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A BIOGEAPmCAL INDEX 



OP 



BBITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS. 



{ 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



OF 



BEITI8H AND IEI8H BOTANISTS 



C0MI»ILED BY 



JAMES BEITTEN, F.L.S. 

SENIOB ASSISTANT, DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY, BRITISH MUSEUM 



AKD 



G. S. BOULGEE, F.L.S., F. G. S. 

PROFESSOR OP BOTANY, CITY OF LONDON COLLEGE 



LONDON 

WEST, NEWMAN & CO 

54 HATTON GARDEN 
1893 



LONDON 
FBINTED BT WEST, NBWMAN AND CO 
HATTON GARDEN 



\ 



k 






PBEFACE. 

A FEW words of explanation as to the object and scope of this 
Index may fitly appear as an introduction to the work. 

It is intended mainly as a guide to further information, and 
not as a bibUography or biography. We have been liberal in 
including all who have in any way contributed to the literature 
of Botany, who have made scientific collections of plants, or have 
otherwise assisted directly in the progress of Botany, exclusive 
of pure Horticulture. We have not, as a rule, included those 
who were merely patrons of workers, or those known only as 
contributing small details to a local Flora. 

Where known, the name is followed by the years of birth, and 
death, which, when uncertain, are marked with a ? or c. {circa) ; 
or merely approximate dates of ** flourishing ** are given... Then 
follows the place and day of birth and death, and the place of 
burial ; a brief indication of social position or occupation, espe- 
cially in the cases of artisan botaAistsf and of professional 
collectors; chief university degrees, or other titles or ofl&ces^held, 
and dates of election to the linnean and Eoyal Societies. A 
reference is then generally made to some botanical work or .works 
justifying the inclusion of the name in the list, and terse encomia 
by eminent botanists are occasionally quoted. The present where- 
abouts of correspondence or MSB,, and the existence of any 
herbarium or of plants collected, are next noted. Eeference is 
then given to the chief sources of further information. Here, 
Pulteney's * Sketches of the Progress of Botany * (1790), Bees' 
Cyclopaedia (1819-20), in which many of the biographies were 
written by Sir J. E. Smith, Pritzel's* Thesaurus literatur© 
Botanic?B * . (1872), Jackson's 'Guide to Literature of Botany' 
(1881), apd tjie Eoyal Society's Catalogue of Scientific Papers 
(vols, i.-ix.), are first quoted.; then the fullest known record is 
given; and, lastly, a reference to the * Dictionary of Na^tional 
Biography * (vols, i.-xxxiii.), so far as issued to the end of 1892. 
Mention is then made of any portrait, original or engraved, of any 
genus dedicated to the botanist in question, or, failing any such 



4003"^^ 



Yl PBEFAOB. 

genus, of a species. Where a name occurs on many pages of Mr. 
Jackson's work, our reference is to the index of that work. 

Although our information is largely derived from printed 
sources, it is also the result of private letters of inquiry; and 
where we differ from the various published biographies, it by no 
means indicates that we have not consulted them, or that we are 
necessarily wrong. 

Most of our abbreviations are so generally used as to require no 
explanation, though we are conscious that, in this and in other 
points, we have not always followed a uniform usage. PL for 
plants, Fl. for Flora, and Herb, for Herbarium need no glossary. 

The work originated in the want felt by the compilers of some 
reference-list of byegone workers in Botany. After several years 
of preparation, we thought it sufficiently advanced for publication 
at the beginning of 1888, and from that date down to the end of 
1891 it appeared almost continuously month by month In the 
Journal of Botany (vols, xxvi.-xxix.). During its appearance we 
received many gratifying letters of approval and encouragement 
from botanists of eminence in all parts of the world, and much 
valuable supplementary information. No one can be more fully 
aware than we are of the numerous imperfections in our records. 
Such a work must of necessity contain errors both of commission 
and of omission, and few who consult it can form an adequate 
opinion of the labour involved in collecting information which, 
when set down, may appear of the most meagre character. Our 
plan somewhat extended itself as the serial issue of our work 
proceeded, and this, coupled with such corrections as reached 'Us, 
has necessitated a more complete re-editing of the entire Index 
than we anticipated. This has occupied us for more than a year, 
and enabled us to bring down our record to the end of 1892. 
The extent of this revision may be gauged from the facta that, 
whereas the issue in the Journal of Botany comprised 1^619 
names, occupying 148 pages, an average of over ten names to the 
page, in its present form our little book contains 1,825 nameis, 
and occupies 188 pages, an average of less than ten nsmes to 
the page. 

The following is a list, with abbreviated titles, of ^ob efaief 
sources of information which are quoted by some abforeviatiofi. 
It probably does not include a tithe of the works actually eon- 
suited, many of which are referred to under titles so Ktfcle 
shortened as to require no explanation. 

e7«fM5 1,-1898. 



i 



vu 



LIST OF THE CHIEF BOOKS AND OTHEB 
SOUBCES CONSULTED AND QUOTED. 

Addit. MS, * Additional Manuscripts added to the Biitish 

Museum since the publication of Ayscough's Catalogue in 

1782. 
AlUbone. Critical Dictionary of EngKsh Literature, by 8. A. 

AUibone, 1859-71. 
Almagest, {See Pluk. Almagest.) 
Alumn, Oxon, * Alumni Oxonienses/ by Joseph Poster, ' Early 

Series,' 1500-1714, in four vols. ; and * 1715-1886,* in four 

vols., 1887-8. 
Amer, Joum. Sci. * American Journal of Science and Arts,* 1819- 

1892. 
Andr. Bot, Bep. * Botanists' Eepository,* edited by H. 0. 

Andrews, 1797-1814, 10 volp. 
Ann. <& Mag, * Annals and Magazine of Natural History,* 

1841-92. 
Ann, Bot, ' Annals of Botany,' edited by C. Konig and J. Sims, 

London, 2 vols., 1805-6; and * Annals of Botany,' edited by 

I. B. Balfour and others, Oxford, 1887-92. 

* Annual Monitor, or Obituary of the Society of Friends,' 1813-67. 
Appleton, or Appleton's Cyclopcsd, Americ. Biog, 'Appleton's 

Cyclopaedia of American Biography,' 6 vols., 1887-89. 

* AthencBum,* London, 1828-92. 

Ath. Oxon, or Ath. Ox. 'AthenaB Oxonienses,* by Anthony Ji 

Wood, edited by P. BUss, 1813-20, in 4 vols. 
Bab, FL Cambr. * Flora of Cambridgeshire,* by C. 0. Babington, 

1860. 
Baillon, * Dictionnaire de Botanique,' by Henri Baillon, Paris, 

1876-92. 
Baxter, Brit, Phcenog, Bot, * British Phaenogamous Botany,' by 

William Baxter, 6 vols., 1834-43. 
Biog, Britann, * Biographia Britannica,* 6 vols., London, 1747- 

66. ' 

Biog. Brit. Literar, ' Biographia Britannica Literaria,' by 

Thomas Wright, F.S.A.,-1842. 
Biog, Univ, * Biographic Universelle,' Paris, 1811-29, 52 vols. 
Birds of Essex, ' The Birds of Essex,' by Miller Christy, 1890.. 
BlumeFl, Jav, 'Flora Javae,' by K. L. Blujme, 1828-49 and 

1858-62. 
Boase. * Modem English Biography,' by F. Boase, vol. i. (A-!&), 

1892. 



Vlll LIST OP AUTHORITIES QUOTED. 

Bot. Biol. Gentr. Amer. * Biologia Central!- Americana * (Botany), 

by W. B. Hemsley, 1879-88. 
Bot, Challenger, * Eeport on the scientific results of the Voyage 

of H.M.S. Challenger : Botany/ 1885-6, 2 vols. 
Bot. Chronicle. * The Botanist's Chronicle,' edited by Alex. 

Irvine, Londonj 1868-5. 
Bot. Dejpt. The Botanical Department of the British Museum 

(Natural History). 
Bot. E. Bord. * Botany of the Eastern Borders,* by George 

Johnston, 1853. 
Bot: Gazette. * The Botanical Gazette,"* edited by A. Henfrey, 

London, 8 vols., 1849-51. 
r Bot. Guide. *The Botanist's Guide through fingland add Wales,' 

by Dawson Turner and Lewis Weston Dillwyn, London, 2 

vols., 1805. 
'Bot. Herald.* Botany of the Voyage of the Emerald, by B. 

Seemann, 1852-7. • . 

Bot. Misc. ' Botanical Miscellany,' 1830-33, edited by W. J. 

Hooker. 
. Bot. Mag. ' The Botanical Magazine,' London, 1787-1892. 

Bot. Beg. * The Botanical Eegister,' 1815-47. 
^ Brit. Alg. ' Manual of British AlgsB,' by W. H. Harvey, 1841. 
Bryan. 'Dictionary of Painters and Engravers,' by Michael 

Bryan, edited by H. Ottley, 1866. 
Bull. Soc. Bot. France. 'Bulletin de la Soci6t6 Botanique de 

France,' 1854-92. 
'Buxton Bot. Guide. * Botanical Guide to Manchester,' byEichard 

Buxton, 1849. , 
Cash. * Where there's a Will there's a Way,' by James Cash, 

1873. 
^ Chalmers. * General Biographical Dictionary,' revised by Alex- 
* ander Chalmers, 1812-17, 32 vols. 

Collins, ' N.S. Wales.* * New South Wales,' by David Collins, 

2nd ed., 1804. 
Comp. Bot. Mag. * Companion to the Botanical Magazine,' by 

W. J. Hooker, 2 vols, 1835-6. 
.Cooper, Athen. Cantab. *Athen8B Cantabrigienses,' by C. H. 

Cooper, ^ vols., 1858-61. 
Cot. Gard. *The Cottage Gardener,' 1849-60 (continued as 

* Journal of Horticulture '). 
Cyb. Sib. * Cybele Hibemica,' by D. Moore and A. G. More, 1866. 
Ddvies, Welsh Bot. * Welsh Botanology,' by Eev. Hugh Davies, 
^ 1813. 
DC. Syst. * Eegni Vegetabilis Systema,' by A. P. de Candolle, 

2 vols., 1818-21. 
^Dict. Nat. Biog. * Dictionary of National Biography,' edited by 

Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, vols, i.-xxxiii., London, 

1885-92. 
'^Donaldson's Agric. Biog. * Agricultural Biography,' by John 

Donaldson, 1854. 
Drgike, Diet. Amer. Biog. * Dictionary of American Biography,* 

Boston, 1872. '^ 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES QUOTED. JX 

Dryand, or JDryander. * Catalogus Bibliothecse Historico-naturalis 

Joseph! Banks/ by Jonas Dryander, 1798-1800, 5 vols. 
E,B., E, BoL, or Eng, Bot, * English Botany/ by James Edward 
Smith, M.D. ; the figures by James Sowerby, 36 vols., 1790- 
, 1814. 
E. B. S. * Supplement to English Botany/ London, 5 vols., 

1831-63. 
EllioU, Bot. XjO/rolina, * Botany of South Carolina,* by S. Elliott, 

1821-4, 2 vols. 
Encyc. Brit. * Encyclopaedia Britannica,' 9th edition, 24 vols., 

1876-88. 
EncycL Gard. * An Encyclopaedia of Gardening,' by J. C. Lou- 
don, 1850. ' . 
Essex Naturalist. ' *The Essex Naturalist,' 1887-92. 
Exot. Flora. {See Hook, Exot. FL) 
Faulkner, Chelsea. * Historical and Topographical Description of 

Chelsea,* by Thomas Faulkner, 2nd edition, 2 vols., 1829. 
Felton. * Portraits of English Authors on Gardening,' by Samuel 

Felton, 2nd edition, London, 1830. 
FL Austral. 'Flora Australiensis,' by G. Bentham, 1863-78. 
Fl. Bor. Amer. ' Flora Borealis Americana,' by Sir W. J. 

Hooker, 2 vols,, 1840. 
' Fl. Dors. * Flora of Dorsetshire,' by J. C. Mansel-Pleydell, 

1874. 
Fl. Essex. * The Flora of Essex,' by George Stacey Gibson, 1862. 
Fl. Heref. * Flora of Herefordshire,' by Rev. W. H. Purchas and 

A. Ley, 1889. 
Fl. Hongkong. * Flora Hongkongensis,' by George Bentham, 
5 London, 1861. 
Fl. Indica. * Flora Indica,' by J. D. Hooker and T. Thomson, 

1855. 
Fl. Leic. * Flora of Leicestershire,' by Leicester Lit. and Phil. 

Soc, 1886. . ^ 

'Fl. Midd. 'Flora of Middlesex,' by H. Trimen and W. T. T. 
Dyer, Londion, 1869. An interleaved copy with MS. notes, 
in the BotanicalDepartment of the British Museum (Natural 
History) is occasionally referred to. 
Fl. Plym. ' Flora of Plymouth,' by T. R. Archer Briggs, 1880. 
, FL Tasm. * Flora Tasmaniae/ by Sir J. D. Hooker, 1860. 
FL Trop. Af. * Flora t>f Tropical Africa,' edited by D. Oliver, 
3 vols., 186a-77. .... 

FL Warwicksh. 'Flora of Warwickshire,' by J. E, Bagnall, 

1891. 
'Floral Cabinet. ' * The Floral Cabinet,' edited by G. B. KuQwles, 

&c., 3 vols., 1837-40. 
Forster, Gen., or Forst., Gen., * Charaoteris generum Plantarum, 

^.\. . ' by J. B. and J. G. A. Forster, 1775. 
'Friend, Hist. Physic. ' History of Physick,* fey John Friend, 

2 vols., 1727. 
Friends' Books. * Catalogue of Friends' Books,' by Joseph Smith, 

London,. 1867, 2 vols. 
(xard. Chron, * The Gardeiierd' Chronicle,' London, 1841-92. 



X LIST OF AUTHOBITIES QUOTED. 

Garth's * Dispensary.' ' The Dispensaiy/ a poem by Samuel 

Garth, 1699 ; and * A compleat Key to the Dispensary,* 1726. 
Gent, Mag, * The Gentleman's Magazine,* London, 1731-92.. 
Geol, Mag, * The Geological Magazine,* London^ 1864-92. 
Ger, emac, ' The Herball, ... by John Gerard, enlarged and 

amended by Thomas Johnson,* London, 1633, foL, termed by 

Bay * Gerard emaculatus.' 
Gillow, Diet. Catholie Biog., or Diet. Eng, Oath. ' Dictionary of 

the English Catholics,' by Joseph Gillow, London, 1885-87 

vols, i.-iii. 
Gorham. ' Memoirs of John and Thomas Martyn,' by G. G. 

Gorham, London, 1830. 
Granger. * Biographical History of England,' by Bev. James 

Granger, 6th edition, 6 vols., 1824. 
Greville, Algce Brit. * Algae Britannicee,* by E. K. Greville, 

Edinburgh, 1830. 
GvAlding. ' Account of St. Vincent Garden,* by Lansdown Guild- 

ing, Glasgow, 1826. 
Roller. * Bibliotheca Botanica,* 2 vols., 1771-2. 
Halle's Letters. ' Letters, Historical and Botanical,' by Hughes 

. E. P. Eraser Halle, 1861. 
Harv. Brit. Algce, * Manual of British Algae,' by W. H. Harvey, 

1841. 
Herbert and Dibdin's Ames. Typographical Antiquities, by 

Joseph Ames and William Herbert, edited by Eev. Thomas 

E. Dibdin, London, 1810-19, 4 vols. 
Herb. Mus. Brit, The Herbarium of the Botanical Department 

of the British Museum (Natural History). 
Hist. Berw. Field Club. * History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' 

Club,* 1834-91. 
Hoefer. * Nouvelle Biographie G6n6rale,' edited by Dr. J. C. F. 

Hoefer, 46 vols., 1862-66. 
Hook, Exot, Fl. 'Exotic Flora,* by Sir W. J. Hooker, 3. vols., 

1822-7. 
Hook. Fl. Scot. * Flora Scotica,' by Sir W. J. Hooker, 1821. 
Hook. Gen. Fil. * Genera Filicum,* by Sir W. J. Hooker, 

1838-42. 
How. * Phytologia Britannica,' by William How, 1660. 
H. S. Sloane Herbarium in the Botanical Department of the 

British Museum. 
Ic. PI. * Icones Plantarum,* 1837-92. 
Irish Flora, 1833 (anonymous, by Lady Kane). 
Jacks. 'Guide to the Literature of Botany,* by B. D. Jaekson, 

London, 1881. 
Johnson. 'History of English Gardening,* by George William 

Johnson, London, 1829. 
Johnston Corr. * Correspondence of George Johnston, M.D;,'-1892. 
Joum. Bot. 'The Journal of Botany,' 1834-92, including 

'Hooker's Journal of Botany,* 1834-42; 'The London 

Journal of Botany,* 1842-8; ' Hooker *s Journal of Botany 

and Kew Gardens Miscellany,* 1849-57;^ and 'The Journal 
• of Botany,' 1863-92. 



LIST 6F authorities quoted. XI 

Joum. Hort, * The Journal of Hotticulture,' London, 1860-92. 

Joum. B. 7. C, Journal of the Eoyal Institution of Cornwall. 

Lambert, ' Pinus/ * Description of the genus Pinus/ by A. B. 
Lambert, 2nd ed., 3 vols., 1828-37. 

Lasegue, *Mus6e botanique de M. B. Delessert,' by A. LasSgue, 
1845.* 

Leeds Worthies. * Biographia Leodiensis : or Biographical Sketches 
of the Worthies of Leeds,' by Eichard V. Taylor, 1865-67. 

Life of Darwin, * Life and Letters of Charles Darwin,' edited by 
Francis Darwin, 3 vols., 1887. 

Lindley, * Swan Eiver.' {See Appendix to * Bot. Eegister,* 1839.) 

Linn. Corr, * Correspondence of Linnaeus and other Naturalists/ 
edited by Sir J. E. Smith, London, 1821, 2 vols. 

Linn. Trans., or Trans. Linn. Soc. * Transactions of the Linnean 
Society,' London, 1791-1892. 

Lovd. Arboret., or Loydon, Arboretum. ' Arboretum et Fruticetum 
Britannicum,' by J. C. Loudon, London, 8 vols., 1838. 

Lotid. Gard. Mag., or Mag. Gard. ' Loudon's Gardener's Maga- 
zine,' 1826-43. 

Ma^. Nat. Hist. ' The Magazine of Natural History,' conducted 
by J. C. Loudon, London, 1829-36, in 9 vols., and * New 
Series,' conducted by E. Charlesworth, 1837-40, in 4 vols. 

Mag. Zool. Bot. ' Magazine of Zoology and Botany,' conducted 
by Sir W. Jardine, P. J. Selby, and Dr. George Johnston, 
1837-8, continued as * Annals of Natural History, or Maga- 
zine,' &c., 1838-40, in 5 vols. 

Martyn. * Plantae Cantabrigienses,' by Thomas Martyn, M.A., 
London, 1763. 

Martyn' s Virgil. 'Dissertations on the jSlneids of Virgil,' by 
John Martyn, with Memoir, 1770. 

Mem. Lit. Phil. Soc, Manchester. * Memoirs of the Literary and 
Philosophical Society of Manchester,' 1785-1892. 

* Memxynals of Bartram,' by W. Darlington, 1849. 

Mem. Wem.Soc. Memoirs of Wemerian Nat. Hist. Soc, 8 vols., 
1811-39. 

Men of Eminence. ' Portraits of Men of Eminence, with Bio- 
graphical Memoirs,' edited by Lovell Eeeve and Edward 
Walford, 6 vols, 1863-66. 

Merrett. ' Pinax Eerum Naturalium Britannicum,' by Christopher 
Merrett, 1666. 

Michaud. ' Biographic Universelle,' edited by L. G. Michaud, 45 
vols., 1843-65. 

Midi. Fl. ' Midland Flora,' by Thomas Purton, 1817-21. 

Miers, Trav. Chili. * Travels in Chile and La Plata,* by John 
Miers, 1826. 

Munh. *The EoU of the Eoyal College of Physicians,' by 
WiUiam Munk, M.D., F.S.A., 2nd edition, London, 1878, 
3 vols. 

Mm. Pet. * Museum Petiverianum,' London, 1692-1703. 

Naturalist. 'The Naturahst,' 5 vols., 1837-39, edited by B. 
Maund, W. Holl, and Neville Wood ; 8 vols., edited by 
B. E. and F. 0. Morris, 1851-58 ; 2 vols., 1864-66. 



XU . LIST OF AUTHOBITIBS QUOTEP. 

N.B,G, ' The New Botanists' Guide/ by H. C. Watson, London, 

. 2 vols., 1835-7. 
Nich. Anec, * Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century,' 

by John Nichols, F.S.A., 2nd edition, London, 1812-15, in 

9 vols. 
Nich. Illust. * Illustrations of the Literary History of the 

Eighteenth Century,' by John Nichols, F.S.A., London, 

1817-58, in 8 vols. 
Nichols* 'Illustr. to Granger/ 'Portraits Illustrating Granger's 

Biographical History,' 1792-9 ; and 1820. 
Pharm, Journ. * Pharmaceutical Journal,' London, 1842-92. 
Phil. Trans. The Philosophical Transactions ^of the Eoyal 

Society, 183 vols., 1665-1892. 
Phyc, Brit. * Phycolqgia Britannica,' by W. H. Harvey, 1846-51. 
Phyt. * The Phytologist,' London, 1842-63, 11 vols. 
Pluh. or Pluhenet Almi * Almagestum,' by Leonard Plukenet, 

1696. 
- Pluh. or Plukenet Amalth. * Amalthqum,' 1705. 
Pluk. or Plukenet Mant, ' Mantissa,' 1700. . 
Phik. or Plukenet Phyt. ' Phytographia,' 1691-6. 
Prite. ' Thesaurus LiteraturaB Botanicae,' by G. A. Pritzel, 2nd 

edition, Leipzig, 1872. [The first edition, of 1851, is occa- 
sionally referred toj 
.Pry or, Flora Herts. 'Flora of Hertfordshire,' by A. E. Pryor, 

1887. 
Pult. * Historical and Biographical Sketches of the Progress of 
. ;3otany in England,' by Eichard Pulteney, M.D., F.E.S., 

London, 2 vols., 1790. 
Pufsh, Flora, or Pursh, Flora Am. Sept. * Flora AmericsB Sep- 

tentrionalis,' by F. Pur8h,J814. 
Qtta/rt. Journ. Geol. Soc. * Qujtrterly. Journal of the Geological 

^Society,' London, 1845-92. 
Bay Corr. or Bay Lett. * Correspondence of John Bay,' edited by 

Edwin Lankegter,. London, 1848. 

Bay Mem. ' Memorials of John Eay,* edited by Edwin Lan- 

; kester, London, 1846. • : 

Bees. .'Eees' CyclppsBdia,' London, 1819-20, in which most of 

the botanical matter and biographies of botanists are by 

Sir J. E. Smith. 
BicTi. Corr. 'Extracts from the Literary and Scientific Corre- 
spondence of Eichard^Eichardson, M.P., F.E.S., Yarmouth, 

1835, edited by Dawson Turner. 
Bose. .'Biographical Dictionary,' by Eev. H. J, Eose, .B.D., 

; London, 1857, in 12 vols. 
B.S.C. 'Catalogue of Scientific Papers' (1800-83), compiled 

and published by the Eoyal Society,, London, 1867-91, in 

^9 vols. . _ - 

B. Syn. ' Synopsis Methodica stirpium Brittannicarum,* by John 

Eay, London, 1690, ed. ii., 1696 ; ed. iii., 1724.^ 
JRu^e, PI. Guian. 'Plantarum GuiansB Icones,' by,E, Eudge, 
X 1805-7, . . ... . , 

Bumphia. . By K. -L, Blume,.Li^gQ^ 183.&-r6, .U .ypIs* . ,. J . 



LIST OF AUTHOEITIES QUOTED. XIU 

Salish, Gen, 'Genera of Plants,' by E. A. Salisbury, edited by 

J. E, Gray, 1866. 
Salisbury Parad, Lond, 'Paradisus Londinensis,' by E. A. 

SaUsbury, 1805-8. 
Scott, Nat, ' The Scottish Naturalist,' 1871-92. 
Semple, ' Memoirs of the Botanic Garden at Chelsea,' by H. . 

Field, revised and continued by E. H. Semple, London, 

1878. 
Short, Western Botany, 'Progress of Botany in Western 

America,' by C. W. Short, 1836. 
Shane, Jamaica, 'Natural History of Jamaica,' by Sir Hans 

Sloane, 1707-25. 
Smith Corr, or Smith Lett, ' Memoir and Correspondence of 

Sir J. E. Smith,' by Lady Smith, London, 2 vols., 1832. 
Smith, Kew, ' Eecords of the Eoyal Botanic Gardens, Kew ' (by 

John Smith, ex-curator), 1880. 
StacJchouse, Nereis, ' Nereis Britannica,* by John Stackhouse, 

1795-1801. 
Stat, Ace, Scotl, ' Statistical Account of Scotland,' by Sir John 

Sinclair, 21 vols., 1791-9; and 'The New Statistical 

Account,' 15 vols., 1845. 
Stewart & Gorry, ' Flora of the North-East of Ireland,' by S. A. 

Stewart and T. H, Corry, 1888. 
Swa/rtz, Fl, Ind, Occ. 'Flora Indise Occidentalis,' by 0. Swartz, 

1747-1806. 
Sweet, Fl, Garden. ' British Flower Garden,' by Eobert Sweet, 

1822-31. 
Syn, Harvey's ' Synopsis of AlgSB,' 1857. 
Tanner or Tanner, BibL Brit.-Hib, * Bibliotheca Britannico- 

Hibemica,' London, 1744. 
Theatr, 'Theatrum Botanicum,' by John Parkinson, London, 

1640. 
Threlkeld, Syn, Stirp, Hibem, ' Synopsis stirpium Hibernicum, 

by Eev. Caleb Threlkeld, 1727. 
Thwaites, Enum, PI, Zeyl, * Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylanise,' 

by G. H. K. Thwaites, 1858-64. 
Timehri, being the Journal of the Eoyal Agricultural Society of 

British Guiana, 1882-92. 
Top, Bot, ' Topographical Botany,* by H. C Watson, 2nd 

edition, London, 1883. 
Torr, & Gray, Fl, N, Amer, ' Flora of North America,' by 

J. Torrey and A. Gray, 1838-43. 
Trans, Bot, Soc, Ed. ' Transactions of the Botanical Society of 

Edinburgh,' 1844-92. 
Trans, Essex Field Club, 'Transactions of the Essex Field 

Club,' vols, i.-iv., 1880-86 (continued as 'The Essex 

Naturalist '). 
Trans, Hort, Soc, 'Transactions of the Horticultural Society,' 

10 vols., 1820-48. 
Trans, Med, Bot, Lond, 'Transactions of Medico-Botanical 

Society of London,' 1828-37. 
Turn, Fuci. ' Fuci,' by Dawson Turner, 1808-19. 



XIV LIST OF AUTHOBITIES QUOTED. 

Vajpereau, ' Dictionnaire Universel des Contemporains,* by G. 

Vapereau, 5th edition, 1880-81. 
Ventenaty Jard, Malm. * Jardin de la Malmaison/ by. E. P. 

Ventenat, 2 vols., 1803. 
Wadd, NugcB Chirurg, * Nugaa ChimrgicsB,' by William Wadd, 

1824. 
Wall. List, or Wallich List. 'List of Specimens of Indian 

Plants,* by N. Wallich (lithographed), 1828. 
Wall. PI. Asiat. or Wall. PI. Asiat. Bar. ' PlantsB Asiaticae 

Eariores,' by N. WalUch, 1830-32. 
Waljp. Ann. * Annales Botanices Systematis," by G. G. Walpers 

and C. MueUer, 7 vols., 1848-68. 
Watt. * Bibliotheca Britannica,' by Eobert Watt, 4 vols., 1824. 
Weston. * Catalogue of English Authors on Agriculture, Botany, 

&c.,' by Eichard Weston, 2nd edition, London, 1773. 
West Yorkshire. ' Flora of West Yorkshire,' by E. A. Lees, 1888. 
Wight & Am. Prod. Fl. Ind., or Wight .Prodr. 'Prodromus 

FlorsB PeninsulaB IndisB OrientaUs,' by E. Wight and G. A. 

W. Arnott, 1834. 
Wight, Ic. * Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis,' by Eobert 

Wight, 6 vols., 1840-53. 
Winch, Bot. Guide. ' Botanical Guide to Northumberland and 

Durham,' by N. J. Winch, 1807. 
Wood, Fasti. {See Ath. Ox.) 
Wood's Naturalist. {See Naturalist.) 
Woolls, or Woolls, Bot. Discov. in Austr. * Progress of Botanical 

Discovery in Australia,' by W. Woolls, Sydney, 1869. 



XV 



ADDENDA AND COERIGENDA. 

Page 4, before Amherst^ Lady^ insert — 

Amherst^ Countess (Saeah), {nSe Thynne) (d. 1838): d. 
27 May, 1838 ; m. 1, Other, 5th Earl of Plymouth ; 2, 
William, 2nd Baron (afterwards 1st Earl) Amherst, 1800. 
Travelled and collected in India, 1823-8. Wall. PI. Asiat. 
Ear. i. 1. Amherstia Wall. 

Page 4, before Anderson^ George^ insert — 

Anderson, Frederick W. (1866-91) : b. Wisbech, 22 June, 
1866 ; d. New York, 22 Dec, 1891. D.Sc. Montana, 1890. 
Went to America, 1881. Papers in Bull. Torrey Club and 
Bot. Gazette. Bot. Gazette, 1892, 78, (portr.). 

Page 7, after Atkinson, John, insert — 

Atkinson, WiUiam (1765-1821) : b. Dalton-in-Furness, 
Lane, 3 May, 1765 ; d. Dalton, 8 Dec, 1821 ; bur. Dalton. 
Solicitor, of Dalton. Contributed to 3rd ed. of With. Arr. 
List of Plants in 1805 ed. of West's * Antiquities of Furness.' 

Page 22, Brass, William, add — 

'* On West Coast of Africa, 1782-3. Trans. Hort. Soc. v. 449." 
Coys (p. 40) should precede Coyte (p. 39). 

Page 42, Cunnack, James, add — 

" (1831-86) : b. Helston, Cornwall, 27 Dec, 1831 ; d. Helston, 
11 May,, 1886 ; bur. Helston Cemetery. Correspondent of 
Watson." 

Page 51, after Donn, insert — 
Donovan, Edward [see O'Donovan]. 

Page 55, Edwards, Rev. Zachary James, add — 

*' (1799-1880) : b. Wambrook, Dorset, 1799 ; d. Misterton, 
Somerset, 1880." 

Page 63, for entry under Frampton, substitute — 

Frampton, Mary (1773-1846) : b. Moreton, Dorset, 1773 ; 
d. Dorchester, Dorset, 12 Nov., 1846. 5 vols, of drawings 
of Dorset plants in possession of H. Frampton, of 
Moreton. 'Journal of M.F., 1779-1846.' Fl. Dors. 39; 
Salter, Bot. of Poole, 33. 

Page 64, Freeman, Joseph, for " (fl. 1860) '* read " (fl. 1837-60)." 

Page 94, for " Johnson, George" read ''Johnston, George." 

Page 98, under Knight, Joseph, add— 

** (1781 ?-1855) : b. near Hoghton, Gloucestershire, 1781 ? ; d. 
Bitham House, Banbury, 27 July, 1855. Gillow, Diet. 
Catholic Biography, vol. iv. ined." 



BIOGEAPHICAL INDEX 



OF 



BEITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS. 



Abbot, Rev. Charles (1761 ?-1817) : b. Winchester ? 1761 ? ; d. 
Bedford, Oct., 1817. D.D. Oxon, 1802. Vicar of Oakley 
Eaynes and Goldington, Beds. F.L.S., 1793. ' Flora Bed- 
fordiensis,* 1798. Discovered Epipactis purpurata, 1807. 
Contrib. to E. Bot. 72-2775. Herbarium at Turvey Abbey, 
Beds. Gent. Mag. 1817, ii. 378 ; Journ. Bot. 1881, 40 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. i. 3. 

Abbot, Rev. Robert (1560 ?-1618) : b. Guildford, Surrey, 
1560?; d. 2 Mar., 1618. B.A. Oxon, 1579; M.A., 1583; 
D.D., 1596. Eector of Bishop's Hatfield, Herts, 1584. 
Master of Balliol, 1609. Bp. of Salisbury, 1615. " Excel- 
lent and diligent herbalist," Pult. i. 137 ; Ger. emac, 166, 
175, 216 ; Ath. Oxon. ii. 224, 859 ; Alumni Oxon. ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. i. 24. 

Abbott, James (1831 ?-89) : b. Leeds, 1831 ; d. Leeds, 2 Dec, 
1889 ; bur. St. Mark's Church. Druggist. Lect. Bot. Leeds 
Chemists' Association. Pharm. Journ. 3rd ser. xix. 498. 

Abel, Clarke (1780-1826) : b. 1780 ; d. Cawnpore, J4 Nov., 1826. 
M.D., F.L.S., 1818, In China with Lord Macartney, 1816. 
Chinese plants in Brit. Mus. Pritz. 1 ; E. S. C. i. 4 ; Gent. 
Mag. xcvii., pt. ii. (1827), 644 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 32. Portr. 
at Kew. Abelia E. Br. 

Abercrombie, John (1726-1806) : b. Edinburgh, 1726 ; d. 
London, 30 April or 1 May, 1806. Pritz. (ed. 1), 1 ; Johnson, 
219; Cott. Gard. iv. 65 ; Journ. Hort. Iv. (1876), 469, w. portr. ; 
Felton, 153 ; Biog. in his ' Gardener's Pocket Journal,* ed. 
35, 1857 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 36. Best portr. in his * Uni- 
versal Gardener,' ed. 1783 ; full-length, ast. 72, in ed. 16, 1800. 

Acton, Frances, nee Knight (1793 ?-1881) : d. Acton Scott, 
Salop, 24 Jan., 1881. Eldest d. of T. A. Knight, m. T. P. 
Stackhouse Acton, 1812. Shared in her father's experiments. 
Artist. Gard. Chron. 1881, i. 182. 

2 



2 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Adair^ Patrick (fl. 1696). M.D. Sent British seaweeds from 
Gosport to Doody (E. Syn., ed. 2, 328, &c.), Indian drugs to 
Sloane, and Cape plants to Plukenet. "A great acquaintance 
to Dr. Plukenet/* Herb. Sloane, 102, in which are plants 
from Johanna Island, supposed of his collection. Plukenet, 
Ahn., 45, 115 ; Mant. 167. 

AdamSj Francis (1796-1861) : b, Lmnphaaaan, Aberdeen, 13 
Mar., 1796; d. Banchory Teman, 26 Feb., 1861. M.A. 
Aberdeen; Hon. M.D., 1856; LL.I). Glasgow, 1846. Greek 
scholar. Translated Hippocrates, 1849. Murray, ' Northern 
Flora,' xvii. and Append. I. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 95. Bust 
at Univ., Aberdeen. 

Adams, Oeorge (1720-86 ? or 1773) : b. London, 1720 ; d. 
London, 5 Mar., 1786? * Micrographia Illustrata ' ; Pritz. 1; 
Jacks. 219 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 97. 

Adams, George (1750-95) : b. London, 1750 ; d. London, 14 
Aug., 1795. F.L.S., 1788. Son of above. 'Essays on 
Microscope, with view of organization of timber,' 1787. 
Pritz. 1 ; Jacks. 219 ; Gent. Mag. Ixv. 708 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
i. 97. 

AdamS; John (fl. 1785). Of Edmonton. * Account of a Varie- 
gated American Aloe,' 1785 ; Pritz. (ed. 1), 2. 

Adams, John (fl. 1793-183-). F.L.S., 1795. Of Pembroke. 
Correspondent of Smith. Conchologist. Drowned off Pem- 
brokeshire, 183-. E. B. Ill, 248, 462; Lees' 'Botanical 
Looker-out,' 215 ; E. S. C. i 17. 

Adamson, Frederick (fl. 1840-45). Settler in Victoria. Sent 
large collections to Sir W. Hooker, 1840-45. Fl. Tasmania, 
cxxvii 

Aikin, Arthur (1773-1854) : b. Warrington, 19 May, 1773 ; d. 
London, 15 April, 1854. Son of following. F.L.S., 1818. 
Original Member Geological Soc, 1807 ; Sec, 1811 ; Sec. to 
Society of Arts, 1817-1840. Discovered Astrantia major in 
Salop, 1824. Trans. Linn. Soc. xv. 507 ; E. S. C. i. 28 ; Proc. 
Geol. Soc. xi. (1855), p. xlL; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 304; Wall. 
PI. Asiat. iii. 65 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 184 Aikinia Br. =Epi- 
thema Bl. 

Aikin^ John (1747-1822) : b. Kibworth Harcourt, Leicester, 15 
Jan., 1747 ; d. Stoke Newington, London, 7 Dec, 1822. 
M.D., Leyden, 1784; F.L.S., 1795. Memoir by Lucy Aikin, 
1823, portr., engr. by Englehart ; Jacks. 213, 244; E. S. C. 
i. 28 ; Munk. ii. 421 ; Gent. Mag. 1823, i. 85 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. i. 185. Portr. by J. Donaldson, engr. by Knight. 

Ainslie, Sir Whitelaw (fl. 1786-1835). M.D. Leyden, 1786; 
Surgeon E. L C, 1788-1815 ; F.E.S. Ed. ' Materia Indica,' 
1813, 1826 ; Pritz. 3 ; E. S. C. i. 30 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 190. 
Ainsliaa DC. 

Aiton^ William (1731-93) : b. near Hamilton, N.B., 1731 ; d. 
Kew, 1 Feb., 1793. Director of Kew, 1759-1793. * Hortus 
Kewensis,' 1789. Eees ; Pritz. 3 ; Jacks. 412 ; Cott. Gard. v. 
263 ; Johnson, 298 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 207. Oil portr. and 
engr., Kew. Aitonia Thunb. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 6 

Alton, William Townsend (1766-1849) : b. Kew, 2 Feb., 1766 ; 
d. Kensington, 9 Oct., 1849. F.L.S., 1797. Director of 
Kew, 1793-1841. Pritz. 3 ; Jacks. 412 : Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 
82 ; * Hortus Kewensis,* ed. 2, v. 531 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 
208. Portr. by L. Poyet, Kew. 

Alchome, Stanesby (d. 1799 or 1800). Apothecary, Assay- 
master in the Mint. Hon. Demonstrator at Chelsea, 1771- 
73. Semple ; Linn. Corr. ii. 4-7. Alchornea Sw. 

Alcock, Randal Hibbert (1833-85) : b. Gatley, Cheshire, 21 
July, 1833 ; d. Didsbury, Lane, 9 Nov., 1885. F.L.S., 1876. 
' Botanical Names for English Eeaders,' 1876. Jacks. 9, 499; 
Journ. Bot. 1886, 160 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1885-6, 137. 

Alderson, John (1757?-1829) : b. Lowestoft, 1757?; d. Hull, 16 
Sept., 1829. M.D. One of founders of Hull Garden. * Essay 
on Bhus Toxicodendron,* 1793. Corlass & Andrews, * Sketches 
of Hull Authors,* 6; Gent. Mag. Nov. 1830, 451; E. S. C. i. 
40 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 243. Two statues at Hull. 

Alexander, H. T. (fl. 1833-45). Of Cork.' Surgeon E.N. 
MS. List of Flora Co. Cork. Power, Bot. Guide Cork, 
pref. i. 

Alexander, Sir James Edward (fl. 1824-38). Captain. 
Traveller. Collected in S. Africa. E. S. C. i. 43. Trans. 
Linn. Soc. xviii. 305. Gatophractes Alexandri D. Don. 

Alexander, William (fl. 1799-1842). M.D., of Halifax. Nearly 
lost his life collecting Lloydia. Trans. Hort. Soc. i. 328. 
E. S. C. i. 44. 

Alfred the Philosopher (? de Sarchel, or Sereshel) (fl. 1170). 
** An Englishman, much respected at home." ' De Vegeta- 
bilibus et Plantis,' translated fr. Arabic version of Aristotle. 
Felton, 4; Thomas Wright, Biog. Brit. Literar. ii. 220; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. i. 285. 

Aifrey, George (fl. 1699). Surgeon. Made collections for 
Petiver on coast of Brazil, &c. Mus. Pet^ p. 43, n. 347. 

Allan, James (fl. 1853). Ph.D. ; A.M. ; Prof. Chemistry, Man- 
chester. * Botanist's Word-book,' 1853, with G. Macdonald. 
Jacks. 9 ; Card. Chron. 1853, 791. 

Allan, John (1845-88) : b. Carluke, 12 July, 1845 ; d. Easter 
Middleton, 2 Dec, 1888. * Botany of Applecross,' Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Ed. xvii. 117 ; Id. 524. 

AUchin, William Henry (1828 ?-91) : b. 1828 ? ; d. London, 
24 Nov., 1891. M.B. (Lond.) Practised in London. Grew 
varieties of British Ferns. Proc. Dublin Nat. Hist. Soc. 
i. 61. E. S. C. ix. 30. 

AUman, William (1776-1846) : b. Kingston, Jamaica; 7 Feb., 
1776; d. Dublin, 8 Dec, 1846. MD., Dublin, 1804; Prof. 
Botany, Dublin, 1809-1844. MS. on 'Mathematical Con- 
nection between Parts of Vegetables,* 1811, in Herb. Mus. 
Brit. Pritz. 4 ; Jacks. 17, 40, 65 ; E. S. C. i. 51 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. i. 335. Allmania Br. 

Alston, Charles (1683-1760): b. Eddlewood, W. Scotland, 
1683; d. Edinburgh, 22 Nov., 1760. M.D., Leyden, 1718; 
Prof, of Botany, Edinburgh, 1719-1760. ' Tirocim\im"^o\ax:^- 



4 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

cum Edinburgense,' 1753. Pult. ii. 9-17; Rees; Pritz. 5; 
Gent. Mag. 1760, 594 ; Jacks. 16, 32, 411 ; Rich. Corr. 275 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog, i. 346. Alstonia Linn. fiL 

Amherst^ Lady Sarah Elizabeth [see Williams]. 

Anderson, Alexander (d. 1811) : d. St. Vincent, w. Indies, 8 
Sept., 1811. M.D. ; F.L.S., 1808. In America from 1775. 
Curator, St. Vincent Garden, from 1785. In Guiana, 1791. 
Demerara pi. in Mus. Brit. ; St. Vincent pi. at Kew. Pritz. 
6 ; Cott. Gard. viii. ; Lambert, * Pinus,* ii. 14 ; Gard. Mag. i. 
(1826) 194; Banksian Corresp. 3 May, 1789, and 30 Mar., 
1796 ; Guilding, ' Account of St. Vincent Garden ' ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. i. 372. Andersonia Br. 

Anderson, aeorge (fl. 1800-17) : d. 10 Jan., 1817. F.L.S., 1800. 
Of West Ham and Leadenhall Street. * British Plants,* 
Linn. Trans, xi. 216. Had a salicetum. Contributed Willows 
to E. Bot. 2343, &c. Grew Narcissi, Bot. Reg- 1. 123. With 
J. P. Jones in Devon and Cornwall. Jones, Bot. Tour, viii. 
R. S. C. i. 63. Salix Andersoniana Sm. 

Anderson, James (1739-1808) : b. Hermiston, Edinburgh, 1739; 
d. Isleworth, 15 Oct., 1808. LL.D. Aberdeen, 1780. Pritz. 
6 ; Jacks. 34 ; Memoir w. letters and portr. in * Bee,' ix. 
(1792) ; Cott. Gard. v. 1 ; Gent. Mag. Ixxviii. 1051 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. i. 381. Medallion by Tassie. 

Anderson, James (d. 1809) : d. Madras, 5 Aug., 1809. Physi- 
cian to East India Company. M.D. Edin. Diet. Nat. 
Biog. i. 382. Andersonia Roxb. = Amoora. 

Anderson, James (d. 1838). Director, Sydney Garden, N.S.W. 
Friend of the Cunninghams. Woolls, * Lectures on Veg. 
Kingdom,' 1879, p. 58. 

Anderson, John (d. 1847) : d. Sydney, 1847. Gardener. Col- 
lector on H.M.S. * Adventure,' 1825-1830. Colonial botanist, 
Sydney, 1836-47. MS. list of Chiloe plants (1829-30) in 
Bot. Dept. PI. in Herb. Mus. Brit. Fl. Tasm. cxxiii.; R. S. 
C. i. 63. 

Anderson, Robert (1838-67). Brother of Thomas Anderson. 
' Catalogue of Calcutta Plants,' 1862. 

Anderson, Samuel (d. 1878). F.L.S.,1854. Of Whitby. Con- 
tributed to * Sphagnaceae Britannicae Exsiccatae.' Journ. 
Bot. 1878, 64 ; Gard. Chron. 1878, i. 178. 

Anderson, Thomas (1832-70) : d. Edinburgh, 26 Oct., 1870. 
M.D. Edin., 1853 ; F.L.S., 1859. Superintendent, Calcutta 
Garden. Plants from Aden and India at Kew. Specially 
studied Acanthacece. Pritz. 6 ; Jacks. 384, 388, 451 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1870, 368 ; Gard. Chron. 1870, 1478 ; R. S. C. i. 65 ; 
vii. 33 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xi. 1875, 41 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1870-71, Ixxx. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. i. 392. 

Anderson, William (1766-1846) : b. Easter Warriston, Edin- 
burgh, 1766; d. Chelsea, 6 Oct., 1846. A.L.S., 1798 ; F.L.S., 
1815. Gardener and Curator at Chelsea from 1814. Pritz. 
6; Semple, 119, 203; Proc. Linn. Soc. i: 331; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. i. 393. 

Anderson-Henry, Isaac (1799 ?-1884) : b. Caputh, Perthshire, 



BBITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. O 

1799?; d. 21 Sept., 1884. F.L.S,, 1865. President Bot. 
Soc. Edin., 1867-8. • Gard. Chron. 1873, 399, portr. ; 1884, 

ii. 400; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xvi. 189 ; E. S. C. vii. 951. 
Andrews (fl. 1710). Apothecary. Of Sudbury. Friend of Kay, 

Dale, &c. Eich. Corr. 174 ; Eay. Syn. 114. 
Andrews^ Henry C. (fl. 1796-1828). Of Knightsbridge, Lon- 
don. 'Botanists' Eepository.' * Heaths.' *Eoses.' 'Gera- 
niums.' Pritz. 6; Jacks. 131, 132, 142, 471; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

i. 406. Andreusia Vent. = Myoporum, 
Andrews^ James (1801 ?-1876) : b. 1801 ? ; d. Walworth, 17 

Dec, 1876. Botanical artist. ' The Parterre,' 1841. ' Floral 

Tableaux,' 1846. Jacks. 39, 41 ; Gard. Chron. 1877, i. 24. 
Andrews, William (1802-80) : b. Chichester, 1802 ; d. DubHn, 

11 March, 1880. President, DubUn N. H. Soc. Discovered 

Trichomanes radicans Andrewsii, 'Irish Saxifrages,' Proc. 

Dublm Nat. Hist. Soc. vi. 84. E. S. C. i. 70; vii. 36; 

ix. 49. Journ. Bot. 1880, 256 ; 1883, 181 ; Proc. Eoy. Irish 

Acad. iii. (1880) ; Ann. N. H. vi. (1841), 382 ; Diet. Nat. 

Biog. i. 409, 
Anglicus, Gilbertus [see Legle] . 
Annesley, George^ Earl of Mountnorris^ Viscount Va- 

lentia (1769-1844): b. 2 Nov., 1769; d. 23 July, 1844. 

F.E.S. ; F.L.S. Succeeded to earldom, 1816. * Voyages 

and Travels,* 1802-6, 1809. * Botanices cultorem et fau- 

torem indefessum,* Wall. PI. Asiat. i. 5. Anneslia Salisb. 

Anneslea Wall. 
Ansell, John (fl. 1841) : b. Hertford. Afterwards of Chisle- 

hurst, Kent. On Niger Expedition with Vogel in 1841. 

Phyt. ii. 663. Ansellia Lindl. 
Aram, William (fl. 1770). Of Norwich (?). Wrote list of 

Norfolk pi. in * Description of England and Wales,' 1769-70, 

vol. vi. Jacks. 503. 
Archer, John (fl. 1660-84). Physician to Charles II. Of 

Knightsbridge. * Complete Herbal,* 1673. Jacks. 199 ; 

Granger, iv. 5 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 71. Engr. portr. in his 

* Secrets Disclosed,' 1684. 
Archer, Thomas Croxen (1817-85) : b. Northamptonshire, 

1817; d. Edinburgh, 19 Feb., 1885; bur. Grange Cemetery. 

Surgeon. In Liverpool Custom House, 1841-1860. Director, 

Edinburgh Mus. Science and Art, 1860-85. Pres. Bot. Soc. 

Edinb. 1862. * Popular Economic Botany,' 1853. Pritz. 8 ; 

Jacks. 66, 192 ; E. S. C. i. 85 ; vi. 567 ; vii. 42 ; Trans. Bot. 

Soc. Ed. xvi. (1886), 272 ; Pharm. Journ. 3rd ser. xv. 709. 
Arden, Lady (fl. 1796-1830). Mycologist. Contrib. to E. B. 

461, 2659. 
Ardem, John (fl. 1349-1370). Surgeon. Of Newark. ' De re 

herbaria . . . ,' Sloane MSS. 56, 335, 341, 2002, 3844, 1991. 

Pult. i. 23 ; Friend, Hist. Physic ; Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-Hib. 

48 ; Haller, i. 229 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 76. Ardernia SaHsb. 
Argyle, Archibald^ Duke of [see Campbell, Abchibald] . 
Armistead^ Wilson (fl. 1838-65). Of Woodside, Liverpool 

(1838) and Leeds. Meteorologist and entomologist. 'To 



b BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

my Botanical . . . Friends/ 1865. Had a herbarium. 
Friends' Books, i. 131 ; Hall, ' Flora of Liverpool,' vii.» 
and appendix ; E. S. C. vii. 46. 

Armitage^ — (d. before 1840). Treas. Birmingham Bot. and 
Hort. Soc. Floral Cabinet, iii. 6, 81. Lathynis Armitageanics 
Kn. and Westc. 

Armstrong; J. (fl. 1840) : Kew collector at Port Essington. 
Plants at Kew. Fl. Tasmania, cxvii. 

Arnold, Joseph (1782-1818) : b. Beccles, 28 Dec, 1782 ; d. 
Padang, Sumatra, July or Aug., 1818. M.D. Edin., 1807; 
K.N. ; F.L.S., 1815. Memoir by Dawson Turner, Ipswich, 
1849 ; Linn. Trans, xiii. 201 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 110. CoL 
medallion portr. Kew. Bafflesia Amoldi E. Br. 

Arnott, George Amott Walker (1799-1868) : b. Edinburgh, 
6 Feb., 1799; d. Glasgow, 17 May, 1868. M.A. Edin., 
1818 ; LL.D. Aberdeen, 1837 ; F.L.S., 1825. Eegius Prof. 
Bot., Glasgow, 1845. * Botany' in Encycl. Brit., ed. 1. 
'Ehizophoreae,' Mag. Zool. Bot. (1838), 359. * Langsdorffia,' 
id, (1839), 36. ' British Flora ' (with W. J. Hooker). Herb- 
arium at Glasgow. Pritz. 9; Jacks. 516; E. S. C. i. 98; vi. 
568; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. ix. (1868), 414; Gard. Chron. 
1868, 683 ; Joum. Bot. vi. 223 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1869, 101 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 120. Portr. at Kew. 

Artis, Edmund Tyrrell (fl. 1825). House-steward to Earl 
Fitzwilliam. ' Antediluvian Phytology,' 1825'. Pritz. 9 ; 
Jacks. 176, 182. 

Arviel; Henry (c. 1280). Eesided at Bologna. * De Botanica. 
sive Stirpium Varia Historia.' " Varia itinera susceperat,' 
Haller, i. 219. Pult. i. 22 ; Tanner, Bibl. Brit. Hib. 

Ascham, Rev. Anthony (fl. 1550). Physician. Vicar of 

Bumiston, near Bedale, Yorkshire. * A Little Herbal,' 

. 1550. Pult. i. 50-1 ; Pritz. 9 ; Jacks. 25 ; Baker, * Fathers 

of Yorkshire Botany ' ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 149. Portr. 

engr. Cooper. Aschamia Salisb. = Hippedstnim (in part.) 

Ashby, John (17547-1828): b. 1754?; d. Bungay, 24 Nov., 
1828. Grocer and draper. Of Bungay. Contributor to 
Smith's * Flora Britannica,' and to Bot. Guide (547). Mag. 
Nat. Hist. ii. (1829), 120. 

Ashfleld, Charles Joseph (fl. 1858-63). Of Preston, Lan- 
cashire. N. Lancashire plants in Phyt. v. vi., n.s., and 
in Bot. Chronicle. Herbarium in Preston. E. S. C. i. 107 ; 
vii. 53. 

Ashley, W. H. (fl. 1850). M.D. Of London. Botanised in 
Devonshire before 1851. Halle's * Letters,' pref. 

Ashmole, Elias (1617-92) : b. Lichfield, 23 May, 1617 ; d. 
Lambeth, 26 May, 1692. Hon. M.D. Oxon., 1669. F.E.S. 
1661. Windsor Herald, 1660. Took up study of plants in 
1648. ' Life.' Mag. Nat. Hist. n.s. i. 272 ; Cott. Gard. iv. 
269 ; Ath. Oxon. iii. 354 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 172. 

Atkins, George (d. in or before 1862). M.D. Of Hull. Had a 
large general herbarium. 

Atkins, Anna, nee Childben (d. 1871) : d. Halsfcead, Kent» 



BBITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 7 

June, 1871 ; daughter of J. G. Children, of Brit. Mus. Collec- 
tion of Brit. pi. in Herb. Mus. Brit. Produced 3 vols, of 
Cyanotype Impressions of Algae (1859). See Proc. Phil. Soc. 
Glasgow, xxi. 155. Wrote memoir of her father (privately 
printed). Jacks. 242. 

AtkinS; Saxah [see Wilson, Lucy] . 

Atkinson, John (1787-1828): b. Leeds, 29 May, 1787; d. 
Leeds, 3 Oct., 1828. Surgeon. F.L.S. ; Curator, Leeds 
Philosoph. Hall. Contrib. Ust of Leeds plants to Whitaker's 
'Loidis and Elmete.' Mem. Wern. Soc. v. 277. 'Leeds 
Worthies,' 311 ; E. S. C. i. 109 ; Whitaker's ' Thoresby,' 76, 
Gil portrait by Eichmond ; litho. by Denny. 

Atthey, Thomas (1814-80) : b. Kenton, Northumberland, 1814 : 
d. Gosforth, April, 1880. A.L.S., 1875. Collected Dia- 
tomacesB and plants of Coal-measures. Paper on Diatoms in 
Ann. Mag. N. H. Collection of Carboniferous fossils in New- 
castle Museum. Trans. Northumb. & Durham, viii. 88; 
Jotrn. Bot. 1880, 224; E. S. C. i. Ill, viii. 55. ix. 80. 
Att'xeya T. West. 

Atwood, Rev. E. Marcus (fl. 1858-63). 'Eouen plants.' 
Phyt. iii. 260, n.s. ; E. S. C. i. 111. 

Atwood, Martha Maria (fl. 1852-60). Of Clifton, Bristol. 
Conlrib. largely to Swete's * PL Bristoliensis ' ; also to Phyt. 
iv. n.s. Muscologist. Letters in Wilson's Correspondence 
in Brit. 'Mus. 

Aubrey^ John (1626-97) : b. Easton Perry, Kingston, Wilts., 
12 March, 1626 ; d. Oxford, June, 1697. F.E.S., 1663. 
Nephew to Henry Lyte. E. Syn. ed. 3, 131, 439, 445. Biog. 
by J. Britton, London, 1845. Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 244. 

Aylesford^ Countess of [see Finch, Louisa] . 

Ayres, Philip Burnard (d. 1863) : d. St. Louis, Mauritius, 
1863. Of Thame, Oxon. M.D. Cryptogamist. Contribu- 
tor tc Phytol. Issued 'Mycologia Britannica,' dried speci- 
mens of Brit. Fungi, 1845 ; plants at Kew. Pritz. 10 ; Phyt. 
ii. 72 i E. S. C. i. 129 ; Fl. Maurit. 10. MSS. at Kew. 

Ayrey, James, or Airey (fl. 1705). Friend of Petiver and Plu- 
kenet. Vol. of his plants, Hb. Sloane, 74. Pluk. Amalth. 69. 

Babington^ Bei\Jamin Guy (1791-1866) : b. Guy's Hospital, 
London, 1794; d. London, 8 April, 1866. M.D. Cambridge, 
1830; F.E.S. ; F.E.C.P., 1831. CoUected in Mauritius, 
1811-12 (Trans. Med. Bot. Lond. 1829, appx. 11). Proc. 
E. S. xvi. 1 ; E. S. C. i. 136 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 311. 

Babington, Rev. Churchill (1821-89) : b. Eoecliffe, Leices- 
tersh., 11 Mar., 1821; d. Cockfield, Suff., 12 Jan., 1889; 
bur. Cockfield. F.L.S., 1853; M.A.Cantab., 1843. AtHorn- 
ingsey, Cambridge, 1848-61 ; to Honington, 1866 ; Eector of 
Cockfield, 1866. Lichenologist. Assisted J. D. Hooker 
with lichens of ' Flora Antarctica ' and * Fl. N. Zealand.* 
Contrib. Leicestersh. plants to *N. B. G.,* and to Hind's 
^Fl. Suffolk/ Jacks. 517; E. S. C. i. 139; Ann. Bot. iii. 449 
(bibliogr.) ; Journ. Bot. 1889, 110. StriguUa Babingtonii'Berk, 



8 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Babington^ Rev. Joseph (1768-1826): b. Eothley Temple, 
Leicestersh., 2 Jan., 1796; d. Batn, 15 Dec, 1826; bur. 
Broughton Gifford, Wilts. B.A. Camb., 1791 ; M.A., 1794; 
L.M. Oxford, 1795. Physician at Ludlow. Afterwards clergy- 
man at Broughton Gififord. Father of Prof. C. C. Babington. 
* Plants found near Ludlow,' in Plymley's ' Agriculture of 
Shropshire,' pp. 183-207 ; E.B. 450, 740, 887. 

Backhouse, James (1794-1869) : b. 8 July, 1794 ; d. York, 20 
Jan., 1869. Nurseryman. Botanised in Teesdale, &c., 1803- 
65. Missionary Friend in Norway and the Southern Hemi- 
sphere. Correspondent of J. E. Smith and W. J. Hooker. 
Pritz. 11 ; Joum. Bot. 1869, 51 ; Joum. Hort. xli. 1869, 32 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1869, 136 ; E. S. C. i. 147 ; vi. 573 ; m. 65. 
Backhousia Hook. 

Backhouse, James (1825-90) : b. York, 22 Oct., 1825 ; d York, 
31 Aug., 1890. F.L.S., 1885. Son of preceding, with whom 
he botanised in Teesdale, &c., 1843-65, and visited Norway 
(1851), Ireland (1854), and Scotland (1859, &c.). Found 
Trichomanes in N. Wales, and Viola arenaria in Teesdale 
(1862). ' Monograph of Brit. Hieracia,' 1856. Contrib. to 
Phyt. (1855-8) and Bot. Gazette (1851). Pritz. 11; Joum. 
Bot. 1890, 353 w. portr. ; E. S. C. i. 147. 

Backhouse, William (1779 ?-1844) : b. 1779 ? ; d. Dtrhngton, 
9 June, 1844. Banker. E. Bot. 1984, 2529, 2922, &c. Contrib. 
list of pi. to Longstaffe's Hist. Darlington, pp. 374, xciv. 
Had a herbarium. 

Bacon, Vincent (d. 1739): d. 6 April, 1739. Suijgeon and 
apothecary. Of London, afterw. of Grantham F.E.S. 
Member of Martyn's Bot. Soc, 1721. Phil. Trans., No. 432; 
Martyn'S Virgil, xliii. ; Gent. Mag. 1739, 216. ' 

Badham, Rev. Charles David (1806-57) : b. London, 1806 ; 
d. Oxon, 14 July, 1857. M.D. F.E.C.P. * Esculent 
Funguses,* 1847. Pritz. 11 ; Jacks. 244 ; Eraser's Mag. 
Ivi. 152 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 387. 

Baikie, William Balfour (1825-64) : b. Kirkwall, Orkney, 27 
Aug., 1825 ; d. Sierra Leone, 30 Nov. or 12 Dec, 1864. 
M.D. Edin. E.N. Surgeon to Niger Expedition, 1854, 
1857-9? 'Historia Naturalis Orcadensis,' 1848. Niger 
plants at Kew. Jacks. 217; E. S. C. i. 154; vii. 68; Joum. 
Bot. 1865, 71; Fl. Trop. Afr. i. 8*; Gent. Mag., March, 
1865; Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 406. Monument in Kirkwall 
Cathedral. Stephanophysum Baikiei Hook. 

Baily, Miss [see Kane, Lady] . 

Bain, John (fl. 1854). Of Trin. Coll. Bot. Gard., DubUn. 
DiscoYered Hordeum sylvaticum in Ireland. Proc. Dublin Nat. 
Soc. i. 45. 

Baines, Henry (c. 1800-c. 1880) : b. Halifax, Yorks., c. 1800; 
d^ York, c. 1880. Sub-curator, York Philosophical Soc. ; 
Curator of garden. * Flora of Yorkshire,* 1840. Formerly 
in employ of Backhouse. Pritz. 12 ; Jacks. 262. 

Baines, John (1787-1838) : b. Horbury, Yorks., 1787 ; d. Thorn- 
hill, Yorks., 1 May, 1838 ; bur. Horbury. Mathematician. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. U 

"In herbis decernendis peritus " (inscription on his tombstone). 
Diet. Nat. Biog. ii. 439. 

Baines, Thomaji (1822-75) : b. King's Lynn, Norfolk, 1822 ; 
d. Durban, Natal, 8 May, 1875. F.E.G.S. To Cape Colony, 
1842. Artist in Kafir War, 1848-51; in N.W. Australia in 
1855; to Zambesi Expedition, 1858, &c. African plants at 
Kew. Jacks. 408 ; E. S. C. i. 161 ; Biog. sketch in his ' Ex- 
plorations in S.W. Africa,' 1864; Proc. E. Geog. Soc. xx. 
289;Dict. Nat. Biog. ii. 441. Vignette photo, at Kew. Mollugo 
Bainesii Oliv. 

Baker, H. C. (fl. 1836). Captain, Bengal Artillery. * List of 
specimens of wood from India,' 1836. Pritz. 12. 

Baker, Henry (1698-1774) : b. Chancery Lane, London, 8 May, 
1698; d. Strand, London, 25 Nov. 1774. F.E.S., 1740. 
Introduced Bheum palmatum. Hb. Sloane, 152, 252 ; Nich. 
Anecd. v. 172 ; Nich. Illust. iv. 762 ; Biog. Britann. i. 525. 
Sloane MSS. 4435, 4436 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 10. 

Baker, Anne Elizabeth (1786-1861) : b. Northampton (?), 16 
June, 1786 ; d. Northampton, 22 April, 1861. List of plants 
in her brother George Baker's Hist. Northamptonshire, i. 3. 
Gent. Mag. ccxi. 208 ; Quarterly Eev. ci. 6 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
m. 1. 

Baker, Robert (1824 ?-85) : d. Leamington, 1885. M.D. Prac- 
tised in Birmingham and afterwards in Leamington. * Cat. 
Warwickshire Plants ' (w. J. E. Young) in Proc. Warw. Nat. 
Hist. Soc. 1874. Fl. Warwickshire, 507. 

Baker, Rev. WUliam Lloyd (fl. 1793). F.L.S., 1793. Of 
Stout's Hill, Gloucester. Discovered Cephalanthera rubra. 
Sowerby Letters in Bot. Dep. Brit. Mus. Contrib. to E. 
B., 68, 483, 550, &c. Oil-portrait at Hardwicke, Glou- 
cester. 

Bakewell, Robert (1768-1843) : b. 1768 ; d. Downshire Hill, 
Hampstead, 15 Aug. 1843. Geologist. ' Pollen,' Mag. Nat. 
Hist. ii. 1. E. S. C. i. 167 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 23. 

Balfour^ Sir Andrew (1630-94) : b. Denmihi, Fife, 18 Jan., 
1630 ; d. London, 10 Jan., 1694. M.D. Caen, 1661. Founded 
Edinburgh Bot. Garden, c. 1680. Pult. ii. 3 ; ' Memoria 
Balfouriana,' by Sir Eobert Sibbald, 1699; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
iii. 48. Balfourm E. Brown. 

Balfour, John Hutton (1808-84) : b. Edinburgh, 15 Sept., 
1808 ; d. Edinburgh, 11 Feb., 1884. M.A. and M.D. Edin., 
1832. F.L.S., 1844. F.E.S. Prof. Bot., Glasgow, 1841 ; 
Edinburgh, 1845-1879. Founded Bot. Soc, Edinburgh, 
1836. * Flora of Edinburgh,' 1863. ' Manual of Botany,' 
1848. * Class-book of Botany,' 1852. Pritz. 13; Jacks., 518; 
E. S. C. i. 170 ; vii. 77 ; ix. 108 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-4, 
30; Gard. Chron. 1884, i. 220; Hist. Berwickshure Nat. 
Club, xi. 218; E. B., 2918; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 56. Bal- 
fourodendron Mello. Poa Balfourii Parn. 

Ball; Anne E. (fl. 1840). Of Youghal. Algologist. Joum. 
Bot. 1840, 191. Assisted Harvey in Phyc. Brit. (tt. 14, 
356). Sent Algae to Dublin Univ. Herb. Ballia Harv. 



10 BIOGRAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

Ball, John (1818-89) : b. Dublin, 20 Aug., 1818; d. S. Kensing- 
ton, 21 Oct., 1889 ; bur. Catholic Churchyard, Fulham. 
F.L.S., 1856; F.E.S., 1868. M.P. for Carlow, 1852. Under- 
Sec, of State for Colonies, 1855. Ist Pres. Alpine Club, 
1858-60. * Alpine Guide,' 1860-65. With J. D. Hooker in 
Morocco, 1871. * Spicilegium FlorsB Maroccanse,' Journ. 
Linn. Soc. xvi. * Notes of a Naturalist in South America,* 
1887. E. B. 2914, 2971. Pritz. 13 ; Jacks. 518 ; E. S. C. i. 
171 j vii. 78 ; ix. 109 ; Journ. Bot. 1889, 365 ; Proc. E. Soc. 
xlvii. V. ; Ann. Bot. iii. 450 (bibliogr.). 

Ballard, — (£1.1787). Of Malvern. Surgeon. Contrib. to Wither- 
ing, ed. 2 (pref. xi.). Lees, Bot. of Worcester, Ixxxviii. 

Balls, Matthew (fl. 1869). Of Hitchin and Hertford. Phyt. 
n.s. ii. (1869), 202; Pryor, 'Flora of Hertfordshire,' xlvii. 

Banckes, Richarde (fl. 1526). ?B.A. Oxon., 1515. **Here 
begynnyth a new Mater ye whiche sheweth .... Vertues 
and Properties of Herbes," London, 1526. Jacks. 23. 

Bancroft, Edward Nathaniel (1772-1842) : b. London, 1772 ; 
d. Kingston, Jamaica, 18 Sept., 1842 ; bur. Kingston 
Cathedral. M.B. Camb., 1794. Physician to Forces. M.D., 
1804; F.E.C.P., 1806. In Jamaica from 1811. ' Cuichun- 
chulli,' Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 277. " A zealous cultivator of 
botany,'* Macfadyen, Fl. Jamaica, i. 112. E. S. C. i. 75 ; 
Munk, iii. 31; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 106. Bancroftia Mac- 
fadyen. 

Banister, Rev. John (d. 1692 or 1696?): d. Virginia, U.S.A., 
1692 or 1696 ?. Missionary in Virginia. Correspondent of 
Eay, Lister, and Compton. ' Cat. of PI. observed in N. 
America,' in Eay, Hist. PI. ii. * Herbarium Virginianum,* 
1767. Previously at Oxford, Phil. Trans, xxviii. 1713, 188. 
Letters in Sloane MSS. Herb. Sloane, 568. Pult. ii. 55-7 ; 
Pritz. 13; Phil. Trans, xvi. 667; Eay, *Hist. PL' ii. 1928; 
Loudon, 'Arboretum,' 44; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 119. Banis- 
teria Houston. 

Bankes, J. (d. c. 1866^. Of Plymouth. Had a herbarium. 
Keys, Fl. Dev. and Cornw., pref. 

Banks, George (fl. 1823-32) : d. Devonport. F.L.S., 1824. 
Silversmith and engraver. Lecturer on Botany at Devonport. 
* Introduction to ... . English Botany,' 1823 (plates by 
author). * Indigenous Flora of London and Plymouth,' in 
Mag. Nat. Hist. 1829, 265. ' Plymouth and Devonport Flora,' 
1830-2. Pritz. 13 ; Jacks. 234, 258. 

Banks, Sir Joseph (1743-1820) : b. London, 13 Feb., 1743; d. 
Spring Grove, Isleworth, Middlesex, 19 June, 1820. M.A. 
Oxon, 1763 ; F.K.S., 1766 ; P.E.S., 1778 ; D.C.L. Oxon, 
1771 ; Bart., 1781 ; K.C.B., 1795. Bound the world with 
Cook, 1768-71 ; to Iceland with Solander, 1772. Purchased 
Cliffort's Herbarium. Herbarium and library in Brit. Mus. 
Pritz. 13 ; Jacks. 518 ; Lives by Duncan, Brougham, &c. ; 
Gent. Mag. 1820, i. 574, 637 ; ii. 86 ; Nich. Anec. vii. 20, 
509; Cott. Gard. iv. 169; Felton, 181; B. G. 385; Linn. 
Corr, ii. 574-580; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 129. Portr. at 



BBITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 11 

Hortic. Soc. ; engr. in * European Magazine,' 1795. Two 
Wedgwood medallions. Oil-painting and busts, one by 
Chantrey at Linn. Soc. Statue by Chan trey at Brit. Mus. 
Nat. Hist. ; portr. at Kew. Banksia L. fil. Josephia Brown. 

Barclay, Arthur (1852-91): b. Edinburgh, 3 Aug., 1852; d. 
Simla, 2 Aug., 1891. M.B.C.M., Glasgow, 1874. Prof. 
Physiology Med. Coll. Calcutta. Mycologist. Worked at 
Dredineae. E. S. C. ix. 121. Numerous papers in Trans. 
Linn. Soc, Ann. Bot., Journ. Bot., &c. ; Journ. Bot. 1891, 384. 

Barclay, George (fl. 1835-41) : b. Huntley, Aberdeenshire ; d. 
Buenos Ayres. Kew gardener and collector. H.M.S. 
* Sulphur,' 1835, to Chili, Peru, Panama, Sandwich Isles, 
Nootka, &c. Plants and MS. Journal in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
Gard. Chron. 1882, i. 305. 

Barclay, Robert (1757-1830): b. 1757; d. 22 Oct., 1830. P.L.S., 
1788. Of Clapham and Buryhill, Surrey. Had large garden. 
Hook. Exot. El. 166. Originated *Bot. Mag.' (see dedica- 
tion to vol. Uv.) Pritz. 14; Bot. Misc. ii. 122. Portr. at 
Kew. Barclaya Wall. 

Barham, Henry (d. 1726) : d. Spanish Town, Jamaica, May, 
1726. Surgeon, E.N. E.E.S., 1717. 'Hortus Americanus,' 
1794 (written 1711). Pritz. 14; Jacks. 509. Sloane, Jamaica, 
ii., viii. ; MSS. 4036. Pref. to Lunan's ' Hort. Jamaicensis,' 
ii. Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 186. Barhamia Kl. = Croton, 

Barker, George (1776-1845) : b. 1776 ; d. 6 Dec, 1845. Of 
Birmingham. F.E.S., 1839. Chemist. Had large collections 
of Orchids, &c. Elor. Cab. ; Gent. Mag. n.s. xxv. 324 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. iii. 200. Statue in General Hospital, Birmingham. 
Barkeria Lindl. 

Barker, John Theodore (fl. 1852). Of Bath. * Beauty of 
Flowers,' 1852. Jacks. 43. 

Barnard, Alicia M. (fl. 1845). Of Norwich. Grand-niece (?) 
of Sir J. E. Smith. Pryor, * Flora of Hertfordshire,' xlvii. 

Barrington, Hon. Daines (1727-1800) : b. 1727 ; d. London, 
11 March, 1800 ; bur. in Temple Church. F.E.S. ' Natura- 
lists' Calendar.' Pritz. 14 ; Jacks. 219 ; Felton, 177 ; Baillon, 
i. 372 ; Nich. Illust. v. 582, w. portr. ; vii. 4 ; Nich. Anec. ii. 
553; iii. 3; viii. 424; Gent. Mag. Ixx. 291; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
iii. 286. Barringtonia Eorst. 

Barrow^ Sir John (1764-1848) : b. Dragley Beck, Ulverston, 
Lancashire, 19 June, 1764; d. London, 23 Nov., 1848; bur. 
Camden Town. LL.D. Edin., 1821; E.K.S., 1805; E.L.S., 
1810. Secretary to the Admiralty, 1804. Baronet, 1835. 
Autobiography, 1847. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 38 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. iii. 305. Portr. at Admiralty. Barrowia Dene. 

Barter, Charles (d. 1859) : d. Kabba, W. Africa, 15 July, 1859. 
Niger Expedition, 1857-9. A.L.S., 1858. Large Niger col- 
lection at Kew. Pritz. 14 ; E. S. C. i. 196 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1859-60. Barteria Hook. f. 

Barton, Bei^jamin H. (fl. 1835). E.L.S., 1835. Of Great 
Bissenden. * British Flora Medica,* 1837, with Thos. Castle. 
Pritz. 15'; Jacks. 



12 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Barton, John (fl. 1812-30). Of Chichester. Brother of Bernard 
Barton. * Lecture on the Geography of Plants/ 1827. Pritz. 
15 ; Jacks. 221 ; K. S. C. i. 200. 

Bartoi^ Rev. William (1754 ?-1829) : b. Preston, Lane, 1754 ?; 
d. Lytham, Lane, 21 March, 1829. M.D. Edin. ; B.A. 
Camb., 1795. Incumbent of Samlesbury, Lango, and 
Great Harwood. " An accurate naturalist, botanist, poet." 
Whittle, Hist. Preston, ii. 272. 

Bartram, John (1699-1777) : »b. Marple, Co. Delaware, Penn., 
23 March, 1699 ; d. 1777. ** King's botanist in America," 1765. 
** The greatest natural botanist in the world," Linnaeus. Cor- 
respondent of Sloane, Hill, Ellis, and CoUinson, Phil. Trans. 
1740-1763. Pritz. 15; Medical & Phys. Joum. i. (1804), 
115 ; Memorials, by W. Darlington, 1849. Friends' Books, i. 
201. Loudon, * Arboretum,' 85. Bartramia Hedw. 

Baskerville, Thomas (1812-1840) : b. 26 April, 1812 ; d. Lon- 
don, 1840 (?). M.E.C.S., 1835. Practised at Canterbury. 

* Affinities of Plants,' 1839. Pritz. 16 ; Jacks. 17 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. iii. 369. BasJcervilla Lindl. 

Bateman, Rev. John (fl. 1665 ?-1700) : b. Sittingbourne, Kent, 
1665?. B.A. Oxon, 1687; M.A., 1690. MS. List of Faver- 
sham plants, Hb. Sloane, 317. Pult. ii. 272 ; Jacob, ' PlantsB 
Faver shamienses . * 

Bauchop, J. C. (fl. 1840). Of Edinburgh. Wrote botany 
of Borrowstounness, Linlithgow, for Stat. Ace. Scotl. 

Bauer, Ferdinand (1760-1826) : b. Feldsberg, Austria, 20 Jan., 
1760; d. Hietzing, Vienna, 17 March, 1826. Accom- 
panied Sibthorp to Greece, 1784. Flinders' Expedition, 
1801-5. * Ilustrationes FlorsB Novsb HoUandise,' 1813. 
Lambert's ' Pinus,' 1810-37. Lindley's * Digitalis.' Pritz. 
17 ; Jacks. 898 ; Nich. Illust. vi. 838 ; Ann. & Mag. iv. (1840), 
67 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 1839, 39 ; Journ. Bot. 1843, 106. 

Bauer, Francis (1758-1840): b. Feldsberg, Austria, 4 Oct., 
1758; d. Kew, 11 Dec, 1840; bur. Kew. Brother of pre- 
ceding. F.L.S., 1804; F.E.S., 1820. Came to England, 
1788. Employed as artist by Banks. 'Dehneations of 
Exotic Plants ' . . . , 1796. ' Strelitzia depicta,' 1818. 

* Ergot,' Linn. Trans. 1840. Drawings of both Bauers in 
Dept. Bot. Brit. Mus. Pritz. 17 ; Jacks. 519 ; Gard. Chron. 
1841, 22; Bot. Keg. 1841, p. 85. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 1841, 
101 ; Proc. Eoy. Soc. iv. (1843), 342 ; Ann. & Mag. v. 1840, 
47; vii. 1841, 77, 439. Portr. at Kew. Batiera Banks ex 
Andr. Bot. Eep. (after the brothers). 

Baxter, William (1787-1871) : b. Eugby, Warwick, 15 Jan., 
1787; d. Oxford, 1 Nov., 187L A.L.S.,1817. Curator, Oxford 
Bot. Garden, 1813-51. 'British PhsBnogamous Botany,' 
1834-43. * Stirpes Cryptogamicae Oxonienses,' 1825. 
Plants in Oxford Herbarium. Pritz. 18 ; Jacks. 235 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1871, 380 ; Gard. Chron. 1871, 1426 ; Loud. Gard. Mag. 
X. (1834), 110 ; Druce, ' Flora of Oxfordshire,' 392 ; Fl. War- 
wicksh. 498 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 438. Engr. at Kew, by J. 
Whessell, from drawing by A. Burt. 



i 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 13 

', William (fl. 1823-30) : d. before 1836. Collector in 
South Australia for Clapton Nursery, 1823. Plants in Herb. 
Mus. Brit. E. Brown, Prodr. Fl. Nov. HoU. Suppl. 1830. 
Fl. Tasman. cxxiv. A ** very indefatigable botanic voyager," 
Bot. Mag. 8500. Smith, Kew, 10. Baxteria E. Brown. 

Beale, Rev. John (1603-83 ?) : b. Herefordshire, 1603 ; d. 
Yeovil, Somerset, 1683? B.A. Camb. 1632; M.A., 1656; D.D., 
Eector of Yeovil, 1660; F.E.S., 1663. Correspondent of 
Boyle and Hartlib. Communication respecting vegetation in 
Phil. Trans, iii.-vi. Felton, 21; Nich. Lit. Anecd. i. 447; 
iv. 256; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 1. 

Beaton, Donald (1802-63) : b. Urray, Eoss-shire, 8 March, 
1802 ; d. Surbiton, Surrey, Oct. 1863. Cott. Gard. xiii. 153, 
portr. ; Journ. Hort. v. (1863), 349 and 415, portr. Beatonia 
Herbert. 

Beattie^ James (1735-1803) : b. Laurencekirk, Kincardine, 25 
Oct., 1735 ; d. Aberdeen, 18 Aug., 1803. M.A. Aberdeen, 
1753 ; A.L.S., 1807. Prof., Aberdeen. Added Linncea to 
British Flora, E. B., 433. Life by Sir W. Forbes, 1806; 
Smith, Lett. i. 441-3 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 23. 

Beaufort, Mary, Duchess of [see Somerset] . 

Beaumont^ John (d. 1731) : d. Stone-Easton, Somerset, March, 
1731 ; bur. Stone-Easton. Surgeon. F.K.S., 1685. *Eock- 
plants in the Lead Mines of Mendip Hills.' Sloane MS. 
4037, 128-32 ; Pay, Lett. 262. Gent, Mag. 1731, 34 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. iv. 60. 

Becher, Rev. John Thomas (1770-1848) : b. 1770 ; d. Hill 
House, Southwell, Notts., 3 Jan., 1848. M.A. Oxon, 1795. 
Prebendary of Southwell, 1818. Determined Crocus nvdi- 
florus, E. B. 491. Suggested Ordoyno*s ' Fl. Notting- 
hamiensis.' Gent. Mag. April, 1848 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 
75. 

Becker, Lydia Ernestine (1827-90) : b. Manchester, 24 Feb., 
1827; d. Geneva, 18 July, 1890; bur. Cemetery of St. 
George, Geneva. Lectured on Botany. * Bot. for Novices,' 
1864. Jacks. 45 ; E. S. C. vii. 118 ; Journ. Bot. 1890, 320. 
Portrait by S. J. Dacre. 

Bedford, John, Duke of [see Eussell, John] . 

Beeke, Rev. Henry (1751-1837) : b. Kingsteignton, Devon, 6 
Jan., 1751; d. Torquay, 9 March, 1837. B.A. Oxon, 1773 ; 
D.D., 1800 ; E.L.S., 1800. Dean of Bristol, 1814. Dis^ 
tinguished -Lo^i^s pilosus, and discovered Bupleurum Odontites. 
Gent. Mag. n.s. vol. vii.; Smith MSS. ; *Bot. Guide,' p. 
527-8; Mag. Nat. Hist. (1837), 61, 392; E. B. 1129, 1256, 
1616, 2255, 2468 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 124. 

Beeston, William (1672 ?-1732) : d. Bentley, Suffolk, 4 Dec, 
1732 M.B. Camb., 1692; M.D., 1702. Of Ipswich. 
** Verv curious and knowing in plants," Sherard, Bich. Corr. 
184 ; Nich. Illustr. vi. 879 ; Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 62. 

Bell, Miss (fl. 1832). Sent list of Norfolk pi. to Watson, 
N. B. G. 135. Had a herbarium. Top. Bot. 537. 

Bell, Elizabeth (d. 1876). Of Coldstream, Berwick. Corre- 



14 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

spondent of G. Johnston. Hist. Berw. Field Club, viii. 31. 
AgarictLS BellicB Berk. 

Bell, George (1755-84) : b. Greenhill, Dumfries, 1755 ; d. Man- 
chester, Jan., 1784. M.D. Edinburgh, 1777. * De physiologia 
plantarum,' 1777. Transl., with Memoir, Mem. Manchester 
Soc. ii. 397 ; Baillon, i. 395. 

Belt, Thomas (1832-78) : b. Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1832 ; d. 
Denver, Colorado, 21 Sept., 1878. Traveller. ' Naturalist 
in Nicaragua,' 1874. Contrib. to * Fl. Northumberland and 
Durham.' Jacks. 368: i. 264; vii. 182; E. S. C. ix. 182; 
Gard. Chron. 1878, ii. 478; Trans. Northumb. and Durham, 
vii. 235 ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1878-9, 48 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 204. 

Bennet, Rev. William (d. 1805). Minister of Duddingston, 
1786-1805. Drowned in D. Loch. Art. ' Duddingston,' in 
Sinclair, Stat. Ace. Scotl. xviii. 376, containing account of flora. 

Bennett, Edward (fl. 1852-53). Collected in Cornwall and 
New Forest. Phyt. o.s. iv. 1, 753 ; E. S. C. i. 273 ; Joum. 
Bot. 1872, 223. 

Bennett, Edward Turner (1797-1836) : b. Hackney, London, 
6 Jan. 1797 ; d. 21 Aug., 1836. Elder brother of J. J. Bennett. 
Surgeon. Zoologist. Edited White's Selborne (1837). 
Assisted J. E. Gray in * Nat. Arr. of Brit. PL' Diet. Nat. 
Biog. iv. 241. 

Bennett, Frederick Debell (fl. 1840). F.E.C.S. ; F.E.G.S. 
* Catalogue of Plants collected during the Tuscan's Voyage ' 
in ' Narrative of a Whahng Voyage, 1833-36,' 1840. Pritz. 21. 

Bennett, John Joseph (1801-76) : b. Tottenham, Middlesex, 
8 Jan., 1801; d. Maresfield, Sussex, 29 Feb., 1876. 
M.K.C.S., 1825; F.L.S., 1828; Sec. L.S., 1840-60; F.E.S., 
1841. Assistant- Keeper, Bot. Dep. Brit. Mus., 1827. Keeper, 
1857-70. *Plantae JavanicaB,' 1838-52. Pritz. 21; Jacks. 
521 ; K. S. C. i. 275 ; Joum. Bot. 1876, 97, with portr. ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. iv. 246. Oil-portr. by Eddis and bust by Weekes 
at Linn. Soc, Kew, and Bot. Dep. Brit. Mus. Bennettia K. 
Br. = Cremostachys Tulasne. Bennettia Gray = Saussurea 
DC. Bennettia Miquel. Bennettites (fossil) Carruthers. 

Bennett, John Whitchurch (fl. 1830). F.L.S., 1828. ' Coco- 
nut Pahn,' 1831. Jacks. 208. 

Bennett, William (fl. 1844). Ferns of N. Wales, Phyt. iii. 
709. Discovered Teucrium Botrys, 1844. Id. 737. Fl. 
Herefordsh., pref. 

Benson, Rev- Thomas (1802-87) : b. Cockermouth, Cumber- 
land, Oct., 1802 ; d. Great Fambridge, Essex, 9 June, 1887. 
B.A. Cantab., 1824. Vicar of Great Fambridge, 1832. 
Contributed to Gibson's * Flora of Essex.' Herbarium be- 
queathed to Essex Field Club. 

Bentall, Thomas (fl. 1845-62). Of Halstead, Essex. Manu- 
factured a drying paper. Contributed to Gibson's ' Flora of 
Essex,' and Phyt. ii. and iii. Halstead Plants, Phyt. ii. 
409. K. S. C. i. 280. 

Bentham, George (1800-84) : b. Stoke, near Plymouth, 22 
Sept., 1800; d. London, 10 Sept., 1884. LL.D. Camb., 1874; 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 15 

C.M.G., 1878; RL.S., 1826, Pres., 1861-74; Sec. K. 
Hort. Soc. 1829-40 ; F.E.S., 1862. ' Plant® Hart- 
wegianae/ 1857. * Flora of Hongkong/ 1861. 'Flora 
Australiensis/ 1863-78; * Genera Plantarum,' with J. D. 
Hooker, 1862-83. Herb, at Kew. Pritz. 21 ; Jacks. 21 ; E. 
S. C. i. 280 ; vii. 240 ; ix. 192 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1884, 90, with 
bibliography, 1887-8, 71 ; Journ. Bot. 1884, 353, portr. ; 
Gard. Chron. 1884, ii. 336, 368 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 263. 
Oil portr. by Dickinson at Linn. Soc. Photo, and engr. at 
Kew. Benthamia Lindl. = Cormis. 

Bentinck, Mari^aret Cavendish, Duchess of Portland, 
nSe Harley (1714-85) : b. 1714; d. 1785 ; m. 1734, William. 
2nd Duke of Portland. Had bot. garden and museum at 
Bulstrode. " Well acquainted with English plants," Browne, 
Jamaica, 165. Herbarium purchased by Lambert. Portlandia 
P. Br. 

BenweU, James (1735?-1819) : d. Oxford, 7 Oct., 1819. Em- 
ployed in Oxford Bot. Gard. more than 40 years. Accom- 
panied John Sibthorp on bot. excursions. Portr. by A. E. 
Burt, engr. Skelton. Baxter, Brit. PhsBnog. Bot. vi. 415. 

Berkeley^ Rev. Miles Joseph (1803-89) : b. Biggin, Oundle, 
Northamptonsh., 1 April, 1803 ; d. Sibbertoft, Market Har- 
borough, 30 July, 1889. M.A. Cambridge, 1825; F.L.S., 
1836 ; F.E.S., 1879. Eector of Sibbertoft. Pungi of 
* English Flora,' 1836. ' Decades of Fungi,' 1844-56. * In- 
trod. to Cryptogamic Bot.,' 1857. Contrib. to E. Bot. 
(2754-6, &c., and largely to Gard. Chron. Correspondence 
and drawing of Algse in Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. ; Fungi at Kew. 
Pritz. 24; Jacks. 521; Journ. Bot. 1889, 305; Scott. Nat. 
1889, 145 ; E. S. C. i. 295 ; vii. 144 ; ix. 200 ; Ann. Bot. iii. 
451 (bibliogr.). Oil portr. by Peel at Linn. Soc. Portr. in 
Gard. Chron. 1871, 271, and 1879, i. 788. Portr. Men of 
Eminence, 1864. Berkeleya Grev. 

Berkenhout, John (1726 or 1730-91) : b. Leeds, 1726 or 1730 ; 
d. Besselsleigh, Berks., 3 April, 1791. M.D. Leyden, 1765. 
' Clavis Anglica Linguae Botanicse,' 1764-5 ? * Outlines of 
Nat. Hist, of Great Britain,' 1770-1. Pritz. 24 ; Jacks. 521 ; 
'European Magazine,' 1788, 156; Gent. Mag. Ixi. 388, 485 ; 
Leeds Worthies, 187 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 369. Portr. 1791. 

Berry, Andrew (fl. 1805-19). M.D. Of Madras. Contri- 
buted to Calcutta Garden. Eriend of Eoxburgh. Koxburgh, 
' Coromandel Plants,' 1819, iii. 60 ; ' Account of Columbo 
Boot,' Asiatic Kesearches, x. 335. K. S. C. i. 307. Berria 
Eoxb. = Berrya DC. 

Bettany, Geori^e Thomas (1850-91): b. 1850; d. Dulwich, 
2 Dec, 1891. M.A. Camb. ; B.Sc. Lond. ; E.L.S., 1880. 
Lecturer on bot. , Guy's Hospital, 1877-86. * Practical Botany, * 
1881. E. S. C. vii. 165 ; ix. 231. * Eeview of Eeviews,' v. 
56, w. portr. Athenaeum, 1891, ii. 767. 

Biddulph, Susanna (fl. 1790-1808). Of Southampton. Con- 
tributed AlgaB to E. Bot. (1762, &c.). Biddulphia Gray = 
Conferva Biddulphiana Sm. 



16 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

BlchenOj James Ebenezer (1785-1851) : b. Newbury, Berks, 
1785 ; d. Hobart Town, Tasmania, 25 Feb., 1851. F.L.S., 
1812. Sec. L.S., 1824-1832. Colon. Sec, Van Diemen's 
Land, 1842. Contrib. to E. B., 2631, 2675, 2680. Herb, at 
E. Institution, Swansea. Pritz. 27 ; Jacks. 17 ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. ii. 181 ; E. S. C. i. 358 ; Gent. Mag. xxxvi. n.s. ; * Annual 
Eegister,' 1851 ; Phyt. i. 105 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 1. Oil 
portr. by Eddis at Linn. Soc. Bichenia D. Don. 

Bidwill, John Came (1815-53) : b. Exeter, Devon, 1815 ; d. 
Tinana, Wide Bay, New South Wales, 1853. Superintendent 
Sydney Bot. Gard. * Eambles in New Zealand,' 1841. 
Plants at Kew. Pritz. 27 ; Joum. Bot. 1853, 252 ; E. S. C. 
i. 360; Gard. Chron. 1853, 438; 1856, 20; Smith, Kew, 
67. Fl. Tasmania, cxxvi. ; Ann. & Mag. viii. 1842, 438 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1853 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 18. BidwilUa Herb. 

Bii^i^e^ Rev. John Frederick (1814-85) : b. Linden, North- 
umberland, 12 July, 1814 ; d. Newcastle, 28 Feb., 1885 ; bur. 
Stamfordham, Northumb. Vicar of Stamfordham. B.A. 
Durham, 1839. A founder of Tyneside Nat. Club : President, 
1847. Herbarium presented to Nat. Hist. Soc. Mus., New- 
castle. Hist. Berw. Nat. Club, xi. 207. 

Bii^sby^ John Jeremiah (1793-1881) : b. Nottingham, 14 Aug., 
1793; d. London, 10 Feb., 1881. Geologist. M.D. Edin., 
1814 ; F.L.S., 1823 ; F.E.S., 1869. ' Flora and Fauna of the 
Silurian/ 1868. * Flora and Fauna of the Devonian and 
Carboniferous,' 1878. Jacks. 522; Journ. Bot. 1881, 96; 
Proc. Geol. Soc. 1880-81, 39 ; Proc. Eoy. Soc. xxxiii. p. xvi. ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 27. 

Binfield, Rev. Edward (d. before 1813). A.L.S. Of Spetis- 
bury, Dorset. List of Dorset plants incorporated in Pul- 
teney's ' Catalogue,' ed. ii. (p. 62). 

Bingley, Rev. William (1774-1823) : b. Doncaster, 1774 ; d. 
London, 11 March, 1823; bur. Bloomsbury Church. B.A. 
Camb., 1799; M.A., 1803; F.L.S., 1800. 'Flora of the 
Snowdonian Mountains,' 1798-1801, in Appendix to Jones' 

* Illustrations of the Scenery,' 1829. * Practical Introduction 
to Botany,' 1817. Pritz. 27 ; Jacks. 522 ; Mag. Zool. Bot. 
ii. 170 ; Bot. Guide, 166 ; E. Bot., 663, 673, 675 ; Gent. 
Mag. 1823 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 55. 

Binney, Edward William (1812-81) : b. Morton, Notts., 1812 ; 
d. Manchester, 19 Dec, 1881. F.G.S., 1853; F.E.S., 1856. 

* Sigillaria,' 1858, &c. Jacks. 181 ; E. S. C. ix. 243 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. V. 56. Portr. at Manchester Lit. and Phil. Soc. 

Bird, Frederick John (d. 1874) : d. 28 April, 1874. A.L.S., 
1840; F.L.S., 1862. M.D. Brother of next. ' The artificial 
arrangement of British Plants,' Mag. Nat. Hist. ii. 1838, 
604. 

Bird, Goldini^ (1814-54) : b. Downham, Norfolk, 9 Dec, 1814; 
d. Tunbridge WeUs, 27 Oct., 1854. M.D. St. Andrews, 1838; 
M.A., 1840; F.L.S., 1836; F.E.S. Contrib. to Irvine's 

* London Flora.' Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 404. Mag. Nat. 
Hist. ii. 1838 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 74. 



I 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 17 

Bishop, David (1788-1849): b. Scone, Perth? c. 1788; d. 
Malone, Belfast, 4 Aug., 1849. Curator, Belfast Bot. Gard., 
1830. * Causal Botany,' 1829. Pritz. 28; Jacks. 68; Cott. 
Gard. ii. 306. 
Black, Allan A. (1832-65) : b. Forres, Morayshire, 1832 ; d. in 
Bay of Bengal, 4 Dec, 1865; bur. Table Island, in Cocos 
group. A.L.S., 1858. Apprenticed at Dunkeld. Kew 
gardener. Curator of Kew Herbaria. Supt. Bot. Gard., 
Bangalore. List of Japan plants in * Bonplandia,' and 
contrib. to Hodgson's * Japan ' and * Treasury of Botany.* 
Pritz. 28; Gard. Chron. 1866, 102; Journ. Bot. 1866, 64. 
Proc. L. Soc. 1865-6, Ivi. Allanblackia, Oliver. 
Blackbume^ Anne (1740-93): b. Orford Hall, Warrington, 
1740 ; d. Fairfield, Warrington, 30 Dec, 1793. Daughter of 
following. Correspondent of Linnaeus. Silhouette and 
notice in Kendrick's * Profiles of Warrington Worthies.' 
Gent. Mag. Ixiv. 180 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 121. Blackbumia 
Forst. 
Blackburn, or Blackbume, John (1690-1786) : b. 1690 ; d. 20 
Dec, 1786. Of Orford, Lancashire. Built first hot-house in 
north of England and first ripened pine-apples. Catalogue of his 
garden by Adam Neal, published 1779. Loudon * Arboretum,' 
66 ; Rich. Corr. xxx. 324 ; Gent. Mag. Ivii. 204 ; Diet. Nat. . 
Biog. V. 123. Blackbumia Forst. 
Blackstone, John (d. 1753) : Apothecary. Of Fleet Street, 
London. * Fasciculus pi. circa Harefield . . . ,' 1737. 
* Specimen Botanicum,* 1746. MS. in Herb. Sloane, 317. 
Pritz. 28 ; Jacks. 523 ; Fl. Midd. 389-91 ; Rich. Corr. 351-5 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 132. Print in Hope Collection. Black- 
stonia Hudson = Chlora L. 
Blackwell, Alexander (c 1709-47) : b. Aberdeen ?, circ. 1709 ; 
beheaded, Stockholm, 9 Aug., 1747. Printer. Of Chelsea. 
Husband of following : abridged Miller's * Botanicum 
Officinale ' for her * Herbal.' Gent. Mag. 1747, 424-6 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. V. 142. 
Blackwell; Elizabeth (c 1700-47) : b. Aberdeen, c 1700 ; d. 
London (?) after 1747. ' A Curious Herbal,' cuts drawn, 
engr. and col. by herself, 1737-9. Pult. ii. 251 ; Pritz. 28 ; 
Jacks. 31 ; Gent. Mag. xvii. ; Bruce's * Eminent Men of 
Aberdeen,* 307 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 144. Blackwellia 
Comm. 
Blair^ Patrick (d. 1728): b. Dundee, Scotland; d. Boston, 
Lincohash. ?, 1728. M.D. F.E.S. Practised at Dundee, 
London, and (fr. 1720) Boston. Out in the '15 ; but par- 
doned through Sloane. 'Botanick Essays,' 1720. *Phar- 
maco-botanologia,' 1723-8. Pult. ii. 134-140 ; Eees ; Pritz. 
28 ; Jacks. 523 ; Sloane MSS. 4038 ; Biog. Univ. ; Chalmers ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 163. Blceria L. 
Blake, John Bradby (1745-73) : b. London, 4 Nov., 1745; d. 
Canton, 16 Nov., 1773. Supercargo to H.E.I.C. Sent many 
plants and seeds to Europe. Vol. of drawings in Bot. Dept. 
Brit. Mus. made by a Chinese instructed by him. Trans. 

