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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

slovak Government were, therefore, urged to agree immedi-
ately to the direct transfer to the Reich of all areas with over
50 per cent Sudeten inhabitants. An international body was to
be set up to deal with questions like the adjustment of frontiers
and the possible exchange of populations on the basis of the
right to opt.
" The Czechoslovak Government were informed that, to
meet their natural desire for security for their future, His
Majesty's Government would be prepared, as a contribution
to the pacification of Europe, to join in an international
guarantee of the new boundaries of the Czechoslovak State
against unprovoked aggression. Such a guarantee would
safeguard the independence of Czechoslovakia by sub-
stituting a general guarantee against unprovoked aggression
in place of the existing treaties with France and Soviet Russia,
which involve reciprocal obligations of a military character.
In urging this solution upon the Czechoslovak Government,
the British and French Governments took account of the
probability that the Czechoslovak Government would find it
preferable to deal with the problem by the method of direct
transfer rather than by means of a plebiscite, which would
involve serious difficulties as regards other nationalities in
Czechoslovakia.
" In agreeing to guarantee the future boundaries of Czecho-
slovakia against unprovoked aggression, His Majesty's
Government were accepting a completely new commitment
as we were not previously bound by any obligations towards
Czechoslovakia other than those involved in the Covenant
of the League.
" The Czechoslovak Government replied on 2oth September
to these representations by suggesting that the Sudeten
dispute should be submitted to arbitration under the terms of
the German-Czechoslovak Arbitration Treaty of 1926. The
British and French Ministers in Prague were, however,
instructed to point out to the Czechoslovak Government that
there was no hope of a peaceful solution on this basis, and, in
the interests of Czechoslovakia and of European peace, the
Czechoslovak Government was urged to accept the Anglo-
French proposals immediately. This they did immediately
and unconditionally on 2ist September. His Majesty's