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Full text of "Voitinskii_short_biography"

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PETERSBURG COUNCIL OF THE UNEMPLOYED ■ 


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VLADIMIR S.VOITINSKY 1 


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The RUSSIAN INSTITUTE of Columbia University 
sponsors the Studies of the Russian Ins t itute 
and the Occasional Fape rs in the "belTef that 
their publication contriubtes to scholarly 
research and public understanding. In this 
way the Institute, while not necessarily en- 
dorsing their conclusions, is pleased to make 
available the results of some of the resear'ch 
conducted under its auspices. A list of both 
series appears at the back of the book. 

The original manuscript is deposited in the 
Department of Special Collections, Butler 
Library, Columbia University 



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Copyright © 1969 
rustees of Columbia University 
in the City of New York 
L. C. Card: 69-173^9 



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TyraH-^apaHOBCKMR npMHfljr aBTopa~r*iMHa3HCTa 3a npo<|)eccopa 

nOJJMT>ReCKOtt 3KOHOMMKM. yjIMBMJiea, MTO H6 BMAajf'" 'eTo neiaTHHX 

TpyflOB m cnpaBHJica, rue MMeHHO oh npenoaaBaji. y3HaB, ito 
KHura Owjia HanMcana rnMHa3MCTOM, oh nocJian ee csoeMy M3flaTe~ 
Jinn cHaCzuui ee cbomm npezmcJioBMeM, b kotopom ne ynoMMHaeT 
BospacTa.aBTopa khh™ m Tp&irrytyi- hvo, k8lk apenoro dkoho- 

MHCT a . ^ ) . . .#.;■ 

3 -) FHHQK M J-IEBH. Teopua OoxpcdiieHMfl, fiJHKa m Phho^hmx lien, 
c ripeflMCJioBMeM M.M. Tyran-BapaHOBCKoro, (CM.npozi.Ha cJr.cTp.) 



ZQ 



TIocTynMB b yHMBepcKTeT 6ceHB» 1904 roaa B.C.BoRtmhckmR 
3anMcajtca b cescwsap npod>. B.CBHTJioBCKoro, rae cKopo CTaji 
MssecTeH KaK "MapKCMCToefl". Oh (5h^ ctopohhmkom ncMXOJiorvwe- 
CKott TeopKw qeHHocTM, m co Bceft 3Heprnefi 3amMmaji ee npoTWB 
cnaioMeHHoft a-raww yHMBepcMTeTcwoc MapiccHCTOB, oOBMHaBnMx ero 
s Me«Ko-«yparya3Hkix sarjiaaax - no^tTH ^to ocKopdMTeJiBHoe o6bm- 
HeHMe no Tew s-peMeaaM. Eme /to noaBJieHMa b neiaTH ero KHHrn 
o TeopMM noTpedJieHMH, oh H&neiaTaji cbob nepByB cTaTbB 
"3rMwecKoe Hawa.no o xo3hWctb6hhoH xm3hm".1) Ha ParaecTBo mo- 
ionott GTyneHT yexaji c otoom b MTajiHB m TepMaHMB, vn.e ero 
sacTaAM codMTMa 9-ro aHsapa 1905 roaa. CoodmeHMa M3 Poccmm b 
HHOCTpaHHMX ra3eTax <5hjim cyMdypHNe m norai3ajiM eMy, ito oh 
HJmero ne 3Haji o tom, uto npowcxoflM^o b ero poflHoft cTpane. 
no B03apameHMM b neTepdypr, oh cTa^ cjreziMTb 3a pa3BMBaBmMMM- 
ca codHTMaMM: 3adacT0BKa ,b yHMBepcMTeTe,xejie3HOflopoj:HHe, 3a- 
dacTOBKM, padovMe decnopaflXM, nopaxemia Ha BoeHHOM (JjpoHTe, 
yenexM anoHn.es, KpacHH^ (Jmar H&a "rioTeMKMHHM TaBptwecKUM 1 ', 
MaHMtJjecT o co3HBe rocyaapcTBeHHott JlyMH. KaK oh OnMCNBaeT b 
nepaoH KHwre " Ilodefl m nopaxeHMa " : <«■ . ' 

Bmjio wto-to 3axBaTHBaBmee, Beji>raecTBeHHoe a BMecTe c 
TeM decKone^Ho TporaTeJibHoe b. . . caMoncntepTBOBaHMH 
THcaM npocTHx,' Maioo5pa30BaHHHx JiBiieft bo HMa cnace- 
HMa CTpaHK ot xiymamero ee caMoaepxaBHoro CTpoa. 
PaaoM c seJiHMHeM stmx scepTB, pajioM c BKCTynJieHHeM 
padowMx Mace, He3HavnTeJii>HOH, noMTM xajiKott Ka3ajiacB 
poAb flpyrmc odmecTBeHHtix rpynn. 2) 

M3flaTeJib"17B7"TlMparKOB, CaHKT- neTepdypr, 1906, 352 cTp. 
B 1965 r. 3Ta KHMra dKJia HanewaTaHa no aHroiMttcKM b MoeM 
nepepoae m c AonojiHHTenbHHM npeAMCJioBMeM fl-Mapmarat,(A,M.Kelley 1 
Reprin ts of Eco nomic Classic s,New York,xxix & 2$6 p.) 

' The Econom ic jQurnal" ^ London . TaK^peneHSHpoBaji- stot Tpya: 
" T*pyflrio flyMaTb o zipyroH KHMFe no 3kohommk6, KOTopaa dNJia 
dw nanMcaHa rMMHaswcTOM. 3Ta KHHra dHJia HanewaTana b 
Poccmm b 1906 roay, w TOJibKo Tenepb nepeBeaeHa Ha aHrjinft- 
ckmW asMK. . . .HeKOTopae qacTM MsJoxeHMa TeopMM noTpedJieHMa 
npeKpacHM, m mhopmm CTyaeHTaM OHa CyaeT noJie3Ha. Ho OHa 
roBopMT roJiocoM npomJioro. M dyaeT, rjiaBHHM odpa30M,MHTe - 
pecHa zuia mctopmkob skohommmcckoW mhcjim. (MapT, 1965). 

B MC TOPMM PyeCKpft 3KOHOMHyeCKOtt MMCJM (M3flaHMe 

tfHCTMTyTa "^coHOMMKM AKaaeMMM HayK CCCP, MocKsa, 1966 r., 
CTp. 142 ) 3Ta padoTa UMTMpyeTca KaK Tpya "dypxyasHoro 

SKOHOMMCTa B.C. BoflTMHCKOrO, DIMpOKO M3BeCTHOro HNHe B KanM- 

xajiM'cTMiecKMx cTpaHax." Ha cTpaHMuax 186-88 TeopMa B.C. 
BoflTMHCKoro, "pyccKoro sKOHOMMCTa-MaTeMaTMKa", M3JiaraeTca 
noapodHo. npezunecTBeHHMKaMM ero HasHsaBTca Bajibpac m ITapeTo. 

1) BonpocH »M3HH , C. neTepdypr, 1905, N9 9, CTp 309-31 m 

N9 10, " 327-57. 

2) PoflM Fl odeg m nopaxeHMR , KHMra nepsaa, 1905 roa, 
"3TR7~rpxe"dMH, BepJiMH, 1924, 384 CTp. 



BepHyBmMCb b IleTepCiypr nocoie JteTHMX KaHHKyn, ocem>io 
1905 vosm, Moft Myx pemnar BCTyTriKTB b PCflPn. Xota oh He Ohji 
MapKCMCTOM, co0UTHs 1905 rojia see fioii&me npwSjiCT-ajM ero k 
3?oM napTMM.QH odpaTHjicH k ceKpeTapio nsMMwapa no nan HTMqecKOft 

SKOHOVKH, KOTOpiltt CWMTaJICJI "napTMflHHM 11 COUHaJI-fleMOKpaTOM. 

• Tot oKa»AJi^£ '.jjieHOJf CoJiBmeBMCTCKoW ttrpaicnMM m aaBepdosaJi b 
nee Beo$KT&. HyxHO, oflHaKo, npM3HaTB, <ito xoth hobhH coqwaoi- 
muoKpmr He 6u& smskom c odoaHateHHe* PCflPn m eme MeHBme 
axaJi v <ie* coctohjim paaHorjiacHK Meray oSommm Kp&iJiakM napTMM, 
ob OHCTpo osBOMjrca c rpynnoft, k kotopoH diui npntiHcneH, TaK 
Ha3HBa*?voft 'opaTopcKoft KOJUienMeft", m lyBCTBosaji cedir xopomo 
b :*tgH dottKoft, peBonioqMOHHoH cpe.ae. 

BpeMa ca>co dtuio peBOJiioi^MOHHoe, m flJis cTyaeHTa, cbo- 
doflHO B^aae»mero ycTHHM m nMCBMeHHMM cjiobom, m co bc©m n&r- 
mqm mojiojioctm OTflaBraeroca Sopi.Ce 3d esodofly, otkpnjiocb ihh- 

pOKOe JIGMB ZleHTeJIBHOCTH. 3TOT nepMOfl pyCGKofi XM3HM aBTOp 

aroneaji b nepBo'fl KHMre cbohx BocnoxcuHaHMtt, b KOTopott oxMBa- 
z-r HacTpoeHMH CTyaeHqecTsa, pado^Mx m KpecTbHH b paarap 
liCBotomreJihiioro jotBJcreHMa. 1) BcuiHa peBOJiBuMM flocxurjia 
anorea npw BcepoccnttcKoM aadacTOBKe pado^Mx, xejieaHoztopox- 

HMKOB, ropOflCKMX H KOMMep^eCKMX CJryramMX M npH BOJIHeHMHX 

b aepeBHe m jaie b apxtMM M-$uioTe. Bmjio ot qero ropeTB, mom 
ysjieicaTbCH, ^excy oTaaBaT&cH lonorae, KOTopuft c aeTCTBa He 
3Haoi mKOJiBHoro TOBapwmecTBa, a xmji cpezw KHwr b ceMeKnoM 
yeaHHeHMM. Mxe noBTopHHe apecTH cKopee MHTpnroBajiM ero, 
ra,K npMKjnoqeHMH, veM osadoqMBaJiM mjim nyrajm. 