3 



18 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Linn. Soc. i. 172. Pritz. 28 ; Gent. Mag. 1776, xlix. 348 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 170. Wedgwood medallion. 
Blandford; Geori^e^ Marquis of [see Spenceb-Ghubghill, 

Geobge] . 
Blane, Sir Gilbert, Bart. (1749-1834) : b. Blanefield, co. Ayr, 
29 Aug., 1749 ; d. London, 26 June, 1834. M.D. Glasgow, 
1778. F.E.S. Physician to the fleet. Baronet, 1812. 
* Nardus indica' ; Phil. Trans. 1790, Ixxx. 284. Proc. E. S. 
iii. 303 ; Munk, ii. 325 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 202. Portr. by 
Shee at Eoy. Coll. Physicians. 
Bligh, William (1753-4-1817) : b. Tinten, Cornwall?, 1753-4 ; 
d. London, 7 Dec, 1817 ; bur. Lambeth Churchyard. 
Captain of 'Bounty.' Introd. bread-fruit to W. Indies. 
Admiral, 1811. F.E.S. 1801. Governor of New South 
Wales, 1805. Sent some hundreds of plants from E. & W. 
Indies to Kew. Ann. Bot. ii. 570 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 219. 
Blighia Koenig. 
Blinkworth, Richard (fl. 1830). Collected at Kumaon. Cor- 
respondent of WaUich. Blinhworthia Choisy. 
Blozam, Rev. Andrew (1801-78) : b. Eugby, 22 Sept., 1801 ; 
d. Harborough Magna, Leicester, 2 Feb., 1878. Eector of 
Twycross, Leicestershire, and afterwards of Harborough. 
Visited S. America as naturaUst to the * Blonde,' 1824-5 
(Mag. Nat. Hist. 1831, 145). *Bot. of Twycross,' Phyt. 
*Bot. of Chamwood Forest,' w. Ch. Babington, in Potter's 
History. E. B. 2854, 2944. Critical in Buhi and Ficngi. 
Fungi and MSS. in Herb. Mus. Brit. Jacks. 523 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1878, 96 ; Gard. Chron. 1878, i. 311 ; Fl. Warwicksh. 
501 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 264. Water-colour by Turner of 
him and brothers at funeral of their uncle, Sir T. Lawrence, 
in Nat. Gallery. 
Bobart, or Bobert, Jacob (1597-8-9-1680) : b. Brunswick, 
1597-8-9 ; d. Oxford, 4 Feb., 1680 ; bur. St. Peter's-in-the- 
East, Oxford. Father of following. Superintendent, Oxford 
Bot. Gard., 1632. *Catalogus . . . Oxoniensis,' 1648, 2nd 
ed., with Stephens and Browne, 1658. Pult. i. 312 ; Jacks. 
415; Pritz. 30; Biog. Sketch by H. T. Bobart, 1884; 
Felton, 108; Journ. Hort. 1876, 364, with portr.; Wood, 
Fasti, ii. 189 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 285. Oil portr. by D. 
Loggan, 1675, at Linn. Soc. ; engr. by Burghers ; engr. at 
Kew. Bohartia L. 
Bobart, Jacob (1640-1-1719): b. Oxford, 2 Aug., 1641; d. 
Oxford, 28 Dec, 1719; bur. St. Peter's-in-the-East, Oxford. 
Succeeded preceding in 1680 as Superintendent of Bot. 
Gard., and in 1684, after Morison, Prof. Bot. Oxford. Pub- 
lished Morison's * Historia,' vol. iii. 1699. Herbarium in 12 
vols, at the Bot. Garden, Oxford. Pult. i. 312 ; Biog. 
Sketch by H. T. Bobart, 1884 ; Grey's Hudibras ; Eich. 
Corr. 10, 152; Nich. lUustr. i. 342, 357, 361; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. V. '286. Oil portr. at Oxford Bot. Gard. Engr. in 
* Oxford Almanack,' 1719. Bohartia L. 
Bohler, John (1796-1872) : b. South Wingfield, Derbyshire, 31 



k 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 19 

Dec, 1797 ; d. Sheffield, 24 Sept., 1872. ** Simpler and field 
botanist." * Lichenes Britannici,' 1835-7. ' Flora of Koche 
Abbey' in Aveling's * Koche Abbey,' 1870. * Flora of Sher- 
wood Forest ' in White's * Worksop,' 1875. Pritz. 32; Jacks. 
243 ; Joum. Bot. 1872, 384 ; Naturahst, iv. 206 (1838-9) ; 
Pharmaceut. Journ. 3rd ser. iii. 394;fEeliquary, xi. (1871) 
212 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 304. Lecidea Bohleri, 

Bohn, Henry Geori^e (1796-1884) : b. London, 4 Jan., 1796 ; 
d. Twickenham, 22 Aug., 1884. Bookseller and Publisher. 
Edited Gordon's 'Pinetum,' 1880. Jacks. 524; Gard. 
Chron. 1884, ii. 283 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 304. 

BoUar, or Bollard, Nicholas, (fl. 1500?). Of Oxford. '* A 
Tretee of Nicholas Bollard departed in three parties : 1. Of 
gendryng of Trees, 2 of gralfynge, the third forsoth of 
altracions." MSS. Cotton MS., Jul. D. viii. 11 ; Addit. 
MS. 5467. Pult. i. 23-24 ; Haller i. 232 ; Tanner Bibl. Brit. 
110 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 324. 

Bolton, James (fl. 1775-95).' Of Halifax. * Filices Britannicse,' 
1785-90. * History of Funguses about Halifax,' 1788-91. 
Plants in Watson's History of Halifax, 1775. Drew plates 
for Eelhan's ' Fl. Cantabrigiensis.' Pritz. 33 ; Jacks. 524 ; 
Monthly Eeview, vols. Ixxvi., Ixxix. and 2nd ser. viii. ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. V. 327. 

Booth, Thomas J. (fl. 1853). Nephew of Nuttall. Collected 
seeds of Khododendrons in Assam and Bhotan. Journ. Bot. 
1853, 353. Bot. Mag. 6, 7149. Bhododendron Boothii Nutt 

Booth, William Beattie (c. 1804-74) : b. Perthshire, c. 1804 
d. London (?), 18 June, 1874. A.L.S., 1825. At Chiswick 
1824-30. Assistant Secretary E. Hort. Soc. from 1858-74 
' Illustrations of CamellieaB,* 1831. Contributed to * Bot 
Register,' &c. Gard. Chron. 1874, i. 838 ; Proc. Linn. Soc 
1874-5, xxxvii. 

Boott, Francis (1792-1863) : b. Boston, Mass., 26 Sept., 1792 
d. London, 25 Dec, 1863. M.D. Edin., 1824; E.L.S., 1819. 
Sec. L.S., 1832-39; Treas., 1856; V.P., 1861. Lecturer 
on Bot., Webb St. School of Medicine, 1825. * Illustrations 
of the Genus Carex,' 1858-67. Massachusetts pi. in Hooke- 
rian Herb., Kew. Pritz. 35 ; Jacks. 524 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1864, xxiii ; Gard. Chron. 1864, 51 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 393. 
Oil copy of portr. by Gambardella and photo, at Linn. Soc. 
Portr. at Kew. 

Borlase, Rev. William (1696-1772) : b. Pendeen, Cornwall, 2 
Feb., 1696; d. Ludgvan, 31 Aug., 1772. M.A. Oxon., 1719. 
Ordained, 1719. D.C.L. Oxon., 1766; F.E.S., 1751. 
Kector of Ludgvan, 1722. * Natural History of Cornwall,' 
1758. Pult. i. 355-6 ; Nich. Anecd. iii. 78, 689 ; v. 291-3 ; 
Nich. lUustr. iv. 227, 445, 460, 468 ; Gent. Mag. Ixxiii., pt. ii., 
1114-7 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 398. 

Borrer, William (1781-1862) : b. Henfield, Sussex, 13 June, 
1781; d. Henfield, 10 Jan., 1862. F.L.S., 1805; F.E.S., 
1835. Had a salicetum. Contrib. largely to E. Bot. 
* English Botany Supplement.' ' Lichenographia Brit.' (w. 



20 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Dawson Turner). B. G. 599. Herb, at Kew. Pritz. 36 ; 
Jacks. 525; Journ. Bot. 1863-81; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1862, 
Ixxxv. ; E. S. C. i. 499 ; Phyt. vi. 70 ; Lower, * Worthies of 

Sussex,' 1865, 71 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. v. 406. Portr. 

at Kew. Borrera G. W. Meyer = Spermacoce. Borreria 

Acharius. 
Boswarva^ J- (fl. 1860). Algologist. Of Plymouth. Cat. Plymouth 

AlgsB in Eept. Plymouth Institution, 1861-2. E. S. C. ix. 301. 
Boswellj John Thomas Irvine, ne Syme, and afterwards 

Boswell-Syme (1822-88) : b. Edinburgh, 1 Dec, 1822 ; d. 

Balmuto, Fife, 29 Jan., 1888 ; bur. Kinghorn, Fife. LL.D., 

St. Andrew's, 1875; F.L.S., 1854. Curator, Bot. Soc. Edin., 

1850 ; Bot. Soc. London, 1851. Lecturer at Charing Cross 

and Westminster Hospitals. ' English Botany,' ed. 3, 1863— 

1872. Jacks. 525 ; Proc. L. Soc. 1887-8, 84 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. 

Ed. xvii. 516 ; Ann. Bot. ii. (1889) 430 (w. bibliog.) ; E. S. C. 

V. 904 ; viii. 1051 ; ix. 301 ; Journ, Bot. 1888, 82. Portr. 

lUustr. Lond. News, 11 Feb., 1888. Symea Baker = Solaria. 
Bowdich, Thomas Edward (1790-1824) : b. Bristol, 20 June, 

1791 ; d. Bathurst, Gambia, 10 Jan., 1824. African traveller. 

Cape Coast Castle, 1814. * Mission to Ashantee,' 1819. 

* Excursion to Madeira,* 1825. Pritz. 37 ; Jacks. 525 ; 

Baillon, i. 481 ; Vallot, 'Flore du Senegal,' 13; Gent. Mag. 

1824, i. 279 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 41. Bowdichia H.B.K. 
Bowdich, Mrs. T. E. [see Lee, Mrs. E.]. 
Bowerbank, James Scott (1797-1877) : b. London, 14 July, 

1797 ; d. 8 March, 1877. LL.D. ; F.L.S., 1845 ; F.E.S., 

1842. Lectured on botany, 1822-24. * Fossil Fruits of the 

London Clay,' 1840. Had 100,000 fossil plants from Sheppey, 

now in Brit. Mus. Pritz. 37 ; Jacks. 182 ; E. S. C. i. 553 ; vii. 

237; ix. 325; * Portraits of Men of Eminence,' 1864; Trans. 

Bot. Soc. Edin. xiii. 123 ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1877-8, 36 ; Geol. 

Mag. 1877, 91 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 53. Photo, at Linn. Soc. 
Bowle^ James (d. 1869) : b. London; d. Cape of Good Hope, 

30 June, 1869. At Kew, 1810. Sent to Brazil with Allan 

Cunningham, 1814-17, and to the Cape, 1817-23, and 

again in 1827. Superintendent of Baron Ludwig's garden 

at Cape. Plants in Herb. Brit. Mus. Drawings at Kew. 

Pritz. {suh Pritchard) 253, n. 7343 ; Journ. Bot. 1830, 20 ; 

1889, 93 ; Card. Chron. 1881, ii. 568 ; Hook. Exot. Fl. 227 ; 

Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 65. Boioiea Harvey. Bowiesia Grev. = 

Delissea Lamx. 
Bowles^ Geori^e^ or Bowie (fl. 1604-50) : b. Chislehurst, Kent, 

1604 ?. M.D. Leyden, 1640; F.E.C.P., 1664. First 

found Impatiens Noli-me-tangeref Ger. emac, 446. Pult. i. 

136 ; Parkinson, ' Theatrum,' 297, 954 ; How, * Phytologia ; ' 

Ger. emac, pref. And passim. Munk, i. 332. 
Bowles, William (1705-80) : b. near Cork, 1705 ; d. Madrid, 
25 Aug., 1780. Travelled in France and Spain from 1740. 
' Introducion a la historia natural . . . de Espana,' 1775. 
Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 69. Bowiesia Euiz & Pavon. 
Bowman, David (1838-68) : b. Arniston, Edinburgh, 3 Sept.,. 



BBITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 21 

1838; d. Bogota, 25 June, 1868; bur. British Cemetery, 
Bogota. Foreman at Chiswick. Introduced Cyanophyllum 
Bowmani, &c. Journ. Hort. xv. 1868, 172 ; Gard. Chron. 
1868, 924, 942. 

Bowman j Edward McArthur (d. 1872-3?). Of Queensland. 
Di^QovQXQdiBicinocarj^usBowmanii, &c.Gard. Chron. 1873, 177. 

Bowman^ John Eddowes (1785-1841) : b. Nantwich, Cheshire, 
30 Oct., 1785; d. Manchester, 4 Dec, 1841. Banker, of 
Wrexham. F.L.S., 1828. 'Fossil Trees discovered near 
Manchester,' Trans. Geol. Soc. 1841. Discovered Cuscuta 
Epilinum, E. B. 2850. Pritz. 37 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 135 ; K. 
S. C. i. 553; ix. 325; Mem. Lit. Phil. Soc. Manchester, 
1846; Top. Bot. 539; N. B. G. 209, 244; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
vi. 73. Bowmania Gardn. 

Bowman, R. B. (d. 1882) : d. Newcastle, 24 Nov., 1882. Of 
Newcastle, and Kichmond, Yorkshire. Correspondent of 
H. C. Watson. Trans. Nhumb. & Durham, viii. 209. E. B. 
2678, 2737, 2887. Herb, at Newcastle-on-Tyne. Mag. Zool. 
Bot. i. (1837) 205 ; Top. Bot. ed. i. 519 ; Johnston Corr 17. 

Bowrini^, Sir John (1792-1872): b. Exeter, 17 Oct., 1792; d. 
Exeter, 23 Nov., 1872. Linguist. Editor 'Westminster 
Eeview.' M.P. LL.D., Groningen, 1829. Knighted, 1854. 
F.K.S; F.L.S., 1820. 'Autobiographical Eecollections,' 
1877 ; Journ. Bot. 1853, 237 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 76. Photo, 
portr. in ' Men of Eminence,' 1866. Bowringia Hook.(= 
Brainea J. Sm.), to him and his son, John C. Bowring. 

Bradbury, Henry (1831-60): b. 1831; d. 2 Sept., 1860. 
Printer. PubUshed Moore and Lindley's * Ferns,' 1855. 
* British Sea-weeds.* Jacks. 240; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 150. 

Bradbury, John (fl. 1805-17). Contributed Cheshire localities 
to Bot. Guide (109). Collector in N. America for Liverpool 
Bot. Garden, 1809-11. Louisiana plants described by 
Pursh (Fl. Amer. Sept. xvii. and supplement), also in Herb. 
Liverpool Bot. Garden. Journal of travels, 1817. Short, 
'Western Botany,' 12; Torr. and Gray, Fl. N. Amer. ii. 
250; Naturalist, iv. 397 (1839). Bradburia Torr. and Gray. 

Bradley, Henry (fl. 1779). Collected in China, 1779. Plants 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. 

Bradley, Richard (d. 1732) : d. Cambridge, 5 Nov., 1732. 
F.E.S., 1720. Prof. Bot. Cambridge, 1724. 'Hist. PI. 
Succulentarum,' 1716-27. * Dictionarium Botanicum,' 
1728, &c. Pult. ii. 129-134; Eees; Pritz. 38; Jacks. 525; 
Phil. Trans, xxix. 486, 490; Nich. Anec. i. 446-451, 709; 
Cott. Gard. v. 93 ; Baillon, i. 487 ; Haller, Bibl. Bot. ii. 133 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1732, 1082 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 172. Bradlea 
Adanson = Apios Moench. BradUzia Necker :=: Siler Scop. 
Bradleia Banks = Glochidion, 

Bradshaui^h (fl. 1640). Of Lancashire. Sent Eubus Ghavm- 
mortis to Parkinson. * Theatr.' 1015. 

Brand, William (1807-69) : b. Blackhouse, Peterhead, 1807 ; 
d. 15 Oct., 1869. W.S., 1834. Pupil of Graham at Edin- 
burgh, 1830-1. Orig. Memb. Bot. Soc. Edin. 1836 ; Trans. 



22 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1836. Found Astragalus alpinus, 1831. Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. X. 284. 

Brass, William (il. 1790). Collected 250 species at Cape Coast 
for Banks, Fothergill, and Pitcairn. Plants in Herb. Brit. 
Mus. Brassia Br. 

Bray, John (fl. 1400). Physician. Pensioned by Eichard II. 
* Synonyma de nominibus Herbarum,' Sloane MS. 282, 24. 
Pult. i. 22 ; Jacks. 601 ; Haller i. 219 ; Tanner, Bibl. Brit. 
122 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 237. 

Braylsford, James (fl. 1700). " A Turkey merchant." Gave 
four books of Palestine plants collected by himself to 
Petiver. Mus. Pet. 79. H.S. 183. 

Bree, Rev. Robert Francis (d. 1830 or 1847?). Of Camber- 
well, and afterwards of Chichester. F.L.S., 1815 ; A.L.S., 
1827. ** Qui primus animum illustrissimi E. Brown capitulis 
dioicis Serratulae tinctoriae adtendit." E. Bot. 2809, 2934. 
Herbarium presented to a Society at Boulogne, Phyt. ii. 3. 
Breea Lessing = Serratula arvensis L. 

Bree, Rev. WilUam (fl. 1770-1820). Father of foUowing. 
Contrib. to Purton's ' Midland Flora ' and drew plates for it 
{Lycoperdon, &c.). Midi. Fl. Appx. pref. vii. 

Bree, Rev. William Thomas (1787-1863) : b. Coleshill, War- 
wick, 1787 ; d. AUesley, Warwick, 1863. B.A. Oxon, 1808 ; 
M.A., 1816. Eector of Allesley. * NugsB HelveticsB,' 1856. 
Contributed to Phytologist, Mag. Nat. Hist., Ann. & Mag., 
Midland Flora, N. B. G. 181, Fl. Warw. 497, Top. Bot. 
539, E. B. 2626, 2653, 2724. Discovered Lastrea rigida. 

F. L. Colvile, ' Worthies of Warwickshire ; ' E. S. C. i. 593 ; 
Joum. Bot. 1863, 160; Mag. Nat. Hist. 1831, 29, 162; Ann. 
& Mag. vi. (1841), 401 ; Pref. to Haworth's * Saxifragarum,' 

• • • 

xni. 

Brewer, Samuel (before 1700 ?-c. 1742) : b. Trowbridge, Wilts ; 
d. Bierley, Bradford, Yorkshire, after 1742 ; bur. Cleck- 
Heaton, Yorkshire. Lived at Bangor, and from 1727 in 
Yorksh. Became gardener to Duke of Beaufort at Badminton. 
Collected for Dillenius. Wrote MS. * Botanical Journey 
through Wales ' (in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus.). Discovered 
Dianthtis ccesius. Herb, bought for £20 by Eichard Eichard- 
son, jun. Pult. ii. 188-9 ; Pritz. 40 ; Eich. Corr. ; Nich. 
lUust. i. 261, 288 ; Cash, 5 ; Baker, ' Fathers of Yorkshire 
Botany ' ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 295. Breweria E. Br. 

Brichan, Rev. James B. (fl. 1844). Of Banchory, Aberdeen. 
Frequent contributor to Phyt. i. Eoss-shire plants in N. B. 

G. 508. 

Brickell, John (fl. 1730-45). M.D. * Nat. Hist. N. Carolina,' 
Dublin, 1737. Cat. American plants and trees, Dublin, 1745. 
Sent plants to Muhlenberg, Elliott, Bot. Carolina, ii. 290. 
Brickellia Ell. 

Bridges, Thomas (1807-65) : b. Lilly, Herts, 22 May, 1807 ; d. 
in the Pacific, 9 Nov., 1865 ; bur. Lone Mt. Cemetery, San 
Francisco. Son-in-law of Hugh Cuming. Kew Collector in 
Chili, Peru, Bolivia, and California, 1827-65. F.L.S. Intro- 



BBITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 23 

duced Victoria regia, Pritz. 40 ; Proc. California Acad. Nat. 

Sci. iii. 1866, 236 ; E. S. C. vii. 259 ; Gard. Chron. 1865, 1226 ; 
Joum. Bot. 1834, 177 ; 1837, 64 ; 1845, 571 ; 1866, 64 ; Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin. viii, Bridgesia Hook. = Polyachyrus Lag. 

Bridgesia Hook. & Arn. = Ercilla A. Juss. Bridgesia 

Camb. 
'Bvi^^Bj Thomas Richard Archer (1836-91) : b. Fursdon, nr. 

Plymouth, 7 May, 1836 ; d. Fursdon, 23 Jan., 1891 ; bur. 

Egg Buckland. F.L.S., 1872. Critical British botanist, 

especially Eossb and Kubi. * Flora of Plymouth,' 1880. 

Numerous papers in Joum. Bot. from 1863. Jacks. 258 ; B. 

S. C. vii. 259 ; ix. 349 ; Top. Bot. 539 ; Journ. Bot. 1891, 97 

(portr.). Bulms Briggsii H. C. Wats. 
Brightwell, Thomas (1787-1868); b. Ipswich, 18 March, 

1787 ; d. Norwich, 17 Nov. 1868 ; bur. the Eosary, Norwich. 

SoUcitor and Mayor of Norwich. F.L.S., 1821. * Faima 

Infusoria for East Norfolk,' 1848. * Triceratium,' 1853. 

' Memorials,' 1869. Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 340. 
Brittain, Thomas (1806-84): b. Sheffield, 2 Jan., 1806; d. 

Urmston, Lancashire, 23 Jan., 1884. President, Manchester 

Microscop. Soc, 1882. ' Micro-fimgi,' 1882. Portr. in Trans. 

Manchester Micr. Soc. 1891. Gard. Chron. 1854, i. 155 ; 

Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 359. 
Brodie, James (fl. 1800). M.P. Of Brodie, Elgin. Discovered 

Moneses. F.L.S., 1795; F.E.S. . Algologist. E. B. 146, 

1966, 2589, &c. Turn. Fuci, ii. 2. Harvey, Phyc. Brit. t. xx. 

Greville, Algae Brit. vi. Herbarium given to Walker Arnott. 

" Friend and patron " of Smith. ** Discoverer of many new 

British plants," E. B. 1966. Brodiaa Sm. = Hookera Salisb. 
Brodigan^p Thomas (fl. 1830). Of Pilltown, Meath. * Botani- 
cal, Historical . . . Treatise on the Tobacco Plant,' 1830. 
Bromfield, WiUiam Arnold (1801-51); b. Boldre, Hants, 

1801 ; d. Damascus, 9 Oct. 1851 ; bur. Damascus. M.D. 

Glasgow, 1823; F.L.S., 1836. * Flora Vectensis,' 1856. 

Travelled on Continent, Ireland, West Indies, North America, 

and Egypt. Distinguished Calamintha sylvatica, Contrib. 

to E. Bot. (2812, 2863, 2897) and Phytol. Herbarium at Isle 

of Wight Philos. Soc, Kyde. MSS. bot. library, and N. 

American and Egyptian plants at Kew. Pritz. 41 ; Jacks. 

254, 350; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 182; Phyt. iv. pref . ; E. S.C.i. 

644; Journ. Bot. 1851, 373; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 398. Engr. 

portr. at Linn. Soc. and at Kew, and in *.Flora Vectensis.' 

Brovifeldia Neck. 
Bromhead, Sir Edward Thomas Ffi*enchj Bart. (1789- 

1855) : b. Dublin, 26 March, 1789 ; d. Thurlby HaU, Newark, 

14 March, 1855. M.A. Camb., 1815; F.L.S., 1844; F.E.S., 

1817. * Botanical Alliances,' Edin. Philos. Journ., April, 

1838. * Affinities of Lythracece ' . . . . Mag. Nat. Hist. ii. 

1838, 210 ; iv. 1840, 329. Pritz. 41 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 405 ; 

E. S. C. i. 644 ; Boase. Bromheadia Lindl. 
Brookes, Richard (fl. 1720-63). M.D. Practised in Surrey 

and travelled in Africa and America. * Nat . Hist. Chocolate,' 



24 BIOGBAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

1725, ed. ii. 1730. * Nat. Hist. Vegetable? 1763. Jacks. 
33 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 436. 
BrookshaWy Geori^e (fl. 1812). Artist. * Pomona Britannica/ 
1812. Some plates are stated to be by the next. Pritz. 42. 
Brookshaw, Richard (fl. 1736-1804) : b. circ. 1736 ; d. circ. 
1804. Artist. * Pomona Britannica,' 1804. Eedgrave's 
Diet, of Artists, 1878 ; Bryan ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 440. 
Broome, Christopher Edmund (1812-86) : b. Berkhampstead, 
Herts, 24 July, 1812; d. Holborn, 15 Nov. 1886. M.A. 
Camb., 1836. F.L.S., 1866. Mycologist. Herbarium in Mus. 
Brit. Pritz. 42 ; Journ. Bot. 1887, 148 ; E. S. C. i. 656, vii. 
274, ix. 366 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1886-7, 34. Broom&ia Berk. 

Broui^hton, Arthur (d. 1796 or 1803 ?) ; d. Jamaica, 1796 or 
1803? Of Bristol. M.D. Edin., 1779. 'Enchiridion 
Botanicum,' 1782. * Hortus Eastensis,' 1792. ' Cat. of the 
. . . Bot. Garden of Liguanea,' 1794. Herb, in City Library, 
King Street, Bristol. Pritz. 42 ; Jacks. 627 ; Baillon, i. 499 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 459. Broughtonia E. Br. 

Brown (e ?), Alexander (fl. 1700). Surgeon in E. Indies. 
Correspondent of Plukenet. Discovered new plants in East 
Indies and at the Cape. Pult. ii. 62-3 ; Pritz. 44 ; Pluk. 
Mant. 69. Eriocephalos Bruniades Pluk. = Brunia L. 

Brown, Geori^e Dransfield (c. 1828-85) : b. circ. 1828 ; d. 
EaUng, Middlesex, 17 July, 1885. M.K.C.S. P.L.S., 1876. 
Practised at Ealing. Microscopist and cryptogamist. Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1883-6, 138. 

Brown, John (d. 1851): d. Boston, 30 Jan. 1851. M.D. Of 
Boston, Lincolnshire. F.L.S., 1826. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 132. 

Brown, John (d. 1873) : d. Edinburgh, July, 1873. Sec. Edin. 
Nat. Eield Club. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xi. 427, 470 ; xii. 
19 ; K. S. C. vii. 278. 

Brown, John WilUam (1834-59): b. Otley, Yorks., 1834; d. 
Otley, 19 Aug., 1859. Had a herbarium. Parkinson's ' Lays 
and Leaves of the Forest,' 252. * Leeds Mercury,' 18 May, 
1889. 

Brown, John Wright (1836-63) : b. Edinburgh, 19 Jan. 1836 ; 
d. Edinburgh, 23 March, 1863. Assistant in Edinburgh 
Herbarium. Associate Bot. Soc. Edin. ' List of Plants in 
Elie, Fife,' in Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. vii. 519. Diet. Nat. 
Biog. vii. 21. 

Brown, Rev- Littleton (b. 1699) : b. Bishop's Castle, Salop, 
1699. M.A. Oxon, 1722 ; F.E.S. Of Shropshire. ** An in- 
genious young clergyman," Dillenius, 'Historia Muscorum.' 
Letters to Dillenius and plants in Oxford Bot. Gard. Library 
and Herbarium. Eich. Corr. 233; Linn. Corr., ii. 145. 

Brown, P. J. (d. 1842) : d. Thun, Switzerland, 1842. Colonel. 
Lived at Eichenbiihl, Thun, from 1822-1842. F.B.S.Ed., 
1838. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1833, 469; Catalogue des pi. de 
Thoune, 1843. Pritz. 43 ; Jacks. 344 ; E. S. C. i. 659. 

Brown (Peter), (fl. 1770-91). Flower painter. Exhibited at 
Eoyal Academy, 1770-91. Botanical Painter to Prince of 
Wales. Dryander, ii. 19. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 25 

Brown, PhUip (d. 1779): d. Manchester?, 1779. M.D. Of 
Manchester. * Cat. of very curious pL, collected by the late 
. . . lately deceased, to be sold at his garden near Manches- 
ter,' 1779. Pritz. 43 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 23. 

Brown, Robert (1767 ?-1845) : b. Perth ?, 1767 ? ; d. near Phila- 
delphia, Penn., 20 Sept., 1845. Nurseryman. Of Perth. Found 
Menziesia ccerulea. Introduced Swede. Visited America with 
James McNab in 1834. Gard. Chron. 1845, 755 ; Loud. Gard. 
Mag. xii. ; Loudon, * Arboretum,' 182 ; Trans, Hort. Soc. iv. 
285. 

Brown, Robert (1773-1858): b, Montrose, 21 Dec, 1773; d. 
London, 10 June, 1858; bur. Kensal Green. A.L.S., 1798; 
F.L.S., 1822 ; President, 1849-53 ; F.K.S., 1811 ; D.C.L. 
Oxon, 1832; LL.D. Knight '*. pour le mMte." Naturalist 
to Flinders' Expedition, 1801-5. Librarian to Banks, 1810, 
and to the Linn. Soc. First Keeper of Bot. Dep. Brit. Mus., 
1827. * Prodromus Florae Novse HoUandiae,; 1-810-30. E.B. 
1702,2879. **Botanicorum facile princeps,'*!fiumboldt. Pritz. 
43 ; Jacks. 527 ; Proc. Linn. Soc, 1859, xxv. 1887-8, 54 ; 
Baillon, i. 501 ; K. S. C. I 660 ; vii. 279 ; ' Times ' quoted in 
Cott. Gard. xx. 176 ; Proc. E. S. ix. 527 ; Proc. E. Geogr. 
S. iii. 237 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 25. Oil portr. by Pickers- 
gill and bust by Slater at Linn. Soc, bust and portr. at Brit. 
Mus. Nat. Hist., and portr. at Kew. Brunonia Sm. 

Brown^ Thomas (fl. 1816-34). Captain, Forfarshire Militia. 
F.L.S., 1816. Added notes, &c., to White's ' Selborne,' 1833. 
Contrib. to Johnston's *F1. Berwick-on-Tweed.' Hist. 
Berwicksh. Field Club, i. 9. 

Browne, Patrick (c. 1720-90) : b. Woodstock, Co. Mayo, c. 1720; 
d. Eushbrook, Co. Mayo, 29 Aug., 1790; bur. Crossboyne. 
M.D. Leyden, 1743. Curator, Oxford Bot. Gard. In 
Antigua, 1737. In Jamaica, 1746-55. ' Natural History 
of Jamaica,' 1756. MS. * Fasciculus Plantarum Hibernise ' 
at Linn. Soc. MS. Flora IndisB Occidentalis. Herbarium 
purchased by Linnaeus for 8 guineas. Irish pi. in Lambert's 
herbarium. Pult. ii. 349 ; Pritz. 44 ; Jacks. 370 ; Linn. 
Corr. i. 39, 42 ; ii. 480 ; Trans. Linn. Soc. iv. 31 ; Baillon, 
i. 502 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 53. Browncea Jacq. 

Browne^ Samuel (d. before 1703). M.D. Surgeon to H.E.I.C. 
at Madras. Sent plants to Petiver, Phil. Trans', xx. 313 ; 
xxiii. Plants in Sloane Herbarium. Pult. ii. 38, 39, 62 ; 
Pritz. 44 ; Kich. Corr. 76 ; Linn. Corr. ii. 165 ; * Museum 
Petiverianum,' 43. 

Browne^ Sir Thomas (1605-82) : b. St. Michael's, Cheapside, 
London, 19 Oct., 1605 ; d. Norwich, 19 Oct., 1682 ; bur. St. 
Peter Mancroft, Norwich. B.A. Oxon, 1627; M.A., 1629; 
M.D. Leyden, 1644; M.D. Oxon, 1637; E.K.C.P., 1664. 
Knighted, 1671. ' The Garden of Cyrus,' 1658. * Plants 
... in Scripture,' &c., in posthumous works. Discovered 
Suaeda frtiticosa (E. Bot. 685). Pritz. 44 ; Life and Works, 
ed. Wilkin, 1836; Nich. Illustr. vi. 830; Munk, i. 321; 
Felton, 94; Cott. Gard. v. 15; Trans. Linn. Soc. vii. 296; Diet. 



26 BI06BAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Nat. Biog. vii. 64. Portr. in vestry of St. Peter Mancroft, 
Norwich ; one at E. C. P. ; one, with family, by Dobson, at 
Devonshire House ; engr. by E. White in * Works,' ed. 1686 ; 
and engr. at Linn. Soc, from Norwich portr. 

Browne^ Rev. WUUam (c. 1628-78) : b. Oxford, c. 1628 ; d. 
Oxford, 25 March, 1678 ; bur. in outer chapel, Magdalen 
CoU., Oxon. B.A. Oxon, 1647 ; B.D., 1665. Vice-President 
of Magdalen, 1669. * Catalogus Horti Bot. Oxoniensis,' 1658, 
with Stephens and Bobart. " Chief hand in the composition 
of the Catalogue," Wood, Fasti, ii. 282. Pult. i. 167 ; Pritz. 
U ; Wood's Fasti Oxon. ii. 282. Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 75. 

Brownlee, Rev. J. (fl. 1842). Missionary at the Cape. Had 
" a good general knowledge of Botany," and sent pi. to 
Harvey. Journ. Bot. 1842, 16. Brownleea Lindl. 

Brownrigg, WUliam (1771-1800) : b. High Close Hall, Cum- 
berland, 24 March, 1711 ; d. Ormathwaite, Keswick, 6 Jan., 
1800. M.D. Leyden, 1735; F.E.S., 1741. 'Electrifying of 
Plants,' Phil. Trans. 1747, No. 482. Friend of Sloane, Hales, 
and Franklin. * Literary Life,' by Joshua Dixon, 1801 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 85. 

Bruce, Arthur (1725 ?-1805) : b. 1725?; d. 1805. Sec. N. H. 
Soc. Edin. Land surveyor. Discovered Eriophorum 
pubescens. Contrib. to E. Bot. 128, 1908, &c. Herb, 
bequeathed to Sir J. E. Smith. Smith, Lett. i. 431-3. Bot. 
E. Bord. 197; Journ. Bot. 1863,359. 

Bruce, Henry (fl. 1830?). Plant collector under Wallich. 
Wall. List p 24, 

Bruce, Jameis (1730-94) : b. Kinnaird, Stirhng, 14 Dec, 1730 : 
d. Kinnaird, 27 April, 1794. Traveller. Of Kinnaird. 
Consul at Algiers, 1763-5. In Abyssinia, 1769-1771. Pritz. 
44 ; Biog. by A. Murray in 2nd ed. of * Travels,' 1805 ; Baill. 
i. 503 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 98. Portr. engr. Heath, 1790, 
in his * Travels.' Brticea J. S. Miller. 

Brunton^ John (fl. 1777). ' Cat. of pi. botanically arranged, 
most of wh. are cultivated and sold by . . .' at Perryhill, 
Birmingham, 1777. Contrib. to Withering's Arrangement, 
ed. ii. (pref. xi.). Pritz. 46 ; Jacks. 409. 

Brunton, William (1775-1806) : b. 21 Oct., 1775 : d. Eipon, 
23 June, 1806. Muscologist. Of Eipon. F.L.S.,1806. Found 
Hypnum squarrulosum, E. B. 1709. Contrib. largely to 
E. Bot. Bot. Guide, 563-745. Dicranum Bruntoni Sm. 

Bryant, Charles (d. 1799?). Of Norwich. Brother of the 
following. * Flora Diastetica,* 1783. * Dictionary of Orna- 
mental .... Plants,' 1790. Pritz. 46; Jacks. 528; Linn. 
Trans, vii. 299. 

Bryant, Rev- Henry (1721-99) : b. 1721 ; d. Colby, Norfolk, 
4 June, 1799. B.A. Camb., 1749; M.A., 1753; A.L.S., 
1795. Eector of Colby, Norfolk. Contrib. to E. Bot. (221, 
&c.). Discovered Tillcea muscosay 1766. * Enquiry into 
cause of .... Brand,' 1784. Pritz. 46; Linn. Trans, vii. 
297 ; Smith, Lett. i. 33 ; Gent. Mag. Ixix. 1799, i. 532 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. vii. 155. 



BEITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 27 

Bryce, James (1806-77) : b. Killaig, Coleraine, 22 Oct., 1806 ; 
d. Inverfarigaig, Loch Ness, 11 July, 1877. B.A. Glasgow 
1828; LL.D., 1858; F.G.S. * Geology of Arran, . . . 
with an account of the Botany . . . .' 1872. Diet. Nat. 
Biog. vii. 159. 

Buchanan^ Francis^ afterward Hamilton [see Hamilton]. 

Buckland^ Rev. William (1784-1856) : b. Axminster, Devon, 
12 March, 1784; d. 15 Aug., 1856 ; bur. Islip, Oxon. B.A. 
Oxon., 1805; D.D., 1825; F.L.S., 1821; P.G.S., 1824 & 
1840 ; F.R.S., 1818. Dean of Westminster, 1845. Reader 
in Mineralogy, Oxon, 1813 ; in Geology, 1818. Jacks. 182 ; 
R. S. C. i. ; Proc. Roy. Soc. viii. 264 ; Quart. Journ. Geol. 
Soc. 1857 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 206. Portr. in Ipswich 
series, 1849. Buchlandia Sternb. = Clathraria Mant. Buck- 
landia Brong. (fossil Cycad). Biccklandia Br. 

Buckman^ James (1814-84) : b. Alfrick, Worcestershire, 20 
Nov., 1814 ; d. Bradford Abbas, Dorset, 23 Nov., 1884; bur. 
Bradford Abbas. Druggist. F.B.S. Ed., 1840 ; F.L.S., 1850. 
Prof, of Bot., Cirencester, 1848-63. * Bot. Guide to Chelten- 
ham,* 1844. * British Grasses,* 1858. Pritz. 47 ; Jacks. 528 ; 
R. S. C. i. 705 ; vi. 611 ; vii. 298 ; ix. 393 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1884-5, 104 ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1884-5, 43 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
vii. 216. 

Buddie^ Rev. Adam (d. 1715): b. Deeping St. James, Lincoln; 
d. Gray's Inn, 15 April, 1715 ; bur. St. Andrew's, Holborn. 
B.A., 1681; M.A. Camb., 1685. Lived at Henley, Suffolk, 
in 1698. Vicar of Great Fambridge, Ess^x, 1703. Reader 
at Gray's Inn. * Hortus Siccus Buddleanus sive Methodus 
Nova stirpium Britann.,' Sloane MSS. 2970-2980. Herbarium 
in Sloane's, in Mus. Brit. Fl. Midd. 386-8 ; Rich. Corr. 87, 
95, 103 ; Hind, Fl. Suffolk, 475 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 222. 
Portr.' at Hadleigh Hall. Buddleia L. 

Bulger^ George Ernest (d. 1884-5). Lieutenant - Colonel. 
F.L.S., 1864. ' Flora of Windvogelberg,' Student, iv. 1870, 
275. R. S. C. vii. 301; ix. 396; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-86, 80. 

Bulkley, Edward (fl. 1695). Surgeon to H. E. I. C. at Madras. 
Succeeded Samuel Browne. Sent plants to Petiver. * Museum 
Petiverianum,' 43, 94. 

Bull, Henry Graves (c. 1818-85) : b. circ. 1818 ; d. Hereford, 
31 Oct., 1885. M.D. F.B.S. Ed., 1841. Of Hereford. 
Mycologist. * Herefordshire Pomona.' Journ. Bot. 1886, 
62. R. S. C. i. 715 ; vii. 302 ; ix. 396. 

Bull, Martin M. (d. 1879) : d. Jersey, 17 Aug., 1879. M.D. 
Of Jersey. Found Banunculus chcerophyllus. List of plants 
of Sark, Journ. Bot. 1872, 199. R. S. C. vii. 302 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1879, 288. 

BuUeyn, Rev. William (1500 ?-1576) : b. Isle of Ely, 1500 ; d. 
in prison, London ?, 7 Jan., 1576 ; bur. Cripplegate Church. 
Physician. Both of Oxford and Cambridge. F.R.C.P., 1560. 
Practised in Durham. Travelled in Scotland and Germany. 
* A Book of Simples,' 1562. Pult. i. 77-83 ; Pritz. 48 ; Jacks. 
25 ; Wood, Athen. Oxon. i. 538 ; Tanner, Bibl. Angl.Hibem. ; 



28 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Cooper, Athen. Cantab, i. 343 ; Munk ; Biog. Brit. ; Felton, 
84-5 ; Cott. Gard. v. 207 ; Journ. Hort. 1876, 373, with 
portr. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 244. Engr. portr. in profile in 

* Government of Health,' 1559, and full length (imaginary) 
in * Bulwarke of Defence ' ; head, engr. W. Stubeley, 1722. 

Bunbury^ Sir Charles James Foz^ Bart. (1809-86) : b. 
Messina, 1809 ; d. London?, 19 June, 1886. F.L.S., 1833; 
F.E.S. * Plants of Brazil,* Proc. Linn. Soc. 1849, 108; 

* Fossil Plants from .... Jurassic,' Quart. Journ. Geol. 
Soc. 1851. * Botanical Fragments,* 1883. Herb, at Cam- 
bridge. Pritz. 48; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1886, 735; Ann. & 
Mag. vii. 1841, 439 ; Journ. Bot. 1842, 549 ; 1843, 15 ; 1844, 
242 ; 1886, 69; E. S. C. i. 715; vi. 612. Bunhuria Harv. 

Bunny, Joseph (1798-1885): b. Newbury, Berks., 1798; d. 

Newbury, 2 June, 1885. M.D. Edin., 1823. Contrib. to 

Cat. Newbury Plants, 1889. Trans. Newbury Field Club, 

iii. xvi. 
Buonaiuti (fl. 1807). Librarian to Lord Holland. ' On Dahlia," 

Appx. to McDonald's Gard. Diet., 1807. Trans. Hort. Soc. 

iii. 218.- 
Burchell, William John (1781-2-1863): b. Fulham, 1781- 

82; d. Fulham, 23 March, 1863. F.L.S., 1808; D.C.L. 

Oxon., 1834. " Schoolmaster and acting botanist '* to H. E. 

I. C. at St. Helena, 1805-10. Travelled in S. Africa, 

1811-15; in S. America, 1825-29. Herbarium and MS. 

Flora of St. Helena at Kew. Collected 15,000 spp. Heir 

to E. A. Salisbury. Pritz. 48; Jacks. 346; Proc. Linn. 

Soc. 1862-3 xxxiv. ; Bot. Misc. ii. 128 ; Kew Gard. Eeport, 

1865 ; Bot. Challenger, ii. 51 ; E. S. C. i. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

vii. 290. Portr. at Kew. Burchellia E. Br. 
Burden, Mrs. (d. 1885) : d. Castle Eden, Durham, 10 March, 

1885. '* An excellent botanist." Naturalist, 1884-5 ; 235. 
Burgess, Rev. Dr. (fl. 1777-1805). Of Kirkmichael, Dumfries. 

Lichenologist. Lightfoot, Fl. Scotica, i. xiii. Contrib. to 

E. Bot. 300, 1473. Leptogium Burgessii Leighton. 
Burke, Joseph (fl. 1840). Collector for Lord Derby in S. 

Africa and N. America. PI. at Kew and in Herb. Mus. 

Brit. Journ. Bot. 1843, 163 ; 1845, 644 ; Ic. PI. 593. Burkea 

Hook. 
Burnett, Gilbert Thomas (1800-35) : b. 15 April, 1800 ; d. 

27 July, 1835. Prof. Bot., King's College, London, 1831, 

and at Chelsea, 1835. F.L.S., 1832. ' Outhnes of Botany,' 

1835. Pritz. 49 ; Jacks. 38, 495 ; Semple, 186 ; E. S. C. i. 

735 ; Mag. Gard. iv. (n.s. ii.) 29 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 412. 

Bumettia Lindl. 
Burnett, James (fl. 1836). M.A. * Magazine of Botany and 

Gardening,' 1835-7. 
Burnett, M. A. (fl. 1840-50). Sister of G. T. Burnett. ' PlantaB 

Utiliores,* 1842-50, drawn and coloured by M. A. B., the 

text mainly by G. T. B. Pritz. 49 ; Jacks. 192 ; Diet. Nat. 

Biog. vii. 412. 
Burton, David (d. 1792) : d. Austraha, 13 April, 1792. Gar- 



BRITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS. 29 

dener. Sent by Banks to Port Jackson. Salisbury, Parad. 
Lond. f. 73 ; Collins, 'N. S. Wales,' 205. Burtonia Salisb. 
= Hibbertia, Burtonia E. Br. 

Burton^ Sir Richard (1821-90) : b. Barbara House, Herts, 19 
March, 1821; d. Trieste, 20 Oct., 1890; bur. Mortlake, 
Surrey. Traveller in Africa, &c. Plants from Congo in 
Herb. Kew. M. Trop. Afr. i. 10 ; * Nature,' 30 Oct., 1890, 
646. 

Bush, William Maddocks (1813 ?-57): d. Weston-super- 
Mare, 17 Dec. 1857. M.D. F.L.S., 1843. ** Acquired 
considerable knowledge " of botany. Proc. L. Soc. 1857-8, 

XXV. 

Busk, George (1807-86) : b. 1807 ; d. London, 10 Aug., 1886. 

Surgeon, E.N. F.L.S., 1846; Sec. 1857-68; F.E.S., 1850; 

Pres. E.C.S., 1871. Zoologist and anthropologist. * Volvox 

Globator,' with Williamson, 1853. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1886-7, 

36 ; E. S. C. i. 742 ; ix. 406. Oil portr. at Linn. Soc. by 

Miss E. M. Busk. 
Bute, John, Earl of [see Stuabt, John]. 
Butt, Rev. J. M. (fl. 1825). M.A. Vicar of East Garston, 

Berks. Eelation of tbe following. * Botanical Primer,* 

1825 ; Pritz. 50 ; Jacks. 37. Smitb, Lett. i. 440. 
Butt, Rev- Thomas (fl. 1797-1809). Of Areley, Salop. F.L.S., 

1797. Sent Anaphalis margaritacea from Wyre Forest to 

Smith. Smith, Lett. i. 435-441. Contrib. to E. Bot. 662, 

2018, &c. Botanised in Ireland. 
Buxton, Richard (1786-1865) : b. Prestwich, Manchester, 15 

Jan., 1786; d. Ancoats, Manchester, 2 Jan. 1865; bur. 

Prestwich. Shoemaker and newsman. * Botanical Guide 

to . . . Manchester,' 1849. Pritz. 50 ; Jacks. 256; Autobiog. 

in ' Guide ' ; Cash, 94 ; Journ. Bot. iii. 71 ; Boase ; Diet. 

Nat. Biog. viii. 106. 
Bynoe (fl. 1837-43). Surgeon on H.M.S. * Beagle,' 1837-43. 

Fl. Tasmania, cxvii. Plants in Herb. Kew. 



CaiuB^ John^ alias Key (1510-73): b. Norwich, 6 Oct., 1510 
d. London, 29 July, 1573 ; bur. in Chapel of Caius College 
Camb. M.A. Cantab., 1535. M.D. Padua, 1541 ; of Cam 
bridge, 1558. Pupil of VesaHus. F.E.C.P., 1547; Pres. 
1555-60. Physician to Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth 
Founder of Caius College, Camb. Communicated histories 
of rare plants to Gesner. * De Stirpium,* 1570. Pritz. 50 
Jacks. 26 ; Munk, i. 37 ; Life by Aikin ; Cooper, Athen. 
Cantab, i. 312 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. viii. 221. Three portr. at 
Caius Coll. ; mezzo, portr. by J. Faber ; woodcut in his 
' Works,' 1556 ; and one in the * Heroologia.' 

CalcoensiSy Henricus (fl. 1493). Benedictine Prior. Scotch? 
' Synopsis Herbaria,' MS. Pult. i. 24. 

Callcott^ Lady (Maria), nSe Dundas (1785-1842) : b. Papcastle, 
Cockermouth, 19 July, 1785; d. Kensington, 28 Nov., 1842 ; 
bur. Kensal Green Cemetery, m. 1. Thomas Graham, R.N., 



30 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

1809 (q.v.) ; m. 2. Augustus Wall Callcott (afterwards 
knighted), 1827. 'Journal of a Eesidence in India/ 1812. 

* Journal of a Voyage to Brazil,' 1824. ' Scripture Herbal,' 
1842, &c. Collected in Brazil. Jacks. 20 ; Journ. Bot. 1842, 
26; Gent. Mag. 1843, i. 98; Dodd, Annual Biography, 
1842, 286. Diet. Nat. Biog. viii. 258. Gramia Hook. = 
Cephalophora Grahamia Gill. 

Caldclcugh, Alexander (fl. 1823). F.L.S., 1823 ; F.R.S. Col- 
lected in Chili. Friend of D. Don. Caldcluvia D. Don. 

Caldwell, Andrew (1733-1808) : b. Dublin ?, 19 Dec, 1733 ; 
d. near Bray, Wicklow, 2 July, 1808. Irish bar, 1760. 
F.L.S., 1796. Correspondent of Smith. Smith, Lett. ii. ; 
Nich. lUustr. viii. 24; Gent. Mag. Ixxviii. 746; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. viii. 247. 

Caley, George (d. 1829) : b. Yorkshire ; d. Bayswater, 23 May, 
1829 ; bur. St. George's burial-ground, Hyde Park. Began 
Hfe as stable-boy. Assisted by Banks. In New South 
Wales, 1799-1810. Superintendent, St. Vincent Gardens, 
1816-22. ** Botanicus peritus et accuratus," R. Brown. 
Trans. Linn. Soc. xv. (1811) ; Gard. Chron. xxiv., 1885, 263 ; 
Mag. Nat. Hist. 1829, 310 ; 1830, 226. Woolls, Bot. Discov. 
in Austr.,* 7 ; Cash, 21. Caleana R. Br. 

Calvert; Caroline Louisa Waring^ nee Atkinson (1834-72) : 
b. Oldbury, Argyle co., N. S. Wales, 25 Feb., 1834; d. 
Sutton Forest, N.S.W., 28 April, 1872. m. 1870, James 
Snowden Calvert, fellow-traveller of Leichhardt, 1844-45. 
Sent plants to F. von Mueller. Mueller, Fragmenta, v. 34, 
viii. 53. G. B. Barton, Literature of N.S.W., 1866, 111. 
Boase. Athinsonia F. v. M., Epacris Calvertiana F. v. M. 

Calvert, Michael (1770 ?-1862) : b. Knaresboro', 1770?; d. 
Knaresboro', 3 Dec, 1862. Chemist, botanist, and topo- 
grapher. * Hist, of Knaresboro', 1844. Grainger's Hist, of 
Harrogate (1871), 261. Boyne's Yorksh. Library (1869), 142. 

* Leeds Mercury,' 1 June, 1889. Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
viii. 274. 

Cameron, David (1787 ?-1848) : b. circ. 1787 ; d. Shrawley, 

Wore, 25 June, 1848. A.L.S., 1827. Gardener to E. 

Barclay (q.v.) until 1831 ; then Curator Birmingham Bot. 

Garden till 1847. Contrib. to Phyt. i., Gard. Mag., &c. ; 

and to Knowles and Westcott's Floral Cabinet. Proc. Linn. 

Soc. ii. 50. Hibiscus Cameroni Kn. and Westc. 
Campbell, Archibald, 3rd Duke of Argyle (1682-1761) : b. 

Ham House, Eichmond, June, 1682 ; d. London, 15 April, 

1761. Planted Whitton. Most of his trees went to Kew. 

Loud. * Arboretum,' 57-8; Diet. Nat. Biog. viii. 341. Argylia 

D. Don. 
Campbell, William Hunter. (1814-83) : b. Edinburgh, 

1814 ; d. London, 1883. Fellow collegian of Sir J. D. 

Hooker. LL.D. Edinburgh. First Sec. Bot. Soc. Edin. 

Collected Scottish plants. Author (with J. H. Balfour and 

C. C. Babington) of Edin. Cat. Brit. PI. 1841. Attorney in 

Georgetown, Demerara. * Vegetation of Georgetown/ Ann. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 31 

N. H. X. 349. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. v. 25. E. S. C. i. 775. 
Timehri, ii. 366. His brother, Capt. J. Campbell^ of 
the Madras Establishment, collected in India. Wight, Ic. iv. 
1424. Campbellia Wight. 
Cantor, Theodore Edward (fl. 1836-54). M.D. Of Bengal 
Med. Service. Zoologist. Collected in Malaya and China, 
1840-41. Plants enumerated by Griffiths in Journ. As. Soc. 
Bengal, v. 623 (1854). ' General Features of Chusan,' 
Ann. N. H. ix. 265. Pritz. 56 ; Lasegue, 436 ; E. S. C. i. 

779. 
Carey/john (1797 ?-1880) : b. 1797?; d. Blackheath, Kent, 26 

Mar., 1880. To U.S.A. 1830; returned to England 1852. 

Contrib. Salix and Carex to Gray's ' Manual,* ed. i. (1848). 

With A. Gray in N. Carolina, 1841. Contrib. to Silliman's 

Journ. 1847-53; Amer. Journ. Sci. 3rd ser. xix. 421. 

Herb, presented to Kew. E. S. C. i. 785. Saxifraga 

Careyi. 
Carey^ Rev- William (1761-1834) : b. Paulerspury, Northants, 

17 Aug., 1761 ; d. Serampore, 9 June, 1834. Baptist 

Missionary and Orientalist. In India from 1794. D.D., 

1804; F.L.S., 1823. Founded Bot. Gard. Serampore. 

Edited Eoxburgh's * Flora Indica.' Pritz. 66 ; Jacks. 530. 

Memoir by Eustace Carey, 1836 ; Gent. Mag. 1835, i. 547 ; 

Baillon, i. 630 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ix. 77. Careya Eoxb. 
Cargill^ James (fi. 1603). Medical man. Of Aberdeen. Studied 

at Basle under Caspar Bauhin. Correspondent of Gesner, 

Lobel, Caspar Bauhin. Described Fuci, Pult. ii. 2 ; Bauhin, 

* Prodromus,' 154 ; Lobel, ' Adversaria ' ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
ix. 80. Cargillia E. Br. 

Carlisle, Sir Anthony (1769-1840) : b. Stillington, Durham, 8 
Feb., 1769; d. London, 2 Nov., 1840. F.E.S., 1800. * Physi- 
ological Observations,' Trans. Hort. Soc. ii. 184. E. S. C. i. 
710 ; Gent. Mag. 1840, ii. 660 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ix. 103. 

Carmichael, Dugald (1772-1827) : b. Lismore, Hebrides, 1772; 
d. Appin, Argylesh., Sept., 1827. Captain. F.L.S. Friend 
of E. Brown. At the Cape, 1806-10 ; Mauritius and Bour- 
bon, 1810-14 ; India, 1815-17. Took Tristan d'Acunha, 
1817. * AlgSB Appinenses,' ined. Harv. Brit. AlgsB, 49, 54, 
&c. Linn. Trans, xii. 483. E. S. C. i. 791 ; Pritz. 56 ; 
Bot. Misc. ii. 1, 258; iii. 23; Baill. i. 632. Carmichalia 
Grev. = Striaria Grev. CarmichcBlia, E. Br. 

Carpenter, William Benjamin (1813-85) : b. Exeter, 29 Oct., 
1813; d. London, 10 Nov., 1885. M.D. Edinb., 1839; LL.D., 
1871; C.B., 1872; F.E.S., 1844 ; F.L.S., 1856.- Practised 
at Bristol till 1844. FuUerian Prof, of Physiology, 1844. 
Eegistrar, London University, 1856-79. * General Physi- 
ology,' 1839, ed. ii., 1841. * Vegetable Physiology,' 1844. 

* The Microscope,' 1856, ed. vi., 1881. Pritz. 56; Jacks. 
530 ; E. S. C. i. 794 ; vii. 32 ; ix. 453 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1885-6, 138; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1885-6, 40; ' Athenseum,' 
1885, ii. 639 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ix. 166. Portr. in Ipswich 
Museum Series ; portr. Men of Eminence, 1864. 



32 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Carr, Amos (1829 ?-84): b. Frant, Kent, 1829?; d. Sheffield, 
29 Ap., 1884. Postman and bootmaker, of Sheffield. Knew 
local plants well. * West Yorkshire,' 359 ; Naturalist, 
1884 71 

Carroll/ Isaac (1828-80): b. 1828; d. Aghada, co. Cork, 17 
Sept., 1880. Visited Lapland, 1864, and Iceland. Studied 
Cryptogamia. Contributed to *Cybele Hibernica,' 1866. 
Herbarium and MS. Flora of Cork at Queen's Coll., Cork. 
General herbarium, hchens, &c., in Brit. Mus. Journ. Bot. 
1881, 128; E. S. C. i. 801 ; vii. 339. 

Carron^ William (fl. 1848-67). Botanist in Kennedy's explor- 
ing expedition from Sydney, 1848. Narrative in Macgilli- 
vray's * Voyage of Eattlesnake,' ii. 117 (1852). Collected 
afterwards in Australia. WooUs, 46 ; E. S. C. vii. 339. 
Carronia F. v. M. 

Casbome^ Mrs- {nie Lofft), (d. 1884) : d. Pakenham, 1884. Of 
Pakenham, Suff. * Herbarium ' (1819-50), in 25 vols., at 
Troston Hall, Suff. Hind's Fl. Suffi, 489. 

Castle^ R. (fl. 1840). * Description of a species of Eose new to 
the British Flora,' Proc. Sci. Soc. Lond. 1840, ii.36. E. S. C. 
i. 821. 

Castle, Thomas (c. 1804-38) : b. Kent, c. 1804 ; d. Brighton ?, 
1838. M.D. Camb. ; F.L.S., 1827. Practised in Bermond- 
sey. * Systematic and Physiological Botany,' 1829. * British 
Flora Medica,' with B. H. Barton, 1837. Pritz. 58; Jacks. 
531 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ix. 275. 

Catesby, Mark (1679 or 1680-1749) : b. Sudbury, Suff., 1679 
or 1680; d. London, 23 Dec, 1749. F.E.S., 1733. Of 
Hoxton and Fulham. In Virginia, 1712-19 ; In Carolina 
Georgia, Florida, Bahamas, &c., 1722-26. * Natural 
History of Carolina,' 1730-48, illustrated by himself, ed. ii. 
1748 ; iii. 1771. * Hortus EuropsBus-Americanus,' 1767. 
Plants in Hb. Sherard, Oxford, and Hb. Sloane. Pult. ii. 
219 ; Eees ; Pritz. 58 ; Jacks. 110, 362 ; Baillon, i. 655 ; 
Eich. Corr. 401 ; Linn. Corr. ii. 440 ; Nich. Anec. i. 371 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1749, xx. 30, 572 ; Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 68, 
81 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ix. 281 ; Drake, Diet. Americ. Biog. 
170. Catesbaa Gronovius. 

Cathcart, James W- (1802-51) : b. Edinburgh, 19 Feb., 1802 ; 
d. Lausanne, 8 July, 1851. Of Bengal Civil Service. Went 
to Calcutta, 1822. Collected at Darjeeling and Cape. 
' Illustrations to Himalayan Plants,' 1885 ; pref. by J. D. 
Hooker. Indian plants at Edinburgh and Kew. Had a 
large coll. of drawings made of Indian plants, now at Kew. 
Bot. Mag. 4596. Cathcartia Hook. f. 

Catlow, Agnes (1807 ?-89) : b. 1807 ? ; d. Addlestone, Surrey, 
10 May, 1889. * Popular Field Botany,' 1847. * Popular 
Garden Botany,' 1855. Pritz. 58 ; Jacks. 42, 235. 

Chambers, John (fl. 1800). M.D. Of East Dereham, Norf. 
' Pocket Herbal,' 1800. 

Chambers, Richard (1784-1858) : b. London, 1784 ; d. Balder- 
ton, Notts, 20 Dec, 1858. F.L.S., 1822. Of Cecil Court, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 33 

St. Martin's Lane. Schoolmaster. * Cat. of PI. of Tring,* 

Mag. Nat. Hist. n.s. ii. 1838, 38 ; * Introduction to the 

Study of Botany,' 1847. Jacks. 486 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1859, • 

XXX. ; E. S. C. i, 868. 
Champion^ John George (1815-54): b. Edinburgh, 5 May, 

1815; d. Scutari, 30 Nov., 1854. Lieut.-Col. In Ceylon, 

1838-47. Hong Kong, 1847-50. ' Botany in Ceylon,' Joum. 

Agric. Hort. Soc. India, ii. (1843), 371. ' TernstroBmiaceflB 

of Hong Kong.' Linn. Trans, xxi. 111. Plants at Kew. 

E. S. C. i. 870 ; Gard. Chron. 1854, 819 ; Fl. Hongkong, p. 

8* ; Diet. Nat. Biog. x. 33. Championia Gardn. . 
Chandler^ Alfred (fl. 1831). Nurseryman and floral artist. Of 

Vauxhall. '* Illustrations . . . of . . . CamellisB . . . the draw- 
ings by Alfred Chandler ; the descriptions by William Beattie 

Booth," 1831. Pritz. 60 ; Jacks. 126. 
Chandler, Elizabeth (1818-84) : b. Hinton-in-the-Hedges, 

Bucks, 29 Ap., 1818; d. Isleworth, 29 Ap., 1884; bur. Isle- 
worth. 'Plants of High Wycombe,' Bot. Chronicle, 1864, 

81-84. Bucks plants in Brit. Mus. 
Chanter, Charlotte, nee Kingsley (fl. 1856). Sister of Charles 

Kingsley. * Ferny Combes,' 1856. Pritz. 61 ; Jacks. 251. 
Charles, James (fl. 1584). * Collection of Simples most in use, 

with their names Latin and English,' 1584, Sloane MS. 

Haller, Addend, ii. 675. 
Charlton, Edward (1814-74) : b. Hesleyside, Northumberland, 

23 July, 1814; d. Newcastle-on-Tyne, 14 May, 1874; bur. 

Bellingham. Lecturer, Newcastle Med. School,. Orig. Memb. 

Bot. Soc. Edin. M.D.Edin., 1836. D.C.L. Trans. Bot. Soc. 

Ed. xii. 198. Johnston Corr. 29 ; Monthly Chronicle, 1889, 

443. 
Charlwood, George (1784 ?-1861) : b. 1784 ? ; d. Feltham, 26 

Aug., 1861. F.L.S., 1824. Nurseryman. " An assiduous 

botanist," Sweet, Fl. Australasica, t. 18. Proc. Linn. Soc. 

1861-2, xc. Gharkvoodia Sweet = Gordyline Comm. 
Chatterley, William Maddoz (fl. 1839). Hon. Sec. Bot. Soc. 

Lond. * Botanical Statistics,' Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. 1839, 87. 
Cheshire^ William (d. circ. 1855) : d. Stratford-on-Avon, 

1855. Working printer. Botanised in Warwickshire. Fl. 

Warwicksh., 502. 
Chesney^ Francis Rawdon (1789-1872): b. Annalong, co. 

Down, 16 Mar., 1789 ; d. Mourne, co. Down, 30 Jan., 1872. 

Explorer, of Euphrates. D.C.L. Oxon, 1850 ; F.E.S. 

General. Plants (descr. in Bertolini, * Miscellanea Botanica,' 

i.) in Herb. Mus. Br. Journ. Bot. 1872, 96 ; Proc. E. G. S. 

xvi. 301 ; E. S. C. i. 896 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. x. 185. Ghesneya 

Bert. = Pimpinella L. Ghesneya Lindl. 
Chitty, Simon Casie (fl. 1834-59). ' Botanical Diet, in Tamil 

Language,' Madras, 1844. Pritz. 62. 
Christison, Sir Robert (1797-1882) : b. Edinburgh, 18 July, 

1797 ; d. Edinburgh, 27 Jan., 1882. Pupil of Orfila. M.D. 

Edin., 1819; D.C.L. Oxon, 1865; LL.D. Edin., 1872; 

P.E.S.E., 1868-1873. Bart., 1871. V.-P. Bot. Soc. Edin., 

4 



34 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

1839. Prof, of Medical Jurisprudence, Edin., 1822-32 ; of 
Mat. Med., 1832-77. Lord Rector, 1880. 'Treatise on 
Poisons,' 1829. * Exact Measurement of Trees,' Trans. Bot. 
Soc. Edin. xiii.-xiv. Pritz. 62 ; R. S. C. i. 922 ; ix. 516 ; 
* Life ' (partly autobiog.), 1885-6 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 
xiv. 266 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. x. 290. Christisonia Gardn. 

Christy^ WUliam (c. 1807-39): b. Kingston-on-Thames?, c. 
1807 ; d. Clapham Road, 42 July, 1839. Of Clapham Road. 
F.L.S., 1828. Visited Norway and Madeira. Contributed 
to Gibson's Fl. of Essex, and to Mag. Nat. Hist. 1833, 51 ; 
1837, 25. Gave plants and books to Bot. Soc. Edinb. Jacks. 
335 ; R. S. G. i. 925 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 67 ; Gard. Mag. xv 
536. Christya Ward & Harv. = Strophanthtts DC. 

Churchill^ James Morse (fi. 1831). F.R.S. ; F.L.S. 'Medical 
Botany,' 1831. 

Clapperton^ Hugh (1788-1827) : b. Annan, Dumfriesshire, 
1788 ; d. Chungary, near Sokota, 13 Ap., 1827. Captain, R.N. 
African explorer. In India, 1810-13 ; in Canada, 1814 ; in 
Africa, 1822-1827. PI. in Herb. Mus. Brit., descr. by Brown 
in * Narrative of Travels,' by Denham and Clapperton, 1826. 
Pritz. 63 ; Jacks. 346 ; * Sketch,' prefixed to * Joum. of 2nd 
Expedition,' 1829. Memoir by Rev. T. Nelson, 1830. Diet. 
Nat. Biog. X. 372. Portr. by Manton, engr. Lupton, in 
Lander's Journal of Expedition, 1829. Clappertonia Meisn. 
= Honckenya Willd. 

Clark; William (fl. 1826) . Botanical artist. Drew and engraved 
plates for R. Morris's * Flora Conspicua,' 1826. 

Clark, William Barnard (fl. 1840): b. Ipswich. M.D. ; 
F.B.S. Ed. 1839. ' Flora of Ipswich,' in Mag. Nat. Hist. 

1840, 124. R. S. C. i. 937. 

Clarke, Benjamin (1813-90) : b. Saffron Walden, Essex, 5 
Sept., 1813 ; d. Hampstead, 4 Feb., 1890. M.R.C.S. F.L.S., 
1845. * New Arrangement of . . . Exogens,' 1851. * New 
Arrangement of Phanerogam. PI.,' 1866; ed. iii., 1888. 
"One of our most careful observers," Bentham. Journ. 
Bot. 1890, 84 ; R. S. C. i. 985; vii. 395. 

Clarke, Rev- Sir Edward Daniel (1769-1822) : b. Willing- 
don Vicarage, Sussex, 5 June, 1769; d. London, 9 Mar., 
1822 ; bur. Jesus Coll. Chapel, Cambridge. Traveller and 
mineralogist. B.A. Cantab., 1790; M.A., 1794; LL.D., 
1803. Collected in Scandinavia, 1799; Russia, 1800. Or- 
dained, 1805. Vicar of Harlton, 1806, and Yeldham, 1810. 
PI. presented to A. B. Lambert. Prof, of Mineralogy, Cam- 
bridge, 1808. * Travels,' 1810-23. Pritz. 63; R. S. C. i. 
935; 'Life,' by Otter, 1825; Nich. Anec. iv. 389, 721; 
Nich. lUust. Diet. Nat. Biog. x. 421. Bust, by Chantrey, at 
J esus Coll. Portr. by Opie, engr. in * Travels,' vol. i., and in 
Life.' 

Clarke^ George (fl. 1840). Of Mahe, Seychelles. *Coco de 
Mer,' Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. v. (1840), 422 ; and vi. (1841), 
408. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 1849, 153 ; R. S. C. i. 936. 

Clarke, Joshua (1805-90) : b. Saffron Walden, 10 Ap., 1805; 



tc 



Hi 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 35 



d. same place, Feb., 1890. Brother of Benjamin Clarke. 

F.L.S., 1853. Helped Gibson with Fl. Essex. Discovered 

Lathyrus tuberostis and Erucastrum Pollichii. Fl. Essex viii. ; 

E. S. C. i. 936 ; Journ. Bot. 1890, 192. 
larke^ Robert (fl. 1843-63). Surgeon, Sierra Leone. ' Congo 

Tobacco,' Journ. Bot. 1851, 9. * Paspalum exile,' Proc. 

Linn. Soc. i. 155. Pritz. 63 ; R. S. C. i. 9. 
larke. Rev. William Branwhite (1798-1878): b. East 

Bergholt, Suffolk, 2 June, 1798 ; d. N. S. Wales, 17 June, 

1878. M.A. Camb., 1824; F.R.S., 1876. Geologist. Dis- 
coverer of gold in Australia. In Australia, 1839-1878. 

Various papers on peat-bogs, submerged forests. Carboniferous 

plants. E. S. C. i. 937; vii. 396; ix. 528; Woolls, Bot. 

Discov. in Austr., 36 ; Proc. Eoy. Soc. xxviii. 1879, i ; Diet. 

Nat. Biog. X. 450. 
layton, John (1686 or 1693 7-1773): b. Fulham, 1686 or 

1693 ?; d. 15 Dec, 1773. • Went to Virginia in 1705. ' Flora 

Virginica,' 1739-45. Phil. Trans, xvii., xviii., xli. Sent pi. 

to Gronovius. Virginian pi. in Mus. Brit. Pritz. 63 ; 

* Memorials of Bartram,' p. 406 ; Appleton's CyclopsBd. 

Americ. Biog. ; Allibone ; Eose ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 13. 

Claytonia Gronov. 
lement^ or Clements, John (d. 1572) : b. Yorkshire ? ; d. 

Mechlin, 1 July, 1572; bur. Cathedral, Mechlin. M.D. 

Oxon; Prof, of Greek; F.E.C.P., 1528; President, 1544. 

Tutor to Sir Thomas More's children. ** The best botanist 

and herbalist of us all," Sir T. Moore. Jacks, xxx. ; Munk, 

i. 27 ; Wood, Athen. Oxon. i. 401 ; Gardiner, Admission 

registers St. Paul's School, 19; Gard. Chron. 1872, 706; 

Fl. Midd. (interl.), 392 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 33. 
lifford, Thomas Hugh (1762-1825): b. 4 Dec, 1762; d. 

Ghent, 25 Feb., 1825. ' Flora Tixalliana,' 1817. Pritz. 64 ; 

Jacks. 260. 
inton^ — (fl. 1829). Prof. Med. Bot. to Apothecaries' Hall. 

Transl. and annotated Eichard's * Elements of Botany.' 

Pref. to Irish Flora, viii. 
.ough, Edwin (d. 1883) : d. Ashton, Lane, 8 Feb., 1883. 

Working-man botanist. Journ. Bot. 1883, 192. 
.ouBton^ Rev. Charles (1800-84) : b. Stromness, Orkney, 

1800 ; d. Stromness, 1884. LL.D. St. Andrews. * Guide to 

Orkneys ' (contains botany). Scott. Nat. 1885, 49; E. S. C, 

i. 960. 
>bbold, Thomas Spencer (1828-86) : b. Ipswich, 1828 ; d. 

London, 20 Mar., 1886. M.D. Edin., 1847 ; F.L.S., 1857 ; 

F.E.S., 1864. Helminthologist. Prof. Bot. Eoy. Vet. Coll., 

1873. *Embryogeny of Orchis mascula/ Quart. Journ. 

Micros. Sci., 1853. * Embryology of Achimenes,' Journ. 

Quekett Micros. Club, 1879. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1885-6, 140 ; 

E. S. C. ii. 2 ; vii. 409 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 147. 
yr\j>ckbum, Sir James (d. circ. 1780): d. in Ireland, circ. 
Jt/^ 1780. Baronet. Introduced Gardenia Thunbergia in 1773, 
^ Hortus Kewensis ; Gent. Mag. 1780, 153. 



36 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Oockflcld, Joseph {1740?-1816) : b. 1740 ? ; d. Mar., 1816. Of 
Upton, Essex. * Catalogue of Scarce Plants.' * The Botanist's 
Guide' (anon.), 1813;' Letters, 1765-71, in Nich. lUust. v. 
753-808. Pritz. 64 ; Jacks. 256 ; Friends' Books, i. 438. Fl. 
Midd, 398. 

Cocks, John (1787-1861): b. Sussex, 1787 ; d. Devonport, 1861. 
M.D. Algologist. * Algarum fasciculi,' 1855-9. * Seaweed 
Collector's Guide,' 1853. ' Marine AlgSB,' Journ. Linn. Soc. 
iv. 101. Pritz. 64 ; Jacks. 242 ; E. S. C. ii. 5. 

Coel, James (fl. 1610). Of Highgate. Merchant. Lobel's 
son-in-law. Had a botanic garden at Highgate. Introduced 
Cerastis Laurocerasus. Pult. i. 125. 

Golden, Cadwallader (1688-1776) : b. Dunse, Scotland, 17 
Feb., 1688; d. Long Island, New York, 28 Sept., 1776. 
M.D. Edin., 1705. Practised in Pennsylvania, 1708-15. 
Surveyor-General of New York, 1719. Lieutenant-Governor, 
1761. Introduced Linnean system into America. * Plantse 
ColdenhamisB ' in * Acta Upsaliensia,' 1743. Correspondent 
of Linnaeus. * Correspondence,' in Silliman's Journ. vol. 
xliv. Pritz. 65 ; * Memorials of Bartram,' p. 19 ; Linn. Corr. ii. 
451-8, 476 ; Nich. Anec. v. 484 ; Appleton, * Cyclop. Americ. 
Biog.,' with portr. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 260. Coldenia L. 

Golden, Jane, afterwards Farquhar [see Fabquhab]. 

Cole, Rev, Thomas (fl. 1725). Of Gloucester. Correspondent 
of Dillenius. Burnt his herbarium. Pult. ii. 191. 

Colebrooke, Henry Thomas (1765-1837) : b. London, 15 
June, 1765; d. London, 10 Mar., 1837. F.E.S. ; F.L.S., 
1816. Sanskrit scholar. Chief Judge, Bengal. In India, 
1783-1815. Furnished oriental names for Eoxburgh's * Flora. 
Indica.' On Menisjpervium, Boswellia, &c.. Trans. Linn. 
Soc. 1817-26. Collected in Sylhet ; and sent plants and 
drawings to W. J. Hooker, Smith, Exot. Bot. ii. 115 ; Pritz. 
65 ; E. S. C. ii. 12 ; Life by his son, Sir. T. E. Colebrooke, 
in his * Miscellaneous Essays,' 1872 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 282. 
Golehroohia Donn = Ceratanthera Horn. Colebrookea Sm." 

Coleman, Rev. William Higgins (1816 ?-63) : b. 1816 ? ; d. 
Burton-on-Trent, 12 Sept., 1863. B.A. Camb., 1836; M.A., 

1838. Master at Christ's Hospital, Hertford; and, from 
1847, at Ashby- de-la- Zouch Grammar School. Described 
CEnanthe fltiviatilis. Discovered Bunium Bulhocastanum, 

1839. 'Flora Hertfordiensis,' with E. H. Webb, 1849. 
Pritz. 340; Jacks. 253, 255; Top. Bot. 540. Trans. Bot. 
Soc. Edin. viii. 13 ; E. S. C. ii. 13 ; ' Flora of Hertfordshire,' 
1887, xlii. ; Journ. Bot. 1863, 318 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 290. 
Bubus CoUmanni Bloxam. 

Coles, or Cole, William (1626-62) : b. Adderbury, Oxon, 1626 ; 
d. Winchester?, 1662. B.A. Oxon, 1651; B.D. Lived at 
Putney. Art of Simpling, Introd. to Knowledge of PI.,' 
1656. * Adam in Eden,' 1657. ** The most famous simpler 
or herbalist of his time," Wood. Eees; Pritz. 65; Wood, 
Ath. Ox. iii. 621 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 277. 

Collie, Alexander (d. 1835) : d. King George's Sound, Dec, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 37 

1835. Surgeon E.N. F.L.S., 1825. On board H.M.S. 
Blossom, 1825-28. Collected in California, with Lay, in 
1827 ; also in Chili and Australia, 1832. Plants in Herb. 
Kew. Pritz. 66 ; * Botany of Beechey's Voyage ' ; Botany of 
Geol. Surv. Californ. ii. 554. 

Collins — (fl. 1820?). M.D. MS. List of Barbados plants. 
Maycock, Fl. Barbadensis, vii. 

Collins, Rev. John Coombes (fi. 1816-48). B.A. Camb., 
1826 ; M.A., 1848. List of Somerset plants in N. B. G., 553. 

CoUinson, Michael (1729 ?-95): b. Peckham?, 1729?; d. 
11 Aug., 1795; bur. at Sproughton, Suffolk. Of Hendon, 
Middlesex, and Chantry, Suffolk. Only son of the following. 
Nich. Anec. v. 315. 

CoUinson^ Peter (1694-1768) : b. St. Clement's Lane, Lombard 
Street?, 14 Jan., 1694; d. London, 11 Aug., 1768 (not at 
Thorndon). F.E.S., 1728; F.S.A., 1737. Woollen-draper. 
Had garden at Peckham till 1749, and then at Mill Hill 
(afterwards Salisbury's). Friend of Derham, Woodward, 
Dale, Sloane, Linnaeus, Bartram, Franklin, &c. Contributed 
to Gent. Mag. 1751-66. MS. account of introduction of 
American seeds in Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. Pult. ii. 275 ; 
Eees; Pritz. 66; Account by Dr. Fothergill, 1770, with 
portr., engr. T. Trotter; Nich. Anec. v. 309; ix. 609, with 
portr. ; *Hortus Collinsonianus,' by L. W. Dillwyn, 1843; 
Friends' Books, i. 443 ; Linn. Corr. i. 1-77 ; Linn. Trans, x. 
270; Loudon, 'Arboretum,' 54, 81; Cott. Gard. viii. 143; 
Gent. Mag. 1768, 398 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 382. Portr. at 
Kew. Collinsonia L. 

Colquhoun^ Sir Robert (fl. 1822). Baronet. Collected in 
Kumaon. PI. in Hort. Bot. Calcutta. Trans. Linn. Soc. 
xiii. 608. Colquhounia Wall. 

Colvill, William (fl. 1830). Of Arbroath. ' Functions of Spiral 
Vessels.' Edinb. Journ. iii. (1830) 5 ; E. S. C. ii. 26. 

Compton^ Hon. and Rev- Henry (1632-1713) : b. Compton 
Wyniates, Warwick, 1632 ; d. Fulham, 7 July, 1713 ; bur. 
Fulham. Cornet in Guards. M.A. Camb., 1661 ; and Oxon, 
1666 ; D.D., 1669 ; ordained, 1662. Bishop of Oxford, 1674 ; 
of London, *1675. Friend of Bay, &c. Introduced many 
exotics, Loudon, 'Arboretum,' 50. Pult. ii. 105, 302; Pritz. 
67 ; * Life,' 1713 ; F. L. Colvile, « Worthies of Warwickshire ' ; 
Phil. Trans, xlvii. 241 ; Cott. Gard. iv. 183 ; vii. 171 ; Wood, 
Athen. Ox. iv. 514 ; Fasti, ii. 293 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xi. 443. 
Portr. mezz. by Is. Beckett, after J. Eiley ; by J. Simon, after 
Hargrave, 1710; and engr. by D. Loggan, 1679 Comptonia 
Brongn. = Gomptonites Nilss. ? Comptonia BB,ipks MS., Gartn. 

Conway^ Charles (fl. 1836). List of Monmouth plants in 
N. B. G. 629. R. S. C. ii. 38 ; Top. Bot. 542. 

Cook, James (1728-79) : b. Marton, Yorkshire, 27 Oct., 1728 ; 
murdered Hawaii, 14 Feb., 1779. Circumnavigator. First 
voyage, with Banks and Solander, 1768-71 ; second, with J. 
R. and G. Forster, 1772-75; third, 1776-79. Pritz. 68; 
Jacks. 534 ; Comp. Bot. Mag. ii. 233 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 



38 BIOGBAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

66. Portr., by Dance, at Greenwich Hospital. Two Wedg- 
wood medallions. Coohia Sonn. 

Cook^ Samuel Edward, afterwards Widdiington [see Wm- 
drington]. 

Cooke, George (1781-1834): b. London, 1781; d. Barnes, 
Surrey, 1834. Line-engraver. Drew plates for Loddiges' 

* Bot. Cabinet.' Bryan. 

Cooper, Daniel (1817 ?-42) : b. 1817 ? ; d. Leeds, Yorkshire, 

24 Nov., 1842 ; bur. Quarry Hill Cemetery, Leeds. A.L.S., 

1837. Curator Bot. Soc. Lond., 1838. Assistant Zool. Dep. 

Mus. Brit. Assistant-Surgeon in Army, 1842. 'Flora 

Metropolitana,' 1836. Supplement, 1837. Pritz. 68; Jacks. 

534; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 173; Gent. Mag.xix. (1843), 108; E. 

S. C. ii. 41 ; Proc. Boc. Soc. Lond. 1839 ; Mag. Zool. Bot. ii. 

(1838) 163 ; Johnston Corr. 71 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 141. 

Cooperia Herbert. 
Cooper, Thomas Henry (fl. 1759?-1840?). F.L.S., 1835. 

' Botany of Sussex,' 1834. MS. M. of Notts, N. B. G. vii. 

265. Pritz. 68 ; Jacks. 260 ; Joum. Bot. 1875, sup., p. 6 ; 

Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 152. 
Coote, Dr. (fl. 1640). Of Shropshire. Sent Drosera anglica to 

Parkinson. Theatr. 1053. 
Copland, WiUiam (fl. 1556-69): d. London, 1568 or 1569. 

Printer. Compiled * Boke of tne Properties of Herbes,' 1552. 

Pult. i. 51 ; Herbert in Dibdin's Ames, iii. 133 ; Diet. Nat. 

Biog. xii. 174. 
Corbet, Richard, alias Poynter (fl. 1597). Nurseryman, of 

Twickenham. Gerard, * Herbal,' 1269. [Vincent Corbet, a 

nurseryman of Ewell, was father of Eichard Corbet (1582- 

1635), Bishop of Oxford and Norwich. Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 

203.] 
Corder, Thomas (d. 1874): d. 15 Oct., 1874. Of Writtle, 

Essex. A.L.S., 1833. Local Sec. Bot. Soc. Lond. Found 

Bupleurum falcatum in 1831. E. B. S. 2763. Phyt. ii. 336. 

Went to Adelaide, S. Austraha, 1843. 
Comfhwaite, Rev. TulUe (1807 ?-79) : b. London, 1807 ? ; 

d. Walthamstow? 1 May, 1879. M.A. Oxon, 1830; F.L.S., 

1864. Of Walthamstow. Formed a herb, and purchased 

some of Ed. Forster's plants. Herb, now in possession of 

Hildebrand Eamsden, Esq. 
Corry, Thomas Hughes (1860 ?-83): b. Ireland, 1862; 

drowned in Lough GiU, 4 Aug., 1883. B.A. Camb., 1883 ; 

F.L.S., 1882. Assistant Curator University Herbarium. 

Lecturer in the Medical and Science Schools, Cambridge. 

* Flora of N. E. Ireland,* with S. A. Stewart. Joum. Bot. 
1883, 313 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-86, 3 ; E. S. C. ix. 583. 

Corson, James (1815-41) : b. Dalscairth, Dumfriesshire, 1815 ; 

d. at sea, 16 June, 1841 ; bur. Dutch Cemetery, Timor. 

Surgeon to South Sea whaler. Collected in South Sea 

Islands (plants and shells). Plants in Edinb. Herb. Loud. 

Gard. Mag. xviii. 369. Lithospermum Gorsonianum Don. 
Couch, Jonathan (1789-1870) : b. 15 March, 1789, Polperro, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 39 

Cornwall; d. same place 13 April, 1870. Surgeon. F.L.S. 
* Potato disease,' Eept. Cornwall Polytechnic Soc, 1845, 9. 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 323. 

Couch^ Thomas Quiller (1826 ?-84) : d. Penzance, 23 Oct., 
1884. Son of preceding. Surgeon. Bot. of Polperro, Eept. 
Cornwall Polytechnic Soc, 1848,^1 ; 1849, 29. * Botanical 
Eegister,' id., 1848, 21. Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 324. 

Ooultas, Harland (d. 1877) : b. U. S. A? ; d. London, 2 Feb., 
1877. Pro Bot. Penn. Medical University, Philadelphia. 
Lect. Charing Cross Hospital. Pritz. 70 ; Jacks. 535 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1877, 192. 

Coulter, Thomas (d. 1843) : d. Dublin, 1843. M.D. ; F.B.S. 
Ed., 1836. Explored Central Mexico. Eeached Monterey, 
1831. Met Douglas in Cahfornia. Discovered Pinus Coul- 
teri. Eeturned to England, 1833. Curator of Herb. Trin. 
Coll. Dublin. Plants at Trin. Coll. Pritz. 70; C. C. 
Parry, * Botanical Explorers of Pacific Coast * ; in * Overland 
Monthly,' 1883 ; Bot. Geol. Survey. Californ. 555 ; Joum. 
E. Geogr. Soc. 1835, v. 59. Coulteria, H.B.K. = CoRsalpinia, 

Courten, William (1642-1702) : b. London, 28 Mar., 1642 ; 
d. Kensington, 29 Mar., 1702 ; bur. Kensington. Friend of 
Sloane and Sherard^ Plants in Hb. Mus. Brit. Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xii. 335. Courtenia Br. 

Oovel, Rev. John (1638-1722) : b. Horningsheath, Suffolk, 2 
April, 1638; d. Cambridge, 19 Dec, 1722 ; bur. Christ's Coll. 
chapel. M.A. Camb., 1661; Oxon. 1663; D.D., 1679. 
Chaplain to Brit. Embassy, Constantinople, 1670-81. Presi- 
dent C.C.C., 1688. Accompanied Sir G. Wheler in Asia. 
Described rare plants. * Memoir of Sir George Wheler * ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 355. Oil portr. by Valentine Eitz at 
Christ's College, Cambridge. 

Cowan^ James (d. 1823) : d. Lima, Peru, 1823. Merchant. 
Travelled in Mexico and Peru. Sent pi. to Lambert. Trans. 
Linn. Soc. xiv. 573. Cowania D. Don. 

Cowell; John (d. circ. 1730). Of Hoxton. Nurseryman. * Ac- 
count of Aloe americana/ 1729. Cott. Gard. viii. 121. 

Cowell, M. H. (fl. 1839). Corr. Memb. Bot. Soc. London. 
'Floral Guide for East Kent,' 1839. Pritz. 71 ; Jacks. 230, 
254. 

Cowley, Abraliam (1618-67) : b. London, 1618 ; d. Chertsey, 
28 July, 1667 ; bur. Westminster Abbey. M.A. Camb., 1642 ; 
M.D. Oxon, 1657 ; Camb. 1665. Poet. F.E.S., 1662. Works, 
1668, w. life by Sprat ; and portr. Pult. i. 282 ; Pritz. 71 ; 
Jacks. 212 ; Nich. Illust. iv. 398 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 379. 
Portr. engr. by T. Faithorne in ' Latin Poems,' 1668 ; another 
in * Works,' 1673; and others. Two portrs. at Bodleian; 
one by Lely in Nat. Portr. Gallery, &c. 

Coxhead, Henry (fl. 1842). ' Cat. of Vasculares of Britain,' 
1842. Pritz. 71 ; Jacks. 231. 

Co3rte, Rev- William Beeston (1741-1810) : b. 1741 ; d. Ips- 
wich, 3 Mar., 1810; bur. St. Nicholas', Ipswich. M.B. 
Camb., 1763; M.D. Of Yarmouth and Halesworth. After- 



40 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

wards practised as physician at Ipswich. A.L.S., 1788; 
F.L.S., 1794. * Hortus Botanicus Gippovicensis,' 1795; 
* Index Plantarum,' vol. i. 1807. Pritz. 71 ; Jacks. 13, 14, 
412; Gent. Mag., 1810, i. 389; Eich. Corr., 184; Nioh. 
Illust. vi. 877 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xii. 424. 

Coys, William (fl. 1600). Of Stubbers, N. Ockington, Essex. 
First flowered Yucca, 1604. Lobel, * Adversaria,* i. 501 ; ii. 
471 ; Parkinson, Theatrum, 84. 

Crabbe^ Rev. George (1754-1832) : b. Aldborough, Suffolk, 24 
Dec, 1754 ; d. Trowbridge, Wilts, 3 Feb., 1832 ; bur. Trow- 
bridge. Poet. Chaplain to Duke of Eutland at Belvoir, 
1782. LL.B. Cant., 1784. Eector of Trowbridge, 1813-32. 
Wrote, but destroyed, ' Essay on Botiany ' ; pub. list of pi. in 
Nichols' * Hist. Leicestershire,' vol. i. Bot. Guide, 537 i 
Hind. Fl. Suffolk, 479 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xii., 428. Monu- 
ment at Trowbridge. Portrs. by Pickersgill and by Phillips, 
engr. Grabbea Harv. 

CresBwell; Rev. R. (fl. 1846). Of Salcombe Regis, and Sid- 
mouth, Devon. ' Flowering PI. and Ferns of Sidmouth,' 
1846. Experimented on AlgsB and sent specimens to Harvey. 
Harvey, Phyc. Brit. 1. 16 ?, 160. Schizothrix Cresswellii Harv. 

Crichton, Sir Alexander (1763-1856) : b. Edinburgh, 2 Dec, 
1763 ; d. June, 1856. M.D., Leyden, 1785; L.R.C.P., 1791 ; 
F.L.S., 1793 ; F.R.S., 1800. Knighted 1821. Physician to 
the Czar. * Vegetable Eemains near Ballisadiere, co. Sligo,' 
Trans. Geol. Soc. Munk. ii. 416 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1857, 
XXV. ; Proc. Eoy. Soc. iii. (1856) 269 ; Quart. Journ. Geol. 
Soc. xiii. (1857) Ixiv. ; Diet. N^t. Biog. xiii. 85. 

Crichton, James Smith (1841-87) : b. Gaixfield, Arbroath, 2 
April, 1841 ; d. Arbroath, 28 June, 1887. M.D. Edin., 1864 ; 
F.B.S. Edin., 1886. President Nat. Hist. Assoc. Arbroath. 
Helped to compile * Flora of A.,' 1882. Trans. B. S. Edin. 
xvii. 522 ; Scott. Nat. 1887, 175. 

Cripps, John Marten (lV80?-1853) : d. 3 Jan. 1853. F.L.S., 
1803 ; M.A. Camb., 1803. Travelled in East with Dr. E. D. 
Clarke, and collected plants. At one time owned Pallas's 
Herb. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 231. 

Croall, Alexander (1809-85) : b. near Brechin, 1809; d. Stir- 
ling, 19 May, 1885. Of Guthrie, Forfar. Local Sec. Bot. 
Soc. London, 1843 ; Ass. B. S. Edin., 1838. * Plants of Brae- 
mar' (dried specimens), 1855; * Nature-printed Brit. Sea- 
weeds ' [with Johnstone] , 1859-60. Keeper of Museum 
and Herbarium, Derby, 1863. Parish schoolmaster ; then 
curator. Smith Institute, Stirling, 1873. Herbarium at 
Stirling. Pritz. 157 ; Jacks. 242 ; E. S. C. ii. 95 ; vii. 460 ; 
Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xvi. 309 ; Smiles, * Men of Invention ' ; 
Scott. Nat. 1885, 98, 148. 

Crocker, O. W. (1832-68) : b. Chichester, 1832 ? ; d. Torquay, 
Devon, 19 Feb., 1868. Foreman at Kew. Afterwards verger, 
Chichester Cathedral. * Germination of CyrtandrecB,* Journ. 
Linn. Soc. v. 1861. Gard. Chron. 1868, 242. 

CroBfleld, George (1785-1847): b. Warrington, 1785; d. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 41 

Liverpool, 15 Dec, 1847. Secretary, Bot. Soc. Warrington. 
' Calendar of Flora,' 1810. Pritz. 72 ; Jacks. 261 ; Annual 
Monitor, 1849; Friends' Books, i. 494; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xiii. 213. 

Crouch, Rev. James Frederick (1810 ?-89) : b. Aynho, Beds., 
1810? d. Pembridge, 1889. M.A. Oxon, 1833 ; B.D., 1841. 
Eector of Pembridge, Heref., 1849. ' On Cuscuta hassiaca ' ; 
Woolhope Club Trans., 1869, 123. Fl. Heref. pref. vi. ; E. S. 
C. vii. 469. 

Crowe, James (d. 1807). Of Lakenham, nr. Norwich. F.L.S., 
1788. Studied mosses, fungi, and willows. Had a salicetum. 
Contributed to E. B. Helped Withering (Nat. Arr., pref. 
to ed. ii.) ; Smith, Lett. i. 17. Crowea Sm. Salix Croweana 
Sm. 

Crowther, James (1768-1847) : b. Manchester, 24 June, 1768 ; 
d. Manchester, 6 Jan., 1847; bur. St. George's, Hulme. 
Weaver and porter. Contributed to 'Flora Mancuniensis.' 
Discovered Cypripedium at Malham. Cash, 77 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xiii. 245. 

Crozier, George (1792-1847) : b. Eccleston, Lane, 1792 ; d. 
Hulme, Manchester, April, 1847. Saddler. Pupil of Tho- 
mas Townley, at Blackburn. Settled in Manchester, circ. 
1831. Contributed to Phyt.i. Left large herbarium. Cash, 119. 

Cruckshanks, Alexander (fl. 1831) : Collected in Chili. ' Ac- 
count of Excursion from Lima to Pasco.' E. S. C, ii. 100; 
Bot. Misc. ii. 168. Cricckshanksia Hook. & Am. 

Cruickshanks, James (c. 1813-47) : b. Montrose, c. 1813 ; d. 
Dumfries, 3 Dec, 1847. A.B.S. Edin. Cryptogamist. 
Dumfries Jungermanniae in Phyt. i. ; Phyt. iii. 33. 

Cullen, W. (1785-1862) : b. 17 May, 1785 ; d. AUepey, India, 
1 Oct., 1862. Eesident at Court of Travancore. General, 
Madras Artillery. Meteorologist. Studied economic botany. 
Wight Icon. 1761. Balfour, Cyclop. India (ed. 2), i. 419. 
Cullenia Wight. 

Cullen, W. H. (fl. 1849). M.D. ; F.B.S.E. Of Sidmouth. 
'Flora Sidostiensis,' 1849. Pritz. 73; Jacks. 259. 

CuUum, Rev. Sir John (1733-85) : b. Hawstead, Suffolk, 21 
June, 1733; d. 9 Oct., 1785'; bur. Hawstead. B.A. Camb., 
1756. 6th Bart., 1774. F.E.S., 1775. Eector of Hawstead, 
1762 ; of Great Thurlow, 1774. * On Cedars in England,' 
Gent. Mag. 1779, 138. Discovered Veronica vema, E.B. 25. 
* History of Hawstead,' w. hst of plants, 1774 ; * Naturalist's 
Journal,' 1772-85 ; B. G., 554. Hind Fl. Suff. 476. Nich. 
Anec. vi. 625 ; viii. 209, 673 ; Nich. Illust. vii. 408 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xiii. 283. Portr. by Angelina Kauffmann, 1778, at 
Hardwick ; engr. by Basire in * History of Hawstead,' 1813 ; 
and in Nich. Anec. viii. 209. Cullumia E. Br. 

Cullum, Sir Thomas Gery (1741-1831) : b. Hardwick House, 
Suffolk, 30 Nov., 1741 ; d. Bury St. Edmunds, 8 Sept., 1831 ; 
bur. Hawstead. M.E.C.S., 1800; F.L.S., 1790; F.E.S. 
Practised at Bury St. Edmunds. Bath King-at-arms, 1771- 
1800. 7th Bart., 1785 * Florse Anglicse Specimen,' 1774; 



42 BIOGKAPHICAL INDEX OF 

' Cat. of pi. of Bury/ in Gillingwater's History of Bury, 1804 ; 
Contrib. to B. G. for several counties ; B. G. 557, &c. ; Hind. 
Fl. Suff. 478. Pritz. 73 ; Jacks. 232 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 
284. Cullumia E.Br. Sir T. G. Cullum^ his son, is said 
also to have been a botanist. Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 284. 

