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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

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future co-operation and understanding in those areas in which
our interests are found to be parallel. The areas in question
are the Mediterranean, the north-east corner of Africa and the
Middle East. It deals with the future. It lays down certain
guiding principles which should be taken to inspire our policy
not only to one another, but also the policy of both of us to
other Powers, and it contains, as right hon. and hon. Members
will have seen, four separate but correlated sections. First of
all, there is the Protocol itself, signed by Lord Perth and
Count Ciano, to which are attached eight Annexes. Then
comes an exchange of notes between the two negotiators and,
thirdly, there is a Bon Voisinage Agreement, to which Egypt
is a party in so far as their interests are affected, and, finally,
an exchange of notes between Lord Perth and Count Ciano,
on the one hand, and the Egyptian Minister in Rome, on the
other, the effect of which is to associate Egypt with two
declarations in the main Agreement.
" Let us examine the proposals in this Agreement. Let us
begin with the Protocol itself. In it it will be seen that the two
Governments, the Government of Great Britain and the
Italian Government,
6 animated by the desire to place the relations between the two
countries on a solid and lasting basis . . . have decided to
undertake conversations in order to reach agreement on
questions of mutual concern/
It goes on to specify the number and character of the questions
which are dealt with in the several Annexes to which I have
already referred. It points out that the said instrument is not
to come into force at once, but on such a date as the two
Governments together shall determine, and, further, the two
Governments agree that after the instrument has come into
force, negotiations will be opened in which Egypt will be
included in order to try and arrive at certain definite
agreements about the boundaries between the Sudan,
Kenya and British Somaliland, on the one side, and Italian
East Africa, on the other, and certain other matters,
including trade, affecting the relations between these several
" I now come to the Annexes.    The first reaffirms the