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Full text of "Abbot memorial book"

AUG 1912 



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Digitized by tine Internet Archive 

in 2007 with funding from 

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http://www.archive.org/details/abbotmemorialbooOOabbo 



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PRESS OF A. V. HAIGHT, 

POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y. 



C O NT E N T S . 

PART I. 

FOREWARD. 

CHAPTER FIRST. 

PAGE. 

Leaves from the Book of Life 3 

CHAPTER SECOND. 

Palms for the Victors 14 

Appreciations 37 

CHAPTER THIRD. 

From School to College 40 

CHAPTER FOURTH. 

Reminiscences 52 

CHAPTER FIFTH. 

The Golden Book of Spingler 55 



PART II. 
CHAPTER FIRST. 

The Abbot Memorial in Vassar College 65 

cHAf^TKfc.^Ecaj'ip:. ;';.';/ 

New Notes in an Old Melody. ',.,,•,,-,, t •, , 72 

CHApTF^K'/trikq,';; , 

" The Tie That Binds." . . . l. .lYj I'l /■'\.l'', '{ 83 



ABBOT MEMORIAL BOOK. 

PART I. 



The Abbot Memorial Committee are under obligations to 
Rev. Edward Abbott, D,D., for generous aid rendered in 
the work of the Committee, and especially for material 
used in the production of this memorial volume. 




FOREWORD. 

WHENCE THIS LITTLE BOOK? 
LISTEN ! 

|NCE upon a time two Shining Ones with hearts 
aglow in a great love and a purpose as great 
as the love, came to the busy haunts of men to 
woo to a larger life the daughters of the land. 
Their methods were simple, they but chanted an old 
refrain, in a tongue hitherto unheeded in the market place. 

" Knowledge is better than choice gold ; 
Wisdom is better than rubies, 
All things that may be desired, 
Cannot be compared to it." 

The song was borne afar. The melody was taken up by 
many voices, for it accorded with the unheeded or un- 
spoken longings hidden in young hearts. 

There was quick response, and from near and far came 
those who flocked as the doves to their windows, to the 
new opportunity and hope. 

A brilliant galaxy of noble souls in spiritual affinity with 
the new force of truth drew near with the gifts they had to 
impart, and so it came to pass that the best that man has 
thought or done was poured out in unstinted measure in 
the work of the Shining Ones. 

Then it was recognized that a building not made with 
hands, in which the lively stones were character, and the 
adornments lofty ideals, had been growing through the 



2 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

years. A glorious vision of a College Beautiful dawned 
upon the near horizon. It was more than a vision, for its 
corner stone was laid and its fair walls were rising aglow 
with spiritual light. 

But suddenly the clouds gathered, the mists hung low, 
the vision faded in the shadow, and as men gazed and 
wondered, the heavens received the Shining Ones out of 
their sight. 

They left behind them two forces ; their purpose, and the 
souls they had blessed. 

Into the foundation laid by another Master Workman, 
was poured the labor, the devotion, the experience of years. 

A new era appeared in which young men and maidens 
were infused with such a spirit of achievement in the do- 
main of learning as to transform life. 

The Shining Ones had gone. Few remembered, perhaps 
only they whose lives had been touched by their influence 
knew of the service rendered to their day and to the gener- 
ations that should come after them. 

To these has been given the privilege of gathering the 
fragments remaining of a life story of sacrifice, of radiant 
burden-bearing, of unswerving consecration to lofty ideals, 
through the years of a long career. Such a record must 
forever sanctify the teachers' high vocation and preserve in 
the annals of education the honored names of those who 
first inaugurated and made possible the woman's college in 
America. 

" And the Spirit, said write. 

Blessed." 
Hence this 

ABBOT MEMORIAL BOOK. 




THE ABBOT MEMORIAL BOOK.* 

CHAPTER FIRST. 

LEAVES FROM THE BOOK OF LIFE. 
BY REV. EDWARD ABBOTT, D.D, 

gORHAM DUMMER ABBOT was born in Bruns- 
wick, Maine, on the third of September, 1 807 ; 
the fourth child and third son of Jacob and 
Betsey Abbot. He received his name in 
memory of Gorham Dummer, a son of Judge Dummer 
of Hallowell, who had married his mother's sister, Sarah 
Abbot, of Concord, New Hampshire. He fitted for Bow- 
doin College, in part at the Academy in Gorham, under 
Mr. Nason; in part at Wiscasset, with Dr. Packard; and 
graduated in the class of 1826, in company with Sargent S. 
Prentiss, John T. Gilman, George Trask, and others, thirty- 
one in all; a class slightly smaller than, and hardly destined 
to as much distinction as, the now famous one of 1825, 
immediately preceding; of which his brother, John S. C. 
Abbott, was a member. After graduation he taught for a 
season at Castine, Maine, and took a partial course at An- 
dover Theological Seminary, in the class of 1831, being the 
same in which Rev. Dr. Brainerd of Philadelphia, Presi- 
dents Stearns and Labaree, and Professors Peck and Owen 
graduated — serving for a time during his course as Asso- 

*Early in their manhood the several sons of Jacob Abbot, of Brunswick, 
changed the spelling of their surname by the addition of a second t ; but in 
his later manhood the subject of this Memorial returned to the other mode. 
This fact accounts for the variation followed in these pages. 



4 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

ciate Principal of Amherst Academy. At the close of his 
theological studies he made an extended equestrian tour 
along the Atlantic seaboard into the Southern States, partly 
in the hopes of restoring his health, which had become 
seriously impaired. Upon his return he rendered assis- 
tance to his brother, Jacob Abbott, in the Mount Vernon 
School for Young Ladies in Boston. It was in connection 
with this school that he became acquainted with Miss Re- 
becca S. Leach, having been the means of securing her as 
one of its teachers; whom he married on the nth of 
February, 1834. Subsequently he removed to New York 
City, where, having assumed the pastoral charge of the 
Presbyterian Church at New Rochelle, he was ordained as 
an evangelist by the Third Presbytery, on the 25th of De- 
cember, 1837. In this relation he continued until 184 1, 
residing at New Rochelle, but giving much of his thought 
and time to the development of certain educational and 
literary projects in company with gentlemen in the city. 
It was at this tinie that he undertook the organization of 
the American Society for the Diffusion of Useful Know- 
ledge; in whose service he traveled very extensively 
throughout the country, arranging public meetings in its 
behalf, and promoting the circulation through the common 
schools of a wholesome literature. 

In 1843 Mr. Abbot repaired to New York, to join his 
older brother Jacob and his younger brother Charles, in the 
founding of a " New Seminary for Young Ladies." The 
location of this school was at No. 45 Lafayette Place, Colon- 
nade Houses, opposite to which the Astor Library now 
stands. This was the beginning of Mr. Abbot's long and 
successful career as an educator. The " First Report, with 
Catalogue," of the new institution, dated 1844, shows a 
total of between one hundred and thirty and one hundred 



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Leaves from the "Book of Life. 5 

and forty pupils. The number increased so rapidly, that 
in the spring of 1845 it became necessary to remove to a 
larger edifice on Houston Street, and in the fall of the same 
year the entire Senior Department, embracing fifty young 
ladies, was detached, under Mr. Abbot, to form at his resi- 
dence on Washington Square, a distinct school for the 
pursuit of the higher branches of a liberal education. The 
old school remained in its former quarters. 

In May, 1846, Mr. Abbot removed his "Institution" to 
the corner of University Place and Ninth Street; and again 
in 1848 to a fine new edifice on Union Square, erected 
especially for it by the heirs of the then late Henry Sping- 
ler. With this last step the school assumed the name of 
"The Spingler Institute." under which it justly became one 
of the educational landmarks of the city. For a long series 
of years it occupied a foremost position, and drew board- 
ing pupils from all parts of the country, as well as day 
scholars from all parts of the metropolis. During the six- 
teen years from 1845 to 1861, when the school reached the 
highest pitch of its success, more than thirteen hundred 
young ladies were connected with it, coming from as 
many as twenty-eight different States, the District of 
Columbia, Canada, and the West Indies; and even from 
as far away a land as Switzerland. 

All this success "The Spingler" fairly deserved. Re- 
peated visits to Europe' had familiarized Mr, Abbot with 
the best methods and appliances of instruction abroad, and 
nothing was spared that might increase the usefulness of 
the institution, and advance its character. It came to have 
a gallery of numerous and valuable paintings ; a philoso- 
phical apparatus equal in most respects, if not all, to that 



1 He was a juror at the " World's Fair" in London in 1851. 



6 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

of any college in the country; and a corps of teachers em- 
bracing many names of real distinction; while the courses 
of lectures which it provided, on a true university plan, 
evinced an enterprise which was more striking then, than 
it would be now, because more novel. 

The school further was truly a church, and its principal 
a pastor, in the efforts taken with the religious training 
of the pupils, and the influence exerted upon character. 
There was one time when fifteen only daughters were 
members of the family; it cannot be said now how many 
passed through the school to become the servants of Christ. 

"The Spingler" was at the meridian of its success and 
fame, when, in 1861, it was removed to the famous Town- 
send Mansion, on the corner of Fifth Avenue and Thirty- 
fourth Street, purchased by Mr. Abbot for its accommada- 
tion at a very large cost. With this removal, the school 
resumed its old name of the " Abbot Collegiate Institute," 
but though passing for the time being into greater promi- 
nence, it could hardly enlarge its true resources by the 
change, or extend and deepen its already remarkable influ- 
ence. And when, a few years later, under pressure of 
war times, this mansion of splendor was of necessity re- 
linquished for a more modest house on the corner of Park 
Avenue and Thirty-eighth Street, it was for the school to 
enter upon what proved its final stage. 

It is no exaggeration to say that during these more than 
twenty years of labor as an instructor, Mr. Abbot rendered 
services of exceptional value, not only in the direct training 
of the many hundreds of young ladies who came under 
his care, but in raising the standard of female education all 
over the land; and without a doubt the present rapid pro- 
gress of this cause owes its impulse in no small degree 
to him. 




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Leaves from the TSook of Life. 7 

Mr. Abbot's life-work was education, not authorship; 
nevertheless he wrote several books, and his hand is to be 
distinguished in not a few of the reports and other docu- 
ments uttered by various organizations with which he was 
from time to time connected; while he was an occasional, 
though not a frequent contributor to the periodical press. 
He was the means, however, of many valuable pubHcations, 
being by instinct and taste an organizer of literature rather, 
than personally a writer. All his influence of this sort it 
would be impossible here to trace; nor do the titles given 
below' probably exhaust the list of works of which he was 
himself actually the author. It is an interesting fact that 
these his several publications very completely exemplify the 
three-fold engagement of his tireless mind, and the corre- 

'Memoir of Nathan W. Dickerman, who Died at Boston, (Mass.) January 
2, 1830, in the Eighth Year of his Age. Boston: Peirce & Parker, 1851. 
Small i2mo, pp. 140. 

Scripture Natural History. ... By William Carpenter. First Ameri- 
can, from the Latest London Edition, with Impiovements. By Rev. Gorham 
D. Abbot. Illustrated by Numerous Engravings. To which are Added 
Sketches of Palestine and the Holy Land. Boston: Lincoln, Edmands & 
Co., 1833. i2mo. pp. 408. 

The Death of the Righteous: A Discourse Delivered in the Presbyterian 
Church, at New Rochelle, N. Y., on the Occasion of the Funeral Services of 
Dr. Matson Smith, March 19, 1845. Being a Narrative of the Exercises of a 
Dying Christian. By Gorham D. Abbot. New York: Not Published: 
Printed for the Family. 1845. Pamphlet, pp. 32. 

The First English Reader. Edited by the Rev. Gorham D. Abbot. Il- 
lustrated. London: Taylor & Walton, mdcccxlviii. i2mo. pp. 143. 

The Second English Reader, do., do. 

The New English Spelling Book. Designed to teach Orthography and 
Orthoepy: with a Critical Analysis of the Language, and a Classification of 
its Elements. On a New Plan. By Rev. Gorham D. Abbot. Second Edi- 
tion, with Illustrations. London: Taylor & Walton, mdcccxlviii. i2mo. 
pp. 138. 

Mexico AND the United States: Their Mutual Relations and Common 
Interests. By Gorham D. Abbot, LL. D. With Portraits on Steel of Juarez 
and Romero, and Colored Maps. New York: G. P. Putnam & Son, 1869. 
8vo. pp. 391. 



8 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

spending phases of his busy life, namely: the sketch of 
Nathan Dickerman and the Memorial Sermon, his interest 
in personal religion and Christian character; the Natural 
History and the Speller and Readers ; his concern for thor- 
ough education and the amplest educational apparatus; 
and the work on Mexico, his enthusiasm upon great public 
questions of his time. 

With all his successes, Mr. Abbot was a sufferer by many 
misfortunes, some of which followed him to his dying day, 
but none of which embittered his spirit. His interest in 
useful inventions, and his taste for venture, led him into 
many enterprises lying outside the path of his profession, 
none of which estranged his heart from his high duties, 
but not a few of which resulted disastrously. The com- 
petence with which he retired from active life, failed him 
just at the time when most he needed it, and he was finally 
left in very different circumstances from those which he 
had enjoyed in the earlier part of his career. 

Early in 1871 Mr. and Mrs. Abbot, relieved at last of the 
heavy burdens of professional toil and responsibility which 
they had long borne together, removed to the village of 
South Natick, a few miles out of Boston, where, in the 
ancient house formerly occupied by Mrs. Abbot's mother, 
they secured to themselves a quiet home for their remain- 
ing years. Mr. Abbot found various service for his active 
mind and ready hand, though feeble health now precluded 
the laborious industry which had always been his habit. 
At one period he ministered to the Eliot Congregational 
Church, and with great acceptance; and in many ways 
gave expression to his unfailing interest in the social, intel- 
lectual and religious development of the community. The 
spirit was always willing, and but for the flesh, that was 
weak, he would have done far more. Up to the very end 




Leaves fropsr-'We ^ook of Life. 



of his life hj^ympathies and efforts continued to be en- 



listed itr behalf of various useful and beneficient enter- 
prises of a public character. 

The end came on the third day of August, 1874. "At 
evening time it shall be Hght." The prediction has a true 
fulfillment in his dying hour. For months his exhausted 
system had been struggling with a complication of dis- 
orders, and a third stroke of paralysis brought him to his 
dying bed. Peacefully in the dusk and hush of the August 
evening he passed away: dying in the house where forty 
years before he had been married, and attended to the last 
by her, who from that hour had been really his earthly rod 
and staff, and whose sagacious counsel and reverent love 
had never failed him. 

His funeral was attended on the Wednesday following 
in the village church, where, while living, he had so often 
ministered in the Master's name. The impressive exercises 
centered around an address of touching pathos and singular 
power by his brother John. His body was carried to Green- 
wood Cemetery, and there the next day, Thursday, it being 
his mother's birthday, was laid by that of his beloved and 
only daughter Lillie, who had died many years before. 

While Mr. Abbot would have been the last to disavow 
his share of the weaknesses and errors which are common 
10 us all, yet, if there were ever a truly religious nature, his 
was one. He was preeminently a man of prayer. He 
loved the hymns of the church, and could repeat more of 
them, than some hymn books contain. They were on his 
tongue's end in his sickness, when other words refused to 
do his bidding. With any less of trust and resignation, 
and of the conscious presence of the Saviour, he could not 
have endured as he did the trials of his closing years— the 
wasting away of physical powers, the loss of property. 



I o The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

the necessary parting with much that was tenderly cher- 
ished, the dependence upon others, and often intense pain 
and prolonged suffering. And yet, constant and faithful 
as were the ministrations of his kindred and friends, noth- 
ing was so grateful and truly sustaining to him, as the 
privilege of reposing on God, and leaving all earthly care 
with him. 

The year 1874 was crowded with the deaths of eminent 
men — among clergymen such as: Rev. Drs. N. C. Burt, 
Thomas DeWitt, Joseph Haven, E. N. Kirk, Henry W. 
Lee, T. A. Morris, Solomon Peck, J. H. Whitehouse and 
James Wallace; but to few of them could heartier tributes 
have been paid, either in public or private, than to Mr. Ab- 
bot. In substance some of these tributes are found under 
the head of "Appreciations." 



Leaves from the 'Booh of Life. 1 1 

II. 

Mrs. Abbot's native place was South Natick, and the 
house in which she was born and married still stands. She 
attended school first at a Mr. Emerson's in Beverly [or 
Saugus] ; a teacher who, as she afterwards used to say, 
exerted a great religious influence over her mind. After 
this, she was a pupil in Miss Grant's school in Ipswich, and 
then a teacher in the same for about a year. From Ipswich 
she went to Waltham, and there conducted a school of her 
own. It was from Waltham that her reputation as a 
teacher reached Boston, and it was to Waltham that Mr. 
Abbot was sent to engage her services for the Mount Ver- 
non School. The acquaintance, thus begun, ran at once 
into a deep attachment, and ended in marriage. Miss 
Leach, however, first remained in her connection with the 
Mount Vernon School some five years. 

The marriage was solemnized at South Natick on the 
eleventh day of February, 1834. Members of her own 
family alone were present; but her welcome to the family 
of her husband was exceedingly affectionate and sincere. 
No wife ever linked herself more heartily and entirely to 
her husband's fortunes, than did she; her work of faith, 
patience of hope, and labor of love, through forty years 
of married life, contributed materially to his strength and 
success. Her qualities of mind and person were such, as 
to inspire the reverence of all who met her, and the 
affection of all who knew her. Her figure was com- 
manding, her dignity was impressive, her address was 
winning. She was a woman of decided character; yet. 
the dominating force which she carried into every circle 
of relation and influence, was clothed with such gentle- 
ness and sweetness, as to give it a peculiar charm. 



12 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

With the Spingler Institute in New York, in its various 
forms, her connection was always close and vital. She 
was more than the wife of its principal. Not habitually 
instructing in the class-room, she was yet the soul of the 
household, and her intellectual and moral presence was felt 
throughout the entire establishment. 

The winter of 1874-5, following Mr. Abbot's death, Mrs. 
Abbot spent in the family of her husband's nephew. Rev. 
Edward Abbott, in Cambridge, Mass. ; returning for the 
summer to her lonely South Natick home. In the autumn 
she accepted an invitation to pass the winter of 1875-6 with 
her husband's brother. Rev. John S. C. Abbott, in Fair Ha- 
ven, Conn. A strong inducement to this arrangement was 
the hope of finding some useful and congenial whiling 
away of her time in the school for young ladies, conducted 
in the house by his daughter, Miss Ellen W. Abbott; a hope 
in which she was not disappointed. It seemed afterward a 
fitting and pleasant thing that her life should have come to 
its close amid somewhat of the same scene and atmosphere 
which had enveloped the greater part of it elsewhere. 

About the 24th of March she fell ill, no one knew ex- 
actly how; except that it was true that she had had much 
trouble with a cough all through the winter. By Saturday, 
the 25th, she had taken to her bed, and the services of a 
nurse were required. The physician pronounced the at- 
tack a severe bronchial inflammation, with a tendency to 
congestion, and expressed some doubts as to the result. 
From the outset she seemed to realize the gravity of her 
situation, and calmly made her preparations for the possible 
issue of death. Her disease brought her much suffering at 
times, but when free from distress she lay patiently and 
placidly, and took great comfort in the recitation of Scrip- 
ture, the reading of hymns, and the offering of prayer, by 



Leaves from the 'Book of Life. 13 

the various members of the household who waited in turn 
at her bedside. 

Just at eight o'clock on the evening of Wednesday, 
March the 29th, she fell gently asleep, surrounded by the 
members of the household, who from the beginning had 
ministered so lovingly to her wants. 

" So fades the summer cloud away; 

So sinks the gale when storms are o'er; 
So gently shuts the eye of day; 
So dies a wave along the shore." 

With her, as it had been with her husband, it was just 
such a death, as is imaged in these beautiful and familiar 
lines. 

On Saturday afternoon, at three, her remains were laid 
away in Greenwood, prayer being offered by the former 
pastor of the family, the beloved Rev. Dr. Prentiss, while 
the hymn, "God is the refuge of His saints, " was sung 
simply by the little company of kindred and friends who 
stood by; the same hymn, sung by almost the same voices, 
as at the burial of her husband a year and nine months be- 
fore. 

And here we leave them, husband, wife and daughter, 
sainted three : sleeping the sleep that knows no waking 
" until the day break and the shadows flee away." One 
plain but massive marble stone, of Mrs. Abbot's own se- 
lection, marks the spot, and in the three simple inscriptions 
upon its face, their memories are bound up together. 




CHAPTER SECOND. 

PALMS FOR THE VICTORS. 
From ' ' A "Brief Memorial. '' 

CHURCH OF THE COVENANT (Presbyterian), corner Park Avenue and 
Thirty-Fifth Street. — Rev. Marvin R. Vincent, D.D., Pastor, will preach 
Sunday Morning. Service at ii o'clocl<. At 4 p. m., Rev. Lyman Abbott 
will deliver an address, commemorative of the late Rev. Gorham D. and 
Mrs Rebecca S. Abbot, formerly Principals of the Spingler Institute of this 
city. Friends and former pupils are invited to be present. 

UCH was the notice, in the New York Tribune 
of the twenty-second of April, 1876, which 
drew to the Church of the Covenant, on the 
Sabbath afternoon following, a congregation 
including many of the kindred and former friends of 
those who were gone. With the Church of the Covenant, 
not only in its present house on Park Avenue, but in 
the earlier one on Mercer Street, Mr. and Mrs. Abbot both, 
had been connected; making the place peculiarly ap- 
propriate for the service contemplated. After the usual 
voluntary, the twenty-second chapter of the Revelation was 
read by Rev. Dr. Vincent; the hymn, " It is not death to 
die," was sung; and prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. S. I. 
Prime; after which followed in turn the singing of the 
hymn, " Oh for the death of those;" an address by Rev. 
Lyman Abbott; remarks by Rev. Dr. Vincent; an address 
by Rev. Dr. G. L. Prentiss; and singing, again, of the 
hymn, "Give me the wings of faith;" the benediction, 
pronounced by Rev. Dr. Prentiss, bringing the exercises to 
a close. "The service," said the New York Observer, 



Talms for the Victors. 1 5 

" was very interesting and appropriate, and was an affect- 
ing testimonial of respect for the memory of those, who 
have contributed largely and widely to the cause of female 
education, and whose names are dear to thousands of 
females throughout the land." 
The prayer and addresses were as follows: 

PRAYER BY REV. DR. PRIME. 

Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou 
hadst formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to 
everlasting. Thou art God ! With Thee there is no beginning 
of days nor end of years. Men die; the places that knew 
them once, know them no more forever; but Thou art the 
same yesterday, and today, and forever; and with Thee there 
is no variableness neither shadow of turning. What is man, 
or the son of man, that Thou shouldst be mindful of him ? 
Oh, may a sense of Thy glory fall upon us and make us 
suitably afraid, when we contrast the shortness of our own 
lives with Thy eternity. Oh God, we thank Thee for the 
faithful lives of those who have passed away before us; 
for the example they have left us of fidelity to Thy service. 
We thank Thee for all the good which Thou hast permitted 
them to accomplish here in the earth ; and we praise Thee, 
O God, that we are permitted to enjoy the fruits of their 
instruction, and profit by what we have received from them 
in times that are past; and that we are permitted to enjoy 
also life and health and strength, that we may improve the 
privileges we have had, and work still longer in Thy vine- 
yard. We desire, O God, especially, met together as we 
are this afternoon in these memorial services, to record with 
gratitude all Thy goodness unto those who have been called 
away ; and while we delight in the precious memories which 
gather in our hearts in connection with them, we pray that 



1 6 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

we may also be stimulated ourselves to greater fidelity in 
Thy service; to a spirit of higher consecration of ourselves 
to God. May we delight to spend and be spent for Him 
who, though He was rich, for our sakes became poor, 
that we through His poverty might be rich. We pray Thee, 
O God, that Thy blessing may come down upon all those 
who formerly sat under the tuition of those whom we com- 
memorate this afternoon — scattered abroad as they are over 
our land, and in other lands; wheresoever they may be, we 
pray that the spirit of God may possess their hearts and 
minds; that their educated intellects maybe consecrated 
to God, and that they may be the means of perpetuating 
the influence of those who have been called away. O 
Lord, grant Thy blessing upon the children and youth of 
our country. May they be trained up in Thy service and 
in Thy fear. Grant, O God, that the spirit of the Lord may 
descend upon all our institutions of learning, and that from 
them may go out from generation to generation precious 
influences for the purification and the salvation of the church 
and the world. From our land may there go out into all 
lands the light of knowledge, and the light of civil liberty, 
and the still more glorious light of the Gospel of Christ, 
until all the earth shall be filled with the knowledge and the 
glory of Thy great name. Be with us while we are engaged 
in these interesting and solemn services. May Thy blessing 
come down richly upon those who shall speak to us, and 
may their words sink into our hearts with power, and as 
good seed may they spring up to bear fruit in after days. 
Qualify us each and every one for whatever service we are 
called to do; may we do it with our might as unto the 
Lord; and whether we preach, or whether we teach, or 
whether we learn, or whether we engage in the secular 
business of the world, may we all have our talents and our 



Talms for the Victors. 1 7 

opportunities and our minds devoted to God, feeling that 
we are not our own, but have been bought with a price, 
even the precious blood of Christ. And may we so live, 
that when we come to die, we shall look back upon lives 
well spent in Thy service, and may we then receive a wel- 
come into Thy presence and into Thy joy, through Jesus 
Christ our Lord. Amen. 

REMARKS BY REV. DR. VINCENT. 

Mr. and Mrs. Abbot were connected with this church 
organization from its beginning. After the recent death of 
Mrs. Abbot it was thought that a memorial service of this 
character would be a pleasant recognition of those valued 
and faithful servants of God, not only to members of this 
church and congregation in which their hearts were much 
interested during their lives, but also to the various pupils, 
so many of whom remain in our city, who have passed 
under their Christian tuition. Accordingly, a few weeks 
ago, the committee of the members of this church, to- 
gether with the former pastor, Rev. Dr. Prentiss and Prof. 
Smith, requested Rev. Lyman Abbott to prepare a memo- 
rial discourse, to present to us on this occasion. You will 
now be addressed by Mr. Abbott. 

ADDRESS BY REV. LYMAN ABBOTT. 

We have met here this day, consecrated to the honor and 
worship of our God, not to turn aside from that higher 
service to the lower one of honoring man. We have not 
forgotten our Master's direction: " Let the dead bury their 
dead ; follow thou Me." Yet neither do we forget that He 
who teaches us ever by His own divine example, teaches 
us perpetually by the example of His followers, that these 
letters, known and read of all men, which He is continually 



1 8 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

writing with His own hand in the lives of His disciples, are 
a part of His greater unfinished Bible; that to read the 
story of His present grace is sometimes as helpful to us and 
as honoring to Him, as to turn back the pages of history to 
read what He wrought in Peter and John and Paul eighteen 
hundred years ago; that sainthood did not perish when the 
first century closed; and that it is the triumph of His grace 
and the glory of His name, to make saints out of very 
common stuff, just such material as that of which you and 
I are made. 

I wish that the duty of speaking here to the memory of 
Mr. and Mrs. Abbot might have been assigned to one of his 
brothers rather, than to a nephew, or at least to one better 
acquainted with their earlier life, its methods, its struggles, 
its achievements. Yet I gladly bear part in this testimonial, 
less to them as individuals, than to those Christian princi- 
ples and that Christian faith, of which they afforded to all 
who knew them, so signal an example. 

Measured by the ordinary standards of success, the life 
of Mr. Gorham Abbot was not a success. Your presence 
here is itself a protest against the measurements which a 
great commercial metropolis prescribes. It is an ambition 
of men, not wholly an ignoble one, to leave behind as a 
testimony to their productive industry and their wise econo- 
my, a fortune. Though Mr. Abbot possessed at one time 
a competence, dying he left neither an heir, nor an estate. 
It is an ambition of men to achieve a reputation and leave 
a name, written in characters less evanescent than Long- 
fellow's famous footsteps on the sands of time. Today 
the names of Mr. and Mrs. Gorham Abbot are honored, and 
their memories are cherished, in the homes presided over 
by their pupils, not one of whom, I think, fails to preserve, 
as a sacred keepsake, the recollection of the hours spent in 



'Palms for the Victors. 19 

the dear old Spingler. But with the present generation 
their names will pass away, or be preserved only in a single 
paragraph of a few lines in the biographical dictionaries, or 
the annals of American education. It is the ambition of 
men to leave behind them some great work, some enduring 
monument, which shall perpetuate to future generations 
their name and the memory of their service. Wiser than 
the Egyptian kings, we build for our pyramids a Vassar 
College, a Lenox Library, or a Cooper Union. But the in- 
stitution which Mr. and Mrs. Abbot founded, did not survive 
them. Unlike the ship that lives to breast many a storm, 
and carry many a passenger, after the enfeebled and dis- 
abled captain leaves it, Abbot's Institute was broken up, 
when her commanders left her deck; not even the honored 
name has been preserved in any like institutions of learning. 
It was the one sacred ambition of my uncle's life to estab- 
lish a college for the daughters, that should be the peer of 
Harvard or of Yale. By successive enlargements of the 
Institution, he seemed almost to have reached the realiza- 
tion of this cherished purpose, when the outbreak of the 
civil war, and consequent unparalleled business derange- 
ments, involved it in financial disaster from which it never 
recovered. Thus thwarted and disappointed, and finally 
compelled by failing health and disastrous circumstances 
to abandon his hope, he lived to see others realize his own 
plans, and convert his castle in the air, into a solid structure. 
With all his industrious rubbing, no genie of the lamp ap- 
peared to do his bidding. It was his only to conceive the 
palace; other Aladdins built and dwelt in it. Like Michael 
Angelo, he formed the design of the cathedral, which others 
were raised up to construct. Like Moses, the land toward 
which he had for so many years so patiently and toilsomely 
journeyed, he was allowed only to see from afar. 



20 The Abhot Memorial 'Book. 

Nevertheless, his life was a success. He left more than 
a fortune, more than a name, more than an institution be- 
hind him ; he left an impulse. He came as the south wind 
comes; which breath, laden with the life of spring, blows 
across a continent. It is here; it is gone; and we forget 
its coming and its departure. But it leaves behind it an 
inheritance which makes summer sweety autumn rich, and 
winter itself bright with both, memories of the past and 
hopes of the future. So such a life as that of Mr. and Mrs. 
Abbot (I speak of their confluent lives as one) leaves the 
sacred fruits of its influence to be garnered by those who 
have forgotten, or who never knew, the summery influ- 
ence which made their harvest possible. 

It is hard for us today to realize the condition of the 
public mind on the subject of woman's education when 
they began their life work. So radical and so revolution- 
ary a change was never before wrought in public senti- 
ment so quietly and in so short a time. So great a victory 
was never won over prejudices so entrenched, with so 
little noise of artillery, and so little music of either defiance 
before, or triumph afterward. A hundred years ago no 
one claimed for women the right to a comprehensive edu- 
cation; today no one denies that right. 

When in 1845 the seed of the Spingler Institute was 
planted, there was not, I think, a true collegiate institution 
for women in the land. The popular theology held that 
God made man for himself, but woman for man; she had 
not yet learned the answer in the Catechism. The chief 
end of man is to glorify God and enjoy Him forever; she 
had not yet come into her inheritance — the right to be all 
that the largest development can make her, the right to 
use all the endowments which her divine Creator has given 
to her. The educational controversies of the age were be- 



Talms for the yictors. 2\ 

tween those who sought to fit her for service in the kitchen, 
and those who sought to fit her for ornament in the draw- 
ing-room ; her curriculum vibrated between instruction in 
the arts of cooking, sweeping and dusting, and those of 
embroidery, piano playing, and a little French; her philoso- 
phical instruments were the needle, the dust-brush, and 
the cook-stove. A learned woman was an object of satire, 
as an ignorant man was one of scorn. The world had not 
yet learned from Florence Nightingale what are the possi- 
bilities of Christian philanthropy, when directed by a 
woman's persevering, patient love; nor from Mrs. Brown- 
ing and Mrs. Stowe, what are the veins of literature which 
she can open and mine; nor from Mrs. Somerville and Miss 
Mitchell what are her scientific possibilities of attainment. 
If one, more radical than his fellows, demanded for his 
sister the right to study the classics and the higher mathe- 
matics, he was met with the annihilating response: How 
will acquaintance with logarithms make her a better house- 
keeper, or a knowledge of Greek roots a better cook ? 
That she had a right to be something more and higher 
than either cook or housekeeper, a right to be a woman, 
with every part of her nature developed by study and en- 
riched by culture; a right, as a daughter of God, to share 
with her brother in the fruits of the tree of knowledge 
which God has made free to all his children; was neither 
claimed by herself nor allowed her by others. The ancient 
Greek, the modern Hindoo, idea of womanhood was not yet 
supplanted by that of a Christianity, which knows neither 
bond nor free, neither male nor female ; and that monstrous 
travesty on woman's rights which, in lieu of maintaining 
her right to a full-orbed womanhood, has vainly sought to 
make a man of her, cast ill-deserved obloquy on the few, 
who believed that God made man and woman equal, none 



22 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

the less because they believed that He had made them 
unlike. 

Then it was that Mr. Abbot laid before him the pattern 
according to which, with undeviating fidelity, he wrought 
throughout his life. I do not think he saw his aim more 
clearly at the end, than at the beginning. It was at once 
his weakness and his strength that he aimed at unattain- 
able results; that his ideals lay far above his utmost reach. 
His expressed purpose in the foundation of the Spingler 
Institute was this, to give to America's daughters an edu- 
cation as broad, as generous, as thorough, as America gave 
her sons, and to this end, to establish a college for girls, 
that should be as rich in all its endowments, as any that 
generous wealth in the past had given to boys. He saw 
in a vision, what Mr. Vassar in our own State, and Mr. 
Durant in Massachusetts, have made real, and without 
wealth, and at the outset with no other influence than 
such as an earnest and unselfish purpose always confers, 
he labored for its realization. In the old Spingler at Union 
Square he constructed a chapel patterned after those of our 
colleges; he purchased, at no inconsiderable expense, a 
valuable philosophical apparatus; he provided courses of 
lectures in the physical sciences; he hung upon his walls 
the finest pictures of America's then first artists; he sought 
abroad the best copies of the best works of some of the 
great artists of the past. His one uniform answer to the 
cavils of unbelievers or the doubts of skeptics was a simple 
continuance in well doing. He made few speeches; he 
wrote few articles; he entered into no debate. He left his 
pupils to answer by their womanly, wifely, motherly lives, 
in hundreds of happy, cultured Christian homes, the bitter 
sneers or the honest doubts of those, who believed that 
ignorance is the mother of virtue. They have given the 



Talms for the Victors. 2) 

answer, and they have given it well. And, I think, Chris- 
tian America no longer tolerates Hindoo civilization, or 
doubts that the highest Christian culture is the best prepa- 
ration for the sacred duties of the priestess of God's first 
church, the family. 

From this one purpose Mr. Abbot never turned aside. 
When, in what I cannot but regard as the one mistake of 
his life, he seemed to do so, to engage in ventures apart 
from his chosen work, it was but to supply himself 
with means to accomplish this mission. His pursuit of it 
was characterized by an unselfish devotion to the end. In 
long and repeated conferences with Mr. Vassar he com- 
municated to the founder of Vassar College the fruits of 
his own study and experience; and he held himself well 
repaid when, after his own Institute had been discontinued, 
he was permitted to see the result of his own labors in an 
Institution, in whose fame and fortune he had no part. A 
pioneer, he was content to clear the way, and to see others 
build in regions which he had redeemed from the wilder- 
ness. He himself would be first to resent the injustice of 
seeming to ignore other laborers in this field, other pioneers 
as brave, as hardy, as determined as himself; but I shall do 
no injustice to any one in saying, that among them all there 
was no one who perceived the end from the beginning 
more clearly, or pursued it with greater singleness of aim, 
greater unselfishness of purpose, and greater patience and 
persistence of Christian hope, than Mr. Abbot. 

If I have thus far spoken of Mr. Abbot chiefly, it is only 
because she, whose delight it was to merge her life in his, 
would wish, I am sure, on this occasion, to hide her own 
name under the shadow of her husband's. But those who 
knew them both will echo with feeling the declaration of 
his brother, in a private note to me: " In my judgment 



24 The Abbot Memorial ^ook. 

the success of Abbot Institute was as much owing to Re- 
becca, as to himself." 

If we inquire into the secret of Mr. Abbot's purpose, and 
of the real success in seeming failure which he attained, 
we must go back to his childhood, back to a mother who 
inspired him with a noble idea of true womanhood, who 
taught him, less by her words than by her sympathies and 
the mere force of her own strong character, that it were 
far better to die in poverty, having served God and His 
children, than to die in wealth after a life consecrated to 
self alone; who taught her children every Sabbath evening 
hymns with the Catechism, and inspired them with a 
cheerful onlooking to the garden of God, which made re- 
ligious hope at once a strength in life and a consolation in 
death; who pictured death never as with scythe in hand, 
cutting down remorselessly the flowers in his path, but 
always as a tender gardener transporting the bloom and 
life of earth to 

" Those everlasting gardens 
Where angels walk and seraphs are the wardens, 
And every flower, brought safe through death's dark portal. 
Becomes immortal." 

The religion of New England is like her mountains; 
cold, hard, and forbidding it often seems to those, who 
look at it only from afar. But those who know it, know 
that in truth it is clothed with verdure and beauty, and 
that from its heart there issue perpetual springs of living 
water, which the frosts of winter never freeze, and the 
droughts of summer never dry. This was the religion in 
which Mr. Abbot was nurtured. We must also recall the 
portrait of another woman, who presided over the Vaughan 
family library of nearly twelve thousand volumes, and who 
opened its treasures freely to the Abbott boys, and gave 



'Palms for the Victors, 25 

them, perhaps more than any other teacher, those literary 
tastes, which determined the course of their later lives. To 
these two women Mr. Abbot owed his first high ideals of 
womanhood. Later life confirmed his faith in the possi- 
bilities of woman's culture. If he never doubted for one 
instant, as he never did, that the highest culture and the 
most queenly grace is quite consistent with a matronly 
modesty and a wifely devotion, who shall say how far it 
was due to the fact that his wife was always with him, to 
demonstrate by her presence the truth he held so sacredly ? 
If he succeeded wonderfully in impressing upon his pu- 
pils his ideal of a true womanhood, as he certainly did, 
who shall say how far that success was due to the fact 
that his wife perpetually and unconsciously exemplified to 
the sight what he could but paint to the imagination? To 
his mother, to the teacher of his boyhood, and to his wife, 
he owed, under God, that conception of womanhood, as 
an ideal, which he has done so much to make real. 

In the achievement of this work three elements in his 
character will be recognized by all who knew him, as con- 
tributing to his success. I speak of them here today, less 
to honor the dead, than to point out to the living the secret 
of that subtle power which we call influence. 

I. He was a man of high ideals, — quite too high they 
seemed to practical men, sometimes in fact too high for 
possible achievement with the means at his command. 
His faith was of the sort that removes mountains. He 
never rested content with the merely practical ; he was al- 
ways aiming at the possible. He never was satisfied to 
meet the average expectations of men; he framed in im- 
agination the highest ideal, and worked patiently toward it. 
The world is apt to think lightly of such a visionary nature, 
and to greet him as Joseph was greeted by his brethren: 



26 The Abbot Memorial ^ook. 

" Behold this dreamer cometh." But were it not for the 
dreamers, the world would make no progress. This ideal- 
ism was characteristic of everything Mr. Abbot planned or 
purposed. Some of you will remember his intense inter- 
est in a proposed ship canal across the Isthmus of Nicara- 
gua, and a map which he had constructed, showing all the 
commerce between East and West converging there. Was 
it a dream ? Perhaps. Wait and see. This idealism col- 
ored his religious experience. The second coming of our 
Lord, which is but as a dim and distant hope to most of us, 
seemed just at hand to him; the " new heavens and new 
earth wherein dwelleth righteousness," which is but a poem 
or a picture to most of us, were a glad reality to him. No 
ideal of moral and spiritual excellence, for a man or woman, 
seemed to him impossible. Nothing which he could think 
did he believe impossible for God to do. It was this 
large idealism which made him one of the most inspiring 
teachers, and study under him never a drudgery, rarely a 
task, almost always a delight. 

The world is in no great danger from its idealists. There 
is no such book of ideals as the Bible. When we have 
done our utmost to picture the full glory of the term " sons 
of God," this Book still tells us that there lies beyond that 
highest conception an unconceived ideal in the future to be 
attained, for we know not what we shall be ; when we 
have vainly sought to fathom the meaning of a promise 
that offers us all of the fullness of God, this Book declares 
to us that our God has for us in the future something more 
than we can as yet ask or even think; when the imagina- 
tion has wrought its highest conception of the possibilities 
of character, this Book still assures us that beyond what 
the eye has seen, beyond what the ear has heard, beyond 
what it has entered into the heart of man to conceive, are 



Talms for the Victors. 27 

the things which God hath prepared for those, who love 
Him. 

2. Mr. Abbot was not an intellectual opium-eater, to 
revel in the mere luxury of day-dreaming. His imagina- 
tion was that of an architect; what he saw, he endeavored 
to uprear. He believed in the possibility of realizing his 
ideals, and he sought to do so; and whatever he thus un- 
dertook, he pursued with a persistence of force and a pa- 
tience of spirit, that nothing could daunt, and only absolutely 
invincible obstacles could thwart. "The spirit in which 
he encountered obstacles," says one of his brothers in a 
note to me, " was not a belligerent or combative one, but 
a patient holding on, so to speak, till the difficulties in the 
way were removed by the action of Divine Providence, or 
by his own patient and steady pressure against them." 
This combination of persistence and patience is rare, and 
always accomplishes rare results. Persistent men are com- 
mon; strong in their own opinions; resolute; determined; 
going on their way like a locomotive on its track, butting 
against whatever stands across their pathway, and not in- 
frequently bringing themselves and their plans into irretriev- 
able ruin by the needless collision. Patient men there are 
too; despairingly patient; hopelessly patient; holding on 
to their thought long after they have abandoned all hope of 
realizing it. But to start for a promised land, to see the end 
from the beginning, to know that it is there, and then to 
find a whole generation unable to see beyond the horizon 
of the present wilderness, depressed to-day for lack of wa- 
ter and to-morrow by lack of food, unbelieving in God, 
unhopeful of the future, and looking ever longingly back 
to a past to which they can never return, and still patiently 
unmurmuringly, steadily to press forward toward the goal 
that no one else perceives, sustained by a faith and a hope 



28 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

which few or none else share; this requires a persistence 
and patience that, combined, amount to almost a moral 
genius. 

Such men, however cheerful, are always attuned to a 
minor key. The blindness of others, unable to see what 
they see, oppresses them. A sense of pity for souls that 
never look up to the cloud of glory that goes before, sad- 
dens them. They learn to be patient, because they are 
pitiful. You that can recall his face in its seasons of re- 
pose will remember, 1 am sure, the gentle, almost womanly 
sense of sorrow for humanity that was in it. You that 
knew him intimately will be able to recall the tones of 
pathos in which he so often said, sorrowfully for others 
who could not see what he thought he saw, and whose 
inertia was sometimes an invincible obstacle to the fulfill- 
ment of his cherished designs: "Well, Rebecca, you can't 
expect that they will understand it. We must wait; we 
must wait." 

3. The idealist is of all men the most miserable, if he 
have not to sustain him in the disappointments of this life, 
hope of a future glory and faith in a present grace. Of 
Mr. and Mrs. Abbot's Christian experience their pastor will 
speak from more intimate knowledge and with greater 
freedom, than I could do. Yet this brief analysis would be 
strangely inadequate, if I did not at least allude to their 
Christian faith as the foundation and the inspiration of 
their life-work. He believed that his mission was given 
him by his Master, and that in it he was doing, not his own, 
but his Father's will. He did not seek the living among the 
dead; he believed not merely in a Christ that died eighteen 
hundred years ago for the sins of the world, but also in a 
Christ, that liveth and reigneth now. His Saviour was 
neither a memory nor a hope, but a living reality; and not 



'Palms for the yictors. 29 

Moses in the mountain top, nor the disciples at Emmaus, 
nor Peter and John by the Sea of Galilee, were more as- 
sured of the personal presence of a helpful Lord, than was 
he cheered and sustained by daily intercourse with a risen 
and living Saviour. To him it was no vain promise: "Lo, 
I am with you, even unto the end of the world." To him 
there was no paradox in Christ's declaration: "It is expe- 
dient for you that I go away ; for if 1 go not away the Com- 
forter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send 
Him unto you." He believed it. Believed it? Hekfiezvt't. 

There is surely no greater success than that, which no 
disaster can destroy. That success Mr. and Mrs. Abbot 
achieved. They were rich in their poverty; they were 
happy in their sorrow; they were exultant in their dis- 
appointments. 

