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Full text of "Washington D.C. Radar Sighted UFO's July 26-27, 1952 (FOIA)"

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DISPOSITION FORM 



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StCUfttTV CJ^PCATION UJtitti 



UNCLASSIFIED 



SUBJECT {REST) Discussion of Washin^on, D.C, Uadar ai^nt* 
ings of Unidentified Object on 20 and 2o-27 July 1352 



FILE NO, 



Proj. 10073 



ro ATIAA 

ATTN: Capt> rtuppelt 



FROM 



ATIAE2 



DATE 29 Aug 52 COMMENT NG t 1 

Capt . Jaaaes/le^ 
55170/Blda 2S3A 



1* A study of the various reports regarding the subject radar sittings do. not 
^llov a positive and final explanation to be made. This is a characteristic of practi- 
cally all radar reports of unidentified and/or unconventional targets. As usual, the 
factual and scientific data necessary for analysis is not available/ However, -the in- 
rormation available , together with weather data, does allow a plausible explanation as 
to the possible cause of the unidentified targets, 

2. The general trend or tone of the available reports of the subject targets^ indi- 
cate a possible anomalous (bending 1 ) propagation (temperature inversion and/or moisture 
l^pse) effect on* the radiated electromagnetic waves of the radar sets, thereby allowing 
^tection of ground targets which are not normally seen. Excerpts fron available 
sports which indicate the possibility of detection of ground targets due to a mild 
condition of anomalous propagation effects are as follows; 

a. "Sporadic [r 

b. "Intermittent" 

c. "Capable of dropping out of the pattern at will" 

d. ''Creeping appearance" 

e* "Just disappeared from scope" 

f. "Solid" 

g* "Unidentified targets have been picked up from time to time over the past 
:^v months, but never before were there so many as were experienced on the nights of 
l?/20 and 26/27 July 52" 

h. The lengths of time that targets appeared and the time of day, 0005 to O53O 
jT (20 July 52) and 2050 to 0000 EST (26 July 1952), both indicate a favorable 
characteristic of anomalous propagation* 

4. Reported "formation" of targets could be due to the fact that prominent 
ground targets, such aa, power poles, buildings, etc. are usually grouped in some type 
regular pattern and would maintain this grouping on the radar indicator, 

Unclassified 



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JUBjECT: (REST) Discussion of Washington, D.C. Radar Sightings of Unidentified Object 
on 20 and 2o-27 July 1952 '< ' 

^UNCLASSIFIED 

3. "father data is available during the tire of subject radar 'sighting for the 26th 
only. This data, taken at 2200 23T, is as follows: 

Altitude Temperature 

(Thousands of ft.) (Degrees Centigrade) 



Moisture 
Lapse Rate 



1 '■ 





l 

2 

3 

3.200 

k 

5 ' 
6 

7 
8 

9 

10 

li 

12 
13 

15 

16 

17 
IS 

19 

20 
£1 
22 

23 
2U 

25 
26 
27 
28 

29 

30 



25.2 
26.3 

25.9 
23.1 
20. If 
19-5 



20 
19 
17 
15 
.13 
11 



.1* 
.1 
.0 
.1 
,2 
.1 



9-5 
7-9 

2.0 

0.0 

-2.2 

-h.C 

-6.2 
-7.5 

-11.2 

-13.5 

-15-5 
-17.0 

-18.3 
-19.8 

-25.6 

-27.8 
-30.0 
.32.1 
-33-9 



(Fairly 
constant 
up to 
3,000 ft) 

( increased" 
rate 
between 
3,000 and 
i+,500 ft) 

(rapid Increase 
betveen U,50O 
and 7,500) 

(above 7,500 4 
moisture content 
was too small to 
be measured) 



The above data indicates slight temperature inversions at 800 feet and at If-, 000 feet 
altitude. Moisture conditions at these altitudes also appear to be somewhat favorable 
to anomalous propagation, sometimes referred to as "bending", "ducting", "guided 
propagation", "trapping", or "super refraction" of the radar electromagnet ic vave. 

h. There are several factors, given above, which are favorable for concluding that 
S13 subject radar targets were actually ground targets which are not nornally detected. 
It is considered that an abnormal propagation condition caused a mild bending of the 
.ndar waves so that detection of ground targets were not giving "solid" returns ifor 
-very antenna sweep and thereby would cause a misinterpretation that stationary ground 
-„j.rgete were in motion. 




■UNCLASSIFIED 



■ 



^. >*- 




■BPPP 




/.ul£lECT: (SE3T) Discussion of Washington, D.C, Radar Sightings of Unidentified Object 
on 20 and 26-27 J^ly 1952 . ' 

VNOASS/F/FQ 

* ?. Very strong ground return signals have oeetf^reviously observed on the indicators 
jf the mi/CYS*-! type radar, located in Florida, out to ranges of about 150 statute miles* 




*, Major, U3AF 
Chief/ Electronics Branch 
Technical Analysis Division 



UNCLASSIFIED 









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jdr Tral'fis Control at Jlationai Airport notified Eollir-g Operation* 
Lhat they r-ad sighted Strang* objects on thair radar screen- S/Sgt 
-ichard Iacava> opera tiona dispatcher notified tha Balling airdrcr.i* 
JiTlctr and alarted tha -iolllng Mobile Central Tc«rr # 5/SgWDan U 

"''iladai Tower ajwatcr, scaooed'tfco efcLea visually and reoortad: ttat 

^ v - . . /;>;.: . -;-v- \ ■;-;^ j ■ ..■ . . 

jq eaitf an unideottflad f roundUb object' drifting low in the sky about 



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aawaVinllea aoutb&aat of Boiling, Atr Force Base* Ha said it wot' of 
about tbe Intensity of a siwjaad uhlto^w^er in color* It uaa \Tlaibla 



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Memorandum for Record 

Subject* Telephone Call from a Washington Newspaper 



- ^ 
23 July 1952 



At approximately 2130 on the night of 27 July 1952, a Washington newspaper, 
the name x>t which ia unknown (the caller identified himself but the name of the 
newspaper could not be remembered) called Capt E # J # Ruppelt at his home* The 
caller was advised that Capt Ruppelt could make no statement for the pre as* He 
advised the caller that all public statements for the press had to oome from PIO 
In Vkshington. ^he gentleman frbm the newspaper: waa very insistent and rather 
indignant about the fact that he had received a "run around n all afternoon, 
^apt Ruppelt stated that he was sorry about this but that he could still make 
no comments, The gentleman asked whether or not we had received a report about 
the Washington sighting that occurred on the night of 26 July 1952. Be was advised 
that we had been advised of the sighting but could make no comment on it. The 
gentleman said that he believed the Air Force was withholding information that 
was vital to the press. Capt Ruppelt said that he didn't know whqt,her this was 
true or not and that he was sorry that he could not give them any information. 
The man then asked what could be the cause of radar returns like that* tiapt 
Boppelt said that he had nothing to say about the Washington sighting although 
as previously had been announced in all of the newspapers, ATIC had reporta of 
radar sightings but that he would make no comment on them. The gentleman stated 
that he had no knowledge of radar and assumed that since there was a radar pickup 
there must be something there. Capt Ruppelt said again that he could not make any 
Statement but that it was a well-known fact jthat radar images could! be caused by 
weather, by birds, by malfunctions in the 'radar set, frpm interference of two radar 
sets, and many other reasons and Just the feet that there was a return on a radar 



scope did not mean a great deal unless that return oould be evaluated* Thm 
gentleman asked next how ooon it would be before we had an evaluation on the 
Washington incident. Again he was informed that we could make no statement* 
He asked what Capt Ruppelt's affiliation with the project was and he was advised 
that the full details were in Look Magazine and that, as they quoted, Capt Huppelt 
was the Project Officer. He was advised that nothing else could be said and the 

r 

conversation was terminated. 



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^^^ib^M'ii iti^teto^ 1 



Merao Tor P-ecord 

Subject: Report of Unidentified Aerial Object 



23 Jul/ 1952 



1. At 2115 EST # ^* v tHHHHHttl of Life Magaaine celled Capt Ruppelt at 
his home. He stated the Time and Life representatives were at Washington 
National Airport tower and that the same radar returns as were observed tin 

19 July were on the scope. 

2. Capt Ruppelt cal led Capt F. E. Smith, ATIC D.O., and infor?ied him 
of the incident/ Capt*BJnitii called Col Thomas, the D.O. at D/I at 2130 EST. 

3. Capt Ruppelt arrived at ATIC at 2200 and called Col Thomas at 2215* 
Col Thorns stated that he had contacted Major Fonrnet and Lt Holcomb, a radar 
analyist. Both were going to Washington National to see what was taking place. 
He al30 stated that he would call the command post and have them Inform Eastern 
Air Defense Forces, Col Thomas also agreed to report any further .developments 
to ATIC. 

At 0030 EST, Col Thomas called Capt Ruppelt at his home. He stated that 
since 21C0 EST, the radar at Washington National Airport tower had been picking 
up objects on all quadrants f their scope. Major Foumet and Lt Holcomb were 
at Washington National tower and observing the objects. F-94's had been scrambled 
with no luck and "something else* was going to be tried. (What "sometiiiiig else* 
meant is unknown.) 

Col Thomas also stated that several press representatives were at the tower 
and photos had been taken. Andrews AFB radar was also making contacts. Major 
Foumet was going to contact the command post so he could request operational 
control orer the investigation. 



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26 July 1952 
Macaoracdua for Record 

* Subject* Trip to Washington, D # C» 

1* On 21 July 1952, Col D* L* Bower and Capt E* J. ftuppelt went to " 
MATS Hq at Andrews AFB, Maryland, to discuss the possibility of the MATS 
Air Weather Service and Flight Service assisting in Project Blue Book. Col 
was contacted. He called in Major from the Director 
of Intelligence Office of Hq MATS* The proposition that> these people could 
help us in Frojeot Blue Boole was presented* Hie Air Weather Service could help 
us by assisting the reports that we receive for possible balloons and Flight 
Service could help us by attempting to identify reports that turned out to be . 
aircraft* 

2* Capt and Warrant Officer were called into the 

meeting* These men were from Air Vaather Service* The project was outlined to 
these people and a discussion was held as to how they can help us* Capt Ruppelt 
showed several examples of hov we had tracked balloons previously and asked these 
people if they could do the same* After a lengthy discussion these people left 
the meeting and it was decided that ATIC would draw up a proposal stating what 
ve wanted these people to do and subndt it to than on an informal basis* They 
would then review this with ATIC people and sake necessary corrections to arrive 
at a final proposal, then this final proposal would be sent to them through 
channels. They were advised that if the task appeared to be a big one a transfer 
of funds from ATIC to MATS could be arranged* 

3* Th* of the meeting with the weather people, Lt Col 

who is Intelligence Officer, and Deputy for Operations of Flight Service, was 



e 



# 




called in. The problem of ^denUfying these objects as aircraft ^£3 discussed. 

It was previously known that it ia a difficult job to trace aircraft back to a 

1 
given position in the U*S # or merely using flight plan reports , etc. However there 

is a possibility of working something out. Several suggestions were offered, (1) 
that ATIC would furnish personnel so that there will be one person at each Flight 
Service Center throughout the U.S. merely to handle unidentified aerial object 
reports* In this way as soon as a report cooes in it could be easily checked* 
The possibility of having a roving representative visiting various flight services 
was also discussed. There was no definite plan made as to what would be done 
in this instance. It was decided however that it would be very advantangeous 
for ATIO to prepare a letter to CAA and have it distributed to all CAA 1 a In- 
stallations. This letter would state how to report unidentified aerial objects 
and would give the CAA facility authorization to send a collect telegram directly 
to ATIC. This would alleviate much handling of messages* At the present time 
CAA facilities relay the message several times before it reaches the A? Flight 
Service, After it reaches Flight Service it ia handled several more times before 
it reaches ATIC. In this interim handling it has been found that the message 
becomes distorted. The meeting ended with an agreement that ATIC would draw 

r 

up what they desired in the way aid from FJlight Service and that this would be 
presented to Flight Service and they would put any suggestions or corrections 
that they felt necessary, Lt Col also agreed to contact CAA and 

see how much cooperation they could give us on this subject* 

4. On the next day Col Bower and Capt Buppelt spent the day in the 
Pentagon. The prime purpose of the visit was to coordinate the articles that 
have been written for the copy of the digest, of the Air Intelligence Digest, 
that will devote about half the issue to the investigation of unidentified 






i 



# 



aerial objects. Dished in with this was a great deal of confusion on the 
recent sighting by radar over Washington Municipal Airport on Saturday night. 

5. The first thing in the morning Col Bower and Capt Huppelt visited the 
Digest Office. The visit was rather brief and they proceeded to the office of 
It Col Peaberg, in the office of the Deputy for Estimates. Col Peaberg stated 
that under the reorganisation of the Directorate of Intelligence, Major Fournet 
at AF0IN-2B3 would no longer be the contact man in Washington for unidentified 
object reports. A new agency handling this coordination Is tinier the Topical 
Intelligence Division and the Currant Intelligence Branch. Col Bower and Lt 
Col Peaberg also visited the Office of Public Information of the Air Force. 

It was there decided that ATIC would send a monthly status report to these people. 

This status report would be either a classified copy which they could disseminate 

the information they felt was not classified or a special unclassified report. 

In addition to this, various things will be send to these people such as memorandums 

for record that we feel would be of interest, etc. 
Uhila 

6. /Capt Ruppelt was in the Digest Office, he received a call from Mr. 



►from the PIO. Mr.^ Jystated that the Washington Daily Nevis wished 

to speak to Capt Ruppelt but he was advise4 that this could not be dope due to 

existing regulations and that Mr.^^p would have to go through D/l channels to 

get permission for this interview. Mr, ^Jfciaalldd back end said that the PIO 

had contacted Gen Ackerman and that Gei* Ackaraan said in light of the fact that 

i ■ 
there had already been publicity that the Daily **ewa could speak to Capt Ruppelt. 

He was advised however that it eould not be a personal interview due to the tia» 

element involved and that they would contact him by telephone. Capt Ruppelt called 

the Daily News and talked to one of the reporters* He stated that he h*i been 



it 



requested by Mr»4|p^£o call the newspaper. Ha answered several questions 
nona of vbich were uaed in tha ^ubsequdnt uavs story, CUie thing thai: ha did 
stress was that ha was not in Washington specifically for the recent sighting. 
7* A t elephone call was also receive^ JSqqbl, p , r ^an Jiand^>a^^jrgtary ^^ 

the sighting that had occurred in Washington on Saturday night. She was advised 



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that ATIG had the report and was working on it and that an evaluation would be 
forthcoming, 

8. While visiting Air Weather Service and flight Service the Director of 
Intelligence at MATS requested that they be put on a distribution for reports ♦ 
This was noted and they will be put on the distribution list* 




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Memorandum for Record 



23 July 1952 



Subject: ATIC Participation in the Investigation of Washington Incident 
of 20 July 1952* 

1* The first notification of this incident was on the morning of 22 July 
1952 when Col Bower and Gapt Ruppelt were eating breakfast and reivi it in the 
Washington papers* Thqy had bean out at Andrews JLFB the previous day and had not 
heard of it* They had contacted people from the D/I of HATS who also did not 
know of it, 

2 # Upon reporting to the Pentagon on the morning of 22 July 1952- they met 
Lt Col Teaburg, b/l Estimates Division, who stated that a Capt Berkow, D/l of 
Headquarters Command at Boiling, was coming in with the report of the incident » 
This waa about 0900. At about 0930 Capt Berkow arrived and briefed Col Bower, 
Capt %ppelt, Major Under of ATIC, and others on the incident* He atateji that 
a fall report would be ready, and would be delivered to Col Bower by 1700* 
During the day several phone calls were received by Capt Ruppelt on this sighting* 
One waa from the White House. They were advised that an investigation would be 
made. 



4* Before the afternoon was over it appeared that this waa going to be a 
"hot" incident. Capt Rnppelt called Col Bowpr in Lt Col Teaburg's office and 
offered to stay over in Washington to get the investigation started but waa 
advised that this should not be done* 



■ 



MEMO ROUTING SUP 



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NEVE* USE FOR APPROVALS. fitSAPPROVAtX I 

COHCURREXCES, OR SI Mi LA fi ACTiOSl 



I HAH* OH TlTLC 

Major L» J, Tacker 

ORGANIZATION AND LOCATION 



5AF0I-3d 



OSAF 



INITIALS 



0AT£ 



ClfitULAU 



COO HDI NATION 



INFORMATION 



NECESSARY 

ac r ION 



Norc AMD 
AtTUfM 



$EE Ml 

Ash* 



Columbia ^ S. C. 



REMARKS 




You sent the writer a fact sheet in March 
As to his questions here, we can say that the Air Force 
conclusion on the 1952 Wash sightings was "Anomalous 
radar returns caused by temperature inversions". 

As to the "fireballsR on aircraft, these were coinaon 
in World War II and to some extent in the Korean War. 

They are caused by one of two things: static electri 
phenomena, such as St. Blinds Fire, or reflections of 
light by small whirlpools or vortices of air created by 
small irregularities of the aircraft structure. 



FROM MAMl OR TITLE 



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ORGANIZATION AND LOCATION 



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RepW* DA AGO Form flu*, 1 Apr i& t in<t AFHQ 
Form 1% 10 Sov 47, wbteh may i*» used. 



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I roportod on doty In r * tever at 23GQ ;^T frn ffiffi fejJ^ 2 ,f cr itir '. , 
ei^ht hour tour of duty. About '1230 /^lg^£gdy> , ljijj| Ip^ ^calf 1 
atiarted talkinc ubcpt flyir-i: cpu ; cQro*-*jjH Hlten'd Jil |PSiirsj Inclined to 

■ tQllaye tlvt there were snc\ oh J facte, ■ - ■"JPSHS^ and ' f itfOTrar j£t d:e p t i c . 1 * the- 
tower rJainteriftnoe ran . T/S^t 2:zq v.*as listening to the coijw.rs ,tian over V.e 

..interccn on the 6th floor ns hoivorked there > ard cai e-ued jpfclnfcly nov a:;d 
tor, -^'^yi^ o 

At approximately 010C 'hrs.(| ppfcar-ar/sr^d the rln^ki^ telephone n-d ttpciie 
to sovpane untocvn to ne -ho 'vaffT^^rwtly watch in- the sfcy'fros lianU-T-d ' 
lit. Brady bee xra excited during the conversation -inci ^iiddwl^yelled .-!ier$ 
foer. anev I"t£W a f ailing st;*r po fygELGverhoad a - iort "Ciat .r.cp 'south ar.d 



bim cut; About two jainutes later 




said t^rre'r sr ether or.e "Did ■ vou 



sue the cranre -%ov to tho sQUth a * THsr~id I thou;;:.. I sav It but he pci;.^d 
^ south end I had resn looking 'southwest, I went up on the reef after th&t* 
■, ard watfched the sky in all diractitra. In .tho meant rje "ash Center was report- 
ing targets on their radar screen ever V* Andrews vrs.£& m Ar£re*;3 Approach 
Conirolgflbsftrved nothing* , ' ' 

S P^wao In the tcwf?r talking on t'\e phone arj "i::U*ir phones, Ke v^a 
i«tcfi5flSF'sti?r -r.d telli^ various people thai it r- icvi^.r un'zjr.d, 
O^ccerjdirs rapidly :>nd cci-^^; i'ron left :o rirhta -* : : ;;rr.Ui£ rt x^ I liateiinn 
to hin frozi t e roof believed \m z:u il nove too, Suc>, io t; e povcr cf 
r^;: r*ion. 

