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A Comparison of the Persecution of Revolutionists 
by the White Terror and the Treatment of Counter- 
Revolutionists in Soviet Russia, 




The Workers Party of America 






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American capitalism stands on the crossroads. On the one hand 
there runs the natural path of uncompromising enmity to Sonet Rus^ 
sia; on the other, the path leading to an easier fulfillment of capitalisms 
-reatest commandment: "Thou shalt make profit." 

On the one hand there are Russian Soviets of workers and peasants 
who boldlv attacked and defeated the first fort of the capitalist world, 
the Russian empire, who broke the rule of the capitalist class m that 
country and established the first workers' and peasants' government. In 
the eves of capitalism the Soviets are not only usurpers whose conquest 
the capitalist world can never suffer to let go unchallenged, but the 
Soviets are also a most dangerous example for the exploited masses of 

the world. . — . -, 

On the other hand there are possibilities for profit in Soviet Russia 
that capitalist greed cannot pass up. Kill the Soviets-yes; but while 
they live, why not do business with them? 

Thus American capitalism feels its heart torn between love and 
duty love for war on the Soviets, the duty to make more profit or the 
duty' to fight the Soviets, and love for easier profits. This struggle is 
nearing its climax. England, France, Japan, Italy, all staunch warriors 
against the Soviets, have succumbed to their love for profit-possibilities 
and have recognized the Soviets. A gnawing pain is torturing United 
States capital at the thought of barred profit-possibilities in Soviet Rus- 
sia This pain grows to an unbearable proportion when it witnesses the 
nonchalance with which the English, French and Japanese "allies" are 
suppressing their hatred for the Soviets to steal a march on American 
capital bv taking first choice in Soviet business. 

In this hour of crisis international menshevism appears on the scene 
attempting to keep America on the straight path of capitalist duty 
against Soviet recognition. International menshevism tries to act as 
capitalist conscience. The mensheviks have not even learned that much 
from Marx that the seat of capitalist conscience is not in the heart, but 

in the pocketbook. 

* * * * 


The Russian revolution fell like a bombshell and disturbed the 
circles of the beneficiaries of a system that coins profit out of the misery 
of millions, Just at the time the diverse governments o£ these benefi- 
ciaries were engage in a grand slaughter, the world war, in which the 
workers of the different countries were forced into uniforms, armed with 
the latest devices of systematic mass murder, and pitched against each 
other to determine which group of their respective capitalist masses 
should have a right to claim the whole world as their domain. The 
Russian revolution shed the first ray of hope into the heads and hearts 
of millions of wage slaves the world over. After the collapse of the 

central empires as a result of the influences of this revolution, the war 
came to an end and with it there seemed to be at hand the end of the 
capitalist system itself. The proletariat of Hungary victorious, the 
workers of Germany in a death grip with capitalism, the workers of. 
Italy in revolt, the Russian revolution seemed to have sounded the death 
knell of the old order. 

In this hour of trial of the capitalists; international menshevism, 
social-democracy, arose as a welcome savior. Against the progress of 
the proletarian revolutionary wave, international menshevism undertook 
to organize international capitalist counter-revolution. Murderous up- 
risings organized by the menshcviks in Russia and paid for by French, 
English and American capital; betrayal of the workers of Italy by the 
Italian brand of menshevists, by Turati and D'Aragona; mass murder 
of workers by the German breed of menshevism, the Noskes, Scheide- 
manns and Eberts; betrayal of socialism by the American breed of men- 
shevists, the Hillquits, the Bergers, and Cahans; betrayal in London, 
treachery in Paris, that is the history of the international of menshevism 

since 1914. 

International menshevism temporarily reconquered the world for 
capitalism. Only Soviets withstood their treacherous attacks. With the 
aid of the social democrats, reaction triumphed. As a result of this the 
dungeons of the capitalist countries are crowded with men and women 
who have committed the most unpardonable crime of the capitalist or- 
der—to right for the interests of the workers. Tens of thousands of 
them are in prison. There, they are tortured, starved, murdered. The 
victims of international reaction in their agonies of tortures and death 
raise their accusing finger at the Second International, at international 
menshevism, at the Noskes and Scheidemanns, at the Turatis and D'Ara- 
gonas, at the Longuets and MacDonalds, at the Bergers and Hillquits, at 
the Hilferdings and the Abramoviches, and charge them with murderous 
treachery against the cause of the working class. 