I wish I were a painter, and I would set before you a 
picture on which you could not look unmoved. Their last 
days were spent in a little cottage, a few miles out of Bos- 
ton. A few books, saved out of the large library which in 
his prosperity he had accumulated, constituted Mr. Abbot's 
almost sole companions. The study of the Bible was al- 
most his sole occupation. The broken hopes and shattered 
ambitions of his youth lay behind him. Without children, 
without wealth, without large fame, without wide in- 
fluence, without monumental suecess, with broken health — 
his hopes were never higher, his joy never deeper, his love 
never richer, his life never happier. For his hopes took 
hold of heaven; his joy had all its springs in God; and he, 
who had been loved in his prosperity for his own sake, was 
not forgotten by pupils or friends, in the days of seeming 
loneliness and adversity. I recall the last night I spent be- 
neath his roof. In the morning, after a simple breakfast, 
we sat down to family devotions. The open Bible it 



30 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

seemed impossible for him to close. The forenoon sped 
away in conversation, and in comparison of Scripture with 
Scripture. And when, all too soon, to his surprise and mine, 
the arrival of the carriage that was to take us to the station 
admonished us that it was noon, though he had not been 
out of the house before for a week, and though a misty 
rain was beginning to fall, he insisted, with that old-time 
courtesy so characteristic of him, on escorting my wife to 
the gateway, carrying her hand-bag for her; and to my ex- 
pressed fears lest the prolonged conversation should have 
wearied and injured him, Mrs. Abbot, with an April face, 
in which smiles and tears struggled for the mastery, and 
love shone through both, replied: " Lyman, youruncle has 
had no better medicine for many a day, than this morning's 
Christian conversation." And so we bade him Good-bye. 

Some of you will remember what a favorite with him 
was that peerless pictorial allegory. Cole's Voyage of Life. 
I have som.etimes thought it was because he unconsciously 
felt in it a prophecy of his own life: the babe coming out 
of the dark cavernous past, guided and guarded by the un- 
seen angel; the youth oblivious of his immediate surround- 
ings, and pressing forward, with his eager eye fixed upon 
a light air-castle, luminous before him; the man, daunt- 
less in the swift rapids bearing him resistlessly toward, 
he knows not what new dangers, yet unfearing, because his 
guardian angel is his God, and guides and will preserve him ; 
the old man, waiting on the smooth and open sea, life's 
perils past, till the heavens shall receive him to themselves. 
What matter then how battered and poor the hulk he leaves 
behind him ? In his life the Christian disciple fulfilled the 
prophecy of the Christian artist. 

God grant that we, disciples of our Lord, may so live, 
with hopes so high in our youth, with purposes so daunt- 



'Palms for the Victors. 31 

less in our manhood, that our old age shall be as serene, and 
our going home as peaceful, as was theirs, whose memory 
we, this day, cherish. 

ADDRESS BY REV. DR. PRENTISS, 

I have been desired to say a few words about our de- 
parted friends as their old pastor. They were members of 
the Mercer Street congregation when I took charge of it, 
more than five and twenty years ago. There, I first made 
their acquaintance. They both took a very deep interest in 
the formation of this church, and the name of Mrs. Abbot 
stands first on the roll of its original members. Their at- 
tachment to it grew tronger from year to year, and when 
they removed from th«. :ity, perhaps their sharpest trial was 
leaving the Church of the Covenant. They never referred 
to it and to the happy years passed in its fellowship with- 
out the tenderest emotion. Rarely have I seen a more 
striking manifestation of that affectionate, devoted church 
feeling, which seems to me one of the most beautiful traits 
of American piety. To how many thousands of Christian 
men, women and children, all over the land, is their old 
church, the local church, after the old home itself, still the 
dearest spot on earth, the shrine of their sweetest and 
holiest memories. It was so with our friends, Mr. and Mrs. 
Abbot. If what we do here is known and gives pleasure, 
as 1 cannot but think it does, to those in the better country, 
I am sure the holding of this memorial service in the church 
they so much loved, will render it doubly gratifying to the 
friends we commemorate. 

I certainly shall not add a word to what has been so well 
said respecting Dr. Abbot's aims and work as an educator. 
I will only say a few words about his Christian character. 
I had the opportunity during the later years of his life, of 



52 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

a somewhat intimate acquaintance with his religious history. 
There were some features of it which deeply interested me 
at the time, and have always interested me since, — features 
quite unknown, I imagine, to most of those, who had 
only casual intercourse with him. One of the best tests of 
a man's real quality is the impression made upon you by 
the thought of him after he has left the world — after the 
mere prejudices and prepossessions of the passing hour, 
whether for or against him, have died out, and no longer bias 
the judgment. There were two things about Mr. Abbot 
which made the deepest impression upon me, as his pastor 
and friend, while he lived, and they make even a deeper 
impression now, as I remember him. The first was his 
ardent and unwearied delight in studying the word of God. 
It was an absorbing passion. I have met with very few 
men in all my pastoral experience to whom it was so clear 
to me that the word of God, especially the New Testament, 
was an object of the deepest, most tender and reverential 
devotion. Just before coming to this service I took up a 
little volume, Bagster's beautiful edition of the Greek Tes- 
tament, with the English and the references, and I found 
Mr. Abbot's name in it, written very soon after 1 became 
pastor of the Mercer Street Church. It was the first gift he 
made me as his pastor. He could not have given a book 
more characteristic and more indicative of what 1 after- 
wards found to be a principal phase of his religious life and 
character. His Greek-English Testament was his vade 
mecum. He carried it about with him wherever he went, 
and studied it, as though it was every day a new revelation. 
He took infinite delight, as 1 know from his own lips, in the 
best part of it; for I think there are some parts of the New 
Testament that are richer, more spiritual, I may even say 
better, than others. The discourses of our Lord in the 



Talms for the l^iciors. 33 

fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth chapters 
of St. John's Gospel: these he knew by heart. All those 
passages which tell us that Christ is not a dead Saviour; 
that He is not buried away back eighteen hundred years 
ago in Judea; and that He is not merely a Saviour that is to 
come, whom by and by we are to see; but that He is a 
living Saviour, and, more than that, that He is not only liv- 
ing in heaven above us, but that He lives in the soul of 
every one of His true disciples, — all those passages which 
relate to these great central truths of the Christian life, were, 
as I know, especially dear to him. 

The second thing that impressed me, was his intense per- 
sonal love and devotion to the Saviour. During the later 
years of his life, especially, after its conflicts, mortifications 
and disappointments had brought him more fully in contact 
with the consoling truths of the Gospel, this feature was 
most marked. What more than anything else purged away 
his dross (for he had his weaknesses and faults and imper- 
fections, as we all have), brought out his faith in full tri- 
umph, and gave him victory and peace and joy in the midst 
of all the disasters of life of which we have heard, was 
the refining, uplifting power of his personal devotion to 
Christ as a living, ever-present Friend and Saviour. It was 
a real thing with him, just as real as your love to the dearest 
friend you have on earth. And put that sentiment into any 
human heart, I do not care whether it is the most cultivated 
men or woman in Christendom, or the most debased or 
savage in heathendom, — put real personal love to Jesus 
Christ, absolute devotion to Him as a Friend and Saviour, 
into any human soul, and it will purge away the dross; it 
will transfigure, illumine, deliver, and bless that soul! I 
recall expressions the most varied and emphatic of this 
feeling of Mr. Abbot towards the Saviour, uttered in the 



34 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

privacy of Christian talk and fellowship. I could not doubt 
that it was the ruling passion of his soul, A friend was 
speaking to him one day of the dangerous illness of a near 
relative, intimating that she might die in a few days. 
" Only to think," he remarked, "only to think of being 
with Christ in a few days ! I wish it were my own case ! " 
Some time before his death he transcribed and sent to the 
friend just referred to, two hymns as expressive of his own 
feelings. The first is entitled "The Communion of Saints." 
1 will read from it two stanzas:' 

" Would I could cling more closely to my Master; 
Would that in Him my sinking soul could rest; 
Would that each shipwrecked hope, each new disaster, 
Might drive me closer to my Saviour's breast. 

' Dr. Prentiss has taken the pains to send to the compiler the identical tran- 
script here alluded to. There are seven stanzas in all, those quoted in the 
address being the last two. The manuscript gives no hint of the authorship, 
nor can the hymn be found in any one of a dozen or more collections of re- 
ligious poetry. The first five stanzas are as follows, the close connection of 
the title being necessary to the sense of the opening line : 

THE COMMUNION OP SAINTS. 

" That source of purest pleasure! I am pining 
To drink more deeply of its limpid wave, 
To feel the silken bonds I know are twining 

Round all who recognize Christ's power to save. 

" I know there is a secret spiiit union, 

Linking the hearts of all who love the Lord; 
I long to realize that blest communion. 
Sweeter than aught else nature can afford. 

" From heart to heart the holy fire is leaping, 
He who is Love dwells with His people still, 
But each within himself the guest is keeping,, 
And the sealed lips control the secret thrill. 

" Why is it thus? At the same altar kneeling, 
Hoping to share a common home at last. 
One in our faith, to the same God appealing. 
Why is this chill reserve between us cast? 

" O there are times when, all its barriers breaking, 
My spirit claims communion with the rest. 
When to some new perception of its waking, 
It utters cries that cannot be repressed." 



Talms for the Victors. 35 

" Then, nevermore for earth's communion pining, 
Longing no more for human sympathy, 
Upon Thy arm my weary head reclining, 
Give me to find, O Christ, my all in Thee." 

The other is entitled " The Need of Jesus ; " " Unto you 
who believe He is precious." I will read the two closing 
verses :' 

" I need Thee, precious Jesus, I need Thee day by day, 
To fill me with Thy fullness; to lead me on my way. 
I need Thy Holy Spirit, to teach me what I am. 
To show me more of Jesus, to point me to the Lamb ! 

" I need Thee, precious Jesus, and hope to see Thee soon, 
Encircled with a rainbow, and seated on Thy throne; 
There with Thy blood-bought children my joy shall ever be 
To sing Thy praises, Jesus, to gaze, my Lord, on Thee." 

Oi Mrs. Abbot, who has just followed her beloved hus- 
band into the world of light, it is needless for me to utter 
many words. A character so pure, so simple, so translu- 
cent as hers, requires no description. Nature and grace con- 
spired to form her a most lovely Christian woman. What 
gentleness! What true-hearted kindness! What loving 



' The first four verses, reprinted from the same manuscript copy, are as fol- 
lows .• 

' ' I need Thee, precious Jesus, for I am full of sin, 
My soul is dark and guilty, my heart is dead within; 
I need the cleansing fountain, where 1 can always flee; 
The blood of Christ most precious, the sinner's perfect plea. 

" 1 need Thee, precious Jesus, for I am very poor; 
A stranger and a pilgrim, I have no earthly store; 
I need the love of Jesus, to cheer me on my way, 
To guide my doubting footsteps, to be my strength and stay. 

" I need Thee, precious Jesus, 1 need a friend like Thee, 
A friend to soothe and sympathize, a friend to care for me, 
I need the heart of Jesus, to feel each anxious care. 
To tell my every want, and all my sorrows share. 

" I need Thee, Precious Jesus, for I am very blind, 
A weak and foolish wanderer, with dark and evil mind; 
I need the light of Jesus, to tread the thorny road, 
To guide me safe to glory, where I shall see my God.'' 



36 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

patience I What sweet charity was hers I Many years ago 
(several years before I knew her) a great and withering 
affliction tinged her whole life with sadness; but it was a 
sadness which only endeared her the more to her friends, 
and added new depth and tenderness to the kindly affec- 
tions and sympathies of her nature. 

What pleasant grateful memories does the thought of her 
revive in the hearts of hundreds of old pupils, scattered far 
and wide over our land and in distant lands. I am sure 
these memories will be fresh and fragrant as long as her 
old pupils live, — fresh and fragrant in our hearts, too. as 
long as we shall live. 

We call this a memorial service. But in truth it is rather 
a service of hope, than of memory. It carries our thoughts 
upward and onward into the blessed and eternal future, 
rather than back into the vanished past. Our dear friends, 
with whom we have parted company on these mortal 
shores, have rejoined each other and their beloved one that 
went before, in the 

" Sweet fields beyond the swelling flood,'' 

and there entered upon a nobler life — even the life ever- 
lasting — in the presence of their God and Redeemer! 

Let us follow that same divine Master with careful and 
diligent footsteps ; and in due time, dear friends, we also 
shall have crossed the flood, and find ourselves in the pres- 
ence of that beatific vision. How many, many memories, 
sweet, precious memories, come thronging upon m.y mind 
as I stand here, and cast my eye where these two dear 
friends and other friends, both theirs and mine, used to sit 
and feed upon the Bread of Life. To us, who are growing 
old. who are far along in life, how large a majority of those 
we used to love, seem to be on the other side of the river I 



Talms for the Victors. yj 

How fast the ranks are thinning! Well, blessed be God 
that it is so I Heaven is better than earth. This is not our 
rest. We are pilgrims and strangers here, as all our fathers 
were. Let us confess it, and so press on with renewed 
zeal toward the City which hath foundations, whose builder 
and maker is God. "Therefore, my beloved brethren, be 
ye steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of 
the Lord, forasmuch, as ye know that your labor is not in 
vain in the Lord." 

IIL 

APPRECIATIONS. 

Below are appended extracts from some of the many 
tributary notices of Mr. and Mrs. Abbot which appeared 
subsequently to their deaths. They form a proper part of 
the biographic record, and possess an interest for most of 
those, into whose hands this little volume will fall. 

[From the Report of the Commissioner of Education for 1874.] 

Dr. Abbot .... enjoyed high reputation as a classical and Biblical 
scholar, as a student of general literature, and as an almost unequalled head 
of an Institution for the training of the young. 



[From the Boston Daily Advertiser.] 

An enthusiast in his profession, Dr. Abbot was likewise a fine scholar, was 
especially versed in Biblical literature, and was the author of a History of 

Mexico and other works His death .... will be noted with true 

sorrow by a very large circle of friends and acquaintances, both in this coun- 
try and abroad. The name of his pupils merely is legion, while his useful 
life has laid many departments of true progress under lasting obligation. 



[From the Independent.] 

A circle of brothers, eminent alike for services to literature and religion, was 
broken by the death in Natick, Mass., on the 3d of this month, of Dr. Gor- 

ham D. Abbot Dr. Abbot was the younger brother of Jacob Abbott 

and Rev. John S. C. Abbott ; but adopted what he considered the original 
spelling of the name. His serxices to education will preserve his name in 



3S The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

many homes, and by his friends he will be remembered as a man of unusual 
geniality and purity of character, to meet whom was to win a place in every- 
body's esteem. Toward the close of his life he took especial pleasure in 
Biblical studies, and our readers \\n\\ remember that his last interesting and 
able communication to this journal was on a branch of this subject. 



[From the Providence Journal.] 

The death of Rev. Gorham D. Abbot, which took place at his home in 
South Xatick, Mass., on the 3d inst., is announced in numerous journals 
with a respectful notice of his useful and honorable life. Though an honored 
clerg^'man, he did more as an educator of youth, and as a literary man, to 
hand his name down to posterity. As the founder and proprietor of the 
Spingler Institute in New York Citj', he WTOught a work whose influence for 
good extended to hundreds of homes, and is still remembered with sentiments 
of gratitude by numerous accomplished ladies in different parts of our countrj'. 
As an author he ranks with his brothers Jacob and John S. C. , whose works for 
juvenile readers are so well appreciated on both sides of the ocean. He was 
66 years old. and his remains are deposited by the side of a lamented child in 
Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, N. Y. Mrs. Abbot, an accomplished 
Christian lady, respected and beloved by all her acquaintances, survives him. 



[From the Ne-.v York Obser\'er.] 

He was distinguished in a fam.ily marked by genius, learning, and great 
success in the departments of education and religious literature Dur- 
ing his years of educational labor, his Institution had the highest reputation, 
and hundreds of the most highly accomplished ladies of our countn,' received 
their culture under his care. He frequently visited Europe, and with un- 
bounded liberality endowed his schools with every facility of improvement 
that the world would afford. He was deeply interested in Bible study, in- 
troducing into this countrj' an edition of the Annotated Paragraph Bible, and 
seeking to cultivate a taste for its thorough research. Dr. Abbot leaves no 
children, his only child, a lovely daughter nine years old, being killed by a 
distressing accident in 1850. .Mrs. .^bbot, who survives him, is greatly en- 
deared to all the pupils who have enjoyed her maternal care, and to a large 
circle of sympathizing friends. 



[From the Natick Bulletin.] 
In Memoriam. — Died in Fairhaven, Conn., March 29, at the residence of 
Rev. j. S. C. .Abbott, Mrs. Rebecca S. Abbot, wife of the late Rev. Gorham 
D. Abbot, of South N'atick. 



'Palms for the Victors. 39 

When the intelligence was borne to us that our lifelong friend had departed 
this life, in the midst of our sorrow there came no questioning where is now 
her home, or whither has she gone ? We had marked her earlier and latei 
years. After receiving a thorough English education in one of the best 
schools of that period, she commenced the profession of teaching. Here she 
became allied by marriage with Rev. G. D. Abbot, and thus became con- 
nected with the family whose well-known celebrity in literary, social and 
spiritual life was a model for her imitation. For many years she was the de- 
voted , faithful helper of her husband, who was at the head of a flourishing 
and successful school for young ladies in New York City until the Rebellion 
broke out, and scattered its members. The influence of the training here 
received, has undoubtedly made many women of rare accomplishments and 
distinguished worth. 

But shadows fell upon their prosperous pathway. The death of their only 
child by a fatal accident, was a severe blow ; and though it seamed the coun- 
tenance, yet it imparted a calm serenity, and made high spiritual aims more 
than ever the object of their constant endeavor. Again, an eclipse fell upon 
their financial schemes of doing good with their accumulations, and they 
were called to pass through a bitter and unexpected trial. 

But who ever heard a murmur from their lips? The expression of features 
betokened inward conflict, but the angelic sweetness would soon become so 
radiant, that we could read the triumph of faith that had completely gained 
the ascendency, so that outward losses could not crush the spirit, but the 
tone of submission was accompanied by the words, " God doeth all things 
well." 

Mrs. Abbot was a rare example of self-sacrifice. Had her husband to seek 
restoring influences from a foreign voyage, how well she filled the gap in his 
absence ! Were an act of kindness to be done, how cheerfully self was sur- 
rendered that she might perform it ! In the home of the grief-stricken how 
readily she applied consoling words, when her own heart was crushed by 
trials. 

And now with a sorrowing heart we bid thee our earthly farewell, feeling 
assured that the plaudit of thy Master has been given thee for faithful service, 
and reunited to the beloved ones who preceded but a little space, we leave 
thee safely anchored into thy heavenly rest. Com. 



CHAPTER THIRD. 

FROM SCHOOL TO COLLEGE. 
"THE SPINGLER." 




F all moral forces in a community none presents 
stronger appeal to thoughtful men and women 
than its institutions of learning. 

In a school of such prominence as "The 
Spingler," once so noted a feature of educational life in New 
York City, it is especially interesting to trace the rise and 
development both of its theories and achievements. More 
than half a century has elapsed since its corner-stone was 
laid, the buildings where its greatest triumphs were won 
have given place to other structures, but its spirit still lives, 
as a vitalizing force, through a re-incarnation of its ideals — 
in the modern college and school life. 

In the first catalogue published by Dr. Abbot after the 
opening of his Seminary in University Place, bearing date 
of 1847, he announces his purpose, a purpose which runs 
through all his career as a public teacher and leader. 

"The course of study pursued in this Institution is 
planned with special reference to a solid, substantial and 
thorough education." 

" Everything that can give refinement or dignity or grace 
to the mind or to the manners should be symmetrically 
blended in the education of a young lady." 

" It is not so much the object of education to acquire a 
given amount of knowledge in a given time as to bring out 
and strengthen and discipline all these powers in symmetry 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 







ABBOT COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE. 
"The Spingler" 



"The Spingler." 41 

and beauty, so that the whole of future existence shall be 
marked by continued and endless accessions in knowledge 
and virtue. While, therefore, all diligence should be used 
in laying up stores of knowledge, the great end of securing 
mental development, discipline and strength should ever be 
kept in view." 

Principles such as these translated into deeds of commen- 
surate value led to the erection of the famous building on 
Union Square. 

The New York Tribune of March 28, 1848 gives the fol- 
lowing account of the laying of its corner stone : 

" In a brief address Mr. Abbot explained the purposes of 
the Institution as follows : to elevate the character of fe- 
male education, to lay the foundation of an Institution that 
shall afford to the daughters of our country privileges su- 
perior to what they have generally enjoyed, and which 
shall more nearly correspond to those offered by our Col- 
leges to the sons of America." Mr. Abbot said, " We 
have between one and two hundred colleges in our country . 
but where is the Yale, or Harvard, or Princeton for the 
education of females." 

In the prospectus for Spingler Institute issued September, 
1848, Dr. Abbot has the following announcement : 

" The Collegiate Institution for the education of Young 
Ladies will resume its autumn session Wednesday, Septem- 
ber 13, in The Spingler Institute, Union Park, the new 
edifice erected for it by the family of the late Henry 
Spingler, Esq. This new edifice supplies ample accommo- 
dations adapted to the purposes of education. The loca- 
tion cannot be surpassed in our city for convenience, beauty, 
and purity of air. It faces our most alluring Park and 
Fountain. The building itself is an ornament to the Park. 
It is 75 feet by 70, presenting a chaste and beautiful brown 



42 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

stone front of four stories, in Corinthian style, and con- 
tains a full complement of rooms for all purposes of study, 
recitation and instruction; an excellent Lecture Hall, with 
an adjoining Laboratory, and a suite of apartments for Li- 
brary, Cabinets of specimens in Natural Sciences, and Phi- 
losophical Apparatus. Every provision is made in this 
building at an expense of sixty or seventy thousand dollars 
to increase the facilities of education." 

The end of the courses of study is stat ed as " Character." 
" That education is the best, which is most successful in 
forming a character prepared for duty and happiness in the 
life that now is and in that which is to come." 

A catalogue of 1853 states that " the Institution is sup- 
plied by several thousand dollars worth of new and beauti- 
ful apparatus, unsurpassed by that of any other institution 
of our country. The Library contains about two thousand 
volumes of the most valuable books of reference. A 
cabinet of minerals and of shells, together with a good 
collection of maps, charts and models, make up a fair com- 
plement of educational aids." 

