" I am returning to London, where I shall at once consult with my colleagues. During the next few days there is a grave responsibility upon everybody concerned to consider very carefully the issues that are at stake. We must still make great efforts to save the peace of Europe." Mr. Chamberlain made a further statement on landing early that afternoon at Heston^ speaking into the microphone and by means of B.B.C. transmission to anxious listeners all over Britain : " My first duty now that I have come back is to report to the British and French Governments the result of my mission, and until I have done that, it would be difficult for me to say anything about it. " I will only say this. I trust all concerned will continue their efforts to solve the Czechoslovakia problem peacefully, because on that turns the peace of Europe in our time." During the week-end the gravity of the situation increased hourly. The German ultimatum to Chechoslovakia was due to expire on 1st October and all countries prepared themselves for a war over a question already agreed in principle but whose dispute by arms would probably have resulted in the total destruction of the civilised world. On Monday night^ in a speech listened to by the whole world^ Herr Hitler told the German people that his patience was at an end. Immediately afterwards the Prime Minister issued a statement to the Press. " I have read the speech of the German Chancellor and I appreciate his references to the efforts I have made to save the peace. " I cannot abandon those efforts since it seems to me incredible that the peoples of Europe who do not want war with one another should be plunged into a bloody struggle over a question on which agreement has already been largely obtained. " It is evident that the Chancellor has no faith that the promises made will be carried out. These promises were made, not to the German Government direct, but to the British and French Governments in the first instance.