Culpepper, Nicholas (1616-54) : b. London, 18 Oct., 1616 ; d. 
10 Jan., 1654. Apothecary and herbalist of Spitalfields. 
'Herbal,' 1652; * English Physician,' 1652; 'Physical 
Directory,' 1649. Pult. i. 180 ; Pritz. 73 ; Jacks. 28; Gent. 
Mag., 1797, i. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 287. Portr. in ' Direc- 
tory,' 1649 ; engr. by Cross, in his * EngHsh Physician,' 1652 ; 
another in his * School of Physic' 

Cuming, Hugh (1791-1865) : b. West Alvington, S. Devon, 14 
Feb., 1791; d. London, 10 Aug., 1865. F.E.S. ; F.L.S., 
1832. Collected in South America and Pacific. In the 
Philippines, &c., 1835-39. Collected 130,000 dried speci- 
mens. Pritz. 73 ; Journ. Bot. 1865, 325 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1865-6, Ivii. ; E. S. C, ii. 103; Mag. Zool. Bot. 1838,56. 
Portr. *Men of Eminence,' 1864; Gard. Chron. 1865, 824; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 295. Cumingia Vidal. 

Cunnack^ James (fl. 1864). Bookseller, of Helston, Cornwall. 
Had large herbarium. Active Member of Bot. Exchange 
Club. Found Hypericum undulatum. Journ. Bot. 1891, 98. 
Top. Bot. 542. 

Cunningham, Allan (1791-1839) : b. Wimbledon, Surrey, 13 
July, 1791; d. Sydney, 27 June, 1839; bur. in Scottish 
Church, Sydney. F.L.S. Employed on * Hortus Kewensis,' 
circ. 1808. Kew Collector, 1814-31. At Eio, with James 
Bowie, 1814-16; at Sydney, 1816-26; in New Zealand, 
1826. Eeturned to England, 1831. Colonial Botanist and 
Superintendent, Bot. Gard., Sydney, 1836-38. Visited New 
Zealand, 1838. *F1. Ins. Novae Zelandiae,' Mag. Zool. Bot. 
1838, 210. PL bequeathed to Heward and presented to Kew, 
1862; others in Mus. Brit. Pritz. 73; Jacks. 400; Life by 
Heward in Journ. Bot. 1841-2, w. litho. portr. by J. Eobin- 
son ; original at Linn. Soc. ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 67 ; Bot. 
Eeg. 1840, p. 1 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 440; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xiii. 308. Alania Endl. Gunninghamia E. Br. 

Cunningham^ or Cuninghame, James (d. 1709?). Surgeon 
to Hon. E. I. C, at Amoy, 1698-1703. F.E.S., 1699. Sent 
pi. from China, Malacca, Cape, and Ascension to Eay, Peti- 
ver, and Plukenet ; now in Herb. Sloane, at Mus. Brit. Pult. 
ii. 59-62 ; Pritz. 73 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 440 ; Plukenet, 
*Amaltheum,' and * Phy tographia ' ; Petiver, * Museum'; 
Sloane MSS., 3322 & 4041 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 312. Gun- 
ninghamia Schreb. = Malanea Aubl. Gunninghamia E. Br. 

Cunningham, Richard (1793-1835) : b. Wimbledon, 12 Feb., 
1793; murdered by natives in mterior of Australia, circ. 
April, 1835. Brother of Allan. Employed on * Hortus Kew- 
ensis,' circ. 1808. Colonial Botanist and Superintendent of 
Bot. Gard. Sydney, 1833-1835. Pritz. 73 ; Comp. Bot. Mag. 
(ii. 1826) 210, w. Utho. portr. fr. one by McNee, belonging 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 43 

to Sir W. J. Hooker ; E. S. C, ii., 105 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, 
ii. 440 ; Loud. Gard. Mag. 1836 ; Mag. Zool. Bot. i. (1837), 
210 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 317. 

Curnow^ William (1809 ?-87) : d. Newlyn, Penzance, 24 Jan., 
1887. Market-gardener. Cryptogamist, especially Hepatic<B. 
Memb. Bot. Exch. Club. Supplied Mosses to Eabenhorst 
for ' Bryotheca EuropsBa.' Contributed to Phyt. i., and to 
Keys' Fl. Devon and Cornwall. West Cornwall Mosses in 
Penzance Nat. Hist. Soc. Eeport, 1862-5, 56 ; 1881-2, 117. 
Penzance N. H. S. Eeport, 1887-8, 309 ; Journ. Bot. 1888, 
128. Crypt, herbarium in possession of W. E. Baily, 
Penzance. Fissidens Cumowii Mitten. 

Currey, Frederick (1819-81) : b. Norwood, Surrey, 19 Aug., 
1819 ; d. Blackheath, 8 Sept., 1881; bur. Weybridge. Fung- 
ologist. M.A. Camb., 1844; F.L.S., 1856. Secretary, 
1860-80; Treasurer, 1880. F.E.S., 1858. Translated 
Schacht's * Das Mikroscop,' 1853, and Hofmeister's * Higher 
Cryptogamia,' 1862. Edited Badham's * Esculent Funguses,' 
1863; * Fungi of Greenwich,' Phyt. 1854. Collection of 
Fungi at Kew. Pritz. 73; Journ. Bot. 1881, 310; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1881-2, 59 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 412 ; E. S. C, 
ii. 108, ix. 619 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 341. Photo portr. at 
Linn. Soc. 

Curror, A. B. (fl. 1840). M.D., E.N.,of H.M.S. " Waterwitch." 
Collected on West Coast of Africa. Herb, at Kew, Ic. PL 
605. Curroria Planch. 

Curtis, Samuel (1779-1860) : b. Walworth, Surrey, 1779 ; d. 
La Chaire, Eozel, Jersey, 6 Jan., 1860. Florist at Walworth. 
Married a dau. of William Curtis in 1801. Became pro- 
prietor of Bot. Mag. Lived at Glazenwood, Coggeshall, 
Essex, and at La Chaire. F.L.S., 1810. Pritz. 73; Jacks. 
536 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1860, xxii ; Cott. Gard. xxiii. 335 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 349. 

Curtis, Thomas (fl. 1800). Brother of following. Conducted 
Bot. Mag. 1799-1800. Gard. Chron. 1887, i. 479. 

Curtis, William (1746-99) : b. Alton, Hants, 1746 ; d. Bromp- 
ton, 7 or 27 July, 1799; bur. Battersea. F.L.S., 1788. 
Apothecary. Taught by John Lagg, ostler. Crown Inn, Alton. 
Demonstrator to Fordyce at St. Thomas's Hospital. PrsB- 
fectus Horti, Chelsea, 1772-77. ' Flora Londinensis,' 1777- 
87 ; ' Bot. Mag.' commenced, 1787 ; * British Grasses,' 1787 ; 
* Lectures,' 1805. Eees; Pritz. 73; Jacks. 536. Life by 
Goodenough, Gent. Mag. vol. 69, pp. 628 & 635 ; by Thornton, 
w. portr. in * Lectures ' (1805) ; Nich. lUust. vi. 256 ; Indexes 
to Bot. Mag. 1828 ; Felton, 184 ; Semple, 104 ; Annals of 
Bot. (1805) 189 ; Friends' Books, i. 502 ; Fl. Midd. 393 ; 
Cott. Gard. iv. 205 ; Journ. Hort. 1876, xxi. 239 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1887, i. 479 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 349. Portr. in 
Thornton's * Botany,' and at Kew. Gurtisia Alton. 

Cutler, Catherine (d. 1866) : d. Exmouth, 15 April, 1.866. Of 
Sidmouth. Algologist. AlgsB in Herb. Mus. Brit Pritz. 
74 ; Journ. Bot. 1866, 238. Ctitleria Grev. 



44 BIOGBAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

Dale, Samuel (1659-1739) : b. Whitechapel ? 1659 ; d. Booking, 
Essex, 6 June, 1739 ; bur. Dissenters' burial-ground, Book- 
ing. Apothecary and Physician. Practised at Braintree. 
Friend and executor of Bay, correspondent of Sloane (Sloane 
MSS., 4042). ' Pharmacologia,' 1693 ; Supplement, 1705 ; 
'History of Harwich,' 1730; Contributed to Phil. Trans. 
1692-1736. Herbarium bequeathed to Apothecaries' Com- 
pany, now in Herb. Mus. Brit. Pult. ii. 122 ; Rees ; Pritz. 
75; Jacks. 199, 200 ; Semple, 63 ; Gibson, Fl. of Essex, 446 ; 
Joum. Bot. 1883, 193, 225 ; Gent. Mag. 1739, 327 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xiii. 385. Oil portr. at Apothecaries' Hall, 
engrav. by G. Vertue in * Pharmacologia,' ed. 3, 1737, 
autotyped in Joum. Bot. 1883 ; copy at Kew. Dalea Brown 
=Eujpatorium Dalea L. Dalea L. 

Dalton Rev. James (1765 ?-1843) : b. 1765?; d. Croft, York- 
shire, 2 Jan., 1843. M.A. Camb., 1790; Rector of Croft, 
1805 ; F.L.S., 1801. Contributed to E. Bot. Studied 
Carices and Mosses. Discovered Scheuchzeria. Pritz. 75 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 172 ; Ann. Bot. ii. 197 ; B.G., 663. Dal- 
tonia Hook. & Tayl. 

Dalton^ John (1766-1844) : b. Eaglesfield, nr. Cockermouth, 6 
Sept., 1766 ; d. Manchester, 28 July, 1844 ; bur. Ardwick 
Cemetery, Manchester. LL.D., Edin., 1834 ; D.C.L. Oxon, 
1832 ; F.R.S., 1822. Chemist. Pupil of John Gough. 
Herbarium at Manchester Public JLiibrary. Memoirs by R. 
Angus Smith, w. portr. engr. after Allen ; * Worthies of 
Cumberland,' by H. Lonsdale, 1874; Mem. Manchester Lit. 
Phil. Soc. 1856 ; and, w. portr., by Dr. W. C. Henry, 1854 ; 
'Annual Monitor,' 1845; * Friends' Books, i. 506; R.S.C., 
ii. 122 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 429 ; Portr. by AUen, 1814, at 
Manchester Phil. Soc. Marble statue by Chantrey at Man- 
chester Roy. Instit., and bronze copy at Royal Infirmary. 

Dalzell, Nicol Alexander (1817-78) : b. Edinburgh, 21 April, 
1817; d. Edinburgh, Jan., 1878. M.A. Edin., 1837 ; F.B.S. 
Ed., 1836. In India, 1841-1870. Conservator of Forests, 
Bombay. * Bombay Flora ' (w. A. Gibson), 1861. Con- 
tributed to Linn. Trans. ; Joum. Bot. 1850-1857 ; Proc. 
Bot. Soc. Ed., &c. Plants at Kew. Pritz. 75 ; Jacks. 387, 
390, 392; R.S.C. ii. 135; vii. 479; Athen^um, 1878, 162; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xiii. 448. Dalzellia Hook. = Cyanotis. 

Dampier, William (1652-1715) : b. East Coker, Yeovil, 1652 ; 
d. London, Mar., 1715. Circumnavigator. Collected in 
Brazil, Australia, Timor, New Guinea, &c. ' New Voyage 
round the World' (1697). Plants in Brit. Mus. (Herb. 
Sloane, 93, 94) and at Oxford. Pritz. 75 ; Rees ; Ray's 
Hist. Plant, iii. (Suppl.) 225 ; Las^gue, 360 ; * Life,' Edin- 
burgh Cabinet Library, vol. v., 1830 ; * Early English 
Voyagers,' 1886 ; Biography by W. C. Russell, 1889; Journ. 
Bot. 1873, 348 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 2. Portr. by T. Murray 
in Nat. Portr. Gallery. Dampiera Br. 

Dancer, Thomas (1755 ?-1811) : b. 1755 ? ; d. Kingston, 
Jamaica, 1 Aug., 1811. M.D. Succeeded Dr. Clark as 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 46 

Curator Bot. Gard. Bath, Jamaica, 1787. ' Catalogue of 
Bot. Gard. Jamaica,' 1792. * Cinnamon trees in Jamaica,' 
Trans. Soc. Arts, vol. 8. Plants at Kew. Pritz. 75 ; Jacks, 
449 ; Forsyth MSS. in Cott. Gard. viii. 159 ; Gent. Mag. 
1811, pt. ii., 390 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 14. 

Dandridge, Thomas (fl. 1723-30). Of Stoke Newington. 
*' A pattern-drawer in Moorfields," Buddie MS. Mycologist, 
ornithologist and lepidopterist. Friend of W. Sherard. 
Corresponded with Petiver. Nich. Illust. i. 357 ; iii. 782 ; 
Eich. Corr. 204. 

Daniel^ Henry (fl. 1379). Dominican friar. * Aaron Danielis, 
do re herbaria, de arboribus, fructicibus ' . . . MS. in Bod- 
leian. Pult. i. 23 ; Tanner, 218 ; Haller, i. 232 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xiv. 24. 

Daniel, Rev- Richard (d. 1864): d. Combs, Sufe., 20 Feb., 
1864. Eector of Combs, 1836. M.A. Cantab, 1827 ; F.L.S., 
1862. Had large collection of Mosses. Proc. Linn. Soc. 
xxviii., 1863-4. 

Daniel, Samuel (fl. 1695). Surgeon. Sent plants from Greece 
to Petiver (Mus. Pet. 211, 624). 

Daniell, William Freeman (1818-65) : b. Liverpool, 1818 ; d. 
Southampton, 26 June, 1865; bur. Kensal Green. M.D. 
F.L.S., 1855. Eesided on West Coast of Africa, 1841-53, 
afterwards to W. Indies, and, in 1860, China. PI. in Herb. 
Mus. Brit. Pritz. 75 ; Jacks. 368 ; Pharm. Journ. vols, ix.- 
xviii. and 2nd ser. i.-iv. ; Ann. & Mag., 1862 ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. 1865-6, p. lix. ; Journ. Bot. 1863, 294 ; E. S. C. ii. 146 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 35. Daniellia Benn. 

Danvers, Henry, Earl of Danby (1573-1644) : b. Dauntsey, 
Wilts, 28 June, 1573; d. Cornbury Park, Oxford, 20 Jan., 
1644 ; bur. in Dauntsey Church. Founded Oxford Physic 
Garden, 1632. Pult. i. 165 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 37. Portr. 
at Dauntsey Eectory ; and one engr. by Cochran, in Lodge. 
Mezzo, by V. Green, after A. van Dyck. 

Dare, George (fl. 1690?). Apothecary of London. Discovered 
Hymenophylkcm at Tunbridge Wells, before 1698. Petiver, 
Museum, p. 73 ; Plukenet, Almagestum, 10. Darea Juss. 

Darwin, Charles Robert (1809-82) : b. The Mount, Shrews- 
bury, 12 Feb., 1809 ; d. Down, Kent, 19 April, 1882 ; bur. 
Westminster Abbey. M.A. Camb., 1837 ; LL.D., 1878, &c. ; 
F.L.S., 1854; F.E.S., 1839. Naturalist, -H.M.S. * Beagle, 
1831-36. * Journal,' 1839. * Origin of Species,' 1859. * Fer- 
tilisation of Orchids,' 1862. * Climbing Plants,' Journ. Linn. 
Soc. ix. 1875. * Variation,' 1868. ^ Insectivorous Plants,' 
1875. 'Cross and Self Fertilisation,' 1876. 'Life and 
Lietters,' with 3 portr., bibliog., and list of portr., 1887. Oil 
portr. by J. Collier, at Linn. Soc, etched by L. Flameng. 
Statue by Boehm, Mus. Nat. Hist,, Kensington. Pritz. 76 ; 
Jacks. 537 ; Journ. Bot. 1882 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1881-2, 60, 
1887-8, 67. ; Gard. Chron. w. portr. 1882, i. 535 ; E. S. C» 
ix. 638 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 72 ; Portr. in Ipswich Museum 
series. Copies at Kew and Linn. Soc, Berberis Dariviniu 



46 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Darwin, Erasmus (1731-1802) : b. Elston Hall, Notts., 12 
Dec, 1731 ; d. Derby, nS April, 1802. M.B. Camb., 1755 ; 
M.D. Edin. ; F.R.S. f F.L.S., 1792. Grandfather of the 
preceding. Poet. Practised at Lichfield till 1781 ; then at 
Derby. * Botanic Garden,' 1781. ' Phytologia,' 1801. Trans- 
lated LinnaBus's ' Systema Vegetabilium ' as a ' System of 
Vegetables ' (1783), and his Genera and MantisssB as * The 
Families of Plants,' 1787. Pritz. 76 ; Jacks. 537 ; Memoirs 
by Miss Seward, 1804 ; Life by Charles Darwin, 1879 ; Nich. 
Anecd. ix. 75 ; Felton, 164 ; Cott. Gard. iv. 43 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xiv. 84. Portr. in Thornton's Botany ; one by Wright, 
1770 ; photo'd in Life by Charles Darwin, 1879 ; one by S. 
J. Arnold, engr. by B. Pym, 1801. Wedgwood medallion ; 
oneatKew. Darwinia'Rudge, Danvinia'Denstai>dt=LitscBa 
Juss. 

Darwin, Robert Waring (1724-1816) : b. Newark, 1724 ; d. 
Elston, 1816. M.D. Leyden, 1784. Uncle of the above- 
mentioned. ' Principia Botanica,' 1787, ed. 2, 1807 ; ed. 3, 
1810. Pritz. 76 ; Jacks. 537. 

Daubeny, Charles Giles Bridle (1795-1867) : b. Stratton 
Gloucestershire, 11 Feb., 1795 ; d. Oxford, 13 Dec, 1867 
bur. Magdalen College. M.A. Oxon, 1817; M.D., 1821 
F.L.S., 1830; F.R.C.P., 1822 ; F.R.S., 1822. Prof. Chemistry 
Oxford, 1822 ; of Botany, 1834. * Action of Light on Plants, 
Phil. Trans. 1836. ' Roman Husbandry,' 1857. * Trees of 
the Ancients,' 1865. 'Miscellanies,' 1867. Pritz. 77; 
Jacks. 537 ; R. S. C. ii. 155 ; vii. 488 ; Journ. Bot. 1868, 22 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1867, 1294 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. ix. 267 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1867-8, ci. ; Proc. Roy. Soci xvii., Ixxiv. ; Munk, 
iii. 254 ; Journ. Hort. xiii. (1867) 462 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 
94. Oil portr. at Oxford Bot. Garden. Dauhenya Lindl. 

Davall, Edmund (1763-98) : b. in England, 1763 ; d. Orbe, 
Switzerland, 26 Sept., 1798. F.L.S. Lived in Switzerland 
from 1788. Correspondent of Smith. Left incomplete 
* Illustrations of Swiss Plants.' PI. in Smith's Herbarium, 
Annals of Bot. i. (1805), 576. Rees ; Pritz. 77 ; Smith Lett. 
ii. 1-4, 70, &c. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 99. Davallia Sm. 

Davies, G^eorge (1834-92) : b. Brighton, 12 Feb., 1834 ; d. 
Brighton, 6 April, 1892. Bryologist. List of Mosses in 
Erridge's ' Hist, of Brighton,' 1862 ; contrib. to Grevillea 
(1874 and 1876). Moss herbarium in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
R. S. C. ix. 648 ; Journ. Bot. 1892, 288. 

Davies, Rev. Hugh (1739 ?-1821) : b. Anglesey, 1739 ? ; d. 
Beaumaris, 16 Feb. 1821. M.A. Cantab, 1763. Rector of 
Aber. F.L.S., 1790. Friend of Hudson. ' Welsh Botan- 
ology,' 1813. Contributed to * Flora Anglica,' * Flora Britan- 
nica,' and ' Eng. Bot.' Herbarium in Mus. Brit. Pritz. 
77 ; Jacks. 247 ; R. S. C. ii. 166 ; Bot. Guide, i. ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xiv. 138. Daviesia Sm. 

Davies^ Rev. John (circ. 1570-1644) : b. Llanrhaiadar, Den- 
bigh, c. 1570 ; d. Mallwyd, Merioneth, 15 May, 1644 ; bur. 
in Mallwyd Church. D.D. Oxon, 1616. Rector of Mallwyd, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 47 

1604. Canon of St. Asaph, 1617. Welsh lexicographer. 
* AntiqusB lingusB BritannicaB et . . . LatinaB Dictionarium/ 
including * Botanologium/ 1632. Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 144. 

Davy, David Elisha (fl. 1805). Of Ufford and Yoxford, Suff. 
Contrib. to Bot. Guide. MS. lists of plants in Brit. Mus. 
Library. Hind, FL, Suff., 481. 

Davyes, Robert (1684-1728) : b. 1684; d. 22 May, 1728. Of 
Guissancy, Flintshire. Antiquary. Catalogue of British 
names of plants in Johnson's Gerard. Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 
154. Monument in Mold Church. 

Dawes, John Samuel (1802-78) : b. Birmingham, 1802 ; d. 
Edgbaston, 20 Dec, 1878. Ironmaster. F.G.S., 1842. 
' Sternbergia,' Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc. 1845 ; ' Halonia.' ib. 
1848 ; * Calamites,' ib, 1849-51. Proc. Geol. Soc. 1878-9. 

Dawson^ — (fl. 1750). Of Leeds. Surgeon and Apothecary. 
'* Eminent for knowledge of Eay's botanical system." 

Day^ John (d. 1888). Orchid cultivator. Made large collec- 
tion of drawings of Orchids. Collected ferns in Perak. 
Helped in Veitch's Man. Orchidaceous Plants. Specimens 
in Herb. Mus. Brit, Gard. Chron. 1888, iii. 88 ; Journ. Bot. 
1887, 323. Nephrodium Dayi Bedd. 

Deakin, Richard (d. 1873) : d. Tunbridge Wells, 18 Feb., 1873. 
M.D. Practised at Sheffield. * Florigraphia Britannica,' 
1837-48 (re-issue, 1857). * Flora of Colosseum,' 1855. 
'Flowering Plants of Tunbridge,' 1871. Pritz. 77; Jacks. 
537 ; E. S. C. ii. 185 ; vii. 500 ; Joiim. Bot. 1873, 128. 

Dean, William (fl. 1824). 'Botanic Gardener' to Earl of 
Coventry. * Hortus Croomensis,' 1824. 

Dede, James (fl. 1809). ' The English Botanist's Pocket Com- 
panion,' 1809. Jacks. 36. 

Deering, George Charles (1695 ?-1749) : b. in Saxony, 1695?; 
d. Nottingham, 12 April, 1749 ; bur. St. Peter's Churchyard, 
Nottingham. M.D., Leyden and Eheims. At Leyden, 1708- 
11. Pupil of Boerhaave and Bernard de Jussieu. Member 
of Bot. Soc. Lond. 1721-26. Practised at Nottingham from 
1736. * Catalogue . . . Nottingham,' 1738. Assisted Dille- 
nius in * Historia Muscorum." Herbarium bought by Hon. 
Eothwell Willughby. Pult. ii. 257 ; Pritz. 78 ; Jacks. 257 ; 
Nich. lUust. i. 211, 220 ; iii. 571 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 279. 
Deeringia Br. 

Delany^ Mary^ nee Granville^ formerly Pendarves (1700- 
88) : b. Coulton, Wilts, 14 May, 1700 ; d. St. James' Place, 
Westminster, 15 April, 1788; bur. St. James', Westminster; 
m. 1, Alexander Pendarves; m. 2, Eev. Patrick Delany, 
Dean of Down. Executed a Herbal in 9 vols, folio, of 100 
plates each; in coloured papers, having "the exactness of 
Botany," 1778. Pritz. 78; Jacks. 44; Autobiog. 1861-2; 
W. Gilpin, * Picturesque Beauty,' ii. 190; Nich. Anecd. iv. 
715 ; Gent. Mag. Iviii. 371, 462 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 308. 
Portr. by Opie at Hampton Court. 
Denham, Dixon (1786-1828) : b. London, 1 Jan., 1786; d. Free 
Town, Sierra Leone, 8 May, 1828. Lieut.-col. African 



48 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Traveller. In Africa with Clapperton and Oudney from 
1822-25. * Narrative of Travels . . . in . . . Central Africa, 
1826, with an 'Appendix of Natural History.' Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xiv. 341. Denhamia Schott = Galcasia. 

Dennes, George Edgar (fl. 1838-50); F.L.S., 1838. Sec. 
Bot. Soc. Lond. 1839. Solicitor. Editor, * London Cat. 
British Plants ' (ed. 1). Phytol. i. 1014, 1098 (1844) ; ii. 815 ; 
Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. Vicia Dennesiana Wats. 

Denny, Henry (1803-71): b. Norwich?, 1803; d. Leeds, 
7 March, 1871. Entomologist. Curator of Leeds Museum. 
Sent list of Leeds plants to Watson for New Bot. Guide 
(p. 274). Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 374. 

Denson, John (fl. 1822-38) : d. 1874. A.L.S. Curator, Bot. 
Gard. Bury St. Edmunds. Did the botanical part of Lou- 
don's ' Arboretum,' * Arboretum,' p. viii, and ' 1st additional 
supplement ' (1832), to Loudon's ' Herb. Brit.' Bot. Mag. 
2422. Cat. Bot. Gard. Bury St. Edmunds, 1822. Jacks. 409 ; 
E. S. C. ii. 240. 

Dent, Peter (d. 1689): b. Cambridge?; d. Cambridge, 1689; 
bur. St. Sepulchre's, Cambridge, 5 Oct. Physician and 
Apothecary. M.B. Lambeth, 1678 ; Cambridge, 1680. 
Friend of Ray. Assisted in the ' Historia.' Eay Hist. i. 
856. Discovered Papaver duhium. Pult. i. 200 ; Piyor, 
Flora Herts. 1. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xiv. 378. 

Dewhurst, John (fl. 1810-35). Fustian-maker. Of Manchester. 
President of Lancashire Botanists, 1810-35. Cash, 16. 

Dick, Robert (1811-66) : b. TuUybody, Clackmannanshire, Jan. 
1811 ; d. Thurso, 24 Dec. 1866 ; bur. same place. Baker. 
Eediscovered Hierochloe borealis. Herbarium at Free 
Library, Thurso. Cash, 170 ; Life by S. Smiles, with portr. ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 16. 

Dickenson, Rev. Samuel (fl. 1735-99) : LL.B. Camb., 1755. 
Eector of Blymhill, Staffordshire. Correspondent of Wither- 
ing, and contributed notes on Agrostis, &c., to 3rd ed. of his 
* Arrangement,' With. Arr. 3rd ed., preface. Contributed 
list of plants to Shaw's Hist, of Staffordshire. Letters in 
Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. 

Dickie, George (1812-82): b. Aberdeen, 23 Nov., 1812; d. 
Aberdeen, 15 July, 1882. M.A. Aberdeen, 1830 ; M.E.C.S. 
Lond., 1834; M.D. Aberd., 1842; F.L.S., 1863; F.R.S., 
1881. Algologist. Lecturer on Bot. King's Coll., Aberd., 
1839. Prof. Nat. Hist. Belfast, 1849. Prof. Bot. Aberdeen, 
1860-77. * Flora Aberdonensis,' 1839. * Botanist's Guide 
to . . . Aberdeen . . .' 1860. ' Flora of Ulster,' 1864. Algas 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Pritz. 82 ; Jacks. 539 ; R. S. C. ii. 283 ; 
vii. 531 ; ix. 696 ; Journ. Bot. 1883, 30; N.B.G., 489 ; Top. 
Bot. ed. i. 522 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. 1839 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1882-3, 40 ; Stewart and Corry, Fl. N.E. Ireland, xx. ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. XV. 32. Dichieia Berkl. & Ealfs. 

Dickinson, John (fl. 1699). Sent plants from Bermuda to 
Petiver. Journ. Bot. 1881, 258. 

Dickinson, Joseph (d. 1865) : d. Liverpool, 21 or 26 July, 1865. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 49 

M.A. and M.D. Dublin, 1843 ; P.L.S. ; F.E.S. Lecturer on 
Physic and Botany, Liverpool School of Medicine, 1839. 
* Flora of Liverpool,' 1851 ; Supplement, 1855. Pritz. 82 
Jacks. 255 ; E. S. C. ii. 285 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 36. 

Dickinson, William (1799 ?-1882) : d. Thorncroft, near Work- 
ington, Cumberland, 1882. F.L.S., 1855. Land-surveyor 
Compiled ' Cumberland Glossary.' Baker, Flora of Lake 
District, p. 12 ; E. S. C. ii. 285. 

Dickson, Alexander (1836-87) : b. Edinburgh, 21 Feb., 1836 ; 
d. Hartree, Peebles, 30 Dec, 1887. M.D. Edin., 1860; 
M.D. Dublin. ; LL.D. Glasgow. Pupil of J. H. Balfour. 
Deputy Prof. Bot., Aberdeen, 1862. Prof. Trin. Coll. Dublin, 
1866 ; Glasgow, 1868 ; Edinburgh, and Eegius Keeper, Bot. 
Gard., 1879. Pritz. 82 ; Jacks. 91 ; E. S. C. ii. 285 ; vii. 532 ; 
ix. 697 ; Joum. Bot. 1888, 63 ; * Nature,' Jan. 5, 1888 ; Ann. 
Bot. 1888, 306 (bibliog.) ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xvii. 508 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1888, iii. 24 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1887-8, 88 ; 
Scott. Nat. 1888, 242; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 41. 

Dickson, Edward Dalzel (fl. 1840). M.D. Settled at Con- 
stantinople. Collected oaks in Kurdistan. Bot. Eeg. 1841, 
p. 24. 

Dickson, James (1738-1822) : b. Traquhair, Peebles, 1738 ; d. 
Broad Green, Croydon, 14 Aug., 1822. Cryptogamist and 
nurseryman. Orig. F.L.S., 1788. E. H. S. (1804). Pub- 
lished fascicles of British cryptogams (1785-1801) and flower- 
ing plants (1793-1802). Pritz. 82 ; E. S. C. ii. 285 ; Life of 
M. Park, * Journal,' 1815, vi. ; Trans. Hort. Soc. v., appendix 
1 ; Smith Lett. ii. 234 ; Felton, 186 ; Gent. Mag. 92, 376 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 44. Portr. in oil in Lindley Liljrary, 
and one in possession of family; one at Kew. Dicksonia 
L'Heritier. 

Dickson^ Joseph (d. 1874) : d. Berwick-on-Tweed, 4 Mar., 1874. 
M.D. Edin., 1842. Lived long in Jersey. E. S. C. ii. 286. 

Dickson^ R. W. (pseud. Alexander M'Donald) (fl. 1806). M.D.? 
Of Hendon, Middlesex. * Complete Diet, of Practical Garden- 
ing,' 1807. Johnson, 282. 

Dickson, Robert (1804-75) : b. Dumfries, 1804 ; d. 13 Oct., 
1875. M.D. Edin., 1826 ; F.L.S., 1831. Practised in Lon- 
don. Bot. Lect. St. George's Hospital. * Lecture on Dry 
Eot,' 1838. Contributed to Maund and Holl's * Naturalist,' i. 
(1837), 146, 197. Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 44. 

l>i&by. Sir Kenelm (1603-65) : b. 11 June or 11 July, 1603 ; 
d. London, 11 June, 1665 ; bur. Christ Church, Newgate. 
Knighted, 1623. F.E.S. Lectured at Gresham Coll. on 
vegetation, 1661. Discovered plant's need of oxygen. 
' Memoirs,' 1827 ; Ath. Oxon. iii. 688 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 
60. Portrs. by Vandyck in National Portr. Gallery and 
Oxford University Gallery, and at Ejiole. 

Dillenius, John James (1687-1747) : b. Darmstadt, 1687 ; d. 
Oxford, 2 April, 1747 ; bur. St. Peter's-in-the-east, Oxford. 
M.D. Giessen ; M.D. Oxon, 1735. Came to England, 1721. 
Edited Bay's ' Synopsis,' 1724. * Hortus Elthamensis,' 1732. 

5 



50 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

'Historia Mnscorum/ 1741. First Sherardian Prof. Bot. 
Oxford. Pult. ii. 153 ; Rees ; Pritz. 84 ; Jacks. 539 ; Linn. 
Corr, ii. 82 ; Rich. Corr. 209 ; Druce, Fl. Oxford, 381 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. XV. 79. Portr. at Oxford Bot. Gard. ; copy at 
Linn. Soc. Dillenia L. 
Dillwyn, Lewis Weston (1778-1855) : b. Ipswich, 21 Aug., 
1778; d. Skethy Hall, Swansea, 31 Aug., 1855. Of Wal- 
thamstow and (from 1803) Swansea. China manufacturer. 
F.L.S., 1800 ; F.R.S., 1804. M.P. for Glamorgan, 1832-41. 

* British Confervse,' 1802-7. 'Botanist'^ Guide' (with 
Dawson Turner), 1805. *Hortus CoUinsonianus,' 1743. 
Pritz. 84; Jacks. 540; R. S. G. ii. 295; Linn. Trans, vi. 
(1802) ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1856, xxxvi. ; Friends' Books, i. 
532 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 90. Portr. at Kew. Dillioynia Sm. 

Dixon, David (fl. c. 1800). Of Wakefield. Vet. Surgeon. 
Lees, * Fl. West Yorks.' p. 99. 

Dodd, Rev. John (fl. 1800-5). Vicar of Wigton, Cumberland, 
1804. B. G. 143. 

Dodsworth, Rev. Matthew (fl. 1660-90). B.A. Camb., 1674; 
Oxon.,.1675; M.A., 1678. Rector of Sessay, Yorkshire, 1690. 
Correspondent of Plukenet (Aim. 180, 201, 251). Mentioned 
in R. Syn. Sloane MSS. 4043-58, & 60. Plants in Hb. Sloane, 
xxvii. Pult. ii. 14. 

Don, David (1799-1841) : b. Doo Hillock, Forfar, 21 Dec, 
1799; d. London, 8 Dec, 1841 ; bur. Kensal Green. A.L.S., 
1823 ; F.L.S. Came to London, 1819. Employed in Chelsea 
Garden. Librarian to Lambert, and, from 1822, to Linn. 
Soc Prof. Bot. King's College, 1836-41. ' Prodromus Florae 
Nepalensis,' 1825, Conducted * Sweet's British Flower 
Garden ' from about 1830. Pritz. 89 ; Jacks. 540 ; R. S. C. 
ii. 312; Phyt. i. 133, with bibhog. ; Ann. & Mag. viii. 1842, 
397, with bibliog., and 478; 'Florist's Journal,' no. xxiv. ; 
Scott. Nat. 1881, 115 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 145 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. XV. 204. Donia R. Br. = Orindelia. JDoniophytum 
Wedd. 

Don, George (1798-1856): b. Doo HiUock, Forfar, 17 May, 
1798; d. Kensington, 25 Feb., 1856. A.L.S., 1822; F.L.S., 
1831. Brother of preceding. Foreman, Chelsea, 1816-21. 
Collected in ' Iphigenia ' for Roy. Hort. Soc. in Brazil, W. 
Indies, and Sierra Leone, 1822-3. Trans. Roy. Hort. Soc 
vols, v., vi., &e. Article * Botany ' in Eneyel. Metropolitana, 
1844, w. T. Edwards. Edited Sweet's * HortusBritannicus,' 
ed. 3, and prepared 1st Supp. to Loudon's ' EncyclopsBdia.' 

* General System of Gardening and Botany,' 1831-7. PI. 
bought from Roy. Hort. Soc by Mus. Brit. Pritz. 89 ; Jacks. 
540 ; R. S. C. ii. 314 ; Proc. Linn. Soc 1856, xxxix. ; Cott. 
Gard. xvi. 152 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 206. 

Don, .George (1764-1814) : b. Menmuir, Kincardineshire, 1764 ; 
d. Forfar, 14 Jan., 1814; bur. Forfar. A.L.S., 1803. Father 
of preceding. Superintendent, Edinburgh Bot. Gard., 1802. 
Nurseryman, of Doo Hillock, Forfar. * Acet. of Plants of 
Forfar,' 1812. ' Herbarium Britannicum ' (fasciculi) 1804-6. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 51 

Found various rare Highland plants. Mem. Wernerian Soc. 
vol. iii. 1821. E. S. C. ii. 314 ; Scott. Nat. 1881, 62, 109, 
149 ; 1884, 126, 176, 217, 258 ; 1885, 12 ; Bot. Gaz. iii. 85. 
Donia G. & D. Don = Clianthus, Jungermannia Donniana 
Hook. 
Donald, James (1815-72) : b. Forfar, 1815 ; d. Hampton Court, 

13 Dec, 1872. At Chiswick, 1839-42. Pupil of Lindley. 
Superintendent, Hampton Court, from 1856. Left an herba- 
rium. Wrote on Begonias. Gard. Chron. 1873, 46. E. S. C. 
ii. 314. Donaldia Klotzsch = Begonia, 

Bonn, James (1758-1813) : b. 1758 ; d. Cambridge, 14 June, 
1813. A.L.S., 1795; F.L.S., 1812. Under Aiton at Kew. 
Curator, Cambridge Garden, 1796. ' Hortus Cantabrigiensis,' 
1796. Pritz. 89 ; Jacks. 409 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 222. 

Doody, Samuel (1656-1706) : b. Staffordshire, 1656; d. London, 
1706. Apothecary. F.R.S., 1695. Keeper of Chelsea Garden 
from 1692. Assisted Ray in * Historia,' vol. ii., and in 

* Synopsis.' Left MS. on Mosses, Sloane MS. 2315. Cor- 
responded with Petiver and Plukenet. Herbarium in Sloane's 
at Mus. Brit. **The Dillenius of his time," Pult. ''Inter 
pharmacopoeos Londinenses sui temporis coryphsBus," Juss. 
Rich. Corr. 11 ; Sloane MSS. 2972, 4043 ; Phil. Trans. 1697, 
390; Fl. Midd. 376 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 236. DoocZia Roxb. 
= Uraria, Doodia R. Br. 

Doubleday^ Edward (1811-49) : b. Epping, 1811 ; d. London, 

14 Dec, 1849. Entomologist. Assist. Zool. Dept. Brit. Mus. 
V.-P. Bot. Soc. Lond. F.L.S. * Lilium Martagon,' Phyt. i. 
62. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 84 ; R. S. C. i. 326 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. XV. 254. Portr. at Entomol. Soc. 

Doubleday, Henry (1808-75) : b. Epping, 1 July, 1808 ; d. 
Epping, 29 June, 1875 ; bur. Epping. Brother of preceding. 
Entomologist. *Bardfield Oxlips,' Phyt. i. 204, 275; 

* Naturalist's Pocket Almanack,' 1845 ; R. S. C. i. 326 ; vii. 
551 ; * Entomologist,' x. 53 (w. photograph) ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
XV. 254. 

Douglas, David (1798-1834): b. Scone, Perth, 1798; killed. 
Sandwich Isles, 12 July, 1834 ; bur. on spot. A.L.S., 1824. 
F.L.S. , 1828. Apprenticed at Scone. With W. J. Hooker 
in Highlands. Sent to America by Hort. Soc, 1823. At 
Rio, 1824 ; in British Columbia, 1825-7 ; in California, 1830-2 ; 
on Eraser River, 1832-3. PI. at Kew, Mus. Brit., and Cam- 
bridge. Collected 800 species in California. Introduced 217 
new species into England. Pritz. 570 ; R. S. C. ii. 327 ; 
Loud. Gard. Mag. xi. (1835), 271; Cott. Gard. vi. 263; 
Gard. Chron. 1885, vol. xxiv. 173, with engr. portr. ; Comp. 
Bot. Mag. ii. 79 (w. portr.) ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 291. 
Original portraits at Kew and Linn. Soc. Dotiglasia Lindl. 

Douglas, Francis (1815-86) : b. Kelso, 14 Mar., 1815 ; d. Kelso, 
7 Mar., 1886. M.D. Edin., 1836. To India, 1845. Pres. 
Berwick Nat. Club, 1841-2. Berwick Plants in Hist. Berw. 
Nat. Club, i. 32. R. S. C. ii. 327 ; Hist. Berw. Nat. Club, xi. 
538 ; Johnston Corr. 73. 



52 BIOOBAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

Douglas, James (1675-1742) : b. Scotland, 1675 ; d. London, 
April, 1742; bur. St. Andrew's, Holbom. M.D. Bheims; 
F.R.S., 1706 ; F.R.C.P., 1721. * LiUum samiense,' 1725. 
' Arbor Yemensis,' 1727. " Vir eruditus et solers," Haller. 
Phil. Trans. 1725, 380. Pult. ii. 234 ; Pritz. 90 ; Munk, ii. 
77 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 329. Dauglassia Houston = 
Volkameria L. 

Dovaston, John Freeman Milward (1782-1854) : b. Westfel- 
ton, Shrewsbury, 30 Dec, 1782 ; d. and bur. same place, 30 
Aug., 1854. M.A. Oxon, 1807. R. S. C. ii. 329 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. XV. 876. 

Drake, Sir Francis Henry (1722-94) : b. 26 Aug., 1722 ; d. 19 
Feb., 1794. Friend of Hudson. MS. notes published in 
Joum. Bot. 1884, 168. Polwhele, Hist. Devon. Fl. Ply- 
mouth, p. 25. 

Drake, Miss. (fl. 1831-47): Botanical artist. Illustrated 
Lindley's *Sertum Orehidaeeum,' Bateman's ' OrehidaceaB of 
Mexico,' and ' Bot. Register ' (1831-47). Drak(Ba Lindl. 

Drummond, James (1784 ?-1863) : d. Perth, W. Australia, 27 
March, 1863. A.L.S., 1810. Curator, Bot. Gard. Cork, 
1809. Discovered Spiranthes Romanzofflana at Cork in 1810. 
Went to W. Australia, 1829, as Curator of Bot. Gard. Issued 
six sets of specimens, beginning 1839. Plants at Brit. Mus., 
Kew, Ac. Gard. Chron. 1841, 341 ; Munster Farmer's Mag. 
vi. & vii. (1818-20) ; Las^gue, 282 ; R. S. C. ii. 346 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soe. 1864, xli. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 33. Drummondita 
Harv. (dedicated to the two Drummonds, with the termina- 
tion ita — " an I for James, and a T for Thomas "). 

Drummond, James Lawson (1783-1853) : b. Lame, co. 
Antrim, 1783 ; d. Belfast, 17 May, 1853 ; bur. Ahoghill, co. 
Antrim. M.D. Edin., 1814; practised in Belfast. One of 
founders of Belfast Bot. Gard., 1820, and of Belfast Nat. Hist. 
Soc, 1821. * First Steps to Botany,' 1823. ' Nat. Systems 
of Botany,' 1849. Pritz. 91 ; Jacks. 540; R. S. C. ii. 347 ; 
Proc. Belfast N. H. Soc. 1882, 13 ; Johnston Corr. 253 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 33. 

Drummond; Thomas (d. 1835) : d. Havana, Cuba, March, 1835. 
A.L.S., 1830. Brother of James D. Succeeded G. Don in 
nursery at Forfar. Curator, Belfast Garden, 1828-9. Curator 
Belfast Bot. Gard., 1828-9. Assistant-naturalist to 2nd Land 
Arctic Expedition under Franklin. Collected in N. America, 
Canada, and Texas, for Glasgow Garden. Discovered 
Orobus niger, E. Bot. 2788. Issued fascicles of * Musci Scotici,' 
and two series of American Mosses, the first in 1828, .the 
second published after his death by Wilson and Hooker in 
1841. Plants at Brit. Mus., Kew, &c. Bot. Misc. i. 178; 
Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 39 ; Journ. Bot. 1834, 50, 183 ; 1843, 
663 ; Bot. Mag. t. 3441 ; Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 16 ; Las^gue, 
196, 204; Stewart & Corry, Fl. N.E. Ireland; R. S. C. ir. 
347 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 41. Portr. at Kew. Drummondia 
DC. = Mitella, Drummondia Hook. Drummxmdita Hary. 

Dryander^ Jonas (1748-1810) : b. Sweden, 1748 ; d. London, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 53 

19 Oct., 1810. F.L.S., 1788. Pupil of Linngeus. Librarian 
to Banks, 1782 ; to Linn. Soc, 1788. ' Catalogus BibliothecaB 
Josephi Banks,' 1798-1800. Bees ; Pritz. 91 ; Jacks. 541 ; 
B. S. 0. ii. 347 ; Smith Lett. i. 165 ; Nich. Anecd. ix. 43 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 64. Portr. Kew. Dryandra Thunb. = 
Aleurites, Dryandra Br. = Josephia. 

Dubois, Charles (1656-1740) : b 1656 ; d. Mitcham, Surrey, 

20 Oct., 1740; bur. Mitcham. Had a botanic garden. 
Treasurer, East India Company. London merchant. Sent 
plants to Petiver and Plukenet. Herbarium at Oxford of 
74 vols. Plants in Hb. Sloane, 32, 59, 89, &c. Loudon, 
Arboretum, 62; Gent. Mag. 1740, 525; 1812, pt. i. 205; 
Joum. Bot. 1854, 249 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 77. 

Duck, J. N. (fl. 1852). ' Nat. Hist, of Portishead,' Bristol, 
1852. Contains botanical lists. Jacks. 258. 

Duguid, Alexander (fl. 1832). MS. ' Flora Orcadensis' [with 
Dr. GiUies], 1832. Top. Bot. ed. ii. 545. 

Dunbar^ George (1744-1851) : b. Coddingham, Berwick, 1744 ; 
d. Eose Park, Edinburgh, 6 Dec, 1851; bur. Greyfriars, 
Edinburgh. Began Ufe as a gardener. M.A. Edin., 1807. 
Prof, of Greek, Edin. Univ., 1805. Grew heaths (catalogue 
in Gard. Mag. i. 131). Cott. Gard. vii. 187; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xvi. 153. Dunharia Wight & Am. 

Duncan^ Andrew (1744-1828) : b. Pinkerton, St. Andrew's, 17 
Oct. 1744; d. Edinburgh, June, 1828; bur. Edinburgh. 
Physician. M.A. St. Andrew's, 1762 ; M.D., 1769. Founded 
Caledonian Horticul. Soc. 1809, and established a pubUc 
experimental garden. Pritz. 94 ; E. S. C. ii. 401 ; Felton, 
190 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 161. Portr. by Eaeburn, engr. 
Mitchell. Duncania Echb. 

Duncan, Andrew (1773-1832) : b. Edinburgh, 10 Aug., 1773; 
d. Edinburgh, 13 May, 1832. Son of preceding. Physician. 
M.A. Edin., 1793; M.D., 1794. Lect. on Materia Medica. 
* Cat. Medicinal Plants,' 1826. Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 163. 

Duncan, Rev. James (1802 ?-61) : b. Denholm, Eoxburgh, 
1802 ? ; d. Denholm, 30 Nov., 1861. List of pi. in Jeffrey's 
Hist, of Eoxburghshire. MS. Flora of Jedburgh, circ. 1830. 
N. B. G. 426; Top. Bot., ed. ii., 543: Hist. Berwick Nat. 
Club V. 322 ; Johnston Corr. 62. 

Duncan^ James (1802-76) : b. Aberdeen, Oct., 1802 ; d. Calne, 
Wilts, 11 Aug., 1876 ; bur. Calne. Curator Bot. Garden, 
Mauritius, 1849. Catalogue of Garden, 1863. Pritz. 94 ; 
Jacks. 448. 

Duncan^ John (1794-1881) ; b. Stonehaven, Kincardine, 1794 ; 
d. Alford, Aberdeen, 1881. Weaver. Herbarium of over 1100 
pi. presented to Aberdeen Univ. Life, by W. Jolly, with 
portr., 1883 ; Journ. Bot. 1881, 64, 287 ; Nature, 20 Jan. 
1881. 

Duncan, Rev. John Shute (fl. 1831). M.A. Oxon. Keeper 
of Ashmolean Museum. ' Botanical Theology.' Pritz. 94 ; 
Jacks. 19. 

Duncan, Peter Martin (1824 ?-91) : d. 28 May, 1891. P.E.S. ; 



54 BIOGBAFHICAI< INDEX OF 

F.L.8., 1880. • Observations on Pollen-tube/ Proc. Edin. 
Bot. Soc. 1856, 10. R. S. C. i. 402 ; vii. 573 ; ix. 750 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1891, 224. 

DundaS; Blaria, afterwards Calcatt [see CaiiCott] . 

Dnnrtall, John (fl. 1644-75). Engrayer. ' A booke of flowers 
.... exactly drawne.' Pritz. 95; Diet. Nat. Bic^. xvi. 221. 

Dnppa^ Richard (1770-1831) : b. Cnhnington, Salop, 1770 ; d. 
Chesney Longueville, Ramior, 23 Feb., 1831. LL.B. Cam- 
bridge, 1814. ' Elements of Science of Botany.' ' Classes 
and Orders of Linnean System ' (an abridgment of preceding), 
1816. Pritz. 95 ; Jacks. 541 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 243. 

Vjer, Thomas Webb (fl. 1800). Of Bristol. M.D. F.L.S., 
1799. Discovered Arabis stricta. E. B. 614. Contributed 
Somerset Plants to ShierclifTs ' Bristol Gnide ' and to ' Bot. 
Guide,' 519. Dr. John Evans, ' Picture of Bristol,* ed. 4 
(1828). 

Eagle, Francis King (1788 ?-1856) : b. Lakenbeath, Suffolk ?, 
1788 ? ; d. Bury St. Edmunds, 8 June, 1856. LL.B. Camb., 
1809 ; F.L.S., 1807. Bencher, Middle Temple. Muscologist. 
Contributed to Eng. Bot., 650, 2214, 2906, &c. Herbarium 
(in Bunbury's) at Cambridge. Joum. Bot. 1888, 69 ; Proc* 
Linn. Soc. 1857, xxvii. 

Eales, — (fl. 1690). M.D. Of Welwyn, Herts. Correspondent 
of Ray. R. Syn. ed. iii. 25, &c. ; Pryor, Fl. Herts, xxxix. 

Edgeworth, Maria (1767-1849) : b. Black Bourton, Oxon, 1 
Jan., 1767; d. E^eworthstown, Ireland, 24 May, 1849. 
Novelist. 'Dialogues on Botany.' Pritz. 98; Jacks. 36; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 380. 

Edgewortli^ Michael Pakenham (1812-81): b. 24 May, 
1812; d. Eigg, Inverness, 30 July, 1881. F.L.S., 1842. 
Half-brother of preceding. Bengal Civil Service, 1831. Con- 
tributed to Linn. Trans, and Joum. Linn. Soc. from 1843. 
CaryophyllacesB in 'Flora of India,' 1874. 'Pollen,' 1877. 
Herbarium at Kew. Pritz. 98 ; Jacks. 542 ; R. S. C. ii. 444 ; 
vii. 694 ; Joum. Bot. 1881, 288 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1881-2, 63 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 382. Edgworthia Falc. = Beptonia. 
Edgeworthda Meisn. 

Edmond^ James Williamson (d. 1875) : d. Inveresk, 22 Mar., 
1876. M.B. Edin., 1870. Assisted Carrington with * British 
HepaticaB.' Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. 409. 

EdmondBton, Thomas (1825-46): b. Buness, Shetland, 20 
Sept., 1826 ; d. Sua, Atacamas, Ecuador, 24 Jan. 1846, and 
bur. there. * List of Shetland Plants,' Ann. & Mag. viL (1841), 
287. Contributed to * Phyt.' i. & ii., 1844. * Flora of Shet- 
land,' 1845. ' Flora Shetlandica, 1837 ' (MS.) in Bot. Dept., 
Mus. Brit. Discovered Arenaria norvegica. Naturalist to 
H.M.S. ' Herald,' 1845-6. Pritz. 98 ; Jacks. 259 ; E. S. C. 
ii. 446 ; ' The Young Shetlander,' 1868. Seemann, * Voyage 
of Herald,' i. 67. Phyt. ii. 580. Diet. Nat. Biog. xvi. 397. 
Edmondstonia Seem. = Tetrathylacium, 

Edward, Thomas (1814-86) : b. Gosport, Hants., 25 Dec, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 55 

1814 ; d. Banff, 27 April, 1886. Shoemaker. A.L.S., 1866. 
Curator Banff' Museum. " Collected nearly every plant in 
Aberdeenshire and Banffshire." ' Life,' by S. Smiles, 1876 ; 
Scott. Nat. 1886, 292 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvii. 106. 

Edwards, Edward (1812-86) : b. London ? 1812 ; d. Niton, 
I. Wight, 10 Feb. 1886. Assistant in library, Mus. Brit., 
1839-46. Contributed to Phyt. o.s. & n,s. * Lives of 
Founders of Brit. Mus.' Pryor, Fl. Herts, li. ; E. S. C. vii. 
448 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvii. 115. 

Edwards, John (fl. 1768-95). F.S.A. 'British Herbal,' 1775 
(plates ajid text). * Collection of Flowers,' 1795. Pritz. 98 ; 
Jacks. 232. 

Edwards, Sydenham Teak (1769 ?-1819) : b. Abergavenny, 
1769?; d. Chelsea, 8 Feb., 1819; bur. Chelsea Church. 
F.L.S., 1804. Botanical artist. Illustrated * New Botanic 
Garden,' 1805-7, ' Bot. Mag.,' 1799-1814, and * Bot. Eegister,' 
1815-19. Pritz. 98 ; Jacks. 542 ; Indexes Bot. Mag. p. x. 
(1828); Faulkner, Chelsea, ii. 10; Fl. Midd. 396; Gent. 
Mag. 1819, i. 188 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvii. 126. Edwardsia 
Sahsb. 

Edwards^ William Frederick (1776-1842) : b. Jamaica, 6 
April, 1776; d. Paris, 24 Aug., 1842 ; bur. Paris. Pritz. 28. 

Edwards^ Rev. Zachary James (1800 ?-62?): b. Chard, 
Somerset, 1800?; d. 1862?. B.A. Oxon, 1821; M.A., 
1827. Eector of Combe Pyne, Devon, 1840. * Ferns of the 
Axe,' 1862. 

Egerton^ Amelia [see Hume] . 

Ehret, Georg Dionysius (1708-70) : b. Erfurt, Saxony, 30 Jan., 
1708; d. Chelsea, 9 Sept., 1770. Employed in Oxford 
Garden, 1750. F.E.S., 1757. Botanical artist. Corre- 
spondent of Linnaeus. Illustrated * Hortus Cliffortianus,' 
1737. * PlantsB Selectee,' 1750-73. Drawings and MS. auto- 
biog. in Bot. Dept., Mus. Brit. Pult. ii. 284 ; Pritz. 97 ; 
Jacks. 110 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-6, 42 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xvii. 167. Mezzo, by J. Haid, after A. Heckell ; copy at Kew. 
Ehretia Trew., Linn. N.B. — Diet. Nat. Biog. gives b. 3 
Sept., 1710. 

Elliot, Sir Walter (1803-87) : b. Wolfelee, Roxburgh, 13 Jan., 
1803 ; d. same place, 1 March, 1887. Indian civilian, 1818- 
60. K.C.S.I., 1866; L.L.D. Edin., 1878; F.R.S., 1877. 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xvii. 262. 

Ellis, Daniel (1772 ?-1841) : b. Gloucestershire, 1772?; d. 
Edinburgh, 17 Jan., 1841. Articles 'Vegetable Anatomy' 
and * Veg. Physiology ' in Encyc. Brit. Suppl., ed. 6. Gard. 
Chron. 1841, 87 ; Loud. Gard. Mag. 1841, 188. 

Ellis, John (c. 1710-76) : b. in Ireland, c. 1710 ; d. London, 
15 Oct., 1776. London Merchant. F.R.S., 1754. Copley 
Medal, 1768. Memb. Roy. Soc. Upsal. ' Natural History 
of Corallines,' 1755. Agent for West Florida, 1764; for 
Dominica, 1770. Imported many American seeds. Corre- 
spondent of LinnaBUS. Contributed bot. descriptions to 
' Phil. Trans.' 1759-75. " The main support of Natural 



56 biographicaij index of 

History in England," LinnsBus. Eees ; Pritz. 100 ; Jacks. 
543 ; Linn. Corr. i. 79 ; Nich. Anecd. ix. 331 ; Loud. 
Arboret. 70 ; Gent. Mag. 1776, 483 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvii. 
285. Ellisia P. Browne = Duranta L. Ellisia L. 

Ellis, Robert (fl. 1700). Collected in S. CaroUna, 1700, and 
sent plants to Petiver. Mus. Pet. 79. Plants in Hb. 
Sloane, 159. 

Ellis, Rev. William (1794-1872) : b. London, 29 Aug., 1794 ; 
d. Hoddesdon, Middlesex, 9 June, 1872. Missionary. In 
Polynesia, 1817-25 ; Madagascar, 1853-65. Introduced 
Ouvirandra, Grammatophyllum Ellisiif &c. * Memoir,' 1873 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1872, 806 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xvii. 296. 

Elsey, Joseph Ravenscrott (1833 ?-57) : b. 1833 ? ; d. Spring- 
field, St. Kitt*s, 31 Oct., 1857. Surgeon and naturalist to 
North Australian Expedition. Went to West Indies to 
collect for Grisebach. Gard. Chron. 1858, 112. 

Embleton^ Robert Castles (1806-77) : b. Berwick-on-Tweed, 
14 Dec. 1806 : d. Beadnell, Northumberland, 6 June, 1877. 
Surgeon. Orig. Member Berwickshire P. Club. Fellow- 
student of H. C. Watson. Formed a herbarium and ento- 
mological collection. Top. Bot. ii. 543 ; Proc. Berwickshire 
Field Club, viii. 229. 

Empson, James (d. 1765). Keeper of Nat. Hist. Dept., British 
Museum. Edited Petiver's works, ed. 1767. Jacks. 32 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1765, 299. 

English^ James Lake (1820-88) : b. Epping, 21 Aug., 1820 ; 
d. Epping, 12 Jan., 1888 ; bur. Epping. Umbrella-mender, 
taxidermist, entomologist. Assisted the Doubledays. * Manual 
for Preservation of Fungi,' 1882. Issued fascicles of Epping 
Forest Mosses, 1883-5. E. S. C. vii. 616 ; ' Birds of Essex,' 
19. 

Evans^ John (fl. 1768-1812) : b. Lydney, Gloucestershire, 
1768 ? ; B.A. Oxon, 1792. * Tour through North Wales in 
1798 with botanical researches,' 1800. B. G. 32, 512 ?. 

Evans, Joseph (1808-74): b. Tyldesley?, 1803?; d. Booths- 
town, Manchester, 23 June, 1874 ; bur. St. Mark's, Worsley. 
" Medical botanist." Friend of Caley, Dewhurst, &c. Culti- 
vated 300 spp. of medicinal plants. Founder, Boothstown 
Botanical Society. ' Memoir,' by Dr. C. H. Hassall, 1890. 
Gard. Chron. 1874, ii. 614. Portr. at Boothstown Botanical 
Society. 

Evans, William Wilson (1820-85): b. Dysart, Fifeshire, 
1 Jan., 1820 ; d. Edinburgh, 5 May, 1885. Assoc. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. 1841. Curator, 1843. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xvi. 
1886, 311. 

Evelyn, John (1620-1706) : b. Wotton, Surrey, 31 Oct., 1620 ; 
d. Wooton, 27 Feb., 1706; bur. Wotton. M.D. Leyden, 
1641; D.C.L. Oxon, 1669; F.E.S., 1661. * Sylva,' 1664, 
with portr. by Nanteuil. Pritz. 103 ; Jacks, xxxiv. 206 ; 
Memoirs, by Bray, with engr. portr. by Nanteuil and by 
Kneller, 1818 ; Cott. Gard. v. 57 ; Journ. Hort. 1875, xxix. 
249, with portr. ; Felton, 98 ; * Diary,' 1818-19 ; Ath. Ox. iv. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 57 

464 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xviii. 79. Portr. at Kew ; and, after 
Kneller, at Eoy. Soe. Evelyna P. & Endl. 

Everett^ Miss E. Algologist. Correspondent of D. Turner & 
Smith. Turner, ' Fuci,' ii. 110 ; E. Bot. 1970, 2116. 

Ewer, Samuel (fl. 1808). Of Hackney. F.L.S.,1789. 'Manuale 
sive Compendium botanices,' 1808. Pritz. 103; Jacks. 35. 

Eyre, J. (fl. 1851). General, E.A. Collected and made draw- 
ings in Hong Kong. Sent plants to Kew. Fl. Hongkong, 
pref. 11 ; Journ. Bot. 1851, 831. Eyrea Champ. = Turpinia 
Vent. 

Fairbaim, John (fl. 1784-1814): d. Chelsea, Dec, 1814. 
Curator of Chelsea Garden, 1784-1814. F.L.S., 1788. Eng. 
Bot. 1719, 2081 ; Semple, 119. 

PalrchUd, Thomas (1667 ?-1729) : b. 1667?; d. Hoxton, 
10 Oct., 1729; bur. Poor's ground. Hackney Eoad. Gardener 
of the City Gardens, Hoxton, 1690-1722. * The City Gar- 
dener,' 1722. Experiments on sap, Phil. Trans, xxxiii. 
Introduced Pavia ruhra^ Cornus florida, &c. First raised 
a hybrid scientifically (1719 ; Dianthtcs Caryophyllus 
-''harhatus). Correspondent of Linnaeus. Pult. ii. 238; Cott. 
Gard. vi. 143; Nich. Illustr. i. 371 ; Sir Henry Ellis, Hist, 
of Shoreditch, 288 ; Felton, 60. 

Falconer, Hugh (1808-65) : b. Forres, Morayshire, 29 Feb., 
1838; d. London, 31 Jan., 1865; bur. Kensal Green, 1826. 
M.A. Aberd., 1826 ; M.D. Edin., 1829 ; F.L.S., 1844 ; 
F.R.S., 1845. In India, 1830-55. Superintendent, Saha- 
rimpur Gard., 1832 ; Calcutta, 1848. In Cashmere, with 
Burnes, 1838. Introduced tea and cinchona. * Aucklandia,* 
Linn. Trans. 1840. * Cryptolepis,' ih. 1841. Plants, notes 
and drawings at Kew. Pritz. 104 ; Jacks. 413 ; R. S. C. ii. 
551 ; vii. 636 ; Journ. Bot. 1865, 101 ; Mag. Zool. Bot. 
1839, iii. 195 ; Journ. Hort. viii. (1865), 234 ; Fl. Indica, 
67 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1864-5, xc. ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1865, 
xlv. ; Proc. Roy. Soc. xv., xvi. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xviii. 158. 
Portr. in * PalsBontological Memoirs,* 1868. Bust by T. 
Butler at Royal Society. Falconeria Royle. 

Falconer, John (d. 1547) : d. Ferrara, 1547. Commimicated 
pi. to Amatus Lusitanus. Studied with Turner at Bologna. 
Had the first English herbarium. Pult. i. 71 ; Pritz. 104 ; 
pref. to part i. of Turner's * Herbal ' ; Haller, i. 266 ; Druce, 
Fl. Oxford, 372 ; Journ. Bot. i. 301 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xviii. 
161. Falconer a Salisb. = Albtica, 

Falconer, Randle Wilbraham (1816-81): b. Bath?, 1816; 
d. Bath, 6 May, 1881. M.D. Edin., 1839 ; F.R.S. Edin., 1837. 
Practised at Tenby, 1839-47 ; at Bath fr. 1847. ' Catalogue 
of Tenby Plants,* 1848. Pres. Roy. Med. Soc, 1837. Twice 
Mayor of Bath. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiv. 303. Pritz. 
104 ; Jacks. 260 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xviii. 162. 

Falconer, William (1744-1824) : b. Chester, 23 Feb., 1744; d. 
Bath, 31 Aug., 1824 ; bur. Weston, Bath. Grandfather of 
preceding. M.D. Edin., 1766 ; F.R.S., 1773. Physician to 



58 BIOGBAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

Bath Hospital, 1789. ' EListory of Sugar/ Mem. Manchester 
Phil. Soc-, 1796. 'Miscellaneous Tracts,' 1793, including 
list of pL known to Greeks. Pritz. 104 ; Jacks. 21, 213 ; 
R. 8. C. ii. 552 ; Cott. Gard. viii. 299 ; Felton, 183 ; New 
Monthly Mag. xii. ; Munk ii. 278 ; Gent. Mag. xciv., ii. 
374 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xviii. 165. Portr. by Daniel, of Bath, 
1791 ; engr. by Fittler in * Influence of the Passions.' 

Farquhar^ Jane (nee Golden), (fl. 1750). Daughter of Cad- 
wallader Colden. One of the first ladies to study the Linnean 
System. MS. ' Flora Nov-Eboracensis,' in Bot. Dep. Mus. 
Brit., with drawings. Pritz. 65 ; linn. Corr. i.; 'Memorials 
of Bartram,' p. 400. 

Farquhanon^ Rev. James (1781-1843) : b. Coull, Aberdeen- 
shire, 1781 ; d. Alford, Aberdeenshire, 3 Dec. 1843. F.R.S., 
1830 ; M.A. Aberdeen, 1798 ; L.L.D., 1837. Appendix to 
Murray's * Northern Flora.' * Agricultural Properties of 
Native Plants,' 1835. Gent. Mag. n.s. xxi. 94 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xviii. 224. 

Farquharaon^ Robert F. (1823-90) : b. 1823 ; d. Haughton, 
Aberdeenshire, 3 May, 1890. Pres. Alford Field Club. 
Knew Diatoms well. Scott. Nat., July, 1890, 289 ; Joum. 
Bot. 1890, 334. Docidium Farquharsonii Roy. 

Fennell^ James H. (fl. 1840). ' Drawing-room Botany' (1840). 
Jacks. 39 

Ferguson, William (1820-87) : b. July, 1820 ; d. Colombo, 
Ceylon, 31 July, 1887 ; bur. Colombo. Surveyor. In Ceylon 
from 1839. 'Timber-trees of Ceylon,' 1863. * Notes on 
Ceylon Ferns,' 1880. * Ceylon Grasses,* Joum. Ceylon 
Branch R.A.S., 1880. Pritz. 106 ; Jacks. 396 ; Joum. Bot. 
1887, 820; Ann. Bot. i. (1888) 403, with bibUog. ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. 1887-8, 89; * AthenaBum,' 1887, ii. 287; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xviii. 356. Fergusonia Hook. fil. 

Fields Barron (1786-1846) : b. London, 23 Oct., 1786 ; d. Tor- 
quay, 11 April, 1846. F.L.S., 1825. Judge Supreme Court 
N. S. Wales, 1816-24. Sent plants to Hooker. Jacks. 
400; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 298; Exot. Flora, t. 222. Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xviii. 399. Fieldia Gaud. = Vanda, Fieldia A. 
Cunn. 

Fielding, Henry Barron (d. 1851) : b. Garstang, Lanes. ; d. 
Lancaster, 21 Nov., 1851. Of Lancaster. F.L.S., 1838. 
* Sertum Plantarum ' (with G. Gardner), 1844. Herbarium 
of 70,000 specimens, containing Steudel's, Prescott's, and 
other plants, enumerated in Joum. Bot. 1854, 279, be- 
queathed to Univ. of Oxford. Pritz. 107 ; Jacks. 117 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. ii. 188 ; Phytol. iv. 655 ; Cott. Gard. vii. 188 ; 
Lasagne, 330 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xviii. 424. 

Fifield — (fl. 1702). Surgeon. Sent plants from Campeachy 
to Petiver. Mus. Petiv. 94. 

Finch, Louisa, Countess of Aylesford, nee Thynne (1760- 
1832): b. 25 March, 1760; d. Packington Hall, Coventry, 
28 Dec, 1832 ; m. 4th Earl of Aylesford, 1781. Worked at 
Warwickshire plants, 1784-1816. Made collection of 2830 



BKITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS. 59 

bot. drawings, now in possession of Countess of Dartmouth. 
Correspondent of Bree, Purton, Withering, and G. Don, 
from whom she received many plants, now in possession of 
Miss C. E. Palmer, of Odiham. Contributed to B. G. 633, 
and E. B. (269). Fl. Warwickshire, 493 ; Scott. Nat. vii. 
127. 

Finlayson, George (1790-1823) : b. Thurso, 1790 ; d. Calcutta, 
1823. Surgeon and naturalist to Siam Expedition, 1821-3. 
Collected for Wallich. WaU. List, p. 60 ; PL Asiat. ii. 49 ; 
Las^gue, 132, 141. Ascended Adam's Peak, 1817. Plants 
in Wallich's Herb, at Linn. Soc, &c. * Mission to Siam,' 
1826 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xix. 32. Finlaysonia Wall. 

Firminger^ Rev. Thomas Augustus Charles (1812-84) : 
b. London, 13 Mar., 1812; d. Edmonton, Middlesex, 18 
Jan., 1884. B.A. Cambridge, 1844 ; M.A., 1855. ' Manual 
of Gardening for Bengal,' 1863 ; ed. 2, 1869 ; ed. 3, 1874. 
Card. Chron. xxi. (1884) 124. 

Fishwick^ John (fl. 1696). Sent plants from Andalusia and 
the Mediterranean to Plukenet. Almagest. 18, 54, 85, 221. 

Pitch, Walter Hood (1817-92) : b. Glasgow, 28 Feb., 1817 ; 
d. Kew, 14 Jan., 1892 ; bur. Kichmond. Botanical artist and 
lithographer. F.L.S., 1857. Illustrated Bot. Mag. 1834-77 ; 

* Icones Plantarum,' 1836-77 ; Bentham's Handbook ; 
Elwes's * Lilium,' 1880, &c. Original drawings for Bot. Mag. 
at Kew. Journ. Bot. 1892, 100, w. portr. Fitchia Hook. f. 

Pitt, George (fl. 1844-49). Of Great Yarmouth. Accountant. 

Contributed to Phyt. i.-iii. ; Journ. Bot. 1847, 287. E. S. C. 

ii. 628. 
Fitton, Elizabeth (fl. 1817) : b. Dublin. ' Conversations on 

Botany,' 1817. Pritz. ed. 1, 86 ; Jacks. 43. 
Fitton, Sarah Mary (fl. 1817-66) : b. Dublin. ' Conversations 

on Botany ' (1817), (with foregoing— her sister). * The Four 

Seasons' (1865). Pritz. ed. 1, 86 ; Jacks. 43, 45 ; Proc. Geol. 

Soc. 1862, xxxiv. 
Fitzgerald, Robert D. (1831 ?-92): b. Tralee, co. Kerry, 

1831?; d. Sydney, N.S.W., 15 Aug., 1892. Deputy 

Surveyor-General, Sydney, F.L.S., 1874. Orchidologist. 

* Australian Orchids,' 1875-88. Papers in Journ. Bot. 1883, 
1885, 1891. Jacks. 399; E. S. C. ix. 878; Journ. Bot. 
1892, 320 ; Gard. Chron. 1892, ii. 404. Dracophyllum Fitz- 
geraldi F. v. M. 

Fitzroberts [see Kobinson, John] . 

Fleming, John (d. 1815) : d. London, 10 May, 1815. M.D. 

Edin. ; F.E.S. ; F.L.S. * Cat. Indian Medicinal Plants with 

Sanskrit names,' Asiat. Eesearches, xi. 153 (1810). Pritz. 

108; Jacks. 11. Gent. Mag. lxxxv%, i. 568; Diet. Nat. 

Biog. xix. 279. Flemingia Eoxb. 
Fleming, Rev. John (1785-1857): b. Kirkroads, Bathgate, 

Linlithgow, 10 Jan., 1785; d. Edinburgh, 18 Nov., 1857. 

D.D. St. Andrews, 1814.; F.E.S.E., 1814. Minister of 

Bressay, Shetland, 1808; FHsk, Pife, 1810-34. Lect. 

Nat. Hist., Cork Instit., 1816. Prof. Nat. Phil., Aberdeen, 



60 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1834. Prof. Nat. Sci., New Coll., Edin., 1845. ' Outline 
. . . Fl. West Lothian/ Mem. Wern. Soc. i. 640. 'On a 
Law of Vegetable Life/ Jonrn. Agric. i. (1829). E. S. C. ii. 
636 ; vii. 676 ; Mem., with portr., prefixed to * Lithology of 
Edinburgh,' 1859; Diet. Nat. Biog. xix. 279. 

Flintofi; Thomas (fl. 1789). Surgeon. Of Knoyton, Yorks. 
Sent Fungi and notes to Bolton. Bolton, Hist. Funguses, 
p. 170. 

Foot, Frederick James (1831 ?-67) : b. Ireland, 1831 ? ; 
drowned Lough Kay, near Boyle, 17 Jan., 1867. M.A., 
T.C.D. F.E.G.S.I. Corresp. Memb. Dublin Nat. Hist. Soc, 
1857. Assist. Geologist, Irish Geol. Survey, from 1856. 
* Botany and Marine Zoology of Clare,' * Occurrence of Hymen- 
ophyllum tunhridgense in Co. Longford,' &c., in Proc. 
Dublin Nat. Hist. Soc. * Distribution of Plants in Burren, 
CO. Clare,' Trans. Boy. Irish Acad. xxiv. 143. E. S. C. ii. 
653 ; vii. 686 ; Geol. Mag. 1867, 95. 

Forbes^ Ari:hur (1819-79) : b. Douglas, I. Man, 25 Jan., 1819; 
d. Aldershot, 16 Mar., 1879. Ninth laird of CuUoden. 
Had a herbarium. Trans. Bot Soc. Edin. xiv. 20. 

Forbes^ Edward (1815-54): b. Douglas, I. Man, 12 Feb., 
1815 ; d. Wardie, Edinburgh, 18 Nov., 1854 ; bur. Dean 
Cemetery. F.L.S., 1843 ; F.E.S., 1845. Prof. Bot., King's 
Coll., 1842. Eegius Prof. Nat. Hist. Edin., 1854. Visited 
Norway, 1833 ; Alps, 1835 ; Carniola, 1838 ; Aegean, 1841-2. 
Contributed Manx List in 1833 or 1834 to Top. Bot. Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin., 1836-41; Mag, Zool. Bot. iii. (1839), 236 ; 
iv. (1840), 307; Ann. & Mag. vii. (1841), 157. * Travels in 
Lycia ' [with Spratt], 1846. Jacks. 230 ; E. S. C. ii. 654 ; 
Memoir by Wilson and Geikie, 1861 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 
408 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. v. 23 ; Gard. Chron. 1854, 771 ; 
Proc. Geol. Soc, 1855, xxvii. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xix. 388. 
Bust by Steel in College Museum, Edin. ; one by J. C. 
Lough, Jermyn St. Museum. Portr. in Ipswich Mus. series ; 
one in Geikie's * Life of Murchison.' 

Forbes, James (1773-1861) : b. Bridgend, Perthsh., May, 1773 ; 
d. Woburn Abbey, 6 July, 1861. Gardener, Wobum 
Abbey. A.L.S., 1832. ' Salictum Wobumense,' 1829. 
' Hortus Wobumensis," 1838, &c. Pritz. 109 ; Jacks. 415 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1861-2, civ. 

Forbes, John (1798-1823): b. 1798; d. Senna, E. Africa, 
Aug. 1823; tablet in Chiswick Churchyard. A.L.S., 1822. 
Collector for E. Hort. Soc. in E. and S. Africa, Madagascar, 
Brazil (1822), &c. Lasagne, 367 ; Trans. Hort. Soc. viii., iii. 
Plants in Mus. Brit. Hook. Exot. Fl. 115; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xix. 405. Forbesia Eckl. = Gurculigo GsBrtn. 

Forby, Rev. Joseph (fl. 1801). Brother of the following. Dis- 
covered Salix Forbyana Sm. Eng. Bot. 1344. 

Forby, Rev. Robert (1759 ?-1825) : b. Stoke Ferry, Norfolk, 
1759?; d. Fincham, Norfolk, 20 Dec, 1825. Of Barton. 
B.A. Camb., 1781. ; M.A., 1784 ; F.L.S., 1798. Eector of 
Fincham, Norfolk, 1789. Eng. Bot. 247, 446, 448, 1344. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 61 

"An able botanist," Smith. Memoir by D. Turner, with 
portr. litho. from painting by M. Sharp, 1822, prefixed to 

* Vocabulary of East Anglia,* 1830; Gent. Mag. vol. 96 
(1826), i. 281; Diet. Nat. Biog. xix. 414. Salix Forbyana 
Sm. 

Ford, John (fl. 1789). Of Liverpool and Chester. M.D. 
F.L.S., 1789. Linn. Corr. ii. 47 ; Eng. Bot. 78. 

Pordyce, George (1736-1802) : b. Aberdeen, 18 Nov. 1736 ; d. 
London, 25 May, 1802 ; bur. St. Anne's, Soho. Grandfather 
of George Bentham. M.A. Aberd., 1750; M.D. Edin., 
1758, Leyden, 1759; F.E.S., 1776; F.E.C.P., 1787. 

* Elements of Agriculture and Vegetation,' 1765. Gent. 
Mag., June, 1802; Munk, ii. 373 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xix. 
432. Portr. by T. Phillips at St. Thomas's Hospital, engr. 
by Keating. Medal designed by Flaxman. Wedgwood 
medallion. 

Forster, Bei^Jamin Meggot (1765-1829): b. Walbrook, 16 
Jan., 1764 ; d. Hale End, Walthamstow, 8 Mar. 1829 ; bur. 
Walthamstow. Sent plants for Eng. Bot. 108, 602, &c. 
Fimgologist, electrician, and philanthropist. Brother of two 
following. ' Peziza cuticuhsa* 1786. * Introduction to the 
Knowledge of Funguses,' 1820. Pritz. 110 ; Jacks. 546 ; 

* Epistolarium Forsterianum,' ii. pp. xiii.-xv. ; Nich. Illustr. 
viii. 553 ; Gent. Mag. xcix. (1829), 279; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
XX. 12. 

Forster, Edward (1765-1849) : b. Walthamstow, 12 Oct., 1765 ; 
d. Woodford, Essex, 23 Feb., 1849 ; bur. Walthamstow. 
F.L.S., 1800; Treas., 1816; V.-P., 1828; F.E.S. Banker. 
Contrib. to Gough's * Camden,' Phyt. i., ii., iii. ; Eng. Bot. 
and E. B. Supp. 73, 77, 1293, 2790; Mag. Zool. Bot. ii. 
(1839), 95; Ann. & Mag. viii. (1842), 433; &c. Herbarium 
purchased by E. Brown, and presented to Mus. Brit. Pritz. 
110 ; Jacks. 262 ; E. S. C. ii. 669 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 39 ; 
Gent. Mag. xxxii. (1849), 431; Nich. Illust. viii. 554 ; Gibson,. 
Fl. Essex, 448; *Eecueil de ma vie,' T. I. M. Forster, 
1837 ; * Epistolarium Forsterianum,' ii. p. xv. ; Proc. Eoy. 
Soc. V. 485. ; Fl. Midd. 397 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 14. Oil 
portr. by Eddis, Linn. Soc. Portr. in Ipswich Mus. series. 
Luzula Forsteri DC. 

Forster^ Thomas Purley (1761-1825) : b. Walbrook, 5 Sept., 
1761 ; d. Walthamstow, 28 Oct., 1825 ; bur. Walthamstow. 
F.L.S., 1800. Joint-author with two preceding of the plant- 
hsts in Gough's * Camden.' Additions to Warner's * PlantaB 
Woodfordiensis,' 1784. * Flora Tonbrigensis,' 1816. Dis- 
covered Asplenium lanceolatum and Viola lactea, Eng. Bot. 
240, 445, &c. Pritz. 110; Jacks. 547; Gent. Mag. xxxii. 
(1849), 481 ; E. S. C. ii. 671 ; ' Eecueil de ma vie,' T. I. M. 
Forster, 1837 ; * Epistolarium Forsterianum,' i. 33-41 ; Memoir 
in Fl. Tonbrig. ed. 2, 1842 ; Nich. Illustr. viii. 553 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. XX. 22. 

Forster^ Thomas Ignatius Maria (1789-1850) ; b. London, 
2 Nov., 1789 ; d. Brussels, 2 Feb., 1860. M.B. Camb., 1818 ; 



62 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

F.L.S., 1811. Son of preceding. ' Liber rerum naturalium/ 
1805. * Index Fungorum/ 1819. Edited Fl. * Tonbrigensis/ 
ed. 2, 1842. Jacks. 14, 547 ; K. S. C. ii. 670 ; ' Kecueil de 
ma vie,' 1837 ; * Epistolarium Forsterianum,' 1845-50 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1860, xxiii. ; Mag. Nat. Hist. i. 64 ; * Annual 
Eegister,' vol. 102 (I860), p. 440 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 22. 

Forsyth, J. S. (fl. 1827). * First Lines of Botany,' 1827. Pritz. 
110* Jacks. 547. 

Forsyth, Wiliiam' (1737-1804) : b. Old Meldrum, Aberdeen, 
1737; d. Kensington Gardens, 25 July, 1804. F.L.S. 
Gardener, under Philip Miller, 1763 ; at Syon ; at Chelsea, 
1771-84 ; then at St. James' and Kensington Palaces. Pritz. 
110; Cott. Gard. iv. 233; Journ. Hort. xxi. (1876), with 
portr. ; Semple, 112 ; Felton, 186 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 35. 
Portr. in * Treatise on Fruit-trees,' 1802. Forsythia Walt= 
Decumaria, Forsythia Vahl. 

Fors3rth, William (1772 ?-1835): b. Chelsea ? 1772 ? ; d. London, 
28 July, 1835 ; bur. Chelsea. Son of preceding. * Botanical 
Nomenclator,' 1794. Correspondence in Cott. Gardener, vii. 
350, &c. MS. * Bibliotheca Agricultures HorticultursB,' &c., 
purchased by Longmans at his sale for £8 18s. 6d. (Nov. 11 
1835). Pritz. (ed. 1), 88; Jacks. 14; Loud. Gard. Mag. xi. 
(1835), 496. 

Fortune, Robert (1813-80): b. Kelloe, Edrom, Berwick, 16 
Sept., 1813; d. Brompton, 13 April, 1880. Bot. Gard. 
Edin. ; Chiswick, 1842. Collector to E. H. S. in China, 
Java, &c., 1843-5 and 1848-50. Curator, Chelsea, 1846-8. 
* Wanderings in China,' 1847. Introduced Tea into India, 
1851. Pritz. 110; Jacks. 380; Journ. Bot. 1880, 160; 
Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiv. 161 ; E. S. C. ii. 672 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1880, i. 487; Cott. Gard. xix. 192; Lasagne, 436; 
' Athenaeum,' 1880, i. 507 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 50. Fortunaa 
Ldl. = Platycarya. 

Fothergill, John (1712-80) : b. Carr End, Wensleydale, York, 
8 Mar., 1712; d. London, 26 Dec, 1780; bur. Winch- 
more Hill. M.D. Edin., 1736; L.E.C.P., 1744; F.E.S., 
1753. Travelled in Flanders before 1740. Practised in Lom- 
bard St. from 1740. Correspondent of Linnaeus. Had bot. 
gard. at Upton, West Ham, from 1762 ; Loud., * Arboretum,' 
71, 82. Jacks. 415 ; Life, by Sir John Elliott, 1781 ; by Dr. 
Gilb. Thompson, 1782; by Lettsom, 1783; by J. Hack 
Tuke, 1880 ; Gent. Mag. 1780, 592 ; Nich. Anecd. ix. 737, 
with portr. ; Cott. Gard. vii. 327 ; Munk, ii. 154 ; Friends' 
Books, i. 629 ; * Memorials of Bartram and Marshall,' by W. 
Darlington, 495-515 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 66. Full-length 
portr. by Hogarth at E. C. P. Mezzot. by V. Green, after G. 
Stuart, 1781 ; copy at Kew. Wedgwood medallion and 
bust. Fothergilla L. 

Foulkes, Robert (fl. 1727) : b. Llanfrothen, Merioneth, 1702 ? 
B.A. Oxon, 1725. M.D. Of Llanbeder, Denbigh. Eecorded 
Cucuhalus haccifer and contradicted it. Linn. Corr. ii. 171 ; 
Eich. Corr. 132. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 63 

Pox (or Poxe), John (fl. 1695). Surgeon. Sent plants to 
Petiver from Cape and Bengal. Mus. Petiv. 44, 80. 

Pox, Joseph (fl. 1779-1804). Of Norwich. Weaver. Kaised 
Lycopodium from spores. Linn. Trans, ii. 315 ; vii. 297. 

Pox, William Tilbury (1836-79) : b. Broughton, Winchester, 
1836 ; d. P3.ris, 7 June, 1879 ; bur. Willesden cemetery. M.D. 
Lond., 1858. * Chignon Fungus,' Journ. Bot. 1867, 1858; 
1879, 224. Jacks. 165 ; K. S. C. ix. 911 ; Die. Nat. Biog. 
XX. 139. 

Pox-Strangrways, William Thomas Homer (1795-1865) : 
b. 7 May, 1795; d. 10 Jan., 1865. 4th Earl of Ilchester. 
B.A. Oxon, 1816; M.A., 1820; F.L.S., 1821; F.E.S. Sec- 
retary of English Legation at Vienna, 1834. Minister at 
Berlin, 1840-49. ** A learned and indefatigable investigator 
of the Flora of Europe," Lindley, Bot. Eeg. 1956. Vapereau, 
ed 1858. StranvcB$ia Lindl. Foxia Pari. Strangeweja Bertol. 

Prampton, Mrs. Mary (fl. 1830-48). Of Dorchester, Dorset. 
Drew Dorsetshire plants ; 5 vols. (MS.), in possession of H. 
Frampton, Moreton House, Dorset. Fl. Dors. 39. Salter, 
Bot. of Poole, 23. 

Francis, George William (1800-65) : b. London, 1800 ; d. 
South Australia, 9 Aug., 1865. F.L.S., 1839. Superinten- 
dent, Adelaide Bot. Gard. * Grammar of Botany,' 1840. 

* Little English Flora,' 1840. * Analysis of British Ferns,' 
1850. * Field Flowers,' 1853. Pritz. Ill ; Jacks. 547 ; E. 
S. C. ii. 696 ; Mag. Nat. Hist. viii. 1835, 221 ; Gard. Chron. 
1865, 1226; * South Austraha Eegister,' 10 Aug., 1865; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 167. 

Prancis, Rev. Robert Bransby (1768 ?-1850) : b. 1768 ? ; d. 

East Carleton, Norfolk, 27 April, 1850. M.A. Cambridge, 

1794. Vicar of Houghton, Norfolk, 1814. F.L.S., 1798. 

Studied JungermannicR, Eng. Bot. 605, 2569. Proc. Linn. 

Soc. ii. 132. Jungermannia Fraiicisci Sm. 
Frankland, Sir Thomas, (1750-1831) : b. Westminster, 

1750; d. 4 Jan., 1831. Of Thirkleby, York. M.P. for 

Thirsk, 1774. 6th Bart., 1784 ; M.A. Oxon, 1771 ; F.L.S., 

1796. Drew AlgsB at Scarboro'. Had Hudson's marine 

plants. Sent plants to Smith for Eng. Bot. (2340, &c.). 

Smith, Lett. i. 450 ; ii. 167, &c. ; Eng. Bot. 2340 ; Linn. 

Trans, x. 157. Franklandia K. Br. 
Franklyn, George (fl. 1700). Apothecary. Sent plants to 

Petiver from Charlestown, Carolina. Mus. Petiv. 80 and no. 

744 ; Herb. Sloane, clix. 182, 3. 
Franqueville, John de (fl. 1629). Merchant in London. Had 

a bot. garden. Introduced Bosa sulphurea, 1629. Lobel, 

* Adversaria' (1605), 486, 487; Parkinson. Franquevillia 
Gray = Gicendia Adans. 

PraH^r, Charles (d. 1831) : d. Sydney, 23 Dec, 1831. Soldier in 
73rd Eegt. Colonial botanist. New South Wales. Estab. 
Bot. Gard., Sydney, 1809 ? At Swan Eiver, 1826-7 ; More- 
ton Bay, 1828. Bot. Misc. i. 221. Plants at Mus. Brit, 
and Kew. Pritz. 112 ; E. S. C. ii. 702 ; Lasfigue, 498 ; Com. 



64 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Bot. Mag. ii. 230 ; Lindley, ' Swan Biver/ ii. ; Greville, 

* AlgaB Brit.' xii. ; Fl. Tasm. cxxiii. Hakea Fraseri Br. 
Fraser^ John (1750-1811) : b. Tomnacloich, Inverness, 1750 ; 

d. Chelsea, 26 April, 1811 ; bur. Old Burial-ground, Chelsea. 
Hosier and collector. F.L.S., 1810. Published Walter's 
'Flora Caroliniana.' Newfoundland, 1780-84:; Southern 
States, 1785-96; seven times across Atlantic between 1780 
and 1810. Established nursery at Sloane Square, 1795. 
Collector to the Czar, 1798. Herbarium presented to linn. 
Soc., 1849. Pritz. 112 ; Jacks. 122, 145 ; Comp. Bot. Mag. 
ii. 300; Lasagne, 199; Cott. Gard. viii. 250; Loudon, 

* Arboretum,' 119 ; Faulkner, * Chelsea,' ii. 41 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. XX. 213. Litho. portr. in Comp. Bot. Mag. Frasera 
Walt. 

Fraser^ John (fl. 1799-1852). A.L.S., 1848. Son of preceding. 
Accompanied his father in his travels, and subsequently to 
N. America. Introduced Dahlia. Had nursery at the 
Hermitage, Bamsgate, 1817-35. Pritz. 112 ; Comp. Bot. 
Mag. ii. 302. 

Freeman^ Charlotte (fl. 1797-1809). Botanical artist. ' Select 
Specimens of British Plants* [with Juliana S. Strickland- 
Freeman and Dr. George Shaw], 1797-1809. Pritz. 112; 
Jacks. 233. 

Freeman^ Joseph (fl. 1860). Of Stratford, Essex. 'Flora of 
Stratford,' 1860. ' Hints on . . . describing . . . species,' 
Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. p. 28. ' PI. from Stratford,' ibid, p. 48. 

Freeman^ Juliana Sabina Strickland- (fl. 1797-1809). 
Botanical artist. {See Freeman, ChabIiOtte.) 

Freeman^ Samuel (fl. 1841). Of Birmingham. Lists in Phyt. 
i. 261, 327, and in Morris's Hist, and Top. of Wye, pp. 180- 
189 (1842). 

French^ Alfred (1839-79) : b. Banbury, 1839 ; d. London, 22 
Oct., 1879. Journeyman baker at Banbury. From 1874, 
attendant in Bot. Dep. Mus. Brit. * Salvia pratensis,' Journ. 
Bot. 1875. PL in Mus. Brit. Journ. Bot. 1879, 352; 
Druce, ' Fl. Oxfordsh.' 396, and preface. 

Frost, John (1803-40) : b. London, 1803 ; d. Berlin, 17 Mar., 
1840. F.L.S., 1825. Knt. of Imperial Brazilian Order of 
Southern Star. Lecturer at Eoyal and London Institutions, 
St. Thomas' and St. George's Hospitals. Founder and 
Director of Medico-Botanical Soc. * Mustard Tree,' 1827 ; 

* Science of Botany,' 1827. Edited Bingley's * Introduction,' 
1831. Pritz. 114 ; Jacks. 19, 37 ; E. S. C. ii. 736 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. XX. 286. 

Frosty Philip (1804-87) : b. Moreton Hampstead, Devon, 10 
July, 1804; d. 10 May, 1887. Foreman, Chelsea, 1829. 
Interested in British Botany. Gard. Chron. i. 117, and 1887, 
i. 649, with portraits. 

Furber^ Robert (fl. 1724-32). Nurseryman, of Kensington. 

* Catalogue of . . . trees,' &c., 1724; *The Flower-garden 
displayed,' 1732. Pritz. 115. 



BKITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 65 

Gage^ Sir Thomas (1781-1820) : b. 1781 ; d. Eome, 27 Dec, 
1820; bur. in the Gesu, Eome. Bart. F.L.S., 1802. Of 
Hengrave Hall, Suffolk. Lichenologist. Contributed to Eng. 
Bot. (1671, 2541, 2575, 2580, &c.). Collected in Suffolk, Ire- 
land, and Portugal. Smith Lett. ii. 235, 264 ; Ann. Bot. ii. 
555 ; Trans. Hort. Soc. i. 328 ; Gillow, Diet. Catholic Biog. 
ii. 364; Bot. Mag. 935. Portr. in Gage's Hist. Hengrave. 
Gagea Eaddi = Zygodon, Gagea Salisb. 

Gainsborough^ Henry^ Earl of [see Noel, Henky]. 

Gairdner^ Meredith (d. before 1840). M.D. Collected in N. 
America. Surgeon in H.B.C. possessions in Columbia. 
Woods in Brit. Mus. Plants at Kew. Fl. Bor. Amer., pref. 
p. iii., and ii. 99. Pentstemon Gairdneri Hook. 

Galpine, John (1769?-1806) : d. Blandford, 10 Jan., 1806 ; bur. 
Blandford. Of Blandford, Dorset. A.L.S., 1798. * Syno- 
ptical Compend. of British Botany,' 1806. Pritz. 116 ; 
Jacks. 233 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 388. 

Gapper [see Southby]. 

Garden, Alexander (1730 ?-91) : b. Charlestown, S. Carolina, 
c. 1730; d. Cecil St., Strand, 15 April, 1791. M.D. Edin., 
1752. Practised nearly thirty years, from 1752, in Charles- 
town, S. Carolina. Pupil of Alston. Correspondent of Col- 
linson, Ellis, and LinnsBus. Memb. Koy. Soc. Upsala ; 
F.R.S., 1773. Bees ; R. S. C. ii. 767 ; Appleton, Cyclopaed. 
Amer. Biog. 594 ; Ramsay, Hist. S. Carolina, ii. ; Linn. 
Corr. i. 282-605 ; Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 70 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
XX. 406. Gardenia Ellis. 

Gardiner, William (1809? -52): b. Dundee, c. 1809; d. 
Dundee, 10 or 21 June, 1852. A.L.S., 1849. Contributed 
to Loudon's Mag. Nat. Hist. 1832-6, and to Trans. Bot. 
Soc. Edin. 1839. Assoc. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1838. * Twenty 
Lessons on British Mosses,' 1846 ; 2nd series, 1849. * Botani- 
cal Rambles in Braemar,' 1845. * Flora of Forfar,' 1848. 
Published sets of Scottish plants. Pritz. 117 ; Jacks. 549 ; 
R. S. C. ii. 767 ; Card. Chron. 1852, 406, 423 ; Cott. Card, 
viii. 210 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 244 ; W. Norrie, Dundee 
Celebrities, 139 ; Boase. Spharia Gardineri Berkeley. 

Gardner, D- (fl. 1820). Colonel. Collected cryptogams in 
Nepal ; Mosses sent by Wallich to Hooker * for Musci 
Exotici.' Fl. Exotica, t. 49. Calymperes Gardneri 
Hook. 

Gardner, George (1812-49) : b. Glasgow, May, 1812 ; d. Neura 
Ellia, Ceylon, 10 Mar., 1849. M.D. Glasgow, 1835 ; F. L. S., 
1842. Pupil of W. J. Hooker at Glasgow. ' Pocket Her- 
barium of Brit. Mosses,' 1836. Travelled in Brazil, 1836- 
41. Superintendent, Bot. Gard., Peradenia, Ceylon, 1844. 
* Organ Mountains,' Mag. Zool. Bot. 1838, 165. ' Travels in 
Brazil,' 1846. Brought 7000 spp. from Brazil. Brazil Herb, 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Pritz. 117 ; Jacks. 549 ; R. S. C. ii. 
768; Comp. Bot. Mag. ii. (1836), 1, 344 ; Gard. Chron. 1849, 
263 ; 1851, 343 ; Cott. Gard. ii. 74 ; Journ. Bot. 1849, 154 ; 
1851, 188 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 40 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xx. 431, 

6 



66 BIOOBAPHICAI< ISDEX OF 

Brass tablet in Peradeniya Garden, Jonm. Bot. 1834, 32. 
Gardneria WalL 

Churet^ or Garret^ James ffl. 1597). Of London. Apothecary. 
Ttilip-grower. Correspondent of Clnsins. Detected errors 
in Gerard. Pult. i. 115, 124; Lobel, ' Illustrationes,' 2, 3; 
Clasins, ' Libri Exoticomm.' Translated ^ Costa. 

Oanier^ Robert (180^90) : b. Longton, Sta&., 1808 ; d. 16 
Aug., 18^X). Surgeon. F.L.S., 1^56. * Hybrid Yaccinium ' 
(V, intermedium Bathe), Science Gossip, 1872, 248. * Nat. 
Hist, of County of Stafford,' 1844. * Holiday Excursions of 
a Naturalist,' 1867. Yn Lioar Manninagh, i. 191. Beport 
N. Staff. Nat. Field Club, 1886, w. bibliog. and portrait. 

Oamier^ Rev. Thomas (1776-1873) : b. Wickham, Hants, 26 
Feb., 1776 ; d. Winchester, 29 June, 1873. B.C.L. Oxon, 
1800; D.C.L., ia50; F.L.S., 1798. Bector of Bishopstoke, 
1807-68 ; Dean of Winchester, 1840. Hants Plants, ' Hamp- 
shire Bepository,' i. (1798) ; Eng. Bot. 1471. Herb, in Pubhc 
Library, Winchester. B. S. C. ii. 771 ; Joum. Bot. 1873, 
256 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1873-4, li ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxi. 10 ; Church of England photo, gallery, 1859, w. portr. 