Besides its material equipment, the studies pursued in 
the Collegiate Department of " The Spingler " corresponded 
in nearly all particulars with the courses of instruction 
offered by Yale College to its students. 

The Faculty of Teachers and Lecturers was large, and 
numbered men and women eminent in their profession, 
whose ability was only measured by their generosity in 
service for their pupils. Doubtless much of the success of 
the school was due to Dr. and Mrs. Abbot's happy faculty 
of associating with themselves instructors of kindred aims 
who sought in all their work to realize the Spingler ideals. 

The following announcements of a few of the numerous 
Lecture Courses, copied from The New York Observer, 



"The Spingler." 43 

preserve the names of the distinguished men who appeared 
in the Spingler Chapel from time to time and cannot fail to 
revive memories of their lectures : 

FALL ANNOUNCEMENT. 
Lectures for Ladies at the Spisgler Institute. 

First Course. — By Prof Henr>' B. Smith, D. D., of the Union Theological 
Seminary, Wednesdays at one o'clock, commencing October fifth, on Moral 
Philosophy — comprising the following topics : Man as a Moral Agent: Liberty 
and Necessity with the various Theories ; Conscience and its Functions; The 
idea of Right; The Different Theories of the Nature of Virtue; Personal and 
Social Duties and Rights; Political Duties and Rights, including the Rights of 
Women; Duties to God; The Harmony and Difference of Natural and 
Christian Ethics, and the Christian Virtues. 
Second Course — The Evidences of Christianity: 

1. Nature and Outline of the Argument; Possibility and Need of a Reve- 
lation. 

2. Historical Proof — Life and character of Christ ; the Apostles and their 
Testimony; the Testimony of Prophecy; of Miracles; of the Scriptures and 
their Inspiration. 

3. Philosophical Proof— Christianity the Perfect Religion ; Christianity su- 
perior to Philosophy ; Christianity the Centre of History. 

Third Course — ^4 esthetics: 

The Beautiful in distinction from other ideas; The Different Theories: of 
Imagination, Genius and Taste; the Artist; the Different Forms and Laws of 
the Beautiful : Oriental, Classic, and Christian Art; the Beautiful in Art; 
Architecture; Sculpture; Painting; Music: Poetry, Lyric, Epic and Dramatic; 
the Beautiful in Relation to Culture, Morals, and Religion. 
Historical Lectures: 

By Prof Roswell D. Hitchcock, D.D., of the Union Theological Seminarys 
on Tuesdays and Thursdays at one o'clock, commencing October 26, on 
The General History of the IVorld before Christ, paving the way for 
Christianity, embracing: i. The Preparation of the Theatre of this History. 
2. How it was Peopled. 3. The Catastrophe that befell it. 4. The Several 
Races of .Men. 5. The Hebrew Nation in the several distinct Stadia of their 
Histor}'. 6. The Grand Historic Civilizations and Empires, such as the Egyp- 
tian, Assyrian, Greek and Roman which conditioned the Hebrew develop- 
ment and prepared the way for Christ. 



44 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

By Prof. Howard Crosby, of the New York University^ The Historv of 
Greece and Us relative position in the IVorld^s History, its heroes, states- 
men, historians, philosophers, poets and monuments of art ; the influence of 
Greece on the Roman Empire. 

By Prof. Vincenzo Botta, Ph.D., of the New York University, on Italy 
and the Teaman Empire, including a Survey of the various Causes and Ef- 
fects of Italian Civilization. 

If we add to these the Lectures on Chemistry, illustrated 
with elaborate experiments, by Prof. Benjamin Silliman, Jr., 
of Yale College, and Professor Loomis' lectures on Natural 
Philosophy; Prof. George W. Greene's lectures on English 
Literature; Prof. Elie Charlier's French Course, embracing 
such topics as Madame de Stael, Chateaubriand, Emile de 
Girardin, Beranger, or Prof. Peaslee's series on the Physiology 
of the Human Body, and the wide range of subjects thus pre- 
sented by specialists, gives a vivid impression of the op- 
portunities found in The Spingler Institute. 

In addition to the severer studies Dr. Abbot made much 
of Music and Art in his educational scheme. Vocal 
Music entered largely into all departments of the school 
life. The Chapel and the Halls were hung with exquisite 
paintings, to familiarize the mind with objects of Art and 
to cultivate the taste. -^loice collections of copies of 
masterpieces by the eminent Roman copyist. Chevalier 
Chatalaine, were purchased abroad at a large cost, and made a 
picture gallery, which was open to all students. One other 
feature of life at " The Spingler" should be stated in Dr. 
Abbot's own words: " The endeavor is made to have the 
pleasant memories and attachments which make, in after 
years, a brother's Alma Mater so dear to his heart, cluster 
around the sister's educational course. This element among 
the influences of education, and as a preparation for life, is 
as important for her as for him." 




THE ABBOT COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 
Known as "Upper Spingler,"' corner of Fifth Avenue and Thirty-fourth Street, New York. 



"The Spingler." 45 

The hundreds of Alumnae in this and other lands, who 
after a generation, "rise up to call" their instructors 
"blessed," afford evidence of how entirely Dr. Abbot suc- 
ceeded in his endeavor. 

The growth of the Spinglerled Mr. Abbot to purchase as 
the basis for his long cherished plan of a university the 
celebrated Townsend mansion, corner of Fifth Avenue and 
Thirty-fourth Street, a situation remarkable at the time for 
its beauty and healthfulness. 

From The Tribune of August 19, i860, we glean the fol- 
lowing description of the house: 

" The edifice is entirely of brown stone four stories in height; and sur- 
rounded by open and handsomely laid out gardens. A large double stoop 
and portico, supported by fluted Corinthian columns forms the entrance. 

On passing inward we are at once struck by the great size of the entrance 
hall, which extends from the first floor to the roof, with an arched ceiling, 
beautifully ornamented in blue and gold. The hall is surrounded on each 
story with corridors supported by columns, and presents an imposing ap- 
pearance. 

On the left of the entrance is the main drawing-room, about twenty-three 
feet by eighty, whose frescoes and ornamentations present a rare combination 
of harmonious and blended coloring. In the rear of the drawing-room, is 
the dining-room, which leads to the conservatories beyond, and is richly 
ornamented by stained glass. 

To the right of the entrance is the library, and adjoining a small but unique 
apartment called the ' Pompeii Room,' which is a fac simile in size and 
frescoes, of a room in the exhumed City of Pompeii. 

Beyond this is the gallery of paintings, filled with some of the choicest 
works of art to be found in this city. 

The other floors are reached by a winding staircase of remarkable beauty 
and graceful design. The second story is occupied with suites of rooms 
opening upon the corridor, and the third and fourth stories are assigned to 
the ordinary purposes of domestic apartments.'' 

The cost of the building and its equipment represent an 
investment of over $250,000. 



46 The Abbot Memorial ^ook. 

With reference to this undertaking Dr. Abbot says: " It 
is believed there is not in the world at this day, an Institution 
for the education of daughters with a library of ten thou- 
sand volumes, a telescope worth five thousand dollars, and 
corresponding appointments in apparatus, cabinets, and 
works of art, that would be deemed indispensable in a col- 
lege for sons." 

" This enterprise was undertaken and has been prosecuted 
with the full conviction that the establishment and endow- 
ment in our great metropolis, of an Institution worthy of 
such an object, would be followed by similar movements 
in every city and State of the Union, and that ultimately a 
great change would be effected in the public estimate of 
the provisions which should be made for the education of 
daughters." 

Do not the Colleges that now appear throughout the land 
for " the education of daughters " fulfil not only the pro- 
phetic vision, but the life purpose of this grand pioneer 
who dared all and gave all of money, experience and pro- 
fessional skill to establish a College for woman. 

In seeking to realize his purpose Dr. Abbot fully recog- 
nized the fact that no individual without large means could 
unaided and alone, place such an undertaking as the found- 
ation of a University on a solid financial basis. Hence he 
sought the advice of prominent business men of New 
York, and secured the co-operation of some, in the forma- 
tion of a joint stock company in whose hands the business 
management was to be vested, while he was to direct the 
educational work of the new college in accordance with 
his own methods and principles. 

Dr. Abbot's private investments and resources, with the 
large available income from the school, were deeded to the 
Trustees for the purposes of the Institution and every pro- 



' ' The Spingler. ' ' 47 

vision that human foresight and generous self-sacrifice 
could suggest was made to secure permanence and success 
to the enterprise. The charter indicates the scope of the 
plan. 

CHARTER. 

An Act to incorporate " The University for Young Ladies, 
in the City of New York," 

Section i. Rev. Gardiner Spring, D.D., Rev. Stephen H. 
Tyng, D.D., Rev. Thomas H. Skinner, D.D., Rev. M. S. 
Hutton, D.D., Rev. Wm. Hague, D.D., Rev. Henry B. 
Smith, D.D., Rt. Rev. Edmund S. James, D.D., Rev. Geo. 
L. Prentiss, D.D., Rev. S. Irenaeus Prime, D.D., Rev. Sam'l 
Cooke, D.D., Hon. James W. Beekman, A. R. Wetmore, 
Esq., Dr. Gurdon Buck, Dr. Edmund R. Peaslee, Wm. C. 
Noyes, Esq., Rev. Walter A. Bidwell, Wm. E. Dodge, 
Esq., Marshall 0. Roberts, Esq., Chas. Abernethy, Esq., 
James Stokes, Esq., Benj. F. Manniere, Esq., Geo. W. 
Lane, Esq., Dr. Willard Parker, Thomas Denny, Esq., are 
hereby constituted a body corporate by the name of "The 
University for Young Ladies in the City of New York." 
By that name the said corporation shall have power to fill 
vacancies as they may occur from time to time in their 
board, to sue and be sued, to contract and be contracted 
with, to make and use a common seal and to alter the same 
at pleasure, to purchase, take and hold, by gift, grant or 
devise, and to dispose of any real and personal property, 
the yearly income or revenue of which shall not exceed the 
value of 40,000 dollars. 

2. The object and purpose of said corporation are hereby 
declared to be to promote the education of young women 
in literature, science and the arts. 

}. The University may grant to students under its charge 



48 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

diplomas or honorary testimonals, in such form as it may 
designate. It may also grant and confer such honors, de- 
grees and diplomas as are granted by any university, college 
or seminary of learning in the United States. 

4. Diplomas granted by the University shall entitle the 
possessors to the immunities and privileges allowed by 
usage or statute to the possessors of like diplomas from any 
university, college or seminary of learning in this State. 

5. The persons named in the first section of this act shall 
be the first trustees of the said corporation. The president 
of the university while holding office, shall be a member of 
the board of trustees. 

6. Seven trustees shall be a quorum for the transaction of 
business. The trustees may declare dividends on said 
stock, payable out of the net savings of said institution, 
not exceeding seven per cent, per annum. 

7. The corporation shall have all such powers, and be 
subject to such duties and liabilities as are applicable to col- 
leges, and are specified or contained in the second and fifth 
articles of the first title of the 15th chapter of the first 
part of the revised statutes, and in title third, chapter 18 of 
the same part of the revised statutes, except so far as the 
same are inconsistent with the provisions of this act. 

8. This act shall take effect immediately. 

The religious and secular press gave liberal mention to 
this unique educational movement. 

An appreciative article in The New York Observer, makes 
the following statement: 

"The Rev. Gorham D. Abbot has made greater exertions in the cause of 
female education than almost any other man in this city, and his labors have 
been crowned with distinguished success. ' The Spingler Institute ' on Union 
Square is a creation of his own, an ornament, and a blessing to the city, 
while it reflects the highest credit on its founder. But not satisfied with what 



' ' The Spingler. ' ' 49 

he has already done, he has now embarked in an enterprise of such com- 
manding magnitude and importance as to surpass any similar private under- 
taking within our knowjedge." 

The Nevj York Evening Tost also, in commenting upon 
"the new piiase in the career of The Spingler," adds : 

•' Our readers will remember the excitement that marked the completion ot 
the Townsend Mansion, and its public exhibition, two or three years ago. 
We think it a more important announcement that the Abbot Collegiate In- 
stitute by the enterprise of its principal has come into the possession of this 
remarkable private palace. No building on the island is more easily suscepti- 
ble of metamorphosis from a dwelling to a College." 

A quotation from the Boston Post is also of interest in 
this connection, as showing public opinion outside of New 
York: 

•'There is reason to believe that the provisions for education in every de- 
partment of The Spingler are commensurate with the idea of a proper Uni- 
versity for woman. The well-known reputation of ' The Spingler ' for 
sound, solid, conservative improvement may be accepted as some guarantee 
that the work will be carried forward to perfection." 

That this would have been accomplished no one who 
knew Dr. Abbot's purpose could doubt, had not National 
calamity combined with private misfortune, to prevent the 
consummation of his hope as it approached fruition. 

The apparent surrender of the enterprise was due to cir- 
cumstances which no human forethought could have 
anticipated. 

When the great teacher could no longer place his College 
on a firm foundation, his planswere deeded to Mr. Matthew 
Vassar. At this time Mrs. Alma E. Curtis, now Mrs. 
Howes, was acting as Secretary for Dr. Abbott, and she 
writes with reference to the facts : 

"I well remember Mr. Vassar's frequent visits and the 
long talks in the study. For years Mr. Abbot had had in 
mind to establish a College for girls that should be as well en- 



50 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

dowed as those for boys, and had drawn plans for all details, 
which he gave to Mr, Vassar, saying : ' Means for which I 
have been laboring for this object are gone ; with them health 
and spirits for the undertaking, You, Mr. Vassar, have 
both. Take all my plans and good will for your success.' 

' And you will give me this good lady to ensure the suc- 
cess of the plans.?' inquired Mr. Vassar. 

' No, I cannot do that, ' was the quick reply. ' She belongs 
to the school.' 

So the University was merged in Vassar College, and the 
school went on its way, fulfilling its ideals," 

Later when it removed to the " Suydam House," the fol- 
lowing notice appeared in The U^ew York Evangelist: 

'' It will be gratifying news to many friends that this excellent Institution 
has re-opened in a very advantageous location and with the best prospects. 
Dr. Abbot has taken the large house of Mr. James Suydam, at the corner o 
Thirty-eighth Street and Park Avenue. It is a spacious mansion and stands 
on the very crown of Murray Hill, from which it commands a view of al- 
most the whole island. We trust in its new position it may have a long 
and prosperous career. 

When at last Dr. Abbot laid down his work it was with 
the purpose of taking it up again. 

He writes in a private note, dated August 9, 1866: 

" Circumstances make it desirable for me to have a year 
of respite before making further efforts to accomplish the 
object to which we have devoted the best portion of our 
hves. 1 have toiled unceasingly during the last five and 
twenty years. I hope later to be able to resume our life- 
work under more propitious auspices and with fair prospects 
for accomplishing that which we have toiled for so long." 

Brave heart with the unconquerable hope! He ^a5 "re- 
sumed" his "life work," at last, in the College he helped 
to create, under the "auspices " of the students he trained 
in "The Spingler" and Abbot Institutes! 



Ti^E: 



NEW 



^OHK 



''"^^'ciisum 



"^J^^'^umm. 



Tiioi 



K f, 



■■^^^tm. 




THE ABBOT COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 
"The Snydam House," corner of Park Avenue and Thirty-eighth Street, New York. 




CHAPTER FOURTH. 

REMINISCENCES. 
BY MISS MARIA P. OILMAN. 

iJY first acquaintance with the school was in 
University Place, not long after Mr. Gorham 
Abbot had withdrawn from the school con- 
ducted by the Abbott Brothers in Houston 
Street, perhaps for want of more room. He had taken with 
him the Senior class, and, 1 think, Miss Eliza Flint, one of 
the teachers. Gradually he added younger classes, and the 
house No. 15 University Place, a broad and spacious dwell- 
ing house, became inadequate to the needs of the growing 
school. Already Mr. Abbot's mind was full of plans for 
the higher education of the girls, for giving young ladies 
the same advantages with their brothers in college, and he 
was trying to enlist men and women of means to help him 
carry out these ideas. He succeeded in interesting the 
Spingler family and this led to the erection of the house on 
Union Square, the removal of the school and the name of 
Spingler Institute. The corner stone of that building was 
laid with religious services, as if it had been a church — and 
it was truly, in Mr. Abbot's heart, dedicated to the service 
of God. 

Let me go back to University Place, for I think there are 
few persons living who remember those early days. I 
wanted to be a teacher but I had had no experience and no 
training. Mr. Abbot received me most kindly, gave me all 
the privileges of the Senior class, and allowed me to teach 
some small classes. The intellectual stimulus of the school 



52 



The Abbot Memorial "Book. 



was delightful, The Seniors gathered round a long table in 
the back parlor, and there Mr. Abbot led the morning devo- 
tions and guided us through Upham's Mental Science (then 
a favorite book with him) and other studies which we con- 
sidered advanced. There the lectures on English Literature 
were given by Dr. Cheever (with frequent mention of his 
beloved Pilgrim's Progress), by Dr. Baird on the Crowned 
Heads of Europe (with whom he seemed to be on terms of 
personal intimacy), by Dr. Prime on Hymnology, and occa- 
sionally other eminent lecturers. The Bible lessons on 
Monday morning were very important. Mr. Abbot de- 
manded much writing of notes, abstracts, analyses and 
tables, whatever was the subject of study. 

This comes back to me as a most interesting period of 
my life and I am deeply grateful for what I there gained. 
It was all delightful while I was only an assistant pupil — 
but the next year I was put in charge for a little while of 
the Primary Department, and afterwards of the Intermediate 
and I was not a success ! The teaching was not difficult, 
but the discipline was dreadful! I did not know what to do 
with naughty girls, and they soon found out my weak 
points. If any of them are living, I humbly crave their 
forgiveness for my many mistakes! This was all before the 
removal to the new Spingler. I cannot remember any 
naughty girls or any troublesome discipline after that. 

As I look back after these many years, certain features of 
the school seem to me noteworthy. First and most im- 
portant is the moral and religious character of the school. 
The highest ideals were set before the pupils, but only the 
most worthy motives were urged upon them. Very little 
was done in the way of exhibitions — nothing in prizes. 
There was a regular curriculum of study — examinations were 
rather of the nature of reviews than a test of scholarship. 



Reminiscences. 53 

Who can forget Mr. Abbot's little talks in the Chapel at 
the opening of school every morning? They gave tone 
to the whole day, and were always practical and pointed. 
His text was often from the Book of Proverbs, and it was 
surprising to see how it fitted the circumstances of modern 
school girl life. 

" It is not good to eat much honey," Sec, one time when 
Mr. Abbot had reason to think some girls were living on 
praise. 

" Fret not thyself because of evil doers." I took that to 
myself when I was miserable over some one's misdeeds. 
Then there was the famous verse about the froward person 
" who winketh with his eye, speaketh with his feet, maketh 
signs with his fingers," Sec, a commentary on the "No 
communications " rule. I believe some of the scholars 
thought Mr. Abbot made up the text to fit the sermon. 

Mr. Abbot was discerning of character. He could look 
below the surface, and was always willing to believe the 
best and to give an erring one another chance. His direct 
personal influence on individuals was remarkable, and in 
this he was equalled — perhaps excelled by Mrs. Abbot, 
who was so gentle and so strong, so firm and so tender! 
I think of her as 

A perfect woman, nobly planned, 
To warn, to comfort, and command. 

Mr. Abbot was most successful in enlisting superior 
men as instructors and lecturers. In this he was far in ad- 
vance of other schools. Where else were the very same long 
courses of lectures given in a girls' school that were given 
in the Union Theological Seminary, New York University, 
and Yale College ? The courses on Psychology and Meta- 
physics by Prof. Henry B. Smith, and on Bible History by 
Prof. R. W. Hitchcock, were of inestimable value. And 



54 The Abbot Memorial ^ook. 

for instructors, coming daily, not merely occasionally, there 
were such men of broad and varied culture as Professors 
Irving, Greene, Means, not to speak of others, some of 
whom are still living. 

To estimate fairly this school it should be compared not 
with the schools and colleges for women to-day, but with 
what existed in New York City before 1850. Good 
schools there were before, conducted by able teachers, and 
noble women were trained in them, but there surely was a 
great advance about the middle of the last century, and 
in the forward movement Gorham D. Abbot was a pioneer 
— all honor to his memory ! 



CHAPTER FIFTH. 

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF SPINGLER. 

LECTURERS AND INSTRUCTORS 

AT THE SPINGLER AND ABBOT COLLEGIATE INSTITUTES. 



Rev. Gorham D. Abbot, LL.D., 

Mental and Moral Philosophy, Languages, Evidences of Christianity, 
the Bible, etc. 

Miss Eliza H. Flint, Miss Maria P. Gilman, 

Miss Lucy Garfield, Miss Caroline M. Bulkley, 

Mathematics, English Literature, Composition. 

Prof. George F. Root, 

Music as a Science and as an Art. 

Prof. Gustave Choquet, Miss Elise Braderhouse, 

French Language and Literature. 

Prof. Thomas S. Cummings, 

Linear and Perspective Drawing, assisted by his daughters, 

Miss Rebecca Cummings, Miss Jane Cummings. 
Rev. George B. Cheever, D.D., 

Lecturer on English Literature. 

Rev. Robert Baird, D.D., 

Lecturer on Modem Europe. 

Mrs. Mary D. Woodbury, Miss Harriet L. Gilman, 

Primary Department. 

Mrs. Alma E. Curtis. 

Governess, 



^6 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

Mr. E. Towner Root, Miss Helen Root, 

Miss Elizabetii C. Belcher, 

Music as a Science and as an Art. 

Prof. Frederick W. Schack, 

Piano-forte. 

Prof. Jean Baptiste Kestler, Mile. Elise Fleurot, 

Mile. Eugenie Dumaux, 

French Language and Literature. 

Mr. A. H. Wheeler, 

Writing. 

Rev. John Lord, D.D., 

Lecturer on History. 

Prof. Benjamin Silliman, Jr., 

Lecturer on Chemistry. 

Rev. Samuel I. Prime, D.D., 

Lecturer on Poetry. 

Dr. T. S. Lambert, 

Lecturer on Physiology. 

Dr. H. Goadby, 
Entomologist. 

Prof. Alex. Villeplait, Mile. Louise Martin, 

Mme. C. E. Gouye, Prof. Jean Roemer, 

French Language and Literature. 

Prof. Secchi de Casali, 

Italian Language and Literature. 

Mr. Isaac H. Brayton, Mr. Cyprian Wilcox, 

Latin Language. 

Miss Lucy A. Lerned, 

English Branches. 

Prof. George Earl, 
Drawing. 



