Skip to main content

Full text of "The Symbionese Liberation Army"

See other formats



V;: I' 

fn/ln V<^ ^tf^ 




A Study 




(FEBRUARY 18, 1974) 

Printed for the use of the Committee on Internal Security 

28-610 WASHINGTON : 1974 


OCT 1 19/4 


United States House of Representatives 
KICHARD H. ICHORD, Missouri, Chmrman 

ItlCHARDSON PRBYER, Nortli Carolina ROGER H. ZION, Indiana 
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida 



EOBEET M. HORKER, ^taff Director 

William H. Stapleton, Assistant staff Director 

William H. Hbcmt, Executive Staff Assistant 

Alfred M, Nittle, Legislative Counsel 

William G. Shaw, Research Direator 

RICHARD A. SHAW, Chief Investigator 


DbWitt White, Legal Counsel 

Herbeht RoMERSTEiisr, Chief Investigator 

James L, Gallagher, Senior Research Analyst 


The House ('onimittee on Internal Security is a standing committcH^ 
of the House of Eepresentatives, constituted as such bv the rules of 
the House, adopted pursuant to article I, section 5. of the Constitu- 
tion of the United States which authorizes tlie House to determine the 
rules of its proceedings* 


liou^e Resolntioii 6, Jaiiimry 3, 1973. 


L'esoJved, That the Rules of tlie House of Representatives of tlie Xlnety-sefoinl 
Congress, together with all applicable prOYisions of the Legislative Reorganiza- 
tion Act of 1946, as amended, and the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, as 
anieiuletL he, and they are hereby adopted as the Rules of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Ninety-third Congress =*' '-' '•' 

****** :i; 

Rule X 


1. There shall be elected by the House, at the coininencement of each Congress, 
(k) Committee on Internal Security, to consist of nine Members. 

* * * ^: * 5{; ^ 

Rt:le Xt 


It. Cf>mmittee on Internal Security. 

(a) Communist and other subversive activities nffectiiis; tlie internal securitv 
of the United States. 

(b) The Committee on Internal Security, acting as a whole or by subcommit- 
tee, is authorized to make investigations from time to time of (1) the extent, 
chn meter, objectives, and activities within the United States of organizations or- 
groups, whether of foreign or domestic origin, their members, agents, and affili- 
ates, which seek to establish, or assist In the establishment of, a totalitarian 
dictatorship within the United States, or to overthrow or alter, or assist in the 
overthrow or alteration of, the form of government of the United States or of any 
State thereof, by force, violence, treachery, espionage, sabotage, insurrection, or 
any unlawful means, (2) tlie extent, character, objectives, and activities wltliiu 
the United States of organizations or gronp.^, their members, agents, and jittiU- 
ates, which incite or employ acts of force, violence, terrorism, or any unlawful 
means, to obstruct or oppose the lawful authority of the Governnient of tho 
United States in the execution of any law or policy affecting the internal set-u- 
rity of the United States, and (3) all other questions, inclnding the administra- 
tion and execution of any law of the United State.s, or any portion of law, rehil^ 
ing to the foregoing that \yould aid the Congress or any committee of the Hoiisr 
in any necessary remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Internal Security shall report to the House for to (he Clerk 
of the House if the House is not In session) the results of any such investigation, 
together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Tnternnl Security, 
or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at sncb limes ninj phiceH 


\\'"""'" Mir liiifi'd Shi((\s wIicUht tlir Noiisi^ iw in si^sHhui. tifiH rtT^'ssrd, or luis 
iidjoiinKMl, lo li(il(t HiK'li ln'Mciii«H, niid lu rtMiuii-c, by siiU|u'nji fn* (d liri-uts(\ llic 
iilh'iKliiMcc i\iH\ IcNliiiumy of .such widu^ssi'S and llu* prndin-doii oT snrii 1k>o1v.s, 
j-*'((>r*is, ('oi'irsi)(mf|('ii<'<% iiicinnnuHliiiiis, piiiH'i-.s Jiiid {locnnnMil.s jih M (li'cnis lU'ces- 
sary. Snbp«iaw niit.v hr issiu'd tukUt (lu^ signal iirr of- {hv i'hnlrmsiw of I he <'(nii- 
niittee or any ,suh('finniiittc^(% or by any nK'niber design a (<'(! by any such r-lmii'maii, 
and may be servcMj by any person designated by any hiicIi chairman m- ii\r\nUvr. 

* * lit * ;;; !i! ;^ 

28. (a) 111 order to assist the House in^ 

(1) its analysis, appraisal, and evaluation of Jlie aiiplication, administra- 
tion, and execution of the laws enacted by the Congress, and 

(2) its formulation, consideration, and enactment of such modifications of 
or changes in those laws, and of such additional legislation, as may be neces- 
sary or appropriate, 

each standing committee shall reyiew aiid study, on a continuing basis, the appli- 
cation, administration, and execution of those laws, or parts of laws, the subject 
matter of which is within the jurisdiction of that committee. 

I : 


;;t> r! '\^?-\^^ Committee on Internal Security publication entitled 
yohticfil Kidnapmgs-^ issued in August 1973, 1 noted tliat the UnitiMl 
States had been fortunate to escape the rash of political lddnar)inos 
^'''^r^ have oceurrecl increasingly since 1968 and I fore^varned that 
authorities m the United States should never take the position that -t( 
cannot happen here, ' 

n has happened here in the shocking- kidnaping- of Patricia Hearst, 
and the kidnapers, obviously emulating the Kobiu Hood tactics of 
the Argentinian terrorists, liave made demands that hundreds of mil^ 
lions^ ot dollars worth of free food be distributed to the needy ii, 
Cantor ma. 

Several weeks ago, I instructed the Committee on Internal Security 
fi^ v/- ^^^^ '^ ^"^ <^'^ ^^le ^^i^^^ of terrorism to supplement the 
Political Ividnapings' study mentioned above, and this will be pro- 
duced shortly, llie committee has. however, received so many requeshs 
tor uitormation concerning the Symbionese Liberation Ariiiv whirh 
chums credit for the Patricia Plearst kidnapini?, that I have ordered 
the staii to prepare the following document which sets forth available 
tacts concerning this organization and the kidnaping. 



