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Full text of "CONSTRUCTING CANAL-BOATS FOR CONVEYING THE HORSES BY WHICH THEY ARE TOWED - United States Patent 676"

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JNO. H. LONG, OF LEWISTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA.

CONSTRUCTION OF CANAL-BOATS FOR CONVEYING THE HORSES BY WHICH 
THEY ARE TOWED.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 676, dated April 5, 1838.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, John H. Long, of Lewistown, in the county of 
Mifflin and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful 
improvement in the construction of canal-boats for conveying the 
horses by which they are towed in order to have one or more of 
them at rest or at feed on board while one or more are towing, 
which is described as follows, reference being had to the annexed 
drawings of the same, making part of this specification.

The nature of this improvement consists in partitioning off a 
space about the middle of the boat, on either side, forming a 
stall or crib of suitable length and breadth to receive the 
horses, extending from the deck of the cabin to the bottom of the 
boat in which is suspended from the upper deck a platform by 
blocks and tackle for sustaining the horses and for lowering them 
to the bottom of the boat when taken on board and raised to the 
gunwale when they are to be removed�said stall being furnished 
with a rack and trough and every article necessary for the 
accommodation of the horses�and the platform ledged around its 
edges and made water tight to prevent any dirt or filth escaping 
over or through it to the bottom.

A, Figure 1, represents the boat. B, the upper deck to which the 
platform is suspended. C, the gunwale of the boat. D, Fig. 2 the 
platform upon which the horses are sustained. E, the blocks and 
tackle for raising and lowering the platform.

In order to put the horses on board the platform must be raised 
to the gunwale of the boat by drawing the ends of the ropes F, by 
horse or manual power. The horses then step upon the platform, 
which is lowered with the horses to the bottom of the boat. This 
operation may be performed while the boat is in the lock or in 
any other convenient situation�thus requiring no additional time 
for change of horses. When the horses are to be changed the 
platform is again raised in the manner before described while the 
boat is in the lock or in any convenient changing place and the 
horses step from the platform on shore and other horses take 
their places, on the platform.

By this arrangement an individual owning only two, four, or six 
horses can compete with another having many horses stationed on a 
line of canal. Besides, having his stable on boar�his horses 
always under his eye�ready for quick changing which can be 
performed in the night as well as the day enabling the boat to 
travel without cessation night and day. Avoiding the necessity of 
having many horses and attendants stationed on the line who are 
not always in readiness�the danger of a want of horses, on the 
arrival of several boats at a changing place�the neglect of the 
horses by the attendants�irregularity of movement great expense, 
&c. Besides requiring very little room for the horses and 
subjecting them to less inconvenience from the jar of the boat by 
the central position of the stall less movement being at the 
center than at the ends.

What I claim as my invention and which I desire to secure by 
Letters Patent consists in�

The before described construction of the stall in combination 
with the suspended platform in canal boats for conveying the 
horses by which they are towed, so as to have one or more of them 
at rest on board while the others are towing.

JOHN H. LONG.

Witnesses: Wm. P. Elliot, Edmund Maher.