This st;;r u-r.c to f e oi.3t slif-Ml;' t c tJ^ loft cf -j-.d ^'.cve tl;e ro l :a*:lr.* 
-. IjatiCOT.' Brady re orted *r.^ c'.-a- jbs tv;c ::iitjs o ;:: of :^uro',/3 rjid-A^-an 
altitude of tv«3 tl.^^aand fc-^t, d . 

-1 short :tlne l^tcr en; re;-: O?.0C : ^c I t v a f, 3M? * ^t:.r ^o ffeni over- 
hocd to tl^ rtorth, A few :/. r^tcio lutor 'v ot: cr \&r.% ,r: t-e a -u* direftti-^n. 
7'^ey faded and uant out wltMr tuo sec ri*s. ?;*e 3k;; :;ls Pull o» evers,, t>e 
'iiiikv -joy W"s bri^'it arc I -^s s rprir-ed ti^t '-^ "liii " -;- c^e ,xre falllr,§ 
^a*ara.: m ■ t— i-e 



:jgB$. *■:*' ni;;ht but savr noth4'^: ,jor»» All 1 tii^it Wiuh C^t^iv^^ rafci 

■J^lijecta near Ancrc^a cr crcr tl.e Andre 1 z -.rjisje ,but ;'J^j^™^ps;rcacft 

;^o.^uid see nothir.p, however the;-: could ^e^ ttre v^ri,0Uf^;|^^iX' renc 



,,© r-.ct- 
fcrtl^.r 

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>t;teir screen res a^narpntiv in gcod bpci^tion* 

About OAOO :-s a jet ■{ :"A3" l^c). eallesi^Wr.sh Center cr 121*5: IC* » ar.d : i iu 
1 *e hadJ^esn assi^ed to contact. *.f£ish C 1 ^. tp invest! ~\re trie vx/XCMa o*-J € c:g 
, reported /in ti».o!-y biit he v s ;il^opt cut of ixiel &;;d \: s : retvjrnlr^ tc 5ils 

"hcfcio., h^Mv ' i>\ _..'■" ■ ^ . '■ ( , . . \ , ; 

# T '.U ^P5C0 ;hra yaah Center cilled n» !^C n* ported a^; -imlatc^r.. -o;iJ"ict ^ive 



riiio^ oodtheast of uindrevpricid, J lcc;:cd orj sov. r,c thing* 
^ Tt report I heard ^ 



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;sB!u,ttv:.v* «V a;pe^; r d f to be tuo :\dlir;jjj* -st^rig , ilirec; tly 
-?ln a isvt^tjft.ro'rthly direction. 7-^did tict cccvx *t 



v * ^ i^kJ^b^T*^ Rf ar *S pt^e-t^b . : -rt; e layer Tea*: • 1 ;l- fc Ue 

'^^ t>« *i' cr roof a*iaui.itw; rJ^t^ ^^t. 

crcr>o in cc3cr. 
* At;' ubcut i a sxir. 'tiae A^L. 

/;;v6cc£ iUlC;. Is - Hop, ck&. vbter tswr o -;,t of our e^ *ro! ricvQfH \I/ afctui 
, . ,t;.$ ^^;.fro^ -the tcver reef but to «ii> it appeared to be -^ust** distant 

e'er era i-. c^r-cd coa*tJ^n t/ue to ro^alon of i-j.rU; en tic axis. To r:e' 
\\tz oidnt arj* .r ro be ::cvijv; crexd, : A- 0230 .^ii Center called arc* esid 
■■ *' : iit & Capitol Al;-lint3 spovxd 3 o]t\>ctj ry&r ll.i-ndcn Va ; 'cnd ho s^ted t::*a 
,- ' r* liice not .irj re :^d cw; reorw At r^bout L\;C n';J«t"vl?:; .cill si^ 







?u ? u object. ,iV.c>l (Jer.Vy -rlv'sei ' 

■:;*ri :*» if I-cr-ld r.cni:cr ir ur.*: I ^ li I 

^ recti "."2 r V:o ' c& ;l;e wi,;..h fl;rr, 

.*v: Co: ter ;;o ^3 at ;,1,X\'j i?t ard * £ r-r-in; ] , 

::■ rein*: ie.cfe tc biz*. " v; .it i? all «^jlv I iumr-i 

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nu^a Co^\i:lq\£itle uririGvr. t.o >e. ■ fA/'lOi'ITridy ^^vtr^^^^prcre i ai;d vliile v 
.h*^«/3 t€dl;i^;^e^udd€nl;' s*.id »I sees I t[N^j^^ijS '#&» -Vest -pf'us.. ' * 



looked li.©re u#fr *ct tr*g t:-^w # Doth 



tfald* l ey ^ tf» 



object aoifth of Ar;!re'/a. 'Jaa;* Center c vtleffHiffim- Vn &; fl&gj^y I *t:ere were 

"■:■; still target* eaat and vest of V.ie Andrews j ran^e. * xl flijtf MP* J ^/^B* ^«0 
>l ^d ryrelf thor, rent, to t. e re of of ib**' fcw&r vlth f i#d?|fil«w*-s J ] *■-« ^racked;: 

'/■I' en ^ lifjit. first teliiwd to be a posLiVIe. object 'Vut it "was' a ^tfcr. . 'A'vhile 

w -I'txtrr we saw vmi apr^^ed *o be a shooting 1 stay cU^ak across fch«* sky hp&d- 

■■^|A^/3*W f oljoved al:30st irriediately ty another o: 1 t-e 3:«he heading ahd near 

■i^bef* ;the othop cne u&d s^rV-id ^ Iwerit r t}ovn to tlvj ■ * jqj> line t<& ror opt, the 

:; *^<?idar»t 'to /tfd»h:pdtiter vJjch .'ir^ P#i:d T/6fit I22. 



said tixffivii ar.otIier 
; ^; e following the^sarae rout*- anfi TsSSP^htf^ot her 3 or I ^inaticn latbr >n the 



'.tec?. ' VIC Bracer and -?vs?ir a>w & iViliin/j star, lta color 



\h ite lite sry 



■ ' ftt.Mlxi* star while tie odcra £l>servfd ^re a 15;;I t red cr cranio ecler* '- 
is to ^jr knovlc?d;:o vas t;x» lust observe ci^ct:; t- at. ni-hT.* ::pvcvcr 'J^sii 
CerUr still Iiiid ar^ctd near Andre wa a* Vxaa, Vsch Center luM^ed that 
c ajrj.iue pilut reported J .A;cctu r*.:r r :urnccr: V:i levir^ tit a v*ry fast 
5;v»ed':u*d also la?>?r report*" d 3 rxjre 'wtveen ?;&rnCtr. *iM I'-'hr*ir-;:l:iir§ 'f 7a. 
iitili another pilot reported or* nJa r Lt^Ver run 7a ^t. about 5C30;.£t*' At 
tf i-nd 0*30 

he 



iK'sh Cam- r -rked ->"■ ft ■-il" ^ ^ould cee ggJrtlJLctf ^bout 
■•? i^iles r.orth c-f ■ Ar.tr o*';;. A3 theyTs^^^r^t t ere* : 4tf| |P : t Gia 

>;w not in/;. ■ : sh Center Laid t;:e ^-ir^eta wouU: .*^ve i % s^p^BW^en sren 
fY t^ .c*/ir t^en clja;*petr # ."acJi.Blso ^dvlaed thej- 2ca:«d tc.^ve out 1 nc?e 
'^^ye^w.tly u^en airersf t^ were moving f sc-eslrjf to ncrcjcr le'ss fcllov yi-p 

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y"4'Y . : -' ;''%i ^^v^^i^cf '-objects vas erratic* <&e rv:vfcu j U a. 3*:-0 ^j>rrW mux 
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;% "J^K ccrter has ui \\UC unidentified ,i^r xta or radar >ince 23i^_T 

Indi*iii'mlfl ro:ortlrii ^i-itz object are; * ' ( ' 

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July 21 , a9» 



Civil Aorouautlo* Adalnlatratlon 
irUtion Safoty fitatrict Gffleo 
VaaMiiffton Xatlonal Airport 
Washington 1 $ : D» C*. 



Attention t 







Gontli 



Tbo £ allowing la quotod tram tbo 
;*riod 230QB to 0730K *f July 20, 1953. 



t-la-Ohargo* Capital AJrllaoo» Ino* 



tohor'a log for tho 



*3ehoo* froaa unknown and 
icoat of nit* at DGA F objoct* 
botvooa Kartlnaburg* Baradon* 

oitod that «9 knov 
and tarir, PonnoylYj 
torrifi© apood 






objoota rocolvod on radar 
7 T807, and HAT Airllaea 610 
oruldlng objoota 
hours* Nona ground 
ground altad at Harriabury 
tod 3 at Ifnl flight awralnf at ; 




la 
blips 



vbleh 
trips 



Mitral Qyiag objoota vlth bright 
Kartlnaburg* p» tovar had aonorooa 
od bUjo^Wtti radar aorooa and bad aokod him to chock* 
ropoart Tar>dl»toroatlng # * la bo roportod tbo position and 
pt tho airboroo objoota r airoayo radar oonflrnod h£a ropcrta- 
aiaprUod at Tortlcal apood of th* objoota* sol d thy 
XiteitoUlac.atara tdttaut tail** X&apatohor* MflMft* 

riMM^MAd H/a ttwr# Pratt won abl* 
f tc^flfeMrr* tbo TOJLpa on airway* radar. About 7 
la tbir a**** and tholr apooda war* phonoaaoal, but 
«rpl«dng into tholr oooaalonal dlaappoaranoo froai tho 
tor on* and oonotlaoa two avoopa of the boom — af tor 
thoy roappoarod aoTing rapidly la othor dirootiona* All 
kopt adri#od f I 

Vary truly youro f 




• - ■* 






ftuwger Flight Operations 



S^Avma jrmaica Sines 1927 



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Your recent letter concerning unidentified inlying objects baa* 
been «calved* 



2JMT ffttlfHrtty f * i 

19/2£> ami 3S/2T *ilar 1952: 



of the limhlngtaa^ D* C* sighting of 



On 19/20 aid. £6/27 Jta*y 1952j & great aaount of excitement use 
^enemted in thalbtlon's Capitol due to sightings of unidentified 
Hying; Injects* both visually aid on radar. Moat of the sightings . 
occurxtd betweea widnlgjit and damu Tha objects vere picked up by 
mor+IQmm one radar in the ttrahingtan area and vere reported to J 
have apeeds. on the* carder of 7500 miles per hour* Jet intercept* r 
vejne r *ttnsuacessful2y attempted. ,i ; - ^ 

Vviaual sightings to™ reported by both ground acd airborne 
The descriptions by the witnesses wre genemlly the ; . 
*Etm objecta vere described as changing frcra orange to green 
and back to red*^ do nun&ws varied fron one to six vlth no apparent 
set Tanm ticp> Bure* objects vere reported to have left trails. 
-Us motions of the object* for the most part appeared erratic* In 

sanir Instances tbai objects vere described aa Meteors* 

**> ++,-■■* 

.■...:■:■■■• • -*■■ '■ ■ :;-■ -/ ; ■ ' . 

; Salt Air Staro*: concluded that the radar sighting* n»re probably 
due to mqgpalous propagation; seme tlaea referred to aa- "bending.? 
*du$jtti^"Tgttli^ or "super refraction* of 

the ^)»dhw eOectrc^^ wkvmt'; the inversions and isaprhrrs ccaaditiona 

belj^ r<gpocsihl» ftar the unusual functioning of the radar* Banding 
of tha jmdar vu**^ ao that detection of ground targets vers not .- 
glTdiflf:? solid* r s ta t ns for avsxy antanoa sweep and tbaraby caused the 
TalEinterpretatlOtt ^that vbat vera probably stationary ground targets * 




p # , these indirtdmla vere -probably -■-;'. 
efttwrta-aa t2kajsdar r (mlxage) > and vera seeing 
objects* noxinlly^bayoDd their: range of Vision* Eier*- la also the-, 
possibility of inconsistencies in the layers of air of different V 
tenrpsxature causing lenses of air vhlch resulted in distortion, of » 
soma of the lover stars. Ittis significant to note ttet In all : 
instances where it: /could be determined the altitude of the airborne 
idtnette* ras approalinitely kOQQ feet, the level of thd higher in* 
version layer*. Slghtisga of meteors coupled vith the norr&l excite* 
^ent of the witnesses also contributed to this sighting* 



fo mSimSSSSSSSSm 



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Ifca Mr 7qtc* ooDolusion Is titat th* radar aiad visual aijjhtimtB 
on 26 Jtily 1952 v*r* 4u« t5o ttm mlr&a* mttmctm orvatad by a dcubla 

X hops this lHfcnatiaa 1* halpful* 



Sinaantly, 



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' 13 October 1961 



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Tout letter oC October 13th. to the Dejartaiant of Defense ha* 



been, referred to the Air Force*., 



-«..' 






■'Tafcdo not l£»V-the datefc'of the ■lghtingB mentioned in your':. 
lettirireaX vllLhave to assunethat you* refer to the **hlngton ,? c - 
cigKt&g* of July i i&& The conolueiaa ofHheee eighting* ■ w that 
a fage mture laierelaa (doubie); In the are*' during the period caused 
radar^d9cting"'reaatioa aiA;refieeted image* from .object* over the...; 
horlMWt'-'Sie rlenel sighting* vere attributed to the waft cauee and 



^ ■/ 






to 

e 






^ 



SAFOt 



Dear.HrJ 





This la to acknowledge your letter of l6 July i960 concerning 
Uhidantlfied Flying Object* and particularly the 1952pfeahington 
sighting*, -*-^ . 

^T^nr information concerning tbe Washington sightings Is la ;/:* 
error ^ Weather conditions that night revealed a double Inversion «V 
In tha:D» C- araa^one at ttfX) Teet atjd another at approximately :^V" 
^OOO^faet* This double inversion cwjrad the radar and visual v :■•/ / ;; 
slghtinga that nights . ."s 1 



:•« 



-VFor your information I am incloilng the latest Departaent df< : j 
Defame press release on this subject* - It plainly states- the Air- >; 
Force 1 position In regard to UFOb. V*i'**' 






Sincerely, 






Inclxwura 



W- t " 







LAWR2BCB J. TAC83SS 
Lti Calomel, U3AP 
Publiev Information Division 
Office of Information 



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SAFOI-], ^Heading : 






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Chief f Facility Operations^ Era* oh, 1*5UT 

Chief, Washington Center - 9 ,.-, ' 
Unidentified Targets, July 20, 190 



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Attached is a copy of the report written fcjy the* Senior Controller 



■y^l^^p 



on duty, ^P||ppp Jfr from approximately 

2330S July 1$ , to 080CE July 20, 19^2* 

Parte of tills report hare been given to Major Willi ana of 
Air Force Intelligence, Lt# Col* Searleee, Office of Public 

Information, Department of Defense find to Hr» 

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&t 23UOS (ii?thj Controller Nugent; callad por attention to several tarcots , 
observed on the 7(?~2 scoje* Sight of thaw were counted and, althctagh &n\ % 

occasional strong return vas noted, Wat of th* targets would be clarified 
as fair to weak* After to had checked carefully on the 1 movement (about ICO 
to 130wpb) and confirmed our findings with what the Tower saw on the ASH, 
I called &F3 and reported it* This was about midnlghb 1ST* MF3 later advised '.- 
that the nearest military base was supposed to handle these ratters and to 
call the 1K>F Intelligence Officer or ao* There vas acme confusion for "awhile 
as to whether Ajt<Jrews or Boiling was going to *<*ake £he report, but it was 
finally determined that Air* would handle* 

v - 

I called <j| pptand asked If thay could see them and was advised they saw 
nothing* Our ttfttf Maintenance then checked the equipnent very carefully and 
advised that it was functioning satisfactorily «nd confirmed it with a fallow 
worker* (This lad tolls me be has been working on this equipment for five 
years, so guess he know what he Is doing)* The targets were noticed east 
and south of ADW so we asked the ADW tower to look and see if they saw any* 
thing, also asked AW approach control to check scopes* AIW had a lad en ' • 
tlie roof with glasses who spotted an object that looked to be orange In color 
and appeared to be Just hovering in the vicinity of A3W* They saw others as 
ti ne vent o n with varying descriptions* Most of this information was given 
to^HHHJH|fee and MPS with the esqwetatlon that they would run an intercept* 

The impression received frcn^SHHNflPfe was to the Affect that* ciore information 
vas needed to order en intercept* I told then our equipment was giving us 
good readings so wt would be able to do aty vectoring that aljht be necessary 
but they secned to be leaving it all up to Smoke Ring* As fcL» wore on, pilot 
reports were received - P607 saw 7 of the objects between Washington and 
fcartinaburg variously described as lights that moved very rapidly, up' and down 
and horizontally as well as hovering in one position and SP610 saw one cone in 
with hi* tnm around Herndon and follow him to within it wiles of touch-down* 
This was ai*stantiatwA fey Tower end Center radar* 

In wy c onversa tion with MFS, AW and the mu on duty, we reached the point 
where ww wondered Jjurt how much of this could go on and for how long before 
something could be done about it* I contacted Smoke Ring finally about 300est* 
Tluy were doing nothing about It ee X asked if it was possible for something 
like thie to happen* even though we gave then all this information, without 
anything being done about It* Tbo man who was supposed to be in charge and to 
whom X had boon talking, said he guessed 30* Then another voice cans on who 
identified himself ae the Combat Officer and said that *U the information was 
being forwarded to higher authority and would not discuss it any further* I 
insisted X wanted to know if It was being forwarded tonight and he said yes, 
but would not give me my hint as to vhat was being done about all these things 
flSl^ig around Washington*. He tried to assure ma that something was being done 
about it* I asked too how he was getting his information* He said they would 
est it fro* Thorn^rke and A J*. He were then t«ld by A 34 t»»t they had no way 
of forwarding it to them* Sacks Ring then said that they were not really 



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ooncsrnod about fit anyuay, that ■ somebody RlMWd • aujtpesed tri ^handle ^fc»& .2 fc" : 
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* ; ^ 1!?3 thao"«iCth»t AW was supposed to here f orwarded it to tkiblXl&&''^£+-:- : - 
'; but when I cheeked with AH* (05053) they said the Ao had|gone back to bed v ' 

and the report would go in later. They confirnad the above by saying that 

they could not give it to anyone tonight* 

It would be extremely difficult to write this so that it Is in a logical 
saquanee due to the confusion that eaane to' have existed throughout the 
whola affair* For example, ASM called ua and askad what we utettod thaw to ■■ 
do with the information «i had given them. (This took place of tor 050$8)* 
At about 0530B Controller ititohay raportad aaalng 10 torgeta in the vicinity 
of AIM Mhleh waa eonfirnad by tha other sail in radar and X want in and 
counted 7 or 8 In scattered positions which indicated a very ra^^Ld movement 
if thay vara tha saaa ones seen near A3f. This report was forwarded to both 
AW and HFS* It was at thistiaai that MPS adrlsad thay had detorainad that 
none of tha inforaetion we had been e^fixus to AIM was fomardad in accor- 
dance with procedures'. HFS adriaed however, that thay ware following up 
with their own report* 



At 05IiQB 7 targets counted in area., 



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BALTH-KJS3 HEWS POST 



Batimore, Maryland, 22 July 1$$2 



EI H2PLY TO QUESTION: 



1. "i/e have received a prelirdnary report on the .V/ashington 
radar sighting of 19 July, but have not evaluated it»" 



2. "We have received a feu reports of radar sightings in 
the past, but these have been identified eitlier (a) as known 
conventional objects or (b) due to radar malfunction." 