February lo* 19T1-, 




(K^oTE.-^The word "Symbionese" is newly coined, and is probably 
based on the noun ^'symbiosis," as used i]i biology meaning the partnei'- 
Rhip or close association of dissimilar groups or organisms for their 
mutual benefit.) 

On February 4. 1974, Patricia Hearst, 19. dauo-hter of the president 
and editor of tJie San Francisco Examiner, was Iddnaped by a heavily 
iu-raed team which later identiiied themselves as meml^ers of the 8ym- 
bionese Liberation Ariny (SLA). As of Februarv 12, the SLA made a 
>izar)-e demand as a precondition to negotiations for hei' release— the 
tree distnbutmn of $70 worth of food to everv disabled veteran antl 
welfare recipient in California. 

^ Two members of the SLA, Knssell jRck Little. 24, aka Kobert J 
Scalise and George Devote; and Joseph Miclum] Reiniro, 27, are i 
in ban Quentm prison awaiting trial for the nnirder last Kovem 
ot Dr. Marcus A. Foster, the superintendent of Oakland's piiuji.: 

A third member of the SLA, Xancy Lino- Perry, 26, aka Niincy De- 
voto and Lynn Ledwortli, is a fugitive. Hlie is wanted on arson cliaro-os 
stemming from a fire last montli which Avas set to destrov evidence'^in 
a house used by the terrorist group as a head(iuarters. 

On February 9,' the San Francisco FBI office released composite 
sla^tches of tliree suspects in the kidnaping, one white female and two 
ma e .Negroes. There is no descri]>tion of a whit(^. female and a white 
nuile who are belie\-ed to have Ixxui a pnvt of th(> abductioii tean^ 

Since tlie SLA blasted its May into tlie headlines 3 months ago with 
the slaying of Dr. Foster and the att(mij>ted murder of his deputy, 
luiDert lllackburn, speculation has run rife regarding the SL \ Even 
now with the added impetus of a major ongoing investigatio]i, too 
little is know]i about the SLA, its formation. membership,^iumerical 
strength, or operational extent. However it is evident that this new 
ievolutio]iary terror group is linked with revolutionary Maoist conv 
munist organizations operating both overtly and covertly in Cali- 
fornia. , ^ J 

_ This report attempts to detail aiul consolidate availai)le public iii~ 
lormation on the Symbionese liberation Army. 


On November 6, 11)7;3, firing .380 caliber bullets packed with cyanide, 
and a, shotgani an unknown number of assailants, proba[>lv three in 
number, killed Oakland s school superintendent Dr. Marcus Foster 
and severelv wounded his deputy, Eobert Blackburn. On Xovi^mber lo' 
T^^i. '"i ll'^^''^^ h""'^ Francisco Chronicle, and radio station 
Y-^' ^fA"^^, ^^'® Pacihca network, each received an identical letter 
c aiming that the attack had been made by the Symbionese Lil)c.-ntiou 
-irmy ( MjA). 



Dated XoYcmber G, 11)7^, tlm iHicr pnrportiMl In rninr irmii thcj 
Western Ki^gioBal Youth Vmt of i\n^ SbA. It siahMl llmi InsiriYind 
]^>lai^Jvbnrn Averc marked as tarA'(^ts by a "( V>in-t oi the Pcni>1«^ which 
bad found them "^lilty of suppovtiii^r an<l tukm^^ parUn mnu^s c-oni- 
mitted ag*aiiist tbe cbildren and the ]ifo of the i^oople.; 

SpocificaUy, tbe lettcT complained of a school identity card systnu, 
of c6(>pe}'ation among police, probation officers and school omcials, and 
of plannina- the creation of a sebool system pobce imit. ihese issues 
have been loudly vocalized by a radical Oakland ^roup, the Coalition 
(o Save (3ur Schools (CSOS) Avhich includes formeiMnembcrs o± the 
revolutionary Maoist Yenceremos Organization (YO). 

The Arenceremos Orsranization (YO) was a splinter jn'oup of the 
Bevolutionarv Union [Kl^. It was the most A'lolent of the Maoist 
(H)innumist groups operating- in tbe U.S. from 1971 imtd it began to 
disintegrate in the spring of 19Y3, a process that appeared compiete 
by September. The YO opeiily called for the overthrow ot Uie b.b. 
Government and advocated the use of weapons for '^sell-detcnse- 
against "repression." • v i. i 

"Several members or former members of YO have been indicted or 
convicted of participation in the escape of convict Eonald Beaty from 
Chino Prison in 1972. Y guard was killed in that ambush-escape, it is 
considered of some signilicance that SLA appears to have^ emerged 
in August 1973, and that another self-styled Bay Area terrorist group, 
the August Seventh Guerrilla Movement (ASGM), also developed at 
the time that Bay Area members of YO ceased their overt operations. 
A Eeport by the House Committee on Internal Security, 'vbiierica's 
Maoists: The Revolutionary Union— The Yenceremos Organization- 
(June 1972) provides detailed information collected by the committee 
staff on these groups. . , . 

The SLA letter of ^^ovember 6, 1973, was mailed m an envelope 
bearing an 80 Eevolutionarv War Bicentennial commemorative stamp 
with the slogan, "Eise the 'Spirit of Independence." As a cover to its 
three pages of text was a photocopied drawing of a coiled seven-headed 
cobra, similar to the part-serpent, partdiuman "naga'' of Hindu and 
Buddhist mythology. A similar design appeared on the 1967 record 
allnnn by Jimi Hendrix. "Axis : Bold as Love." 