But this gentry of the Second International, accomplished charlatans 
8.11 or them, set up a mask of persecuted virtue and answer with a cry of 
"Stop thief!" The agonies of the tortured tens of thousands of victims 
of reaction in Germany, in Italy, in the Baltic states, in the Balkan states 
in India, in all of the capitalist states, rend the air. But international 
menshevism with a hypocritical mask of piety and humanitariamsm 
demands the release of "political prisoners" in Soviet Russia, 

* * * * 

International Menshevism has sent a special representative to the 
United States, Raphael Abramovich, member of the central commit- 
tee of the Menshevik Party of Russia and member of the executive 
committee of the Second International. The ranks of the anti-Soviet 
recognition phalanx in the United States are wavering. Business with 
Russia holds promising prospects, No true capitalist will permit even 
the most rigid principle of anti-recognition to stand in the way of profit. 

This change of heart is watched with fear by the Russian breed of Men* 
shevism. Since the Russian proletariat has made the task of saving capi- 
talism an unsafe profession at best within that part of the world con- 
trolled by the Soviets, the Russian Menshevists have made their living 
by painting most terrible pictures of Bolshevism, to the edification of 
big capital "and to the terror of the international petty-bourgeoisie. 
Seeing these pictures losing their terror the Mensheviks are preparing 
to paint them over anew, Citizen Abramovich is entrusted with the 
task of accomplishing this in the United States. 

Abramovich raises the demand of release of political prisoners in 
Soviet Russia. 

Who are the "politicals" in Soviet Russia? "Socialists," answers 
Citizen Abramovich; "Socialists, who are persecuted for interpreting 
Socialism different from the interpretation of the Bolsheviks; Social- 
ist brothers of the Bolsheviks incarcerated by them only because their 
idea of Socialism differs just a little from that of the Bolsheviks." 

When the day arrives in a not too distant future, when the victor- 
ious German proletariat under the leadership of the Communist Party 
of Germany will hang Noske on the highest gallows that can be found 
in the empire, these Abramovjches will insist that Noske fell victim to 
unwarranted persecution by the Communists because . of his different 
interpretation of Socialism. 

Soviet Russia is the conquest of a victorious proletariat. 

The imperialist war developed the antagonism between the old order 
of capitalism and the approaching new order, Communism, to the climax 
of a decisive revolution. The old order fought every inch of its ground. 
First it battled under the cloak of Czarism and then under the disguise 
of democracy. The proletariat created Soviets as an organism that 
unified and, under the leadership of the Communist Party, directed its 
struggle. The barricades of revolution and civil war rose high all over 
the vast empire of Russia. The struggle raged thru years. On one side 
of the barricades the defenders of the coming order, the Soviets, lead 
by the Communists; on the other side the defenders of the old order, 
mercenaries of imperialism, "Socialists," Mensheviks, under the leader- 
ship of capitalism. The Soviets of the workers and peasants were vie- 
torious. After the victory they pulled out from behind the barricades 
their enemies: the whole coterie of defenders of capitalism. These were 
held up to the contempt of the workers of the world— all of them: 
Monarchists, mercenaries of capitalism, Socialist Revolutionaries, Men- 
sheviks. It was then that the latter began their wailing: "We are 
Socialists." The revolutionary justice of the Soviets proved that they 
were caught with guns still warm in their hands, fighting against the 
revolution. As bitter enemies they fought the Soviets; but as "Socialist" 
brothers they demand mercy from them. 

Their pitiful cries cannot deceive the workers of the world. The 
■defeat of these "Socialists" denoted the victory of the workers and 
peasants of Russia. Their punishment cannot atone for their crimes 
.against the proletarian revolution of the world. Their insistence on 
their "socialism" only aggravates the crimes they committed. 


"Motives of revenge do not determine proletarian justice" said the 
presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the U. S. S. R. when 
It transmitted the sentence of death against Boris Savinkov into ten 
years imprisonment. Boris Savinkov, the,, most energetic and _ ablest 
organizer of counter-revolutionary uprisings is one of the "politicals" 
in Soviet Russia. When, at the Instigation of International Menshevisni 
the "politicals" of Solovetzk, one of the camps for "politicals" in Soviet 
Russia, attempted to organize mass escapes, the management of the 
camp decided as a counter-measure that all the prisoners m the camp 
must he in their rooms after six p. m. and that the electric lights will 
he shut off at iz, midnight. Counter-demonstrations were organized by 
one of the prisoners, Bogdanov. Bogdanov is another of those revo- 
lutionists" and "socialists" that are held in prison in Russia "just on 
account of a little different interpretation of Socialism." But incidently 
Bogdanov did not confine himself to interpretations, Under the leader- 
ship of Savinkov and in the pay of French imperialism he helped to or- 
ganize the bloody uprising of Jarosiav In 1918. Fit protegees of Mr. 
Abramovich, these "politicals" are indeed. Only Mr. Abramovich should 
stop his wailing about imprisoned Socialists and should declare openly 
what is his heart's desire. His sympathies are with the capitalist coun- 
ter-re volution; The capitalist counter-revolution victorious would have 
gladdened his heart. The counter-revolution defeated saddens Mm and 
opens the heart in pity for the defeated and imprisoned counter-revo- 
lutionists. In the solitude of his chamber Citizen Abramovich and his 
treacherous Second International contemporaries pray for the defeated 
counter-revolutionists; but in public they whine about poor and per- 
secuted "Socialists." 