Tbe Go/den "Book of Spingler. 57 

Mme. Beaujeu Hawley, 
Calisthenics. 

Prof. Elias Loomis, 

Lecturer on Natural Philosophy. 

Prof. Lasell, Prof. Addison B. Atkins, 

Latin Language. 

Mons. D. Cherbuliez, Mile. E. De Veer, 

Mile. Louise F. Rostan, 

French Language and Literature. 

Mr. Richard Storrs Willis, 

Class Singing. 

Prof. Edward Howe, Jr., 

Piano-forte. 

Prof. Thomas H. Williams, 

Harpist. 

Prof. James, A. Cleveland, Mile. Des Portes, 

Drawing and Painting. 

Miss Harriet L. Oilman, Miss Phoebe Anna Baker, 

English Branches. 

Miss Sophia M. Congdon, 

Calisthenics. 

Theodore Irving, LL.D., 

Prof, of History and English Literature, 

Prof. Arnold Guyot, 

Lecturer on Geology, Geography and History. 

Rev. Dr. Davidson, 

Lecturer on the Study of History. 

Prof. Theron H. Hawkes, 

Belles-lettres and Mathematics. 

Prof. James Hyatt, 

Lecturer on Natural Science, Chemistry, Botany, Astronomy, etc. 



58 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

Miss Laura F. Jackson, Miss Ellen Oilman, 

Miss Abby G. Hoadley, Miss Mary K. Flint, 

English Branches and Mathematics. 

Mile. Claire Eugenie Subit, Mile. Anna Elleau, 

M. Francisco Martinelli, 

French Language and Literature. 
Mme. Marencelli, Mme. Davis, 

Music as a Science and as an Art. 

Prof. William lucho, Prof. H. C. Timm, 

Dr. Auguste Stoepel, Prof. William Meyer, 

Piano-forte. 

Rev. James Means, 

Prof, of History and English Literature. 

Miss Sarah E. Workman, 

Primary Department. 

Prof. Daniel C. Oilman, 

Lecturer on use of the Library, the Bible. 

Rev. John S. C. Abbott, 

Lecturer on French History. 

Mr. J. C. Cady, 

Vocal Music. 

Mr. C. Crozat Converse, 

Piano-forte. 

Prof. Henry B. Smith, D.D., 

Lecturer on Mental and Moral Philosophy, The Evidences of Christianity, 
Philosophy of History and Aesthetics. 

Prof. George W. Greene, 

Lecturer on History and English Literature. 

Rev. A. R. Wolfe, 
Mental and Moral Science, Languages, Evidences of Christianity. 



The Golden 'Book of Spingler. 59 

Prof. Vincenza Botta, 

Italian Language and Literature. 

Prof. T. D'Oremieulx, Mme. Jenny DeBrossard, 
Mile. Felicie Louise DeBebian, 

French Language and Literature. 

Prof. Albert W. Berg. 
Piano-forte. 

Prof. J. Leati, 

Italian and English Singing. 

Prof. Francis H. Brown, 

Class Singing. 

Prof Aptommas, 

Harpist 

Mme. M. Ryan, Mme. M. E. Lamed, 

Instrumental and Vocal iMusic. 

Miss Mary E. Wilson, 
Miss Susan R. Hoyt, Miss E. C. Plumley, 

English Branches and Mathematics. 

Miss Sarah Smith, 

Primary Department. 
Prof. Roswell Hitchcock. D.D., 

Lecturer on the General History of the World before Christ. 

Prof. Howard Crosby, D.D., 

Lecturer on the History of Greece and the Greek Empire. 

Prof. Vincenza Botta, LL.D., 

Lecturer on the History of Italy and the Roman Empire. 

Prof. Edmund R. Peaslee, M.D., 

Lecturer on Physiology. 

Rev. James B. Pearson 

Mental Philosophy. 



6o The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

Prof. William Mason, 

Piano-forte. 

Miss Emily S. Oilman, 

Miss N. D. McKeen, Miss Emily M. Coe. 

English Branches, Mathematics, Natural Science. 

Miss Harriet V. Abbott. 

Primary Department. 

Miss Julia A. Lathrop, 
Elocutionary Reading. 

Miss Mary Titcomb, 

Calisthenics. 

Prof. Elie Charlier, 

Lecturer on French Language and Literature. 

Rev. James R. Boyd, 

Mental and Moral Philosophy, English Literature, etc. 

Sefior Juan Barcelo, 

The Spanish Language. 

Mile. E. H. Le Clere, 
French Language and Literature. 

Mile. M. Preu, 

German Language and Literature. 

Prof. E. Millet, Mme. Valliant, 

Mrs. S. H. Anderson, Miss Louise Oilman, 

Singing and Piano-forte. 

Prof. E. Sebastiani, 

Guitar. 

Miss Lois T. Caswell, Miss Julia Wright, 

Miss Malvina Proctor, Miss Fannie Merritt, 

English branches, Mathematics, Natural Science. 



The Golden 'Book of Spingler. 6 1 

Miss Carrie M. Leach, 

Primary Department. 

Prof. Langdon, 

Calisthenics, 

Rev. Horatio Oliver Ladd, 

Associate Principal. 

Miss Frances A. Graham, Mrs. Starr, 

English Branches. 

Rev. Mr. Dana, 

Mental and Moral Philosophy, etc. 

Note. — The foregoing list has been copied from Annual Circulars and 
other papers relating to the school, and is in chronological order, beginning 
with the year 1846. As some circulars are missing, especially those for the 
latter years of the school, the list is not complete, and further information in 
regard to it is desired. 



THE ABBOT MEMORIAL BOOK. 

PART 1 1. 



CHAPTER FIRST. 

THE ABBOT MEMORIAL IN VASSAR COLLEGE. 

ITS ORIGIN, GROWTH AND CONSUMMATION. 




=2**^HE Spingler Institute, the product of the labors 
and prophetic enterprise of Rev. Gorham D. 
and Rebecca S. Abbot, opened its doors to 
the girls of America in the year eighteen 
hundred forty-eight. 

Fifty years later, in January eighteen hundred ninety- 
eight, it was suggested that a school which had served as a 
noble pioneer in the higher education of women, should 
receive recognition as such, by a celebration of the golden 
wedding of the plans of Mr. and Mrs. Abbot with those of 
Mr. Matthew Vassar in the founding of Vassar College. 
The idea met with favor. Three of the Alumnae volun- 
teered to act as a Committee to inaugurate the movement. 
Notices to that effect were published in The New York 
Tribune, The Outlook, and in The Literary World, of Bos- 
ton. And the following circular was sent to all whose 
addresses were known: 

TO THE FORMER PUPILS OF REV. GORHAM D. ABBOT. 
Dear Friends : 

A meeting to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the opening of the Sping- 
ler Institute will be held on Wednesday, June i, 1898, at 3:30 p. m., at No. 
28 West 34th Street, New York. 

A plan will then be presented for raising a fund in memory of Mr. and Mrs. 
Abbot, which may be applied toward a scholarship in Vassar College, the 
first institution to carry out our honored Principal's desires for the collegiate 
education of women. 



66 The Abbot Memorial Tiook. 

As it is not possible to obtain a complete list of the members of the school, 
it is hoped that the notice of this meeting may be passed from one to another 
and that the attendance may be large enough to prove the loyalty and af- 
fection that still exists among Mr. Abbot's pupils. 

The Committee hope that you will be able to come, and that in any case 
you will communicate with one of them. 

Mrs. Elizabeth [Hyde] Mead, 

Hillside, Norwalk, Conn. 
Mrs. Henrietta [Driggs] Prentiss, 

30 West 34th St., New York. 
Mrs. Louisa [Oilman] Lane, 
Norwich, Conn. 

Committee of /Arrangements. 

The result was such an unexpected response in numbers 
and enthusiasm as to ensure the success of the movement 
from its inception. 

The plan for establishing an Abbot scholarship or a loan 
fund in Vassar College, was presented by Mrs. Melville 
Emory Mead, and unanimously approved. 

The following ladies were nominated and elected to serve 
as an Abbot Memorial Committee, and empowered to act 
as might be deemed best in bringing the matter before the 
widely scattered former pupils of the Abbot School. The 
exact form of the Memorial was left subject to the decision 
of this Committee: 

Mrs. Moses Hopkins (Emily J. Benedict), Miss Gertrude 
F. McNamee, Mrs. George P. Rowell (Jennette Rigney), 
Mrs. W. H. Beadleston (Annie Colwell), Mrs. W. L. Skid- 
more (Helen Beadleston), Mrs. Arthur T. Sullivan (Isabel 
Place), Mrs. Chas. A. Stoddard (Minnie Prime), Mrs. Anna 
Churchill, Miss Fannie Averill, Mrs. A. M. Prentiss (Henri- 
etta Driggs), all of New York City; Mrs. Bishop Satterlee 
(Jennie Churchill), Washington, D. C. ; Mrs. Mark A. 
Hanna (Augusta Rhodes), Cleveland, Ohio; Dr. Julia Holmes 



The Abbot Memorial in Vassar College. 67 

Smith, Chicago, 111. ; Mrs. George W. Lane (Louise Gilman), 
Norwich, Conn. ; Mrs. Melville Emory Mead (Elizabeth 
Hyde), Norwalk, Conn. 

Later the following names were added : 

Mrs. Theodore Morris (Fannie Schanck), Mrs. Edwin 
Corning (Virginia M. Gibson), Mrs. Frederick E. Lathrop 
(Camilla Van Auken), Mrs. J. Jarrett Blodgett (Mary Sher- 
wood), Mrs. Henry C. Eno (Cornelia Lane), Mrs. W. W. 
Law (Georgiana Ransom), Mrs. W. D. Moore (Esther Ran- 
som), Mrs. Thomas Hooker (Margaret Averill). 

With the exception of the necessary resignations of Mrs. 
Morris in 1900, and the lamented deaths of Miss Averill and 
Mrs. Churchill in the fall of 1901, the Committee has served 
as elected until the completion of its work. 

Mrs. Moses Hopkins was made Chairman, Mrs. George 
P. Rowell, Treasurer, and Miss Gertrude F. McNamee, 
Secretary. 

At a meeting of the Abbot Memorial Committee, held 
June 7, at the residence of Mrs. Hopkins, more than a 
quorum being present in person or by proxies, it was 
voted, in accordance with the almost unanimous senti- 
ment expressed at the Reunion, to found a scholarship in 
Vassar College to bear the names of Mr. and Mrs. Abbot. 

Three ladies were appointed to draw up a circular letter 
setting forth the facts presented at this first Reunion of 
Abbot pupils, which, through the generosity of Mr. George 
P. Rowell, was printed and sent out without expense to 
the fund. 

Money, from unexpected and widely diverging sources, 
began to flow into the treasury. 

A second Reunion, kindly offered by Mrs. Arthur T. 
Sullivan, at her residence 584 Fifth Avenue, New York, 
gave a renewed impulse to the work of collecting funds, 



68 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

until at the third Reunion, in May, eighteen hundred 
ninety-nine, when Mrs. Moses Hopkins also opened her 
hospitable mansion to the pupils and friends of Mr. Abbot, 
the Treasurer was able to report the sum of $3, 181 as in- 
vested in Savings Banks to the credit of the Abbot Memo- 
rial Committee. Our fourth Reunion at the Hotel Man- 
hattan, January seventeenth, nineteen hundred, revealed 
the inspiring fact that our fund had reached the half-way 
mark. 

In the spring of this year Mrs. Arthur T. Sullivan was 
appointed Vice Chairman of the Committee, while Mrs. 
Hopkins became Honorary Chairman. 

In the fall the Committee issued a second circular, and 
the fifth Reunion, held in December, showed a gratifying 
increase in receipts. 

The third circular, bearing date of February, nineteen 
hundred one, announced that $7,549.23 had been received 
in subscriptions and interest by the Treasurer since the De- 
cember Reunion, and that of the $8,000 required for the 
scholarship, only $842.77 was needed. 

This amount was secured in November of the same year. 
The Gorham D. and Rebecca S. Abbot scholarship was pre- 
sented to the President of Vassar College at a Reunion held 
at the Hotel Manhattan, December eighteenth, nineteen 
hundred one. 

During the three and half years of its existence the Com- 
mittee has held besides the six Reunions, twenty-one im- 
portant business meetings. The work of the Secretary 
would have been onerous had it not been a labor of love. 
She has a record of fifteen hundred names of Abbot pupils, 
and has traced to some extent 1,048. Of these 626 have 
been found, and 142 relatives of deceased pupils have also 
been the recipients of her friendly correspondence. 



The Abbot Memorial in Vassar College. 69 

Miss McNamee has had responses to her letters from the 
States of Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indi- 
ana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massa- 
chusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ne- 
braska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North 
Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Caro- 
lina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Wash- 
ington, West Virginia, Honolulu, and in addition from 
Canada, England, France, and Italy. 

The Secretary has been assisted in correspondence by all 
the ladies of the Committee. Special service has been 
rendered by Mrs. Moses Hopkins, Mrs. Arthur T. Sullivan, 
Mrs. Frederick Lathrop, Mrs. George P. Rowell, Mrs. Theo- 
dore Morris, Mrs. Edwin Corning, Mrs. Charles A. Stod- 
dard, Mrs. George W. Lane, Mrs. Melville E. Mead, Mrs. 
West, Miss Susie Miles, Mrs. Kirkland, Mrs. Pond, Mrs. 
Heermance, Mrs. Mack, Miss Scribner, Mrs. Pomeroy, Mrs. 
P. V. Finch, Mrs. Kingsbury, Mrs. Gorsline, Mrs. Spaulding, 
Mrs. Thomas Moore, and Mrs. Cornelius Clark. 

The letters of the Secretary and her assistants, with refer- 
ence to this undertaking, number nearly three thousand, 
those of the Treasurer number over one thousand, and 
with about twelve hundred by the Chairman of the Busi- 
ness Committee, and many not reported by other members 
of the Abbot Committee, it will be seen that the number 
cannot have fallen much short of six thousand. 

Nine of the pupils of the J. S. C. and Jacob Abbott Schools 
have been interested contributors to the fund. 

In the management of this enterprise, the Committee 
from first to last has been a unit in all its plans and efforts. 
The judicious investment and conservative management of 
the fund by the Treasurer, and her self-sacrificing labors in 



70 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

connection with it, have afforded important elements of 
success, hi addition to generous gifts of money, she has 
donated the printing of reports, large amounts for postage, 
besides subscriptions for current expenses. Other members 
of the Committee have also personally assumed various 
expenses and have given most liberally, both of money 
and of time to carry forv/ard the work. 

By the last report of the Treasurer it will be seen that all 
expenses necessary to prosecuting such an unusual under- 
taking as that of the Abbot Committee have either been 
met by individual members of that Committee or have been 
paid from the interest of the fund earned in its banks of de- 
posit. Not one contribution for the scholarship has been 
applied to the expense account. 

The Committee has also had the most loyal response of tha 
Abbot student body. Countless letters, expressmg appre- 
ciation of the labors of Mr. and Mrs. Abbot, and delight in 
this movement to honor their blessed memory have given 
inspiration and help in an enterprise, which it was feared 
might have touched the past more vitally than the present. 
The result has proved that the work of the true teacher is 
undying. It has been the privilege of these pupils to pre- 
serve from oblivion the labors and ideals of teachers whose 
names have now become immortal in the annals of higher 
education. 

In this connection also record should be made of the 
thanks due to the various ladies and gentlemen who have 
so kindly contributed by their presence and their eloquent 
addresses to the success of the Reunions. Among these 
may be mentioned President Taylor, of Vassar College; 
Rev. Lyman Abbott, D.D., of The Outlook; Rev. Henry J. 
Van Dyke, of Princeton University; Rev. H. O. Ladd, Rec- 
tor St. James, Jamaica, N. Y. ; Rev. Edward Abbott, Cam- 



The Abbot Memorial in Vassar College. 71 

bridge, Mass.; Rev. A. T. Schauffler, New York; Mrs. 
Kate Upson Clark, Mrs. Julia Keese Nelson Colles, Mrs. 
Emma Moffet Tyng, Mrs. A. T. Schauffler, Mademoiselle 
Le Clere and others. 

The committee is also grateful for the kind encourage- 
ment and support received from the President and Trustees 
of Vassar College. 

At the inception of its plan, in June, 1898, the amount 
required to endow a full scholarship in the College was 
$8,000. The following year it was found necessary to 
increase this amount to $10,000. Yet in June, 1901, the 
Board of Trustees generously voted to accept $8,000 for 
this Memorial as a full scholarship, if the amount were 
secured during the year of 190 1. 

This action gave the needed spur to the final accomplish- 
ment of the work. 

The Committee has presented to the College a fine por- 
trait of Rev. Gorham D. Abbot, with enlarged crayon photo- 
graphs of the buildings occupied by the Abbot Collegiate 
Institute, known as the Spingler, the mansions corner Fifth 
Avenue and Thirty-fourth Street and of Park Avenue and 
Thirty-eighth Street. 

These pictures have been artistically framed and in- 
scribed. 

With the completion of the Memorial Book, the work 
of the Abbot Memorial Committee will be closed. 

Elizabeth Hyde Mead, 
- Chairman Business Committee. 



CHAPTER SECOND. 

NEW NOTES IN AN OLD MELODY. 

" Ring out the old, ring in the new." 

" Of love that never found his earthly close 
What sequel? " 

THE INTERPRETATION. 

There have been four hundred subscriptions, ranging from one 
dollar to five hundred each $8, 180.72 

Interest to January 1st, 1902, on fund deposited in Savings Bank, 539.00 

Memorial Scholarship $8,000.00 

General Expenses . 670 . 92 

Balance paid over to book fund 48 . 80 

$8,719.72 $8,719.72 

MRS. GEORGE P. ROWELL, 
May 17th, 1902. Treasurer. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 

Abbott, Rev. Edward Cambridge, Mass. 

Adams, Miss Emma J New York. 

Alexander, Mrs. Fannie E Belleville, Ont. , Can. 

AUin, Mrs. A. E. (Annie Morss) New York. 

Ambler, Mrs. C. G. (Clara Coventry) Jacksonville, Fla. 

Amerman, Mrs. B. L. (Mary Virginia Libbey) New York. 

Anderson, Mrs. Edward H. (Josephine Allen) New York. 

Andrews, Mrs. John S. (Emily S. Hallock) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Andrews, Miss Mary S New York. 

Averill, Miss Frances New York. 

Avis, Mrs. Joseph W. (Laura Boyce) Matteawan, N. Y. 

Ayers, Mrs. Theodore (Ann E. Bonsall ) Morristown, N. J. 

Bacheler, Mrs. F. A. (Frances A. Smith) Norwich, Conn. 



New Notes in an Old Melody. 73 

Baker, Mrs, Henry M. (Susan V. Barnes) .New York, 

Ball, Mrs. True M. (Alice Sistare) New Castle, N. H. 

Banfield, Mrs. E. C. (Annie S. Fiske) Boston, Mass. 

*Banks, Mrs. W. N. (Matilda T. Maxwell), in memory of, from her sister, 

Miss Kate Maxwell Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Barber, Mrs. J. (Elizabeth Stevens) Syracuse, N. Y. 

Barber, Miss Mary L New York. 

Barnes, Mrs. Theodore M. (Josephine Bulkley) . . . New York. 

Barton, .Mrs. George F. (Julia P. Beardsley) Springfield, Mass. 

Bates, Mrs. John (Olivia G. Hoyt) San Diego, Gal. 

Beadleston, Mrs. William H. (S. Annie Colwell) New York. 

Bellamy, Mrs. E. W. (Bessie Groom) Mobile, Ala. 

Bennett, Miss Katherine Natchez, Miss. 

Berg, Mrs. Albert W New York. 

Betts, Miss Julia Englewood, N. J. 

Bidwell, Miss Glara Boston, Mass. 

Billings, Mrs. Frederic (Julia Parmly) New York. 

*Billings, Mrs. Mary Williams, in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. Ezra L. 

Sherman (Bessie Williams.) Riverside, 111. 

Blair, Mrs. DeWitt G. (Mary Annie Kimball) New York. 

*Blair, Mrs, Mary J. Ross, in memory of, from her daughter, Mrs. Robert 
Forbes Ferguson New York. 

Bliss, Mrs. Elijah W. (Lillie Benedict) New York. 

Blodgett, Mrs. J. Jarrett (Mary Sherwood) New York. 

Bostwick, Mrs. H. A. (Emma G. Engs) New York. 

Bosworth, Mrs. Joseph S. (Mary A. Wray) New York. 

Bramwell, Miss Marie J Flushing, L. I. 

Brevoort, Mrs. Edward R. (Minnie L. Butler) New York. 

Brewer, Miss M. Adeie Stockbridge, Mass. 

*Brewster, Mrs. H. Pomeroy (Mary E. Pond), in memory of. from her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. H. LeB. Wills Golorado Springs, Gol. 

Bridge, Mrs. William F. (Fannie Lane) New York. 

Brown, Miss Elizabeth W Saratoga, N. Y. 

Brown, Miss S. Edwina New York. 

Brown, Miss S. Josephine Lyme, Gonn. 

Browning, Miss Sarah Lawrence, L. 1. 

Budd, Mrs. William A. (Margaret Hardenbergh) New York. 

Bumham, Miss Sallie R Richmond, Ky. 



74 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

Catlin, Mrs. Charles T. (Mary Louise Libbey) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Chamberlain, Mrs. Albert (Julia Finch ) Croton Falls. 

Chandler, Miss Fannie B Elizabeth, N. J. 

*Charnley, Mrs. Louise Averill, in memory of, from her daughter, Miss Con- 
stance Charnley New York. 

Church, Mrs. Geo. (Mary Louise Bostwick). Great Barrington, Mass. 

Clapp, Mrs. D. P. (Illie Crawford) Brooklyn, L. I. 

Clark, Mrs. Cornelius H. (Sarah M. Smith) Elizabeth, N. J. 

Clark, Mrs. J. R. (Fanny Perry) New York. 

Cochran, Mrs. I. W. (Annie Carter) New York. 

Coenen, Mrs. Louis (Lizzie Pierce) New York. 

Coghill, Miss Sadie A Morristown, N. J. 

Colles, Mrs. J. K. (Julia Keese Nelson) Morristown, N. J. 

*Colt, Mrs. Thomas (Catherine Cooley), in memory of, from her sister, Miss 
Mary J. Cooley Pittsfield, Mass. 

*Colwell, Miss Josephine, in memory of, from her sisters, Mrs. Chas. W Ar- 
mour and Miss Ella J. Colwell ... New York. 

Condit, Mrs. Frederick (Laura Chapin) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Converse, Mrs. Charles C. (Lida Lewis) Highwood, N. J. 

