mind the close approach of the Nazi Party Congress at
Nuremberg, which was to open on 5th September and to last
until the i2th. It was to be anticipated that the German
Chancellor would feel himself compelled to make some
public statement regarding the Sudeten question, and it
therefore appeared necessary, in addition to warning the Ger-
man Government of the attitude of His Majesty's Government
in the United Kingdom, to make every effort in Prague to
secure a resumption of negotiations between the Czecho-
slovak Government and the Sudeten representatives on a
basis which would give hope of a rapid and satisfactory
" Accordingly, His Majesty's Minister at Prague saw Dr.
Benes on 3rd September and emphasised to him that it was
vital in the interests of Czechoslovakia to offer immediately
and without reservation those concessions without which the
Sudeten question could not be immediately settled. His
Majesty's Government were not in a position to say whether
anything less than the full Carlsbad programme would suffice.
They certainly felt that the Czechoslovak Government should
go forthwith and unreservedly to the limit of concessions.
Lord Runciman strongly supported Mr. Newton's repre-
sentations to Dr. Benes, but both Lord Runciman and Mr.
Newton drew Dr. Benes* attention to the importance of
reaching a settlement before Herr Hitler's expected pro-
nouncement at Nuremburg and to the dangerous international
situation resulting from the German military preparations.
Dr. Benes responded to these representations, which were
made in the best interests of Czechoslovakia, by putting
forward proposals afterwards known as the Fourth Plan,
which were communicated to the Sudeten German repre-
sentatives on 6th September. In Lord Runciman's opinion
this plan embodied almost all the requirements of the eight
Carlsbad points and formed a very favourable basis for the
resumption of negotiations. In forming this opinion he was
guided partly by his own examination of the Czech Govern-
ment's plan and partly by the favourable reception that was
accorded to it by the Sudeten negotiators.
" Since the opening proclamation of the Nuremberg Con-
gress had not contained any reference to the Czechoslovak