"The Union of Soviet Republics covers one-sixth part of the globe. 
Hundred and fifty million inhabitants populate it. The counter-revolu- 
tlonlsts of the world spent their combined efforts on Russia to organize 
conspiracies and conspiratory circles. And in spite of ail that there are 
today only five hundred 'politicals' in the land of the 'Red Terror/ 
says Comrade Magyar in his pamphlet, "The Red Hell/ But these five 
hundred, participants In anti-Soviet uprisings, stipendiaries of English, 
French and American capital, accomplices of Nouiens, Pomoare and 
Curzon, tools of Polish lackeys of French capital, are uppermost in 
the minds of Abramovich and his kind. Fifteen thousand workers were 
murdered by Noske and his social-democratic second internationalists. 
Abramovich does not see that. He shakes hands with Noske as a Social- 
ist and brother, and both, Abramovich and Noske, unite to demand the 
release of five hundred "politicals'* from the "Red Hells" of Soviet 

Russia. _ 

Let us take a look at these hells. Most of the five hundred 

"politicals" of Soviet Russia are Interned in Solovetzk and Susdal both 

former monastries. Healthy and beautiful surroundings and excellent 

climate characterize both institutions. 

What do the prisoners say about these "Hells"? 

Belowodskv, a Menshevist, writes in a letter smuggled out of Sua- 

dai: "Please do not worry about my fate. There exists here, if I may 
say so, a good management. Here Is my menu: Breakfast: tea; dinner: 
soup, meat, potatoes; Supper: meat again. Rye bread we get plenty 
and tasty* Wheat bread also. Then we get a glass of milk, tea, sugar 
and besides cigarettes (tho I do not want to start smoking). We take 
walks twice a day in a grove of fruit trees." 

Swetianky, one of the former leaders of the Menshevist youth or- 
ganiation writes from Susdal, sub rosa, "I assure you that I have never 
been better off than I am now. Sometimes I feel awful when I 
think that you cannot get one fifth out there of what I do get in here; 
I repeat that I am well. I am not privileged in here but all are kept 
like I am. As I told you in my last letter I am free all day long and 
pass the day together with the others. We take walks, read together, 
have talks and so forth." 

From' the camp at Solovetzk writes N. L. Muchin, also sub rosa: 
"I spent my days fishing in the little lake. Lately our rations have been 
increased and we always get plenty. For dinner we get two plates 
together with soup and preserved fruit. For supper one plate. There 
is always sugar. Bread we get more than we need. Aside from that 
we get from the local authorities herring, and sometimes butter. We 
also get milk and wheat bread. It is very agreeable that this is no 
prison; no bunks, no locks, no window bars, and no spy-holes in the 
doors. One really feels that this is not a prison but a camp. There are 
plenty books and new ones are constantly added. Modern, classical, and 
scientific literature are represented. One works when one feels like it. 
Time passes fast and almost unnoticeable. Our room faces the lake 
and from our window we have a wonderful view." 

We could cite many more letters of that sort. All smuggled out 
of the camp and written under conditions that guarantee that they 
reflect the real conditions in camp and the real opinions of the writers. 
The prisoners receive the visits of their wives who stay with them for 
days and weeks. They organize socials and study courses of all kinds. 
They are permitted free social intercourse between them. Men, some of 
them caught red-handed in the act of attacking the Soviet power with 
arms in their hands; others confessed conspirators against the first 
workers' and peasants' government, still others proven against in the 
pay of foreign capital against the power of; the S ©vie t£— those are the 
inmates of these camps. These are the martyred "Socialists" paraded 
by Abramovich; and such is their punishment for crimes of conspiring 
with international capital against the workers and peasants of Soviet 
Russia, These are the "Red Hells" of Soviet Russia where these 
"Socialists" are interned passing their time by reading, fishing, and 

Nearly ten thousand revolutionary workers and. Communists wither 
their lives away in German dungeons, sent there by Socialist police 
officials, persecuted by Socialist ministers of state, sentenced with the 
help of Socialist judges, and kept in prison by a Socialist president. 
They are convicted of the crime of having fought for bread for the starv- 
ing workers, for haying demanded the application of the eight hour day 
as guaranteed by the constitution, for having fought against capitalism 