SLA explained the cobra in a leaflet as "one of tbe first symbols 
used by people to signify God and life,'' traceable to "Egyptian tem- 
ples and their seven pillars, to the seven candles of the pre-Zionist 
North African religions, to the Buddhist and Hindu religions and to 
North and South AiiM^rican Indian religions/' , 

T]ie murder team ^vas described by a witness who saw them fleeing 
the murder scene as between 15 to' 20 years of age, all with dark, 
slionlder length hair or wigs, and all of medium height and slender 
}>uild. According to this witness, each wore a uniform of dark pants, 
knit hat and a denim jacket with a white patch on tlie right breast. 
Their complexion was described as oiive or tan, and it was indicated 
that one or more of the team could be female. . . v 

From information developed during the investigation, it is believed 
that the murder team established a base in a tidied iloor. two-room 
apartment at 1621 Seventh Avenue. Oakland, in October^l07;h Tlu^ 
Seventh Avenue address is live blocks from the Oakland Scbocjl Ois- 


U\c\ nihrrs oiHsia. whirh Dr. Kosler u.sshul. Wiin.^'- ^^'^yj^':;' 
)Hnl)cr a woman reseinl>rmg K.nry Pc.rry ivirtcd (h. ap:t.l 
L t n the name of Lynn Ledworih, paying the n.i ';y - -^ 
onler, Kesiderits of tbe apartment hnuse h.v. idso tcnl. ( nv!y Mlrnl ,ii< J 
Joe Eemiro as having been seen in tiie biuldmg. 

InaU'sis suggestslhat the SLA maintain e<i some iorm ol surve 1- 
lance on its vi^^tms i^rior to the attack, mounted tlieir assault from the 
Tuted apartment aild returned there on foot alter tbe nuii-der to hide 
out. There was little evidence that the apartment was occupied on a 

'^S?"SS' 1^, the Oakland school system said that the LD 
oard\^ten w<^ld 1 e discontinued ^Smtil the feelings of students and 
r^i^S be ro ssessed.'' The snme day, the SLA sent out a second 
Sr^^W^'he School Board^s action iudicated^^n attempt to lieed 
■ nd respect^he w ishes of the people'^ and had resulted m a ^ymbionese 
;ims/^?o withdi'aw the ^^^.oot-on-sight^rder^;' But the letter warned 
that attempts to reinstitute "programs of political police lorces in our 
s^'hools^^ would result in the deatli .^'.nrant order bemg reactivated 
without warning, ^^^^ p^^TTEES ■ 

\r analysis of the languaire of the first SLA letter was made bv 
Dr S I Hayakawa, nationally recognized semanticist and retired 
pnkdint of San Fnmcisco Stal(^ T^nl^orsity, who cliaracterize<| it ns 
t^-e vxnlv of a "hh>h grjule intellect. (h.^voted to revolutionai'^' ideology, ■ 
Id an Oaklmid^L-nnuu^ article oil Xovmber 12. 

])]■ Xlavakawa^s report continuecb '^Tt js an ailicmate letter. Lhe 
o-r^Mmnar and spelling are faiiUless, and the use of 'legal habit' is also 
mterestinf>-. '' '^ ''^ This type of expression is a direct continuation of 
the same propaganda from the late l^^O's.^ . 

The Oakhind Tribune contiimod, '^Li'. IlayakaAva categorized tlie 
letter and the pdaying of Dr. Foster as 'the land of destruction aimed 
toward societv liv tlie SI)S [Students for a Democratic Society] and 
the Weathorim^n'; In the letter were references to details about tlie 
V)asts o^- botli men. '^ ''' '^ 'The use of these details; said llayaka\\:i. 
Voidd seem to indicate a dc^termiiied effort at premediiation.' T\\r 
le'-^cr also vofers frequently to the 'Black, (^hicano, Asian and con 
scions While youth/ Dr, Dayakawa said the repeated ])hrase lieips 
exphiin the use of tiu^ word ^Syn-ibionese' on the letterhe^id. "Iliry 
appear to have used symbiosis as the root word. Symbiosis nutans f hr 
partner^^liip oi: dissimilar groups for their mutual benefit/ - 


I)es^>ite massive investigative efforts, the kdling of Dr. Foster and 
the shootina- of 31r, Blackburn remained unsolved until lamiary in, 
19TL wlien tlie case broke suddenly and by chanct^ Af alHrnt 1 ::2() a.m. 
on tiiat date, Sal. David Duge of the (>)ncoi'd I^ilice D(i>Enlnieiil 
[Concord is a sulmrban town 20 miles nortli->ast of Oakland | i)a( ml 
linri^ in the Clayton Valley area of Contra Costa (Vninty observtHJ a 
retflOOr) Chevrolet van, lictmsc number 806 GUI), roaming the s( rtH>ls 



Afirr inaiiitaiiung a watch on the van, Sgt. Duge pulled it over 
in {\ic vnilmtry of Ayers Eoad and Sutherland Drive and approached 
it on foot. He saw that there were two men in the cab and obtained 
the identification of the driver, Itussell J. Little, who was usiu^' the 
alias Robert Scalise, and returned to liis cruiser to complete tlie check- 
ing process. As he did so, either Little or the passenger, Josepli M. 
Remiro, or both, op(^ned fire on him. 

The shots missed Duge, but shattered the windshield of the patrol 
car. Sgt. Duge returned the iire ; Little attenii>ted to drive away in 
the van but was prevented by a shot jnmcturing his tires and a snper- 
iicial shoulder wound. The van ran off the road, and Sgt. Duge was 
able to arrest Little who was armed with a .38 Colt revolver. Remiro 
I'an away when the van crashed. Four hours later, liidiiig under a 
parked car in a yard near Ayers Road and Sutherland D^J^\\ Remiro 
was arrested by ollicer Jim Ak^orn. He was armed with a .380 Walther 
semi-automatic pistol, but oifered uo further resistance. 

A searcli of the van, which was registered to a Nancy I )evot.o, ;'>85f; 
Whittle Avenue, Oakland, resiiUed in the discovery of souie :^.000 SLA 
leaflets in English, Spanish, Cliinese. and Swahili. a 9-nun rifle and a 
carton of tools. 

Later that day both Little and Remiro mqvq cliarged with assault 
with iiitent to murder Sergeant Doge; bail was set at $250,000 each, 
and as a seciiriti^ measure they were quickly transferred from Contra 
Costa County Jail to San Qucntin State Prison. 


Russell Jack Little, 24r. was born in Oakland. ITnder tliat narne he 
had most recently been living at 5989 Chabot Road, Oakland. How- 
ever, under aliases, ho had established residences in at least one other 
area. When booked at the Concord jaih Little gave police the alias of 
Robert Jariies Scalise, 27, of 1621. Se\Tnt]i Street, Oakland. It was 
later determined that the alias was a name that belonged to an Oak- 
land child who had died at the age of six in 1958 of leukemia. The 
Seventh Street address turned out to be a parking lot. TTov>Tver. it was 
at the same street number on Seventh Avenue that the SLA had e.s- 
tablished its "comniaiid post' ' for the Foster slaying. 