Cook, Mrs. E. L. (Virginia Pharo) New York. 

Corning, Mrs. Edwin (Virginia Gibson) New York. 

Corse, Mrs. Harriette Caswell Maiden, N. Y. 

*Crane, Mrs. William N. (Caroline A. Merriam), in memory of, from her 
husband New York. 

Croft, Mrs. Charles P. (Julia Mather) Simsbury, Conn. 

Curtis, Mrs. Herman E. (Mary M. Camp) Redlands, CaL 

Darling, Mrs. W, Lee ( Louise Gibson) New York. 

Davis, Mrs. Emily Burt New York. 

Dean, Mrs. Gilbert (Mary Stewart) Brocton, N, Y. 

DeMets, Mrs. George (Malvina Lane) Staten island, N. Y. 

Denny, Miss Adeline L New York. 

Denny, Mrs. Edward W. (Kate M. Brown) New York. 

DeSilver, Mrs. Carl! H. (Mary H. Block) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Diggs, Mrs. D. ^. (Kate A. L. Cornell) New York. 

Dimock, Mrs. George E., a friend of Vassar •. . ... .Elizabeth, N. J. 

*Dodge, Mrs. D. Stuart (Elizabeth Boyd), in memory of, from her hus- 
band New York. 

Dodge, Mrs. William E. (Sarah Hoadley) New York. 



Nezv Notes in an Old Melody. 75 

Doten, Mrs. Fred B. (Georgie L. Wells) Chicopee, Mass. 

Doubleday, Mrs. William E. (Ellen M. Dickenson) New York. 

Draper, Mrs. Henry (Anna Palmer) New York. 

Drisler, Mrs. Hermann (Kate W. Barhydt) New York. 

Dryer, Mrs. Maria Hegeman Palmyra, N. Y. 

*Dye, Mrs. (Annie R. Winchester), in memory of, from her sister. Mrs. 

Thomas Bennett New Haven, Conn. 

Earl, Miss Elizabeth H Morristown, N. J. 

*Earle, Mrs. Samuel S. (Josephine Driggs), in memory of, from her daughter, 

Miss Elsie Earle . . New York. 

Eastman, Miss Elizabeth R New Britain, Conn 

Eastman, Miss Mary D New Britain, Conn. 

Eaton, Mrs. Daniel C. (Carrie Ketcham) New Haven, Conn. 

Eaton, Mrs. M. H. (Maria H. Tylee) Pasadena, Cal. 

Eddy, Mrs. Titus E. (Mary L. Seymour) New York. 

Eels, Mrs. Daniel P. (Mary Witt) Cleveland, Ohio. 

Elsworth, Mrs. Eugene (Julia Dibble) Irvington, N. Y. 

Eno, Mrs. Henry C. (Cornelia Lane) New York. 

Erdman, Mrs. Albert (Agnes Pinney) Morristown, N. J. 

Everit, Mrs. William D. (Margaret A. Francis) Newark, N. J. 

Ewing, Mrs. Andrew S. (Sarah B. Leatham) Montreal, Can. 

Farnsworth, Miss Henrietta L Detroit, Mich. 

Fellowes, Miss Harriet D New York. 

Fenn, Mrs. W. H. (Hannah T. McGaw) Portland, Me. 

*Fenner, Mrs. A. B. (Mary F. Rigney), in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. 

George P. Rowell New York 

Fetter, Mrs. D. F. (Mary B. Owen) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Finch, Mrs. P. Voorhees (Harriet Bronson) Greenfield, Mass. 

Fisher, Mrs. John W. (Annie Schermerhorn) Homer, N. Y. 

Flemming, Mrs. James (Sarah S. Latou) Jersey City, N. J. 

Flint, Miss Mary K Charlestown, Mass. 

Fowler. Miss Elizabeth Hopians Geneva, N. Y. 

Fox, Mrs. Charles East Orange, N. J. 

Fraleigh, Mrs. Richard E. (M. Emma Boyce) Red Hook, N. Y. 

*Fran9ois, Mrs. Grace Barhydt, in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. Hermann 

Drisler . . New York. 

*Freeman, Mrs. John Newton (Kate Benedict), in memory of, from her 

daughter, Miss Kate B. Freeman Tallahassee, Fla. 



76 The Abbot Memorial 'Booh. 

CaDaway, Mrs. Robert M. (Elizabeth A. Williams) New York. 

Gano. Mrs. John A, (Laura Vallette) Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Geddes, .Mrs. Mar>- Chamberlin SjTacuse, N. Y. 

Gfldersleeve, .Mrs. Anna M. Voorhies . Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Gfllespie, Mrs. George L. (Rhobie McMaster; . . New York. 

Gilman, Miss Emily S Norwich, Conn. 

*Gflman, Mrs. Daniel C. (Mary Ketcham), in memory of, from her daughter, 

Miss Alice Gilman Baltimore, Md. 

Gilman, Miss Maria P Norwich, Conn. 

Gilman Miss Sophia B Newton, Mass. 

Goddard, Mrs. Francis W. (Elizabeth Cass Ledyard) . . Colorado Springs, Col. 

Gorsline. Mrs. William H. (Margaret Howe) Rochester, N. Y. 

Gould, .^^rs. Charles J. (Annie Westbrook) New York. 

Glidden, Miss Minnie M , in memory of her mother, Mrs. Carlos Glidden 

(Phoebe J. Blackman). Providence, R. I. 

Graves, .Mrs. Henry C. (Donna M. Webster) . . New York. 

Greenleaf, Mrs. Joseph R. (Mary Ritch) New York. 

Hallock, Mrs. Lewis S. (Sarah N. Beadleston) East Orange, N. J. 

Hanlon, Mrs. John ( .Mary A. Bonsall) Pennington, N. J. 

Hanna. -Mrs. H. Mehnlle (Kate Smith) Qeveland, Ohio. 

Hanna, Mrs Mark A. (Augusta Rhodes) Cleveland, Ohio. 

Hardenbergh, Miss Marie F. . . . . .New York. 

Harper. .Mrs. Annie Coulson Fayette, Miss. 

Harris, Mrs. William Hamilton (Emma Witt) New York. 

Hawes, Miss Annie E Montclair, N. J. 

Hawes, .Miss Henrietta K Montdair, N. J. 

*Hayes, Mrs. Henry (Fannie E. Frisbie), in memory of, from her daughter, 

Miss Lena Frisbie Hayes New York. 

Haxtun, Mrs. William (Adeline Reed Adams) New York. 

*Ha3rward, Mrs. James K- (Emeline Place), in memory of, from her sister, 

Mrs. A. T. Sullivan New York. 

Heermance, Mrs. W. L. (Susie Leeds) Yonkers, N. Y. 

Hendricks, Mrs. Sarah Butler Indianapolis, Ind. 

Henry, Mrs. Douglas (Annie Prentiss) New York. 

Henr>-, Mrs. Lewis B. (Catharine Schermerhom) East Orange, N. J. 

HEls, Miss Sarah B New York. 

Hoadley, Mrs. Horace P. (Jeanie 1. Ivison) New Haven, Conn. 

Holbrook, Mrs, A. W. (Amelia Hopkins) Winter Park, Fla. 



New Notes in an Old Melody. ']'] 

Hooker, Mrs. Thomas (Margaret Averill) New York. 

Hopkins, Mrs. Moses (Emily [. Benedict) New York. 

Hotchkiss, Mrs. Edward (Anna Campbell) Redlands, Cal. 

Houghton, Miss Louise C New York. 

Housman. Mrs. Charles H. (Emma Van Valkenburgh) New York. 

Howe, Mrs. A. B. (Elizabeth MehafFey) Cambridge, Mass. 

Howe, Mrs. Lucien (Elizabeth M. Howe) Buffalo, N. Y. 

Howes, Mrs. Osborn (Mrs. Alma Curtis) Boston, Mass. 

Hubbard, Mrs. Gardiner Greene (Gertrude McCurdy). . . .Washington, D. C. 

Hungerford, Mrs. Mary Churchill New York. 

Huntington, Mrs. Joseph S. (Sarah E. Curtis) Old Lyme, Conn. 

Hurd, Mrs. Charles (Julia Edwards) Dorchester, Mass. 

Hussey, Mrs. William H. (Cornelia Collins) Orange, N. J. 

*Hyde, Miss Fannie B., in memory of, from her sister, Mrs, M. E. Mead. . . . 

New York. 

*Hyde, Miss Maria C, in memory of, from Miss Caroline Willard, New York. 
*lvison. Miss Henrietta, in memor>' of, from her sister, Mrs. H. P. Hoad- 

ley New York. 

Jacques, Miss Emma J New York. 

*Jaffray, Mrs. Robert (Eliza C. Smith), in memory of, from her husband . . . 

New York. 

Janeway, Mrs. Jacob J (Eliza Harrington) . . .New Brunswick, N. J. 

Jenks, Mrs. Robert B. (Annie J. Brown) Elmira, N. Y. 

*Jesup, Miss Sarah J., in memory of, from Mrs. Morris K, Jesup, New York. 

Jessup, Miss Fannie M Montrose, Pa. 

Johnson. Mrs. John Edgar (Fannie Hallock) Ossining, N. Y. 

Judd, Mrs. A. F. (Agnes Hall Boyd) Honolulu, Sandwich Islands. 

Kennedy, Mrs. John S. (Emma Baker) New York. 

Kennedy, Mrs. Louise Clisby Macon, Ga. 

Kidder, Mrs. D. O. (Susie M. Magoun) Medford, Mass. 

Kingman, Mrs. C. A. (Caro A. Graves) Princeton, Mass. 

Knapp, Mrs. Shepherd (EmmaBenedict) New York. 

Lane, Mrs. George W, (Louise Gilman) Norwich, Conn. 

Lane, Mrs. William H. (Caroline H. Allen) New York. 

*Langmuir, Mrs. Gavin (Laura Jennette Baker], in memory of, from her sis- 
ter, Mrs. John S. Kennedy , . . . .New York, 

Larned, Miss Augusta New York. 

Lathrop, Mrs. Frederick E. ( Camilla VanAuken) New York. 



7« 



The Abbot Memorial "Book. 



Law, Mrs. Waiter W. (Georgiana Ransom) Scarborough, N. Y. 

Ledere, Mile. Louis* New York. 

Leeds. Miss Addie L BrookI>-n, N. Y. 

Leeds, Mrs. H. E. (Hattie WiUiams) New York. 

Leonard, Mrs. William R Qeveland, Ohio. 

Lemed, Miss Lucy A Hopkinton, N. H. 

Leslie, Miss Eiiiabeth SjTacuse, N. Y. 

Lewis, Mrs. Charles Dudley (Emma J. Qark) South Framingham, .Mass. 

Lincoln, Mrs. Rufiis P. (Caroline Tyler) Plainfield, N. J. 

Loizeaux, .Mrs. Paul J. (Celia A. Sanderson) Plainfield, N, J. 

Loveland, .Mrs. A. G. (Anna S. Green) Pittsford, Vt. 

Low, Miss Louisa Stamford, Conn, 

Ludlow, Miss Helen W Hampton, Va. 

Lyle. -Mrs. John (E. Antoinette Newcomb) Tenafly, N. J. 

MacCollum, Mrs. Alexander (Eleanor Lake) New York. 

Mack, Mrs. H. Q. (Mar>' Janes) Catskill Station, N. Y. 

Manning, Miss Jane Ford New Brunswick, N. J. 

Martin, .Mrs. John Sajre (Mary VanDuzer) New York, 

Martin, Mrs. Samuel (Orella D. Pond) Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mason, Miss Margaretta B Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mattison, Miss .M, Augusta Hastings, N. Y. 

MaxweD, Miss Kate Brookl>n, N. Y. 

Maxwell, Mrs. William D. (Mar>' Beadleston) New York. 

McAllister, Mrs. Francis M. (Carrie Cornell) Elizabeth, N. J. 

McBride, Mrs. Lee (Harriet E. Wright) Qeveland, Ohio. 

McQellan, .Mrs. Charles H. (Malleville Smith) Lakewood, N. J. 

McNamee, Miss Gertrude F. . . . New York. 

Mead, Mrs. Melville E. (Elizabeth Hyde) . . Norwalk, Conn. 

Meigs, Mrs. Charles H. (Kate Campbell) Redlands, Cal. 

Mdlor, Mrs. James (Hattie M. Ransom) Manchester, England. 

Merritt. Mrs. E. R. (Leila Roosevelt) New York. 

Miles, Miss Susan W New York. 

•Moore, Mr. Douglas G Elizabeth, N, J. 

Moore, Mrs. Thomas (Connie Tait) Elizabeth, N. J. 

Moore, Mrs. W. D. (Esther F. Ransom) New York. 

Morgan, Mrs. D. P. (Caroline Fellowes) Washington, D. C. 

Morris. .Miss Maria J Richmond, Va. 

Morris, Mrs. Theodore W. (Fannie Schenck). New York. 



New Notes' in ari^Old Melody. 79 

*Mott, Miss Lillie F., in memory of, from her mother, Mrs. John W. Mott. . 
Montclair, N. J. 

*Munro, Miss Helen, in memory of, from her sisters, Miss Lucia N. Munro 
and Miss Phoebe Munro New York. 

Neill, Mrs. Henry M. (Mary Schultz) New Orleans, La. 

Nevius, Mrs. William J. (M. Louise Scribner) South Orange, N. J. 

Newberry, Mrs. John (Helen Handy) Detroit, Mich. 

Newcomb, Miss Kate Tenafly, N. J. 

Newell, Mrs. John W. (Martha C. Earl) New York. 

Noble, Mrs. M. R. (Mary Rawdon) Kenilworth, ill. 

Paton, Mrs. R. L. S. (Nettie Baylis) East Orange, N. J. 

*Perry, Miss Adeline Reid, in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. James R. 
Clark New York. 

Pierson, Mrs. Arthur T. (Sarah F. Benedict) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Piatt, Mrs. Isaac S. (M. Jenny Redfield) New York. 

Plumley, Miss E. C Oberlin, Ohio. 

Pott, Miss Gertrude Summit, N. J. 

Pott, Miss Mary Summit, N. J. 

Prentiss, Mrs. Andrew M. (Henrietta Driggs) New York. 

*Prince, Mrs. Christopher (Sarah Zabriskie), in memory of, from her hus- 
band Flatbush, Long Island. 

Rankin, Miss Sallie A Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Raymond, Miss Charlotte E Norwalk, Conn. 

*Redfield, Miss Clara, in memory of, from her mother, Mrs. John H. Red- 
field Philadelphia, Pa. 

Reynolds, Mrs. James B. (Emily A. Van Beuren) New York. 

Richards, Mrs. Julia Leavitt Washington, Conn. 

Roberts, Miss Mary M New York. 

♦Roosevelt, Miss May, in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. E. R. Mer- 

ritt New York. 

Rowell, Mrs. George P. (Jennette Rigney) Irvington, N. Y. 

Rumrill, Mrs. James A. (Anna Chapin) New York. 

Russell, Miss Lucy E Boston, Mass. 

Russell, Mrs. Mary Bliss Jonestown, Miss. 

Sampson, Mrs. William H. (Mary M. Smith) Plainfield, N. J. 

Sands, Mrs. William (Mary B. Gardiner) New Hamburgh, N. Y. 

Satterlee, Mrs. Henry Y. (Jennie L. Churchill) Washington, D. C. 

Sayre, Mrs. D. E. (Sarah E. Ely) Fulton, Wis. 



8o The Abbot Memorial 'Booh. 

Schauffler, Mrs. A. F. (Julia Baker) New York. 

*Schermerhorn, Miss Matilda B., in memory of, from her mother, Mrs. J. M. 
Schermerhorn Homer, N. Y. 

Schultz, Miss Harriet New Orleans, La. 

Scribner, Miss Gertrude E Ithaca, N. Y. 

*Seymour, Mrs. C. W. (Helen Augusta Holmes), in memory of, from her 
father, Mr. Samuel P. Holmes Tacoma, Wash. 

Shaw, Mrs. S. Parkman (Gertrude Bramwell) Boston, Mass. 

*Sheffield, Mrs. George S. (Mary Stewart), in memory of, from her son, Mr. 
Joseph Earl Sheffield New York. 

Skidmore, Mrs. William L. (Helen Beadleston) New York. 

Skinner, Miss Elizabeth Chicago, 111. 

*Slade, Mrs. Francis H. (Elizabeth J. Stokes), in memory of, from her sis- 
ters New York. 

Smith, Mrs. Cornelius B. (Mary Wheeler) New York. 

Smith, Miss Eliza D Brookline, Mass. 

Smith, Mrs, Edw. D. G. (Margaret V. N. Baldwin) Newark, N. j. 

Smith, Mrs. Fitch W. (Isabel C. Eagle) New York. 

Smith, Miss Florence E Britton, South Dakota, 

Smith, Dr. Julia Holmes Chicago, 111. 

Smith, Mrs. Junius (Ella Geer) Rochester, N. Y. 

Smith. Mrs. John Oliver (Sarah E. Workman) Chicago, 111. 

Smith, Miss Sarah L Hanover, N. H. 

Snow, Mrs Henry C. (Lavinia Kimball Boston, Mass. 

Southmayd, Mrs. M. C. (Maria C. Lamed) Middletown, Conn. 

Southworth, Mrs. Gardner T. (Cornelia E. Murfey) Batavia, N. Y. 

Spalding, Mrs. John F. (Lavinia Spencer) Denver, Col. 

Stagg, Mrs. Charles T New York, 

Staples, Miss Cornelia T Wilmington, Del. 

*Stephens, Mrs. Eleanor B. Kimball, in memory of, from her daughters. Miss 
Sarah B. Stephens and Mrs. Chauncey W. Goodrich New York. 

*Stevens, Mrs. George (Sarah H, Vanderbilt), in memory of, from her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Charles R. Lee East Orange, N. J. 

Stoddard, Mrs, Charles A. (Mary E. Prime) New York. 

Sturdivant, Mrs. (Jane Odeneal) Columbus, Miss. 

Suffern, Mrs. Edward (Alice DeR. Adams) Plainfield, N. j. 

Sullivan, Mrs. Arthur T. (Isabelle Place) New York. 

Sullivan, Miss Florence , , , . . New York, 



New Notes in an Old Melody. 8i 

Taylor, Miss Mary E New York. 

*Taylor, Mrs. William (Mary Ann Leigh), in memory of, from her daughter, 
Mrs. Charles E. Whittemore New York. 

Thompson, Miss Helen M New York. 

Thurber, Mrs. Jefferson M. (Mary A. Levington) Detroit^ Mich, 

*Tiffany, Mis. (Miss A. G. Hoadley, our dear teacher), in memory of, from 
Mrs. M. E. Mead Norwalk. Conn. 

*Tift, Mrs. Asa P. (Anna Wheeler), in memory of, from her cousin, Mrs. 
Hall T. McGee Charleston, S. C. 

Tillson, Miss Christiana H Elizabeth, N. J. 

Todd, Mrs. Mortimer M. (Helen M. Benedict) New York. 

*Tompkins, Mrs. Hamilton B. (Susie Ledyard), in memory of, from her sis- 
ter, Mrs. Francis W. Goddard Newport, R. I. 

*Townsend, Mrs. R. H. L. (Adeline Allen), in memory of, from her hus- 
band New York. 

Train, Mrs. Horace (Hattie Chappell) Sheffield, Mass. 

Trumbull, Mrs. Jonathan (Harriet R. Richards) Norwich, Conn, 

Tucker, Mrs. J. C. (Minnie Havemeyer) Oakland, Cal, 

Tyler, Miss Anna H Plainfield, N. J, 

Tyng, Mrs. Emma Moffet New York. 

*Uhlhorn, Mrs. J. F. (Gertrude Franklin); in memory of, from her daughter, 
Mrs. Gertrude F. Atherton San Francisco, Cal. 

*Van Beuren, Miss Josephine F., in memory of from her sister, Mrs. J, B, 
Reynolds New York. 

Vigelius, Mrs. William (Clara Galpin) Cranford, N, J, 

Vinal, Mrs. Charles G. R. (M. Amelia Hotchkiss) Middletown, Conn. 

Wadhams, Mrs.A.V. (Caroline E. Henderson), Wadhams Mills, Essex Co. ,N.Y. 

Waller, Mrs. Joseph F. (Estella Hyde) Yonkers, N. Y. 

Warner, Mrs. Charles Dudley (Susan Lee) Hartford, Conn. 

*Washington, Mrs. Allan C. (Catherine L. Adams), in memory of Mr. John 
S. C. Abbott New York. 

Webster, Mrs. N. F. (N. Frances Jones) Elizabeth, N. J. 

*Wells, Mrs. Frederick S. (Josephine Perry), in memory of, from her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Frederic Strong New York. 

West, Mrs. Edwin (Lucy Cooke) .... New York. 

Westcott, Mrs, Robert F. (Margaret J. Cook) New York. 

Wheeler, Mrs. F. B. (Charlotte P. Wickes) Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Wheeler, Mrs. H. V. (Henrietta V. Barnum) New York. 



82 The Abbot Memorial 'Booh. 

White, Mrs. George T. G. (Mary E. Wagner) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

*Wickes, Miss Julia Fitch, in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. John F. Wins- 
low Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Wiley, Miss Eliza M East Orange, N. J. 

Williams, Mrs. John C. (M. Augusta Sears) Cleveland, Ohio. 

*Wilson, Mrs. Henry S. (Emily F, Harris), in memory of, from her hus- 
band. New York. 

*Wilson, Miss Mary E., our dear teacher, in memory of, from Mrs George 
P. Rowell Calais, Me. 

*Wing, Mrs. George (Mary E. Gould), in memory of, from her chil- 
dren Lincoln, Neb. 

*Woh"irabe, Miss Helena, in memory of, from her sister, Mrs. E. W. De- 
longe . Staten Island, N. Y. 

Woodbnry, Mrs. Charles H. (Fannie McGaw) New York. 

*Woodruff, Mrs. Morris (Juliette A. Lane) in memory of, from her sister 
Mrs. Henry C. Eno. 
*In Memoriam. 

" Heard melodies are sweet, but some unheard 
Are sweeter." 

These melodies "heard" and "unheard," whether in tender wishes, in- 
spiring words or noble gifts all " ring in the new " era of love to the girls of 
Vassar College. 

The " sequel " is not yet. 




CHAPTER THIRD. 

"THE TIE THAT BINDS." 

A STORY OF REUNIONS. 
From theCN^eic York Tribune. 

I. 

