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Full text of "The Abridgment ... Containing the Annual Message of the President of the United States to the ..."

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MESSAGE 



FROM THK 



PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 



TO THK 



TWO HOUSES OF CONGRESS 



AT THK BBOINKINO OF THK 



THffiD SESSION OF THE FIFTY-FIFTH CONGRESS, 



WITH THK 



REPORTS OF THE HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS 



AND 



SELECTIONS FROM ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS. 



Volume IV. 



BDITSD BT 

QLBJL or JODIT OOMMITTB ON FRIHTDia 






* « « 



WASHINGTON: 

OOYBBNKBNT PBIKTIKO OFFIOB. 

1899. 



695100 






• k 



ANNUAL REPORTS 



OK 



THE NAVY DEPARTMENT 



FOR 



THE YEAI^ 1898 



APPENDIX TO THE REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF THE 

BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



HATT DBPABTMSHTy 

BUBBiLU OF KXYIOAnOHy 

Waikimgtan^ D. 0.y December 1^ 1898. 

The foDowing reports and papers, forming an appendix to the report 
of the Borean for the year and relating to the oi>erations of the war 
with Spain, and ooyering as well important oi>erations of the Depart- 
ment before, dnring, and after the war, have been oollectedf arranged, 
and edited by Ensign H. H. Ward, nnder the direction of the Bnrean. 

The natore of these papers, ooming from many different sonroes, 
reporting yarioos operations, and oovering irregular periods of time, 
makes it impossible to arrange them so that th^ will form a oonttnnons 
nairatiye. An attempt has been made, however, to group them, so that 
by consulting the table of contents information in regard to any general 
sabjeot may readily be found. 

The general headings under which the reports are arranged are 
mainly as follows : 

The Toyage of the Oregem. 

The operations in the Philippine Islands, including the occupation of 
the Ladrone Islands, the destruction of the Spanish squadron under 
Bear- Admiral Montojo, the occupation of Oavite, and the fall of Manila. 

The operations of the blockading forces around Ouba and Porto Rico, 
and the engagements incidental thereto, but not including the bom- 
bardment of San Juan. 

The operations leading to the destruction of Bear- Admiral Gervera^s 
squadron and the destruction of that force. 

The operations of the Navy around Cuba and Porto Bico in conneo- 
tion with the Army and in conyoying and landing troops. 

The matter coming under these yarious heads has been preceded in 
each case by such important preliminary orders as were issued by the 
Nayy Department, and has been followed by authentic reports from 
outside sooroes, such as Admiral Montojo^s report of the battle at 
Oayite, and by reports showing the effects of gun fire, and other reports 
of eontributoty interest. 

Although an earnest effort has been made to secure for this appendix 
every report of importance, it is known that many have been omitted. 
The Bureau, therefore, requests that officers will carefiilly examine 
these pages and will report such omissions, furnishing copies of the 
omitted reports, or giving such information as wiU enable the Bureau 
to obtain soeh copies. 

A* S. OBO W IHSUIKLD, 

Okief of Bureau. 



TABLE OF CONTENTa 



Pica 

U. 8b 8. Jf«lfi«^ fint rmte^ blown ap In HftTm* Hftrbor Febniazy 15, 1896: 

(1) List of offloan md men killed or drowned and officers «nd men SAved. 11 

(2) Findings of the United States and Spanish nayal courts of inquiry.. . 17 

pgsrtantionary orders not elsewhere included 21 

TVaasaetionsofNaTal War Board and Secret Serrioe 83 

DistrihBtion of Teasels 37 

Yoyagesof the Or$gam, MoHeUa, and JHetheroy (Buffalo) 47 

Northern patrol sqnadnm and anxUiary nATal force 69 

Operations on the Asiatic Station : 

(1) Nayal hattle of Manila Bay, May 1, 1888 €o 

(S) InTestment and fkll of Manila 97 

Oparatlons in the Paoific Oeean, not indnding the operations nnder tbo com- 
mander in chief of the Asiatic Station : 

(1) Misoellaneoos operations 185 

(S) Seisnreof the Ladrone Islands 151 

Operations in the North Atlantic Ocean: 

(1) Preliminary orders 163 

(2) Blockade of Cuba and of San Juan, Porto Rico, and the operations inci- 

dent thereto. (Does not include the bombardment of San Juan, 

Porto Rico.) 181 

(S) Genera] reports firom certain TesselB, principally those ooToring the 

whole period of the war 829 

(4) The campaign against the Spanish force nnder Rear -Admiral Pascual 

Cenrera^ including the bombardment of San Juan, Porto Rico 859 

(5) Supplementary reports bearing upon the nsTsl battle of July 3 573 

(D Operations in conjunction with the Army: 

(ft) Around Cuba 807 

(b) Around Porto Rico 635 

(e) Convoy, transporting and landing troops 661 

Vttral prisoners of war 701 

Canialtiee in aetion 705 

'CoasmendAtory reports^ not elsewhere included 709 

aadcr mm of the fcmgoiaf iMsdiaci in wraM cmw oontaia matter wbioh proneriy 
■. OoeeoooBtof tlMBAtiire of these reports tbia is unaToidalile. Keflir> 
■i plsfos te plso% tiidiestlng thsoo eeaes wban th^ ere of anoh inpoi^- 

'^ 6 




U. & & MAINE, Iff RATE, BLOWN DP IN UAVANA HARBOR 

FEBRUARY 15, I89& 



O) UST OF 0FFICEB8 AlID MSN KILLED OH DROWNED, 
AND OF OFFICERS AND MSN SAVED. 

(S) FINDIN08 OF UNITED STATES AND SPANISH NAVAL 
00UST8 OF INQUIRY. 



U. S. S. MAINE, ]a RATE, BLOWN UP IN HAVANA HARBOR, 

FEBRUARY 15, 1898. 

(I) UOT OF OFnCEBS AND MEN KILLED OR DROWKED 
AND OF OFFI0EB8 AND MEN tlAVEO. 



(HMtUagi ta anil tjf Im bi a «lnii foiuid tbnwf Vovt Ihte toIom eaa mI te 

faiilMto an or tk» eoi*t«Bti or matter foUowlBff ttea.] 



V. & & KAnrB, Ut &AXI, BLOW! UP DT HAYAVA HABBOB, ¥BB- 

BVABT 16, 189a 



WttllM 



r ) dSad rabMqoflBtiy aT ta^ulaa laealvad wkan tka U. a a JfaiM 
4aatNsrad.] 

OFncBBa 



Jenkiiity Frimid W., lientenant. 
llttrriMy DatwIb B., MsisUuit eogineor. 

SAILOBa 



AdMBt, JohB T^ «0«1 y-.f . 

▲i&km, J AOMt P., boftUwaln's mAla, Ant 



AiHl«rtoii, J«»lui, boatswain's mate^ 



AadcffMOy Holin A., ooal 
AndenoB, Cbarks, Undaman. 
ADdaiaoQ, GoalaT A., •eanian. 
AndenoB, John, artawiaii 
AndafsoB, Axal C, aaamao. 
Andrava, Frank« ordiDarr aaamaa. 
AofindaeB, Abnhain, ooekawain. 
Anflwidy Banihardy blaekamith. 
Aarbaobaah, Harry, firuMui, taeoDd 



Barry, Jobn P., appraaiica, Aral Him 
Barry, Lawia L., eoal pawcr. 
Bans, Haary 8., landaman, 
Backar, Jakob, ebiaf tnachiDiai. 
Ball, Joha R., aabia ataward. 
Bloabars, Prad, landaman. 
Bookbladar, Jahn, appiaatlaa^ taaond 



Boll, »>ils, baymaa. 



Briakauw, Hainrick, 

Brofeldt, Artkar, ebiaf rannar'a mata. 

Braaa, Adolpk C., qoaneraiaalar, tkiid 



Baraa, Edward, aoal , , , . 
Barkkardt, Boliaff% qaartarmaalar, 



Baikr, Ptadarkk F., Maakiniat, taeoDd 

cliaa 
Boyla^ Jaaea, aaarlaroMalar, Aiat aim 
ClarkiLjaaMa C.. ■kipwrifkk 
Caiaa, Tknaiaa, blankiMlta 

Wattar, ___ 

>, ••wvbart iLyCwuMKns fluiva, aaadiid 



flisi 




CaalMdpWII 
CklML&H 



WIIBMiB.Bw, 





Cola^ Tbomaa M., baymaa. 
Coleman, William, ordinary taamaa. 
Coleman, William, fireman, second claaa. 
Conroy, Anthony, eoal paaaer. 
Coegrovs^ William, fireman, second elasa. 
Cnrran, Ckarlea, ooekawain. 
Dablman. Berger, seaman. 
Dennig, Charlea. seaman.* 
Donoughy, William, ordinary seaman. 
Dmry, Jamea, fireman, first olaas. 
Edler, Qeonpe, seaman. 
Ei«riuann, Ckarlea F. W., gnnner'a mate, 
first class. 

* Erikson, Andrew V., seaman, 
Etts, John P.. seaman. 
Eveusan, Karl, seaman. 

Fadde, Charles F. J., apprentloe^ first 

class. 
Falk, Rudolph, oiler. 
Fanbel, Geora^e D., chief machinist. 
Fewer, William J., boatswain's mate, sae- 

ond class. 
Finch, Tmbie, apprentioe^ first class. 

* Fisher, Frank, ordinary seaman. 
Fiaher, Alfred J., oiler. 

Flaherty, Michael, fireman, first class. 

Fleishman, Lawia H., seaman. 

Flynn, Patrick, fireman, second class. 

Fongere, John, coal passer. 

Fonntain, Bartley, boatawain'a mate, first 

class. 
Frank, Ckarlea, apprentice, first class. 
Fnrlong, Jamea ¥,. eoal passer. 
Qafihey, Patrick, fireman, first class. 
Gardner, Frank, eoal paaser. 
Gardner, Thomas J., cnief yeoman. 
Gorman, William U., ordinary searoaa. 
Gordon, Joseph F., fireman, first cli 
Graham, James A., chief yeomsn. 
Graham, Edward P., coal passer. 
Grady, Patriek, eoal passer. 
Greer, William A., apprentice, first eh 
Griffin, Miekaal, fireman, second claw 
Gross, Henry, landsman. 
Gmpp, Beinkardt, eoal passer. 
Hallbarg^ John A., oilar. 



12 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



Hftinbnrger, Willism, landsman. 

HamOtODy Charles A., apprentioe, first 
class. 

Hamilton, John, chief carpenter's mate. 

Hanrahan, William C, cockswain. 

Harris, Edward, water tender. 

Harris, Millard F., qnartermaster, third 
class. 

Harley, Daniel 0*0., fireman,second class. 

Harty. Thomas J., ooal passer. 

Hassell, Charles i\ gunner's mate, third 
class. 

Haaok, Charles, landsman. 

Hawkins, Howard B., ordinary seaman. 

Hennekes, Albert B., gunner's mate, sec- 
ond class. 

Herriman, Benjamin H., apprentice, first 
class. 

* Holser, Frederick C, ordinary seaman. 
Holm, Qostav, boatswain's mate, second 

class. 

* Holland. Alfred J., cockswain. 
Horn, William J., fireman, first class. 
Honffhj William L., landsman. 
Hnenes, Patrick, fireman, first class. 
Ishida, Otoffiro, steerage cook. 
Johansen, Peter C, seaman. 
Johnson, Charles, ordinary seaman. 
Johnson, John W., landsman. 
Johnsson, Peter, oiler. 

Johnson. George, coal passer. 
Jones, Tnomas J., coal passer. 

* Jeotson, Harry ^seaman. 

Jencks, Carlton, gunner's mate, third 

class. 
Jeruee, Fred, coal passer. 
Just, Charles F., apprentice, first class. 
Kane, Michael, coal passer. 
Kav, John A., machinist, first dasa. 
Kelly, Hugh, coal passer. 
Kelly, John, coal passer. 
KeskuU, Alexander, seaman. 
Kevs, Harry J., ordinary sea an. 
Kihlstrom, Fritz, ordinary seaman. 
Kinsey, Frederick E., machinist, second 

dass. 
Kinsella, Thomas F., machinist, second 

class. 
Kitagata, Ynkichi, warrant oflScers* cook. 
Kniese, Frederick H., machinist, first 

class. 
*Koebler, G«orge W., apprentice, first 

class. 
Kranyak, Charles, apprentice, first class. 
Krnse, Hugo, painter. 
Laird, Charles, master-at-arms, third 

class. 
Lambert, William, fireman, second class. 
Lancaster, Luther, boatswain's mate, sec- 
ond class. 
Lapierre, George, apprentice, first class. 
Lawler, Edward, coai passer. 
League, .lames M., chief yeoman. 
Lee, William J., anprentice, first class. 
Leene, Daniel, coal passer. 
Lees, Samuel, ordinary seaman. 
Leupold, Gustav, fireman, second class. 
Lewis, John B., water tender. 
Lewis, Daniel, oiler. 
Lieber, George, apprentice, first class. 
Lorenzen, Jorgen J., oiler. 



Louden, James W., apprentice, second 

elaas. 
LowelL Clarence E., ordinary seaman. 
Lnnd, William, ooekswain. 
Lydon, John T., ordinary seaman. 
Lynch, Matthew, coal passer. 
Lynch, Bernard, fireman, first class. 
Malone. MichaeL fireman, second class. 
Marshall, John £.. landsman. 
Marsden, Benjamin L., apprentice, first 

class. 
Martensson, Johan, gunner's mate, third 

class. 
Mason, James H., landsman. 
Matiasen, Carl, seaman. 
Matsa^ John, coal passer. 
Meilstoup, Elmer M., ordinary seaman. 
Mere, John, landsman. 
Mero, Eldon H., chief machinist. 
Miller, George, seaman. 
Miller, William 8., apprentice, second 

class. 
Mobles, George, cockswain. 
Moore, Edward H.. ooal passer. 
Monfort, William, landsman. 
Moss, Gerhard C, machinist^ first class. 
Moss, John H^ landsman. 
Mudd. Noble T., seaman. 
Mmphy, Cornelius, oiler. 
McGonigle, Hugh, fireman, second class. 
McManus, John J., fireman, second class. 
McNiece, Francis J., coal passer. 
Nielsen, Soph us, cockswain. 
Nielsen, Jonn C. seaman. 
Nolan, Charles M., gunner's mate, third 

class. 
Noble, William, fireman, second class. 
Nagamine, Tomekichi, moss attendant. 
Ohye, Mas, mess attendant. 
Ording, GustavC, carpenter's mate, third 

class. 
O'Connor, James, chief boatswain's mate. 
O'Hagan, Thomas J., apprentice, iii-st 

class. 
O'Neill, Patrick, fireman, second class. 
O'Regan, Henry H., water tender. 
Paige, Frederick, landsman. 
Palmgren, John, seaman. 
Perry, Robert, mess attendant. 
Phillips, Francis C, apprentice, first 

class. 
Pinkney^ James, mess attendant. 
Porter, John, coal passer. 
Powers, John, oiler. 
Price, Daniel, fireman, first class. 
Quigley, Thomas J., plumber and fitter. 
Quinn, Charles P., oiler. 
Reilly, Joseph, fireman, first class. 
Rieger, William A., gunner's mate, first 

class. 
Rising, Newell, coal passer. 
Robinson, WiUiam, landsman. 
Roos, Peter, sailmaker. 
Rushworth, William, chief machinist. 
Safibrd, Clarence E., gunner's mate, first 

class. 
Salmin, Michael E., ordinary seaman. 
Bchroeder, August, ordinary seaman. 
Scott. Charles A., carpenter's mate, 

ona claAs. 
Scully, Joseph, boiler maker. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



13 



Bmtj, Josepliy fireman, first oIms. 
Sellen, Waiter S., apothecary. 
Shea, Patrick J.» fireman^ first class. 
Sbe% Thomas, laDdsman. 
Shea^ John J., coal pas^r. 
Sheridan, Owen, fireman, s -cond elass. 
Shillinf^n, John H., reoman, third class. 
Simmons, Alfred, coal passer 
* Smith, Carl A., seaman. 
Smith, Nicholas J., apprentice^ first class. 
Stevenson, Nicholas, seaman. 
Sninaaki, Isa, wardroom steward. 
Sntton, Frank, fireman, second class. 
Snrnki, Kashitara, mess attendant. 
Talbot, Frank C, Undsman. 
Tehan, Daniel J., coal passer. 
Thompson, George, landsman. 



Wac:ner, Henry, first sergeant. 
Bennei, John, private. 
Betting, Vincent H., private. 
Biosaan, George, private. 
Bvma, James R., private. 
Brown, James T., aergejint. 
Dierking, John H., drummer. 
Downing. Michael J., private. 
Johnaon. Charles E., private. 
Jordan, William J., private. 
Keen, Edward F., private. 
Kelly, Frank, private. 
Lanriette^ George M., private. 
Lesko^ Peter A., private. 



Tigges, Frank B., eoppf^rsmith. 
Tinaman, William H., landsman. 
Todoresco, Constantin, fireman, fizst 

class. 
Trov, Thomas, coal passer. 
Tnoney, Martin, eoal passer. 
Walsh, Joeeph r., cockawsln. 
Wallace, John, ordinary seaman. 
Warren, John, fireman, second claw 
White, Charles O., chief master-at-anna. 
Whiten, George, seaman. 
White, Robert, mess attendant. 
Wickstrom, Johan E., seaman. 
Wilson, Albert, seaman. 
Wilson, Robert, chief qnartermaster. 
Wilbur, George W., apprentice, first class. 
Ziegler, John n., coal passer. 



Monahan, Joseph P., private. 
HcDermott, John, private. 
Newton, C. H., flfer. 
Newman, F. J., private. 
Richter. A* H., corporal. 
Roberts; Jamea II., private. 
Schoeu, Joseph, corporal. 
Stock, H. E., private. 
Strongman. James, private. 
Suman, E. B., private. 
Timpany, E. B., private. 
Van Horn, H. A., private, 
Warren, AJsa V., private. 
Wills, A. O., private. 

IAt$ 9j 9gUmr9, sailors, mmd moHmm 0m doord QftksU.S. S. UaiM isAe ww Msed. 

Capt. Charles D. Sigsbee, commanding. 

Lieat. Commander Richsxd Wainwriffht. 

Lieots. Geoii^ F. W. Holman, John Hood, and Carl W. Jongen. 

Lieiits. t Junior Grade) George P. Blow, John J. Blandin. 

Naval Cadeta Jonas H. Holden, Watt T. Clnverins, Amon Bronson, and David F. 

Boyd, Jr. 
Sorg. Loeien O. Heneberger. 
Paymaster Charles M. R^. 
Chief Engineer Charles P. Howell. 
Passed AMistant Enf^ineer Frederic C. Bowers. 
Assistant Engineer John R. Morris. 

Naval Cadeta (engineer division) Pope Washington and Arthur Crenshaw. 
Chaplain John P. Chidwiok. 
First Lieut, of Marines Albertua W. Catlin. 
Boatswain Francis £. Larkin. 
Onnner Joseph HilL 
Carpenter George Helms. 
Pay Clerk & McCarty. 

8AILOH8. 



ABea, James W., mess attendant. 
Anderson, Oskar, cockswain. 
Awo, Firmanion. steerage cook. 
Bergman, Charles, boatswain's mate, first 



Bloomer, John H., landsman. 

BuIloelL Charles H., gunner's mate, seo> 

ondelasa. 
Cab ill, Franois D., landsman. 
Christiaoeen^ Karl, fireman, first eloss. 
Cronin, Dantel, landsman. 
David, George, ordinary seaman, 
Dolan, John, seaman. 
Dressier, Gnatov J., apprentice,firstclass. 



Duroktn, Thomas J., ordinary seaman. 

FIvnn, Michael, seaman. 

Foley. Patrick J., apprentice, first class. 

Fox, George, landsman. 

Gartroll, William M., fireman, first class. 

Hall berg, AlfMl, cockswain. 

Ham, Ambrose, apprentioe, first class. 

Harris, Westmore, mess attendant. 

HeflTron, John, ordinary seaman. 

Herbert, John, landsman. 

Hemess, Alfred B., gunner's mate^ third 

class. 
Hntohings, Robert, landsman. 
Johnson, Alfred, seaman. 



14 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 



Kftne, JoMjoh H., landsman. 

Koahid% Katsnaaburo, warrant offloen' 

steward, 
Lanahan. Michael, landsman. 
Laraeii, I'eder, seaman. 
Larsen, Martin* seaman. 
Load, John B., master-at-arms, third 

olaaa. 
Lohmi^ Charles A., eoal passer. 
Maok, Tnomas, landsman. 
Mattsen, Edward, ordinary seaman. 
Mattisen, William, ordinary seaman. 
Melville, Thomas, ooal passer. 
Mikkelsen, Peter, seaman. 
Moriniere. Lonis, seaman. 
McCann^arry, seaman. 
MoNair, William, ordinary seaman. 
Panck, John H., fireman, first cltiss, 
Pilcher, Charles F., ordinary seaman. 
Ban, Arthur, seaman. 



Beden, Martin, seaman. 

Bicharda, Walter E., apprentice, second 

olaaa. 
Bowe, James, ship's oook, fourth olaaa. 
Bnsoh, Frank, ordinary seaman. 
Sohwarta, George, ship's oook, first class. 
SheiL Jeremiah, coal passer. 
Teackle^ Hutv. seaman, 
Thompson, Wuiiam H., landsman. 
Toppin, Daniel G., wardroom cook. 
Tnrpin, John H., mess attendant. 
Waters, Thomas J., landsmau. 
Webber, Martin V., landsman. 
White, John E., landsman. 
Williams, James, gunner's mate, third 

class. 
William^ Henry, cabin cook. 
Willis, Alonso, apprentice, second class. 
Wilbur, Benjamin B., oookswain. 



MAIUNX8. 



Anthony, William, prirato. 
CoffoT, John, priTate. 
Galpm, C. P., private. 
Gtormond, C. V ., private, 
Lutz, Joseph, private. 
Loftna, Paul, private. 



McDevitt^ William, private. 
McGuinness, William, private. 
McKay, Edward, private. 
Meehan, Michael, sergeant. 
Thompson, T. G., corporaL 



D. S. S. MAINE, In RATE, BLOWN UP IN HAVANA HARBOR, 

FEBRUARY 15, 1898. 

(S) FINDINGS OF UNITED STATES AND SPANISH 
NAVAL C0UBT8 OF INQUIBT. 



1» 



V. & 8. KAnn, 18T RATE, BLOW! UP DT EAYAHA HABBOB, 

FBBBUABT 15, 1898. 

FIKDINGS OF UNITSP STATES AND SPANISH NAVAL COURTS OF 

INQUIRY. 

A naval ooart of inqniry, convened by Bear- Admiral Mont^mery 

Sicardy in porsoance of orders of the Department, foand that: 

• • • • • • • 

The dflilractioii of the M^n$ oconrred at 9. 40 p. m. on the 15th day of February, 
1896, in the harbor of Hay ana, Caba, bhe being at the time moored to the same baoy 
to which the had been taken upon her arrival. There were two explosions of a 
distinctly different character, with a yery short but distinct interyal between them, 
and the forward Pftrt of the ship was lifted to a marked degree at the time of the 
first explosion. The first explosion was more in the nature of a report like that of a 
ran. while the second explosion was more open, prolonged, and of greater volume. 
This ^econd explosion was, in the opinion of the court, caused by the partial explo- 
sion of two or more of the forward magazines of the Maine. 

• • • • • • • 

At frame 17 the outer shell of the ship, from a point 11^ feet from the middle line 
of the ship, and 6 feet above the keel when in its normal position, has been forceil up 
so as to be now about 4 feet above the surface of the water, therefore about 34 feet 
above where it would be had the ship sunk uninjured. 

The outside bottom plating is bens into a reversed V shape (A), the after wing of 
which, about 15 feet broad and 32 feet in length (from frame 17 to frame 25) j is 
doubled baek upon itself against the continuation of the same plating, extending 
Ibrward. 

At frame 18 the yertical keel is broken in two, and the flat keel bent into an angle 
similar to the angle formed by the outside bottom plating. This break is now about 
6 le«t below the surface of the water, and about 30 feet above its normal position. 

In the opinion of the court this effect could have lichen produced only by the 
explosion of a mine situated under the bottom of the ship at about frame 18 and 
somewhat on the port side of the ship. 

The court finds that the loss of the Maine on the occasion nnraed was not in any 
respect due to fault or negligence on the part of any of the officers or members of 
Uie crew of said yessel. 

In the opinion of the court the Maine was destroyed by the explosion of a sub- 
marine mine, which caused the partial explosion of two or more of the forward 
mafazisea. 

ine eoort has been unable to obtain evidence fixing the responsibility for the 
destmetlon of the Maine upon any person or persons. 

The foil report of the above-mentioned court of inquiry is published 
in Senate Document Ko. 207, Fifty-fifth Ck>ngre88y second session. 



A Spaniiih naval board of inquiry, convened by the maritime anthor- 
ity of the Havana station, found on March 22, 1898: 

First. That on the ni|dit of February 15 last an explosion of the first onler, in the 
fsrward magaxine of toe American ironclad ifaias, caused the dentrurtioii of that 
p^rt of the ship and ita total aabmertion in the same place in this bay at which it 



Fmuth* TiMt the iaporttiil Ihcta eonnected with the explosion in its external 
at eTaffj aoai«nt of ill duration having been described by witncssesi 

17 



18 BUREAU OF NAYIGATION. 

and the absence of all ciroamBtanoea whioh neoeasarily aooompany the explosion of 
a torpedo having been proved by these witnesses and experts, it can only be honestly 
asserted that the catastrophe was due to internal causes. 

Fifth. That the charaoter of the proceedinp^ undertaken and respect for the law 
which establishes the absolute extraterritoriality of a foreign war vessel have pre- 
vented the determinatiouj even by conjecture, of the said internal origin of the dis- 
aster, to which also the impossibility of establishing the necessary oommunication 
either with the crew of the wrecked vessel or the oflScials of their Government oom- 
missioned to investigate the causes of the said event, or with those subsequently 
intrusted with the issue, has contributed. 

Sixth. That the interior and exterior examination of the bottom of the Maine, 
whenever it is possible, unless the bottom of the ship and that of the place in the 
bay where it is sunk are altered by the work which is being carried on for the total 
or partial recovery of the vessel, will prove the correctness of all that is said in this 
report; but this must not be understood to mean that the aocuraoy of these present 
conclusions requires such proof. 

The full report of the above-mentioiied board is published in Senate 
Eteport No. 835, Fifty-fifth Congress, second session. 



PRECAUTIONARY ORDERS NOT ELSEWHERE 

INCLUDED. 



u 



PSECAUnOHABT 0ROEE8 HOT SLSBWHESE DrCLUDED. 

The following orders are only part of the more important precau- 
tionary orders issued by the Department. 

No attempt has been made to indicate the vast amonnt of work done 
by the bnreans and offices of the Department in potting ships and 
yards in the highest state of efficiency and in purchasing and manu- 
facturing war material. Arrangements for purchases abroad began in 
February, but the correspondence in relation thereto is so voluminous 
that it is not published. 



Washington, January 11^ 1898. 
Selfribob, ViI1efranche8ur-Mer : 

Retain men on this enlistment. Detailed instructions by mail. 

LoNa. 



Washington, January I6j 1898. 
Helena, Funehal^ Madeira : 

Secret and confidential. In view of recent events, it is considered 
advisable to delay departure from Funchal.* Can you obtain good 
berth behind breakwater for a considerable timet 

Long. 



Washington, January 17j 1898. 

Chester, Cincinnati j Montevideo, Uruguay: 

Secret and confidential. Affairs are very disturbed at Cuba. It is 
considered advisable to change the disposition of ships. Announce 
unofficially your intention to proceed with the Cincinnati and Castine 
(on) cruise to northward for exercise and drill, and to visit the most 
northern part of the South Atlantic Station. As soon after as possi- 
ble, without thereby causing comment, proceed to Para, Brazil, at dis- 
cretion, and there await further orders. 

Long. 



Washington, January 17, 1898. 
HELENA, Funekal, Madeira : 

Proceed to Lisbon, Portugal, at discretion and there await further 
orders. 

Long. 

* Helena was en ronte to Aaiatio Station. 



22 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

WASHINGTON, January 17 j 1898. 
Wilmington, Basseterre j Guadeloupe: 

Delay execution of orders of December 9* for the present. Ornise 
in Windward Islands^ not tonching at Spanish ports. Will keep in tele- 
graphic communication. Aboat February 14 proceed to La Guayra 
and there await further orders. Do not detach Ensigns Bretherton and 
Dayton. 

Long. 



Washington, January 26^ 1898. 
Selfbidge, Villefranohe: 

Orders were sent by steamer of January 19 naval force on Euro- 
pean Station, proceed to Lisbon after February 2. Orders have been 
issued to Commander of Helena. Will remain until further orders at 
Lisbon. 

Long. 



Washington, January 27, 1898. 
Dewey, Olympia, Yokohama, Japan : 

Retain until further orders the crew of the squadron whose terms of 
enlistment have expired. 

Gbowninshield. 



Washington, Febrvary 17, 1898. 
Cincinnati, Para, Brazil: 

The Cincinnati and Castine proceed to such port as you think best to 
the north of Para, Brazil. Keep in telegraphic communication with 
Washington. 

Long. 



Washington, February 24, 1898. 
BUNOB, J^avy-Yard, yew YorJc: 

Keep closest watch on submarine boat. Inform captain of Vizcaya 
about her. If in your judgment circumstances warrant it, seize ber. 
Learn, if possible, from Nixon or otherwise where she has gone and 
what interest controls her. 

Long. 



Washington, February 25, 1898. 
Howell, Lisbon: 

Secret and confidential. Keep the squadron at such port as it may 
be in (Lisbon) until further orders. Keep filled with coal. 

Roosevelt. 

*The orders of December 9 directed the Wilmington to proceed to the South 
Atlantic Station. 



BUREAU OF KAVTGATtON, 28 

WashikotoW, Ppinwtry ^ JAW. 

Secret and oonfidentiaL Order the squadron^ exoe>.|>t Mnn^o^^,, to 
HoBgkong. Ke^ fiill of ooiU, In tbei event of doolMmtion of w^r 
Spain, your daly wOl be to see that the SfMuiish squadron doea not leave 
the Asiatic coasts and then offensive operations in Philippine Islands. 
Keep O^fwifia * until ftirther orders. 

ROOSSVKLT. 



Washingtoii, JMriMry J^^ 1S9S. 
WiLiOKOTOH, La Oumira: 

Proceed to Barbados and report for dnty to the Oommander in Chief 
United States Naval Force on Soath Atlantic Station. 

LoKa. 



Washington, JMmary ^, iS98^ 
Ohbstkr, BarbadoM: 

Keep full of coal, the best that can be had. When Cantine has been 
docked, order her to Barbados. WUmivigtoH has been ordered to 
Barbados. 

Long. 



Washington^ February ^, 1898. 

MnxER, Honolulu: 

Keep fnli of coal, the best that can be had. 

Long. 



Washington, February 26^ 1898. 
Howell, Liehon: 

Keep fall of coal, the best that can be had. 

Long. 



Washington, February 26^ 1898. 

Dewey, Hongkong: 

Keep full of coal, the best that can be had. 

Long. 



Washington, February 26^ 1898. 
SiCABD, Key Weei: 

Keep fall of coal, the best that can be had. 

Long. 

* Olgmpia bad bad orden to proo«ed to United States. 



24 BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Washington, March 5, 1898. 

Navt-Tabd, League Island: 

Enlist seamen, firemen, and petty officers for general service for 
crews of Columbia and Minneapolis. Direct commanding officers of 
those vessels to get them in readiness for service at sea. 

Obowninshibld. 

[Note.— Enlistments under this and following order exceeded quota 
established by law.] 

Washington, March 5, 1898. 
NAW-Yabds, Brooklyn^ Boston: 

Enlist seamen, firemen, and petty officers for general service for 
crews of Columbia and Minneapolis. 

Cbowninshield. 



Washington, March 5, 1898. 
Navt-Yabd, Mare Island, Cal. : 

Order Mohican navy-yard. Mare Island, to receive on board ammuni- 
tion now there for the naval force on Asiatic Station; then to proceed at 
once to Honolulu and transfer to the Baltimore. As soon as Mohican 
arrives Baltimore will leave for Uongkong. Orders by mail. When 
will Mohican be ready t 

Long. 



ITavy Dbpabtment, Washington, March 4, 1898. 

SiB: The Department has this date directed, by telegraph, that the 
ammunition now at the navy-yard, Mare Island, intended for the 
Asiatic Station and for the U. S. F. S. Baltimore, shall be shipped to 
that vessel by the Mohican. You will please prepare the Mohican to 
receive this ammunition, and have her proceed to Honolulu at the 
earliest practicable date. 

Very respectfully, John D. Long, Secretary. 

Commandant Navy-Yabd, 

Mare Island, Cal. 



Washington, March 7, 1898. 
Bbooklyn, La Ouayra: 

The situation is getting worse. Proceed without delay to Hampton 
Boads. 

Long. 

[Note.— The above order was in contemplation of the formation of 
the Flying Squadron.] 



Washington, March 9j 1898. 
SiO ABD, Key West : 

Not to expend ammunition, target practice or as a test, until farther 
orders. 

Long. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 25 

Washinqton, March 12j 1898. 
HowBLL, Lisbon: 

Direct Bancroft to proceed at once to Norfolk. Direct Helena to pro- 
ceed at once to Key West. 

LONO. 



Washington, March 14^ 1893. 
IIOWELL, Lisbon^ Portugal: 

Proceed at once to NewcasUo-oponthe-Tyne. Upon arrival comma- 
nicate immediately with the United States uaval attach^ at London. 
Hoist United States flag apon Amazonas and Abreu. Appoint to the 
coounand of former Lieut. Commander A. P. Nazro and suflScient offi- 
cers and crew of the San Francisco. Proceed to New York. San Fran- 
oifco to convoy. Utilize your stafif watch duty. 

Long. 



Washington, March 15, 1898. 
Chkstrr, BarbaHoes: 

Order the squadron to proceed to Port Antonio. The Annapolis 
left yesterday from Curacao [for a] cruise to the northward,* to arrive 
not later than March 31 at Key West. I could not communicate by 
telegraph, and be does not know the altered sitnation. Try to inter- 
cept and direct to proceed to Hampton lioads, Va. 

Long. 



Washington, March 17y 1898. 
SiOABD, KtBtf Wesiy Flo. : 

Send Texas and Massachusetts to Hampton lioads, Va., without 
delay. 

Long. 

[KoTR. — ^The above order was issued to carry on the formation of the 
Flying Squadron.] 



Washington, April 4j 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Flo. : 

Be ready on receipt of order to take possession of Key West cable 
and telegraph office, and to place an officer in charge. He will not 
permit the transmission to Cuba of any telegram relating to the action 
of the President or Congress. Will be further instructed. The busi- 
ness of the company not to be interfered with any more it is necessary. 
The officer assigned upon this duty must be one discreet and judicious. 

Long. 

*The AmfmpolU bid left on a pnotlee cruise with appre&tioM on bosid and wm 
to ramain «t tea for MTenteen dayt. 



26 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

Washington, April 7, 1S98. 
DBWEYy Hongkong: 

Land all woodwork, stores, etc., it is not considered necessary to have 
for operations. 

Long. 



Washington, April 19^ 1898. 

Navy Pat Opfiob, Ban Francisco^ Oah: 

Send the following cipher message to Admiral Miller by first steamer: 
Proceed with yonr personal staff to San Francisco immediately by 
steamer. Order Mohican to San Francisco. Keep Bennington at Mono- 
lain. Bring squadron records. 

Long. 



Washington, April 21, 1898. 

ITavt-Tabd, Boitony New Torky Iforfolky Mare Island: 

The naval force on the North Atlantic Station are blockading Cuba. 
War has not been declared. War may be declared at any moment. 

Long. 



Washington, April 23, 1898. 

BoHLB Y, Fort Monroe : 

Send Minneapolis immediately to Eastport, Me., skirting coast above 
Gape Ann ; Columbia to Newport, B. 1. Both will receive, upon arrival, 
farther orders. 

Long. 



Fort Monroe, April 24, 1898. 
Secretary op the Navy, 

Washington: 

Minupapolis and Columbia left at 11 p. m. Saturday night, having 
proceeded in obedience to orders. 

SOHLEY. 



Washington, April 30, 1898. 

CO^IMANDER in OHIEF FLYING SQUADRUN, 

Fort Monroe, Va. 

Sir: I have to transmit herewith for your information a copy of a 
communication, dated Madrid, Spain, the 16th instant, received in this 

Department from . 

Very respectfully, A. S. Growninshield, 

Chief of Bureau. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 27 

Washinckton, April 30j 1898. 

Goiof ANDES IN Chief IT. B. Naval Foegb, 

North Atlantie Station. 

SiB: I have to transmit herewith, for yoar information, a copy of a 
oommanication, dated Madrid, Spain, the 16th instant, received in this 

Department from • 

Very respectiuUyi A. &• Obowninshibld, 

Chief of Bureau. 

April 16, 1808. 

Sir : Yesterday the Spanish Government began to take extraordinary 
precautions to prevent tbe getting out of news relating to the movements 
of ships or anything pertaining to war preparations. It is quite prob- 
able, therefore, that definite information in regard to these subjects will 
be difficult, if not impossible, to get. My latest information, which I have 
telegraphed to date, is to the effect that the torpedo squadron, consisting 
of three destroyers, three torpedo boats, and the converted cruiser Ciudad 
de CadiZy with the Colon and Maria Tereeay are at the Gape de Verdes 
awaiting instructions. It is said that the Colon and Teresa left Cadiz 
in such a hurry that they were not properly provisioned. Provisions 
and ooal have been sent to them. I have no reason to believe that they 
have not a full Bupply of ammunition. The Oquendo and Vizcaya from 
Porto Rico should arrive at Caiie de Verdes to-dav. Although I have 
no definite information, I believe the Pelayo arrived at Oadiz yesterday, 
coaling from Cartagena. It was intended that she shoald go, after a 
few days' necessary delay in Cartagena, and it is reported that she was 
sighted in the Straits of Gibraltar day before yestenlay. The Proeer- 
pinoj OeadOj Destructor, BarcelOy RetamosOj Hahana, Halcon, torpedo 
boats and destroyers, and the Vitoria are now practically ready in 
Cadiz,awaitiiig tbeanivalof the Carlos F and the Pe/a^o. Th^Alfonso 
XIII is also about ready in Cartagena. The installation for moving 
the guns by electricity in the Carlos V is not completed, and I am 
unable to get at any estimate of the date when she will be entirely 
ready for service. It is said on good authority, however, that in an 
emergency she could be used at once, working such parts as have not 
power applied by hand. Work is being pushed, also, as rapidly as 
possible on the Ctsnerosj but she can hardly be ready for many weeks. 
The trans-Atlantic steamers Mexico. Panamay Santo DoniingOj San 
Augustiny and Villaverdej now in Cuban waters, are being armed as 
auxiliary cruisers. Nine trans- Atlantic steamers in Spanish ports at 
present are also being armed as cruisers. To this number should be 
added the Columbia and Normannia, recently purchased in Germany, 
and the OiraldOj now being converted in Barcelona. This makes 
twenty-one auxiliary cruisers concerning which I have quite definite 
information. The two steamers bought in Germany were strengthened 
there and are in condition to receive their artiUery and crew when they 
arrive at Cadiz, which is expected to-day. I call your si)ecial attention 
to the newspaper slip which I inclose, entitled, ^*Fe en la arma4la.'' 
It was published in the Ueraldo of April 6, the leading and most influ- 
ential pai>er of Madrid. The Imparcial of the following morning called 
attention to it and spoke in very severe terms of the impropriety of a 
former secretary of the navy speaking so unreservedly of such important 
matters at this very critical time. The following is a translation: 

We bad an oppoitnnity to-day to talk for a long time "with Qe&eral Beranger. the 
lait eeoretary of the navy under the Conservative cabinet. To the qnestiona whiob 



28 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

we directed to him concerning the conflict pendinj^ with the United States he was 
kind enough to infoim us that he confided absolutely in the triuuiph of our uaval 
forces. The attack on oar island ports is not to be feared, he said, bj an enemy 
taking advantage of the darkness of night. The reason of this is that Havana, as 
well as Cienfuegos, Nnevitas, and Santiago, are defended by electrical and antomo- 
bile torpedoes, which can work at a great distance (have a large radins of action). 
Sefior Canovas del Castillo, who did not neglect these thinn, arranged for, in agree 
ment with me, the shipping to Cuba of 190 torpedoes, whicn, are Burely located in these 
parte at present. The transportation and installation of these war machines was in 
the charge of the distinguished torpedoist, Seilor Chacon. I have already said that 
we shilU conqner on the sea, and I am now going to give yon my reasons. The first 
of ^ese is the remarkable discipline that prevails on onr war ships, and the second, 
as soon as fire is opened the crews of the American ships will conunence to deserr, 
since we all know that among them are people of all nationalities. Ship against 
ship, therefore, a failnre is not to be feared. I believe that the sqnadron detained 
at Cape deVerdcs, and particularly the destroyers ^ should have and could have 
continued the voyage to Cuba, since they have nothing to fear from the American 
fleet. In this olass of ships we are on a much higher level than the United States. 

The company <^ Bander & Espanola" have been ordered to ^'snspend 
the voyages of its ships to Havana." Without definite information, I 
presame the Government intend s to take these ships into service. Also 
the '^Campania Transatlantica" has ordered its ships not to tonch at 
Corunna hereafter, presumably for the same reason aa given above. 

It is said quite openly here tliat the intention of the Government is 
to make some kind of an effort on our coasts. This comes to me from so 
many sources that 1 am inclined to believe they have this plan in view ; 
but I have been unable to verify the reports or to get at any of the 
details. 

Just at this moment, here in Madrid, everything is very quiet. Con- 
siderable turbulence is rei}orted from the provinces. How great this 
may be we are unable to judge, as the Government is keeping a sharp 
watch on the telegrams and does not permit any very exciting news to 
be disseminated. There was some excitement, and for two days con- 
siderable danger of a mob, here in Madrid, after the announcement of 
the proclamation of the armistice in Cuba. That crisis is now appar- 
ently passed. Everybody here expects war, and the lower classes 
ardently desire it. The Government and the more intelligent classes 
dread it; are willing to do anything they can to avoid it without revo- 
lution, but will accept it if, from their point of view, it is forced upon 
them. The press has fed the people with all sorts of nonsense about 
the superior bravery of the Spanish sailor, the superior discipline 
on board the Spanish ships and the greater fighting power of the 
Navy. The belief in this superiority of the Spanish Navy over that 
of the United States accounts, in a large measure, in my opinion, for 
the determination to fight us. This opinion is shared also by many 
intelligent persons, in fact, I believe, by all Spaniards. They say 
they have nothing to lose, they could not be worse off with the war 
than without it, as they are about to lose Cuba anyhow; but they 
can do incalculable damage to our commerce; seriously injure, if not 
destroy, our Navy, and, although they would probably be beaten in 
the end, they will have taught us a salutary lesson in the meantime. 
One of the most intelligent, best-informed Spaniards I have met here, 
a man who has traveled much, and claims to have a great admiration 
for the United States, and who knows much about our history and 
resources, a senator from the Kingdom, told me yesterday that the 
thing that he dreaded most was the long period that the hostilities 
would last. He was sure that three years would be the very least that 
the struggle would continue. It may be of interest to you to know 
that he said he could very well understand and appreciate the feelings 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 29 

and ambitioiiB of a yoang and powerful nation like tho United States 
for conquest. He conld not help having a great deal of syuipatliy with 
an avowed proposition on onr part to take tbe islands of Cnbift and 
Porto Bico, the Canaries, the Belearics, the Philippines, and even to 
oome to Madrid itself; bat what he could not nnderstand was, that 
while protesting a desire for peace, a decided disinclination to the 
annexation of any territory, the people of the United States had done 
everything in their power to foment the rebellion in Cuba, and to make 
it impossmle for Spain to overcome it, either by peacable or forcible 
means. 

I give you this as a matter of interest solelv, but it represents the 
attitude of the intelligent^ educated, and traveled Spaniard. 



TRANSACTIONS OF NAVAL WAR BOARD AND 

SECRET SERVICE. 



n 



TSAnAcnon ov vaval wax boabd avd secset sebticx. 

The Kaval War Board, which throaghoat the war acted as an advisory 
board to the Secretary, was the oatgrowth of an informal advisory 
board which had existed for some time. At one time this board was 
merged into a joint Army and Navy board, having one Army ofBcer as 
a member. Later this oflScer withdrew. 

144010. 

Navy DspABTifSNTy 
Offiob of Naval Wab Boabd, 

Washingtony D. 0.j August 24, 1898. 

Sib : On the 2d day of May, 1898, lient. A. H. Oobb, IT. S. N., retired, 
reported for duty as secretary of the board, at which time the members 
of the board were as follows: 

Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Boosevelt. 

Bear- Admiral Montgomery Sicard, XT. S. N. 

Capt A. S. Barker, XT. S. N. 

Oapt. A. S. Orowninshield, Ohief Bureau of Navigation. 

On the 9th day of May, 1898, Oapt A. T. Mahan, XT. S. N., retired, 
reported as a member. 

On the 7th day of May^ 1898, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theo- 
dore Boosevelt severed his connection with the board. 

On the 20th day of May, 1898^ Oapt A. S. Barker, XT. 8. N., severed 
his connection with the board. 

Very respectfully, M. Sioabd, 

Bear-Admiralj President of Board. 

The Sxgbbtaby ov thb Natt. 

It was the duty of the board to advise the Secretary in regard to the 
Department's strategic policy, and to this end it prepared for his con- 
sideration and signature orders affecting this policy. 

During the war tiie board, and previous to the formation of the 
board, the Department itself, was kept informed of the movements, 
reeouroes, condition, and plans of the Spanish naval forces by various 
secret agents. It is now known that the Department was promptiy 
informed of all important movements. At times, however, information 
was conflicting and decisions had often to be made as to what was most 
probably true. 

On April ao. Ensigns W. H. Buck and H. H. Ward, on duty at the 
Bureau of Navigation, left the country, having volunteered for secret- 
service duty planned by the Bureau. Both of these officers were in 
disguise and traveled under assumed names and characters. Ensign 
Buck remained in Europe^here he followed and reported the move- 
ments of the force under Kear- Admiral Oamara; and Ensign Ward, 
after visiting Oadiz and reporting the strength of the Spanish naval 
fbroes there, went to the West bidies, where he was employed until 
July 18, obtaining and reporting information in regard to the Spanish 
fbrces. He visited San Juan, Porio Bico, in June, and was there seized 
and detained by the Spanish naval and port authorities. He suo- 
eeeded, howeyer, in setting the information which he sought, and in 
leaving San Juan and cablmg his information to the Departinent 
8808 S 83 



34 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

The oollected transactioiis of the board indade 360 typewritten 
pages of copies of commnnications sent and received. Part of these 
appear in this volume merely as commnnications passing between the 
Department and naval commanders. 

Throaghout the period of hostilities the board was in session daily. 
The Bureau of Navigation remained open day and night during the 
period of hostilities, in order that immediate action might be taken 
upon all communications and information received. The officer on 
duty in the Bureau of Navigation after the board had adjourned, 
ftimished copies or memoranda of all such information to the presi- 
dent, secretary, chief of bureau, and members of the board. 



DISTRIBUTION OF VESSELS. 



DI8IBIBIITI0V OF 7E88EL& 
137241. 



(T— fth 9t MTTtot 9t ▼•■■■!■ md eomnaiidAn of tm h Ii and ■qnadrons partloipatiiif in SptBlak- 



The following table will show the dates apon which the vessels 
named joined the North Atlantic fleet, and the length of their service. 
It is not possible to state what vessels were under the direct command 
of the several squadron commanders, as the disposition of the vessels 
depended upon their location. Vessels within signiJ distance of Key 
West were under the command of the commandant of the naval base 
at that place; those on the western coast of Cuba were under the orders 
of the commanding officer of the blockading division or of the com- 
mander of the First North Atlantic Squadron ; others on the east coast 
of Cuba, by reason of their presence there, received their orders from 
Commodore Schley or Admiral Sampson. 

Northern Patrol Squadron. — On April 20, 1898, Commodore John 
A. HoweO assumed command of the Northern Patrol Squadron. This 
squadron, consisting at first of the Ban Franeisoo (flagship), Prairie, 
Dixie, YafU^e, and YosemitOj was organized for the protection of the 
coast and coastwise trade between the capes of the Delaware and Bar 
Harbor. Me. 

On May 29 the Yankee was detached from the squadron, and the 
servioeB of the Yoeemite and Dixie being required in Southern waters 
the former was detached on May 30, and the latter on June 13. During 
May tiie squadron was strengthened by the addition of the Oolumbiaj 
Badger J and Soutkery. On June 9 the Minneapolis was ordered to duty 
in the squadron and was stationed at Newport News, Ya., to guard the 
new battle ships being constructed there. 

The Department considering it advisable to increase the efficiency of 
the blockade of Cuba, CommMore Howell, on June 25, was ordered to 
assemble the vessels of his command, with the exception of the Minne- 
opolM, at Key West. Upon his arrival there, July 1, with the San 
FrancieeOj ColumhiOj Prairie^ Badger , and Southeryj he was assigned by 
Bear- Admiral Sampson to the command of the first division of the 
North Atlantic Fleet 

Filling Squadron. — ^The Flying Squadron was under the command of 
Commodore W. S. Schley, U. S. N., who, from the beginning of the war 
to May 24, 1898, acted independently, and from May 24 until June 21, 
1898, when the Flying Squadron ceased to exist, under the directions of 
Admiral Sampson. 

Eaetem Squadron (Commodore J. C. Watson, commanding).— During 
June and July the Department issued orders for the formation of the 
Eastern Squadron, to which the following vessels were assigned: 

Oregon^ on July 7, 1898; Newarhj on July 7, 1898 (detached August 3) ; 
Yankee, on July 7, 1898; Yoaemite, on July 7, 1898; Dixie, on Julv 7, 
1898; Maeeadiueette, on July 9, 1898; Badger^ on July 12, 1898; iTew 
Orleanif on July 17, 189& 

17 



88 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



The colliers Abarenda^ Alexander j OasHuSy OcBsaVj Soindiay and Juitin 
and the supply ship OUioier were attached to this squadron on August 
3y with orders to hold themselves in readiness at Hampton BoacLs to 
join the squadron. 

At the time of formation of the Eastern Squadron, the Department 
especially directed that the vessels assigned to it were to remain under 
the orders of the commander in chief of the North Atlantic Station 
until the departure of the Eastern Squadron for Europe, but as this 
squadron was never sent abroad the vessels composing it always 
remained under the orders of Admiral Sampson. 

NORTH ATLANTIC FLEET. 

Bear-Admiral W. T. Sampson, commander in chiefs from beginning 
of war to close of hostilities. 

Blockading Squadron. — Commodore J. 0. Watson, commanding, from 
May 6, 1896, to June 21, 1898. 

Firet KorthAtlantio Squadron. — Commodore J. C. Watson, command- 
ing, from June 21, 1898, to June 27, 1898; Commodore J. A. Howell, 
commanding (rear-admiral, August 10, 1898), ftom July 1, 1898, to close 
of hostilities. 

Second Korih Atlantic Squadron. — Commodore W. S. Schley, com- 
manding (rear-admiral, August 10, 1898), from June 21, 1898, to close 
of hostilities. 

Eaetem Squadron.^OommiiioT^ J. C. Watson, commanding, from 
July 7, 1898, to September 20, 1898. 

Flying Squadron. — Commodore W. S. Schley, commanding, frt>m 
beginning of war to May 24, 1898, independently; from May 24 to June 
21, 1898, under orders of Admiral Sampson. 

Naval Baeej Key Weet^ Fla. — Commodore Gtoorge C. Bemey, command- 
ing, from May 7, 1898, to August 24, 1898. 

Length of Mrvioe of ve$$eU on North AUamtie StaHon, 




AbarvndA.. 
Al«ZMid«r. 
Amphitrlta 
AniiApolii. 
Apaolw.... 
▲xmflcbi... 
Aooomao .. 

Bftdfer .... 
Btnoroft*-. 
BrooklyB.. 
fTgiar ..••• 

Calniiktt... 
OMtbM.... 
Odtlo 



Ooiii]iian4er. 

Lleot. Comiiuuider W. H. Bnford, oomniftiidiiig . 

CommAnder W. T. Bvrwell, ocnmumdJng 

Oapt.C.J.BareUy,oom]niindlng 

Commuider J. J. Honker, oonmuuiding 

IiiMitG.O.muiiis,o<nnniaiidlng 

ComiiMuidflr L.O. Logan, oommuidlng 

Bnaign W. S. Oroaley^oommandlng, to Hay 8, 
1888; BoatawainJTw.Angiiaaaaumad com- 
mand May 8, 1888. 

Commander A. S. Snow, eommandlng 

Commander Blohaidaon dorw, commanding. . 

Capt 7. A. Oook, commanding 

Lloat Commander A. B. Sp^en, commanding. 

Firat Lient W. H. Coahlng, B. 0. 8., command- 
ing. 
Commander B. H. Beny, commanding 

lymmmnAmm H. B. Manaflcld, commanding 

OaptClLOhetter, commanding 



From Jnne 7, 1896, to cloae of 

hostiUtiea. 
From Jane 19, 1888, to doae of 

bostilltiee. 
From beginning of war to olooe 

of boatiUtiea. 
From April 85, 1898, to olooe of 



t 4, 1898, to olooe of 



hoatiUi 
From Ani 

hoattUI 
From Jane 4, 1896, to cloae of 

hootUitiea. 
Ftom beginning of war to cloae 

of boaSlitiea. 

FMm July 1, 1886, to oloae of 

boatOitiei. 
From Mny 9, 1898, to cloae of boe- 

tUiUea. 
From May 24, 1898, to cloae of 

boatilitiea. 
From Jane 7, 1896, to doae of 

boatilitiea. 
FMm Joly 81, 1898, to doae of 

boatilitiea. 
From beginning of war to doae 

of hoaSiltiea. 
Fkmn Jane U, 1898, to doae of 

boatilitiea. 
From beginning of war to doae 

of boattlitiea. 



BUBSAU OF NAVIGATION. 



39 



Lmiglk%S 



of MtMlf #» Kvrik AiUmUn ^lalioii--Gonii]iiied. 




IMpblB 



OaFMt. 



ffIA Hftwk. 



Lto«lAIb«t<»MTM. 



J.H.])ljtOB, 



iaff 



H. W. I^«a, MBUBHldlBf 



Lteal 



W. J. Banstt^ooBunaod- 



H. T. HoottoB rnmrtad for 
AncnalMJM. 
LiwkaaWood, 



d on 



Li««l W. H. H. SontlMrlaBd, <wi— —^.n^Vy 
Uaat. H. B. Uiher, oommAndlng 



LiMit. Oonmuidw W. S. CowIm, eoniBand- 
lag. util Anrll 17, IBM; Lleat. Oommuider 
Harbert wmalow imorted for oommaiid 
April S7. 

Ltodl OoBmaBdw F. H. DaUno, eonuDABdlng. . 

Uattl Wi^ L. Bodfata, amnmandtng 



J. P. Xarrall, aaaMnawdtag . 

Liaat. Commandar Biobard Waiawright, 

maadlBg. 
lieatb 0. 8. WOliama, ornnmaitdlng 

O^l W.D.Boalli, B. O. &, anmmandlng 

Oomnaadar H. Q. O. Colby, oonimindhig 

Uaoft. J. Hood, ooamandlng 



Owrnnandar W. T. Swtabiinia, oomottading. 
lilaai. LaalaD Tonag, oommaading 



DntUaiil* V. H. H( 
0^'h. O. Tajlor, 
OvlB.DLXT«ia, 



[b, IL O. B., eoDunaod- 



Ooonuadar O. B Ida, aoinmandiBg,iiatO Jnly 
10,mt ; OwrnnandarW. L. Tleld reported for 
eoBaMBdJnlylO, ISW. 

OimniaBder Tbemaa Pairy, ownaiawdtag , 



O. T. TtoMk eonuaaadlng 



J. W. A Bgna^eoimnandtng, to May 

% 1898 : BaalfB W. & Croaley aaaomed oobb- 

Biaad May 8,1888. 
OoBOMUBder J. F. MewyjOOiniBamlhig, to Jane 

S7, 1888; Oommandar w. W. Maaa reported 

for eonnnaad Jaae 87, 1888. 
dipt y. M. Maagar, B. PL a, fwmaiawdtag 



Iilaa^ OoBMBaad er w. EL Bieiett, eonmand* 
tag, to JaaaT, 1888: lAanl Oonaiaader D. D. 
y . Stoart mwnt ad for <wmaiaBd on Jane 7, 
1888. 

- ig. 



B. H. MoCaO^ nommandtng. 
(Pnaaoted to eaptain Angaat 18.) 
Ooaaiandet F. M. Qymonda, eomnaadiag.... 



Oipt. F. J.HlggiBaoB,< 



Tnm. July 1, 1888, to olooa of 

hoatUitiea. 
From beginniag of war to elooe 

of boaUUtiea. 
Do. 
From Jane 18, 1888, to oloae of 

boatiUtiea. (Nortbem Patrol 

Sqaadron May 8 to Joae 18, 

1W8.) 
From beginning of wartooloac 

of boaliUtiea. 
From July 1, 1888, to elooa of 

boatOitiea. 



From beginning of war to 
of boe!illtlea; 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



From July S, 1888, to oloae of 

hoetmtiaa. 
From beginning of war to elooe 

of boatiUtiea. 
From Jaly 81, 1888, to daoe of 

boetllltlea. 
From July 88 (Bmtem Sq oadroa) 

to doee of boatiUtiea. 
From Jane 8, 1888, to oloae of 

boatnitlea. 
From July 8, 1886, to oloae of 

boatiUtiea. 
From Mi^ 1, 1886, to oloae of boa- 

tiUtlea7 
From July 1, 1888, to oloae of 

boetOitiea. 
From beginniag of war to oloae 

of boatiUtiea. 
Do. 
From Jane 84, 1886, to oloae of 

boefOltiee. 
From April 81, 1886, to daae of 

boatiUtiea. 
From Mmij 1 tooloaeof boetiUtiea. 

From begiaalng of war to elooe 
ofboe^tiea. 
Do. 

From Jane 8, 1888, to doee of 
boatUltiea. 

From May 81, 1888, to eloae of 

boatiUtiea. 
From May 86, 1888, to oloae of 

boatiUtiea. 
From Jaae 11, 1886, to eloae of 

boatiUtiea. 
From beginning of war to oloae 

of boatiUtiea. 

Do. 



From May 7. 1886, to eloae of boa- 
tiUtiea. 

From begiaalag of war to olooa 
of boatiUtiea. 



I^am May 18, 1886, to oloae of 

boatiUtioa. 
Fktmi begiaalag of war to eloae 

of boatiUtiea. 
From Jane 4, 1888, to oloae of 

boetilitiee. 

to eloae 



rom begiaalag of 
ofboi^tioe. 



From Mmj 84, 1888, to olooa of 

boatiUtiea. 



40 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



Length of ieniee of veB$el$ on North AtlanUo StatUm—Continji^Am 



Vune. 



ICoKee. 
ICoLftne 



ICerrimAO 

Miantonomoh. 



MinoMpolii . 
Montgomery. 



Horrin... 
lCu(rrli.««< 
NMhTllla. 
Vlagan.. 



Kewftrk 



Kew Orl««iit 
Newport 



Now York. 
Oneida 



Oregon 



OeoeolA.... 
Panther ... 

Peoria 

Pleoataqna 
Pompey . . . 
Porter..... 
Prairie.... 
Princeton . 
Potomac... 
Puritan 



Beeolnte 

Rodeers 

SanFranoleoo 



Satnxn. 



Boindia.. 
SoorpioD. 



Sloox. 
Siren. 



Solace... 
Sonthery 
Sterling. 
Stranger. 
Supply .. 
Sttwanee. 
SylrU... 



Gonunander. 



Lient. 0. M. Knepper, commanding 



First Lient. W. E. Reynolds, B. C. 8., com- 
manding. 

Commander J. M. Miller, commanding 

Capt M. L. Johnson, commanding 



Cap! T. F. Jewell, commanding 

Commiander G. A. Oonverse, oonmianding . 



Capt.H.D.Smith,S.aS 

Lieut. C. K Fox, commanding 

Commander Washburn Maynard, commanding. 

Commander G. A. Bioknell, commanding to 
May 80, 1898 ; Lieut Commander B. S. Prime 
reported for command May 80, 1898. 

Capi A. S. Barker, commanmng to Aug. 8, 1898 : 
Oapt. C. F. GNiodrich reported for command 
AngjJ, 1898. 

Capt. wm.Folger, commanding 



Commander B F. Tllley, commanding. 



Capt. F. B. Chad wick, commanding 
Lieut. W. G. Miller, commanding. . . 



Capt C. B. Clark, commanding to Aug. 8, 1888 : 
Oapt A. S. Barker reported for command 
Aug. 8, 1898. 

Lieut J. L.Puro^ commanding.. 



Commander G. 0. Baiter, commanding 

Lieut T. W. Byan, commanding 

Lieut Commander N. E. Niles, commanding. , 

Commander J. M. Miller, commanding , 

Lieut J. C. Fremont, commanding 

Commander C. J. Train, commanding 

Commander C. H. West, commanding 

Lieut G. P. Blow, commanding , 



Capt P. F. Harrington, commanding to June 
18,1898; Capt iTcd Bodgers reported for 
command June 18, 1898. 

Commander J. G. Baton, commanding , 

Lieut J. LuJayne, commanding , 

Capt B P. Leary, commanding 



Commander S. W. Very, commanding to June 
4,1898; Commander G. A. Bioknell reported 
for command June 4, 1898. 

Commander B W. Watson, commanding 



Length of senrice. 



Lieut Commander AdolphMarix, commanding. 

Ensign W. B Gherardi, commanding 

Lieut J. M. Bobinson, commanding 



Commander A. Dunlap, commanding 

Commander Walton Goodwin, commanding . . . 

Commander B B.Impey, commanding 

Lieut G.L. Dyer, commaading 

Lieut Oommander B. B IngersoU, commanding 
Lieut Commander D. Delehanty, commanding. 
Lieut G.H. Peters, commanding....— 



From July 36, 1898, to dose of 
hostilities. 

From beginning of war to dose 
ofhostilitiee. 

From May 5, 1898, to June 4, 1898. 

From May 6, 1898, to dose of hos- 
tilities. 

May 24, 1898, to June 8, 1898. 

From beginning of war to close 
of hostilities. 

From Apr. 36, 1898, to dose cf 
hostiU&es. 

From July 12, 1888, to dose of 
hostiUtiee. 

From beginning of war to close 
of hostilities. 

From May 8, 1898, to dose of hos- 
tilities. 

From June 26, 1896, to dose of 
hostilities. 

From May 31, 1888, to dose of 
hostilities. 

From beginning of war to dooe 
of hostilities. 
Do. 

June 2, 1898, to doee of hostili- 
ties. 

From May 26, 1898, to doee of 
hostiliUes. 

From Apr. 27, 1898, to dose of 
hostiUties. 

Jhrnn. Apr. 80, 1898, to dose of 
hostilifies. 

From June 31, 1898, to doee of 
hostilities. 

From July 21, 1898, to doss of 
hostilities. 

From Juns7, 1898, to dose of hos- 
tilities. 

From beginning of war to doee 
of hostilities. 

From July 1, 1898, to dose of hos- 
tiUtiee. 

From July 27, 1898, to dose of 
hostilities. 

From July 18, 1898, to dose of 
hostiliUes. 

From beginning of war to dose 
of hostilities. 

Do. 
Do. 
From July 1, 1898, to close of hos- 

tiUties. 
From May 8, 1898, to dose of hos- 
tilities. 

From June 10, 1898, to dose of 

hostUitiee. 
From May 24, 1898, to doee of 

hostilities. 
From May 1 to May 11. 1898. 
From July 26, 1898, to doss of 

hostilities. 
From May 11, 1898, to dose of 

hostUities. 
From July 1, 1896, to dose of 

hostilities. 
From May 24, 1898, to dose of 

hostiUties. 
From July 21, 1898, to dose of 

hostiUties. 
From May 26, 1898, to olose of 

hostiUtiee. 
From May 16, 1698, to close of 

hostiUties. 
From Aug. 3, 1896, to dose of 

hostUitiss. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 



41 



iMfA^ 



Ml K^Hk AHMMe StmHom Continnad, 



B.^ 


^/O^HJBBSvMb* 


Lnfthof MTTloaw 


Ttnmn^ 


UHi. O. H. SrftDa. Mnmandlnff 


Fran Apr. », im to eloM of 
FnHn bofflnninc of wnr to dooo 


^^^^ 


OtoHnoollLndlMr.mnnaadlBff 


T«x«i 


Capl.J.W.PblIlp,MBBaadliic. (Gomnodof* 

from Aw. 10). 
TJmil W. K. RhMnakw. itiMmniHiiff , 


of hoofiutloor 
Fram Hoy 24, 1808. to dooo of 


Ttfb0l... 


hootilitloo. ^ 
Fram Joly 10, 1888i to olooo of 

hootiUtioo. 
FMb Joly % 1808, to olooo of 

kootiUtleo. 
Fran Apr. », 1808, to dooo of 

hootUitioo. 
From boclnalnff of wnr to oloio 

of hooButleo. 
Do. 




Oonnaadar W. & OowIm, nwnmaiwUng 

Tjant. y. Ht BnhMrd fMMinioidiiiv 


^ 


T— 111 


LiMt. Oonnaadflr John S. Pfflslmiy. €0B- 

■uadlBf. 
OMDnaader A. B. H. Lillto. cammtadtwg. 

TitiMit A BhiTiT If.. iMHinaiiillur ■■■••■■■ 


Tkksbvc 


▼IMiic T... 


Fran Joly H, 1808, to oloio of 

bootiimoo. 
Fran Mot llw 1808. to olooo of 


T IBBM^ •■•■■••■■■•• 


¥«lma 


Ltont Oo—ader I. HMrto, wmiinMwHBf 

UfNiii A. Wn4« QonnHUMlliw ■»■>••■••••. 


iMOtmtiOO. 

From Jnly L 1808, to olooo of 


Wan 


bootilMeo. 
From lUy 1, 1808, to olooo of 

iMOtlUtiM. 

From U»j 8, 1808, to elooo of 

bootilitloo. 
From beghuniag of wsr to dooo 

of hootilltlM. 
Do. 


WW ^»|P. ••■■■>•«■■•■■ 


Oftpt. S.B.MaciilnLB.0.8... ••...••••••. 


WItaiiBftaa 


OonBHidar CdTodA oomvuMidiDV ■■■..■■■.. 


Uftotb J. Bl Bumftilini nmniiimillm 


''~''^~* 


Ltont. OL W. JnimiBm ftomniMiidliiff ■■ 


From Apr. 18, 1808, to dooo of 

hootili&o. 
Fran Hoy 8, 1888. to olooo of 

bootOitioo, 
Fram Jv^m S, 18QB^ to olooO of 


0^lH.B.Bogen,B.C.S.,MBaiaiidiikf 

Usal Onunandsr J. D. Adaau, ooBBandlnf . . 
CwiijimWi' W. H. Blmoiy,<winin«mHnf 

fTurl T. A.Cook. flflBBiiMltiiff .••••■■•■■•■ 


TMkM 


Yaaktn 


hootUltioo. ' (In Ho. Pntral 
SqnodroB ftom ICoj 8 to Moj 
IB, 1808.) 
From Jono 85, 1808, to doio of 


▼itr-^kt 


hootiUtieo. ' 
From Jnno 4. 1888. to olooo of 


Bi— kljn 


bootmtloo. (In Ho. Patrol 
Sqnadron from ICay 8 to Mmj 

From becfaalnf of war tolCay 

From boKinainc of war to Hay 

4,18*7 
Detaobod from Maadron April 

18,18118. 
I^om boglnnlnff of war to ICaj 

84. 1888. 
From April to Anrll 88. 1888. 
From bogtnnlng tt war to Hm 

84,in8: 

Fran May 8 to Mot 84. 1888. 
From Mi^ 1 to Mi^ 84. 1888. 
Do. 




Ctot, J. H. ReaAi. maiiMBdlnff 


>. 


Gmi. O. T. T. Wndiw MnmandtBr 




Cant. F. iF. HlrchiMfi. flanmandtiir , 


Iftrrlmfto 






GmoL T. F. JffwulLmBiiiaBdlBff 7. 


""— TTrlTiM 


Capt> W. M. Folnr. oommaiidhiff 


&M^P*«b^ 


Lieat. Oommaaaer Adolph Maxix, oonnaDdliig 
Coiniiuuii1«r 1L B. ImpeT. eominMidliiff 


mwifay , , , 


UTnBMB^ *••«•>•■■■• 


Cairt J. W. PhflJp^ mamaadlaff .". 


From bodnainc of war to ICay 


M-ira 


Ommadiir H W. Vwr iM—mandfair. ......... 


^180? ^^ 
Fm April U to Aprfl 18, 1888. 

I^om AprU 80, 1888, to olooo ^ 


81 Itfito. .......... 


Oan^ O. T. floodrtalL wmiidfay 


fflPn] , , 


Cftvt. OL !>. SlnbM. miBiiMBdhiff 


bootfUtioo. 
From Hay Ol 1806. to oloio of boo* 




Oapt. 0. 8b Cotton, ooBmaiidtikf 


JF^-Jiy o, i««v 1^^ ™™ ^ n™- 
Ftom April 80^ 1888, to olooo of 


TU^ ...,.., X 


Otolk ▼. OL W1a& ooBBandtair 


bootilitloo. 
From Mi^ 1. 1808, to olooo of boo- 
tUittoaT 







42 



BUREAU OF NAYIGATION. 



PAOmO 8TATI0K. 
[Rear- Adminl J. N. Hxllbi, U. S. K^ CkannuaidBr In Chief.] 



Name. 



Albatroaa... 
Beiimlngton.< 

Oonriii 

Grant 

Perry 

Bash 

Mobioan 

Monadnock. 

Monterey... 

PhlladelphU 
Wheeling... 



Oommander. 



Lieut Gommaader J. F. Iffoeer to Jnly 14, 18d8; 
Lieot. Commander C. K. Cortia firoia July 14 
to Aug. 1. 1898; Lieat Commander J. T, 
Moeer again aaaomed oommand Aug. 1, 1808. 

Commander H. E. Kiohola, oommandlng, to 
Jnly 14, 18M ; Lieat. Commander J. F. Moeer, 
oommanding. July 14 to Aug. 1, 1808; Com- 
mander B. I). Tauaaig aasnmed oommand 
Aog. 1, 1888. 

Capt. w. J. Herring, S. C. S., oommanding .... 

Capt. J. A. Slamm, K. C. 8., oommanding 

Capt W. J. Kilgore, B. C. 8 

Capt W. H. Roberts, B. C. 8 

Commander G. M. Book, commanding 

Capt W.H. Whi^g, commanding 

Lieut Commander J. W. Carlin. commanding, 
to May 24, 1808 ; Commander B. H. C. Leutat 
aaeumed command May 34, 1808. 

Capt G.H.Wadleigh, oommanding 

Commander Uriel 8ebree, oommanding 



Length of serrice. 



Prom bei 



rom beginning of war to doee 
of hosUUtiea. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Prom beginning ot war to June 

26,1888. 
From beginning of war to June 

7,1888. 

From Jnly 8, 1888, to close of hoe- 

tilitles. 
From beginning of war to dose 

of hoettUUes. 



128786. 
101026. 



A8LA.TIC 8TATI0N. 
[Bear-Admiral G^obob Diwvr, Commander in Chief.) 



Name. 


Oommander. 


Length of senrice. 


Baltimore. ........ . 


Cant N. M. Drer. commanding... ...... ........ 


From beginning of war to close 
of hostilities. 
Do. 


Boeton 




Brutus ............ 




From Aug. 4, 1886, to dose of hos- 
tilities. 

From July 4, 1888, to close of hos- 
tilitiee. 

From beginning of war to dose 
of hosUliUeo. 

From Auff. 16. 1888. to dose of 


Oharleston .••..... 


Cant Henrr Glass, commanding .............. 






Monadnock 


C^vt W. H. Whltl?*ff. oommandinff - t---.-.tttt- 


Monoeaoy 


Commander 0. W, Parenholt oommiuiding .... 

Commander K H. C. Leutae, commanding 

Lieut W. B. Hodsea. eommandinff 


hostilities. 
From beginning of war to dose 

of hosmities. 
From Aug. 4, 1888, to dose of hos- 

tiUtiesT 
From beginning of war to doae 

of hostilities. 
From Auff. 16, 1888. to dose of 


Monterey... 




JTero..... .......... 


Commander Ch«rles Belknap, oommanding — 

Capt C. y. Gridley, commanding, to May 2S, 
1888; CaptB. P. Lamberton assumed com- 
mand May 25. 1888. 

Commander B. r. Wood, oommandinff ■ ■ 


Olymnla. •....•.... 


hostilities. 
From beginning of war to doae 
of hostilities. 

Do. 


Petnl 


B*1fiigh 




Do. 


MoCifllooh 


Oant D. B. Hodcson. R. C. 8.. commanding. . . . . 


Do. 


Zaflro ■■■..... 




Do. 









[Sqmadron G^eneral Order Ko. U.] 



NOBTH ATTANTIC STATION^ 

U. 8. Flagship New York, Ist Ratb, 
(^Santiago de Cubaf Cfuba, July 11, 1898. 

1. Bj direotlon of the NATy Department, the Teesels of this oommand, inclading 
those of the Flying Squadron, are organized in two squadrons, as follows: 

2. Flagship of oommander in chief: U. 8. 8. New York, 

Attached to flag of oommander in chief for despatch and special duty : Ghmoetier, 
VixmjVetuviuB, and all torpedo boats. 

8. JnrMi Squadrom (Commodore J. A. Howell, Commanding}.— iSan JP^rtmeUoo (flaff)| 
PuHianf Terror, Mitmtonom^k, AmphUrite, Manigamery, MaehUu, Ca$Hme, NoikvUU, 



BUBSAU OF KAyiGATION. 43 

Jfmtpmrif Awma^^Ut, FidMwndL IhlphH^ Banerofl, Maf/tawer, lAfdm^ ItemnMl^ UmcM, 
HmmOUmf JCmtUI, Hminm ^ Woodbirw,Wimdcm, MeLane, Bawk, Wcip,Arm€ria, 

4. 8§09m4 S^mudrom (Commodore w. 8. Schler, Commanding). — Brookljfn (flag), 
l09m, InMamm, Tnuu^ 2f0w OrUmm; Marblekmi, Detroit, HeUmOj WilminqUm, Searpiat^ 
^wmmm, Wampmimekj OioMte, Tmmkt^m, Hcm^L Eagle, Siet, Mtrngrove, Manmimg. 

6. Tba SL Pmml, 7m, Hmrvmrd, a&d St, Louie mo not at present ateigned to either 



6. The Mme e, B eee tmi e, enpply reesels and ooUiere, are not aaeigned to either squad- 
ron, hat will he detailed as eironmstances require. 

7. New T ss s els will he assinied as they arriye, and the exiffeneies of the senrioe 
will require frequent ehanges between the squadrons, which will be made from time 
V> time. 

8. Experienee on the Cuban blockade haying demonstrated the di£Soulties and 
delays incident to communication between ships, it is directed that papers shall be 
sent by conmianding officers directly to the commander in chief, when, to send them 
through thedirision commander, would impede public business, but in such exigen- 
cies the diTision commander shall be informed then, or subsequently, if the matter 
is importantw that this has'been done. 

9. The following Tcssels have been assigned by the Department to the Eastern 
Squadron, intended for special senrioe^ under the command of Commodore J. C. 
Waison: Omfoa (flag), Maeeaokueette, Ifemmtk, Diaeie, Yemkoe, Yoeemite, 

A, tapply Tsssel and scTeral colliers. 

William T. Sampsow. 
Bomr-AdakUral, Commmdmr im CUqf, U. 8. Naval Foroe, 

North Attamtio Stalhm. 



VOYAGES OF THE OREGON, MAKIETTA, AOT) 

NICTHEEOY (BUFFALO). 



VOTAOB or THB OSBOOV, KABIETTA, AHD VICTHSBOT (BUFFALO). 

WASHiNOTOHy March 7y 1898. 



Obxoon, BrewterUmj Wa»k.: 

The sitaation is ffetting w 
•oon as possible and get ammunition. 



The sitaation is getting worse. Yon should go to San Francisco as 

id i 



LoNa. 



[Oregon atiiyed at San Frandsco March 9, 189&] 



Washinoton, March 12j 1898. 

SiB: When in all respects ready for sea proceed, with the vessel 
onder yonr command, to Gallao. Pern, and await farther orders. 

In view of the present critical condition of affiEurs, the Oregon should 
leave San Francisco at the earliest possible date and arrive at Oallao 
as soon as practicable. 

The crew is to be constantly drilled^ the passage of the ship not to 
be delayed thereby. 

Very respectfnllyi John D. Lono, SeoreUirjf. 

OomiAXDvxQ Officer, 

U. 8. 8. Oregon. 

(Throngh Commandant, Mare Island, GaL) 



Washinoton, March JL9, 1^99. 
Navy- Yaud, Mare Teland^ OdL : 

Prepare Oregon for sea with all possible dispatch. Long ernise. Fill 
with coaL Wlien will she be ready to sail! 

LOHO. 



[On March 17 Gapt. 0. B. Glark assumed command of Ortgon, reliev- 
ing Gapt. B. J. McOormiek, condemned by medical survey. 

On March 19 the Oregon left San Francisco for Oallao. arriving at the 
latter port April 4, 18d8, having made.an average speed of 10.7 knots.] 



Washinoton, March 22j 1898. 
Masibtta, PanamOf Colombia: 

Proceed to Gallao, Peru, and make arrangements to coal Oregon upon 
' ' Left March 19 fit>m San Francisco for Gallao. 

Long. 



47 



48 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

WASmNGHTONy MoTOk 29 j 1898. 

Mabibtta, OallaOj Peru : 

Contract for best coal to be delivered on board Oregon immediately 
ai>OD arrival. Oregon to coal utmost dispatch. You proceed at once to 
Valparaiso. It is possible you may take i>ossession of Obilean armored 
omiser. 

Long. 



TJ. S. B. Marietta, 3d Bate, 

Oallaoy Peruj March 31^ 1898. 

Bib : I respectfully acknowledge the receipt this day of the Depart- 
ment's cipher dispatch dated the 29th instant. 

In compliance therewith I have made necessary contract for coal for 
the Oregon^ and have 750 tons in lighters for her now, which will be 
placed alongside the moment she arrives. 
Tlds vessel leaves to-night for Valparaiso, Ohile. 
Bespectfully, 

F. M. Symonbs, 
OommandeTj U. S. N'.j Oommandingj and Senior Officer Present. 

The Seobetaby of the I^avy, 

Navy Departmenij Washingionj D. 0. 



Oallao, Pebt7| April Sj 1898. 
Beobetabt of the Navy, 

Washington: 

Will complete work neoessary boilers and engines. WiU be ready to 
sail Thursday night (7th). I can make Montevideo, perhaps Bio Janeiro, 
not stopping at Valparaiso, and if ooal may be obtained at Sandy Point, 
Patagonia, I oould make Bahia. 

Glab^ 



Oallao, April 6y 1898. 

Bbobbtaby of Navy, 

Washingtonj D. C: 

On account of navigation of Magellan Strait, and reported movemento 
Spanish torpedo vessel near Montevideo, I should recommend Marietta 
to accompany this vessel If required, I could touch Talcahuana, Ohile, 
for orders six days after my saihng. 

Olabk. 



Washington, April 6j 1898. 
Obegon, Oallao j Peru: 

Proceed at once to Montevideo or Bio Janeiro. The Spanish tor- 
I>edo boat Temerario is in Montevideo. Marietta has been ordered to 
proceed to Sandy Point, Patagonia, to arrange for coal. How many 
tons of coal will you require t The Marietta and Oregon to proceed 
together. Keep secret your destination. Keep secret this message. 

LoNa. 
[Oregon sailed firom Oallao April 7 for Sandy Point] 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 49 

Washington, April 7, 1898. 
Mabibtta, Valparaiso: 

Oregon leaves to-day from Gallao for Sandy Point, Patagonia. Go 
ahead and secore 600 tons of coal for her and accompany to the north. 
The United States oonsniates in Cuba have closed* United States 
oonsnl-general is coming home. 

Long. 



[Conrtaslea extended by mathoritiee at Valpenlso.] 

U. S. S. Marietta, 3d Rate, 
At Sea, LaHiude 34o SC &, Lonffitude 68^ 35* W., April 27, 1898. 

SiS: I have the honor and pleasure to report that while this vessel 
was at anchor off Valparaiso, Ohile, from April 7 to 9, inclusive, the 
Chilean civil and nav^ authorities were especially solicitous for her 
safety, and took every precaution to prevent her receiving injury from 
outside sources. 

2. Previous to our arrival, information had reached the Chilean 
authorities that certain Spanish residents of Valparaiso had threat- 
ened to destroy the Marietta during her stay at that port, and I was 
infonned by the intendente of the port that he had received instruc- 
tions firom the President of Chile to see that the vessel was not injured. 

3. Although we had a patrol boat about the vessel and made necessary 
preparations on board for a night attack, still it was unnecessary, as by 
orders of the civil authorities shore boats were not permitted under any 
pretext to approach the vessel within 300 meters during the night, and 
I learned that a Government detective force on shore closely watched 
suspected localities and persons until our departure. 

4. Our arrival there was at an inopportune time for coaling or obtain- 
ing supplies, it being the latter part of the holy week of Lent, includ- 
ing Holy Thursday and Good Friday, days receiving Chilean national 
recognition; still, all restrictions as to labor and issuing of permits for 
the delivery of stores afloat were removed in our case. 

5. I called officially with the United States minister on the intendente 
and the captain of the port the day of our departure and thanked them 
in person for the courtesies extended. 

Respectfully, F. M. Svmonds, 

Commandery V, 8. N.y Commanding. 

The SXO&ETABY OF THE NAVY, 

Nary Department, Washington, D. 0. 



115930. 

(Xeport of mn from CaUao.] 

U. S. S. Oregon, 1 st Bate, 
Bio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 30, 1898. 

SiB: 1. I have the honor to report that this ship left Callao, Peru, 
on the evening of April 7 (one boiler under repairs), having taken in 
duriag our stay of eighty hours 1,100 tons of coal (100 being in bags 
on deck). Had comparatively good weather until we reached the straits, 
though a heavy swell, increa^^ by fresh southerly winds, made the 
ship pitch heavily, the jack staff sometimes disappearing under the 
solid seas that swept all but the superstructure deck. The vibrations 

58d8 i 



50 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

and the racing of the propellers were very marked at times, but the 
coDdition of affairs and the Department's instractions warranted a high 
rate of speed. 

2. Entered the straits at about 3.30 p. m. on the 16th, and that 
evening anchored outside Port Tamar. One of the severest gales 
of the season broke before an anchorage could be reached, and as the 
wind and rain became so dense that the abrupt shores could not be 
seen, while no soundings could be obtained, the Oregon was for a time 
awkwardly placed. Just before dark the anchors were let go on a 
rocky shelf, fringed by islets and reefs, in 38 and 52 fathoms of water 
and they fortunately held through some of the most violent gusta I 
have ever experienced. 

3. Got underway the next momingi April 17, and anchored the same 
evening off Sandy Point. The total run from Gallao was made at the 
rate of llf knots per hour. 

4. We found the hulk from which the coal (contracted for by Oom- 
mander F. M. Symonds, who arrived with the Marietta a few hours 
latter) was to be ^rnished loaded with wool, and during the next three 
days our men were constantly transferring it to enable them to get at 
the coal. The courtesy and good will of the Chilean officials in allowing 
me to take Government coal for the Marietta, and so save forther delays, 
have been made the subject of another letter. 

5. We left Sandy Point before daylight on the 21st and the same 
evening passed out of the straits, but owing to the Marietta^i low rate 
of speed, even under favorable conditions, and to the head winds and 
seas encountered north of the La Plata, we only made Bio on the after- 
noon of the 30th. 

6. During the run, owing to the chance that the Spanish torpedo 
vessel the Temerario might, if war existed, sight us before dark and 
get near enough to dispatch a torpedo during the night, only the lead- 
ing vessels showed any lights, and these were screened at the sides. 
The 8-inch and 6-inch guns were loaded with shell and ammunition for 
the rapid-fire guns was kept on deck, four crews in each watch being 
stationed at the guns. Orders for the maneuvering of the two ships in 
the event of fialling in with a suspicious-looking vessel were issued. 

7. It is gratifying to call the Department's attention to the spirit exist- 
ing on board this ship, in both officers and men, which can best be 
described by referring to instances such as that of the engineer officers 
in voluntarily doubling their watches when high speed was to be made, 
to the attempt of men to return to the fire room after being carried out 
of it insensible, and to the fact that most of the crew, who were work- 
ing by watches day and night at Sandy Point, preferred to leave their 
hammocks in the netting until they could get the ship coaled and ready 
to sail. 

Very respectfully, 0. B. Olabk, 

Captain, United States Navyj Oommanding. 

The Sboeetaby of thb Navy, 

Washington^ D. 0. 



Washington, April 30, 1898. 
Obboon, Eio Janeiro, Brazil : 

War has been declared between the United States and Spain from 
April 21. Temerario has left Montevideo, probably for Bio Janeiro. 
Await orders* 

LONGU 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 51 

Washing ion, May Jf, 1698. * 
Qbbooh, Bio ie Janeiro^ Brazil: 

Four SpaniBh annored cmiseni, heavy and fast, three torpedo boat 
destroyeni sailed April 29 from Cape de Yerde to the west, destination 
unknown. Beware of and study carefally the situation. Mast be left 
to yoar discretion entirely to avoid this fleet and to v^VLch the United 
States by West Indies. You can go when and where you desire. 
yietkerog and the Marietta subject to the orders of yourself. 

Long. 



Washington, May 2j 1898. 
Qbxooh, Rio Janeiro J Brazil: 

Do not sail from Bio Janeiro, Brazil, till further orders. 

Long. 



Wasuington, May 2^ 1898. 
Ohbooh, Bio Janeiro f Brazil : 

My telegram of May 2 countermanded. Garry out former instruc- 
tions, contained in my telegram of May 1 to proceed with Oregon, 
MarieitOj and Nietheroy. 

Long. 



Washington, 3tay 5, 1898. 
Okxooh, Rio ie Jameiroj Brazil: 

Inform the Department of your plans. The Spanish fleet in Philip- 
pine Islands annihilated by our naval force on the Asiatic station. 

Long. 



Bio, May 4, 1898. 
Sbcbktabt of Navy, Waehington: 

The receipt of telegram of May .*W is acknowlcdge<l. Will proceed 
in obedience to onlers I have rei-eived. Keeping near the Brazilian 
coasts as the Navy Department considers the Spanish fleet from Cape 
do Veide Islands superior, will be unsuitable. I can coal from the 
Sidkeroy^ if necessity compels it, to reach the United States. If the 
Sietkeroy delays too much I shall hasten passage, leaving her with the 
MmrieUa. Every department of the Oregon in fine condition. 

Clabil 
[On May 8, 1898, Oregon arrived at Hahia, Brazil.] 



Bahia, Brazil, May P, 1898. 

BlOBXTABT OF THS Nayt, Washington : 

Umtlh delaved by the Marietta and tlie Nietheroy. lieft them near 
Cape Frio, wIUi orders to come home or beach, if necessity com])el8 it, 
tosfoid eaptore. The Oregon couhl steam 14 knots for hours, and in 
i finning fight might beat oil' and even cripple the 8|»auiMh fleet 



52 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

With present amount of coal on board will be in good fighting trim, 
and could reach West Indies. If more should be taken bere I could 
reach Key West; but, in tbat case, belt armor, cellulose belt, and pro- 
tective deck would be below water Hue. Whereabouts of Spanish 
fleet requested. 

Clabk. 



Washington, May 9j 1898. 
Oregon, Bahiaj Brazil: 

Proc^eed at once to West Indies without further stop BraziL No 
authentic news the Spanish fleet. Avoid if possible. We believe that 
you will defeat it if met. 

Long. 



Bahia, May 11^ 1898. 
SEOBETAsr of Navy, Washington^ D. C: 

Separated from the Oregon near Bio Janeiro on May 5. The Marietta 
and Niotlieroy were ordered to proceed to Baliia, Brazil, and report 
arrival. Nietheroy^s boilers are in bad condition, breaking down con- 
tinu^y. I recommend strongly her remaining here under protection 
United States consul. I await orders. Can ascertain nothing respect- 
ing the destination of the Spanish squadron. Sailed April 29 from 
Oape Yerde Islands. 

Symonds. 



NAVAL WAR BOARD. 

Washington, Friday^ May 12, 1898. 

The board discussed fully the question of the advisability of dispatch- 
ing assistance to the Oregon^ in view of the possibility of tbat vessel 
being waylaid by the Oape de Yerde squadron. After fully considering 
the matter it was concluded that, under conditions as they now exist, 
it was inexpedient to detail either the Flying Squadron or vessels from 
Admiral Sampson's fleet to assist her, as the danger of her meeting the 
Spanish squadron was now thought to be less than formerly, and it was 
undesirable to disturb Admiral Sampson's operations around Porto 
Bico or to leave the northern coast without its chief defense. 



Bahia, May 13 j 1898. 
Secret ABY of Navy, Washington: 

The Marietta leaves to-day with Niothcroy. Symonds. 



118094. 

[Report «f ran from Bio Janeiro.] 

U, S. S. Obegon, 1st Rate, 

At Sea, May 18^ 1898. 

BiB: (1) I have the honor to report that having received, during the 
night after my arrival at Bio de Janeiro, the Department's cablegram of 
April 30 stating that war had been declared and that the Spanish tor- 



^ 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 53 

pedo Tossel had sailed from Montevideo, probably for Bio de Jaueiro, 
and leamiDg that the Americau minister was in Petropolis, though 
expected in Bio daring the forenoon, and the consul-general having 
stated that the representations from me direct to the Brazilian admiral 
would be well received and acted upon, I sent an ofQcer who explained 
to the Brazilian officer in command of the flagship that the Oregonj a 
15,000,000 battle ship, might be disabled or even destroyed by the tor- 
pedo vessel of the nation that had blown up the Maine and that I 
relied upon the Brazilian naval forces to prevent any such act of hos- 
tility in their waters, but that if the Temarario entered the harbor and 
approached the Oregon with a hostile purpose I must destroy her. The 
American minister having arrived during the afternoon and the situa- 
tion being explained to him he immediately communicated with the 
Brazilian Gk>vernment. In the meantime, that the Temarario might 
not have the excuse of approaching too close on the plea of entering 
the harbor and going to the usual man o'-war anchorage, I got under 
way and went farther up the bay, giving the commanding officer of the 
Marietta orders to send her steam launch to the Temarario if she 
appeared and inform her commander that if he approached within half 
a mile of the Oregon he would be sunk. The Marietta was ordered to 
keep her search light on the vessel all the time. Just before anchoring 
in the new berth word came fh>m the minister that the Brazilian 
admiral had ordered that if the Temarario appeared she would be 
stopped from entering the harbor or, if x>ermitted to enter, would be 
convoyed by a Brazilian man of war to an anchorage well up the bay. 
During the remainder of our stay a cruiser was stationed near the 
entrance and at night her search lights and those on Fort Santa Cruz 
swept the entrance. In this, as in all other respects during our Btay, 
the Brazilian officisds showed by their acts that their expressions oi 
sympathy and hoi)es for our immediate success were genuine. 

(2) On the morning of May 4, the Nictheroy being reported ready, the 
Oregon and the Marietta got underway and went to sea, the Brazilian 
minister of marine having stated, as already explained in my cablegram 
of May 3, that he wished an interval of a few hours to elapse between 
the sailing of our ships of war and the Nictheroy^ and it was his sug- 
gestion that if we went out in the morning the Nictheroy should follow 
in the evening. 

(3) Having sent several officers to examine the Nictheroy I had little 
expectation, after hearing their reports, that she would sail on time or 
would fail to break down during the voyage. She did not come out 
that night, and if she got out the next morning it was only to stop 
again, for it was late in the afternoon of the 5th that she joined us. 
Another delay of several hours immediately followed, and that nightj 
believing that the Department needed the Oregon at the seat of war, ana 
knowing that if we fell in with a Spanish fleet of superior force, with 
torpedo vessels, I must make a running fight of it at full speed, which 
meant leaving the Marietta and Nictheroy to escape the best way they 
eonld, as even the former could not be counted a factor in such an 
encounter, I ordered Commander Symonds to proceed to Bahia with 
the Marietta and the Nictheroy and if need be to run ashore if there 
was no other way to avoid capture. 

{4) During the evening of the 8th of May ran into Bahia and on the 
following evening sailed for the West Indies, having communicated 
with the Department and been authorized to proceed without further 
delays. 

(5) At 3.20 a. m.| Miis morning anchored olF Bridgetown, Barbados 



54 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

having been aided by the current during the ran, bat making an average 
through the water of 11.73 knots. 

(6^ The harbor police boats immediately came alongside, and when 
the nealth officer came on board we were regularly quarantined, having 
come from BraziL Soon after I received a letter from the governor, 
inclosing a copy of the Queen's proclamation dated April 23, 1898^ 
and was informed of the instructions regarding the use of the tele- 
graph. The American consul came within hail and stated that he had 
endeavored to report our arrival Have asked the privilege of taking 
.in coal today up to 400 tons. 

Very respectfully, 0. B. Olabk, 

Oaptainj 17. S. N^ Oommamding. 

The Sejbbtart op the Navy, 

Washingtonj D. 0. 
[On May 24, 1898, Oregon arrived Jupiter Inlet, Florida.; 



WASHiNaTON, Ma/y 24j 1898. 
OBEaON, Jupiter^ Fla.: 

If ship is in good condition and ready for service, go to Key West; 
otherwise, to Hampton Boads. The Department congratulates you 
upon your safe arrival, which has been announced to the President. 



11M61. 
114407. 

[OoBgntnlAtloni of I)epartm«iit to offloen and orow of Ofg^ti^l 

Washington, May 26 j 1898, 
OsEaoN: 

(Through Naval Base, Key West, Fla.) 

The Department congratulates you, your officers, and crew on the 
completion of your long and remarkably successful voyage. 

Long. 



IT. S. S. Obegon, 1st bate, 

Key Westj Fla.j May 27^ 1898. 

Sib: I have the honor to acknowledge the Department's telegram 
of yesterday, which was received and read to all hands at muster the 
same evening, causing great enthusiasm and spontaneous cheers. That 
the officers, who have labored so faithfully and intelligently to bring 
the ship around in our efficient condition for fighting and steaming, 
and especially that the crew, who individually and collectively have 
made real sacrifices and who for two months have asked for nothing 
but the privilege of doing extra work that might hasten the progress 
of the ship, should be mentioned and congratulated, aflEbrds me, as the 
commanding officer, especial gratification. 

Very respectfully, 0. B. Olabk, 

Oaptainj U. S. JST., Oommanding, 

The Sbobbtaby of the Navy, 

WoihingUmj D 0. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 55 

U7866. 

[Begardlof ooBToy of NieUun^J] 

XT. S. S. Mabtetta, 3d Batb, 
At SeOy Latitude 2(P 19' Kj Longitude 66^ 06' W., May 30^ 1898. 

8iB: I reapectfiilly report that in obedience to the Department's 
order dated May 14, 1898, 1 convoyed the U. S. merchant steamer ^lo- 
tkeroff around Cape St. Soqae, but not being able to ascertain at 
Bahia, Brazil, whether or not coal coold be obtained at Para, BrazU, 
where it was necessary for this vessel to coal in order to make Key 
West, I convoyed that vessel to the Para Biver, where I obtained from 
her 117 tons of coaL After receiving the coal I gave written orders to 
the master of the Nictkeroyj in compliance with the Departments 
instmotions. a copy of which orders accompany this report, and put to 
sea. The Nictheroy was obliged to remain in the Para Biver two or 
three days to make necessary repairs to her boilers, bat expected to 
pot to sea by May 24. 

Bespectftdly, F. M. Stmonds, 

Commaikfer, 17. & iT., 
The Sbobstaby of thb Navy, 

iTovy Departmentj Waehingtonj D. 0. 



IT. 8. S. Marietta, to Batb, 

Para River j Brazil^ May 21^ 1898. 

Sib: In compliance with instmctions from the honorable Secretary 
of the Navy, dated May 12, 1898, 1 have to in£Drm yon that yonr vessel 
is no longer under convoy of tms command, and yon are directed to 
proceed with yonr vessel alone hereafter to any home port. 
Bespectfblly, 

F. M. Symonbs, 
OomifKMmdeTj TJ. 8. Jf., Commanding. 

Oaptjlih, Stxaiceb Nictheboy, 

Para River ^ BraeiL 



[Bcpcit of mn finom Smi J<m6, Onatfunria.] 

XT. S. S. Marietta, 
Key We^tj Fla., June 6, 1898. 

SiB: Beferring to the recent trip of this vessel from San Jos^, Gaa- 
temala, to this port, it gives me pleasure to report as to the satisfactory 
performance of her engines and boilers, as also the other departments 
of this vesseL 

Upon no occasion were we obliged to stop for even slight repairs, and 
when on route from Punta Arenns to Bio de Janeiro, accompanied by 
the Oregonj no difficulty was experienced in maintainiug the full con- 
tract horsepower of tiie engines. 

Upon arrival here, after the run from San Jos^, Guatemala, about 
12,000 miles, had the immediate services of the vessel been desired she 
could have proceeded to sea at ouce after coaling. 

This genial condition of the vessel is due in a great measure to the 
leal of the officers and crew consequent upon the demands of war. 



56 BUHEAU OP NAVIGATION. 

The cheerfalness and efforts of all to prevent any unnecessary delay 
in our arrival at this place is deserving of mention, and was most forcibly 
illastrated at our last coaling point, the Para Eiver. The crew having 
worked all one night, engaged in conling, in a temperature that was 
trying in the extreme, were the following forenoon, despite their zeal, 
unable to maintain their record for fast work ; whereupon, to encourage 
them, two of the watch officers, neither of whom were on watch at the 
time, seized wheelbarrows and assisted in coaling until all was on board, 
and in consequence I was enabled to get to sea that day. 
Respectfully, 

F. M. SVMONBS, 

Commander^ U. 8. N., Commanding. 

