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BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

ENGLAND, 

PROM EOBEHT THB ORKAT TO THE 



I 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 
ENGLAND, 

.jFrom asgliert t^t CSrcat to tt^e Utbolutionx 



CHARACTERS DISPOSED IN DIFFERENT CLASSES, 
JHBTBODICAL CATALOGUE OF ENGRAVED BRITISH HEADS t 



A VARIETY OF ANECDOTES. 

■MEMOIRS OF A GREAT NUMBER OF PERSONS, 

WITH A PREFACE, 

•aeWINQ TBB UTILITY 
DEFECT, AN 



BY THE REV. J. GRANGER, 



AniiDiini piotnri |iUoil 



FIFTH EDITION. 






IN SIX VOLUMF.S: 

VOL. II. 

LONDON: 
PRINTED FOR WILLIAM BAYNE8 AND SON, 







1% 



1- 

■ V 



Frioted by J. F. Dot£, St John's Square. 



\ \ 



I ; 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



HISTORY OF ENGLAND 





JAMES I. 

BEGAN His R£lOtf tHE 24tH OF MARCH, 1602-3. 



CLASS I. 

I 

TH^E BPYAL FAMILY. 

JACOBUS I. &c. Vandyckp. ab originali minutd* 
facta per Fra. Hilyard, 1617. Smith / 1721 ; h. sh. 

Jacobus I. &c, A copy of the above prints hy Faber; 
h. sh. mezz. 

JaCobcs, &c, I^om apaintk^ofVandyck ; Vertue sc. 



\, 



At Hampton-court are whole length portraits of Jamea I. the 
Queen of Bohemia^ and Prince Henry, by Vandyck, from originals 
fcneinthisTi^ign. ^'e last has great merit 

James I. &c. Van Somer p. Vertue sc. From an 
original at Hmnpton-cowrt. Engraved for Rapin's 

" History r fol. 

* SirAnt Weldim.nlGtotiia^ that JiUnes coald sot be jpreTailed onto sit for bis 
picture.—" Court and Character of K. James," p. 177. 
VOL. II. B 



4 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

James L holding a sword andglobe, which he rests a 
a cushion; Ato. 

Jacobus^ &c. in armoury over which is an erminci 
robe ; battle at a distance; 4to. 

Jam£s I. together with King David, supporting tk 
Hook of Psalms ; neat whole lengths, in MarshaTs best 
manner y \2mo. Frontispiece to the King's Translation of 
the Psalms. 

It 18 obvious to remark bere^ tbat James was sarcastically called 
Solomon^ the son of David, by Henry IV. of France. 

Jame^ I. and his Queen : the king is in armour. 
the queen, in a ruff and farthingale, very neatly en- 
graved; whole lengths; h. sh. 

James THE First, and his Queen Anne of Den- 
mark ; whole lengths, in the same print y Renold Elstracke 
sculp, small half -sheet, extremely rare. 

Jacobus et Anna, &c, Elstracke sc. neat : in the 
engraved title to ** Basiologia,' a set of our kings pub- 
lished by Holland, 1618. — ^The Portraits of James 
and Anne were erazed, and those of Charles I. and 
Henrietta Maria inserted for a second edition of the 
work. 

Jacobus et Anna, &c. whole lengths, under two 
arches y with a genealogy of their family. 

. Ja^qbus et Anna; w«r whole lengths; a helmet 
an the ground; eight Latin verses; h. sh. 

Jambs I. and his son Prince Henry; with the 
genealogy of the Stuarts at the top; h. sh. 

James I. and his son Prince Henry, on horseback;- 
the horses richly caparisoned ; sh. scarce. 



07 EMQLAND. (f= 

Jame» I. sitting, crtrntned, Mdk^agwbrdtmdgkAe. 

Pmu Ckarkg ^and$ 6^01^ kirn, withajktther itt kit 

[ 10 hand, Et^Bsk vt^te* at boOom ; 1821. W.Pasi 

fpunmt Sg 9e!iJine;Jirtt tUtte ; it was aftenoari lettered. 

Jacobus, ftc. Smith f^ vo. mezz. 
Jacobus^ &c. Sbmmf., h. sh. mezz. 
Jacobs 8, ftc. PeOumif. mezz. 
Jacobus, &c. M. Vandergucht sc. %w. 

hwM premier, &c. P. Gumt sc. h. sh. 
Jacq8U8, ftc. P. a GunH ic. large h. sh. 
Jaii£s£ inana^i 6v(i.J. LmmveUL 

huMf^Tj^.Jhc^ Latin perses; sold m Lambard-stre^i 
in John BasweU: C. Galk. 

: : James I. in an oval, supported by a lion and dragon; 
"j fix Latin verses. C. Pass ; scarce. 

1:' James I. oval ; hat and feather ; fol. Pass ; in 
i\ Meteran^s *' History of the Low Countries.'' 

I James I. oval; four Latin verses, 6vo. F. Delaram. 

James I. richly dressed, sceptre in his right Hand ; 
/o/ib; Lau. Johnson; rare. 

James I. small whole lengthy in his robeSy trampling 
on the Pope ; six verses, " Although the Pope by force 
the upper hand,** <§*c. wood-cut; in Williamson's " Sivord 
of the Spirit /* rare. 

James I. on horseback; view of London; mezz. 
C. Turner. 

VOL. II. C 



6 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

. Jacobus, &c. crowned ;^word in one handjinthe 
other a globe ; si.v English verses, ^* Behold Great 
Britaine^Sj' 8^0. Sold by Roger Daniell, 1621.. 

* Jaques I. roy d'Angleterre, &c. four French verses, 
** Un seul Peintrey'\8sc. Thomas de Leu fecit. 

« > - . ■ » 

Prince James, &c. richly dressed ; hat and feather; 
arms in one corner; Laurence Johnson sculp. 1603; 
large half sheet; scarce. Copy of the above sold'iy 
S. Woodburn. 



HISTORICAL PRINTS. 

JAMES I. joining the hands of the Kings of Sweden 
and Denmark.; a wood print; in the title to the " Jojjful 
Peace concluded between the King of Denmark and the 
King of Sweden, by means of James j*' 8fc. 1613. 

James I. sitting in parliament. Elstracke sc. In 
'* Time's Store-house ;^ foL 1619. 

James L sitting in parliament. Cockson sc. 

James I. sitting in parliament; Lord Bacon, the 
chancellor, standing on his right hand, and Henry Mon- 
tague, lord-treasurer, on his left; beneath the latter sits 
Prince Charles. The portrait in the herald's coat is Sir 
Wm. Segar: above are the king's arms, and the arms of 
the English and Scottish nobility ; large sh. engraved by 
Elstracke ; rare and curious. 

Jam£3 I. on his death-bed, with Dr. Lamb, S^c. 
the collection of Mr. Beckford. W. Hollar. 

. Ja;MEs I. ditto; copy from the above. 

The apotheosis of James 1. It is in the ceiling of 



OF ENGLAND. 

e Banqueting Home at Whitehall, and is «, 
iree sheets by Gribelin, after Rubens. 

The love of peace seems to have been the ruling 
lunes 1.* To this he sacrificed almost every princip ^ 

olicy. He was eminently learned, especially in divinil s 

fitter qualified to fill a professor's chair, than a throne. sne- 

iDlalive notions of regal power were as absolute as 1 
astern monarch ; but he wanted tJiat vigour and firmn 
rhich was necessary to reduce t' jim-i" "lis tuuaci 

>f his own weakness in tlie ew "on wl his prerogative, dre^^ 
lim this confession; "That tl ""■'> a king in ahgtracto 
power, a king in concrelo was bi to observe the laws if the 

country which he governed." B\it if" all restraints on his prero- 
gative had been taken ofi", and he could have been in reality that 
abstracted king which he had formed in his imagination, he pos- 
seised too much good-nature to have been a tyrant. See Glass IX. 

ANNE of Denmark, queen of King James I. 
C.Johnson p. At Somerset House ; lUust. Head. 

* He ii aaid to have been painled abroad wilh a scabbard witbout a sword, aod 
'lib 1 twocd *bich nobody coald draw, tbough several were pnUiag at it.t Sir 
KtDclm Digby iiDpatra tbe strong BTersioii Jamei bad to a-drawn sword to (he 
irigblbUmotberwaH iti, during her pregnancj, at tbeaigbt of tbe swords wUb wh^cb 
Dtitd Bimo, ber secretary, was assaaaiaated in her presence. " Hence it came," 
■JI Sua author. " that h^ ion. King JameSt bad sacb an aveision, all hi; life- 
Sm, Id a naked sword ; that be could not see one wilbout a great emotion of tbe 
■piriu, allhougb otherwise courageoui enough ; ^et be could not overmaslei hli 
pWMna in, this particular. I remember, when be dubbed me knight, in the cere- 
■mjof patdngihe point of a naked sword upon m; shoulder, be could not endure 
toWnpon it, bottnmed his face another waj; iniomucb that, in iiea of touching 
Bj ibonlder, be bad almost'tbrusl the point into my eyes, bad not the Duke of 
Svckingbam guided bis band arigbt."t I shall only add to what Sir Kenelm baa 
"tuoveil, that James discoyeied so many marks of pusillanimity, when the sword 
■u»l a distance from him, that itij needless, in ^ii case, to allege that animpres- 
WBwas made upon his tender frame before he saw tbe light. Sir Kenelra loigbt 
"■'II luve told us, that it was owing to as early a sympathetic impresuon (hat 
topiince was so great ap admirer of handsome men. Sir Anthony Weldon lays, 
Il>i1"henauirally loved not the sight of a soldier, nor any valiant man." 

tWiUoa's "Life of James 1." 

I Digbj'," Diacourse of tbe Powder of Sympathy," p. lot, 105. edit. 16SB. 






« BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

*^ Awia, daughter to th^ nqbU ponoe of wortbie m^mom^ Ff^ 
derik the II. king of Denmark, &c. marijt unto James the sext» 
the yeir of Christ 1590 ; who hath horn unto him alreadie fyve 
children befi>ir mentioned. The Lord in mercie Indevy thame and 
their posterities, i^ith sick measure of his grace, that not onUe Ae 
kirk of Christ, in thair dominions, but also in whole Europe, imf 
find ablessinge in their hs^^ne government: Amen/' 4to, }603. 

Anna^ Frederici II. X)apor^m Regi* FiJ», 
Jaicobi YI. Scotorum, Anglorum primi electi Regis 
uxor; lectissima heroina ; 4to. 

Ann4, &c. in a square figged ruff. C^ispm ^ 
Foisf. 1604; Qvb. 

Anne, &c. Simon Passceus sc. On horseffuch: vkf 
qf Win^or Cflstk; h. sh.four English vers^; ran* 

Anna, &c. S. Fassaus sc. 1617 ; 4to. 

Anna, &c. S. F.fe. A crown over her head^jew^ 
in her hair. 

This print, which is a small oval, is from a silver plate in the 
Ashmolean Museun^. A few proofs only were wrought off, I9 
order of the Reverend Mr. Huddesford, the late worthy keeper, r 
which he presented to his friends. ^ 

Anna, &c. a woodpri$U ; her name is in a semicirck ^ 
above the head; \2mo. ^ 

Anna, Prederici Danorum regis fiiia, &c. 4to. 

A^n of Denmark, &c. Stent; h*sh. 

Anne of Denmark, richly dressed; sold by WUHatn 
Sbermny mezz. h. sh. - 

I 

Anne of Qeomark; a monumental ^gy, lyk^ (mA « 
tomb^ in her royal robes: her head rests on a sqtMt )^ 
stone, inscribed " Jacob's Stone{ alluding to his areofk i? 
of the ladder ; various emblems ; Latin and English ^ 
verses^ ; sold by Qeo. Humbk ; ra{r^ and curious- ij 



OP fiVGLAVlX 9 

Aw^i s9 m mat; naomid libf at ihewrmrs; sis 
atm.vgrjM ; €. Pa$9; icfirce. 

AxriTA, Ac. m a rkh drea, large fiath^ fun in her 
ft hand; sixteen EngUsh verses, *^ Theetoifunte,"* Sfc. 
name of engrq,v^^ <§%?* smfil^ sheet ; rare. 

Aijri^jE OF P£^:|C4ltK» queeQ of James V{, Habertssc. 
w. In Pinkerton^s ^' Iconographia Sct^icUt^ 

Anniu qaeen of James I. was the daughter of Frederic II. kbg of 
>eiuiiarK and Norway. In October, 1589, James proceeded himself 
I qvesl of his faride, as his g^andfadier James V. had set an ex- 
mpk of this gallantry. They were married in DeQ^nark; imd ^kjxi^ 
ras crowned in the ensuing spring. — ^The character of Anne of 
>eBaark was the revme of her countrywoman, Margaret, wife of 
fwset ni. iMnoTOBs, boldy intrif^g, impsessed widi little ravia- 
ence for her hpsband's spirit, or abilities for gorenupent, she wias 
mmersed in politics, though her supreme cunning have veiled her 
■sm historieal obsenratton. That, in p^utioiAar, she had no small 
ihlif In the Gowrie popfii^W^Tf Vt* fi^keifon haii e^ie^ifoixf^ to 
ihew, in a short tract on that embroiled subject ; in which he hints 
hat the main actor, Gowrie*s brother, was a paramour 'of Anne, 
hat she highly offended James by her continued favour to the for- 
eited fiunily ; that the Earl of Gowrie himself appears to have been 
mtirely innocent, and that Anne's ambition might conspire with 
ler lover's infatuation, to imprison her husband, and rival Elizabeth 
n female sovereignty. Had th^ lover be^n ft man of ability, had 
tiot his mind been almost distracted with the weight of the enter- 
;>ri8e, another example might have been added to those in ancient 
Mid modem history, of imperious queens who have imprisoned or 
murdered their husbands. 

At St John's College, Cambridge, in the master's lodge, is a 
[)ortrait of her, with the hair in much the same form as it was worn 
n the year 1770. 

Though the portrait of Anne of Denmark be among the heads of 
Uastrious persons, she was only illustrious as she was a queen, 
(here was nothing above mediocrity in any circumstance of her 
haracter. Ob. 1 Mar. 1618-19. 

HENRY, prinpe of Wales, eldest son of King 



10 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

James I. G* Vertue sc. From u curious limning^ bj/ 
Isaac Oliver y in the collection of R. Mead, M. D. ^ 

Henry, prince of Wales. J. Oliver p. J, Hon- 
broken sc. In the collection of Dr. Mead; Illust. HeaL 

Henricus princeps. C.Johnson p. Gribelin sc: 

Prince Henry. Elstracke sc. whole length ;- hatady 
feather on a table by him ; 4to. 

Henricus princeps. Crispin van de Pass esc, 8m 

Henricus princeps, with his genealogy ; a si 
head. Crispin Pass sc. ' ' 

Henricus princeps, in armoury cvercising with^ 
lance; a whole length. S. Passatis sc. 1612 ; A. si 
The original print. 

Henricus princeps, exercising with a lance; % 
Hole sc. copied from Pass : there is another copy in the ■ 
'* Heroologia ;"* ^vo. and a third in 4to. 

He was employed in this exercise when the French ambassadoCjm 
came to take his leave of him, and asked him if he had any com- 
mands to France : " Tell your master, said the prince, how you left 
me engaged." 

Henricus princeps Walliae ; a head, in the " Hem^^ 
logia;' %vo. 

Henry; prince^ &c. ; sold in Lombard-street^ by 
Henry Balaam; 4to. 



* Hugh Holland, a stationerf in London, was author of the *' Heroologia." The | 
portraits in it» which are genuine and neatly executed, were engraved in this reign, 
by Crispin Pass, and his sister Magdalen. See the commendatory verses before , 
the book, which is a small folio. 4 

■■ ;l 

t Qy. if a stationer? He was bred at Westminster school, ander Ciamden; an^^ 
from thence elected fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Fuller says, he was aa -j 
excellent Latin, and a good English poet. See Wood's^" Atben. Oxon." 



OF ENGLAND. ' ':- 

iNRY, prince, &c. in a cloak and trunk b\ 
n Pope's Head Allty ; h. sh. scarce. 
F.xRicus princeps, J^. Dela/am sc. 4lo. 
ENRicus princeps. C. Bod f. P. de Jode crc. 
; ornaments; h. sft. 

jace Henry. W. Holesc. whole length. ■ 

ENRicus princeps ; in the same plate with the 
■.other princes who died young ; namely, Edward VI. 
ry, duke of Gloucester, brother to Charles II. and 

duke of Gloucester, son of the Prince and Princess 

Denmark. S. Gi'ibeim sc. h. sh. 

nee Henry's portrait, by Van Somer, is at Hamplan-court 

ENRY, prince, with Lord Harrington, slaying a 

. Clamp sc. 

SNKY,^nnc&; whole length. Hind. 

[ENRY, prince; i?i an oval, supported by a lion and 

',on; si> Latin verses. C. Pass. 

[enry, pfmce; lying in state. W. Hole. 

^ENRY, prince, &c. W. Holl sc. From the original 

■fytens, in the collection of his Grace the Duke of 

set ; in Lodge's " Portraits of Illustrious Persons.^' 

ENRY, &c. in armour, exercisir^ with a lance ; 

z. R. Dunkarton. 

ENRY, &c. exercising with a lance; 8w), W. Mar- 

( sc. scarce. 

ms, literature, and business, engaged the attention of this ex- 
it young prince, who seems to have had neither leisure nor 
ation for the pursuits of vice or pleasure. The dignity of his 
iour, and his manly virtues, were respected by every rank 
)rder of men. Though he was snatched away in the early 
of life, he had the felicity to die in the height of his populari^ 



12 BIOORAPNICAL HISTORY 

andibne, and before he had ezperieaced Btky of the miseries 
awaited the royal family. It is remarkable, that the kin 
thought himself eclipsed by the splendour of his character, c 
that no mouming should be worn for him.* Ob. 6 Nov 
^t. 18. 

« 

CHARLES, by the grace of God, prince of \^ 
duke of Cornwall, &e* view of Richmond Palace 
background; W. Hollar, but without his name; s^ 

Charles ; an awl, with order of the Garter , i 
Stqjporting the crown, and rhotto^ '^ Ich dien i' at I 
the amis of England ; Latin inscription, Jollain ifi 
scarce. 

Charles," prince. Simon Passceus delin. et . 
Compton Holland ere. 

Charles, prince, &c. in a hat; small square. (1 

Charles, prince, on horseback; m^ezz. C. Tu 

Charles, prince of Wales. R, E. (Renal 
stracke) sc. whole length ; in armour ; 9fVo. 

Carolus princeps, &c. Fr. Delaram sc. on ) 
back; Richmond at a distance ; h. sh. 

Charles^ prince of Wales. F. Delaram sc. 
Carolus princeps. Crisp, de Pass exc. 4to. 



* So says Rapin ; but when the Princess Elizabeth ** was espoused to th 
Palatine of the Rhine, which was a few weeks after th^ death of Prince He 
appeared in a black velvet gown ; which, Mr. Anstis doubts not, was 
moaming for Prince Henry. On the 14th of February following, at her w 
thi king was in a most stunptubnt black suit, which, Mr. Anstis suppo: 
worn u monniing for the prince." See MisceUaneons Pieces at the end of 
cond edition of Lelaad's " CoUeetanea," vol. v. 4). 3S0, 534, and compare 
sages with Neale's « History of the Puritans," ii. p. 101. In Birch's '' H 
View of the Negotiations between England^ France, and Brussels,'' p. 2: 
sM, that James ** would not suffer his subjects to wear mouming for the d 
qjbeeA.^ fitdtie, posalKtly, A niisUe might larise widi regard to Prince Hen 



OF ENGLAND* i3 

Carolus princeps ; four Latin verses. Crispin de 
Pass sc. 8vo. 

Charles, prince, &c. Will. Pass sc. At the bottom 
are two soldiers presenting their muskets; Ato.^ 

Carolus princeps. Sim. Passf. l2mo. Over the 
dedication of James the First's Works in Latin, trans- 
lated hy Bishop Montague. 

Another, by the same hand, 8vo ; and a third, in the 
f^ of the Garter, 4to. 

Carolus prince de Galles ; ten French verses, Ato. 
uncommon. 

Prince Charles, and the Infanta, Donna Maria ; 
Christ joining their hands, 4to.t This has been mistaken 
\ for the Prince and Henrietta Maria. 

Prince Charles, and ^' Maria Henrietta, J with the 
arms and marriages past betwixt England and France;^' 
sheet. 

This prince» though possessed of many excellent quah ties, was 
never so popular as his brother. The king continued to call him 
" Baby Charles," from his infancy, even to the time of the marriage- 
treaty with France. In 1623, Charles, with more than Spanish 
gallantry, but less than Spanish prudence, went to Madrid to visit 
the infanta.^ Howel, in his " Letters," and Wilson, in his " Life 



* I have seen these figures in a bolder \vhich was engraved on a distinct plate, 
aid affixed to several prints. 

t This was (Nriginally the frontispiece to " The Spanish — English Rose ; or, the 
Engfish — Spanish Fomgranat;" a pamphlet by Michel du Val; written to reconi' 
Beod the match with Spain, and addressed to Coant Gondomar by the author, in 
i long dedication, filled with the most hyperbolical expressions of adulation and 
wvifity that are, perhaps, any where to be met with : indeed, the whole book is a 
coBplete extravagance, and a great curiosity of its kind. 

t See Orig. 

$ Sister of Philip IV. There are three prints of this princess, one by Crispin 
Pan, and two by Siipon. She afterward married the Emperor Ferdinand III. 

VOL. H. D 



14 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

«f James I.*' have given us an account of the prince's journey to 
Spain, of the tedious and tantalizing fonnalities daring the course of 
the treaty ; of the interview between these two great personages ; 
and several other curious and interesting particulars in relation to 
that romantic and mysterious affair. 

ELIZABETH, daughter to King James ; eight 
Latin, and as many English, verses, by John Davies^ 
C Boelfec. Sold by John Boswell; sheet ; scarce. 

The Lady Elizabeth, daughter of James L Dek* 
ram sc. 4to. Compton Holland exc. 

Elizabetha, Regina Bohemi8e. Crispin PasssCf 
Svo. four Latin verses. 

Elisabetha, &c- Crispinus Passfsus, junior^ sc, 
h. sh. 

Elisabetha, &c. high ruff, and a large rose on 
her shoulder, feather in her hair ; h. sh. uncommon, 
F. Brun. 

Elisabetha, &c. on horseback, the horse richly 
caparisoned; h. sh. scarce. 

Elisabetha, &c. Crisp. Queborinus sc. 1662; 8w. 

The Princess Elisabetha, queen of Bohemia; 
a book in her left hand; sold by J. Balaam; large h. sh. 

Elisabe Serenissima Domina; under an archf 
half lengthy richly dressed ; four Latin lines. Crispin 
Pass Jig. sctdp, et exc* scarce. 

Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia. Bocquet sc. In 
Park's " Royal and Noble Authors ;" %vo. 1806. 

Elizabeth, princess Palatine; with a Latin d^ \ 



OF ENGLAND. 15 

ntion to James I. Mireveldius * p. Boctltkis Bolsuer- 
tus sc. 1615; sh.foie. 

. Elizabeth reine de Boheme. Vamkr Werff p. 
P. a Gunst sc. k. sh. 

Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia. Father f. Ato. See 
fte next reign. 

At Combe Abbey, in Warwickshire, the scat of Lord Craven, are 
Oe portraits of the Queen of Bi i and all her children. 

This amiable princess, who nly a phantom of royalty, and' 

bad noHiing more than the empt :itle of queen, bore her misfor- 
taiea with decency, and even maguanimity. So eoga^ng was her 
l)eliaviour, that she was, in the Low Countries, called the " Queen 
»f Hearts," When her fortunes were at the lowest ebb, she never 
ideparted from her dignity ; and poverty and distress |- seemed to 
lave no other effect upon her, but to render her more an object of 
|«dmiraiion than she was before. 

CHARLES, second son of the elector Palatine ; 
«imfaat; sdld by Jenaer; small 4to. See the next 
leign. Class I. 

Princeps RUPERTUS ; a child, in an oval, encom- 
faued loiib scroll^ i 4to. 

Prince ttup^Kx, or Robert ; a child, with a jewel at 
hit breast; oval; 4to. 

ELIZABETH, priiicessaP^atina,a«a regis Bohe- 
fliisc ; A child; the four seasons in the ornantents; staaU 
k.sh. 



■ Ot MiooTeldiDs. 

t Povert;, especially in (iii il |iiiiiifgiii mil )[ii W Tlinnrlm Im r-ri hiii II 
nbfcct of ridieale to men of nlgw undentuidlng). Arthur Wllioti tell* us, tbM 
■ Id Antwerp, they pictored the Queen of Bohemia like a poor Iriib niaiiUer. with 
tar imt bu^iii^ about icr taa, and bti duld at her back ; with the hui( 4wr fa*et 
BHij^ tbe cradle (Act ber." 



16 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

That pre^ancy of genius^ by which the Princess Elizabeth ^ 
so eminently distinguished, was conspicuous at this early period 
her life. She was one of the most extraordinary children^ as { 
was afterward one of the most illustrious women, of her age. ^ 
the next reign. 



FAMILY PIECES. 

JAMES I. his Queen, and Prince Henry; a srm 
oval, two inches f , by one inch f : from a silver plate 
the Ashmolean Museum. It was engraved by one oft 
family of Pass^ probably by Simon. But few proc 
have been taken from this curious plate. 

Progenies Jacobi et Ann^, R. R. Mag. Brit.v- 
Henrictcs, CaroluSy Elizabetha, Maria^ ^ Sophia, 
eddem tabuld^ progenies R. R. Bohemite. 1 . Frederic 
2. Carolus ; 3. Elizabetha; 4. Robertus;^ 5. Mam 
tius; 6. Lovisa Hollandina; 7. Ludovicus. Will. Pi 
scBus sc. 1621 ; large h. sh. scarce. 

In the family of James I. there is no portrait of Robert, t 
king's second son, nor any of the Princess Margaret, who di 
before Mary and Sophia. These two last princesses are represent 
as very young, leaning on death's heads, with palms in their hani 
It is probable, that there were no originals of the other two to ( 
grave from. 

The progenie of the renowned Prince James, & 
This print J \ which is similar to the nejct above y teas e 
graved by George Mountaine. 

James I. with his Queen, standing in niches; vi 
nette of Prince Henry ^Sgc. scarce. 

• ** He was nam^d Rapert, In memory of Ropert the first emperor of the P 
tines." — Camden. 




OF ENGLAND. 



i 



James I. and Queen, in tioo ovals. Joining hands ; 
vith portraits of the Kings from William the Conqueror ,- 
<vals;rare. 

Ann of Denmark, with Prince Charles and Prin- 
cess Elizabeth; small oval,from a silver plate. S. Passsc. 
Companion to James, queen, i^c. 

Progenies Jacobi et Ann^, &c. mezz. C. Turner. 

James I. and his Family ; in a square, within a 
fyramidal triangle, supported by Christ; " Vox Dei" 
ot the top; in the manner of Pass ; Ato. It appears to be 
a compatiion to the next, engraved in the same manner* 

James I. on his throne; Prince Charles presenting 
the King and Queen of Bohemia, in parlia?iie?it, to his 
father ; the people at the bottom, holding out their hands 
■and hearts; " Vo.v Regis" at the top.-\ 

James I. and his Family, kneeling at the topofa 
triumphal arch ; Guy Fawks, S^c. below ; in the manner 
of Simon Pass; sh. This curious print was done ii^ 
commemoration of the deliverance from the powder-plot. 

kt I shall hare'occaaioD hereafter to make particular meQdon of 
the Palatine family, I shall only observe here, that Frederic, the 
^Aut son of ' the King of Bohemia, returning with his father fcom 
Amsterdam to Utrecht, in the common passage-boat, the vessel 
overset, in a thick fc^ ; and the prince, clinging to the masti was 
«ntuigled in the tackling, and half drowned, and half frozen to death, 
lie kiifg, with some difficulty, saved his bfe by swimming. 

James \. sitting; Prince Charles and his sister 
ttanding ; nobles, S^c. 



a pamphlet, entitled " Vox Dei," 4fa 
• pampblel, entitled " Vox RegU," ' 



20 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

to the many discoveries be made^ of which he sent-him inteDigenoar^ 
0^.24May,1612.» 

THOMAS HOWARD, comes Suffolciae, & totius 
Angliae thesaurarius.. R. Elstracke sc. small Ato. 

Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolk. Bocquet sc. In, 
'' Royal and Noble Authors,'' by Park ; 1806. 

Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolk ; with autograph. 
Thane. 

See also Pine's Tapestry. 

* 

Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolk. J. Blood sc:^ 
From the original of Zucchero, in the collection of thei 
Right Honourable Thomas, earl of Carlisle, K. G.; in 
Mr. Lodge's ** Illustrious Portraits." 

Thomas Howard, earl of SuflTolk, was son of Thomas, fourtli 
duke of Norfolk ; by his second dutchess, Margaret, daughter ani 
heir of Thomas, lord Audley of Walden. He was one of the volu^ 
teers in the memorable engagement with the Spanish Armada in 
1588, and afterward in the expedition to Cadiz; on both wbidi 
occasions he gave signal proofs of his courage. He was, soon 
Cr. 1603. the accession of James, created earl of SuflPolk ; was afterward, 
constituted lord-chamberlain of the household, and in 1614 lord 
treasurer of England. In 1619 he was dismissed from his^offi 
and fined 30,000/. for taking bribes, and embezzling the king^s 
treasure ; crimes more imputable to bis countess than himself. His 
ruin was, with great probabihty, supposed to be involved with that 
of his son-in-law, the Earl of Somerset. Thomas Howard 



-* He built the magnificent house at Hatfield, where miich of the old farnitaTe »; 
preserved which was there in his lifetime. There may be seen his portrait, ani 
several of the lord-treasurer, his father ; one of which is in Mosaic. There is 
a portrait of the celebrated Laura, of whom Petrarch was enamoured, inscribed, 

'' Laura fui, viridem Raphael facit atque Petrarcha." 

There is a print of this lady in Thomasin's curious book, entitled, ^* Petrarcfaa 
rqdivivus^" . 



OB njj^t.ANi). ai 

||«Q»4 soil* was fhA fiist mdi oC Be^bhne of tliif fiuBdaj. CNr. S8 
ai^, 1626.* 

Sir HENRT MONTAGUE, one of die leading mcmben of Ihe 
fante of CoBimooB in tfaiireign; and lord chief-jaBticeof the King^s 
Bendi, was, by the intereat of die Countess of Buckingham, modiar 
^tiie duke, made iofd-*trea8iirer. His staff, which he was forced la Jte. 
sign in less than a yeisr, is said to have cost him 20,000/. He 
succeeded •by the moA of Middlesex, who was soon succeeded 
odiers. The Earl of Suffolk said to one of his friends, n that 
lie best wi^y toprf^nl dea^ was to get tp be lord-treasuier; for 
iione died in that oifice/' Tne head of Sir Henry Montague is in 
Ike class of lawyers. 

^ EDWARD SOMERSET, eari of Worcester, ftc. 
privy-seal. S. Pas$^ms sc. 1618 ; 4to. Sudbury 
fftmbfe; jcarfx. Shcfmd if^dtress soU ly WUUam 




Epir^p, eail of Wprci^ter, with qutogr(^h\ 

The Barl of Worcester was one of the most accomplished gen- o,. 15^ 
in the courts of Queen Elizabeth and James I. In his 
^oath, be was remarkable for his athletic constitution, and distin« 
(■ihad Umsdf by the manly exercises of riding and tilting, in 
%Udi he was perhaps superior to any of his contemporaries. In 
4e 4dd of Eliz. he was appointed master of the horse ; which office 
^ resigned in the Idth of James, and was made lord privy-seal. 
NOii 3 Mar. 1627-8. He was ancestor to the present Duke of 
Isaafort. 

* He biult tbe vast stmctiire called Andley Iini,t the greatest part of which is 
iomnSshoi. There is a set of views of this stately palace, by Winstanley. The 
fripts are icarDBy as the pUtet were engraved for one of the descendants of thp 
lont-trcaflorer. It ia zemarkable, that forty-nine, and even fifty pounds, were bid 
flir ttb book of views, at Dr. Mead's ^ale, by Messieurs Bathoe and Ingram, boolL- 
•dlen in London, who received onUmited conimissions from Mr. Walpole, and the 
kle Mr. Barrett of Kent, to buy it The value of the book is four or five guineas. 

What remains at Aodlcy find hath been improvad, with much taste, by Sir John 
Grifin. 



t Or Audley End. 
VOL. II. > 



22 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

HENRY VEERE, earl of Oxford, lord high- 
chamberlain ; RV(aughan) in a cypher ; sold by Comp- 
ton Holland ; 4to. 

Henry Vere, earl of Oxford, on horseback, with 
Henry, earl of Southampton ; smM folio. J. Jenner ejcc. 

Henry Vere, earl of Oxford ; in an ornamented 
border of soldiers. W. Pass sc. 

Henry Vere, earl of Oxford. J. Payne sc. 

His portrait is at Welbeck. 

The Earl of Oxford, who had been a dissolute and debauched 
young man, was, when the fervour of his youth abated, one of the 
most distinguished characters of his time. He was ever among the 
foremost to do his country service, in the senate or the field ; was 
one of the few among the nobility, who dared to check the prero- 
gative ; and could not forbear giving vent to his indignation, when, 
he saw the king's tameness with respect to the Palatinate, in sudi 
terms as occasioned his being sent to the Tower. Though he inhe: 
rited all the martial ardour of his family, he could never exert it & 
this reign, but in attempting impossibilities. He was one of the 
'^ handful of men'' who went under Sir Horace Vere agd,in8t tte 
great army of Spinola ;* and headed a party of brave soldiers in a 
desperate attack on the impregnable works of that general, at Ter- 
heiden ; in which he exerted himself so much, that it threw himintd 
a fever, which soon ptit an end to his life. 

CHARLES HOWARD, earl of Nottingham^ 
.baron of Effingham, lord high- admiral, &c. S. P» 
sceus sc. 4to. Compton Holland ea^c. 

There is a whole length of the Earl of Nottingham^ in 
the robes of the Garter^ standing under an archy eHr 
graved by William Rogers, for Sir William Segar% 
^* Honour civil and military,'^ folio. 

His portrait, by Mytens, is at Hampton-court. 

• The portraits of the chief of them, by Mierevelt, are at Lord Townshend'si at 
lUjnhani, in Norfolk. 



t 




/"iird CJtiljc'Ju.aim ii'Ejri V 



OF ENGLAND. 23 

le Earl ,of Nottingham, who in the late reign made so great a 
e aa a sea-officer, was, in this, employed as an ambassador; 
ipidific king thinking that he could do as much by negotiation, 
3iaabeth did by fighting. In his embassy to Spain, he was 
i4^ by a splendid train of five hundred persons. The ignorant 
dardSy ^viiio had heard much of the Kentish long-tails, and other 
|terg» in .this nation of heretics, were astonished when he made 
ftublic. entry, not only at seeing the human form, but at seeing it 
uperior health . and beauty to what in their own country it ap- 
«d.* Ob. 1624. 

jrEORGE, earl of Buckingham, &c. 1617. Simon 
ssiBUS sc, L. Laur. Lisle esc. a head in an oval. 

jIborgjs, marquis of Buckingham, &c. Siynon Pas- 
ig 4C To the knees ; in an oval. 

I AGE VjLLiEEs, duke, marquis, and earl of Promoter 
ingham ; an horseback ; ships, Sgc. alluding to his igiV^s 
Ij^f^: lord high-admiraL Guil. Passteus ; h. sh. 

Flie Duke of Buckingham, by the elegance of his person,t and Cr. duke 
courtliness of his address, presently gained as great an ascen- ^^^^' 
it over James, as the favourite of any other prince is known to 
e done by a long course of assiduity and insinuation. It is no 

It is observable, that Mons. Buffbii includes the seat of beauty within a certain 
ade, BO as just to take in all France, and exclude England. One would imagine, 
he formed bis ideas of the persons of the English from the vile portraits of some 
Iwir engraTcra. 

It was for his fine face that the king usually called him Stenny, which is the 
iDOtiTe of Stephen. He, by this appellation, paid a very singular compliment 
k§ ai^endour of his beauty tX alluding to Acts vi. 15, where it is said of St. 
iheOy " AH that sat in the council looking stedfastly on him, saw his face as it 
been the face of an angel." Some of the duke's compliments and expressions 
errilitj to the king were no less singular in their kind : one of his letters con- 
es wiUi, ** Your faithful Dog Stenny." 




He did not long retain his good looks ; see his latter portraits. At his first 
ng to court, when his majesty cast his eye on him, he asked Lord Arundel 
; he thought of him ; who answered that his blushing bashfulncss was such as 
iou£'ht would but ill succeed at court. However, he soon gained the ascen- 
• from which his majesty formed an opinion, that bashfulncss did soonest prc- 
it court. — Lord Haii.ks. 



24 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

wdnder iiiat an aecumuiatioB of honont, #ealdi, txoA po#dr> vpon a 
vain man, suddenly raised from a private station, shovdd be so in* 
vidions; end especially as the duke was as void of prudence and 
modeiratioh in the use of these, as the fond king was in bestowing 
thert. But it must be acknowledged, that this great man was tial 
without his virtues. He had all the courage and sincerily of i 
SoMier ; atid was one of those few courtiers who were as hMiest 
and open in their enmity, as military men are ill their frsendriHpk 
He was the last reigning favourite dikt ever tyrannized in llA Vaof' 
dom.* See the next reign. 



liREAT OFFICERS OF SCOTLAND. 



L 



LODOWICK, duke of Richmond, lord greats 
chamberlain, and admiral of Scotland, &c. Sinm 
Passaics sc. Aio. See the next division. 

LoDowiCK, duke of Richmond; Ato. S.Pass; 161(5. 

LoDOWiCK, duke of Richmond; whole lengih^ in his I 
robesy/ol. P,v. Somer. Clamp sc. \12b. 

LoDowiCK, duke of Richmond^ lyii^g i^ state; 
curious. 

Promot. LoDowiCK, duke of Richmoud and Lenox (or 
1615. ' Lennox), lord-steward of his majesty's household. 

^ There Is still a tradition in Spain, that tiie Duke of Buckingham, who had eter . 
k violent propensity to intrigue, was very particular in his addresses to the Counten 
oT Ofivares, who made an ample discovery of his gallantry to her husband. Upon 
wluch it was concerted betwixt them, that the countess should make the dulie id 
assignation, and substitute a girl who had been long infected with an infamous ixt 
temper, in her place. The assignation was accordingly made, and the effect ful^ 
answered their expectation. This story, supposing it a fact, which Lord Clarendoi 
%dll iKrt aAow, accounts for the duke's avowing the mo^t detenrfined enmity iigaSnit 
Olivares, at partmgfrom hi(n; and is similar to his conduct in France, where Ife 
bad tile temerity to be as particular in his addresses to Anne of Aostriti, queen tf 
Levris XIII. Arthur Wilson plainly hints at this piece of isecret histoiy, which 
' paJBSed current in his time. Sete Wibon's LHe t»f Jatnes I. In Kennet's ** Complete 
Hist." vol. a. p. 773. 



or ENGLAND. 2£ 

Pi t?. S. (P^ul m,n Somer) p. Jd. Bafra sc. 1624 ; 
whoh length; large L sh. very search Undone. 

At the Earl of Pomfret's, at Easton, was a portrait of hitn hj 
Rubens ; there is one at Gorhambury ; but the most coasiderable 
k the excellent whole length of him, by Van Somer, at Petworth. 

This nobleman was son to Esme Stuart, duke of Lenox in Scot- 
land, and grandson to John, lord D'Aubigne, younger brother to 
Matthew, earl of Lenox» who was grandfather to King James* On 
ihe 17th of May, 21 of James I. he was created earl of Newcastle, 
and duke of Richmond. He had a great share of the king's 
confid^oe and esteem ; which, indeed, he merited, as he was a 
man of an excellent character. He mcurried three wives : his first 
was of the fahiily of Ruthven ; his second of that of Campbell; and^ 
his last, Frances, daughter of Thomas, viscount I)oward, of Bindon. 
He died suddenly^ 1623. His dutchess assigned a very particular 
reatooa for his being in high health the night before he was found 
dead in his bed.**^ 

JAMES, marquis of Hamilton, &c. Martin D. 
(Droeshout) so. London, 1623; a itohole lengthy in 
armour^ ^tanMng in a tent with fringed curtains. On a 
table is a helmet^ with a large crest of bristles tJmd 
ostrich's plumes ; a small h. ^h. I have seen some proofs 
of this print without the inscription : these Tluere taken 
when the plate was much worn. 

There is an octavo print ^f him^ by Vaughan ; which 
has been mistaken for a portrait of his son, who was 
- beheaded. 

James, marquis of Hamilton, was a distinguished favourite of Created 
King James, who, before he was twenty-one years of age, appointed i^^^. 
him one of the gentlemen of his bed-chamber, and a lord of his 
privy council. He was afterward made steward of hi« majesty's 
household, and^ in i619,<3reated a peer of England, by the title of 
Btron of Innerdale, in Oumberhmd, and Earl of Cambridge. In 
I 1621, he was appointed lord high-commissioner of the parliament 

• Kennet, ii. p. 777. 



26 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

of Scotland. On the 7th of July, 1623, he was installed knigh^ (A 
the Garter. He was naturalized in England by act of parliament^ 
and died in 1625. See more of him in Douglas's ** Peerage of 
tScotland," p. 333. 

ROBERTUS CAR, comes Somerset. S. P. 
(Simon Passceus) sc. 4to. Compton Holland exc. 

RoBERTUs Car, &c. two Latin lines at bottom^ 
*' Hie ilk est,'' d^c. small 4to. 

Robert Car, earl of Somerset, viscount Roches- 
ter, &c. and the Lady Frances, his wife; 4to. in a 
book, entitled " Truth brought to Light, and discovered 
by Time ; or, a Discourse and historical Narration oi 
the first fourteen Years of King James's Reign^'' 1661, 
Ato. There is a copy of this print before ^* The Cases 
of Impotency,'' printed by Curl. It was engraved by 
Michael Vandergucht. 

Robert Car, earl of Somerset Houbraken sc 
Jllust. Head. 

This portrait, which represents him as a black robust man, is no 
genuine. The Earl of Somerset had light hair, and a reddisi 
beard.* His face was rather effeminate; a kind of beauty which tool 
much with James the First. 

At Newbottle, the Marquis of Lothian's, nptfar from Edinburgh 
is a head of him, with smsdl features and flaxen hair. 

Robert Car was page to King James before his accession to th 

throne of England ; and was, at his coronation, made ' one of thi 

knights of the Bath. This circumstance is contradictory to the stor 

so confidently told by several of our historians, of his introductioi 

to the king at a tilting, about eight years after.f He was after 

Cr. earl ward created viscount Rochester, and earl of Somerset ; and wa) 

ifiia-^' d ^^''^^^^^^ *^ *^^ office of lord-chamberlain. On the death of thi 

made lord- Earl of Salisbury, he became prime minister, and dispenser of thf 

chamber- 
lain, Jaly 
10, 1614. • See Doyd's " State Worthies," p. 746. 

t See Dr. Birch's Liv^s, with the "Illustrious Heads," vol. ii. p. 19. 



V OF ENGLAND. 27 

iiig*6 fayours ; and had the pnidenc^ to shew a due regard 16 the 
^lishy without slighting his own countrymen. His talents were 
leither shining, nOr mean ; and he was habitually a courtier and a 
tatesman. In the plenitude of his power, he grew insolent, and 
risibly declined in the king's favour ; especially upon the Duke of 
Buckingham's appearance at court. In May, 1616, he was con- 
temned for being accessary to the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury; 
a crime in which he was involved with his countess ;* but they both 
|:eceived the king's pardon. Ob, July, 1645. 

The Right Hon. GEORGE, EARL MARICHAL, 
founder of Marichal College, Aberdeen; from an 
original picture by Jamieson, in the possession of the, 
•Earl of Kintorey at Keith Hall, Aberdeenshire. Wilkin^ 
5WW ejcc. Qvo, 

. George Keith, fifth earl marischal, succeeded his grandfather in 
:1581, after having studied several years in foreign universities, and 
jrisited most of the courts in Europe. In 1587 he was sworn a 
privy-counsellor to King James VI. and, in 1589, was sent ambasr 
sador-extraordinary to the court of Denmark, to settle the marriage 
of his majesty with Anne of Denmark. — He made a very splendid 
appearance, and acquitted himself so much to tlie satisfaction of 
the king and council, that he obtained an act of approbation from 
them Nov. 25, 1589 ; had charters of the baronies of Innerugie, 
Dunottar, Keith, &c. ; also of the lordship of Altrie to him and 
William, his eldest son, Sept. 26, 1592, and, in 1593, founded the 
Marischal College, in Aberdeen, which he endowed from his own 
great estates, with funds sufficient for the support of a principal, 
and four professors of philosophy. The foundation was ratified by 
act of parliament, and approved of by the general assembly ; and 
the seal of the college bears the arms of Keith, quartered with those 
of Aberdeen. 

After the accession of King James to the throne of England, he 
conferred on the earl the highest honour a subject was capable of 
rfeceiviug, by constituting him his high-commissioner to represent 

• His inaaspicious marriage with this lady, which ia the event proved his ruin, 
was attended with greater pomp and festivity than the marriage of any other sub- 
ject of this kingdom. See a particular account of it in " The Detection of the Court 
and State of England, during the four last Reigns," p. 69, et seq. 



28 BIOGRAPHICAI' H|8T0]»Y 

Ilia QM^sty in the parliament of Scotland ; hb eompiiaakia to tfm 
effect passed the great seal June 6, 1609. 

He concluded an eminent, useful, and active life, at Dunottai 
Caitle, on the 22d of April 1623, in the 70th year of hia age, and 
was buried in St. Bride's church, now called Dunottar, 

JOHN ERSKINE, earl of Mar, high-treawwr of 
Scotland. P. Roberts, 1796. 

John, the sixth earl of Mar, was a great fatTourite of King Jamei 
VJ. who committed to his care the tuition of his young son, Piiooe 
Henry ; and, by a letter under his own hand, charged his lordshq^ 
in case of his majesty's demise, not to deliver the prince either to 
the queen or the estates, till be should be eighteen years of age.* 
Jn 1601 his lordship was sent ambassador to the court of Qoesf 
Elizabeth ; where he deported himself with such prudence, that \m 
majesty gratefully owned, that his peaceable accession to the crowa 
of England was, next to the goodness of God, to be ascribed to the 
Earl of Mar ; and thereupon made him a knight of the most noUi 
order of the Garter, one of his privy council in England, and loftf* 
treasurer in Scotland. He died 1635, aged 79. 



AJI OFFICER OF THE HOUSEHOLD. 

I 
WILLIAM, earl of Pembroke, &c. lord-chamber- i 

lain of his majesty's household. P. van Somer p. \ 

S. JPassaifs sc. 1617: 4to. 

William, earl of Pembroke, &c. Soldby l^erA; 
4to, 

GuiL. comes Pembroch. Acad. Cane, with Sir 
Thomas Bodley, and others ; in the frontispiece to the 
Catalogue of the Bodleian library. M, Burghers sc. 

William, earl of Pembroke; 4to. John Hind; 
scarce. This is a copy from Passceus. 

* See the lelter in Crawibfd's ** Peerage of ScoUiuid." 



OE RUGLANP- 29 

William, earl of Pembroke ; in the ** Oxford 
Almanack^'' 1744. 

William, earl of Pembroke, &c. TT. Holl sc. 
1816 ; from the original of Vandyke , in the collection of 
the Bight Hon. the Earl of Pembroke ; in Mr. Lodge's 
** Bbtftrifms^ Portraits.'' 

William Herbert, earl of Pembroke. C. Jansen 
jmkD. R. Cooper sa 1810 ; from the original in the 
possession of M. Barnes. 

Hie E%rl of Pembroke was as generally and deservedly esteemed Cr. i55i, 
IM any aoUeman ofhis time. He was well-bred ; but his breeding ^PP-^ord- 
9kA his manners were entirely English* He was generous, open, 15 jac. i 
antd'smoore ; loyal, and yet a friend to liberty. Few men possessed 
^ gieatSF qoickness of apprehension, or a^ more penetrating judg- 
teBt; and none could express themselves with more readiness or 
propriety. He was a man of letters himseif, and an eminent patron 
of learned men. But he had, with all his excellences, a strong 
propensity to pleasure, and frequently abandoned himself to women. 
He died suddenly, April 10, 1630.* 



* When his body lyas'opeQed^ in order to be embalmed, lie was observed, imme 
diately afler the incision was made, to lift up his hand. This remarkable circam- 
itanoe, compared with Lord Clarendon's account of his sudden death,t affords a 
iboig-ptesamptive proof that his distemper was an apoplexy. This anecdote may 
k^ depeoded 011 ay a fact; as it was told by ft descendant of the Pembroke family, 
«^ had often hf^ard it lelatjBd. 

t VqI? i. p. 5Bj 8?o. 



VOL. II. 



30 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



CLASS III. 

■ ■ 

PEERS. 

EARLS. 5. 

FRANCIS MANNERS, earl of Rutland ; «J 
T. Jenner ; 8t;o. Geo. Ferbearde ea^c. 

Francis Manners, earl of Rutland; 8w. IT.H 
ardson. 

[>. I5f5. ' The Earl of Rutland, chief-justice in Eyre of all the kiHg^tf $ 
andchaces north of Trent, and knight of the Garter. .In llU 
attended the king to Scotland, and afterward commaxuled: 4M 
sent to bring Prince Charles out of .Spain. The cali|niitiei» 
4x»ed to be the effects of witchcraft, in. the earl's iaimhry axj^jj 
have occasioned the famous act of parliament in this reigyi^iillj 
. sorcery, and other diabolical practices, which was lately. iq^ 
Howel. tells us in his Letters,* '' that King James, argireatj 
was loath to bdieve there were witches ; but that which baj^ 
my Lord Flrancis of Rutland's children convinced him.'* !.T 
contradictory to the tenor of the *' Deemonologia," which was 
lished long before. In 1618, Joan Flower and her two dau| 
were accused of murdering Henry, lord Roos, by witchcrafl 
of torturing the Lord Francis his brother, and the Lady Cad 
his sister. These three women are said to have entered into i 

• 

mal contract with tiie devil, and to have become '^ devils ina 
themselves/' The mother died as she was going to prison 
daughters, who were tried by Sir Henry Hobart and Sir Ei 
Bromley, confessed their guilt, and were executed at Lincohu 
Turner's " Hist, of remarkable Providences ;" fol. &c. ^ec- 
peer died without issue male, 17 Dec. 16S2. 

HENRY WRIOTHESLY, earl of Southami 
&c. Simon Passaus sc. 1617; 4to. scarcc-f Sua 
and Humble. 

• Page 427. 

t Most of the heads by the farailj of Pass, Elstrackc, and Delaram, are 
and some of them extremely rare. 



%' 



I 

I 
li 




& {liRtndt is at Bulttrode, toother with the Ml, libjA WU 1^- 
Km in the Tower, in the reign of ElizabeUi. ■ ^.: ; 

HzwET WRroTHESLY, earl of SoiitfaJBinpton. W, 
Sharp sc. In Malones " Shakspeare," 1789. ■ . 

Henry, earl of Southampton, on horseback, V9lh 
Henry Vere, earl of 0.rford ; small foiio. I. Jm- 
ner a,'. ■ ; ■ 

Henry Wriotheslt, earl of Soutbamptm, l|w. . 
W. Richardson. 

The Earl of Sntithftinpton was ooe of the privy coundl, hot hefft C*. tU 
StUe or no part In the adminiatratioD of afiaira ia this reign ;. aa^ 
i»BB oyerbome, in the former part of it, by the Eari of Salitborj'^ • 
'lAoconceived a dislike to him, on account of his attachment totfajk 
Ne Earl of Easex. He was a sincere friend to his coontiT : aqd 
itxh was his patriotic spirit, that he could not help expresunp lua 
Indignation at the pacific measures of the king; far wfakh he WU 
'toninitted a prisoner to the dean of Westminster, about the same 
time that tlie Earl of Os-ford was committed to the Tower. Shak- 
ipcare gratefully acknowledges the distinguished generosity with 
which his lordship patronised his literary labours. Ob. 1624. 

HENRICUS PERCY, comes NorthumberlandiBe. 

D^antm sc. 1619 ; eight English verses; Ato. Another 

I in-a hat, by the same hand. (Both scarce.) 

ICBICVB. Percy, .&c. bald head; eight English 
W. Richardson. 

, earl of Northamberlajid, was one of the gallant young Cr. I5i 
, who, in 1588, when the kingdom was threatened with an 
m, hired ships at their own expense, and joined the grand 
Lnnder the lord high-admiral. He was afterward one of the 
:s at the famous siege of Ostend. In the reign of James, 
i under a suspicion of being a party in the gunpowder-plot ; 
mtfUnagh innocent, suffered a tedious impneonment of fifteen 



32 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

years * He was a gi^eat tever and patron of leatoing. Ob, 5 Nov. 
1632. 

ROBERT DEVEREUX, earl of Essex, when 
young; in an oval. R. E. (Elstracke) scarce. 

Robert Devereux, &c. a small square ; hat and 
truncheon. J. P. (John Payne) \2mo. Another of him 
on horseback. W. Pass sc. 

, Robert Devereux, &c, R.E. (Elstracke) sc. 4to. 

Cr. 1572. Robert Devereux, earl of Essex, son of the unfortunate favourite 
of Queen Elizabeth, served with reputation in the wars in the Low 
Countries. He was one of the few noblemen in parliament who 
dared to attack, or at least to keep at bay, the ** great monster of 
the prerogative."t But he never appeared to so great an advan- 
tage as at the head of an slrmy. See his chairacter among the 
swordsmen in the next reign ; see also that of the Countess of Essex 
in this. 

THOMAS HOWARD, earl of Arundel, &c. Mr. 

(Mierevelt) p. Order of the George. S. Pass(Eus sc. 
Sold by C. Holland, 1616 ; 4to. 

Cr. 1579. The Earl of Aruudel'was a great promoter of building with bricfc. 
It has been erroneously said, that he was the first who introduced 
that kind of masonry into England.t See more of him in the reign 
of Charles I. 

RICHARD SACKVILLE, earl of Dorset. S.Pas- 

scBU^ sc. 1617 ; 4to. Sudbury and Humble; scarce. 

* Thomas Percy, a distant relation of the earl, and one of the band of gentlemen- 
pensioners, of which bis lordship was captain, was proved to have been with him at 
Sion House the day before the intended execution of the plot. This unlucky dr- 
cumstance was the occasion of his confinement. 

t So called by Sir Edward Coke. 

t As to brick buildings in England, see Bagford's ** Letter relating to the Anti^ 
quities of London," p. Ixxviii. It is prefixed to Leland's " Collectanea." See alw 
a Dissertation by Dr. Lyttelton, then dean of Exeter, on the Antiquity of Brick 
Buildings in England, posterior to the time of the Romans, in vol. i. of " Archeo- 
logia, or Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity," p. 140, &c. See also Mr. 
Gougli's Preface to his " Anecdotes of British Topography," p. 21, &c 



OF ENGLAND. 83 

Tbere ifr It whcie 4ei)gth porti^t ^ f>f him at Ckarlton, the aeat <if 
Lord Suffi^, in Wiltgluffe. 

The Barl of Dotsetwas ^n adcomplisbed gentlemtuiy and an ex- Cr. le 
ceOent jtidge and munificeat patron of literary fnerit, He was ho&- 
pitaU^ and.botintiful ta profasian^ aod was a ^eat loyet «f mask- 
ing, fU^ng, and ether princely es^ercises, which recommended him 
to die fioticey aad:.gai£ed him the eiMeem, of Prince H^nry. Ob. 28 
Mar. 1624, -iE*. 3^. ., 

ROBERT SIDNEY, earl of Leice&ter, &c. Simon 
Passceus'sc. 

Robert S i d Jne y, Tiscount Lisle, &c, 16 17. S. Pas- 

S(BUS sc. 4to. 

Robert Sidney, Ttsconnt Lisle/descended from a sister of Robert 
Dudley, earl of Leicester, was, by Jatnes I. created esi^l of Lei- Cr. u 
cester, and baron Sidney of Penshurst, the 2d of August, 1618. In 
the early part of his lifb heivas lord-chamberlain to Queen Anne ; 
and, with Sir Francis Vere, greatly distinguished himself in the cele- 
brated battle of Tumhoult, gsuned by Prince Maurice, 1597 ; that Cr.Mj 
general- himself ascribing the glorious success of the day to their ^^^' 
good conduct and gallant behaviour, Ob, 1626. His portrait,* 
with others of the Sidney family, was lately at Penshurst, in Xent ; 
but that valuable collection is now sold and dispersed. 

CHARLES BLOUNT, earl of Devonshire ; w;Ao& 
kngih mezz. P. v. Somer pina;. V. Green sc. 

Charles Blount, Sec. in the King's library; rare. 

Charies Blount, second fion: of James, the sixth Lord Montjoy, 
bd early a command in the fleet which defeated the famous 
Armada. He was appointed lieutenant of Ireland, where he ' 
Impulsed the Spaniards with great honour, and was created by 



* He was yoanger brother of Sir Philip Sidney. Great part of Languet's 
Epistobe, addressed to Sir Philip, concerns the education of this young man. It is 
ivpr^g that the Letters of Languet should be so little read ; they abound in anec- 
<lotes of the Sidney family, and shew Sir Philip Sidney to great advantage. Be- 
sides, Languet was, in all probability, the author of the Vindicis. — Lobo Hailes. 



34 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

James I. 1603, earl of Derooshirey and made kniglit of ^ 
Garter. He is said to haye been beaatifol in person, yaliaDt, and 
learned: his character was sullied by his connexion with Penelope^ 
sister to the Earl of Essex, and wife to Robert, lord Rich, whom 
she abandoned, and had seyeral children by this earl ; who, finding 
her, upon his return from Ireland, divorced from her husband, 
married her at Wanstead, in Essex, in 1605. The ceremony was 
performed by his chaplain, William Land, afterward archbishop of- 
Canterbury ; an act which gave great concern to that prelate upon 
deliberate reflection. Ob. 1606, JEt. 43. Daniel wrote a Funeral 
Poem upon him. See ** Memoirs of the Peers of England,*^ 1802. 

JOHN DIGBY, earl of Bristol, &c. R. Elstrackesc. 
Sold by Wm. Peake; 4to. rare. 

John Digby, earl of Bristol. Bocquetsc. In ^^Nobk 
Authors;' by Park ; 1806. 

John Digby, earl of Bristol. Harding. 

John Digby, earl of Bristol. Thane. 

John Digby, earl of Bristol. C.Johnson; Ho 
braken sc. In the " Illust. Heads ^ by mistake inscrii 
George Villiers, duke of Buckingham. 

This nobleman was one of the most accomplished ministers^ 
epLl5, well as most estimable characters, of his time. He was ambass 
*^^ from James to the emperor, and afterward to Spain. He p< 

all the phlegm requisite for a Spanish embassy, and even for 
tedious and fruitless negotiations of this reign. His credit in 
court of Spain was beyond that of any other ambassador ; and 
receiTcd greater marks of distinction from his Cathohc majesty, 
the next reign, the Duke of Buckingham, who hated the man, ds 
to attack the minister ; but he was bravely repelled.* Upon.t 
breaking out of the civil war, he sided with the pariiament, and 
the command of two troops of horse in their service; but wheni 
saw that monarchy itself was in danger, he adhered to the king. 



* His defence of his conduct in Spain, Dvbich was publicly called in quest 
the Doke of Backingham, is in the State Trials, and in the tenth Tolume of Raf 
History. 



36 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

William Knollis, viscount Wallingfopd, wkk 
autograph. Thane. 

William Knollis, viscount Wallingford ; 8w. 
W. Rkhardson. 

William, son of Sir Francis Knolles> by Catharine Cary, daogiiter 
to Sir Thomas Bolen, and cousin-german to Queen ElizabetL Jk 
succeeded his father in the office of treasurer of the queen's house- 
hokl, and was one of the delegates for making peace, 41 Eliz. 
Upon th&^cession of James, he was created ba^n qf Grays,, ia 
Oicfordshire, the place of his residence ; in the twelfth year of thii 
vtigii be was constitutttd master of the courl of waidsr; and about 
Cr. JtiL5* tiPo jeaiB afber, created viscount Wallingford.* He died the 2Ak 
1616-7. 0i Majr, 1632, in the d8th year of his age, and lies buried at Gia3f» 
The ancient seal of this fomily is now in the possession of Stf 
Thomas Stapleton, bart. 

HENRY HOWARD, earl of Northampton ; frm 
an original at Castle Howard. S. Pickard. (Hal^ 
penny fee.) 

Henry Howard, earl of Northampton, (second son of the cdtr 
brated £arl of Surrey beheaded by Henry VIII.) was bom at SA^ 
tisham, in Norfolk, about 1539. He was educated at Cambri^i 
and in 1568 was admitted to the degree qf M. A. at Oxford. 9l 
was neglected during the reign of EUaabeth ; but in the ne^ rejgl 
he rose rapidly ; being made a privy-counsellor, war4en of tin 
Cinque Ports, earl of Northampton^ lord privy-seal, and kni^df 
the Garter. He was a man of considerable talents, but destitatej(| 
principle. He was a party in the intrigue of his niece, the counteM 
of Essex, with Carr, viscount £Lochcator $ und strongly .suspec|0J( 
of being concerned in the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury. A£kdb^ 
ing to be a Protestant, he enjoyed great favour with Jaines h lHf| 
being, by an intercepted letter to Cardinal Bellarmine, discomirf 
to be a confirmed papist, he was deprived of his estate. Ql> 
June 15, 1614. His works are, 1. *' A Defensative against thd 
Poison of supposed Prophecies/' 4to and folio. 2. '^ An Apologj fiv 
the Government of Women ;" a manuscript in the Bodleian libraiy* 
Some other manuscripts also l&om his pen are extant. 

* He was created earl of Banbory, 18 Aag. 1626. 



40 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

dile.ctMracter, and « complete gentlenan^ He was afEenw' 
created viscount Doncaster, and earl of Carlisle. It eliould )» 
obaerred, that his paasion for feasting and dress continued olmoit 
to the last moment of his life, even when he knew that lie TO 
given over bj his physicians. Ob. 25 April, 1636. 

HENRY BROOKE, lord Cobham; oval frame, ' 
arms at the top; R. Hogenberg, 1582. L 

Henry Brooke, lord Cobham, &c. J. Tha^- 

Henry, second son of William, lord Cobham, being ' 
and weak man, was easily led into any rash enterprir : 
the Lords Gray of Wilton, Sir George Corew, and oti 
in what was called the " Raleigh conspinicy," and was 
witness agwnst the unfortunate Raleigh, when he ret: ' 
fae had previously deposed,* On his trial, he heard t '■ 
with much agitation ; sometimes interrupting it, bj 
what he thought to be wrongly inseTted. He was font 
reprieved ; yet, attainted, and left to drag on in pri . 
misery, and extreme poverty, till 1619 ; when he died ' 

EDWARD, lord Zouch ; an etching. P 
from a drawing in the King's " ClarcTidoti ." 

Edward, lord Zouch. R. Cooper sc. ■ ; i 

Edward, lord Zouch, one of the peers who sat in * i 
Mary, queen of Scots, was afterward sent ambassadi i 
land to palliate that matter. He was lord-president of ' 
reigns of Elizabeth and James I. ; and constable of E 
and warden of the Cinque Parts, for life; daring whi 
brated Sir Edward Nicholas was his secretary. He v 
known friend of Sir Henry Wotton, and Ben Jonson. 
ing is from Bridge's History of Northamptonshire: 
from the cliurch of Heryngworth, and contiguous to th 
house, are large ruins of the outward walls of a < 
against the south wall are remains of the monument of 
Zouch, who died in 1569 (father of Edward). At tli 
the north wall is a small hole communicating with the ^ c 



Ot ENGLAND: 41 

which, acoordiDgiatraditioD;g8Te occaakftito the following 
f the fiEU»tioii8 Ben Jonson : 

«« Wlieneyer I %, let fhb be my fate. 
To Ije by my good Lord Zouch ; 
Tbftt- wbea 1 UB diy, to the tap I Bay hye, 
. Aiii'iobMkiiguntomycoiich." 

1626. . , _: 

ll^iaREi^^ Scrivensc. 



E, first lord Brooke. R. Cooper sc. 
itustrious Portraits.^ 

rd Brooke, was son to Sir Folke 6re?ille 
i-cottity in Warwickshire. He was bom in 
ath his truly illastrious friend Sir Philip^ 
have bieen his schoolfellow at Shrewsbury, 
liow-commoner at Trinity College, Cain- 
irard passed some time at Oxford. He 
ibroad; and upon his retomi being well 
iduced at court by his ancle, Robert Cre- 
te for polite learning, and being an en- 
3nces, he soon grew into favour with Queen 
f received the honour of knighthood. He 
First, at his coronation, installed knight of 
I grant of Warwick Castle. He was made 
lancellor of the EKchequer, and in 1620 
r Beauchamp-court, &c. He was murdered 
servant Ralph Heywood, who had spent the 
n his lordship's service ; but, not thinking 
arded, and being sharply rebuked for some 
lip a mortal stab in the back with a knife, 
. See ** Noble Authors," by Park. 

uVERT, lord Baltimore. E. Boc- 
e Authors" by Park; 1806. 

RGB ^^^ £RT, lord Baltimore. Caldvmll. 

RGE Calvert, lord Baltimore. Harding. 



42 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Geosoe Calvebt, kffd Baltimore. TkatK (k. 
with autograph. 

Oeori^ Calvert, lord Baltimore, deKended from the anciem 
home of GalTert in the earldom of FUnderg, #as bom at K^Icy. 
in Yorkshire, about 1680. He was .aecretary to Sir RobertCecil, 
and appointed clerk of the council. In 1619, he wpa camjliiifli 
one of the principal Becretariee of state; which sitnatnDa1iert^|netl, 
Conacientioiuly, in 1624, oq haring embraced the Romin JSpoUc 
religion. King James granted him a yearly pension of £1MQ ml 
of the customs, and created him baroa of Baltimore, in the county 
of Longford, in Ireland. He also obtaioed a patent for him a°^ 
lui kein, to posseia the colony of Maryland, in Koith Api^rica. 
■ OS. 1622, Mt. 53. 

SIR WlLtlAM POPE,ofRoxton, bart. aivibl 
of the hon. order of the Bath, Mtatls sua 52. A. D 
-1624. Conteliut Jansen ptnx. Godefroy sc. IHm n'l 
■original picture in the collection of the late Zsaae-Bed 
esq. of Staple Inn, 1794. 

Sk William Pope, bom at Wroxton in 1573, became a B^en< 
of Gray'B-Jn'n ; was made knight of the Bath at St. Jarae*"* 1603: 
and a baronet in 1611, being dten styled of Wilcote. In l€29,lic 
wa* created baron of Bellteirot, and earl of Donne, in Irelattd. Hi 
died 1631, and was buried in the diurch at Wroxton. See "Top"- 
graphical Miscellanies," toL 1 1792, 4to. 



A SCOTCH PEER. 

EDWARD BRUCE, first lord Kinloss, Ob. 1610. ' 
from his monument in the Rolls' chapel. Kingsc. 6vo. 

This eminent statesman was the second son of Sir Edward Broc^ 
of Blaii-hall, and the progenitor of the Earls of Elg:in andAjdes- 
bury. He was bred to the law, and displayed abilities which gained 
him the confidence of James VI. who sent the Earls of Mar ani 
Bruce, to congratulate Elizabeth on the suppression of the insur- 
rection by Essex, in 1601. The subsequent correspondence, be- 




AMCBDBISHOP of Cawferbtky. 



Ji./:i„.wji,.i„„/..„ r,,.,/, .iv„, //„;.,,/„. /.;,//., 



OF ENGLAND* 43 

reea Bruce and Sir Robert Cecil, operated greatly towards the 
^aceable accession of James to the English throne. On the 22d 
' Feb. 1603, James erected the dissolved abbey of Kinloss, in 
Ioolj, into a lordidiip, in fieLTonrof this able negotiator. 

Lord Kinloii, attending his sovereign into England, was farther 
warded by die office of master of the fioUs: the patent is dated 
dIj Stfa, iJfiM, ciMdiiii cptupli mentimis that he died on the 14th 
r JBmuny^ a^tdifiS Tsean* 

The UikniagyaaeaftkiB, is on liis tomb : 

•■-■■■■ 

Sacra Memorite 
*' ' \ tka&m. fidvardi Bmdi, Baronis 
. .finiiii Kmfossensis, Sacroram Scriniornm 
Ma^flli^ ffldatmn Qui obijt 14* Jan. Sal. tdlO, £tat. 
[ '-' 82» Jacobi Kegis «•. 
Brdeiiki'fidmdas sitas hie, et Scotus, et Anglus ; 
. ; • 'ScMas nt Orta, Anglis sic oriundns Avid. 
Rq^faKtXibq) deeps tolit, aactus honoribus amplis 
. ' ."ft^ aCbnn^B Begni utriusq; fiut 
Ganragl^, TxtSte'. Kuru^ Genero, Spe, Req.; Beatus 
"^^ereubs docoit, nunc docet ecce mori. 

WdKinloss was fhther of Lord Bruce, killed in a duel by Edward 
Sadmlls, earl of DonM. 



CLASS IV. 
THE CLERGY. 

ABCHBJSHOPS AND BISHOPS. 

RICHARDUS BANCROFT, archiepiscopTO 
Cantuariensis. G. Vertue sc. small h. sh. 

RiCHARDVs Baitcbott, archiepiscopus Cantuari- 
ensis. G. Vertue sc. ornamented border; 4to. 

Richard Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury; 
^n a square sntiill 4to. W. Richardson. 



44 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Richard Bancroft ; from the original at Lm- 
beth. G. P. Harding; J. S^ow, 1816- 

Bishop Bancroft, who was translated from London to Canterbuij, 
was a stout and zealous champion for the church,, which he lean^ 
edly and ably defended, to th'e confusion of its adversaries* HeDoe 
it was, that he was censured by the Puritans as a friend to popery; | 
but the imputation was absolutely groundless ; on, the contraiy, If 
his address 9 in setting some of the secidar priests against the 
Jesuits, as St. Paul did the Pharisees against the Sadducees, he 
greatly reduced the force of the most formidable body of men eft- 
gaged in the service of the church of Rome.* In the conference at^ 
Hampton-court, he acquitted himself so much to the king's 
faction, that he thought him the fittest person to succeed Whi 
in the chair of Canterbury. He was indubitably a friend to 
royal prerogative, and earnest in his defence of it in which he 
lowed the dictates of his conscience, and the genius of the 
Ok 2 Nov. 1610, ^t, 67. Bishop Bancroft is the person meant 
the chief overseer of the last translation of the Bible, in that 
graph of the preface to it beginning with ** But it is high time 
leave them," &c. towards the end. 

ABBOT, archbishop of Canterbury. /. J3o 
braken sc. From an original in the possession of 
Kingsly. Illust. Head. 

Georgius Abbattus, &c. 1616. Simon Passausi 
4to, Another by Simon Pass, with a view of Lai 
Compton Holland exc. 

Georgius Abbattus, &c. A copy from Pass, 
Boissard; Ato. 

George Abbot, a small head by Marshall; 
the title to his '^ Brief e. Description of the 
Worlds 



• This was in the preceding reign. See Sir John Harrington's " Bnef 
the State of the Church of England/' p. 13, edit. 1653. 



-« 



OF ENGLAND. 4$ 



< • 



Georgs Abbot, &c. M. Vofukrgucht tc. In lard 
tlarendon*s ** Hut." ^v6.* . . , 

« 

Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury. G. Vertue 9c. 
Tmamented border ; 4to. 

Abbot, archbishop ; ik-on aval. Thos. JhOfer sc. 
ff^ Mr. Kif^sty's pkiufi. ■. ' : r' ' 

llieie It a pcntittt of lum in th6 wuvenity Kb^^ 
Bd uiodiar in Ibe gallery at Gbrhambq^^ 

George Abbot was bom at Gnilfinrdy where Kis paxents* Dve^'m 
Qvciiciiiiistaiices ; \m hSikes bfsmg a weaver. His motlier, during 
Nr piiq;ii8nGy,'dreaniedf that if she could eat a pike her diM 
noidd be a scm, and arrhre at great preferment. The pike ^fli^ 
ibacnloosly to hand ; for she caught it out of the river acddentaUy, 
jU]pt dipping a pail of water : the story of the dream wa9 circu- 
jied, the child was befriended . and put to school} and at lengtfi 
llfEsanie primate <tf all England* At the dose of life he metSnma 
j i nmitabl e misibrtune ; for being upon a visit at the seat of Lord 
mch, he was persuaded to exercise himself in the park with a 
ross-bow ; and, by acddent^ shot the keeper, instead of the de^r. 
L commission was appointed, to examine whether this irregularity 
Icapadtated him from the office of primate; and the determination 
raig left to the king, he decided in favour of the archbishop ; who, 
ver after, kq>t a monthly fast on account of the disaster, and settled 
irenty pounds a year on the keeper's widow. 

ArdUnshop Abbot recommended himself to King James, by his Tr.ifon 
ndent behaviour in Scotland, in relation to the union of the j[^^J 
hurches of that kingdom ; and by his /* Narrative of the Case of 
Iprot,** who was executed in 1608, for having been concerned in 
lie Gowrie conspiracy. As the reality of that dark design had been 
ailed in question, he endeavoured, by this narrative, to settle the 
linds of the people in the belief of it. He was a prelate of great 

* The iMftds in Lord Clarendon's " History" were originally engraved for Ward's 
Histoiy of the Rebellion," in verse, 1713. Michael Vandergucht, and Vertue 
ii scholar, did the greatest part of them. The rest were engraved^l^ IL White, 
tort, Kirkal, and Sympson. Many df them Are from original paintings. See the 
xfiMe to the first, and also to the third and Jast volame of the abovaHnentioned 
Mk, where tlie names of the engravers, and the heads done by them, axe particn- 
i)y enomerated. 

VOL. II. H 



46 BIOGRAPHICAL HIBTORY 

learabgand piety ^ but was esteeto^d a Puritan ii| doctrine; and in 
discipline, too remiss for one placed at the head of the church.* He 
had a considerable hand in the translation of the. New ^estamettt 
nowia ttse^ and was fbubdet of the Lambelh library. Ob, 4 Aug. 
1633, ^f. 71.t 

. MATTHEW BUTTON, archbishop of York; 
Jan. 16, 1605, JEt. 80. From an original pidture^ k 
the possession of Mrs, Hutton, widow of the late Ik* 
Matthew Hutton, lord archbishop of Canterbury^ 
■'F. Ptrry sc. 4io. 

: Matthew Hutton, archbishop of York, &c. in 
HutchinsorCs ^^ Durham '' 

'r.from * Matthew Hutton was some time master of Pembroke Hall,iii 
595. ' Cambridge, and regius professor of divinity in that xiniversitj'. 
When Queen Elizabeth visited Cambridge, he gained the highfeK 
applause from his public exercise before her, to which he owed i* 
great preferments in the church. J I have seen none of his worfe 
in English.^ He died, according to his epitaph, 16 Jan. 1605, ^ 
.80. Hence it appears, that the word ohiit on the original pictortj 
|s obliterated,^ as it is not engraved on the print; and that Pullet ft 
mistaken in his age, who says he died in his seventy-sixth jfeaif. 
^he epitaph is in Le Neve's *' Lives." It is remarkable, tbattfft 
date of his death, in Le Neve's *^ Fasti" differs from that in the erf 
taph; it is there said to have been on the 15th of J^n.1| 

* OliEtrendon. 
J - 1 This prelate was dean of Winchester in 1599. Lord Clarendon was certainly 
mistaken, in saying that he had no preferment in the charch b^re he W&s bishd(k«' 
lachfield and Coventry. See Le Neve, and Dr. Burton'b " OenohieDeM of Iiil| 
tHsrendon's History /'p. 104. . . ) 

«.;( 'Nicholas Kobinaon* afterwiird bishop of Bangor, speaks thus of his perfonnaiifif 
on this occasion : " Unurn illud aadeo affirmare ; in Hattono nostro Baceri yn&r 
ciani, Martyris memoriam, vim Calvini, Musculi method am, ex hac concertatioM 
liqnido aparaisse : nemo potdit facere nt iste, nisi dominas fubset cum eo.'' Le 
NeVe, in his article. ^ • 

• $ " Cominentatiuntftlam emisit de electione et reprobatione." •* Rio. ParkeiiT 
Seefetos Cantabrigiensb;-' in the fifth vol. of Lelandi " Collectanea," p. 205« ; 

'II Concerting his age at the time of his death, see B. W^lis** '* Survey of tl» 
Cathedral of York," &e. p. 52. * ^ 

Archbishop Hutton h^xl the boldness, in a sermon which he preached hefoie Qu<B«(i 






1S06. 



YJioxeBiEJioiuwnLH'O'Oja . « 

TdBTAs MAtthjevs a cam m Boiftard, tlo 
TdBTAK M\'rrHJ«oaj ti^f Latht venei W Rieh^ 

Tdiffis M+ifHWj iirciibttl|ttp «f York , ii» i^^ 

hich he was detm ' 

Ih s wortl J 1 1 wl I d I 1 o un er» ty Ti fM« 

|( had an admirable taleot for preacliing, which he never EufTered 
I lie idle; but used to go from one town to another, to preach to 
IDwded congregations. He kept an exact account of the sermons 
luch he preached, after he was preferred ; by which it appears, 
lathe preached, when dean ofDurham, 721 ; when bishop of tiiat 
;ocws»"/'5P; wdwti^ wcltliisljftp,«f "Vork, 721 ; ia ,^1, ,1993.* 
\t Ud ftoth*^ >^ prjpt, ]i^^ a lJii^^ ^ermop agidmt Pampjan, an^ 
totettoJjff!»e#l. P^. 29M8r. 1636,^i,8S!. flp, eapp^iaHy iif 
ifi esr'y pfff^ Pf 1h? Wpi virtPpt^/ fw W^ ready wit J and was 
ywl, if not superior, y) B^hPP ^^W^r 'O t^^ (^)i^y ^H^ttf 9f - 



b, St Wbitehall, to nige home to her conicieDce Ibe delicate point of fixing 
':Ha evoitoM ban, 4(ftitiKeni»a|e>peaUtl}r haled fDiM^hirfg to 
MCM ^ee^atai ymtui lUt AogoMuintuillR. norarbrlciifed Jen (pponliBg ui'll 
■■ te mocesd IdiD i" sod Ttrj pttinl^ httifnatod, that tbe e^ci of the nation waife 
witti upon the Hing of Scots, 'si (bo pnnM Wfaa^ from proxioiily of blood, niigHt 
■ntabljr expect to aieend &e Ihrbne. li is pmbable, that (hii liighl; pleased 
<trf one of the «aai«nc« bot the qn^en i irtio, cohlrarj [o thew eitpectatioiii had 
ifDmand enough of her temper lo ilifle her reientment, and, wHh great rampoiurc 
her cDunlenance, lo thank him for bii diicourse: but she aoon aflti >ent two 
•nnsellon (o bim wilh a TeTj'tAarp reproof. >'It appears that she ms tcf; desi- 
(n or[H'OcaiTag''A(^ seiwon; \Att Ibe atehlrisbop cddM nerer be prevailed with fo 
: it go out of his bands.— Seo Sir John Hairington'a ■■ Brief Vfew Ottbe State 6( 

eChoreli of England," p. 188,"fct;.-— ■ " — ~ "^ 

• Drak«"»,"A>niq-t*f'Y«k/'v.t ;■■ , .', ■, ■■ : ■" i ■-■■! " ^> ': ■■■■.: 






48 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

RICARDUS VAUGHANUS ; a Latin distich, 
** Londini Prtzsul^" Sgc. In the " Heroologia ;" Ato. 

RicHARDUs Vaughaxus ; in Freherus. 

Tr. from Richard Vaughan, a native of Caernarvonshire, was educated in 

D4fl604. ^^ ^olan*8 College, Camhridge, and was an admired preacher in tbat 
university. He was chaplain to Queen Elizabeth ; and successively 
bishop of Bangor, Chester, and London. His merit was univer'^ 
sally allowed to be equal to his dignity in the church ; but none of 
his writings were ever printed. Fuller tells us, in his usual style, 
that '* he was a very corpulent man, but spiritually minded ;* and 
Owen, his countryman, has addressed one of his best epigrams io\ 
him, in which he gives him an excellent character.f Ob. 30 Mar, 
1607. 

JOHANNES KING, episcopus Londinensislj 
JV". Lockey p. etjieri curavit, S. Passaus sc. Ato. A a 
in Boissard. 

Johannes King, &c. Delaram sc. Ato. 

His portrait is at Christ Church, Oxon. 
John King was a very celebrated preacher at court, in the reif 
1605. of Elizabeth and James I. He was, by the latter, preferred to 

deanery of Christ Church ; whence he was, for his merit, removed I 
Consec. the see of London. He was a great master of his tongue and 
Sept 1611. pen, and was styled by James, " the king of preachers."! He pi 
lished lectures on Jonas, and several other sermons. The calm 
of his dying in the communion of the church of Rome, which 

< * "Worthies in Caeraarv." p. 31. The quaint compliment of King Jaiiiei| 
iDr. Martin Heaton, bishop of Ely, who was as fat as Vaughan» is equally apj 
■jble, and, indeed, hath been applied to that pielate. " Fat men are apt to 
lean sermons ; bat yoiirs are not leanr bat larded with good learning.''^ The 
;<^ larding was far from being limited to divinity ; it prevailed in almost every 
elf tomposition ; and it is a known fact, that those sermons were generally dc 
llurded, which were preached at court. 

t Lib. ii. epig. 24. 

I A character founded on a pun, or verbal allusion, is very cautiously to be I 
flitted ; but there is great truth in this, as he was the most natural and persi 
orator of hb time. v ••« 

$ Harrington's '* Bifief View/' &c. in the article of Heaton, p. 81. 



r,-^..^. 





George Mohstjugise, 



fj./u-k-d .■B'l.hy 'WV'lticka.'rd^oWyark House i^ii-a-nd . 



OF ENGLAND. 49 

ttserted in print, has been amply refuted. Ob, 1621. He was 
Miried under a plain stone in St. Paul's church, on which was in- 
Bcribed only the word, '* Resurgam."* 

GEORGE MOUNTAINE (Mountaigne), bishop 
of London, &c. G. V. (Geo. Yeats) sc. 4to. 

GeobgeMountaigke, archbishop of York, 1628; 
mall \to. W. Richardson. 

There is a good portrait of him at Wroxton. 

George' Mountaigne, bishop almoner to James I. received his 
education at Queen's CoU^, in Cambridge. He was some time 
divinity lectarer at Gresham College, and afterward master of the 
Sayoy. When the &mous Neile was promoted to the bishopric of 
Lichfield and Coventry, he succeeded him in the deanery of West- 
nunster. He was sucoessively bishop of lincoln, London, and Tr.tol 
Dnfaam ; in 1 628, he succeeded Tobie Matthew m the see of York, ^^j^^^f 
tnd died the same year, in the sixtieth ye^r of his age. He was 
Wied at Cawood, in Tofkshirey the {dace of his nativity. 

JACOBUS MOUNTAGU (or Montague), epis- 
copus Winton ; in the '* Heroologia ;^* 8vo. A copy in 

Boissard, 

■ • . 

Jameb Montagu ; 24to. 

Jacobus Mou'ntagu. Elstracke. 

Jacobus Montagu, episcop. Winton ; six Latin 
lines. S. Pass J 1617. Henricus et Compt. Holland exc. 

* When Sir Chriitoplier Wren wis deicribing the groand-plot of tbe new church 
tf St ?aal, he spoke to one of the men who attended him, to bring him something 
to mark a particular spot The man took up a fragment of a tomb, which laj 
*B«ig the ruins, upon wlucb was inscribed " Resnrgam ;" *' I shall rise again." 
I & Christopher was struck with the inscription the moment he saw it, and inter- 
I fitted it as a good omoi. The event was answerable, as he lired to see the church 
I Uihed.t I conjecture, that tlUs was part of the stone under which Bishop King 
I vnbnied} and my conjecture is more than probable, as this word occurs in no 
^ iAs epitaph in Dugdale'i '* History of St. Paul's." 



ilsB Wna't *< PftreDtalit," or " London and its EnTinms described. 



f$ 



50 BIOGRAPHICAL HTSTORY 

V. from James, son of Sir Edward M ountagu of BoughtoD^ B,nd brother 

VeU ^^OcL ^ ^® ^^^^ cbief-juitice of the King's Bence in this reign. He wai 
616.' educated at Christ's College, in Cambridge, and was the first mas- 
ter of Sidney College in that university, to which he was a great 
benefiEictor. He may, indeed, be traced through all his preferments 
by his public benefactions, and acts of munificence. He was at 
the expense of bringing a rivulet into the town of Cambridge, 
through King's Ditch ; which, before it was cleansed for this par- 
pose^ was a great nuisance to that placet He laid out large wm 
in repairing and beautifying the church and episcopal palace. &t 
WeUs ; and in finishing the church at Bath, which Oliver King his 
pri^decessor had begun, aud which for nearly a century had the S(p- 
pearance of a ruin. While he sat in the see at Winche^teiTy he was 
employed in his elaborate edition of King James's works in Latml 
Ob. 20 July, 1618, JEt, 80. He lies buried in the abbey ch«rc|i 
at Bath, where a splendid monument was erected to his memory. 

LANCELOTUS ANDREWS, episcopusWinton. 

J. Pai/nef, Frontispiece to hi$ ^* Exposition of the Ten 
Commandments ;" foL This is copied by R.White, in 1 2mo. 

Lancelot, bishop of Winchester, &c. Yaughn sc. 
Ato. 

Lancelot Andrews, &c. Hollar f. l2mo. Jn 
Bishop Sparrow's *^ Rationale of the Common Prayer;' 
in which are several other heads by Hollar. 

Lancelot Andrews, &c. Loggan sc. 1675. 

Lancelotus Andrews, &c. Froiitispiece to his 
*^ Devotions f' \9>mo. 

" If ever any merited to be » 

The universal bishop, this was he ; 
Great Andrews, who the whole vast sea did drain 
Of learning, and distill'd it in his brain : 
These pious drops are of the purest kind,* 
Which trickled from the limbec of his mind." 

♦ Here witticism and conceit would be extreinely absurd ; as the greatest punly 
and siropliclty of language are highly proper, whiBn we speak of, or to, the Deity. 



OF ENGLAND. 51 

This pious and very learned prelate. wliO may be rnnked with tiie Tr. fro»' 
beat preacliers and completest scholars of his age, appeared to jljof^ 
much ^eater advantage in the pulpit, than he does now in his 
works ; which abound with Latin quotations, find trivial wilticisma,* 
He was a man of polite manners, and lively conversation ; and could 
qaote Greek and Latin authors, or even pun, with King James. 
Charles, the son of that monarch, aliltle before hia death, recom- 
aeaded his sermons to the perusal of his children. Bishop Andrews 
U supposed to have had a considerable hand in the book of Chro- 
nology published by tjie famous Isaacson, who was his amanuensis. 
Oi. 21 Sept. 1626, Mt. 71. Bishop Buckeridge, in a seraioii 
preached at his funeral, informs us, that he understood fifteen lan~i 
6ii^es;t and justly observes, that all the places where he had pre- 
ferment, were tbe better for him. It is certain, that he refused to 
accept of any bishopric in the reign of Elizabeth, because he would 
not basely submit to an alienat ihe episcopal t 

GrangefB Letters, p. 270. 



Y 



ROBERT WRIGHT , in the" Oxford Almanack," 
'32. 

Robert Wright, born in the pariah of St. Alban, in Hertfordshire, 
*as scholar of Trinity College, Oxford, and, after various (jromo- 
Uons, became chaplain to Queen Elizabeth and to King James I, 
He was consecrated bishop of Bristol in 16-22, and in 1632 trans- 
lated to tlie see of Lichfield and Ci>veDtry. He was one of the 
oishops who drew up a petition to the king and peers, as they could 
not attend tlie house without danger of their lives ; whicli so much 
displeased the rebelUous party, that ten of the bishops were com- 
tftitted to the Tower, where they continued for more than four 
months. On his release from confinement he retired into Stafibtd- 

re, where he died 1642-3. ' 



• No species of composition, encept poelry, hai been more improveil since tlie 
Bines I. than sermons. TLete ii a laucb greater (li!|niiij between oitt 
ni discourses and Ihoae of Bishop Andrews, Iban between the seimotin o! 
■tpretaie and Ibose nf Laliner. 

■John Bojse, hia conteiuporary, styles biro, " In lingnis Mithridates, in arliUiis 
W»le»".. ,.....- 

See la aiuwer to a letter wntleii al Oifbrd, aud tuperscribed Id Dr. Samuel 
«r, cooceming the church and the Ky^iaei ibereot, 4io pamphlet, p. 33. 



52 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

GERVASIUS BABINGTON, episcopus Wigor- 
niensis, J?il^. 59. 

'^ Non melior, non integiior, non cultior alter, 
Vir, Praesul^ Prceco, More, Fide, arte, fuit : 
Osque probum, vultusque gravis, pectusque serenum : 

' Alme, Deu8, tales prcefice ubique Gregi." — ^M. S. 

Ren. Elstracke sc. Frontispiece to his Works, fol. 1615. 
The verses were written by Miles Smithy bishop of GUh 
cester, who wrote the preface. He was also author of 
the preface to the Bible now in use. 

Gervasius Babington, &c. in the '^ Heroologiaf, 
%vo. 

Gervasius Babington, &ۥ in Boissard; it is 
copied from Elstracke. 

Gervasius Babington ; in Freherus. 

Fr. from Gervase Babington was some time chaplain to Henry, earl of 
ti597 ^®"^^^o^®» ^'^^ ^^^ supposed to have assisted his countess in her 
translation of the Psalms.* He left his books, which were of con- 
siderable value, to the library of the cathedral of Worcester. His 
works consist of notes on the Pentateuch, expositions of the Creed 
and the Ten Commandments, and several sermons. His style is 
not free from such puerilities as are found in most of the best writers 
of this age. Ob. 17 May, 1610. 

MARTIN HETON, bishop of Ely; %vo. Har- 
ding sc. 4 to. 

Martin Heton was bom at Heton Hall, in Lancashire, in the year 
1545, and received his education at Oxford, of which university he 
became vice-chancellor in 1588. He was made dean of Winchester 
in 1589, and bishop of Ely in 1600, and died at Mildenhall, Suffolk, 
in 1608. 

JOHANNES JEGON, C. C. C. C. Gustos. Epis, 
Norv. JSt. 50, 1661 ; etched by Mr. Tyson. He «r 

• Ballard. 




?,T 60 160/ 




JEGOIV ' 

CVSTOS oB,e\ 



lUiUd Jwi.-ifmO byWmuA,ir<6Hm Yc^ ffcut^^T'SlSt^n^ 



OF ENGLAND. 53 

represented in his doctor's robes, but placed here as bishop 
of Konvich. 

Johannes Jegoit, C. C. C. C. ; copied from the 
above. W. Richardson. 

Dr. John Jegop succeeded Dr. Copcot in the mastership of Cor- Cohk-c 
pus Christ! CoUegeyin Cambridge, the 10th of August, 1590, where ^''\^'' 
lie soon signalized himself by that just economy and singular pru- 
dence which gain^ him the esteem of the society over which he 
presided. {lence it was that they considerably augmented hit 
S8lary» and fee for preaching. He was, in five years, four times 
Tice-dttDcenor' of the university; in which office he acted with 
ability and ipirit. Being appealed to, in a controverted election of 
a BttittV of Catharine Hall, he boldly and uprightly gave hu opi- 
von^AiBtfarf to diat of the queen and the archbishop of Canterbury. 
Aiabbhf^y he distinguished himself by hit zeal for conformity, 
aadflia exact management of his revenues, by which he was enabled 
to ponfawe a very considerable estate, and to enrich his family. 
Thii^ in the latter part of his life, seems to have been the principal 
olject of his attention. He deceased the 13th of March, 1617 ; and 
was thought to have died too rich for a bishop, and to have ex- 
pended too little of his ample fortune in acts of charity* The station 
in which Ivs appeared to tl^ greatest advantage, was that of master 
of his coll^^, where he displayed all the discretion and gravity 
which was /HiitEible to the character of a governor, and all ihat plea- 
santry and facetiousness which could recommend him as an agree- 
able companion. See more of him in Mast^s's " History of Corpus 
Christi College." 