Using the name Giuirge Devoto, Little had since August beeii liv- 
ing at 1560 Sutherland Court, Concord, a house, it was later found, 
tliat had been used by the SLA as a headquarters and armory. This 
house had been rented by Xancy Ling Pen-y. alias Xancy Devoto. 

Little had been nintli in his high school class of 000. Hq graduated 
with a degree in philosophy froin the TJni\'ersity of Florida and i]i the 
spring of IOT^^j took courses at Xorth Peralta College, giving the Cha- 
bot Road address on his registration forms. 

For an undetermined period of time. Little has been associated 
with the United Prisoners Union (I!^PU), 8077 21th Street, San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. UPU seeks to organize convicts for the abolition 
of prisons and is heavily infiltrated, if not controlled by. former racni- 
]>(n*s of Yenceremos organization. Little was active with the Blaek 
(Cultural Association, au ad hoc group Avhich inchides members of 
riM'ohitionary inmate organizations. 

Joseph Michael Remiro, 27, was a member of 1 tii* KMsl AfilnHin* 
Division and served two voluntary hitches in Vietnam. lieleai.rO I'khu 
the Army in 1968, he returned to San Francisco wherr^ hv wuh horn 
and where his family still lives. Rt^miro gave his fannly s nddivsH iin^t 
the occnpation ^'machinist" wdien pnrehasing a .880 W'nlihei', in -hity 
1973, from the Traders Gun Shop in San Leandro. 

Remiro was arrested in San Francisco in 197t) on a rhargr iO' (hnif 
crating the American flag by wearing it sewn on tlw st*a( of his pnniH. 
The charge was reduced to disorderly conduct and he was given n 'M\ 
day suspended sentence. Reports state he waschargtMl wi(h sinngglin," 
ma,rijuana in 1967 when he Mas in the Army, but no Oispfisil iftn i; 
known of that case. 

A founding member of the East Bay chapter of Yietnam Vclvrnnrt 
Agahist the War/ Winter Soldier Organization (VVAW/VVSO) in 
1 972, Remiro took an active role in that organi?:ation until Nhi rdi li)7M. 
Ih^ worked in the WAW/WSO office at 4919 Telegi-anlt Aver me, 
llinlv(*le;y, where the telephone was installed and listed in nis natne. 

While living at 4614/4616 Bond Street, Oakland, Remiro, who had 
lived with known Veiu'eremos organization member's, was als{j in 
\nhed \^ilh the Oakland electoral cam})aign of former Plads Pa til her 
I'atiy leaders Bobby Seale and Elaine Brown; with boycott activitlcM 
of the United Farm Workers; and other ^^coimnunity'^ activities, H«^ 
si udied auto mcdianics and made the dean's list at the (^olh^ge of A hi- 
niiMhi, a j)art of the Peralta District campus in the spring of !i)7;i. 

Nancy Ling Perry, 26, whose address is reported as »iHn(> Whi(.(l« 
A VIM me, Oakland, was born in Santa Rosa, Calif. She jittc^nchMl \Viii(,- 
( icr ( '(d lege ill 1 IHU), and transferred to the University of ( •al i fnrfiin at 
llerkeley and obtained an AB in English literature. AccoT'ding (o nn*^ 
rc])ort, slit^. then connnenced graduate studies in chemisf I'y fis \n\v\ of 
a [)]'e-med course. 

Ill R)()7, Nancy Ling married Gilbert Scott Perry, a Ni^-gro nit mi 
cian from whom she separated in February 1973. Since tlu^n she hiul 
worlscd as a topless blackjack dealer in a San Erancisi*o iiiglifrfiib 
a,THl as a, counter-hand at a Fruity Rudy juice stand in Berl<(V](*y. TIhi 
owncu* of the juice stand has stated that Nancy Perry worked" i\wv{} 
mitil Angust 197H ; that she earned $140 a week and tluit she gii ve $tH{) 
of it to Vacaville prison inmates, visiting them every week. 

Nancy Ling Perry has been associated with the UPU in Sa.n I^'nui- 
cisco and has made regular visits to convicts in Vacavilli^ ami h'olHoni 
state prisons. In Vacaville she is believed to have visited wi(Ji i\n\ 
Black Cultural Association^ and with two inmates, Albert Tjiyh)!' lunl 
Raymond Sparks, both serving long terms. 

The prisoner groups with which the SLA has been involved nre di^' 
scribed as follovrs in House Report No. 98-738 entitled, "Ifevoliiiiun 
ary Target : The American Penal System,'' which was pnblisluMl in i )(s- 
cember 1973 by the House Committee on Internal Security, 

Tlie Black Guerrilla. Family, a revolutionary Mtirxiat-r/enint4f, or^quil'/iilhm, 
was formed in late 1971 from elements of the Blaek rantluH' I'nrly. Ttm Mlfick 
Guerrilla Family follows the teaching and leatlership of former rjinfhcr [cfuhT 
Eldridge Cleaver and to all intents and imrpoHe.^, Uw Black tJnorrllln li'niiilly imtl 
the Black Liheration Army are one and ilw .sn jiio uri^n iiizaf inii.^ * * ■*■ 

1 The BldCk lillMM'nfion Army la composc^l of HHitiHirliTu or KJUlrldj^n Ch'uvtn', fiiniu't" 
Black Pa.ntlK»r I'lirfy inlitl.Hh'r nf liil'DrinuMfm. who \\vwn llir« Hhirk I'diilhiu" Pncly htKulml 
hy Iluey Nowtoii iih "rml mtHhiiil (miohkIi." <'l(«nvi'r <ir«jinlK(*i| llin Hi'VululloiiHr'v I'l'itjild'n 
Commuulcfilion Nelwiirk iiud hiiM (IcsSwrmfcd (lif ItljirU Lllicrnl lixi AriHV fiM ilii' tfiU'irllJu 
ivarfare ■■inti of hln nrj^jitjl/.nnnii, 

'I1n* nificli (JuonUlM l<'n(nl1.v (iiMliitJihiN ouIhUUv coiitiU'ls throiif,ii publlcatioiiH, 
vlHl(n(l(niH, tni(i t'om'HiHHJdi'iit-t'. It, I'lij^Hgi'd in a contlniicniK rin'ruidiifiit progntm 
jHHl frctmonlly IwUla politicni tUscubsioiiH relating to Miirxiwl llii.H>i\v. lu acldi- 
1U)ii, iiu^iii))rrw ol' thJH group are known to liavo enj,^iiged in phyf^ical training and 
to JuLve partit^Ipated in karate drills. 