The Skcebtary of the Navy, 

Kavy Department^ Washington^ D. (7. 



WAsnrNGTON, Jiine 14, 1898. 

8iB: In acknowledging the receipt of your report of the 6th instant, 
relative to the passage of the XT. S. S. Marietta, from San Jos^ de Guate- 
mala, to Key West, the Department takes occasion to congratulate yoa 
:iud those under your command upon the successful termination of their 
long voyage. 

The Department desires to express to you, and through you to the 
officers and men under your command, its appreciation of the efforts 
made by them to carry out their orders. It is such zeal and spirit as 
has been shown by the officers and men of the Marietta that has brought 
to a successful end every enterprise undertaken by our service in the 
present war. 

Very respectfully, 

John D. Lon i, Secretary. 

Commanding Officer, U. JS. S. Marietta. 



NORTHERN PATROL SQUADRON AND AUXILIARY 

NAVAL FORCE. 



67 



VOETHSBV PATBOL 8QUADB0H AVD AUXILIABT HA7AL FOECB. 

Navt Depjlbtmsnt, WaBhinfftoHj May 5, 1898. 
Commander in Chief, 

Patrol Fleet, etc 

SiB: The Department incloses herewith a tracing of a section of 
northern ooast^ with patrol lines marked on it in red. 

Tour aim shoold be to distribnte year vessels to the best advantage 
upon or near these lines, and have them patrol, on their respective 
croising groonds, as a protection to the coast and the coastwise trade. 
The lines are approximate only. 

The flying squadron is expected to patrol between the capes of Yir- 
ginia and the capes of Delaware 

Your patrol ships on the northern lines will coal at Boston; those on 
the Block Island line at Tompkiusville. 

If yon have, at any time, more ships than are necessary to patrol 
these lines, yon should so inform the Department. 
Bespectftdly, 

John D. LoNa, Seeretarjf. 



Nayy Dkpabtmbnt, Washington^ May 5, 1898. 

Bear- Admiral Hbney Ebben, 

In Charge Auxiliary Defense Fleet. 

8iB: Referring to the question of the patrol of defensive mine fields 
at the different harbors where the auxiliary defense fleet is stationed, 
tiie Department considers that the maintenance of the mine fields in 
proper condition and repair, and tiie furnishing of necessary craft for 
doing that work, devolves upon the War Department. 

Such of the smaller vessels of the auxiliary defense fleet as you may 
think proper, when not required for duty of a more strictlv military 
character, will be employed in patroling the neighborhood of the mine 
fields, for the purpose of obliging friendly vessels to cross the same by 
and through the channels that have been marked for that purpose by 
the Army. 

Bespeotfully, 

John D. Lono, Secretary. 



Nayy Department, Washington^ May 7, 1898. 

Hon. B. A. AxaEE, 

Secretary of War. 

Sie: Some question having arisen as to the injury to the defensive 
mine fields at New York by the pas>age through them of friendly 
vessels which have not kept in the designated channel, it becomes 
necessary to establish some sort of patrol for the purpose of regulating 
the matter. 



60 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

It being assnmod that the War Department will maintain the mine 
fields, keep them in repair, and mark suitable channels over them for 
use of friendly vessels, the Navy Department will, as suggested by your 
Ohief of Engineers, furnish patrol boats for the purpose of preventing 
ftiendly ships from passing over the mine fields otherwise than through 
the regular channels designated by the War Department for that 
purpose. 

Of course the cliief duties of the patrol boats of the Naval Auxiliary 
Defense Fleet will be to keep a lookout along the coasts of their respec- 
tive districts for vessels and boats of the enemy, and to drive them off, 
or get reenforcements for that purpose, as the case may be. 
BeflpectfuUy; 

John D. Long, Secretary, 



Washington, May P, 1898. 
Bear- Admiral Henby Ebben, 

Navy- Yard^ New York: 

Place, as soon as practicable, enough patrol boats on the mine fields 
about New York to oblige ships to keep the channel marked by the 
Army. 

Long. 



Navy Department, Washington, June 21, 1898. 

GOHMANDBB IN CHIEF NORTHERN PaTBOL SQUADBON, 

Provincetotofiy Mass. 

SiB: Instead of keeping the vessels under your command constantly 
cruising, as heretofore, you will station them singly at fixed points of 
the coast line, between Hampton Koads and Bar Harbor, sufilcieutly 
distributed to have one always within easy reach of any particular 
section that may be menaced. 

You are at liberty to choose such positions as seem most suitable to 
you, always however at a telegraph station, except that one vessel must 
always be kept at Newport News with steam up to protect the battle- 
ships there building against possible attacks. 

Shift the positions of the ships firom time to time, and make a weekly 
report of their positions to the Bureau of Navigation. They should 
also make a tour of their cruising ground occasionally, and lie per- 
petually with warm water in the boilers. 
Very respectfully, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 



The full report of the operations of the United States Auxiliary 
Naval Force is to be found on pages 15 to 47, of the report of the 
Assistant Secretary of the Navy for the year 1898. Certain orders in 
regard to preliminary measures for coast defenses on the Pacific having 
been intrusted for execution to Bear-Admiral J. N. Miller, United 
States Navy, commander in chief of the Paci6c Station, as a part of 
his regular duties, will be found in this api>endix under Operations in 
the Pacific Ocean, page 135 and following. 



OPERATIONS ON THE ASIATIC STATION. 

(1) NAVAL BATTLE OF MANILA BAT, MAY 1, 1898. 

(2) INVESTMENT AND FALL OF MANILA. 



61 



OPERATIONS ON THE ASIATIC STATION. 

(1) NAVAL BATTLE OF ICANILA BAY, MAY 1, 1898. 



0PERATI0H8 OV THE ASIATIC 8TATI0S. 

NAVAL BATTLE OF MANILA BAT, MAT 1, 1896. 

Washington^ January 27^ 1898. 

Dbwst, OljfmpiOj TokohamOj Japan : 

Retain antil fiirther orders the crew of the squadron whose terms of 
mlistment have expired. 

Obowninshibld. 



WASHiNaTONy F^MTMarjf 25^ 1898, 

Dewey, Hongkong: 

Order the squadron, except the Monoeaeyy to Hongkong. Keep ftill 
of coal. In the event declaration of war Spain, your duty will be to 
see that the Spanish squadron does not leave the Asiatic ooast, and 
then offensive ojMrations in Philippine Islands. Keep OZympia nntil 
farther orders. 

BOOSSVXLT. 



WASHiNCProN, FAmary as^ 1898. 
Dewet, Hongkong: 
Keep full of coal — the best that can be had. 

LONO. 



Washington^ Marek 21^ 1898. 
Dewey, Hongkong: 

The Baltimore has been ordered to proceed to Hongkong, upon the 
arrival of the Mohiean at Honolulu, with ammunition for the Asiatic 
Station. 

Long. 



Washington, April 1, 1898. 
Dewey, Hongkong: 

Fill np with provisions purchased on station; then how many days 
provisions have you on handt How much soap and tobacco shall I 
shipt 

Long. 

Washington, April 4j 1898. 
Dewey, Hongkong: 
Can you purchase immediately supply steamer t What will be the 

eoetofl 

Long. 



66 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION, 

HoNGKONa, April 4y 1898. 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington: 

I have chartered the British steamer Kanshanj having over 3,000 tons 
of coal now on board. Before the outbreak of hostilities can and woald 
purchase this steamer. I request the earliest information in order to 
conclude arrangements. Oan not be made after the outbreak of 
hostilities. 

Dewey. 



Washincpton, April 6j 1898. 
Dewey, Hongkong: 

Purchase immediately Nanshan and one more vessel for supplies. 
Gbarge special appropriation. Send the receipts to the Department. 
Enlist for special service, if possible, one year, unless sooner discharged, 
the crew of. Detach and order assume command of each an officer. 
Arm if possible. War may be declared. Oondition very critical. 

Long. 



Washington, April 6^ 1898. 
Dewey, Hongkong: 

The receipt of telegram of April 4 is acknowledged. I approve action. 
Expedite delivery. April 6 may be last opportunity. 

Long. 



Hongkong, April 6y 1898. 

Secretary op Navy, W<uhingi4mj D. 0. ; 

I have purchased Ifanshan and I have engaged her crew. Will detail 
an officer for command. I have ordered three officers, 50 men firom 
Monocacy to fill vacancies here. I hox)e to get another steamer. • • • 
The receipt of telegram April 6 acknowledged, to expedite delivery. 

Dewey. 

Washington, April 7, 1898. 
Dewey, HongJcong: 

Land all woodwork, stores, etc., it is not considered necessary to have 
for operations. 

Long. 



Hongkong, April P, 1898. 
Seoretary of Navy, Washington: 

I have purchased the British steamer Zaftro, for supplies, for £18,000 
sterling. I will arm, equip, and man vessel immediately. 

Dewey. 



Washington, April 21^ 1898. 
Dewey, HongJcong: 

The naval force on the North Atlantic Station are blockading Ouba. 
War has not yet been declared. War may be declared at any moment. 
I will inform you. Await orders. 

Long. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 67 

Washington, April 24^ 1898. 
Dbwbt, Hongkong: 

War has oommenced between the United States and Spain« Proceed 
at ODce to Philippine Islands. Oommence operations at once, particu- 
l«rly against the Spanish fleet. You most capture vessels or destroy. 
Use atmost endeavors. 

Long. 



Hongkong, April 35^ 1898. 
Sbcrbtaby of Navy, WashingUm: 

The squadron will leave for Manila, Philippine Islands, immediately 
apon the arrival of the United States oonsnl firom Manila. 

Dbwby. 



Hongkong, April 25, 1898. 
Sbcbbtaby of Navy, Wa$hingtan: 

Id aocordanoe with the request of the governor of Hongkong, the 
squadron leaves taday for Mirs Bay, China, to await telegraphic 
instmctiona. Address, Hongkong. I will oommonicate by tag. 

Dkwey. 



Washington, April 26 j 1898. 
DswKY, Hongkong: 

Following proclamation of the President of the United States is for- 
warded for your information : 

WliereMs by ftn act of Conmas sppioTed April 26, 188R. it is deelsred thst wsr 
exists and that war has existed since tae 31st dav of April, A. D. 1S9S, inelading said 
day, between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain ; and whereas, 
it being desirable that sneh war should be condnoted npon principles in harmony 
with the present views of nations and sanctioned by their recent practice, it has 
Already been annoonced that the policy of this GoTemment wiU be not to resort to 
privateering, but to adhere to the mles of the declaration of Paris : Now, therefore, 
1, William McKinley, President of the United States of America, by virtoe of the 
power Tested in me i>.t the Constitution and the laws, do hereby declare and pro- 
claim : One, the neutral flag covers the enemy's goods, with the exception of oontra- 
band of war; two, neutral goods, contraband of war, are not liable to oonflscation 
under the enemy's flag; three, blockades, in order to 1>e binding, must be effective: 
four. Spmish merchant vessels in any ports or places within the United States shall 
be allowed till May 31st, 1898, Inclusive, for loading their carj^oes and departing 
from such ports or places, and such Spanish mercliant vessels, if met at sea by any 
United States ship, fthaU be permitted to continue their vovage, if, on examination 
of their papers, it fthall appear that their cargoes were taken on board before the 
sxpiraticm of the above term, provided that nothing herein contained shall apply to 
Spanish veseeb having on board any officer in the militarv or naval service of the 
enemy, or any coal, except such as may be necessary for their voyage, or any other 
article prohibited or contraband of war, or any despatch of or to the Spaninh Gov- 
ernment: five, any Spanish merchant vessel which, prior to April 21, 1898, shall 
have sailed from any foreign port, or place in the United Stsitee, shall be nermitted 
to enter such port or place, and to discharge her cargo, and alterwards, forthwith, 
to depart without molestation, and anv such vessel, if met at sea by any United 
States slup, shall be permitted to conunue her voyage to any port not blockaded ; 
six, the right of search is to be exercised with strict reganl for the rights of neutrals, 
and the vorages of mail steamers are not to be interfered with except on the clearest 
grounds of suspicion of a violation of law, in reroect to contraband or bleckade. 

In witness wnereof I have hereunto set my hand and c aused the seal of the United 
States to be affixed. 



68 BUREAU OF NAYiaATION. 

Done »t the dty of Waahtngton on the 26th d»y of April, in the year of onr Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight, and of the Independenee of the 
United States the one hundred and twenty-second. 

William McKinlbt. 
By the President : 

John Bbmbmajx, Seoretarjf qf SiaU. 

Long. 



HONaEONOy April 37 J 1898. 
Seobbtaby of Natt, Watthington: 

Williams, the XJnited States oonstil from Manila, has arrived* The 
squadron mil sail immediately for the Philippine Islands. 

Dbwbt. 



Hongkong, May 7, 1898. (Manila, May 1.) 

SeoretaBY of the Navy, Washington: 

The squadron arrived at Manila at daybreak this morning. Imme- 
diately engaged enemy and destroyed the following Spanish vessels: 
Reina Christina^ Oastillia^ Don Antonio de Biloa^ Don Jwun de Austria, 
Isla de Luzonj Isla de Oiiba. General LezOj Marquis del Duaro, El Ourreo, 
VelascOj one transport, Isla de MandanOj water battery at Oavite. I 
shall destroy Oavite arsenal dispensatory. The squadron is uninjured. 
Few men were slightly wounded. I request the Department will send 
immediately from San Francisco &st steamer with ammunition. The 
only means of telegraphing is to the American consul at Hongkong. 

Dewey. 



WASHnroTON, May 3^ 1898. 
Dewey (care American consul), Hongkong: 

I send hearty congratulations to yourself and your officers and men. 
The President highly appreciates your achievement. I await report 
from you, on receipt of which further action will be taken and any 
supplies that you wish will be forwarded. 

Long. 



Hongkong, May 7, 1898. (Oavite, May 4.) 

Seobetaby of the Havy, Washington: 

I have taken possession of the naval station at Oavite, Philippine 
Islands, and destroyed its fortifications. Have destroyed fortifications 
bay entrance, paroling garrison. Have cut cable to main land. I con- 
trol bay completely and can take city at any time, but I have not suffi- 
cient men to hold. The squadron excellent health and spirits. The 
Spanish loss not folly known; very heavy; 150 killed, including cap- 
tain, on Reina Oristina, alone. I am assisting and protecting Spanish 
sick and wounded, 260 in nnmber, in this hospital, within our Hues. 
Will ammunition be sentt I request answer without delay. I can 
supply squadron coal and provisions for a long period. Much excite- 
ment at Manila. Scarcity of provisions on account of not having econo- 
mized stores. Will protect foreign residents. 

Dewey. 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATIOR. 69 

WASHiNaTON, May 7, 1898. 

Dbwsy (care American consul) Hongkong : 

The PrcBidenty in the name of the American people, thanks yon and 
year officers and men for your splendid achievement and overwhelminff 
victory. In recognition he has appointed yon acting rear-admiral, and 
will recommend a vote of thanks to yon by Congress as a founda- 
tion for farther promotion. The Charleston will leave at once with what 
ainmnnition she can carry. Pacific Mail Steamship Company's steamer 
Vektn will follow with ammunition and supplies. Will take troops 
unless you telegraph otherwise. How many will you require! 

LoNa. 



Washington, May 7, 1898. 

Sm: Fnder the authority of section 1434 of the Revised Statutes of 
the United States, you have been assigned to the command of the 
United States naval force on the Asiatic Station, with the rank of rear- 



Yon will hoist the flag of a rear-admiral, will wear the uniform, and 
wfll affix that title to your official signature. 
Respectfully, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 
Commodore Geobgb Dewey, U. S. N., 

Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Force^ Atiatie Station^ 

U. 8. Flagihip Olympia, 



HoNaxoNG, tTiftfi^ 17, 1898. (Cavite, June 12.) 
Secretaby of Navy, Washington: 

The following is correct list Spanish vessels destroyed May 1 : Two 
protected cmisers, i«to de Cuba, lela de Luzon ; Ave unprotected cruisers, 
Reina Christina^ Caetillay Don Antonio de Ulloay Don Juan de Austria^ 
Vekueo: two ganbostSj General Lezoy Marquis del Duero; one transport, 
Isla de Mindano ; one surveying vessel, ArgoSj both armed. The follow- 
ing have been captured: One transport, ManUa; one gunboat, Callao. 

Dewey. 

Manila, November 26 j 1898. 
Setbbtaby Favy, WasMngton: 

Isla de LuzoUy Isla de Onto, and Don Juan de Austria have been 
raised and docked. My anticipations as to their value fully realized. 
Will leave shortly for Hongkong under their own steam. Constructor 
Capps deserving highest commendation. 

Dewey. 



U9197. 

[BBpoft of enga|(eiii«nt of ■qQadroB with SiMUDltb foroeii at IffanlU Bay.] 

No. 240 D.] U. S. Naval. Poeoe on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship OlympiOy CavitSj Philippine IslandSj May 4j 1898. 

Sm: I have the honor to submit the following report of the opera- 
tions of the squadron under my command: 
The squadron left Min Bay on April 27, immediately on the arri^^^ 



70 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

of Mr. O. F. Williams, United States consnl at Manila, who brought 
important information and who accompanies the squadron. 

Arrived off Bolinao on the morning of April 30 and, finding no ves- 
sels there, proceeded down the coast and arrived off the entrance to 
Manila Bay on the same afternoon. 

The Boston and Concord were sent to reconnoiter Port Snbic, I hav- 
ing been informed that the enemy intended to take position there. A 
thorough search of the port was made by the Boston and Concord^ but 
the Spanish fleet was not found, although, from a letter afterwards 
found in the arsenal (inclosed with translation), it appears that it had 
been their intention to go there. 

Entered the Boca Grande, or south channel, at 11.30 p. m., steaming in 
column at distance at 8 knots. After half the squadron had passed, a 
battery on the south side of the channel opened fire, none of the shots 
taking effect. The Boston and McCulloch returned the fire. 

The squadron proceeded across the bay at slow speed, and arrived 
off Manila at daybreak, and was fired upon at 5.15 a. m. by three bat- 
teries at Manila and two at Oavite and by the Spanish fleet anchored 
in an approximately east and west line across the mouth of Bakor Bay, 
with their left in shoal water in Oanacao Bay. 

The squadron then proceeded to the attack, the flagship Olympia^ 
under my personal direction, leading, followed at distance by the jBa^ti- 
fiiortf, Raleigh^ Petrel^ Concord^ and Boston^ in the order named, which 
formation was maintained throughout the action. The squadron opened 
fire at 5.41 ^. m. While advancing to the attack, two mines were 
exploded ahead of the flagship, too far to be effective. 

The squadron maintained a continuons and precise fire at ranges 
varying from 5,000 to 2,000 yards, countermarching in a line approxi- 
mately parallel to that of the Spanish fleet. The enemy's fire was 
vigorous^ but generally ineffective. 

Early m the engagement two launches put out toward the Olympia 
with the apparent intention of using torpedoes. One was sunk and 
the other disabled by our fire and beached before an opportunity 
occurred to fire torpedoes. At 7 a. m. the Spanish flagship Reina Chris- 
tina made a desperate attempt to leave the line and come out to engage 
at short range, but was received with such galling fire, the entire bat- 
tery of the Olympia being concentrated upon her, that she was barely- 
able to return to the shelter of the point. The fires started in her by 
our shell at this time were not extinguished, until she sank. 

At 7.^ a. m., it having been erroneously reported to me that only 
15 rounds per gun remained for the 5-inch rapid-fire battery, I ceased 
firing and wlth^w the squadron for consultation and' a redistribution 
of ammunition, if necessary. 

The three batteries at Manila had kept up a continuons fire from the 
beginning of the engagement, which fire was not returned by this 
squadron. The first of these batteries was situated on the south mole 
head at the entrance to the Pasig Biver, the second on the south bastion 
of the walled city of Manila, and the third at Malate, about one-half 
mile &rther south. At this point I sent a message to the Governor- 
General to the effect that if the batteries did not cease firing the city 
would be shelled. This had the effect of silencing them. 

At 11.16 a. m., finding that the report of scarci^ of ammunition was 
incorrect, I returned with the squadron to the attack. By this time 
the flagship and almost the entire Spanish fleet were in flames, and at 
12.30 p. m. the squadron ceased firing, the batteries being silenced and 
the ships sunk, burnt, and deserted. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 71 

At 12.40 p. in. the squadron returned and anchored off Manila, the 
Petrel being left behind to complete the destruction of the smaller gun- 
boats, which were behind the point of Gavite. This duty was performed 
by Oonimander E. P. Wood in the most expeditious and complete 
manner possible. 

The Spanish lost the following vessels: 

Sunk— ifetna Christinaj Cci^tUlajBon Antonio de Ulloa. 

Burnt — Don Juan de AuetriOy tela de Luzon^ Isla de Cuba^ General 
Lezo^ Marquee del DuerOy HI Oorreo^ VeUucOy and I$la de Mindanao 
(transport). 

Captured — Rapido and Hercules (tugs) and several smai^ Isiunches. 

I am unable to obtain complete accounts of the enemy's killed and 
wounded, but believe their loss to be very heavy. The Reina Christina 
alone had 150 killed, including the captain, and 90 wounded. 

I am happy to report that the damage done to the squadron under 
my command was inconsiderable. There were none killed, and only 7 
men in the squadron very slightly wounded. As will be seen by tlie 
reports of the commanding officers which are herewith inr.losed, several 
of the vessels were struck and even penetrated, but the damage was of 
the slightest, and the squadron is in as good condition now as before 
the battle. 

I beg to state to the Department that I doubt if any commander in 
chief, under similar circumstances, was ever served by more loyal, efti- 
cient, and gallant captains than those of the squadron now under my 
command. Oapt. Frank Wildes, commanding the Boston^ volunteered 
to remain in command of his vessel, although his relief arrived before 
leaving Hongkong. 

Asst. Surg. 0. P. Kindleberger, of the Olympia^ and Gunner J. 0. 
Evans, of the Bostonj also volunteered to remain after orders detaching 
them had arrived. 

The conduct of my personal staff was excellent Commander B. P. 
Lamberton, chief of staff, was a volunteer for that position and gave 
me most efficient aid. Lieut. T. M. Brumby, flag lieutenant, and 
Ensign W. P. Scott, aid, performed their duties as signal otticers in a 
highly creditable manner. The Olympia being short of offiters for the 
battery, Ensign U. H. Caldwell, Hag secretary, volunteered for and 
was assigned to a subdivision of the 5-inch battery. 

Mr. J. L. Stickney, formerly an officer in the United States Navy, 
and now correspondent for the New York Herald, volunteered for duty 
as my aid, and rendered valuable service. 

While leaving to the commanding officers to comment on the conduct 
of the officers and men under their commands, 1 desire especially to 
mention the coolness of Lieut. C. G. Calkins, the navigator ot the 
Olympia^ who came under my personal observation, being ou the bridge 
with me throughout the entiro action, and giving the ranges t<> tiie 
I guns with an accuracy that was proven by the excellence of the tiring. 

On May 2, the day following the engagement, the squadron again 
went to Cavite, where it remains. A landing party was sent to destroy 
the guns and magazines of the batteries there. The first battery, near 
the end of Sangley Point, was composed of two modern Trubia B. L. 
rities of 15 centimeters caliber. The second wsis 1 mile fartiier down 
the besicb. and consisted of a modern Oanet 12 centimeter B. L. rifle 
behind improvised eartiiworks. 

On the dd the military forces evacuated the Gavite Arsenal, which 
was taken possession of by a landing party. On the «ame day the 






72 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATIOK. 



Ealeigh and Baltimore secured the sarrender of the batteriefl on Gone- 
gidor Island, paroling the garrison and destroying the gnus. 

On the morning of May 4 the transport ManilOy which had been 
aground in Bakor Bay, was towed off and made a prize. 
Very respectfoUy, your obedient servant, 

George Dewey, 

Commodore^ U. 8. If^j 
Oammanding U. 8, Naval Force on Astatic Station^ 

The Seobbtaby of the Navy, 

Washingtonj V. 0. 
(Bureau of Kavigation.) 



13453S. 
119197. 



[OoBpl0iiiOBti of Bpanlsli 



dMtroyed at If rnifla.] 



No. 374-M.l XJ. 8. Haval Fobgb on Asiatic Station, 

jS'lagehip Olympia^ Oavitej Philippine IslandSj July 9, 1698* 

Sib: Beferring to section 4635 of the Revised Statutes, I have the 
honor to forward the following list of the complements of the vessels of 
the enemy destroyed by the squadron under my command in the battle 
of Manila Bay on May 1, ISdS, ts^en from the official list of the Spanish 
Navy: 



Ship. 



BaliiaGhriatina 

CmUU* 

Don Jiun de AnitrlA. 
Don Antonio do UUoft 

IsUdoCnb* 

lalAdoItUMm 

Morqnoi dol Dnero 
GoDonl" 
Amo . 

VOUMOO 



Officora, 
etc. 



Totid 

complo- 

niont« 



67 


882 


6S 


849 


28 


179 


81 


168 


81 


168 


81 


158 


18 


88 


20 


116 


21 


87 


28 


147 



1,798 



The Trans- Atlantic Company's steamer Isla de Mindanao was armed 
and took part in the battle, and was also destroyed. Her complement is 
not known, but it is estimated at 120. 

From the above it appears that the enemy had more men in this 
engagement than the United States squadron. In this connection I 
beg to invite the attention of the Department to a letter from the com- 
manding officer of the Petrel^ dated June 26, 1898, which has already 
been forwarded and which gives a statement by one of the crew of the 
Reina Ohristinaj showing that the crews of the Spanish vessels were 
largely in excess of the complements given here. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfidly, 

Geoboe Dewey, 

Eear-Admiralj U, 8. N.j 
Commanding U. 8. Naval Force on Asiatic 8tation, 

The Seoeetaey of the Navy, 

Navy Department, Washingtonj D. 0. 

(Bureau of Navigation.) 



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2i 



BUREAU 09 NAVIGATION. 73 

119197. 

[Bapoit of «niiff«Miit »t ICaailA Bay.] 

No. 6-G.] U. S. Flaoship Olympia, 

OffManilOj Philippine Islands^ May 3, 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to make the following rei>ort of this ship's 
cnngement with the enemy on May 1 : 

On April 30 we stood down for the entrance to Manila Bay. At 9.42 
p. m. the crew were called to general quarters (the ship haying been 
previously cleared for action) and remained by their g^ons, ready to 
return the fire of the batteries if called upon. 

At about 11.30 p. m. we passed through Boca Grande entrance of 
Manila Bay. The lights on Gorrigidor and Oaballo islands and on San 
Nicolas Banks were extinguished. 

After this ship had iMwsed in the battery on the southern shore of 
entrance opened fire at the shii>s astern, and the McOtMoch and the 
Boston returned the fire. 

At 4 a. m. of May 1 coffee was served out to officers and men. At 
daybreak sighted shipping at Manila. Shifted course to southward and 
stood for Gavite. At 5.0^ two submarine mines were exploded near, 
Cavite bearing south-southeast, distant 4 miles. At 5.15 battery on 
Shangly Point opened fire, but the shell fell short. Other shells passed 
over as, ranging 7 miles. At 5.41 a. m. we opened fire on Spanish ships 
with forward 8-inch guns, which were soon followed by the 5-inch bat- 
tery. A rapid fire was kept up until the close of the action. 

The range varied from 5,600 to 2,000 yards. 

A torpedo boat ran out and headed for this ship, but was finally 
driven back by our secondary battery. She came out a second time 
and was again repulsed. This time she had to be beached, as several 
shot had hit her. 

Batteries from Manila fired occasional shots at the ships during the 
sction, but did no damage. 

At 6.20 turned to starboard and headed back in front of the Spanish 
line. The Olympia led the column three times to the westward and 
twice to the eastward in front of the Spanish ships and shore batteries. 
On one occasion the Spanish flagship Beina Oristina was hit by an 
d-inch shell from our forward turret and raked fore and aft. At 7.35 
ceased firing and stood out into Manila Bay. 

The men went to breakfwt. 

Many of the Spanish ships were seen to be on fire, and when we 
returned at 11.16 to complete the destruction of the Spanish fleet only 
one, tlie Bon Antonio de Ulloay and the shore batteries returned our fire. 
The former was sunk and the latter were silenced. 

At 12.40 p. m. stood back to Manila Bay and anchored. 

Besides making the ordinary preparations of clearing ship for action, 
the heavy sheet chains were faked up and down over a buffer of awnings 
against the sides in wake of the 5-inch ammunition hoists and affordeid 
a stanch protection, while iron and canvas barricades were placed in 
various places to cover guns' crews and strengthen moderate defenses. 

The vessel was struck or slightly hulled as follows: 

(1) Plate indented 1} inches starboard side of sui>erstmcture just for- 
ward of second 5-inch sponson. 

(2) Three planks torn up slightly in wake of forward turret on star- 
board side of forecastle. 

(3) Fort after slurouds of fore and main rigging. 

(4i Strongback of gig's davits hit and slightly damaged. 
(5) Hole in frame or ship between frames 65 and 66 on starboar 
below main deck rail; made by a 6-pounder. 



74 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

(G) Lashing of port whaleboat davit carried away by shot. 

(7) One of the rail stanchions carried away oatside of port gangway. 

(8) Hull of ship indented on starboard side 1 foot below main-deck 
rail and 3 feet abaft No. 4 coal port. 

The forward 8-inch gans fired 23 shells. The ammunition hoist was 
temporarily out of commission on account of the blowing of the fuse. 
The right gun worked well with the electrical batteries. Battery of 
left gun failed to explode the primer after the first shot; also resistance 
lamp in dynamo circuit broken. Used percussion primers in this gun 
with good results after the first shot. 

The after turret fired 13 shells. Had three misfires with battery of 
right gun and two with dynamo circuit, as fuses blew out. In renew- 
ing fuses they were immediately blown out; so shifted to percussion 
primers with good results. In left gun 1 shell jammed, after which 
used half full and half reduced charge, which fired it. Battery of this 
gun gave good results. One primer failed to check gas. 

The smoke from the 5 inch battery and from the forward 8-inch guns 
gave considerable trouble, and in both turrets the object glass of the 
telescopic sights became covered with a deposit from the powder and 
had to be wiped off frequently. These are, nevertheless, considered 
good sights for heavy guns; but it is recommended that bar sights be 
installed in case of emergency, as there is no provision for sighting other 
than with the telescopes. 

The batteries for the 5-inch gunsfound tobeunreliable. Used dynamo 
circuit on 3 guns with good results. Ammunition poor. Many shell 
became detached from the cases on loading and had to be rammed out 
from the muzzle. Several cases jammed in loading and in extracting. 
Guns and gun mounts worked well. Fired about 281 5-inch shell. 

The 6- pounder battery worked to perfection, firing 1,000 rounds. Fired 
360 rounds of 1-pounder and 1,000 rounds of snjall-arm ammunition. 

From 9.42 p. m. of April 30 till 12.40 p. m. May 1, two divisions of the 
engineer's force worked the boilers and engines, keeping up steam and 
working well, notwithstanding the heat of the fire and engine rooms. 
The third division worked at their stations in the powder division. 

The ship needs no immediate repairs and is in excellent condition to 
engage the enemy at any time. 

There were no casualties nor wounded on this ship. 

Where every officer and man did his whole duty there is only room for 
general praise. Pay Inspector D. A. Smith, Fleet Pay (Jlerk Wm. J. 
Kightmire, and Pay Olerk W. M. Long all volunteered for and performed 
active service not required by their stations. Ensign H. H. Caldwell, 
secretary to the commander in chief, volunteered for fighting duty and 
was assigned to the command of a subdivision of the 5-inch battery. 
Mr. J.L. Stickney, correspondent of the New York Herald (and formerly 
a naval officer of exceptional ability), served as a volunteer aid to the 
commander in chief and rendered invaluable assistance in carrying me» 
sages and in keeping an accurate account of the battle. One 6-pounder 
was manned by a crew of marines, and two relief crews for the 5inch 
guns and two for the 6-pounders acted as sharpshooters under Gapt. W. 
Biddle, U. S. M. 0. 

The range was obtained by cross bearings from the standard compass 
and the distance taken from the chart. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, 

Oh. V. Obiblet, 
Captain U. 8. JT., Commanding U. 8. Flagship Olympta. 

The OoMMAiYD£B IN Ohief, 

Asiatic Station. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 75 

119197. 

(B«fort of «gaff«MBt rt ICABflA Buy ICaj 1, l«e.] 



U. S. S. Raleigh, 

Off Manila^ Luzon, May 4, 189S. 

Sib: I have fhe honor to submit the following report of the opera- 
tioiis of this vessel of your squadron daring the engagement with the 
Spanish squadron and shore batteries at Oavitei near Manila, on the 
lingof May 1,1898: 

At wont 12.10 a. m. of May I, when passing in column, natural order, 

^eait of El Fraile Island, at the entrance to the bay, I observed a 
I, as of a signal thereon, and at about 12.15 a. m. a shot was fired 
ftom El Fraile, passing, as I think, diagonally between the Petrel and 
tfela TesseL A shot was fired in return, but without effect, by the star- 
board after 5-inc'h gun of this vessel. 

At 5 a. m., when the s<iuadron was nearly abreast the city of Manila 
aod the flagship was turning to pass down toward Oavite, the Lunetta 
Battery, of apparently heavy guns, at Manila, opened fire and con- 
tinaed so long as the squadron was in action. This vessel shifted posi- 
tioD from starboard to port (inside) quarter of the Baltimore, and held 
that position until retired at 7.33 a. m. At a few minutes after 5 a. m. 
this vessel, so soon as the Spatiish vessels at Cavite bore on the port 
bow, opened fire with the 6-inch gun, and then with the 5-inch guns in 
■Meession, as fast aH they would bear. The secondary battery guns 
did not seem to reacli the enemy, and their fire was soon stopped and 
aot again used until the distance was considerably lessened. At 11.20 
a nu, when signal was nia<1e to reengage, this vessel started ahea<l lull 
•peed (using reserve speed) to keep up with the flagship, but it was 
found to be impossible, and falling behind all the time, I cut across to 
gain line abreast of Cavite Battery just as the flagship passed the Bal- 
timore at that \yoTU at wliich time we openeil fire with all guns. At 12, 
in obedience to signal, this vessel attempted to get into the inner har- 
bor to destroy enemy's vessels, but getting into shoal water — 20 feet — 
was obliged to withdraw, and so reported. While attempting to get 
inside, the battery was used on an enemy vessel at anchor (supposed 
to be the I>on Antonio de Ulloa) until she sank. Not being able to find 
a channel farther inside, and everything in sight having been destroyed, 
this vessel, at 1.M p. m., withdrew and later anrbored nesir the flagship. 
I inclose a statement of the ammunition expended during the engage- 
■leDt. 

I am very pleased to report that the officers and crew behaved splen- 
didly. Each and every one se<*med anxious to do his whole duty, and, 
so far as I can learn, did it. Their whole conduct was beyond praise. 

This vessel was struck but on<*e, and then by a (>i)ounder shell, which 
paase^l through both sides of the whaleb<»at (above herwat<T line), and 
tlieii glance<l along the cliast* of the starboard 6 pounder on our po<»p. 
The gun was not injured, and the whaleboat but slightly, and she is 
afsin ready for service. 

I am happy to re|N>rt that there were no casualties of any kind. 

This vessel at the close (»f the engagement was in as good condition 
as when it began, an<l without any preparation could have fought it 
over again. 

In oondusion, permit me to congratulate you upon the very brilliant 
vtetoij you achieved over a naval force nearly equa? to your own and 



76 BUREAU OF NATIOATIOK. 

backed by extensive shore batteries of very heavy gans, and this with- 
oat the loss of a single life. History points to no greater achievement. 
Very lespectfnUyi 

J. B. OOGHLANy 

Captain^ IT. S. N.^ Commanding. 

Oommodore Obobgb Dbwby, IT. S. N., 

Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Force^ Asiatic Station. 



119197. 

[Roport of enpigvnent at ManilA Bay May 1, 1808.] 
No. 6.] U. 8. 8. OONOOBD, 

Manila^ May 2^ 1898. 

Sib : In compliance with article 275, United States Navy Kegulations, 
I have to snbmit the following report of the late action so far as this 
vessel was concerned : 

In obedience to your orders I took position in line. In passing the 
city a big gnn opened on the fleet, to which I replied with two shots. 
The Concord held her position in tne line until your order to withdraw 
from action. 

Later in the day I was ordered by yon to bum a transport. To arrive 
at the position of the transport my course lay so as to open the dock- 
yard and vessels therein, at which I took a few shots with the 6-inch 
battery. I succeeded in nring the transport, which is still in flames. 

Each and every one of my subordinates did his whole duty with an 
enthusiasm and zeal beyond all praise. I am particularly indebted to 
the executive officer, Lieut Commander George P. Oolvocoresses, for the 
cool, deliberate, and efficient manner with which he met each phase of 
the action, and for his hearty cooperation in my plans. Lieut. T. B. 
Howard, the navigator, proved that, like his father, he was ready to 
offer his life to his country and flag. The officers of divisions — Lieut. 
P. W. Hourigan, powder; Lieut, (j. g.) 0. M. McGormick, third gun; 
Ensign L. A. Kaiser, second gun, and Ensign W. 0. Davidson, first 
gun — ^performed every duty with zeal and alacrity. Ensign O. S. 
Enepper, in charge of signals, performed the duty as though he were 
in the dailv habit of being under fire. P. A. Paymaster E. D. Byan 
volunteered to take charge of the after powder division, and was most 
useful therein. The steam department, under Ohief Ilngineer G. B. 
Ransom and P. A. Engineer H. W. Jones, was in a x>erfect condition, 
working as though on parade. Pay Olerk F. E. Hunt volunteered to 
assist the surgeon. The crew, one and all, worked with enthusiasm. 
I have nothing but praise for each and every man. 

I am happy to report that there were no casualties. The Concord 
was not hit. 

The following is a list of the ammunition exi>ended : One hundred and 
fifteen 6-inch full charges, sixty-seven 6-inch reduced charges, six shrap- 
nel, one hundred and seventy-six 6-inch common shell, two hundred 
and twenty 6-pounder cartridges, one hundred and twenty 3-pounder 
cartridges, and sixty 1-pounder cartridges. 

I inclose a list of the ammunition remaining on board; also the report 
of the executive officer and of the chief engineer. 
Very respectftdlyi 

ASA Walkbb, 
Commander, JJ. 8. JT., Commanding. 

The OoMMANDEB IN Ohiep U. S. Naval Forob, 

Asiatic Station. 



BURBA.U OF NAVIGATION.. 77 

U. S. S. CoNCOBD, 8d Rats, 

Manila Ba$, May S, 1898. 

Sut: 1 haT6 the honor to Bubmit the foIlowiDg report of the motion in Manila Bay: 

Aft 12^ a. m., May 1, 1898, the Concord^ being in her airigned position in the col- 
nnm and oleared for action, entered the Boca Grande. Wnile passing £1 Fraile a 
rock«t was fired and soon followed by a shot from a battery on shore. This ship 
reftmned the Are. A second shot from the battery passed between oar main and mis- 
UB maats and oirer. We fired again, after which the battery did not reply. 

At 12.46 a. m. we fired at a moTing light on the startxiud quarter, and it was 
extinguished. 

At &06 a. m., while approaching the anchorage off Manila, we were fired upon by 
a shore battery and two shots were exchanged ; we also fired at a supposed torpedo 
boat that ran out frt>m CaTite and was sank by the Olympiad % guns. Another boat 
made for tha OlymfiOj bnt meeting a warm reception, tnmed, ran on the beach, and 
waa abandoned. 

Tbe eanadron, ia splendid order, tomed to the right when off the ci^ and 
advanoea on the Spanish fleet, whidi appeared in line of battle off Sangley Pointy 
in Cafiacao Bay. They opened upon ns at once, bnt most of their shots feU short. 
As we steamed past the enemy's line each Tcssel of our sqaadron delivered fire from 
her port battery and the effect was soon apparent. The ensisn of a omiser. which 
we took to be the Rdima CrUfima^ was shot away, bnt hoisted ^fp^ >nd we took 
fire at 7.25 a. m., apparently from the effects of a shell from the CcmeanP$ third divi- 
■ion, and the fixe nose could be seen playing aloft. 

Three oomplete tarns were made by our sqaadron in front of the enemy's line^ 
the ships firing wheneyer the gone would bear. 

At 7.40 a. m. we ceased firing, in obedience to signal from the commander in chief, 
sod at 8.10 a. m. the crews went to breakfast. At this time several of the enemy's 
•hips were in flames and explosions took place on board one of them; some were 
sinlungand others withdrawing for protection behind CaQacac and Cavite. 

At 8^, in obedience to a signal from the flagship, "C<moord, go in and see what 
ships are on fire," this yessel promptly proceeded toward the Spanish line, but the 
order was annulled. 

At 9.25 a loud report was heard, which came fh>m one of the Spanish cruisers, and 
was followed by fiames and smoke. 

At 11.45 a.m.oar squadron again stood in for the enemy, when signal was made 
fior the Csaoprd to destroy a large transport that was anchored well inside in shallow 
water and where there were a number of fish weirs. In passing we fired with great 
effect at the curtain of the fort at Cavite and at two Spanish vessels. At this time 
the battery work of all our divisions was most excellent, exhibiting all the coolness 
and precision of ordinary target practice. On arriving within 2,500 vards of the 
transport we commenced firing with main and secondary batteries, ana at the first 
round about ten boats loaded with men were seen to leave her and land on the beach. 

At i2.1S not a Spanish flas was flying in the harbor except from the staff of the 
ionken cruiser Do% Antonio De Ulloa, submerged behind Sangley Point: the Beina 
CkrUHma was a mass of flames and sunk near &e bastion at Cavite, and the Caiiilla 
waa homing rapidly in Caflaoao Bav. The remaining vessels of the Spanish fleet 
sought refuse behind the arsenal ana several of them were on fire; the guns at the 
CaTite and Sangley batteries had almost ceased firing, and a white fiag appeared on 
the shears at the arsenal. 

The Ceacord continued fliring at the transport in obedience to signal, and to hasten 
operations the first cutter and whaleboat, in charge of Ensigns Kaiser and Davidson, 
armed for cutting out, were got into the water, the former from the skid beams. 
with the greatest promptitude and provided with inflammables, bnt before they had 
gone any distance it was discovered that the transport was on fire and the boats 
were recalled and hoisted in. At 1.45 we started to rejoin the sonadron, but were 
ordered to go to the Petrei at Cavite^ where she had been f<eut to destroy the vessels 
at the arsenaL She signaled as we anchored, " Have destroyed eight vessels here." 
White flags were flying at various points on shore and there was no longer any 
resistance. 

The Boteoa Joined us at 5.90. 

Ihiring the engagement a number of shot and shell passed over and near ns, but 
neither the Tcsael nor her crew received damage from the enemy. 

The blocks of the whaleboaf s falls and a chest hanging over the quarter, several 
panea of glass, and some crockery were injured by the concussion of our own guns. 

The sOM, energy, and steadiness displayed by all the men and officers while under 
fire are deserving of the greatest praise, and the thorough and efficient working of 
the battery, the promptness of the ammunition supply, the completeness of prepa 
rations for we care of the sick and wounded, aud the perfect working of the eugiiioa 



#> -* 



78 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

and mechanical deyioes rafleot the hiffheet credit apon each of the ofRoen of diTiBlons 
and heads of departments of the ship under your command. 
Bespectfally, yonr ohedient seryant, 

O. P. COLVOCORBSSES, 

HeuUnani-Commander, U» S, N,, and JSxwuHve Officer » 
Commander Aba WalkxRi 

Commanding Concord, 



119197.] 

[Report of Mtkm of Iffulla Bay, May 1« ISM.] 

U. S. S. BALTIMORB, 

Manila^ Philippine Islands^ May 4y 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to make the following report, as required by 
article 437, Navy Begnlations, of the engagement of this ship with the 
Spanish fleet and shore batteries at Sangley Point, Oavite Bay, on 
the Ist instant. 

At early daylight the fleet had reached a point close np to the shipping 
off the city of Manila, when the signal was made, ^< Prepare for gen- 
eral action." Spanish batteries near Old Manila opened fire at long 
range at aboat the same time. Flagship leading, with port helm, bore 
down on the right of Spanish line of vessels, formed in a somewhat 
irregular crescent at anchor, extending from off Sangley Point to the 
northeast, and in readiness to receive us, their left supported by the 
batteries on Sangley Point. 

Following your lead in close order, our fire commenced with the port 
battery at about 5.40 a. m., at a distance of about 6,000 yards. 

Our column passed down the enemy's line, turning with port helm as 
their left was reached, engaging them with starboard battery on the 
return. This maneuver was performed three times at distances from 
the enemy's ships varying from 2,600 to 5,000 yao^ds, when you signaled 
to "withdraw from action" at 7, '6. 

Upon reaching a convenient distance in the bay, you signaled, "Let 
the people go to breakfast;" and at 8.40, "Commanding officers repair 
on board the flagship." 

While on board the flagship I received an order to intercept a steamer 
coming np the bay, repotted to be flying Spanish colors. 

Soon after starting on this duty I discovered the colors of the stranger 
to be British, and so reported by signal, you having in the meantime 
made general signal to get under way and follow your motions, this ship 
being at the time some 2 miles to the south-southwest of the flagship on 
her way to intercept the supposed Spanish steamer. 

At 10.55 you made general signal, "Designated vessel will lead," with 
Baltimore's distinguishing pennant, and in a few minutes signal to 
"attack the enemy's batteries or earthworks" and for fleet to "close 
up;" in obedience to which order this ship led in, with starboard helm, 
to a position oft' the Oanacoa and Sangley Point batteries and opened 
fire with starboard battery at a distance of about 2,800 yards, closing 
in to 2,200, between which and 2,700 yards our best work was done, 
slowing the shi)> dead slow, stopping the engines as range was obtained, 
delivering a rapid and accurate tire upon the shore batteries and a gun- 
boat just inside of Sangley Point, since proven to have been the Don 
Antonio de {T/^oa, practically silencing the batteries in question before 
the fire of another ship became eflective, owing to the lead we had 
obtained in our start for the supposed Spanish steamer. 

The fire of ships and batteries having been silenced and the white 



BUREAU OF NAVIOAllON. 79 

flag displayed on the arsenal baildings at Oavite, yon signaled, at 1*20, 
to ^^ prepare to anchor,'' and at 1.30, <^ Anchor at diBcretton." 

The victory was complete. 

The wind was light and variable dnriDg the first engagement and 
from the northeast; force 2 to 3 daring the second. 

The firing devices gave considerable tronble, extractors, sear springs, 
and firing pins bending and breaking, and wedge blocks jamming. 
Klectrio firing attachments gave trouble by the grease and dirt inci- 
dent to firing insulating the connections, so much so that shortly after 
the engagement commenced they were abandoned for percussion, but 
coolness and steadiness replaced defective parts in the shortest possible 
time. 

The ammunition supply was ample, and the test was conclusive so 
long as electric hoists are uninjured. 

The behavior of officers and men was beyond all praise. The accuracy 
and rapidity of their fire you were an eyewitness o£ The steadiness 
and oool bearing of all on board who came under my observation was 
that of veterans. 

The fact that the ship was so rarely hit gave few opportunities for 
conspioious acts of heroism or daring, but the enthusiasm and cool 
steadiness of the men gave promise that they would have been equal 
to any emergency. 

I shall report later such detail of individual merit as has been men- 
tioned by officers of divisions or that came under my own observation. 

I inclose (a) report of executive officer; (ft) surgeon's report of casu- 
alties; (c) carpenter's report of damages; (d) report of anminnition 
expended. 

Very respectfully, N. M. Dtxb, 

Oapiainj U. 8. N.j OinnmoMingm 

The GoKMANDEB IN Ohisf XJ. S. Navaj. Foboe, 

Asiatie StoHan, 



U. 8. 8. Baltimorb, 

Of MamUa, Ma$ 5, t898. 

Sim: In eompHftnoe with artiele 525, United States Nayy Begolstions, I have the 
ibllowing report to tabmit of the action of May 1, at Cayite : 
The BdiHimofM was engaged twice daring the day in rompany with the other 

The 



yeeeela of the squadron. The action of the battery and the oondnct of aU con- 
nected with it and its senrice were admirable. It is difficult to discriminate where 
coolness and efficienoT preyaUed throughout the ship's company. The spirit and 
readiness of aU were in the lughest degree commendable. The seryice of the gnus 
and the deliyery of ammunition were most prompt, and the experience has indicated 
to me that when occasion demands, the supply of ammunition is sufficient to meet 
allprobable wants. 

The BaUimort waa struck fiye times, with small proiectiles, all of which, with one 
exception, exploded or broke up. The most serious nit, happily attended with no 
serious injury to any officer or man, came from a 4.7-inch steel projectile, which 
entered the ship's side forward of the starboard gangway, aboat a foot aboye the 
line of the main deck. It passed through the hammock netting, downward through 
the doek planks and steel aeck, bending and cracking deck beun in wardroom state- 
room Mo. 5, then glanced upward through the after engine room coamins, oyer 
against the after cylinder of No. 3 6-inch gun (port), carryiuff away lug and start- 
ing seyeral dbddd bolts and puttlns the gun out of commission ; deflected oyer to 
the starboard side, striking a yentuator ladder and dropping on deck. In its pas- 
sage it struck a box of 3-pounder ammunition of the fourth diyision, exploding 
•sveral eharges, and wounded Lieutenant Kellogg, Ensi^ Irwin, and 6 men of the 
gun's craw— oone yery seriously. A seoond shot came in about a foot aboye the 
berth deek, fust forward of the blowers, passed through the 'thwart-ship alleyway, 
hitting the Mxhauat pipe of the starbourd blower, oausiug a slight leak. A third 



80 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

■hot stniek about 9 feet aboye the water line on tho pott lid^ abreoot bunker 
B-110, passed Into the banker^ cntting blower drain and main air dnet, and explod 
ins in bunker. A fourth shot oame in aboat 6 feet aboTO the berlh deck, starboard 
■ioe, abreast the forward end of the forward wash room, and broke np in a olothes 
looker. A fifth struck the starboard forward Tentilator. slightly bending it. 

The upper cabin skylight, the after range finder, and the two whaleboato hang- 
ing at the davits were all destroyed by the shook of ditchaige fh>m the 8-inoh gona 
of the second division. 

The holes in the port tide were temporarily plugged with leak stoppers and after- 
wards patched witn rabber and iron patohea. 

No. 4 gun was got ready for nae by the aflexnoon of May 2, Ensign N. E. Irwin 
devoting intelligent personal efforta to the aooompUahment of the work, 
y ery reapeotftuly, 

J. B. Bsioos, 

The COMICAHDXNG OWZOBB. 



119197. 

[B«port of action »t ICsoila Bay, lisy 1, UM.] 

XJ. S. 8. Pbtbel, 
Manila Bay^ May 4y 1698. 

Sib: I respeotfiilly report as follows oonoeming my share in the 
action fongbt by the fleet under yonr command in Manila Bay, off 
Oavite, on the morning of May 1, 1898: 

The ship had been partly cleared for action at Hongkong and on the 
mn to Msuiila. Went to quarters for action at 9.45 p. m. of April 30, 
and all preparations were completed. Hammocks were not piped down, 
but men were allowed to sleep at their guns. 

Tho position of Petrel was fourth firom head of column, astern of 
Baleigh and ahead of Concord. We passed in through Boco Grande, 
about 1 mile from El Fraile. AU lights were maskra and only stern 
lights showing. At 11.10 a rocket and light were shown from Oorregidor 
Islandy and just as the Baleigh and Petrel came abreast El Fraile three 
shots were fired from a shore battery on the rook^ese being promptly 
replied to by the Baleighj Concord^ and Boston. We steamed slowly up 
the bay, and just as day was breaking, about 5 o'clock, the shore bat^ 
teries below Manila began firing. It was scarcely light enough to dis- 
tinguish signals from this vessel when flagship made dgnal to *^ Prepare 
for action," so signal was repeated from the Baltimore. During time 
column was forming and closing up, tho batteries from below Manila 
were firing. As flagship stood to southward the ships and batteries at 
Gavite began their firing, and gradually, as we approached, we could 
make out ships under way in harbor and three guns on shore firing. 
The battery of this vessel began firing at 5.22 by the deck dock at a 
range of 5,000 yards. 

The column circled three times from east to west in ftt>nt of shore, stand- 
ing in a little nearer each time, the first time being 3,000 yards and the 
third time 1,800 yards. During these three rounds this vessel exx)ended 
ninety-two 6-inch common shells, eighty-two 6-inch full charges, ten 
reduced charges, and two hundred and fitl^-three 3-pounders. Several 
times during rounds had to cease firing on account of smoke and in 
order to economize ammunition. The greater part of our great-gun fire 
was at the Reina Christina and Castillaj the former steaming around 
the harbor and the latter anchored about 500 yards off Sangley Point; 
but the other and smaller vessels were fired at when opportunity offered. 
Especially was the fire of the rapid-fire guns aimed at a yeUow launch, 
which was apparently a torpedo boat trying to turn our flank. The 



BUBKAU OF NAYIOATION. 81 

BftTigator, lieat^ B. A. Fiske, waa stationed in the top with a etadi- 
meter to determine ^e distance and report npon the efficiency of the 



At 7JS0 we ceased firing and withdrew from action in obedience to a 
mgBMl from flafpahip to fleet to that effect. The men were given their 
breakfast. While withdrawing the enemy continued firing nntU we 
were well ont of range, and the batteries below Manila were firing at 
intervals during breakfast. At 11, when the signal was made to get 
nndeor way, the PeirM followed Olympia and stood well in. WJ^e 
steaming across the fire the signal was hoisted for the Petrel to pass 
inside. 

This vessel left her station, passed outside of JBotttsiore, and rounded 
Sangley Point about 500 yaras outside of where CattiUa was burning. 
The fire was then Erected at the Dim AnUmio de I77Ioa, and when it 
was found that she was sinking and deserted, the ship pasised fhrther 
inside and opened fire upon the ships behind inner breakwater and 
whose masts were seen above government buildings. During the firing 
on the UUoa a white flag with a Geneva cross was disooverw in range 
with her, and I stood in further so as to get it outof range. After t£e 
first two or three shots fired through the public building at ships behind 
the mole, the Spanish flag was, at 12.30 p. nu, hauled down and a white 
fl^ run up. The surrender was immediately signaled to fleet and firing 



In obedience to a signal firom flagship to destroy all shipping in the 
harbor, Lieutenant Hughes was sent with a whaleboat^s crew of seven 
men, this whaleboat b^g the only one on the ship which would float, 
and set fire to the Don Juan de Austria^ Tela de Ouba^ lela de LuMon, 
OemertU LezOy and Marquee del Duero. Afterwards Ensign Fermier was 
sent to set fire to the Velaeeo and El Carreo. The lela de Oubaj Tela de 
Lusanj and Dim Juan de Austria were aground and fhll of water when 
tli^ were fired. Their outboard vidves were opened and the ships 
allowed to filL The breech plugs of 4-inch guns had been taken off and 
could not be found. During the night tiie magazines of the Dim Juam 
de Austria blew up. The Manila was not burned because tiie Spanish 
officers begged that she be not destroyed because she was unarmed and 
a coast-survey vesseL lieutenant Fiske and Passed Assistant Bngi- 
neer Hall raised steam on the ship this morning, the 4th instant, and 
brought her out. At the time she was aground. The Dim Antonio de 
UUoa was sunk and the Beina Ohrietina and OaetiUa were burning in 
outer harbor. 

Lieutenant Fiske was sent ashore and brought off two tugboats, the 
Sanido and HerouUe^ and three steam launches. 

1 was anchored in Oavite harbor from 12JM to 5^ p. m., when I got 
under way and returned to the fleet. 

Tbere were no casualties or accidents of any kind, the ship having 
been stnu^ only once just beneath hawse pipe by a piece of shefi 
which burst just as it sank, and threw a column of water over the 
fbrecastle. 

After the white flag was displayed, there was apparently the great- 
est conftasion in the arsenal Parts of the crews of the various ships 
were there, and all were armed and were constantly fUling in and 
moving about ^ yet there was no evidence of any desire to continue the 
fi|^tii^t and instead of anv resistance being offered to the destruction 
of the sliips, they were rauier inclined to a^st with their adviee and 
evinced a desire to surrender to the first officer they met. 



82 BUREAU OF NAYIGATION. 

The action of ammnnition was exceedingly good. There was 
exx)ended during action, one hundred and thirteen 6-inch common 
shells, three 6-inch armor-piercing shells, eighty-two 6inch fall charges, 
thirty-four 6-inch reduced charges and three hundred and thirteen 
S-pounder ammunition. Owing to the heat due to firing, the pads 
swelled and made it very difficult to lock the breech plug. Nothing 
would remedy this save shifting plugs, replacing hot plug by the one 
from the other gun which was cool. The wedge of firing lock jammed 
frequently, due to hot parts. This was remedied by shifting locks. 

The percussion primers worked very unsatisftctorily; sometimes four 

E rimers would be expended before one would act. Primers leaked 
adly, causing excessive deposit in primer seat, hard extraction, and 
delay in priming of gun and requiring frequent boring of vent. 

The action of no one can be censured, the conduct of each and every 
officer and man being excellent. There was no confiision ; I should say 
less than at ordinary target practice. 

The loading was rapidly done and the firing was deliberate. Due to 
your caution to commanding officers that no ammunition should be 
wasted. Lieutenant Plunkett fired the forward 6-inch guns and Ensign 
Fermier the after ones, and the work was thoroughly done. Lieuten- 
ant Hughes stationed himself on the poop, as it was deemed essential 
that he should not be with the commanding officer on the bridge. He 
materially assisted Ensign Fermier by observing fall of shot and ten- 
dering advice regarding pointing. I wish particularly to call to your 
attention Lieutenant Hughes, his gallantry in taking a boat's crew of 
seven men and in the foce of a large armed force on shore setting fire 
to the five ships before mentioned. He was aware that he had the only 
boat in the ship which would float, until the steam whaleboat could be 
prepared. 

Lieutenant Fiske stationed himself on the fbre cross trees with sta- 
dimeter to measure the range and report on the fall of shots. He also 
took charge of the steam whaleboat to cover Lieutenant Hughes in his 
operations in burning the ships. 

Lieutenant Wood had charge of the powder division, assisted in the 
after part by Assistant Paymaster Seibels. There was at no time a halt 
in the firing due to failure of the powder division. 

Ensign Montgomery was in charge of the signals, and materially 
assisted me on the bridge. He also directed the fire of the forward ^ 
pounder when it was allowed to be fired. He also afforded assistance 
to Lieutenant Plunkett by observing the £eJ1 of shots from the forward 
6-inch guns. 

I desire also to mention the efficient service of the engines. In order 
to maintain our position and to take advantage of every opportunity, 
the engine telegraph was in constant use from frdl speed to stop, ana 
the engine never &iled to respond in the quickest time possible. This 
I consider to be due to the high state of efficiency of that department, 
and the whole credit is due to Passed Assistant Engineer Hall. 

I can make no statement regarding the services of Passed Assistant 
Burgeon Brownell, as the Petrel was most fortunate in having no 
casualties. 

I inclose the report of the executive officer. 

Very respectfdlly, E. P. Wood, 

Oommanderj TT, 8, J^., Oommanding^ 

The OOMMAI^DEB IN OHIEF U. S. FAVAIi FOBCE, 

Asiatic Station. 



BUREAU OF MAYIQATION. 83 

U. 8. 8. PSTRKL, 

Og CvB^ MwMa Ba^, ir«y f , 1898. 

8im: In AMordMioe with the leanirements of artiole 525, U. 8. Navy BegolatiQiiay 
I hftTo the honor to rabmit the following report oonceminir the part taken by this 
▼easel in the general action fooght yesterday off CavitOb in Manila Bay : 

The ship was gradnallT oleared for action, thU work navinff been benui in Hong- 
koag; when the fore and foretopsail yards, fore trysail nff, ladders, curing ontfltL 
part d the running risging. etc., were plaised on board the transport KamMmmj and 
oompleted tiie day beiMe the squadron entered Manila Bay. In the operation of 
preparing the ship for action certain articles and material in the equipment and oon- 
iiHAiittiwn denartnents were necessarily thrown orerboard. Among these may be 
— itianed all of the Tarnishes, inflammable paints and oils, tar, turpentine, etc., 
lomber, two boats' strong backs, one turpentine chest, one ice chest, one large ham- 
■Mck bos, the carpenteA bench, etc. During the action the discharge of the after 
•-in^ guns shattered the gig and first whaleM>at and they were cut adrift, carding 
with thsm their outfits oomplete. These bo^ts haye been temporaiily replnoed by 
two talren from the enemy. 

Mo deoeription of the maneuyeis during the action is included in this report. As 
regards the Psfrvl, the first shot was fired at 5.22 a. m. and the last one, before haul- 
lag off fiir breakfitft, was fired at 7.90 a. m. The times of beginning and finishing 
the firing during the second part of the action were, rs^eetirely, IIM a. m. and 



12.90 p^m., at wnioh latter tiine the 8paniBh fiag on the arsenal sheers in CaTite was 
haoleiddown. 

Tlie return of ammunition expended will be made by the ordnance ofiicer; but» 
•pprazimntely, about one-third of the entire supply on board for the fi-indh guns 
was saqpended, Ineluding a laxge proportion of common shell and ftiU charges. 8o 
&r as could be obserred, the fuses acted exceedingly weU^ all the shell bursting. 
Some complaint was made by the ofiieen commanding gun diTisions that the primers 
fkequAntly fhiled^ both elecme and percussion. 

ne beuing of all on board was satisfitctorr in the extreme, and I can specially call 
attention to no one in this connection. With little excitement, a quiet enthuMSsm 
mid the utmost steadinem prerailed throughout the ship's company. The praetioe 
ef the gun captains was excellent, being both deliberate and preciM. 

After the action was orer, in obedience to vour instructions, boat* s erews from this 
Tsasal burned tlie f<dlowing Spsnish ships lying in CaTite harbor : The nroteeted 
craisen Dea Jntm di Amttriti, 1,160 tons; l9la ds Zavea, L050 tons; /tie di (hOm, 1,060 
tons; tiie gunboats O m mu l Lm; 520 tons; Mttrftm del JDmmr^ 500 tons; Si Csmo^ 
and ooe (not engined) name unknown. 

On r^oining ue squadron the Psirsi towed from CaTite to the anchorage off Manila 
two small tugs— the JKspids and Her t ml m a n d three steam laaBches, whioh were 
this momini^ turned OTor to the flagship. 

No casualties oecurred on board. The Tessd was not hit^ ssto for a scratch on the 
and no repairs will be necessary. That part of the equipment sacrificed in 



slaaring Un action should be replaced. 

y ery lespectfhlly, Edwd. M. Huohbs, 

lAtmUmmntf U. 8, 2f.f Jgarsoulles OJUer, 
The OoMMAHsore Qmoss, 

r. S. & Psirsl. 



119197. 

IBiiCfft «f MtlaB at MsBihk B^r. ICiy 1« UN.] 



U. 8. 8. Boston, 2d Ratb, 
Port Oamtej MamUa Ba^j Ma/ji 3^ 1898. 

SiB: I luiTe the honor to sabmit the following report of the part 
taken by this yeseel in the late action with the Spanish fleet on the 
morning of May !• 

At daylight the merchant ships off Manila were seen, and soon after 
the Bpaxdsh fleet, dose in to Oavite. This ressel was the sixth in the 
eohimn and brooght np the rear. Several shoto were flred by the bat- 
teries in Manila, and two shoto were giyen in reply. At 5.35 [a. nu] action 
with the enemy commenced and was continned at varying distances, 
steaming in a cirele, nntil 7.35 a. m., firing with a fiur degree of delibera- 
tion and accuracy. At times the smoke was dense, interfering very 
materially with maneayering and 



84 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

The Spanish fleet and shore batteries replied vigorously, and an 
attempt was made with an improvised torpedo boat, bat our fire was 
overpowering and the enemy received heavy damage and loss. 

In obedience to signal, I withdrew from action at 7.35 and gave the 
crew breakfast and rest. 

At 11.10 the action was renewed and continued until the enemy 
ceased firing and his ships were all burned, sunk, or withdrawn behind 
the arsenal of Gavite. 

This vessel was struck four times by enemy's shot, doing no material 
damage. Our own fire destroyed three of our own boats and badly 
damaged three others. 

No casualties occurred. 

The conduct of officers and men on this trying occasion was of the 
very highest quality, and they bore themselves with courage and spirit 
and entirely to my satisfaction. It also gives me pleasure to bear wit- 
ness to the courage and resolution of the Spanish fleet and to say that 
they defended themselves creditably. 

Very respectfully, Frank Wildes, 

Captain^ U. B. N.^ Commanding. 

The OOMMANDEB IN OHIEF, 

Commanding U. 8. Naval Force on Asiatic Station. 



U. S. S. Boston, 2d Rate, 

Manila Bay, May 1, 1898, 

Sir: In aocordsnoe with «rtiole No. 525, U. 8. Navy Regnlstions of 1898, 1 have the 
honor to make the foUowing report of the noteworthy incidents which came nnder 
my obeenration on board this ship durinff the engagement this day with the Spanish 
fleet and shore batteries at Cavite. This vessel being stationed at the rear of the 
eolnmn, did not come into action until after the other ships. Firing commenced 
from the port main battery at 5.85, and continued until 7.85 a. m. The quantity of 
ammunition on board at the beginning was as follows: 

Main battery : 

Full oharffes, 8-inch B. L. S 77 

Reduced charges, 8-inch B.L.H 91 

Armor-piercing shells, 8-inch B.L.K 40 

Common shells, 8-inoh B.L.B 147 

Full charges, 6-inch B. L. H 254 

Beduoed charges. 6-inoh B. L. B...... .......................... ........ 138 

Armor-piercing snells, 6-indi B.L.B 60 

Common shells, 6-inch B. L. B : 853 

Shrapnel, 6-inch B.L.B 4 

Beoondaiy battery : 

Steel shell, 6-pounderR.F 66S 

Common sheU, 6-pounder B. F 406 

Steelshell, 1-pounderB.F 800 

Common shell, 1-pounderB.F 258 

CaUber, .45 56,660 

CaUber, .88 16,100 

Steel sheU, 8-pounder B.F 608 

Common shell, 8-pounder B.F 482 

Steel shell. 47-millimeter 576, 

Common snell, 47-millimeter 513 

Steel shell. S7-millimeter 700 

Common sneU, 87-inillimeter 1,193 

The gans were served rapidly and welL There being no quick and accurate method 
of finding the ranflre, it was found that a considerable number of the shots apparently 
fbU short. Had ttie ship been provided with a range finder the effectiveness of the 
firing would have been somewhat increased; as it was, the result was generallT 
good. After passing the enemy a countermarch was made, and fire was opened with 
toe starboiud battexy. This manenver was repeated several times, until the enemy 






BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 85 

to be silenced. During this part of the engagement tail charges with eom- 
aon shell were used in all f^rns of the main battery. The gnns generally worked 
walL bat after an hour's fighting it was foond that most of uie breech plngl of the 
6 and 8 inch gnns were expanded by the heat, so as to make it a somewnat difflenli 
operation to elose the breech. After firing tne forward 8-ineh for half an hour it 
was found necessary to pnt in a new gas-cheek pad, and the firing was then eon- 
tiaaod. The wire breeohmffs of No. 3 S-mch gnn (starboard) were carried away near 
tiie end of the firing. The lock of No. 8 6-inch (port) was disabled and a spare one 
•abstitated. The Tent of the port after 6>inch became choked up about the end of 
the first engagement^ and a spare mushroom was substituted. At 7.35 the fleet 
haoled off lor a rest and consultation. The enemVs ship Bmma Ckriatina and the 
•mailer Tessels had withdrawn behind the point and were on fire. The Ca$Hlla was 
apparentlT aground. This latter ressel was set on fire and abandoned by the enemy. 

The aeiion was resumed at 11.10 a. m., the starboard battery being first engaged. 
The reply was principally ftom the forts, but these were soon silenced. Adrantage 
had been taken of the internal to pnt the battery in order a^u. The breeohings 
•n No. S 6-ineh were replaced by the gunner's mate of the division. The guns were 

"~ Tory hot^ and the breech plugs became still harder to work. The forward 8-ineh 
was put out of commission for about twenty minutes £rom this cause. At 12.20 
ship was turned around and the port battery brought into plaj« At 12.40 p. m. 
''oease firing'' was sounded, a white fiag having been raised at Cavite. 

During the whole engagement the ammunition supply was kept up in a highly 
efllcient manner. As soon as a gun was fired, another charge was on nand. It was 
intensely hot on the berth deck and in the magazines and shell rooms. Seyeral of 
the after powder division were temporarily disabled from this cause, and men had 
to be t^en from the seoond and third divisions to fill their places. 

Hie following quantity of ammunition remained on hand at the end of the action : 

8-ineh ftill charges, B. L. S 81 

ft-inch lull charges, B.L.S 93 

8-inch reduced charges, B. L. B...... ...... .... ...... ...... .. .... ...... ...... 89 

6-ineh reduced charges, B.L.S 137 

6-poQnder steel shell, R. F 443 

S-poonder steel sheU, B. F 448 

1-ponnder steel shell, R.F 660 

S-ponnder common shell, R.F 482 

47.millimeter common sheU, R. F 513 

^ineh shell, armor piercing, B. L. R.... ...... ................................ 40 

6-ineh shell, armor piercing^. L.R 60 

8-ineh common shell, B. L. R 99 

•-inch common shell. B. L. R 210 

47-millioieter steel shell, R. F 480 

37-millimeter steel shell, R. F 520 

6-pounder common shell, R. F 406 

l-pounder common shelL R. F 258 

STlmillimeter oommon snell, R. F 1,193 

The foUowing very slight ii^nries resulted from the enemy's Are: 4- inch shell 
pierced foremast 13 feet 7 inches above the upper deck, going through from starboard 
to port, euttinc one swifter of standing rigging on port side : one 2-mch sheU pierced 
turtle back 5 net forward of port amidship 6>inch ffun, 5 leet from gun deck; one 
S-inch shell pierced ship's side 14 inches above load Tine, passing through stateroom 
No. 5 on port side, exploding berth and drawers ; one 2-inch shot pierced the outside 
shell of hammock netting on port side abreast after end of chart room, exploding on 
inside among some meirs clothing, setting it on fire; a shell graced aftor part of 
the main topmast, Just above the lower cap. 

The discharge of the after 8-inch gun, when it was pivoted to port and fired across 
the deck, caused great damage in the rooms below on the port side ; the seams of tiie 
deck were opened to some extent. 

Toward the end of the first period of firing the electric-bell system of communica- 
tion with the central station became partially disabled, the shock of the discharge 
breaking the wires. 

The ship's boats were covered with canvas with their sails disposed on the inboard 
side. They received usuries ftx>m the discharge of guns in their vicinity as follows: 

First whaleboat: Side blown out and back broken; complete wreck. 

First ooUer : Starboard quarter blown off; 8 timbers and gunwale broken; plank- 
iiur all over opened and split; oomplete wreck. 

Second cutter: Five planks blown out; bow timbers started, bow sagged; stem 
timbers broken away fitom frMtenings and planking started; seams all opened; com- 
plete wreck. 

TUrd cutter: Whole port quarter broken from frtftenings; can be repaired on 



86 BUBEAU OF NAViaATIOV. 

Sftiling laanoh . Whole starboard strake on port side blown off; one after frame 
broken : can be repaired on board. 

Dingy: Calking started: can be repaired on board. 

Steam launch : Starboard side three planks blo¥m off bow ; wood ends started flrom 
stem; deOk planks started; boat spreio^; planking on starboard side started from 
Dsstenings; oalking generally started; can not be repaired on board. 

There were no oasnalties among the erew. The shell which pierced the foremast 
did not explode, bat scattered small pieces of iron from the mast which slightly 
scratched one or two of the occnpants of the bridge. 

Too mnch can not be said in praise of the conduct of the ojQ&cers and men who came 
tinder my observation. Very nw if any of them had ever been under fire before, but 
their coolness was remarkable. They were fall of zeal, enerffy, and enthnsiasmy and 
were untiring. Where the conduct of all was so commendable it would be impossi- 
ble to single out any individual for special praise. One noteworthy feature was the 
conduct of the Chinese messmen who were stationed in the after powder division. 
While they are usually considered entirely alien in their ideas and are not regarded 
as good fighters, yet in this case they displayed as mnch zeal, bravery, and energy as 
an^ other person. The uninterrupted ammunition supply in the after part of the 
ship was largely due to their efforts. 

The tiiree meo| William Woods, seaman; Charles W. Lenderman and William R. 
White, apprentices, first class, sentenced by general court-martial to terms of impris- 
onment and who were made prisoners at Isxee the day before the engagement, dis- 
played the same zeal, bravery, and energy which oharaoterized the rest of the crew. 
Very respectfully, 

J. A. Nonius, 
LieutenanUCcmmandarf U, S, N,, ExecmtiM Officer, 

The CoMMAin>iNO Officbr, 

U, 8. 8. So9Um, $d Sate, Manila Bay. 



119197. 

[Report of action at MMiUe Bay May 1, 1B96.] 

XJ. S. Steameb MoOullooh, 

Manila Bay, May 3y 1898. 

Sib: Begarding the part taken by this vessel in the naval action of 
Manila Bay at Oavite, on Snnday morning. May 1, 1898, between the 
American and Spanish forces, I have the honor to submit the following 
report: 

Oonstitnting the leading vessel of the reserve squadron the McOul- 
loch was, when fire opened, advanced as closely as was advisable in 
rear of our engaged men of war, in fact, to a point where several shells 
struck c]Ase aboard and others passed overhead, and kept steaming 
slowly to and fro, ready to render any aid in her power, or respond at 
once to any signal from the Olymjfia. A 9-inch hawser was gotten up 
and run aft, should assistance be necessary in case any of our ships 
grounded. At a later hour during the day, just prior to the renewal 
of the attack by our squadron, I intercepted the British mail steamer 
Esmeralda^ in compliance with a signal from the flagship, communicated 
to her commander your orders in regard to his movements, and then pro- 
ceeded to resume my former x>osition of the morning, near the fleet, 
where I remained until the surrender of the enemy. I desire to state 
in conclusion that I was ably seconded by the officers and crew of my 
command in every effort made to be in a state of readiness to carry out 
promptly any orders which might have been signaled tcom your 
flagship. 

BespectfuUy, yours, D. B. Hodgsdon, 

Oaptainj B. (7. /$., Oomma/nding. 

Commodore Oeobge Dewst, F. S. N., 

OiyBMnanM'ng V. 8. Naval Force on Asiatic Station, 



BUBEAU OF NAYIOATIOK. 87 

12104& 

(▲oaout cf United StatM eonanl a* lUniU of battle of lUaOa Baj.j 

Depabthsnt of State, 
Washindtany June 17 j 1898. 

8lB: I have the honor to transmit herewith for yonr information a 
copy of an nnnnmbered dispatch of tlie 4th nltimo from the cousnl at 
Manila, Philippine IslandSi giving an account of the battle of Manila 

Respectfully, yours, William ». Day. 

The SSO&BTABT OF THB KAYY. 



[Spedal-TT. a a BottMiort.] 
GONSULATS OF THE UNITED STATES, 

Bay of ManilOj Philippine lelande^ Mwg 4y 1898. 

Siv: I have the honor to briefly report to you concerning the battle 
of Manila Bay, fought on May 1, 1896. 

Heeding your mandate, and by repeated request of Commodore 
George I^wey, of the United States Asiatic Squadron, I left Manila 
on Saturday, April 23, and on Wednesday, AprU 27^t about 1 o'clock 
p. m.^ boarded the flagship Olympian in Mirs Bay, in JBlongkong. After 
meeting the Commodore and his captains and commanders in council, 
the Commodore at once ordered his fleet to start at 2 p. m* for Manila 
Bay. 

On Saturday, April 30, Subig Bay was reconnoitered because of 
repo r te d hiding of Spanish fleet in its inner harbor, but no fleet being 
there found, the Commodore proceeded at once to the south channel 
entrance to ManOa Bay, and while by many reports mines, torpedoes, 
and land defenses obstructed entrance, yet the flagship led the van, 
and between 10 p. m^ April 30, and 2 a. m., May 1, our fleet of six 
war ships, one dispatch boat, and two coaMaden transports passed all 
ehannel dangers unharmed, despite shots firom forts, and at 2 a. m. 
were all safe on the broad expanse of Manila Bay. 

After my departure April 23, and by drawing Are, to save Manila if 
possible, aU Spanish war ships went to their strongly fortified naval 
station at Cavite, where the inner harbor gave refuge, and where poten- 
tial support could be had firom scYeral forts and well-equipped batteries 
whidi extended several miles right and left from Port Cavite. 

At about 5.30 a. m., Sunday, May 1, the Spanish guns opened flre at 
both the Manila breakwater battery and at Cavite, from fleet and forts. 

With magnificent coolness and order, but with the greatest prompt- 
ness, our fleet) in battle array, headed by the flagship, answered tiie 
Spanish attack, and for about two and a half hours a most terrific flre 
ensued. 

The method of our oi>erations could not have shown greater system, 
our guns greater effectiveness, or our officers and crews greater bravery ; 
and while Spanish resistance was stubborn and the bravery of Span- 
ish forces such as to challenge admiration, yet ttiey were outclassed, 
weighed in the balance of war against the mettiods, training, aim, and 
bravery shown on our decks, and after less than three hours' perilous 
and intense oombat one of Spain's war ships was sinking, two others 



88 BUREAU OF NAVIGATIOK. 

were burning, and all others^ with land defenses, had severely suffered, 
when our sqnadron, with no harm done its ships, retired for breakfast 

At abont 10 o'clock a. m. Oommodore Dewey renewed the battle, and 
with effects most fatal with each evolntion. 

Fo better evidence of Spanish bravery need be sought than that 
after the castigation of our first engagement, her ships and forts shoala 
again answer oar fire. But Spanish efforts were fntile. Ship after ship 
and battery after battery went to destrnction before the onslaught of 
American energy and training, and an hour and a half of our second 
engagement wrought the annihilation of the Spanish fleet and forts, 
with teveral hundred Spaniards killed and wounded and millions in 
value of their Government's property destroyed. While amazing, 
almost unbelievable, as it seems, not a ship or gun of our fleet hwi 
been disabled, and, except on the Baltimore^ not a man had been hurt 

One of the crew of the Baltimore had a leg iGractured by slipping and 
another hurt in the ankle in a similar manner, while four received slight 
flesh wounds from splinters thrown by a 6-inch projectile, which pierced 
the starboard side of the cruiser. 

But in the battle of Manila Bay the United States squadron of six 
war ships totally destroyed the Spanish fleet of eight war ships, many 
forts and batteries, and accomplished this work without the loss oif 
a man! 

History has only contrasts. There is no couplet to form a compari- 
son. The only finish fight between the modem war ships of civilized 
nations has proven the prowess of American naval men and methods, 
and the glory is a legacy for the whole people. Our crews are all hoarse 
from cheering, and while we suffer for cough drops and throat doctors, 
we have no use for liniment or snrgeons. 

To every ship, officer, and crew, all praise be given. As Victoria was 
answered years ago, ^' Your Majesty, there is no second," so may I report 
to your Department as to our war ships conquering the Spanish fleet in 
the battle of Manila Bay — ^tl^ere is no first — 'Hhere is no second." The 
cool bravery and efficiency of the commodore was echoed by every cap- 
tain and commander and down through the lines by every officer and man, 
and naval history of the dawning century will be rich if it furnishes to 
tiie world so glorious a display of intelligent command and successful 
service as must be placed to the credit of the United States Asiatic 
Squadron under date of May 1, 1898. 

It was my lot to stand on the bridge of the BaUimore by the side of 
Captain Dyer during the first engagement, and to be called to the flag- 
ship Olympia by the commodore, at whose side, on the bridge, I stood 
during the second engagement, and when the clouds roll by and I have 
again a settled habitation, it will be my honor and pleasure to transmit 
a report showing service somewhat in detail and for which commanders 
promise data. 

Meanwhile our commodore will officially inform you of events which 
will rival in American history the exploits of Paul Jones. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant, 

OsoAB F. Williams, 
U. S. Oonsvly ManiUiy Philippine lalandM. 
Hon. JxTDQE Day, (Kot acting.) 

Assistant Secretary of State^ Washington^ 2>. 0. 



BURKAU OF NAYIOATION. 89 

THB BATTLE OF OATITR. 
SrAinsH OFFiaxL Rkpost. 

DKPABTURB FOR SUBIO. 

On the 26th of April, at 11 p. m., says Senor Montojo^ I left the bay 
of Manila for Snbic with a squadron composed of the croisers Reina 
Origtina^ Dan Juan de AusiriOj lala de OubOj I»la de Luzany dispatch 
boat M€urgue$ del DnerOj and the wooden cruiser Oa$tilla. This last 
eoaki merely be considered as a floating battery, incapable of maneuver- 
ing, on aooonnt of the bad condition of her hulL The following morn- 
log, being at Snbic, I had a conference with Captain Del Bio, who, 
thoiigh he did not relieve my anxiety respecting the completion of the 
defeuslTe works, assnred me that they would soon be finished. 

in the meanwhile the cruiser CaitiilOj even on this short cruise, was 
making much water through the bearings of the propeller and the open- 
ing astern. They worked day and night to stop these leaks with cement, 
finally making the vessel nearly water-tight, but absolutely impossible 
to use her engines. 

On the morning of the 27th I sailed with the vessels to cover the 
entrance to the port of Subic The OastiUa was taken to the northeast 
point of the island of Grande to defend the western entrance, since the 
eastern entrance had already been closed with the hulls of the San 
ifmmtin and two old merchant vessels which were sunk there. 

With much disgust, I found that the guns which should have been 
moonted on that island were delayed a month and a half. This sur- 
prised me, as the shore batteries that the navy had installed (with very 
little difflcolty) at the entrance of the bay of Manila, under the intelli- 

EDt dbection of colonel of naval artillery, Sefior Oarces, and Lieutenant 
neavente, were ready to fight twenty-four days after the commence- 
ment of the work. 

I was also no less disgusted that they confided in the efQcacy of the 
few torpedoes which they had found feasible to put there. 

The entrance was not defended by torpedoes nor by the batteries of 
tbe island, so that the squadron would have had to bear the attack of 
the Americans with its own resources, in 40 meters of water and with 
little secnritv. Our vessels could not only be destroyed, but they could 
not save their crews. I still held a hope that the Americans would not 
go to Bnbic, and give us time for more preparations, but the following 
day I received from the Spanish consul at Uongkong a telegram which 
said: ^Enemj^s Ronadron sailed at 2 p. m. from the bay of Mira, and 
aooording to reliable accounts they sailed for Subic to destroy our 
•qnadron, and then will go to Manila." 

This telegram demonstrated that the enemy knew where they could 
find my squadron and that the port of Subic had no defenses. 

The same day, the 28th of April, I convened a council of the captains, 
and all, with the exception of Del Rio, chief of the new arsenal, thought 
that the dtoation was insupportable and that we should go to the bay 
of Manila in order to accept there the battle under less unfavorable 

IWMMlitMMIffi 

TBS RBTUnr TO MANILA. 

I leftiied to have our ships near the city of Manila, because, far from 
defending it, this would provoke the enemy to bombard the plaza, which 
doobtleos wonld have been demolished on account of its few defenses. 
It was ananimoody decided that we should take jMisition in the bay of 



90 BUREAU OF NAYIGATION. 

GaDa OaOy in the least water possiblei in order to combine oar fire with 
ttiat of the batteries of Point Sangley and Ulloa. 

I immediately ordered Del Bio to concentrate his forces in the most 
strategic point of the arsenal, taking every disposition to born the coal 
and stores before allowing them to fall into the power of the enemy. I 
sent tiie Don Juan de Austria to M*anila to get a large number of fight- 
ers filled with sand to defend tiie water line of the Oaatilla (which coold 
not move) against the enemy's shells and torpedoes. At 10 a. m. on the 
29tb I lerb Snbic with the vessels of my squadron, towing the Oastilla by 
the transport Manila. 

In the afternoon of the same day we anchored in the Gnlf of Oanacao 
in 8 meters of water. On the following morning we anchored in line of 
battle, the Ohristinaj Oastillaj Don Juan de Austriaj Don Juan de XJUoa^ 
Luzon^ Oubaj and Marques del DuerOj while the transport Manila was 
sent to the Boads of Bacoor, where the Velasco and Lezo were undergoing 
repairs. 

At 7 p. m. I received a telegram from Subic announcing that the 
enemy's squadron had entered the port at 3, reconnoitering, doubtless 
seeking our ships, and from there they sailed with course for Manila. 

The mail steamer Isla Mindanao arrived in the bay. I advised her 
captain to save his vessel by going to Singapore, as the enemy could 
not get into the entrance probably before midnight. As he was not 
authorized from the trans- Atlantic he did not do so, and then I told him 
that he could anchor in shallow water as near as possible to Bacoor. 

At midnight gun fire was heard off Oorregidor, and at 2 on the morn- 
ing of the Ist of May I received telegraphic advices that the American 
vessels were throwing their search lights at the batteries of the entrance, 
with which they had exchanged several shots. I notified the command- 
ing general of the arsenal, Senor Sostoa, and the general-governor of 
the plaza, Gapt. Senor Garcia Pana, that they should prepare them- 
selves. I directed all the artUlery to be loaded, and all the sailors and 
soldiers to go to their stations for battle, soon to receive the enemy. 

This is all that occurred since I sailed to Subic until the entrance of 
the American squadron in the bay of Manila. 

THS ARRIVAL OF THX ENBMT. 

The squadron being disposed for action, adds Seilor Montojo, fires 
spread, and everything in proper place, we waited for the enemy's 
arrival. 

All the vessels, having been painted dark gray color, had taken down 
their masts and yards and boats to avoid the etfects of projectiles and 
the splinters, had their anchors buoyed and cables ready to slip 
instantly. 

At 4 a. m. I made signal to prepare for action, and at 4.45 the Austria 
signaled the enemy's squadron, a few minutes after which they were 
recognized, with some confusion, in a column parallel with ours, at 
about 6,000 meters distant; the fiagship Olympia ahead, followed by 
the Baltimorej Raleigh^ Boston^ Concord, Helena^ Petrel^ and MoOulloohy 
and the two transports Zafiro and Nanshan. 

The force of these vessels, excepting transports that were noncom* 
batant, amounted to 21,410 tons, 49,290 horsepower, 163 guns (many 
of which were rapid fire), 1,750 men in their crews, and of an average 
velocity of about 17 miles. The power of our only five effective ships 
for battle was represented by 10,111 tons, 11,200 horsepower. 76 guns 
(very short of rapid fire), 1,875 crew, and a maximum speed of 12 iml6S» 



BtTRSAU OF NAVIOATION. 91 

THE WOJt 7]IO|I 8HOBX, 

At 5 the batteries on Point Sangley opened Are. The two first shots 
ttU short and to the left of the leading vessel. These shots were not 
answered by the enemy, whose principal object was the sqnadron. 

This batteiy only had two Oidonez gans of 15 centimeters mounted, 
and but one of these oonld fire in the direction of the opposing fieet. 

In a few minutes one of the batteries of Manila opened fire, and at 5.15 
I made signal that our squadron open fire. The enemy answered 
immediately. The battle became general. We slipped the springs and 
the cables and stiurted ahead with the engines, so as not to be inyolved 
by the enemy. 



The Americans fired most rapidly. There came upon us numberiess 
projectiles, as the three cruisers at the head of the line devoted them* 
selves almost entirely to fight the OriiHnOy my fiagship. A short time 
after the action commenced one shell exploded in the forecastle and put 
out of action all those who served the fbur rapid-fire cannon, making 
splinters of the forward mast, which wounded the helmsman on the 
bridge, when Lieut. Jose Nunez took the wheel with a coolness worthy of 
theg reatest commendation, steering until the end of the fight. In the 
meanwhile another shell exploded in the orlop, setting fire to the crews' 
bi^gs, which they were fortunately able to control. 

The enemy shortened the distance between us, and, rectifying his aim, 
covered us with a rain of rapid-fire projectiles. At 7.30 one shell de- 
stroyed completely the steering gear. I ordered to steer by hand while 
the rudder was out of action. In the meanwhile another shell exploded 
on the poop and put out of action 9 men. Another destroyed the mizzen 
masthead, bringing down the fiag and my ensign, which were replaced 
immediately. A fresh shell exploded in the ofiicers' cabin, covering the 
hospital with blood, destroying the wounded who were being treated 
there. Another exploded in tiie ammunition room astern, filling the 
quarters with smoke and preventing the working of the hand steering 
gear. As it was impossible to control the fire, I had to flood the maga- 
zine when the cartridges were beginning to explode. 

Amidships several shells of smaller caliber went through the smoke- 
stafik and one of the large ones penetrated the fire room, putting out 
of action 1 master gunner and 12 men serving the guns. Another 
rendered useless the starboard bow gun ; while the fire astern increased, 
fire was started forward by another shell, which went through the hull 
and exploded on the deck. 

The broadside guns, being undamaged, continued firing until there 
were only one gunner and one seaman remaining unhurt for firing them, 
as the guns^ crews had been ftequentiy called upon to substitute those 
charged with steering, all of whom were out of action. 

TBS DXSTBUOnON OV OUB SHIPS. 

The sUp being out of control, the hull, smoke pii>e, and mast riddled 
with shoior eonftisedwith the cries of the wounded; half of her orewout 
of actMBf among whom were 7 oiBcers, I gave the order to sink and 
abandon the ship before the magazines should explode, making signal 
at tlie same time to the Ovba and Luzon to assist in saving the rest of 
the crew, which they did, aided by others from the J>uero and the 



92 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

I abandoned the Oristinaj directing beforehand to secure her flag, and 
accompanied by my staff, and with great sorrow, I hoisted my fli^ on 
tiie cruiser Isla de Ouba. 

After haying saved many men from the nnfortonate vessel, one shell 
destroyed her heroic commander, Don Luis Gadarso, who was directing 
the rescue. 

The UUoa^ which also defended herself firmly, using the only two 
guns which were available, was sunk by a shell which entered the 
water line, putting out of action her commander and half of her remain- 
ing crew, those which were only remaining for the service of the two 
guns stated. 

The Casiillaj which fought heroically, remained with her artillery 
useless, except one stern gun, with which they fought spiritedly, was 
riddled with shot and set on fire by the enemy's shells, then sunk, and 
was abandoned by her crew in good order, which was directed by her 
commander, Don Alonzo Algado. The casualties on this ship were 23 
killed and 80 wounded. 

The Austria^ very much damaged and on fire, went to the aid of the 
Oastilla. The Luzon had three guns dismounted, and was slightly 
damaged in the hull. The Dttero remained with one of her engines use- 
less, the bow gun of 12 centimeters and one of the redoubts. 

At 8 o'clock in the morning, the enemy's squadron having suspended 
its fire, I ordered the ships that remained to us to take positions in the 
bottom of the Beads at Baccor, and there to resist to the last moment, 
and that they should be sunk before they surrendered. 

THE 8INKINO. 

At 10.30 the enemy returned, forming a circle to destroy the arsenal 
and the ships which remained to me, opening upon them a horrible fire, 
which we answered as far as we could with the few cannon which we 
still had mounted. 

There remained the last recourse to sink our vessels, and we accom- 
plished this operation, taking care to save the flag, the distinguishing 
X>ennant, the money in the safe, the portable arms, the breech plugs of 
the guns, and the signal codes. 

After which I went with my staff to the Convent of Santo Domingo 
de Gavite, to be cured of a wound received in the left leg, and to tele- 
graph a brief report of the action, with preliminaries and results. 

THB JXJDGMBirr OF THE ADMIRAL. 

It remains only to say that all the chiefs, officers, engineers, quarter- 
masters, gunners, sailors, and soldiers rivaled one another in sustaining 
with honor the good name of the navy on this sad day. 

The inefficiency of the vessels which composed my little squadron, 
the lack of all classes of the personnel, especially master gunners and 
seamen gunners; the inaptitude of some of the provisional machinists, 
the scarcity of rapid-fire cannon, the strong crews of the enemy, and 
the unprotected character of the greater part of our vessels all con- 
tributed to make more decided the sacrifice which we made for our 
country and to prevent the possibility of the horrors of the bombard- 
ment of the city of Manila, with the conviction that with the scarcity 
of our force against the superior enemy we were going to certain death 
and could expect a loss of all our ships. 

Our casualties, including those of the arsenal., amounted to 381 men 
killed and wounded. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 98 

[TnnabKUoa.] 

Qffiox of thb Staff of the Oommanbbb in Uhisf 
OF THB Station and Squadron of thb PHnjppiNBS, 

Manila, April 24^ 1898. 

It having been resolved to go ont with the sqaadron for the port of 
Sobic, not only for the defense of that importont port bat al«> as a 
Btratc^c harbor for operations which may occur, the sta£f is placed in 
charge of the necessary orders from these headquarters. 

As commandant of the Oavite arsenal I have nothing to say to your 
excellency concerning its defense, as the chief commander and officers 
will know how to defend the interests of the natioui trusting the vaJor, 
seal, and intelligence of all those who, with tiie slight and feeble 
resources upon which we can count, will do everything possible to guard 
the honor of the flag and the navy. 

Qo on J sir, in the ordering and equipping as much as you think neces- 
Baiy for the common purposes which concern our interests. 

xou will use the telegraph to report to me all that you think impor- 
tant for your affairs in aU departments, as well as the cable to commu- 
nicate with the Government. 

As long as possible communicate by way of Paranaque and Malate 
and also with the batteries of the coast by signals as well as by boats. 

If you need merchant vessels to equip with torpedo tubes, which may 
be effective in such vessels, you will also equip them, etc 

MONTOJO. 
The OOIOCANBANT OF THB OAVITB ASSBNiJU 

April 25.— Copy • 

BiouiLLYy Secretary. 



OPEBATIONS ON THE ASUTIG STATION. 

(S) OrVESTXKNT AHD VAUL OF MANIIiA. 



0PBEATI0H8 OH THE ASIATIC 8TATI0V. 

UVTESTHSNT AIO) FALL OF MANILA. 

Washington, May X9, 1898. 
Dkwsy, Hongkong j China: 

In case of attack by a superior force, would yon desire sabmarine 
mineBf If so, how many, and what length of cable, et ceterat Abont 
fifty mines with equipments in readiness here. Whereabouts of four 
Spanish armored cruisers is uncertain. Left Gape Verde Islands on 
April 29. 

Long. 



Hongkong, May I2j 1898. 
Sbosstary of Navy, Waghington: 

There is little change in the situation since my last telegram. I am 
tranaferringto transports steel breech-loading rifles firom su&en Spanish 
men-of-war ; ^so stores from arsenal in my possession. I am mainlining 
strict blockade. Add Argos to the list of destroyed vessels. HI Oorreo 
probably JETZ Cano. I send this telegram to Hongkong. • • • It has 
been reported at Manila that Pela/yo and another vessel are en route to 
Philippine Islands. 

Dewey. 



Hongkong, May 15^ 1898. (Oavite, May 12.) 

Sbcbbtaby of thb Navy, Washington: 

I thank the President for my promotion. Forcibly recommend that 
Commander Lamberton, chief of staff; Captains Wildes, the commander 
of the Boston; Coghlan, the commander of the Raleigh; Gridley, the 
eommander of the Olympia; Dyer, the commander oi the Baltimore; 
Walker, the commander of the Concord; Wood^ the commander of the 
Pelrel— without whose aid I could have done nothing, each to be advanced 
ten numbtfa. 

Dewsy. 



Hongkong, May 15 j 1898. (Cavite, May 13.) 
Sbobstaby of the Navy, Washington: 

The squadron thanks the President for his message in your telegram 
of May 7. I am maintaining strict blockade of Manila by sea, and 
believe rebels are hemming in by land, although they are inactive and 
making no demonstrations. Great scarcity of provisions in the city. 
I believe the Spanidi Governor-General will be obliged to surrender 
soon. I can take Manila at any moment. To retain possession and 
thus control Philippine Islands would require, in my best Judgment^ 
6808—7 «7 



98 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

well-equipped force of 5,000 men, although United States troops sent 
by Peiin will be very nsefdl to relieve the Olffmpia of guarding Oavite. 
United States troops should make provision for extremely hot, moist 
(dimate. Spanish force is estimated 10,000 men. The rebels are reported 
30.000 men. I should suggest the Oharleaton or Pehin bring a few 
officers and about 100 men, partly Engineers Department, to man trans- 
port Manila and captured vessels. I am loading Manila with ordnance 
from the Spanish man-of-war. I propose to assign Lieutenant-Oom- 
mander Singer to command. Captured on May 12 the Spanish gun 
vessd OaUao attempting to run blockade; released on parole officers 
and men. I have plenty of coal for the present and can purchase more 
in Ohinese ports. Will hold firequent communication with Hongkong. 
One British, one French, two German, one Japanese men-of-war here 
observing. Baltimore requires immediately one Mark lY mount for 
one 6-inch B. L. B., a supply of extractors for Hotchkiss 3-ponnders 
and for Hotchkiss 6- pounders; also locks most recent design for main 
battery. 

DSWST. 



Washington, May 15y 1898. 
Dewet, Hongkong: 

Following is quotation from Joint resolution tendering thanks of Con- 
gress to Commodore George Dewey, U. S. ]S., and to officers and men 
of squadron under his command: 

BMolvtdhy ih4 Senate and R<nue of Bepre$entaiiee$ of the United Statee, im Congreei 
aatemhled, liiAt in pnnaance of the recommendation of the President, tne thanks of 
Congress and of tne American people are hereby tendered to Commodore (George 
Bewey, United States Navv, commander in chief of the United States naval force 
on the Asiatic Station, for highly distinguished conduct in conflict with the enemy, 
as displayed by him in the destraction of the Si>anish fleet and batteries in the har- 
bor ox Manila. Philippine Islands, May first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight. 
That the thanks of Congress and the American people are hereby extended, through 
Commodore George Dewey, to the officers and men under his command for the gal- 
lantry and skill exhibited oy them on that occasion. 

This act having been approved by the President of the United States 
on May 10, you have been commissioned a rear-admiral. Department 
takes great pleasure in transmitting this information to you, which you 
will convey to officers and men under your command. 

LoNa. 



Wabhinoton, May 16y 1898. 