B KOHue 1905 roaa cTaJio hcho, *ito npasMTeJiBcxsy 
yaajiocB pasrpoMMTB peBoimnwo. HaqaowcB apecra, Ka3aqtM 
3KcneflnuMM b ziepeBHB, penpeccMM nporaa ne^aTM. . . BoeHHwe 
cym dujiM BBeueHH bo mhofmx MecTax. OomjiM yaoJiBHeHMH pado- 
mmx/ 3aMemaHHHx b noJWTKqecKMX BucTyiuieHMflx mjw 3adacroB~ 
Kax. B neTepOypre CHa^ajia cTajiM 3aKpHBaTi>e5i icaaeHHHe saBo- 
mti 3aTeM, iipn noompeHMi^ npaBMTeJiBjpTBa, HaqajiwcB JionayTM 
Ha MacTHBix npezinp^TMHx. ' 3tm co6uivm onHSaHH b aaHHoW 
KHMre, m h He CTaHy Ha hmx ocTa'HaBJWBaT&ca. ^ero b nett He 
paccKa3aHo; 3to KaKyio pojib carpaoi mo8 Myr b co3flaHMM abm- 
xeHMH, KOTopoe oxBaTMJio bc» 5e3pafioTHyjo Maccy ctojimuh m 
npMBJieKJio k yyacTMJO B h6m 6oaBine 100,000 paCorajomMX paCo^MX. 

B ctojiobhx zuih OespaOoTHHX "3apoziMJiacB n cospejia 

MHCJIB HTTH B FopOflGKyi) ZlyMy TpeOOB'aTB OfimeCTBeHHHX paCoT. 

OTCDfla m BHmeji CoseT Be3paCoxHHx" . 

Kto-to nycfMJi no ctojiobmm 6e3pa6oTHKX jimcth c 
TpeOosaHMeM oOmecTBeHHux padoT. KaK 6m caxio coGott de3pa- 
Oothh^ croBapuBajiMCB b ctojiobhx, BBidttpajiH gbomx npeflCTa- 
BUTe^i-eM, aenyTara codMpaaiMCB, ciapaacB bh6ctm b HemaToe ne- 
no 3f:jiaHOMepHocxB m opraHM30BaHHocTB. . . "EespadoTHHe cTajiM 
no^oBapuBaTB o Tom, nro6bi nocjiaTB aenyTanHio b FopoflCKyio 
•HyMy" . . . TaKMM nyTeM bo3Hhk CoBex BespadoTHHx. Ha npoTHjre- 

HMM BCett KHMFM pa3BMTM6 flBM3teH.HS 0e3padOTHMX H fleHTeJIb- 

«octb CoseTa npoMcxoflMJiM KaK Oh caMo codoM, de3 ynoMMHaHMH 

1) i&05-H« ^7™~ ~~ ~~~~ T ~~; _ 



poJiM npeaceaaTeJiH CoBeTa. ■ 

Koraa 3HaKOMMiSBca c pa3MaxoM RBiAxeHan 5e3pa<3oTHHX, 
ero nonMTKoM BH3BaTB noziodHoe xe RBmtenne b apymx tiacTax 

CTpaHM M OdBeflMHMTB ero, C yCTaHOBJISHHeM noCTOHHHO« CBH3H 

c pa.6an.vom Ha 3aBoztax h $adpMicax, noflaep«Kott dacTyiowHx v\ 
mx ceMettcfB, c BHfla<?efi 13,000-14,000 odeaos b aeHB r co cho- 

meHMAMM C TopOflCKOfl ZlyMoH M TopO^CKHMM KOMMCCHHMM, C M3^a- 

HM6M caoeft raaetM, nncaHHew m neqaTaHMew B033BaHM« m cTaTeft 
b raaeTax m xypnajiax, exeflHeBHoft nposepKoW nopniiKa Ha pado- 
Tax, pacKMHyTbTx Ha 3HaMMTejiBHOM paccTOKHMH npyr ot apyra, 

TO CTaHODHTCH JJCHO, K&K&H MCKJIKJMMTejIBHaH 3HeprMH. TpedosajiacB 
MR eflMHOJIMtlHOro pyKOBOACTBa BCeMM 3TMMM OnepaqHHMM. HTOdM 

tojibko ctohtb Ha MecTe" m coxpaHHTB donee mjim Menee 
HopMaJlBHMH nopnzioK, npw nocTOAHHiix 3aTpyziHeHHflx, co3zcaBa- 

6MMX TO peaKUHOHHMKM ropOflCKMMM BJiaCTKMM, TO nOJIMqMefl, TO 

HeyaatiHo cocTasjieHHoM KoMMccnefi, to aKCTpeMHcTawH c mx 
aHapxMtrecKoft nponaranfloft, To npocTo xyjiMraHaMM, TpedoBajiMCB 
McioiJOTMTeJiBHaH nzieflHocTB m bojih. npaszta, • npeztceaaTeJiB CoBeTa 
Haraeji cpejw CespadoTHMx M, rjiaBHMM odpa 3 OM, cpew padoTaromMx 
paooMMX, JiBfleRy xoTfl m 6e3 odpa30BaHMa, ho KasezHiix m b 

CMHCJie JIMWHHX KatieCTB, M B nOJIMTMVeCKOM OTHOmeHHM, - JIIOfleR, 
C -KOTOPKMM- OH pateWJI- -J(KW»0-4«. JC-KOTOpHM MCKpeHHO npHMWUIG*-. 

Hcho, ito caM npe-aceaaTeJiB BKpoc Ha 3toR padoTe m 
^to, aaB MHoro flBMxeHMio m yMea'pacTK Ha padoTe, oh MHoro m 
noJiytiMJi. BecB b© BJiacTM pesoJiBuMOHHoro HacTpoeHMH, kotophm 
eme dwjia nojiHa MOJio/te*B b to BpeMH,oH npMmeJi c dojismoft 
flOJieR MaeajiMsaqMM padovero raiacea He tojibko ot H3yveHMs 

MCTopM^eCKOfl POJIM padOMMX B nporpeCCMBHNX ZIBMxeHHHX B POCCMM 

m b apyrax cxpaHax, ho m ot HenocpeacTBeHH&rx BnetiaTJieHH« bo 
apeMH peBOJiiouMOHHoro B3pBiBa, tojibko vto BMecTe c hmmm nepe- 
*MToro. Tenepb eMy npnuuiocB yBMZiaTB oOopofHyn cTopoHy smshh 
b padotiefl cpeae. Oh He oTCTynMJi nepea hbjihctbom, xyoiHraHCKM- 
mm BHxoflKaMH, pa3HHMM 3JioynoTpedJieHHHMM, apaKaMM h aaxe 
noHoxesmMHoW, ho dopoJicn c hmmm - BocnnTaTeJiBHoft padoTo«, c 
oflHofl ctopohm, h TBepflMMM MepaMM b (fiopiie mTpadlOB, sanpemeHMA 
HBJiHTbCH na padoTy, m aaxe yBonBHeHMa c padoT. Oh TaK Bomeoi 
b 3Ty HOByB m coBepraeHHo nxn Hero HesHaKOMyio cpeay, vto npn 
cbomx 21 roaax oh ysepeHHo nMmeT: 

Tojibko tb, KOTopue coBepraeHHo HesHaKoMH c padoqMM 
KJiaccoM, MoryT M3yMJi»TBca TOMy, ^to Ha odmecTBeHHMx 
padoTax, Kyaa nonajiM repoM oKTHdpi,cKo« h HoadptcKoR 
3adacTOBOK m xepTBM aeKadpbcKofl peaicqMM, padoqett 
OpraHM3anMM npMnuiocB dopoTBca c ajiKoroJiM3MOM m 
xyjiHrancTBOM. 

Ho m dopacB co BcexcM HeaocTaTKaMM m nperaeraeHMajtM 
co ctopohh despadoTHMx, mx npeaceaaTejiB hh Ha MMr He xepaji 
COiyBCTBMa K MX nojioxeHMB m hm H a MMr He sadHBaJi, q TO npM- 
seJio mx k HpaBCT&eHHOMy naaeHMB. Xoth oh HHrae He tobopht 

O CBOefl JIHMHOK pOJIM B flBHXeHMM de3padOTHMX, HHT&TeJlh He 



MC«eT He BHirers era caMoro: ero 3adoxjiHBoe oTHom@Hne k jnoaa*, 
noHMMaHMe hx, weaaHwe noanaTB b khx <iyBcxBo codcxBeHHoro 

ilOGTOWHCTBa, C OZIHOtf CXOpOHH; &TO Tpe^'BOCTB B OUeHKe JllOSett M 

rrasMTH^ieeKoll odcxaHOBKM, ero aexajiBHoe aHaKOMcxso c xbxhm- 
qecKO# cxopoHoft odmecxBeHHHX padox h c (t*tHaHCOBKMM npodjreMa- 
mw, ero xBepaoexB b neperoBopax c ropoacKoW flywoW w c ero 
co«5-c?b«hkq# i!OJTHT>rqecKoW napxneM, HaKoHen;,; ero cnocodnocxB 

M3.&mMla 8 JIHXepaXypHoft (JOpMe HCTOpKIO iJBKKeHMS deapadoXHMX 
H OCB6TKTB ee CO BCeX TOT6K 3peH«a B Te^eHHe OtlCHB ' KOPQTKO- 

rO Ep*JM6HM. 