It is estiniat(Hl tliat tiie Black Gnerrilla Fanniy has 50 members at San Quenlin 
Prit^on iTi(!ility and a total of some 200 inmate members within the entire Cali- 
fornia prison", system. Recently the Bhick Guerrilla Family has formed an alli- 
ance with Nue8tra Familia, a Mexican- American inmate group, which is at war 
with the Mexican Mafia, another MexicHn-AnierJcan group. The Black Guerrilla 
Family leadership lia?^ indicated that when a full-scale prison disorder takes 
place, its members will not only consider the :Moxican Mafia to be enemies but 
intends to kill correctional officers as well. 

Tlie Polar Boar Partv started out as a predominantly white group which fol- 
lowed the rat'ist ]i]nlo,^)i>hy of the Aryan Brotherhood. It has described itself 
as "a politically (niented group with tiie aim of raising the conscience of our 
brothers here inside in order to promote prison reform and light for the abandon- 
ment of prisons entirely/* ■•■ " " 

^'. - ^ S: ifi * ^1* ^^■■ 

It recently joined in an alliance with the Yenceremos organization and Inu^ 
estalilished contact wdth the Yenceremos members both inside and outside the 
prisons. As a result, the Polar Bear Party had begun to espouse the Maoist revolu- 
tionary line of the Yenceremos, * * * 

^! ;^ * ;3i * * * 

The United Prisoners Union is an organization composed of ex-conviets, 
parolees, and inmates. It has as its purpose the formation of a -'prisoner chiss" 
union. ^^ ^^ ^ 

This organization, which has more than 150 members within the prison facilities 
lu California, was characterized during the committee hearings as yery radical 
and revolutionary in nature. It is particularly ho^^tlle toward correctional ofticers. 
It is reportedly very close to, if not dominated by, the Yenceremos orgniiizaiioii. 
The Yenceremos have used the United Prisoners Union as a mail drop and it is 
one of the groups utilized by the Yenceremos in its contact with the Polar Bear 

The Prison Law^ Collective, * '^ * an amiiate of the National Lawyers Guild in 
San Francisco, also has close ties Vvith the United Prisoners Union, primarily in 
contacts between the guild and the Yenceremos organization. 

William "Willie" Wolfe, in his niid-20s, was seen leaving the Con- 
cord house with ]!S^ancY Ling Perr}- at the time of the ai'son. Few details 
are yet aYailable on Wolfe except that he also was involyed in prison 
actiyities, tliat he went to the same jiuiioi' college as Little and lived in 
the same Oakland rooming house, and that he shared a house with 
Eemiro from October of 1973 until December. 


Investigations have established that in August 1973, Nancy Ling 
Perry, using the name of Nancy Devoto, reiited 1560 Sutherland Court, 
Clayton, and that since that 'Sate the liome was used as an armory, 
bomb factory, and headquarters of the Symbionese Liberation Army. 
According to the property owner, a security deposit of $100 and a 
month's rent of $500 ivas paid by Kancy Devoto in August by money 
orders. The money orders were" reportedly from *^an Eastern U.S.. 
probably a New York City bank." Subsequent rental payments lia^a> 
been made, up to January 2"* 1974, by money orders oi' cash. 

The $S1,00Q house, located in the center of a cul-de-sac, was lived 
in hj George and Nancy Devoto, according to neighbors. Eeports 
nH^ufion no other occupants and tliere was no telcpho3ie. Neighbors 

idi'ntiCicd CtM)rge l)ev<tl<Mis liussclt Lit! lt\ and slnlrd dial Ihe l)^vt)lo^i 
]int|'^Nt>\v \i}\'k !H'Ci'iils,''aiH! were imtMnployed. 

Oiu^ inexplicable iiiridont is reported by the J)ev()i()s' Concorrl iieigh- 
hors. On No\tMnbci' lb I he weekend after Dr. Foster was slain, a, boy 
oi" al)c)ut K; knocked on the Devotes' door and confronted Nancy Ling 
Perry asJving to set^ her husband. George, She later told police, who 
were/ called nt the insistence of neighbors, that when she askel wlio 
he was the boy pulled out a gun. She said she shoved him and kic]:ed 
him. He fired one wild shot and lied on a motorcycle but was subse- 
quently arrested. 

On January 10, K)74, a fire was set, in 1560 Sutherland Court. Gaso- 
line from a five gallon container was splaslied onto floors and walls; 
black po^^'der was scattered on the iioor. At 6 :21 p.m. the Concord Fire 
Department was called by local residents. Their prompt response pre- 
vented an explosion, confined damage to the house to about $10,000, 
and pi-eserved considerable evidence of the SLA's occupancy. 

According to neighbors, as smolre was hrst seeii in the house, Nancy 
Devoto with one. perhaps three others, left in a heavily laden Buick 
Riviera driven at high speed- The registration of this car was traced 
to William "Willie-' Wolfe of 4616 Bond Street, Oakland (Bemiro's 
Oakland address). 

F(}lloTrin.g (he iii-e, the Siitlieihnid Court liouse was searched. Mate- 
I'ials foiiiul jntduded se\eral ]>oiinds of potassium cyanide, bullets vrith 
the tips drilled and packed with, cyanide, pipe bombs, explosives, am- 
munition cartons for 12-gaug(^ sliotguns and .308 caliber rifles, two 
l)oxes of 9 mm. ammunition, [)arts of dismantled weapons and stocks 
for carbines. 

Also in the house was evidence that the SLA had new Lafayette 
walkie-talkies, wilderness maps for adjoining counties and the Grand 
Tetons, and maps of Oakland and vicinity maihed to show possible 
escape routes in and around the city. 