Dewst (care American consul), EongJcong : 

Beceipt of your telegram of May 13 is acknowledged. The Depart- 
ment wUl send officers and men for transport, etc.; also ordnance arti- 
cles for Baltimore. About 1,200 United States troops will leave on 
board Pehin about May 21. The Charleston will leave about May 18. 
If the Spanish guns are serviceable and have projectiles, could not they 
be mounted at Caroline Islands! It is advisable, perhaps, to destroy. 
There are rumors of possible Spanish expedition to operate about the 
Philippine Islands. 

LON0. 



BUBBAU OF NAYIGATION. 99 

* WASHiNGTONy May 16y 1898. 

DxwBY (oare American consul), Hongkong : 

FoUowing information requested as soon as possible by General Mer- 
ritty who will command troops for Philippines: First, what is total 
strength of Spanish forces in island! Second, how mnoh of this force 
in or abont Manilat Third, what proportion of troops is Spanish and 
what native f Fourth, what amount and caliber of field artillery have 
theyf Fifth, can we ox>erate field artillery, or will mountain artiUery 
alone be practicablef Sixth, what number of horses can be had in or 
near Manilat What work are they equal tot Seventh, what food 
sapplies are imperative to bring t Eighth, will bridge trains be needed, 
and how much f Answer in cipher. 

Long. 



Washington, Ma^ 19^ 1898. 

Dkwxy (care American consul), Hongkong : 

Have received information to the efTect that 10,000 tons of coal are at 
Yap lalandy Oarolines, 

Long. 



Washington, May 19 j 1898. 
Db WXT, Hongkong : 

Following rule enforced in blockade of Ouban ports: Allow thirty 
days firom establishment of blockade to neutral vessels lying in any 
blockaded Philippine port to issue therefrom with innocent neutral 
cargo. Cases of British ship AncaioSj Marion Woodwide^ AuBtriOj 
Oweeneoj Jk^caimiSj bound for American or British ports, specially 
brought to notice of tins Government. You may extend the time a 
few days, if necessary, on account of delay in cabling. 

Long. 



Washington, May 20, 1898. 
DVWXY, Hongkong: 

Pekin and Charleston proceed at once to Manila, touching at Quam, 
Ladione Islands, where will capture fort, Spanish officials, and garri- 
son and act at discretion regarding coal that may be found. 

Long. 



Washington, May 20, 1898. 

Dbwxt (care American consul), Hongkong : 

Beports are current to the effect that Carlos F, Pelayo, Alfonso XII, 
and some transports sailing to the Philippine Islands with large body 
troops. Other reports say they are bound for the east coast of the 
United States, and one report states they have sailed for the latter 
destination; but as our means of receiving inteUigence firom Spain are 
very untrustworthy, you are given this information for what it may be 
worth. 

Long. 



100 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

HoN0EONO| May 19^ 1898i (Beceived Washington, May 19.) 

DAT, WasMngton: 

This answers Long's cable to Dewey. From best information obtain- 
able, Dewey can not reply nnder week. Twenty (onef) thousand 
Spanish troops, of which 4,000 native and 2,000 volunteers. All but 
1,000 at Manila. They have ten mountain guns, no large field artillery, 
proven last rebellion not practicable. Plenty good ponies, 12 hands 
high. No food Phillippines, but rice. Large supply should be taken 
for insurgent allies. 

WiLDMAN. 



Washington, May 21j 1898. 
Dewet, Hongkong: 

Steamship Pehinj 1,200 men, 400 tons ammunition, and other sup- 
plies, accompanied by army transports, City of Sydney and Australia^ 
with several thousand troops, will leave San Francisco, May 24, for 
Philippine Islands, via Honolulu, stopping there for coal. Should 
arrive off Gape Engano, northeast corner island Luzon, in about 
twenty-four days. Have one of your vessels tiiere to convoy them to 
Manila. They are unarmed. 

Long. 



Washington, May 22 j 1898. 

Dewey (care American consul), Hongkong : 

Have private information the Spanish are using cable Bolinao to 
Hongkong. Inland line intact from Manila to Bolinao. 

Long. 



Washington, May 24^ 1898. 

Dewet (care American consul), Hongkong : 

You will report guns of recent design captured, the number of, kind, 
ammunition supply, and generally the availability of mounting in- 
shore battery. 

Long. 



Hongkong, May 24^ 1898. (Oavite, May 20.) 

Sbobetaby of Navy, Waghington: 

Situation unchanged. Strict blockade is continued. Oreat scarcity 
prevails at Manila. Foreign subjects fear an outbreak of the Spanish 
soldiers. Arrangements have been made tor them to be transferred to 
Oavite by the foreign men-of-war, if necessary. Aguinaldo. the rebel 
commander in chief, was brought down by the MoOulloch. Organizing 
forces near Oavite and may render assistance that will be valuable. I 
do not consider submarine mines practicable here, on account of great 
depth and width of bay and entrance. If attacked by superior rorce, 
the squadron will endeavor to give good account of itself. The Ameri- 
can bark Saranac was captured off Iloilo, Philippine Islands. Upon 
the arrival of the Charleston with ammunition, I propose to recapture 
and to clear the island of small Spanish gun vessels. When is Ctuirles- 
ton expected to arrive! I request you will send to the Asiatic Station 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 101 

the JB0milii^ftoii and the Tarttawnj it possible. Will be more nseftil 
than the Philadelphia. How many troops coming here Peking When 
expected to anivef I request send provisions for the squadron— 2,000 
men for three monthSi •. .Also small stores. 

Dewey. 



Washington, May 26^ 1898. 

DswET (care American consul), Hongkong : 

Yon most exercise discretion roost folly in all matters, and be gov- 
erned according tocircomstance which yoo know and we can not know. 
Yoo have oor confidence entirely. It is desirable, as &r as possible, 
and consistent for yoor soccess and safety, not to have political alli- 
ances with the insorgents or any faction in the islands that woold incor 
liability to maintain their caose in the fotore. 

Long. 



Washington, May 27^ 1898. 
Dewey, Hongkong: 

It is the intention of the Department to send Monterey to the Asiatic 
Station. May be expected at ManUa at the end of Joly. 

Long. 



Hongkong, May 27^ 1898. (Oavite, May 29.) 

SErKBTAEY OP NAVY, Washington: 

No change in the sitoation of the blockade. Is effective. It is im- 
possible for the people in Manila to boy provisions, except rice. Tbe 
French men-of-war most go to Saigon for provisions. It is important 
that I shoold know as early as possible whereaboots and strength of 
tiie possible Spanish expedition to the Philippines^ and, if possible, that 
the sqoadron shoold be reinforced with a batUe ship or armored croiser. 
The captain of tbe Olympia (Gridley) condemned by medical sorvey ; is 
ordered home; leave by Occidental and Oriental Steamship Company's 
steamer firom Hongkong on May 28. Commander Lamberton has been 
appointed to the command of the Olympia. Steamer has jost arrived 
fit>m Amoy with 3,000 Maoser rifles and great amoont ammonition for 
Agninaldo, whose force is increasing constantly. • • • Bark 
Saranae is sailing onder the British flag; is loading with sogar at 
Uoilo for New York. 

Dewey. 



Washington, May 29^ 1898. 

Dewey (care American consol), Hongkong: 

The orders of Commander Lamberton to the Olympia approved. 
There is no Spanish force en roote to Philippine Islands. Yoo will be 
notified of the departore of soch. Twenty-flve hondred men. United 
States troops, left May 25 firom San Francisco, OaL, for Manila. 

Long. 



102 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

WASHiNaxoN, May 30y 1898. 
Dewe^ (care American consul), HongJc(mg: 

It is the intention of the Department to send Monadfiock to Asiatic 
Station. , .*' 



• • • • 






Long. 



" » . ; ^ 



Hongkong, May 30j 1898. 
Seobetabt of Navt, Washington: 

Aguiualdo, revolutionary leader, visited the Olympia yesterday. He 
expects to make general attack on May 31. Doubt ability to succeed. 
Bituation remains unchanged. 

Dewet. 



Hongkong, June 6^ 1898. 
Seobetabt of Navy, Washington: 

The following telegram has been received, addressed United States 
consul, Hongkong : 

Direct Captain Hodgson, MeCnXlockf torn oyer command Foley; retam home. 

Cbidlxb. 

I request to be informed is this official! 

Dewey. 



Washington, June 6y 1898. 

Dewey (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Gold storage steamer from Australia is due about June 20 at Manila, 
with fresh provisions for the squadron. Orders Hodgson official. 

Allen, Acting Secretary. 



Hongkong, June 6y 1898. (Oavite, June 3.) 

Seobbtaby of Navy, Washington: 

Beceipt of telegram of May 26 is acknowledged, and I thank the 
Department for the expression of confidence. Have acted according 
to the spirit of Department's instructions therein from the beginning, 
and I have entered into no alliance with the insurgents or with any 
faction. This squadron can reduce the defenses of Manila at any 
moment, but it is considered useless until the arrival of sufficient 
United States forces to retain possession. 

Dewey. 



Hongkong, June 6^ 1898. 
Seobetaby of Navy, Washington: 

There are no guns of recent design available to mount iipon shore, 
being without breech mechanism, mounts, or ammunition. There is no 
telegraphic communication Bolinao to Hongkong. Have Just received 
4,500 tons of coal; I have sufficient coal for two months. Insurgents 
have been engaged actively within the province of Oavite during last 



BORSAU OF NAVIGATION. 103 

:; fhfly have won Beveral small viotoriefl, taking prisoners abont 
1,800 BMO, 50 offloers; Spanish troops, not native. I am preparing 
arsenal aiMl Oavite for tiie occupation United States troops, and will 
have venel off Oape Engano to meet United States transports. 

Dewet, 



Washington, June lOj 1898. 
Admiral DbwxTi Bangkang: 

Cabled May 19 to allow neutral vessels lying in any blockaded Phil- 
ippiiie port thirty days from blockade, and more if necessary, to depart 
with innocent neutral cargo, and mentioned five British ships^ Ancaicosj 
Mmriam Woodndej Austria^ Oweenee^ Delcaimie. Department requests 
instnietioni because informed you did not receive original. 

Atj«kn, Acting Seoretary. 



Washington, June 14j 1898. 

DxwKT (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Report fhlly any conferences, relations, or cooperations, military or 
othenrise, which you have had with Aguinaldo, and keep informed the 
Department in that respect. 

Long. 



Hongkong, June 27j 1898. 
Sbckxtabt of Navy, Waehington: 

Beoeipt of telegram of June 14 is acknowledged. Aguiualdo, insur- 
gent leader, with thirteen of his staff, arrived May 19, by permission, 
on Nmmikam. Bstablished self Oavite, outside arsenal, under the pro- 
taction of our guns, and organized his army. I have had several con- 
ferenees with htm, generally of a personal nature. Consistently I have 
refrained from assisting him in any way with the force under my com- 
■laiid, and on several occasions I have declined requests that I should 
do so, telling him the squadron could not act until the arrival of the 
United States troops. At the same time I have given him to understand 
that I consider insurgents as friends, being opposed to a common enemy. 
He has gone to attend a meeting of insurgent leaders for the purpose of 
fmning a dvil government. Aguiualdo has acted independently of the 
aquadron, but has kept me advised of bis progress, which has been 
wonderfiiL I have imowed to pass by water recruits, arms, and ammu- 
aitioQ, and to take such Spanish arms and ammunition from the arsenal 
as be needed. Have advised fr^uently to conduct the war humanely, 
which be has done invariably. My relations with him are cordial, but 
I am not in his confidence. The United States has not been bound in 
any way to assist insurgents by any act or promises, and he is not, to 
my knowledgCi committed to assist us. I believe he expects to capture 
Manila without my assistance, but doubt ability, they not yet having 
maoy guns. In my opinion^ these people are far superior in their Intel- 
Ugcnoe and more capable of self-government than the natives of Ouba, 
aad I am fiMniliar with both races. 

DSWET. 



104 BUBKAa OF NAVIGATION. 

130060. 

[Proolanuktioiis iMued by General Agninaldo.] 

No. 307 D.I U. S. Naval Foboe on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship Olympiay Cavitej Philippine lalandSj June 12^ 1898. 

Snt : I haye the honor to forward, for the information of the Depart- 
ment, copies, with translations, of three proclamations issued by Gen- 
end Agninaldo, the insurgent leader in the Philippines. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Oeobge Dewey, 
Bear-Admiral^ U. 8. JV., 
Oammanding U. 8. Naval Force an Aaiatio Station. 

The Seobetabt of the Navy, 

Wa^hington^ D. 0. 

(Bureau of Navigation.) 



[TnnalatlOB.] 

Fnimros: 

The great North American Nation, the cradle of genuine liberty, and therefore the 
IHend of oar people, oppressed and enslaved by the tyranny and despotism of its 
mlers, has come to as manifesting a protection as decisive as it is nndonbtedly dis- 
interested toward onr inhabitants, considering ns as safficently civilised and capable 
of ffoveming for ourselves onr nnfortnnate ooantry. In order to maintain this high 
estimate granted as by the generoas Norl^ American Nation we shoald abominate 
all those deeds which tend to lower this opinion, which are pillage, theft, and aU 
sorts of crimes relating to persons or property, with the purpose of avoiding inter- 
national conflicts during the period of oar campaign. 

I decree as follows : 

Abticlb I. The lives and property of aU foreigners, Chinese being included in this 
denondnation, shall be respected, as well as that of aU Spaniards who neither 
directly or indirectly contributed to oarrv on war against as. 

Abtiolb II. Enemies who lay down their arms must also be respected in like 
manner. 

Abticiji III. AU hospitals and ambulances must likewise be respected, as weU as 
aU persons and goods found therein, including the staff on duty, unless they manifest 
hostility. 

Abticlb rv. Those who disobey what is prescribed in these preceding articles 
shall be tried by summary process and put to death if the said disobedience has 
resulted in murder, robbery, or rape. 

Given in Cavite, the 24th of May, 1898. 

EMILIO A0UI2TAIJ>0. 



[TnuuUtion.] 

Mt Beloved Fbllow-Countrtmbn : 

I accepted the treaty proposed by Don Pedro H. Patemo, agreeins with the Cap- 
tain-Oeneiul of these isfanas under certain conditiops, and laying down arms and 
dismissing the forces under my immediate control, because I believed it better for 
the country than to carry on the insurrection for which resources were lacking, but 
since the failure to folfill any of the said conditions, certain bands were dissatisfied 
and remained under arms, and since a period of five months has elapsed without 
any step toward the reforms which "we demand to advance our country to the rank 
of a ci'^ized nation, like our neighbor, Japan, which in little more than twenty 
years has advanced to a satisfactory position, and demonstrated her power and 
vigor in the late war with China, whue the Spanish Government remains powerless 
to contend with certain obstacles which constantly arrest the progress of our country 
with a deadly influence which has been a principal factor in causing the uprising of 
the people. Now that the g^at and powerful North American Nation have come 
to offer disinterested protection for the effort to secure the liberation of this coun- 
try, I return to assume command of all the forces for the attainment of our lofty 
aspirationSi establishing a dictatorial government which wiU set forth doorees under 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 105 

aty Mle respontibOity, —airted hj the adrioe of eminent persons nntU these ialsnds 
re oompletely oonqnered and able to form a oonstitational convention and to elect 
preeident and a eabinet in whose fibvor I wiU doly resign the antiiority. 
GiTen in CaTite the 34th of Kay, 1896. 

Emzuo Aqxtxnaldo. 



[TruMlfttkm.] 

lliis dictatorial gOTemment proposes to begin within a few days onr military 
opecatiops, and being informed that the Spaniard intends to send ns a Parliamen- 
tary eommisaion in order to open negotiations for restoring Spanish authority, and 
being resolyed to admit no negotiations of that sort in Tiew of the collapse of a 
fonaer treaty by de&nlt of the same Spanish Qovemment, and no^g, moreorer, 
the presence in this place of certain persons coming in the capacity of spies for €he 
•aid Spanish GoTsmment, as seneraf in chief of this region I decree as rollows: 

AsncLB I. CiTilians or soldiers who enter this territory with authority to nego- 
tiata, bnt without presenting themselTcs under a flag of truce as provided for sudi 
eases by international law. and also those lacking credentials and documents tat 
their due recognition of cnaracter and personalis, shall be considered guilty ^ 
•erring as spies and put to death. 

AancLB II. Any Filipino who undertakes the aforesaid service shall be considered 
as a traitor to his eountay. and there shall be imposed upon him the penidty of hang- 
ing by tiie neck in a pubuo place fbr the period of two hours with a label attached 
bearing tbe statement that he is a traitor to his country. 

Abticlb m. Anv soldier or civilian found within our territories seeking to pass 
over to the enemy bearing secrets of war or plans of fortifications shall also be reck- 
•Ded as a traitor and put to death. 

Given in Cavite the 24th of Kay, 1898. 

Emiuo Aguinalbo. 



130043. • 

[BlllcieBoy of Oiptatn Hodgtdon, U. & R. 0.] 

Fo. 306 DJ XJ. S. Naval Force on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship Olympia^ OaviU^ Philippine Islands^ June 12, 1898. 

Bis: I take pleasure in bringing to the attention of the Department 
the zeal and efficiency of Oapt. Daniel B. Hodgsdon. B. O. S., com- 
manding the MoChMoeh^ while serving in the squadron under my 
command. 

The McCMoeh steamed £N>m Hongkong to Manila Bay in the squad- 
ron formationy and ran the batteries at the entrance witii the squadron, 
and while not placed in tiie line of battle at the batUe of Manila Bay, 
was kept near by and in readiness to assist any vessel that might be 
disabled. 

Since joining my command, and up to the time of his detachment, 
Captain Hodgson has kept the McCulloeh in a high state of efficiency, 
and ready to move at a moment's notice, and has made her a valuable 
auxiliary to the squadron. 

I request that the Department will communicate this report to the 
honorable Secretary of the Treasury. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

Oeobok Dswet, 
Bear-Admiralj U. 8. if., 
OamnMnding U. A Naval Farce on Asiatic Station. 

The SSGSBTABT OF THE NAVT, 

Washington, D. 0. 



106 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

HoNOKONa, June 17j 1898. (Oavite, June 12.) 

Seobbtabt op Navt, Washinfftan: 

There is little change in the situation since my telegram of Jane 3. 
Insurgents continue hostilities and have practically surrounded Manila. 
They have taken 2,500 Spanish prisoners, whom they treat most 
humanely. They do not intend to attack city proper until the arrival 
of United States troops thither; I have advised. Twelve merchant 
vessels are anchored in the bay with refugees on board under guard of 
neutral men-of-war; this with my permission. Health of the squadron 
continues excellent. The Oerman commander in chief arrived to-day. 
Three Qerman, two British, one French, one Japanese men-of-war now 
in port; another Qerman man-of-war is expected. I request the 
departure of the Monadrioch and the Monterey be expedited. 

DSWBT. 



Hongkong, June 17 j 1898. (Oavite, June 13.) 

Seobetaby of Navy, WashingUm: 

I request the Department will send six months' supplies in all depart- 
ments, including medical, for the squadron, including MoCuUoohy ZafirOj 
Nanshan. Mani^ complement about 50 men, and OdUaOj complement 
about 25 men. It is practically imx)0S8ible to obtain further supplies 
within the limits of the station during the war. 

Dewey. 



ftoNOKONG, June 17 J 1898. (Oavite, June 12.) 

Seobetaby of Navy, WasUngton: 

I request the Department send 350 men and 20 marines to fill vacan- 
cies existing to replace men whose terms of enlistment have expired or 
will expire before October 1. 

Dewey. 



Oavite, June 17j 1898. 
Seobetaby op Navy, Washington: 

No change since my telegram of June 12. Have sent the Baltimorey 
Oape Engano, Luzon Island, to meet American transports. The health 
of the squadron continues excellent. Another French man-of-war has 
arrived. 

Dewey. 



Oavite, June 17j 1898. 
Seobetaby op Navy, Washington: 

Oommanding officers have no recommendation to make under Bevised 
Statutes, sections 1407 and 491. All officers and men did their whole 
duty nobly, but the nature of the action did not admit of any individual 
display of personal heroism. 

Dewey. 



BUBEAU OF NAYIOATION. 107 

Washinoton, June 18y 1898. 

DxwST (oare American consul) Hongkong : 

The Spanish fleet, two armored cruisers, six conyerted cmisers, four 
destroyers, reported off Oeata, sailing to the east, by the United States 
ocmsal at Gibraltar. If they pass Suez, Egypt, will cable yon. The 
Monierejf and the collier sailed [fori Manila from San Diego on June 11. 
The Monadnoek and tiie collier will loUo w Jnne 20, if possible. Oould not 
yon have a yessel at Hongkong to receive notice concerning Spanish 
fleet passing Snezf Second ^vision of the army expedition, about 
3,500 men, in four steamers, sailed from San Francisco [at] noon on June 
15. The army estimates they wiU make average speed 10 knots per hour, 
and touch two days at Honolulu. Sustained sea speed seems doubtfuL 

LOHO. 



Washinoton, Juno 21^ 1898. 

DxwxT (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Message June 12 is received. Impossible to flunish petly officers or 
experienced men. Are authorueed to retain those on board by United 
States Bevised Statutes, sections 1422 and 1672. Will this maintain 
effldenoyf 

Long. 



WA8HIN0TON, June 22^ 1898. 

DXWXT (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Our special agents report Oamara's fleet at Oarti^na, Spain. It is 
thought reliable information. His future destination not ascertained 
yet 

LON0. 



Washington, June 23 j 1898. 

Dkwey (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Permit the Chinese subjects in Manila to leave if they desire. Grant 
permission to oharter vessels if necessary. 

Long. 



Washington, June 24^ 1898. 

DxwxY (care American consul), Hongkong: 

The Department did not send convoy with four transports [which] 
sailed Jnne 15 from San Francisco. Have been informed the army 
touch at Honolulu. Guam was not mentioned in their orders. Average 
speed 10 knots per hour. If it is considered best, send vessel for them 
C^peBngano. 

Long. 



Washington, June 24^ 1898. 
DXWXT (care American consul), Hongkong: 
Send Pekim to San Francisco for supplies as soon as she can be 

Long. 



108 BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 

WASHiNaxoN, Ju/ne 25 j 1898- 

Dewby (care American consul), HangJc(mg: 

Second army division, Oen. F. Y. Greene commanding, left San 
Francisco to touch at Honolulu and Guam. Estimated to arrive Guam 
July 10 and expects meet convoying vessel from you at Guam. If 
practicable, send one. If you can not do, then charter vessel and send 
naval officer Guam. Inform commanding officer expedition to come to 
Engando or Manila without convoy. The War Department stated 
Greene would not touch Guam, but now announces he will touch there. 

Long. 



Washington, June -85, 1398. 

Dewey (care American consul), Hongkong: 

The Spanish fleet from Cadiz passed Gape Bon, going to the east, 
June 22, 3 p. m. Expected to go to Manila. Oomprise PelayOj Emperor 
Carlos F, three torpedo-boat destroyers, three auxiliary armed steaita- 
ers, and seven transports. In all, 15 sail. 

Long. 



Washington, June 27^ 1898. 

De WST (care American consul), Hongkong : 

The Monadnock sailed June 25 from San Francisco, accompanied by 
coUier Kero. Was ordered to proceed at utmost speed safely possible, 
and stops as short as possible, and to make best of way to a point 600 
nautical miles east true from Gape Engano, and thence to run to the 
west true until up to Gape Engano. If then she has not received from 
you a message to the contrary, she will proceed at once to Manila. This 
enables you to meet the Monadnock or to send a message to her within 
600 nautical miles of Gape Engano, if you desire to do so. Further- 
more, General Merritt's third division of transports will leave about 
June 27 from San Francisco with about 4,000 men and not convoyed, 
but he has been advised to make and to saO the 600 knots east and 
west line as described for the Monadnock. 

Long. 



Washington, June 27j 1898. 
Dewbt (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Ganiara's fleet arrived off Port Said Jane 26, and is reported by our 
agent tibere as follows: Pelayo^ Oarloe F, Audazy Osada, Proserpina. 
Patriota^ 12 guns, and three unarmed transports, OoUmj Oovadonga^ ana 
Am Francisco. They will coal immediately — ^to be supplied by Cory 
Brothers, whose agents are Savon Bazui. The bottom of ships appar- 
ently foul. A telegram from Lieutenant Sims at Paris, June 25, says that 
special agent now at Cartagena reports one transport carries munitions 
of war. Aires and Panay each one regiment of infantry, and San Francisco 
one battalion marine infantry. Auxiliary fleet has 20,000 tons of coal. 
All cruisers unarmed except BapidOj Patrxota^ and Aires. • • • 

Rapido and Patriota were formerly Normannia and OolumMaj and 
reported each to carry four 6J^-inch, four 4.8inch, two 3|-inch, and four 
revolving cannon. Other reports say more, but that is doubtful. We 
have not the particulars of Aires*s battery. * * . * 

Long. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 109 

HONOKONO. (BeoeiTed Jane 27| 1888.) 

Skgrxtabt of Natt, Woihingtan: 

No change in the sitoation sinoe my telegram of June 17. Five Oer- 
man, 3 British, 1 French, 1 Japanese men-of-war in port. Insnrgents 
oonstantly dosing in on city. The United States transports and the 
OkarletUm have not yet arriyed. The Baliimore is at Cape Engano 
awaiting them. Have received information Gadiz squadron passed 
Gibraltar Friday morning, Jnne 17, bound eastward. Shall tiie Monad* 
nodi and the Monterey arrive in timet In my judgment, if the coast of 
Spain was threatened, the squadron of the enemy would have to return. 
One hundred and twenty-one officers, United States Navy, 6 paymaster's 
clerks, and 1,709 men were engaged battle of Manila Bay. 

Dbwbt. 



Washinoton, June 2dj 1898. 

Dkwkt (care American consul), Hongkong: 

If the service so requires, you are authorized to purchase or to 
charter one or two steamers suitable for dispatch vessels. This might 
be important to you in case Gamara goes to the Philippines. 

LoNO. 



Washinoton, June 29^ 1898. 

I>BWST (care American consul), Hongkong : 

The different reenforcements sent to you are as follows: First army 
detachment and the Charleston sailed May 21 from San Francisco via 
Honolulu and Ouam. Estimated sea speed, 10 knots. The Monterejf 
sailed June 11 from San Diego, Gal., via Honolulu and Guam, probably 
estimated sea speed, 10 knots per hour. The Monadnoek sailed June 25 
from San Francisco for Honolulu, and then direct. Bstimated sea 
speed, 6 knots per hour; perhaps more. Third army detachment sailed 
Jnne 27 from San Francisco; was recommended to go direct. S<}uadron 
under Watson, the Iowa and Oregon, the Yaf^cee and the Dixiej the 
Newark and the Totemite^ and four colliers preparing with all possible 
diqmtek to start for Spanish coast. The Spaniards know this. 

Long. 



WASHINaTON, Juljf Ij 1898. 

DxwxT (care American consul), Hongkong: 

It would be well to ascertain the possibility of landing the United 
States troops in Binangonam anchorage, east side of Luzon, or at some 
otiber point on Luzon, and thence marching to Manila by sea, as it 
might become necessary to hold Luzon with troops pending your con- 
centration with the monitors. 

Long. 

Hongkong, Julg i, 1898. 
Bbobxtabt of Kayt, Washington: 

Beferring to your telegram of June 21, the crew now on board is 
more efficient than new men would be. I consider, however, that in 
justice to them, and to prevent discontent, if not dissatis&ction in the 
•squadron, men whose terms of enlistment have expired should be 
rdieved from duty in this hot and unhealthftil climate as soon as 

possible^ 

Dbwxt. 



110 BUREAU OF NAYIGATION. 

HoNaKONGy JWIy Ij 1898. (Gavite, Jnne 26.) 

SsoBBTABY OF Kayy, Washington: 

I shall have vessel at Hongkong on or about July 1. The Charleston 
and transports have not yet arrived. 

Dbwby. 



HONGKONOy Jullf Ij 1898. 

Seobetabt of NAVYy Washington: 

The firitish bark Austria has gone to Hongkong without cargo. In 
my opinion allowing to return to load might give cause for complaint 
to other neutral nations whose ships have been warned oft 

Dbwby. 

WASHnfGTONy July 5j 1898. 

Dewey (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Oamara reported to have passed Suez Oanal July 6, July 6, after 
having partly coaled in Mediterranean Sea. Intends to coal again in 
Bed ^a and thence direct to Philippine Islands. Supposed will coal 
from his own colliers. His ships are as stated in Department's teJe- 

Sam of June 27, except that Spanish destroyers Audaz^ Osado^ and 
'oserpina have returned to SpaiUy which would indicate that he 
expects to make speed. 

Long. 



Hongkong, July 7, 1898. (Oavite, July 4.) 

Seobetaey of Navy, Washington: 

The receipt of telegram is acknowledged. The United States troops 
have landed and have been comfortably housed at Oavite, Luzon 
Island. Insurgents are still active. The Ohinese subjects have been 
permitted to leave freely. Gold-storage steamer has not yet arrived. 
Aguinaldo proclaimed himself president of the revolutionary republic 
on July 1. 

Dewey. 



Washington, July 8^ 1898. 

Dewey (care American consul), Hongkong: 

The Monterey and Brutus reported anchored outside bar ofT Honolulu 
June 29, making slight repairs of the machinery of the Brutus^ and they 
hoped to sail on same night for Manila, via such intermediate places 
as might be necessary. The Monterey has not orders to run down the 
600-mile line drawn east true from Gape Engano, They have made 7 
knots per hour from San Diego to Honolulu. 

Long. 



Hongkong, July 13^ 1898. 
Seobbtaby of Navy, Washington: 

Aguinaldo informed me his troops had taken all of Subic Bay except 
Isla Grande, which they were prevented from taking by the German 
man-of-war Irene. On July 7 sent the Baleigh and the Concord there; 
they took the island and about 1,300 men, with arms and ammunition; 



BUBXAU OP NAYIGATIOK. Ill 

DO resi^taiioe. The Irene retired from the bay on their airiTsL I ehaU 
send the Boston Gai>e Engano abont July 16 to meet second anny 
detachment, It is not practicable to send Gaam. No chartered vessel 
available. 

Dbwxt« 



Cayits, Jiity 14, 1893. (Beoeiyed Washington Jnly 1&) 

Sbcbxtabt of Nayy, Washington: 

Ko change in sitoation. I will send United States disfmtoh vessel 
to Hongkong within the next few days. British ship SUen A. Bend 
arrived yesterdi^y from Gape of Good Hope; 2,600 tons of coal for ns. 

Dbwxt. 

Baooob, July 15, 1898. 

Hie BxeeUeneg the Admiral of the Squadron of the United States im the 
Islamds. 

Sib : The revelation having taken possession of the various provinces 
of the archipelago, this government has found it necessary to adopt the 
farm and organization ^st suited to the popular will. I have, there- 
fore, the pleasure and honor of placing in your hand the inclosed decrees, 
which contain the organization referred to, begging that you will com- 
municate to your GhDvemment that the desires of this government 
are to remain always in friendship with the great North American 
nation, to which we are under many obligations. 

I beg, also, that your excellency will have the kindness to forward 
the inclosed package to H. B. M. consul, with a request from me that 
he will forward them to their respective destinations. 

For which fAvor the Filipino people and your humble servant will be 
most deeply grateful to your excellency. 
Yery respectfully, etc, 

BMILIO AaUINALDO. 

Indorsement to the above, 

[Vint J]idorMm«Dt.] 

XT. 8. Flaobhip Olympia, 

Oavite, July 17 j 1898. 

Bespectfully forwarded for the information of the Department. 

GBOBaB Dbwby, 
Bear-Admiral. U. S. N., 
Commanding U. S. Naval Foroe on Asiatic Station, 



DBCBEB8. 
(TnmiUtlon ) 

IV fks Psepts ef ih$ P%aipplmm: 

Acti of Proridenee hAve placed me in a poeltton for which I can not bnt recofpilM 
my natinnl ineffleiencr, bnt m I hare no right to violate the laws of ProTidence, 
nor to dedine the duties which honor and patriotiam impoee npon me, I greet yon, 
my bdored people, firom that poef tion. 

In the flMO of the whole world I have proclaimed that the aspiration of my whole 
life, tiie final object of all my wishes and efforts, is your independence, beeanse I 
hare the inner conyiction that it is also yonr constant longing, since Independence 
for ns means the redemption Irom slavery and tyranny, the reooTery of lost liberty, 
and the admlasioii to the concert of civilized nations. 



112 BURSAU OF NAVIGATION. 

I nndentftndi moreoTer, that the flxBt duty of any goremment is to interpret falth- 
fdlly the aepirations of the people : with this in view, ftlthonp;h the abnormal cir- 
cnmstaiees of the war have oomiMiled me to constitute this dictatorial goremment 
which assumes ftill oiril and military power, my eonstant desire is to suiionnd 
myself with the most prominent people from each province who by their conduct 
deserre its confidence, so that, learning from them the true needs of each, I mav be 
enabled to adopt the most efficacious means for filling such needs and curing deft- 
eienoies in accordance with the wishes of all. 

I understand, moreover, the urgent necessity of establishing in each town a solid 
and substantial organisation, a stronger bulwark of public security and the only 
means for insuring the union and discipline which are indis]>ensable for the estab- 
lishment of a repuDlio—that is, the eovemment of the people by the people<— and for 
settling international conflicts whicn may arise. 

In virtue of the above considerations I decree as follows: 

Articlk 1. The inhabitants of each town where forces of the Spanish Government 
are still in existence shall agree as to the most feasible means for defeating and anni« 
hilatinff them with the means and resources at their disposal, according to the pris- 
oners ox war such treatment as is in conformity with the sentiments of humuiity 
and the custom observed by civilized nations. 

Art. 2. As soon as a town shall be free ttom Spanish dominion, the citizens thereof 
who are most prominent owing to their social position and honorable conduct, in the 
center as well as in the wards, shall assemble in a Junta magna and shall then pro- 
ceed to tiie election, by a minority of votes, of the chief of the town and of a "head ** 
for each ward, air wards shall be considered not only those hitherto known as suchi 
but also the center of the town. 

Any inhabitant having the qualifications above set forth shall be entitled to attend 
such Junta and to be elected, provided always that he is a friend of the Philippine 
independence, and that he is at least 21 years of age. 

Art. 8. In said iunta shall be elected, also by a minority of votes, three delegates, 
one of police and internal order, one of Justice and civil records, and one of revenues 
and property. 

The delegate of police and internal order shall assist the chief in the orffanisation 
of the armed force which each town must maintain for its own security, in propor- 
tion to the resources at ite command, for the preservation of order, and tne healtn of 
thepeople. 

The delegate of Justice and civil records shall assist the chief in the organization 
of tribunals, of books for the recording of births, deaths, and marriages, and of the 
census. 

The delegate of revenues and property shall assist the chief in the collection of 
taxes, the sSministration of public funds, the preparing of books for the registration 
of real estate and cattle^ and in all work relating to ue development of all dssses 
of industry. 

Art. 4. The presiding chief, together with said heads of wards and delesatea, 
shall constitute the people's Junta, which shall wateh over the strict execution of 
the orders in force and the particular intereste of each town. 

The head of the center ox the town shall be vice-president of the Junta, and the 
delegate of Justice shall be secretary of the same. 

The heads of wards shall be delegates of the chief in their respective wards. 

Art. 6. The chiefs of each town, after consulting the opinion of their respective 
Juntas, shi^ assemble and elect, by a minority of votes, the chief of the province 
and tluree councilors for the three departments referred to. 

The chief of the province as president, the chief of the capital of the province as 
vice-president, and said councilors shall constitute the provincial council, whio^ 
shall watch over the enforcemente of the orders of this government in the territory 
of the province and over the general intereste of the same, and shall suggest to this 
government measures to be adopted for the public good. 

Art. 6. Said chlefr shall elect, also by a mi^ori^ of votes, three representatives 
for each one of the provinces of Manila and Cavite, two for each of the provinces 
classified "de t^rmino'' in the Spanish legislation, and one for each of the other 
provinces and "political-military commands" of the Philippine Archipelago. 

Said representatives shall watch over the general intereste of the archipelago and 
the particular intereste of the respective provinces and shall oonstitute the revolu- 
tionary congress, which shall sugsest to tnis government measures pertaining to the 
preservation of internal order ana the external security of the islands, and shidl be 
heard by said government on all serious and important questions, the decision of 
which sdmito of delay. 

Art. 7. Persons elected for any office whatooever in the form prescribed by the 
foregoing articles can not take charge thereof without previous confirmation by this 
government, which shall grant such confirmation upon consideration of tiie records 
of election. 

The representatives shall prove their identity by the exhibition of such reoords. 



BUREAU OP NAVlGAtlON. 113 

8. The military chiefs appointed by this iroyernniont in each province shall 
Dot take part in t|ie government or the administration of the saioe, but are limited 
to ac^king the chiefii of provinces and towns for such assistance in the way of fnnda 
and forcea as may be required, and such chiefs shall not refuse the same in case of 
ival neiHl. 

Xevertheleas, when a province shonld be menaced or occupied, in whole or in part, 
by the enemy, the highest military chief of the same may assume the powers of the 
ciiief of province until the danger disappears. 

Art. 9. The government shall appoint for each province a commissioner, whose 
special duty it sit all be to establish therein the organization provided for in this 
d«>cTee, conforniahle to the instructions hereafter to be issued by said government. 
Military chiefs who free the towns from Spanish dominion shall be commissioners 
by virtue of sncb fact. 

Soch commissioners shall preside over the first Juntas to be held in each town as 
well ae in each province. 

Akt. 10. As soon as the organization provided for in this decree shall have been 
established, all former appointments to any civil office, whatever its origin and by 
whomsoever made, shall be without ellect, and all orders con dieting with this decree 
ahmll be abrogated. 

Done at Cavite, June 18, 1898. 

Ehilio Aouinaldo. 

Then follow instructions concerning the government of provinces and towns, 
dated June 20, 1898, signed by Eniilio Aguinaldo, giving special regulations for — 

1. The holding of sessions of the different juntas and councils. 

2. The organization of police forces, and the character and duties of the same. 
S. The organization of tribunals, civil records, and the census. 

4. Taxes and registration of property. 



[TianalatloB.l 
MXMAOS or THS PRK8IDBNT OV THK PBIUPPIlfX RKVOLtmON. 

If it is true — and it is true — ^that a political revolution, well conceived, is the vio- 
lent means which a people employs in order to recover the sovereignty which nat- 
iffally belongs to it and which has' been usurped and trampled upon by a tyrannical 
and arbitrary government, then the Philippine revolution could not have been more 
just, for the people have had recourse to it after exhausting all peaceful means 
counseled by reason and experience. 

The former Kings of Castile bound themselves to regard the Philippines as a sister 
nation, assoeiated with Spain in perfect unison of views and interests, and by the 
(onatitntion of 1812, promulgated at Cadiz on the occasion of the war of Spanish 
in il«*pendence, these islands were represented in the Spanish Cortes; but the inter- 
ests of the monastic corporations, which have always met with unconditional sup- 
port from the Spanish Government, have taken from them this sacred duty and the 
Philippines have been excluded from the Spanish constitution and the people left 
to the mercy of the discretionary and arbitrary powers of the general government. 

Under such circumstances the people clamored for Justice, and asked of the 
mother country the recognition and restitution of their secular rights by means of 
reforms which would grMually aasimilate them with Spain. But their voices were 
promptlydrowned and the reward of their abnegation was exile, martyrdom, and 
death. The religious corporations, with whose interests — alwavs opposed to those 
of tiie Philippine people— the Spanish Government has identined itself, Jeered at 
tbsee claims and answered, with the knowledge and consent of that same Govern- 
ment, that the liberty of Spain had cost blood. 

What other recourse was there left to the people to recover their lost rights? 
They had no other means but force, and, convinced of this, they have had recourse to 
the revolution. 

And now they no longer limit their claims to the assimilation with the political 
constitution of Spain, but ask for definite separation from her; they are fighting 
for their independence, firmly convinced that tne time has come when they can ana 
must rovem themselves. 

So they have constituted a revolutionary gryemment, ba.<)ed upon wise and Just 
laws, adapted to the abnormal conditions thniugh which they are passing, and at 
the same time preparing them to lte<'omfl a true republic. Taking reason as the only 
^ide for their actions, justice as tlie only end, and honorable work as the only 
means, they rail upon all their Philippine sons, wittinut distinction of rlaM, to unite 
firmly together for the purpose of forming a society of nobility, not nobility of birth 

6898 8 



114 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

or pompons titles, but of work and personal merit of each one— a free society where 
there shall be no egotism and personal politics that crash and annihilate, no envy 
and fayoritism that debase, no bragging and cbarlatanry that make ridicnloas. 

And it oonld not be otherwise: a people which has given proofs of valor and long 
suffering in time of trouble ana danger, and of industry and diligence in time ox 
peace, is not intended for slavery; such a people is called to be ^reat, to be one of 
the strongest arms of Providence to direct the destinies of humanity ; such a people 
has sufficient resources and energy to free itself from the ruin and annihilation into 
which the Spanish Government has plunged it, and to claim a modest but honorable 
■eat in the concert of free nations. 



Given at Cavite, June 23, 1898. 



EMILIO AOUINALDO. 



[TnoilAtlon.] 

SMILIO AGUINALDO T FAMT, 

X^reaident of tbe revolntionary goveriuntnt of the Philippinet and general In chief of Its army. 

This government bein^ desirous of demonstrating to the people of the Philippines 
that one of its objects is to oppose, with a firm hand, the inveterate vices of the 
Spanish administration, b^ substituting for a government of personal luxury and 
ostentations pomp, rendering its movements lazy^ heavy, and torpid, one that shall 
be modest and simple and prompt in the execution of public services, I decree as 
foll*'Ws: 

Cdafter I. — ^The revolntionary government. 

Articlb 1. The dictatorial governmont shall hereafter be known as the revolu- 
tionary government, whose aim it shall be to fight for the independence of the Philip- 
pines until it shall be expressly recognized by the free nations, including Spain, and 
to prepare the country for its organization as a true republic. 

The dictator shall hereafter be known as the president of the revolntionary gov- 
ernment. 

Art. 2. There shall be created four government secretaryships : One of foreifip rela- 
tions, marine and commerce; one of war and public works; one of police and inter- 
nal order, justice, instruction, and hygiene; and one of the treasury, agriculture, 
and nianuKicturcs. 

The government may increase this number of secretaryships if it should be found 
in practice that this distribution is not sufficient for the manifold and complicated 
needs of the public service. 

Art. 3. Each secretaryship shall assist the president in the discharge of business 
relating to the respective departments comprised in such secretaryship. 

At the head of each there shall be a secretary who shall not be responsible for the 
decrees of the president, but who shall sign such decrees with the president for the 
purpose of autnentication. 

But if it shall appear that a decree has been issued at the suggestion of the secre- 
tary of a certain department, he shall be responsible for the same Jointly with the 
president. 

Art. 4. The secretaryship of foreign relations shall be divided into three centers, 
one of diplomacy, one of marine, ana one of commerce. 

The first^named center shall consider and transact all business relating to the con- 
duct of diplomatic negotiations with other powers and the correspondence of this 
government with them; the second shall have charfire of all business relating to the 
formation and organization of our war navy, and the orgauizatlons of any expedi- 
tions which the needs of the revolution may require ; and the third shall have charge 
of everything relating to home and foreign commerce and of all preliminary work 
necessary for making commercial treaties with other nations. 

Art. 5. The secretarvship of war shall be divided into two centers, one of war 
proper, and one of public works. 

The center of war shall be divided into four sections : of campaigns, of military 
justice, of military administration, and of militarv sanitation. 

The section of campaigns shall have oharc^e of the appointment and enlistment of 
all who may serve in the revolutionary militia; of the conduct of campaigns, the 
making of plans and works of fortifications, and the issuing of announcements of 
battles ; of the studv of milit>arv tactics for the army, and the organization of the 
corps of the general staff, artillery and cavalry; and, finally, of the transaction of 
any other business relating to the work of campaigns and military operations. 

The section of militarjr justice shall have charge of everything relating to councils 
of war and courts-martial^ of the appointment of auditors and assessors, and of all 
business pertaining to military law. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION, 115 

Tte seetion of military administrstion sball have charge of ftuniahing proTiaions 
and oihor thinga necessary for the ase of the army. 

The seetioii of military sanitation shall have charge of everything relating to 
sanitary matters of the militia. 

AST. 6. The other secretaryships shall he diyided into as many centers as they 
eompriae different departments, and each center may be subdivided into sections, in 
aeeordance with the nature ana importance of the work. 

Abt. 7. The secretary shall inspect and superintend all the work of his office and 
traaaact all business with the president of the government. At the head of each 
center there shall be a director, and in each section there shall be an official having 
charge of the necessary number of assistants and clerks. 

Abt. 8. The president shall appoint the secretaries of his own free choice, and 
together wiUi them he shall appoint the whole subaltern personnel of each 
secretaryship. 

But in the choice of such persons favoritism shall be avoided, for it must be well 
understood that the good name of the country and the triumph of the revolution 
require the services of truly competent persons. 

Ajtt. 9. The secretaries may take part in the revolutionary congress^ provided they 
have aome motion to make in the name of the president or are publicly summoned 
by any of the representatives; but when the question which is the object of the 
motion, or for which they have been summoned, is put to a vote they shall leave and 
ean not take part therein. 

AST* 10. The president of the government shall be the personification of the Phil- 
ippine people, and, in this conception, he can not be held accountable while he holds 
(hat office. 

Thia will be untU the revolution triumphs, unless, through special circumstances, 
he should be compelled to present his resignation to congress before that time, in 
which case the latter shaU elect whom they may deem best fitted for the office. 

Chapter IL — Tkertvoluiionary oongre$$. 

Abt. 11. The revolutionary congress is the assembly of representatives of the prov- 
ineeo of the Philippine Islands elected as provided for in the decree of the 18th of 
this month. 

Nevertheless, if any province has not been able to elect representatives, for the 
reason that the greater part of the population has not yet succeeded in freeing itself 
from the Spanish domimon, the Government may appoint, as temporary represent- 
atives of the same, the most prominent men, to the number provided for in said 
decree, who shiJl oe natives oi the province in question or have resided therein for 
a long time. 

Abt. 12. When the representatives shall be assembled in the town where the rev* 
olntionary government resides, and in the building designated by it, they shall pro- 
ceed to the preliminary work of appointing, by a plurality of votes, a committee 
composed of five men, who shall examine the credentials of each member, and 
another committee of three men, who shall examine the credent ii^s submitted by 
the five of the former committee. 

Abt. 13. The day following the said representatives shall again assemble, and the 
two committees shall read their respective reports as to the legitimacy of such 
documents, and the character of any which may appear doubtful shall be deter- 
mined by an absolute nudority of votes. 

They shall then proceed to the election, also by absolute majoritv, of a president, 
vice-president, ana two secretaries, to be chosen from among said representatives. 
Congresa ahall then be considered constituted and shall notify the government of 
the reenlt of the election. 

Abt. 14. The place where the congress is being held shall be considered sacred 
and inviolable, and no armed force shall be allowed to penetrate into it, unless the 
prsnldent of said body shall ask for it in order to reestablish order, which may have 
been diaturbed by some who do not understand their own honor nor that of their 
anguat office. 

Art. 16. The powers of couffreas are: To watch over the general interests of the 
Philippine people and to enforce the revolutionary laws; to discuss and vote on 
such lawa; to discuss and approve, prior to their ratification, all treaties and loans; 
to examine and approve the accounts of general expenses annually submitted to it 
by the seoretary of the treasury, aa also special taxes and any others which may be 
impoeed in the future. 

ABT. 16. Congress shall also be heard on all matters of a serious and important 
nature the decision of which admits of delay ; but the president of the government 
may solve those of an urgent nature, advising said body, by means of a message, oi 
the decision arrived at by him. 

Abt. 17. Any repreeentative may submit to congress drafts of laws, as may also 
any of the aaetatariea, by order of the president of the government. 



116 BTTBEAU OF NAVIGATIOK. 

Art. 18. The Bessions of oong^ress shall be pnblio, and only in easee requiring 
secrecy shall secret sessions be held. 

Art. 19. For the order of deliberations and the internal goYemment of the body 
such regalations shall be observed as said body may formulate. The preei<lent shall 
preside over the deliberations, and shall not vote; bat in case of a tie he shall oast 
the decisive vote. 

Art. 20. The president of the government shall not have power, in any manner 
whatsoever, to impede the assembling of congress, nor to prevent its sessions. 

Art. 21. Congress shall appoint a permanent committee of justice, over which 
the vice-president shall presiae, assisted by one of the secretaries, such committee 
to be composed of said two persons and seven members elected £rom among the 
representatives by a plurality of votes. 

Said committee shall constitute a court of second instance In all criminal Indg* 
ments rendered by the provincial councils; and shall have sole and original juris- 
diction in all suits brought against secretaries of the government, provincial and 
municipal chiefs, and provincial councils. 

Art. 22. In the office of the secretaries of congress a book of honor shall be kept, 
upon which shall be entered great services rendered to the country and considerea 
such by said body. Any PhiRppine citizen, military or civil, mav ask congress for 
entry upon said book upon submitting documents in proof of the acts claimed to 
have been done by him lor the good of the country since the bcginuing of the pres- 
ent revolution. For special services which may be rendered hereafter the govern- 
ment shall propose sucn entry, accompanying such proposal (motion) with toe neces- 
sary proofs. 

Art. 22. Congress shall also, upon the motion of the government, grant rewards 
in money, to be made in one payment, to the families of those who have been 
victims of their duty and patriotism in performing heroic acts. 

Art. 24. The acts of oonffress shall not become obligatorv until the president of 
the government has ordered their execution. If the presiaent shall deem any act 
unfit, improper, or pernicious, he shall state to congress the reasons opposed to the 
execution of the same, and if congress insists on us act the president may oppose 
his veto under the strictest responsibility. 

Chaptsb m.^Militarp proiee^Hon, 

Articles 25 to 28, inclusive, set forth bv whom military offenses shall be tried 
according to the grade of the offender. All cases may be appealed to the "superior 
council," composed of six members having at least the grade of "general of brl- 

fade'' (or if at any time there is not a sufficient number of such officers in the 
hilippine army then congress may appoint representatives to complete the num- 
ber), the senior general to preside over such council, which shall also have original 
and sole Jurisdiction over all cases involving officers of the grade of commanders 
and above. 
Art. 29 seta forth what shall constitute military offenses. 

Art. 80. Any person committing any of the offenses enumerated shall be consid- 
ered an enemy of the revolution, and shall be punished in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the Spanish penal code. 

If the offense is not contained in said code the criminal shall be locked up until 
the revolution triumphs, unless such irreparable injury shall result from such offense 
as in the Judgment of the tribunal may be a Justifiable reason for imposing the penalty 
of death. 

Additional olautea. 

Art. 81. The government shall establish abroad a revolutionary committee, com- 

fiosed of an indefinite number of the most competent persons of the Philippine 
slands. This committee shall be divided into three delegations — of diplomacy, of 
the navy, and of the army. 

The delegation of diplomacy shall strive for and negotiate with foreign cabinets 
the recognition of the oelligerencv and independence of the Philippines. 

The delegation of the navy shall have charge of studying and organizing the navy 
of the Philippine war, and prepare such exp^itions as may be required by the needs 
of the revolution. 

The delegation of the army shall study military tactics and the best form for organ- 
izing the corps of the general staff, of artillery, and of engineers, and evervthing 
that may be required to endow the Philippine army with the conditions made nec- 
essary by modem improvements. 

Art. 32. The government shall issue the necessary instructions for the proper exe- 
eution of this decree. 

Art. 88. All decrees of the dictatorial government conflicting with this decree are 
hereby abrogated. 

Given at Cavite, June 28, 1898. 

EXILIO AOXTIKALDO. 



BUBEAU OF NAYIGATIOK. 117 



INSTRUCTIONS. 



Under this handing are giyen oerUin regalaUons, elgneA by Emilio Afl^tnaldo. 

ider date of June 27, 1898, for the esUblishmeut and organlzatfon of the national 
(Central), provincial, and municipal offices of Uie goTenuu«nt, making temporary 
prorisitMis for the transaction of public business until the various departmenta of 
the admin istntion shall liave been fblly organixed. 



HoNGKONQ, July 20^1898. (Cavite, July 17.) 

Secbktakt op Navy, WiuhingUm: 

Sitaatioii nnclinn^ed. Second army detachment arriyed today. All 
well on board. Tlie health of the squadron continues good. No sick- 
ness whatever. I have taken the coal of the firitish ship Honolulu and 
I am retaining her until the port is opened. Have provisions for six 
months. The receipt of telegram of July 7 is acknowledged ; in view 
of the information therein shall retain Pekin and China as auxiliaries. 
I do not expect the Monterey before August 5, and the Monadnoek ten 
days later. If necessary, shall proceed with the squadron to meet the 
Monadnoek to the east Gape Bngano, Luzon. Shall return other trans- 
ports to the United States as soon as iK>88iblo. 

DSWST. 



WASHiNGTONy July 20j 1898. 

Dewst (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Has blockade of Manila been so modified as to permit neutral ves- 
sels to enter the portt Information is desired by Treasury Department. 

LOMO. 



Hongkong, July 22^ 1898. 
SSCBETABY OV Navy, Wogkington: 

The following is for the Secretary of War: 

Agninaldo declares dictator(ship) and martial law over all irfm^n^a. The people 
expect independence. Beoommend China ponies. 

Andbrson, Cowmaniiimg. 

Dbwst. 



Hongkong, July 22j 1898. (Cavite, July 19.) 

SXCBXTABT OF Navt, Woikington: 

The receipt of letter of June 12 is acknowledged. I do not know to 
what collier it refers to. General Greene's bri^tde landed yesterday 
near Malate. 

DswsT. 



Washington, July 26 j 1898. 
Dbwbt (care American consul), Hongkong: 

Do yon want another fresh provision ship or anything else from 

Anstraliaf 

Long. 



118 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

HoNOKONa, July 30^ 1898. (Cavite, July 26.) 

SiJORETABY OP Navy, Washington: 

Merritt arrived yestertLay in the Newport The remainder of the 
expedition is expected within the next few days. Situation is most 
critical at Manila. Tlie Spanish may surrender at any moment. Mer- 
ritt's most difficult problem will be how to deal with insurgents under 
Agninaldo, who has become aggressive and even threatening toward 
our Army. The Monadtioch was at Honolulu on July 8; expected to 
leave four days later. • • • 

Dbwby. 

Washington, August l, 1898. 
Dewey, RongTcong : 

Beported here that monks and other prisoners in the hands of the 
insurgents at Oavite are in danger of being unjustly put to death. This 
should not be pei milted, if you are in position to prevent it. 

Long. 



Hongkong, A^igust i, 1898. (Oavite, July 29.) 

Secbetaby of Navy, Washifigton: 

Referring to your telegram July 20, strict blockade continues. The 
neutral vessels are not allowed to enter. From information, which I 
consider reliable, Spanish Governor-General would surrender to United 
States forces at once, if it was not for insurgent complication. In any 
event, they must capitulate very soon. Merritt and I are working 
together to this end. The remainder of Merritt's forces has not yet 
arrived. Fekin will leave to-morrow for San Francisco, Oal. 

Dewey. 



Hongkong, August 9, 1898. (Oavite, August 4.) 

Sbobetaby of Navy, Washington: 

The receipt of telegram of July 26 acknowledged. Have provisions 
for three months, fresh: also plenty of coal. Do not need provisions 
from Australia. The Monterey and Brutus arrived to-day. 

Dewey. 



Washington, August 12^ 1898. 
Dewey, ffongJcong: 

Peace protocol signed Dy President. Suspend all hostilities and 
blockade. 

Allen. 



Washington, August 12, 1898. 
Dewey, RongJcong: 

The protocol, signed by the President to-day, provides that the 
United States will occupy and hold the city, bay, and harbor of Manila 
pending the conclusion of a treaty of peace, which shall determine the 
control, disposition, and government of the Philippines. This is most 
important 

Allen, Acting. 



BUREAU OP N'AVIQATION. 119 



135047. 



[Talnftble MrvicM of British ooosul lit MiiolUi.] 



No. 412 D.l U. S. Naval Force on Asiatio Station, 

Flagship Olympian Cavite^ Philippine IslandSj July 27^ 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to inform the Department that Mr. E. H. 
Kawson Walker, Her Britannic M^jesty^s consul at Manila, has t>er- 
formed the trying duties of acting united States consul during the last 
three months in a most able and painstaking manner, and has been of 
invaluable assistance to mc, being my only means of communicating 
with the Spanish authorities, and the chief agent in the protection of 
foreign residents. 

I trust the United States Government will see fit to inform Her 
Britannic Majesty's foreign office of my deep appreciation of Mr. Baw- 
8on Walker^s valuable services. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

Oeorgb Dewbt, 
Rear-Admiral^ U. 8. JT,, 
Commanding U. S, Naval Force on Aeiatio Station^ 

The Sboretart of the Navy, 

Washington, i>. 0. 



Manila, August 13^ 1898. 
Secretary of the Navt, Washington: 

Manila, Philippine Islands, surrendered today to our land and naval 
forces after a combined attack. A division of the squadron shelled the 
forts and intrenchments at Malate, on the south side of the city, driving 
back enemy, our army advancing on that side at the same time. City 
surrendered about 5 p. m., the American flag being hoisted by Lieu- 
tenant Brumby. About 7,000 prisoners of war were taken. The 
squadron has no casualties; no vessel iiyured. On August 7 General 
Merritt and I formally demanded surrender city, which tlie Spanish 
governor-general refused. The Monainoch has not yet arrived. 

Dbwxt. 



Manila, August 14 , 1898. 
Beobbtary of the Navy, Washington: 

I desire to recommend strongly for promotion Flag Lieutenant Brumby, 
who has been inde£fttigable in the discharge of his duty from the begin- 
ning. He has represented me frequently in important negotiations, and 
has contributed much to the success of the Olympia. Also Lieutenant 
Tappon and Cadet White, who, lommanding the American gun vessel 
CiMao and launch BarcelOy respectively, accompanied the army advanc- 
ing on Manila, protecting flank under lire at short range. Also Ensign 
Caldwell, who again volunteered to command division. Also Ensign 
Soott, who did excellent work as signal officer in both engagements. 
Wfldes, commander of the Bostany desires to return home. Will relief 
beaeutt 

Dbwbt. 



120 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

No. 610-D.] 

United States Naval Force on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship Olympian Manila^ P. J., September 16^ 1898. 

Sm: In addition to the officers recommended for advancement in 
my telegrams of May 12 and Augast 14, 1 have the honor to recom- 
mend that the following-named executive officers and chief engineers 
of the squadron under my command at the destruction of the Spanish 
squadron and batteries at Cavite on May 1, 1898, be given similar 
advancement to those of the fleet which destroyed the Spanish squadron 
at Santiago de Cnba: 

Lieut. Commander F, Singer, executive officer U. S. S. Raleigh. 

Lieut. Commander J. B. Briggs, executive officer U. S. S. Baltimore. 

Lieut. Commander G. P. Colvocoresses, executive officer U. S. S. Con- 
cord. 

Lieut. Commander J. A. Norris, executive officer U. S. S. Boston. 

Lieut. B. M. Hughes, executive officer U. S. S. Petrel 

Lieut. O. P. Bees, executive officer U. S. Flagship Olympia. 

Chief Engineer J. Entwistle, fleet engineer U. S. Flagship Olympia. 

Chief Engineer J. D. Ford, U. S. S. Baltimore. 

Chief Engineer B. Inch, U. S. S. Boston. 

Chief Engineer G. B. Bansom, U. S. S. Concord, 

Chief Engineer F. H. Bailey. U . S. S. Raleigh. 

Chief Engineer B. T. Hall, U. S. S. Petrel. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

GEORas Dbwet, 
Rear Admiral^ U. 8. JT., 
Commanding U. 8. Naval Force on Asiatic Station. 

The Secretary of the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Wa^hington^ D. (7. 



141623. 

[GorrMpondenoe In o<nmecttoii with demand for the Bnrrender of the olty of Kftnllfc.] 

No. 437-D.] IT. S. Naval Force on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship Olympia^ Manila^ Philippine Islands^ August 16^ 1898. 

Sir : I have the honor to report that — 

On August 7, 1898, Mi^or General Merritt and I sent to the Spanish 
Governor-Cieneral and Captain- General at Manila a joint notice that 
operations might begin against the city at any time after forty-eight 
hours. A copy is inclosed, marked A. 

On the same date a reply was received, a copy of translation of which 
is inclosed, marked B, the original being in the possession of General 
Merritt. 

On August 9 General Merritt and I sent a joint formal demand for 
the surrender of the city and Spanish forces. A copy is inolosed| 
marked C. 

On the same date a reply was received, declining to surrender, but 
requesting the time necessary to communicate with Madrid. A copy 
ot translation is inclosed, marked D, the original being in the posses- 
sion of General Merritt. 

On August 10 we replied, declining to grant the time requested. A 
copy is inclosed, marked £. 

All of these communications were sent and received from Manila 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 121 

UiToogh the kindness of Oaptain Ohichester, of H. B. IL S. Immortalitej 
Aud Mr. H. A. Bainsden, firitish and United States acting consul. 

On Augnst 13 the United States land and naval forces made a joint 
attack on Manila, resulting in the surrender of that city on the same 
date. This is made the subject of a separate report. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

Gbgbge Dbwby. 
Rear Admiral, U, Is, N., 
Commanding U. & Kaval Force on Aeiaiic Station^ 

The Seosetaby of the Navt, 

Washington D. 0. 



HXADQUARTBRfl UKFTSD StATKS LaHD AND NaTAL FORCBS, 

ManUa Baf, Pkilippime Ulandi, Augu9i 7, 1898. 

Sir: We hAve the honor to notify yonr exceUenoy tiiat operations of the land and 
naral forces of the United States ag^ainst the defenses of Manila may begin at any 
tune after the expiration of forty-eifi^ht hours from the hour of receipt by yon of 
this oommnnication, or sooner if made necessary by an attack on your part. 

This notice is given in order to afford yon an opportunity to remove all nonoom- 
batants from the city. 

Very lespeotfnily, Wsslbt MxRRrrr, 

ifafsr-Geasraly U, 8. A., 
Cammmndimg Land Foree$ of ike UnUed Staim. 

Gborgb Dxwkt, 

Bsar-Admiral, U, 8, ^V., 
C&mwMinding U. 8* Naval Force on AtioHe Station. 
The GnnsRAL nr Chixf, 

CMMMifMiiii^ Spanish Jbroet in Manila. 



B. 

fXiualaaoa.] 

Manila, Angmt 7, 1898, 

: I have the honor to inform yonr ezoellenoies that at half-past 13 
to-day I reoeived the notioe with whieh yon favor me, that after forty-eight hours 
have elapsed yon may begin operations against this fortifled oityj or at an earlier 
hour if the forces under your command are attacked by mine. 

As yonr notice is sent for the purpose of providing for the safety of noncombat- 
antSy I give thanks to your excellencies for the humane sentiments you have shown, 
and state that finding myself surrounded by insurrectionary forces, I am without 
places of refuge for the increased numbers of wounded, sick, women, and children 
who are now lodged within the walls. 

Very respectftdly, and kissing the hands of yonr excellencies, 

FORMIIUB JaUDSNXS,* 

Gatemor-Goaerdl and Cfaptain-Geaerdl of the PkHippinee, 

The liAJOB-GxNKRAL ow THK Akmt and 
The Bkar-Admirai. of thx Navt, 

Cowmanding, reepecHvelgt the Military and Kavdl Foroee of ike United Staiee. 



C. 

HXADQUABTBBS UNITBD StaTSS LaND AND NaYAL FoRCKS, 

Manila Bay, Philippine Ulande, Auguei 9, 1898. 

Sir: The inevitable suffering in store for the wounded, sick, women, and children, 
in the event that it becomes our doty to reduce the defenses of the walled town in 
which they are gathered, will, we feel assured, appeal successfully to the sympathies 

* The discrepancy in the spelling of the signatures to B and D exists in the eopies 
hi the hands of the Department. 



122 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

of a general capable of making the determined and prolonged resistance which yom 
excefieuoy has exhibited after the loss of yonr naval forces, and withont hope of 
snocor. 

We therefore submit, without prejudice to the hieh sentiments of honor and duty 
which your excellency entertains, uiat surrounded on eyery side as you are by a 
constantly increasing force, with a powerful fleet in your front, and deprived of all 

Erospect of reinforcement and assistance, a most useless sacrifice of life would result 
1 the event of an attack, and therefore everjr consideration of humanity makes it 
imperative that yon should not subject your city to the^ horrors of a bombardment. 
Accordingly we demand the surrender of the city of Manila, and the Spanish forces 
onder yonr command. 

Very respectfully, Wbslby Mehritt, 

Major-Generalf U.S.A., 
Commanding Land Forces of the United Statee. 

Oborgb Dbwrt, 

Rear'Admiral, U.8,N,, 
Commanding U. S, Naval Foroe on Aaiatio Station, 

The Oovbbnor-Gbnbral and Captain-Genbral of thb Philippinbs. 



D. 

[Translation.] 

Gbxtlkmrn: Having received an intimation from yonr excellencies that, in obedi- 
ence to seiitimeuts of humanity to which you appeal, and which I share, I should ear- 
render this city and the forces nnder my orders, I have ashembled the council of 
defense, which declares that your request can not be granted, but taking account 
of the most exceptional circumstances existing in this city, which your excellencies 
recite and which I unfortunately have to admit, I would consult my Government if 
your excellencies will grant the time strictly necessary for this communication by 
way of Hongkong. 

Very respectfully, Fermik Jaudenbs,* 

Governor-General and Captain- General of the Philippinee, 

The MA.roR-GBNEitAL of the Army and 
The Rear- Admiral of the Navy, 

Commanding, reepeotivelyf the Military and Naval Foroee of the United Statee, 



E. 

Hbadquartbrs Ukitbd SiATEs Land and Naval Forobs, 

Manila Bay, Auguet 10, 1898. 

Sir: We have the honor to acknowledge the communication of your excellency of 
the 8th instant, in which ^ou suggest your desire to consult yonr Government in 
regard to the exceptional circumstances in your city, provided tne time to do so can 
be granted by ns. 

In reply we respectfully inform your excellency that we decline to grant the time 
requested. 

Very respectfully, Wesley Mbrritt, 

Major-General, U. S. A., 
Commanding U, S. Land Foroee, 

George Dewey, 

Rear-Admiral, U. S. N., 
Commanding U. S, Naval Force, AeiaUc Station. 

The Goysbnob-Geotbral akd Captain-Gem eral of thb Philippines. 



WASHINGTON, August 13j 1898. 

Dewet (care American Consul), Hongkong: 

The President desires to receive from you any important information 
you may have of the Philippines; the desirability of the several islands; 
the character of their population; coal and other mineral deposits; their 

* The discrepancy in the spoiling of the signatures to B and D exists in the copies 
in the hands of the Department. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 123 

harbor and commercial advantages, and in a naval and commercial sense 
which wonld be the most advantageous. If yon have other informa- 
tion which may be of value to the Government in their negotiations, 
the President may desire yonr presence here. If he should request you 
to come, take the quickest route of travel. 

Allen. 



Manila, August 20 ^ 1898. 

Secrktaby op the Navy, Washington: 

Referring to the Department's telegram of August 13, important 
islands are: Golon, Luzon, Panay, Cebu, Negros, Leyte. Others, owing 
to the nature of the inhabitants, have a small amount of civilization, 
want of cultivation. They may be neglected, especially isles of southern 
group. Luzon is in all respects tlie most desirable to retain. Oontains 
most im])ortant commercial ports. Manila is farthest north. Produces 
all of the good tobacco. Friendly natives. Oivilization somewhat 
advanced. Not yet developed. Possible rich minerals. Population, 
825,000. Subic Bay best harbor for coaling purposes and military. 
Water deep; landlocked; easily defended. Strategically, command of 
bay and city of Manila, witli arsenal at Cavite, most valuable. Panay, 
Gebu, Negros thickly populated, most civilized, and well cultivated. 
Iloilo second commercial port; center of sugar trade; a good harbor 
strategically; in view of the situation, good for defense. Gebu third 
commercial port; a good harbor, very desirable. No coal of good qual- 
ity can be procured in Philippine Islands. 8ome has been mined on 
Cebn, English company. I trust it may not be necessary to order me 
to Washington. Shonld regret very much to leave here while matters 
remain in xiiesent critical condition. 

Dewey. 



WAsniNOTON, August 27 y 1898. 
DfiWEY, Manila: 

The President has received your telegram, and will respect your 
wishes and not direct you to leave your present duty. He desires you 
to communicate to General Merritt your views upon the general ques- 
tion of the Philippines, with such information as you have, and to 
transmit to the President in writing by the quickest method (possibly 
by hand of Merritt) the substance of your suggestions to Merritt. 

Allen. 



[HntUvted in tnnnnlMloii.] 

HoNGEGNa, August 17 J 1898. 
SECnSETABY OP THE Navy, WosUngion. 
Send the following telegram : 

To Adjittaiyt-Gkneral: 

InBorgents demand joint occapation of the city. Inform me how far I sbaU pro- 
ceed in forcing obedience of the inHurgents in this matter and others that may arise. 
Is the OoYemment willing to nee all means and • • • the natives to submit to 
authority of Umited States! Mx&RrrT. 

Dbwby. 



124 BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Washington, August 17, 1898. 
Dbwey, Hongkong : 

Answering your joint cable, the President directs as follows: 
There mast be no joint occupation with the insurgents. The United 
States, in the possession of city, bay, and harbor of Manila, must pre- 
serve peace, protecting persons and property in the territory occupied 
by their military and naval forces. Insurgents and all others must rec- 
ognize the military occupation and authority of the United States and 
the cessation of hostilities proclaimed by the President. Use any means 
in your judgment necessary to this end. All law abiding people must 
be treated alike. 

Allen. 



Manila, August 23^ 1898. 

Seobbtaby of the ISTavy, Washington: 

A large number of vessels of all classes in bay and river when Manila 
was taken. All were registered as Spanish property, and, as such, prizes 
of the fleet. Have control of all of them, but allow some to be used by 
former possessors to facilitate commerce. Shall prizes be appraised 
and bonded and put in regular trade, or held in port pending appoint- 
ment by the President of prize commissioners f 

Dewey. 



Washington, August 23^ 1898. 
Dewey, Manila: 

Shipping, when taken in consequence of joint operation of land and 
naval forces, not subject to condemnation as prize under the statutes. 
Supreme Oourt so decided. Private shipping belonging to enemy may 
be taken for use of Government, but our policy is not to take unless 
needed for public purposes. 

Allen. 



Manila, August 26^ 1898. 
Seobetaby of Navy, Washington: 

Important that commerce should commence. There are a number of 
registered Spanish steamers here that are ready to begin trading. Will 
the Oovernment authorize that they sail under neutral flags f Answer. 

Dewey. 



Washington, August S7^ 1898. 
Dewey, Ma/nila: 

Keplying to your telegram of 26th, there is no objection to Spanish 
steamers trading, in a legitimate way, under their own flag, or the flags 
of such nations as the vessels may be legally transferred to. Spanish 
vessels are being allowed to trade in American waters now, sailing 
under their own flag. There is no reason why the same practice should 
not prevail in Manila, subject to such supervision as the situation may 
require. 

Allen, Acting Secretary. 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 125 

Washington, August 27^ 1898. 
De\vxt, ffongJcong: 

Trausmittiug telegram received by State Departineut: 

Large number Spanish priests and civil officers, aa element dangerous to United 
Staiea, wish to leave for Hongkong. No means of transportation. Army anthori- 
ties willing to send transports same via Hongkong, but lack authority. Will War 
Department oable me authorization f No expense to Goyemment. Offloers all 
advise measure. 

WIIJJAM8, ConMul. 

The President desires your views and suggestions upon this subject 

Allen. 



Manila, August 28 j 1898. 
Secbetaby op the Navy, Washington: 

Aui advised that in addition to Spanish civil authorities there are 
about 750 priests, who are anxious to leave the country. Strongly 
advise that they be given passage to Hongkong, as they are heartily 
disliked by the insurgents, and tbeir departure would tend to appease 
latter and to promote harmony. 

Dexitsy. 



Washington, August 29^ 1898. 
Dewey, Manila : 

At the instance of the French ambassador, information concerning 
treatment of Spanish prisoners by insurgents is requested. 

Allen, Acting Secretary. 



Manila, August 31 j 1898. 
Seobetary op the Navy, Washington : 

Referring to your telegram of August 29, from my observation and 
that of my officers, the Spanish prisoners are not treated cruelly by 
the insurgents, but they are neglected, not from design, but owing to 
want of proper food supply, medical outfit, and attendance. 

Dewey. 



Washington, September 7, 1898. 
DEWEYy Manila: 

By direction of the President, you will exert your influence during 
suspension of hostilities between United States and Spain to restrain 
insurgent hostilities toward Spaniards, and while maintaining a posi- 
tion of rightful supremacy as to the insurgents to pursue, so far as pos- 
sible, a conciliatory course to all. 

Allen, Acting Secretary^ 

141625. 

(SerrlcM rendered b> Belgian oonral at Manila.] 

No. 440 D.) U. S. Naval Foeoe on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship Olympia^ Manilaj August 17 j 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to inform the Department of the services 
rendered by Mr. Edonard O. Andr£, the Belgian consul at Manila, whr 
knowing tiiat the fall of the city was inevitable, has been most assid 



126 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

ous in his endeavors to bring about its surrender without loss of life or 
property. 

This gentleman has acted as intermediary between the two Governor- 
Generals on the one hand and General Merritt and myself on the other, 
carrying several important communications, among them a message from 
me to the Governor-General to the effect that if the numerous batteries 
on the water front of the walled city kept silent the city would not be 
shelled. The effect of this was the capture of this rich and populous 
city without loss of life to the squadrou or to uoncombatauts and with 
little or none to our army. 

It may be mentioned here that the Governor-General and Captain- 
General, Don Basilic Augustin, was relieved of command and authority 
on the 4th instant by Don Fermin Jandenes, the former second in com- 
mand. This change was made under orders from Madrid and the cause 
was said to have been that Don Basilic Augustin was disposed to sur- 
render without a struggle. 

The new Governor-General being thus committed to make a strong 
resistance, it is much to the credit of Mr. Andr^ that his counsel pre- 
vailed, and that in the attack the city batteries did not fire. 

I trust that the Government will see fit to make some acknowledg- 
ment of Mr. Andre's valuable services. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

George Dewey, 
RearAdmiralj V. S. N'., 
Oommanding U, S. Naval Force on Asiatic Station, 

The Secretary of the Navy, 

Navy JJepartmentj Washington^ D. (7. 



141451. 

[Selinre of ateanier Aliby.] 
[Received at WMhlngton, D. C, Soptember 27, 1898.] 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington: 

Having received information American steamer A&b^ left Macao Sep- 
tember 21 with cargo of arms for Batangas sent McOulloch. 

Arrived Batangas 23d, found her in harbor having arrived three days 
earlier and landed cargo. Only Philippines on board. They refused 
to give any information and had no papers whatever. Seized and 
brought her here, where now hold her. This steamer, formerly Pasig^ 
registered American vessel. United States consulate, Canton, have 
information she made one voyage of same kind before 

Dewey. 

7.12 A. M. 



147192. 

United States Naval Force on Asiatic Station, 

Flagship Olympia, Cnvite^ l\ /., September 19^1898. 

Sir: In accordance with paragrapli /, article 260, United States 
Navy Regulations, I have the honor to submit the following report of 
the operations of the United States Naval Force on Asiatic Station 
during the period from July 1, 1897, to August 31, 1898: 

The squadron was under the command of Bear- Admiral F. V. 
McNair, U. S. N., until January 3, 1898, when I relieved him. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 127 

It bu inoladed the following vessels during the period covered by 
this report: 

Olympia, flagship. 

Bo9ionn 

Monocaey. 

Fetrel 

Tarktown; left the station (at Yokohama) October 2, 1897. 

Maehias; left the station (at Aden) January 9, 1898. 

Oancord; arrived on station (at Yokohama) February 9, 1898. 

Raleigh; arrived on station (at Aden) January 5, 1898. 

MeCuUoehy revenue cutter; attached to station (at Hongkong) April 
17, 1898. 

Baltimore; arrived on station (at Yokohama) April 11, 1898. 

Nanshanj eoUier; purchased (at Hongkong) April 6, 1898. 

2a/lro, supply vessel; purchased (at Hougkoug) April 11, 1898. 

Manila; captured (at Gavite) May 1, 1898. 

Callao; captured (at Gavite) May 1, 1898. 

Charleeion ; arrived on station (at Gavite) June 30, 1898. 

City of Peking^ transport and storeship ; arrived on station (at ManUa) 
June 30, 1898; left station (at Manila) June 30, 1898. 

Monterey; arrived on station (at Manila) August 4, 1898. 

Brututj collier; arrived on station (at Manila) August 4, 1898. 

Monadnock; arrived on station (at Manila) August 16, 1898. 

Nero, collier; arrived on station (at Manila) August 16, 1898. 

Daring the first part of the fiscal year the routine work of the 
squadron was carried on, nearly all the ports on the Ghina and Japan 
coasts being visited, and especial attention being paid to Ghemulpo on 
account of the disturbed condition of Korea. 

On February 26, 1898, orders from the Department were received 
to assemble the squadron at Hongkong, and all the vessels except the 
Monoeaey were sent there with the greatest possible dispatch. The 
Nanehan and Zafiro were purchased and filled with coal and provisions, 
and all vessels were kept ready to move at twenty-four hours' notice. 

On April 25 the squadron, now consisting of the Olympia^ Boston, 
Raleigh, Baltimore, Concord, Petrel, McCulloch, Nanshan, and Zafiro, 
proceeded to Mirs Bay, Ghina, in consequence of the neutrality procla- 
mation of the governor of Hongkong, and on the 27th sailed for the 
Philippines. 

On the night of April 30 the squadron entered Manila Bay through 
the Boca Orande, ineffectively opposed by the batteries at that entrance, 
which fired only a few shots. 

At daybreak on May 1 engaged the Spanish squadron at Gavite 
and the shore batteries at Gavite and Manila, the engagement resulting 
in the destruction of the Spanish squadron and the capture of the 
Gavite batteries and naval arsenal with the armed transport Manila 
and numerous small vessels and tugs. 

On May 3 the Raleigh and Baltimore proceeded to the entrance of 
the bay and took the batteries there without resistance, paroling the 
garrisons. 

A strict blockade of Manila was now established, the squadron hav- 
ing complete possession of the bay, with headquarters at Gavite, where 
the arsenal was occupied and put in order and the workshops used for 
small repairs. 

This arsenal contains excellent machine shops, with good facilities 
for making repairs of small extent; also numerous storehouses an^^ 
living quarters in good condition. There are two slips for hauling or 



128 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



small vessels. The arsenal has beeu pat in excellent order by Com- 
nmnder E. P. Wood, IJ. S. Navy, and has been made a valuable adjunct 
to the fleet, being nsed for repairs to the vessels of the fleet, the trans- 
ports, and the nuinerons tnp^s and lannches. Native laborers and 
mechanics have been employed. Much credit is due to Chief Engineer 
B. T. Hall, U. S. Navy, who has had charge of the steam engineering 
Department and has conducted it with energy and ability. 

On May 12 the Spanish gunboat Callao entered the bay and was 
taken, her crew being parol^. The Callao and Manila were commis- 
sioned as tenders to the flagship. 

The first detachment of the army arrived on June 30, convoyed by 
the Baltimore f which had been sent to Gape Engano for that purpose. 
The Charleston accompanied this expedition, having, on June 21, taken 
possession, in the name of the United States, of Guam and the Ladrone 
Islands. The troops of this, as of the other expeditions, were landed 
with the assistance of the squadron. 

On July 7 the Raleigh and Concord proceeded to Subic Bay and cap- 
tared Isla Grande, at its entrance, without serious resistance. 

There being no cable communication the McGulloch and Zafiro made 
frequent voyages to Hongkong with dispatches. 

On August 13, having previously summoned the Spanish governor- 
general to surrender, the army and the fleet under my command made 
a joint attack upon the city of Manila, resulting in its capture without 
loss or damage to the fleet. 

The blockade was then raised and the port opened to commerce. 
The Pasig River, which had been obstructed with sunken vessels by 
the Spanish, was cleared, and t^e lights and aids to navigation rees- 
tablished. This work was carried on by Captain Glass, of the Charles- 
ton^ who had been appointed captain of the port. 

The Baleifjhj Olympia^ Concord^ and Boston have been sent to Hong- 
kong to dock; the other vessels to follow shortly. 

Detailed statements of the movements of the various vessels are con- 
tained in the cruising reports on file in the Department. 

The number of tons of coal consumed and cost thereof are as foUows: 



Vessel. 



Tout. 



Oljmpift ftod tenden 7.870.6 

Baltimore " 4,947 



Boeton, 
Charleatozk.. 
Conoord .... 
MoCollooh. 
Honadnook 
Monooeoy.. 
Montorey.. 
Petrel 



Raleigh.... 
Total 



2,568.7 
1.784.8 
1.114 

867.6 
4,001.9 

794 
8,036 
1,002.4 
6.9S1.6 



82,818.4 



Goei. 



196.802.04 
49. 978. 28 
83,666.18 
20,769.38 
10,799.96 

8,722.64 
84,698.48 

7,866.00 
24,376.70 

0, 841. 62 
88.640.68 



880.000.71 



KambcT 

o( tuns 

of which 

ooet not 

giren. 



1,148.8 



878.2 
560.6 
427.8 



101 

180 

1.262.2 



4,001.6 



The vessels generally are in excellent condition. They have been 
docked at the interval required by regulations, exceiit when war service 
has interfered. The boiler tubes of the Boston give out frequently and 
the boilers are limited to 70 pounds pressure. The Monocacy is in the 
same condition as at last report, and by order of the Department she 
is kept in the Yangtse River. The Raleigh is in good condition, except 
the engines and boilers, which have been under almost constant repair. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



129 



Owing to tLo faalty constructiou of bor fire rooms, the heat below is 
SQch iLiit she will never be efticieut in this regard. The Baltimore is 
in good coudition, except the boilers, which are only fkir. 

The efficiency of the vessels, as shown by their behavior in action, is 
excellent. 

The sqnadron roatine has been carried out, except when war service 
interfered. Regular target practice was held according to prescribed 
methods during the first half of the fiscal year, after which it was dis- 
continued, the ammunition being needed for war purposes. Esiiecial 
attention has been paid to subcaliber practice. The marksmanship in 
action was excellent. 

Discipline has been very good. The following table shows the num- 
ber of enUstments, discharges, desertions, general and summary courte- 
martial, and petty punishments: 



Olrmpla... 
IU!t-iuorB.. 

l(M«t«>ii 

rharl««toD. 
Coiicord ... 

MwlUMiBlit k 

Monocary.. 
M<*at«r«7.. 

I'rlral 

KaWigh.... 

Total 



Snllsi- 
menu. 


Di«. 
chngtm. 


DeMT- 

Uona. 


G«iMnl 
eonrto- 
martUL 


Special 
ooorta* 
martial. 


Petty 

pimisV 
meota. 


70 


71 


13 


1 




063 


18 


8 


24 


1 


13 


370 


U 


18 


8 


3 


16 


430 


4 


2 










136 


a 


1 










154 


10 


14 


2 







17 


14 


18 


22 







306 


40 


28 


10 







170 


42 


27 


42 


& 


20 


484 


8 


6 


11 


5 




257 


40 


16 


23 


8 


10 


840 


280 


204 


156 


If 


118 


4,»4 



Tlie sanitary condition has been remarkably good. A number of 
the vessels were for some time in a port where smalli)Ox and plague 
were epidemic, but they escaped entirely, although the contagion reached 
other men-of-war in the harbor. During four months in Manila Bay 
there has been almost no sickness. The following table shows the per- 
centages of sick, number of deaths, number sent to hospital, and numl>er 
invalided home: 



• 

VtMaL 


SUsk. 


DMtha. 


HoapitaL 


Home. 


OlTmpia ...•••...•....•••...••.......••••.•........•..•..•.•... 


P«r0Mil. 
1.25 
1.24 
2.16 
2.88 
2.68 
&80 
1.16 
2.17 
1.10 
2.48 
5.77 




86 

18 



12 

3 

7 

22 

10 

18 



16 


• 


Banlmart 








^^•rlaatflB .....^....x...... ............ 




OoBeffH 




MeCnUoeh 




Monadnock 








MaSiem ."-.......... .1.^1! J. ..!....!,...^l..i...„.^..'J.\ 




p«te«l... 




RaMffb 




^^^■^^•"" ••••••••••••••••■•■••••■■••••••••■••••••••"••••■••••■••■ 




Total 


13 


150 


24 









I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

Gborge Dbwet, 
Rear-Admiralf U, 8. 2^., 
Commanding XT. 8. Naval Force on Asiatic Station. 

The Bkobbtaby of the Navt, 

Navy Departmentj Wa$hingtonj J). 0. 

(Borean of Navigation.) 



130 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Manila, September 24^ 1898. 
Seobetaby Nayy, Washington: 

Following former Spanish vessels in my possession : Manil-aj commis- 
sioned July 20^ Lieut. Oommander Frederic Singer; OaUaOj commis- 
sioned July 2, Lieut. Benjamin Tappan ; gunboatXeyte, also one gunboat, 
name doubtful, believed [to be] Mindanao; also armed launch Baroelo^ 
temporarily commissioned for action August 13, Naval Oadet W. B. 
White. 

Dbwet. 



OPERATIONS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN, NOT INCMIDINCl OPKIIA 
TIONS UNDER COMMANDER IN CHIEF ASIATIC STATION. 

(1) lOBCELLABrEOUS OPERATIOM. 

(3) 8E1ZUBE OF THE LADBOHE tnUAfiVn^ 



m 



OPERATIONS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN, NOT INCLUDING OPERA 
TIONS UNDER COMMANDER IN CHIEF ASIATIC STATION. 

{1) mSCELLANEOUS OPERATIONS. 



tss 



opxRATiovs nr the pacific oceah, hot nrcLTJDnra opeea- 

TIOVS UVSEE COMMASDEE DT CHIEP ASIARC STATIOV. 

inSOELLANEOUS OPERATIONS. 

Acting ander orders of the Department, Bear* Admiral J. N. Miller, 
U. S. N.y commander in chief Pacific Station, left Honolnln on May 1, 
18d8, with his staff, arriving at San Francisco on May 9, where tem- 
ponuy headqnarters were established. 

Washington, April 27^ 1898. 

Sib: Inclosed herewith yon will find a copy of a letter from Lient. 
Commander J. F. Moser, U. S. N., regarding the scheme of defense for 
the Pacific coast. Please consider this document, and propose to the 
Department such a scheme as yon think will be effective. 

Yon will bear in mind that it will probably be necessary to convoy 
vessels from the outlet of the EJondike to Pnget Sound ; and, of course, 
in this case those vessels must be assembled and have regular schedule 
time for sailing. Would it be worth while to extend this system to 
vessels from Panamaf The Department is doubtful about this. 

Until the Department gives you further directions you are at liberty 
to make such disposition of the forces for the defense of the Pacific 
coast as may seem to you proper. 
Very respectfully, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 

ftear- Admiral J. N. Milleb, U. S. N. 



[iBolMurs to abore letter.] 

WASmNOTON, April gl, 1898, 
Hon. TmoDORS Roosxvblt, 

A§9Uia%t Sasretary of the Nary, Nary Departmenif Waahingion, D. C. 

Sib: In oomplianoe with your verbal request, I beg leave to submit the foUowing 
memorand* retatlDg to the aefeuaee of the west coast of the United States and Alaska, 
in the event of war with Spain : 

Considering the available naval force, there are three initial stations between 
VanconTer Island and the Mexican boundarv at which able fighting Tessels should 
be stationed ready for call to any point. The first of these is sonthem CaUfomia, 
the seoond San Francisco, and the third Puget Sound. 

For the defense of the first a vessel like the Monterey stationed at San Pedro, with 
two patrol vessels and rignal stations on the outer islands, would suffice. San Fran- 
etsoo has a number of modem high-power guns mounted for ^e protection of the 
entrance, and with a vossel like the CharluUni, ready for a call at any moment, and 
three patrol vessels with signal stations at the Farallones and communications with 
the light-honse stations, would, with our present means, be adequate. For the 
defense of Puget Sound, the Monadnoek, stationed at Port Angeles or Port Townsend, 
with one patrol vessel at the entrance to the Strait of Fuca and one in Washington 
Soand, would probably be the best disposition of the available foroe. The approaches 
to the Columbia River should not be forgotten : a large cruiser with good speed 
would not only give good service here but could^ if necessary, assist in defending 

135 



13 G BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Puget Sonnd. Tbe salmon- canning industry at Alaska is large, having an onf pnt of 
nearly one million cases per year, with canneries, representing a large investmeut, 
scattered throaghoat the Territory from Dixon Entrance to Bristol Bay in Bering 
Sea. From Dixon Entrance to the head of Lynn Canal there are eight operating 
canneries, one large oil and gnano factory, and numerons salteries. For the protec- 
tion of these indnstries, the unprotected towns, the line of steamers plying between 
Dyea and Skagnay and Puget Sound, a large vessel, with two smaller ones for patrol 
duty, would probably be sufficient. 

In Prince William Sound there are two oanneriee, in Cooks Inlet two, on the 
Island of Kadiak nine, and in Chignik Bay four. Two vessels, with headquarters at 
Karluk, could probably protect the district. On the tributaries to Bristol Bay there 
are nine or ten canneries, but it is hardly probable that they would be in danger, as 
the navigation of their waters is very hazardous. 

St. Michael, north of the entrance to the Yukon, is the point at which the product 
for the Klondike is transshipped, and it has been estimated that at least fifteen mil- 
lions of treasure may be earned from St. Michael during 1898. These vessels call at 
Unalaska, where it is reliably reported 17,000 tons of coal will be received during 
the season. It is probable that the treasure vessels will aak for convoys, and I 
believe that two vessels like the Bennington, with sufficient speed to keep up with 
the convoyed, and two patrol vessels, would not be too many to have centered at 
Unalaska for the protection of the coal depot, the carrying steamers, aild the can- 
neries. Scattered throuffh Alaska at the oanneriee and fisheries there will be from 
ten to fourteen thousand tons of coal, and that, together with that at Unalaska, 
unless protected, can easily be captured by an enemy. 

As there is no telegraphic communication with Alaska and out of Sitka, only a 
monthly mail service lo unalaska, I would suggest in this connection that a aoti ior 
officer with wide discretionary powers be stationed, one at Sitka and one at Una- 
laska. 

The officer commanding the Pacific Station should, in my opinion, be stationed at 
San Francisco, and he should have wide discretion as to the disposition of his forces. 
Very respectfully, 

Jkffbrson F. Moskr, 
LieutenanUCammander, U, 13, N, 



WASHiNaTON, May 4, 1898. 
Navy- Yard, Mare Island, Oal. : 

Steamer City ofPekin, due to arrive San Francisco, May 5, has been 
chartered for transport for Asiatic Station and mnst be prepared with 
utmost dispatch at navy-yard or. San Francisco, as yon deem most 
expedient, to carry the ammunition you have been directed to put up 
for Asiatic fleet. Other bureaus may have stores to send, and have been 
directed to inform you as to kind and quantity. Ordnance wants space 
for about 400 tons of ammunition, for which proper provision should 
be made, remote from fire rooms or coal. 

Troops may be sent also. How many can vessel carry and how soon 
can she be made ready to receive themf 

Owners supply everything for the voyage out and back except fuel 
and other steaming necessaries, which Government will furnish ; vessel 
should be supplied with as much coal as she can carry in bunkers and 
in cargo space not otherwise needed, and owners must provision her 
for long voyage. A naval officer will go in her to look out for interests 
of the Government and to direct her movements. 

Department desires vessel ready not later than May 15, and sooner 
if possible. If no troops are carried, how soon can she be made ready f 
Do not arrange for troops until directed. If vessel needs docking, 
owners must do it immediately. The necessary authority is given you 
to have such work done and sappliea obtained as pertains to the Gov- 
ernment. How many tons of dead weight can vessel carry exclusive 
of coal in bunkers. How many first and second class passengers can 
she carry as now arranged. What speed can she maintain under 
ordinary conditions on long voyage and upon how much coal daily. 

Long. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 137 

Kavy Dbpabtmbnt, Washingtanj Maig 10^ 1898. 

Son: As soon as the steamship City of Peking is ready for sea you win 
proceed in charffe of that vessel, as fitr as directing her movements are 
eooeemedy to Manila, Pliilippine Islands, first touching at Honolala, 
Hawaiian Islands, where you will find the U. S. S. Oharleston awaiting 
yoQ. 

Yon will report to the commanding officer of that vessel, and from 
there on yon will consider yourself under his orders. 

Ton wul deliver the orders inclosed* herewith to the commanding 
officer of tiie Ckarlenton immediately upon your arrival at Honolulu. 
Very respectfully, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 

0(wunander William 0. Gibson, U. S. N., 

In charge of chartered steamer Cfity of Peking^ Mare Island^ Oal. 



/ 

Washington, May 21^ 1898. 

Katy Yabd, Mare Island, Cal: 

Inform Ck>mmander Gibson orders for Peking are so modified that he 
will not be convoyed by the Charleston but will proceed, in company 
with the Sydney and Australia, on May 24, or soon as ready for sea, to 
Honolulu, and after filling with coal, to Cape Engano ofif the northeast 
otast of Luzon, where he will await a convoy from Dewey and then 
proceed to Manila. Convoying ve^^sol will be off Cape Engano twenty- 
four days afUr the departure of Peking t^om San Francisco. 

Long. 



Washington, May 21j 1898. 
Navy Yabd, Mare Island, Oal.: 

Bend orders to Charleston by Peking, to permit Peking to proceed from 
Honolulu to Philippine islands without convoy. 

Long. 



i449ea 

(TranaportlDg of troops on Paeifle.] 

Los Angklbs, Cal., October 19, 1898. 

Btr: In obedience to your telegram of the 14th instant, I have the 
honor to transmit the following report ni>on the transport system as 
observed by me during the war with Spain: 

In the first place, the system in use at present has no merits what- 
ever, and I have attempted briefly to outline its defects and to suggest 
meamires for their relief. 

The first ex|»edition to Manila, consisting of the City of Peking, the 
A MMfralia, and the City of Sydney, which siiiled from San Francisco on 
May 25, 18U8, was partly under naval control, the City of Peking being 
chartered by the Navy Department and having a naval ofiicer in com- 
Band, while the other two ships had naval ofiicers on board in an 
advisory capacity. Few complaints have been heard from this cx]>e(li- 
tioD. Being Joined by the U. 8. S. Charleston at Honolulu, they thus 

* Order inclosed Ib on pftge 151. 



138 BUREAU OF NAVIOATIOW, 

became almost entirely under naval management, and all friction between 
tbe army officers and the transport captains was thereby eliminated. 
Wise regulations adopted by tbe naval officers on each of these vessels 
enabled the army officers on board to keep their men in proper discipline 
afloat and to care for their health and comfort. 

It was in the second expedition, composed of the chartered transports 
Ohinaj Senator^ Zeelandiaj and Colony and the third expedition, which 
included the steamers Indianaj OhiOj City of Para^ Valenciaj and Mor- 

San City^ that more glaring defects came to light, and these were caused 
y the following reasons : 

First. The absence of any naval officer in control. 

Second. The impossibility of the army to understand the dividing 
line between the military control of troops on board ship and the nau- 
tical regulations, which consist of the observance of such rules as refer 
to health and comfort of the troops. They had evidently no instruc- 
tions on this subject. 

Third. The assumption by military men of nautical control, of which 
they are absolutely ignorant. 

Certain of these vessels, notably the Zeelandiaj were unfitted for 
carrying troops through a region where storms are so firequent as in the 
vicinity of Manila. Note the heavy weather made by this ship in a 
gale while proceeding from Manila to Nagasaki on her return trip to 
San Francisco. 

Friction existed between the army officers commanding and the cap- 
tains of the transports from tlie start, because neither knew at first the 
limit of their authority, and the captains resented interference in strictly 
nautical matters. 

Then again, the men were improperly berthed. They should have 
been provided with hammocks, instead of which they were furnished 
with bunks of the crudest kind, which they used very little, preferring 
to sleep on deck as soon as they arrived in the Tropics, which they were 
allowed to do ofttimes to the detriment of their health. 

According to the officers of the Valencia^ it was simply impossible to 
keep the quarters below decks in a cleanly condition The army offi- 
cers were advised to take the necessary steps to preserve cleanliness, 
which some of them attempted to do, but were unable to carry out. The 
bedding soon became unfit for use and had to be thrown overboard. 

The &oops were not clean in their persons, because no wise bathing 
regulations were adopted and the regular ^^ scrub and wash" clothes 
was unknown. Lice and other vermin were rampant The men spit 
on the deck, threw waste food on deck, and defecated there without 
regard to the expostulations of the officers of the transport. The 
soldiers ran aloft as they pleased and exposed themselves to the risk of 
falling overboard. A guard was mounted, it is true, in certain parts of 
the ship, but as no reports were made to the officer of the deck, numer- 
ous accidents might have happened without his knowledge in time to 
avert them. 

Tbe men were lined up like convicts to receive their food, when mess 
arrangements might easily have been made. 

The captain of the Valencia had never seen the contract with the 
Government, and was furnished with no written orders whatsoever. 
To illustrate a misunderstanding that occurred: At San Francisco the 
quartermaster in charge appeared and demanded in a very peremptory 
manner to know why the transport was not ready for sea, as he bad 
been waiting for some time for a report irom her. The captain replied 
that be bad been waiting also for certain army stores to be loaded on 



BX7BEAU OF NAVIGATION. 139 

board, which it was the dnty of the qnartermaster himself to do, and 
thas the transport was detained at a critical time, each one not under- 
standing the extent of the others' province. 

Compelled to lie some days outside of Honolnla, the captain of the 
Valeneia foresaw that his fresh water woald be short, and made every 
effort to have his tanks filled before sailing for Manila. Ko one in 
authority evidently understood the importance of this necessity. No 
water was furnished and the troops had to be kept on short allowance. 
Had any accident happened absolute suffering would have ensued. 

On the return txip from Manila water unfit for use was famished, 
and only by the most stringent precautions were passengers and crew 
kept in a healthy condition. 

It is vitally essential that every transport should have a condenser, 
and I do not believe there was one in the whole fleet. 

Gertain captains resented the control of nonnautical men until, as 
they confessed to me, their spirit was absolutely mutinous on account 
of the character of the orders given. 

On the voyage out the formation was defective. Captains misunder- 
stood signals and were neglectful in carrying out orders. 

