" The Czech Government cannot, of course, withdraw
their forces, nor can they be expected to withdraw the State
Police so long as they are faced with the prospect of forcible
invasion; but I should be ready at once to ascertain their
views on the alternative suggestion I have made and, if the
plan proved acceptable, I would urge them to withdraw their
forces and the State Police from the areas where the Sudeten
Germans are in a position to maintain order.
" The further steps that need be taken to complete the
transfer could be worked out quite rapidly.
" I am,
" Yours faithfully,
" NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN."
Herr Hitler to Mr. Chamberlain
" September 23, 1938.
" A thorough examination of your letter, which reached
me to-day, as well as the necessity of clearing up the situation
definitely, lead me to make the following communication:
" For nearly two decades the Germans, as well as the
various other nationalities in Czechoslovakia, have been
maltreated in the most unworthy manner, tortured, economic-
ally destroyed, and, above all, prevented from realising for
themselves also the right of the nations to self-determination.
All attempts of the oppressed to change their lot failed in the
face of the brutal will to destruction of the Czechs. The latter
were in possession of the power of the State and did not
hesitate to employ it ruthlessly and barbarically. England
and France have never made an endeavour to alter this
situation. In my speech before the Reichstag of February 22,
I declared that the German Reich would take the initiative in
putting an end to any further oppression of these Germans.
I have in a further declaration during the Reich Party Congress
given clear and unmistakable expression to this decision.
I recognise gratefully that at last, after twenty years, the
British Government, represented by your Excellency, has
now decided for its part also to undertake steps to put an