All other questions (There were nanyl) were referred to 
PIO USAF. 



JEWS INQUW FROM MR. J 



ASSOCIATED PH2SS 



Columbus, Ohio, 22 July 1?£2 



Hsquested statistical information on past saucer sightings, 
and information on current sightings. 

deferred to PIO, USAF. 



9. W. Taylor, Lt Col, USAF 



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1 September 1561 



Dsar Mr^ 

At 11: kO P.M. S.D.T. en, July 15, 1952, Air Scute Traffic Control 
radar operators picked up from seven to ten unidentified images on 
their radar at the ttmhlngtcn national Airport. The unidentified » 
images appeared to bain the vicinity of Andrew AFB, Mweyland, and 
seeia to b* traveling at approximately 100 to 130 MFH* -■ She ARK Center 
advised Andxeva AFB wad the Military Flight Service Center at 
MIdd2etavn, Pennsylvania, and a^wewte radar center Bona 200 sttl^a 
from Andfctm A?B* r/; v ' > *. J - v -^ • 

According to the controller and later confirmed by Air Force 
source* jFJtaireve AFB radar operators vere unable to pick up these 
inges csv their radars* 

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At apprcocimrteay 3:15 A,Nf* E*D.T., July 20, 1952* a pilot of a 
Capital' Airlines flight, outbound froa national Airport, reported 
sighting several lights between Washington, D# C* and Martlasburg, 
Vest Virginia* 11»y^ vtre described as moving rapidly up and down and 
horizontally, as wall as hovering in com position* Shortly there* 
after the pilot of a Capitel-totional Airlines flight reported that 
a lights bad followed him f raa Berrndon, Virginia to vi thin four miles 
of tox*ct>Jovn at Waehlhgton Stations! Airport* * This information uas: 
relayed ;to. the propi^^Air Foiw. agencies, including the Air Force 
Iirtelligttc* Sectlont^in. the Pentagon and the Aerospace Technical 
Intelligence Center; (OBAF). ' Th* solution for these sightings ?&« ; . 
relatively. aiaaple ait naa quickly found* . 

S» radar and visual sighting* vere do* to a temperature inversion; 
■whieh.itta prevalent "■**, the*-tl»»f .:,Thls if an t&normX atmospheric /* 
condition -vfaerein a. layer of cool air overlays a imxmt&*&r laasa and 
a duct la formed through which^ radar pulses, travel and reflect ground 
target»"ftaa great distances** Badar pulaee^acmmlly travel in a. 
stxmigtet line and therefore are limited In; range for picking up surface 
target* ;idien interfered vith by the curvature of the earth 1 s surflace* 
Signal: strength of the pulse aetlon is also a consideration* 3a 
inversion permitted a "ducting" action to occur resulting in the signal 
(noraaUy line*of •sight) following the earth's curvature, thereby ;/ 



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1 Seotc-ober 1961 



Dear KA, 

A*, 3UL: to :\JU E«D,T* an JU3y 19# 1952, Air Boute Traffic Control 
radar orpwmtorfii picked up freo mtch to ten unidentified images on 
their radar at the Uuhiagtoa Bfctlonll Airport* The unidentified 
i^agea appeared to be in the vicinity of Andrew AFBj» Maryland* and 
seem to 1m traveling at apgrratlmtcly ISO to 130 M?H*- ¥he AECC Center 
advised Andrew AIB and the Military Flight Serrtec Center at 
'tLddletoau, Ftoaaylvania, and a. mwte radar center acne 200 niles - '. 
fra* Aadrev* AFB* * '■:- , ,, : v ^ + ■ J <"•-''■ ';- 

A eo ec rd i B g to the controller and later eonflnaed by Air Force 
aource#jt Andrew AJB radar operators vers unable to pick up these 
laa^ea on their radars* ^ r --: : Vv t ; : ^ 

Atappnoifflataly 3:15 A,M* £,3>.T* f JUly 20, 1952, a pilot of a. 
Capital Airline* flight, outbouod from fbtlcoal Airport, reported . 
ulghtlxig several lighte betysen .Ifcshl igtoa, D# C. and M&rtlnsburs, 
r *est Virginia* Biey w re described aa moving xapidly up and down and 
iorisoetolly, aa will as hovering la erne position* Shortly thcre- 
arter. the pilot cfi Capital-Mfcttonal Airlines flight reported that -" 
a light had followedkbia froa&eradon, Virginia to within roua* aUea 
of tottt2tfova at ttu&iagton R&tlooal Airport* Eria Inf oxoation >oa 
relayed? td the proper Air Fore* agencies, including the Air Forfctr 
Int^Ul^mce Sectiotr in the Ftartagca and tha Aerospace Technical 
IntitT,%|aroee Center (0SA7)* Vm eoluttca tar these sighting* i»a 
r*a**±*s3ar slavla'aaJLiNr quickly .ftoad# *af * \ v ' - ; ^k ' ■ *■■?.■*> > * v/ 

Sbfr:»4ar and vlaoetl frighting* ivere due to a tesnpewtnre lnventflit 
which\me prevalent^**, the tlaa^'nla ia n'.itaml ktwaBBbeil?.-;^/^^ 
coodltfea nhertla MUymr of wtm air overlays a cooler air raaa Vv*^ ' 
(an increase lntt8O|0emtun: vith beiglrt aborartha earth 4 * surface) . . ' 
and adact la fon^ttowigh Mtdtitx radar poises tiaveloai retflBct - 
3Mui^^aiget* txcm;&mt distance** Badaarpolaea aoraally tmwl 
in a^atanlght lioe aal ; theraftap^axe llnlt^ In xang* iter: picking ' 
up tfurUfcee taiseta v i£ea iatetfeired mtli by the eurwtaie of the iarth'a 
f3ujfae«t ^ agaal atxmgth of the" pulse action la also a cona! delation* 
rha iirrersian pexsdtted a ^dnotlag 1 * action to occur yeaolting In the 
signal (aoxsally line-Kxf-aleht^ folloulag the, earth's curvature, thereby 






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picking up taxsrfc* at great** tiara nonml distances* TSam invoraloa also 
explain* tha visual aij^itioga bacaaua with a layer oaf ^ara air aver 
coal air tba path of light raya la IftQgtbeasd to pareJJL&l tha earth* s 
ourftw* at areata* distances* Bits camittioD often may causa a aixag*. 






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M&Jar> USA* 

UFO ProJ«ct Oftlear 

PufeUa Information Division,^* 

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19 A?rll 1961 



Tour letter* of April J?th to the Depertaaat of Defense concerning 
uuldmttfled flying objects has beea referred to this ofrice. 









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"3H*e U5X> eigfrtiags you refer to are la connection uith the following:; 
at Hip jm* HJT,^ July 19, 1$52* Air Eoute Traffic Control radar operators 
*im sanrae^to ten "iaatg&s* on their radar screens at the K&tiaaal 

In Washington, DpC. She unidentified ''blips* sppeajred tobe la 
th* vicinity of Arfreve Air Force Sase* Maryland, a few miles ESg of 
^ufclbgtaa HatloEP^L Airports, Speed of these "object** appeared to he 
agrgrmiMtel j 120 npju JffllCC advised Aidnwa AFB art the Military 
Flight? Service Cteter* as mil: as a reaote radar center mam 20O alias 
trrm Andrews* Andreas AFB rsdar> according to the controller and later 
coadEfiRned by Afcr Tore* sources, vas unable to plcfc *p these ta»ge« oa 
t.hatffjcsdar scopes* The next day, at 3x15 asu EOT, & Capital Airlines 
pHofe£ outbound fra Batlcosl Airport, reported sighting scleral lights 
cetsean Baahingtoa* » D*C* and Mertinsburgj Ifest Virginia* They were 
described as noflog rapidly iq* and down aad horizoatally, as veil as 
hovnriag ** ona position. Shortly thereafter, another airlines pilot 
Inhoand to National Airport reported that a li^fcrt had followed his air- 
craft from 3undoa r Virginia*/' to vlthln fbur miles of national Airport. 
Allaof this Intbraatlaa vae relayed to the Air Force Intelligence Section 
la ^bfr Beatagoa and the Aerospace Technical Intelligence Ce&ter at 

ittersoa; Air Force Beam, Ohio*, r , 

aolntloa^ftar thesaalght.1 ngs i«a s relatively siapls and qidekly .- 
[be** sightings, both radar aodfirieual, vera due to t e ap fttatu r* " 

As inwreloa ijrralvea a laj*T~of relatively ^ems air ovarlay**^ 
|tlr aaeytod m dtttrtlm foiaead ttaough widch xedax pulses travel * 
at groand*t*xgpta £rm great distances* Badvr pulses normally 
1^wy*K4* a straight Una epd are thereby Halted la range for picking 
u^ oqnjaaea target* due tOibcrQt the earth's- eurwtoreji aa vail as sigeal 
Btxwajfii, and tfaa^ducting capsea tha fti©*el to folio* the earth5e curves 
tursjff^aierefora all raring for/return* Awa surface target at greater 

u B» iewpermture Inyeraloa also explains the 




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to parallel tha earth's aurrtca at graatar diataacea aad tola caaditicet 
in wmy Inataocaa causa visual mirage* : : 

Enclosed ywt Vlll Jln4 * copy or tba latest. Tact sheet* n Alr Forca 
U?0 Bflport.'* 




I Jcopa yutt flod this Infbimttoa helpful* 



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ir^Thl* i» ta^ acknowledge your latter of 26 March concerning 
unidentified flying objected -r ;^; ., 



^t^?Alr Force ooncluaiona on the 1952 Washington (visual and 
-T^^}^%i^ittoe^(un that-they vex* oausedrbya^ teiperature V 
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# f The fireballs you refer to in the Korean, var vere probably 
eeoppBdC by one of two thingaratatic electric- phencwena w auch aa 
St^Xlm'a fire/ or -reflections of light by email vhirlpools or 
Yortieee of air created by anil irrt gala rit lea of the aircraft 
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^^rinollyr dct^ruined that ALJ vould handla* 

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/7V1 >*lldu|jj| 11*^ ^-sd if tfcejf c:»uld fesc thou ah^:^4*i^dvised ; th&? -f^Hf 
' '■:' ■ V "■&''• ^1 *.t rJ * ^fefe^iintcin x^cs th*n t?i -sqjfcsd , th** >#ipVen^ i. 

>dVis4sa r thdt it was func^i-nin^ s^O^ac'toMl;. irvl i*>nfli*iW it with' a,Jte.Ms:ft 
' :>f^k?rl (This lud tells' no ho fcvi£ b^^r, ;prkinj :-n this squipT^nt far fiT-j ', 
^■jirs, 30 gu.*a.s hit knws what he is ioLrij). T-ia targets tf r* not.Lcad fust 
t 'aui--i south of n*TJ so we ask ad tti** /L^' to^r to 1-nfc ani sse 1_f t*;3y sarf'>arc f ~ 
thins, alsj *^:ked ADtf approach : 9'onLf>l to phaek flcjvas; .£** lud a^ LU :»n, 
■ th-3 roof with glasses whc spotted ;:p cfcg&ct that l}j>:ed to '* clangs, in. color 
\iirul appeared -tg be 1 just: h wring in 'tto vicinlt/' of AIM, T*\*y :f*v utlicrs -s 
■>lr^ 'went ca with varying descriptions* Host of vh*s ■ inf or.&itt in vas ^:V*- n 
._! to -Viiorndyk© ^r4 12^ witn tna -expectation that tht„: w-jn£d ran an inV^rM^t. 

^.:.VThe i&^dslqn racaivad frofljjj I^U'thi eiX>ct t;*2-t ^ore l information 

: -'Vw naeded to order an intirc^wK^^tbid'ithM "o-jlt equipment was-; giving us 
'%''$&> i readings so we votI-TL-j fflbla ta d^aiy vectoring that ri^htfbe necessary 
b^;t they sagpsd v> be 1 earing it all ur& to Srwka :iin£. -^s tirawora en, pilot 
reports ward iv waived - r r 7 saw 7 jr tha ofcjacU b^cwaan ,;uhin£ton : "aad 
. *^*tinflburs : v<y-i3usly des'-ril-ei ~s Li^Lts tlwt :.-v*d '/ar^* r.t;-Vdly t u? and i^wr. 
;v.. ; a^risouUilIj aa wel" r a: hr^e^in^ f.n one 'pos^i-.j* mi -;^V' ^^^ oa-* -cv 4 « in 
, v.^i.fi : >ii fr.v> x'ttirvl H^rr 4 5;: »nd f ^ I ^"hin ts witr/;t I4 iull-^ ; ^r Vnxh-lrvai, 



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Tiey V3ro,*isini; nothing about it 50 I wired if it w^i possitlq £\:-r ^.a^tnin^ 

-,l<-3 thi3 ti hajipan, e^n t^vjqjh we ,,;aye. than all t-iis inf'^nwtiort, '.'Wth^it 
a.: fc L/uins bcln^ dona about ic* . THfc " "iiv ^ho was oiiopiscd to fee ia charro ^r,d t,-j 
■J^-.ia I :ud b^i 1 t.-^lki;^:, ?ii'd ha ^u^?:*5ad so* V;.:/n iu3V a9r voice ca^e :.n vto i 



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pl^-ristad I wanted to la»v if it was' baid^'foryara ad ^tonight and ht? said yes, 1 



^but *,wald nnt jI*m ji# a^- Jvtht assV-,:;:^ ^v' ^ir^^ie ©tcut 413 th'^se thlncs 

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tilz l?s,. aroufli.'.- .t:a$.hitistdrv.:;;.ife-'tPiV<i U-' «kJRur^'n(£' thi^'i^w^' J ng was L-.iiing don» 
M..ut it,' I »sV.e«i too htwheiMs.a gottitig hiis i :if or siaildn* K* ruid tKey would 
G=t It f!'C&'t'h-3nttfyk»>nsl'.-a:y. Vis wcr^then u-lc bjr'-iSR«,That- th<- 
or i'oruardl'ng It tc thiar.. Saoke Ii:r.~ then saii tl.it "tifc-'.-.v^ >.^ 



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Air Traffic CQitroVnt ^itioriii .Mr port i\-->» if i-j-.l Soiling Up^raU-O'ifl 
thai they ha J sighted jtraiige object j on their radar screen. "S/Sgt 
>ti£}iard Lacavaj opera Mjns dispatchar notified th^ Boiling Airdrop 
Officer and alerted the jolling Mobile Control To^r # ->Aa*" ^ QI1 £■ 
^iLsoQ, Tower operator! scanned tho sklos visailly and reported that 
ho saw an un identified 1 , ravin dish object drifting low in tho oky about* 
3^ven :nilej southeast of 3olLing ^ir force Base, V^ said it waj of 
x;out thd iiite^usity ol a star and whito-i'ibsv in color. It was visisla 
.for a few riimites* (TC.X: 0200, 20 July 52) 



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REPORT 



JH'l-^r: u < . i ted ?ly^i^ Ji^cl :^.y - or? $ 



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C J At*G£ OF T><£ NATIONAL AIHPOR T VMS MING TO*, ft C..A R.T. CONTROL C t N I ER ON P" F filf-H T OF J'it < 1^ l>M\ 
":MlfcFY,*Jl£ S r ATi3 INAHE^?AP£S ARTICLE , V. 'J uM J09 IS TO CCN5TA*TL*r MONITOR Tm£ '.KiES AROUND T*£ 
>AT:Qn'* Ci^lTOL **TTM T^t Ei-ECTFO^iC ETTE OKtfAOAH.,/ SHOHTLY A/ T£R VIpNfGHTON TmAT GATE, SE/tN t*JPS 
•i>>**t,4*E0 SUOQtHCY ON THC C0VT30L CENTER'S SCO^\ eD NmSfcHT. Jl M L^tLAND, AkJ Jlvl ftlTChCY, ALL EXF*ft- 
1fc*C£D *AQA« CCNrHOLLt»»,CHECK£D FHi 09St **VArO M). TMEAIKPCHT rfwTWUL Tn*P.H «AOAJlO*EHAr3«VSRI- 

* ?tt r*€3AW£ ytSMTiMl. THEY XEREOVEtf * THE XESTBfCTED A#EJS Of WASHINGTON, JMCLUOiNG TH£ 
/y/7F HOUSE a wo the CAPITOL " 



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"I ca* SAEEtr QEDVCE that 

rH^T ^RCOflwEO GYRATIONS WHICH 

PErffMM. BT THIS I Mf.A* THAT 
CM SCOP* SKCWED THAT THtT 



" t+ ,ano complete fisrsfiSMs 

Of ft 13 NT . .* 





**#J? IN HY OfJNIOWCOULO ,4jW 

MTUfi4L PHENOMENA w* 
as SH00T/M3 3TA#S t ELECT fit- 
CJt &}5TU$BJtNC£S t Q*ClCitM 

ACCOUNT TOP TH£5£ SPOTS ON OUH > 




*NOT TO M£NTIOW PlEflMAfc'S ACTUAL 
VISIBLE SIGHTINGS Of THE CfcJ£CTS<— 
COS. 