HENRY ROBINSON, bishop of Carlisle ; a confin 
monumental effigy, inscribed, *' Henrico Robinsono J!}^^^' 
Carleolensi, CoUegii hujus, annis XVIII. pra^posito 
providissimo, tandemque ecclesiae Carleolensis toti- 
dem annis episcopo vigilantissimo : XIII Cai. Julii, 
^0 a partu Virginis 1616, JEtat. 63^ pie in Domino 
dormienti, et in ecclesia Carleol. sepulto: Hoc Coll. 
ipsius laboribus vastitate ereptum, munificentia de- 

VOL. II. 1 



54 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



msec. 
:t. 1601. 



mum locupMtatum, istud qualecunque MNHMEK 
gratitudinis Testimonium coUocavit***. 

*' Non sibi, sed patriee, preeloxit lampadis instar ; 
Deperdens oleum, non operam ille suam. 
In minimis fido fiervo, msgoribuB apto» 
Maxima nunc Domini gaudia adire dator.** 

He is represented kneeling with a candle in his 
hand, and a crosier resting on his left arm ; with si 
emblematical Jigures. Under the prints in the 
writing of Mr. Mores, an ingenious antiquary y IM 
Queen's College, Oxford y is this inscription : ** 
in vet. Capella Coll. Reg. Oxon^ sheet.* 

Henry Rd)in8on was a native of Carlisle. In 1581, he was 
nimously elected provost of Queen's College, in Oxford, at 
head of which he continued about eighteen years; and by bis 
ample and authority restored its discipline, and left it in a 
flourishing state, when he was deservedly promoted to the sec j 
Carlisle. He was eminent in the university as a disputant 
preacher. 

FRANCISCUS GODWIN, episcopus Lane 
vensis, M. 51, 1613. Vertue sc. 1742; h. sh. 

Francis Godwin was a learned divine, and a celebrated hist 
and antiquary. His laborious and useful ^* Catalogue of the Bii 
of England," first published in 1601, was generally approved* 
was for this valuable work, that Queen Elizabeth, who knew 
to distinguish merit, promoted him to the bishopric of Landaff.f 
Richardson has published an improved and elegant edition of ^ 
book. In his younger years, he wrote his ^' Man in the Moon; 
a Discourse of a Voyage thither, by Domingo Gcmsales, 1638 1 
8vo. This philosophic romance, which has been several 
printed, shews that he had a creative genius.^ His ** Nuncius 

* In the print is a view of the cathedral in its entire state, before it wis ' 
lished iu the time of Charles I. 

t Translated to Hereford 1617. 

% Domingo Gonsales, a little Spaniard, is supposed to be shipwrecked oil 
tiilinhabited island ; 'where he taught several ganzas, or wild geese, to flj witk.| 
light machine, and to fetch and carry things for his conveniency. He, after 



OF ENGLAND. 55 



vmatus/' which contains instnictions to convcj 

« very scarce. Ob. April, 1633. 

LANCELOT ANDREWS, episcopus Elyensis, 
fte. 1616; 4to. By Smon Pass, but wiihaui kis m 
There is another of him, looking to the left, hy the 
iand, and with the same date, inscrihed " Episcmu 
WintonTAto. 



The fonner has been copied by Vertoe. See LsDcdoly faahop cf 

Wiadiester. 

JOHN OVERALL, bishop of Norwich. Hollar f. 

1657, \2mo. In Sparrow's " Rationale,"' Ar. 

Johannes Overall, &c. R. White sc. 4to. 



John Overall was educated in Trinity CoDege, 
m thence elected to the mastenhqi of Cadtarioe Hall, in tbsl 
^ernty. Sir Folke Grerille, wbo was wdl acquainted widi lib 
earning and merit, reconunended him to Queen FIinl>rlh as a 
iroper person to succeed Dr. Nowel in the deanery of St. Fad's ; 
which he was elected in May, 1602. In 1614» he 



i the bbhc^ric of Lichfield and Ckyrentry, whence he wwm tnns- ^^^ 
ited to Norwich, and died within a year after his trawlatkio, vk^ 
SihBfay, 1619. He was one of the tnmslaton of die Bible in this ^^ 
eign«* I have heard of ncme of his works besides, bnt his "Con- 
ocation Book/' Camden, m fab << Annab of Jmes L* styles hbt 
froOgiaus learned man. 

ROBERTUS ABBATTUS, episcopus Salisbo- 
iensis. Delaram sc. 4lo.t A copyj in Beissard. 



■^ Tentored to put himself into tbe martiBe, and tfccj 

iie. He happened to be in thb aerial cfaaiiol^ at die tise of Ae 

•MM, which wcie birds of passage, took tlieir ii^^ to Ae wmoam, and was ^imna^^ 

Hied to that planet. He has gi^en a ^ery ■■ er aio nt d rsrripti n n rfwhat ocCTrred 

inm on his wajr, and the wondeffid tUngi ivlddi he saw thcK. 1^- Swift fccMt 

' kafe bonowed several bints from tins novel, in hb «ojage to Lapnia. 

• See the names erf the transbton, and tbe parts assipied tbem, in tbe " Biogra- 

^" Aitic. BoTS. 

t Hie first impr«S8ioii9, by mbtsfce of the cogiaver, wese iasaibed Jo.a^»». 



66 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

RoBERTUs Abbatus, cpiscopus Sarum; 8vo. in 
the " Heroologia.'' 

Robert Abbat ; 24to. 

Consec. - Robert Abbots elder brother to George, archbishop of Canterbury, 
1615 ^' *"^^ ^^ learning much his superior, was some time master of Bafid 
College, in Oxford, and regius professor of divinity in that um- 
versity. In 1615, he was, for his great merit, preferiped taihe 8C« 
of Salisbury. The most celebrated of his writings, which are chiefiy 
controversial, was his book " De Antichristo." King James com- 
manded his '' Paraphrase on the Apocalypse'' to be printed with the 
second edition of his work ; by which he paid himself a moch 
greater compliment, than he did the bishop, 06. 2 Mar. 1617^ M* 
58. He was one of the five bishops who, within six years, sat in the 
chair of Salisbury, in this reign. ^ 

ARTHURUS LAKE, olim episc. Bathon. et 

Wellens. &c. J. Payne so. h. sh. A copyy in Boissard. 

It has also been copied by Hollar, in 4to. His head i$ 
before hi^ works ^fol. 1629. 

Arthur Lake ; in the '* Oxford Almanack,'' 1729. 






Consec Arthur Lake, brother to Sir Thomas Lake, principal secretary of 
Dee. 8, state to James I. was educated at New College, in Oxford. In 4c 
beginning of this reign, he was preferred to the rich mastersh^ of 
the hospital of St. Cross, near Winchester. He was afterward 
archdeacon of Surrey, and dean of Worcester ; and in 1616, he 
succeeded Bishop Montague in the see of Bath and Wells. Several 
writers speak of him as a pattern of every kind of virtue. ' He wai 
an excellent preacher, of extensive reading in divinity, and one A 
the best textuaries of his time. His works, which were published 
after his decease, consist of expositions of several of the Psalwis 
sermons, and meditations. Oh. 4 May, 1626, Mi. 59. 

He was a considerable benefactor to the library of New College^ 
where he endowed two lectureships ; one for the Hebrew JanguageJ 
and another for the mathematics.'^ 



• Richard^B's «« Gedwin," p. 391. 





;Ofb.( CO z^* Sal t/t regru'-'cor ULfPaUrjut 5ol 

St Car- principium vzlit ejl . tote. ^An^l^a- recte 
Ffr tuB. janL dtci, Vivere (Iripla pote/t 

-^ <J "ip-.. *£..< JT.B _ 



Uymj^^uir^^r.J^Jl Sf^^J^J.J^- '-'Jj/^ 



C^UV^VI 




OF BNQbAND. fi7 

)RGIUS CAKL£TONUS, eptseopos ChJes- 

; 4/0. , ; , 

the original of the nea't print, and is prefuve^ to 
Jiatikful Remembrance of God's Mercie" 1630. 
^tke other prints in the same book were (^igrO^ed 
Wic Hulsius. ,'.■.,:■.; 

Soius Cahletonus, &c. : at his breast hangt a 
f the synod of Dort. In Boissard ; small 4te/ 

loms Carletonus, episcopus Cicestrifwiij 
, '^Ricka7'dsa7i. M'. ■ 

ruletou was educated under the care of Bernard 
northern aposlle. His parts were sliining and' 
b^itliout any sensible diminution, to an advaiK ' 
fciished biraself, whflsi he was at Osford, aa 
,and a poet ; and was still more distinguished t__ .. . . , 
ips, wrote upon a greater variety of subjects thifrl^;^ 
^yman of his time : of these the Oxford antiquitfytett 
1 catalogue. He was deeply enga.ged in the ArminiatlttMt- 
and was one of the five divines sent to the synod of Sort 
; where he mainOibe^ Qiat the histiops were successors 
"elre apostles, and tlie fteihyt^ts to tbe'i&mity didciples. 
nt oration bdbte -0te tfttCtes of Httlland is in pritit. Urb 
111 Remanbrance of Ood'i Metciei" &c. has gOne thrCiTigh 
ions than any of bLi woriuk Inthefourdi, printed in4to. 
i a series of upwards of twenty small historical prints, 
lating to the plots and conspiracies against the church and 
>e r^gns of Elizabeth And James, en^vtd by Fred. Hul- 
1628. He had by his first wife Anne, relict of Sir Henry 
f BilHiigbere, in BerksltiTe, a soa bamed tteury, wbo was 
liscopalian, and had a capfua'l commisstoo in ^e paiiih- 
y in the civil war. 

ANNES (WILLIAMS), Lincoln, episcop. 
Angliee sigilli custos, &:c. F. Delaram sc. 
nts; h. sh. scarce.* 

t inipreasians are in a close cnp, initead of a hali and are icarce. 



58 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Johannes Williams, episc. Line. iSb/rf^yJewwer. 
The original of Boissard's copy^ AtO. 

Joannes Guuelmus, &c. in Boissard; small 4to. 

m 

Archbishop Williams ; in the '* Oxford Alrm- 
nack,"' 1733. 

Consec. Bishop Williams seems to have owed his first preferment, and to 

Nov. 16J1. ^^ j^g succeeding dignities, to hi^ magnificent and well-conducted 

totertainment of the lord-chancellor Egerton, and the Spanish am- 

Made lord—bassadors, during his proctorship, at Cambridge. The chancdllor 

JuTvio ^^ ^"^* " ^^^' ^® ^^ ^^ *® serve a king ;" and soon after recom- 
1621. mended him at court* Lord Clarendon has given us a more disad- 

vantageous, but probably a truer, character of him, than Bishop 
Hacket, who was his chaplain ; as the probity of the former is less 
to be suspected, than the partiality of the latter. Both thesf 
authors have given us to understand, that his parts, whatever his 
principles might be, were very extraordinary ; and his constitutiooi 
still more extraordinary than his parts ; as he could apply himsdf 
to study or business, and support his health, with only three houfs* 
sleep. He was at first despised by the lawyers', in his ofiice of lord- 
keeper ; but was soon admired for his deep penetration, solid judg- 
ment, and retentive memory ; which enabled him to recapitulate any 
cause tried before him, without losing a circumstance. See the 
next reign Class VI, 



A SCOTCH PRELATE. 

PATRICIUS FORBESIUS, a Coirse, episcopu* 
Aberdonensis, consiliarius regis. 

" Pectoris indicio data frons est ; quaeque profundo 
Corde latent, tacitis reddit imago notis. 
Hoc vultu pietas, probitas, constantia, candor, 
Sinceri referunt archetypos animi." 

iJ. G. (Glover) sc. a small oval ; rare. 



Patrick Forbes, bishop, bf Abetdeen, iM bofti in l564i wheH Ai 
sAors of the chinch of Seotland ime iA modi cdnfoMon i to thd 
setdenieiit of which he greatly tbntributecl* As chancellor of Uki 
vuiriwsitjr of Aberdeen,. he improved tliiit sett of leanung by 
sqpnring l3ie fitbric, angmenting the libraryy and renting the pi6» 
Jessorships, He published ** A Commentary on the Revelatipn,'* 
at Lonidon 1613. 06. 1635.*' ' 



•* r 



rj; AN IRISH PRELATE. 



BERNARD ADAMS, bishop of Limerick, &c. in 
Oxford Almanack;' 1732. 

"Jknund Adams, Wn in Middlesex 1566, was iX 17 years of age 
sclioSar of Trinity Ccdl^i Oxford ; and elected feOow fife 
after. When master of arts, he was, by &Yoar of the lord* 
It, cehsecrated Inshop of limerick in 16.04; and by a 
don kept the iat.^Kiffenore with it to the year 1617, at 
time, he Tpkintaiily resigned it. He is said to have beeii 
and pions. Oh. \^%5. 'He Was buried in the cathedral 
of Limenck, where a monument was erected to his memory. 



DIGNITARIES OF THE CHURCH, &c. 

JOHN BOYS, D.b. dean of Canterbury ; /of^r 
U portraits of him, in the engraved title to his works, 
[629, foL J. Payne sc. i , 

John Boys, who was educated at Clare Hall, in Cambridge, was Jnsta\ 
ms for his Pagtils in defence of our Liturgy; . and was also much ^^y* 

Led for his good life. He gained great applause by turning 
Lord's prayer into the foUowiDg execration,t when he preached 

Paul's Cross, on the 5th of November, in this reign. " Our 

I, which art in Rome, cursed be thy name ; perish may thy 

[om; hindered may thy will be as it is in heaven, so in earth. 



* See bis epiUph in Monteith^s " Theatre of Mortality/' part )i. p. 80, &c. 

iburgb, 1713, 8vo. 
t See Bojs on the last Psalm, p. 21. 



7, 1621. 



60 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Give us this day our cup id the Lord's supper ; and remit our 
nies which we have given for thy indulgences, as we send them 
unto thee ; and lead us not into heresy, hut free us from 
for thine is the infernal pitch and sulphur, for ever and 
Amen."* Ob. Sept. 16-25. 

JOHN DOXXE, dean of St. Pauls, M. 41 
M. JMerianyJun. sc. Fronthp.tohis Sermons ;foL li 

John' DoxNE, &c. Los^^aiisc. 

iUected John Donne entered into holy orders by the persuasion of Jamei] 

^^\mC' ^^^ often expressed great satisfaction in his having- been the 
of introducing so worthy a person into the church. We hear 
of him as a poet, but very httle as a divine, though in the 
character he had great merit. His ** Pseudo-martyr," in wbiAl 
has effectually confuted the doctrine of the papal supremacy, 
most valuable of his prose writings. His sermons abound too 
with the pedantry of the time in which they were written, to be 
all esteemed in the present age. Some .time before his death, 
h-:; was emaciated with study, and sickness, he caused himself to 
wrapped up in a sheet, which was gather^^d over his head, iii.|l! 
manner of a shroud ; and, having closed his eyes, he had his 
trait taken ; which was kept by his bed-side * as long as he lived, 
remind him of mortality. The ettigy on his monument, in St. Pi 
church, was done after this portrait. See Dugdale's History of' 
Cathedral, p. 62. Ob. 31 March, 1631. 

RICHARD EEDES ; from a picture in the Bodl 
Gal/erj/j Oxford. E. Harding sc. 4to. 

Dr. Richard Eedes, a native of Bedfordshire, was bom about the 
year 1555, at Sewell in that county, where his family had for some 



* Polr.-niical divinity, which h sometimes slvlcd " Thcologia armata/*t was never 
more encouraged, or better disciplined, than at this period. Almost cverv divine ! 
attacked tlie po])e, or one of his champions ; and the most intemperate tbcc ag£UOst 
the enemy was generally the moat applauded. The king contrived an excellent 
expedient to per])etuate liostilities, by erecting a college for this branch of theology 
at Chelsea, where he appointed veterans for training up young divines to the 
service. 



I 



t By Bi&hop Bull, c\c. 



\ 




^mt'ryf. ?7i(r/cenft . 'H'tsc/finr. JUlin. 

C^te . f/^lt i^ vay// furrt ... 'trt rth'rr'. 

if eytn Keveivnd LLoyas fterfichmi ml 

'l /inef.eai-vee aniJUeid in a nut. 



»5^J<^>^_^-«/ m /A,yo/Art,c 



y m 



OF ENGLAND. 61 



mtiitnm Ommotf im li^Tl, wag elected a ftmd^nt of Chti«t Chnrtk 
liilk»«iiBr«nity o( Ozfiwd. £[« proceeded to )»• degtte ia trtl 
^lff7S,ead m Ae famiyeer be took holy oidece^ end beeea»e e 

iMllilHMfeid Dceedier.' 

1^ Bi tefeatt eeon ettseelad ft* Jiotiee of Ut tuperion, eod guntd 

fedCttmeat. h U64, be wee fantalled prebendwy of Yai^ 

ik dM cbitrdi of SereiOy end atppoieted cbephiq fi Qoete 

le 1586| be wee aiede m eanon of Cfatiat Cbemhyeiid 

die degree of doctor ta divinity b 16%^. On tha deeeeasiof 

F. tnilbi, itt tte hitler end of 1596, he wee adraiieedtoithe 

ef Woneeter, end wea coetiinied ae one of the royal da^ 

at fte e c eaii io tt of King Jaawti. 

A gfeel iathnacy aefaiiited between Um and Dr. T^ 

of OuJat Cbuieh; and when Dr* ftlatlhews was to remove lt> 
deeaery of Dnfaaoiy to which he was appointed in 1684^ Dk. 
>%&5m intoided to aoconpany Ioul fost one day's journey; but eo 
were they m each other's company , that he not only brought 
to Dvtfaam^biit^ a pleasantry wrote flielr whole jonia^ m 
Tone, entided/' IterJBgtealet^ Of this poem there is a cafj 
fjMMBgltawUason's M8S> in the Bodleien.library. 
^ Dr. Eedes was appointed by King James one of the persons who 
were to ttenslate tbe New Testament; but he died at Worcester, 
on the 19th of November, 1604, and was buried in tbe cathedral 
at the east end of the choir, leaving a widow, named Margaret, 
dan^^iter of Dr. Herbert Westpbaling, bishop of Hereford. He 
was snoceeded in bis deanery of Worcester by Dr. James Montague, 
afterward fabhc^ of Winchester. Dr. Eedes was supposed to be 
die aifthiNr of a Latin tragedy, on the subject of Julius Ceesar, 
wUch was acted a^ Christ Church in 1582 ; and he is recorded by 
Erancis Meres among the best tragic writers of that time. He 
also left various poems in manuscript, Latin and English ; and some 
dis<xmrsc», which were published after bis death. 



FRANCISCUS WHITE, S. T. P. et eccleste 
cathedralis Carleolensis decauus; ^. 59, 1624. 
T. Cocksonus sc. 4to. 

There are two other prints of him; one with a Latin and the 
3ther with an English distich. 

vox.. II. K 



63 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

ImtaUed ' Francift- White, the king's almoner, was some time dean, and 

^^^* afterward bishop, of Carlisle. In January, 1628, he was trans- 

Consec. lated to Norwich ; and on the 15th of November, 1631, was elected 

^^^ to the see of Ely, and confirmed the 8th of December followmg; 

162^ He distinguished himself by his writings and his disputatiODf 

against popery, both in public and private. Arthur Wilson men- 

•tions a pMblic conference and dispute, in which he and Dr. Daniel 

Featly ^>posed Father Fisher and Father Sweet, both Jesuits of 

ttninence, at the house of Sir Humphrey Lind, in London.* He 

also held a conference with Fisher the Jesuit, three several times, is 

the king*s presence. This was with a view of making the Dutcbess 

■id Buckingham a convert to the Protestant church ; but she stiU 

adhered to that of Rome.+ The most con»derable of Dr. Whke^ 

.writiiigs is his *^ Reply to Jesuit Fisher's Answer to certain Qnes* 

tions propounded by his most gracious Majesty Eang James,'' 1634^ 

ibl. to which his portrait is prefixed. Mention is made of more ojt 

his works in the Bodleian Catalogue. Ob. Feb. 1637. 

JOHN WHITE, S. T. P. six Latin va^ses, signed 
R. B. minister of Eccles, Lancashire ; prefijced to tk 
works of that learned and reverend divine John White \ 
together with " The Way to the true Church^'' published 
by Francis White^ D, D. dean of Carlisle^ 1624; /(?/. 

• John White, brother to Francis White, was bom at St.' Neot'i, 
in Huntingdonshire ; brought up at Caius College, Cambridge, and i 
.afterward became vicar of Eccles, in I^ancashire. After some years 
of distress. Sir John Crofts bestowed on him the best living in his 
gift, and in other respects was a valuable friend. He was chaplain 
in ordinary to the king; and, as well as his brother, distinguished 
himself by preaching and writing against popery. He wrote " The 
Way to the true Church," and a defence of it against Fisher the 
Jesuit, and other works mentioned in the Bodleian Catalogue, anil 
died about 1617. See Wood's " Athense," vol ii. page 62, 1692. 

MARCUS ANTONIUS DE DOMINIS, archie^ ; 
piscopus Spalatensis, ^. 57, 1617. Michael a Me- ' 
revelt ad vivum p. W.Delffsc. a head; 4 to. 

i 

♦ See Kenneths ** Complete History," ii. p. 770. 

t Dod's" Church Histoiy,"ii. p. 394. ' 



OF ENGLAND. C? 

Marcus Antonius de Dominib, &c. Elsfracke sc. 
half length : the head is e<ractlj/ copied from the above, 
jh'ontispiecc to his book " De Rcpublica Ecclesiastica," 
1617; /o/. 

Marcus Antonius de Dominis, Mt. 67, 1617. 
Mierevelt. J. Jansen. 

There is a portrait of him by Tintoret, at Devonshire-hoUBe> In 

yiccadilly. 

■ Marc Antonio de Dominis came into England in this reign; iwnUi 
.where he profeesed the Protestant religion,* and published his book ?SS ^ 
"De Republica Ecclesiastica." The king gave hira the deanery of 
"Windsor, the mastership of the Savoy, and the rich living of West 
. Jldesley, in Berkshire. Though tlie publication of this book was a 
•crime never to be forgiven, he was weak enough to give credit to % 
letter sent him by the procurement of Gondamor, wliicli not only 
pomised him pardon, but preferment, if he would renounce his new 
Jfeligion. He returned to Italy, relapsed to the church of Rome, ■ 
.and was presently after imprisoned by the inquisition. Grief and 
liard treatment soon put an end to hia life, in the year 1625, and 
the 6ith of his age. He was the first that accounted for tlic phe- 
Jttmamof the rainbow, in bis book " De Radiis ViaQs et Lucisi* 
We ate much indebtpd to him for Father Paul's excellent " History 
^.Ibe Council of Trent," the maniucript. of which he procured for 
'irchbiaht^ Abbot. 

RICHARD MIDDLETON ; a mall round; in 
the title to. hia " Keif of David," 1619 j l2mo. R. El- 
ttracke sc. 

He is supposed- by Anthony Wood to be a son of Mannadnke 
Bliddleton, bishop of St. David's; and to have been archdeacon of ~ 
Card^an. He was author of several httle practical treatises, one 
flf.which was entitled, " The Card and Compass of Life ;" and was 
cbaplain to Charles, prince of Wales. 



* Buh^ Andreiri , wu uked by King Jama, at the Sn| coming ottt of Iba 
tttbop of Spilitro, whetlier he were a Protestant or do? Hs anvwetei], TmIj I 
know not ; — bat he ii a Dtttittmt of diven opinions of Rome. 



84 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORT 

ANDREW WILLET, D, D. ruff and tippet. 

Andreas Willettus, S. T- D. six Latin versesr 
subscribed P. S, h. sh.* 

Andrew Willet, rector of Barley, in Hertfordshire, and preben- 
dary of Ely, was educated at Peter-4ioase, in Cambridge. He 
gave a public testimony of his proficiency in learning when he wis 
only twenty-two years of age, by his treatise *' De Animee Natuia 
^t Viribus*" He was author of no less than forty bodks, of which 
the most considerable are his commentaries on the Scriptures, and 
his polemical pieces. His ** Synopsis Papismi,'' the fifth edition of 
which was printed by command of James L gained him the highest 
reputation of any of his worics. His industry is eyident from his. 
numerous writings ; but his Christian and moral virtues were not 
exceeded by his industry. Ob. 1621, uE^ 59. See a particular 
account of him from Dr. Smith, in Barksdale*B '* Remembrancer of 
excellent Men," 1670; 8vo. 

HENRY AIRAY, kneeling on a pedestal, an whkk 
is the following inscription: " Memoriae viri sanctitate 
et prudentia clarissimi Henrici Airay, S. Theol. D. 
liujus Collegii praepositi vigilantis, reverendi Robm- 
Boni* (ut Elise Elisha) successoris et aemuli. Chariss. 
patruelis, Christoph. Potter hujus Coll. Socius, hoc 
amoris et observantiae testimonium L. M. Q. posuit. 

'' Non satis Elishse est Eliee palla relicta, 
Dum (licet in coelum raptus) amicus abest. 
Tristis agit, queeritque amissum turturis instar 
Consortem, ac moriens, ** te sequar," orbus ait. 
Splendeat ut mundo pietas imitabilis Ayrie, 
In laudem Christi, hoc oere perennis erit. 

Matth 5. 16. 

Mortalitatem exuit, A^ 1616, 6** Id^. Oct. natud 



• Mr. Walpole, in his '* Catalogue of Engravers/* thinks P. S. to be the engraver's 
Initials -, probably Peter Stent. I rather think they are die uiifials of tfae atfAor of 
the Latin verses. — Bindley. 

t See the first division of this class. 




QTkc f-ru-e. cPo-rlratture of t lit 
Jlarncd (fl^LW tlLam C Later 



Put N<,yP/.l8ov iy ^^jLarJ/onN'S/Jh-sne/ 



OP BKaXANIX 66 

\n. 67, ethic tfepnl. altemm Messis adTentum ez- 
pectat" 

Under the print it this inscr^tion, in mamucript, iy 

Mr. Mara: " Qfumd. in va. Ct^eUa CoU. Reg. Oxmt* 

ikeet. 

Henry Airay, who succeeded Dr. Henry Robioaon in the pro- 
Tostship of Queen's College, in Oxibrd, was horn in Westmoreland, 
Sod educated by the Ca.re, and under the patronage, ofBemanPi 
Gilpin, welt known by the appellation of The Northern ApOBll^ 
He was a constant and zealous preacher at Oxford, especially llt^ 
St. Peter's in the East. His principal work is a " Course of LeCiJ 
turGs on St. Paul's Epistle to the Philippiana.'* He was one ti. 
those Calrinists "who wrote against bowing- at the name of JcsubJ] 
find was, for his learning, gravity, and piety, greatly admired a 
TCTcred by those of his persuasion. Christopher Potter, his c 
.' ^rman, whs the editor of his works.* 

JOHN DENISON, D. D. ,j 

John Ditttson, who was an eminent preacher in Uiis reign, waA 
educated atBaliol College, in Oxford. He was some time domestic 
chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham, and afterward to King 
James. It is probable, that he never had any preferment in the 
church, besides the vicarage of St. Mary's, in Heading; which he 
'fceld, togetiier with the free-school there. His predecessor in the 
employment of schoolmaster was Andrew Bird, and his successor 
'William Page. He pubhshed many sermons, and seveial pieces of 
|rnctical divinity and pontrorersy. The most coDsideiabl^ of bu 
vwks «eemB to have besn his bAok, ia Latin, oa auricular confesr 
wn, which is a confiitatiim ot the axgameatg of Bellarmioe on that 
nbject. Ob. 3ua. 1629.9. 

WILLIAM SLATER, (The true portrait of the 
karnedj D. D. large beard; 12mo. prefixed to his 
" Version of the Psalms," 1650; scarce. 

■See, Art. Gilpin, in Beit Biog. III. liO. note 1. HU "Apologte re- 
•tiif to bis loit M !■«•• fin tka ncotetj of Charltcii upba Olmere," Bra. lesit b 



^e BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

William Slater, D. D. W. Richardsdru 

Wyiiam Slater,* or Slatyer, was bom in Somersetshire^ and rif 
qeived his education at Oxford, where he took the degree of doctor 
0f divinity in 1623; having acquired a very considerable reputation, 
for his poetical talent, and his knowledge in English history. He 
was author of Elegies and Epitaphs on Anne of Denmark, to whom 
he was chaplain. They were written in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, iuid 
English; and printed in 1619. He also published '< Psalnui, or 
«JSongs of Sion, turned into the Language and set to the Tunes of 
a strange Land." Psalms in four languages, with musical notei 
engraved on copper : to one of the tunes is prefixed the name of 
MUton, the father of our great poet. I am very credibly informed} 
•that the head was placed before an edition of this book dated 16501; 
but it is certain, that it was not then published by the author, who 
<liedat Otterden, in Kent, 1647. His ** False- Albion, or theHistou 
of Great Britain from the first peopling of this Island to the Reign 
of King James," London, 1621, folio, in Latin and £nglish verse, 
is his capital work; of this the English marginal notes are the most 
valuable part. His genealogy of King James, deduced from Adam, 
is a laborious trifle. 

Doctor SUTTON ; a small head, in a sheet ofdivim 
instructions, entitiled'^ The Christian's Jewel ^t to adorn 
the Hearty and deck the House of evert/ true Protestant; ■ 
taken out of St. Mary Overies Churchy in the lecture^ 
ship of the late deceased Doctor Sutton.'' 

Thomas Sutton, one of the most eloquent and admired preachert \ 
of his time, was born at Bampton, in Westmoreland, and educates! i 
at Queen's College, in Oxford. lie was minister of Culham,neirj 
Abington, and was there much followed for his preaching, aslHii 
was afterward at St. Mary Overies, in Southwark, where he wtf-? 
lecturer. Many of his discourses are in print, and specified by 
Mr. Wood. His " Lectures on the Ilth Chapter to the Romans"; 
were published by John Downham,t who married his widow. Tfce^ 
pious author, who had been to " put the last hand" to a free-school- 
which he had founded at his native place, was, to the great regret 
of all that knew his worth, drowned in his passage from Newcastk! 

* So spelt on the print ; Wood calls him Slatyer. 
t Brother to George, bishop of Derry. 




) London, the 34th of August, 1623. The sheet in which his head 
t engraved, Gcems to contain some passages which were takea ia 
bocthand [torn his mouth, while he was preaching'. 

1^ ROBERTUS HILL, Tbeo. Doct. et S. Bartho. 
bCDpe Exchange Loud. Pastor ; in Simon Pass's 
muiiiner. 

f^ Robert Hill, a man of learning, industry, and pietjr, and an cmi- 
lul preacher, was author of several books of practical divinity, 
^tioned by Wood in his " Fasti," vol. i. p. 167. Ob. 1623. 



JOHN HART, D. D. a wood print; large square 
ieard, 8vo. 



JohnHart was author of "The baming Bush not consumed; or, 
bw to judge whether one be the Child of God or not;" 1616; 8vo. 

GILBERTUS PRIMROSIUS, Scotus, M. 52. 
i. E. Lasne sc. Bvo. 

Gilbert Primerose, a Scotsman, was well known at this period 

brhis learning and piety. He was a considerable lime one of the 

ichers belonging to the Protestant church at Bourdeaux, as 

was afterward to that of the French Piotestacts in London. 

He was chaplain in ordinary to the king, who, in 1624, recora- 

inded him to the university of Oxford, where he was created 

Hoctor of divinity. In 1628, he succeeded to Dr. John Buckridge 

jGnliis canonry of Windaor. He was author of several well written 

Bieoiogical books in the French language, some of which have been 

Bnslated into Latin and English. He died in October, or Noveni- 

(», 1642. Mr. Wood, who has given us a detail of his works, in- 

Ihns us, that Gilbert Primerose, scrje ant-surgeon to Ring James, 

lU of the same family. 

ROBERT BOLTON, B. D. minister of God's 
Ford, at Broughton, in Northamptonshire; l2mo. 
Robert Bolton. /. Payne sc. ito. There is a 
ipy of this, in \2mo. inscribed " Robert Bolton, bache- 
^- hi divinity" 

\ ITobert Bolton, a divine of Puritan principles, was one. of the 
IRateEt ecfaolars of his time, and-very eminent for' his pieiy . The 



68 BIOGRAPHICAX HISTORY 

Greek language was so familiar to him, that he could speak it witb 
almost as much facility as his mother tongoe. In 1605> when King 
James visited the nniForsity of Oxford, he was appointed by the 
▼ice-chaocellor to read in natural philosophy, and dispute before 
him, in the public schools. He was generally esteemed a most per- 
snasiTe preacher, and as judicious a casuist. His practical writingi 
are numerous. His book ** On Happiness," which has gone through 
many editions, was the most celebrated of his works. When he 
lay at the point of death, one of his friends, taking him by the hand, 
asked him if he was not in great pain ; *' Truly," said he '' the 
greatest pain that I feel is your odd hand ;** aiid presently expired. 
06. 17 DecIfiSI, i».60.» 

SAMUEL PURCHAS, B. D. M. 48, 1625; 
small ; in the title to his ** Pilgrimes/' in Jive vols. fol. 

Samuel Purchas, B; D. in Boissard ;. small ^to. 

Samuel Purchas ; from the one in the title-page. 
W. Richardson. 

Samuel Purchas^ rector of St. Martin's, Ludgate, and chaplain 
to Archbishop Abbot, received his education in the university of 
Cambridge. He, with great pains and industry, enlarged and per- 
fected Hakluyt's " Collection of Voyages and Travels." This work 
is not only valuable for the various instruction and amusement con- 
tained in it ; but is also very estimable on a national, and, I ma; 
add, a religious accountf He died in distressed circumstaDces^ 

* Neale, who, in his ** History of the Puritans/' 4to. tells ns that be recondki 
himself to the church of Rome, and repented of what he had done, seems to hate 
confounded Bolton with his friend Anderton. See Bolton's Artie, in Athen. Oxoii* 

t A late ingenious author has opened a new source of criticism from books ci 
this kind, for illnstrating the Scriptures.^ His treatise, entitled, *' Observations co 
divers Passages of Scripture, &c. grounded on Circumstances incidentally men- 
tioned in Books of Voyages and Travels into the East," 1764, 6vo. contains milf 
curious and useful remarks, deduced from the manners tfnd customs of the easteA 
countries. 



t This ingenious person b, as I am informed, Mr. Thomas Harraer, who wroU 
Remarks on the fecundity of Fishes, printed in the " Philosophical Transactiow/ 
vol. LVII. p. 280, &c. It is strongly conjectured, that he also wrote «* the OotlineM 
of a new Gommeotary on SoioHU)n's Song, drawn by the Help of Instructions ftoil 
the East." I 



■-tii 



^^p 






.AnnnXnmurl Hir/v** L 1 J 


^^^H Iaks' svaCB1vVM-|^-"_-;i^ 


^^^ -.-■-- ■_ -^ i 



Ah March r.ly^y hy'michard/mlfJl/trond^ 



[ - • ■ • • . 

■I f ttB teW. Jiiiii iftb9 iB . ik«i» flfgqwttHwwMH* W wKW Wt pi toti fl M 
tteinfirevolBiiiesfoHo. ..!..'■ 

« 

RICHAIPUS VIG^TWICK, T. B- ^Iter^eid*. 

I CoU. Pembrodhiee, 1624. J. Faberf. large Atd.nfeif. 

—One of the set of Founders, wbose portrait! itre 



f. 



'RiC9A»p Wiio^tw^ck; j(» the ^tfjfprd4tmamclf^'* 

m^ • "V : .- ■ ^^: 

IMt per «Mn^«»'Cta^^ aofliii^ 

JNm nfi of -dme 'follii»i» ^^Mi /iMtf coh^kin. -See Tisdau) 



Thomas Scottus, geographus et theoIogusAnglus. 

^' Qa® DraoOyf qiuere Magellanu? pQtaere Brijtaniuft 
.Prastare,. luc, ^cQjtjtqSt praistitit uogeup." 

In.Boissard; MuiUAto. This print and the faUomng 
representJhe same person. 

Thomas 3gowt, s^rae tbeplogise baccatajareus ; 
^0b. 1626. Mardmilsc. ina^teen verses. 

The Terses under the Head intimate, that he wrote a book to ex- 
pose the treachery of the King of Spain in his treaties with Great 
Britain ; and that the pope, who is styled " Hell^a vicar-general/' 
.the origii$ml. pkfH^t* It also appears, that he was stabbed by 
Lambert, for writing 4hat book. The head is probably prefixed 



** Itiit seems to be a preiumptive proof that Crispin de Pas was in England* 
t Dirake. 

TOL. II. L 



Hi) BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

to the following pamphlet, mentioned in the Harteian Calldogae: 
^* A Relation of the Morder'of Mr. Thomas Scott, preacher oPGod-s 
Word;" dated 1628; 4to.* 

ROBERT BURTON, or Democritus Juiiior. 
C. le Bonf. a small oval, in the title to his " Anatonq of 
Melancholy'' 

Robert Burton, better known by the name of Democritus Jonitt^ 
was younger brotlier to William Burton, author of the " Descriptiol 
of Leicestershire." He compiled " The Anatomy of Melancholy^ 
a book which has been universally read and ad mired. f This woti 
is, for the most part, what the author himself styles it " a Cento;^ 
but it is a very ingenious one. His quotations, which abound in 
every page, are pertinent; but if he had made more use of hisift' 
vention, and less of his cpmmothplace book, his work would pet- 
haps have been more valuable than it is. j: He is generally free from 
the affected language, and ridiculous metaphors, which disgrace 
ipost of the books of his time.§ He was famous for his skill in 
astrology ; and is said to have foretold the precise time of his own 
death. It is certain, that the same thing was reported of him that 
was before said of Cardan, that he died a voluntary death, that his 



" Vox Populi" or Count Gondaraor*s Transactions during his Embassy in Eng- 
land, part ii. by T. S. in eight sheets, 4to. reprinted in the quarto volume of the 
" Phomix Britannicus" p. 341, was judged by Thomas Rawlinson, esq. to be written 
by this Thomas Scott. His conjecture was unquestionably right. 

t He composed this book with a view of relieving his own melancholy ; bat in- 
creased it to such a degree, that nothing could make him laugh but gomg to the 
bridge>foot, and hearing the ribaldry of the bargemen, which rarely failed to thro^ 
him into a violent fit of laughter. Before he was overcome with this horrid dis* 
temper, he, in the intervals of his vapours, was esteemed one of the most faoetiov 
companions in the university. His epitaph, at Chrbt Church, in Oxford, intimiteir 
that excessive application to his celebrated work, was the occasion of his death. 
Pcaicis notita, pauciorHms ignotus, hie jacet Democritu$ Junior, cui vitam dedit H 
mortem melancholia. 

t We are now freed fronj the yoke of pedantry ; and a man may say that envy 
is a tormenting passion, and love an agreeable one ; without quoting Horace, Ovid, 
Seneca, and twenty other poets and moralists, who have said the same thing. Tte 
mode of citation did not only prevail in books, but also in common conversalian;; 
and even at the bar, and on the bench. Sir Edward Coke, in his speech concerning 
the gunpowder-plot, takes occasion to quote the Psalmist and Ovid in several places* ^ 

§ . Some instances of this kind occur in his book ', as p. 465, sixth edit, he calls ; 
the eyes " the shoeing-horns of love." ' 



OF ENGLAND. 7J 

.predictioa mii^t gKwe troe : - bot tbis is very improbdile. 06.. Jan, 
1639. See Adi$n,bz(m. - _ 

Mr. STOCK; under an arch con^poaed cf books * 
FroiOup. to his " Conanentary on Malachi" 1614 ;/o/. 



( 

[ 



Mr, Stock ; inBoissard; anafhcr in Clarke^s " laves;*' 

both small Ato. 

« ». 

Mr. Stock ; prefixed to his " Commentary on Ma^ 
fac*i," 1641. /. Jbsf^^ exc. 

Bidbard' Stock, liector of Allhallowa/ Bread-street, .was a .tef^ 
ttsdiUHui and pathetic preachei*, and of a most exemplary life. His 
meeess in Us niinistry was answerable to bis cbaracter. His 
^Commentary on Malachi'' was esteemed a learned and usefoj 
ML Oh. 20 April, 1626. See FoUer's '' Worthies/' in Yorkd^ie, 

^23L 

' ■ ■ . ■ > 

THOMAS WILSON. T. Cross sc. ruff; blackcap, 
frontispiece to his ^' Christian Dictionary;^ fol. 

Thomas Wilson, minister of St. 6ebrge*s church, in Canterbury; 
was highly esteemed for his learning and piety. In 1614, he pubr 
liflhed his '' Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans,'' which was 
generally approved. His ^' Christian Dictionary," which has been 
4ft& printed, seems to have been the first book ever composed in 
English, by way of concordance.^ He died in the latter end of 
tUs reign, or in the beginning of * the next ; as he is styled, '^ late 
■mister,*' Ac. in the title to the second edition of his Commentary, 
1627. His Funeral Sermon, which is in print,^ was preached, Ja- 
imary 25^ 1621, by William Swift, minister of St Andrew's, in Can- 
Mrary, and great-grandfather of Dr. Swift.t 

NICOLLAS BYFIELD, '' Minister, sojnetimes of 
the city of Chester, but last of Isleworth, in the 
county of Middlesex, where he deceased on the 
fourth day of September, Anno Domini 1620, -iEtatis 



* See the preface to Craden's *' Concordance/' 
t Appendix to Swift's " life of Dr. Swift'' 



72 BIOQRAPHIGAIr HISTORY 

stt^ 40. t&^ tite^t day ^ei^ his death he #^ tipened 
by Mullins the Chirurgeon, who took a stone* out of 
his Madder of this fonn ; being of a soUd substsoice, 
18 inches compass the lei^h way^ and 13 inches 
compass in thickness ; weighed 33 ounces avoirdu- 
pote height;' (Trotter so.) W. Rkhardsm, 17190 ; 
gtuirto ; with the representation of the sUMe. 

WILLIAM PEMBLE> M. A. Vertuese. ITtsjm^ . 
trait is in the right hand group of figures in the 
'* Oaf or d Almanack'' for 1749; it is between WitKam 
3^all and Dr. Poeockj the former rf whom hM 
m b&ok. 

tVilliam I'embie, of Magdalen Hall, in Oxford, was a celebrated 
tutor and divinity reader of that house, to which he was a singular 
ornament. Hb learning was deep and extenshre ; and be has «TeD 
abundant prooft of it, in his writings on historical, metaphysical, 
moral, aiid divine subjects. Adrian Heerebdo^d, profei^sor of pU- 
Itm^ lit \hk diitrersity of Leyden, speaks very ^}Sf af his fibi- 
iili^ in tiis << MeleUmota PhUosapkica/' lliis trsly leorned wi 
pie^tid tKan, afid ex^elletut preacher, died the 14th of Apvil^ 16^ 
dged Oiiij thirty-t#6 years. His English works have been ^fiileeleii 
into bne vcflUfne^ wlneh Ifti6 been Honir times printed. The twoM 
editions are in folio. 

JOHN RAWXINSON, A. M. S. t. P. in the 

*^ Oaf or d Almanack,^' 17 A7. 

John Rawlinson, a fluent and florid preacher of his time, was 
born in London, educated in Merchant Taylors' school, elected 
iseh^kref St. Johti's Gdllege 1591, aged 15, and was afterward 
fellow and M» A. He became^ sticefessivdy, recJtor of Taplow> is 
Bucks, vicar of Asheldam, in Essex, prebendary of Sarum, D. D.. 
principal of St. Edmund Hall, chaplain to tho. Egerton, baron of 
^lesniere, lord-chancellor of England, and dhaplaih in ordiMfy to 
King James I, rector of Selsey, in Sussex, and of Whitchurch, in 
Shropshire : in all which places he was much followed for his edi- 
fying preaching, great tharity, And public spirit. He died 1631, 



OP EUGLJbHD. 73 

md was buried in the chancel of the duurdi at 'Whhchurch, in 
Sfaropshiie* See a liat ^ his nsodu in. Wood's '* Athens Ox- 
OQiensis.^ 

THEOPHILIJS WO©EN(yfE, B. 0. m ike title 
to '' Hermes Theologus, or neiKhDeB&mh ^jpm old Me^ 
ctn^ds;' 1649 ; lim. 

Theqphilas Wodenote, bom at Lankenhorn^ in Cornwall, de- 
loended fiNNd an aneiei^t famil; in Cheshire, was educated at Eton, 
tnd ftom thence removed to Klng^s College, Cambridge, and was 
iseoiporated at Oxford July Idth, 16S0« Ha was. nads' . ifidor tf 
Unkfmhom, the place of his birth« Mr* Wodenote wrote ** Gpod 
ihm(gsiB .<m;bad Times ;^ 'f Hermes Theologus,.'* 1649, and other 
Mdks. SeaWood^s^'Athenoe.^ 

RDBEBT BOYD, ^ Trqc%rig,frm an original in 
^CQU^geqf.Gla^oWi, Mivers sc. 6po. 

lliis'lwnna tMWbss6r w«a ^^ 
kSjiuUrt^ mOMA^ inieBaifds 

.if ftoSUlD^ and fyf TMhrig, %ere descended from Adam B<^, 
tiMson of Alexander, the second son of Robert, lord Boyd, ^ 
Itouods cbaodyeriain df Seoduid in the minority of James III. 

th^ c&iSbMieA Mark Alextoder Boyd was of the family of Pink- 
IdB, and fti^*cotfSin to the professor. — Robert Boyd, of Troc&rig, 
was professor of divinity at Saumur, in France, when he .was invited 
by James VI. to the office of principal of the university of Glasgow. 
Sat not s^jfUrting the king^s views in promoting episcopaisy, he re- 
«gaed, and was thenoalledby the ^^ityof EcUnburghto the same 
station in the university there, and found equal opposition from the 
court He therefore abandoned .that 4:harge, and became minister 
4it Paisley. He died in 1629. 

His writings wercp a Commentary on the Epistle to the Ephesians; 
<iiul a poem called Hetacombe Christiana^ preserved in the DeUdx 
^Mtanm Seaiorufny woA dedicated to his relation, Andrew Boyd, 
(Uop of Argyle, a prelate .eminent for his active virtues in re- 
that barbaric see. 



74 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



NONCONFORMISTS. 

JOHN POD ; Ob. 1646, M. 96. T. Cross 
four English verses; 8w. 

A grave divine; precise, not tnrbulent ; 
And never guilty of the chordies rent: 
Meek even to sinners; most d<^oat to God: 
This is but part of the due praise of Don. — C. 6. 

Copied by W. Richardson. 

This head may be placed with equal propriety in the next rei 
John Dod received his education at Jesus College, in Cambri 
He was in learning excelled by few, and in unaffected piety by n 
Nothing was ever objected to this meek and humble man, bu 
being a Puritan. lie was particularly eminent for his knowl 
of the Hebrew language, which he taught the &moiia'J6|p Ore 
of Christ Church, in Oxford.* He was, from loB UnMfittii o 
Ten Commapdments, which he wrote in conjiinetiqa^ijf|Ck/^ 
Cleaver, commonly called the Decalogist Hu -^f.l^^m 
been printed in various forms: many of them on tw6*^ihee 
paper, are still to be seen pasted on the walls of cottagest A 
woman in my neighbourhood told me, *^ that she should have 
distracted for the loss of her husband, if she had been without 
Dod's ' Sayings' in the house." 

ARTHUR HILDERSHAM, late preacher 
Ashby de la Zouch (in Leicestershire) ; preaching; 

Arthur Hildersham, &c. R. Vaughan sc. 4to 

Arthur Hildersham, who was great-grandson, by the ■ moth< 
George, duke of Clarence, was educated in the Roman Catholi 
ligion ; and when he was about fifteen years of age, disinherite 
his father, for refusing to go to Rome. The Earl of Hunting 
his kinsman, very generously became his patron, and contril 
to his support at Cambridge. He was several times silenced ii 
reign for nonconformity, but was restored by Archbishop A 

* Sec Mr. John Gurganjr's account of his life. 




^ Grave Divine ; precjfe , not uirhuUnt ; 
^4nd nft'er^uil^of the CAutDies Tent : 
Meek evm tajinnerjj maSt devout to GoD; 
*rfw u hmpart ^tja ^e nra^e of dqd 



C.B. 



/iiM^AU 4f/ Ti'JiiiJtan/ten Galle ^iiirt Ztmslcrl!c!4s 



OF ENGLAND. 73 

tilly, the astrologer, in the Memoirs of his own Life, tells us, ^^ that 

he dissented not from the church in any article of faith, but only 

about wearing the surplice, baptizing with the cross, and kneeling 

at the sacrament.'' His ''Lectures on the 51st Psalm/' and his 

Wk on Fasting, shew him to have been a learned and pious man. 

06.4 Mar. 1631, -^^ 69. 

»' 

JOHANNES CARTER, fidelis iUe servus Dei, et 
-pastor Bramfordiensis, in agro Suflfolciensi. J. Dun- 
Mallf. In Clarke's ^^ laves of English Divines.'' There 
"" is another portrait of him engraved by Vaughan. 

John Carter was bom in Kent, and educated at Clare Hall, in 

. Cambridge. He was many yesurs minister of Bramford, in Suffolk, 

and also rector of Belstead in the same county. Though he had 

' been often troubled for nonconformity, he took every occasion of 

^ exerting himself against popery, Arminianism, and the new cere- 

[ monies. Clarke and Neale speak of him as a man of great industry, 

^ charity, and jnety. The former tells us, that when he dined with 

.several ministers at one of the magistrates' houses at Ipsivich, a very 

vain person, who sat at the table, undertook to answer any question 

that should be proposed to him, either in divinity or philosophy. A 

profound silence ensued, till Mr. Carter addressed him in these 

words. " I will go no farther than my trencher to puzzle you : here 

is a soal ; now tell me the reason why this fish, which has always 

lived in the salt water, should come out fresh ?" As the challenger 

did not so much as attempt any answer, the scorn and laugh of the 

company were presently turned upon him. . Ob. 21 Feb. 1634. 

> 

HUGO BROUGHTON, theolog. literarum et lin- 
guarum sacrarum callentissimus, Mt. 37. J. Payne sc. 
4to. six Latin verses. Idem ; Van Hove sc. 

Paynes print is very like, as Clarke informs us in his 
" Life of Broughton," 

Hugh Broughton, a youth of an agreeable and promising aspect, 
was travelling on foot on the northern road, when he was accosted 
by the celebrated Bernard Gilpin, who asked him whither he was 
going. He told him to Oxford, in order to be a scholar. The apos- 



7S. BIOCKAFHICAIi HIBTOET 



Btwmfmfi\m\ml§ ftMiMftrMBcill— iig^ ViAyBWiitmgiii 
a«i load, pvtiedfarij Ui " CoMc^ of TSm^T* Abm^ Ite 
beensn TimrT*** |^i ■■■ ; ImtL kk dcic filin g Id dMfWtcs aboat 
Ae cofaor of Attcii'ji:flphQ^iwd#fcr Ihnigi efMJ^-jriyoloBfl, de- 
aolelHiimnanicDe. HemH MHMtnie aldielieiidarmGOiireii- 
lide in Knghnul wa4 rfleiwd bcl flB gtj d to m eoagiegatioD of 

ft Tcry ttraag p My eM ilf lD.mii^ii|g^ Wdij^JhMir niabml; 
bt wm^ homewer, e Hf<e«f il m notable writer in cumliu f C MJ, He 
hn boen wcij jatttf ocmored'lij tte Rgmmdjlr, Oil| i iir f kk^hi 
iografitodeto Uf ezodlent patron, lAon be aideamaied tofqp- 
.l^iant in die lectorf of Hoog^tton in die Spring, ffis ftpie m 
f^on de dedfaie wben be retained to Kigland; andbis dunadeir 
became atlengUi so degpicable^diat be wu pobB^ iid Jcn l eil opfli 
Ae itage*t V^^^Hkt coigectnted diat be died, about die year 1609; 
bat Us d^tb really bappened, i^ocorduig to Mons. BaylQ» inlOlS^ 
jR. 84. He was die first of oar co unir yuien diat ti^^pbuned "die 
descent of Cbrist into belLby tbe word Hades, die place into wlA^ 
X3urMt descended after bis cmdfizion. Tins did not mean beH, or 
the.];Jace of the damned ; but o6ly the state of the dead, or Ae 
inyisible world, in which sense it was nsed by the Greek fathers.^ 



^lATnsSie of ScripCaR Chwnoiogy . fi» tolb as io 4kis book, iint TMk 
eonunteoect bafkt at tea jcafB.cf-f^e. 
t See fab <• Life of Bernard Gilpin." 
t See the Akhjmht of Ben. Jonson, Act IL Scene S. and Act IV. Sc. 5. The 

f TbonMs Bilioo, bishop of Winchetter, one of the best scholars and purest 
writers of his time« was unfortunately the principal antagonist of Brooghton in thii 
doctrine, wUch is now lecBivied bjr die chinch oi England.. It la worthy of jeodki 
that as fhu prelate was preaching a sermon at St. Paol's Cross,| a sadden pain^ 
occ aa o i iod bj the oaikke or folly of one of the asdkiice, seimd tbe mnltitBde Jhen 
assembled^ who tiioo^t that the church was falling on their heads. The goo^ 
bishop, who sympathiced tnth the people more from pity than from fear, after f 
sufficient pause, reassumed, and went through his sermon with great composuie* 



I A pnVpit in form of a cross, which stood almost' in die nuddle of St PaaF 
Gtuvehjifd. 




NOLAN D. 

ABRAHAMUS AURELIUS, eccles. G 
dini pastor, 2Et. 43, 1618 ; Voersif. 1631 ; 

" Vivos Aureii vultus exsculpsit in rere; 
Mores haud potuit sculpere chaicographus ; 
Neve opus : Eeternis dictig, factisque, librisque, 

Jampridem Mores sculpserat ipse auos." 



PRIESTS OF THE 

" The portraiture of ^hp. 
! they use to sit at cou 
I the Catholic cause. Di 
Vright, F. Palmer, F.l 
j field, F. Higham, F. Sv 
den), D. Smith, F. Love 
ton, F. Porter, F, Patt nn. 



Jea 



OF ROME. 



1 



priests, as 

1 ir to further 

p, „-■. istow. Dr. 

F. Lurtn;tJ, F. Max- 

F, Ployden (or Plow- 

iinineur, F. Worthing- 

No engraver's name, 

rt of" Vo.r populi," towards 



The print is in the second 
• the end. 

The peraons represented are said in this pamphlet to have held 
inteUigence with Gondamor, and to have met at the house of one 
Wet, a goldsmith, in Fetter-lane, who had a printing-press in his 
1| house for popish books, They are tailed Jesuits, and jesuited 

[priests. 



Dr. BISHOP. 

I William Bishop, who was born at Brayles, in Warwickshire, 
I itndied at Oxford, and in several foreign universities. He was em- 
ployed in England as a missionaiy, in the reigns of Elizabeth and 
Jsmes I. in both which he suffered iniprisonment for acting in that 
capacity. He was consecrated bishop of Chalcedon at Paris, the 
Wi of June, 1623, and invested with ordinary power to govern the 
Cathohc church in England. He was esteemed a man of abilities, 
ud was a very active and useful instrument to his party. He wrote 
Mveral pieces of controversy against Mr. Perkins and Dr. Robert 
Abbot, and published Pits's book "Z>e iliuitritms Anglia Scripto' 



BIOGBAPHlCAl' HISTORY 

rilm" iHU gentle ood amidde muuien gained him esteei 
mm of sU-peraouions. He was. thcfint of the cbuichof 
that, after the refbrmatioa, wat Bent into England in an epi 
character,* and died the 16th of April, 1624. 

Dr, BRISTOW. 

Richard Bristow, who was born at Worcester, was educa 
the university of Oxford, where he and Campian entertained 
Elizabeth with a pubhc disputation, and acquitted theroselvf 
applause. He shortly after conformed to the church of Rom 
was invited by the famous Allen, afterward cardinal, to I 
where he distinguished himself In the English college, as 
afterward in that of Rhetms, in both of which he held consic 
employments. The following character of him was found b 
among the records in the former of these colleges : " He 
rival Allen in prudence, Stapleton in acuteness, Campian j 
quence, Wright in theology, and Martin in laaguag'ea." Hif 
was occasioned by severe application to his studies. 

Dr. WRIGHT. 

Dr. Wright, in the list of the names of Romish pries 
Jesuits, resident about the city of London, 1624,t is said t 
been a grave ancient man, treasurer to the priests, and vei 
He wttB probably a different person from Dr. Thomas Wrigh 
was reader of divinity in the English college at Douay, and 
of the book, " De Pauianibtit Animm," and several noted pi 
controversy. The latter, who, according to Dod, does not 
to hare been a missionary here since the reign of Elizabetl 
about the year 1623. 



was a Jeanit. 



Father PALMER 
Father LURTICE 



* I1ii> aiid (be folluwitig iboit account of ptlrsti and Jesuits are chieSj t 
fnm Dad's Histoiy! 
t 'Sie " Pkanix Brilamiau," 4(0. p. 4W- 



OF ENGLAND. 79 

Father MAXFIELD. 

Dod mentions a peraoD, whose name waa Thomas Maxfield, that 

f itDtlied at Douay, where he was ordained priest, and sent upon 

on into England in 1615, and executed the Uth of July 

tbe following year, on account of his sacerdotal character. Queere, 

if the person represented in the print? 

j F. HIGHAM. 

John Highain, who, for the most part, lived abroad, employed 
Wraself chiefly in translating religious books from the Spanish. 
The last of his works, mentioned by Dod. is the " Exposition of the 
Maas," which is dated 1622. Ant. Wood snys lie was a bookseller 
at St. Omer's. See Athen, Oxon. 

F. SWEET. 

> John Sweet, a native of Devonshire, studied at Rome, where hs 
uHered into the society of Jesus in 1 608. He was sent on a mia- 

I HOD from Rome to England, in this reign, and died at St. Omer's, 
the 26tli of February, 1632. He is said to have been the author of 
" A Manifestation of the Apostacy of M. Ant. de Dominis," printed 
uSL Omer's, 1617, in 4to. Dr. Daniel Festley, who was his oppa- 
Kot in a disputation, has introduced him in his " Romish Fisher 
caught, or a Conference between Sweet and Hsher," Load. 1624. 

F. PLOYDEN (or Plowden), 

iJetait, was probably a relation of the famous Plowden, author of 
the " Reports," who was a Roman Catholic. 

Dr. SMITH. 

Dr. Richard Smith, bishop of Chalcedon, appears, according to 
Dod'g account of him, not to have borne any ecclesiastical character 
n England before the year 1625. It is therefore very probable, 
that another Dr. Smith is here meant, and especially as the two 
following; persons of the name are mentioned in the list of Romish 
priests and Jesuits resident about the city of London in 1624. 
"Dr. Smith, senior, some time of the college of Rome, and author 
)f divers pestilent books; and Dr. Smith, junior, author of divers 



80 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

other books no less daugeroas.** A strcmg tNurtjr was raised agaiiut 
the bishop of Chalcedon, by the regular clergy, who londl; 
accused him of infringing their priyQeges. TUs forced him to 
abscond. 

Father LOVET 

was brother to three goldsmiths in London, who were all papists. 

Father ANIEUR;* 



^^ /- 



w)k> wa9 esteemed aii e&t«rprij|iiig ap4 Sinfaroipi i^ot, was i 
Brmchtnan*. . 

Father WORTHmQTON;*/ 

Thomas Wortliiogton, who ww bom at KajttMM^iiaear Wigan, 
in Lancashire, studied at Oxford tpvi Boua]% wWi |e was presi- 
dent of the 6n|^isb college. He ym sAienrard several yean at 
Rome, and Hvir semli lime vpoitltita' kkic/lta^ 
seeing En|hBd a^iA^» where he badftriBcirlyitoiiHai actiTenui- 
sfebary, he obtained kure to Totum' ihiAer, wdA fthMBy after died, 
in" 1686. He inci6 Annoilktioiis feir the-Douaf Bible, in the traoi- 
Imtion df wtiich he had a principal share, add #tta author of seveiflt 
books menti6ned by Dod. His ^ Caialogus tShirtyrum m An^* 
&c. was sold at the high price of 11«» 6tf.^t the Iraleof Mr. Richaid 
Smith's library, 1682. The original price of this ptun^ihlet ma fio 
more than 6d. 

Father PORTEK 

was a Jesuit. 

Father PAT ESON 

was also a Jesuit. I know nothing of Father Wood, who was pro- 
bably of the same fraternity. He is the fifth pet1k>n mentioned in 
the description of the print. 

HENRICUS GARNETUS, Anglus, e SodetaU 
Jesu; passus 3 Mali, 1606. Joh. Wieriverc. \2mo. 

* The name should be thus spelt, and not Aniaeur. 





Ji.i/ys&c/ Oif'}''l/^mbyHr-^,l-A^rdl<!r,.if-rA/&usr.ilSrn,iui. 



OF ENGLAND. 81 

Henricus Qarnetus ; in an ornamented oval; two 
Latin lines y ** Si quid patiminiy^ 8^c. scarce. Copied by 
^. Richardson. 

Henhicus Garnetus. R. Sadeler. 

Henricus Garnetus ; small foUo. 

*' In the gallery of the English Jesuits," says Dr. Burnet, ** among 
depictures of their martyrs, I did not meet with Garnet ; for, per« 
^ps, that name is so well known, that they would not expose a 
picture with such a name on it, to all strangers : yet Oldcom, 
Mng a name less known, is hung there among their martyrs, 
though he was as clearly convicted of the gunpowder treason, as 
the other was."* 

Henry Garnet, who was horn in Nottinghamshire, received his 
education at Rom^, where he entered into the society of Jesus 
when he was twenty years of age. He was a man of various learn- 
ing, and was professor of philosophy and Hehrew in the Italian 
college at Rome ; and was so well skilled in the mathematics, that 
be there supplied the place of the celebrated Clavius, when by his 
age and infirmities he was incapacitated to attend the schools. It 
does not appear that he was active in the gunpowder-plot ; and 
he declared, just before his execution, that he was only privy to it, 
and concealed what was revealed to him in confession. He was 
executed the 3d of May, 1606.t 

Ven. P. F. BENEDICTUS, Anglus, Capucinus, 
Praedicator, &c. Obiit 1611, M. 49, <§r. J. Picart 
incidit. From the same book with the next print. 



* Burnet's Letter from Rome. Mr. Addison, in his Travels, saw the pictures of 

of the two GametSj Oldcorn, &c. at Loretto. 
t " That the Jesuit Garnet was honoured as a martyr (though he disclaimed all 

pretensions to it himself, in his own remarkable apostrophe, < Mt Martyrem ! 

fiaUm MartyremV) we have the authority of a brother of this order, Eudeemo- 
I Johannes, a Cretan Jesuit* who wrote his * Apology,' and published it at Cologn, 
■ ii 1610, with a very curioas froBtbpiece> GametU /ac« pourtrayed in tJie centre ^' a 
I fikeut ttraw (such as ii appeared to one of hU diicipleSf who kept it ana relic), encircled 

with this legend, * M iraculota Effigies R. P. H. Garnet, Soc. Jes. Martyris Angli- 

can), 3 Maii, 1606.' " Note to Benj. Pye's third Letter. 



82 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

The secular name of Father Benedict was William Fich (Fy tche), 
of Camfield, in Essex. There is a very ancient and opulent family 
of the n'ame/xseated at Danbury Place, near Chelmsford, in that 
county. 

V. p. ARCHANGELUS, Scotus, Capucinus, Prae- 
dicator, &c. Obiit 1606, jEt. 36. conversion. 13, die 
2 Aug. J. Picart incidit. Front the History of his Life, 
written first in French^ and now translated into English 

by R.R.a Catholic priest ; published at Douay, 1623. 

' 'i 

It appears, by this account, that his secular name was John 
Forbes ; and that he was son of the Lord Forbes, by Margaret 
Gordon,* daughter of the Marquis of Huntley. 

SIR TOBIE MATTHEW, son of T. Matthew, 
archbishop of York, was a Jesuit, f but 1 believe no 
missionary ; an employment to which he seems not 
to have been very well adapted, as he was rather of 
an unclerical character. J See the next reign. 

ROBERT PARSONS ; fol. Neeffs. 
Robert Parsons ; \2mo. Wieria\ 
Robert Parsons ; in FreheruSy p. 274. 

* _ • 

Robert Parsons, with Campian, Garnet^ and 
R. Blond, in a title. 

Robert Parsons, Jesuit; Vlmo, Evans ejcc. 



♦ According to Douglas's " Peerage/ her name was Christian. ! 

+ See the " Biog. Brit" vi. p. 4048. j 

X Arthur Wilson informs us, that a new order called Jesnitrices, was set on foot j 

in Flanders, in this reign, by Mrs. Ward, and Mrs. Twittie, English ladies, who J 

assumed the Ignatian habit ; and that they were patronised by Father Gerard , rector . 
of the English college of Jesuits, at Liege ; but that they were discountenanced by 

others of that fraternity. Soon after, Mrs. Ward was, by the pope, appointed ^ 

" mother-general of two hundred ladies of some distinction, whom she commissioned .J 

to preach," &c. — ^Wilson, in Rennet's Hist. vol. ii. p. 729. « 




fradteater: el Ve/inifcf //ri'it I 

Demini fda/ ./2 U Aif^n^h a A fys t- 

anaifraiene ad Itc/i^isner/i Sfa// n i 






T,'f/i.A,./AfiTI':£,W 



. n„^c Si,-r./J.t,-.'^i,- j^;,'./^. 







dum 'Xclu.s intrs ^ortalifnatl m Orhcj 
^..icu^t ^.Udit fiamma corafca plants - 

Zrr^ii c( duUo Sulla Nolans adSi . 
fDy^ploK cu>n Tibi sit Santivruut JVomcrSJtru_ 
rJn-uUam. pciritcr /.•enurrmt, ^lm.t , tuaiTL..( 



Marai ^//jpj; Sy W^c^rM n N"Z h Prand. 



OF ENGLAND. 83 

There are mangf political and satirical prints by 
R. de Hw^hCy Sgc. in which tht portra^ of Parsons is 
introduced. 

Robcart Parsofus, bOTn in ' Somersetshire in 1546. was educated at 
BUBoI GoUegey Ozfoid, ^Uch lie: left after jesigning his fellofrship; 
and went to Gales -and -Antwetpb. .'He stiidnd.idiysi&and chril law 
mt Padoa; which he soon relinquished and went to Rome, wherehe 
was admitted into the .sodety oC Jesas^went throogh^^evarioos 
stddiesy and retiiDrned to Engliuod with Campian and others; '. He 
frequented the houses of Catholics in disguise, to inspre Ijiem' with 
seditious and re|)eUions sentiments. Gampian being seized, Parsons 
returned to Ro^e, in hof^ of a cardinal's hat ; but was disep- 
pointed, and died of grief 1610. His writings are yery nunuarons. 
See Woodls Athensa. 

« ■ i ■ 

EDWARD OLDCORN. Bouttatssc. 

t 

Edward Oldcom, alias HaD. was bom in Yorkshire, reomedi 
part of hte education in the cdlege of RheimiB,'and finished it at 
Rome. He came over to England with Father Qerard, and Wlui 
sent by Garnet into Worcestershire ; where, on an accusation of 
being concerned in the powder-plot, he was apprehended, tried, and 
executed, 1606, ^t. 45. 



CLASS V. 

COMMONERS IN GREAT EMPLOYMENTS. 

SIR RALPH WINWOOD, secretary of state; 
\M. 49. Mierevelde p. 1613. Vertiie sc. 1723; h. sh. 
{Another by Henry Honditis. The former is before 
\}ds " Memorials.''^ It was engraved for the Duke of 
[Montagu. 

Sir Ralph Winwood, who was a man of eminent ability and un-. 
tished integprity, was not sufficiently polished as a courtier, as 



84 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

there was ^' somethiDg harsh and auperciliouB" in his demeanour.* 
When he was resident at the Hague, he delivered the remonstrance 
of James I. against Vorstius the Arminian, to the assembly of the 
States ; to which they seemed to pay very little attention^ Upoo 
this the king proceeded to threaten them with his pen; and ph&dy 
told them, that if they had the hardiness '^ to fetch again liidiit kdl, 
ancient heresies long since dead, &c. he should be conttzmiael to 
proceed publicly against them.t"^ It is certain, that his Hijlsty 
wrote a pamphlet against Gonr. Vorstius, which was prbitad in 
161 1 : he dedicated it to Jesus Christ. Sii Ralph Winwood^died 
in 1617. 

SIR EDWARD HERBERT, ambassador to 
France. See a description of his portrait in the 
next reign. Class IX. 

Sir Edward Herbert had too much spirit and fire for the phleg- 
matic and pacific James ; ^nd was better qualified to threaten, than 
to remonstrate. His spirited behaviour to the insults of the con- 
stable de Luisnes, the French minister, was the oocaaion of his 
being recalled, and he was replaced by the gentle Earl of Carlisle* 

SIR THOMAS SMITH, knt. late ambassador 
from his majesty to the great emperor of Russia, 
governor of the honourable and famous societies of 
merchants trading to the East Indies, Muscovy, 
the French, and Summer Islands company, treasurer 
for Virginia, &c. S. Passceii^ sc. 1617. Prejired to his 
" Voyage to Russia^' 4to. 

Sir Thomas Smith, knight. W. Richardson. 

Sir Thomas Smith, with autograph. Thane. 

Sir Thomas Smith, of Bidborough, in Kent, was second son of 
Thomas Smith, esq. of Ostenhanger, in the same county.J "^ 






D 



k 



♦ Birch's " Historical View of the Negotiations between England, France, »*" .-: 

BrasseU," p. 296. 

t Idem, p. 7l5. -f 

t See the genealogy of his family. No. 1 and 147 of Dr. Backler's " »emn»^^ / 

Chicheleana ;" whence it appears, that he descended from a brother of Archbishop ^j. 

Chichcle, and that Sir Sidney Stafford Smythc is descended from his second s0i^ j.; 




' PfH soaonrabft S-Jfwm, 




BNQLANir: ' 85 

ras' fiumer of the'cusiopaii in the pre<ie(li]ig reign; and dbtin- 
^oiBbed himself by^ his knowledge of trade, which was much cul- 
ivated by Elizabeth. He was, soon after the accession of James, 
ippointed ambassador to the Emperor of Knssia; and published 
inaocoont of his Voyage* to that country, to which his portrait is 
piefized. He was aidtfier^nt person ftbm Sir Thomas Smith of 
Abingdon, in Berkshire, "who was mastei^ of requests^ and Latin 
lecretary to 'James.* 

1 

Sm DUDLEY CARLETON, inscribed, " Ilhist. 
exceU. ac prudent. Domino, Dudley o Carleton, equjti, 
Magnae Britanniee regis apud Cbnfffideratarum Pro- 
vinciarum in iBelgio, ordines, leg9:to, &c. Pictoriae 
artis non solum admiratori, sed etiam insigniter perito. 
Sculptor dedicat." M. Mierevelt p. W.Delff ic. dated 
1620 ; 4 to. Th^e is another print of him by Sturt.— 
His portrait is at Christ Church, in Oxford. . 

Sir Dublbt. Carleton, viscount Dorchester. 
divers sc. In ** Noble AtUhors,'' by Park ; 1806. 

Sir Dudley Carleton. Harding, 

Sir Dudley Carleton, aftilrward viscount Dorchester, was ambas- 
lador in Holland, and at Ven]<^,' where he was chiefly resident, 
rhe negotiations of this accomplished minister, lately published, 
elate, for the most part, to the synod of Dort, in which King 
ames' deeply interested himself. In the next reign, he was con- 
tituted secretary of state; and was upon the point of being sent 
> the Tower, for barely naming the odious word excise^ in the last 
urlianient but one, that met at Westminster, before the long par- 
Mnent.t ^*^^- 15 Feb. 1631-2. 



•In vol. iii. p. 118, of Winwood's "Memorials," is the following passage: 
Oar East India merchants have lately built a goodly ship of above 1300 tun, to 
! laanching wbefcof the king and prince were invited, and bad a bonntiful ban- 
ett The king graced Sir Thomas Smith, the governor, wi^h a chaine, in manner 
a collar, better than 2001. with his picture hanging at it, and put it about his 
:k with bis own hands, naming the great ship Trades Increase; and the prince* 
tinnace of 250. ton (built to wdt upon her). Pepper Com, 
' Howel's *' Letters," vol. ii. No. 64. 

L. II. ^ 



f» 



86 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

The Right Hon. Sir THOMAS EDMONDS, knt 

Stow sc. halfsh. 

Sir Thomas Edmonds was the filth and yoangestson of Thonss . 
Edmonds, castomer of the ports of Plymouth, and of Fowej^k I 
Cornwall, and was bom in the former town in 1563* His mote L 
was Joan, daughter of Anthony Delabere, of Sherburne, in Donel- 
shire. He is said to have been introduced at the conit of Klirjhrtii 
by his namesake, Sir Thomas Edmonds, comptroller of her house- Is 
hold ; and he certainly received there the rudiments of his politicil 
education from Sir Francis Walsingham. In 1592 the queen ^r 
pointed him her agent in France, in the affairs of the King of 
Navarre and the Protestants, and he remained there till 1596; 
when she made him her secretary for the French tongue. He r^ 
tnmed to Paris in the following year, in the same cfaaneter; is 
1600 was her resident at Brussels, and a commissiooer ai tfaetnsjlf 
of Boulogne; and in 1601 was appointed one of the clerks of the 
privy council, and was again minister at Paris. He was knighted 
by James I. May 20, 1603, and in 1604 was sent ambassador to 
the emperor ; during his absence at whose court the reversion of - 
the office of clerk of the crown was granted to him, and he was 
chosen member for the borough of Wilton. He returned fhna 
Brussels in 1609, and was soon after ambassador at Paris, where 
he remained for some years. On the 21st of December, 1616, he 
was appointed comptroller, and on the 19th January, 1619, tiea- 
surer of the royal household; and in the intero^ediate yeamw 
8w<mi of the privy council. He represented the unureiyity. if 
Oxford in the first parliament of Charles L In 1629, b^ was atop 
more ambassador in France ; and on his return retired from fnddiP 
affairs to his manor of Albyns, in Eseex, which wa^ broughl to Iw 
by his wife Magdalen, daughter and coheir of Sir J^h« Woodt k^i 
clerk of the signet; and where he employed Inigo Jopea tp buM 
him a mansion, now the seat of the family of Abdy. - He dM 
Sept. 20, 1639; leaving one son, Sir Henry Edmonds, K.B. and 
three daughters ; Isabella, wife of Henry, lord Delawar ; Mary, 
married to Mr. Robert Mildmay, ancestor of the lords Fitzwaller.; 
and Louisa, to a servant of her Other's family. The original lettsffs 
and otKer important papers of Sir Thomas Edmonds, in twelve Mis 
volumes, which were once possessed by Secretary Thurloe, and 
afterward by Lord Chancellor Somers, have lately been added by 
the Most Noble Duke of Buckingham^ to the superb collection of 



OF ENGLAND. 87 

HSS. vUdi haa beea lon^ fixming rader the judicious directjoo uS 
b gtaoe, aad hii anoeaton. 

WILUAM TRUJIBULL, esq. envoy to the 
; iDBit of Bmssds. from King James I. and King 
'Oariesl. Otho rddi p. U>17. G.Vertuegc. 1726; 
id. 

TicMBrLL, agCBt poor les toys Jac. I. et Char. I. 

'fe. 

M. GriLL- TsuiiBrLi- A GriUiin tc. 4t«, 



; WiUum Ti ii BiH ibTI ^ CBO. v 
IHd. TlxnsaahHta 



< (■Kri/dK <ieAM af Ac yiwy 

MBus-Befa.- Smwmmtl 
llBSir AnL Wdds'a-C^Ktitf CJi« J«a«^- fu fti. 

HEXRY 5Enil£, siLbB£sui«r to Fnace, 
16». W. X. Ger^. 

8b Heniy Neville, of 
KiiaB at court to a ' 
ibfunotiDo the 
afsiqa of great 
■■ador to France in Jf^ m 
^tatnmg year, acted as &•> ■■■■ 
llpa. Unfivtnnately for ha^fc 
before the liiaLUiwf 49 
Mbb he unraiily Uatened to b^H: 



■ In anaignnimtT named 
kTower for misprision of 

■ tietam to his charge in P' 
ki which (as appears fram a 
»«fipled to five thousand po* 
F»uaiy circmnstancea by d»* 
pBed 1^ in the next reign ' 



fMddMr.Piipc. 




88 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



and repugnant to his spirited disposition. We find^bm^lMqeGtaq 
and executing various little schemes for the te m pbr af j^ iijfa|''oi 
James's necessities ; and, in spite of the efforts madU byliU^&Wfl 
to get him appointed secretary in 1612, he was nejrecaiKwwAfto 
any high employment; owing, as it is said, to tfae.ldiqf^, 
conceived a personal dislike to him.* Sir Henry "died Jnlti 
1615. He was ancestor to Lord Braybroke. 




, ANTONIUS SHERLEYUS, Anglus, &c.y 
Sophi Persarum legatus invictissimo Gaesar^^ 
risque princibus Christianis, &c. S^idim'i 
(sculptor) D: D. Ato. 1612: 

• r ■ -. ' ■ 

^ Anton. Sch£;rleyus, Ang. &c. in a cloak ;ijfm 
chain, appendant to which is a medal of the Sophi^fiSto. 
This scarce and curious print was ^ probably y 
one of the Sadelers. 



• »■» 'w 







Antonius Sherleyus, in.armouVj inasqudft^wth 
arms; Joannes Orlandi formis Romce, ^c^ 16Ql.;Tr^. 

Sir Anthony Shirley, second son of Sir Tlimnas Surlqr of 
Wiston, in Sussex,t was one of the gallant adventurers 'who^went 
to annoy, the Spaniards in their settlements in the West bi^fiosin 
the former reign. He afterward travelled to Persia, add i^undl 
to England in the quality of ambassador from, the Sophi, in; 3812. 
Hie next year he ■ published an account of his travels; 
knight of the order of St. Michael in France, a knight jp|f< I 
in Spain, and was, by the Emperor of Grermany, raised 
aity of a count; and the King of Spain made himadi 
Levant sea. He died in Spain, after the year 1630. 

ROBERTUS SHERLEY, Anglus, Comes Cae- 
sareus, Eques auratus. Under the oval is this inscrip 
tion: " Magni Sophi Persarum Legatus ad sereniss 
D. N. Paulum P. P. F. cceterosque Principes Qhrtsti 



♦ See Lodge's " Illustrations of British History/' 4to. 
t Of which seat there is a view by Hollar. 




OF ENGLAND. 89 

inos. Ingresstis Romania solenni pompa, die 28 Septemb. 
1609, atat. sua 28.. G. M.f. (Ronne) ^vo. 

I never saw this print but in Mr. Gulston's collection^ 

RoBERTUs Sherley, iic. a fuc simile from the ori- 
ginal. J. F (ittkr) sculp. 1789. 

Sir Robert Sherley; whole length ^fol. Birrellsc. 

Sir Robert Shirley, brother to Sir Anthony, was introduced by 
him to the Persian court; whence, in 1609, and the twenty-eighth 
year of his age, he was sent by the Sophi ambassador to Rome, in 
the pontificate of Paul V. He entered that city with eastern mag- 
nificence, and was treated with great distinction by the pope. A 
spirit of adventure ran through the family of the Shirleys. Sir 
Thomas, the eldest of the three brothers, was unfortunate.* 

*' RICHARD PERCEVAL, esq. secretary, re- 
membr^ncer, and one of the commissioners for the 
office of receiver-general of the court of wards • in 
England, register of the same court in Ireland, 
and member of parliament for the borough of Rich- 
mond, in the county of York. Born Anno 1550, 
died 1620, -^t. 69." Faberf. %vo. Engraved for the 
" History of the House of Yveryy' Sgc. 

This gentleman descended from a family which was long seated 
at North Weston, and afterward at Sydenham, near Bridgewater,in 
the county of Somerset, where it flourished for more than five cen- 
turies. He was a principal officer under Robert Cecil, earl ^bf 
Salisbury, in the court of wards, and was appointed register of that 
court when it was erected in Ireland. This occasioned the removal 
of his family into that kingdom, where it continued to flourish. He 
was ancestor to the Earl of Egmont. 

* In Purchas's " Pilgrims," much is said about these two brothers; and Fuller, 
in his " Worthies' in Sussex," makes mention of all three. Sir John Finet, in his 
" Philoxenes," gives a curious account of Sir Robert and his embassy to this country. 
There is also a quarto book, black letter, called "The Travels of Three English 
Brothers ; 1. Sir Thonaas Sherley j t. Sir Anthony Sherley; 3. Sir Robert Sherley; 
with SirTbomas Sherley's return into England this present ycar,1607." — J. Bindlky. 



90 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



CLASS VI. 

MEN OF THE ROBE. 

THOMAS EGERTONUS, baro de EUesmew, 
Anglias cancellarius. S. Passaus sc. 4to. 

Lord Chancellor Ellesmere. Bocquet sc. Di 
« Nobk Authors,'' by Park ; 1806. ; 

Thomas Egertonus, baro de Ellesmere, &g. 

Hok sc. 

Thomas Egerton, &c. Crass sc* 1664. In " The 

Conveyancers Light.''' 

Thomas Egebton, Sec. ovaly sittif^ in a chair. 

Trotter sc. The original at Wootton^ourtf in Kent. Pnr 

fixed to ** Memoirs of the Peers of England^"* 4ft>. 180$S. 

Thomas Egertoistus, &c. Ato. W. Richardson. 



Thomas Egertok, viscount Brackley, l<wd 
chancellor. R. Cooper sc. 1816 ; from the original in 
the collection of the Most Noble the Marquis of Strqf- 
ford; in Mr. Lodge's " Illustrious Portraits J^ 



Made lord- The Lord E^smere, foitnder of the house of Bridgewster,' 

1^^*^' adorned the office of chancellor^ by Mi knowledge, his integrity^ 

38 Eiiz. and has writings. When the king received the seal of him af Ui 

cbaV^'^' resignation, he was in tears>* the highest testimeny he could paf 

1 Jac. I. to his merit. Several of his writings, relating to his high office^ mii 

^^^^ the court in which he presided, are in print.t He died in a iwj 

advanced age, 1617. It was while Lord Ellesmere held the gpreal 

seal, that the famous contest began between the courts' of coQunra 

law and that of chancery ; the jurisdiction of which, by the tyranlij 



* Camden in Kennet, vol. ii. p. 647. 
t See Worral's Cat. of Law Books. 




FuiLfhtd^rihtAd liriih Sif-. 'r/jfiij Wni^]iar.Jr^rU^itShM.^i.f,i.^.^ 



; QF ^fiaLANB. '91 

of ctstom, i«th«r tbaa ilie d^^gfi ^ its imtitituHiiy wtt mipch more 
circiuBscribed than it is at preswL Sir Edward Coke,.who, wiA 
gieat judgment, bad strong prejudicei, asserted/ that a cause gained 
ialhe EingV Bench/by fi flagogU impostorejcoakl not be mnened 
by the Court of Equity.* 

SIR FRANCIS BACON, Vm^mxTT^.yertM9Q. 
large ito^ 

lUs was tfttgrared aftar tbti migiwali| nqmia Ifae ball al Cbibaoh 
-bary, aeav St. Alban'a^ the sMt tif Lord Gcinistoi^ 



Fbancis Bacon, &c^ C Johnson p^ Cooper;:^ 

Franciscus Baconus, &c. 1626, M.QQ. '' Moniti 
mdioftui^ praikcAly tgfSSmm Pass; frwHspm^ to 

Dr. timU^f's edit, of JmjU^ 17As 

has been several times copied. 

m 

Sia Fbavcm Bacov ; 4 smaU mat head^ tegether 
with that of Sir Philip Sidney, and tht heads <ftwo 
foreigners. W. Faithome so. Engraved for a title to a 
book, 12nio. 

Franciscus Baconus, ^. 66. Hollar f 4to. 

Sir Francis Bacon. Van Hove sc. 4to» 

Franciscus Bacon« Verttcesc. 1728: h.sh. 

Sir Francis Bacon ; a medallion. Vertue sc. 

Francois Bacon. IHsrtichers sc. %va. 

* A fellow swore in court, tint he left the principal -witness in sach « condition, 
i^al if he continued in it but half an hour longer, he must inevitably die. This was 
latniall J understood -of ^e dejiperate f tate ef his disease ; but the trath was, that 
he left him at a tavern, with a gallon of sack at his mouth* in the abt of dfinkii^. 
Fhis fraud, which equals anj thing that Cicero relates in his " Offices," lost the 
plaintiff h]« salt See -"Bieg. Brit" artic. Egerton,Dote<F). See also BktfkHpne's 
* CoBOient^ vol. iii. chap. 4, where the. author hints at this imposture, 
t The name of the vender. 



92 BIOGJtAPHICAL HISTORY 

FRAirciscosBAboifjbarodeVerulkm^ ftc. JEtM, 
1626 ; sittinff'ihacHair.W. Hollar fee. 1670 ; foUo. 

Sir Francis Bacon. Geramia sc. In the " R(n/al 
and Noble Authors^'' by Park. 

Made loid- . Knowledge, judgm^nty and eloqueocey were eminently united in 

^1^' tUe Lord Chaiicellor Bacon. But these great qualities were debased, 

1616-7. or . rendered useless, by his want of integprity. He that prendel 

-wifth\ such/great abilities, as the aibiter of right and wrong, in die 

highest court of justice in. the kingdom, was' the dope of his owi || 

servants, who are said to have cheated him at the lower end of the 

taU^V while he sat abstractedat the upper end. It has been alleged 

in his favour, that though he took bribes, his decreeswere just S«e 

Class IX. 

SIR EDWARD COKE, lord chief-justice (of the f 
King's Bench). Houbraken sc. In the possession <f 
Robert Coke^ esq. Illust. Head. 

Edovardus Cokus, &c. -Sf. Pass^eUs sc. SLeLatm 
i>erse^; small Ato. 

Sir Edward Coke : '^ Pjudens qui patiens ;'* 1629. 
J. Payne sc. 4 to. A whistle hangs at his breast. 

ISdwardus Coke, &c. copied from the ficvt above; ' 
4to.; another 12mo. 

Edwardus Cokus; sia: Latin verses. 

Sir Edward Coke. Loggan sc. h. sh. 

Edvardus Coke. R. White sc. h. sh. 

■ Sir Edward Coke, &c. J. Cooper exc. h. sh^mezz. 

Sir Edward Coke; copied from Houbraken, in 
mezzotintOy by Miliary of Dublin. -[ 

Sir Edward Coke. Cross, 1664 ; in the title-pdffl 
to " The Conveyancer's Guide'' 



OF ENGLAN0W 93 

Sjh Edward Coke; Svo. T. Trotter. 
Sir Edward Coke; mezz. A. Millar ^ 1744. 

There is a whole length of Um fit Petworth, 

Sir Edward Coke, author of the " Commentary on Littleton," was, Promot. 
can hiB great knowledge and experience in the law, eminently ^** *^» 
aalified for the highest dignity of his profession. But^ihese qua- 
Bcations, great as they were, scarcely compensated for his inso- 
nee and excessive anger ; which frequently vented themselves in 
xmriiity and abuse, when he was sitting on the bench.* ,He 
trried his adulation still higher than his insolence, when he called 
le Duke of Buckingham " our Saviour" upon his return from^ 
pain.f It is remarkable, that there were only fifteen volumes of 
Sports extant, when his ^rst three volumes were published.^ 
"here is as great a disproportion between the collective body of the 
iw at present, and that which was in Sir Edward Coke's time, as 
lere is betwixt the . latter and the Twelve Tables. Viner has 
bridged it into twenty-two folios ; and Sir William Blackstone, 
ke an expert chymist, has drawn off the spirit, and left the caput 
lortuum for the benefit of the lawyers* Sir Edward died at his 
ouse at Stoke, in Buckinghamshire, the 3d of September, 1634, 
I the eighty-third year of his age.§ 

HENRICUS MONTAGU, miles, summus justi- 
:iarus banci regis. F. Delaram sc. Ato. 

Another ; or the same plate greatly altered^ by De- 
2ram ; sijc Latin wrses^ Ato. 



* When be presided at the trial of Sir V^Talter Raleigh, he called him " Traitor, 
onster, viper, and spider of hell :" and he told Mrs. Turner, who was concerued 
the poisoning of Sir Thomas Overbury, that " She was guilty of the seven deadly 
Ds; she was a whore, a bawd, a sorcerer, a witch, a papist, a felon, and a murderer." 
t Clarendon, vol. i. p. 6. 

% In Barrington*8 " Observations on the Statotes," 3d edit. p. il3, note, is this 
usage concerning him : *' The late publication of the Journals of the House of 
imiDons shews, that he did not prostitute his amazing knowledge of the municipal 
w to pditicjil purposes ; as he generally argues in the same manper and from the 
ne mthorities which he cites in his ' Institutes*' '' 
$ Birch's " Lives." There is a mistake concerning his age, in the <* Biographia." 

)L. ir. o 



94 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Henry Montague, earl of Manchester; in " Nohk 
Authors;' by Park, 1806. 

Promot. Sir Henry Montagu, son of Sir Edward, and grandson to Lord 
1616. ' Chief-justice Montagu, in the reign of Henry VIH. was, upon the 
removal of Sir Edward Coke, made lord chief-justice of the King's 
Bench. Such was his merit in his profession, that he was not at alt 
disgraced by succeeding so great a man. He was afterward, by the 
interest of ilie countess, or rather marquis, of Buckingham, pro- 
moted to the high office of lord-treasurer ; but was soon pulled down 
by the hand-that, raised him, as he was not sufficiently obsequious to 
that haughty favourite. See Class II. see also Maitchester in 
the next reign. 

Sm JULIUS C^SAR, knight, master of the 
Rolls, &c. R. Elstracke sc. 4to. Sold by Compton Hol- 
land; rare. 

Sib Julius C^sar. Thane esc. 
Sir Julius Caesar. Stowsc. 

His portrait is at Benington, in Hertfordshire. 
Promot. Sir Julius CsBsar descended, by the female line, from the Duke 
1614.^' de Cesarini, in Italy, was judge of the High Court of Admiralty, 
and one of the masters of Requests in the preceding reign. Upon 
the accession of James, he was knighted, and constituted chancellor 
and under-treasurer of the Exchequer; and in 1607, sworn of the 
privy council. He was not only one of the best civiUans, but also 
one of the best men, of his time. His parts and industry rendered 
him an ornament to his profession ; and his great charity and bene- 
volence an ornament to human nature.* He died the 28th of } 
April, 1639, and is buried in the church of Great St. Helen's near 
Bishopgate, London. His monument, designed by himself, repre- 
sents a scroll of parchment. The inscription, in wlochjie engages' 

* A gentleman, who once borrowed Sir Julius's coach (which was as well knoim I 
to the poor people as any hospital in England), was so surrounded with beggars ili 
London, that it cost hini all the money in his purse to satisfy their importunities, i 
In short, Sir Julius was a person of prodigious bounty to all who had worth or want | 
to recommend them to his notice j so that he might seem to be almoner>genertl'oi 
the nation. 




J'\nia(it ancC T^rorieU. LonC Cfietfe 
lusiic! ofjhc Xln^e's TiencKifc. 



rj, lyVli^tUrjfi,tflt,l.l7flW3iyf--mJ 



OF ENGLAND. 95 

liinuelf willingly to pay the debt of nature to his Creator, ib id the 
fonn of a bond; appendant to which is his seal, or coat of srmB, 
widi his name affixed. He left many thing;s behind him in manu- 
script. 

SIR HENRY HOBART, knight and baronet, 
lord chief-jqsticB of the Common Pleas. S. Pas- 

mus sc.'Atd.- ■" - ■ 

Sir Henhy Hobabt. CrotiK. 1664; in the tiUe- 
pagt to " The Conveyance?'' s Light." , 

His portrait, by Cornelius Jansen, is at Lord Bnckingbato's at 
Bllckling, Norfolk, where there are Bereral rery vld fmintings of 
theaaiDG family. 

