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our discussions were conducted was not a very favourable
one, because we were in the middle of an acute crisis; but
nevertheless, in the intervals between more official conversa-
tions I had some opportunities of talking with him and of
hearing his views, and I thought that results were not altogether
" When I came back after my second visit I told the House
of Commons of a conversation I had had with Herr Hitler, of
which I said that, speaking with great earnestness, he repeated
what he had already said at Berchtesgaden—namely, that this
was the last of his territorial ambitions in Europe, and that he
had no wish to include in the Reich people of other races than
Germany. Herr Hitler himself confirmed this account of the
conversation in the speech which he made at the Sportpalast
in Berlin, when he said : ' This is the last territorial claim
which I have to make in Europe.' And a little later in the
same speech he said : ' I have assured Mr. Chamberlain, and I
emphasise it now, that when this problem is solved, Germany
has no more territorial problems in Europe.5 And he added :
* I shall not be interested in the Czech State any more, and I
can guarantee it. We don't want any Czechs any more/
"And then in the Munich Agreement itself, which bears Herr
Hitler's signature, there is this clause : * The final determina-
tion of the frontiers will be carried out by the international
commission'—the final determination. And, lastly, in that
declaration which he and I signed together at Munich, we
declared that any other question which might concern our
two countries should be dealt with by the method of
" Well, in view of those repeated assurances, given volun-
tarily to me, I considered myself justified in founding a hope
upon them that once this Czechoslovakian question was
settled, as it seemed at Munich it would be, it would be possible
to carry farther that policy of appeasement which I have
described. But notwithstanding, at the same time I was
not prepared to relax precautions until I was satisfied that the
policy had been established and had been accepted by others,,
and therefore, after Munich, our defence programme was
actually accelerated and it was expanded so as to remedy
certain weaknesses which had become apparent during the