which extracts golden . profits out of the misery of the German prole- 


But Abramovich and his kind docs not see this, life and death strug- 
gle oT the German workers. He does not hear the appealing cries of 
the thousands of proletarians starved and tortured in German prisons 
by German Socialists. He does not notice the agonizing cries of the 
suffering families of those unhappy victims of capitalist ''justice" ad- 
ministered hy socialists. He only sees his five hundred counter-revo- 
lutionary -Socialist" friends in the "Red Hells" of Soviet Russia who 
sit peacefully at the shores of a quaint little lake and fish. And their 
"suffering" inspires Abramovich to join hands with the Second Inter- 
national "to join hands with Severing, the socialist minister of Prussia 
who is responsible for thousands of workers lingering in prison. He 
joins hands with Ebert who, as President of Germany, refuses amnesty 
to the victims of Severing. He takes Nosfce's hands which are dripping 
with the blood of thousands of German proletarian lighters against 
capitalism—and hand in hand with- these murderers and persecutors - of 
workers he demands the release of— proven agents of international 
capital, of conspirators against the first workers* and peasants' govern- 
ment, against Soviet Russia. 

* # * * 


The Second International is a champion of democracy. Standing on 
the pedestal of this championship its leaders, such as Abramovich and 
Noske, fight for the release of "'politicals" in Russia on the ground that 
these politicals are victims of a dictatorship. Out of their love for 
democracy the Abramoviches try to spin a rope with which they hope to 
strangle the Soviet Republic of Russia and thus kill all revolutionary 
aspirations of the workers of the world. 

"To make the world safe for democracy" was the slogan given to 
allied imperialism to cover up the real nature of its death grip with the 
imperialism of the central powers, by Woodrow Wilson. Today this 
slogan serves as a cloak to cover up the services of international men- 
shevism for international capital. Dame democracy is passed off to the 
workers as a virtuous fairy ready to use her magic rod to assist the 
workers in their struggle for their birthright. But over five years of 
post-war reign of this fairy have given millions of workers the world 
over the chance to see her stripped of all her deceptive raiments. They 
know her now in the naked ugliness of a shameless prostitute for the 
ruling capitalist class. 

These workers have experienced the strikebreaking and union de- 
stroying activities of American democracy. They have witnessed how 
the new-born German democracy fed its starving workers with bullets. 
They have heard the appealing cries of their Polish brothers tortured 
in the goals of Polish democracy; peremptorily they ask of Citizen 
Abramovich: You who are so solicitous for the welfare of your coun 
ter-revolutionary "socialist" brothers in Soviet Russia, you who defend 
capitalist democracy against a proletarian dictatorship, why do you not 
demand the release of the thousands of revolutionary workers languish- 


trig in the prisons of Germany? Why do you and your Second Interna- 
tional comrades not raise your voices in protest against the cruel tor- 
ments inflicted on the thousands of revolutionary workers in Poland 7 
Why don't the mass murders committed by the Bulgarian government 
against the workers and peasants of that country inspire you to at 
least a feeble remonstrance? Why, Citizen Abramovich, cannot the 
streams of proletarian blood shed by the Roumanian bourgeoisie, by the 
unspeakable Horthy government, by the lumpenproletarian murder 
bands of Mussolini, why do not all these cold-blooded and murderous 
campaigns against the international proletariat create a sign of shame 
in your face for your contemptible role as a defender of that sys f em? 

There is only one answer possible: 

Because the defense of democracy by Citizen .Abramovich is only a 
gesture used to hide his bitter hatred for everything proletarian; be- 
cause his plea for his "socialist" brothers in the "Red hells" of Soviet 
Russia is a conscious appeal in behalf of the bitterest enemies of the 
working class; because he is a representative of the bourgeoisie fight- 
ing against the interests and aspirations of the workers. 

His sympathies for democracy have their roots in his clear under- 
standing of the role of democracy as the last line of defense of capi- 
talism. He fights in the trench of democracy as a defender of the old 
order — capitalism — and as an enemy of the new order — Communism. 



While Abramovich, arm in arm with Noske, Hillquit, Basczinski 
and MacDonald try to incense the workers of the world against the 
"tortures" that their counter revolutionary "Socialist" brothers "suffer" 
in the "Red Hells H of Soviet Russia, these Socialist prisoners, all of 
them betrayers of the cause of the workers and peasants, sit on the 
lake of the Monastery of Solovetzk fishing, or sit in the spacious rooms 
of the Monastery of Susdal enjoying classical literature. 

But in the meantime there are six thousand revolutionary work- 
ers and peasants in the clutches of bloody bourgeois justice in Poland. 
During the last year the Polish bourgeoisie executed 109 political 
prisoners at the rate of more than two a week. Lawyers who dare 
to defend Communists are imprisoned. In the gaols of Borislaw the 
brutalities of the police resulted in the death of three workers in 
short succession. In the dungeons of Bielostok the manhandling of 
proletarian prisoners is the daily pastime of inhuman jailers. The 
beastialities of Polish democracy make insignificant even the most 
exquisite cruelties of medieval chambers of horror. In Lodz the mili- 
tary authorities tortured the 19 year old worker, Engel, to death. Then 
they sentenced him to be shot and carried the sentence into effect on 
the dead body. Membership in the Communist Party is punished by 
that "democracy" irrespective of the age or health of culprit with im- 
prisonment of j-Our to twelve y T ears. Happy are those who can find 
release from the torments of prison life thru a benevolent death. In 
Warsaw the police arrested the worker Kalinowski. No charge could 


je lodged against him. He was beaten until his bowels burst and 
death released him from the hands of his torturers. 