Sir Henry Hobart,* member of parliament for Norwichf ia this Framoi. 
Kign, was knigliteil upon the accession of Jamea; abd, in 1611, jg"",,'' 
created a baroaet. On the 26th of Norember, 1613, be was made 
lord chief-justice of the Common Pleas. His " Reports" have ^ne 
through five editions. His head ii prefixed to the two fint in quarto 
aidtblio. -' 

SIR JAMES LEY, knight and baronet, lord 
chief-justice of the King's Bench. Payne/. 8m. 

Sir James Ley. W. Richardson. 

Sir JaoKB Ley; aixtb son of Henry Ley, esq. of Tesfont, or Tef- Promot. 
foot, b Wiltshire, was for his singular merit made lord chief-justice J™*^' 
in Ireland, and afterward in England, by James I. He was also, 
by that prince, created baron Ley, of Ley, and constitnted' lord 
high- treasurer ; in which office he was succeeded by Sir Richard 
ffeston.t On the accession of Charles, he was created earl of 
Marlborough. Ob. 14 Mar. 1628-9. He maintained an unble- 
mished character in all his great offices, and deserves to be remem- 
bered as a considerable antiquary, as well as an eminent lawyer. 



* The name is proDoanccd Hubbart, or Hubbud. 

f liojrd lajri, that " He bad a good tempei enough for a judge, bal na( for a 
aleuDani aod for any sUtennan, but a loid-Creaauter; and foe any loid-ueasDrer, 
.1 in King Cbarlu's aclne time." — Lloyd'i " Woilliiei," Svo. p. 911. 



W BIOOEAPHICAL HISTORY 

HiB *' Reports,'' befeM which is his head, were test {Mnnted in 1659, 
fc^o. SeTeral of his pieces, relative to ftntiqnity, were published 
by Heome. 

s 

FRANCISCUS MORE, de Faley, in comitatu 
fierks^ miles, &c. W. Faithorne f. large Ato. 

Sib Francis Mobe. jP. F. TT. e^c. 4to. neat. 

Sir Francis More, bom at East nsley, or Ildesley, aear Wantage^ 
in Berkshire, was a frequent speaker in pariiameiit in ihis and the 
preceding reign. In 1614, he was made serjeanttit law; and, in 
. 1616, knighted by King James, at Theobal^s^ He^was a man of 
merit in his profession* and of a general jgood character* His 
** it^ports,*' in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I. were published 
in 1663, ^th his portrait prefixed. His learned reading concenuog 
the statute on chturitable uses, which he drew up himself, is printed 
with Duke's ixK>k on that subject Oh. 20 Nov. 1621, M. 63. Be 
lies huried at Great Fawley, near Wantage. 

MICHAEL DALTON, Arm. JEt. 64, 1618; ito. 
Etched by the Rev. Mr. Tj/san, in 1770, after a painting 
of Cornelius de Neve^ in the possession ofW* Greaves, esq. 
There is a small head of him by Marshall^ together M 
the heads of Coke, Littleton, Lambert,^ and Cromptont 
all very eminent lawyers. Before a small octavo, en- 
titled, " A Manual, or Analecta, formerly called the 
Complete Justice^^ 

Michael Dalton, of West Wratting, in Cambridgeshire, was fo^ 
merly as well known for his book on the Office of a Justice of tk 
Peace, which has been published under different titles, as Bum is It 
present His " Ojficium Vicecomitum, or Du^ of Sherifis,'' ^ns 
also a book in good esteem. In Neal's '^History of the Puritann^'' 
.vol. i. p. 511, of the octavo edition, mention is made of Mr. 
Daulton, the queen's counsel, who, in 1590, pleaded against Mr. 
Udal, who was condemned for writing a libel, called ^' A Demon-. 

* WilliAm Lambert, autbor of " Beportt, or Cases in CbaDoeiy,^ ooQected fcj 
Sir George Carey« one of the masters of Cbaii€eiy> ItfOl. 



OP ENGLAN1>. 9T 

sCration of Discipline.*'* Thw Was probably the lawjrer bere men* 
tioned. 



SCOTS LAWYERS. 

THOMAS CRAIGt de Ricartoun, eques, juris- 
consultus Edinburgensis, in Scotia. Vertue sc. 1731. 

Sir Thomas Craig was author of a learned and accurate treatise 
on the feudal law, entitled, " Jus Feudale," Lond. 1655. -The 
** Epistola Nuncupatoria" is addressed to James the First4 He 
was also author of ** Scotland's Sovereignty asserted," being a dis- 
pute concerjiibg homage, 1698; 8vo. In Nicolson's "Scottish 
Historical Library" is part of a speech by Sir George Mackenzie ; 
in which is the following beautiful passage concerning this able 
lawyer: ** Qui (advocati). ante Cragium floruere nobis vix aliter 
cogniti sunt quam montes iUi qui distantia, non humilitate, minu- 
nntar. Ipse autem Cragius tam recondita doctrina auctus erat, ut 
eloquentiam sperare vix possit ; ejus tanta in foro auctoritas ut elo- 
quentia non indigeret, et trunco, non frondibus, effecit umbram.*^ 

ADAMUS BLACUODEUS, Regis apudPictones 
Consiliarius. Joan. Picart delin. ^ fecit ^ 1644. In a 
lawyer's habit. 

Adam Blackwood, a Scotsman, who had been a retainer to the 
unfortunate Queen Mary, and who had great obligations to her, 
distinguished himself as a violent advocate for that princess. In 
1587, he published, in French, his " Martyrdom of Mary Stuart, 
Queen of Scotland," written with all that bitterness of resentment 
which is natural for a man of spirit to feel, who, by an act of fla- 
grant injustice, was deprived of his mistress and his sovereign, his 
friend and his benefactress. He addresses himself, in a vehement 



• Daiton*s daughter Dorothy married her uncle, Sir Giles Alington; for which 
ibedid penance in St. Mary's church, Carabridgei 1631. She died nf the small- 
pox 1644. Her husband was fined 12,000/k and did penance. 

t He never was knighted : James 1st wished to knight him ; but Craig, to avoid 
that honour, kept away from court: upon which the king said, •' Though he will not 
be a knight, let every one call him Sir Thomas." — Lord Hailes. 

% This book is commended by Dr. Hurd, in his " Moral and Political Dialogues," 
p. 261, 2d edit. 



98 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

strain of passion, to all the princes of Europe to avenge her death ; 
declaring that they are unworthy of royalty, if they are not roused 
on so interesting and pressing an occasion. He laboured hard to 
prove that Henry the Eighth's marriage with Anne Boleyn was in- 
cestuous, a calumny too gross to merit a formal refutation. He 
continued many years in the station of a counsellor, or senator, at 
Poictiers. He died in 1613. His writings, which shew him to 
have been a civilian, a poet, and divine, were collected and pub- 
lished at Paris, by Sebastian Cramoisy, 1644. See more of him, in 
Kicolson*s '' Scottish Historical Library," in Samuel Jebb's second 
folio, concerning Mary, queen of Scots, and in his preface to it 
Henry Blackwood, royal professor of physic at Paris, of whom there 
is an octavo print by Mellan^ was of die same family. 



CLASS VII. 
MEN OF THE SWORD. 

OFFICERS OF THE ARMY. 

ARTHUR, lord Chichester, lord-baron of Belfast 
lord high-treasurer of Ireland, and some time lord- 
deputy of that kingdom ; eleven years, and upwards, 
one of the privy council in England; in armour ; rare. 

Lord Chichester, in his youth, robbed one of Queen Elizabeth's 
purveyors, who were but little better than robbers themselves. He 
soon after, to avoid a prosecution, fled into France, where he sig^ 
nalized himself as a soldier, under Henry IV. who knighted him for 
his gallant behaviour. He was shortly after pardoned by the queen, 
and employed against the rebels in Ireland. In 1604, he was, for 
Made lord* his eminent services in reducing and civilizing that kingdom, made 
dep. 1604. lord-deputy, and created baron of Belfast by James. During his 
1612. ' government, the Irish began to assimilate themselves to the manners 
and customs of the English, and the harp was first marshalled 
with the British arms. This great general, and wise statesman) 
died 1605. 



OF ENGLAND* 99 

SIR HORATIO VEER(Vehe), knt. lord-general, 
fee. Delaram sc. Ato. Compton Holland txc. rare. 

SrR Horace Verb. G. Mountain. 

Sir Horace Vere. Pass. 

Sir Horace Vere \fol. M, Miereveldt ; G. Vertue. 
In Collinses *' Historical Collections.'' 

Sir Horace Vere, on horseback; scarce. 

Sir Horace Vere, with autograph. Thane. 

Sir Horace Verb, since baron of Tilbury. 
Faithorne sc. In Sir Francis Vere's " Commentaries.'^ 

Sir Horace Vere, ypunger brother to Sir Francis, had the com- 
mand of the forces sent by James to recover the Palatinate. He 
was a man of a most steady and sedate courage ; and possessed that 
presence of mind, in the greatest dangers and emergencies, which 
is the highest qualification of a general. It was owing to this qua- 
lity, that he made that glorious retreat from Spinola, which was the 
greatest action of his life.* , His taking of Sluys was attended with 
difficulties which were thought insuperable. Created baron of Til- 
bury by King Charles the First. 

General CECIL, son to the Earl of Exeter, ^' em- 
ployed by his majesty over his forces, &c. in the aid 
of the Princes of Juliers and Cleve." S. Passceus sc. 
1618; Ato. scarce. 

EDWARD, viscount Wimbleton, with autograph. 
Thane. 

His portrait, known by the name of Lord Wimbleton, is in the 
possession of Lord Craven. 
Sir Edward Cecil, second son of Thomas, the first earl of Exeter, 

* A great general, who commands a small army, against another general with a 
iaige one, must act with more propriety in securing a good retreat, than in fighting. 
Spino/a said, that Sir Horace Vere, " escaped with four thousand men from between 
lis fingers." 



100 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

was one of the most considerable generals of his time ; he having 
served for thirty-five years in the Netherlands, the best ichool fia 
war in this age. He had the command of the English forces at fti 
battle of Newport, and was, in the beginning of the next reigii,^ 
miral of the fleet sent against Cadiz. This expedition was attenM 
with some disgrace ; as the fleet arrived at that place too late ra Ai 
year for action, and returned without effectuating anything. He 
was, by Charles I. created viscount Wimbleton. 0(, 16 Nov. i63L 

Generosissimus GULIELMUS FAIRFA?^, pite- 
fectus cohortis Ang. in Palat. R. Gajfwoodf, I656.i 
4to. ' ^^ 

" To Frankenthal* when siege Cordoua laid^ Y ■ / 
So was our British king-craft over-kn^ved \, . 

By Qondomar, as in it martyr made 
This honourable cadet; and so stav'd ' -y"'- 

Off all recruits, that Burroughs their commanderr i! ^^ 
Our glorious Burroughs, was eompell'd to rendflfr^" '• 

GuLiELMus Fairfax, &c. four Latin vers^-/- 6vo. 
(Droeshout.) • • 

Captain William Fairfax was one of the brave officers wbo lost 
their lives at the siege of Frankendale, in attempting iinpossio 
bilities ; who, without hope of success, fought with all the ardour of 
the most determined courage, actuated by a prospect of victory. 

SIR HENRY RICH, captain to the guard, ftc; 

W. Pass sc. 4to. Sold by Thomas Jenner ; scarce. 

The handsome person of this gentleman attracted the notice of 
King James, who created him baron of Kensington, and eail d 
Holland. He greatly improved the fine old house at Kensingto^i 
called after his name. It was the seat of Sir Anthony Cope, wheW 
sister he married. 

ARTHURUS SEVERUS 0-TOOLE NONfi^ 
SUCH, ^t. 80, 1618 ; an old man in armour ^ with a 
sword in his hand^ on the blade of which are many crowns : 

* Frankendale. 




' Great Moguls Larufhhi. of both Indiff iSng . 
Vfhofe sflf-aiimirii^ faiii^ Jorh Imui^' nng ; 
Hntdf tmmcoK Years , more Kingdoms he hath ngkt U 
iiu Stars jip' so. and for them he wHl fight too.- 
.bid tliough t/iis R-ertMefs Apr. will not Miete him. , 
But elaaer, spatter, slander. sro/T, to grieye hiin / 
?////<* Olid all the World ill iliis agn-t . 
Iliat stidi aiiol/ier Toolf itill 'lei-if be . ' 

A,lilu/ut^ll/ii>/iitn/.;Kii.th.'T/'.'i"f'.l"fslrr/i/f.l.r 




'To '^randen.tkai ivMn J<y« L^ordoua- Cayd 
Soe tvas OUT 'britifie King - crajt ou-erHii-o-v.^^ 
py GonMnrur, oj invi J^^artvr— Tuai/e 
"Tiw" kmara-^U CcieCet j ani£ Joe Stau't£ 

Of a£ r e IT y e uU, J-'fUt "Bur roughs tlUre coman'^r 



pF ENGLAND. lOi 

ft the bottom are t fie following verses, representing him 
IS an adventurer : . 

** Great mogul's landlord, both Indies king, 
Wliose 8elf*admiring fieubie doth loudly ring; 
Wri^ fourscore years^ more kingdoms he hath right to. 
The stars say so, and for them he will fight too : 
And though this worthless age will notbelieye him. 
But clatter^ spatter, slander, scoff, to grieve him; 
Yet he and all the world in this agree. 
That such another Toole will never be." • 

F. jyelaram sc. h. sh. 

lam informed, that this print waspr^ixed to Taylor, 
Ihe Water Poefs *' Honour of the noble Captain QTooUy' 
^rst edition, ] 622. JTiis pamphlet is reprinted in the 
foUo edition of his works. 

ArthurVs SeveruS OToole Nonesuch, -^.86; 
dght verses. W. Skhardson. 

Captain OToole was a man of an odd aspect, and a singular 
eomposition of vanity, courage, and caprice. He took every occasion 
•f exercising and boasting of his precipitate valour, which he abun- 
dantly displayed against the Irish rebels. Ireland was not the ^nly 
scene of his romantic bravery ; he served as a volunteer in various 
■ations, and was as notorious and ridiculous in other parts of 
Europe as he was in his own country. He, like Tom Coryat, was 
the whetstone and the but of wit. John Taylor has exercised his 
mde pen in an ironical panegyric on him, dedicated **To the un- 
^fimited memory of Arthur O'Toole, or O'Toole the Great ; being 
son and heir of Brian OToole, lord of Poore's Court and Farre 
iCollen, in the county of Dublin, in the kingdom of Ireland; the 
liars and Mercury, the Agamemnon and Ulysses, both for wisdom 
and valour, in the kingdoms of Great Britaine and Ireland." In 
Ae argument to the history or encomium on him, in verse, the 
iuthor classes him with Thersites, Amadis de Gaul, Pon Quixote, 
Garagantua, and other wild and redoubtable adventurers; and 
infonns us, that Westminster is now honoured with his residence. 



VOL. II. 



102 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



OFFICERS OF THE NAVY. 

Captain JOHN SMITH, admiral of New England. 
S. Passeeus sc. The head, of an octavo size,' is in the 
map of New England, in Smith's " History of Virginia," 
^c. 1632; /o/. 

His portrait occurs several times, in another map 
belonging to the same history. 

Captain John Smith ; sia^ English verses. W, Rich- 
ardson. 

Captain John Smith ; emblematic ornaments at the 
four corners; in CaulfielcTs ** Remarkable :Persons." 

^ Captain John Smith deserves to be ranked with the greatest tra- 
vellers and adventurers of his age. He viras some time in the service 
of the Emperor, and the Prince of Transylvania, against the Grand 
Signor, where he distinguished himself by challenging three Turks 
of quality to single combat, and cutting off their heads ; for which 
heroic exploit, he bore three Turks' heads, between a chevron, in 
his arms.* He afterward went to America, where he was taken 
prisoner by the savage Indians, from whom he found . means to 
escape. He often ha/arded his life in naval engagements with 
pirates, Spanish men of war, and in other adventures; and had a 
considerable hand in reducing New England to the obedience: of 
Great Britain, and in reclaiming the inhabitants from: barbarism* 
See a detail of his exploits in the " History of Virginia, New Eng- 
land, and the Summer Isles,'^ written by himself. 

"* Quserci if it should not be a chevron between three Turks' bead». 




C^he/2 are iht LmgS thaljluw tky^ace.-lut 
'Jkcu/h^ thr G-ract t^dgton^. brf^hter hee 
'^T^Fairn Dif.oiurUs and ^owtt-Ovfft^j-'iwe. 

^ Salvages.mucli Ci'-iH-a-d hy tkt, _^ 

Bt^Jhw thy Sptnt:and to 0:" <^lorV rv^yn\_ 
So. thou art Braffe without. but ^oGit uillun. . 



't , '■ 




^STHUGH MYDDSLTON.K-n:SiBar., 

lJS^:JuMt> Md" iii-B~"«* sf,fieli^nSt nttiwi^J ^tji. '£'3 H. aho raiurj hi' 
— J^u^ w, TTiii, h> tU fr^ a^' online -f lit. C-lt^-i. •'••tJ e/'Mt J'uiAi- . 



OF ENGLAND.: 



CEASS VIII. 



Create 

i 



SOWSOypEERS WITHOUT TITLES, BARONETS, 
KNIGHTS, GENTLEMEN, AND PERSONS IN 
INFERIOR CIVIL EMPLOYMENTS. 

SIR HUGH MYDDLETON. (Bart.)—" The creat« 
famous aqueduct, called the New River,' was per- 
formed at his charge ; notwithstanding many natural , 
difficulties, and the envious opposition he met withi M 
A.D. 1613. He also caused to be wrought the silver , 
mines in Wales, to the great advantage of the crownj 
aadofthe public." C. Johnson p. Verliie sc. 1722^ 
large A. sU. 

Small copy of the above. W. Richardson. 

His portrait is in the poaBesaion of John Luther, esq, of MylesB, 
inEmex. 

Sir Hugh Myddlcton united two springe, one in the parish of 
Amwell, near Hertford, and the other near Ware ; and conveyed 
them through a winding course of sixty miles to London, . He is 
wid to have erected no less than eight hundred bridges, for neces- 
sary passages over this river. This great work, which seems to 
hive lieen better suited to the genius of a Roman emperor, than of 
a cidzen of London, was begun the 20th of February, ] 608, and 
finislied the 29lh of September, 1613.* 

SIR GEORGE VILLIERS; from a picture by 
< Csmetkis Jansen, at Strawberry-hill. W. P. Sherlock sc. 

,m. 

SIR GEORGE VILLIERS ifrom his monmm/t in 
Wistmihster Abbey, in Harding's " Biographical Mtr- 
rour:" 4to. 



* Thtn if a largi print, if the ctrtmang of lilting (Kb matir ti 
Umgtm, by BicUiam. - 



104 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Sir George Villiers was a country gentleman of Leicestershire, of 
an ancient family, but moderate estate. His grandfather, ** Joannes 
Vyllers," was of sufficient consequence to be recorded by Polydore 
Virgil, among the chief men who, in 1487, brought forces to the aid 
of Henry the Seventh against Lambert Simnel, at the battle of 
Stoke ; and at the marriage of Prince Arthur, in 1501, was made a 
knight of the Bath. 

Sir George himself was born in 1544, was sheriff of Leicester- 
shire 33 Eliz. and obtained the honour of knighthood on the acces- 
sion of King James. He died Jan. 4th, 1605-6. His first wife was 
Audrey, daughter and heir to William Sanders, of Harrington, in 
Northamptonshire, esq. and by her he had Sir WilHam Villiers, 
created a baronet July 19th, 1619; and Sir Edward Villiers, pre- 
sident of Munster, and ancestor to the Earls of Jersey and Claren- 
don, and Lord Grandison of Ireland : beside three daughters ; Eli- 
zabeth, married to John, lord Butler, of Bramfield ; Anne, wife of 
Sir William Washington, of Packington, in Leicestershire ; and 
Frances, who died unmarried. He married, secondly, Mary, 
daughter of Anthony Beaumont, of Glenfield, in the county of Lei- 
cester, esq. But Roger Coke, in his Detection of the Court of James 
the First, informs us " that Mary Beaumont was entertained in Sir 
George Villiers's family, in a mean office of the kitchen ; but her 
ragged habit could not shade the beautiful and excellent frame of 
her persuu ; which Sir George taking notice of, prevailed with his 
lady to remove her out of the kitchen into her chamber, which with 
some importunity on Sir George's part, and unwillingness of my 
lady, at last was done." Soon after my lady died, and Sir C^rge 
became very sweet upon his lady's woman, which would not admit 
any relief without enjoyment; and the more to win Mary to it, girt 
her twenty pounds to put herself into so good a dress as this would 
procure ; which she did ; and then Sir George's affections became 
so fired, that to allay them he married her. In this coverture Sir 
George had three sons ; John, after viscount Purbeck; Christopher, 
after earl of Anglesea ; and George, the famous duke of Bucking- 
ham ; and one daughter, married to the Earl of Denbigh. — When 
Sir George died (in 1606), his son, George, was very young (bebg 
born in 1592), and Sir George having settled the estate upon the 
issue of his former lady, could leave the issue of his second lady 
but very little, and herself but a jointure of two hundred pounds per 
annum ; nor was it possible for her, out of so contracted a jointure, 
to maintain herself and them, so as to make scarce any provision for 



OF ENGLAND: 105 

them after her death : and the issue of Sir George, by his former 
]ady, both envied and hated her ; so as httle could be expected 
from them. To supply these defects, she married one Thomas 
Comptoiiy a rich country gentleman, whereby she became able to 
maintain and breed up her children in a better than ordinary 
education.* 

SIR THOMAS CRALOTSlEU.knt. a monumental 
^gy, with his lady ^ from his tomb in Chiswick church, 
Middlesex. R. Wilkinson exc. 

Sir Thomas Chaloner was son of Sir Thomas Chaloner, of Gis- 
borough in Yorkshire, and of Steeple Clay don, in Bucks, an eminent 
scholar^ poet, and statesman, in the reigns of Edward VI. Mary, 
and Elizabeth. He was educated, first, at St. Paul's school ; and 
then at Magdalen College, Oxon. ; from thence he went on his 
travels, and in Italy devoted himself to the study of natural history 
and chemistry. The proficiency that he gained in those sciences 
led him, whilst at Rome, to observe the similarity of the soil which 
supplied the pope's great alum works to that of his own estate at 
Gisborough. He formed a plan for the establishment of an alum 
manufactory in England; and having privately engaged some work- 
men brought them home with him ; for which he was formally ana- 
thematized by the pope. His scheme, although it proved, through 
great pains and expense, eminently successful, was rendered user- 
less to his family ; for the crown seized his lands, under its pre- 
rogative respecting mines royal. It is probable, that the office of 
governor to Prince Henry was conferred on him as a compensation ; 
and n^ less probable, that two of his sons, Thomas and James, 
whose signatures are to the warrant for the execution of Charles I* 
were actuated in their enmity to that prince by the recollection of 
his father's injustice toward theirs. The estate and alum works 
were, however, restored to the family by the Long Parliament. Sir 
Thomas Chaloner's eldest son was created a baronet; but, he dying 
without issue, the title became extinct, and Edward, his next bro- 
ther, inherited the estates, which have passed from him, through five 
descents, to Robert Chaloner, of Gisborough, esq. their present 
po88bNK>r, M.P. for Richmond, in Yorkshire, in 1812. 

♦ Roger Coke's " Detection," fourth edit. vol. i. p. 81. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

iNScaiPTiou ON SIR THOMAS chaloner's tomb. 

" Heere lieth the Bodey of S'. Thomas Chaloner, wlio was 

knighted in the warres of France by Kioge Henrey the Fourtlie A'. 

1591. And after, governor in the minority, and chaberlayne, to the 

lEiate prince of faraoiis memorey Henrey, prince of Wales, duke of 

I^Qi , and earle of Chester ; and he married to his first nifle 

ughter to William Fletwood, sergeant at lawe toQ.EIJ!: 

of Londoa; by whom he had ysaue Thomas Decea: 

idward, Thomas, Henrey Decea: Arthurs Decea : James, 

uecea : Mary, wiffe to S'. Edward Fisher, knight, Elizabelh 

orothey; and died the 22 day of Junne A". 1603, aged 35 

eares : and to his second wiffe he married Jude the daughter to 
Will. Blunt, of Londfl, esquier ; by whom he had also yasue Henrey, 
Charles, Fredri eke, and Arthure: Anne, Katharen, and Frances, and 
she Decea : the 30 day of Junne A". 1615, aged 36 yeares. And 
the afore sayed S', Tho, Chaloner died y 18 day of Noveber, 1615; 
being of the adge of 51 yeares. 

SIR RICHARD SPENCER ; in a collection oj 
heads published by Hondius, 1608. 

There is a small head of him, inscribed " H. Richard 
Spencer, Ridder, Ambas. Extraord." It is engravedwilh 
seventeen other heads of ambassadors to the states oj 
Holland. This shews that he may be placed in thejijih 
class. 

Sir Richard Spencer of OfiQey, in Hertfordshire, was fourth boiI 
of Sir John Spencer, of Althorp, in Northamptonshire, ancestor ol 
th^ present Duke of Marlborough. The Spencers of Hertfordshin 
aredescended from Sir Richard. 

« SIR PHILIP PARKER, a Morley, of Erwartoa 
in com. Suffolk, knt. son of Sir Heary Parker, knt 
eldest son and heir of Henry Parker, lord Morley; 
and lineal ancestor of Catharine Parker, countes 
of Egmont; knighted by Queen Elizabeth, 1578.' 
J. Faberf. 1747, 8w). 



/ i t>F ENGLAND. :J07 

In the " History of the House of Yvery," for which this print waa 
engraved, is a particular account of the family of Parker, It there 
appears, that this gentleman's mother was Elizabeth, daughter, and 
wie lieir of Sir Philip Calthrope, of Erwarton, in Suffolk, knt. by 
hae, daughter of William Boleyn, knt. and aunt to Queen Ehza^ 
belli. Sir Philip left a daughter, Catharine, who espoused Sir 
William CornwalUs, ancestor to Lord Cornwallis ; and a son, named 
Calthrope. who, in 1640, was knight of the shire for Suffolk. 

SIR HENRY SAVILLE ;/m« an original picture 
I'll Marcus Garrett, in the Bodleian Gallery, O-ifurd. 
Clamp sc. Alo. 

Sir Henry Saville was the second son of Henry Saville, by Eli- 
abeth his wife, daughter of Robert Rarasden, gent, and grandson 
of John Saville, of Newhall, in Yorkshire, esq. He was born Rt 
Bradiey, near Halifax, in the same county, on the 30th of Novem- 
ber, 1549, and became a member of the university of Oxford in the 
year !561. In the beginning of Lent, 1565, he was admitted 
bachelor of arts ; and in 1578 he travelled on the continent, visit- 
ing France and other countries ; where diligently improving him- 
self in all useful learning, in languages, and the knowledge of the 
world, he became a most accomplished gentleman. At his returd 
liewas appoiQted tutor to Queen Elizabeth for the Greek tongue, 
ud she had a great esteem for his disposition and acquirements. 

In 1585 he waa made warden of Merton College, which he go- 
Teraed for tbirty-siz years with much honour, and improved both in 
finances and learning. In 1596 he was chosen provost of Etoa 
College, into which society he was studious to admit the most 
-Intned men ; among whom was the memorable John Hales, who, 
together with Allen, and Jonas Montague, assisted him in his edi- 
■ fion ofSt. ChryiOBtbme. When King James I. ascended the throne, 
''k^wM desirous to reward the great learning andabilities of Saville 
*i[h the most lucrative promotions in the church, or in the state ; 
1m1 all these Sayille declined, and accepted only the honour of 
jbiglithood frbni his majesty at Windsor, in 1604. His son dying 
iibptit that time; he devoted bis fortune thenceforth to the promotion 
lOf learning. In 1619 he founded two lectures, or. professorships, 
we in geometry, the other in astronomy, in the university of Oxford, 
*hich he endowed with a salary of 1602. a year each, besides a 
legacy of 600/. for purchasing more lands for the same ujse.. He 




• fbnrj whb math e mm ai books near tbe malfae- 
I, fcr tbe use of hi* prafcsson, and ^ve lOOL to the 

chMt af luf own appamtiftg; afidiog mherwaai t 
» year to the mae t^eat, to ike iiiuT«r«)tjr, ani lo fate 
1%. He Kkewise ^ve 190(. towards ifaaoewbiiiUng 

; alio aevent rare BaancvipCS and pnnted boob to 
Hbcary, aail a contiderabU qaantatv o( Greek tjftf 
g-press at Oxford. He died at Eton College. Ft- 
31, and was buried in tbe cbape) there. 
Atj of Oir<nd boooi — ' him witb a speecb and nMi 
nis praise, wfcicb were ^rward pnb&ahed m 4to, 
- llama linea SariUi, " 



WILLIAM WADD (or Waad), late lieute- 
rthe Tower. T. Jamer eiw smaU 4ftj.* 

i elv Portraiture of the worthy Knigh^ SIB 
IAM'WADD, &c. W. Richardson. 

5IR WILLIAM WADD, tcUh autograph. 7hm. 

• Sir WilUain W'add, a man of great learning, generostty, anil 
^Mkevolence, who had been employed by Queeu Elisabeth iu wH' 
ral embasBies, was remored from the lieutenancy of ihe Tower, ii' 
make way for Sir Gervase Eiways.t amaoof a prostitute character, 
who was the chief instrument in poisoning Sir Tbomaa OrerbV]- 
Tbo pretence for his removal was his allowing the Lady flrtJIfHt 
Cttnart, his prisoner, a key. LIuyd telle us, that " to his dii«Blto» 
yn owe Rider's' Dictioaary ;' to his encouragement Hooker's' Pfl- 
"ftjr;' and to his charge, Gtuter's ' Inscriptions, "'t This exe^hi 
ami employed a faithful and judicious friend to admonish ti^fi 
nwry thing that he saw amiss in his conduct. Ob. 1623, Mt.fl' 



• In Bishop Carleton's " Thankful Remembrance of God's Mercy," is i.nHll 
ptiDt of him, reumbliag (hii; in which he is repiesented in a iludloai pciiloi>i 
pottiDg together lome fragments of a tr^UDnable paper, which had been Ion ni 
thrown into (be sen, hj Criton, a Scotch Jesuit, and blown into a ship wheie he ««i 
like tho edilors of the inscriptions on Duilliui's piliar, and the Arundel nuublei.M 
■applied what was wanfiiig, bj conjeclurc ; but what was conjcdnral, pcifecOj c^ 
dd«d with »1iat »». viiible. 

t Or Ellis. 1 " Slati. Worlhies," p. 601, 



. 601. I 




"^PWada 



.,-A^J Ju^-*-l-'r/^S.hr^"ii^<:knrd^tYorkNoi,,->-N'3lSlmf'd. 




Lex REGIT ET^rjSrjiiilrai>UL.'iRM.'iTVETVK 



fvJ, Jiuu UJ^J hy mu*oa-^^lfiri Mui.Ji'SI Jimrul. 



i 

\ 



OF ENGLAND. 109 

SIR ALEXANDER TEMPLE iJ. White sc. 
"^Quefy if any such print ? 

I know no moFe of this gentleman, than that he was father of Lady 
^ter, mentioned in the reign of Charles I. There is a good por- 
^t of him at Hagley, by Cornelius Jansen. 

DARGY WENTWORTH, M. 32, 1624. Wm. 

I^ass sc. 

Darcf Wentworth. W. Bichardson^ 

^e are informed by 'CoUins^in his Peerage, that Michael, eldest 
^n of John, lord Darcy, married Margaret, daughter of Thomas 
'^entworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, in the county of York, esq. 
^7 whom he had a son John, who, in 1587, became lord Darcy. 
^^i John, lord Darcy, dying in 1635, left issue his only son John, 
^d two daughters. It appears from this account, that Darcy Went- 
worth was not a son of any of the noble persons above-mentioned, 
*>Qt was probably allied to this family.* 

Watson in his Memoirs of the ancient Earls of Warren and Sur- 
rey, vol. ii. p. 141, informs us, that " Darcy Wentworth of Brodes- 
^rth, in Yorkshire, esq. was brother to^Sir Thomas Wentworth, of 
North Elmsall, in that county, and was married to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Edward Warren, of Poynton. — In the North chan- 
cel of South Kirkby church, in Yorkshire, the burial place of the 
Wentworths, of North Elmsall, is an ancient painted achievement, 
with the arms of Wentworth impaling Warren. 

THOMAS HARLEY, esq. of Brampton Bryan 
(in Herefordshire) ; JSf. 47, 1606. Vertue sc. h. sh.'\ 
Several prints of the Har ley family , ^c. were engraved 
by Vertue, for the " Historical Collections of the 7ioble 
families of Cavendish, Holies, Vere^ Harley, and Ogle;'' 
compiled by Arthur Collins, esq. at the request of Lady 
Oxfordy mother to the Dutchess Dowager of Portland. 

♦ Collins's "Peerage," vol. iii. p. 28, 29. edit. 1756. 
t His portrait is at Welbeck. 

VOL. II. Q 



110 BIOGRAPHICAL HrSTORY 

Tbcmu Harler, a gestlentaii emioml for lis afaUttes, and dBn- 
eDC« of foTtane, vas MTcral bows liigb-«fa«nff of the cquotjJif 
Hereford, in this, and the former reign. la the first of James, lie 
kad dw rajal graat for the fwnoor and caatle of Wtgmore ; and wu 
afterward one of the coandl to WUliam. lord (kimpton, presideaf rf 
Wales. He, with gre»t ftankness, told the king, that if he paisaed 
the neamres in which he was engaged, ihey would infallibly em- 
bnil him or hb son in a civil war. This propbetic ^eedi occauooed 
his retiring from court. (M. Mar. 1631. 

THOMAS S .foutMler of the Charter 

House, An". 16... -'lO w nafi in <£dibus Cartku- 
tianii. Faber f. 1754 ; w taigth sh. mezz. 

Thosias Suttox, &c. berf. lar^e Aio. or md 

h. th. 

Thomas Sitttox ; in the " Heroologia •" Qvo. 

Thomas Slttox, &c. Eiilracke sc. Ato. 

Thomas Suttox, &c. Van Hove sc. Ironlispieci 
to Herne's " Domus Cartkusiatia," 1677 ; Qvo. 

Thomas Sutton, &c. Vertue sc. 1737; St-o. 

Thomas Suttox, with his autograph. TTiaiie. 

Thomas Sutton, in the early part of his life, travelled to thott ^ 
countries as a geiitleman, to which he afterward traded as a off- j 
chant. He was, for some time, in the army ; in which he behavel ^ 
himself so well, that he obtained apatent of Queen Elizabeth forllrf ; 
office of master- general of the ordnaoce for life. No man was betlet 
acquainted with the mysteries of trade, and few with the method .^ 
of BSTing. By a long course of frugality and industry, he acquire* 
a fortune sitperior to that of any private gentleman of his time; =■ 
This enabled him to build and endow the hospital called the Chit '- 
ter House, one of the noblest foundations in the world. He pU '' 
13,000/, for the ground only ; and the expense of the building aa , 
endowment was answerable. He died the 12th of Deeeralwl „ 
161 1, in the seventy-ninth year of his age. Mr. John Aubrey leH t, 



QF ENfiLAND, - HI 

^1]iat'Bea.iJ[ofi£io>i bM cWoctefri^ed hm ttodt^ t\)e name of: 

THOII^S HABINGDQN, esq. confined to Wor- 
estersfaire on account of the gunpowder treason 
►lot; the first collector of antiquities for that'county ; 
lied Oct. 1647, aged 87; in Nash's *' Histoiy of 
Wqrce^ersjiire ;" folio. 

This gentleman was concerned in various plots, for the releasing 
lary, queen of Scots/ahd setting up a pajnst to succeed her; and 
boriiy after the coming in of James ^ First, entered into the 
:;heme of blowing up the parliament house by gunpowder, in order 
> overturn the government, and introduce once more the papal 
ower in England ; — he contrived many hiding places in different 
arts of his house at Henlip, in Worcestershire, to conceal semi- 
ary priests, and other persons concerned in this desperate enter- 
rise; the access to some was through chimneys; others through 
rtificial walls, some had trap-doors, which communicated to back 
taircases : some of these places on the outside had the appearance 
f chimneys, the better to conceal the purpose for which they were 
onstructed. 

On the discovery of the plot, suspicion attaching to Mr. Habing- 
on; a^ Warrant was directed to Sir Henry Bromley to search Henhp 
[ouse, for the discovery of suspicious persons ; which being put in 
>rce, Mr. Habingdon utterly denied the knowledge of knowing, or 
arbouring any such people ; and offered to die at his own gate, if 
ay such were to be found in his house, or in that shire; but this 
ot proving a satisfactory answer, an immediate search took place, 
hen, in the gallery over the gate, were discovered two cunning and 
ery artificial conveyances in the main brick -wall, so ingeniously 
sanded, and with such art, as it cost much labour ere they could 

* In his " Anecdotes of several extraordinary Persons/' a MS. in the Ashmolean 
[nseum. 

S. Heme, in his " Life of Satton," says, it is probable, that Jonson never intended 
characterize him under the name of Volpone ; " for, in that age, several other 
en wefe pointed at ; and "who was the true person, was then a matter of doubt. 
' the poet designed to injure the fame of Sutton, he was first of ail an ungrateful 
Betcb, to abuse those hands that afforded him brea4 ; for he allowed him a constant 
^cni: a^ secondly, he disowned bis very handwriting, that he s^t to oar 
iinder,ii(Yindkation.()f.Um8elfi^ this matter.'' - .• r . -. 



112 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

be found. Three other secret places, contrived by no Icbb skill and 

stry, were found in and about the chimneys, in one whereof two 

litors were close concealed ; but not till after a strict search 

lays' duration : one of these men, named Owen, afterward 

.ered himself in the Tower; the other, of the name of ChacQ- 

ed tlie knowledge of any other persons than themselTM, 

concealed: hut on the eighth day of the search, asectel 

limney was discovered ; from which most cunningcon- 

snt, was extracted Henry Garnet the Jesuit (much soogit 

and another named Hall ; marmalade and other aweetmesB 

nd lying by them ; but their better maintenance had been 

uJI or reed, through a little hole in the chimney, that backed 

T chimney into the gentlewoman's chamber, and by that pa^ 

»ud!ca, broths, and warm drinks had been conveyed to them, 

whole service continued the space of eleven nights and tweWe 

and no more peisons beingfaund,Habiiigdon himself, Gaiael, 

Owen, and Chambers, were brought to London, in order to 

1 the king's pleasure as to their disposal. Habingdon was cdd> 

jed to die, for concealing Garnet, and other dangerous pei- 

.- ; but was pardoned at the intercession of bis wife, and hei 

orother Lord Monte agte. 

NICOLAUS WADHAM, armiger, CoU. Wad- 
hamensis fund'. A". D'. 1609. 7. Faberf. large 4ta 
mezz. One of the set of Founders. 

Nicholas Wadham, of Merifield, in Somersetshire, a man of a 
respectable character, was, together with Dorothy his wife, the mu- 
nificent founder of the college in Oxford, called after his name, 
His generosity and hospitality* were proportionate to the afHuencfl 
of his fortan£.\ He and his wife, who »ere both of the Romibll 
religion, had formed a design of founding a Catholic seminary st 
Venice; but the love of their country gotthe better of their rehgioo)! 
prejudices. 

THOMAS TESDALE (Tisdalz), armiger, unua 

■ Fuller lays, " that he had gnM Irngtli in hii eitnction, breadlh ia h!i ciM 
knd depth in his liberelilj. His hospital house wai an inn at all timei; ■ court i 
Chriitmas." — " Worthies, in Soroetset," p. 30. 

t Of thii Tirioui and conlntdlclorj account! have been ^veii. That whkkli 
nMnltobereUedon, iiinWoocl'i-'HIst. FlAntiq. Udit. Oiod." u. 3S4. 














fh/i.' fte ^c/r,7/.Jax^ef^'. 






OF ENGLAND. 113 

fiuidatorum Coll. Pembrochiee, A. Dom. 1624. 
hberf. large Ato. mezs. One of the set of Founders. 

toMAS Tisdale; in the " Oxford Almanack," 

I Tisdale, of Glympton, esq. was, with Richard Wight- 
r Whitwick, co-founder of Pembroke College, in Oxford. 
Tisdale's fellows are to be of his kindred, and the rest are 
acted from Abingdon school. 

, LEATE ; a head in an oval. About the 



f Let Anns and Arts thy prayses apeake, 
[ "Who wast their patron, worthy Leate." 



''Ldadon may boast thy prayse, and raagnifie 

< Thy name, whose care her ruins did repair; 
And in Exchange of fowls deformity 
Hath deckt and graced her with beamaes rare, 
^Hie f^ne whereof resoimdeth fair and ueaie; 

. I^en honour him, who thus hath honour'd thee, 

■ And love his Name in all posteiitie." 

me sc. 

1 Leate, a man of great ingenuity and public spirit, was 

reigns of Elizabeth and James I. for the surveys 

e took of different parts of the city of London, and the many 

1 omameatat alterations which he projected in the streets 

lome of them were, to the projector's honour, cai- 

I execution. Scowe mentions a plan of Moorfields, ss it 

d to be laid out by this person. It was to have been 

lis " Survey of London." 

JOHN TREHEARNE, gentleman porter to King 
James I. an etching. (Fisher.) 

Joiix Treheabne; in Caulfteld's "Remarkable 
" mezz. 



114 BIOGRAPHICA]^ HISTORY 

.Lille moie feems to be known of him ^an flie'fiDllofnng Mogqlir 
epitaph : 

Had kingi the power to lend dmr tabjectt bnttlkt 
TnheanM, thoo sboald'st not be cast down bj deatb; 
Tfaj royal natter if ill woald keep tbee then; 
Bot length of daji are beyond reach of men : 
Nor wealth, nor strength* nor great men's lore, can ease 
The wound death's arrows make ; for thou badsC Uiese : 
In tkjf Idng^t court, ffiod pUce to thee is given. 
Whence thon shalt go to the Khif^s court im hitam* 

SIR ROBERT NAUNTON. Pass sc. rare. 

Sir Robert Naunton ; from an original picture^ 
in the possession of Read, esq. R. Cooper sc. 

Sir Robert Naunton was bom in Suffolk, an4 educated at Trinity 
College, Cambridge ; whence he removed to a feUowsbip at Trimt; 
Hall. After haying been employed on diplomatic concerns m Scot- 
land and France, he returned to the university, and in 1601 vas 
elected public orator; in which capacity he attracted thie. notice of 
James I. who made him master of the requests, surveyor of the 
court of wards, and secretaiy of state. His Iftst preferment was 
that of master of the court of wards, which office he resigned in 
1633, and died soon afterward. His " Fragmenta Regalia" con- { 
tain many curious particulars of the, court of Queen Elizabeth. | 

f 

SIR HENRY COMPTON, K. B. Thane exc. [ 

Sir Henry Compton, of Bramble-Teigh, in the county of Sussexj i 
son by a second marriage of Henry Ist, baron Compton, was mad^ ^ 
knight of the Bath at the coronation of King James I. He m9^i \ 
ried Lady Cecilie, daughter of Robert SackyDle, earl .of Dorset; bf I 
whom he had issue three sons and three daughters. He was seTOiii 
times returned in parliament for the borough of East Grinsted ; but 
appears to have spent the greatest part of his time in the pleasureH 
of a country life. 

GEORGE HUMBLE; mezz. Ato.from his Monur 
mental Effigy. 

- -George Huinble,-merchant and alderman of the city of London, 
married Margaret, daughter to John Pierson, .of;Nathing,. in tlJP 



\ 



of ENGLAND. X life 

x)Uiity of Essex : h% ftlso inarfied a second wife, I^skbfel, d&it^ht^i' of 
fiobert Kitchinmati, of Hemsley, in the county of Yb)rk, a wid'owl 
Jb. 1616. The daughter Elizabeth, by his first wife, was burii^d th^ 
tame day with her father. His son, Peter Humble, erected a monu>^ 
aent to his memory in the church of St. Mary Ovenes, With the 
bttdwing inscription : 

Like to the damask rose you see» 

Or like the blossom on the tree ; 

Or like the dainty flowers of May, 

Or like the morning of the day; 

Or like the san or like the shade, 

Or like the gourd which Jonah had, &c. &c. 

See Pennant's " London," p. 42. 4th edition. 

RICHARD ANDREWS, Ob. 1618. M. 6years: 
achUd lying on a monument ^ under an arch supported by 
^ pillars 9 with emblems at his head: apot %mthji(ywers\ 
fl ccsndle burning at his feet : the pavement composed of 
mkts and roses ; with a Latin inscription : very neat^ 
(Old extra rare. 

ROBERT CROMWELL, father of the Protector ; 
«ea». Dunkerton sc. From the original, in the possession 
tf the Earl of Sandwich, at Hinchinbrook. 

Robert Cromwell, esq. was the second son of Sir Henry Crom-> 
well, knight, pf a respectable, though not very- ancient, family in 
tiie county of Huntingdon ; where he inherited the several posses- 
ilM formerly belonging to a monastery of Augustins, and amount- 

; i^^ with the great tithes of Hereford, to about three hundred^ 
(tads a year ; equal at least to about three thousand of the pre- 
iU da/ir The 35th of Elizabeth, he was member for the borough 
i^Himtingdon. He iu said by Heath to liave conducted a larget 
hevery. He manried JEUzabeth Steward, daughter of William 

I (teward, esq. of the city of Ely ; by whom he had three sons (two 
Min their infancy) and six daughters. He died 1617. 

GEORGE flERIOT, jeweller to King James, 
Ob. 1623, ^. 63 ; mezz. Jac. Esplens, 1743. 

Geoi^e Heriot, an eminent goldsmith at Edinburgh, was ap- 
pointed, in the year 1597, goldsmith to the queen of James VI. and 



116 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

soon after had the like appdntment to the kingy whom he foltowed 
to London on his accession to the English crown. He furnished 
jeweb to Prince Charles when he went to the court of Spain, which 
were never paid for by James; but when Charles I.' succeeded to 
the throne the debt to Heriot was allowed to his trustees, in part of 
their purchase money of the barony of Broughton, then crown-lands, 
in the neighbourhood of Edinburgh. These lands are now part of the 
foundation of his hospital ; the revenue of which is upward of 40002i 
per annum> and is rapidly increasing. 

Heriot died at London in 1624. His immense fortune he dis- 
posed of by a will made in 1623 ; in which he remembered all his 
relations, with many friends and servants^ both in England and 
Scotland, and left die remainder, in trust, to the magistrates of 
Edinburgh, to found and endow a hospital " for the maintenance, 
relief, and bring^g up of so many poor and fatherless boys,' free- 
men's sons of the town of Edinburgh, as the sum should be suffi- 
cient for." The magnificent Gothic fabric of Heriot's hospital, in 
the vicinity of Edinburgh, was accordingly begun to be built in the 
year 1628 ; from a plan, it is said, of the celebrated Inigo Jones, 
whom James VI. brought from Denmark. 

In this hospital the boys are instructed in the knowledge of the 
English language, writing, arithmetic, Latin and French. When 
they leave the hospital they receive 25/, sterling, and 5/. more at 
the expiration of their apprenticeship ; or, if they are inclined to 
follow a learned profession, they have an annuity of 10/. bes|owed 
on them for four years. The number of boys at present in the hos- 
pital is above 100 ; but in the year 1763 they amounted to 140. 

'' JOHN GRAVES, gent, aged 102 years, when 
drawn, 1616. He was bom in Yorkshire in 1513, and 
died at London in 1616, aged 103 years. He was 
graindfather to Rich. Graves, of Mickleton, esq. grand- 
father to Rich. Graves of Mickleton, now living, 
1728." Vertue sc. h. sh. 

Richard Graves, of Mickleton, in Gloucestershire, esq, a noted an- 
tiquary, caused this print to be engraved as a memorial of hu an- 
cestor ; who appears, from his erect posture, and sensible counte- 
nance, to have been a very extraordinary person for one of his age. 



OF ENGLAlfD. 117 



CLASS IX. 
MEN OF GENIUS AND LEARNING. 

* 

JACOBUS I. 8cc. rex ; • 4to. in the Continuation 
^ Boissard, part II. 

James I. gained great reputation by his book of instructions to 
B son Henry, entitled, ** Basilicon Doron," which shews that he 
IS acquainted with the theory of government. But he seems to 
ive lostas much by his '' Dsmonologia/' and his "Counterblast 
Tobacco."* His works, in general, were formerly more esteemed 
an they are at present. Meres, in the second part of "Wit's 
}mmon Wealth ,"t tells us, that James was not only a favourer of 
»ets, but a poet, himself; as, says he, " My friend Master Richard 
imefielde hath, in this distich, passing well recorded : 

' The kingW Scots now living is a poet. 
As bis Lepanto. and his Furies shew it.' " 

They indeed shew us so much of his poetical character, as to 
ave us without regret that his translation of the Psalms was never 



* Taking tobacco was much ridicaled by the men of fashion in the reign of 
xnes; and the conrtiers affected to reject it with horror. The king said, that 
tobacco was the lively image and pattern of hell ; for that it had, by allusion, in 
all the parts and vices of the world, whereby hell miay be gained ', to wit, First, it 
IS a smoke \ so are all the vanities of this world. Secondly, it delighteth them 
10 take it; so do all the pleasures of the world delight the men of the world, 
lirdlj, it maketh men drunken and light in the head ; so do all tlie vanities of the 
»rld, men are drunken therewith, Fourthly, he that taketh tobacco, 'saitli he, can- 
t leave it, it doth bewitch him ; even so the pleasures of the world make men 
tth to leave them, they are for the most part so enchanted with them. And fur- 
sr, besides all this, it is like hell in the very substance of it ; for it is a stinking, 
ithsome thing ; and so is hell. And further, his majesty professed, that were he 
invite the devil to a dinner, he should have three dishes : first, a pig ; second, a 
U of ling and mustard; and third, a pipe of tobacco, for digesture." — ** Witty 
K>phtbegms delivered by James I." &c. 12mo. 1671. There is an order of James 
the university of Cambridge, enjoining them not to take tobacct) at St. Mar/s 
jrch. 
\ Fol. 284. 

»L. II. R 



IIS SDliiajLPSICJLC SKTO&T 




WL WnXIAX HARVET, fbYsam to fing 
hesaesk, first Snmd arte u&e circufaLaia rftte Uood 



(>i£ if diy laaaa. in- nir 
DcKHF bock ±e 



1 

\ 



HIeti* Sulnwi The ume -rt^rw. 3" ziuckin*. wau laa amk leicw oimaetf, aod seeflas 

- - 

192.T iizgi tntiu ira.w ~ixT Jiand ^^j**^. 

Anil oiiie r n "a 7 Jio. 
O 3iack. It :ri". inif re ict sank, 

T i cie lay flbes 1, rap* 

TV* rw«t Kfloua is "ae irrt T»r5« -f -iu; same F»2ni bj KBag J*-*— ' 

O wiiT, :iir Gc«i, air ev^nicreT 

Hast thoa segiecced is? 
Waj smcakj ts j vratli agunst dte sheep r 

Of thiTW* ova pastare cAau ■' 

TW ia«t wMd, fifce a ckMng biick^ to a builder, was of gtat use to the tnnshtor, 
wfc«» ke flood in Med of a amusjiiabie. Tbere is ao qocstin bat Janes labouiei 
iMfd t/> ^^^Qft-do StemhAid aad Hopkins; bat be bas freqaestij &Uca short altkoi: 
h^ k M4e^ a fbgle mstaoee, that there is no aoce a rojal vaj to poetij, tktt 
tlHT^, H to ([^eonietr^r. ! 

f Th« Colkmiog work is said, by Dr. King, in the prefixe to bis *< Toast,** toliaie f 
if4'*m poblMhed by Jaoies I. *' Ane short Treatise, eonleining some Beulis afl4 1^ 
i'Mt^lis to be observit aod eschewit in Scottis Poesie :" inpfinted at £dinbargb> r> 
15$i, '■ 



t A brick of the smallest kind, used to fill a chink. 



OF ENGLAND. 119 

the whole animal economy. Sir Thomas Browne, 
who well knew the importance of it, prefers it to 
fte discovery of the New World. See the following 
reign. 

GULIELMUS BUTLER, Cantabrig. hujus setatis 
piinceps medicorum. S. P. (Pass) sc. 4to. A copy^ 
k Boissard. 

Vnniam Butler, of Clare Hall, in Cambridge, wad one of the 
(ieatest physicians, and most capricious humorists of his time. 
His sagacity in judging of distempers was very great, and his me- 
Aodof cure was sometimes as extraordinary. Mr. Aubrey informs 
■^ that it wad usual with 4iim to sit among the boys at St. Mary*s 
fbrdi, in Cambridge ; and that when he was sent for to King 
' itties, at Newmarket, he siiddenly turned back to go home, and 
; titthe messenger was forced to drive him before him. The repu- 
tation of physic was very low in England before Butler's time ; 
lijpothetical nonsense was reduced into system, not only in medi- 
cine, bat also in other arts and sciences. Oh. 29 Jan. 1617-8.* His 
vill is among the Harleian manuscripts. No. 7049, Artie. 6. His 
L beneCeictions to Clare Hall are mentioned at p. 197, of Richardi Par- 
I hri " Sceletos Cantabrigiensis ;* and there are some notices of him, 
iiiTd.iii. p. 429, of Winwood's " Memorials." 

ROBERTUS FLUDD, alias de Fluctibus, Oxo- 
niensis, medicinas doctor, &c. frontispiece to his 
""Philosophia sacra;' Frank/. 1626 ; fol. 

* Mr. Aubrej relates th« following story of hiiii» which he says was the occasion 

4 Itts bang first taken 99tice of^ A clergyman, in Cambridgeshire, by excessive 

^pficition in composing a learned sermon, which he was to preach before the king, 

itNeinaarket, had brought himself into such a way, that he could not sleep. His 

^faib were advised to give Iiim opium, which he took in so large a quantity, that 

t Akw him into a profound lethargy. Dr. Butler, who was sent for from Cam- 

U|e, upon seeing and hearing his case, flew into a passion, and told his wife, that 

Ae wis in danger of being hanged for killing her husband, and very abruptly left 

Ae loom. As lie was going through the yard, in his return home, he saw several 

M«i,and asked her to whom they belonged: she'said, to her husband. ** Will 

yi^" says the doctor, " give me one of these cows, if I can restore him to life ?" 

At replied " with all my heart*** He presently ordered a cow to be killed, and the 

Filieat to be put into the warm carcass, .which in a jihort time recovered him. — Au- 

^ffi MS. in Ashmole's Museum* 



120 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

RoBERTus Fludd. Visschcr. 

Robert Fludd, without his name, 8^c. Matthaus 
Merian, Basilien^ fecit ; large quarto. 

RoBERTUs Fludd, &c. in Boissard ; 4to. 

Robert Fludd. Jollain exc. small Ato. This is. 
unlike the other prints. 

Robert Fludd, secotid son of Sir Thomas Fludd, treasarer of war 
to Queen Elizabeth, w&s a celebrated physician and RosicruGiaii 
philosopher. He was an author of a peculiar cast; and appears to 
have been much the same in philosophy, that the mystics are in di- 
vinity : a vein of unintelligible enthusiasm runs through . his works*, 
He frequently used this sublime cant when he addressed hnif^lf to, 
his patients ; which had sometimes a good effect in raising their 
spirits, and contributed greatly to their cure. 

'* As charms are nonsense, nonsense has a charm." — Rochxsteb. 

The prints in his large work, entitled, " Nexus utriusque Cosmi," 
&c. are extremely singular, and only to be understood by a second- 
sighted adept. Ob. 1637, JEf. 70. See more of him in the "Athene 
Oxonienses," 

JOHANNES ANTHONIUS, Londinensis, medi- 
cinse doctor, 1623, JEt. 70. T. Cross sc. 4to* 

• The Christian name, and the date, on this print, are evidently mistakes of the 
engraver of the writing ; as the following monumental inscription, in the church of 
St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield, proves : 

*' Sacred to the memory of that worthy and learned 
Francis Anthony, doctor in physick. 

There needs no verse to beautify e thy praise. 

Or keep in memory thy spotless name ; 
Religion, virtue, and thy skill did raise 

A threefold pillar to thy lasting fame, -j 

— . I 

Though poysonous envy ever sought to blame, ! 

Or hide the fruits of thy intention ; i 

Yet shall they all command that high designe j 

Of purest gold to make a medicine, i 

That feele thy helpe by that rare mvention. i 

He died the 26th of May, 1623 ; his age 74 : his loving sonne, John Antbon^; 
doctor in physick, Itft this remembrance of his sorrow." 



OP ENGLAND. 12JE 

He was the son of Dr. Francis Anthony, to whose practice he 
SQcceededy and is said to have lived very handsomely by the sale of 
his father's nostrum called Aurum Potabile. He died 28th April, 
1655, aged 70, leaving behind him one son and three daughters, 
as appears by the monument erected for himself and his father in 
the church of St. Bartholomew the Great, in London. He was 
author of '* Lucas Redivivus ; or, the Gospell Physitian ; prescribing 
(by way of Meditation) Divine Physick to prevent Diseases not yet 
entered upon the Soul, and to cure those Maladies which have al- 
ready seized upon the Spirit, 1656, 4to." His head is prefixed to 
this book. Dr. Francis Anthony had another son named Charles, 
who settled at Bedford^ 

GILBERTUS JACCH^US (Jack), Med. Doct. 
& Phys. Prof. 4to. in '' Athen. Bat:' 

This eminent physician, who was equally remarkable for the 
c}uickness of his parts and the solidity of his judgment, was a native 
of Aberdeen, aiid studied at Leyden ; where, in 161 1, he took the 
degree of doctor of physic. He was author of ** Institutiones Phy~ 
ucm^' '* Imtitutiones Metaphyskce:* and " Institutiones Medicos,*' 
Lugd. Bat. 1624 ; small duodecimo. 



POETS. 
JOHN MILTON, (Mat. 10.; 

" When I was yet a child, no childish play 
To me was pleasing ; all my mind was set 
Serious to learn and know, and thence to do 
What might be public good ; myself I thought 
Bom to that end ; born to promote all truth. 
All righteous things." Par ad. Reg. 

C. Johnson p, 1618 ; Cipriani f. h. sh. 

The original, which was sold at Mr. Charles Stanhope^s sale 
*or thiity-one guineas, was in the possession of the late Thomas 
Hollis, esq. 

The "head of young Milton is mentioned here by a prolepsis; 
lot in the rank in which he now stood, but in that for which nature 
lesigned him. 



122 BIOGKAPHICAL HISTOKT 

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE. 

TO THE READER. 



It was far zcsc^ 'Sbaktsptar est; 
WherecB tibe ^irxv^^sr bad i strife 
Wid^ BatEire. to GoX-do t&e fife. 
O eosld be bst hxwe drxvn kk wit 
As wtH m brass, as be bss bit 
Hk EKe; the pant wovld tihen 
AH diat was erer wnt m bimss. 
But snce be raimot, reader, look 
Not OQ bis pidflie, but bis book.* 

B. J. (B. JoHSOX.) 

Martin Droeshoui sc. Frontispiax to his works; fd. 

Tbk print gires us a truer reptesffitatinn of Shakqieaze, than 
■erend more ponpoos memorials of bim; if tbe testimony of Ben 
JoDSon m^ be credited, to vbom be was peraonallj known; nnless 

we suppose tbat poet to bare saciificed bis Teiadty to tbe tum of 
tboagbt in bis epigram, wbich is rery improbable ; as be might have 
been easily contradicted by several that most hare remembered so 
celebrated a person. The author of a letter from Stratford-upon- 
Aron, printed in the Gentleman's Magazine about twenty years 
since, informs us, that this head is as much like his monumental 
eflBgy, as a print can be.* 

William Shakspear ; ya/. J. Godefroy^ 1796. 

William Shakspear; 4/o. T. Trotter, 1794. 

William Shakspear, with autograph; head only 
finished. T. Trotter, J 794. 

N. B. These are engraved from the sajne original 
picture as engraved by Droeshout. 

• The good people at Stratford-apon-ATon have coloared the effigies of Shak- 
•peare, to make it appear as like painting as possible. By a singular incident, his 
iDonoment stands just by that of his friend John O'Coambe ; who, but for the epitaph 
bestowed on him by Shakspeare, would never have been heard of beyond his own 
pari»h. — Lobd Uaills. ' 



OP ENGLAND. 123 

William Shak^peab; amlf 4to. Chas. Warren, 

1805. 

William Shakspeau. Graveloty 1744, ta Han- 
mr's edition, Ato. 

William Shajkjspeab. Le Goux. In Harding's 
*' ShakspeareJ"* 

William Shakspear ; 8w. C. Knight. In JMbr. 
Malone^s edition of his Works. 

William Shakespeare. jR. Earlom f. large 
octavo, mezz. neat. Engraved for a new edition of 
Suikspeares Works ^ 

This print is said to be from an original by Cornelius Jansen, in 
^ collection of C. Jennens, esq.; but as it is dated 1610, before 
Jansen was in England, it is highly probable that it was not 
painted by him ; at least, that he did not paint it as aportrait of 
Sjiakspeajre. 

William Shakespeare ; his monument at Strat- 
ford: under his bicst is the following inscription. 

'' Ingenio Pylium, genio Socrateni}* arte Maronem^ 
Terra tegit, populus msret^ Olympus habet." 

*^ Stay passenger; why dost thou go so fast? 
Read, i£thou oanst^ whom envious deSith has plac'd 
Within this monument, Shakespeare; with whom 
Quick nature d/d.; whose name doth deck the tomb 
Far more than cost ; since all that he has writ 
Leaves living art but page to serve his wit.^ 
Ob. An". D»». 1616, ^t. 53. 

yertuesc. small h. sh. 
His monument is also done in mezz. by Miller. 



* It b supposed, that Soeratem was engraved by mistake for Sophoclem; Imtfiiim 
fMiittes may be fmmd on monttmental stones, as well as /o/m qm mH l M i, - ^'L m £D 

^AXlES. 



a24 BIOORAEHrCAL HISTORY 

, . William Shakespeare ; Aif manunwnt in West- 
minster Abbof ; two prints h.sh. 



I . 



In .one of theie pi^hiits, instead of '' The dond-capt TcmenJ' Ac. 
it the following inscription, on a scroll, to which he pomts with his 
finger: ^ 

" Thu Brhain Iot'cI me, and preienr'd my fimie 
Pare from a Barber or a BeoBon's name." — ^A. Pofb* 

This monument was erected in 1741, by the direction of the Eail 
of Borfington, Dr. Mead,- Mr. Pope» and Mr. Martin. Mr. Fleet- 
wood and Mr. Rich gave each abenefit.towardsit &«»[|ii.OBe of 
Shakspeare's own plays. It was executed by Scheemakery after i 
^design of Kent* 

BEN JOHNSON. J. Oliver, p. Houbrakm te. 
Jnthe collection of Dr. Mead ; Blust. Head. It is very 
:dfmbtful whether this head be Jonson's portrait. 

m I 

Benjamin Johnson. E. Pinacotheca mblissim (t 
honoratissimi Joannis domini Sommers, 8^c. G. Hon- 
thorst p. G. Vertue sc. large h. sh. One of the set of 
Poets. A copy by Vertue ; 8vo. 

Benjamin Johnson ; a small bust in the title to his 
'' Poems;' 164:0 ;A2mo. W. M. (arshalL) 

Ben Johnson; in the print with Shakspeare. 

Ben Johnson; oval; Ato. Balston, 1799. 

Ben Jonson. Audinet sc. 



* On the moDument is inscribed " Amor publiau potuU," Br* Mead objected to 
the woni amor, as not occurring in old classical inscriptions ; but Mr. Pope and tbe 
other gentlemen concerned insisting that it should stand. Dr. Mead yielded A* 
point, saying, 

Oninia vineii amor, et nos cedamm amori, 

.This anecdote was. communicated by Dr. Lort, late Greek profesaor of CanMlg^ 
who had it from Dr. Mead himself. 



OF ENGLAND. 125 

Ben Johnson ; done from his picture in the library 
at Oxford. J. Faberf mezz. 

Ben Johnsonius; eight Latin and two English 
verses. R. Vaughan so. Ato. Sold by Geo. Humble. 

Ben Johnsonius. W. Elder sc. h. sh.^ Frontisp, 
to his Works. 

Ben Jonson, poet-laureat* to James I. and Charles I. was one 
of the greatest dramatic poets of his age. He was familiarly 
acquainted with the best ancient authors, from whom he has freely 
borrowed, and was the first that brought critical learning into 
vogue. He was as defective in tragedy, as he was excellent in 
comedy; and that excellence is confined to a few of his works. In 
Shakspeare, we see the force of genius ; in Jonson, the power of in- 
dustry. He is frequently deficient in the harmony, and sometimes 
even in the measure, of his verses. What appears to be facility in 
tis compositions is generally the effect of uncommon labour. Oh. 
16tAug. 1637,^^:^63. 

m 

• In Selden*s " Titles of Honour/* p. S42, we are informed, that " Skelton had 
the title of laureat under Henry VIII. ; and that, in the same time, Robert 
^hitmgton called himself Grammatics Magister, et Prvtovates Anglia, ^c4 Under 
Edward IV. one John Kay, by the title of his humble poet-laurcat, dedicates to him 
* The Siege of Rhodes/ in prose. But John Gower, a famous poet under Richard II. 
buried in St. Mary Overies church, hath his statue crovrned with ivy mixt with 
tcses." It is well known, that the laurel crown is of great antiquity, *' Anno 1341, 
l*etrarch was crowned poet-laureat/* In ancient times, it had been a custom to 
Crown poets who, in public assemblies, had carried the prize and obtained the pre- 
ference. This lasted till about the days of Theodosius; then it ceased ', and after- 
■Ward revived about the end of the twelfth century, and continued till it was pros- 
^ted to such a degree, in various courts of Europe, and bestowed upon sucb 
>*iiserable versifiers, that the title became perfectly contemptible and ridiculous/'^ — 
Jortin's " Remarks on Ecclesiastical History," vol. v. p. 476, 477. 

t Birch. — In Wood's " Athenae'' it is said, that when his father was dead his 
iHotlier was married to a bricklayer, who took him from Westminster school, and 
Employed him in his trade till he was sent abroad with Sir Walter Raleigh's son. 

At Sorrenden, the seat of Sir Edward Dering, in Kent, he is said to have been 
Employed in building the garden-wall. But those walls are now down, the garden 
ticw modelled, and the tradition forgotten in the family. — MSS. W. Gostling» 



X Sec Wood. 

§ See a- dissertation on the laureate poets, in the *' Mem, de la Acad.*' xv. 235. 

VOL. II. S 



126 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

FRANCIS BEAUMONT, &c. Fr(m an original 
in the possession of the Duke of Dorset. G. Vertue sc. 
L h. sh. One of the set of Poets. A copy by the same 
hand; 8w. 

Francis Beaumont, with the heads of Fletcher ^ 
Milton, and Cowley. J. Simon f h. sh. mezz. 

Francis Beaumont; mezz. J.Faber. 

Francis Beaumont. Atidinet sc. 

JOHANNES FLETCHER, episcopi Lond. filius. 
Vertue sc. large h. sh. One of the Twelve Poets. A 
copy by Vertue ; 8i;o. 

Fletcherus. W. Marshall f h. sh. engraved for 
the old edition of his and BeauTnonfs Plays. 

John Fletcher, in the print with Beaumont, 8gc. 

John Fletcher. Audinet sc. 

Beaumont and Fletcher generally wrote in conjunction. The 
former was remarkable for the accuracy of his judgment; the latter, 
for the force of his imagination. Their works resemble those of 
Moliere, in the variety and justness of characters. In Mr. Dryden's 
time, two of their plays were acted for one of Shakspeare's.* Beau- 
mont died in 1615; Fletcher, in 1625. 

JOHANNES DONNE, quadragenarius. Lorn- 
bart sc. %vo, — The original was painted before he took 
holy orders. 

Dr. John Barwick tells us, in his "Life of Bishop Morton," that 
he saw a portrait of Donne, at Lincoln's Inn, all enveloped with a 



• The merit of a dramatic poet is always seen in the strongest light on the stage. 
Mr. Garrick, who thoroughly understood Shakspeare, exhibited a thousand of his 
beauties, which had before escaped the mob of actors and of readers; and carried 
his fame much higher than it was ever raised in any former period. It is hard to 
say whether Shakspeare owed more to Garrick, or Garrick to Shakspeare. 




Pimd, (Jiros, Oeri^erts.QicdruinLTrwouMJnvmi, (fijci 



OF ENGLAND. 127 

darkildi shadow, his face and features hardly discernible, with this 
epaculatioii and wish written 'thereon, " Domine illumina tenebras 
meas :^ and that this wish was afterward accomplished, when, at 
the -persuasion of King James, he entered into holy orders. See 
ciass the ninth in the preceding reign, and the fourth in this. 

THOMAS SACKVILLE, earl of Dorset, &c. See 
SI description of his heady Class II. 

His '^ Gorboduc,'' written in conjunction with Thomas Norton, 
ind first published under the title of *' Ferrex and Porrex," 1565, 
^ined him a very great reputation; as it was the first tragedy, that 
leserved that name, in the Enghsh language.* Both the tragedies 
ind comedies written before, appear, at best, to be only remnants 
»f Gothicism. There is, in this elegant performance, a simplicity 
»f language, and propriety of character, which are still admired. It 
ras republished by Mr. Spence, in 1 736 ; and after that, in a col- 
ection of old plays^ printed by Dodsley. 

MICHAEL DRAYTON, armiger, M. 50, 1613. 
tF". Hale sc. Four Latin verses. Frontisp. to his Works, 
\n apotfolioy 1619. 

Michael Dhayton, armiger, &c. in an oval; four 
Latin verses ; 8vo. W. Richardson. 

There is a small head of him, by Marshall, i?i the en- 
graved title to his poems, 1647, 8vo. 

The late Lord Lansdowne had an original of him, which he highly 
Tafaied. It was supposed to have been done by Peter Oliver. 

The reputation of Drayton, in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I. 
stood on much the same level with that of Cowley, in the reigns of 
Charles I. and II. ; but it has declined considerably since that 
period. He frequently wants that elevation of thought which is 
essential to poetry ; though, in some of the stanzas of his '' Barons' 
Wars," he is scarcely inferior to Spenser. In his " England's He- 
roical Epistles," written in the manner of Ovid, he has been, in 
general, happier in the choice, than the execution of his subjects ; 
yet some of his imitations are more in the spirit of that poet than 

* A great part of this tragedy was written by Thomas Norton. 



128 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

several of the English translations of him. His " Nymphidia, or 
Court of Fayrie," seems to have been the greatest effort of his 
imagination, and is the most generally admired of his works. His 
character among his friends was that of a modest and amiable man. 
Ob. 1631. 

SAMUEL DANIEL. CocA^ ^c. 160Q,— His head 
is before his ^' History of the Ciml Wars betvxen the 
Homes of York and Lancaster, a Poem, in eight Booksy'' 
Lond. 1623 ; 4to. This head has been a^pied by Bre- 
therton. 

Samuel Daniel; %vo, W.Bichardmm. 

Samuel Dspiiel succeeded Spenser as poet-lauroatto Queen Eli- 
zabeth, and was then thought to have merited the Uiwel. His prose, 
in his " History of England/' has much more sini^jUcity and ele- 
gance tihan is to be found in the generality of the writers of hi^ age; 
but his poetiy is too prosaic to gain many adnurers in the present. 
He was one of the grooms of the privy-chamber to Anne of Den- 
mark, who was much taken with his conversation and writings. His 
poems and plays have been several times printed. The last edition 
was in two vols. 12mo. 1718. Oh, 1619. 

SIR THOMAS OVERBURY. S. Passceus sc. ;fat 
English verses. This has been copied. 

Sir Thomas Overbury, writing his epitaph. R. El- 
stracke sc. Compton Holland exc. h. sh. extra rare; 
copied by W, Richardson, 

Sir Thomas Overbury, iii an oval; bushy hair ;8vo. 

There is a print of him in the ^' Narrative History ■ 
of King James, for the first fourteen years^^ 8^c. 1651 ; \ 
4to, ' 

Sir Thomas Overbury, a gentleman of eminent parts and learn- 
ing, and of judgment and experience beyond his years, was long the j 
friend and confidant of Robert Car, earl of Somerset. His abilities j 
were of singular service to that favourite, who did nothing without j 




■-"''I ' f, 



^: 









' , f/ll all Ji >i u ifrvmpirfsen tuf&ftsi 



__^ ^.ffV^/ a// c.r/rrr rarf ^rtn/. /y_:^ .C^oi^r^i:, 



I 






*. 



^ *." - •. .- "'mil'Uj". ■*— ■ i1 






si ■^^■ 



■ "-* 



. I 



* • ^. .' 






OF ENGLAND. 129 

advice and direction; and was accustomed to make use of his 
n in his addresses to the king, and to his mistress. OverbuTy, 

10 was naturally haughty and overbearing, presumed to oppose 
e earVs marriage with the Countess of Essex, and expected the 
lAe deference to be paid to his judgment on this, as upon every 
ther occasion. This opposition drew upon him the rage of the 
arl, and the fury of the countess, who contrived to get him impri- 
oned in the Tower, and to dispatch him by poison. His poem 
»lled ** The Wife," supposed to be written for his friend, is the 
:liaracter of a good woman; just the reverse of the woman that he 
married. This poem, which is printed with his Characters, &g, 
bad gone through sixteen editions in 1638 ; the last was pubhsh^d, 
1753, 8vo. Ob, Sept. 15, 1613. 

GEORGIUS CHAPMAN, &c. a large head, en- 
compassed with clouds ; on the backside of the title to his 
translation of the ** Iliads It was engraved hy William 
Hok ; folio, 

George Chapman ; a small head, surrounded with 
clouds. In the title to his translation of Homer's " Bat- 
^k of the Frogs ' and Mice ;" fol. W. Pass sc. 

George Chapman; small head, surrounded with 
clouds. W. Richardson. 

The wodu of Chapman are scarcely remembered at present ; 
hough his reputation was great as a translator^ especially among 
hose who were ignorant of the Greek language; and far from 
^considerable as a poet. He translated Homer, Hesiod, and Mu- 
%us ; and boasts of having finished half his translation of the Iliad 

11 less than fifteen weeks ; a sufficient character of the performance, 
ie often strayed, or affected to deviate, from his author ; and for 
Wo Imes of his solid sense, has given us twenty flimsy lines of his 
>wn.* He appears to have been as confident of his own immor- 
^Uty as any of his poetical brethren ;t and, as he was an enthusiast 

* See the PreCace to Pope's Homer. 

^ Cicero, perhaps in too general terms, tells his friend Atticus, " Nemo unqaam 
i^^ta aut orator, qui quenquam se meliorem arbitraretur.'^ 



130 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

in poetry, was probably happier in liis ideas of posthiimoas fame, 
than Homer himself.* A cmrious obsenrer may perceive in the 
' course of Mr. Pope's translation, that he has read Chapman's. He 
was author of a considerable number of plays. Ob. 1634>, JEt. 77. 

JOSUA SYLVESTER. Van DaUm sc.h. sh. Fron- 
tispiece to his Works. 

JosEPHUs (Josua) Sylvester ; suv verses. Sold by 
Hind. 

Josua Sylvester. Peake exc. h. sh. 

Josua Sylvester, translator of ''The Weeks and Works of Du- 
bartas/' was patronised by Prince Henry. His translations gained 
him a greater reputation than his compositions. Hje was no great 
poet, but was of a much more estimable charabter; he was an , 
honest and religious man. Ob. 28 Sept. 1618, JEt. 55. Mr. Dryden 
tells us, that '' when he was a boy, he thought inimitable Spenser a 
mean poet, in comparison of Sylvester's ' Dubartas '; and was rapt 
into an ecstacy when he read these lines :" 

** Now when the winter's keener breath began 
To chrystalize the Baltic ocean ; 
To glaze the lakes, to bridle up the floods. 
And periwig with snow the bald-pate woods." 

See the dedication to the *' Spanish Fryar.'' 

RICHARDUS MARTIN US, Oraculum Londi- 
nense. In an oval ; at the top of which is the date of 
the year, 1620, in which the print was engraved. Below 
the oval is the following inscription^ which the curious 
reader will not think tedious : 

Viro illustri, Lionello Craufieldo, equiti aurato, apothecee august© j 
(guardarobam magnam vulgus vocat) et pupillorum magistro ; ma- I 
jestatique Britannicse a sanctioribus consiliis; Richardum (heufata) 
Martinum, Chr. Brocus, Jo. Hoskinus,t et Hugo (heu iterum) 

* There is a poem, by Chapman, on the marriage of the Earl of Somerset and 
Lady Frances Howard, m the most sublime style of panegyric, 4to. — liOnn Hailes. 
t Serjeant Hqskins, grandfather to Sir John. 



. r OF ENGLAND* 131 

landosy obsequii et amoris triumyirata nexi, amico amicain 
si, junctis manibus votisque, sacrant. 

Princeps amonim, prindpum nee non amor: 
Legumque lingua, lexque dicendi.magis : 
AngloFum aloinnusy preeco Virginiee ac parens: . 
Generosus ortu, moribus nee degener : 
Invietus animi, eorporis forma decens : 
Oriens cadente sole, sol ortu ccdens:* 
Magnee nrbis os, orbis minoris eoreulum : 
Bono suomm Datus, extinetus suo : 
Cunctisque eognitusy nee ignotus sibi : 
HoUandi amieus, nemini hostis, ni mails. 
Virtutis (beu) Martinus bie eompendium. 

igo Hollandu^flevifaureum et (Ere os ^primi curavit. 
nan Passceus scutpsit. i 

RiCHARDUs Martinus, &c. copied by Harding. 

lichard Martin, a native of Otterton, in Devonshire, studied at 
ford, and afterward at the Temple. His learning, politeness, and 
, were the delight and admiration of all his acquaintance. He 
lerstood and practised the graces of conversation, and was 
ally esteemed and caressed by Selden and Ben Jonson. His 
son and manners qualified him to adorn the court, and his elo- 
nee to influence the senate. King James, who was delighted 
I his faeetiousness, recommended him to the city of London. for 
r recorder. He died soon after he was elected into that office, 
31st of October, 1618. It appears, from a manuscript note of 
Aubrey*s,t in Ashmole's Museum, that excess of drinking with 
e of his fellow-wits, was the occasion of his death. This ap- 
rs to have been his only foible. Several of his poems and 
iches are in print. See more of him in the *^ Athence Oxo^ 



$esr 



This vene allades to his convivial character, and the enjoyment of his friends 
i evening, which occasioned his death. 

The print of Richard Martin was given by Sir John Hoskins to this gentleman, 
ituck it into a biographical manuscript of his, now in the Maseam at Oxford. 
is extremely rare^ 



3- 



132 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

JOANNES OWEN, Oxoniensis, &c. a small wd, 
in the title to his *' Epigrams T , 

Another somewhat larger. 

Joannes Owen ; in Crasso " Elog. Huom. laterat!' 
vol. ii. 

John Owen, a schoolmaster, commonly styled the Engliih 
Martial, was an admired Latin poet in this age. He published serei ^ 
books of epigrams, among which are very few that are genuine. ] 
The poignant, the lively, the unexpected turn of thought and ex- -^ 
pression, which has been regularly pursued and carried to a point, . 
is scarcely to be found in the compositions of this author. It is -> 
evident, from the quick sale of his book, that epigrams could 
please at this time, without the seasoning of Attic salt.* Ob. 1623, 
and was interred in St. Paul's, where a monument in brass was 
erected to his memory by his relation and countryman, Lord-keqper 
Williams. 

JOHN DA VIES, of Hereford, made a consider- 
able figure as a poet; but was much more celebrated 
as a writing-master. His poetical pieces, which are 
very nu^lerous, are a proof of his great industiy, if 
not of his genius. There is a catalogue of them in 
the *^ Athenae Oxonienses." See the next Class. 

GEORGE WITHER, M.2h 1611. Will. Hoik 
(or Hole) sc. 12mo. scarce. 

Georgius Wither ; motto " Nee habeoy nee careo, 
nee euro." Delaram sc. 1622, 4to. — See the reign of 
Charles I. 



* In the reign of James, puns and quibbles, jingle and witticism, were introdoced 
into almost every species of composition. Such a distich as this would have been 
esteemed excellent: 

" Cor mittis violas ? nempe ut violentius urar : 
Quid violas violis me violente tuis?"— Pcwtanus. 



OF ENGLAND. 133 

George Wither ; in the title to Withers " Motto^' 
621 ; scarce. 

Geotge Wither began early to display his rhyming talent, which 
le exercised for a long course of years, and had many admirers 
imong readers of a lower class. He was, in several respects, an 
ansuccessfuly but was ever a persevering writer. He was impri^ 
soned for his first book, entitled, '^ Abuses whipt and stript ;" and 
continued to write satires in prison. He also wrote his '^ Eclogues*' 
dating his confinemenjt, which are esteemed the best of his nu- 
merous works. He w s, in the time of the civil wars, an officer in 
the parliament army, and was taken prisoner by the royalists, and 
condemned to be hanged. Sir John Denham is said to have begged 
his life of the king, for this reason : ** That there might be, in Eng-, 
land, a worse poet than himself." Oh 1667, Mt, 79, 

PATRICK HAN NY, gent, a small head. In the 
engraved title to the *^ Nightingale Sheretine, &;c. Elegies 
m the Death of Queen Anne, Songs, and Sonnets,'' 
witten by him. It was printed in octavo, 1622. 

Patrick Hanny, &c. copied from the above, 
J. Berry sc. 

1 find no mention made of this sonnetteer by any of our biogia- 
phical authors. 

It has been conjectured, that the print before the comedy of 
•'Ignoramus" was done for RALPH RtFGGLE, of Clare Hall, 
the author of it ; but I see no foundation for that conjecture. This 
comedy, which was written to expose the Latinized English, and 
Other barbarisms of the law, raised a great clamour among the lawi- 
j^rs. King James, who was not given to laughter, and uttered his 
jests with a serious countenance, was, observed to chuckle at th^ 
acting of it.* 



• The following aoihentic list of the original actors in the comedy of •• Igoorainns'* 
never before printed. It was taken by the gentleman whose name is at the ep<| 
ifit 

Theodoras, Mr. Hutchinson, Clare. Hall. 
Antonins, Mr. (afterward lord) HoUis, Clare Hall. 

rOL. II, T 



11^4 BIOORAPHIOAK HD3TORT 

JOHN TAYLOR, the water-poet; dwh^kngth, 
with his badgCj as king^s waterman, namefy^ I. R. m 
cajntals^ under a crown. Me holfk qn par W:^^ hwi, 
mi an empty purse in the other; motto, ^^^ ^hdJhoy 
meaning the oar, ^' et careo, et auro^ which is tht^ 
reoerse of George Withes motto, " Nee habeo^ nee 
careo, nee euro J"' This print y which is in octiwo, is fe- 
fare his '' Memorial of all the JBwj y /i V A , . JKonan^i^ 

4x?. m heroical Verse^'' 16^2^ There if 4 mmU wi 

• • • . - . 

^*M^ I ■ ■ I ■ .1 I ■——»———— -HI— fa— «—i4——. II ■ l» I ll 

Dulmtii, Mr. Talr«i, tiw^BOin^i.f£ktmuA bkAop of^MafbocoogiL 

Ftem, Mir. lMer» Cbfe Hall. 

Toicol, Mk BngfmvB, Cl«e H«U» a ftmmd dii^ of OMilntbiiry. 

B«ibfil^^.:Mbf«H^ QnMn'a (pttfM?; > V, \ ^| 
SnidA, Mr Comptoo^ QoeMi't Colk|J!»jij|£|f<|i Mdjof fH'o^SbmB^Um, 
' Trieo» lir> iahe^'Oaw HaH, iftwiiiiiiiiffiiNi/olilate. 
Bf|U|e«)i l|r. Lm, Clife QtlL 

Cop«f,|fir«-MBtoci, Pembroke. ■ • 

PoUa, libr. CIniliaiD, Clare Hall. 

Colla, Mr. Wake, 6. C. 

Dorothea^ Noifolk, Queen's College. 

Vioce, Mr. Compton, Qaeen's College. 

Nell, Mr. Turner, Clare Hall. 

Richardas, Mr. Grame, Clare Hall. 

Pyropus, Mr. Wake, G. C. 

Fidicen (or Tibicen) Mr. Rinnarde, Clare Hall. 

Nants i GallicuB, Mr. Thorogood, Clare Hall. 

( Anglicns, Mr. Mason, Pembroke. 
Caopo, Mr. Tborogood, Clare Hall. 
Fersone, mats. 

" Archbishop Sancroft's copy is at Emmanuel College, amended and suppllied from 
three MSS. and from the printed edit. 1658. The list, or catalogue of naines, I 
compared with a MS. copy at Clare Hall, possibly Mr. Ruggle's copy, but is notia 
hi^. band, nor qualities of actors mentioned." — Mr. Bak^p's M^ V. xv« p* 479. 

— • ^ ? -r ' ' ' ^ 

* Mr. Hamilton Boyle was the last that acted this part at Westminster school : 
he acquitted himself in it with applause. " In this incidental mention of theplay of 
' Ignoramus,' it would be injustice to the great paint, and accurate research of its hot 
editor, John Sidney Hawkins, esq. not to recommend to the cnrioqs reader a pcnMl 
of it, in its present improved state ; in which eveiy notice that can be desired^ 
both as to the author and his performance, appeafi to have beoncRllecM.mitbjeqMl 
fidelity and attention." — Bindkby. 



/ 



\' 




yr//// ^////ri , //'C //a/ei ■ yr/ 



f.r„„.'^.,/.o.'4y.ir.^^,„A,;. i;,.,/,. si,„t i.„„.i,- s^ 



f 


' 


J 


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;■ 


1 


1 

p 


1 


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1 


' 1 












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II 






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OP ENGLAND. 



135 



^ ^ him, by CoekUm, in the engraved titk to his 
W»rfe, 1630. 

John TAYLOtt, the water-poet ; aval, in a square 
fiam. W. Richardson. 

John Taylor, the water-poet. Hardn^ sc. From 

^he original at ^Aford. ^ 

John Taylor, the water-poet; from the same 
jicture. R. Grave sc. 

Johh Taylor, a native of Gloucester, was intended by his parents 
ibr a scholar; but his inclination not leading him to learning, 
tikmgh it did to poetry, he was taken from school before he hsui 
gone through his Acddehce, and bound apprentice to a waterman. 
After he had qditti^ the oar, he kept a victualling^house in the 
Aoenix-alley, Lobg-iacre, where he hung up his own head for a 
ipk, witnUus ihscrtpti&n : 

There's mao^ a head stands for a sign 
Hmd, gentle reader, whj not mine ? 

He, according to Mr. Wood, did great service to the royal cause, 

B the reign of Charles I. by his lampoons and pasqnils. The works 

ff Taylor, lirfaich ar(& not destitute of natural humour, abound with 

fiNr jiiiglkij^ 1#it^ which pleased and prevailed in the reign of Jamesl. 

M iMeh too often borderted^ at least, upon bombast and nonsense* 

He was countenanced by a few persons of rank and ingenuity, but 

was the darling and admiration of numbers of the rabble. He was 

hbnself the father of some cant words, and he has adopted others 

lAich were only inrthe mouths of the lowest vulgar. His rhyming 

^irit did hot evaporate With his youth ; he held the pen much 

iniger than he did the oar, and was the poetaster of half a century. 

06. 1654, JEt. 74. 

A Man in Armour holding a Truncheon ; the print 
is inscribed, Eques LUDOVICUS PETRUCII, 
Ariodantis Filius ; Serviens Major pro Venetiis, in 
Creta, &c. 



136 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

"** Natura ingeniuni^ tribuit tibi lingua leporeiOr 
Virtutem Mavors, religioque fidem ; 
Aspera sed miserum calcat fortuna jacentem. 

Facta premens magnum quee meruere decus. * 
Heroas comites, reges qui laudibus efiers. 

Qui poteris tandem laude carere tua? 
Invideat Momus, fremat hostis, frendeat orbis, 
Macte animo, semper fama superstes erit. 

Thomas Pothecarius, Magister Artium^ 
Pub. Ludimagister Sarum." 

neatfy engraved ; 4to. 

Ludovisio Petrucci, who was born at Sienna, m Tilscany, was,. 
in the former part of his life, a soldier of fortune. la 1602, he 
served in the Venetian army in Crete, where he was sergeant-major* 
tin was afterward captain of a company of foot in the Hungarian, 
wars, and was in the same station under the emperor and several of, 
the German princes. He was driven, by his wayward fortune, into 
England; and, about the year 161 0» became a commoner of 
Edmund Hall, and afterward of Baliol College, in Oxford. He 
continued four years in that university ; and outwardly, at least, 
conformed to the church of England ; but being suspected by the 
bigoted Puritan party as a papist in his heart, he was, in a manner, 
ejected from the university. He was author of a considerable 
number of Latin Poems, and some Orations and Epistles ; one of 
which is addressed to Archbishop Abbot, and another to Lord 
Bacon. Mr» Wood speaks of him as ^' a fantastical and unsettled 
man ;" hence, perhaps, it was that he was " unfortunate in all hii? 
undertakings.'** 

* tt should be observed hei*e, under the division 6f the Poets, tt-^t there seow^ 
to have been more personal satire and abuse published in this and the former reigRf 
than in any other, except the present.t The king himself was not exempt from it. 
A Lampoon, in which there were some licentious reflections upon the court, wt| 
read by James with some indignation ; but as it concluded with 

God bless the king, the queen, the prince, the peers. 
And grant the author long may wear his ears, 

hb features relaxed into a smile, and be said, with his usual good humour, By my 
faithf and sa he shaUfor nte ;for though he be an impudent, he is a witty and a pieasanC 
rogue. 



t See Steeven's note to Dr. Johnson's and bis " Shakspeare,'* vol. x. p. 235. 



6F EI^GLAND. 137 



POETESS. 
MARIA SIDNEY, com. Pembrok. J. de Courbes f. 

Maria Sidney, Henrici comit. Pembrociae con- 
jux. S. PasscBus ^c. 1618. David's Psalms in her 
hands ; 4to. Sold by Jo. Sudbury and Geo. Humble ; 
scarce. -- . 

Mary, countess of Pembroke. Bocquet sc. In 
''Noble Authors;' by Park; 1806. 

Mary, countess of Pembroke. Harding. 

Mary, countess of Pembroke ; in an oval, with vteiu 
of Pembroke Hall ; in Wilsons '^ Cambridge f 1803. 

Mary Sidney, countess of Pembroke. W. Hollsc. 
1816 ; from the original of Mark Gerard, in the collec- 
tion of John Shelley Sidney, esq. 

Mary, countess of Pembroke, was daughter of Sir Henry, and 
lister to Sir Philip Sidney. The ties of consanguinity between this 
Slnstrious brother and sister were strengthened by friendship, the 
fSkct of congenial sentiments, and similitude of manners. She 
translated from the French, Mornay's *' Discourse of Life and 
Death," and '* The Tragedie of Antoine," both which were printed 
in Uie forj^er reign. Her greatest work was a translation of the 
Psalms, which is said to be preserved in manuscript in the library 
It Wilton.* She was supposed to have had some assistance in this 
work from Dr. Babington, afterward bishop of Worcester, who was 
chaplain in her family. Ob. 25 Sept. 1621, at her house in Alders- 
gate-street. See the elegant epitaph on her, in the *' Spectator ^''^ 
vol. V. N^ 323. 



* Ballard's " Memoirs of learned Ladies. 



!-._ ** 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



SCOTCH POET. 

JO. BARCtAIUS, nat. 28 Jan. 1 582. Ob. 12 Aug 
1621. Z). du Monstier p. C. Mellansc. 

" Gente Caledonhis, Gallas Nalalibus, hie est 
RomacD Romano qui docet ore loqui." 

The head was aigraved at the expense of Alons. de 
Pieresc, and the verses were loritten, at his request, hy 
Grotius. Frontispiece to Ihejirsl edititm of his " Argenis^' 
I62I; Ato. 

Jo. Bahclat; Ato. Pass. 

Jo. Barclay; l2/n0. 

Jo. BaBCLav, Harding, 

Jo. Barclaius; in Imperialisms " Mtiseum Sit- 
torie." Salmonico sc. 

John Barclay, son of William Barclay, the civilian,* came ioto 
GnglaDd in the reign of James, to whom he was a ^ntlemaD of 
the bed-chamber. He was regarded as an almost classic author, 
and his works were generally read. His " Icon Animorum" nu 
printed at London, 1614.t He was also the autlior of three boob 
of Latin poems; "Euphormio," and " Argems." He died at 
Parii, 12 Aug. 1621, while the last book was printing. Cardinal 
Hichlieu, who was known to be an admirer of this work, is said to 
have learned his political maxims from it. Barclay imitated Petio- 
nius in his style, but not in his obscenity. May, the poet, who 
translated the " Icon Animorum," had a great hand in the tiani- 
latioD of the " Argenis." 