KaaaaocB 6k, *ito Cosex Ee3padoxHHX b cocxaae npea- 
ceaax©.sa - cxyaeHxa BToporo Kypca - m hsckojibkhx oxBexcxaeH- 

HHX pafiOTHX MOr 6H yflOBJieTBOpMTBCH TOM nOMCTMHC TMraHTCKOW 

padoxoft, KOTopyxi ohm B3sajiMJiM Ha ceda. O^naKo, Cosex cxaamr 
cede f dcuiee ampoKMe 3aaa*m. y*iwxHBaa nojwxjraecKMft nomeM, 
cBS3aHHMW c rocyflapcTBeHHoK ZIyMoft, m npeacxaBJiaa eaHHcxseHHyio 
aKTMBHyD decnapxM#Hyro oprakM3arjMio nexepdyprcKMx padoqux, 
Cosex rrHxaaca odBeaMHHTB see noJiMxiroecKMe h 3KOHOMvniecKHe 
pado<we r bpraHMsauMM cxojrauii. Ho ms 3to# nonaxKH Hmiero He 
BHimo, TaK KaK Kasraaa cot!>jajiMcxH*jecKaa napxwa BHcxaBHJia 
cboR njran opraHM3aa,w* v. CTajia npoBoanxB ero, He ctwxaacB c 
apyrMMM iwaHaMM. 

IlJiaH CoBeTa Cmji do^tm ewHorjiacHo oTBeprHyT riefep- 
CyprcKMiK KoMMTeTOM C-R napTMH. TaK kbk Ha Hero ocodeHHo 
peaKo HanaaajiH MeHBmeBurai, to peaarajKa danBmeBMcxcKoft raaexH 
'^d npeflocraBHJia npeaceaaxejiro CoBexa EeapadoxHHX cxodusc 
csoeft ra36TH aaa KaMnaHUM a noJisay axoro njiaHa. Ho dHexpo 
HaflBHHyBnuecH codnxna - paaron rocyaapcxBeHHoft Ryua, BoccTa- 
ime b KpoHmxaaxe m Cseadopre, Heyaasraaaca sceodmaa 3adacxoa~ 
Ka b flexepdypre, MaccgBHe apecTH m BBeaeHwe BoeHHo-noJieBHX 
cyflOB - j6vum sonpoc o<5 opraHM3au;MM paCo^Mx Mace. 

flpyraa nonnxica CoaeTa - od-beanHMXB asMxeHHe deapa- 
Oothhx b oflKH oCnjeHauMOHajiBHHW noxcrac - xoxe He yaanocB. • 
B BHZiy H3BecTH# o Bips'HMKHOBeHMM Coleexa E#5padoXHMx b apyrwx 
^racTHx Poccmh, riexepdyprcicMft GoBeT BHrrycTMjr b KOHqe was 
1906 rofla ocoCoe o<5pameHMe b (JiopMe njraicaTa b KOJiMqecTse 
50,000 sKaeMEuiKpoB h pa3ocJiaji ero no bcbm ropoaaM. UeJXBK 
3Toro odpameHMH Chjio - aaxi. mm oT^iex b xom nyxn, koxophm 
CoBex meJT'i IlexepOypre, b saaa^ax, Koxoptie oh cede cTaBMJi 3 
m b pe3yjiBxaxax, AocxMrHyxHx mm b ero flopt>6e 3a xjiefi m 
paOoxy. 3to oOpameHne CHrpajio HeKoxopyro po-HB b pasBMXsw 
BcepoccMftc#Dro zcBMxeHMa <3e3pa<3oxHHx, ho HMKaKMx maros k 
ofii.ez:HHeHHJ| c riexepCyprcKMM CoBexoM He nqcJiezioBajio. 

^<^ia ooxaHaBJiMBaenrbca'aa aeaTeJii.HoeTOi npeaceztaxeJiH 
Cosexa, xo ripearae scero oCpaiqamT *HHMaHife xe wciaiBDiMTeji&HHe 
rpe^oBaHMH ihcto (J)M3M^ecKoro xap Kxepa, .Koxopae OHa CTaBM- 
'<- : a HMeHHo: 6ea orpoMHoW BMHrrci^riK-.TM,- orpoMHoM OHeprHH 
'■''■ a^cojTETHoro GeccxpaniMs axa ixeHxejn>Hocxi> npocxo He Gnjia 
<*<h BO3M0«Ha. Bhxb c yxpa zio ho^jm, a npM neodxoziMMocxM, 



nyTB JX JiH He ot yxpa a6 yxpa, h» nocxpofticax mocxob m 3eMJisHHX 
paeoxax 3Mmo» npH nexepOyprcKOM KJiHMaTe, cpew HefloaoJiBHMx, 
H3MyM6HHVx HyTfloH m HencMBHtiHofl padoxoW JnoaeM, rae Kaxayro 
MMHyTy Mor BcnwxHyxB 6yHx, rue M3-aa yrjia Mory^ ydMXB, KaK 
yfiMJiM fliiyx MHacenepOB bo ':peMs oGxozia pa6ox, jwn axoro Hyrno 
dwio, npeirae scero, *e.ne3noe 3flopOBBe. 

Ho ecJttM xpedoBaHMH (5M3MMecKoro nopsflKa Sm^h aeJiHKH, 
xo MopaJiBHfcie xpedoBaHMH Gmjih eme BHine, ztaxe ecorw 6u GosexoM 
-BespadoxHMX pyKOBoami He cxyneHX, a noJiMXMtiecKVrR fleaxejib c 

COJIBnMM *H3HeHHKM onMXOM M npMBHKmMtt K ynpaBJieHMJO pa3HHMM 
OpraHM3aUMHMM M npeanpMHXMHMM. Bo BCeM COUHaJlMCXMMeCKOM 

qeHTpe H6, HaniJiocB hhkofo, kxo 5m saxoxeji B3flXB Ha ceda 3xy 
txwMM.y*> H oxBexcTseHHyio padoxy, mjim xoxa dw pa3AeJinxB ee c 
BHomeM-KHMacHMKOM, BKpocmMM b ycJiOBMHX, b Koxopwx eMy He npw- 
xoamjiocb cxaJiKMBaxBCH c npocxefliuMMM npaKXMyecKMMM BonpocaMM. 
XapaKxepno, mxo moH Myx^H.e noflHMktaex oxoro Bonpoca.Haodopox, 
paccKasHBaH o cjiothoW odcxaHOBKe, b Koxopoft CoBexy npuxoflM- 
jiocb secxM cbobo aeflxeJiBHocxB, oh oneHHBaex, KaK noMomB m 
noaaepxKy co cxopoHM" couMaJi-zieMOKpaxMvecKoS napxMM, xox 
$aKT, uto Cosex Mor noJiB3 0BaxBCH ee Tnnorpa<J)CKMMM bo3MOx- 
HOGxaMM- fljia -ne^aiaHMH ero B03 3?amitt, h cxooiduaMM ee ra3ex 
zuiH onMcaHMH hoJioseHMH cpe'flii de3padoxHi.rx. Yxe xo, ^xo ero 
X0Bapnmn no napxMM He HanaaaJiH Ha Hero m CoBex, oft, noBn- 
AHMOMy, cMMxaJi nbfliieiwKofi, xoxs eMy h cpeflM hmx iipmxobh- 
jiocft He pa3 jamKmaxBOH npoxnB odBHHeHMH b MeJiKo-dypsrya3Ho- 

CXM. 

KaK hm xpyflHH m noflyac xH*eJiH 6m^m ycJiosMS paooxH 
cpeflM de3padoxHMX, oh He 3adHsaex, no^eMy MHorne M3 hmx 
onycxMJiMCB. tore Korfla oh npM3HaexcH cede, ito ero padoxa 
■ Ha^iMHajia TepaxB KaKoe 6u xo hm dMJio nojjMXMqecKoe onpaBZiaHHe, 

oh roBopnx cede, ito " c xaKofl apMHefi H6JiB3g nodegMXB, ho 

n ocTapMXB x nicyH) apMM 10 h eiBsJT 11 

n oJiMTWuecKag opweHxauHH asxopa. Ha hcxophm ABHsreHMH despadoT- 
hnx b Hexepdypre BMflHo, qxo HecMOTpa Ha OopManBHoe mjichcxbo 
asxopa b doJibmeBMcxcKoft dipaKqMM conwaji-fleMOKpaxMMecKofi napxMM 
ero x«Hyjio k mwpoKOMy couwajiHcxMyecKOMy flBMxeHHio. npM Kaxaoft 
bosmoxhocxm oh cTpeMMJica Ki odteflMHeHMio tfipaicuMfl BHyxpH napxnM 
w K pacmMpeHHio aeHxeJttBHOCXM napxMM. Cboio opraHH3aunio CoBeTa 
BeapadoTHHx oh cosaaji KaK opraHM3anHB decnapxn«Hy» b paMKax 
connajiMcxMyecKoro MMpoB03 3peHM«. Oh noixM He npoflBJiHJi MHxe- 
peca k djpaKHMOHHHM pa3HorjiacMflM m npH cxy^ae BHCKaswBaJi 
epexM^ecKMe npeflJioxeHMH noaaepxaxB MeHBrneswcxcKoe BiicxynJie- 
Hwe, ecjin oho eMy Ka3ajiocB npaBHJiBHHM, k HeroflOBaHHio 
xsepaoKaMeHHHX GoJiBmesHKOB. , 