MEETING of the Spingler and Abbot alumnae 
was held on June ist in the spacious parlors 
of Mrs. Andrew M. Prentiss, at 30 West 34th 
Street. Between fifty and sixty ladies were 
present, many of whom are prominent in the New York 
social circles, and all of them were students in either the 
Spingler or Abbot Institutes. 

The meeting was called to order by Mrs. Melville Emory 
Mead, who nominated Mrs. George W. Lane as Chairman, 
and Miss Gertrude P. McNamee as Secretary. 

Mrs. Lane, in a graceful address of welcome, related the 
history of the meeting and its purpose, which was to be 
not only a reunion of old friends, but an attempt to honor 
the memory of Mr. and Mrs. Gorham D. Abbot; and as one 
who could speak most fittingly on this occasion of their 
virtues and purposes, she introduced to the audience the 
Rev. Dr. Lyman Abbott. 

Dr. Abbott took the hearts of the alumnae by storm in a 
series of clever allusions to some of the peculiar methods 
and rules of the old Institution, bringing the personality of 
Mr. Gorham Abbot into touch with the spirit of the meet- 
ing. He spoke earnestly of his work, and that of his gifted, 
noble wife, which was so linked with his, that it was hard 



84 The Abbot Memorial 13 oak. 

to tell which one inspired the ideals that both fulfilled. Dr. 
Abbott bore beautiful testimony to the power, the conse- 
cration, the untiring service of these educators to the cause 
of higher education in the pre-college age. He spoke of 
Mr. Abbot's joy in the surrender of his plans to Matthew 
Vassar, and of his delight in the founding of Vassar College ; 
of his present delight in it, "for I am one," said the gifted 
speaker, " who believe that the dead do not die, but live 
with all their hearts aglow with love for the nobler cause 
they served while here. They but pass on to a higher life, 
and the object of such a meeting as this is one to fill their 
hearts with new joy, that their work is to be continued in 
the college they helped to found, and in a perpetual minis- 
try to girls, who may need their ministry." 

Dr. Abbott bore witness to the grand work being carried 
forward by Vassar College, and said he could give no higher 
testimony to its value than by stating that he had placed his 
own daughter there. 

After the conclusion of his remarks, Mrs. Lane read a 
letter from Miss Helen W. Ludlow, of Hampton Institute, 
Hampton, of which the following is an extract: 

"■ It is with great regret I find myself unable to respond to 
your call. I can assure you that I shall be with you in spirit, 
and one with you in the plans which shall be made to honor 
the memory of our beloved Mr. and Mrs, Abbot, and to 
prove our loyalty to them and to their noble aims for the 
higher education of women. 

"A tribute which shall take the form of some live con- 
tinuing work for such aims rather, than of memorial bronze 
or marble seems to me infinitely more fitting — the only 
monument worthy to succeed that which, for a generation, 
has been theirs, the monument of lives which they made 
happy and useful. 



" The Tie thai 'Binds. " 85 

"And I am very glad to see Vassar College named in 
your circular of invitation as the appropriate place for the 
establishment of such a memorial, — especially glad, since I 
have learned your discovery of the direct, broad-hearted 
part Mr. Abbot took in connection with the founding of 
that Institution, which, as you have said, was the first to 
carry out the great desire of his heart for the collegiate edu- 
cation of women on the most liberal scale, which is still so 
grandly carrying it forward. In Mr. Abbot's generous be- 
quest of his good will to Vassar, may we not feel our own 
pledged to it in a sacred, delicate trust." 

"Following Miss Ludlow's lead," said Mrs. Lane, I now 
take pleasure in introducing the President of VassarCollege, 
Rev. Dr. Taylor. 

Dr. Taylors address was full of eloquence, power and fervor. He detailed 
the state of public opinion on the education of women in the forties and be- 
fore, the struggles of women like Emma Willard, Mary Lyon and others to 
secure opportunities for intellectual training, and to give these to others. In 
the public apathy to the needs of higher education for girls, the unbelief in 
its necessity or its possibility, Mr. Abbot arose with his far reaching plans as a 
pioneer for the College. His heart was full of a sublime purpose. He carried 
it forward, through good report and through evil report. He gave himself to 
a work in which he believed, but in which the community at large was not 
in full sympathy. He made it a success so far as it could be made a success 
in such conditions. He had to educate not only his girls, but his public, to 
create a sentiment of sympathy, of faith and of support, and he accomplished 
all that could have been done at that time, even if he had had unlimited 
funds. A college must have time to grow, and the seed planted by Mr. 
Gorham Abbot is still growing, and will attain its fairest bloom in ages to 
come. 

Dr. Taylor spoke of the influence of Mr. Abbot in founding Vassar College. 
He said Mr. Vassar was oppressed with the responsibility of his wealth. He 
wished to bestow it upon some charity, and he was looking about for the 
best medium to which to entrust it. His mind fluctuated from one point to 
another. At this time he met Mr. Abbot, and was drawn in sympathy to 
his ideals of female education. Many a conference they had together, and 



86 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

it was a notable meeting of two men with widely different gifts — Mr. Vassar, a 
plain man of business, without the advantage of liberal education ; Mr. Abbot, 
gifted, cultured, inspired with high purpose, but lacking abundant means. 

At last the purpose of the one reached the wealth of the other, and to Mr. 
Vassar, Mr. Abbot made the bequest of his most cherished plans for the 
the founding of a college for girls. Hence it may be said that Vassar College 
is the gift of Mr. Abbot's heart to Mr. Vassar's, and from Mr. Vassar to the 
world. And from the time of his conference with Mr. Abbot, Mr. Vassar's 
life was changed. He was infused with a grand purpose that transformed 
his ideals, his aspirations. Never was the influence of the noble educator 
more strongly felt, than upon the founder of Vassar College. 

Dr. Taylor elaborated upon the points of similarity of the Spingler with 
the college of to-day, the broad lecture courses, the prominent place of art 
in education, the fine picture galleries of Spingler, the library work in litera- 
ture, the large equipment of apparatus for use in the study of natural sciences, 
the laboratories, the musical departments, these all testified to Mr. Abbot's 
advanced thought in educational methods and in training. 

In still another point was the Spingler in touch with Vassar. Character 
was made the foundation of good work. And again, in catholicity of teach- 
ing, in unsectarian, but in Christian influence, they were alike. And lastly, 
in their wide-spread influence. Spingler drew its students from twenty-five 
states, from more than one of the territories, from Canada, the West Indies, 
and even from Europe. Vassar to-day does the same. The noblest testi- 
mony to Spingler is in the lives it has trained ; and this same work will be 
for Vassar its greatest glory in all the ages that are to come. 

Dr. Taylor's remarks were received with profound atten- 
tion. 

Following his address, Mrs. Mead read a paper, giving 
in detail the plan proposed to the alumnse for establishing 
a Memorial scholarship in Vassar College, to be called the 
Gorham D. and Rebecca S. Abbot Memorial, whose avails 
may be applied to the completion of the education of 
worthy students who might otherwise be compelled to 
abandon a college course. 

After the reading of various letters of regret for necessary 
absence and appro\'al of the object from a large number of 
the alumnae, a permanent organization of a committee to 
carry forward this work was effected. 



" The Tie that 'Binds. ' ' 87 

II. 

The reception to the Abbot Memorial Committee, and to 
the former students of the Spingler and Abbot Institutes, 
given by Mrs. Arthur T. Sullivan at her elegant residence, 
584 Fifth Avenue, on Thursday afternoon, was a delightful 
occasion. 

After a half hour of social enjoyment, the large audience, 
assembled in the spacious parlors, was called to order by 
Mrs. George W. Lane, in the place of Mrs. Moses Hopkins, 
the chairman, who was unable on account of illness to be 
present. 

Mrs. Lane presided in a most felicitous manner, and after 
a brief address of welcome, introduced the Secretary, Miss 
Gertrude F. McNamee, to report the work done by her dur- 
ing the summer months. Miss McNamee spoke of the 
hundreds of letters written, and of the enthusiastic letters 
which came to her from Spingler and Abbot students in 
nearly every part of the land. All the old pupils from whom 
she has heard seemed to respond most heartily to the plan 
of establishing a memorial scholarship in Vassar College 
that should bear the names of Gorham D. and Rebecca S. 
Abbot. 

Following the Secretary, Mrs. George P. Rowell gave the 
Treasurer's report, which stated that up to the present time 
$1,980.00 had been received, and this without any special 
appeal. The most tender and beautiful letters accompanied 
many of these gifts, some of which were but one dollar, 
others hundreds of dollars in amount. 

The next speaker was Mrs. Kate Upson Clark, who 
detailed the growth of a College Club to which she belonged. 
Mrs. Clark spoke with much animation and feeling of the 
necessity of securing high standards of character in educa- 



88 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

tors, :ind urged that the influence of Spingler women should 
be pledged to this. 

Rev. Henry J. Van Dyke, D.D., then delivered a brilliant 
address of great force and power. He urged that the high 
standards of education for character must be first secured in 
the home, that the mothers must develop and train the moral 
purpose of their children, and after them, the teachers could 
build on the foundation laid in the home. This, he said, was 
what those eminent educators,, Mr. and Mrs. Gorham D. 
Abbot, sought to do for their pupils. They gave of what 
cost most, the life of their heart and brain. It only needed 
to see the audience gathered on this occasion to know how 
nobly this work had been done. He said the establishment 
of this scholarship was to commemorate a Victory, it was 
a monument of love, and it was a perpetuation of the work 
of Gorham D. and Rebecca S. Abbott through generations 
to come. He compared Mr. .Abbot's life, in its various 
phases, to the series of pictures, Cole's Voyage of Life, 
whose art we have outgrown, but whose teaching is no 
less potent now than of old. In glowing words he des- 
cribed Mr. Abbot's launching of the bark of higher educa- 
tion for girls in New York City, a frail craft bound for a 
perilous voyage, passing through many dangers, until to- 
day it floats secure and strong, a grander vessel — Vassar 
College. 

Dr. Van Dyke's address was received with the greatest 
enthusiasm and applause. Mrs. Lane introduced President 
Taylor of Vassar College, who spoke with great vigor on 
" The Need of Scholarships in Vassar College." He alluded 
to the beautiful work of Mr. Abbot, as finding still expres- 
sion in Vassar ; to the reflex effect of the effort to secure 
such a scholarship on the former Abbot students, who 
were to-day among the honored women of America, and 



" The Tie that "Binds. ' ' 89 

in the social circles in which they move. While the 
spirit of higher education was abroad in certain sections 
of this land, it had not fully permeated public opinion. 
This effort to secure a memorial scholarship was one of 
the agencies for the grand cause of higher education for 
women. Another need of the scholarship was for the girls 
themselves. In making the appropriations for aid for the 
coming year, 1899-1900, he had been obliged by lack of 
funds for this purpose to refuse all applications, but one, 
of many Freshmen who had hoped to enter college, but 
who were unable to do so for lack of funds. No one need 
hesitate to contribute on the ground that there was no need 
of the gift ; no gift could be more timely or more acceptable 
than this new foundation in Vassar College for the Abbot 
Memorial Scholarship. 

Another delightful feature of the occasion was a short 
address by Miss Maria P. Oilman, a former and dearly 
beloved teacher at Spingler; and one by Mrs. Curtis Howes, 
of Boston, who detailed the interview of Mr. Vassar and Mr. 
Abbot, when Mr. Abbot surrendered to Mr. Vassar his 
plans for founding a college for Girls. 

The social function that followed was of an extremely 
pleasant character. Tea was served in the beautiful dining 
room by fair young girls, who were counted among the 
"grand-daughters" of Spingler, and who added charm to 
the occasion by their presence. 



00 The Abhoi Memorial 'Book. 



From the Ne-x York Tribune, May ip. 

On Thursday afternoon, May i8, a number of the former 
students of the Spingler and Abbott Collegiate Institutes met 
at the home of Mrs. Moses Hopkins, i East Fifty-sixth Street. 

Miss Gertrude F. McNamee, Secretary of the Abbot Me- 
morial Committee, reported that about 800 students of the 
Spmgler and Abbot Collegiate Institutes had been accounted 
for. Many have died. Some are living at great distances; 
but if it is possible to trace them, they will be informed of 
the project for perpetuating the memory and work of Mr. 
Abbot and his wife, so they may not be debarred from par- 
ticipation in the labor of love for their former teachers. 

Rev. Horatio Oliver Ladd, of Jamaica, Long Island, gave 
an address on "The Honored Teacher and His Work." 
Mr. Ladd was associated with Mr. Abbot in the closing 
years of his school, and is connected with the Abbot family 
through his wife. He spoke feelingly of the character and 
influence of that great teacher, and of the results of his teach- 
ing and example as shown in the lives of his pupils. He 
demonstrated in his school that instruction in philosophy 
and science should neither detract from woman's work of 
home-making, nor from any womanly quality ; above all 
else he endeavored to develop Christian character and true 
womanhood. Mr. Ladd traced succinctly the growth of the 
sentiment in favor of more liberal education for women. 
Vassar College was the first Institution of its kind; to-day 
we have Smith, Bryn MawT, Wellesley, Radcliffe, and others, 
with co-education at some of the Universities. As late as 
1862 there was not a Normal School for girls in the City of 
New York ; now such schools in the whole country number 
hundreds. 



' ' The Tie that "Biihfs. " 91 

At the conclusion of Rev. Mr. Ladd's impressive address, 
the following paper on "The Test of Loyalty to Alma 
Mater," was read by Mrs. Julia Keese Colles (Class of '59), 
now of Morristown, N. J. : 

Madame Chairman, Classmates and Fello-w Students; 
Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The request of your Committee of the Alumnae that I 
should read a paper to-day on "^ The Test of Loyalty to 
Alma Mater " is cheerfully complied with. It is a pleasure 
to lay a flower upon the wreath of immortelles, already 
twined. 

The quality of loyalty, itself, in the nature of man, is 
akin to the quality of patriotism, which ranks as the highest 
of human motives or principles. It is, therefore, uplifting 
and inspiring to behold a response like that of the present 
occasion, to the bugle-call of a few leaders, — when a large 
body of students, — scattered over the length and breadth of 
our continent, and of other continents, — rise, in the midst of 
their busy life work, and call back, *' Yes, we will honor 
the brave and generous benefactors of our young lives." 
What though — wondrous to relate I — through a generation, 
these two beneficent workers have been laid awayt rest, 
and have been, as men would think and say, forgotten ! 
At once, they live again, and hearts are warm and voices 
shadow forth these heart-thoughts in words of praise and 
pictures of memory; and the two who have blessed our 
lives, live again, as says the Blessed Book, in their works, 
which do follow them. 

We sing, with Halleck, of them both : 

" Green be the turf above thee, 
Friend of my early days; 
None knew thee but to love thee, 
None named thee but to praise." 



92 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

As the test of this beautiful loyalty, inspired by beautiful 
lives, there comes from the alumnae of the Spingler and 

Abbot Collegiate Institutes, far and near, a fund given joy- 
fully — from some, more, of their abundance; from others^ 
less, in their less favored circumstances, to place a me- 
morial of these two really ^r^a/ teachers in one of our halls 
of learning. What could possibly be more appropriate than 
this scholarship in Vassar College ! What more harmoni- 
ous with the facts, that this first of the Woman's colleges 
of America, is an embodiment of the life-work and thought 
of those, whom we wish to honor I 

Now, it is frequently said, "We die and are forgotten, 
and our place is filled at once. No one is so important 
that he is missed." This gathering is proof positive of the 
fallacy of this unnerving doctrine. It is not so. On the 
contrar}% we are stones, — each of us, — in the great struc- 
ture of God's universe, and we each have a definite place 
which is and can be filled by no other. 

The stranger will ask: " What are the grounds ^or this 
unusual and remarkable exhibition of loyalty ?" To reply 
will involve a few reminiscences, which illustrate the char- 
acter of the two individuals who, — as now evidenced, — 
have impressed themselves so strongly on the generation 
which, so late truly, rises to do them honor. 

Let us look back and analyse somewhat the fine course 
of instruction which is now so precious a memory. 

There were some unusual and rare qualities about old 
Spingler and the Abbot Collegiate Institute, as well as about 
the personality of both Mr. and Mrs. Abbot. A few of 
these will occur to many of us at once. 

In the first place there was a spirit of happiness prevail- 
ing in the Institution, especially among those who had the 
advantage of being members of the family where the home 



"The Tie that ^inds." 93 

feeling prevailed. The motive most strongly impressed 
upon us all was, that of the joy of improving our oppor- 
tunities, rather than the pressure of a heavy weight of re- 
sponsibility. TDiity, however, was strongly "in the air." 
Wordsworth's fme "Ode to Duty" was frequently com- 
mitted to memory, as was much other poetrv. This feature 
of the school was one which might be followed with ad- 
vantage by many of our schools to-day. They forget the 
mission of poetry, which, as Matthew Arnold has well said, 
is "the highest form of expression of human thought." 

This appreciation of the mission of poetry led to the 
cultivation of the practice of making verses. 

There was some very good original poetry written by the 
students, of which a few lines recur to me, which had the 
true poetic ring ; and were given at our Commencement 
exercises. They have the pathos of the parting : 

" Hope and joy bright wreaths are flinging 
On the fleeting, happy hours ; 
But the garlands droop and wither, 
Sorrow's touch is on love"s flowers." 

Written by sweet, bright, sunny Fannie Holdrege, whom 
everybody loved. She has passed on to eternal sunshine. 

'' Life is full of joy and sonow, 

Scarce we meet ere we must part; 
Smiles to-day and tears to-morrow 
Are the lot of every heart." 

Written by Lavinia D. Spencer, now the wife of one of 
our prominent Western Bishops, Bishop Spalding of Colo- 
rado. 

The very best and most capable instructors were sup- 
plied in every department, so that what we studied, we 
understood, from step to step. Among these, Mr. Pierson 
comes very strongly before me. He conducted our delight- 



94 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

ful Mental Philosophy studies, and also had charge of the 
essays of the Junior and Senior classes. He had a genius 
for suggestion, and inspired the girls to think, to such a 
degree, indeed, that there was always a throng about him 
at the close of the hour, and between the ringing of the 
bells which marked the close of one recitation, and the be- 
ginning of another. I recall his impressing urgently upon 
us the importance for every cultured woman, of reading the 
newspaper every day, at least the summary of events. 

Mr. Abbot's personal visits to the classes, which occurred 
at odd times, were rather enjoyed than dreaded. He had a 
number of favorite subjects, to which he often recurred, 
and which, being good subjects, we were no doubt the 
better for having impressed upon us. The wits of the 
school, however, sometimes called them "hobbies," and 
made them targets for their shafts. One of these subjects 
was about the dediico and the induco : the necessity in edu- 
cation of having our minds drawn out, rather than crammed 
with unassimilated knowledge. 

Mr. Abbot's favorite expression of his desires and aims 
for us was in the words of the Psalmist (Ps. xliv: 12) which, 
I doubt not, ever>' one present could repeat — "That our 
daughters may be as comer stones, polished after the simili- 
tude of a palace." And his suggestion to our Class, for its 
motto, was significant of his enthusiastic spirit : " Adelphi 
Stephanophori," "Daughters Crowned." 

Another theme for amusement to the wits, was Mr. Ab- 
bot's intense love of Thomas Cole's rem.arkable allegorical 
pictures of the "Voyage of Life," the originals of which, 
he was proud to own. 

At the Chapel exercises, every morning, which were 
wisely compulsory, Mr. Abbot had always something to say, 
and worth remembering. 



"The Tie thai '^inds." 95 

I can see him passing swiftly througii the rooms of the 
building, as we went back and forth to our classes or daily 
duties. He was always grave and serious, yet always 
ready to respond. 

One of his favorite "quarters of an hour" was at the 
close of the six o'clock dinner. We can hear, at this mo- 
ment, the rap, rap, rap, that came at the close of the meal, 
from his place at the head of the table, where Mrs. Abbot 
sat always at his right hand. 

At once, every one sat up, conversation ceased and quiet 
reigned. It was an appalling moment to the new-comers, 
for no one ever knew what was going to happen. I can 
hear Mr. Abbot say: " Young ladies, never touch the back 
of your chair." Sometimes, he would tell us, graphically, 
important events of the day. This would lead to geographi- 
cal or historical questions, and these would be given to one 
and another for the next evening. 

Sometimes, he would call, suddenly, for a thought from 
the lessons of the day. Sometimes, Mrs. Abbot would call 
in her sweet voice, for a line or more of poetry from each. 
It was surprising how soon the new students adjusted 
themselves to these conditions, and how rapidly they im- 
proved in self-possession and in power of expression. 
These table exercises gave the girls conversational power 
and were invaluable. I have known of no other school 
that has pursued this plan. It involves a great deal of 
trouble for the preceptors. 

Once, Mr. Abbot tried having certain young ladies give, 
at this hour, sketches of Professor Hitchcock's fine histori- 
cal lectures. We had Prof. Hitchcock on the earliest his- 
tory of the world to the time of Greece, Prof. Howard 
Crosby, who was a great favorite, on the history of Greece, 
and Prof. Botta on Roman history. This experiment of the 



96 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

lecture sketches at the table, went well, but was so great a 
strain upon the girls appointed, that it was finally aban- 
doned. 

On Saturday evening, the young ladies who had been out 
during the day were expected to give some account of their 
observations and reflections. These were often most inter- 
esting and profitable, and became more so, as the year 
went on. 

On Sunday, at the noon dinner, every young lady, in 
turn, was called upon to give a thought from the sermon. 
Only two sermons were heard, at Dr. Tyng's of St. George's 
and at the Mercer Street Presbyterian Church. It may 
be imagined, that, before dinner, there was, frequently, 
" hurrying to and fro " of the foolish virgins, begging " a 
thought " from the wise. 

Always, every morning at breakfast, we gave a verse in 
French from the Bible, and our morning lesson at prayers, 
before breakfast, was read in French with Mrs. Abbot. 
After dinner, games in French followed, for half an hour, 
directed by Mile. Subit, whom we remember gladly. Then 
study hour. 

All this conversational work should again be emphasized. 

There was no system of espionage in this home school ; 
no absolute compulsion. Leading, stimulating, inspiring 
to high ideals, rather than driving, was the course pursued, 
and so fiir as I recall, it worked well. 

The health conditions of the students were carefully 
guarded. The walks, each day, were insisted upon ; the 
calisthenic exercises, to music, also, especially for those 
who stooped. The table was always excellent, and there 
was especially a great variety of bread, six or seven kinds 
at breakfast and luncheon. At dinner, a unique plan was 
followed. Along the table, with dessert, at intervals, were 



"The Tie that 'Binds." 97 

plates of deliciously spread brown and white bread, and 
butter. So^ no one could possibly ever go away hungry. 