* See the preceding reign, Ctui VI. 

t Id this book lie coianiEad) the proipect fiom the Towei at Greenwich, u ' ~ 
of Ibe Eaeit in Europe. Tlii> i>, perbipa, exceeded onl; bj the view of Cotibi 
HOple. The fine proipect of Farit from Belle Veiie, i bouse on an emiDCDce, b 
■ few jr»n liner, for Madtme Pompidaur, ii not equal to it. 



OF BNOLAND. 139 



MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORS. 

FRANCIS BACON, lord Verulam; inscribed 
" Francisctis de Verulamio, philosophice libertatis asser- 
tor" Sgc. W. Marshall sc, Frontisp. to the translation 
of his " Advancement of Learning,'' by Gilbert Wats, 
1640 ; fol. 

Franci6^ lord Bacon ; in the Frontispiece of SpraVs 
" Kistory of the Royal Society ,' engraved by Hollar. — 
See the reign of Charles II. Class I. 

This penetrating genius discovered the emptiness of the vision- 
aiy systems of philosophy, which had for many ages amused man- 
kind, and taught the world the sure method of coming to truth by 
experiment. He seemed to want only the leisure which Sir Isaac 
Newton enjoyed, and his knowledge in geometry, to have made as 
sorprising discoveries as that great man did.* He had, however, 
tlie glmy 4if bdng the first adventurer to th^ new world of science, 
and discoyering such mines of knowledge as will never be ex^ 
hawted. We can hardly believe that the excess of bounty and 
gimerdfiity, and the lowest kind of avarice, could subsist in so greiett 
tfersoA; wba will live in his works as long as books endure, and 
1fiB«B long remain a monument of strength of mind, and imbecility 
of lAuractet. His works are in four vols. fol. Of these, his '^ No- 
Organiim'' ift esteemed the capital.f 



SIR WALTER RALEGH. J. Houbraken. sc. In 

Ike pasiessian of Peter Barrel, esq. Illust. Head. 

• . . ^ . 

* Lord Bacon did not understand geometry. 

t'Mr. HtrgniTe,it p. 13 of his " Coke upon Littleton/' says, *' Lord Bacon's 

Ridiiig on the ' Statute of Uses' is a very profoui|4 trcadse on the subject, so 

&r as it goes; and shews that he had the clearest conception of one of the most ob- 

ftnse parts of our law. What might we not have expected from the hands of such 

a naster, if his vast mind had not so embraced within Its compuss the whdio field of 

•cieace ta fiery much to4etach htm from the professional stuftic^! It may be proper 

tl.iiMenref tiuit all: the editions of Lord Bacon's 'Heading on Uses/ are printed 

vkh «Kb ezlieiii€| iDOorrectiieas^ that many passages are rendeiei. almost unintelli** 

|fU^ei«B|o tfaejiiioM attentive soader. A wark so eacalleat deserves a better 

editioa.'' 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

1 ne picture was in Mr. Burrel's hands, as one of the eseculon 
of Sir Samuel Lennard, of West Wickham, in Kent; it is now the 
ropeity of Miss Mary Lennard, of the same place. 

Sir Walter Ralegh. S. Pass sc. Compton Hoi- 
iandexc. 4to. In the old cditiofi of his " History ofihi 
World:' 

Sir WALTEa Raleigh ; to his " History of Wil- 
liam the First. F. H. van Hove sc. 

Sir Walter Raleigh. Blood sculp. In Prim's 
" Worthies of Devon ," 4to. 1810. 

SiRWAi.TER'RALEGH;Fortitnamed'aliis. S.Paissc. 
Alo. 

Sru Walter Ralegh. Vaughansc. \1mo. 

The Dutchess Dowager of Portland had a miniature of Sir Wal- 
ter Raleigh, and liis son Walter, who was killed at St. Thome. 

Sir Walter Raleigh was a.ilhor of "The History of the World;" 
the design of which was equal to the greatness of his mind, and the 
execution to the strength of his parts, and the variety of hisleWD- 
ing. His style is pure, nervous, and majestic ; and much belter 
guited to the dignity of history, than that of Lord Bacon." Raleigh- 
seems to have written for posterity ; Bacon for the reign of Jama 
the First.t He said, with great calmness, to some of his friends, 
who deplored his confinement, when he lay under sentence of deatb, 
" That the world itself was hut a larger prison, out of which Miiifl 
were daily selected for execution." Beheaded, 29 Oct. 1618. Thl 
story of his burning a second volume of his " History of tin 
World," is disproved by Mr. Oldys, in the life of Raleigh, befort 
Uielast edition of that great work. 



• See liig ■' Life of Hen. VH." 

I Weflre now Hepaillnt; widply from nil elegnnl limplidlj of iljle; ■ndsoiM" '' 
oar hialoripg hi'glii already to look like iiotcI!'. Simplicil;, williout my elcg'*' 
«t*ll, i> preferable to tbe exEMi of it ; » the plain maanenof t Quaker are leu 
giutiiig tbsn the affecUlion of t, coicomb. Thii admirable vark of B>](ig1> 
been thought H just model for the lefomation of onilangnage. 



OF ENQl-ANJ). - 141 

WILLIAM CAMDEN. Mcfrshall sc, small. In 
dkr'i^ '' Hoh^ State:' 

William Camden ; €larmdewp, son of a paints. 
I his herald's coat. Gaywoodf. Ato. 

There is an original portrait of him in Painter's HaH. 

GuLiELMus Camdenus, Mt. 68, 1609. Frcmtispf 
^'^ Camdeniy 8^0. Epistolce:' R. White sc. Ato. 

William Caj^den, Mt. 73. R. White sc. h. sh. 

William Camden. jR. White sc* Frontisp, tQ his 
Remains :' improved by Philipotf 1674; 8w. 

William Camden ; <r small kead^piece, engraved 
^ Assers *^ Life of King Alfred:' in Latin^ published 
fWise. 

William Camden, with autograph. Thane. 

William Camden; emblems of Death; two English 
^s : sold by Geo. Humble^ Sgc. smalL 

William Camden. Basiresc. For Mr.GougKs 
proved edition of his " Britannia:' 

The world is much indebted to this great man^ as an l^istorian, 
antiquary, a schoolmaster, and a founder. His "Annals of 
leen Elizabeth/* in Latin, the materials for which were supplied 
Lord Burleigh, is one of the best historical productions of the 
derns.* His ** Britannia" rendered his name famous throughout 
rop^ ; and his Greek grammar has gone through above a hun- 
d editions. He founded a professorship of history at Oxford; 
which he may be reckoned among the first benefactors of that 
^ersitv, and the learned world. His " Britannia," which was 
: published in octavo, 1586, is now improved to three volumes 

Thii wa» repnblished by Ilearne, and enriched with many additions of great 
DL. II. ^ 



142 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

in folio, by Mr. Goagb. The valuable addttioDs lo tbat Urui bf 
Dr. Gibson, late bishop of London, arc worthy of the gretl.pei9i. 
and industry of the author : they are indeed worthy of Camdoi 
himself. OL. 9 No?. 1623, JEt. 73.» 

SIR JOHN HAYWARD, knt. doctor of law. 
W. Pass sc. l2mo. In his " Life of Edward Yir ajkf ' 
the preface. 

Sir John Hayward ; a small oval \ inthetitkto 
his '* Sanctuarie of a troubled Soulf' 1632. 

Sir John Hayward, 1616. W. Hole. 

Sir John Hayward, 1623. Payne. 

Sir John Hayward, historiographer of Chelsea College, was a 
celebrated historian and biographer^ in this, and the precediii|^ 
reign ; and was particularly admired for his style. He wrote tha-, 
lives of the three Norman kings, and also the lives of Henry IV. and 
Edward VI.. Some political reflections in the life of Henry IV. 
which offended Queen Elizabeth, were the occasion of his suffering 
a tedious imprisonment. The queen asked. Mr. Bacon, who was 
then of her counsel learned in the law, if he discovered'any treason 
in that book. He told her majesty that he saw no treason in it, 
but much felony. The queen bid him explain himself. Upon which 
he told her, that he had stolen his political remarks from Tacitog. 
This discovery was thought to have prevented his being put to tbe 
rack.f Ob. 1627. 



* It IS remarkable, tbat Camden is one of those authors wbo have sobjoined tin 
final letters for their names to some of their writings. See the end of bis dedicate 
to his " Kemaines concerning Britaine." So M. N.' are used for William WottDor' 
see the " Guardian," No. 93, B. Willis's St David's p. 90. R. T. for Peter.Pettr 
V. " Ath. Ox." ii. 1008. N. S. for John Wilkins: v. ib. ii. 828. H. D. for Se*-* 
Ward. S. S. for Thomas Rogers; v. ** Ath, Ox." ii. 914. S. N. for Thontt*^ 
Vaughan : ib. ii. 369. Y. K for Henry Stubbe : v. ib. ii. 567. N. Y. for Joht 
Dury : see Birch's *' Life of Robert Boyle," p. 299. " Cat. Bodl." ii. 703. H. T. 
for Ralph Bathurst: v. his " Life," p. 172, n. M. N. for William Needham: ibT 
Letsome's " Preacher's Assistant." 

t Camden, in his '' Annals of Queen Elizabeth," mentions a similar instance of 
a few words of this author, tortured to a treasonable meaning. They "are in the de- 
dication of the same book, addressed to the Earl of Essex; the words are, " Magnvt ' 



©JF ENGLAND. .143 

JOHANNES WYNN de Gwedir, in com. Caer- 
narvon, eques et bapnnettus. Ob. 1 Martiij 1626, 
M. 73. Vaughan sc. square beard; h. sh. 

SiE John Wynne, baronet; Ato, W. Sharp sc. In 
Barringtori's ** Miscellanies,'* 1781. 

It is also in Pennant's ** Wales,'' vol. ii. 1784. 

This gentleman, who was the first baronet of the name of Wynne, Cr. bar 
was a diligent collector of the antiquities of the principality of ^^\^ 
Wales, as well as those that related to his own ancestors. His Extinci 
" History of the Gwedir family," lately published by the honourable 
Mr. Daines Barrington,^ is curious and interesting ; as it is cha- 
racteristic, not only of several persons worth our notice, but also of 
the manners and customs of the Welsh in a remote period. Sir 
Jdm Wynne built the magnificent house of Upper Gwedir, which is 
tQpposed to have been executed from a design of Inigo Jones. It 
-ts also conjectured, that Jones might have obtained the eminent 
station to which he afterward rose from the patronage of this family. 
Sir John built and liberally endowed some alms-houses, at Llanrwst, 
for twelve poor men. He died much lamented by all that knew his 
Worth. By his wife, Sidney, daughter of Sir William Gerrard, 
chancellor of Ireland, he had issue, eleven sons and two daughters. 

EDWARDUS WARREN, de Poynton, Miles, 
Obiit Anno Dom. MDCIX. in Watsons " Memoirs of 
the ancient Earls of Warren a7id Surrey, and their 
descendants. J. Basiresc. 4to, 

Sir Bdward Warren was baptized at Presbury April ^, 1563, 
^as high-sheriff of Cheshire 40 Eliz., and, towards the end of that 
({ueen's reign, was in the Irish wars, at which time he was knighted. 
^rom copies of court rolls it. appears, that he was deputy of the 

a prsfenti judlcio et futuri temporis expectatione." The lawyers, on the trial of 
tiat oofortunate favourite, urged, that they implied a design of deposing the queen, 
tid making Essex king. 

* This ingenious gentleman observes, in his Introduction to the History, that at 
%t tJioe when tlie print of Sir John Wynne wu engraved, few, who were not very 
iigiilArly esteemed, had such respect shewn to their memory. 



444 BIOGHAPinCAX. 1MST0RT 

<Aetfidd 1 Jamte I. 

He purchased half the manor of Batlqry and lands in ^Fozimt, 
Heybridge, Smethwick, Macclesfield. Sale, ftotram Andrew, IM- 
Ifog;ton» and Presbury. in the reign of Queen Blis. hem Sir Th«na 
tSerard of J^romley, but sold them again lo ^Thomat Leglu of Adfing- 
ton, esq. 

Sir Ed¥rard Warren married, first, , danghter of Sir Edwud 

Fitton, of Gawsworth , knight, but it doe's hot 'i^[>pear' that tie bad any 
cUkMh by her. His second wife was Ano^ daogbterof Sir W3- 
^Harn DaVenport, of BramsQl, knight. By bet hie bad Isi, 3ohn,wl» 
^ttd yomg; 2d,'John, who tfocceeded to the estate; 9d, Ralidi (or 
Hhndle^ Vhb di^ yoTiing; 4th, Htaipbry, batied fit StookpoM 
Jiily 9, 1657 ; 5di, William^ 6th, Margaret; 7th, iknotber Marg&- 
Tet; 8th, Ann ; these three died yoimg ; §th, 'Frdncel^ whodied im« 
iiaarried, and was buried «t Stockport April ^0, 1633 ; lOth, MB^ 
gairet, who mkirried Thomas Singleton, "of Brougbkon Tourer, in 
Lancashire, esq. and surviving him, died in I6d^; 11 ifa, Catharine, 
bi^>iiced at Stockport March 5, 1591, tad buried «t Wood Pkiif- 
tdn Nov. 3, 1605; 12th, Dorothy ; Idtb, Ann. 

The above Ann, wife of Sir Edward, was buried -at Stcdcpoiit, 
Jiily 13, 1597, aT»d about Micliaelmas following. Sir Edward 'mc^ 
Tied, thirdly, Susan, sixth daughter of Sir WiHiam Booth, of Dun- 
ham-Massey, knight, which Siisan, according to Sir Peter Leycester, 
was baptized at Bowden May 21, 1577. She took to her second 
husband John Fitton, of Chester, esq. and died in 1636. 

By the said Susan, Sir Edward had, 1st, George; 2d, Edward, 
who married Susan, daughter of Nathan Lane, of London; 3a, 
Laurence; 4th, Richard, whose widow, Elizabeth, was living m 
1626; 5th, Halsall; 6th, Edmund; 7th, Thomas; 8th, Elizabeth; 
9th, Radcliff; 10th, Ralph; 11th, Posthumus, born two months 
after his father's death. 

In the register of Wood Plutnpton, in Lancashire, is 'the following 
entry: "Edward Warren, of Poynton, knyght, and baron of Stodc- 
jpOrte, deceased at Poynton, the 13th daye of iNoTember, 1609." He 
was buried at Stockport on the 14th of the same month. 

iSIR RICHARD X^YNNte; 4to. C. Jansen p. 
F. Biittoloz^ sc. In Pemant^s " Wal^^,'' i)dLii. a very 
fine 'portrait. 



OF ENGLAND. 145 

St fiichafd W^nne wai gentleinaii of Uie fMnTy-chbttber to 
Auin Ite Flnt» Iriien prioce of Walei, 8Sa4 attended him in ih% 
nnutic jtamey he tot^ to Spaing in 1623^ to visit his desi^e4 
Mfc, tke ufiuit^iristelr tb PfaiUp IV. Sir Richard drew tip an ad- 
wmbk ^t^minibtxt'kiB trsveisy which ib printed among the icarce 
r Ineto I7 llrffllvHite tf<teAie« On the accession of Chaiks to the 
'^ ftwe, W #■». ipii uted traasiMr to the queen ; and dying wtoh- 
tai atae, W awceeiriMdby his brother Ow6n. He married Saraiv, 
Ae daugUM^sf 'Sir HiomaB Middieton, of ChirkcaKtIe, of wiiom 
Mr. Pen^it'iiAns 4m^ there is a fine print engrayed by William 
Vittgiuuu I'ttriUehlid wias interred far from his own cOttnUjy in 
tke dmrchi wnitmMeddi^, Surrey. 

■ A-'' . •. . . 
I 

JOttlfr KOftDEN, in a scutl ca^, with a wrought 
^^^ffl^^l^ bond; a ^mall oval. 

J(^ N«rde% a very -able topographer, was, in this reign, snr- 
vejorof 'tbekfnig^a hnds, for which he received a stipend of fifty 
pounds ajmt.' Hb ipitojected an historical and chorogr^tphi^al de- 
Kripticfn^'Ml Sagjland ; but published ocnly some detached parts 
«f this igreiitliiosky wUch described particular counties. IKs *' Sp€- 
<>^ dW^^aMr,^. -which contaitis the description of Middlesex and 
Aertfordshtrd» la: weH known> He was author of the first t^ocket- 
Companion^ ot "^Oaide'lbr English Travellers," whence are taken 
^ comprelMiiiite acheroei of the market-towns, and their distance 
from ^chj oM jerasiid from -London, as thqy stand in the ** Magna 
^annia^ at Ae end of each county. His ** Surveyor's Guide,'' 
twork of metiti is very uncommon. See'mOre of him in Wood's 
* Jltk^iHg QiMaaet,** aud OongfaHi *' Anecdotes of Topognq^y." 
The former hiii aiitribtfled to him many books of divinity, which 
leem to belong to another person of both his names, possibly his 
&ther. His topb^phioal pamphlets, before they wcOre rqprinted, 
frequently sold for forty shillings apiece. 

THOMAS ALLEN> M. A. from an original pk' 
ure in the President's Lodge, at Trinity College, in 
Ijpford. J. ^rethertonf. ^vo. 

Thomas Allen, \^ho was 'bom at Uttdxeter, in Staffordshire, in 
542, was educated at Trinity College, in Oxford, of which he be- 
ame fellow ; but retired afterward to Gloucester Hall, where he 



U(i BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

iwniied hit ftadiea with unremitted ardour. He' was a moat tc- 
^nxiipiislied acholary and wai particularly eminent fbr hia knowledge 
In antiquities and natural philosophy; but was without a mal in 
taadiematiesy in which he was comparable to Roger Bacon. Idb 
ttat threat genius he was esteemed a magictan, and traa theriefois 
fcrmidable to the Tulgar. He is styled, by one who knew Um 
wen, *^ The reiy soul and sun of the mathematicians of his time."* 
He was courted by princes and nobles at home and abroad; bat 
dedined the honours and dignities which were ofiered him, that he 
migfat enjoy the speculatiYe life which helored, and the.conTer* 
sation of his select finends, who were of the first eminence in lite- 
ratnie. None of his co\itemporaries did greater honour to the 
unirersity of Oxford, or was better aoquamted with its affiun. 
Scarcely any thing of moment was transacted in it of which he did 
not inform Robert, earl of Leicester, who, wlA the opeumess of a 
ftiend, communicated to him most of the occurrences in the course 
of his administration. Mr. Wood has given us an account of his 
Tsry copious and yaluable collection of manuscripts in variqus 
branches of science,t and of the books which he composed, bat 
never printed. Some of them are lodged in the Bodleian Library. 
He died the 30th of September, 1632, and was buried with a so- ' 
lemnity suitable to the greatness of his character. He bequeathed^ 
the valuable picture, from which his print was taken, to the pre- 
sident of Trinity College^ and his successors. 

AARON RATHBORNE, mathematician ; ^Ef.44. 
S. Passaus sc. Ato. 

Aaron Rathborne was author of a book, entitled, " Thcf Sur- 
veyor," folio, 1616 ; to which is prefixed his portrait, 

ROBERTUS COTTONUS BRUCEUS. 

*^ iEsculapius hie librorum ; eerugo, vetustas. 

Per quem nulla potest Britonum consumere chartas." 



* Gal. Bartonas in " Orat Funeb. Tho. Alieni, 1632/' 4to. p. 6. 

t Allen was a great collector of scattered manuscripts, of which there is a cati- 
Ipgoe bearing date 1622, among Wood*8 papers in the Ashmolean Maseum.. He 
must carefully be distinguished from his very learned contemporary Thomas AUeo* 
of Merton College, and afterward of Eton, who assisted Sir Henry Savile in hii 
elaborate edition of « Cbrysostom.'^ See " Atben. Oxon." vol. I. col. 604. 




Aati/>^ jfj, WfiuA^dttn Caidt , Slntl lae. 



OF ENGLAND. 147 

T. Cross sc. Ihmtisp. to his ^^ A^iswer to suck Motives 
as ivere offered by milita7y Men, to Prince Henry, 
advisi^ig him to affect Arms more than PeacCy' Sgc. %vo. 
written 1609. 

RoBERTUs Cotton. Vertue sc. h. sh. engraved for 
the Society of Antiquaries. 

Robert Cotton Bruce, with autograph. Thane. 

' There is a good portrait of him at Amesbuiy^ in the possession of 
Ae Duke of Queensbury. 

. Sir Robert Cotton was a distinguished member of the Society of 
Antiquaries, in the reign of Elizabeth and James I. He began to 
make his curious and valuable collection of manuscripts in 1588 ; 
and in 1603, received the honour of knighthood. He was often 
consulted by the king and the legislature in difficult points, relating 
[to ancient cuftoms and privileges. He wrote a book on duelling, 
itnd the ^'life of Henry HI.^; was the collector of the '' Parlia- 
itafy Recprds," published by Pr3mne ; and was, to his immortal 
HQX^ the ftmnder of the Cotton Library. This is now in the 
ish Musenm, and is a most valuable augmentation of the lite- 
treasure of the public. He was the first that collected English 
; and the first engravings which we have in that kind of anti* 
were taken from originals in his collection. Ob. 6 May, 1631, 

GULIELMUS BURTON, de Falde, com. Staff. 
47, 1622. F. Deleramo sc. 4to. 

rULiELMUs BuRTON, de Faldc; 4to. W. Richardson. 

William Burton was author of the '^ Description of Leicester- 
!,*^ a book still in great esteem. We owe much to this eminent 
uary for his own merit ; but are more indebted to him for his 
eing the occasion of Sir William Dugdale*s writing his excellent 
History of Warwickshire," which he undertook upon reading this 
^ork. Lambard's " Perambulation of Kent/* Carew's " Survey of 
Cornwall," and Burton's " Description of Leicestershire," were the 

* His licad is before his book, printed in ful. 1623. 



«« 



Ptomoted 
IdOS. 



148 BIOGIlAPHICAI< HISTORY 

first histories of particular districts in the.EngUsli language. Tli« 
high price that hooks of this kind bear sheirs how much they are 
esteemed* The catalogue of religious houses in England, with 
their valuation, &c. in Speed's " Chronicle," is attributed to our 
author Burton.* He presented Leland*s " Collectanea,'* and his 
" Itinerary/' to the Bodleian Library. Ob. 1645, JSt. 70. Bishop 
Kennet styles him the best topographer since Camden. 

SIR WILLIAM SEGAR, alias f Garter, prin- 
cipal king at arms, &c. Delaram 9c. Mo^ Sold by Tko- 
mas Jenner, 8gc. 

Sir William Segar was author of "Honour CivU and Military," 
fol. 1602. He was imprisoned in this reign, for granting "the 
royal arms of Arragon, with a canton of Brabant, to George Br?ui- 
doQ, who was the common hangman;" at which the king was 
highly incensed. But it appearing that he was imposed upon in 
this affair, he was presently set at liberty.J He died in December, 
1633. There was lately published, by Joseph Edmondson, es(j. 
Mowbray herald extraordinary, a very splendid and valuable book, 
in five folios, entitled, " Baronagium Genealogicum,*' which contains 
the genealogies of English peers, engraved on copper-plates. It 
v«ras, in a great measure, taken from a manuscript of Sir William 
Segar, and is continued to the present time. The engravings of 
the arms are larger, and better executed, than any thing of this 
kind that has hitherto appeared in print. 

" SIR THOMAS ROE, ambassador to the Great 
Mogul, Grand Signior, Kings of Poland, Sweden, 
and Denmark, the Emperor, and Princes of Germany, 
at Ratisbon ; chancellor of the Garter, and privy- 
coimsellor." M, M. a Delphp. Fertuesc. 1741; h.sh. 
In the possession of the Honourable Wills HilL 

In this great man, the accomplishments of the scholfur, the gen- 
tleman, and the statesman, were eminently united. During his 



♦ See Spclman's " Concilia," torn. i. p. 215. t Sic Grig. 

i Sec particulars in '* Biog. Brit." Artie. Camden, note (8.) 




J^iMiiitd Stf.'' iSei. fy I^/tuAardrcnJariB^iittJ/. S^totd . 



OF ENGLAND. 149 

iieiideBce IB die Mogul's oonrt,* he sealoudy promoted the trading: 
nterest of this kingdom, for which the East India company is in- 
debted to him to this day.f In his embassy to the Grand Signer, 
^ collected many valuable Greek and oriental manuscripts, which 
be presented to the Bodleian Library, to .which he left his valuable 
collection of coins. The fine Alexandrian MS. of the Greek Bible, 
which Cyrill, the patriarch of Constantinople, presented to Charles I. 
was procured by his means. This was afterward published by 
Dr. Grabe. His speech at the council-table, against debasing the 
coiD, in the reign of Charles, gained him the highest reputation. 
His curious and interesting ** Negociations" were first published 
by the Society for promoting Learning, 1740, fol. Ob. Nov. 1644. 

THOMAS CORYATE, riding an an elephant; 
frontispiece to his " Letters from Asmere ;" Ato. 

There is a small head of him by William Hole, in the 
title to his *^ Crudities /" and, at page 263 of this book, 
is a whole length, by the same engraver, with a Venetian 
courtezan; Ato. 

Thomas Cory ate, JSt. 35 ; small oval. W. Rich- 
ardson. 

Tom Coryate, of vain-glorious memory, was a man of a remark- 

i able querity of aspect,^ and of as singular a character. He had 
\ learning, bat he wanted judgment; which is alone equivalent to 

p 

* This monarch, happy in his pride and ignorance, fancied his dominions to he 
the greater part of the habitable world. But what was his mortification, when in 
If ercator's maps, presented him by Sir Thomas Roe, he found that he possessed but 
s small part of it! He was so chagrined at the sight, that he ordered the maps to 
be given to Sir Thomas again. 

t _^_-« Pnblic-hearted Roe, 

Faithful, sagacious, active, patient, brave, 
Led to their distant clime8$ advent'rous trade. 

Dyer's " Fleece," ii. line 363, &c. 

^ He had a head mishapen like that of Thersites in Homer (^3c inv xs^MtX^y), 
bat the cone stood in a different position ; the picked part being before. See Fuller's 
• Worthies," in Soracnet, p. 31. 



§ The East Indies. 
VOL. II. X 



J 



190 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

di'lfce oAer finddcs af Ae M^ - He tanidkd 




■CBdcd It Zmidb He aftcfwaid tnctcilBd ailD oie 
tries; and feent tobsitf ben at kart as firagal at Beat aad dnik, 
ashe was in shoes; ashetdb liismodierinaleltaraDber,1kiliB 
Us toi mondis* tiaveb between Alefipo and Ae Ifas"''' ^^^ ^ 
spent bat tbree pooads^ living "reasonably wdD* for aboottso- 
pcnoeaday. HesoaicliniesTentnEedbislife,bjbiBiIl-tiHndaid 
fan Christbnity; bavmg, on several o rca ri nns^ pa b M j ' dedaied 
MahoBMt to be an impostor. He ddnrcred an oration to die Mogul 
in tbe Persian langnage, and qidkediatof Indostanwidisadi'Tob- 
bilitj, that he was an Ofermatdi fiir a notoiioas scold in heraiodia 
tongoe.* He, lilnoCber ooiiGombs;died widiontloiQwinghiiiitdf 
to be of that character, m 1617.t Coryate as ardently wished to 
walk orer the worid, as Alexander fid to orernm it wiA his snsiek 
The most cnrions aoooont of him extant is in Terry's ** Voyage to 
IBast India,'" p. 58, &c. The most singdariy remarkable of Uii 
books is entitled, ^Ciiidities hastily gobbled up in five Months' Tia- 
▼ek, in France, Savoy, Italy, Rhetia, Helvetia, some Parts of Hi|^ 
Germany, and die Netherlands." Lond. 1611 ; large 4to. .' Bc^ 
this book are about sixty copies of verses, by the poets of thattime^ 
who tickled the vanity of the author, while they made a jest of him. 
The book is scarce, and sells at a high price. It was r^rinted 
some years ago in 3 vols. 8vo. 

FRANCESCO BIONDI ; a head, in the '' Glork 
de gli Incogniti de Venetia ;" G. Picini so. 1647, 4to. 

This gentleman, who was bom atLiesena, an island of Dalmatia, 
in the gulf of Venice, was introduced by Sir Henry Wotton, the 
ambassador there, to the notice of King James. He was, by that 
prince, sent with secret commissions to the Duke of Savoy, and was 
afterward made a gentleman of the bed-chamber, ami received the 
honour of knighthood. His elegant " History of Ihe Civil Wars 
betwixt the Houses of York and Lancaster," which was written in 



• Wood's " Atben. Oxon." vol. i. col. 424. 

t " Had he litred/' says Mr. Aubrey, " to return, into England, his travels \aA 
been most estimable ; for though be was not a wise man, he wrote faithfully matter 
of fact" MS. in Museu AshmoL 



OF ENGLAND, l&l 

Italian, ami translated into English by Henry Gary, earl of Mon- 
noath^ gained him great reputation. It should be observed, that, 
like other foreign writers of our English story^ he has made wild 
mdc with proper names. 

DARSSIE, 

^' Though hellish spleen and rancour of this age 
With envies hand, draw forth in furies rage, 
Against thy front, a shaft of discontent, 
What needs thou care? thy vertues can prevent; 
For innocence, by wicked tongues opprest. 
In Wisdome's eye is ere accounted blest." 

Fr. Delaram sculp. Ato. extremely rare, 

Darssi£, &c. a facsimile copy of the above, in the 
Woodbum Gallery. 

Abraham Darssie (or Darcie), was the translator of the following 
scarce book, ** Ann ales the true and Royall History of the famous 
Empresse Elizabeth Queene of England, France, and Ireland,' &c. 
True Faith's Defendresse, of Divine renowne, and happy memory, 
wherein all such memorable things as happened during hir blessed 
raigne, with such acts and treaties betwixt hir Ma**® and Scotland, 
Prance, Spaine, Italy, Germany, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, 
Russia, and the Netherlands, are exactly described. Faithfully 
translated out of the French by Ab. Darcie, and published by the 
King's most gratious authority. London, printed for Benjamin 
Fisher," quarto ; no date. 

The portrait of Darssie occurs on the last leaf of the book, and is 
10 very scarce that it has been sold without the book for thirty-six 
loineas, but not one copy in a hundred can be found which con- 
tains the. head. 

SAMSONUS LENNARD, tarn Martis quam 
Mercurii Alumnus. R. V. (Robert Vaughan)sc. He 
is represented in armour. Before his translation of 
Charron. 

This gentleman was cousin-german of Samson Lennard, of 
Chefening, in Kent, who married Margaret, baroness Dacrc, and 



162 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

idiffbmk honoiinble mention is Mide by CtmiitB; in hit^firt- 
im^!* Ia the early |Nurt of Ub life he addicted hinwlf to aflrma, 
aadwM attechodto the gallaot Sir FhUip jSidaey, with vfaem he 
went into the Netherlands,* and was with Um wfaeB. hasBoeiied 
his fatal wound at the battle of Zutphen. He afterward made hiiD-< 
self known as a man of letters, and was patroni^d |yy som^of the 
principal persops of his time, particularly by Prince Haury, and 
William, eail of Pembrokcf He published sereral translations from 
the Latm and French ; namely, Penin'ii *'Hbtory (rf the Wal- 
denses,^ Du Plessis Momay^s ** History of the PBff§cm^ and 
Charron ^ on Wudom.** Re was of some note as a topographer, 
and of considerable eminence as a herald, haying been, in the latter 
part of his life, a member of the college of arms. Some of his 
heraldical compilations, which are ju|fitly. ea^teemod^t ve amdng^the 
manuscripts in the British Museum. He died about the year 1630, 
aind waa buried at St. Bennet's, Paul's Wharf.^tam indeb^ for 
this whole article to the Right Honourable the Lord. D^cre. • 

I' Aad DO account of the two following persons. 

6ULIBLMUS BOWES, anniger, ^.69; under- 
neath are eight verses, denoting his piety. 

JOHANNES ROBINUS, M. 58, 1608; 8m 
Under the head are some bad Latin va^ses, intimeUx^ 
his great knowledge in foreign plofits. 






- 



JOHANNES FLORIUS, Augustae Ann«e Angl 
Scot. Franc. & Hib. Reginae Praelector Ling. Italica; 
M. 68, 1611. G. Holese. Before his Italian Didi- 
onan/j entitled^ *' Queen Annds new World of Words,^ j^ 
1611;/©/. 



John FloriOk who descended from the Florii of Sienna, in Tsf- 
cany, was born in England, whither his parents fled from the perse- 



•^ 



• See the dedication of Perrin's ** History of the Waldensea.'* 

t ^^oation at 1)4 Ptessis Moiiiay*8 •' Hist." ^^ 

t. " QtkUlQgim of th« Harhsias MSS." l^ dra part doiw by W)inVijr. 



^ 



OP ENGLAND. 153 

don in the Valtoline, in the reign of Henry VIII. He was some 
le a member of the university of Oxford^ where he taught the 
dian and French languages, in both which, soon after the acces- 
»n of James L he was retained as tutor to Prince Henry. It ap- 
ars from the inscription on his print, that he taught the queen 
dian. He first recommended his brother-in-law, Daniel, the poet 
td historian, to the notice and favour of her majesty. See m^re of 
m in the '' AthewB Oxonienses/^ where is a detail of his works ; the 
ost considerable of which are his Italian Dictionary, and his 
.Tuislation of Montaigne's Essays." Ob» 1625. 



SCOTCH AUTHORS. 

LORD NAPIER* (or Neper), 1620. Delaramsc. 
ilculating with his bones; l2mo. 

Sir John Napier; yb/.\R. Cooper. 

Sir John Napier. Brown del, small oval; Beugo, 
^om an original in the possession of the Earl ofBuchan. 

He was the celebrated inventor of logarithms ; by which a great 
xiety of problems in arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy^ are 
sily solved; but are otherwise thought inexplicable, or else 
nnot be explained without great labour. This discovery was of 
ach the same importance to the learned world, as that of the 
igitude would be to the commercial. This great genius bewil- 
red himself in a comment on the Apocalypse, and was confident 
at the world would continue precisely ninety years.f In this 
itance only, his calculation failed him. Ob. 1617, ^t, 57.| 



* His son was the first peer of the family. See " Scottish Compendium/' p. 324. 
K also " Cat. of Royal and Noble Authors/' vol. ii. p. 212, second edit. 

* Hakewil's " Apology/' p. 23, second edit. 

; Lilly, the astrology, ioibrros us, that Briggs, the famous mathematician, went 
> Scotland on purpose to visit the inventor of the logarithms ; and that, at the 
xview betwixt these great men, neither of them could speak to the otiier for near 
jarter of an hour. — Lilly's ** Life," p. 105. 



L54 BIOGRAPHICAL HlfiTORT 

WILLIAM LITHGOW, in a Turkish dress, wUh 
his staff in his hand; whole length; cut in wood: B 
represents him, as he informs us, at p. 120, t^the octavo 
edition of his ^^ Travels,'^ in the garb in which he walked 

thrmigh Turkey. 

« 

William Litugow; in Caulfield's ^^RemarhMe 
Persons J*' 

William Lithgow, whose sufferings by iiDprisonmeiit and torture 
at Malaga^ and whose trarels, on foot, over Europe, Asia, and 
Africa, seem to raise him almost to the rank of a martyr* and a 
hero, published an account of his peregrinations and adventure8.t 
Though the author deals much in the marvellous, the horrid ac- 
count of the strange cruelties of which, he tells us, he was the sab. 
ject, havci however, an air of truth. Soon after his arrival m Eng- 
land, from Malaga, he was carried to Theobald's on a feather bed, 
that King James might be an «ye- witness of his ^^mar^rred ana- 
tomy ;" by which he means hb wretched body, mangled and re- 
duced to a skeleton. . The whole court crowded to see him : Us 
majesty ordered him to be taken care of, and he was twice sent to 
Bath at his expense. By the king's command he applied to Gon- 
damor, the Spanish ambassador, for the recovery of the money and 
ether things of value which the governor of Malaga had taken frooi 
him, and for a thousand pounds for his support. He was promised 
a full reparation for the damage he had sustained ; but the peiif' 
dious minister never performed his promise. When he was upfli 
the point of leaving England, Lithgow upbraided him with lli'jl^ 
breach of his word, in the presence-chamber, before several gead^ 
men of the court. This occasioned their fighting upon the ^Y^\ -d 
and the ambassador, as the traveller oddly expresses it, had 
fistula:^ contrabanded with his fist. The unfortunate Lithgow, 
was generally commended for his spirited behaviour, was sent 
the Marshalsea, where he continued a prisoner nine months. 

* He suffered as a spy and heretic, having been condemned. by the inqoij 
t The first edition was printed in 1614> 4to. and reprinted in the next reign, 

additions, and a dedication to Charles I. 
X Gondamorwas afflicted with a fistula, which occasioned bis using a 

chair, which is exhibited in one of his prints. > 



OF ENGLAND. 1S5 

I 

lie conclufdoA of rthe octavo edition of his '^ Travels/' he informs; 
s, that, in his three voyages, '* his painful feet have traced over 
resides passages of seas and rivers) thirty-six thousand and odd i 
liles, which draweth near to twice the circumference of the: whole 
arth/' Here the marvellous seems to rise to the incredible, and to 
et him, in point of veracity, below Coryat, whom it is nevertheless 
lertain that he far out-walked. His description of Ireland is whim- 
lical and curious. This, together with the narrative of his sufferings,- 
8 reprinted in Morgan's ** PhosmjrBritahnicusJ* His book is very^ 
scarce. 



ASTROLOGERS. 

Dr. SIMON FORMAN, astrologer ; from the ori- 
ffnal drawing in the coll/ection of the Right Hon. Lord 
Mmmtstuart. Godfrey sc: Ato. 

Dr. Simon Form an ; cofjpyfrom the above; in Caul- 
field's " Remarkable Persons.^' 

Simon Forman, as great a knave as ever existed, became useful 
k the amorous intrigues of the lascivious Countess of Essex ; 
ifterward wife of Carr, earl of Somerset, and was one of the agents 
QB|doyed to destroy Sir Thomas Overbury by poison. 
. The best account of this pretended philosopher is to be found in 
4e life of Lilly, a feDow-labourer in the vineyard of knavery, and is 
•t follows: — " When my mistress died, she had under her arm- 
^, a small scarlet bag full of many things, which one that was 
We delivered unto me. Thete was in this bag several sigils, some 
1^ Jupiter in Trine, others of the nature of Venus, some of iron, and 
^ of gold, of pure angel-gold, of the bigness of a thirty-three 
llilling piece of King James's coin : in the circumference on one 
de was engraven, Vicet Leo de trihu Judae Tetragrammaton ; 
ithin the middle there was engraven a holy lamb. In the other 
i^umference there was Amraphel ; and three' in the middle, 
^nctus PetruSy Alpha and Omega, 

** The occasion of framing this sigil was thus: her former has- 

i|id-travelling into Sussex, happening to lodge at an inn, and to 

in a chambei:'thereof;wherein,'notrmany months before,- a coun- 



156 BIOOBAPHICAl HISTORY 



tijghnerhadUB/aiidmtlieiiiglUciitliitoini t^^ after ^ 
B^lifi lod^g he was peq>etQeDf , and for many ytean^ followed 
bjr a qarit, wHuA tocally and articalately provoked him to cut his 
throat;' he waa need fineqaendy to say, ' I defy thee, I defy thee, 
I defy thee/ and to spk at the S|Hrit. Thuepirit followed him many 
years, he not nakbg a&y body acqoainted widi it ; at last he grew 
melancholy and discontented, whidi being carefolly observed fay his 
wifr, she many times hearing him pronoonoe * I defy thee/ && 
die desired him to acquaint her with the canse of his distemper,, 
which he then did. Away she went to Dr. Simon Forman, wha 
lived then in Lambeth, and acquaints him with it ; who having 
firamed this sigil, and hanged it about his neck, he wearing it con- 
tinually until he died, was never more molested by the spirit. Isold 
the sigil for thirty-two shillings, but transcribed the words verbatim 
as I have related. Sir, you shall now have a story of ibk Simon 
Fortnan, as his widow, whom I well knew, related it unto me. Bot 
before I relate his dea&^ I shal) acquaint you scmieHungdrthe man, 
as I have gathered them from some manuscripts, of Us own writing, 
** He was a chandler's son in the city of Westminster, and tra- 
velled into Holland for a months in 1580, purposely to be instraeted 
in astrology, and other more occult sciences ; as also in physic, taking 
his degree of doctor beyond seas. Being sufficiently furnished and 
instructed with what he desired, he returned into England towards 
the latter end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and flourished untii 
that year of King James, wherein the Countess of Essex, the Bail 
of Somerset, and Sir Thomas Overbury's matters were questionedj 
He lived in Lambeth with a very good report of the neighbourhood, 
especiaUy of the poor, uiito whom he was charitable. He was apef« 
son that in horary questions (especially thefts), was very judicious 
and fortunate ; so iJso in sicknesses, which indeed was his mfister^ 
piece. In resolving questions about marriage he had good sue* 
cess ; in other questions very moderate. He was a person of inde* 
fotigable pains. I have seen sometimes half one sheet of papef 
wrote of his judgment upon one question; in writing where^lw 
used much tautology, as you may see yourself (most excellent 
esquire) if 3rou read a great book of Dr. Flood's, whidi you have^ 
who had all that book from the manuscripts of Forman ; for I halt 
seen the same, word for word, in an English manuscript formerly be^ 
longing to Doctor Willoughby, of Gloucestershire. — Had Format 
lived to have methodized his own papers, I doubt not but he wooU 
have advanced the Jatro-mathematical part there(tf v^ completdf^ 





The lUusirtour i^Htdh borne Frtn 
ce Kupert Count PaI^Iizxp of y'Khe- 
-be & KnijlJ aftheniofi noble Orier 

otthiGtrHr &General.ribe£bnei> 

tut Am. Km^ ClArUs A 16AS 



^ ii h^'^^A,a^Sr^J\rj/Jh^-i^_/^^ 3'~.yjd' 



OF ENGLAND. 167 

» ■ . . . . .■ , 

for he was very observant, and kept notes of the success of his judg- 
ments, as in many of his figures I have observed. I very well remem- 
ber to have read in one of his manuscripts what followeth. 

'' * Being in bed one morning/ says he, ' I was desirous to know 
whether I should ever be a lord, earl, or knight, &c, whereupon I 
set ci figure ; and thereupon my judgment :' by which he concluded,^ 
that within two years' time he should be a lord or great man : ' But,' 
says he, ' before the two years were expired, the doctors put me in 
Ifewgate, and nothing came.' Not long after, he was desirous to 
know the same things concerning his honour or greatship. Another 
fig;are was set, and that promised him to be a great lord within one 
year. But he sets down, that in that year he had no preferment at 
all; only < I became acquainted with a merchant's wife, by whom I 

got well.' There is another figure concerning one Sir Ayre, 

bis going into Turkey, whether it would be a good voyage or not : 
the doctor repeats all his astrological reasons, and musters them 
together, and then gave bis judgment it would be a fortunate 
voyage. But under this figure, he concludes, ' this proved not so, 
for he was taken prisoner by pirates ere he arrived in Turkey, and 
lost all.' He set several questions to know if hfi should attain the 
philosopher's stone; and the figures, according to his straining, did 
seem to signify as much; ftt^d then he tugs upon the aspects and 
configurations, and elected ^ fit ihne to begin his operations ; but 
by and' by, in conclomii, he addfii^ 'so the work went forward ; but 
npon a of b the setting glMHH ,broke« ^A. I lost all my pains.' He 
sets down five or sue jiidgp^ts^ \>9% still comp)ain3 all came to 
n6thing, upon the malignfmtiailI^Ct% of ^ and^j^ ^ Although som^ 
of his astrological judgmeUti did fiSl, more particukrly those con- 
cerning himself, he being no 1VAy.c<l{|ab)e i^such preferment as he 
ambitiously desired; yet I shall repeat some other of his judgments, 
^hidi did not fail, being performed by conference with spdrits.-r- 
My msstreiss went once unto him, to know when her husband, then 
b Cumberland, would return, he having promised tq be at honae 
near the time of the question. After some consideration, he told her 
to this e£fect : ' Margery,* for so her name was, ' thy husband 
vill not be at home these eighteen days ; his kindred have vexed 
Urn, and he is come away from them in much anger ; he is now in 
•Cttlide, and hath but duree-pence in his purse.' And when he 
came home he confessed all to be true, and that upon leaving hi? 
lu&dred he had but three-pence in his purse. — I shall relate one 

^ more, and then his death. 

VOL. II, Y 



158 BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT 

'' One Cdeman, dcrk to Sir ThcinM BeMmont, of Lekeite^^ 
hmYiogbmd some liberallkroiin both from lib lady and her dng^ 
ten, bragged of h, Ac. The kn^ bnMgiit him iato the Slar- 
chamber, had hit terrant aentcnced to be pilloried, whipped, and 
afterward, during life, to be imprisoned. The sentence was enj^ 
cnted in London, and jras to be in Leicestershiie : two keepen 
weie to convey Coleman from the Fleet to Ldoester. My miatren 
taking consideration of Coleman, and the miseries be was to suftr, 
went presently to Forman, and acquainted him thefewith; «1m^ 
after consideration, swore Coleman had lain both with modier aid 
daughters ; and besides said, that die old lady being afflicted ^ 
fits of the mother, called him into her chamber to hold dan. 
the fits with his hands; and that he holding his hands abont 
the breast, she cried, * Lower, lower,' and put his hands below 
her belly ; and then He also told my 

mistress in what posthre he lay with the young ladies, Ac- and 
said, 'They intend in Leicester to whip him to death; bat I 
assure thee, Margery, he shall never come there ; yet they sc^ nff- 
ward to-morrow,' says he ; and so his .two keepers did, Cdenuffi'i 
legs being locked with an iron chain under the horse's belly. la 
this way they travelled the first and second day : on the third day; 
the two keepers, seeing their prisoner's civility the two preceding 
days, did not lock his chain under the horse's belly as before, bot 
locked it only on one side. In this posture they rode some raifes 
beyond Northampton, when, on a sudden, one of the keepers had a 
necessity to untruss, and so the other and Coleman stood still; by 
and by the other keeper desired Coleman to hold his horse, for he 
had occasion also. Coleman immediately took one of their swords, 
and ran through two of the horses, killing them stark dead ; gets 
upon the other, with one of their swords : ' Farewell, gentlemen/ 
quoth he, ' tell my master I have no mind to be whipped in Leices- 
tershire,' and 80 went his way. — The two keepers in all haste went 
to a gentleman's house near at hand, complaiqing of their misfor- 
tune, and desired him to pursue their prisoner, which he with much 
civility granted.: but ere the horses could be got ready, the mistress 
of the house came down, and inquiring what the matter was, went 
to the stable, and commanded the horses to be unsaddled, .with 
this sharp speech — ' Let the Lady Beaumont and her daughters 
live honestly ; none of my horses shall go forth upon this occasion*' 

*' He professed to hi$ wife there would be much trouble abqot 
Carr, and the Countess of Essex, who frequently resorted unto him, 



OF ENGLAND. 159 

luid from whose company he would sometimes lock himself in his 
study a whole day, — Now we come to his death, which happened 
ftsfollows : — the Sunday night before he died j his wife and he being 
at supper in their garden-house, she being pleasant, told him, that 
she had been informed he could resolve, whether man or wife 
slioold die first ; * Whether shall I,' quoth she, * bury you or no?' 
* Oh Trunco,' for so he called her, * thou wilt bury me, but thou 
wilt much repent it/ . ' Yea, but how long first V * I shall die,l 
said he, * ere Thursday night/ — Monday came^ all was well. 
Tuesday came, he not sick. Wednesday came, and still he was 
"Well ; with which his impertinent wife did much twit him in the 
teeth, Thursday came, and dinner was ended, he very well : he 
went down to the water-side and took a pair of oars to go to some 
buildings he was in hand with in Puddle Dock. Being in the middle 
of the Thames, he presently fell down, only saying, ' An impost, 
an impost,' and so died. A most sad storm of wind immediately 
following. He died worth one thousand two hundred pounds, and 
left only one son called Clement. All his rarities, secret manu- 
scripts, of what quality soever. Dr. Napper, of Lindford in Bucking- 
hamshire, had, who had been a long time his scholar; and of whom 
Torman was used to say he would be a dunce : yet in continuance 
of tiine, he proved a singular astrologer and physician. His son, 
Thomas Napper, esq. most generously gave these manuscripts to 
Bias Ashmole, esq. and they are still preserved in the Ashmolean 
Museum, Oxford." 

Dr. JOHN LAMBE, assaulted by a mob in the 
'Street; wood-cut; scarce. 

Dr. John Lambe ; copied from the above ; J. Ber- 
ry sc. 

Dr. John Lambe; m a circle ; dagger in his hand. 
Thane. 

John Lambe, a most notorious empiric, commenced his career as 
a professor of physic, caster of nativities, and teller of fortunes. He 
^as indicted at Worcester, the 5th of King James, for sorcery and 
witchcraft, practised on tlie body of Thomas, lord Windsor, of which 
fce was found guilty ; but the judgment was stayed. He was con- 
fined a long tinae in Worcester Castle, and afterward removed to 



160 BIOGRAPHICAIr HISTORY 

the King's Bench prison in Surrey; and while there, was a secoikl 
time indicted for a rape upon the person of a girl of eleven yefefk 
of. age; for which ofience he was tried, convicted, and teceiVed 
sentence of death. He made friends, however, to obtain a pardoo, 
and was afterward protected by the Duke of Buckingham ; bat he 
was so much hated by the common people, that on the I3thrf 
June, 1628, he was attacked by a mob in the streets, and beaten in 
such a manner that he died the following day in the Poultry 
Compter, whither he was taken for protection. 



CLASS X. 
ARTISTS, &c. 

PAINTERS. 

PETER OLIVER; seipsep. T. Chambars sc. In 
the ^^ Anecdotes of Painting ;" 4to. 

Peter Oliver ; an anonymous etching ; small h, sh. 
fine. 

There is a portrait of him, by Hanneman, at Kensington. 

This artist was equally celebrated for history and portrait; and 
comparable in the latter to Isaac Oliver, his father. The head of 
his own wife, in the collection of the late Dutchess-dowag^f of 
Portland, is supposed to be the most capital of his works. Oh. arc. 
1664, JEt, 60. Isaac Oliver, the glass-painter, is supposed to have 
been the son of Peter's younger brother James. 

PAUL VANSOMER. T. Chambars sc. In the 
** Anecdotes of Painting ;" 4to. 

Paul Vansomer; oval; anonymous. Simon Pass sc. 
Anno 1622 ; scarce. 

Paul Van Somer, an artist of great merit, painted the fine portrait 



OF ENGLAND. Iftl 

)C WiUiam^ earl of Pembroke, at St. James's; die Lord-chancellor 
Bacon, at Gorhambury ; and the Marquis of Hamilton, yrith the 
irhite staff, at Hampton-court. He died in England, the 5th of 
hkL W^y and was buried at 9t. Martin V in the Fields.^ •See a more 
particular account of him and his works in Mr. Walpole's ** Anec- 
dotes of Painting." 

CORNELIUS JANSEN (vulgo Johnson). T. 
Chambers sc. In the " Anecdotes of Painting ;" 4to. 

Cornelius Jansen ; Ato. C. Jansen p. C. Wau- 
mans sc. 

Cornelius Jansen, a Dutchman, was portrait-painter to the king. 
He affected black drapery, to add to the force of the face, which 
was generally so well painted, as to stand in no need of artifice to 
set it off. There is a stiffness in most of his portraits, which w^s not 
altogether the effect of the dress of the time. His fame began to 
decline upon the arrival of Vandyck^ in the next reign ;. which 
occasioned his leaving the kingdom. One of his most celebrated 
works was the portrait of Lady Bowyer, of the family of Auciher, in 
Kent, called, for her exquisite beauty, " The Star in the East."* 
His price for a head was five broad pieces. Ob, 1665. 



A SCOTCH PAINTER. 

GEORGIUS JAMESONE, Scotus, Abredonensis, 
patriae suae Apelles; ejusque iixot Isabella Tosh, et 
fflius. G. Jameson p. A". 1623; Ales'"., pronepos.f. 
aqua forti, A. D. 1728 ; Ato. There is a copy of this 
hy Bannermany in the second edition of the ^^ Anecdotes 
rf Painting.'' 

* See " Anecdotes of Painting," vol. ii. p. 6. second edit. Jansen lived some 
^ at Bridge, a village three miles from Canterbury, on the Dover Eoad, and 
painted a great number of portraits in this county. The family seat of Ancber is 
At Biahopsbom, the parish adjoining to that of Bridge. Sir Hewit Aucher, the last 
Wnet, died about fifty years ago. 



162 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

George J amesoi/je, holding a'miniafUre. T. Trotter 
sc. 1795. 

George Jamesoney who was bom at Aberdeen in 1586, is by Mr. 
Walpole, styled " The Vandyck of Scotland." He was a fellow- 
disciple with that great master, in the school of Rnbens at Ant- 
werp. There are many of his works in his own country. The most 
considerable collection of them is at Taymouth, the seat of theEad 
of Breadalbane. He painted a portrait of Charles I. from the life; 
and another of Arthur Johnson, his physician. The latter is in the 
Newton College of Aberdeen.* Some of his pictures were so 
masterly, that they have passed for Vandyck's. Michael Wright, 
who did the portraits of many of the judges in GuildhaH^ was his 
disciple. He died at Edinburgh, 1644. 

FRANCOIS QUESNEL, &c. ag6 de 73 Ans, 
1616. Peint par luy-mjemt ; gravi par Michel LAsm. 
Under the oval are a pallet and books ; h.sh: 

Francois Quesnel, who descended from an ancient and eminent 
family in Scotland,t was born in the royal palace at Edinburgh, 
where his father had an employment under James V. and afterward 
under Mary of Lorraine, the queen regent. He succeeded Janet, 
as principal painter to Henry III. who, with his whole court, es- 
teemed him as an excellent artist and a worthy man. He knew 
how to employ his pen to advantage, as well as his pencil, of which 
his *' History of Paris," is a sufficient proof. He also published the 
first plan of that city in twelve sheets. He was a man of great vir- 
tue, and no less modesty ; having earnestly declined the overtures 
of the chancellor de Chiverny for his advancement, and refused the 
order of St. Michael offered him by Henry IV. His portraits have 
been confounded with Janet's, as Janet's have with those of Hans 
Holbein. Oh. 1619. 

The substance of this article is in French, under the head. ItwW 
originally written by abbe de MaroUes. 



• New-Towk, i.e. the borough of Aberdeen; it is properly called the Marischal 
College, from its founder. — Lord Hailes. 

t His father, a Frenchraan, settled In Scotland. — Lord Orford. 



OF ENGLAND. 168 

There is a quarto print of the following artist, 
nentioned by Baglione, p. 186. 

" CRISTOPHANO RONCALLI, Pittore, atid6 
perlaGermania, perlaFiandra,per TOlanda, per I'ln- 
ghilterra, per la Francia ; e finalmente, carico d'ho- 
nori, e di 74 anni, fini il corso, 1626." JMr. Walpole 
knows nothing of him. — He died at Rome. 



A STATUARY. 

NICHOLAS STONE, senior. T.,Chambars sc. 
Jn the same plate with his son, of whom there is an ac- 
count in the nest reign. The print is in the ^* Anecdotes 
of Painting y 

Nicholas Stone was the most noted statuary in the reign of James. 
Re did a great number of monuments, of which the most consider- 
able was in memory of the father, mother, brother, and sister, of 
Lucy, countess of Bedford, for which she paid him 1020/. He was 
employed as master mason in building the Banqueting-house at 
M^bitehall. He built the gates of the Physic-garden, at Oxford, 
)Aer a design of Inigo Jones. The great gate, and front of St. 
Mary*s Church in that university^ were also built by him. Ob. 24 
Aug. 1647, £t. 61. 



ENGRAVERS. 

HENRICUS HONDIUS. H. Hondius deUn. 
^ra. Bouttatsf. Jean Meyssens excud. Ato. 

Henry Hondius, in his time esteemed a good engrarer and de- 
signer, was, according to Mr. Walpole, ^ ton of lodocus Hoodjat ;'' 
>ut this circufDstance is not mentioDed in the short account of him 
Inder his head. He is there said to have been bom at DuHel, in 
Brabant, and to hare learned his art from John W^ierx. He was a 
ioosiderable proficieot in geometry, perspecttre, and foctificatioii, as 
fell as engimviiif^. He is said to hare died at tbe Hague. See 



164 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

some account of his works in the " Catalogue of Engravers^*' p. 36, 
of the second edition. 

JODOCUS HONDIUS. J. Hondius; prefixed to 
Mercator's " Atlas^' 1636 ; foL 

Jodocus Hondius, son> of Oliver de Hont, an ingenious artist of 
Ghent, where, probably, Jodocus was bom in 1563, and where he 
studied mathematics, and the Latin and Greek tongue. When about 
twenty years old he came to England, and was employed in making 
mathematical instruments and types for printing, and in engraving 
charts and maps. His celestial and terrestrial globes were the 
largest then made, and were much commended. He engraved por- 
traits of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Francis Drake, &c. He married in 
London in 1586, and removed to Amsterdcun, where he died in 1611, 
leaving one son named Henry. See Walpole*s " Engravers." 

HOEFNAGLE. A. Bannerman sc, 4<o. Copied 
from a set of heads of painters^ and other artists^ pub- 
lished bi/ Jamsonius, 1618, and engraved bi/ H.Hondius^ 
£gc. Several of the heads before described^ are copied' 
from this collection. 

Hoe FN AG le; in Sandrart. 

George Hoefnagle, a native of Antwerp, engraved a great number 
of maps for Ortelius's " Theatrum Orbis Terrarum." He also ei|- 
graved a map of Bristol, and a view of Nonesuch, a famous palace 
built by Henry VIII. the latter is in Braun's or Bruyn's " Civitates 
Orbis Terrarum,'* one of the first sets of perspective views ever 
published.* 

• Prints of this kind, wKich are of great use in studying the history arid topo- 
graphy of our own country, are now become very numerous. I shall m^Htioft sotue 
of them, and shall also mention a few others that may he useful to the same p<I^ 
pose; and shall subjoin a method of disposing them, which I drew tip f(»r't6eB^ 
tangement of the late Dr^ Rawlinson's ptints, left to the Bodleian Librtfy.- Speoi 
and Moll have published sets of maps of the counties ; and Roque, several- lOifi 
and plans. Tbe two Bucks have engraved our principal cities and townr, aod mtqy * 

ruins of abbeys. t Williams has done a set. of views of Oxford, and Loggfn views «f 

.. , . - 

t Mr. Grose's Topo^apbical Work, with elegant Views of Remains of AfabeySi 
&e. drawn by himself, hat gceat merit. ; ' j 



OF ENGLAND. 165 



4 



: WRITING MASTERS. 

JOHN DAVIES, of Hereford ; frontisp. to one of 
Us Copy Books; 4to. , 

JoHx Davies; 4to. i?i a?z oval. W. Richardson. 

John Davies, writing-master to Prince Henry, was, during his 
lifetime, at the head of his profession. He was a correct writer 
of the Roman, secretary, court, text, and mixed hands ; and was 
much admired for his prodigious quickness in writing the running 
hand. He also wrote in so small a character, that it required a 



both onivenities. Hollar, King, Cole, Du Bosc, Vertue, and Harris, have engraved 

Buy churches, abbeys, monuments, and cenotaphs. Campbell has published views 

<rf our nsoflt considerable buildings, — in the " Vitruvius Britannicus," in three 

^umes ; to which a fourth is now added. Kip has engraved two volumes of gen- 

tiemen's seats ; not to mention many others in the histories of particular counties. 

Sooker has engraved views of Holkham, and Fourdrinier of Houghton Hall.* Se- 

"•wbI of the like kind have been published by Smith, who drew the views of the 

Peik ; and some good views have been done by Woollett. j; Sir Philip Sidney's 

^uieral procession was engraved by de Bry ; and Ogilby published the procession 

*t the coronation of Charles the Second. Many prints of this kind are in Sand- 

wrf's books. The prints of antiquities, engraved at the expense of the Society of 

inliqaaries, are numerous; as are also those of natural history. The method is as 

wUows. Class I. General maps of England, which are to be followed by maps of 

puticnlar counties. Class II. Under each county, extensive rural prospects, plans, 

>Bd views, of cities and towns. Class III. Public buildings, viz. churches, with 

dieir respective monuments and cenotaphs, burses, town-halls, market-crosses, &c. 

Class IV. Roins of abbeys, gentlemen's seats, and prospects belonging to them. 

0»u V. Antiqmtles; such as altars, inscriptions, tesselated pavements, &c. Class 

VL The natural productions of each county. To these may be added, an appendix 

0^con>natioBs, cavalcades, processions, fireworks, &c. Adams's *' Index Villaris" 

viU be of g;reat use in the arrangement. I have been very particular in this note; 

is the BDthor of the life of Hollar, in the ** Biographia," appears to be desirous that 

NMDebody wonid lay open the 'Mong concealed channel of knowledge" that is to be 

lenved Anom prints. See more on this subject, in the reign of Charles the Second, 

Mtide Etbltw.. 



* Fourdrimer and Rooker excel in engraving architecture, 
t See a detail of many prints of this kind in the " Anecdotes of British Topo- 
l«phy," lately published. 

. VOL. II. * 



1 

] 
166 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

magnifying-glass to read it. Ok. are. 1618. He was, after lib 
death, esceeded in all the brandiee of his art lij CMhing, Ini 
acholar. The art of writiDg was little cottinitBd in England, befim 
the reign of Elizabeth, who wrot^ a good hand; ao did her tutor, 
Roger Aicham. Her father, Henry VIII. wrote a wretched aciivl^ 
not unlike that which is called *' the devil's hand-wxitii^T in AiIh 
mole's Moseum. There is a good specimen of it in the first Tohnae 
of Stevens's Supplement to Dugdale's Monasticon. Dr. Bonet, 
in his letter from Rome, says, that he knew it, when he saw bii 
lore-letters to Anne Bolen in the Vatican library. It is indeed ai; 
very singular, that he could not well mistake it, if he had eferieei 
it before. Lord Burleigh was one of the few that wrote a good hni 
in the reign of Elizabeth.* 



MARTIN BILLINGSLEY. W. Hole tc. Before 
his Copy Book, 1618. 

. Martin BiLLXNasLEY,^.27,1623;J'.Cr(N2d(iirii'«. 
4^. 7%u is a copy of that by Hole. 

Billingsley was a good writing-master, but in Some respects in- 
ferior to Davies and Gething. His " Copy Book," and his " Pen^s 
Perfection," were reprinted in the reign of Charles XL ; a proof of 
their merit. See Clavel's Catalogue, folio, p. 101, 



MUSICIANS. 

JOHN BULL ; a circle. J, CaUwall ; in Hanxh 
kirn's *' Hist, of Musick'' 

* The curious reader may see what hands were written by the great, in the leiQi - 
of Henry VIII. in Dr. Jortin's two volumes of the "Life of Erasmus j" andiisi. 
what were written in a subsequent period, in Dr. Forbes's two folios, entitled, *'Ay 
full View of the Public Transactions in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth." If the, 
reader's curiosity carry him into remote ages, he may see 150 specimens on coppe^ 
plates, of the manner of writing from the third to the fifteenth century, subjoined to 
Mr. Caslcy's " Catalogue of the Manuscripts of the King's Library," &c In the 
preface are some curious and useful observations. 

In Madox's ** Formulare Anglicanum, or Collection of ancient Charters," fol. 170S, 
are specimens of the engrossing hands from William I. to Edward IV. ; as also the 
great seals. 



OF ENGLAND. . 167 

John Bull, Mus. Doct. Cantab. Instaur. Oxon, 
MDXCIL from an original 'painting in the Music 
School, Oxford, by J. W. Childe. Illman sc. In 
R. Clarke's '* Account of the National Anthem of 
God save the King;'' 8vo. 1822, p. 12. A curious 
portrait. 

John Bull, born in Somersetshire, about 1563, was educated in 
music under Biltheman, admitted to the degree of bachelor of 
anisie in the university of Oxford, and six years afterward to that 
«f doctor. On the death of Biltheman, in 1591, he received the 
fippointment of organist of the chapel ; and was nominated the first 
professor of music in Gresham College. Some of the lessons in 
*' Partheniae," Dr. Pepusch preferred to the productions of most of 
the composers of that time. Dr. Burney says, '' there is nothing in 
them which excites rapture. They may be heard, by a lover of 
xnosic, with as little emotion as the clapper of a mill, or the rum- 
llmg Qf a post-chaise. He died abroad, but the time of his death is 
tmcertain. See ^''Musical Biography," 1814. See also Mr. Richard 
Clarke's "Account of God save the king," 8vo. 1822. 

ORLANDO GIBBONS ;« drc/e. C.Grignionsc. 
Jn Hawkins's " Hist, of Musick'' 

Orlando Gibbons, one^ of the most celebrated English musicians 
t)f his time, was born at Cambridge 1583. At the age of twenty- 
cne he was appointed organist of the chapel royal, and in 1622 
Stained the degree of doctor of music in the university of Oxford. 
Be composed the music for the marriage ceremony of King Charles 
the First and Henrietta Maria of France, and went to Canterbury 
tot the purpose of attending the solemnity. He was seized with the 
imall-pox, and died there 1625. A monument, with a fine bust 
lif him, was erected in the cathedral by his widow. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



CLASS XI. 



J.ADIES. 



1 



AMD OTHEBS OF THE FEMALE SEX, ACCORDIKG 
' TO TUEIB BANC, &C. 

. PRANCES, dutcbess of Richmond and lenoi. 
0uil. Passsus sc. 1C23; three quarters;* pr^uedti 
tbme presentation copies of Smith's " Hisl, ofVirgim,". 
fyi.fol. 1624, uihich is dedicated to her. 

Tbw eeemi to hare been eDgrared after the original b; Vaa 
BtNMr, in the gallery at StrawlMiry-hill. There is another portnit 
or4«r Kt the Earl of Stamford's, at Durham, in Cheshire. 

' Frances, dutchess of Kichmond, &c. in coroBotiu 
robeg ; with a coronet on her head. R. Robinson tnA. 
et/ecit. 

Frances, dutchess of Richmond, &c, 1623. Ik- 
laram sc. Ato. 

Frances, dutchess of Richmond, &c. a state canopy 
over her head. Giiil. Passtitis sc. 1 625 ; extreme^ 
tieat. Same as the first, only the date altered. 

Fnmcee, daughter to Thomas, lord Howard, of Bindon, sod to 
Thomas, duke of Norfolk. She was first married to one Pmnndi 
a vintner's son in London, who was possessed of a good estate. 
This match seems to \iv/e been the effect of youthful passion. Upon 
the decease of Prannel.f who lived but a short time after his 

* JliTie qaartcrt, applied lo s head only, !:> a common phrase among pi 
for ■ picture on three quacters of a yard of cansHss. So they loniclinies 
picture a half lr;uglh sine, when the meaiure of the canissa, 3 feel 4, h; 
S inches, ia only meant. 

tHedied inDeeembtr, 1599, »nd is bnried in Barkway church, in Herlfoidihin. 



OF ENGLAND. 160 

tiage, she was courted by Sir George Rodney, a west-country gen- 
tleman, to whose addresses she seemed to listen ; but soon deserted 
Bim, and was married to Edward, earl of Hertford. Upon this 
marriage, Sir George wrote her a tender copy of verses in his own 
blood, and presently after ran himself upon his sword. Her third 
husband was Lodowick, duke of Richmond and Lenox, who left 
ber a very amiable widow.* The aims of great beauties, like those 
of conquerors, are boundless. Upon the death of the duke, she 
aspired to the king, but died in her state of widowhood. Her vanity 
was even greater than her beauty. She affected much state in her 
boQsehold, and was a great pretender to generosity. Wilson says, 
that she caused a sham-inventory of presents of plate to the Queen 
of Bohemia to be handed about, which she never sent. See 
Wilson's Life of James L page 258 ; and Kennet, vol. ii. p. 777, et 



CATHARINE, marchioness (and afterward 
dutchess) of Buckingham ; a feather in her hand; 
Magd. Passe sc. within a border on a separate plate ; 
very scarce. 

There is another neat and rare print of her, by De- 
laram, large octavo ; sir verses. 

There is a head of her painted on board, at Belvoir Castle, in 
Lincolnshire, t 

Catharine, marchioness of Buckingham, was the only daughter 
and heir of Francis, lord Roos, of Hamlake, afterward earl of Rut- 
land. The Earl of Clarendon, who personally knew her, speaks 
of her as a lady of great wit and spirit.^ She was, after the murder 
of the duke her husband, in the next reign, married to Randolph 
M[acdonnel, earl of Antrim. 

MARGARET, countess of Cumberland. Bocquetsc. 
In " Noble Author s,''' by Park, 1806. 

• There is a portrait of her at Longleate in her weeds, with the duke's pictore at 
ler breast. 
t Canden, and others, have, by mistake, placed this castle in Leicestershire. 
X ClarendoDrVoI. ii. p. 617 ; octavo. 



170 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Margaret, countess of Cumberiand. CtddwaU tc. 
In Mr. Pennant's " Chester," Ato. 

Margarbt, countess of Cumberland ; with her au- 
tograph. J. Thane exc. 

Margaret RusteU, yoimgett daughter of Francis, earl of Bedford, 
and wHe to George CliiK)rd, earl of Cumberland. Mr. Pennant 
obierrea, that Lady Margaret was happier m the filial aflfections (tf 
her danghter, than in the conjugal tenderness ofher husband ; who, 
taken nfi with 'militarjr glory* And the pomp of tilts and tonma- 
nents, paid little attention to domestic duties. In her diary, 
which is preserred in manuscript, we^find she suffered even to po- 
Terty,- and complains of her ill usage in. a most suppliant and pa- 
thetic manner. But her lord felt heavy compunction on his death- 
bed. She died 1616. See Pennant's <' Chester,'' and Park's '< NoUe 
Authors." 

ELISABETH, lady Cavendish, widow of Sir 
William Cavendish, and countess of Shrewsbury. 
C. Johnson p. Vertue sc. h. sh. — Her portrait is at 
Welbeck. 

Elizabeth, countess of Shrewsbury ; with auto- 
graph. J. Thane. 

This lady, who was much celebrated for her beauty and accom- 
plishments, and still more for her extraordinary fortune in the world^ 
was daughter of John Hardwick, esq. of the county of Derby. At 
the age of fourteen, she was married to Robert Barley, esq. who^ 
in about two years, left her a very rich widow. Her next husband 
was Sir William Cavendish, ancestor of the Dukes of Devonshire ; 
and Newcastle. Her third was William St. Lowe, captain of the I 
guard to Queen Elizabeth ; and her fourth, George Talbot, earl of] 
Shrewsbury. She built Chatsworth, Hard wick, and 01dcote8,i 
three magnificent seats in Derbyshire. Mary, queen of Scots, was 
long under her care at Chatsworth. She took it into her head to 
be jealous of that unfortunate princess ; an unlucky circumstance 
for the royal captive. Ob. 13 Feb. 1607. She was commonly callel 
by the name of Bess of Hardwick. 



OF ENGLAND. 171 

e Countess oiF HERTFORD. F. Delaram sc. 
rix English verses. 

Vertue, combined with beauties comlie feature, 

Is of so rare and admirable worthe ; 
That, though it be but in a mortal creature, 

It setts the glorie of the maker forthe. 
Thie shadow, then, this artist here hath shewne ; 

Thie substance to the world can ne're be known/' 

» 

3 is, probably, the countess who was afterward married to the 
of Lenox ; sed queere ? It may be seen by comparing the 
. There is an account of her at the beginning of this Class* 
may be the portrait of the Lady Catharine Grey, mother of 
nn, marquis of Hertford.* 

UCIA HARIN (Harrington), com. Bedfordiae. 
^asscRus sc. 

uciA: Haein, com. Bedfordiae. Richardson. 

iJCY Harrington, countess of Bedford. S. Free- 
sc, 1818; from the original of Gerard Honthorsty 
e collection of his Grace the Duke of Bedford. 

r portrait, by Gerard Honthorst, is at "Wobum. 
;y, sister and coheir ^of John, the second lord Harrington, 
ife of Edward, earl of Bedford ; a woman of uncommon taste 
)irit ; but vain, generous, and bountiful to excess. She was 
t patroness of poets, particularly of Donne, Jonson, Drayton, 
aniel, who frequently experienced her munificence. Drayton 
icular says, that " she rained upon him her sweet showers of 
't for which they, in return, were as lavish of their incense.! 
pon a moderate calculation, paid them as much for their pa- 

>re is a portrait of this lady at Warwick Castle ; with the marquis, when a 
. her arms. " It is certainly Frances, afterward dutchess of Lenox.** — 

y. 

I sonnet inscribed to Lucy, countess of Bedford. 

their poems and dedications. Ben Jonson's seventy-sixth epigram is in 
' her ; and his eighty-fourth and ninety-fourth, are addressed to her. It is 
, that Owen also found his account in remembering her. 



172 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



nsgyric M Oetarift did IHigU fiir hit en^mmioa^ She 

qpent a great port of the earl her husband's fertmiey imd her own 
ahyng with it Sir Thomas Roe has addressed, a letter to her, ss 

one sldUed in aiicieat nadals ; sod she if c^^mM |)f ^ 
Temple, ibr progectingy^themostpeffeclfigimof aj^ud^ 

efersaw.*^ Shedied withoirtissuethe3dof May, ]L627« 

FBANCES, countess of Somerset. S. Pa. (Pom- 
St/Mi ic, 4to. Hair very rounds and curled Uhe a wig. 
4 Citjpy of the same. — See R. Car, eadcS Somerset^ 
.C%is 11* Her portrait is at Bulstrode ; and another 

Hie Gallery at Windsor. 



Faances Howard, countess of Somerset; in a 
h0 imd feather ; 4to. 

' Frances Howard, &c. in theprint with her husband. 

Frances Howard, &c. in an oval. W. JRichardstm. 

Frances Howard, &c. in a circle. J. Oliver pinx. 
S. Harding, 1802. 

Frances Howard, &c. Thane. 

There is a curious satirical print y with the Countess 
standings holding a feather fan; with a Dr. Panurgus, 
probably Dr. Formany M. D. (roeshout) ; rare. 

Frances Howard, &c. in a square 4to. James 
Stow sc. From the original at Woburn. 

Frances, eldest daughter of Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolki 
and wife of Robert Devereux, earl of Essex, was one of the com- 
pletest beauties of her time. Wilson, who detested her character^ 
could not help doing justice to her person ; by owning that " she 

* See his ** Essay on the Gardens of Epicoius." This gaiden waa al Mooie 
Parky in Hertfordshire, near Rickmaosworth. 



^J^ Mt^jinl/Eaicf erf tficulaccy Uranca 



I P*^ 



M^kAAioc iyWRukaiikm. Y.rli H™« NW S«»l. 



OF ENGLAND. 173 

■d a Bveei and bewitcHin^ countenance." Nature had not been 
> fkrourabie to the Earl of Eases : his features were harsh, and hu 
OtaAer- ungmcious. PrepoBiesBed with a violent paasion for. the 
(iMxnint Rochester, she conceived an invincible dislike to her hus-- 
IKsdi'aiid was said to'have' given him drugs;* the operation of 
^adi vna quite the reverse of tliat of philtres. In short, she sued' 
a,- and obtnned, a divorce. King James deeply interested huu- 
■If in the tnal, and adopted upon this occaaion the lidicolons dis.< 
finction of the .-earl's being " impatens versus hanc ;" upon', which it 
«U obiW^^'that " his case was exactly parallel to that of a man 
wboaMliiMiafih could digest every thing but B^hot mutton." Ob. 
163^^.39. 

r- ' 

MARV DARCY, countess Rivers ; from the ori- 
Uirto/ ut llengravc. R. Cooper sc. Ato. In Gage's 
V Sliitor^ and Antiquities of Heiigrave, in Suffolk." 

r I^ lady, who was the second daughter, and at length sole 
|}'9^ pf Sir Thomas KyUon, of Hengrave, in Sufiblkt married, in 
lifiSSj'^omas, lordDarcy, of Chich, viscount Colchester, and. eail . 
InifGts: of the marriage, which did Dot prove happy, there was issue, 
voDfi am and four daughters. Groundless suspicions, aad peevish 
M^lttiyiJn the earl, led to differences, which no interference of 
mieiuCi. could vei^oncile; and in 1594 the parties separated by 
gbutnE^ consent, never again to come together, though both lived 
fin ueaity'half a century after this unfortunate event. Whatever 
\^ the earl's faults, the proud spirit of the countess did not 
Mcape the lieen reproaches of Sir Thomas Corowallis, who, in a 
letter to Lady Kytson, on the 6th of September, just after the sepa- 
.tation, laments Lady Barcy's obstiuacy, in remaining in the neigh- 
Morhood of St. Osyth, contrary to the wishes of her parents : he 
-nils hei, " your stubborn and ungreeting daughter." Her portrait. 
Minted in 1617, affords a strong presumption of the correctness of 
Aecharacter g^ven her. With an air of haughty independence, the 
c(nntess,her right arm a-kimbo, holds In her left hand a paper, per- 
lups the deed of separation, on which are written the words, " Yf 
Mt I care not." The attitude, the manner, and the language ex- 

* Tbege ihe had of Dr. Fomun, Ka iitrologer. 
I™!:." Tli'a I m>de the devil write with liis own li 
io. S«e Ullj'i Life. 



I74i BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

pressed, conpW with the blazoning of the lady's armorial-beaiiB|» 
fdwvehcr head, without the impalement of Darcy, all point to thi 
scparalino of her lord tad herself; and indicate, to the fullest «• 
tent, the pride of her own feelings, as well as perfect indifference, 
whether the earl and her»elf were ever again to be united. Thm 
it also a miniature of Lady Rivers, painted when she was at a wj 
advanced age, having on a brass plate which encloses il, an in- 
scription borrowed from the book of Job, shewing that age had not 
Bonened her resentment for real or imputed injuries : " Insurrexe- 
runt in me testes iniqui, et mentitu est iniquitas sibi." 
■ The earl died in London ou the aist of Febniary, 1639, leHin^ 
the countess, at kngth. mistress of her paternal estate, Durios 
her ownership, Hengrave was plundered by the parliamenlarisMi 
of all the arms and ammunition found there. The remains of Udj 
Rivers, who died in 1644, were deposited in a vault in TrioilJ 
churchyard, Colchester. Morant notices that a pyramid placed 
over her grxve bad been demolished. 

PRANCES, countess of Kssex i from an original 
picture in the collection at Sirmvberry-hiU. H. R. Cook 
sc, ilo. 

The personal and mental attractions of this distinguished My, 
who was the only daughter and heiress of that eminent BtatesmMi 
Bir Francis Walsingham, were the means of her engaging in lUC- 
cession the love of three of the most illustrious persons of heragsi 
viz. Sir Philip Sydney ; Robert Devereux, earl of Easel ; Mo 
Richard Burgh, earl of Clanrikard. Sir Philip, who was bom id 
the year 1554, was mortally wounded at the bottle of ZutpKen, in 
1586 ; and dying within a month, left his sorrowing relict with an 
only daughter, named Eliiabetb, who was afterward married w 
.■Roger, earl of Rutland. 

Speaking of the second match of this lady, Camden says, thatthe 
Earl of Esses, the great favourite of Elizabeth, married her "^th- 
.out acquainting the queen therewith, who was tlierefore offended 
"at it i as if by this affiuity be had disparaged the dignity of the 
^ouse of Essex." The grand cause of the queen's anger, however, 
- was undoitbUdly her jealousy, as she wished to have no competitet 
>in^K sffectionti of the earl, and eves when she had sent him tq the 
icB&ld, cherished his memory with so much teAderness that bee 



9 accelerated her own dead). Th^ ^arl was behft^d in 
ary, 1601 ; and shortly afterward, C^li^betb, apparently ^om- 
8iting the distress of the coUntess and her orphan family,^ 
sd to her the fee of the extensive district called Sovthfrith^ in 
iwy of Tunbridge» in Kent. By the eait she had onA ion, 
rt, afterward the famous parliamentary general, and two 
it^rs^ Frances and I>prpthy ; who were restored Hi blQod«and 
ir by James I, > 

e Earl of Clanrickard, the countess's third husband, is dr- 
d as *' a very handsome gallant young nobleman ; and so very 
he Earl of Essex, that the queen is said 4o haVe siade same 
laes to him, though jthen far ^ux^q^A in year9« which be j^e-^ 
1." This nobleman, having in right of his wife become pos- 
r of Southfrith, erected there the (now venerable) A^n^bn 
I Somerhill, where he died in November, 1636 ; leaving one 
(/lick, m^io was erfafe4 H^ar^is pf Clanrickaird 1iy4Dh«ffl^8 I. 
Lford, in 1<64$; aod a daughter named Houorai wJhofi^am^^ 
Pawlet^ jnarquis of Wincjiester, 



[ARY HERBERT, countess of Pembroke ;/r<wp 
original miniature in the collection at Strawberry- 
J. Tuck sc. Qvo. 

r 

iry Talbot, wife of William Herbert, earl of Pembroke, was 4he 
t of the three daughters of Gilbert, earl of Shrewsbury, by Mary 
Duntess, daughter of Sir William Cavendish of Cbatswprth, 
aarriage, which appears to have excited considerable interest 
3 court of James I. having been the subject of long negotia- 
was solemnized with great pomp at Sheffield, in November^ 
Upon the death of the earl her father, without male issue, in 
, this lady and her sisters, Elizabeth^ wife of ,Henry^ earl of 
, and Aletheia, married to Thomas, earl of Arundel^ inherited 
ceatest part of the ample possessions of the family of Talbot ; 
I, however, by the decease pf the Countesses of Pembroke 
ECent yrithout issue, ultimately devolved to the heirs of the 
tess of Arundel, now represented by his Grace the J)uke ^ 
)1L ' 

:e Lodgcji ^Mnus^aUtMis of BfjtUli J^'wlpry/' vol. iil. p; 3^f 220. 224, &c. 



176 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

LADY ANNE CLIFFORD, ^Ef. 13, 1603. 22; White 
sc. h. sh. very scarce. 

Lady Anne Cliffoud ; in an oval. W. Bichardfon.. i 

■ ". -i 

■ ■- -3 

Anne Clifford, countess of Pembroke, JSf. 81 r' 1 
4 to. Mazel ; in PemmnCs ** Scotland*' 

Anne, countess of Dorset and Pem)>roke ; Jn 
" Noble Authors,'^ by Park; after theoriginalatKnowle. \ 

Another 9 by Harding. 

' Anne Clifford, countess of Dorset; Pembroke, 
aiid Montgomery. E. Scriven sc. ' From the wiginal of 
Mytens^ in the possession of his Grace the Duke of 
Dorset f in Mr. Lodges " Portraits of Illustrious 
Persons.'' 

There is a whole length picture of her at Appleby Castle, in Cum- 
berland; in which is a small portrait of Daniel, her tutor. Mr. 
Walpole has another painting of her. 

Lady Anne Clifford was daughter and heiress of George Clifford, 
earl of Cumberland, the famous adventurer, whose spirit she in- 
herited. She was first married to Richard Sackville, earl of Dorset, 
a man of merit, whose memory was ever dear to her, and whose life 
she has written. Her second husband was Philip, earl of Pem- 
broke, a man in every respect unworthy of her, from whom she was 
soon parted. She was long regarded as a queen in the North ; and 
her foundations and benefactions seem to argue a revenue little less 
than royal. She founded two hospitals, and repaired, or built, -seven 
churches, and six castles ; that of Pendragon* still retains a magni- 
ficence suitable to the dignity of its ancient inhabitant. Her 
spirited letter to Sir Joseph Williamson, in the " Royal and 
Noble Author6,"t contains but three lines ; but they are master- 

f 

• In Westmoreland. 

t It is also printed in '* The World," vol. i. No. 14. 




j>//^/ 



{^rorr/r Orf<'^ c/ t.>//m/t-r//7^(/ . ,-/av / 



KilJ;.WlM-^V'R,rU-l5«u C.«*L Strt 



^ OF ENGLAND. 177 

%rokes, and strongly expressive of her character. Ob. 22 March, 

y ^ LADY LUCY PERCY; /r(Wi a miniature by Isaac 
^"Oliver y at Strawberry-hilL A. Birrell sc. 4to. 

r This lady was second daughter of Thomas Percy, the seventh 
i eail of Northumberland ; the unfortunate nobleman who was en- 
^gaged in the northern insurrection, and being attainted of high- 
IjbeasoD, was beheaded, August 22, 1572. Her mother was Lady 
[ jbaej third daughter of Henry Somerset, third earl of Worcester. 
■ lady Lucy Percy having had an only brother who died young in 
1560, became a coheir to her father, so far as the operation of the 
; attainder would permit. 

She was married to Sir Edward Stanley, knight of the Bath, of 
Tonge Castle, in Shropshire, and of Einsham, in Oxfordshire ; who 
,va8 son and heir of Sir Thomas Stanley, of Winwick, in Lanca- 
ihire, knight, who died 18th Dec. 1576, and was the second son 
'of Edward Stanley, third earl of Derby. Sir Edward Stanley, 

■ 

* * So ffttX an original as Anne Clifford well deserves to be minutely traced. 

Bdiop Rainbow, in his sermon at her funeral, is very circumstantial as to her clia- 

ncter; among the peculiarities of which he says, that she was " of a humour pleas- 

jhg to all, yet like to none ; her dress not disliked by any, yet imitated by none." 

Bcr riches and her charities were almost boundless. This was chiefly owing to her 

pndence and eoooomy. She was a mistress, as the same author expresses it, of 

fineut mnd mfUremstg and was strictly regular in all ■ her accounts. Dr. Donne, 

ipcsking c^ her extensive knowledge, which comprehended whatever was fit to 

ci^rfoy a l8dj*s leisure, said. " that she knew well how to discourse of all tilings, 

/fm piedestinatioa to alea-rilk.t Constancy was so well known a virtue to her, 

Hlit it ari^ vin&afe Ae whole sex from the contrary imputation."^ Though she 

iwimrnd with bcr twelve alau^wDmen as her sisters, and her servants as her humble 

^^iieadi^ sbe hmew,npam fm^er occasions, how to maintain her dignity, which she 

: Itptap in the cooits of Elizabeth, James I. and his son Charles, and was well qua- 

1^ Hed to grace tbe dnwing-rDoai of Charles II. She was strongly solicited to go to 

*WhilehaIly afkcr tke restontioB, but she declined it; saying, ** that if she went 

^Attcr, die mrngt have a pair of bfinkers," such as obstruct the sight of nntractablc 

ilMies, lest she ahoald aee audi thiags as would offend her in that licentious court. 

.She erected a ■■■■■eBt ia die highway, where her mother and she took their last 

fiueadl, OB whidh spatt a tarn of mauej was annually given to the poor. Sbe lived 

III Iff hi I ^11 il gpiMl I liihlii H by both her daughters, Margaret, countess of Thanet, 

nd Isdidla, inMili ■ of yortbampton. See Seward*s " Anecdotes,'' 4th edit. 



f UntvirtBd sisk, ^aed in embroider v. \ \\\\uWw. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

ly Locj'f hiuboad, died 18th June, 1032, Xi, 69, umI «u 
ied at Einiham ; leaTing, by ber, tltree sHrrirn^ daogbten^ 
coheira, of wbom Lad; Venelia married Sir Keneim Di^y. 
l^j Lacy Stanley was buried at Walthamftoir, in Easei, wiib , 
IT of ber daughters. Ttie exact tiiae of ber death is not knimj I 
- there are grounds for believing that she died to the early ptft , 
! reigv of James tbe Pint. . 



cellentisa. Princ. ALK lA SPENCER, comitU. 
iierbie, iDauIas-Man miDa; in an oval, mtk 
, crests, and geneai r ; rare. 

Alice Speocer, daughter to Sir John Spencer, of Aldiorpe, ia the 
inty of NorthamptoD, knt. ancestor to the Duke of Marlborougti, 
:st married to Ferdinand, earl of Derby, who died of poiion 
-..^A-i : she married for her secoud husband, the Lord-keeper 
rtoo, afterward viscount Brackley; by whom Rbe was lefts 
ow. She was the patroness of her relation Spenser, the poet! 
ami died 1636. She was buried at Harsfietd, in the county of Mid- 
dlesex, where a handsome monument is erected to her memory. 

ELIZABETH.lady Russel. Rivers direr. In "Mble 
Authors" iii Park ; 1806. 

'Elizabeth Cooke was the third daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, 
of Gidea Hall, in Essex, and sister of tbe Ladies Burleigh anit 
Bfccon. She first married Sir Thomas Hobby, ambassador from 
Queen Elizabeth to Paris, wliere he died in 1566 ; and secmidlj, 
to John, lord Russel, son of Francis, ibc second earl of Bedforj, 
vhom she survived. She built a chapel at Bisham, in Berkshire; 
elected a costly monument to the memory of Sir Thomas HiAbj 
ind others; and wrote Greek, Latin, and English epitaphs for ihem 
m verse. She also translated out of French into English, " A Re- 
conciliation of a good and learned Man, touching the true Nature 
Wd Substance of the Body and Blood of Christ in the Sacraraeut-" . 
She died 15S4,* and was buried at Bisham. 



OF ENGLAND. 179 

* ANNAi lady Bacon ; from an original picture in 
the coliection of Viscount Grifnstone, at Gorhambury^ 
R* Cooke sc. Ato. 



. tUs accomplished woman was bom in the year 1528 ; she was 
second daughter to Sir Anthony Cooke, and sister to the equally 
learned Lady Burleigh, with whom she had been carefully educated. 
Her talents and erudition, associated as they were with irreproach- 
IMe ibannem^ led to her appointment of governess to Edward VI. 
At an early ilga she displayed her capacity and application by trans- 
k^g from the Italian of Benardine Ochine, twenty-five sermons 
M th^ abstruse doctrines of predestination and election ; which 
performance was published about 1650. Camden, in his history 
If Queen ElisabeA, speaking of her father*s decease, says he was 
^a mau happy iu Ms daughters, whom haying brought up in leam^ 
i^|5 iN&th Of eek and Latin, above their sex, he married to men of 

jML a^tmint*' This lady was wife to Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord- 
MCper of the great seid, who in the same work is described as 
* exeeedkig gross-4K>died, isharp-witted, of singular wisdom, rare 
%i0^eii6e^ excellent memory, and a pillar, as it were, of the privy 
'feoundL'* Their issue was two sons, Anthony and Francis, who, 
ttrough the judicious attention of their erudite mother, were led 
4itb those paths of nature and science which subsequently rendered 
"•em the ornaments of their age and country, 
' Lady Bacon survived her husband many years ; and died at an 
^vanced age, at Gorhambury, in Hertfordshire, about the begin- 
iun§; of the reign of James L She was buried in St. Michaers 
*Attreh, St» Alban*S| but has neither monument nor inscription to 
record her memory. This is the more remarkable, because Francis, 
kr son, the celebrated Lord Verulam, who lies near her, is comme- 
iM>rated by a very fine statue, with an inscription beneath ; his 

> lordship is represented seated in a contemplative posture, in an arm- 
dair, placed in a niche. Some others of the family were also buried 
iathe same edifice. 



; " CATHARINE, daughter of Sir John Goodwin, 

•of Winchendon, in com. Bucks, knt. wife of Sir 

Philip Parker, knt. brother of Sir Henry, and half 

brother to Lord Morley." /. Faherf. %vo. One of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL HlSlOItV 

'*'* 'ovedfor the " Historif of the House of I't'crj). 
' Philip Parker, in the eighth Class. 