A 3axeM, HaqajiacB anonea cpeaM de3padoxHNX,KoxopaH 
AJiMJtacB noixH asa rona, m BeJiacB b paMKax decnapxHttHocxM. 

npaaaa, m b roaw cbh3w c despadoxHHMH du^M momchxh 
BoaBpameHMH k nonMXnyecKoft tm3Hh cTpaHN m k yqacTHro b 
HsdMpaxeJiBHoft KaMnaHMH b rocyaapcxBeHHyB JlyMy, ho $paKHHOH- 
Haa npeaaHHocxb Moero Myaca ocxasaoiacB noa coMneHMeM. Zlejio 



b Tom, mo h© Syjjyro 3HaKOM co seexm nepHneTMaMH m c mcto- 
pne£t BHyxpunapTHftHoft dopbdn, oh cicaoHeH 6hji cMoxpexb Ha 
ascecTCweHHyio noJieMWKy Mexay MeHBmefitfKaM*? h doabmeBKKaMM, 
Kaw ha ! 'enop M.ex&j ceKxaHxaMH, koTopsie," codexseHHo rosops, 
so BGeM coraacHM Mexay codoft h pacxoaaxca jimmb b HeMMerowMx 
3Ha*ieHwa MeJTOMax". BnepBHe oh bctpctmoich c oxihmm H3 
npescTaBMTeJieft MeHbmeBKaMa (MapxMHOBHM) b ycaoBMax, b ko- 
ropux zuiMTeabHaa ajHCKyccna dHaa BoaMoxM®, : b xioptMe, aaa 
cKapQWHW speweHM, . oh npezwoxmr odcyanxb napxi-iftHyio' 
UJS&rspoVMj . ApecTOBaHHHx Bunjcrvum <*epe3 flBa-xpn- ana, ho 
?>to bp«mh ohv npoBeJiH b decezre. Xoxa, no MHeHn» npHcyTCTay- 
ontMX,, * or & mesne TCKaa xo*ik& apeHna, npeztcxasaeHHaa mm, 
oKasaotacb cnaBHee, aBTop aaHHoK khh™ npK3Haex, nro 



BnepBM.e MHe npwnaocb aaayMaTBca Haa pa3ajmneM 
SoJiBmeBHCTCKo^ m MeHbmeBMCTCK6H~TaKTMKM> m a noqyacT- 

BOBaJI, WTO HeJIBSH OTMaXHyTBCK 0T MeafcS63H3Ma^ K&K OT 

" MeaKo-dypxya3Horo coraaraaxeabcxBa" . ...Kopo^ie, 3Ta 
TiopeMHast AMCKyccua Hanecjia MyBcxBKXeaBHHft yaap Moexy 

SOJIBBSeBHSMy." 1) 



ott 



B 1924 r., Korzta oh nupajx cboh BocnoMMHaHKa, oh 
nowepKHBaji, mto b 1905-1906 r'oziax oh "no-odMBaxeJi&CKM" 
oaeHnaaji KuneBinyiD BHyxpn napxHM dopbdy: 

He 'pa 3 noflBocaji a b KoMMxexe [danimeBMcfCKOM] Bonpoc 
o tom, hto cJieaoBajio Gh npHSBaTi. rc nopaztKy ToaapM- 
n?eH, ^epe3^.yp 3apHsaiomMxcH bo (JpaicsMOHHKx cnopax. 
Ho He b pe3KocTH noJieMMKM dHaa cyib, a b xom, ito 

B3TJIH5H 060MX Xe**©HMft 6HJIM RB Mc TBM T eJI B HQ HenpHMM- 

Pmmw, m MMenHo b 1906-1907 "rr. nepe,a napTMeM cxoa- 
ak sonpocH, Ha nowise kotophx npeflCTasMTeaiM 3tmx 
ajsyx- TeveHMft "xecuixhh .&natf' CTaaigKBaxbca, KaK aparM.2) 

$ " . .. >* 

H npHBOxy BHaepxKy M3 BocnoMMHaHKft, Koxopaa axox 
sonpoc ncwiHocTBD ocBemae.T: 

npn nocroTOBTce k odmenapxwftHOMy crte3n.y a nocxaBwa 
Bonpoc: KaK coraacosaxb zcHcn.nnJiKHy BHyxpw 4>paKUMM 
c flMCHMnJiMHoM b napTMM? ECJIM MH C MeHBmeBMKaMM 
cocTaBJineM o'flHy napxnio, HyiHo coadma ncKaii. peine- 
hms[ cxoanjKx nepea napxne£t BonpocoB. Tojibko Toraa 
mh cMocreM jipyacHo npoBOflMTB HaMaeHHoe peraeHMe. Ecjim 
*fy, HanpoTMB, MeHBineBMKM HamM Bparn, m HMKaKoe 
porjEameHMe c hmmk HeBoaMfr';-/.-.. h.viho pa3ottTHCb, 
o6pa30BaTB ZEBe caMocTostfejiBHHe napxMn n He oOMaHH- 
eaTB padoinx pa3roBoi>aMK o napTMtaoM eauncTBe. 
' Mcxoaa H3 3thx cooOpas-CtiMfi, ? TnaezmcnrMJi: Ha npeA- 

-J iia yiqepCe PeBcux^MK, ctp. 40-41. 
2) _TaM »e, ctp. 106. 



cToameM cbesae pemaTB bc© sonpocw b njienyMe, 6e3 dt»paK- 
[JMOHHMX coBemaHMtt. 

Hy m nocTajrocB ate MHe 3a &Ty "Ma^MHOBmMHy" ot to- 
BapHiaeM. CKHcxoaMTQJttiHee ffpyrwx othscck k Moefi "epecn" 
can JleKMH. Oh odtacHMJi woe BHCTynJieHMe TeM,«*xo a HeaHa- 

KOM C oeCiaHOBKOfl napTMMHHX ^f,e3flOB, M BMpa3H^ CBOK) 

yraepeHHocT',-. 'ire Ha npeztCToameM e-besae a <5yay fleMcxBo- 
'Batb, KaK npHWiecTByaT flHcnMnJHrawpoB&HHOMy OoJiBineBMKy. 
Ho BoapaxeHna TOBapmifeW He noKOJieOajin Moeft yBepeH- 

HOCTM B B03MOXHOCTM 03ZtopOBMTb napXHJlHyK) 3TM3HB npeflJlO- 

xeiiHMM MH010 ^JiocoCoM. H. XBepflo cxoaji Ha cBoeM m noxoMy, 
noejiaroztapHB JleHHHa 3a jiecxHoe MHeHHe 060 MHe.aaHBM^s 

-Ecjim bm nopyMMTe MHe npeziCTaBJiaxt Ha cbesae 
neTepdyprcKMtt opraHnaoBaHHHtt npojieTapnaT, a 6yziy bhiioji- 
HaTb csott- MaHnaT, ciMTaacb Jiwinb c napTM^HoR flMcmnuiMHoft 
m oTBepraa BcaKyio AMcuMnjiMHy *paiajMM. 

^acTM paOo^tux CoJibmeBMKoB Moa noawuMa noHpaBMaacb. 

HO KOMMTeTyMKM nO^TH BCe 6HJIM npOTMB MeHa. 

Koraa npumao BpeMa cocxaBaaTb cnMCKM KaHiiMxtaxoB Ha 
ci»©3fl, PoJibjneBt4c.xQ.roi«.„ye_Hxp pemn^ MeHa b aeaeraxM He 
nponycKaxb. PeraeHMe Cmjio npnH ; axo c moxhbhpobko^, b ko- 
Topoti He daao aaa MeHa Hmiero- ofiHflHoro mko xopyro a Mor 
Oh cuecxb aaxe aecTHofi. BoJitraoro xeJiaHwa exaxi Ha cT>e3fl 
h Boesaxb TaM c xosapHinaMM y MeHa He Chjio. H npHHajr 
ycxpaHeHMe Moeti KaHflMflaxypH 6e3 Majiettraero HeyaoBOJibcx- 
bms m ciMxaJi, ito Bonpoc 3xmm McwepnaH. Ho HeKoxopwe 
uoieHH "opaTopcKott KoaaerMH 1 ' 3anpoxecxoBajiM h pemmiw 
npoBoziMXb oxBeprnyxoro KaHflHztaTa Ha cT>e3fl. KaMnaHHa, 
Boo6me, dHJia HeJienaa, TaK KaK hm y mchh, hm y xoBapn- 
mett, npoBOflMsmMX Mena Ha c-be 3 r, ne Chjio HMKaKofi ocodoR 
njiax(|)opMH, OTJiMmHoft ox nJiaxfJopMH n.K. [IlexepOyprcKoro 
KoMMxexa] . y MeHa aMUHo Chjio eme xoxb"ocodoe MHeHne" 
no sonpocy o zwcuMnJiHHe m (tpaKUMoHHoH noJiHXHKe. Aj 

M0MX "CXOPOHHHKOB" M XOrO He d&IJIO, dHJIO JIMIDB onn03M- 

UMOHHoe HacTpoeHHe no oTHoraeHMro k ueHXPy. 

B KOHqe kohhob, Korzta noAcwnxaJiM roJioca bo Bcex 
paMonax, oKa3aaocb, uxo 3a CnncoK n.K. nonaHO, ecJiK na- 
Maxb MeHa He odMaHHsaex, okojio 4,000 ronocoB, a 3a MeHa 
jiotho okojio 3,000 ronocoB. TaKMM odpa30M, a oKa3ajica 
odjiaflaxeJieM mecTH MaHZiaxoB Ha cbe3H. 1) 

nexepdyprcKMH KoMMxex npeaotoxMa nodeanBraeMy KaHztM- 
flaxy MaM exaxb Ha ct>6 3A bo raaBe He3aBHcn«ofi rpynnw, 
waM nepeaaxb ero roaoca napxH^HOMy doabtneBHcxcKOMy 
HeHxpy. Oh BHdpaa nocae^Hee, m npn caeziyfomel^ Bcxpe^ie 
JleHMH CKa3aa eMy: 

"Bac Moxex dwxb yAMBaaex, no^eMy mh He yxfiepajiaM 
BamHX BNdopoB. H Boapaxaa npoxwB Baraero npHcyxcxswa 
b zieaeraqHM. H aHaa, mxo bh dyaexe roaocoBaxb c 

1) Ha Ymepde PeBOJiroiWM, cxp. 197-99. 