There were misunderstandings about the discharging of the trans- 
ports at Manila, the quartermaster at first thinking it the duty of the 
captains, and upon final persuasion made separate contracts with them 
to discharge their ships for additional compensation, and finally putting 
matters in charge of a general stevedore. All this caused delay, con- 
fusion, and expense. 

The detention of the transports at Manila, as well as the delay in 
discharging them, should be made the subject of special inquiry. 

For lack of proper management these transports were kept day after 
day at Government exx>en8e, even after they were discharged of their 
army stores. 

The Springfield Bepublican, in an editorial in its issue of September 
30, very aptly states the case, and inquires why the transport China 
was kept waiting forty days in Manila Harbor, at a cost of $1,500 a day 
to the Government. 

The transport Valencia was detained at Honolulu at least one day 
and a half longer than necessary, at a cost to the Government of $ 1,275. 
A slight advance in the price of labor would have enabled her to coal 
Saturday atternoon and Sunday, which days were spent in idleness. 

The army officer in charge of coaling transports at Honolulu openly 
advocated the adoption of the '' Queen's Regulations," with which he 
was familiar, frankly acknowledging the inability of the army authori- 
ties to cope with this matter. 

The landing of troops would have been done in a more thorough man- 
ner had the system been in the hands of the Navy. 

The problem of transporting troops far away from our own coasts is 
not a trivial matter, and must be taken in hand systematically from the 
start. The proper arrangements would include such a system as will 
find the men on their arrival on board ship properly berthed and messed, 
regular station bills being made out for this i>urpose to avoid confusion. 
Once fully on board ship a regular routine should be established, and 
to properly carry this out it would require the control of the whole 
organization for the time being by the captain, and under him the officer 
of the deck on board the transport No combination system can carry 
out the proper routine. In other words, while on board ship the mili- 
tary must be subordinated to the naval, and the military officers must 
acquiesce in that coutroL 



140 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

It is absolutely essential that the ship officers have control of the 
berthing) because they are the ones familiar with their ship, and this can 
be accomplished by the cooperation with them of the adjutant, who 
shoald visit the ship a reasonable time before with his roster, and the 
executive officer of the transport can then make out his berthing and 
messing plans, and these can be filled out so that when the men come 
on board they may fall right into their places without confusion of any 
kind. 

The present system or lack of system at use during this war shows 
how absolutely lacking were all arrangements to conduce to the health 
and comfort of the men. 

After berthing and messing, the men should begin a regular routine 
similar to that in use on board of a man-of-war. In the early morning 
the time should be devoted to cleanliness and each man should be 
required to bathe, and scrub his clothes, and then breakfast; then, in 
good weather, the companies in turn should driU in a part of the ship 
reserved for such purpose; then dinner should be had; a short time 
devoted to rest, if in the tropics, and afternoon drills should take place. 
The officers of the guard should receive minute instructions as to the 
police regulations of lights and fires, also the reporting of all conduct 
contrary to cleanliness and good order, which should be promptly investi- 
gated and an example made. 

It is evident that the Navy would find itself severely strained Dy the 
detail of officers for the Army transport service, and, to meet this sud- 
den expansion, I have to suggest the formation of a national naval 
reserve somewhat on the lines of the English naval reserve. This is 
to be composed of— 

First. Graduates of the Naval Academy in civil life who are willing 
to put in the proper time on board ship to keep them in touch with the 
service. 

Second. Officers of merchant vessels, of excellent character, who are 
able to pass the necessary examinations and who are enabled to com- 
ply with the necessary regulations to keep them in touch with the 
sei*vice. 

In the first place I will instance as an example myself. My rank 
under this law would be lieutenant. United States naval reserve. I 
would receive no pay except when actually on duty and would be 
required to perform an equivalent of two months' service of each year 
on a regular naval vessel on this coast. I would advance on the naval 
reserve as my class advanced upon the. active list. This would give 
you a class of officers whom you could employ or not as suited your 
convenience. And if you had but one efficient officer on this list, you 
would be the gainer by one. I can instance many cases of officers who 
would be willing to join such an arrangement, both line and engineers. 
Inasmuch as the expense to the Government would be small and the 
result a body of trained men ready to be called into service, I do not 
at present see any fiaw in this plan. 

Under the second case, I would instance Mr. Turner, second officer 
of the transport Valencia, Upon unfolding my scheme to him, he 
agreed with me in every particular, and stated that he would be willing 
to do his part simply for the honor of belonging to the naval reserve. 
Starting with a small corps of officers, a gradual development might be 
made until a fine, experienced body of men could be obtained. 

Officers of the State Naval Militia might also be officers of the United 
States Naval Reserve. I do not consider tliat retired officers can be 
relied upon to command transports as they are in the English naval 



BURBAU OP NAYIGATION. 141 

■ml €6^ beeaose in oar service their disabilities are snch as to anfit 
them from going to sea, and in the English naval service we find many 
redrements in the list of lientenants due to the age limit only. To 
■eet any sadden expansion in the dnties of oar naval officers will 
require oatside assistance, and this can best be arranged with a reserve 
list rf the same character as the list of volnnteers in oar last Navy 
Register. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfolly, yoar obedient servant, 

Randolph H. Minbb, 
Lieutenant^ United 8tate$ Aavy, 

The OmsF op thb Bureau op Navigation, 

Xavjf Department^ Wa^hingtonj D. 0. 



Bo. Kav., 42.] U. S. Flagship Philadelphia, 

Honolulu^ H, T.J September 9j 1898. 

Bib: L In compliance with article 260, United States Navy Regula- 
ti<Hia, 1806, and the Bareaa^s telegram of Aagnst 3, 1898, 1 have the 
honor to make the following report, embracing the period from Jnly 1, 
1807, to Aagast 12, 1808, the date of suspension of hostilities in the 
war with Spain. 

2. On Aagast 14, 1897, 1 relieved Bear- Admiral L. A. Beardslee, U. 
8. N*, in command of the Pacific Station, hoisting my flag on the 
Pkilaielphia. 

DISTRIBUTION OF SQUADRON ON JULY 1, 1897. 

PAOkb^riMo, at Honolala. H. L 

Mammdmaekj at Portland, Oreg. 

Mpmieregj at Portland, Oreg. 

BmmimgUmj at navvyard, Mare Island, Gal. 

Jfarioa, at Honolnla, H. I. 

Aleri^ at Frederick Sonnd, Alaska. 

Oregam^ at Taooma, Wash. 

CHANGES OF VES8RL& 

PkUadaphia.—l^tl Honolnla, U. I., October 5, 1897, for navy yard. 
Mare Island^ to be placed oat of commission. 

MommdnoeL — Detached from sqnadron Jane 4, 1808. Left San Fran- 
daoo toft Manfla on Jane 23, 1898. 

Mcmiereg. — Detached from sqnadron on May 24, 1898, npon arrival at 
Ifare Island Kayr-Yard. Left San Francisco for Manila on Jane 7. 

Bemmimfi^m. — ^No change. Still attached to sqnadron. 

Mmrimi — ^Detached from sqnadron by Department's order November 
4, ia97. 

iibrt— Hay 23, 1898, left San Francisco for Mare Island Navy- Yard 
to be {daoed oat of commission. Placed oat of commission Jane 4, 
18M. 

0r«y9ii^— Detached from sqnadron April 18, 1898, in accordance with 
OeMrtoieiit^a order No. 100516, of April 7, 1898. 

WTiiglfaj^— Reported for dnt^ in sqnadron May 20, 1898. 

JaWiSfi. — ^Placed in commission at Mare Island, OaL, October 12, 
1M7| aad Joined the sqaadroa. Detached from sqaadron March 25, 



142 BURBAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Philadelphia.'^ Placed in commission Jnly 9, 1898, at Mare Island, 
Oal., and joined the squadron. 

Mohican. — Reported for duty in sqnadron May 20, 1898. 

Marietta. — Joined the sqnadron December 29, 1897. Detached from 
sqnadron April 18, 1898, in accordance with Department/s order No. 
lo0516, of April 7, 1898. 

OHABAOTBB OF WOBE PBBFOBMBD BT BAOH VBSSBL, WITH OHANGBS 

OF OOMMANDINO OFFIOBBS. 

Philadelphia. — Protecting American interests at Honolulu, H. I., 
firom June 30, 1897, till October 5, 1897, when she left for San Francisco 
to go to the Mare Island Navy- Yard to be put ont of commission and 
transfer officers and crew to the Baltimore. 

Gapt. S. M. Dyer, United States Navy, relieved Oapt. 0. S. Cotton, 
United States Navy, September 1, 1897. 

Alert. — Convoying U. S. S. Pinta from Sitka, Alaska, to San Fran- 
cisco, from June 30, 1897, tiU Jnly 17, 1897. 

Special duty with peace commissioners of Costa Bica and Guatemala. 
Protecting American interests at San Juan del Sur, and engaged in 
surveying Brito Harbor; also in protecting American interests in Gna- 
temalan waters nntil detached and ordered to Mare Island to go out of 
commission. 

Commander B. S. Bichards relieved Commander F. Hanford Angust 
20, 1897. Commander B. S. Bichards detached on December 18, 1897. 
Lieut. L. Young left in command. 

Commander £. H. C. Leutze assumed command January 7, 1898. 

Commander E. H. C. Leutze detached and ordered to command the 
Monterey on May 18, 1898. 

Marietta — Commander F. M. SymondSj commanding. — Bepoi'ted for 
duty in sqnadron on December 29, 1897. 

Protecting American interests in the vicinity of La Libertad, Salvador, 
from February 7, 1898, till March 15, 1898, when she was directed to 
proceed to Panama and coal. 

Detached from squadron April 18, 1898, upon receipt of the Depart- 
ment's order No. 100516, of April 7, 1898, when she proceeded by way 
of the Straits of Magellan to join the North Atlantic Squadron. 

Wheeling — Commander U. SebreCy commanding. — Beported for duty in 
squadron May 20, 1898. 

Took Coast Survey party from Seattle to St. Michaels, Alaska. 
Engaged in patrolling Bering Sea and Alaskan waters, visiting can- 
neries, etc. 

Marion — Commander 0. M. Booh^ commanding. — Engaged in pro- 
tecting American interests at Honolulu, H. I., till August 26, 1897, on 
which date left Honolnlu for Sau Francisco, Cal. Detached from 
squadron in accordance with Department's order of November 4, 1897. 

Bennington. — Arrived at Honolulu from San Diego, Cal., Angust 23, 
1897. Engaged in survey of Pearl Harbor and protecting American 
interests until June 16, 1898, on which date left for San Francisco. 
Investigating reported presence of Spanish privateer in Alaskan waters. 

Commander H. E. Nichols detached (sick) July 13, 1898, on which 
date Lieut. Commander J. F. Moser assumed command. 

Oregon. — Crnising in Puget Sound until March 6, 1898, on which date 
left for San Francisco. L^ San Francisco March 19, 1898, for Callao, 
Peru. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 143 

Detftched from squadron apon receipt of Department's order No. 
100516, of April 7, 1898, when she proceeded by way of the Straits of 
Magellan to join the North Atlantic Squadron. 

Oapt. A. H. McGormick relieyed Oapt. A. S. Barker January 17, 1898. 

Oapt. 0. E. Olark relieved Oapt. A. H. McGormick March 17, 1898. 

Baltimare — CapU N. M. Dyer^ oommanding, — ^The Baltimore went into 
commission October 12, 1897, Captain Dyer taking command October 
14,1897. 

Engaged in protecting American interests at Honolulu from Novem- 
ber 7, 1897, until March 25, 1898, on which date left for Hongkong with 
orders to report to commander in chief Asiatic Station. Detached 
from squadron upon departure from Honolulu. 

Mcnadnoek — Cant, W. H. Whiting^ commanding. — Cruising on coast 
of Oregon and in Puget Sound. 

Drilling naval militia of Eureka, Oal., at that place. Guarding 
approaches to Northern ports, being stationed at Port Townsend for 
that purpose. Was detached from squadron June 4, 1898, to join 
Admkal Dewey's squadron in Asiatic waters. On June 23, 1898, left 
San Francisco, Oal., for Manila. 

Monterey. — Cruising on coast of Oregon and in Puget Sound. 
Stationed in San Francisco Bay at beginning of hostilities. On May 
24, 1898, left San Francisco for Mare Island Navy- Yard, and upon 
arrival there was detached from squadron. Left San Francisco for 
Manila June 7, 1898, but was compeUed to call at San Diego, Oal., to 
replenish coal supply. Left latter port June 11, 1898. 

Gapt G. E. Clark detached from command March 15, 1898, and ordered 
to command the Oregon. 

Lieutenant-Commander Garlin reported for duty as executive officer, 
and assumed command March 22, 1898. 

Commander E. H. G. Leutze assumed command May 18, 1898. 

3. The dates of arrival at and departure from each port visited and 
the miles sailed or steamed by eacn vessel have been furnished the 
Department by each vessel in the routine cruising reports. The coal 
consumed and the cost thereof have been ftimished the Department in 
the routine reports to the Bureau of Equipment The information in 
these routine reports is omitted in this report in accordance with 
Bureau's letter No. 75163, of July 29, 1895. 

4. The general condition and efficiency of the vessels have been good. 
The discipline of the squadron has been good. Owing to the fi^uent 
ehanges in the squadron, complete data in regard to discharges, enlist- 
ments, eta, are not at hand. 

5. The sanitary condition of the command has been very good. 

<L The following vessels were inspected by me during the period 
mentioned in this report: 

Benningtonj December 20 and 21, 1897. 

Aiamsj December 28 and 29, 1897. 

BaUimorej February 16, 17, and 18, 1898. 

Beports of above inspections were sent to the Department. 

7. Target practice has been held in accordance with the Bureau's 
ebtmlar of July 22, 1897, by the vessels of the squadron and has 
generally been excellent, and I must congratulate the Bureau on 
originatrng a system which has produced such excellent results in the 
late war with Spain. Boutine reports have been made of the parti- 
culars of all target practice. 

& There have been no tactical maneuvers with the vessel of the 
squadron during the period embraced in the report as there has been 
BO oppoirtanity fiir bringing the vessels of the squaoron together. 



144 BUREAU OF NAAIQATION. 

9. The Philadelphia is in excellent condition; the Benninffton is in 
good condition considering the length of time she has been in commis- 
sion, and she should be generally overhauled; the Wheeling is short 
one 4-iuch gun, which is at Mare Island, and should be installed on her 
as soon as possible. 

10. On my arrival at San Francisco, May 9, 1S98, the Department 
placed me in charge of the auxiliary naval force on the Pacific coast. 
This force consisted of the Albatro88j Revenue-cutters Perry^ Gorwin^ 
Orantj and Bushj and tugs Activej Vigilant^ and Iroquois, On my 
departure for Honolulu, July 27, the command of this force was turned 
over to Lieut. Commander O. K. Curtis, 17. S. N. A number of the 
Naval Militia of California were enlisted to man the tugs Aotivej Vigi- 
lanty and Iroquois^ and the auxiliary force was stationed along the coast 
in accordance with a plan reported to the Department. 

The condition of affairs on the Pacific coast rendered it inadvisable 
to call on the Naval Militia of the other States for a larger force. 

11. In obedience to instructions from the Department, I left San 
Francisco in the Philadelphia on July 27, 1898, for Honolulu, to take 
part in the ceremonies incident to the change of sovereignty of the 
Hawaiian Islands and the hoisting of our lag. I arrived here on 
August 3; the arrangements were discussed and finally arranged 
between the United States minister, the Hawaiian Oovernment, and 
myself, and the ceremonies took place at noon on August 12, 1898, as 
reported in detail in my No. 54, of August 14, 1808. 

Very respectfully, 

J. N. MiLLEB, 

Rear-Admiral^ U. 8, iV., 
Commander in Chiefs Pacific Station^ 

The Sboeetaby of the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Washington^ D. C7., 
(Bureau of Navigation). 



The department on July 11, 1898, issued the following order to Bear- 
Admiral J. N. Miller, U. S. N., commanding the U. S. Naval Force on 
the Pacific Station: 

125395. 

Navt DBPARTMENTy WoBkingUm, July 11, 1898, 

Sir : The U. 8. 8. Philadelphia has been selected as the Teseel apon which yoa are 
to hoist your flag for the purpose of your coming visit to the Hawaiian Islands. As 
soon as the commandant at Mare Island reports her ready for sea, her commanding 
officer will he directed to report to you, and she wiU he ordered to San Francisco. 
Ton will then hoist yonr flag on board of that vessel and proceed in her, immediately, 
to Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

Upon your arrival at that port, you wiU deliver the accompanying instructions 
from the State Department to the American minister, and you will consult with 
that officer, and also with the general officer of the Army, who, it is understood, 
will have arrived at Honolulu by that time, in regard to the ceremonies and formal- 
ities attending the taking possession of the islands by the United States. Particu- 
lar attention wiU be given to the formalities attending the hoisting of our flag, and 
the assumption of the sovereignty of the islands by tne United States. 

Upon the completion of this duty you will remain, with the Philadelphia, at Hon- 
olulu until farther instructed. 

Very respectftiUy, John D. Lono, Seoretanf. 

COMMAMOKB IN ChIXF U. 8. NaVAL FORCX, 

FaoiAo SiatUm, 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 145 

In oomplisBoe with the above, the Philadelphia^ with Bear- Admiral 
Miller on board| sailed from San Francisoo July 27, arriving at Hono- 
lola Aagust 3. 

The reports of Bear Admiral Miller on the ceremonies connected with 
the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands to the United States follow: 

135124^ 

[Amofementa for flAg'nlsinf .] 

U. S. Flagship Philadelphia, 

HonolulUy Hawaiian IslandSj August lly 1898. 

Bib : I have the honor to confirm my telegram of the 4th instant, as 
follows: 

FkUaMpMa AiTiYed Honolula 8d. 

The passage from San Francisco to Honololu was made in six days 
twenty hoars without incident, the first day using two boilers and the 
remainder of the trip nnder three boilers. 

Immediately on my arrival at Honolulu I sent the two State Depart- 
ment indosures sent in my care for the American minister to him, and 
hdd a preliminary considtation with him and M^jor-General Otis, 
H. 8. A., as to the date and arrangements for the fiag raising. M%jor- 
General Otis left on the 4th instant, after calling upon me, informing 
me that he could not remain any longer. He had been here about ten 
days. His departure left the islands without a representative of the 
Army, but on the 6th instant the St, Paul arrived with troops on bourd, 
and Oolonel Barber, of the First New York Volunteers, the ranJdng 
officer. 

After fbrther consultation with the American minister and with the 
Hawaiian officials the day for the flag raising was fixed for Friday, the 
12th instant. It was deemed impracticable, in view of the many points 
to be decided and details to be arranged, to set an earlier date, especially 
as the Hawaiian Government desired time in which to direct the officials 
of the other islands to take the oath of aUegiance to the United States 
on the same day the flag was raised. 

I have arranged for a Navy representation firom the PhUadeUpkia and 
Mohican of a battalion of four infantry companies and two sections of 
artiUery. The SL Paul having left, there wVH be no troops here, but 
tiie Army will be represented by Ool. T. H. Barber, First New York 
Volunteers, with whom I have conferred, and four other officers. 

In arranging the details particular attention has been paid to the 
£6rmidities to attend the hoisting of our flag, as directed by the Depart- 
ment's No. 125395 of July 11, 1898. 

Very respectfully, J. N. Miller, 

Bear-Admiral^ if. 8. N.^ Commander in Ohief Pacifie Station, 

The Sbobetabt of the Navt, 

Kavy Department^ Wa^hington^ D. 0. 



135304. 

[lUport on hoUttng of United State* iUg over the Hftwallui Itlmde.] 

U. S. Flagship Philadelphia, 
Honolulu^ Hawaiian Islands^ August li^ 1898. 

Sis: I have the honor to submit the following report on the partici- 
pation of the forces under my command in the ceremonies attending 
Uie change of sovereignty of the Hawaiian Islands, which took place 
at noon on Friday, the 12th instant: 

As the report of this important event will be a matter of record in 

5898—10 



146 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION 

the files of the Navy Department, and as occasion may occur hereafter 
to refer to it to know what was done by the naval force on that occa- 
sion, it is made more in detail than it would otherwise be. 

The force under arms ttom the Philadelphia and Mohican attending 
the ceremonies consisted of four companies of infantry and two sections 
of artillery. ^See Appendix A for organization of battalion.) 

The Hawaiian National Guard met our force at the landing and 
escorted them to the front of the executive building, where they took 
I>osition in column on the driveway leading to the front of the building, 
the head of the column being close to the official stand. The Hawaiian 
troops were in position, a battalion on each side of the head of column 
of our men. (See Appendix B for position of troops during the cere- 
mony.) 

The official stand was in front of the executive building, one side for 
the Hawaiian officials, the other for the United States minister and his 
attaches and the officers of the Navy and Army. Colonel Barber, of 
the First New York Volunteers, was third in the line of precedence, as 
the ranking officer of the Army present, and next to me. The remain- 
ing officers of the Navy and Army were seated according to rank, there 
being in all twenty officers of the Navy present on the official stand 
and five of the Army. 

All the officials having been seated except the president and his 
cabinet, the United States minister and his attaches, myself. Colonel 
Barber, and four of the ranking naval officers, the ceremonies com- 
menced by the entrance on the platform from the executive building of 
the president and his cabinet, followed a moment later by the United 
States minister and the American officials mentioned above. After all 
were seated prayer was offered by the Bev. G. L. Pearson, of Honolulu. 
Minister Sewall then rose, and addressing President Dole, formally 
communicated to him the text and purpose of the joint resolution of 
Congress annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States. Presi- 
dent Dole then formally tendered the sovereignty of the islands, with 
all the public property of the Hawaiian Government, to the United 
States through our representative, Minister Sewall, who accepted it in 
the name of the United States Government. The actual ceremony of 
exchanging flags was then begun by the Hawaiian band playing Hawaii 
Ponoi, the national anthem. Colors were sounded, and a 21-gun salute 
was fired by the shore battery and by the Philadelphia and Mohican^ 
after which the Hawaiian flag was slowly hauled down, all the spec- 
tators standing uncovered. 

Minister Sewall then turned to me and requested me to perform the 
duty intrusted to me, of hoisting the United States flag, and upon sig- 
nal from me, as had been prearranged, colors were sounded, the flag- 
ship band played the Star Spangled Banner, and the United States 
flag was slowly hoisted on the flagstaff of the central tower of the 
executive building, two smaller flags being hoisted at the corners of 
the building to provide for the possibility of the main halyards carry- 
ing away; and 21 guns were fired by the Philadelphia and Mohican and 
the shore battery when the flag had reached the truck, all the specta- 
tors standing uncovered. The Hawaiian flag was hauled down, and 
the large United States flag hoisted by four men from the Philadelphia 
and Mohicany two from each ship, directly from the inner corners of the 
platform. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 147 

After the United States flag had been hoisted and the salates had 
been fired Mr. Sewall made a short address, and then commanicated 
the directions of the President continning the present government offi- 
cials in office nntil Congress should provide a form of government for 
the island's. 

The chief execntive of the Hawaiian government was then sworn in 
by the chief jastice, followed by the members of his cabinet, after 
which oar men and the local troops marched to the drill grounds, where 
the military officerS| including the staff officers of the chief executivei 
were sworn in. 

The battalion from the Philadelphia and Mohican then returned to the 
ships, escorted to the landing by the local troops. This concluded the 
participation of the force under my command in the change of sover- 
eignty of these islands. 

I am much indebted to Lieut. A. G. Winterhalter, flag lieutenant, and 
to Lieut Philip Andrews, flag secretary, for their assistance in arranging 
the details of the ceremonies connected with the raising of our flag 
and for seeing that they were properly carried out 

I am gratified to be able to report to the Department that the cere- 
monies throughout were a complete success in every particular, and 
were rendered very impressive and dignified by the simplicity and lack 
of ostentation of the carefully prepared programme. The battalion from 
the two ships presented a fine appearance, and it gives me great pleasure 
to congratulate the Department on the opportunity given the Navy to 
take such a prominent part in an important event in the history of our 
country. 

Very respectfully, J. N. Millbb, 

Rear 'Admiral^ U, 8. N.j 
Oommander in Ohie/Paoifio Station. 

The SSOBBTABT OF THB NAVT, 

Navy Department^ Washingtonj D. 0. 



APPENDIX A. 

NAVAL BATTALION, AUGUST tS. 

Lieut. Commuider T. H. Stbvkns, U. 8. N., comnuindingm 
Ensign D. F. SeUen, U. 8. N., adjutant 

INFANTBT. 

CoropAoy A, marinefl. First Lient. G. M. Perkins, commanding: 

pTomMokUsan 16 

From Philadelphia 88 

64 
Company B, bine jackets, from PhUadelohia: 

Lient. H. A. Field, U. 8. N., oommanaing 64 

Company C, bine Jackets, from Philadelphia: 

Lient. F. N. Brown. U. 8. N., commanding 64 

Company D, binejackets, from Mohican: 

Ensign 8. P. Fnllin wider, U. 8. N., commanding 54 



148 BUREAU OF NAVIQATION. 

AUTILLERY. 

Lieut. Gny W. Brown, U. S. N., commanding platoon. 

First section, bine jackets, from Philadelphia: 

Naval Cadet R. Morris^ U. S. N., commmanding 27 

Second section^ blae Jackets, from Mohioan: 

Ensign C. England. U. S. N., commanding 27 

Pioneers, Carpenter J. A. Barton 9 

Ambnlanco part^, P. A. Snrg. Q. A. Lnng, U. S. N., commanding 6 

Signal part V, chief quartermaster, Philadelphia, in charge 8 

Band, De Witt C. Smith, bandmaster 15 

Bugler and aide 2 

Cou>r guard, cliief boatswain mate, Philadelphia 4 

Officers 10 

Total 819 



OPERATIONS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN, NOT INCLUDING OPERA- 
TIONS UNDER COMMANDER IN CHIEF ASIATIC STATION. 

(3) SEIZURE OF THE LAOBONE ISLAND& 



149 



0PESATI0V8 IV THE PACIFIC OCEAV, HOT IVCLUSIHO OPBR- 
AHOm UVBEB GOKKAHDES IV CHIEF ASIATIC STAHOV. 

8BIZUBE OP THB LADBONS ISLANDS. 

108414^ 

[Orders to OkaHuien to eaptoTO Idand of Gaun.] 

Navt Depabtment, 

Washingtony May lOy 1898. 

Bib: Upon the receipt of this OTder, which is forwarded by the steam- 
ship City ofPekin to you at HodoIqIq, yon will proceed, with the Oharlea- 
ton and City of Pekin in company, to M'anila, Philippine Islands. 

On yoor way, yon are hereby directed to stop at the Spanish Island 
of Gnam. Ton will nse snch force as may be necessary to capture the 
port of Gnam, making prisoners of the governor and other officials and 
any armed force that may be there. Ton will also destroy any fortifi- 
cations on said island and any Spanish naval vessels that may be there, 
or in the immediate vicinity. These operations at the Island of Gnam 
should be very brief, and shonld not occupy more than one or two days. 
Shonld yon find any coal at the Island of Gnam, yon will make snch 
use of it as yon consider desirable. It is left to your discretion whether 
or not you destroy it. 

From the Island of Guam, proceed to Manila and report to Rear- 
Admiral George Dewey, U. S. N., for duty in the squadron under his 
command. 

Very respectfully, John D. Lono, 

Secretary. 

GoMMANDiNa Oppigeb U. S. S. Ohablbstok. 



X34G43* 

[Openttou at Oium lalaxid.] 

U. S. S. Chablbston, 
At 8eaj June 24, 1898, Lat. 14^ 37' N., Long. 137^ 58' E. 

SiB: I have the honor to report that in obedience to the Depart- 
ment's telegraphic order of May 24, 1898, this ship sailed from Honolulu, 
Hawaiian Islands, on the 4th instant for Manila with the transports 
aty of Pehiny A ustralia, and City of Sydney under convoy. When clear 
of land, I opened the confidential order of May 10, 1898, and changed 
course for the Island of Guam, next day informing Commander Gibson, 
in charge of transports, and Brigadier-General Anderson, commanding 
expeditionary force, of the change in my orders and that the tranc" 
would accompany the Charleston. 

Arriving off the north end of the island at daylight, June 20 
visited the i>ort of Agaua, the capital of Gnam, and of the 2 

] 



152 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

B*onp, and finding no vessels there of any kind, proceeded to San Lnis 
'Apra, where it was expected that a Spanish gunboat and a military 
force would be found, a rumor to that effect having reached me while at 
Honolulu. Arriving off the port at 8.30 a. m., it was found that Fort 
Santiago, on Orot6 Point, was abandoned and in ruins, and I steamed 
directly into the harbor, having ordered the transports to take a safe 
position outside and await instructions. A few shots were fired from 
the secondary battery at Fort Santa Oruz to get the range and ascer- 
tain if it was occupied. Getting no response, ceased firing and came 
to anchor in a position to control the harbor, and it was then found that 
this fort also was abandoned. 

The only vessel in port was a small Japanese trading vessel from 
Yokohama. 

An officer had Just shoved off from the ship to board the Japanese 
vessel, and obtain information as to the condition of affairs on shore, 
when a boat was seen approaching the ship, through the reefs at the 
head of the harbor, flying the Spanish flag and bringing two officers, 
the captain of the port, a lieutenant-commander in the Spanish navy, 
and the health officer, a surgeon of the Spanish army. These officers 
came on board, and, in answer to my questions, told me they did not 
know that war had been declared between the United States and Spain, 
their last news having been from Manila, under date of April 14. I 
informed them that war existed and that they must consider themselves 
as prisoners. As they stated that no resistance could be made by the 
force on the island, I released them on parole for the day, to proceed to 
Agafia and inform the governor that I desired him to come on board 
ship at once, they assuring me that he would do so as soon as he could 
reach the port. 

While awaiting the return of these officers, an examination was made 
of the harbor, the only dangers to navigation were buoyed, and the 
transports came in during the afternoon. 

At 5 p. m. the governor's secretary, a captain in the Spanish army, 
came on board, bringing me a letter from the governor, in which he 
stated that he was not allowed by law to go on board a foreign vessel 
and requested me to meet him on shore for a conference. This letter is 
appended, marked A. 

As it was then too late to land a party, from the state of the tide on 
the reef between the ship and the landing place, I directed the secretary 
to return and say to the governor that I would send an officer ashore 
with a communication for him early next day. 

A landing force was organized to be ready to go ashore at 8.30 a. m. 
next day, when the tide would serve, the force being composed of the 
marines of this ship, those sent out in the Pekinj and two companies of 
the Second Oregon Infantry Begiment, placed at my disposal by Gen- 
eral Anderson. 

At 8.30 a. m. on June 21 Lieut. William Braunersreuther was sent 
ashore, under flag of truce, with a written demand for the immediate 
surrender of the defenses of the Island of Guam and all officials and 
persons in the military service of Spain. (Copy hereto appended, 
marked B.) 

Mr. Braunersreuther was directed to wait half an hour only for a 
repl^, to bring the governor and other officials on board as prisoners of 
war Iji case of surrender, or in case of refusal or delay beyond the time 
given, to return and take command of the landing force, which he would 
find in readiness, and proceed to Agana. (Oopy of order appended, 
marked 0.) 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 153 

At 12.15 p. m. Mr. BrannerBrenther retarned to the ship, biinginc: off 
the governor and three other officers, his staff, and handed me a letter 
firom the governor acceding fully to my demand. This letter is appended, 
marked D. 

Mr. Braanersrenther's report of his actions on shore is appended, 
marked B. Appended, marked F, is a list of i>erson8 and property 
captured. As the natives are qniet and inoffensive and thoroughly well 
disposed, I approved Mr. Braanersrenther's coarse with regard to them 
after they had been disarmed. 

Having received the surrender of the Island of Guam, I took formal 
possession at 2.45 p. m., hoisting the American flag on Fort Santa Cruz 
and saluting it with 21 gans from the Charleston. 

From a personal examination of Fort Santa Oruz, I decided that it 
was entirely useless as a defensive work, with no guns and in a partly 
ruinous condition, and that it was not necessary to expend any mines 
in blowing it up. 

The forts at Agafla, San Luis D'Apra, and TJmata are of no value and 
DO guns remain in the island except four small cast-iron guns of obso- 
lete pattern at Agi^a, formerly used for saluting, but now condemned 
aa unsafe even for that purpose. Appended, marked G, is a plan oi 
Fort Santa Oruz. 

No Spanish vessel of war has visited Guam during the last eighteen 
months. 

No coal was found on the island. 

From want of berthing space on board this ship, I considered it 
advisable to send the prisoners to the army transport City of Sydney. 
which vessel had ample accommodations for the officers and men, ana 
this was done by arrangement with Brigadier-General Anderson. (Copy 
of my letter appended, marked H.) Appended, marked I, is receipt 
from Lieut. Commander T. S. Phelps, jr., on duty on the City of Svdi^j 
in whose charge the prisoners were placed for transportation to Manila. 

Having completed the duty assigned, the Charleston sailed on the 
22d instant from San Luis D'Apra for Manila^ with the transports in 
company. 

I wocdd respectfully invite the attention of the Department to the 
officer-like conduct and excellent judgment displayed by Lieutenant 
Braonersreuther in his discharge of the important duties intrusted to 
him. 

The chief engineer of the ship being ill at the time she reached Guam, 
I accepted the services of P. A. Bngineer H. G. Leopold, who, on the 
probability of an engagement| volunteered for duty in charge of an 
engine room under his junior Passed ABsistant Engineer McEean| act- 
ing as chief engineer. 

Going into the port of San Luis D'Apra, Mr. T. A. Hallett, third offi- 
ce of the steamer Australia, being familiar with the place, volunteered 
to act as pilot and performed the duty efficiently. 
Very respectfully, 

Hbioit Glass, 
Oaptainj U. 8. N.y Commanding. 

The SSOBBTABY OF THE NAVY, 

Navy Department^ Washington^ D. 0. 



154 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

A. 

[Translation.] 

[Private.] GovsiiNMBMT "P. M." of the Kariannb ISLANDSi 

Agana, June tO, 1898, 
Mr. Henry Glass, 

Captain of the North American Cmieer Charleeton : 

By the captain of the port in which yon have oast anchor I have been conrteonslv 
requested y as a soldier, and, above all, as a gentleman, to hold a conference with 
yon, adding that yon have advised him that war has been declared between onr 
respective nations, and that yon have oome for the purpose of oconpying these 
Spanish islands. 

It troald give me neat pleasure to comply with his request and see you personally, 
but, as the military laws of my country prohibit me from going on board a foreign 
vessel, I reffret to have to decline this honor and to ask that you will kindly oome 
on shore, wnere I await yon to accede to your wishes as far as possible, and to agree 
as to our mutual situations. 

Asking your pardon for the trouble I cause you, I guarantee your safe return to 
your ship. 

Very respectfully, Juan Mabina. 



B. 

U. S. S. Charleston, 
San Luie lyApra, Guam Island, June 20, 1898. 

Sir : In reply to year commanicatioo of this date I have now, in compliance with 
the orders of my Government, to demand the immediate surrender of the defenses 
of the Island of Guam, with arms of all kinds, all officials and persons in the mili- 
tainr service of Spain now in this island. 

This communication will be handed you to-morrow morning by an officer who is 
ordered to wait not over one half hour for your reply. 

Respectfully, Henry Glass, 

Captain^ U, 8. N., Commanding, 
Sefior Juan Marina, Governor of Guam, 



C. 

U. S. S. Charleston, 
San Luie D^Apra, Guam Island, June £1, 1898, 

Sir: Ton will take command of a landing party composed of the marine guard of 
this ship, the marines from the steamer City of Pekin, and two companies of the 
Oregon regiment of volunteers from the steamer Australia, and proceed to Agafia, 
the capital of this island, for the purpose of capturing the governor of the island, 
other officials, and any armed force found there. 

You will bring the prisoners captured to this ship, destroying such portions of the 
defenses of AgaQa as practicable in the time at your disposal and such arms and 
military suppues as can not be conveniently brought off. 

You will see that private property is respected as far as possible, consistently with 
the duty assigned you, and will prevent any marauding by the force under your 
command. 

The greatest expedition must be used, and it is expected that the men of the land- 
ingparty wiU be able to return to their ships before dark to-day. 

The men landed will be supplied with rations for one day and be equipped in light 
marching order. 

Very respectfully, 

Henry Glass, 
Captain, U, S, N,, Commanding, 

Lieut. W. Braunersrbutbbr, U. S. N., 

U, S. S, Charleeton. 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 156 

D. 
[TraiMlatioa.] 
GOVXRKMltNT "P. M.'' OF THS MARIAinfS ISLA]n>8y 

Pito (AgaHa), June tl, 1808, 

I am in receipt of your oommanieation of yeeterdBy, demanding the surrender of 
this place. 

Being withoot defenaee of any kind and without means for meeting the present 
ntoation, I am nnder the sad necessity of beinff nnable to resist snch superior forees 
and regretfally to accede to yonr demands, at the same time protesting against this 
act of Tiolence, when I have received no information ftom my Qoyemment to the 
effect that Spain is in war with your nation. 

God be with yon ! 

Very respectftilly, Juan Marina, 

TAs G<n>mrfMT "P. Jf." 

The Captain of ths North Amkrigan Cruiser Charleston. 



B. 

U. S. S. Charleston, 2d Rats, 
San LuxB I^Apra, Guam Itiland, June 81, 1898, 

Sir: I have the honor to make the following detailed report of my actions in com- 
pliance with yonr orders dated Jane 21, 1898, and to inclose Jiere with aoommnnioation 
signed by Henry P. McCain, first lieutenant and adjutant Fourteenth Infantry, act- 
ing assistant adjutant-general. Referring to this oommunication, I desire to call 
attention to the fact that it was handed to me while I was on my return to this ship, 
after having in my possession in writing the completo surrender of the Spanish ter- 
ritory under the jurisdiction of the Governor-General of Guam — ^who was (at this 
Tery time) with his entire staff a prisoner of war in my boat about 12 m. 

On reaching the landing at Petey, under a flag of truce. I was met by the Governor- 
General with nis staff, and^ after a formal introduction, I at once handed to the gov- 
ernor yonr ultimatum, notinff the time, 10.15 a. m. I called attention to the fact 
that but one half hour would be given for a reply, and casually informed the gov- 
ernor that he had bettor take into consideration the fact that we had in the harbor 
three transports loaded with troops and one war vessel of a very formidable nature. 
He thanked me, and retired to a building near by with his advisers. Twenty-nine 
minutes later he reappeared, and handing me a sealed envelope addressed to com- 
manding officer of Ckarlseton, informed me that that was his reply. I broke the seal. 
While doing so, he again and very hastily remarked: "Ah ! but that is for the oom- 
mandanto.'' I repli^, '* I represent him here," and requested the governor to road his 
letter. He did so, and after studying it a few moments, I said : '* Gentlemen, von are 
BOW my prisoners; you will have to repair on board the CharUBian with me/' 

They protested, pleading that they had not anticipated anything of the kind; 
had no clothing other than that they then had on; that they all had property inter- 
esto and families, and numerous other protesto. I assured them tnat they could 
■end messages to their families to send clothes and anything else they might desire, 
and that I would have a boat ashore at 4 p. m. ready to take off for them anything 
sent down. I would even secure passage for such of their families as they might 
desire and give them a safe return to Petey. 

The governor, after a short oonsnltation with his advisers, protested against being 
made a prisoner, saying I had oome on shore under a flag of tmoo for an inter- 
change of ideas on the oondition of affairs, and that he now found himRclf and his 
officers prisoners. I replied I came on snore with orders from my commanding 
officer to deliver to him (the governor) a letter, and I had now in my possession 
his reply thereto, making a complete surrender of the entire place under his oom- 
mand. This alone, if it meant anything, permitted me to make any demands I desired 
and deemed proper to make. He agreed, and I then gave him ten minutes in which 
to write an order to his militery authority in Agana, directing him to have at this 
landing at Petey at 4 p. m. the 54 Spanish soldiers with their arms, accouterments, 
and all ammunition, together with all the Spanish flags in the place ^four in all), 
the two lientenanto of the companies to march the soldiers down. This letter was 
written, read by me, and sent to Agana. A general demur was made at the hour 
fixed upon, but I insisted that it must be done. 

I then gave all the officers an opportunity to write letters to their families, which 
letters were by me considered private, and which left their hands unread by anyone 
bat the parties ooncemed. 



156 BUBEAU OP NAVIGATION. 

This being oonolnded at 11.30; I embarked with the goyemor and his staff, oonsist- 
ins of a doctor, the captain of the nort, and the seoretaiy to the governor. 

On mj retom, when within signal distance of one diyision of Die landing party 
which Lad been orf^aniced for ose in case of emergency, I signaled them to 
'* Betum." When within less than a mile of the ship I stood to the windward to send 
the same message to the second dirision of landing party in tow of steam launch. 
In replv I was requested to come alongside to receive a message from Brigadier- 
Qeneral Anderson — appended, marked A — ^making signal " Surrendered" to CharU$' 
tan as soon as I came within si^al distance. 

Having returned on board with prisoners and reported verbally my actions^ I was 
directed to hold myself in readiness to carry out the remainder of the conditions of 
surrender at 4 p. m. 

Leaving the ship with four boats and all the marine ffuard of this ship, in charge 
of Lieutenant Myers, U. 8. M. C, and with £nsign Waldo Evans, U. 8. N., as my aid, 
I left the ship at 3.30 p. m. for Petey, disarming the Spanish soldiers and embark- 
ing them in a scow pressed into service for their transportation to the Charleaian, 
The native soldiers, a couple of whom brought down the rifles of two absentees, 
supposed to be ill, manifesting such great joy at being relieved of their arms and 
givmg away to men in my force buttons and ornaments on their uniforms, therebv 
conveying to me the impression that thev were equally glad to be rid of Spanish 
rule, were allowed by me to return to their homes without any restrictions what- 
ever, which action on my part will, I trust, meet with your approval. Fifty-four 
Spanish soldiers and two lieutenants were brought on board at 7 p. m. 

The following is a list of the articles captured: 7,500 ball cartridges, 7 millimeter 
clips, Mauser; 2,000 ball cartridges, Remington; 62 belts, Manser rifles; 46 bayonets 
and scabbards for same; 64 cartridge boxes. Remington; 46 leather belts, Reming- 
ton ; 60 bayonet scabbards. Remington ; 62 Mauser rifles, 8 swords, 62 Remington 
rifles, 4 Spanish flags. 

In closing my report I desire to call attention to the absolute obedience and splen- 
did discipline of all the force (30 marines and 16 sailors) I had with me. particularly 
to the efficient aid received firom Lieut. J. T. Myers, U. 8. M. C, and flnsign Waldo 
Evans, U. 8. N. 

Both of these gentlemen were frilly alive to the dangers and necessities of the occa- 
sion and rendered most valuable assistance. 

A casual glance at the class and number of the rifles captured, together with the 

auantity of the ammunition, will demonstrate the care that had to oe exercised in 
isarming and making prisoners of a force of men more than double the number I 
had with me, and will also call attention to the fact that the entire undertaking was 
neither devoid of danger nor risk. 

Very respectfully, Wm. Braunersreuthbr. 

Lieutenant, U. S. If. 
Capt. HxMBT Olam, U. 8. N., 

Camimandi$^ U, 8, 8, Ckarle$Um» 



[A.] 



HBADQUARTEB0 FiRST BRIGADE, 

U. 8. Expeditionary Forces, 

Steamer Aueiralia, June gO, 1898. 

The Commanding Ojjieer Second Oregon Infantry, 

United Statee Volunteere, Steamer Auetralia. 

Sir: The commanding general directs that you prepare companies A and D,one 
medical officer, and one hospital private of your regiment to go ashore to-morrow at 
8.30 a. m., under the senior line officer, who will report upon landing to the senior 
officer of the landing forces from the Charleston, This force will be used in the dis- 
cretion of the commanding officer in such operations on land as may be necessary to 
carry out orders ftom the captain of the Charleeton. 

The troops will be in light marching order, with rations for one day in the haver- 
sacks, and 40 rounds of ammunition. 

You will also detail f^om your regiment 26 rowers to take this detachment to and 
from shore. These men, under the command of a first lieutenant, will be equinped 
in the same manner as companies A and D, and will remain with the boats untu the 
return of the landing force. 
On completion of toe above duties the troops will return to this ship. 
Very respectfully, 

Hknrt p. McCaik, 
First Lieutenant and Adjutant, Fourteenth Infantry, 

Acting Aeaiatant Adjutant- General, 

COUMANDINQ OFFICER, 

Landing Force from the Charleston, 



BUB£AU OF NAVIQATION. 157 

F, 

JVteMTf mmd j pi t y i i ff cmptmrti «l Smm LmU ^AfTMy Gtutm, </««• tl, tS98. 

fiefior D. Juan Marina, Uentenani-eolonel, Spaniah anny, gov«mor of Guam. 
Don Pedro DiiaTte» captain, Spanish anny, goTemor's •ecret.ary. 
Don Franoisoo Garcia Qnti^mSy Uenlenant-ooniniander, Spanikh navy, captain of 
port. 
Don Jca6 Romero, anrgeon, Spaniah anny, health officer. 
Lientenant Ramos, Spanish naval inlanUy. 
Lien tenant Bexmezo, Spanish naval infantry. 
Fifty >foor noncommissioned officers and privates. 
Foar Spaniah flags. 
Fifty-two Manser rifles. 
Six^-two Remington rifles. 
Three swords. 

Fmtj-^rt bayonets and seabhards for Manser rifles. 
Sixty bayonets and scabbards for Remington rifles, 
Fiity-two belts for Manser rifles. 
Forty-five leather belts for Remington rifles. 
Sixty-foar cartridge boxes, Remington. 
7,500 ball cartridges, 7 millimeters clips, Manser. 
2,000 ball cartridges, Remington. 



H. 



U. 8. S. CHAItLB8TX>N, 

Sam Lmi$ dfjpra, Onam Island, Jmne MI, 1898» 

Bol: In eonseqnence of the want of berthing space on board this ship, I request 
that the prisoners of war taken at this port to^ay be received on board the trans- 
port steamer Oily of SjfdMff, for passage to Manila, where orders for their final dis- 
position will be given by the commander in chief, United States naval force on 
Asiatic Station. 
The cost of snbsistinf these prisoners will be borne by the Navy Department. 
I transmit herewith list of the officers and men captured. 
Very respectfully, 

Hknrt Glass, 
CaptaiUf U. 8, J^^.« Cosisiandfoir. 

Brig. Gen. T. M. Andsbson, U. S. A., 

C^siauMdra^ Manila ExpeditUm^ 



U. 8. S. Charlbston, 2d Ratb, 
Port Sam Lui$ d'Apra^ Island of Guam, Juno il, 1898. 

List of offioors and men, prisoners qf war, 

Lientenant Colonel Marina, Spanish army, governor. 

Captain Dnarte, Spanish army, secretary. 

Lieutenant Ramos, Spanish navid infantry. 

Lieutenant Berruezo, Spanish naval infautry. 

Lientenant Commander Garcia Guti<SReK, Spanish navy, captain of port. 

Surgeon Romero, Spanish Anny. 

Fifty-four noncommissioned oiflcerB and privates. 

Reeeived the above-named officers and men from the U. S. S. Ckarleetom. 

T. S. Phxi^s, Jr., 
lAeutenani-Comniandor, U, & N. 



OPERATIONS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN. 

(1) PREUMINARY ORDERS. 

(3) BLOCKADE OF CUBA AND OF SAN JUAN, POBTO RICO, AND THE 

OPERATIONS INCIDENT THERETO. (DOES NOT INCLUDE THE 
BOMBARDMENT OF SAN JUAN, PORTO RICO.) 

(5) GENERAL REPORTS FROM CERTAIN VESSELS; PRINCIPALLT THOSE 

COVERINa WHOLE PERIOD OF THE WAR. 

(4) THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE SPANISH FORCE UNDER REAR- 

ADMIRAL PASCUAL CERYERA, INCLUDING THE BOMBARDMENT 
OF SAN JUAN, PORTO RICO. 

(6) SUPPLEMENTARY REPORTS BEARING UPON THE NAVAL BATTLE 

OF JULY THIRD. 

(6) OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE ARMT. 

(a) AROUND CUBA. 

(b) AROUND PORTO RICO. 

(e) CONVOY, TRANSPORTING, AND LANDING OF TROOPS. 



159 



OPERATIONS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN. 



(1) PKBUmHAKT ORDBBS. 



5886 ^U in 



OPBBAnOVS DT THE VOBTH ATLAHTIO OCEAV. 

pbblhunabt obdebs. 

[Cbeolar totton* €rd«n, and niflinonnda iMned by the oommaiidwln ohi«fl) 

[droiikf lottor Ko. 168.] 

17. S. Flagship New Yobk, 1st Bate, 

Off Key West Harbor ^ Fla.^ February 23^ 1898. 

Sm: Until fiirther orders general quarters will be held upon ves- 
sels of the squadron three times per week — Monday, Wednesday, and 
Thursday. 

Every opportunity will be taken by vessels lying off Key West and 
at Diy Tortugas to have subcaliber practice; also small-arm practice. 
Very respectfully, 

M. SlOABD, 

Rear Admiraly 
Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Force^ North Atlantic Station. 

The GoMMANDnra Officer, 

U. S. 8. . 



10102a 

[gqnudrooii General Order Ko. 1.] 

North Atlamttc Station, 
U. 8. Flagship New York, Ist Ratb, 

JTtfy We$i, Fla,, March £6, 1898. 

(1) R^ direotfon of the Honorable Secretarr of the Navy, I hare aasamed command 
of the United States naval force on the North Atlantic Station and hoi8t<»d my pen- 
nant on board of the armored cmieer New York at 3.10 p. m. to-day. 

(2) AH reffolationB. orderS; etc.. of my predecessor^ Rear-Admiral Montgomery 
Sieard, will be complied with nntil farther directions. 

(3) Orders to the fleet will be issaed from time to time by numbered series of 
general orders, ciroolar letters, and memoranda. 

(4) The staffs of the commander in chief will be composed of the following officers : 
Per$auai ato/l— Oapt. F. £. Chadwick, chief of staff; Lieat. Sydney A. Stanuton, 

assistant chief of staff; Lient. Charles C. Marsh, flag secretary; Ensign £. L. Ben- 
nett, flag lioatenant. 

FUei aUtff. — Chief Engineer Charles J. McConnell, engineer of the fleet; Fay 
Inspector Arthur Bnrtis, paymaster of the fleet; Medical Inspector Michael C. 
Drennan, surgeon of the fleet. 

(5) This order will be read at general muster on board all Tessels of the station 
upon its receipt. 

WiixiAM T. Sampson, 
Captain, dmmander in Ckirf U. 8. Naval Force, North Ailantie Station. 

163 



164 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

10102& 

[Sqmdron Qeneral Order No. 3.] 

North AiXAirric Station, 
U. 8. Flagship New York, Ist Rate, 

* Key We$t, Fla., March SI, 1898. 

1. The attention of commanding ofBcen is called to the Department's letter of 
March 24, 1898, and memorandum for the commander in chief, which is issued for 
their information and ffuidance. 

2. Attention is partionlarly called to that part of the memorandum which states 
what the Department expects of the officers in command of the scouts, picket boats, 
and torpedo ooats. 

Captain, Commander in Chirf U, 8, Natal Foree, North Atlaniio Station. 



[98136] Navt Dbpartmbmt, 

Waehington, March U, 1898. 

Sir: There is forwarded herewith a memorandum containing certain suffgestions, 
in regard to the manner of carrving on a blockade of the Island of Cuba, should one 
be established. This memorandum is based largely on certain suggestions made by 
Captain Maban. In case of a blockade, the Department expects you to follow out 
onlv such details as in your Judgment you deem proper. 

The Department desires that you make public in the squadron the tenor of that 
part of the memorandum which refers to what the Department expects of the officers 
m command of the scouts, picket boats, and torpedo boats. 
Very respectfully, 

John D. Long, Seoretary. 

COMHANDXR IN ChIBF U. S. NaYAL FORCE, 

North Atlantic Station. 



[Memorandimi fDr the commander in chief of the North AtUmtio Bqnadron.] 

Navy Department, 
Washington, March 23, 1898. 

In time of war the commander in chief must, to a Tory great extent, control his own 
Tcssels and act on his own responsibility ; but the Depa^ment deems it worth while 
to lay before him certain suffgestions for his consideration in connection with the 
probable uses to which the neet will be put in the event of war with Spain. 

Until it is possible to concentrate the fleet and strike a telling blow at the Spanish 
fleet, it is probable that much of its work will be in blockading Cuba. The Depart- 
ment will endeavor to furnish the commander in chief with a sufficient number of 
vessels to establish a strict blockade, particularly of the western half of the island, 
and of the ports of Havana and Matanzas in especial. Off much of the coast, and off 
the smaller harbors, a single vessel cruising to and tso may be all that is needed; 
this vessel of course keeping touch with the rest of the fleet when possible. Off an 
important port, and notably off the port of Havana^ in the event of torpedo vessels 
being within it, there should probably be three lines of blockade. The inner line 
should consist of siaall, fast vessels, either torpedo boats or revenue cutters, tugs, 
and the like, improvised to act as torpedo-boat destroyers and scouts, whose station 
shall be dose to the mouth of the harbor. These vessels would of course stop block- 
ade runners; but the prime object of their being would be to prevent the egress of 
torpedo boats. They should not only watch the latter, but should unhesitatingly 
attack them, no matter what the odds may be at the moment. Even if sunk they 
will have achieved a most useful end if they cripple a torpedo boat. They should 
fire upon and chase any hostile craft leaving port, an^ the vessels not engaged should 
at once steam to the firing. The Department will gi/e ample recognition to gallan- 
try and efficiency displayed by the commanders of these craft, and the men in com- 
mand of them will be expected to run risks and take chances. Their duty is at all 
hazards to prevent the possibility of an attack by the enemy's torpedo boats upon 
the battle snips and squadron. 

The second line will be placed 2 or 3 miles outside of this inner one. and will con- 
sist, so far as is possible, of vessels like the Cincinnati or Detroit, wnich in case oi 

* Date undoubtedly wrong It is probable that this order should have been dated 
March 27. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 165 

need could promptly go to the first line of bloekade. Ontside of this second line 
will croise tne squadron of battle ships, which in the discretion of the commander in 
chief may lie at a considerable distance from the port, and may change position after 
nightfall. Of course no definite rule can be laid down as to the position of this squad- 
ron, for the commander in chief must be guided by circumstances as they arise; but 
It is worth calling his attention to the fact that the battle fleet must keep the sea, 
so as to make the blockade technieally valid. The efficiency of the blockade does 
not depend upon the immediate presence of the fleet itself, but upon the fact that its 
support is always at hand, to support the inshore squadron and preyent the latter 
from being dri ven off by the enemy in port. A distance of 25 miles may be near enou j;h, 
and if the position of the battle fleet can always be chanjpsd after nightfall, the 
chance of successful assault by the enemy's toroedo boats will be minimized. The 
Department would again repeat, however, that tne captains in the inshore squadrons 
must understand that their duty is at any hazard to prevent hostile torpedo boats 

Setting by them, to detect, and, more than that, to immediately grapple with and 
ght them under any circumstances. The torpedo boats, and even the torpedo-boat 
destroyers, lose nine-tenths of their menace wnen detected ; and, moreover, they are 
ftMile ana easily destroyed. 

£aeh man encaged in the work of the inshore squadron should have in him the 
stuff out of which to make a possible Gushing: and if the man wins, the recognition 

Siven him shall be as great as that given to Gushing, so far as the Department can 
ring this about. 

John D. Long, Seer^tarjf. 



[dronlar letter No. 1.] 

IT. S. Flagship Nbw Yobk, 1st Bate, 

Key Westj Fla.j March 27^ 1898. 

SiB: All yessels except torpedo boats will be painted lead color. 
Commanding officers can obtain a sample color by sending to flagship 
if not otherwise supplied. 
Boato, gans, hand rails will not be painted at present 
The order applies to hull, superstmctares, masts, and smokestacks, etc. 
Very respectfully, 

WnxiAH T. Sampson, 

Captaifij U. 8, N.^ 
dnnmander in Chief U. S. Naval Farce^ North Atlantic Station. 

The Co]aiAin>iNO Offiobb, 

U. S. 8. . 



.Cliea]arl0iterKo.8.] 

U. S, Flagship New Tobk, 1st Bate, 

Key Westf Fla.^ March 28^ 1898. 

SiB: Commanding officers of ships are directed to land at Fort Tay- 
lor, Key West, for temporary storage, such articles of equipment, con- 
struction, etc., as in their opinion will not be needed on board during 
active operations. During smooth weather a landing can probably be 
effected on the sea side of the fort near the breakwater. 

• •••••• 

Yeiy respectfully, 

William T. Sampson, 

Captain^ 
Oommander in Chief U. 8. Naval Force, North Atlantic Station. 

The GoMMANDiNa Offiobb, 

U. 8. A . 



166 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

[Circular letter No. 6.] 

U. S. Flagship New York, 1st Bate, 

Key Westy Fla.^ April i, 1898. 

SiB: A cruiser and two torpedo boats will be detailed nightly to 
proceed on picket duty about 10 miles to the southward of the flagship. 

The torpedo boats will be assigned stations, one to the eastward and 
one to the westward of the cruiser, at a distance of about 5 miles from 
her. The boats will move to and fro from the cruiser toward the reef, 
covering a distance of about 10 miles from her and sighting her fre- 
quently. 

The cruiser will keep her running lights, but the torpedo boats will 
mask theirs. 

In case a suspicious vessel is seen standing northward, a torpedo 
boat will approach t^e flagship sufficiently to enable rockets to be seen, 
and two will be flred simultaneously. The boat will then run in for the 
squadron at full speed and communicate, using her private signal as 
she approaches the squadron. 

All will return to their anchorage in the inner harbor at early day- 
light. 

The Oinoinnati will take this duty April 1, her commanding officer 
arranging with the commanding officer of the torpedo boat flotilla as 
to the detail of torpedo boats. 

This duty will in general be taken successively by the cruisers in the 
order of the rank of their commanding officers. 

The senior officer at the inner anchorage is hereby charged with the 
execution of this order. 

Very respectfully, William T. Sampson, 

Oaptain^ Oommander in Chief U. S. Naval Force^ 

North Atlantic Station. 

The Commanding Offiobb, 

U, 8. 8. . 



[Ciroubtr letter Ko. 7.] 

U. S. Flagship New York, 1st BiTE, 

Key Westj Fla., April i, 1898. 

SiB: The following copy of a telegram received from the Bureau of 
Navigation is published for your information: 

Washinotok, D. C, April 1, 1898. 
Sampson, Key WeMt, Fla,: 

Authorized to waive age limits on enlistments for all ratlnfcs at discretion, hat 
nse carefal Judgment in so doing. Authorized to enlist well-qnalified men for one 
year, unless sooner discharged, noting on enlistment records Department will grant 
discharge, if requested, before expiration of enlistment, provided exigencies of serv- 
ice permit. What progress have you made in enlistments f 

Crowninshixld. 

Very respectfiilly, WiiiLiAM T. Sampson, 

Captain^ Oommander in Chief U. 8. Naval Force^ 

' North Atlantic Station. 
The OOMJiANDING Offioeb, 

U. 8. 8. . 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 167 

[Cirealar lett«r Ko. M.] 

n. S. FLAGsnip Nbw York, Ist Bate, 

Key West J Flo., April 16, 1898. 

Sir: In order to aid in distingnishinii^ our ships in time of action, 
etc, the smoke pipes of all vessels of the fleet will be painted with a 
black band around the top, varying in width from 4 feet for the larger 
to 2 feet for the smaller, as tugs, torpedo boats, etc 

This mark has been adopted by the Flying Squadron, and, it is 
believed, will serve for quick recognition. 

Commanding officers io complying with this order will not make pub- 
lic the reason assigned. 

Very respectfully, William T. Sampson, 

Captain^ Camwiander in Chief U. S. Natal Farce, 

Kortk AUantie Station. 
The CoMMAHBiHG Officsr, 

Urn 8m & • 



[CbeolM letter Ko. ».] 

U. S. Flagship New York, 1st Bate, 

Key West^ Flo., ApHl 19y 1898. 

8iB: Immediately upon receipt of this letter you will have the war 
heads (but without the detonator) placed on all torpedoes, 
very respectfully, 

William T. Sampson, 
Oaptainy Oommander in Chief U. 8. Naval Foreey 

North Atlantic Station. 

The OOMMANDING OFFICER, 

U. 8. S. 



10474a 
10102& 

[SqnAdroa General Order Ko. C] 

North Atlaxtic Statiok, 
U. S. FLAGSinr New York, 1st Rati, 

Key Wmi, FU,, April »l, 1898. 

HsTing FdoeiTed the foUowing telegraphic inBiractionB from the Navy Department: 

"Ton are anigned to command of the United States foroes on the North AUantie 
8iationy with the rank of a rear-admiral. Hoist the flag of a rear-admiral imme- 
diately. 

Long.** 

I ahall hoist the flag of a rear-admiral at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning, the 22d 
iaatani. 

WiLUAX T. Sampson, 
Bmr-Admiral, Omwumder to Ckirf U. 8, Natal Fane, 

North AUamtie SUHam. 



106367. 

[SqvadroB G«iMral Order No. 7.] 

North Atlaxiic SrATioir, 
U. 8. Flagship New York, 
Of Harana Harhar, CmhOy AprU g$, 1898. 

fin: The accompanying is a proclamation by the President of the United States 
eoaeeming a blockade ofCnban ports. 

Ton wuT cause a copy of this proclamation to be deliTered to the captains of all 
■SBtnl TBSssIs boacdsa and entitlod to snch notification, t a., who haye not had 



168 BUBBAU OF NAVIGATION. 

provionB notifloation--«otnal or oonttruotiye— of the existence of the hlookade, and 
an entry made in said neutral ship's log that a oopy has been so given the captain. 
Very reepeotftillyy 

William T. BampsoNi 
Bear-Admiral, Commander in ChUf U, S. Naval Farce. 

North Ailantie Station. 



[CiroalAT lettarNo. 88.] 

U. S. Flagship New Tobk, 1st Bate, 

Off Havana^ Cvba^ A]^ril 25y 1898. 

SiB: There have been received a limited namber of copies of ^< ships' 
papers" of various nationalities. 

One copy of each received, or that is received sabsequently, will be 
found on the ship of the senior officer of each division or squadron away 
from the commander in chief, and may be consulted in case of any doubt 
as to the papers of a ship boarded. 
The supply is not sufficient to furnish each ship a copy. 
Very respectfully, 

W. T. Sampson, 
Bear-Admiraly Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval ForcSj 

North Atlantic Station. 
The Commanding Offices, 

U. S. S. . 



121913. 
10102& 

[Sqaadron General Order No. 10.] 

North Atlantic Station, 
U. S. Flagship Nkw York, Ist Rate, 
Off Santiago de Cuha, Cuba, June 11, 1898. 

instructions to blockabino vessels and cruisers. 

(To repUoe the instraotions of May 2.) 

1. The vessels of this squadron^ while eugaffed in blockading and cmisinff service, 
will be governed by the rales of internation^ law and the decisions of prize conrts 
laid down in the text-books and manuals famished by the Navy Department to 
ships' libraries, and by the provisions of the treaties between the United States and 
other powers. 

The following brief instractions, based npon the above rales and decisions, are 
established for convenient reference: 

BXXXIKADB. 

2. A blookade, to be effective and binding, mast be maintained by a force sufBcient 
to render ingress to or egress from the port dangerous. If the blockading vessels be 
driven away by stress of weather, returning without delay to their stations, the 
oontiunity of the blockade is not thereby broken; but if they leave their stations 
voluntarily, except for purposes of the blockade, such as chasing a blockade runner, 
or are driven awav by an enemy's force, the blockade is abandoned or broken, and 
new notice as to tne port or ports affected becomes necessary. As a suspension of a 
blockade is a serious matter, reouiring new notification, and thereby interfering 
with the efficiency of the blockaae, commanding officers will exercise special care 
not to give grounds for such allegation. 

M0TIFICATI01I8 TO NBUT&ALB. 

8. Neutral vessels are entitled to notification of a blockade before they can be 
made prize for its attempted violation. The character of this notification is not 
material. It may be actual, as by a vessel of the blockading force, or constructive, 
M by a proclamation of the Government maintaining the blookaae, or by common 



BUREAU OF NAYIQATION. 169 

Botoriety. If a neairal ressel can be shown to have had notice of the blockade in 
any way, she is good prise and should be sent in for adjndication ; bat should formal 
noiioe not have been ^rtm, the rule of constructive knowledge arising fh>m notoriety 
should be constrnod in a manner liberal to the neutral. 

4. Vessels appearing before a blockaded port, haYinff sailed without notification, 
are entitled to actual notioe by a blockading vessel. They should be boarded by an 
officer, who should enter in the ship's log the fact of such notice, such entry to 
indnde the name of the blockading vessel giving notice, the extent of the blockade, 
the date and place, verified by his official sicrnatnre. The vessel is then to be set 
free, and should she again attempt to enter the same or any other blockaded port, 
she is good prise. 

5. 8honld it appear ftom a vessel's dearanee that she sailed after the notice of 
blockade had been communicated to the country of her port of departure, or affer 
the fact of the blockade had, by fair assumption, become commonly known at that 
port^ she should be sent in as a prise. There are, however, treaty exceptions to this 
rule, and these exeeptions should be strictly observed. 

6. A nentral vessel msv sail in good faith for a blockaded port with an alternative 
destination to be decided upon by information as to the continuance of the blockade 
obtained at an intermediate port. But in such case sbe is not allowed to continue 
her voyage to the blockaded port in alleged quest of information as to the statos 
of the blockade, but must obtain it and decide upon her course before she arrives in 
sospicions vicinitv; and if the blockade has been formally established with doe 
Boufication, any doubt as to the good fisith of such a proceeding should go against 
tlie neutral and subject her to seisure. 

7. In accordanee with the rule adopted by the United States in the existing war 
with Spain, neutral vessels found in port at the time of the establishment of a block- 
ade will, unless otherwise ordered by the United States, be allowed thirty days ftom 
the establishment of the blockade to load their cargoes and depart fVom such port. 

S. A vessel, under any oircumstances, resisting the visit of a blockading vessel. 
destroying her papers, presenting ftaudulent papers, or attempting to escape, should 
be sent in for acijndlcation. The liability of a blockade runner to capture and con- 
demnation beffins and terminates with her voyage. If there is good evidence that 
she sailed wiui intent to evade the blockade, sbe is good prise from the moment she 
appears upon the hich seas. Similarly, if she has snceeedeid in escaping from a block- 
aded port^ she is liable to capture at any time before she reaches her home port, but 
with the termination of the voyage the oflTense ends. 

9. The crews of blockade runners are not enemies, and should be treated, not as 
prisoners of war, but with every consideration. Anv of the officers or crew, how- 
ever, whose testimony before the prise court may be desired, should be detained as 



10. The men-of-war of nentral powers should be, as a matter of courtesy, allowed 
free passage to and from a blockaded port. 

VL Blockade running is a distinct ofiense, and subjects the vessel attempting or 
sailing with the intent to commit it to seizure, without regard to the nature of ner 
cargo. The presence of contraband of war in the cargo becomes a distinct cause of 
seizure of the vessel where she is bound to a port of uie enemy not blockaded, and 
to whieh, contraband of war excepted, she is me to trade. 

BIOHT OP SBABGH. 

12. The belligerent right of search may be exercised without previous notice upon 
all nentral vessels after the beginning of war u> determine their nationality, the 
character of their carso, and the ports between which they are trading. 

13. This right should be exercised with tact and consideration, and in strict 
conformity with treaty provisions wherever they exist. The following directions 
are ^ven. subject to any special treaty stipulations : After firing a blank charse and 
causing tne vessel to lie to, the cruiser should send a small boat, no larger uian a 
whaleboat^ with an officer to conduct the search. There may be arms in the boat, 
but the men should not wear them on their persons. The officer, wearing only his 
side arms, and accompanied on board by not more than two men of his boat's crew, 
unarmed, should first examine the veseers papers to ascertain her nationality and 
her ports of departure and destination. If she is neutral and trading between neu- 
tral ports, the examination goes no further. If she is neutral and bound to an 
enemy's port not blockaded, the papers which indicate the character of her cargo 
should be examined. If these show contraband of war, the vessel should be seized; 
if not, she should be set f^ee. No sealed hatches should be broken nor any exsmina- 
tion of the car^ o made. 

14. Irrespective of the oharaeter of the cargo, or her purported destination, a 
Bontnal vessel should be seized if she — 

I. Attempts to avoid search by escape; bnt this most be clearly evideat* 



170 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

II. Resists seftrch with violenoe. 

III. Presents fraudulent papers. 

IV. Is not supplied with the necessary papers to establish the objects of search. 
V. Destroys, defaces, or conceals napen. 

16. A neutral vessel carrying hostile despatches, when a despatch vessel practi- 
cally in the service of the enemy, is liable to seizure; but not when she is a mail 
packet and carries them in the regular and customary manner, either as a part of 
the mail in her mail bags or separately as a matter of accommodation and without 
special arrangement or remuneration. 

16. A neutral vessel in the service of the enemy, in the transportation of troops or 
military persona, is liable to seizure. 

MEBOBAMT VXBSELB OF TEE WKEXt, 

17. Are good prize and may be seized anywhere, except in neutral waters. To 
this rule, however, the President's proclamation of April 26, 1898, made the following 
exceptions : 

"(i) Spanish merchant vessels in any ports or places within the United States 
shall be allowed till May 21, 1898, inclusive, for loadinff their cargoes and departing 
from such places, and snch Spanish merchant vessels, if met at sea by any United 
States ship, shall be permitted to continue their voyage if, on examination of their 
papers, it snaU appear that their cargoes were taken on board before the expiration 
of the above term : Provided, That nothing herein contained shall applv to Spanish 
vessels having on board any officer in the military or naval service of tne enemy, or 
any coal (except snch as may be necessary for their voyaee), or any other article pro- 
hibited or contraband of war, or any dispatch of or to the Spanish Government. 

''(6) Any Spanish merchant vessel which, prior to April 21, 1898, shall have sailed 
from any foreign port bound for any port or place in the United States, shall be per- 
mitted to enter such port or place and to discharge her cargo, and afterwards forth- 
with to depart without molestation: and any such vessel, if met at sea by any 
United States ship, shall be permitted to continue her voyage to any port not 
blockaded." 

unDnr*s pbopxbtt or inuTaAL vesssls hot ooiiTBABAin> or wab. 

18. The President, by his proclamation of April 26, 1898, declared: 
"(1) The neatral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of 



war." 



BBNDnra or pbizb. 



19. Prizes should be sent in for a^udication, unless otherwise directed, to the 
nearest home port in which a prize court may be sitting. 

20. The prize should be delivered to the court in as nearly as possible her condi- 
tion at the time of seizure; and to this end her papers should be sealed at the time 
of seizure and kept in the custody of the prize master. Attention is called in this 
connection to articles 16 and 17 for the government of the United States Navy. 

21. All witnesses whose testimony is necessary to the adjudication of the prize 
should be detained and sent in with ner, and, if circumstances permit, it is preferable 
that the officer making the search should act as prize master. 

22. As to the delivery of the prize to the Judicial authority, consult sections 
4615, 4616, and 4617. Revised Statntes of 1878. The papers, including the log book, 
of the prize, are delivered to the prize commissioners, the witnesses to the custody 
of the United States marshal, and the prize itself remains in the custody of the 
prize master until the court issues process directing one of its officers to take charge. 

23. The title to property seized as prize, either vessels or cargo, chanra only Dy 
decision rendered by the prize court, and therefore, so far as practicame, all cap- 
tures should be sent in for adjudication intact, in the condition in which they were 
seized. But if the vessels themselves or their cargoes are necessary for immediate 
public use, they may be converted to such use, a careful inventory and appraisal 
being made by impartial persons and certified to the prize court. 

24. If there are controlling reasons why vessels may not be sent in for a^udica- 
tion, as unseaworthiness, the existence of infectious diseases, the lack of a prize 
crew, they may be appraised and sold; and if this can not be done they may be de- 
stroyed. The imminent danger of recapture would Justify destruction if there was 
no doubt that the vessel was good prize. In all snch cases all the papers and other 
testimony should be sent to the prize court in order that a decree may be duly 
entered, and the proceeds of sale, if sold, or an amount equal to the appraised valua- 
tion, if taken for Qovemment nse, must be deposited subject to the order of the 
oonrt 

WlLUAM T. SAMP80F, 

B§ar-Admiralf 
Commander la Chitf U. 8. Naval Forca^ NoHk AUamUo StaUon. 



BUREAU OP NATIQATION. 171 

(OoaU«Btial.) 

Washihoton, April 6^ 1S9S. 

Sir : In the eyent of bostilities with Spain, the De|>artnient wishes yon 
to do all in your power to capture or destroy the Spanish war vessels 
in West Indian waters, including the small gunboats which are 
stationed along the coast of Cuba. 

2. The Department does not wish the vessels of your squadron to 
be exposed to the fire of the batteries at Havana, Santiago de Cuba, or 
other strongly fortified ports in Cuba, unless the more formidable Si>an- 
ish vessels should take refuge within those harbors. Even in this case 
the Department would saggest that a rigid blockade and employment 
of our torpedo boats might accomplish the desired object, vix, the 
destruction of the enemy^s vessels, without subjecting unnecessarily 
our own menof-warto the fire of the land batteries. 

There are two reasons for this: 

First There may be no United States troops to occupy any captured 
stronghold, or to protect from riot and arson, until after the dry season 
beginis, about the first of October* 

Second. The lack of docking facilities makes it particularly desirable 
that our vessels should not be crippled before the capture or destruc- 
tion of Spain's most formidable vessels. 

3. The Department further desires that, in case of war, you will 
maintain a strict blockade of Cuba, particularly at the ports of Havana, 
Hatanzas, and, if possible, of Santiago de Cuba, Manzanillo, and 
Cienfuegos. Such a blockade may cause the Spaniards to yield before 
the rainy season is over. 

4. All prizes should be sent to Key West or other available United 
States ports for abjudication. 

6. Should it be decided to furnish the insurgents with arms and 
ammnnition, the Department suggests that Nuevitas and Puerto Padre 
would be the most suitable places to laud them and establish ^commu- 
nications with the Cuban forces. 

6. Should the Department learn that the Spanish fleet had gone to 
Porto Bico, it is possible that the Flying Squadron may be sent 
thither, in which case some of your vessels may be needed to reenforce 
that squadron. 

7. The Department hopes to be able to cut the cable off Santiago 
de Cnba, even if it has to employ a special cable vessel for this purpose, 
and it also has under consideration the practicability of cutting the 
cable near Havana and connecting the end to one of the vessels of your 
command, so that you can always be in communication with the Depart- 
ment. Whether or not this plan is feasible has not yet been deter- 
mined. Please consider it 

8. The Department need not impress upon you the necessity for 
stringent sanitary regulations. It leaves this matter, as well as the 
details in regard to conducting operations, to the commander in chief, 
in whose judgment it has the greatest confidence. 

Wishing you every success, very respectfully, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 

COMMANDEB IN CHIEF, 

17. 8. Xaval Farce, North Atlantic atation. 



172 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

107181. 

[Importaiioe of ImmedUte and vigoroiia operations againit Havana.] 

U. S. FLAasHiP New Yobe, 1st Batb, 

Key Westj Fla.^ April P, 1898. 

Mt Dbab Mb. Sbobetabt: I have received yoar oonfideutial letter 
of April 6. 

I sympathize with all you say aboat guarding oar big ships against a 
X)ossibIy serious loss while the enemy's fleet is still intact. At the same 
time I regard it as very important to strike quickly and strike hard as 
soon as hostilities commence* Havana is well defended by three or four 
batteries to the eastward of the entrance, mounting guns from 6 to 12- 
inch caliber. On the western side of the entrance there are three bat- 
teries, the guns varying in caliber from 8 to 12-inch, and two mortar 
batteries. All the batteries face seaward, and those to the west of the 
entrance are quite near the shore. All are open batteries, with heavy 
traverses between the guns. The guns and people who serve them are 
quite unprotected. 

These batteries are well calculated to keep off a fleet from seaward, 
which approaches to within a moderate distance of a few thousand yards. 
I do not think they are well placed to resist an attack (for instance, the 
western batteries) from the westward and close in shore, where the 
batteries would be exposed to a flank fire, or to the fire of our big ships 
at short range, where the secondary batteries would have full effect. 
Even under these circumstances the ships must have such a heavy fire 
that the men in the batteries would be overwhelmed by its volume. 
Before the Puritan and Amphitrite arrived I was not entirely sanguine 
of the success of such an attack. Since their arrival yesterday I have 
little doubt of its success. 

Although the monitors are weak in secondary fire I expected to put 
a cruiser with heavy secondary fire in the interval between each two of 
them. In this way I do not think the Spaniards would be able to fire. 
They would be driven away from their guns and kept away, while the 
fire of the ships would so injure the guns or mounts that they would be 
unserviceable. Although the defenses west of the entrance are stronger 
than those east, the first has the advantage for us that all the projectiles 
which miss the batteries will fall in the city and furnish an additional 
inducement for the surrender of the city. 

In the memorandum which I ftirnished to the commanding ofBcers of 
ships I provided that if our ships were not numerous enough, or the 
Spaniards proved better than I expected, we were at once to haul off and 
substitute for the direct attack a close blockade of the port, which was 
to be extended east and west to adjoining ports as quickly as possible. 
Having silenced the western batteries, it would be quite practicable to 
shell the city, which I would do only after warning given twenty-four 
hours in advance. 

I see theforceof your reasoning that we would have no troops tooccupy 
the city if it did surrender, yet, Mr. Secretary, it will be very unfortu- 
nate, besides a great loss of time, if we must delay until the rainy season 
is over. Probably a close blockade would terminate the trouble before 
October. 

I shall do my utmost to carry out your wishes as set forth in your let- 
ter. At the same time I hope you will consider the plan I have here 
outlined. I have discussed the matter freely with Captains Evans, 
Taylor, and Ohadwick, and all unite with me that the direct attack is 
Bufflcientiy promising to warrant its trial. 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 173 

I dont tbink the plan of catting the cable at Havana and taking the 
end on board ship wonld sacceed, for a ship could not anchor off Havana. 
I have already telegraphed yon to send means for grappling a cable, 
with Uie intention of catting those at Oaantanamo and Santiago. 

I will try [to] keep yon informed of our doings after leaving here by 
a eniiser sent here to the telegraph line. 

We are working day and night to keopthe ships in readiness for service. 
The Helena and Fwriian are now under repairs, whi(A will occnpy sev- 
eral days. There wfll be no delay in moving when the order comes. 
Bespectfally, 

W. T. Sampson. 
The Sbckbtabt op thb Navt, 

Navy Department^ Waskingtanf D. 0. 



Washinoton, April 7, 1898. 
Savtsok, Keif West : 

Doable row torpedoes placed across entrance Havana. 

Long. 



WAsmKOTON, April P, 1898. 
PSBH, Havana: 

All United States vessels are to leave when the United States oonsol- 
general leaves. Acknowledge by telegraph. 

LoNa. 



HavaKA, April 9 J 1898. 

Sbcsstart op thb Navt, Washington: 

All United States vessels sailed except schooner John R. Beraen. 
That can leave Monday noon, and schooner Powell^ anloading lamb^i 
aboot which hope satisfactory arrangements can be made. 

Ck>WLB8. 



Havana, April 9^ 1898. 

Sbcbbtabt op thb Navt, Waehingtan: 

Fem^ United States consalgeneral, and Baeke leave to-day for Key 
West 

OOWLBS. 



Washinoton, April 11^ 1898. 
Sampson, JTsy Weeiy Flo. : 

If voa have to blockade Cuba, how many armed anxiliaries would 
yoa aesire, and what sizet 

LONO. 



Washinoton, April 20j 1898. 
Savpson, Keff We$t^ Fla. : 

French cable into Guantanamo passes through a point iu six fathoms, 
ofoe hundred yards south, sixty degrees west true from Fisherman's 
Point, as shown on H. O. Chart No. three seventy seven B, probably 



174 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

marked by buoy. In eighteen ninety the Madrid hydrographic office 
published a statement that line of cable is indicated by four posts 
situated on land, three on Oayo Toro, and one on Cayo Caoba. Western 
Union has been asked to order machinery by telegraph turned over to 
you. 

Long. 



Washington, April 21^ 1898. 
Sampson, Key Westy Fla. : 

You are assigned to command of the United States naval force on 
the Korth Atlantic Station, with the rank of a rear-admiral. Hoist the 
flag of a rear-admiral immediately. 

Long. 



Washington, April 21^ 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Flo. : 

Blockade coast of Cuba immediately from Oardenas to Bahia Honda. 
Blockade Oienfnegos, if it is considered advisable. Issue a proclama- 
tion of blockade covering blockaded ports. Permit neutrals now load- 
ing to come out. Do not bombard, according to terms of my letter of 
April 6. 

Long. 



Key West, Fla,, April 21j 1898. 
Seobetabt op the l^AVT, Washington: 

Do not understand instructions to issue proclamation of blockadet 
Do you mean notice of blockadet I am ready to start. Shall I await 
additional instructions t 

Sampson. 



[Mamonmdnm for the Infomiatloii of Attomay'General.] 

Washington, April 21, 1898. 

The orders sent to Bear-Admiral Sampson to-day provide for a 
blockade of the following points on the north coast of Cuba, and all 
points on the coast between Cardenas and Bahia Honda: 

Santa Olara Bay, Cardenas, Oardenas Bay, Port Matanzas, Matanzas, 
Jaruco River, Biver Cojimar, Havana, Chorrera, Mariel, Cabanas, Bahia 
Honda. 

The blockade of Cienfhegos and adjacent waters is, for the time being, 
left to the discretion of the Commander in Chief. 

Long. 



Key West, Fla., April 23j 1898. 
Seobetabt op the Navy, 

Navy Department, Washingtanj D. 0. : 

Blockade established at following ports: Mariel, Havana, Matanzas, 
and Oardenas. 

Sampson. 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 175 

Nayal Station, Kby West, April 23^ 1898. 

SSCSKTABT i}9 Naty, WothingUm: 

The Admiral left yesterday at 6.30 a, m. (April 22). Off Havana. 
According to the last order oar fleet is reported to be north coast of 
Caba in three divisions with one special service squadron. Comman- 
der Lyon cable censor. Torpedo boats remain here to communicate. 
The Dolphin and torpedo boats, three tugs, and Hornet at Key West. 

FOBSYTHB. 

Washinoton, April 21j 1898. 

Sib : The Department's instructions of April 6 are modified as follows : 

Ton will immediately institute a blockade of the north coast of Ouba» 
extending from Cardenas on the east to Bahia Honda on the west; 
alsO) if in your opinion your force warrants, the port of Cienfuegos, 
on the south side of the island. It is considered doubtful if the pres- 
ent force at your command would warrant a more extensive blockade. 

It diould be borne in mind that whenever the Army is ready to 
embark for Cuba the Navy will be required to furnish the necessary 
convoy for its transports. For this reason it does not seem desirable 
that you should undertake at present to blockade any more of the 
island than has been indicated. It is believed that this blockade will 
cut off Havana almost entirely from receiving supplies from the outside. 

The Navy Department is considering the question of occnpjring the 
port of Matanzas by a military force large enough to hold it and to 
open communications with tiie insurgents, and this may be done at an 
early date, even before the main party of the Army is ready to embark. 
If this operation is decided upon, you are directed to cooperate with 
the Army and assist with such vessels as are necessary to cover and 
protect such a movement. 

If you obtain any information of the movements of Spanish ships of 
war in any part of the West Indies, you will, if practicable, inform 
the Department by telegraph of such movements. 

In conducting such other operations as you may deem desirable, 
you will be governed by the instructions conteined in the Department's 
letter of April 6. 

The Department does not wish the defenses of Havana to be bom- 
barded or attacked by your squadron. 
Very respectfblly, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 

OOMMANDKB IN CHIBF, 

U. 8. Naval Force, North Atlantic Station. 

WAsniNOTON, April 21, 1898. 

Navy-YABDB, Boeton, New Yorkj Norfolk, Mare Island : 

The naval force on the North Atlantic Station are blockading Cuba. 
War has not been declared. War may be declared at any moment. 

LONO. 



Washington, April 21, 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Flo.: 

Allow all neutral ships twenty days in which to leave Cuba. Oive 
•very facility and assistance to representatives of foreign Governments 
who desire to leave Oubat 

Long. 



176 BUREAU OF NAVIGATIOK. 

Washington, April 25^ 1898. 
Sampson, Key West: 

Telegrax)hic cables mast not be interfered with until farther orders. 

LONQ. 



Washington, April ^, 1898. 
Sampson, Key West : 

Referring to your telegram recables, my telegram applies to all 
cables. We are considering the advantage of declaring telegraph 
cables neutral. 

Long. 



Washington, April 22, 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Fla.: 

Hydrographio office. New York, states officially Spanish transport 
sailed April 13 from Canaries for Havana. 

Long. 



Washington, April 22, 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Fla.: 

A commnnication from the State Department. Spanish merchandise 
vessel will leave April 24 from Vera Graz to deliver supplies, large 
quantities, at Havana. 

Long. 



Washington, April 22, 1898. 
Naval Station, Key West: 

Inform Sampson, if practicable, otherwise blockading vessel, that 
Spanish steamer Oarcia left Pensacola this afternoon without clearing 
at custom-house. Valuable ship and cargo, 2,000 tons. Was loadiug for 
Havana, but now believed will try to pass between Oape San Antonio 
and Yucatan Bank to morrow night or Suuday night, close to Yucatan 
Bank. 

Obowninshielb. 



Washington, April 25, 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Fla.: 

New Orleans reports two Spanish steamers leaving New Orleans and 
Galveston, respectively ; thought to be bouud through Yucatan Ohaunel. 

Obowninshield. 



Washington, April 25, 1898. 
Sampson, Key West, Fla. : 

Two Spanish steamers, Pio the Ninth and Maria Herrera, have arrived 
at Yera Cruz. The steamer Villaverda cleared last night tor Ouba. 
Valuable cargo of provisions for Cuba. 

Obowninshibld. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION, 177 

Washington, April 26j 1898. 
8AVP80N, Kry We$i: 

The orders aiider which you are acting do Dot prevent the use of some 
of your vessels in scoariug coast of Caba north and soath and captnr- 
ing or destroying sach Spanish vessels of war as may be in those 
waters. It would be within your discretion to send monitors with these 
vessels if yon thought proper. While the Department does not wish 
a bombardment of forts protected by heavy cannon, it is within your 
discretion to destroy light batteries which may protect vessels you 
desire to attack, if you can do so without exposure to heavy guns. 

Long. 



Kby West, April 27, 1898. 
Navy DEPi^RXMENT, WoMhingtan: 

Blockade of Gienfoe^os begins to-day. Can not continue unless col- 
liers are sent before supply approaches exhaustion. 

Sampson. 



Washington, April 28y 1898. 

Sir: The Department has decided to send you two commodores, to 
serve under your onlers^ the senior to command the naval base at Key 
West, which will include the naval establishments on shore and all the 
vessels in the harbor permanently and those that at any time may enter. 

In a general way his duty will be to see that the ships of your squad- 
ron are ooaled, provisioned^ and supplied with ammunition speedily, 
and that any repairs on them which have been authorized by you are 
pressed with all the dispatch possible with the facilities on the ships 
themselves and at the station on shore. It will also be his duty to see 
that the coaling and provision facilities are maintained in a most effect- 
ive condition and by the best methods practicable; and the same with 
the arrangements regarding the furnishing of ammunition. He is, in 
fiict, to maintain a general command over tiie Key West station, but is 
entirely under your orders. This control on his part will extend to 
Tortngas. One of his most important duties will be to complete each 
vessel that vou send him or that comes into his station as quickly as 
possible and return her to you. 

The present commandant at the Key West Naval Station will continue 
to execute the duties which he is already charged with, but of course 
subject to the orders of the eomniodore who commands the whole base. 

Tlie junior commodore sent you is to be employed in the squadron 
operating on the a)ast of Cuba or in the general neighborhood. Yon 
will assign him a ship on which to hoist his pennant and will charge 
bim with such dnties suitable to his rank as you may think best The 
object of sending him is t4) assist you in the military duties devolving 
opon yon in connection with the squadron of oi)eratioiis. This officer 
may of course be sent on any detached exi>edition or on the south 
sifle of the island of Cuba, or where it seems to you most expedient to 
have him.go. 

If ffir any rt^ason you should be obliged to be absent from the sta- 
tioOf the senior of these two oflicers will succeed to tem|H>rary command. 
Very respectfully, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 

COMMAHDBR IN CHIRP OP THR NORTH ATLANTIC STATION. 



178 BUREAU OP ^AVIGAT^ON. 

Washington, April 28, 1898. 
Sghlby, Fort Monroe^ Va,: 

Department anxious to get colliers to Sampson as soon as possible. 
Start Saturn and Niagara as soon as weather permits. Heavy gale off 
Carolina coast at the present time. 

Long. 



Kby West, April 28, 1898. 

Sbcbetabt of Nayt, Washingtony D. 0.: 

Shall the Indiana, Detroit, and auxiliaries drag for cable at Santiago 
de Ouba and Ouautanamo and destroy itt 

Tayloe. 



WAsniNGTON, April 28, 1898. 
Tayloe, Key We%i, Fla.: 

Not to cut cables till further orders. 

Long. 



Off Havana, April 28, 1898. 

Bboebtaey of the Nayt, Woihington: 

I find that a large number of fishing schooners are attempting to got 
into Havana from their fishing grounds near the Florida reefs and 
coasts. They are generally manned by excellent seamen, belonging to 
the maritime inscription of Spain, who have already served in the 
Spanish navy, and who are liable to fiirther service. As these trained 
men are naval reserves, have a semimilitary character, and would be 
most valuable to the Spaniards as artillerymen, either afloat or ashore, 
I recommend that they should be detained prisoners of war, and that I 
should be authorized to deliver them to the commanding officer of the 
army at Key West. 

Sampson. 



Washington, April 30, 1898. 
Sampson, Key WeBt, Fla. : 

Spanish fishing vessels attempting to violate blockade are subject, 
with crew, to capture, and any such vessel or crew considered likely to 
aid enemy may be detained. 

Long. 



OPERATIONS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN. 



(2) BLOCKADE OF CUBA AND OP SAN JUAN, PORTO RICO, AND THB 

OPERATIONS INCIDENT THERETO. 

(Does not include the bombardment of Sau Juan, Porto Rico.) 



179 



OFEBATIOVS TH TEE VOBTH ATLAHTIC OCEAV. 

BLOCKADE OF CUBA AND OF SAN JTJAN, POBTO BICO AND THB 

OPERATIONS INCIDENT THERETO. 

Key West, Fla., April 28^ 1898. 

BXCRBTARY OP THB Nayy, Washington: 

The Sew Yarkj Puritanj and Oincinnati shelled Point Gorda, at 
MantanzaSy yesterday to prevent the construction of new batteries 
which they were commencing. The Puritan has been ordered to pre- 
vent any resiimption of work. 

Sampson. 



10705a 

[Beport of ftlielliDg of defenses si Point Gorda, Mstanxas, Cnb*.] 

No. 69.] TJ. S. Flagship New York, 1st Bate, 

Off Havana, Cuba, April 28, 1898. 

Sib: Having received information through Captain Harrington yes- 
terday morning that the Spaniards were adding to the defenses of 
Matanzas by the construction of batteries at Point Gorda, I proceeded 
there yesterday afternoon, and, in company with the Puritan and the 
Vincimmati, shelled the new battery, with the object of preventing its 
completion. 

I directed Captain Harrington to shell the new battery whenever he 
thought it necessary to prevent the continuance of the works. 

We were fired upon by the new battery and by the old one on the 
opposite side of the bay, but without efiect 
Very respectfully, 

W. T. Sampson, 

Rear Admiral, U. iS, i^T., 
Gemmander in Chief, U. 8. Naval Farce, North Atlantic Station. 

The Segbbtabt of the Navt, 

Navjf Department^ Washington^ D. 0. 



132901. 

PBiigagem«Dt with Mstanus bsttperies.] 

U. S. Flagship IN'ew Yobk, 1st Bate, 

At Sea, April 27, 1898. 

8iB: I have the honor to report as follows regarding the action this 
day with the Matanzas batteries: 

The ship stood eastward at 10.40 from the blockading position for 
Matanzas, and at 11.65 stopped near the Cincinnati and Puritan. We 
stood in again toward Matanzas, and at 12.50 the Nevo York opened fire 
on Moiillo and Gorda batteries, at the entrance of Matanzas Harbor. 

181 



182 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. « 

The fire was returned from the batteries, bat do damage was experi- 
eDced by us. Several shell passed over and beyond the ship, A num- 
ber of our own shell fell in the Gorda Point battery. 

Shortly after this ship began firing the Cincinnati and Puritan 
requested permission to open fire,. which was granted. 

The action continued until 1.19, when signal ^^ cease firing" was made. 

As this is the first time the ship has been under fire, I would mention 
the conduct of all concerned as notably excellent. 

I herewith inclose report of the executive officer, showing amount of 
ammunition expended, etc 

Very respectfully, F. B. Ohadwick, 

Oaptainj U. 8. If^j Commanding. 

The COMMANDEB IN CHIEF. 



U. S. Flagship New York, 1st Ratr, 

Off Coatii Cuba, JpHl f7, 1898. 
Sir: In accordance with* paragraph 535, U. S. Navy Regulations, I nave the honor 
to sabmit the following report on the engagement of the batteries at Matanzas: 

The ship opened tire on the batteries at the entrance of the harbor at 12.50 p. m. 
and continued until 1.19. The principal fire was directed against the Gorda Point 
battery, some shots falling on tne battery. Several shots were fired at the battery 
on the eastern side of the narbor. 

The fire was returned from the batteries, several shell passing over the ship. 
The ship was not struck and there were no casualties. 

Total ammunition expended: Fifteen 8-inoh, sixty-one 4-inch, twenty-eight 6- 
pounder. 
The conduct of all coming under my observation was exemplary. 
Very respectfully, 

W. P. Potter, 
LieutenanUCommander, Executive Officer* 
The Commanding Officbb. 



Note. — No reports received from Puritan or Cincinnatu 



12878& 
101026. 



[Report of captare of nail ■teamor Argpnauto,] 



No. 68.] U. 8. Flagship New Yoek, 1st Rate, 

Key Westy Fla.^ May 5, 1898. 

Sis: I transmit herewith the report of Commander McCalla, who 
was sent off Cienfuegos in the hope of intercepting the two steamers 
Montserrat and Alicante^ which the Department had informed me had 
sailed from St Pierre, Martiuiqae, on the 23d April. Qnfortanatelyy 
the information was received too late to effect their capture. 

As appears from the report, this vessel captured the mail steamer 
ArgonautOj with a number of officers and mail. The Marhlehead is 
towing into port this prize, as both were short of coal. 

Accompanying these papers is Oaptain McOalla's report of the ground- 
ing of his own and one other ship of his division. Excepting the loss 
of an anchor and some hawsers th« vessels have apparently sustained 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 183 

DO injory. An I am aboat to sail I have not time to order a board of 
survey before I retarn from the expedition to the eaetward* 
Very respectfollyy 

W. T. SAXP80N, 

Bear-Admiralj United States Nacy^ 
Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Farol^ North AUaniie Station. 

The SSO&STABT OF THE NAVY, 

Navjf Dqfartmentf Wathingtony D. 0. 



No. 77.] U. S. 8. Mabblehead, 3d Bate, 

At sea, Lat 21^ 42^ N.j Ijong. 85^ & W., May 1, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that, in obedience to your orders, 
the Marbleheadj in company witii the EwgUy sailed from the vicinity of 
Havana about 10 a. m. of the 25th nltimo, delivering the mail to the 
different vessels to the westward of that city. I instracted Commander 
Maynardv of the NashvilUj that yon had directed him to accompany 
the Marblehead and Eagle on the special duty of intercepting the Span- 
ish transports MonUerrat and Alicante, which had left St. Pierre, Mar- 
tinique, on the 23d nltimo for Cuba. 

In consequence of an undiscovered deflection of the standard com- 
pass of abont half a point, I had the misfortune to strand both the 
Marblehead and Eagle at 3.46 on the morning of the 26th, a special 
report of which I have submitted. 

The division was delayed twelve hours in consequence of the ground- 
ing above mentioned. 

On the morning of the 27th the Russian bark Verandi, of Wasa, was 
boarded and given a copy of the President's proclamation concerning 
the blockade of Cuban ports, and the necessary entries were made on 
the ship's register and log book. 

On the afternoon of the same day the Norwegian steamer Condor, of 
Bergen, from Gienfuegos to New York, laden with molasses and carry- 
ing Cuban refhgees, was boarded, and the necessary entries were also 
made on her register and log book. 

About 11 a. m. of the 28th ultimo, arriving in the vicinity of the 
bank discovered by the cable steamer Silvertown, it occurretl to me 
that the cable might possibly have been laid on that bank, although it 
is usual to avoid shoal water for ocean lines, 

1 aoocnrdingly slowed down until the noon observations were in, and 
then steamed slowly about the locality for an hour, expecting to find 
the shoal ; but either the position of this shoal is not correctly laid 
down on the chart or else the strong currents in the vicinity aflfected 
our position, for it could not be located. 

Not wishing to api>ear off Cienfnegos until the following morning, 
the division steamed to the northeast, near to Muiios Point, with the 
town of Trinidad in sight, perhaps 15 miles away, and during the 
night of the 28th to the southward and westward to clear Xagua Bank, 
standing in toward Trinidad at 2 a. m. of the 29th, thence steaming 
along tl^ coast to the entrance to Cienfnegos. 

Shortly after the arrival of the ships off the entrance, beyond the 
raon ot the shore batteries, a torpedo gunboat^ believed to be the 
Omlbeim^ came out from the inner harbor to a point abreast Punta de 
laOoeoa. 

Betieivfog the movement of the torpedo gunboat might be an attempt 
to eacaps to the eastwanl, the ships were placed so as to cover (he 



184 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

entrance to the harbor^ after wbicb sbe steamed back into the harbor 
and disappeared behind Panta de Pasacaballos. 

At 10.55 the NcLshville having signaled that a steamer was in sight 
to the westward, Commander Maynard was signaled to stop or chase 
the steamer. 

This steamer proved to be the Spanish steamer ArgonautOj of Oien- 
faegos, runtiiug along the coast between Batabano and Santiago de 
Gaba. On board were 8 Spanish officers and 8 Spanish soldiers of the 
army, and several men, 4 women, and 3 children as passengers. 