OamoiM, Rev. William Lewei Pugh (d. 1863) : d. Ultmg, 
Essex, 5 Mar., 1863. F.L.S., 1825; B.A. Carnb., 1814; 
M.A., 1817; B.D., 1824. Vicar of Ulting, 1848. Con- 
tributed to ' Flora of Essex.' Described plants in Bobley's 
' Madeira Flowers,' 1845. Joum. Bot. 1863, 160. 

Chitty^ Margaret^ rUe Scott (1809-73) : b. Bumham, Essex, 
3 June, 1809; d. Ecclesfield, York, 4 Oct., 1873; m. Eev. 
Alfred Gatty, D.D., 1839. Studied AlgaB from 1848-9. Cor- 
responded with Harvey from 1850. ' British Seaweeds,' 
1863. Memoir in her * Parables from Nature,' 1885 ; Joum. 
Bot. 1873, 352 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 67. Portr., * Illustr. 
London News,' 18 Oct. 1873. Gatty a Harv. 

Chiwler (see Keb, J. B.]. 

Oeorge^ Edward Sanderson (1801 ?-30) : d. Leeds, 9 Feb., 
1830. Hon. Curator Leeds Philosoph. Hall. Herbarium 
there. 'Leeds Worthies,' 320, 664. Oil portr. by W. 
Kobinson in possession of family. 

aerard^ John (1646-1612) : b. Nantwich, Cheshire, 1545 ; d. 
London, Feb., 1612; bur. St. Andrew's, Holbom. Barber- 
surgeon. Had garden in Holbom. Travelled in Denmark, 
Bussia, (fee, 'Herball,' p. 1223. * Catalogus . . . plantarum 
... in horto,' 1596 ; ed. 2, 1599 ; reprinted, 1876. * Her- 
ball,' 1597; emended ed., 1633. Pult. i. 116-125; Rees; 
Pritz. 120; Jacks. 550; Life, by B. D. Jackson, 1876; Fl. 
Midd. 369; Loudon, 'Arboretum,' 37-40; Journ. Hort. 
xxviii. (1876), 146, with portr. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 221. 
Engraved portr. in ' Herball,' ed. 1, by W. R. (Rogers?), and 
in ed. 2, by J. Payne. Gerardia Plumier. 

Oerrard^ William Tyrer (d. 1866) : d. Foul Point, Madagas- 
car, 1866. Of Natal. Plants at Dublin. Harvey, Gen. S. 
African Plants, 128; Journ. Bot. 1866,367; Gard. Chron. 
ISdd, 1042. Gerrardanthm Harv. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 67 

Gibbs^ George (fl. 1634). Of Bath. Surgeon. Brought plants 
from Virginia, and cultivated 117 exotics. Johnson, * Mer- 
curius Bot aniens,' 1634. 

Gibson^ Alexander (1800-67) : b. Lawrencekirk, Kincardinesh., 
24 Oct., 1800; d. Bombay, 16 Jan., 1867. M.D. Edin. ; 
F.L.S., 1853. Superintendent hot. garden, Dapuri, 1838. 
Conservator of Forests, Bombay, 1847-60. Edited Hove's 
Journals, 1855. * Bombay Flora' (with Dalzell), 1861. 
Pritz. 121 ; Jacks. 550 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1866-7, xxxiii. ; 
E. S. 0. ii. 873 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 272. 

Gibson^ George Stacey (1818-83) : b Saffron Walden, Essex, 
20 July, 1818; d. Bishopsgate St., 5 April, 1838; bur. 
Friends' Burial-ground, Saffron Walden. Banker. F.L.S. , 
1847. Contributed to * Phytologist.' Correspondent of 
Watson. Discovered Galium Vaillantiiy &c. * Flora of 
Essex,' 1862. Herbarium in Saffron Walden Museum. 
Pritz. 121 ; Jacks. 252 ; K. S. C. ii. 874 ; vii. 770 ; Top. Bot. 
545 ; Journ. Bot. 1883, 161, with photo, portr. ; Trans. 
Essex Field Club, iv., with engr. portr. ; Friends' Books, i. 
838 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1882-3, 41 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 276. 

Gibson, Jabez M. (1794-1838) : b. Saffron Walden, 11 Dec, 
1794; d. Saffron Walden, 22 Feb., 1838. Uncle to the pre- 
ceding. Banker. Founder of Saffron Walden Museum. 
Lexden plants, Loudon, Mag. Nat. Hist. 1834, 17. Phyt. 
i. 834, ii. 96. Wood's * Naturalist,' iii. 287. ' Birds of 
Essex,' 22. i 

Gibson, Samuel (1790?-1849) : b. 1790?; d. Hebden Bridge, 
Yorks., 21 May, 1849. Whitesmith, of Hebden Bridge. 
Entomologist and conchologist. Contributed to *Phyt.,' 
Newman's * Ferns,' Baines' Fl. Yorksh., &c. Herbarium 
bought by Mark Philips, M.P. Some collections at Peel 
Park Museum, Salford. Cash, 157 ; E. S. C. ii. 874 ; Proc. 
Manchester Lit. Phil. Soc. xii. 45 ; * Leeds Mercury,' 15 
June, 1889. Carex Gihsoni Bab. 

Gifford, Isabella (1823 ?-91) : b. Swansea, c. 1823 ; d. Minehead, 
Somerset, 26 Dec, 1891 ; bur. Minehead. Phycologist. 
* Marine Botanist,' 1848-53. Somerset plants in Proc. 
Somerset Archaeol. Soc. iv. 117, vi. 131. Tetraspores of 
Seirospora, Journ. Bot. 1871, 113. Journ. Bot. 1892, 81. 

Gilbert, Davies, n6 Giddy (1767-1839) : b. St. Erth, Corn- 
wall, 6 Mar., 1767; d. Oxford, 24 Dec, 1839. M.A. Oxon, 
1789; D.C.L., 1832; LL.D. Camb., 1832. F.E.S., 1791; 
President, 1827-31. F.L.S., 1792. M.P. for Helston, 
1804-32. m. Mary Ann Gilbert, 1806, and took name of 
Gilbert, 1817. Assisted Withering in his * Arrangement,' 
ed. 3. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 68 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 323. 

Gilbert the Englishman (fl. 1250) : Studied in Italy. Physi- 
cian to Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury. MSS. ' De re 
Herbaria,' * De viribus et medicinis herbarum, arborum, et 
specierum,' and * De virtutibus herbarum,' at Bodleian, New 
College, etc. Pult. i. 22 ; Haller, i. 209, and Addend, ii. 658 ; 
Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-Hib. 474 ; Chaucer, Prologue, L 4^4\ 



68 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Thos. Wright, Biog. Brit. Literar. ii. 461 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxi. 318. 

Gilby, Wmiam Hall (fl. 1814-21). M.D. Edin. * Eespiration 
of Plants/ Edin. Phil. Joum. iv. 100 (1821). Pritz. 121; 
K. S. C. ii. 884 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 340. 

Gilchrist^ James (1813-85) : b. Collin, Dumfriesshire, 21 June, 
1813 ; d. Dumfries, 7 Dec., 1885. M.D., 1850. President 
Dumfries Field Club. * Geological Eelations of Alpine 
Plants,' Proc. Edin. Bot. Soc. 1855, 9. Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. xvii. 2 ; E. S. C. ii. 884 ; Scott. Nat. 1886, 242. 

Gillies^ John (d. before 1837). M.D. Eesided at Mendoza. 
Collected in Chili. MS. * Flora Orcadensis ' [with Alexander 
Duguid] , 1832. Plants in Herb. Fielding at Oxford. Wat- 
son, * Top. Bot.' 545 ; E. S. C. ii. 889 ; Miers, Trav. Chili, i. 
226 ; Lasegue, 486 ; Bot. Misc. iii. 130. Plants at Kew and 
Brit. Mus. Gilliesia Lindl. 

Gilpin, Rev- William (1724-1804) : b. Scaleby Castle. Carlisle, 
4 June, 1724 ; d. Boldre, Hants, 5 April, 1804 ; bur. Boldre. 
B.A. Oxon, 1744; M.A., 1748. Vicar of Boldre, 1777. 
Prebend, of Sahsbury. * Forest Scenery,' 1791. Autobiog. 
Cumberl. and Westm. Antiq. Soc. 1879 ; Gent. Mag. 74 
(1804), i. 388; Nich. Anecd. i. 639; ii. 253; viii. 643, 657 ; 
Nich. lUustr. i. 778 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 383. Portr. by 
H. Walton, engr. by G. Clinch. 

Giraud, Herbert John (1817-88) : b. Faversham, Kent, 14 
April, 1817 ; d. Shanklin, I.W., 12 Jan., 1888. M.D. Edin., 
1840; F.B.S. Edin. * Vegetable Embryology,' Mag. Zool. 
Bot.v. (1840), 225; Trans. Linn. Soc. xix. 161; K. S. 0. ii. 
902. Prof. Bot., Grant Med. Coll., Bombay, 1845. Went 
to India, 1842. Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 394. 

GiBbome, Rev. Thomaa (1758-1846) : b. YoxhaU, Staff., 81 
Oct., 1758 ; d. Durham, 1846. Of Yoxhall Lodge, Staff. 
B.A. Camb., 1780; M.A., 1783. Prebend of Durham. 
F.L.S., 1799. Sent Epimedium to Smith. Eng. Bot. 438, 
530, 616, 1557 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 299 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxi. 481. 

Gissing, Thomas Waller (1829-70) : b. Halesworth, Suffolk, 
2 Aug., 1829 ; d. Wakefield, 28 Dec, 1870 ; bur. Wakefield 
Cemetery. Druggist. * Materials for Fl. of Wakefield,' 1867. 
Jacks. 261 ; E. S. C. ii. 907 ; vii. 783 ; Pharm. Journ. 1871, 
556. 

Glasspoole^ Hampden Gledstanes (1825-87) : b. Ormesby 
St. Michael, Norfolk, 6 April, 1825 ; d. Hammersmith, 5 
Mar., 1887 ; bur. Ormesby. Contributed to * Science Gossip.' 
Found Car ex trinervis. Journ. Bot. 1887, 382. 

Glen, Rev. Andrew (1666 ?-1732) : b. 1666?; d. Hathern, 
Leicester, 1 Sept., 1732 ; bur. Hathern. B.A. Camb., 1683 ; 
M.A., 1687. Bector of Hathern, 1694. Friend of Kay. 
Travelled in Sweden and Italy. Formed a herbarium (1685- 
92) of 700 native and 400 exotic spp. (200 Italian). Pult. ii. 
63 ; Nich. Anecd. viii. 196 ; Nichols, ' History of Leicester- 
shire,' iii. 846 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxi. 427. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 69 

Glenie, Rev. S. Owen (fl. 1863-69). F.L.S., 1863. Colonial 
chaplain at Trincomalee. Collected for Thwaites. Thwaites, 
Enum. PI. Zeyl. vii. Glenniea Hook. f. 

Q-lyn, Thomas (fl. 1633). Friend of Thomas Johnson. Found 
Diotis maritima in Wales. Pult. i. 136 ; Johnson, Ger. 
Emac. 644. 

aoddard, Jonathan (1617 ?-75): b. Greenwich, 1617; d. 
London, 24 Mar., 1675 ; bur. in chancel. Great St. Helen's, 
Bishopsgate. M.B. Camb., 1638; M.D., 1643; F.E.C.P., 
1646. Warden of Merton College, Oxon, 1651. Prof, of 
Physic, Gresham College, 1655. * Observations concerning 
a Tree,' 1664. * Fruit trees' Secrets,' 1664. Munk, i. 240; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 24. 

Goldie, John (1793-1886) : b. Maybole, Ayrsh., 21 Mar., 1793; 
d. Ayr, Waterloo Co., U.S.A., June, 1886. Gardener and 
collector. Discovered Biomex aqtiatictcs. Eng. Bot. 2698; 
Edin. Phil. Journ. 1822, 319 ; E. S. C. ii. 929 ; Bot. Gazette, 
1886, 272 ; Journ. Bot., 1888, 299. Aspidium Goldiamcm 
Hook. 

Good, John Mason (1764-1827) : b. Epping, 25 May, 1764 ; 
d. Shepperton, Middx., 2 Jan., 1827. M.E.C.S., 1793 ; M.D. 
Aberdeen, 1820. * Structure and Physiology of Plants,' 1808. 
Jacks. 67 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 110. 

Good, Peter (d. 1803) : b. Scotland ; d. Sydney, June, 1803. 
Kew gardener. Sent in 1796 to Calcutta. Accompanied 
Brown on Fhnders' Voyage, 1801. Salisbury ; Parad. Lond. 
t. 41 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 568 ; Hooker, Fl. Tasmania, 
cxxv. Goodia Salisb. 

Goodenough^ Rev. Samuel (1743-1827) : b. Kingston, Wey- 
hill, Hants, 29 April, 1743 ; d. Worthing, 12 Aug., 1827 ; bur. 
Westminster Abbey. Student, Christ Church, Oxon, 1760. 
M.A., 1767; D.C.L., 1772; Treas.L.S., 1788; F.E.S. Kept 
school at Ealing, 1722. Canon of Windsor, 1798. Dean of 
Eochester, 1802. Bishop of Carlisle, 1808. ' British Fuci ' 
[with Woodward] , 1795. * Brit. Carices,' Trans. Linn. Soc. 
ii. 126. Assisted Withering in * Arr. Brit. PL' ed. 3. Her- 
barium at Kew. Kew Eeport, 1880. Eng. Bot. 2206, &c. ; 
E. S. C. ii. 934 ; Nich. Illustr. vi. 245. Bust at Linn. Soc. 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 124. Goodenia Sm. 

Goodsir, John (1814-67): b. Anstruther, Fife, 14 Mar., 1814; 
d. Wardie, Edinburgh, 6 Mar., 1867 ; bur. Dean Cemetery. 
M.D. Edin. ; F.E.S., 1846; F.B.S.E., 1841. Prof. Anatomy, 
Edin., 1846. ' Conferva on Gold-fish,' Ann. & Mag. ix. 1842. 
' Potato Disease,* Phyt. ii. 469. * Memoirs,' by W. Turner, 
1868, with portr., Proc. Eoy. Soc. xvi. (1868) 14. Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin. ix. 118 ; E. S. C. ii. 936 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xxii. 137. 

Goodyer, John (fl. 1597-1652). Of Maple Durwell or Durham, 
Hants. Pult. i. 135 ; Gerard, * Herball ' ; Johnson, * Ger. em.* 
pref . 560 ; Parkinson ; How. Goodyera Br. John Gordier 
(Parkinson, 708 ; Pult. i. 153) is probably the same person. 

Gordon, — (fl. 1774-79). Colonel. Travelled in Africa, 1774 



70 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

and, with Paterson, 1777-79. Discovered and drew many 
Stapeli(B, Masson, * Stapelia/ pref. viii. ; Journ. Bot. 1884, 
145. Stapelia Gordoni Mass. 

Gordon, Alexander (£1. 1793). ' Eeader on Botany in London.' 
Son of James Gordon, of Mile End. Milne & Gordon, * Indi- 
genous Botany,' pref. vi. Jacks. 256. 

Gordon, Alexander (fl. 1835-45). Gardener. Collected in 
Eocky Mountains and S. Carolina for G. Charlwood. Journ. 
Bot. 1845, 492, 494. Sweet, Fl. Gard., 2nd. ser. iii., 271. 

Gordon, George (1806-79): b. Lucan, Co. Dublin, 25 Feb., 
1806; d. Kew, 11 Oct., 1879. A.L.S., 1841. At Chiswick 
from 1828. Assisted Loudon in * Arboretum.' * Pinetum,' 
1858. Herbarium of Conifers at Kew. Pritz. 126 ; Jacks. 
140 ; E. S. C. ii. 945 (nos. 3-6) ; Gard. Chron. 1879, ii. 569 ; 
Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 200. 

Gordon, Rev. George (fl. 1839). Of Birnie, near Elgin. LL.D. 
' Collectanea for a Flora of Moray,' 1839. MS. Flora of 
Moray in Bot. Dept., Mus. Brit. Discovered Pinguicula 
alpina in 1831. Eng. Bot. 2621, 2747 ; Pritz. 126 ; Jacks. 
257 ; Top. Bot. 546 ; N. B. G. 498, 508. 

Gordon, James (fl. 1756). M.D. Aberdeen. Taught Alexander 
Garden. Linn. Corr, i. 378. 

Gordon, James (d. 1780). Nurseryman, of Mile End, 1750- 
76. Worked for Lord Petre and Dr. Sherard. Correspondent 
of Linnaeus. Introduced Ulmus americana (1752), &c. Pult. 
ii. 241 ; Linn. Corr. i. 93, 254 ; Eich. Corr. 390 ; Loudon, 
* Arboretum,' 78, 82 ; Phil. Trans, xl. 520. Gordonia Ellis. 

Gordon, William (fl. 1832). Surgeon. Of Welton, near Hull. 
F.L.S., 1832. * Analogy between vegetables and animals,' 
Loudon, Mag. Nat. Hist. iv. 1831-2. E. S. C. ii. 945. 

Gorrie, Archibald (fl. 1800-39). Of Perth. Assoc. Bot. Soc. 
Edin., 1839. Father of two following. E. S. C. ii. 948. 

Gorrie, David (fl. 1830-54). * Hereditary properties of cult, 
plants,' Journ. Agric. viii. 314. * Illustrations of Scripture 
trom bot. science,' 1854. Assisted Loudon in * Manual of 
Cottage Gardening,' 1830. Pritz. 126 ; E. S. C. vii. 802 ; 
Trans. Bot. Soc Edin. xiv. 298. 

Gorrie, William (1812 ?-81). Gardener. Contributed to Mag. 
Nat. Hist. 1828. Described Grasses in Morton's Cyclop. 
Agriculture. E. S. C. ii. 948; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiv. 
298. 

Gosse, Philip Henry (1810-88) : b. Worcester, 6 April, 1810 ; 
d. St. Marychurch, Torquay, 23 Aug., 1888 ; bur. Torquay 
cemetery. A.L.S., 1849; F.E.S., 1856. In Canada, &c., 
1827-44 ; in Jamaica, 1844. * Canadian Naturalist,' 1840. 
' Nat. Sojourn in Jamaica,' 1846. * Wanderings through Kew 
Conservatories,' 1856. Jacks. 412 ; E. S. C. ii. 952 ; ' Life,' 
by E. W. Gosse, 1890; Athenaeum, 1 Sept., 1888; Gard. 
Chron. 1888, iv. 250; lUus. Lond. News, 8 Sept., 1888, w. 
portr.; Graphic, 22 Sept., 1888, w. portr. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxii. 258. 

Gotobed, Richard (fl. 1805). Of Eton. F.L.S., 1800. Contrib. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 71 

Berks and Bucks lists to Bot. Guide. Eng. Bot. 738, 1295, 

1501. 
Gough, John (1757-1825) : b. Kendal, 17 Jan. 1757 ; d. Fowl 

Ing, Kendal, 28 July, 1825 ; bur. KendaJ. Mathematician, &c. 

Blind from three years old. Correspondent of Withering. 

Contributed to Manchester Phil. Soc, * On the Germination 

of Seeds ' ; to Nicholson's Phil. Mag., * On Nutrition in 

Plants,' &c. Taught Dalton and Whewell. Eng. Bot. 489 ; 

E. S. C. ii. 959 ; Nicholson, ' Annals of Kendal,' ed. 2, 1861, 

355-68. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 277. 
Gk>urlie, Robert (d. 1832 ?) : d. Mendoza, 1832 ? Collected in 

Chili. Bot. Misc. iii. 208. Gourliea Gillies. 
Gourlie, William (1815-56): b. Glasgow, Mar., 1815; d. 

PoUockshields, Glasgow, 24 June, 1856. F.L.S., 1855. 

Pupil of W. J. Hooker and J. H. Balfour. Collected British 

pL, especially mosses, fossil pi., pine-cones, &c., and purchased 

large foreign collections. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1857, xxvii. ; Diet. 

Nat. Biog. xxii. 291. 
Govan^ George (fl. 1824). M.D. Correspondent of Wallich. 

Superintendent Bot. Gard., Saharunpor. * Nat. Hist. . . . 

Himalayan Mts.,* Edin. Journ. Science, iii. 17 (1824). K. 

S. C. ii. 973 ; Las^gue, 128. Hypericum Govanianum Wall» 
Gowen^ James Robert (d. 1862). Of Highclere, Newbury. 

* Hybrid Amaryllis,' Trans. Hort. Soc. iv. & v. E. S. C. ii. 

973 ; Bot. Mag. 3676. Govenia Lindl. 
Graefer, John (fl. 1789). * Botanic Gardener to the King of 

Naples.' ' Descriptive Cat. of Herbaceous or Perennial 

Plants,' 1789 (see preface) ; ed. 4, 1804 ; Pritz. (ed. i.) 192. 
Graham, John (1805-39) : b. Dumfriesshire, 1805; d. Khandalla, 

Bombay, 28 May, 1839. Went to India, 1828. ' Catalogue 

of plants in Bombay,' 1839 (posthumous). Pritz. 127 ; 

Jacks. 387 ; Pref. Cat. Bombay PI. iv. ; Gard. Chron. 1841, 

23 ; Hooker & Thomson's ' Flora Indica,' i. 53 ; K. S. C. ii. 

977 ; Lasegue, 433 ; Journ. Bot. 1841, 300 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

xxii. 351. 
Graham^ Maria, 'iiee Dundas, afterwards Callcott \se& 

Callcott]. 
Graham, Rev. P. (fl. 1812). D.D. Brother (?) to the following. 

Minister of Balquidder V and afterwards of Aberfogle, Perth. 

' Sketches of Perthshire,' w. bot. (1812). Contrib. bot. 

information to * Old ' and * New Statistical Account.' 
Graham, Robert (1786-1845): b. Stirling, 7 Dec, 1786; d. 

Coldoch, Perthsh., 7 Aug., 1845; bur. Leckie. M.D. Edin., 

1808; F.L.S., 1825. Eegius Prof. Bot. Glasgow, 1813; 

Edinburgh, 1818. Pres. Bot. Soc. Edin. 1838. Described 

Wallich's LegumvioscB, Collected in Jersey (1842), Ireland, 

and Britain. Described plants in Bot. Mag. Edinb. New 

Phil. Journ. 1831, 1832 ; Pritz. 127 ; Jacks. 234 ; Trans. 

Bot. Soc. Edin. 1846 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 300 ; Gard. Chron. 

1846, 390 ; E. S. C. ii. 977 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 358. Portr. 

at Kew. Grcemia Hook. = Cephalophora. 
Graham^ Thomas (fl. 1824;. Capt., H.M. Packet Service. 



72 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Brought and sent plants to Edinburgh. Described Epiden- 
drum ellipticum (Hooker, Exot. Fl. 207). Brother of pre- 
ceding, and husband of Maria Graham. 

Graham, Thomas (1805-69) : b. Glasgow, 20 Dec. 1805 ; d. 
London, 16 Sept., 1869. M.A. Glasgow, 1826; D.C.L. 
Oxon, 1855 ; F.R.S., 1836. Chemist. ' Outlines of Botany,' 
1841, ed. 2, 1848. Jacks. 41 ; Walford, Portraits of living 
Celebrities, No. 8 (1859), w. portr. ; Proc. Roy. Soc. xviii. 
(1870), xvii. ; S. Muspratt's Chemistry, i. (1853), w. portr. ; 
Boase; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxii. 361. 

Grant, James Augustus (1827-92) : b. Nairn, 11 April, 1827 ; 
d. Nairn, 10 Feb., 1892. Colonel. F.R.S., 1873; F.L.S., 

1871. ' An Exped. to Source of Nile,' 1860. Plants (at 
Kew) described in Linn. Trans, xxix. Journ. Bot. 1892, 
96 ; Nature xlv. 376. Anthericum Grantii Baker. 

Graves^ George (fl. 1777-1834). Of Walworth, Peckham, and 
Edinburgh. F.L.S., 1812. * British Grasses,' 1822. 'Hortus 
Medicus,' 1834. * Flora Londinensis,' vols. 4, 5. Pritz. 127 ; 
Jacks. 552 ; Friends' Books, i. 862. 

Gray, — (fl. 1570). Apothecary. Introduced Pis ^aczaoj^cmarwm, 
circ. 1570. L'Obel, Adversaria, 413. 

Gray, Christopher (fl. 1740-63). Nurseryman, of Fulham. 
Introduced various American plants. * Catalogue,' 1740. 
Published Catesby's * Hortus Britano-Americanus,' 1763. 
Pritz. i. 103 ; Loudon, * Arboretum,' 76. 

Gray, Edward Whitaker (1748-1806) : b. 1748 ; d. London, 
27 Dec, 1806. Uncle of S. F. Gray, jun. M.D. Librarian, 
E.C.P., L.E.C.P., 1773. Keeper of Department of Nat. Hist. 
& Antiquities, British Museum. A.L.S., 1788. Sec. E.S., 
1797. Arranged the Museum on Linnean system. Eng. Bot. 
1631 ; Munk, ii. 298 ; Eose, Biog. Diet. ; Gent. Mag. 77 (1807), 
i. 90; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 7. Portr. by Calcott at E. Soc. 

Gray, George (1758-1819) : b. Newcastle, 1758 ; d. Newcastle, 
9 Dec. 1819. Painter. To North America on botanical excur- 
sion, 1787. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 7. 

Gray, John Edward (1800-75) : b. Walsall, Stafford, 12 Feb., 
1800 ; d. London, 7 Mar., 1875. Keeper of the Zoological 
Department, British Museum, 1840-75. Assistant from 
1824. F.L.S., 1857; F.E.S., 1832; Ph.D. Munich, 1852. 
Pres. Bot. Soc. Lond., 1838. * Natural Arrangement of 
British Plants,' 1821, under the name of his father, S. F. 
Gray. . * British Water-weeds,' 1864. Pritz. 128 ; Jacks. 
562 ; * List of Books . . .' by Gray, ed. by J. Saunders, 
1872 ; E. S. C. ii. 998 ; vii. 819 ; Journ. Bot. 1865, 297 ; 

1872, 374 ; 1875, 127 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. 409 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1875, i. 335 ; * Portraits of Men of Eminence,' 
1863, with photo, portr. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1874-5, xliii. ; 
' AthensBum,' 1875, 363 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 9. Bronze 
medallion, with Mrs. Gray, at Linn. Soc. 

Gray, Maria Emma, nee Smith (1787-1876) : b. Greenwich 
Hospital, 1787 ; d. 9 Dec, 1876 ; m. 1 (1810), Francis Edward 
Gray ; m. 2 (1826), Dr. John Edward Gray, his second cousin. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 73 

Conchologist and algologist. Algae in Cambridge Univ. Mus. 
Journ. Bot. 1877, 32 ; * Athenaeum,' 16 Dec, 1876. Bronze 
medallion at Linn. Soc. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 11. Gray- 
emma J. E. Gray. 
Gray, Samuel Frederick (fl. 1760). Father of following/and 
brother of Edward Whitaker Gray. Translated Linnaeus' s 

* Philosophia Botanica ' for James Lee. E. S. C. ii. 1012. 

* Athenaeum,' Sept. 1863, p. 368. 

Gray, Samuel Frederick (fl. 1780-1836). Posthumous son of 
preceding. Druggist, of Walsall. Afterwards Lecturer on 
Botany in London. * Supplement to the Pharmacopoeia,* 
1818. Editor, 'London Medical Kepository,' 1819-21. 

* Natural Arrangement of British Plants,' 1821, mainly the 
work of his son, J. E. Gray. Pritz. i. 103; Jacks. 552; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 20. 

Gray, Thomas (1716-71) : b. Cornhill, 26 Dec, 1716 ; d. Cam- 
bridge, 31 July, 1771 : bur. Stoke Pogis, Bucks. The poet. 
LL.B. Camb., 1742. Annotated Linnaeus and Hudson. 
' Memoirs,* by Mason, w. portr. engr. by Basire, fr. drawing 
by Wilson, 1775. Portr. by Eckardt engr. in Walpole's 
Works ; one by Vandergutch at Nuneham, &c. 

Green, Thomas (fl. 1816-20). ' The Universal Herbal,' 1816- 
20. Jacks. 87. 

Greenwood, Alfred (fl. 1845-62). Of Chelmsford. F.B.S.E. 
Mosses of Chehnsford, Phyt. ii. 384 (1846). E. S. C. iii. 5. 
Mosses of Penzance, Penz. Nat. Hist. Soc. Keport, 1846, 60. 

Gregory, William (1803-58) : b. Edinburgh, 25 Dec, 1803 ; d. 
Edinburgh, 24 April, 1858. Prof. Chemistry, Edin., 1844. 
M.D. Edin., 1828. * Marine Diatomaceae,* 1857. Pritz. 
128; Jacks. 158; B. S. C. iii. 9 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. vi. 
75; S. Muspratt's Chemistry, i. (1853), w. portr; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xxiii. 105. 

Greville, Charles Francis (fl. 1811). V.-P. Koyal Soc. Intro- 
duced and grew rare plants. Linn. Trans, x. 168. Gre- 
villea Br. 

Greville, Robert Kaye (1794-1866) : b. Bishop Auckland, 
Durham, 13 Dec, 1794; d. Murrayfield, Edinburgh, 4 June, 
1866 ; bur. Dean Cemetery. LL.D. Glasgow, 1824. F.L.S., 
1827; F.K.S. Ed., 1821. * Scottish Cryptogamic Flora,' 
1823-8. * Flora Edinensis,* 1824. * Algse Britannicae,' 1830. 
Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 2666. Pritz. 128 ; Jacks. 553 ; E. S. C. 
iii. 12; vii. 836; Journ. Bot. 1866, 238; Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Edinb. viii. 464 ; Card. Chron. 1866, 539 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxiii. 164. Herbarium at Eoy. Bot. Gard., Edinburgh and 
Glasgow. Diatoms in Herb. Mus. Brit. Kayea Wall. 

Grew, Nehemiah (1641-1712) : b. Atherstone or Mancetter, 
Warwick, 1641; d. London, 25 Mar., 1712; bur. Cheshunt. 
B.A. Camb., 1661 ; M.D. Leyden 1671 ; F.K.S., 1671 ; Sec.E.S., 
1677; F.E.C.P., 1680. * Anatomy of Vegetables begun,' 
1672. * Anatomy of Plants,' 1684, **opus absolutum et im- 
mortale," Sprengel. Pult. i. 337 ; Eees ; Pritz. 129 ; Jacks. 
553 ; Munk, i. 406 ; F. L. Colvile, * Worthies of Warwick- 



74 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

shire ' ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 166. Portr. engr. by R. 
White, 1700, from painting by the same, formerly at Barber- 
surgeon's Hall, in * Cosmologia Sacra,' 1701. Another pub. 
by Dr. Thornton. Grewia L. 

Griffin, W. (fl. 1815-20). Of. South Lambeth. Introduced plants 
from Brazil, &c. Bot. Reg. 511, &c. Griffinia Ker. 

Griffith, John Wynne (fl. 1783-1855). Of Gam, near Den- 
high. F.L.S. Lichenologist. Sent Welsh plants to Smith. 
Communicated lists to Bingley's * Tour round N. Wales,' 
see Bot. Guide, 166 ; and to J. Williams' ' Faunula 
Grust ensis,* 3. Contrib. to ed. iii. of Withering's * Arrange- 
ment.' Eng. Bot. 440, 1735, &c. ; R. S. C. iii. 16. Griffithia 
Br. = Gly2)homitrion, 

Griffith, William (1810-45) : b. Ham Common, Surrey, 1810 ; 
d. Malacca, 9 Feb., 1845. Assistant-surgeon, Madras, 1832. 
F.L.S., 1840. In Assam, with McClelland and Wallich, 1835 ; 
in Bhotan, with Pemberton, 1837-8 ; in Afghanistan, 1839. 
Superintendent Bot. Gard. and Prof. Med. Coll. Calcutta, 
1842. Plants at Kew. Pritz. 129 ; Jacks. 553 : R. S. C. iii. 
18 ; Lasegue, 149, 432 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 239 ; Annual 
Report, Royal Asiatic Soc. 1845 ; Gard. Chron. 1845, 387. 
Calcutta Journ. Nat. Hist. vi. 294 ; Bot. Reg. 1845, 36 ; 
Joum. Bot. 1845, 371 ; Phyt. ii. 252 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 
240. Portr. Kew. Griffithia Wight & Am. 

Griffiths, Amelia W. (1768 ?-1857) : b. circ. 1768 ; d. Torquay, 
13 April, 1857. Of Torquay. Algologist. Pupil of Good- 
enough. Correspondent of Harvey and Greville. ** The 
facile regina of British algologists," Harvey. Superintended 
Wyatt's * AlgBB Damnonienses.' Plants in Blewitt's 
* Panorama of Torquay,' 1832. AlgaB at Linn. Soc. ; sets 
at Brit. Mus. and at Kew. Jacks. 504 ; Harvey, * Phy- 
cologia,' t. xvi. 83 ; Brit. Alg. liv. ; Syn. 243 ; Greville, ' Algae 
Brit.' introd. p. vi. ; Turner, * Fuci,' i. 80 : Eng. Bot. 1926 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1892, 51 ; Johnston Corr. 326. GriMtsia Ag. 

Griffiths, Griffiths Hooper (1823 ?-72) : b. 1823 f; d. 19 Nov. 
1872. M.D. Muscologist and lichenologist. Sec. Worcester 
N. H. Soc. * Flora of Church Stretton,' 1870 (?). 

Groult, — (fl. 1800-4). Of London. ** A very assiduous investi- 
gator of English plants," Smith. Eng. Bot. 777, 919, 1096, 
1326, &c. Sent plants to Smith. 

Groves, Henry (1835-91) : b. Weymouth, 1835 ; d. Florence, 1 
Mar., 1891 ; bur. Protestant Cemetery, Florence. Druggist. 
F.L.S., 1884. ' Flora of Portland,' Phyt. ii. 601, n.s. To 
Florence, 1862. * Coast Flora of Japygia,' Journ. Linn. Soc. 
xxi. 523. Herbarium left to Central Bot. Soc. of Tuscany, of 
which he was a founder. Journ. Bot. 1891, 191 ; Pharm. 
Journ., 3 ser., xxi. 894. 

iGuilding, Rev. Lansdown (1797 ?-1833) : b. Kingstown, St. 
Vincent, 1797?; d. St. Vincent, 1833. B.A. Oxon, 1817; 
F.L.S., 1817. Zoologist. Friend of W. J. Hooker, Hook. 
Exot. Fl. 52. * Account of the Botanic Gard., St. Vincent,' 
1825, with plates. Plants and drawings of W. Indian 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 75 

plants (maDy reproduced in Bot. Mag.) at K^ew. Jacks. 450 : 
K. S. C. iii. 76. Guildingia Hook. =Olisbea. 

Gulliver^ George (1804-82) : b. Banbury, Oxon, 4 June, 1804 ; 
d. Canterbury, 17 Nov., 1882. F.E.S., 1839. Assistant- 
surgeon to Horse Guards, 1843. * Catalogue of plants near 
Banbury,' 1841. * Notes on Eesearches in Botany,' 1870 ; 
ed. 2, 1880. Wrote on Eaphides. Herbarium at Chatham 
Literary Society. Journ. Bot. 1883, 31 ; Pritz. 132 ; Jacks. 
554; K. S. C. iii. 84, vii. 865; Druce, Fl. Oxfordsh., 395; 
Biograph, 1882, 388 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 334. 

Gunn^ Ronald Campbell (1808-81) : b. Cape Town, 4 April, 
1808 ; d. Launceston, Tasmania, 12 Mar., 1881. F.L.S., 
1850. F.E.S., 1854. In Tasmania from 1830. Plants at 
Kew. E. S. C. iii. 87 ; Journ. Bot. 1881, 192 ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc, 1881-2, 63 ; Lasegue, 283; Hooker, * Flora Tasmania,' 
cxxv. ; Proc. E. Soc. xxxiv. (1883), xiii. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxiii. 342. Col. chalk portr. at Kew. Gunniay Ldl. 

Gutch, John Wheeley Gough (1809-62) : b. Bristol, 1809 ; d. 
London, 30 April, 1862. Of Swansea. Queen's messenger, 
1850. F.B.S. Edin., 1840; F.L.S., 1848. M.E.C.S. * List 
of Swansea PI.,' Phyt. i. (1844), 104, &c. E. S. C. iii. 95; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 372. 

Hailstone, Samuel (1768-1851) : b. Hoxton, 1768 ; d. Bradford, 
Yorksh., 26 Dec, 1851 ; bur. Boston Spa. Solicitor. Of 
Horton Hall, Bradford. F.L.S., 1801. Contrib. to Eng. 
Bot. (1035, 2737, &c.). Herbarium in York Museum. Ap- 
pendix to Whitaker's Hist. Craven ; Baines, Fl. Yorks., pre- 
face ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 189 ; Leeds Mercury, 15 June, 
1889 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 2. 

Haldimand [see Marcet] . 

Hales^ Rev. Stephen (1677-1761) : b. Bekesbourne, Canter- 
bury, 7 Sept., 1677 ; d. Teddington, Middlesex, 4 Jan., 1761 ; 
bur. Teddington. B.A. Camb., 1700; M.A., 1703; B.D., 
1711; D.D. Oxon, 1733; F.E.S., 1718. Eector of Ted- 
dington, 1710. Clerk of Closet to Princess of Wales, 1751. 
* Vegetable Staticks,' 1727. Pritz. 133; Jacks. 67; Eees ; 
Card. Chron. 1877, i. 16, with portr. ; Gent. Mag. 1761, 32, 
44; 1764, 273; 'Annual Eegister,' 1765, with portr; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxiv. 32. Monument in Westminster Abbey. 
Portr. by F. Coates, E.A., engr. by Hopwood for Dr. Thorn- 
ton. Mezzo., after Hudson, at Kew. Halesia Browne = 
Gttettarda L. Halesia Ellis & L. 

Hall, — (d. 1834) : killed in revolution at Quito, 1834. Went 
to S. America, 1820 ; previously in Canada and U.S. Colonel 
in Columbian Service. Friend of Jameson. Sent plants to 
W. J. Hooker. Account of travels in Journ. Bot. 1834, 327 ; 
Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 29, 52. Lasegue, 472. 

Hall, Mrs. Agnes C. (1777-1846) : b. Koxburghsh., 1777 ; d. 
London, 1 Dec, 1846. m. Robert Hall, M.D. ' Elements 
of Botany,' 1802. Pritz. ed. 1, 108 ; Jacks. 35 ; Gent. Mag. 
1847, i. 97 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 53. 



76 BIOGKAPHICAL INDEX OF 

HaU, Robert or Richard (1763-1824) : b. Eoxburghsh., 1763 ; 
d. Chelsea, 1824. M.D. Edin. Husband of preceding. 
Naval surgeon. Practised in Jedburgh and London. ' Irrita- 
bility of Vegetables.' ' Elements of Botany,' 1802. E. S. C. 
iii. 139 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 85. 

HaU, Thomas B. (fl. 1839). Of Liverpool and, from 1839, of 
Coggeshall, Essex. Contributed largely to Neville Wood's 
Naturalist, vols, ii.-iv., 1837-9. * Flora of Liverpool,' 1839. 
Pritz 134 • Jacks 255 

Hall, William (d. 1800) : d. London, 3 April, 1800. Of White- 
hall, Chimside, Berwicksh. ** An enthusiastic botanist." 
Hist. Berwicksh. Nat. Club, 1887-9, 539. 

Halle, Hughes R. P. Fraser (fl. 1842-69). 'Letters, Historical 
and Botanical,' 1851. Pritz. 134 ; Jacks. 251. 

Halley, Edmund (1656-1742) : b. Haggerston, 29 Oct. 1656 ; d. 
Greenwich, 14 Jan., 1742 ; bur. Lee, Kent. Astronomer and 
Mathematician. Capt. E.N. M.A. Oxon, 1678 ; D.C.L., 
1710. F.R.S., 1678 ; Sec, 1713. Savilian Prof. Geometry, 
1703. Astronomer- Royal, 1720. Sent plants from Trinidad 
to Petiver, 1700. Mus. Pet. pp. 37, 77, 80; Gent. Mag. 
1742, 50 ; 1747, 455, 503 ; Athen. Ox. iv. 536 ; Fasti, ii. 368 ; 
Chahners ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 104. 

Halstead, William (fl. 1702). Major. Brought Carolina plants 
to Petiver, 1702. Mus. Pet. 96; Hb. Sloane, 158. 

Hambrough, Albert John (1820 ?-61) : b. 1820?; d. London, 
6 June, 1861. Of Steephill Castle, I. of W. F.L.S., 1856. 
F.B.S.E., 1839. Contributed to Bromfield's ' Flora Vecten- 
sis.' Seaweeds in Venables' * I. of W,' 1860. Found Arum 
italicu/m, Phyt. v. 194 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. vii. 202 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1862, xc. ; R. S. C. iii. 145. 

Hamilton, Charles (1753 ?-92) : b. Belfast, 1753 ? ; d. Hamp- 
stead, 14 March, 1792 ; bur. Bunhill Fields. Captain^ 
E.I.C.S. * Description of Mahwah Tree,' Asiatic Researches, 
i. 300. Dryand. iii. 282 ; Watt ; Rose ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxiv. 140. Monument at Belfast. 

Hamilton, Claudius (fi. 1699). Gave Barbadoes plants to 
Petiver. Mus. Pet. no. 674. 

Hamilton, Francis, ne Buchanan (1762-1829) : b. Branziet, 
Callander, Perth, 15 Feb., 1762; d. 15 June, 1829. M.D. 
Edin., 1783; A.L.S., 1788; F.L.S., 1816; F.R.S. Surgeon 
E. I. C, 1794. Superintendent, Bot. Gard., Calcutta, 1814- 
15. Contributed mosses to Eng. Bot., 1590, &c. Sent 400 
drawings Indian pi. to Smith. Exot. Bot. ii. t. 73. Plants at 
Kew and Brit. Mus. Jacks. 383 ; R. S. C. i. 692 ; Lasagne, 
138 ; Smith Lett. ii. 85 ; ' Men whom India has known,' 1871 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. vii. 186. BuchananiaSm,=Colebrooi€ea Sm. 
BiLchanania Spreng. 

Hamilton, Rev. James (1814-67) : b. Paisley, N.B., 27 Nov., 
1814 ; d. Euston Sq., London, 24 Nov., 1867. M.A. Glasgow ; 
D.D. Edin. Pastor of Regent Sq. Church, 1841. F.L.S., 
1848. Wrote bot. in Fairbairn^s * Diet, of the Bible.' ' Life ' 
by W. Arnot, 1870, w. portr. ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1867-8, civ. ; 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 77 

Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. ix. 269 ; Vapereau ; * Men of the 
Time,* ed. 6 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 188. 

HamUton, William (fl. 1825-54). M.D. * Prodromus pi. Indise 
occidentalis,' 1825. Contributed to Pharm. Journ. Pritz. 
134 ; Jacks. 368 ; E. S. C. iii. 147. 

Hammond^ William (fl. 1842). ' Catalogue of Orchidaceous PL* 
Pritz. 134 • Jacks. 414. 

Hanbuiy, Daniel (1825-75) : b. London, 11 Sept., 1825 ; d. 
Clapham, Surrey, 24 March, 1875. E.L.S., 1855 ; F.E.S., 
1867. Pharmacologist. * Pharmacographia,* 1874 ; ed. 2, 
1879. Herbarium at Pharm. Soc. Pritz. 135 ; Jacks. 555 ; 
E. S. C. ii. 155 ; vii. 897 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1874-5, xlvii. ; 
Journ. Bot. 1875, 127 ; Pharm. Journ., 3rd. ser., v. 797 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1875, i. 429 ; ii. 112, with portr. Papers, with 
memoir, and portr. engr. C. H. Jeens, 1876 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xxiv. 270. Portr. at Pharm. Soc. Hanburia Seem. 

Hanbury^ Rev. William (1725-78) : b. Bedworth, Warwicksh., 
1725 ; d. Langton, 1 March, 1778 ; bur. Langton. B.A. 
Oxon, 1748 ; A.M. St. Andrews, 1769 ; F.L.S., 1790. 
Eector of Church-Langton, Leicestershire, 1753. Nichols, 
Hist. Leicestershire, ii. pt. ii. 667. * Planting and gardening : 
a complete history of timber- trees,' 1770. Journ. Hort. xxx. 
(1876), 309, with portr ; Felton, 143 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 
271. Portr. by Penny at Langton Eectory. 

Hance, Henry Fletcher (1827-86) : b. Brompton, London, 4 
Aug., 1827 ; d. Amoy, 22 June, 1886 ; bur. Wong-nei- Chung 
Valley, Hong-Kong. F.L.S., 1878. Ph.D., 1849. Acting 
Consul at Whampoa, Canton, and Amoy. In China from 
1844. Herbarium at Brit. Mus. Pritz. 135 ; Jacks. 555 ; 
E. S. C. iii. 156 ; vii. 898; Journ. Bot. 1887, 1, with portr. ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 272. Hancea Seemann = Mallotus. 

Hancock, John (11. 1804-38). M.D. Fellow of Medico-Bot. 
Soc. London. Eesided 25 years in Brit. Guiana, and collected 
plants. * Observations on . . . Angostura Bark Tree,' Trans. 
Med.-Bot. Soc. 1829, 16, Appx. p. 11. Pritz. ed. 1, 110 ; 
E. S. C. iii. 158. 

Hancock, Thomas (1783-1849) : b. Lisburn, co. Antrim, 1783 ; 
d. Lisburn, 6 April, 1849. M.D. Edin., 1809; L.E.C.P., 
1809. Settled in London, 1809-30. * PI. found near Bristol, 
1836,' Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. 25 ; * Lamium maculatum,' ih, 
32. E. S. C. iii. 159 ; Munk, iii. 78 ; Friends' Books, i. 910 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 275. 

Handisyd (or Handy side)^ George (fl. 1695). Collected in 
Barbadoes. Hb. Sloane, 55 ; Sloane MSS. 4096, xi. 727. 

Hanham, Frederick (fl. 1846-57). Of Bath. * Natural Illus- 
trations of British Grasses,' 1846. ' Manual for the [Victoria] 
Park ; Bot. Arrangement of the Trees,' 1857. Jacks. 555. 

Hankey, John Alexander (d. 1882). F.L.S., 1835. Dis- 
covered Allium amhiguum, 1837, and Polygomcm dumetorum. 
Eng. Bot. 2803, 2811. 

Hannington^ Rev. James (1847-85) : b. Hurstpierpoint, 3 
Sept., 1847; murdered, Uganda, Africa, 30 Oct., 1885. B.A., 



78 BIOGBAFHICAL INDEX OP 

1873; D.D. Oxon, 1884. F.L.S., 1883. Bishop of East 
Equatorial Africa, 1884. Life, by E. C. Dawson, 1878, 
with portr. ; Joum. Bot. 1886, 128 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1885-6, 
143 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 307. Asplenium Hanningtoni 
Baker. 

Hardcastle^ Lucy (fl. 1830). ' Elements of Linnean System/ 
1830. Jacks. 17. 

Hardwicke^ Thomas (d. 1835). Major-General in Indian 
Army. F.L.S., 1804. F.E.S. CoUected in India, 1792, and 
made collection of drawings. In Mauritius, 1811. Draw- 
ings and Mauritius plants in Brit. Mus. R. S. C. iii. 157 ; 
Smith Lett. ii. 118. Litho-portr. by Louis Haghe, after J. 
Lucas, in * Illustrations of Indian Zoology,' 1834 ; copy at 
Kew. Hardwickia Roxb. 

Hardy, John (1817-84) : b. York, 4 Nov., 1817 ; d. Manchester, 
15 Sept., 1884 ; bur. cemetery, Withington. F.B.S.Ed., 1844. 
Contrib. to Phyt. i. 92 ; Joum. Bot. 1846, 88. Herb, in that 
of Mr. C. Bailey. R. S. C. vii. 907. Obituary and photo- 
portr. in Ann. Rept., Manchester Sci. Students' Assoc, 
1884. 

Hare, Richard (fl. 1810). Of Bath. Algologist. F.L.S., 1810. 
** Paid particular attention to the AlgaB of Devonshire," Turner, 
Fuci, iv. 4. 

HarknesB, Robert (1816-78) : b. Ormskirk, 28 July, 1816 ; d. 
Dumfries? 5 Oct., 1878. PalaBontologist. F.R.S., 1856. 
R. S. C. iii. 183 ; vii. 908 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 390. 

Harland, William AureUus (d. before 1861). M.D. Colonial 
Surgeon at Hong-Kong. Collected and sent plants to Hance. 
Fl. Hong-Kong, 10 * ; Walp. Ann. ii. 648 ; L Bot. 1887, 5. 
Harlandia Hance = Zehneria, ^vsrcuS Harlandi Hance. 

Harley, Anna [see San Giobgio] . 

Harley^ Margaret Cavendish [see Bentinck] . 

Harlow, James (fl. 1660-80). Sent to Jamaica by Sir Arthur 
Rawdon. Brought plants from America to Plukenet (Aim. 
34, 63, 260). Hb. Sloane, 96. Loudon, Encyc. Card. 282. 
See Sloane MSS. 4056, 16, 122, 120. 

Harpur-Crewe, Rev. Henry (1880-83) : b. 30 Sept., 1830 ; d. 
Drayton Beauchamp, Herts, 7 Sept., 1883. B.A. Camb., 1851 ; 
M.A., 1855. Rector of Drayton Beauchamp, 1860. Ento- 
mologist. Cultivated Crocuses (** the richest collection in 
Europe," Bot. Mag. t. 6168). Entomol. Monthly Mag. 1883, 
118. Journ. Bot. 1883, 381. Crocus Crewei Hook. f. 

Harriman, Rev. John (1760-1831) : b. Maryport, Cumberland, 
1760; d. Croft, Yorksh., 3 Dec, 1831. Of Egglestone and 
Gainford, Durham. F.L.S., 1798. Lichenologist. Contri- 
buted to Eng. Bot. (361, 2539, &c.) ; Bot. Guide, 142, 239 ; 
Winch, Bot. Guide, ii. ii. Discovered Gentiana venia. 
Michaud ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 433. Verrucaria Harri- 
manni Ag. 

Harrington, Robert (fl. 1780-1815). M.D. Practised in 
Carlisle. * General Principles of Vegetable Life,' 1781. 
Jacks. 67 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxiv. 436. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 79 

Harris, Sir William Comwallis (1807-48) : b. Wittersham, 
Kent, 1807 ; d. Surwur, nr. Poona, 9 Oct., 1848. Major 
H.E.I.C.S., 1843. Knighted 1844. African traveller. ' Trees 
producing Myrrh,' Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 181. K. S. C. iii. 191 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxv. 28. 

Harrison, Thomas (fi. 1724). Of Manchester. Sent plants to 
Dillenius. Herbarium of 4000 spp., mostly exotic ferns, in 
Manchester Library. E. Syn. iii. 442 ; Pluk. Almagest. 26 ; 
Cash, 6 ; E. S. C. iii. 193. 

Harvey^ Alexander (1811-89) : b. 1811 ; d. London, 25 April, 
1889. M.A. and M.D., Aberdeen. Prof. Mat. Medica, Aber- 
deen. Practised at Southampton. * Trees and their Nature,' 
1856. Pritz. 136 ; Boase. 

Harvey, William Henry (1811-66) : b. Summerville, Limerick, 
5 Feb., 1811 ; d. Torquay, Devon, 15 May, 1866 ; bur. Tor- 
quay. M.D. Dubl., 1844. F.L.S., 1857. F.E.S. Colonial 
Treasurer at Cape, 1835-41. Prof. Bot. Eoyal Dublin Soc, 
1848 ; Trin. Coll. Dublin, 1856. Visited United States, 1849 ; 
Australia, New Zealand, &c., 1854-56. * Genera of S. African 
Plants,' 1838. * Manual of Brit. Algas,' 1841. * Phycologia 
Brit.,' 1846-51. Herbarium at Dublin. Pritz. 136; Jacks. 
556; Memoir, with portr., 1869; E. S. C. iii. 205; vii. 917; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1865-6, 61 ; Journ. Hort. xiii. (1866), 236 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1866, 537 ; Journ. Bot. 1866, 231 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xxv. 100. Portr. in Ipswich Museum series ; copy at 
Kew. Harvey a Hook. 

Haslam^ Samuel Holker (d. 1856) : d. Woodhouse, Milnthorpe, 
Westmoreland, 13 April, 1856. F.L.S., 1836. Phyt. i. 544. 
Herbarium presented in 1854 to Kendal Nat. Hist. Soc. 
Jacks. 23 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1856, xlii. 

Hawkes, Rev. Henry (1805-86) : b. Dukinfield, Cheshire, 1 
Feb., 1805; d. Liverpool, 29 Jan., 1886. M.A. ? Glasgow. 
F.L.S., 1842. At Portsmouth, 1833-71. Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1885-6, 143. Portr., Portsmouth Public Library. 

Hawkins, Ellen (fl. 1854-68). Bot. appendix, Eobertson's 
' Handbook to the Peak,' 1854 ; ed. 2, 1868. 

Hawkins, John (fl. 1739-94). Surgeon, of Dorchester. ' Peru- 
vian Bark-tree' (plate). Studied in London. Letter in Bot. 
Dept. Brit. Mus. Linn. Trans, iii. 60. 

Haworth, Adrian Hardy (1768-1833) : b. Hull, 1768 ; d. 
Queen's Elm, Chelsea, 24 Aug., 1833. Entomologist. F.L.S., 
1798. Lived at Cottingham, near Hull, 1812-17 ; at Little 
Chelsea, 1817-33. A founder of Hull Bot. Garden. Discovered 
Cyperus fuscus at Chelsea. * Observations on Mesembryanthe- 
mum,' 1794. * Synops. pi. succulent.,' 1812-19. * Saxifra- 
gearum Enumeratio,' 1821. Herbarium in Fielding's 
Herbarium at Oxford. Pritz. 138 ; Jacks. 556 ; Mag. Nat. 
Hist. vi. 562 ; ix. 447 ; Cott. Gard. vi. 157 ; K. S. C. iii. 235 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1833, ii. 377; Faulkner, Chelsea, ii. 11; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxv. 246. Litho. by Weld Taylor, from bust. 
Hatvorthia Duval. 

Haxton, John (fl. 1792). A.L.S., 1798. Gardener, attached to 



80 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Macartney's Embassy to China. Lasegue, 159. Haxtonia 
Caley ^ Olearia, 

Hay^ William (11. 1699). Surgeon. Sent plants from New- 
foundland to Petiver. Mus. Pet. no. 653. Hb. Sloane, 159. 

Hayes, Samuel (fi. 1794). Of Avondale, co. Wicklow. M.E.I. A. 
' Treatise on Planting/ 1794. 

Hayne, William Amherst (1847-73) : b. Clifton, Bristol, 4 Oct., 
1847 ; d. Catania, Sicily, 5 Jan., 1873. B.A. Camb., 1870. 
* Flora of Moab,' Journ. Bot. 1872, 289. 'Letters,' 1873. 
Journ. Bot. 1878, 96 ; E. S. C. vii. 928. 

Heaton, Rev. Richard (fl. 1661). Of Dublin. D.D. Dublin, 
1661. First Irish botanist. Pult. ii. 194 ; Threlkeld, * Syn. 
Stirp. Hibern.' pref. c, i. ; How; Merrett; Eay, Syn. ed. 3, 253. 

Heberden, WUliam (1710-1801) : b. London, 1710 ; d. Lon- 
don, 17 May, 1801 ; bur. Windsor parish church. B.A. 
Camb., 1728; M.A., 1732; M.D., 1739. F.E.S., 1749. Prac- 
tised in Cambridge till 1748 ; afterwards in London. Lectured 
on materia medica at Cambridge, 1745. Specimens presented 
to St. John's Coll. Munk, ii. 159 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxv. 360. 
Engr. by W. Ward, after oil portr. by Sir W. Beachey, 1795, 
at E. C. P. Heberdenia Banks = Myrsine. 

Helme, William (1785-1834) : b. Warrington, 27 March, 1785 ; 
d. Preston, 11 April, 1834. Warper. Entomologist. Member 
of Bot. Soc. meeting at * Green Man,' Lord St., Preston. 
Collected plants with Mr. Tomlinson, surgeon. Whittle, Hist, 
Preston, ii. 291. 

Hemsted^ Rev. John (1746-1824) : b. Lynton, Cambs., 11 June, 
1746; d. Bedford, Feb., 1824. B.A. Camb., 1810; M.A., 
1814. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. Correspondent of Smith. Brit. 
plants in Bot. Dep. Mus. Brit. 

Henderson^ Joseph (d. 1866) : d. Wentworth Woodhouse, 
Yorks., 22 Nov., 1866. A.L.S., 1842. Superintendent of 
Earl Fitzwilliam's gardens. * Germination of Ferns,' Mag. 
Zool. Bot. i. (1837), 333. ' Stigma of Mimulus and Diplacus,' 
Ann. & Mag. vi. (1841), 51. * Equisetum,' Linn. Trans, xviii. 
1841, 567. Pritz. 140; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1866-7, xxxv; 
E. S. C. iii. 273; Gard. Chron. 1866, 1138. Hendersonia 
Berkeley. 

Henderson^ Logan (fl. 1787). Botanist to the Tsar. In Crimea, 
1787. Cott. Gard. viii. 187. 

Henderson, Peter (1823-90) : b. Pathhead, Edinburgh, 1823 ; 
d. Jersey City, 17 Jan., 1890. Gardener and florist. To N. 
York, 1842. Collected British plants when young. * Hand- 
book of Plants.' Bot. Gazette, 1890, 78. 

HenfVey, Arthur (1819-59): b. Aberdeen, 1 Nov., 1819; d. 
Turnham Green, Middlesex, 7 Sept., 1859. A.L.S., 1843 ; 
F.L.S., 1844; F.E.S., 1852. Prof, of Bot., King's Coll., 
London, 1852. ' Outlines of . . . Bot.,' 1847. * Eudiments 
of Botany,' 1849. * Vegetation of Europe,' 1852. Pritz. 
140 ; Jacks. 557 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1859-60, 23 ; E. S. C. 
iii. 275; Cott. Gard. xxii. (1859), 385; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxv. 410. Henfreya Lindl.= Asy stasia. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 81 

Kennedy, Roger (1809-77) : b. Carrickfergus, Belfast, Aug., 
1809; d. Bothwell, Lanark, 22 Oct., 1877. Prof. Bot., 
Anderson Univ., Glasgow, 1863. * Clydesdale Flora,' 1865 ; 
ed. 4, 1878, with portr. Jacks. 249 ; Journ. Bot. 1877, 96 ; 
Pref. to * Clydesdale Flora,* ed. 4 ; Top. Bot. 647 ; Boase ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxv. 422. Navictila Hennedii W. Smith. 

Henslow^ Rev. John Stevens (1796-1861) : b. Eochester, 6 
Feb., 1796; d. Hitcham, Suffolk, 16 May, 1861 ; bur. Hitcham. 
B.A. Camb., 1818; M.A., 1821. F.L.S.,- 1818 ; F.G.S., 
1819. Prof. Mineralogy, Cambridge, 1822 ; of Botany, 1825. 
Vicar of Cholsey, Berks, 1832. Eector of Hitcham, 1837. 

* Principles of . . . Bot.,* 1836. Pritz. 141 ; Jacks. 558; 
E. S. C. iii. 296 ; Memoir by L. Jenyns, 1862, with portr. and 
bibliog. ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1861, xxv ; Gard. Chron. 1861, 
505, 527, 551; Gent. Mag. 1861, ii. 90; Journ. Hort. i. 
(1861), 138 ; Life of Darwin, i. 168 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 
vii. 196; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvi. 135. Portr. in Ipswich 
Museum series. Bust by Woolner in Kew Museum. Hens- 
lowia Wall. 

Henslow^ P. H. [see Hooker, F. H.]. 

Herbert, Hon. and Rev- William (1778-1847) : b. 12 Jan., 
1778; d. London, 28 May, 1847. B.A. Oxon, 1798; M.A., 
1802. D.C.L., 1808. B.D., 1840. M.P., 1806-12. Eector 
of Spofforth, Yorks., 1814. Dean of Manchester, 1840. 

* AmaryllidacesB,' 1837, with plates by author. ' Crocorum 
Synopsis,' Bot. Kegister, 1843-45. Drawings at Eoy. Hort. 
Soc. Pritz. 141 ; Jacks. 558 ; K. S. C. iii. 305 ; Gard. Chron. 
1847, 372 ; ' Garden,' xxviii. p. 400 ; Proc. Manch. Lit. Phil. 
Soc. xxv. 43 ; Gent. Mag. 1843, pt. i. 115 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxvi. 234. Herhertia Sweet. 

Heron^ Andrew (d. 1729) : d. Bargally, Kirkcudbright, 1729. 
Lived at Bargally from 1690. Loudon, * Arboretum,' i. 95. 

Hesketh (or Hasket)^ Thomas (1561-1613) : b. Martholme 
Hall, Blackburn, Lancashire," 1561 ; d. Clitheroe, 7 Dec, 
1613. ** A painefuU chirurgion and simplist," Parkinson. 
Practised as physician and surgeon at Clitheroe. Correspon- 
dent of Gerard and Parkinson. Pult. i. 124 ; Ger. Em. 241, 
780, 1629, &c. ; Parkinson, *Theatrum,' 766, 1015, &c. ; 
'Palatine Note-book,' v. (1885) 7 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvi. 297. 

Heward, Robert (1751-1877) : b. 1791 ; d. Wokingham, Berks., 
24 Oct., 1877. F.L.S., 1836. In Jamaica, 1823-6. * Ferns 
of Jamaica,' Mag. Nat. Hist. 1838. Herbarium at Kew. 
Pritz. 143 ; Jacks. 370 ; Journ. Bot. 1877, 380 ; K. S. C. iii. 
342 ; Lasegue, 266, &c. ; Gard. Chron. 1877, ii. 571. Hew- 
ardia J. Sm. = Adiantum. Hewardia Hook. 

Hey, John (1801 ?-37): b. Leeds?, 1801?; d. Leeds, 11 Dec, 
1837. Surgeon. F.L.S. F.G.S. Curator, Leeds Lit. and 
Phil. Soc. Botanist and geologist. * Leeds Worthies,' 371, 
665. ' Leeds Mercury,' 22 June, 1889. Oil portr. by Wm. 
Eobinson, in possession of family. 

Hey, Mrs. (fl. 1833). Of Leeds. * Moral of Flowers,' 1883. 
Jacks. 214. 

7 



82 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Heyne^ Benjamin (d. 1819) : d. Vappera, Madras, 6 Feb., 1819. 
M.D. F.L.S., 1813. Bot. Mag. 1738. R. S. C. iii. 345. 
Heynea Roxb. 

Hibberd, James Shirley (1825-90) : b. Stepney, 1825 ; d. 
Kew, 16 Nov., 1890 ; bur. Abney Park cemeteiy. Horticul- 
tural writer. Editor * Floral World,* 1858-72, and ' Gardener's 
Magazine.' * Field Flowers,' 1870 ; * Seaweed Collector,' 
1872. Jacks. 558 ; R. S. C. vii. 975 ; Journ. Bot. 1890, 382 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1890, ii. 596, w. portr ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvi. 
342. 

Hibbert^ George (1757-1837) : b. Manchester, 1757 ; d. Mun- 
den, near Watford, Herts., 8 Oct., 1837 ; bur. Aldenham. 
M.P., 1806-12. F.L.S., 1793; F.R.S., 1811. Had bot. 
garden at Clapham. Sent Niven to the Cape. Herbarium 
presented to Linn. Soc. Eng. Bot. 524 ; Journ. Bot. 1886, 
296. Proc. Roy. Soc. iv. 93 ; Gent. Mag. 1838, pt. i. 96 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxvi. 343. Portr. by Sir Thomas Lawrence at 
E. and W. India Co. One by Hoppner, engr. Ward. 

Hibbert, WilUam (fl. 1837). M.D. Army surgeon, Bombay. 
' Mucor hyphsBnes,' Nat. iv. (1838-9), 71. 

HiU, Edward (fl. 1781). M.D. Prof. Bot., Dublin University. 
P. Browne gave him a large herbarium. Trans. Linn. Soc. 
iv. 32. 

HiU, Edward Smith (1819 ?-80) : b. 1819 ? ; d. Sydney, 17 
March, 1880. * Report on Flora of Lord Howe's Island,' 
1870. Journ. Bot. 1880, 224. 

HiU, John (1716-75) : b. Peterborough or Spalding, 1716 ; 
d. Bayswater, 22 Nov., 1775; bur. Denham. M.D. St. 
Andrew's. Knight of the Polar Star, 1774. First Superin- 
tendent, Royal Gardens, Kew. Had bot. gard. at Bays- 
water. * Plants of the World,' 1751. * Herbal,' 1756. ' The 
Vegetable System,' 1759-75. *Hortus Kewensis,' 1768. 
Pult. ii. 293 ; Pritz. 144 ; Jacks. 559 ; ' Works and Life,' 
1779; Gent. Mag. 1775, 551; Cott. Gard. v. 121; Wadd, 
* Nugae Chirurg.* 224 ; Hutchinson, * Biog. Medica ' ; * Biog. 
Dramatica ' ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvi. 397. Portr. by F. 
Coates, R.A., 1757, engr. by Vendramini for Dr. Thornton, 
and in mezzo, bv R. Houston. Hillia Jacq. 

HiU, Bliss (fl. 1800^0). Of Plymouth (?). Algologist. Corre- 
spondent of Dawson Turner. Greville, Algae Brit. vi. ; 
Turner, Fuci, i. 60 ; ** A most indefatigable and faithful 
observer," Eng. Bot. 2084. XitopJu/Uum HUUcb Grev. 

HiU, Robert Southey (d. 1872). Of Basingstoke. M.D. 
F.L.S., 1856. Contributed to Phvt. i. 187. Herbarium in 
Winchester Museum. Prepared a MS. Flora of Hants. 
Townsend, Fl. Hampsh. xxi. ; Journ. Bot. 1872, 352. 

Hnicks, Hannah (1798-1871), Of BeHast. Algologist. Eldest 
daughter of the following. Phyc. Brit. t. 22. Ectocarpus 
Hi neks ue Harv. 

Hincks, Rev- Thomas Dix (1767-1857) : b. Dublin, 24 June, 
1767 ; d. Belfast, 24 Feb., 1857 ; bur. KiUeagh, co. Down. 
LL.D. Glasijow, 1834. Corr. Sec. Belfast Bot. Soc. Sec. 



/ 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 83 

to Cork Institution. * On Fl. of Ireland,* Ann. & Mag. vi. 

(1841), 1. Found Hypericum linariifolnmiy 1838. Contrib. 

to Eng. Bot. (2017, 2184). AUin, * Fl. Cork,' pref. ii. E. S. C. 

iii. 355 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvi. 441. 
Hincks, Rev. William (1794-1871) : b. Cork, May, 1794 ; d. 

Toronto, 10 Sept., 1871. Son of preceding. Lecturer on 

Bot., York School of Medicine, 1839. Prof. Nat. Hist., 

Queen's Coll., Cork, 1849; Toronto, 1854. F.L.S., 1826. 

F.E.S.E. * Vegetable Monstrosities,' Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 

(1840-41), 118. Baines, Fl. Yorks., preface; Canadian 

Journ. 1872, 253 ; E. S. C. iii. 355 ; vii. 983 ; Proc. Linn. 

Soc. 1872, Ixv ; Johnston Corr. 152 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. 

Biog. xxvi. 441. 
Hinds, Richard Brinsley (d. before 1861). Surgeon E.N. 

* Eegions of Vegetation,' 1843. Edited ' Bot. of H.M.S. 
' Sulphur,' 1844. Bot. Reg. 1844, p. 40; Pritz. 145; Jacks. 
222 ; E. S. C. iii. 358. Hindsia Benth. 

Hinds, William (1811-81) : b. Birmingham, 1811 ; d. Birming- 
ham, 18 Oct., 1881 ; bur. Old Cemetery, Birmingham. M.D. 
Aberdeen, 1847. Prof. Bot., Queen's Coll., Birmingham^ 
1861. Lect. Bot., Midland Institute. E. S. C. vii. 984; 
Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 695. 

Kindson, Isaac (fl. 1836-72). Of Kirkby Lonsdale. Baker, 
'Flora of Lake. District,' 11. 

Hoare, Sarah (1767 ?-1855) : b. Bristol, 1767?; d. Bath?, 14 
April, 1855. * Pleasures of Bot. Pursuits/ 1818. * Poems on 
Conchology and Botany,' 1831. Friends' Books, i. 955 ; 

* Annual Monitor,' 1856. 

Hoblyn, Richard Dennis (1803-86): b. Colchester, 9 April, 
1803; d. London, 22 Aug., 1886. "Educational writer." 
M.A. Oxon, 1828. * British Plants,'. 1851. * Botany,' 1851. 
Jacks. 559 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 50. 

Hobson, Edward (1782-1830) : b. Manchester, 1782 ; d. Man- 
chester, 17 Sept., 1830; bur. St. George's, Hulme. Musco- 
logist. First President, Banksian Society of Manchester, 
1829. President, Lancashire Botanists. Correspondent of 
W. J. Hooker. * Musci Britannici,' 1818-22. Herbarium 
purchased by Manchester Bot. and Hort. Soc. Cash, 41 ; 
Mem. Lit. Phil. Soc. Manchester, 2nd ser., vi. 297 ; Gard. 
Mag. vi. 749 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 51. 

Hockin, John (d. before 1885). Of Dominica. Journ. Bot. 
1843, 13. Two vols. Dominica plants in Koyal Insti- 
tution, Cornwall. Journ. K. I. C. viii. 319. Hockinia 
Gardn. 

Hodgson^ Elizabeth (1814-77) : b. 1814 ; d. Ulverstone, Lanca- 
shire, 26 Dec, 1877. Memb. Bot. Ex. Club. * Fl. of Lake 
Lancashire,' Journ. Bot. 1874. Herbarium in Herb. Mus. 
Brit. Journ. Bot. 1878, 64 ; Gard. Chron. 1878, i. 178 ; 
E. S. C. iii. 379 ; vii. 994. 

Hodson, Nathaniel Shirley (fl. 1815-33). A.L.S., 1823. 
Superintendent, Bury St. Edmunds Bot. Gard., 1833. Eng. 
Bot. 2645. Sent plants to Sims for Bot. Mag. (2402, &c.). 



84 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

* Collection ' (? nursery) at S. Lambeth, 1815-6 (Bot. Reg. 
166, &c.). 

Hofftaian, G. H. (1805-82) : b. Margate, 1805 ; d. Margate, 
31 March, 1882 ; bur. same place. Grew Mucor subtilis- 
simtis on Onions, Joum. Hort. Soc. iii. 92. Gard. Chron. 
1882, i. 540. 

Hogg, John (1800-69) : b. Norton, Durham, 21 March, 1800 ; 
d. same place. 16 Sept., 1869. B.A. Camb., 1822 ; M.A., 1827; 
M.A. Oxon, 1844 ; F.R.S., 1839 ; F.L.S., 1822. ' Cat. SiciUan 
Plants,' 1842. Top. Bot. 548. 'Nat. Hist. Stockton-on- 
Tees,' 1827. Jacks. 560 ; R. S. C. iii. 399 ; vii. 1004 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1869-70, c. ; Johnston Corr. 186 ; Boase ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxvii. 103. 

Holbeach, Rev. Charles (fl. 1812). Of Farnborough, War- 
wicksh. Discovered Linosyris, Eng. Bot. 2505. 

Holcombe, Rev. John (fl. 1710-75). Of Pembroke. B.A. 
Camb., 1724; M.A., 1728. Correspondent of Sir J. CuUum 
and Lightfoot. Cullum MSS. at Hardwick House, Bury 
St. Edmunds ; Journ. Bot. 1886, 22 ; Gent. Mag. 1761, 188 ; 
1775 255. 

Holdich, BeEdamin (1770-1824) : b. Thorney, Nov., 1770; d. 
1824. Editor of ' The Farmer's Journal.' ' Essay on the 
Weeds of Agriculture,' 1825, pub. posthumously, by G. 
Sinclair, with biogr. preface. Jacks. 501. 

Holdsworth^ J. H. (fl. 1842). M.D. * Memoranda on Tours 
and Touraine .... with a sketch of the Botany,' 1842. 

HoU, Harvey Buchanan (1820-86) : b. Worcester?, 28 Sept., 
1820; d. Cheltenham, 11 Sept., 1886. M.D. Aberd., 1859. 
Civil Surgeon in Crimea. Practised in Pimlico. On Geol. 
Survey, Pennsylvania. Collected 47 vols, of British Lichens, 
now in Herb. Mus. Brit. R. S. C. iii. 404. ; Journ. Bot. 
1886, 384 ; Geol. Mag. 1886, 526, with bibliogr. 

Holme, Rev. John (fl. 1800-15). Of Cambridge. M.A., 1818. 
F.L.S., 1800. Contributed to Eng. Bot. (780, 947, 2266, 
&c.). K. S. C. iii. 407. 

Holmes, Rev. Edward Adolphus (d. 1885-6) : d. St. Mar- 
garet's, S. Elsham, Suff., 1885-6. F.L.S., 1834; M.A. 
Camb., 1835. Eector of St. Margaret's, 1833—85-6. Gal- 
pine, ' Flowering Plants of Harleston ' (1888), 23. 

Hooke, Robert (1635-1703) : b. Freshwater, I. of Wight, 18 
July, 1635 ; d. Gresham College, London, 3 March, 1703 ; 
bur. St. Helen's, Bishopsgate. M.A. Oxon, 1663 ; M.D. 
Cantuar., 1691. F.E.S., 1663 ; Sec. 1677-82. Assistant to 
Kobert Boyle, 1655. Curator of Experiments to Eoyal 
Society, 1662. Prof. Mechanics, 1664. * Micrographia,' 
1665. Pritz. 148 ; Jacks. 219 ; Life prefixed to * Posthu- 
mous Works,' 1705; Athen. Ox. iv. 628; Fasti, ii. 274; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 283. 

Hooker^ Frances Harriet, iiee Henslow (1825-74) : b. Cam- 
bridge, 13 April, 1825; d. Kew, 13 Nov., 1874; m. Dr. J. D. 
Hooker (since knighted), 1851. Translated Le Maout & De- 
caisne's * Analytical and Descriptive Botany,' 1873. Jacks. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 8^ 

560 ; Journ. Bot. 1874, 383 ; Gard. Chron. 1874, ii. 
661. 

Hooker, William (1779-1832) : b. 1779 ; d. London, 1832. 
Botanical artist. F.E.H.S. Pupil of Bauer. Engraved 
and coloured Knight's * Pomona Herefordiensis,' 1811. 
Coloured Lambert's ' Pinus.' * Pomona Londinensis,' 1813- 
18. ' * Paradisus Londinensis,' 1806. Journ. Bot. 1886, 51. 
Hookera Salisb. 

Hooker, William Dawson (1816-40) : b. Glasgow, 4 April, 
1816; d. Kingston, Jamaica, 1 Jan., 1840. Eldest son of 
the following. Ornithologist and entomologist. M.D. Glas- 
gow, 1839. * Notes on Norway,' 1837. * Inaug. dissertat. 
on Cinchona,' 1839. Pritz. 148 ; Jacks. 128 ; Lasegue, 395 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 298. 

Hooker, Sir WUliam Jackson (1785-1865) : b. Norwich, 
6 July, 1785 ; d. Kew, 12 Aug., 1865. Begins Prof. Bot., 
Glasgow, 1820. F.L.S., 1806; F.E.S., 1812; LL.D., 
Glasgow ; D.C.L. Oxon, 1845. Knight of Hanover, 1836. 
Director, Koyal Gardens, Kew, 1841-65. * British Jun- 
germannisB,' 1816. ' Muscologia Britannica,' 1817. * Flora 
Scotica,' 1821. Edited *Bot. Mag.' from 1826. 'British 
Flora,' 1835. Pritz. 148; Jacks. 560; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1865-6, Ixvi. ; Journ. Bot. 1665, 326 ; Gard. Chron. 1865, 793, 
818 ; K. S. C. iii. 422 ; vii. 1012 ; Journ. Hort. ix. (1865), 
145 ; Gent. Mag. 1865, 512 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 296. 
Portr. * Men of Eminence,' 1863. Portr. in Ipswich Mus. 
series. Oil portr. by T. Phillips, in possession of family; 
one by Gambardella and bust by Woolner at Linn. Soc. 
Wedgwood medallion. Bust and portr. at Kew. Hookeria 
Sm. 

Hooper, Robert (1773-1835) : b. London, 1773 ; d. London, 
6 May, 1835. B.A. Oxon, 1803; M.A., 1804; M.B., 1804; 
M.D. St. Andrew's, 1805. F.L.S., 1796. * Structure and 
Economy of Plants,' 1797. Pritz. 150 ; Jacks. 34 ; Munk, 
iii. 29 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 306. 

Hope, John (1725-86) : b. Edinburgh, 10 May, 1725; d. 
same place, 10 Nov., 1786. M.D. Glasgow, 1750. Pupil 
of Bernard de Jussieu. Prof. Bot. Edin., 1761. F.E.S. 
First to teach Linnsean system in Scotland. Taught J. E. 
Smith. Introduced Fopulus candicans and P. monilifera, 

* Bheum palmaturriy' Phil. Trans. 1766. * Genera plantarum " 
(anon.), 1780. Helped Lightfoot (Fl. Scotica, pref. xii.). 
Eees (sub voce * Hopea ') ; Life, Harveian Oration by 
Andrew Duncan, Edin., 1789 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 321. 
Portr. drawn and engr. by J. Kay, 1786. Hopea L. = 
Symplocos L. Hopea Eoxb. 

Hope, Thomas Charles (1766-1844) : b. Edinburgh, 21 July, 
1766 ; d. same place, 13 June, 1844. Son of preceding. 
M.D. Edin., 1787 ; A.L.S., 1788. Prof. Chemistry, Glasgow 

* Tentamen . . . de plantarum motibus,* 1787. Pritz. 150 
Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 250 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 329. 

Hopkirk, Thomas (1785-1841) : b. Dalbeth, Glasgow, 1785 ; 



86 BIOGBAFHICAL i:SI>lSX OF 

d. Malone, Belfast, 24 Aug., 1841. LL.D. Glasgow, 1835; 
F.L.S., 1812. Foanded Bot. Institution, Glasgow. * Cat. 
Plants of Garden, Dalbeth,' 181:^. ^ Flora Glottiana,* 1813. 
'Flora Anomoia/ 1817. ^ Juvenile Calendar,' 1837. Pritz. 
150 : Jacks. 261 ; Eng. Bot. 2532 ; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc.> 
Glasgow, i. (n.s.) 196> w. portrait ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 341. 
HopkirkiaSipr, ^= SiilrfUia, Ho-pfcirkiaDi^.^^ Schkuhria, 

man, Rer. WlUlam Stnmg (1808-82) : b. Plvmouth, 180S ; 
d. Barnstaple, Devon, 1882. B.A. Camb.,' 1830: M.A.> 
1840; M.A. Oxon, 1851: F.L.S., 1840: F.B.8. Ed.. 1836. 
^car, St. Clement's, Oxford, 1850 ; Shebbear, IVvon, 1855. 
Contributed list of Devon and Cornwall plants to Phy^. 
1841. Communicated Algae to Harvey. Phyt. 1845, 2^ ; 
1851, 94. Discovered Orobancke amethystea and Tnrbliti'fH 
MolineiiL Joum. Bot. 1882, 288 ; R. S. C. iii. 433. *Horw» 
Harv. 

Honnan, Rev. William (d. 1535) : b. Salisbury : d. £tou> 
Bucks, 12 April, 1535 : bur. Eton Coll. Chapel. 1>.D. Oxon. 
Master of Eton, 1485 : Viee-Provost, 1503. Rector, East 
Wrotham, Norfolk, 1494-1503. * Herbarma Svnonvma/ 
Pult. i. 25; HaUer. i. 245; Tanner, Bibl. Brit. Hib.,"394; 
Cooper, Athen. Cantab, i. ; Athen. Ox. i. 78: Ciilknv, Diet. 
Eng. Cath. iii. 390; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvii. 352. Brsiss 
efBgy in Eton CoU. Chapel. 

\, Edward (d. 1851) : d. Florence, 18 March, 1851. 
B.C.L. Oxon ; F.L.S., 1812. Companion of Joseph Woods 
in botanical excursions. Proc. Linn, Soc. ii. 182. 

•, — (fl. 1800). M.D. Algologist. Collected in Japan, 
Corea, &c. Correspondent of Dawson Turner. Fucus Hornerb 
Turn. 

Honefield, John (d. 1854) : d. Prestwioh, Manchester, March. 
1854. Weaver. Thirtv-two years Pi^sident of IVestwich 
Bot. Soc. Raised Narcissus htcolor Horsficldii. Cash, 67. 

Horaefield, WiUiam (1816 ?-1883) : b. Besses-o*-the-Barn, 
Manchester, 16 April, 1816?; d. same place. 17 Jan., 1883, 
Postman. President, Prestwich Bot. Soc, Journ. Bot, 
1883, 192 ; Gard. Chron. 1883, i, 122. 

Horaenell, G^eorge (fl. 1696). ** Chirurgion in London," Corre- 
spondent of Ray, R. Syn. ed. 3, 196, 263. Brought planta 
from Antigua to Plukenet, Pluk. Aim. pp, 155, 240, 

Horsfield, Thomas (1773-1859): b. Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
12 May, 1773 ; d. London, 24 July, 1859, M.D, Pennsylv.. 
1798; F.L.S., 1820; F.R.S., 1828. Keeper of India House 
Museum, 1820. * PI. Javanicao rariores,' 1838, containing 
sketch of his travels (postscript, pp. i-xvi.V Piitz. 151; 
Jacks. 142 ; R. S. C. iii. 441 ; Proc. Linn. Soc, 18(50, xxv ; 
Proc. Roy. Soc. x., p. xix. ; Lasegue, 494 ; Boase ; ])ict, Nat, 
Biog. xxvii, 379. Horsfieldia Willd. = Pyrrhom. Hors- 
fieldia DC. 

Hort, Rev- Fenton John Anthony (1828 ?~92) : b. 1828 ? ; 
d. Cambridge, 80 Nov. 1892 ; bur. Cambridge. B.A. Camb,, 
1850 ; D.D., 1876. ; LL.D. Dub. ; F.B.S. Ed. Correspondent 



BRITISH AND IKISH BOTANISTS. 87 

of Watson, Top. Bot. Contrib. to Phyt. ii -iv. * Rubus 
imbrioatus Hort,' Ann. Nat. Hist. vii. 374. R. S, C, iii. 
444. 

Hoiaok, David (1769-1836): b. New York, 31 Aug., 1769; 
d. New York, 22 Deo., 1836. M.D, Edin. F.R.S., 1817: 
F.L.S,. 1797, Pupil of Smith. Prof. Bot., Columbia 
College, 1795, Established N. York Bot. Card. *Hortus 
Elginensis,' 1811. Loudon, Gard. Mag. xii. 276; Amer. 
Journ. Sci. Arts, xxix. 396 ; Pursh, Flora, xiv. Drake, Diet, 
Amerio, Biog. Hosackia Dougl. 

Houlstoiii J. (fl. 1861). Of Royal Gardens, Kew. ' Genera 
and Species of cult. Ferns * (w. T. Moore), in Moore's Gard, 
Mag, Bot. 1861, w. plate drawn by him, 

Houitoun, William (1696^1733): b. Scotland, 1696; d. 
Jamaica, 14 Aug., 1733, M.D,, Leyden, 1729. F.R.S. 
Correspondent of Miller. Collected in Central America and 
W, Indies. * Reliquite Houstonianae,' 1781, with engravings 
by himself. MSS, and plants in Brit, Mus. Hb, Sloane, 
146, 316, Pult, ii. 231; Rees; Pritz. 161; Jacks. Ill; 
Bot. Biol. Centr, Amer. iv. 118; Sloane MSS., 4064, 119; 
Gent, Mag, 1733, 662; Diet, Nat, Biog, xxvii. 426. Hous- 
tonia L.= HetJyotis. 

Hove, Anthony Pantaleon (tl. 1787-8), M.D, A Pole. 
Collector employed by Banks and Kew. Collected in Persia 
and Crimea, In India in 1787-8. * Tours . . , inGuzerat, 
Kattiawar, and the Conkuns, in 1787-88,* published by 
Alexander Gibson for Bombay Gov,, 1866. Hovea Br, 

How, or Howe, William (1620^66) : b, London, 1620 ; d. Lon- 
don, 30 Aug,, 1656 ; our. St, Margaret's, Westminster. 
Physician, B,A, Oxon, 1641*; M.A,, 1644. Practised in 
I^aurence Lane and then in Milk Street, * Phytologia 
Britannica,* 1650, Lobel's * Illustrationes,* 1666.^ Pintz. 
161 ; Jacks. 561 ; Wood, Athen, Oxon, iii, col. 418 ; Diet, 
Nat. Biog. xxviii, 102, 

Howard, John Eliot (1807-83) : b. Plaistow, Essex, 11 Dec, 
1807 ; d, Tottenham, 22 Nov, 1883 ; bur, Tottenhani Ceme- 
tery, Quinologist, F.L.S., 1857; F,B.S., 1874, *Nueva 
Quinologia,* 1862, « Quinology of E, Indies,* 1869, Pinta. 
151 ; Jacks, 561 ; B. S, C, iii^ 450 : vii. 1023 ; Pioc, Linn, 
Soo, 1883-4, 35 ; Gard, Chix)n. 1883, ii. 701 ; Titans. Essex 
Field Club, iv, 8, with portr, ; Diet, Nat, Biog. xxviii, 48, 
Howm^Ua Wedd, 

Howitt, GkHifirey (1800-73) ; b. Heanor Wood, Derbysh., 10 
Nov,, 1800; d, in Australia, 1873, Brother-in-law of the 
following. Went to Australia, 1839, M.D. Edin. F,B.S. 
Edin,, 1838, * Muscologia Nottinghamensis * (3 parts), 
1833, specimens with letterpress, * Nottinghamshire Flora,* 
1839, Contributed lists of Staffoi^d, Derbv, Carnarvon, and 
Notts, plants to New Bot, Guide (p, 640). Pritz, 151; 
Jacks, 258, Ilowittia F. Muell, 

Howltt, Mary, nee Botham (1797-1888) : b, Coleford, Glou- 
oestei^sh,, 10 March, 1797 ; d, Rome, 30 Jan,, 1888 ; bur. 



88 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

English Cemetery ; m. William Howitt, 1821. ' With the 
Flowers ' (po^ms). Knew British plants well. ' Life ' by 
Margaret Howitt, 1889, w. 2 portrs. ; ' Month,' July, 1888, 
p. 339 ; Boase ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 122. 

Howson, Rev. John (d. before 1868). Head-master of Giggles- 
wick Grammar School, Yorks. B.A. Dublin, 1831. F.L.S. 
Windsor, Flora Cravoniensis, viii., and pref. 

Howson, Rev. William (1817-66) : b. Giggleswick, 2 Sept., 
1817; d. Penrith, 1 March, 1866. Schoolmaster. * Illus- 
trated Guide to . . . Craven, with a local Flora,' 1850. 

Hoy, James (fl. 1793). Of Gordon Castle. A.L.S., 1788; 
F.L.S., 1793. Eng. Bot. 146, 289. K. S. C. iii. 452. 

Hoy, Thomas (fl. 1790-1809). F.L.S., 1788. Gardener at 
Syon. Member of first Council K. Hort. Soc. '' An intelligent 
and successful cultivator," Brown in Mem. Wern. Soc. i. 26. 
Hoya Br. 

Hudson, William (1730-93): b. White Lion Inn, Kendal, 
1730; d. Jermyn St., London, 23 May, 1793; bur. St. 
James', Piccadilly. Apothecary. F.K.S., 1761 ; F.L.S., 
1791. Prsefectus horti Chelseiani, 1765-71. * Flora An- 
ghca,' 1762 ; ed. 2, 1778. Pult. ii. 351 ; Eees ; Pritz. 152 ; 
Jacks. 233 ; Semple, 88 ; Nicholson, ' Annals of Kendal,' 
345 ; Davies, Welsh. Bot. iv. ; Fl. Midd. 392 ; Gent. Mag. 
1793, i. 485 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 155. Hudsonia Li, 

Hughes, Rev. Griffith (fl. 1707-50) : b. Towyn, Merioneth, 
1707? M.A. Oxon? 1748. F.B.S. Eector of St. Lucy's, 
Barbados. * Nat. Histi of Barbados,' 1750. Pritz. 152 ; 
Jacks. 369 ; Alumni Oxon. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 175. 

Hughes, William (fl. 1665-83). Lived in Jamaica. * The Com- 
pleat Vineyard,' 1670 ; * The American Physitian ; or a treatise 
of the roots, plants, ... in the English plantations,' 1672 ; 
* The Flower-garden,' 1672; 3rd ed., 1683. Pritz. 152; Jacks. 
360 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 190. 

Hull, John (1761-1843) : b. Poulton, Lancashire, 1761 ; d. Lon- 
don, 17 March, 1843 (not 1839, as stated in Proc. Linn. Soc. 
i. 34). Of Manchester. M.D. Leyden, 1792 ; F.L.S., 1810 ; 
L.E.C.P., 1819. * British Flora,' 1799. * Elements of Bot., 
1800. Pritz. 152 ; Jacks. 561 ; Munk, iii. 195 ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. i. 34 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 195. 

Hulme, J. R. (fl. 1842). M.D. Practised at Scarborough. 
*The Scarborough AlgsB,' 1842, illustrated by specimens. 
Jacks. 504. 

Hume, Lady Amelia, nee Eqebton (1751-1809) : b. 25 Nov., 
1751 ; d. London, 8 Aug., 1809 ; bur. Wormley, Herts. ; m. 
Sir Abraham Hume, 1771. Pupil of Sir J. E. Smith. Eees 
sub V. * Humea ' ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 209. Portr. by 
Beynolds ; another by Cosway, engr. Valentine Green, 1783. 
Humea Koxb. = Brownlowia Boxb. Humea Sm. = Calomeria 
Vent. 

Humfrey, or Humphrey, William (fl. 1771). Of Norwich. 
Friend of Smith. Discovered Battarea jphalloides. Contri- 
buted to Eng. Bot. (182, 805, 956). Linn. Trans, vii. 297. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 89 

Humphreys, Henry If oel (1810-79) : b. Birmingham, 4 Jan., 
1810 ; d. London, 10 June, 1879. Artist. * Gallery of Exotic 
Flowers', 1855. Drew for * Floral Cabinet,' and Moore's Mag. 
Bot. Jacks. 117 ; * Garden,' xviii. 1880, p. xii, with portr. ; 

* AthensBum,' 1879, 800 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 249. 
Hungerford, — . (fl. 1757). M.D. Collected at Montpellier, 

Hb. Sloane, 35. 
Hunneman, John (d. 1839) : d. London, March, 1839. A.L.S. 

1831. Ass. Bot. Soc. Edin. Sweet, Brit. Fl. Garden, iii. 

276 ; 3rd. Keport, Bot. Soc. Edin. 14, 52 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 

i. 36 ; Bot. Mag., 3061. Hunnemannia Sweet. 
Hunt, George Edward (1841 ?-73) : b. 1841 ? ; d. Bowdon, 

Cheshire, 26 April, 1873 ; bur. St. Saviour's, Manchester. 

Muscologist. Mosses at Kew. Papers in Mem. Lit. Phil. 

Soc. Manchester. Journ. Bot. 1873, 191 ; K. S. C. vii. 1037. 
Hunt, Thomas Carew (fl. 1845-70). H. B. M. Consul for the 

Azores, 1844-48, Journ. Geogr. Soc. 1845. Plants distri- 
buted through Bot. Soc, London. Journ. Bot. 1847. 381 ; 

Godman, ' Nat. Hist, of Azores,' 1870, 117. Ammi Huntii 

Wats. 
Hunter^ Edward (fl. 1812). Steward at Caen Wood, Hamp- 

stead. A.L.S., 1790. Contributed list of plants to Park's 

* Topography of Hampstead.' 

Hunter, John (1728-93) : b. Kilbride, Lanark, 14 July, 1728 ; 
d. St. George's Hospital, 16 Oct., 1793 ; bur. St. Martin's-in- 
the-fields. Comparative Anatomist. F.K.S., 1767. 'Memo- 
randa on Vegetation,' 1860. Founded Hunterian Museum. 
Pritz. 153 ; Jacks. 70 ; Life by Sir Everard Home ; Chalmers ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 287. Engr. by Sharp, from portr. by 
Eeynolds at Koy. Coll. Surgeons. Wedgwood medallion. 

Hunter, William (1755-1812): b. Montrose, 1755; d. Java, 
Dec, 1812. M.A. Aberd., 1777; M.D., 1808. Of Bengal 
Medical Establishment, 1781. ** An eminent botanist," Koxb. 
Fl. Ind. ii. 565. * Asiatick Eesearches,' iv.-ix. 1795-1807. 

* Nauclea Gambir,' Linn. Trans, ix. 218. MS. Flora, Prince 
of Wales' Island, Penang, in Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. Plants 
at Glasgow. R. S. C. iii. 476 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 305. 
Hunteria Roxb. 

Huntingdon, Henry of (1084?-1155). Prior of Huntingdon. 
Chronicler. * De Herbis . . . ,' MS., Bibl. Bodl. 6353. Pult. 
i. 21-2; Haller, Addenda, i. 216; Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-Hib. 
395 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxvi. 118. 

Hurst, Henry Alexander (1825 ?-82) : b. 1825 ? ; d. Liver- 
pool, 1882. Merchant. Of Knutsford, Sale, and Liverpool. 
Studied Silene and Leguminosce. Collected with Letourneaux 
in Egypt, especially near Ramleh. Papers in Mem. Lit. Phil. 
Soc, Manchester. Herbarium in possession of Charles 
Bailey, Esq. Proc. Lit. Phil. Soc, Manchester, xviii. 183 ; 
E. S. C. vii. 1041. 

Huson-More, James (1843?— 82-3): d. 1882-3. M.A. Travel- 
ler. Explored botany of Loango coast. Proc. K. Geogr. Soc. 
V. 388 (n.s.). 



90 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Hussey, Mrs. T. J. (fl. 1847-55). 'Illustrations of British 
Mycology/ 1847-55. Pritz. 153 ; Jacks. 244. Husseia 
Berkel. 

Hutcbins, Miss (d. circ. 1816). Algologist and muscologist. 
Of Bantry. Contributed largely to Eng. Bot. (1915, 2480, 
2523, 2652, &c.), and to Dawson Turner's ' Fuci ' and 
* Lichenographia.' Turner, * Fuci," iii. 4; iv. 152. Harvey, 
Phyc. Brit. t. 124. Hutchinsia Aga,rdh = Polysiphonia Grev. 
Hutchinsia Br. 

Hutton, — (d. before 1835) : d. Keswick, before 1835. Of Kes- 
wick. Guide to the Lakes. Gave much erroneous informa- 
tion as to Lake plants. Bot. Guide, 143 ; New B. G. 310 ; 
Baker, Fl. Lake District, 10. 

Hutton, William (1797-1860) : b. Sunderland, 21 March, 1797 ; 
d. West Hartlepool, 21 Nov., 1860. F.G.S. Geologist. 
'Fossil Flora of Great Britain' (with Lindley), 1831-7. 
Fossil pi. in Newcastle Museum. Catalogue in Trans. 
Nhumb. and Durh. x. 19. Jacks. 562 ; Gent. Mag. 1861, i. 
Ill ; Johnston Corr. 46 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 363. Portr, 
by Carrick at Mining Institute, Newcastle. Huttonia Sternb. 

Hyde, Rev. Thomas (1636-1703) : b. Billingsley, Yorks., 16 
May, 1636; d. Oxford, 18 Feb., 1703; bur. Handborough, 
Oxon. Orientalist. D.D., 1682. Canon of Christchurch, 
1697. Keeper of the Bodleian, 1665-1701. * Epistola de 
mensuris sinensium necnon de Herbse Cha,' 1688. Pritz. 
153 ; Jacks. 198 ; Athen. Ox. v. 522 ; Fasti, ii. 222 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxviii. 401. 

Hyndman, George Crawford (1796-1867) : b. Belfast, 14 
Oct., 1796; d. Belfast, 18 Nov., 1867. Collected in N. of 
Ireland. Contrib. to Flora of Ulster. Herbarium in posses- 
sion of his nephew, Hugh Hyndman, LL.D. * Fl. North- 
east Ireland,' p. xv. 

Ibbetson^ Agnes^ nee Thomson (1757-1823) : b. London, 
1757; d. Exmouth, Feb., 1823. Papers in Nicholson's 
Journal, and Phil. Mag. 1809-22. Kees ; Pritz. 155 ; K. 
S. C. iii. 487 ; Bot. Mag. 1259 ; Watt, 532, f ; Gent. Mag. 
1823, i. 474 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 409. Ibbetsonia Sims 
= Cyclopia Vent. 

Ibbotson, Henry (1816 ?-86) : b. 1816 ? ; d. York, 12 Feb., 
1886. Schoolmaster. Sold dried plants. * Cat. Flowering 
Plants,' 1848. 'Ferns of York.' &c. Plants of Castle 
Howard in Phyt. i. 577, 581. Contributed to Baines' and 
Baker's ' North Yorkshire.' Pritz. 155 ; Jacks. 231 ; * Nat. 
Hist. Journ. and School Eeporter,' 15 March, 1886; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxviii. 410. 