HetTfcBte&HXA-wi, ecJtM mx no3MUM« sac yaoBjxeTBopMT 6ojr&nie, 
*teM »am. ^to 0Mjio 6m xyxe Bcero, MHorne aeaeraTN dy~ 
4yx KOJrs?>«Ti.ca, h ecjm bh yftaexe, ohm yftayT sMecxe e 
b&mj npas jim a?" 

"Ba npaBv" f a oTBeTwur. H hs npMHaJi 6m ManaaTa e 
etpsKKKOHHMMM oGasaTejiBCTBaMK. EojiBme Toro, a h© ocTa- 
sm-h fin 6e3pa6oTHMx paaM napxKMHoro ci>e3fla."l) 

B aajtBHeftnreM, aBTop aaHHoM khmfm bbji HMTepaTypHyio h 
noflMTjraecKyB padOTy, HacKOJiBKo a-ro Chjio bo3moxho b Tuptwe m 

no3xe b ccNJiKe, b TecHOM KOHTaKTe c coqMajiMCTaMM Bcex TOJr- 
kob - coqMajr-aeMOKpaTaMM m con.MajiMCTaMM-peBOJiJon.MOHepaMM. 
Tojibko Koraa cou,Maji-aeMOKpaTM*jecKaa napraa $opMaJiBHO pacKOJio- 
jiacB Ha MeHBraeBMKOB m CoJiBineBMKOB b 1917 roay, oh odiMqwaJiBHO 
npMcoeAMHMJicH k MeHBneBMKaM, BHcxynMB b rrocJieaHMft pa3 npoTMB 
JleHMHa Ha coOpaHMM SoJiBmesMCTcKoM rpynrar. 

JlagBHeftaaa cyaafia aBTopa. B To»te, nocBameHHOM naMaxM aBTopa 

IffiortlgggT ' .^.J?" ^, *£?* ' Life and Work of Vladimir 
o.woy-cinsicy, OTJltsyeHU ocJfoBHKre 3TanH ero «M3hm m HaynHono m 

JiMTepaTypHpro TBopyeeTBa. Ho xmshb ero Ssuia Taic Heo6 OT Ha m 

pa3Hoo6pa3tfa, <ito hm 3tot xom, hh ero coCcTBeHHHe bochomm- 

HaHMa He aax>T noJiHoft icapTMHM. TeM He MeHee, sto bo3mocho 

caejiaTB Ha cTparomax 3tom khh™, rae a nonHTamcb HaweTMTb 

tojibko OTfleJiBHHe xapaKTepHHe MOMeHTw. 

Mot! uyx HanMcaji stot Tpya b h6ckojibko MecaueB na m- 

^e oTna b TepMOKax ( *HHMH-flna ) . no BoaspameHMM b OeTepCypr, 

rue oh 6ojiBine He mop hm otkphto y^acTBOBaTB b noJiMTMtiecKo« 

oopBOe, hm npozrojixaTB yHMBepcMTexcKMe aaHsraa, oh pemMJi 

yexaTB oTxyaa. JleHMH njtefljroaoui eMy exaTB c hmm 3arpaHMuy 

h yqacTBOBaTB b OoJiBmeBMCTCKOM xypHaJie, oGemaa eMy nanHyro 

rfesasMCMMocTB b BHCKasHBEHMM ^ero BararHaoB. Mom Mys: 0TKa~ 

aajca He tojibko noTqacy, *ffe oh y*e 'form nerooiaji, q TO 

HeaaBMCMMocTM b padoTe c JleHMHHM Ghtb He MoxeT. Z) KaK oh 

f O0-BacH«eT B CBOMX BOCnOMMHaHMHX, OH ,y*e H6 qyBCTBOBajI C66H 

HacToamMM 6ojrBmeBMKOM" } xoth CojiBoieBMsM yBJieicaji ero "csoeW 
npaMOJiMHefiHOM peBOJirouMOHHocTbio, csoeli npocToTOR, GBoeti 

0JIM3OCTBB K CTMXMMHHM ABMXeHMHM paCoMMX MdCc". Ero CBH3H- 

Baji c hmm ayx 6yB,TapcTBa, oTBevraBinM# Torna. momm HacTpoeHM- 
m m ypoBHB Moero pa3BMTMa b to BpeMa. Ho mhb CHJia vyxm 
ceKTaHCKaa HeTepnMMocTB 6oJiBnieBM3Ma. " 

Eme cepBeaHee Ohjim rmk Hero MopaJiBHHe B03paxeHMa 
npoxMB OTBeaaa 3 arpaHMny. M3 rex, TcoropKe mjin aa hmm m ero 

npM3MaaMM k 6op&6e 5 MHorae Ohjim b ccwjiKe mjtm T»pBMe,/ipyrHe 

HoonaTMJiMCB xm3hbd.0h He ^yBCTBosaji cedH b npasC yKJIOHMTBCa 
"i/nocaeacTBMH, KOTopne apyrne scrperMJiM raK MyxecTBeHHO, 



; V 9 ^ torm .y p a^§»ge , c Tp . 12 3 , Vanguard Press Inc., New York, 
2 ) Ha Yniepge ¥enojij)mm 7 cry. 251. 



28 



Haaexaa KpyndKaa> xeHa JleHMHa, npeiiJoxMJia , eMy toraa 
Ha BM<3op asa roppfla - BaKy m EKaTepMHOCJiaB - aaa napTMMHoft 
pa6oTM. B BaKy ero aaaaieft OwJia 6h 6opB6a npoTMB MeHBmeBMCT- 
cKoro BJiwaHMa; oh BMOpaji EKaTepMHOCJiaB, rae napTMa 6wjia 
otieHB cJiaCa m He Ohjio flparaiHOHHOM 6opb6h. Oh nHTajica nocTa- 
bmtb TaM nejierajibHyio ra3eTy m HaJiaaMTB opraHM3a5M» i ho 6hji 
BCKope apecTOBaH m oTnpasjieH b EKaxepMHOCJiaBCKMW UeHTpaa, 
oaHy ms cemmx yxacHMx T»peM ToraamHeH Poccmm. TaM, moK Myae 
oKaaajica s oaHOM KopMaope co cMepTHMKaMM, BMaan KaK mx se- 
jim Ha BMcejiMqy, -nepeHec annaeMMB tm<J» m MaOMeHMa, caM cHMy- 

JIMpOBaJI CHIIHOM' TM$, qTOCM CHTB nepefieaeHHHM B TMdK33HHtt 6a- 

paK. m oTTyaa Cexaji. Oh yyTB He norMC, cHaqajja ot "cHaao6Ba" 
aaa CMMyjiaqMM, 3aTeM or 6jim3octm k tmiJk33Hmm 6ojibhhm m ot 
j^wioaa b 6apaKe m ,HaKOHeqj, npM nonHTKe 6ercTBa. 

~ OnifcaHKH ero nepexMBaHMR b TiopBMe, ero 6opb6n npo- 
TMB TBpeMmMKOB m 3amMTH ^aKJiiweHHiix - nojiMTM^ecKHX m yro- 

JIOBHHX - npOTMB CMCfeMH TiaCMJIMa M 6e3 3aKOHHOCTM ne^aTajiMCB 

b JiywmMX xypHajiax Poccmm, pMCKOBaBmMx raTpa(|«.MM m 3aKpMTMeM 
aaxe b to BpeMa, Koraa caM aBTOp 6hji b TrpBMe. Ohm ne^aTa- 
jimcb 3a noanMCBK "C" noKa oh 6hji Ha KaTopre, m 3a ero 

.CO<JcT$eHHOfl L^MWiy^jH^jCMeMpCKOft CCHJIKe. '1) ' ' 

HecMOTpa Ha yia'cHH'fl peiMM, nocToaHHoe HeaoeaanMe 
M xojioa b EKaTepMHOcJiascKOM LleHTpajie, moA Myx npoaoJixaji 
HajniHyio pa6oTy m b 1910 roay, eme Ha KaTopre, Hane^aTaJi 
KHMry 3apa6^THaa ITjiaTa .2) 

B ccwjiKe moW Myr npoaojnraji JiMTepaTypHyio pa6oTy no 
pa3o6jiaqeHMB ycJiOBMfi b T»pBMe - KaK b EKaTepMHocoiaBCKOM 
UeHTpaJie, b kotopom oh 6nji 3aKJisweH, TaK m b Opjiobckom 
IJeHTpajie - o asepcKOM pexMMe, b kotopom oh y3Han ox jiDaefr, 
yyaoM yqejiesniMx nocjie MCTa3aHMR b oroi\ xirpbMe.3) TaM xe, 
b CMdMpcKoft ccwjiKe, oh 3aHaJica M3yyeHMeM Cm6mpm m Hane^a- 
teji paa oiepKOB o cbomx nyTeraecxBMHx m CTpaHcxBOBaHMax no 
orpoMHMM GMdMpcKMM npocTpaHcxBaM. B 1916 roay oh nepeM3aaoi 
T)~ 1 ^MepTHmm7WcTW!F*SB^S7"T^ b Mime m aBrycxe;"Cya 
no6eaMTe.neft", "P^ccicoe EoraTCTgo , 1911, mkxhb; "3a xe.ne3Hoft 
pemeTKoR", PyccKoe EoraTcTso , 1912, mjdhb,mjmcb m aBrycT, m 
apyrMe cTaxBM. "" ***** 

2| C . neTepCypr, ITpaBaa , 106 cTp. 