She was laden with provisions, Manser rifles and ammunition, and a 
general cargo, but a portion of which was entered in the manifest of the 
steamer. Government officials having at the last moment taken space 
for cargo which was not entered on the manifest. 

There were also 12 bags of mail, which were transferred to the 
Nashville. 

Ensign Kuensli and a prize crew from the Nashville were sent on 
board, and the civilian passengers, including the stewardess, with their 
baggage, were sent into the harbor in two of the ArgonauUPs boats. 
The officers and men of the Spanish army were sent on board the 
Nashville, the officers and men of the steamer being retained on board 
to work her into port. 

All those on the Argonauto were treated with the greatest courtesy, 
and nothing unusual occurred. 

At about 12.10 p. m., wishing to obtain information with regard to 
the prize, the commanding officer of the Eagle was directed to take his 
position off the mouth of the river while the Marblehead steamed 
toward the Argonauto^ about 2 miles away. The Marblehead had 
hardly reached the Nashville and prize before the Eagle signaled that 
the enemy's torpedo boat was coming out of the harbor. 

The Marblehead at once steamed toward the Eagle^ which shortly 
began to fire into the entrance. The commanding officer of the torpedo 
boat, having placed himself close in to the Punta de la Gocos directly 
in front of a suburb, apparently of Gienfuegos, which has been built 
about the castle shown above Placido Gove and on the heights to the 
northward and eastward of the old fort, lirst fired on the Eagle, When 
the Marblehead arrived in the vicinity of the Eagle^ fire was opened on 
the torpedo gunboat, which shortly afterwards steamt^d in behind Punta 
de Pasacaballos. In finding the range of the torpedo gunboat some of 
the shell from this ship passed over her, two being seen to fall in the 
suburban town which I have mentioned. A short time after, the tor- 
pedo boat again came out from the inner harbor and lay close to the 
land behind the point next inside Punta de la Gocos. Two 5- inch shell 
were then fired in the direction from which the smoke from his funnel 
could be seen above the lowland. 

A battery on shore, supposed to be field guns, near Punta de la Gocos 
also opened fire on the ships, together with a guard of infantry at the 
lighthouse, who fired their rifles at the Eagl^» 

1 am pleased to report that there were no casualties, all of the shots 
from the enemy's guns with the exception of two falling short, the two 
referred to passing over the Marblehead. 

The Spaniards did good line shooting. 

At 5 p. m. of the 20th the division left the vicinity of Gienfuegos for 
the fleet off Havana, the Marblehead having but sufficient coal to reach 
Tortugas or Key West without taking unnecessary risk, under the cir- 
cumstances, and the prize having only two days' coal supply. 

On the 30th oltimoi believing that valuable information might be 



BUREAU OF MAYIOATION. 185 

foaud in the official mail captured in the ArgonautOy I directed Com- 
mander Maynard to steam at fall speed to the flagship, in order that 
yon might be in possession of this mail as soon as possible. 

I ne^ scarcely point out that Tortngas and Key West are far ftx)m 
Cienfiiegos, and that a blockading force will require coal nearer at hand, 
aiiless that force be sufficiently large to enable the ships to steam in 
aaocession to the distant base to refill their bunkers. 

I have been informed that but one line of mines has been laid across 
the river between the extremities of the broken line on the harbor 
chart showing the road firom Havana to Trinidad, and that there are 
some 6 and 8 inch modern guns at hand, but not yet mounted. It is 
also said that it was not the intention to put another line of mines 
&rther out; but I give this information for what it is worth. 

A new battery could be seen on the high land north northwest of the 
castle previously mentioned, and with glasses two large guns seemed 
to have been mounted in embrasures. 

In addition to the Oallicia it is reported that there are two old gun- 
boats and 11 armed steam launches in the harbor of Oienfuegos. 

I regret to add that the Montserrat is reported to have arrived (and, 
I believe, with truth) in Gieufuegos Wednesday morning, the 27th 
ultimo. If so, she must have steamed the distance from St. Pierre at 
14 knots, the speed assigned to her, and it would have thus been 
impossible for the Marbleheadj Nashvilley and Eagle to have arrived in 
time to intercept that transport, even had two of the ships not been 
stranded on the Colorado Bee^ causing a delay of twelve hours. 
Very respectfuUyi 

B. H. MgCalla, 
OommandeTj XT, 8. N,j Commandifig. 

The CoMMANDBB IN Chisp North Atlantic Station. 



[XBCUffaBaai wltk mutmj off CicnAiegoa, April 89, U88, Aod damafing of Spanish funboat OtMda.) 



U. S. S. Eaglb, 
Off CienfuegoSj Cuba, April 29 j 1898. 

SiB: At 12^ p. m. of this date 1 received orders from Commander 
McCalla, the commanding officer of the division to which this vessel is 
now attached, to proceed off the mouth of the entrance to the harbor 
of Cienfuegos, Cuba, and attempt to discover the character of the 
vessels within, should they come out. 

This order was obeyed at once, and at 12.50 this yessel reached the 
mouth of the entrance, her lookouts then discovering two torpedo 
boats and what appeared to be a torpedo gunboat lying within the 
harbor. 

Within a very short time of her appearance the enemy's vessels 
opened fire, two of them starting for the entrance. The first shot, 
evidently a sighting shot, struck the water in line and about 100 yards 
short. Immediately after, a second shot struck a little short and a 
little ahead of us. This was instantly answered from our port forward 
6-pouDder H. R. F. 

Slowly backing the vessel, with her broadside to the enemy, in order 
both to change her bearing and to bring as many guns as possible to 
bear, the firing became rapid for a few minutes and apparently effect- 
iye, as the enemy turned and retired. Appearances indicated that one 
of the enemy's vessels had been struck. 



186 . BUREAU OP Navigation. 

Within ten minutes the torpedo gnnboat appeared as though comin^^ 
out, and, with a shore battery, opened fire upon this vessel. This fire 
was promptly returned. Within a minute or two the Marbleheadj which 
in the interval had been comin ji^ toward ns at fall speed, ox)ened fire with 
her 5-inch R. F. B. L. rifles, and succeeded in silencing both battery and 
gunboat. 

Two of the enemy's shot passed close over this vessel, another close 
astern, and another within a few feet of the bowsprit. 

There were no casualties. 

Fifty-nine 6-pounder armor piercing shells were expended. 
Very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHEBLAND, 

Ideutenantj U. 8. N,j Commanding, 
The Commander in Chief North Atlantic Squadron. 
Bespectfully forwarded. 

B. H. MgCalla, Commander. 



U. S. S. Eagle, 
Port Ouantanamo^ Cuba, June 23, 1898, 

Sir: Heferrin^ to my communication of April 20, 1898, reporting an 
<>ngageuient with enemy's vessels in the harbor of Cienfuegos, in which 
it was stated ^'appearances indicated that one of the enemy's vessels 
had been struck," I have to report that on the afternoon of May 10 the 
English steamer Adula came out of Cienfuegos, bound to Kingston, 
Jamaica, with refugees, and that her passengers informed the boarding 
officer from, and the pilot of, the Marblehead (Lieutenant Anderson and 
Pilot Laborde), that the vessel referred to was the torpedo gunboat 
Oaliciay and that a Gponnder projectile firom the Eagle had struck her 
and passed through her boiler. 

At that date— May 10 — the Oalicia^e injured boiler was still under 
repair. 

Very respectfully, W. H. H. Southerland, 

Lieutenant, U, 8. N., Commanding. 

The Seoretary of the Navy, 

Navy Department, Washington, D, 0. 

[First indorMment.) 

IT. S. S. Marblehead, June 24, 1898. 
Approved and forwarded. 

A second shell from the Eagle was reported to have passed through 
the funnel of tJie Oalida, 

B. H. MoOALLAy Commander. 



111660. 

[Eeporti oatting of cables off Cienfuegos.] 

No. 26.] IT. S. S. Marblehead, 3d Hate, 

Off Cienfuegos, Cuba, May 11, 1898, 

Sir: Having found out the location of the cables leading from the 
south and west into the cable house, near the light-house at the entrance 
to OienftfeBgoe Harbor, I prepared to cut them. 




LoTvLand 



fit.dnb 







BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 187 

The arrival of the collier Saturn^ with the Windomj and the departure 
of the steamer Adula with refagees from Cienfaegos yesterday placed 
me in a position where I coald make the attempt to cut the cable, sev- 
ering commonication with Havana. 

For this purpose Lieutenant Sonthecland was directed to leave the 
station off Oienftiegos with the Eagle sometime last night and steam 
to the westward, where the cable is laid in shallow water near the light- 
ship off Diego Perez Bey. 

He was directed to cut the cable, bum the light-ship mentioned above, 
and to destroy the light-house off Piedras Bey. 

Lieut. 0. McB. Winslow was placed in command of the steam launches 
and sailing launches from the Nashville and Marblehead^ with Lieut. 
£• A. Anderson second in command. The four boats were to be used 
to drag for and to cut the cables off Oienfuegos under the protection 
of the guns of the KashviUe and Marblehead. 

The details were carefully explained to Commander Maynard and 
Lieutenant Winslow and the attempt was made this morning. 

An infantry and cavalry force posted about the cable house was 
driven from their position by the guns of the Nashville and Marblehead^ 
and the four launches then dragged for and succeeded in cutting the 
cables leading to the south and to the west. The cable house was 
destroyed by the guns. 

Two cables were cut and a small one was found inshore, but before 
this could be cut the fire from the infantry with, evidently, a Maxim 
gun, was so severe as to compel the boats to withdraw, as they were 
within 150 yards of the enemy. 

The enemy was so sheltered toward the last by the gullies and ravines 
that the fire from the ships could not keep down their fire entirely. 

The enemy, having concealed themselves in the light-house and 
oi>ened fire on the boats, the light-house was destroyed. 

I regret very much to annouuce that the following officers and men 
were wounded : 

Patrick Began, private marine, fatally, and has since died. 

Herman W. Kuchneister, private marine, shot through jaw, probably 
£fttally. 

Harry Henrickson, seaman, shot through liver, probably fatally. 

Ernest Suntzenich, apprentice, first class, firacture of right leg. 

John J. Doran, boatswain's mate, second dass, gunshot wound, right 
buttock. 

Bobert Yobs, seaman, Nashville^ severely wounded. 

John Davis, gunner's mate, third class, wound, right leg. 

William Levery, apprentice, first dass, wounded left leg, very slight. 

Lieutenant Winslow, slight wound of hand. 

I can not speak in too high terms of the officers and men engaged in 
the four boats in cutting the cables. Their work was i>erformed with 
the utmost coolness and intrepidity under most trying circumstances, 
and I shall later have the honor to call esi>ecial attention to their 
conduct. 

I have directed the captain of the WinA(»m to return at the earliest 
practical moment. 

Very respectfully, 

B. H. MgGalla, 
Commander^ U. 8. JkT., Commandingj and Senior Officer PresewL 

The Srcretary of the Navt, 

Nav^ Department^ Washingtany D. 0. 



188 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



No. 29.] XT. S. S. Marblehead, 3d Bate, 

Off CienfuegoSy Cuba^ May 16y 1898. 

Sm : Referring to my No. 26, of May 11, 1898, 1 inadvertently omitted 
to mention that Ensign Magrnd^r had charge of the two steam lannches, 
and I beg to add that he is entitled to share the praise given to the 
party for bravery, gallantry, and intrepidity. 
Very respectfully, 

B. H. MoCalla, 
Commander^ U. 8, N,j Oommandingj and Senior Officer Present, 
The Sbgbetaby of the Navy, 

Navy JDepartment, Washingtanj 2>. (7. 



114013. 

[B«port of eattlng of eablM off Clenfteefot.] 
No. 79.] n. S. S. fiiABBLBHEAD, 3d BATE, 

Off Cien/uegoe, Ouba, May 16y 1898. 

Sib: Referring to my No. 26 of the 11th instant, addressed to the 
Secretary of the Navy, I now have the honor to transmit the detailed 
reports of the cntting of two cables off Golorados Point on May 11. 

The list of reports is as follows: 

Beport of Lieutenant Nickels. 

Bepurt of Lient. £. A. Anderson. 

Beport of ordnance officer on the battery. 

Beport of Pay Clerk Boberts. 

Beport of Commander Ma^nard, NashvilU. 

Beport of Lieutenant Dillingham, ^a«Ari{20. 

Beport of Lieutenant Winslow, Ktuhrille, 

Beport of Assistant Sorgeon Pleadwell, NathvilU, 

I also forward, marked A, a copy of the written instmctions issued 
to Oommander Maynard with the object in view. 

Lientenant Winslow in his report refers to additional verbal instmc. 
tions which I gave to him personally from the deck of the Marblehead- 

Beferring to the chart which accompanies Lieutenant Winslow's 
report, I beg to state that the position of the ships on that drawing can 
only refer to the position they occupied at one time from his po&t of 
view, and must not be accepted as an accurate representation of the 
positions they occupied during the engagement. The fire from the 
ships was generally crossed at a right or at a large angle. 

Even in shallow water the great weight of the cables rendered them 
difficult to lift with the launches, while their great diameters, with indif- 
ferent tools for cutting, necessarily rendered the operation a very long 
one, and I need scarcely point out the desirability of having a vessel 
expressly fitted to drag for and to cut cables. 

I beg to call the attention of the commander in chief to the men 
who have been specified by Lieutenants Winslow and Anderson as 
having done extraordinarily well under fire, and respectfully suggest 
that they may be reported to the Department as especially worthy of 
reward, should the suggestion meet with the approval of the oom- 
mander in chief. 

Very respectfully, 

B. H. MoCalla, 
Oommander^ U. S. iV"., Commanding^ and Senior Officer Present. 

The COMMANDEB IN CHIEF KOBTH ATLANTIC STATION. 



BUBBAU OF HAYIOITIOM. 189 

114013 

(Bepori of eattiaf of oobloo off donft i foo.] 

n. B. 8. Marblehbad^ 3d Batb, 
Off OienfuegoMj Cubaj May lOj 1898. 

Sir: Be pleased to be ready to send in the steam laanch and work 
ing launch at 6 oVlock to-morrow morning, to eoo|>erate with the steaim 
launch and working launch of the Marblehead in an attempt to cut the 
two or more cables leading to the east of the light- house to Golorados 
Point 

The four boats will all be armed, the steam launches of each carry- 
ing 1 pounder guns in addition. The steam launches are to cover the 
men in the working launches. 

The command of the expedition will be under Lieutenant Winslow, 
of the NaMhttilUj who is charged with the execution of the details of the 
expedition* 

Lieutenant Anderson, of the Marblekead^ wiU be in command of the 
boats from the Marblehead. 

An effort will be made after cutting the cables to drag them into 
deep water, cutting off as much as possible of the end. At the end, 
before casting off the cable ends, puncture the insulation at points 20 
or 30 feet frt>m the end with awls or sharp-pointed instruments, so as 
to destroy the insulation* 

The Naihville will take post off the light-house i>oint so as to open 
fire on the cable (white house, east of the light-house) house and the 
bushes in the vicinity. Fire also on the solcUers' hut to the eastward 
of the light house. 

It is not intended to restrict your guns to these points; use them on 
any forts or l>oats in the harlx^ should our operations be interfered 
with. 

The Marblehead will take post between the two points of the river 
entrance, with the broadside facing the entrance. 
Very respectfully, 

B. H. MoGalla, 
OommandeTj U. 8. N.j Commanding, 

Commander Mavnabd, 

Commanding Naihville. 



ii40ia 

(Boport of boBbordiDODt off ClentuefM to protect work of eatthig cobloo.] 

U. S. S. Mabblxhead, 3d Batb, 
Off Oien/uegoM, Ouba^ May 15 j 1898. 

BlB: I have the honor to report as follows in regard to the bombard- 
ment off Ooloradus Point, near entrance to Cienftiegos Harbor, on the 
11th instant: 

The battery and ammunition worked well, with the following excep- 
tions: On B gun. No. 71 mark 4, mount, 70 mark 5, mounted on poop, 
bracket for tndning arm and elevating worm was bent out of shaiie, 
but not interfering with firing of gun, although making it much more 
diiBealt to train. Thin was caused by the throwing down of the breech 
of the gun on the recoil. 

Firing pin of No. gun, Driggs-Schroeder G pounder, was broken, 
and had to be replaced. 



190 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

At A gan, one 5-inch shrapnel and one 5-inch shell jammed in load- 
ing. No. 1 5-inch ^an, port, missed fire. No. 4 5-inch gun, port, one 
missfire. No. 4 5-inch gun, starboard, two missed fire. These were all 
thrown overboard, with the exception of shrapnel and shell of A gan. 

At No. 1 gnn, starboard, and No. 2 gun, starboard, electric-firing bat- 
teries failed to work, connections between cells having worked loose, 
and spare batteries were pat in ase. At B gun one 5inch shell missed 
fire on account of having percussion primer, and one missed fire which 
was discharged on second trial. 

Stocks of two 6-millimeter Lee rifles were broken; two revolvers 
were lost overboard from sailing launch. 

Damage done by B gun. — ^Two stanchions in captain's office on star- 
board side and two in staterooms on port side bent badly; the pitch 
and plugging knocked out of poop deck; skylight frame abaft the 
gun blown to pieces and overboard, and after companionway badly 
damaged; the bulkheads and doors of officers' staterooms knocked 
down and broken; moldings and capping of electric light wires in 
officers' quarters were knocked off and shattered in places; stationary 
washstand in captain's bathroom broken, and one leg under bath tub 
broken. ^ 

l^he damage was caused by the gun being fired directly aft and 
slightly on starboard quarter. 
Very respectfully, 

John A. H. Niokels, 
Lieutenant' Commander y U. 8. S.^ Executive Officer. 

The GOMMANDEB. 



114013.] 

[Beport of outthig of cablM oft Cienfaegos.] 

U. S. S. Mabblehead, 
Off Cien/uegos, Cuba^ May 12^ 1898. 

Sib : I have to submit the following report of the work of the launches 
of this vessel while cutting the telegraph cables off the eastern side of 
Oolorados Point, at the entrance to Cienfuegos Harbor, Ouba, May 
11, 1898: 

Having been placed in charge of the steam and sailing launches of 
this vessel, under the command of Lieut. Cameron MoR. Winslo w, IJ. S. N., 
who was also in charge of the steam and sailing launches of the Naahvillej 
I reported to that officer about 6.30 a. m. on the 11th instant, and was 
directed by him to keep off his starboard hand while going in. 

In the steam launch, in addition to the regular crew of five men, 
there was a crew of three men in charge of a 1-pounder Hotchkiss gun 
mounted on the forecastle; also six men of the marine guard, armed 
with rifles and selected for their proficiency in marksmanship. This 
boat was intended to cover the sailing launch while at work. 

In the sailing launch, which was used to pick up and cut the cable, 
in addition to crew of twelve men and coxswain, were the chief car- 
penter's mate and blacksmith. These men were armed with rifles and 
revolvers. I took immediate charge of this boat. 

After the beach had been shelled by the Marblehead and Nashville 
and the cable house and barracks destroyed, the boats approached the 
shore in tow of the steam launches. When opposite the cable house 
the sailing launches were cast off, and the steam launches, in charge of 
Ensign Magruder, took position about 150 to 200 yards from the beach 
and kept up a fire directed on the supposed position of the enemy. 



BtniBAU OP NAYIQATION. 191 

A 6-meh annored cable was quickly picked ap by the laanch from 
this vessel, and, assisted by the XaskvilU^9 laanchi was under ran oat 
to 12} fathoms of water, and there a section the length of the boat was 
cat oat the cable. This cable led in aboat an east- southeast direction 
from the cable hoase. Ranges were taken and sketches made to recover 
the end of the cable if desued. 

A second 6-inch armored cable was fonnd by the NaaktilUfs laonch| 
leading in a soatherly direction from the cable house. This cable was 
also picked up by onr laanch about 30 yards from the beach, and, after 
having been cut by as, was again cut by the NaskviHtfs launch in about 
5^ fiithoms, and the section of about 100 feet coiled down in our launch. 

While the work of cutting the second cable was going on the enemy 
opened a slow fire on us, which was returned by such men in the launch 
as were not actually engaged in cutting the cable. This fire, assisted 
by the steam launches, silenced the fire of the enemy for a time. 

A small cable was seen leading i>aral]el and close to the second large 
cable. An effort was made while cutting the large cable to pick up the 
small one, but the grapnel fouled the bottom and was lost. 

In searching for the small cable, after cutting the second large one, 
either a third large cable or a section of the second cable nearer the 
cable house was found. This cable had been lifted witiiin a foot of the 
rail of the stem of the launch, when the enemy, who bad taken a posi- 
tion within about 150 yards of the water, opened on the boats with volley 
firing. One man in the launch was badly wounded at the first volley, 
and having been ordered by Lieutenant Winslow to cast off, the cable 
was slipped and the launch started to return. 

The enemy, who were evidently in force, fired very rapidly at the 
boats with rifles, machine guns, and, from some shells that fell near the 
launch, I should judge witii 1-pounder guns. 

The coxswain having been wounded just as the launch got started, I 
steered the boat off and directed the crew to keep down between the 
thwarts as much as i>o8sible. In spite of this precaution three more 
men were wounded, the bullets penetrating the sides of the boat. 
Owing to the bullet holes in the launch she was making water freely 
whUe going off, requiring constant bailing. 

A heavy ground swell made the work of lifting the cable difficult, 
and toward the end a fresh onshore breeze sprang up, causing the 
launch to ship some water after the weight of the cable came on iC and 
made the work of rowing off very slow. 

The conduct of the men was worthy of all praise. They worked 
intelligently and cheerfhlly at the exhausting labor of picking up and 
cutting the heavy cables, and, when under a heavy fire and one of the 
crew badly wounded, continued to work, without confusion, until 
ordered to stop. Where every one did their whole duty it is difficult to 
specify particular instances, but I think the following worthy of men- 
tion: J. J. Doran (boatswain's mate, second class), after having received 
a very painftd wound, encouraged the rest of the crew and the wounded 
by his cheerftil manner and ^k. J. H. Bennett (boatswain's mate, 
first class) and A. Bundquist (chief carpenter's mate) particularly dis- 
tinguished themselves by the intelligence and great energy they dis- 
played in the work. In the steam launch F. Gill (gunner's mate, first 
class) and L. Ghadwick (apprentice, first class) remained exposed on 
the forecastle of the launch under a very heavy fire, and served the 
1-pounder gun until ordered by me to cease firing. 

I regret to inform you that the following-named men were wounded : 

Jii M« steam launch. — Patrick Began (private marine), shot through 



192 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

head; fatally woaoded. H. W. Kucbneister (private marine), shot 
through neck and jaw ; probably fatally wounded. 

In sailing launch. — H. Heurickson (seaman), shot thrmigh liver; prob- 
ably fatally wounded. Ernest Suntzewick (apprentice, first class), 
fracture of right leg above knee. John Davis (gunner's mate, third 
class), wound of right leg. John J. Doran (boatswain's mate, sec- 
ond class), wound of right buttock. William Severy (apprentice, first 
class), small wound of right ankle. 

The following-named men formed the crews of the launches engaged 
in the work : 

Sailing launch. — J. H. Bennett (chief boatswain's mate), J. B. Wilke 
(boatswain's mate, first class), John J. Doran (boatswain's mate, second 
class), A. Sundquist (chief carpenter's mate), J. £. Garter (boatswain), 
W. Oakley (gunner's mate, second class), J. Davis (gunner's mate, third 
class), F. Williams, W. Severy (apprentices, first class), E. Suntzewick 
(apprentice, first class), H. Henrickson (seaman), H. L. Foss (seaman), 
A. Vadas (seaman). 

Steam launch, — N. Erickson fcoxswain), F. Oill (gunner's mate, first 
class), W. Hart (machinist^, J.Maxwell (fireman, second class), F. Kra- 
mer (seaman), L. Chadwick (apprentice, first class), W. H. Bussell 
(landsman), J. Meridith (private), H.W. Kuchneister (private), P. Began 
(private), W. S. West (private), E. Sullivan (private), D. Campbell 
(private). 

Bespectfully submitted. 

E. A. Andbbson, 

The COMMANDEB, lAeutenantj U. S. N. 

U. S. S* MarbJehead. 



114013. 

[Report of cutting of cables and bombardment off Cienfuegoe.] 

XT. S. S. Mabblehbad, 
Off Cienfuegosj Cuba, May 11^ 1898. 

SiB: The following is a report of bombardment of Colorados Point 
May 11, 1898, recorded by me: 

Called to quarters at 6.45. 

Nashville signaled ''Ready" at 6.46. 

Our answer, " Execute orders." 

We signaled Nashville go within 6 cables of light-house. Time, 6.58. 

First shot fired was from A gun at cable house at 7.07. At 7.10 
opened fire from No. 1 port gun and 7-inch No. 2 port gun. At 7.14 
cable house was demolished. At 7.20 general firing from port guns on 
tlie woods beyond and to the left of cable house. At 7.40 firing-pin 
broke on No. — port 6i>ouuder gun. Was fixed and ready to fire at 
8.12. At 8.24 manned starboard battery and commenced with the 
6pounder guns. 

8.20 signaled to Nashville^ '' Keep up slow firing on the woods." 

8.40 signaled Nashville not to hit light house. 

Oommenced firing our 1-pounder guns at 8.42. 

9 o'clock signaled Nashville^ '^ Can you haul end of cable out to deep 
watert" (Failed to get answer.) 

9.25 opened fire with starboard 5-inch guns. Steam and sailing 
launches under hot fire. 

9.30 signaled Nashville^ <^Oo in closer." 

9.32 signaled Nashville^ "Where are they firing fromt" Answer, 
'^ Enemy firing on slope in line with light house." 



BUKRAU OF KAVIOATION. 193 

9.55 steam and sailing launches ander hot fire and retreating. 

10.13 our boats came alongside. 10.13 NomKvUU signaled, ^^ We are 
getting out of small-arm fire. Captain is hart" We signaJed, ^^ Did 
yoQ cat cablet" Answer, ^^ Yes." We answered, ^^Congratulations." 

10.13 yashrWe ceased firing. 

10.25 signaled to Nashville^ ^* How many hurtt" Answer, <^ Captain, 
two men in launch, and two on ships." 

10.28 secure. 10.28 B gun so hot ceased firing it. 

10.30 signaled Xashville^ '^Were the wounded serioasly injured t" 
Answer. ^' One badly. Going to the WindomJ* 

11 o^clock Windom came up and signaled, ^^Can I engaget" Answer, 
** Yes; open fire on lighthouse, 1,300 yards." At 11.14 signaled from 
Windonij '^Are engaged." Answer, ^^Open fire on light-house tower, 
1,350 yards." 

113) signaled Windom^ <' Cease firing." Signaled Windom j ''Well 
done." 

Respectfully, Ed H. Roberts, 

Pay Olerh and Acting Recorder. 

The Commanding Offioeb, 

U. 8. S. Marblehead. 



114013. 

[B«port of cutting of cables off Ciaofhafos.] 

n. S. S. Nashtills, 3d Ratb, 
Blockade off Cien/uegoSj Cuba^ May 11^ 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report on the part 
taken by this vessel in the operations of today, connected with the 
cutting of the cables at Colorados Point, at eastern entrance to the 
port of Cienfuegos, Cuba: 

At G.iO a. m. the steam and sailing launches of the Marblehead and 
yashrilU^ armed and prepared for grappling and cutting cables, under 
command of Lieut. C. McH. Winslow. U. S. N., left their resi)ective 
shipsi and stood in for the reefs off Colorados Point under cover of the 
guns of the Xa^thville, The latter, after bringing the lighthouse to 
bear northwest (magnetic), headed in for the x>oint, and, when within 
1,200 yards of the cable house to the eastward of the light-house, at 
7.4.i a. m. o|KMied fire with the starboard battery on that building and 
a number of the enemy's soldiers, who were seen in a small earthwork 
near that house. 

The }farbUkead took position to the westward, at the entrance of the 
port, and opened fire, and in a few minutes the cable house was 
dentroyed and the enemy's troops had disappeared, after firing a few 
niumls from their small arms. The Nashville continued to stand in 
towanl the {Niiut until within from 600 to 800 yards from shore, firing 
continuously into the woods and bushes to the right of the light-house. 
The enemy not returning the fire, the launches proceeded in close to 
the shore and soon grapplecl and raised two cables, which they nnder- 
ran and rut. 

The Xashrille continued to fire rapidly until 8.18 a. m., after which 
time, as there was no resfKinse from the enemy, a slow fire flrom the 
rapid-fire guns wtis maintained. 

Considerable difficulty was ex]>erienced in keeping the ship in posi« 
tUm off the cable-house point, owing to the wind, which was blowing 



194 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

directly on shore, and also to a moderate swell. Aiming was mnch 
interfered with by the smoke of our gans, as it hung between the ship 
and the shore. 

At abont 9.45 a. m. the enemy, evidently much reenforced, suddenly 
ox)ened a scattering rifle fire, which increased to a heavy fire by 10 a. m., 
on oar boats just as they had grappled a third cable. The enemy were 
firing from the ligh^hoase and from cover and blufts to the right of it 
At 10.10 the boats retreated toward their ships, while this vessel 
steamed in between them and the enemy until they were covered by 
this ship, and at the same time opened up a rapid fire on the light- 
house and wherever else the enemy appeared to be. 

In obedience to your signal and previous order, we had been careful 
not to hit the lighthouse, but at this time, when it was seen that the 
enemy were using it as a cover, I directed the fire of our guns against 
it in order to drive them out. 

The boats having been secured alongside of the ship, on the side 
away firom the enemy, we stood out of range, and after discharging 
boats hoisted them at 11 a. m. 

The ship was strack by many rifle bullets, but no damage was done 
except cutting some boat falls and running gear. Several persons on 
board were struck, but not seriously injured. 

In the sailing launch of this vessel Kobert Yolz, seaman, was seri- 
ously wounded, and Lieutenant Winslow was shot through the fingers 
of his left hana. The boats received several ballets through them, but 
were not much injured. 

I can not praise too highly the coolness and good behavior of all on 
board — officers and men. Lieut. A. 0. Dillingham, the executive offi- 
cer, deserves great credit for his coolness and good judgment through- 
out the affair, and especially toward the close of the engagement, 
when, the commanding officer being temporarily disabled by a shock, 
caused by being struck over the heart by a rifle bullet, he handled the 
ship and boats admirably. 

I inclose herewith reports firom the executive, ordnance officer, and 
surgeon. 

The battery operated without difficulty and defects, with the follow- 
ing exceptions: 

(1) The starboard 1-pounder mount started its securing bolts to the 
deck and was temporarily out of action. 

(2) The elevating arm of the after starboard 4-inch-gun mount was 
cracked and slightly bent, but not injured so as to render the gun out 
of action, as 30 rounds were fired, after the bending was noticed, 
without further bending. The casting showed a flaw in the metal at 
the point of bending, evidently a blowhole which had been filled with 
lead. 

Ammunition and firing attachments worked perfectly. 
Very respectfully, 

W. Maynabb, 
OommandeTj U. S. N.^ Oammanding. 

Commander B. H. MoOalla, XJ. 8. K, 

Oommanding U. 8, a. Marblehead^ and 

Fourth Division North Atlantic FleeU 



BT7RKAU OF KATIOATION. 195 

11401& 

[Itoport of eattlBg of oobloo off Clenftiogoo.] 

n. S. S. Nashyillb, 3d Rate, 

OjF 0ien/uego8j Cubay May llj 1898. 

Sir : I have tbe honor to submit the following report of the catting 
of the ocean telegraph cables at the entrance to Cienfhegos Harbor: 

Under your verbal orders, I proceeded about 7 a. m. to-day with the 
steam cutter and sailing launch of this ship and the ateam cutter and 
sailing launch of the U. S. S. Marblehead to execute the duty assigned 
me. After the ships had demolished the cable house and had appar- 
ently dislodged the enemy from the chaparral, hills, and rifle pits, I 
proceeded with the boats under my command directly for the cable 
house, opening fire from the Oolt^s automatic gun in the bow of the 
Nashvitti^s steam cutter and from the 1-pounder cannon in the bow of 
the MarbleheiuPs steam cutter, also from the sharpshooters in both steam 
cutters. We cast the sailing launches off from the steam cutters when 
about 300 yards from the l^ach. I was in the sailing launch of this 
ship; Lieut B. A. Anderson, of the Marblehead^ in the MarbleheaWs 
sailing launch. Ensign T. P. Magruder was left in command of both 
steam cutters, with orders to keep up a fire on the hills and chaparral. 
Tbe fire from these two boats was kept up incessantly while we were 
engaged in the work of cutting the cables. The cable going to the east- 
ward was first grappled, and was under-run by both sailing launches, 
and a section about 124 fathoms in length was cut out of this cable, the 
sea end being cut in about 13 fathoms of water. The section of this 
cable cut out was brought to this ship on the return of the sailing 
launch. After cutting the first cable we proceeded in both sailing 
launches to the south westward of the demolished cable house and 
grappled within 60 feet of the beach for the cable leading westward. 

After about one-half hour's work we succeeded in grappling this cable. 
Great difficulty was experienced in lifting this cable, and we were only 
able to under-run 15 fiftthoms of it. We cut a section out of this cable 
about 15 fathoms long and threw it overboard in deep water, leaving 
the sea end of the cable in from 6 to 10 fathoms of water. While work- 
ing with the second cable, we discovered a third cable, much smaller 
than the other two, parallel to the cable leading to the westward. After 
cutting the second cable we proceeded to grapple this third cable. 

Up to this time the enemy had from time to time opened fire upon us, 
but we were able to silence his fire by the fire from our steam cutters 
and the continuous heavy fire maintained by the Marblehead and the 
NaskviUe. While grappliuii: the third cable, the enemy apparently 
greatly increased its force and opened a deadly fire on our boats. 
Believing that we had cut the two important cables, and knowing that 
we could not endure the terrific fire of the enemy, I ordered the sailing 
launches to let go the third cable, and ordered the steam cutters to take 
the sailing launches in tow. We manned the oars of the saUing 
launches to keep the boats clear of the breakers until the steam cut- 
ters could take them in tow. 

At the same time we opened fire from the men in the sailing launches 
not at the oars, the steam cutters keeping up their fire. We continued 
firing while in retreat, under a very heavy fire from the enemy, our men 
displaying great coolness. Shortly after my launch was taken in tow, 
while I was reaching for a fresh rifle, I was struck by an enemy's ball 
in my left hand, but was not crippled, and I was able to continue in 
oommand. We steamed as rapidly as possible against a head sea for 



196 BUREAU OP NAVIQATIOH. 

the Marblehead and the Ndshville^ keeping np onr fire as we retreated. 
One man in my boat, Robert Yolz, seaman, was shot in the head and 
badly injured. The MarbteheorcPs boats, though farther from the beach 
than the NashvilWs^ suffered more loss. At the present time I do not 
know the extent of their loss. 

No one in the NashvillePs steam cutter was injured. 

The work, owing to the heavy armored cables used, If inches in 
diameter, and the heavy swell rolling in, was extremely difficult. The 
water being clear we were able to see the cables at a great depth. Had 
it not been possible to have seen the cables, it would have been 
extremely difficult, if not impossible, to have grappled them, as the 
uneven formation of the coral bottom continually caught our grapples. 

The boats were splendidly supported by the heavy fire of the Marble- 
head and the Nashville. Toward the end of the action the Nashville 
took a position to the eastward and close in on the reefs, and admirably 
covered our retreat, crossing her fire with that of the Marblehead^ and 
passing quickly between our boats and the enemy. Owing to the fact 
that the enemy had excellent cover in the hills and chaparral, and to the 
fact that they used smokeless powder, it was impossible to accurately 
locate them. At the last part of the engagement, just at the comple- 
tion of our work, judging from the very hot fire, the enemy must have 
been in large force. 

I have to state that I was ably supported by Ensign T. P. Magruder, 
in command of the steam cutters, who displayed great coolness, brav- 
ery, and promptness in carrying out my orders, and In protecting his 
men. Lieut. E. A. Anderson commanded the sailing launch of the 
Marbleheady and did his work with coolness, bravery, and intelligence, 
continuing the work, regardless of the hot fire to which he was exposed, 
until ordered by me to desist. 

The following is a list of the men in the Nashville's boats: E. EIrause, 
coxswain; T.Hoban, coxswain; A. J.Durney, blacksmith; L.Nelson, sail- 
maker's mate; G. H. Neubert, seaman; B. Yolz, seaman; H. H. Miller, 
seaman; J. J. Johansson, ordinary seaman; B. F. Baker, coxswain; A. 
Beyer, coxswain; W. Meyer, carpenter's mate, 3d class; H. Van Etten, 
seaman; J. Eglit, seaman; K. Blume, seaman; W. Miller, seaman; 
D. 1). Barrow, ordinary seaman ; J. P. Rilley, landsman ; G. W. Bright, 
0. P.; P. Gaughan, first sergeant, U. S. M. C; P. Hill, private, U, S. 
M. C; P. Parker, private, U. S. M. C; M. Gibbons, oiler; J. J. Frank- 
lin, private, U. 8. M. 0.; O. W. Field, private, U. S. M. 0.; J. F. Scott, 
private, U. S. M. C; M. Kearney, private, U. S. M. C. 

They all behaved with the utmost coolness and courage. While I 
do not wish to discriminate, I desire to call your attention to the zeal 
displayed and hard work done by E. Krause, coxswain; B. F. Baker, 
coxswain; T. Hoban, coxswain; and B. Blume, seaman. Ensign 
Magruder reports to me that the men and the marines in the Nashvil^s 
steam cutter behaved admirably, without exception. While the men 
in the MarbleheaWs boats were not under my immediate supervision, 
they executed their duty to my entire satisfaction. Lieutenant Ander- 
son, who had them under his direct command, will, doubtless, make 
report to you as to their courage and efficiency. The work of cutting 
cables occupied about three and one-fourth hours. 

In conclusion I have to state that I was ordered particularly to cut 
two cables, one leading west and the other east. This was accom- 
plished. The fire of the Marblehead and Nashville completely demol- 
ished the cable house with all its cou tents. Unless there are other 
cables, all communication by ocean cable with Oienfuegos must con- 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 197 

tinae intermpted antil tbe end of the war. I do not think that the 
appliances are at hand at Oienfuegos to repair tbe damage. 

The loss of life to the enemy most have been very great. The fire 
from our ships was terrific. 

Very respectfnlly, O. McB. Winslow, 

Lieutenant^ U. S. N. 
Commander B. H. McOalla, IT. S. N., 

Commanding Division. 



114013. 

[Bepoxt of catting of cablet off Clenfnegos.] 

U. S. 8. Nashville, 3d Rate, 
Off Cienfuegosy Cuba^ May 12^ 1898. 

Sib: In obedience to article 525, United States Navy Regulations, I 
have the honor to submit the following report of the action participated 
in by this vessel on the 11th instant: 

In obedience to orders from the divisional commander, we had pre- 
pared two boats (steam cutter and sailing launch), armed and equipped, 
for the purpose of cutting the cable wires at this place. These boats 
were under the command of Lieut. 0. McR. Winslow, with Ensign T. P. 
Magruder assisting; their crews were made up of the following men: 
£. Krause, coxswain; A. J. Durney, blacksmith; L. Nelson, S. M. M.; 
C. H. Neubert, seaman; J. J. Johansson, ordinary seaman; B. Yolz, 
seaman; J. P. Billey, landsman; A. Beyer, coxswain; D. D. Barrow, 
ordinary seaman: G. W. Bright, C. P.; J. J. Franklin, private, 
U. S. M. O. ; P. Hill, private. TJ. S. M. 0. ; P. Parker, private, U. S. M. O. ; 
T. Hoban, coxswain; B. F. Baker, coxswain; W. Meyer, carpenter's 
mate, third class; H. Van Etten. seaman; J. Eglit, seaman ; B. Blume, 
seaman; H. H. Miller, seaman; W. MiUer, seaman; M. Gibbons, oiler; 
P. Gaughan, first sergeant, IT. S. M. 0.; O. W. Field, private, 
U. 8. M. C; J. F. Scott, private, 17. S. M. G.; M. Kearney, private, 
U. 8. M. O. 

This vessel took up its position for firing about 800 yards southward 
and eastward of the light-house, and fired its first shot at about 7 a. m. 

While steaming into position I saw very distinctly about two compa- 
nies of Spanish troops in ritle pits just back of our objective point, the 
eable house. These men deployed and took cover as we approached. 

After clearing the locality of fire, the expedition of boats (2 steam 
eutters and 2 sailing launches) went in to their work under cover of the 
guns of this vessel and the Marhlehead, 

The difficult work of our men proceeded until about 10.15 a. m., when 
there arrived reenforcements for the enemy, made evident by the firing, 
which proved to be a very severe infantry fire. These reenforcements 
arrived without being seen and deployed under cover, apparently tak- 
ing excellent positions. 

The boat work had up to this time proceeded well ; we had slackened 
our fire to an occasional shot into the bushes and hills, but with the fire 
of the enemy renewed the Marhlehead and Niuhville began again rapid 
fire. We were theirabout 600 yards from shore and to windward. 

The enemy had smokeless x)Owder and fired from the Mauser rifle, 
caliber .273. Here was shown one great advantage of smokeless 
powder. Although we were under a very severe fire we had no target 
but the country we saw. Close up by this time, to within 500 yards of 
the ahorei not a Spaniard could be seen, with our smoke rolling down 



198 BVHKAXJ OF NAYIQATION. 

to leeward, obscuring the enemy. With the increasing fire oar boats 
had to stop work and seek cover, bnt they did not start till they were 
absolutely obliged to, under a very severe small-arm fire. 

Just about this time Commander Maynard was struck in the region 
of the heart by a spent bullet and was incapacitated for command. It 
was reported to me that the captain was wounded. I at once took tem- 
porary command and ran the vessel close inshore, passing between the 
boats (now retreating) and the enemy, taking their fire. Having the 
boats under cover, steamed out of small-arm range and hoisted boats 
aboard. 

This vessel was obliged to be under severe infantry fire for some 
time, and, with the people so exposed, it is remarkable that so few were 
hit. The vessel received no serious damage; a few falls were cut; the 
boom boats have many bullet holes in them and the indications of 
heavy small-arm fire are to be seen all over the upper deck. 

Of course, the enemy could only fire into our smoke, the i>osition of 
the Nashville surely indicated by her two very high smoke pipes tower- 
ing above all smoke. 

The men on the upper deck not actually engaged in serving the guns 
were ordered under cover, and here was displayed the good use of the 
compressed cotton which we had distributed along the rail. It proved 
efficient for it was often struck. 

I am glad to report excellent fire discipline, and that officers and men 
worked with coolness and intelligence. 

The work performed by the people in the boats was both hazardous 
and difficult, and too much credit can not be given to Lieutenant Wins- 
low for his excellent judgment and consummate coolness, under most 
trying conditions of heavy sea and destructive fire of the enemy. As 
soon as Lieutenant Winslow had seen his wounded cared for, though 
wounded himself, he came to the bridge for duty. 

Lieutenant Winslow has made known to me the excellent duty per- 
formed by Ensign Magruder, as the officer having charge of the steam 
launches. 

I consider that having our upper deck flush to be a great disad- 
vantage. 

This vessel x>erforming her tactical fhnction may be exposed to severe 
small arm firing. There is absolutely no protection for the people on 
the upper deck ; all hands stand out most conspicuous targets for the 
enemy's fire. 

Yery respectfully, A. 0. DiLLiNaHAM, 

Heutenantj U. 8. K.^ Uxeoutive Officer. 

The OoMMANDma Offiobb. 



115267. 

nOettniotlon of Ugbt-hooMt «Bd MAroh for tnbmaiiiie qaUm.] 

17. S. S. Eaolb, 

At Sea, May 12^ 1898. 

Sm: I have the honor to report that the Eagle reached the light-ship 
ofif Diego Perez Island at 7 a. m. of the 11th instant and at once com- 
menced a search for the submarine cable connecting Batabano with 
Oienfaegos. 

A boat was sent to the light-ship and the keeper's services secured to 
aid in the searchi 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 199 

Six lines were carefully ruu at varying depths between the lightship 
and the point of the shoal to the eastward, now marked by a wreck, the 
bottom being visible most of the time. This vessel and two of her 
boats performed this duty, bat without a satisfactory result The 
strong wind and rough sea, the pQot's assurance that no good holding 
ground could be found for an anchorage, the evident fact that the 
chart was extremely unreliable, and the positive statement of the light- 
ship keeper that no one had overhauled the cable in that vicinity for 
over three years determined me to abandon the search at 4 p. m. as 
fruitless, it being more than probable that the cable was buried deep 
in the sand of the reefs. 

In accordance with your order, the light-ship was then set on fire and 
was burning fiercely when this vessel left. Her keeper expressing a 
desire to go to Cienfuegos, took him on board this vessel with his per- 
sonal effects and his own small boat, and will drop him ofif Gienfaegos 
when yon so direct. 

This action on my part was principally due to the fact that the sea 
was too rough for him to get ashore unaided. He states that he is a 
Cuban and has not received his salary from the Government for the 
last seven months. 

We reached Piedras Oay at sunset. Sent an armed crew on shore 
and destroyed the lighting apparatus and what pertained thereto. 
Two men were in charge of the light and with them a small boy. These 
we found in a starving condition, in consequence of which it became 
necessary to bring them on board for removal from the island. They 
had been eight months without pay, three weeks without any commu- 
nication with the outside, and five days without food. 
Very respectfullyi 

W. H. H. SOUTHEBLAin), 

lAeiiienantj U. 8. JT., Commanding. 

Oommander fi. H. MoOalla, U. S. N., 

Oomnuinding Division. 



111674. 

[Bapat of HMD wounded tn «ngegWB«iit off Cieaftiegos, OnVft.) 

17. S. S. Mabblehbad, 
Off Cienfuegos, Cuba, May 11 j 1898. 

SiB: According to article 653, U. S. Navy Regulations, I have to 
report the following men wounded in an engagement which took place 
ofi* this place while trying to cut a cable : Patrick Reagan, private 
marine, shot through head; Herman W. Kuchneister, private marine, 
shot through jaw; Harry Henrickson, seaman, shot through liver; 
Ernest Suntzenich, apprentice, first class, fracture right leg; John J. 
Doran, boatswain's mate, second class, gunshot wound right buttock; 
John Davis, gunner's mate, third class, gunshot wound right leg; 
William Levery, apprentice, first class, smsJl gunshot wound left leg; 
two of whom will probably die, viz, Reagan and Kuchneister. 
Respectfully, 

Ain>BBW R. Wentwobth,* 

Passed Assistant Surgeon^ U. S. N. 
The OOMHAKDINO Offiobb. 

Approved and forwarded. 

B. H. McOalla, 

Commander. 

* Baport received without signatare; name InBerted at DepartmeDt. 



200 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

TJ. S. 8. Machtas, 
Off Cardenas^ Cuba, May 11^ 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to report the arrival of the Wilmington oft 
this place and the receipt of your order to proceed oif Matanzas this 
morning. 

Having for some time conceived a plan to attack and cut ont the three 
small ganboats inside, but not having suitable ships, the arrival of the 
Wilmington and Winslow this morning induced me to confer with Com- 
mander Todd, of the Wilmington^ on the subject. He was anxious to 
participate. 

The Ma^hia^^ Wilmington^ Hudson^ and Winslow proceeded in as far 
as the obstructions would allow. The Ma^hias took up position about 
2,100 yards northeast of Diana Cay. The Wilmington^ with the Hudson 
and Winsloto^ proceeded to enter the inner harbor between Eomero and 
Blanco cays, where I felt quite certain there were no mines, the depth 
of water by chart being If fathoms. The three vessels found no trouble 
in entering and were soon steaming into Cardenas Bay. I opened fire 
on Diana Cay signal station and sent the launch with Ensign Willard 
in charge to take possession of the station and find the wires and 
explode the mines, if possible, or cut them. No wires were found, 
however, although strict search was made for them on the island and 
by dredging around it. 

Mr. Willard accomplished the work in a very excellent manner, 
destroying the station and all government property, which had been 
abandoned in a very hurried manner; and as a signal of his success 
hoisted the American flag on the signal station, and brought on board 
the Spanish flag, together with the station's signal apparatus. 

At 1.40 p. m. fire opened twm the Wilmington and Hudson and Win- 
slow, and was continued until 3 p. m., when the three vessels com- 
menced the return to the outer anchorage. 

Inclosed please find the report of Commander Todd, of the Wilming- 
ton, and Lieutenant iJernadou, of the Winslow. 

I regret very much that serious casualties occurred. I send the 
Hudson to Key West to-night with the dead and wounded, and as soon 
as I can repair the Winslow and get her in a seaworthy condition I will 
send her to Key West, either under her own steam or in tow of the 
Wilmington or tow her with this ship. 

I am unable to forward the report of the commanding officer of the 
Hudson, who will submit it in person. 

very respectfully, J. P. Mebby, 

Commander, XT. S. N., Commanding, 

Senior Officer Present 

The Commander in Chief IT. S. ITaval Foboe, 

North Atlantic Station. 



U. 8. 8. WiLMiNOTOW, 8d Rats, 
Off Cardentu, Cuba, May 11, 1898, 

8ir: Upon arrlTal off this port this morning to relieve the Machia$f three Spanish 
ganboats were observed inside of what were beUeved to be mines. Soon after the 
arrival of the Wilmington the torpedo boat WinBUtw, Lieut. J. B. Bemadon command- 
ingy appeared, the revenne-cntter Hudson being already at the station. 

A careful study of the chart showed that the Wilmington could get inside the bay 
through another channel. With the approval of the senior officer, this vessel, the 
torpedo boat WimloWt and the Hudson proceeded inside the bay, in off the city of 
Cardenas, to capture these boats if possible. It was not possible for the WilmingUm 
to i^iproach the wharves nearer than 2,000 yards or more, on aooonnt of tha depth of 



BUBEAU OF KATIQATION. 201 

Oia wftter, tbe jiflot beinc on board. Tbo Kinbottt* cnntd not be mnde oat fVoin tlltl 
■hip. knd the H iii»'oir wnndirecteil to |[o closer in, toa»e if iiiie could detemiine « hera 
they were Ijlng. She b»d proceeded probkbl; 700 or 800 jHrrts inBlde of the Wil- 
Hmf tot wheo ft gnn wm fired from oo Bhore, appftrentlj from the bow of > gunboat 
moored. The fire «b« at onoe retamed from thts ahtp Hnd the WiKtIoir, the Budum 
not yet being within range, A rapid tire waa kept up on thin and other gnna, the 
location of which could not be detemiined, whettier they were on board reaaeli or 
not; but It la believed there was a battery behind tome of the ihipping lying along 
the water front. 

ARer a rapid ezchanee of ihota for abont fifteen or twenty nuinutaa it was evident 
that the Wtmlor could not steer. In tbe meantime the Hadton had come ap and 
opened fire, and tbe ll'fdilcnii aaked to be towed out, asheriteerfng [gear] had been dia- 
Rbled. Tbe fire from thia veaael waa oontlnued until the Winitoic waa nut of tbe range 
of tbe ihore giiaa. The torpedo biiat Beems to have been the main target at which the 
enemy fired, for ahe waa itrnck Rcveral timea, one engine diaabled, Htcering gear 
ahnt away, and one boiler diaabled. Her commanding officer, Lieutennnt Bemadoa, 
waa wounded, but not Berloiii>1y, Ensign Worlh Baglev won fntallr wounded, and 
died before be could be brought on board the fTilniii^lDH. Two enlioted men. John 
Varreres, oiler, and .lohn l>eneere, fireman, firat claai', wen killed on board the IFiiM- 
tw; two olbiT men were fatally wonnded, one ol them, J. V. Me«h, fireman, firat 
cla«a, died in a boat while beini; traiiaferred to this ship; the other, Joeiah Tunel), 
•bip's cook, firat cIhu, died on board this ahip after having been brought on board. 
One other man of the Wintloie, Vi. J. Patteraon, fireman, titat claaa, ia now on board 
thia ahip aerioiialy but not faUlly wounded. 

Thia ablp waa struck only twice so far aa ean be determined at thia time, altbongh 
many fragment* and small projectilee Hew over the deck; there were, however, no 
caanaltiee on board thia sbii> or on board the Hadton. 

With your approval, I will aend tbeae men and bodiea to Key West on the HniMm 
to-nigbt. and wilt takeatepa to repair and take oharge of the torpedo boat Wintlem 
and aend her to Key Wcat aa aoon aa possible. 

>fa eatimate of the damage on shore can be made, but a large flrv woe observed, 
■uidonbtMlly having been cansed from the sheila Bred Itom thia veaael. The city 
itaalf waa not fired at, bnt the veasels and battery on the wbarf. Aa aoon aa the 
wounded were transferred to this veaael I proceeded to the onter anchorage. 

The handling of the IFtatlou in this hot fire waa highly merltoriona. 

The commanding offloer of the Wintlom, tbroncb me, desire* to commend to the 
Department tbe general oondnot of the eiew of tbe IFiMtow, and especially that of 
Chief aaoner'* Hate Brady. 

Vary napeetfoUy, C. C. Todd, 

CmaaMfldtr, V. S. N., CoMMaMUttf. 

Tbe CoMXANDUio Ofhckb U. 8. S. MAcmAe, 

flaator QJtew f rta awt. 



Ko. B3.1 U. S. B. WtLwmoTOK, 3d Batv, 

OffCtrJtnat. Cut*, May II, ISS8. 

SiK: I have thehonor tomake the followingreportconcemingthe U.8.8. Fllaalav 
and tbe part she took in the action off Cardenas tbe Ilth inatant: 

At 5 a. m. of the llth imitant I led my station on the blockade off Uatanzas, my 
■apply of eoal being practically exhansted, after seven days cruising, and proceeded 
to Caidenaa, where T nad been promiaed an additional aiippty of coal by tbe com- 
manding oOleer of tbe U-S. 8. Soeitlu. On arriving at that point I waa infonned 
by Captain Herry to make my application to the commanding officer of tbe U. 8. S. 
IFifKia^loa, aa the Jfsdkioa waa abont to proceed to her station on tbe blockade off 
Hatanzaa. Captain Merry added that in the erent of my not obtaining the ooa] lie 
would fnmiah the aame. 

Upon Tiaiting the iMlmimgton I waa re(]ne«t«d by Captain To^ ! i" take on bonrd 
a Cnban pilot, already upon that vessel, to follow ont and eipl r.. t,,r t,ir|>Kdom a 
10-foot channel between Romero and Blanco Keys, to be us«d I ili'' Wiimitia'otiiti 
entering Cardenas Harbor. This work J performed and oomple ■ 1 1>t 12 m.. Iielnc 
assistMltberein by the captain of the U. 8. rev«nae-cntter Hudi > kl tbi* time 7 
accompanied tbe n'i(iiiJH{f(oa through the said channel into Cardc >■>. No •lenui viw- 
aela were aighted in cloae proximity doring entrance. L'pon ap :i' nrhint* tbn lown 
* * * at a diatance of abont 3.IN.I0 .vards. a small steamer paitiii ^uiv was sicbtiM] 
moated alongside a wharf at tbe eastern end of the town. I was '>< ImI by Captain 
Todd to approach tbe res»1 sod examine her character. I thereui' :i r<l<-uiuei] tiiHuril 
tbe mole at fnll speed. On approaching, at a distance of abont I '><! janlii, the ^md- 
boat opened fire with ber bow gnu, and at the same timea largsnii were 

Arad DOBS the same locality, making very little smoke, bnt to the \% 



I 



202 BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 

(these I considered used Bmokoless powder), and a shore battery to the left of the 
gunboat. The tyinitlow at once began firing and maintained fire until the end of the 
action of these ships. She was soon riddled, the steering engine, port main engine, 
and forward boiler wore disabled; one compartment set on nre. Judging from the 
size of the shot holes the enemy were employing guns from 2^ to 3 inch caliber. 
The U'inslow finally became unmanageable and at the end of the fight was towed 
ont of range bv the reyenue-outter Hudson. Casualties were as follows: 

Killed: Ensign Worth Bagley, U. 8. N.; Oiler John Varveres, Firemen (first 
class) J. Deneefe and J* V. Meek, Cabin Cook Josiah Tunell. 

Wounded: William Patterson, seriously, but not fatally. Slightly wounded: 
Daniel McKeown, quartermaster, first class. 

I myself was wounded in the leg by a splinter at the beginning of the action. 

The enemy had placed a number of light wooden buoys in the harbor as range 
marks. 

I desire to call attention to the excellent coolness and steadiness of the whole 
ship's oompany, especially the following men: J. Brady, gunner's mate; Cox, se*- 
mnn; Gunner's Mate (first class) F. C. Cooly; Chief Machinist Hans Johnson; and 
Water Tenders O'Heani and Madden. 

The dead and wounded were kindlv taken care of by the commanding officer and 
officers of the U. S. 8. Wilmington and by Surgeon Cook, of that vessel. 

I desire also to express my thanks to the commanding officer of the U. S. revenue- 
cut tor Hudson, when^ being under a heavy fire, he towed this vessel out of action. As 
both officers of the Wintl^ were disabled, I turned the command of the ship over to 
Captain Todd, of the Wilmintfton. 

In my opinion, the injuries to the Winslaw can soon be repaired, so as to render 
her again an efficient vessel. 
Very respeotfiilly, 

J. B. BRiiNAi>on, 
Lieutonani, U, 8. JV., Commanding U. 8, 8. Winslow, 
Per J. y. Klbmann, Ensign, U, 8, N, 

The Sborstart of the Nayt, 

Navy DeparUnent, h ashingUm, D, C 



CoMVKNT Hospital, Keg IVest, Fla., Mag IS, 1898. 

Bib: I respectfhlly submit the following report of the action oif Cardenas, Cnba| 
as participated in by the U. S. torpedo boat Winslow, to supplement the summiuisea 
statement submitted by me on the 11th instant, the day of the fighl 

The Winslow arrived oif Cardenas from Matanzas at 9 a. m. on the 11th, having left 
her station on the blockade to obtain an additional supply of coal, the amount of 
fuel in her bunkers being reduced to 6 tons. The U. S. o. Maohiae and Wilmington 
were found at Piedras Cay. Upon making application to Captain Meriy. the senior 
officer present, I was directed to apply to Captain Todd, commanding u. S. S. WU- 
mington, for necessary supplies. 

On boarding the U. 8. S. Wilmington I was informed by her commanding offloer of 
his intention to enter Cardenas Harbor on the afternoon of that day. Of the three 
channels leading through the cays two were believed to be mined. There remained 
unexplored a third channel, between Romero and Blanco Cays, over which thd mini- 
mum depth of water, as shown by the chart, was If fathoms. As the rise of tide 
at this place was about \\ feet, and as the Wilmington drew scant 10 feet, I was 
directed to receive on board a Cuban pilot, Santos, to take with me the revenue- 
cutter Hudson to sound this channel, and, in company with tiie Hudson, to sweep the 
ohannel for torpedoes. This work I completed by noon, except the sweeping of the 
channel, which could not be done on account of the grounding of the Hudson, That 
vessel touched lightly, but managed to work off without injury. The Winslow, there- 
fore, draffged the channel with grapnels and returned to the Wilmington^ reporting 
to Captain Todd upon the practicability of the entranoe. 

The entrance was begun at 12. SO, high tide, the Hudson on the starboard side and 
the Winslow on the ]port sideof the Wilmington assisting in marking out shoal water. 
No vessels were in sight on entering Cardenas Bay save two square-rigged merchant- 
men with sails unbent, anchored directly off the town. As it was thought possible 
that gunboats might attempt to escape, the Hudson was sent along the western side 
and the Winslow along the eastern side of the bay to intercept them in event of such 
movement ; not finding them the three vessels met off the town at a distance of about 
8,500 yards. When in this position the Winslow was signaled to approach the Wil- 
mington within hail and I was directed by Captain Todd to go in and investigate a 
small gunboat then observed for the first time, painted gray with black smokestack, 
apparently not under steam and moored to a wharf, to the left of which arose a oom- 



BURKAU OF NATIOATIOH. 208 

paei BUMS of baildings cIom to the water front. Torpe<1oes were set for snrfnce nine, 
the fane npon the war-noeee were ran np eo as to provide for explosion at short ran^ 
for use alongside of the gunboat, and all preparations were made for immediate aetion. 

At a distance of about 1,500 yards, at whioh time the WlnsUnt was adraneing at 
about 12 knots, whioh seems her maximum speed in quite shoal water, the first gun 
of the engagement was fired from the bow of the Spanish gunboat, marked by a 
clear puiT of white smoke. This shot, which passed over the FRiisloir, was at onc« 
replied to by that ship and was the signal for tne conmiencement fh>m the beach of 
a rapidly sustained nre, charaoteriz^ primarily by a total absence of smoke. At 
the oonunenceiiient of this firing I received a flesh wound in the left thigh. As the 
aetion advanced a cloud of hare ooUected on shore at the location of this battery 
and when cloeest I detected one or two gun flashes flrom among the buildings but wk 
no time could I detect the exact position of the guns. My uncertainty as to the 
position of the enemy was attested to by the commanding offioer of the Hudson and 
oy officers eommanding gun divisions on the Wilmiuglon who inquired of me shortly 
after the action what fmade out to be the enemy's exact position. 

At this time the wind was blowing from the ships toward the shore. The first 
shot that pierced the Wiuslote rendered her steam and hand-steering gear inoperative 
and ilauiaged them beyond repair. Eflforts to work the hand-steenng gear flrom aft 
were frustrated by the wrecking of that mechanism and the rupture of both wheel 
ropes; relieving tackles failed to operate the rudder. For a snort time the vessel 
was held in her bows on position by use of her propellers. She then swung broad- 
side to the enemy. A shot now pierced her en^ne room rendering one engine inop- 
erative. I directed my attention to maintaining fire fh>m her l-pounder guns, to 
keeping the vessel constantly in movement, so as to reduce the chances of her being 
hit. to endeavoring to withdraw fh>m close range, and to keeping clear of the line 
of nre of the W^tlmnftlon and HuiUon, The use of the remaining engine, howsTor, 
ha4l theeflfect ol throwing her stem toward the enemy upon backing, while going 
ahasd threw her bow in the same direction. Under the heavy fire of the WilmimgUm 
the fire of the enemy slackened. The Spanish gunboat was silenced and put out of 
actif»n early in the engagement. 

The tyimslom now being practically disabled, I signaled to the Hmd99m to tow as 
out of action. She very gallantly approached us, and we sacoeeded in getting a 
line to her. Previous to tnis, the alternate rapid backing and steaming aheaa of 
the H'imshw had had the effect of working her out fh>m un&r the enemy's oatteriss, 
and in this way a distance of about 900 yards was gained. Finding that we were 
working out in this manner, I directed Ensign Bagley to eonoentrate his attention 
upon tl^ movement of the ship, watching the vessel so as to keep her out of the 
nilmimfUm'i way, and to direct the movements of the man at the reversing goar, 



haniral eommuni cation firom deck to engine room being impractieable. 

Msitstad Mr. Bagley makin|r repeated short trips firom the deck to the foot of 
the engine room ladder while airecting the vessers course, and at the moment of 
being on deck be stood abreast the starboard gun dose to a group of men who had 
been stationed below, but who had been sent on deck tnm the disabled machinery. 
A shell bitting, I believe, a hose-reel, exploded instantly, killing Ensign Bagley and 
two others and mortally wounding two. This accident, which oeourred at the cloee 
of the action, was virtually its end ; the enemy fired a Ibw more shots, but was soon 
eooipletely silenced by the heavy fire of the Wilmington. The eonduct of Ensign 
Bagky aad the men with him, as well ss that of the orew who survived the fight. 
Is beyond eommendation. After seeing the dead and wounded removed ttom the 
WhUUm aad eonveved on board the f^mimgton, I turned over the command of the 
ahip to Gunner's Mate O. P. Brady, my own injury preventing ma from perfomdng 
aetlva dntj for tbo time being. 

I hmw the honor, to remain, sir, yoar obsdiaat ssrraot, 

John B. BKRXAi>on, 
T¥s BaaottAxr of thx Navt. 



U. 8. Stramkr Hur>soir (9), 
K09 Weii, Fla,, Mmy 13, ISSS. 

fltn: I have the boner to submit the folluwiug report of the participation by this 
vessffl In tlie engagement with the Spanish forces at Cardenas on the 11 th instant. 

At 11^ a. m., while off* the main entrance to Cardenas Bay, the Hndtom was 
ordered bj the senior officer preeent to accompany the U. 8. 8. Wilwkkngion and the 
U. 8. 8. T. B. Iflasleff inside. All three vessels started immediatelv, and after some 
mlifldoaij aonndinn to determine the best water, passed throng Blaaoa ChaAnel 
iai» UMbtf aad headed fbr Cardenas. About 1 p. m., when abrsasi of Corral PoIbIi 



204 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

the Hudson was ordered by commanding officer U. 8. 8. Wilmington to **so out and 
look at small craft." Steamed over toward Diana Cay, and skirted the western 
shore of the bay. Dlsooyered no yessels, and observing that the Wilmington and 
Winslow were nearing Cardenas, at 1.35 p. m. steamed toward them at full speed. 
At 1.45, when a little over a mile distant from oar vessels, saw firing commence from 
the shore which was immediately returned by our ships. At 1.50 when within 
range of the shore guns, the Hudson opened fire npon them with her two 6-ponnder8. 
Observing that the Winslow was quite close inshore and exposed to the full strength 
of the enemy's guns, ran up alon^ide of the Wilmington and asked if we should go 
to her assistance, Winslow. Received the answer '* Yes," and immediately steamed 
in to the immediate vicinity of the Winslow, keeping up a constant and rapid iire 
from the Hudson* s battery upon the enemy's Runs on snore. At 2.20 commanding 
officer Winsloto reported his vessel totally disabled and requested to be towed out of 
range. Owing to the shoal water and the rapid drift toward shore of the Winslow 
(the wind was on shore), it was fully thirty minutes before the Hudson succeeded in 
making a line fast from the Winslow and starting ahead with her. The enemy kept 
up a constant fire during this time, which appeared to be especially directed toward 
the Win slow, which was returned at every opportunity by the Winslow and Hudson. 
The Winslow was towed alongside the Wilmingtonf from which vessel a boat was sent 
with a medical officer, who transferred the dead and wounded from the Winslow to 
the Wilmington. Finally, at about 3.30 p. m., all three vessels steamed out of the 
bay, the Winslow in tow of the Hudson. At about dark Joined the U. 8. 8. Maokias 
outside, when the Winslow was anchored. 

At 9.15 p. m. the Hudson started for Key West with dispatches for the senior officer 
commanding that station, and carrying the dead and wounded f^om the Winslow. 
Reported to the senior officer commanding at Key West at 7.10 on the morning of 
the 12th instant. The only damage resulting to the Hudson during the engagement 
were a few slight marks from small projectiles upon two of the fire room ventilators, 
and a few bullet marks upon the outside of the pilot-house plating. One hundred 
and thirty-five shells were fired firom the two 6-poanders dunng the action. 
Respectfully, yours, 

Fbank H. Nrwcovb, 
First Lieutenant, Revenue Cutter Service, Commanding, 

The 8BCRETART OF THK NaVY, 

Washington, D. C. 
(Through senior officer commanding naval station, Key West, Fla.) 



U. 8. R EVEN UK Clttkr Hudson, 
At Sea, Cardenas to Key West, May 12, 1898, 

Sir: I desire to state the following in addition to the report made to you by me 
from Cardenas yesterday : 

The 1 -pounder guns of the Winslow were constantly in action throughout the 
fight. Torpedoes were ready, but there was no chance to employ them. 
Very respectfully, 

John B. Berkadou, 

lAeutenant, U.8.N, 

The 8BCRETART OF THE NaVT. 



Treasury Department, Office of the Secretary, 

Washington^ D. C, Jum 22j 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to trausmit herewith for your information 
copy of supplementary report submitted by the commanding officer of 
the revenue cutter Hudson^ in cooperation with the naval service, friv- 
ing additional particulars of the part taken by the Hudson in the action 
at Cardena», Cuba, on May 11, 1898, and to call your attention to the 
final paragraph of said report. 

EespectfuUy yours, O, L. Spauldino, 

Acting Secretary, 
The Secretary of the Navy. 



BOREAU OP NAYIQATIOH. 205 

U. 8. Stkamkr Hudson, 

JTey IVeti, Flo., Jira# 26, 2898. 

Bn : For the better informAtlon of the Department, I hare the honor to •abmit 
the following •uppIemeDtary report containing certain facta relating to the part 
taken by this veeael in the late engagement at Canlenas, on the lltb altimOy wnioh 
were omitted in the baatv preparation of my report of the 31tt ultimo. 

The ii^iuriee tostained by the Hudtom from the enemy's projectiles were as 
follows: 

The holl was stmok in two places below the guards on the starboard side and two 
places on the port side — one below the guardii and the other on the after filling piece 
between the guards, eridently by a piece of a large projectile, as it left quite a deep 
dent in the bard wood. No damage resulted from the other places struck beyond 
knitckiog off the oaint and scaling the iron at the points of contact. 

The mdder on the port side, where it joins the stock, was struck once, with simi- 
lar resolts. The forward fire-room ventilator on the starboard side above the npper 
deck was struck four times, one only resulting in a perforation, three-fourths of an 
inch in diameter. The after ventilator on the same side was struck onoe and perfo- 
rated, the hole being about one-half of an inch in diameter. 

The after end of the pilot house was spattered with numerous small pieces of lead, 
eaeh of which was buned out of sight in the wood. The light joiner work of the 
cabin was shaken and shattered more or less bv the fire of the after 6-pounder, while 
windows, lamp shades, and other fhkgile articles were smashed. 

Dnrinic the action 135 rounds were fired fh>m the two 6^pounder suns. The Colt 
automatic gun on the npper deck was not used, its fire being reserved for short range 
in ease the vessel became diiiabled and drifted near the shore. 

Second Lieut. W. U. Scott was in charge of the after 6-ponnder and Third Lieut. 
£. E. Mead of the forward one. The coolness and intrepidity manifested by these 

Stntlemen in handling their respective gun's crews, and taking advantage of every 
vorable opportunity to get in an eflective shot at the enemy, and their efforts nnder 
the moot trying ciroomstances to run lines to the disabled WinBlow are deserving of 
the highest commendation. 

The professional skill and promptness displayed by Mr. N. £. Cutohin, the engi- 
neer ( first assistant) in charge, in responding to the constant and exacting demands 
upon the machinery in maneuvering the vessel, merit unstinted praise. Not the 
slightest hitch or delay of any kind occurred in the workings of his department, and 
the successful issne of the day's operations was undoubtedly due in a great measure 
to his efforts and those of the men under him.' 

Whenever the services of Second Assistant Engineer T. D. Lewton could be spared 
from the engine and fire rooms, he cheerfully repaired to the pilot house, where his 
aid in locating the other vessels and the direction of the enemy's guns, in the midst 
of the dense smoke fh>m the Hiid$an*8 guns, which at times prevailed, was of the 
utmost senistance. 

Each and every member of the crew, fh>m the boatswain down to Moses Jones, the 
eolored boy, who attached himself to the after gun and never failed to have a shell 
rrady when it was aet-ded, did his whole duty cheerfully and without the least hesi- 
tation. This appears the more remarkable in view of the fact that none of them 
had ever been under fire before and that the guns were without protection or shelter 
of any kind. 

Thev deserve the most substantial recognition in the power of the Qovemment for 
their heroic services upon this occasion. 

I take pleasure in teiitlfying to the remarkable bravery displayed by Lieutenant 
Beruadoo and the men of the Wlmslmt, and consider it as one of the greatest privi- 
leges of mv life to have been an eyewitness of their condnct at a time when many 
men would have felt justified in abandoning all hope. With such officers and such 
men the American nation may well be proud of its Navy. 
Bespectfully, yours, 

Frank H. Nbwcomb, 
Fir$t /.lealeaasl, Bevenu^-CuUer Servtoe, Comwiatiding, 

The Skckktaby of tub Trbamiky, 

Wmtkiugtoii, D. C. 



(CoauModliif BMnbsn of crew for hrsvsry.] 

U. S. Torpedo Boat Wdcslow, 

Mobile J Ala., July 20, 1698, 

SiB: Undw departmental orders, in accordance with the proviaioii 
of a/tction 'Wl of the Kevuicd IStatuteB, the foUo wing-named membert 



206 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

of the Winslow^s orew were promoted from the ranks to warrant grades, 
viz: 

T. O. Oooney, to carpenter; Hans Johnsen, to gnnner; O. O. Brady, 
to gunner. 

Paragraph 896 of the 17. S. Navy liegulations states that men so pro 
moted are entitled to a reward of $100 each and a medal of honor, 
prepared under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy. 

I respectftilly request that the above rewards be, in accordance with 
naval regulations, granted to them, as they have not yet been received 
by them. 

Very respectfully, 

John B. Bbbnadou, 
Lieutenant, U. 8. N,^ Commanding. 

The Sbobbtaby of thb Navy. 

[First indonament.] 

Navy Dbpabtmbnt, 

Bureau of Navigation, July 29, 1898. 

Bespectftilly forwarded to the Department. 

These men having been warranted upon the recommendation of the 
commanding officer, approved by the flag officer, under article 896 of 
the Navy Regulations, it is recommended that the remainder of that 
articlOi which relates to their gratuity and medals, be carried into effect. 

A. S. Obowninshield, 

Chief of Bureau. 

[Second indorsement.] 

ft 

Navy Depabtmbnt, August 4, 1898. 

Betumed to the Bureau of Navigation. 

Before taking action upon the within recommendation of the com- 
manding officer of the U. S. T. B. Winslow, the Department desires to 
be furnished with so much of the report of that officer regarding the 
gallant conduct of T. O. Oooney, Hans Johnsen, and O. 0. Brady in 
the action at Cardenas containing the recommendation that these men 
be promoted to warrant officers. 

This extract from the report of the commanding officer of the 
Winelow should show the date of the action and the enlisted ratings 
held by these men at that time, in order that their medals may be 

Eroperly engraved, and the necessary data furnished the Treasury 
department upon which the accounting officer can make the necessary 
payment of the gratuity provided for in section 1407, Revised Statutes. 

John D. Lono, 

Secretary. 

[Third indorsement.] 

Dbpabtmbnt op thb Navy, 
Waehington, D. C, August 6, 1898. 

Bespectftilly returned to the Department. 

The following is a copy of the report requested in the second para- 
graph of the second indorsement: 

Convent Hospital, Key fVeai, Fla,, May 14, 1898, 

The teCHBTABT OV THB NaVT. 

Sir: During the recent engagement st Cardenas, in whioh the Winalow took part, 
it beoama eyident that the efforts of the enemy were directed to the destmotion of 



BUREAU OF NATIGATIOR. 207 

that TaMel, m ptoTen by the ooDoentrmtion of fire npon b«r. That this wm not 
effaoted waa largely dne to the eiforta of her crew, and eepeoially to thoae of her 
chief petty oiBcen, G. P. Brady, chief fpukner^c mate; T. C. Cooney, chief maohiniat^ 
and Uana Johnaon, chief machinists 

I reepeotfolly anbmit that these men, who acted coolly and foni^ht well, weia 
largely inatrnmental in saving the Wiiulcw, thereby preventing the enemy from 
aeoring a decisiye point, the moral effect of which might have proven of magnitude. 
The particolar servicea for which I desire to commend them are : Brady, energy in 
assisting to sustain gun fire, promptness in maintaining closed water-tight aoora 
and hatchea, efforta to repair steering gear under fire; Cooney, extinguishing fires 
under boiler pierced by shell at risk of severe scalding; Johnson, presence of mind 
in shutting off steam from engine wrecked by shell bursting in cylinder. 

I would therefore respectfully submit the following list of positions to which I 
believe these men eligible for advancement, vis : 

Brady, from chief gunner'a mate to gunner. 

Cooney, from dhiaf machinist to carpenter. He ia a blacksmith and a skilled 
metal worker. 

Johnson, from ehief machinist to gunner. He is frilly capable of performing the 
dntiea of gunner, having been trained in ordnance dutiee aa seaman gunner at 
Waahington and Newport. 

I am able to attest that theae men possess the physical strength and mental and 
moral qnalifications requisite to enable them to fill creditably the positions named, 
very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John B. Brrnadou, Lieutenant, U, 8, N. 

(Flrftt IndomcincBt.] 

Naval Babb, Kxt Wist, 
C7. 8. Flagtikip Laneatier, June 1, 1898. 

Approved and rsapectfully forwarded to the commander in chie( North Atlantic 
Station. 

Gxo. C. Bbmxt, 
CoflUModors, Commanding, 

[Ssooad tndonenMat.] 

U. 8. Flagship Nkw York, Ist Rati, 

Off Santiago de Cuba, June /f , 1898. 

It gl vee me great pleasure to forward this letter, commending tbe members of the crew 
of the Win»l^ for their daring, skill, and promptness under the circumstances men- 
tioned in his letter. It is men of this sort who deserve the Department's recojB^i- 
tion and eneon ragement. When such men have aho wn their ability to fill the positions 
to which they are recommended, and at the same time have displayed the one quality 
under fire so essential to success, I believe that the Department would do well to show 
ita appreciation of such hi*'h qnalitiea. 
Bespectiully, 

W. T. Sampson, 
Bear-Admiral, United Statee Navg, 
Commander •• Chief U. 8. Naval Force on North Atlantic 8tatum. 

[Third iBdonemani.] 

Nayt DKPARncKin', 
Bureau of Navigation, 
Approved, June 87, 1898. 

A. 8. Crowninshibld, 

Chi^ of Bureau, 

These men were warranted by order of the Secretary of the Navy on 
the 27th of June, 1898. 

A. B. GBOWNUfSHIELDy 

Okie/ of Bureau. 

(Vofurtii tadoncoieBt.] 

KAYT DEPABTMBNTy Augu8i 12j 1898. 

Betomed to the Bareaa of Navigation, approving tbe recommenda- 
tion of the Borean and of the commanding officer of the WiiMUno in 
regard to tbe award of medals of honor and the payment of the gratui- 
ties to the within-mentioned members of the crew of that vessel, who 



208 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

have been promoted to warrant officers, in accordance with section 
1407 of the Revised Statutes. 

The Department has given directions for the preparation of medals 
of honor for these men, and directed the pay officers of the U. S. S. 
Lancaster J the naval station, Key West, Fla., and the navy-yard, Pen- 
sacola, Fla., to which Acting Gnnner O. P. Brady, Acting Oanner 
Hans Johnsen, and Acting Carpenter T. G. Gooney are respectively 
attached, to pay to each of these officers the gratuity of $100 to which 
they are entitled under the provisions of the above-mentioned section 
of the Revised Statutes, and the Bureau is authorized to prepare an 
appropriate general order in the premises. 

Ghas. H. Allen. 



115101. 

[Attempt to out Santtogo^Jinaioft oAbloo.] 

U. S. S. St. Louis, 

Off Cubay May 18, 1898. 

Sib : On the night of the 16th I made an attempt to cat the Santiago- 
Jamaica cables, going myself in the U. S. S. Wompatuck. Unluckily 
we were discovered by a patrol boat, and, not knowing what might 
be the resources of the defense in guns and search lightoi I deemed it 
prudent to withdraw. 

I took with me Lieutenant Gatlin and 8 marines, Ghief Officer 
Segrave, Third Officer Smith, Second Engineer Preston, and certain 
men, as per inclosed list, from the St. Louis ship's company, under Mr. 
Segrave's orders, for the purpose of picking up the cable. 

It is a pleasure, as well as a duty, to speak in commendatory terms 
of the conduct of Lieut. Garl Jungen, commanding the Wompatuck. 

Mr. Segrave and his associates were volunteers, yet they did not 
hesitate to incur great risks and to expose their lives to attack from an 
unseen foe in the dark. 

It was a simple duty discharged by the officers and men of the Navy 
there present. We merit no special approval, but I feel it incumbent 
on me to suggest that for this dangerous voluntary service, taken in 
connection with the sharp a(;tiou of the 18th of May with the forts of 
Santiago, Mr. Segrave be given a gold and the others each a silver 
medal of honor. 

I am, sir, very respectfuUy, 

G. P. OOODBIOH, 

Captain^ U. 8. ^., Commanding. 

The GoMMANDEB IN Ghief Korth Atlantic Station. 

United States Flagship New York, 



[List of Tolnnteen from XJ. S. S. St Louis to oat oable off Santingo do Cabft Haj 10| 1896.] 

Preston, Vernon F., second engineer. 
Koning, M., oiler. 
Lindsay, J^ qnartermaster. 
Albrecbt, F., oaartermaster. 
Wickerebam, J. B., quartermaster. 
Donaldson, John, seaman. 
Campbell, George, seaman* 
Wynn, William, seaman. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATIOM. 209 

115101. 

[Catling of HanHagoJMmJca e*bU.] 

U. 8. 8. 8t. Lons, 
Off SanHagOy Cuba^ May 18^ 1898. 

Sib: 1 have the honor to report the snccesfal grappling and catting 
of one of the Jamaica-Santiago de Cuba cables, under circarostances 
which I am convinced will receive the commendation of the Navy De- 
partment as well as of yourself. 

At daylight, being then some 7 miles off Santiago light and the 
Morro Castle, I steamed with this ship on varioas courses, gradually 
approaching the fortifications. The water is so deep dose to, that 
with the meager and improvised appliances at my command I was 
obliged to come within 1.3 miles of the castle. I had no sooner hooked 
the Ciible in over 500 fathoms of water than I was fired ux)on from the 
Morro, from a new work to the westward of the harbor, and most formi- 
dable of all, from a mortar battery on Casper Point. Of course, with 
the very mo<lest broadside of this vessel, aided by the one 3-i>ounder 
of the Wompatucky which joined me just as the firing began, it was 
impossible to do much execution on the fortifications. Nevertheless 
we silenced the one gun on the Morro, which was placing its shot 
dangerously close, both over and short of us; the crew, as could be 
plainly seen, running away from their piece. Similarly our fire silenced 
the western battery. From the mortar battery above mentioned the 
projectiles came with singularly good aim, both as to direction and 
distance, falling close aboard, some not 100 feet away, and rendering 
our position extremely uncomfortable. The damage of which one of 
their shells is capable might have been serious even to wrecking or 
completely crippling this fine and costly vessel. Our position was now 
extremely uncomfortable, but we held firmly on to the cable, firing all 
the time, and steamed slowly out of range, where we could pick up the 
cable at leisure. We cut out quite a length. A sample accompanies 
this letter. It may be said with absolute exactness that we not only 
moceeded in our undertaking, but had to fight for our success in a ship 
entirely unsuited to fighting. 

The action, which took place at 2,500 to 3,000 yardsy lasted forty -one 
minutes. 1 am exceedingly happy to report no injunes to either ship 
and no casualties among the officers or men. 

Lient Carl W. Jungen, in his little vessel, the Wompatwikj added a 
most praiseworthy display of coolness and pluck in battle to his uni- 
formly zealous and intelligent cooperation with me previously. He 
deserves thoroughly any recognition which the Department may see fit 
to accord him. 

My thanks are due to Ensign U. S. Payne, U. S. N., and to Lieut. A. W. 
Catlin, U. 8. M. C, for their faithful labors in preparing a set of raw 
recruits for battle and for coolness and courage under fire. 

Yon are doubtless aware of the peculiar conditions under which the 
officers and crew of this vessel are now serving their country. The 
officers are not appointed in the Navy nor are the men enlisted, yet 
greater bravery in action or more devotion to their flag than theirs 
could not have been shown. With shells whistling over their heads, 
the gang of men who. under Chief Officer Segrave, were employed on 
the forecastle in the dangerous task of heaving up the telegraph cable, 
never flinched, but stnck to their posts to the end. 

Tlie Department might with propriety recognixe the service per- 
fonned by Captain Bandle and his subordinates and by his ship's 



210 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

company in sneb a manner as it deems fit. The assurance, whatever 
form it may take, that they have earned the Department's favor will 
bring gratification to them daring their lives and to their children after 
them. 

If I have seemed to unduly magnify a trivial affair, I can only wish 
that you had been present in person to witness the evidence of deter- 
mination shown by the 8t, Louis and the Wompatuck, two vessels as 
little fitted as possible to stand up against fortifications, to execute 
your command at a risk which it is not becoming in me to characterize 
otherwise than as grave. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, 

C. P. GOODKIOH, 

OaptaiUj U. S. JV., Commanding. 

The GoMMANDBB IN Ohief North Atlantio Station, 

CFniied States FUigship New York. 



115101. 

[Attempt to cut French oable ftt Oaantanamo.] 

U. 8. S. St. Louis, 
Windward PassagCy May 19 j 1898. 

Sib: I regret to have to report my failure this morning early to cut 
the French cable at Ouantanamo. The port is guarded by a Spanish 
gunboat, carrying heavier guns than the 6pounders of this ship; she 
is commanded by an officer who did not hesitate to attack us. Doubt- 
less he had been informed from Santiago de Cuba of the light nature 
of our batteries, and had been warned to be on the lookout for us. In 
addition was a small gan on shore. 

I sent the Wompatuck into the mouth of the harbor to drag for the 
wire, while I lay just outside. She caught the cable shortly before the 
action. It was only after a hot engagement of forty minutes, in which 
both ships took part, that the necessity of abandoning my enterprise 
in that locality was forced npon me. To have remained longer might 
have cost the loss of this ship, for she is very vulnerable, as you know. 

Again, it is my agreeable duty to speak highly of Lieutenant Juugen 
in battle. He obeyed my signal to withdraw with great reluctance 
after a very pretty fight. Also Ohief Officer T. J. Segrave deserves 
the Department's recognition for faithful work under the enemy's fire. 
A commission as lieutenant-commander in the Navy would be little 
enough recompense for his services and his gallantry. He would be an 
ornament to any navy for his capacity and attainments. 

1 am bound to Mole St. Nicholas, where I shall let the Wompatuck 
fill up with fresh water and thence proceed to Key Vilest. After cut- 
ting the French cable I shall proceed to work of Ponce, Porto Bico. 

Possibly both Jamaica-Santiago cables were damaged yesterday. If 
one still remains in good order I must ask you to assign me the Man- 
grove^ fitted with apparatus for work in deep water, and an armed ves- 
sel — say the Marblehead— for our protection. My own appliances are 
inadequate for this duty, and I am too weak in powers of offense. 

I expect to be in Mole St. Nicholas to morrow, the 20th, off Ponce the 
21st and 22d, and in St. Thomas the 23d. I respectfully request that 
orders be wired me there sending me to New York to coal and refit. I 
can take the fuel on board in thirty-six hours, and moreover secure cer- 
tain articles much needec'. for future operations in cable cutting. 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 211 

In ten days or so from the date of leaving St. Thomas I can be back 
at Mole St. Nicholas, ready for three or four weeks' daty with the fleet. 
I am, sir, very respectfally, 

O, F. Goodrich, 
Captainj U, 8, N.j Commanding. 

The OOMHANDRR IN GUIEF, NORTH AXLANTIO STATION, 

United States Flagship New York. 



[Catting of French cable.] 

115101. 

17. S. S. St. Louis, 

At Sea^ Lat. 37^ 43' N.y Lang. 720 l& TT., May S7^ 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that on the morning of May 20 and 
ontside the marine league off Mole St. Nicholas I broke the French 
cable to Cuba. If, as 1 have reason to believe, the second Jamaica 
cable is seriously damaged, the island of Cuba is now isolated, tele- 
graphically speaking. 

Off Tortnga that afternoon I spoke the U. S. S. 8t. Paul and gave her 
commanding officer important information concerning the batteries of 
Santiago de Ouba, which, I trust, has proved of benelt to Commodore 
Schley, who, I was given to understand, was bound there. 

On the morning of the 22d at daylight I commenced grappling for 
the cable to the westward of Ponce, Porto Bico. The bottom tdong 
the south shore of that island is very irregular and rocky, requiring 
special apparatus, which I do not possess. After opening out my two 
last grapnels I abandoned the attempt for the present in the expecta- 
tion of obtaining more definite information as to favorable xioints at 
which to attack this cable and of providing myself with suitable appli- 
ances. The evidence of uncharted dangers to navigation were but too 
evident, and I felt that it would be unwise to risk this ship in such 
places. 

I continue to hox>e that on my return I may be given the Mangrovcj 
with her grappling outfit, and a cruiser to drive off the smaller vessels 
of the enemy, which, armed with better guns than mine, are able to 
interrupt the work. I venture to remind you also that cable grappling 
is a ven^ slow and tedious operation, often necessitating repeated drives 
over the same ground. The good fortune which has attended otir 
efforts so far is, I am told, quite exceptional in cable practice, and is 
due, in my opinion, to the unusual skill of Chief Officer Segrave. 

I reached St. Thomas May 23, where I found your dispatch of the 
2l8t, and immediately left for New York. Personally, I should have 
preferred to go to Hampton Roads, but a careful study of the questions 
of coaling, which can be far more quickly completed at New Icork, of 
laying in the supplies needed for the next cruise, and especially of 
obtaining certain indispensable appliances for cable grappling more 
likely to be found in New York than elsewhere, left me no choice. I 
beg your approval of my decision. 

Before this reaches you I hope to have received your instructions by 
telegraph and to have sailed to execute them. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, 

C. F. Goodrich, 
Captainj U. S. N.y Commanding. 

The Commander in Chief North Atlantic Station, 

United States Flagship New York. 



212 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

115101. 

XJ. 8. 8. 8t. Ix>xns, 
At Sea^ Lai. 37^ 43' F., Long. 729 16' W.j May 37, 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to inclose a traok chart of the first cruise of 
this ship, also copies of my letters to the commander in chief, detailing 
the services performed. 

Inclosed also is a copy of a dispatch from the commander in chief, 
directing me to proceed to the point where most dispatch is practicable. 
In conversation with him on the 15th instant.! had explained that time 
could be saved by coming to Kew York or Hampton Eoads. To this 
he agreed. The need of more equipment for cable cutting decided me 
to select Kew York as my port of refit rather than Hampton Boads. 
Indeed I have reason to believe that more than enough time can be 
gained here in coaling to offset the additional distance run. 

I inclose also a letter prepared for the captain of the cable ship 
Orappler, but not delivered, as he had left St. Thomas before my arrival. 
I am, sir, very respectfiilly, 

0. P. GOODEICH, 

Oaptaiuj U. 8. N.j Commanding. 
The Sbcebtaby op the Navy, 

Navy Department, Washington, 2>. 0. 



[Copy of cablegnm from oommander in chief to Captain Qoodrioh.] 
Proceed; selecting whichever point will give greatest dispatch. 



Sampson. 



U. S. S. St. Louis, 
8U Th<ma%, DanUh Wett Indies, May 2S, 1898. 

Sir: It is my dnty to remind yon that a state of war exists between the United 
States of America and the Kingdom of Spain; to inform you tliat attempts on the 
part of the Orappler or other similar ship to repair any breaks which now exist, or 
which may occur during the war, In the telegraphic cables of any company which 
lead to the Spanish possessions in the West Indies will be regarded by my Govern- 
ment as an act of hostilitv ; and to warn you that the least violation by you of the 
above injunction will render your vessel subject to capture and a lawful prize wher- 
ever found on the high seas. 

On the other hand, as my Qovemment is extremely anxious that no neutral inter- 
ests shall suffer unnecessarily on account of the war, I am prepared to assure the 
W. I. P. T. Co. that its line f^om St. Thomas to Jamaica, via Ponce, Porto Kico, will 
not be injnred by any vessel in the employ of the United States, on the sole con- 
dition that the cables now landing at Ponce be promptly withdrawn, the station at 
Ponce be abandoned, and Ponce cut out from direct cable communication with the 
outside world until peace is declared. I am also prepared to offer the same ussnrances 
as to the other line f^om St. Thomas to Jamaica, touching at San Juan, Porto Rico, 
but, it must be understood, on similar conditions, and tmit Porto Kioo be left com- 
pletely isolated, telegraphically speaking. 

An answer is requested at your earliest convenience. If I should have departed 
before you can receive instructions fh>m your home office, please wire this letter 
complete and your company's propositions relating thereto to the Secretary of the 
Navy. Washington, D. C. 

Unless I hear favorably from yon in the meantime, I shall consider myself free to 
act after sunset of May 25, 1898. 

Very respectfully, C. P. Goodrich, 

CapiatHj U, 8, N., Commanding, 

The COMMAMDIMQ OFFICER CaBVE RxPAIR SHIP GRAPPLKR. 



BURSAU OP NAYIQATIOR. SIS 

115101. 

[First indorwoMtti.] 

Departmsnt of the Navy, 

Bureau of XacigatioHj June 6^ 1S98. 

Respectfully forwarded to the Departmeut^ It api>ear8 from a letter 
dated May 20, 1898, from the commander iu chief of the North Athiutic 
Station, t£at the instructions under which the St. Louu operated were 
issued by him, but the report of the operations was forwarded direct 
to the Department, and does not bear his indorsement 

The Bureau suggests that the report be forwarded to the commander 
in chief with a request for an indorsement, making such comment as 
he may deem proper. 

A« 8. Gbowninshixld, 

Chief of Bureau. 

Na8187. 

(SMond tedonoBtBt.] 

Navy Dbpabtmxnt, 

June 7, 1898. 

Referred to the commander in chief of the United States naval force 
on die North Atlantic Station, for such comment as he may deom 
proper, attention being invited to the first indorsement hereon of the 
Bureau of Navigation. 

Ohas. H. Allen, 

Acting Secretary. 

[TUid iBdorMBie&t.] 

IT. S. Flagship Nbw Tobk, 1st Katb, 

Off Santiago de Ouba^ July 19y 1898. 

Eespectfhlly returned to the Secretary of the Navy. Oaptain Good- 
rich fh>m the first has rendered valuable assistance in severing tele- 
graphic communication between Cuba and the outside world. This has 
been difllcult because the Cubans had placed dummy cables so that it 
was impossible to learn when a cable was cut. Every cable cut between 
Cuba on the south side was cut by Captain Goodrich. The Adrta, 
which was sent down here for the special purpose of destroying com- 
munication, did not succeed in cutting a single live cable in more than 
a month's work. 

W. T. SAUPSONy 

Boar'AdmirdL U. S. JV., Commander in Chief 

U. S. Naval Force^ North Atlantic Station. 

NoTB. — ^The three foregoing endorsements refer to the reports pre- 
ceding them numbered 115101. 



IT. S. 8. ScoBPiON (26), 
Daiquiri^ Cuba^ August 9^ 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to make the following rei)ort of an event which 
occurred two months ago of which no report was handed in at the time, 
because it did not culminate in an engagement, and was therefore not 
called for in the regulations; but having recently learned on board your 
flagship that the official record of a ship depends largely upon these 
reports, I ask permission to submit this now. 

At daybreak on June 9, while this ship was convoying the ammuni* 
tion ship Armeria and the provision ship Supply from Key West to 



V 



214 • BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

Santiago, a steamer's stnoke was sighted on our starboard quarter in 
the direction of Nuevitas, which place was about 20 miles off. The 
Armeria signaled for this ship to take station astern; but considering 
it advisable to meet an enemy as far away from the convoys as possible, 
we turned around and headed for the steamer. As soon as she was 
made out to be a man-of-war, went to general quarters. 

She proved to be of modern type, of considerable size, and painted 
like the Spanish men-of-war recently seen at Havana. It was impossi- 
ble to make out her flag, being dead calm, although a tinge of red could 
be plainly distinguished. As far as I am able to say, no one doubted 
that she was a Spaniard. I certainly did not. When about 1,000 yards 
of each other, both vessels stopped aud our starboard battery was 
brought to bear, but numerous orders given not to fire until the word. 
A very few minutes after this the flag blew out a little and was made 
out to be British. The vessel was the Talbot. 

I am glad to be able to state that most of our crew looked disappointed 
at this, although I myself felt differently, for we would have had a very 
slight chance against a vessel of that type and size, and it was only the 
necessity of giving the 'convoys under my charge a chance to escape 
that I decided to engage such an enemy. 

Very respectfally, A. Mabix, 

Lieutenant-Oomma/nAery U, 8, N.^ Commanding. 

The OOMMANDBB IN Ohief XJ. S. Kaval Force, 

North Atlantic Station^ 
* U. 8. F, 8. New York^ Ouantanamo^ Oiiba. 



122829. 

[Engagement of Tanku off Cienfnegos on June 13, 1898.] 

XJ. S. S. Yankee (50), 
Off CienfuegoSy Ouba^ June 14j 1898, 

SiB: I have the honor to report that at 1.15 p. m. yesterday^ while 
lying 8 to 10 miles south westward from San Juan Peak, a steamer was 
seen close in shore to the eastward of the entrance to Gienfuegos, head- 
ing to the eastward. 

The ship was immediately cleared for action and headed for the 
entrance, with the crew at quarters, when the steamer turned to the 
westward, and, after lying dead in the water for some time near 
Colorado Point, turned toward us. 

We had by this time made her out to be a low steamer, about 200 feet 
in length, flying the Spanish colors, one smokestack, one mast between 
pilot house and stack, and a bridge over the pilot house. Her awnings 
were spread over the pilot house and over the gangways abreast of it. 

When the steamer turned toward us we were running directly toward 
the mouth of the harbor at full spee<l. When we had approached 
within 2,000 yards, we being at the time within about 5,000 yards of 
the batteries at the entrance and approaching them rapidly, I put the 
helm aport, hoisted our colors for the first time, and opened fire with 
the port forecastle 5-inch gun, followed at once by all the port battery, 
whenever they could see the enemy. This fire was immediately and 
spiritedly returned by the gunboat. The wind was very light at the 
time, and she was almost constantly shut out, either by the smoke of 
our guns or of her own. This was notably the case after the first fire 
from the forecastle gun. 

As soon as our helm was put aport the gunboat made the same move, 
bat turned at once toward ^e harbor, going very fast. We ran to the 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 215 

north waid and eastward, with all the port battery bearing on and firing 
at him, until he was well under the forts to the westward of the 
entrance. 

The battery to the eastward of the entrance of the h arbor, near the rains 
of the light-house, opened on as as soon as the ganboat sheered oat of 
range, we being at the time within 4,000 yards of it As the steamer 
was gradually drawing too far abaft the beam to use our port guns, the 
helm was pat hard aport and the ship swung around to the northward 
and westward, heading toward the gunboat again, which was lying dose 
ander the land near the entrance, and also toward the battery on the 
hill back of Sabanilla Point. 

The two batteries and the gunboat, assisted by another smaller boat 
which had come out early in the action, kept up an incessant fire on us 
until we approached within from 4,000 to 5,000 yards of the Sabanilla 
batteries, when I swung her again with the starboard helm so as to 
bring all our starboard guns to bear on the steamers again, and we soon 
drove both of the enemy's vessels into the harbor. 