' M* MR VQBCf DUG DE*P TN AH EFFORT TO 5QLIPM OUT 

of nns sighting, at^oclockoh juLY?s,i95? t A 



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A LAY£& O^ tftf« A** LIES 
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L*3hT ftAr$ AflC fl€FXAGTt& AS 
TH«y A#jfJ fNtOVtH. If A TEM- 
FOtATU«-ffcVE«3JO## IS STfiCW* 
EMUSH... 10 TO iS QEMZSS 
QtFFIAE*tC£..X\*nT HAYS MA* 

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'Mas t#€ **$*€*? 



JUST TWO POINTS* 
BOYS: 

(1) THE ACTUAL 
TEMPERATURE- 

INVERSION 
OVER WASH- 
INGTON ON THE 
NIGHT OF JULY 
19/52, WAS 
JUST ONE 
DEGREE 
FAHRENHEIT! 
AND (2) YOU 
FORGOT THE 

VISUAL 
SIGHTINGS'* 






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INTERCEPTORS 



CHASE LIGHTS 
IN D. C. SKIES 



Radar -Detected 
Objects Escape 



■ 

* Jtt fighters of the Eastern In- 

terceptor command last night 
were eJerted to reach the Wuh* 
Jetton area "in a matter of 
minutes" If "flvlnt saucers'* paid 
a second visit within 24 hour*. 

The ^fetg roared into action late 
j Saturday nljht when * new 1dt** 
Lion of "saucers" was picked up 
;on radar here. 

f Two Jet pilots, sent up t*y the 
Air Force to investigate the mys- 
terious objects, pursued the- sau- 
cer* but were unable to make con* 
Uct before they disappeared. 

Thv Air Fortt announced that 
the gtrange phenomena, 'netween 
four and twelve In number/* were 
first sighted at 9:08 *ira> Satur- 
day by radar operator* at the 
CAA air route traffic control cen- 
ter at National airport. 

No Definite Pattern 

"There was no definite pattern 
to the objects" according to the 
Air Force announcement. At 11:35 
pm. two F9e Jet fighters were 
oidered aloft by the AJr Defense 
command to Investigate, 

Tlie fighter pilots reported they 
w*ie unable to get kny closer than 
two nttlpJ to the queers which 
they said were only iwnUy visible. 
One of the tilers said the saucers 



A "steady white light" WW 
spotted by the pilot about 10 
miles east of Mount Vernon a 
few minutes later. When he 
aoomed off In pursuit the light 
fadjp4 ^d the n w ent ou t; 

The object*, meanwhile* were 
spotted on radar equipment at 
Andrews Air Force base. Operators 
reported "a Ion? series of sightings 
off and on until midnight** Ap> 
patently, they said, the objects 
were flying a short distance south 
of the base at a "slow rate of 
speed." 

DaLa Screened 

Capt. E. J Huppelt. who hf*ds 
the Air Yvrcr t investigation of 
"firm* *»-cc: ^. ' ^»d at hu !n*me 
in Dti^n. ^t>^. :.i-,: nxM ^t h*4 

■mi* uirr W + i%n,nv*on and l^at 
lh^ lr*form4::un H row br :ng 
wrrrened. 

The "■saucer" etpert reported 
that *cr-t-**il Ajt Force personnel 
was sent to National airport when 
the objects were picked up on ra* 
dar to make an ''on the spot' 1 in* 
vesltga tlon. 

Capt. Rkippclt, explaining that 
moat of the "saucer 1 ! Information 
U "highly classified," aclcnowi* 
'edged that a good portion of the 
reports he receives are spurious. 

"People are seeing * lot, of 
things In the sides these days/' he 
said. "But we're continuing to in- 
vestigate and look into all re- 
ports/ 1 

Jet interceptor planes attached 
to the Eastern Air Defense com- 
mand are standing by on round-tha 
dock duty to zoom out arter 
" 'saucers" if any more are picked 
up nn radar. 

Col Jack C. West, (ommandlng 
officer of the 142d filter inter- 
ceptor wi'iadron at New CV,fIe ( 
Del., siiitl his mt-n are midv *nl * 
momnt's notice" if new objects are 
spotteVt oveMhe Washington area. 



Seeend Incident 1 
; Neither of two Jet plan** which 

swung into action shortly after 
the 'teaucers 11 were sighted was 
able to pick up the objects on the 
planes' radar equipment Only vis- 
ual sightings were made 

First Lt William L. Patterson* 
attached to the 142d fighter inter* 
reptor squadron, said he spotted a 
"bright light* about five to ten 
miles In front or his plane and 
streaked off to investigate. He 
approached to within two tolleg of 
the object and it disappeared. 

In the other Jet, Capt* John W. 
McHugo, of the **"•'■ W**™*- 
wu Pytng at a higher aJUlodeand 
ah .unable to i:r,pv tne object. 
ilJ rrpuited ar*ir-g vnty "wml 
t;nlun piajce* to the ar^ " 

Two other >u took o« la the. 
Ascend fueht bu* faded 1# pacsi 

M> a trace nt T fv* **-**n ' They 
wrre flown by Captains Francis 

T Evjn* ;r .T..; J'il-n C t,*:;* 
h-.in nt The 121 ■' f. -r.Ler ;n:rT*P- 
Tru squi*cron, O.cn * a* ir-ti- 
frrrerf recently frrfm Anare*s Air 
Force base to V* Cattle on tern- 
penary duty. 

A CAA jip"Jtf«m&r! Mid the oo 
ir,-u were be:*.rren "10 aivd 20 
mile*" from Washington *fcen 
Uiey appeared u« me. radar screen 
e T National Mrpi'rl. K.irh tinv 
Uiey appnircd. he e\pUi:ufil, it 
i;i<t from a djffrrrm dtrrcumi 

This wa^ Ih* ^*'*>nd nine ;he 
jumcis wrie pikkrd up by racier. 
n«iiy lust v.rrk bn^fiMi m^ph .ir*d 
trrj Of Ihr pUi'^p oUuvL^ ^rrr 
MiihLrd by nutiu i*i»pi aim* al .hf 
jrij-ptMt. Tv.m mrliup mU 1 !- :il ^ 
mih 1 1 ip viuici'h »Iki h l!u-\ N;i * 
weir flvin« ilji ;uul iIcmi :»i*i r^-i 
havered mi ihr nr 'Hip Mwd *^ 

liPL«rrrt 100 tilhl 1 l.'i rm'r* an hon; 



Relief S*»t t> 
A CAA spokesman expU 
Miat objects sighted on r: 
^L^ow«ld definite "blips" on 
Mrcen, indicating contatK v 
aoiid objecU rather than lie 
He, said the "blips*' were ::iar 
to those given off by ge#-Ji*i 
craft. 

The first two Jci planes wt 
spotted tlie saucers wer» ce 
off the cheat at 1215 a>m, ye? 
ci^jy: Tup relief Jets r.-eje ^^nt 
atj 1:40 am. and continued sc 
hv-c the area until about L J -0 a 
ftc^ordine to the Air Fntrr 
fiirther rontatt wjs mnir. r 
ever, 

A CAA j»if Hafllt* COi'rv 
m e a n tl + h i I p fire Ured ^iaa. 
my-.tsfied nv *::* f.i*-f tl^aL 
^0;^t:i i*^T*r^rt: ;■» »rre .::v^ 
*j o'l^r ;-.*re* :n t*\+ *:^» *t 
»j^;* \-r,r ;.t» r*!T b*»:^t * '"' , 
v fi . h j ■■r*j ui[V 

(ar".**! *rjki *r:r» **,*! ♦»* sr»f 

8 it m ;>in nrary of U*^ ^1 

*n f ! % ^ *»rra r.-nJlcnt ^t »r.f*h 
- -v^ ■ ^.*" ** ^err d*^cr"*o^g: 
f?-*;n W* contacted * uurr.o*T 
*.rcrar:, Fave* the pt:ots thw j 
tu^e and pr*;uon of tn^ ocn« 
enri s^neri mem ^o t*ie a toe 

The TZiL*; expert said the 
>v;s f ttrre aneloirom to Airrr 
moving ai s slow rate of ip 
-100 to 129 miles iu twww — * 
dul not lock luce clouda or r*t 
phrr\omena which is vmUe 
rs^ar." ; 



WASnTrtOPQa 

TIMBS-HSRUJ) - 
JUl/ 23, I? 









■ ■■-•■ -v- '-:*3 






New-Model Flying Saucers Seen Over Capital . 

WASHINGTON, July -1 i.ft-The ( coiv*d only a preliminary report | Company officials laid the »ir- 
riisctaaed tonight it has *n*i therefor* doe* not know why port picked up radar "Nipt* 1 -/" 



Air Koive 



t-Lvei\«i reports of an eerie viaita 

tinn by unidentified aerial object* 
perhaps a, new r>pc of "ifylng. 

saucer"* -over the ildnty of the 

na ton's capital. 
For the first time, so far as 

Known, the objects were picked Up 

by ivuKir -indicating 



atdru-e rather, (ban mere 
In addition, they were described 

a* ivav clinic at i' ak> w 1W 

m.p h, instead ot with the 1 

»bic iuiftne** nUribfifed to earlier, jovU 

tut morn — although at 

srntf tip end down, 
Th? "objects' were also de. 

lirrilied ti*' bote ring in one po*i- 

lion. , i 

>«> ivrKRCEPTJO* TRIED 1 

Ihr Air Forte awirt no plant* 



no attempt at interception 
made. 

The Air Traffic Control Center 
at Waihingtoo National Airport 
juat acrou . the Potomac River 
(mm the capital, reported that its 
radar operator* picked up eight ol 
the alow-moving objects around 
, midnight last Saturday. They were 
actual yibti flying in the vicinity of nearby An- 



li tact with atrial object*— and *dV~ 
Capt Picrman to keep a watch oat 



for any unusuaj objects In the sky. 
Shortly thereafter, official* paid, 
Pierman reported back to the dis- 
patcher* tower that be had spotted 
a group of object*. 
Pierman, then flying at normal 
light; -'drewa Air Force Base. ] cruising speed of 180 to 200 m*p^, 

cribedl The center said Capital Aiiline!, re P or !* d rJw ! , th * cb ^ u >*** 
to O)' Flight 807. southbound from Na- ttr * v * iin * Wlth t trenw, ™ u » *t*- 
ni'red. tional Airport, reported seeing ob-icaJ speed -moving rapidly up andj 
between Washington and down-and then suddenly ehangfoja 
time* they i Mart Insburjr. W\ Va . at 2:15 a.m./P*** \ ,nt " .* he J «"« to haofc 
EST, the same night. imotionJew w The sky- v ^ 



LIKK FALLCftt 3TAK5 

Official* of Capitsl Airlines saidl 
SOT. Capt; 



Tfrad, Achy* 



E E T ? 

j ■ tmootli, toatiiiniv fo#t pre?*- 
ration thit reiittc* fowt iroubl* 
quickly. Atk jour drnssht ler : * 



the pilot of Flight 

"Caney" Pierman of Detroit, a' 

rveterau of 17 > cars' service with r ~ 
were »enr out in an attempt to in-j me tQmpattV , Ipotl€4 , he o©i#ctsi TrT 

i*nepr the objects, and no sight* and described them in these 
»n«* wore reported by *■ Operation | voids: 
Skywatc^^ round-^ f^MACICS FOOT LIFE 

sround^&ww operation mrnvfr * lW0U » ££2^ jl* ■ •.*' ■ 

derway**immd the Nerttoen»>axc , "■* tL 

of the Unfa* State* ***&$:■ * 

The-Air Fom aaid ft baa^^ .;«; 

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3-1 

; £ . Wasliington„ Radar^ Reports 
Latest "Flying Saucer^" 



Men 
one 
•?rs' 

ty 




Ir iiwri^ rt«* 

WASHINGTON, July 21 r Tho Air Force disclosed tonight it 
has received nportt of an lerla visitation by unidentified aerial 
objectt— perhaps a new type of "flying saucer* '-over the vkinlty 
of the natloa's'fcapitaL _,\ „ * l > - 

Fop the tint time, tofuai known, the? objects were picked up 
by radar-4ndicatliur actual substa nce re thee than mere light 

In addition, they were- described 
as traveling at a slow 10t> to 130 L 
mile* per hour— Instead of 'with 
the incredible swiftness attributed 
f;> iMrlier saucers — although* at 



w ,iT7\f% they shot up and town*: , 
'Pi* "ohiecti" were also de- 



coiddjtylutvebeen aircraft They 
werejooovioy too fast for that. 

HrtwSKjreTfcV about 'the same' 
size as^the -brighter atari. And- 
wera MiucJkdujper than our 6,000 1 
foot Sjltitadet^ Couldn't estimate 
the samfc accurately, *V 

*Tl««aW^taTOper;> I didn't 
ipvak^tbaouasr Hytnc taucers— 
oniyvafa^Utt moving lights/ 1 



u : w-d a* hovering in one position, 

Tr.r Air Korea a^id no planes 

• -?*• vr.t out n in attempt-to 

-tm?« lh# ohrci*. And rift eight* 

■ i »Tf r^nP*"* 1 **** by "TT[Mraifai« 

• -*»irfv* *N* f*awd «hs*ejs*Si 

n-«#«-*« v *r*****4 tw asanaww erf 

rrrUmmmry Ufrt ^\r 'V 

T?w Air Fm» *ai4 Jt has re-i Shortly thereafter, offlclsls said, 
-*•:<. *d only a pr*kmlnary report,, Pvr7ri * n reported twk t$ »ha d*** 
jind therefore doe* not know why I,dtoh *™ tower that he hid spotted 



„ afffclalj **ld tha air- < 

frm MW^P r*dar "blip*"" — 1 

wtatitWPttBjr Arnjit object! — and[ 

"Saed OMaS a P>mnn to k**p a' 

„ for any umutial object* 



I 



\':\o attempt at interception wsj 
made. 

The air trafflc control center at 
Waihlngton National airport, just 
across the Potomac river from the 
capital, reported that its" radar 
operators picked up eight of the 
alow-movlna: objects around mid- 
night last Saturday, They wart 
flying la tha vicinity of nearby 
Andrews Air Force base * 

The center said Capital Airlines 
fight 807, southbound from Na- 
tional airport, reported seeing 
seven objects between Washington 
and Martinsburg, W. Va,, at 2;15 
a.m. the same night. 

Radar *RUpa* 

Officials of Capital Airlines said 

}Hf p i^ of ' J1 * nt **, Capt 
"Casey" Piennan of Detroit, a 
veteran of IT years' service with 
the company, spotted the objects 
and described them In these words: 
'They were like falling stars 
without tails," 

At his home in Detroit tonight, 
Pierman said: - 

"In my years of flying IVe seen 
| a Tot of falling or shooting stars— 

Uvhatever you cell them— but these 
were much fairer !h*n anything 



a i^oup of object.v 

Pi*rman. then 'Kin* at normal 
cruising speed of 1S<) lo 200 mph, 
reported that three of the objects. 
which had the appearance of; 
bright lights, were seen traveling* 
with tremendous speed. | 

No especial attention was paJdj 
to these, he reported to company] 
officials, because those threa could! 
be taken for failing stars. I 

Uter three bright lights were! 
observe* Plerman reported* flying! 
horizontally! and faat.at 
tremendous height Thev werel 
watched from three to five sec- 
ondly 

The pilot said he hadn't/ the j 
lightest idea of what tha things 
were. 



Routine. Report 

Offldala said Plerman madej 
only a routine report of the inci- 
dent and did not specifically say 
that what he saw were flying: 
saucers. 

The eight objects picked up hyl 
Air Force radar were said to bef 
traveling at slightly more than) 
ICO mph, ) 

The airport traffic control center! 

*aid another air liner, Capital* 

National Airlines flight 6t0, raw 

ported observing a li^ht following 

* from Hemdon, V*. p fr> within' 



else (bat Ivt ever seen. They; [our milra of Nttioiul airport. 




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end down and horiiontally at 
between 100 and 139 miles par 
haui 1 . appeared 09 radar screen* 
at the Air Route Traffic Control 
center, a civil aeronautics admin- 
Istration bureau at the airport, at 
approximately 3:15 ajxi. Sunday, 
CAA said* The saucers were raov- 
in? across the skies in the vicinity 
of Andrew* Air Force base here P 
the report declared. 

Pilot* See ObjecU 
;At least two airline pilots said 
tk-y saw the objects at about the 
time they were picked np by radar 
operators, * 

- CapiUl Airline* flight 807 
bound from National airport,^ 
ported seven lights between We 
ington and Merttneburg. W> Va: 
In addition to moving up *nd 
down rapidly, the object* *fe* 
said to have hovered in one po/ 
ton, the carrier 1*J4. / ( 

Another pilot, pit Caprtal 
tional Airlines flight elO, said 
mysterious light followed hU 
■ plane in from Herndon, vsu to 
within four miles of National air 
port. 

Sen Strange Lljht 
A woman spotter here with 
•Operation ekywtch.* the round- 
,*th*cloclc ground observer opera- 
,tioa, said she saw a "mange 
/ light" that looked like an M orange 
/.[Circle" hovering ovec the western 
part of Washington about mid- 
night Saturday. 
Mrs. Hazel Gordon, of li Forty^ 
-- ninth St. SE. t reported sighting 
* the object a few minutes after she 
left her observation post. Two 
spotters on dutj at the time, how- 
i f eve/, did not see the object, 
" The filter center at Baltimore, 
which receives reports of unldenti* 
fted planes from this area, an 
nounced that no sightings were 
turned In from the section where 
the saucers were seen. 

Captain 3. C* Plennan, of Capi- 
tal Airlines, said he spotted seven 
saucers us he began his early 
morning flight from Washington 
to Detroit. 

A veteran of IT years' Hying 
<vlth the airline, he repotted 
watching the oblectafor about! 12 
minutes. He finally lost si**t|of 
them when they went into wnat 
he described as a -terrific powsr 
tfive" near Martlrnburg. 



