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Full text of "COMBINED PARLOR AND KITCHEN FIREPLACE - United States Patent 655"

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Specification, of Letters Patent No. 655, dated March 24, 1838.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, John Hagerty, of the city and county of 
Monroe, in the State of Michigan, have invented, constructed, 
made, and applied to use a new and useful Improvement in Combined 
Parlor and Kitchen Fireplaces, specified in the words and figures 

This fireplace, with its chimney is built mostly of bricks in 
nearly the common external form, but the internal structure,, and 
the form of the jamb are essential improvements in the mode of 
building fire places and chimneys; when constructed for- cooking 
purposes, the chimney is built in such a form, and the cooking 
utensils are placed in the chimney in such a manner, that the 
cooking room is not heated and the quantity of fuel ordinarily 
used for cooking is essentially diminished, the dishes used in 
cooking are also perfectly secure from the admission of any 
foreign substance during the process of cooking or heating; the 
parlor fire place in this chimney unites superior elegance and 
convenience, with a capacity of imparting from a cheerful fire a 
great quantity of heat to the room with a small quantity of- 
fuel,, or if desired of admitting the sliding dampers to be 
closed so as to diminish the temperature of the room at pleasure. 
The chimney is built with a fire place and flues and air openings 
&c. On one side and on the opposite side are the cooking 
utensils, boilers, bakers, &c., so located that the cooking is 
done in a different room, from that in which the fire place is 
located and the fuel communicated to the fire chambers under the 
cooking apparatus; the front view of the kitchen fire place, as 
seen from the room not used for cooking; also the front view of 
the parlor fire-place with the dampers closed, may be seen in 
plate No. 1;; also in plate No. 2 with the dampers open excepting 
the damper closing the center feeder. In kitchen fire-place 
designated by Figure 1, which is closed, plate No. 3 represents 
the front view of the rear or cooking part of the chimney as seen 
from the room used for cooking.

Fig. 1 is a front view of the same side with the cooking utensils 
all in their places as used in cooking; Fig. 2 represents a view 
of the same with the bakers, boilers, and cooking utensils 

The boilers, bakers, &c., being about � feet from the hearth or 
kitchen floor plate No. 4, Fig. 1 represents a ground plan of the 
kitchen fire-place and internal structure of the chimney at the 
base the open spaces Fig. 3 on the spaces between the brick walls 
below the fire grate the spaces designated by Fig. 4 are air 
openings leading from fire place ! designated by Fig. 5. Two of 
these air openings may be in the front of jambs from fire place 
or from the room as designated by red lines as in the plate.

Fig. 2, shows the form of the internal structure of the chimney 
with the external wall fronting the cooking room taken off.

Plate No. 5 represents the chimney or an internal section as 
divided from front to rear exposing one- tier of boilers and the 
direction of the flues, the flue leading from � under the 
boilers, &c., is designated by Fig. 7 from fine place by Fig., 8.

Plate No. 6, Fig. 3 represents the plan of a parlor or 
sitting-room fire place in the upper story but may as well be on 
the ground story with a slight variation. This designates a view 
of the ground plan of parlor fire-place which is closed by 
sliding dampers that may slide with the jambs as far forward as 
the bar represented in Fig. 7 as seen in plate Nos. 1 and 2.

The chimney with a fire-place and fire-chamber and cooking 
apparatus on the opposite side of chimney is built in the form 
designated by plates; No. 4,. Fig. 1, of brick walls, the height 
of from 4 to 6 inches when the walls are carried over the air 
openings designated by Fig. 4 in closing air flues or openings 
for giving a draft to the fire, in which form the chimney is 
built upward about 2� feet leaving the spaces designated by Fig. 
3 for fire chambers or furnaces which have iron grates across 
them about one and one half or two feet from the hearth; these 
grates are designated in plate No. 4 Fig. 2 by Fig. 6, where the 
internal form of these are seen at full length. At this distance 
from the hearth and about 8 inches above the said grates into the 
front or fire place side of the chimney spaces or openings are 
left communicating with the said fire chamber above the said 
grates about 8 inches in width for the purpose of putting fuel on 
the said grates which spaces have two iron bars or plates 
inserted one at the lower part of the openings or spaces thus 
left the other at the opposite part of the same with grooves in 
them into which sliding dampers of cast iron are fixed of , the 
same length each as the spaces or fire chambers are in width so 
that the openings or spaces thus leading into the fire chambers 
above the grates may be opened or closed at pleasure, which are 
constructed for the purpose of putting in coal and other fuel 
into the fire chambers for heating the cooking apparatus above 
the said grates, a front view of which may be seen in plate No. 2 
Figs. 5 and 6, also in plate No. 1, Fig. 2.