" LADY MARY VERE,'* in the dress of this ragn, 
I Hove sc. sTnall. In Clarke's " Lives;" folio, 

Lady Maht Vere. Tluine. 
Lady Vere descendeii, by ' fathet's side, from the ancieil 
lily oftheTracys.of Todin^,. in Gloucesterahire ; and,byll* 
;her, from tbe principal bran >f ihc Tlirogiuortons. 

t nineteen years of age, to Mr, WiUiam Huby, by wboO' 



Biib had two sons, who died young. She espoused, to her seconl [ 
tuaband, Sir Horace Vere, afterward baron of Tilbury, whom ebe 
.OBg' sarvived. He had issue by her live daughters, who ruarried 
into the famities of Holies. Townshend, St. John, Fairfax, aol ' 
Wolatenbolnie. Upon the death of the Countess of Dorset, ll« " 
parliament committed to her care the Duke of York, the DuietJ 
GioQcester, and the Princess Elizabeth ; a charge of which she 
by no means ambitious. She was a woman of exemplary coodiH* ' 
as a wife and a mother, and seems to have been as eminent for bi 
piety as her husband was for !iis valour. Archbishop Usher, in 
lettcrt addressed to be r, speaks of it in a very elevated strain: " 
I have any insight," snys that prelate, " in things of this nature,! 
have any judgment to discern of spirits, I have clearly behelda 
graven in your soul the image and superscription of my God."- Ski t 
died tbe 25lh of December, 1671, in the 9IstI year of her a 
The following c|Liibbling epitaph, which is characteristic, wi 
ten on Ler by Dr. Simon Ford: 






Vera Dei eulUii fuera., Gt fn-n mariti ; 
Qasque nileiit dderant umnlii Vmi tibi. 
Accideril tandem qaod mors tibj, Vera, dolendum : 
Eicepta boc, ile te singula Vera juvuil. 

• To he propcrij lo called, ibe inu»yiaTe been tbe daugbter of a duke.mni 
or earl. But, as ibe Has the wrfe of a'lniglt, ibe iuicription should hint 
Dame Miry Veie, or Lady (Maiy) Vere. Her huibard was crmled baton tt 
- burjr,lCar. I. 

t.^i> letter, which was writien in 16iB, Is subjoined tu her Funeral Seimoi. . 

VAaik«;p. 151. 



OF ENGLAND. ISl 

LADY PERIAM ; in the « Oxford Almanack;' 11 A2. 

fllizabethy daughter of Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord-keeper of the 

ireaC seal, and sister to the noble and learned Francis, lord viscount 

Verulam, iGbrst married Sir Robert D'Oyley, of Chalehampton, in 

Oxfordshire, who lost his life at the black-assize at Oxford, in 

1557 ;• secondly, to Sir Henry Nevil, knt. ; and thirdly, to Sir 

William Periam, of Devonshire, lord chief-baron of the Exchequer, 

irfiom she survived many years. She was a woman of learning and 

piety, and was a great benefactress to Baliol College, Oxford, in 

1620. The time of her death is uncertain. 

The Countess of SUFFOLK. /. Caldwall sc. In 
fmnanfs ** Journey from Chester to London.^' 

Tliis lady who, like Lord Verulam, fell under the charge of cor- 
raption, was daughter of Sir Henry Knevit, and wife to the lord- 
treasurer ; she had unhappily a great ascendancy over her husband, 
and was extremely rapacious. She made use of his exalted situa- 
tion to indulge her avarice, and took bribes from all quarters. Sir 
Phmcis Bacon, in his speech in the Star-chamber against her hus- 
band, wittily compares her to an. Exchange woman, who kept her 
shop, while Sir John Bingley, a teller of the Exchequer, and a tool 
of hers, cried What d^ye lack?f Her beauty was remarkable, but 
the made a bad use of her charms. " Lady Suffolk," says the 
famous Anne Cliflford, in her diary, under the year 1619, '* had the 
smallpox at Northampton-house, which spoiled that good face of 
hers, which had brought to others much misery, and to herself 
greatness, which ended in much unhappiness." 

MARY, wife of Thomas Habingdon, daughter of Lord 



* When the judges sat at the assizes in Oxford, one Rowland Jenkes, a book- 
seller, was questioned for speaking opprobrious words against the queen. — Suddenly/ 
^ were surprised with a pestilent savour ; whether arising from the noisome smell 
of the prisoners, or from the damp of the ground, is uncertain; but almost all that 
vere there present, except women and children, died within fortjr hours ; and the 
contagion went no farther. There died Robert Bell, lord chief-baron, Robert 
^Oylie, Sir William Babington D*Oyle, sheriff of Oxfordshire; Harcourt, Wcy- 
^^i Phetiplace, Basham, the famous lawyer, almost ail the jurors, and three hun- 
dred other men. — Baker's CnRONiCLs. 

t Wilson's " Life of James I." p. 97. 
VOL. II. 2 B 



I 



182 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Morley, and sister to Lord Monteagle ; to whom she 
is supposed to have wrote the letter which discovered 
the gunpowder treason-plot ; in the same print with 
ker husband, in N^tish's " History of Worcestershire;" 



Tradition, in Worcestershire, says, this lady was the penon who 
wrote the letter to her brother. Lord Monteagle, which discovered 
the gunpowder.plot. Percy, whose picture is at Henlip, was very 
intimate both with Habingdon and Lord Monteagle, and is sup- 
posed by Guthrie to have written the letter; but the style of it seemi 
to be that of one who had only heard some dark hints of the busi- 
ness, which perhaps was the case of Mrs. Habingdon, and not of 
one who was a principal mover in the whole, as was Percy a despe- 
rado, who thought himself personally oficnded, and who was fit for 
the most horrid designs. 

The HabingdoDS were a family of great estimation. A particular 
of the death and honourable interment at Henlip of Mrs. Habing- 
don, wife of John Habingdon, esq. is said to be in the hcreld's 
ofRce, but on inquiry could not be found. She was gentlewomsJiof 
the privy-chamber to Queen Elizabeth, anno 1557, and a great 
favourite, wherefore she was buried at the queen's expense. 

DOROTHEA WADHAM, Nicolai conjux, coU. 
Wadham'. fundat^ A°. D'. 1609. Faber f. large 4to 



DoROTiLY Wadham; in the " O.vford Almamckl 
1738. 

Dorothy, daughter of the famous Sir William Petre, who was 
secretai^ and privy-counsellor to four king and queens; viz. 
Henry VIII. Edward VL Mary, and Elizabeth. He was also teat 
abroad seven times as an ambassador. See Nicholas WadsaUi 
in the Class of Gentlemen. 

CHRISTIAN POPPING; thus inscribed at 
bottom : " In gratiam et causam honoris prudentis- 
simas, ' honestissimEe, et artificiocissimse virginis, 



k 



OF ENgIaND. 183 

Ahristinae Popping; ad vivum delineatum, etargento 
ttsculptum, a Simone Passaeo^ eamque *!). D. 1616." 
Sound the oval, 

*' Ingenium forma multo est pretiosius auro.*' — Ovid. 

Above the aval, '* Honneur passe richesse;'' 9>vo. 
wry neat; f rare. 

ANNE BILL ; a monumental effigy. On the monu- 
went is this inscription : •' ^teraae memor. et quiet. 
An. Billae uxori lectiss. &dilectiss. Jo. Bill. Conjux 
msBrentiss- P.P. TrIcesIMo tertio ^tatls DeVIXIt." 
On the top are musical instruments, significant of one of 
kr accomplishments : above in the clouds, '* Anna migra- 
vit, musica musaque pereunt'' The chronogram inti- 
Vffltes that she died^ 1621. Simon Passaus sc. rare. 
There is a very good copy. 

The print is prefixed to '' Peplum Modestiee/' consisting of seve* 
ral encomitmu on her in Latin and English verse, and subjoined to a 
discourse entitled, " A Mirror of Modestie," &c. by M. D. (Martin 
Day), doctor in divinity, 1621, 8vo. This discourse is on 1 Pet. 
chs^. iiL ven 3, and 4, '^ Whose adorning, let it not be that outward 
adorning, of fdaiting the hairy*' &c. ; on which the author is particu- 
larly difiuse.t 



* Sic Orig.- t This is, perhaps, a foreign print: qusere ? 

t It appears that he was no Puritan by the following passages : ** How reverend 

11 the long haire in old men, how honourable in the priests, how terrible in the 

•ooldieni, how cornel J in yonng men, how sweet in children, how goodly and featuous 

b women?" He in the same discourse censures the ladies for their excessive care 

la idoming their hair, beyond the example of former ages ; these are his words : 

" Yet are we the worst, making the ancients mere novices to our complete ladies, 

which know, to an haire, all the theory of perfuming, powdering, dying, platting, 

knotting, frizling» cnrling, dangling : yea and sometimes also, beyond all commission, 

doping and circumcising that flexible excrement, which, as waxe, they work to 

eveiy fashion or purpose their monstrous chimaera list to devise." He gives us to 

understand, that Anne Bill spent much more time in adorning her head, and mending 

her heart, than in adjusting and .dressing her hair. 



186 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Of Wardend, in the countie of Warwicke, esquier. 

Who lived with y* said Marie in one house full 62 yeares; V.-i 

and in all that time never buried man, woman, ifor rh?fja 

though they were sometimef 20 in household. ':':J| 

He had issue by y' said Marie 5 sonns & 7. daughters; .^ 

viz. Robert, Nicholas^ Thomas, John, and William; l^l 

& 7 daughters, Ursula, Agnes, Marie, Elissabeth, <j3 

Ellin, Christian, and Alice. 

The said John was maior of this towne in anno 1559; . 

and againe in anno 1572. 
The said Marie departed this life y" 8 of December, 1611, 
beinge of the age of 97 yeares. ' '' 

Shee did see before jker departure. 
Of her children, and children's children, and their children^ 

to the number of 142,* 

'' MATOAKS,' or (Matoaka) alias Hefccka, 
daughter to the mighty Prince Powhatan, emperor 
of Attanoughkamouck, alias Virginiaf, conv( 
and baptized in the Christian faith, and wife of 
worshipful Mr. Joh. RolfF;" iF^ 21, 1616- S. Pi 
sc. small 4to. 

Motoaka, who, in Captain Smith's curious *' History of Vi! 
is called Pocahontas, may be considered as a national bene! 
as we are indebted to her for the preservation of Virginia, 
the state of an infant colony. In 1607, when she was abont 
or thirteen years of age, she not only procured the liberty^ 
saved the life, of Captain Smith, whom, together with his' 
father intended to murder by surprise. In 1612, she was 
prisoner ; and soon after married Mr. Rolfe, whom Smith 
gentleman. In 1616, after she had been instructed in our 



* Nichols's Leicestershire, vol. ii. part ii. p. 616. 

t In Asbmole's Museum is a very singular coat, taken from the back of bii tf^'^ 
majesty by the English. It is composed of two deer-skins, and enriched, !»*[*■ 
than adorned, with figures of men and beasts, composed of small cowree shells* ^"^ 
were the money of his country. 



OF ENGLAND. 187 

ndthe Christian religion, sbe was brought to England, and iutro- 
luced and graciously received at court. The next year, upon her 
etum home, she died on ship-board, at Gravesend, strongly im- 
nessed with religious sentiments. The good sense, humanity, and 
jenerosity of this woman, do her Iv^nour ; as they carried her far 
ibore the prejudices of her education, and the barbarous customs of 
ler country; She was the first Virginian who was converted to 
Suistianity, that could speak our national language, or had a child 
y an Englishman. 

MARY HONEYWOOD, aged' 93 ; who had 367 
l^cendants livmg the year preceding her death ; in 
fte" Wonderful Museufn ;" 1803. 

Haxy Waters was bom at Lanham, in the county of Kent, about 
533^ and ivas united in marriage early in life to Robert Honey. 
tiiiod, esq. of Charing in the same county, her only husband. " She 
ad- at her decease, lawfully descended from her, 367 children ; 
6 of her own body, 114 grand-children, 228 in the third gene- 
itioD, and nine in the fourth. She led a most^ pious life ; and in 
Christian manner, died here at Mark's-hall, in the 93d year of her 
5e, and the 44th of her widowhood,the 19th of May, A. D. 1620; 
om whence her corpse was conveyed into Kent, and buried at 
-ojton, the place of her birth, according to her desire. 



A SCOTCH LADY. 

ARABELLA STUART. The print, which is very 
^re^ is thus inscribed: " The picture of the most noble 
trf learned lady Arabella Steuart'' Sold by George 
tumble. J. W, sc. small 4to. 

Arabella Steuart, &c. \V. Richardson. 

Lady Arabella Stuart; prefi.ved to Lodges 
lllusty^ation of English History J' 1791 ; Ato. J. Ba- 

'e sc. 



188 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Her portrait is at Welbeck. Mr. Walpole has a good copy of 
it in water-colours. 

Arabella, daughter of Charles Stuart, earl of Lenox, and bro- 
ther of Henry, lord Damley, was too nearly allied to the crown 
not to give umbrage to the king ; and too remotely to foond any 
claiih, or receive any advantage, from that alliance. Thougli of 
an artless and unambitious character herself, it was suspected tkt 
she might be the tool of others* ambition, which was the occasion 
of her confinement in the Tower, and the various miseries which 
she suffered. Her misfortunes, especially her separation from ^ 
her husband,* whom she tenderly loved, turned her brain,t and, ^ 
soon after, put an early period to her life, on the 27th of Septem-" 
ber, 1615. It was suspected, that Sir Walter Raleigh's plot, as it 
was commonly called, was contrived with a view of supplanting , 
King James, and raising her to the throne. As she died within | 
two ye'ars of Sir Thomas Overbury, a report was propagated, that^ 
her death was the effect of poison. This occasioned an examination j 
of her body by several able physicians, who were unanimoasly of] 
opinion, that she died of a chronical distemper. 

Countess of MAR. Harding exc. 8vo. 

Mary Stuart, countess of Mar, was the daughter of Esme, duke 
of Lenox. John Erskine, seventh earl of Mar, being enamoured 
of her charms, and rejected by her pride, is said to have sickened 
of vexation. James I. learning the situation of the companion of- 
his boyish years, exclaimed *' Be my saul Mar shanna dee foreer 
a lass in the land!" The king's application overcame all obstacles:] 
and she proved a fruitful mother, and excellent wife. 

CATHERINE FITZ-GERALD, (the long lived) 
countess of Desmond ; fi^orn an original family fk 



• Mr. William Seymour, son of the Lord Beauchamp. 

t I know of no authority for her losing her senses. There are some of her lates 
letters in the Museum ; they do not prove that she had parts, but betray no appes 
ance of madness. I believe she was imprisoned for marrying without the king 
knowledge. Her husband was afterward the Marquis of Hertford, often mentiow 
by Lord Clarendon. Another of the family also married a princess of the bloo 
Lady Catharine Gray, sister of Jane Gray. — Loud Orford. 



OF EN^GLANIX 189 

ture of the same size, painted on boards in the possession 
of the Right Honourable Maurice Fitz-Gerald, knight 
of Kerry, 8gc. S^c. 8gc. — This illustrious lady was born 
about the year 1464 ; was married in the reign of Ed- 
ymA IV. ; lived during the entire reigns of Edward V. 
ftichard III. Henry VII. Henry VIII. Edward VI. 
Mary, and Elizabeth, and died at the latter end of 
James I/s or beginning of Charles's reign, at the 
great age (as is generally supposed) of 162 years, 
Engraved in Cork, by N. Grogan; the only genuine 
likeness of this lady e^vtant. 

CATHERINE, countess of Desmond; engraved 
for the quurto edition of Pennants " Tour in Scotland'* 

This picture, according to the inscription on the back, represents 
Rembrandt's mother ; but Mr. Pennant tells me, that he is per- 
suaded the inscription is erroneous ; as he has seen several por- 
traits similar to that which he caused to be engraved ; all of which 
Were called the Countess of Desmond. — W. Richardson. 

I do not think it an original, supposing it to represent the Coun- 
tess of Desmond. It is Rembrandt's mother, and is so written on 
the back of the picture, and is so called in King Charles's catalogue. 
•^LoRD Orford. 

There was, and probably is still, a portrait of her in the standard- 
iloset, at Windsor. This I learn from an authentic transcript 
)f a catalogue of the pictures there, in the hand- writing of Dr. Wil- 
iam Derham, the elder. 

TTiis celebrated lady, who lived at Inchiquin, in Munster, was 
rell known to Sir Walter Raleigh. She was married in the reign 
f Edward IV. when she danced with Richard, duke of Glouces- 
»r.* She held her jointure from all the earls of Desmond since 
lat time,t and was as remarkable for her sprightliness as her age. 



• Walpole's " Historic Doubts/' p. 102. 
t Raleigh's "Hist." book I. chap. v. sect. 5. 

vol.. ir. 2 c 



190 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

It is probable, that her dancing days were not orer whcD a oil- 
tnrjr of her life had elapsed ; certain it is, that, aAer she had ifdod 
the shock of a hundred and forty years, she went from BiiMoltD 
London, to solicit some relief from the court; a> the had long 
been very poor, from the ruin of the lioase of Desmond by an at- 
tidnder. She, according to Sir William Temple, died some ptn 
above a liuadred and forty:* and Lord Bacon infoimi ns, th^ibc 
twice, at least, renewed her teeth.f lam uncertaia id whatyeu 
she died, but she was not living in 1614, when Sir Walter Raleu^ 
published bis " History." .^^ 



CLASS XII. 

PERSONS REMARKABLE FROM A StNGIE 
CIRCUMSTANCE IN THEIR LIVES. &c 

THOMAS PERCY ; inscribed, " H^c est vera tf 
prima originatis editio Thoma Perct;" Ȥ'c. siw I/itin 
verses ; snakes twined about the oval of the frame; onch 
ments relative to his actions. C. Van de Pass exc. Atr. 
scaj-ce. 

Thomas Pebcy ; two different. W. Richardson. 

Thomas Percy; iti the print of the gunpowder con- 
spirators. 

Thomas Percy ; ijt an oval, betwce7t fm-ty-dghl 



* " Emy on Health and long life." 

t In Ills " Hilt. Vim « Mertii, Operatio suptr nclusioii 
<aj!, " Ut per victt dtitii'Mt;" and in his '■ NaL. Hlit." ( 
" that liic did ricnlire twice or thrice." 




aet; eft yeraScpiimaori^malli editioThoieftrti 



, ..... .„.^ % . . 









/^/■//,A^ Ja/, ..e. >^n. h 7irJf!>^ra 



Wk ficiue. 31. Sa-and. 



OF ENGLAND. 191 

Dutch verses ; a LeUin inscription' at the bottom between 
'wo circles; his apprehending y 8^. rare. 

Thomas Percy, one of the conspirators in the 
jimpowder-plot, Adamsc. 

Thomas Percy, a most particular and intimate friend of Robert 
^atesby, was nearly allied tb^ and greatly in the confidence of, Henry 
Percy, earl. of Northumberland, and was by him, as captain of the 
gentlemen pensioners, admitted into that band, without taking the 
tostomary oaths; — for which omission, and the known intimacy 
between them, the earl suffered a tedious imprisonment of fifteen 
'^eare. 

Percy was by far the most virulent of the conspirators, andoa-one 
>ccasion, offered to rush into the presence-chamber, and stab the 
:mg: but this was objected to by the more wily Catesby, who then 
irst opened to him his scheme of extirpating the whole royal 
amny, and nobles, by gunpowder: to aid which purpose, Percy 
mgaged to famish 4000/. out ,of the Earl of Northumberland's 
'ents, and to provide ten swift horses in case of any emergency 
khat might require speed. Upon the discovery of the plot, he b^r 
took himself to flight, and was killed with Catesby in the following 
manner : ** One John Street, of Worcester, who had charged his 
innsket with a brace of bullets, and resting it upon a wall by the 
gate of the house, where- they had taken refuge, shot at them as they 
were coming in rank, and not in file, from the door towards ^e 
^te ; each bullet, as he thought, killed a man ; for which action 
llie king gave him two sliillings a day during his natural life, tp be 
paid hun out of the Exchequer. 

CONCILIUM CONJURANTIUM in Necem. 
Jac I. &c. viz. Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy , Thomas 
and Robert Winter^ Guide FawkeSy John and Christo- 
pher Wright, Bates y servant to Catesby ; Ato. very scarce 
md curious, 

CrUNPOWDEa CONSPIRATORS ; twclvc Latin verses^ 
thirteen Prmch verses y and under four Dutch Hnesl 
^ Hie halst gevisteger Leser,^' Sgc. scarce. ^ 



ItlOGRAFIIICAL HISTORY 

rtPOWDER Conspirators ; with ten Latin lines; 
as seven. " Pi'odilorum,^' ^'c. scarce. 

iNPowDEii Conspirators; German inscription; 
'.sentation of the execution ; heads on poles, ^-c. large 
sheet. 

• infamous fraternity are only memorable as traitors of ibe 

t kind: several of them were executed id 1606, for tbe 

'der-plot. There is no doubt but that some of those wbo 

■- the hand of the executioner, were made to expect the crown 

rtyrdora. Sir Edward Coke displayed his great abilities in 

ravelling the intricaciea of this conspiracy, and ascertaining the 

ulh of it beyond con trad iction," 



ROBERT CATESBY, one of the conspirators 
the gunpowder-plot. Cauljicld e.rc. 8vo. 

Robert Catesby, of Asbby, in the county of Leicester, was a gen- 
tleman of good property and estimation, and had so winning a 
manner, as to possess every one who knew him with a most ex- 
travagant liking to bis company; insomuch, that several peisons 
concerned in the gunpowder-conspiracy, frankly confessed [ley 
were drawn into it, more in consequence of his persuasion, than 
(iny conviction in their own minds, of the propriety of the 
they bad embarked in. Catesby entered with such spirit in ihii 
business, that in the course of a few months, he was obliged to (all 
in some monicd persons to carry it on with the spirit that was neces- 
sary to accomplish the point aimed at. In consequence of whidi, 
with the advice and concurrence of Percy, Winter, Fawkes, 4e. 
he opened the plot to Sir Evcrard Digby, and afterward to Franat 
Tresham, esq. the first of whom promised 1500/. and the IsltM 
2000;. to purchase such materials as were wanting to carry llie 
plan into execution. But upon the discovery of Fawkes's appft* 



• The cfrronlf rj of some popish wrilera is aslontshine. They prrlend lo belli 
Itjidilioa, and eveij icgendarj liimory, Bs of equal aulliorily « Uli the Scriplorei.i 
jol lieu; the realiljDf the Eun|K)wJor-lres<oui a fncl suppurlcJ Iiv alnioft CT 
kindofeTidcncc. 



OF ENGLAND. 193 

[lension, Catesby, in company of Percy, tlie Winters, Wrights, 
&c. betook themselves- to flight, and were overtaken at Holbeaqh, 
in StafiPordshire ; where, at the house of Stephen Littleton, after 
a desperate sally, Catesby and Percy were killed with one shot. 
To this circumstance may be attributed the mystery .which sur- 
rounds the gunpowder-treasony as Catesby was the only person who 
could have given any satisfactory evidence, being the only lay- 
man Garnet the superior of the Jesuits would confer with on the 
^abject. 



THOMAS WINTER, executed in the year 1606, 
for the gunpowder- plot. Caulfield exc. 8vo. 

Thomas Winter, a discontented Catholic, had thoughts of quittibg 
England for ever, and had retired to his brother's house in the coun- 
try, till such time as a convenient opportunity should ofifer for that 
purpose. In the mean time he was sent for by Catesby, to come 
with all speed possible to London ; where, when he arrived on the 
second invitation, Catesby opened to him his gunpowder scheme, 
into which Winter readily entered, and almost as soon set off for 
Flanders, to sound the inclination of several leading persons to- 
wards such a scheme ; where he was recommended to Fawkes, as 
a proper person to overlook the work, he being an approved soldier, 
and skilful engineer. They embarked at Dunkirk, and came to Eng- 
land together ; soon after which Percy hired the house adjoining 
the House of Lords, where they first began the mine. Winter, in 
concert with the rest, retired to Staffordshire ; where, on the explo- 
aion of some gunpowder, that was laid in a platter to dry, he was 
scorched in so shocking a manner, as' rendered him incapable of 
defence. Some little time before this accident. Winter dreamt, 
^ that he saw steeples and churches stand awry, and within those 
churches strange and unknown faces." And after, when the afore- 
aaid explosion had likewise scorched divers others of the confe- 
derates, and much disfigured theirjcountenances ; then did Winter 
call to mind his dream, and to his remembrance thought, that the 
Ibces of his associates, so scorched, resembled those which he had 
aeen in his dream. From the confession he made, he appears to 
luaye be^o very penitent, and resigned to his fate. Executed 
Jan. 31, 1606. 



BIOGRAPHICAI. HISTORY 

id secretly conveyed away ; as also that Fawkcs, so 

;arae into Si. George's Fields to escape, should be 

■"■ muruered and so raangkd, that he could not he known; 

■:ipon it was to be bruited abroad, that the Puritans had bloiin 

pailiaraent'house; and the better to make the world belieie 

lere was Mr. Pickering, with his choice horse, ready to make 

c ; but that stirred up, some persons seeing the heinoas' 

I i fact, and hitn ready to make his escape, in detestation 

'uiiible a deed, fell upon him, and hewed him to pieceti 

make it more clear, there was his horse, known to be of 

.1 speed and swiftness, ready to carry him away ; and upon 

umour, a massacre should have gone through the whole land 

the Puritans. When the contrivance of this plan was thu 

ivered by some of the conspirators, and Fawkes, who was now 

iBoner in the Tower, made acquainted with it, whereas before 

ivas made to believe, by his companions, that he should be 

QtifuUy rewarded for his good services to the Catholic cause, 

perceiving that, on the contrary, his death had been contrivol 

them, he thereupon freely confessed all that he knew coucem' 

; that horrid conspiracy, which before all the tortures of the rack 

Cpdld not force him unto. The truth of all this was attested by 

Mr William Perkins, who hnd it from Mr. Cleraeat Cotton, tt 

whom Mr. Pickering gave the above relation, 

Guy Fawkes was executed with Thomas Winter, Ambrosa 
Rockwood, and Robert Keies, within [he old Palace-yard, West- 
minster, not far from the parliament- ho use, Jan. Olst, 1606. 

JOHN WRIGHT, one of the conspirators in the 
gunpowder-plot. Cau/Jield ejcc. %vo. 

. John Wright was one of the first persons to "whom CateBbyin- 
tmsted the secret of the plot; and they mutually agreed, thai s" 
who afterwacd should enter on that business, should take the fol- 
lowing oath ; which was first administered by Catesby, Percy, aai 
this Wright, each to the other, at a house behind St. Clement's 

church, withoutTemp!e-bar: "You shall swear by the BlMsed 

Trinity, and by the sacrament you now purpose to receive, neW^ 
to disclose, directly nor indirectly, by word or circumstance, tne 
matter that shall be proposed to you to keep secret, nor desist 
from the execution thereof until llie rest ahall give you leave."— 



OF ENGLAND. 197 

John Wright was IdUed, with a number Gf the other conspiralorBt 
in their desperate sally at Holbeach, the place of their last resort 

. CHRISTOPHER WRIGHT, one of the congpi- 
lators in the gunpowder-plot. Cauyidd exc. 8vo. 

* 

Christopher Wright, like Robert Winter, was brought into the 
conspiracy by hi^ own brother ; and from every circumstance that 
can be collected concerning hikn, was nothing behind the rest in 
fbrwarding. this w<Mrk of mischief. — It wiew Christopher Wright 
ttat first discoyered the apprehension of Fawkes, and advised the 
fiest of die conspirators to an immediate and separate flight; 
wUdhLiadyice had they taken, it is more than probable some might 
have escapeid; instead of which, they impudently resolved to raise 
tb^ country into open rebellion, and resort tp that place which 
was' to have been their general rendezvous, had the explosion 
taken fdace : the consequence of which was, they were pursued, 
iororlaken, some taken alive, and the rest killed. Among the last 
was this Wright fmd his brother. 

THOMAS BATES, executed in the year 1606, for 
the gunpowder-plot. Cauljkld exc. ^vo. 

Thomas Bates, who was Catesby's man, was wound into this 
treason by his master, and was resolved, when he doubted of the 
lawfulness thereof, by the doctrine of the Jesuits. For the manner 
it was after this sort : Catesby, noting that his man observed him 
extraordinarily, as suspecting something of that which he the said 
Catesby went about, called him to him at his lodging in Puddle- 
Wharf, and,ln the presence of Thomas Winter, asked him what 
lie thought the business was they went about, for that he had 
of late so suspiciously and strangely marked them. Bates an- 
swered, that he thought they went about some dangerous matter, 
whatsoever the particulars were : whereupon they asked him again 
iriiat he thought the business might be ; when he answered, that 
}it thought they intended some dangerous matter about the parlia- 
ment-house, because he had been sent to get a lodging near unto 
^bat placok .Then did they make Bates take an oath to be secret 
in the actipar; which being taken by him, they then told him that 
it was tma tllat they were . to execute a great matter ; n^ely, to 

VOL. II. 2 o 



I9S BIOCaAPHICAL HISTORY 

lay powder nndcr the pari lament- house, to blow it up. Then tbej 
also told him that he was to receive the sacrament, for thR more 
assurance; and tliereupon he weat to confession to Tesmaud the 
Jesuit, and in his confession told him, that he was to conceal a verj 
dangerous piece of work that his master Catesby and Thomas 
Winter had imparted to him, and said he much feared the matlet 
to be utterly unlawful, and therefore therein desired the counsel of 
the Jesuit, and revealed to him the whole intent and purpose g( 
blowing up the pari lament- house, upon the first day of the assem- 
bly, at which the king, the queen, the prince, the lords spiritual and 
temporal, the judges, the knights, citizens, and burgesses, shouJil 
all have been convened and met together. But the Jesuit, being t 
confederate therein before, resolved and encouraged him in the 
action ; and said that he should be secret in that which his masUt 
had imparted unto bim, for that it was for a good cause : addiaf, 
moreover, that it was not dangerous unto him, nor any offence to 
conceal it. And thereupon the Jesuit gave him absolution ; and 
Bates received the sacrament of him, in the company of his master 
Robert Catesby and Thomas Winter. 

When condemned, he craved pardon, as being ignorant of the 
consequence of what he concealed, and as being led into it bj 
his master, Tesmoud, and Winter; he was, however, executed 
Jan. 22, 1606. 

TTiere is an uiicommart print, hy N. de Vischer, of 
the execution of the eight conspirators. 

SIR EVERARD DIGBY ; a small oval in Caul- 
Jielifs "Histori/o/thcGunpQwikrPlolf' 8vo. 

Sir Everard Dighy was descended from an ancient family, resi- 
dent at the time of his birth (1.581} at Drystoke, in Rutlandshire. 
He was educated under the tuition of some popish priests, and hi) 
father dying when he was but eleven years of age, he was early 
introduced to the court of Queen Elizabeth, where he was mucB 
noticed, and received several marks of her majesty's favour. On 
the coming in of King James, he went likewise to pay his duty, as 
others of bis religion did; was very graciously received, and had 
the honour of knighthood conferred upon him, being looked upon 
as tt man of fair fortune, pregnant abilities, and a coortlike belis' 



OF ENGLAND. .^^9 

y}Our^ He married M^ry, daughter and sole, heiress of WUIi^m 
Blulsbo, esq.of Gothursi^ in Budangh^siure, with wfaoiapi hid Jiia^ 
^ giSeat fortuney which, with his own'estatey was settled iipon th^ 
chQdren of that marriage. Cine would have imagined that, ccMisi- 
doring his mild temper and happy situation in the world, t^ gen- 
tleman might have spent his days in honour and peace, idtbou^ 
nmning the smallest hazard of meeting that disgraceful deati^ 
which lias introduced his name into all our histories : l^utithap- 
J^Md, far otherwise. He was drawn in to be privy to the gan|K>wder- 
<|iIot; and thopgh he was not a principal actor- in that dreadful 
•Sur, or indeed an actor At all, yet he dffered 1500/. towards d^ 
fraying the expenses (tf it; entertamed duy Fawkes, who was to 
liaTe executed it, in his bouse; and' was taken in open rebdllicH^ 
with other PaiHsts, aflier the plot was detected and had miscarried. 
Tn0 means, by which Sir Sverard was wrought upon to ep^s^e in 
this affiur, himself affirmed to be these : first, hie was told that ^ng 
^am^s had broke bis promises to the Catholics ; secondly, tha|t 
jBeveral laws against popery would be made in. the next parliament, 
Ihat husbands would be made obnoxious for their wives' offences, 
and that it would be made a praemunire only to be a Catholic ; huX 
the main point was, thirdly, that the restoring of the Catholic religio)i 
was the duty of every member, and that, in consideration of- this, 
lie was not to regard any favours received from the crown, the 
tranquillity of his country, or the hazards that might be run in re« 
spect to his life, his family, or his fortune. 

Upon his commitment to the Tower he persisted steadily in 
maintaining his own innocence as to the powder-plot, and refused 
to discover any who were concerned in it; but when he was 
brought to his trial at Westminster, Jan. 27, 1606, and indicted 
for being acquainted with and concealing the powder-treason, 
taking the double oath of secrecy and constancy, and acting 
openly with other traitors in rebellion, he pleaded guilty.— rAfter 
tius, he endeavoured to extenuate his offence, by explaining the 
kotives before mentioned ; and then requested that, as he had been 
akne in the crime, ne might alone bear the punishment, without 
extending it to his family ; and that his debts might be paid, and 
himself beheaded. When sentence of death was passed, he seemed 
to be^much afPected; for making a low bow to those on the bench, 
jk.said,/^ if I oould hear any .of your lordships say you forgave me, 
t'should go the more.ebeerfuUy^to the gallows^". To this all -the 
lords answered, "God forgive you, and we do." He was, with 



200 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

other conspirators, on the 30th of the same month, hanged, drawn, 
and quartered, at the west end of St. Paul's church, in London, 
where he asked forgiveness of God, the king, the queen, the prince, 
and the parliament ; and protested, that if he had known this act at 
first to have been so foul a treason, he would not have concealfil it 
to have gained a world, requiring the people to witness, that he 
died a penitent and sorrowful for it. Wood mentioDS a most eitra- 
ordinary circumstance at his death, as a thing generally tnown, 
namely, that when the eiiecutioaer plucked out his heart, and, ai> 
cording to form, held it up, saying, " Here is the heart of a traitor," 
Sir Everard made answer, " Thou liest." 

He left at his deadi two young sons, afterward Sir Kenelm and 
Sir John Digby, and expressed hie affection towards them by a weU- 
written and pathetic paper, which he desired might be communi- 
cated to them at a fit time, as the last advice of their father. 
While he was in the Tower, he wrote, in juice of lemon, or other- 
wise, upon slips of paper, as opportunity offered ; and got theae 
conveyed to his lady, by such as had permission to see him. These 
notes, or advertisements, were preserved in the family as precious 
relics : till, in 1675, they were faund at the house of Charles Com- 
wallis, esq. executor to Sir Kenelm Digby, by Sir Rice Rudd, hart 
and William Wogan, of Gray's Inn, esq. In the first of these pa- 
pers there is the following paragraph : '■ Now for my intention, let 
me tell you, that if I had thought there had been the least sin in 
the plot, I would not have been in it for all the world ; and no 
other cause drew me to hazard my fortune and life, but zeal to 
God's religion." 

FRANCIS TRESHAM, esq. a small oval in Cad- 
Jielifs " History of tlie Giuipoivder Plot f' 8i'o. 

This gentleman was one of the, most considerable of the consp- 
rators ; and was early informed of the plot by Catesby and Percyi 
as Sir Everard Digby and himself were the first mouied men they 
called in to aid their purpose. Tresham, it appears, offered 500(. 
more than Sir Everard, who proffered ISOO;. and Tresham, 2OO0?. 
to purchase combustibles, hire the house, and pay for any assistance 
necessary. 

After the apprehension of Fawkes, Tresham had the temerity lo 
Temaiu about tlie court, and the better to disguise his connexion in 
the plot, proffered his service for the suppression and apprehension 






I 



of ENGLAND. L 201 

Pthe other conspiraion ; but being siupectedy he was examined, 
ad sent to the Tower, wl^iere he confessed the whole, and witlbia a 
m diagrs after died of a strangury. 

AMBROSE ROOKWOOD ; a smalloml, in Caul- 
fid's ** History of the Gunpowder Plot /' %vo. 

Ambrose Ropkwood, like the majority of the conspirators, was 
main of fisrtane/and, previous to this circnmstanoe, of character 
idmpeached :' when called upon to answer why judgment of dea^ 
!idi|ld, not be. pronounced against him, he answered, *^ Thpugh \aa 
fence was incapable of excuse, it Was not altogether incapable of 
Efiepoationf ' and the rather, it, that he had not been either author 
r actor in the business, but drawn in, to abet the same, from the 
ctreme regard he bore to Catesby; whom he professed to esteem 
Kyve any man helcnew: and concluded by ol^erving, it was., not 
le fear of death, but grief that so shameful a one would leave a 
erpetnal blemish to after ages, on his name and blood. He was 
cecoted Jan. 31, 1606. ^ 

to the Romish faith seems to have been inherent to this 
(and perhaps family), as an Ambrose Rookwood was executed 
i the year 1690, for being concerned in a plot to assassinate King 
iTilliam. 

JOHN GRANT ; a small oval, in Cauljield^s '' Ms- 
ory of the Gunpowder Plot ;'* 8vo. 

John Grant, one of the conspirators, resident at Coventry, in com- 
any with several violent Catholics, broke open a stable, and car- 
ted off seven or eight horses belonging to noblemen and gentlemen 
C the neighbourhood; with which assistance (thinking the expld* 
109 had taken place) he intended to obtain possession of the 
"Iriaoess Elizabeth, afterward Queen of Bohemia, then on a idsit at 
4rd Harrington's, but being frustrated in this scheme, he was 
iken, brought to trial, and executed, with Sir .£verard Digby, 

Ubert Winter, and Thomas Bates. 

• 

ROBERT KEIES ; a small oval, in CaulfiekTs 
■ History of the Gunpowder Plot ;" 8t;o. 

Robert Keies, as .he expressed himself on his trial, was a man of 



202 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

desperate estate and fortune, and tbat his situation at the bai m 
a» good, in pomt of circumstance, a> any he had known for a ' 
of time, and but from the foUowitig anecdote taken from FnlkiH 
" Church History," we might naturally suppose the temptation of 
money, rather than a wish for the advancement of religion, had 
prompted him to the undertaking. " A few days before the fai^ 
blow should be given, Keies, being atTichmarsh, in Northampton- 
shire, at his brother-in-law's house, Mr. Gilbert Pickering, a Pro- 
testant, he suddenly whipped out his sword, and in merriment made 
many offers therewith at the heads, necks, and sides of seven! 
gentlemen and ladies then in his company : it was then taken bx 
a mere frolic, and so passed accordingly ; but afterward, when the 
treason was discoTercdj'suchas remembered his gestures, thought !ie ' 
practised what he intended to do when the plot should take eSecl; 
that is, to hack and hew, kill and destroy, all eminent persons of a 
different religion from himself." fie was executed with GuyFawkH 
and others Jan. 31,1606. 

RICHARD PEEKE; wood-cut; scarce. 

Richard Peeke; i/i Caulfield's " Jtemarkaiki 

Persons." 

Richard Peeke, a native of Tavistock, in Devonshire, entered asu 
volunteer in the cspedition against Gales; and at the casils d^ 
Puntall, on that coast (to use his own phrase), performed i^ 
desperate service. On the surrender of this castle, 
were landed; when Peeke, among others, straying about lie M 
try, fell into a Spanish ambuscade, by whom he was made prists 
and confined eighteen days in the prison at Cales. Being brorf 
up for examination at Xercs, before the Duke of Medina-SidontB,S 
conducted himself so undauntedly, as to challenge any three 8| 
ninrds they could produce to encounter him ; which being ai 
he entered the lists, armed only with a quarter- staff, against tfc 
antagonists, each provided with rapier and poniard. Peete^ 
his staff with such skill and adroitness, as to lay one of the tl 
dead at his feet, and compel the remaining two to seek their sa 
in flight. A collection was made for him on %he spot, ' 
amounted to four pounds ten shillings ; and he was taken under^ 
patronage of the Marquis Alquenexes, and presented by hiin to-W 
King of Spain at Madrid, who offered him a place under his govcJ 



OF ENGLAND. 1203 

taut I \Hudi deelininj^, be Mtntraecl to England, and pabUihed the 
unmtite of his expkSts, to which the print U {ftefized. ' 

ELIZABETH SAWYER; too«f-c«0 ram 
iBjLizABETH Sawyer. J. Caulfkld exc. 

r Elisabelh Sawyer was one of those impostors who, in the reign 
r James the First, fell victims to the superstitious ignorance of the 
mes. Her history is comprised in a tract printed at London, 1 621 , 
■titled, ** The Wonderfull Discoyerie of Elizabeth Sawyer, a Witch, 
ite of Edmonton ; her Conviction, and Condemnation, and Death; 
%ettitir.widi 4he Relation of the DiveFs Accesse to her, and theiff 
onference together. Written by Henry Goodcole, Minister of the 
l^ord of God ; and her continual Visitor ine th Goale of Newgate.^ 

ANNE TURNER ; wood-cut, in the sheet of her 
^Jfing speech and confession, in the library of the Anti^ 
^uatian Society ; rare, 

AnnbTubner; copied from the above. R.S.Kirbjf 

Anne Turner was the widow of a physician that had attended 
^ Countess of Essex, who, wanting a confidant in her amour 
^idi Carr, earl of Somerset, prior to her divorce from Essex, ap- 
Bed to Mrs. Turner for that purpose ; who, being reduced in cir- 
itaistances after the death of her husband, readily undertook a 
ttimesa, that promised so well to tend to her advantage ; and fre> 
Oently was the bearer of messages between the eari and countess, 
voftly after the divorce had taken place, and it being rumoured 
^ countess was to be united to the favourite Somerset, hb inti- 
IMs fiiend Sir Thomas Overi>ury freely remonstrated with him on 
^ i mpropr i ety of audi an alliamce, wbidi coming to the know* 
^j^ of dbe lady, she so fat prevailed on her admirer Somerset to 
^ a {^an for the destructimi of the unfortunate Overbory ; which 
^ eftcted by lus refusal of an honourable employment offered to 
feb.- by the king, at the suggestion of the fiuthless Somerset, who 
^i requested Ae ap po intm ent on behalf of hb unsospectiBg friend; 
^ eoDsequenoe of the eontempt cast on this his nugest/s fii^ 
^, was die com m it m ent of Oveibnry to the Tower, where he 
Wdy after £ed by poison, admiinslered to him by agenfa 



204 BIOGHAPHICAL HISTORY 

ployed by Lady Essex, the chief of which was Mrs. Tatner. 
procured the poisoDous drugs which occasioned his death, ant 
ployed the parties who effected the same ; for this offence shi 
brought to trial before Sir Edward CoJce, fouod guilty, and 
tenced to die, with a remarkable order, " That as she was th( 
person who introduced the fashion of yellow starched nifis, 
should be hanged in that dress, that the same might er 
shame and de testa ti on." She was executed at Tybura Not. 
1615. 

SIR JERVAS YELVIS ; wood-cut, in the she 
his dying speech, in the library of the Araiqua\ 
Society; rare. 

Sir Jehvas Yelvis ; copied from the ah 
R. S. Kirby exc. Sno. 

Sir Jervas Yelvis (or Elwes), a gentleman of Lincolnshire, 
brought up to the study of the law, and some time a memb 
Lincoln's Inn; but being of a restless, unsettled, and ambit 
nature, was continually in search of some post or place uadei 
crown, until he procured the situation which provedhts i 
Previously to the confinement of Sir Thomas Overbury in 
Tower, the then lieutenant, Sir William Waad, being of too n 
and independent a principle to become an instrument in the 
conspiracy against Overbury, was displaced from his office 
lieutenant, on the ground that he had exercised his authority ' 
too little strictness in regard of the Lady Arabella Stuart, ha' 
allowed her the use of a key when she was in confinement, » 
he gave too little liberty to others, in a similar situation. Ado 
cause assigned was, that he had grown rich and careless, and i 
lected the duties of his office. Sir Jervas Yelvis, it is repor 
gained the place by the payment of a considerable sum of moj 
and is said to have been guilty of great extortions during the 1 
he continued in possession of his office; and for that cause beni 
the Earls of Northampton and Rochester his sole study, iea 
their displeasure more than that of the king himself; actuated 
these motives, he readily came into every measure which they| 
posed, as thinking the favourite Rochester would always bear 
harmless, and in that persuasion he became an accessary in tk 
tended murder, and even undertook the office of sounding the 



OF ENGLAND. 205 

KNsi^on of Sir Thomas towards the Countess of Essex, which he 
^xnmunicatecl to the Earl of Northampton, in a letter that sealed 
lis own destruction ; as the confederates in Overbury's murder no 
onger maintained the least reserve^ but compelled him to co-ope- 
rate and associate with the lowest villains they had engaged in 
their wicked project. 

Weston, a main instrument in the murder, who had beei;! taken 
into the service of the lieutenant, on the recommendation of the 
countess, haying a glass in one hand, and Sir Thomases supper in 
the other ; meeting Sir Jervas, he demanded of him with a kind of 
caution, whether he should give it to him (Sir Thomas) now or nott 
The lieutenant stopped, and asked, What ? To which Weston an- 
swered : Sir, know you not what is to be done 1 This address from 
one in Weston's situation alarmed Sir Jervas, who took him under 
a close examination, when he confessed upon what grounds he had 
proceeded, and acknowledged the receipt of the poison from the 
countess, and to what end. The lieutenant dismissed Weston, 
with advice to omit it then ; but too late discovered that his parti- 
cipation in the crime^ had involved him as a confederate with the 
worst of characters. 

'The history of this abominable conspiracy is recorded in almost 
every work that relates to the reign of James I., and the trial, con- 
viction, prayers, and execution of those concerned in the murder, 
may be seen at length in <* Truth brought to Light by Time,, or 
Narrative of the First Fourteen Years of King Jatnes I. " 

Sir Jervas Yelvis suffered on Tower-hill, Nov. 20, 1615. In his 
dying speech he observes, that having been much addicted to 
gaming, he had often vowed and prayed, '' Let me be hanged if I 
ever play more,*' and takes this his fate as a judgment.on him for 
&e violation of his vows so often made and broken. 



. MULLED SACK ; a fantastic and humorous chim- 
fiey -sweeper^ so called. He is in a cap and feather , and 
laced band: his cloak is tucked up, and coat ragged ; he 
has a scarf on his arm; on his left leg is a fashionable 
boot, with a spur; on his right foot is a shoe, with a rose: 
he has a sword by his side, and a holly bush and pole on 
his shoidder ; in his left hand is another pole, with a horn 

VOL. IL, 2 K 



206 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

on it: a pipe, out of which issues smoke, is in His right 
hand.* At the bottom are the following lines: 

I walke the Strand and Westminster, and scome 
To march i' the Cittie, though I bear the home. 
. My feather and my yellow band accord . 

To prove me courtier ; my boote, spur, and sword, . j 

My «mokinge pipe, scarf, garter, rose on shoe. 
Shew my brave mind t'affect what gallants doe. 
I sing, dance, drink, and merrily passe the day,. 
And, like a chimney, sweepe.all care away. 

Sold by Compton Holland. A small h. sh. rare. 



a f 

I never saw this print but in a very curious and valuable voltune 
of English portraits by the old engravers, collected in the reign of 
Charles I. and now in the possession of John Delabere, esq. of Chel- 
tenham, in Gloucestershire. 



1 



\ 
y 

i 
1 

Mull'd Sack; in Caulfield-s ''Remarkable Per- 1 
sons r 4 to. ! 

This most notorious fellow was the son of one Cottington, ahat^r- ' 
dasher of small-wares in Cheapside ; ' but his father being a boon 
companion, so wasted his substance, that he died so poor as toiie 
buried by the parish. He left behind him fifteen daughters, and 
four sons, the youngest of whom was this Mulled Sack. At eight ■ | 
years of age he was, by the overseers of the parish, put out appren- ' 
ticeto a chimney-sweeper, of St; Mary-le-Bow, to whom he" served . 
about five years ; and having then entered his teens, he thought 
himself as good a man as his master ; whereupon he ran away, as 
thinking he had. learnt ^o much of his trade as- was ^sufficientfor 
him to live upon, and his heirs for ever. 



* Tbis'inedley of the dress of the man of fashion and the chimney-sweeper, is not 
unlike that which Lassels mentions in his ''Voyage of Italy/' where he describes a 
carnival lit Rome. "But never," says the aaihor, '' did any mascatade please liice 
thaet speculative Italian, who mocked both the French and the Spaniards at 0Dce,^bj 
walking np and downe the street, clad half like a poUi^ and half like a Monsiedr," 
&c; — Lassel^s " Vojage," paFt ii. p. 190, &c^ 



V ,;X)F ENGLAND. 207 

He.had no sooner quitted his master, than he was called by the 

name of MulTd Sack (though his real name was John Cotiingtonjy 

from . his usually drinking sack mulled, morning, noon, . and night ; 

to. support this extravagant way of living he took to picking.pockets^ 

and carried on^this profession with great success ; and among others 

he robbed was the Lady Fairfax, from whom he got a rich gold 

watch^ set with diamonds, in the following manner : " This lady 

used. to go to a. lecture on a week-^day, to Ludgate ' church, where 

one Mr. Jacomb. preached, being mudi followed by the. precisians. 

Mull'd Sack observing this, and that she constantly wore her watch 

hanging .by a chain frojn her waist, against the next time she came 

thereby dressed himself like an officer in the army ; ^and having his 

comrades attending liim Hke troopers, one of them takes off the pin 

of a coach- wheel that was going upwards through the gate, by 

which means. it falling off, the passage was obstructed ; so that the 

lady .coi4d. not alight at the church-door, .but was forced . to .leave 

lier.coach without; which I^ull'd Sack taking advantage of, readily 

presented himself to her , ladyship ; and . havii^ .the impudence ^to 

take her from her gentleman-usher, who attended her alighting, led 

her by the arm into the church; and by the way, with a pair of keen 

«r sharp scissors for the purpose, cut the- chain in two, and got the 

watch clear away ; she not missing it tUl sermon was done, when 

she was going to see the time of the day'. 

. After many narrow escapes from being taken in the act of plun* 
dering, MuU'd Sack was at length detected in the act of pickiugthe 
pocket of Oliver Cromwell, as he came out of the parliament-house, 
and had like to have been hanged for that fact ; but the storm blow- 
ing over, he was so much out of conceit with picking pockets, that 
lieitook up another trade, which was robbing on the highway; and 
following, this practice with one Tom Cheney, they were auda- 
cious enough to rob Colonel Hewson, at the head of his regiment, 
Ifben marching into Hounslow ; but being quickly pursued by some 
Iroopers which lay in that town, Cheney's horse failing him, lie 
"Vas taken, while MuU'd Sack got clear off. Cheney, desperately 
"Wounded, was brought prisoner to Newgate ; and shortly after, when 
tbe sessions came on at the Old Bailey, he would have avoided his 
trial by pleading weakness, and the soreness of his wounds ; but 
<^iis had DO effect on t^e court, for they caused him to be brought 
down in a chair ; from whence, as soon as he had received seatepge 
of death, which was about two o'clock in the afternoon, he was car-' 
ried in a cart to Tyburn, and there executed. 



208 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

, Mull'd Sacky haying thus lost his companioo, was resolved m 
fature to rob on the highway by himself alone^ though, he ksfi 
company with the greatest highwaymen that ever were known mtmy 
age ; and such was his genius, that by their conyersation he becsme 
as expert a robber on the road as any man whateyer ; for whilstliei 
followed that profession, he got as much money as all the thi0veB 
then in England. He always went habited like, and was rioted 
8 merchant, for he constantly wore a watchmaker's and jewelWs 
shop in his pocket, and coiUd at any time command 1000^ 

Haying notice by his spies that the general-teceiyer ad Readisf 
was to send 6000/. to London by an ammunitions waggon and 
cohyoy, he prevented that way of carriage by conyeying it vf 
himself on horseback ; breaking into the receiver's house lit 
the night time, and carried off the booty, undiscovered. The lofl* 
being so great, strict inquiry was set on foot, when it was dis^ 
covered Muird Sack was the principal in the robbery ; idiereupott 
he was watched, way-laid, apprehended, and sent down pri8<m6r tft 
Reading, and from thence, at the assizes, conveyed to Abingdani 
where, not wanting money, he procured such a jury to be empan* 
nelled, that though Judge Jermyn did what he could to hang bu% 
there being very good circumstantial proof, as that he was seen ia 
the town the very night when the robbery was committed, yet hs 
so baulked the evidence, and so affronted the judge, by bidding bin* 
come off the bench, and swear what he said, as judge, witness, and 
prosecutor too, for so perhaps he might murder him by pre- 
sumption of evidence, as he termed it, that the jury brought him in 
guiltless. 

He had, however, not been long at liberty before he killed one 
John Bridges, to have the more free egress and regress with his 
wife, who had kept him company for above four years ; but the 
deceased's friends resolving to prosecute the murderer to the utter^ 
most, he fled beyond sea ; and at Cologn he robbed King Charles II. 
then in his exile, of as much plate as was valued at 1500^ ; then 
flying into England again, he promised to give Oliver Cromwd 
some of his majesty's papers, which he had taken with his plate, 
and discover his correspondences here ; but not making good hit 
promise, he was sent to Newgate, and receiving sentence of •deadly 
was hanged in Smithfield-rounds, in April, 1659, aged fifty-five 
years. 



OF ENGLAND. 209 

JOHN SELMAN, who was^xecuted near Charing- 
vossy 1612, Sec. done in wood; 4to. 

John S elm an ; in Caulfield^s *^ Remarkable Per- 



Tbifl man was hanged for picking the pocket of Leonard Barry, 
venrant to Lord Harring^ni during divine service. The author of 
4e narrative of Selman magnifies the crime, as he was dressed like 
m gentleman.* 

There is a print of EVE FLIGEN, of Cleveland 
^y which is meant the dutchy of Clove, in Ger- 
many, and not Cleveland, in Yorkshire), who is said 
*o have lived long upon the smell of flowers. It was 
mU in Pope's Head-alley^ by George Humble (the first 
impreasion was sold by William Peak); and was, by 
3fn W^t, taken for an English bead ; but L cannot 
2nd that she was ever out of her own country. 
Under the portrait are these lines : 

'Twas I that prayM I never might eat more, 
'Cause my step-mother grutclied me my food ; 

Whether on flowers I fed, as I had store. 
Or on a dew that every morning stood, 

Like honey, on my lips, full seaventeen year<;. 

This is a tratfa, if you the troth will hear. 



t It is well known, that Jonathaa Wild used to «<^|uip \m <'iiiifMwric'« m'iiU geiiU rl 
I, and send them to church, or any other place i»h«re lie hud r<;a«on tv helU'ire 
wo«M be m t»ywd. The greatest booty lliat they are •up}M>fed \n Ijave gaiiM-d 
Cbr lum in one day, was at aa installation at Wmdsor, where thej^ haii4e4 itu4 aMil^d 
^he ladies in the throng, and robbed tlieui of their w^IcIks aud disup;ii/l i^i'iU 
IndLles. Some of these fellowf, etpeciaiJy such as wor^; wA C4/aU iut4 im-M hnife, 
^treie soon obserred to afsaase great aiss, and &ncy tlx-iuselires as i^ood ^g/^-tMntuirsi uk 
<IiMiaihan himself. Hence it was, that they were very sh^ti/ brou|^iii iu ihc ^nl 
lows. One would imagine, that this arch-ihief liad b'-'-ii UtfffuM4 ^f du' \ffiuJ^ of 
^trapelus : 



210 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Eva Fliegen, &c. sia? Latin verses. , Bait. Flysskr 
pinx. et ea;. Andr. Stock so. Hc^e. 

Eva Vliegen ; standing in a room;, view of a gar- 
den from a window ; account of her in French, Inipiwk 
A. Zutphen, chez Andri Jansen, 1611 ; scarce. 

This story may keep company with Pliny's relation of the As- 
tomiy a people in East India, who have no mouths, and are sap- 
ported by the smell of roots, flowers, and wild apples;* and wiA 
that of the Chinese virgins, who are said to conceive by smelling to 
a rose. I have been blamed for leaving the description of Eve Fliffai* 
print out of my book; and now I expect to be blamed for inserting it, 

ROBERT mXON, Cheshire prophet. Harding sc 
1793.^ In Harding's " Biographical Mirrour^ 

Robert, or William, Nixon is said to have been bom at Bridge-' 
end-house, in the parish of Over ; that he was- an illiterate plough 
boy in the house of Thomas Cholmondley, of Vale-Royal, esq. ;: 
his capacity scarcely exceeding that of an idiot ; and that he sel* 
dom spoke unless he uttered his prophecies, which were taken 
from his mouth by some of the by-standers. Many traditions re- 
lating to him are still current in the neighbourhood of Vale-Royal, 
where his story is implicitly believed. The account of his death is, 
that having been sent for by the king, he was accidently starved, 
as he himself foretold. This is said to have happened at Hampton- 
court, where he was ordered, to be kept in the kitchen, where he 
grew so troublesome in licking and picking the meat, that the 
cooks locked him up in a hole. The king going on a sudden to 
London, Nixon was forgot and starved to death. Mr. John Old* 
mixon published his life and prophecies at large, 17 14, from Lady 
Cowper's correct copy. 

• Pliii. " Nat. Hist." i. p. 401, edit. yar. 






X)* ENGLANiD. 211 



REMARKS ON DRESS, &c. 

Henry Vere, the gallant earl of Oxford, was the first nobleman 
that, appeared at court, in the reign of James, with a hat and white 
feather ; ' which was sometimes worn by the king himself.* 

The long love-lock seems to have been first in fashion among 
die beanx in this reign, who sometimes stuck flowers in their 
cars.f 

William, earl of Pembroke, a man far from an effeminate cha- 
racter, is represented with ear-rings, t 

ll^rought night-caps 'were in use in the reigns of Elizabeth, 
James, and Charles I. Privy-coiinsellors and physicians wore them 
embroidered with gold and silk : those worn by the clergy were 
only black and white. Mrs. Kennon, the midwife, a collector of 
curiosities, had the night-cap of Oliver Cromwell, embroidered with 
black. 

r 

James appears to have left the beard in much the same state as 
be found it on his accession to the throne. 

Tbe doak, a dress of great antiquity ,§ was more worn in this, 
ffiao in any of the preceding reigns. It continued to be in fashion 
liter the restoration of Charles II. 

It it well known, that James I. used to hunt in a ruff and 
thhrsers. 

Mr. Hawley, of Gray's Inn, coming to court one day, Maxwell, 
%. Scotsman, led him out of the room by a black string, which he 
•Pore in his ear. 

The great tub-farthingale was much worn in this reign. 

Wbrstied stockings were first knit in this reign, and invented by 

• •• Slate' Wfffthiea," p. 810. ^ 

t Borton on Melancholy, p. 535> sixth edit. 

t From a circumstance of this kind the famous print by Masson is called Perle 
THamowrt* The wearing of ear>rings was supposed to be a presenration for the eye- 
^fjix. Marshal Saxe wore them ; it is a common' practice in Italy and Spain.--- 
Lord Hailes. 

$ The cloak, which has for time immemorial been worn in Spain, was worn by 
9w Romans ; I>acnllas had more cloaks in his wardrobe than he ever had dishes at 
iUs table. It is recorded that he had no less than five thousand. || 
■ ^ ■■■■ , .. ■ . ^ ^^ . ■- .11 

B Hor. Lib. I. Epist. VI. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

er, an apprentice of London, who presented a pair of 
vra Knitting to the Earl of Pembroke. 

e learn from Sir Thomas OTeEbury, that yellow itockinga were 
I hv some of the ordinary gentlemen in the country.* 

; era, puflFed ia a lai^ kjtol, were worn below the knees ; 
>r roses, in tlie shoes. 

rorms us, that the Countess of Essex, aAer ber divorce, 
irea aL court " in the habit of a virgin, with her hair pendant 
t to ber feet :" the Princess EUzabeth, with much more pO 
.,, wore hers in the sanic mauner, when she went to 
a the Prince Palatine. 

; head of the CountCKS of Essex seems to bi 
juients ;t and she appears to have exposed more of the boMn 
d was seen in any former period. 

i ladies began to indulge a strong- passion for foreign laces Id 

i reign of James,! wliich rather increased than abated in succeed 

generations. 

iie ruff and farthingale still continued to be worn. Yellow starek 

' rufis, first invented by the French, aud adapted to the sallov 

complexions of that people, was introduced by Mrs. Turner, a ply- 

jician's widow, who had a principal hand in poisoning Sir ThomU 

Overbury. This vain and infamous woman, who went to be haEged 

in a ruff of that colour,^ helped to support the fafihion 

ohe was able. It began to decline upon her execution. 

Tiie ladies, like those of Spain, were banished from court during 
the reign of James ; which was, perfiapsi a reason why dress nn- 
derwent very little alteration during that period. 

It may not bo impertinent to remark, that the lady of Sir Robeil 
Gary, afterward earl of Monmouth, was mistress of the sweet [M 
perfumed) coffers to Anne of Demnark ; au office which ausvrered 
to that of mistress of the robes at present. |, 

It appears from portraits, that long coats were worn by boys, lil 

*" Bee Overbnry'i " Chancier of a Countrj Ganllemsi 
t OweD, in one of hii epigmmi, of which he hai bDrrowad the thought fmi 
Juienal, nlludes la IhU enormous head' 
" Hoc magia est inatnr tccli c 
Ofnaro est, hoc est icdiiicH; 
t See Lord Bacon's " Conipfcle InalrucUoiu for « Suiesnian." 
§ Howel's ■' Lellers"" 8to. p. 3. 
I See "MeiuDirs of Ruherl Cmy, earl of MoninDalli ;" Sco. 1759. 



OF ENQLAND. 213 

they were seven or eight years of age, or upwards. The dress 
now worn by the blue-coat boys, in London, was that of the time 
when the hospital was founded. We are told by Dean Fell, that 
the famous Dr. Hammond was in long coats when he was sent to 
EUm school.* 

When James came to the crown, there was in the wardrobe, in 
the Tower, a great variety of dresses of our ancient kings ; which, 
to the regret of antiquaries, were soon given away and dispersed.f 
Sodi a collection must have been of much greater use to the stu- 
dious in venerable antiquity, than a review of the '' ragged regi- 
ment** in Westminster Abbey.]; 



• "life of Dr. Hammond;" 8vo. p. 2. 

t FnUei^s *• Worthies," Loodoa, p. 195. 

X Titiefed effigies of our kings, so called, formerly dressed in royal robes, for 
teend processions; after which they were left at the abbey as a costomaiy 
fiiqoiiite. 



vol.. II* 



2t 



214 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



a 



APPENDIX i 



TO 



THE REIGN OF JAMES I. 



FOREIGN PRINCES, ALLIED TO THE KING. 

CHRISTIAN IV. king of Denmark; a larg^ 
head. S. Passatut sc. '^ 

Christian IV. with his eldest son Frederic. 
W. Passatis sc. h. sh. There is a sheet print of kirn on 
horsebacky which has been altered to Oliver Cromwell. 

Christian IV. king of Denmark. A. Haelwegh. 

Christian IV. &c. Killian. 
Christian IV. &c. Boner. 

Christian IV. rich li/ dressed, with hat and feather. 
Ehtrackr. 

C u R I ST I A N IV. holding a truficheon ;Jine. J. Muller^ 
1(525. 

Christian IV. otW ; Ato. " R^^ linmU PietsiM 



OF ENGLAND. 215 

Christian IV. hat and feather ; profile, 4to. 
JP. Philip ; curious. 



j> 



Christian IV. mottOy " Regna Firmat Pietas; 
sir Latin verses; small 4to. C. Pass ; in " Nautical 
Portraits.'' 

Christian IV. with his eldest son Frederick; 
pnezz. R. Dunkarton sc. , 

There is a good portrait of Christian, by Paul Van Somer, at 
Bampton-court. . 

Christian IV. brother to Queen Anne, came into England in Elected 
1606, where he was treated with all possible magnificence. In ^*"g 
1614, he made the king a second visit. He was, for the greater 
[Mut of his reign, engaged in unsuccessful wars with the Swedes and 
Germans. In 161.8, he sent a fleet to the isle of Ceylon, in the 
Bast Indies, which returned richly laden with spices. This was 
Uie first fleet that ever sailed from Denmark to that part of the 
iporld. Ob. 28 Feb. 1648. See more of him towards the end of 
Bond's dedication of his ** Horace" to Prince Henry. 



FREDERICK III. king of Denmark. B.Bolsvert. 

Frederick III. Scc.fol. J. Falck. 

Frederick III. &c. J. Suyderhoef. 

Frederick Christian, heir of Norway, 8gc. 
R. Elstracke sculpsit ; sold by Thomas Jenner, S^c. 

Frederic III. was, in the former part of his reign, embroiled in 
I disastrous war with the Swedes, who penetrated as far as his 
Bapital ; which would inevitably have fallen into the enemies' hands, 
lad not the emperor, the kings of England and Poland, and the 
Dutch, engaged themselves in the quarrel : upon which a peace 
ras concluded near Copenhagen. After this peace, the king, at a 



2J6 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

diM held at that ]itace, wu declared absolute ; aod a total change 
in the gorernment ensued, which put an end to an oppressive an>- 
toeracy. Ob. 16 Feb. 1670. Christian V. his son, succeeded to 
the crown by hereditary right. 

FREDERICUS, comes Palatinus, &c. Crisphm 
Passaus sc. small Ato. 

FreDericus, &c. Crisp. PassiEus, Jun. Jig, et sc. 
oval; ornamttits; h.sh. 

Fbederic, elector Palatine, &c Delaram sc. 4to. 

Fredehicus, rex Boheroiae, &c. Gul. Hondtus «, 
large fi. sh. 

There are several other good prints of him, particu- 
larly an equestrian portrait by Elstrackc, which repre- 
tents him with a globe in his hatid; k. sh. 

Frederick, 8cc. richly dressed. F. Brun, 1627. 

Fbedehick, &c. large 8va. left hand on a sword. 

Fredeuick, See. with helmet and feathers on a table; 
right hand on gauntlet, truncheoyi in left hand; a%; 
eight lines, Dutch and Latin ; folio ; scarce. 

Frederick, &c. in annour ; four English verm; 
names of his children at top. Sold by William Peak; 
scarce. 

Frederick, &c. in annour. C. V. Dalcn sc. Sow' 
by Will. Webb, ^c. 

FiiBDERicK, &c. in armour ; order of the Garter; 
Latin inscriptian at bottom ; Peter Isselberg ; scarce. 



. i 



nOP.E^IGLANilX »17 



Frederick, &c- 0^khiy dressed. Miremldt. W. 
Delph sc. 



. N i 



Frederick^ &c. Johannes Eilardt(s Frisius. 

FrI^SeriCk, dec. ofi hwlseback; at each side^ Latin 
and Dutch inscription. C. Visscher exc. 

FtederiCy elector Palatine, accepted of the crown of Bohemia, 
when- it was tendered him by a factious people ; Tainly presuming, 
that the king his father-in-law, with whose pacific and unenter- 
prising character he seems to have been but little acquainted, would 
fix him on the throne. But that prince was so far from answering 
his expectation, that he tamely suffered him not only to be de- 
prived of his new kingdom, but even of his hereditary dominions. 
Oh, 29 Nov. 1632. See a veiy curious account of him in Win- 
wood's " Memorials," vol. iii. p. 403, 4. See also Granger's 
*tetters,**p. 271. 



A KNIGHT OF THE GARTER. 

MAURICE de Nassau ; without inscription ; 4to. 
This print is knoum by the apposite device ; namely ^ the 
stump of a tree ; the trunk of which appears to have been 
cat off, and a shoot growing out of it ; with this motto, 
" Tandem jit surculus arbor'' This alludes to the assas- 
mation of his father, his youth when he succeeded him, 
and his hopes of becoming as great a man. I have been 
particular in the description ; as the head has been mis- 
taken for that of Prince Maurice, son to the King of 
Bohemia. 

Mauritius, princeps Arausionensium, &c. Ej: 
archetypo Petri Isaaci ; F. B. a Bolsvert esc. orna- 
ments; fine; sh. 



218 BIOGRAPHICAL HII^TORY 

Mauuitxus, &c. 1618; h. sh. 

Mauritius, &c. jEI. 58, 1626 ; hat andfeather.m f 
a table. Stock sc. 1 627 ; ^ne ; large sh. 



Mauritius, &c. under an arch; Svo. " Tandem^ igc. 
Sold by Compton Holland. 

Mauritius; richly dressed, with hat and feather, 
and order of the Garter. C. van Queboitn figuravet d 
sc. Ae. Meuris exc. ; fine, and scarce. 

Mauritius ; in armour; six English lines. Soldbj 
Compton Holland. 

Mauritius, &c. sid' Latin lines; mottOy ** Pro Arts 
et Focis ;'' small 4to. C. de Pass. In " Nautical Por- 
traits.'' 

The most Illustrious Prince Maurice, &c. left hand 
on his hip ; 8vo. scarce. 

Mauritius; sitting j whole length, in armour, on a 
throne of steps, with many emblematical figures ; fourteen 
Latin vei^ses. A. deNieulandt; Sim. Pass, 1627; large 
sheet. This was afterward altered to Fred. Henry, 
prince of Nassau. 

Mauritius ; full face. C. Pass sc. an oval. 
Mauritius ; several others. 

There is an equestrian portrait of him in the horsemanship draw- 
ing-room at Welbeck ; and I think I have seen a print after it. 

Maurice of Nassau, prince of Orange, succeeded his father in the 
government of the United Provinces, at the age of sixteen. He, in 
a few years, became one of the greatest generals of his time, and 
completely executed the noble plan of liberty which his father had 



j 

■ 



OF ENGLAND. 219 

brmed» by reducing the S[Miniards to a necessity of making peace. 
Jpon this the Hollanders concluded a treaty with them> on the 
cx>t of free provinces. He took near forty towns, and as many 
drtresses, and won a considerable number of pitched battles. But 
le strongest proof of his capacity was, his forcing Alexander 
'amese, who had succeeded before in all his enterprises, to raise 
ae siege of 6ergen-op-Zoom. The young nobility and gentry went 
rom all parts of Europe to learn the art of. war under him. Ob. 
3 AprU, 1625, M. 58.» 



CHRISTIANUS, PostUlatus Episcopus Halber- 
^tadiensis, DuxBrunvicensis,&c. badge of the Garte7\ 
Yandyck p. R. Van Voerst so. h. sh. There is also a 
frint of him engraved by Payne, 4to. 

Christianus, dux Brunvicensis, &c. M. J. Mire- 

vtlt; Delff, 1623. 

Christianus II. &c. neat; Ato. H.Hondius, 1623, 

Christianus, 8cc. on horseback ; thirty-eight views 
of cities, Wesberg, S^c. 

Christianus, &c. in a square, with hat and feather. 



* The following story is told by Barclay in his ** Icon Animonim.'' Prince 
Hanrice, in an engagement with the Spaniards, took twenty-four prisoners, one of 
wbom was an Englishman.! He ordered eight of these to be hanged, to retaliate a 
fike sentence passed by Archduke Albert npon the same number of Hollanders. 
The fate of the unhappy Ticlims was to be determined by drawing lots. The 
Esglisbman, who had the good fortune to escape, seeing a Spaniard express the 
ttrangest symptoms of horror when it came to his turn to put his hand into (he hel- 
■et, offered for twelve crowns to stand his chance. The offer was accepted, and 
be was so fortunate as to escape a second time. Upon being called a fool for so 
pfesomptuoosly tempting his fate, he said, he thought he acted very prudently; for, 
''as he daily hacarded his life for sixpence, he must have 'made a good bargain in 
iCBtoring it for twelve crowns." 



t His name was George Hasjewood* 



220 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

in a border of military mm exerdnng. Sm. Pass ; rare, 
andcuiiffut. 

Christiaxcs, &c. m armour, with a truncheon; 
three Latin lines. Peter Isselberg scuipsit et excud, 

Christia.vl's, &c. small, with inscription in English. 

CbristiBii II. duke of Bnioswick, was a mao of courage aod abi- 
lity; but unfortunate in hia attachment to the King of Bohemia,* 
in whose defeats and distresaee he had some ^are as an ally, and 
much more from a motiTe of commUeratioa, as he was warmi; in 
his interest. He was totally defeated by the imperialists in ihe 
battle of Hockstet, and gained as complete a victory over the 
Spanish army commanded by Don Frandsco de Corduba. He 
lost an arm as he was bravely 6ghting in the field, which occa- 
sioned his wearing an artificial one of silver. Ob. 1626. 



Cardinal BARBERINI, and his three nephei^; j 
viz, Francisco, and the twoAntonios. Camass. deltn. 
Greuter incid. whole lengths ; h. sh. 

Urban VIII. S. Vouet p. C.Mellansc. 

Urban VIII. Richardsmi. 

Urban VIII. with emblem. Johannes van MichettA 
exc. 1623. 

Urban VIII. in an ornamented oval ; two Laiiit 
lines,- 1623. Sim. Passcsus sculp. Crisp. dePasseje. 
scarce. 

Urban VIII. English inscription, 1623; sold h^ 
Roger Daniell. 

• He was unc of the romulic a Jmiret; of ll.c Qnceo of liohemin 



OF ENGLAND. 221 

Maffeo Barberini was famous for the yariety of his learning, 
and the eleganpe of his genius. He was protector of the Scots 
natioii^* -and held his protectorate by the same charter by which 
the popes themselves hold their supremacy. Upon his advance- 
ment to the papal chair, he assumed the name of Urban Vtll.; 1625. 
and, after the example of Sixtus V. his patron, made a strict in- 
quiry into abuses which had been committed long before.f In 1626, 
he consecrated the great church of St. Peter with such pomp and 
solemxiity, as had scarcely ever been seen before in Rome itself. 
He took the Corinthian brass from the roof of the Pandieon, with 
which Was made the high altar of St. Peter's, and a large cannon. 
Tins occasioned the famous pasquinade, '' Quod non fecerunt Bar- 
bari, fecerunt Barberini." All his nephews were made cardinals, 
and indeed whatever else he was able to make them ; he having 
carried nepotism to a greater height than any of his predecessors. 
His Latin poems were republished by Jos. Browne, A. M. 1726 ; 
8Y0.t Oi 29 July, 1644. 



AMBASSADORS TO JAMES I. &c. 

MAXIMILIAN DE BETHUNE, &c, Edelinck sc. 
A. sh. 

Maximilian DE Bethune, due de Sully. E.de 
Bois, 1614. 

* Rycaat's " Lives of the Popes/' p. 273. He was also protector of the English 
nation.} 

t This occasioned the following pasquinade : The statue of St. Peter, on the 
Ividge of St. Angelo, was equipped with a pair of spurs; the opposite statue of 
St Paul was supposed to ask him whither he was going. His answer was, " From 
Home u fast as possible ; as I expect to be called to an account for denying my 
auter." . St. Paul replied, " I will not be long after you, as I am as likely to be 
^oettioned for persecuting the Christians." 

t The late worthy provost of Queen's College, in Oxford. 



i There are always protectors of these nations in the court of Rome. The article 
of Cardinal Barberini may therefore be cancelled. Dod, in his " Church History," 
p. 59, mentions the presents of pictures which the cardinal sent to the queen, and 
Ibe two secretaries of state, Cottington and Windebank, in acknowledgment ^f their 
favoars shewn to the distressed Catholics. 

VOL. II. 2 G 



I 



322 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Maximilian, Sec. St. Aub'm; Ckaice. 
Maximilian, &c. De Boys ; De la Hove ; \9U. 

Maximilian, &c. F. Pourlms ; A. de Marcait^. 

Maximilian, &c. Svo. F.Pourbus; Veriti. 

Maximilian ile BclUune, marquis of Roeni, and afterward duke 
of Sully, was sent ambassador from Henry IV. of Fnuice, In 
James I. upon his accession to tlie throne. He was jiiatlf V^ 
brated for liis great bdustry atjd capacity ; and was rather ^i uili- 
male friend and confidant of liis master, than his prime miniila. 
He had a more tender veg;ard for the lame of that prince, tbaii tie 
had himself; ventured to oppose his most violent passions, wben 
derogatory from hi^ honour or interest ; and even dared to teirin 
pieces, before his (kce, the marriage contract which he had prqiBjed 
for the Marchioness of Verneuil, witli whom he was deeply en- 
amoured.* He may be esteemed the author of the excellent Me- 
moirs which bear his name, which were written by his secretoy, 
from his conversation. There is a good translation of them by 
Mrs. Charlotte Lennox. He died the 21st of Dec. 1641. See tbe 
Appendin to tbe former reign. Art. Hen, IV. 

Messire ANTHOINE RUZl5, marquis Deffiat, &c. 
6tant ambassadeur extraordinaire en Angleterre; 
o>i ii fit le marriage de Mad. Henriette de France; 
large 4to. 

Anthoike CoEFFiEU RusK, msFquis D^at. 
■L. Boisscvin sc. 

Count GUNDAMOR (or Go.vdamqr), anUrasst 
dor from the King of Spain. S. Pass sc. 4to. 1624.t 



■■ " Memoirs of SoUj," vol. ii. Bvd. |i. S9I. 

t The first imprelslDih of (bii print is dedicaled to Philip IV, of Sptin, in Ltlin. 
TliBI nas enaei, and Gandflnior's aame and litle inserted in Engliih. Soldbf 



1 




;if: 

I.. 

[! 



r.: 

I 



OF ENGLAND. 223 

\ 

Another^ tvhok lengthy imcribed, " Gentfi I^^nmice 
zcusy^ from the second part of " Vox Popul^f Ati^, 

Count GoNPAMOE ; whole lengthy fuU dress. JR. 
^oper. 

Count GoNDAMOR ; oval, l2mo. S. Pass. 

Count GoNDAMOR, JSt. 54, 1622. W.Pas^. - 

Count Gonsamoe; maU W. Bichardsojf. 

There is a portrait of him at Hampton-court, another at J9atfle]d- 
use, and a third in the collection of Mr.W^ilpoile. That at! 
impton-court was, when I saw it, inscribed with a iftoxkg nam^ 
some modern painter or picture-cleaiier. 
Gondamof, who "became ail things to all nien** for |M}lil9ea! 
rpo^eSy might have been represented with a loolijng-glass' in his 
ndy as St. Paul is at Versailles.* He spoke. iL^tin with King 
mes; drank widi the tCing of Denmark, his bfotber-in-law;f 
1 assured the Earl of Bristol, when he i^as ambassador at Ma- 
d, that he was an Englishman in his heart. He wa$ also very 
llant to the ladies, to whom he frequently made presents. There, 
rhaps, never was a man who had so much art as Gondamor, witft 
little appearance of it. 

ALBERTUS Princeps, Com. Aremberg. Van- 
ckp. Bolsvert sc. h. sh. 

AirBERTus^ &c. comes Aremberghse, &c. on horse- , 
ck. Vandyckp. Petrus du BalliufecU; sh. 

Vj»e original picture, which is in Vandyck's best manner, is. at 
4kham. 

' Uadcr the fign^ Are tbese w«r4?> eqji^ll^ adapted, to ..the glast, and U)e 
«tle : "X becaip^ all thiogs* to all n)en." 

He is said to bivfe been an overmatch for the King of Denmark in dtlnking t 
sit lie was in Xrig^and. He win undoubtedly an ovennatch f6r Kiog Jmms in 



^ Howel's " Letters," 8vo. p. 35*-2. 



224 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Prince. D'Arembbrg; in an octagon. Vandt/ckf, 
E. Scriven sc. 

Prince JXKKE'b/iBi.viG^on horseback ;^heet. A.v.Dj/ck; 
R. Earloniy 1 783. 

Prince D'Aremberg. VanDyck; A. Birrdl ; in 
*' Memoirs of Grammont,'' 1809. 

Count d'ArenHberg, a man equally qualified for the business o( 
war or peace, was sent into England as ambassador from the Arch- 
duke Albert, about the same time with the constable of Castile, 
who was charged with an embassy from the King of Spain. The 
view of both was, to establish a peace between the Spanish' and 
English crowns, which had long been in a state of hostility. It was 
rumoured, that this negotiation was rendered effectual at the ex- 
pense of an infinite sum distributed about the court, though the 
king was ever inclined to listen to pacific measures. Sir Anthony 
Weldon informs us,* .that the conspirators in favour of Arabella 
Stuart privately " dealt with Count Aremberg, to negotiate with 
the archduke to raise an army and invade England, and they would 
raise another of Papists and malecontents,'' to dethrone James. The 
count was too good a politician to pay any serious attention to SQ 
wild a proposal. 

PALLE ROSENKRANTZ,Signeur de Krenerup. 
A. F. (olkema) fecit ; a small bust, in Hofmans book 
before mentioned. 

Rosenkrantz, who was a good soldier and statesman, was, in the 
year 1612, sent into England by the King of Denmark, in the cha- 
racter of envoy to James the First. The next year, he attended 
his royal master, in his visit to the English court. In 1626, and 
the following year, he was dispatched hither as ambassadOT extra- 
ordinary, and was greatly honoured and favoured by the king. 



♦ '• Cauft ^nd Cliarackr of King James/' p. 33. 



JOHN OLDEN BARNEVELT (ambassador from 
the states of Holland), R. Elstracke sc. 

John Olden Ba^nevelt ; mezz. Ato. 

Barnevelt, a man of great abilities, and in some respects compa- 
rable to the celebrated De Wit, had long the chief administration 
of afeirs in Holland. He, at the head of the Arminian party, which 
was very powerful, opposed the interests of the house of Orange, 
and excited die fears and jealousies of the people, by representing 
to them the danger their civil and religious liberties were in from 
the excessive, power lodged in the prince, fiut, by the address of 
Maurice, that faction was soon suppressed, and Barnevelt and his 
adherents, of whom Grotius was one, were committed to prison. 
B^mevelt^wiMS soon executed ; but Grotius, after some, time, escaped 
in a ches^ which his wife pretended was full of books. Beheaded, 
1618. 

HUGO GROTIUS ; M. 49, 1632. M. MiereveU ; 
W. bdf. 

-Hugo Grotius. F. Hals; T. Matham. 

Hugo Grotius. Houbraken, 

Hugo Grotius. Suyderhoef. 

There is a print of him before his '^ Annotations,'* &c. which has 
been several times copied : this represents him considerably older 
than his portrait after Hanneman. 

Grotius began to write elegant verses at an age when . children 
are usually learning to spell. His various talents as a poet, a critic, 
a civilian, and a commentator, are known to all the leamed^world. 
He has, in his excellent book ''On the Truth of the Christian Reli< 
gion,'' r^aced. into a narrow compass, the arguments which lay 
scattered and diffused in other apologists, .and has ad4ed mapy.of 
his own."*^ He was sent into England in behalf of the remonstrants, 



' This book, which was written in Latin, daring his imprisonment, well deserves 
the perusal of all sach as read for conviction. 



226 BlOQKAfnWAh HISTORY 

who diote a looit aUe «dToeate to plead their canm, Gtotiiis was 1 1 
a great master of the Arminiaii eoDtroTeny ; bat was, for too for- 
ward a dispby of his arguments on this sulgect, censured by i^b- 
bisly>p Abbot as a conceited pedant. See the archUAop's klter, 
which is of curious remark, in ^ Biog. Brit** toL i. p. §•* He died 
8 Aug« 1645. 

There isn print of a Dutch deput;jr or enToy, wiAi 
the following inscription. I know nodung of his per- 
sonal history. 

'' Effigies REGNERI PAUW, equitis in coi^essv 
orduium generalium jRsderati Bdg^ depv^ti ad 
Magnae Brit. R^iem," 8cc. Ranertein p. Tkeod. Ma- 
tham sc. ruff^sqtuzrfi beard; h. sk\ 

Regnieb Pauw, sitting in a chair; foL J. Mytens; 
T. Matham. 

% ft < • 

ALOYSIUS CONTARENOt (ambassador from 
Venice to James I.) Vorsterman sc. 

" Aloysius Contareno, eques, patricius Venetus, 
extraordinarius ad pacis tractatus universalis^ legatus 
et mediator." A van Hullep. P. deJode sc. h* sh. 

A descendant of the same hxaAj was Doge of Venice when Mr. 
Ray was in Italy. His head, by Faithome, is in the first editioQ 
of Ra/s « Travels," 8vo. J673. 

TgMANUEL DE METEREN. EstneX de Bmh- 
noU f. In the ^^ Academk des Sciences,' Brua;eUeSj 
torn. i. />. 189, fol. 1682. 

* See ffl90 Bishop Warbarton*s remarks ou this letter, in Pope's works, before he 
was a bishop. — Bikolet. 
t Soroctitnes written Contariui. t Sometimes written ESme. 



6t BMGiASto; 227 

Emancel de Meteren ; tvx> Latin Unes. 
£hanu£I. de.Meteren; in FreheruSy p. 1^7, 

Emanuel de Meters, a natire oC Antwerp, and a man, of coa« 
jnderable learnings but bred to merchandise, was consul for the 
Flemings in England, in the reign of James I. Ete acquitted him- 
self with spirit and ability in this employment, and wrote an ample 
ydume of the treaties of commerce which formerly subsisted be- 
tween the English nation, the house of Burgundy, and the states 
of Holland, His capital jperformance is a '' History of the Tron- 
Ides of »the Low Countries," which did him much honour, and is 
translated into various languages. He lies buried in the church of 
St Dionis, in London, where a monument was erected to his me- 
mory by his rehct. He died the 8th of April, 1612. See Strype's 

edition of " Stow," book ii. p. 153. 

• 

The heads of the five following persons, who were 
tojoumers in the university of Oxford, represent 
^hem older than when they were in England. 

- METHROPHANES CRITQPULUS (or Crito- 
*TLU8), &c. in the " Continuation of BoissardT Ato. 

Metrophanes Critopulus ; Ato. Heydon. 

.......... . , . . . , 

Metrophanes Critopulus, ^t. 38, 1627 ; ttvo 
-X^in Unes. 

^^ HetfOphanes Critopylus, a native of Greece, came into England 
^ Ardibishop Abbot's time, with a view of being instructed in the 
WMnne and disdpline of onr church. Upon his arrival, be ad- 
W^Nsed himself to that prelate, who placed him in Baliol College, 
^ei^ he studied the Latin and English tongues. In 1622, he 
^^imad into bis own country ; and upon Cyrill's advancement to 
^^ patriarchate of Constantinople, he succeeded him in that of 
^'^ttndria. Ob, 1658. He is said to have been the author of 



228 BIOGRAPHICAL HHITORT 



Chnit the '' ConfeMkm of Faith,'' pablithed in QmA, 
*«*^ name of CyrilL See « Adiem Owm,*' 



• ^ • 



7%ere is an octavo print, aigraved by ]URchad Too- 
dergucht, mscribed KYPIAAOS^ Sfc. which was certatnif 
done/or Critopulus. It is prefixed to ** C^lectaneait 
Cyritio Lucario P. C. Auctore Tho. Smtho,'* Lu4. 
1707, 8w» 

LtTDOVICtTS CAPELLUS, V^ D. M.'&c. ajm 
head m the' manner of Nantual; fronlitfiect to k» 
" Nbta CriticainVa.Test.'' Amstel. 1689; ./ok. ' 

LiJDOvicus Capellus ; in the ^* Athen BatM. 

Capellus, a native of Sedan, was regarded as a yoong man of 
great hopes when he studied at Oxford. He hec^une afltenrani 
professor of divinity, and of the Hehrew language, in the Protestant 
university of Sauraur, in France; and had the honour of being 
tutor to die celebrated BocharL His << Crkita Sacra*' is commended 
by Grotius. He was also author of ** Historia Ecclesiastics, 
Cent. V.'* Sedan, 1622^ 4to. and other learned works. In his 
" Arcanum Punctuatioms reveiatunif** he proves the novelty of die 
Hebrew accents, against the two Buxtorfs. This book made great 
noise in the world. f He died in 1658. 



* It appears from Sir Thomas Roe's ** Negotiadoos/' that tboogh be had net ' 
vUb'haadsoaie treatmeBt in England, be was jostiy cenaared by Archbishop AfiiboC, 
at least tor his iogfatitade4 'The prelate obserres, that all the Greeks that cone 
bither a-begg^g are rascals. Erasmus Schmidios, in his excellent book, entitled 
** Aote et Ammadversiones in Nauum Testamentum" Norimberge, 1658, fi>l. pays a 
veiylii^ compliment to the learning of Critopoloa; See more'of binb the 
" BUiwOuea Ortua" of Fabricius. 

t " What an uproar," says Dr. Bentley» '* once was there, as if all were foM .^ 
and undone, when Capellus wrote one book against the antiquity of the HdMar ! 
pohits« and another for yarious lections in the Hebrew sext itself? and yet tune aai 
experience has cured those imaghiaiy fears; and the great author, in Ids gra«e,Mi* 
now that btnoor universally, which the' few only of his own age paid bini WM ', 

t See Sir T. Roe's - Negotiations^" p. 102. iV^l. 213. 253. 320. 373. 488. 



Y , ; • OF ENGLAND. ■ r 229 

SAMUEI. BOeHARTJUS, Rotoinagcn^s, &c. 

frantisp. to fds ^^ Hierozokan r^fal^ ^ ' . > 

Samuel BoCHabtus ; large 4to. F^ V. S(ihuppeHy 

. ^^ '^ ^^ •. t**^ 

' ' Samiiel Bochart was.ihdd^ted^to the university of Chcfordy wheire 
hewas-sbme tiine a sojourn^^ foif part of that immense -stodc of 
leamihg which he possessed. His *^ Geo^phia sacra/' hk iTH^* 
lozoicon/' and other ingenious and elaborate works, are, and wUl 
be, in great esteem among the learned ; especially such as study 
the Scriptures in their original langus^s. It is harder to say 
what he was ignorant of, than.what.he,knew ;. but he particularly 
excelled in oriental' learning.* He was many years pastor of a 
church at Caen^ in Normandy, where he was tutor to Went worth 
Dillon, earl of Roscommon, author of the ** Essay on translated 
Verse." 0^. 1667. A complete edition of his works was published 
b Holland, in two volumes fol. 17 12, 



• ANDREAS RIVETTUS, &c. JSf. 50, 1623. 

Another y by Van Meursi before his Works ^ fol. 1651. 

Andreas Rivettus, Mt. 59, 1631. H. Hondius; 
Jm. . 

Andreas Rivettus ; in the ^ Athen. Batav^ 



, 7 



Andreas Rivettus ; in Freherus, p. 53, No. 25. 



«live." Pbileleatberas Lipsiensis on Freethinkiiig, part i. p. 63. . It.evidentlf ap- 
iMtriy that the sacred text has been cleared and improved Iry the Varibos readings. 
fe the excellent '* R^niarks" of Capellus on thb subject ; or see Jenkin on the 
Christian BteUgion, Yol, ii. p. 136--8, ^dit. 1700. « 

* Dr. Hakewill, who was contemporary with Bochart, speaking of the knowledge 
Iff die oriental languages, obserres, *' that this last centorj afforded more skiifol 
mm that way, than the other fifteen smce Christ"-^" Apology/' p. 9€0, second 
edit. 1630. . . \ . 

VOL. II. 2 H 



2ad BIOGRAPHICAL RfllTORT 



I 



Andiew Rhwt^ a Smieh ProlMtint, and IXD. tiC«U unhmtj ., 
of Leydeo, was admitted to tba Mine degree in Hiat d OjcM^ L 
1631 ; and was afterward chosen professor of diTinity at Lqrderu I 
I|a was versed inllieluiow]edgeofmeB|fasweaasbooks;.trsns- ! 
acted the most important affiurs for those of his own commmiai^ . 
and presided in several synods is France. Dr. Modey, aftierwaid* 
tpsbop of W]Dcbester». was particnlaily aoqnainted wiA him nhen 
be was abroad* . He died in IS^yi^ the seremtji-ei^flL jm 4 
his age. Hin cQOMiieiitazi^ on the Sorqptnrasy an^.HJl.paliwirrf 

pia(Bes»arethenips$coiwdenibleofhiair9rki; which w;eie,pqatl4 
at Qotterdaip, dia year a^ hiad^atlb in.thr9e vplovaa-fiilk)^ 

PmLIPPUS CLUVERUJS^ &c. jgf.40. Btfm 
Idi " ItaSa Antiqua;*' fal. 1624. 

This celebrated person was not only better acquainted with the 
geography of the world than any man of his time, but seems also 
to have been better skilled in the langui^es of it;, he being able 
to speak no less than ten. The fame of Dr. Prideaux, and Dr.Hot 
laAdyOf Exeter. College, brought him to Ox^rd, where he wrote 
part of his works, of which there is a catalogue in the *^ Athens 
Oxonienses.'^ He died at Leyden, 1623. 



