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individual State. In other words, in so far as this country is
concerned, the time and circumstances of recognition remain
within our own discretion. I myself have always maintained,
and many I think agree with me, that the only circumstances
in which recognition could be morally justified would be
if it was shown to be an essential feature of a general appease-
ment. That is the position of the Government to-day."
MR. CHURCHILL : " Is there general appeasement ? "
THE PRIME MINISTER : " The Mediterranean Agreement
is a step towards general appeasement/'
MR. BELLENGER : " What is the exact legal position ?
Is it de facto or dejure ? )S
THE PRIME MINISTER : ec It is not de jure anyway, if the
hon. Member means at the present moment. On the coming
into force it will certainly be dejure. What I was saying was
that the justification for recognition dejure would be that it
was an essential factor in getting back to general appeasement.
I do not think we could feel that we had got back or that
we were taking steps towards general appeasement unless at
the same time we could see that a Spanish settlement was
within reach. That is a reason why we have made this
Spanish settlement a pre-requisite of the entry into force of
this instrument, and a pre-requisite therefore of the recognition
of the Italian conquest."
MR. ATTLEE : " What does the right hon. Gentleman mean
by a settlement ? "
THE PRIME MINISTER : " I prefer not to give a definition
of it. At this stage it would be wrong to try to define the
circumstances in which one could say that a settlement had
been arrived at. It may be that later on we shall get nearer
the time when we can give a definition."
MR. ATTLEE : " The right hon. Gentleman is asking the
House to approve a Treaty that is to come into force on the
specific terms that there should be a settlement in Spain, and
now he says that he cannot tell the House what a settlement is.
It is ridiculous. The House is entitled to know."
THE PRIME MINISTER : " There I leave myself to the
judgment of the House. I cannot tell the House even when
this Protocol and Annexes will come into force. No doubt
the situation will clear itself up as time goes on. The right