Ick, William (1800-44) : b. Newport, Salop, 1800 ; d. Birming- 
ham, 28 Sept., 1844. Birmingham plants in 'Analyst,' 1837. 
Curator Birm. Phil. Institute. Fl. Warwicksh., 499. 

Imray, Hon. John (1831-80) : b. Scotland, 11 Jan., 1831 ; d. 
St. Aroment, Dominica, W. Indies, 22 Aug., 1880; M.D. 
Practised in Dominica and investigated Flora, 1837-1880, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 91 

Plants at Kew. Gard. Chron. 1880, ii. 361 ; Journ. Bot. 

1880, 320 ; Lancet, 1880, ii. 559. Vaccinium Imrayi Hook. 
Ingen-Housz, John (1730-1799) : b. Breda, 1730 ; d. Bowood, 

7 Sept., 1799. M.D. Vienna; F.K.S., 1779. Came to 

England, 1764-5. * Experiments upon Vegetables,* 1779, w. 

portrait. *The Food of Plants,' 1796. Pritz. 156; Eees; 

Jacks. 67, 105 ; Watt, Bibl. Brit. 534 ; Gent. Mag. 1799, 

ii. 900 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxviii. 433. Ingenhouzia Bertero 

= Balbisia DC. Ingenhoussia Dennstadt = Cissus L. 

Ingenhoussia E. Meyer = Amphithalea Eckl. & Zeyh. 

Ingenhouzia M09. & Sess. 
Inglis, Andrew (1837-75) : b. Edinburgh, 1837 ; d. Aberdeen?, 

13 March, 1875. M.D. Edin., 1859 ; F.B.S. Edin., 1866. 

Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. 410. 
Inglis^ R. (fl. 1839). Of Canton. Collected in Kunawur. Eoyle, 

' Illustrations,' viii. Potentilla Inglisii Eoyle. 
Ironside, Lieut.-Colonel (fl. 1740-99). * Of the Sun-Plant,* 

Phil. Trans. 1740. * Account of a Banian Tree,' Phil. Mag. 

iv. 1799, 360. R. S. C. iii. 499 ; Watt, 535, x. 
Irvine, Alexander (1793-1873) : b. Daviot, Aberdeenshire, 

1793 ; d. Chelsea, 13 May, 1873 ; bur. Brompton Cemetery. 

Aberdeen Univ., 1824. Lived at Albury, Guildford, and 

(from 1851) Chelsea. Priest of Irvingites, White Notley, 

Essex. * London Flora,' 1838. Edited * Phytologist,* n. s, 

1855-63, and 'Botanist's Chronicle,' 1863-65. Pritz. 

158 ; Jacks. 563 ; Journ. Bot. 1873, 222 ; E. S. C. iii. 498 ; 

Gard. Chron. 1873, 1017 ; Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. 1839 ; Diet. 

Nat. Biog. xxix. 48. 
Irving^ Edward George (1816-55): b. Hoddam, Dumfriesh., 

1 April, 1816 ; d. Abbeokuta, Lagos, W. Africa, 1855. M.D. 

Edin. Entered navy, 1840. Surgeon, E.N. * Notes on the 

cultivation of Cotton in . . . Western Africa,' Journ. Bot. 

1855, 297. Plants at Kew. Linn. Trans, xxiii. 167; 

Journ. E. Geogr. Soc. xxvi., p. clxxvii. Irvingia Hook. f. 

Jack, William (1795-1822) : b. Aberdeen, 29 Jan., 1795 ; d. at 
sea, on way from Sumatra to Cape, 15 Sept., 1822. M.A. 
Aberdeen. In Bengal Medical Service : afterwards with 
Eaffles in Sumatra. Fl. Indica, i. 48. Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 
122. PI. presented to Lambert. Writings reprinted in Calc. 
Journ. Nat. Hist. iv. Pritz. 153 ; Jacks. 392 ; E. S. C. iii. 
506; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxix. 86. Jackia Bl. = Xantho- 
phyllum. Jackia Wall. 

Jackson, George (1790 ?-1811) : b. Aberdeen, 1790 ? ; d. Lon- 
don, 12 Jan., 1811 ; bur. St. George's burying-ground, Mary- 
lebone. F.L.S., 1808. Edited Andrews* Bot. Eepository, 
1807-11. Had charge of Lambert's herbarium. * Ormosia * 
(with plates by Jackson), Trans. Linn. Soc. x. 358. Con- 
tributed to Eng. Bot. 1251, 2459. Eees (under Jacksonia) ; 
E. S. C. iii. 509 ; Journ. Bot. 1886, 137. Jacksonia Eafin. 
= Polanisia. Jacksonia Br. 

Jackson, Miss M. A. (fl. 1834-42). Of Lichfield. Botanical 



92 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

artist. * Pictorial Flora,' 1840, illustrated by lithos, from 
spp. coll. in Wales, Midland and Northern counties, 1834- 
38. 'Botanical Terms illustrated,' 1842. Jacks. 563; R. 
S. C. iii. 510. 

Jackson, Mrs. Maria Elizabeth (fl. 1797-1827). Of Somersal 
Hall, Uttoxeter, Stafford. * Botanical Dialogues,' 1797. 
' Botanical Lectures,' 1804. * Sketches of the Physiology 
of Vegetable Life,' 1811. * Florist's Manual,' 1827. Jacks. 
563. 

Jackson, Rev. Richard (1700-82 ?) : b. 1700 ; d. 1782 ? ; bur. 
Kingsbury, Warwick. B.A. Camb., 1727; M.A., 1731; 
M.A. Oxon, 1739. Founder of Jacksonian professorship. 
Bab. Fl. Cambr. vi. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxix. 104. 

Jackson, William (d. 1848) : d. Dundee, 12 Mar., 1848. Ass. 
Bot. Soc. Edin., 1840. Treas. Dundee Nats. Assoc. *Mimulus 
lutetis; Phyt. ii. 421. Phyt. iii. 109. 

Jacob, Edward (1710 ?-1788) : b. Canterbury, 1710?; d. 
Faversham, Kent, 26 Nov., 1788. F.S.A., 1755. Surgeon. 
* Plantae Favershamienses . . .' 1777. Pult. ii. 272 ; Pritz. 
153 ; Gent. Mag. 1788, ii. 1127 ; Nich. Anecd. vii. 194, 601 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxix. 114. 

Jacob, Rev. John (fl. 1835-37). LL.D. Master of Devon- 
port Grammar School. Minister, St. Aubyn Chapel, Devon- 
port. 'West Devon and Cornwall Flora,' 1835-37. Fl. 
Plym. XXX. 

James, John (fl. 1680). Surgeon. Made a book of drawings 
of plants, '* whilst he was in Barbary, being a slave there 
near twenty years," Petiver, Gazophyl. 57, 66. 

Jameson, James Sligo (1856-88) : b. Alloa, 17 Aug., 1856; d. 
Bangala, Congo State, 17 Aug., 1888. African traveller. 
Naturalist and botanist to Emin Belief Expedition. Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxix. 132. 

Jameson, William (1796-1873) : b. Edinburgh, 3 Oct., 1796 ; 
d. Quito, 23 June, 1873. M.D. Edin., 1818. Went to Green- 
land, 1818, to S. America in 1820, and lived at Quito from 
1826. Prof. Chem. & Bot., Quito, 1827. ' Synopsis PI 
JEquatoriensium,' Mem. Wern. Soc. iii. 418. Pritz. 155 
Jacks. 375 ; E. S. C. iii. 532 ; viii. 12 ; Journ. Bot. 1873 
318 ; Gard. Chron. 1872, 1622 ; 1873, 1151 ; Trans. Bot. Soc 
Edin. xii. 19 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1882-3, 42; Diet. Nat. Biog 
xxix. 236. Jamesonia Hook. & Grev. 

Jameson, WilUam (1815-82) : b. Leith, Midlothian, 1815 
d. Deyrah Doon, N. W. P., 18 Mar., 1882. M.D. Edin. 
F.L.S., 1864. Bengal Medical Service, 1838. Superinten 
dent, Saharunpore Bot. Gard., 1842-75. Pritz. 155; Fl 
Indica, 73 ; E. S. C. iii. 533 ; viii. 12 ; Proc. Bot. Soc. Edin 
1882, with bibUog. ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1882-3, p. xUi ; Diet 
Nat. Biog. xxix. 236. 

Janson, Joseph (1789-1846) : b. Tottenham, Middx., 12 July, 
1789; d. Stoke Newington, 30 April, 1846. F.L.S., 1831. 
Discovered Spiranthes cBstivalis in England. Proc. Linn. 
Soc. i. 80, 301. Jansonia Kippist. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 93 

Janson, Thomas Corbyn (1809-63) : b. 1 July, 1809 ; d. 

Stamford Hill, London, 23 June, 1863. F.L.S.,1843. Friend 
of Joseph Woods and E. Forster. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1864, 

xxix. 
Je»ey,'john (fl. 1850-52): b. Lochore?, Fife; d. California?. 

Scotch gardener. In Edin. Bot. Garden ; to Oregon in 

1850 for Edin. Oregon Bot. Assoc. Collected plants and 

seeds in California and Oregon. Murray, * Pinetum,' pt. v. 

Pinus Jeffreyi Murr. 
Jelly, — (d. before 1849). Wrote a 'Flora Bathonica ' (unpub- 
lished). Phyt. iii. 581. 
Jenkins, P- (fl. 1833) ; d. before 1884. Major-Genl. H.E.I.C.S. 

Commissioner of Assam. Investigated bot. of Assam. Calc. 

Journ. Nat. Hist. iv. 233. " Sent large collections of Assam 

plants to Nat. Hist. Soc, Cornwall," Hook. Gen. Fil. t. Ixxv. 

Kept. Penzance Nat. Hist. Soc. 1884-5, 17. Jenkinsia Hook. 

= Acrostichum, Jenkinsia Grifif. = Miqtoelia. 
Jenkinson^ James (fl. 1775). Of Yealand, Lanes. ' Generic 

and specific descrip. of Brit, pi.,' 1775. Pritz. 155 ; Jacks. 232. 
Jenner, Edward (1803-1872) : b. 13 Mar., 1803 ; d. Lewes, 13 

Mar., 1872. A.L.S., 1838. Studied microscopic Algae. 

*F1. of Tunbridge Wells,' 1845. Eng. Bot. 2925. Drew 

figures in Balfs' Desmids. Pritz. 156 ; Jacks. 261 ; Proc. 

Linn. Soc. 1871-2, p. Ixix; Gard. Chron. 1872, 398; Diet. 

Nat. Biog. xxix. 324. 
Jerdon, Archibald (1819-74) : b. Bonjedward, Eoxburghsh., 

21 Sept., 1819 ; d. Jedburgh, 28 Jan., 1874. Cryptogamist. 

Contrib. to Phyt. ii., &c. Proc. Berwicksh. Field Club, vii. 

338, with bibliography. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. 201. 

K. S. C. iii. 547 ; viii. 25. Lophiostoma Jerdoni B. & Br. 
Jerdon^ Thomas Caverhill (1811-72) : b. Biddick House, co. 

Durham, 12 Oct., 1811 ; d. Upper Norwood, London, 12 June, 

1872. F.L.S., 1864. Zoologist. Surgeon-Major in Madras 

Medical Service. Elder brother of preceding. Sent plants 

to Wight (Icones. t. 1351). Proc. Linn. Soc. 1872-3, xxxii ; 

Hist. Berw. Nat. Club, vii. 143 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxix. 338. 

Jerdonia Wight. 
Joad, George Curling (d. 1881) : d. Wimbledon Park, Surrey, 

24 Oct., 1881. F.L.S., 1871. Herb, at Marlborough College. 

Proc. Linn. Soc. 1881-2, Ixiv. ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 605. 
Johns^ Rev. Charles Alexander (1811-74) : b. Plymouth, 31 

Dec, 1811 ; d. Winchester, 28 June, 1874. F.L.S., 1836 ; 

B.A. Dublin, 1841. 'Flora Sacra,' 1840. * Botanical 

Eambles,' 1847-52. * Flowers of the Field,' 1853 ; ed. 21, 

1885. Discovered Trifolium strictum. First President 

Hants Lit. and Philosophical Soc. Eng. Bot. 2792, 2949- 

50 ; Pritz. 156 ; Jacks. 564 : E. S. C. iii. 555 ; Journ. Bot. 

1874, 256 ; Proc. Linn. Joe. 1874-5, Iii. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

XXX. 3. 
Johns, Rev. William (1771-1845) : b. Kilmanllwyd, Pembroke, 

1771 ; d. Higher Broughton, near Manchester, 27 Nov., 1845. 

Of Manchester. Friend of John Dalton. * Practical Bot- 



94 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

any,' 1826. Pritz. 157 ; Jacks. 37 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 4. 
Johnson, Charles (1791-1880): b. London, 5 Oct., 1791; d. 
Camberwell, Surrey, 21 Sept., 1880. Lecturer, Guy's Hosp., 
1830-73. Edited * Eng. Bot.' ed. 2, 1832-46. * Eems of 
Great Britain,' 1855. * British Poisonous Plants,' 1856. 

* Grasses of Great Britain,' 1861. Pritz. 157 (incorrect) ; 
Jacks. 564 ; Journ. Bot. 1880, 351 ; * AthensBum,' 1880, ii. 
469 ; Nature, xxii. 517 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 7. 

Johnson, George William (1802-86) ; b. Blackheath, Kent, 5 
. Nov., 1802 ; d. Croydon, 29 Oct., 1886; b. St. Peter's burial- 
ground, Croydon. F.L.S., 1830. Founder and editor of 

* Cottage Gardener,' 1849, and * Journal of Horticulture,' 
1860. Contributed to Loudon's Gard. Mag. from 1826. 

* History of Gardening,' 1829. * Dictionary of Gardening,' 
1846. Pritz. ed. i. 132 ; Jack. 564 ; Journ. Hort. Ixvi (1881), 
p. 11, with portr., reprinted in Ixxv, 401 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 
xxx. 12. 

Johnson^ Thomas (d. 1644) : b. Selby, Yorkshire ; d. Basing 
House, Hants, Sept., 1644. Apothecary. M.D. Oxford, 
1643. Lieut. -Col. Lived in Lincolnshire, Ger. em. 74, and 
had physic garden on Snow Hill in 1633. * Iter . . . Can- 
tianum,' 1629. *Enumeratio pi. in ericet. Hamsted.,' 1632. 
Gerard's Herball enlarged and amended, 1683. * Mercurius 
Botanicus,' 1634 and 1641. * Opuscula,' reprint, 1847. Pult. 
i. 126-34 ; Eees ; Pritz. 157 ; Jacks. 564 ; Fl. Midd. 369 ; 
Cott. Gard. vi. 313 ; Wood, Fasti i. 39 ; Athen. Ox. iv. 67 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 47. Johnsonia Miller = Callicarpa L. 
Johnsonia E. Br. Johnsona Adans. = Gedrela. 

Johnson^ George (1797-1855) : b. Simprin, Berwicksh., 27 
July, 1797 ; d. Berwick, 30 July, 1855. M.D. Edin., 1819 ; 
LL.D. Aberdeen. Practised in Berwick from 1819. Mayor 
of Berwick. Orig Memb. Berwicksh. Field Club. * Fl. of 
Berwick,' 1829-31, illustr. by his wife. ' Bot. Eastern 
Borders,' 1853. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 2776, 2866. Pritz. 
157 ; Jacks. 564 ; * Correspondence,' w. portr. 1892 ; Proc. 
Berwicksh. Field Club, iii. 202; E. S. C. iii. 563; viii. 30; 
Gard. Chron. 1855, 597 ; Gent. Mag. 1855, ii. 323 ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxx. 61. 

Johnstone^ William Grosart (d. c. 1860) : d. London, eirc. 
1860. 'Nature-printed Sea-weeds' (with CroaU), 1859-60. 
Pritz. 157 ; Jacks. 242. 

Jones^ A. M. (1826 ?-89) : d. Clifton, Somerset, Feb. or March, 
1889. Colonel. Grew and studied varieties of British Ferns, 

* Hybrid Ferns' (with E. J. Lowe), Ann. Bot. iii. 27 (1889). 
Gard. Chron. 1889, i. 310. 

Jones, Rev- Hug^h (fl. 1699). Sent ** several volumes of plants " 
from Maryland to Petiver, Mus. Pet. 44. Hb. Sloane, 74, 158. 

Jones, Jezreel (d. 1731) : d. London, 21 May, 1731. Traveller. 
Clerk to Eoyal Soc, 1698. Sent plants from Portugal to 
Petiver, Mus. Pet. 45. Hb. Sloane, 16, 80. Letters in 
Sloane Addit. MS. 4049. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 122. 

Jones, Rev- John Pike (1790-1857): b. Chudleigh, Devon, 



BBinSH AND IRISH BOTAXISTS. 95 

1790 ; d. Cheadle, Staff., 4 Feb., 1857. B.A. Camb., 1813. 
' Bot. tour throngh . . . Devon and Cornwall,* 1820. * Fl. 
Devoniensis ' (with J. F. Kingston), 1829. Pritz. 157 ; Jacks. 
250 ; Fl. PIvm. xxix. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 141. 

Jones, Theobald (1790-1868) : b. Dublin, 1790 ; d. Dublin. 12 
Feb., 1868. Admiral. M.P. for Londonderry. F.L.S., 1842. 
Lichenologist. Papers on Irish Lichens in Proc. Dublin 
Nat. Hist. Soc. Herbarium at Trin Coll., Dublin. Jacks. 
351 ; R. S. C. viii. 36 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1867-8, cv. 

Jones, Sir William (1746-94) : b. London, 28 Sept., 1746 ; 
d. Calcutta, 27 April, 1794 ; bur. Calcutta. F.R.S., 1772 ; 
M.A. Oxon, 1773. Linguist. Judge of Supreme Court, 
Calcutta, and knighted, 1793. ' Works,' in 6 vols.. Botany 
in vol. ii., 1799. Life and Works, 1807. Autobiog., 1846. 
Pritz. 157; R. S. C. iii. 576; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 174. 
Monuments in St. Paul's, in Calcutta, and one by Flaxman 
at Univ. Coll., Oxon. Jones ia Roxb. 

Jorden, George (fl. 1842-63). Of Bewdley. Discriminated 
Epilohiummacrocarpum, Ann. & Mag. viii. (1842), 246. (Con- 
tributed to Phyt. i.-vi., n.s. R. S. C. iii. 580. 

Josseljrn, John (fl. 1633-74) : b. Willingate Doe, Essex ? In 
Massachusetts, 1633-74. ' New England's Rarities,' 1672. 
• Two Voyages to New England,* 1674. Pritz. i. 133 ; Jacks. 
354 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 208. 

Jowett, Thomas (fl. 1823-6). Of Nottingham, Published 
account of Nottingham plants in ' Nottingham Journal ' 
(signed II Rosario). Sent list of them to R. Brown. Let- 
ters in Bot. Dept. Mus. Brit. Bot. Misc. i, 82. 

Just, John (1797?-1852): b. Natland, Kendal, Westmoreland^ 
3 Dec, 1797 ; d. Bury, 14 Oct., 1852 ; bur. Bury. Assistant- 
master, Kirkby Lonsdale (1817) and Bury (1832) Grammar- 
schools. Lect. Bot., Manchester School of Medicine, 1833-52. 
Prof. Bot., Manchester Institution, 1848. Foimd Ci/pripe- 
dium at Amcliffe, Yorkshire, 1835. Phyt. i. 396 ; Cash, 136 ; 
Mem. Lit. Phil. Soc, Manchester, 2nd ser., xi. 91 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xxx. 230- 

Justice, James (fl. 1754). Of Edinbui^h. * British Gardener's 
Director,' Edinb., 1754. F.R.S. ? Pritz. i. 136. Justicia L. 



(, I>ady (Katherine), nee Bailey (1811-86) : b. 11 March, 

1811 ; d. Dublin, 15 Feb., 1886. m. Sir Robert John Kane, 

1838. * Irish Flora,' (anon.) 1833. Cyb, Hib, p. vii. Diet. 

Nat. Biog. xxx. 239. 
Keddie, William (fl. 1844). Sec. Bot. Soc. Glasgow. *Bot. of 

Bass Rock.' 1844. Ph>i;. ii. 242, 
Keill, James (1673-1719) : b. Scotland, 27 Mar., 1673 ; d. 

Northampton, 16 July, 1719 ; bur. St. Giles's, Northampton. 

M.D. Cambridge. Surgeon. Sent plants to Petiver, Mus. 

Pet. no. 219. Plants from Cyprus,, Rhodes, &c., in Hb. 

Sloane, 11. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 309. 
Keir^ Walter (fl. 1699). Surgeon. Sent plants from Malacca 

and China to Petiver, Mus. Pet. 45, 80. 



96 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Keifh^ Rev. George Skene (1752-1823) : b. Mar, near Aber- 
deen, 6 Nov., 1752 ; d. Tulliallan, Perthsh., 7 March, 1823 ; 
bur. Keith-Hall, Aberdeen. M.A. Aberdeen, 1770. ' Obser- 
vations on Brit. Grasses ' in * Gen. View of Agriculture of 
Aberdeenshire,' 1811. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 322. 

Keith, Rev. Patrick (1769-1840) : b. Scotland, 1769 ; d. Stalis- 
field, Kent, 25 Jan., 1840. M.A. Glasgow; F.L.S., 1805. 
Vicar of St9.1isfield. ' System of Physiol. Bot.,' 1816. ' Bot. 
Lexicon,' 1837. Pritz. 162; Jacks. 565; E. S. C. iii. 628; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 70. Keithia Benth. 

Kelaart, Edward Frederick (1818 ?-43) : b. Ceylon, 1818 ? ; 
d. at sea, 31 Aug., 1860. M.D., 1841 ; F.L.S. To Gibraltar, 
1841. * Flora Calpensis,' 1846. Pritz. 162; Jacks. 340; 
E. S. C. iii. 630; Proc. Linn. Soc 1860-61, xli. 

Kendrick, James (1771-1847) ; b. Warrington, 14 Jan., 1771 ; 
d. Warrington, 30 Nov., 1847. F.L.S., 1802. Pres., War- 
rington Nat. Hist. Soc. Contributed notes to Crosfield's 

* Calendar of Flora.' Practised in Warrington from 1793. 
Memoir, with Silhouette portr., in his * Profiles of Warring- 
ton Worthies,' ed. 2, 1854. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxx. 410. 
Bhododeiulron Kendrickii Nutt. 

Kennedy^ Lewis (fl. 1775-1818). Nurseryman, of the Vineyard, 
Hammersmith. Father-in-law of H. C. Andrews. Wrote 
much of *Bot. Eepository,' 1799-1804. Author of Page's 

* Prodromus ' ? (c/. Johns. Diet. Gardening, 301). Eees, Add. 
stcb Kennedia. Loud. Arboretum, i. 78; Ventenat, Jard. 
Malm., tab. 104, 1804. Kennedia Vent. 

Kennion, Edward (1744-1809) : b. Liverpool, 15 Jan., 1744, 

0.8. ; d. London, 14 April, 1809. Artist. F.S.A. 'Essay 

on Trees in Landscape,' 1815. Pritz. 162 ; Memoir prefaced 

to Essay on Trees ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 12. 
Kent, Miss (fl. 1823-30). * Flora Domestica,' 1823. 'Sylvan 

Sketches,' 1825. * Considerations on Bot.,' Mag. Nat. Hist. 

1828, 30. Pritz. 162 ; Jacks. 214 ; E. S. C. iii. 638. 
Kent, William (d. before 1828). Gardener. F.L.S., 1813. 

Accompanied Eeinwardt in Indian Archipelago. Blume, Fl. 

Jav. i. 71 ; Eumphia, ii. 94. Kentia Bl., Fl. Jav. = Melo- 

dorum, Kentia Bl., Eumphia. 
Kentish, Richard (fl. 1782-91). M.D. Edin. 'Experiments 

and observations on . . . Bark,' 1784. Dryander, iii. 472. 

President, Society of Naturalists, Edin., 1782. 
Kenyon, William (d. before 1868). Nailmaker. Of Settle. 

Windsor, * Fl. Cravoniensis,' dedication. 
Keogh, Rev. John (1681 ?-1754) : b. 1681 ? ; d. 1754. D.D. 

Chaplain to Lord Kingston. Incumbent of Mitchelstown, 

CO. Cork. * Botanologia Hibernica,' 1735. Pult. ii. 201 ; 

Pritz. 162 ; Jacks. 247 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 33. 
Ker, Charles Henry Bellenden (1785 ?-1871) : b. 1785 ; d. 

Cannes, 2 Nov., 1871. Son of the following. F.E.S. Grew 

orchids. Contributed to Gard. Chron. under pseudonym 

* Dodman.' * Icones plantarum Chin^ nascentium,' 1821 
(Uthographs signed * H. B. K.' and ' C. H. B. K.'). Pritz. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 97 

no. 10779; Gard. Chron. 1871, 1589; Journ. Bot. 1872, 
32 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 47. 

', John Bellenden {olim Gawler) (1765-1842 ?) : b. Eam- 
ridge, Andover, Hants ? 1765 ? ; d. Eamridge, June, 1842. 
* Eecensio Plantarum ' (anon.), 1801 ; see Ann. Bot. i. 17. 
Edited ' Bot. Eegister,* 1815-24. * Strelitzia,' 1818. ' Irid- 
earum genera,' 1828. Contrib. to Bot. Mag. (see pref. to 
vol. XV.) .Trans. Linn. Soc. x. 166. Pritz. 162 ; Jacks. 565 ; 
E. S. C. iii. 639 ; iv. 279 (the papers attributed to Masson) ; 
Gent. Mag. 1842, ii. 220 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 52. Portr. 
(as a boy) by Eeynolds, engr. by J. E. Smith. Bellendena Br. 
', William (d. 1814) : d. Ceylon, 1814. Kew gardener and 
colleetor. Canton, 1803 ; Java and Philippines. Superin- 
tendent, Ceylon Bot. Gard., 1812. MS. Journal of mission 
to Luzon, 1805, in Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. Gard. Chron. 
1881, ii. 570 ; Trans. Linn. Soe. xii. 154 ; Lambert, Pinus, 
ed. 2, ii. 111. Kerria DC. 

Kett, Mrs, Hannah (fl. 1799). Of Seething, Norfolk. Contrib. 
to Eng. Bot. 69, 318, 514, 691, &e. 
[see Caius]. 

Keys^ Isaiah Waterloo Nicholson (1818-90) : b. Devonport, 
12 March, 1818; d. Plymouth, 4 Nov., 1890 ; bur. Plymouth 
Cemetery. Bookseller and printer. * Flora of Devon and 
Cornwall ' in Trans. Dev. Cornw. Nat. Hist. Soc., 1866-71. 
Contrib. to Phyt. iii. PL in Herb. Plymouth Institution. 
Pritz. 163 ; Jacks. 151 ; R. S. C. iii. 646 ; viii. 71 ; Fl. Ply- 
mouth XXX., xxxiii. ; Journ. Bot. 1890, 382. 

Kinahan, John Robert (1828-63) : b. 1828 ; d. Dublin, 2 
Feb., 1863. M.D. Dublin. F.L.S., 1858. Geologist. Prof. 
Zoology, School of Mines, Dublin. Hon. Sec. Dublin N. H. 
Soc. 'Dublin Ferns,* Phyt. v. 196; 'Abnormal Ferns/ 
Proc. Dubl. Nat. Hist. Soc. i. 53, &c. Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1862, xUi. ; K. S. C. iii. 651, viii. 

King^, Philip Parker (1793-1856) : b. Norfolk Island, 13 Dec, 
1793 ; d. Grantham, Sydney, 25 Feb., 1856. Captain, E.N. 
Eear-admiral, 1855. F.L.S., 1824; F.E.S.,1824. 'Narrative 
of the Survey of Australia,* 1818-22 (with Allan Cunning- 
ham), 1827. * Narrative of the voyages of H.M.S. 'Adven- 
ture' and 'Beagle,' 1826-36.' ' Icones Plantarum,' 1082. 
Plants.at Brit. Mus., Kew, and Edinburgh. Pritz. 164 ; E. 
S. C. iii. 655 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1856-7, xxviii. ; Gent. Mag. 
1856, i. 426 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 149. Kingia Br. 

King^, Samuel (fl. 1840-4). Of Luddenden, near Halifax. 
Contributed to Phyt. i. 

Kingsley, Rev. Charles (1819-75) : b. Holne, S. Devon, 12 
June, 1819; d. Eversley, Hants, 23 Jan., 1875 ; bur. Eversley. 
M.A. Cambridge. Eector of Eversley, 1844. Canon of 
Chester, 1869 ; of Westminster, 1873. Novehst, essayist, 
naturalist. F.L.S., 1856. ' Letters and Memories,' with 
portr. engr. J. C. Armytage, 1877. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1874-5, 
Ivi. ; E. S. C. viii. 75 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 175. Bust by 
Woolner in Westminster Abbey. 

8 



98 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

KingBley, Charlotte [see Chanter]. 

Kingsley, Henry (fi. 1838-63). M.D. F.L.S., 1852. Of 

Uxbridge and Stratford-on-Avon. Corr. Memb. Bot. Soc. 

Lond. Herbarium in possession of J. Cosmo Melvill. 
Kingston, J. F. (fl. 1829). * Fl. Devoniensis ' (with Eev. J. P. 

Jones), 1829. E. S. C. iii. 658. 
Kingston, Robert Greaser (1846 ?-72): b..Yorksh., 1846?; 

d. Kew, 21 June, 1872. Assistant in Herb. Kew. Journ. 

Bot. 1872, 224 ; Card. Chron. 1872, 876. Kincjstonia Hook. f. 
Kingstone, — (fl. 1724). M.D. Discoyered Saxifraga Ilircidus 

at Knutsford. E. Syn. iii. 355. Kingstonia S. F. Gray = 

Saxifraga Hirculm. 
Kippist, Richard (1812-82): b. Stoke Newington; 11 June, 

1812 ; d. Chelsea, 14 Jan., 1882 ; bur. Brompton Cemetery. 

A.L.S., 1842. Assisted Woods in * Tourists* Flora.' Assis- 
tant Librarian, Linn. Soc, 1830 ; Librarian, 1842-80. 

Discovered Clathriis cancellatiis, Phyt. iii. 1071. Pritz. 164 ; 

Journ. Bot. 1882, 63 ; E. S. C. iii. 658 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 

1881-2, 64; Gard. Chron. 1882, i. 91 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 

197. Kippistia Miers = Salacia, Kippistia F. von Muell. 

Kirby, Elizabeth (1823-73): b. Leicester, 15 Dec, 1823; d. 

Melton Mowbray, June, 1873. ' Plants of Land and Water,' 

1857 ; * Chapters on Trees,' 1873, both with her sister Mary 

(Mrs. Gregg), to whose ' Flora of Leicestershire ' (1850) she 

contributed notes. Jacks. 256 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 198. 
Kirckwood, John (fl. 1698). -Surgeon. Sent plants to Petiver 

from Angola and Old Calabar. Mus. Pet. nos. 155, 167 ; 

Gazophyl. p. 9. 
Knapp, P. H. (fl. 1846-63;. Of Bath. ' Botanical Chart,' 

1846. Pritz. 165 ; Jacks. 235. 
Knapp, John Leonard (1767-1845) : b. Shenley, Bucks, 9 

May, 1767; d. Alveston, Gloucestersh., 29 April, 1845. 

F.L.S,, 1796. *Gramina Britannica,' 1804; ed. ii. 1842. 

* Journal of a Naturahst,' 1829. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 688, 

1127. Herbarium at Edinburgh. Pritz. 165 ; Jacks. 239 ; 

Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 244 ; 'Athenaeum,' 1845, 463 ; Diet. Nat. 

Biog. xxxi. 235. Bust at Kew. Kndppia Sm. = Mibora 

Adans. Knappia F. Bauer = Bhynchoglosszcm Blume. 
Knight, Frances [see Acton, Frances]. 
Knight, Henry (fl. 1838). CoUected in Florida for following 

(his uncle). Floral Cabinet, ii. 47. Ismene Knightii Kn. 

& Westc. 
Knight, Joseph (d. 1855) : d. 20 July, 1855. Gardener to 

Hibbert, afterwards nurseryman at Chelsea. 'Proteeae,' 

1809; ' Coniferous Plants,' 1850. Pritz. 166; Jacks. 141, 408 ; 

Journ. Bot. 1886, 296 ; ' Trans. Hort. Soc. i. 262. 
Knight, Thomas Andrew (1759-1838) : b. Wormesley Grange, 

Ludlow, 12 Aug., 1759; d. London 11 May, 1838; bur. 

Wormesley. At Balliol Coll. F.L S., 1807; F.RS., 1805. 

Pres. Hort. Soc, 1811-38. Pritz. 166; Jacks. 69 ; E. S. C. 

iii. 687 ; Gard. Mag. xiv. 303 ; ' Selection from . . . papers 



BRITISH AND IllIKH BOTANISTS. 99 

and life,' 1841 ; Gard. Cliron. 18-il, 351 ; 1877, i. 169, with 
portr. ; Cott. Gard. vi. 43'; Journ. Hort. xxi. (1876), 428, with 
portr. ; * Athenaeum,' 1838. 358 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 263. 
Portr. at Kew. Knightia Br. 

Knight, William (1786-1844) : b. Aberdeen, 17 Sept., 1786 ; d. 
Aberdeen, SDec, 1844. M.A. Aberd., 1802; LL.D., 1817. 
Lect. on Bot., Aberdeen Univ. * Outlines of Botany,' 1828 
Pritz. 166 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 266. 

Knowles, George Beauchamp(fi. 1829-52). Surgeon. A.L.S., 
1834; F.L.S., 1834. Prof. Bot., Birmingham School of 
Medicine, 1829-52. 'Floral Cabinet' (with F. Westcott), 
1837-40. Pritz. 166 ; Jacks. 472. Knowlesia Hassk. = Tra- 
descant la spicata. 

Knowles^ Gilbert (b. 1674 ?). ' Materia Medica Botanica,' 
1723, in verse, with engr. portr. by Faber, after Murray. 
Pritz. 166 ; Jacks. 200 ; Pult. i. 282 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 
296. 

Knowlton^ Thomas (1692-1782) : b, 1692 ; d. Lanesborough, 
Yorks., 1782. Gardener to Sherard at Eltham, and to Earl 
of Burlington at Lanesborough. Letters to Brewer in Bot. 
Dept. Brit. Mus. Contrib. to Ait. Hort. Kew. x. Pult. ii. 
239 ; Eich. Corr. ; Linn. Corr. i. 77 ; ' Old Yorkshire,' i. 
49 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 303. Knoioltonia Salisb. 

Knowlton, Thomas (1757-1837) : b. Keighley, York, 1757 ; d. 
Darley Dale, Derby, 10 Sept., 1837. F.L.S., 1795. Grandson 
of preceding. Steward to Duke of Devonshire. '* A skilful 
botanist," Gent. Mag. 1837, ii. 435. Gent. Mag. 1838, i. 
544; ' Leeds Mercury,' June 29, 1889. 

Knox, Robert (1640?-1720) : b. 1640 or 1641 ; d. London, July, 
1720. Captain, E. I. C. Navy. * Account of Ceylon,' 1681, 
Captive in Ceylon, 1659-79. Pritz. ed. i. 141 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. xxxi. 330. Portr. engr. E. White, 1695. Knoxia L. 

Konig, Charles Dietrich Eberhard (1774-1851) : b. Bruns- 
wick, 1774 ; d. London, 6 Sept., 1851. Keeper of Mineralogy, 
Brit. Museum, 1813. F.L.S., 1802. F.E.S. ' Annals of 
Bot.' (with Sims), 1805-6. ' Tracts,' 1805. Translated 
Sprengel, 1807. Pritz. 168; Jacks. 567; *AthenaBum,' 1851, 
954 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 343. Portr. in Ann. Bot. ii. 
Koniga Br. 

Kurz, Sulpiz (1833 ?-78) : b. Munich, 1833 ? ; d. Pulo Penang, 
15' Jan., 1878. Pupil of Martins. At Bot. Gard. Buitenzorg. 
Curator, Calcutta Herbarium, 1864. * Keport on Vegetation 
of Andaman Islands,' 1867. * Forest Flora of Brit. Burma,' 
1877. Pritz. 172 ; Jacks. 569 ; E. S. C. viii. 138 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1878, 217 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 346. 

Kyd, Robert (d. 1793) : d. Calcutta, 26 May, 1793 ; bur. Fort 
William. Lieut. -Colonel, 1782. Established Calcutta Bot. 
Gard., 1787. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxi. 348. Kydia Eoxb. 

Lagasca^ Mariano (1776-1839) : b. Encinacorva, Arragon, 4 
Oct., 1776; d. Barcelona, 23 June, 1839. F.L.S., 1831. 
Prof. Bot. and Director Eoyal Garden, Madrid. Took 



100 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

refuge in British territory in 1822. ' Elenchus pi. in hort. 

Matritensi/ 1816. * Genera et Species PI./ 1816. Pritz. 

173; Jacks. 446: E. S. C. iii. 801; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 71. 

Lagasca Cav. 
Lamb, Thomas (fl. 1794). M.D. A.L.S., 1789 ; F.L.S., 1794. 

Of Beading. Eng. Bot. 1931, 2031. 
Lambert, Aylmer Bourke (1761-1842) : b. Bath, 2 Feb., 1761 ; 

d. Kew, 10 Jan., 1842 ; bur. Boyton, Wilts. St. Mary Hall, 

Oxon, 1779. F.L.S., 1788; V.-P., 1796. F.K.S., 1791. 

* Cinchona,' 1797. *Pinus,' 1803-29; ed. 2, 1832; vol. iii. 
1836. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. (1359, 2562, &c.). Herba- 
rium in part in Herb. Mus. Brit. Partly bought by Deles- 
sert, Lasegue, 75. Discovered Carduiis tuherosus^ 1813. 
Pritz. 174 ; Jacks. 569 ; E. S. C. iii. 812 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 
137 ; Gard. Chron. 1842, 271, 439; * Athenseum,' 1842, 1137 ; 
Veitch, * Manual of Coniferae,' 180; Gent. Mag. xvii. (1842), 
667; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 6. Oil portr. by Eussell at 
Linn. Soc. ; engr. Holl. Portr. by H. Eridge ; engr. W. 
Evans, 1811. Portr. at Kew. Aylmeria Martins. Laui- 
bertia Sm. Salix Lamhertiana Sm. 

Lance, John Henry (d. 1878) : d. 12 Jan., 1878. Of Nether- 
ton, near Andover. F.L.S., 1828. Eesided in Surinam before 
1834. Bot. Eeg. t. 1887. Oncidiuvi Lanceanum Lindl. 

Landon, Sylvanus (fl. 1699). Surgeon. Brought plants to 
Petiver from Spain, Azores, and Borneo, Mus. Pet. 45. 

Landsborough, Rev- David (1779-1854) : b. Dairy, Glen Kens, 
Galloway, 11 Aug., 1779 ; d. Saltcoats, Ayrsh., 12 Sept., 1854. 
Minister of Stevenston, Ayrshire, 1811. A.L.S., 1849. D.D. 
*Pop. Hist. Brit. Seaweeds,' 1849; ed.3, 1857. Contributed 
to Harvey's ' Phytologia.' Discovered Ectocarpus Lands- 
burgii. Herbarium in possession of his son. Pritz. 175 ; 
Jacks. 242 ; ' Memoir ' in his ' Arran,' ed. 2, 1875 ; E. S. C. 
iii. 836 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 426 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 62. 
Landslmrqia Harv. 

Langham, William (fl. 1579-1633). * Practitioner in Physicke.* 

♦ The Garden of Health,* 1579 ; ed. 2, 1633. Jacks. 28. 
Lang^ley, Batty (1696-1751) : b. Twickenham, 1696 ; d. Lon- 
don, 3 March, 1751. Architect and garden designer. ' Po- 
mona, or the Fruit-Garden ; illustrated,' 1729 (figures by 
author). Pritz. ed. 1, 148 ; Johnson, Hist. Gardening, 197 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 108. Mezzo, portr. J. Carwithan, 
1741. 

Langley, Larret (fl. 1827-39). Of Brompton Academy, Eother- 
ham. F.L.S., 1827. * Flora of Eotherham,' Mag. Nat. Hist. 
1829 269 

Lankester, Edwin (1814-74): b. Melton, Suffolk, 23 April, 
1814; d. Margate, 30 Oct., 1874. M.D. Heidelberg, 1839. 
F.E.S., 1846 ; F.L.S., 1840. Examiner in Bot., Science and 
Art Dept. Sec. of Eay Society, 1844-62. * Formation of 
Wood,' Eep. Brit. Assoc. 1839. * Setae of Funaria,' Ann. 
Nat. Hist. iv. (1840), 361. ' Plants and animals in waters of 
Harrogate/ ib. vii. (1814), 105, Contrib, to Phytol. i, Wrote 



BmTlSH AND miSH BOTANISTS. 101 

Botany in * Penny Cyclopaedia ' from letter R. Translated 
Schleiden, 1849. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. 202 ; Pritz. 
176 ; Jacks. 570 ; R. S. C. iii. 844 ; * Athenseum,' ii. 1874 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 137. Portr. Men of Eminence, I860. 
Lankesteria Lindl. 

Law^ John Sutherland (d. 1886 ?). Of Bombay Civil Service. 
F.L.S., 1856. Collected in Deccan, Concan, &c. Wight, Ic. 
1070. PI. at Kew and Oxford (Fielding) Herb. Lasegue. 
Lawia Wight = Adenosacme. Latvia Griff. = Terniola Tul. 

Laurence, or Lawrence, Rev- John (1688-1732) : b. Stam- 
ford Barnard, Northamptonsh., 1668; d. Bishop's Wear- 
mouth, Durham, 18 May, 1732 ; bur. same place. B.A. 
Camb., 1668 ; Rector of Yelvertoft, 1703. Rector of Bishop's 
Wearmouth, 1721. Prebendary of Salisbury, 1723. ' A new 
system of Agriculture, containing an account of Silphium,' 
17*26. Additions to ed. 5 of Curtis' * British Grasses,' 1812. 
Journ. Hort. xxx. (1876), 271, with portr. ; Gent. Mag. 
1732, 775 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 206. Portr. in possession 
of Pemberton family ; copperplate by Vertue in his * Clergy- 
man's Recreation,' 1714. 

Lawrence, Miss Mary (fl. 1790-1810). Of London. ' Teacher 
of botanical drawing.' * A collection of Roses from Nature,' 
1799. ' A collection of Passion Flowers,' 1799-1800. Pritz. 
177 * Jacks. 142. 

Lawrence, Robert William (1807-33) : b. 18 Oct., 1807 ; d. 
Tasmania, 18 Oct., 1833. Collected in Western Mountains, 
Tasmania. Lasegue, 328 ; Journ. Bot. 1834, 235 ; Comp. 
Bot. Mag. i. 272 ; Fl. Tasmania, cxxv. ; R. S. C. iii. 894. 
Lawrencia Hook. 

Lawson^ Isaac (fl. 1737-47) : b. in Scotland ; d. Oosterhout, 
Netherlands, 1747. M.D. Leyden, 1737. Friend of Lin- 
naeus and Gronovius. Physician to the Army. Printed (with 
Gronovius) Linne's * Systema Naturae.' Plants from Padua, 
with List, in Herb. Sloane, Ixiii. Linn. Diary, 530 ; Linn. 
Corr. i. 18 ; ii. 173, 175 ; Rich. Corr. 345 ; Pult. View of 
Linnaeus, 15 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 291. Lawsonia L. 

Lawson^ John (d. 1712) : b. in Scotland ; burnt by Indians on 
R. Neuse, N. Carolina, 1712. Surveyor- General of N. Caro- 
lina from 1700. * Voyage to Carolina,' 1709 ; reprinted as 
* History of Carolina, containing the Natural History,' 1714. 
Plants in Herb. Sloane, 145, 242. Pritz. ed. 1, 150; Apple- 
ton, Cyclop. Americ. Biog. ; Drake, Diet. Americ. Biog. ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 294. 

Lawson, John (fl. 1829-39). Of Elgin. * On smut-balls in 
wheat,' Journ. Agric. ix. 1839, 269. * Treatise on Smut in 
Grain,' 1829. R. S. C. viii. 178. 

Lawson, Rev. Thomas (1630-91) : b. 10 Oct., 1630 ; d. Great 
Strickland, Westmoreland, 12 Nov., 1691 ; bur. Friends' 
Burying-ground, Newby Head. Yicar of Rampside, Furness. 
Afterwards master of Friends' School, Great Strickland. List 
of plants, Ray Letters, 197. Pult. ii. 116 ; Rich. Corr. 5 ; 
Nich. Anecd. i. 233 ; R. Syn., ed. 1, 43, &c. ; Pluk. Aim. 8 ; 



102 lilOGIlAPHICAL INDEX Of 

Friends' Books, ii. 88 ; Baker, Fi. Lake District, 7 ; Diet. 
Nat Biog. xxxii. 297. Hieracium Laiosonii Vill. 

Lay, George Tradescant (fl. 1825-43). Naturalist to H. M.S. 
* Blossom,' on Beechey's voyage, 1825-28. Brit. Consul at 
Amoy, 1843. Collected, with A. Collie, in California, in 1827. 
Chinese plants in Hb. Mus. Brit. E. S. C. iii. 896 ; Lase- 
gue, 84; Hooker, *Bot. Beechey's Voyage.' Layia Hook. & 
Arn. 

Leared, Arthur (1822-79) : b. Wexford, 1822 ; d. London, 17 
Oct., 1879. M.D. Dubl., 1860; Oxon, 1861. In Morocco, 
1872-7-9. 'Morocco Drugs,' Pharm. Journ. 3rd ser., iii. 
621; V. 521; vi. 141. Proc. B. Geogr. Soc, n.s., i. 802; 
E. S. C. iii. 903, viii. 180 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 326. 

Leate, Nicholas^ or Lete (d. 1631) : d. London, 1631. Lon- 
don merchant. Introduced many rare plants. Gerard, Herb. 
246 ; Parkinson, Parad. 420 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 328. 

Leathes, Rev. George Reading (1778 ?-1836) : b. 1778?; d. 
Shropham, Norfolk, 1 Jan., 1836. M.A. Cambridge, 1813. 
Eector of Limpenhoe, 1803 ; Wickhampsted, 1804. F.L.S., 
1805. Contrib. to Eng. Bot., 1823, &c. ; to Mag. Nat. Hist. ; 
and to Bury Bot. Gard. Plants in herb, of Eev. T. Eogers, 
of Lackford. Gent. Mag. April, 1836, p. 438. Lcathesia 
Gray. 

Lecaan^ John Pole (fl. 1708). * Advice to Army in Spain . . . 
with virtues of plants growing there and not wild in Eng- 
land,' London, 1708. 

Lee, Ann (fl. 1771-8). Daughter of James Lee. Drawings 
of Mesemhryanthemum in Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. (1771-8). 
Journ. Bot. 1884, 123. 

Lee, Arthur (1740-92) : b Westmoreland, Virginia, 20 Dec, 
1740; d. Urbana, Virginia, 12 Dec, 1792. M.D. Leyden, 
1765. F.E.S. LL.D. Camb., Mass., 1782. Commissioner 
of U.S. to France and Spain. Correspondent of Adanson. 
Pritz. ed. 1, 151 ; * Life,' 1829. 

Lee, Henry (1826-88): b. 1826; d. Brixton, 31 Oct., 1888. 
F.L.S., 1866. Naturalist to the Brighton Aquarium. Founded 
Croydon Microsc. Club. * The Vegetable Lamb of Tartary,' 
1887. Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 357. 

Lee, James (1715-95) : b. Selkirk, 1715 ; d. Hammersmith, July, 
1795. Gardener at Syon and Whitton. Nurseryman, circ 
1745, with Kennedy at Hammersmith. Had collectors in 
America and at the Cape. Introduced Ficchsia coccinea* 
Correspondent of Linnaeus. * Introduction to Botany,' 1760 ; 
ed. 2, 1765 ; ed. 3, 1776 ; ed. 4, 1794, with portr. and biog. 
Contrib. to Aiton's Herb. Kewensis (i. x.). Pult. ii. 349 ; 
Pritz. 178 ; Jacks. 571 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 333 ; Loudon, 
Arboretum, i. 78 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 357. Leea L. 
J, John Edward (1808-87) : b. Hull, 21 Dec, 1808 ; d. Tor- 
quay, Devon, 18 Aug., 1887. F.G.S., 1859. Geologist tod 
Antiquarian. ' On the dispersion of Plants,' Mag. Nat. 
Hist. V. 1832; 522. E. S. C. iii. 925 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 
363. 



4 

BUll^ISH AND IBISH feOTANISTS. 103 

Lee, Sarah, nee Wallis (1791-1856) : b. Colchester?, 1791; d. 
23 Sept., 1856. m. 1, Thomas Edward Bowdich, 1813; ni. 
2, K. Lee. 'Trees, Plants, and Flowers,' 1854. Jacks. 42; 
E. S. C. i. 550 ; Johnston Corr. 177 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. vi. 43. 

Lees, Edwin (1800-87) : b. Worcester, 1800 ; d. Worcester, 21 
Oct., 1887; bur. Pendock, Tewkesbury. F.L.S., 1835. 
Printer and stationer. Editor, * Malvern News,' 1861. Con- 
tributed to Phytol. from 1841. A founder of Worcester Nat. 
Hist. Soc, and of Worcestersh. Naturalists' Club. Cat. Wor- 
cester PI., 1828. ' Botanical Looker-out,' 1842 ; ed. 2, 1851. 
^Botany of Malvern Hills,' 1843; ed. 2, 1852. Arranged 
Buhi in Steele's * HandlDOok,' 1847. Discovered Bubus 
LeesiiBng, Bot. 2981. Pritz. 179; Jacks. 571; E. S. C. 
iii. 925; viii. 189; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1887-8, 93; Journ. 
Bot. 1887, 384 ; Ann. Bot. 1888, 406, with bibliog. ; Diet. 
Nat. Biog. xxxii. 394. 

Legge, George, Earl of Dartmouth (1755-1810) : b. 3 Oct., 
1755; d. Cornwall, 1 Nov., 1810; bur.- Trinity Church, 
Minories, London. M.A. Oxon, 1775 ; D.C.L.,1778; F.R.S.; 
F.L.S., 1790. Viscount Lewisham. Succeeded as 3rd Earl, 
1801. K.G., 1805. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. Gent. Mag. 
1810, ii. 500 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 410. 

Leichardt, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (1813-48) : b. Tre- 
batsch, nr. Beeskow, Prussia, 23 Oct. 1813 ; lost in Australia, 
1848. Letters in Journ. Bot. 1845-8. Papers in Tasmanian 
Journ. Nat. Science iii. (1847). El. Tasman. cxxi. ; WooUs ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 426. Leichardtia Br. 

Leigh, Charles (1662-1704) : b. Singleton, Lane, 1662 ; d. after 
1704. B.A. Oxon, 1683; M.D. Camb., 1689; E.R.S., 
1685. Practised in London and Manchester. * Nat. History 
of Lancashire, Cheshire, and the Peak,' 1700. Pult. i. 353 ; 
Pritz. ed. 1, 153 ; Jacks, 250 ; Wood, Ath. Oxon. ii. 643 ; iv. 
609 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxii. 431. Portr. after Faithorne in 
* Nat. Hist.* Leighia Scop. = Ethulia. Leighia Cass. 

Leighton, Rev. William Allport (1805-89) : b. Shrewsbury, 
7 May, 1805; d. Luciefelde, Shrewsbury, 25 Feb., 1889. 
B.A. Camb., 1833; F.L.S., 1865. ' Catal. of Cellulares,' 
1837. Contributed to Phytol. 1841. * Flora of Shropshire,' 
1841. * British Angiocarpous Lichens,' 1851. * Lichen- 
Flora,' 1871. Pritz. 181; Jacks. 571; E. S. C. iii. 943; 
viii. 197 ; Journ. Bot, 1889, 111 ; Ann. Bot. iii. 465 (bibliogr.) ; 
Trans. Shrops. Archseol. Soc. ix. (1886), with photo, portr. ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxiii. 8. Portr. at Kew. Leightonia Trev. 

Leith, H. Andrew (fl 1840-50). M.D. Surgeon H.E.I.C.S., 
Bombay. Collected (especially Ferns) in N. and S. India. 
Correspondent of Low. Plants in possession of J. C. 
Melvill. 

Lelamar, John (fl. 1373). Master of Hereford School. 
Translated Macer's Herbal, Sloane MS. 1571. Pult. i. 32 ; 
Haller, i. 215. 

Lemann, Charles Morgan (1806-52) : b. London, 1806 ; d. 
Bath, Aug., 1852. M.D. Cambridge, 1833; F.L.S., 1831; 



104 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

F.E.C.P., 1836. Collected iu Madeira, 1837-8, and at 
Gibraltar, 1840-1. Herb, of 30,000 species presented to 
Cambridge Univ. MS. Flora of Madeira. Lowe, Fl. Madeira, 
pref. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 234 ; Journ. Bot. 1853, 307. 
Garlemannia Benth. 

Lete^ Nicholas [_see Leate]. 

I«ettsom, John Coakley (1744-1815) : b. Little Van Dyke, 
Tortola, 22 Nov., 1744i; d. Sambrook Court, Basinghall Street, 
1 Nov., 1815 ; bur. Little Coleman Street, Bunhill Kow. 
M.D. Leyden, 1769; LL.D. Camb., Mass., &c. ; L.E.C.P., 
1770; F.E.S,, 1771; F.L.S., 1797. Had a bot. garden at 
Grove Hill, Camberwell. * Natural History of the Tea-tree,* 
1772. 'Naturalist's Companion,' 1772. * Hortus Upto- 
nensis,' 1783. Pritz. 183; Jacks. 572; * Life,' with portr., 
W. Skelton pinx. & sculpsit, 1817 ; Munk. ii. 287 ; Nichols, 
Lit. Illustr. ii. 657, with portr. ; * Memoirs of S. Fothergiil,' 
by G. Crosfield ; Cott. Gard. v. 79 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxiii. 
134. Portr. engr. T. HoUoway. Lettsomia Euiz. & Pav. 

Lewis^ Rev. Dr. (fl. 1700). Of Madras. Sent Cape plants to 
Petiver, Mus. Pet. nn. 261, 784." 

Leyland^ Roberts (fl. 1835). Printer, of Halifax. Contributed 
to N. B. G., 659, &c. PL in Herb. Mus. Brit. 

Lightfoot^ Rev. John (1735-88) : b. Newent, Gloucestersh., 
9 Dec, 1735; d. Uxbridge, Middlesex, 20 Feb., 1788. 
M.A. Oxon, 1766; F.E.S. ; F.L.S., 1788. Chaplain to 
Dowager Duchess of Portland. Eector of Shalden, Hants, 
1765; of Gotham, Notts, 1777, then of Cowley, Middlesex. 
Travelled through Scotland, with Pennant, 1772. 'Flora 
Scotica,' 1777 ; ed. 2, 1789. Herbarium bought by George 
III., now at Kew ; partly in that of G. S. Gibson, Saffron 
Walden. Eees ; Pritz. 185 ; Jacks. 246 ; MS. * Journal of a 
Botanical Excursion in Wales,' in Dept. Bot., Brit. Mus.; 
Life in ' Flora Scotica ' ; Gent. Mag. Iviii. pt. 1 (1788), 183, 
269 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxiii. 232. Lightfootia L'Her. 

Lind, James (1736-1812) : b. Scotland, 17 May, 1736 ; d. Lon- 
don, 17 Oct., 1812. M.D. Edin., 1768 ; F.E.S., 1777. With 
Banks in Iceland, 1772. Plants from Cape, St. Helena, 
Johanna I., and E. Indies, in Herb. Brit. Mus. Banks' 
Corresp. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxiii. 272. 

Lindley, John (1799-1865) : b. Catton, Norfolk, 5 Feb., 1799 ; 
d. Turnham Green, Middlesex, 1 Nov., 1865 ; bur. Acton* 
Ph.D. Munich, 1832; F.L.S., 1820; F.E.S., 1828. Assist- 
ant in Banks' Library, 1819. Garden clerk, Chiswick, 1822. 
Assistant- Sec. Hort. Soc, 1830; Sec, 1858. Prof. Bot. 
Univ. Coll., London, 1829-60. Praefectus Hort. Chelsea, 
1836-53. Editor, * Bot. Eegister,' 1826 ; ' Gard. Chron.,' 
1841. ' Eosarum Monographia,' 1820. * Digitalium Monog.,' 
. 1821. ' Synopsis of Brit. Flora,' 1829. ' Fossil Flora,' with 
Hutton, 1831-37. ' Vegetable Kingdom,' 1846. Her-- 
barium at Cambridge ; Orchids at Kew. Pritz. 186 ; Jacks. 
573 ; E. S. C. iv. 31 ; Proc. Linn. Soc 1865-6, Ixxiii. ; 
Proc Eoy. Soc xv. xxx. ; Lasegue ; Gard. Chron. 1865, 



BRITISH AND IHISH BOTANISTS. 105 

1058, 1082; Journ. Hort. ix. (1865), 381; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

xxxiii. 277. Oil portr. at E. Hort. Soc. Portr. in Ipswich 

Museum series, and in * Naturalist,' iv.. May, 1839; Men of 

Eminence, 1866. Lhidleya H. B. K. 
Lindsay, A. K. (fl. 1833). M.D. Collected in Kumaon. 

K. S. C. iv. 34 ; Bot. Misc. iii. 119. 
Lindsay, Archibald (fl. 1781). M.D. Edin., 1781. ' Diss. 

inaug. de pi. incrementi causis,' 1781. Pritz. 186. 
Lindsay, John (fl. 1790). Of Westmoreland, Jamaica. Surgeon. 

* On Germination of Ferns,' Linn. Trans, ii. 313. * Account 
of Quassia polygama and of Cinchona brachycarpa,' Trans. 
E.S.E. 1791. E. S. C. iv. 34. Specimens in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
LindscBa Dry and. 

Lindsay, William Lauder (1829-80) : b. Edinburgh, 19 Dec, 
1829 ; d. Edinburgh, 24 Nov., 1880. M.D. Edin., 1852 ; 
F.K.S.E.; F.L.S., 1858. 'Pop. Hist. Brit. Lichens,' 1856. 

* Contributions to New Zealand Bot.,' 1868. Pritz. 187; 
Jacks. 573 ; E. S. C. iv. 34 ; viii. 234 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1880-82, xviii. ; Gard. Chron. 1880, ii. 734 ; Journ. Bot. 1881, 
64 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxiii. 316. 

Lingwood, Robert Maulkin (fl. 1839). Of Hereford. M.A. 

Camb. ; F.L.S., 1839. F. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1838. In Channel 

Islands with Babington, 1837. 
Lister, Martin (1638 ?-1712) : b. EadchfTe, Bucks., 1638?; d. 

London, 2 Feb., 1712; bur. at Clapham Church. M.A. Camb., 

1662. M.D. Oxon, 1684 ; F.K.S., 1671 ; F.K.C.P., 1687. 

Physician to Queen Anne, 1709. Settled at York, 1670 ; in 

London, 1684. Correspondent of Eay (Corresp. 111-125). 

Munk, i. 442 ; Lankester, ' Memorials of Kay,' 17 ; Alumn. 

Oxon. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxiii. 350. Lister a Br. 
Litton, Samuel (d. 1847). M.A. Dublin, 1804. M.D. 21 years 

Prof, to Eoyal Dublin Society. Bot. Mag. 4723. Littonia 

modes ta Hook., " after his modest merits." 
Livingstone John (fl. 1800-24). * On Chinese Horticulture,' 

Trans. Hort. Soc. iii., iv., v. E. S. C. iv. 61. 
Livingstone, John S. (fl. 1860). F.E.Phys.Soc.Edin. 

* Effects of Chloroform, &c., on Plants,' Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. vi. 325, 380. E. S. C. iv. 60. 

Lloyd (Lhwyd), Edward (1670-1709) : b. Kidwell, Caermar- 
then, 1670; d. Oxford, July, 1709. Student, Jesus Coll., 
Oxon, 1687. Keeper of Ashmolean Museum, 1690. M.A., 
1701. Contributed list of Welsh plants to Gibson's * Camden.' 
Sent plants to Petiver, Sloane MSS. Irish plants in Herb. 
Sloane, cxxiv. Phil. Trans, xxvii. 524. Putt. ii. 110-116 ; 
Eay Corresp. 482, and numerous letters ; Eich. Corr. 12, 62, 
&c. ; Wood, Athen. Oxon. ii. 1094 ; iv. 723 ; Alumn. Oxon. 
Lloydia Salisb. 

Lloyd, George N. (d. 1843) : d. Thebes, 29 Oct., 1843, ? Pritz. 
'Botanical Terminology,' 1826. * Fascipulus Graminese 
Britannicae ' (dried specimens), Edinb., 1840. Issued fas- 
ciculi of Scottish plants ; Eng. Bot. 2689. Pritz. 194 ; 
tiacj^s. t/. 



106 BIOGKAPHICAli INDEX 0^ 

Lloyd, John (1791 ?-1870) : b. Herefordshire, 1791?; d. 24 Jan., 
1870. Contributed to Phytol. iv. and n.s. i.-vi. Gard. 
Chron. 1870, i. 180 ; E. S. C. iv. 64. 

Lloyd, Monls (fl. 1640). Of Prislierwoi-th, Anglesey. Dis- 
covered Oxyria in Wales. Park. Theatr. 745. 

Lobb, Thomas (fl. 1847). Collector for Yeitch in India and 
Malaya. List of his plants (by Planchon) in Journ. Bot. 
1847-8. Journ. Bot. 1847, 145; Cott. Gard. xiii. 274. 
Lobbia Planch. 

Lobb, William (1809-63) : b. East Cornwall, 1809 ; d. San 
Francisco, 1863 ; bur. Lone Mt. Cemetery. Brother of pre- 
ceding. Collector for Veitch in S. America, 1840-8, and in 
California, 1849-57. Veitch, ' Manual of the Conifers,' p. 
258. Lobbia Planch. 

Lobel, Matthias de (1538-1616) : b. Lille, Flanders, 1538 ; 
d. Highgate, 1616. Botanographer to James I. Pupil of 
Kondeletius at Montpelier. * Adversaria Nova ' [with Peter 
Pena], London, 1570-1. * Observationes,' Antwerp, 1576. 

* Illustrationes,' ed. W. How, 1655. Superintendent of Lord 
Zouch's garden, Hackney. Introduced Ephedra distachya, 
1570 ; Salvia graiidifiora, 1616. Pult. i. 96 ; Bees ; Pritz. 
194 ; Jacks. 574 ; FL Midd. 369. Engr. portr. fol. vign. by 
Francis Dellarame, 1615. Copy at Kew. Lobelia L. 

Lockhart, David (d. 1846) : d. Trinidad, 1846. Kew gardener. 
Assistant to Christian Smith on Congo Expedition, 1816 : 
sole survivor of the staff. Superintendent Trinidad Bot. 
Garden, 1823. Lasegue, 444. Plants from Bahia in Herb. 
Mus. Brit. Bot. Mag. 2715. Journ. Bot. 1847, 40 ; E. S. C. 
iv. 68 ; Gard. Chron. 1885, xxiv. p. 236 ; Smith, Kew, 230. 
Lockhartia Hook. 

Lockhead, William (d. 1815) ; d. St. Vincent Bot. Garden, 22 
March, 1815 ; bur. in the garden. Succeeded Anderson as 
Curator, July, 1811. Drawings in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. K. S. 
C. iv. 67 ; Guilding, ' Account of St. Vincent Bot. Gard.,' 1825. 

Loddiges, Conrad (d. 1820) : b. Germany ; d. Hackney, 1820. 
Nurseryman, Hackney, from 1771 ? Introduced plants from 
Michaux and Bartram : Loudon, * Arboretum,* 84. * Bot- 
anical Cabinet,' 1817. Pritz. 194 ; Jacks, 574 ; Bot. Mag. 
t. 965. Loddigesia Sims. 

Loddiges, George (1784-1846) : b. Hackney, 12 March, 1784 ; 
d. Hackney, 5 June, 1846. F.L.S., 1821. Son of preceding. 

* Botanical Cabinet,' 1817-34, with many of the plates drawn 
by himself. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 334. 

Loftus, William Kennett (c. 1821-58) : b. Eye, Sussex, 1821 ? ; 
d. .on board ' Tyburnia,' returning from India, November, 
1858. F.G.S. On Turco-Persian Frontier Commission, 
1849-52. Conductor of Assyrian Excavation Expedition, 
1853-55. On Indian Geological Survey from 1855. Col- 
lected in Assyria, Persia, &c. Plants in Brit. Mus. and Herb. 
Kew. * Travels in Chaldsea,' 1859. Proc. Eoy. Geogr. Soc. 
iii. (1858-9), 259 ; Gent. Mag. 1859, vi. 435 ; Trans. Tyne- 
side Nat. Club, iv. 98. 



BllITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 107 

I 

Logan^ James (1674-1751) : b. Lurgan, Ireland, 1674 ; d. Sten- 
ton, Pennsylvania, 31 Oct., 1751 ; bur. Arch St., Philadelphia. 
Went to America with Penn, 1699. Secretary of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1701 ; Governor, 1736. * Experimenta de plantarum 
generatione,' Leyden, 1739 ; in English, London, 1747. Pult. 
ii. 277 : Pritz. 195 ; Jacks. 96 ; * Memoirs,' 1851, with portr. 
engr. S. Allen fr. original in Loganian Library, Philadelphia ; 
Friends' Books, ii. 129 ; Appleton, Cyclop. Americ. Biog. iv. 
3, w. portr. Logania Br. 

London^ George (d. 1713). Apprentice to Eose. Gardener to 
Bishop Compton, William and Mary, and Anne. In partner- 
ship with Henry Wise at Brompton Park Nursery, 1694-1701. 
Mus.. Pet. 45; Johnson, 123; Felton, 35. Plants in Hb. 
Sloane clxvii., table at end of lib. Sloane xci. 

Long^ Henry Lawes (fl. 1839). * Enquiry concerning Quercus 
and Fag us of the ancients,' Gard. Mag. xv. 1838, 9. Pritz. 
ed. i. 172. 

Long^ J. (fl. 1857-9). * Indigenous Plants of Bengal,' Ind. Agric. 
Soc. Journ. 1857-9. E. S. C. iv. 78. 

Longmire, J. B. (fl. 1814-26). * Plants of St. Petersburg,' 
Thomson, Ann. Phil. 1823. E. S. G. iv. 80. 

Lord, Job (fl. 1704). Collected in Carolina. Carolina plants, 
Hb. Sloane, 268, 284, 285. 

Loudon, Jane Wells, nee Webb (1800 or 1802-58) : b. Birming- 
ham, 180Q or 1802 ; d. Bayswater, 13 July, 1858 ; m. J. C. 
Loudon (the following), 1830. 'Botany for Ladies,' 1842. 
' British Wild Flowers,' 1845. Pritz. 194 ; Jacks, 575 ; Cott. 
Gard. xx. 248, 255. 

Loudon^ John Claudius (1783-1843) : b. Cambuslang, Lanark, 
8 April, 1783 ; d. Bayswater, 14 Dec, 1843 ; bur. Kensal Green 
Cemetery. F.L.S., 1806. Travelled in Northern Europe, 
1813-15; in Italy, 1819. Edited * Gardener's Magazine' 
from 1826 ; Mag. Nat. Hist, from 1828 ; * Encyclop. of Plants,' 
1829; *Hortus Lignosus Londinensis,' 1838; * Arboretum 
Britannicum,' 1838. Pritz, 196; Jacks, 575; Las^gue, 537; 
Proc, -Linn. Soc. i. 204 ; Gard. Chron. 1844, 7 ; 1845, 754 ; 
Cott. Gard. v. 148 ; xx. 255 ; Athenaeum, 1843, 1112. Oil 
portr. by Linnell at Linn. Soc. Portr. at Kew. Lovdonia 
Lindl. 

Lovell^ George (fl. 1849). Gardener. ' Observations on wood,' 
and * On forest trees,' Journ. Hort. Soc. iv. 1849. E. S. C. 
iv. 92. 

Lovell^ Robert (d. 1690) : b. Lapworth, Warwickshire ; d. 
Coventry, Nov., 1690, bur. Holy Trinity, Coventry. M.A. 
Oxon. 1653. Practised Medicine at Coventry, * Uaixporavo- 
Xoyia, Enchiridion Botanicum, or a complete Herballe,' 1659 ; 
ed. 2, 1665. Pult. i. 181 ; Pritz. 197 ; Jacks. 32 ; Wood's 
Fasti, ii. 160, 176; Ath. Ox. iv. 296; Watt, Bibl. Brit.; 
F. L. Colvile, ' Worthies of Warwickshire,' p. 516 ; Alumn. 
Oxon. 

Lowe^ Rev. Richard Thomas (1802-74) : b. 4 Dec, 1802 ; 
drowned, Bay of Biscay, April, 1874. B.A. Camb., 1825 ; 



108 BIOGHAPHICAL INDEX OP 

M.A., 1831 ; M.A. Oxon, 1843. English Chaplain in Madeira, 
1832-52. Eector of Lea, Lincolnsh., 1852. * Primitiae . . . 
Florae Maderae/ 1830. * Manual Flora of Madeira,' 1857-72 
' Mogador Plants,' Journ. Linn. Soc. v. 26. Plants at Kew 
and Brit. Mus. Pritz. 197 ; Jacks. 353 ; Journ. Bot. 1874, 
287; E. S. C. iv. 98; viii. 267. Loicea Lindl. = Hulthemia. 

Lowther, W. H. (fi. 1854-71). Capt. Bengal Army. * Pro- 
ductions of Kashraere ' ; ' Notes on Flora of Bourbon ' ; 
' Notes on Flora of S. Africa,' Ind. Agric. Soc. Journ. 1854- 
63. E. S. C. iv. 103. 

Lunan^ John (fl. 1814). ' Hortus Jamaicencis,' 1814. Pritz. 
198. Lunania Hook. 

Lush, Charles (1796 ?-1845) : b. 1796 ? ; d. Hyderabad, 4 July, 
1849. Lect. Bot. St. Thomas' Hospital, 1825. M.D. Of 
Bombay Medical Staff. Supt. E. I. C. Bot. Gard. at Dar- 
poorie. F.L.S., 1820. * Acacia,' Linn. Trans, xvii. 1841, 217. 
* Madia sativa,' Ann. Nat. Hist. vii. 1841, 446. Proc. Linn. 
Soc. i. 302 ; E. S. C. iv. 131. 

Luxford, George (1807-54) ; b. Sutton, Surrey, 7 April, 1807 ; 
d. Walworth, Surrey, 12 June, 1854. Printer. Lect. Bot. 
St. Thomas' Hospital, 1846. A.L.S., 1836. F.B.S. Edin., 
1838. Edited ^Phytol.,' 1841. Contributed to Mag. Nat. 
Hist. ' Flora of Eeigate,' 1838. Pritz. 198 ; Jacks. 575 ; 
E. S. C. iv. 136 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 426. 

Lyall, Robert (178- -1831) : b. Scotland 178- ; d. Port Louis, 
1831. F.L.S., 1824. Studied in Edinburgh. In Eussia, 
1815-23. To Mauritius, 1827. To Madagascar, 1828. Eesi- 
dent at Antananarivo, 1828-9. Papers on irritability of plants 
in Nicholson's Journ. xxiv-xxviii. (1809-11). Correspondence 
in Eecord Office. Plants at Kew. E. S. C. iv. 137 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1892, ii. 519 ; Lasegue, 557. 

Lyell, Charles (1767-1849) : b. Kinnordy, Forfarsh., 7 March, 
1767 ; d. Kinnordy, 8 Nov., 1849. M.A. St. Andrew's ; M.A. 
Cambridge, 1794; F.L.S. 1813. Contrib. lichens to Eng. 
Bot. 1876, &c. Gard. Chron. 1849, 727; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
ii. 87 ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1876, 53. Portr. at Kew. Lyellia E. 
Brown. 

Lyle, Thomas (d. 1859) : d. Glasgow, 20 April, 1859. M.D. 
Practised in Glasgow. Muscologist. Correspondent of 
Wilson. Had a herbarium. Mosses in Wilson's coll. in 
Brit. Mus. 

Lynam^ James (1812-85) : b. Ballybrummel, co. Carlow, 1812 ; 
d. Eaheen, co. Gal way, Oct., 1885. C.E. Hon. Corr. Sec. 
Bot. Soc. London, 1852. Found Sisyrinchium anceps near 
Woodford, co. Galway, 1845. ' The Climates of the Earth ' 
(bot. chart), 1857. 

Lynch, Thomas Q. (fl. 1849). Collected in N. Persia, 1849. 
Plants in Brit. Mus. 

Lyon, George Jasper (1816-62 ?) : b. 31 Jan., 1816 ; d. c. 1862. 
Of Glasgow. F.B.S.Edin., 1837. Correspondent of Wilson. 
Moss Herbarium and drawings of Mosses and Jungermannia 
in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. 



BKITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 109 

Lyon^ John (d. 1818 ?) : b. Gillogie, Forfarsh. ? ; d. in the moun- 
tains, North America, 1818? At Philadelphia in 1802. 
Eeturned with 14 new spp. in 1806. Went to Carolina, 
Georgia, and Florida, returning 1812. Had a herbarium. 
Introduced many American pi. to Europe : Pursh. Fl. Amer. 
Sept. xiii. 204, &c. Journ. Bot. 1842, 11. Lyonia Nuttall. 
Lyon, P. (fl. 1816). Of Edinburgh. ' Treatise on Trees,' 1816. 

Pritz. 199 ; Jacks. 206. 
Lyons, Israel (1739-75) : b. Cambridge, 1739 ; d. London, 1775. 
Astronomer. * Fasciculus pi. circa Cantabrigiam nasc. post 
Eaium observata,' 1763. Taken to Oxford to lecture, by 
Banks, in 1760, Diet. Nat. Biog. iii. 129. Went on Arctic 
Expedition, 1773. First gathered Phleiim Boshmeri, Eng. 
Bot. 459. Pritz. 199; Jacks. 249; Gorham, * Memoirs of 
Martyn,' 122 ; Nich. Anecd. ii. 327 ; Gent. Mag. 1775, 254; 
Allibone ; Chalmers ; Eose ; Cooper's * Ann. of Cambridge,' 
iv. 381. Lyonsia Br. 
Lyons, John C. (fl. 1845). Of Ladiston, Ireland. ' Orchidaceous 

Plants,' 1845. Imported and grew orchids. Pritz. 199 ; 

Jacks. 576 
Lysons, kev. Daniel (1763-1834) : b. 1763 ; d. 3 Jan. 1834. 

M.A. Oxon, 1785. F.E.S. Eector of Hempstead Court, 

Glos'ter. Topographer. Friend of A. B. Lambert. ** An 

excellent botanist," Gent. Mag. 1842, xvii. 668. 
Lyte, Henry (1529-1607) : b. Lytes Gary, Somerset, 1529 ; d. 

same place, 16 Oct., 1607) ; bur. Charlton Mackerel Church. 

* A niewe Herball,' 1578, translated from Dodoens. MSS. in 

Archives of Univ. Oxford. Pult. i. 88 ; Pritz. 88 ; Jacks. 26 ; 

Wood, Athen. Oxon,, ed. BUss. ii. 22, 649 ; Willm. George, 

' Lytes Gary Manor House,' 1879. 

M'AUa, or McCalla, William (c. 1814-49) : b. Ireland, c. 
1814 ; d. Ireland, May, 1849. Algologist and marine zoo- 
logist. A.B.S. Edin., 1840. Distinguished Erica Mackaiana. 
Communicated Algae to Harvey. * Algae Hibernicae,' Dublin, 
1845, 4to (specimens). Journ. Bot. 1842, 71 ; Phyt. ii. 742 ; 
Harvey, Phycol. Brit. t. 84, 263. Cladophora Macallana 
Harv. 

Macarthur^ William (fl. 1855). Commissioner to Paris Exhi- 
bition, 1855, from New South Wales. ' Cat. des Collec- 
tions de Bois,' sent from N.S.W. to Exhibition. Sent pi. to 
Backhouse, now in Herb. Kew., and to Brit. Mus. Pritz. 
199 ; Fl. Tasm. cxxvi. Macarthuria Endl. 

McClelland, John (fl. 1835-65). Surgeon, Biengal Service. 
Zoologist. F.L.S., 1841; F.B.S.E., 1856. Edited W. 
Griffith's posthumous works, 1847-50. Pritz. 199 ; Jacks. 
384 ; K. S. C. iv. 149, 

McCormick, Robert (1800-90) : b. Kunham, Norfolk, 22 July, 
1800; d. Wimbledon, 28 Oct., 1890. Deputy Inspector- 
General K.N. Pupil of Lindley. Collected in Parry's 
Arctic and Sir James Eoss's Antarctic Expeditions. PI. in 
Herb. Mus. Brit., Journ. Bot. 1891, 371. ' Voyages of Dis- 



110 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

covery/ 1884, w. autobiog. and portrs. Querciis McCor^nickii 
Carr. 

MaccuUoch, John (1773-1835): b. Guernsey, 6 Oct., 1773; 
d. Cornwall, 21 Aug., 1835. M.D. Edin., 1791; F.L.S., 
1801. Geologist. * Naturalization of Plants,' Quart. Joum. 
Sci. 1826, 1829. E. S. C. iv. 153. 

Macdonald \^see Smith, Mbs.] . 

McDonald, Alexander (pseud.) [see Dickson, E. W.]. 

Macdonald^ George (fl. 1853). Of Scotland. * Botanist's 
Wordbook ' [with James Allan], 1853. Pritz. 199 ; Jacks. 9. 

Macfadyen^ James (1800-50) : b. Glasgow, 1800 : d. Jamaica, 
1850. M.D. Glasgow, 1821-2. F.L.S., 1838. Twelve 
years in Jamaica. Established Jamaica Bot. Gard. * Flora 
of Jamaica,' 1837. *Nelumbium jamaicense,' 1847. Plants 
at Kew. Pritz. 199 ; Jacks. 576 ; E. S. C. iv. 157 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. ii. 135. Macfadyenia A. DC. Fadyenia Hook. 

Macfarlan, A. J. (d. 1868 or 1869). Of Edinburgh. M.D. 
Curator, Bot. Soc. Edin. * Nectary of Eanunculus,' Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin. v. 169. E. S. C. iv. 157. 

MacGarroch^ James Burgess (d. before 1809). Of Kirk- 
michael, Dumfries. Son of Eev. Dr. Burgess (q. v.). Con- 
tributed Lichens to Eng. Bot. (tt. 1246, 2050, 2489). 

MacGibbon, J- (fl. 1858). 'Cat. Bot. Gard., Cape Town,' 
1858. Pritz. 200 ; Jacks. 448. 

MacGillivray, John (d. 1867) : d. Sydney, 6 June, 1867. Son 
of the following. Naturalist to H.M.S. ' Fly,' * Eattlesnake,' 
and * Herald,' 1842-50. * Narrative of the Voyage of H.M.S. 
*' Eattlesnake,'" 1852. PL in Herb. Mus. Brit, and Herb. 
Kew. Fl. Tasmania, cxvii. ; Journ. Bot. 1867, 316 ; Fl. 
Vitiensis, vii. 

MacGillivray, William (1796-1852): b. 1796; d. Aberdeen, 
5 Sept., 1852. A.M. Aberdeen, 1815 ; LL.D ; F.E.S.Ed. 
Prof. Bot., Aberdeen, 1841. Author of condensed issue of 
Withering's * Arrangement ' (1830). Translated Eichard's 
Elemens de. Botanique,' 1831. ' Nat. Hist, of Deeside ' 
(posthumous), 1855. Pritz. 200; Jacks. 576; E. S. C. iv. 
159 ; viii. 292. 

Macgrigor, Sir James (fl. 1799-1829). M.D ; F.E.S. ; K.T.S. 
Collected in Jersey, 1799 ; and in Mauritius. Pres. Med.- 
Bot. Soc, 1828. Mauritius plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
Trans. Med.-Bot. Soc. 1829, Appx. p. 11. 

Mcintosh, Charles (1794-1864) : b. Abercaimy, Perthsh., Aug., 
1794; d. Murray-field, 9 Jan., 1864. A.L.S., 1854. Gardener 
at Claremont and Dalkeith. * Flora and Pomona,' 1829 ; 
* Practical Gardener.' Proc. Linn. Soc. 1863-4, xlii. 

Maclntyre, iEneas (fl. 1825-60). LL.D; F.L.S., 1825. 
Memb. Bot. Soc. Lond., 1836. 'Notice of Plants on Warley 
Common, Essex,' Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. 1836. 

Mclvor, William Graham (d. 1876) : b. Dollar, Clackman- 
nansh. ; d. Ootacamund, India, 8 June, 1876. Kew gardener. 
Superintendent, Bot. Gard., Ootacamund, 1848. * Hepaticae 
Britannicge ' (specimens), 1847. Introduced Cinchona into 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. Ill 

India. * Notes on the cultivation of Cinchonas,' 1863. 
Pritz. 200 ; Jacks. 576 ; E. S. C. iv. 161 ; Eng. Bot. 2948 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1876, ii. 150 ; Journ. Bot. 1876, 224 ; Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin. xiii. 11. 

Mackay, James Townsend (1775 ?-1862) : b. Kirkcaldy, Fife, 
1775?; d. Dublin, 25 Feb., 1862. A.L.S., 1806; LL.D. 
Dublin, 1850. M.E.I. A. Founder and Curator, Bot. Gard., 
Trin. Coll., Dublin. 'Fl. Hibernica,' 1836. Discovered 
Arenaria ciliata, &c. Contributed largely to Eng. Bot. (1927, 
&c.). Plants at Dublin. Pritz. 200; Jacks. 576; E. S. C. 
iv. 161 ; Mag. Nat. Hist. 1831, 167 ; Journ. Hort. ii. 1862, 
457 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1862, cv. ; Turner, Fuci, i. 116. Mackaia 
Gray = FucziSy part. Machaya Arn. = Erythropakim. 
Mackaya Harv. Erica Mackaiana. 

Mackay, John (d. before 1803): d. Edinburgh, before 1803. 
A.L.S. Of Edinburgh. Nurseryman. Contributed largely 
to Eng. Bot., 1793-1802. Eng. Bot, tt. 311, 1123, &c. 

Mackay, John (fl. 1841-62). Druggist. Of Edinburgh. ' Ee- 
marks on Oidium,' Edin. Trans. Scot. Soc. Arts, vi. 1864, 175. 
E. S. C. iv. 162. 

Mackay^ John Bain (1795-1888) : b. Echt, Aberdeensh., 5 
Feb., 1795 ; d. Totteridge, Herts, 9 Aug., 1888. Nurseryman 
at Clapton. F.L.S., 1824. Jacks. 410 ; Garden, xxiv. 287. 

M'Ken^ Mark Johnston (1823-72) : b. Maxwelltown, Dum- 
fries, 1823; d. Pietermaritzburg, Natal, 20 April, 1872. 
Collected in Jamaica. Curator, Natal Bot. Gard., 1851,-53 
and 1860-72. ' Ferns of Natal,' 1869. * Synopsis Filicum 
Capensium ' (with W. T. Gerrard), 1870. Pritz. 200 ; Jacks. 
350, 351 ; Gard. Chron. 1872, 806 ; Journ. Bot. 1872, 223. 
Mackenia Harv. = Schizoglossum. 

Mackenzie, Charles (fl. 1830). M.D. F.L.S. Contrib. 
article on Botany to Brewster's ed. of Edin. Encyclopaedia 
(signed C. M.) c. 1830. 

Maclagan, J. McGrigor (fl. 1851). * On Colchicum autumnale,' 
Edin. Monthly Journ. Med. Sci. xiii. 1851, 501 ; xiv. 1. 
E. S. C. iv. 165. 

Maclagan, PhUip Whiteside (d. 1892) : d. Berwick-on-Tweed, 
25 May, 1892. Of Edinburgh, M.D. Surgeon Canadian 
Eifles and 20th Eegt. m. daughter of George Johnston, and 
succeeded him in practice, 1855. Had a herbarium. ' Plants 
collected in the line of the Eideau Canal, Canada West,' 
Ann. Nat. Hist. xx. 11 (1847). E. S. C. iv. 165 ; Athenasum, 
June 4, 1892, p. 731. 

Maclean^ John (fl. 1837-43). Merchant. Of Lima. Sent 
plants to Hooker and Herbert. Employed A. Mathews. Ic. 
PL 109. Bot. Mag. 3979. Macleania Hook. 

Macleay^ Alexander (1767-1848) : b. Eoss-shire, 24 ,June, 
1767; d. Sydney, N. S. W., 18 July, 1848. F.L.S., 1794; 
Sec, 1798-1825. F.E.S., 1809. Colonial Sec, N. S. W., 
1825-36. Entomologist. '' A practical botanist," E. 
Brown. Proc Linn. Soc ii. 45 ; Johnston Corr. 133. Oil 
portr. by Lawrence at Linn. Soc. Macleaya Br. 






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BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 113 

Pyrenees, Sweet's Fl. Gard., 2nd ser., iii. 202. Pritz. 200; 

Jacks. 234. Macreightia A. DC. = Maba. 
MacRitchie, Rev. William (fl. 1809-21). Minister of Clunie, 

Perthshire. Correspondent of Eobert Brown. Found 

Hutchinsia alpina at Ingleboro'. Contrib. to Statistical 

Account Scotland. * Meteorological Journal/ in Mem, 

Wern. Soc. iv. 74. Plants in Brit. Herb. Mus. Brit. Journ. 

Bot. 1863, 359. 
IMIadden^ Edward (d. 1866) : d. Edinburgh, June, 1856. 

Lieut.-Col., Bengal Artillery. Pres. Bot. Soc. Edin. F.E.S. 

Edin. Collected in Simla and Kumaon. * Nepal Plants,' 

Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. v. 116.. Proc. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1856, 

45. Maddenia Hook. f. & Thorns. 
Maddox, John (1749 ?-1828) : b. 1749 ? ; d. Oxford, 8 April, 

1828 ; bur. St. Aldate's, Oxford. Gardener at Christ Church, 

Assisted Baxter in * Phaenog. Bot.' see vi. 415. 
IMLaidstone^ Nathaniel (fi. 1696-1707). Sent plants from 

China and India to Petiver. Herb. Sloane, lix. Ayscough 

Cat. 948, 
Main, James (c. 1775-1846) : b. Edinburgh ?,c. 1775; d. Chelsea, 

1846. A.L.S., 1829. Of Edinburgh. Collected in China, 

1792-94. Afterwards employed by Hibbert. Edited 

Paxton's ' Horticultural Eegister,' 1835-6. ' Vegetable 

Physiology,' 1833. * Popular Bot.,' 1835. Account of 

Chinese voyage in Paxton, Hort. Eeg. 1836, 62, &c. Pritz. 

201 ; Jacks. 577 ; E. S. C. iv. 192 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 

303. 
Ulaingay^ Alexander Carroll (1836-69) : b. Great Ayton, 

Yorks., 25 Oct., 1836; d. Eangoon, 1869. M.D. Edin., 1858. 

Collected in N. China, Burmah, Malaya, &c. Plants, MSS., 

and drawings at Kew. Journ. Bot. 1870, 63 ; Trans. Bot. 

Soc. Edin. xi. 36 ; E. S. C. viii. 309. Maingaya Oliv. 
Malcolm, William (fl. 1778-1805). F.L.S.,1805. Nurseryman. 

Of Kensington. * Catalogue of Plants,* 1778. Malcomia Br. 
Mangles, James (d. 1867) : d. 18 Nov., 1867. Captain E.N. 

Entered E.N., 1816. E.E.S., 1825. * Floral Calendar,' 1839. 

Sent Swan Eiver plants to Lindley. Pritz. 202 ; Jacks. 213 ; 

Proc. E. Geogr. Soc. xii. 229. Manglesia Endl. 
Mangles, James Henry (1832-84) : b. 1832 ; d. Haslemere, 

Surrey, 24 April, 1884. Son of preceding. F.L.S., 1874. 

Grew Ehododendrons. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-6, 106. 
Mangles, Robert (fl. 1839). Brother of James Mangles. Of 

Sunninghill. Introduced many W. Australian plants. Sent 

Swan Eiver plants to Lindley. Manglesia Endl. 
Mann, R. J. (fl. 1840-56). * El. of Central Norfolk,' Mag. Nat. 

Hist. iv. (1840) 390. * Guide to Vegetable Kingdom,' 1856. 

Jacks. 44; E. S. C. iv. 216. 
Manningham, Rev. Thomas (d. 1750) : d. Slinfold, Sussex, 

May, 1750; bur. Slinfold. M.A. ; D.D. Eector of Slinfold, 

1711. Prebendary of Westminster. Friend of Dillenius. 

** Eeally curious and diligent botanist," Sherard in Eich. 

Corr. 180. ** A very nice botanist," Phil. Trans, xxvii. 375. 

9 



114 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Introduced rare plants at Slinfold, * Sussex Archaeological 
Collections,' xxxiii. 198. K. Syn. iii. Pref. 

Mantell^ Gideon Algernon (1790-1852): b Lewes, Sussex, 
3 Feb., 1790 ; d. London, 11 Nov., 1852. F.L.S., 1813 ; 
F.K.S., 1825 ; M.D. Practised in Lewes, Brighton, and 
Clapham. Palaeontologist. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 235 ; Jacks. 
577 ; E. S. C. iv. 219 ; Burke, Colonial Gentry, 176. 

Maplet, Rev- John (d. 1592). B.A. Camb., 1563; M.A. 
Camb., 1567. Eector of Great Lees, Essex, 1568; of 
Northall, Middlesex, 1576. * A Green Forest,' 1567. Pult. 
i. 86 ; Jacks. 26 ; Cooper, Athen. Cantabrig. ii. 135. 

Marcet^ Jane^ nee Haldimand (1785-1858) : b. Geneva, 1785 ; 
d. London, 28 June, 1858. * Conversations on Veg. Physi- 
ology,' 1829. Pritz. 203 ; Jacks. 577. 

Markwick, William (d. 1813). Of Catsfield, Sussex. F.L.S., 
1792. Correspondent of Gilbert White. Contributed *PlantaB 
Sussexienses ' to Linn. Soc. 1802, a volume of drawings and 
MS. descriptions, w. some specimens of British grasses ; and 

* Florula Canadensis,' 3 vols, of figures and MS. descriptions 
from dried specimens, now in Linn. Soc. Library. Zoologist, 
1890, 335. 

Marsden, William (1754-1836) : b. Verval, Ireland, 16 Nov.^ 
1754 ; d. Edgegrove, Herts, 6 Oct., 1836. F.K.S. Secretary 
to the Admiralty, 1795. Collected in Sumatra, Bencoulen, 
1771-79. * History of Sumatra,' p. 94, &c., 1783 (plates 
by B. W. Marsden), 1810. Letters in Banks. Corresp. vi. 
(29 Oct., 1789), &c. Plants at Brit. Mus. Mem. Wern. 
Soc. i. 29 ; Proc. Eoy. Soc. iii. 436. Marsdenia Br. 

Marsh, Rev. Thomas Orlebar (1749-1831) : b. Felmersham,. 
Beds., 1749; d. same place, 25 Dec, 1831. Vicar of 
Stevington, Beds. F.L.S., 1797. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. (t. 
499) and to Abbot's Flora Bedfordiensis. Gent. Mag. 1832, 
i. 281. 

Marshall^ Henry (fl. 1823-36.) Surgeon to the Forces. In 
Ceylon. 'Coco-nut tree,' Edinburgh, 1836. Pritz. 203; 
Jacks. 208 : E. S. C. iv. 250. 

Marshall, Humphrey (1722-1801) : b. West Bradford, Penn- 
sylvania, 10 Oct., 1722 ; d. same place, 5 Nov., 1801. 
Cousin of John Bartram. Founded Marshallton Bot. Gard. 

* Arbustum americanum,' 1785. Plants in Herb. Brit. Mus. 
Jacks. 359 ; * Memorials of John Bartram and H.M,,' 1849. 
Marshallia Schreb. 

Marshall, James (fi. 1625-1705). Surgeon. Sent plants from 
Virginia to Petiver (Mus. Pet. n. 178) and Plukenet (Amalth. 
102). 

Marshall, WUliam (1815-90) : b. Ely, 1815 ; d. Ely, 4 Feb., 
1890 ; bur. cemetery, Ely. Solicitor. * New Water Weed 
(Anacharis)/ 1852; * Botany' in Miller and Skertchley's 
^Fenland,' 1878. Contrib. to Phyt. ii. 284, and iv. 705; 
Journ. Bot. 1882, 284. Pritz. 204 ; Jacks. 578 ; E. S. C. iv. 
251, viii. 339. 

Marsham, Robert (1707-94) : b. 1707 ; d. Stratton, Norfolk, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 115 

4 Sept., 1794. T.E.S. Papers on growth on trees in Phil. 
Trans, li.-lxxi. (1751-97). Kept Calendar of Nat. Pheno- 
mena more than fifty years. Banksian Correspondence, vi. 

' Martin, George Anne (1807 ?7-67) : b. 1807; d. Ventnor, 7 Jan., 
1867. Of Ventnor. F.B.S. Edin., 1836. M.D. Edin., 1837. 
* Undercliff of I. of Wight,' 1849. Jacks. 254 ; Trans. Bot. 
Soc. Edin. ix. 90. 

Martin, John (1783 ?-1855) : b. Tyldesley, Lane, 1783?; d. 
Tyldesley, 13 Aug., 1855. Hand-loom weaver. " An accurate 
botanist," Sir W. J. Hooker. Phyt. i. 199 ; Cash, 108 ; Bux- 
ton, Bot. Guide Manchester, xxiv. 

Martin, William (1767-1810) : b. Mansfield, Notts., 1767 ; d. 
1810. F.L.S., 1796. ' Petrificata Derbiensia,' 1809. 

Martyn, John (1699-1768) : b. London, 1699 ; d. Chelsea, 29 
Jan., 1768; bur. Chelsea Churchyard. F.E.S., 1727. Prac- 
tised medicine in Bishopsgate, 1727-30 ; and in Chelsea, 
1730-52. Professor of Bot., Cambridge, 1733-61. Friend 
of Dr. Sherard, 1719. *Bavius' of Garth's Dispensary. 
Translated Tournefort's * History of pi. about Paris,' 1720. 
Founded Bot. Soc, Lond., 1721-6. Lectured in London, 
1729. * Methodus pi. circa Cantabrigiam,' 1727, *Historia 
pi. rarior.' 1728-32. Herbarium bequeathed to Cambridge 
Univ. Vol. of correspondence in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. 
Pult. ii. 207; Bees; Pritz. 206; Jacks. 578; Memoir by 
Thomas Martyn, 1770 ; Gorham. Martynia. 

Martyn, Rev- Thomas (1736 ?-1825) : b. Chelsea, 1736?; d. 
Pertenhall, Cambridge, 3 June, 1825. Son of preceding. 
B.A. Camb., 1756; M.A., 1759; B.D., 1766; F.E.S., 1786; 
F.L.S., 1788. Prof. Bot., Cambridge, 1762. ' PlantsB Can- 
tab.,' 1763. ' Catal. Hort. Cantab.,' 1771. ' Flora Eustica,' 
1792-4. Edited MiUer^s Dictionary, 1803-7. Pritz. 207; 
Jacks. 578 ; K. S. C. iv. 270 ; Gorham ; Nich. Anecd. iii. 
156 ; Nich. Illust. v. 752 ; Gent. Mag. xcv. ii. 85 ; Journ. 
Hort. xxi. 1876, 76, with portr. Painting by Eussel, engr. 
by Vendramini, 1799, in Thornton's Botany, also engraved 
by HoU, 1799. Copy at Kew. 

Mason (fl. 1696). Surgeon. Sent plants from Angola to Petiver. 
(Mus. Pet. n. 176). Herb. Sloane, xxxii. pp. 99-118. 

Mason, Rev. Francis (1799-1874) : b. York, 2 April, 1799 ; d. 
Eangoon, Burma, 3 March, 1874. D.D., Brown University. 
In United States, 1818-30. Missionary in Burma from 1830. 
' Flora Burmanica,' 1851. Pritz. 207 ; Jacks. 379 ; E. S. C. 
iv. 276 ; * Story of a working-man's life ' (autobiog.), 1870 ; 
Eipley and Dana, Americ. Cyclop. 

Mason, Nathaniel Haslope (d. I860?). F.L.S., 1856. Col- 
lected in Madeira, 1856. Pubhshed sets of Madeira Ferns. 

Masson, Francis (1741-1805 or 6) : b. Aberdeen, Aug., 1741 ; 
d. Montreal, Dec, 1805, or Jan., 1806. F.L.S., 1796. Gar- 
dener. First collector sent out from Kew. To the Cape, 
1772-3 ; the Canaries and Azores, 1778 ;* the Cape and in- 
terior, with Thunberg, 1786-95 ; New York and Montreal, 
1798. 'Stapelise novaB,' 1796. Eees ; Pritz. 208; Jacks. 



116 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

144 ; [E. S. C. iv. 279, but by error] ; Journ. Bot. 1884, 114, 
144 ; 1885, 227 ; 1886, 335 ; Smith Corr. ii. 117, 183 ; Linn. 
Corr. ii. 559 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 333 ; Cott. Gard. viii. 
286 ; Phil. Trans. Ixvi. ; Loudon, * Arboretum,' 83. Plants 
and drawings in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Oil portrait at Linn. 
Soc. Massonia L. 