♦main 
inoo.1 Surjrty ion aii Xaqx ;nq 
juuistdxa aq iou ptnoo iprq* smap 
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apjouoj nipTJJo a3ua*HPiai 

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am '.Uaunotttrm trf ipumx jaua 
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»jb sMaanisi aqi leqj Ma.iattDq 
'aauapna o«t *r ajaqx ^mrqi 
juiLuiis jaifio Jto tfuojsnnf lean 



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a.tp ta-iodai xaonif ism paurst 
m uarjjo aouutftaitn uoiv?n?d 

pus jjqtiHAOtf strpnp fcia aonqoA 
i^ea,il poooss ^eajqino fusimo 
ain ut qiuooi e 001 moqe Jtnfai* 
At aie ifuodsn "i»ai ur »tmmp 
jo pootj ivnnn **tt *>ur* aorrj *n* 
ja usquaqiiif saui }*nj Sujftnoo 
1 3 lv jaiutuns i|tn kvocUj nones nn 

! i.v[J Ifflfl psr¥SfA4I MJC\£ JJY **U, 

dfl p»dd>lS nJ*dill 

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! ^u«j STJtiio ilia tnq ^3»fqo [tuofi 
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"noafqiiiiuejis 

atn jo nU^isiui am sutAios Hn maqi 

; pta Aum.iiDiuja visp >a« tr^pi sjot 

. -uiiu^Aui apfacud Xeut uo^SAiaa 

-qo J9pti sin *a|ii|J«ii9ui 'pfgeurtoi 

! -synods luaomidap aauajaa V 

«I0^£ JfV »H oi 

tuaqi p*iiodw pui xiojjoh J«u 
sxaonet ;o iqiTTJ w po|)od» jt»n 
Plis tftotid taiAJTV uiapaatv u« 
o:*x '^ 3 » tA 'P 01 'PWO *ia* 1W1 
uoiJStimsiAi strt ■»*© siosfqo tno 
1 -laai&Aoi sin m sijodsi aitfairs 

'mod*! laonn irifirj 
,3uiipnji o) pwMp 'onto uo» 
I^W Pl>U IQlplS 1* norpat up 
•ad* i irtq jjhm «^X 'wjo,dr ^rv 
■ am oi jsao ir pwjn* tpiqm wo 
' o) pa.ii[aj sua uodai Manj aqx 
sM*4ag Jsoais ^ar^«a 
saAip jamod omi UMop ioqs 
. tim uaq.» rt s4%ii iarne; J*> sieuioo 
'HM pa^oot„ xain iitr* lujnmdj: 
;-xa **psads itani9.\ ^eaag ifitnl 
le KMdjns pw9udxa *h "„Ti»*ttU 
, (BU»mouaqd ^e saqan iqlsiqil 
: uma Su|a[j„ gv snaafqo ain PKW 
, -jp uonaas nton^ado «rq o) tjod ' 
■aj uauM-* i u| 'uitoiaVa *idao t 
uon3»fP ^au A[axntr» ui trt I 
au(t«AU4i uorMOd layout uo gpnojt 
■jjb mi[tiM j^addtajoY a'ioo usexnf| 
»qi jo uon^od auo uioj; a«addtU 
sip Ai[Tnioisi3oo ptnoj* toitt prtsli 
,J01&[3dO uy 'WO o; 3U]pjOOOS|i 
■siaones ai£g dn pa^d ^nq^utsai 



[afled |«f| moai panaritioo) 



-luiu-uwfivu -ua- 



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Air Force disclosed lost 
weived reports 01 
„ eerie visltltton by unldentl- 
t ed aerial obiectj-perhaps ■ * 

"*■ type »r -aytaj "**« r ' n T, 

vtr the vicinity of the Nation. 

VoMh. first time. ** f« «* 

m-wn the' object* were picked 

£?£' radar -indicating actual 

,Vut»B* rather than mere 

' They were deicrlbed aa travel- 
W hour— toaUad of ^5 

'times they shot up ■n**>"«' H - 
scribed « havering to on* P<>* 

U Ti» Air Force ^ m ^jri 
coived only • prollmlnanB^Ji 
nurt and therefore doewmot 

at Washington National Airport 
iSnottSnS- radar operator* 

ilaK object* *bout ^"^SL in 
! Saturday. They were ftytolto 
I the vicinity ot nearby Andrew* 

r Th?'5in2r J- .'ld Capital Ato- 
«,S*nSS«T. southbound. 
Irom H-W Airport, reported 
.cemg seven objects J****" 1 
Washington and M**™*"* 
W. Va.. at 3:15 >• »-. the same 

!f Sitrt Airlines said th»! pilot, 
irjot "Casey" Pierraan of »e- 
IvSl lTye*r* with the conv 
JanyV de*£>bed the object, to 

th -TheT2i. 1U» faUi»r.Ur* 

without ttflg/' ' . . „ llt (k. 

CompgBi officials *«**.»• 

airportpJAfduP't^SSL 

-contact *itb aerial gjj 1 - 

mid aatod- Capt. PlermM. to 

ikcep a watch out for anjF n»- 

1 usual obJecU In the sky^ y* 

i^rU.. then flying ai'«£ 

mat cruising speed of 180 i to 2W 

'ni. p.b.. reported toe objects 

, w £ traveling ^V^X 

Wlous vertical speed -o»*»g 

rapidly up and down-end then 

sulbenly changing pac^ until 

u5 seeroed' to hang rootionlew 

I 1 " t£ ""S&port traffic control! 

center aaid ""* h «r ^feSl 
Capital-National Airlines Flight 
I BIO. reported observing flight 
following it from Herndon, Va, 
••This information ha* been 
irp'ayed to thepropet Air Force 
verities «* the Air Forte 
i i* investigating the matt**. «• F 
i announcement, said.- t 





trig Saucers 

SK'Y'lBJECIs! 
SEEN ON SCOPE 




F iVi 



— '-( , 

DatarTurned Over! 
To Air Force 



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The Air Force Jaat night , wa* 
Jn^itijatinr report* that from 
wen to ten unidentified aerial 
objects were picked up by radar 
* f^eraton at National aijport 
tarty Sunday. 

ThU b believed to be thVfiwtj 
time that the mysterious "flying I 
saucen" have been detected by] 
radar line* hundred* of guch! ob- 
Xw were -g*fh ted Jtvenl jean 

CojjhuKCaiiiej Scare *.*% 
MeanwhU^rtbouaandj of north- 
west WtAlJfiifton mldenta but 
night wer* ^itemed by t Ntvy 
^ helicopter jrlfcft trmlled * Urge 
flight on a.tSJHoot eablt over the. 
Naval obgenrih^^TWrty-fowtli/ 
itrs^t and Mtaaacbu«tU artmu 
northwest, t-u^. . \ ^. , : 

Obaerratoir^Wf Dr John 
Halt told thi'^Tmea-Heraltf^taat 
the craft, dltjutchfd into th» i^ 
itrtcted air gpmce from the PEttji/ 
i ent Naval air station, wag aiding 
i the center In finding out "what 
ma^es the atari twinkle," 

Hall said" the experiment In- 
*ohvd determining the effec^ol 
atmosphere on - light, Tlie htU* 
copr^r hovered about the obaerra- 
tory ffiounda at altitudes rangQg 
between 3.000 tnd 8,000 feet, 

However, Hall said the obaerv- 
atoiy did not conduct any expert- 
-mtntKOver the weelcend and can 
oltev u! help In explaining the 
unicientiricd radar , *blipa." 



i "«* rwnnnwwaH 



immm Mm wmm*mn.T*n*r * tm tm w's i h i f i fw; i "^n f . e we m ^fnr wi at a rff * ! > !■ iwjWWWt i w«>aTf wlw m w nw» v w nr^ mrWn fi— w Mfaw 



;hLtslnShy,Airl'or,''.Udd 



■r^iveii i*Mio*^ , _. hr i™i oil 

., ■* 1,11 ICO* — »** * 

V-' **"'"'* «:fn, M so far » 

iii j fiisi li nil 

Hll - ih* mi pickup 

,,,m:e r*ln** l de*cnbertl 

U Edition i no v«e^ i3|) 

• **rv *•"' .... md no l - i; 

lttrc*p* In » . , lt ' fev -optr.it--"> 

lm*» »•■''•. r ";",' Jl0 uin*-*h«* 1 ""' 
l,kywiUl>. ,',, r „p,tnioH ■■•■'»; 

ad thei-c.»'* J"" aot Wn ° 



,.,!„, piA«<l ?* ,„'. *' mWnljilu 

Ust S»mtd»r ™ V ¥ W««» Mr 

t |. H vicinity pi neit '- v 

itMice B»se. ,..„;., i Airlines 

„ T, r L «sS"«i Sb^Sa '«•« -v. 

seven «*'« u - *?i* vv v* .' *' 2 ' 13 
i.vsl. ib«i*cn» "«*- , ,, 

***** °^ \ a— i-l *"'" 1 

tllf (t *ui i>» * 

, nil tin* Ap*" 1 / , j. j, (hre-f °' 
.p«bour r* P ..."^"« l „„ 






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IULTDIORE. TUESDAY MORMNG, JULY-; 



3JEGTS IN SKY 
W REPORTED 

£5rtne Told Raiar Picked 
*. Mysterious Contacts - 



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jlifhi«t Idei oi-whit 
wer*- 

Otfcials said pierm*a 
a rouiine report of the incfd 
did nm spfdficaJVy say 

R*port5 Li«ht 11 

Ajt i-'-^Vi?. radar were s*kU 

irtlr - p-.* I* iiltUf. 



'I '.if. 

■v H lM 

■IK appear- 1 uu.»r*i' 

■*■,> speed, j\a : .^ 
.h p^iri tf)j J 1 

i ve could ! i :tsri 



■ 



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■»rut)ii traffic control^ 
:^mi»er airline^ CapU 

1-^ ?i li-ttt lollowifti: 

ii Aui>ort* h 
^ iiiioinuuon has # 
i ) i.-,i» proper Air ** orfr 
- >^l the -^tf f***i 
mailer," ^* 



*; \zz saucer ^etsorts tSlj they *re hindled thjrmifit aontiii j 

> J ,-a'e hi^hpr ^lan Atjitatf chAnoels. Sines there t3 no j 
-^? Nie luiiul flood uij^pe^al pro T e^i in this Seid, no \ 
\ ;l ' 7 ' - I breakdown o[ cost Is ivuianS, 

* v -»ry «pfikv5irun siijd Reports are checked oy The Air J 
■ '.: v j* t« t h:^ ve.ir Teebairal intelligence Cemer/ 
u -^ r J Wrtsfl^P.ir-non Air Force Base. 
Dattrot, Oriin, 

Th# A'f. 3-orcc .vio-n^maji saja I 
tUdl oeith^r m*> ceiiier nor h^ad- 
quart^rs here has >*t receiver re* I 
port, nn ^i^h'i^^s 5did to hav* h(**>n] 
made i-jc{ yj'h'Uy in ihe ar^ii u^ 
Bur^nyoa. \\\ South Ponlaad.l 



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-. \\\\ i!t* N»r. P*rn-, 
' p*'."i'«l 01 I*' -S iS r 1J *Xt, 

jus Ijot*n m> * t>! n r?|j- 

*i ! (*p(jrM lO ^t'U>0F13. 

•:i: Estimate 
t..ti dftt of runnin? 



'tir r rn^. ^MineMain^ -tnd'S'jten Island, SiC 



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YDD153 
iYA212 
|JKPHQ D102 
F1VRR JEDWP JEDEN 222 

■y.z jepho 17JA 

irvfl 2319292 ZNJ 

- i! Ha USAF WASHDC 

70 JEDWP/ C GAT I C WRIGHT PAT AFB OHIO 

INFO JEDEN/ CGAIRDEFCOM ENT AFB COLO 
\j RESTRICTED/ FROM AFOIN 54254 CG ATIC PASS TO ATIAA-WC 

~U r 06HPT. OBJECT APPEARED AS POINT SOURCE OF LIGHT SIMILAR TO STAR. 

■;&*jw VIEWED WITH LOW-POWER TELESCOPE OBJECT SHOWED MORE RED LIGHT 
[THAN STAR. NO AERODYNAMIC FEATURES OBSERVED. NO TRAIL OR EXHAUST. 

OjJECT HOVERED THEN MOVED "IN SOUTHERLY DIRECTION FOR 5 TO 10 

•IijUTES. NO SOUND. OBJECT BOBBED AROUND IN IRREGULAR PATH AND 

LIGHT APPEARED TO BLINK ON AND OFF IRREGULARLY. NO ALTITUDE OR 
'..PIED DETERMINATION. NO DISTANCE ESTIMATED. APPROXIMATELY 
U-i'ziS EST! 20 JULTH 1 VISUAL AND WITH LOW POWER TELESCOPE. 






9 



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:'o SERVERS LOCATION APPROXIMATELY 38 5S 30 N CMA 76 5S 45 V* 
OJJECT APPEARED INITIALLY ALMOST DUE WEST.. MR. AND. MRS*- - 



CMA \HYATTSVILLE CMA 



MA. CIVILIANS CMA 
»R« 4BM0AKS IN AIR WORTHINESS DIVISION CMA CIVIL 



'ARYLA* 

AERONAUTICS BOARD. HAS WORKED FOR CAA FOR TWO AND ONE -HALF 

:iA?.S* WEATHER CLEAR CMA WIND "UNKNOWN 



5/ 13 **5Z JUL JEP1 



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;:C-5 Jatoda5-Arr1I 19i2- 

2* Ca tte a-L-nteg oi' ::0 J^ ij5a batman V.n teura of: 0005 ,r^d v 520 tclwaitifle* 
: tracts unra xoftorwd it U„a vi'akdty of Ar-drew. /iF2# 1" ^u rctcrtif \iorti 1 EvxVjsy 
■<Jttiznil rvtosi by a jiiaua cull fraa UusMugtm £333 U;nt ij^- his! uivl^rittTJed t^^ris 
:■> their jniito scenes ., tons of which vci*a in tha vicinit:/ of Azi&rcwa* 



J- sag 



ohjoctar ucro epou by t3» £ aJJUwiluj ixawuiol at At^atft* AFB* 










Dofer '-V :. ■■ V ; . ;-v' ...... Pliability : / 

IJtaaty ■ ^'-< "a Canted Tcwer Operator Excelioc-t ,-■ 

'mas--, ^;.;/^.,T; v.'J Ctntroi Tce«r Gpexstcarr- - • . .. ffto&Uont. -';-.' V; ' . 

fcWv >#.'*:. -£v*V' T)«<HK'-ti*WHMiN r ..TV ■ '• 






Good 

Excel 
Good 



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"5* "T9p*4£se of thai **tf«ct= XffiaMiAMis£&ocU.'-tfat cx4cip^»:&tfcrt4irt4fc^i^'^ 
>oa> xqa-to w«c2» -to. graea «n3'.htc3r.to redk .^JChaj-Wi-Tfcfir:;:***^ ISftaat^p*** si »S 
tt» anpnmnt cet tcteaetZoB*. ThwMh. tbmetepdrVd Where le^ltraJfXo, * ; 2?»' 
;t» apeccatxi to otto £poa vest tdrewit. Very erratic, . wltbvthria ropcartadly. ctart- 
ti^aaaa point 4*4 ti^wlija.&cli that aaaa path. Ute/cbaerv^^ntfarfhw 
jtsao&fid 3tai#a«m% '-#i'.v'T 




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glaoaea-dtt BH : ,yp itertf&.tto object**.- •&& rntiar «t*^v/* 

"iBtaA IM at 7 HPB* •IttaotM- 39w»f i^KF 



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it'lOMPH, fi^OQO'ftet 3/,0 dosireoe at It MFH, /v-^ : "; 



frt.jSXffjr^ L2,C0C foci, 310 aegreca at I3:M»i:< 



WS« 16»0£X> foot 300 ilojpeas at ia.3^, 
j*^-©-^".* 2 * 25*000 feet x^ fiagrees at 53 «*ff 

k- . :• ,1f. ', - : - • i.- . .' . . 

afoaartws agtBo tiist tba objocta could Vasma fcocd 

he- eejer^v 3Gt«rQ w-aa w> keoua nertccroXo-ltxa 'oeoditl;* 






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\10. Siacwrlc na-pl^rf^l eTiO^pwA; 

";;.11» Pl^vicr «ata^"^^TIiaRti(^;irtiii notified*- ;! " 

■■ L'.* Tlatft -!sa» en* cS^'t^ptf atooreft tVat orrlTOd Amxgr4'«t U245, i» «&* •" ,■.■;. 



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.tf FORM 112— PART II * 



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AIR INTELLIGE'R 



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1050th .53 tfg 




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2* at tl*s nuLMirc <u' ":0 Ju?//.10?2 bcti;rm tVc hnura c£ OOCK r-a ^Q rc:iv^ifi:x 



iv.vjots uova nK-nr 



;,j, v^L;i'> oC toow ;iTj. Y' 



> their radar- unfits ^ tone of u:,ie:t wore Ir, Lh'j vicinity <^l A^irewt* 



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Center el Tcwet Dacratar 
CtntrcfL Tcvtnr Operated" 
CaitroJ Tower Opntttoop 

33&U&. Uapairraca'_ ; ■., 

Aircraft tIoc^gd&£ v 



Excoliec-fc 

sxceiiout- ■•'■.'. 

Gcod .'■::;■::. 

. ;Sxcelio».^';..,;.': 

Goad . : "/i-.',- 



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uf tiio ErtAtoaorrfca o^;jWMcfe per aoa \i4w b**v -tea ob£ecta f or* icricuc^ 

tfie coitoaij^quer lo£ ■und'tfco iii^«co .0£: % irx?b. : ^^t f ,;;, : g 



: .t^tf Iroi? rod to ov:u;n9 to. fircea ar^a.baA to red* K» tt^^bci* Tfirlws i>odL<jpo to ali ^ 
J[frctw a^^carod to novo £ro& ticat to j 5aut > very erratic! vith tixr^» ropcirtaaiy ct^rtS 

^;?:--, . . -^?> . -V ■ 




raportod JJni(fcf-£fteU cXa*»e» dtA »oi Wtp lder^ii>. tho object*^. Tta radar te^r *t 

"'-/v'^' '-■' , - " 







'^:-l 10.0CO feat 320 at«r«<«: srt iS-SIKf, 12,CC0 foci. ;:ir: t^- 3 -i iz yy.\. 
g^"-_. !4»P»*e=t 3aa.d«3rofiO':ftl^.5ira, 16,000 foot .y3 ,te,^3s at lobi', " 




I ^^s; 



7 ti -n >« T«lat!»I 



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i 1*"* ifi^re v-j cr* C^CT, t^rp& alrcnUTt tVat arrived An: raw* iit U24>* «> o^* 






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AIR INTELLIGENCE INFO 



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:V,MMARV; tilulff «*)£hr it mmwf »! npoti. Gitt tlftiifltantt fn final OMft<tUtna par ufrupk. li»t *ncto**rt* &' lov.tr UH. Mtjfta tut vfrii+tt m AV i\r <a lit- J 'at i // } 



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Mil' THIS DOCUMri(TCOMTA*»S IsrORMATlOK AFFTCTING THE NATIONAL DErLKSt Of lHtUHiJtO^All5 WlTifiM THE KEAfclNG OfTMC El-HyN^E ACT. « I'SC .- 
31 AtJDH. A5AMENDLD iTS THAMS MISSION OH THE REVEUTION OF ITS CONTENTS 1H *NV WANKER TO Ah UNAUTHORIZED P£i^:o.N »j TROHitlTtD Sv ^Ai<L , 
#T MAY NOT Bt HlFmOVCCO JN WHQL* OR iH PAftT, »V OTHEft T«AN UMTEP STATES AJJt FORCt A?tIf>ClES. EXCEPT BV Khf41&3lQN OF THE Cifi££»fc{* ; 



AF FG8M m-PARUl 



real* u V**fJ 



AIR INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION REPQRi 



UNCLASSIFIED 



^.o'io::.r.i1.r l f revert ic s. 