3) "0 KaTopre", npaBQ , 1912; "BocKpecmMe", CoBpeiieHHHM Mmp , 1912; 
"nocjie B3pMBa yPyccKoe EoraTCTBo , 1913; TaM xe "npH3paKH'*, 1913; 
"ripasaa 06 Opjiobckom IJ|eHTpajie",Koxopyi3 neH3ypa He nponycTMJia 
b Poccmm, 6HJia HanevaxaHa b rojraiaHaMM.OpMrMHaji 3xoft cxaxBM 
xpaHMxca b Hbio-MopKCKoH riyfijiMWHoH BM6aiM.oTeKe,Kyaa ee caajr 
TeoprMt! KeHHaH,MccJieaoBaxeJib poccMflicioix xiopeM m cchjiok. Kxo 
MMeHHo m npM KaKHX o6cToaTeJiBCTBax nepeaaji 3Ty pyKonMCB KeH- 
Hany M3 AMcxepaaMa, MHe He yaanocB BHacHMXB. B 1914 roay 
B.C.BoRTMHCKMtt Haneiaxaji cTaxBK) "ApecxaHxcKMe nonum" b Hob oj 
%M3HM« Xoxa xypHan BocnpoM3Beji tojibko yacxB axoro oiepKa,Ha- 
nMcaHHoro eme b AneKcaHapoBCKOM LJeHxpajre. oh 6hji 3aKpnx. Tpn 
owepKa "CMepTHMKM","3a xeoieaHott pemeTKoft m ITocjre B3|HBa" 6h- 
jim nepenevaTaHK b BMae c6opHMKa noa oChimm j3arjiaBMeM Bhc 
3KM3HM", b 1914 roay b neTepOypre. 



"B Taftre". 1) Oh xaicre 

• CmSwph, no ripe ha axe hwd 



HeKOTOpKe H3 HMX B HSOOJI&niOM TOMej 

jjsy^aj* BOfiCdreHHe n "jwcTop*no espeas 
eBpeftcKow o6:uhhm b MpjcyTCKe.2) 

IlepBaa Mnposaji Bo»Ha aepHyaa Moero Myxa k noowxH- 
qecKOK cospeMeHHocTK. Oh oxo3aajica cTax&etf "Bee npoxMB Bcex" 
a Cfrggpcicqar m^urne b 1914 rozcy m apyrofl "Boraomaa Poccua" 



gM^S^l-2H£2 P eH ^ a 1915 rosy. Oh are opraHMaoBa* ne<iaxaHwe 



3TMX asyx xypwaoioB, Kaarawft m 3 kotopmx aaxoiniM eeoe cyme- 
cTBOBaHMe Ha nepBOM Howepe. ' 

nocsezrHeft 6am,moh Hayqnoft paSoxoft b CmChpckoW cchji- 
Ke Cswa ero Kiinra PaOotuiH Phhok ChGmpw bo BpeMa BoiW Oh 
raicxe 3aseaoBaa cxaxMcxmcofi npM BoeHHoH npoaoBOJiBcxseHHoft 
jofcoMM reH. ro^jroBa, KOTopiri*, Ko H et| H o, 3H aji kto iweajr ero 
aoxnajoi, ho xarcre 3Hajr icatieeTBo .aoicnaaoB, noIyiaeMHX ot 
ceswiiHoro cTaTHCTMKa, H re noxsajiM, KOTopne oh caM noxynajr 
aa hkx M3 fTeTepSypra. 

PeBOJiiDUMa 1917 roaa aepnyjia Moero icyxa-B nexporpaa. 
Ero aeaxeJiBHocxt - noJiMXMMecKaa,, JWTepaxypHaa, a Tarace a 
Ka^ecTse peaaKxopa HaBecTKft CoseTa PaCo^Mx w CoJiaaxcKMX 
HenyTaTOB (Bjcecxe c 3>.flaHOM) h no3:re KOMMccapa CesepHoro 



tpoHTa - onncaHa mm b 



Stormy Passage" ,naaaHHOM nocMepx- 



ho. 3axeM nocjreaoBajiH roaH aarparaiieft, rae asxop aepHynca 
k RaysHOR paSoXe. " Die Welt in Zahlen'^eMMTOMnL cxaxMCTM- 
^ecicaa BHnHKnoneaMa, nepBaa b cBoexc pose b mm P oso« JiMxepaTy- 
pe, irpuroTOBJieHHaa b 1924-29 roaax ripn MoeM y«iac-TOH . flea KaKOR 
Oh to hh objto fexHiwecKofi noMonjM, aajia eMy KaBecTHocxB He 
tojibko b repxaHHM, rae mh xwm, ho m aajieico aa ee npeae.ua- 
mm KaK b EBpone, TaK n b Hobom Mnpe.3) " 

■••■■-■■■ OcofleHHo aaHMJiajta ■ ero Miiea o6T,eaMHeHKa EBponH: ero 
nepsoR KHnrofi Ha 3Ty Tejjy SHJia "0<5i>eaMHeHHHe UIxaTN EBponH 11 ," 
Ha HejfeqKOM h ftpaHijyacKOM asHKax, vi eJieayromeft - "*aKXW m 
^Hcjia-EBponH". 4} B KOHue 1929 roaa, nocJie BHxoaa a CBex 
GTaxMCTM^ecKoro xoMa, nocfispeHHoro r^maHtm , 5 ) MO fl Myx npn~ 

HM.8a CeOH pyKOBOflCTBBO CTaTMCTM^ecKMM otrSiom UeHTpajt&Horo 

Loma. cho6ozmix Tpezi-EHMOHOB TepMaHMM. Oh peopraHHaoBaoj 
CTaTMCTMKy -3aH«TocTO vt CespaSoTMUH B;rep¥aHHM> paadKB paOo- 
vhx Ha aBe ocHOBHNe rpynnH - ceaoHHHx m HeceaoHHSix, m Hane- 
^Taoi. MeTofloJiorMB m peayjisiaTH KJxaccMdJMKamiM b Tpyae «ij er 
putsch* Arbeitsmarkt"6) OflHoapeMeHHo oh paarpymmposaji 

T«K«3 KT « BHHe a ° rOB °P H n ° »«' OCHOBHHM KaTeropHHM M HOJIOMUr, 

.£g:] "« oopa3QM, Ha^ a-Ho hoboS craTKCTJiKe Tpyaa a repwaHMH, r«e 



5) 



^Ela^re", KHMra , TleTporpag, 1916 r. . ~ — — 

Ms-pen B HpKyTCKe", nepsan qacTB,MpicyTCK, 1915 r. 

Die Welt in Zahlen" , 7 tomob, Rudolf Moaje , BepjiMH, 

1924-28. 

"pie Vereinigten Staaten von Europa" , J.H.W. Dietz . 

eepjIMH, 1926; M ~~~~^ 

"Le3 Etats Unis de 1 ' Europe " , Eglantine , BpccceJii,, 1927; 
'" Tatsachen und Zahlen Europaa", Paneuropa t Wien, 1930; 
"Zehn Jahre Neues Deutschland" f Rud~6'I? "Wosse ,EepjiHH, 1929 



5) "Der Deutsche Arbeitsmarkt" , ADGB, BepJiHH, 1930. 



ero pafioTa CwJta npMHflTa a rspoao^xejia lleH-rpajiBHirM CTaTMCTiwe- 
cKMif ynpasJte»H«x. 

y«e b 1-330 roay mo« Mjnr Ha^a-n omymaTB npH3HaKM npw6 - 
.HHiatwwftca 3ieoKOim^ecKoJ* aenpeccMM. Ero Ro»a5 cTaTMCTMica 
rpyan* paaJiHtumuaa vexAy cTpyKtypHoB n Kom>»HKTypHoft Se3pa- 
<3oTHa«ft/ *cko otpaxaJtA onacKMe cMMnToant KpMSMca, m c aroro 
rojia oh ctajt oflpaaaTt. asHwaHMe npod»ccMOHa5>HKX co?:3"ob Ha 
Ha/s*nrftiiS!HMajr KpM3Mc. B 1931 roay oh BHnycTmi KHury o h©o6- 
XOAHMOCtTM aOptsffK C KpM3MCOM, MOKaaKBafl, 1TO fle<tuianMK npefl- 

ctasasjea He MSMee onacHyw OoJieaHb iwia 3KOHOM>raecKofl xm3hm 
crpawK, ?£«« MBluiftuMS!. 1) ho ero roJioc Omji tojiocom BonMDme- 
ro b nycTMHe. Beet. HayMHiitt m npaBHTejiiCTBeHHHtl annapaT 
repwAHHM orcaa b& to^ks apenna a3?OMaTM3Ma: kpmsmch HeM36ex- 
hv » K&nnm-SHCTH'-iecKOK xoaa^ciBe, ho ohm Hoca-T b caxMx ce(5e 
aapoJiMS BK3acpOBJjf8KKK* ;'£aBHHM peqenxox flJia BHsaoposneHMa 
c-iHTajiHCB noHMxeHHe ueH k n 3apa0oTHo« njiara; scaKoe BMema- 
TSJjiCTBO 8 snrot ecTecTBeHHkft npoaecc onacHo. . 