"Kurjer Wetschernij" a bourgeois newspaper in Lodz contains the 
following item: 


4i During the last days the people living around the jail are in a 
terrible state of anxiety. Day and night there emerge from the jail 
groans and cries of pain, that drive a shudder down the backs of those 
that pass. The jail is surrounded day and night by a ring of police on 
horseback and on foot. This morning the people living in the vicinity 
of the jail were awakened by horrible cries. But that was only the 
prelude to what followed. Thru the gates of the prison there were 
dragged from ten to twenty people who had lost even the semblance 
of humans, starved and half dead creatures. Coarse commands of the 
police, the noise of auto trucks, stamping of horses hoofs, cries of 
horror and pain— all this created the impression of indescribable helL 
The finale of the episode came when the truck with the prisoners on 
board began to hurry away. A plainly clothed working woman cried 
out: 'My son!* and threw herself under the wheels of the truck. 

"Unwillingly one was reminded of the czarist 'Kibitkr surrounded 
by Cossacks which drove thousands of humans to Siberia/' 

Here is the description of White Hell in Poland, taken from a 
bourgeois source, Abramovich and his friends, Noske, Hillquit, Van- 
dervelde, and others join hands for the relief of the sufferings of the 
five hundred inmates of the "Red Hells" of Soviet Russia who them- 
selves say that they pass their time by fishing and studying. But they 
do not hear the cries of the six thousand Polish proletarians and peas- 
ants, starved, tortured and murdered in the prisons of capitalist demo- 
cracy in Poland. 

Why should they hear these cries? 

In Poland their counter-revolutionary Socialist brothers were vic- 
torious. Against the conditions in Poland the Abramoviches find no 
reasons to complain. In Poland it is not the workers who, in just rage, 
imprisoned socialist lackeys of imperialism, the Pilsudskis and Dasezin- 
sky; but it is the Pilsudskis and Dasczinskies who jail, torture and 
murder the thousands of workers, so that the profits of their capitalist 
masters may go on unimpaired. 


In Bulgaria Dame democracy so valiantly defended by the Abramo- 
viches celebrates her greatest triumphs. After the regularly established 
and according to all the rules of the democratic game elected govern- 
ment of Stambulitski was overthrown by a military coup an impre- 
cedent reign of terror was inaugurated. As if desiring to show up 
democracy in all its mockery the bloody tool of the Bulgarian bourge- 
oisie, Zankow, ordered new elections. Over them the invisible arm 
of, the assassin, surrounded by the bayonets ofi a drunken soldiery the 
people of Bulgaria were permitted to vote^for Zankow and his accom- 


The leaders of the peasants' party whose government was over- 
thrown by the coup of Zankow were practically wiped out thru a 
campaign of murder. The leaders of the Communist Party are as- 
sassinated in broad daylight in the streets by the hired murderers of 

Small Bulgaria can count about 23,000 victims of democracy. Thou- 
sands, fell under the daggers of assassins. Alone in one day, on Sep- 
tember 13, 1924, a sort of Bulgarian St. Bartholomew, there were mur- 
dered thruout Bulgaria 400 workers and peasants. 

In October last year there were murdered alone in the town of 
Samokcff, 17 workers. On July 12th, the hired assassins of Zankow 
murdered and mutilated the bodies of Ivan Raganoff, a Communist 
in the village of Salonowzi, his wife and three children. 

Thousand languish in prison. Lately the "democratic" government 
of Zankow gave orders that wherever the police notices any as- 
sembly of crowds they must shoot without warning. 

Why do not Abramovich and his comrades of the Second Inter- 
national, the Hillquits, the Noskes . and the MacDonalds, raise their 
voices in protest against the orgies of blood revelled in by the Bul- 
garian bourgeoisie, with the workers and poor peasants as victims? 

Because their Second International socialist brothers in Bulgar" 
are working hand in glove with the murderous Zankow. Because the 
bourgeoisie is triumphant in Bulgaria, and the Abramoviches have no 
fault to find with mass incarcerations, with torture and murder as long 
as "only" workers and poor peasants are the victims, and as long as the 
profit mills of capitalism are not interfered with in their daily grind. 

The Baltic States. 