Papers discovered in the house included a list of California prison 
officials and their wives marked for assassination together with a rec- 
ord indicating that a form of surveillance was being kept on some of 
them. Grand jury testimony released on February 7 stated that "death 
warrants" aimed at Kaiser Industries, General Tire and Rubber, a 
candy corporation, and others were found. The house also contained 
the original of the SLA communique announcing the *^*execution of 
Dr. Foster, an SLA comnmniqiie not sent to the media, and press 
clippings relating to the claim made by the August Seventh Guerrdla 
Movement that they had shot down an Oaldand Police Department 
helicopter, killiuiv two ofhcers ou October 2, 1973. 

A number of reTolutionary posters together with books and other 
literature were also present. I^iterature included such books as "tLstory 
of the Commimist Party, Soviet Union"; Racism and Ckss Strug- 
fvle"; "The Fall of America"; "Criminal Investigations— Basic 1 er- 
spectives": "Anti-Aircraft Defense"; "Germ Warfare"; "The Slanual 
of Guerrilla Warfare"; and "For tlic Liberation.- The latter two are 
by Carlos Marighella, the Brazilian urban gucrrilhi kdled m a shoot- 
out in 1969. 


The various addresses given by Eemiro and Littie were the subject 
of intensive searches. A search warrant f(U' Littk-s address at t^^) 


('li:ili(>l wMs I'xcciilcil, II |jioilui'('(i liiiii(liv(ls of rounds of pistol and 
I'illc Miiimmiilioti, iiti M-i lifle, two typowiiter.s, tin electric hand drill 
iuid -2H separate drill bits, pairs ot boots, jackets, a box of papers, 
and four posters. . , 

Examination of the pliTsical evidence, including the H althcr pisto i . 
linked both Eemiro and Little with i:>r. Foster's nnirder and provided 
the basis on which thev have been charged. 

Additional evidence found indicated that the SLA was planning to 
finance itself bv well-organized burglaries and may have already 
started that operation. Other physical evidence s\iggested that a prison 
break-in and escape was under consideration. 


On Januarv 19. the San Fi'ancisco Examiner received a letter, be- 
lieved to be ■authentic, from "Fahizah. former name Kancj Ling 
Perry" in which she wrote that she. Little, and Eemiro are members 
of "an information/intelliffence unit of the ITnited Fcdei'ated Forces 
of the Symbionese Liberation Armv." Slie explained that as members 
of such a unit their duties are to support such acts as the assassination 
of Dr. Foster, not to carry them out. Other members, she claimed, take 
"credit" for the slaying. . x j.i -n i ,■> 

The five-page, single spaced typewritten "Letter to^^the People 
vows that Little and'Remiro, "my closest companions,' will be de- 
fended. "You have not been forgotten and you will be defended be- 
cause there has been no set back and all combat forces a^'^mtf f^t.' The 
letter also claimed that there was no connection between SLA and the 
4u-ust Seventh Guerrilla Movimient. Cnticizmg that group, Perry 
said ASCtM was a police plot to "discredit revolutionaries and confuse 

%Ktter from Kancv Perrv continued, "As a member of the SLA 
information/intelligence I figtit against our common oppressor and 
this I do with my gun as Avell as my mmd." Ihe writer crit cized 
othei- radical orsanizations which support armed revolution abroad 
but "when it comes to the struggle here in Amerikka Lsic] they con- 
sistentlv denounce militancy and revolutionary yiolence.- 

Other passages of interest from the letter include : "I believe that 
whenever people arc confronted with oppression, starvation and the 
death of theii freedom that they want to fiffM-*.*;; there has never 
been a^precedeiit for a non-violent revolution. * '^ *" and "All mem- 
bers of the SLA recognize that we, right here in Amerikka [sicj aie 
in a state of war and that in a. state of war all must be armed and 
understand the true meaning of self -defense." . 

On Februarv 9. a reporter for the Palo Alto Times received a tele- 
phone call from a self-claimed member of the SLA, giymg the name 
"Sanzinga," who discussed the kidnaping of Patricia Hearst. During 
this conversation the woman stated that the ?Tancy Ling-Perry letter 
of January 13 should have been published in full. On February 10, 
the San Francisco Examiner published the full test of the letter. 


At about 9:20 p.m. on February 4, in Berkeley, Calif.,_two men 
iunl a woiiKiii lorred ilieir w-ay into the apartment of Patricia Hearst, 



\\K (l;i iiL'jilri' of llic |*(r,^iir!tMi( ;iml mlilor of ilir S;ni Imii iicisro I'!xatii- 
iiiij' \vln) is jilso rlinirniJin ol' [he hoard of i\w Jlr»ursl Corporal ion. 
Soiiir I't^ports iiuUciiii' llinf [lioix^ is a possibility thmt Ihm- nddress \md 
Ik '(Ml obtaitH'd IVimi an !J5M ctird iiul(^x at the lJ:nivt»rsity of Cali- 
lornia ni MiM'krli'v w 1hm'(^ slu^ is a sopliomore. 

E lit r>' 1 o 1 1 1 r ii i 'o 11 1 K I f ] o 01- t o w7ilious(^ a pa it men t ta t 26 03 Jim i vci me 
AYeiiiK\ t'oui- blocks soiitli of the campus. Avas obtai:ned by the female 
SLA terrorist tapping on the glass patio door ancL asking to use the 
teleplione to report an accident. 

Miss Hearst's fiance, Stephen A. Weed, 26, opcne^d tJie garden door 
und the Avoinan ]>URliecl into the apartment acconipamied by two Ne^To 
males, one armed witli a riile, tlu^ other armed withi a pistol and per- 
il ap)s also a rifle. 

Weed Avas beaten abont tJie head and shoulders iL]ilil semiconscious 
and tied up, Ste\ eii K, Snenaga, 21, a ^leighbor ^r]\o heard the noise 
and ran into the Hearst ai^aitment, was also beaten. 

Patricia Hearst was taken into her kitchen, tied up, and di'agged 
out of lier home screaming and fighting, to be dumped l)y lier aslail^ 
ants into the trunk of a 1J963 Chevrolet Impala. The female member 
of the kidnap) squad got into a second vehicle, a wliite station wagon, 
l^otli cars sped away with the Ividnapers in eaeli car inring a fusillade at 
thfd apartment house where the noise had alerted other occupants. 
Empty sliell casings found at the scene indicated that the fire was 
from R .80 caliber At-1 rifle. 