Mott wyx Sopoaca b PepMaHHM, ho KapTMHN neTepOypr- 
cKott deapadoTMUH h ee pa3pymMxeJiBHoro aettcTBMa Ha ofi'mecTB'o 
h paSowM^ icaacc oxMBaJiM nepea ero rjiaaaxw. Oh Tarare acHo 

»M.5«JT K8-K S< B POCCMM B 1906 TO^y, ^XO MMJIJIMOHSI <5e3pa(5oXHHX 

b repkakMM np^seayT c-rpaHy k KaTacTpcxte, ecJiM no^MTMyecKoe 
pyKOEoactBO h© cy*ceeT mjim He saxo^iex oOecne»iMTB mm xnefi.n 
paSoTy' 1 , JIiimuhk^ cnwcoK ero cxaxeft m ztoKJiaztOB Ha xe s:e M^eM, 
KOTopue b AHrxiKH ijponbBezuJBaji KefiHc, noKa3HBaiox, c kekoR 
ocTpoToft oh nepeaMBaji HeMaOexHyK, no ero mhchmd, KaxacTpo- 
^r h a:;arMK nonMXwyecKHx cmji, b ocoCeHHocxM xex cmji npo(J)e- 
CCMOHaJIBHMX COD30B m conMaJi-aeMoicpaTMiecKoft napxMM,KOTopHe 
eMy oyjiH floiMare apyrnx. Oh HameJi cxopohhmkob b JiMne TapHOBa, 
npeaceaaTejia oaHoro na bmahmx co»3 0b, m Eaaae, rjraBH 
KCCJieflOBaHMtt no ceJW>cKoxo3aftcxBeHHofi ToproBJie, c koxophmm 
oh upMroTOBMJi "nporpaMMy ajih co3aaHMa paOoxij", xax HaaMBa- 
euutt B-T-B rinan, no Ha^ajiBHiiM OyKBaM d>aMMJiMft MHMnwaxopoB 
EHaHa - BoHtmhckmH, TapHOB, Eaaae.- no MH6HHD Baaae, 

"CaxttiM 3HainxeJiBHKfi BKJiaa b B-T-E rbiaH, m gtmm caMHM b 
diopMyjiMpOBicy nporpaMMii aKTMBHoM aKOHOMM^ecKoR noJiMTH- 
km, 3a HecKooiBKo Jiex ap Ke^Hca, Okji BHeceH BaaaMMMpoM 
BottTMHCKMM. . . B away SToro, oh aoaxeH OHXB npM3HaH 
HHTeJiJieKTyaJifcHHM jiMaepoM Toft MajTeHBKoW rpynnn, KOTopaa 
noaroTOBHaa B-T-B nnaH. Koraa odcyxaaeTca sea 
aMCKyccMa 1920-x m Havana 1930-x roaoB, Hyxno npM3HaTB, 
ito oh fiyoi caiiHM BiiaacmMMca Jwaepo* b 3to« rpynne, 
cfoaBmett 3a aKTHBHyr OKOHOMMtrecKyp ncurMTMKy".2) I 

I) "Internationale Hebung der Preiae als Ausweg aus der 
KriaeV Frankfurter Gesellscbaft fflr Konjunkturforsctiung,] 



Hya Bugke Verlag. Leipzig. 1951 ; 
2) w rriia ikade, Fighting Depres si or 



.gating uepression in Germany, b 
"So Much Hive", The Life and Work of Wladimir S. 
Woytinsky, ed.by Emma S,Wo.ytin3ky, Vanguard Press Inc . 
New York, 1962, cTp.62. 



Hd .k&k w s HeTepSypre. couKajs-,ii*MOKp*Tw i q*»cKa* napTM* repwa- 
a»ii Sua* upotmb nero no Jipyno* cooepazeKHXM, KOH(rano: B 

I9S0 roit&x r^ws8H« nepexi«a HH*ffaqs«> (SaHTacTvweciwx pas- 
M«p0»* w etpax Roiofi MHOxjnpm aaspaBAJt rjaua h& sea flpyrne 
ottacKOCTH.C-B nap™« He Hanwa b esffe chjim b3*tb ha cefia 

P«CK 2«4KQMTKC>ft !I«WKTHKH OflmeCTBeHKilX paOoT, HO »TOfO He 

Hcnyntsc* mraep. Ha^as soopyxeHMe cTpaHH, oh /tan pafloTy 
vMJMmomx juwre», norwoaBamx ot SesAejiia h Hyxa*, h noata 
erpairy sa cBoert 6e3yi«Hoft n ' ryflHTeoiBHofl noaHTHicofl. 

fte ocTaBMJtM repnaHHB b 1933 rosy, icoraa PMTJiap 
BOTpedosaJt ot npcK&eccMOHaonbHHx cotaoB yqacTMa b HantfCTCjeo* 
wpa.S# 1-ro *&a, m cobsh co*ijim eefla BHHyx*eHHMMH n'oftwi Ha 
3to. MoH Myx ne nor nprntxth yqacTMa b 3to* napaae n anniea 
2 cTcre»«y. Oh npofloorxaji CoppTbca sa cbom wen b Eapone; 
ero cT&TiH Ha aicoHoioreecKHe Teior neiaTajmci bo mornc cTpa- 
nax, ffexaynapoflHoe Er>po Tpysa BHuycrano jib© ero KimrH - 
oray Ha Tpex asMKax h BTopym - no-ctpaHnyscKH m airraHftcKM.i) 

B 1935 rosy Mu nepeexajiM b COe«KHe«HHe UlTaTH, rfle 
cpa3y oTKpiurocb mnpoKoe noJie mn Hayloft paGora noero Myxa. 
Hotto c nepaoro xe mn no npne3iie (npHexas b BamMnrTOH bo 
BTopniK setiepoM, or .Haqan paGoTaTb b LfeHTpajibHOH CTaTMCTM- 
qecKov ynpasjieHMM b vernepr yTpow) . Oh Ghji BOBJietieH b paflo- 
Ty no conwajriHOMy cTpaxoBaHMm. B cnearaoi* nopaflKe oh co3aaa 
cTaTMCTMyecKMe oohobm nxx toji&ko <itq BBeaeHHoro coqwajrwioro 
aaicoHOflaTejiBCTBa, noqeMy oh m c^Kxaexca oahhm M3 cTponTeJie« 
connaaBHoro CTpaxoBaHHH b CoemHemma. IfPraTax.2) Bnocjre/scT- 
bkh oh paGoTaji c Social Science Research Council, koto P h« 
HanetiaTas nan, ero KH«r no sonpbcax Tpyaa,3) h IfetHMCTepc'T- 
bom ConMajiBHoro CTpaxoBtaHKa, Koxopoe BHiiycTMJio ero padoTy 
no cTpaxoBaHHD ot GespaOoxMijH. 3Ta paSota aerjia b ocHoaaHMe 
^eaTejiBHocTM oTaearoB no crpaxoBaHMB or SeapaCoTHiiH so acex 
naTax 3to« CTpaHH.4j : « T "*• & 

BTopaa mkpob&h BoMna sepnyjia xbero Myxa k ofimeHa- 

UHOHaaBHHJI 3KOHOMMtieCKMM npoC*eMaif . B OCOGeHHOCTM K BOHpOCJ 

■o nocJieBoeHHHx nepcneKTMBax & sa aMepHKaHCKoS 3kohommkh„ 

I) "Three. .Sources of Unemployiieat '• , InteraationaT"Labor~~" 

Office, Geneva. 1935. " 

2)^acoD Perlman, A n Architect ot Social Security, in 

So Much Alive," 
3)"The Labor Supply in the United States" ,1936; "Labor 

in/the United States. Basic Statistics for Social 
v n 3ecurity,I937; 
'■ "Seasonal Variations in Employment in the United 

'States, 1939; 
■ u ?hT$<z Aspects of Labor DynaEics'', 1941; 
...l^^gs and Social Security in the United States?I943. 
' Principles of Cost Estimates in Unemployment Insurance", 
0P0, Washington, 1948. 



B to BpeMH, Koraa novTM see axcepHKaHCKne skohommcth npeacKa- 
aKBajiM 3HaMMTeJiBHyio ae3pa«OTnuy nocJie boAhm m zteMo<5njiM3anMM 
m cBHaaHHyjo c stmm aenpeccuD, oh npe/iBMfleji aKOHOMMMecKoe 

OXMBJieHMe M paCUBeT npOMMIWieHHOCTM. OH 6hJI nO<lTVl OflMHOVKOfl, 

m Jleo rpefiJiep nMmeT TaK o<5 &tom nepnoiie: 

. . .BoHTMHCKHft MM6JI cxceaocTB CTOHTB 3a CBOM yCeBffleHMH. 