Democracy is the middle name of the Baltic states. Democracy was 
the mother and self-determination the father of these political creations. 
Aside from these legitimate parents, however, there were a number of il- 
legitimate but more potent ones. There was first the Second International 
and its Finnish, Esthonian, Lettish and Lithuanian subdivisions; then 
there was the bloody conquest of General Mannerheim and last but not 
least there was the German imperial General von der Goltz, The Baltic 
states prove worthy of their parentage. To be a worker there is a crime. 
To be a Communist worker is the major crime punishable, if at all pos* 
sible, with death. Jan Tpmp, -chairman of the Esthonian Federation of 
Labor Unions was sentenced to death and shot on the spot for "insult 
ing" the court because he answered the demand to enter a plea by saying, 
"Before a court of the government of the scoundrelly Esthonian. bour- 
geoisie I plead not guility." 

Together with this victim of Esthonian bourgeois democracy there 
stood before the court 149 workers, all members of labor unions accused 
of having passed resolutions and holding views inimical to the interestr 
of the government of the Esthonian bourgeoisie. Of the accused, 39 were 
sentenced to life imprisonment, 28 to fifteen years in the penitentiary, sii: 
to twelve years, 19 to ten years, five to eight years, 15 to six years, and 
16 to four years imprisonment. In the face of this monstrous perversior 
of justice the workers of Esthonia, who found themselves robbed of their 


most, trusted leaders, went on strike and rebelled, Aided by the Eston- 
ian socialists of the Second International, brothers of Abramovich, Hill- 
quit and Longuet, the Esthonian bourgeoisie established martial law. 
This makes it possible now for them to shoot the workers wholesale even 
without the formality of a farcical trial. In Revai alone, there were shot 
in a single day 26 workers. 

Where is Abramovich with his vigorous protest? 

An an accomplice of the Esthonian socialists he acquiesces and abetr 
in these crimes and tries to draw the eyes of an indignant international 
proletariat from this picture of bloody treachery and persecution by rais- 
ing the cry of "Red Hells" in Soviet Russia, 

In Finland labor unions are outlawed. Communist deputies whose 
immunity is guaranteed by Dame Democracy were arrested out of the 
legislative halls and were sentenced to barbarous prison terms. 

Twelve hundred workers, mostly Communists, are crowded into Fin- 
nish prisons and point with their accusing fingers to the Finnish social 
democratic friends of Abramovich. And Abramovich bows his head- 
not in shame but — nodding assent to the betrayal of the Finnish workers 
by the socialists. With the Finnish "socialist" traitors Abramovich wants 
to save the profits of the Finnish bourgeoisie. 

In Letland and Lithuania almost every form of labor organization is 
outlawed. To be a Communist is worth, from six to eight years imprison- 
ment. Workers are arrested, kept in prison and tortured for months, al- 
tho no charge is placed again^L them and finally they must be released 
"tor lack of evidence." 

Abramovich has no fault to find with his social democratic friends 
who participate in the Lettish government and in the persecution, im- 
prisonment, and torture of workers and poor peasants. He finds that 
perfectly in order because it is necessary to save capitalist rule from its 


In 1918, inspired by the glorious example of their Russian brothers 
the German workers arose. Thus they made it impossible for their im- 
perialist masters to continue the war. They sent the meglomaniac, who 
called himself emperor on the road to exile. Workers' councils sprang 
up all over the empire and challenged the right of existence of the old 
order. Capitalism was demoralized ; its old leaders were fleeing from the 
country; the army was unreliable; the navy revolted; the very founda- 
tion of the system was tottering; capitalism seemed doomed. 

But at the eleventh hour a savior appeared on the scene. No outside 
force could save capitalism. Only treachery within the ranks of the pro- 
letarian army could accomplish the seemingly impossible task. That 
treachery happened and became the most unprecendented event in his- 
tory. The* social democrats took leadership over the Soviets and used 
them as pacifiers instead of as instruments of proletarian struggle. They 
induced the masses to lose their precious time in hopeful waiting and 
secretly organized discharged army officers into armed units to resur- 
rect the powers of capitalism. This task completed, they refused to 
recognize the status quo of virtual workers' power, ordered a plebecite 


and then, as true lackej^s of the bourgeoisie put the power back into the 
hands of the bankrupt capitalist class. The bourgeoisie showed its ap- 
preciation of this monstrous treachery by accepting the chairman of the 
social democratic party, Ebert, as president and the Scheidemanns and 
Noskes as ministers of state for the new-born damocratic republic. 

