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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

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public opinion generally in the world and to bring their
prompt rejection by the Czechoslovak Government. Those
views were confirmed by the results, and the immediate and
unqualified rejection of that Memorandum by the Czecho-
slovak Government was communicated to us at once by them.
What I think the House will desire to take into consideration
first, this afternoon, is what is the difference between those
unacceptable terms and the terms which were included in the
Agreement signed at Munich, because on the difference
between those two documents will depend the judgment as to
whether we were successful in what we set out to do, namely,
to find an orderly instead of a violent method of carrying out
an agreed decision.
" I say, first of all, that the Godesberg Memorandum,
although it was cast in the form of proposals, was in fact an
ultimatum, with a time limit of six days. On the other hand,
the Munich Agreement reverts to the Anglo-French plan, the
plan referred to in the Preamble, though not in express terms,
and it lays down the conditions for the application, on the
responsibility of the four Powers and under international
supervision, of the main principle of that Memorandum*
Again, under the Munich Agreement evacuation of the
territory which is to be occupied by German military forces
and its occupation by those forces is to be carried out in five
clearly defined stages between ist October and loth October,
instead of having to be completed in one operation by ist
October. Thirdly, the line up to which German troops -will
enter into occupation is no longer the line as laid down in the
map which was attached to the Godesberg Memorandum,
It is a line which is to be fixed by an International Commission.
On that Commission both Germany and Czechoslovakia are
represented. I take the fourth point. Under the Godesberg
Memorandum the areas on the Czech side of this German line
laid down in the map which were to be submitted to a plebis-
cite were laid down on that map by Germany, whereas those
on the German side of the line were left undefined. Under the
Munich Agreement all plebiscite areas are to be defined by the
International Commission. The criterion is to be the predomi-
nantly German character of the area, the interpretation of that
phrase being left to the Commission. I am bound to say that