The Impala in which Miss- Hearst was abducted was later found 
abandoned six blocks away. It was registered to a Peter Benenson, 31, 
a Lawrence Eadiation Laboratory mathematician. A search was' in- 
stituted for Benenson when police believed that lie also had been 
kidnaped. HoweA er, the next morning he called the police to say that 
he had been seized by the SLA the previous night, Benenson, whose 
apaitment building's garage was separated from Miss Hearst's patio 
door by a courtyard, saitl lie had been tied and blindfolded in the back 
of ins own car whik^ it was used for the kidnaping. When Miss Hearst 
was transferred to the station wagon, Benenson claimed he was able 
to release himself. He stated that he was so terrified by the SLA he immediatelA^ went into liiding, not coiitacdng the police toward 
whom he has exhibited a hostile attitude and who Jiave been unable 
to secure his full, willing cooperation. 

On February S, the FBI released composite sketches of suspects in 
the Iddnaping of Patiacia Hearst. They were of a male Xegro. early 
twenties, 5' 10^'. 160 lbs., short hair; a male Xegro, age 20, 5' 11'' to 6' 
short hair, mastache, who may wear glasses; a white female, Ameri- 
can, earl \^ t vventies. T/ 5'' to 5' 6'', 120 lbs., long dark hair. 


On Felnniary 7, similar letters headed Western Eegional Adult Au- 
thority of the Symbionese Liberation Army were received by radio 
station KPFA and the. Berkeley Barb, an Tmderground newspaper. 
The letter to radio station KPFA contained a j^lobil Oil Company 
credit eaixl issued to Randolph A. Hearst which the SLA liad taken 
from his daughter's purse during their brief yident stay in her 


TIh' SLA Irtirr \V2IS 1h'!I(](h1: 

Mni.ti.<-I • '\rrr-4l mimI pruiiHtive custody ; and if necessary execution 
T. i rMlrlrh. (^.mpbell Hearst, daughter of Randolph Hearst, corporate 
, nr VlH' luM.iUc. Wnrrant issued by the court of the people. 

'VU,. i ,n<n'iMl s^ li^tt er contained no demand as the basis for releasing 
Miss Hearst 1 1 stated slie was unli armed and ^^arned that should any 
attemnt h(^ made to rescue the prisoner, or to arrest or harm any b.L A 
1 45 \^ prisoner is to be executed.- Moreover, Miss Hearst was 
to be^mint Jined at adequate physical and mental condition" through 
*SuH)tective custodY of combat and medical milts. ' 
^ T s SLA letter also stated that the weapons carried by tli^ "Imited 
Fedei^ited Forces- that effected the abducti(m wore ^Jf^l^^-P^^^ 
when tliCT "served an arrest warrant on Patricia Hearst. Ihe lettei 
ami^med that orders had been ^iven not to harm -ci^olians' duniig 
t he Xliction. but that "if any citizens attempt to aid the authorities 
oTSSe with the^hnplementation of this order, they shall be 

^""li^ kttrfSS^ated that "all communications from tills c^urt 
must be published in full, in all newspapers, and all other forms of the 
mi^a. Failure to do so will endanger the safety of tbe pnsoner. ^ ^^ 

The SLA communication, labeled ^'C ommunique > o. .., 1^ e I . 4, U i 4, 
which termed the kidnaping "a part of hs war ^agamsc the fascist 
state/' concluded, '^further commiuucations will lollow. ' 


Press reports have linked the fohowing pers^ms with the SLA in- 
vestigation. To date these include : 

lean Tarshis Dollv, nee Bonner, of 4616 Bond Street. Mrs. Dolly, 
' a former member of the Palo Alto Yenceremos chapter, is now asso- 
ciated with the West Oakland YYAWAVSO I3i.charge ^^^^ 
Proiect In December slic was nominated for the post ot national 
cooT'dinatorofYA^VW/WSO. .^ .... ...x .^.^c^^ t 

Bob Hood, 28, who shares 4610 Bond St. with YYAW/WSO s Jeannie 
' Dollv, is the YYAW/WSO Eegional Coordinator who operates the 

Teleoi'aph Avenu.e office formerly used by Joe Eemiro, 
lU-se Erlich, Avho lived witli his wife at 4616 Bond last year, has been 
associated since 1967 with groups in the Bay Area ranging iro)n 
student antidriift activists througli the Internatmnal Liberation 
School to the A^cneeremos organization. He reportedly tooiv a nuiior 
part in organizing the Xoveniber 15, 1969^ antiwar riots in \A ash- 

ington, D.C. . , ^ .n -xr x- it 

Dan Siegel, a former student activisL treasurer of the JNational Law- 
vers Guild (^N^LG) and a vocal ^Maoist was admitted to the state 
bar last October after a protracted %'ht regarding his suitability 
because of his student .arrest record. Siegel, who now writes for the 
Guardian, was i^resent at both the Chabot and Bond Street addresses 
actino" as a legal advisor to the occupants during the period of the 
])obce searches. The Guardian describes its purpose as "to assist m 
brino'ino- to birth .a new revolutionary political party, based on the 
working chiss, armed with the science of Marxism-Leninism, corn- 
mil (c<l (o sacifilist rcvohition.*' 


Ilol/ni Al, Yeamans, a member of the NLG, graduated from Stan- 

foi-d Law School in VM\i) and has traveled to Cuba as a member ot 

the Yenceremos P>rigade. She is a member of the Alenlo Park Law 


On November 15, AYilbert "Popeye" Jackson, 4;^>, chairman of the 
rPIT, was acquitted of charges of possession of heroin and marijuana. 
His attorney was Robin Yeanums. According to Liberation News Serv- 
ice, the acxpiittal was attributed to the defense exposure of a police 
infiltrator in UPU, Jessica A'odquen. 

Two weeks after Jackson's arrest, A'odqucn allegedly told LPLT 
members that she was working- for the police and detailed her activ- 
ities. At Jackson-s trial, the District Attorney released a statement in 
wliich A^odqucn said her earlier statements had been made tinder co- 
ercion, "that A^enceremos members threatened her with a shotgun and 
a knife while Yeamans told her what to say." 