I am of the opinion that, had it not been for the serious interference 
of the smoke with the fire of our guns, we would have destroyed the 
larger gunboat, notwithstanding the fire of the batteries. But the wind 
was light from the southward, and it was impossible to maneuver the 
ship so that the smoke did not hang close under our lee, not only shut- 
ting out the object, but also preventing our gun pointers from seeing 
the fall of their shot 

Notwithstanding the large number of shell which dropped near the 
ship, both from the batteries and from the gun vessels, I am glad to 
have to report only one casualty — that of S. P. Kennedy, landsman, who 
was struck by a piece of shell which entered the port of No. 8 gun, 
striking him in the shoulder and inflicting a serioas, but not necessarily 
dangerous, wound. 

From the firing of the larger vessel it could be seen that she had at 
least four guns in broadside, one forward, one afb, and two in waist. 
From the shell which dropped near us, I think two of them were 4-inch, 
or 4.7 guns. The battery on Sabanilla Point apparently had five or six 
guns, caliber unknown. 

The last shots we fired, after the steamers had disappeared up the 
haibor, were directed at Sabanilla battery, and one of them landed 
directly in it From a large volume of smoke that rose a few minutes 
later, when there was no evidence of a gun having been fired, it is 
tiioaght that some explosion had taken place in the battery. 
Very respectfully^ 

W. H. Bbownson, 

Commander^ Commatiding. 

The GoMMANDEB IN Ohisf n. S. Naval Fobce, 

North Atlantic Station. 



Naval Basb, Kby Wbst, 
U. S. Flagship Lancaster j June 14^ 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to inclose herewith, for the consideration of 
the Department, an extract from an official letter fix>m Gapt H. G.Tay- 
lor, U. S. N., commanding the Indiana. « 

Very respectfully, Obo. G. Bembt, 

Oommodorej Oommanding» 
The Sbobbtaby of thb Navt, 

Washington^ D. 0. 



216 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

U. S. 8. Indiana, 1st Rate, 

Off Key Weat, Fla,, June IB, 1898. 
Sir: • • • 

1. I have the liouor to report * * * 

2. * * * The Indiana looked into Sagaa la Grande at a diBtance of a few miles. 
This port is not at present covered by the proclamation of blockade, and appears to 
be very bnsy. A number of sohoonerSi small steamers, and other small craft lying 
Inside were seen, and a merchant steamer with English colors, of a size that would 
indicate 12 to 14 feet draft, and an armed tng with Spanish colors in one of the 
entrances were also seen. The town, which is the port of embarkation of Sagua la 
Grande, which is farther inland, connected by rail, also presents a busy and prosper- 
ous appearance. I respectfully suggest that a large flotilla of small craft, well armed, 
in company with the Uelenaj Wilmingionf and Ncahville class, whose draft would be 
suitable, and with one or two heavier armed ships to lie outside, could occupy this 
port without great loss, and its occupation would, in my opinion, do much to assist 
in such further operations as the Commander in Cuief and tne Government may con- 
template. 

Very respectftilly, 

H. C. TatloRi Captain, dmmanding. 
Commodore Gbo. Rbmbt, U. 8. N^ 

Commandina Naval Bate, Kejf Jrestf Fla, 



1288ia 

[DettmotioB of blockhouses and batteries.] 

U. 8. S. Dixie, June 24^ 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to make the following report covering the 
period Bince the Dixie left the flag on the morning of the 19th. 

I reached Gape Oruz the same evening, and craised off the entrances 
to ManzaulUo for twenty-four hoars. It is impossible for a ship of this 
size to pass inside the Gran Esperanza bank. The light-honse at Gape 
Gruz is deserted and the light discontinued. Owing to the difOlcalty of 
transporting goods over roagh roads, throngh a conn try partly infested 
with insurgent bands, it seems to me extremely unlikely that the enemy 
will attempt to land any considerable cargoes at Manzanillo. 

I left Gax>e Gruz after dark on the 20th. The next day I drove the 
garrisons i^m two blockhouses — one at the San Juan Kiver and the 
other at Ouayximico Eiver; the mouths of these rivers afford harbors 
for boats. At the second blockhouse they had one gun mounted, and 
at both there seemed to be a numerous garrison of riflemen. I was off 
Oienfuegos at 5 o'clock the 21st. There is an unfinished battery on the 
east entrance, constructed from the debris of the light-house. There is 
one gunboat under the Morro (the Oalicia)^ and there are probably 
several more in the upper haroor. The entrance is probably mined 
above the forts. There is a new battery on the hill above the Morro. 
These batteries did not fire, although I stood close in. 

On the 22d this ship was fired on by a gunboat lying inside the point 
at Gasilda. I returned tbe fire with a few shell, but owing to the dis- 
tance was unable to judge of the effect. Yesterday I stood as close 
in to Mana Aguilar Point as the reefs would permit and got within 2 
miles of the harbor. I could plainly see the ganboat over the tongue 
of land ; exchanged shots with her and struck her once; but it was very 
long range and the mark was indistinct. In the meantime another 
gunboat, which proved to be a very fast vessel, of, I should say, 500 or 
600 tons, armed with six guns, stood out of the harbor and fired at me 
across the reefs. Unfortunately I was unable to get within less than 
6,000 yards of him on account of the reef, but as soon as he was well 
clear of the point I opened on him. He immediately fled inside again. 



BUREAU OF KAVIGATIOK. 217 

I think he mast have been ronghly handled. He was nnder my fire 
about ten minutes and one of my shell careened him so far that I conld 
see the whole fiat of his deck. I believe this gunboat had come down 
from Manzanillo since the 21st. 

I hare been in daily communication with Commander Brownson, who 
leaves to day for Key West, 
I have seen no vessels approaching the coast. 

It is reported that there is a considerable fishing industry employing 
many vessels on the banks inside the Isle of Pines. Very light-draft 
vessels would be necessary to destroy this fieet, on which the enemy 
relies for a supply of food. The fishermen may be protected by gun- 
boats. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

O. H. Davis, 
Commander Commanding. 
Bear Admiral W. T. Sampson, U. 8. N., 

Commander in Chi^ North Atlantic Station. 



125743. 

[XBgac*BMBt of Tmnkm off OufldA Htfbor, Jano 90. 1808.] 

U. 8. 8. TANKKB (60), 

Of CienfuegoB, Cuba^ June 23^ 1898. 

Sir: I have to inform you that while lying to the southward and east- 
wanl of Cienfuegos on the morning of the 2^th instant a vessel was 
sighted to the eastward in the vicinity of Oasilda Harbor. 

I at once started in that direction and soon made her out to be a white 
steamer with one smokestack and two masts, answering very much to 
the description of the Purissima Concepei^n, were it not for the fact that 
the steamer in the harbor appeared to be much larger — she appeared to 
be at least 1,000 tons. I stood in within half a mile of the shore, near 
Mnlas Point, and fired a shot across her bows with a view to making 
her show her colors. This she foiled to do, but showed signs of getting 
ander way, when I opened fire on her at a distance of about 4,000 yards, 
which was the nearest I could approach to her. She at once got under 
way and stood to the eastward among the shoals and was soon out of 
range. I followed down the reef ontside for some distance, bat could 
not again get within range. 

Am toon as I opened on the steamer a vessel lying alongside of the 
wharf in Oasilda Harbor, apparently a hulk, and a very small gun- 
boat which had come out around the point at the end of Oasilda Harbor, 
opened fire on us, the latter at such long range that I did not consider 
it necessary to reply to it, as it was only a waste of ammunition. 

On the arrival of the Dixie in this vicinity on the 21st instant, I con- 
ralted the pilot whom Commander Davis had brought with him, but he 
said it was impossible to go to Masio Harbor — where I am inclined to 
think the steamer sought refuge — without the buoys to mark the shoals. 
Yesterday, however. I went down to Hlanco Key and sent in a boat 
with a view to sounding out the channel and bnoying it, but after some 
trial decided that it was impracticable to so mark the channel that it 
would bo pmdent to take a fiat fioored, unwieldy steamer of this size 
iotoit 

I think eoosiderable trade is carried on between Oasilda and the 
Tiefadty and Jamaica. To break it np entirely, light-draft steamers are 



218 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

I think, however, that Oienfuegos is practically closed since the 
arrival of the Yankee and the Diane off the port. 
1 am, Admiral, very respectfaUy, 

W. H. Bbownson, 
Commander^ Oammanding. 

The GoMMANDBB in Ohibf U. S. Naval Force, 

North Atlantic SiatUm. 



127253. 
125742. 

[Heport of capture of flsliing boats off Cape Francla.] 

U. S. S. Yankee (60), 
Key West, Fla., June 27, 1898. 

Sib: I have to inform you that the U. S. S. Dixie, under command of 
Commander G. H. Davis, arrived off* Oienfuegos on the evening of the 
2l8t instant, and informed me that I was at liberty to proceed at once 
to Key West for coal. Still having several days' supply of coal on the 
ship, I did not deem it advisable to take advantage of this until the 
evening of the 24th instant, when I started to the westward, intending 
to spend two or three days in the vicinity of the shoals to the westward 
of the Isle of Pines and in the Yucatan Channel. 

On the morning of the 26th instant, the second day after my arrival 
in the vicinity of the Isle of Pines, a serious case of diphtheria devel- 
oped among the crew, and for this reason I deemed it advisable to 
proceed at once to Key West, arriving there at 12.35 p. m. to-day. 

While off the Isle of Pines in the forenoon of the 25th instant, I dis- 
covered a number of small vessels anchored under Cape Francis, at 
the southwestern extremity of the island, stood in as close to the reef 
as possible, when one of them got under way and attempted to escape 
to the northward and westward, when a shot across her bows turned 
her back, and she again anchored near the others. 

Two boats, in charge of Lieutenant Cutler and Acting Ensign 
Dimock, who volunteer^ for the purpose, were sent in well armed with 
the object of bringing these vessels out, the Tanlcee standing in as 
close to the shoals as it was possible in order to protect them in case 
they were fired upon. They met with no opposition, however, and 
brought out the five vessels, all of which proved to be fishing boats 
from Batabaiio, their catch going to the Havana market. 

As I wrote you on the 2l8t instant, Colonel Zegueira, governor of 
Matanzas, with whom I communicated 15 miles west of Cienfuegos on 
that day, informed me that this fishing trade was the means for the 
principal food supply of Havana at present. The two men taken in 
one of the boats told me that they were fishing for the Havana mar- 
ket, and that all their fish went there. Under the circumstances, it 
being impracticable to take these small vessels to Key West, I deter- 
mined to destroy them, which was done. They had no official registers 
on board, and their names were the Nemesia, Lux, Jnointo, Masstielitaj 
and Amistad. 

While cruising along the reefs between the Isle of Pines and the 
west end of Cuba, on the 26th instant, quite a number of these boats 
could be seen far up on the shoals beyond the reach of our boats. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 219 

I again renew my suggestion that a light draft vessel, of some power, 
with one or two smaller vessels to act with her, be sent to this vicinity 
to break np this supply. 

On the evening of the 25th instant, abont sandowu, while we were 
destroying the fishing vessels, a small black steamer came down on the 
shoals within 5 or 6 miles of us. She appeared to be either a torpedo 
iKiat or a small gunboat, but the distance was too great to determine 
definitely. 

I shaU fill with coal and stores as rapidly as possible and resume my 
station ofi* Cienfuegos. 

I am. Admiral, very respectfully, 

W. H. BnowKSON, 
CammandeTj Commanding. 

The Commander in Chief U. S Naval Forge, 

North Atlantio Station. 



130302. 

[Blockade of Cienfaofot.] 

$ 

U. 8. 8. Detroit, 3d Rate, 
Off Cienfuegosj Cuba, July 10, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that in obedience to your order of 
the 24th ultimo (No. 8), modified verbally on the 27th ultimo, I pro- 
ceeded with the Detroit on the last-mentioned date to Baiquiri, Cuba, 
and filled up with water. As the buoys and dock were occupied by 
transports, which the quartermaster in charge refiised to move, the 
water was brought off in boats. 

Left Baiquiri late in the afternoon of the 28th ultimo, communicated 
with the Hornet off Cape Cruz on the morning of the 29th, and with the 
Dixie and Yankton about 10 miles from the entrance to Cienfuegos at 
10 a. m. on the 30tk. The Dirie returned to Cai>e Cruz and the Yankton 
mccompanied me to Cienfuegos, where the Helena was found. 

The Helena was sent to the eastward to blockade in the neighborhood 
of Trinidad, Tunis, and the northern entrances to passages among the 
r<*efs; the Yankton to take habitual station to the westward of entrance 
to Cienfuegos with occasional trips up the Gulf of Cazones toward* the 
passages to Batabano. 

During the afternoon I made as close an inspection as practicable. 
From aloft could detect in the inner harbor four large steamers flying 
Spanish colors— one with four masts and one smokestiick, one with 
three masts and one smokestack, and two with two masts and one 
amokcatack; also two fair-sized gunboats, the larger being, apparently, 
of the Ensenada class. I have since leame<l from the insurgents there 
are two large and three small gunboats in the harbor. The four-masted 
steamer was surrounded by Ughters and appeared to be discharging 
cargo. 

Work was being pushed on the fortification on the bluff back of 
Ca«tle Angeles. The guns c-ould not be detected. The work is too dis- 
tmot to admit of effective interference with our 5-inch battery. No work 
was in progress at Colorado Point. The works now there are little 
more than low breastworks for infantry, built from the remains of the 
light-house buildings; \yorts have been left, however, for artillery. I 
have seen only three guns; these seem to be on field mounts, and can 
be uioyed from place to place. I judge there is an army post in the 



220 fiUBBAU OF NAVIGATION. 

thicket back of the point, but have never seen more than half a dozen 
men at a time. 

I deemed it nnwise to attack Colorado Point unless further work 
on the defenses was attempted. The battery could, no doubt, be quickly 
silenced ; a few Spaniards would be killed, and a few atones knocked 
about, but repairs would be made in a night, and the main result, it 
appears to me, would be to render a close blockade with the number 
of vessels now here impossible, especially at night. At present they 
manifest no disposition to fire, although we are almost constantly 
within range. 

On July 2, during a rain squall, smoke was detected to the south- 
ward and westward, and the Yankton gave chase. LieutenantOom- 
mander Adams has already reported the facts. His description of the 
vessel, BO far as she could be seen, corresponds with the auxiliary 
cruiser Alfonso XII j except that she was not square-rigged forward. 
She probably also saw this vessel. It is impossible to say she may not 
have be^n one of the unarmed vessels of the same line. Nothing has 
been seen of her since, and nothing heard of her from vessels either to 
the eastward or westward. This is the only vessel not of a friendly 
character that has been seen outside. 

On the 8th the German cruiser Oeir appeared and requested per- 
mission to enter the harbor to take on four German refugees. This was 
granted. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, 

J. H. Dayton, 
OommaTiderf U. S. N.j Commanding. 

The Commander in Ohebp, F. S. Naval Forob, 

North Atlantic Station. 



124057. 

[Blookade of San Juan and enji^agement with Terror.] 

U. 8. S. St. Paul, 
At 8eay Lat. 2(P 35' ^., Long. 73^ 45' TT., 

June 28 J 1898. 

Stb : I have the honor to report the recent movements and operations 
of the 8t. Paulj including an engagement with the enemy off San Juan, 
Porto Rico. 

On June 19 the St Paulj having transferred many of her own stores 
and some arms and ammunition to other vessels, parted company 
with our squadron off Santiago de Cuba. Under orders from the Com- 
mander in Chief, I proceeded to San Juan, Porto Kico, to institute a 
blockade of that port. My orders included the information that the 
Yoseynitey Commander W. H. Emory, would soon join the St, Paul off 
San Juan, thus enabling me to proceed to New York for coal, the neces- 
sity for which would soon arise. The St Paul, with a view of inter- 
cepting Spanish vessels, proceeded at a moderate speed by the route 
south of Haiti and through the Mona Passage. She was unsuccessful 
in her search, and arrived off San Juan at 8 a. m., Wednesday, June 22, 
at which time the weather was clear, a strong trade wind was blowing, 
and the sea was moderately rough. 

At 12.40 p. m. of that day our emergency signal for manning the 
guns was sounded by direction of the officer of the deck, Lieut. J. A. 
Pattson. I went at once to the bridge, where I was shown a bark- 



BURKAU or ITAVIQATION. 221 

nggeA Spanish craiser making slowly oat of the entrance of San Jnan, 
with her head to the eastward. She was either the Infanta Isabel or 
Isabel 11^ which are sister ships of the Don Juan de Austria^ sank at 
Manila. The 8U Paul was lying without headway, head to the wind, 
which was east. She held her position, while the Spanish cruiser 
steamed slowly seaward, maneavco^, and opened fire at long range, 
nuder close protection of the shore batteries, which monnt a large num- 
ber of modern S-inch and 10-inch guns. None of the Spaniard's shot 
reached as on direct fire, although several may have passed over us on 
ricochet. The 8t Paul replied only by an occasional shell to test the 
range: nevertheless, the Spanish cruiser continued her ineffective fire. 

At 1 jp. m. a torpedo-boat destroyer, having the characteristic marks 
of the Terror and believed to be that vessel, came out of the harbor and 
steamed around the Morro to the eastward* The 8t. Paul then steamed 
very slowly to the eastward, parallel to the shore line of the city, keep- 
ing the Terror on such a bearing that in making a dash at the St. Paul 
she would be obliged to proceed in the trough of the sea. Our maneuver 
had the further object of throwing the Spanish cruiser completely out 
of range to the southward and westward while we engaged the Terror. 
About 1.20 p. m. the Terror j then nearly in reach of our heavier guns, 
the fire of which I was reserving, suddenly opened fire and steam^ for 
as at high speed, with the evident intention of making a dash to torpedo 
the 8t. Paul. The BU Paul held her position practic^ly without head- 
way, head to the eastward, and awaited the attack. When the Terror 
was 5,400 yards distant, the 8U Paul opened fire, the accuracy and 
volume of which were admirable. Although the distance was great, it 
was api>arent that our heavier shell were falling rapidly around the 
Terror and close to her. Suddenly that vessel helped up into the wind, 
broadside to the 8L Paulj as if injured, but kept up a fire from her 
battery, her shot foiling short. I was looking at her from the upper 
bridge with binocular glasses of great power, and at this time I saw a 
shell explode, apparently against her hull abafb the after smokestack. 
She immediately turned with port helm and stood in for the harbor at 
considerable speed, her behavior giving evidence of damage. Instead 
of standing in through the channel close to the Morro, whence she 
had issued to begin her attack, she fell a long distance to leeward. 
When down toward Cabras Island, she rounded to and stood to the 
southward and eastward toward the harbor, apparently not under 
good management. The Si^auish cruiser showed concern by standing 
in after her. 

I have since been informed from different sources that the Terror 
was taken in tow by two tugs on her arrival in the harbor, and that she 
was in a sinking condition. One informant said that she was grounded 
for safety and her crew sent ashore and pumps sent to her assistance. 
All accounts agree that she was struck three times, and that one of 
her engineers and one of her crew were killed. I have also been 
informed that others of her crew were wounded, that much damage was 
done, and that repairs were immediately begun and were continuing 
day and night. One shot is said to have raked her deck and another 
to have gone through her side into her after engine room. Her rudder 
or steering gear is said to have been injured. Although my informa- 
tion comes from persons who saw the exterior of the vessel after her 
retnro to the harbor, I have naturally not been able to get a technical 
description of her internal injuries. A large number of people were 
assembled on the high bluff of San Juan to see the engagement. 

Alter ^Jie Terror had renrhrd the harbor, the cruiser reapi>eared 



222 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

outside accompanied by a ganboat. Both stood round the Mono and 
continued slowly for a considerable distance to the eastward, well 
inshore and far beyond the range of the 8t PauVs guns. So well within 
the range of the San Juan batteries were they that I could see no reason 
for their maneuver except to decoy the 8U Paul within fire of the bat- 
teries. At this time the 8t. Paul was heading west, practically in her 
former position, but occasionally gathering slight headway to maintain 
the wind and sea directly astern. At 4.45 p. m. tlie SU Paul was turned 
and headed east, on a course nearly parallel to that which the Spanish 
vessels were apparently steering. Those vessels immediately turned 
and then retired to the harbor. During the entire affair the St. Paul 
maintained her position near the city. She was not hit. 

The Yosemiie arrived off San Juan on the afternoon of the 25th. 
I had intended to leave the blockade on the night of the 27th to pro- 
ceed to New York for coal, but, believing the blockade should be 
strengthened, I decided to so inform the Commander in Chief promptly 
while the Terror was repairing. Had I proceeded directly to New York, 
as intended, there would have been a long delay before the Yosemiie 
could be reenforced off San Juan. I therefore left San Juan on the 
26th, a day earlier than intended, and, with the coal thus reserved, pro- 
ceeded to the Mole, Haiti, and communicated my recommendation by 
cable to the Department and to the Commander in Chief. The 8t Paul 
arrived at the Mole at 2.50 p. m. on the 27th. No reply having been 
received by nie at 8 a. m.on the 28th, and, having been informed by the 
operator of the cable line at the MoTe that no reply had been received 
in New York up to 8 o'clock, I put to sea and proceeded north for coal 
and supplies according to my orders from the Commander in Chief. 

The rapid and accurate fire brought to bear on the Terror by the 
8t, Pauly whose crew has been under drill less than one month and a 
half against adverse conditions, reflects great credit on the execntiVe 
officer, Lieut Commander Wm. H. Driggs, and on the divisional offi- 
cers. Lieuts. J. M. Poyer, E. Osborn, Geo. Young, H. Dixon, and 
Ensigns C. 8. Bookwalter, W. V. N. Powelson, and A. L. Cowell. The 
8t* Paul, by reason of her great complexity of arrangement and the 
remoteness of many of her parts from the bridge, is a difficult and 
trying command in her present sphere of action. It therefore gratifies 
me greatly to find that her discipline and skill have been demonstrated 
to be good in emergency. 

Very respectfully, C. D. SiasBEB, 

Captain, U. 8. N., Commanding. 

The Secretary of the Navy. 



135349. 

( Parorable montioD of names of certain ofHcera who took part in engagement between St. Paul and 

Spanish torpedo boat Terror.] 

U. S. S. St. Paul, 
Philadelphia, Pa., August 25, 18D8. 

Sir: My attention has been called to the fact that in my report to 
the Department, dated June 28, on the engagement between the U. S. S. 
8t. Paul on the one side and a Spanish cruiser and a Spanish torpedo- 
boat destroyer on the other side, off San Juan, Porto Bico, June 23, 
1898, 1 did not mention the names of certain officers who were on the 
bridge. It is but natural that these officers should desire to be con- 
nected historically with that event 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 223 

Therefore I take pleasure in reporting that the following gentlemen 
were on the bridge with me at the time, in readiness for service, and that 
their bearing was entirely admirable: Lient. J. 0. Gillmore, U. S. K, 
navigator; Lieut. S. Nicholson Kane, IT. S. N., captain's aid and signal 
officer; Ensign O. P. Jackson, U. S. N., assistant navigator. 

Chief Engineer John Hanter, XT. S. N., whose position was one of 
great pros|>ective responsibility under the circumstances, should also 
be mentioned roost favorably. 

Although the 8t. Paul is an enormous ship, she has not a great 
battery. At the time of the action she underwent the novel experience 
of receiving and accepting the dash of the torpedo boat destroyer. 
Very respectfully, 

G. D. SiGSBEE, 

Captain^ U. 8. i\r., Commanding. 
The Seoebtaby op the Navy. 



136434. 

[DftBUfe sotUlDMl bj SpftDlth destroyer Hrrror ia enfagement wltb St Pami.] 

U. S. S. New Orleans, 
San Juan^ Porto RicOy September 27 ^ 1898. 

Sib : In compliance with the Department's letter No. 136434, 1 have 
the honor to submit the following reliable information in regard to the 
condition of the Spanish destroyer Terror after her engagement with 
the U. S. S. St. Paul. 

This information was obtained from an English engineer in charge 
of the gas works here, an intelligent and reliable man, who personally 
inspee^d the Terror aiter the engagement, and has now in his posses- 
sion various shattered pipes and pieces of plating which he took from 
the vessel. 

The Terror was hit but once by a large shell. This entered the star- 
board side amidships, about 1 foot above the water line, passed through 
the vessel and emerged about 1 foot below the water line on the port side. 
In its flight it completely wrecked the intermediate cylinder of the 
starboard engine, and the flying pieces of machinery instantly killed 
the chief engineer. An assistant engineer had his legs cut ofif by 
wreckage and died soon after reaching the hospital ashore. 

The hole in the port side caused the vessel to fill and list rapidly and 
she headed for port immediately upon receiving this shot, making about 
16 knots with her uninjured engine, until the rising water began to 
make her settle. As she came into the harbor a tugboat went alongside 
to hel[> her. Finding the Terror to be sinking fast she was run upon the 
Puntilla Shoal, which lies within the harbor. Here it was possible to 
bring the shot hole above the water line and to plug it. She was then 
floated and pumped out, this operation taking about two days. The 
authorities immediately started to repair her, which repairs took about 
one month to complete. 

Her total loss in this affair was 2 officers and 3 men killed, 7 men 
wounded. 

During this engagement the Terror did not have her 12pounder 
rapid-flre guns, these having been removed from her when she was at 
Martinique. It is alno stat^ that the eruiser Inabel II at no time dur- 
ing tlie aflEsir came close enough to the St. Paul to be able to use her 
giina. 



224 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

It has been said that the decks of the Terror were several times swept 
by fragments of shells and rapid-fire projectiles. 

The above information has been corroborated by other reliable i)er- 
sons resident here who witnessed the engagement and saw the vessel 
after her return. 

Very respectfully, W. P. Day, 

Lieutenant' Commander J U. 8. If.j Commanding Officer. 

The Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, 

N'avy Department^ Washingtony D. 0. 

[Indorsement ] 

F. S. Flagship New Orleans, 
San Juan^ Porto RicOj September 27^ 1898. 

forwarded for the information of the Department, with the statement 
that in addition to the injuries mentioned in the report, the steering 
gear was disabled, probably by the same shot that wrecked the engine, 
and it became necessary to steer from aft. 

W. 8. SOHLEY, 

Eear-Admiralj U. S. JT. 



124079. 

[Keceaiity for increasing nomber of blockading ressels off San Juan.] 

U. 8. 8. St. Paul, 
Mole St. Nicholas^ Haiti, June 27 ^ 1898. 

8iR : Instead of leaving the blockade of 8an Juan to-night to pro- 
ceed direct to New York for coal, in conformity with your order to me 
to proceed when necessity arose, I decided yesterday to come here 
instead, m order to recommend to you promptly an increase of the block- 
ading force off San Juan, where the Yosemite now remains alone, and 
where the St. Paul was alone before the Yosemite arrived. Had I. 
remained off San Juan until to-night my coal would not have brought 
me here and permitted me to go to Kew York also ; I therefore decided 
to sacrifice one day, in order that my recommendation to you should not 
be delayed for a number of days, as would have been the case had I 
proceeded direct to New York. 

It was immediately demonstrated to the St, Paul on her arrival off 
San Juan that she would not be permitted to approach the batteries 
undisturbed. In fact, Spanish war vessels endeavored to entice her 
under the batteries, which, as you know, are very heavy. 

I beg to respectfully suggest that the difficulties of blockading tbe 
single port of San Jnan are greater than those to be met in blockading 
Havana, where there are no Spanish war vessels and no torpedo-boat 
destroyers, and where ports are blockaded both to the eastward and 
westward, thus giving flank support. Vessels intending to run the 
blockade of Sun Juan can, ov^ing to the short length of Porto Kico 
east and west, make telegraphic communications with San Juan for 
advice with reference to the disposition of the blockading force, and 
this they can do within a few hours of their expected arrival at that 
port. This can be done by visiting the east and west anchorages of the 
island or St. Thomas, San Juan being well to windward in the trade 
region, and having no land influences to windward of it, the seas off 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 225 

that port are naturally continaonsly roagh day and night, making board- 
ing lK>th prolonged and difficult, especially for auxiliary crews. When 
a single vessel constitutes the blockading force she will oftentimes be 
compelled to make the visit close in to the port, where she will be 
uncommonly exposed to attack during the visit 

I was the more impelled to leave San Juan a day in advance of my 
original intention by my belief.based on reports from the harbor of San 
Juan, that the torpedo boat Terror could not, within the single day 
devoted to my visit here, repair the damage done to her by the St. Paul, 
in regard to which I refer you to another letter of this date. It is 
advisable to constantly keep the Terror in mind as a possible active 
force; but leaving her out of consideration, the services to be p^ormed 
by the Yosemitej of blockading a well-fortified port containing a force of 
enemy's vessels whose aggregate force is greater than her own, is an 
especially difficult one. If she permits herself to be driven away from 
the port, even temporarily, the claim may be set up that the blockade 
is broken. It was still more difficult for the 8L Paul when she was 
alone on the blockade. The SL PauP$ speed was reduced, by an acci- 
dent to her starboard engine, within two knots of the maximum speed 
of the Tosemite, That made but little difference, except in chasing, for 
the reason that she also had to maintain the blockade as against any 
force of the enemy. - 

I venture to suji^gest that, in order to make the blockade of San Juan 
positively effective, a consiaerable force of vessels is needed off that 
port, enough to detach some occasionally to cruise about the island. 
West of San Juan the coast, although bold, has outlying dangers, 
making it easy at present for blockade runners having local pilots to 
work in close to the port under the land during the night. 
Very respectfully, 

• 0. D. SiasBEE, 
Oaptainj U. 8. N.^ Commanding. 

The Skorbtaby of the Navt. 



128761. 

[Xngagainenta off Point MnAo and Casild*.] 

Ko. 1.] IT. S. S. Yankton, 

Off Oien/uegoSj June 30 j 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to report that, on June 29, 8.45 a. m., while 
off Oape Mnno, Cuba, making passage to Gasilda, the Eagle was passed 
close inshore and she was fired on by a battery of artillery masked in 
the hills. This ship stood in to her assistance, and at 8.50 opened fire 
at a distance of about 4,000 yards. Firing ceased at 9.15, the enemy's 
fire having been silenced. This ship was not struck, nor did any shots 
fall near her. Lieutenant Southerlaud, commanding the Eagle, reported 
to me after the action that one of our 4-inch sheUs had struck in the 
midst of the battery and apparently done much execution. The firing 
was quite deliberate and the crew seemed to be cool. 

Expended in this action twenty-one 4-inch common shell, sixty- 
eight 3* pounder. 

Casualties: Charles Wilson, landsman, slightly burned in faice by 

hot cartridge case. 

> 

* Beoeived withont signatnre ; name inserted at Department. 



226 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

On the afternoon of the same day, in company with the Dixiej we 
shelled one or two ganboats lying behind the reef at Gasilda. The 
fire was not returned, nor could I see that any damage was done to 
the enemy. 

Expended in this action four 4-inch armor-piercing shell, twenty- 
three 3-pounder, 

Very respectfully, J. D. Adams, 

Lieutenant- Oommander J U* 8. N.j Commanding. 

OOMMANDBB IN OHIBF U. S. KAYAJL FoBOE, 

North Atlantie Station, 



130281. 

[Bngftgement between BagU and SpAnish oayelry off Rio Hondo.] 

U. 8. S. Eagle, 
Off Oienfuegos, Cuha^ June 29 ^ 1898. 

Sm : I have the honor to report that this vessel was in an engagement 
with a force of Spanish cavalry off the mouth of Bio Hondo this forenoon. 

At 6 o'clock this a. m. this vessel arrived off the mouth of the Bio 
Hondo, about 23 miles to the southward and eastward of Oienfuegos 
light-house, for the purpose of landing a captain and two privates of the 
Cuban army, by order of Oommander 0. H. Davis, IT. 8. N., command- 
ing U. 8. 8. Dixie and senior ofiQcer present. 

At 8.30, while cruising back and forth near the river's mouth, await- 
ing the appearance of a Ouban force in answer to our steam whistle sig- 
nals, shots from the shore were heard and projectiles were seen to strike 
the water short of us. No signs of an enemy could be seen for about ten 
minutes, several shots in the meantime having struck the water within 
50 yards of us, when a large force of cavalry was sighted on a plateau 
back of the beach. This vessel immediately opened fire with her star- 
board forward and after O-pounders and Coitus automatic. The first 
shot fell in the midst of a large group of the enemy and must have done 
considerable execution. It caused them to mount and proceed at full 
speed toward the interior. 

In tiie meantime the Yanktonj which was passing outside of this 
vessel, bound to Trinidad, was signaled as to what was going on. 8he 
joined this vessel and opened fire, making very good shooting. 

The fire was continued from both vessels until the enemy diiN^ppeared 
over a ridge some 5,000 yards distant. 

Shortly after our fire ceased the Dixie came near and I reported all 
the circumstances to Oommander Davis, and also that we had just seen 
another body of men some distance back of the beach. 

He then directed me to land the Cubans at a point 13 miles to the 
westward of Oienfuegos, for which place this vessel was immediately 
headed. 

Shortly after leaving the Dixie she opened fire on the shore, from 
which I presume another body of the enemy had appeared. 

Eighty six Opounder A. P. shells were fired during the action. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHESLAND, 

Lieutenant^ U, 8. N'.y Commanding. 

The OoMMANDEB IN Ohibf U. S. Kaval Fobob, 

North Atlantic Station. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 227 

12579a 

[Biport of aBgafemeiit of ** HiH** al MMimanllto.] 

IT. 8. 8. Hist, 
Off Santiago de OttbOj July 2y 1898. 

Sm : I have the honor to report that, in obedience to yoar orders of 
the 29th nltimo, I proceeded with this vessel nnder my command to 
Cape Oraz, sonth of Oaba, arriving there early the next morning. The 
U. S. 3. Wompatuekjjinder the command of Lieutenant Jan gen, arrived 
about the same time. 

The IT. 8. 8. Hometj under the command of Lieutenant Helm, was 
cruising off the Gape. 

Finding I was the senior officer present, I opened your oommunica- 
tion in regard to the stopping of the inside traffic west of Gape Graz 
and in Manznnillo, and to make a reconnoissance as early as possible. 

With an excellent Gnban pilot on board, I immediately made plans 
accordingly, and, after sending the Hornet to take possession of a 
schooner that was trying to make her way inside, the three vessels were 
formed in column at half distance, with the Hist leading and the Hornet 
in the rear, a formation that was maintained throughout the day, 
except as hereinafter mentioned. 

The schooner was anchored, and found to be the Niekeraonj said to 
be English, but she was loaded with provisions, and had four Spanish 
subjects on board in addition to her crew. 

The Hornet being short of officers and men. Ensign McDougall and 
one man from this ship and one from the Wompatuckj all arm^, were 
placed on board to relieve those from the Hornet. 

Elnsign McDougall was given instructions to take possession of her 
log; papers, and hold all on board, as well as the vessel, until the 
amval of another of our ships, or until our return. 

In the meantime Lieutenant Percell in the Osceola had been given 
instructions to proceed to and watch the entrance to the Quatros 
Keales Ghannel to prevent any vessel from escaping. The column 
then, at 8.15 a. m., entered the Azuraga pass at a uniform speed of 10 
knots. Upon turning the point that opened out Niguero Bay, I made 
out a Spanish gunboat at anchor under the blockhouses of the army on 
shore. There not being enough water for the Wompatuck to enter the 
bay, she was directed to remain in the channel to prevent the gunboat's 
escape behind the key. The Hornet was directed to follow this vessel 
at close distance, and we headed in. 

The gunboat made an effort to hide behind the point that we after- 
wards found to be alive with soldiers, our approach evidently Iiaving 
been signaled from the heliograph on the West Gay. 

With the aid of the pilot and the lead, we succeeded in getting well 
into the bay and uncovered the gunboat. We immediately opened fire, 
which was returned by a machine gun aft and a 3-pounder in the bow 
of the gunboat at a distance of 1,500 yards. The Hist got aground 
close in, as did the Hornet^ which at first interfered with the range of 
the Homefs guns, but they soon got afloat. 

The third gun from the 3-pounder of the Hist struck her stern and 
sQenced the machine gun aft By this time a perfect ftisillade of small 
arms opened on us finom the wooded point at a distance of not more 
than 4CK> yards, but they were soon silenced by the Maxim 37-millimeter 
and a few well directed shots fh>m the 3 and 6 pounders. 

The gunboat, finding she could not make her escape in tliat direction, 
steamed deliberately across the harbor, under cover of the shore and 
ahoal water, keeping up a continuous fire from her 3-pounder. She "''*'* 



228 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

Lit by both of oar vessels repeatedly, and, in a crippled coDdition, got ii 
beliind one of the smaller keys, which, however, did not conceal her, 
and a shot from the 3-poander of this vessel striking her amidships she 
blew np. 

The fire of the gunboat was too high, bat during the action both of 
our vessels were repeatedly struck by the smaU-arm fire from the 
ambuscade. 

We had no casualties. 

Having completed the destruction of this vessel, the column re-formed, 
and, after passing through Balandras Channel, headed for Manzanillo. 

The heliograph tower on the key was shelled in passing. 

On the way up, a sloop with soldiers on board was discovered close 
inshore, and a few shells drove them on shore and to the bush. 

Passing to the left of Giva Keys, we headed in and opened up the 
harbor of Manzanillo. Upon a nearer approach, we discovered that 
instead of four small gunboats, as mentioned in your instructions, we 
found a crescent formation of nine vessels stretched across the harbor, 
close inshore. A large torpedo boat, on the right in entering, and a 
good-sized gunboat on the left, with three smaller gunboats in the mid- 
dle, all armed with machine [: .ns and 3 and 6 pounders. On the right 
the line was flanked by a big smoothbore gun on Gaimauera Point, and 
on the left by four large pontoons, armed with 6-inch smoothbore guns 
that did effective work in the fight which followed. 

To the rear the line was supported by a heavy battery of field artil- 
lery on the water front and several big guns in a fort on the hill, while 
the shore line for over 2 miles in length was lined with soldiers, who 
kept up a fusillade of small arms during the entire fight. 

I rounded Oaimanera Point and headed directly into the harbor, and 
when within 1,000 yards of the large torpedo boat I opened the fight 
with the bow 3-pounder, and putting the helm astarboard, and just 
turning over, brought the broadside guns into action, and, followed by 
the other two vessels, passed along the entire front. 

We commence<l action at 3.20 p. m. and came out at 5, thus being 
under a heavy fire from the enemy for one hour and forty minutes. 
Mpst of the enemy's shot passed over, while ours had a tendency to fall 
short. However, they had our range very accurate, and succeeded in 
striking this vessel eleven times, one of which passed clear through the 
engine-room hatch and another exploded inside the hatch, both taking 
effect within a few inches of the main steam pipe, which certainly would 
have been damaged had it not been well protected by bales of waste 
and a lot of cork fenders. Another shot plowed up the deck of the 
bridge. 

The Hornet was struck a number of times, one shot cutting the main 
steam pipe shortly after going into action, disabling her. Notwith- 
standing this accident she gallantly kept up an uninterrupted fire after 
and during the time she was being towed out by the Wompatuck. 

In this crippled condition she succeeded in sinking one gunboat and 
a sloop loaded with soldiers. 

The Wompatuck was struck several times, once near the water line, 
going clean through her. 

As soon as I saw the steam escaping from the Hornet I signaled the 
Wompatuck^ that was close to her, to toke her in tow, and Lieutenant 
Jungen deserves great credit for the coolness and manner in which he 
handled his vessel under a galling fire as he came to the rescue. 

The Hist backed down to render assistance, and was signaled <^No 
further aid needed," whereupon she was headed in for the large pou- 
t<»on that was doing serious work with the old 6-inch smoothbore guns. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 229 

and in a abort while we landed a shell that set fire to the old pontoon 
and burned her. 

With the exception of the above-mentioned damages sustained, we 
soffered no further, and the only casnalties are three men scalded by 
escaping steam on the Hornet^ while the enemy lost one gonboat, a 
sloop loaded with soldiers, and a pontoon, with the large torpedo boat 
disabled and several gunboats seriously injured, and without doubt 
they sustained quite a loss of life. I made a careful reconnoissance of 
the harbor, and found the Puri^ima ConcepeidUj a large steamer, tied 
up to one of the two very large side-wheel transport, the names of 
which are the Ohria and Jose Oareia. These three vessels were inside 
the line of boats and flew no flags. Inside of them, and close inshore, 
were a number of schooners and smaller craft 

Our approach to Manzanillo had undoubtedly been reported by tele- 
graph from Kiguero, and they were prepared to meet us, and as we 
slowly steamed off to the northward a gun concealed on one of the Man- 
zanillo keys opened fire on us, but was soon silenced by a few well- 
directed shots. The enemy, though keeping up a continuous fire as we 
drew off, made no effort to follow us, and I leisurely proceeded to an 
anchorage for the night, the Hornet being in tow of the Wompatuck. 

In conclusion, I would suggest that in order to put an eflScient stop 
to the inside traffic in those waters this stronghold of Manzanillo should 
be destroyed, and it will take a much larger force than I had at my 
oommand to accomplish it. 

I would fiirther suggest that an attacking squadron should approach 
the harbor from the Quatro Beales Ghannel, as by that route fully 20 
feet can be carried, whereas only 18 feet can be carried through the 
Balandras Channel; besides through the latter there is means of tele- 
graphing from Xiguero to Manzanillo the approach of any vessel, 
whereas the northern shore, from nearby Santa Gruz del Sur to Jobabo, 
is in the hands of the insurgents. 

I inclose herewith a plan of the disposition of the forces at the battle 
of Mansanfllo. 

Before closing this report, I desire to call the attention of the Com- 
mander in Ohief and the Department to t^e brave, energetic, cool, and 
efficient manner in which all the officers and men acted under fire, for 
which they deserve not only the praises of the Commander in Chief and 
the Department, but the plaudits of the American people. 

We had two engagements in one day with the enemy, the latter of 
which was as hard a fight as ever vessels engaged in, and without the 
loss of a single man we fully accomplished the task designated by your 
order of the 29th ultimo. 

I am, respectfully, Lugien Young, 

Lieutenantj U, S. N.y Commanding. 

Bear-Admiral W. T. Sampson, XJ. S. N., 

Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Forces on N. A. Station, 



127210. 

(Report «f eogageneot »fc LimoTM and llaDBanlUo.] 

U. S. S. IIOBNET, 

Off Cape Oruzy Cuba, July i, 1898. 

SiK: In compliance with United States Navy Kegulations, paragraph 
No. 437, 1 have the honor to report as follows: 
Yesterday morning, in obedience to instructions from Lieut. Lur 



230 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

Young, n. S. "S.y commanding XJ. S. S. Bistj and tben senior officer 
present off Cape Oroz, the Hornet proceeded in rear of Hist and Worn- 
patuek to the northward and eastward for the purpose of making a 
reconnoissance of the cays, etc., as far as Manzanillo. 

Arriving off Neqnero Bay, a small Spanish gunboat was sighted 
coming from behind one of the cays. The Hist and Hornet headed in 
for her and were fired on by musketry from woods of cay. Both 
ships proceeded as far in as their draft would permit and opened 
fire on woods and gunboat. The musketry fire was soon silenced. 
The gunboat headed along shore, firing on us all the time. Several 
shots from both ships were observed to strike her, and she was run in 
behind a point and apparently beached, perhaps blown up. The Span- 
ish flag was conspicuous till near the end, when it could not be seen. 
The Hornet fired forty-seven 6-pounder shells and about one hundred 
rounds from rifles. 

Proceeding on to Manzanillo, the three vessels entered harbor in 
original order. 

Some five to six armed vessels, drawn up in column, were observed, 
also numerous soldiers on shore at many points apparently manning 
field batteries, and others with rifles. 

The Hornet opened fire on all as soon as in position, and some three 
or four 6-pounder shots were observed to strike gunboats. 

When opposite center of lines afloat and ashore and shells were strik* 
ing thick and fast all around, our main steam pipe was cnt by a shell 
and the whole inside of vessel filled with hot steam, 

Notwithstanding the then helpless condition of ship the fire of the 
battery was not slackened, the men passing ammunition through the 
steam, and soon a 6-ponnder shell was seen to strike and sink one of 
the small gunboats. Ensign Earle, Chief Yeoman Pierce, Chief Master- 
at-Arms Smith, and several others seeing her go down stern first. 

Another 6-pounder shell was seen to strike a second gunboat, appar- 
ently silencing her fire. 

While firing toward shore with starboard battery a small sloop loaded 
with soldiers sailed up on port side and opened fire on us with rifles. 
A shot from port 6 pounder struck her fairly amidships and sent her to 
the bottom. 

The Hornet was then drifting near shoals. The Wompatuck turned, 
came alongside, and towed Hornet out of action, following lead of senior 
officer present. The Wompattu:k and Hornet all the time firing every 
gun that would bear on enemy. 

Lieut. Carl Jungen, IT. S. N., commanding Wonipatuckj can not be 
given too much credit for this performance. 

The Hornet fired one hundred and sixty-two 6-pounder sheila, ninety- 
three 47-millimeter, and one hundred seventy-four l-pounders, and 
about four hundred rounds of rifle ammunition. 

All of our gun captains being expert shots, I think the Spaniards 
know where some of it landed. 

The Hornet was struck many times — once through bulwarks, hatch 
combing, and steam pipe, once in after deck house, once starboard 
quarter, twice through bridge screen, and several times on armor belt 
by ricochet or expended shells. 

F. Madsen, fireman, first class; S. Bakke, fireman, second class, 
and P. Griffin, oiler, were scalded; Bakke seriously. Madsen*has his 
feet and legs badly scalded; Griffin's arm slightly. Otherwise there 
were no casualties, though a shell struck ammunition box under one of 
the gon captains, and a shell passed through bridge screen between 



BURSAU OF NAViOATIOK. 231 

Ensign Earle and myself^ who were not 3 feet apart, and equally near 
men at wheel. 

The Hornet was short I officer and 6 men, who had been sent to Key 
West in prizes. 

Ensign Fewel had charge of the battery, Ensign Earle conned ship. 
I can not mention others without mentioning all. All are deserving of 
praise. 

The Wompatuekj in coming alongside, smashed a boat and rail slightly, 
I deeming it better to let boat go than take men from guns to rig in. 
Our light bulwarks and deck houses are dilapidated th>m concussion 
of our own guns. 

I estimate that Romet was in action about forty-flve minutes. Her 
steam pipe was out about ten minutes after action began, but used her 
battery to the end of the fight 

Very respectfully, J. M. Hxlm, 

Lieutenantj U. & N.j Commanding. 

Bear- Admiral W. T. Sampson, 17. S. K., 

Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Foroe^ 

North Atlantic Station. 



12725a 

(lBiig»c«iiMBt of W^mp^tmek at HaiiBUifllo, Jaae M, 18M.) 

U. 8. 8. WOMPATUOK, 

Off Cape Crm^ Cuba^ July i, 1898. 

Sib: In aooordance with article 437 of the United States Navy Reg- 
ulations, I have t^e honor to make the following report of the partici- 
pation of this vessel in the reoonnoissanoe made on June 30, 1898, in 
company of the Hist and Hometj in the harbor of Manzaiiillo, Cuba, viz : 

The Wompatuch followed the lead of the Hist into the harbor of 
ManzaniQo, arriving at the entrance at 3.15 p. m. 

The vessels not^ by me as being in the harbor, and evidently 
prepared to receive us, were one torpedo boat and three small gun ves- 
sels, mounting a bow and stem gun each. These were under way. 
One old steam cruiBer and one old sailing vessel (probably a guard ship) 
were moored so that their batteries commanded the harbor entrance 
and front. The gun vessels and torpedo boat were under way and in 
column, heading about in the same way that we headed when we ran 
by. In addition to the floating defenses, a number of field pieces had 
been run down to the water front — exact number I could not state, 
but four were seen before any flbring began. From the reception we 
met with, I judged that twenty guns of 3 and 6 pounder caliber, were 
directed upon us, in addition to one 6-inch B. L. B. and some 8 or 9 inch 
smoothbores. 

As soon as the Hist got within range of the gun vessels they opened 
fire, to which she promptly replied. The Wompatuek opened fire at 
2,000 yards, the range varying from that to 1,800 yards, never less. 

The fire of the enemy was a galling one and very fair, as the hits 
which tiie vessels on our side received prove. 

After firing seven rounds from the bow 3-pounder of this vessel, 
the pedestal sheared the rivets of the holding-down flange, throwing 
this gun out of action. In order to bring both of the stern guns to 
bear, starboard helm had to be used, and the risk of grounding had to 
be taken. This threw the Wompatuch out of oolumn, but it enabled 
her to keep up a brisk flre and a well directed one. 



232 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

The firing began at 3.25 p. m. and practically ceased at 4.20, as 
after that time only a few scare shots were fired to discourage the 
enemy from pursuing us. 

Shortly after the Hornet got well into action she received a shell 
through her steam pipe disabling her, though she continued turning 
her engines over and ranged ahei^. 

Seeing that she was disabled, I stopped and backed down to her 
and handed her a towline which I had prepared on clearing for action. 
The towline was not well secured on the Hornet^ and as soon as a strain 
was brought upon it it rendered around the capstan, and the Wwnpor 
tuck was obliged to stop and back again, and at the suggestion of 
Lieutenant Helm, the Wompaituik was placed alongside of the Hornet^ 
though this masked nearly all the guns on her engaged side. During 
this performance the Wompatuok fired her stern guns all the time, as 
did the Hornet. 

While taking the Hornet in tow the Wompatuck grounded, but easily 
got off. 

When the enemy discovered that the Wompatuck was taking the 
Hornet in tow, the fire of the enemy was concentrated upon these two 
vessels. Until the tow could be got under way the fire of the enemy 
was hot and very uncomfortable, and it was during this time that the 
Wompatiiok was hit three times and a 6-inch shell exploded near her 
quarter. The hits were as follows : One shell, 3 or 6 pounder, struck pilot- 
house rail, bending it and cutting half way through and exploding; 
one shell passed over deck house, within 4 feet of where I was stand- 
ing, and through the port metallic boat, ripping out two thwarts and 
cutting the oars and boat hooks in two; a third shell struck the star- 
board quarter above the guard and glanced off; neither of the last two 
exploded. 

As the tow was steaming away, a sloop loaded with soldiers appeared 
on the unengaged side from under the key and opened small arm fire on 
the two vessels. A well-directed 6-pounder from the Hornet sunk her. 

During the action, which lasted 55 minutes, one gun vessel was sunk 
and one disabled. 

The Wompatuck received no damage, except to her port boat, and there 
were no casualties. 

In closing this report, it gives me great pleasure to commend to 
your favorable notice the conduct of Mate Frederick Muller for his 
cooluess, and for the prompt execution of all orders at a critical time. 
Xor can I speak too highly in praise of the crew, every man of which 
stood to his post, and that under a most galling fire. They conducted 
themselves with honor to themselves, their country, and their flag. 

The hull and equipment of the vessel are in a generally good condi- 
tion, but the boiler and engine require a general overhauling as soon 
as circumstances will permit. 

Ammunition expended yesterday, 221 rounds 3-pounder. 
Very respectfully, 

C. W. JuNGEN, Commanding. 

OOMMANDBB IN OHIEF U. S. NAVAL FoROE, 

North Atlantic Station. 



BUREAU OF NAYIQATION. 233 

128727. 

[PMt Uktm hj Aorpion la engaffemeBt at IfanMmllk Jaly L] 

U. S. S. Scorpion (26), 
Off ManzaniUoy Cuba^ July i, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that at 4 p. m. to-day, and imme- 
diately after our arrival off this port, the Scorpion and Osceola entered 
the harbor to attack the four Spanish gunboats that were seen inside. 

After entering the harbor between the second and third sonthem- 
mo6t of the Manzanillo cays, we went ahead full speed; and when 
about 2,000 yards from their vessels and about 1,400 yards firom the 
shore abreast of us, 5 vessels, 5 shore batteries, and musketry all 
along the shore opened fire upon us simultaneously, and kept up an 
incessant fire throughout the whole engagement. They seemed to have 
plenty of ammunition. 

The firing of the enemy was good throughout; too high at first, but 
n^idly improving. After we had been under fire about twenty min- 
utes they had evidently got our range, and shot and shell struck all 
around and between both vessels. At this time I decided to turn 
around and steam out. We were then less than 1,000 yards from the 
•horei and the Oatling gun of the Osceola was doing good work to keep 
down the musketry fire. 

Our flriuff was deliberate, and must have done considerable damage; 
bot we oould not get at the gunboats because they kept in shoal water 
and careAiIly kept bows on, presenting very small targets. One of our 
5-inch shells was seen to strike the receiving ship square in the bows. 
I regret that we could not steam right past the city and endeavor to 
sink the gunboats as we went along; but we knew nothing about the 
channels and had to return by the one we had found by the use of the 
lead and die appearance of the water. 

We were opposed by 5 vessels, viz, I receiving ship, housed over, 
with guns forward, I gunboat or about 1,000 tons, 2 of fix)m 300 to 
400 tons, and 1 very small gunbcmt On shore by 5 batteries, the prin- 
etpal one being above the city, about halfway up the hill. This was 
the only one we made out before we entered the harbor. Three other 
batteries were along the water front between us and the city, and the 
fifth one abreast of our entrance. I do not believe that they had any 
modem guns of large caliber; but they certainly had some large guns 
and quite a number of smaller modem guns. 

It was remarkable that no one was struck and neither ship hurt. 
This ship was strack on the outside, slightly, in twelve places; the 
nose of a shell entered the galley, and the deck was torn in several 
places by pieces of shelL 

After leaving the harbor we remained outside, close to the entrance, 
until dark, but they did not come out 
Very respectfully, 

A. Marit, 
Lieutenant' Commander y U. 8. N.j Commanding. 

The SsinoR Officter, 

Blockading Station^ off Cape Cruz. 



234 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

No. 1.] U. S. Flagship New Yoek, 1st Bate, 

Off Santiago de Cuba, July 13^ 1898. 

Sie: I acknowledge the receipt of your report of July 2, and desire 
to commend tbe conduct displayed by the officers and crew of the 
Scorpion during the engagement in the harbor of Mauzanillo. 
Very respectfully, 

W. T. Sampson, 
Rear-Admiral^ U, 8, N.y 
Commander in Chief U. S. Naval Force^ North Atlantic Station^ 

OOMMANDING OfFIOEE, 

U. S. S. Scorpion. 



12872& 

[Engagement *of Otetola at ManEanillo, Cnba, July 1.] 

T7. S. S. Osceola, 
Off ManzanillOj Cuba^ July 2j 1898. 

SiE : I respectfully submit the following report of the engagement 
yesterday with the batteries and gunboats of the enemy: 

At 4.25 p. m. the Osceola passed between the cays, sounding and 
heading southeast toward Oaimauera Point, with the Scorpion a little 
on her port quarter. After getting inside the Manzanillo Channel the 
American ensign was broken at the fore and a gun fired to leeward. 

The Scorpion then took the lead. At this time four Spanish gunboats 
were close in shore along the southwest water front of the city. A 
Spanish receiving ship was moored a short distance northwest of them. 
No batteries ashore were visible. A sharp lookout had been main- 
tained to observe this. 

At 4.28 p. m. we went ahead, in company with the Scorpion, at full 
speed steering directly for the gunboat nearest Oaimanera Point. 

At 4.32 p. m. that vessel opened fire and was immediately followed 
by the other war vessels and five masked batteries from shore. Three 
of them along the water front, one back of the city, and another at 
Caimanera Point. The order was at first given to fire at the gunboat 
at 1,500 yards range. The engines were then slowed, stopped, and 
backed, then stopped and moved afterwards at various speeds. The 
first shot fell short and the range was increased to 2,000 yards and so 
maintained until we retired at 4.55 p. m., firing until the enemy ceased 
firing. 

The two 6-pounders forward and 3-pounder afb were directed against 
the gunboats and city battery nearest us. The gatling was directed 
against the battery at Oaimanera Point, and common shells from the 
3-pounder were also fired there at 1,000 yards range. Aft^ 14 shells 
had been fired from the 3-pounder it became disabled. 

The through-deck bolts of gun mount were nearly all broken off, and 
the lagging bolts barely kept the gun mount from toppling over after 
firing had ceased at that gun. These broken iron bolts were replaced 
last night by new steel bolts. 

The fire of the enemy was well directed, and incessant shot, shell, 
and shrapnel fell about this vessel continuously, but no hits were made. 
No one was injured. In company with the Scorpion the Osceola with- 
drew at 4.55 p. m.,as it was quite evident we could not induce the gun- 
boats to fight, except under cover of masked shore batteries. The 
batteries are evidently equipped with a few 4-inch, some 6-inch, and 
6-pouuder B. F. guns. 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 235 

The Gaimanera battery was compelled to cease firing. A sizth bat- 
tery, on one of the cays soathwest of where we entered, fired, but the 
shots fell short 

The Osceola fired 78 A. P. shell from the Gponnders and 14 common 
shell from the 3-ponnder. The gatling fired one cylinder of .45 caliber 
at the Gaimanera battery. 

I saw one screw and two large side-wheel steamers alongside the 
wharves, and abont twenty smaller vessels, mostly two- masted schooners. 

I am of the opinion that with two additional vessels of abont the 
same battery as the Scorpion and Osceola they can capture or destroy 
all the vessels in the harbor. 

Very respectfully, J. L. Puboeix, 

Lieutenant^ U. S. If.^ Commanding. 

The GOKMANDINO Offiosb, 

17. S. 8. Scorpion, 

No. 2.] U. S. Flagship Nbw York, 1st Batb, 

Off Santiago de Cuba, July 13, 1898. 

Sir: I acknowledge receipt of your report of July 2, and desire to 
commend the conduct displayed by the officers and crew of the Osceola 
during the engagement in the harbor of Manzanillo. 
Very respectfully, 

W. T. Sampson, 
Rear-Admiral, U. 8, J^., Commander in Chief, 

U, 8. Naval Force, North Atlantic Station. 

GOMMANDING OFFICER, 

U. 8. S. Osceola. 



128762. 

(Beport of chase of stMiner off Cienfoegoa.] 

No. 3.] U. 8. S. Yankton, 

Off Cienfuegos, July 3, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that on July 2, about 3.30 p. m., I 
sighted a smoke bearing south-southwest and gave chase. At 4 p. m. 
the steamer, which up to this time had been heading for Gienfuopros, 
turned at first to the eastward and then to the southward and west- 
ward, and steamed away from us. I was able plainly to see that she 
had four masts, and two smokestacks between the second and third 
masts. The two forward masts seemed to have heavy crosstrees. I 
chased her for two hours, but she was evidently making about 15 knots, 
whOe we were making only 12. As there was no possibility of our 
overhauling her I turned back and reported the occurrence to the com- 
manding officer of the Detroit. 

This vessel answers to the description, furnished me by Commander 
Dayton, of the Spanish auxiliary cruiser Alfonso XII, but I am at loss 
to understand why, if this were the case, she did not show fight, unless 
she mistook us for a heavily armed gunboat. 

Very respectfully, J. D. Adams. 

fjieutenant-Cemmander, U. 8. N., Commanding. 

The GoMMANDER IN Ohief U. S. Naval Force, 

North Atlantic Station. 



236 BUBBAU OF NAVIGATION. 

13030& 

[U. S. S. Eajli : Beport of having sighted and chaaed » 4-ma8ted steamer.l 

IJ. S. S. Eaole, 
Off Isle ofPineSj Ouha^ July 5, 1898. 

SiB: At 5.05 tliis moniing, when about 10 miles west of Gape Pepe, 
Isle of Pines, bound to Eosario Channel, a large 4-masted steamer 
with two smokepipes was sighted to the southward, standing to the 
northward and westward. 

The Eagle gave chase immediately, and a few moments later tlie 
steamer altered her course to the southward almost at right angles 
and commenced to run away. She continued on this southerly course 
for over 10 miles, when, it becoming apparent that she was slowly 
dropping the Eagle^ she commenced to edge away to the westward, and 
at the end of the chase was heading about west by north, a good coarse 
for San Antonio. 

The Eagle chased her for a distance of 59 miles. 

There was nothing shown to indicate her nationality. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHBBLAND, 

Lieutenant^ U. 8. JV., Commanding, 

The Commander in Chief of IT. S. Naval Force, 

North Atlantic Station. 



126014. 
12599& 

[Eeport of deatmction of a blockade ninner at Mariel.] 

U. S. S. Prairie, 
Off Havana^ Ouba^ July 5, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that at half past 10 on the morning 
of July 5, 1898,1 being the senior officer present of the Havana block- 
ading force, the commanding officer of U. S. S. Hawk came on board 
and reported to me that on the preceding night a large four-masted 
steamer was observed by him attempting to run the blockade and 
enter Havana; that as soon as she caught sight of the Hawk she 
turned and steamed down the coast to the westward, pursued by the 
Hawk, Upon reaching the entrance to the harbor of Mariel she 
attempted to enter the harbor, and in so doing ran high and dry on the 
beach on the west side of the entrance. The commanding officer of the 
Hawk sent a boat toward her, but the boat was fired upon, both from 
the shore and from the steamer, and was forced to return. The com- 
manding officer of the Hawk reported the circumstances to the com- 
manding officer of U. S. S. Castinej the nearest blockading vessel, and 
was ordered to report to me by him. The commanding officer of the 
Ca^tine immediately proceeded to the spot and shelled the vessel, set- 
ting her on fire. Upon receiving the report from the commanding offi- 
cer of the Hawk I proceeded with this vessel to the place and found 
the steamer burning fiercely, and opened fire upon her with my port 
battery to complete her destruction. While so doing I was fired upon 
by a small gunboat from the port of Mariel, but her guns were too 
small to do any harm. 

It was impossible to obtain the name, nationality, or cargo of the 
vessel, as the beach was guarded by several companies of soldiers, with 
some pieces of light artillery. 



BURBAU OF NAVIGATION. 237 

I directed the oommandiug officer of the Oastine to remain an til the 
steamer was totally destroy^. 

While she was burning there was a heavy explosion in the forward 
part of the vessel, from which I conclude that she had some explosive 
material in her cargo. 

The commanding officer of the Hawk deserves to be commended for 
his watchfulness and celerity. 

Very respectfully, 0. J. Train, 

Commander^ Commanding^ and Senior Officer FresenU 

The SSGBSTABY OF THE NaVY. 



[Beport of d««tiiictloii of blookade nuin«r off Hmriel.] 

U. 8. S. Hawk, 
Off Havana^ Cuba, July 5, 1898. 

Bib : I have the honor to submit the following report of the chase and 
destruction of a large steamer of about 6,000 tons, painted black, with 
four masts and two smokestacks, that attempted to run the blockade 
on the night of July 4: 

At 11.^ p. m., July 4, when about 7 or 8 miles west of Moro, the Hawk 
was just tarning to the westward when a large steamer was sighted 
directly astern, heading in for Havana. The steamer appeared to sight 
Hawk about the same time, and immediately turned and made off at 
lull speed along ^he coast to west-southwest. 

The Hawk put after steamer under full power, but after about ten min 
utea, appearin(^ to lose ground, I had a shot fired close to her from the 
bow 6-pounder. Instei^ of heaving to, however, she only continued 
the foster. 

After that every effort was made to increase the HawVs si)eed, but 
we barely succee<led in holding our own, with perhaps a slight gain on 
the part of the steamer, and I then had 6-pounder shell fired at her at 
intervals till about 1.30 a. m«, when she seemed to become stationary 
off Port Ifariel. 

Knowing there was a battery of some kind at Port Mariel, but not 
knowing its nature, the Hawk approached cautiously till within about 
a mile to a mile and a half from the harbor's mouth, to make observa- 

tiODS. 

The steamer could be plainly seen stationary just at the mouth of the 
harbor, and various signal lights were seen on shore. I then had four 
0-ponnder shells fired toward her at intervals, to compel her to come 
oat, bot no movement was made, only a continuous blowing off of steam 
on the part of the steamer. 

After the fourth shot was fired a white light was shown over the 
Hide of steamer, which I took to be a sign of submission and concluded 
the steamer was aground or disabled, and ceased firing. 

Farther observation convinced me that the steamer was aground, 
aad, the white light continuing to be shown, I decided to send an armed 
boat*8 erew in to investigate, and take i)ossession if possible. Accord- 
ingly lU 2.30 a. m. an armed crew of 8 men, in charge of Ensign F. H. 
SehoMd, was sent in with orders to approach with ciintion and to 
rctarn immediately if fired on. The gallantry of Bnsign Schofield and 
isasabject of sfiecial report, inclosed herewith. 



238 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

The boat approached to within aboat a ship's length of the steamer 
without any sign being made, and hailed her. Ko reply was made; and 
almost immediately afterwards a volley was fired at the boat from the 
ship, while another volley was fired from the shore, about 150 or 200 yards 
distant on the other side; and then volley after volley was fired at the 
boat alternately from ship and shore. Meantime the boat started back 
for the Hawh and immediately opened fire with an automatic Colt 
mounted in the bow, alternately silencing the ship and shore fire. 

Meantime the Hawk moved in to about half a mile of the ship and pre- 
pared to open fire as soon as the boat was clear; but the boat pulled 
back directly in the line of our fire, so that fire was held till the boat 
was picked up, with neither boat nor crew touched. The shore and 
ship ceased fire when the boat had gotten abont 400 yards away. 

Ensign Schofield reported that the ship was hard aground by the 
head, but that he thought she could be gotten off with the assistance 
of another vessel; so I did not open fire on her, not wishing to damage 
the prize, if she could be saved, and stood in front of the port till day- 
light, one gun being fired at the Haxclc from a small shore battery. 

At daylight I saw the ship was high up on a reef at the entrance of 
Mariel Harbor, having evidently run ashore full speed in an attempt to 
enter the harbor, and that it would be impossible to get her off, and 
that the only course open was to destroy her to prevent her cargo fiekll- 
ing into the hands of the enemy. 

Having only 6-pounder guns with which to do this, I steamed up 
toward the Havana blockt^e and signaled the Castine to come to my 
assistance. This she immediately did, and we both steamed back to 
Mariel and opened fire at long range, about 7 a. m., on the stranded 
steamer and shore batteries. This fire was kept up till 8 a. m., when 
the commanding officer of the Castine ordered the Hawk to return to 
Havana and report the state of affairs to the senior officer present, 
while the Castine remained and completed the destruction of the 
steamer. 

It was impossible to determine the name of the steamer, nor did she 
show any flag after daylight on the morning of July 5; but from her 
actions and the fact that she had soldiers on board, who fired on the 
HawJ^s boat, her nationality was most probably Spanish. 

The steamer's crew proper most probably left the ship at once as 
soon as she struck, as Ensign Schofield reports that all her boats on 
the starboard side, that was next him, were lowered and away when he 
came near the ship. 

Very respectfolly, John Hood, 

Lieutenant^ U. S. If,, Commanding. 

Seniob Offioeb Present, 

Commanding U. 8» Naval Forces off Havana^ Cuba, 



The four foregoing reports all refer to the Alfonso XIL 



125997. 

[Commending ooolneM and brayory of Ensign F. H. Schofield.] 

U. S. S. Hawk, 
Off Havana^ Cuba^ July 5, 1898. 

Snt: I take great pleasure in bringing to your notice the unusual 
coolness, skill, and courage shown by Ensign F. H. Schofield, U. S. N^ 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATIOH. 23& 

and a orew of eight men under his command^ off Port Mariel, Onba, on 
the night of July 4, 1898. 

On the night in question the Hawk had chased a large 4<ma8ted, 
2*smokestaoked steamer, attempting to ran the Havana blockade from 
near Havana, till she was ran aground just at the west side of the 
entrance of Mariel Harbor. 

Not being able to determine in the darkness whether the ship was 
aground or disabled, and wishing to get possession of her, if possible, 
I determined to send in an armed boat^s crew to investigate and board 
her, if possible. 

Knowing there were batteries and a garrison on shore and the expedi- 
tion somewhat hazardous, I called for volunteers, and the crew was 
promptly made up, with Ensign Schofleld in command. 

Our only boat for such service is one of the dingeys of the lotca. In 
the bow of this Mr. Schofleld ingeniously rigged an improviseil mount 
for an automatic Oolt gun, and with the crew well armed with rifles the 
expedition left the ship, with orders to return at once if flred on, while 
the guns of the ship were got ready to support any attack. 

The boat had about a mile to pall, and approached to within a ship's 
length of the steamer without any demonstration being made, and found 
the steamer hanl aground within a hundred yards of the shore. Mr. 
Schofleld then hailed the steamer and received no reply, but almost 
immediately afterwards a volley, as from well- trained soldiers, was flred 
at the boat from the steamer, quickly followed by another volley from 
the shore line, about 150 yards distant, the men in the boat distinctly 
hearing the words of command. After this, volley after volley was flred 
at the boat at close range from both the steamer and the shore. 

Mr. Schofield and his crew, being thus placed at close range between 
two flres, behaved in a manner beyond all praise. He promptly headed 
for the Mawkj and at the flrst volley opened flre with his Colt gun on 
the part of the ship from which the volleys came, the ship being the 
nearer, till they were temporarily silenced, and then turned it on the 
shore line, from whence the other volleys proceeded, with the same suc- 
cess. Meantime the ship opened again and the Colt was trained on her, 
and thus continued to be idternated from ship to shore till the boat 
palled oat to a safe distance. 

Meantime the Hawk steamed in to meet the returning boat to within 
about half a mile of the steamer and shore, but did not open flre, as the 
boat continued to return in a direct line to the ship, and picked up the 
boat and crew. 

Though shots fell all about the boat, and about ten volleys were flred 
at her at close range, I am happy to say that neither a member of the 
crew nor the boat was touched. 

This was the flrst time any of the men concerned had ever been under 
fire and I consider their coolness and steadiness in a very dangerous 
position as worthy of special mention and commendation. 

The names of the people engaged in the expedition are as follows: 
F. H. Schofield, ensign, in command; L. C. Hull, gunner's mate, first- 
class apprentice; William Blasie, quartermaster, second class; G. M. 
Erstad, quartermaster, third class; John Bhoades, ship's clerk, first 
class ; A. Hanson, ordinary seaman ; A. Biggin, ordinary seamen ; F. £• 
Ohappell, ordinary seaman; H. O. Parrent, coal passer. 
Vcory respectfrdly, 

J. Hood, 
Lieuienanty U. 8. J^., Commanding. 

OOlOCAirDBB IN OHIEF, 

North Ailantie Station. 



240 BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 

130292. 

I 

[Bcport of openUona agftinat Port Tooaa in aid of Cuba ezpeditlo&.] 

n. S. S. Helena, 3d Bate, 
Oienfuegos Blockade^ off Trinidady Cuba, July 4, 1898. 

Sib: I have the honor to report as follows on the operations of this 
vessel daring the past three or four days: 

While craising off the chain of cays to the southward of Trinidad on 
the night of Jane 30, a search-light was observed playing throughout 
the night in the direction of Zarza, or Port Tunas. 

As this place is mentioned particularly by Consul Dent in connec- 
tion with the blockade running, I decided to go in and find out the 
source of the light. 

On the morning of July 1, as soon as the sun was high enough to show 
the shoal spots, I moved in and soon discovered a steamer's smoke, which 
later proved to be the U. S. S. Peoria with two steamers in convoy, 
close inshore a little to the westward of the town of Tunas. 

Lieutenant Byan, in command of the Peoriay came within hail and 
reported that the larger transport (the Florida) was aground and that 
an attempted landing the night before by a small force of Americans 
and Cubans from the transports had been repulsed by the Spaniards 
with some loss, the brother of General Nunez, commanding the Cuban 
force, being killed, and Mr. Winthrop Chanler, in charge of the American 
contingent, being among the wounded. Luckily they had been able to 
bring off their wounded, and, owing to Lieutenant Ryan's constant 
patrol during the night, the transport had so far been unmolested, but 
that they were greatly in need of assistance. I moved in at once up to 
a large block-house, with intreuchments on either side, to westward of 
transports, and fired a few well-directed shots, to deter the enemy frt>m 
attempting any further attack, and then anchored astern of the Florida 
and took a line from her, by which at high water (5.45 p. m.) she came 
ofi' quite easily. 

We then moved down about 4 miles and anchored for the night, as 
the Floridah^d to restore many weights which had been removed to the 
Fanitay the smaller transport 

The next morning, July 2^ Lieutenant Johnson, Tenth Cavalry, who 
is in charge of the expedition, came on board in consultation. He 
reported that they had decided to attempt another landing at Palo 
Alto, about 47 miles to the eastward, and desired that I would make a 
demonstration on the town of Tunas to deceive the enemy. 

At 7.30 a. m. I started in (the Peoria following shortly after to help 
me off in case of grounding), and moved in slowly until I got the ship 
broadside to the town at 1,500 yards. I was able to make out a small 
earthwork with emplacements for four guns close to the western dock 
and a section of field artillery to the eastward, near the railroad dock. 
After careful study of the place I opened fire on the earthwork with 
the forward 4-inch, which was replied to iustantly by the enemy, so that 
I am now satisfied that they were waiting to get us in line of range- 
flags planted in the channel, which my want of knowledge of the deep 
water kept me clear of. 

The projectiles from the earthwork battery appeared to be shell, and 
all went over, landing from two to three hundred yards beyond. The 
projectiles from the field battery appeared to be mostly shrapnel, and 
the range better. One burst in the water just under the starboard 
four-inch gun, throwing water over forecastle and bridge. Several hem- 
ispherical lead balls from shrapnel were picked up on board, one passing 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 241 

throQgh the bridge screen, and one striking a mnsket case on the fore- 
castle. No damage to crew or ship. 

After twenty-eight minutes of excellent firing from our battery the 
enemy's fire ceased and I gave the order to cease firing, and signaled 
same to Peoria. The earthwork was a shapeless wreck, one building 
near was in flames, and the enemy appeared to be engaged in removing 
their dead and wounded. After waiting fifteen minutes, with no return 
of fire, I moved back to my anchorage. 

Attherequestof Lieutenants Johnson and Byan the PisoWa and Helena 
made a short demonstration against the blockhouse at 5 p. m., and the 
transports moved off under convoy of Peoria at 10 p. m. 

During the evening and night an extensive conflagration was seen in 
Tunas in what api>eared to be the railroad wharl 

Sunday, July 3, at 1 p. m., I decided to run in near enough to the 
town to ascertain what the conflagration of the night before meant, 
and incidentally help the Cuban e^q^edition by keeping up the idea of 
activi^ here. 

As I stood in I soon saw that whatever had been burned had been 
sacrificed to clear away the wharf for fire from troops and battery; that 
the batteries (field) had been increased in number, new intrenchments 
for troops built, and guns remounted in the earthwork we had knocked 
down. What appeared to be new range flags had been put in the 
channel, and the force of men in the town largely increased. 

A Ouban pilot, who came off from the town to the Peoria the night 
they arrived with a message frt>m (General Gtomez, stated that there 
were 2,500 troops in the town and blockhouse. Lieutenant Johnson, 
who, as a cavalry officer, should be an authority, reported to me that 
during the absence of the Peoria to communicate with me the cavalry 
at blockhouse took advantage of the chance to bathe their horses, and 
he counted what appeared to him eight troops as they lined up. If 
these numbers are at all correct, I believe there were not less than 4,000 
troops of all kinds in the town and vicinity on Sunday. 

When I arrived within 2 miles I stopped and backed to turn the ship 
in the narrow channel, thinking I was out of range, but no sooner was 
our broadside presented than the enemy opened on us with a more rapid 
and rather more accurate fire than the day before, though still shooting 
high even at this range. Having accomplished my purpose, I turned 
the ship and stood back for my anchorage, firing as I went. 

I regret exceedingly that I should have drawn their fire on this 
occasion, as I feel that I could iU afford the ammunition, and there was 
nothing to be gained. Shell fell quite near us as we came out, but no 
damage was done. I returned to my anchorage (about 6 miles south 
of Tunas) again for the night and am now on my way to report to Com- 
mander Dayton, off Gienftiegos, for orders. 

In the engagement with the batteries on Saturday Lieutenant Byan 
followed me in with the Peoria at his own request to assist me in case 
of grounding, and rendered very effective service with his 3-pounder 
battery. 

Very respectfiilly, W. T. SwiNBUBirE, 

Oommanderj U. 8. N.j Commanding. 

OOKBIAlfDBB IN CHIEF U. 8. NAVAL FOBOE, 

Iforih Atlantic Station. 



242 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

[Fint IndoneinaBt.] 

U. S. Plaqship New York, 
Off Santiago de Ouha^ Ouba^ July 16y 1698. 

Subject : JTeleiia.— Report of operations a^inst Port Tunas in aid of 
Caban expedition. 

Eespectfally forwarded to the Department, with recommendation 
that no further action be taken in this matter. 

W. T. Sampson, 
Bear-Admiraly U. 8. N,y 
Commander in Chief U. S. Naval Force^ North Attantie Station. 



128821. 

[B«port of oaptnre of lohoonor fiUNCo.] 

n. S. B. Eagle, 

Off Isle of Pinesy Cubay July 5, 1898. 

Sir : I have the honor to inform you that the schooner Oallito was 
captured by the 17. S. S. JEagle on the morning of July 5, 1898, under 
the following circumstances: 

About 6 o'clock on the morning of July 5, 1898, a schooner wbb 
observed under ssdl south of the Isle of Pines. The Eagle gave chase 
immediately, and at 6.30, when within abonthalf a mile of the schooner 
and within less than a mile of the beach, upon which there was a 
small settlement, sent a boat in charge of Ensign J. H. Boys, U. S. N., 
to exercise the right of search. In the meantime the schooner had been 
anchored and her crew had deserted her. 

As Ensign Eoys boarded the vessel a sharp fire was opened upon 
him and his boat's crew irom the beach, two shots going through a sail 
and another passing between two members of the boat's crew. This 
fire was promptly returned and quickly silenced by the Eagle. 

The schooner was found to contain mahogany, railroad ties, white 
pine, honey, and tobacco. No ship's papers could be found. Some 
private papers were found, which were sealed, and will be delivered to 
the district attorney. 

As the Eagle will have to start for Key West this evening to replen- 
ish her coal supply, I shall, if wind and sea permit^ make an effort to 
deliver the Oallito at that port; otherwise it will be necessary to 
destroy her. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHERLAND, 

Lieutenant^ U. 8. N.j Commanding. 
The OonMANBER IN Ohibf U. S. Naval Force, 

North Atlantic Station. 



13030& 

(Report of arrlTal of SagU with oAptnred sohooner OaOUo,] 
No. 3.] U. S. S. BA0LE, 

Key West, Fla.y July 7, 1898. 
Sib : I have the honor to announce the arrival of the Eagle with the 
captured schooner Oallito in tow at this x>ort to-day, thirty-five hours 
firom off Gape Francis, the western limit of her blockading station. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 243 

This in accordance with instanotions from Commander 0. H. Davis, 
n. 8. N., the senior officer present off Oienftiegos, npon mj reporting 
there for dnty, who also diieoted that the Eagle should retnm to her 
station when coaled. 

The Sagle had bnt 4 tons of coal in her bankers npon her arrival 
here. 

When off Gape Gorrientes a bright light was seen on the shore several 
miles to the eastward of the point. This light, which was visible over 
10 miles, became alternately dim and bright, and bore a general resem- 
blance to Gape San Antonio Light. It is possibly the work of wreckers, 
bat whether so or not is a danger to any approaching vessel whose 
actnal position is not known. 

I report this for the benefit of onr own vessels which may have to 
roand Gape Antonio, and will make an attempt to investigate the 
matter npon the return of this vessel to her station. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHBRLAND, 

Lieutenant^ U. 8. ^., Commanding. 

The GoMMANDBB IN Ghibf OF U. 8. Naval Fobgb, 

North Atlantic StoHon. 



128824; 

[Beport of evvnte on Cape Cms blockAde.1 

U. S. S. Scorpion (26), 

Off Cape Cruz, July 5, 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to report that this vessel arrived off Gape Grnz 
at 11 a. m. Jnne 30, and fonnd the St, Louis there. Received orders to 
board a schooner well inshore, and then report to the senior officer. 
Abont two hours later the Osceola conminuicated with ns, and said we 
conld proceed to Manzanillo in company with them and the Romet. 

The schooner proved to be the E. K. Nickerson, with a prize crew on 
board from the Hornet; and we learned that the Hist, Hornet (with a 
pilot on board), and the Wompatuck had gone up to Manzanillo that day. 
We endeavored to procure a pilot, but failed to do so, and at daylight 
the following morning, July 1, the Scorpion and Osceola started for 
Manzanillo, arriving off the harbor at 4 p. m., and entering, as reported 
by me in my letter of July 1. 

We remained in the vicinity of the entrance, very close at times, 
until Tuesday morning, the 5th instant. During that time we captured, 
within sight of the city, a fishing schooner, which we let go; a sloop, 
having on board provisions; and a large steel lighter, load^ with pro- 
visions. The sloop was an old hulk, containing a miserable crew, both 
of which I considered it best to get rid of. The owner, a Spaniard, 
had misinformed me about the naturc^of his freight, so I compelled him 
to throw the provisions overboard before I let him go. They were of a 
very poor kind of salt provisions. 

13ie small tug which had towed the lighter which we captured 
escaped over the shoals, where there is only 4 feet of water, and 
dropped the lighter on the shoals. We learned from the sloop that the 
name of the tug was the Manita, sailing under English colors, and under 
the command of a German captun. 

This lighter is apparently new, of steel, marked 97.44 tons, and filled 
up with ^t pork, flour, and corn, as fokr as we could ascertain. The 



244 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

pork is of American packing and had been shipped to Kingston. There 
were also on her deck 8 tons of good Cardiff coal, probably for the ase 
of the tug. This coal was taken on board the Scorpion^ thns permitting 
us to remain an additional day. The Osceola famished this ship with 
1,200 gallons of fresh water, and both vessels are so very short of this 
(and this ship of coal) that we were compelled to leave this morning. 
The Osceola is towing the lighter to this place in company with as. 

I learned from persons on board the sloop that three of oar vessels 
had been seen in the vicinity of Santa Graz. These probably were the 
Uisty Rometj and Wompatuck, 
Very respectfally, 

A. Mabix, 
Lieutenant-Commanderj U. 8. N,, Commanding. 

The OOMMANDBB IN CHIEF U. S. NAVAL FOBOB, 

North Atlantic Station^ U. & Flagship New York. 



128819. 

U. S. S. Hist, 
Off Cape Cruzy Cuba^ July lly 1898. 

Sib: It is with pleasare that I am able to report the saccessfal cat- 
ting of the cable connecting Santa Craz del Sar, Trinidad, Cienfdegos, 
and Havana with the stronghold of Manzanillo and the east of Caba. 

In obedience to yoar verbal instrnctions I got anderway in the after- 
noon of Jaly 10, and, with the U. S. S. Hornet and Wompattick in com- 
pany, proceeded by way of the Cnatros Beales Channel to an anchor- 
age for the night behind the keys jnst east of Santa Crnz del Sar. I 
was informed by the pilot that the cable was laid in the San Jnan 
Channel, and to the eastward between the two keys Gaizaro and 
Calabra, and, believing it lay in the deepest water, I got ander way 
early in the morning and all three vessels commenced to drag midway 
between the two keys in 10 fathoms of water, mnddy bottom. 

In aboat fifteen minntes I sncceeded in hooking on twice, bat the 
very light grapnel slipped and the third time the light line parted in 
lifting the cable. 

The Wompatuckj being provided with a heavy grapnel and line, was 
more saccessfal, and the third time slipping the grapnel bronght np a 
piece of the insalation, which showed I had properly located the cable, 
and in an hoar and a half from the time we commenced to drag the 
Wompatuck sncceeded in picking it ap and a length of 30 fathoms cat 
o£f, which will leave it extremely difficalt to repair shoald the enemy 
attempt it. The work having been accomplished, I retnmed with the 
three vessels to the station off Cape Crnz. In conclnsion, I believe the 
catting of this cable will not only prevent telegraphic commnnication 
between the points above mentioned, bnt will have the great moral 
effect of checking the inland traffic with Manzanillo, and will certainly 
prevent the calling of reenforcements now in the west to resist oar alti- 
mate attack and captare of Manzanillo. 

I herewith sabmit a sketch of the locality and the lay of the cable 
as cat 

I am, respectfally, 

•LUOIBN TOUN0, 

Lieutj U. 8, Navy^ and 8enior Officer Present 

Bear- Admiral W. T. Sampson, U. S. N., 

Commander in Chief U. 8, Naval Forces^ North Atlantic 8tation, 

*Nftme inserted at Department. 



BDBKAU OF KATIGATIOM. 




246 BUREAU OF KAVIGATION. 

U. 8. 8. WOMPATUOK, 

Off Ca^e Cruzy July 11^ 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to report as :3t>llowB, viz: 

1. The Wompatuek arrived off Gape Cruz on the morning of the 8th 
instant. 

2. The commanding officer of the Hist being senior officer I reported 
to him, having delivered dispatches to the U. 8. 8. Dixie at 6 p. m. on 
the previous evening. 

3. On the nights of the 8th and 9th instant the WampatucJc cruised 
between sunset and sunrise to the northward and westward, off the 
entrances to the channels between the cays, returning to anchorage in 
the morning to the northwest of Gape Gruz light 

At 1 p. m. on the 10th instant, in obedience to signal, and in com- 
pany with the Hist and Hornet^ proceeded to the Quatros Beales Ghan- 
nel, and after passing through this channel anchored at 7.30 p. m. inside 
the cays, off Media Luna, in 10 fathoms of water. 

5. At daylight to-day this vessel, with the Hist and Hornet, got under 
way and steamed between Gay Media Luna and Gay Loma, and began 
at about 7 a. m. to drive for the cable between Manzanillo and 8auta 
Gruz del 8ur. 

6. On the first drive to north-northwest hooked the cable, as was evi- 
denced by the insulation which was brought up on the liooks of the 
grapnel 

7. A second and third drive were attended with the same results. 

8. The fourth drive was rewarded with better results, although using 
two 15-pound grapnels lashed together and a 2^inch line. 

9. Being unable to weigh the cable with so small a line, I made signal 
to the Hornet to send me her best grapnel. 8he promptly sent me a 
40-ponDd grapnel, to which I bent a 5-inch line and dropped under the 
bight of t£e cable. 

10. The remainder of the operation consisted in heaving the cable up 
to the ship's side and securing it with slip ropes, so as to get at it and 
cut it. 

11. Gable was cut at 8.55 a. m., and a length of about 200 feet, after 
towing out to seaward, was cut out, and I have the honor to forwsurd 
herewith about a foot of this cable. 

12. Before closing this report I wish to call to your attention the 
prompt and ready assistance rendered me by Lieutenant Helm, of the 
Hornet Owing to the total unpreparedness of this vessel for such 
work, we had no grapnels capable of taking a heavy enough line to 
lift the cable, and he promptly sent me a 4()-pound grapnel which 
enabled me to do it. 

13. Again I take great pleasure in commending Mate Fred MuUer 
for his readiness of resource and his prompt response to and execution 
of my orders. I also commend to your favorable consideration Boat- 
swain Mate First Glass Alfred Woodruff, than whom there is none 
better in the service as seaman or gunner. 8eaman William Burgess 
is deservihg of special mention for his prompt response for a diver to 
carry a hawser down and bend on to the cable. Although he made 
two fruitless efforts in 9^ fathoms of watei^, I consider him worthy for 
his efforts and deserving of consideration. 

Very respectfully, 

G. W. JUNGBN, 

Lieutenant, U. S. N,, Oomanding U. S. 8. Wompatuek, 

The GoMMANDEB IN Ohief XJ. 8. Naval Fobob, 

North Atlantic Station, off Santiago de Cuba. 



BUBRAQ OP NAVIOATION. 247 

128470. 

[DMtrootlon of SpuiUl annad itoAmer 8aaU» Doming.] 

U. 8. 8. Eaglb, 
Off Cape Pepe^ Isle of Pinee^ Cuba, July 19 j 1898. 

Sis : In aooordance with artiole 15 of the Articles for the Government 
of the United States Navy, I have the honor to transmit herewith a 
complete list of the officers and crew of the U. 8. 8. JEagley with the 
rating and quality of each person on July 12, 1898, on which day the 
Spanlkh steamer Banto Domingo was taken iiossession of by the U. 8. 8. 
Eagle as a lawfhl prize off Piedras Point, in the bight to ttie westward 
of the Isle of Pines, sonthwest coast of Gnba. 

This communication is for the porpose of claiming for the officers and 
crew of the U. 8. 8. Hagle an award of prize money in case the Santo 
Domingo shall be adjudged a lawful prize, and also to request, in 
accordance with the provisions of section 4625 of the Kevised Statutes, 
that you will direct proceedings for adjudication in the Key West dis- 
trict, to the prize court in which, of necessity, I am compelled to send 
the documents and other articles found on and taken from the Santo 
Domingo during the time she was in possession of a prize crew firom 
this vesseL 

The circumstances were as follows: 

At 11.05 a. m., July 12, when o£f Mangle Point, southwest coast of 
Cuba, a large steamer was sighted in the bight between the Isle of 
Pines and Gape Francis standing to the northward and westward at 
good speed. 

The Eagle immediately gave chase, heading to cut the steamer off, 
and in less than an hour noticed that she had run aground on a point 
of a spit about 2 miles E. i 8. (magnetic) from Piedras Point. (See 
Hydrographic Office Chart 947.) 

I do not think her grounding was intentional, as it seems most proba- 
ble that she was bound for an anchorage off a small town near Piedras 
Point. In his hast^e to escape the Eagle^ her pilot probably missed the 
channel by only a few hundred yards. 

A white side- wheel steamer — similar to our river boats — which had 
apparently been, lying off the town above referred to, immediately ran 
alongside the Santo Domingo^ presumably to transfer the 8a/nto 
Domingde cargo to Batabano. 

The Eagle soon ran into shoal water, with an uneven coral bottom of 
varying depth, and, with boats sounding ahead, made slow progress 
until within about 2,000 yards of the steamer, when an anchor was 
dropped under foot, at which time the river steamer left the Santo 
Domingo and steamed about near to her, apparently with the intention 
of returning alongside in case the Eagle ran aground or was forced to 
retire. The river steamer had a large number of people on board. 

Immediately wpon anchoring the Eagle fired a blank charge. This 
not being responded to even by a show of the colors, a rapid fire was 
opened upon both steamers. The river steamer started away at great 
speed in the direction of the channel north of the San Felipe Gays, and 
was soon out of range. One hundred and four 6-pounder shell were 
fired, and although a large number hit, and all apparently burst, the 
steamer was not set on fire. 

As no answer was returned, and as no people coald be made out on 
the steamer's deck, I concluded that she had been abandoned by the 
majority of her crew, and decided to board her. 

The Eagle was gotten underway, and a volunteer armed crew sent 



248 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

■ 

ahead in the whaleboat, in which was mounted a Oolt's automatic, on 
an improviBed mount, in charge of the executive officer, Ensign Powers 
Symington, with instructions to board and take possession of the 
steamer as prize master, if not 6pposed, and if opposed to keep so dear 
that the JSiigle could' open fire. At the same time the cutter, in charge 
of Ensign T. T. Graven, was sent ahead to sound, and the E<igle fol- 
lowed both boats until within 600 yards of the steamer, when, as Ensign 
Symington was seen to board without opposition, the anchor was dropped 
in 17 feet of water at about 3.25 p. m. Prior to this it had been observed 
that the steamer had two guns mounted forward. 

Ensign Graven, in charge of an additional gang of men, was imme- 
diately sent to aid the first party and to carry instructions to Ensign 
Symington to the effect that if the steamer was hard and fast aground, 
with no possibility of release by our own small vessel and crew, he was 
to make every attempt to get her two 4.72-inch rifled guns, with their 
ammunition, the small arms and other small guns, if any, and such 
other things as he could handle, and then to set the vessel on fire. 

Upon boarding, the prize master found the fires under all boilers 
going full blast, and steam blowing off at 170 pounds. The midday 
meal had been served in the forward saloon and but partly eaten, and 
there was every indication of the vessel having been deserted in great 
haste. 

I directed the prize master not to fire her until sundown, and to make 
every effort to get the 4.72-inch guns, at the same time sending the 
chief gunner's mate to help, and a quantity of kerosene oil to be used 
in firing the vessel. 

These 4.72-inch guns had been found loaded and the vessel's maga- 
zine open. Every effort was made to get these guns, but without suc- 
cess. They were completely dismantle and the breech plugs brought 
on board this vessel. 

I do not think I am far wrong in stating that if the vessel and cargo 
could have been saved and brought into port the appraised value of the 
vessel and cargo would have fallen but little short of $1,000,000. 

The reasons which controlled me in a determination to burn the 8anio 
Domingo were as follows: 

(1) As the Santo Domingo was drawing 61 centimeters (24 feet), and 
was aground on an irregular coral bottom, in not more than 20 feet of 
water, I was convinced that the Eagle could not pull her off. In addi- 
tion, she had one shot through her under- water hull, if not more. 

(2) The i)ossibility of an attempt at recapture, which I think the Eagle 
could have resisted had it been i>ossible to maneuver a 12-foot vessel on 
those unknown coral shoals at night with rapidity and safety. 

(3) The possibility of the Spanish auxiliary steamer Montevideo arriv- 
ing at any time (this being surmised from information obtained from 
papers found on the Santo Domingo)^ and the Eagle not being in a posi- 
tion to intercept and i>ossibly destroy her. 

(4) The certainty of my duty to make it impossible, at any risk, for 
the enemy to obtain the munitions of war and the immense amount of 
food supplies contained in this large steamer. 

Two 12inch guns were seen lying on skids in her hold, but they could 
not be reached. 

The live stock was shot, and the vessel set on fire at 6.25 p. m. 

Within an hour she was one complete mass of fiames, and was burn- 
ing brightly all that night. 

The vicinity of the prize was visited on each of the three succeeding 
days and the wreck found still burning. 



BUEKAU OF NAVIGATION. 249 

On the ITfh instaDt, five days after firing her, ihe wreck of the Santo 
Domingo was boarded by an officer and crew from this vesseL The 
after {Nut of the vessel was still burning, the forward part filled with 
water, and tiie entire vessel a complete wreck, firames and beams being 
bent and twisted in all directions and many plates separating and 
cracked. 

The screw threads of the 4.72-inch guns were irreparably iiyored. 
On the 19tli instant the afterpart of the vessel was still burning. 

The Samio Domingo was literally packed with food sapplies and cloth- 
ing— com^ potatoes, bacon, ham, onions, bales of blankets, having been 
brought to vtow by ttie prize crew. Even the spare staterooms were 
packed ftilL 

VcT the inlbrmation of the various bureaus concerned, I inclose an 
inventory, survey, and appraisal of certain articles taken from the 
Smmto Domingo for the United States, a copy of which has been certified 
to the prize court at Key West. These articles will be kept on the 
i^ie pending orders from the Department. 

The papers and some other articles found on the prize will be turned 
over to the custody of the same prize court, and the 4.72-inch breech 
plugs turned in to the general storekeeper at Key West. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOXTTHEBLAND, 

Lieutenant^ U, 8. N.y Commanding. 
The Sbobstaby of thb Navt, 

Navg Dq^rtmentj Washington^ D. 0. 



U. S. S. Eaglb, 
Keg Weety Fla., July 22, 1898. 

Bib: Referring to my communication of the 19th instant, detailing 
the circumstances of the seizure and destruction of the Spanish armed 
steamer 8mUo Domingq^ I have the honor to inclose a copy of a letter 
received from Ueut. S. M. Blount, U. 8. K., prize master of the prize 
schooner Three Belli, 

From this letter it also appears that the BagVs presence in that 
vicinity probably saved the Three Belli from recapture. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully* 

W. H. H. SOUTHEBLAND, 

Lieutenant^ U. 8. N.j Commanding* 

Thb Sbcbbtaby op the Navy. 

Navg Department^ Waskingtonj D, C. • 



n. 8. 8. Niagara, 
Ke$ Wft, F!a,f Jmlp iJ, 1898. 

Sir : Id amwer to jonr inqairy, it i% my belief that ihe uteAiner to whieh I direeted 
jour attonUon on Um morniDg of July 12 wm utanding out to intereept the Teeeeln 
WKleff ay eomiiuuid. When flnt sighted, we were between Cane Franoea and Mangle 
Pofaity aad aba, nndar ftill ateam, waa bearing down on oa. Sne came in plain aight 
aToa. 

Aboal tba tima wa made ont her boll distinetlT from tha deck we eaw yoor emoka 
ahaad. ahorlly after yonr unoke became visible, she seemed to stop, and in a few 
miaotaa ehaoRad bar eonrse. We then rounded Mangle Point and in a rery short 
tftaa wafa apokan by yon. We had a lookout in the ringing, with glaaaea. trying to 
iad ami tha aharaetar of tha staamer, and I am oonfldent she waa the only 
!r sight aft tha tiiM. 



250 BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Penonftlly, I am oonyinoed that the steamer we saw bearing down on na and the 
one yon chased immediately after was the same. 
Very respectftilly, 

Saml. M. Blount, 
LUuimani, U, 8. N. 
liieat. W. H. H. SouTHBRLAin>, 

U. 8. 8. EagU. 



130306. 

[Report of prlie master of Spanlili ttesmer Amto Domingo^ osptnred by BagUJl 

U. 8. 8. EaoLK, 
Off Cape FrancU, Cuba, July Ig, 189S, 

8ib: I have the honor to report that, in accordance with yonr instr actions, I left 
the ship at 2.80 p. m. to-day in the whaleboat, together with a Yolonteer orew of 8 
men: C. Smith, cockswain; C. Griffin^seaman; J. £. Ellsworth, boatswain's mate, 
second class; Wm. Gregory, seaman; W. E. Shaffer, ordinary seaman ; J. Hood, ordi- 
nary seaman; P. C. Rasmnssen, ordinary seaman; T. P. Sweeney, landsman, lor the 
purpose of boarding the steamer sighted in the forenoon. Alter a sharp poll of 
about 1 mile, at which distance the ship was when I left her, I went alongside the 
steamer and boarded her. She proved to be the Spanish ship Santo Dimimgo, of 
Barcelona, of the Campagnia Transatlantica. 

After a complete search fore and aft^ I found her to be deserted, and took posses- 
sion of her as a prize. I then proceeded to investigate her condition and the 
chances, if any. of getting; her into port for adjudication by a prize court. She was 
lying easily ana in an upright position, her port bow was in 19 feet of water, and 
all around her elsewhere there was 20 feet. She was drawing about 24i feet, and a 
ship^s length astern of her there waa plenty of water to float her. I considered it 
possible to get her off if time permitted, and she -could be lightened of part of her 
oarffo. 

