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which he says would counter the menace to British interests ?
Perhaps I may say once again what our policy has been. Our
policy has been the policy of non-intervention. Some
countries have intervened, but certainly this country has not.
The civil war in Spain started in July, 1936. It was in August
of the same year that the Non-intervention Committee was
set up. It has been the custom of hon. Members opposite to
jeer at the non-success, as they say, of the Non-intervention
Committee. Of course, no one can pretend for one moment
that the setting up of the Non-intervention Committee and
the working of it have been successful in stopping inter-
vention. We do not pretend—it would be ridiculous to do so
—that there has been no intervention since then. I say that
it has restricted intervention; that if there had been no
Non-intervention Committee, intervention would have un-
doubtedly taken place on a far larger scale.
" In the second place, it has averted international war being
carried on first on Spanish soil and probably spreading to all
Europe. The fact that the war has been confined to Spanish
territory and for the most part to the Spanish people, is a
remarkable tribute to the success of the British policy of non-
intervention. We have ourselves scrupulously observed our
obligation of impartiality under the Non-intervention Agree-
ment, and we have made every endeavour to persuade other
parties to that agreement to follow our example. Perhaps one
might cite again as a testimony to the impartiality we have
shown the fact that we have been so freely criticised by both
sides. The right hon. Gentleman has assumed that the
success of General Franco will mean handing over Spain to
what he calls the Fascist Powers. He has assumed that
victory for that side will mean that Spain will pass under the
complete control of Germany and Italy. He has assumed
that this has long been the intention of those two Powers and,
apparently, he thinks that their objective is now in sight.
The Government have never taken that view. The House
will remember some words spoken by the late Foreign
Secretary on the ist November :
" * There are those who are convinced that, supposing the
insurgent forces are victorious, the result will be a Spain in