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able part of the boundary has never been demarcated. It is
obvious it must be necessary for a complete understanding
between us, and if we are, as we desire, to remove possible
sources of difference, it is absolutely necessary that we should
determine where the boundary lies, and that we should also
agree upon any rights which people living on either side of the
border may have on the other side of the border for the pur-
poses of watering cattle, and so on. Finally, on page 34, we
have the Notes exchanged between the Egyptian Minister in
Rome the Italian Foreign Minister and Lord Perth, under
which Egypt is associated with 'the Declaration about Lake
Tsana in Annex 5, and, as the Territorial Power concerned,
•with the Declaration about the Suez Canal which is found in
Annex 8. I think that completes this brief analysis of the
terms of the Agreement, and it will be observed that, whereas
the Notes exchanged and the Bon Voisinage Agreement have
already come into operation, the Protocol itself, with its
Annexes, is not to come into force until such date as the
Governments are hereafter to determine- I think the reason
for that is very clear.
" The signing of this Agreement has already effected a
radical change in the relations between our two countries.
The clouds of mistrust and suspicion Have been cleared away.
We are able now to regard one another with determination to
promote mutual friendship instead of hostility. Full effect
cannot be given to this Agreement until we can regard the
Spanish question as settled, and find ourselves, consequently,
in a position to recognise the Italian conquest of Ethiopia."
MR. GALLAGHER : " Of Spain."
THE PRIME MINISTER : " With regard to Spain, there have
been suspicions, which have been frequently expressed, that
Italy not only when the time came would refuse to withdraw
volunteers in accordance with the Non-intervention Com-
mittee's Agreement, but that she also was aiming at acquiring
for herself some permanent position, either in Spain itself or
in some of Spain's overseas possessions. Therefore, I desire
to call particular attention to Count Ciano's letter, which is to
be found on page 28 of the White Paper, in which he gave
three specific assurances to the British Government. First
of all, he said the Italian Government: