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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

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largely instrumental in inducing Dr. Benes to put forward new
proposals on 2ist August, which appear to have been regarded
by the Sudeten Party leaders as a suitable basis for the con-
tinuance of negotiations. The prospects of negotiations being
carried through to a successful conclusion were, however,
handicapped by the recurrence of incidents in Czechoslovakia,
involving casualties both on the Czech and Sudeten German
side.
" On ist and 2nd September Herr Henlein went to Berchtes-
gaden to consult with Herr Hitler about the situation. He was
die bearer of a message from Lord Runciman to Herr Hitler,
expressing the hope that he would give his approval and
support to the continuance of the negotiations going on in
Prague. No direct reply was communicated to Lord Runci-
man by Herr Henlein, but the latter returned convinced of
Herr Hitler's desire for a peaceful solution, and after his
return it became clear that the Sudeten leaders insisted upon
complete satisfaction of the eight Carlsbad points, so-called,
in any solution that might be reached. The House will see
that during August Lord Runciman's efforts had been directed,
with a considerable degree of success, towards bringing the
Sudeten and Czechoslovak Government negotiators closer
together.
" In the meantime, however, developments in Germany
itself had been causing considerable anxiety to His Majesty's
Government. On 28th July the Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs had written a personal letter to the German Minister
of Foreign Affairs, Herr von Ribbentrop, expressing his
regret at the latter's statement to Sir Nevile Henderson, our
Ambassador in Berlin, that the German Government must
reserve its attitude towards Lord Runciman's mission and
regard the matter as one of purely British concern. The
Secretary of State had gone on to express the hope that the
German Government would collaborate with His Majesty's
Government in facilitating a peaceful solution of the Sudeten
question and so opening the way to establishing relations
between Great Britain and Germany on a basis of mutual
confidence and co-operation.
" But early in August we received reports of military
preparations in Germany on an extensive scale. They included