The hour of sessions each day were from nine till three 
o'clock, with an interval for luncheon. These hours were 
short enough. How the schools get on with less than that 
time, now, is amazing. Nine to 12:45, for instance ! as is 
the case with some we know. We wonder how the girls 
can get an education, especially when the college standards 
are higher every year. A lady told me recently that her 
daughter of sixteen went to a certain noted school in New 
York from 1 1 till i o'clock, which, she added, gave her 
plenty of time for her music and drawing. 

Luncheon was Mrs. Abbot's time. She would glide 
softly into the room and take her seat at the head of the 
table. Then, with the gentlest manner imagmable, remarks 
from her would follow. She would give us advice on mat- 
ters of daily life ; sometimes suggestions, veiled, but evi- 
dently made upon observation of defects, here and there. 
Once, for instance, she said: "Young ladies, it is better 
never to borrow, but if you do, always be as careful to re- 
turn five cents as if it were five dollars." 1 can hear her say 
it now, in her sweet and earnest tones. There was an ap- 
pealing quality in her voice. 

It was whispered about, and always among the new 
students, that Mrs. Abbot had had a great sorrow in the 
loss of her daughter, and that she had risen from it to adopt 
all these children of others for her own. So, we felt the 
motherhood in her. She was of all things womanly, and 
she had a singular blending of dignity and sweetness. No 
one would think of attempting a familiarity with Mrs. Ab- 
bot, yet all admired and loved her. As I remember her, 
she was a beautiful, certainly she was an elegant woman, 
with fine bearing and an unmistakable air of culture. The 



98 The Abbot Memorial "Book. 

perfect harmony between her and Mr. Abbot, was a fine 
object lesson and had an excellent eflFect upon the girls, in 
spite of the fact that there have rarelvbeen seen two beings, 
apparently more widely different united in married life. 
They really seemed to blend like complementary colors. 

Mrs. Abbot seems to me, as I see her now, an ideal wo- 
man, and we can fairly say of the two, in Tennyson's 
words : 

' ' And so these twain upon the skirts of Time, 
Sit side by side, full-summed in all their powers, 
Dispenang harvest, sowing the To-be 
Self-reverent each and reverencing each, 
Distinct in individualities." 

Only a few of the points in this analysis have been dwelt 
upon. Many more suggest themselves to us who look 
backward. But, in these influences for good, which we 
feel so warmly within us to-day, — which draw out and en- 
able us to attest our " Lo3'alty to Alma Mater," and which 
also we pass on to the sweet girl graduates of V'assar, in 
these influences we recognize what some one has tlnely 
designated "the true transmigration of souls." 

This paper by Mrs. Colles. with its witty allusions to old 
school jests and its pathetic reminiscences of teachers and 
pupils who have passed away, brought smiles and tears in 
succession to the faces of her listeners. When she made 
a reference to a favorite text of Mr. Abbot and said, "1 
think most of my hearers could repeat it now," the listeners 
as with one voice spoke the words : '■ That our daughters 
may be as cornerstones, polished after the similitude of a 
palace." 

Following Mrs. Colles's address letters from \'assar 
teachers and graduates were read by Mrs. Rowell, Miss 



"The Tie that ^inds." 99 

Averill, and Miss Barber, showing that Vassar is the " heir 
of Spingler in its religious life." 

Mrs. Melville Emory Mead, Chairman of the Committee 
of Arrangements, presided at the meeting. 

The reception that followed was a charming feature of a 
delightful occasion. 



582968 



loo The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 



IV. 



Spingler Alumnae hold a Reunion and plan for a Memorial Scholarship to be 

founded at Vassar. 

From the !T{ew York Mail and Express, January i8, jpoo. 

The former pupils of the Spingler and Abbot Collegiate 
Institutes held a reunion in the Green Parlor of the Manhat- 
tan Hotel yesterday afternoon. Reminiscences of school life, 
stories of other gatherings of the "Spingler girls," bright 
smiles and cheery words, interesting addresses and sparkling 
music were some of the characteristics of the assembly. 
The hours were from two to five o'clock, a social being held 
during the first hour. There were about one hundred ladies 
present when Mrs. Melville Emory Meade, of Norwalk, 
Conn., called the meeting to order at three o'clock. Miss 
Gertrude F. McNamee was the secretary. 

Rev, Edward Abbot, of Cambridge, Mass., editor of the 
" Literary World," delivered an address on " Reminiscences 
of Rev. Gorham D. and Rebecca Abbot." Miss Fannie 
Averill, of this city, read a paper on "The Abiding Influence 
of Mr. Abbot's Work." Mrs. Emma Moffett Tyng, in her 
address on " The Message of Memorials," speaking of the 
efforts being made to raise $8,000 to found a Vassar scholar- 
ship in honor of the Champion of higher education for wo- 
men, said : 

A scholarship at Vassar College in memory of Mr. Gorham 
Abbot and Rebecca Abbot ! Think what it means ! To 
lay the hand of blessing on the dead: to light the lamp of 
knowledge in the hand of many a brave young spirit. The 
years go on and soon our work will be finished and our 
hands folded. It may, by the chances of life, be for one of 
your blood or one of mine, that this gift of training is pre- 
pared." 

Miss Ethel Crane sang the following songs : "Were I a 



"The Tie that 'Binds." loi 

Star," "A Red, Red Rose," "The Blackbird," "Je Veux 
I'Aimee" and "Oh, Haste Thee, Sweet." Miss Helen Burr, 
formerly of Lincoln, Neb., harpist, played Zabel's " Legende" 
and a "Romance" from "Mignon." Miss Crane was in 
fine voice, and her songs, with the exquisite performance of 
Miss Burr on the harp, were heartily applauded. 

The Abbot Memorial Fund Committee reported that about 
$4,452 had been pledged so far. Mrs. Mead appealed to 
the ladies for more and harder work in securing gifts for the 
fund. The "Spingler girls " clasped hands, sang " Auld 
Lang Syne " with force and spirit, and the entertainment 
was over. 

TEA AND ADJOURNMENT. 

Tea was then handed around, the ladies indulged in more 
chats about their school days of years ago, and the reunion 
of 1900 was a thing of the past. Some of the ladies present 
had graduated from the John and Jacob Abbott's School, a 
predecessor of the Spingler Institute erected in 1848, on 
Union Square, by the heirs of Henry Spingler. 

Prof Berg, who dropped into the meeting at its close, 
had the pleasure of greeting a dozen or so of his former 
piano pupils. 



102 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

V. 

On December 5, 1900, the fifth Reunion of the pupils of 
the famous Abbot schools, of New York, was held at the 
Hotel Manhattan. A large gathering of people, not only 
from New York, but from its adjacent cities and towns in 
New Jersey and Conneticut, were present. There were 
guests also from Massachusetts, from Michigan, and from 
Illinois. 

The spirit of the meeting was inspiring. The orator of 
the occasion was the Rev. A. F. Schauffler, D.D., of New 
York. His address was scholarly and brilliant, and was 
based on the theory of development as applied to this Ab- 
bot Memorial, He traced back from the effect to the cause 
of this remarkable expression of gratitude to a distinguished 
teacher, and closed with the expression of the hope, that 
the joy bells about to usher in the new century might peal 
in harmony with the eight notes of the scale, a melody, 
also of eight notes, the $8,000 of the new endowment in 
Vassar College. 

Mrs. Julia Baker Schauffler spoke delightfully of the 
memories of her school days. She considered the influence 
of the School to be strongly on the side of high scholar- 
ship, patriotism and noble ideals. Referring to the large 
numbers of those who had entered into the life beyond, 
she compared the loyal legion who were left, to the rem- 
nant of the chosen, to whom Isaiah's, promises were as ap- 
plicable as in the days when they were spoken. Upon 
this " Remnant" she urged such efforts, as might bring the 
immediate consummation of the labor of love. 

Mademoiselle Le Clere for many years connected with the 
French department of the Abbot Schools, bore testimony 
to the high value of Mr. Abbot's moral ideals of education, 
and in her earnest, impassioned way committed anew those 



"The Tie that 'Binds. " 103 

ideals to her former pupils as a trust to be perpetuated in 
the name of their great teacher in the College which has 
embodied his hope for the future. 

Photographs and engravings of Spingler Institute, and of 
the mansion corner of Fifth Avenue and Thirty-fourth 
Street, to which the school removed, known as "Upper 
Spingler," with a fine portrait of Rev. Gorham D. Abbot, 
found a ready sale. The original plates from which the pic- 
tures were made were kindly loaned by Rev. Edward Ab- 
bott, D.D., of Cambridge, Mass. Dr. Abbott also gener- 
ously donated the few remaining copies of a book prepared 
some years since entitled " A Brief Memorial of the Rev. 
G. D. and Mrs. R. S. Abbot," which were speedily sold. 

The fund, including $400, in pledges not yet paid, stands 
on the books, at $7,157.23 leaving $842.77 still to be raised 
to complete the scholarship. Fifty-one subscriptions re- 
ceived since the Treasurer's report of November tenth, 
Nineteen Hundred, show that interest is not waning, and 
bring the total number of subscriptions to date to two hun- 
dred seventy-eight. 

At the close of the reunion there was an hour spent in 
social enjoyment. 

The Music was of a high order, and was furnished by 
Mademoiselle Van den Hende, the noted 'Cellist, and by a 
charming young Swedish vocalist, under the generous 
patronage of Mrs. Moses Hopkins and Mrs. Arthur T. Sul- 
livan. 



104 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

VI. 

A distinguished company of friends, numbering between 
four and five hundred in all, responded to the invitation of 
the Abbot Memorial Committee to the Presentation Re- 
union, held at The Manhattan on Wednesday afternoon, 
December eighteenth, Eighteen Hundred Ninety-one, 

The audience was representative, and as such worthy of 
the occasion. Ladies and gentlemen prominent in educa- 
tional, philanthropic, and professional circles, social leaders 
in what represents New York's best society, clergymen, 
college presidents, naval officers, lawyers, editors, bankers 
and business men, mingled with the noble women who, as 
daughters of the Abbot Schools, had met to honor the 
memories of Rev. Gorham D. Abbot and his wife, by the 
foundation of a scholarship in Vassar College that should 
bear their names. 

After a social reception, in which a charming program of 
music was furnished by the Landor Orchestra, the meeting 
was called to order by the Chairman of the Business Com- 
mittee, Mrs. Melville Emory Mead, who gave a brief history 
of the movement to secure a scholarship fund and of the con- 
ditions on which the scholarship is based. These condi- 
tions were stated to be as follows: 

The Gorham D. and Rebecca S. Abbot Memorial Scholar- 
ship is deeded to the Trustees of Vassar College absolutely 
and forever, with the following limitations: 

The award of this Scholarship is absolutely conditioned 
upon good standing in College. 

The Scholarship shall be opened to all suitable candidates, 
but in its award, other things being equal, preference shall 
be given to a descendent of an alumna of the Spingler or 
Abbot Collegiate Institutes. 

In case there are two or more candidates, the decision 



' ' The Tie that 'Binds. " 105 

shall be left to the Trustees of the College, and if there are 
no such applicants, the scholarship is to be used as the 
President shall direct. 

Introducing Rev. Edward Abbott, D.D., of Cambridge, 
Mass., Mrs. Mead said: 

"The Abbot Memorial Committee feels honored in 
placing the deed of this Scholarship in the hands of one 
who, by ties of kindred represents to us the noble man 
whose name he bears, and whom we alike honor and revere. 
To transmit this gift from your Committee to the splendid 
College of which it will be henceforth a part. Dr. Abbott 
has come to-day, as he has done before, to render aid to 
our cause, and 1 pass to him, in your name, your gift of 
love, of remembrance, and of trust." 

With these words the Chairman handed to Dr. Abbott 
the draft for eight thousand dollars made payable to the 
Treasurer of Vassar College. Dr. Abbott responded in an 
eloquent address, assuring the audience of the pleasure it 
gave him to be present and to partake in such important 
an occasion. He said : 

"The feelings represented this afternoon are half a cen- 
tury old, and it is remarkable that grateful recollections 
should so survive the many changes that come with the 
lapse of years. 

Were Dr. Gorham D. Abbott alive to-day he would be 
ninety-three years old. What Mrs. Abbot's age would be 
it would not be proper, perhaps, for me to state. This cir- 
cumstance of age is of interest, as illustrating the dura- 
bility and tenacity of mental impressions. Half a century 
has passed since the attachments were formed which find 
their consummating expression this afternoon. How many 
joys, how many sorrows, how many trials, have overlaid 
those earlier impressions, and yet, as we turn back the 



io6 The Abbot Memorial ^ook. 

pages of the book of recollection, the memories of those 
whom we now meet to honor seem as clear and as vivid as 
when we knew them. It is one of the remarkable features 
of this occasion that the grateful recollections of the pupils 
of Dr. and Mrs. Abbot should have so long survived the 
changes of this mortal life. It is a striking testimonial to 
the worth of their characters, the value of their services, 
and the reverent affection in which their memories are held. 

Dr. Abbot was one of five sons of a plain New England 
yeoman. All these five sons graduated at Bowdoin Col- 
lege, all prepared for the ministry at Andover Seminary, all 
became ministers, all became successful teachers, and all but 
one left names upon their title pages of American literature. 
Their associations in these lines of usefulness, no less than 
their individualities, furnish an impressive instance of 
hereditary endowment and development. 

In their early manhood three of the brothers, namely, 
Jacob, John S. C. and Gorham, were so much alike in their 
outward presentment, that it was sometimes difficult for 
those who were not familiar with them to distinguish them 
apart. But by those who knew them intimately the dif- 
ferentiations in their characters were easily m.ade. Those 
differentiations were once expressed in the following words : 
'Jacob for counsel, John for a speech, and Gorham for a 
prayer.' How apt that characterization is will be quickly 
recognized by some here present this afternoon, whose 
privilege it was to know these brothers and see them to- 
gether side by side. 

Dr. Gorham D. Abbot was, first, the pastor of a Presby- 
terian church at New Rochelle; second, the organizing 
secretary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowl- 
edge. In this capacity he travelled extensively on horse- 
back through the Southern states, at a time when such 



" The Tie that 'Binds. " 1 07 

an expedition was a considerable achievement, visiting the 
mountaineers and the plantations, and accumulating a great 
fund of information regarding schools, churches, and social 
conditions and needs. The journals and letters containing 
these data are extant. Later Dr. Abbot became associ- 
ated v/ith his brothers in founding a school, in New^ York 
City, for the higher education of young women, out of 
which grew the Spingler Institute, and later the Abbot Col- 
legiate Institution, with which his name and Mrs. Abbot's 
have become inseparably identified. This enterprise, let it 
be remembered, long antedated the great colleges for 
women which are now such palpable realities: Vassar, 
Smith, Wellesley, Radcliffe, and Bryn Mawr had not even 
been dreamed of then. There is in my possession a letter 
from Dr. Howard Crosby, widely known throughout this 
land as the former Chancellor of the New York University, 
preeminent as a scholar, theologian, and educator, in which, 
under date of i860, he says: 'I know of no school but the 
Spingler Institute, where the true idea of female education is 
appreciated, and women regarded as something better than 
cooks or playthings.' The part which Dr. Abbot took in 
the inception'Of Vassar College is now a matter of acknowl- 
edged though unwritten history. It is not too much to say 
that he was one of the founders of higher education for 
women in this country. 

In that volume of my family memorials which is devoted 
to Dr. Gorham Abbot, there is the manuscript chart of a 
' phrenological survey' of Dr. and Mrs. Abbot. The hand- 
writing is strange and the authorship is unknown, but at 
some time or other, for amusement probably, their ' heads 
were examined,' as the phrase went, and their characters 
mapped out, his on one page and hers on another. What- 
ever one may think of the ' science ' of phrenology, so 



io8 The Abbot Memorial ^ook. 

called, the lists on this chart are not without interest. It is 
to be noticed that among the traits set down are ' ideality,' 
'order,' ' concentrativeness,' and 'hope,' which are des- 
cribed as 'large," while the traits that are ' very large ' are 
' benevolence ' and ' veneration.' I see in the faces of some 
before me a confirmatory response to the accuracy of this 
delineation. Dr. Abbot tt'as a man of visions, of system, 
of concentration of purpose, and of indomitable hopeful- 
ness; but over all these subordinate traits, like the dome 
above the temple, rose the benevolence of his disposition 
and his veneration for all things good and true. Dr. Abbot 
u-as visionary, but if there were no men to dream dreams 
and see visions, where would the world have been, and 
where would the future be ? He was a pioneer, and it is 
very striking to reflect how many great movements of the 
present day were anticipated in his eager enthusiasm and 
sanguine forecast, and how much his mind occupied itself 
with schemes and enterprises which at the time seemed 
' visionary ' indeed, but which have now become p.mong 
the accepted realities of history. We have just passed 
through a great wave of popular admiration for Queen 
Victoria and England; in i860, when to do so was a most 
unpopular act. Dr. Abbot had the courage to speak a word 
of public American hospitality towards the Prince of Wales, 
whose visit to this country was then anticipated. We are 
living in times when Sons and Daughters of the Revolution 
and other patriotic organizations are both exhibiting and 
stimulating the love of country and a veneration for the 
Father of their Country's memory; Dr. Abbot, before the 
Civil War, had conceived and planned a series of Washing- 
ton Tableaux which struck a new note of patriotic fervor 
at a time when it was needed. One of the great interests 
of the hour, judging from the commotion in Wall Street, is 



"The Tie that 'Binds." 109 

copper; Dr. Abbot was one of the earliest to foresee the 
place of copper in coming industrial economy, and he 
planned for the development of the industry. We should 
find it very hard to get along without hard rubber in all 
sorts of ways and for all sorts of uses; Dr. Abbot had a 
part that few of you know in the development of that 
commodity as an article of modern use. At this very hour 
a Pan-American Congress in the Central American States is 
opening the way for an immense extension of commerce 
and trade between the two continents of the Western 
Hemisphere; Dr. Abbot was one of the first to see the po- 
litical relations of the Republic of Mexico, and one of the 
first contributions to the literature of the subject is his vol- 
ume on ' Mexico and the United States.' The first important 
act of Congress this winter has been the initiatory step to- 
ward the building of an inter-oceanic canal; years ago Dr. 
Abbot was flying back and forth between New York and 
Washington in consultation with representatives, senators, 
cabinet officials, and even the President himself, in behalf 
of what was then deemed the wildest of schemes, that of a 
canal across the American Isthmus. His relation to the 
great enginery of modern education for women has already 
been pointed out. With all his wonderful acquaintance 
with and interest in applied sciences, and his well known 
intimate relations with Professor S. F. B. Morse, the father 
of the modern telegraph, what would he have said if he 
could have lived to see Marconi standing on the soil of New- 
foundland and receiving despatches by wireless telegraphy 
across the great wide sea! It is no undeserved tribute that 
you are paying to the memory of this man to-day. 

And what shall I say in conclusion of that saintly, queenly 
woman — wife and mother — who stood by this man through 
all the years of his planning and hoping, cheering him when 



1 10 The Abbot Memorial 'Book. 

he was discouraged, restraining him when he was impru- 
dent, guiding him with her counsel, supplementing him 
with her gentle arts, and stamping the impress of her 
unique personality upon the hundreds of young women 
who passed under their united fostering care. No words 
that I can say to-day could add force to what I tried to say 
when last it was my pleasure and privilege to meet you, in 
extolling the memory of that remarkable and gifted woman. 

Mrs. President, and ladies, Alumnse of the Spingler 
Institute, I thank you for the distinguished honor and 
the grateful privilege which you have afforded me in mak- 
ing me the medium of the conveyance of the deed of trust 
of the Abbot Memorial Scholarship at Vassar College; and 
to you, sir, the President of that Institution, I now, in 
discharge of my sacrad and grateful duty, hand this deed." 

President Taylor's response in acceptance of the memo- 
rial was marked by deep feeling. He spoke very tenderly 
of Mr. Abbot, the knowledge of whose work had come to 
him through his sympathy with the aims and hopes of the 
Abbot Memorial Committee. From an acquaintance with 
the nephews he had grown to feel himself in sympathy 
with this grand pioneer in the work of higher education for 
women, and to feel the inspiration of his own lofty ideals. 

It was a happy thought to commemorate the work of 
such a man, not in brass or marble, or in things that must 
crumble with time, but in that field of endeavor to which 
in life he had dedicated himself; the continued education 
of girls, along lines he had marked out for girls who should 
thus be trained through the ages to do a similar work. 
" You have prepared here a fruitful monument whose top 
stone will not have been laid until education is at an end in 
this country. You have erected a monument to yourselves, 
in doing for the girls of the future what has been done for 



'" The Tie that ^inds. " 1 1 1 

you. You have prepared not a cold, dead memorial but a 
living one that shall go on for all time." 

Mrs. Mead spoke of the suggestion that had been made 
for the organization of an Abbot Alumnse Association. By 
unanimous vote it was decided to form such an association, 
which should include all students, whether graduates or 
not, of the Abbot Schools, with their children and grand- 
children. 

Miss Helen Ludlow, the accomplished and brilliant editor 
of The Southern IVorkmaii, who has been so long con- 
nected with the Hampton Institute, was introduced and 
made a very telling speech. She urged the importance of 
conserving the dynamic force called into being by the work 
of the Abbot Committee, and submitted the possibilities 
for effort in the New Educational Society at the South, 
which is devoted to the education of the white population, 
in the public and rural schools. This Society had been or- 
ganized largely through the efforts of Dr. Edward Abbott 
at one of the Lake Mohonk Conferences, and its plan of 
work was so elastic as to present an unusual opportunity 
for usefulness. 

At the conclusion of Miss Ludlow's remarks which 
were enthusiastically received. Dr. Abbott rose, watch in 
hand, to give three more minutes before he should take the 
train for Boston, to a resume'^of Miss Ludlow's proposi- 
tions, which he said was of peculiar appropriateness be- 
cause of Dr. Gorham Abbott's interest in the promotion of 
education at the South. 

After the conclusion of the formal program, the time 
was given to social pleasure. Tea was served, and with 
delicious music and cheerful converse the afternoon brought 
to a close the work for the Abbot Memorial Scholarship. 



The Secretary of the Abbot Memorial Committee will be 
happy to respond to any inquiries from those desiring in- 
formation of friends and former pupils in the Abbot Schools, 
whose names may be upon her records. 
Letters should be 

addressed to Miss G. F. McNa.mee, 

2 1 2 West Eighty-fifth Sfeet, 

New York Citv. 



THE NEW 

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