'Ae engine room was next examined, and I found that all fires were going full 
blaat» the steam blowiuff off at 170 pounds, and no water showing in gauge glasses. 
Fires were hauled immediatelv and danger from this source prevented. The engines 
and boilers were in remarkably fine condition, and, except for water in the bilge 
which was making rapidly through a shot hole, could have been used for any service. 

The effect of our 6- pound shot waa remarkable. I saw some twelve or fifteen hits, 
snd in every case^ apparently, the shell had exploded. Two shots were vital, one 
through her port side, between wind and water, passed through the side and burst in 
her shaft alley. She was makine water fast through this hole, but it could easily 
have been plugged with a shot plug. The other must necessarily have delayed her, 
as it struck the steering engine fair, and, exploding, wrecked the whole connection, 
rendering it useless. Other shots were merely destructive, one, in particular, 
through the after saloon, doing more damage than I thought possible by so small a 
shell. I consider the shooting done by our crew as excellent. The prize's crew had 
deserted her in ereat haste, very few private effects having been taken out and 
apparently no ship's property removed. Dinner was served and half-eaten in the 
forward saloon, the galley fires were g:oing and food cooking; in fact, nothing to 
show that the ship was not in commission with a full crow on board. 

On her forecastle were mounted two 12-centimeter rapid-fire suns built by Portilla 
White y Cia., of Sevilla. They were loaded, but the breechblocks had been removed. 
They were sqbsequently found affc. A small amount of ammunition, not more than 
100 rounds, waa found for these guns, as also one case of small-arm ammunition. 

In view of the fact that this cargo was of great value to the enemy at tiie present 
time, it seemed probable that some attempt at recapture would be made, and I con- 
clude that such attempt might be successful if properly conducted, and that it was 
essential f^om a military point of view that no possiole chance be left open for these 
munitions to reach Havana. Also, after a thorough examin ation of her engine, ground 
tackle, winches, etc., the nosition in which she lay, and the water arouna ner, it 
seemed to me that it woula take more time than could properly be spared tcom the 
duty the ship was then on to float the prize, and I concluded it was best to destroy 
her and not attempt to get her off, although I had no doubt the latter could Ve done 
in time if the weather were favorable and the enemy made no effort at recapture. 

Her 12-centimeter guns being very valuable, I made every effort to dismount them 
and briuff them off, spending two hours in the attempt, but without success, owing 
to the lack of facilities for ngffing proper purchases. 

While engaged in this work I sighted several columns of smoke to the northward, 
and knowing the paramount importance of seeing that the prize was not recaptured 
decided to destroy her then and there, and so sign^ed you. 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATIOH. 251 

I disabled both g«iit» and Mourins what papm I eoald find, both poblio and 
private (the log book oonld not be found), I set the prise on fire, both Ibrwaxd and 
all, remainiDg nntU the llxe wat well under WKf, and then at 6.30 p. m. letomed to 
the ship. The live stook on board was ihot befoTe the ship was fired* 

Qnite a aea wat running alongside the ship, and owinjr to the smaUness of onr boats 
it was neeessary to pass the arms in rather hnrriedly. In doing so, a bnneh of 
rsTolTsr betts eame aoriftand the following were lost orerboard : Two leather waist 
belts with reTolTen» holstais, and cartridge boxes, and one ontlass and ih»g. 

The prise had begun to discharge into her oonsor% bat had made scarcely any 
impression on the cargo at all. 

£nsign CraTsn, who was sent with a working party to assist in disposing of the 
priae^ in eomnany with invself, made a survey, inventory, and appraisal of the vessel 
and cims wnicn Is attached. 

vsiy rsspeetfiilly, Powkas STMiNOTOif . 

Sn$igti, U. S. N. 

The COMMAKBIHO OFFICER, 

U. 8. 8. EagU, 



(ItaBonadaiB ftr Oonuodflra Bemej for lAronDfttloii of Kavy DopuiaMiil] 

U. 8. S. Eaqlr, 

At Sea, Julg 16, 1898. 

The EagU sighted and chased and caused the Spanish steamer &isfo Dimingo to 
run ashore off Piedras Pointy in the bight westward ol the Isle of Pines, on July 13, 1898. 

A wliite river steamer ran alongside her, apparently to discharge her, but was 
driven off by the £agW9 fire, and went to Batabano with officers, passengers, and 
erew of the 8anto Dowkimga, but none of her stores. 

8amto DawUnga was taken possession of as a prise, but being hard and fast aground, 
EagU set her completely on fire that night, and visited her each of the three suc- 
ceeding days, and found her still burning. 

On die 17th instant^ five days alter the Ssaio Dosiia^ was fired, this vessel, in 
oompaay wilii the JTasMlls, visited the scene of the wreck, the EaaU boarding her. 

Her entirs allsr part, wlilch was filled with grain, was one homing coal, flaming 
up in spots. 

The forward part was no longer burning, but was fiUed with water, the 12-inch 
gnus having apparently fallen m>m the burned skids to the vessel's bottom. The 
frames and beams of the vessel were marked in all directions, and she wss ss com- 
plete a wreck as could be imagined. 

The screw threads of the breech of each 4.73-inch breech-loading rifle were almost 
entirely hacked away. 

She was armed with two 4.73-inch Hontoria breech-loading rifles, and had a crew 
of 4 officers and 78 men, and carried 06 passengers. She had two 13-inch breech- 
loading riflee in her hold, and was litcurally packed with munitions of war, Uve 
stocky and food supplies and clothing, com, wheat, potatoes, bacon, ham, onions, 
blankets, etc. 

Her guis were loaded and magazines open when boarded. 

A la^ number of the Eaglet 6-pounder shells struck her, creating great havoc, 
but not setting her on fire. 

Yessel and cargo could not have been valued at much under $1,000,000. 

A detailed report will be made when EagU arrives in port. 
I have the honor to be, very respeotfulJy, 

W. H. H. SOUTHRRLAKD, 

lAeuienant, U. 8, 2f., Commamding* 
Commodore Rbmiey, U. S. N., 

CsBimafidant of NavaJ Base, Keg West, Flo, 



[Mamonuftdnm for Commodore Bemoy for information of Kavy Doportment.) 

U. S. S. Eaolk, 

At 8ea, Julg 17, 1898. 

Unless ruined by the salt water, a wrecking steamer, under convoy, could save 
the two 13-inch guns in the wreck of the Sanio Domingo, if the Bureau of Ordnance 
considers them worth saving. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. Southshland, 
LUuUnant, U, 8, N., Commanding* 
Ccaimodors Rkmxt, U. S. N., 

Commaniamt ^ Naval Baee, Keg Weet, FU, 



252 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Kkt West, Fla., July $1, 1898. 
NAViOATxoir, Navy Dkpartmtcnt, 

Washington, 2>. 0,: 

Destniotion of Santo Domingo by Eagle tme. Two 12-inoh ffanB are on bottom in 
bow of steamer, under 20 feet water. Can be recovered by aaitable wrecking 
apparatus if worth expense. 

Matnard. 



So. 132.] n. S. S. Marblehead, 3d Kate, 

OuantanamOj Cuba, July 18, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith reports of the com- 
mander and ezecative officer of the Annapolis relating to the sitaation 
at Baracoa. 

On the 14th instant I directed Commander Hnnker to proceed to 
Gape Maysi and Baracoa for the purpose of intercepting the schooner 
Maria Louise, which was carrying supplies into Baracoa from Port aa 
Prince. 

His instructions authorized him to be gone three days and to act at 
his own discretion in front of Baracoa. 
Very respectfully, 

B. H. MgGalla, 

Commander^ JJ. 8. N,y Commanding. 
The GOMMANBBR IN Ghief, 

N'orth Atlantic Station. 



U. S. S. Annapolis, 3d Bate, 
Ouantanamo, Cuba, July 18, 1898. 

Sir: In compliance with article 275, Navy Regulations, I respect- 
fully report that on the morning of the 15th instant, while olockading 
the port of Baracoa, Guba, I ran in and anchored the ship on the east- 
em side of Miel Bay, at a point about 1,200 yards from Matachin Bat- 
tery, at the eastern end of the town, in order to communicate with a 
party of Gubans encamped on the shore of the bay. Shortly afterwards 
an officer and several Cubans came on board, informing us that the 
Spanish soldiers, some 800 in all, were confined to the limits of the city, 
the insurgents holding the outside roads. 

After having been anchored about thirty minutes the enemy opened 
fire upon us with field pieces from Matachin Battery. Fire was returned 
at once from No. 6 gun, the anchor lifted, and the port broadside 
brought to bear. A lively cannonade ensued, with the result that the 
barracks in the rear of the fort were set on fire and the guns silenced. 
The sea was running so high that accurate firing was out of the ques- 
tion, and, not wishing to damage the town, which is peopled by Guban 
sympathizers, we hauled off out of range. 

The ship was struck several times by fragments of bursting shell, 
3^-inch, but no damage was done; no one was hurt. 

The officers and men behaved with great steadiness, the latter aiming 
and firing the guns with coolness and deliberation. 

The report of Lieut. O. W. Mentz, the executive officer, is forwarded 
herewith. 

Very respectfully, J. J. Hunker, 

Commander, U. 8. N., Commanding. 

The Commander in Chief, 

North Atlantic 8gua4ron, Flagship ITew York. 



BUEKAU OF NAYIGATIOH. 268 

13030a 

(Aeport of «ngaffeiii«it of AnmrnpciU with the MaUchin Bftttory ftt Banoo*, July 15, 1898.] 

U. 8. 8. Annapoub, 3d IUtb, 
Of Baracoa, Cuha, Jutjf 16, 1898. 

Sir: In oomplianoe with article No. 525, United States Nary Reffalationa, 1896, 1 
hare tbe honor to sabmit the following report of the engagement of thia ▼eeael with 
the Matacbin Batterr at Baraooa this a. m. 

AboQt 10.30 a. m. thia veasel anchored in Miel Bay, aboat 1,200 Tarda from Matacbin 
Battery, In 6 fathoms water, with 30 fsthoma chain on starboard anchor, and swung 
stem to the battery. 

AboQl 11.25 a. m. I noticed that a Spanish flag was being hoisted on the battery, 
and had the orderly report the fact to the commanding ofBoer. Aboat flye mhiotes 
afterwards (11.30 a. m.) a well-directed shot fh>m that battery passed over this ship, 
and the commanding officer at once fl^vs orders to get under way. to go to genem 
quarters, and to return the fire with No. 6 gun (the after 4-inch B. F.), and Uie alarm 
was given. 

The crew responded to the eall with alacrity, the guns were loaded, and the anchor 
lifted in almost an inaporeeiable length of ume. but there was a short delay in 
answering the firs of the oattery. There was a nussfire on the first shot, the proba- 
ble cause of which was a short circuit, as it was raining quite hard at the time. 
(The firing batteries had been tested Just a few hours previous and were apparently 
in good working order.) After this mishap a spirited fire was kept up by inis gun. 
No other gun oould be Drought to bear upon tne battery until the snip was under 
way. 

As soon sa the anchor was off the bottom the ship was turned with the starboard 
belm, and A the guns of the port batteiy oould be brooght to bear they, too» were 
fired. 

There was a very rough sea and it was impossible to fire No. 1 guns, as they were 
submerged when the ship piti*hed into the sea, and after three sho« it was necessary 
to close their ports and send their crews to other guns. 

After the first few discharges the smoke became very dense, and that, together 
with the rough sea, prevents good marksmanship. When the starboard battery 
was brooght to bear, the smoke cleared away somewhat and much better shooting 
waa done. Two shots were soeu to set fire to something within the fort» but the fire 
was soon estingubhe*!. At 12.05 p. m. the battery was secured. 

The total numlier of shots fired was two hundred and seTenty-fiTO-— one hundred 
and one 4-inoh, fiftjr-two 6-pounder, and one hundred and twenty-two 1-ponnder. 
The shots were fire<l with rapidity, and much damage must haye been done, as the 
battrry was silenced soon atVr our men got the range. 

The enemy kept up a continaal fire while Uie ship was getting under way and for 
momtm Ume after, and several fh^^nents of shell (apparently Mrapnol) landed on 
board« spent pieces striking two of the crew without injury. These men were on the 

Tir deck, one aft and one forward, and were struck at the same time, showing that 
thev were shot from a shrapnel its explosion was such as to scatter some of its 
bnlls fore and aft the riiip. Each of these piecee is of lead, fiattened out, and about 
I inch in diameter. A pieee of iron shell 2\ inches long by 1| wide hit the sailing 
lannch's strong back, struck the deck at the foot of the bridge ladder, making 
quite an indentation, struck the steam launch, and fell to the decs. The shell from 
which this piece came was seen to explode about 50 feet fh>m the ship, and moat of 
its Ikmgments passed over the ship. 

The conduct of the officers and crew was excellent. Eyen the men on the siok list 
▼nlmtarily roahed to their Quarters. This is the first time the erew has been under 
firs at aacb close range, ana there was no filnching, although the shot fell close to 
and paused oyer the ship. All were cool and eager to do their duty. No one is 
deserving of censure, nor !■ anyone specially denerving of praise. 

The battery worked satisfactorily, and the supply of ammunition was ample. 
Very respectfully, ^ ^ ,, 

n. W. MFVT7. 

LUnUHant, L\ S. A., Ktwmliic Ofic$r, 
The CoMMAJiDiiro OmcxR, 



254 BUREAU OF NAVIQATION. 

13030& 

[HoToments of Seorpion on Cape Onis blockade.) 

U. S. 8. Scorpion, 
Off La Ouayabal, Cubaj July 15, 1898. 

Sm: I have the honor to iiiforio you that the Scorpion arrived on this 
station off Cape Cruz on Sunday night last, and was joined bv the Histj 
Hornet^ and Wompatuck on Monday and the Osceola on Wednesday. 
The H%9t was sent to Santiago de Guba for coal on Monday. A strict 
blockade of Manzanillo has been kept up. It seems impossible to guard 
all the entrances to Manzanillo at night, there being so many, and still 
more impracticable to guard all the channels to these inner waters. 
Therefore at night one vessel was stationed near Golorado Point, that 
being sufBlcient to guard the approach to the Balandras Channel, and 
the other vessels, 2 miles apart, in the channel between Sevilla Gays 
and the Great Bank of Buena Esperanza. During the daytime these 
vessels have gone close under the land to watch. By this method 
Manzanillo has been completely isolated, not only from the sea, but 
from all the towns in these waters. 

On Wednesday the British schooner Edmund Bluni^ bound from Man- 
canillo to Lucea, Jamaica, with 68 refugees, mostly women, was boarded 
and allowed to proceed. The captain of the schooner reported that the 
people of Manzanillo were in a deplorable and famishing condition, all 
the food obtainable being appropriated by the 4,000 troops there. 
Nothing could be learned from him in regard to the fortifications or 
gunboats, except that the receiving ship Ponto Mariu was armed with 
six guns, two of them being 8-inch smooth bore. He also said that the 
harbor had lately been mined, but I doubt whether he knows anything 
about it. He furthermore informed the boarding officer that on July 
1 one shell staruck the Maria in the bow and kill^ 13 men at the guns; 
also that another shot struck her near the water line and sunk her, but 
that she had only 1 foot to go down. 

I regret to say that some houses had also been struck, but this could 
not be helped, as they attacked us from both shore and gunboats. 

On Wednesday we steamed in near La Guayabal to open communi- 
cation, if possible, the pilot having informed me that it was a fortified 
Gnban village. The commandante, Gervacio Sabio came off at once to 
communicate, and from him I learned that there were about 200 men 
under his command, guarding the coast between Santa Gruz and Man- 
zanillo; that the roads between those places were impassible owing to 
the condition of the rivers, and that frequent attempts were being made 
to send provisions fh)m smaller places to Manzanillo by water, espe- 
cially by small boats close along the shore; that his men were very badly 
armed and short of ammunition. This ship, at his request, fiirnished 
him with 10 rifles and 1,000 rounds to assist in preventing this traffic 
No more arms could be spared on board here, and the Hornet and Osceola 
could not spare any. 

We procured three native pilots, one for each vessel, through the 
commandante. They are not regular pilots, but will be of great help in 
these waters. No agreement has been made with them, and any com- 
I>ensation for them you may direct will undoubtedly be satisfactory. 

This morning we captured the schooner CarmiiOj of 20 tons, with men 
and women on bosurd, said to be refugees, and the schooner Farragutf of 
10 tonSy with respectable looking passengers on board. Both schooners 
have been anchored off La Guayabal| and the women from the first 



BUREAU OF NAYIGAnON. 256 

■ 

schooner aUowed to land, that being their desire. The captains of both 
these schooners verify the condition of alTairs at Manzanillo as reported 
by the captain of the schooner JBdmund Blunt 

I considered it onadvisable to permit any others to land at present 
and commnnicate onr movements. 

Toward noon the Bearpion steamed to Onatro Beales Ohannel, having 
made her rendezvoos at that place for that afternoon, and there reported 
to the commanding officer of the WilmingUm what is contained in this 
report He directed me to retam to the other vessels, hold the schoon- 
ers for the present, continue the present system of blockading, and 
await his arrival, making La Guayabal the rendezvous. He fiirther- 
more informed me that he did not wish to go to Manzanillo until he 
could do so in force. 

Very respectfally, A. Mabix, 

Ideutenant-Oamfnanderj U. 8. N'.y Commanding. 

The OOMKANBEB IN CHIEF 17. S. NAVAL FOBCB« 

Ifarih AUantio Station^ Santiago de Oubay Cuba. 



13030& 

(Report of aniyil of WUmingtcn at blocluide station.] 

Ko. 21.] n. S. 8. Wilmington, 3d Bate, 

Quayabalj Cubaj July 17^ 1898. 

Bib : In obedience to your orders of the 13th instant, I have to rei)ort 
the arrival of the Wilmington off Gape Oruz, on the 14thj for blockade 
duty in the vicinity of Manzanillo and the ports west of it. 

After communicating with the Wompatuok^ guarding the southern 
entrance of Manzanillo, I proceeded to Gnatro Reales Ohannel to guard 
that entrance to Santa Oruz del Sur until the arrival of the Selena and 
the HitU 

On the 16th, after overhauling two small craft found cruising around, 
which proved to be simple charcoal burners, I proceeded to Sfuita Gruz 
to observe the situation there at the water front. Gk>ing close, no ship- 
ping was found save small fishing craft. This being completed, and 
having ascertained from one of the charcoal men the probable location 
of the cable running from Santa Gruz to Jucaro, I proceeded to the 
location, grappled for, caught, and out the cable; then proceeded to the 
anchorage at Guatro Beales. 

The Helenaj Wompatuoky and Hist anchored outside of the Ouatro 
Beales Ohannel at dark that day. They having no pilot on board any 
of their vessels, and this vessel having a pilot on board, I went out 
this forenoon and showed them the way through, proceeding on to Bl 
Guayabal, some 20 miles northwest of Manzanillo, where we found 
the Scorpion^ Hornet^ and Oseeolaj which had been guarding the inshore 
exits from Manzanillo. Here preliminary plans were made for an 
exx)edition to Manzanillo to destroy any transports, gunboats, or other 
shipping belonging to the Spanish. 

very respectfully, 0. 0. Todd, 

Oommander^ U. B. if.. Commanding^ 

Senior Officer PreeenL 

The OoiOfANDBB IN Ohtbf U. 8. Naval Foboe, 

North AUantio Station, 



256 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

128510. 

U. S. Flagship San Fbanoisoo, 

Key Wes% Fla.j July 19j 1898. 

Sib : I inclose herewith a copy of a letter firom me to the commander 
in chief of the North Atlantic Squadron. 

I desire to call the attention of the Department to the traffic existing 

from Sagaa la Grande and adjoining ports to Havana. A thorongh 

blockade of Havana is impossible while this continaes. and I respei ^ 

ftilly reqnest that means be given me snfficient to break it np. 

Very resi^ectfnlly, 

J. A. Howell, 
Commodore^ U, Af. ilT., 
Commanding First Squadrany Norik AUantio Fleet 

The Seorbtary of the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Washington^ D. 0. 



tt- 



128S10. 

(Xfficiency of blcoVftde on north oomI of Cuba.] 

U. S. Flagship San Fbancisco, 

Off Nuevitasy Cuba^ July 17 ^ 1898. 

SiB: I have to report the following in regard to the blockade of the 
north coast of the Island of Gnba: 

In obedience to yonr telegraphic order of the 9th instant, forwarded 
to me through the commander in chief of the Key West Naval Base, I 
have extended the Cuban blockade throughout the entire northern 
coast of the island, as far as the number of vessels onder my oontrol 
will admit 

The vessels in question are at this date stationed as follows: 

Between Porto Tanamo aud Puuta Gorda: Topeka and Maple. 

Oibara and vicinity: Prairie, 

Nuevitas and vicinity: Badger. 

Cardenas and Matanzas: Fompey, UncaSj and Hudson. 

Havana, Mariel, and Bahia Honda: I left Havana on July 11, leaving 
Captain Ludlow, of the Terror j in charge there^ so that I can not give 
the exact distribution of the vessels in that vicinity. 

In my opinion this distribution is not sufficient to give a thorough 
blockade of the coa^t, and, if possible, ships should be assigned as 
follows: 

lo Tlcinity of Baracoa 1 

Ketween rorto Tanamo and Pnnta Gorda 1 

Gibaraand Tioinity 1 

Porto Padre, Porto Malagueta, and Porto Manati 1 

Niievitaaand vlrinity 1 

Itoca do Caravela and Boca do Gnajaba 1 

From Santa Maria Cay to FragoBo Cay 1 

From FragoaoCay to Dromedary Cay 1 

From Dromedary Cay to Hahiade Cadiz Cay •. 1 

From Bahia de Ca<liz Cay to Piedras Cay 1 

Matanzaa and vicinity 2 

Havana 10 

Mariel and Ticinitj 1 

Babia Honda and vicinity 1 

Paaaof JotiaatoPaMof Baena Vista 1 

Passof Bnena Vista to Cape San Antonio 1 

Total Si 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 257 

Of the vessels oflf Havan^k four sboald have a draft of not more than 
10 feet; if possible, two more should be heavy ships, and the remainder 
should be vessels of good speed. All present efforts seem to be toward 
ranning the blockade at this port by creeping along the shore, especially 
from the westward, and small, light-draft vessels are necessary to detect 
and stop this, while some ships of higher speed shonld be on hand to 
take up the chase. The heavy ships should be kep' there because of 
the moral effect, to serve as a rallying point for the lighter ships, to run 
under the batteries, to destroy blockade runners, if necessary, and to 
respond to the fire of the batteries if desired. 

At least six small vessels of not more than 6-feet draft and of con- 
siderable size, similar to those used on the rivers during our civil war. 
should be kept inside the keys between Oardenas and Nuevitas, ana 
two or three more inside the keys to the westward of Babia Honda. 

I find that ships can be on their stations for a really greater length 
of time if they are able to go into Key West, or some other port where 
they can get water for their boilers, about once in three weeks, than 
they can if coaled inside the keys, and I am in favor of that method of 
coaling and watering wherever it is possible. The better condition of 
the miMdiinery resulting from the use of fresh water in the boilers makes 
the ships more serviceable where this method can be followed. To do 
this would of course call for about a third more ships than those actu- 
ally on station, so that they could be relieved in turn. 

Thus a force of 40 ships and 12 of the craft for work inside the keys 
would make a complete and perfect blockade possible, keeping 27 ships 
on station all the time. 

Realizing that probably this number of vessels can not be sent to 
the duty, and that some parts of the coast will therefore probably have 
to be neglected, I have to recommend as specially worthy of care the 
following: 

Havana and vicinity, including Mariel and Bahia Honda. 

Cardenas to Nuevitas. 

Kuevitas to Porto Tanamo. The importance of this last section will 
be very largely diminished after the conquest of the Province of San- 
tiago, and the blockade could probably be discontinued there before 
very long. 

Assuming tiiat the main object of the blockade is to &cilitate the 
fall of Havana by preventing the ingress of stores into that city, there 
are two sections of the north coast to be considered. Blockade run- 
ning at Bahia Honda and Mariel can be easily prevented, especially as 
lack of railroad connections with Havana makes the transportation of 
stores from these points difficult. Havana itself is easily closed if 
only ten vessels of proper description can be kept there. Two ships at 
Matanzas will fully close that port Thus the ships in hand can easily 
guard this first section. 

The second section, from Piedras Gay to Nuevitas, is much more 
difficult to handle, and at present is the principal source of supplies to 
Havana. According to our best information, there is rail connection 
to the eastward from Havana as far as San Juan de los Remedies. 
Oargo landed anywhere inside these keys can be readily transshipped 
by boat and rail to Havana, and my reports show that much of this 
traffic has been going on. I have as yet been able to do nothing to 
stop it, from lack of ships, but I will give my attention to the matter 
as soon as possible. It is here that the very light draft vessels are 
needed, and this matter is of prime importance if the supply of pn> 

6898 17 



i_ 



258 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

visions to Havana is to be stopped. Naevitas should be blockaded for 
the same reason. 

I do not fear that supplies introduced to the eastward of Nuevitas 
or to the westward of Bahia Honda, on the north coast, can be gotten 
into Havana. 

While off Port Nipe I communicated with some Ouban insurgents at 
Port Banes. There were about 25 of them there, and no Spaniards, 
but they reported about 1,000 Spanish troops at Port Nipe. There is 
a small gunboat at Nipe, but I could not find out whether there were 
any batteries or not. Apparently there was one, but it would not open 
fire, although the Topeka stood in close enough to exchange shots with 
the gunboat without effect. 

I have endeavored to find some ports of refuge to be used in case of 
hurricanes, especially for the smaller craft. Port Banes is available 
for the small vessels, but that is the only one I have been able to find. 
There seems to be absolutely nothing of the sort in the vicinity of 
Havana. 

The Cubans at Banes offer to furnish pilots to take vessels into that 
port, and I have directed the commanding officer of the TopeJca to 
ascertain whether that port is available for larger vessels, and whether 
it is i)ossible to coal there from a collier. 
Very respectfully, 

J. A. Howell, 
Oommodorej U, 8. N.j Oammanding North Ouba Blockade. 

The OOMMANDBE IN CHIEF, 

North Atlantic Station^ Off Santiago de Ouba. 



13030X. 

No. 4-^98.] XJ. 8. Flagship San Fbanoisoo, 

Off Havana^ Ouba^ July 27 j 1898. 

Sib: After some weeks in charge of the blockade of the north coast 
of Ouba, I desire to make the following report, and to urge most strongly 
that steps be taken to keep ships enough engaged on the duty to remedy 
the present very unsatisfactory condition of affairs now existing. 

It is evidently the desire that Havana shall be closely blockaded, 
and if this can be thoroughly done during the summer, I have no doubt 
that much time and money and many lives will be saved when opera- 
tions are undertaken in this vicinity, if such operations are intended. 
• •••••• 

There are now here 2 small revenue cutters, 2 tugs, 1 converted yacht, 
2 gunboats, and this ship. The powerful batteries compel the ships in 
the center to remain at least 6 miles away in the daytime, while those 
at the ends must keep at least 10 miles from the Morro. The arc to be 
covered includes over seventeen points of the compass. Thus in the 
present state each ship has far more ground to cover than she should. 
There should never be less than 10 ships here, and 12 would be 
far better. At one time the blockade here was reduced to only 4 
small ships, and at another time the Mayfloicer was the largest ship 
here. Our best reports give at least 4 vessels of war inside Havana, 
among them the Conde de Venadito^ one of the FinzonSy and another 
ship similar to her, and an armed merchantman. The risk run by 
reducing the number of ships on the blockade under these circumstances 
is manifest, as is also the incompleteness of the blockade. 



BXTBEAU OF NAVIOATTON. 259 

At PiedrM Gay and MatensaB I now haye 4 ships— fhe collier Pampey^ 
the Uneagj the Hudson^ and the Mangrove — and these shonld keep op 
a fiur blockade of the port of Matanww and vicinity, as well as of the 
immediate entrance to Oaidenas. 

• •••••• 

I have so far been able to keep a single vessel off Bahia Honda and 
Marid only abont half the time. The Woodbury is now there, hot she 
most soon go into port for repairs and I have no vessel with which 
to replace her. This station is important not only for the blockade of 
the ports to the westward, bnt becanse most of the attempts to enter 
Havana come from tiiat direction, it being the direct rente firom Vera 
Groz to Havana. A good, &st vessel shonld, therefore, be kept on that 
station. 

As represented in my last letter to yon, a large traffic is going into 
Sai^na la Oranda and similar ports. No efforts have been miMle to stop 
this trade, nor have I received uiy orders to stop it, nor have I received 
any proclamation that that portion of the coast was nnder blockade. I 
consider that a blockade of Havana is of very litOe practical nse as long 
as these ports are left open. I can not too strongly nrge the necessity 
for establishing a complete blockade of the whole line of nortltem keys. 

Commodore Remey has done ever3rthing in his power to send me 
ships, and is stiQ continning his efforts, bnt the results are not satis- 
factory. To properly shnt ^1 supplies ont of Havana from the north 
side, the entire coast from Bahia Honda to Nenvitas, a coast line nearly 
400 miles in length, must be closely blockaded. To do this, I have at 
my disposal to-day 13 vessels, mostly tngs, etc. 

At least 10 of these vessels shonld be kept before Havana. The inade- 
quacy of the force is apparent. 

I respectfully request that ^ou will do all in your power to help mo 
to better the condition of afihirs on the north coast. Fearing that yon 
may be now on the way to Porto Bico, and consequently out of reach 
of nuul, I have sent a copy of this letter direct to the Department with 
a similar request for more ships. 

I inclose a copy of letter No. 28-'98, this day mailed by me to the 
Secretary of the Navy. 

Very respectfhlly, J. A. Howsll, 

Commodore^ United States iVTivy, 
Commanding First Squadron, Norik Atlantic Fleet. 

The OoMM AifDSB IN Ohirp North Atlantic Flebt, 

Key Wesij Flo. 



No. 28-^98.1 U. S. Flagship San Fbanoisgo, 

Off Havanoj Cuba, July 27, 1698. 

SiB: Since writing my letter. No. 4, of July 27 to the commander in 
chief of the North Atlantic Station, a copy of which is herewith 
inclosed, I have received fit>m Oommodore Bemey, in command of the 
Key West naval base, a copy of the Department's letter of July 19, in 
regard to the traffic between Mexico and Cuba, and in general to fail- 
ures in the blockade. My best efforts will be given to stopping such 
traffic as exists, but I can do very little unless I can get more ships. 
In this connection I desire to eal) attention to my letter to the com- 
mander in chief^ No. 1-^, of July 17, in regard to these matters, a 
copy of which was forwarded to the Department on July 19, with my 
letter to the Secretary, No. 2e-'98. 



260 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

The matters diseussed in these two letters are vital, and mnst be 
attended to at once if an efficient blockade of Havana is desired. 

I desire to call the attention of the Department to the incomplete- 
ness of the orders under which I am now acting. 

When commander in chief of the northern patrol squadron, at 
Provincetown, I received the following telegram on June 25: 

Proceed as soon as practicable in the Sao Francisco to Key West. Assemble all 
the vessels of the squadron uuder your command except the Minneapolis at Key West. 

Long. 

I arrived at Key West in the San Francisco on July 1, and had 
the ship coaled and fitted out. Beceiving no orders, I requested Com- 
modore Bemey to report the ship ready for sea, stating that there were 
no orders for me. He did so, and in answer received the following 
telegram: 

Naval Bask, Kbt Wxst, Fla. 

Replying to your telegram of to-day Commodore HoweU's duty is that formerly 
performed by Commodore Watson as inspector of blockade. The mail address of the' 
yuloan and St, Paul is Santiago; of the Mohawk, Norfolk yard. 

Long. 

Proceeding to the Havana blockade I relieved Oaptain Barclay as 
senior officer of the blockade, but found no instructions in regard to the 
matter other than Commodore Watson's directione to the ships actually 
off the port of Havana. I inspected the blockade between Bahia Honda 
and Oardenas, as to the best of my knowledge those are the limits of 
the blockade as established by the President in his original proclama- 
tion, as far as the north coast of the island is concerned. 

While off Havana on July 11 I received a cipher telegram from 
the commander in chief of the North Atlantic Station directing me to 
establish a special blockade from Port Nipe to Nuevitas for the purpose 
of cutting the communications of the Spanish troops at Santiago, should 
they retreat to Holguin. The same telegram directed me to so divide 
the rest of my force as to blockade the north coast as far as my means 
would permit. I did not have enough ships to maintain the blockade 
between Nuevitas and Port Nipe and between Bahia Honda and Car- 
denas, so I have not been able to carry out this order to its implied 
length. 

The July Naval Begister states that I am ^^ commanding First 
Squadron, North Atlantic Fleet," but I have never received any orders 
in regard to the matter. 

In order that I may fully understand what my duties are, I respect- 
fiiUy request information on the following pointe : 

a. What are the limits of my command! 

b. What portion of the Cuban coast is supposed to be blockaded! 
If the blockade has been extended beyond the original limits, I respect- 
fully request to be furnished with copies of the proclamations and cor- 
res|)onding instructions to blockading officers. 

Calling attention to the inclosed letter to the commander in chief, 
I respectfully request the Department's aid in securing ships enough to 
enable me to establish and maintain an efficient blockade of the north 
coast of Cuba. 

Very respectfully, J. A. Howell, 

Commodore^ United States Navy^ 
Commanding First Squadron^ North Atlantic Fleet. 

The Seoretauy of the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Washington. D, 0. 



BUREAU OF KATIOATIOn. 261 

D. S. 8. SnoBPios {2fi), 
On Blockade, off Cape Cm:, Cuba, July II, /«.9N. 
8iB: As the Sisl Uiui ouly tbree duys mure coiil.aiul can nut iwiwibly 
Rcutun ]at4!r than FriiUy, I am sending her to Uie Admiral to ooal up 
•Dd I tmat relnru as Hooii ut nhi^ can. 

have DoriBuIled with the commanding officers of the llixt, Bomrt, 
and Wttmvatuck, that little ticel having ju»t urriv«d after cutting the 
>bli% and tb<?f all etrcnuoiixlj' ndvise not to attt^uipt another bit at 
KanzaDillo until ire have at leuitt one protected man-of-war here. 

An they an.' lietter acouaitit«Ml than 1 am with all the forces around 
Uii>»» |iiirr«, I have cooclnded to forward to you their siiggeations. 

Th«-y say that in ca:<ethe iSi.'orpir>n should be knocked ont by a vhanee 
•hot in h«r steam pl[)e, or any other vnlnerable part, the whole thing 
voitld be brought to a standstill; whereas if we had at least one proper 
Bian-of war, like the Helena, we could make the round of alt the places 
•nd knock them all out; which seema to be a very desirable result. 

I am therofore willing to give up the op)>ortunity of being in com- 
mand of the exi>edi[ion, in order to insore success; expecting, ofoouree, 
that I am to remain and be a part of it 

The other three also make special re<iueHt to the same effect. 
Until I bear from the Admiral we will keep a vigilant blockade here, 
iand 1 think I can aaaore yon that nothing will get int^t Maniranillo. 
Ueutenant Young will explain to you the dilterent forces, afloat and 
ibore, at each place. 

I triMt yoB will anderatand that I am wilting and aniioos to pro- 
wd wiUtoat any additional force, if the Admiral does not approve of 
tndinK araeahU' man-of-war, or even the Manninj); bat it seems to me 
I be rnibt to fonranl this communication first- 
Very tespwetfully, 

A. Harix, 
LieuUmant Comnamfer, V, 8. If., Oommixnding. 
P. B.CIIADW1CE, 
Vkitf of Staff, V. 8. Saral Foree, 

North Atiantie Station, 



13030& 



U. 8. 8. WlI.MINOTnK. 3d RATB, 

Off Ufan^anillo, Ouba, JmIi/ 18, 1898. 

Snt: At 7 a. n. this morning the veanelfi on l>lo<;kade duty in this 

I'luity, consisting of the Wilmington, Ilflena, Scorpion, Hint, Uomet, 

J IH'ompaluek, and f)»eeola, approached the harbor of Manunillo fhim the 

Ivestwanl, bavine lendezvoased at Guayabal laAt evening. 

' At 7.30 tlte Hilnia^toa and Helena entered the nort.hem channel 

toward tb«dty; the .Sn>r7>ion and (ttceola tbemid chnnnel between two 

gays not abown on the chart; the //i«(, i/ornr(, anil (ruin;fa(u<rjtoiil«red 

'~f the sontb entrance, the moTemeols of the voAHels being so timed as 

looome within effective range of the shijiping nl>(>iit the same time. At 

7JtO lira was oponud on the shipping as the vessels came into position; 

and Kfler addtboratc fire laHting during two and a half honrs, tbrea 

H ttaa^orts, £t Qhria, Jot^ Garcia, and A'( I'yriatima Concepcitin were 

^^^mod ud dostroyed : the Ponton, which is the harbor goard and store- 

^Blktp^ probably for ammaQition, was burned and blew np; three gna- 



262 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

boats were destroyed; one other driven ashore and sunk, and another 
driven ashore and believed to have been disabled. 

The fire was maintained at a range that was believed to be without 
the range of the shore artillery known to be here, and ooutinned np to 
the close of the engagement, by which time, by gradually closing in, the 
shore batteries and field artillery opened fire at comparatively close 
range, and the vessels were recalled, the object of the expedition hav- 
ing been accomplished and the ideas of the commander in chief carried 
oat, as I understood them ; that is, to destroy the enemy's shipping, bat 
not engage the field batteries or forts. 

No casoalties occurred on board any of the vessels. One S-pounder 
gun mount on board the Wompatuck was disabled, the reason being that 
it was not properly secured. The starboard forward 4-inch mount on 
board this vessel was, for a few minutes, disabled by reason of the ele- 
vating arm being cracked. 

The present force will remain in this vicinity over night to guard 
against possible attempts to escape on the part of the shipping here. 

There being quite a large force of Cuban soldiers in the vicinity, the 
opportunity will be used, if possible, to communicate with them and 
get definite information as to the status of the force on shore. 

Oreat care was taken in directing the fire that as little damage as 
possible be done to the city itself; and, as far as could be observed, little, 
if any, was done. 

Further movements of the force will depend upon circumstances 
which may arise and of which the commander in chief will be notified. 

All the vessels were handled with sound discretion and excellent 
judgment by their several commanding officers, which was to have been 
expected from the men oommauding the vessels of this force. They 
appreciated in full, as shown by the handling of the several vessels, the 
wishes of the commander in chief in the operations now going on in 
these waters; that is, not to expose the vessels unnecessarily, but to 
bum and destroy, where practicable, any shipping that may prove of 
use to the enemy. 

Very respectfully, 0. 0. Todd, 

Commander^ U. 8. N.j Commanding, Senior Officer Fresenk 

The Oommandeb in Ohief U. S. Naval Foboe, 

North Atlantic Station* 



13358& 

[Part taken by Seorpion in sngagement at Maneanillo Jaly 18, 1898.] 

U. S. S. Scorpion (26), 
Off ManzanillOj Cuba, July 19, 1898. 

Sir: Id accordnnco with the requirements of Article 437 of the Navy 
Begulations, I respectfully submit the following report in regard to the 
part taken by the Scorpion during yesterday's engagement in the harbor 
of Manzanillo. 

My orders from the senior officer were to enter the harbor, accom- 
panied by the Osceola, by a channel discovered by us on July 1, nearly 
abreast of the city, and to open fire upon the gunboats at the same time 
that the Wilmington opened fire upon the transports and the ponton 
Maria, but as far as possible to keep out of range of the shore batteries. 

In obedience to this order we entered the harbor at 7 a. m., firing 
the 6-pounders and machine guns into the cays on the port side as we 



BURBAU OF NAVIGATION. 263 

passed in, and then approached the ganboats, opening fire npon the 
sonthemmost one at the same time that the \\ Umington commenced 
firing. 

After running this ganboat on shore, to all appearances destroyed, 
this ship backed in and took the other three ganboats, which were 
south of the city, in the order in which they were lying. It was adyis> 
able to back in so that our port battery would be brought to bear, one 
of our starboard 5inch guns being disabled. In succession another 
gunboat was sunk and a third was set on fire and blown up. She had 
considerable ammunition on board. 

So fiur the gunboats had made very slight resistance, and as far as 
we could see there had been no reply firom any of the shore batteries, 
l^ot being able to reach the fourth gunboat where she lay, dose inshore 
and near the city, without having the houses in range, the Scorpion 
was turned around, steamed in, and placed in position abreast of and 
dose to this vessd. Orders were given to obtain the range with two of 
the 6-pounder8y after whidi the first shdl from the 5inch gun blew her 
up, apparently having struck the boilers. Either this or our dose 
proximity seemed to dedde the enemy at the fortifications and the 
artillery batteries to open fire, which they did, concentrating their fire 
at first upon this ship. 

We were so dose inshore that our sharpshooters endeavored to pick 
off the officers on horseback who were riding around issuing orders to 
the different batteries. 

As soon as the shore batteries opened fire upon us we returned it, 
and continued firing until we had steamed out of range, having. In 
obedience to a signal from the senior officer, retired. 

There were no casualties on board this ship, nor was she hit 

In my opinion the successful result of this engagement is due to a 
large extent to the system of *' gun captains" lately established in the 
Navy. The four on board tiiis ship dUd splendid firing, with decisive 
results. No doubt the want of a similar system in the Spanish navy 
accounts for the few casualties we have had during the present war. 
Very respectfiiUy, 

A. Mabix, 
Ideutenant-Oommander^ U. 8. if., Commanding. 

GOMMANDVB IN OHIXF U. S. NAVAL FoBOB, 

North Ailantio Station, U. S. Flag$hip Now York. 



13030& 

(Bn|pig«B0nl of ITmimI al Maniiifflo, July IS* U08, and destnietloii of ■mill Sponltb toomIo.] 

XT. S. S. HOBNBT, 

Off ManzanillOf July 18, 1898. 

Sib : In compliance with artide 475, U. S. Navy Begulations, I have 
the honor to report as follows: 

About 3 a. m. July 18, 1898, the Hornet left Ouaeabal in company 
with squadron under command of Commander O. O. Todd, IT. S. N., and 
composed of the Wilmington, Helena, Scorpion, Hist, Hornet, Womp<h 
tuek, and Osceola. 

At about 6.45 a. m. signal was made to separate by preconcerted 
plan, the Wilmington and Helena entering ManzaniUo by north cbannd. 
Scorpion and Osceola by middle channel, Hist, Hornet, and Wompatuek 
hy south diannd. 



264 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

The ffutt, Hornet, and Wompatuck fired on adjacent keys while enter- 
ing, to clear oat soldiers. All arriving within firing distance of Manza- 
nillo about same time, fire was opened on shipping abont 8.20 at long 
range, the range being reduced gradually. 

The following vessels were destroyed: Oun vessels Maria Ponton^ 
Delgado PeradOy JosS Oarciaj and Cuba JEspanol burned : also trans- 
port Oloria and merchant steamer Purissima Ooncq^cidn, The Estralia, 
Ouwntanamo, Ouardien, and Sentinel Delgado destroyed and beached in 
shallow water; perhaps other vessels that I do not know of. 

It was not intended to do any damage to the city, but vessels being 
anchored close in, considerable ii^nry was probably done to water front 
by shells going high. 

The Hornet fired at and is known to have struck each and all of these 
vessels several times, the aim of the gun captains being remarkably 
good. 

According to plans of senior officer, there was to be no attempt made 
to reduce the shore batteries, but toward close of the engagement the 
Hometj being close in, was opened on by them with a vigorous fire. 
The Hornet returned same briskly. 

At 11.20 Wilmington hoisted general recall, and all vessels retired by 
.same channels which they entered, the Hornet turning under fire of the 
batteries. 

The fom^t fired four hundred and twenty-nine 6-pounder shells, two 
hundred and fifbynine 1-pounder, and sixty .303 caUoer from Hotchkiss 
automatic guns. 

There was no damage either to vessel or personnel. Ammunition 
and guns worked well. Wind west-northwest and light. Sea smooth. 
Ship worked well. 

Ensign Fewel commanded forward division, and had general super- 
vision. Ensign Earle conned ship. Naval Cadet Owen commanded 
after division. 

Every officer and man did his duty as I understand it. 
Very respectfully, 

J. M. HVLM, 

Lieutenanty XT. 8. J^T., Commanding. 

Bear- Admiral W.T. Sampson, U. S. N., 

Commander in Chief U. 8. Naval Force^ 

North Atlantic Station. 



130306. 

[PaitloipAtl<m In attaok on enemy*B TesMla in ICanunillo July U, 1898.] 

U. S. S. WOMPATUOK, 

Off ManzaniUo, Guha^ July 19, 1696. 

Bm : In accordance with article 437, United States Navy Regulations, 
I have the honor to report that this vessel participated in the attack 
upon the enemy's war vessels and shipping in the harbor of Manzanillo 
yesterday with the Wilmington, Helena, Scorpion, Hist, Hornet and 
Oiceola. 

Firing by our vessels began at about 7 a. m. and continued until 
10.30 a. m. 

' This vessel, in company of the Hiet and Hornet, entered the harbor 
by the south channel. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 266 

This Tessel passed through the harbor, leaving it by the north chan- 
nel, having crossed the range of the shore batteries. 
Daring the engagement the following vessels were destroyed, vis: 

(1) Gunboats: Mai^ PowlofiyftireUay and jDi0i$MMioP«iTado--burned 
and sunk. 

(2) Gunboats: Ouanianamo aud Ouardian — forced ashore and de- 
stroyed. 

(3) Transports: Oloria and Jo$i Oareia — burned and sunk. 

(4) Supply steamer Purissima Caneepeidn — burned and sunk at dock. 
This vessel expended one hundred and fifty-one 3-pounder shell and 

one hundred and one 47*"* sheU. 

Forward 3-pounder gun mount sheared rivets after eighteenth shot 
and was tiiius disabled. 

Ko casualties or damages to ship. 

The supply of ammunition is now reduced to 351 rounds 3-pounder, 
261 of which is armor-piercing, and to 133 rounds 47°"° common shell. 
Ammunitiou has been required, but so far none has been obtainable. 

Two 6-pounders, mounts, and ammunition are requested by this 
vessel 

Very respectfully, O. W. Jungen, 

Lieutenanij U. 8. ^T., Cammaming. 

GoM]iAin>SB IN Ohibf U. S. Navai« Fobob, 

North AUaniie StoKon. 



[B0port of tngjtgjBmmX At MainMilDo, Jnly 18, IBtt.] 

IT. S. S. OSOBOLA, 

Ouayabalj Cubay July 19j 1898. 

8iB: The following report of the engagement of yesterday at Man- 
sanillo is resi>ectftilly submitted: 

At 3J20 a. m., Jvfy 18, this vessel, in company with the WUminffton^ 
Heiena. Seorpianj Hut, Hametj and Wampatueky got underway firom 
Guayaoal and headed for Manzanillo. About 7 a. m., in obedience to 
signal, the rear division, Hi$tj Hametj and Wompatuekj headed for the 
soutiiem entrance to Manzanillo; the center division, Scorpion and 
Oteeola, headed for the entrance between the cays and abreast of Oaina- 
mera Point. The leading division, Wilmington and Helena^ headed for 
the northern entrance. At 7.30 a. m. this vessel began shelling the 
cays on the starboard side of entrance; the Scorpion at the same time 
opened fire on the port side. Both vessels entered the channel together, 
after which the Scorpion forged ahead and took up a position inside 
the cays. This vessel kept her position to starboard or southward of 
the Scorpion inside the cays. The Wilmington aud Helena had mean- 
while attained tiieir positions at the north entrance and the Hiet, Hornet^ 
and Wompatw^ had arrived to southward of the center division. Our 
position brought us about 1,000 yards firom the nearest point of land, 
and the firing was maintained with the Gk^tling and 6-miUimeter Oolt 
at ranges varrying from 1,000 yards to 1,500 yards along the shore. 
The 6-iM>unders and 3-pounders were fired at the enemy's armed vessels 
at ranges varying from 1,800 yards to 3,200 yards. On entering the 
harbor we found the enemy's vessels disposed as follows : Beginning at 
north end of harbor, three transports were moored to a wharf next a 
gunboat dose inshore; then the Ponton Marie; then two gunboAtR. 



266 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

together and close to the wharf; just inside of Oainamera Point lay the 
fifth gunboat. All of these yessels were set on fire and destroyed except 
three of the gunboats, that were sunk or stranded. A deliberate fire 
was maintained until the general recall and signal to cease firing was 
made at 11 a. m.. with the exception of fifteen minutes allowed the crew 
for coffee just after 9 a. m. The gun captains did excellent shooting. 
The enemy's vessels did not offer much resistance. Toward the end of 
the engagement this vessel closed in with the Scorpion on the enemy, 
when he opened a well-sustained fire on us from his shore batteries. 
No casualties occurred. At the end of the engagement a carefnl 
examination was made to ascertain if a Spanish flag could be seen. 
We saw none. 

Very respectfully, J. L. Pubgell, 

Lieutenanty U, 8. N,j Commanding, 

The COMMANDEB IN CHIEF U. S. NAVAI. FoBGE, 

North Atla/ntio Station. 



130306. 

[Beport of en/casement of Annt^olU at Kipe Bay, Cuba.] 

XT. S. S. Annapolis, 3d Eats, 

Port Nipcy Cuhay July 21^ 1898. 

Sib : I respectfully report that, in obedience to your order of the 18th 
instant, I steamed into and took possession of the Bay of Nipe this 
forenoon, in company with the TFo^, Leyden^ and Topeka. The latter 
vessel I found on the blockade outside. 

Arriving inside, we found the Spanish cruiser Jorge Juan at anchor 
near the mouth or the harbor. After returning our fire for a short 
time she began to sink, and was soon after deserted by her crew. She 
now lies in 6^ fathoms, the water reaching above her hammock raQ. 

Before we steamed in, Lieutenant-Oommander Gowles, commanding 
the IT. S. 8. Topeka^ told me that he had been informed by the insur- 
gents in the neighborhood that the bay was held by 800 Spanish troops, 
and that the mouth of the harbor was closed by 30 mines, electric and 
contact. Either the water was too deep or the mines were out of order, 
for no explosion took place, although one contact mine was seen float- 
ing on the surface by the commanding officer of the Dupont when he 
entered the harbor. 

Everybody on the ship, both officers and men, behaved well, the 
crew firing the guns with coolness and deliberation. 

I will forward the report of the commanding officers of the other ves- 
sels when they are handed in. 

I have received the order to proceed to Gape San Juan with the Tf a«p, 
the order to direct the Leyden to deliver instructions for the monitors, 
and to then proceed to the same place. 

Very respectfully, J. J. Huneeb, 

Oommanderj U. 8. N'.j Commanding. 

The OOMMANDEB IN OHIEF, 

North Atlantic Squadron. 



SUBSAU OF NAYIGATION. 267 

13772& 

pK^wi of engageiiMiit at NIpe Bay, Calia.] 

XT. S. S. Annapolis, 3d Bate, 

At SeOj September 3y 18^8. 

SiB: In compliance with your letter of Anj^ast 10, 1898, 1 have care- 
fully revised the report upon the action at Nipe Bay, and respectfully 
retam it herewith, with the more spedflc information requested. 

When I gave the commanding officers of the Waspt^nd Leyden ordevB 
to approach the entrance of the harbor and develop the strength of 
the battery at Boma Point under cover of the heavier vessels, each 
was so anxions to lead, although I had given Lieutenant Ward orders 
to do so, that they raced forward at full speed and drew ahead a mile 
or more, or further than I had intended, before they were stopped by 
the J4>rge Juan. They began firing at 4,000 yards, we at 6,000 yards, 
five or six minutes later. They thereforo sustained the enemy's fire, 
with their comparatively light batteries, for fully six minutes before 
we came within effective range. I sincerely hope that their dash and 
oourage will be properly appreciated and well rewarded. 

I inclose the revised report of the executive officer of this ship and 
the report of the executive officer of the Wasp^ which last was received 
some time after I had forwarded my original report. 
Very respectfully, 

J. J. HUNEBB, 

Commander^ U. S. N»y Commafuling. 

The GoMMANDBB IN Ohibf IJ. S. Naval Foboes, 

Korth Atlantie Station. 



XT. S. S. Annapolis, 3d Bate, 
Port Nipey Cubay July 21y 1898. 

Sib : I respectfully report that, in obedience to your order of the 18th 
instant, the AnnapolU this afternoon steamed into and took possession 
of the Bay of Nipe in company with the Watpy Leydenj and Tapeka\ 
the latter vessel I found on the blockade outside. 

Before we entered, Lieutenant-Oommander Cowles, oommandiog the 
17. S. S. Topek4iy reported that he had been informed by the insurgents 
in the neighborhood that the bay was held by 800 Spanish troops; that 
there was a battery on the bluff at the entrance; that there were three 
Spanish war vessels in the port— one third-class cruiser and two gun- 
boats— and that the mouth of the harbor was closed by 30 mines, elec- 
trical and contact. As it turned out, in passing through we were either 
lucky enough to avoid them or the mines were inefficient, for no explo- 
sion took place, although one contact mine was found floating in the 
channel by the commanding officer of the Dupant when he entered the 
harbor, a few hours later, and two were seen by the commanding officers 
of the Watp and LeydeUy while on our way out, moored from 8 to 10 
feet below the surface — mines of the same pattern as those found in 
Gnantanamo Harbor. 

All preparations being completed, I sent the Wasp and Leyden ahead 
to reconnoiter the battery on Boma Point, the bluff to the right of the 
channel, with orders to report. At 12.20 p. m., as they neared the turn 
in the entrance and opened the bay, the Watp signaled *< Enemy's 
Teasel in sight." The moment the signal was made out the Annapolii^ 



268 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

directing the Topeka to follow, increased her speed and under forced draft 
pushed rapidly into the harbor. As the Wasp and Leyden approached 
Koma Point, they, at 12.30 p. m., fired a few shots at the earthworks 
visible there, developing the fact that the gnns had been withdrawn. 
As we steamed through the channel after the two leading vessels, shots 
were fired from the 6-pounders, 1-pounders, and Colt's automatic gun 
in the top, to clear thebeaches and woods of sharpshooters, and ten 4-inch 
shells were fired at the signal station battery on the blufi; 

At 12.45 p. m. the enemy was seen to open fire upon the Wasp. This 
was at once returned by both Wasp and Leyden at 4,000 yards. Then 
separating, the Wasp moving to starboard and the Leydsn to port, 
apparently to clear the way for our fire, they appeared to slow down as 
if waiting for the heavier vessels. For a short interval, from five to 
six minutes, they sustained the fire from the enemy's guns unsupported ; 
but by 12.51 the Annapolis had cleared the channel and was within 
range. We promptly opened fire with the 4-inch rapid-fire on the fore- 
castle at 6,000 yards, making good practice. As we closed, all the guns 
of the port battery were brought into play, fire being kept up until the 
action was over. As we drew nearer, the enemy's vessel was struck in 
the bow by a 4-inch shell from the Annapolis^ causing her to sink. (See 
also report of commanding officer of Leyden.) About this time the 
crew began deserting her, escaping to the shore and up the Mayari 
Eiver in boats, one of them a steam launch. A little later her colors 
were shot away. The Leyden then, at 1.15 p. m., signaled that the 
enemy had surrendered. The smoke from our gnns was so thick that we 
did not ourselves discover it at the moment, although we were within 
1,700 yards. All the vessels ceased firing, and it was seen that the 
enemy was sinking. Our last round was fired at 1.18 p. m., at an eleva- 
tion of 1,700 yards. Thirty 4-inch and ten 6-ponnder shells were fired 
at her from this ship. At 1.45 p. m. she went down, bows first, and now 
rests on the bottom, standing upright in 6 fathoms of water. She 
could be easily raised. 

The Topeka followed us in, firing at the earthworks on Boma Point 
and afterwards at what appeared to be a fort on Port Tobacco; but as 
the three leading vessels lay between her and the enemy she was un- 
able at anytime to direct her guns on the Spanish cruiser. She remained 
in the harbor until 6 o'clock, when she left for Key West with dispatches. 

The enemy's vessel, whicn proved to be the Don Jorge Juan (displace- 
ment, 935 tons; draft, 15 feet; armament, three 6.2 Palliser rifles, two 
3-inch Kmpp guns, and two revolving cannon; complement, 146 men), 
was anchored in the bay 3 miles from the entrance with no steam up, 
and was evidently not expecting an attack. They seemed convinced 
that the mines planted in the channel leading into the harbor rendered 
them safe from outside attack. 

The Wasp and Leyden were then sent on a scouting expedition. After 
a thorough search they returned and reported that there were no other 
vessels in the bay. 

Although the ships were exposed for some time to a sharp rifle fire 
from the Spanish troops stationed on the blufiT to the right of the en- 
trance and to the fire of the guns of the Jorge Juan for about thirty 
minutes, there were no casualties ; none of the vessels were struck. We 
were unable to learn the extent of the enemy's losses. 

After the Dupont sailed for Ouantanamo we were told by insurgents 
on shore that the Spaniards had, upon our appearance in the harbor, 
taken a small gunboat or steam launch, of about 60 tons, armed with 
two Nordenfeldt guns, up the Mayari Biver abreast the anchorage, and 
sunk her. 



BUBRAU OF NAVIGATION. 269 

The aext morning the mayor of Nipe informed me that all the Span* 
iah soldiers in the vicinity, together with the orews of the two vessels, 
had left the bay the night of onr arrival and gone to Holgoin. He told 
me also that he knew where fourteen of the mines were located. 

Upon leaving the port this morning we ooald plainly see the bnoys 
and connections and the signal ranges on shore marking the position 
of the torpedoes. We counted twelve of them. These mines can be 
easily fonud and lifted. They lie in the center of the entrance along 
the narrow part of the channel, and are arranged zigzag. By hugging 
the southern shore, as we did in coming out, they can be plainly seen 
and readily avoided. 

I can not too highly praise the spirit shown by the commanding offl- 
oers of the Topekoj Wiup, and Lejfdem in taking their vessels through 
the mine fields into Nipe Bay, the courage exhibited by Ideutenaut 
Ward and Ensign Crossly in engaging the more heavily armed Spanish 
cruiser, for a time unsupported, or the eagerness with which the com- 
manding officers of the Wa$p and Lt^den thanked me when I gave them 
the order to enter. Such zeal and courage deserve special commenda- 
tion and reward. 

On board the Annapoli$ Lieutenant Mentz, the executive offlceri who 
most coolly and effectively directed the gun fire, and Lieutenant Boush, 
the navigator, who skiUfuUy conned the ship through the channel and 
into action, deserve special commendation, and their services will, I 
hope, be rewarded. Everybody on boara, both officers and men, 
behaved with the greatest coolness and courage, and all deserve the 
greatest praise. 

Very respectfuUy, J. J. Hunksb, 

Commaad^r, XT. 8, i\r., Commanding. 

The OoxMANDEB IN Oai£P U. S. Naval Fobobs, 

Xorth Atlantic Station. 



IT. S. S. Annapolis, 3d Rate, 
Newporiy R. /., September 6^ 1898. 

8iB: I forward herewith Lieutenant Mentz's report of the action at 
Nipe Bay, Guba, overlooked in sending the other reports yesterday. 
Very respectfullyy 

J. J. HUNKEB, 

OommandeTy U. S. N.^ Commanding. 

The GoMMANDBB IN Ohief it. S. Naval Fobobs, 

North Atlantic Station. 



U. S. S. Annapolis, 3d Bats, 
At Sea, of Cape Ftar, North Carolina, S^tew^ber 9, 1898. 

Sib: My report of the engagement of this Teasel with the Spanish ominr Don 
Jorgo Juan on Jnly 21, 1898, naying been rstarned to me for roTisioni with instruc- 
tions to be more explicit, particolarly as to times and distances, I haye the honor to 
■abmii the following sap piemen tary report: 

At 13^ p. m. this yessel went to general qnarters. We had then entered the bay 
and were not more than 1 mile astern of the leading yessels, the Lojfdem and Waopt 
and were olose to the Topoka. We at that time (12.20 p. m.) were steamins at tail 
speedy and the speed was not decreased until we were less than 2,000 yards nom the 
JoTfo Juan, We opened fire at the beaches and bluffs when opposite Pnnta Boma 
with No. 5 gun, and at an eleyation of 1,500 yards, at 12.30 p. m. 

When nearly opposite Punta de la Saetia, 2 miles £srther on, I saw the Jotgo Juan 
open fire on the rTaup, which vessel was inside of the harbor on the starboard side 
M the channel about 1 mile ahead of us, and apparently stopped or slowed dowa. 



270 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

The Leyden was also inside of the harbor, about the same distance off, on the port side 
of the channel. She also had apparently stopped. Time, 12.46 p. m. 

We were at this time, when the Jorge Juan opened fire, abont 3 miles from thai 
Tessel and within ranffe of onr 4-inoh gnus, so I ordered tne gun captains to fire on 
her at an elevation of 6,000 yards. As soon as the forecastle gun was aimed it was 
fired, and the shell fell close to the enemy's ship. This was before he had fired his 
second shot, and was abont 12.49 p. m. 

fYom this time (12.49 p. m.) the 4-inch and the 6-poander gnns of the port battery 
fired rapidly, bat with careful aim, at the Jorge Juan, each gan discharging shell as 
follows (the firing was excellent^: No. 6 (4-inch gnn), four shell; No. 5 (4-mohbow 
gan), twenty -one shell; No. 4 (4-inch gan), one shell; No. 2 (4-inoh gnn), four shell; 
No. 1 (6 pounder, port), ten shell. The remainder of the ammunition expended was 
fired at the bluffs and at the beaches. We ceased firing at 1.18 p. m., when within 
2,000 yards of the Jorge Juan, the last elevation of sights being 1,700 yards. 

I add a list of the officers and their stations, having neglected to do so in my 
previous report : 

Lieut. G. J. Boush, U. 8. N., navigator, on the bridge and in the top. 

Lieut. G. W. Kline, U. S. N., in charge of ammunition supply. 

Ensign H. J. Ziegemeier, U. 8. N., in charge of the first and second divisions of 
guns on the £un deck. 

Ensign J. T. Tompkins, U. 8. N., in charge of the third division of gnns on the 
spar deck. 

P. A. Engineer G. B. Salisbury, U. 8. N., in charge of engine. 

Asst. Paymaster J. Fyffe, U. S. N., in charge of after part of powder division, as an 
assistant to Lieutenant KUne. 

Cadets 8ales, Matthews, and Lewis, assistants to ensign Ziegemeier on the gun 
deck. 

Cadet Miller, assistant to Ensign Tompkins on the spar deck. 

Asst. Surg. ». B. Palmer, U. 8. N.. sick bay. 

The officers in charge of the divisions have at all times oheerfhUjr aided me in the 
execution of my duties, and the excellent firing and general efficiency of the crew 
is largely due to their valuable assistance. 

My original report is hereto attached. 

Very respectfully, G. W. Mbntz, 

Lieutenant, U. S. N,, Exeouiive Officer, 

The CoBiMAKDiNQ Officbr, 

U, 8, 8. Annapolis, 

U. 8. 8. Annapolis, 8d Ratb, 

Nipe Bay, Cuba, July £1, 1898. 

8iR : I have the honor to submit the following report of the engagement of this 
vessel this afternoon with the 8panish cruiser Jorge Juan. 

Although the ship is more or less cleared for action at aU times, there are still many 
things to be done just before going into action which take up time, and the ship was 
thoroughly cleared in the morning watch. 

Duriuff the forenoon and when still some distance from Nipe Bay, orders were given 
the Leythn and Wasp to reconnoiter, and at 12.20 p. m. these vessels having entered 
so far that they could see past Soma Point up the bay, signaled '* Enemy's vessel in 
sirfit." 

Our crew was at dinner. The alarm for "General quarters" was at once sounded, 
and in an instant all were at their stations, the guns having been previously 
provided. 

We went alongside the Topeka and the commanding officer gave to that vessel the 
order to "Follow me." Being asked by the Topeka if he saw "tiiat vessel astern," 
the commanding officer replied: "No; follow me, sir;" and we started ahead fiUl 
speed. 

The vessel astern proved to be the U. 8. 8. Panthert but in the repetition of this 
order "Follow me, sir," there was the acceptance of a possible danser astern and of 
a known and hidden danger immediately in front (torpedoes and mines), and it 
inspired both officers and crew with confidence and enthusiasm, and a determination 
to cheerfully follow where the commanding officer would lead; and, sir, you have 
]ust reason to be proud of the zeal, coolness, and eagerness to do their duty displayed 
jy your subordinates upon this occasion, when they knew that they might be blown 
up at any moment. 

As we passed through the channel where the mines were, the 1-pounder rapid-fire 
and Colt's automatic gun in the top, and the sharpshooters on deck, the two 6-poundeiB 
on each side of the gun deck, and the remaining 1-pounder on the spar decK shelled 
the beaches on each side to disconcert any of the enemy stationed there to explode 
the mines, while all the 4-inoli guns directed their lire higher up on the bluffs. 



BUBBAU OF NAYIOATION. 271 

A flrng hftTioff been hoitted hiffh ap on the bloff at Roma Pointy a few weD-aimed 
ahell were exploded there, and &e Ticinil^ was qnickly deserted. So also were the 
beaehes lower down, and tiie enemy's miisKetry fire proTod but a feeble resistance to 
oor pasaaice. No mines exploded. 

Passing Roma Point, the Wan and Ltjfdm already in position on each side of the 
channel, witii a clear passage Miead for this yesseli the enemy's ressel was seen to 
open fire. Her shell fell short. 

We bad now come within range of our 4-inoh gnns. Keeping the enemy a little 
on oor port bow, No. 5 gun was fired with deliberation, and as we were approaching 
at fall speed the distance was deereasing rapidly; so its captain, Boatswain Mate 
lloran, soon did excellent firing. 

The enemy then directed bis fire at this ressel, but all his shot fell short and no 
damage was done to this vessel. 

It was seen that he was c*aght onprepared ; he was at anchor, with no springs on 
his eliain, had his awnings spread, nis main yard across, the fore and mizzen top- 
mastt boosed, boats lowered alongside, and was getting np steam, smoke issuing 
from his smokestack. He was hoMod ont and conld only nse some of his gnns, and 
was in an almost perfect position to be raked. 

Haring decreased our distance from 2,500 yards to 2,000 yards, the helm was put 
to port, and all the port gnns bronght to bear and fired. Afterwards it was seen 
that his flag was down^ though his pennant still flew at the main. Weoeased firing. 

The enemy was sinking, and boats from all onr Teasels were at once lowered and 
sent to her. She sank slowlv, ^ing down first by the head with a heary list to 
port, and finally settled apriffht m 6 fathoms. 

When our boats arrived there was no living person on board; her men were seen 
in their boats palling, and some swimming, to the shore on her starboard side. They 
werB not parsaed, being far in the lead and making np the river. 

The enemy's ship proved to be the Don Jorge Juan, Her dimensions, taken from 
Notes of the Navies of Lesser European and South American States (Ofllee of 
Naval Intelligence, Navy Department, August, 1887, confidential) are: Displacement, 
935 tons; length between perpendiculars, 208 feet 5 inches; breadth, 29 feet 7 
inches; dnUt, 11 feet forward, 15 feet aft | ram bow. Armament, three 6.3 M. L. R., 
Palliser— one on forecastle, one on eaeh side on sponsons; two 3-inch Kmpp suns — 
one on eaeh quarter; and two revolving cannon. One of the Kmpp gnns Is now 
aboard the Annapoli; Weight of fire in pounds, ahead, 240; Droaidside, 160; 
astern, . 

Her eomploBent, tnm. the same anthoritv, is 146 men ; number of oflleeis not giTen. 
bnt from papers recovered from the wreck the total oomplement is 157 offleen and 



The Won and Lagden were sent up farther in the bay, around Point de Tabaca, 
and upon tneir return the battery was secured* In the meantime (al 2.40 p. m.) this 
vessel was anchored in 6 fathoms, with 30 fathoms on port chain, ready for slipping. 

The serviee of ammunition and the firing on board tnis vessel was excellent. Two 
of oor 4-ineh shells were seen to hit the enemy's bow, and were the oause of hw sink- 
ing. Theee shots were from Nos. 2 and 5 guns. No. 4 gun also did exoellent shooting, 
and all the cnns were well served and aimed. In all were were 86 shots iirad^forty 
4-lneh rapia-Are, twenty-two 6-ponnders, and twenty-four 1-pounder. 

None of my subordinates deserve censure, and all deserve praise ; but I wish to eaU 
yoor attention particularly to the following-named men and to oommend them to vonr 
Cavorable eonsidsration, who, by their firing, added much to our sneoess, and by their 
eoolasM and teal were constant examples of devotion to duty to the remainder of 
the eiew. If it is possible to reward them, I would recommend thnt it be done in a 
snbstential manner and as follows: Moran, Henry, boatswain's mate, first class; 
Nitsehke. Albert, boatswain's mate, second class, be given permanent appointments 
in the ratings in which thej are serving at present ; Ryan, Francis, corp or sLu. 8. M . C, 
to be rated sergeant. Ryan has had charge of the guard since almost tne first day 
the marJDsa eaoM on board. He Is mucn respected by the men and is a compo- 



Home articles of dally use that must be placed below where they are less likely to 
catch fire or do damage as splinters, should not exist on board ship in time of war, 
■nirh as they add to Sie comfort of the crew and offlcera. I refer to such articles as 
ditty basse, mess tables, and benches. Ditty bags and mess cloths should be sub- 
stilated for them In time of war. Of coarse such articles could be thrown overboard, 
bnt that, too, takes time, and it is hardly right to destrov articles usually kept in a 
ditty box^-ATtieles oi much value to the owner, though of no intrinsic value. Lock- 
ers for the msvinea and chief pettv officers take tune to knock down and throw 
overbottrd, and for war times could be dispensed with, and there would still remain 
•■ homtd snflleieot wood—indispensable wood — to give anxietv about fire and splin- 
tsrs, aad detract from the service of the guns, which shoula have the undividad 
of tiMir erawa and ofllcera. 



272 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

This Teasel coald be made more efficient in the proteotion of the machinery by a 
plating of 1 inch thickness ontside of the wardroom pantrv, abreast of which the 
engine above the water line is exposed. There are no coal bankers here, and the 
pantry was packed with tishtly lashed hammocks from deck to deck. A plating a 
foot or eyen 2 feet deep and 1 inch thick around the bottom of the engine-room hatch 
on the gnn deck would be a protection for the tops of the cylinders. I had at this 
pointy on the starboard side, wetted hammocks, four hammocks deep and six high, 
bound tightly together, and on the port side some kentledge, 4 inches in titie square. 
I have now added to this side the 3-inch Krupp gun taken from the Jvrgt Juan» I 
had previously calculated what one of the bower chains would do for protection at 
this point, and found it insufficient, so adopted the method mentioned. 

In my report of the action at Baracoa, your attention was called to the nseless- 
ness of the forward 6-ponnders, No. 1 guns, as now placed, in a seaway. To-day the 
water was smooth and these guns did good service, but they could be relied upon to 
give good service at all times^ in rough sea as well as in smooth water, if they were 
mounted on the spar deck. 

The gun ports for the waist 6-pounders, No. S guns, are so small it is impossible 
to point (aim) the guns quickly; ft is difficult to see the target, and although these 
are rapid-fire guns, they can not be served as such. 

The oattery worked satisfactorily in other respects. 

Very respectfully, G. W. Mextz, 

Lieutenant, U. 8, N,, Executive Officer. 

The COBfMANDINO OFFICER, 

U, S. S, Annapolis, 



139189. 

[Report of operationa of Watp at Kipo Bay, Cnba.] 

U. S. 8. Wasp, 
Port NipCj OubUj July 21^ 1898. 

SiB: At 11.40 this a. m., oeing then aboat 9 miles to the eastward of 
the entrance of Port Kipe, I received verbal orders from yon to lead 
into that port, accompanied by the U. S. S. Leyden^ to examine the bay 
and to return, U. S. S. Topeka and the vessd under your command 
being designated to cover the approaches. 

The n. S. S. Leyden having already received her instructions and 
proceeded, we started ahead at full speed for the bay ; met and passed 
the Leyden at 12.20. Immediately afterwards observed a Spanish cruiser 
at anchor in the bay about 4^ miles from the signal station at the 
entrance. 

Made general signal ''the enemy is seen ahead," which was repeated 
to you by the U. S. S. TopeJca^ and proceeded, firing three shots at the 
signal station, which was making signals to the enemy's vessel and 
which then ceased signaling. 

At 12.44 the enemy's vessel opened fire upon us, which was imme- 
diately returned at 4,500 yards range; continued at a speed of 8 knots 
into the bay, closely followed by the XT. S. S. Leyden^ and gradually 
reducing the range from 3,500 yards to 1,600 yards. The practice made 
by Chief Gunner's Mate James Luvin and Boatswain's Mate (first class) 
A. E. Weckstrom was exceptionally good, hits being frequent; the 
Spaniard returning the fire at intervals of about three minutes with 
his largest (bow) gun, his practice being good as to range only. Dur- 
ing the firing observed the H. S. S. Annapolis and U. S. S. Topeha enter- 
ing the harbor in our wake and opening upon the enemy. 

At 1.12 the enemy's colors disappeared. Made general signal "the 
enemy has surrendered" immediately afterwards and ceased firing at 
the ship, opening fire with the starboard bow gun upon Point de Tobaco. 

At 1.21 observed the enemy to be sinking and made general signal 
''Interrogatory, permission to board f" Answer, negative. 



BUBKAU OF KAYIOATIOK. 273 

Oloeed in npcm the riDkiiig yessel, which proved to be the cruiser Dan 
Jorge Juan, and which sauk at 1.42 p. m. 

Proceeded thereafter in company with the U. S. S. Leydenj making a 
thorough examination of the southern and western part of the bay. 
Returned at 5.45 and reported to you verbally in obedience to BiguaJ. 
At 7.30 anchored for the night in Port Nipe. 

I beg to commend Lieut. Koger Welles, jr., U. S. N., and the officers 
of this ship for their zeal and gallant behavior in action. The conduct 
of the crew was fidly up to the United States Navy standard. 

Expended 163 rounds of 6-pounder ammunition. 

Indoeed herewith is a memorandum of the various evolutions from 
the moment of going to quarters to time of return from examination of 
tMiy ; also a list of t£e officers and men on board at time of action. 
Very respectftdly, 

Aabon Ward, 
LieutenatUy XT. 8. N,j Commanding. 

Commander J. J. Huivkeb, XT. S. K., 

Commanding U. 8. 8. AnnapoliSj Senior Officer FreeenU 



13918a 

(B«pOTi of opandou la Kipe Bay.) 
(ladomm ▲.] 

U. 8. 8. Wabf, 
Pari Aipe, Cuha, July SI, 1S98. 

HXMOBAMDUlf OF TIMSS TO ACCOMPAKT REPORT OH ACTIOV OF TBIS DATS. 

F.M. 

12.1S. An hAikU to qoarien. 

IXSSw Toaehed botUim nliffbtlj 8E. of Pto Roma. 

12J8. Made cvneral •igDal, "The enemy is seen ahead." 

11.30. Fired nni ■hot aft 500 yarda aft Roma Bignal station. 

12^. 8aeoiid ebot. 

ia.4a Blow apaod. 

11.44. Half spead (8 to 9 knots) ; enemy's reseel opened fixe. 

11.4ft. Openaa Are on enemy's Tessel, 4,500 yards. 

11.47. Enemy flred. 

lliM). Enemy flred a^ain. 

IIJM. Hanfe 3,500 yards (too fikr). 

11.S7. Umnge 8,000 yards (smoke interfering greatly). 

11.56. U. 8. 8. AmmappliM and Top§km firing at Roma signal station. 

IJOO, Range 3,500 yarda. 

Un. RaBge 2,300 yarda. 

lUK. Range 1,000 yarda. 

1.11. Enemy flred.* 

1,11. Enemy's eolors down. 

1.11. Sloppied; enemr diMtant 1,200 yards. 

1.16. Made mieral sigDal, ''The fuemy has surrendered.'^ 

1.17. Ceaeea flring on enemy's tosmL 
1. 19. Hanled down signaL 

1.19. Going ahead slow. 

til. Opened flre on Point de Tobaco. 

U7. Enemy etaking: made signal, " Int. permission to board the enemy.* 

UD. Answefad negatiye; hanled down signal; stopped. 

1 ly Went ahead slow. 

U4. Ceased ftrinf at Point de Tobaco. 

UK. Spanish gnmboal sinking; stopped. 

* •Mistake. 



274 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

1.88. U. 8. B. AnnapoW boat away. 
1.88. U. 8. 8. Leyden'$ boat away. 

1.40. 8paniRh ranboat sinking fast. 

1.41. LBydem*$ boat seonres 8panifth flag. 

1.42. SpaniRb gnnboat sinks. 

1.48. Spanish gnnboat boarded by boats of U. 8. 8. Annapolis and Teyden, 

2.44. Proceeded up the harbor in obedience to orders from U. S. 8. Annapolis, Leyden 

following. 
8.25. Slowed down. 
4.00. Encircling the harbor, with Leyden in company. 

5.45. Retomed; spoke Annapolis; commanding officer went on board that yessel. 
Yexy reepeotfullyi 

Aaron Ward. 
lAeuitnant, U, 8. Ii,p Commanding, 



137725. 



[Report of Mtlon with Spaalih omiaer Don Jorgs Jumn) 



U. 8. 8. Wasp, 
Port yipe, Cnbaf July tl, 1898. 

8ir: In aecordance with article No. 625, U. 8. Nayal Regulations, 1896, I submit 
the following report of the action with the cruiser Don Jorge Juan on July 21, 1}S98: 

At 12.12 p. m., the ship being cleared for action, all hands were called to quarters. 
At 12.26 the ship touched bottom slightly, well aft, on a ledge making out from Point 
Roma, but after a earefol examination of her inner bottom, no damage whatever was 
disooTered. 

Upon opening the entrance of the harbor of Port Nipe, a Spaniah gunboat was 
made out lying at anchor off and beyond Mangles Point. General signal " The 
enemy is seen ahead'' was immediately hoisted and repeated by the U. 8. S. Topeka 
to the U. 8. 8. Annapolis, 

The ship then continued into the inner harbor at about 8 knots speed. As we 
passed through the narrow channel leading into the harbor, sij^als were noticed 
flying from the station on Point Roma. Gun No. 1 of the first divioioo was ordered 
to fire at the flae pole at a range of 500 j^^ards. The first shot was tired at 12.30, and 
three shots in afl were tired. There being no return fire and the signaling having 
ceased, no more shots were fired. At 12.44, when well within the harbor, the gun- 
boat opened fire with his forerantle gnu, a shell falling a little aft of our port beam, 
to the sonthwar<l and beyond the Leyden, Our port forward gun was ordered to fire 
on the enemy at extreme elevation, 4,500 yards. The first shots were seen to go over 
the enemy and the range was at once reduced to 4,000 yards. At 12.47 and 12.50 the 
enemy was seen to fire the same forecastle gun. As far as could be made out from 
this ship no other gun was used by her. 

This vessel continued up the bay on ronrse west-northwest (magnetic), the range 
being reduced gradually to 1,600 yards, the port gnns always bearing upon the enemy 
and were the only ones used, the smoke from our guns interfering greatly with the 
firing. 

At 12.58 the U. 8. 8. Annapolis and U. 8. 8. Topeka were seen entering the channel 
leading into the harbor and opening fire on the signal station at Point Koma. 8ome 
of l^e shells ftom the Topeka s gnus passed over the hills and fell rather near this 
ship on her starboard beam. Soon after the Annapolis opened fire on the gunboat 
ana, later still, the Topeka, 

At 1 o'clock it was observed bv some on this ship that the crew of the Spanish 
gunboat were leaving the ship and making for the entrance of Mayari Kiver. I also 
noticed that the enemy had ceased firing at about 1.02. From 1 o'clock. Mangles 
Point bearing on the port beam, the course of this ship was changed rapidly to port 
(toward the enemy) until we ceased firing at distance of 1,600 yards, always keeping 
both port guns bearing on the enemy. At 1.12 th<* enemy's colors were seen to fall 
and At the same time it was noticed trom this ship that the gunboat took a decided 
list to port. 

At 1.16 made general signal ''The enemy has surrendered,'' and at 1.17 we ceased 
firing. We then headed for the Spaniard and opened fire with our starboard bow 
gun on Point de Tabaco. At 1.27, seeing that the enemy was Metibling forward rap- 
idly, and hoping to save her, made '* Int. permission to board the enemy,'' which was 
promptly an^^wered by the negative. We steamed slowly toward the sinking gun- 
Doat, and at 1.42 she sunk. At 2.44, in obedience to verbal orders from the Annapo- 
IM| we proceeded to examine carefully, in company with the Leyden^ the head of th« 



WUKEAXJ OF VATIOATIOir. 275 

kaibor and all IndcntatloDS. Dnrlng tkis czaBilBAtion of fhe kwrbor flTe emp^ 
wooden •hell boxes were counted by me, whicli leares me to beliere that the enemy 
ftred but 6 or 6 ahote ftt>m her bow gxai. As oar record ahowa ahe fired thia mn onoe 
in three minatea, it ia probable that her laat ahot waa fired before 1 o'oloek. The 
eondoot and behavior of all tiie ofBeera and ciew deaerre erexy commendation and 
praiae. 

Yery reapectfaUyi 

Boom Wbllks, Jr., 
lAeutmumi, U, & if., mnd Exeoutivt QJHemr. 
Lieut. Aaboh Wabd, U. 8. N» 

CmmwMnding U, 8. 8, Wu$p, 



140757. 

al Blpe Bay Jaly 11.] 



Katt Dbpabtment, 

Wa$hinft&nj D. 0.j September 22^ 1698. 

8m : Upon arriyal of the U. S. S. Watp at Hampton Roads, Virginia, 
September 20, 1898, 1 was fnmished with a copy of the amended report 
of Commander J. J. Hnnker, U. S. N., dated '^ U. S. S. AnnapoUe at 
sea, September 3, 1898," and relating to the participation of the afore- 
said vessel nnder my command in the action at Nipe Bay on July 21, 
current year. 

In this report the following passage occurs : 

When I gare the oommandisff ofBcera of the Woip and Leifden ordera to approaeh 
the entrance of the harbor ana derelop the atren^h of the battery at Boma Point 
nnder corer of the heaTier yeaaela, each waa ao anxiona to lead, etc. 

In my own report upon this action, dated July 21, 1898, at Port Nipe, 
my statement is as follows : 

I reeeired Terbal ordeia from yon to lead into that port, accompanied by the U. S. &• 
Lesfdem, to examine the bay and to return. 

To be more specific, when I went aloDgside of the Annapolis to receive 
my orders on the morning of Jnly 21, Commander Hunker's exact 
words were, as far as I remember them: ^'I want you and the Leyden 
to go in and examine that bay. The Topeka and this vessel will cover 
the approaches,'' or ^* cover the i>oint.'' I replied, *^ Shall I lead t" Com- 
mander Hnnker said, ^' What is thatf I repeated, *^1 am the senior 
officer; may I leadt" To which he replied, ^^Tes." I thereupon pro- 
ceeded at the utmost speed to overhaul the Leyden, which had already 
received her orders and proceeded, and which at that time was 2 or 3 
miles ahead of me. For subsequent events please see my official 
report. 

The Department will no doubt appreciate the great difference which 
it makes in my professional record, and, what is more important, in the 
record of my ship and crew, to have it established that we knowingly 
and gladly obeyed orders directing us to proceed in broad daylight over 
a known mine field, from which we had orders to remove the torpedoes, 
and at the end of which we were met by a hostile vessel, much superior 
in force to the Wasp and Leyden combined, but which we nevertheless 
concluded to engage unsupported. 

If it is imi)ossible to reconcile the difference between Commander 
Hunker's statement and my own in any other way, then, in order to find 
out just what orders I did receive, I would request that the testimony 
of any one of the men named in the inclosed list be obtained in support 
of what I believe to be correct. The orders from Commander Hunker 



276 



BTTBEAU OF KAYIGATION. 



were given by megapbone, and J bave ascertained by inquiry tbat tbe 
men I na^aie beard the orders given. I did not consider it proper to 
inquire wbat tbey bad beard. 

In addition to tbe members of tbe crew mentioned in my list, I woold 
also refer, if necessary, to tbe officers wbo were under my command at 
tbat time, and, for corroboration, to tbe officers and men of tbe Leyden^ 
wbo state tbat tbey received orders to go into tbe bay and over tbe tor- 
pedoes substantially identical with mine. 

Very respectfully, Aabon Ward, 

Lieutenant^ U. 8. N.j Commanding U. 8. 8. Wasp. 

The Sbobbtaby of ths Navy. 

(The Chief of the Bureau of Navigation.) 



[Indlotiire A.] 

IAbI of ike emlUied mm of ike U. 8, 8. Wa9p who Biate thai ikey heard ike erdere given by 
Commander Hunker, U. 8, N,, Commanding U. 3. S, Annapolis, by megaphone to toe 
commanding officer of the ^aep on July 21, 1898, ahoui 11,40 a,m,,9 miUe to ike eaeU 
ward of the entrance to Nipe Bay, 



Kamo. 


Rate. 


Kamo. 


Bate. 


Hr Predr'lri^P x-,TTT T r-- 


C A.-a.* A. 

C. D. ML. 

CO.M. 
C.yeo. 

ac.M. 

O. M., Ist ol. 
Elec, 1st ol. 
Q. M.. lat ol. 

Do. 
S. C. lat ol. 
Blackamith. 
Coxawain. 

Do. 
Oilor. 

Do. 
F., Ist oL 
Seaman. 

Do. 


F. J. Oblaaon 


Seaman. 




William Sloan ................... 


Do..* 


Jamoa Layon 


W. Campbell 


Do. 


A, J, ConnollT .,.,, ,,,,,.^- 


J. H. Grammerator. 


O. seaman. 


JamM Lacy 


C.L. Burke 


Do. 


H.H. Wieoand 


G.O.Karlsen 


Do. 


L.Rochlita 


K. P. Berir 


Do. 


W. ThomiMon 


F.N.Llnaulst 


F.. 2d oL 


W . J. KelloT 


W. Barmore 


Do. 


Joa.Dor80 


J. Thomas '. . . , 


Do. 


O.Brownblll - 


A J. Hoffhian 


Landsman* 


M. Falkenberff 


M. Tjewis 


DOi 


P. Petteraon 


F. Schneider 


Dob 




E.8tribel 


C.P. 


F. B.Franien 


B.R.Daff 


W.R.8. 


F. I. SlapUnser 


A. Tonnff 


W.R.O. 


B.KPx«at.T f 


E.King.. 


M. att. 


P. A-Loadfflr 











139189. 



[Beport of engagement at Nipe Bay.] 



XJ. S. S. TOPBKA, 

Making Passage to Key West, Fla,j July 22, 1898. 

SiB: Since tbe Maple left me, day before yesterday at daylight, 
changes have come rapidly, and I am now on my way to Key West 
with dispatches for you. 

Tbe morning of the 21st, I sighted three steamers beaded from tbe 
sea toward my station. Upon exchnnging numbers I found them to 
be the AnnapoliSy Commander Hunker; the converted yacht, Waspj 
Lieutenant Ward; and the tug Leyden, Ensign Crosley. 

Upon going on board the Annapolis, in obedience to orders, tbe cap- 
tain showed me orders f i om the commander in chief, North Atlantic 
fleet, to take Port Nipe, the idea being that it was to be held as a base 
instead of Santiago and vicinity. 

I told him all 1 knew of the place, and we went in at once and cap- 
tured tbe place with little or no opposition. We found no mines, and 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 277 

fhe ganboat Jwr^ Jikin, after firing a few shots firom her anchorage, 
was deserted by her crew, scuttled [on] purpose or sank by oar fire, as 
we hit her several times. 

We then anchored, after the TTcup and Leyden had searched the inner 
harbor. Santiago having fallen, and all of eastern Caba having sur- 
rendered, may have induced sach a feeble defense. 

Before anchoring, some shell were thrown into the barracks or fort 
near the town, as they appeared to be, and shortly after a white flag 
was hoisted in the town, and the Anriapolis hoisted the same. 

As we steamed in we exchanged numbers with the Prairie. She did 
not come in, but sent in by the Duponi (which came into Port Nipe just 
as we anchored) the inclosed communication for you; and in obedience 
to her orders I got underway and stood out at sunset. Passing near 
the Frairie outside, I exchanged numbers with her and asked i>ennis- 
sion to proceed. 

I tried to discover what the Duponi came for, but all they said was 
that Nipe, as a base, was changed. 

To-day I have met the Puritan^ the Oincinnati^ the Terror^ and the 
Deirott, all bound east. 

My expenditure of ammunition was fifty 4inch and thirty-three 
S-pounders. There were no casualties. 
Very respectfully, 

WM. 8. OOWLBS, 

lAeutenant'Commanierj U. 8* y.y Commanding. 

The OOMMANBBB IN GhIBF, 

Blockading Squadron^ North Coast of Cub€t, 



139189. 

[B«poxt of opentifliBS of the X«yiiMi at Nipe Bay.] 

n. S. S. Leydkn, 
Bay o/Nipey Cubay July 21y 1898. 

Bib : I respectfully submit the following report of the duty per- 
formed by tins vessel under your orders this day at this place: 

In obedience to your orders, I approached the entrance to this bay, 
closely followed by the U. S. S. Wa»pj and entered it at 11.30 a. m. 
The fibrst indication of the presence of the enemy was from the high hill 
to the right of the first turn in the channel, where a blockhouse and 
signal station were seen. Several signals were made, as follows: An 
American flag was hoisted and quickly run down ; a black ball or shape, 
surmounted by a red pennant, was next run up; this was quickly run 
down, and the same shape, surmounting a square blue flag, replaced it; 
this was in turn replaced oy a Spanish flag with the same ball under it. 

The Wasp fired some shots at this station, but my orders as received 
from you did not iJlow me to fire until fired upon. The Leyden was 
fired upon from this station by small arms, many shots striking in the 
immediate vicinity of the vessel, but none striking her. At the same 
time a bright lookout was maintained for mines or torpedoes, but noth- 
ing to indicate the presence of anything of the kind was seen, except 
six floats, such as are generally used for fishing pots. At the time the 
shots were fired from the shore, I discovered a vessel at anchor within 
the bay, and was able to make out a man of- war flying the Spanish 
colors. 

Almost immediately I was able to communicate this discovery to the 
eommanding oiBoer of the Wtupj who, in turn, signaled to yoo. At 



278 BUREAU OF NAYIQATION. 

the same time I foand a stake in the water with <^ 3,000" marked apon a 
white board secured thereto, and a puff of smoke was seen to issue from 
the Spanish vessel. The shot fell near the Leyden^ and was immediately 
followed by two more which fell equally near. 

By this time both the Wasp and the Leyden were firing rapidly, at 
the same time steaming toward the Spaniard. I began firing at 4,000 
yards and continued firing till the vessel under your command, which 
had entered while the Wasp and Leyden were engaged, ceased firing. 
Many shots from the Leyden were seen to strike the vessel, the total 
number fired being as follows: 6- pounder, 50; 1-pounder, 108. 

I kept on toward the Spaniard, shifting the helm to fire the 6 pounders 
alternately, and ceased firing at 1,000 yards, when she was seen to have 
a list to port and to be down by the head. 

About ten minutes after the Leyden commenced firing, two boats filled 
with men were seen to leave the vessel and pull ashore. 

Three more shots were fired from her forward guns and another boat 
also filled with men left the vessel. The fourth and last seen to leave 
was a steam launch, and it was apparently well filled with men. 

I was able to see that the Spaniard was sinking, and at once steamed 
in close to her, sending a boat for the purpose of getting her colors before 
she sank. Her flagstaff had been shot away about the time her last 
shot was fired, and the Leyden^s whaleboat succeeded in getting the 
colors before the ship's stern went under water. This flag was turned 
over to the boat sent from the vessel under your command. 

From the position in which the Leyden was, I am positive that a 4-inch 
shell from the Annapolis struck the bow of the Spaniard, and from the 
fact that she went down bows first, it would seem that this shot was 
instrumental in sinking her. 

I respectfully call attention to the splendid behavior of the officers 
and men of the Leyden^ for while she was being fired upon from astern 
by small arms and from ahead by the guns of the Spanish vessel, there 
was nothing but an eagerness to fire her own guns with greater accu- 
racy visible among them. 

In accordance with the instructions* received from you, I did not 
commence firing from the Leyden until I was fired upon from the Spanish 
vessel, the Jorge Juan, 

Very reapectftiUy, W. 8. Obosley, 

Mnsign^ U, 8. N*j Commanding. 

The OoMMANDiNa Offioeb, 

TT. B. 8. AnnapoliSj Senior Officer Present 



131252. 

XT. S. S. Badgeb, 
TortugaSj Fla.^ August 3^ 1898. 

Sib: I have the honor to submit the following report regarding my 
seizure of three Spanish vessels leaving the port of Nuevitas, Cuba: 

About 3.40 p. m. on the 26th ultimo, while blockading the port, it 
was reported that three vessels were coming out of the harbor. Steam- 
ing toward them I found them to be a large seagoing steam tug, 
Humberto Rodrigues^ towing a barge, ap[)arent]y once a steamer {8an 
Fema/ndo)j and a brigantine (Saft). Each vessel was flying the Spanish 



N« MMk instmotions were ^iven. Mr. Crosley is mistaken. — J. J. Hunker, com- 
U. 8. N.« oflmmanding [Annapolis]. 



BXTBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 279 

flag and Gtoneva Gross flag, the two in tow having in addition a quar- 
antine flag. 

As they evidently intended to pass me without stopping, I fired a 
blank charge, which brought them to. I then sent a boarding officer, 
who reported that they had no papers except a letter from the captain 
of the port (a copy of which is inclosed), and that the vessels were full 
of soldiers, some invalid, many apparently well. The surgeon in charge 
of the party stated that he had been ordered by General Salcedo, in 
command of the district, to take them to Havana by sea, but showed 
no written orders to that effect. 

Passed Assistant Surgeon Simpson, U. S. N., who was sent to the 
tug witii the b(»arding officer, informed me that in the tug, besides the 
crew, medical officer in charge, and his assistants, there were six 
Spanish army officers (captains, first and second lieutenants) and 
about thirty-five soldiers. These were all represented as wounded or 
invalid, but the medical officer of the foi^ar reported that three of the 
officers and many of the men were apparently welL 

The barge and brigantine were not boarded because of a statement 
by tiie surgeon in charge that they carried six cases of yellow fever. 
After a critical examination by Dr. L. L. Williams, in charge of quar- 
antine station, I am informed by him that there are no cases of yellow 
fever on board of either vessel, nor are there any other contagious 
cases. The surgeons on board the barge and brigantine state that 
there were no such cases, and that there was no yellow fever at 
Kuevitas. This accords with information I had from refugees and 
deserters at that port. The surgeon in charge of the party has also 
admitted to me since arrival here that there had been no such cases. 

As there seemed no proper authority for flying the Geneva Gross 
flag, as there were officers and many men on board apparently well, 
and as no permission had been requested to pass the blockade at Nue- 
vitas or Havana — ^in fact it was admitted that they did not intend to 
ask permission — ^I deemed it my duty to take charge of the vessels and 
accompany them to Havana to report the facts to Gommodore HowelL 
Upon my report he directed me to proceed to this place with the three 
vessels and make such arrangements as possible for the retention and 
treatment of the sick and wounded on board. 

On board the Huniberto BodrigueSj including a crew of 20 men, there 
are 65 i>eople. On board the San Fernando there are 207, soldiers and 
crew, the latter numbering 10. On board the brigantine Lafi there are 
127 persons, a crew of 10, the remainder military. The whole party 
was in charge of Maximo Martinez Morales, chief surgeon. 

The vessels were provisioned for four days and the tug had coal for 
the same period. Ko arms or ammunition have been found except side 
arms and revolvers belonging to the officers, and there is no cargo. 

Upon arrival at tins station I found it quite unprepared to take care 
of so large a party, and in a telegram to the Honorable Secretary of the 
Navy (July 31), I so reported, giving at same time a statement of the 
case, and asked for instructions. 

On the 1st instant I received a telegram frt>m the Department to put 
the prisoners on board of the least valuable vessel, or to use two if neces- 
sary, and send them to Havana, and to place a prize crew on board the 
other and send her to New York. As there is considerable sickness, 
dysentery, consumption, etc., on board, I consider it absolutely neces- 
sary in the crowded state of the vessels to use both the barge and 
brigantine for this purpose. And as they have insufficient sail power 
to make the passage without assistance, I have directed the prize mas- 



280 BUBBAU OF NAVIGATION. 

ter, Lient. Edward McO. Peters, U. S. N., to tow them to the blockad- 
ing lines with the Humherto Bodrigues, and after reporting the facts to 
the commodore commanding, or senior officer present, to proceed to 
New York with the tug in accordance with the Department's order. 

I have been obliged to give the tag — a large, modern vessel in good 
condition — sufficient coal for this purpose, also provisions. It has also 
been necessary to furnish the prisoners with provisions. This has just 
been completed, the vessels will be ready to start in a few hours, and 
the Badger will leave for Key West in accordance with orders from 
Commodore Howell. The Badger is now very short of coal having 
only enough for ballast, and will also need provisions before making 
any extended cruise. 

Very respectfully, 

A. S. Snov^, 
Oommanderj U. 8. JT., Commanding Badger. 

To the Ohibf of ihb Bxtbeau of Nayigation, 

Naty Department^ Waahingtonj D. 0. 



[Selnire of ICaiumUA.] 

XJ. S. 8. DixiB, 
Off Porto BicOj July 26, 1898. 

Bib : I have the honor to report at 11 a. m. on the 25th instant I 
seized the French steamer jfanouftta, of Marseilles, from Martinique 
bound for Sagua la Grande, Cuba, and sent her into Charleston with a 
prize crew for adjudication. 

I am not aware that Sagua la Grande is included in the present block- 
ade of the island of Cuba, but the circumstances in the case were sus- 
picious and I judged it expedient to give the United States the benefit 
of the doubt. There was no doubt in my mind that the vessel was 
acting in the interest of the enemy. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

0. H. Davis, 
Commander^ Commanding. 
Commodore J. C. Watson, D". S. N., 

Commander in Chief JEastern Squadron. 



130613. 

[Oondltloii of aAdrs at OflwiA.] 

U. S. S. Nashvtllb, 3d batb, 

Oibaray Cubdj July 27y 1898. 