ERNESTUS, princeps & comes Maosfddiae, ^c. 
Vandj^k p. R. van Voerst sc. h. sh. 

Afudker by Delaramy 4to. 

Ernest, count Mansfeld. M. Jktireveltf Ddff^ 
1622*; sheet. 

* 

Ernest, count Mana£dd ; Ata. P. Stent exev 

'\ fS^NEST, count Miamsfeld; wc Latin lines ^ Peter 
Isselberg ; Jine^ and scarce. 



. OF BMaLANlX 28t 

E&KEST, count MwaOeid; Ato. Sm. Pmunts x. 

Ern£8t, count Mansiidd; four Latin lines; neat^ 
inthe^fkofWiertx. 



CclittiC Mansfddy an aMe, di0«g^ -aa imfoHniiate geneMd, came 
IbCo Wnj^aad in tfiis teiga, irbere he reoehred tiie cooiiBaad of an 
ai«y«f twelve thoasand men, ^ the fecaveiy of Oe Pahtkiale; 
iMit, ''the ttoopd being denied a passage ihnmgfh France, te 
greater patt of AeiD peii^hed abroad.'^ The most distingdshed 
«(lkni of the eonnfs life was fhe nobk retreat .whidi be made iridi 
aH hn horsie, after the dear-bongfat yictory of the Spanish amijr 
eommanded by Don Gonzalez de Cordova. Tbu occasioned the 
celd^ated Spinola,to his mortification and disgrace, to raise the 
siege of Bergen, to bnrn his tents, and retire with piecipitaftioa. 



FREDERIC RANTZAU* Folkema sc. a muM 
heady in HoffmofCs ioak. 

Frederic Rantzau, lord of Aasdal, a man accomjAished by arts, 
leamiog, and the knowledge -of mankind, a poKte courti^, and a 
gallant soldier, came into England in the early part of his life, in 
tbe course of his travels* After he had seen the greater part of 
Earope, his cariosity carried him into the eastern countries. He 
particularly deserves to be remembered for his piety, and diaritjr, 
of which some signal instances are enumerated by his biegn^phc^* 
Ob. 14 Jan. 1645, JEt. 55. 

HOLGER ROSENKRANTZ, &c. A. F. /. In see ^j 

XT /r p«gB 157. 

Hoffman. - 

Holger Rosenlorantz, loi^ of Glimnnnge, after he had finished 
^ stndies> attended Christian Friis de Borreby, ^ Danish am^ 
^Hiasador, into England, at the accession of King James. He had 
^^veial commands in the Danish .iffiiiiy, and was esteemed a good 
•<4dier. 06.1647. 

* SaliiKW. ^ 



282 BIOGRAPHtCAL BISTORT 

'' ABRAHAMUS SeWTBtVS.'OKakogas, Aidii- 
pahtiintt; m tke **Cmtiiauaim <f Beitaardr full 

AbmauAm Sci'LTETDS; Ut Frcktnu. 



i.WH ■mill I mil nil 
6«or of difioilT mt Hdddbeig, HMngmiheJ hnatf gn"^ ^ 
bit ■lUiugf agafaut the Aimmians, whom be ende i q w cd in ni 
lo neondle with their anlagouist* at the bjikmI of Dort. He m 
MMdi in foTonr with Frederic, dector pnlliae, faavic^ derated 
JWb mmiatry in the Palatinate, fa 1612, he attended diat {xilice 
into England,* where be became acqnainted with the moat embeal 
it. our learned men. He was londly accuaed of adrintig Fredeoc 
%6 acc^t of the cfdwti of B<dienita. Certain it ia, that he bi^J 
^iprtfred 6f hit inaotpicious chnce; and, like all thoae who vete 
cIcMelj connected with him, had a deep ahaie in bb nmfoitDBea. 
06. '24 Oct. 1625. Calmet, though a RraDao Catholic, extols blm 
(Of bii great knowledge, moderation, and piety. He has wiitlea 
learnedly and ably on the divine right of episcopacy. See "11^ 
lation det Mtiuret pour introduire la Utargie Anglieahe dant It Bo- 
aante dt Pram," a Londrtt, 1767, 4to.-p. 75. There is a parDcU- 
lar account of hia life in Fuller's " Abel redivkus." 



FESTUS HOMMIUS, S. S. Theol. D. ColL '^f 
Thcoi. ill. Ord. Regens ; Ato. in " Athen. Bat." 

I'^.STUs HoM-MiLs, M. 44, 1620. D. Bailk !^ 
W. I. Delff. ^ 

Festus HoMMius; in Frekerus, p. 494, No.2i- ';-^' 

Festus Hommius, a Dutchman, distinguished himself by his po- 
lemical writings ag&inat the Papists and Arminians. He vu 
secretary at the synod of Dort, theaets of which he was deputed 
by the states of Holland to carry to King James. He was graai- 

• Woiid infornn us dial lie iiw a lojouinei al Oiford, aboul tb* y«»i iWt ^.^ 



OF ENGLAND. ^ 233 

1 

»usly receired by his ^B^gesty^* and bad fiarticular respect 'slietvti 
lim by some of the greatest personages in the kingdom; and a 
loctor*s degree ^vcas conferred on him by jthenniyersity of^Oxford. 
lis ideas of dress seem to have been perfectly Low Dutch ;! as lie 
^ore a pair of green stockings when he was incorporated doctor of 
livinity. - He^ died the 5th of July, 1642, aged sixty-six years and 
lix months. ' 



•x 



THOMAS ERPENIUS, Arabicse Linguae Pro- 
fessorj 4to. in " Athen. Bat.*' 



' ♦ 



Thomas TSiRPEinivs ; in Freherus. 

Thomas Erpeniusy a natives of • Gorcum, in Holland , was very 
highly and jusUy celebrated for his knowledge as an orientalist. 
He travelled into England, France, Italy, and Germany,^with^a 
^ew of improving himself in this branch of science. He had par- 
ticular reason to believe that he should have been invited to settle 
bere upon very advantageous terms ; but he was appointed pro- 
fessor of Arabic and other eastern languages, at Leyden. He died 
of the plague, 13 Nov. 1624, and, by order of the university, was 
honoured with a funeral oration, by his friend, and colleague, 
ferard John Vossius. All his works have some relation to ori- 
ental learning. 



PETRUS CUNiEUS, Juris Professor (in Aca- 
iemia Leidensi), 4/(?. in " Athen. Bat'' 

Petrus Cunveus ; in Freherus. 

. Peter Cuneeus, virho was also, a Dutchman, was eminently skilled 
^ the civil law. He, in the early part of his life, was in England, 
4iitheriie attended Ambrose Regemorter, his kinsman. .During 
1^ stay in. this country, he, in one summer, accurately . read . over 
lomer, and most of the Greek poets. He was twice rector of the 
diversity of Leyden. His book * * JJc Kcpuhlica H€brceprum*\ is Jiis 
Hiicipal work. 



3^ BIOQHAPHICAL HISTORY 

TAGB, or FAGpN. THOTT ; « MMtf iiM<. J^ae/. 

In Huffman. 

Hiu geBtleman visited the Eaglish court, as a trsveller, id the 
mgn<rfJuBe*, and was received with great marks of distincdoB 
h^ hk quecD. lie CEune hither a second time, io the same reigiii 
witb Mr. Hemic Rammel, the Danish ambassador, aod returned 
iKMBe with Ouistian IV. who retained him as gentleman of liis 
court. He was afterward employed in several embassies, anil 
made lord of Ericaholm, knight of the order of the Elephant, and a 
■enator of die ki ngdom. He founded several hospitals in his iife- 
time, and died, full of years and of honour, in I6S8. 

NICOLAUS CLAUDIUS FABRICIUS dc 
Peiresc, senator Aqaensis. CMeliansc. small h.sh. 
There is a heed of him, by Gaywood, before Dr. Reads 
Translation of his Life, by Gassendut: Gayviood's frid 
appears to have been copied from the head before his 
JAfe, written in Latin, and printed in 1665, ^to. Thtn 
is also a head of him after a painting of Vandyck. 

Nic. Claud. Fed. de Peiresc; Ato. J.Liibirt. , 

Nicolaus Claudius Fabricius, lord of Peiresc, a finished scholai, | 
an accomplished gentleman, and an amiable and beneficent mail, >i 
discovered a very early attachment to nil useful and polite learn- '» 
ing; which was desired by him as his food, and pursued asliii 
business and recreation. Knowledge, in him, was a radioitM r 
habit; and the manners and customs of the ancients were as rani- L 
h*ar to him as to a citizen of Athens,' or of Rome. Hewas* , 
communicative as he was knowing, and his literary stores i 
treasures of the public. Few books have been published in FranW ■ 
that have any relation to classical antiquities, or those of that Idnf '_ 
dom, but have been the better for him; and he has greatly » , 
riclied the valuabls works of Montfaucon. He deserves particiilH ^ 
commendation for his skill in botany, and other branches of Batnflf ^ix 

• He ws) (lie only perjon of Etjs liinc wlio cuuld read and explain the OkA' 
niKilali. i'aliii's "Travels," p, HI. 



Bt- it 1 
IfflM 



I 



OE BNGLANDU 235 

I. In 1606, he came to l^nglaod, where he Timled.Sir 
Saville, Sir Robert Cotton, Dr. Raphael- Thorias^ his Qoun-^ 
,* Camden, John Barclay, Matthias Lobel, John Norden^ 
lef p«»ons of eminence. He died at Aix, in Provencef the 
rJune, 16S7.t^ The massacre of a multitude of his papers 
is death, by some of his near relations, is mentioned by the 
I wi& indignation and regret; they wete applied to the vile 
r heating the oven and boiling the pot. Some have endea- 
to throw ridicule upon his minuter studies ; but he too well 
he connexion between all. kinds of leanung to regard the«a 
oportant in their consequences.^ GassendUs, another oma- 
)f France, has given us. his Life in detail. This is one of 
Lelightful works, which exhibit a striking likeness of a great 
od man at full length, and shew every feature and fold of 
ipery in the strongest and clearest light. 

)NSTANTINE HUYGENS. Vandifck p. Vor- 
un sc. h. sh. 

iNSTANTiNE HuYGENs; mczz. W. Vaillant ; 
loqtiling. F 

NSTANTiNE HuYGENs ; siv Lotin Iwcs^ M.Mi* 
Itpirw. W.Delffsc. 

tijsician settled in London, who was feraous for his Latin poem on tobaccok 
informed, that when Peireso was in company with Dr. Thorias, who seems 
bad as strong an aversion to water as any of the faculty had to physic, he 
orily insisted- on his drinking a health in an enormous glass of wine, 
earnestly desired to be excnsed, as unable to bear so large a quantity, 
would admit of no excuse; he- therefore drank it, but opoii ooodittoh thai 
ler flhould follow hb example, in drinking a health to be proposed by him ioi 
He then filled the samie glass with water, named the health, and presently 
off. Thorius looked like a man thnnderstmelc, sighed deeply, frequently 
his lips to the replenished glass, without resolution to taste it, poured fortii 

of quotations from ancient authors against the innocent element, and thua 
I and trifled for some hours, before he swallowed, by sips, the detested 

This stoiy was told to IQng James, who would, by all means, hear it fron& 
limself, and his majesty was delighted with the relation. V. Gassendns, in 
iereskii,** ad Ann, 1606. 
elegy was written in above forty languages. 

X He miga seria ducunt 

In bona. 



236 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

- CoNSTANTiNrHiiroENs; dMnoZ/Aeoif. A.'v.Dycl 
Gayvjoodsc. 1664 ; scarce. 

CoNSTANTiNE HoTGENs. A. Yondi/ck.; .P. PoMius. 

., CoNSTANTiNE HoYGENS ; ovoL C. (fc Visscker. 

iSir Constantine Htty^ns, ds we are iDformed by Sir John Finet,' 
' wai ia England in the latter end of King James's reign. He came 
lutbei: aboQt the year 1622, -with the Dutch ambassadors, and was 
■ecretary to the embassy. It appears that he was more than arns 
here in a public character. He was father of Constantine Huy^ns, 
one of the greatest geniiues of his age, whom he instructed in aiilh- 
metic, mathematics, music, atid geography. 

SIMON VOUET, Parisiensis Pictor. F. Pern 
feat; h. sh. 

JTiere is another print of him by Voerst. 

Vouet, who, in his day had a multitude of admirers, thotigli aott 
deemed an Insipid mannerist, taught the manual practice of painting 
to some of the greatest geniuses that France ever produced. He 

was undoubtedly in England in this reign,+ having been sent froa 
Paris to draw the portrait of some lady of distinction. Charles li* 
First was vory desirous of engaging hira in his service, Ob. !64i, 



As GERARD MERCATOR published a curious. 
map of the British Isles, it has been presumed that 
he was in England. I find no direct proof of it. 
There are various prints of him. 



" Philauaii," p. 116. 119. 

See bis " Life," by EerrauJt. See alio " Anecdote] oCPabUsg," ii- p- !>''■ 



OF ENGLAND. 287 



_ \ 



CHARLES I. 



iGAN HIS REIGN THE 27th OF MARCH, ISiS: 



CLASS L 

THE ROYAL FAMILY. 

lROLUS, &c. D. Mytens p. Jac. Delphiiu se, 
; sheet. 

lARLES the First, &c. Vandyck p. Vertue se. 
*avedfor RapirCs '* History y' foL 

original, at Hampton-court, is a whole length, in coronation 
and has a more melancholy air than the print.* 

lARLEs I. Vandyck p. Vertue sc. This belongs to 
^t of Loyalists; h. sh. 

lARLES I. Vandyck p. R. Williams/, h. sh. mezz. 

lARLEs I. Vandyck p. F. Place f. Ato. mezz. 



Qong the numerous prints of Charles L I have scarcely seen one that is not 
I ; which I impute to that peculiarity of aspect which struck Bernini when 
his portrait, and which he called " unfortunate." I knew a man who could 
s likeness on the head of a stick, that could never hit the fbatures of any 
^rson. De Piles tells us, that he saw a bust of Charles in wax, done by the 
ed blind sculptor of Cambassi, in Tuscany, and that it was very like. As 
I was suspected to be an impostor, the Duke of Bracciano obliged him to 
is head in a cellar, and he executed it with bis asoal sucpess. S«e DftPile'i 
iples of Painting," p. 900, et seq. 
. II. 2 I 



238 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Carolus, &c. Vafdjfckp. His left hand is en a 
large globe; A. sh. mezz. Sold by A.' Browne. 

Carolus, &c. Vanthfck'p. A. B. (Bhotelwg) f. 
mezz. small. 

Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. Smith /. h. sh. mezz. 
twojprints. 

Carolus &c. Vandyck p. Smith f. 4to. mezz. 

Charles I. Vandyck p. Simon f. h. sh. mezz. two 
prints. 

Carolus, kc. from Sir Peter Lelys copy of tk 
celebrated original picture painted by. Sir Anthony Van- 
dyck, which was destroyed by the fire at Whitehall^ 
1697.* J. Faberf h. sh. mezz. In his ear is the pearl 



• This was the picture from which Bernini did his bust, which is said to have been 
destroyed at the same time. The melancholy cast of coantenance* which wti con- 
spicuous in it, appears in the print. It is wortiiy of remark* that all the portraits of 
Charles, by Vandyck, hare more or less of this air, and yet represent him hand- 
somer than those of all other painters, t 

As omens, however founded upon or connected with superstition and creduUtji 
have, in almost every age, had some influence upon great minds, and great cvent^l 
I shall mention the following, as relative to my subject. Carte, in his ** Dfe of the 
Duke of Orroond,"^ informs us, that when the bust of Bernini was carried to the 
king's house at Chelsea,|| his majesty, whh a train of nobility, went to take a view 
of it ; and that, " as they were viewing it, a hawk flew over their heads, with a 
partridge in his claws, which he bad wounded to deAth. Some of the partridge's 



t Thu was not tlie picture sent to Bernini ; that sent was painted on purpose by 
Vandyke, and represented, in one piece, the king's full face, between three parts of 
his face, and his profile. I do not know where the original is^ but Lord Strafibrd 
has a good copy of it, and Mr. Barret^ of I^ea, in Kent, another. — Loiti> Obfosd. 

t See DalrympU's •* Memoirs,'' p. 223» 9U. 

§ Vol. ii. p. 55. 

I In the first vol. of the third coHeotion of Lord Soromtfii' Tracts, p. Sd5, is ■ 
similar story respecting this host — It is there said to have happened M the £ail of 
Arundefs house, at Greenwich. 



OF ENGLAND. 239 

i)hich he camtantljf w>re» Qtidwhkh wm in the coll^im 
f the late Dutchess of Portland, 4ind is authmticated by 
he hand-writing of His granddaughter^ Queen Mary, 
n the following words: " This pearl was taken out of 
%y grandfathers ear after he was beheaded, and given 
the JPrincess^ Royal.'' A print of it was ^graved by 
^ertue. This is the first print which I have seen with a 
tar and garter as part of the dress. 

Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. Faberf Ato. mezz. 

Casio Lus, &c. Vandyck p, P. de Jode sc. sh. 
Another by P. de Jode ; Ato. 

Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. H. Danckers sc. 1645. 

Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. Suyderhoefsc. Idrgeh.sh. 

Carolus &c. Vandyck p. Lofnmelin sc. in armour ; 
u sh. 

Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. J. Meysens ere. Ato. 

Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. R. White sc. sh. 
Charles, &c. Vandyck p. P. a Gunst sc. large h.sh. 



-r^- 



lood fell on the neck of the statue, where it lUways remamed, without beia^ wiped 

The story of the king's trying the Sortes Virgiliarut, and dipping upon the ensuing 
U told PS in $teele> " ^glishmaii/' Np. no. 

*' il99e Hois Friami ^torum* hi<} nitiis lUom 

Sorte tolit, Trojam incensam et prolapsa Tidentem 
Pergama, tot quondam populis terrisque superbum 
Regnatoif ra Asia» ; jacet io^ens Uttore tiuQeos, 
Amlsumque humeris caput, et sine nomine corpus/! 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Carolus, &c. Vandifck p. P.Lombartsc. Onhorst- 
hack; Mans, de St. AtOoine hoidmg hit hdmet; ih* 

■ The original of tliit, and the two following, ia at Bnckinghmn- 
hooK. 

Ghableb I. on horseback ; hat and feather; a 
Phemix in Jiames on the hors^t head; sis EngSth 
verses. Renold Elstracke. Sold by William Peakc; 
rare. 

Cbakles I. when prince ; whole length, standing; 
four EfigUsk verses, " Great Britain is thy Birih' 
^. R. Elstracke; rare. 

Charles 1. small Ato. V.Dyck. L. Vorsterman. 

Charles I. standing by his horse. Van D^ch 
iSfr R. Strange; large sheet ; fine. 

Charles I. small whole length in armour^ crowned; 
arms; Bvo. W. Pea fee. 

Charles I. standing with Prince Charles; small 
whole length ; four verses, " Gaze on, fond world," ^(^ 
G. Glover ; rare. 

Charles I. in armour ; in an oval; 4to. Soldh^ 
R. Peake ; scarce. 

The same, with the address of P. Stent. 

Charles I. standing, in armour; whole kngtk 
sceptre in his right hand, resting on his knee; crmi, 



*c. n^h a list of the army and fwvy under Sr John 
^enmngton;rdre. 

m 

Ghables I. the high and mighty monmrch, &c. 
hole length, in armoury with sash, ^. curiously em- 
roidered; crowned, and truncheon in Ms hand; arms 
f Great Britain. W. Marshall ; scarce. 

Charles I. in an oval; motto, " & vis omma^ Sgc. 
[re to be sold by John Stafford J Sgc. 1633; 4to. 

Charles I. in a hat and cloak ; view of the River 
liames, Westminster Hall, the Abbey, Whitehall, ^c. 
n etching, small folio : scarce. 

Charles &e. and the Duke d'Esperaon (M. de St. 
intoine*). Vandyck p. Baron sc. 



Carolus, &c. Vandyck p. Sympsonsc. sh. Copied from 
iaron; sh. 

Charles I. Voerst p. R.White sc. 

Charles I. on horseback; inscribed, " ITie exact 
yrtraiture of Charles /." Sgc. sh. 



* It appears from Sully's "Memoirs/' that Mons. de St.Antouie, knight of 
•Ita, equeny. to the King of France, was sent to England by that monarch, with 
c hones, as a present to Charles L He had been chief eqoerry to PHnce Heaiy 
[id probably also to Charles), and led a mourning horse at his foneraLt Is it cie- 
ble, that the Dae d*£«pemon should hold the helmet of a king of England I 
The badge of the order of Malta, on St. Antoine's breast, which some ingemons 
tsons have taken for tliat of the Saud Etprit, has contriboted to thb mistake; bat 
e cross of this order is nerer without the doYe« 

t See Birch's " Life of Prince Henry/' The Dutchess of Newcasde, in the Life 
the dnker her busbaod, informs 4is, that he was instructed in bofsemaoship by 
(Hisiear de St. AntoSne, who then lived in the Mews, and was erteeoed tiiegjmt- 
i master of that art. 



242 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Charles I. 0}i horseback; urider the horse w a viev 
of a toumamera; sh. 

Chables I. &c. on korieBack ; Sickmtmd tU a 
^stance. W. Shencin exe. k.sh, 

Charles I. on horseback; 1643; told by Pegk; 
4to. 

Charles I. of blessed memory, in armour; w 
horsebacE 

Charles I. Aw statue at Charing-crost. Hollar f. 
a small sheet. 

This fine statue was sold by the parliament (o John Rivat, i 
brazier in Holborn, who undertook to break it in pieceS) but cb»- 
iiilly preserred it till the restoration. It was set up in GaUdbaU' 
yard, and was tJience removed to Charmg-cross. 

Charles I. on horseback; the horse capering. |' 
Hollar f. h.sh. 

Charles I. on horseback; army at a distance, 1644; -' 
in W. H. (oHar.*) half sheet. 

Charles I. in armour; cannon, Sjc. Hollar f. h.sk \ 

Charles I. Justice crowning him with laurel- 
Hollar f. h. sk. 

Carolus, &c. in a cloak. Hollar f. 12nio. Befert 
" ne Black Tribunal." 



* I am very ciedibt; informed, tliit Ibeic U a print like Ibis, xitli > Ustaf it* 
kiBg*) lervaats on eacli side and beneath : it hat do engimTer'i nanr, ud <* 
" prinled fur Thomai Walk];, opposite York-house, 1639." 



OF ENGLAND. 24a 

Gqarles I. in armour; half length; ground. and 
mments only by Hollar ; sh. 

Charles I. whole length, sitting. W.Passsc. h.sh. 

Charles I. W. M. (Marshal) sc. hat and feather. 

V 

Carolus, &c. a glove in his left hand. W.Mar-^ 
all sc. small h. sh. 

Charles I. on horseback. W. M. sc. 4to. 

Charles roy, &c. Lucas Vosterman sc. h. sh. 

Charles I. whole length ; sitting in his robes ; his 
^ hand on a sphere; small folio. J. Smith fecit. 
. Palmer exc. scarce. 

Charles, by the Grace of God, Prince of Wales, 
uke of Cornwall, &c. m horseback^ prancing ; view 
* Richmond Palace in the back ground ; etching ; 
inner of Hollar ; rare ; in Mr. Totmiley's collection. 

Charles I. in an oval; six English verses^ 



<t 



Though Charles be added to their heaps of slain, 
They cannot prove that Abel murder'd Cain," &cu 

>o. scarce. 
Charles, &c. by Vorsterman; ruff; slashed habit ; 

Carolus, &c. Faithornesc. h.sh. Frontispiece to 
Anderson's '* Life of Charles /." This has been c(q>ied. 

Charles I. in an oval; above is the Church of 
nglandy represented as a matron at the point of deaths 



244 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORT 

with an imcriptian^ in Greeks signifying that nmj 
physicians have killed her. Fait Home sc. It is the titk 
to the '* History of King Charles,*" by H. L. (Hanrn 
L* Estrange) esq. small h. sh. 

Charles I. in an oval; ornaments. N. van Hwi 
invt. C.GaUesc. Ato. 

Carolus, &c. oval; sold by Jenner ; 4to. 

Charles I. &c. /bur English verses, "IPii 
Charles the First calPd great ?" Sgc. 

Charles L oval; ornaments; sold by Fra. Williams; 
Ato. 

Charles I. looking to the left; laced band; collar of 
the Garter^ Sgc. Ato. 

Charles I. large laced band; 9>vo. 

Carolus I. in a cloak. Gaywoodf. 12mo. 

Carolus I. in a cloak; 8vo. Stent. [ 

Carolus I. cloak; in an oval encompassed with ttoo \ 
dragons; h. sh. i 

Carolus I. cloak ; eight verses in High Dutch; 8w. 



Cat^olvsI. cloak. S.Saveryf. 8vo. 



i 



Charles I. oval; in the title to his Works infol \ 
Hertochs sc. 

Carolus 1. pointing to^^Scotica Ecclesia,^' inscribed 
on a terrestrial globe ; 6vo. 



OF BNGLAlriH Ji "^^5 

Gha^l£& L a jsceptrc in his^ right hind, and dlri- 
nt in his left ; : 8vo. 

Charles I. dictating to Sir ^Edward Wdtkery ttho is 
nting on a drum ; sh. 

. ' '■•'>■ ^ ■ . / ' ■ • ■ . V ' • ■- ■ - '' 

Charles I. plat/ing on the harp, like King David. 

^ "■••.■ > 

Carolus, &c. Seb. Merck exc. 4to. 

Charles I. The lively portraiture. ^^ Tacit. Hist, 
ib. 1.^^ in an oval; 8vo. 

Charles I. The high and mighty monarch Charles, 
te king of England; ^c. crown on his head; 8vo. P. 
ent. 

Charles I. Anglia Scotia, &c. crown, sceptre, Sgc. 

10. 

Charles l.from a bust of Bernini. S. Richardson; 
. Harding, 1790. 

Charles I. kneeling, holding a crown of thorns : 
of whom the world was not worthy/^ Ato. mezz. J. 
fnith. 

Charles I. on horseback ; view of London. Daret exc. 

Charles I. on horseback; hat and feather; view of 
le sea;ffmr French verses. Hi David; fol. rare. 

Charles I. standing ; crdwhy sceptre, 8gc. on a table, 
hnning Devilliers. - 

Charles I. fol. Audr an. . 

Charles I. on horseback; view of Edinburgh; fol. 
^an Dalen. 

VOL. II. 2 k 



246 , BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

• CaArtLzs 1. smail oval ; mezz.^ E. iMttrd ,\ Kara. 

Charles I. in an oval, supported by two boys vieep- 
mg, and four historical vignettes; scarce- 

Charles I. in an oval, supported by Wagons; vke 
of his execution; names of his judges; witnesses; ordtr 
of execution, Sgc. AUardt; very scarce. 

Charles I. when prince,, on horseback, with capad i 
feather; a battle, and view of Richmond Palace in tk 
background; four English verses. F. Delaramr rarC' 

Charles &c. R.White sc. k. sh.. 

Carolus, &c. R. White sc, 1685. 

Charles I. Sam. Taylor f tnezz. 

I 
Charles I. Vandergucht sc. Svo. 

Charles I. Strange sc. Engraved for Dr. Smol- 
lett's History ; 8vo. 

Charles I. an anamoiphosis of his head; tohesm 
in a cylindrical inirror ; or held in a horizontal posHiw, > . 
Just below Ike eye; sh. without inscription. ''; 

Carolus I. holding a crown of thorns, and treadii^ • 
on a globe; Fruytirs* del. Hertochs sc. in his Work, '., 
fol. There are several copies of this by Marshall, ^c- ' 

Charles I. inprison; kneeling; the Common Pra^T 
Book open before him; h. sh. ' 

■ Virtue spelt the name IVuiifrji ^, 



OF 1S NOi AN D. ' 247 

1 

•Charles I. as he satin the pretended court pfjus- 
e, Anno 1648.* Done- from the original at Oaford; 
0. mezz. 

Charles 1^ engraved from the sam^e picture ; fron- 
piece to Caul/ield's ^- High Court of Justice.'' B. Head- 
^ sc. 4to. 

Charles I. Sec. two mezzotintoSj by Simon andFaber, 
th the same inscription as the foregoing ; h.sh. 

Charles I. in a high crowned hat, as he is repre- 
nted in the above mezzotintos ; said to be painted by 
indyck ; probably donefrmn a picture of that master, 
d the hat added; view of Westminster, in the manner 
Hollar. S. Saveryf Another of these, without the 
me of Savery. 

Carolus I. in a high crowned hat, and cloak with a 
ir. Vandyck p. J. de Ram e.vcud. neat, smalt h. sh. 

Charles I. putting on the cap^ in which he was 
headed; two prints, large and small 4to. 

<;;harles I. &c. a hand from the clouds holding out a 
own, with this inscription, " Corruptibilem pro incor- 
ptibili.*''\ Faithornef Cooper exc. h. sh* 

Charles I. tvith a white handkerchief in his hand, 
*' a signal to the executioner ; execution at a distance ; 
^cription, ^* Horrible murder f two prints; Ato. one 

Cbarles, who had alwajs a little impediment in his speech, was observed to 
s less of it on his trial, than he was known to have at any other time. 
These are the words of Bishop Juxton to the king, on the scaffold. 



is by Genfwood, but vntlumt hi* Aatne; eight v&sa; 



" Bnt lo a cbaig is drawne, a day is set; 
The ulent lamb is brought, the wolves are met ; 
And Where's the slanghter-house ? Whitehall must be, 
Lately bis palace, now his Cdvarie. 
And DOW, ye senatoTs, is this the thing 
So oft declar'd, is this your glorious king? 
Religion vails herself; and mourns that she 
Is forc'd to own such horrid villanie." 

Charles I. as he appeared on the scaffold, hoMins 
his cap; twelve English verses: once it was caUcd 
Charles, by the Grace of God, S;c. small folio ; etching; 



Charles I. The warrant for his execution; vHh 
view of Whitehall and King-street-gate, numerw 
spectators, guards, S,-c. 4to, 

This unhappy prince carried the regal power to an enormous 
height, at a conjuncture very unfavourable to despotism ; the re- 
publican part of the constitution, in its turn, made as lai^ «■ 
croachments upon monarchy. Hence a violent struggle between 
bberty and prerogative occasioned one of the most calamitous wars 
in the history of mankind. If we consider Charles as a monardi, 
we must, in some instances, give him up to censure; if as an ac- 
complished person, we admire him ; if as a master, a father, and a 
husband, we esteem and love him ; if as a man who bore his mis- 
fortunes with magnanimity, we pity and respect him. He wouW 
have made a much better figure in private hfe, than he did upons 
throne.* Beheaded the 30th of Jan. 1648-9. See Class IX. 

■ The following passage is at the cunclusion of Lilly the astrologer's " lift rf 
Charles 1." " King Charles being dead, and sume foolish citizens going a xboriii 
after liis picture, or image, formerly set up in the Old EicliBnge, the parliamtil 
made bold to take it down, and to eiigr^Te in its place these words : < Eiit TjiU' 
nus Itegum ulttmus, Anno Liberlatii Anglis restitute primo, Anno Dom. IM 
Jan. 30.' For my pan, I du believe lie nm not the worst, but the most unfortunil' 
..ffcinss.'' 



Yk'OrOE.ENtlLAND.:... 
H AR££S I. i» a large star ; hi. shi. 



%i» 



HARLEs I. a small oval, without inscription ; the 

radiated, like that of a saint or martyr ^ dnd sup- 

I to be in a glorijied state. ^ 

Illic, postquam se lutmne puro ■' 

Implevit, stellasque vagas miratur, et astr^,* 
Fixa polis, vidit quanta sub nocte jaceret 
Nostra dies, risitque sui ludibria trunci.* 

LucAir. ^ 

I a curious accojint^ translated from the French, in which afSir 
Stair, ^andfather of the Earl of Stair, confesses himself to 
been the executioner of King Charles I. It id copied in the 
:ly Intelligencer, 1818. 



ENRICA Mk"Rlk, Sec. Daniel Mytens p. Jac. 
whites sc» sh. • 

ARIA Augusta, &c. G. Hondthorst p. Soutman 
lit. Suyderhoef sc . 1643 \ sh. 

ENRiETTA Maria. Vandyck p. P. Soutman 
avit. J. Suyderhoef sc. large h . sh. fine. 



irions and contradictory have been the reports of the disposal of the dead 
f Charles I. It was, doubtless, interred in the collegiate church at Windsor; 
I, by many, supposed to have been removed from the place of interment. It 
:n even said, that it was privately taken up, and buried under the gallows at 
i.t Tlib is sufficiently disproved in ** The History and' Antiquities of Wind- 
'hcre we are informed that the king's coffin, with his name inscribed upon it, 
■tainly seen by Mr. Sewel, a man of probity, and several of his frlendai, when 
&1 vault was opened to inter a still-born child of the Princess of Denmark, 
rd Queen Anne. See " The Hist, and Antiq. of Windsor," printed at Eton, 
tto. p. 363. 428. See also Echard's " Hist, of England," book «. paragr. 
third edit. 



t Sec the " Secret Hist, of the Calve's-head Club," p. 14. 



350-: BIOGRAPHICAL lIIS3*ORT ' 

Henbica Maria. YanAfck .p. -> Glover tc kfgt 
wal; 1640. 

Henrica Maria ; anetclm^. Vandyck p. a Icurd 
branch in her hand. 

Henrietta Maria, consort to King Charles I. 
-Vandyckp. 

Henrietta Maria ; a head only, unfinished. Vm-^ 
dyckp. Hollar f. Ato. 

Henrietta Maria; richly adorned. Vandyckp. 
Fdthorne sc. h. sh. ^fine. 

Henrietta Maria. Vandyckp. P.deJodesc. sh. 

Henrietta Maria. Vandyckp. P.. a Gunst sc. 
whole length; large h. sh. This belongs to a set of 
ten whole lengths on imperial half sheets, engraved 
chi^y from the Wharton collection. The original is at 
Houghton. 

Henrietta Maria* Van Voerst sc. 

Henrietta Maria ; richly dressed^ and ornamented 
. with large pearls ; four French verses, " Reverez 
comme une Deasse,'' Sgc. when princess; large ito. 
Ganiere exc. 

Henrietta Maria, onhorseback: the king, prince, 
Sgc. walking. Daret exc. 

Henrietta Maria, on horseback. David; scarce. 

Henrietta Maria ; small oval ; mezz. E. Lutterell 
scarce. 



OF ENGL'A^K 251 

Henrietta Maria ; small whole lengthy standing 
nth a prince and princess ; arms of France ; four 
verses, ^' Sure Hedven was pleased,' Sgc. G. Glo (ver) ; 
[to. scarce. 

Henrietta Maria ; in a small oval. Sold by 
Robert Peake; scarce. 

Henrietta Maria, richly dressed. N.Vienot fecit. 
r. Valet esc. This . is the same as the one by Ganiere, 
ibove. 

§ 

Henrietta Maria, sitting; Pallas standing by 
her. Hollar f. h. sh. 

. Henrietta Maria ; half length ; crown on a table, 
'unfinished. Hollar f. h. sh. 

Henrietta Maria. Hollar f. 16il ^ large 8vo. 

Henrietta Maria ; oval. Hollar f. \2mo. 

There are two whole lengths which resemble Henrietta 
Ikfaria; one anonymous octavo, belonging to a set of 
Presses by Hollar ; and the other a half sheet, engraved 
^y Ant. de Baillue, after Vandyck. It is inscribed 
* Sancta Maria Magdalena.'' 

Henrietta Maria. Faithornef. Hood, Sgc. in the 
banner of Mellan. 

Henrietta Maria, in a T for deeds, by Faithorne, 
^tU without his name. 

Henrica Maria, &c. small Ato. 



252 BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT 

Henrietta Maria. Loggansc. 

Henrietta Maria, and the three goddessea 
N. Van Horst inv. Cor. Gallef. Ato. 

Henrietta Maria. P. S. (Peter Stcfit) m 
octagon; \2mo. ^ 

Henrietta Maria. Stent; h. sh. 

f 

Henriette Marie^ par la grace, &:c. target. 

Henriette Marie, &c. Moncornet exc. smaUito* 
This belongs to a numerous set of heads of illustrum 
persons, by Moncornet. 

Henrietta Maria, on horseback. H. David f* 
large h. sh. 

Though the beauty and spirit of this amiable princess merited 
all Ihe tenderness which the king her husband had for her, to j 
judgment by no means deserved that deference which he paid to ib 
She was quick ia her resentment, and rash in her resolves ; ni 
frequently precipitated that unfortunate monarch into such met-, 
sures, as his natural prudence and moderation would have caiefnOf 
dechned. Whoever sees her charming portrait at Windsor, iri| 
cease to admire at her great influence over the king.* See.4P 
reign of Charles II. ^ ' 

* Henrietta Maria appeared as a spectator at the Goronation of tbe king her W' 
band, as her bigotry ivoald nqt permit her to partake or assist at our churdi-eel*' 
monies' on that occasion. It was demanded to have the solemnity performed by t^ 
bishops of her own religion. This is not, I believe, mentioned l^ any of our hist^ 
rians. The passage is in Sir John Finet*8 " Fhiloxenis." See p. 169 — 171| ' 
that book. 

In a letter from Lord Kensington, afteiward Earl of Holland, to Charles L wh^ 
prince, be speaks in the highest terms of her singing; of which he was anear-witneflf^ 
by stealing into her apartment when her music-master was with her. " I fbuMl ^ 
true," says he, " that neither her master Bayle, nor any man or woman in Yrwaie^ 
or in the world, sings so admirably as she. Sir^ it is beyond imagination ; that • 
all that I can say of it" 



OF ENGLAND. 253 



PRINCES, AND PRINCESSES, OF THE 

ROYAL FAMILY- 
CHARLES, the first-born son of Charles and 
enrietta, an infant, who died soan after his birth. 
le portrait is in a little book engraved by Hollar 
id Vaughn ; in which are also the portraits of the 
ing. Queen, Prince Charles, Mary, James, Elizabeth, 
ane, and Henry in his cradle- 

He happier yet, who, ptivileg'd by fate 
To shorter labour and a lighter weight, 
Received but yesterday the gift of breath, 
Order'd to-morrow to return to death. — PrioH. 

Charles, prince of Wales, veri/ young. W. Vail- 
mtf. small Ato. mezz. This is after Vandyck. 

Carolus, princeps, &c. Vandyck p. P. dejodeexc. 
I armour ; 4to. This is done with great exactness from 
le original at Windsor. 

Charles, prince of Wales; half length , inscribed 
!arolus II. &e. Vandyck p. Hollar f. 1649; h. sh. 
^he view in this print is Richmond Castle, and the green 
fore it, according to Vertue's manusqript. 

Prince Charles. Will. Dobson p. Voerst sc. h.sk. 

Carolus, princeps. €^. Van Dalen sc. Ato. 

Charles, prince of Waives. Hollar f l2mo. 

Charles, prince, with ]bis three sisters, Mary, 

vol" II* 2 ^ 



254 BIOGEAPHICAL HISTOKT 

Elizabeth, and Anne, on a fedestai supporting a ctokh; 
prffi^ed to the Oxford verUM, 1 636 ; 4to. | 

Prince Charies ; G. G. (Geo. GhoerJ tc. 
12fno. 

■ Charles, prince of Valca, en j 
J.&suU; h:xh. • 

Onrio iru a prince of uncoi— W> pregnantrr of g«m 
wtaxj amiabls qa^hiea. He began early to know mUfor 
«■• almott IB txAy u^ced by ioddlence aod pleasure. 
fbe gsietj of hia temper, that hia friends may be rather M 
nfier for, than aymjiathiie with, Um ; as they ever felt i 
him, than he did for lumaelf. He was so much a slave lo [ 
that he never left those devioiu paths into which he wsodetedn.! 
hia youdi. 

JAMES, duke of York, playing at tennis, spa^iOmXl 
in the court. M. Merianf. 

It is neither a far-fetched nor an overstrained metaphor, 
1 shall horrow from the print before me, and call James hintsdf i 
fennii'ball of fortune. If wo take a cursory view of li 
find that he was seldom, or never, at rest. Before the deadi 
his father, he was continually hurried to diJferent parts of the Ul 
dom, according to the various fortunes of that prince. Aitet 
death of Charles, we see him in Holland, France, Germany, 
other countries ; now he .is an officer in the French army, 
commander in the English fleet. When his brother was in 
aion of the throne, he was tossed about by faction ; and eoi 
he took possession of it himself, he was driven to France, 
thence, by the impulse of Lewis XIV. to venture his last stake 
Ireland. He was at length thrown into a state-priaoo* at St. Ge^ 
maiai, where be ended his restless life. 

James, diike of York. Faithoi-ne eacud. Ato. 

* He. ia bi> mcJaiicbal; haun, bu been beard to compare the palace ai 



'^.^ 



% 







IT. HI<5H BOPvNeBiiNCE IaMES DvKE OF ^RKE 



i» ! 



1 ( 



v: 






OF ENGLAND. 255 

James, duke of York, in armour; octagon frame; 
small Ato* 

James, duke of York, commander of the most 
^honourable Society of the Artillery Men. William 
Yaugkan sc. — This neat and very rare print was in 
[the collection of Sir William Musgrave, bart. I 
I never heard of another impression. 

James, duke of York ; a very beautiful French 
wint ; a sash on his armour. 

HENRY, of OatlandSjf commonly styled the Duke of 
\Gloucester; an infant sittingon a cushion. R. Vaughansc. 
\ — His portrait is in the book before described. 

The most hopeful and high-bom Prince Henrit, 
luke of Gloucester, who was bom at Oatlandes the 
dghth of July, 1640. Peregrine Louell fecit, 1647 ; 
\in the manner of Hollar ; rare. 

The Duke of Gloucester, at the king's last interview with his 
Idren, discovered an understanding and sensibility far beyond 
years. The solemn advice of his father sunk deep into his 
id; and his conduct .in life was mucb more conformed to it, 

* The Doke of York, when young, is ^aid to have been very like his father; "So 
he is," sajs Sir Francis Wortlej4 " that we may invert that royal epithet given 

' hb father, Jacobissimus Carolos, to CaroJissimos Jacobas." There seems to be 
of conceit than troth in this obserration, which is ju&t as witty as Ovid's 

" Semiboremqoe vimm, semiTiramqae boTem." 

t So called from Oatlands, in Surrey, the place of his birth. This was part of the 
ore uf Henrietta Maria, and one of the twenty-four palaces of Charles L A 
li/iceot gate which belonged to it is still remaining. It was the work of Inigo 
%, and is, or was, at the upper end of the Dnke of Newcastle's fine temce. 



t " Characten and Elegies,'' p. 7. 



256 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

than the conduct of either of his brothers. After the king's deatb, 
it was advised by one of CromweH'B friends, "that he should be 
bound out to some good trade, ihat so he might ^et his bread 
honestly."* He was, however, permitted, or rather forced, to leave 
the kingdom with very slender accornmoda lions, to follow tlie for- 
tunes of the royal family, who were ihsn miserable dependants on 
the crown of France. See the next reign. 



MARIA, filia Caroli regis. Vandyckp. Qiicebooren 
(or Qiieboren) sc. 

Mary, princess of Orange. Vandyck p. " Coussin 
del. et sc." in manuscript; whole length ; a dog oh a 
carpet ; a Dutch mezz. 

Maria, Caroli Magnse Brit, et Hib. Regis Filia 
prirao-genita. G. Hondthorst p. Siij/derhoef sc. 1643; 
-fA. Jine. 

MAia.\, I'^c. Backer p. Jacobus Lutma f. h. sh. 

Maiua, &:c. in liat ami feather. Hanneman p. 
Danckerssc. 1640; h. tih. 

The Princess Mary, holding a basket of -flowers ; 
a mezzotinto, by Vertiie, who had no talent for that kiiid 
of engraving. The print has no inscription. 

Maria dotnina, fil. Car. regis, nata 1631. P.de 
Jede sc. 4to. 

Mabie, princesse de la Grande Bretagne. Moit^ 
cornet exc. Ato. 



1. 



^ X 




^KE TRVErOKTK„\jCTyRX OF THE HICiH I 
fall, Lond'oii 25 ^\a;>-,j^A^ >^*>t'c^^ y' ■a^'^J^ 



tASF ENGLAND. 



257 



1a RY, princess of Oran^, eldest daughter of 
bg Charles I. and mother to King William III. 
idyck p. Faithome(jun.)f. mezz. 

PMaet, princess of Orange, standing. Hollar f. 
d41 ; Ato. small whole length, 

GuLiELMOs et Maria, principes Aurant.' Afierc- 
t>ddms p. Ddffius sc. two prints; large h. sh. 

Mabia Caboli, primo-genita filia. Ger. Van 
Hondlhorst pm.vit. Com. Vlscher sculp, sheet. ' 

Maria Caroli. Ant.Van Difck equis_pinxit, 1641. 
. Hondius sculp, large 4to. 

The most excellent and high-born Princess Mary, 
l&c. W.Faithonte. Sold by Roh. Peake. 

JVLabia, &c. Ato. L.Ferdinand. 

mIaria ; /o/. C.Yisscher; scarce. 

I4.R1A ; in an octagon ; 4to. T. v. Merlin. 

^1A, M. 18, 1649. G. Honthorstp. Queboren. 

i, princess ; . whole length, with Jlower-pot. 
hardson. 

ftRiA, with her son William III. in a cradle; 
■""of the palace at the Hague, i^c. G. Flinch. 
\,. Dalen, 1650. 

iLLiAM aad Mary, prince and princess of 
^ge ; ftw whole lengths in one print, bif Hollar, 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

'id them both in tuv neat small ovals in om 
d 1641. — It appears from this date, that 
: t<i ss was iu the tenth year of her age when 
was contracted in marriage. 

LLiAM and Mary, on horseback, going a hunting, 

iELUus II. a Nass°. princeps. ArausioneD- 
etc. 

iRtA Caroi-i, Wilhelmi Arausionensium prin- 
a uxor ; tico ovals in afoilage. 

ViLLiAM and Mary trince and princess of 
Dge. W. jMarshall sc. o small ovals in one plait. 

William and Mart, &c. sold by Peaks; small 
h.sJi. 

M'jLLiAM and Mary, &c. Itro icliale lengths haiid 
in hand, standing; (heir parents sitting; the Hol^ 
Ghost and three angels over the heads of the young 
prince and princess. Isaac Isaacksoip, R.a Persj/nsc, 
et lusit ; sh. 

There is ii double portrait of llio Prince ami Princess of Orai^ 
at Lord StraHbrd's, nt Wentwortli Castle. It is supposed to ban 
beeB painted by Hiinneman. 

The Priucess of Orange, who was esteemed tlie most TortunBte 
of the family of Charjcs I. had, from the goodness and tendernES 
of her nature, a deep share in all the miseries of the royal faailj' 
She was more than a sister to the king her brother ; she was ibe 
friend of his adversity." She was a conspicuous proof that the milil 
virtues are not inconsistent with fortitude; as she bore the ID'S 



OF ENGLAND. 259 

of a father and a husband, whom she entirely loved, with patience, 
and even magnanimity. She came into England, to congratulate 
her brother upon his restoration, and died of the small-pox soon 
after her arrival. She was interred in Henry the Seventh's chapel, 
the 31st of Dec. 1660.* 



The Lady ELIZABETH, holding a squirrel. 
JJ. Vaughan sc. whole length; Ato. See the Inter- 
regnum. 

The Princess Elizabeth, in her childhood, discovered a maturity 
of judgment rarely seen in women. She could hold a conversation 
with her father upon persons and things, and sympathized with him 
in his misfortunes. The troubles and death of the king are sup- 
posed to have put an early period to her life. She died at Caris- 
brook Castle, the 8th of September, 1660, in the fifteenth year of 
fcer age, and was buried at Newport, in the Isle of Wight. I have 
«een it asserted in print, that she was bound appr^tice to a glover 
of that place, and worked at his trade ; but this is sufficiently con* 
tradicted by Fuller.f 

The Lady ANNA (daughter of Charles L) died the 
eighth of December^ 1640; Ato. sold by Thomas Jenner. 

When the Princess Anne lay upon her death-bed, and nature 
"^as almost spent, she was desired by one of her attendants to 
])ray. She said, that she was not able to say her long prayer, 
'tneaning the Lord's Prayer, but she would say her short one: 
*• Lighten mine eyes, O Lord, that I sleep not the sleep of deat)i." 
TPhe little innocent had no sooner pronounced these words, than 
the expired. She was not quite four years of age. 

DOUBLE PORTRAITS, FAMILY-PIECES, &c. 

CHARLES I. and his queen. Vandi/ck p. R. van 
Voerst sc. Lond. 1634 ; a layge sheet. The queen holds 

• Fenton's " Observations on Waller.'* 
t " Worthies in Westminster," p. 239. 



260 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

a chaplet of laurel in one hand, and a branch in the 
other. 

Carolus et Henrietta Maria. Vandyck p. 
G. Vertue sc. large sh. This is from the retouched 
plate of Van Voerst. 

Charles I. and his queen. Vandyck p. C. J. Yu- 
scher exc. large sh. Copied from Van Voerst. 

The original was at Somerset-house; but most of the pictoiei 
which were there have been removed to Kensington and Hampton- 
court. 

Charles I. and his queen ; two small ovals, after 
Vandyck ; a head-piece by Vertue, in the fine edition of 
Waller's Works, in Ato. 

Charles I. and Henrietta Maria ; two ovals in 
one plate. Hollar f. 1 64 1 . 

Carolus et Henrietta, &c. the king sitting ; the 
Prince of Wales, ve7y young, standing at his right hand. 
Vandyck p. sh. me'* 






Charles I. and the Prince of Wales. G. Glover f. 
whole loigths; 8vo. 

Charles I. and his queen, sitting ; Prince Charles, 
very young, standing at his k7iee; the Duke of York 
an infant, on hers. Cooper exc. 4to. mezz. 

The original, by Vandyck, is now at Buckingham-house: it was 
engraved in a large plate by Baron. 

King Charles's three children. Vandyck /?• 



OF ENGLAND. 261 

trange sc. 16^ inches^ by 17^. — ^The original is at 
sensington. 

Charles I. and three of his sons ; whole lengths; 
ild by Stent ; poorly engraved. 

Henrietta Maria, and three of her children. 

The Princess Mary was bom the fourth of Nov. 
631; the Lady Elizabeth bom the twenty ^ninth of 
>ec. 1636 ; the Lady Anna bom the seventeenth of 
larch, 1636; baptized the thirtieth of the .same 
lonth, 1637; died Dec. 8, 1640;" whole lengths; 
. sh. Sold by Garrett. 

Five children of Charles I. with a large dog^. Van- 
yck p.* Tompson ex'c. sh. mezz. This print was after- 
^ard sold by Cooper. 

«*> 

Five children of Charles I. Vandyck p. Ricardt^ 
hooper sc. 1762 ; large h.sh. 

This, and the next above, are after an excellent original in the 
>llection of the Earl of Portmore. The picture at Burleigh-house, 
hich is similar to it, is a copy by Henry Stone, one of Vandyck's 
^t scholars.* The infantine character in the youngest chUd is 
Eidy expressed. 

Charles I. and queen, with the Earls of Pem- 
roke, &c. in the print of Theobalds ; fol. S. Sparrow 
^ 1800. 

Charles I. the Kingley Cook ; the king ask^.p ; 
tondamor piping in his ear ; Loiiis XIII. standing in 



• The original was burnt at WhitehalL 
VOL. 11. 2 M 



2G2 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

armour ; Queen Henrietta Maria, and the Bohemian 
family, standing. (Pass ) ; scarce. 

Chablbs I. lying in state, witii sixteen whole 
length portraits, representing the varibu^pbt^tateS 
of £urope ; scarce. 

■ Charles I. is the print of the t^exodrts: tet 
James I. by C. Pricl ; sheet. ' ' ' ' 

Charles I. when prince of Wales, standii^ with 
Philip. IV, of Spain, in their robes; twel^ Sngiish 
verses. Sold at the Globe, ^c. rare:. " 

Chables I. sittuig in parliament, nobles, &c. 
with a. border of their coat oi arms ; >ob .the top is a 
genealogical tree, with portraits of Henry VII. and 
Vill. Edward VI. Elizabeth, Earl of Lenox, Mary, 
queen of Scots, in ovals with their emblazonments; 
rare. 

Charles I. and family. Van Dych ; Massari; 
large sheet. \ 

Charles I. and queen, with two children. V.Dych 
A. Baron. 

Charles I. and queen, with the Prince of Wales. 
Van Dyck ; J. Broume ; mezz. sheet. 

C^jARLEs I. with his queen ; Mary de Medicis 
staiMing ; the lord mayor of London kneeling. 
Hollar. 

Charles I. inscribed " Rosa Hispania Anglka" 



rhe m^age ;with tbe Infafita^ €hrii3t giving the 
3en6^ction. { ^ 

» • 

Charles I. marriage with Henrietta Maria, Christ 
oming their hands; 4f(?. These two are the same 
3late, Donna Marie being altered to Henrietta 
\f aria. 

Henrietta Maria and children,; Van Ttyck ; Sir 
Rob. Strange sc. large sheet. ^ 

Charles I. a head^ neatly engraved; in the upper 
lart, a section of a temple. He is surrounded with chicds 
f glory, and crou>ned with laurels 

" What sacrifice can expiate? Past crimes 

Are left to Jove ; our king must bless the times.*' 

Queen Henriettay whole lengthy is sacrificing below; 
h.sh. 

Charles I. sitting at a table, leaning on a skull ; 
2 hand drawing a curtain; Dr. Gauden standing in 
boots and spurs; a^-^m with afooVs cap ; label from his 
mouthy " SpectatumMmissi risumy' Sgc. twelve verses : 

" The curtain's drawn ; all may perceive the plot 
And easily see, what you my friend have got. 
Presumptuous coxcomb th' art; that thus would'st faine 
Murder the issue of the King's own braine. 
If in the essence and the name of Kino 
There is divinity ; know then, you bring 
That which conducith to the King's owne praise. 
As much, as crowns of gold, or wreaths of bayes. 
Though as a King in 's actions he did shine, 
Yet in his'writings he may be Divine. 
Do not then say one skips into his throne ! 
The Doctor and the King may both be one." 

different from the one before mentioned. See Gauden. 



264 GIOOBAPIUCAL HISTORY 

The royftl progenie of Charles I. In the tarn 
plate M thefamly of the King and Queen of Bohema. 
Wm. Pats sc.sk. 

Charles I. his queen and progeny. Sold b^ €■ 
Wildenberch, at the globe, at St. Marlen's;* large sh. 

Charles I. and his royal progeny. R.P.(Robeti 
Peake) arc. The portrait of the queen is not in tkit; 
. large sh. 

The royal progeny of Charles I. in sis omh. 
In the last are the heads of the Didce and Dutchess bJ 
Albemarle. This teas done in the reign of Charles II 
large Ato..'^ 

Charles I. and II. with their queens ; tbe Duke 
and Dutchess of York; the Princess of Orange; the 
Lady Elizabeth, and the Dukeof Gloucester; the Duke I 
of Anjou (afterward Duke of Orleans); the Princess 
Henrietta; and the Duke and Dutchess of Albemarle; | 
much in the manner of Faithorne, in six ovals; veiy '■ 
scarce; h.sh. \ 

Chahles I. and his queen ; Henry Frederic, prince 
of Orange, and his princess ; with William and Mary, 
their son and daughter-in-law, joi7«'«g- Aonrf*,- obbn^ 
h.sh. In the ^' History of Henry Frederic^^ in Hl^^ 
Dutch ; foL 

Charles I. sitting in parliament ; 8to. 



' Magdaten'j, 

+ There is a half alicet pciiil similar to il, with eight ovals. In tl 
Calharine ii in a chariot on (he sea. 



OF. ENGLAND. 265 

• Charles I. with eighteen ether small heads of the 
loyalists ; frontispiece to Lloyd's *^ Memoii^Sy'* Sgc. foL 
1668. Another from the same plate, with the addition 
of three heads. 

Charles I. with eighteen heads of the loyalists. 
Henry Playford invt. J. Nutting so. h.sh. 

Charles I. Fairfax, and Cromwell, neatly en- 
graved^ in one plate. R. Hoejus exc. oblong h. sh. 



THE PALATINE FAMILY, &c. 

ELIZABETHA, Bohemiae regina, M. 33. Miere- 
wldiusp. Gul. Jaques Delph. sc. sh. 

Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia. Miereveldt p. 
JFaberf. large h. sh. 

Elizabetha, Bohemiae regina, ^^t. 35. G. a Hon- 
thorst p. R. a Voerst sc. sh. This fine print was en- 
graved by command of Charles the First. 

Elizabetha, Bohemiae regina. - Stent. 4to. See 
the reign of James I. and the Interregnum. 

Elizabetha, Bohemiae, Reginae, &c. Mich. John 
2ifiereveldt pin. G.J. Delphiosc. 

Elizabetha, Bohemiae, &c. F.Brun; Francis 
Jloeus; 1627. 

Her portrait, by Cornelius Jansen, is at Ditchley. 



'$^ BIOGRAPHICAI- HISTORY 

The King md Qoieen of 'Ik>hieiid%mtd Hmt fiimily, 
witkotti irucriptim. The king i^^tt to be in yean, 
. and melancholy ; he is represented sitting mth hi^ queen, 
under some trees. The eldest son stands by the ^Uiai, 
the yotmgest child is playing with a rabbit ; sh. very 
soiree. 

The King and Queen of Bohemia,' and their de- 
. scendants. CVissckerexc. large; oblong; k. sh. 

Fred, and Euz. with their son, Fred. Henry; 
an oval; by Pass, from a silver plate; compammio 
James I. Queen, S^c, 

Fred, and Eliz. standing under two arches, with 
ten historical vignettes of their coronation, Sic.'K. J. 
Fischer; large sheet ; very rare. The portraits of tk 
king and queen were ajlerward erased, and Oliver 
Cromwell introduced instead of the king, aridafgure 
o/' Justice in place ofthequeen; the head-dresses inlk 
historical vignettes were likewise altered. 

Fred, with eight children; twelve verses; ^ln- 
R. Vau^han. 



FREDERICK HENRY, son of the 
Francisco Delaram sc. Campion Holland eve. a child 
very richly attired, with lace and Jewels ; holding a 
racquet in one hand, and a ball in the other ; rare. 

Fuedj:rick Henuy. Webbe; fol. 

Frederick Henhv ; hat and feather, ^r. Tisscker 



FaKOERics^ Henry, an kaf^back; inscriptkm in 
\figlish ; six verses. 



•t\i* 



FaEDERxCK Heney, " eldest soQ of the King of. 
Ol^emia;" motto, ^^ Mediis tranqmUus in UndiSj"^ 
329i 4*9. scarce. It is engraved in the manner of 

"an Voerst' 

» . - ■ ' ■ ••.-■ 

•, . ■ ■ • 

He was drowned in January » 1629, in the fifteenth year of his 

re. •■'■' '•■■■■'■'■ 



CHARLES, second son of the King of Bohemia. 
\ HoUmanf. whole lengthy 4to. 



CHARLES LEWIS, count Palatine. Vandyckp. 
^ Payne sc. a head onlyj without his name ; small 4to^ 

Carolus LuDOvicus, &c. Vandyckp. 164L Ber- 
'4irdf. h. sh. 

His portrait, byVandyck, is in the collection of Mr. Methuen. 

* 

Charles.Lewis. l^w Z)ycA:. W. Hollar , 1646 ;yb/. 
Charles Lewis ; an iiifant. Jenner exc. small Ato. 
Charles Lewis. J. v. Sonar^ ad vivum. 
Charles Lewis; an etching. Van Dyck. 
Charles Lewis ; Ato. Hollman; whole length. 

Carolus Ludovicus, comes Palatinus, &c. Mire- 
^Itpin. Wi J.'Delffsc. sheet. 



2fl8 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTOEY 

Chables Lewis, &c. R-aVoera sc. Seethe 
Interr^ium. 

Charles Lewis, eldest sumring sou of the King of B<Aemii, 
came into England at eighteen years of age, and was honoored 
ifidi the Garter. Upon the breaking out of the civil war, he Ml 
the king at York, and went into Holland. The next year be le- 
tumed to England; and while his brothers were eiqtosing tbeir 
persiHis in battles and sieges, he veiy prudently paid his conriU. 
the parliament, "joined the two houses at Westminster, andsBliii 
the assembly of divines."* He was restored to the Lower Palatt- 
nate in 1648, upon condition of bis quitting all right and title toAc 
' Upper. See the Interregnum. 



Prince RUPERT. Vandyckp. in armour. Stent; 
h. sk. 

Prince Rupert ; mezz. Rembrandt ; V. Green; 
1775; sheet. 

Prince Rupekt. /. Hinde. 

Prince Rupert. Van Dyck ; He Jode. 

Prince Rupert. S. Cooper ; J. K. Sherwin ; asmd f 
oval. f 

Prince Rupert; 8vo. in " Clarendon." 

Prince Rupert, in armour ; Latin inscription; 
mesz. W.Vaillant fee. small half sheet ; scaree. 

Prince Rupert, in a hat, young. S. Cooper; 
C. Knight sc. in Harding's " Grammont." 

* SecCoUier'i " Eccles, Hiit." lol. IL.p. 854. 



OF BNGLANO: 269 

% 

Princp Rup£RTy 'in a hat ; frofn the s^me fictkre. 
wodefroy sc. . 

RobERTus princeps*, comes Palatinus. Vundyckp. 
Hen. Sayers sc. h.sh. 

Robert, &c. sold by Jenner ; k. sh. 
Another y sold by Jenner y Ato. ships in both. 

Prince Rupert. Guli. Dobson p. Faithome sc. 
t. sh. 

A copy by T. Chambars ; Ato. 

Princeps Rupertus, equitum dux. HoUar /f 
.643; small Ato. 

Another by the same hand; a small oval, 1643. 

Prince Rupert and his brother Maurice are both 
n one picture, at Coombe Abbey, 

Prince Rupert came over from Holland to the assistance of the 
ing his. uncle, about the time of his erecting the royal standard at 
Nottingham. He possessed, in a high degree, that kind of courage 
^hich is better to attack than defend ; and is less adapted to the 
ind-service thap that of the sea, where precipitate valour is in its 
lement. He seldom engaged but he gained the advantage, which 
c generally lost by pursuing it too. far. He was better qualified 
3 storm a citadel, or even mount a breac)i, than patiently to sus« 
^n a siege; and would; have furnished an excellent ;hand to a 
«neral of a cooler head. He surrendered: the city of Bristol to 
Mf Thomas Fairfax almost as soon as he appeared .before it ; upon 
^hich the king deprived him; of all his commissiohs. ; See more 
f him in the next reign. 

• - .' . : .X 

* He was popularly called Prince Robert. 

t •' Sold hy Jo. Gil^, near Tbaivet Inn, in Holborn, anno -^— '- This laddreis and 
ale were erased; and, *< Sold b/ P. Stent," and a back ground lidded to tbt 
grtmit. 

VOL. II. 2 K 



270 BIOGHAVHICAL HISTOKY 

The high-born Prince MAURICE III. son to 
Fred. K. of Bohemia, on horseback; quarto. Soldhg 
P. Stent; very rare. 

Another, anonymous, whole length, as Mercury; 
wings in his hat, and at his feet ; a fountain in the back 
ground; scarce. 

Another by C. v. Daten; same as the above, exctj^ 
/4e emblem of Mercury. 

Prince Maurice, third aon of the King of Bohemia, entered iitt 
the lervice of Charles 1. about the ume time with liis brathei. 

' He was not of so active and fierce a naliire as Rupert; but knew 
better how to pursue any advantagca gaini^d over the enemy. He 
wanted a little of hi* brother's fire, and Rupert a great deal of 
bb phlegm. He laid siege to several places in the West, and tool: 
Exeter and Dartmouth. His most aignU exploit was the viciorf 
It Lansdavn, His portrait is in the family- piece before described. 

. Tlie late Mr. West had origiual paintings of him and Prinn 
Rupert, by Gerard Honlhorst. 



ELISABETHA, Frederici Bohemite regis com. 
Palat. et Elect. S. R. I. filia natu maxima. 



" FortunfB domitrix, Aug 

Filia, PaladiJ grandis alumna chori ; 
Natiirse labor, hoc vultu spcciatur Eliza, 
Et faciem fati vim superantis habtt. 
Exulat, et terras qua? mine sibi vindrcat Ister, 
Jure, patrocinio, spe, putat esse suas. 
Si patriis Cses.ir titulis succensuit, illud 
Frangere debebat Cataaris arma caput." 

Caspar Barlceus ; h. sh. 

Another, Svo. eractly copied from the former. C.i 
hurinus sc. 



OV ENGLAND. 871 

Blizabbtha, kcfol. M. K 
Elizabetha; 8w. P^^^. 

* I 

Elizabetha ; a child; the four seasons in theorna- 
nents ; small folio, 

"Jliese prints would, perbaps, be more properly placed i^ tl^^ 
fsxt reign. Tbey are placed here, as mention is made of the other 
ffScesses cf the Palatine fiamily.* 

Thif admirable lady wad one of the most extraordinary woqie^ 
lat we' read of in history. She corresponded with the celebrated 
>es Cartes, who was regarded as the Newton pf his time, upon tb^ 
dost difficult and abstruse subjects. t That philosopher tells ber, 
Q the dedication cf his ** Principia/* which he addressed to her, 
bat she was the only person he had met with, who perfectly un- 
lerstood his works.^ Christina, queen of Sweden, from whom she 
eceived several slights, was extremely envious of her knowledge. 
VlUiam Penn. the famous legislator of Pennsylvania, had many 
onferences with her upon quakerism, of which she entertained a 
avourable opinion. He has published several of her letters to him 
n his '* Travels. "§ She is sometimes styled " The abbess of Her- 
ordcn,'' a protestant nunnery in Germany, over which she pre- 

ided. 

The Princess LOUISA has much the same title to the first class 
»f female artists, that her sister has to that of the learned ladies, 
"ler paintings are highly esteemed by the curious ; not only for 
lieir rarity, but their merit ; and are to be seen in foreign cabinets 
v'ith the works of the greatest masters. Gerard Honthorst had 
lie honour of instructing the Queen of Bohemia and her family in 



* There is a great collectioti of portraits of the Palatine family at Coombe Abbey, 
F% Warwickfitiire, the seat of Lord Craven ; which came hither by means of the Earl 
*^ Craven, ^hq was supposed to be married to the QoeM of Bohemia. — Loatt 

t SecBoyle*s •« Excellency of Theology," p. 29. 

t Voltaire tells \is, that Schotten (ur Schooten)in HoHand, and Format in France, 
"^re the only men that nnderstood Des Cartcs*s geometry, in his own time* 
-«tter XIV. concerning the English nation. 

f la George Fox's ** Journal," Lond. 1694, foK \% a letter of his to her, with her 
mwcr. 



272 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 

the art of painting : of these the greatest pto&aet^ were 
and the Princess Sophia^ her sister. In 1664, Louisa luraed 
man Catholic, and was made abbess of Manbuisson, at Pool 
near Paris. Ob, 1709, JEt. 86.' There is a portrait of her in 
straw haty at Wilton, by Gerard Honthorst . 

> The Princess SOPHIA, who was a daughter and..niQtber 
a" king* was herself mistress of every qualification requisite 
adorn a crown.- It has been observed of these three Hli 
listers, '^that the 'first was the most learned, the second 
greatest artist, and the third the most aceomfdished lady in 
rope.^- Their portiraits are in the family-piece- above described! 
wid another of the Princess Sophia^ who lived to a very sd^ 
age, belongs to the reign of Anne. 
- There is a limning of this princess at Kensington. 



CLASS II. 

« 

GREAT OFFICERS OF STATE, AND OF 

THE HOUSEHOLD. 

See an account of the loYds-keepers in the Class of Lawyers. 

Promoi. JAMES LEY, earl of Marlborough, was lord high-treasurer is 
J* P*®j the beginning of this reign. He was removed, under a pretence of 
uis great age, to make room for Sir Richard Weston. Lord Cla- 
rendon pbserves,i- that five noble persons, who had been in this. 
slippery office, were living at the same time. See the preceding 
reign, Class VI, 

Promot. Bishop JUXONy a man of a mild and unambitious character^ 
^': had the treasurer's sta£P thrust into his hand, by his friend Arch- 
bishop Laud. He acted with great prudence,, and moderation in 
this troublesome office, at a very critical time. He was well qos- 
lified for it by his abilities,, and no less by his patience, which he 



* Geori^ T. t Vol. L 8to. p. 47, 




FiiUiriti Oijffiiiytin Lord Cotfing 
loll of Haiiwnrth-ACof ihs Court of 
Ward*. Cliani'dlilur of tJie Cjcchequtr; 



7?^»K/PcoWTiS'>,Ti"*BwcJinMA 




TKeRigKlHciriDuraUc Edward Lurd Monla. 
-sue BaronofKimbolton V.fcuanlMat.devrle 
EirltoFMincKefler And Mamf CsneralUJllie 
firliBmenb Fpr«i in It,. ai(oci*ltd Counlyli 



fulJl^j,-..,S/>oi_y m.^A^rJ/^^VJ/^- 



OF ENGLAND, 273 

\ often called upon to exercise. His head is described in the 
S8 of Clergymen. 



FRANCIS, lord Cottington ; one of the Illustrious 
^ads. In the possession of Francis Cottington, esq. 
lere is a head of him in Lord Clarendoris ** History. 



n 



Francis, lord Cottington. W. Hollar; small oval. 
Francis, lord Cottington. Sherlock sc. in Smollett. 

Lord Cottington, who was chancellor and under-treastirer of the 
rhequer, and master of the cpnft of wards, in this reign, was, 
ring the civil wars, constituted lord.higli-treasurer;* but does 
t appear to have acted in that office; ' In the reign of James I. 
was long resident in Spain, and had inueh of the Spanish so- 
inity in his air and aspect. ^ He had the grc^atest .command jofhb 
iper and countenance; coilld say theptesu^antest things with 
: gravest face ; and was as great a master jof dissimulation,' as 
was of humour. He, from experience, had a great knowledge 
mankind ; had a head fertile in expedients to procure' money for 
king ; and raised the nevQiDftie ofthe coUrt of wards higher than 
^as ever known in any former period. Having acquired an af- 
?nt fortune, he retired; towards the close of his life, to Valladolid 
Spain, where he died about the year 1651, in the seventy-seventh 
ir of his age. -^ 

HENRICUS, comes Manchester, &c. a smalloval; 
mo. 

Hexricus, comes Manchester, custos privati sigilli. 
^ji Hove sc. l2mo. Before his book^ entitled^ " Man^' 
C'Ster al Mundo, or Meditations on Life and Death.'' 

Hie fifteenth edition of this hook was printed 1690. See Mon- 
»u, in the former reign. Class II. and VI. 

• Birch's •« Lives of Illustrious Persons/* &c. vol. II. p. 2B. 



ft74 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTOltY 

Pro-. THOMAS HOWARD, earl of Arundel fearf- 
wfi'. marshal). Rubens p. Houbraken sc. 1743. Illust. 
Head. 

The original was ia the coUecUoa of Dr. Head, but ii now in the 
paneiuon of Lord Carlisle. 

TuouAs HowAEDUs, &c. Vondyck p. Vorster- 
man sc. large 4to. 

Thomas Howard, &e. Vandi/ck p. Hollar f. \ 
1646; A, sk. J, Mvijssena e.rc. Aittwcrpia. 

The ori^nal picture is at Lord Besborougb's, at RoehamptoD. 

Thomas, dominus Arundel; oval; Ant. Van Dj/ck. 
, W- Hollar/, k. sh. 

Thomas, earl of Arundel, o/i Aor^efiacA'. Hollar f. 
1639; h.sk. 

TiiOMAs, earl of Arundel, m armour. Mich. Jan. 
Mir. p. S. Passaus sc. 

Comes Abundelius; a Rubcnio memoriter dtsi^- 
natus, i^T. Krafft f. aqua for ti; h. sh. 

Thomas Howakd, et Aletheia Talbot, Arundelli» 
et Surrise comites. The earl is pointing to Aladagtism 
on a terrestrial globe, where he had some thoughts of 
making a settlement : near the globe is the famous head 
of Homer, which belonged to Dr. Mead, and was bought 
bj/ the Earl of Exeter.* Vandyckp. Vosterman fedt ; 
large h. sh. 

• Hii Inrri^hip h.is ^^ytn It lr> il.<! Bml.h Mii»uin. 




Tkoma.1 Eaxle of Aruadeli Be. Suci 
£iTLe JtlarflukU, A Xord hi^ StewuJ. of 

England.. ■!<. 



^1 tr^fd^ffZ f^K^itfutfttvn H y* 



OF BN6LAND. il78 

TH^rfAs HowAfeT>, et Aleihcfia IVtlbot^fte. Tan^ 

ck p. Hollar f. h. sh. ^ 

Thomas, earl of Arundel, and his son Henry^ 
iron Mtowbxay ; trvowiall ovals, in aneplate. Hollar fi 
arce^ 

Thomas Howard, earl of Arundel, and his fwaaSiy^ 
hitip Truytiersf. 1643. Vertue sc. large sh. - 

Thomas, earl of Arundel; small quarto. Glover. 

Thomas, earl of Arundel (earl-marshal of England);^ 
tall oval. Sold by P. Stent. 

Thomas Howard, earl of Arundel. Tdrdieu se. 
the Orleans Gallery. 

Thomas HowARp,earl of Axundel, with his family;. 
o. P.,Fruytiers. 

Thomas, earl of Arundel, earl^marshal of England; 
lall oval. Sold by P. Stent. 

The apotheosis of Lord Arundel ; Latin inscrip- 
>n at bottom. Corn. Schut inv. Winds Hollar fecit . 

The paintiDg in the possession of the dowager of the last Eari of 
Eiflford,* who gave it to the British Museum. 



* The anonymoos print of Baccio BandiDcJli, t)ie celebrated sculptor, painter, 
^ architect, sitting in hb shop, with several statues and fragments of sculpture 
Hit bim, has been mistaken for a portrait of the Earl of Arundel. It was engrated 
>>> the painting at Windsor by Coreggio, whose portraits are extremely rare. Th^ 
^i is known by the medals on the table, and the colossal head and trunk of a 
^e statne near it. 1 have been informed, that Vandergucht gave Armstrong, 
pictofv and printseller, four pounds for a first impression of this print. Mr. John 
^rd gav« thmgiuoeas (br the fin^L proof in his collection. 



270 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORT 

The Earl of Arundel intended to have a iamily -piece painted bj 
Vandyek, like the fanious one at Wilton; and he actually drew » 
design for it, which was never enecuted. Fruytiers did a small 
picture after it, from whith Vert'ie engraved the plate.* In itie 
print is represented ihe shield which the great Duke of Tiiscsny 
presented to the Earl of Surrey, before he entered the lists in 
ionour of liie fair Giraldine. This shield was in the possessiun 
of the last Earl of Stafford, vho, in his lifetioie, made a preient 
(tf it to the.Dulce of Norfolk. 

Thomas Howard, earl of Arundel, was employed in several em- 
t»Ulies', in'this and the former reign. He acquired in Italy an ele- 
gant taste for painting and architecture; and abOve alt for socieBt 
•tatuea, of which be was passionately fond. He employed col- 
lectors in most partu of Europe; and sent even into Greece, 
whence be received several valuable fragments of antiquity. He 
loved the company of antiquaries and virtsosi, aqd was bimMir 
more a virtuoso than a scholar. His time was bo mnch engroued 
by bis favourite amusements, that be had seldom leisui« or -incli- 
nation to visit the court. Like the Italians, he seems to bavs 
looked upon such as had no taste for the arts, as Goths and bu- 
bariana, and used to aay that "he that could not design a little, 
would never make an honest mau,"+ He would have spoken more 
to the purpose, if he had said, tliat he would never make an ac- 
complished man. He was the first of his coiinlrymen that intro- 
duced unifonnity of building, and is esteemed the father of the virtu 
in England. He died in Italy, 14 Sept. 1646. See Class Vll. 

HENRICUS, comes Arundellia;, &c. Vandyckf. 
P. Lombart sc. k. sh. 

Henrv, earl of Arundel ; inscribed " Lord Mal- 
raAVERs" with autograph. J. Thane exc. 

Hexrv, earl of Arundel ; in armour ; \2mo. 

■ Henry, Earl of Arundel, son of the former, was father of Earl 
Thomas, who was reinstated in the dukedom of Norfolk, which had 



t See Evelyn"! '■ Sculplui 



OF ENGLAND. 277 

been forfeited by tiie attainder of Thomas Howard, his gueat- 
grandfather, in the reign of Elizabeth. He was also father of 
Cardinal Howard. Ob. 17 April, 1652. See Henrt, baron of 
Mowbray, ^c. in the next Class. 



GEORGE VILLIERS, duke of Buckingham 
(lord high- admiral) . C. Johnson p. Houbraken sc. 
Illust. Head : from a picture formerly at Somerset- 
house. — This is not the portrait of Buckingham; it 
is John Digby, Earl of Bristol. 

George ViLLiERS, &c. C.Johnson p. Svo. 

■ • * • • • . . . 

Geojbge Villiers, duke of Buckingham ; a fine 
large head. W. Jaques D^lph. sc. A copy of the same, 
in Sir Hen. Wotton's " Remains.'' Dolle sc. 

Another in Ato. 

This print, by Jaques, is more like the originals of him thaii any 
others that I have seen, except the eyes, which have much less life. 

George Viluers, &c. engraved by FaithornCf 
without hatching ; in the manner of Mellan. 

George ViLLiERs, &c. Moncornet exc. small Ato. 

George Villiers, duke, marquis, and earl of 
Buckingham, earl of Coventry, &c. whole lengthy 
mth boots and spurs, staff, S^c. M. D. (roeshout) 
^culpsit ; folio ; very rare. 

■ A copy from the above. W. Richardson. 

, Georg eVi lli ers, duke of Ruckingha^. A. v. Dyck; 
L. Vorsterman. 

VOL. II. 2 o ' 




BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

taken and sunk all the Dutch fishing-busses employed upoa the 
British coasts. He was lofty in his carriage, and as elevated in 
his sentiments of liberty. Thinking that tlie condition of a noble- 
man under a despotic government, was only a more splendid 
slavery, he sided with the patriotic junto, with a view of curbing 
the power of the king ; and was at length carried by the tide of 
faction much farther tlian he intended to go. His commissioD of 
lord high-admiral was revoked by his majesty in 1642, and lie 
was succeeded by the Earl of Warwick. Ob. 13 Oct, 1663. 

ROBERT RICH, earl of Warwick (lord high- 
admiral). Vandyck p. Houbraken sc. 1747; i/Ziw/. 
Head. In the collection of the Earl of Jlardwick. 

Robert, earl of Warwick. Vandyck p. Vertuen:- 
Svo. in Clarendon. 

RoBBKT, earl of Warwick; whole length. Hollar J. 
1642; h.sh. 

Robert, earl of Warwick, and lord Rich of 
Leeze ;* in armour ; fciirf. SoldbifWrn. Peakc ; ilo. 

Another in Ricrajt. 

Robert, carl of Warwick, Chaiii/'crs sc. In Smollett. 

RoiiEUT, earl of Warwick ; n-hole length, icith 
.shipping. W. Richardson. 

Robert, earl of Warwick ; inscribed Robert Rich, 
&ic. Sold by Henry Dochin. 



* I.«eze, where the Earl o( Warwick resided, was one af tbe finest kbIi 
kingdom. Mr. Knightly, a genllcman of NcrlhBinploDihbe, told tlic eiil, 
he had good reasitn tn make sure of heaven ; as he would be a great k 
changing so cliarniing a placp fnr hell." See Calaniy'i " Sermon at Mi Funefil," 




E RIGHT H()NO\'RABLE ROBERT EARLCitWAf 
iron of Lri-ictcLurd High Admii'al uF Lnuland, onf J 
njehj's moit koraiurahle Privy Council, and Tiis Majelj 
"tenant of il'ie C(;uviYi-;s d^ t^wVXV ,Yi&it,T. 



'■■/A.^ JO.J/g4h/'" "'•" 



-,Yi&it,-k.,'*'f. 





IaJll.cs Stuart KiLke of Lenojc. 



OF ENGLAND. 281 - 

Robert, earl of Warwick ; small Ato. Voerst sc. 
tree. . . . 

Robert, earl of Warwick ; trophies of war, and sea- 

fit, 8fc. eight English verses ; folio ; rare. 

• • - ' ■ . . » * 

The Earl of Warwick, elder brother to the Earl of Holland, was Promot, 
ndsome in his person, and sprightly and facetious in his conver- ^^*** 
tioQ. He had some knowledge in naval afiBairs, and the openness 
' his disposition recommended him to the seamen ; but he was 
»t completely qualified for the office of high-admiral. He was a 
eat friend and patron of puritan divines, and one of their constant 
arers : and he was not content with hearing long sermons in their 
ngregation only, but he would have them repeated at his own 
•use.* Yet all this seems to bave^had butiittle effect upon him, 
he still continued to be liceptions in his nvorals.f Ob. 19 April, 
►58, Mt. 71. Buried in Folstead churchy Essex. 



1 



REAT OFFICERS OF THE HOUSEHOLD. 



JAMES STUART, duke of Richmond and Lenox 
Drd-steward of the household). Vandyck p. Hoii- 
'aken sc. 1 740. In the collection of Sir Paul Methuen ; 
lust. Head. 

James Stuart, duke of Richmond, &c. %vo. In 
^•arendoufi s " History ^ 

James Stuart, &c. G. Gddoiy p. R. V. Voerst sc. 

7. 

This was done when he was a gentleman of the bed -chamber. 
portrait is in the gallery at Gorhambury. 



• See Calamus "Sermon at his Funeral." 
t Clarendon, ii. p* 210. 



SIOGRATUICAL HISTORY 

Jambs Stcabt, duke of Rictunond, &c. vAo^ 
ia^th, VanDyck; R. Earlom ; sheet, mczz. 

Jambs Stuabt, &c. ttaaUoval. Hollar. 

James Stuart, &c. Van Dyci. (FaitAom.) 
iecTC. 

*AMES Stuart, &c. 4to. Faughan. 

luss Stuabt, &c. small (mat. (FaHhorm.) Sold 
J. Stent. 

James Stuabt, 8cc. mth a dog. W. T. Ftytc. 
1816 ; from the original of Vandyck, in the collection of 
John Shelky Sidney, esq. In Mr. Lodge's " Illustriim 
Portraits." 

p^giBot. JumeB, son or Same Stuart, duke of Richmond, wag nearly allied 
IHO. to Charles L and much and descrredly in his esteem. He bad 
16« "^ the sincereat affection for the king his master, and was one of llie 
noblemen who offered to suffer in his stead. The whole tenor of his 
behaviour to that prince, and his extreme regret for his death, shew 
that he was much in earnest in olfering to be a vicarious victim 
for him. He died, as it is supposed, of the effects of grief,* the 
SOdi of March, 165.5. 



WILLIKLMUS, comes Pembrochise, Sec. Mytm 
p. R. a Vocrst sc. IC33 ; large h. sh. fine. There is 
a copy of this in Lord Clarendon's "History;" 8vo, 

In the great room at Wilton is h whole length of him bj 
Vandyck. 

WiLLiAjii llEiiiiKHT, tail of Pembroke. Vamli/ckp. 
8i«. 




Fkilipp Herbert E^rU of Pern 
■broke and M,oD(iomeiy 'l^^ Lord 
ChamberlBiine of hti M.'"' moft \an"' 
KoufhoU 



i, by ^fRiJiarJ/,nfrjl /irc 



OF ENGLAND. 283 

He was lord-stewaid of the household in this reiga* See that 
James I. 

PHILIP, earl of Montgomery , &c. lord-chamber* 
in. S. Passaussc. 1626 ; 4to. In the^rst impression^ 
€ star on the breast, and chamberlain^s staff in the 
ft hand. 

Philippus Hebbebtus, comes de Pembroke 
lord-chamberlain of the household). Van Dyck p. 
l.VanVoerst sc. h. sh. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke. X. Vorsterman. 

Philip Hebbert, &c. small oval. W.Richardson, 

Philip Herbebt, &c. My tens pins. Voerst sc. 
630. Will. Webb excudit ; scarce. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke; with truncheon, helmet, 
;c. six English lines. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke ; wood-cut^ whole length : 
My reward is from above ;^ scarce. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke; in Clarendon; 8w. 

Philip Herbert, earl of Pembroke and Mont* 
ornery, &c. Hollar f. h. sh. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke, &c. Hollar f. a small 

val. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke ; a whokk 

^s, Sgc. 








Edward Sdctvile Edrle of 



IllAup uaoo hy 



OF EMOLAN0. iB&- 

d, though a peer, sat in the House of Commons. Ob. * 23 Jan. 

49-50* 

\Ve are told by Lofd Clarendonif that Philip, earl of Pembtoke, 

d a quarrel with Lord Mowbray, at a committee in the House of 

rds, and that ** an offer, or attempt of blows was made ;'' upon 

lich the king sent tor his staff, and gave it to the Earl of Ess^x. 



EDWARD SACKVILLE, earl of Dorset, lord- 
lamberlain. Vandyck p. G.Vertue sc. 1741. In the 
ssessim of his Grace the Duke of Dorset ; Illtcst. 
'had. 

Another, a large oval; sold by Hind. — His portrait 
at Gorhambury. 

Edward Sackville, earl of Dorset. Vandyck p. 
tndergucht sc. Qvo. in Clarendon. 

Edwakd Sackville, earl of Dorset. Voerst sc. 
a. 

Edward Sackville, earl of Dorset. Hollar f. 
9mall oval. 

Edward Sackville, earl of Dorset. Sold by 
^ake. 

Edward Sackville, earl of Dorset; small aval. 
^ Richardson. This has been engraved by Bacquet, 
^ " Noble Authors,^' and called there Richard, fflh 
H of Dorset. 

Bdward Sackville, earl of Dorset, was third son of Robert, earl 
Oorsety and grandson \o the lord-treasurer m the reigns of Eli- 



* WhiUocke'f " McflMrialf ," p. 495. 
f Vol. L %to, p. 265. 



286 BIOGRAPHICAL IftSTORT 

uMh and Jamet I.* He was one of the.dikf conmiandmdfl 
forces seDt to the assistance of the King of Bohemia, in 1( 
. and the next year, he succeeded Lord Herbert,' as ambassador Ib^ 
Ae court of France. . In 1624, upon the death of his elder 
ihef ,. he became Earl of Dorset.. In the beginning of the dvil 
he wM aplpdnted lovd-chamberkin to the kmg, having 
served the queen in the like office* He. was a man of eminatfj 
abilities, and seems to have been no less remarkable for his | 
penmty to pleasure. Hi» person way strong and beautifid^ 
eloqjuence flowing, and his courage fervid and dear.' He |;aiei 
conspicuous proof of it at Edge-hill, by leading on the 
that recovered the royal standard; and in the former partoflsi^ 
life, by a duel with Lord Bruce ;t the event of which was the h» 
of his antagonist, a no less brave, but less fortunate, man than 
himself; who was as well qualified to have done honour to bkj 
country, and who, before the quarrel, had been his most inthn&tflr 
fiaend.t 0^. 17 July, 1652. 

, • • ..." 

JACOBUS, marchio ab Hamilton. Vandi/ck p. 
Van Lisebetius sc. b. sh.\ 

James, marquis of Hamilton, &c. master of the? 
horse ; in armour ; collar of the Garter y h. sh. Sterd. 

James, marquis of Hamilton. P. Gerirma sc. h 
'* Noble Authors" by Park; 1806, 

* See the reign of James, Class II. 

t See the *< Gnardian/' No. 129, and 15S. 

I O^borae informs as, that in a quarrel between the English iM Scots atCrojto 
rases, which bad like to have ended in bloodshed, he was the only Englishman Aif 
sided with th« Scots ; and that he deserted his countrymen purely from hk atticlK . 
meat to Lord Bruce'; hence it was that several of them declared their intend ^: 
killing him in the attack, who afterward killed his dearest friend. — In a3iS. letter 
of the Duke of York to the first Lord Dartmouth, dated Dec. 11, 1679, is thu pif* 
sagOk: " The old Earl of Dorset, at Edge-hill, being commanded by the king aj 
father to go and carry the prince and myself up- the Jhill,:out of the luittle^ ratoed^ 
do it ; and said he would not be thought a* coward for ever a king's aoa inCbiislei- 
dom." See this story, with some variation, in Echard, p. 548, edit. 17€0. After 
the king's death, he never stirred out of his house, then called Dorset-house, ia 
Salisbury-court, where he died. . : - 

$ The first impression has, " Joannes Meyiseni excudU." 



OF ENGLAND. 287 

< 

Es, marquis of Hamilton, &c. W. Fait home. 
Robert Peake, ^c. half sheet ; rare. 

ES, marquis of Hamilton, earl of Cambridge 
ran, &c. Sold by John Hinde ; very rare. 

ES, marquis of Hamilton^ on horseback. Sold 
Vebb ; Jine; I. h. sh. 

ES, marquis of Hamilton. Voerst so. 

ES, marquis of Hamilton. Hollar/, small oval. 

ES, marquis of Hamilton. Marshall sc. 

ES, duke of Hamilton. R. White sc. h. sh^ 
Burnet's ^^ Lives of the Hamiltons'' 

ES, marquis of Hamilton; in Ward's, or Cla^ 
s " History ;" 8vo. 

[arquis of Hamilton,* who was at the head of the moderate 
rians in Scotland, was much in the favour and confidence 
es I. He was accused by his enemies of a design upon 
s life ; but Charles gave so little credit to it, that he made 
le of lying afterward in the same bed-chamber with him, 
using any precautions for his safety. He was so dilatory 
lilitary proceedings, that he was strongly suspected of 
/ to that prince, in whos^ cause he afterward lost his life. 
he invaded. England with a numerous army, which was 
r defeated by Cromwell and Lambert, the latter of whom 
1 prisoner. Beheaded the 9th of March, 1648-9. 
»rtrait is at Hampton-court. There is another, by Vansomer, 
[ton-house, or palace, as it is called, in Scotland. At the 
CBf is a portrait of his brother William, who was killed at 
^ of Worcester, and of the duke, who fell in the duel with 
»bun. 

* Afterward duke. 



BIOORAPHICAL HISTORY 

:h- . .'ike 

CLASS III. : ■ 

PEERS. 

' A DUKE. I'^;,;""^^ 

GEORGE, (second) duke of Buckingham, yrifk 
his brother Francis, in * one plate ; whole length. 
V^ndifckp. Ja'.M'. Ardellf. mez.z. sh- 

The. young Duke of Bucking;ham and his brother rose in arms 
for tbe kin^, scar Kingston-upon-TLames, at the same time with 
the Ear! of Holland. The earl's plan seems to have been very il! 
concerted; as this little body of men were instantly dispersed, and 
cut to pieces. Lord Francis Villiera was offered quarter, which he 
disdained to accept. His parts were no less promising tlian his 
brother's, and his persoaal beauty was still more extraordinary. 
This, as we arc informed by IJoyd, occasioned "the enemies 
beastly usage of him, not fit to be mentioned. "f Oh. I6J8, .^1. 19. 
It was ordered by parliament, that Fairfax should have 400(, per 
annum, out of the estates of the Duke of Buckingham, and the 
Lord Francis his brother. J 



MARQUISES. 

JOHN PAWLET, marquis of Winchester. Hol- 
lar f. small oval. 



• The original, ivliicii is one of Ihc i.Kiit tapilal iiFifotmances of Vandjct, ii H 
BuckiDghaiD'luin.^e. A certain painUr nho was retiring, and viewing llils niroi' 
rsble piclute with the ulrnosl sneigy of adenlion, was hluntly asked bj a penw 
present, " Whether lie had » mind to leave liii eye* behind bini V 

■t "Mernuiis," &c. ful. p. 67B, C7ti. 

: Walter'! "lliil.ofrndEppndeiii!,V," purl ii. p. 196. 




loin p,wU, j«. r,. „i-^ , 



'•'^'■^y&'^.^J/..J-u„.,,;y,jV.j^^^^ 



284 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Phili I*, earl of Pembroke ; a whole length; hat and 
feather, Sgc. Sold by Walton; h. sh. 

Philip, earl of Pembroke ; Jo. E.f. 24mb. 

- There is a whole length of him, by Vandyck, at Pembroke- 
house, in London. In the great room, at Wilton, is the foUoiraig 
family-piece. 