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: :t rector,, :o.o or ■»;" ie : . 



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,j rc-^lvcu sta icnr.ry. 



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300 ,;orr; c at ;5 m -l?\\ 9 fJX:Q fc.it .".: 
3*0 dc.-re,^ at 15 I?;:, 12,CC0 feet 



U,0u0 foot 320 de-rcwn at 5 \?:i 9 16,000 feet 300 Ce^r-:; 
40 f CC0 faat 300 d^roo:;«at }5 M J U, 25,000 foot K-.* cte;;r?, 

9, «*r:cs cf tic visual obeorvtViV. a/ree i tt t'x elver/-:- ccul- 
rctlr, : c'vai'O, i?/.ce i .?t for liic col:r. T ere v a ro [ino-rr not ore 



L"'* Vlwyp in ro cft;';-ic;il e 1 



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^ rUoro Im-'.s cue C-,>7 typo aircraft tl;a'- .t; 
r^ traffic u:s i^ tl-c nren; 



WASHINGTON, D C SIGHTINGS 

X9fK< and 26/27 JUly 1952 



On 19/20 and 26/27 J^ly 1952, a great amount of excitement vas generated 
in the Nation f s Capitol due to sightings of unidentified flying objects 
both visually and on radar. Most of the sightings occurred betveen mid- 
night and dawn* The objects were picked up by more than one radair in 
the Washington area and vere reported to have speeds 03 the order of 
7500 miles per hour. Jet intercepts vefre unsuccessfully attempted* 
F7D reports contained unconfirmed information that the President of the 
United States had taken an active interest in the sightings. 

1 

Visual sightings vere reported by both ground and airborne witnesses* 
The descriptions by the vitnesaee vere generally the same* The objects 
were described as changing front orajjige to green end back to red* The 
numbers varied from one to six, vitb no apparent set formation. N Three 
objects vere reported to have left trails. The motions of the objects 
for the most part appeared erratic. In eome instances tJhe objects vere 
described as meteors * 

i 

Unfortunately the only day for which weather data was obtained vas for 
26 JUly 1952* The data on this day shoved that there vas a temperature 
inversion at 800 feet and at U000 feet* 

The radar porltion of this report vas analyzed by the Electronic Division 
of FTD* It was concluded that the radar sightings vere probably due 
to anomalous propagation; sometimes referred to as "bending** "ducting," 
"guided propagation/ 1 "tapping" or "super refraction" of the radar 
electromagnetic wave; the inversions and moisture conditions being re* 
sponsible for the unusual functioning of the radar* The "ducting,** 
"tapping," etc, being responsible for detecting ground targets which 
are not normally seen. Bending of the radar vavea, so that ground tar* 
gets vere not giving "solid" returns for every antenna eveep* thereby 
caused the misinterpretation that what vere probably stationary ground * 
targets vere in motion. 

As to the visual sightings! these individuals vere probably experiencing 
the same effects as the radar (mirage), and vere seeing objects normally 
beyond their range of vision, There is also the possibility of incon- 
sistencies in the layers of air of different temperature causing lenses 
of air which resulted in distortion of some of the lover stars* It la 
significant to note that all instances where it could be determined the 
altitude of the airborne vltnessea vas approximately 1*000 feet, the level 
of the higher inversion layer. Sightings of meteors coupled vlth the normal 
excitement of the vitpeases also contributed to this sighting, 

ttie PTD conclusion Is that the radar and visual sightings on 26 July 1952 
vere due to the mirage effects created by a double inversion* It Is also 
concluded that since the circumstances of 19/20 and 2? July 1952 parallel 
to those of 26 July 1952, that sijuilar condition* existed and that the 
sightings vere due to the same cause. 







& 



¥ 



WASHIICTON, D C SIGHTINGS 
19/:*C and 26/27 JUly 1952 



On 19/20 and £6/27 July 1952 , a great amount of excitement was generated 
in the Nation's Capitol due to sightings of unidentified flying object*, 
both visually find on radar. Most of the sightings occurred between aid- 
night and dawn* The objects were picked up by more than one radar in 
the Washington area and vere reported to have epeeda on the order of 
7500 miles per hour* Jet intercepts vere unsuccessfully attempted, 
rTTD reports contained unconfirmed Infomation that the President of the 
United States had taken an active interest in the sightings. 

1 

Visual sightings were reported by both ground and airborne witnesses. 
The descriptions by the witnesses were generally the same. The objects 
were described as changing from orange to green and back to red* The 
numbers varied from one to six, with no apparent set formation* * lliree 
objects were reported to have left trails. The motions of the objects 
for the most part appeared erratic* In some instances the objects were 
described as meteors. 

Unfortunately the only day for which weather data was obtained was for 
26 J\ily 1952. The data on this day shoved that there was a temperature 
inversion at 800 feet and at *KXX) feet. 

The radar porition of this report was analyzed by the Electronic Division 
of FTD* It was concluded that the radar sightings were probably due 
to anomalous propagation; sometimes referred to as "bending", "ducting," 
"guided propagation," "tapping" or "super refraction !t of the radar 
electromagnetic vave; the inversions and moisture conditions being re- 
sponsible for the unusual functioning of the radar* The "due t Lag /* 
"tapping," etc, being responsible for detecting ground targets which 
are not normally seen. Bending of the radar waves, so that ground tar- 
gets vere not giving "solid 1 * return* for every antenna sweep, thereby 
caused the mia interpretation that what were probably stationary ground 
targets vere in motion. ! , 

As to the visual sightings, these individuals vere probably experiencing 
the same effects as the radar (mirage), and vere seeing objects normally 
beyond their range of vision. There is also the possibility of incon- 
sistencies in the layers of eir of different temperature causing lenses 
of air which resulted in distortion of some of the lover stars. , It is 
significant to note that all inatrnpoo where it could be determined the 
altitude of the airborne witnesses was approxijnately 1*000 feet, the lev«l 
of the higher inversion layer- Sightings of aeteors coupled with the normal 
excitement of the witnesses also contributed to this sighting. 

The FTD conclusion is that the radar and visual sightings on 26 July I952 
vere due to the mirage effects created by a double inversion. It la also 
concluded that since the circumstances of 19/20 and 27 July 1952 parallel 
to those of 26 July 1952, that similar conditions existed and that the 
sightings were due to the sajie cause. 






22^22222 



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DEPOSITION FORM 



i*njsfflH.Mftib!iLjiiiJi4 nraii 




^t- 



subject (Unci) Transiiiittal of Conclusions on fightings 
of Unidentified Aerial Objects 



me MO. 



™ A50i:t-3A2 
Attn: *'*?* Fournet 



ffiOM A'TIC 



date 22 Sept 52 



COMMENT HO. I 



Cant Kupoelt/vs 
653b5/d26;jD/V D-2B 



Attached is a carbon copy of the conclusions on the sighting of unidentified 
aerial objects at Washington National Airport on 20 and 26 July 1952* 



1 Incl 

CC DF dtd 8/29/52 




/ //Air Adjutant General 

Air Technical I.itolli-iance Center 






• 



*.*- 



U LJ i f EBVJ 96 Re *-* CEs N * E fo*«w. 1 OCT a. which- 







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l»— i+ttiU-J U, 4, tiOVh'lUili&NT PJUHTEHG QfTICI ; IMtf O - l i«4«73 



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:idan tilled Object on ;o and 26-?7 July 125? 



ATr;;: Capt rtuppcit 



.'.riA/.? 



Aug 52 



55l70/3Xd 3 Pi* A 



1, A study of the various report 3 rag ar. ding th£ subject; radar rii'jhtln^ do not 
aliu'v a positive rind final e;cpl.j nitron to he ihtdsL* Thi^ 13 -■* characteristic of pr icgj- 
»ily all racier reports of unidentified and/or unconventional tnrv^ts. A3 v^ualj tha 
factual and scientific data necessary for analysis la not av^iliblti* ilc-ire'/gri thj in- 
formation available, together with weather data, doss allovr a plausible explanation aj 
to the possible cause of tha unidentified targets. i 

2. ';*he general trend or tone of the available reports of the subj^t targets ipiit 
oabe*& pomgasix anomalous (i>r.U:;) propagation (temperature inversion and/or , ngisture , 
lapse) effvjct on tha radiated electromagnetic waves of the radar sets, tr rerrytry - al tcrTing 

'da taction of ground targets --vtiicti are not normally seen* Excorpta from available 
reports which indicate the possibility of d^tsction of ground target:* due - to a ciild ( : 
condition, of anomalous propagation effects ara as follows: 

a. "Sporadic" 

b* "Intermittent" 

c. "Capable of dropping out of the pat turn at will" — - 

d, "Creeping appearance" 

o* "Just disappeared fr.n scope" 
f. "Solid" 

g* "Unidentified tar.^etg have been picked up from tijie to tiaa over tha past 
fssr months, but never before vrare there so many as ware experienced on the nights of 
19/20 and 26/3? July 52" 

h. The lengths of time that targets appeared and the tine of day, G005 to 0530 
EST (S3 July 52) and 2050 to 0000 »ST (26 July 1952), both indicate a favorable 
*fiarac Eristic of anomalous prDpa^ation. 

i# Reported "formation" of targets could be due to the fact that prominent 
ground taryet3> such as, power poles, buildings, etc* are usually grouped in some type 
>l* regular pattern and would maintain this grouping on the radar indicator. 



'20?-, 




mmmmmmmmmmm 



mm & mmmm 




(ttESr.) rn.:JCU3:n.o:i of 'V r^in^on, , 3. C. Padar S* v.htinr<9 of i^id-j-'if.fiM 'Ii.i.1§'. 

— J V* 



3. "feather data ia availabla during the tima of subject radar sighting for fch« 
26th only. This dntn, taksn at 2200 KST, is is follows: 



Altltudo 
(Thousands of ft.) 



.soo 

1 

2 

5 

3. poo 

1+ 
5 

o 
7 

9 

10 

11 
1? 
13 

14 
15 
16 

17 
lit 

19 
20 

21 
£2 

23 

2k 
25 
26 

27 

28 

29 
30 



To.r.para^ura 
(Oo.^rddS Conti^rade), 

25.3 
2ft. 3 

25.9 
23.1 

S0.ii 
19.5 

19.1 
17.0 
15.1 

13.2 
ll.l 

9-5 

7.9 

i*-3 

2.0 

0.0 

-2.2 

-6.2 

-7-5 

-11. 2 

-13.5 

-15.5 
-17.0 
-13.3 
-19-3 

-25.6 

-27 .a 
-30.0 

-52.1 

-33.9 



j.bistura 
L'ansa Rate 



(Fairly 
constant 
up to , ! 

5*, ooo ft) 

(increased 
rate 
between 
3,000 and ' 
^500 ft) ; 

(rspid increase 
b^tvreen i;,50Q 
and 7 j 500) 

(abova 7>500 ft 
moisture content 
.«rri3 too small to 
be measured) 



The above data indicates slight tejrperaturs inversions at >100 feet and at U,000 feet 
altituio. Moisture conditions at these altitudes also appear to be somewhat, favorable 
to anomalous propagation, soma tinea refer rod to a 3 "bonding 11 , "ducting tf , "guided 
prop Ration", "tripping 11 , or "duper re Tract ion" 01" the radar electromagnetic wava, 

I:, fhera aro several factors, divert above, which are favorable for concluding that 
tha :j'u::.i -tyt radar targets wsre actually ground target a which are not normally detected* 



It io c-^yjidered that an abnormal propagation condition caused a mild bending o 
radar *yvmh 3 o that detection of ground tar^ts^ere not giving "solid^re turns tor 



i,r_* 




wmmm 



Kfffi *i; 




4-i^^v..c,^H**^^rt»i^B^MJs*'J>*pr< 




COPY 



£U'jJ:?-;r: (P.j ; 3T) Dij:v.i33ion of " r -i-n_:i^toa, 0. 

on 20 and S6-&7 July '1952 



I'Arfar fC^ Kings 0^ UnJi'intlflri f «3>*ai 



thereby v/ould causs a misinterpretation that stationary ground tar^et3 wore in 
motion. 

5» Vrjry strong ground return signals have be**n pr^viou^ly obs^rvod on the in- 
dicators of the AN/CFS-1 typo radar, located in Florida, out of ranges of about 150 
statute miles. 



JO^ E. LI3BS3T, IMJ03, USA* 
Chief, Electronics Branch 
Technical Analysis L&vi'sion 




T^lfWWIWBIWW^^ 



i/ 



******** 



mmn 



mtmiv* * 



<m 



^P 



#. 



hlaf, ,*ir Technical 
Intelligence Center 
JrJ^ht— atteraon Ai*3 
Dayton, Jhin ■ 



('Jrxl) ^atorlal xor ^raj&ct ^Itio iioote 



;"j r -fc of the Air /ore* 
i;q *J3AF - AP0IS-2A2 



11 Aug 52 

MaJ /ourn^t/vz/71016 



1. Inoleaed are sttmasary retorts of observations as telephoned to AP0IM-2A2 
during the puitio weeks plus a report on radar observations at Washington 
National Airport on the night of 26/2? July 52* In all cases, th« outline specified 
f«r eLsctrfc^Jneeeage* In paragraph. 70 of AEL 20O-5 ha? bean utilized for the 
sate of expediency with appropriate notations as necessary* 

■■ ; - . N* ■ .'.'■.-■ 

\:: 2* 2kil«it«u6pt has Jhnki &&de to follow-up on *wy telephone reyorta , takaa 
by J th» £stla*te* JDuty Officer now was an j attaapt made to obtain great detail 
in the oUwwr - talapbon# reports* V/hererer possible* a general statement of 
vreather conditional usually as reported by observer^ has been included* In all 

case* *her* pra-forrA it ess are oaittad, Lhey are negative* ■ ■ . - 

■ -.' ' ' * ■ - , * ' 

■* * '* **.'.'" , -- ■ .' ■ 

3* Ho further action ia contemplated on any of these incidents* 



1 

o 

o 

CD 

o 

O 

o 



:Y CDWttiiD OF THE CHI2? OF STAFFx 



w 



26 Inclat - ^/ 

Rpta of U/fc JOylng Object* 

originatif*>y- AFoaWBO^ ■ 



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"TWILLIAM W. WILCOX 
/ Colonel, UJ 



USA* 



' tf J;."Chi3ffr Policy .and Management Croup- : 
^'? Of fi cd ; deputy Director for Estimates - 
Directorate of Intelligencs ^- 



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^ utioliy Tit::«*j^Hi by ua,)* A oarrbt ;u:u Lt Iijcleo«su 



^nersl: 

This Incident involved a/i tercets observed on the radar acopoa 
at the Air x>uta Traf Jli Control Cantor and *.-«© tower, both at 
"aahin^tcn National Airport, and the Approach ^cntrol ^iadar at 
Andrew* A/3* In addition* visual observations were reported to 
Andrews and tolling ^U and to AaTC Center* the la t tar by piiots of 
rjocoaaerciol a/c and cne CAA a/o» ^*° flights oX Interceptors were 
dispatched froa Hewcaatls* Del., but their official reports have 
not been received by this office; coooenta on their conversations 
with A3TC Canter personal are included herein* It has been 
Impossible to collect all facta for a single report* The Base 
Intelligence Officer, Boiling AFB, is subsiittirtft a report covering 
the Boiling and Andrews aspects of the incident* This report cavers 
the facta obtained frcm tfaahingtcn National A/i* personnel* t£e U5AF 
Coaiaand ^ost and the AFQIH Duty Officer log. As y&t, ,tha ccwciarclal 
and CAA pilots ifco reported vlauals hare net boon contacted* j nor have 
ether potential sources been Investigated* Such action will not b* 
poaslble ly thia office *- 

1* Varying nuebcra (up to 12 aioultaueously) of u/i target a 
on ASTC radar scope* Termed by CAA personnel as "generally^ solid 
returns*, slallar to a/c return except slower* Mo def InaDla 
pattern of aaneuver except at wcy beginning about 2130 KDT, 
4 targets in rough line abreast with about X\ alia spacing amoved 
alcetly together" ASl^ng about a 1" trace persistency at an estimated 
speed of leae than 100 npfa) on a heading of U0* At the saa* tia* 
3 other targets were scattered throughout ecope* AATC checked 
Andrews Approach Control by telephone at 2200 ZCT aod ascertained 
that they were also picking tp «/i targets* U/i returns were 
picked up intermittently until about Zf/OHJOO iDT f following which 
v/eak and sporadic (unsteady) returns wer* picked up intermittently 
for another 3* hours* Washington National Tower radar craw reports 
cnlj one target positively e/I*, This return was tarsed a •very good 
target* which served across the scope froo Vest to 2ast at about 30 
to 40 jeph* However* the radar open tors stated that there could 
iiave been other u/1 targets on their scopes* particularly outside 
their area of a/c central* ehich they would not hive K?tieed or 
^ould have asauaed to ^e a/o under A-VTC Center ccntrol* iicsever*, 






m 






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^t^lM^K!^^: ^■ J ^^^yJ ^3m r lll l >< Hl M i ll iil.lL ll p Wt '» l ' !m^ 1 



# 



■^;*sy wOLiced iio other 'uiusual (i.j. v-^n slow j:* irratla) returns* 

_;r„ j| B^k Xiyin-s Vc ,?*1C-12 riijortad at : '.:;j*t> JLT that ha 

had visually opotted 5 cb:ects ^ivin^oif a li r yit ,?1jow ranging 
rrott orange to finite; hi-j altitude at time viaa 22£0 % w 3ona 
ccnaercial pilots reported v±ual3 ranging irca :r r;t^arott3 .jIg* 1 ' 
(ro^yelicwj to a a li^nt - (aa recorded froa their conversation **iih 
i.iTC controllers). At 2233 3DT the 11-S A/ Coanaxui .oat *as notified 
or A3TC target a* Coooand .oat notified ADC and "1^/ at 22i*5* and 
2 y-94 1 ! were scrwnbled i'roo Hewcasti* At 2300 :;r.T. AaTC controlled 
?-94 f a after arrival In area and vectored then to targets Tilth; 
-janorally negative results (flew through *a batch of radar returns* 
without spot t Log anything However, one pilot mentioned seeing 
4 lights at one tlae and a second tine as seeing a single light 
aheed but unable to close whereupon light "vent out 1 * (these 
cooMbta from ABIC controllers)* Cne A2TC controller workod a 
Q31F.Bp-25 (AF 8S99 ?) far about 1 hr 20 adna about 2230 SET. 
3-25- «* vectored In ca nujierooa target a and cciaaanfced that each * 
vector took bin over a busy highway or intersection* HaJ Pournct 
(A*0D«A2) and U* Holcoab (IBK, A?GEi-2C5) arrived at JliTC 
Center about 27/0015 SET* Lt* Kolccab observed scopes and reported 
**?' gpod f solid targets** He made a quick check ^tth airport n'eather 
Station and deterodnod that there vaa a slight tenperaturs Inversion 
(about 1°) frc* the surface to about 1000** However, he fait that 
the scope target* at that tic* Hon not the result of this inversion 
and so advised the Coznand Poat with tha suggestion that a seccnd 
intercept flight be requested* (2nd intercept flight controlled by 
A3TC- "but no strong targets remained whan they arrived* ^hey were 
vectored on dla target a with negative results.) v -a,}. Foumet and 
Lt« Bolcogb remained in AnTC Center until 0415, -ut no aodltlcnal 
strong targets were picked up; jsany din and unstable targets 
(aeenaed due to tenqperature Inversion) were observed throughout 
the remainder of the period* \ , . 