Korfla oh npMXOflmt k KaxoMy HMflyfli saicJixweHMB, oh 3amn~ 
njaJ! cbox) no3Mqnn, He aonycKaa ero o6mmhoR ckpomhoctm 
MeraaTb eMy.Han6oJiee HCKJimmeJihKuVi npMMep aToro Ka- 
qecTsa oh npoHBMJi, kohcmho, b cbh3m c ero paHHMMM npor- 
HosaMM nocJiesoeHHoro 3KOHOMMvecKoro noJioreHMH b CoeziM- 
hshhnx IIlTaTax. Ero nporH03, HanfloJiee noJiHo BHpaareHHHft 

M IBMPOKO M3BeCTHHfl, pe3KO pacxoflMJicfl C npeflCKasaHMHMM 

THxeJioro nocJieBoeHHoro Kpn3nca. B aTMOc<J)epe Ba,nniHrTO- 
Ha bo speMH boRhh^m b nepBN^ rozi nocJie Hee ero B3roiHflM 
He noMorajin npnofipeTaTt zipy3eft m bjimat!, Ha nnaePi, aaxe 
coxpaHHTb flpy3ett m BJiMHHMe. Ho oh He KOJieflaJica m, Ka3a- 
jiocbj Aaxe oxoTHO soeBaJi, Koraa npe^xeT cnopa ctomji 
OopbSH. B pe3yjibTaTe/ ero nporH03 onpaBflajica, oh He no- 
;„ Tep«Ji. ipy3_ett jw MHqro H0BMx ; flpy3eR k Hewy npMcoeaHHH- 

JIHGb. 1) 

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npeACKa3aHHH o noc-neBoeHHott skohommkh CoeflMHeHHHx DlraTOB- m 
onMCMBaeT Ty aTaKy Ha hhx co ctopohh cnJioMeHHoft rpynnir 
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3KOHOMMCTOB, KOTOpyt) MX aBTOp OTpaxaJI eZWHOJIHtlHO co cnoKoR- 

hoW HeB03MyTMMocTbKi qeJiosexa, yBepe-HHprq b npaBOTe cbomx 
BarJiflflOB. TaM xe KteaH Kjiettr pasfiMpaeT 3tm nporH03H nocJieBO- 

CHHOft 3KOHOMMKM M flOnOJIHHeT MCTopMB 3TOrO nepMOfla JIMMHMMM 
Bne^aTJieHMHMM OT HeKOTOpHX OCOQeHHO «pKMX MOMeHTOB 3TOR 

Hay^Hott AMCKyccMM.2) 

IlepMneTMM stoR OopbflH sanoJiHMJiM mhoto cTOJiflnoB b 

3KOHOMMMeCKMX xypHaJiaX M nOBeJIM KO MHOrHM ZIMCKyCCMflM Ha pa3- 

hnx cbe3flax m coflpaHMHx.TopxecTBo npMnuio, Koraa nporno3 
Moero Myxa noJiHOCTbB onpaBflaJicn m Koraa xypHajra, KOTopwe, 
ne AOBepHH ero npeflCKasaHMJjM, npexae oTKa3MBajiM b neiaTaHMM. 
ero cTaTett, cTaoiM HacToHuMBo npHrjiamaTb ero. C 3Toro MOMeH- 
Ta ero asTopMTeT sKOHOMMCTa 6mjt npM3HaH flesoroBopoiHo. 

B 1947 rofly oh ocTaBMJi rocyaapcTBeHHyso cJiyx0y,^To6Bi 

neJIMKOM OT^aTbCH AByM COJIblUMM HajHIHMM paflOTaMT o^Ha flHJia 

nocaanieHa MccoienoBaHMio ycJioBMH Tpyaa b CoeaMH6HHNx IIlTaTax 
bo Bcex mx npoHBJieHMHx; apyraa npeflCTasJiaeT flByxTOMHHfl 
Tpyfl, noKpwBanmMtt Bee ofljiacTM mmpoboH skohommkm. nepBaa 

I) "Reflections on Wladimir Woytinsky's Impact" in So Much 
Alive ? Vanguard Press Inc., New York, 1962, cTp. 26-29. 

2)"Forecasting the American Economy", by George Garvy, 
and "Wartime and Postwar Projections" , by Ewan Clague , 
Taw xe. /" 



padoTa si*saj& b 1953 rosy. 1) Abtop npMroxoBHJj ochobhoA miaH, 
»&i»tc*^ noJStoBMHy TeKCTa, npKBjreK pas enerinanncTOB no ot» 
S«*«« BonpocaM pa<So«tero psraxa u irpopeaaKTKpoBaji bc» pyKo- 
tmt%, npKit&B eft xapararep anMHCT»a,. 

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o6o*mh 6»s icaieoft <5k to km 6mjjo nocropoHmeft homosm, 3th rm> 
TCMa noKpMsa«T see ochobhmc otasjih »ipoBoft 3kohomhkm m 
seHorpa-SHM, :<* noTpedoBajxw ce*ra, sst nenpepHBHoft patfoTN.2) 

HO OKOH^iaHMW 3TMX JSBJTC XpyAOB, MM COBepEBUIM sae 

HJt«HM# JteiatMOHinie floea/noi - fra Msamdk Boctok (b Hnonmm, 

mmn, naxHci&x, UeftjioH, Enpny, TaftjiaM w ToH-KoHr) m 

B IS CTpa» JlaXHHCKOft A*cepHKK. Bo BPSMH 3TKX IIOeSflOK Moft 
My* tjHtaa MB1QZVW BO MeatiiyHapOSHOft M aMepMKaHCKOi? 3K0H0MMK6 

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hkhz, Hepea aceoUMaqnirMM .npojobinmeHHHKOB, SaHKHpos m apy- 
ncc epr&HMaamift. 

B nocJieflHMe ro/wcBoeft jth3hh oh nncaji BMecTe co 

MJHOft 0<53 0p nOHHTHdeCKOro, COBt»MMI*-HOrO H 3KOHOMMdeCK0rO 
CTpOH Coe.-IKHeHHHX HlTaTOB JUT* HeMeiJKOft SHUHKJXOneZCMM coijk- 

anncr stayK, 3) m aHaoiHTmiecKyjo pafioxy- 06 ypoicax 3kohomm- 
iecra« pececcHfi, nepeHece'HHiix CoeziHHeHHMMM UlTaTaMM. 4) 
3tb pafioTa nofltiepKWBaeTj, ito aMepwcaHCKaa SKOHOMMica crajta 
ropa3ao Co-nee ycToffaMBofc, *ieM b npeatHne rom,' vi ^to ohe 
xenept cHaCxeHa pa3HHMM MepaMH, 3amnmasDniKMM ee ot octphx 
noTpaceHHtf. Ho ecjiM kpm3Mck 1929 rom cTajin HeB03MoxHM 
mjim no^TM HeB03MarHH, to 3KOHOMM^ecKMe pececcmi Tuna 1949 
vum 1954 roaa MoryT iiobtopktbcs. OcHOBHasr sa^a^a nosTOMy 
saicnxwaeTCH b tom, mtoCh cJxezwTb 3a nepsMMM npM3HaKawM 

3aM6flJieHMa B SKOHOMmeCKoft XM3HM CTpaHH, M npMHMMaTB MepH 

k mx ycTpaHeHME BicaMHBaHMeM rocyziapcTBeHHHx CpeflCTB B 
eiHiaiatyBCff'SKOHOiMKy, t.\' e. npnCeraTB k aKTHBHoK skoho- 

MMt?6CKofi nOJIMTMKe. '- -^ 

TaroiM ofipaaoM, jcpyr saBepniMJicH: b*3ckshm asTopa 
3Toro Tpyaa Ckjih Tpn MOMenxa 6 opt Oh 3a aKTMBHyB skohomm- 
MecKyK nanMTMKy. Enje BHomeft oh «opojich npoTHB CespaOoTM- 
w B neTepCypre; oh HeyTOMHMo CopojicH npoTHB 6e3pa6oTHqM 
m 3KOHOMMMecKoro KpM3Mca b TepMaHHUi H ero nOCJte^HHH 



I) Employment and Wages in the United States," with 
o\nu^ &teai '^^-^^B^S^ a ^y fiT1 t^iZ, Jund, New York, 1955. 
j „J or t d p opalatit>n KpTTroduct'ibnTtfrenafe and Outlook" 
World Commerce and Governments. "Trends and Outlook',' 
both with E.S.Woytlnsky as ^co-author, New-York, 
v^P 3 and I955 * 

v, 4j„® ¥er@inigten Staaten von America; 1 Handw flrterbuch 
4 v>jffi g-gpgialwisBensohaf t*-ri , r m bi® g* c 1 f German/ ,TTC(T:"^ ~ 
•*; i*saons of the RecessLr iu% i^hli - > :f Bit' s m g t^nt a 
*asbington,D.C. 19^9. "~~~ — — in . »T.iJnta , 




JS'UHK 



__l 



partoTa b :;oeaMHfiHHnx UlTaTax -ram "CH eronaydMoe .laBemaiiMe, 

nue«cTas.f*eT npH3MB k aKT^BRoS 3KOKO>owecKO^ noswTHKe ana 
npe/iynpexfleHMa m^h, no M«Ri>Bett *sepe, oeaa<Jjr«HJ«« bosmothmx 
0-f/iyi5MX ;>afi«p«ftK a pasaMXHM aMepMKascKoi* qkohommkh. 

y*e b nocTeJtM oh 3aKOKyH.1t csoft noaneflHMfl 3HaiM- 
resbHMfl Tpyjs - cbom BocnoMMHaHMH. Ohm Omjim Haned.arftHU 
n'ocjxe ero ciiepTM Ha mecTM saHKax, noMHMO aHr.«nJ!cKoro. 1) 



BneaMorpa^Ma' aMTepaiypHoft AeaTeoibHocTH Moero Myxaj 
cocToaaaa W3 425 HOMepos, flMaa HanetiataHa b 1961 roffy,2) 
m MMeeTC« BMecTe c noJiHHM KOMnJieKTOM scex ero HaneqaTaH- 
kux paOoT b cneunajii»Hofl CMCJawoTeKe KoavMOMttcKoro yHMBepcM- 
Texa.TaKMe »e KOJUieauMH mtet>TC* b MMinraHCKOM yHMBepcMTe- 
Te (Ahh Apfiop), JIohjlouckou yHHBepcMTeTe (b AHr*HM) h 
yHHBepcMTeTe Ajii6epTH (3;wohtoh, KaHaaa), a taicre b 
EnOJiMOTeKe KoHrpecca (BamMHrTOH) . 

3kM& C. BoMTMHCKaa./ - 



Vanguard Press Inc . .New York,I96l. 
2) "Bibliography of the Writings of W.S. Woytinsky r 



I ) " Stormy Passage " , 
("Bibliography of 
prepared by Emma S.Woytinsky, 



Washington,D.G. ,1961.