Masters, J. W. (fl. 1838-48). Head Gardener, H.E.I.C. Gar- 
den, Calcutta, to 1838. ' Calcutta Flora,' Agric. Soc. India 
Trans, vii. (1840) ; * Flora of Naga Hills,' Journ. Asiat. Soc. 
Bengal, xiii. (1844) ; * Plants of Upper Assam,' Agric. Soc. 
India Journ. vi. (1848). MSS. and plants at Kew. E. S. C. 
iv. 280. 

Masters, William (1796-1874) : b. Canterbury, 7 July, 1796 ; 
d, St. Peter's, Canterbury, 26 Sept., 1874. Nurseryman, 
Founded Canterbury Museum, 1823. Hon. Curator, 1823-46. 
* Hortus Duroverni,' ed. 3, 1831. Hybridised Passion-flowers, 
Aloes, Cacti, &c. Had garden arranged on Natural System. 
Gard. Chron. 1874, ii. 437. Bust by Weekes in Canterbury 
Museum. 

Mateer, William (fl. 1836-46). M.D. Prof. Bot. Belfast 
Academical Institution. Collected plants in North of Ire- 
land. Stewart & Corry, ' Flora N.E. Ireland,' xv. 

Mathew, William (fl. 1793-1825). Of Bury St. Edmunds. 
F.L.S., 1797. Contributed largely to Eng. Bot. 1793-9. 

Mathews^ Andrew (d. 1841) : d. Chachapoyas, Peru, 24 Nov., 
1841. A.L.S., 1825. Gardener at Chiswick. Collector in 
Peru and Chili, 1833-41 : drew many of the plants he col- 
lected. Plants at Oxford, Brit. Mus. and Kew. Proc. Linn. 
Soc. i. 173; LasSgue, 255; E. S. C. iv. 282; Comp. Bot. 
Mag. 17, 305; Journ. Bot. 1834, 176; 1842, 392. Mathewsia 
Hook. & Arn. 

Mathews^ John (fl. 1788). Collected at Sierra Leone. * Voyage 
to Sierra Leone,' 1788. Vallot, * Etudes sur la Flore de 
S^n^gal,' p. 24. 

Maton, William George (1774-1835) : b. Salisbury, 31 Jan., 
1774 ; d. Spring Gardens, London, 30 March, 1835 ; bur. St, 
Martin's-in-the-Fields. B.A. Oxon, 1794; M.A., 1797; 
M.D., 1801; F.E.C.P., 1803; F.L.S., 1794; F.E.S. *Uses 
of Pinus ' in Lambert's * Pinus,' pp. 65-82. * Natural Hist, 
of Western Counties,' 1797. * Animals and plants round 
Salisbury,' in Hoare's ' South Wiltshire,' p. 654. * Nat. Hist. 
Wilts' (posth.), 1843. Jacks. 259; E. S. C. iv. 285; Biog. 
Sketch, by Dr. Paris, 1838 ; Smith Corr. ii. 121 ; Munk, 
iii. 6 ; Nich. Illust. viii. p. xlv. ; Gent. Mag. 1837, i. 173. 
Monument, Salisbury Cathedral. Bust at Linn. Soc. Portr. 
at Kew and at Eoyal Coll. Physicians. Matonia Br. 

Matthew, Patrick (fl. 1831). Of Errol, Scotland. ' Naval 
Timber and Aboriculture,' 1831. Jacks. 207; K. S. C. iv. 294. 

Maude, M. P- (fl. 1848). * Scripture Natural History,' 1848. 
Tacks 484 

Maughan, Robert (fl. 1809-41) : b. Edinburgh. F.L.S., 1809. 
Went to London, 1840. * List of rarer pi. of Edinburgh,' 



BEITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 117 

1810. Orig. Memb. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1836. Mem. Wern. Soc. 
i. 215, 626 ; E. S. C. iv. 298 ; GreviUe, Fl. Edin. vi. 

Maund, Benjamin (1790-1863): b. 1790; d. Sandown, I. of 
Wight, 21 April, 1863. F.L.S., 1827. Druggist and book- 
seller. at Bromsgrove, Warwicksh. Contributed to Phytol. i. 
45. * Botanic Garden,' 1825 (original drawings in Bot. Dept., 
Brit. Mus.). ' The Botanist ' [with J. S. Henslow] , 1837. 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1863-4, xxx. ; Pritz. 210 ; Jacks. 579. 

Mavor, Rev. William Fordyce (1758-1837) : b. New Deer, 
Aberdeen, 1 Aug., 1758; d. Woodstock, Oxon?, 29 Dec, 
1837. LL.D. Aberd., 1789. Assistant in school at Burford, 
Oxford, 1775. Ordained, 1781. Vicar of Hurley, Berks^ 
1789 ; Stonesfield, Oxon ; Eector and Mayor of Woodstock. 

* Botanical Pocket-book,' 1800. ' Gen. View of Agriculture 
of Berks' (w. list of plants), 1809. * Description of Blen- 
heim ' (w. list of plants), . Sent notes on pi. to Baxter. 

* SpeUing-book,' 1801. Pritz. 210 ; Jacks. 35 ; Cott. Gard. 
viii. 221. 

[Mawe^ Thomas (fl. 1778). Gardener to Duke of Leeds. 

* Universal Gardener and Botanist,' published in his name, 
but written by John Abercrombie, 1778. Johns. Gard. Diet. 
220 222 1 

Mawson, Thomas William (1850 ?-76) : b. 1850 ? ; d. Burn- 

ingham, Yorks., 16 Sept., 1876. M.D. Edin. ; F.B.S. Ed., 

1869. Went to Surinam. * Ferns of Derwent,' Trans. Bot. 

Soc. Edin. xi. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiii. 10. 
Maxwell^ E. (d. before 1839). Lieut. 11th Dragoons. Collected 

in Kunawar, 1825. Eoyle, Illustr. 52. Thalictrum Maxwellii 

Eoyle. 
Maxwell, G. (1805 ?-80) : b. 1805 ? ; d. King George's Sound, 

1880. Collector of plants and insects in Australia for thirty 

years. Gard. Chron. 1880, i. 433 ; Fl. Austral, i. 14. Erio- 

stemon Maxwelli F. v. M. 
Maycock, James Dottin (d. 1839-40). Eesident in Barbadoes 

for many years. M.D. ; F.L.S., 1829. * Flora Barbadensis,' 

1830. Cat. of pi. in Halliday's ' West Indies,' 1837. Pritz. 

210 ; Jacks. 369 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 72 ; E. S. C. iv. 305. 

Maycockia A. DC. 
Meen, Margaret (fl. 1790). Botanical artist. 'Exotic Plants 

from Eoyal Gardens at Kew,' 1790. 
Meeson^ Henry Ashton (fl. 1836-46). Of . Grays, Essex. 

M.D.; Memb. Bot. Soc. London. *0n Formation of Leaves,* 

Ann. & Mag. iv. (1840), 137. 
Meller, Charles James (1836 ?-69): b. 1836; d. Berrima, 

Sydney, 26 Feb., 1869. M.E.C.S., 1857; F.L.S., 1867. 

Travelled in Africa with Livingstone, and in Madagascar. 

Superintendent, Bot. Gardens, Mauritius. Plants at Kew. 

Joum. Bot. 1869, 212 ; E. S. C. iv. 330 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 

1869-70, cii. Mellera S. Moore. 
Mellor, John (1767-1848); b. Eoyton, Lane, 1767 ; d. Eoyton, 

Oct., 1848 ; bur. Eoyton. " Father of working-men botanists 

of Lancashire." Hand-loom weaver and cotton-spinner. 



118 BIOGEAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Afterwards working nurseryman. Member Eochdale Bot. 
Soc. Cash, 90 ; Cott. Gard. i. 74 ; Buxton, Bot. Guide 
Manchester, ix. 

Melville^ Andrew Smith (d. 1876). Of Galway. Lecturer 
on Bot. and Geology, Edin. School of Arts, 1876. ' Athe- 
naeum,' July 22, 1876, p. 119. 

Melville, Robert (1723-1809) : b, Monimail, Fife, 12 Oct., 1723; 
d. 20 Aug., 1809, Brigadier-General. Governor of the West 
Indies. F.K.S. Founded St. Vincent Bot. Garden, 1765. 
Eose, Biog. Diet. ; Appleton, Cyclop. Americ. Biog. Melvilla 
And. = Cuphea, 

Menzies, Archibald (1754-1842)': b. Weem, Perthshire, 15 
March, 1754; d. London, 15 Feb., 1842. Gardener, Bot. 
Gard., Edin. Assistant- Surgeon, K.N. Surgeon and natu- 
ralist to Vancouver, 1790-5. F.L.S., 1790. Introduced 
Araucaria imbricatay 1796. Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit, 
and at Kew. Imperial Diet, of Univ. Biog. ; Smith Corr. 
ii. 272 ; Fl. Tasmania, cxiv. ; * Bot. of Geol. Survey of Cali- 
fornia,' 553 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 139 ; Lasegue, 366 ; E. S. C. 
iv. 345. Portr. at Kew, and oil portr. by Eddis at Linn. 
Soc. Menziesia Sm. 

Merrett, Christopher (1614-95) : b. Winchcombe, Gloucester, 
16 Feb., 1614 ; d. Hatton Garden, 19 Aug., 1695 ; bur. St, 
Andrew's, Holborn. B.A. Oxon, 1635 ; M.D., 1643; F.E.C.P., 
1651-81; F.E.S., 1666. 'Musei Harviani custos,' 1654-66. 
* Pinax rerum naturalium Britannicarum,' 1666. Plants in 
Herb. Sloane, 33, 34. Pult. i. 290-7; Pritz. ed. 1, 190; 
Jacks. 580; Wood, Athen. Oxon. ed. Bliss, iv., coll. 430-2; 
Munk, i. 258 ; Smith, Bng. Flora, i. pref. vii. viii. ; Thom- 
son's Eoy. Soc. 22 ; Alumn. Oxon. Merrettia Gray. 

Merrifield, Mary Philadelphia {nee Watkins) (1804-89): 
b. Brompton, London, 15 April, 1804; d. Stapleiord, Cambs., 
4 Jan., 1889 ; bur. Stapleford. Algologist. * Nat. Hist. 
Brighton,' 1860. *List of Marine Algae at Brighton,' Phyt. 
vi. n.s. 513. * Nitophyllum versicolor j' Joum. Linn. Soc. xiv. 
421. Jacks. 249 ; E. S. C. iv. 351 ; Journ. Bot. 1889, 160. 
J^errifieJ/dicL Asr 

Meyrick, William (fl. 1755 ?-94). Of Birmingham. * New 
Family Herbal,' 1789. ' MisceUaneous Botany,' 1794. Pritz. 
ed. 1, 192 ; Jacks. 200. 

Middleton^ W. (fl. 1812). Discovered Senecio lividus. Eng. 
Bot. t. 2515; Baines, Fl. Yorks., pref. Plants in Herb. 
Yorks. Phil. Soc. 

Miers, John (1789-1879) : b. London, 25 Aug., 1789 ; d. Ken- 
sington, 17 Oct., 1879. F.L.S., 1839 ; F.E.S., 1843. Grand 
Cross of Eose of Brazil. In S. America, 1819-38. In Chile 
and La Plata, 1825. * Travels in S. America.' Monographs 
of BurmanniacecB, &c., Linn. Trans. 1851, &c. * Menisper- 
macecB,* Ann. & Mag. 1864-7. ' Contributions to Bot.' 3 vols. 
1861, 1869, & 1871. Herbarium of 20,000 sheets, and MSS. 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Pritz. 217 ; Jacks. 580 ; E. S. C. iv. 
382; vii. 402; Journ. Bot. 1880, 33, with portr.; Gard. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 119 

Chron. 1879, i. 522. Coloured photo, at Linn. Soc. Miersia 
Lindl. 

lUill^ G. G. (fl. 1844:). Brother of following. On Dissemination 
of Seeds, and List of Marlow Plants in Phyt. i. (1844). 
E. S. C. iv. 387. 

Mill, John Stuart (1806-73) : b. near Montrose, 20 May, 1806 ; 
d. Avignon, 8 May, 1873 ; bur. Avignon. M.P. for West- 
minster, 1865. Logician and economist. Contributed to 
* Phytol.' from 1841, and n.s. ; and to the ' Flora of Surrey.' 
Left MS. Notes for Fl. of Avignon. Found Imjpatiens fulva 
at Albury, 1822. Herbarium presented to Kew and Harvard, 
1876. E. S. C. iv. 387 ; * Notices of [his] Life and Work,' 
1873 ; Journ. Bot. 1873, 191. Monument on Thames Embank- 
ment. Sedum Millii Baker. 

Millar, Rev. James (1762-1827) : b. Ayr, 1872 ; d. Edin- 
burgh?, 13 July, 1827. M.D. Edin. ; F.E.C.P. Edin. Lect. 
Nat. Hist., Edinburgh. * Guide to Botany,' 1818. *Eose 
of Jericho,' Phil. Mag. Iviii. 361 (1821). Edited 4th ed. 
'Encyc. Brit.' Jacks. 36; E. S. C. iv. 387; Eose ; Alli- 
bone. 

Millar, Robert (fl. 1736). Central American and W. Indian 
plants, 1736, Herb. Sloane, 296-9, 316. 

Millen, William (fl. 1851). Of Belfast. List of Belfast plants 
in Phyt. iv. 363 ; v. 185, 363. E. S. C. iv. 388. 

Miller, Charles (1739-1817) : b. Chelsea ?, 1739 ; d. London, 
1817. Yoimger son of Philip Miller. First Curator of Cam- 
bridge Bot. Gard., 1762-70. Went to India, Sumatra, &c., 
1770, and settled at Bencoolen. Experimented on cultiva- 
tion of Wheat. Letters to J. Martyn in Bot. Dept., Brit. 
Mus. Gorham, 114; Account of Sumatra in Phil. Trans. 
Ixviii. 160 ; Eees, under PhiUp Miller. 

Miller, John (= Johann Sebastian Muller (1715-8-?): b. 
Nurnberg, 1715 ; d. London, 178-. Settled in London, 1760. 
Eose says, '*He died in 1783." Engraver. * Illustratio System. 
Sexual. Linn.,' 1777, with portr. Pritz. 227 ; Jacks. 584 ; 
Eose ; Gard. Chron. vii. 255 (1890). 5 vols, of drawings in 
Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus., dated 1783-4. 

Miller, John Frederick (fl. 1776-94). Son of preceding. 
*Icones animalium et plantarum,' 1776-94. Original draw- 
ings in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Pritz. 217 : Jacks. 112. 

Miller, John Samuel (fl. 1817-28). Nurseryman. A.L.S., 
1817. Of Bristol. Herbarium in City Library, Bristol? 
? Author of *Nat. Hist, of Crinoidea,' Bristol, 1821. Dr. 
John Evans, ' Picture of Bristol,' ed. 4, 1828. 

Miller, Joseph (1748). Apothecary. Demonstrator at Chelsea, 
1740-8. * Botanicum Officinale,' 1722. MS. Icones Plant- 
arum at Apothecaries' Hall. Herbarium in 22 vols. Pritz. 
217 ; Jacks. 581 ; Eich. Corr. 188 ; Semple, 67 ; Gent. Mag. 
1748,187. 

Miller, Philip (1691-1771) : b. Deptford or Greenwich, 1691; d.' 
Chelsea, 18 Dec, 1771 ; bur. Chelsea Churchyard. Gar- 
dener at Chelsea, 1722-70. '* Hortulanorum princeps." 



120 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

' Gardener's Dictionary,' 1731, 1807. * Catalogue of Trees 
near London,' 1730 (published anonymously). * Catalogue 
pi. in hort. Chelseyano,' 1730. * Introduction to Bot.,' 1760. 
Herbarium of exotics bought by Banks, now in Mus. Brit. 
Eees; Pritz. 218; Jacks. 581; Gent. Mag. 1771, 571; 
Ixxvii, (1807), i. 520; 1828, June; Linn. Corr. i. 255; 
Nich. lUustr. i. 323 ; Semple, 79 ; Felton, 138 ; Cott. Gard. 
V. 157 ; vii. 109 ; Journ. Hort. xxi. (1876) 75 ; Loudon, 
* Arboretum,' 81. Fancy engr. by MaiUet in * Dictionnaire 
des Jardiniers,' 1785. Portr. Kew. Inscribed column, 1815, 
in Chelsea Churchyard. Milleria L. 

Millett, Charles (fl. 1834). Collected in Macao and China. 
M.D. Of Canton, Ceylon, and Malabar. Sent plants to 
his friend, W. J. Hooker. Bot. Mag. 3058. Plants in Herb. 
Kew. Millettia Wight & Arn. 

MiUigan^ Joseph (1807-83 ?) : b. Dumfriesshire, 1807 ; d. Tas- 
mania?, 1883?. M.K.C.S. Edin., 1829; F.L.S., 1850. Of 
Hobart Town. Went to Tasmania, 1830. Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1883-B, 36 ; Fl. Tasmania, cxxvii. ; E. S. C. iv. 393. Milli- 
gania Hook. f. (1840) = G^mnera, Milligania Hook. f. 
(1853). 

Milligan, William John (1849 ?-87) : b. North of Ireland, 
1849?; d. Glasgow, 14 June, 1887. Vice-President Nat. 
Hist. Soc. Glasgow, 1879. Proc. N.H.S. Glasgow, ii. (n.s.) 
xxxiii. 

Millington^ Sir Thomas (1628-1704): b. Newbury, Berks., 
1628; d. 5 Jan., 1704; bur. Gosfield Church, Essex. B.A. 
Camb., 1649; M.A., 1657; M.D. Oxon, 1659; F.E.C.P., 
1672; Pres., 1696-1704; F.E.S. Sedleian Professor, Ox- 
ford, 1675. Eoyal Physician. Knighted, 1680. * Machaon ' 
of Garth's * Dispensary.' Pult. i. 336; Munk, i. 363 ; Stilling- 
fleet. Tracts, pref . xi. ; Alumn. Westm. ; Alumn. Oxon. Portr* 
at E.C.P. Millingtonia Eoxb. = Meliosma, MilUngtonia 
Linn. f. 

Milne, Rev. Colin (1743?-1815) : b. Aberdeen, 1743?; d. Dept- 
ford, 2 Oct., 1815. LL.D., Aberdeen. Eector (non-resident) 
of North Chapel, Sussex. Preached Fairchild sermon. 
'Botanical Dictionary,' 1770. * Institutes of Bot.,' 1771. 
' Indigenous Bot.,' 1793. Pritz. 218 ; Jacks. 581 ; Cott. Gard. 
viii. 185 ; Johnson, 232. Milnea Eoxb. = Aglaia. 

Milne^ Joshua (d. 1851) : d. Upper Clapton, London, 4 Jan., 
1851. Actuary. F.L.S. Studied mosses and hepatics. Proc. 
Linn. Soc. ii. 136. 

Milne, Thomas (fl. 1795-1837 or 38). Curator Oxford Bot. 
Garden before 1796. A.L.S., 1795. Contrib. to With. Arr. 
ed. 3 (i. xii.). 

Milne, William Grant (d. 1866) : d. Creek Town, Old Calabar, 
3 May, 1866. Of Edin. Bot. Garden. Botanist to Expedi- 
tion of H.M.S. ' Herald ' to Fiji, 1856. Letters on Viti Levu 
in Joum. Bot. 1857, 106. Collected on W. coast of Africa 
from 1862. Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. viii. 485; 1866, 272; E. S. C. iv. 396; viii. 408; 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 121 

Gard. Chron. 1866, 731; Fl. Vitiensis vii. Polypodium Milnei 
Hook. 

Milner^ Mary (fl. 1848). Of Appleby, Westmoreland. Author 
of Life of Dean Milner. * The Garden, the Grove, and the 
Field ' (pub. at Bath, c. 1848-52). 

Mitchell, Anna Helena (1794-1882) : b. Gothenburg, Sweden, 
22 May, 1794; d. Montrose, Forfarsh., 14 Jan., 1882; bur. 
St. Peter's, Montrose. Marine zoologist, lichenologist, and 
algologist. Worked with Gilchrist and Croall. Herbarium 
in possession of her nephew, James Keogh, Exeter. Dupli- 
cates in Montrose Museum. 

Mitchell, James (fl. 1838). E.N. Described Mentha crispa for 
Eng. Bot. t. 2785. 

Mitchell, John (d. 1772). M.D.?of Leyden, 1712, 'Scotus.' 
F.E.S. Of London. In Virginia, c. 1700-48. Correspondent 
of Linnaeus. ' De Principiis Botanicorum,' 1769. ' Nova PI. 
Genera,' 1741. Letters in Linn. Corresp. ii. 442. Pult. ii. 
278 ; Pritz. 219 ; Jacks. 206 ; Darlington, Memorials of Bar- 
tram, 363 ; AUibone. Mitchella L. 

Mitchell, John (fl. 1827). Of Stanstead, Sussex, and Keighley, 
Yorks. 'Dendrologia,' 1827. 

Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone (1792-1855) : b. Craigend, 
Stirling, 1792 ; d. Sydney, 5 Oct., 1855. Lieut.-Col. E.A. 
Surveyor-general, N.S.W. D.C.L. Oxon, 1839; F.E.S., 1839. 
Knighted, 1839. * Expeditions into Eastern Austraha ' (1831- 
36), 1838. Plants presented to Brit. Mus., also in Herb. Kew. 
Pritz. 219 ; Las^gue, 497 ; WooUs, Progress Bot. Discovery 
in Australia (1869), 23; Fl. Tasm. cxx. ; AUibone; lUustr. 
London News, 1855, w. portr. Capparis Mitchellii Lindl. 

Mitchell, William (d. 1873) : d. Edinburgh, 10 April, 1873. 
Ass. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1858. City Missionary. Papers in 
Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. vi. and x., on Internodes, &c. E. S. C. 
iv. 410 ; viii. 411 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. 29. 

Moggridge, John Traheme (1842-74) : b. Woodfield, Mon- 
mouth, 8 March, 1842; d. Mentone, 24 Nov., 1874. F.L.S., 
1869. Son of the following. Grandson of L. W. DiUwyn. 
* Flora of Mentone,' 1867. Plants at Kew. Pritz. 220; 
Jacks. 581 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1874-8, Ixi. ; E. S. C. viii. 415 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1875, 63 ; Gard. Chron. 1874, ii. 723. 

Moggridge, Matthew (1803-82) : b. 16 July, 1803 ; d. Ken- 
' sington, 14 July, 1882. F.L.S., 1877. Son-in-law of L. W. 
DiUwyn. Collected plants for *F1. of Mentone.' Proc. Linn. 
Soc. 1882-3, 42 ; E. S. C. iv. 421 ; viii. 416. 

Molesworth^ Caroline (1794-1872) : b. Pencarrow, Cornwall, 
4 Nov., 1794; d. Cobham, Surrey, 29 Dec, 1872. * The Cob- 
ham Journals,' 1880 (her observations at Cobham, 1825-50). 
Herbarium (Brit, and foreign) at Kew. Journ. Bot. 1874, 
209 ; 1882, 28; Introd. to * Cobham Journals.' 

MoUoy^ Mrs. (fl. 1855). Of Swan Eiver Colony. Sent plants 
to Kew. Journ. Bot. 1855, 382. Molloya Meisn, = Grevillea, 

Molyneux, Sir Thomas (1660-1733): b. Dublin?, 1660; d. 
19 Oct., 1733. ** Physician to the State." B.A. Dublin, 



122 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1680; M.D., 1687; F.R.S. Professor of Physic, Dublin 
University. Senior Physician to the Forces. Bart. Appen- 
dix to Threlkeld's ' Synopsis ' (pp. 22), 1727. Pult. ii. 196 ; 
HcBfer. ; Michaud ; Gent. Mag. 1733, 607. 

Monson^ Lady Ann (d. before 1819). Botanised at the Gape 
with Thunberg and Masson, and also in India. Helped Lee 
in his * Introduction.' Thunberg, Fl. Gap. 7 ; Rees, under 
Monsonia. Mansonia L. 

Montgomery, J. (fi. 1837). Gat. Renfrewshire plants in N. 
Guide, 417 (1837). Top. Bot. 650. 

Moon, Alexander (d. 1825). Superintendent, Geylon Bot. 
Garden, 1817-25. * Catalogue of Geylon Plants,' 1824. 
Drawings in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Pritz. 223; Jacks. 395. 
Moonia Am. := Chrysogonum. 

Moorcroft, William (d. 1825) : b. Lancashire ; d. Andhko, 
Afghanistan, 27 Aug., 1825; bur. Balkh. Veterinary Sur- 
geon. Inspector of Gavalry horses to H.E.I.G. In India 
from 1808. Gollected and travelled with Wallich in Nepal. 
TraveUed in N.W. India, &c., 1819-25. 'Travels' [with 
George Trebeck], ed. H. H. Wilson, 1841, with biog. Plants 
in Brit. Mus. K. S. G. iv. 455 ; Eoyle lUustr. 2 ; Hoefer. 
Moorcroftia Ghois. = Lettsomia. 

Moore^ David (1807-79): b Dundee, 1807; d. Glasnevin, 
Dublin, 9 June, 1879. Ph.D. Zurich, 1863 ; A.L.S., 1840 ; 
F.L.S., 1861. Botanist to Ordnance Survey of Ireland, 1834. 
Director of Eoyal Gard., Glasnevin, 1838. ' Botany of 
Londonderry,' 1837. 'British Grasses,' 1850. ' Gybele 
Hibernica' [with A. G. More], 1866. 'Synopsis of Irish 
Mosses,' 1873. * Eeport on Irish Hepaticse/ Proc. E. I. A. 
ser. 2, ii. 591, 1877. Irish plants at Glasnevin. Pritz. 223 ; 
Jacks. 582 ; R. S. G. iv. 456 ; viii. 430 ; Journ. Bot. 1879, 
224 ; Gard. Ghron., with portr., 1871, 739 ; 1879, i. 757 ; 
' Garden,' with portr. xiii. 1878; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiv. 
37. Portr. at Kew. Bosa Moorei Baker. 

Moore, Oswald Allen (d. before 1863). Of York. MS. Fl. of 
Yorkshire, 'Top. Bot.' 550. Brit. Assoc. Eeport, 1884 
(Notices), 70; E. S. G. iv. 458; Mag. Nat. Hist. iv. (1840), 
327 ; Baker's * N. Yorkshire,' 343. 

Moore, T. (11. 1718-24). **The Pilgrim Botanist." Went to 
New England, 1722-4. Eich. Gorr. 181, 206. 

Moore, Thomas (1821-87) : b. near Guildford, Surrey, 21 May, 
1821; d. Chelsea, 1 Jan., 1887. F.L.S., 1851. Gardener, 
Eegent's Park. Gurator, Chelsea Bot. Gard., 1848. Editor 
of ' Gardener's Mag.,' 1850-51 ; of * Garden Companion,' 
1852 ; of * Floral Mag.,' 1861 ; of * Gard. Chron., 1866-82 ; of 
* Florist and Pomologist,' 1868-74; of * Orchid Album,' 
1881-7. ' British Ferns,' 1851. ' Brit. Wild Flowers,' 1867. 
Pritz. 223 ; Jacks. 582 ; E. S. C. iv. 458 ; viii. 432 ; Journ. 
Bot. 1887, 63 ; Ann. Bot. 1888, 409, with bibUog. ; Gard. 
Chron. 1882, i. 709 ; 1887, i. 48, with portr. 

More, Robert (fl. 1759). Of Shrewsbury. ** Well skilled in the 
science of botany." Mill. Diet. ed. vii. Morea Mill = Moraa. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 123 

Morgan, Edward (fl. 1660-86?). Of the ** medical garden at 
Westminster " ; ** a skilful botanist," * Evelyn's Diary,' 1658. 
** Viro in rebus botanicis baud infimee notsB accepimus,*' 
Pluk. Ahn. p. |191. Herb. Sloane, 83 (also 24-26?) ; Pluk. 
Aim. 114 ; Loudon, * Arboretum,* 50, 74. 

Morgan, Hugh (fl 1569). Apothecary to Queen Elizabeth. 
Had a bot. garden. Introduced Clematis Viticella, 1569, and 
other plants. Ger. Herbal; Lobel, 'Adversaria,' 294, 343, 
493. Morgania Br. 

Morgan^ Thomas Owen (fl. 1848-69). Of Aberystwith. 

* Flora CereticaB superioris,' 1849. Jacks. 248. 
Moriarty, Henrietta Maria (Mrs.) (fl. 1803-12). Novelist. 

* Viridarium,' 1803 (coloured plates, with names and cultural 
notes). Jacks. 407. 

Morison^ Robert (1620-83) : b. Aberdeen, 1620 ; d. London, 
9 Nov. 1683. Ph.D. Aberdeen, 1638 ; F.E.C.P.; M.D. Angers 
1648 ; Oxon, 1669. Superintendent of Duke of Orleans' 
Gard., Blois, till 1660. Keeper of Physic Garden, Oxford, 
1669. Discovered Erodium maritimum, Phil. Trans, xxvii. 
379. ' Hortus Eegius Blesensis auctus,* 1669. * Prasludia 
Botanica,' 1669. * Umbelliferarum Distributio,' 1672. 
' Plantarum Historise . . . Oxoniensis, pars 2,' 1680, with 
life by Bobart or Hearne [see Ayscough, 31989, 9], and portr. 
engr. by E. White, after Sunman. Pult. i. 298 ; Eees ; Pritz. 
225 ; Jacks. 583 ; Wood, Fasti, ii. 178, 314 ; Eich. Corr. 34 ; 
Franchet, Fl. Loire, pref. ; Alumn. Oxon. Oil-painting at 
Oxford Bot. Gard. Morisonia Plumier. 

Morland^ Sir Samuel (c. 1625-95) : b. Sulhamstead, Eeading, 
Berks., circ. 1625; d. Hammersmith, 30 Dec. 1695. Bart., 
1660. Master of Mechanics to Charles II. * Parts and Use 
of the Flower,' Phil. Trans, xxiii. 1474. Pult. i. 339 ; Pritz. 
225 ; Autobiog. in MS. at Lambeth Palace ; Eose ; Hoefer. ; 
Chalmers. 

Morley, Christopher Love (fl. 1676-1702). M.D. Leyden, 
1676; F.E.C.P., 1686. Herb, of plants from Leyden and 
Paris gardens in Herb. Sloane, 78". Munk, i. 450. 

Morris, John (1810-86): b. Homerton, 19 Feb,, 1810; d. St. 
John's Wood, 7 Jan., 1886 ; bur. Kensal Green. Hon. M.A. 
Camb., 1878 ; F.G.S., 1845. Prof. Geology, Univ. Coll., 
1855-77. ' Catalogue of Fossil Plants of Britain,' Mag. Nat. 
Hist. 1839. * Eecent and Fossil Cycadese,' Ann & Mag. 1841, 
110. * Coal-plants,' Proc. Geol. Assoc, i. ' Cretaceous Flora,' 
Pop. Sci. Eev. XV. * Fossil Fl. of Eajmahal.' Jacks. 583; 
E. S. C. iv. 485 ; Journ. Bot. 1886, 64 ; Geol. Mag. 1878, 
481, with portr. ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1885-6, 44. 

Morris, Richard (fl. 1820-30). F.L.S., 1825. Surveyor and 
Landscape Gardener. 'Botanist's Manual,' 1824. 'Flora 
Conspicua,' 1825-6. Pritz. 226; Jacks. 407. 

Morris, WUliam (d. 1764) : d. Holyhead, 1764. Comptroller 
of Customs at Holyhead. MS. 'Collection of pi. gathered 
in Anglesey.' "A good practical botanist." Davies' 

* Welsh Botanology,' vii. MS. Notes in a copy of Eay's 



124 BIOGEAPHICAL INDEX OF 

' Synopsis,' ed. 1724, in Bibl. Mus. Brit., press-mark 872, k. 
27. Eose. 

Morrison^ William (fl. 1828). Gardener. Taken to Swan 
Eiver by Governor Stirling, 1828. Sent collections to England 
for sale. Smith, Kew, 11. 

Morton, Rev. John (fl. 1674-1710). B.A. Camb., 1691 ; Oxon, 
1694; M.A., 1695; F.E.S., 1703. Eector of Oxendon 
Magna, Northants, 1706. Correspondent of Eay, Sloane. 
Llhwyd, and Woodward. ' Nat. Hist, of Northampton- 
shire,' 1712 (Plants, pp. 360-407). Copy, with his MS, 
notes, in Bibl. Mus. Brit., press-mark, 443, i. 10. Contrib. to 
E. Syn. Pult. i. 354 ; Eich. Corr. 85 ; Nich. Illustr. i. 326. 

Moseley, Harriet (fl. 1836-67). Of Malvern. 1922 Drawings 
of British Plants (1836-67) in Dept. of Botany, Brit. Mus. 
Contrib. to Lees' * Botany of Malvern,' and to Leighton's 
'Flora of Shropshire.' Lees, ' Bot. of Worcester,' xc. 

Mosely, Walter Michael (fl. 1792). Of Glashampton, Wor- 
cestersh. Sent plants to Eng. Bot. (494, 1005). 

Motley^ James (fl. 1847-55). Murdered in Borneo by Moham- 
medan settlers. Of Aberafon, Glamorganshire, and after- 
wards of Labuan. Contrib. to Phyt. ii. (1847) and Journ. 
Bot. 1847, and Carmarthen plants to Top. Bot. (551). Col- 
lected in Malaya, 1852-5. * Contrib. to Nat. Hist, of 
Labuan ' [with L. L. Dillwyn], 1855. Plants at Kew. Linn. 
Trans, xxiii. 157 ; E. S. C. iv. 495. Barclay a MotUyi Hook. f. 

Mountmorris^ Earl of [see Annesley, GeobgeI. 

Mudd, William (1830-79): b. Bedale, Yorkshire, 1830; d. 
Cambridge, April, 1879. A.L.S., 1868. Gardener at Great 
Ayton, Cumberland. Curator, Cambridge Bot. Gard., 1850?- 
1879. * Manual of Brit. Lichens,' 1861, and 3 fasciculi of 
100 specimens each. Pritz. 226 ; Jacks. 243 ; E. S. C. iv. 
502; Gard. Chron. 1879, 558; Journ. Bot. 1879, 160 ; Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin. xiv. 40; Guardian, 1879, 556. 

Mudie, Robert (1777-1842) : b. Forfarshire, 28 June, 1777 ; d. 
Pentonville, London, 29 April, 1842. Journalist. * Botanic 
Annual,' 1832. * Gleanings of Nature,' 1838. Pritz. 226; 
Jacks, 471 ; Hoefer; ?E. S. C. iv. 502. 

Munby, Giles (1813-76) : b. York, 1813 ; d. Farnham, Surrey, 
1876. Gold Medallist, Edin. Univ. Orig. Memb. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. Pupil of Adrien de Jussieu. ' Nat. Hist, of Dijon,' 
Mag. Nat. Hist. 1835, 113. In Algeria, 1839-47. ' Flore de 
I'Alg^rie,' 1847. ' Catalogus,' 1859, ed. 2, 1866. Distributed 
fasciculi of Algerian plants. Herb, at Kew. Pritz. 228 ; 
Jacks. 585 ; E. S. C. iv. 542 ; viii. 470 ; Gard. Chron. 1876, 
i. 539, and, with portr., ii. 261 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiii. 
13 ; Journ. Bot. 14, 160 ; Compend. Fl. Atlant. i. 73. Portr. 
at Kew. Munhya Pomel = Psoralea, Munhya Boiss = 
Macrotomia, 

Munford^ Rev. George (c. 1794-1871): b. Great Yarmouth, 
Norfolk, c. 1794 ; d. East Winch, near Lynn, Norfolk, 17 
May, 1871 ; bur. East Winch. Of Magdalen Hall, Oxon. 
Vicar, East Winch, 1849. ' Flowering Plants of W. Norfolk,' 



BEITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 125 

Ann. & Mag. viii. (1841), 71. Botany in White's Hist. Nor- 
folk, 1863. E. S. C. iv. 544; Trans. Norf. Norw. Soc. 1872, 12. 

Munro, Donald (d. 1853): b. Scotland; d. 2 April, 1853. 
Gardener under G. Don. F.L.S., 1821. Gardener to Hort. 
Soc. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 237 ; E. S. C. iv. 545. 

Munro^ William (c. 1816-80): b. Druidstoke, Gloucestersh., 
circ. 1816; d. Montys Court, Taunton, 29 Jan., 1880. General, 
39th Eegt. C.B. F.L.S.,1840. Collected in Madras, Bengal, 
and Himalaya. ' Bambusese,' Linn. Trans. 1870. ' Timber 
Trees of Bengal,' 1847. 'Himalayan Primroses,' Garden, 
1879. Herbarium and MSS. at Kew. Pritz. 228; Jacks. 
451; E. S. C. iv. 545; vii. 471; Joum. Bot. 1880, 96; Gard. 
Chron. 1880, xiii. 169; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xiv. 158. 
Monroa Torr. Munronia Wight. 

Murchison^ Charles (1830-79) : b. Springfield, Vere, Jamaica, 
1830; d. London, 1879. M.D. Edinburgh; LL.D., 1869; 
M.E.C.P. Lond., 1855; F.E.S. Lect. Bot. St. Mary's 
Hospital, 1856. In India. 1853-55. Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Edin. xiv. 33. 

Mure, — (fl. 1820). M.D. Of Ayrshire. Grandfather of J. F. 
Cathcart. Had a herbarium and bot. library. " A botanist 
of considerable attainments," J. D. Hooker in Introd. to 
lUustr. Himalayan Plants, ii. 

Murphy^ Edmund (fl. 1828-65). Landscape Gardener. Of 
Dublin. Prof. Agriculture, Queen's Coll., Cork. ' Con- 
tributions to M. Hibemica,' Mag. Nat. Hist. 1828, 436. 

* Agricultural Grasses,* 1844. Hortus siccus illustrating same. 
Pritz. 228 ; Jacks. 196 ; E. S. C. iv. 554. 

Murray, Alexander (17987-1838): b. 1798?; d. Aberdeen, 
1838. M.D. Of Aberdeen. ' Connection of Eocks with 
Plants,' Mag. Nat. Hist. 1833, 335. ' Northern Flora,' 1836. 
Pritz. 228 ; E. S. G. iv. 554 ; N. B. G. 488; Mag. Nat. Hist, 
ii. (1838), 160. 

Murray^ Andrew (b. before 1810 ; d. 1850) : d. Cambridge, 
4 July, 1850. Curator, Cambridge Bot. Gard., 1845-50. 

* Catalogue.' Sir Walter Scott, Journal, 1826. Gard. Chron. 
1845, 291 ; 1850, 438. 

Murray, Andrew (1812-78) : b. Edinburgh, 19 Feb., 1812 ; d. 
Kensington, 10 Jan., 1878. W.S. F.L.S., 1861. Pres. Bot. 
Soc. Edin., 1858. Assistant- Secretary, Eoy. Hort. Soc, 
1860. ' Pines and Firs of Japan,' 1863. Lawson's ' Pinetum.' 
Pritz. 228 ; Jacks. 585 ; E. S. C. iv. 555 ; viii. 475 ; Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Edin. xiii. 379 ; Gard. Chron. 1878, i. 86. ; Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xiv. 215 ; Joum. Bot. 1878, 63. 

Murray, Lady Charlotte (d. 1808). Of Athol House, Scotland. 

* The British Garden,' 1799 ; ed. 3, 1808. Eng. Bot. t. 404 ; 
Jacks. 407. 

Murray, Denis (fl. 1845). Of Cork. Gardener. Contrib. list 

* of Fungi to Power's * Bot. Guide co. Cork ' (pp. iv. v.). 
Murray, John (fl. 1815-45). F.L.S., 1819. ' Physiology of 
Plants,' 1833. ' Economy of Vegetation,' 1838. Contrib. 
bot. papers to Maund and Holl's * Naturalist,' 1837. 



126 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

'Account of Palo-de-Vaca/ 1837. Pritz. 229; Jacks. 585; 

E. S. C. iv. 557. 
Murray, Patrick (fl. 1680). Baron of Livington. Pupil of 

Andrew Balfour. Collected 1000 plants at Livington before 

1860, the nucleus of Edin. Bot. Gard. Loudon, Encyc. 

Gardening, 281. Livistona, 
Murray, Peter (fl. 1802-40). Fossil plants in Edin. New 

Phil. Journ. 1828, 31. E. S. C. iv. 559. 
Murray, Stuart (fl. 1810-19). * Companion to Glasgow Bot. 

Garden.' Found Avena pratensis var. aljpina in Arran, Eng. 

Bot. 2684. Pritz. 229 ; Jacks. 411. 
Myles, Rev. Percy Watkins Fenton (1849-91) : b. Kihnoe, 

CO. Cork, 27 Feb., 1849 ; d. EaHng, 7 Oct., 1891 ; bur. HanwelL 

B.A. Dublin, 1867. F.L.S., 1887. Contrib. to Journ. Bot. 

1888-90, and to Nicholson's * Diet, of Gardening.' Journ. 

Bot. 1891, 349, w. portr. 

. Neill, Patrick (1776-1851) : b. Edinburgh, 1776 ; d. Canon- 
mills, Edinburgh, 3 Sept., 1851 ; bur. Warriston Cemetery, 
Edinburgh. LL.D. Aberd., 1834; A.L.S., 1807; F.L.S., 
1813 ; F.E.S.Ed. First Vice-Pres. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1836. 
Printer. Correspondent of Cuvier. Friend of George Don. 
Article, * Fuci,' in Edinb. Encyclop. Collected Scotch 
plants. Secretary, Wernerian Society. Gard. Chron. 1851, 
567, 663 ; Cott. Gard. vii. 121 ; Greville, * Algse Brit.' iv. ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 191 ; Banksian Corresp. xii. (Mar. 12, 
1801). Neillia D. Don. 

Nelson, David (d. 1789): d. Timor, 20 July, 1789. Kew 
gardener. Assistant on Cook's third voyage, 1776-80. On 
H.M.S. 'Bounty,' 1787. Australian, Cape, and Timor plants 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Fl. Tasmania, cxiii. ; Gard. Chron. 
1881, ii. 267 ; Brown, Prodr. 481. Nelsonia Br. 

New^ Rev. Charles (1840-75): b. Fulham, Jan., 1840; d. 
near Mombassa, 13 Feb., 1875. To Zanzibar, 1863. 
Methodist missionary. Collected on Kilima'Njaro, 1871. 
Plants at Kew. Journ. Bot. 1872, 235 ; 1875, 160 ; Journ. 
Linn. Soc. xiii. 141. Proc. E. Geogr. Soc. xix. 387. 
Helichrysum Newii Ohv. & Hiern. 

Newberry, Rev. William (fl. 1820) : b. Zele, Okehampton, 
Devon. Fellow of Exeter. Eector of Bushey. Crypto- 
gamist. Bot. Tour in Devon and Cornwall v. ; E. Bot. 2213. 

Newbery, William (d. before 1797). Of Stockland, Devon. 
** A noted herbahst," Edwards, * Ferns of the Axe,' 115. 
Discovered Lobelia urens, Huds. Fl. Angl., ed. 2, 378. 

Newbould, Rev. William Williamson (1819-86) : b. Shef- 
field, 20 Jan., 1819; d. Kew, 16 April, 1886 ; bur. Fulham 
Cemetery. B.A. Cantab., 1842 ; M. A. Cantab., 1845 ; F.L.S., 
1863; F.B.S.Ed., 1841. Orig. Member Eay Soc. Curate 
at Bluntisham, Hunts, 1845 ; at Comberton, Cambs., 1848. 
In Scotland, 1845; in Ireland, 1852, 1858; in N. Wales, 
with J. Gay and Babington, 1862. Intimate friend of C. C. 
Babington and H. C. Watson. MSS. in Bot. Dept., Brit. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 127 

Mus. E. S. C. viii. 493 ; Top. Bot. 551; Journ. Bot., with 
. portr., 1886, 161 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1885-6, 145. Newhouldia 
Seem. 

Newman^ Edward (1801-76) : b. Hampstead, 13 May, 1801 ; 
d. Peckham, Surrey, 12 June, 1876 ; bur. Nunhead. Printer 
and publisher, pteridologist and entomologist. F.L.S., 1833. 
Lived at Godalming, 1817-26. Contributed to Mag. Nat. 
Hist, from 1831. In Ireland, 1839. ' History of British 
Ferns,' 1840 ; ed. iv. 1865 (iUustrated by himself). Edited 
* Phytologist,' 1841-54. * Letters of Eusticus,' 1849. Pritz. 
232 ; Jacks. 586 ; E. S. C. iv. 600 ; viii. 494 ; Memoir, with 
portr., 1876; Journ. Bot. 1876, 223; Gard. Chron. 1876, 
i. 823 ; Zoologist, 1876, pref., with portr. 

Newton, James (1611 ?-89?): b. 1611?; d. 1689? M.D. 
' Enchiridion ' (fragment), 1689. * Herbal ' (ed. by his son),. 
1752 ; ed. 6, 1802 ; begun, 1680. Friend of Eay, Hermann, 
and Commelin. *' Stirpium Britannicarum explorator in- 
defessus," Pluk. Aim. 230. Botanized in Scotland, Kent, 
Westmoreland, Dorset, Somerset, Cornwall, and Wales. 
Plants collected in Great Britain, Ireland, and Holland, 
Herb. Sloane, 205-207, 236-239. Phil. Trans, xx. 263 ; MS. 
notes in copy of Parkinson's ' Theatrum ' in Bot. Dept., 
Brit. Mus. Pritz. 232 ; Jacks. 586 ; Pref. to Herbal ; Fl. 
Midd. 389. Portr. prefixed to Herbal. 

Newton, John (fl. 1640). Surgeon. Of CoUiton, Somerset. 
Brought plants from America to Parkinson (Theatrum, 
596). 

Newton^ Rev- Thomas (d. 1607) : b. Presbury, Cheshire ; d. 
Little Ilford, Essex, May, 1607 ; bur. in Ilford Church. Sur- 
geon, afterwards schoolmaster and clergyman. Eector of 
Little Ilford, 1583. Translated * Herball to the Bible,' 1587, 
from Lemnius. Pult. i. 108 ; Wood, Athen. Oxon., ed. Bliss, 
ii. 5 ; Cooper, Athen. Cantab, ii. 452. 

Nichol, William (1836-59) : b. Edinburgh, March, 1836 ; d. 
Alexandria, 7 May, 1859. M.D., 1857; F.B.S.Ed. Mus« 
cologist: ''added many mosses to the flora of Scotland.*' 
Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. vi. 290. 

NichoUs, Robert (fl. 1745). Apothecary. Of London. Corre- 
spondent of Blackstone. Herbarium presented to Apothe- 
caries* Company, 1745 ; plants now in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
Fl. Midd. 391 ; Sloane MS. 4054. 

Nicholson, Henry (fl. 1712). M.D. Leyden, 1709. * Methodus 
plantarum in hort. Dublin,' 1712. Pritz. 232; Jacks. 251. 

Nicholson, T- (fl. 1831). M.D. Of Antigua. ** Valued cor- 
respondent" of W. J. Hooker. Bot. Mag. 3071, 3098 
(plates drawn by him). 

Nicol, William (fl. 1827-34). Of Edinburgh. Invented 
section-cutting of fossil wood in 1827. ' Observations on 
recent and fossil Coniferse,' Jameson's Edinb. Phil. Journ. 
1834. Fossils in Brit. Museum. A. Geikie, * Text-book of 
Geology,' ed. i. 94. Nicolia Ung. 

Nid, John (d. c. 1659). Senior Fellow, Trin. CoU., Camb. 



128 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Intimate friend of Eay, who preached his funeral sermon. 
Memorials of Eay, 11 ; Eay, Cat. pi. circ. Cantab, (pref.). 

Nimmo^ Joseph (fl. 1837-46). Of Bombay. Investigated 
Flora of Bombay, and sent plants to Wight. Completed 
Graham's Cat. Bombay Plants ' (see preface). Journ. Bot. 
1841, 300. Nimmoia Wight = Ammaniay part. 

Niven, James (1774 ?-1826) : b. Pennicuik, Edinburgh, 1774 ? ; 
d. same place, 9 Jan., 1826. Grandfather of the following. 
Gardener in Edinb. Bot. Gard. ; at Syon, 1796 ; to Hibbert, 
1798. Collected in S. Africa for Hibbert and the Empress 
Jogephine, 1798-1803, and again for Lee and others, 1803-12 
and kept a botanical diary there. Plants in Herb. Mus. 
Brit. Gard. Mag. ii. 255 ; Bot. Eep. t. 193 ; Trans. Linn. 
Soc. X. 46, 134; Las^gue, 447; Trans. Hort. Soc. i. 262; 
Bot. Gaz. i. 106 (1849). Nivenia Br. = Paranomus Salisb. 

Niven, James Craig (1828-81): b. DubHn, 1828; d. HuU, 
16 Oct., 1881. Son of the following. Asst. Curator at Kew, 
1852. Curator, Hull Bot. Gard., 1853. Lectured on Bot. 
at Hull. * Cat. Herbaceous Plants at Kew,' 1853. Edited 
Maund's * Bot. Garden,' 1878. Jacks. 412; Journ. Bot. 
1881, 352 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. p. 541, with portr. on 
p. 589 ; Life and portr., * Garden,* xx. (1881). 

Niven, Ninian (1799-1879) : b. 1799 ; d. Dublin, 18Peb., 1879. 
E.B.S.Ed., 1836. Curator, Glasnevin Bot. Gard., Dublin, 
1834-8. * Companion to the Bot. Gard., Glasnevin,' 1838. 
Pritz. 233; Jacks. 411; Gard. Chron. (1879), xi. 277; 
E. S. C. iv. 627. 

Nodder, Frederick Polydore (fl. 1777-94). Botanic painter 
to Queen Caroline. Drew and engraved the plates of 
Martyn's 'Flora Eustica.' Drawings in Bot. Dept., Brit. 
Mus. 

Noehden^ George Henry (1770-1826) : b. Gottingen, 23 Jan., 
1770; d. London, 14 March, 1826. LL.D., 1796; F.L.S., 
1800. Vice- Secretary, Hort. Soc. Librarian, Brit. Mus., 
1820. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 738, 858. ' Varieties of Citrus,* 
Trans. Hort. Soc. iii. Appx. E. S. C. iv. 631 ; Eose ; Hoefer. 

Noel, Lady Elizabeth (1731-1801) : b. London ?, 1731 ; d. 
Bath, 1801; bur. Exton, Eutland, 10 Dec, 1801. Eldest 
sister of the following. Contributed to Withering's ' Arrange- 
ment ' (ed. 3, i.ix., iv. 145). MS. Flora of Eutland in posses- 
sion of Col. E. A. Noel at Duffield. 

Noel, Henry, 6th Earl of Gainsborough (1743-98) : b. 
Exton, Eutland, 19 April, 1743 ; d. 8 April, 1798 ; bur. at 
Exton. Hon. Memb. L.S., 1788. Succeeded to Earldom, 
1759. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. (50, 1188). Herbarium in pos- 
session of Lord Gainsborough at Exton. Portraits in posses- 
sion of the family, at Exton and Duffield. 

Norris^ Sir William (fl. 1849). Eecorder at Penang. Sent 
plants from Mount Ophir to Gardner. Journ. Bot. 1849, 
328. Norrisia Gardn. 

North, Frederick, 6th Earl of Guildford (c. 1766-1827) ; b. 
c. 1766 ; d. 14 Oct., 1827. D.C.L. Oxon, 1793; LL.D. Camb., 



BRITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 129 

1821. F.E.S., 1794 ; M.P., Banbury, 1792. Sec. of State, 
Corsica, 1795. Governor of Ceylon, 1798-1805. Sent Ceylon 
plants to Banks. 

North, Miss Marianne (1830-90): b. Hastings, 1830; d. 
Alderley, Gloucestershire, 30 Aug., 1890. Flower paintings. 
North Gallery at Kew (catalogue by W. B. Hemsley). ' Ee- 
cords of a Happy Life' (autobiography), w. portr., 1892; 
Journ. Bot. 1890, 329. Northea Hook. f. 

North, Richard (fl. 1759). Nurseryman, of Lambeth. * Treatise 
on Grasses' and 'Gardeners' Catalogue,' 1759. Johnson, 
Hist. Card. 215 ; Pritz. ed. i. 213. 

Notcutt^ William Lowndes (d. before 1871) : b. Ipswich. 
Lived at Daventry, Fareham, and Cheltenham. Grandson of 
the following. * Handbook Brit. Plants,' 1865. Contrib. to 
Phyt. i. and iii. on Daventry, Fareham, and Ipswich plants. 
Jacks. 237 ; E. S. C. iv. 646 ; Top. Bot. 552 ; Smiles' * Life 
of Eobert Dick.* 

Notcutt^ William Russel (d. before 1802) : d. Surinam, before 
1802. Of Ipswich. F.L.S., 1796. Lectured on Chemistry, 
New College, Hackney, 1796. Eng. Bot. 1049. 

Noton, — (fl. 1834). Collected in Neilgherries. Wight Prodr. 
208. Notonia Wight. 

Nowell, John (1802 ?-67): b. 1802?; d. Todmorden, Yorksh., 
28 Oct., 1867. Of Todmorden. Twister-in. Muscologist. 
Discovered Ginclidium stygium in 1836, Eng. Bot. 2840. 
Contrib. to Baines' ' Fl. Yorksh.' (1840), and wrote * Mosses ' 
in Suppl. to same (1854). Correspondent of Wilson : letters 
in Wilson Corresp., Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Herbarium at 
Todmorden. Bot. Soc. Jacks. 262 ; Journ. Bot. 1870, 91 ; 
Cash, 102 ; Windsor, * Fl. Cravoniensis,' vii. ; Buxton, Bot. 
Guide, X., xiv. Obelisk at Todmorden. Nowellia Mitt. 

Nuttal), John (d. 1849-50). Of Tithewer, co. Wicklow. Ar- 
boriculturist. Knew Irish plants well. Journ. Bot. 1850, 94. 

Niittall, Thomas (1786-1859): b. Long Preston, Settle, Yorksh., 
5 Jan., 1786; d. St. Helen's, Lane, 15 Sept., 1859. Printer. 
F.L.S., 1813. Emigrated to Philadelphia, 1807 ; Upper Mis- 
souri, 1811 ; Arkansas, 1818 ; Snake Eiver, 1834 ; Sandwich 
Isles and Monterey, 1836. Prof. Bot., Harvard, 1834. Ee- 
turned to England, 1842. ' Genera of N. American PI.,' 1818. 
Herbarium bought by Brit. Mus. : sets also at Kew, Harvard^ 
and Philadelphia. Pritz. 235 ; Jacks. 587 ; E. S. C. iv. 650 ; 
Whittle, * Blackburn as it is,' 1853, 194; Cott. Gard. 
xxiii. 7, 349 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1860, xxvi. ; Journ. Bot. 
1841, 108 ; Short, ' Western Botany,' 14. Nuttallia Torr. & 
Gray. 

O'Donovan^ Edward, afterwards Donovan (1768-1837) : b. 
1768; d. Lambeth, 1 Feb., 1837. F.L.S. Zoologist. 'Bo- 
tanical Eeview,' 1789-90. * Minute Parts of Plants,^ 1789- 
90 (both w. col. plates by himself). Pritz. 90 ; Jacks. 540 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. xv. 235. 

Ogilby. Alan (fl. 1471). Of Scotland. Eesided in Constan- 

10 



130 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OP 

tinople and Venice. ' De virtutibus herbarum,* in 6 books. 
Pult. ii. 2 ; Haller, i. 245 ; Tanner, 660. 

Ogilby, Leslie (fl. 1845). Of Dublin. Connemara Plants, Phyt. 
ii. 345. Contributed to ' Irish Flora,' pref. p. x. E. S. C. iv. 
63. 

Ogilvie^ George (fl. 1780). Collected in Guinea and Cape Coast. 
PI. in Herb. Mus. Brit., sent to Banks. 

Ogilvie-Forbes^ George {olim Ogilvie) (1820-86) : b. Aber- 
deen, 1820 ; d. Boyndie, near Banff, 25 June, 1886. A.M. 
Aberdeen, 1839; M.D. Edin., 1842; RB.S.Ed. Lect. Phy- 
siology, Univ. Aberdeen, 1860-77. 'Genetic Cycle,' 1861. 
' Forms of Fern-stems.' One of founders of Scottish Crypto- 
gamic Soc. E. S. C. iv 664 ; Scott. Nat. 1887, 1. 

Oglander, John (1778?-1825) : b. Brading, I. of Wight?, 1778; 
d. Oxford, 30 Oct., 1825; bur. Merton Coll., Oxford. Mus- 
cologist. M.A. Oxon, 1804. Sub-warden of Merton Coll., 
1824. Contributed Mosses to Purton's Midland Flora, Ap- 
pendix, 95, &c. 

Oldfield^ Augustus (fl. 1863). ''A zealous collector^ and a 
careful and acute observer," Fl. Tasm. cxxvii. Fl. Austral, 
i. 14*. Lasiopetalum Oldfieldii F. v. M. 

Oldham, Richard (1837-64) : b. 1837 ; d. and bur. Amoy, 13 
Nov., 1864. Botanical collector in Eastern Asia. Plants at 
, Kew, Brit. Mus., &c. Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 163 ; Journ. Bot. 
1866, 239. Desmodium Oldhami Oliv. 

Oldham, Thomas (1816-78) : b. Dubhn, May, 1816 ; d. Eugby, 
20 July, 1878. M.D. ; F.G.S., 1843 ; F.E.S., 1848. On 
Geological Survey, Ireland, 1839 ; Director, 1846. Prof, 
Geol. Univ., Dublin, 1845. Pres. Geol. Soc. Ireland, 1848, 
Director, Indian Geol. Survey, 1850-76. * Fossil Flora of 
Eajmahal Series' (with J. Morris). Jacks, 190; E. S. C. 
iv. 672 ; viii. 528 ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1878-9, 46. Oldhamia 
Forbes. 

O'Meara^ Rev. Eugene (c. 1815-80) : b. circ. 1815 ; d. New- 
castle Lyons, co. Dublin, 20 Jan., 1880. M.A. Dublin, 1858. 
A founder of Dublin Microscopical Club. Diatomist. Journ. 
Bot. 1880, 128 ; E. S. C. iv. 684 ; viii. 530. 

Ondaalje^ William Charles (d. 1888) : d. Eastbourne, Oct., 
1888. Surgeon. Of Colombo, Ceylon. F.L.S., 1882. Sent 
paper to Bot. Soc. Edin., 1855. E. S. C. viii. 531. 

Ordoyno, Thomas (fl. 1807). Nurseryman. Of Newark. 'Flora 
Nottinghamiensis,' 1807. Pritz. 237 ; Jacks. 258. 

Oudney^ Walter (1790-1824) : b. near Edinburgh, Dec, 1790 ; 
d. Murmur, W. Soudan, Africa, 12 Jan., 1824. M.D. Edin., 
1817. Memb. Wern. Soc. African traveller. Naval surgeon. 
Practised in Edinburgh. In N.W. Africa, 1821-4. Denham 
and Clapperton, 'Narrative of Travels,' 1828. Plants in 
Brit. Mus. Jacks. 346 ; Memoir by Eev. T. Nelson, 1830 ; 
Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii. 328. Ovdneya Br. 

Ozley^ Thomas (fl. 1847-58). Of Singapore. Entomologist. 
'Botany of Singapore,' Journ. Ind. Archipel. iv. 1850, 436. 
Journ. Bot. 1857, 1 ; E. S. C. iv. 730. 



BBITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 131 

Page^ William Bridgewater (fl. 1817). Nurseryman. Of 
Southampton. * Prodromus of PI. in Southampton Bot. Gard.,' 
1817. Pritz. 239 ; Jacks. 415. 

Paley^ Frederick Apthorp (1816-88) : b. Easingwold, Yorksh., 
1816 ; d. Bournemouth, 11 Dec, 1888 ; bur. Cambridge. 
Classical scholar. B.A. Camb., 1838; M.A., 1842; LL.D. 
Aberdeen, 1883. * Wheat ears,' 1859. ' Wild Flowering PI. 
of Peterborough,' 1860. 'Wild Flowers of Dover.' 'Fl. 
PI. of Barnes Common,' 1882. Jacks. 589; 'Athenaeum,' 
1886, 813. 

Palgrave^ Thomas (c. 1805-c. 1869) : b. Norfolk, circ. 1805 ; 
d. circ. 1869. Solicitor, of Liverpool. Cousin of Sir W. 
Hooker. Muscologist as a schoolboy in 1818, and in late 
life. Correspondent of Wilson. Letters (1856-69) in Wilson's 
Correspondence in Herb. Mus. Brit. 

Palmer^ Rev. S. (fl. 1829). Of Chigwell, Essex. Contributed 
to Mag. Nat. Hist. 1829, 212. 

Park, Mungo (1771-1805) : b. Foulshiels, near Selkirk, 10 Sept., 
1771 ; d. Niger, 1805. Traveller and surgeon. A.L.S., 1793. 
Brother-in-law of James Dickson. Prot^g^ of Banks. Went 
to India and Sumatra, 1792; to Africa, 1795-7, 1804-5. 
Plants in Brit. Mus. Eees, Suppl. ; Life prefixed to * Journal,' 
1805-15 ; ' Life,' 1838 ; Hist. Berw. Nat. Club, x. 300. Portr. 
prefixed to * Travels,' 1799. Parkia Br. 

Parker, Charles Sandbach (d. 1868 or 1869) : b. Glasgow ; 
d. 1868 or 1869. Of Aigburth, Liverpool. Studied unde 
DeCandoUe at Geneva. Assisted Eoscoe in his * ScitaminesB. 
Collected in Dutch Guiana and West Indies, 1824. Her- 
barium at Kew. Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 147 ; E. S. C. iv. 758 ; 
Las6gue, 492. Parkeria Hook. 

Parker, John Cowham (c. 1774-1841) : b. circ. 1774 ; d. Hull?, 
1841. Wine-merchant, of Hull. One of founders of Hull 
Bot. Garden. '*An enthusiastic botanist," E. W. Corlass, 
' Sketches of Hull Authors,' 1879, 108. 

Parkinson, James (fl. 1780-1833). F.G.S. Surgeon. Prac- 
tised at Hoxton. * Organic Eemains,' 1804-11. Pritz. 240 ; 
Jacks. 176 ; E. S. C. iv. 760 ; Mantell, ' Pictorial Atlas of 
Fossil Eemains,' 1850, p. 13. 

Parkinson, John (1567-1650) : b. Nottinghamshire (?), 1567 ; 
d. London, Aug., 1650; bur. St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. 
Apothecary. King's Herbarist (* Botanicus Eegius Prima- 
rius ') . * Paradisus Terrestris,' 1629. * Theatrum Botanicum,- 
1640. Had a garden in Long Acre, ' Theatrum,' 609. Pult. 
i. 138 ; Eees ; Pritz. 240 ; Jacks. 589 ; Loudon, * Arboretum,' 
49, 53 ; Journ. Hort. xxviii. 1875, 493, with portr. Portr. 
by C. Switzer in * Paradisus ' ; and one by W. Marshall in 
* Theatrum,' re-engraved in Eichardson's Illustr. to Granger. 

PcLirk'LTLS(yWL(L Li ' 

Parkinson, John (d. 1847) : d. Paris, 3 April, 1847. F.E.S. ; 
F.L.S., 1795. Consul-General in Mexico. Sent dried and 
living plants to Kew. Bot. Biol. Centr. Amer. iv. 128; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. i. 336. Epidendrum Parkinsonianum Hook. 



132 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Parkinson^ J. W^ K. (Mrs. or Miss), (fl. 1833). ' General 
Observations on Vegetation ' (1833), transl. from Mirbel, 
published anonymously. Jacks. 222. 

Parkinson^ Sydney (d. 1771) : b. Edinburgh ; d. Indian Ocean, 
Jan. 1771. Woollen-draper. Prot^g^ of Banks, with whom 
to South Seas in * Endeavour ' as draughtsman, 1768. Draw- 
ings in Dept. Bot., Brit. Mus. * Journal of Voyage,' 1784. 
(c/r. *' Preface " and " Explanatory Eemarks " : list of plants, 
37-50). Pritz. 240; Jacks. 223; Portrait prefixed to 'Journal,' 
engr. Jas. Newton. 

Parks^ John Damper (fl. 1823). Collector for Hort. Soc. in 
China and Java, 1823. Trans. Hort. Soc. v. 427. 

Parnell, Richard (d. 1882) : b. Devonshire ; d. Edinburgh, 1882. 
Ink-manufacturer. M.D. F.E.S.E. Orig. Memb. Bot. Soc. 
Edin., 1836. Lived in Jamaica, 1839. ' Grasses of Scotland,' 
1842 ; ' Grasses of Britain,' 1845 ; both with figs, drawn and 
engraved by himself. Herbarium of grasses at Linn. Soc. 
Pritz. 241 ; Jacks. 589 ; Journ. Bot. 1883, 30 ; E. S. C. iv. 
763. Poa PamelUi Bab. 

Parry, Charles Christopher (1823-90) . b. Admington, Wor- 
cestershire, 28 Aug., 1823 ; d. Davenport, Iowa, 20 Feb., 1890. 
Went to America, 1832. M.D. Botanical explorer and 
collector. On Mexican Boundary Survey, 1850; in Eocky 
Mountains, 1861. Botanist to Agric. Dept. Washington, 
1869-71. ' Chorizanthe,' 1884, 1889, and various bot. papers. 
Friend of Torrey and Gray. Herb, at Davenport Acad. Nat. 
Sciences. Jacks. 589 ; E. S. C. iv. 767 ; viii. 565 ; ' Garden 
and Forest,' iii. 120; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, March, 1890; 
'Western Naturalist,' June, 1890 (portr.). Parryella Torr 
& Gray. 

Parry, Sir Wimam Edward (1790-1855) : b. Bath, 19 Dec, 
1790; d. Ems, 8 July, 1855; bur. Greenwich Cemetery. 
Arctic explorer. Eear- Admiral, 1852. F.E.S., 1821; D.C.L. 
Oxon, 1829. Knight, 1829. Plants at Kew and Mus. Brit. 
'Memoirs' by Eev. Edw. Parry, 1857, with portr. by G. 
Eichmond, 1842, engr. Lane ; Journ. E. Geogr. Soc. xxvi. 
p. clxxxii. Parry a Br. 

Parsons^ Christopher (1807-82) : b. Southchurch, Essex, 1807; 
d. Southchurch, 23 Sept., 1882. Herbarium at Southend 
Institute. MS. * Flora of Eochford Hundred.' ' Birds of 
Essex,' 27. 

Parsons^ James (1705-70) : b. Barnstaple, Devon, March, 
1705; d. Bloomsbury, 4 April, 1770; bur. Hendon. M.D. 
Eheims, 1736; F.E.S., 1741. Practised in London. * Micro- 
scopical Theatre of Seeds,' 1744. * Analogy between Propa- 
gation of Animals and Vegetables,' 1752. * Pharmacopoeia 
Edinburgensis,' 1752. Eees ; Pritz. 241 ; Jacks. 589; Munk, 
ii. 175. Portr. by Wilson in Mus. Brit. Parsonsia P. 
Browne = Cuphea Jacq. Parsonsia Br. 

Partington, Charles Frederick (fl. 1820-38). Editor, * British 
Cyclopsedia.' ' Introduction to Science of Botany,' 1835. 
Jacks. 39. 



BRITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 133 

Fasmore^ Rev. Heniy (d. before 1699) : d. Jamaica, before 
1699. Sent plants to Petiver. Mus. Pet. 46. 

Faterson^ John Ligertwood (1820-82) : b. Midmar, Aber- 
deensh., 1820 ; d. Brazil, 9 Dec, 1882. M.D. F.B.S.Ed., 
1872. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xvi. 9. 

Faterson^ William (d. 1810) : b. Montrose ? ; d. on voyage from 
Australia, 21 June, 1810. Colonel. F.B.S. ; F.L.S., 1797. 
In S. Africa, 1777-9. ' Narrative of Journeys,' 1789. Lieut.- 
Governor, Botany Bay, 1800-10. Collected in S. Africa and 
Australia. Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. Brown, Prodr. 303 ; 
Fl. Tasmania, cxxiv. ; Lasegue, 278, 446 ; Cott. Gard. viii. 
329, &c. ; ix, 3. Patersonia Br. 

Fatrick^ Rev. William (fl. 1831). 'Indigenous Plants of 
Lanarkshire, with an introduction to Botany,' 1831. Pritz. 
241 ; Jacks. 255. 

Fatton, George (1803-69) : b. 1803 ; d. Glenahnond, Perth, 
30 Sept., 1869. Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland, 1867, as 
Lord Glenalmond. Chairman, Oregon Bot. Assoc. Intro^ 
duced Cupressus Lawsoniana and Abies Pattoniana, Gard. 
Chron. 1869, 1043. 

Faxton, Sir Joseph (1803-65) : b. Milton Bryant, Beds., 3 Aug., 
1803 ; d. Sydenham, 8 June, 1865. F.L.S., 1833. Foreman, 
Chiswick Arboretum, 1824. Superintendent, Chatsworth, 1826. 
Knighted, 1851. M.P. for Coventry, 1854. 'Magazine of 
Bot.,' 1834. Travelled through S. Europe and Levant, 1838. 
'Pocket Bot. Dictionary,' 1840. Pritz. 242; Jacks. 590; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1865-6, Ixxxi. ; Journ. Bot. 1865, 231 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1865, 554 ; Journ. Hort. viii. (1865), 446, with portr. ; 
and ix. 12. Paxtonia Lindl. 

Feach, Charles William (1800-86) : b. Wansford, Northants, 
30 Sept., 1800 ; d. Edinburgh, 28 Feb., 1886. Coastguards- 
man and naturalist. A.L.S., 1868. Neill Medal, E.S.E., 1875. 
Papers on fossil plants in Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xii. & xiii., 
&c. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-86, 146 ; E. S. C. iv. 791 ; Smiles, 
'Eobert Dick ' ; Scott. Nat. 1886, 289 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 
xvii. 11 ; Journ. Northampton N.H. Soc. 1886, 33. 

Fearce^ Nathaniel (c. 1780-1820) : b. East Acton, Middlesex, 
circ. 1780 ; d. Alexandria, 12 Aug., 1820. Lived in Abyssinia, 
1809-19. Sent plants to Brown. * Account of Abyssinia,' New 
Monthly Mag., 1821. Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. ' Life and 
Adventures,' autobiog., 1831 ; Salt's ' Abyssinia ' ; Michaud. 

Fearce, Richard (d. 1868) : d. Panama, 19 July, 1868. Of 
Stoke, Devonport. Collector for Messrs, Veitch and Bull. 
Plants at K^w and Brit. Mus. Journ. Bot. 1868, 320 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1868, 874, 893 ; Journ. Hort. xv. (1868), 134. Stemon- 
acanthus Pearcei Hook. f. 

Fechey, John (1654-1693 or 1717) : b. Chichester, Dec, 1654 ; 
d. Chichester, May, 1693, or June, 1717 ; bur. St. Peter the 
Less or St. Andrew, Chichester. B.A. Oxon, 1675 ; M.A., 
1678. M.D. F.E.C.P., 1684. ' Herbal of Physical Plants,' 
1694. Pult. i. 184 ; Pritz. 243 ; Jacks. 590 ; Munk. i. 433 ; 
Athen. Ox. iv. 787. Pecheya Scop. 



134 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Peddle, — (fl. 1840) : Lieut.-Col. 72nd Regt. Collected at Natal, 

1839-40. Joum. Bot. 1840, 124, 265. Peddiea Harv. 
Peete, William (1771-1848) : b. 27 June, 1771 ; d. Bromley, 

Kent, 4 Feb., 1848. F.L.S., 1794. Surgeon at Dartford 38 

years. Described Silene patens for Eng. Bot. 2748. Contrib. 

to Phyt. i. 587. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 377. 
Penfold, Jane Wallas (Mrs.) (fl. 1845). Lived in Madeira. 

' Madeira Flowers, Fruits, and Ferns,* 1845 (plates drawn by 

her). Pritz. 243 ; Jacks. 352. 
Penneck, Rev. Henry (1801-62) : b. Penzance, 1801 ; d. same 

place, 24 April, 1862. M.A. Camb., 1830; Oxon, 1847. 

Curate of Morvah, 1826. A.L.S. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 

850, 2818, 2845, &c. Had a herbarium. Gent. Mag. 1862,. 

ii. 106 ; Jones, ' Bot. Tour,' Devon and Cornwall, 29, 30. 
Penny, George (d. 1838 or 39). Nurseryman. Of Epsom, 

Surrey. A.L.S., 1829. ' Hortus Epsomensis.* Proc. Linn. 

Soc. i. 36. 
Penny, Rev. Thomas (d. 1589). B.A. Camb., 1551; M.A., 

1559; D.D. F.E.C.P., 1582. Prebendary of St. Paul's, 

1560. Entomologist. '* A second Dioscorides," Gerard. 

Pult. i. 84; Lobel, 'Adversaria,' 358, 394, 397; Cooper, 

AthenaB Cantab, ii. 78 ; Munk, i. 82 ; Eose. MyrtocisPus 

Penncei Clusius = Hypericum balearicwn. 
Peroival, Thomas (1740-1804) : b. Warrington, 29 Sept., 1740 ; 

d. Manchester, 30 Aug., 1804. M.D. Leyden, 1765. F.B.S. 

Practised in Manchester from 1767. * Perceptive Power of 

Vegetables,' Manchester Phil. Soc. Mem. ii. 1789, 122. 

' Works,' with memoir, 1807. Pritz. 243 ; Jacks. 82 ; E. S. C. 

iv, 823. 
Percy, John (1817-89) : b. Nottingham, 1817 ; d. June, 1889. 

Metallurgist. M.D. Edin. F.E.S. M.B.S.E., 1837. Col- 

lected in S.E. France and Switzerland, 1836-7. Plants 

in Edinburgh University Herbarium. First Eeport Bot. 

Soc. Edinburgh, 43-45 (1836) ; Trans. B. S. Ed. xvii. 521. 
Pereira^ Jonathan (180^53) : b. Shoreditch, 22 May, 1804 ; 

d. London, 20 Jan., 1853 ; bur. Kensal Green. M.D. Erlan- 

gen, 1840. F.E.S., 1838; F.E.C.P., 1845; F.L.S., 1828. 

Prof. Mat. Med. Pharm. Soc. 1843. Translation of ' Pharma- 
copoeia,' 1824. 'Elements of Materia Medica,' 1839-40. 

Pritz. 243 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 237 ; E. S. C. iv. 825 ; Phar- 

maceut. Joum. 1852-3, 409, with portr. engr. by D. Pound 

from daguerrotype by Mayall. Bust by McDowall at London 

Hosp. Medal by Wyon at Pharm. Soc. 
Perkins^ E. E. (Mm.) (fl. 1837). ** Professor of Botanical 

Flower Painting." Of Chelsea. ' Elements of Botany,' 1837. 

Lectured on Botany. Jacks. 39. 
Perry, William Groves (1796-1863) : b. Warwick, 1796 ; d. 

Warwick, 25 March, 1863. Curator, Warwicksh. Mus. 1840. 

F.B.S.Ed., 1840. ' PlantaB Varvicenses Selectee,' 1820. 

Herb, in Warwick Museum. Pritz. 244 ; Jacks. 261 ; Phyt. 

i. 700 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. viii. 14 ; Fl. Warwicksh. 494. 
Petiver^ James (c. 1658-1718) : b. Hill Morton, Warwickshire, 



BBITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 135 

circ. 1658 ; d. London, 20 April, 1718. Apothecary to the 
Charterhouse. F.RS., 1695. Contributed list of Middlesex 
pi. to Gibson's * Camden,* and to Bay's * Historia,' vols. ii. 
and iii., and ' Synopsis,' ed. 2, and to Phil. Trans. 1697-1717. 

* Opera,' 1764. Plants in Hb. Sloane. Sloane MSS. 3330- 
3338. Pult. ii. 31 ; Pritz. 245 ; Jacks. 591 ; Fl. Midd. 379. 
Petiveria Plumier. 

Petre^ Robert James^ 8th Baron (1713-43) : b. 3 June, 1713 ; 
d. 2 July, 1743. F.E.S., 1731. *' The PhcBnix of this age," 
CoUinson. Had garden with large stoves, under Philip 
Miller's supervision, at Thorn don, Essex. Introduced 
Camellia japonica. Eich. Corr. 316, 340, 392 ; Linn. Corr. i, 
9 ; MS. on fly-leaf of B. M. copy of Pult. ii. Petrea L. 

Phelps, Rev. William (c. 1776-1856): b. Flax Bourton, 
Somerset, circ. 1776; d. Oxcombe, Lincoln?, 17 Aug., 1856. 
B.A. Oxon, 1797. Vicar of Meare and Bicknoller, Somerset, 
1824. Eector of Oxcombe, Lincoln. * Calendarium Botani- 
cum,' 1810. Pritz. 246 ; Jacks. 233. 

Phillips, Henry (fl. 1798-1829) . F.L. S. Writer on cultivated 
plants. Schoolmaster at Bayswater; then of Brighton. 

* Flora Historica,' 1824, ed. 2, 1829. * History of Vegetables,' 
1822. ^Pomarium Brit.' 1820. Pritz. 246; Jacks. 592; 
Johnson, 304. 

Phillips, John (1800-74) : b. Marden, Wilts, 25 Dec, 1800; d. 
Oxford, 24 April, 1874 ; bur. York. Geologist. M.A. Oxon, 
1853; D.C.L., 1866; L.L.D. Camb., 1866; Dublin, 1845. 
F.E.S., 1834. Curator, York Museum, 1824. Prof. Geol., 
King's College, 1834 ; Dublin, 1844 ; Oxford, 1853. ' Geology 
of Yorkshire,' 1829-36. Jacks. 182 ; * Nature,' ix. (1874), 
510. 

Phipps, Constantine John^ 2nd Baron Mulgrave (1744- 
92): b. 30 May, 1744 ;d. 10 Oct., 1792. Captain, E.N. 
M.P., Newark. Arctic Navigator, 1773, in * Eacecourse ' and 
' Carcass,' with Israel Lyons. ' Voyage towards North Pole,' 
1774. Plants, pp. 200-204, described by Solander. Suc- 
ceeded to title, 1775. Las^gue, 395. Phipsia Trin. Phipjp^ 
sia Br. 

Piddington^ Henry (d. before 1873). Coroner in Calcutta. 
' English Index of Plants of India,' 1832. * Tabular View of 
Genera in Eoxburgh's Fl. Indica,' 1834. Pritz. 247 ; Jacks. 
383 ; E. S. C. iv. 904 ; Cyclop. India (ed. 2), iv. 567. Pid- 
dingtonia DC. 

Fiesse^ George W. Septimus (1820-82) : b. 30 May, 1820 ; d. 
Chiswick, 23 Oct., 1882. * Art of Perfumery,' 1856. Prit^* 
247 ; Jacks. 210. 

Pigott, — (fl. 1798-1808). Algologist. Friend of Stackhouse, 
and correspondent of D. Turner. Imprisoned in France. 
Stackhouse, Nereis, xxvi. ; Turner, Fuci, i. 130 (1808). 

Pike, — (d. c. 1772) : d. Chelsea Hospital, c. 1772. Of Bide- 
ford, Devon. Lived many years in Eddystone Lighthouse. 
Contrib. list of Bideford plants to Martin's Nat. Hist. Eng- 
land (1759-63). Bot. Guide, 195. 



136 BIOGBAFHICAL INDEX OF 

Pilkington, WllUam (1768-1848): b. Hatfield, Yorks., 7 Sept., 
1758; d. same place, 13 Aug., 1848. F.L.S., 1795. Archi- 
tect. Had a herbarium. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. (1276, 2029). 
E. S. C. iv. 912 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 47. Engr. portr. at 
Linn. Soc. 

Fitcaim, Wmiam (1711-91) : b. Dysart, Fife, 1711 ; d. IsUng- 
ton, 25 Nov., 1791 ; bur. St. Bartholomew-the-Les8. M.D. 
Rheims; M.D. Oxon, 1749 ; F.R.C.P., 1750; r.R.S.;P.R.C.P., 
1775. Had a bot. garden in Upper Street, Ishngton. Munk, 
ii. 172. Portr. by Reynolds. Mezzotint by J. Jones, 1777. 
Pitcairnia L'H^rit. 

Pitchford, John (1737 ?-1808) : d. Norwich, 22 Dec, 1803. 
Surgeon and apothecary of that town from 1769. A.L.S., 
1788; F.L.S., 1797. Friend of Sir J. E. Smith. Contri- 
buted to Eng. Bot. (27, 229, &c.). Discovered Holosteum urn- 
hellatum and Pevx^edanum palustre. Smith Corr. i. 41, 107, 
128 ; Linn. Trans, vii. 295 ; Hinds, Fl. Suff. 477. 

Pitta^ Edmund (fl. 1678). Alderman, of Worcester. *' A very 
knowing botanist." Discovered Pyrus domestica in Wyre 
Forest, Phil. Trans, xiii. 1678, 978; Lees' Bot. Worcestersh. 
Ixxxviii. 

Planchon^ Jules Emile (1823-88): b. Ganges, France, 21 
March, 1823 ; d. Montpellier, 1 April, 1888. F.L.S., 1855. 
Assistant in Sir W. Hooker's Herb., 1844-8. Prof. Bot., 
Ghent, 1849; Montpellier, 1881-8. Co-ed. 'Flore des Serres,' 
1849-81. Pritz. 248 ; Jacks. 592 ; E. S. C. iv. 932 ; viii, 
631. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1887-8, 95 ; Ann. Bot. ii. 423 (1888), 
with bibliography. Planchonia Dun. 

Planer^, Richard (fl. 1699-1703). Surgeon. Sent plants to 
Petiver from Guinea Coast. Mus. Pet. 46, 95. 

Plant, R. W. (fl. 1844-52). Of Cheadle. *New Gardener's 
Dictionary' (n.d.), 1849? "Experimental cultivator and 
nurseryman," Bot. Eeg. 1844, p. 89. Collected in S. Africa, 
1850-52. * Excursion in Zulu Country,' Journ. Bot. 1852, 
222, 257. Plants at Kew. R. S. C. iv. 933. Plantia 
Herb. 

Piatt, Sir Hugh (fl. 1571-1606) : bur. Homsey ? B.A. Camb., 
1571-2. Of Copt-hall, Essex, and Kirby Castle and Bishop's 
Hall, Middlesex. Knighted, 1605. Had a garden in St. 
Martin's Lane, 1606. * Garden of Eden' (posth.), 1653-60. 
' Floraes Paradise,' 1608. Pritz. 248 ; Johnson, 69 ; Wood, 
Athen. Oxon., ed. BHss, 622; Cooper, Athen. Cantab, ii. 436, 
with bibliog. 

Plomley, Francis (1805 ?-60): d. Maidstone, 9 Jan. , 1860. F.L.S., 
1845. M.D. Studied Hop-mildew. Lectured on Botany to 
Weald of Kent Farmers' Club, 1849-51. Proc. Linn. Soc* 
1860-61, xUi. 

Plot, Robert (1640-96): b. Sutton Baron or Bam, Borden, 
Kent, 1640 ; d. same place, 30 April, 1696 ; bur. Borden. 
B.A. Oxon, 1661; M.A., 1664; D.C.L., 1671. F.B.S., 1677; 
Sec, 1682. First Keeper of Ashmolean Museum, 1683. 
Mowbray Herald, 1695. ' Nat. Hist, of Oxfordshire,' 1677. 



BBITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 137 

' Nat. Hist, of Staffordshire/ 1679. Plants in Hb. Sloane, 
cxiii. Pult. i. 360 ; Jacks. 592 ; Eich. Corr. ; E. Syn. ; Nich. 
Anec. ix. 647; Gent. Mag. Ixv., 1089; Lhwyd's * Nat. Hist/ 
ed. 2; Hasted, 'History of Kent'; Allibone ; Chalmers; 
Hoefer ; Eose ; Michaud. Oil portr. in Bodleian Gallery. 
Engr. in Hope Collection. Portr. in * Oxford Almanac/ 1749. 
Plotia Adans. = Myrsina. 

Flukenet^ Leonard (1642-1706) : b. Jan., 1642 ; d. Westmin- 
ster, 6 July, 1706 ; bur. Chancel of St. Margaret's, Westmin- 
ster. M.D. Had a bot. garden at Old Palace Yard, West- 
minster. Queen's botanist to Mary II. Supervisor, Hamp- 
ton Court Garden. ' Phytographia,' 1691. ' Almagestum,' 
1696. * Mantissa,' 1700. ' Amaltheum,' 1705. MS. in Bot. 
Dept., Brit. Mus. Herbarium of 8000 plants in Herb. Sloane. 
Had a farm at Horn Hill, Herts. Pult. ii. 18 ; Eees ; Pritz. 
249 ; Jacks. 598 ; Trans. Watford Soc. i. (1875), 23 ; Joum. 
Bot. 1882, 338; Fl. Midd. 374; Hoefer; Michaud. Portr. 
engr. Collins, 1690, in ' Phytographia.' Plukenetia Plumier. 

Pocock, Robert (1760-1830): b. Gravesend, Kent, 21 Feb., 
1760; d. Dartford, 26 Oct., 1830. Printer. Founded Nat. 
ffist. Society of Kent, 1812. Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
' Eobert Pocock,' by G. M. Arnold, 1883, with portr. ; Journ. 
Bot. 1884, 53 (portr.). 

Pococke^ Rev. Richard (1704-65) : b. Southampton, 1704 ; d. 
Meath, 15 Sept., 1765. B.A. Oxon, 1725; D.C.L., 1733. 
F.E.S. Travelled in East, 1737-42. ' Description of the 
East,' 1743. Bishop of Ossory, 1756; of Meath, 1765. MSS. 
in Mus. Brit. Eees ; Nich. Anec. ii. 157 ; Las6gue, 409 ; 
Eose ; Chalmers. Pocockia Ser. 

Polwhele^ Rev. Richard (1760-1838): b. Truro, 6 Jan., 1760; 
d. Truro, 12 March, 1838 ; bur. St. Clement's, Truro. Of 
Polwhele, Cornwall. Vicar of Manaccan, 1794-1816. List 
of plants with Cornish names in * Hist. Cornwall,' i. 164, and 
iv. 125 ; ' Bot. Guide,' 194. Gent. Mag. 1838, i. 545. 

Pool, Thomas (fl. 1695). Of Nottingham. '* A diligent enquirer 
into Natural History," Mus. Pet. no. 89. "A curious botanist," 
Phil. Trans, xxvii. 39. 

Poole, Rev. John (c. 1771-1857) : b. Over Stowey, Somerset, 
c. 1771 ; d. 16 May, 1857. B.A. Oxon, 1792. Eector of 
Enmore, Somerset, 1796 ; of Swainswick, 1811. New Bot. 
Guide, 553. 

Portland, Margaret, Duchess of [see Habley] . 

Porter, George (fl. 1828). Of Bot. Garden, Penang. Collector 
for Wallich. See Wall. List, no. 192. 

Porter, Sir Robert Ker (1780-1842) : b. Durham, 1780; d. St. 
Petersburg, 4 May, 1842. Historical painter. H.M. Consul 
at Caraccas, 1826-41. Zoologist. Knighted, 1813. Carac- 
cas plants in Fielding's Herb, at Oxford. Journ. Bot. 1854, 
283 ; Ic. PI. 864 ; Gent. Mag. 1842, ii. 90 ; 1850, ii. 364 ; 
' Athenaeum,' 1842, 479; Bot. Mag. 3723; Allibone; Bryan; 
Hoefer ; Michaud. Porteria Hook. = Phyllactis, 

Potts, John (d. 1822): d. London?, Oct., 1822. Collector for 



138 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Hort. Soc. in China (1821) and Bengal Trans. Hort. Soc. v. 
iii. 427 ; vii. 25. Pottsia Br. 

Fotts^ John (fl. 1842-52). Manager of Mint at Chihuahua, 
Mexico. Sent plants to F. Scheer at Kew, ' Bot. Herald/ 
285. 

Power^ Rev. John (d. 1864 ?) : d. Cambridge, 1864 ?. Of 
Atherstone, Leicester. Librarian, Univ. Cambridge, 1845— 
64. * Calendar of Flora at Market Bosworth,' 1807. Jacks. 
256. 

Power^ Thomas (fl. 1845). M.D. Lecturer on Bot., Cork 
School of Medicine. * Botanist's Guide for County of Cork,' 
1845. Pritz. 252 ; Jacks. 250. 

Poynter^ Richard [see Cobbet]. 

Prescott, John D. (d. 1837) : d. St. Petersburg, 1837. Of St. 
Petersburg. Correspondent of Hooker and Lindley. ** A 
learned and indefatigable botanist," Lindley, Bot. Eeg. 1916. 
Collected in Eussia. Herbarium of 25,000 species in Field- 
ing's at Oxford. Lasegue, 279 ; Comp. Bot. Mag. ii. 342 ; 
Hook. Exot. Flora, t. 115 ; Wallich, List, p. 114. Prescotia 
Lindl. 

Preston, Charles (fl. 1696-1701). M.D. Of Edinburgh. Cor- 
respondent of Kay, who styles him ** eruditissimus vir, et 
curiosissimus stirpium observator." Sent plants from Scot- 
land and France to Plukenet. Mus. Pet. no. 266; Pluk. 
. Mant. 12 ; Herb. Sloane, xvi. Ixi. ; Eay Corr. (Derham) 308- 
16 ; Phil. Trans. 1696. Prestonia Br. 

Preston, George (fl. 1710-16). Superintendent, Edinburgh Gar- 
den, until 1716. * Catalogus omnium Plantarum, &c.,' 1710. 
** An indefatigable botanist," Blair, Bot. Essays, pref. Misc. 
Essays, 101. Pult. ii. 9 ; Jacks. 411. 

Price, John (1803 ?-87) : d. Chester, 1887. Of Chester. M.A. 
* Old Price's Eemains.' Papers on proliferous leaves in Liver- 
pool Nat. Scrap-book and Proc. Chester Soc. Nat. Science 
(1878). E. S. C. viii. 662 ; Journ. Bot. 1888, 32. 

Pritchard, Stephen P. (fl. 1836). List of plants of St. Helena, 
1836. Pritz. 253 ; Jacks. 353. 

Pryor, Alft*ed Reginald (1839-81): b. Hatfield, Herts., 24 
April, 1839; d. Baldock, Herts, 18 Feb., 1881; bur. Bal- 
dock. B.A. Oxon, 1862. F.L.S., 1874. * Notes on Flora 
of Hertfordshire,' Trans. Watford Nat. Hist. Soc. 1875-6. 
'Flora of Hertfordshire,' ed. B. D. Jackson, 1887. Library 
and herbarium bequeathed to Herts. Nat. Hist. Soc. Jacks. 
594 ; Journ. Bot. 1881, 276 ; Fl. Hertfordsh. xliv. ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1880-82, 19. 

Priestley^ Joseph (1733-1804) : b. Fieldhead, Leeds, 24 March, 
1733 ; d. Northumberland, Pennsylvania, 6 Feb., 1804. 
F.E.S., 1766. LL.D. Edin., 1767. Went to America, 1794, 
' Experiments relating to Nat. Philosophy,' 1781 (dealing 
with chlorophylHan action). E. S. C. v. 19 ; Memoirs, partly 
autob., 1806-7 ; Life by Corry, 1805 ; Misc. Works, 1817-34, 
with bibliog. ; Chalmers ; Hoefer ; Michaud (by Cuvier) ; 
AUibone; Gent. Mag. 1804, i. 375. Port, in 'Profiles of 



I 



BBITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS. 139 

Warrington Worthies/ Statue at Birmingham. Priest^ 
ley a DC. 

Pulteney^ Richard (1730-1801) : b. Loughborough, Leicester. 
17 Feb., 1730 ; d, Blandford, Dorset, 13 Oct., 1801 ; bur. 
Langton, near Blandford. M.D. Edin., 1764; L.E.C.P., 
1766. F.L.S., 1790; F.E.S., 1762; F.E.S.E., 1793. Prac- 
tised as surgeon at Leicester, and from 1765 at Blandford. 
Contributed list of plants to Nichols' * Hist. Leicestershire ' ; 
and to Hutchins' *Hist. Dorset.' 'View of Writings of 
LinnaBus,' 1781. 'Biographical Sketches,' 1790. MS. 
' Flora Anglica ' in Bot. Dept., Mus. Brit. Eees ; Pritz. 254 ; 
Jacks. 594 ; Memoir by Maton in ' Writings of LinnsBUS,' 
ed. 2, with portr. ; Gent. Mag., Ixxi. (1801), 1068, 1207 ; Fl. 
Leic. p. xi. ; Munk, ii. 264 ; Cott. Gard. viii. 315 ; Gorham, 
102 ; Nich. Anec. viii. 196, and Hist. Leicester, iii. 848, both 
with portr. engr. Basire, after oil by T. Beach (1788) at Linn. 
Soc. Collections in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Portr. Kew. 
Pultencea Sm. 

Purdie, WiUiam (d. 1857) : d. Trinidad, 10 Oct., 1857. Kew 
Collector in Trop. America and W. Indies. Journal in Journ. 
Bot. 1844-5. Curator, Bot. Gard. Trinidad, 1846. Plants 
at Kew. Journ. Bot. 1847, 40; Gard. Chron. 1857, 792; 
E. S. C. V. 43. Purdiaa Planch. 

Furton^ Thomas (1768-1833) : b. Endon Burnell, Bridgnorth, 
Salop, 10 May, 1768 ; d. Alcester, Warwick, 29 April, 1833. 
Surgeon. Practised in London, 1791-5, and then at Alcester. 
Fungologist. Friend of Smith, W. J. Hooker, Greville, and 
Sowerby. * Midland Flora,' 1817-21. Pritz. 255; Jacks. 
246 ; E. S. C. v. 46 ; Mag. Nat. Hist. ix. (1836), 606; Lees' 
'Botany of Worcester,' Ixxxix. ; Fl. Warwicksh. 495. 

Quekett^ Edwin John (1808-47) : b. Langport, Somerset, Sept., 
1808 ; d. 28 June, 1847. Microscopist and Surgeon. F.L.S., 
1836. Lect. Bot. London Hosp., 1835. Orig. Memb. E. 
Microscopic Soc. E. S. C. v. 53 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 378 ; 
Phyt. iii. 110. Qtcekettia Lindl. 

Quekett^ John Thomas (1815-61) : b. Langport, Somerset, 
1815 ; d. Pangbourne, Berks, 20 Aug., 1861. Brother of pre- 
ceding. Microscopist. Professor of Histology, E. Coll. Surg., 
1856. F.L.S., 1857; F.E.S., 1860. ' Lectures on Histology,' 
1852-4. ^Cat. Fossil PI. in Mus. Eoy. Coll. Surgeons,' 1855. 
Pritz. 255 ; Jacks. 594 ; E. S. C. v. 553 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1861-2, xciii. ; Gent. Mag. 1861, ii. 338, 454; * Athenaeum,' 
1861, ii. 254. 

Quicke^ William (fl. 1600). Apothecary. Found Smymium. 
Parkinson, ' Theatrum,' 930. 

Rainey^ George (fl. 1842-73). Lecturer on Micros. Anatomy, 
St. Thomas' Hospital. * Sap,' 1847. * Starch-granules,' Quart. 
Journ. Micros. Sci. viii. 1860, 1. Pritz. 256 ; Jacks. 80 ; 
E. S. C. V. 79 ; viii. 689. 

Ralflsi, John (1807-90) : b. Millbrook, Southampton, 13 Sept.. 



140 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OP 

1807 ; d. Penzance, 14 July, 1890 ; bur. Penzance Cemetery. 

M.B.C.S., 1832. Settled in Penzance, 1837. ' British Des- 

midesB,* 1848. Papers in Eeports Penzance Nat. Hist. Soc. 

Collections in Bot. Dept. Brit. Mus. Pritz. 256 ; Jacks. 595 ; 

E. S. C. V. 80 ; Journ. Bot., 1890, 289 (w. portr.). Balfsia 

Berkeley. 
Ram^ WilUam (fl. 1606). Public Notary of Colchester, Ger. 

278. ' Little Dodeon,' 1606 (epitome of Lyte's Herbal). 
Ramsay^ James (1812-88) : b. Kilwinning, Ayrshire, 1812 ; d. 

Glasgow, 10 Sept., 1888. Lect. Bot. Glasgow Mechanics* 

Inst., 1867-8, Papers on Scottish Plants in Proc. N. H. S. 

Glasgow, 1859-75. Proc. Nat. Hist. Glasgow, iii. (n. s.) vii. 
Ramsay^ Lady Susan Georgiana nSe Hay (d. 1853) : d. 4 

May, 1853 ; m. J. A. Eamsay, 10th Earl of Dalhousie, 1836. 

Collected in Simla (extensively) and Penang. Sent plants 

to Sir W. J. Hooker. Herbarium at Edinburgh. Fl. Indica, 

70 ; Phyt. iv. 461 Asplenium DalhousuB Hook. 
Rand^ Isaac (d. 1743) : d. London, 1743. Apothecary in the 

Haymarket. F.E.S. Praefectus Horti Chelsiani, 1724-43. 

* Index pi. ofl&cin. hort. Chels.,' 1730. 'Hort. Chels. index 
compendiarius,* 1739. Helped Elizabeth Blackwell in ' Curi- 
ous Herbal.' Lists of Chelsea plants in Birch MSS. PL 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Jacks. 410 ; Journ. Bot. 1863, 32 ; 
Eich. Corr. 125 ; Semple, 41-63 ; Fl. Midd. 388. Bandia L. 

