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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

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I believe there are many who will feel with me that such a
declaration, signed by the German Chancellor and myself, is
something more than a pious expression of opinion. In our
relations with other countries everything depends upon there
being sincerity and good will on both sides. I believe that
there is sincerity and good will on both sides in this declara-
tion. That is why to me its significance goes far beyond
its actual words. If there is one lesson which we should
learn from the events of these last weeks it is this, that lasting
peace is not to be obtained by sitting still and waiting for
it to come. It requires active, positive efforts to achieve it.
No doubt I shall have plenty of critics who will say that
I am guilty of facile optimism, and that I should disbelieve
every word that is uttered by rulers of other great States in
Europe. I am too much of a realist to believe that we are
going to achieve our paradise in a day. We have only laid
the foundations of peace. The superstructure is not even
" For a long period now we have been engaged in this country
in a great programme of rearmament, which is daily increasing
in pace and in volume. Let no one think that because we have
signed this agreement between these four Powers at Munich we
can afford to relax our efforts in regard to that programme at
this moment* Disarmament on the part of this country can
never be unilateral again. We have tried that once, and we
very nearly brought ourselves to disaster. If disarmament is to
come it must come by steps, and it must come by the agree-
ment and the active co-operation of other countries. Until we
know that we have obtained that co-operation and until we
have agreed upon the actual steps to be taken, we here must
remain on guard.
** When, only a little while ago, we had to call upon the people
of this country to begin to take those steps which would
be necessary if the emergency should come upon us, we saw
the magnificent spirit that was displayed. The Naval Re-
servists, the Territorial Army, the Auxiliary Air Force, the
Observers* Corps, obeyed the summons to mobilise very
readily. We must remember that most of these men gave
up their peace time work at a moment's notice to serve their
country. We should like to thank them* We should like to