Snt ; I have the honor to report that I arrived off this port about 
8 a. m. July 26, and found the Cuban flag flying over the fort and pub- 
lic buildings. 

A boat came off to the ship in which were M. Jose H.^Beola, former 
commercial agent of the United States, a pilot, and a press reporter. 
Mr. Beola informed me that all Spanish troops under the command of 
Colonel Moreno lelt Gibara for Holguin at 6 a. m. on the 25th instant, 
and that at 9 a. m. on the same date 600 Cuban troops under the com- 
mand of lieutenant-Colonel Bojas of the Occyal regiment of infantry 
marched into and took possession of the town. 



BURKAU OF NAYIGATIOV. 281 

The Prairie had left Oibara doring the night of the 24th and 25th, 
but it was not known where she had gone. 

I entered the harbor with the XashrHle and anchored off the town. 
Captain Delgado, of Colonel Bojas^s staff; came on board and brought 
me a letter firom Colonel Kojas, a copy of which is inclosed. At abont 
2 p. m., General Feria, commanding this military division of the Cnban 
army, entered the town with an escort of 100 cavalry. He sent two of 
his aides on board to inform me that he would call in person to-day. 

Abont 4.30 p. m. Colonel Bojas, with numbers of his staff and an 
interpreter, an American citizen by the name of Frank Gomez, and a 
Spanish surgeon, who had been left by General Luque in charge of the 
military hospital here, made an official visit. 

The surgeon brought a letter from General Luque, a copy of which is 
inclosed. He informed me that there are 536 sick Spanish soldiers in 
the hospital, 2 surgeons, 1 pharmacist, 34 nurses, and 4 Spaniards who 
feigned to be sick and were left by the Spanish commander in the hos- 
pital. Of the sick, 6 have the yellow fever, 12 the smallpox (all conva- 
lescent), and the remainder dysentery and malarial fevers. Rice, beans, 
and peas for ten days were left for tiie use of the sick, and a good sup- 
ply of medicines, but they have no milk of any kind, which is most 
needed for the sick. I informed the surgeon in charge, as also did 
Colonel Bojas, at my suggestion and in my presence, that he and the 
sick under his charge shoiQd be protected under the terms of the Geneva 
Convention. 

Colonel Bojas informed me that he had appointed, on the 25th, Mr. 
Frank Gomez captain of the port ad interim, and a committee of nine 
citizens of the town to assist in preserving order. There has been no 
disturbance of any kind up to the present time. 

The town contains about 6,000 inhabitants, from 000 to 700 of whom 
are Spaniards loyal to Spain. About 50 Spanish citizens have left the 
place recently. The families of several of the officers in General Luque's 
army were left in Gibara. (General Luque sent his femily to Spain in 
the French steamer Chateau Lafitte some time ago. The health of the 
town is generally good, though the smallpox is epidemic. 

Provisions, especially flour, lard, rice, bread, and bacon are greatly 
needed here, both for the Cuban troops and for the inhabitants of the 
town. The supplies for the Spanish sick will not last more than eight 
or ten days. The Spanish troops seized and took away with them most 
of tiie stock of provisions on luuid. 

The Cubans claim to have between 3,000 and 4,000 troops in this 
vicinil^ and Holgnin ; to have torn up the railroad in two places between 
Gibara and Holguin, and to have all the approaches to Holgnin guarded. 
The two locomotives belonging to the railroad were taken to Holguin 
by the Spanish troops, but there is a small steam hand car here. 

I found in the harbor two schooners, the Expreeo de CHbara and the 
OibarOf of 153 and 155 tons, respectively, belonging to Antonio Lamella, 
of Havana. They have been here for four months. Being enemy's 
property, I have taken possession of them. They are both in ballast 
and were in charge of a captain and a crew of 7 men each. The Oibara 
I send to Key West in charge of Ensign C. F. Snow, T7. S. K, with a 
prize crew and this dispatch. 

I respectfiilly recommend that a considerable quantity of provisions, 
of the kinds which I have mentioned, be sent here as soon as practicable 
for distribution to the Spanish soldiers in the hospital, the poorer classes 
of the citizens of Gibara, and the Cuban troops. Also that, as there 
are foreign residents here, among them a French and Portuguese vice 



282 BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 

consnl, who will look to the United States Oovernment for protection, 
the United States force here be increased, and that I may be given 
fiiller instrnctions with respect to my relations with the Cuban forces 
and the civil authorities of the town« 

General of Division Luis Feria and Brig. Oen. Joaquin Planes, of 
the Cuban forces, have just made an official visit on board. I told them 
that as the representative of the naval forces of the United States at 
this place I should require a list of the civil authorities appointed by 
them to be first submitted for my approval in order that the appointees 
might understand that they would be held responsible for their official 
conduct by the United States Oovernment as well as by the Cuban 
authorities. They agreed to this and will submit all appointments. 
Good order prevails and I do not apprehend any trouble, but it would 
be well if I could be given fuller and more definite instructions as to 
my duties. 

Very respectfully, W. Maynabd, 

0<ymma/nAer^ U. 8. N.^ Comma/nding. 

OOMMODOBE COMMANDlNa, 

U. S. Blockading Farocj North Coast of Ouba^ 
or, 
Commodore Commandino, 

U. 8. Naval BasOj Key West^ Flo. 



[TnmsUtlon.] 
OCUJAL REGIMENT OF IITFANTBT. 

To the Commander in CM/tfof ikt Amerioan Navy of iku plaee, Gibara: 

I have jaBt taken poMession of the town of Oibara, with the forces of 500 men nnder 
my eommand, which I leport to yon in accordance with my dnty. 

ROJAS, 

Lieutenant- Colonel, 
P. S. — I send my chief of staff, Capt. Enrique Caato Delgado, with whom yon will 
agree ae to the answer. 



Oibara, July £0, 1898. 

To the Commander in Chief of the Army: 

Honorable Sir: The circnmstanoes of the war eompelsme toevacnatethis town, 
and as there exists a military hospital with the sick, who on aooonnt of their condi- 
tion can not be taken away, I leare it to the protection of the Red Cross, whose 
humanitary sentiments, determined in the treaty of Ginebra [Geneya], I do not donbt 
that yon will make yoar troops respect. Besides being a precept of humanity whioh 
obliges all civilized countries, it is also a sentiment of nobilify that gives aa much 
splendor aa solicitude is put in its compliment. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Agustin Luqux. 
J. 
Army of Operations, Division of Holgnin, Cuba. General Staff. 



13141ft 

[Report ef bkwksding operstloiia off Iilo of Pines.] 

U. S. S. Bancroft, 
Blockading Squadrony off Isle ofPines^ August 2^ 1898, 

8iR: On the evening of Joly 25 the Bancroft left Key West, under 
orders from the commodore commanding naval base, to proceed to 
the Isle of Pines for blockade dnty between the western shore of that 
island and Gape Frances, Ouba. 



BUBBAU OF VATIGATIOV. 283 



On the 26tli instuit, boarded the Gennui iMirkentiiie Donna Anionio^ 
from LaguDA, Hondoras^ to Hambarg, loaded with logwood; alao 
schooner Golden Rind^ of Key West, no cargo, bound to Progresso^ 
Mexico. On Jnly 27, after chase, brought to and boarded Norwegian 
steamer Pkcmix Stavangel, bound to New Orleans from Boca del Toro, 
with cargo of bananas; also boarded Norwegian bark Pasteur j wWi 
cargo of logwood, boond to AUoa, Scotland, from Belize, Honduras. 
In the afternoon, when near Oape St. Antonio, a steamer was sighted 
heading along the coast to the eastward. A course was laid to head 
her off and a blank charge fired. Later, fired a shell ahead and one 
astern of her, when she hoisted American colors, and I made inter- 
national signal <^ Heave to" and fired two more shells. Dense smoke 
coming from the ftinnel of the steamer indicated that she was doing 
her beet to get away. She was gaining on as, and I came to the con- 
clusion that the showing of the United States flag was a ruse and 
that she was an enemy escaping, so orders were g^ven to feed oil in the 
furnaces and open fire on the steamer at extreme elevation; first shot 
fell short, but each subsequent shot reaching closer, she turned toward 
UB, when I ceased firing. Upon approaching her I saw she was the 
Advamcey from Colon, belonging to tiie Panama Line. Upon hailing the 
steamer and asking why the rales of war had not been observed, the 
reply was made, ^' I did not know who you were and I did not give a 
damn.'' To which I replied through the megaphone, ^^ You are not fit 
to command that ship. You have endang^ed the lives of your pas- 
sengers, and I shall report you. You can now proceed on your course.'' 

On the morning of July 28 met the Bogle off Oape Frances, and with 
her proceeded to the vicinity of a Cuban camp about 5 miles to the 
westward of Cape Frances. Lieutenant Del Yalle came on board; 
stated he had 60 men with him, and that there was another smaller 
camp inside of Cape Frances. I sent ashore a small supply of provisions, 
and it was agreed that the Bancroft should return on the evening of 
Saturday, when we would meet Colonel Lazo, the Cuban commander 
of the district, and there would be a local pilot ready. The Banero/tj 
with the Eagiej then proceeded into Cortes Bay and anchored about 3 
miles from the entrance of the lagoon, where the town of Cortes is, and 
about the same distance from the wreck of the steamer Santo Domingo^ 
to which J proceeded immediately, in company with Lieutenant South- 
erland. I found that the work of destruction had been v^ry thorough ; 
the entire cargo absolutely destroyed, and the ship itself rendered by 
heat a gnarl^ mass of iron. The only things that had seemingly 
escaped were the 5-inch guns; the threads of the inside of the breech 
of the guns were so cut by Lieutenant Southerland before firing the 
ship as to render the guns useless, at least until handled by a gun Vic- 
tory. The gun shields are in good condition. No vessel here has appli- 
ances for transferring the guns or shields. The 12-iuch guns doubtless 
broke through the bottom of the vessel, as the hold is full of water. It 
is possible that the engines and boilers are still good« Fire was stiU 
smoldering in parts of the ship. 

On the morning of Friday, July 29, smoke was seen to southward and 
eastward of anchorage, and on giving chase it was found to be the 
Maple. I directed her to proceed into Cortes Bay, and, with the Ban- 
erojt and Eagle^ proceeded to Siguanea Bay, on the west side of the Isle 
of Pines. This location is likely to prove one of importance, as it will 
afford an anchorage during a hurricane, and, with Cortes entranoe, 
affords the only passages for communication with Batabano, to the 
westward of the Isle of Pines. Its present drawback is want of 



284 BUREAU OF NAYIGOTION. 

knowledge of a safe passage in; yon run from very deep ^ater into 6 
fathoms, and then with uncertain depth, hard bottom, until yon are 
into a large area of 4 to 6 fathoms, good holding ground. Upon drop* 
ping anchor on outer ledge, sighted a schooner inside the bay, about 4 
miles distant; lowered the steam launch with a 1-pounder gun and 
armed crew, in charge of Ensign W. W. Phelps, who captured and 
brought her out. She was quite small and named the Nipe. Another 
vessel was seen farther in and the Eagle pursued her, but was unable 
to follow on account of darkness, though Lieutenant Southerland ran 
boldly till he was in 14 feet of water. During the night experienced 
heavy storms and the Bancroft dragged off the shoal ledge. The fol- 
lowing morning, the sea being too rough to sound out a deep passage 
in, the Bancroft^ with prize in tow and Eagle in company, proceeded to 
the westward to communicate with Cuban camp, and when opi>osite to 
Oortes Bay sent prize in to anchorage with two armed men, so that 
Nipe people should not have information of the location of the Cubans; 
but fh)m later information as to the methods of campaigning here, 
between Spaniards in the towns and the Cubans outside, this was 
found to have been an unnecessary precaution. On arriving off Cuban 
camp the sea was too heavy to communicate, so in company with the 
Mapkj which had come out to meet us, proceeded into Cortes Bay for a 
conference. On approaching anchorage was surprised to see our prize 
well in shore flying the Spanish colors, and two boats approaching her, 
and a few minut^ later I distinguished our two men — John Nevis, 
gunner's mate, third class, and Valdemar Holmgren, seaman — at the 
stern of the vessel and the Spaniards forward. I megaphoned the 
MapUj which draws but 8 feet of water, to go to the rescue. On her 
return I found that our two men had captur^ six prisoners, the Span- 
ish flag having been used to draw them within range of their rifles. 
These prisoners I am keeping on the prize; have treated them well 
and have gotten valuable information from them. Expect to put 
them ashore to-day. Sunday I sent Lieutenant Yeeder and Ensign 
Yogelgesang with steam cutter and armed party into Cortes Lagoon 
to make soundings and observations, and started the prize, with 
Ensign Phelps in charge, to observe along the outer shore, with a 
view of subsequently destroying the barracks, where about a hun- 
dred Spanish troops are quartered. On Monday morning when 
interviewing the prisoners I got the invariable reply to question, 
What will be result if the Spanish garrison is driven fh)m Oortes f the 
people will be killed by the Cubans. Fearing this result and not being 
able to hold the place permanently with my present force, I decided to 
make no attack. The following description of the military situation 
about Cortes, obtained from my prisoners^ will show the general condi- 
tions and the way tAe war between Spain and the Cubans has been 
carried on. Cortes has about 1,700 inhabitants, and is a shipping port 
for the rich tobacco district. The post was formerly a colonel's com- 
mand, and over 1,000 troops were kept here, but about six weeks ago 
all but 100 were sent to Pinar del Bio or Havana and the post left in 
command of a lieutenant. I learn that about the time the Santiago 
expedition started nearly all the troops in the western end of the island 
were withdrawn and concentrated about Havana, or at the end of the 
railroad Pinar del Bio, which indicates that Blanco thought the open 
talk of our forces going to Santiago was a ruse. The following plan of 
the defenses of Cortes, drawn by one of our prisoners, agrees with our 
observation, and possesses points of interest: 



BURSAU OF MAYIQATION. 286 



W (4) 



TvwmllMilft. 






1 aad 4| bloekhooMS ooeapM by Spaniih troops only. 

ft, SpraJ obaarvtkMi Uookhonae oooapied by SpADish troops, 

%, OiiomiioUon towor, boUognpb, oooaptod by ^Mttiah traopa. 



Watches of eight men are kept in towers, but all live and eat in the 
barracks. 

The Cubans have their camps in the moors and along the coast, and 
make frequent raids on the towns, where the Spaniards are content to 
remain and allow the Cubans to rove. One prisoner told me that there 
were 1,200 Cubans in the vicinity, and at the camp where Lieutenant De 
YaUe was there were 300, but we had it from him that there were only 00. 
The old Spaniard, the captain and owner of the schooner, is reticent, 
but says he is a peacefol citizen and the sole support of a wife and 
seven children. From the boy, who is quite bright, I have gained con- 
siderable information regarding affairs about the Isle of Pines. Nueva 
Oerona, tbe principal place, is a small town on the north side, where 
there is a Government hospital to which they send their wounded. It 
is considered a very healthy place, but they now have some yellow fever 
and 8malli>ox there. A small steamer named the Protector makes trips 
every other day between Nueva Oerona and Batabano, leaving Nueva 
0«t>na at 3 p. m. and arriving at 8 a. m. A small gunboat with a 
1-pounder makes frequent trips. The boy says provisions are very 
scarce, that flour is very hard to get, and that poor people die in the street 
for want of food and medicine; that formerly there was a very large 
cattle ranch on the south side of the island, and that cattle were 
sent over to Batabano, but that the cattle were nearly all gone now, 
and that beef was 50 cents a pound^ that the Bancroft is the largest 
steamer he has seen at the island. I am inclined to believe the story 
of the boy and that no large shipments of provisions are getting in by 
way of the Isle of Pines. I have, however, sent the Mapk to Siguanea 
Bay to make soundings and hope to enter with the Bancro/t to-morrow. 
I shsdl then, with the Banoroffs steam launch sounding ahead, go with 
the Maple to Nueva Oerona and stop all traffic with Batabano, after 
which I shall examine closely the south shore of the island to see if 
schooners are landing cattle there. The prisoners say no vessels have 
come into Cortes Bay since the loss of the Santo Domingo, They say 
that nothing but fruit and vegetables can be gotten ashore to eat, and 
that everybody must give part of what they raise to the army, and f^^^ 



286 BUREAU OF HAYIOATIOlf. 

there is mnch snffering among the i>eople for food. To maiDtain an 
absolate blockade there should be five vessels of light draft. There are 
good reasons why they should work in pairs. A vessel anchored in 
Oortes Bay and another in Siguanea Bay, ready to move, would give a 
more efficient blockade than to have the two vessels moving outside, 
besides saving coal. Were there two vessels at each place one could 
be, as a rule, outside, and a fifth vessel of deeper draft, with senior 
officer, could cover the station. The schooner Nipe has not sufficient 
value to send her into a prize court, and I have decided that all inter- 
ests will be best served by taking her back to Siguanea Bay, and if 
the old Spaniard behaves himself to give him his freedom with the ves- 
sel. She had no cargo and, the captain claims, was engaged in carrying 
wood and charcoal. 

The Uagys coal supply being nearly exhausted, I have directed her 
to return to Key West. 

Very respectfully, Biohabdson Oloveb, 

Commander J U, 8. N.j Oammanding. 

The Seobktaby op the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Washington^ D. 0. 



13921& 

[Baport on afUn it Olban.) 

U. S. 8. Nashvtllb, 3d Bate,- 

Off Oibaraj Ouba^ August 9, 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to report the following occurrences at this 
place since the dato of my last report, July 27, 1898. 

On July 28 Gen. Luis Feria left the town. At 10.30 a. m. I returned 
the official visit of Gen; Joaquin Planes, who had been left in command 
by General Feria. Attended by three officers of the Nashville^ I was 
received at the landing by General Planes and his staff and a military 
escort, and was conducted by them to the Casino, where I found a large 
number of the citizens of the city and preparations for a reception and 
luncheon. A deputation of citizens met us at the Oasino, and I was 
informed by them that the citizens of Gibara desired to welcome myself 
and officers and to tender us this public reception. Ladies to the 
number of 15 or 20 then came into the hall and were introduced. 

The hall was cleared afterwards, and there was dancing for an hour 
or more. 

Mi^or-General Capote, of the Cuban army, who, I was informed, was 
in command to the westward of Holguin, arrived in Gibara about 
sunset, and sent aides on board to represent him and to say that he 
would call in person on the following day. Subsequently he sent an 
aid to say that he had been suddenly summoned away and to apologize 
for not being able to call. 

The French cruiser UEstaing arrived about 11 a. m. on the 30th of 
July and anchored. I sent an officer on board at once, and lie was 
informed that she left Havana on the 28th, and had come to look into 
the matter of the imprisonment of the French consular agent at this 
place. 

It appears that about two weeks prior to the evacuation the 
French consul agent was arrested by the Spanish authorities for 
attempting to send a letter to French citizens resident at Banes, and 
was imprisoned for twenty-four hours, but afterwards released on his 
making a protest. 



BUBXAU OF NAVIQATION. 287 

He contrived to get a letter to tbe French consul-general at Havanai 
which was the occasion of the sending tbe lyEttaing to this place. 

The commanding officer of the D^Estaing notified me that he woald 
call after luncheon, but as a frenh north wind was blowing his ship 
dragged, and about 12 m., after getting underway and apparently try- 
ing to find a better anchorage, he steamed out of the bay and stood to 
the westward without having made a visit to this ship. A boat from 
the L^Estaing left the ship soon after she had anchored and started 
toward the town, but meeting on the way a boat in which was the 
French consular agent, the brats communicated with each other for a 
few minutes and then separated, the ship's boat returning to the 
jyEsiaing and the consular agent's to Oibara. 

At 5 p. m. of the same date the MayJUncer arrived. The order from 
the commander in chief detaching Ohief Engineer E. K. Freeman, U. 
8. N., from this ship and directing him to proceed in the Majfflovoer to 
join the /adtaita, was delivered to that officer, and at 9 p. m. the Jfoy- 
flower sailed, having that officer on board. 

At 4 p. m. Gton. Calixto tiivcia arrived in Oibara, eight days firom 
Santiago de Cuba, and sent three of his aides on board to inform me 
of his arrival and to say that he wished to cooperate with the forces of 
the United States in every way. 

At 10^ a. m. on July 31 1 paid an official visit to General Garcia at 
his headquarters on shore. He informed me that he had come from 
Santiago de Cuba to take charge of operations in the district of Hol- 
guin, and that he would remain until all the Spanish troops in this dis- 
trict had either evacuated it or surrendered, after which he should 
proceed to the westward. The General informed me that there were 
aboQt 8,000 Spanish troops, under Gen. Augustin Lnque, concentrated 
at Holguin, and that there were no other Spanish troops in the prov- 
ince of Santiago de Ouba, excepting about 2,000 at Manzanillo. 

On August 2 General Garcia notified me officially of the appoint- 
ment of military and customs authorities for this district, and of the 
election of a mayor and council for the city of Gibara. Copies of these 
letters, announcing the appointments and giving the names of the offi- 
cials, are herewith inclosed; also printed copies of proclamations which 
have been issued by the general in command. 

I have granted permission, at General Garcia's request, for several 
small sloops and boats belon^^ng here to ply between Gibara and the 
small places to the eastward as far as Sama, for the purpose of bringing 
in fruits, yams, charcoal, etc., after being proi>erly cleared. 

Word having been received from Punta del Padre that a Ouban 
relief expedition was landing at that place, I permitted, on August 2, 
at General Garcia's request, a small steamer which belongs here to go 
to Punta del Padre with Colonel Collazo, of General Garcia's staff, to 
ascertain what the expedition was, and if practicrable to have it come 
here. The steamer returned on the 4th of August. Colonel Collazo 
reported that he found the steamer Wanderer at Punta del Padre, and 
that she had nearly completed landing her cargo, which consisted of 
provisions, saddles, shoes, a few small arms, and some ammunition. 
As most of her cargo had already been landed, the captain of the 
Wanderer was unwilling to reload her and to bring her here, so after 
discharging the Wanderer sailed to the westward. Most of the sup- 
plies have been brought here in small sloops, which were dispatched to 
Punta del Padre for that purpose. 

On August 5 General Garcia returned my official visit. 

On August 6 a small sloop arrived from Baracoa and Sagua de 



288 BXTREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Tamano loaded with cocoarmts, and having some letters, both official 
and private, firom the Spanish troops at Sagna. I have examined the 
official letters, bat fonnd no important information in them. I send 
herewith both the official and private letters. The sloop had been 
eight days in coming from Baracoa, and four days from Sagua. The 
Spanish troops were still in possession of both places when she sailed, 
and were ignorant of the fact that this place had been evacuated by 
General Luque. 

On the same date a small sloop arrived from Nuevitas. bringing a 
Spaniard, who, when arrested and examined, stated that ne had been 
sent by Qeneral Salcedo, commanding the Spanish forces at Nuevitas, 
with a dispatch for General Luque, ordering him to evacuate Holguin 
and to retire to Puerto del Principe, but, on seeing that Gibara was in 
I>os8ession of the CTnited States and Guban forces, that he had torn up 
and thrown overboard the dispatch. 

He further stated that General Salcedo had burned and destroyed 
the forts near the entrance to Nuevitas Harbor, and that two Spanish 
gunboats, the Fizarro and Ligera^ had been sunk in the channel, pre- 
paratory to the evacuation of Nue vitas by the Spanish forces and their 
return to Puerto del Principe. 

General Garcia informed me that he had received on the 7th instant 
a report from his lines around Holguin, that General Luque was col- 
lecting pack animals, horses, and carts, which was thought to indicate 
that he was contemplating a retreat to the westward. 

The CT. S. S. Badger came in on the afternoon of the 7th, and after 
communicating sailed for Guantauamo. Later on the same day a small 
boat arrived from Nuevitas in charge of a man who, I am informed, has 
a family in this place, but who has been employed as pilot at Nuevitas. 
He was taken into custody by the Guban military forces, and was sent 
on board this morning by General Garcia for me to examine. This man 
states that there were from 1,200 to 1,500 Spanish troops at Nuevitas 
when he left there two days ago; that the guns have been removed 
from the forts near the entrance of the x>ort, and the latter burned; that 
there are seven contact mines in tbe channel leading to the town, and 
that three Spanish gunboats, viz, the IHzaro, the Yumuri^ and the 
Oolondrina, were recently sunk by their crews in the harbor. The man's 
statement is that the guns of these gunboats were dismounted and 
thrown overboard and not taken away, and that the vessels were sunk 
by opening the sea valves. 

The condition of affairs here at Gibara at this date is as follows: 

Good order and quiet have prevailed since the evacuation, there hav- 
ing been no disturbance or breaches of the peace of any kind. 

There is a great scarcity of food of all kinds, excepting plantains, 
sweet potatoes, and some fruits, and the x>oorer classes are suffering in 
consequence. (Jlothing and kerosene oil are also much needed. 

The Spanish soldiers who were left in the hospital under the Bed 
Gross flag are nearly out of provisions. General Garcia has furnished 
them with some fresh beef, and I shall issue to them as much flour, 
hard bread, and salt meat as can be spared from the ship's stores, as it 
becomes necessary, but the supply will not last long, and there is 
urgent need for provisions to be sent here as soon as practicable. 

A considerable number of the soldiers who are in the hospital are now 
well enough to be discharged, and it has become a problem how to dis- 
pose of them. General Garcia has proposed to me that he should send 
them to Banes (30 miles by laud) under guard, where he already has 
some prisoners of war, and where, he says, he can have them guarded 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 289 

«nd sabsisted, there being at that point plenty of sweet potatoes, 
bananas, and facilities for procuring fresh beef. He says he wiU goar- 
antee their safety and proper treatment as prisoners of war. He fears 
that there may be trouble with them if kept here in Oibara, both on 
acoonnt of the lack of food and of the insufficient number of troops to 
gniurd them if confined. If they are not confined there is danger of col- 
lision between them and the citizens. 

As soon as G^eral Luque evacuates Holgnin or surrenders — and it 
appears that he must do the one thing or the other soon, if one can 
judge from the reports — ^the sooner this port can be declared oi>en the 
better it will be for the people of Oibara and the surrounding country, 
in order that business and trade may be established and the people be 
able to supply themselves with food, clothing, and other necessary 
articles. There is considerable money in the pliice, I am told. 

I send this by the captured schooner Expreiio ae CKbara^ under the 
charge of Ensign J. E. Walker, U. 8. K, as prize master. 

The questions of the supply of food, and the disposition of prisoners, 
and of the early opening of the port appear to me to be important ones, 
and to require early action. 

I have coal and stores sufficient to last until about August 23. 
Very respectfully, 

W. Matnabd, 
OammandeTy XT. 8, JT., Oomma/nding. 

The Ck>MMAin)BB nf Ohisf North Atlantic Flbbt. 



H. 8. 8. Bahoroft, 
Bloekade Duty off l9le of Pineij Auguit 9j 1898. 

Sir : Since my last report, dated August 2, the operations of the 
blockading west of the Ide or Pines has been as follows : 

On the forenoon of August 2, when in the vicinity of the wreck of 
the steamer Santo Domingo^ in Cortes Bay, a saQ was seen dose to the 
land about 10 miles to the northward. 

The Baneroffs steam launch was lowered, with 1-pounder gun mounted 
in bows, and a crew of 14 men, under charge of Lieut Henry B. Wilson, 
was sent to intercept her. By the time the launch reached the vicinity 
the schooner had worked into a port, and was being hauled aground by 
some men and soldiers. The launch stood right in, oi>ening fire and 
disi>ersing the crowd. James Munro (apprentice, first class) swam to 
the schooner and made &st a line; Valdemar Holmgren (ordinary sea- 
man) swam to the pier, where a small sloop-rigged l^t was made fast. 
As the launch was trying to haul o£f the schooner the line parted, and 
while another Une was being run three volleys were fired from the 
high grass on the left bank. Emmanouil Koulouris (coal passer) was 
instantly killed^ being shot through the arm and breast. A rapid fire 
was started with rSes, while Lieutenant Wilson maneuvered the 
launch so as to take a line thrown by Holmgren from the small boat, 
which he had shoved off from the wharf; the boat was pulled out 
and a fire oi>ened on the ambuscade with the 1-pounder, wluch routed 
the party; when the fire of the 1-pounder was then turned on the 
schooner, as it was too hard aground to pull off under the circum- 
stances and it was damaged beyond present use. The party then 
returned to the Bancroft^ bringing the smaller boat with them. It is 
quite remarkable that the enemy got in only one effective shot. W9 

688S— 19 



290 BUREAU OF NAYIGATIOR. 

had no means of knowing their loss, but it was no doubt severe. I 
can not say too much in praise of Lieutenant Wilson and all the men 
in the party for their coolness. When fired upon their first thought 
was to reseue tiieir companion, who was on the wharfl It was admirably 
done and the small prize carried o£f. I send copy of Lieutenant Wil- 
son's report. The prisoners I had on board spoke of the place as if it 
were pronounced Belin. They knew nothing about it except that it 
was a military post with 40 men ; a shipping point, and that the wharf 
had been built since the war. They said the schooner had come out of 
the Ouama Biver near by, up which there is a very fertile country. 
This place, which has been before unknown to me and is not on the 
chart, consists of several small warehouses and a pier, on which is a 
railroad track. Whether this track is merely a local one for running 
goods into the warehouses or is the terminus of a railroad to Pinar del 
Bio I am unable at present to determine; no cars were seen. None of 
the prisoners I had on board had been there for six months. One said 
positively there was no railroad except from Batabano; while another 
thought they had built one to some point, probably Ooloma, since the 
beginning of the war. 

On the afternoon of the death the Bcmcroft steamed outside and the 
remains of Emmanouil Koulouris were committed to the deep with fhll 
ceremonies. A letter has been written to his father, who lives on the 
island of Siphno, in care of the United States minister resident and 
consul-general at Athens, Greece. 

The following morning I started for Siguanea Bay, where the MapU 
had gone two days previous, to maintain blockade and sound out a 
passage. Having gotten all the information I could out of the prisoners 
mentioned in last report I let them go. Arrived off Siguanea Bay about 
noon, where MapU signaled passage with Mount Canada, N. 80^ E., 3^ 
fathoms least water. Started in, following MapUj and for some time got 
3 fathoms and twice got 16 feet, which shows how uncertain it is. 
When well inside found a well-protected anchorage in 7 fathoms; good 
holding ground. Maple reported boarding several steamers and speak- 
ing the Wilmington, bound to Key West. Work being necessary on the 
Bancroft 9 boiler tuoes, in the early morning of the next day, Thursday, 
the 4th instant, I went on board the Maple, taking the Bancro/Vs steam 
launch with a 1-pounder gun and armed crew, in charge of Ensign Vogel- 
gesang, and started for Nueva Gerona, 35 miles distant, on the north 
side of the island, the principal port and reported place of a large 
blockade trade with Batabano. It would be very convenient to have a 
local pilot in these waters, but between the launch and the light draft 
of the Maple we were able to feel our way about with a fair sense of 
security. Three fathoms was the least water we got going in, but return- 
ing got 15 feet. At about 10 a. m. sighted two sloops weU inshore; sent 
steam launch, which brought off crews and reported both as sponge 
fishers. Being satisfied that they were engaged in nothing but sponge 
fishing, and not wanting to delay further, I let them go. As we turned to 
the eastward, at northwest end of the Isle of Pines, saw the usual warn- 
ing fires burning ahead of us. When in front of Nueva Gerona steamed 
close up to entrance of river and sent launch ahead to examine bar, and 
she found 6 feet on it, though there is probably deeper water. Seeing 
three schooners on the Batabano side of reef, about 10 miles distant 
being lifted in mirage, recalled launch, and, steaming over till 3 fathoms 
were reached, sent her for what looked to be an opening in the reef^ 
through which she passed to within a mile of the vessels, when she 
struck 2 feet, with trees growing up out of the water. To have gone 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 291 

uoand the reef would have been 15 miles, so launch retomed to the 
Maple and we steamed to the eastward. Sighted a sloop which stood 
inshore to where a large schooner was anchored. Sent steam launch 
in to inspect the boat, and, on approach of which, the crews of the 
Spanish vessels took to their boats, the sloop having been mn aground. 
As the laanch was about to board the sloop a fire was opened firom 
shore, which was replied to from the launch, the Maple also oi>ening fire, 
and the beach was swept, the dense foliage giving the enemy an advan- 
tage which| if taken, would have been hard to deal with. No one was 
injured in our party. The sloop was a trading vessel with no cargo 
and was destroyed, while the schooner, which was loaded with wood 
and charcoal, was hauled out and we anchored till morning, when we 
got under way for Siguanea Bay, towing the schooner and steam launch. 
There seems to be quite a commerce between Batabano and Nueva 
Gerona, but as far as I have yet seen, it consists of wood, charcoal, and 
sponges, with chickens and fruit in small quantities. Nueva Gerona is 
beautifully situated between the mountains, a short distance up a river, 
where we saw anchored three schooners. Siguanea Bay is an excellent 
base for vessels of light drafL I believe eventually 20 feet can be found 
over bar, but until such a channel has been surveyed and buoyed, ships 
must run in a straight line, and no ship drawing over 14 feet should 
attempt to enter at present. A vessel stationed on the north side of the 
Isle of Pines would cut off all communication with Batabano. I have as 

Kt seen no signs of any foreign products getting into any ports, Bata- 
no or Goloma, nor do I believe any have gotten in on the west side of 
the Isle of Pines. On reaching Siguanea Bay, saw Bancroft coming for 
UB, Lieutenant Yeeder having become anxious over our long stay. Saw 
a vessel outside, which we took to be one of our converted yachts, and 
directed Maple to go out and meet her. It proved to be the Hometj 
which thought we were Spanish vessels coming out. She had come fh>m 
the eastward to take her place on the west-side blockade, and I directed 
her to Cortes Bay. On the morning of the 6th the Bancroft took 16 
tons of charcoal firom the prize schooner Carmita, and Maple took a large 
quantity of wood. The same day the Maple returned to the vicinity of 
Nueva Gerona for the night, while the Bancroft proceeded out on line 
Mount Canada, N. 81 E. (mag.), with steam launch ahead sounding, least 
water being 3 fathoms, which depth we carried for some time. Vessel 
was anchored on extreme edge of ledge, where within a ship's length it 
drops firom 7 to 12 fathoms, and then into the deep sea, where an abun- 
dant supply of fish of the finest quality was caught. Sent armed party 
in steam launch, in charge of Ensign W. W. Phelps, to make an exam- 
ination of Pedemales Bay, which had been rei>orted as a shipping point. 
Party returned at 5 p. m. and reported the place as suitable for a winter 
refuge, one or two huts belonging to fishermen, but no signs of anything 
else. The following day, Sunday, at noon, the Maple returned fit>m 
vicinity of Nueva Gerona and reported all quiet The Maple being low 
in coal supply, I directed her to return inside and use fuel from the prize 
schooner, while Bancroft proceeded same night to Cortes Bay to com- 
municate with Rometj my intention being to return immediately and 
send Maple to Key West. Our chief engineer reports the use of char- 
coal very satisfiEMStory while at anchor, but we were not able to obtain very 
good results while underway. However, it gave an excellent bed for 
spreading coal and was a great saving to our coal supply. The follow- 
ing morning met Hornet off Cortes Bay with a small schooner as a prize, 
and about noon we anchored in Cortes Bay. Toward evening Helena 
and Eagle arrived from Key West. In compliance with order from oom- 



292 BUREAU OF NAYIOATION 

modore commanding naval base Key West, broaght by the Helena for 
Bancroft to return at once to Key West to coal and report for duty on 
blockade north side, the Bancroft left Cortes Bay at daylight, August 
9, and arrived at Key West the morning of August 11. 

Word was sent by Ihe Uagle to the commanding ofiftcer of the Maple 
to use his judgment as to whether to destroy or bring to Key West 
the prize schooner Carmita. 

I have learned from a pilot furnished the Maple by the Guban camp 
on the coast east of the Isle of Pines that the name of the town where 
the fight was on August 2 is Bail^n or Oaray. He is not familiar with 
the waters west of Batabano, but thinks there is no railroad west of 
Pinar del Eio, and that goods are lauded at Baildn and carried by road 
to Pinar del Eio. He had heard that when the steamer Villaverde landed 
her cargo some time ago she put most of it ashore at Port Gortes so as 
to reduce her draft, and then proceeded to Coloma. He thinks that 
the Santo Domingo was going to land cargo at Bail6n and then get to 
Batabano with the 12-inch guns. 

Since we have had the last supply of coal (George's Creek) the cruis- 
ing speed of the Bancroft has fallen from over 10 knots to about 6. 
Very respectfriUyy 

ElOHABDSON OlOYBB, 

Commander^ U. 8. N.j Commanding. 

The OoMMAin)EB in Chief IT. S. Naval Foboes, 

North Atlantic Station. 



UmTBD States Stbamer Bancroft, 

Corte$ Bay, Cuba, Auguit t, 1898. 

Sir: I have to report that I left the ship this morning at ahont 8.15 in charge of 
an expedition to intercept a schooner seen under way about 10 miles to the north- 
ward and near the land. The steam launch was fitted with a 1-pounder and manned 
by fourteen men armed with rifles. Upon nearing the shore a small settlement of 
about six houses^ apparently warehouses, was seen situated at the head of a bend or 
turn near the shore line, and some men were hauling a schooner in near the beach. 
Seeing soldiers in the party. I opened fire with the 1-pounder and drove Uiem off to 
the right. They having taken refage in the tall grass there, the firing was contin- 
ued until the place was well cleared. The left-hand shore was also shelled. In the 
Tillage itself I satisfied myself no armed person was lurking. The steam launch 
then slowly steamed in toward the schooner, the riflemen keeping up the fire on 
both sides. The schooner was found aground, with a oarffo of green com, grain, and 
rum. J. Munro (apprentice, first class) swam to her with the end of a line ana the 
launch was started ahead. The whole time the firing was being kept up by the 
riflemen on each side. The line parted, and while endeavoring U> run another the 
launch was fired upon from the left-hand shore by soldiers concealed in the shrub- 
bery, three volleys beiDg fired. The launcli was then turned sufficiently to briuff 
the 1-pounder to bear and the vicinity shelled effectually, for we heard no more vof 
leys or single shots. During this attack E. Koulouris (coal passer) was shot in the 
left breast and killed instantly; fortunately no one else was injured. It is very 
probable that the Spanish met with severe loss, for the fire of the riflemen and the 
1-pounder was well directed. Before the firing of the volleys Valdemar Holmgren 
(ordinary seaman) swam ashore about 25 vards to pier, on which was a railroad track, 
out adrift a small sloop, and during the firing so nana led her as to be able to throw 
a line to the launch, which I maneuvered to cover him. I then towed her out as a 
prize, and seeing that under the circumetances it would be impossible to get the 
schooner afloat, I swung the head of the launch toward her and put a number of 
shots in, effectually disabling her. No other vessels or boats were seen. 

I am pleased to add that all hands conducted themselves in a most exemplary 
manner during the trying moments. 

BespectAilly submitted. H. B. Wilson, 

lieu,tmantf UniUd Siate$ Navg. 

The Commanding Officsr, 

U» 8, 8. Bancroft. 



BUBEAU OF NAYIOATIOH. 



Wooefs. 



293 



Tatllgtsss 




O Schooneft 

9 Smaii sloop. 

% h>siiion 9f Launch mhonfindupah^ 

ftom atouf the position A.. 
ProbabhSfbot line. 

Skatflh from memory of BoiMm place rlslted by eteem leiinoli, JBoiMr^ Angaet S, IflM. 



131360. 



No. 32.] 



[Beport of aeelgmDent of Toeeele on north CalMm Mookeda.] 



XJ. 8. Flagship San Fbanoisoo, 
Of Havana^ Cuba, Auffust 3j 1898. 

Sib : I deaire to make the following report of assigninent of the ves- 
8elB uBder my command on this date: 

Off Matanzas: Biren and Uncos, 

Off Sagaa la Grande and vicinity: Viking and Hawk. 

Off OaiSrdenas: HudsoTi. 

The Pampey has been sent to the Isle of Pines, the Mangrove has jnst 
left tiatanzasfor Key West for important repairs to her machinery, 
which will keep her in port for some days, and the commanding officer 
of the Uncos reports that his ship will soon have to have Important 
work done apon her machinery which will necessitate her remaining in 
port for some days also. I have no ships with which to relieve these 
vessels. 

Off Havana: Piscaiaquaj Marietta, Topeka, Str anger. Ban Franeiico, 
Woodbury, Peoria, Caeiine^ Oneida. 

The Stranger leaves for Key West for coal and water to-night, bat 
she should retom in a few days. 



294 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Off tfaiiel and Bahia Honda: Nothing. The Pt^eataqua was there 
on August 1, bat the departure of ships from this station compell^ me 
to call her in. 

I desire to call your attention to the small number of ships with 
which I am supposed to keep up an efficient blockade of over 400 miles 
of coast, and also to the fact that most of these ships are of low 8i>eed, 
light gun fire, and would be entirely at the mercy of a hurricane. In 
regard to the low speed of the great part of the ships I wish to forward 
the following copy of a paragraph in a report to me from the command- 
ing officer of the U. S. S. Mangrove: 

We were alongside the Pompey coaling on the 28th (July) nntil 5 p. m., when we got 
nnderway and stood to the westward. At 11.30 p. m. sighted a steamer bound in for 
Matanzas ; when first seen she was distant about 2^ miles j we chased her for two 
hours at our best speed and kept up fire on her during this time, but she was too fast 
for us and escaped. At 5 a. m. on the 29th| we were about 4 miles off the entrance 
to Matanzas with no steamer in sight." 

The commanding officer of the Mangrove reported verbally that since 
this occurrence there have been two steamers in Matanzas which have 
tried to escape at night, but that up to the time of his leaving that port 
these efforts had been frustrated by his ship and the Tineas. 

I have to forward the following extract from a report made to me by 
the commanding officer of the U. 8. 8. Pompey on July 31 last, just 
before leaving Oardenas: 

I am glad to inform yon that the health of the officers and crew is excellent. 

The rainy season has set in and rain squalls frequently extend to seaward accom- 
panied by thunder and lightning. 

The sunboats and small yessels still show themselves inside the cays beyond our 
reach, but since our late captures they do not venture out so far. 

Tlie couriers from the insurgent camp report that many of the troops in and 
around Cardenas have been withdrawn and sent to the westward. Colonel Rojas 
had a slight skirmish near Cardenas — closing two men, killing nine men, and captur- 
ing one officer. He then took his force to the mountains. 

Very respectfully^ 

J. A. Howell, 
Commodore^ U. 8. N.. 
Commanding First Squadron^ North Atlantic Pleet. 

The Seobetaby of the Navy, 

Navy Dejpartmentf W€uhingtonj D. 0. 



U. 8. S. Eagle, 
Key Weatj Ma.^ August 5, 1898. 

Sni: • • • During the forenoon of July 26 a Cuban camp was 
noticed at the extreme end of Maugh Point, from which signals were 
being made with a Cuban flag. The Eagle ran to within half a mile, in 
rapidly shallowing water, and sent an officer on shore to communicate 
with the insurgentSi and if possible to obtain a pilot for the waters in 
this vicinity. 

Information was obtained as follows: The Cuban troops in the prov- 
ince of Pinar del Rio numbered about 600, under the command of Gen- 
eral Lasso, and were well supplied with arms and ammunition. The 
force at Maugh Point (locally known as Punta de la Liana) numbered 
45, under the command of Lieutenant Dell Yalle, in addition to which he 
had a force of 16 men close to Cape Francis. 

The town in Cortes Lagoon was named Cortes, and contained a popu- 
lation at 1|600, all of whom are suffering from the effects of the war. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 295 

The town was the seat of the tobacco indastry of the neighboring region^ 
bnt all tobacco had been removed to Havana several months previous. 
He stated that about 30 Spanish soldiers guarded the town, but Com- 
mander Glover, of the Bancroft^ has since learned from a Ouban resident 
that this numbw should be about 100. 

Communication between points on this part of the coast is carried 
on by signal lights at different points, and by heliographic signals from 
Cortes. 

A. small town on the coast, 4} miles above Cortes, is named Baling. 
It contains one blockhouse, but no soldiers are now located there. The 
town of Coloma, some 15 miles to the eastward, at which it is supposed 
the ViUaverde once landed a cargo, is in daily communication with 
Batabano by means of two light^raft paddle-wheel steamboats. No 
vessel had gone to either of these towns since the burning of the Santo 
Domingo. 

A force of about 50 Spanish soldiers is stationed at Cape San 
Antonio, where are several small field pieces. 

Lieutenant Dell Valle was kind enough to send for a Cuban pilot for 
the Eagle, but circumstances prevented his arrival before the EagU^B 
departure. 

The same afternoon the Eagle visited the wreck of the Santo Domingoj 
and found the forward and after parts still smouldering. 

On the morning of July 28 the Bancroft arrived on the blockade, and 
that day, with the Eagle in company, visited the Cuban camp herein 
referred to, and the wreck of the Santo Domingo. 

As the Eagle was afterwards in company with the Bancrofty all sub* 
sequent events will be reported upon by the commander of the Bai^ 
ero/U 

I wish to state that I believe the 12-inch guns on the Santo Domingo 
can be saved by wreckers if the Department so desires. In my opin- 
ion they fell frt>m the skids, which burned from under them, to the hold 
of the vessel, crushing the bottom plating and allowing the vessel to fill 
with water. The breech-screw threads of the 4.72-inch guns are ruined, 
bnt they can easily be turned at a gun flEM^tory to take a slightly larger 
breechblock. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHEBLAND, 

Lie/uiemant U, S. N.y Commanding, 

The COMMANBBS IN CHIEF OP XJ. S. NAVAL FOBOBS, 

North Atlantic Station^ Keg Weet^ Flo. 



132959. 

[Beport •& Uoekid* of SsfnA 1* GhnB4% Cab*.] 

Ko. 33.] XJ. S. Flagship San Fbanoisoo, 

Key West, Fla.^ Auguet 7, 1898. 

SiB: Upon my arrival here yesterday I received the following 
telegram: 

Washington, D. C, Auguti 5, 1898. 
HownXy 

(Through Narftl Base, Key West, FIa.): 

Tour telegram of 2d instant is received. Apmeke^ Sylvia, and F\rolic probably now 
with yon. Othera wiU be aent when practicable. Your remarks alN>ut sea;;oing 
■Idpa with ilRmg battaiiea ka blockade off Hayana are noted. Any blockades to 



296 BUBBAU OP NAVIGATION. 

the east of Cardenas may be discontinued dorinff the hnrricane season unless near 
port of refnge is ayailable^ like Gibara or Nipe Port. Department has thus far been 
unable to seours vessels of maximum drafLo feet, of requisite structural strength to 
insure safe passage even in moderate weatner. Dolphin available 10th. WUf t^en 
be sent. 

I have just come firom an inspection of the blockading operations 
now going on at Sagaa la Grande and the vicinity. I have so far bad 
tbe Vikingj SireUj and Hawk engaged there and tbey have succeeded 
in putting a stop to tbe entry of steamers to any of tbe ports in that 
vicinity. Tbe torpedo boats Foote^ Gushing, and McKee are now there 
and tbe Talhoi is expected to go in a few days. Although not tbe best 
form of vessel for this work, these torpedo boats can go inside the keys 
and do much toward breaking up tbe trade inside. This trade, how- 
ever, was dependent upon tbe arrival of steamers with freight for trans- 
portation, so that tbe shutting out of these steamers has practically put 
an end to tbe work inside tbe keys. I shall endeavor to maintain two 
or three small vessels outside tbe keys there, with two or more torpedo 
boats inside, and I am confident that this will constitute a perfect 
blockade as far as freight for Havana is concerned. These vessels are 
all able to seek shelter behind tbe keys, so that they can get under 
cover in case of a gale. 

Tbe place at which there is the most danger to the small vessels is 
tbe Havana blockade. There is no shelter to be found there in case of 
bad weather, and vessels would have to run across tbe channel to seek 
shelter. 

Very respectftdly, J. A. Howell, 

Commodore, U, a. N., 
Commanding Fint Squadron, North Atlantio FleeU 

The Segbetaby of the Navy, 

Navy Department, Washington, D. 0. 



No. 35.] U. 8. Flagship San Feakoisoo, 

Off Ha/vana, Cuba, August 12, 1898. 

Sm: I have to make the following report in regard to operations 
connected with tbe blockade recently established by me in tbe vicinity 
of Sagua La Grande: 

On July 11, while lying o£f Havana in this ship^ I received a telegram 
from Admiral Sampson, tbe text of which is given below in my tele- 
gram to you of tbe 8tb instant, directing me to station a force on blockade 
between Nuevitas and Fort In ipe, in order to hamper the Spanish forces 
at Santiago should tbey endeavor to retreat in that direction or to be 
provisioned by that route. These orders also further directed me to 
blockade as much of tbe rest of the north coast of Onba as possible 
with the force under my command. 

Many of the ships of my command being needed between Oardenas 
and Babia Honda, I was only able to muster force to blockade one 
other section of the coast, and I accordingly went at once to tbe east- 
ward, and on July 13 established a blockade of that portion of tbe 
coast lying between Nuevitas and Port Nipe. Returning to Key West 
after the establishment of this blockade, and learning later of the fall 
of Santiago, I saw that this blockade bad ceased to be important, and 
so allowed it to lapse. 

Perceiving that no blockade of Havana could be efficient as long as 
Sagua La Grande was left open, and knowing from rexK>rt8 received 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 297 

ficom oommanding officers of ships that a large trade was going on there, 
I at onoe proceeded to establish a blockade between Oardenas and Nne- 
Yitas in accordance with Admiral Sampson's orders. This blockade 
was efficiently maintained, and the traffic was quickly and thoroughly 
broken up. 

Daring the course of these oi>erations I corresponded with the 
Department regularly in regard to the necessity for breaking up this 
trade, as well as the corresponding traffic in small boats and lighters 
inside the keys, and received several replies bearing on the subject. 

In this connection I have to call your attention to the following let* 
ters written by me to the Secretary of the Navy, copies of which are 
inclosed herewith: No. 26, of July 19; No. 28, of July 27; No. 30, of 
August 1, and the telegrams which it acknowledges and confirms; No. 
32, of August 2, and No. 33 of August 7. Also to my letter No. 4, of 
July 27, to the commander in chief, a copy of which I forwiurded to the " 
Department. These letters gave the Department full information in 
regard to my operations. 

1 have to aolmowledge the receipt of the following telegram : 

WASmNOTON, D. C, Augtut 8, 1998. 
HowKLL, Kaval Ba94, Ke^ West, Fla,: 

By what authority are jon blookadinar Sagna La Grande t It ia not inoladed in 
the Preaident's proclamation. Sampson naa not informed Department that he has 
blockaded it, and therefore no proclamation has been isened. CoartB are releasing 
TesMla eaptnred. Glaims for damages ¥rill be heayy. Protests from three Govern- 
ments already reoei ved at State Department. Famish all information in yonr posses- 
sion immediately that proclamation may be issued if found adYisable. Meantima 
yon are not anthoriced to capture vessels going there. 

Lovo. 

In answer to this I sent the following telegram : 

KxT WxsT, FUL., A%9yut 8, 1898. 
Sbcbktabt Kavt, WaaikingUm^ D, C: 

Telegram asking authority for blockade north ooast Cuba reoeived. In reply 
state tEat on July 10 reoeived telegram from Sampson as follows : 

**HowKLL, Keg We9t: 

"Ton will please assume command of the blockade force on the north coast of 
Cuba, and as the forces defending Santiago de Cuba are expected to capitulate off- 
hand, to abandon place (position), and to march toward Holguin, where it would 
be oonvenient either to remove the troops by boat through the keys on the north 
coast, or to provision them by the same route. You will please station between Port 
Nipe and Nuevitas sufficient force to prevent any expedition reaching Holguin 
between these two points, and make other disposition or the force under TOur com- 
mand that will blockade north ooast of Cuba as fjKr as it is possible to ao so with 
the ioroe under your command. 

"Sampson." 

I established blockade north ooast Santiago de Cuba from Nuevitas to Nipe at 
once, but when Santiago fell allowed blockaae there to lapse, and started work at 
Sagua la Grande as soon thereafter as possible. Call attention to my letter to 
Secretary Navy, No. 28, of July 27, paragraph 7, in regard to this matter. Soon 
after that was written succeeded in establishing an efficient blockade of Sagua la 
Grands, and can maintain present efficient blockade from Cardenas to San Juan da 
loa Remedios, inclnsivs. Shall 1 maintain this blockade, warning off neutral vessels, 
or shall I abandon itt District of Sagua la Grande and yioinity, as defined above, 
mnat be kept closed to efficiently blockade Havana. 

HOWXLL. 

I have to acknowledge the receipt of the following telegram in answer 
to the above: 

Washikgton, D. C, Augu9i 9, 1898. 
Hownx, Nmval JBase, Key We9i, FUt,: 

Baferring to the middle part of Department's telegram of 6th instant^ also the lattsv 



298 BUBEAU OF NAYIOATIOH. 

part ef your telegram 8th instftnty are there near ports of relh|^ for the hlookaden 
OB the section yon mention, from Cardenas to San Joan RemedioSi inolnsiyet 

Lovo. 
In reply, I answered : 

KxT Wb8T, Fla^i Augyat 9, 1898. 
SxCRBTART Navt, Wotkimgton, D. C.t 

Answering telegram of this date, state that light-drafl fonhoats oan do the work 
and always find shelter aronnd the keys. 

Howxiju 

I have to acknowledge the receipt of the following telegram in answer 
to the above : 

WAsmNQTON, D. C, A%gu9i 10, 1898. 
HowxLL, Ntwal Batef Kejf West, Flo,: 

Replying to the last three lines of your telegram of the 8th instant, it is oonsldered 
hest for a raw days not to extend blockade beyond what has already been proolaimed. 
Beyond these limits be very careful not to seize vessela, unless Spanish or carrying 
contraband of war, as neuteals have right to trade with ports not proclaimed block- 
aded. 

AiXBN, Acting Seoretarg. 

I at once sent orders to withdraw the ships of the blockading force 
from Sagna to Matanzas, where they now are, and sent the following 
telegram: 

Kkt Ws8Ty Fla., Augu$i 10, 1898, 
SxcRSTABT Natt, Wathington, D, O.s 

Telegram receiTcd. Have directed withdrawal of blockade of ports mentioned. 

HOWXLL. 

Very respectfhllyy 

J. A. Howell. 
Oommodorey XT. a. IT., 
Ocmmanding First Sguadron^ Korth AtUmtio Fleet, 

The Sbobbtaby of thb Navt, 

Navff Bepartmenty WaahingUm^ D. 0. 



135892. 

XT. 8. 8. HiSTy 
Off Cape Oruzy Cuba, Auguet 10^ 1898. 

Sm : I have the honor to report that I have, in this vessel onder my 
command, made during the last four days, firom the 6th to the 10th, 
inclusive, a thorough reconnoissance of the inland waters from Quarto 
Beales Onannel and Santa Oruz del 8ur to this cape. 

At Santa Oruz del Sur I steamed close in and made a circuit of the 
harbor within rifle shot of the forces on shore, and was therefore able 
to obtain a good view. I found the blockhouse to the eastward of the 
city, the one partially destroyed in the bombardment of July 20, had 
not only been rebuilt, but materially strengthened with a stone and 
sand redoubt; that between the city and this blockhouse a considerable 
sand fort had been thrown up, and upon its face I could make out two 
small guns. Both of these strongholds were heavily garrisoned by 
troops who could be distinctly seen on the ramparts, and from a not 
too reliable source I was informed that the town was garrisoned by 
about 300 Spanish soldiers, the place being practically deserted by the 
usual inhabitants and noncombatants. The day before a schooner 
loaded with provisions from ManzaniUo bound for Jucaro in tow of a 



BUBEAU OF NAYIGATIOK. 299 

oibII steamer, said to be (Jermaiiy stopped here and took on a lot of 
meat and then passed on to the westward. This small steamer that had 
her in tow has for some time been doing similar work, all the while 
flying the German flag. 

At Gnayabel, supposed to be a Cuban port, I foand a handful of 
sickly so-called insurgents, who reported much sickness and distress 
on shore. They could give me little or no information, and, with the 
exception of a young lieutenant, they all appeared to be in favor of 
anyone who came along, a surmise that was borne out upon a close 
cross-questioning and later information. They have been in conseant 
communication with Manzanillo and apparently on friendly terms with 
the enemy of that place, and, while pretending to give us information, 
I have no doubt they have reported all our movements and gave such 
information to the enemy they could obtain. These and all Cubans 
back of Santa Cruz, having access as they do with their native province, 
Puerto Principe, a cattle-raising district, have been the means of sup- 
plying beef at all times to the enemy at Manzanillo and the east. Only 
a few hours before my arrival a small boat sailed fit>m this place to 
Manzanillo, and I tried to intercept it, but failed. 

At Manzanillo I entered the harbor firom the northern passage and 
approached close to the city, making a circuit out and around the upper 
cays, thence through the middle or western entrance. From this 
entrance I approached the front of the city and, with the helm a-port, 
steered round close to the southern side well inside of the range of the 
batteries on shore, being careful to keep well clear of any range buoys. 
In this way I was enabled to obtain a most excellent view of the harbor 
and shipping from all sides. I found anchored in the harbor and along- 
side the dock two rather large and three small steamers, five schooners, 
and a numbtf of small craft, two cargo bar^^ and several hulks, 
besides the wreckage of those vessels sunk in the bombardment of 
July 18. Steam was up in all the steamers and from two of the 
smaller ones steam was escaping, and frt>m most reliable information 
two guns have been mounted upon each of the small steamers. As I 
passed close to the southern battery I could distinctly make out a num- 
ber of Spanish soldiers manning the five guns mounted there, but they 
did not fire a shot, and prudence forbade my doing so. A few days 
before Colond CByan, after evacuating Niquero, succeeded with his 
forces in making Manzanillo, part of the way by land and the rest by 
water. When he left Niquero he had under his command nearly 400 
armed guerrillas, and at San Bamon picked up 125 Spanish soldiers, 
and again at Campechuela 175 more, which, together with a lot of camp 
followers, made a sum total of nearly 1,000 men, well armed and pro- 
visioned and with an abundance of ammunition. These forces, added 
to those already in Manzanillo, would make nearly 5,000 armed troops 
in the city, including the volunteers and civic guards that have recently 
disarmed but again taken into the ranks, but they are very short of 
ammunition. Manzanillo now is the only place on the coast of Cuba 
fit>m Santa Cruz east that is occupied by Spanish troops, and I am cred- 
itably informed that they are anxious to surrender to us, provided a 
sufficient force is presented that will protect them from future Spanish 
triaL Should such an event take place, I desire to call your attention 
to the conduct of this Colonel O'Byan and his cut-throat guerrillas, 
mainly recruited from the criminal class. My principal informant in 
regard to these men is Mr. Beattie, an English gentleman and owner of 
the Media Luna estate. He says that frt>m the very beginning of the 
war up to the present time this man has been oommitting atrocities of 



300 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

all kinds, pillaging villages and robbing the inhabitants, killing in cold 
blood all pacificos, yonng and old, not even sparing children, and shoot 
ing all prisoners of war. Mr. Beattie snpplemented his statement witl 
quite a list of the unfortunate and inoffensive beings who have fallen 
victims to the cruelty of this man and his gang. I also learned from a 
reliable source that the Spanish forces in Manzanillo are desirous of 
forming a junction in the province of Puerto Principe with the forces 
from Holguin, and as they are cut off from the rear by the Guban bush- 
whackers their only alternative is by water to Santa Cruz or Jucaro, 
and* that they were making preparations for such a move. This infor- 
mation has confirmation in the fact that they have recently been ship- 
ping provisions west and for several days actively engaged in cutting 
all the com and destroying the vegetable patches in and about Man- 
zanillo, even planted by themselves. With the five steamers to tow 
and the two large barges and other craft in the harbor they have suffi- 
cient means of transportation through the shallow channels behind 
the cays. 

At Calcito, about 6 miles south of Manzanillo, I communicated with 
the Cuban forces of 150 encamped at that place, and near by in the 
neighborhood, scattered about, are 500 more troops on leave fix>m San- 
tiago, aU well armed and with plenty of ammunition, but short of food. 
Here I learned that the Cuban General Bios about five days before had, 
with a few hundred troops, formed a junction with General Eabi with 
a few hundred more, making, in all, 500, at Cano, and the two had 
advanced to and taken possession of Blanquizal, only 1^ miles to the 
eastward of Manzanillo and commanding the roads from that city to 
the interior. 

General Babi is the commander of the second Cuban army corps, 
which includes two divisions, the first under General Bios and the sec- 
ond under General Lova, and his eastern district extends from the Biver 
Bayamo to the coast, from Cape Cruz to the Biver Contramiestro, and 
they hold all the towns and villages in that district except Manzanillo. 
A few days ago they had a fight with the Spanish forces in the suburbs 
of that city, in which they killed 7 Spaniards and took 11 prisoners, with 
a loss of 1 officer and 2 men killed and 1 wounded. The prisoners taken 
in this engagement are treated with consideration. 

All along the coast there is much suffering and distress from the 
want of food and proi>er nourishment, and a little back, stretching 
toward the interior, it is pitiful, and can only be relieved by either the 
evacuation of Manzanillo by the Spanish forces or its capture and 
occupation by our forces. 

At Calcito I gave the surgeon in charge a barrel of pork for the sick 
women and children, all of whom are suffering for the want of greasy 
food. 

At Media Luna I placed in Mr. Beattie's hands, for proper distribution 
of a similar nature, a barrel of floui*, a barrel of salt beef, and some 
bread, all that I could spare from my limited supplies, and I feel con- 
fident that even this little will be the means of alleviating some of the 
great suffering I have found to exist in these places. 
I am, respectfully, 

LuoiAN Young, 
Lieutenant^ U. 8. JT., Oommandingm 

Bear-Admiral W. T. Sampson, U. S. N., 

Commander in Ohitf U. 8, Naval Farcee^ 

North Atla/ntic 8tatU>n, 



BUBBAU OF NAVIGATIOH. 801 



[Hiwagt •ititiii ^ trteff ttmm Motto CMlkb) 

U. 8. Flagship Sah Franoisoo, 

Off Havanoj Ouba^ August 12^ 1898. 

Bib: I reffpeotftilly report that this morning, ataboat 5o'olook, while 
OD the ioaide blockade, the batteries located on and near Morro Castle 
opened fire on this vessel, firing about twenty shots, one of which 
atmck the ship in the stem and inflicted the following damages : 

The midship firame was sheared off in two places, the piece cnt off 
being ^ feet long. The next frame on the starboard side was twisted 
sboQt 2 inches. The outside plating and bntt straps were ripped open, 
fluaking an oblong hole 2 feet by 11 inches. 

AH of the damage done is above the spar deck. 

The joiner work in wake of the hole was carried away, damaging the 
pMiel work in the after cabin. 

Poor airport battle plates, which were stowed back of the transom, 
twisteid ont of shape. 
Bespectftilly, B. P. Lbaby, 

Captain^ U. 8. N.j Oam m an diu g. 

OOMMANDXB IK OHIXP FIBST SQUADBON, 

North Atlantic Fleet 



U. a. 8. Kbwabk, 
OffMafuanUlOy Cuba, Auguet 13, 1898. 

I have the honor to submit the following report of the move- 
ta and operations of this vessel and her consorts up to 8 o'clock this 



Ob llie afternoon of the 9th, the Ne^tark left Gnantanamo and was 
shortly after, off the entrance to that port, by the U. 8. 8. Reeolutej 
ing the battalion of marines under Colonel Huntington. We pro- 
to Santiago de Cuba, where we communicated with the 8t. Louie, 
Ifaen continued to the westward. On Wednesday afternoon, the 
Iftk iaalant, we fell in with the Uiet and Suwanee off Cape Cms. Lieu- 
iHHMit-rommander Delehanty, of the Suwanee, having preceded us to 
this point, oommunicated with the Hiet, and learned from her com* 
— Bittng officer. Lieutenant Young, that the condition of affairs at Man- 
naillo was such as to warrant the belief that an attack by the force 
SBder my command would result in a speedy capitulation of the garri- 
9em aad dty. This he re|M>rted to me as being in entire accordance 
witk a letter addressed to you by Commander Todd, of the WUmingUmj 
wiiieli be had been permitted to read on board your flagship. Lieu- 
tiUMit Young, who had on board a comi>etent pilot, assured me that it 
vaa cBtirelv practicable to approach to within about 2 miles of Manxa- 
aillo to a ship drawing as much water as does the Newark, 

m the force detailed by you for the contemplated opera- 
Bt tlM Isle of Pines was not all at hand, and as the Wompatuek 
iB all probability, not leave (tuantanamo until the 12th or possi- 
hi||r the ISlhy it m>peared to me well to occupy this time of waiting iB 
Bl Mciiring Manzanillo and its garrison. 



SOS BUREAU OF NATIGATIOV. 

We waited off Oai>e Craz that night in order to be joined by the 
Aharado and Osceola^ and then, on the morning of the 11th, started 
for Gnatro Reales OhanneL the following ships accompanying the New^ 
ark: Besolutej Suwanee, Mist^ Osceola^ and Alvarado, In order to min- 
imize the chances of accident that wonld be incurred in navigating 
waters only imperfectly charted, I sent the Histy with her pilot, ahead. 
On her starboard beam was the Suwanee. In rear of these two came 
the Osceola, In rear of the Osceola came the Besolutey and lastly the 
Netoarkj with the Alvarado close aboard; all keeping the lead going 
constantly. By a preconcerted system of signals the presence of shosd 
water or other danger coold be instantly communicated from the lead- 
ins ships in ample time to stop the progress of the Resolute and yew- 
a'nc^ heavy-draft vessels. 

We experienced no difficulty whatever in getting through Ouatro 
Beales, the least water found by the Newark being 5^ fathoms. At 
dark that day we anchored inside of the Great Barrier Beef in 10 
fathoms of water, about 40 miles distant from Mtozanillo. 

Yesterday morning, the 12th instant, my little flotilla got under way at 
half past 4, and proceeded to the vicinity of Manzanillo. The Resolute^ 
SuwaneCj Mistj and Osceola anchored well outside of the northern 
entrance. I hoisted a flag of truce on the Newark and proceeded to an 
anchorage about 3 miles distant from the town, whence I sent the Alvor 
rado^ also bearing a flag of truce, to present to the military comman- 
dant a demand for surrender, a copy of which I have the honor to inclose. 
This demand was placed in his hands by Lieutenant Blue at thirty-flve 
minutes past noon. ' The reply was to the effect that the Spanish mil- 
itary code forbade a surrender, except as the sequence of a siege or 
other military operation. 

The town being fortified, is exempt from the privileges and immuni- 
ties attached to defenseless places. Nevertheless, as you will perceive 
from my demand, sufficient time was given to permit noncombatants 
to leave the city. At 3 o'clock I signaled to the outlying vessels to take 
the stations off the town which had been assigned, and at 3.35 hauled 
down the flag of truce on the Newark and proceeaed toward Manza- 
nillo until the shoalness of the water forbade her further approach* 
At 3.40 fire was opened from this ship on the batteries and was main- 
tained with tolerable steadiness until 4.15 o'clock, with an accuracy 
surprising in view of the short time during which she has been com- 
missioned. The other vessels followed shortly after. 

At 4.15 p. m., having seen supposed white flags hoisted on the Span- 
ish gunboat Cuba Espanola and the commandant's quarters, I made 
signal ^^ Cease firing," and sent the Alvarado in under flag of truce. At 
the same time the Suwa/^e^ Hist^ and Osceola^ all under the immediate 
orders of Lieutenant-Commander Delehanty. were approaching the 
town from the southward through the middle channel. When these 
vessels were within 1,000 to 1,500 yards of the batteries the Spanish 
authorities opened fire on them at 4.35, paying no attention to the flag 
of truce on the Alvarado^ which (as I have since been informed) they failed 
to i>erceive. The Alvarado hauled down her flag of truce and joined 
the other gunboats m returning the fire. At 4.50 opened fire again 
from the Newark. The Cuban n>rces at this time appeared to the north- 
ward of the town and began discharging volleys, which were returned 
apparently by Spanish artillery. The Newark threw a number of 6-inch 
shells in this direction in order to assist the Cubans. The SuwaiMe^ 
Osceola^ His% and Alvarado soon returned to the neighborhood of the 
flagship, and we all anchored at about 5.30 p. m. for tiie night. From 



BUREAU OP NATIOATTOH. 808 

• 

tkat tfane ontil daylight this morning one 6-inch shell was fired ftt>m 
the Newark at the* batteries at irregnlar intervals, one shot being fired 
dwinf each half hoar. Daylight revealed a large number of white 
flags flying over the blockhourtes and batteries of Manzanillo and the 

apioach of a boat finom shore bearing a fiag of trace. The captain of 
b port came off and delivered to me a cipher dispatch flrom the Sec- 
retary of the Navy, reading as follows: ^* Protocol of peace signed by 
the President; armistice pro<*laimed.^ My disappointment wan, m may 
be imagined, very great, for I had every reason to believe that the g>ir- 
risoD was entirely ready to surrender. I hiid hoped that the Heet under 

Cur oommand might have won one more laurel and gained one more 
portant victory before the conclusion of peace. 
A few projectiles fell close to this ship, bat the enemy^s attention was 
natorally directed chiefiy against the gunboats. I am happy to report 
DO casoalties or injuries beyond three shots from Mauser rifies through 
the Smwanet^M ensign. What was possibly the last shot of the war was 
A 6>iDch projectile fired from the Newark at 5.20 a. m. today. It gives 
■M great pleasure to si>eak in the highest terms of the officers of this 
ahip and of the remarkable gun practice she displayed. 

I inclose reports of the commanding officers. It is impossible for me 
to ezaffgerate their loyalty, zeal, and bravery, which have been too often 
proved during the war to render eulogy on my part necessary. Sub- 
Jeeled as they were to close fire frt>m guns of various calibers, from old- 
ftshioned smoothbores to Rmpp 14-pounders, and volleys of Mauser 
balleta, they stuck to their post and upheld the honor of the fiag. I 
lUy commend to your fiivorable consideration IJeutenant-Gom- 
I>elehanty, Lieutenants Toung, Purcell, and Blue, commanding 
the Buwanee^ Hitt, OMctoia^ and Alrarado^ respectively. 
A part of the conteniiilated plan of operations was the landing of 
or all of the marines of Oolonel Huntington's command. This 
regret at the loss of an opportunity to win additional distino- 
for his corps and himself was only equaled by his careful study of 
tkm peee sa itiea of the case and his zealous entrance into the spirit of the 
iBtflrprise* 

Oonmander Baton was, as is his wont, most ready and efficient, and 
with his ship was extremely heli^ful toward others. It was only the 
■atare of his ship and her }>ersounel which, under my positive ordersi 
kept him from a more i>rominent place in the action. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. F. OOODBIOH, 

Captain^ U. S. N.j Oamman4ing. 
The OomcAKDRB in Chibp, 

FlagMkip New Yorkj GuantanamOj Cuba, 



U. 8. 8. Nbwabk, 
TampkinMrille^ N. T., Norember 17^ 1698. 

BlB: (1) I have the honor to submit to the Department the following 
from a private letter to me from Lieut. Lucien Young, United 
Navy, commanding U. S. 8. //wl, dated 8antiago, Cuba, Novem- 
7, and giving important information as to the attack on Manzanillo 
kgrosr finces on August 12 last. 

Lale la lh« %tltnmtm of the 12th th« Spuiiah commaDdflr appoialed a heard to 
I what wM baat to do. and thmj recomin<*uded mm ImmediaU Mirruidar 
ilCht la whirh w«* werr flrwl oa, and xhm nonerml •iinsd It. la ontor le 

tieattlMf withdrew mil thair iuttm ttom thm wharf aad Uadiag, to St le 




304 BUBEAU OF NAYIQATION. 

mit the Umding of onr forces, and that was the troop we saw marching through the 
street. As we did not come in then they withdrew all their troops back of the hilla 
for the night, and siffned the papers to present to yon at 8 a. m. on the morning of 
the 13th| accepting all yonr demands of surrender, and to permit onr foroes to occupy 
the city. 

(3) it appears from this letter that a few hoars' more time would have 

gained additional laurels for the Navy. 

KespectfuUy, 0. F. Goodrich, 

Oaptaiuj U. 8. N. 
Secbetaby of the Kayy, Washingtony 2>. 0. 



13S89S. 

[BAport of bombardment of HuiBanillo, Oiiba» Angnat 12, ISM.] 

U. 8. S. Newark, 
Off Manganillo, Cuba, Augtui IS, 1898, 

Sir : I have the honor to submit my report of the bombardment of Manzanillo by 
the Newark : 

At 1.45 we commenced to clear ship for action and were ready at 3 p. m. The first 
and second cutters, in which were placed inflammable stores, and two whuJeboats 
were lowered and anchored. This was done to prevent possible injury to them from 
the ounonssion of the suns. At 3.30 p. m. crew was sent to general qnarters. At 
3.35 flag of tmce was hauled down and battle flags were broken at the mastheads. 
Previons to this, the officers of the gan divisions were assembled by yonr orders on 
flying bridge and the positions of the commandant's qnarters, the land batteries 
and small gunboats were pointed out and instructions given to fire at these points. 
The firing commenced at 3.35. I instructed the division officers to fire at discretion, 
keeping up a lively bombardment. This was done until about 4.15 when our fire 
was stopped, at which time the Alvarado was sent under a fiag of truce toward the 
city. The other vessels of the fleet, excepting the Ee$olute, were approaching Man- 
zanillo through the middle passage. Fire was opened upon them and upon the 
Alvarado, the latter hauling down her flag of fence and paitioipating in the engage- 
ment. 

For fifteen minutes there was a rapid exchange of shots between the ships and 
shores. We were prevented from firing at this time, as the vessels masked our line 
of fire. Upon the return of the Suwanee, Eist, Osoeota. and Alvarado to our vioinity, 
we again opened fire. Orders were now given to send half the divisions to supper. 
Firing was continued about an hour, firing at irregular intervals, averaging every 
half hour one 6-inch shell from each of the four divisions. This was continued 
until about 6.40, when an order was given to fire one 6-inch shell every half hour, 
and to continue the firing throughout the night. 

The ranges used throughout the action were from 6,000 to 6,200 yards, the greater 
range being used while under way, reducing range when we anchored, at about 
6.30 p. m. 

In regard to the working of the battery, the firing was veiy satisfactory, being 
remarkably accurate. Prooably one-fourth of the projectiles did not burst. Com- 
mon shell with base fuses were used. I have to report the following defects noticed 
in the battery, and in doing so incorporate the report of the officers of the gun 
divisions. 

• •••••• 

I respecfully report that the officers and assistants in charge of the divisions were 
sealous and efficient in the performance of their duties. 
Very respectfully , 

W. H. TURNBR, 

Lieutenant'Commander, U, 8. N,, I^ooouiive Officer. 
The CoMUANDiKQ Officer. 



135895. 

[Part takon by BetduU in action off ManBanmo* Angntt 12, 1M8.] 

XT. S. S. Besolutb, 
No. 46.] Off ManzaniUoj CubOj August 13^ 1898. 

Sm : In accordance with article No. 275, IT. 8. Navy Begulations, I 
submit herewith the report of the conduct of this ship during the action 
of August 12| 1898, off Manzanillo, Cuba. 



BUBEAU OF NAYIOATIOH. 306 

At 1 JIO p. m. deared ship for actioii. 

At 3.30 p. m., in obedienoe to signal flx>m the Newark, got nnder way 
and stood in toward the town, stopping the engines when astern of the 
Newark. 

During the earlier part of the action, although the crew were at 
qnarter&^no shells were fired from this ship. 

At 4.l0y in obedienoe to signal from the Newark, the firing from onr 
ships ceased, and as far as our observation extended no shots were fired 
from the shore batteries. 

Daring this time a white flag was visible flying from a staff on a 
large bnUding on shore. 

At 4.40 the SpMiish batteries opened again, dropping many shells 
around the Alvarado and Suwaaee. 

The Beeolaie then steamed ahead, and at 4.35 opened fire when astern 
of the Newark with the starboard guns. 

Three of the shells were noted as &Uing on shore in the town, near 
the batteries. 

Finding our shells fidling short, and having orders not to go into 
dose action (the decks being crowded with the 500 marines on dosa^), 
ceased firing at 4.46 and lay to just outside the Newark. 

Several of the enemy's shell fell between the Newark and this ship, 
but none reached the diip itself, and there are no casualties or iiyuries 
to report. 

During the action the boats of the ship were id constant readiness 
to land marines. 

I respectfully submit herewith the report of the executive officer. 

I am pleased to report that officers and men exhibited excellent spirit 
and their conduct was most satisfactory. 

Oareful observations were made of the NewarJ^s practice, and I report 
that most of her shell struck in and close to the batteries at which 
they were aimed. 

Very respectfhlly, J. 6. Eaton, 

Oemmander^ Commanding. 

Oapt O. F. OooDBiOH, 

Oamtnander U. S. S. Newark, Senior Officer PreeenL 



U. 8. 8. BssoLim, 
Of Manzanillo, C«k^ August IS, 1898. 

Sir: In eompllanee with ftrtiole 535, Regulations for the GoTemment of the Navy* 
I xeepeetfnlly sabmit the following report of the part taken by the SmoluU in the 
aotion of yesterday afternoon at this port : 

At 1.35 p. BL the IfmMtrk signaled Numeral 2, *' Clear for aotion." At this time the 
Jwsfafs was anchored in 7i fathoms of water, the east end of East Cay bearing 8. iO^ 
£., its west end 8. 99 £., and the ship's head beinir N. 87^ E. When the sigua was 
haalsd down the ship was made ready for battle, following^ as far as oonld be done 
with a Teasel of this class, the General Instrootion% 1896, of the Barean of Naviga- 
tioOf for ''Clearing ship for aotion." Particular attention was given to the battery 
of lonr 6-ponndera and three Coifs antomatio 6-millimeter rifles. The latter guns 
belong to the Marine Battalion, now on board, and were placed at the raU on each 
side c? the fore hatch. Awnings, spare sails, hammocks, and other pieces of canvas 
were disposed as shelters for the protection of guns' crews. Details lor the efficiency 
«f steerins anangements, stop Maks, and hose connections were carried out also 
with special care. 

At 8.16 we weighed anchor and took position to the northward of East Cay. 
directlT ofT the en&anee to the harbor of Mansanillo. and kept it under steam until 
the end of the action. About 4.20 a white fla^ was noisted on one of the principal 
boildings of the city, and signal to cease tiring was made by the Nmeerk. The 



306 BUREAU OF NAVIQATIOK. 

J' 
AXvaraS^i went in nnder flag of tmoe from the northward, and the 0«oeoKa, At<, and 
Ahmmm, whidi had entered the harbor from the eastward at 3.90, proceeded np the 
harbor until the leading veseel, ^uhmiiim^ was ofif the middle portion of the ci^. Fire 
was tibien opened by the shore batteries, which was retamed with great spirit by the 
above-named ships, followed by the J^tnoork and /{moZmIs. Oar starboard batterr of 
ft-ponnders only was used, the shell being directed against the more northerly bat- 
teries at a range of 4,000 yards, f^ve armor pieroing and six oommon shell 
(6-ponnders) were enended. 
There are no oasnalties or damages to report. 

Both officers and men showed a most commendable spirit and enthusiasm. 
Very respectfully, 

CnARLBS C. Rogers, 
JAfmUma%i and ifxeostive Officer. 
The GoMMAKDiMO Offiosb. 

13589S. 

[Pftrl takSB by OSifols la engsgemMit off MsubmiIIIo, August 12.] 

U. S. S. Osceola, 
OffManzanillOf Cubay August 13, 1898. 

Sir : The followiBg report of the engagement that took place yester- 
day with the enemy is respoctfally snbmitted : 

At 3.15 p. m. we got under way and stood in for ManzaniUo ihroagh 
a channel between the cays abreast of Caimanera Point. 

Firing was commenced at 3.42 p. m. by shelling the beach and known 
position of a battery on Oainamera Point at a range of 4,000 yards. 
This was done with a view of developing the enemy's strength and 
exact i>osition. No return was made to this fire. 

At 4.07 p. m. we saw a flag of truce flying from a building occupied 
by the commandant, and flring was immediately stopped. In company 
with the Sutoanee and Hist we then steamed in for the city wharves, and 
stopped in 3 &thoms of water directly in front of and within easy range 
of the city water battery. While in this position awaiting the arrival 
of the approaching AlvaradOj flying a flag of truce, and when she had 
arrived inshore of the Suwanee, we were fired upon by the city water 
battery. 

A shell passed across this vessel's stem from starboard to i>ort, tear- 
ing the lid off a box filled with 3-pounder ammunition and shattering 
the box. This fire was immediately returned by this vessel, the Suwanee. 
Hist, and Alvarado. This occurred at 4.33 p. m., and was oontinuea 
until 4.54 p. m., when we withdrew on verbal order of commanding 
officer of the Suwanee, The riflemen and battery on Oaimanera Point 
and hillside southwest of the city also opened flre. No one was hit on 
board this vessel. Ernst Boeder, seaman, had his eardrum broken 
from concussion of firing of tbe 3 pounder aft, at which he was sta- 
tioned. The officers and men did their duty well. 
Very respectftdly, 

J. L. PlTBOBLL, 

LieutetMntj U. 8. N'.y Oommanding. 
The COMMANDINO Offiobb. 

U. 8. 8. Newarky 8enior Officer Present. 



[Past tikn by B mmm mm ta enficMunt at MsnisntUo, Aiifust 19.] 

U. S. 8. SUWANBB, 

Off Manzanillo, Ouba« August 19, 1898. 

8iB: In obedience to your verbal instructions of this date concern- 
ing the bombardment of the batteries at Manzanillo, I got tMs ship 
under way on signal at 3.15 p. m., and proceeded, in company with the 



BURXAU OF HAYIOATIOH. 807 

(heeoU and ffUi, to take designated position. I passed thioogh the 
ohannel between the kevs. the O^eeola leading, to pilot us throngh. 

At 3^, haying passed through this channel, we opened Are at a range 
of 4,500 yards. This ship at onoe took the lead, going at ftiU speed, hoMl- 
ing for uie batteries, keeping up oontinnoos flie at decreasing ranges, 
antU we were within 2,500 yardiB of the battery on the hill sonth of the 
blockhonse, ontil 4J.0, when signal was made from the Ifewari to oease 
firing. 

We then steamed in dose abreast the batteries and stopped within 
1,000 yards of the shore battery. The 0$eeola was lying at least 300 
yards ontside of us and on onr port quarter; the Hist abont 800 yards 
outside of as and abaft our port beam. We were heading about 
northeast. 

While lying in these positions we observed the Alvarado steaming 
in flying a flag of trace. When she arrived close alongside of us the 
shore battery opened fire, their shells striking close aboard. 

We all immediately returned this fire, and a spirited fire was main- 
tained on both sides until 4.50, when we withdrew. 

Daring this engagement a sharp fire was also kept up by the txoops 
on shore, the shots &lling close, over and alongside, three Mauser bullets 
passing through our oolors. 

For fifteen minates the ship was under a heavy fire close to the bat- 
teries, where we had drifted in and gotten aground ; but as the bottom 
was soft I was enabled to get her off by going full speed ahead on the 
starboard engine and backing on the port. 

During the entire engagement the officers and men behaved admira- 
bly, firing with coolness and predsion. 

We fired the following number of projectiles : Eighteen 4-inch shell ; 
one hundred and thirty-two rounds, 6-pounders; six rounds of 6-milli- 
meter. Three of the 4-inch base fbse exploded prematurely. 

I herewith indose the report of the executive officer, Lieutenant 
Stone. 

Very respeotfiillyj D. Dblbhanty, 

LimUeiumt'Oommaif%dery U. 8. ilT., Ow»mandimg» 

Oapt. O. F. OooDBiCH, U. 8. K., 

0Miiiiiiiu2iti^ U. B. Naval Faroe^ offManzanillOy Cuba. 



[Stportof tettle off Hanunfflo, Aagiut U, U88.] 

IT. S. 8. Hist, 
Manzanillo, Ouba^ Auguit 13j 1898. 

Bib : I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken 
by this vessel in the attack of yesterday upon the fortifications of 
Manzanillo: 

The vessel, after piloting the squadron to off the northern entrance 
to the harbor, proceeded at full speed to Oaldto, about 6 miles south 
of Manzanillo, in order to communicate with the Ouban forces at that 
place, consisting of a squadron of cavalry. Lieut. Ool. Bodrigues de 
Boooaras was brought on board and given information of our arrivid 
and intentions. He was instructed to at once convey such knowledge 
to Gtanerals Babi and Bios, the two Cuban generals encamped with about 
500 troops at Blenquizal, and to farther instruct them that should they 
hear our guns they were to at onoe assault the Spanish forces firom the 
rear. This errand having been accomplished, the vessel returned to 
anohmage near the Suwaneef off the northern cay of the harbor. 



808 BUBEAU OF NAYIOATIOir. 

Cleared ship for action at 1.35 p. m., in accordance with general 
signal, and was later on informed by the commanding officer of the 
Suwanee of yoor plans of action, and for me to follow in his wake and 
his movements, the Osceola to lead. At 3.20 got under way and went 
to general quarters. We entered the harbor by the western entrance, 
between the keys, and when clear fired one shot, for range, at the fort 
on the end of Caimanera wharf^ but it fell te^ short. 

Turning with the starboard helm, and still following the Suf/oaneey I 
brought the fort within range and opened Are with the bow 3-pounder 
and starboard 6-pounder, and continued to fire upon that jPort, the 
blockhouse to the rear, and fort on the hill until the signal was made 
to cease firing, at 4.17. Shortiy after the Newark opened fire 1 saw a 
gun open firom the fort on the crest of the hill and also one flx>m the 
Saragossa Battery, but did not see their &U ; hence was unable to judge 
of the direction of their fire. From where we were the shots from the 
Newark could be well marked, and they were doing fine work. Off the 
end of Oaimenara wharf and in mid-channel this vessel ran so close to a 
triangular wooden buoy anchored with a large rope that the helm had 
to be quickly put over to throw the stem clear. Olose to and farther 
on were three more buoys exactly similar, and I was unable to make 
out whetiier they were for range flags or torpedoes; more likely the 
latter, from their appearance. 

After the vessels had ceased firing and all appeared quiet on shore, 
the white flag in front of the barracks on the hill, troops moving about 
the streets, and the Alvarado approaching the city flying the white 
flag, we were suddenly fired upon from a sand battery near the center 
of the town at a range certainly not in excess of 400 yards. Three 
shots were flred^ apparently one at each of our three vessels, and the 
one aimed at this vessel passed over the deck house. I immediately 
l^ave orders to open Are with the entire battery at the fort and build- 
ings to the rear. In a few seconds the fight became general, all the 
forts, fidd batteries, and troops keeping up a continuous fusilade, which 
was returned by this vessel, first by the starboard battery and then 
winded and with the port and again with the starboard battery, until 
5 p. m., when the three vessels steamed out and came to anchor, as per 
signal, close to the Newark, at the northern entrance. Although many 
shots came dangerously close to this vessel, especially those from a 
field gun on the end of Oaimenara wharf, not one struck the vessel, and 
tiliere were no casualties. 

During the action the working of the battery was extremely unsatis- 
factory. In the first place, the two after 3pounders were out of com- 
mission, owing to the securing bolts having been sent to Ouantanamo 
for repairs about one week before and had not been returned. The firing 
spring of the forward Spounder Hotchkiss would lose its tension after 
about three shots, and necessitated a cessation of fire ftt>m that gun 
while it was being taken out and spread — a serious fault I have expe- 
rienced with this gun in every action so far. The automatic Oolt Jammed 
twice. All four Maxims failed to function after the first or fourth round, 
due to insufficient play of the lever, made so by strain or some unknown 
cause that weakened the mechanism. They could not at the time be 
made to work either automatically or single. The main work was 
X)erformed by the two 6-pounder Driggs-Bhroeder, which gave entire 
satisfaction. 

The number of shots fired during the engagement were deliberate, 
with care and precision, and consisted of thirty-two 3-pounder common 
shell, forty-seven 6-pounder armor-piercing, and four 37-inillimeter com- 
mon shell, and ninety 6-inilluneter cartridges fi^m the automatic Oolt. 




BntlAO or KATtOATIOll. 



The olBoan aitd cre« acted iu a most eotbiwiiwtio and oomnMadabte 

The exModve offlcer, Lieut, (Janior pwie) 0. W, BaxeltJae, 

3 AisL BcKineer E. S. Ketlojfic reiiilenxl miim^IuI a<w[»tanrc the Brut 

I in tlta naeral working* of the veaHel aiul the Ualtery and (he latter in 

f adniraole handling of Uie engioea while winitiug ship twice onder a 

galling Ore. 

In vonclafuOD, I confoutalate yoa hiwd harjnf; foncbt the laat fight 
aod firad tfai; laat gno, I hope, of thio war, and for the mitgiuflcent work 
ptrUwmeA by all tiie veuela niidM ;oar oommaod against each a snpe- 
ior tana, it ia with great pteaaore I waa enabled to be with yoa u|K)ii 
luia ocvaMon. 

I am, raHpectfoUy, Looikh Youho, 

XimlmCMl, 17. & X^ OmaMiiwIin?. 
Oapt 0. P. OoODBicn, D. 8. >*., 

OmmmoHding V.a.8. Heirark, amd Smtwr Ojfletr PrmmL 



U. S. B. Alvabado, 
OffManttmiUo, (Mit, A^gtut IS, 1898. 
I have the honor to aabmlt the foliowlng report ou the part this 
took to the bombardment of Haaeaiiillo by the Toeaela uuderyour 
iDd Friday the I2tli Instant. 
Soon aftor the Kfwtrk eonmeaoed ftiing, at 3^i p. m,, we bivan with 
the 6-poander al its extreme range of &,0(W meters. Hie flrat few ofaota 
foiling ahortf we atoud In nearer and succeeded in laniUng a few aliells 
on abtun. At this tine we were recalled to Uie \nrark and recelred 
order* fhuD you to gu in to the city ander a flag of trofe in order to 
aseertaln if Che enany wlabed to eoaimnnieato, sometbinic rcoeaibliug 
a flag of Imce bartng been seen on shore. 

Aboat 4.10 p. m., while steaming tn toward tlim «ity nndn flag of 
tnee, we were flre<l a|Kin by the water battery, aUiul .SOU yards away. 
Ae crew of the AimraJo was immediately called to quarters, the 
aaglBea alMpped, and the helm put bard aatarboard. Tbe Aug of tmoe 
WM then hauled down, and we began llrlug at a range of MW yards. 
Aaaoany kept up a briak Huiall arm Brefor a few uiunteH, outil they 
adrlvaa Ikvm tb« ritle pitM by tlteflreof ourahips, the Suwamem, tbe 
tatm, and the Hut, having opejied a viganniB flr« immedlnli-ty after 
we had been flrt^ on. Tbe artillery tn tbe water battery did not Ore 
more than Ibrve •huta. One gan moauted on a hill and soother to the 
•uothward of Lbe rity, alH>at 2,(>U0 yards away, kept ap a s|)lrite)l tire 
dnrlng the entire action. 

na awmnnltitm we used was foaud on the Attarad^ wben nbe waa 
iomndend. On aceeautof thei>oi>rijaality of tbisammnnitioo It was 
dificalt ta keep up an effectivi: lire. Muij- cartridgi« bung Ore and 
many teiled to fire at all. The imTbaiitsm of tbe automntlL' l-ponnder 
got Mtt of order afler five sbota were flrrd, and was not In ntndltlOB 
again until after the action. 
The ship waa not hit, and thi^re were tm rasiiall>e« on boiird. 
I initloae herewith the report of Naval Uadet J. A. Hand, tbe exaes- 
I Uvauanr.' 

Vary reapectfully, Viorott Uli-b, 

lAtuUtuiml, U. A Jir.. Onnnwiadtaf. 
OapLC. F. tiooDurB. V. S. N.. 

tdimg V. H. 8. Kttcark, tknior OffliMr yVcMMl. 



310 BUBEAU OF NAYIOATION. 

133914. 

[Beport of Mtion with two Spanish ganboat* off CAibwien.] 

U. S. S. Mangbovs, 
Making passage to Key West, August 15 j 1898* 

Sib : I have the honor to submit to the commander in chief the fol- 
lowing report of an action in which the Mangrove was engaged with 
two Spanish gunboats on the morning of the 1.4th instant, off the har- 
bor of Caibarien, north coast of Cuba. 

I arrived off Cayo Frances, north coast of Ouba, at aboat 7 p. m., on 
the 12th instant, with instructions from the Oommodore commanding 
naval base, a copy of which I have appended and marked A. I found 
no sign of the expedition at Cayo Frances, and as it was not advisable 
to proceed further that night I anchored inside the cayo; we got under 
way again at 8.15 a. m., on the 13th, and after going 5 miles to the 
eastward I found the Dellie anchored inside one of Santa Maria Cayo; 
she came outside and the commanding officer of the party came aboard 
the Mangrove at my request; he informed me that Colonel Bosa had 
landed his party from the Adams the day before and had gone inland. 
The party from the Dellie were to land next a. m., and I told their com- 
manding -officer that I would remain inside Cayo Frances until noon 
the next day and prevent the Spanish gunboats at Caibarien from 
interfering with them. 

I made an attempt to get up to Caibarien on the afternoon of the 
13th, but the tide was not favorable, so I returned to my anchorage 
inside Cayo Frances. At sundown on the 13th I discovered one of the 
gunboats at Caibarien under way, up near the harbor. At 8.15 a. m. 
op the 14th, I got under way again and proceeded to Caibarien. I had 
no chart of the locality and was obliged to go ve^ slowly and feel my 
way careftilly with the lead. We arrived at a point about 2^ miles east 
of the harbor at 10.55 and found a large Spanish gunboat (probably the 
Herndn OortA) moored close inshore to the northward of the harbor. 
She had a spring out from her stem so that her port broadside was 
presented to us. We opened fire with the port 6- pounder, and the fire 
was promptly returned by the gunboat. At 11.10 we got within range 
and stood to northward and westward for twenty minutes, keeping up 
a steady fire with the port gun during this time. I then turned the 
ship and stood to the southward and eastward and fired with the star- 
board gun, and kept up this firing until 11.45; the firing from the enemy 
was steady and continuous. I found that he could reach and fire over 
us with his 4.7 inch guns, so at 11.45 I thought it well to move out far- 
ther fix>m the shore in hopes that the gunboat would get under way and 
come out to us where I could continue the action with him on more even 
terms. When I moved out he ceased firing; the small gunboat kept 
up her fire until 12.30. At 1.45 the small gunboat started out from 
shore with a flag of truce flying. I, also, then hoisted a flag of truce; 
she arrived near us at 2.10 p. m. A smiul boat came alongside bring- 
ing a naval officer, an army officer, and a civilian to act as interpreter. 
The naval officer informed me that peace had been proclaimed between 
the United States and Spain, and that his captain had just received a 
telegram from the commander in chief of the army corps directing him 
to cease the action. He presented to me a Spanish letter from his com- 
manding officer, a copy of which (with translation) I inclose and mark 
B. This party remained on board the Mangrove about twenty minutes 
and then returned to the gunboat. About an hour later another smidl 
gunboat came out and an army officer came aboard. He said he had 



BUREAU OP NAVIOATIOll Sll 

been sent by his oommanding officer to find ont the name and rank of 
the American officer commanding the troops on shore in that province. 
I informed him that I conld not give him the desired inf<mnation| and 
he then retnmed to his ship. 

In moving ont from the harbor of Gaibarien (after firing had ceased) 
the Mangrove got agronnd in 7 feet of water, and we were engaged nutil 
6.10 p. m. in getting her afloat. It was too late to attempt ^e passage 
out tiiat night, so I remained at anchor at a point northeast by east from 
the harbor entrance, and distant abont 4 miles. At early daylight to- 
day I sent a boat oat to pick np two anchors which I had used yester- 
day in hauling the ship off. We got the anchors on board and were 
under way at 7 a. m. to-day, and oatside Cayo Frances about 10.45 a. m« 

I beg to state to the commander in chief tiiat the officers and men of 
the Mangrove behaved well while nnder this hot fire of gunboats; and 
I wish to speciaUy commend Ensign O. A. Brand for his tireless energy 
in handling the crew and serving the battery; Ensign John H. Dayton 
for his excellent piloting of the ship and for the good shooting he di4 
with the 6 pounders. Mate John Peterson proved himself to be the best 
man in the Mangrav€^$ old light-house crew, and he did valuable service 
in laying out anchors and doing boat work at a time when it was par- 
ticularly dangeroua. The other mate, PhiL L. Uosgrove, and the crew 
did their work promptly and fearlessly. 

I would have been pleased if the gunboat had elected to come out 
and fight us under way, when the chances would have been good for 
a foir fight. I understand she is armed with two 4.7-inch rifles besides 
three small guns, while we had to do all our work with one 6 pounder, 
as we could not bring them both to bear at the same time. Our 1 
pounder was of no service, as it woidd not carry tea enough. 

At 6.05 this afternoon we passed the Spanish gunboat Infanta Isa- 
bella off Sagua la Orande. I passed close to her and she hoisted a flag 
of tmee at her foremast head, then made an international signal| which 
stated, '^ Peace has been proclaimed." 

We expended during the action one hundred and three 6-pounder 
armor-piercing shell and three 1-pounder armor-piercing shell. There 
were no casualties on board the Mangrove. 

In compliance with paragraph 437, Navy Begulations, I inclose a 
report of the executive officer, Ensign 0. A. Brand. 
Very respectftilly, 

Danl. D. V. Stuart, 
Lieutenant' Commander^ Commanding. 

The Commander in Chief, 

Iforth Atlantic Station, 



A. 

Natal Basb, Kbt Wbst, 
U, 8. FUig9kip Lanoatier, August 8, 1898, 

Sir: Prepare the Teeeel yon command for eea, and if readv proceed with her to- 
morrow to Cayo Frances, Cuba. If yon see no signs there of a Cnban expedition, 
Qoder tlie lead of Colonel Bosa, embarked in two schooners, the Dellie and the Ellen 
F, Adanu, proceed to Santa Maria Cay, 10 miles to the eastward of Cay Frances. 

Should yon there see no si^s of this expedition, it is presumed that the expedition 

has snceeeded, and yon will immediately proceed to yonr regular blockading station. 

if, howoTer, yon fall in with this ezpeaitioii, and they are in need of assistance. 

you will staT by them for a day, rendering such aid as may be practicable. You will 

then proceed to your regular blockading station. 

Very respectfully, