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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

2OO

difficulty arising there is a provision for consultation between
the two Governments.
" I would just say a few words upon Clause 3, Sub-section
(4), which requires a Resolution in Committee of Ways and
Means. It will be seen that that Sub-section has reference to
Article 4, Sub-section (3), on page 9 of the Agreement.
Under that Sub-section in certain circumstances it is contem-
plated that the Government of the United Kingdom may
impose such duties as may be necessary upon eggs and poultry
exported from Eire to this country. There is no present power
to impose such duties, and that is the reason why we have
to include Sub-section (4) of Clause 3. As I have said, this
Agreement carries its own justification with it, and it is not
necessary, I think, for me at this stage to enter into any
description of the details of a somewhat long and complicated
arrangement, but I may say that we believe that this Agree-
ment will stimulate the natural tendency of trade between
the two countries, and I think that the coal-mining industry in
particular will welcome the advantages that they may expect
to obtain from it.
" The Agreements on defence and finance are of a totally
different character. It cannot be said that, on the face of them,
either of them constitutes a good agreement for this country,
because both of them make very large and impressive con-
cessions to Eire without on the face of it any corresponding
advantages. If you are to find those advantages, you must
look outside the Agreements, and must seek them in those
intangible, imponderable, but nevertheless invaluable fruits
which have on various occasions in the past rewarded a liberal
and unselfish act of generosity by a great and powerful
country towards a State weaker and poorer than itself.
" If you exclude the annual sum of 250,000 payable by
the Government of Eire in respect of damage to property, the
British claims against that Government amount, if they are
capitalised, to over 100,000,000. It is quite true that the
Government of Eire does not admit those claims; its view is
that they are wrong in essence, that they ought never to have
been made, and that they are not sustainable in equity. But
the fact remains that the special duties which were imposed
by this country in order to recoup us for the sums which were-