When the workers awakened from their short dream and the mon- 
strosity of the social democratic treachery dawned upon them they found 
themselves confronted by the newly organized pretorian guards of the 
old order and the German proletariat paid with rivers of blood for its 
mistake of ever having trusted to menshevism. Noske revelled in the 
role of a German Gallifet. By his orders and with the acquxescense el- 
even active participation of all the leaders of his party the revolutionary 
leaders of the German proletariat were assassinated. Workers were 
killed wholesale, fifteen thousand in all. Every attempt of the proletar- 
iat to take a stand against the rapidly progressing enslavement of the 
German workers was drowned in workers' blood. Every capitalist and 
monarchist coup was unresisted. The social democrats answered only 
with a knowing augur's wink, when Kurt Eisner, the proletarian pre- 
mier of Bavaria was assassinated by the monarchist Count Arco Valley. 
The leader of the social democrats of Bavaria, Auer, sent to the murderer 
a bunch of roses in appreciation. 

Today nearly ten thousand workers suffer in the prisons of Germany. 
During the years 1919-1920, two hundred and fourteen assassinations 
were carried out by monarchists and nationalists. During the same 
period 13 killings could be laid at the door of the revolutionary workers. 
The 214 nationalist* murders were punished by a total of 31 years and six 
months imprisonment; one, the murderer of Kurt Eisner, was senteieed 
to life imprisonment but was pardoned after he had served one year. 
^For the 13 killed by revolutionary workers, eight were executed and 
176 years and 10 months imprisonment were meted out. That is "dem- 
ocratic" justice. 

The conspirators of the monarchist Kapputsch strut about the country 
their breasts covered with imperial decorations. They are hailed as the 
great men of the country. But hungry workers demanding bread are 
pitilessly dealt with as enemies of the state. 

Where are the protests of Abramovich and his friends? The Hillquits 
and MacDonalds, the Longuets and Turatis sit at one table with Noske, 
the murderer; they, belong by choice to one organization with them and 
with Ebert and find no word of protest against the outrages committed 
against the revolutionary workers in Germany. Their hearts are with 
the defeated counter-revolutionists in Solovetzk and SusdaL The Ger- 
man workers may suffer;' they may bleed, starve and die, As long as 
capitalism lives, these "socialists" find no reasons to complain. 

The United States, 
American democracy is the classical form of that guise of capitalist 
dictatorship. It is said that in the United States the "rights of men'* are 
deeply rooted in the fundamental laws of the land, The constitutional 
right of free speech is unquestioned, yes, as long as one keeps one's 
mouth shut. But even if one should be imprudent enough to say some- 


thing not approved by the "democratic" authorities, he need not fear for 
his life. About ten years imprisonment is all he would get. 

These "rights 7 ' inspire the American breed of - mensheviks, the Hill- 
quits, to the enthusiastic pledge made in Albany in 1920 that they would 
unhesitatingly defend these rights if those terrible Russian bolshevists 
would dare to attack them. 

American democracy accusingly speaks of the undemocratic charac- 
ter of the Soviets and American mensheviks write the tune to this music. 
They are instrumental in the importation of Abramovich and while this 
gentleman recites the "sufferings" of the "unhappy politicals' 1 in Soviet 
liussia the Hillquits and Cahans stand by in an attitude of deep mourning. 

But in the meantime American democracy runs amuck- It sends 
Ruthenberg, the executive secretary of the Workers (Communist) Party 
to the penitentiary for five years for the crime of having "assembled 
with" Communists. It contemplates sending Foster, Minor and thirty 
others to prison for the same crime. It condemns the Mexican revolu- 
tionist Magon to a slow death in the dungeons of a federal prison. It 
keeps Mooney and Billings in jail tho their innocence has been estab- 
Isned beyond a doubt It sent them into prison for bomb throwing— it 
keeps them there for their activities in the labor movement. 

These kind of "politicals 7 * are a specialty of American democracy. The 
frameup system is developed to a science. Sacco and Vanzetti, Jacob 
Dolla, Mooney, Billings, all of them victims of that system. The mur- 
derous judicial farce of Centralia, Ford and Suhr, Rangel and Cline, kept 
in prison by profit hungry plutocracy, the actual murder of Salseda by 
department of justice agents in New York, Communists sentenced in Cal- 
ifornia and in New York, in Michigan and in Pennsylvania, persecution, 
mistreatment of prisoners, all these the unmistakable symptoms of the 
true character of American democracy as a capitalist dictatorship. 

Why does the International of menshevism not protest against these 
orgies of persecution of proletarian fighters? Because its mission is not 
to weaken the regime of capitalism with a proletarian struggle against 
persecution of revolutionary workers, or for amnesty of political pris- 
oners. Its mission is rather to battle against the workers everywhere 
and against Soviet Russia in particular, and to this end they raise the 
false cry of the "Red Hells" of the U. S. & R- 


The Horthy government of Hungary shocked the world with its 
bloody deeds, So horrible were its crimes that even the international 
of menshevism found it necessary to make a public gesture and, thru the 
Amsterdam International, declared a boycott against Hungary, A grace- 
ful gesture, but at the very time when this gesture was made hy interna- 
tional menshevism the Hungarian mensheviks made a written agreement 
signed and sealed with the same Horthy government pledging their sup- 
port. In this pact signed in the name of the socialists of Hungary by 
Karl Payer, Stephan Farkas, Franc Miakits and Alexander Popper, the 
Hungarian mensheviks promised not to make any republican propaganda, 
not to lead strikes, not to organize the agrarian proletariat, and to sup- 
port the internal and foreign policies of the Horthy government. 


