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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

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" In all this my right hon. Friend was not merely expressing
his own personal opinion, he was speaking for die Govern-
ment as a whole, and those views "which he expressed to
the Italian Ambassador were particularly coincident with the
views that I hold myself. I have always taken the view, for
instance, that the question of the formal recognition of the
Italian position in Abyssinia was one that could only be
morally justified if it was found to be a factor, and an essential
factor, in a general appeasement. That was the view of all
of us, including my right hon. Friend, and it will be seen
that the trend of these conversations which I have just
reported was definitely favourable to a further discussion,
which would include all outstanding questions, including the
question of Abyssinia. All outstanding questions, it is
important to recognise, did include the question of Abyssinia,
and I emphasise this because of the point of view that has
been expressed by my Noble Friend (Lord Cranborne).
" I am sure the House will not have failed to notice that in
his view the issue is one quite different from that which was
put forward by my right hon. Friend. [HON. MEMBERS :
6 No/] Let me remind the House that my right hon. Friend
said quite clearly—I took his words down at the time—that
the issue is: Should conversations be opened in Rome
now ? That is not the point of view of my Noble Friend.
He says that this is not a question of detail; this is a question
of fundamental principle. He went on to say that that funda-
mental principle was the principle of international good
MR. EDEN :  ** Hear, hear."
THE PRIME MINISTER : " If that is the principle upon
which my Noble Friend found it necessary to separate himself
from us now, what has happened to alter the position since
those conversations which I have described to the House ?
There was no reason why we should not proceed in due course
to discuss with Italy all outstanding questions. A week later
our Ambassador in Rome reported a conversation with the
Italian Foreign Minister at which the latter had told him
he had instructed Count Grandi to urge earnestly that an early
start should be made with the conversations. On the same
day I suggested to my right hon. Friend that it would be useful