A^odquen then said she had been kidnaped to a AKuiceremos hideout 
in Los Altos from which she escaped. LTPU witnesses were called to 
rebut her story, as was Bill Schechner of KQED-TA" who has been 
a staftY-r for Pacifica's KPFA-FM. 

Pobin Yeamans was the attorney of record for Joseph Eemiro at his 
arraignment, but Rerairo is now represented by a public defender. Lit- 
tle is also represented by the Oakland pulilic defender's ofiice. 

On Januarv 15, Rav Hofstetter, ;U, who has been identified as the 
titular head of A^O in San Francisco and the operational leader of 
LPtT, with a Robert McBriarty, 2-5, after identifying themselves as 
investia-ators from Robin Yeamans' office were permitted to remove 
materials from the rubble at 1560 Sutherland Court by the police. 


On February 12, radio station IvPFA received a cassette tape re- 
cording accompanied by an 8-page cover letter from the SLA. The tape 
recording contained a somewhat disjointed 15 juinute message from 
Patricia Hearst and two messages from males who identified them- 
selves as SLA members. 

One of the two male voices on the tape who called himself "Field 
Marshal Cinque'' (pronounced Sin-Q.) stated he was "quite willing 
to carry out the execution" of Aliss Hearst who was selected as their 
victim **for the crimes that her mother and father have by their a<:- 
tions committed against we, the American people and the oppressed 
people of the world.'' Cinque \^■as the leader of a slave ship rebellion 
in the 19th centurv. 

The four pages of the letter following the statement of demands 
was a pseudo Declaration of Independence; the last three pages wtM-v' 
rrf \'])ed versions of two SLA documents which had been discover^] l>y 
|K>fice in the Sutherland Court headquarters on Jamiary 10. 11ies(' 
were entitled, "Terms of the Alilitary/Political Alliance" and ^'1lie 
Svmbionese AA'^ar Council." Dated August 21, 19T;>, tliese w<»iv (illed 
\vilh turgid revolutionary jargon aV)oiit "repressioti" and ^N^xplnifji^ 
I ion"' find declared "revob'itionary war'' on (he I ■ nited States. 

The fu'st ])age <'ontaine<l demands foi' the IVee distrihu* inn of $7i> 
wuflli of (nod hi all of Caiiforriia's pooj", n^vil, tlisnhled velei-niiH, and 


ex-convict? as a'gestiiro of ''^ood faith" to be met before negotiatioTis 
for Miss Hearst's freedom could be stai'ted. The cost of this '^good 
faith"' gesture has been estimated at frojii $250 to $350 million. ^ 

The SLA ''Communique #4'' detailed the number of stores in vari- 
ous comuuniities to be involved m this food ^sjiveaway and demand(Hl 
that only 'Hop quality'' p^'oods be disti-ibuted. In a message 'Ho the 
people/' die SLA said that those not satisfied or '^larassed" in connec- 
tion with this plan should "voice their discontent'^ in the streets, at bus 
stops, in movie houses, and other public places for Symbionese ears 
to hear. 

The communique also demanded tliar community groups including 
Nairobi College in East Palo Alto. Glide Memorial Cliurch in San 
Francisco, the Black Teachers Caucus, Xational Welfare Rights 
Organization, the United Farm Workers, American Indian Mo\'e- 
ment. the Third World Women's Alliance, and the United Prisoners 
X^nion supervise the massive food distribution project. 

The demands inchided that repoits on the progress of the distTnbii- 
tion be published by representatives of the '^people's news services'- 
such as Getting Together, the publication of the oriental Maoist I Wor 
Kue]i group; Triple Jeopardy, a tabloid by the Third World Women's 
Alliance; the Black Panther; and the T^l^T^'s Anvil- 
It is reported that the typewriter used to produce Communique :^4 
is the same as used to type the 5-page "letter to the people^' by Xancy 
Ling Perry and is the same as the one used to ty])e the Fe))ruary T 
letter announcing that the SLA had kidnaped Miss Hearst. 

It was reported on Friday, February 15. thnt one of the SLA men, 
probably ''Field Marshal Cinque," liad been tentatively identified as 
])onald David De Free/.e, who escaped from Soledad in Marcli VM-], 
The second man has been iiamed as Thero M. Wheeler, 29, a self- 
identified member of the Yenceremos organization. After considera])le 
activity wdth Yencei'emos, he sent a letter of resignation to the grou]> 
and vras transferi-ed to a minimum se cm-it y prison facility at Yaca- 
rille. Assigned to woil^ cutting gi'ass outside the walls, he escaped on 
Au£'ust2. 1973. 


Supe!'ficial analysis suggests that these crimes have been committed 
by a snialh close-knit group of at least six with a probable maximum 
immber of ten. Tactics used by the SLA indicate that at least two 
members have had combat training, that at least one member is a 
skilled machinist, ajid that at least oiie member has an extensive knowd- 
edge of language. 

Fi'om tlie associates of the SLA it must l)e presumed that some nu^in- 
bers and former members of the Yenceremos organization know the 
SLA and are willing to support their terrorist acts. 

If the pattern of emulating various Latin American u]*ba]i terrorists 
continues, it can be presumed that after the fulfillment of the prop- 
aganda demand for free food for the w^ elf are recipients and disabled 
veterans of California, or an efibrt to meet it, an attempt will be made 
to force the release of Remii^o and Little. Demands for the release of 
other prisoners such as the San Quentin 0, or leaders of the Black 
<Tuerrilla Family or Polar Bear Party are also possible. 



The SLA's operations liiu'*^ shown a. high degrcM^ of premetUtat ion 
and ijlanning, an<l ii capahitity f(>r improvisation nndiM" pressure. The 
SLA s (nnny reniaf exjjenses, arms cache, etc. imply that \\\v gj-niip i-' 
wi*II funded. 

The possibility must also l)e faced that the SLA's exploits an<l 
massive media impact may result in enuilation by other small bands 
of domesti<' rc^vohitionaries, as the bombings claimed by the Weather- 
men inspired new left affinity groups to similar acts.