Where is Citizen Abramovich with his protest? Here not only 500 
"socialists" are interned, but the whole working class of Hungary is be- 
trayed and sold out. And the Judases that perpetrated the dastardly deed 
are the leaders of the Hungarian social-democrats, are the men with 
whom Abrainovich and Hillquit join hands to wail and whine about the 
500 "politicals" in Soviet Russia. ; 

There is rot a knavery that was committed against the proletariat 
in the last ten years in which the leaders of the Second International, the 
mensheviks of all the countries of the world did not take a leading part. 
From the first of August, 1924, to this very hour there leads a long road 
of misery, suffering, starvation and death for the workers of the world. 
On both sides of this road the bodies of proletarian victims are piled u 
sky high We find the millions slaughtered in imperialist war; we find 
the victims of counter-revolution, of reaction, of fascism; we find the 
bodies of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht; we find hecatombs of 
victims of white terror; we find the goals of international capitalism 
crowded to the bursting point with fighters for the cause of the prole- 
tariat. And bebind these endless rows of victims of imperialism we 
see the ugly grin of international menshevism, the most active agent of 
the tormentors of the international proletariat. We see them busily en- 
gaged extending this via Dolorosa of the workers. We see them pledged 
to sustain capitalism. We see them shed the blood of new and number- 
less victims because these most treacherous lackeys of the bourgeoisie 
know that capitalism can only be maintained at the cost of more and 
ever more proletarian blood. 

And when representatives of these arch-traitors, when the Abarmo- 
viches and Hillquits appear before us and try to play on our pity by 
pointing to the "Red Hells" of Soviet Russia then we join with the 
masses of the workers of the world in one thunderous accusation: 

* * * * 
Convinced by the experiences of the history of the last ten years of 
the treason of international social democracy, the workers learn to shun 
the advice of the Abramoviches and Hillquits. They begin to answer the 
propaganda of menshevism against the Soviets of the workers and peas- 
ants of Russia by the insistent demand of recognition of Soviet Russia, 
They learned to struggle for the defeat of capitalism and its lackeys, the 
social democrats, by following the leadership of the Workers (Commun 
its) Party. 



:.§ Of great interest and importance to the entire labor movement 1 

= f}lJ-° the militants in particular is the - establishment of THE = 

= LITTLE RED LIBRARY. There has been a long-felt need for the 1 

g publication of the classical and current literature of the revolution- = 

g ary movement in some handy and economical form. = 

= 1, T ^ E L,TTLE RED LIBRARY will fulHU this need. For in it will I 

= be published reprints of the best revolutionary writings and also = 

= new works of members of the American and International move- § 

= ment which merit publication in permanent form. = 

= The only limitations placed on THE LITTLE RED LIBRARY 1 

^ fffi, , ose ,?/. Si2e and reactionary nature. Subject matters will g 

S include politics, social and industrial questions, history, philosophy = 

= fiction, poetry, art and a host of others. 1 

1 kv yolwmes of the library will be uniform in size (4% inches by = 
1 7 cents each *" PrI ° e ' *° C<3ntS e&Ch ' 12 f ° r $1 -°°' to agents I 

1 ^i. " ri smal manuscripts, translations and suggestion for reprints I 
S will be welcomed by the publishers. For the time being mami- = 
| scripts must be limited to 15,000 to 30,000 words. f 

Ready February 15th 5 

j Numbers 1 and 2 of the | 


! ' r™ 1 ' J R n DE UNI0NS IN AMERICA, by William Z. Foster, 1 

= it£etM ^ n "on f and Earl R. Browder. A brief and instructive I 

= K™ * tl ? ade umon movem ent in America followed by a = 

= iZ Z °f development of the left wing and an explanation of s 

| the structure and program of the Trade Union Educational League | 


= R. Browder. A study of labor banks, the B. & O. plan, insurance = 

E schemes and workers' education. This little book throws the spot- = 

s light on the methods used by the labor bureaucracy to divert the 3 

| working class from militant struggle against capitalism. 1 

| Price 10 cents a copy, 12 copies for $1.00, postpaid. To agents = 

| anll^rplf^S ZT ^ Wh6n reCeiV6d thr ° Ugh 1 


| 1113 W. Washington Blvd., =§ 

| Chicago, I1I M U. S. A, S 

an,,il,lin,J ' limi,mi,ll «