The iron bars or plates designated in plate No. 1 by Fig. 9, in 
other respects the chimney, is constructed to the upper side of 
the said space in the form presented in the ground plan 
presenting the partitions between the fire chambers.

On a plane perpendicular with the rear side of the chimney and 
resting on a plane horizontal with the upper surface of the said 
upper bar is a cast-iron plate extending nearly the whole width 
of the rear part of the chimney being about two feet in width 
with apertures or spaces for the admission of boilers and 
cylindrical rotary bakers. The boilers to slide (on rollers or 
otherwise) into the chimney through the said plate on groove in 
iron bars which are built into the partition walls between the 
said fire chambers at distances to correspond with the required 
size of the boilers the said bar having a space turned up at each 
end forming a knee that at one end intended to match firmly into 
the wall, that on the other to turn up at the surface of the wall 
for the purpose of having the said iron plate fastened to the 
same by a screw. The form of which bar may be seen in plate No. 5 
Fig. 12, Fig. 13, being the outer end to which the said plate is 
fastened. The boilers are located over the fire chamber in rear 
of the said fire place entering through the said plate in the 
manner of drawers to be slid on the groove of the said bars or on 
rollers at pleasure; over the two boilers that are inserted over 
each chamber there is a steamer, from the top of this steamer 
there is continued upward a steam flue that communicates with the 
main flue after making an angle in the wall of the chimney so as 
to prevent the soot from falling into the same. There are two 
cylindrical rotary bakers to be used either for baking or frying 
located in rear of each end of the said plate directly over the 
fire chamber in rear of the jambs furnished with slides and 
dampers, &c. The said boilers are shorter than the width of the 
fire chambers so as to allow a space for the passage of the smoke 
in rear of them next the back of the chimney fire-place a front 
view of which may be seen in plate No. 6, Fig. 1.

Figs. 4 and 5 and 6 represent the ends of the boilers slid into 
the chimney like drivers over the fire chamber with brass knobs 
on them; Fig. 3 designates the end view of the rotary bakers with 
slides in them which may be withdrawn to suit the convenience of 
the cook having brass knobs on them for this purpose any number 
of the slides in the baker may be withdrawn and dampers used to 
close the mouth of the same if much room be required in baking.

Fig. 7 represents the ends of gudgeons to which a crank may be 
fixed to revolve the cog-wheel located below the said cylindrical 
baker to revolve the same when desired.

Fig. 2 represents the space in the said cast iron plate and 
chimney for the said boilers and cylindrical bakers; Fig. 8 
represents the crank that is to be used in revolving the said 
cylinder, Fig. 7 the brick wall below the said plate on the 
cooking or rear side of the chimney; above the plate the chimney 
is continued a small distance, having a small flue above the 
boilers as in Fig. 11; when the flue from the fireplace and the 
fire chambers are united as seen in plate No. 5 Figs. 7 and 8, 
above which the walls of the chimney are contained in the usual 
form (the fire-place flue having been built at the top in the 
common mode) at a convenient distance to unite the chambers under 
the said cylinders, when the said flues are united with the 
common flue, the flue leading from the said chambers being 
designated in plate No. 4 Fig. 2 by Fig. 8 and the common flue by 
Fig. 7.