Rashleigh, WUliam (fl. 1809). Of ComwaU. Algologist. Cor- 
respondent of Dawson Turner. Turn. Fuci, ii. 43. 
Rattray^ James (fl. 1835). Surgeon. Lect. Bot. Glasgow. 

* Botanical Chart,' 1835. Pritz. ed. i., 241 ; Jacks. 234. 
Rauthmell, Rev. Richard (fl. 1727-46) : b. Little Bowland, 

West Yorkshire ; bur. Chipping, Lancashire. B.A. Camb., 
1713. Curate of Whitewell, Bowland. Formed a herbarium, 
Eich. Corr. 314, 355. 

Ravenshaw^ Rev. Thomas Fitzarthur Torin (1829 ?-82) : 
b. London, 1829?: d. London, 26 Sept., 1882. M.A. Oxon, 
1854. Eector of Pewsey, Wilts, 1857. Contrib. to ' Phytol.,' 
1857-9. ' Flowering Plants of Devon,' 1860 ; ed. 2, 1872. 
'Botany of N. Devon' in Stewart's N. Devon Handbook, 
1874. Jacks. 250 ; E. S. C. v. 110 ; Journ. Bot. 1882, 352. 

Ray, Rev. John (1627-1705) : b. Black Notley, Essex, 29 Nov., 
1627; d. same place, 17 Jan., 1705; bur. Black Notley 
Churchyard. M.A. Camb. 1651. F.E.S., 1667. *Cata- 
logus pi. circ. Cantab.,' 1660. ' Cat. pi. AnglisB,' 1670 ; ed. 2, 
1677. 'Methodus,' 1682. * Historia Plantarum,' 1686- 
1704. * Synopsis,' 1690 ; ed. 2, 1696. European herbarium 
and letters in Mus. Brit. Pult. i. 189 ; Eees ; Pritz. 257 ; 
Jacks. 596 ; ' Memorials ' by Lankester, 1846 ; * Correspon- 
dence,' 1848 ; Gibson, Fl. Essex, 444 ; Cott. Gard. v. 221 ; 
Journ. Hort. xxi. (1876), 512, with portr. ; Trans. Essex 
Field Club, iv. 171 ; Proc. Essex Field Club, iv., clix. Portr. 
and bust, Trin. Coll. Camb. ; portr. Nat. Portr, Gallery ; 
Kew, &c. Wedgwood medalUon. Bajania L, 

Rayer^ Jacob (d. circ. 1796). Apothecary? of Bolt Court, 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 141 

Fleet Street. Friend of Smith. Botanised in home coun- 
ties. Contributed to Eng. Bot. 1790-6 (tt. 65, 71, &c.). 

Rea^ John (d. 1681) : d. Kinlet, near Bewdley, Nov., 1861. 
Nurseryman. * Flora, Ceres and Pomona,' 1665 ; ed. 2, 
1696. Introduced Corylus Golurna, 1665. Pritz; 257; 
Journ. Hort. 1876, 172. 

Reade^ Rev. Joseph Bancroft (1801-70) : b. Leeds, 1 April, 
1801; d. 1870. M.A. Camb., 1828. F.B.S. Microscopist. 
One of founders and President, Microscopical Soc. * Spiral 
vessels in roots,' Mag. Zool. Bot. i. (1838), 111. Monthly 
Microscopical Journal, v. 92. E. S. C. v. 114 ; viii. 710. 

Reeks, Henry (1838-82) : b. Standen, Berks, 15 March, 1838 ; 
d. Thruxton, Hants, 20 Feb., 1882. F.L.S., 1866. * New- 
foundland Plants,' Journ. Bot. 1871, 16. 'Plants of East 
Woodhay,' Eep. Newbury Field Club, 1870-1. Jacks. 364; 
E. S. C. viii. 714 ; Journ. Bot. 1882, 352 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1880-2, 65. 

Reeves, John (1774-1856) : b. West Ham, 1 May, 1774 ; d. 
Clapham, 22 March, 1856. F.L.S., 1817; F.E.S., 1817. 
' Father of the following. Went to China as inspector of tea 
to H.E.I.C, 1812-31. Lived at Macao, afterwards at Clap- 
ham. Correspondent of Banks. Sent home Wistaria, Made 
collection of drawings of Chinese plants, now in Bot. Dept., 
Brit. Mus. E. S. C. v. 127 ; Gard. Chron. 1856, 212 ;. Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1856, xliii. ; Cott. Gard. xvi. 21. Beevesia Lindl. 

Reeves, John Russell (1804-77): b. 1804; d. Wimbledon, 
Surrey, 1 May, 1877. F.E.S., 1832. Lived thirty years in 
Canton. Had a herbarium. Journ. Bot. 1877, 192 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1877, i. 604. 

Reeves, Rev. John William (fl. 1843). M.A. Camb., 1843. 
Herbarium, including that of Dean Garnier, in Winchester 
Public Library. Fl. Hampshire, xx., xxii. 

Reeves^ Walter Waters (1819-92) : b. Beckley, Sussex, 14 
Feb., 1819 ; d. Middleton Vicarage, Pickering, Yorkshire, 18 
May, 1892. F.E.M.S., 1864. Assist. Sec, 1868-84. One 
of founders of Quekett Club. * PI. at Famham,' Bot. Gazette, 
1850-76; Journ. Bot. 1871, 1872 and 1874. Contrib. to 
Brewer's * Flora of Surrey.' Had a herbarium. E. S. C. v. 
127. Journ. Bot. 1892, 212. 

Reid, Eliza P. (fl. 1826). Of Windsor. 'Historical and 
Literary Botany,' 3 vols., 1826. Pritz. 119 ; Jacks. 214. 

Reid^ Francis A. (fl. 1852). Lieut. Sec. Madras Horticult. 
Soc. and Director of its garden. Beidia Y^ight =Phyllanthus, 

Reid, Hugo (fl. 1832-70). Of Edinburgh. Lect. Nat. Philo- 
sophy, Liverpool High School. * Outlines of Medical Botany,' 
1832. ' Botanical Classification,' 1838. * Science of Botany,' 
1837. Pritz. 260 ; Jacks, 597 ; Allibone. 

Reid^ James (fl. 1692). Sent plants from Barbadoes to Petiver 
and Courten. * Plants from Barbadoes by James Eeid the 
Quaker, sent thither on King William's account, 1692 ' ; 
Herb. Sloane, 55. Mus. Pet. no. 31 {Bheed). Plukenet, 
Aim. 15 {Beede), 



142 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Kelhan, Rev. Richard (1763-1823) : b. 1763 ; d. 21 March, 
1823. M.A. Camb. 1779. F.L.S., 1788. F.R.S. ' Flora Can- 
tabrigiensis/ 1785-93 ; ed. 2, 1802 ; ed. 3, 1820. ' Heads of 
Lectures on Botany,' 1787. Contrib. to B. Bot. Pritz. 260 ; 
Jacks. 597 ; Babington, Fl. Cambridge, x. ; Bot. Guide, 41, 
335 (138, 288, 333) ; Gorham, 126; Rose ; Allibone. Belhania 
L'H6rit. 

Rennie^ Rev. James (d. 1867): d. Australia, 1867. M.A. 
Trof. Zool. King's Coll., London. In Australia fr. 1840. 
' Magazine of Botany,' 1833-4. * Alphabet of Botany,' 1833. 

* Handbook of Bot.' 1834. * Familiar Introduction to Botany,' 
1849. Jacks. 597 ; R. S. C. v. 162, viii. 731 ; Allibone. 

Reynardson^ Samuel (d. 1721) : d. Hillingdon, Middlesex, 
1721. Of Cedar House, Hillingdon, fr. 1678. Had green- 
houses, a fine collection, museum and library and '* great 
correspondence abroad." Collection sold to Robert Walpole. 
Plukenet, Amaltheum. 63. Mantissa, 51, 147. Loudon, 

* Arboretum,' 56, 59, 61. 

Rhind, William (fl. 1833-67). M.R.C.S. Lect. Bot. Mari- 
schal Coll., Aberdeen. * History of Veg. Kingdom,' 1840-1. 
' Catechism of Bot.' 1833. Pritz. 262 ; Jacks. 597. 

Rhydderch^ Sion^ alias Roderick^ John (fl. 1737). Printer. 
Of Shrewsbury. ' Y geir Cyfr Saesneg a Chymraeg,' * An 
Enghsh- Welsh Herbal,' 1737. Davies, * Welsh Botanology,' 
p. vii. 

Richards, Thomas (fl. 1753-1816). Of Coychurch. * Welsh 
and EngUsh Botanology,' in ' AntiqusB Linguae BritannicsB 
Thesaurus,' 1816. Davies' ' Welsh Botanology,' p. vii. 

Richardson, David Lester (1800-65). Major in Bengal 
army. In India 1819-27, 1829-61. Principal of Hindoo 
College, Calcutta. Editor from 1861 of Allen's * Indian 
Mail.' * Flowers and Elower-gardens,' 1855. Pritz. 263; 
Jacks. 215 ; Memoir by J. W. Kaye, in * Calcutta Eeview,' 
vol. xvi. ; Allibone. 

Richardson, Sir John (1787-1865) : b. Dumfries, 5 Nov., 1787; 
d. Grasmere, Westmoreland, 5 June, 1865. F.E.S. F.L.S. 
M.D. Edin., 1816. Surgeon and Naturalist in Franklin's 
1st (1819) and 2nd (1825-8) Expeditions ; 3rd Arctic Expe- 
dition, 1851 ; made large collections. Knighted, 1846. Bot. 
Misc. i. 70. Plants at British Museum and Kew. Pritz. 
263 ; Jacks. 223 ; E. S. C, v. 188, yiii. 744; ' Life,' by Eev. 
John Mcllraith, 1868 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1865-6, Ixxxiv. ; 
Proc. Eoy. Soc. xv. p. xxxvii. ; Allibone. Heitchera Bichard- 
sonii Br. 

Richardson^ Richard (1663-1741) : b. North Bierly, near 
Bradford, Yorks., 6 Sept., 1663 ; d. same place, 21 April, 
1741 ; bur. White Chapel Church, nr. Gleckheaton. M.B. 
Oxon ; M.D. Leyden, 1699. F.E.S., 1712.* Found Tri- 
chomanes radicans, in Yorks. Phil. Trans, no. 128, p. 526. 
' De cultu hortorum,' 1699. Contrib. to Bay's * Synopsis,' 
ed. 3. MS. 'DeUciflB Hortenses,' 1696, and * Index Hort. 
Bierleiensis,' 1737. * Correspondence,' 1836, w. portr. Plants 



BEITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 143 

in Herb. Dillenius at Oxford, and in Herb. Sloans, 61, 72, 
79, 114, 145, 146. Pult. ii. 185 ; Pritz. 263 ; Jacks. 4 ; Nich. 
lUust. i. 225, w. portr. viii. 1858 ; ix. 804 ; Petiver, Mus. 
95 ; Loud. Gard. Mag. iii. 127 ; Salisb. Gen. 114. Medallion 
on tomb. Bichardia L. ; Bichardsonia Kunth. 

Kichardson^ Rev. William (d. 1768) : b. Ullswater, Cumber- 
land. Eector of Dacre, Cumberland, 1742. Prepared the 
flora for Hutchinson's *Hist. of Cumberland.' Baker, Fl. 
Lake District, 9 ; Bot. Guide, 143. 

Kichardson, Rev. William (1740-1820) : b. Ireland, 1740 ; d. 
Clonfele, co. Antrim, 1820. D.D. Agriculturist. Of Moy 
and Clonfele. 'Useful Grasses,' Trans. Irish Acad. xi. 88 
(1810). 'Fiorin Grass,' Phil. Mag. 1816, 136. E. S. C. v. 
190 ; Donaldson's Agric. Biog. 108. 

Richardson^ William (1797-1879) : b. Hebburn, Northumber- 
land, 31 Aug., 1797 ; d. Alnwick, 18 April, 1879. Saddler. 
Of Alnwick. Member of Bot. Exchange Club. Discovered 
Psamma baltica. Joum. Bot. 1872, 21 ; Proc. Berwicksh. 
Field Club, ix. 184 ; E. S. C. v. 67 {'' W. E., jun."), viii. 744. 

Kickman^ Miss Josephina Christiana (1808-92) : b. 15 Sept., 
1808; d. Croydon, 18 May, 1892. Eediscovered Isnardia 
at Petersfield in 1835. 

Kiley, John (d. 1846) : d. York, 1846. Of Papplewick, near 
Nottingham. F.B.S.E. Local Sec. Bot. Soc. Lond. 1843. 

* Hybridity in ferns,' Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. 60. * Catalogue 
of Ferns, after Sprengel.' 1841. Had a fern herbarium. Pritz. 
264 ; Phyt. ii. 779. 

Kitchie, Joseph (d. 1821) : d. Mourzouk, 26 November, 1821. 
African Traveller. Collected near Tripoli, &c., and made 
notes on the plants. Appendix to * Denham and Clapperton's 
Travels,' 209; Huish, * Travels of E. and J. Lander.' 
Bitchiea Br. 

Ritson, A. (fl. 1832). * Spring Flowers,' 1832. Jacks. 38. 

Roberts^ David (fl 1820). Surgeon. Of Melin-y-coed, Llanrwst. 
Son of Eichard Eoberts, with whom he annotated Withering. 
Williams, ' Faunula Grustensis,' 4. 

Roberts^ John (d. before 1843). A.L.S. Miller. Of Salisbury 
and subsequently of Norwich. Helped Maton with botany 
of Salisbury. Maton, * Nat. Hist. Wilts,' 10. 

Roberts^ Miss Mary (1789-1864) ; b. Painswick ?, Gloucester- 
shire, 1789 ; d. Brompton, 13 Jan., 1864 ; bur. Brompton 
Cemetery. ' Wonders of Veg. Kingdom,' 1822. * Annals of 
my Village,' 1831. * Plants and Animals of America,' 1839. 

* Flowers of Matin and Evensong,' 1845. ' Voices from the 
Woodlands,' 1850. Jacks. 245; Friends' Books, ii. 500; 
Allibone. 

Roberts^ Richard (d. before 1828). Of Mehn-y-coed, Llanrwst. 

Knew Brit, plants well. Annotated Withering. WiUiams, 

' Faunula Grustensis,' 4. 
Robertson, Archibald (fl. 1822). M.D. Of Edinburgh. * Col- 

loquia de rebus praecipuis physiologies Vegetabilium atque 

botanices,' 1822. Pritz. 265. 



144 BIOGEAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Robertson^ Beojamin (d. 1800). Of Stockwell. Had a bot. 
garden at Stockwell. Friend of A. H. Haworth. Haworth, 
* Miscellanies,' 190. Bohertsonia Haw. = Saxifraga. 

Robertson^ James (fl. 1768). Pupil of John Hope. ** Em- 
ployed by the Commissioners of the Annexed States to 
make a botanical survey of the distant parts of Scotland.'* 
Found Eriocaulonin Skye, 1768. Phil. Trans, lix. 241. 

Robertson^ John (d. 1865} : b. Perthshire ; d. Glasgow, 24 
March, 1865. A.B.S.Ed., 1863. Gardener at Kew and 
at Kinfauns Castle. Prepared * Flora of Perthshire' (un- 
published). Trans. Bot. Soc. ed. viii. 337 ; E. S. C. v. 230. 

Robertson, William (fl. 1814). Of Newcastle. Friend of 
Alder and Hancock. " A very accurate investigator of 
lichens." E. Bot. 2602. Plants in Newcastle Museum. 

Robertson, William Henry (fl. 1832-66). M.D. Of Chester- 
field and Buxton. ' Two Lectures on circulation ... of 
Animals and Plants, with a short account of mode of growth 
in Monocotyledonous and Dicot. Stems,' 8vo, pp. 32, London, 
1832. ' Handbook to Peak of Derbyshire,' London, 1854 ; 
later ed. 1866. 

Robinson^ Anthony (d. before 1814). Surgeon. Of Sunderland. 
Went to Jamaica. MSS. much used bv Lunan in * Hortus 
Jamaicensis ' (see * Notice to Subscribers ' and i. 273). 
Amyris Bobinsonii DC. 

Robinson^ James Frodsham (1838-84) : b. Netherton, Frod- 
sham, Cheshire, 16 July, 1838; d. Frodsham, 4 Nov., 1884. 
Druggist. Went to Montpellier to collect for Mr. George 
Maw, circ. 1868, and then to Norway. Curator, Museum of 
Owen's College, Manchester, circ. 1879-82. Sent lists of 
Carnarvon, Flint, and Anglesea plants to Top. Bot., none of 
which are to be accepted as accurate ; Top. Bot. 654, ed. 1, 
618, ed. 2. E. S. C. v. 238, viii. 764. 

Robinson^ John^ alias Fitz-Eoberts (fl. 1696). Of the Gill, 
Kendal. Correspondent of Petiver and Eay. E. Syn. ed. 2, 
57, &c. ; C. Nicholson, ' Annals of Kendal,' 344. ** A curious 
naturalist," Phil. Trans, xxvii. 376. 

Robinson^ Sir Tancred (d. 1748) : b. Yorksh. ; d. 29 March, 
1748. M.B. Camb., 1679; M.D., 1685; F.E.S., 1684; 
F.E..C.P., 1687. Friend of Eay. Physician in ordinary to 
George I. Knighted, 1714?. Studied, w. Sloane, under 
Tournefort. ' Tubera terras,' Phil. Trans. 1693. '' Vir de re 
herbaria optime meritus," Plukenet, ' Almagestum,' 11. Pult. 
ii. 118 ; Eay, Mem. 10 ; Munk, i. 469 ; Fl. West Eiding, 41. 

Robinson^ Rev. Thomas (d. 1719) : Eector of Ousby, Cumber- 
land, 1672-1719. Correspondent of Eay. ' Natural History 
of Westmoreland and Cumberland,' 1709. Pult. i. 354. 

Robinson, Mrs. (d. 1847). Of Fareham, Hants. Friend of 
Eev. G. E. Smith. Discovered Statice bahtisiensis, 1840. 
Herb, bequeathed to Brit. Mus. 

Robley, Augusta J, (Mrs.) (fl. 1845). Daughter of Mrs. J. W. 
Penfold (q.v.). Selection of Madeira Flowers,' 1815. Pritz. 
265 ; Jacks. 353. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 145 

Robson, Edward (1763-1813): b. Darlington, 17 Oct., 1763; 
d. 21 May, 1813. Of Darlington. A.L.S., 1789. Nephew 
of Stephen Eobson. Correspondent of Withering. De- 
scribed Bibes spicatum in Trans. Linn. Soc. iii. 240. *' A 
very assiduous and accurate botanist," E. Bot. 70. " Accom- 
plished draughtsman,'* Longstaffe. Drawing of Geaster^ 
Gent. Mag. Feb., 1792. Contrib. to E. Bot. (92, 611, 1290, 
&c.), and lists in Brewster's Stockton, and Hutchinson's 
Durham. E. S. C. v. 243 ; Longstaffe, ' Hist, Darlington,' 
p. 370 ; H. Ecroyd Smith, ' Annals of Smith of Cautley,' 
p. 149. 

Robson^ Joseph (d. 1886) : Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1885. 
Of Whitehaven. A.L.S., 1864. Cat. of pi. of Gosforth, Cum- 
berland. Phyt. V. 1864, 1 ; E. S. C. v. 243. 

Robson, Stephen (1741-79) : b. 24 June, 1741 ; d. 16 May, 
1779. Of Darlington. Correspondent of Curtis. * British 
Flora,' 1777. * Plantae rariores agro Dunelmensi indigensB ' 
(privately printed) ; Bot. Guide, 241. MS. of * Flora,' letters 
and herbarium in possession of his grandson, Edward Capper 
Eobson, of Sunderland. Pritz. 266 ; Jacks. 232 ; Longstaffe, 
' Hist. Darhngton,' p. 370 ; H. Ecroyd Smith, ' Annals of 
Smith of Cautley,' p. 163. 

Roby^ John (fl. 1838). Banker. Author of * Traditions of Lan- 
cashire.' Lectured on bot. at Rochdale, w. lantern, in 1838,. 
Naturalist, iv. (1838-9), 66. * Tour in Belgium, Switzerland, 
&c.,' 1838 (contains localities of plants). 

Roderick^ J. [see Ehyddebgh]. 

Roe, John Septimus (d. 1878) : d. Perth, W. Australia, 28 
May, 1878. E.N. ; F.L.S., 1828. Surveyor- General, W. 
Australia, 1828. Travelled in West Australia, 1848-9. Col- 
lected in Australia, 1836-6. Sent plants to Hiigel and 
Hooker. Fl. Tasm. cxxi. ; Journ. Bot. 1864-6 ; E. S. C. 
V. 261 ; Proc. E. Geogr. Soc. n.s. i. 277. Boea Hiig. = 
Sphcerolobium Benth. 

Roebuck, John (1718-94) : b. Sheffield, 1718 ; d. 17 July, 1794. 
M.D. Leyden, 1743. Chemist, manufacturer, and iron- 
master. * On ripening and filling of com,' Trans. E. S. E. i. 
1788, 17. E. S. C. V. 261 ; Hoefer. 

Rogers, John (1762-1842): b. Eichmond, Surrey, 10 Feb., 1762; 
d. Southampton, 9 Nov., 1842; bur. All Saints' Burial-ground, 
Southampton. Gardener in Eoyal Gardens, Eichmond. Had 
a herbarium. Autobiog. w. etched portr. by Frank McFadden^ 
1889. 

Rogers, John (fl. 1818-46). ?M.A. Oxon; F.L.S., 1833. 
'Vegetable remains, Porthleven,' Trans. Geol. Soc. Cornwall, 
i. 1818, 236. E. S. C. v. 264. 

Roget, Peter Mark (1779-1869) : b. London, 18 Jan., 1779; 
d. West Malvern, 13 Sept., 1869. M.D. Edin., 1798; 
L.E.C.P., 1809; F.E.C.P., 1832. F.E.S., 1814; Sec. E. S., 
1827. * Animal and Vegetable Physiology,' Bridgewater 
Treatise, 1834. Jacks. 69 ; Proc. Eoy. Soc. xviii. 38 ; Munk, 
iii. 71. Portr. engr. Eddis. 

11 



146 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Ronalds, Hugh (1759-1833) : b. Brentford, 4 March, 1759 ; d, 
Brentford, 18 Nov. 1833. Nurseryman and seedsman. * Pyrus 
Mains Brentfordiensis,' 1831, illustrated by his daughter 
Elizabeth. Formed a herbarium of Kew plants. Pritz. 268; 
Gent. Mag. 1834, i. 337 ; Loud. Gard. Mag. x. 96. 

Booke, Hayman (fl. 1783-99). Major, E.A. Of Whitehaven, 
Cumberland, Botanical Artist. * Travels to Arabia FeUx,' 
1783. ' Oaks at Welbeck,' 1790. ' Sherwood Forest,' 1799. 
Pritz. 268 ; Baker, Fl. Lake Distr. 14 ; Allibone. 

Rootsey, Samuel (1788-1855); b. Colchester, 12 Feb., 1788; 
d. Bristol, 4 Sept., 1855. F.L.S., 1811. Druggist at Bristol, 
1812. Lectured on Botany at Bristol and elsev^here. * Sylla- 
bus of Bot. Lectures,' 1818. * On the Medical Plants of 
Shakespeare,' Trans. Med. -bot. Soc, 1832. Had a her- 
barium. Contributed to Swete's Fl. Bristoliensis, see pref. 
vi. Jacks. 36 ; E. S. C. v. 271 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1856, xlv. 

Roscoe^ Mrs. Edward (fl. 1829). ' Floral lUustr. of the Sea- 
sons,' 1829. Pritz. 269 ; Jacks. 407. 

Roscoe, William (1753-1831) : b. Liverpool, 8 March, 1753 ; 
d. Toxteth Park, Liverpool, 30 June, 1831. F.L.S., 1804. 
Founded Liverpool Bot. Garden, 1802. M.P. for Liverpool, 
1806. Correspondent of Smith. * Scitamineae,' 1824-8. 
Contrib. to Linn. Trans., 1806-14. Pritz. 269 ; Jacks, 599 ; 
E. S. C. V. ,274 ; ' Life,' by . his son Henry, 1833 ; Smith. 
Corresp. ii. 301 ; Gent. Mag. 1832, ii. 179; Allibone; Hoefer; 
Michaud. Wedgwood medallion. Portr. at Kev7, engrav. fr. 
cast by J. Gibson. Boscoea Sm. 

Rose, Hugh (d. before 1795). Of Norwich. Apothecary. Cor- 
respondent of Hudson. Taught J. E. Smith. Had a her- 
barium. * Elements of Bot.,' 1775. Pritz. 269 ; Jacks, 599 ; 
Linn. Trans, vii. 297. 

Rosenberg, Miss M. E. (fl. 1839-45). Of Bath. < Coronna 
AmarylUdacea,' 1839. ' Museum of Flowers,' 1845.. Jacks. 
41. 

Roupell, Mrs. A. E. (fl. 1849). Drew plates of * Specimen of 
Fl. of South Africa,' 1849. Pritz. 270; Jacks. 347; Bot. 
Mag. 4466. Boupellia Hook. 

Rowden, Miss Frances Arabella (fl. 1801-10). Of Hans 
Place, Chelsea. 'Poetical Introduction to Botany,' 1801. 
Jacks. 212. 

Roxburgh, William (1759-1815) : b. Craigie, Ayrshire, 1759 ; 
d. Edinburgh, May, 1815. M.D. ; F.L.S., 1799. H.E.I.C. 
Medical Service. Superintendent, Calcutta Garden, 1793- 
1814. At Cape and St. Helena on way home in 1814. 
List of St. H. Plants in Beatson's * Tracts relating to 
St. Helena.' ' PI. of Coromandel Coast, 1795-8. * Hortus 
Bengalensis,' 1814. * Flora Indica' (posthumous), 1820-32. 
MS. Fl. Indica and drawings of Palms in Bot. Dept., Brit. 
« Mus. Other drawings at Kew and Calcutta Bot. Gard. 
Plants at Brit. Mus. and Kew. Pritz. 271; Jacks. 600; 
E. S. C. V. 314 ; Pref. to * Flora Indica ' and ' Coromandel 
PL' ; Cott. Gard. vi. 65 ; Allibone. Portr. at Kew, engr. by 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 147 

Warner fr. pen and ink sketch by Sir W. J. Hooker. Monu- 
ment in Calcutta Garden. Boxburghia Dryand. 

^oyds, Sir John (fl. 1819). Puisne Judge, Supreme Court of 
Bengal. " A zealous botanist and an eminent benefactor of 
the science." Roxburgh, Coromandel Plants, iii. 87. Boydsia 
Roxb. 

Jtoyle, John Forbes (1800-58) : b. Cawnpore, 1800 ; d. Acton, 
Middlesex, 2 Jan., 1856. M.D. Munich, 1833 ; F.L.S., 1833; 
F.R.S., 1837. Surgeon in H.E.I.C. Medical Service in Ben- 
gal, 1820. Curator, Saharunpur, 1823-31. Prof. Mat. Medic. 
King's Coll., London, 1837-56. Sec. Roy. Hort. Soc, 
* Manual of Materia Medica,' 1847. * Botany of Himalayas,' 
1834-8. ' Fibrous PI. of India,' 1855. Pritz. 271 ; Jacks. 
600 ; R. S. C. V. 316 ; Proc. Roy. Soc. ix. 547 ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. 1858, xxxi. ; Flora Indica, 64 ; Gard. Chron. 1858, 20 ; 
Cott. Gard. xix. 225, 249. Boylea Wall. 

Hozea^ Richard (d. circ. 1829). Surgeon, of Marylebone. Her- 
barium collected, 1815-23, w. W. F. Goodger, afterwards in 
possession of E. G. Varenne. Fl. Midd. 398. 

Rudge, Edward (1763-1846) : b. Evesham, 27 June, 1763 ; d. 
Evesham, 3 Sept., 1846. F.L.S., 1802; F.R.S., 1805. 
*Plantarum GuiansB Icones,' 1805-7. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 
315, 337 ; Bot. Mag. 935 ; Linn. Trans, viii. 326. Herb, in 
Herb. Mus. Brit. Pritz. 272 ; Jacks. 875 ; R. S. C. v. 322 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1846, ii. 652. Budgea Salisb. 

Rudge, Samuel (fl. 1820). Uncle of foregoing. Of Elstree, 
Herts. Collected about Elstree, and Sonning, Berks. Plants 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 337 ; Pryor, Fl. 
Herts, xlii. 

Rufibrd, Rev. W. S. (d. 1836). Of Badsey. Assisted Purton 
in the * Midland Flora,' his wife drav^ing some of the plates 
and also collecting plants. Had a herbarium. Purton, Mid- 
land Flora, pref. iv., Appx. vii. 277, &c. ; Mag. Nat. Hist. ix. 
605. 

Rusholm^ — (fl. 1686). Last gardener of Westminster Phy- 
sick Garden. Garden pi. in Herb. Sloane, 24-26 and 110. 

Russell^ or Russel, Alexander (d. 1768) : b. Edinburgh ; d. 
Walbrook, 28 Nov., 1768. M.D. Glasgow; L.R.C.P. 1760. 
F.R.S. Physician to English factory at Aleppo, circ. 1740- 
55, * Nat. Hist, of Aleppo,' 1756, plates by Ehret. Plants 
in Herb. Mus. Brit. Jacks. 510 ; * Essay on character of 
....,' by Fothergill, 1770; Munk, ii. 230; Gent. Mag. xli. 
Portrait by Dance, engr. by T. Trotter, 1770. Busselia 
Jacq. 

Russell^ Anna, nee Woesley (1807-76) : b. Amo's Vale, Bristol, 
Nov., 1807; d. Kenilworth, 11 Nov., 1876. Of Kenil- 
worth. Studied and drew fungi. Contrib. list of Newbury 
pi. to Phyt. iii. 716, and list from Bristol to N. B. G. Cor- 
respondent of H. C. Watson. 730 Drawings of fungi in Mus. 
Brit. Jacks. 257 ; R. S. C. viii. 800 ; Top. Bot. (ed. ii.) 655 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1877, 32 ; Fl. Warwicksh. 505. 

Russell^ John, 6th Duke of Bedford (1766-1839 : b. 6 July, 



148 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1766 ; d. London, 20 Oct., 1839. Succeeded 1802. F.L.S., 
1816. Wrote introductions to bot. works issued in connection 
with Woburn Abbey. Pritz. 274 ; * Letter on the late Duke 
of Bedford,* by Sir W. J. Hooker. Bedfordia DC. 

Russell^ John (fl. 1845). Theory of Vegetation.' Journ. Agri- 
culture, 1845, 458. E. S. C. viii. 801. 

Russell, Patrick (1726-1805): b. Edinburgh, 1726; d. 1805. 
M.D. F.E.S. Brother of Alexander Eussell {q^v,). Suc- 
ceeded him at Aleppo, 1775. Edited * Natural Hist, of 
Aleppo,' ed. ii. 1789 ; * Aleppo,' ii. 238. Succeeded Koenig 
as H.E.I.C. Botanist at Madras, 1786. Collected in India- 
(Circars). Aleppo plants and drawings in Herb. Mus. Brit. ; 
Indian at Kew. Jacks. 510 ; E. S. C. v. 345 ; Cunningham^ 
Biog. Hist. Eng. viii. 118 ; Allibone. 

Rutherford, Daniel (1749-1819) : b. Edinburgh, Nov., 1749 ; d. 
Edinburgh, 15 Nov., 1819. M.D. Edin., 1772 ; F.L.S., 1796. 
Chemist. Prof. Bot. Edin., 1786. ' Characteres generum," 
1793. Jacks. 16 ; E. S. C. v. 347 ; Michaud. Engr. vignette 
portr. pub. by Thornton ; Wadd, p. 136 ; copy at Kew. 

Rutherford, Robert (fl. 1699). Surgeon. Sent plants from 
Carolina to Petiver. Mus. Pet. 46. 

Rutty, John (1697-1775) : b. Wiltshire, 25 Dec, 1697 ; d. 
Dublin, 26 April, 1775. M.D. Leyden, 1723. To Dublin, 
1724. ' Nat. Hist, of Dublin, 1772.' ' Materia Medica,' 1777. 
Chalmers ; Allibone ; Friends' Books, ii. 520. Buttya Harv.. 

Ryan, John (fl. 1797). M.D. F.L.S., 1798. Collected in 
Santa Cruz, Montserrat, and Trinidad. Furnished Yahl 
with most of plants figured in his EclogSB. Specimens in 
Mus. Brit. Vahl, Eclogse (pref. and dedication), 1797. 
Byania Vahl. 

Ryder, Thomas (fl. 1796-1800). Of San Domingo. Doctor. 
'Indian Arrow-root,' 1796. Pritz. 275; Jacks. 211. 

Sabine, Joseph (1770-1837): b. 1770; d. Hanover Square,. 
London, 24 Jan., 1837 ; bur. Kensal Green Cemetery. F.L.S., 
1798; F.E.S. Barrister. Sec. Hort. Soc, 1810. List of 
plants in Clutterbuck's ' Hist, of Herts.' 1815. Pritz. 275 ; 
E. S. C. V. 354; Gard. Mag. xiii. 144; Cott. Gard. vi. 363 ; 
Mag. Nat. Hist. n.s. i. 390 ; Pryor, Fl. Herts, xli. Litho. 
portr. after Eddis, at Kew. Sabinea DO. 

Sadler, John (1837-82): b. Gibleston, Fife, 3 Feb., 1837; d. 
Edinburgh, 9 Dec, 1882 ; bur. Warriston Cemetery. Assist- 
ant to Prof. J. H. Balfour, 1854. Sec. Bot. Soc. Edin., 1858. 
Curator Bot. Gard. Edin., 1879. Papers in Trans. B. S. Edin. 
Mosses in Brit. Mus. Jacks. 601 ; E. S. C. v. 360, viii. 808 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1882, 31 ; Gard. Chron. 1879, i. 76, 81, w. portr. ; 
1882, ii. 793 ; Hist. Berwick Nat. Club, x. 72. Salix Sadleri 
Syme. 

Saintloo^ Edward (fl. 1575). Of Somersetshire. Correspon- 
dent of Lobel. Pult. i. 106. 

Salisbury^ Richard Anthony^ nS Mabeham (1761-1829) : b. 
Leeds, 1761 ; d. London, March, 1829. Of Chapel AUerton,. 



I 



BBITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 149 

Yorksh. and afterwards of Mill Hill. Descended from Lyte. 
F.E.S. ; F.L.S., 1788. First Sec. Eoy. Hort. Soc. ' Icones/ 
1791. * Prodromus stirpium in hort. ad Chapel Allerton,' 
1796. * Paradisus Londinensis,' 1805-8. * Genera of Plants,* 
ed. J. E. Gray, 1866. Contributed to E. B. 17, 21, 262. 
Had garden at Chapel Allerton, and Collinson's at Mill 
Hill. Drawings and notes in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. 
Pritz. 276 ; Jacks. 601 ; E. S. C. v. 378 ; Lambert, ' Pinus ' ; 
Eudge, PI. Guian. pref . ; Pref . to his * Genera of Plants ' ; Journ. 
Bot. 1886, 52, 296 ; Banks Corresp. vol. x. (2). Pencil portr. 
by W. J. Burchell, 1817, at Kew. Salisburia Sm. = Ginkgo, 
Salisbury^ William (fl. 1797-1816). Nurseryman, of Chelsea. 
Partner and successor to Curtis in Brompton Garden, after- 
wards in Sloane Street, where he had botanical classes. 

* Hortus Paddingtonensis, 1797. * Hortus Siccus Grami- 
neus,' 1816. * Botanist's Companion,' 1816. Pritz. 276; 
Jacks. 601 ; Loudon, ' Arboretimi,' 75. 

Salmon, John Drew (1802 ?-59); d. London, 5 Aug., 1859. 
F.L.S., 1852. Botanist and ornithologist. Of Thetford 
(1835-48) and afterwards of Godalming. MS. Fl. of Surrey 
incorporated in Brewer's, 1863. * Fl. of Godalming,' Phyt. 
ii. 447. Herbarium and diaries in Norwich Museum. Pritz. 
277 ; Jacks. 260 ; E. S. C. v. 382 ; Trans. Norf. & Norw. Nat. 
Soc. ii. 420 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1859-60, xxix. 

Salmon, William (1645-1712) : b. 1645 ; d. 1712. M.D. Prof. 
Med. ' Botanologia : the English Herbal,' 1710. Appears to 
have been in Carolina and Virginia, and to have collected 
round Lynn and London. Pult. i. 185 ; Pritz. 277 ; Jacks. 
30; Wadd, 138; Garth's * Dispensary.' Portr. by White, 
1667, in Herbal; one by W. Sherwin, 1670, in * Poly- 
graphicsB ' ; one engr. Burnford, 1681, in * Synopsis Medi- 
cinae ' ; and one, 1685, in * PolygraphicsB.' 

Salt, Henry (circ. 1785-1827): b. Lichfield, circ. 1785; d. 
between Cairo and Alexandria, 30 Aug., 1827. F.L.S., 1812. 
F.E.S. Secretary and draughtsman to Lord Yalentia in India 
and Africa, 1802-5. Travelled in Abyssinia, 1806 and 1810. 

* Voyage to Abyssinia,' 1814. Plants given to Banks and 
now in Hb. Mus. Brit. ; enumerated by Brown in Appendix 
to Voyage, Ixiii. Algae sent to Dawson Turner (* Fuci,' iv. 
38). Life and Correspondence, by J. J. Hall, 1854 ; Hoefer ; 
Michaud. Saltia Brov^n. 

Salt, Jonathan (fl. 1796-1810). Of Sheffield. F.L.S., 1797. 

Discovered Carex elongata in 1807. ** A most assiduous 

investigator of the vegetable creation," Smith. Contributed 

to E. Bot. (358, 598, 648, 1920, 2018). Lees, Fl. West 

Yorksh. 106. 
Salter, Anthony (fl. 1600-33) : b. 1600. M.A. Oxon, 1624 ; 

M.D. 1633; M.A. Camb., 1626. Physician. Of Exeter. 

Park. Theatr. 1219. Correspondent of Johnson. Pult. 1. 

154 (Sadler by mistake). 
Salter, John William (d. 1869) : d. Gravesend, 17 July, 1869. 

A.L.S., 1842. PalsBontologist to Geol. Survey. Drew plates 



150 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

for Suppl. to Eng. Bot., vols. iv. (1849), v. (1863), and wrote 
preface to vol. v. Joum. Bot. 1869, 280 ; E. S. C. v. 382. 

Salter^ Thomas Bell (1814-58) : d. Southampton, 30 Sept., 
1858. M.D. Edin. F.L.S., 1837 ; F.B.S.Ed. ^Botany 
of Poole,' 1839. Contributed to Phyt. i.-iv. Practised at 
Eyde. Studied Bubi, Edited (with Sir W. J. Hooker) 
Bromfield's * Flora Vectensis,' 1856. Herbarium presented 
Linnean Soc. Pritz. 277; Jacks. 602; E. S. C. v. 385; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1859, xxxiv. 

Salwey^ Rev. Thomas (d. 1878) : d. Worthing, Sussex, 1878. 
B.D. Camb., 1826; F.L.S., 1824. Eector of Oswestry, 
Salop. Lichenologist. Contrib. to Ann. and Mag., Trana. 
Bot. Soc. Ed., and E.B. 2667, 2796, 2861, 2963. * Lichenes 
Britannici exsiccatse.' Bot. in D. Jones's Guide to Harlech, 
1863. Yomid. Allium triquetrum in Guernsey, 1847. E. S. C. 
V. 387 ; Journ. Bot. 1878, 63. Lecidea Salweii Borrer. 

San Giorgio^ Contessa Anna di {nSe Habley) (d. 1874). 
' Catalogo poliglotto delle piante,' Florence, 1870. Jacks. 9. 

Sansom, Thomas (d. 1862). A.L.S., 1843; F.B.S.Ed. Of 
Liverpool. Papers on Mosses, and in Proc. Lit. Phil. Soc. 
L'pool, 1849-55. ' Fungoid disease of Pear.* Trans. Hist. 
Soc. Lane. viii. 1856 ; E. S. C. v. 397. 

Saunders^ Samuel (fl. 1780-92). Of Leatherhead. Friend of 
Sir J. E. Smith. * Introduction to Botany,' 1792. Pritz. 
278 ; Jacks. 34. 

Saunders, William Wilson (1809-79) : b. 1809 ; d. Worthing, 
Sussex, 13 Sept., 1879. F.L.S., 1883; F.E.S. 'Eefugium 
Botanicum,' 1868-73. ' Mycological Illustrations,' 1871-2. 
Herbarium at Oxford. Pritz. 278 ; Jacks. 602 ; E. S. C. v. 
412 ; Joum. Bot. 1879, 320 ; Gard. Chron. 1879, ii. 368 ; 
Proc. Entomol. Soc. 1879, Ixvi. ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1875-80, 
Iviii. ; Mag. Nat. Hist. n.s. iii. 239-242. Portr. at Kew. 

Scheer, Frederick (1792 ?-1868) : b. Eiigen, 1792 ? ; d. North- 
fleet, Kent, 30 Dec, 1868. Cultivated Cacti at Kew Green. 
' Kew and its Gardens,' 1840. Contributed to * Bot. of 
* Herald.' * New Mamillaria,' Journ. Bot. 1845, 136. Pritz. 
280 ; E. S. C. v. 447 ; Gard. Chron. 1869, 964. Scheeria 
Seemann = Achimenes. 

Scoffem, John (fl. 1839-70). M.B. * Outlines of Botany,* 
1857. Jacks. 43 ; E. S. C. v. 602. 

Scott^ Mercules R. (fl. 1836). Of Edinburgh. Advocate. Sent 
list of plants to A. Murray (* Northern Flora,' 21). 

Scott, James Robertson (1789?-1821) : b. 1789? ; d. 30 Aug., 
1821. Of Edinburgh. Surgeon E.N. F.L.S. ; F.E.S.E. 
Lecturer on , Bot., Edinburgh. * Herbarium Edinense ' 
(dried specimens), w. W. Jameson, 1820. Pritz. 293. 

Boott, John (1838 ?-80): b. Denholm, Eoxburghsh., 1838?; 
d. Garwald, East Lothian, 10 June, 1880. F.L.S., 1873. 
Curator, Calcutta Bot. Gard. * Tree-ferns of British Sikkim,* 
Linn. Trans, xxx. Contrib. to Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed., and to 
Journ. Linn. Soc. viii. & x. Jacks. 389; E. S. C. v. 606; 
Joum. Bot. 1880,. 224 ; Trans. B. S. Ed. xiv. 160, 



BRITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS* 151 

Scott, Robert (d. before 1813). M.D. Prof. Bot. Dublin, 1804. 
Bryologist. Friend of Dawson Turner. Contrib. Mosses 
to E. B. 1181, 1391, 1564. Eees (sub Scottia). Miniature 
portr. at Kew. Scottia Br. 

Scouler^ John (1804-71) : b. Glasgow, 31 Jan. ?, 1804 ; d. 
Glasgow, 13 Nov., 1871; bur. Kilbarchan. M.D. Glasgow. 
F.L.S., 1829. Zoologist and Geologist. Naturalist to 
'William and Ann,' 1824. Visited Madeira, Brazil, Cal- 
cutta, Portugal. Prof. Zool. & Bot., DubUn, 1883-54. Pupil 
of W. J. Hooker. Collected in N. W. America, 1825-7. 
Plants described in *F1. Bor. Amer.,' 1840. Papers in 
Comp. Bot. Mag. 1845. Johnston Corr. 211 ; Bot. Misc. i. 
34 ; Trans. Geol. Soc. Glasgow, iv. 194 ; E. S. C. v. 607. 
Scouleria Hook. 

Seaforth, Lord Francis (fl. 1809). Governor of Barbados, 
where he collected AlgaB for Dawson Turner. Turn. Fuci, ii. 
130. *Botanices periti cultoris et fautoris,' Brown. Sea^ 
forthia Br. 

Sealy^ — (d. before 1834). Collected in Co. Cork. Herbarium 
sent to Sir W. Hooker. Eng. Bot. 2782. 

Seemann^ Berthold Carl (1825-71): b. Hanover, 28 Feb., 
1825 ; d. Javali Mine, Nicaragua, 10 Oct., 1871. M.A. and 
Ph.D., Gottingen. F.L.S., 1852. On H.M.S. 'Herald/ 
1846-51. * Narrative,' 1853. ' Flora Yitiensis,' 1865. In 
Venezuela, 1864. Founded and edited 'Bonplandia,' 1853-63, 
and Journ. Bot. 1863-9. Pritz. 293 ; Jacks. 605 ; Journ. Bot. 
1872, 1, w. portr. ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1871-2, Ixxiv. ; Gard. 
Chron. 1871, 1678, w. portr. ; Alhbone. Portr. in * Men of 
Eminence,' 1866 ; portr. at Kew. Seemannia Eegel. 

Selby, Prideaux Joha (1788-1867): b. Alnwick, 1788; d. 
Twizell, Northumberland, 27 March, 1867 ; bur. Bamburgh. 
OfTwizeU. Ornithologist. F.L.S., 1826. * British Forest 
Trees,' 1842. Pritz. 294 ; Jacks. 245 ; Allibone ; ' Eemini- 
scences ' by Eev. L. Blomefield, 1885. Portr. in Ipswich 
Museum series. Copy at Kew. 

Seller, William (1798-1869) : b. Peterhead, 1798 ; d. Edin- 
burgh?, 11 April, 1869. M.D. Edin., 1821. F.B.S. Ed., 
1843 ; Pres., 1857. * Nutrition of Plants,' Edin. New. Phil. 
Journ. xxxix. 50. * Plants from Davis' Straits,' Trans. Bot. 
Soc. Ed. ii. 215. Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. x. 203. 

Seward, John (fl. 1794). M.D. Of Worcester. A.L.S.,1796. 
. Discovered Hypericum dubium. E. B. 296. 

Seymer, Henry (1745-1800) : b. Hanford, Dorset, 1745 ; d. 
3 Dec, 1800. Of Hanford, Dorset. B.C.L. Oxon, 1771; 
D.C.L., 1777. Friend of Pulteney and Solander. Step-uncle 
01 A. B. Lambert. Had a garden of exotics. Pursh, FL 
Amer. Sept. ii. 737 ; Nich, Anec. viii. 201 ; Hutchins' Hist, 
of Dorset, iv. 66. Oil portr. at Linn. Soc. Seymeria Pursh. 

Sharpe, Daniel (1806-56) : b. Marylebone, 1806 ; d. London, 
31 May, 1856. Geologist. Collected in Portugal. F.E.S., 
1850; F.L.S., 1828. Fossil and Portuguese pi. in Herb. 
Mus. Brit. Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc. vol. xiiL 1857^ xlv. ; 



162 . BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Proc. Boy. Soc. viii. 279 ; E. B. 2990 ; E. S. C. v. 672. 
Engr. portr. in Bot. Dep. Brit. Mus. 
Sharrock, Rev. Robert (fl. 1635-85): d. 11 July, 1685. 
B.C.L. Oxon, 1654 ; D.C.L., 1661. Eector of Great Hor- 
wood, Bucks, 1665 ; of East Woodhay, 1685 ; of Bishop 
Waltham, Hants, 1669 ; Archdeacon of Winchester, 1684. 

* History of Propagation of Vegetables,' 1660. ' History of 
Plants,' 1694. Pritz. 296 ; Wood, Ath. Ox. iv. 147 ; Foster, 
Alumn. Oxon. 

Shaw, George (1751-1813) : b. Bierton, Bucks, 10 Dec, 1751 ; 
d. British Museum, 22 July, 1813. B.A. Oxon, 1769; M.D., 
1787; Y.P.L.S., 1789; F.E.S., 1789. Deputy Bot. Lecturer 
to Sibthorp at Oxford, 1786. Assistant Keeper of Nat. Hist. 
Mus. Brit., 1791; Keeper, 1807. * Cimelia Physica,' 1796. 
Wrote descriptions for Freeman's ' Select Specimens of 
British Plants,' and also some for Eng. Bot. Mag. Nat. 
Hist. i. 304 ; Gent. Mag. 1813, ii. 290. 

Shaw, Henry (1800-89) : b. Sheffield, 24 July, 1800 ; d. St. 
Louis, Missouri, 25 Aug., 1889. Merchant. Founded Mis- 
souri Bot. Garden, 1848 ; established Shaw School of Botany, 
Washington University : published Engelmann's Botanical 
Papers, 1887. Gard. Chron. viii. (1890), 46. 

Shaw, Rev. Thomas (1694-1751) : b. Kendal, Westmoreland, 
4 June, 1693 ; d. Oxford, 15 Aug., 1751 ; bur. Bramley, Hants. 
B.A. Oxon, 1716; D.D., 1734; Cambridge, 1736. F.E.S., 
1734. Chaplain at the English factory, Algiers, till 1733. 
Principal of St. Edmund Hall, 1740 ; Vicar of Bramley, 1742. 

* Travels in Barbary,' 1738, w. appendix, enumerating pi., by 
Dillenius. PL at Oxford and Kew, Journ. Bot. 1800, 256. 
Pult. ii. 173 ; Pritz. 296 ; Jacks. 346 ; Forster, Gen. p. 96 ; 
Nich. Anecd. ii. 287 ; Nich. Illustr. i. 287 ; Foster, Alumn. 
Oxon ; Nicholson, ' Annals of Kendal,' 346. Shawia Forst. 
= Olearia, 

Sheffield, Rev. William (1732 ?-95): b. Henley, Warwick, 
1732?; d. Oxford?, 23 June, 1795. B.A. Oxon, 1754; D.D., 
1778. Keeper of Ashmolean Museum, 1772-95. Early 
friend of Banks. * Botanico Oxoniensi imprimis perito,' 
Forster, Gen. t- ix. Eees ; Nich, Illustr. v. 517. Sheffieldia 
Forst. = Samolus. 

Sheldrake, Timothy (fl. 1734-59). Of Norwich. M.D. 
' Herbal of Medicinal Plants,' 1756. ' Botanicum Medici* 
nale,' 1759 (plates also by him). Pritz. 296; Jacks. 499. 

Shepherd, Henry (fl. 1838). Nephew of following, and sue* 
ceeded him as Curator Liverpool Bot. Garden. F.L.S. 
Assisted Eoscoe in his * Scitaminese ' (prepared dissections 
in Herb. Liverpool Bot. Gard.). *NaturaUst,' iv. (1838-9) 
398 ; Hall, Fl. Liverpool, vii. 

Shepherd, John (1764 ?-1836) : b. Gosford, Cumberland, 1764 ? ; 
d. Liverpool, 27 Sept., 1836 ; bur. St. Mary's, Edgehill, Liver- 
pool. A.L.S. British botanist. ** A scientific horticulturist," 
Nuttall. For 35 years at Liverpool Bot. Gard. ' Cat.,' 1808. 
Discovered Erythraa latifolia, 1803. E. B. 1532-6, 2719. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 153 

Herbarium, collected 1801-14, at the Liverpool Garden, 
Gard. Mag. xii. 724 ; Naturalist, iv. 1838-9, 395. Shepherdia 
Nutt. 

Sheppard^ John (fl. 1848). Of Bristol. ' On Trees,' 1848. 
Jacks. 207. 

Sherard^ James (1666-1737): b. Bushby, Leicestersh., 1666; 
d. 12 Feb., 1737 ; bur. Evington, near Leicester. Apothe- 
cary. M.D. Oxon, 1731; F.E.C.P., 1732; F.E.S. Younger 
brother of the following. Employed Dillenius to write 
' Hortus Elthamensis,' 1732. Had a garden at Eltham. 
Pult. ii. 150 ; E. Syn. iii. pref. ; Semple, 44 ; Munk, ii. 127 ; 
Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 81 ; Nich. Anecd. iii. 651 ; Nich. 
lUustr. i. 403 ; Druce, Fl. Oxf. 383, 385. 

Sherard, William, nee Sherwood (1659-1728) : b. Bushby, 
Leicestersh., 30 March, 1659; d. London, 12 Aug., 1728; 
bur. at Eltham, Kent. B.C.L. Oxon, 1683; D.C.L., 1694; 
F.E.S., 1718. Pupil of Tournefort. * Schola Botanica,' 
under pseudonym Samuel Wharton, 1689. Visited Cornwall 
and Jersey, E. Syn. ed. 1, 1690, Appendix. Edited Herman's 
*Paradisus Batavus,' 1698. Consul at Smyrna, 1703-15. 
Brought Dillenius to England. Founded Chair of Bot. at 
Oxford, and bequeathed library, herbarium of 12,000 species, 
and MS. * Pinax ' to University. Plants in Herb. Sloane. 
Pult. ii. 141 ; Eees ; Jacks. 606 ; Eich. Corr. 293 ; Gorham, 
11 ; Journ. Bot. 1874, 129 ; Semple, 48 ; Gent. Mag. Ixvi. ; 
Nich. lUustr. i. 339, &c. ; Druce, Fl. Oxf. 380 ; Athen. Ox. 
iv. 713 ; Munk, ii. 127. Sherardia L. 

Short, Thomas (d. 1772) : b. Edinburgh ; d. Eotherham, 28 
Nov., 1772; bur. Sheffield Church. M.D. Of Sheffield, and, 
from 1762, of Eotherham. * Explanation of technical words 
in Bot.,' 1731. ' Medicina Britannica,' 1746. Pritz. 296 ; 
Jacks. 245 ; Nich. Anecd. i. 451 ; Gent. Mag. Ixxvii. Ixxviii. ; 
AUibone. 

Bhort, Thomas Kier (fl. 1838). Of Martin Hall, Notts. Col- 
lected in New Zealand from 1836 and * in all quarters of the 
world,' and contributed to Naturalist iii. (1838). 

Shuter, James (d. before 1834). M.D. F.L.S.,1819. Collected 
about Madras. Wight Prodr. 208. Shuteria Wight. Shu- 
tereia Chois. 

Shuttleworth^ Robert James (1810-74) : b. Dawlish, Devon, 
Feb., 1810; d. Hyeres, 19 April, 1874. Captain, 1st Eegiment, 
Duke of Lancaster's Own, 1833. F.L.S., 1856. Orig. memb. 
B.S.Ed. Conchologist and critical botanist. Eesidedmany 
years at Berne. * Excursion in the Valais,' Mag. Zool. Bot. 
1838. Had large herbarium, now in Herb. Brit. Mus. (see 
Journ. Bot. 1878, 179). Jacks. 158 ; E. S. C. v. 681 ; Trans. 
Bot. Soc. Ed. xii. 203 ; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, xxx. cxxxi. ; 
Whittle, Hist. Preston, ii. 235 ; Journ. de Conch, xxiii. 92. 
Shuttleworthia Meisn. = Verbena. 

Sibbald, Sir Robert (1641-c. 1722) : b. near LesUe, Fife, 15 
April, 1641; d. c. 1722. M.D. Leyden, 1661; F.E.C.P., 
1686. First Prof. Medicine, Univ. Edin. 1685. Knighted, 



154 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1682. 'Cat. of PL in King's Park, Edin./ 1684. 'Scotia 
Illustrata/ 1684. Pult. ii. 3 ; Pritz. 296 ; Jacks. 246 ; Munk, 
i. 439 ; Autobiog., 1833, and in ' Analecta Scotica,' i. 126; 
Biog. w. portr. and bibliog. prefixed to * Birds,' vol. i. in Jar- 
dine's Nat. Library (x.). Sibbaldia L. 

Slbthorp, Humphrey (1718 ?-97): b. Lincoln, 1713?f d. 17 
Aug., 1727. . M.A. Oxon, 1737; M.D., 1745. Prof. Bot. 
Oxford, 1747-83. Father of the following. Correspondent of 
LinnaBus. Druce, Fl. Oxf . 385 ; Bloxam, Magd. Coll. Eegis- 
ters, vi. 228 ; Alumn. Oxon. Sibthorpia L. 

Slbthorp, John (1758-96) : b. Oxford, 1758 ; d. Bath, 8 Feb., 
1796; bur. Bath Abbey. M.A. Oxon, 1780.; M.D., 1784, 
Prof. Bot., Oxford, 1783-95. F.L.S., 1788 ; F.E.S. Travelled 
in Greece with Ferdinand Bauer, 1786-7, and in Cyprus, 
Asia Minor, &c., 1794-5. * Flora Oxoniensis,' 1794. ' Flora 
Graeca' (posth.), 1806-40. Eees; Pritz. 296; Jacks. 606; 
Pref . to ' Fl. Grseca ' ; Druce, Fl. Oxfordsh. 387. Oil portr. 
at Oxford Garden. 

Sidebotham, Joseph (1824-85) : b. Apethorne, Hyde, Cheshire, 
1824 ; d. Bowdon, Cheshire, 30 May, 1885 ; bur. Bowdon. 
Calico-printer, of Manchester. Entomologist, astronomer, 
and photographer. F.L.S., 1878. Contrib. to Phyt., 1841. 

* PI. in Westmoreland.' One of founders of Manchester Field 
Nat. Soc. E. S. C. v. 683, viii. 948 ; Journ. Bot. 1885, 319 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1883-6, 107. 

Sidney, Rev. Edwin (fl. 1800-46). B.A. Camb., 1841 ; M.A., 
1825. Eector of Comard Parva, Suffolk. * Philosophy of 
Nutrition in Plants,' 1849. * Blights of Wheat,' 1846. Jacks. 
167; E. S. C. V. 684; Allibone. 

Silliard, Zancke (fl. 1640). Apothecary, Dublin. Sent Drosera 
anglica to Parkinson ; * Theatr.,' 1053. 

Sim, Robert (c. 1828-82): b. Kent, 1828?; d. Foot's Cray, 
Kent, Sept., 1882. Nurseryman. Knew Brit. Ferns well. 

* Catalogue British Ferns and Varieties,' 1863. Gard. Chron. 
1882, ii. 472. 

Simmonds, Thomas Williams (d. 1804) : b. Dartford?, Kent ; 
d. Trinidad, 1804. Of Settle. Surgeon. Naturalist to Lord 
Seaforth, Governor of Barbadoes, 1803. Windsor's * Flora 
Cravoniensis,' dedication & viii. E. S. C. v. 700. Simmond- 
sia Nutt. 

'Simmonite, WUliam Joseph (fl. 1840-54). Of Sheffield. 

* Medical Botany,' 1848. Jacks. 202 ; E. S. C. v. 700 ; AlU- 
bone. 

Sims, John (1749-1831) : b. Canterbury, 1749 ; d. Dorking, 
1831. M.D. Edin., 1774; F.L.S., 1788. Studied at Leyden, 
1773-4., Settled in London, 1779.* Edited ' Annals of Bot.* 
with Konig, 1805-6, and 'Bot. Mag.,' vols. xiv.-xUi. Plants 
. in Herb. Kew. Jacks. 606 ; E. S. C. v. 707 ; Gard. Chron. 
1887, i. 641. Private etched portr. by Mrs. Dawson Turner. 
Engr. (medallion) portr., 1817, in Ann. Bot. i. Simsia Br. 

.Sinclair, Andrew (d. 1861) : drowned in E. Eangitata, New 
Zealand, 26 March, 1861. M.D. F.L.S.,. 1857. . Assistant 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 156 

Surgeon, E.N., 1824, on H.M.S. ' Sulphur.' Colonial Sec, 
New Zealand. Collected in Australia and New Zealand. 

* Vegetation of Auckland.' Plants at Kew. E. S. C. v. 707; 
Joum. Bot. 1851, 212; Gard. Chron. 1861, 773; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. 1861-2, xcv. Sinclairia Hook Liabum, 

Sinclair^ George (1786-1834) : b. Mellerstain, Berwicksh., 
1786 ; d. Deptford, 13 March, 1834. Gardener to Duke of 
Bedford. Seedsman. F.L.S., 1824. * Hortus Cantabrigi- 
ensis,' ed. 12, 1831. ' Hortus Gramineus Woburnensis,' 1816,' 
ed. 2, 1824 ; ed, 3, 1835 ; ed. 4, 1838. Pritz. 298 ; Jacks. 
606 ; Gard. Mag. x. 192 ; Donaldson's Agric. Biog. 113. 

Sinclair^ Sir John^ Bart. (1754-1835): b. Thurso Castle, 
Caithness, 10 May, 1754; d. Edinburgh, 21 Dec, 1835. 
Statist. President, Board of Agriculture, 1793. F.E.S. 
F.L.S., 1810. M.P., Caithness, &c., 1780-1811. D.C.L. 
Glasgow, 1788. Bart., 1786. 'Hints on Vegetation,' 1796. 

* Inquiry into Blight,' 1809. Jacks. 67 ; Memoir by Eev. 
John Sinclair, 1837 ; Gent. Mag. 1836, i. 431 ; Donaldson, 
Agric. Biog. 

Skeen^ James (fl. 1703). Surgeon. Sent plants from Guinea 
to Petiver, Mus. Pet. 95. 

Skene, David (1735 ?-71) : b. Aberdeen, 1735 ? ; d. Aberdeen, 
Dec, 1771. M.D. Aberdeen. Had a herbarium. Corre- 
sponded with Linnaeus. Murray, * Northern Flora,' ix. 

Skepper, Edmund (1825-67) : b. Oulton, Sufifolk, 20 Oct., 1825 ; 
d. Bury St. Edmunds, 2 June, 1867 ; bur. Bury Cemetery. 
Druggist at Harwich and Bury. * Flora of Suffolk,' 1860. 
Jacks. 360 ; Hind's * Fl. Suffolk,' 485. 

Skinner^ — (fl. 1772). " Acutissimus oculatissimusque Bo- 
tanicus Oxoniensis," Forst. Gen. p. 58. Skinnera Forst. 

Skinner^ George Ure (1804-67) : b. Newcastle, 18 March, 
1804; d. Aspinwall, Panama, 9 Jan., 1867. F.L.S., 1866. 
Merchant in Leeds and Guatemala. Collected and grew 
Orchids. Sent plants from Guatemala to Sir W. J. Hooker. 
Trans. B. S. Ed. ix. 91 ; Gard. Chron. 1867, 180 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1866-7, xxxviii. Uroskinnera Lindl. 

Skrimshire, William (1766-1830). Entomologist. Of Wis- 
bech. Contrib. to fing. Bot. (379, 423, 463, 1369). E. S. C. 
V. 712. 

Sleeman, Sir William Henry (1788-1856): b. Stratton, 
Cornwall, 1788 ; d. at sea on passage from Calcutta, 10 Feb., 
1856. H. E. 1. C. military service, 1808. Major-general, 
1855. K.C.B., 1856. ' Age and Flowering of Bamboos,' 
Trans. Agric. Soc. India, 1839-42. E. S. C. v. 714 ; Gent. 
Mag. 1856, ii. 253 ; AUibone. 

Sloane, Sir Hans (1660-1753): b. Killyleagh, co. Down, 16 
April, 1660 ; d. Chelsea, 11 Jan., 1753 ; bur. Chelsea Church- 
yard. M.D. Orange, 1684; Oxon, 1701. F.E.S., 1685; 
P.E.S., 1727-40. F.E.C.P., 1687; P.E.C.P., 1719-35. 
Baronet, 1716. For. Memb. Acad. Sci., 1708. Pupil of 
Tournefort. ' Catalogus PI. Jamaic.,' 1696. *Nat. Hist, of 
Jamaica/ 1707-25. Gave Chelsea Garden to Apothecaries' 



156 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Company. Herbarium, 240 vols., library, and MSS. in Mus, 
Brit. Pult. ii. 65 ; Eees ; Pritz. 298 ; Jacks. 607 ; Eay Mem, 
40 ; Nich. lUustr. i. 269 ; Munk, i. 460 ; Literary Mag. 1790, 
with portr. by Angus ; Faulkner's Chelsea, i. 338, with portr, 
engr. T. Prescott; Semple, with portr., 26. Statue by Kys- 
brach in Chelsea Garden. Wedgwood medallion. Portr. at 
E.C.P. by T. Murray, engr. Faber, 1728. Portr. by Kneller, 
1716, engr. Faber, 1729. Sloanea L. 

Smarts John (fl. 1708). Surgeon. Sent Hudson's Bay and 
Maryland plants to Petiver, Hb. Sloane 159; list in his 
handwriting in Hb. Sloane, 158. 

Smeathman^ Henry (fl. 1750-87). Collected in Sierra Leone, 
Madagascar, and W. Indies ; sent out by Duchess of Port- 
land (1775) : collected insects for Dru Drury. Plants in 
Brit. Mus. and Herb. DeCandoUe. Smeathmannia Br. 

Smee^ Alfred (1818-77): b. Camberwell, London, 18 June, 
1818; d. Wallington, Croydon, 11 Jan., 1877 ; bur. Bedding- 
ton. M.E.CS., 1840 ; F.E.S. ; F.L.S., 1875. Surgeon to 
Bank of England. ' The Potato-plant,' 1846. ' My Garden,' 
1872. Pritz. 299 ; Jacks. 412 ; E. S. C. v. 715 ; Memoir by 
his daughter ; Gard. Chron. 1877, i. 88, 108, with portr. 

Smithy Mrs. {nee Macdonald), (fl. 1889). Studied and collected 
Orchids in Van Diemen's Land. Lindley, Swan Eiver, p. i. 
Macdonaldia Gunn. (Lindl.) = Thelymitra. 

Smithy Alexander (fl. 1759). Surgeon and apothecary. Of 
Croydon. Discovered Scrophularia vernalis, 1759. Gorham, 
106. 

Smith, Alexander (1832-65) : b. Kew, 17 Dec, 1832 ; d. Kew, 
15 May, 1865 ; bur. Kew Churchyard. Son of John Smith 
{vide infra). Curator, Natal Garden, 1853. Curator of 
Kew Museum, 1856-8 ; of Herbarium, 1864. Contributed 
to *Treas. Bot.' E. S. C. v. 716; Journ. Bot. 1865, 199. 
Photo, portr. Kew. 

Smith, Charles (fl. 1744-74): b. South of Ireland. M.D. 
Dublin, 1738. Of Dublin. Irish county historian. Lists of 
plants in his County Histories. Pult. ii. 202 ; Cybele 
Hibern. 384. Portr. in ' State of Kerry,' 1756. 

Smith, Charles H. J. (fl. 1852). Landscape Gardener. Of 
Edinburgh. ' Parks and Pleasure Grounds,' 1852. 

Smith, Christopher (d. 1806?): d. Penang, 1806? F.L.S., 
1793. Sent to Otaheite in H.M.S. ^Providence,' 1791. 
Botanist to H. E. I. C, 1794. Sent to Moluccas, 1796. 
Superintendent, Bot. Gardens, Moluccas, circ. 1805. Draw- 
ings and plants in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Ann. Bot. i. 569 
(1805); Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 267. 

Smith, Christopher Parker (1835-92) : b. Brighton, 13 Oct., 
1835 ; d. Hassocks, Sussex, 15 Nov., 1892. Bryologist. 
Collected in Highlands. * Moss-Flora of Sussex,' 1870. 
Acquired E. Jenner's Herbarium. Journ. Bot. 1893, 31. 
Smith, Edwin Dalton (fl. 1823-32). Of Chelsea. Botanical 
draughtsman. F.L.S., 1823. Drew plants for Sweet's 
* Flower Garden,' 1823-32. Sweet, Fl. Gard. 1, ii. 142. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 157 

Illustrated Mcintosh's * Flora and Pomona/ 1829. Jacks 
214.- 
Smith, Elizabeth (Mrs.) (fl. 1797). Of Bownham House, 
Gloucestershire. Discovered Cephalanthera rubra. Eng. 
Bot. 437. 
Smith, Frederick Porter (1833-88): b. 1833; d. Shepton 
Mallett, March, 1888. M.B. Lond., 1855. Medical Mis- 
sionary in Central China. Contrib. to Materia Medica and 
Nat. Hist, of China, 1871. E. S. C. viii. 968 ; Pharm. Joum. 
3rd ser. xviii. 859. 
Smith, Frederick W. (fl. 1834-8). Illustrated Paxton's 
*Mag. Bot.,' 1834-8; * Florists' Magazine,' 1836. Pritz, 
299 ; Gard. Chron. 1887, ii. 434. 
Smith, G. Campbell (fl. 1831-6). Land Surveyor. Of Banff. 
Discovered Pinguicula alpina in Eoss. Murray, * Northern 
Flora,' 17. 
Smith, Rev. Gerard Edwards (1805-81) : b. 1805 ; d. Ock- 
brock, Derby, 21 Dec, 1881. Vicar of Cantley, Yorks., 
1844-6; of Osmaston, Derby, 1854-71. * Cat. of PL of 
South Kent,' 1829. Described Ophrys arachnites and Statice 
binervosa for Epg. Bot. Suppl. (2596 & 2683), and Filago 
apiculata in Phyt. 1846. Herbarium at University Coll.,. 
Nottingham. Pritz. 299 ; Jacks. 254 ; E. S. C. v. 723 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1882, 63; Top. Bot. ed. 2, 556. 
Smith, Henry (fl. 1816). M.D. F.L.S., 1816. Physician to 
Salisbury Infirmary. ' Flora Sarisburiensis,' 1817. Pritz. 299. 
Smith, Henry Ecroyd (1823-88): b. Doncaster, 28 Aug., 
1823; d. Middleham, Yorksh., 1888. Archaeologist. Went 
to Victoria, 1852. Contributed to * Flora of Liverpool,' 1872, 
and to Phyt. i. 972. E. S. C. v. 724. 
Smith, James (fl. 1820). Nurseryman, of Ayr. ** A very diligent 
practical botanist," Mem. Wern. Soc. iii. 298. Discovered 
Veronica hirsuta. Hook. Fl. Scot. 6. 
Smith, James (fl. 1830). Of Edinburgh. In Demerara, 1829. 
* On the Milk-tree of Demerara,' Edin. New Phil. Journ. viii. 
1830, 315. E. S. C. V. 725. 
Smith, Sir James Edward (1759-1828) : b. Norwich, 2 Dec, 
1759 ; d. Norwich, 17 March, 1828 ; bur. Lowestoft. M.D. 
Leyden, 1786 ; F.E.S., 1785. Founded Linn. Soc, 1788. 
P.L.S., 1788-1828. Purchased Linnaeus' collections, 1784. 
Knighted, 1814. * Enghsh Bot.' 1790-1814. * Flora Brit.' 
1794-1804. fikya Mog ^piravvSiv Sprengel. Herbarium at Linn. 
Soc. Pritz. 299; Jacks. 607 ; * Memoir and Correspondence,' 
by Lady Smith, with portr. by H. B. Love, engr. W. Say, 
after bust by Chantrey ; E. S. C. v. 725 ; Nich. Illustr. vi. 
830, with portr. ; Nich. Anecd. viii. ; Cott. Gard. v. 185 ; 
Mag. Nat. Hist. i. (1829), 90 ; Gent. Mag. 1828, i. 297 ; Alii- 
bone. Bust by Chantrey at Linn. Soc. Portr. in Thornton. 
Copy at Kew. Engr. by E. Pastorini. Smithia Alton. 
Smith, Rev. John [see Smyth] . 

Smith, John (1798-1888) : b. Aberdour, Fife, 5 Oct., 1798 ; d. 
Kew, 14 Feb., 1888; bur. Kew Churchyard. A.L.S., 1837. 



158 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

Gardener at Edinburgh Bot. Gard., 1818 ; at Kew, 1822 ; 
Curator, 1841-64. 'Ferns, British and Foreign,' 1866. 

* Domestic Botany,' 1871. * Historia Filicum,' 1875. ' Dic- 
tionary of Economic Botany,' 1822. Fern Herbarium in 
Mus. Brit. Pritz. 300 ; Jacks. 607 ; E. S. C. v. 729 ; viii. 
972; Joum. Bot. 1888, 102; Autobiog., Gard. Chron. 1876; 
Gard. Chron. 1888, i. 216 ; * Athenaeum,' 1888, i. 248; Annals 
of Bot. ii. (1889), 429, with bibliog. Photo, portr. at Kew. 

Smith, Joseph (1774 ?-1857) : d. Gray's Inn, London, 26 May, 
1857. Barrister. F.E.S., 1819 ; F.L.S., 1811. '' WeU 
acquainted with British plants," Proc. Linn. Soc. 1857-8, 
xxxvii. 

Smith, Thomas (fl. 1818). Microscopist. Friend of E. Brown. 
Linn. Trans, xix. 343. Thismia Griff. 

Smith, Rev. William (1808-57) : b. Ballymoney, co. Antrim, 
12 Jan., 1808 ; d. Cork, 6 Oct., 1857. Unitarian Minister. 
F.L.S., 1847. Prof. Nat. Hist., Queen's Coll., Cork, 1854. 

* Synopsis of Brit. Diatoms,' 1853-6. Diatomaceas in Bot. 
Dept., Brit. Mus. Pritz. 300; Jacks. 607; E. S. C. v. 738 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1857-8, xxxvii. 

Smithy William (1804 ?-28): b. Hopetoun, Linlithgowsh., c. 
1804; d. London, 15 Nov., 1828. A.L.S., 1828. Gardener 
Eoy. Hort. Soc, Chiswick. Studied British roses. Gard. 
Mag. V. 495. 

Smyth (or Smith)^ Rev. John (fl. 1697). ' Minister to Eoyal 
African Company in the English Factory at Cabo Corso, 
vulgarly called Cape Coast, in Guinea.' Sent Guinea plants 
to Petiver. Mus. Pet. nos. 21, 65. Phil. Trans, xix. 677. 
Herb. Sloane, cxci. 

Snooke, William Drew (1787-1857): b. Wool, Dorset, 6 Nov., 
1787; d. Eyde, 5 Sept., 1857; bur. Eyde Cemetery. * Flora 
Vectiana,' 1823. Jacks. 254. 

Solander^ Daniel Charles (1736-82) : b. Nordland, Sweden, 
1736 ; d. London, 1782. D.C.L. Oxon, 1771 ; F.E.S. 
Favourite pupil of Linnaeus. Came to England, 1760. As- 
sistant-hbrarian, Brit. Mus., 1765 ; Keeper Printed Books, 
1773. Accompanied Banks on Cook's first voyage, 1768-71, 
and to Iceland, 1772. Edited ElUs's * Hist. Zoophytes,' 1786. 
MSS. in Bot. Dept., Mus. Brit. ' Gardenia,' Phil. Trans, lii. 
654. Pult. ii. 350; Chalmers; Linn. Corr. ii. 1 ; Eees ; WooUs, 
Bot. Discov. Austral. 8. Oil portr. and medallion at Linn. 
Soc. Two Wedgwood medallions. Engr. by J. Newton, 1784, 
after J. Sowerby. Litho., from oil portr. at Linn. Soc, at 
Kew. Solandra L. = Hydrocotyle, Solandra L. fil. 

Sole, William (1739 ?-1802) : b. Cambridge, 1739 ? ; d. Bath, 7 
Feb., 1802. Of Bath. Surgeon. A.L.S., 1788. ' MenthaB 
Britannicse,' 1798. MS. 'Flora Bathonica,' 1782, in pos- 
session of Mr. T. B. Flower. Pritz. 300 ; Jacks. 238 ; Gent. 
Mag. 1802, i. 274 ; Phyt. iii. 581. Solea Spr. 

Solly, Edward (1820 ?-86) : b. 1820 ? ; d. Sutton, Surrey, 2 
April, 1886. F.L.S., 1842. F.E.S., 1843. Prof. Chemistry, 
Hoyal Hort. Soc. Brother-in-law of Eoyle. *Veg. Physi- 



BRITISH AND IBI8H BOTANISTS. 159 

ology based upon Electricity,' 1847. Jacks. 607 ; E. S. C. v. 
745-6 ; Athenaeum, 1886, i. 489. 

SoUy, Richard Horsman (1778-1858) : b. London, 29 April, 
1778 ; d. London, 31 March, 1858. M.A. Oxon ; F.E.S., 
1807 ; F.L.S., 1826. Studied vegetable physiology and 
anatomy. Proc. Boy. Soc. ix. 549 ; Bot. Eeg. t. 1466 ; 
E. S. C. V. 746. Sollya Lindl. 

Somerset^ Mary {nee Capel), Duchess of Beaufort (1630 ?- 
1714): b. 1630?; d. Badminton, Gloucestersh., 7 Jan., 1714 ; 
bur. Badminton. Previously Lady Beauchamp. Had a 
botanic garden at Badminton, Eich. Corr. 33 ; Loudon, 
* Arboretum,' 61. Plants in Herb. Sloane. Beaufortia'R.'BY. 

Sommenrille, Thomas (1783 ?-1810) : d. Edinburgh, 17 March, 
1810. Superintendent, Bot. Gard., Edinburgh. Mem. 
Wern. Soc. i. 246. 

Southby, Anthony {olim Gappeb) (fl. 1835-49). Of Bridge- 
water. M.D. Sent catalogue of Somerset and Wilts plants 
to Watson, N. B. G. 27 ; Top. Bot. ed. 2, 556. E. S. C. v. 
762. Southbya Spruce. 

Sowerby, Charles Edward (1795-1842) : b. London, 1795 ; d. 
London, 7 May, 1842. A.L.S., 1827. Third son of James 
Sowerby. Superintended small edition of Eng. Bot. Contrib. 
to Eng. Bot. 2446. Pritz. 301 ; Jacks. 235 ; Proc. Linn. 
Soc. i. 149. 

Sowerby^ George Brettingham, (1788-1854) : b. Lambeth, 
1788; d. 26 July, 1854. F.L.S., 1811. Second son of James 
Sowerby. Conchologist and muscologist. Contrib. to Eng. 
Bot. (1304, 1710, 1866, 1939). Gent. Mag. 1854, ii. 406 ; 
' AthenaBum,' 1854, 971 ; AUibone. 

Sowerby, James (1757-1822) : b. London, 21 March, 1757 ; d. 
Lambeth, 25 Oct., 1822. Botanical artist. A.L.S., 1788; 
F.L.S., 1793. * Botanical Drawing-book,' 1789. 'EngUsh 
Botany,' with Smith, 1790-1814. * Brit. Fungi,' 1797-1809. 
' Exotic Botany,' 1804-5. Eng. Bot. 103, 317. Pritz. 301 ; 
Jacks. 608 ; E. S. C. v. 765 ; Gent. Mag. 1822, ii. 568 ; Cott. 
Gard. v. 29. Engr. portr. at Linn. Soc. Sowerbaa Sm. 

Sowerby, James De Carle (1787 ?-1871) : b. Stoke Newington, 
1787?; d. London, 26 Aug., 1871. F.L.S., 1823. Eldest 
son of the preceding. Chemist and conchologist. Sec. Eoyal 
Bot. Soc, 1839-69. Drew figures in Loudon's Encycl. of 
Plants and Supplement to Eng. Bot. (original^ in Bot. Dept., 
Brit. Mus.). Described some plants in Eng. Bot. Suppl. 
E. S. C. V. 765 ; viii. 987 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1871-2, Ixxix. ; 
Gard. Chron. 1871, 1260; Journ. Bot. 1871, 319. 

Sowerby^ John Edward (d. 1870). Son of Charles Edward 
Sowerby. Botanical draughtsman. * British Wild Flowers 
Illustrated,' 1860. Jacks. 608. 

Speede^ G. T. Frederic S. Barlow (fi. 1840-48). ' Indian 
Handbook of Gardening,' 1840; ed. 2, 1842 (list of plants in 
Hindustani and EngUsh). Jacks. 11. 

Spencer-Churchill^ George, 4th Duke of Marlborough 
(1766-1840) : b. 6 March, 1766 ; d. 5 March, 1840. M.P., 



160 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1790. Succeeded his father as Duke, 1817. Lord Spencer, 
1806, took the name of Churchill, 1807. Of Whiteknights, 
Beading. Contributed to Andrews' * Bot. Eepository.' Bland- 
fordia Andr. =: Galax L. 
Spicer, Rev. WiUiam Webb (1820 ?-79): b. Westminster, 
1820?; d. 28 April, 1879. B.A. Oxon, 1843 ; M.A., 1848. 
Eector, Itchen Abbas, Dorset, 1850-74. Contrib. to Phyt. iv. 

* Handy book to collection of Freshwater Algae," 1867. 

* Handbook of Plants of Tasmania,' 1873. Jacks. 608; E. S. C. 
viii. 989. 

Spittall, Robert (fl. 1829-46). Surgeon. Of Edinburgh. 
President, Plinian Nat. Hist. Soc, 1829. Experimented on 
Mimosa pvdicay Edin. New Phil. Journ. 1830, 60. E. S. C. 
V. 775. 

Spottswood^ — (fl. 1673). Surgeon. Lived at Tangier. Cata- 
logue of Tangier plants, 1673, Phil. Trans, xix. 239. Plants 
in Hb. Delessert. Sent plants to Morison. Las^gue, 440, 
504. 

Spratt, George (fl. 1829-43). M.E.C.S. Editor of ' Flora 
Medica ' (published anonymously), 1829-30. * Medico- 
botanical Pocket-book,' 1836. Supplied medico-botanical 
portion and superintended colouring plates of Woodville's 

* Medical Botany,' ed. 3, 1832. Pritz. 303. 
Stackhouse^ John (1742-1819) : b. Trehane, Cornwall, 1742 ; 

d. Bath, 22 Nov., 1819. Fellow, Exeter College, Oxford, 
1761-4. F.L.S., 1795. * Nereis Britannica,' 1795-1801 ; 
ed. 2, 1816. Translated Theophrastus' Hist. PI., 1811. Pritz. 
304 ; Jacks. 608 ; E. S. C. v. 787 ; Gent. Mag. 1820, i. 88. 
Portr. in his Theophrastus. StacJchousia Sm. 
Stanger, Hon. William (1813 ?-54): b. Wisbech, Cambridgesh., 
1813?; d. Durban, Natal, 14 March, 1854. F.B.S.Ed., 
1836. M.D. Edin. Visited Australia. Practised in London. 
On the Niger Expedition, 1841. Surveyor-General, Natal. 
Discovered Stangeria. Journ. Bot. 1853, 228 ; Athenaeum^ 

1854, 749. Stangeria Moore. 

Stanhope^ Philip Henry, 4th Earl (1781-1855) : b. London^ 
7 Dec, 1781 ; d. Chevening Park, Sevenoaks, Kent, 2March^ 

1855. M.P., 1806. Succeeded, 1816. Pres. Med.-Bot. Soc. 
Lond., 1829-36. Gent. Mag. 1855, ii. 89. Stanhopea Hook. 

Stansfield, Abraham (1802-80) : b. Hugeon Croft, Kebcote- 
in-Stansfield, 12 Jan., 1802; d. Todmorden, Cheshire, 15 
Aug., 1880. Nurseryman, of .Vale Gardens, Todmorden. 
First Pres., Todmorden Bot. Soc, 1852. Collected vars. of 
Brit, ferns. Catalogues of Ferns. Jacks. 152. Gard. Chron. 
1880, ii. 283. 
* Stark, Robert Mackenzie (1815-73) : b. Dirleton, East 
Lothian, 1815; d. London, 29 Sept., 1873. Nurseryman in 
Edinburgh. F.B.S.Ed., 1841. ' Muscology of Cirencester,' 
Ann. & Mag. iv. (1840), 211. * Popular Hist. Brit. Mosses,' 
1853. Pritz. 304 ; Jacks. 609 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xii. 29. 

Staunton^ Sir George Leonard^ Bart. (1737-1801) : b. 
Cargin, Galway, 1737 ; d. London, 14 Jan., 1801 ; bur. in 



BEITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 161 

Westminster Abbey. F.L.S., 1789. M.D. D.C.L. Oxon, 
1790. Practised in West Indies, 1762-81. Accompanied 
Macartney to Madras, 1781, and to China, 1792. Bart., 
1785. Collected in China. Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. 
Gent. Mag. 1801, i. 89, 183 ; DC. Syst. i. 513. Monument 
by Chantrey in Westminster Abbey. Stauntonia DC. 
Steele, William Pdward (1816-83) : b. Belfast, 15 June, 1816 
d. Bray, co. Wicklow, 6 May, 1883. A.B. Dublin, 1857 
M.D., 1856. Director, Science and Art Mus., Dublin 

* Handbook of Field Bot.,' 1847 ; ed. 2, 1851. Pritz. 304 
Jacks. 609 ; E. S. C. v. 803 ; Journ. Bot. 1883, 192. 

Steggall, John (fl. 1829-60). M.E.C.S., 1825 ; M.D. Bologna 
and Pisa. 'Introduction to Botany/ 1829. 'Elements of 
Bot.,' ed. 2, 1831. Pritz. 305 ; Jacks. 38. 

Steggall, Rev. WilUam (fl. 1826-54). B.A. Camb., 1826; 
M.A., 1829. Vicar of Hunston, Suff., 1846. Herbarium of 
30 vols. (1830-34) in library of Stowlangtoft . Hall. Hind's 
Fl. Suffolk, 489. 

Stephens, Henry Oxley (fl. 1840-54). Of Bristol. Contri- 
buted to Ann. & Mag., 1840-42, to Phyt. ii., and to Swete's 

* Flora Bristoliensis ' (see pref. vi.). ' Mycology of Bristol,' 
Ann. & Mag. iv. (1840), 246. Had a herbarium. E. S. C. v. 
822. Stephensia Tul. 

Stephens, or Steephens, Philip (1620 ?-79) : b. Devizes, 
Wilts., 1620?; d. London, 4 Feb., 1679; bur. St. Peter's-in- 
the East, Oxford. M.A. Camb., 1638?; Oxon,, 1645. Prin- 
. cipal of Hart Hall, 1653-60. M.D. Oxon, 1656. ' Cata- 
logus Hort. Bot. Oxoniensis,' with William Browne and the 
Bobarts, 1658. Discovered Physospermum, Pult. i. 166; 
Pritz. 305 ; Jacks. 415 ; M'unk, i. 296 ; Wood, Fasti, ii. 189 ; 
Alumn. Oxon. 

Stephens, William (fl. 1718-32). M.D. Leyden, 1718; Dublin, 
1724. Lecturer, Trin. Coll., Dublin. * Botanical Elements,' 
1727. Dillenius Hort. Eltham. 388. MS. Cat. PI. in Hort. 
Dubl. 1726, in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. AUibone. 

Stephens, William (d. 1866) : murdered near Mooloolah, 
Queensland, 1866. Kew gardener ? Formerly of Eichmond, 
Surrey. Collector for Brisbane Bot. Gard. ' Gard. Chron. 
1866, 520. 

Stephenson, John (fl. 1831). M.D. Edin. F.L.S., 1829. 

* Medical Botany,' with J. M. Churchill, 1881. Pritz. 305 ; 
Jacks. 201. 

Stewart^ Archibald (fl. 1699). Surgeon. Sent ferns from 

Darien to Petiver (Mus. Pet. n. 52 ; Hb. Sloane, 157). 
Stewart, Charles (fl. 1791-1811). A.L.S.,1791. Printer. Sec. 

Nat. Hist. Soc, Edinburgh. Edited Lee's ' Introd. to 

Botany,' 1811. Jacks. 36. 
3tewart, Gilbert A. C. (d. 1876) : d. Mebose, 12 Jan., 1876. 

F.B.S.Ed., 1865. Investigated introduced plants of Gala 

and Tweed. Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xiii. 16. 
Stewart, John (d. 1820) : d. Edinburgh, 3 Nov., 1820. Lect. 

Bot., Edinburgh. Memb. Wern. Soc. Wrote article ' Musci ' 

12 



162 BIOGEAPHICAL INDEX OF 

in < Brewster's Encyclopaedia/ ' Hortus Cryptogamicus 
Edinensis/ 1819. Hook. Fl. Scot. 139. Mem. Wern. Soc. 
iii. 444. Pritz. ed. 1, 285; Jacks. 252. 

Stewart, John Iiindsay (1832 ?-73): b. Fettercairn, Kin- 
cardinesh., 1832? ; d. Dalnousie, Lahore, 5 July, 1873 ; bur. 
Dalhousie Cemetery. M.D. Edin., 1856. F.L.S., 1865. 
Conservator of Forests in Punjab. In India, 1856-69 ; re- 
turned there, 1872. ' Punjab Plants,' 1869. ' Forest Flora ' 
(commenced by), 1874, Plants at Kew and Edinburgh. 
Jacks. 609 ; E. S. C. v. 831 ; viii. 1017 ; Journ. Bot. 1873, 
319 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1873-4, Ivii. ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. 
xii. 31. 

Stewart, Neil (1814 ?-75): d. Edinburgh, 8 Dec, 1875. 
A.B.S.Ed., 1850. Botanical draughtsman. * Colour and 
Fertilisation,' Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xi. 190. Id. xiii. 16. 

Stewart, R. B. (fl. 1835). * Outlines of Botany,' 1835. Lec- 
tured on Botany. Pritz. 306 ; Jacks. 38. 

Stewart, Robert (fl. 1860). Of Torquay. M.E.C.S. ' Torquay 
Flora,' 1860. Jacks. 261. 

StUlingfleet, Bei^amin (1702-71) : b. Norwich?, 1702 ; d. 
London, 15 Dec, 1771 ; bur. St. James', Piccadilly. B.A. 
Camb., 1723. * Tracts,' 1759; ed. 2, 1762; ed. 3, 1775. 
' Life and Works,' 1811, with portr. Pult. ii. 349 ; Pritz. 
306 ; Jacks. 609 ; Nich. Anecd. ii. 336, 719, with portr. ; vii, 
399, 682 ; Nich. lUustr. ix. 103 ; Cott. Card. vii. 79, with 
mezzo, by V. Green, 1782, after Zoffany ; Gent. Mag. 1776, 
xlvi. 162 ; xlvii. 440 ; Biog. Dramatic. Stillingia Garden. 

Stock, Daniel (fl. 1828-66). Of Bungay, afterwards of Stoke 
Newington. Contributed to Mag. Nat. Hist, from 1828. 
Local Sec, Bot. Soc Lond., 1839. N. B. G. 112 ; Top. Bot. 
ed. 2, 556. 

Stocks, John EUerton (1822-54) : b. Cottingham, Hull, 1822 ; 
d. same place, 30 Aug., 1854. M.D. London. F.L.S.,1848. 
Bombay Medical Staff. Travelled and collected in Scinde, 
Beluchistan, &c Pritz. 307 ; Jacks. 390 ; E. S. C. v. 836 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1854, 580 ; Gent. Mag. 1854, ii. 401 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. ii. 46 ; Journ. Bot. 1854, 308. Ellertonia Wight. 
Stocksia Benth. 

Stokes, Charles (1783 ?-1853) : d. Gray's Inn, London, 28 Dec, 
1853. F.E.S., 1821 ; F.L.S., 1808. Member of Stock Ex- 
change. * Eecent wood petrified,' Trans. Geol. Soc 1836. 
Had collection of fossil woods. Jacks. 176 ; E. S. C. v. 838 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc ii. 312. 

Stokes, Jonathan (1755-1831): b. Chesterfield, 1755; d. 
Chesterfield, 30 April, 1831. M.D. Edin., 1782. Of Kid- 
derminster. A.L.S., 1790. Edited Withering, ed. 2, 1787. 
* Botanical Materia Medica,' 1812. *Bot. Commentaries,* 
1830. Had a herbarium. Pritz. 307 ; Jacks. 609 ; Lees' 
Bot. Worcester, Ixxxviii. Portr. Kew. Stokesia L'Her. 

Stokes, Whitley (1763-1845) : b. Waterford ? 1763 ; d. Dublin, 
13 April, 1845. M.D. Dublin, 1793. Lect. Nat. Hist., 
T. C. D., 1816. Friend of Dawson Turner. Contrib, mosses 



BEITI8H AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 163 

to E. Bot. (1273, 2403, &c.). Muscolog. Hibern. vi. Webb, 
Compendium Irish Biography, 502. Proc. E. Irish Acad. iii. 
198. Hypnum Stokesii Sm. 
Stone, Robert (1751?-1829) : b. 1751 ?; d. 6 Jan., 1829. Of 
Bedingham Hall, Bungay. F.L.S., 1790. Contrib. to 
Withering. Found Hydnum imhricatum and Lycoperdon 
coliforme. Had a herbarium. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. (458, 
1467, &c.). Smith Corr. i. 43 ; Mag. Nat. Hist. 1829, 120. 
Stonehouse, Rev. M. (or Walter) (fl. 1650). Of Darfield, 
near Barnsley. Correspondent of How. Pult. i. 172 ; 
Parkinson, ' Theatr.,' 133, 755 ; Johnson's * Itinera ' (Wales). 
Stonestreet^ George (fl. 1695). Brother of following. Col- 
lected at the Cape and St. Helena (Mus. Pet. nos. 143, 149) ; 
and sent Indian plants to Plukenet (Hb. Sloane, 87). 
Stonestreet, Rev. William (d. 1716). M.A. Camb., 1681. 
Eector, St. Stephen, Walbrook, 1689. Correspondent of 
Petiver (Mus, Pet. nos. 143, 149) and Plukenet (Aim. 68). 
Sent plants to Buddie, Hb. Sloane, 114. Nich. Illustr. iii. 341. 
Storey^ John (d. 1859) : d. Newcastle, 1859. Sec. Tyneside 
Nat. Club, 1849-57. Papers in Trans. Tyneside Nat. Club, 
i.-iii. Sent Hst Newcastle pi. to Watson, Top. Bot. ed. 2, 
557. Was preparing Flora of Northumberland and Durham. 
Stowell, Rev. Hugh Ashworth (1830 ?-86): b. Pendleton, 
Lane, 1830?; d. Breadsall, Derby, 16 March, 1886. B.A. 
Oxon, 1852; M.A., 1855. Eector of BreadsaU, 1865. *F1. 
of Faversham,' Phyt. i. (1855-6), 249, 875; ii. (1857-8), 100, 
153, 180, E. S. C. V, 846. 
Strange^ John (1732-99) : b. 1732 ; d. Eidge, Middlesex, 19 
March, 1799. M.A. Camb., 1755; F.E.S. ; LL.D. ; D.C.L. 
Oxon, 1793. Brit. Eesident at Venice, 1773-88. ' Lettera 
sopra Conferva Plinii,' Pisa, 1764. ' On the Origin of a 
Natural Paper,' Phil. Trans, lix. (1769), 50. Pritz. 307; 
Nich. Anecd. viii. 10 ; AUibone. 
Streeten^ Robert James NichoU (1800-49) : b. London, 
28 June, 1800 ; d. Worcester, 10 May, 1849. Practised at 
Worcester. M.D. Edin., 1824. F.L.S., 1846. Contrib. to 
Phyt. i. 236; ii. 405. 'Myosotis,' Naturahst, i. 171 (1837). 
Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 48 ; E. S. C. v. 853. 
Strickland, Miss Agnes (1806-74) : b. Eoydon Hall, Suffolk, 
1806 ; d. Eoydon Hall, 8 July, 1874. Historian. ' Floral 
Sketches,' 1836. Pritz. 307; Jacks. 212; 'Life,' by J. M. 
Strickland, with portr., 1887. 
Strickland-Freeman [see Freeman, Charlotte] . 
Strickland, Hugh Edwin (1811-53) : b. Eighton, E. Yorksh., 
2 March, 1811 ; killed Clarboro', near Gainsboro', 14 Sept., 
1853. B.A. Oxon, 1832; M. A., 1835. F.E.S., 1852. Geo- 
logist and zoologist. ' Natural System in Zoology and Bot.,' 
Mag. Zool. Bot. vi. (1841), 184. ' Eeport on Vitality of 
Seeds ' (with Daubeny, Henslow, and Lindley), Brit. Assoc. 
Eep. 1845. Jacks, 95 ; E. S. C. v. 855 ; ' Memoirs,' by Sir 
W. Jardine, 1858 ; * Athengeum,' 1853, p. 1125 ; Allibone ; 
Gent. Mag. 1853. ii, 420. 



164: BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Stroud^ T. B. (fl. 1821). Landscape gardener. Of Greenwich. 
* Elements of Bot./ 1821. Pritz. 308 ; Jacks. 37. 

Strutt^ Jacob George (fl. 1814-52). Landscape painter and 
etcher. Exhibited at E.A., 1822-52. At Lausanne and 
Eome, 1830-51. * Sylva Britannica/ 1822 ; ed. 2, 1831-6. 
Pritz. 308 ; Jacks. 245 ; E. S. C. v. 865 ; Bryan. 

Stuart^ John^ 3rd Earl of Bute (1713->92) : b. Scotland, 
1713 ; d. London, 10 March, 1792. * Tabular Distribution 
of Brit. PI.,' 1780. ' Botanical Tables,' 1785. Jacks. 34 ; 
Linn. Gorr. i. 26 ; Eich. Corr. 407 ; Baillon, i. 530 ; Encyc. 
Brit. iv. 581 ; Eose. Mezzo, by E. Purcell, 1763, after 
A. Eamsay. Stewartia L. Butea Eoxb. 

Stuart, Rev. John (fl. 1777-1805) : d. before 1832. Minister 
of Killin, Breadalbane, and afterwards of Luss, Dumbarton. 
D.D. A.L.S., 1793. Travelled in Highlands and Hebrides 
with Lightfoot, and assisted him in * Flora Scotica.' '* Has 
the finest private garden, and is the best botanist in 
Scotland," Memoir of Dr. Wright, 1828, 146. Discovered 
Juncus higlumis. Contrib. to Eng. Bot. (898, 2586). FL 
Scotica, xii. Salix Stuartiana Sm. 

