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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

------------------------------------_------------------------   147
by methods of force. The second, admittedly of no Jess
importance, is that a peaceful setdement, to be enduring,
must be based on justice.1 Holding these views successive
British Governments have accepted the full obligations of the
Covenant of the League of Nations, and done their best to
discharge them; they have acceded to special instruments
designed to pledge the nations afresh to refrain from resort to
aggressive war; and they have reinforced the general obliga-
tions thus undertaken by specific undertakings within the
framework of the League towards countries with whom they
enjoy special relations or in which they have special interest.
On the other side they have constantly lent, and are prepared
to continue to lend, their influence to the revision of relations
between nations, established by treaty or otherwise, which
appeared to demand review. They will continue, whether by
way of action through the League or by direct diplomatic
effort, to exert all their influence on the side of bringing to
peaceful and orderly solutions any issues liable to interrupt
friendly relations between nations.
" So far as Czechoslovakia is concerned, it seems to His
Majesty's Government that now is the time when all the
resources of diplomacy should be enlisted in the cause of
peace. They have been glad to take note of and in no way
under-rate the definite assurances given by the German
Government as to their attitude. On the other side they have
observed with satisfaction that the Government of Czecho-
slovakia are addressing themselves to the practical steps that
can be taken within the framework of the Czechoslovak
constitution to meet the reasonable wishes of the German
minority. For their part, His Majesty's Government will at
all times be ready to render any help in their power, by what-
ever means might seem most appropriate, towards the solution
of questions likely to cause difficulty between the German
and Czechoslovak Governments. In the meantime, there is
1 The first was the principle later contended for at Munich, after
the second had been acceded at Berchtesgaden. It was Herr
Hitler's proposal to seize by force what he had already been
promised, instead of -waiting for a transfer by agreement, that was so
nearly to cause an eleventh hour war when the real causes for it had at
J6ng last been removed.