A parlor or sitting room fire place is constructed mainly of 
bricks a ground view of which may be seen in plate No. 6 Fig. 3 
with a flue in rear of the same as built in an upper story Fig. 
7. An iron bar laid level with the upper surface of the hearth 
with a groove in the upper side the space designated by Fig. 6 
represents the form of the fire place which is built up in this 
form with two perpendicular iron bars at each angle of the jambs 
laid into the wall the form of which is designated in said plate 
by Fig. 8. The said bars are placed a small distance apart to 
admit sliding dampers between them into the wall of the jamb the 
chimney is thus (the back being at right angle with the jamb 
until the bevel commences at the said upright iron bars) built up 
about 6 inches where a horizontal bar of iron similar to the 
first mentioned with a groove on both sides is laid parallel with 
the same, both of said bars extending into the jamb half the 
distance of the width of the fire place to admit sliding dampers 
which are to occupy the space between these bars and a space is 
left in the chimney walls of the jamb for the purpose; on a level 
with the last mentioned horizontal cast iron bar a horizontal 
cast iron grate is laid over the whole area of fire place of the 
form seen in Fig. 2, whence the chimney is carried up about four 
inches to another horizontal bar with a groove on both sides 
parallel with the last mentioned connected with the same by small 
iron bars thus forming a perpendicular upright grate four inches 
high and the space thus left between the said last mentioned bars 
may be closed with sliding dampers as those below, the chimney is 
from thence carried up to the mantletry leaving in the jamb 
spaces between the said perpendicular bars for sliding in dampers 
the mantletry is a bar of iron carried round the two ends of the 
chimney so as to strengthen the wall where the space is left for 
the damper to slide with it; from this mantletry on the front 
wall above on the inside an iron plate is fixed inclined to 
conform with the inside of the wall of the chimney in front of 
the flue this plate is sufficiently wide to extend to the rear of 
the front perpendicular iron bar directly back of this an iron 
bar is laid into the wall parallel with the back side of the same 
leaving a space or gutter corresponding with that between the 
upright perpendicular bars two sliding dampers are intended to be 
supported at the top by entering the space thus left between the 
said last mentioned plate and bar and at the bottom resting on 
the upper groove of this groove in the bar above the upright 
grate these sliding dampers may be slid into the spaces left in 
the jambs between the two upright iron bars or withdrawn so as to 
allow the fire light into the room, above this the flue and 
chimney is built in the common form.

The form of the boiler and the steamer and baking pans and a 
sliding grate may be seen in plate No. 5, Fig. 1, is a large 
sliding boiler to be the lower one as seen in plate No. 3 Fig. 2, 
the boilers to be inserted or withdrawn at pleasure above the 
first in manner represented in plate No. 3 Fig. 5 Fig. 3 
represents a steamer to be placed above the other two first 
described boilers as in plate No. 3, Fig. 6.

Fig. 10, represents the slides to be in the cylindrical bakers as 
seen in plate No. 3 Fig. 3. One of them being a sliding grate to 
suspend any article on if desired in the baking when the slides 
are all in the cylinders the same are completely closed but if 
the insertion of all of them would make the shelves too thick for 
the convenience of the cook any portion of them may be withdrawn 
and the mouth of baker closed with dampers; the cylinders may be 
made of iron of copper but cast iron is preferable the slides are 
made of cast iron.

The improvement claimed by the said John Hagerty as his own 
invention consists�

1. The location of the flues (used in cooking) in the interior of 
the chimney directly under the boiler or baker required to be 
heated, in the manner herein represented; the advantages of which 
are that no other part of the chimney is heated but that under 
the particular vessel required in cooking and unless desired none 
or very little heat is imparted to the room, that very little 
fuel is used in cooking.

2. The location of the cooking utensil; which at a convenient 
height slide on rollers or in grooves into the chimney and occupy 
very little space in the room and the cylinders used for baking 
and frying have drawers in them so that any form may be given to 
the interior of the baking vessel at pleasure by withdrawing any 
portion of the slides or baking pans; and the said baker may be 
opened at the mouth and any one of the pans used for frying and 
for the purpose of heating the upper surface of the pan used for 
frying the oven may be revolved at pleasure also for the purpose 
of imparting a uniform heat to the baker; which revolution of the 
oven I do not claim as of my invention, further than as combined 
in my apparatus.

3. The manner of constructing the air opening into the back of 
the chimney for giving a draft, and adding fuel to the fires used 
for heating the cooking apparatus.

In testimony that the above is a true specification of my said 
improvement as above described I have hereto set my hand the 
twenty-ninth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and thirty seven.


Witnesses: Franklin Johnson, Albow Bennett.