Sturrock, Abram (1843-86) : b. Padanarum, Forfar, Sept., 
1843; d. Eattray, Perthshire, 13 March, 1886. School- 
master. Studied water-plants. Herbarium in Perthshire 
Soc. Nat. Science Museum. Proc. Perthshire Soc. Nat. 
Science, i. 264 ; Scott. Nat. 1886, 298. Potamogeton pusilltcs 
var. Sturrockii A. Benn. 

Sturt, Charles (1796-1869) : b. India, 1796 : d. Cheltenham, 
16 June, 1869. F.L.S., 1833. Captain, 39th Eegt. Travel- 
ler. Friend of E. Brown. In S. Austraha, 1828-31 ; in 
Central Australia, 1844-6. ' Expeditions into S. Australia,' 
1833. 'Expedition into Central Australia,' 1849, bot. 
appendix by E. Brown, to whom Sturt sent his plants. 
E. S. C. V. 880; Proc. Geogr. Soc. xvi. 287. Sturtia Br.= 
Gossypium Sturtii Muell. 

Sutherland^ James (fl. 1684-1703). Intendant of Bot. Gard., 
Edin. *Hortus Medicus Edinburgensis,' 1683. 'Cat. PL 
Hort. Edin.,' 1684. Correspondent of Petiver, Sherard, 
Uvedale, &c. Sent Scottish plants to Petiver, Mus. Pet. 
70, 95. Pult. ii. 4 ; Pritz. 309 ; Jacks. 411 ; Eich. Corr. 27, 
69 ; Loudon, * Arboretum,' 50 ; Pref. to Newton's Herbal, 
p. 5. Sutherlandia Br. 

Sutherland^ Peter C. (fl. 1850-70). M.D. Surveyor-General^ 
Natal. Sent plants to Harvey. * Journ. of Voyage in 
1850-51 in search of ' Erebus ' and ' Terror,' 1852. FL 
Capensis, i. 9 * ; E. S. C. v. 889 ; viii. 1047. Greyia Suther- 
landi Harv. 

Sutton, Rev. Charles (1756-1846) : b. Norwich, 6 March, 
1756 J d. Tombland, Norwich, 28 May, 1846. B.A. Camb., 
1779 ; D.D., 1806. A.L.S., 1791. Pupil of John Pitchford. 
'British species of Orobanche/ Trans. Linn. Soc. iv. 173. 
Discovered 0. elatior, Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 20, 568, &c. 
E. S. C. V. 889 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 341. Suttonia A. Eich. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 165 

Sutton^ George (1774-1859) : b. England, 1774 ; d. Bathurst 
N. S. Wales, May, 1859. Sent by Banks to N. S. Wales 
1798 ; returned to England, 1842, and shortly again to N, S, 
Wales. F.L.S., 1843. * Culture of Grape-vine and Orange 
in Australia,* 1843. * Forest-trees of Australia.' E. S. C. v. 
890 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 177 ; 1859-60, xxxiii. 

Swainson^ Isaac (d. 1806). Had a private bot. garden at 
Twickenham, circ. 1789, and owned some vegetable medi- 
cines. Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 75, 2533. Swainsona Salisb. 

Swainson, William (1789-1855): b. Liverpool, 8 Oct., 1789; 
d. Fern Grove, New Zealand, 7 Dec, 1855. Zoologist. 
F.L.S., 1816 ; F.E.S., 1820.^ ' Instructions for Collecting,' 
1808. *NaturaHst's Guide, 1822. Studied 7m, Sweet, 
Flower Garden, 2nd series, iii. 254. * Botanical Eeport on 
Victoria,' 1853. Greek plants in Hesrb. Liverpool Bot. Gard, 
Pritz. 309 ; Jacks. 218; E. S. C. viii. 893 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1855-6, xlix.; Naturalist, iv. 397 (1839). Water-colour 
portr., by Harrison, at Kew. 

Swayne^ Rev. George (1746 ?-1827) : b. Evilton, Somerset, 
1746? r d. Dyrham, Gloucester?, 24 Oct., 1827. B.A. Oxon, 
1766; M.A., 1771. Vicar of Pucklechurch, Gloucestersh., 
1772. Eector of Dyrham, 1806. ' Gramina pascua,' 1790 
(with dried specimens). Jacks. 239 ; E. S. C. v. 897. 

Sweet, Robert (1783-1835) : b. Cockington, S. Devon, 1783 ; d. 
Chelsea, 20 Jan., 1835. Nurseryman. F.L.S., 1812. Had 
a nursery at Stockwell, 1810, and afterwards at Parson's 
Green. * GeraniacesB,' 1820-30. *Cistine8B,' 1825-30. 'Hortus 
Britannicus,' 1826. 'Flora Australasica,' 1827. 'British 
Flower-Garden,' 1822-31. ' Botany of Great Britain,' 1831. 
Contrib. to Mag. Nat. Hist. ii. & iii. Pritz. 310 ; Jacks. 610 ; 
Mag. Nat. Hist. viii. 410 ; Gard. Mag. xi. 159, w. bibliography, 
Sweetia DC. 

Swete^^ Edward Horace (fl. 1854). Surgeon. Of Clifton, 
Bristol. Lect. Bot., Bristol Med. School. ' Flora Bristoli- 
ensis,' 1854. Pritz. 310 ; Jacks. 249. 

Swinhoe, Robert (1836 ?-77): b. 1836?; d. London, 28 Oct., 
1877. Consul at Formosa and Ning-po : at Amoy, 1861, 
F.E.S. Ornithologist, &c. * List of Plants from Formosa,' 
1863. Chinese plants at Kew. E. S. C. v. 898 ; viii. 1048 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1878, 96. Buhtis Swinhoei Hance. 

Switzer, Stephen (1665 or 1682-1745) : b. Hyde, near Win- 
chester, circ. 1665, or East Stretton, Mitcheldever, Feb., 
1682 ; d. 1745. Gardener under London and Wise at Blen- 
heim, 1706; with Lord Orrery, 1724-31. Had gardens on 
Millbank and near Vauxhall, and a shop in Westminster 
Hall. Visited France. * Ichnographia,' 1718. * Cythisus of 
the Ancients,' 1731. Pritz. 310 ; Cott. Gard. vi. 93 ; xiii. 
53 ; Felton, 45 ; Donaldson, Agric. Biog. 44. 

Sykes, William Henry (1790-1872): b. 25 Jan., 1790; d. 
London, 16 June, 1872. Lieut.-Col. Bombay Nat. Infantry, 
Zoologist, &c. F.E.S. , 1834. In India from youth until 
1831, M.P., Aberdeen, 1857. Lord Rector, Aberdeen, 1864-6. 



166 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Chairman, H.E.I.C., 1856. Collected in Bombay. Pritz* 
310; Proc. Eoy. Soc. 1871-2, xxxiii. ; E. S. C. v. 899 J 

* Biog. Notices,' 1857, with portr. inserted in Brit. Mus. 
copy. Sykesia Arn. 

Syme^ John Thomas Irvine [see Boswell]. 

Symons^ Rev. Jelinger (1778-1853) : b. Low Leyton, Essex, 
1778 ; d. Eadnage, Bucks, 20 May, 1851 ; bur. Eadnage. 
M.A. Cambridge, 1797 ; F.L.S., 1798. Curate at Whitburn, 
Durham. Eector of Eadnage, 1833-51. * Synopsis plantarum 
insulis Britannicis,' 1798. Sent list of Durham plants to 
Winch (Winch, Bot. Guide, ii. pref.). Pritz. 310 ; Jacks. 
233 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 192. 

Sympson^ Alexander (fl. 1699). Surgeon. Sent Gallipoli 
plants to Petiver. 

Talbot, William Henry Pox (1800-77) : b. Melbury, Dorset, 
11 Feb., 1800 ; d. Lacock Abbey, Dorset, 17 Sept., 1877 ; 
bur. Lacock Cemetery. Nephew of Earl of Ilchester. Dis- 
coverer of photography. M.A. Camb., 1821 ; LL.D. ; F.L.S., 
1829; F.E.S. Collected in Ionian Isles, 1826. Correspon- 
dent of Smith and W. J. Hooker. Smith Corr. ii. 293 ; 

* Athenaeum,' 1877, ii. 406 ; Trans. Soc. Biblic. Archasol. vi. 
1879, pt. ii. 

Tate, George (1805-66) : b. Alnwick, 21 May, 1805 ; d. same 
place, 7 June, 1866. * Fossil Flora of Eastern Borders,' in 
Johnston's Bot. of East. Bord. pp. 289-317. E. S. C. v. 
915 ; Proc. Berwicksh. Field Club, vi. 269. 

Tate, George Ralph (1835-74) : b. Alnwick, 27 March, 1835 ; 
d. Fareham, Hants, 23 Sept., 1874. M.D. Edinburgh. 
F.L.S. , 1869. Asst.- Surgeon, E. Artillery. Collected in 
China, 1859. Contrib. to * Supplement to Fl. Vectensis.' 
'Flora of Northumberland and Durham ' (with J. G. Baker), 
1867. Had a herbarium. Chinese plants at Kew. Jacks. 
611 ; E. S. C. viii. 1861 ; Berwicksh. Nat. Club, vii. 334 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1874-5, Ixiv. 

Tatham, John (1793-1875) : b. Settle, Yorks., 20 Sept., 1798 ; 
d. Settle, 12 Jan., 1875. Druggist. F.B.S.Ed., 1841* 
Assisted Windsor in ' Fl. Cravoniensis ' and Baines in ' FL 
Yorkshire.' Herbarium, in possession of his granddaughters, 
at Settle. Eng. Bot. 2890, 2905 ; Journ. Bot. 1875, 64 ; 
Naturalist, 1893, 25. 

Taylor, Joseph (fl. 1812-36). Of Newington Butts, Surrey. 
* Arbores mirabiles,' 1812. Jacks. 611. 

Taylor, Samuel (fl. 1806-26). Of Moston, Manchester, after- 
wards of Bungay. ' Growth of Whitethorn,' Phil. Mag. 1806, 

* Experiments on smut,' Phil. Mag. 1822, 350. Contrib. to 
Phil. Mag. 1806-26. E. S. C. v. 923. 

Taylor, Thomas (d. 1848) : d. Dunkerron, Kerry, Feb., 1848. 
M.D. Dublin, 1814. F.L.S., 1814. Prof. Bot., Cork Scientific 
Institution. *MuscologiaBritannica' (with SirW. J. Hooker), 
1818. * DeMarchantieis,' Linn. Trans, xvii. 1835, 375. * North 
Ireland Fungi,' Mag. Zool. Bot. v (1840), 3. ' Australian 



1 

\ 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 167 

Mosses/ Phyt. i. 1093. Herbarium and drawings at Boston, 
U.S.A. E. S. C. V. 923; Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 379 ; Journ. Bot. 
1849, 63. TayloHa Hook. 

Tedlie, Henry (1792 ?-1818 ?) : b. 1792 ? ; d. Cape Coast Castle, 
1818 ? Assistant- Surgeon to Bowdich's Mission to Ashantee, 
Materia Medica and Botany of the ' Mission,' 1819, pp. 870-4. 
Plants in Herb. Mus. Brit. Jacks. 349. 

Teesdale^ Robert (d. 1804) : d. Tumham Green, Middlesex, 25 
Dec, 1804. F.L.S., 1788. Gardener to Earl of Carlisle, at 
Castle Howard. Friend of Smith. Discovered Carex tomen- 
tosa, 1799. * Plantas Eboracenses,' Linn. Trans, ii. 103. 
Phil. Trans. 1792 ; Bot. Guide, 663 ; Trans. Linn. Soc. xi. 
283. Contrib. to E. Bot. 202, 2046, 2517, &c. E. S. C. v. 
927. Teesdalia Br. 

Telfklr, Charles (1777 ?-1833) : b. Belfast, 1777?; d. Port 
Louis, Mauritius, 14 July, 1833 ; bur. Cemetery, Port Louis. 
Surgeon. Founded Bot. Gardens, Mauritius and K^union. 
Correspondent of Sir W. J. Hooker. Plants at Kew. E. S. C. 
V. 929; * Notice Historique,' by J. Desjardins, 1836 ; 'Life,' 
by Bojer ; Bot. Misc. ii. 123 ; Bot. Mag. 3286 ; Journ. Bot. 
1834, 150. Oil portr. at Freemasons' Lodge, Port Louis. 
Telfairia Hook. 

Telfkir, Mrs. (d. 1832) : d. Port Louis, Mauritius, 1832. Wife 
of preceding. Sent Mauritius Algae to W. J. Hooker, de- 
scribed by Harvey in Journ. Bot. 1834, 147, and drawings to 
Bot. Mag. Thamnophora Telfairia Hook. & Harv. 

Templeton^ John (1766-1825) : b. Belfast, 1766 ; d. Cranmore, 
Malone, Belfast, 15 Dec, 1825. A.L.S., 1794. Orig. Memb. 
Belfast N. H. Soc, 1821. Found Bosa hihemica, Orobanche 
rubra (1805), Entosthodon Templetoni, &c Contrib. to E. 
Bot. 508, 2196, &c. ; Dillwyn's Confervse, Turner's i^uci, 
Muscologia Hibernica, &c MS. * Catalogue of pi. of Ireland,' 
1793-1814, at Eoyal Irish Academy. E. S. C. v. 930 ; Mag. 
Nat. Hist. i. (1828), 403 ; ii. (1829), 305 ; Stewart & Corry, 
xvi. ; Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 111. Templetonia Br. 

Thicknesse, Ralph (1719 ?-90) : b. Bartomley, Cheshire, 1719 ? ; 
d. Wigan, Lane, 12 Feb., 1790. M.D. B.A. Oxon, 1730; 
M.A., 1736. * Treatise on Foreign Vegetables,' 1749. Gent. 
Mag. 1790, i. 185. 

Thompson^ H. T. (fl. 1827). * Vegetable Physiology ' in Libr. 
Useful Knowledge, 1827. Jacks. 68. 

Thompson, John (fl. 1798). ' Botany Displayed,' 1798. Pritz. 
315 ; Jacks. 34. 

Thompson, John (fl. 1843). Of Crow Hall Mill, Northumber- 
land. Discovered Carex irrigua in 1843. E. B. Suppl. 2895. 

Thompson^ John' Vaughan (fl. 1807-29). Surgeon, 37th 
Eegt. M.D. ? A.L.S., 1807; F.L.S., 1810. Zoologist. 
' Piper,' Linn. Trans. 1807. ' Cat. of Berwick PI.,' 1807. 
Collected in Madagascar : plants in Brit. Mus. In Jamaica, 
1829. Pritz. 315 ; Jacks. 249 ; E. S. C. v. 958. Thompsonia 
Br. = Deidamia. 

Thompson^ Silvanus (1818-81) : b. Liverpool, 20 March, 



168 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

1818 ; d. Settle, Yorks., 3 Feb., 1881. Schoolmaster. Son- 
in-law of John Tatham. Contributed to * Phytologist,' and 
Baines' * Flora of Yorkshire.' Herb, at Wellington Museum, 
New Zealand. Eng. Bot. 2890 ; Naturalist, 1893, 26. 

Thompson^ Rev. T. (d. 1810) : d. Penzance, 1810. Contrib. 
notes on Daucus maritimus to Withering's Bot. Arr. ed. 3, 
290. Jones, Bot. Tour, 33. 

Thompson^ William (1805-52) : b. Belfast, 2 Dec, 1805 ; d. 
London, 17 Feb., 1852. Pres. Belfast Nat. Hist. Soc, 1843. 
Algologist. * Alga which colours Ballydrain Lake,' Mag. 
Zool. Bot. V. (1840), 75. Alg© in Herb. BeHast Mus. 
Stewart & Corry, xv. ; E. S. C. v. 960 ; Johnston Corr. 458 ; 
Litho. portr. by T. H. Maguire, 1849 ; copy at Kew. 

Thomson^ Anthony Todd (1778-1849) : b. Edinburgh, Jan., 
1778: d. Eahng, Middlesex, 3 July, 1849. M.D. Edin., 
1779. F.L.S., 1812. F.E.C.P. First Prof. Mat. Med., 
Univ. Coll., London, 1828. ' Lectures on Elements of Bot., 
1822. Edited Thomson's * Seasons,' with nat. hist, notes, 
1847. Pritz. 315 ; Biogr. in Dr. E. A. Parkes' ed. of his 
' Treatise of Skin-diseases,' 1850 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 91 ; 
Pharm. Journ. ix. 90. Thornsonia Wall. 

Thomson, Sir Charles Wyville (1830-82) : b. Bonsyde, Lin- 
lithgow, 5 March, 1830; d. Edinburgh, 10 March, 1882. 
Zoologist. Knighted, 1876. LL.D. Aberdeen; F.E.S., 
1867; F.L.S., 1872. F.B.S. Ed., 1847; Pres., 1871-2. 
Prof. Bot., Aberdeen, 1851. Chief of 'Challenger' Staff, 
1872-4. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1881-2, 67; Trans. Bot. Soc. 
Ed. xiv. 278. 

Thomson^ George (fl. 1720-42) : M.D. Aberdeen. L.E.C.P., 
1742. Practised at Maidstone. * Virtues of Plants,' 1734. 
Jacks. 199 ; Munk, ii. 149. 

Thomson, George (1819-78) : b. Balfron, near Glasgow, 26 
May, 1819; d. Victoria, W. Africa, 14 Dec, 1878. Mis- 
sionary in W. Africa from 1871. Contrib. to Kennedy's 
* Clydesdale Flora,' 1877. Collected in Africa. Proc. Nat. 
Hist. Soc. Glasgow, iv. 51. * Memoir,' 1881. 

Thomson^ Gideon (d. before 1855). Of Madras. Brother of 
Thomas Thomson (2). Collected in Madras, &c. Plants at 
Kew. Hooker & Thomson, * Fl. Indica,' 73. 

Thomson^ Spencer (fl. 1848-83]. M.D. St. Andrew's. Of 
Burton-on-Trent. ' Seed of Phaseolus,' Ann. & Mag. 1842, 
542. ' Wanderings among Wild Flowers,' 1854 ; ed. 10, 
1866. *Wild Flowers worth notice,' 1858. *Wayiside 
Weeds,' 1864. Pritz. 315 ; Jacks. 612. 

Thomson, Thomas (1773-1852) : b. Crieff, Perthsh., 12 April, 
1773; d. KUmun, Argylesh., 2 July, 1852. Father of the 
following. M.D. Edinburgh, 1799. Begins Prof. Chemistry, 
Glasgow, 1818. * Chemistry of Vegetables,' 1838. Jacks. 
612; E. S. C. V. 970; Pharm. Journ. xii. (1852-3), 95; 
Gent. Mag. 1852, ii. 202 ; AUibone. 

Thomson^ Thomas (1817-78) : b. Glasgow, 4 Dec, 1817 ; d. 
London, 18 April, 1878. M.D. Glasgow, 1839. F.L.S., 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 169 

1852 ; F.E.S. Surgeon, Bengal Army. Prof. Bot., Calcutta 
Medical Coll. Superintendent, Calcutta Bot. Gard., 1854. 
' Flora Indica ' (with J. D. Hooker), 1855. ' Western Hima- 
layas and Tibet,' 1852. Collected in Kashmir, &c. Plants 
at Kew, Brit. Mus., &c. Jacks. 612; E. S. C. v. 976; viii. 
1080 ; Gard. Chron. 1878, i. 529 ; Journ. Bot. 1878, 160 ; 
'Nature,' xviii. 15; Proc. Geogr. Soc. xxii. 309. Crayon 
portr. at Kew. Hedyotis Thomsoni Hook. f. 

Thomson, William (fl. 1830). M.A. Of Manchester. * Eo- 
lation between Strata and Plants,' Mag. Nat. Hist. 1830, 
410. ' Botanical notes on Llandudno,' Mem. Lit. Phil. Soc. 
Manchester, 2nd ser. v. 165. E. S. C. 976. 

Thomson, Rev. William Cooper (fl. 1820-71). Nephew of 
George Thomson (2). Missionary in Calabar from 1849 to 
1865. Afterwards practised Medicine in Liverpool. ' Ferns 
from Old Calabar,' Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. vi. 357 (1860). 
E. S. C. V. 976 ; ' Memoir of George Thomson,' 1881. 

Thomhill^ John (fl. 1803-40). Of Gateshead. * Fasciculus of 
Grasses,' 1806. ' Bot. Guide ' (with Winch & Waugh), 1805. 
Contrib. to Eng. Bot. 1163, 2807, &c. Jacks. 257. Phascvm 
bryoides var. Thornhillii Wils. 

Thornton, Robert John (1758 ?-1837) : b. circ. 1758; d, 
London, 21 Jan., 1837. M.B. Camb., 1793. M.D. St. 
Andrew's, 1805 ; L.E.C.P., 1812. Succeeded J. E. Smith 
as Lecturer on Bot. at Guy's Hospital. * Temple of Flora,* 
1799-1804. 'Practical Bot.,' 1808. * Philosophy of Bot.,' 
1809. ' Family Herbal,' 1810. Pritz. 316 ; Jacks. 612 ; 
E. S. C. V. 982 ; Munk, iii. 98 ; Gent. Mag. 1837, ii. 93. 
Engr. portr. by Eidley, after crayon by Eussel, E.A., 1803, 
at Kew ; one by Hill, after the same, in * Family Herbal * ; 
one by B. Thomson, after Harlow, in * Outline of Botany ; 
and one by Bartolozzi, after Eussel, in * Temple of Flora.' 
Thomtonia Eeichb. = Pavonia. 

Threlfall, William (1862-88): b. Hollowfork, Preston, 1862; 
drowned in E. Dryala, Kurdestan, March, 1888 ; bur. Bagdad. 
B.A. Oxon, 1885; F.L.S., 1887. Was investigating Oriental 
Flora. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1887-8, 98. 

Threlkeld, Rev. Caleb (1676-1728) : b. Keiberg, Kirk Oswald, 
Cumberland, 31 May, 1676 ; d. Dublin, 28 April, 1728 ; bur. 
St. Patrick's. M.A. Glasgow, 1698. M.D. Edin., 1712. 

* Synopsis stirp. Hibern.,' 1727. Had a private bot. gard., 
Loudon, Encycl. Gard. 282. Pult. ii. 196 ; Pritz. 316 ; Jacks. 
612 ; Pref. to * Synopsis ' ; Stewart & Corry, xiv. ; Eose. 
Threlkeldia Br. 

Thwaites^ George Henry Kendrick (1811-82) : b. Bristol 
1811 ; d. Kandy, Ceylon, 11 Sept., 1882. Ph.D. ; F.L.S. 
1854; F.E.S. C.M.G., 1878. Local Sec. Bot. Soc. Lond. 
1839. Lectured at Bristol, 1846. Superintendent, Pera 
deniya Bot. Gard., 1849; Director, 1857-80. Contrib 
Bristol list to Top. Bot. and to Phytol. from 1841 

* Enumeratio PL Zeylanise,' 1858-64. Described Dasygloia 
amorpha for Eng. Bot. (2941). Pritz. 318; Jacks. 612 



170 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

E. S. C. V. 989 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1882-3, 43 ; Gard Chron. 

1874, 438, with portr. ; 1882, ii, 505 ; AthensBum, 1882, 500. 

Portr. Kew. Thwaitesia Montagne = Kendrichia Hook. f. 
Tidyman, Philip (d. 1850) : d. Aberdeen, 11 July, 1860. 

M.E.C.S. London. ; M.D. Gottingen, 1800. Of Charleston, 

U.S.A. ' Oryza sativa,' Gottingen, 1800. Pritz. 318. 
Tighe, William (fl. 1790-1811). M.P. * Maritime Plants of 

Fethard, co. Wexford,' in Trans. Dublin Soc iii. (1803). 

* The Plants,' a poem, 1808-11, with hot. notes. Jacks. 212. 
Tilden, — (fl. 1700). Hudson's Bay plants in Sherardian Herb., 

Oxford. Pursh. Flora Am. Sept. xviii. 

Titford, WiUiam Jowit (fl. 1811) : b. Jamaica. M.D. * Hortua 
botanicus americanus,' 1811. Pritz. 319 ; Jacks. 354. 

Tofield^ — (fl. 1778). Of Doncaster. Correspondent of Hudson. 
Tofieldia Hudson. 

Tolmie^ W. Fraser (d. 1886): d. Victoria, Brit. Columbia^ 
1886. M.D. Pupil of Sir W. J. Hooker. To Fort Van- 
couver as medical ofl&cer, 1832. Canadian Geol. Survey. 
Contrib. to 'Fl. Boreali-Americana.' Comp. Bot. Mag. ii. 
159 ; Amer. Journ. Sci. cxxxiii. 244. Tolmiea Hook.= OZflwfe- 
thamnus Tolmiea Tor. & Gr. 

Tomlinson, George (1696-1760) : b. Aug. 1696 ; d, Hathem, 
Leicestersh., 10 Feb., 1760. Eelative of Pulteney. * Miscel- 
lanies,' MS. ? Contributed to Gent. Mag. Had herbarium 
of 1000 species. Left paintings and MS. descriptions. 
Pulteney in Nichols' ' Hist. Leicestersh.' iii. 847. 

Tonge, Rev. Ezereel (1621-80) : b. Tockill, Yorks, 11 Nov., 
1621; d. Tockill, 18 Dec, 1680. B.A. Oxon, 1643; D.D., 
1656. Communications relating to vegetation in Phil. Trans, 
iii.-v. Athen. Ox. iii. 1260 ; Alumn. Oxon. 

Towers^ George John (fl. 1834-47). * Potato-disease,' Journ. 
Hort. Soc. ii. 1847, 31 ; iii. 1848, 22. ' Absorption of coloured 
infusions by roots,' Trans. Hort. Soc. ii. 41. E. S. C. vi. 16. 

Townley, John (fl. 1836-47). Of Preston. Agricultural writer. 
' Diseases of Potato,* 1847. Jacks. 102. 

Townshendy Rev. Joseph (d. 1816) : d. Pewsey, Wilts, 9 Nov.^ 
1816. M.A. Camb., 1765. Eector of Pewsey. Geologist. 

* Food of Plants.' Nicholson, Journ. Nat. Phil, xxiii. 5 
(1809). E. S. C. vi. 17; Eose; AUibone. 

Townson, Robert (fl. 1792-9). LL.D. ; F.E.S.Ed. M.D. 
Gottingen, 1795. Travelled in Hungary, 1793. 'Percep- 
tivity of Plants,' Trans. Linn. Soc. ii. 267. * Tracts in Nat. 
History and Physiology,' 1799. E. S. C. vi. 17 ; Allibone. 

Tozer^ Rev. John S. (d. 1836). Drowned near Shrewsbury^ 
March, 1836. Curate of St. Petrock, Exeter. Contributed 
to Hooker's Brit. Flora and to Fl. Devoniensis. Discovered 
Erica ciliaris. Mag. Zool. Bot. i. 1837, 112 ; E. Bot. 2618, 
2628. Gent. Mag. 1836, 438 Bryum Tozeri Grev. 

Tradescant^ John (d. 1638) : b. in Holland ; d. Lambeth, Aug., 
1638 ; bur. Lambeth. Gardener to Charles I. Went to 
Algiers, 1620, and travelled through Europe, Egypt, &c. 

* Museum Tradescantianum,' 1656, with portr. by Hollar. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 171 

Eees ; Ger. em. ; Parkinson ; Phil. Trans, xlvi., with portr. ; 
Loudon, ' Arboretum,' 40, 49 ; Michaud ; Lysons' Environs 
of London, i. 240. Portr. in Nichols' * Illustr. to Granger.' 
Tradescantia. 

Tradescant, John (1608-62) : b. Meopham, Kent ?, 1608 ; d. 
Lambeth, 22 April, 1662; bur. Lambeth. Gardener to 
Charles II. Son of preceding. Introduced Tradescantia^ 
Lirwdendrofiy &c. Pritz. 321 ; Evelyn, * Sylva,' ed. Hunter, 
i. 207 ; Loudon, * Arboretum,' 49-50 ; Cott. Gard. iv. 269 ; 
viii. 3; Michaud; Felton, 92. Portr. by Hollar in Phil. 
Trans, xlvi. and Ixiii, * Museum Tradescantianum ' and 
Nichols' * Illustr. to Granger.' Portr. at Kew and at 
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

Traill^ Catherine Parr nSe Strickland (1801 ?-89 ?) : b. 
Suffolk?, England, 1801?; d. in Canada, 1889? Sister 
of Agnes Strickland. Of Lakefield, Ontario. To Canada, 
1832 ? * Canadian Wild Flowers,' 1869. ' Studies of Plant- 
life in Canada,' 1884. Jacks. 366. Portr. prefixed to 

* Studies.' 

Traill, James (fl. 1827). Gardener at Chiswick. A.L.S., 1827. 

* Hoya,' Trans. Hort. Soc. vii. 16. E. S. C. vi. 18. 
Traill, William (d. 1886) : b. Kirkwall ; d. St. Andrews, 10 

Dec, 1886; bur. St. Andrews. Conchologist. M.D. Edin., 

1841. F.B.S.Ed., 1841. * Submarine Forests in Orkney,' 

Journ. Bot. 1867, 174. E. S. C. vi. 21 ; viii. 1107 ; Trans. 

B. S. Ed. xvii. 17. 
Travis, William (fl. 1795-1836). Of Scarborough. A.L.S., 

1795. Contrib. to E. Bot. 267, 285, 310, 319, 430, 1202. 

Jacks. 259. 
Trevelyan, Sir Walter Calverley, Bart. (1797-1879) : b. 

Newcastle, 1797 ; d. Wallington, Northumb., 23 March, 1879. 

B.A. Oxon, 1820 ; M.A., 1822. Succeeded at 6th Bart. 1846. 

Discovered Trichonema Bulhocodium, Mag. Nat. Hist. 1834. 

* Vegetation of Faroe Islands,' Edin. Phil. Journ. 1835, and 
Florence, 1837. Contrib. to E. Bot. 2798. E. S. C. vi. 34 ; 
viii. 1114 ; Gard. Chron. 1879, i. 412 ; Journ. Bot. xvii. 160 ; 
Trans. B. S. Ed. xiv. 8. 

Trimmer, Rev. Kirby ^1804-87) : b. Poplar, Middlesex, 22 
Dec, 1804; d. Norwicn, 9 Oct., 1887; bur. Crostwick, near 
Norwich. B.A. Oxon, 1828. Vicar of St. George Tombland, 
Norwich, 1842. ' Flora of Norfolk,' 1866. Supplement, 1884. 
Pritz. 323 ; Jacks. 257 ; Ann. Bot. 1888, 412 ; Journ. Bot. 
1887, 383. 

Tupper, James Perchard (fl. 1797-1821). Of Guernsey. M.D. 
F.L.S., 1797. Pupil of J. E. Smith. * Sensation in Vege- 
tables,' 1811. Pritz. 325 ; Jacks. 82. 

TumbuU, Robert (1813 ?-91) : b. Knaresboro', Yorksh., 1813 ?; 
d. Scarborough, 19 Jan., 1891. Steward to Lord Derwent. 
Pupil in Geology and Engineering of William Smith. * Index 
of British Plants,' 1890. ' Land Agents' Eecord,' xxvi. 92. 

Turner, Dawson (1775-1858) : b. Yarmouth, 18 Oct., 1775 ; d. 
Brompton, London, 20 June, 1858. Banker. Of Yarmouth. 



172 BIOGEAPHIOAL INDEX OP 

F.L.S., 1797. 'British. Fuci,' 1802. * Botanist's Guide' 
(with Dillwyn), 1805. * Muscologicse Hibernicse Spicilegium/ 
1804. * Fuci,' 1808-19 (many plates by his wife). Contrib. 
largely to E. Bot. Discovered Mathiola incana, 1806. Col- 
lections at Kew, Pritz. 325 ; Jacks. 614 ; E. S. C. vi. 67 ; 
Proc. Linn. Soc. 1858-9, xl. ; ' Athenaeum,' 1858, ii. 82 ; 
Allibone. Engr. after Davis, 1816, and photo, from oil portr. 
at Kew. Dawsonia E. Br. 

Turner, James (fl. 1805-8). Of Harleston, Norfolk. F.L.S., 
1806. Brother of preceding. Lichenologist. Contrib. to 
E. Bot., 1499-1501, 1892, 2683. 

Turner, John (fl. 1820). F.L.S., 1821. Asst. Sec. E. Hort. 
Soc, 1820. Ipomcea tuberosa. Trans. Hort. Soc.i. 184. E. S. C. 
vi. 69. 

Turner, Miss Magdalene (fl. 1848-80). Of Oxford. Sent 
Jersey Alg8B to Harvey for * Phycologia Britannica ' (t. 315). 
Cladophora Magdalencs Harv. 

Turner, Robert (fl. 1654-87). Of Holshot. * Botanologia,' 
1664, with portr. Another portr. in his translation of 
Moulton's ' Bone-setter,' 1665. Pult. i. 180 ; Pritz. 325. 

Turner, Rev. William (d. 1568) : b. Morpeth, Northumb., be- 
tween 1510 and 1515 ; d. London, 7* July, 1568 ; bur. St. 
Olave's, Hart Street. B.A. Camb., 1529-30 ; M.A., 1533. 
M.D. Ferrara or Bologna, and Oxford. Dean of Wells, 1550. 
** Father of English Botany." * Libellus de re herbaria/ 
1538, reprinted with biog. and bibliog. by B. D. Jackson, 
1877. ' Names of herbes,' 1548, reprinted 1882. ' Herbal,* 
1551-68. Had a garden at Kew. Pult. i. 56 ; Bees ; Pritz. 
325 ; Jacks. 614 ; Fl. Midd. 364 ; Cott. Gard. vii. 107 ; Alumn. 
Oxon. Turnera L. 

Turton, William (fl. 1803). M.D. Of Swansea. Discovered 
Draha aizoides E. Bot. 1271, 1338. Prepared a pocket flora. 

Tweedie, James (1775-1862) : b. 1775 ; d. Santa Catalina, 
Buenos Ayres, 1 April, 1862. * Buenos Ayres,' Ann. Nat. 
Hist. iv. (1840) 8. Collected in Buenos Ayres, 1835, and S. 
Brazil : plants sent to Hooker. Letter in Comp. Bot. Mag. 
i. 235. E. S. C. vi. 73; Journ. Bot. 1834, 178; Lasagne, 
486. Tioeedia Hook = Oocypetalum, 

Twining, Miss Elizabeth (1805 ?-89) : b. 1805 ? ; d. Twicken- 
ham, Middlesex, 24 Dec, 1889. 'Illustrations of Natural 
Orders,' 1849-55, ed. ii. 1868. ' Lectures on Plants,' 1858. 
' The Plant World,' 1866. Pritz. 326 ; Jacks. 615 ; E. S. 0. 
vi. 74. 

Tyas, Rev. Robert (1811-79). B.A. Camb., 1848 ; M.A., 
1856. * Favourite Field Flowers,' 1848-50. * Flowers from 
Holy Land,' 1851. Pritz. 326 ; Jacks. 615 ; Allibone. 

Tylor, Alft-ed (1824-84): b. 26 Jan., 1824; d. Carshalton, 
Surrey, 31 Dec, 1884. Geologist. F.L.S., 1849. ' Growth 
of Trees and Protoplasmic Continuity,' 1886. Geol. Mag. 
1885, 142 ; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1885, 42. 

Tyson, Rev. Michael (1740-80) : b. Stamford, 19 Nov., 1740; 
d. Lambourne, Essex, 3 May, 1780 ; bur. Lambourne. B.A. 



BEITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 173 

Camb., 1764 ; M.A., 1767 ; B.D., 1775 ; F.E.S., 1769. Eector 
of Lamboume, 1776. Friend of Israel Lyons and Gray. 
*' His skill in botanical researches was exceeded by few," 
Cole MS. 5886. Nich. Anec. viii. 204-210 ; Kay Lett. 482. 



Underwood^ John (fl. 1800). A.L.S. Superintendent, Dublin 
Society's Bot. Garden, Glasnevin. *Cat. pi. Glasnevin,' 
1800. White, * Grasses of Ireland,' xvi. ; Jacks. 411. 

tlvedale, Rev. Robert (1642-1722) : b. Westminster, 25 May, 
1642; d. 17 Aug., 1722; B.A. Camb., 1662; M.A., 1666. 
LL.D., 1682. Master of Enfield Grammar School, circ. 1670. 
Eector of Orpington, Kent, 1696. Correspondent of Magnol, 
Sloane, Sherard, Petiver, Dale, &c. Had a large garden of 
exotics. Herbarium in Herb. Sloane, vols. 302-315. Pult» 
ii. 30 ; Eees (under Uvedaliaj ; Eich. Corr. 15 ; Journ. Bot. 
1891, 9. Uvedalia Br. = Mimulus in part. 



Vachell, Rev. George Harvey (fl. 1800-36). Chaplain to 
Factory at Macao. B.A. Camb., 1821. Plants in Herb. 
Kew and Fielding (Cambridge). Wight & Arn. Prod. Fl. 
Ind. 272. VacheUia W. & A. = Acacia Farnesiana, 

Vaizey, John Reynolds (1862-89) : b. London, 10 Sept., 1862; 
d. Cambridge, 24 Feb., 1889 ; bur. Broxbourne, Herts. M.A. 
Cambridge, 1888. Visited Norway for Mosses, 1887. Papers 
on structure of Mosses in Journ. Linn. Soc. 1887 and Ann. 
Bot. 1888-90. 

Valentia^ Lord Viscount [see Annesley, George] . 

Valentine, William (d. 1884). Of Nottingham. F.L.S., 1831. 
* Theca in Mosses,' Linn. Trans. 1833. * Stomata in Mosses,' 
Linn. Trans. 1838. ' Pilularia,' Linn. Trans. 1839. E. S. C. 
vi. 101. 

Varenne, Ezekiel George (1811-87) : b. Marylebone, 6 May, 
1811 ; d. Kelvedon, Essex, 22 April, 1887 ; bur. Kelvedon. 
Surgeon. M.E.C.S., 1833. Lichenologist. Contributed to 
Phytol. iii., and to Gibson's Flora of Essex. Herbarium in 
possession of E. D. Marquand. E. S. C. vi. 110; Essex 
Naturalist, v. 1891, 42, with portr. 

Vaughan^ James (fl. 1853). M.E.C.S. Asst. Surgeon, Bom- 
bay Army. ' Drugs observed at Aden,* Pharm. Journ. xii» 
(1858). E. S. C. vi. 114. 

Veitch, James (1792-1863) : b. Killerton, Exeter, 25 Jan., 1792; 
d. Exeter, 14 May, 1863. Bought Knight and Perry's nur- 
sery, Chelsea, 1853. Cott. Gard. xiii. 273, with portr. ; xxix. 
362. 

Veitch, John Gould (1839-70) : b. Exeter, April, 1839 ; d. 
Coombe Wood, Surrey, 13 Aug., 1870; bur. Brompton Ceme- 
tery. Son of preceding. F.L.S., 1866. Visited Japan, China, 
and Philippines, 1860 ; Australia and Pacific, 1864. Intro- 
duced many plants. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1870-71, xc. ; Gard. 
Chron. 1870, 1117. VeitcUa Wendl. 



174 BIOGRAPHICAIi INDEX OF 

Velley, Thomas (1749 ?-1806) : b. Chipping Ongar, Essex, 
1749?; d. Beading, Berks., 8 June, 1806. Lieut.-CoL, Ox- 
ford Militia. D.C.L., 1787 ; F.L.S., 1792. Of Bath, and 
afterwards Liverpool. Algologist. * Coloured figs, of Marine 
Plants,' 1795. Correspondent of Dawson Turner. Herba- 
rium, 18 vols., with notes, in Liverpool Bot. Gard. Pritz. 
330 ; Jacks. 242 ; E. S. C. vi. 131 (omitting No. 4) ; Smith 
Corr. ii. 348 ; Linn. Trans, v. 145 ; E. B. 1690 ; Ann. Bot. 
ii. 593; Naturahst, iv. (1839), 398; Gent. Mag. Ixxvi. 1806, 
vi. 588. Velleia Sm. 

Vemon, Wmiam (fl. 1688-95). B.A. Camb., 1688 ; M.A., 
1692. Studied Mosses. Sent plants from Maryland to 
Petiver. Plants from E. Indies and Maryland in Herb. 
Sloane (59, 72, &c.). Mus. Pet. nos. 89, 566. Verrionia 
Schreb. 

Vicary, N. (fl. 1835-53). Major, 2nd European Eegt. * Botany 
of Sinde,' Ann. Nat. Hist. i. 420. Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 
xvi. 1152 (1847). ** Small but very valuable herbariima " at 
Kew, Fl. Indica, i. 70. E. S. C. vi. 149. Vicarya WaU. = 
Myriopteron, 

Voifft, Johann Otto (1798-1843) : b. Nordborg, Sleswick, 22 
March, 1798 ; d. London, 22 Juna T843. Surgeon to Danish 
Govt., Serampore, 1827 ; Supt. Bot. Gard., Serampore, 1834 ; 
of Bot. Gard., Calcutta, 1842. * Hortus Suburbanus Calcut- 
tensis' (ed. Grifl&th), 1845. Pref. to Hort. Suburb. Calc. 

Wade, Walter (d. 1825) : d. Dublin, 1825. M.D. A.L.S., 1792. 
Prof, to Eoy. Dubhn Soc. Caused establishment of their 
garden, 1790. * Catalogus pi. in com. Dublinense,' 1794. 

* PlantaB rariores in Hibern.,' 1804. * Lectures on Grasses,* 
1808. ' SaHces,' 1811. DiscoveTed Eriocaulon, Pritz. 336; 
Jacks. 617; E.S.C.vi. 221; Smith Corr. ii. 127, 147, 160: 
' Irish Flora,' vii. ; Mag. Nat. Hist. 1829, 305. 

Wakefield^ Priscilla^ 7iee Bell (1751-1832) : b. Tottenham, 
Middlesex, 1751; d, Ipswich, Suffolk, 12 Sept., 1832; m, 
Edward Wakefield, 1771. * Introduction to Botany,' 1796 ; 
ed. 8, 1818. Pritz. 337 ; Jacks. 36 ; Eose ; Friends' Books, 
ii. 848 ; Gent. Mag. 1832, ii. 650. 

Walcott, John (fl. 1778-1822). Of Highnam Court, Gloucester, 

* Flora Britannica Indigena,' 1778. Pritz. 337 ; Jacks. 233. 
Walford, Thomas (fl. 1750-1818). Of Birdbrook, Essex. F.L.S., 

1797. Correspondent of Sowerby. * Scientific Tourist,' 1818, 

Contrib. to E. Bot. 259, 446, 630. MS. in Bot. Dept., Mus. 

Brit. Jacks. 233 ; E. S. C. vi. 239. 
Walker, A. W., nSe Baton (fl. 1830-55). Wife of Colonel 

J. T. Walker. *Tour in Ceylon,' Journ. Bot. 1840, 223. 

Ascended Adam's Peak, Comp. Bot. Mag. i. (1855), 3. Wight. 

Illustr. i. 18. Collected in Ceylon, 1830-40. Plants at Kew. 

E. S. C. vi. 239. Patonia Wight = Xylopia, 
Walker, Rev. James (d. before 1880). M.A. Head-master, 

King's School, Parramatta. WooUs, * Indigenous PI. Sydney/ 

p. 1. 



BBITISH AND lEISH BOTANISTS. 175 

Walker, J. K. (fl. 1829-32). M.D. Of Huddersfield. ' Botany 
of Malvern Hills,' in Midland Medical Eeporter, i. (1828-9), 
100. E. S. C. vi. 244. 

Walker, James Thomas (fl. 1810-71). Colonel. Collected in 
Ceylon, 1830-40. Plants at Kew. Journ. Bot. 1840, 223 ; 
E. S. C. vi. 244 ; viii. 1185. 

Walker, Rev. John (1731 ?-1804) : b, Edinburgh, 1731 ? ; d, 
Edinburgh? 22 Jan., 1804. D.D. Edin. Prof. Nat. Hist., 
Edinburgh University, 1775. Teacher of Eobert Brown. MS. 
Adversaria, 1771, dividing 4 Linnsean genera of Algae into 14, 
Greville, * Algae Brit.,' iii. * Experiments on Sap,' 1785. 
*' Essays on Natural History,' 1812. Discovered Veronica 
fruticulosa in Britain, 1782. Contrib. to E. Bot. (1028, 1585, 
1643). E. S. C. vi. 245; 'Memoir,' Jardine's 'Naturalist's 
Library,' vol. 26 (Birds, vol. 3), w. portr. engr. Lizars; 
Loudon, 'Arboretum,' 87. 

Walker, Rev. Richard (fl. 1700-63). B.A. Camb., 1706; D.D., 
1728. Vice-Master, Trin. Coll., Camb. Founded Cambridge 
Bot. Garden, 1761. Portr. in Thos. Martyn's 'Catalogus' of 
the Garden. 

Walker, Rev. Richard (1791-1870) ; b. Norwich, 17 March, 
1791 ; d. Olveston, near Thornbury, Gloucestershire, 31 Dec, 
1870; bur. .Olveston. B.A. Oxon, 1814; M.A., 1817; B.D., 
1824 ; F.L.S., 1829. Vice-President, Magd. CoU., Oxford. 
Master of Magdalen School, 1828-44. * Flora of Oxfordshire,' 
1833. Herbarium in possession of his family. Pritz. 337 ; 
Jacks. 258; Druce, Fl. Oxf., 394. 

Walker^ Thomas (fl. 1703). Sent plants from New Providence, 
Bahamas, to Petiver, Mus. Pet. p. 96. 

Walker-Amott, George Amott (1799-1868) : b. Edinburgh, 
6 Feb., 1799; d. Glasgow, 17 May, 1868. M.A. Edin., 
1818; LL.D. Aberdeen, 1837; F.L.S., 1825. Begins Prof. 
Bot., Glasgow, 1845, succeeding J. H.Balfour. * Botany ' in 
Encycl. Brit., ed. 7. * Ehizophoreae,' Mag. Zool. Bot. (1838), 
359. ' Langsdorffia,' id. (1839;, 36. * British Flora ' (with 
W. J. Hooker). Herbarium at Glasgow. Pritz. 9; Jacks. 
516; E. S. C. i. 98; vi. 568; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. ix. (1868), 
414 ; Gard. Chron. 1868, 683 ; Journ. Bot. vi. 223 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. ii. 120 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1869, 101. Portr. at Kew. 

Wallace, James (fl. 1684-1724). M.D. F.E.S. In East India 
Company's service. Edited his father's * Description of 
Orkney,' 1693, with list of plants in ed. 2, 1700 ; reprint, 
1883. Visited New Caledonia. In Darien (Phil. Trans, xxii. 
(1700), p. 536), and gave plants from there to Petiver and 
Sloane, Mus. Pet. n. 53 ; Hb. Sloane, 60, 157. Pult. ii. 8 ; 
Pritz. 337 ; Jacks. 258. 

Wallen^ Matthew (fl. 1788) : b. Ireland. Eesident in Jamaica. 
Cultivated plants. Assisted P. Browne. **Botanices prae- 
cellens cultor et promotor," Swartz, Fl. Ind. Occ. i. 247. 
Wallenia Sw. 

Wallich, Nathaniel (1786-1854) : b. Copenhagen, 28 Jan., 
1786 ; d. Gower Street, London, 28 April, 1854. M.D. 



176 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Copenhagen. F.L.S., 1818 ; F.E.S., 1829. Danish medical 
attache at Serampore, 1807. H. E. I. C. S., 1813. Super- 
intendent, Calcutta Garden, 1815-46. ' Tentamen Fl. Nepal- 
ensis,' 1824. * PL AsiaticsB Eariores,' 1830-32. MS. Cat. of 
H. E. I. C. Herbarium. Pritz. 337 ; Jacks. 618 ; E. S. C. vi. 
252 ; Gard Chron. 1854, 284 ; Cott. Gard. vii. 3 ; xii. 90 ; 
Gent. Mag. 1854, ii. 84; Athenaaum, 1854, 556. Oil portr. 
by Lucas and engr. portrs. at Linn. Soc. Litho. by Maguire 
in Ipswich Museum series ; copy at Kew. ObeHsk in Calcutta 
Garden. Wallichia Eoxb, 

Wallis, Arthur (1816-56) : b. 1816 ; d. 24 April, 1856. Of 
Chelmsford ; afterwards of Brighton. * Plants of Chelms- 
ford,* Proc. Bot. Soc. Lond. 34. *Myosotis,' id.^ 66. 
* Orchideaa of Essex,' Ann. Nat. Hist. iv. (1840), 270. Con- 
trib. to Merrifield's Nat. Hist. Brighton (pref. vi.). Proc. 
Bot. Soc. Lond. 1839 ; Jacks. 249. 

WaUis, Rev- John (1714-93) : b. Croglin, Cumberland, 1714 ; d. 
Norton, near Stockton, 23 July, 1793. M.A. Oxon, 1740. 
Curate of Symonburn, Northumberland ; Houghton, 1775 ; 
and Billingham, near Darlington. * Nat. Hist, of Northum- 
berland,' 1769. Pult. i. 356 ; Jacks. 257 ; Gent. Mag. 1793, 
ii. 769 ; Chalmers ; Nich. Anecd. vii. 704 ; viii. 758. 

Wallis, John (fl. 1780-1836) : b. Sussex. Timber Surveyor. Of 
Lambeth. ' Dendrology,* 1833 ; ed. 2, 1835. Pritz. 338 ; 
Jacks. 207. 

Walsh, Rev. Robert (fl. 1794-1852): b. Waterf ord ; d. Fin- 
glas, Dublin, c. 1852. B.A. T.C.D., 1796. LL.D. Eector of 
Finglas. Chaplain to Brit. Embassy at Constantinople, 
1820. ' Hist. Dublin,' 1818, contains Cat. Dublin plants. 
' Plants of Constantinople,' Trans. Hort. Soc. vi. 32 (1826). 
Irish Flora, viii. ; AUibone ; E. S. C. vi. 256. 

Walter, Thomas (1740 ?-88): b. Hampshire, 1740; d. South 
Carolina, 1788. Planter. 'Flora Caroliniana,' 1788. The 
MS. brought to England in 1785 by John Fraser. Herbarium 
in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Pritz. 339 ; Jacks. 362; Loudon, 
' Arboretum,' 120 ; Apple ton. 

Ward, James (1803 ?-73) : b. 1803? ; d. Manchester, 7 March, 
1873. Of Kichmond, Yorks. Orig. Memb. Bot. Soc. Ed. " 
Eng. Bot. 2737, 2955. ' SaUctum Brit, exsicc' (with Leefe). 
List of Kichmond plants in N. B. G. 274. Herbarium at 
Stonyhurst College. Journ. Bot. 1873, 222. 

Ward, Nathaniel Bagshaw (1791-1868) : b. London, 1791 ; 
d. St. Leonards, Sussex, 4 June, 1868 ; bur. Norwood. 
M.E.C.S. F.L.S., 1817; F.E.S., 1852. Examiner to Soc. 
of Apothecaries, 1836-54 ; Master, 1854. . ' On growth of pi. 
in glazed cases,' 1842. Had herbarium of 25,000 specimens. 
Pritz. 339 ; Jacks. 618 ; K. S. C. vi. 265 ; viii. 1196 ; Proc. 
Linn. Soc. 1868-9, cxii. ; Journ. Hort. xiv. (1868), 441 ; 
Semple; Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. ix. (1868), 427. Oil portr. by 
Knight, E.A., and photo, at Linn. Soc. ; Litho. portr. at 
Kew ; Portr. at Apothecaries' Hall. Wardia Harv. & Hook. 

Waring, Rev. Richard HiU (1720 ?-94): b. Shrewsbury, 1720?; 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 177 

d. Berwick, near Shrewsbury, 11 Sept., 1794. Of St. James's, 
Westminster. F.E.S. 'Plants found in several parts of 
England,* Phil. Trans. Ixi. 359, Gent. Mag. 1794, ii. 966, 1051. 

Waring^ Miss S. (fl. 1827-41). ' The Meadow Queen, or th^ 
Young Botanists,' 1836. Jacks. 486 ; Allibone. 

Warner, Richard (1711-75): b. London?, 1711; d. Wood- 
ford, Essex, 11 April, 1775 ; bur. Woodford. Corres- 
pondent of LinnsBUs. ' PlantsB Woodfordiensis,' 1771. Her- 
baria at Wadham Coll., Oxford, and in possession of Essex 
Field Club. Pult. ii. 281 ; Pritz. 339 ; Jacks. 262 ; Gibson, 
Fl. Essex, 147 ; Eose ; Allibone. Oil portr. in possession of 
Sir Arthur Jervoise at Idsworth. Wameria Mill.= Hy- 
drastis. 

Warren, Miss Elizabeth Andrew (d. 1864) : d. Flushing, Corn- 
wall, 5 May, 1864. Algologist. Of Flushing. ' Bot. Chart for 
Schools,' 1839. List of Falmouth Algae in Eept. Cornwall 
Polytechnic Soc, 1849. E. S. C. vi. 269; Eept. Comw. 
Polytech. Soc, 1864, 11 ; Journ. Bot. 1865, 101. Schizosi- 
phon WarremcBf Casp. 

Waterhouse^ Bei^amin (1754-1846): b. Newport, Ehode 
Island, 4 March, 1754; d. Cambridge, Mass., 2 Oct., 1846. 
M.D. Leyden, 1780. Pupil of Fothergill. Prof. Medicine, 
Harvard, 1783 ; of Nat. Hist., Brown University, 1784. 
Founded Harvard Bot. Garden. Correspondent of Smith, 
Corr. ii. 178. ' The Botanist,* 1811. Appleton. 

Watkins^ Burton Mounsher (1816-92) : b. Liverpool, Dec, 
1816 ; d. Treaddow, near Eoss, Herefordsh., 30 July, 1892. 
'Florula of Dowards ' in Trans. Woolhope Field Nat. Soc, 
1881. Contrib. to ' Fl. Herefordshire,' 1889. E. S. C. vi. 
279, viii. 1202 ; Journ. Bot., 1892, 319. 

Watkins^ Charles R. W. (fl. 1855-74). Capt. in Bombay Army. 

* Principles of Botany,* 1858. Pritz. 339 ; Jacks. 43. 
Watlington^ John (d. 1659) : bur. Beading, 2 Oct., 1659. 

Friend of Ashmole. " Apothecary in Beading, and a very 
good botanist," Ashmole's ' Life,' pp. 307, 308, 326. 

Watson^ Alexander (fl. 1825). '' Militum prsefectus." ' Flora 
Sta Helenica,' 1825. Pritz. 339. 

Watson, Hewett Cottrell (1804-81) : b. Firbeck, Yorkshire, 
1804 ; d. Thames Ditton, Surrey, 27 July, 1881 ; bur. Thames 
Ditton Churchyard. F.L.S., 1834. * Outlines of distrib. of 
Brit. PL,' 1832. * Eemarks on Distrib.,' 1835. ' New Bot. 
Guide,' 1835-7. 'Cybele Brit.,' 1847-60. 'Compendium,' 
1868-70. ' Top. Bot.,' 1873-4 ; ed. 2, 1883. Contributed to 

* PhytoL' o.s. Discovered Banunculus tripartitus in Britain, 
E. Bot. 2946. Herb, of Brit. pi. at Kew, of others at Owens 
College, Manchester. MSS. in Bot. Dept., Brit. Mus. Pritz. 
340 ; Jacks. 618 ; E. S. C. vi. 280 ; viii. 1202 ; Life, with 
photo, portr., Journ. Bot. 1881, 257 ; Gard. Chron. 1881, ii. 
177. Photo, at Kew. 

Watson^ John Forbes (d. 1892) : d. Bournemouth, July, 1892. 
M.D. F.L.S., 1859. Indian Annjr Medical Service ; Eeporter 
to Government on Products of India ; afterwards Director 

13 



178 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OP 

of Indian Museum. * Growth of Cotton in India/ 1859. 
' Index to Native Names/ 1868. * Flowers and Gardens/ 
1872. Jacks. 221 ; Athenaeum, Aug. 6, 1892. 

Watson, Peter WiUlam (1761-1830) : b. Hull, Aug., 1761 ; d. 
Hull, 1 Sept., 1830. F.L.S., 1824. One of the founders of 
Hull Bot. Garden. * Dendrologia Britannica,' 1826. Pritz. 
340; Jacks. 244; Loudon, Gard. Mag., vii. 512 ; 'Arbore- 
tum,' 188 ; Corlass, * Sketches of Hull Authors,' 109. 

Watson, Sir WUliam (1716-87) : b. London, 1715 ; d. Lon- 
don, 10 May, 1787. Apothecary and Physician. F.R.S., 
1741. M.D., Halle and Wittenberg, 1757 ; L.R.C.P., 1769 ; 
F.R.C.P., 1784. Knighted, 1786. Electrician. Papers in 
Phil. Trans, xlii.-liii. Pult. ii. 295 ; Linn. Corr. ii. 481 ; 
Munk, ii. 348; Felton, 142; Michaud. Oil portr. by L. 
Abbot at Roy. Soc, engr. by Ryder, 1791. Watsonia Miller 
= Antholyza, 

Watt, Mrs. (fl. 1801). Of Birmingham. Sent Algse to Wither- 
ing and Stackhouse. Stackhouse, * Nereis,' xxix. 

Watts, Charles (fl. 1680). Apothecary. Curator of Chelsea 
Garden, circ. 1680. Ray Lett. 168-9 ; Eveljm, Memoirs, i. 
606 ; Loudon, Encyc. Gard., 276 ; Semple. 

Watts, Rev. John Stanhawe (fl. 1760-1800). Of Ashill, 
Norfolk. B.A. Camb., 1772 ; F.L.S., 1798. Contrib. to E. 
Bot. 544, 656, 667. 

Wauch, Captain (fl. 1824). Of Foxhall. Contributed Fungi 
to Greville's * Fl. Edinensis,' vii. 

Waugh, Richard (fl. 1805). One of editors of ' Bot. Guide 
Northumberland and Durham.' E. Bot. 1163, 1526; Jacks. 
257. 

Wavell, WiUiam (fl. 1783-1823). M.D. Edinburgh. F.L.S., 
1823. Partner and successor of William Curtis in Grace- 
church Street. Practised as physician at Barnstaple. E. 
Bot. 1612 ; Thornton, * Life of Curtis,' 4-6 ; Fl. Midd. 393. 

Weaver, Thomas (1803 ?-75): b. 1808?; d. Winchester, 31 
Jan., 1875. Gardener, Winchester College. Knew Brit. pi. 
Under Baxter at Oxford Bot. Gard. Gard. Chron. 1876, i. 
149. 

Webb, Frederick Morgan (1841-80) ; b. Stafford, 1841 ; d. 
Edinburgh, Oct., 1880. F.B.S.E. Memb. Bot. Exchange 
Club. Curator of Edinburgh Bot. Gard. Critical on Bosa 
and Bubus, Edited ' Flora of Liverpool,' 1866. * Utricu- 
laria Bremii,' Joum. Bot. 1876. Contributed to Top. Bot., 
Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xiii. Journ. Bot. 1880, 382. 

Webb, PhUip Barker (1773-1854) : b. Milford, Surrey, 1793 ; 
d. Paris, 31 Aug., 1864. B.A. Oxon, 1816 ; F.L.S., 1818. 
In the East, 1818 ; in Spain, 1826 ; Madeira, 1828-30 ; Ire- 
land, 1851. ' Iter Hispaniense,' 1838. ' Otia Hispanica,' 
1839. * Histoire Naturelle des Canaries,' 1835-49. * Frag- 
menta FlorulsB -^thiopico-iEgyptiacBB,' 1848-9. * Spicilegia,' 
1849. Herbarium at Florence. Pritz. 340 ; Jacks. 619 ; 
E. S. C. vi. 286 ; J. Gay, in Bull. Soc. Bot. de France, 1866 ; 
Jkfichaud. Litho. portr. at Kew. Webbia DC. = Vemonia. 



BRITISH AND IBISH BOTANISTS. 179 

Webb, Rev. Robert Holden (1805 ?-80): b. circ. 1805; d. 
Essendon, Herts, March, 1880. B.A. Camb., 1829 ; M.A., 
1834. Eector of Essendon, 1843. * Flora Herfcfordiensis * 
(with Eev. W. H. Coleman), 1849 ; Supplement, 1851. 
Pritz. 340 ; Jacks. 253 ; K. S. C. vi. 287 ; viii. 1204 ; Pryor, 
Fl. Herts, xliv. ; Journ. Bot. 1880, 128. 

WeddeU, Hugh Algernon (1819-77) : b. England, 1819 ; d. 
Poitiers, 22 July, 1877. M.D. In S. America, 1843-8 and 
1851. * Chloris Andina,' 1855. * Hist. Naturelle des Quin- 
quinas,' Journ. de Pharm. xvi. 1849, 161. * BalanophoresB,' 
td.y X. 1858-61, 269. * Monographie des Urticees,' Archiv. 
Paris Mus. ix. 1856, 1. Pritz. 341 ; Jacks. 619; K. S. C. vi. 
296 ; viii. 1209 ; Gard. Chron. 1877, ii. 217 ; Journ. Bot. 
1877, 288 , Trans. Bot. Soc. Ed. xiii. 123 ; * Notice,' Paris, 
1856. Algernonia Baillon. Weddellina Tulasne. 

Wedgwood, John (1766-1844) : b. March, 1766 ; d. Seabridge, 
Staffordsh., 26 Jan., .1844. F.L.S., 1794. Eldest son of 
Josiah. Originator of Koyal Hort. Soc. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 
245 ; Cott. Gard. ix. 357 ; * A Group of Englishmen,' by E. 
Meteyard, 1871. 

WeigheU, William (d. before 1805). Of Sunderland. A.L.S., 
1799. Had a herbarium. Winch, Bot. Guide, i. vi. 

Weir, John (fl. 1864). Collector to Eoy. Hort. Soc. in Brazil, 
1861, and in Colombia, 1864. Journ. Hort. ix. (1865) 481. 

Welwitsch^ Frederick (1806-72) : b. Mariasaal, Carinthia, 
25 Feb., 1806 ; d. London, 20 Oct., 1872 ; bur. Kensal Green. 
Botanical traveller. M.D. Vienna, 1836. A.L.S., 1858; 
F.L.S., 1865. Director of Bot. Garden, Lisbon. In Angola, 
1853-61. In London, 1861-72. ' Sertum angolense,' Trans. 
. Linn. Soc. 1869. Study set of plants at Lisbon ; first set at 
Brit. Mus. K. S. C. vi. 310 ; viii. 1218 ; Gard. Chron. 1872, 
1426 ; Journ. Bot. 1873, 1, with portrait ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 
1872-3, 37. Litho. portr. at Kew. Welwitschia Hook. f. 

Wendy, Thomas (d. 1560). Physician. W. Turner, Libellus ; 
Jacks. XXX. ; Cooper, Athen. Cantab. 

West, Tuffen (1823-91) : b. Leeds, 1823 ; d. Frensham, Surrey, 
19 March, 1891. F.L.S., 1861. Botanical draughtsman. 
Illustrated Smith's ' Synopsis of British DiatomacesB,' &c. 
Journ. Bot. 1891, 224. 

Westcott, Frederick (d. 1862 ?). Of Birmingham. A.L.S., 
1841. Described Gihotium Barometz, Mag. Zool. Bot. v. 
(1840) 130. * Floral Cabinet ' (with G. B. Knowles), 1837-8. 
Contrib. to Phyt. i. 7, 54. Jacks. 472 ; K. S. C. vi. 329. 

Westcott, G. B. (fl. 1838). * Cat. of Plants in Birmingham 
Garden,* 1838. Jacks. 511. 

Westmacott, William (fl. 1694). Physician, of Newcastle- 
under-Lyme, Staffordsh. * OeoXojSoravoXoyia sive historia vege- 
tabihum sacri,' 1694. Pritz. 344 ; Jacks. 19 ; Bay. Mem. 25. 

IVeston, Richard (1732'?-1806) : b. 1732?; d. Leicester, 20 
Oct., 1806. ' Universal Botanist and Nurseryman,* 1770-7. 
' English Flora,' 1775-80. .' Eeview of Principal Authors on 
Horticulture and Bot.,' Gent. Mag. 1806, ii. 997, 1100. 



180 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Pritz. 344 ; Jacks. 619 ; Gent. Mag. 1806, ii. 1080 ; Felton, 

66 ; Bot. Guide, 195. 
Whately^ Thomas (d. 1821) : d. Isleworth, Middlesex, 16 Nov., 

1821. Surgeon, Old Jewry, London. Contrib. to Withering, 

ed. 2. Micbaud. 
Wheeler^ Daniel (fl. 1840). M.B.C.S.L. Of Eeigate, and 

afterwards of Chelmsford. * Cuscuta Trifolii,* Phyt. i. 763. 

R. S. C. vi. 344. 
Wheeler^ James ^. 1763). Nurseryman. Of Gloucester, 

* Botanists' and Gardeners' Dictionary,* 1763. 
Wheeler^ James Love (fl. 1821-70) : d. 1870. Son of Thomas 

Wheeler. F.L.S., 1823. Bot. Demonstrator, Chelsea, 1821- 
34. 'Catalogus pi. medicinalium in hort. Chelsea,' 1830. 
Pritz. 345 ; Jacks. 410 ; Semple. 

Wheeler^ Richard (fl. 1699). Sent plants from Norway " for 
many years " to Petiver, Mus. Pet. p. 47. 

Wheeler^ Thomas (1754-1847): b. London, 1754; d. Aug., 
1847. F.L.S., 1799. Bot. Demonstrator, Chelsea, 1778- 
1820. Pupil of Hudson. Proc. Linn. Soc. i. 380 ; Semple. 
Portr. by Briggs, E.A., at Apothecaries' Hall. 

Wheler, Rev- Sir George, Knt. (1650-1724) : b. Breda, 1650 ; 
d. Durham, 15 July, 1724 ; bur. Durham Cathedral. Hon. 
M.A. Oxon, 1683 ; D.D., 1702. Vicar of Basingstoke, Hants, 
1685. Eector of Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, 1709. Pre- 
bendary of Durham, 1684. * Journey into Greece,' 1682. 
Brought pi. to Plukenet, Morison, and Ray. Knighted, 1682. 
Plants in Herb. Sloane, 91, 96-8. Herbarium, in 4 vols., 
bequeathed to University of Oxford. Pult. i. 357 (MS. notea 
in Brit. Mus. copy) ; * Memoir,' 1820 ? ; Pluk. Aim. 49, 72,. 
190, &c. ; Athen. Ox. iv. 570 ; Fasti, ii. 388 ; Alumn. Oxon. 
Engr. portr. at Linn. Soc. Whelera Sohreb. 

Whitaker^ John (fl. 1830). 'Fucus natans,' Lewes, 1830. 
Jacks. 157- 

White, Adam (1817-79) : b. Edinburgh, 29 April, 1817 ; d. 
Glasgow, 4 Jan., 1879. F.L.S., 1846. Bot. Soc. Lond. 
Assistant in Zool. Dept., Brit. Mus., 1835-63. * Note on 
Peloria,' Mag. Zool. Bot. iv. (1840) 286. E. S. C. vi. 347 ; 
Journ. Bot. 1879, 96 ; Entomol. Monthly Mag. xv. (1879) 
210. 

White^ David (fl. 1808). Surgeon on Bombay Establishment. 

* Malabar Cardamom,' Linn. Trans, x. 229. E. S. C. vi. 349. 
White^ John (fl. 1788-96). Surgeon-General, Botany Bay,. 

1788-95. F.L.S., 1796. Sent plants and specimens to J. 

E. Smith: 'Specimen N. Holland Botany' and 'Exotic 

Botany ' (prefaces). Fl. Tasmania, cxxiv. * Journal of 

Voyage to N. S. Wales,' 1790, with botanical appendix by 

J. E. Smith. 
White^ John (d. before 1845) : d. Dublin, before 1845. Gardener, 

Glasnevin. * Grasses of Ireland,' 1808. Jacks. 247 ; Irish 

Flora, ix. ; Phyt. ii. 345. 
White^ Taylor (fl. 1755). F.E.S. 'Cinnamon, Cassia, or 

Canella,; Phil. Trans. 1. 860. 



BBITISH AND IBI8H BOTANISTS. 181 

White^ W. H. (fl. 1831-42). Memb. Bot. Soc. Lond. ' New 
species of Ejpilohiumj Mag. Zool. Bot. 1838, 208. E. S. 0. 
vi. 350. 

Whitehead, Rev. Edward (1799 ?-1827) : b. Bolton, Lanca- 
shire, 1799?; d. Eastham, Worcester, 4 June, 1827. M.A. 
Oxon, 1812; B.D., 1820. Rector, Eastham, Worcester, 
1805. Discovered Aconitum as British, 1819. Fl. Hereford- 
shire, 12. 

Whitehead, John (fl. 1862). ' Of Dukinfield. Operative. Mus- 
cologist. Cott. Gard. xxviii. 585. 

Whitfield, Thomas (fl. 1845Y. Collector for Lord Derby at Sierra 
Leone and in interior, feot. Mag. 4156. Whitfieldia Hook. 

Whitla, Francis (fl. 1830-53). Of Belfast, later of Dublin. 
Knew Irish plants well. Distinguished Equisetum trachyodon, 
' Fossil Equiseta,' Journ. Geol. Soc. Ireland, 1838, 79. Journ. 
Bot. 1846, 311. E. S. C. vi. 351. Whitlavia Harv. 

Whitlaw, Charles (fl. 1776-1829): b. East Lothian, 1776? 
Quack doctor. In Edinburgh Bot. Garden, 1794-6. To New 
York, 1796; travelled in America, 1803-16; in London, 
1819-24 ; to America, 1825 ; to London, 1826. ' New Medi- 
cal Discoveries,* with transl. of Linnasus's ' Materia Medica,' 
1829 (autobiography, pp. 42-112). 

Whittle^ Peter A- (fl. 1789-1853) : b. Inglewhite, Goosnargh, 
Lancashire, 9 July, 1789. Bookseller and printer. ' Flora 
Prestoniensis,' unpublished, in 1837. Autobiog. in 'Hist. 
Preston,' ii. 336. 

Widdrington^ Samuel Edward {olim Cook) (d. 1856) : d. 11 
Jan., 1856. Captain E.N. Took name of Widdrington, 1840. 
In Spain, 1829-32, and in 1843. * European Pines,' Ann. Nat, 
Hist. ii. 163; iii. 296; viii. 87. * Vegetation of Spain/ Rep. 
Brit. Assoc. 1847, ii. 88. Michaud. Widdringtonia Endl. 

Wigg, Lilly (1749-1828) : b. SmaUburgh, Norfolk, 25 Dec, 
1749 ; d. Gt. Yarmouth, 28 March, 1828. Of Gt. Yarmouth. 
Shoemaker, schoolmaster, and bank-clerk. A.L.S., 1790. 
Instructed Dawson Turner in AlgSB. ** A most ingenious and 
accurate observer," Smith. MS. on Esculent PL in Bot. 
Dept., Mus. Brit., and 'Flora Cibaria ' at Kew, which con- 
tains pencil portrait by Mrs. Dawson Turner, &c. Contrib. 
to E. Bot. (205, 419, 571, 847, 2247), and to Withering, ed. 2. 
Linn. Trans, vi. 126, 136 ; Gent. Mag. 1830, i. ; Trans. Norf . 
Nat. Soc. ii. 269 ; Hind, Fl. Suffolk, 480. Portr. at Linn. 
Soc. and Kew. Ftccus Wigghii Turn. = Naccaria Wigghii, 
Wight, Robert (1796-1872) : b. Mitton, Duncra Hill, E. Lothian, 
6 July, 1796 ; d. Grazeley, nr. Beading, Berks, 26 May, 1872. 
M.D. Edin., 1816. F.L.S., 1832; F.E.S., 1855. In India, 
1819-53. Superintendent, Bot. Gard., Madras. * Prodromus 
Fl. Peninsul. Orient.' (with Arnott), 1834. 'Illustrations of 
Indian Bot.,' 1838-40. Discovered Carex Grahami, 1832. 
Hei^barium at Kew. Pritz. 346 ; Jacks. 620 ; E. S. C. vi. 
364; Gard. Chron. 1872, 731; E. Bot. 2923; Journ. Bot. 
1841, 156 (portr.) ; 1872, 223 ; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. xi. 
363 (portr. and bibliog.). Photo, at Kew. Wightia Wall. 



182 BIOGBAPHICAL INDEX OF 

Wildgose, Robert (fl. 1820-30). Of Daventry. List of pi. in 
Baker's ' Hist, of Northants,' 1822-30. 

Wilford^ Charles (fl. 1857). Kew collector. In Formosa with 
Swinhoe in 1857-8 in H.M.S. * Inflexible.' Fl. Hongkong. 
11*. Plants at Kew. Hemionitis Wilfordi Hook. 

Wilkin, Simon (1790-1862) : b. Cossey, Norfolk, 27 July, 1790 ; 
d. Hampstead, ?8 July, 1862. F.L.S., 1811. Friend of J. E. 
Smith. Had private bot. garden at Cossey. Sent Conferva 
capillaris to E. Bot. (2364). Proc. Linn. Soc. 1862-3, xlvi. 

Wilkins, Miss (fl. 1847). Discovered Simethis at Bournemouth, 
1847. Gard. Chron. 1847, 467. 

Wilkinson, Caroline, L^dy, nSe Ijucas (1822-81) : b. Llandebie, 
Caermarthen, 10 May, 1822; d. Llandovery, 2 Oct., 1881; 
bur. Llandovery. Wife of following. 'Weeds and Wild 
Flowers,' 1858. Made drawings of fungi. Pritz. 347 ; Jacks. 
215 ; Journ. Bot. 1882, 159. 

Wilkinson, Sir John Gardner (1797-1875) : b. Chelsea, Mid- 
dlesex, 1797 ; d. Llandovery, 29 Oct., 1875 ; bur. Llandovery. 
D.C.L. Ox., 1852 ; F.K.S. Knighted, 1839. Egyptologist. 
Collected in Egypt, 1823-30, and made drawings. Plants in 
Hb. Brit. Mus. Journ. Bot. 1880, 224; Athenaeum, 1876, 
ii. 610. 

Wilkinson, George (fl. 1803). Surgeon at Sunderland. ' Bx^ 
periments on Cortex Salicis Latifoliae,* 1803. Jacks. 205. 

Wilkinson, Hannah Elizabeth, nSe Naylob (1810-92) : b. 
Bartley-Car, Yorksh., 6 May, 1810 ; d. Anerley, Surrey, 24 
Jan., 1892 ; bur.. St. Margaret's, Lee, Kent ; m. Edward Smith 
Wilkinson, of White Webbs Park, Enfield, 1849. Herbarium 
presented to London School of Medicine for Women. Oil 
portr. in possession of family. 

WUliams, Charles (fl. 1828-35). Of Salisbury. * The Vegetable 
World,' ed. 2, 1833. Pritz. 348 ; Jacks. 38. 

Williams, Rev- Edward (1762 ?-1833) : b. Eaton, Salop, 1762?; 
d. Chelsfield, Kent, 3 Jan., 1833. M.A. Oxon, 1787. In- 
cumbent of Battlefield and Uffington, Salop, 1786. Rector 
of Chelsfield, 1817. ' Shropshire Lichens,' Ann. Mag. Nat. 
Hist. i. 183 (1868). MS. Flora of Shropshire in possession 
of Lord Berwick. Had a herbarium. .Discovered Elatine 
hexandra in Britain, Aug., 1798. Contrib. to E. Bot. (904, 
955, 2360). R. S. C. viii. 1243 ; Leighton, Fl. Shrops., pref. 

Williams, John (fl. 1830). Of Llanrwst. * Faunula Grusten- 
sis : the natural contents of Llanrwst ; also a cat. in Latin, 
English and Welsh, of the animals and plants,* 1830. 

Williams, Joseph (fl. 1850). M.D. Lecturer on Bot., Dublin. 
Revised 3rd ed. of J. H. Balfour's * Manual,' 1848. * Botanists' 
Vade-Mecum,' 1855 ; ed. 2, 1856. Jacks. 217. 

Williams, J. (fl. 1825). ' Dissert, de succi circuitu,' 1825. Pritz. 
348. 

Williams, Lady (Sabah Elizabeth) nee Amhebst (d. 1876) : 
m. Sir John Hay Williams, Bart., 1842. Daughter of Lord 
and Lady Amherst. Travelled in India, 1823-8. Wall. PL 
Asiat. Rar. i. 1. Amherstia Wall. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 183 

WiUiamson, T. (fl. 1842). Private in 72nd Eegt. Sent Natal 
plants to Harvey. Jonm. Bot. 1842, 27. 

Willisel or WilUsell, Thomas (fl. 1640-86) : b. Northants or 
Lancashire ; d. Jamaica ? before 1686. Collector for Merrett, 
Morison, Sherard, Eay, and the Eoyal Society. Had served 
under Cromwell. Travelled all over United Kingdom. 
Gardener at Jamaica. Plants in Hb. Sloane, 27. Pult. i. 
347 ; Mus. Pet. n. 742 ; Eay Cat. 340 ; Weld, Hist. Eoy. 
Soc. i. 224 ; Aubrey, Nat. Hist. Wilts, chap. ix. ; Cash, 2. 

Willshire, William Hughes (fl. 1839-79). M.D. Edin. Memb. 
Bot. Soc. Lond. Lect. Bot., Charing Cross Hospital. * Prin- 
ciples of Bot./ 1840. Pritz. 348 ; Jacks. 39. 

WiUughby, Francis (1635-72) : b. Middleton, Warwick, 1635 ; 
d. Middleton, 3 July, 1672 ; bur. Middleton Church. B.A. 
Camb., 1656 ; M.A., 1659. F.E.S. Pupil and friend of Eay. 
Zoologist. Papers in Phil. Trans, iv.-v. Eay Mem. 13; 

* Naturalists' Library,' vol. xvi., with portr. engr. Lizars 
from oil painting 8it WoUaton. Bust in Trin. Coll. Camb. 
Willughbeia Schreber. 

Wilmer^ Bradford (fl. 1781). Of Coventry. Surgeon. 'Obser- 
vations on poisonous vegetables,' 1781. Pritz. 348 ; Jacks. 
206. 

Wilmer^ "Dr." John (d. 1769): d. Westminster, Jan., 1769. 
Apothecary and physician, practising in Chelsea. PrsBfectus 
horti and demonstrator, Chelsea, 1748-64. Semple, 71, 74 ; 
Gorham, 7. t 

Wilson^ Mrs. Lucy^ nee Atkins, Sarah (fl. 1822). Of Chipping 
Norton, m. Eev. Daniel Wilson. * Botanical Eambles,' 
1822. Friends' Books, i. 141. 

Wilson^ — (fl. 1740). Tailor, of Norwich. Had a herbarium. 
Linn. Trans, vii. 296. 

Wilson^ Edward S. (fl. 1846). Of Buglawton, Cumberland. 

* CowsUp and Primrose,' Phyt. ii. 1846, 377, 550. E. S. C. 
vi. 385. 

Wilson^ James Hewetson (1827 ?-50) : b. Chorlton, Manches- 
ter, 1827? ; d. Worth, Sussex, 12 Nov., 1850. B A. Oxon, 
1850. F.L.S., 1847. Transl. Jussieu's * Elements of Botany,' 
1849. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 139. 

Wilson, John (d. 1751) : b. Kendal, Westmoreland ; d. same 
place?, 15 July, 1751. Shoemaker and baker. Of Kendal. 
' Synopsis of Brit. PL,' 1744. Pult. ii. 264 ; Pritz. 348 ; Jacks. 
232 ; Cash, 7 ; Nicholson, ' Annals of Kendal,' 343. Wilsonia 
Br. 

Wilson, R. (fl. 1800). Of Medomsley, Durham. Sent drawings 
of Fungi to Winch. Winch, Bot. Guide, ii. i. 

Wilson, William (1799-1871) : b. Warrington, 7 June, 1799 ; d. 
Paddington, nr. Warrington, 3 April, 1871 ; bur. Noncon- 
formist burial-ground. Hill Cliff, Warrington. * Bryologia 
Britannica,' 1855. Described Cotoneaster for E. B. S. 2713, 
and Mosses for * Flora Antarctica,' * Bot. Herald,' &c. E. 
Bot. 2664, 2723. Herbarium and correspondence in Hb. 
Mus. Brit. Pritz. 348 ; Jacks. 621 ; E. S. C. vi. 389 ; viii. 



184 BIOGBAFHICAL INDEX OF 

1249 ; Gard. Chron. 1871, 554 ; Cash, 145 ; Joum. Bot. 1871, 
159 ; Trans. B. S. Ed. xi. 171. Photo at Kew. Wilsonia 
Gill & Hook = Dipyrena, 

Winch, Nathaniel John (1769 ?-1838) : b. 1769 ? ; d. New- 
castle, 5 May, 1838. F.L.S., 1803 ; A.L.S., 1821. * Bot. 
Guide to Northtimb. and Durham,* 1807. ' Geog. distrib. of 
pi. through Northumb.,' 1819; ed. 2, 1825. MSS. and 
herbarium of 12,000 spp. left to Linn. Soc, and given by them 
to Nat. Hist. Soc. of Northumb. and Durham. Contrib. 
Mosses to E. Bot. (1218, 1945). Discovered Pyrola media 
in Britain. Pritz. 348 ; Jacks. 621 ; K. S. C. vi. 392 ; Mag. 
Zool. Bot. i. (1838), 415 ; Mag. Nat. Hist. 1830. Portr. at 
Kew. Winchia A. DC. 

Windsor, John (1787-1868) : b. Settle, 1787 ; d. Manchester, 
1 Sept., 1868. F.L.S., 1814. Surgeon. ' Thlaspi alpestre,' 
Joum. Linn. Soc. x. 196. ' Settle Plants ' in Phyt. 1855-8. 
' Flora Cravoniensis ' (posth.), 1873. Had a herbarium. 
Jacks. 250; E. S. C. vi. 395 ; viii. 1251 ; E. Bot. 2211 ; Pref. 
to Fl. Cravoniensis ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1868-9, cxx. Windsoria 
Mitt. 

Winterbottom, James Edward (1803-54) : b. Beading, 7 
April, 1803; d. Khodes, 4 July, 1854. M.A., 1828; M.B., 
1833 ; F.L.S. , 1830. Collected in Himalayas and Tibet, with 
Strachey, 1848-9. Plants at Kew, &c. Proc. Linn. Soc. ii. 
418 ; Joum. Bot. 1854, 307, 245 ; Fl. Indica, i. 65. 

Witham, Henry T. M. (fl. 1831-3). Of Edinburgh ? ' Ob- 
servations on structure of fossil vegetables,' 1831. Pritz. 350 ; 
Jacks. 621 ; E. S. C. vi. 404. 

Withering, William (1741-99) : b. WelHngton, Salop, 28 March, 
1741 ; d. Birmingham, 6 Oct. 1799 ; bur. Edgbaston. M.D. 
Edin., 1866. F.E.S. ; F.L.S., 1791. Practised at Stafford, 
and afterwards at Birmingham. * Systematic Arrangement 
of Brit. PL,' 1776. Pritz. 350 ; Jacks. 621 ; Cott. Gard. vii. 
43 ; Gard. Mag. iv. 536 ; Phil. Trans, xv. ; Colvile, ' Worthies 
of Warwickshire,' 837 ; ' Miscellaneous Tracts,* with memoir 
by his son. Portr. in Thornton. Copy at Kew. Witheringia 
L'H6rit. 

Withering, William (d. 1832) : d. London, 1832. Of Burning, 
ham. F.L.S., 1801. Son of the preceding. Edited 4th, 5th, 
and 6th ed. of his father's ' Arrangement,' and his * Miscel- 
laneous Tracts.' Pritz. 350 ; Jacks. 234. 

Withers, Robert (d. 1856). Of Bath. * Scirpus Savii,' &c., 
Phyt. iii. 865. Had a British herbarium, especially of Bath 
plants. E. S. C. vi. 404. 

Witt, Christopher (1675-1765) : b. Wiltshire, 1675 ; d. German- 
town, Philadelphia, 1765. Physician. In Pennsylvania from 
1704. Friend of Bartram and Collinson. * Memorials of 
Bartram,' p. 86. 

Wonfor, Thomas W. (1827 ?-78) : d. Brighton, 20 Oct., 1878. 
F.L.S., 1877. Hon. Sec. Brighton and Sussex Nat. Hist. 
Soc, 1853-78. Microscopist. Naturalist, iv. 75 (1878-9) ; 
B, 8. a viii. 1266. 



BBITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 185 

Wood; Rev. Henry Hayton (1825-82) : b. Westward, Cumber- 
land, 28 Sept., 1825 ; d. same place, 3 Nov., 1882. M.A. 
Oxon. 1851. Sector of Holwell, Dorset, 1857. Bryologist. 
One of fomiders of Dorset Field Club. Moss herbarium in 
Brit. Mus. Journ. Bot. 1883, 380. 

Wood, John Bland ri813-90) : b. Pontefract, 3 Dec, 1818; d. 
Withington, Manchester, 11 Feb., 1890. M.D. Muscologist. 
Employed E. Buxton as collector. Letters in Wilson's cor- 
respondence. * Flora Mancuniensis,' 1840. Pritz. 351 ; 
Jacks. 256 ; R. S. C. vi. 433 ; Journ. Bot. 1890, 86. 

Wood, Mary Bristow (fl. 1845-9). Governess. 'Botanical 
Researcher,' 1849. 

Wood, Robert (fl. 1723). Curator, Edinburgh Physic Garden, 
1723. Made large collection of seeds and seed-vessels of 
plants. Rich. Corr. 201. 

Wood, Rev. Robert (1796-1883) : b. Tallentire, Cockermouth, 
18 Dec, 1796 ; d. Westward, Wigton, 15 March, 1883. 
Incumbent of Westward, 1822-83. Father of H. H. Wood. 
* Alchemilla conjuncta/ Journ. Bot. 1872, 308. Had a 
herbarium. Journ. Bot. 1883, 380 ; R. S. C. viii. 1268. 

Wood, Rev. WUUam (1745-1808) : b. Collingtree, Northants., 
29 May, 1745 ; d. Leeds, 1 April, 1808. B.D. F.L.S., 1791. 
Succeeded Priestley at Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds, 1773. Cor- 
respondent of Withering. Contributed botanical articles to 
Rees up to letter C ; to Withering, ed. 2 ; and to E. Bot. (57- 
775). Smith, Letters, i. 488; Memoirs by C. Wellbeloved, 
1809, with portr. ; Taylor, ' Leeds Worthies,' 232 ; Mag. Zool. 
Bot. ii. 271 ; Salisbury, Gen. PI. 6. 

Woodforde, James (d. 1837) : d. Castle Carey, Somerset, 6 
July, 1837. Of Castle Carey. M.D. Edin., 1825. F.L.S., 
1826. ' Cat. of PI. in Edinburgh,' 1824. Pritz. 351 ; Jacks. 
252 ; Mag. Zool. Bot. ii. (1838), 386. 

Woods, Joseph (1776-1864) : b. Stoke Newington, 24 Aug., 1776 ; 
d. Lewes, 9 Jan., 1864. Of Lewes. Architect. F.L.S., 
1801. * Fedia,' Linn. Trans. 1835. ' Bot. Excursion in N. 
of England,' Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 288. ' Tourists* Flora/ 1850. 
Discovered Lotus hispidus in Britain, 1828, and Eriophorum 
gracile in 1825. Contrib. to E. Bot. 1301, 2823, 2886. Her- 
barium in possession of F. Townsend. Pritz. 351; Jacks. 
622 ; ' Bot. Guide,' xiv. ; Proc. Linn. Soo. 1863-4, xxxii. ; 
Journ. Bot. 1864, 62 ; R. S. C. vi. 436. Engr. portr. by Cot- 
man, 1822. at Linn. Soc. Woodsia Br. 

Woods, Rev. Julian Edmund Tenison- (1832-89) : b. Lon- 
don, 15 Nov., 1832 ; d. Sydney, 7 Oct., 1889. F.L.S., 1863. 
Went to Tasmania, 1855. Ordained priest, 1857. To Singa- 
pore, 1883. President Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 1880-81. Bot. 
papers in Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Jacks. 622 ; R. S. C. vi. 
436; viii. 1270; Geol. Mag. 1890, 288; Ann. Bot. iii. 494 
(bibliography) ; Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 2nd ser. iv. 1301, 
with bibliography. 

Woodville, William (1748 ?-1805) : b. Cockermouth, Cumber- 
land, 1748? or 1752; d. London, 26 March, 1806; bur. 



186 BIOGRAPHICAIi INDEX OP 

BunhiU Fields. M.D. Edin., 1775 ; L.K.C.R, 1784. F.L.S., 
1791. Physician to Small-pox Hospital, King's Cross, where 
he had a hot. garden. * Medical Botany/ 1790-4 ; ed. 3, 
1832. Pritz. 351 ; Jacks. 201 ; Munk, ii. 345 ; Michaud ; 
Hoefer. Engr. portr. by Bond, from portr. by Abbot, at 
Small-pox Hospital. Copy at Kew. Woodvillea DC. 

Woodward^ John (1665-1728) ; b. Derbyshire, 1 May, 1665 ; 
d. Gresham College, 25 April, 1728; bur. Westminster 
Abbey. M.D. Cantuar., 1695, and Camb., 1696. F.K.S., 
1693 ; F.R.C.P., 1703. Prof. Physic, Gresham CoUege, 1692. 
* Insignia Botanicus,* Pluk. Mant. 168. * Thoughts and 
experiments on vegetation,' Phil. Trans, xxi. 193. Her- 
barium, 'life and letters of Sedgwick ' (1890), i. pp. 167- 
187, with portr. after oil-painting in Woodwardian Museum. 

Woodward^ Samuel Pickworth (1821-65) : b. Norwich, 17 
Sept., 1821 ; d. Heme Bay, Kent, 11 July, 1865 ; bur. High- 
gate Cemetery. A.L.S., 1842. Prof. Nat. Hist., Cirencester. 
Memb. Bot. Soc. Lond., 1839. Malacologist. * Flora of 
Central Norfolk,' Mag. Zool. Bot. v. (1841), 201. Herbarium 
and drawings at Eoy. Agric. Coll., Cirencester. E. S. C. vi. 
437 ; viii. 1273 ; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1865-6, Ixxxvi. ; Joum. 
Bot. 1865, 264 ; Trans. Norf. Nat. Soc. iii. 279, with portrait. 
Cardmis Woodwardii Wats. 

Woodward^ Thomas Jenkinson (c. 1745-1820) : b. 1745 ? ; 
d. Diss, Norfolk, 28 Jan., 1820. Of Bungay. LL.B. Camb., 
1769; F.L.S., 1789. 'British Fuci' (with Goodenough), 
1793. Contributed to Martyn's Miller, and (largely) to 
Withering, ed. 2; also to E. Bot. 151-920. linn. Trans, 
i.-iii. ; Phil*. Trans. Ixxi. 222 ; Ixxiv. 423. Fl. Suffolk, 481 ; 
K. S. C. vi. 438 ; Bees ; Gent. Mag. 1820, i. 189. Woodwardia 
Sm. 

Woollgar^ Thomas (fl. 1800). Of Lewes. Contrib. locaHties 
to Milne & Gordon's * Indigenous Bot.' (pref. viii.). Borrer's 
*' earhest assistant in botany." Studied willows, and sent 
them to E. Bot. 1436, 1936-7, 2651. Salix Woollgariana 
Borr. 

Wooster, David (1824 ?-88) : d. Bayswater, Sept., 1888. Assisted 
J. C. Loudon in his works. * Alpine Plants,' 1872-4. Jacks. 
622 ; Gard. Chron. 1888, iv. 393. 

Wootton, Edward (1492 ?-1555) : b. Oxford?, 1492?; d. Lon- 
don, 5 Oct., 1555 ; bur. St. Alban, Wood Street, E.C. M.A. 
Oxon, 1516. M.D. Padua, 1526; F.E.C.P., 1528; P.E.C.P., 
1541-3. Physician to Henry VIII. W. Turner, * Libellus ' ; 
Jacks. XXX ; Wood, Ath. Ox. i. 226 ; Munk, i. 27 ; Foster, 
Alumn. Oxon. 

Worsley^ Anna (see Eussell). 

Wright, Charles H. (fl. 1844). Of Keswick. Guide to Lakes. 
His daughter also collected Lake plants ; but the accuracy of 
both was doubtful. Phyt. ii. 376, 428 ; E. Bot. 2893. 

Wright, Francis Bowcher (fl. 1803). Of Paulton, Somerset. 
F.L.S., 1808. Discovered PcBonia at Steep Holmes, 1803. 
E. Bot. 1513, 1667. 



BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTSr 187 

Wright, William (1735-1819) : b. Crieff, Perthsh., March, 1735; 
d. Edinburgh, 19 Sept., 1819 ; bur. Greyfriars, Edin. M.D. 
St. Andrew's. A.L.S., 1807; F.K.C.P.E., 1782; F.E.S.E., 
1788 ; F.E.S. Went to Greenland, 1757 ; Jamaica, 1765-77, 
and 1779-85. Discovered Cinchona Jamaicensis, Phil. Trans. 
Ixvii. 504. Jamaica plants in Herb. Liverpool Bot. Garden. 
Pritz. 351 ; Jacks. ; E. S. G. vi. 446 ; 'Memoirs,' with portr., 
1828 ; Nich. lUustr. iii. 781 ; Turn. Puci, iii. 32 ; NaturaHst, 
iv. 399 (1839). Portr. engr. by Lizars from miniature by 
Caldwell. Wrightea Eoxb. = Wallichia. Wrightia E. Br. 

Wyatt, Mary (Mrs), (fl. 1833). Dealer in shells, Torquay. 
* Algae Damnonienses,' 1833, superintended by Mrs. Griffiths. 
Mag. Nat. Hist. 1834, 95. Wyattia Trevisan = Chhrosiphon 
Kiitz. 

Wyburd, H. (fl. 1810). * Introd. to Linnean Classification,' 
1810. Jacks. 17. 

Wynne, John (fl. 1836-67). Of Hazelwood, Co. Sligo. Under 
Secretary. Discovered Erica mediterranea in Mayo, 1836, 
and Saxifraga nivalis and Arahis petrceay on Ben Bulben, 
1837. * Adiantum Capillus-Veneris in Leitrim,' Nat. Hist. 
Eeview iv. (1855), 69. Cyb. Hibern. pp. xiii. xv. 

Yalden, — (fl. circ. 1750). Studied medicine in Edinburgh. 
Sent list of Edinbtirgh pi. to Lightfoot. Herbarium be- 
queathed to Lightfoot. MS. on Scottish plants in Bot. Dept., 
Brit. Mus. Fl. Scot. xiv. 

Yates^ Rev- James (1789-1871) : b. Toxteth Park, Liverpool, 
April 30, 1789 ; d. Highgate, 7 May, 1871 ; bur. Highgate 
Cemetery. Unitarian minister. M.A. Edin., 1812. F.L.S., 
1822 ; F.E.S., 1839. ' Fossil Cycads,' Proc. Yorksh. Phil. 
Soc' 1849, 37. Had a collection of Cycads. Pritz. 352; 
Proc. Eoy. Soc. xx. i. ; E. S. C. vi. 465 ; Gard. Chron. 1871, 
618. Yatesia Carr. 

Yonge^ Rev. James (1748-97). Of PusHnch, nr. Plymouth. 
Eector of Newton Ferrers. Contributed to plant-lists in 
Polwhele's Hist. Devon. Herbarium now at Puslinch. 
Briggs, ' Fl. Plymouth,' xxix. 

Young^ Edward (fl. 1856). Of Waincyrch, Neath. * Ferns of 
Wales,* 1856, with dried specimens. Pritz. 352 ; Jacks, 247. 

Young^ George (fl. 1753-74). M.D. Surgeon to forces in 
West Indies. First Curator, St. Vincent Bot. Gard., 1765- 
1774. 

Young, James Forbes (1796-1860) : b. April, 1796 ; d. Lam- 
beth, 30 June, 1860; bur. Lambeth. M.D. Edin., 1817. 
F.L.S., 1847. Of Lambeth. Herbarium in Herb. Mus. 
Brit. Proc. Linn. Soc. 1860-1, xlv. ; Fl. Midd. 400. 

Young, Rev. John (fl. 1829-59). M.A. ' Trees and Flowers 
in Scripture,' 1848. Jacks. 20. 

Young, WiUiam Weston (d. 1838 or 1839). A.L.S., 1806. 
Made drawings for Dillwyn*s ' Confervas.' Proc. Linn. Soc. 
i. 36. 

Yule, John (fl. 1808-25). M.D. Memb.. Wem. Soc. ' Germi- 



186 BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS. 

nation of GraminesB/ Mem. Wern. Soc. i. 587. ' Goniferffi/ 
Edin. PhU. Joum. i. 1819, 315. R. S. C. vi. 473. 

Zier, John (d. 1796): b. Poland; d. London, 1796. P.L.S., 
1788. Lived in London. Friend of Bhrhart. Wrote many 
of the descriptions in Dickson's Fasciculi of Gryptogamic 
Plants. MS8. in Herb. Mus. Brit. Rees ; Linn. Trans, v. 
4, 216 ; Bot. Mag. 1395 ; Joum, Bot. 1886, 101. Zieria Sm. 

Zouch, Bdward; 11th Baron (d, 1625). Studied bot. and 
had bot garden at Hackney, under Lobel's care. Loudon, 
Encycl. Gard. 275.