'■./■.-■ - - ■' *■ h '■;-■; " 

2; InUralttently between 26/2150 and 27/0100 EOT July 52, 
Period* of observation y*xj++. -V. 

3# Electronic. VG-2 radar (A3TC) sod AS^i radar (Tower)* 
there visual froa *ir (details unknown) */ 

4* Badar located at Tfaehlngtcn national Airport, ttaahiagtoa* 
D. C* (ilexandrlA* Va*I V« ^KC-12 believed in vicinity of Aberdeen/ 
^altiaore. Ud* f conuerclal a/c reporting visuals located in general 
area vicinity Washington National A/?* 

5, AtfTC Center radar crew and controllers: 



'!?&&** 









Austin £, Sta|tf 

I-loyd Sykee 
James M # Sltchey 






■ irjifiWM ^WW W WiiJtaiMto&MS-. 



* to 



• 



■arry Balnea 



) 



All fire C,U employe** a With varying 



^e» J. Cop<*lond ) I^tjhI* of acinar Iwc a 4*~T^ radar In— 

stalled Jen. 52J* 111 appeared to 
ba 3*rioua, conaciactlQua and 
jL~cara although jcraswhat ?a#ua about 
detail* of thair expariacca on 26/27 
Jixly, Coniidored fairly raliabla. 



C thwart Dawson ) 

ihil Caeoni ) 

;iika Sanko* } 

Jama* Biron ) 



ffaahin^ton Towar radar operators! 

La g tar G* Woodahl (3yra radar) ) Conaclantious and ainear*, 
Sal^atora Jfarlxwrllo (l£ jt* radar) Diract aaanner. Appaarad 

sur* of thamsalvaa* Coiw * 
»ld«rad irary rallaJbla* 



Obaenrar lira/o ^NC-12t ttr*_ 
i J llot» of conroarilal a/o? unknown. 



rait ability unknown 



6» Waathar cls*r, scattered thins (alt unknoan). 

Taapanturaa at 2&/2200Z aa raportad by ftaahingtca National 
Teathar Statical v 







Surface.' 

aoor. - 
3500. : ; -. 

A3CO .'■'•.- 

10,000 '(■■ 
i5,cco,,.^ 

22,000 



Vi 22,300 -i^. 



25°C 
26 
20 
20 } 

U 

-17 ) 
-17 • 

-20 J 



.jffij. 23,000 

;^T*Vs«a 6^pth^» negtttr*. 



St«&dj drop 

) Constant 
) 



/«*; SagatiT*; 






5» v 3e* 1* Official report* not r«*ir ad, 



-*►* 



10^ SormalifiofaBwrolal^iraffla Inbound and outbound Washington 
?Iat£enal Airport jOna lo^niF a/e -all know «ad-ldntifl«dU^ . " 






■ '"383 



«*T? 






a 




ABTC era* ranafltad that, a» coapsrod <aith u/1 ratunu pjxk»d^ 
up la aorly boor* of 20 Jul/ 52* thaaa ratuma appaarad to b* acre 
haphazard in thalr actiona, 1+a* they did not folio* a/a around ' 
tar did thay crow aoopa conaistartly on aam general heading* 
-am cowaanted that the raturns appaarad to b* fraacbjocta n Cfptbla 
of dropping out of the :>attara at wllliV Also that raturng had 
:r cr«aplng apv-aaracca** One aaabar of «aw canaantad that cno 
oujact to uhich F-94 waa Teatorad Jdat *dlaappaarad frota 3cop** 





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/i?tt*i£ti^iiRW '-pursuing.' ■ jfttattttfrwa 

.-.uW^«^irw^'Ml|tinM)!«M^i' "solid i ^iitiU.7* it ww:' 

Vi i*t«ma hwre been picked up froa tine to tiws oYs&tjlM • .. 

few months but never before fad- they appeared In 31^ quantities ''.'•'%m, 

over such a prolonged period and *lth. such, definition.; •saL>^/-;-'-Yb i"'. 

experienced on that nights of 19/30 end 126/27 July 52* ! ;' 

A transcript of a ccBwersatien between -tha tcwara st.Faahingten \ 
Rational and Andrews *hleh took place. at 2130 ?:DT 26. Jaly is attached.' 
;tbs *Cenfcer* sientionad is the £vTC Center at Washington Hatiortal. 
The huaber of the national Airlines flight referred to is unknown. 



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DEPARTMENT OF TrtlAlfrrORCE ffi 
HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES AIR FO^tE 

THE INSPECTOR GfeNERALUSAF !^ 
4th district ornqc of special, ir+vesTi cations 
■ouinq Am force mii.^a^himqton ta d c 



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»Vn J h Linton T:^ f :% :* 



Throe (3) nnliefltii" i*d objucta 'mro siehtad by ri'/# (5) AAK3 
bi'jn personal betroen 000"> arri 00, JO hours EST, ' dO July 195--* Thi? 
oa.Jesfcn '«!?earod wddiah-or'-iiMe in color and ia^v::;l arratlnally In flight 
it an unla bftrttined altitude. They trawled fro.* a northerly to ^ 3out*i- 
out?rly direction. Th*iy vmre sighted for perl ids of froa fi'M (t;) to 
whi^ty (30) seconds an thr^a (>) diTfcront occir> v7r.ii» Anot-;-r si-:h*iru; 
Tns .-nade by the Aporoacli Control v/hir:h plrfca-i ud oiia (1) tfnid^ntlx'isd 
target it Otilfi aoarj 5^?» Thi,*j target. wm In >ho scao« for &hi.-ty_ ('30) 
z- cond3 ocfnri fadlrvr. «-«l«*^ 

DOWNGRADED AT 3 V35AR TNT^TtlA 
,| DKCLASSU'IED.-APTEK 12 YHUtL 






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1n.r:irv L\V,~j the ?r-^5ricrc cf uuIi»v;Mfted object'-; ^v^ir _. j 
; s^1r^ i T3 AF3 vn»v •LrJ.tLi'i jri jii'^r thin offiar* h^i^i r^ctfiir^d a telnghone 
'Mil from -\ : L A^ATT I not otherwlM liisntifi^d; 7/ho stated th^t h^s had 
o^on ^'Jperati^fU 3:Ticer at Andrswj APB duriag the .^irtod b^t/f^on 000 L 
ind-OdJQ h^urs on 20 Jul? 1?52, and : th;it duri.v VU taur of tity,, he-h<ii. 
beon recetvinp: biils re port iag : ." /lyin^ saucers** in t>» area, J ; Tho 
lieutenant sb-i^d that ths objects had beert pitted up by rsj'ir. 

, Af tar receiving this call, an Int^ilrjr was mads at the 
Control Tower 'it Andrew Af3 vihera t« follomina infornatton /wjt ob- 
tained: 

Tlireo (il jniienti^l^d ob>»ct3 totq si.^hUd br fiw (5) 
ba.^ personal bobr*en 0-j«}5 a.id 00^0 hours EST on 20 July l>i2. The 
thr^e (3) objects appeared reddish and oran^ and ao?sd erratically 
from a northerly to a fldutheaatarly direction at an jmdatQrr^ined alti- 
tulo. Thoy wgn alghte * for portodj of from ri/u (5) to thirty ( W") 



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Ltr, DO i*L f - asi, EAJ3, Wdsh, IjCj to Dir of Sp- Invest, tfc[ USAF, Vfash, 
DCV Pile 2i*-(W03, dtd : . t SPOT IJr;ELU033C3 ■ HEFTjRT ' 

Stibj: InUentifisd Objects Sighted at Andrews AFB t 20 July 19£2 r 

SPECIAL WJTRY 



y;corjfta on 



shree (3) c-rca-iiooa o;v 

BSBH H0HH^ } joiw p'/izzo, T?3>t« (aii^oFvM* 

'assigned to^SWraftroi tpiror at AAF3) f and Can 1 :. HA5KY /;. RiniitNn, 
AG-6139.?!;, Airdrome Of fleer on duty at the ti^o. At 0ul5 hours kST f the 
Approach Control picked uo one (l) unidentified target which regained 
on the scope for thlrt7 (30) seconds and then diaapoeared* 



The foil -iwlns is a copy of the AACS Control Tower Lq^ 
1909th AACS Squadron, oated 20 July. 1952: > * 



"0005 Phone call advsg that there. waa an object south of ADW* A/1C 
|H 0t looked south and aaw a orange object ttat appeared for 
jus 1 a moraent then disaffiirad. The party on tho phone sa?i the 
■mot thinp. *T-JGh Center^also calling to advise they have five 
targets unidentified in the vicinity of ADMf Ran£5. T9R person- 
nel used to ob^rva frcra roof of rhrc TWH « 
'- "QI20 .Thila watchinr frort the TVS roof Mr, flflMflPL -/^t, IZZO and 
i^/self* Cant K# IT. R2DDTttfV observed what appeared to be two 
falling stars but they hid an orange hue and a t.^1 and were 
traveling at *tastnace» 
M 0U5 Y/3gt and Hwr^JI ^ also saw a third object that appeared 

, like the first two objects (appeared like a falling star}* 
"023S -\D-V A/0 makinq a full repo.^fc including the reoort by the party 
on the phone. tf:i3h Cantor peceivsd a call frpr^apital Air- 
lines plane that he sa* three ob,}es*s -*5ai*^BJ Jpind reported 
that they were lixe novhlnj; he had ever 3een*^n^also reported 
. ...three nore.,oetwen HRN and Siartirusbur** Wash Center first saw 
these targets around 2jU0 and than about ten rrinutes later they 
sored toward Ai>f. 
"0330 /fash Center advised the targets seejosd'to aove more frequent Te- 
rtian there w*re aircraft iwvin«- As daylight was approaching- 
they seemed to move less fre<ruently. 
"0530 \7ash Center advised target north of A DHL Tower could not see it* 
Ir m sent to Director of Intelligence, ttj U3AF, Washington 25, :>• C* 
4lr Technical Intell Center t WriRht-Pitterson AF3 P -Ohio 
ATYMt ATLU-26 

Cocnandlng General, 2nc AFB, Colorado Springs, Colo* ' 
Comnandinfl! Officer, Headquarters Cosnand, IISAF, Bolllnar AFB," 

3» .Acr?ro?i: 

No Invest! cjation of thla natter was conducted by this office 
inaanich a3 no request for investigation was received* This matter ps 



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IT^'fur^i c^ District f, ^:o ^ CUVicc o: S^oci^l In/aati /■;■'.,- ia/ Bol U-iV Air Fez :o 
1«& f d;&«*U 2> -fa2y 1,^, concur/ 1 .*:*; ^mci . =ibov:i wcLiorwM ;;. .^^i. 



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Uri'DOffU, 081, S4K3, .7ash, tfC, to Dir cf JJp- Inr«*t t tti USA?, 1 A'asta, ■■■ 

dc, Fiio ?li-9-203, did . ■ :■ ", spot :i:Tsrxir,2»r:s S£rca? T . 

SubJ: L'nidentified Objocto Sighted at Andrews AFS, 20 .ful*. 19512,'' 
SPECIAL INyUtRI - 

coordinated with Cart. R3hja«H BEKKOff, Director of Inte lli^e r.co, Head- 
quarters Command, Boiling Air Force Baae, who atated that his a£ fice 
would handle the -required investigation* 



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r 130NALD B. WHITE 
ColonaX, U3AF • 
District Cocuaandter 






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UNCLASSIFIED 



F M" SELFRIO nr ATp. MT rTFMTM*; m^m 24193SZ 
TO CS UgAF HASHDC ATTM DIR 07 INfTJ/ 
AD F ENT AFB COLO A T TN DIR OF INTEL 




AMC tfPAFB OHTO AXaOET 
INFgLCONTL AIR COMD MITCHELL AFB LI 



NY ATTN DIR OF INTEL 



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CITE AFXOI 67C 

USAF MSG' AFOIN 3 9431 CIRVlS FLYOBRFT. IN ACCORDANCE WITH JANAP TW XB> 
AND ALL 233-5, THE FOLG INFO IS SBMD. Cl> 7 BRILLIANT BLUlSH^WHITE 
03JECTS, APPEARED TO BE ROUND, SIZE OF LARGETS BRIGHT STARS, NO EXHAUST, 
NO TRAIL, NO SOUND, UNKNOWN PROPULSION, TREMENDOUS RATE. OF SPEED, 
DISAPPEARED IN DISTANCE, OBJECTS SIGHTED SINGLY AT DIFFERENT INTERVALS* 
C:2) 233552 TO 200S052* (3) VISUAL. PLT STATED THAT WASH NATL APRT 
AIRWAYS TRAFFIC CONTROL CENTER HAD OBJECTS ON RADAR SCOPE DURING SAME 
PERIOD* (4) CLIMBING ON COURSE 33 g DEGREES A7 TTR TAKE OFF 'PR OM WASH 
NATL APRT. (5) CAPT CM WHF**° PLT 4MMNI ■» OF 

CAPITOL AIRLINES, CAPT .J pS 24 YRS FLY EXPERIENCE, APPEARED 

EI CONSCIENTIOUS AMD HETTbbLT. <6) WEA CLEAR, SURFACE WINDS 23 0. 
DEGREES AT k KNOTS, 5000, 360. DEGREES AT 20 KNOTS. <7) UNKNOWN 
(3) WASH NATL APRT AIRWAYS TRAFFIC CONTROL CENTER IND TO PLT THAT 
O^ECTS- WERE. J>N RADAR SCOPE— UNKNOWN IF SCOPE PHOTOGRAPHS EXIST. 

<9) NEGATIVE Cl0) 0)5 "* 

RPTING ABOVE LINE 

<9> NEGATIVE (10) PLT STATED OBSERVICNG 1 ACFT DURING TIME OBJECTS 

ON SCOPE AT TRAFFIC CONTROL CENTER, CONVERSATION BETWEEN PLT AND 

DURING SIGHTING POSSIBLE RECORDED BY ATCC AJJJASH NATL APRT. AF 

112 REPT TO FOL . 

25/133 4Z JULY Z TO 60 2-o\ 



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: RECORDED BY ATCC. AT W 

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WERE 
ATCC- 
FORM 




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'Reporting of Information on Unidentified Flying Objoota 

'fashing <■<?.*-* D. C. ■'Doctor of Ir/. jIU;, 'tis*, !!ii ??.-jth \\? 



20 July 1952 C-2 ' ' 

CAI-JAIH CA32Y PliSUUf (CAPITAL AI.IU&Bj) 
21-D Li*. G*03GS H. JJ&CZ&1SK. 172 S. HUROK RlVift DHIVS, SSLLVIL^; .'.JCH 



Jl July 1952 

21-D LI. fiftOM 

APOID-c/cC-2, 19 Doowabar 1951* APL 200-5, T«t A70IH 39^1 



1. This raport contain* information on artldentlfiad flying objaota ,' 

as reported to this hsadquartera by CAPTAIH4JMHI Hi of CAPITAL AiaUNSS, 



DETROIT, MICHIGAN. 



2. Subjeot report wu investigated by 2HD LT. GBORGS H. JASCZKBSSX end 
14/Sgt 0. T. TATLOR of the DIBSCT0RAT3 OP I3TELLI33JCB, HBADtJOAHEiHS, TSiJIS 
A1B PCRCB, SSLParDGS AIH FGHCB BASS, MICHIGAN. 