Philip, earl of. Pembroke, and his family.— 
TTie two principal figures, sitting y are Philip, ea?^ of 
Pembroke, and his lady. On the right hand stand their 
Jive sons, Charles^ lord Herbert; Philip (afterward 
lord Herbert); William, James, and John. On the left, 
their daughter Anna Sophia, and her husband, Robert, 
earl of Caernarvon; before them, Lady Mary, daughter 
of George, duke of Buckingham ; and above, in the 
clouds, are two sons 07id a daughter, who died young. 
Vandyck p. Baron sc. 1740; large sh. 

Mr. Walpole observes, that this picture, though damaged, would 
serve alone as a school of Vandyck.* 

Philip, earl of Pembroke, wanted almost every accomplishment 
Jthat his brother possessed.f Though fortune threw him into a 
court, he was very ill qualified to shine in that station. His cha- 
racter was rather that of a country 'squire, than a man of quality; 
as, during his retirement at Wilton, his only occupation and delight 
were with dogs and horses. He was choleric, boisterous, and ab- 
surd ; and it has been observed of him, that when he was lord- 
chamberlain, he broke many wiser heads than his own. We have 
it upon record, that he broke his staff over the shoulders of -May 
the poet, for being out of his place at a masque at court.! Butler 
Jbas made himself merry with, some of . his absurdities. He was 
chosen knight of the shire for Berks, the i6th of April, l^^J 



« " Anecdotes of Paintinig;' vol. ii.p. 105,-2(1 ediL 

t See the preceding reign, class II. 

^ •* Biog. Britan." Artie. Mat, note(£). 



\- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Uection of the Right Honourable the Karl of Ck' 
'Jon, in Mr. Lodge's " Illustrious Portraits.'" 

' .William Seyjiour, Sic.small oval. W.Richardson. 

"lie Marquis of Hertford was, in the preceding reign, imprisoned 
" Tower for marrying Arabella Sluart, who was nearly allied 
royal family.* He wos well bred, and eminently learned; 
vBB, by the king, thought a proper person to be intrasted 
; education of the licir to his crown. He had long devoted 
II to retirement, which he well knew how to enjoy ; and he 
d it the more for having formerly been at court. In the be- 
ing of the civil war, he was torn from bis beloved studies, and 
;d at the head of an army, where he acquitted himself with 
ge and conduct. He, as well as the Roman LucuUus, is an 
ice, that a man conversant with the Muses may know how to 
and to conquer. He, wiUi only two troops of horse, and fouc 
and foot, bravely resisted the whole force of the Earl of Bed- 
wbich consisted of above seven thousand foot, besides horu 
«uu artillery. Ob. 4 Oct. 1660; having been vestored to the 
dukedom of Somerset, in September, the same ycar.f 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, marquis of New- 
castle, S:c. Va/idj/ch- p. &vo. 

GuLiELMus Cavendish, march, et com. Novi 
Castri, itc. Vorslermans f. 4lo. 

William Cavexdish, duke of Newcastle, 
E. Bocquet sc. In " Noble Authors," by Park; 1806. 

William Cavendish, duke of Newcastle; oval. 
W. Richardson. 

See descriptions of other heads of him in the next division of this 
Class, and in the next reign. 

• See Ab, BELLA, in ■■ Blog. Briian," 

t Inlroduclion lu Aiiilii'j '■ Regislfr of Ihe G«rler." 




Williani CavenAifhXarle oENewr^' 
ftie, Vifcount Ma-n*field, Lord Boul. 
fover and. Ogle .* GeneraJl ouer his 
JWar'"Ariwf in theNordth parts trf" 
Xngland .<' 1S43 



SuUisUd k^'WRichardsonSeii.ll^-rork Uousi Strand 




\jj Ae J\ipmrj{onowrti.bu and truLv Generous, ^{okrt 
(Oeere Carle ok Oxford, Jo iBiUwec-kj.Sai 
ScaUs: octna thl z^^EarU^fthat^J&US'aTru^y^na 
tive C(mait-esh. J'l-t Was SMync at mi, puxae. of-' 
^^^Ma/iftcLi^nno to-^2. and iefi' ifsu.eidt/0 sons. 
^^^^^^L/rLntfL-n. trie- CoLUcti07i^Oam,ts ^ ti 



OF ENGLAND. 291 

The^Mcffquis of Newcastle, who was also gbverner to the Prince Creat. 
- W^leSy was so attached to the Muses, that he could not, like H^^^ 
tc Marquis of Hertford, leave them behind him ; he must carry 
uem to. the camp, and make Davenant, the poet-laureat, his lieu- 
lumt-general of the ordnance. Upon the eruption of the civil 
M*, he< raised a very considerable army in the northern counties, 
ith whi(:h he was successful against the parliament forces, and 
bfeftted Ferdinando, lord Fairfax, at Adderton Moor : but his sub- In Jane, 
sqneot conduct has been justly censured, and seems to have con- ^^^^ 
iboted greatly to the ruin of the king's affairs. After the defeat . 
r Marstbn' Moor, he transported himself beyond the seas, and 
aSy durmg^ the Interregnum, chiefly at Antwerp, where he amused 
iunelf with writing books. He was master of many accomplish- 
lenU^ and was much better qualified For a court, than a camp. He 
iideiiliood' horsemanship, music, and poetry; but was a better 
nrie«Min.'.than musician, and a better musician than a poet. He 
ied ia December, 1676. See the reign of Charles IL 



EARLS. 

■ ' • ■ 

ROBiERT VERB, earl of Oxford, &c. in armour. 
Uent ; 4 to. scarce. 

■ 1 

. Robb;rt VeerEj earl of Oxford, &c. W.Richardson. 

■ Robert Vere, earl of Oxford, after the example of several of his Creae. 
lieestors, addicted himself to arms. He, in the Low Countries, 



a regiment in the service of the States. Having, on 
faeral occasions, given sufficient proofs of his valour, he was 
fjjj^ at the siege of Maestricht, the 7th of Aug. 1632. Accord- 
K-to the inscription on his print, he was the twenty-third earl of 
Hbid, of the line of Vere ; but Sir William Segar and Heylin 
llpee in his being the nineteenth. His son Aubrey, who was also 
fjk martial spirit, was the twentieth and last earl of this illustrious 
kuiily. 

JAMES STANLEY, earl of Derby. See the 
Uterregnum. 



292 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

HENRY SOMERSET, earl of Worcester (after- 
ward marquis) ,on horseback ; in a field of battle ; 4;o. 

Henry SoMERSETjCarlofWorcester; oval. P. Skid 
Cd'c. Ato. This is Heiiiy, duke of Beaufort, in the reign 
of Charles II. 

Henrt Somerset, first marquis of Worcester. J 
Harding sc. quarto, in Coxe^s " Tour in Motivioutk- 
shire" 

The Earl of Worcester, when he was about eighty years of agV 
raised tiie firsl horse thut were levied for Charles 1. in Ae cil^ 
war; and entered into his service with all the ardour of a volnt, 
leer. No man of his years seemed ever to have retained more rf 
the fire and activity of youth; and the readiness and spriglitlinesS 
of his wit are said to have been do less extraordinary. His castle 
of tlagland, which had several times been a place of refuge for tie 
king;, was taken after he had bravely defended it in person; and 
the terms of capitulation were shamefully violated. This was ibe 
last garrison in England that held out for his majesty. He dieii 
in the custody of the parliament's black rod, in December, 1647,' 
in the eighty- fourth year of his age. He was reniarkable for the 
singularity of wearing a frize coat, in which he always was dressed 
when he went to court. 



HENRY HASTINGS, earl of Huntingdon. 
Hollar f. small oval. 

Henhv Ha-stings, earl of Huntingdon; smalloul 
W. Richardson. 

Cwat. Henry, earl of Huntingdon, was one of the first that rose for lie 

j^^g ' king in Leicestershire ; but, as he was far advanced in years, it 

was beyond his power to be as active in his cause as his inclination 




(^itnirij ijome^r/ftTt Earte of 
r\ 07--ce/r er^ tic. 



I 



Pttiiirhtd iy-W /U^A^^^^n c^fit Jb-^^ Za^ 



Jj 




■ d Bolr.*"-""''" 



l\J>JorUI/9S f>y 



WuMrtt/SnA'J'Jb-aft^- 



OF MNQLvAKI); 293 

jmpted him ta be. The defeels of the fatter. w^fe amply sup* 
ed by the zeal and Jictivity of the Lord Lotfghborottgh, bis^liQB^ 
10 wasr ittdefetigaW^ m h'lS servlcei 0*, 14r Nov. 1643. 



THOMAS WRIOTHESLEY, earl of Southamp- 
n. See tte ntext reign. 

PRANGIS (RUSSEL), earl of Bedford. Vm- 
ckp. Vertmsc. 1737; Illmt.Hidd. In the collection 
the Duke of Bedford, at Woburn. 

Frai^gis, earl of Bedford. Vandyckp. Vander- 
cht sc. 8vo. In Clarendon's " History J' 

rhis seems- to hglve bie^n dorffe afteFa painting at Waifwick 
stle.. At Wilton, is a double portrait t>f&e earl and hislady^ 
Tandyck. Hi^ portrait by Reme^ is, or was, at Penshurst. 

Francis^ earl of Dedfwd, Gi O.CGhver) Stent i 
mo. 

Francis RussELt, eirl of Bedford. Benoist sc. In 
zolletfs ^^ History of Mngland'^ 

• 
Irancis Russell, fourth earl of Bedford. 
1 J. Fry\ 1816 ; frdm the origimt of Vcmdycky in 
3 collection of his Grace the Duke of Bedford ; in 
V*. Lodge's *' Illustrious Portraits.'' 

F'rancis, earl of Bedford, was one of the avowed patrons of Creat. 
Brty in this reign, whose views extended only to the redress of 3?4q*S^ 
evances,'andservhig themselves ; and not to the subversion o^ 
: constitution. He was a leading member of the House of Lords ; , 
1 was thought to have a reach of understanding superior to any 
bis party. His death, which happened on the 9th of May, 
U, was regretted as an irreparable loss to the king.; as no man> 
roj.. II. 2 Q 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Iiad it so much in his power to restrain the outrage of the populiir 
leaders. Ho was the principal undertaker of tlie great work of 
draining the fens in the counties of Northampton, Cambridje, 
Huntingdon, Norfolk, aod Uncola ; of which Sir William Dugdde 
has published a weU-wriUen account* 

WILLIAM RUSSEL, earl of Bedford. Vandj/ckf. 
Houbraken sc. In Ike collection of Lord Spemxr. 

At Althorp is his portrait, together with that of George, W 
Digby, by Vandyck. There are a great number of other fiDepc- 
tures at the saaie place. See Class Vll, 

William Russell, &c. mezz. E. Lulterel; 
WtUiams. 

William Russell, &c. G. Glover. Sold by 
J.Hinde; small oval; scarce. 

William, earl of Bedford, lord Russel of Thorn- 
haugh, &c. on horseback. Sold by P. Slcnt; small Mo. 
unique. 

William, earl of Bedford, son of Earl I'rancis, was a Jiitin- 
guishcd member of the House of Peers, and a genera! of the horse 
in the service of the parliament, in the beginning of the civil wai. 
But he resigned his commission, and offered his service to the king, 
when he perceived that the republican party were more inclined to 
destroy tlie regal power, than to reduce it within bounds. He 
heartily concurred in the restoration of Charles II. as he did after- 
ward in the revolution. He was creiited duke of Bedford tie 
11th of May, 1694, and died the 7th of September, 1700, in rJie 
eighty-seventh year of his age. 



WILLIAM CECIL, earl of Salisbury, kaight 
the Garter. Hollar f. small oval. 



■ This book, whicb is n tbin folio, naiveij-Harce 
d leu guiucai. Il wu reprinted al Cambridf,*'- 




WiUiaiti Cecil Eari of Saliabu 
Knight of tke Garter. 









•*. . 



■• *«. 






■ I 



OF ENGLAND/ 296 

"he Earl of Salisbury was ambassador extraordinary to the court Cceat. 
i'rance, and one of the king's privy council. He seems to have' ^^^' 
t aloof from the troubles of this reign, being mtlch'more inclined 
emporize and provide for his own safety. This peer, Philip, 
of Pembroke, and the Lord Edward Howard, signed the en- 
ement to be faithful to the Commonwealth, and descended to 
(vith the parliament as representatives of the people. 



LORD NORTHAMPTON. Vertue sc. From a 
ture at General Compton's. One of the set of 

yalists. 

« 

Spencer Compton, earl of Northampton ; in 
irendons *' History ;" %vo. M. v. Gucht. 

Spencer Compton, second earl of Northampton. 
Cooper sc. From the original in the collection of the 
Dst Noble the Marquis of Northampton ; in Mr. 
dge's " Portraits of Illustriotis Persons.^' 

Tie Earl of Northampton was roused from a life of ease in the Creat. 
Qing of his days ; and 'dedicated himself, his family, and for- ^^^^' 
e, to the service of the king. Having raised a regiment of foot 
. a troop of horse, at his own expense, he engaged his four 
s to serve as officers under him. He submitted to aU the hard- 
>s of a common soldier, and acquitted himself, in his command, 
a all the activity and prudence of an experienced officer. After 
:iy signal exploits, he was killed, valiantly fighting, at Hopton 
ith ; having rejected, with disdain ^^ an oflPer of quarter from the 
my. Oft.March 19, 1642-3. 



WILLIAM FIELDING, earl of Denbigh, viscount 
elding, &c. Voerst sc. small h. sh. 

William, earl of Denbigh, who was a good sea-officer, and a 
ve active soldier, commanded as an admiral in several expedi- 
is, and displayed his courage^ on many occasions^ in the civil 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

war. He was a volunteer in Prince Rupert's regimeat, was as vi- 
gilant, aad pfttient of discipline, as if he had been traiaed up in the 
Borriee, and was ever among the foremost in all enterprises of 
danger. He died the 3d of April, 1643, having two or three daja 
before received several mortal wounds in a hot engagement, near 
Binningham. His journey to Spnin with Charles I. when piiace, 
is mentioned in the "Peerage;" but nothing is there said of his 
embassy to the Sophi of Persia; which, as we learn from the in- 
scription on his print, was in the year 1631.* 

BASIL FIELDING, earl of Denbigh, lord of 
Newnham Paddocks. Hollar f. small oval. 

Basil Fielding, earl of Denbigh, &c. lacedrujf; 
in armour. (Faithorm.) 

Basil Fielding, &c. W. N. Gardiner. 

Basil Fielding, &c. mefcu. Ato, R. Dunkarlon, 
1812. 

Basil Fielding, &c. Lelff ; \E. Harding ; fol. 

Basil Fielding, &c. Lely. V. Gucht. In"Hi!- 
ton/ of the Rebellion ;" Dublin, 1719; folio. 

Basil, son of William Fielding, earl of Denbigh, was aa officer 
in the parliament army, at Edge-hill, where his father fought for 
the king.t In 1644, he took Russel-house, in StafFord shire, anJ 
by that means opened a communication between Coventry and 



■ The celebrated picture of him, supposed to be painted b; VeUi$m, is in <!" 
pmsesslon of the Duke of HarailtoD. R. Cooper Diwja a drawing of |t in blut 
lead, prubablj with a view of engraving it — LonD Hailss. 

t Rapbaol, in hia bailie of Conalantine and Maientius, to intimate that Ibe) «eit 
engaged in a civil war, bas represented a father taking up Ibe dead bod; of ln> 
son ; will] sentiraenls, which Ibat gieiit painlct knew how to eipWM, but none bull 
fatlter can feci. 




Bafll Keliing, "Earle of Denbigh. 
Lord of ireAvnhamFaddocW, 



OF ENGiAHD^ 297 

QdoD. He, siftetward, with a small Qumber of vmn, routed tluEee 
lusaod of the king's forces, ;s^9it to. the relief of Dudley Castle, 
ich he was thea besieging. Upon the new-modelling of the 
ly, he resigned his commission, together with the Earls of Essex 
1 Manchester, 06; 28 Noy. 1675. 



LIONEL GRANFIELD, earl of Middlesex, &c. 
ollarf. small ovaL 

Lionel Cranfield, earl of Middlesex. Bocquetsc. 
^om the original at Knowle; m Park's . *' Nobk 
uthors^' 1806. 

Lionel Cranfi.ei:.d, esB^ c^ Mi441§§ex. Jlard- 

^ sc. \.'. . . 

Lionel Oranfieldj earl of Middlesex* E. Scriven 
. From the original by My tens y in the coltection of his 
'race the Duke of Dorset ; in I/)dge*s ^^ Illmtrioiis 
ortraitsr : . 

Inhere is an original portrait Of hi|xi at Knowle, in Kent. 
Lionel Cranfield, earl of Middlesey,%lib was T)red in the custom- Great. 
Use, was well versed in the Hieory and practice of trade. By ^^J*^' • 
i interest of the Duke of Buckingham, his kinsman, he was, in 
i late reign, advanced . to the office of lord high-treasurer. He 
Lrmured at the expense of the journey to Spain, which gave 
^at offence to the duke ; and was, in several instances, less ob- 
luious than that favourite had usually found his creatures. Mid- 
isex, who had great pride, thought it beneath a lord-treasurer 
be a tool of the Duke of Buckingham, though he was a lord- 
£i£urer of his own making. He was questioned in parliament, 
1 found guilty of malversation in hvs office : upon which his trea- 
*Qr's staff was taken from him; he was rendered incapable of 
ling in the House of Peers, and heavily fined. The duke seems 
have gratified his revenge, and mprcover to have had an eye to 



298 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

his interest in this prosecution ; as he is said to have had the earl'9 
house at Chelaea, foe his own share of the fine.* Ob. 6 Aug. 164S, 



HENRICUS RICH, comes HoUandise, S;c. Van- 
dyck p. P,Clmaet sc. h.sh. 

Henhv Rich, earl of Holland, &c. Stenl ; h.sh. 

Heshy Rich, &c. Voersi sc. There is atwt/icr in 
Lord Ctarendons " History." 

Hen'rv Rich, earl of Holland ; in an oval; 4/u. 
Samuel Cooper phis. John Godefroy sculp. 1796. 

Henhy Rich, earl of Holland. Gerimia 9C. In 
" Noble Authors" by Park ; 1806. 

Henry Rich, earl of Holland; oval, wHH trophies: 
Ato. J. .Tenner. 

Henry Rich, earl of Holland; small oval. (Fa'i- 
thorne.) Sold by Peakc. 

Henev Rich, earl of Holland, with Robert, ear! 
of Warwick ; small oval. H. Cochin. 

Henry Rich, earl of Holland, &c. s7iiaU owl- 
Sold i?i Cannon-street. 

There are several portraits of him by Vandyck; that alhi^i 
Breadalbanc's, at Tnymouth, in Scotland, is remarkably fine. 
Cr«at. The Earl of Holland, captain of the king's guard, and general 

3 April, of the horse in the expedition to Scotland, was much in fai"" 
with James I. who wantonly lavished 3000/. upon him at 




GnarMti pvm am. UnaiHal yicturt ff au ittmt Ml 



nily 



V'i ' 



J'a.tU^ii Atf^h'hjjS ty ^'n^ih^'i,^,>..y<,rkHr,<ucfril ytraml. 



^ 



■ 



w 



■ *! 






\ ■ ' 
• I 

1 ■ 

i ; 

u; 

-I I ■ 

■ Y ' 

•ii •:■ 

•I ' ■ 



f 



»r I - ■ 

"ii ; ■ 

'h 



■ '.li 



[■' 



# 





Oliver S'loWn EarlerfBulh. 
broote UrilSTohnofBlelfo 



TuhJulyuJgshfVRjot^dfor'll'Jl/"'' 



■■;* •■•• 





A^.J/i//'* */'-»-«!"■'/="- ■'''*■'"""'•' 



OF ENGLAND. 299 

dme.* In the latter end of the reign of James, he was sent 
ambassador to France, where he negotiated the treaty of marriage 
between Charles and Henrietta Maria. His handsome person, gal- 
lant behaviour, and courtly address, are thought to have made an 
early impression upon the heart of that princess, of whom he is 
known to have been a distinguished favourite.f His conduct was 
so various with respect to the king and parliament, that neither 
party had the least regard for him; if they did not both look upon 
Urn as their enemy. He made a rash and feeble effort for the king 
■i little before he was beheaded ; and soon afler fell himself, but 
anlamented, by the hand of the executioner. He was e^ftcuted 
G^ 9th of March, 1648-9. 



OLIVER SAINT JOHN, earl of BuUingbrooke 
^olingbroke). Hollar f. a small oval. 

r 

Oliver Saint Jouif, earl of Bullingbrooke 
^Bolingbroke) ; small ovaL W. Richdrdson. 

The Earl of Bolingbroke and his family zealously espoused the Great. 
luise of the parliament. Oliver, his grandson, who was colonel of ^F^^' 
i, regiment in the parliament army, was killed at Edge-hill. He 
i^ succeeded in title and estate by another Oliver, son of Pawlet, 
ps second son. 

MILDMAY FANE, earl of Westmoreland, &c. 
fSfbllarf. a small oval. 

"MiLDMAY, earl of Westmoreland, baron le De- 
nser," &c. J. B. N. invenit, P. Williamsen sc. 
62. Under the head is a representation of an army 
\rching, and of a siege. This alludes to his actions 
\jhe civil war. — The plate, which is well engraved, 
in the possession of Richard Bull, esq.;}: 

See Home's " History/* vol. iv. p. 116. 

''Rojal and Noble Authors/' vol. I. p. 132, and 212, second edit. 

rbe present Earl of Westmoreland, whose father, the late Lord Burghersh, upon 




300 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORV 

MiLDMAY Fane, earl of Westmoreland, &c. md 
oval. W. Richardson. 

MiLDMAT Fane, earl of Westmoreland ; in" Noble 
Authors,'' btj Park; 1806. 

Crest The Earl of Westmoreland, in the beginning of the citi! wa:, 

I>ec, 99. sided tritli the kipg ; but in 164-3, he declared for the parlknen^ 
'^ ' to which he afterward adhered. He was an ingenious man 
and a patron of ingenuity in others. Cleaveland speaks i 
high strain of some verses wliich he sent him. He says, '' It wm 
almost impossible to read your lines and be sober,"* He pw- 
Bented his poems in Latin and English, cntided " O^a £iiai7,"ti) 
the library of Emmanuel College, in Cambridge. It is a qnatU 
volume of 174 pages, adorned with plates, printed by 
Cotes, 1 645. It appears by the last poem, that no copies w 
Ob. 12 Feb. 1665. 

r GEORGIUS CAREW, comes de Totnes, &c 

Vaerslf. Before his " Pacata Kiberma," folio; pu^ 
lishcd by his natural son, Thomas Stafford, 1633. 

George Caiiew, earl of Totnes, in armour; smi 
quarto. W. Richardson. 

George Carew, earl of Totnes ; in " No^ 
Authors," by Park; 1800, 

His portrait is in the gallery at Gorharabury. 
Creal. George Carew, earl of Totnes, ivho was a younger son of a 
leis. qC Ejie^pj.^ enjoyed several great offices, civil and military, in 
land, in tlie reign of Elizabeth. But his greatest glory vn 



Ihe aiiplicalioo of Ricbacd Bull, esq. permitted some few impreuioas ti 
from it, fur the graijficaiioti of portrdl cu I leclors.— Bindley. 

Mr. Bnll tDlil IQC Ihe plnte was lust wlicn the Carl o( Weitmorclnnd n 
land.— The earl bnuglit nn irapreaion in Sit W, Musgrave"! aaie, 1800.— W. R- 

■ LeilEr to tli« Earl of WEatmoreUnd, in Cleaveland's waiki. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

LLiAM Cavendish, earl of Newcastle, &a 
armour; Sro. 

There are several portraits of him at Welbeck, by Diepenbeck, 

who designed the prints for hb book of horsemanship, &c. See the 

^ceding division of this Class. 

RY GREY, earl of Standford. Hollar f. « 
oval. 

Henry Grey, earl of Stamford; on hors 
mt ; Ato. vieic of Hull ; rare. 

Henry Gray, earl of Stamford, lord Gray, (rf 
Gray Bonville, &c. in Ricra/t's " Survey of England's] 
Champions,'' 1649. 

Henry Gray, earl of Standford (Stamford); md 
oval. W. Richardson. 

■ There la a portrait of him at Dunham, the seat of the Eul of 
Stamford. 

Henry, lord Grey, of Groby, married Anne, daughter and cote 
of WilUam Cecil, earl of Ejtetcr ; in whose right he was pussessed 
of the castle, borough, and manor of Stamford, whence he t«i 
his title. He was colonel of a regiment in the parliament annj, 
■ under the Earl of Essex, and wasi very active in their serviee, iwf' 
ticularly in Herefordshire and Cornwall. In the " Mercurius Ros- 
ticua,"" is an account of his sending Captain Kirle to plunder lfi( 
house of Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodwich.t in the county of 
Hereford, who was supposed to have been plundered ofteuer iIm 
any other person during the civil war. He was grandfather of ibe 
celebrated dean of St. Patrick's. J The Earl of Stamford died fc 
2lst of August, 1673. 

• P. 71. ediL 1646. 

i Goodrich. 

t See Ihc ■■ Life of Dc, Sirift," by Heme Sitift, psct- 




Henry Gr^ Earle of Jtandford. , 
Lord Gi«X "^ Grohy, fionvile ancL 
Harhiftian dc 



..,r . 1^00 iy V^JtC'd/'lt. N-^lJI'or.d 



i; 




Mounl-IoyBlunl Earle of Newport Lord 
Moutil-loy i>f Thmv« I on, Malter oflKe_ 



P-»lAufl.<800 by WT^^arJfi^N' Jl ftrand. 




Mount by Blunt Earle o£ Newt)ort Lord 
Mfuni-loy of Tliuiveston, MafUr of tfie , 



FiilAu^t.'SOO hy WRtcAorjf'^N* Ol ffrand 



OF ENGLAND. 303 

MOUNTJOY BLUNT (Blount), earl of New- 
ort. Hollar f. a small aval. 

The Lord MouNTjOY Blount, M. D. Martin 
^roeshout sc. 8vo. rare: afterward printed with a 
>rder; which is also scarce. 

MouNTjOY Blount, earle of Newport, &c. small 
*aL W. Richardson: 

Mountjoy Blount was a natural son of Charles Blount, earl of Great. 
ev:onshire, by Penelope, daughter of Walter Devereux^ earl of \^^' 
ssex, and wife of Robert, lord Rich. He was created baron of 
^urlston by James I. and earl of Newport by Charles. He was 
e^ter of the ordnance, and one of the council of war in the royal 
tny. He died at Oxford in 1665, and lies buried at Christ 
:iurch. 



HIERONYMUS WESTON, comes Portlandiae. 
andj/ck p. Hollar/, h. sh. This is copied by Gay wood. 

There Js another, smaller^ in Lord Clarendons 
History /'before the character of his f(fther. 

Jerome, son of Richard Weston, earl of Portland, lord-treasurer Creat. 
this reign, was a man of good abilities, of various learning, and JgZ 
^iiteel accomplishments ; which enabled him to speak pertinently a Car. I. 
^ gracefully upon every occasion. He was a gopd statesman, 
fi had the reputation of being well skilled in naval afiairs, in 
e reign of Charles IL He died, according to Heylin, the 16th 
18th of March, 1662; according to Lloyd, 1663-4.* Hi* 
ti Charles, a young nobleman of great expectation, voluntarily 
tered himself into the sea-service under the Duke of York. He 
M killed in an engagement with the Dutch, the 3d of June, 

* I look upon the authority of Hejlin to be better than that of Llojrd. 




Mount-Ity Blunt EaHe of Newport Lord 
Mount-Ioy ufTJiuiveiton, Mailer ofdie. 
Ore! na.nc* 



Fid Auy 1.18 <^0 by W7^^J.arjfo^If3lftr^nd. 



OF ENGLAND. 306 

Thomas^ earl of Strafford. Hollar, f. a small aval. 

Thomas, earl of Str^-fford. Vaughan sc. robes of 
the Garter ; whole length ; 4to. 

Sir Thomas Wentwouth, &c. lord-lieutenant of 
Ireland ; collar of the Garter. 

Thomas, earl of Strafford. G. G. (Glover); \2mo. 

Thomas Wentworth, comes Straffordise ; 12mo. 

Sir Thomas Wentworth, &c. R. White sc. h. sh. 

Thomas Wentwordt, Hibernia prorex, &c* l2mo. 

. Thomas Wentwordt, gi-ave Van Strafford, &c. 

Thomas, earl of Strafford. Moncomet exc. 4to. 

Sir Thomas Wentworth, earl of Strafford, and 
Sir Philip Mainwaring, his secretary. Vandyck p. 
Vejtue sc. 1739; h.sh. 

The original of this is at Blenheim, and much inferior to the 
Uext, which Mr. Walpole esteems the finest picture of Vandyck,* 

Thomas Wentworth, earl of Strafford, and Sir 
I^hilip Mainwaring. Vandyck p. Houston f 

This print was never published. The original is at the Marquis 
of Rockingham's, at Wentworth-house, 

Progenies Straffordiana : naniely, Williani, 
lord Wentworth, afterward earl of Strafford ;t Lady 



* See " Anecdotes of Paintiog," vol. ii. p. 104, 2cl cdifc. 
t He died, without issue, in Oct. 1695. 



306 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



Anne Wentworth, married to Edward, lord Bock^j 
Ingram ; Lady Arabella Wentworth, married to 
Honourable Justin' Ma6cartie, son of the Earl of < 
cartie (Clancarty). Vertue sc. 1739 ; h. sh. 

Thomas Wbntworth, &c. with an account of 
execution, in English and Dutch ; large h.sh. 

!rcai. Sir Thomas Wentwprth^ who had didtiDguiflhed himsdf 

^i^' the foremost of the popular leaders in the House of Commons^ < 
5Cir.I. sudden attached himself. to jthejdng. He was' soon after 

to the House of Peers, was made lord-president of the Norfh^i 
lord-lieutenant of Ireland. He was great from .his honoun 
preferments; but much greater in, and from himself. The 
tion from his party, the elevation of his rank, the plmitude oCI 
power, and' the dread of his abilities, rendered him, in the" ~ 
degree, obnoxious to the patriots, who persecuted him with 
lenting hatred. He pleaded his cause, upon his tnal, with a'( 
ness and strength of reason, that must have acquitted him in 
court, but such as was determined to condemn him. When 
saw that the force of argument was not likely to prevail, he 
recourse to the pathetic, of ivhich he was a great master, 
were the powers of his eloquence, that many who sincerely 
the prime minister, as sincerely pitied the man. In the last di 
f ul scene of his life, he acquitted himself with a greatness of i 
suitable to the dignity of his character. His enemies expresssi] 
malignant joy upon this occasion; but his dismayed and 
friends considered his death as a prelude only to more executi( 
Beheaded the 12th of May, 1641. 

THE EARL OF CLEVELAND ; from a dn 

in the King's *^ Clarendon'* Cooper so. 8vo. 

Thomas Wentworth, created lord Wentworth of Nettlested,] 
the county of York, by King James I. in 1610, wa^ further 



* This is the character of the Earl of Strafford, as it is represented by the , 
rality of oar historians. Mrs. Macaalay would think it too favourable : and itfl 
to be acknowledged, that that ingenious lady has incontestibly prored, that i 
parts of his conduct coincided too much with the arbitrary proceedings of 



. OF ENGLAI^D. 307 

e dignity of earl of Cleveland by Charles I. in the, first year 
is reign ; and .during tile misfortunes of that injured: ^lon^rch 
I the royal cause with the most extraordinary prudence, 
ige, and loyalty, and, had at last the good fortune to see the 
ration of Charles II. ; whom he accompanied in his triumphant 
' into London, at the head of three hundred noblemen and 
enien. With this monarch he enjoyed the same est^m as he 
^th James and Charles I. and, moreover^ was also appointed 
[ the same honourable posts that he had enjoyed during the^r 

3 died the 25th of March, 1667, aged 76. By Anne, his first 
daughter of Sir John Crofts, of Saxham, in the county of Suf- 
knt. he had three sons, Thomas, William, and Charles; also 
i daughters, Anne, who died an infant, Mary, who died un- 
ied, and another Anne, who became the wife of John, lord 
dace. His second wife was Catharine, daughter and coheir 
ir John Wentworth, of Gosfield, in Essex ; by whom he had 
laughter, Catharine, married to William Spenser, of Cople, ia 
ounty of Bedford. 

le male issue of the Earl of Cleveland dying in their father's 
the earldom became extinct ; and the barony of Wentworth 
ended to his granddaughter and heir, Henrietta Wentworth, 
ell known in history as connected with the unfortunate Duke 
onmouth. 



.ORD LICHFIELD. Vertue sc. One of the sei of 
mlists ; in the collection of the (late) Duke of Kent. 

smard Stuart, earl of Lichfield, was the youngest of the five 
of the Duke of Richmond and Lenox, who served in the royal 
^.* He commanded the king's troop, which consisted of a 
Ired and twenty persons of rank and fortune ; who, on every 
ision, exerted themselves with a generous ardour for their sove- 
1, and were victorious in several actions. He was created earl 
ichfieldf in consideration of his gallant behaviour near that 
This excellent young nobleman, who Was as much esteemed 



He bad seven sons in all. 

HejUn'says, in his "Help to History/', that he was not actoally credtcld ; but 

contradicted by Lord Clarendon, and others. 




308 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

for his rirtuea in private life, as he was admired for his v&loor and 
coDduct in the lield,was killed at the battle of Rowton Heath, Deai 
Chester,* having first secured the retreat of the king, whose person 
was in ^at danger. Ob. 36 Sept, 1645. 



HENRY SPENCER, first earl of Sunderland, 
.^.23. Walker pin.v. Bocqiict sc. Aio. private plate, i 
engraved at the cipeiise of the present Earl Spencer. 

He.vhy Spencer, first earl of Sunderland, jE(.22 
Walker pinx. R. Cooper sc. In Mr. ZiOdge's " lUta- k 
trious Heads;" Ato. 

Henhy Spencer, first earl of Sunderland. A 
Cooper sc. J. Cauljield exc. Ato. 

Henry, lord Spencer, eldest son of William, lord Spencer, of 
Wonnleighton, by Penelope, eldest daughter of Henry Wriotheslej, 
earl of Southampton, was born at Althorp, and baptized on ite 
23d ofNovembcr, ]fi'20. Indebted to nature for a fervent incli- 
nation to learning-, and having had the good fortune to be placed 
under an ablo tutor, the quickness of his apprehension, and fc 
solidity of his judgment, led him soon to those generous exercises 
and useful recreations, whicli arc al once the ornament and 'in [ 
solace of a noble mind. His education commenced at Magdaiffl p 
College, Oxfoid, boruie he was sixteen years of age; and his pro- 
ficiency afforded so remarkable pledge of his future attainineDliT 
that King Charles and his queen, honouring the untveisilj, ■i''' 
their pteeence at that time, it was his majesty's pleasure tliattb 
degree of master of arts should be conferred upon him; vHA 
was accordingly done in convocation, on the 31st of August, 

On the 19th of December following, he succeeded his fatherH 
Lord Spencer, and had not attained his twentieth year, when lix 
Earl of Southampton, his guardian, and the Lady Penelope, l>ii 
mother, contracted with Robert, earl of Leicester, for his mani^ 



OF ENGLAND. 309 

>kh Lady Dorothy Stdnfey^ daughter of that earL She was a lady 
^ uDcommon beauty and accomplishments ; and, under the name 
-%f Sacharissa, is highly celebrated by Waller^ who, a widower at 
the age of twenty-five years, felt for her that tender passion which 
gave birth to verses that made her beauty triumph over time. The 
^t, however, not being so successful in his addresses to Sacha- 
lissa, as he had been in the elegant strains with which she had in- 
spired him, her marriage with Lord Spencer was celebrated at 
Penshurst, on the 20th of July, 1639; and soon afterward he and 
his lady accompanied the Earl of Leicester, on his return to his 
embassy in France. 

After his return from that country, in 1641, he took his seat in 
the House of Peers ; and was courted by both parties, on account 
of his eminent abilities. But that ardent love for the liberties of 
his country, which he inherited from his ancestors, soon deter- 
mined his choice ; and, having united with those who had asso- 
ciated in order to detect the violators of the constitution, he was 
nominated by the popular interest to the office of lord^ieutenant 
of the county of Northampton. Yet his just sense of duty towards 
the crown, and his reverence for the government, both in church 
iind state, induced him soon to abandon a party, which, by a want 
of discernment, too common in the minds of reformers and anar-> 
chists, was, in his opinion, subverting the bases of all social order, 
Ihe obligations of conscience, and the laws of the land ; and he 
courageously declared in parliament (the last words he uttered 
there), '' that they might have been satisfied long before, if they 
liad not asked things that deny themselves ; and if some men had 
not shuffled demands into their propositions, on purpose that they 
might have no satisfaction.*' 

The great national struggle becoming more and more serious, his 
lordship openly joined the royal party, and attended the king to 
Tork, and from thence to Nottingham, where the standard was 
erected on the 25th of August, 1642. At Shrewsbury, the vacil- 
lating and undecisive conduct of Charles was so particularly re- 
inarked, that it appears to have created considerable disgust in 
Lord Spencer, who, as he writes to his lady, on the 21st Sept. 
1642, would not have continued an hour with the army, if an ex- 
pedient could have been devised "to save the punctilio of honour." 
The memorable battle of Edge-hill was fought on the 23d of the 
following month; and Lord Spencer, with other noblemen as 
volunteers, charged in the king's guard of horse. His lordship 

VOL. II. 2 s 



310 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

marcbed, after the battle, with the royal army to Oxford; and 
irftB about that time, at the taking of Bristol by the forces ander 
Prince Rupert. On the 8lh of June, 1643, he was advanced to the 
dignity of earl of Sunderland, by patent dated at Oxford; a.nd it 
is worthy of meDtion, that, at the time of bis creation, he was said 
to be allied to all the nobility then at court, escept the Duke of 
Hamilton. 

Like many, however, of the unfortunate king's aflectionate ad- 
herents, he was destined not to survive the contest ; and fell in the 
flowM of his age, a glorious victim to his zeal and bravery in tbe 
defence of his royal master, at the battle of Newbury, on the 20tfi 
of September, 1643; being struck with a cannon-ball, before the 
party of horse, in which he had volunteered, could come to the 
charge. His remains were interred in the family vault, at Brington, 
in Northamptonshire, 

By his wife, the Lady Dorothy Sidney (who afterward on the 8tb 
ef July, 1652, marritd Robert Smith, esq. of Sutton, in Kent, and 
was buried at Brington on the 25th of February, 1683-4), the Ear! |_ 
tt Sunderland had issue an only son, Robert, second earl of 
derland, and two daughters, Dorothy, who married George Saville, 
afterward marquis of Hallifas, and Penelope a posthumous daugh- 
ter, who died an infant. 

Henry, earl of Sunderland, was great grandfather of his Gra« 
the late Duke of Marlborough and Earl of Sunderland; and of 
John, earl Spencer, father of George- John, now earl Spencer. 

The Lord JOHN, and the Lord BERNARD 
STUART, the youngest sons of Esme, duke of 
Lenox. Vamlyck p. R. Tompxon exc. In Ihe collection 
of the E(irl(lute Dulce) of Kent; large h.sh. jnezz. 

The Lord Juiijj, and the Lord Bernard Sru.iRi. 

Vandifck p. J. M". Ardellf. From the same origiml, 
with the next above; sh. mezz. The picture is at Jjid 
Uardicicke's, 

The Lord John Stuart, fourth son* to the Duke of Richmoni, 
and elder brother to the Lord Lichfield, was remarkable forevEiJ 

■ He >VBS, according lo some nccounu of Ihe family, the fiflh son. 



OP ENGLAND. 3U 

/ 

)od aad amiable quality, by which that nobleman was distin- 
aished ; nor was he inferior to him in courage : but rather seem^ 
> have been valiant to excess ; as he, with great intrepidity, com-* 
anded a body of light^horse up a hill, at Cheriton Down, in 
•der to attack Sir William Waller's army, where he fejl into an 
nbuscade of the enemy. He had two' horses killed under him, 
id received six wounds before he fell. He died amidst 'several 
ondred of his men, with whose dead bodies his own was sur- 
)un'ded. He lies buried at Christ Church, in Oxford, with 
lother brother, who was killed at Edge-hill. Ob. 29 Mar. 1644. 
he younger, is the same person with the Earl of Lichfield, before 
lentioned. 

HENRY DANVERS, earl of Danby; mezz. 
t. V. Dyck ; V. Green ; whole lengthy from the Hough- 
m collection. 

This lord was son of Sir John Daitvers, by Elizabeth, daughter 
' John Nevil, lord Latimer, son-in-law of Queen Catharine Parr, 
id was first distinguished by his behaviour in the Low Countries, 
here he served under Prince Maurice, and afterward in France 
ader Henry IV. when he was knighted for his valour. In the 
•ish wars he was lieutenant-general of the horse, and sergeant- 
lajor of the whole army, under Robert, earl of Essex, and Charles, 
»rd Mountjoy. In the first of King James I. he was made baron 
I Dauntesey, and afterward lord-president of Munster and gover- 
Dr of Guernsey by King Charles L He was created earl of Darby, 
lade a privy-counsellor and knight of the Garter. He founded 
fce Physic Garden at Oxford, and died aged 71, 1643, at Cornbury, 
Qd was buried at Dauntesey, in Wiltshire, where he built an alms- 
ouse and free-school. 

HENRY WILMOT, earl of Rochester ; an etching. 
Claussin.) 8vo. 

Henry Wilmot, earl of Rochester. T. Rodd exc. 

Henry Wilmot, only son of Charles, viscount Wilmot, of Athlone, 
t Irelandi was for his many eminent services and zeal in the royaT 



3)2 BIOGKAnilCAL HISTORY 

rause, created by Charles I. lord Wilmol, baron of Adderbury. in 
Oxfordshire, and by Charles 11. at Paris, in 1652, advanced to ibc 
title of carl of Rochester. He waa a nobleman of considerable 
abilitieB and honour. He died at Dunkirk, in 1639; and m 
buried in the church of Spellsbury, in Oxfordshire. 

JOHN BYRON, lord Byron ; an etching. P. Paul, 
1777 ; from a drawing in the King") *' Clarendon." 

John, lord Byron. R. Cooper sc. 

Lord Byron was roemberfor Nottingham in the reign of Jamesl. 
and Id the first parliament of King Charles ; at whose corooatioD 
bfl WW made knight of the Bath, and was a trusty adherent to ilie 
cause of the king, who made him lieutenant of tlie Tower in 1641, 
in the room of Sir Thomas Lunsford, but not to Uie satisfactioQ of 
flw House of Commons ; as they thought him too faithful to hii 
lOyal master. The king at last being much pressed, cont'errd 
the Ueutenancy on Sir John Coniers, at the request of Sir John 
Byron, whose parson and reputation had been exposed to the ooi- 
mosity of the people ; as he had upon frivolous occasions been seal 
for as a delinquent, and been brought upon his knees at the bar of 
both houses. For his faithful services he was advanced to the dig- 
nity of a baron, by the title of Lord Byron, of Rochdale, in tie 
county of Lancaster. He was afterward made Held-roarshal-geDC' 
lal, and appointed governor to his royal highness the Duke of 
York. He died at Paris 1652. 



A VISCOUNT, &c. 

WILLIAM FINES (Fiennes), viscount Sayaod 
Seale (Sele). Hollar/, a small oval. 

There is a small whole length of him on horseback, by W. Shet- 
win; and a head in Clarendon's " History." 

William, viscount Say and Seale, master of the 
court of wardcsj fee. ifi armour, on horseback ; soldb^ 




WtHiamltneiVircbunl Sey and 
Sea-Le LordS^«nil SeaU. 



f',,1 'lri,ifj6h:i'\Yi.,i.,„,ij,.:if,Aii,,.i-i 



Fit. •; 



M- ■ 



r 

• I 

I 

I 
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' ! I 



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I , ii 


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JV? -. 


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I : 



OF ENGLAND. ^13 

John Hind. — ^Query if this is the same as mentioned 
Defore ? 

William Fines, viscount Say, &c. Harding, 

William Fines, &c. Pcake exc: 

Wm. Fiennes, viscount Say and Seale. Geremia 
tc. In " Noble Authors,'' by Park; 1806. 

The Lord Say was an eminent parliamentary leader in this Created 
eigpi. He was the last master of the court of wards, which was I/?^^', 
tbolished by the parliament, who granted him 10,000/. and a 
»sirt of the £4H of Worcester's estate^ as a compensation for the 
OSS of his place. He was one of the chiefs of the Independant 
^erty, and consequently a republican; and was among the first 
hat bore arms against the king. This high-spirited lord, who had 
be most elevated, or what some would call, the most chimerical 
Lotions of civil liberty, upon the defeat of those projects in which 
« had so great a share, retired with indignation to the Isle o^f 
«iindy, on the coast of Devon, a place which, from its situation^ 
^'as of such difficult access, that his own servants might have de- 
coded it against an army. He continued a voluntary prisoner in 
Us fastness till the Protector's death.* But he was preferred to 
t^e great office of privy seal by Charles II. according to the pru- 
^nt maxim, of that prince, to /'caress his foes, and trust his 
^ends.'* Ob. April 14, 1662. 

PHILIP, lord Herbert, inscribed " Philippus, 

2omes Pembrokiae,*' iEt. 18. Tandy ck p. Lombartsc. 

• sh. — The original picture is at Wilton. *' 

Philip, lord Herbert, was fourth son of Philip, earl of Pembroke, 
^:rd-chamberla]n of the household, by Susan, daughter of Edward, 
^1 of Oxford. He succeeded his father in title and estate, and 
'^us himself Succeeded by his son William* His marriages and 
»ue are mentioned in the " Peerage." 

• Echard, p. 716. 



BIOGRAPUICAL HISTORY 

1 lY, baron of Mowbray, and Maltravers,* &c. 

Hollar f. a small oval . The Jirst impression is with 
Thomas, carl 0/ Arundel, another oval in the sameplaie. 

Henry, baron of Mowbray and Maltravers, was eldest son of 
Tboraas Howard, earl of Arundel, aad father of Henry, duke of 
Norfolk, who gave the Arundel Marbles to the university of Oi- 
ford. The earl, at hia death, divided his personal estate betwisl 
the Lord Maltravers, and hia brother. Sir William Howard, vis- 
count Stafford. This was the first division of hia collection. Oi, 
1652. 

The LORD DIGBY, in armour; in Lard Clarm- 
don's " Historif ;" Bvo. • 

LoitD DiGBY. P. Stent e.rc. \2mo. 

George, lord Digrby, eldest son of tlie Earl of Bristol, was a raw 
or great parts, courage, and enterprise. But his understandiog 
frequently misled him ; his courage was attended with tlie usual 
effects of cowardice; and his enterprises were generally unsuc- 
cessful. He wrote letters to Sir Kenelm Digby, to convert him W 
the Protestant religion ; and was himself, by his answers, converteJ 
to popery. These letters are in print. He was also author of a 
comedy called "Elvira," and translated the three first books of 
" Cassandra" from the French. See the Interregnum. 

THOMAS BELASYSE. viscount Fauconbei^, 
bom 1577 ; %cith his arms. E. Mascal pin^v. From an 
original at Neichrough, Yorkshire. (Halfpenny) fed!. 

SirTliomas Belasyse was, in consideration of his great meriU] 
advanced by King Charles I. to the dignity of a baron of tlie reaioi 
25 May, 1627. Faithfully adhering to the king, in the time ofliis 
unhappy troubles, he was created viscount Fauconberg, of Hen- 
knowle, in the county paladue of Durham, by letters patent bearing 

' He was comiiioiily called llio Loid Mnllriivc.!. 




Henry Baron ASowbraj' and 
itoilravera. 





H^^ -WHaTtoD , lord "VOiairton > 
cf"Whaxton.. 



j-ainAi^d jm i.y «s,ow^™ i:;-^ ii.L.. /*- 



OF ENGLAND. 315 

;e at Oxford, Jan. 31, 164>2-d. His lordship having a friend* 
p with William Cavendish, marquis of Newcastle, followed the 
tunes of that nobleman in the siege of York, which held out 
*ee months against three powerful armies ; and on the loss of 
3 day at the battle of Marston Moor, July 2, 1644, the marquis 
ving embarked at Scarborough, for Hamburgh, Loi;d Faucon- 
Tg accompanied him in his foreign adventures. He landed with 
e marquis, safe at Hamburgh, but was obliged to compound for 
s estate with the sequestrators at 5012/. 18«. He died in 1652,, 
;ed 75, and was buried in the parish church of Cockswold, in 
ecounty of York. 



BARONS. 

t 

The true effigies of the old Lord WHARTON; 

ght English verses ; blackcap; sword; trunk breeches ; 
'crce. 

Philip Wharton, lord Whartpiij of Wharton. 
^ollarf. a small ovaL : -; 

Philip WhartqNj &c* small <waL WJ ^Richardson: 

There is an original of him at Wreste, by Vandyck, from the 
barton collection, and afterward in the Houghton. 
Philip, lord Wharton, engaged in the senfee of the parliament, 
^ all the political zeal for which his family has been remarkable. 
5 courage like that of the duke, his grandson, was by no means 
^ most shining quality ; as he, as well as the latter, knew much 
^T how to exercise his tongue than his sword.* He was a 
l^nel in the parliament service at Edge-hill ; where, as we are in- 
^ed by Walker, he hid himself in a saw-pit.t He, with the 
^1 of Rutland, Sir Henry Vane the elder, and several others, 
^ appointed a resident commissioner at Edinburgh, to attend the 



* The duke be drew out half bis sword, 

the guard drew out the rest. 

The Duke of Wharton of himself. 

t " Historj of Independeiicj, part I. p. 84. 



316 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

parliament of Scotland ; as tbe 9cots had their resident coininifi|i; j 
sioners at London, to attend the English parliaments* In the 
reign^ he was imprisoned in the Tower, for calling in questkn Mr- 
legality of the Long Parliament of Charles XL 

LORD NEWBURGH ; from a drawing in ll 
King's ** Clarendon'' R. Cooper st. 

Lord Newburghi who married the Lady Aubigney, inhabited 
.lodge in Bagshot Park, at the time Charles I. was conveyed 
Hurst Castle, in order to be brought to trial by the s^lf- 
high court of justice* When a plan was formed by this n< 
and his lady to effect the escape of the king from his guaidsi 
scheme was frustrated through the vigilance of General'Hi 
who never permitted the king out of the sight of himself, and 
upwards of one hundred guards, all exceedingly well m( 
and every man, officer, and soldier, having a pistol ready in 
hand. Lord Newburgh rode some miles into the forest in 
pany with the king, but was at length required by Harrison to le-^ 
turn back to his home. After the death of his majesty, Lord New- 
burgh and his lady retired to the Hague, and subsequently Ui 
lordship had the command of one of the four regiments raised a 
Flanders for the service of Charles XL by whom he was held ii 
great favour and esteem. 



ROBERT, lord Brooke, &c. who was shot at Uck* 
field; 12mo. 

Robert, lord Brooke; in Clarendon's ^^ Histor}i^\ 
Svo. ! 

1 
Robert Grevile, lord Brooke. Geremia sc. h 

''Noble Authors^ by Mr. Park; 1806* 

Robert, lord Brooke, &c. on horseback; ten Engluk 
verses; his arms suspended under an arch, 4to. very rare. 

• May's " Breviary of the Hist, of the Parliament,'* p. 98. 



OF ENGLAND. 317 

Robert Grevile, lord Brooke. W.Frysc. From 
he original in the collection of the Right Honourable 
'he Earl of Warwick^ in Mr. Lodge's " Portraits of 
Illustrious Persons.'' 



Robert, lord Brooke ; in Ricraffs " Survey. 



» 




There is a portrait of him at Warwick Castle, in a breast^pjate, 
^nder which is seen his bufFcoat. 

Lord Brooke was one of those patriots who so ardently longed Create 
liberty, that he was determined to seek it in America, if he iggo. 

aid not find it at home. He, and Lord Say, had actually agreed 

transport themselves to New England ; but the sudden turn of 
irs prevented their voyage. Having reduced Warwickshire tb 
obedience of the parliament, he advanced into Staffordshire. 
3Dii the festival of St. Chad, to whom the cathedral of Lichfield is 
'dedicated, he ordered his men to storm the adjoining close, whither 
tiord Chesterfield had retired with a body of the king*8 forces. 
Bat before his orders could be put in execution, he received a 
^ftvAVet shot in the eye, by the hand of a common soldier, of 
idiich he instantly died. It was the opinion of some of th6 
royalists, and especially of the Roman Catholics, that the bullet 
vas directed by St. Chad. It is observable, that the same man 
Who was by one party looked upon as a monument of divine ven- 
geance,* was by the other reverenced as a saint. Baxter has 
placed him in heaven, together with White, Pym, and Hamden.f 
Ob. 1643. 



. WILLIAM, lord Craven, baron of Hamstead create 

12 Ml 

Marshall, &c* whole length. Stent; h. sh. tc^e. 



^'The tight honourable, magnanimous, and un- 
daunted, William, lord Craven,'' &c. in armour ; on 
Iwrieback ; h. sh^ 



* See SoaUi!k •^Sermont,'' 1. 270. 

t '* SaiBf s BvMbtltiif^ Rest," p. 8f , a^ edit. 1649. 

VOL. II. 2 T 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT 

* LaBtai*s b(%bt gea, Vm itmme* hsHvr, sad 
A guMK MMrttf «f tlic Wed«i—d : 
BoKB^ aad valaw Make iky fime Aine dear. 
By Nmmb snod, to Swe^faafB k^ Bort dcM ; 
Who, wIkb «■ CraiMcfce wds, he'ndentsod 
ThcevoMideJ, cane to kniglit Am intfay fakwd: 
To wbou wben folded ia bis um be s^d, 
RiK bisrect spirit thai e'er thy dxj bied." 

Willi AH, lord Craven ; a apy of the above. Stai; 
4to. 

WUliaB, lord Cnroi, aon of Sir Wiffian CraTen, lord nujoc tS 
toaioa, gamed a. great repMatioa *s 3 soldier under Eeeij, 
prince of Orange, sod Gottarns Adol{Jiiu, kisg of Sweden. He 
look tbe ilroitg foftreu of Crutaeoack, in Gennany, bv storm, 
which b one of the most extraordinary actions recorded ia the 
luctory of the ^eat Guatavus. Duriog the rebellion, and tl 
teiregnum, be was in the teirice of the states of Holland, vhence 
be ceni considerable supplies to Charles !. and II. He built the 
bouse at Hampstead Marshall, that was burol dovra, after a plan 
of Sir Balthazar Gerbier- See the next reign. 



EDWARD, lord Herbert, of Cherbury ; Khole 
length ; in armour ; lying oil the ground. Is. Oliver p. 
A. Walker sc. Frontisp. to his Lif<.: 

Edward, lord Herbert. Hollar f. a small oval. 

Lord Herbert, ofCherbury ; in " Noble Authors^ 
by Parke ;from the originalat Charlvott, Wancickshirc. 

Edward, lord Herbert; small oval. W. Richardson. 

Edward, lord Herbert, &c. (?; Kentzners " Tra- 
vels;" 8vo. 1797. 

Lord Herbert, of Cherbury ; engraved bi/ SilvesUr 



. 0:E EN:GLAND. 319 

irdingyfrom an original picture^ by ^Larking, in the 
lection of the Rev. Mr. Luci/, Chdrlcotti Warvbick- 
Ire. 

iiOxdi Herbert stands in the first rank of the public . ministigrs, Created 
torians, and philosophers, of his • age. „ It is .hard to say whether 
person, his understanding, or his cbiirage, was^ thd most extra- 
inary; as the fair, the learned, and the brave,^ held him in eqdal 
niration. ^ But the same man was wise and cajpricious ; redressed 
>ngs, and quarrelled for punctilios ;" hated bigotry in religion, > 
i was himself a bigot to philosophy. He exposed himself to 
;h dangers, as other men of courage would have carefully de- 
led ; and called in question the - fundamentals of a religion 
ich none had the hardiness to dispute besides himself. Siee 
iss IX. 

LORD CAPEL. Vertue sc. One yf the set of 
iyalists. At the Earl of Esse^v's at Cashiobury. 

• • • 

Arthur, lord Capel ; a small oval. 

Arthur, lord Capel; in Clarendon's '^ History;' 
o. 

Arthur, lord Capel ; in Park's ^' Noble Authors.'' 

Arthur, lord Capel. C Picart sc. 1816 ; from 
Q original by Cornelius Jansen^ in the collection of the 
ight Honourable the Earl of Essex ^ in Lodge's ''ItluS' 
ious Portraits." 

Lord Capel possessed almost every virtue and accomplishment ^J^^^^ 
It could endear him to his friends in private^ or gain him honour 
d respect in public life. * He, at his own expense, raised several 
•ops of horse for the king, which he commanded in person. He 
fended Colchester with invincible resolution ; but when the gar- 
on was forced to surrender, he yielded himself a prisoner, and 
LS executed in violation of a promise of quarter given him by the 
ticral. He behaved upon the. scaflfold with , all the dignity of 



320 BIOGRAPHICAL HtSTORy 

coDsciaus virtue, and met deatli with the same intrepidity with 
which he had been accustomed to face the enemy. Beheaded the 
9th of March, 1648-9. 

THOMAS ARUNDELL, second lord AnindeU 
of Wardour, and count of the sacred Roman empire, 
died at Oxford 1643, in consequence of the wounds 
he received at the battle of Lansdowne; engraved kf 
R. Cooper, from a miniature in the possession of iht 
Right Himoiirabie Lord Arundel/. Private plate. 

Tlioraas. second lordArundcll, of Wardour, succeeded his father, 
the first lord, in 1639, and attaching himself to the royal cauae, 
raised at his own expense, a regiment of horse for the service of 
King Charles I. Being in the battle of Lansdowne, fighting for 
the king, he was sliot In the thigh by a brace of pistol bullets, find 
died of his wounds in his majesty's garrison at Oxford, the IQthof 
May, 1643, iu the 59th year of his age, and was buried with great 
funeral pomp at Tisbury. During the civd wars, this nobleman 
spent best part of his fortune in support of the crown ; and h\i 
lady. Blanch, fifth daughter of Edward Somerset, earl of Wor- 
cester, during the absence of her husband, bravely defended War- 
dour, wilh a courage above !ier sex, for nine days, with a few Men 
against tUe parliament's forces, under the command of Sir Edward 
Hungerford. and Lieut. Col. Ludlow, and then delivered it upon 
honourable terms, which they broke ; but were soon dislodged bj 
the resolution of this Lard Arundell, who, at his return, ordered a 
mine to be sprung under his own castle, and thus sacrificed thai 
noble structure to his loyalty. At Wardour Castle are slil! pre- 
served ses'cral cannon-balls, of seven and nine pounds each, wfiicli 
were discharged against the castle when attempted to be taken by 

SCOTCH NOBILITY. 

SIR ROBERT KERR, earl of Ancram. Jioc^uel 
sc. In " Noble Authors," hy Mr. Park ; 1806. 

SiK RoTiLRT Kehr, &c. Hardiiis- 



OF ENGLAND. I 321 

Sir Robert KkBR/fce. Roberts sc. In Pinkerimfs 
Scottish Galleryr 

Sir Robert Kerr descended firom Sir Andrew Kerr, of Ferryhersty 
Roxburghshire, was long in the service of King James the First, 
1 his son Prince Henry, and was gentleman of the, bed-chiEmiber 
Charles the First when prince ; and being a persoti of gr^t 
te and accomplishment, was raised to the honour of e&r! bf 
icMon, 1633, and was a faithful adherent to Charles during hid 
idbliBS. On the death of the king he was under the nece^ity^ 
retiring into Holland, where he indulged his taste for pdintiiig; 
collecting pictures which he brought to England. He is said to 
ra died before the revolution, at an advanced age. 

. . . ' 

JAMES ERSKINE, sixth earl of Buchan. R. 
mkinson exc. Sw, 

James Erskine, the sixth earl of Buchan, was one of the lords of 
3 bed-chamber to King Charles the First, and resided chiefly in 
fgland. He died at London, in 1640, and was buried at Auchter- 
use. 

HENRY, lord Carye, viscount Falkland, comp- 
oUer of his majesty's household, &c. Joan, Barrasc. 
0. very rare. 

This peer, and the Marquis of Clanricarde, in the next division^ 
ly be placed in the second class, as lord- deputies of Ireland. 

Henry Gary, lord Falkland ; in *• Noble Authors^^ 
f Mr. Park; from the original picture at Strawberry* 

ill. 

'. . ■ ■• 

Henry Gary, lord Falkland. Harding. 
Henry Gary, lord Falkland. Thane, 

Henry Cary, viscount Falkland, who desc.ewded from the Carys 
Cockington, in Devonshire, was son of Sir Edward Cary, of 



'HI 

■I 

• I 



" 1 



i 



\* . ' 

9 , 
I 

I" 






321 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

On the 10th of February-, 1663, he obtained a charter of the 
lortbbip of Cardross to himself and tbe heii-s-male of bis bodf. 
He married first, in 16*5, Anoe, fifth daughter of Sir Thomw 
Hope, of Craighall, bart. king's advocate, aad had by her two 
children, Henry, third lord Caidross,who 3^lcceeded bim in the 
title, and Margaret Erskine, married to William CuDningham, of 
Boquhan, in Stirlingshire. 

Lord Cardross" second marriage, in 1665, was with Maiy, 
youngest daughter of Sir George Bruce, of Carnock, aieter of 
Edward and Alexander, earls of Kincardine, and by her he bad 
seren children. Lord Cardross died in 1671. 

He is said to have preached at the Tron, in Edinburgh, whilt 
Cromwell was liolding forth in St, Giles's churchyard ; and tt ii 
reported, tliat a circumstance in bis life gave origin to tbe atoryof 
Erskine and Freeport. 

ARCHIBALD NAPIER, lord Napier of Merchis- 
too; preJUcd to the " Bloody Almanack,'' 1643. 

Archibald Napier, son of tbe famous mathematician, by bis &it 
wife, was made one of King James's privy council, lord-treamro 
depute, aa also juslice-cltrk. He WdS firm in bis aitacbment to 
Charles I. and was iniide a lord of partiunient by the title of Lord 
Napier, 1627. He married Margaret, the sister of the Maniuisof 
Montrose, whom he accompanied to the battle of Philiphaugli 
Ob. 1645. 

JOHN STEWART, enil of Traquair, treasurer of 
Scotland ; J)-oni an orig'uuil, picture at Ti-aquair; Sta 
Wil/t-i/tsoii e.vc. 

John Stewart, of Traquair, in Peebleshirc, was tbe only aorsnd 
beir of John Stewart, of Caverston, in the same shire, and was bom 
in 1599. He was liberally educated ; and, when a young msui 
represented tbe county of Tweedate, in the parliament of 19 James!' 
A. D, 1621 ; where he soon displayed entraordinary talents, for 
which he was knighted by King James, and called to his privy 
council. 

Upon tbe accession of diaries I, Sir John was made tfMin* 



OF ENGLAND. 325 

lepate^ and one of his privy council ; aiid, being a great favourite 
vith this monarch, was raised to the peerage of Scotland, by the. 
Me of lord Stewart, of Traquair, lord Linton, and Caverston; 
ind 22d June, 1633, was created earl of Traquair, by patent of this 
late, to him and his heirs-male for ever. 

In the parliament 17 Charles I. this nobleman was impeached of. 
zeason, of which he was found guilty ; but his punishment was re-. 
ianred to the king ; who, satisfied that his only crime was a steady. 
adherence to his majesty's interest, ordered him a pardon under the 
pieat seal ; wherein was recorded an ample testimony of his consum- 
■|ate*abihties, and singular integrity in the discharge of his duty. 

The Earl of TraquaiV underwent many vicissitudes of fortune, in 
W8 several public transactions. After the parliament had passed 
sentence upon him, his estate was §equestrated, and himself banished 
IMS native country. North Britain : he went directly to the king in 
England, by whom he was most graciously received; and he was 
;^nstantly trusted and employed by his majesty ever after. 

In the year 1647, the earl was permitted to come to the parlia- 
ment of Scotland, where he used all his interest to raise an army 
Ror the relief of the king, who was then a prisoner in the Isle of 
fi^ght: he levied a regiment of horse at his own expense; and, 
■9ith his son. Lord Linton, marched into England, and fought at 
Heir head in the battle of Preston, Anno 1648, where they were 
both taken prisoners. The aged earl was, by order of the English 
parliament, confined in Warwick Castle for four years ; at the expi- 
Kltion of which period, being deprived of all his possessions, he 
cmded his days in extreme misery. Burnet informs us, he suffered 
such a reverse of fortune, that he himself saw him so reduced as to 
^rant bread, and lie under the sad necessity of becoming a common 
beggar in the public streets of Edinburgh ; in which city he had* 
Cninerly lived in affluent splendour. He died, actually of hunger^ 
in tl^e year 1659, aged sixty. 



IRISH NOBILITY. 

DU BURGH, marquis of Clanricarde ; 8vo. en^ 
^ave^for Smollett" s ** History.'' 

Du Burgh, marquis of Clanricai!de ; small whole 
length. Harding. 

VOL. \l. 2 u 



320 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Ulick DuB«rgh,'BiM<lius»fClMricarde,a»deariofSi.Albeii'J, 
dt^ceoAed ftom ui ancient famHj of Engtuii race. His feiher w» 
llMgic«t£art of Cianticaide. and ha mother dangblM of Sir Tttnca 
WakinghuD, aad tuoceuivel? the widow of Sir PUlip Sidw?, ud 
Robert De»eicu«, eaH cf Eatex. He was not a man of shinHig 
■MHies, but of great hnmaDitv, ooiirte«3r, and generoBty, mt^ 
aOaeWd to hit friends, a tmc lover of his country, and abow u 
•ordid views, or raolives of private interest. He adhered lo tta 
CTVwn from principle, and had a particular affection for the ting'i 
pcr*on. He, for some years, aUended the court, where he ax- 
traded many friendships ; and, indeed, few cowrtiets have bos 
more generally esteemed. The great part which he acted form 
king in Ireland, in the civil war, is well known. He appeals W 
ha»e been justly censured for the precipitate peace which he nwot 
with the rebela, to whom he yielded too large concessions. Hemt 
the oiiihor of " Memoirs relative to the Irish Rebelbon." whid 
were printed in octavo, IT'22, and republished in folio, witli lb> 
addition of many lettere, in 1757. Judge Lindsay ha* given m 
masterly contrast of him, with that of the Duke of Ormond, bdbn 
this book. Ag the period of tinie in which it was written abounded 
with great events, in some of which the marquis had a deep aliaiti 
diere are anecdotes in it which are interesting and cuiioas. Ok I6J7. 

The Irue portraiture of the Earl of CASTLE- 
HAVEN ; fl wood-cut; underiiealh are the nama of 
ttDenti/six peers mho tried him. It is prefixed to a qiuffH 
pamphlet, entitled " The Arraignment and Convictmoj 
JHervin, lord Audley, earl of Castlehaven, who was, iy 

tvxiiiysij.' persQfis, found guilty of a rape and s , i^ 

Westminster, April 25, 1631." Lojidon printed fir 
Tho. Thomas, 1642. 

Mervin, earl of Castlehaven ; small quarto. ^■ 
Richardson. 

This man, who was the son of George Touchet, earl of Castle- 
haven, by Lucy, daughter of Sir James Mcrvin, of Founthill, inlhs 




i \Jnry /i.a€ J^e't/l^i/i/te 



MEMVJ^V MAML of CASTJLEKAV3ii:?r 




Ob,' 1643. y?t-77- 
he Original Picinre ai C\-va.tSNSCTc"i^ 
d^ee'l/SpJfyWMic/uirdson. YcrkHcu^til Strand 




|RD BOVLE riRST lAUT. t TOKK 

ob,' 164.1, ^t-77- 
1 ilic Original Picture a\ C^xaXsvtcrcS^ 

Wj/ud^a'Z/ffeJ^yWfitc/uirchcn. YcikffouicSl Strand 



n 



OF ENGLAND. 327 

Toniitj of WiltA» Was condemned atid ^xeouted on (he giillows, for 
waisting in a rape' on the body of his wife>^ and for sodomy ; crimes 
^lich were attended with particular (^rcmnstances of atrocity and • 
^orror. As long as rape and sodomy ^re detestable^ so long shall 
lis name be remembered with execration. ]He, in strict propriety, 
dould precede Bradsbaw at .the head of the twelfth cla9s i but is 
aUced here as a disgrace to the peerage, and to human nature. 

r 
• ■ ■ ■ . ■ . • 

, RICHARD BOYLE, first earl of Cork, lord high- 
treasurer of Ireland, &e. &c, from ike original at^ 
Ckatjsworth. W. Richardson. 

Richard Boyle, son of Mr. Roger Boyle of Herefordshire, was 
bom in the city of Canterbury, October 3d, 1566; and being the 
Mooft4 son of a younger brother, had no resources but his industry. 
Zbe first rise of his fortune was by the marriage of Mrs. Joan Apsley^ 
^e of the daughters of William Apsley, of Limerick, esq. with a 
Rofftune of 500/. per annum in land. He was a great favourite with 
Queen Elizabeth, and King James, by whom he was made priyy- 
QouDsellor for the provinces of Munster ; was created lord Boyle, 
^|i 1616; and in 1620, viscount of Dungarven, and earl of Cork. 
Kn 1691 he was constituted lord high-treasurer of Ireland. Upon 
tte-rebellion in 1641, he immediately fortified his castle of Lismore, 
i|^ raised two troops of horse ^om his English tenants, composing 
Krfaody of 500 men, which he put under the command of his sons, 
liie Lords Kynalmeaky and Broghill, muntaining them -and four 
(ttndred foot for some months at his own charge^ He was ap- 
|lomted by the government to preserve Youghall from the enemy, 
Hrith an assignment of one thousand foot and sixty horse, to whom 
iiii gave constant pay. — In a letter to George, lord Goring, he says, 
Uf Av weak and infbrm as I am, I am commanded hither, and God 
■rilling,. I will prove so good a constable to the king my master,. as, 
I will die in the defence thereof;, although 1 have no great hope to 
defend it, yet we will bestow ourselves as Epglishmen.*' He was 
ly liis loyalty very much reduced. — In a letter to the Earl of War- 
wifAf he says, ^ before this rebellion, my revenue, besides my 
looses, demesnes,.parks, and other royaltiesi did yield, me 50/. a 

* Thit lady was daughter of Benedict Bamham, alderman of Londog, and xlster 
> Alice, viscountess St. Alban's, wife of our great philosopher. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

do vow onto your lordship, that I have not iiow% 

™>e a week." — He wa* forced at last to sell his plate to ptjie 

en, and t%j%, in another letter, '- 1 have, with a fre« bear^ 

liberal haiMl, spent all that 1 have, and am able to do no am. 

fTtieve not at my own losses or waots, but to see those seuwd 

■tad well ditciplined companies, to be witboat clothes or pay, afflicli 

ne to the sotd." He performed innomerable acta of cbati 

a» public services. Ot. 1643, £t. 77. 

)BERT, first baron 'Spencer; from the or^isd 
the collection of Earl S \cer, at Allhorp. W. Scri- 
ven sc. 3vo. 

Sir Robert Spencer was sheriff of Northamplonshire, in ibe 43d 
year of Queen Elizabeth ; before which time he had received lie 
honour of knighthood ; and when king James ascended the thftM, 
was reputed to have by him the most money of any persoo ialbe 
kingdom; which together with his great estate, noble descent, ml 
many excellent accomplishments, rendered him so conspicuous, 
be was promoted by that prince, before his coranation, byieM 
patent bearing date July 21 , to the dignity of a baron of the 
by the title of Lord Spencer, of Wormleigbton. 

The chnractcr of this peer is handed down to us, by hisloriiB 
of unquestionable veracity, as almost destitute of a blemish. Hii 
habits were those of a retired man, yet abroad, and in (he sepale, 
when occnsion offered, he knew how to assume what was due to lit 
dignity of his station. " Like the old Roman dictator from tii 
farm(savs Arthur Wilson*), he made the countrey a vertuous coon, 
where his fields and flocks brought him more calm and happy ow- 
fentmcnt, than the vanou<; and mutable dispensations of a cviit 
can contribute ; and when he was called to the senate was mh 
vigilant to keep the people's liberties from being a prey to theii' 
CToaching power of monarchy, than his harmless and tendei 1^ 
from foxes and ravenous creatures." 

Lord Spencer had hardly been raised to the peerage two yew, 
when he was chosen by his sovereign (James I.) to be amhassidm 
to Frederick, duke of Wirtemberg, to invest him with the order rf 
the Garter. He took with him Sir Gilbert Dethick, knight gsfttt 
principal king of arms ; and having effected tlie object of his wi- 

• Lifcuf Janieji. p. 162, 



OF ENGLAND. 329 

ii» on-^his return was received by the king with particular mftrks 
iistinction for his noble carriage and behaviour in his embassy. 
Hie remainder of the life of this nobleman, was devoted to his 
Atorial duties and rural occupations. . He was a great defender 
l^e ri^ts of the people against the encroachments of the kingly 
HTDgative ; and was once reprimanded by his royal patron, as being 
^e chief promoter*' of a petition respecting the injury arising'from 
rtain titles and dignities of Scotland and Ireland. From the year 
24, to the time of his death, *Vhe was in most committees on 
blic affairs, a constant promoter and maintainer of the manufac- 
ies, trades, and liberties of the realm; an opposerof all arbitrary 
mts, monopolies, or other indirect practices : and finally, was 
isoned with a just tincture of all private and public virtues/' He 
id in 1627, having been a widower thirty years. His wife. Mar- 
ret, was daughter and coheir of Sir Francis Willoughby of Wol- 
on, in Nottinghamshire, by whom he had four sons and three 
ughters. She died in childbed in 1597. Such a length c/f 
lowhood has been justly attributed to his intense affection and 
ipect, for the memory of his deceased lady. He was buried in 
VBLt splendour with his ancestors and lady, at Brinton, in North- 
iptonshire, under a noble monument erected in memory of his 
indfather ; the figures of himself and lady kneeling under an arch 
;lily adorned, supported by four pillars of the Corinthian order; 
in armour, with a helmet on his head; she in the dress of the 
leSy veiled to the knees. 

WILLIAM VILLIERS, viscount Grandison, 
ther of the late (first) dutchess of Cleveland. 
zndyck p. P. a Gunst sc. Ejp museo dtccis de Graf- 
z; whole length; large h. sh. This belongs to a set 
ten whole lengths, by Van Gunst. 

William Villiers, viscount Grandison. Pastorini 
, In " Noble Authors,'' by Mr. Park. 

William Villiers, viscount Grandison. C. Picart 
1815 ;from the original of Vandyke, in the collection 
the Right Honourable the Earl of Clarendonyin Mr. 
edge's *^ Illustrious Port7'aits" 




382 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

« 

workt^ and BurUm.holds Us' head; doggerel verses. Tk 
print is extremely scarce and curious. ^ 

Archbishop Laud ; a small portrmt, engi^avei 
W.Marshall. Underneath are several ver^s, in 
he is said to have been thunder-struck. He is 
reeHhg. This was published soon after science ofi 
was past upon him. 

WiLHELMUS Laudus, &c. wUh a representaSoL 
and printed account of his execution^ in JEBgh Th0^ 
large h.sh. | 

William Laud, &c. V. Werff; B.Audransc.h 
Larrey. 

William Laud, &c. W. Hollar ; snuUl oval. 

William Laud, &c. V. Dycki Watson, 1779j 
mezz. in the Houghton Collection. , 

William Laud, &c. in an oval. Vertue; 4to. '^ 

William Laud, &c. in the left compartment offk 
" Oaford Almanack^' 1733—1748. 

Laud, Prynne, Bastwick, and Burton, stan£$^ 
the archbishop firing a cannon. Hollar; rare. \ 

William Laud, &c. C. Picart sc. 1815 ; frmik 
original of Van Dyke, in the collection of his Grace (I 
Archbishop of Canterbury ; in Mr. Lodgers " lUufim^ 
Portraits.'' 

■ 

Tr. froiD. Archbtsbop Laud, wbo, witb bis failings, had great merit, w>ij 
19 ju* L ^^®"* advocate for tbe regal and ecclesiastical power. His indMj 
1633« v&B great, his learning extensive, and bis piety not only sincef^^ 



J OF EJJGJLA.ND. ' 383 

»ntw .. ARbis yirtues partook pf the w^Mfnltb.i?^ hi9 !t0ttijpet»;^eh. 
sired isitQ his religion, {mdsooietimes'oirriodhiBi io.tpgMrgr' 
n6t otnly rigorously exacted every cer<^Qiiy Which^h^d foKmoiIy 
n in qs6; bift he.w&s.abo for mlroducing j(ie^¥Aia»^^ikilj^» 
f unseasonable for i nnoy ations.* His book .i^ikfilt ']^Qh#r like 
tut, is justly esteemed a masterpiece of controversial divinity* 
leaded the lOth of January, 1644-5. 

JOHN WILLIAMS, some time lord-keeper pf ti^e 
iat seal of England ; lord bishop of Lincoln, and 
d archbishop of York. R. White sc. BefbH his 
fe hy Hacket^fol. A copy in %vo. by Vanderg&cW.^ 

Archbishop Williams, lord-keeper. Houbraken sc. 
12 ; Illust. Head. 






dirchbishop Williams, in his episcopal Jiebii^ he 
I a helmet on his head instead of a mitre^ tohidh is at 
te distance on the ground ; a musket on hi^ shcktldtr, 
ty and bandoleers ; R. Si ea:c. Anistelodami; whole 
gth, extremely rare. This alludes to his assisting^ 
person^ as colonel of the rebel army, to retake Conway 
istle, in Wales y his own property >, which he, aided by the 
hops of Chester, St. Asaph ^ and Bangor , hud fortified 
ainst the parliament ; but it was not long afterward 
zed by some of the king's party. ^f 

n this reign, the lord-keeper Williams fell under the displeasure Tr. from 

lie Duke of Buckingham, and was suspended from all his offices ^'"*^°^°' 

I dignities. But upon the meeting of the Long Parliament, in ig^i. 
10, he was restored. His unseasonable protestation against the 



If alkmldbe rem^rabered, that FikUer, in bis " Appeid of injured Inilooenc*,'' 
in. p. 8« says, that " the articles of his visitation were observed to be as mode* 
M any bishop's in England." 

SmXIv^Jt's f*Hlld|brfis;'ii,^p^364;~^65» notes} and 'fBii^. Britaa;" p. 4290. 
.. XI. 2 X . 



OF ENGLAND.: » 335 

Aer against popery. He appears to have entered the lists 
Qst .BdlarBome.and his friends, with determmed resohition, 
uing, '* That he'd loosen the pope from his choif, though he 
L fastened thereto with a tenpenny nail."* King- James com- 
ded his polemical discourses, which are the most considerable 
is works, to be printed. 06. 6 Feb. 1631, ^L 75. 



THOMAS MORTON, episcopus Dunelmensis, 
. 4tOi Before his " Life,'' by Dr. J. Barwick. There 
ilso a wood-cut of him. 

lis portrait is at Christ Church, in Oxford, and in the library 
It. John's College, in Cambridge, where he was educated, 
homas MortOQ descended from the same family with Cardinal Comec. 
ton, archbishop of Canterbury, and lord-chancellor, in the n?°?°^ 
Q of Henry VII. He was forty years a bishop ;t and during i6i6. 
long period, there was not his superior in the church, for tern- Tf'/"*™ , 
ince, industry, and piety. He constantly rose at four o'clock cov. 
he- morning to his studies, when he was eighty years of age; ^ July, 
illy lay upon a straw bed; and through the whole course of 
life, seldom exceeded one meal a day. When he had passed 
usual age of man, he had all the plumpness and freshness of 
th : his body was firm and erect, and his faculties lively and 
ete. His writings, which are numerous, are chiefly upon sub- 
s of controversy. He discovered the fraud of the boy of Bilson 
Staffordshire, who pretended to be bewitched, lliis is well 
th the reader*s notice, as it is one of the most signal impostures 
listory. See the " Life of Morton,'' by Dr. Barwick, or his ar- 
e in the " Biographia." Oh. 22 Sept, 1659, M. 95. 

GUALTERUS CURLE, episcopus Wintoniensis, 
riscel. praesul. T.Cecillsc. h.sh. 

Walter CuRLE, &c. Droeshout. 



Featly in " Abel Redi vivas," p. 546. 

Dr. Fuller observes, that twenty years is as large a proportioii for the life of a 
lop, as seventy yean for the age- of a mim* 




336 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Cddhc Wklter Curie, lord-almoner to Charles I. was a prelate of eni- 

\m^' "*"' abilities, and of an csemplaty character. In 1628, beau 

Tr. froB prolocutor of the convocation, being at that time dean of Licbfidd, 

'^l*'*^ He was Hiccesstvitly bishop of Rochester, Bath and WelU, iiid 

16 Not. Winchester. He expended large sums in acta of charity and am- , 

ICM. nificence ; repaired several churches ; promoted the expensin j 

work of the Polyglot Bible ; and out of the small remmns of ' ' 

estate, relieved many a, starving royalist. He died himself ia iisr- 

row circumstances, having been a great sufferer by the civil wi-i 

Walker thinks that be baa but one sermon est&nt.* Ob. 1647. 

JOSEPHUS HALL, Exon. episcopus. J. PaytKScP 
li. sh. llitre is a copy of this by Marshall, before h\ 
■" Cases of Conscience" 

JosEPHUs Hallus ; a copy of the above, in Soissari 
.■':■• P. JX Zetterf. Ato. 

JosEPHUS Hall, &c. a book in his hand ; mathcm- Ji 
Ileal imtnimeiUs, S^c. h, sh. This print, which isisn f) 
of the best ufhiiii, is before his " Shaking of the Olid 
Tree," KiGO; 4to. 

JusEPiirs Hai.i., Norwici nuper episcopus. fl -^ 
. Cross sc. i'2nio. 

Joseph Ha ;.l. Queboren sc. prefixed to his " Worb; 
fol. This print was reduced and published with i" 
" /Shaking of the Olive Tree" mentioned before. 

Joseph Hai,i.; 12??w. \fS52, prefixed to his " i^l '^ 
Raptures." 

JosEpiius Hai.i,, Norwici nuper episcopus; li 
to bis " Biilm ofGileadr 1660. 

• Sue NU " SufftTings of llic CIcrgj." 



OF ENGLAND. 337 

TosiiPHus Hall, &c. a book in his handy and a medal 
the synod of Dort hanging at his breast.* Frdntisp^ 
his *' Funeral Sermons."' 

Foseph Hally styled the Christian Seneca, from his sententious Consec. hi 
nner of writings was justly celebrated for his piety, wit, learning, g^^"* 
I extensive knowledge of mankind. He was one of the divines 1627. 
it by James L to the synod of Dort, before which he preached '^!- f^ ^'^ 

excellent Latin sermon. In his younger years he composed i64il 
»ook of Satires, and was the first writer in that kind, of our 
glish poets. Mr. Pope has, in conversation, been known to say 
h things of this performance.f His works, not including his 
.ires, were printed in five volumes in folio. The last mentioned 
rk, first published in 1597, was reprinted in octavo, 1753« 
>eautiful little tract of his, entitled, ^'Henochismus, si veTrac* 
js de Modo ambulandi cum Deo,'' was printed at Oxford, 1762* 
is alone may serve as a specimen of his genius and his piety. 

Sept. 8, 1656, JEt. 82, 

JOHN BUCKRIDGE, bishop of Ely; in the 
Oxford Almanack y'' 1734. 

Fohn Buckridge was bom at Draycot, near Marlborough, in 
Itshire ; received his education at Merchant Taylors' School. 

was elected from thence to St. John's College, Oxford, in 
^8, where he became fellow, and was chosen president in 1605; 

year following he was installed a canon of Windsor. His 
fities in the pulpit brought him into notice with King James, 

appointed him one of his chaplains, and was chosen one of 
four to preach before his majesty at Hampton-court, in sup- 

t of the church of England against the Presbyterians. He was 
cted bishop of Rochester 1610-11, and was translated to Ely 
28. He died 1631, and was buried at Bromley, in Kent. He is 
d to have been a sedulous preacher, published several sermons, 

1 wrote against the pope's power in temporal matters. 



' The original medallion in gold is now preserved at Emmanuel Collegej Cam- 
Ige, and a very exact engraving of it may be seen iu Mr. Ives's Select Papers, 
19, together with the bishop's autograph. — Bindley. 
From private informationi of unquestionable authority. 



338 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

lEW WREN. D. D. bishop of Ely. G. 
iderOuchtgc. h.sh. Ejigravedfortke " Parattalia.' 

Bishop Wren, sitting at a table ; from his mouth 
proceed two labels, ojie of which is inscribed " Canonicd, 
Prayers;'^ the other, " N^o Afternoon Sejinons." On out 
side, stand several clergymen, over whose heads is written, 
" Altar cringing Prifjtts." On the other side, stand 
two rnen in lay 
" Church-wardeK 
book, cnUed, " 
Pranks, i§t. 
domineer," K . , •no. 
pamphlet, "J>le\vsfrom, 
detestable practices of 
Prelate, Sec. from Ipswict, 



whom is this inscription, 
s." It is in the title to a 
', discovering his ?iolomiis 
ictir when Wren ceased Is 
print is also to a scarce 
ich, discovering certaine 
ae domineering Lordly 
iov. 12, 1636." 



Matthew Wren, Sec. with arms, from a miniatun. 
A.v.Asscnsc. 179S; octavo. 

Matthew, eldest son of Francis Wren, citizen and merchant of 
London, was educated tit Pembroke Hall, in Cambridge. He wa> 
in-cc. successively bishop of Hereford, Norwich, and Ely. While lif 
M,^h, aat in the chftir of Norwich, he, as Lord Clarendon inrorms us, m 
"passionately and warmly proceeded against the dissenting con- 
gretjations, that many left the kingtiom, to the lessening die 
wealthy manufacliire there of kerseys and narrow cloths, and.wliicli 
was worse, transporting that mystery into foreign parts.'"' Birt 
ihe author of the " I'arcn/ii/m' says, "that this desertion of iliE 
Norwich weavers was chiefly procured through the policy S"^ 
mnnajrement of the Dutch, who, wanting that manufacture (which 
was improved there to great perfection), left no means unalteiaplsii 
to gain over these weavers to settle in their towns, with an assur- 
ance of full liberty of conscience, and greater advantages and pri- 
vileges than they had obtained in England." This author coot- 




'1 




1-^:7 j/i:,'. .A«f/: 









Ji 



I 



i; 



'H 




I 







0Z 9ii^/^t ^^IcMyr&n/^ 



y^tdea* 



ttak^T: 



^-W^-:, <i\°PfZcefter 



OF ENGLAND. 339 

ads bis modesty and humility, particularly in never seeking pre- 
nent; but he says too little of bis zeal, which was, indeed, 
ent and active. This drew upon him the unjust imputation of 
)ery. Nothing seems to have rendered him more hateful and 
idious to the parliament than his standing high in the favour of 
sovereign. He was imprisoned in the Tower, by order of the 
use of Commons, and continued there, under close restraint, 
the restoration; He died the 24th of April, 1667, in his eigbty- 
ond yeaf. Dr. Richardson has made use of some'of hw manu- 
tpts in hu/fine and accurate edition of Godwin f' De Pritsulibus 



JOHN PRIDEAUX, late bishop of Worcester; 
yntispiece to his " Doctrine of practical Praying^'' 
56 ; \2mb. Fait/wme sc. but without his name, 

John PiizDkAux, . &c. when rector of Exeter 
)11. Oxon; 4to. 

■ 

John Peideaux, &c. in Nash's ^' Worcestershire.'' 

fohn Prideaux, some time rector of Exeter College, in Oxford, Consec. 
I king's professor of divinity in that university, was deservedly ^^4^^^' 
seined one of the most learned men of his age. He was so 
1 known abroad, that foreigners came from.all parts of Europe 
be instructed by him. Before he applied himself to learning, 
stood candidate for the office of parish-clerk, at Ugborow, in 
vonshire; and to his great mortification, saw another chosen 
) that place. Such was his poverty, at his first coming to 
ford, that he was employed in servile offices in the kitchen, at 
3ter College, for his support But he was soon taken notice of 

his admirable parts, and eager pursuit after knowledge, and 
nitted into that society. In process of time he became rector 
it; and was by Charles I. preferred to the bishopric of Wor- 
ter. He has been often heard to say, that if he had been 
3ted clerk of Ugborow, he should never have been a bisohp. 

was so far from being ashamed of his original poverty, that he 
»t the leather •breeches, which he wore to Oxford, as a memorial 



340 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

cf iL* He was repoted the best disputant of his dme in llie tua- 
Tenity, and vas author of many learaed works, of whith thereii 
» catalc^ue in the ." AUiente OxoDieDses."-|- OA. 29 July, 1630, 
£t. 72.1 

RALPH BROWNRIG, lord-bishop of Exeter, 
Sic. W.Faithonie sc. Frontispiect to his sixty-Jive m- 
tmns,fol. published by Wm. Martm, some time preachtf 
at the Rol/s. There is er print of him, withai 

the engraver's name, I to his " Life" bi/ Br, 

Gauden. 

Ralpli Brownrig was cateeme ie of the greatest ornamenti rf 
his time, to the university of Ca iridge, where he was master rf 
Catharine Hall. About the era ' the civil war, he was, for liit 
'■' distinguished merit, proraoled tc tie see of Exeter. He was i 
deep sharer ia the calamities this reign; but was, ii 
greatest distress, taken into the tanily of Thomas Rich, of San- 
□ing, in Berkshire, esq. where he was hospitably and geDefoiHlf e 
entertained. This prelate's worth was generally acknowledgrfi 
but not suiliciontly known. His sermons were not exceeded bj 
any published in this reign ; but their merit, when they w 
delivercLl by himself, appeared to great advantage, from ihedif 
nity of his person and behaviour, and the justness of his eloculiot 
He was one of those excellent men witli whom Archbishop TB- 

• Tlie same U sale! of Sit Leoline Jenkins. 

t He bad an art of memory, bj fliiDciaiing idcns. If lias been obaervf 
■cl of remembering jeema alnioit whoHj to depeiiil upon 5ucb an associi 
Aketiiidu'! " Pleaiures of I magi na lino," p. 1S6. 

+ Towatda the laHet end nf his life, he auffeted so much from plundeiiDganJ* 
qucstraiion, llial he wai reduced lu bis urigina! slale of poverty. He niigKlli"« 
been itjled, bs Dr. Gauden observes, Hdtun LibrBrma, in almost a liicraiwi* 
" A friend coming lo see him, and laluling him in the common form of • Hu* ^ 
your lordship do ?' " " Never better in my life." said be, " only I haie loo p^» 
stomach) for 1 haie eaten liiat lilltc plate whicb Uie sequeatraiur left me: IK" 
eaten a great library of e»cetlcnl books ; I have eaten a great deal of linen, mat" 



j Walker's " Su,ffBjiiig»..ot Ibo Clerg.v," pail ii. p. 7 



[llillCOH 



OF El^GLAND. &4I 

tMH cullivatecl an ac^quaintance at his first cdtning to Condon, 
vt by whose preaching and Example, h^ formed himself.* I havei 
WA credibly informed, that Dr. Conybearei the late i/trorthy 
Bhop of Bristol, had a particularesteem for his works'. Ob, 7 Dec. 
%59,JE:t.67. 

RICHARD CORBET, bishop of nomich; from 
t original picture in the hall of Christ Churchy Ox- 
iTdt Harding sc. Ato. 

Kichard Corbet was born at Ewell, in Surrey, in the year 1583, 
id received the rudiments of his education at Westminster School, 
om whence he was removed at the age of fifteen to Broadgates* 
dl, Oxford, and afterward elected scholar of Christ Church, and 
ok the degree of A. M. 1605, at which period he was much cele- 
lated for the superiority of his wit and colloquial talents, which. 
gbly recommended him to the notice of the great men and scholars 
those days, by whose patronage he enjoyed very considerable 
liiircb preferment immediately after his admission into holy orders*. 
The quaintness of his preaching, and brightness of his fancy, 
£oed him the appointment of chaplain to King James I. by whom 
i was nominated, anno 1620, to the deanery of Christ Church, 
ing' then only 37 years of age. 