APPRO VSDi 



Lt CioVs U3AF 

AasWtant Deputy for Operations 



Sketch of CAPTAIN 
ei^htla^i 




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Director of Xnt«lll^ae# 
lias; Tanth Air Porom 



.UNCLASSIFIED 

i 

ArXdJ FXtflBM* 5-52 




1. On -3 July 1352 at Or» ; ?u # 'ua^: i ? A3-T 



«h 









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wa* la the cockpit of his DC-); ftircraf t port*oirrdns * o-t-cSc Hat pribr to take- 
off froo ItASKI&Vftia _ KATiatti, . HrtlT . j* ^ : ; ^ D * C * ;h9 aircraft waft <m the 
parking ramp headi;i£ 020°* CA.TAIM ItfMfti lookad uj cuU observed a cl*ar 
bluish ahlte lirht travel froa 190° to 010° at a 30°*onble abotfo the horizon 
'in horizontal tli ht until it disappeared in the distacco* CAvIAI.* Mi?..^! 
stated that ha had to turn his head 3 lowly t>.rru^h a f^° quadrant In onSar to 
observe tha object while in its flijjhtund estimates that he obs^rVed it for i 
flvo (i>) ••condi or 1««9* CV'VAIl^fli HP atate* that i:a did r,c; attauh any 1 
siTniiicanoe to thla light or, til later efvanta denandad attention to.ii:* J, - 



2* Immediately after rorx'onainjg his cheek Hat, CAiTAlH^Jj p^ock off 
frcw VhSBlWKto ^U'101-AL AlEKftf on a iJeadlnj of 130° api ollnbed to 1200* 
be for o JsjttMorl^t turn on at urea 330°* tfpon caiuing 1200* and ocuree 33G°j 
GAriaiU M Boated that he switched over fro* Tc^er Control to MEIXX 
TRAFFIC CowBOL CEIitai (AICC) at HA3HI5GT03 XATIfctfAL Aiai-'CBT. At thia tise 
AXCC infonaed hin that their radar scope i^icated tr#o or thr<N> o^lecta on the 
screen traveling at hi^h speeds* ATCC instructed C . 1M3 4f| M0R> ate*r 
290° do ai to intercept the oujoota whi ch ve ra approxisataiy^SSe (9; dies 
ahead cf hiau At thia tine CA« rTAX3^|^^HV rate of clisb was approximately 
600* per admit* and hie nlti^de was between 3500 r and i*G0Q** 

j+ laaaediately after ATCC inatruoted GA^TAX^^Sj W&° at »«r ocurae £yC° 
he ata-od that the following areata oocured within 5^^3!5utes in the order in 
which presented and at the af pro iaate tiste intervals as indicated! 

i 

a* 3*5 raisutee after take-off * ASCC informed j-iilot that objsota 
were rive (5) ail?* diatant dead ahead. 

b# '3*5 seconds later * ATCC indorsed pilot that objects were Tour 
(U) ,^ilaa diatant dead ahead* 

0. 1-3 dsoonda later * ATCC informed pilot that objects were at ten 
(10) o'clock* At thia time pilot stated ho plainly observed a SOU type air* 
arfft at tea (10) o'clock level proceed inj in the opposite direction. This 
iSfproatioa he reported to AT". 

d« U-5 ninutee later - COPILOT «iHMNNHMNW^ier?«d one (1) 
object bluish whi^e In eolor la a twenty* ri^e derree (25°) dive from northeaar 
to a- ithwee^to^aTellins at a trooumdoua rate of ape*d* rha copilot told 
CA:TAT.:i^|j ^ t:iat he could neither eatiizate Jfran Vr,at a ltitude the object, 
began its descent nor at what altitude It faded* C- t -LMIi M ^^atatad thut 
at thia tijae hia altitude was ^000 • and ;^ could lock dcam^SSst vertically ^j 
see ^;iA.;tfi3 IC33, ^ST VISOIMJl. . ' 

. - . . . 1 ] ! ' ' * 

e. iactfKiiataly upon ffishtin^ Z\lylKi T^S, C-UT&Itf ?I5IMA:* and ;pi3 ;. 
copilot obaerred a brilliant bluish w^ito ! 'light flash past from high bvar Vaa 
left and diiap; ear in level rn t £ht dead zhcAd travelling at a tr^ctindoua rata 
*f a;,e«d and apj^arad to be ctside fche narth'e ateca'here. \ 



t\ iUixt CM7A13I 
white li,h^ reappear where 



h*s copilot obsarved a brilliant ilaiih 
-t^ll'Ejit .had, diaapj.«»ured and £±&4ti i ! aat i^dn 



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ri'^W^p. left at '*piii*.p){'im»tely 30° abcv» tfra horUoa and travHX*»8^*'*>' 
trs&jpjWtaM r*t« of *?*««*♦ This lii.htalso qpj.»4r«<J to be outaldo th« aiarthM 



M*" 




A^COt TLtt>3ilFT 



'■■>"!+• OAF'TAI?: ■ ^stated that he rcay have saen n$ ^any as seven (7) 
ob^3ct3 during as iMK^liiinutss but duo ts tha fact thut tillage were ha,^ :*sni;ij 
so £aat he had no way of ksa; i:.«- an aoourale Account of the ; mister of jObjocts* 

i \i. ' '■'.'' ' ■ ' l 

• If Ihs Intgrr^atcre, W JAKcaETSKI arid l/$CT TAYLC3, are of the opinion 
thWt -, ! 7AIfilH| K^ a r1 »ltaWo and coast; ijatious* lio has been a pilot for 
twenfcy-;our (aT^MNtrt ami nas piloted J*r»r ^ArlTAL A1ELISS3 for seventeen (!17) 
years* UAi-IAIfrdJB Instated that during all hi* years as a */ilot he haa 
never smm aoytfaJ^g^BR^t would compare with the- objects mentioned in this 
ropers* lie further a tated that he is th^rcU^hly convinced that the (iojecits 
he obatnred were traveling at such traaenUous speeds 'ciiat he wuld r.<U attappt 
to estUmte the rate of their speeds* 
i ______ 

,2. CAFTAI3 J[ Hfetated that the AiCC at 7/AJj2i:r//iXSI itAtU.UL AiaKJtr 
had the ob jeete oa^B^radar scope* Due to such an unusual circumstance 
there i j a poesibility that 3 cope photographs were mada providing the equipment 
was available* 



jU CAFtUB^MMhalao a ;ated that s:^C contacted the tower at B0LLI3C 
AIR .-..'/OS 3ASB and queried the* of any knowledge of the cbjeote# It ie not . 
known if arty such targets had fce*n plot tod by 80LL1!;-/ Air, FGRCS BASS 

!;• ; Ihe following is offered as a su; aatlont ' 

Cue to the tremendous speeds of the objects end the inability of the 
observers to determine ths exact altitudes or even If the objects observed 
were in the earth's atxosphere there Is a possibility that there is sc*e 
oon:.ec:ion between a previous report (AFXOX /UTOBRPT U-52) and this report; 
since they oeeured at approximately the sane time* 

■ - ? >5. »eath*rt 030C* 19 July 1992, ITASHWGTOI D*G* 
^ Ceiling - Unlimited i 

ft Visibility - 10 milee 

Cloude * Sedative "■ 






7indsi - 

5urface - 230<»/tiU knots 
5*000' - 360<V&) fcicte 
10,000* - 350°^ Jnwte 
20 # 000» - 310°/S5 toots 
30^000* - 3l0%a knots 



UNCE^inED 



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Dtrootor of Iat»lll^«na* .' 




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t ® F0UKC4); TO FIVE (5> I^UTES LATHE COB " 
CHAHtES WHGATQM OBSERVES ONE (1* 8UJ 

I C 0!Vg!f*OM HORTHEAST TO^SOUTHWE^t^ 

v: WHITE "-'FLASH BY FROte CMER THEST t£fT <fc' 
? Vv ; DISAPPEAR ui :'k£UEt;;R16KClDE»IMHd&?lfirV. 



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(As telephoned to 0liw2A2 on 2d July lv52) 



1. Hound, clearly defined circle of lirht. l reject iwoved uluwly 
(35 - U0 mph.) then speed accelerated bo "100 npii. 11 rrr^n 500 to 10,000 
It, altitude. Mo moon nor illu-aination that cii^ht. 90° turn made. 
Thought it was a "blimp", "Light" moved toward Jjjt to stand still 
then iiouth ivhen speed increased. V*q propulsion* iound not loud 
Lul muffled hum. 

' 2. 2230 ^DT 21 July 52. Observed for aoout 20 minutes. 
3* Visual with naked aye from ground. 

4 

4. Observer at home on roof too In Washington, D. C. 
Ooject disappeared westward tnen south where speea accelerated. 

5* Li'.^l |^ a nay veteran, student*; 

Ave, M.W., Washington, D* C, reli2bility unknown. 



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AIR INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION REPORT 



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2- July 1952 



HQ2ctn Air Dlriji?n(;)atoi3*; P-ssl^n, Kj*i,« 

DATE OF infOKMAnON " " ~~ j t MLUAftQH^ "" "^~ 

21 Jaly IV 52 | ?,6. J^ 



'ijor William L Gra*nhaL$h Jr Civilian Observation 



:\ 



.,/:=. 200-5 



1. On 21 July 1952 at 1303 Eastern Daylight tiae # two civilian* In 
?-altiao», ' r Maryland reportod sighting an unconventional aircraft (flying f 
o'jjoct).;;,\Exact position, of observer* and their occupation la unknown, 
y-jUQviofgim the information available on observers: Jacquo Ayd, 5431 
TiaQroko^tfta^^j^toyland, Business •telephones Plaza 2000, Home* J" •."&> 
talaphonetJI RH^ta He^aan,H^^JB|^Koad, Baltimore, Maryland^ 

a ™ p'™-flPB^|f < ■ ■ ■'■■■*;' :'" ';$ 

2. Object was described as a large cone 'shaped object with a T^ t 
jriiiiant, grange glow, Which hurt the eyes to look at it. Object was ')■; 
tr.ivelirigSouthvest and Tw hen fir* t a««n it was «sti5iated "to be ar 2000\ , ; v 
:'jst. It dove vita terrific speedy traveling so fast that it vas difficult.*/ 
ij follow, and then the; observers estimated that it must have bean. at '. 
1S:C0 er 20,000 feet^before diving*. ,, It was about the size of a four,)4( 
t*n^iae aircraft, and wm in eight for approxiiaately one (1) minute^ y : *v 

'■ ■ v, l ■ ' * ■ " - * 

3* Wsather was *V50fr feet scattered, visibility 10 niles, temperature: [)• 
:0 Jfl^rses, dew point*?!'* winds Wast at 11 miles per hour. ;J§| 

i*p lio known aireraft in the area at time of sighting* 

: ^ ,; :^, r< : ./ ■* ,. ■;',./, .,-'..-*■ ^Ijd 

5* Report relayrf.U. this Headquarters fro* Baltimore,, Filter 'Ctat «/•?** (3 

-r-jund Observer Coppe^5&%, 1 ■ V '^. - : -/; " : : : -7 ■'..& [3 



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2 t/3 - Hq U3AF, Wasnington DC - ^ttn: Jir^tor of Ir^elligence 

AirTechnical Intollij-rxo Centsr ;/ri2hf Patterson AF3 Dayton Ohie 
Attn j ATIAA-2C 



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IPP JEDEN JEDWP JEPHQ JlPNB Aft**"" 

DE ROSLYN KY 2BS/JEPQt' 35D. 

P 221300Z 2NJ 

fi-i'gg 26th adiv def roslyn ny 
to jephq/hq usaf washdc 

jedvp/air tech intel center wright patterson afb dayton ohio s ' 

jeden/cg adc ent afb colo 
:jepnp/cg eadf stewart afb newburgh ny 

j/l i*sthicted/ adoiw 52s2 usaf attn dik of intel pd air tech 
iltel center attn atiaa-£C pd'folg flycespt subi-std in accord with afl 

TV.-C IZxtl IliJO Zir.ZY. FIVE pv PA»ZN CKE T-Y./:E!-. LA:'.~E CCME SHAPED Cfij "IT:! 
BSILLIAKT CLALGE GLOW SHC1.N HURT EYES TO LCOi; AT SMCLN ..TRAVELING : 
iSOUTH'CST SHCLN WHEN FIIiST SEEN WAS EST AT T'-JO lERC ZEi<0 ZErtG FT C:iA 



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^'SfrC#t.;$EC, EST OF ALT WAS OH £ FIVE TO ! TWO ZERO THeySAND F*|£ftetitei 
>PRQJ|SIZE OF FOUR ENG PASS AC PD PAREN TWO PAREN SIGHTED A^N^^fe? 



fl?P 

[;K2EE 2ERO THREE EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME SMCLW SIGHTING : LASTED -APPRoi 1 
::JE*MIN PD PAREN THREE PA REN VISUAL OBVRi FROM SUR PD PAREN FOUR PAREN 




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■!\GZ TWO ROSLYN NY 238/JEPaW 35D 



'.^CATION OF OBVRS UNK OTHER THAN IN CITY OF BALTIMORE MD PD PAREN 
■IVE PAREN TWO OBVRS TOGETHER AT TIKE OF SIGHTING SMCLN FIRST OBVR 
fficjus AYB CMA FIVE FOUR THREE ONE TIMBRCKE CMA BALTIMORE CMA 

d3iness tp pla2a jmd zero_zero zero cma home tp clifton six two 
| : :££: nine smc ln sec obvr jg| jjhr cma five four one two leigh 

ad baltimore cma maryland cma ham zero six seven seven smcln/ 
ccupations unk.smcln reliability unk pd paren six paren wea four 
ive zero zero scattered cma visibility one zero. miles cma temperature 

::;;e zero deg cma dew point seven one cma uinds west one one miles 

^ir hour pd paren seven paren meg pd paren eight paren nec pd paren nine 

5 a ren neg pd paren ten paren unk pd end of rpt 

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INITIAL OBSER TO POINT yj*EN OBJ CHANGED COURSE 
TO THEIR HEADING, THFN 2-3 SEC ADDITIONAL UNTIL 
I-|3T. jj ^EST 5 SF.C5 FOR FORMER AND 
: J-3* 5EC3 FOR LATTER. NO OTHER A/C OBSERVED 
IMMEDIATELY BEFORE CR AFTER OP DURING 

NERVATION ALTHOUCH TRAFFIC THIS AREA NORMALLY 
-T2Y HEAVY* SUN BEHIND THEM NOT QUITE AT 
2FNITH. LEATHER DESCRIBED A3 CAVU ABOVE 
; j.\» FT UITJI VERY SLIGHT GROUND HAZE 
. :i) THIN SCUDDY CLOUDS WeR HILLS HHEAt). 



HAS 23 TRS" FL7INC EXPER I ENCE ' AND 




CURRBrfLY 



Ll3. BOT*$ATfiJ 

STATUS* *;-W OTHER REPORT MADE BY 



DO NCT CONSIDER CANOPY REFLECTION 

■ . i 

* POSSIBILITY SINCE KEMPER MOVED HIS HEAD 

"0 VARIOUS POINTS WITHIN CABIN DURING 
BJE&VATION AND ALWAYS OBSERVED SAME 

.D CF C3Af ITEM 7 /RESTRICTED/ 



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COLLISION COURSKJ AS %VINC FW(lN 
3 PURTS, IRREGULAR IN BC^XlME^NP DISTANCE, 
WITH IMPRESSION -DEAD STOPS BETWEEN AND NO 
.i?PARENT ACCELERATION OR DECELERATION, 
■HEN OBJ TURNED ON THEIR HEADING, SPURTING, 
10T10N ^CONTINUED BUT IN VHITICAL PLANE 
"OINC^liK "STEP FASHION" JflMfc BELIEVES 
:~ J WAS TVtG AVAY BECAUSE Or FADING BE 







;: COULD NOT CAIN IMPRESSION 



pSSERVED; 

ti'JT BELIEVED IT COULD HAVE BEEN GOlfrC AWAYA' 

T.OTJt EST OEJ DISAPPEARED WHEN ABOUT 10 DEC, 

■ ;,.*■«- : i ••%' , ' '■•■■.■ ■■ ..■ , ■•' ^-'t'a* 

TLEV rtOH THXJR'COURSE AND DEAD AHTAD* 





K3T i^d SPURTS' TOTAL AHD 

■ J-12Uftt AL. JM INSTATES: IT DISAPPEARED 

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OBSE^Ttf POINT vWlH' OBJ CHAWED COURSE: ! 
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yT.7<rWbV£{* SUN. BEHIND THEM NOT QUITE AT ^, 

J^IIT^^JKATHER B73CpiiB> : . A^CAVUt ABOVE 



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* ^& JULY 53 IN VICINITY 




iTArroft^TOVitjfiajrvii, T7-25 v/ f while 

TYINC; C-4SAT $ 330-61 0»- FT ALT ON 
?EAM*(S'270 WITH COL BAILEY AS PILOT AND 



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i-AjgmPFn AS CO-PI LOTy OBSEHVEDfU/I -V' 

/LWii. 1 " OBJ DESCRI3ED BY BAILEY AS BRIGHT f^f 
SSptfj/BSILLIANT REFLECTION/ VITH NO DEFINITE, > 

::u?e, ■ apppox size cf pin hfap held 12 
inches a'jay. brilliance and size. constant :l 



ruaoiiCHOliT OBSERVATION EXCEPT FADE) GRADUALLY- 






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C0MT,IW0US r ^VtttY B»ICBT5Aim:"S»INfio8LONC#^ :: > :; 
^APEl/PEnBAPS^JtOUGH TOTANCLE/ ^WTB ' LENGTH^* 

'■* ac^SEPTH^iESTlWATI^LINCTH :»iimENTC^:' 

TO 3/l«^INC» : iAxJAiml : 3^i^ 
INE OBSnWEBVAOT tittlts^^ 
i#F.TC. ItO SOUND' HEARD EXCEPT .Wtt|jBWWfc«f^^ ; 
BAILEY pBSERVE»V7IRSr;*AXr ABOUt^ijWPS-; ! ' : "^Mi?/i 

to Rjcfcr 'OF^AVirwEApri^ScALijai^i* 

TTN TO IT ANji^VlCXl* IT VP 






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APwiwAecn^ 

MOnOH CONTHIU» ? Wt JH VJBTICAL PLANT 

Gotetotpttttm*!* /must; mxmi 

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LOSTt KEMPIS EST? 9ECS FOR FORMER AHJIl 
2fi H3j gTCS ro» LATTER. HO OTHER A/C OBSERVED 
:-'Xtgg pTELY BEFORT OR AFTER OR UVRJHC , 
oan#ATIOM AtTHdWil TRAmC$TJIJS AREA HORHALLT 




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AIR INTaLIGEN^lWFSi^BfitoN REPORT ,f 



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Unidentified Flying Object Report 



j *■> *A MPMTD 0* 



FftOM uljrrtff J 



J; V 



Billing iJ^a aiia^Wftehijagtga'Hatic^ttl^ Director of Iatelligence^Bg J 'Coaai f nSAy 



DAT! Of WfOflfcATlOK . 



! -'22 'J ul y 195ZlK 

i ''BsyjAUia l -vbshkcw, c*ft;;osA r ■ ,//;-ff 

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, Hone ' ■ j!?u?i;.v ^wvr-^, V^fr 4V >;;, ,.»* < .- 



V-19 & 23 July 1952 " 



EYftUMTIO* ... -j*- . ^ 

Excellent fc £■-'/ , 



Contrdl Tower Opera/tore* 



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Director 'OJK. r lntalligiaQ«, Headqu»r1^ra CSAP^^WMhington 25, D.C, 1 Qy V 

Air 7*chnicfti Intelligence Center^Wrirht-Pattweon APBi .Ohio, ATTN* ATIAA-2o loyi. 



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AIR INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION REPORT 



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OAtt OJF LNfOftMATtOH 

30 July X9S2 



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