In this situation, a divine may generally be considered as having 
rived within one short stage of episcopacy ; and he was accord- 
fly removed to the see of Oxford, 1629, and afterward to the 
ftcess of Norwich, where he died, in 163^5. 
Prom his love of poetry, he cultivated the friendship of Ben; 
Hson, who resided with him in Christ Church for so considerable 
^pace of time as to entitle him to the degree of A. M. which he 
Seived from the university of Oxford. The readiness of his wit^ 
d quickness of imagination, frequently produced epigrams and 
Bver light poems, which subjected him to the censure of grave 
llics, but his friends were accustomed to excuse him by saying, 
liiat Corbet will love boys-play very well to the last.'* Suavity 
lotiannerg, and liveliness of disposition, which rendered his society 
'desirable to all who enjoyed his acquaintance, formed only a part 
Ibis amiable character ; he was equally distinguished for huma* 
jr, generosity, and public spirit, which he particularly evinced in 

* See Birch'* " Life of Tillbt^n," p. 16. second edit 

>roL. rx. , 2 Y 



34-2 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



his contribution tonards the repairs of St. Paul's catbednl fl 
vhexe his own donation was not only considerable, lMfc]| 
Icnown to furntsli several siima to inferior clergy, 
Tould not allow them otherwise to subscribe. 

The only works which are eslant of Bishop Corbet,^ i 
in one 12ino. volume ofpoems, printed after his decesM,! 
composed in his youth. 

Dr. JOHN BRIDGEMAN, bishop of ( 
1623. T. TroUer gculp. 1705. 

John Bridgcman was born in the city of Exeter, of 4 
and the county, his father was high-sheriff: he received 
rudiments of learning at Exeter, and from thence went W Sf 
College, Cambridge, where he took the degree of D. D. I 
ward became master. He was incorporated at Oxford, I 
chaplain to King James I. by whose favour he became f 
Wigan, in Lancashire, and in 1619 was preferred to thebfl 
of Chester. This learned, pious, and charitable man dief q 
according to Beatson, at Moreton, in Shropshire, aod ^ai ^^1 
at Kinnersley church, where is a monument erected to his ii; 



A SCOTCH PRELATE. 

JOHANNES SPOTrSWOODE. archiepisc* 

S. Andreanus, tolius Scotife primas, et metropi 
tanus, ejusdemqiie regtii cancellarius. W. Holkn 
h. sh. aged 1 A, 1C39. Fivntisp. to his " History^ i 

Archbishop Spotiswoodc was author of the" History of Scoflm 
a work compiled from scanty materials, but with great impl 
There is throughout the whole an air of probity and candour, «1 
was the peculiar character of the writer. This hisioi-y wan 
taken by the command of James I. who had a high opinion of 
author's abilities. Upon expressing a diffidence to James ab( 
that part of it which relates to his mother, and which had been iVt 

' PriDCe s»ys, 1649-Wood, 1674. 



OF ENGLANiD. 343 

imbliag-block of former historians, he replied, *V Speak the truth, 
m, and spare not." This prelate presided in the assemblies of 
»erdeen and Peith, and had a principal hand in introducing the 
turgy, and restoring uniformity to the church of Scotland.* He 
sd in England, in 1639, in the seventy-fourth year of his age. 



IRISH PRELATES. 

(JAMES) USHER, archbishop of Armagh. Petrus 
dy\ eqties.p. Vertuesc. 1738; Illust. Head.-f This was 
pied in mezzotinto by Miller of Dublin. 

The original was in the possession of the late General Tyrrel, at 
lotover, in Oxfordshire. It formerly belonged to Lady Tyrrel, 
e primate*s daughter, and is said by Dr. Parr, his chaplain, to be 
Dre like him than any other portrait. See Parr's " Life of Arch- 
sbop Usher." 

Jacobus Usserius, &c. Rob. Pinck vicechancel- 
rius Oxoniensis posuit. W. Marshall sp, 1647 ; 
sk. 

Jacobus Usserius. Marshall so. 4to. He is repre- 
nted holding a book; a scull is on the table; arms^ 8^0. 
he head of this print is copied by Landry ^ at Paris^ 
id prefixed to his " Annales,'' folio, 1673. It is done 
'4ch in the manner of Faithorne, 



He had no hand in introducing the Liturgy* Maxwell, bishop of Rojw» eda- 
d in England, and formerly a chaplain of Bishop Andrews, insinuated hiips^If 

the favour of Charles I. and became the Frimum mobile in that unhappy 
'tiess. Laud, as may be seen in his defence, was hardly consulted, and his ae- 
i^Gence was only got on an assurance of every thing proposed being legal in 
^Uind. Laud*s defence has never been disproved ; yet what historian dares to 
'Qd him ? the times are not yet cool enough to hear the truth on either side. — 
'I* Hailes. 

tJuder this print, his two aunts, who were blind from their cradles, are represented 
hing him to read. The letters were wrought on a kind of sampler. 



344 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

James Usher, &c. Glover f. h.sh. 

James Usher, &c. with a Welsh inscription. 
Vaughan sc. 12mo. 

This print was engraved at the expense of the university of 
ford, when Dr. Pinck was vice-chancellor, and was designed to I 
prefixed to his ** Annotations on St. Ignatius's Epistles/' 
were printing at Oxford, in 1644^ but it was first placed 
his book, " De Romanee Ecclesiee Symbolo Apostolico, &c. 
1647;" quarto. 

James Usher, &c. J. Dunstall sc. 

James Usher, &c. W. Marshall sc. l2mo. Sold 
Badger. 

James Usher, &c. fol. J. G. Seiller. 

James Usher, copied from Marshall ; \2mo. No 
name of engraver. 

James Usher, &c. Faithorne sc. 4to. 

Jacobus Usserius, &c. copied from Marshall; 
h, sh. 

Jacobus Usserius, &c. Stent ; h. sh. 

This learned and pious prelate, for the improvement of sacred and 
profane history and chronology, carried his researches into the re- 
motest ages of antiquity. His natural penetration, which was great, 
was assisted with all the aids of science and languages. The most 
valuable of his numerous works, is his " Annals of the Old and 
New Testament,'* which is printed in Latin and in English. One of 
the least considerable is his " Body of Divinity," which was com- 
posed in the early part of his life, and published without his consent. 
He was so affected with the execution of Charles I. that he fainted. 



OF ENGLAND, 345 

le i& sajd to hav^ foretold tbe restorat&oiii and several other great 
rents* His adimrers were not content with lus being a great anti- 
nary, historian^ and divine, but they must make a prophet of him* 
*or the better understsmding of his character, it should be remarked, 
bat^ in the early part of his lile, he was a Calvinist, and that he 
flfcarward took the tniddle way betwixt the Calvinists and Armi« 
i^uns. See the Interregnum. 

JOHN BRAMH ALL, bishop of Armagh, &c. 
7ery rare^ 

John Bramhall, bishop of Derry, 1634, translated to Armagh 
L660, ^' was forced, upon the revolt of Cork, to leave Ireland. He 
H^ent into France, and intended a journey into Spain, but met with 
ui unexpected diversion; for, after his first day's travel into that 
dngdom, he put up at a house to refresh himself, where his hostess 
sailed him by his name. Admiring at his being discovered, she re- 
realed the secret to him, shewed him his picture,* and assured him 
iliere were several of them on the road, thatj being known by them, 
xe might be carried to the inquisition; and that her husband, 
unong others, had power to that purpose, and would certainly exe- 
cute his commission if he found him. He made use of the adver* 
isement, and escaped out of the power of that court/'f I ^^^l 
^nly add here, that Dr, Bramhall was one of the most learned, able, 
md active prelates of the age in which he lived, an acute disputant, 
and an excellent preacher. He was a great stickler for the patri- 
xiohy of the church, and, in about four years, regained to that of 
Ireland upwards of 30,000/. a year of her just rights. The most 
^lebrated of his works were, his writings agsanst Hobbes. 

GEORGIUS WEBBE, Limericensis, apud Hiber- 
Itos, episcopus. Thomas Slater sc. small 8vo. Before 
his *^ Practice of Quietness, ^^ reprinted 1705. 

- '2%ere is another print of him, in 12mo. without the 
iifiist^s name, but certainly/ by Cross. 



* Deubtl^s bis print. 

t Lives of the Bishops in Sir James Ware's work. 



346 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

George Webbe, a native of Bromhftm, io WOtaliire, wae, in tk 
Jat£ reign, rector of the church of St, Peter and St, Paol, in St&. 
Upon the accession of Charles, he was made one of his m^esl^i 
chaplains, and was esteemed the best preacher at court : and iodeed 
hi» compositions are in a purer and more elegant style than that of 
moBt of his contemporaries. He published sermons, seTeral trea- 
tises of praolicnl religion, and some books for the use of the lower 
forms in grammar-schools ; particularly an English translatiOD of 
the two ftrst comedies of Terence, He died io the castle ofLime- 
rick, iu 1 64 1 , nhere he was detaiaed prisoner by the Irish rebels. 



; DIGNITARIES OF THiE CHURCH, AND 
1 INFERIOR CLERGYMEN. 

ISAAC BARGRAVE, dean of Canterbury; a 
small oval. Vandergiicht sc. 

. Isaac Bargrave, &:c. J.Colesc. 

The original picture, said to have been painted by Cornelius Jac- 
sen, is in the Dean's chapel, in the cathedra.1 church of Canterburj, 
where he lies buried. Under it is his epitaph. The print engraveii 
from it is in Dart's Aniiquitics of that church, 

Isaac Bai'gruvc was a man of good natural parts, which weri 
much strengthened and polished by studv, converse, and travel. He 
was a fellow-collegiatc witli George Ruggle, at Clare Hall, in Cam- 
bridge, and performed the part of Torcol, in his comedy of " Igno- 
ramus," when it was acted before James I, During his stayal 
Venice, as chaplain to Sir Henry Wotton, ambassador to that slate, 
he was honoured with ihe friendship of father Paul, who told him, 
that he believed the doctrine and disciphne of the church of Eng- 
land to be the most primitive of any in the world, Hewasattie 
friend and zealous defender of our civil and religious rights and 
liberties ; and incurred the displeasure of James, by preaching' 
sermon, when he was minister of St, Margaret's, Westminster, 
against popery, corruption, and evil counsellors, Inibetimfot 
the civil ivar he adhered to the king from principle and affeclion. 



OF ENGLAND. 347 

vlug been chaplain to him before and after hfs accession to the 
'one. I^e was first canon, and next dean of Csinterbury. He, 
th his family, particularly his wife, and sister who was widow of Admitted 
hn Boys, his predecessor in the deanery, met with cruel treatment' I4*0ct. 
>m that ungrateful ruffian. Colonel Sandys,, whom^ he had by his i6S5. 
terest saved from the gallows, when he was indicted at Maid- 
>iie assizes for a rape. Sandys was not content with adding, 
trsonal insult to ingratitude and cruelty; he also caused him to 
i committed to the Fleet prison, and absurdly attempted to 
aeken his character. He died, as it seems, of a broken heart, in 
>out three weeks after his commitment, in 1642, and the fifty- 
xth year of his age.* 



HENRY C^SAR, D. D. dean of Ely; 4to. 
R. Wilkinson e.vc. 

Henry Ceesar, fourth son of Doctor Adelmare, bom in 1562, 
sceived his education chiefly at Baliol College, and Edmund Hall, 
a Oxford; and studied also in the university of Cambridge. He. 
ras presented, when a very young min, to the vicarage of Lost- 
rithiel, in Cornwall, and took his degree of doctor in divinity in the 
miversity of Oxford, Sept. 13, 1595; and the following year was, 
vesented, by Queen Elizabeth, to the rectory of St. Christopher-le- 
^tock, which he resigned in 1597. He afterward held the rectory 
'T Somersham, in Huntingdonshire, with its subordinates, Colne, 
^Idley, and Fenton, and also under the gift of his brother Sir^ 
ulius, that of Bennington in Herts, of all which, as appears by his 
rill, he was possessed a little time before his death. A prebend 
»€ Westminster was conferred on him in September, 1609, which. 
Le resigned in 1625; and 1014 he succeeded Doctor Humphrey 
t*yndall (who died Oct. 12, in that year), in the deanery of Ely. 
^r. Caesar died Oct. 7, 1636, and Ues buried on the north side of 
he presbytery of Ely cathedral, under a large tomb of marble. 

A great deal of interesting matter respecting Dr. Ccesar occurs 
It Wilkinson's publication of the Life of Sir Julius Ceesar, with 
tiemoirs of his family and descendants. 



•tSee Walker's " Suflfertngs of Uie Clergy," part ii. p. 6. See alw Wood, 
-Jhyd^nnd the" JdercuriM Ruiticu9,** 



318 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

CHRISTOPHER WREN, D. D. dean ofWindsor. 
G. Vandej-giic/it sc. h. sh. Engraved /or the " Paren- 
talia;" 1750. 

Christopher Wren was younger brother of Matthew, bishop of 
^ Ely, and hia successor in the deanery of Windsor. He received hij 
' eiiucation at St, John's College, in Oxford, was some time chap- 
lain to Dr. Lancelot Andrews, bishop of Winchester, and also 
chaplain to Charles I. Adet the chapel of St. George and the 
treasury belonging to it had been plundered by the rebels, he sedu- 
lously exerted himself in recovering as many of tbe records ai 
conld be procured, and had the good fortune to redeem the three 
registers distinguished by the names of the Black, Blue, and Bed, 
which were carefully preserved by him tilt his death. Tbey were 
afterward committed to the custody of bis son, who, eoon aftCT I 
the restoration, delivered them to Dr. Bruno Ryves, dean of 
Windsor. Having distinguished himself by hia learning, loyalty, 
and piety, he died the 29th of May, 1658, in the house of his son- 
in-law. Dr. William Holder, at Blechington, in Oxfordshire, and 
was buried In the chancel of that parish church. He had a great 
hand in forming the genius of his only son Christopher, wbo did 
the highest honour to his country.* 

RICHARD STEWARD, B.D.from the orig'nd 
picture at Eton College. Stow sc. 410. In Harding's 
"Deans of Westminster.^' 

Richard Steward was born at Patcshull, Nortbamptonsbire, i 
educated at Magdalen Kali, Oxford, 1608 ; fellow of All Soal) 
College. Oxford, 1613; prebendary of Worcester cathedral, 1628; 
prebendary of Salisbury cathedral, 1629; dean of Chichester, 
1634, and cierk of the closet ; prebendary of Westminster, 1638i 
provost of Eton, 1640; dean of St. Paul's, 1641; deanofWesl- 
minster, 1644 ; died at Paris Koveraber 14, 1651, aged 68, andliet 
buried at St. Germains. 

A white riband, with an angel of gold, as seen in the porlnitr 

• In the " Stale Papen 
nilc of B building " lo bi 
■■ GrFsbam Frbretiari," iia 



OF ENGLAND. 349 

w^ accustomed to be placed by the sovereign round the neck of 
those who were touched for the king's evil. Vide Evelyn's ^* Me- 
moirs/' vol. ii. p. 311. 

DR. GEORGE HAKEWILL ; from an original 
picture^ in the chapel of Exeter College^ Oxford. 
E. HaMing so. 4to. 

George Hakewill was the son of John Hakewill, of the city of 
Exeter, merchant, and was born in the parish of St. Mary Arches, 
in that city, in the year 1579, where, having received a grammatical 
education, he became a commoner of St. Alban's Hall, in the be-^ 
ginmngof the.year 1595, and was so noted a disputant and orator, 
that he was unanimously elected fellow of Exeter College at two 
fears standing. Afterward he proceeded in arts, applied himself 
to deep researches in philosophy and divinity, entered into holy 
>rders^ travelled beyond the seas, and at his return, became as 
loted for his preaching and disputes, as before he was for philo* 
w>phy. In 1610 he wsis admitted to the reading of the sentences, 
fend the next year proceeded in divinity. He was the first chaplain 
liat attended Prince Charles, by whose kindness, it is probable, he 
:>ecame archdeacon of Surrey, 1616. He might have attsuned to 
:ugher emoluments and dignities in the church, had he not im- 
pieded his own progress by the zealous opposition he made to the 
aaatch with the infanta of Spain and the prince his master. Wood 
relates the story thus : '^ After he had, -with some pains, written a 
smalL tract against that match, not without some reflections on the 
Spaniard, wjbich could not be pleasing to the king, he caused it to 
be fairly transcribed by another hand ; which done he, unknown 
to the king, presented it to the prince. The prince, after he pe- 
rused it, shewed it to the king, who, being offended at it, com- 
manded Thomas Murray, the prince's tutor and secretary, the 
author Hakewill, William his brother, and all others who knew of, 
or were consenting to it, to be committed to custody, in August 
1.621, whence, being soon after released, our author, Hakewill, 
*imt8 dismissed fromi his attendance on the prince. So that, though 
kis.learning was accounted by the generality poHte, his philosophy 
subtile, and divinity profound, yet, in thifl partienlar, he was 
®«teemed very rash and imprudent." 

Upon. the promotion of Dr. Prideaux-to the bishopric of Wor« 
vot. II. ^ 2 z 



BIOGRAPHICAL IIISTOKY 

tlakcwill was elected rector of Exeter College, on "Wei 

MKBtowed considerable benefactions ; but he did not dbcIi 

u« there. On the breaking out of the civil war, he retired tg 

rectory of Heanton, near Barnstable, in Devon, where bec»- 

rinued to the time of hia deathj in April, 1649, and was buried in 

chancel of the church there. 

JOSIAS SHUTE, S. T. B. Colcestriffi archidiac, 
&c. GhU. Marshall sc. h. sh. Fivnlisp. to his " Nk- 
teen Sermons on the slvtccnih Chapter of Genesisf 
1649 ; fol. 

Josias Shute, archdeacon of Colchester, and rector of St. Mary 
16m'"''* Woolnoth, in Lombard -street, London, was educated at Ttioitj 
College, in Cambridge. In his character were united every qusii- 
iication of an excellent divine. His learning in divinity andecdt- 
siastical history was extensive; indeed, almost universal, liii 
talent as an orator was perhaps unrivalled ; he iastantly caugbt, 
and immoveably lixed the attention. His life was a unifomi a- 
ample of unaffected piety. He was frequently styled, the En^si 
Chrygoatom, and was particularly conversant in the writings of 
that father. He first iiegan to be neglected in the civil wars. Hit 
primitive ^virtues could not overbalance the prejudice conceived bj 
some against his learning, which was not apostoUcal. Lloyd tdlt 
us in his " Memoirs." that lie died the 23d of June, 1643; andn 
tlie next page, that he died in 1G40 : he was right at first. 

WILLIAM CIHLLINGWORTH ; in an oval of 
palms; engraved ivith the heads of the Earl of Shaflti- 
bury, Mr. Locke, and Mr. Woolaston; h. sh. mezz. 

"William Chillingwouth ; an etch trig ; ikelied 
fmished. Barrett sculp. Svo. 

Promoied 'Wilham Chillingworlh, chancellor of the church of Saiisbaiy, 
leia"''' ^^sJus'ly esteemed the acutest and closest disputant of his time. 
Of tliis he has given abundant proof, in his " Religion of Protes- 
tants, a safe Way to Salvation ; or an Answer to a Boob entitled. 
'Mercy and Truth, or Charity maintained by Calholiques.'" B^ 



OF ENGLAND. 3i51 

■ifedf, itf'fcib aDswer/ like an expert fencer, parries every bfo# 
ildi ttntagbniisl, femd pushes at him at the same time. In ftis 
JMibiftTed work, we are not to look for elegance, but truth. He 
■jjbtiftii die false and delusive arts of so^llistry aiid rhet6ric ; 
a||^ them of all thi&ir drdatb^iits, and preiienls them to our eyes 
I their natural deformity. In the time of the civil war, he dis- 
layed his talents as an engineer. But the machines, which he 
Kdsed to be made in the Roman manner, though siifficieht proofs 
f JaoB genius, were not attended with the success which waa ez- 
ttcted from them. Chillingworth, Tillotson, and other great men, 
ftb'have employed the force of reason in religion, though under 
proper ifek'tiwnt> haVe been branded with Socinianism. 06. Jan. 



1 I • 



GULIELMUS ALABASTER, anno ^tatis' suse 
'€^; studii wcanae theologise, 33. C Johnson p. 
^i Payne ^. 4fo. twry scarce, and cofnmended by Mr. 
Pklyn^m his '' Calcography :' 

^William ALABAST£a ; Ato. W. Richardson. 

i^ William Alabaster, who received his education in the university 
^Cambridge, waa one of the best Latin poets of this age.* He 
||B also particularly eminent for his skill in the Greek and ori- 
|itd languages: He'was, for a' short time, a convert to the church 
V^Rome, and published ^evenmdh't;e« for his conversion; but he 
i'saw many more for his returning to the church of England. 
[iqiplied himself much to cabalistic learning, which is admiraUy 
- to make the Scriptiirles spedc any sense, or no sense at 




'. Fuller informs ja8,t tliat when his Latin tragedy of Iloxana was acted at 

f College, in Cambridge, ilie last words *< seqaar, sequar/'were so " hideously 

need," that a' gentlewoman present fell distracted, and never 'afterward re- 

her senses. It is indeed possible that an impassioned countenance, a wild 

l^tore, and a frightful tone of voice, might have had- such an effect 

a weak woman, and especially as she was ignorant of the drama which was 

before her. 




i_A. 



t ^ Worthies,*' in Suffolk, p. 70. 



368 BIOGRAPSICAL BISTORT 

m 

•IL* : Hie teit of die Mnnon which he prtecM fbi^hiii 
degiee, wes the fint Verse, of ihe flret chopCerr of the 
of Ghibiiides. neinehr. Aduou GBieth. Enoih. ' The iioft 
•Me of hit worici, is his ** Ledcon Pentagbtton ;** upon 
Wis mnployed many years. His highest prefennent in the 

was a prebend erf St Panics. Ob. April, 1640. . 

' • . • * ■ • . • .. . 

"PETER SMART, A. M. (M. 73, 1641) 
mioister of God's word, at Bowden, prebendf 
Durham, and one of his majesty's high comi 
in the province of York ; who, for preaching 
popery,:]: anno 1628, lost above 300/. per 
and was imprisoned in the King's Bench, 
eleven years, by the high commission. 

** Peter preach downe vain ritese with flagrant harCe, 
Thy Guerdon shall be greate, though heare thou Smart** • 

Geo. Abbot. wrcUepis. Cm4. comfomii. 

\ Hollar sc. 12mo. 



These yerses must have been written long before the print wii 
done, if composed by Archbishop Abbot, who died 1633. ' 

Peter Smart, &c. a book open before him ; Ate. 

The removal of die communion table from, the middle of the 
church to the upper end of it gave the highest offence to Smart, as 
if that act alone had been introducing popery. He preached a 
sermon, abounding with invectives, against ** the Whore of Baby-- 
lon's bastardly brood," &c« in which he evidently reflected on the 
bishops, and Dr. Cosin, the dean of Durham. He was afterward 
treated with as little ceremony as he had treated them ; for, upon 
his refusal to recant, he was degraded and dispossessed of all his 
preferments, and moreover fined and imprisoned. The puritan 
party are said to have raised 400/. a year for him, by subscriptioD. 
He was one of the witnesses against Archbishop Laud, in. 1644. 

. * The greatest eccentric genius in this kind of learning, was the autlior of 
" Moses's Prindpia ;" who was thought to be in the cabala, what Sir Isaac Newton 
was in philosophy. > 

t Sic Orig. % On Psalm zzxi^ 7. 



OF ENGLAND. 353 

Ir. GEORGE HERBERT, author of those sacred 
5ms, called 7 The Temple." R: White sc. Prefixed 
is Poems^* together with his Life by Walton.— "^.e 
ilaced here as a prebendary of Lincoln, to which 
nity he was promoted the 15th of July, 1626. 

teorge Herbert. J. Sturtsc. Prefixed to his Works; 
. 1709. 

eorge Herbert, fifth son of Richard Herbert, esq. and brother, 
dward, lord Herbert, of Cherbury, was public orator of the 
ersity of Cambridge, in the reign of James I. who was a great 
Irer of his abilities. While the king lived, he attended the 
t; but soon after his. death he took holy orders, and was pre- 
ed to the rectory of Bemerton, near Salisbury, where he was 
3st exemplary parish priest : but, to the regret of all that knew 

he died in less than three years after his ordination. He, on 
death-bed, commended his poems to the press. The great 
I Bacon had. such an opinion of his judgment, that he would 
suffer his works to be printed before they had pa^ed his exa- 
ition. We are credibly informed, that Mr. Pope frequently 

his poems for the same reason that Virgil read the works of 
ius.+ But such was his character, that we cannot but revere 
reat and good a man, as little as we esteem his poetry. The 
es quoted by Archbishop Tillotson, in his second sermon on 
ua xxiv. 15, have been attributed to him ; but they are from 
I Brooke's Tragedy of Mustapha.t 

'HOMAS FULLER, Ba. of Di. his right hand on 
)ok; 4to. before his ^^ Abel. RedivivusJ' 

[not her; 12mo. 

i'HOMAS Fuller, &c. jD. Loggan sc. prefixed to 
" History of the Worthies of England;'' fol. 1662 ; 
xe. 

The anonymous poeroa subjoined to Herbert's were written bj Crasliaw. 

>ee the '* Essay on the Genius and Writings of Pope," p. 85. 

ir Richard Steele, in No. 33 of his/' Lover/' says Aiaham, but he is mistaken. 



/• 



354 BIOGRAPnrCAL HISTORY 

Thomas Fuller, D.D. 4to, in Makohrts "Uva 
of Topographers.'' (T. TroUer sc.) 4to. 

^olkicd Thomas Fuller, prebendary* of Salisbury, and rector of BtoaJ 
""••S, Windsor, in Dorsetshire, was eminent as a divine; but more emt' ■ 
nent as a biographer and historian. His imaginiition was livelj/ 
bis reading extensive, and liis memory tenacious of what he read. ' 
His " History of the Holy War," his "Holy and profane Slate," 
his " Church History," his " Pisgah Sight," his " Abel RedivivnB," , 
and his " Histoiy of the Worthies of England," ate ihe most con- | 
fiiderablc of his works. Of these, the "Churcfi History" is At I 
most erroneous; the " Pisgah Sight" the most exact; and Vt j 
"History of the Worthies" the most estimable. He was unhappf . 
in having a vein of wit, as lie has taken uncommon pains to write 
Up to the bad taste of his age, which was much fonder of conceit 
dian sentiment. This vicious taste was upon tlie decline in the , 
reign of Charles I.f 06.15 Aug. 1661,^/. 54. 

JOHANNES HALES, coUeg. Eton, socius, et 
eccles. Windesoriensis canoiiicus. Frojitispkcc lo his 
Tracts ; small 8vo, 
Hiolfcd John Ilalcs, stykd " the cvcc-memoiable," was, for the lirighl- 
Lq"""' less and solidity of his genii's, the rariely and elegance of bis 
learning, and the politeness of his manners, the delight and envj 
of his contoraporarics. His knowledge in divinity and humanity 
was a radicated habit, and there was scarce ever any appeal fmra 
his judgment as a casuist, or a critic. The greatness of his cha- 
racter has stamped a value upon some of his compositions which 
are thought to have bnt little merit in themselves. His Seimons, 
especially, arc CJ^ceeded by tliose of several authors who flourislieJ 
al the same time. He was, by the prevailing faction in tlie civil 
wars, ejeclcd from his canonry of Windsor and his fellowship uf 
Eton College, the only preftrments he ever enjoyed. He diedvWJ 
poor, in 165G, in the 72d year of his age. J 

* He btjics Uimsclf Prebenilarius Prcbcndnrides, in bis " Appeal ofiiijiinJ In 
noeence,"rul. patliii. p. 47. I iticnlion tliis book os wiiilli llii: rend era nu" " 
ilj spirit mid plcBsaiilry. It h addressed to Dr. Hcyiin. 

t "And niociesofwil, and modes of ^cicnci- die."— Dn. Browne. 

} Seen teniatliEible jia^sagt conc^rninn Ijini, in Ifcjiin', " Lift uf AriMWii? 
Lnud," p.36'i. 




OF ENGLAND. 3fiS 

VIS andiQr jof ** Oolden RemaiiiSy'' &e. &c. and a ddegate 
SjBg James to Ae raemorable synod of Dort, and seems to 
been chaplain to Sir Dddley Carleton. See Sir Dudley 
^ . ^ ton's Letters^ pddished by the Earl of Hardwicke. 

I i- Mr. BEAUMONT ; a small head in the frontispiece 
Wt TRmtanky't *' Loyal Martyrologi/" 1665 ; 8vo. 

- Mr. Beaumont ; enlarged from the above print ;8vo. 

^'Hr. Beaumont a loyal clergyman, belonging to the garrison of 
nmfret Castle, was accused and brought to trial, for holding a 
IsRespondence in cypher with some active loyalists, and for his 
ndeavours in other ways to effect a rising of the country, in sup- 
(on of legitimate monarchy ; was found guilty and suffered deadi, 
Teb. 15, 1648. 



A FOREIGN DIGNITARY. 

GERARDUS JOAN. VOSSIUS. Sandra (San^ 
drart) p. A. Bloctel'mg sc. h.sh. 

** CemeTalatinae, lector, miracula terrse. 
Quern suus baud una perficit arte labor. 
Sufficit acta dies aliis, non sufficit illi; 
A solida studiis tempora nocte petit. 
Quid non exequitur scriptor? Nos sponte fatemur, 
Non alia scribi secula posse manu. 
Et puer, et juvenis, chartis impalluit, et vir ; 
Et nunc non alium se cupit esse senex." 

C. BaRL£US. 

Gerardus Joan. Vossius ; 4to. frontispiece to his 
^* EpistolcEf' Sfc. in which a?*e some curious particulars 
relating to his personal history. T. Matham sc. 

Gerard John Vossius. Vertue sc. fol. 

Gerard John Vossius. C Passeus ad vivam ; 
tight lines; small folio. 



35G BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Gerard John Vossius, professor of history at Leyden, and pn- 
bendary of Canterbury, was a man of as great reading-, and firioiii 
learning, as any of his contemporaries. He was partictilarly ent 
nent for his knowledge in philology and history, the latter oiMi 
was his greatest exeellence. He read over the Greek nndLslii 
historians, and passed liis judgment upon them all.* He liio 
composed a very ingenious work in thirty-two chapters, enlitleJ, 
" Ars Historica," the first of the kind ever published. t Hil 
" Rhetoric" has continued longer in esteem than any other moiiffli 
book on that subject. We are greatly amazed that one mancoflH 
have read, but still more, that he conld have written so machlW 
BO well.l He complains of the great number of mistakes in u- 
cient and modern authors ; but notwithstanding all his cate, Bi^ 
and others have found many errors in his own writiagu-J Hi 
came into England to be installed at Canterbury, in 1639. OJ f. 
1650, ^t. 73. '^' 



JOHANNES PRESTONUS, vir clarissimBs; 
eight English verses ; Ato. frontisp. to his " Nti 
Covenant" &:c. hi the title to which he is styled ckaplat |, 
to Charles I. but he perhaps more properly l>eloii§si -^^^ 
the prececlini^ reign. 

Jojis Piit:sri).v, D. D. small. 



John PiiKsroy; a sinall oval, in the title to^ 
" Saints' lujirmities,"' 1636 ; small Sro. 



John Preston, master of Emmanuel College, in Cambridge, 
first taken notice of by James I. at a public disputation in tlialnff 't^. 



* In liii books ■' De llislDritla Gracla et Laliius." 

i HHkewill's ■' Ajjul." ediL 1630, p. J5i, 

X Our wonder will be sonjewliat abated ns [a i\ie great nuiubei 
when Hc cniuider the following anccdole in b. MS. of Mr. Ashm^.^, .. - _^ 
MuBtuni^ he jajs he Imd il from Dr. John Pell. " Gerard Vossius wiutt to' ^i 
ceriniiu on one side of a sheet of paper, und joined Ihcm togelher, and "»"' •! 
ienii them lo the press, wilhiiul liRnsciibmg." ' 

f It ii with fluthors, ai with men in general, (hcj censure nthi 
which they not only lie open, bnl of "hitli iliey arc acluaily guiltj 



t. 



OP ENGLAND. 387 

^; id wkidi h^ asserted, thftt a hoUnd <^ould maker a syllo-^ 
n.* Tbd "king, who loved logic and h anting, i& suppok^d, flfOm 
t tliitC) to have liad a particular respect for him. Prestoh was 
tbat patron of the puritan partf in the late tetgn^ He M* 
nUy attended the court, where he was for some time fi^ga^ded 
ft dietingilished favourite of the Duke of Buckin^ham^f Whtl 
aght, by his means, to work the Puritans to a complidne^i With 
designs. But Preston, who was as great a politician as the 
^i ;#as not to be over-reached. He wrote maiiy practical titea- 
B and sermons, both in English ^nd in Latin. Ob. July 29/ 



'^ The reveirend, faithful, and profitable minister of 
tfs Word, RICHARD SiBBS, D. B. master of 
tharine Hall, in Cambridge, and preacher in Gray's 
I, London." Marshall sc. jEt.58; pr^xed to his 
^recious Promise^^'' 1638; l2mo. 

^xc. Si BBS, S. T. D, engraved in the ntanfiit of 
ywood. Frontispiece to his ^* Commentary on thejirst 
apter of the second Epistle to the Corinthians^'' foL 

Richard Sibbs. J, Payne sc. Ato. tbith versus. 
Richard Sibbs, &c. 12mo. 

^18 humble and pious man was bred in St. John's Collie; ift 
abridge, "W^ere he was eminent for his preaching* In 1618, he 
;, for his excellent talent that way, chosen preacher of GrtecfB. 
, and in 1626, elected master of Catharine Hall, to which he 



«' An enthymeme/' said he, " is a lawful sjllogisAf but dogs can ra&ke Cbem. 
instanced- in a bound, who had the major proposition in his mind, namely, 

bare is gon6 either this, or that wa j ; and smells out the minor #hh hu do#e, 
sbe is not gone that way ; and follows the conchu^n, Ergb^ this way, with 
^ mouth.*' Clarke's *' Lives," fol. — Preston borrowed thia avgome^t from 

atkigne. 
See Burnet's " Hiitory ^ Wt awtt Thae," vol. I. p. 19. 



3S» BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY " I 

was a great benefactor. He found tliat society in a very declining 
state : but it soon began to flourisb under his care. He was an- 
thor of several books of practical divinity, of which the most noted 
was his " Bruised Beed," to which, Mr. Baxter tella us, he in- a 
great measure owed hie conversioii.'* This circumstance bIoim I 
vould have rendered his name memorable. His principal workii | 
kis Conuneotary above mentioued. i 

DANIEL FEATLY, S. T. D. JEt. 65. MarshaUf. 
1645; 4to. Eight Latin verses. Frontispiece to ha 
" Dipper dipped." There is another print of him lying 
on his to}nb, on which is inscj'ibed his epitaph. 

Daniel Featly, or Faireloiigh, was son of a cook of CorpM 
Christi College, in Oxford, and one of its greatest ornaments.t Hs 
had the honour to spent a funeral oration before the college, upon 
the death of Dr. Rainolds, the celebrated and much lamenteii 
master of it : and he entertained the archbishop of Spatato, vben 
he was at the university, with a public exercise ; on both which 
occasions he acquitted himself with great applause. He attended 
Sir Thomas Edmonds in his embassy to France, where he bad 
several disputes with the Sorbooisls; as he afterward had wilt 
Fisher, the Jesuit, in England. He was both a vehement and an 
acute disputant; q\ialilies which rarely meet in the same person. 
His writings, whicli are chii'fly cnntroversial, are levelled against 
the papists, and the sectaries. He so exasperated the latter, iJiit 
they threw him into prison, where unwholesome air, bad diet, and 
worse treatment, soon broke his constitution, and hastened iii 
death. A little before he died, he was carried to Chelsea Colie?s, 
of which he was ihe third and last provost,^ and there ended bi! 
life. Ob. 164-5, Mlf. 65. He was succeeded in his rectoiy (f 
Lambeth by White, and in that of Acton by Philip Nye. 

SAMUEL BOLTON, D. D. Faithome sc. Un. 
S. S. T. M. 4S, 1C54. 

• See Batler'9 ■■ Life" tiy hinnelf, fol. or Calamj's " Abridgmcnl." (" 

t Tlic fainoU! Jacksun, hIio stand* higli ill (lie fiist clasi of our Englisb i\r^»' 

iiKh of <be same college, nnd lilg curitenipoiBri. 

J So Wood aays; hoi according lo riiller'j " Clloreh Ilistorj." 1.53,51, ll'»" 

Iht Ihirtt piovoit, and Dr. Samuel Withiiison Ilie foutth." 



Samuel Bolton, &c. jPI H. v. Hdvesc. 

Samuel Bolton was minister of St. Martin's, Ludgate, in this 
^S^y^&nd sat in the assembly of 4ivihes at /Westminster. In the 
oe of the Interregnum, he was preferred to the mastership of, 
irist College, in Cambridge, in which he succeeded Dr. Bain- 
igg. Several authors* speak of him as an excellent preacher 
id expounder of Scripture, and as of a most exemplary character. 
If. 5 Oct; 1654, ^t, 48. His funeral sermon was preached by 
T. Edmund Calamy. 

THOMAS TAYLOR, S.T. D. M. 56. Marshall 
:, Ato. 

Thomas Taylor, &c. Lombart sc. h. sh. 
Thomas Taylor; 8vo. in Cla7^ke*s ^^ Lives,^' 8^c. 
Thomas Taylor, &c, l2mo. 
Thomas Taylor, ^t. 66. Cross sc. Ato. 

Thomas Taylor, who flourished in this, and the preceding reign, 
"as. for his great knowledge in the Scriptures, styled "The illumi- 
ated Doctor."f He was some time a preacher at Reading, in 
Berkshire, where his example was observed to have a good effect 
pon the younger clergy. He was afterward promoted to the rec- 
yrj of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, in London. His works, which 
ontain commentaries on several of the Epistles of St. Paul, and. 
kther theological pieces, were printed in two volumes folio, 1659. 
ie, and Dr.* Thomas Beard of Huntingdon, were joint compilers of 
■ The Theatre of God's Judgment ;" a work collected from ancient 
Lud modem authors, the fourth edition of which was published in 
l648, fol. 06.1632. 

GUIL. GOUGE, S.T. P. &c. W. Fait home sc. 

• Clarke, Neale, kc, 

t Wood says that .he excelled \t\ following, and opening an idlegory.^'"* Fasti 
^on.** vol. i. -coU 250. 



9flQ BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

Frottti^. to h¥ " Camnefifary on the Eputle to tk 
Hebrews," 1655; fol. eight English verses. 

GoiL. GrotiQE, Scc.Jiwn the same plate ; ten Ertglak 
verses, different from the former. 

Guii,. Gouge, &c. J. Dunstallf. 

GuiL. Gouge, &c. Stent; Ato. 

William Gouge was educated at King's College, in Cambridge, 
wheiebe nereTabKQt^fciinnlf from public prayeraat thechi^l 
ror nine years together, and constantly read fifteen chapters in tbe 
Bible every day. He was one of the assembly of divines; ami 
was, with several others, chosen by a comniittee of parliament, to 
, write annotations on the Bible.* He was forty-five years the la- 
boriont, the exemplary, and the innch loved minister of St. AcDe's, 
Blackfriar8,-iD London, where none ever thought or spoke ill of 
bun, but such as were inclined to tliiak or speak ill of religion 
itself. He did his great Master's busjne.-is till his strength abso- 
lutely failed him, and then " came to his grave in a full age, like 
as a shouk of corn comcth in his season."t Ob. 3653, /E(. 79. I 
am informed from a manuscript note in a copy of Fuller's "Wor- 
thies," in the possession of Sir William JIusgrave, bart. "that lie 
refused the provostship of King's College, in Cambridge, and thai 
he bad eight children, who lived to man's and woman's estate." 

TOBIAS CRISP, D.D. ^i.A2. J. S. (Sturt)K. 
4lo. 

Tobias Crisp; smal/ 8vo. Before the third vokvn 
of his Se7-?no)is, 1646. 

Tobias Crisp. Arthur Soly sc. 

Tobias Cbisp ; plain oval frame ; Ato. 

* Called, " Tbe Assembljs Amotaliom." 

t Job T. 26. The text of hit funeral setmoii, picachecl by Wm. Jtntjn,' 
tacceeded him a> lainljici of BUckfrian. 



PF ENGLAND. 361 

• Tobiad Crisp wa$ rector of Brinkworth^ in Wiltshire^ Tvhere he 
was admired for his preaching, and hip^hly esteemed for his hospi- 
tality, diligence, and irreproachable behaviour. In the former part 
oif his life, he was professedly an Arminian ; but afterward became 
a rigid Antinomian. In 1642, he left Brinkworth, and retired to 
I^Qodon, where his tenets, with respeqt to grace, were presently 
known, and drew him into a controversy with fifty-two divines. 
By excessive application, he contracted a distemper, that soon 
brought him to his grave. His Sermons, &c. were reprinted in 
1689, with the naraes of twelve presbyterian and anabaptist minis- 
ters prefixed, expressing their approbation of the book. This 
revived a controversy, in which Mr. Daniel Williams and other 
persons of note were engaged. The reader may see particulars in 
the " Biographia Britannica," Artie. Toland, note (B). Our author 
Crisp has been regarded as the great champion of antinomianism. 
06. 27 Feb. 1642-3. 



EDWARDUS SIMPSON, S.T.D. M. 73; Ato. 
JPrentisp. to his '^ ChronicoHy*' S^c. 

Edwardus Simpson, &c. a small oval, in the neat 
title to his *' Chi^onicon,'^ a different edition from the 
fwtnAT. Wandelaar im)enit et fecit ; h.sh. 

Edward Simpson, a native of Tottenham, in Middlesex, was edur 
cated at Trinity College, in Cambridge. Having taken the degrees 
in divinity, he became chaplain to Sir Moyle Finch ; and was, by 
the Viscountess Maidstone, his daughter, preferred to the rectory of 
Eastling, in Kent. He was esteemed a good critic in the learned 
lan^ages, and an excellent historian. In 1652, l)e published his 
^borate work, entitled " Chronicon Catholicum ab Exordio 
Mundi," in folio. The eminent critic Peter Wesseling republished 
this book. Dr. Edward Reynolds, afterward bishop of Norwich, 
Ia bis licence for the pres^^ gives this, character of it: 'VEgregium 
^ absoltttissimiHtt opii«, summa industria, omnigena eruditione, 
ms^o judicio et multorum annortrm vigiliis prodnctum." He 
mlao wrote notes on Horace^ Persius, &c« Ob. 1652. 

Dr. LUPTON ; in a neat title to his '' History of 



3ea BIOGRAPHICAL UISTORT 

modem Protestant Dimnet," 1637, mtiAicharexverai 
tt^l English heads. 

Dr. Lnptoo wu also Milbot of tli« "Ijres of the ' Fathen," 
Lond. 1640, 4to. in which are « conaidertble number of small h«idt^ 
by Qlorer : tbote of the divines woe probably engrared bj the 



Dr. LAIGHTON (or Leighton). Holiar/.atmll 
ooal; fourteen EngUsh lines. 

Dr. Laighton; fourteen English Unes. J. Berry tc. 

Under the head is the following inscription, which shews hov 
, diSiircntly authors of libels were treated in the reign of Charles 1. 
from what they have been of late years. '* Dr. Laighton, for writ- 
ing a book called ' Sion's Plea,'* was first, by a warrant from the 
high-commission court, clapped up in Newgate, for the space of 
fifteen weeks, where he suffered great misery and sickness, almott 
to death ; afterward lost one of his ears on the pillory, had one of 
his nostrils slit clean through, was whipped with a whip of llwee 
corils knotted, had about thirty-six lashes therewith, was fined ten 
thousand pounds, and kept prisoner in the Fleet twelve yean, 
where he was most cruelly used a long time, being lodged day and 
night among the most despciately wicked villains of that whole 
prison." He was father of Dr. Robert Leighton, the excelleiil 
archbishop of Glasgow. f 

• He, in lliii buok, stjiej liie Ijisliops, " Men of Bioad," and the queen "A 
Bsughtcr of Helli." 

t Doctor Leighton h«i been generally taken fur a doelor of divimiy; bill il 
menu, from llie following ateouoi of liini, thai he waa a tloctur of phjajc, ihougbio 
bulj order]. He nuji llieiefure be iciooved into tlie nindi class. 

■ Dr. Aleiandtr LeiglituQ wa> inteidiclEd the practice of physic in the reign «( 
Jamc! I. bj the preaidenl and ceniori of the College of Physicians, as n disqeiliSnl 
person. He alleged, in bar to this prohibition, that be liad taken bis doctoi'i de- 
gree at Lejden, under professor Heurnius. It was then objected to bim, ibil be 
bad taken priest's orders ; and being asked Mhy he did not tidhete to the profrtuoo 
to which he bad heeu ordained, he cicepted against Ibe ceremonies, but owned luoi' 
self to be a clergyman. Still peisiitlng to practise in London, or witbin seven oilo 
of that city, he "as eeniured " tanqtiam in/amii, he having before beencensared in 
Die Slar-chambcrtoiose his ears." Dr. Clia. Goodall'i ■' Historical Account of lb 
College's Proceeding! agiiini,l En.pirlLi,- p. 401. 



OF ENGLAND. , 363 

WILLIAM FENNER, &c. Hollar f. 1666, A. «A. 

William Fenner, B. D; MAO, 1640. Hollar f. 
\1mo. 

William Fen NER, B. D. M. 45, 1645 ;♦ Bollarf. 
8t?o. 

William Fenner, a noted puritan divine, received his education 
at Pembroke Hall, in Cambridge. He was preferred to the rec- 
tory of Rochford, in Essex, by the Earl of Warwick, who was a 
great admirer of his preaching. He wrote a considerable number 
of practical books ; as " Christ's Alarm to drowsy Saints," &c. &c. 
He was much resorted- to as a casuist. 

Mr. HERBERT PALMER (B. D.) ; smatt Ato. in 
Clarke's " Lives of Puritan Divines;'.' Ato. 

• Herbert, son of Sir Thomas Palmer, was educated in the univer- 
sity of Caimbridge. He was a man of uncommon learning, gene- 
rosity, and politeness ; and his character, in general, was so good 
Qiat Bishop Laud, in 1632, presented him to the vicarage of Ash- 
well, in Hertfordshire, though he was professedly of puritan prin- 
ciples.f He sat in the assembly of divines at Westminster; and 
was one of those that wished for peace, in the time of the civil 
war.t In 1644, he was, by the Earl of Manchester, appointed 
master of Queen*s College, in Cambridge ; where he was very atten- 
tive to the duties of his office. He was author of the " Memorials 
of Godliness," the thirteenth edition of which was printed in 1708; 
and had a considerable share in the '' Sabbatum redivivum.*' He 
•poke the French language with as much facility as his mother 
tongue. Ob. Dec. 25th, 1647, ^t. 47. 

Mr. HENRY SCUDDER(B. D.); \2mo.W.Sher' 
-win 8C. 



^ * Tli6 date on this print has been altered fo 1651. 

^t- The archbishop in hit defence at his triai« mentioned this fn m instance of his 
iaipartiality. 

t ^ Memoirs of DeosilHoUis;* p. 160. 



3C4 BIOGRAPHICAL MfBTORY 

Henry Seadder, an eminent preibyterian dfivine, iM 
of Colingbourae Dacis» in Wiltshire. He was author (tf a 
book, entitled, '' The Chrisdan's dailjrWalk/' This book was 
latedy into High Dutch by Theodore Haak, who also 
the first six books of Milton's '' Paradise Lost** into that laagai 
for which performance he was much complimented by Fabridn, 
. celebrated divine at Heidelbui^. The translator is said to ksi 
projected the first plan of the Royal Society.* 

EDMUNDUS CALAMIE, &c- four JEfigBA 
perses; \2mo. 

Edmund Calamy, B. D. R. White sc. 12ma. 

Edmund Calamy; with the heads of Jos. Caq^V- 
James Janeway, and Ralph Venning ; Qvo. ^ 

« 

Edmund Calamy; small, with thirteen of kefs; 
prejixedto the ** Faretoell Sermons of ejected Ministertf 
Ato. 1662. 

Edmund Calamy. W. Dobson pinx. Caldwallsc. 
In the " Nonconformists^ Memorial;'' 8vo. 

Edmund Calamy was educated at Pembroke Hall, in Cambridge 
where he laid the foundation of that great learning, for which hc! 
was aflerward distinguished. He wad some time domestic chaplain 
to Nicholas Felton, bishop of Ely ; and was, upon the death of 
William Fenner, presented, by the Earl of Warwick, to the rectory 
of Rochford, in Kent. His next preferment was to the church of 
St. Mary, Aldermanbury, where he continued till the time' of &€ 
ejection of the nonconformists, after the restoration. His natural 
and acquired abilities qualified him to be the leader of the Pres- 
byterians. He presided over the city ministers in their meetings i 
was the most active of their members in the assembly of dirines ; 
and was, in effect, the Baxter of this reign. But his writings, 
which are chiefly practical, are not near so numerous as Baxter's. 

* See a note subjoined to the article of Cowley, in the HiigA of CImries It, 



op Rsen.AW>. 3W 

le was one of th^ writ^T9 ggain^f tite Liturgy?* tut was not ^q 
tf^ptiQUs 9s $ome of tbe nonconformists, who w^r^ incUi^d tR 
|H$urr^l with the T# Peuin, and *♦ correct the Magnificat," only 
i^ause they wer^ us^d in the service of tjje chur<?h of Rome. K[§ 
lured to censure the oondnct of Cromwell, to his face ; and wsjg^ 
lever known to he intimidated wber^ he diought hi^ duty wd^ 
roncerned.f He went to see the ruins of the city of London, af$^jp 
be dreadful fire, in 1666; and was so deeply afiepted with ^ 
Hght, that it broke his heart.} 

NATHANIEL BERNARD, S. T. B, rector de 
Remenham. W. Marshall sc. Qvo. 

](Q^athaniel Bernard, lecturer of St. Sepulchre's in London^ who 
peas probably made rector of Remenham upon the ejection of some 
conformist, ** preaching at St. Antholin's church. May 3, 1629, 
Bsed this expression, in his prayer before sermon : Oh Lord, q^ 
fcbe eyes of the queen's majestic, that she may see Jesus Ch^, 
0rbom she hath pierced with h^r infidelity, superstition^ and ido- 
Utrie.''§ These are Prynne's own words, who says, that Bishop 
Laud being informed of it, brought him before the high commission 
at Lambeth ; but out of tenderness, as ^ he was a young scholar 



* One of the answers to the book, written by Calamy and his brethren against 
<ha liturgy, was ^ptitled, ** A Trhoat Hapse for the Frogs and Toads that crept 
^joad croaking; against the Cpmoion "PtBLyei Book." 

t Hu grandson informs i)s, jthat he bad General Monck for his auditor, in his own 
<3iinrch, soon after the restoration ; and that having occasion to speak in hit sermon 
^ filtliy luoie, he said, " Some men will betray three kingdoms for filthy lucre's 
fake ; and Immediately threw his handkerchief, which he usually wa^^d up and 
^wn while he was prfaching^ towards the general's pew."— Calamy's " I4vea of 
]piuLter," &c. ii. p. 6. 

;( It is probable, that Mr. Calamy would have been unhappy if he hfid not seen 
this horrid spectacle. The ingenious Mr. Burke, in his ** Enquiry into the Origin of 
ow Ideas of the SnUime and Beautiful," supposes, that if the metropolis were de- 
stroyed by |i conflagration, great " numbers, from^l p^rts, would crowd to b^9|d 
fbe ruins, ai^ amongst them many who would hfive bie^ content never Xq. hf^fe 
9M9 it in its glory .'*J| 

$ See Prynne's " Canterburie's Doom," p. 176,362, 363. 419. 535, 5;?6,, whence 
afanost the whole of this article is extracted. See also Wood's "Fasti," i. 244* 



H ^, 17, ^ecoi^d f dit. 

VOL. n. ,3b 



366 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

and a student in divinity," tlie bishop was desired to intercede witb 
the king for his pardon, and he accordingly procured it. Butte 
leal, not resting here, carried him to Cambridge, where preochinj 
at St, Mary's, and elsewhere, he accused the established chuitt 
of popery, superstition, and idolatry: for which being convenedlij 
the vice-chancellor. Dr. Comber, he retreated with precipilatitat 
The vice-chancellor wrote to the bishop concerning him, on wliitk 
being a second lime brought before the commissioners, he *» 
suspended, fined, and imprisoned. The bishop would have ' 
him sign a recantation, btit in vain ; it is therefore probable, thit 
he was roughly handled. Whether he deserved it or not, is, it 
seems, a problem betwixt the admirers of Bishop Laud and William 

EDWARD FINCH; a small whole length, dresstd 
in a surplice, followttig a coach full of wotnen. Over 
the coach is written " Away for Hammersmith;" mi 
in another part, near an alehouse or tavern, " Findis 
Perambtilations." The print, 7vhick is cut inwood,k- 
longs to a book, called " The Petition and Articles sf 
several Changes exhibited against Mdward Finch, Sjt' 
now a Fugitive for fear of this present ParlimmiC 
1641, Alo. Copied by W. Richardson. 

Edward Finch, vicar of Christ Church, in London, and broto 
to the lord-keeper, appears, according to Walker,* to have been itf 
first parochial clergyman who was ejected fi-oni a benefice ly ll" 
reforming parliament. It was the misfortune of this gentlenan t" 
iiye in an age when the beauty of holiness was deemed deformitj; 
and when orthodoxy, conformity, and politeness, were enrolls^'" 
the black list of crimes. Some of the ma^tfiagrartt in the arli* 
exhibited against him were, that he preached in a surplice; tballi! 
wore this abominable vestment in his perambulations; thai li^ 
worshipped the " great idol" lately erected in the church, meaoiiiE 
the altar ; and associated with women. He died, soon aftft lii* 
sequestration, 1 Feb. 1642, happy in this circumstance, that heoolj 
tasted of the bitter cup, of which many of his brethren and frifn^i 
unfortunately lived to exhaust the dregs. 

• '■ Sufferings of Ihe Clergj," p«n ii. p. 170. 



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^^BBpy 1' 


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OF ENGLAND. 367 

' i^DONIRAM BYFIELD, with a windmill on his 
ke^ij jond the devil blowing the sails ; it is engraved in 
thtfiufkner of Gaytvoodj Ato. scarce. 

■ 

• . ■ . • ■ < ■ 

AitQKUAM Byfield. R. Grave sc. 8vo. 

4dQi|ibam Byfield, who is said to have been a broken apothe- 
cary, .^iraii a man of special note, and a very active zealot in this 
buy nd boisterous reign. He was . one of the scribes to the 
u4^y of divines that sat at Westmmster, and had a great 
band.in the Directory, the << originaF' of which he sold for 400/.* 
He WBM in possession of the valuable benefice of Colingbourn, 
in W&tilure, the right of which belonged to Dr. Christopher 
Pnofr inrebfindary of Slape» in the church of Salisbury, and of 
Burton Davy, in that of Wells ; and who was also principal of 
New-Inn Hall, in the university of Oxford. The preferments of 
Ais oilliodox and learned divine were alone sufficient to enroll him 
with- the scandalous and reprobate clergy. Adoniram Byfield is 
one of those few persons who have, by name, been stigmatized by 
Butler, in his '' Hudibras/' He was father of Byfield the sal vola- 
tile doctor.f 

WILLIAM CARTWRIGHT, (A.M.) sitting in a 
studious posture with Aristotle's Works open before him. 
Zjombdrt sc. Frontispiece to his Poems and Plays, 1 651 ; 
8vo. Eight English verses, " Thus thy left hand, the 
niighty Stagirite,'^ Sgc. 

William Cartwright ; eight English verses. W. 
Richardson. 

William Cartwright, &c. T. Rodd. 

William Cartwright was son of a gentleman of broken fortune, 
who was reduced to keep an inn at Cirencester, in Gloucestershire. 
He had the highest reputation of any man of his time in the uni- 

* « Assembly Man," p. 15. 

t See Grey's " Hudibras," vol. ii. p. 278, 279. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

ity of O ford, for poetry, oratory, and philosophy. His " Royal 
e" wag acted before the king and qoeen, by his fellow -students 
hrist Church ; of whom the mo3t applauded was Mr. Bnsbj, 
ward the celebrated master of Westminster School, who per- 
med the part of Cratander. Wit, learning, judgment, elocution, 
Taceful person and behaviour, occasioDed that well-known m- 
a of hira from Dean Fell, " That he was the utmost that man 
oome to," This instance of the perfection of human nature, 
also an instance of its vanity. He was suddenly snatched 
by a fever in the prime of life, on the 29th of NoTember. 
and had the honour to be regretted by his sovereign aail 
een, who were in Oxford at the time of his death. Abra- 
f right, fellow of St. John's College in that university, pub- 
id five sermons, in the several styles of Bishop Andrews, 
lop Hall, Dr. Jasper Mayne, Mr. William Cartwright,* the 
sbyterians and Independents. 

GULIELMUS OUGHTRED, M. 73. Hollar/. 
1646; 4io, 

Mr. Evelyn tells us, that this print, which was done for bJB 

" Clavis," extremely resembles him.+ 

GuLiELMus Olghtrkd, jlit. 73; an etching. F. S- 

William Oughtred, rector of Aldbury, in Surrey, was geDemlly 
reputed the greatest mathematician of his age and countrj', He 
was by no means deficient in the pursuit of such studies as more 
immediately related to his profession ; but seems to have been ca> 
ried to the mathematics by an irresistible force of genius. He in- 
vented several useful instruments, and composed many excellent 
pieces on mathematical subjects. But his masterpiece is bis 
"Clavis Mnthematica," which he drew up for his pupil, the Lord 
William Howard, son of Thomas, carl of Arundel. This worVis 
thought to be so perfect as scarce to admit of improvement; and 
what serves instead of every other encomium, the general plan of 
it has been adopted by Sir Isaac Newton. He was the first tliat 
gave a turn for mathematical studies to the university of Cam- 



OP ENGLAND. 369 

bridge ; and his ** Clavis" was introduced by Seth Ward, who 
lectured his pupils in it. He sometimes amused himself with 
ftfchery ; but his very study seems to have had a good effect upon 
Bis health ; as the mathematics were not only recreation to him, 
Irat Epicurism. He was sprightly and active at above eighty years 
of age ; and if we may believe Mr. Collier, died in an ecstacy of 
joy upon hearing of the restoration of Charles II. Ob. 1660, Mt. 
Mi. See the Interregnum, Class IV. 

FRANCISCUS ROBERTS, A.M. MAO, 1648. 
Cross sc. Before his " Key to the Old Testament ^^ 
] 649 ; ^vo. See the Interregnum. 

RlCHARDUS BERNARD, pastor vigilantissi- 
mus de Batcombe, 1641. W. Hollar f. 4to. 1641. 
Frontisp. to his ^^ Thesaurus,'' ^c. JEtatis sua 74* 

.Richard Bernard was twenty-eight years the worthy rector of 
Batcomhe, in the county of Somerset. He was author of " The- 
saurus Biblicus/' a laborious work, formerly much used by way 
of concordance. He was also author of an '' Abstract and Epi- 
tome of the Bible," which I have seen bound up with old Bibles. 
In 1647, he published " A Guide to Grand-jurymen, with Respect 
to Witches," the country where he lived being, if we may believe 
Cttanviile, formerly much infested with them. He was preceded 
in his rectory by Dr. Biss, who lived in the time of the reformation. 
His successor was Richard Allein, a famous nonconformist, of 
whom there is an account in the '^ Biographia Britannica." Ob» 
1641.* 

JOHANNES SYM, rector ecclesiae Leeosis, inter 
Efraexianos, M. 66. Wm. Marshall/. 1637; 4to. 

In Sioh College Catalogue occurs, *' life's Preservative against 
Sdf-killbgy by John Sym, Minister of Leigh, in . Essex ;*' Lond. 
1637 ; 4to. See also the Bodleian Catalogue. 



* '< Threefold 'Kr^atise of the Babbstb/' 1641, to wlaichUs portrait yrai fint 
prefixed. 



370 BIOCSAPBICAL BISTOET 

JOHX FEATLY; m tmaU keti. m tkc tHk tftk 
/oOoKiag boik. of lekkk he waa tl^ otfior, viz. "i 
Fountain of T<an~ Sgc. prinUd at AauicrJamt m IGtC; 

U A* " fc iMlMM m tt MMint Hem- ia At Ok td Jk. 
ftmmitiAwmwmAm. He «■ eha^luB u> Charies L aod a 



* GULIELMUS WHATELIE, theologus; sir Latin 
verteM. FrotUupiece to his " PnAolifpeg, or Ike primar) 
precedent prtsidaits, out of the Book of Genesis,^ 1647 ; 

William Whatelte, or Whatelr, a Calviaist, was many years ticu 
of Biuibury, in Oxrordthire. His reputation as a preacher was m 
great, that numbers of different persuasions went from Oxford, and 
Olhr.r distant places, to hear him. As he ever appeared to apeat 
from bin licarl, liii sermons were felt as well as heard, and wfri; 
utltndid witli suitable effects.' His piety was of a very eiLtraor- 
ilinnry utriiin, as iippcars from his book " Of the Cumbers anil 
TtoLilili'!. of Murriat'r," He died tlie lOtli of May, 1639, mneh 
JBinviitod by liis pariabionera. These lines are part of his epiUpk: 



■ A nci||liliuuringcli.'rgf mail being deeply affected wiih a seroion of his, upon 
buiiiily to llic |iuur, wcnl to liini a!\ct it waa ended, and asked liim what pnip«nioii 
«t lii> Incumc lie ought in conicience to giir. Whately adiised liim not U tc 
■liniliiKi mid Inliinali-'i!, that when \\c wag fai from U'ing jii easy ciii:umitaiiixi,)ii 
ii-iiili'i'il hiiii-i'ir to ft aiidE a largei sum Ihan ever, fur cliaritable uKs : Bud thu 
Ihi' > iinii'iiiiriire wis, that Oud blviscd and incceiued the slendcc heap frdm nbtdi 

iiieilj hciii foncd to boTiow. Sec the story at Inrge in llic " life of BIr. Jb. 
Mcde," |ii,(i«pd to his " Works." fol, 1677. 

t S.'iritil lit Ilie poclRslrTs of (he age looked upon Ihis thonght a« (w beantifiil 
In t>c Uie pniprrly of A single |ie<ioti, &nd have iheiefore ,^hared it amoa^ ibrB. 
Kn ilie Tfiseian Ibe death of Queen F.liiabelh, in Camdeu's" Renuiiif, bi FUli- 
pol" p, \i*, ot Id the " Ho.vil aod Noblv Aulbora," J. p. 40, sccood fdiL 



OF ENGLAND. , 371 

JOHN ROGERS, preacher at Dedham, in Essex ; 
arge heard; 12nw. 

John Rogers, a puritan divine, and minister of Dedham, in 
Sssex, was as popular a preacher as any of his time. His congre- 
gation, upon lecture days, was generally an assemblage from all 
he country round ; and his church was npt only thronged, but 
sometimes surrounded by such as could not get admittance. 
[!!alamy, in his account of the life of Mr. Giles Firmin, informs ns, 
* that he was converted when he was a schoolboy by Mr. John 
Rogers of Dedhara. He went late upon a lecture day, and crowded 
to get in. Mr. Rogers taking notice of his earnestness, with a 
jfouth or two more, for room, with his usual freedom cried out, 
' Here are some young ones come for Christ : will nothing serve 
you but you must have Christ : Then you shall have him,' &c. 
which sermon paade such an impression upon him, that he thence 
dated his conversion.*' 

HENRICUS BURTON, theol. Cantabrigiensis, 
&c. Glover f. 4to. 

Henry Burton. Hollar/, a smalloval, under which 
is some account of him. 

Henry Burton, JEt. 63, 1640; four English 
verses ; large oval. 

Henry Burton, rector of St. Matthew's, Friday- 
street ; Svo. in Clarendon. 

Henry Burton; Greek inscription at top; beneath, 
sis English verses in the manner of Marshall; oval; 
scarce. 

Henry Burton, with an account of his sufferings. 
J. Berry sc. 

Henry Burton, because he could not arrive at such a height of 
preferment in the church as he aspired to, conceived an implacable 



r 

■ 3; 




372 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



hatred against the church itoelf. He wrote and preached agiainii 
die hierarchy, and the adiniQistration, with all the spleen of disap- 
poioted ambition ; and was joinlly concerned in a sediiioua anJ 
scliismatical Uhel wilh Prynne and Bastwlck. The punishmentof 
these men, who were of the three great professions, was ign* 
ininiouB and severe : they were pilloried, tincd, and baniahei' 
Though they were never objects of esteem, tliey eoon became ob- 
jects of pity. The indignity and the severity of their punisluaent 
gave general offence; and they were no longer i(^rded as crimi- 
nals, but confessors. 



JEREMIAH BURROUGHES, the gospel 
preacher to two of the greatest congregations in 
England, viz. Stepney and Cripplegate, London. 
Cross sc. FroiUisp. to kh ''Gospel Worship," 1648; 
4lo. 

Jeuemiah BuRRODdHES, htc minister of the 
gospel. T. Cross sc. Frotttisp. to his " Sainfs Treo- 
Avry" 1656. 

.Ikremiah Bl'rrouches, late minister, &c. Ga}- 
wondf. 4to. 

Jeremiah Burroughes; hand on a scull, prefi'^ 
to /lis " £.ircf(liiig Sinfulness of Sin ;^ Ato. 1654. 

Jeremiah Burroughcs was educated at Cambridge ; bui «^ 
obliged to quit that university for nonconformity. He, for ^oiM 
time, sheltered hintself under the hospitable roof of the Eail "f 
Warwicfc,-|- and afterward retired to Holland, and was elecieJ 
minister of an English congregation at Rotterdam. About ^ 
licginniQg of the civil war, he returned to England ; not to prMf^ 
sedition, like some of his uonconfonning brethren, but peace; fof 
which he earnestly prayed and laboured. His "Irenicum" s^' 



• Thej were imprimiifd ia the iilandj of Goenuey, Jereej, »DiJ Sdllj- 
t C*1bbj'i '■ Bciaoii U tbc end of Wunick'c Wa^Mi," p. ST. 




TEREMIAH fimuSoaCBE J L ate. 

Centre a atunus in.'Enalan.l. Vm^$>b&vn£y 



■i 



OF ENGLAND. 373 

of tht last «al;j«ct8 upon which hfi preached. His incessant 
>iiray and his grief for the distractions of the times, contributed 
lasten his death. He was a man of learnings candour^ and 
lesty y and of an exemplary «nd irreproachable 1^. A eonsider- 
I number 4yf Us practical writings are in print, of which some 
o published after his decease. Ob. 14 Nqy. 1646. 



BENRY WILKINSON, S. T, P. in the « O^xfard 
TUinack," 1749. 

lepry WilkinspQy <50i9iQQn)y called Deap Harry, was born in 
West Riding of Yc^kshire; aud received his grammatijsal e^ijir. 
ion at Sylvester School, in the parish of All Saints, Oxfprd; 
I entered a commcm^r of Magdalen Hall, in 1631, and too]c hi^ 
nrees in arts, and became a noted tutor or dean of his hons^, ^ 
on the eruption of the civil war in 164/2, fa^ left th^ unive^ity 
I adhered to the psj^liament party. He wa» very cpurte^MMf JP 
lech, oommonicative, generous, and cheM^itable to the popfi wi> 
public spirited^ fthat he always rf gftrded the c<Hompn good mQf^ 
n bis Pirn jponcf^ms* Bewa9 aut)K»r of many w<Mrk9 io Lfttin 
lEnglMi, Sef Wood's '* AjOien. Ojv:(9i|/' Hedi9dl990. 

HENRT JESS^Y (or Jessie), holding a book. 

m 

Hen&t Jesset. O. Davis sc. Prefixed to his '^ Mis- 
llanea Sacra,"* 1666 ; 8vo. 

Hekat Jessev, holding a booh. W. Richardson. 

Henry Jessey, an eminent puritan <Uvine, received his eduealibtt 
St. John's College, in Oxford. He was a noted preacher, and 
thor of several practical pieces, which he distributed among his 
ethren. The most considerable of his niunerous works are* ''Tb^ 
mpture Calendar," &c. which was several times printed: his 
Description and Explanation of two hundred and sixty-eight 
aces in Jerusalem, and the Suburbs thereof.*' This was likewise 
printed. He also published several tracts relative to the work 
grace, and conversion of divem p^sons, both young and old, 
ssides his own '' Experiences.'' He was also «ttdMr of '' The 

VOL. XX. 3 c 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

I loud Call toEnglaad: being a true Relation ofBomtlW 

- B and wonderful Judgments, or handy Works of God, tj 

make. Lightning, Whirlwind, great multitude of Toads ui 

1660." " This book (says Mr. Wood) begins with c«- 

) relating to Oxon, which being very false, the teidti 

irwise but judge the rest so to be. In 1661, came o«l 

are of a most damnable design, called, ' Mitabilii 

Jie Year of Prodigies and Wonders,' &c. and in 166J, 

d second part of ' Annus mirabilis secundus,' nJid pro- 

uiner parts, but such ' '■"-'c not yet seen. When tbcM 

out, which were advanceu by several hands, it was verilj 

sed that Henry Jessie had a principal share in theni, &c 

,igth paying his last debt U ature, 4 Sept. 1663, beingtlieii 

■ouQted the oracle and idol o the faction, he was, on the 7ui 

he same month, laid to sleep ^ith his fathers, in a holi 

'he yard joining to Old Bedlam near Moorfields, in the sabprt" 

London, attended with a ■"■^ ige medley of fanatics (mosllj 

thaptists) that met upon th y point of time, all at the 

It, to do honour to their 'ted brother. Some years afler, 

aie out ' A short account oi Life and Death,' &c. but full of 

ridiculous and absurd cantings ; to which is annexed ' An Ekgf on 

Mr. William Bridge.' " The foregoing quotation is introduced bert, 

as a specimen of the style of Mr. Wood, when be speaks of iht 

nonconformists . 



* It II1U91 bi^rc he uandidljr unned, tlial Jemj clearly thews hlmielfi 
Ibisbuuk. InllieliriicLapttr.bc speaks uf " the toed '■ Strang? baud at Gi 
Ibe sudilvil dEatb uf seveial peisuBS, aclocs in B play BgaiDst Furilaoi and ulbEn" 
And be ibjb, iu tbu iBiui^ chapter, ibat " llic firgi man Ibat read prajen 
univeriil;, since Ibli change (lueaniug llie res tors Ud].), the Lord hatL o 
off," fee. " The first mail that read prajiTS at WadJiani CuUege is also cul 

Ibe slated laws of nature, were by iils gloomy jtriagiaatlon cnnvefled jjilo jud| 

against the restoiation of the king and the reading oC tbe " seriice book." Tin 

was crowded with scenes uf festivity, fBiicicd they ia» llic plagues of the Imd 
Egjpt Various writers etidcBfouied to spread the alarm. Tlie roost audicioui 
them was the splenetic Buibai of '■ 'I'he Yeai of Piodigics," wbo ransatknl ^1 1 
books be met witb for uieiuorable and portentous accideuts and appeeriDcei, i 
their couiequenl judgments, anil did his ulinoat to Jeirifj the people with agiaui 
leti bul dreadful anlicipaliou of the same events. These auUiors occBsionFd 1 
Speticer (0 wiiie a rary rational book upon prodigies. 







fiMik^Ju^. ,J .Se,. iy IFiyman/^m^ni -*w. 



OF ENGLAND. 375 

THOMAS BEARD ; a neat whole lengthy two scho- 
rs standing by him, a rod in his handy and a label pro- 
eding from his numth^ inscribed ''As in prasenti.'* 

Thomas Beard; inscribed "Pedantius." W. 
ichardson. 

■ ■ » < - • 

Thomas Beard, .who was a puntaa mmister at Huntingdon, was 
boolmaster to Oliver Cromwell. He was author of the "Theatre 
God's Judgments," and of " Pedantius, Comadia, olim Cantab. 
ta,in Coll. Trin, nunquam ante hcBc Typis evulgata^^ Londini, 1631, 
'mo* The print of him belongs to this comedy. 

* 

RICHARD BLACKERBY ; a small oval. Van 
fovesc. In Clark's '' Lives,''* folio. 

Richard Blackerby, a native of Worlington, in Suffolk, was edu- 
ted at Trinity College, in Cambridge. He was perfectly skilled 

the learned languages, which he taught at Ashen, near Clare, in 
iffolk, where he had a considerable number of scholars, some of 
3om have been men of eminence, particularly Dr. Bernard, who 
u recommended by him to Archbishop Usher, who appointed 
m his chaplain. The s.9iiie . t)ersQn became afterward a dean. 
Lackerby, in conformity to the practice of the ancient Peripa- 
tics, would frequently walk abroad with his scholars, and in- 
met them in natural and divine knowledge. Though he was 
capable of holding a benefice, on account of his inflexible non- 
►nformity, he took every occasion of preaching and exhorting ; 
Ld such was his preaching, says the author of his Life, ^' that 

must be yielded to, or fled from,' or fought against." He 
^e acknowledged to some of his intimate friends^ that he had 
Bson to believe '^ that God had' made him a spiritual father to 
K>ve two thousand persons." The same author, who appears to 
fcve been abundantly credulous, informs us, that the visible ven- 
»ance of heaven fell upon his persecutors. He says that his 
^<ams were. holy, and that "when he awaked in the night, he was 
"cr in meditation or prayer; that he would oft, at midnight, 
i^e Greek, Latin, or English verses, exalting the praise of God, 
^ attributes, the acts of Christ, the graces of his Spirit, or the 
by and give them in the morning to his scholars;" that he kept 




BIOORAPHIOAL HISTORY 



three diarieB or his life, one in Greek, uiothet in Latin, tnd t 
third in English; aad that, "for the impartiality, constancy, wi 
sweetness of holiness, very few have come near him, and none, 
since the primitive times, did excel him," Ob. 1648. See a more 
particular account of him iu Clarke's " Lives," folio, 1683. 

THOMAS BROOKS; a small wood-cut. 
This person was author of "The Riches of Christ, or the Ttea- 
lure of heavenly Joys," to which ''e print is prefixed. 

EDMUNDUS GREGORIUS, Mat. 31, 1646. 

Edmund Gregory, who was some time a student at Trinity 
College, in Oxford, left the university afler he had taken one degree 
in arts. He was author of " The Historical Anatomy of ChrisdaQ 
Melancholy ;" and a " Meditation on Job ix +," printed in one 
volume octavo, to vhich is prefixed his head. As he is not ia . 
the habit of a clergyman of the church of England, it is probable I 
that he did not receive episcopal ordination.* I 



A SEPARATIST. 
WILLIAM AMES, D. D. &c. black silk cap, cloak, 
and ruff. W. Marshall sc. Frontisp. to his " Frtik 
Suit against CerEmoims ;"" 4to. 1633. 

William Amks ; four Latin verses; 4to. neat. 

William Ames, a learned independant divine, was educaud U 
Christ's College, in Cambridge, under the famous William PeAm 
He, in the late reign, left the university, and soon after the l:ing- 
dom, on account of nonconformity, and retired to the Hague. H* 
had not been long resident there, before he was invited lo gccepl 
of the divinity chair in the university of Franeker, in FriesW, 
which he filled with admirable abilities for above twelve yean. 
His fame was so great, that many came from remote nations lobe 
educated under him. His controversial writings, which compose 

• Tlii^ie » a head uf Francis de Neville engravEd bj Hollu in 1644; uiil UKllvt 
of Thoiuai AlCwood Rolfacrliaiu, &c. b; Minhali. The; tppeu to be puritaadi' 
vines, but I know no(hinj{ of them. 



OF EK.GLAND. 377 

tli6 ^ftter part of hk wcyrks^ are agdnst the Arminians, and Bel- 
hermine. His pieces relative to the sciences, seem to have been 
written for the tise of his pupils in the university. Towards the 
<Aoise of fais life, he removed to Rotterdam, where he died of an 
asthma, in Nov. 1633.* As he left the church and kingdom, and 
was much better known abroad than at home, I have not placed 
bitn with the doctors of the established church. 



A SCOTCH DIVINE, &c. 

ALEXANDER HENDERSONUS. Hollar / 
1641 ; 4to. in an aval, sLv English verses. 

Alexander Hend£rson ; 12/wo. 

Alexander Henderson ; inscribed Mr. Hender- 
soriy a reverend divine of Scotland. 

Alexander Henderson; six English verses^ " If 
thou wQuldst k$um)^* ^q. by W. Marshall^ small quarto; 
scarce. 

Alexander Henderson, the chief of the Scottisli cler^ in liiis 
reign, was learned, eloquent, and polite ; and perfectly versed in 
the knowledge of mankind. He was at the belm of affairs in the 
general assemblies in Scotland ; and was sent into England in the 
double capacity of a divine and plenipotentiary. He knew how to 
rouse the people to war, or negotiate a peace. Whenever he 
preached, it was tp a crowded audience ; and when he pleaded or 

* The following particalau, which were communicated to me hy a very learned 
and ^ingenious gentleman in my neiglibourhood, are not in the article of Ames in 
ihie " BiogTEiphia Britaniiica ^ *' The Leetiones in Fsahoos Davidis of tiiis auflier» 
were i»iiifted -at AmtterdMn Ja 16S5, mmH dedicated hj Hogh Peters te the imjs^ 
tncj of IHetlerdam." 1a ^' An Htstpiioal and tMfioal Acoofuitiif Hq^ Petea^," 
fjaoA. 1751r<un octavo .pamphlet, is a qaotation from a piece of his* in these words: 
'* Learned Amesius breatlied his last breath into my bosom, who left his professor- 
■hip in Friesland to lire with me, because of my church's independency at Rotter- 
dMi. He was my colleague, and chosen brother to the church, where I was an un- 
worthy pastor." 



378 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

argued, he was regarded with mute attention. He preached mBay 
6. sermonB, and was ronccmed in several treatises. Charles I. wha 
he was at Newcastle, in the hands of the army, engaged in a reli- 
gious dispute with him. in which he had clearly the advantage. 
Henderson, who had been accustomed to conquer, could not sop- 
port the thought of being overcome. The disgrace was supposed 
to have hastened his death.* He is said, before he died, to ban 
expressed some remorse for the part he acted against the king. 

THOMAS MAUROIS, Cantuariee natus ; functus 
minist. verbi Dei per annos XXXV. in eccles. Callo- 
beig. Amst. defunctus V. Aug. 1046, JEt. 02; ra/, 
Sgc. D. Boudingkeen p. A.Coiiradusfol. 

Thomas Maurois. D. Boudringheen. A. Matlum 
sc.fol. 

WILLIAM FORBES, first bishop of Edinburgh, 
8t!o. in Pinkcrton's " Iconographia Scntica." 

While the English possessed I.othian for a short time, in Ih* 
seventh century, there was a bishopric of Abercorn. The province 
exposed to hostile inroads, was afterward ruled by the metropolitaa 
see of St. Andrews, which appointed an archdeacon of Lotbian, 
till Charles 1. in 1 633, created the bishopric of Edinburgh. 

William Forbes, a native of Aberdeen, and principal of the 
Marischal College there, was nominated bishop on the 26tb of 
January, 1634 ; but he only survived his appointment about two 
months, dying on the 1st of April that year. He was succeeded 
by David Lindsay, who was exposed to the fury of the populace 
on account of the new liturgy; and was deposed in 1638. 

Of Bishop Forbes, Keith gives the following character ; " A per- 
son he was endued most eminently with all Christian virtues, in- 
somuch that a very worthy man, Robert Burnet, lord Crimond, a 
judge of the session, said of our prelate, thai he never saw him but 
he thought his heart was in heaven ; and that he was never alone 

• " Vila Ju. Barnick, p. 563. 



, OF ENGLAND. 379 

with him /but he felt wiQiin himself a commentary on those words 
of* the apostle/^ Did not our heairts burn within us, while he yet 
Udked wkh us/ and opened to us the Scriptures ?'*'' During the 
time he was principal at Aberdeen, he had interspersed several 
things among his academical prelections, tending to create peace 
among the contending parties of Christianity ; some notes whereof 
were published, about twenty years after his death, under the title 
of Cotuiderationes Modestce et Pacificce, &c. 

ZACHARIAH BOYD, minister at Glasgow ; /row 
a picture in the college there. Trotter sc. 8vo. 

Zachariah Boyd was minister of the barony church of Glas- 
gow, and bequeathed 20,0O0Z. Scottish money (about 1600Z. ster- 
ling), to the university there. In gratitude his bust was erected 
in marble, with an inscription commemorating the donation of that 
siiin, and of his library. 

His translation of the Scripture, in such uncouth verse as to 
amount to burlesque, has been often quoted ; and the just fame of 
a benefactor to learning has been obscured by that cloud of miser- 
able rhymes. Candour will smile at the foible, but applaud the 
man. 

Macure, in his account of Glasgow, p. 223, informs us he' lived 
in the reign of Charles the First. 



PRIESTS OF THE CHURCH OF ROME. 

FATHER PHILIPS, confessor to Henrietta 
Maria, queen of Charles I. wood-cut , prefixed to his 
Impeachment y 4to. 1640. 

Father Philips; in an oval neatly etched, Svo. 

This bigoted and enthusiastic priest was confessor to Henrietta 
Maria, queen of King Charles I. and directed that misguided 
princess to those steps that brought her unfortunate husband to his 
unhappy end. On One occasion. Philips had the audacity, by way 
of penance, to enjoin the queen to offer up prayers on her knees 
under the gallows at Tyburn, where mcmy catholic priests had 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

r lives for popery in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 

ince coming to the knowledge of the king, he banished 

I loin the whole of her foreign servants. Philips vu 

M the people, that he wa« impeached m an evil cmiB. 

— ., ^ escape the impending storm, pnideatly withdrew hiiD- 

ing the exile of the royal family in France, Henrietta Mam, 

inference with Mr. Hyde (afterward earl of Clarendon) oi 

ic of religion, expressed a great sense of the loss she bad 

ed by the death of her old confessor, father Philips; who, 

^d, " was a prudent and discreet man ; and would atia 

suiter ber to be pressed to any passionate undertakings, under pre* 

lence of doing good for Catholics ; and always told her, thataa At 

ought to continue firm and constant to her own religion, so she mt 

to live well towards the Protestants, who deserved well from bei^ 

and to whom she was beholden." — T iis would have been excellest 

advice had it been given in time, to | >revent the mischief she occft- 

aioned ; but it only came when in her power to do no more. 



Vera effigies reverend! patris AUGUSTINI 
BAKER; 12mn. This print is uncommon. 

There is a/so a whole length of him, in octavo, withod 
the engraver's name, in the manner of Faithorne. 

AuGUSTivE Baker. Jac. Neef's sc. two English 
verses, " I nothini^ am," S;c. rare. 

David Baker, an English Benedictine monk, of whom Mr. 
Wood has given us a very circumslaatial account, and particular!; 
of his miraculous conversion from Atheism to Christianity, was edu- 
cated, at Brondgate's Hall,* in the university of Oxford. He 
afterward studied at the Temple, where his excellent natural abi- 
lities enabled him, in a short time, to make a great proficiency in 
the law. Soon after his conversion, he went to Italy, where he 
entered into the order of St. Benedict, having changed his nanic 
from Uavid to Augustin. He waB, in the late reign, a considerable 

' Now Pembrulii: College. 



GF ENGLAND. 181 

I mident in England, in the quility of a laiflBiiHUjy : hat ad 
Hm mbcBNgwen to retireinsiit and stetraotioDt ha 9v«i, ^rnqm^ 
L» bredffan, tbouglit a very m^Wfer f^wQa lor tha); emplbyf 
t« He was, far sevanii yearn, ihe spinlwal dkseptor x)f like Bag* 
Beaediotbie Dames at Cambray, aad afterward thdr eopfes- 
He spent tto latter part of his life in London, wher^ he died 
641. He is sud to have been moc^ enpioyed in mental ^ayer4 
ms andior of seirecal books relaiting to the/^^ExereiB^ io<f4| 
itilfi Life/' He wrote an exposiftioa of ^e famous myslicid 
k, entitled, " Scala Perfectionis," by Walter Hilton. These, 
the rest of his works, which are extant, are, as Mr. Wood tells 
••conserved in nine large tomes in fplio MSS. in the monastery 
English Benedictine' Nuns at Cambray.'* fie made large cdl- 
ions for an Ecclesiastical Histoi^ of England, and o^ier subjects 
ntiquity, in which he was assisted by the most eminent of our 
quaries. But these, which were ia^ix folio volumes^ .are lost; 
re also three lar^e voluiqes of his translatipns of the works of 
>iritual Authors.^ None of his books were evjer printe4; l>vi 
jbOressy, in his "Ghurph History of Britanny,'' and otjhi^ 
ifers, have been much indebted to him. 

RICHARD GAilPENTER, M.m. W. Marskati 
1564! • Jbttke npper jfcM trf the jfrint, he i^ repret- 
tid Itneelitjg iefore the pope ; just bejow^ is this in* 
ifition: ** Mit0 tein 4^^W???» fl^jmcmdof XMhoii- 
, et hcereticos reducendos'^ Frontispiece to his " Ex- 
•ia^fe Jfistory^ find JUva^^'' in ^ve ifoakf, l$i42 ; 
9. The same book was r^j^li^ed inl&^%^7id!^J§$e 
^s of ** The Downfall of Antichrist," and dedicated to 
ipBrli/mmL Therei&Mfine head /jf Mm by Faith&mey 
ler the dedication of his Sermon on Genesis, i. 14, 
fitfcd^ "^^ Astrology proved kamHesSy useful^ pious T 
9. 1657; and another, before Ms comedy of ^* 7%e 
qgnf^tifiifi^^fei^it:' 

Richard Carpenter was, ^bo^t three years, a jscjtiolar tof B^g's 
»1fe^, in Cam1[>lndge, and studied afterward m;]E)a]MloB|y.AiloiB, 
ance, Spain, and Italy. He was ssiri^ijlltp Vg^luai^ 'i^% f<fpt 

TOL. II. 3d 



\ 



I • 

4 

\ ■ 



A 



! 



1^' 






384 BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

In the reign of Charles 1. he was apprehended npOB the ielvf 
oaalion of one of liis own flock, whom he refused to many loUi 
first cousin. He was tried and found ^iliyupoa two indictmnli, 
one ef which related to his aacerdotal character, mmi the a&etta 
hi* making proselytes of the king's subjects. It has beee i«i, 
that be entered into the Society of Jeans a few days btime 1m 
enecution,* whieh was on the 28th of August, 1628. 

" Vera effigies R"'. P. AMBROSTI BARLO, 
presbyteri, et monarchi congregationis Anglicans, 
ordinis S". Benedicti, qui pro Christifide, Banguinem 
fudit LancastrisB, in Anglia, 10 Septembris, I64I, 
^.65." in \Smo. 

Ambrose Barlow, who was also a native of Lancashire, mi a 
Benedictine monk, was a tniaaionary here in the reign of Cbarksl. 
Dod tells us that there is a manuscript account of him by odc of 
his domestics, which " describes hb way of life, which, in ill res- 
pects, was primitive and apostolic." He suffered death for his aC' 
tirity and diligence in his priestly character. 

Joannes Baptista, alias BULLAKER, Ordinis 
F. F. Minorum Recollectorum Provincife Ang:life; 
Martyrio coronatus 15 Oct. f 1642 ; small 4lo. copiei 
by W. Richardson. 

Tliomas Bullaker, who was born at Chichester, entered into 
the order of St. Francis, in Spain, where he finished his studies. 
He was about twelve years a zealous and industrious missionuy b 
England, where he often expressed a desire of suffering martyrdan 
for his religion. His wish was accomplished, according to Dod 
and others, on the I2th of October, 1642. He, upon his trial, 

■ Mud; of the Rooiiih clergy are laid to bate become Jesuils at (he appiDadm' 
death, nilh a vievi at sharing ibp joint itock of good norks which belonged idIIib' 
lociety, and therefurejuilgcci il an eXLillcnl order to die in. 

tN. IVla»n, called FnU^t-r AOfe], in his Hislory of the Fmnoiicans nbo verceie- 
ealed in England, enlillcd ■' Ctrtamen Srraphicum, jfe." Duaei, 1619, 4W. kji, UuI 
he luffried death an the 13th ofOclobei. In this book art pr'nti af BulUkcr, Hiali. 
Bell, Wi'adcach, and CoiBioH, tcho are all miatiantd tn ihfir jn-lftT pJoMi. 



TtiAUthtri 4y W^Birhardttm CatUt Strat.IaKxtkrFidi*- 



.r 
if 



■^TiiSs-L-iJS" 





(it mini aloriari nijt m Cru.ce. Gbi&-^. 



MtnA/.^ by (i>e-/Aim^''n.Y->ti.ff6u/iN-l/,J'ftanA 



OF BWGLAND. „ B9B 

wu rery ahoft, frankly owned himself to be a priest, Mid 
tbat he returned to England purposely to confiitn Catholics in thetr 
faith, and to reconcile others to it. 

THOMAS HOLLAND, Anglus Londini, 22 Dec. 
1642, a Puritanis suspensus et dissectus in quatuor 
Partes, e6 qu6d Sacerdos asset Eccliesise Romanae ; 
a small oval. 

Paulus a S. Magdalena, alias HEATH, Convent. 
F.F.Minonim Recoil. Anglorum, Duaci, Gaagrd.&c. 
^mallAto. 

R. P. F. Paulus, alias Heath ; in an oval; small Ato. 
W. Richardson. 

Henry HeatJi: was tK)ni at l^etertyorough, in Northamptonshire. 
He studied. alGimbTfdge, and afterward at Douay, where he foe- 
ctme a Ffancisoan. He was sent a missionary into England : knd 
soon after his landiog, was aipprehended, condemned, and executed, 
as one of that character. He suffered at Tyburn, the 27th of 
April, 1643. His head was placed on London-bridge, and his 
quarters on the c^ty-gates. 

FRANCIS BELL, a friar; a rope about his neck, 
and a knife in his breast ; executed 1643. 

R. P. F. Fkanci6Cus Bell ; in an aval; small Ato. 
W, Richardson. 

Francis Bell, who was born at Hanbury, near Worcester, was a 
member of the English college at Valladolid, in Spain. In 1618, 
he became a Franciscan. He was sent by the general of his order 
to Douay, to assist father John Gennings in his design of erecting 
a convent (^ theeame order in that place. He was twice chosen 
guardian of the convent. He was also provincial of the English 
itnd Scottish Franciscans. In 1643, he was -apprehended, con- 



366 BIOGRAPHICAL mSTORY 

demned, and executed, for acting here in his ecclesiaabcal cbanc- 
ter. He suffered al Tjburn, on the 1 1th of December- it is said, 
that lie was master of seven languages. 

RODOLPHUS CORBIE, Societatis Jesu ab 
Heereticis pro Fide suspensus et dissectus, Loodini, 
2 Sept. 1644 ; a small oval. 

THOMAS COLMAN.a/riar. He diedin prim, 
1644. 

He is, in the •'Certamen Serapiicvm," called Walter Colmani 
and is said to have been of the Franciscan order, and a missiDirarj 
in Eogland, and to have been condemned to die, bat was repneve^ 
by the favour of the king;. 

HENRICUS MORSE, Soc. Jesu pro Fide sus- 
pensus et dissectus, Londini, 1 Feb. 1646 j a mall 
oval. This print, and those of Holland and Corbie, art 
in the " Certamen triplex a tribus Soc. Jesu es Pro- 

vijicia Atiglicami .Sacerdoti/ius," &;c. Antv. 1645. 

Hksry Morse; small folio. 

POWEL, alias MORGAN, of the order of St. Be- 
nedict ; executed at Tyburn, Junethe 30tk, 1646, inthe 
Jifiy-second ijear of his age ; \2mo. 

PoM'EL, alias Morgan. J. Bei~ry sc. 

Philip Powel, who was amissionaTy in England, was condemDeil 
to die on account of his character, and was, aa Dod inrormsv!, 
executed the '20th of July, 1646.* 

MARTINUS WOODCOCKE, ex Convent. 
F. F. Minorum Recollcctorum, Anglorum, Duaci, 



•' Church Hiatorv, 




Eofliri* Ktno.S ut 



-PuILcc ,0/mjWiJuir,/fi,rJ^.,-k3>-fc3krb 




k' wits tiitiii cerrifenint Jti jjf/fr'ai 



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ItJKAKILb. ST, 


At^FOHO UNtWtlf'^t 


'• LIBKAl 




RSITY LIBRARIES 


STANFORD uN,>/ERs,n 




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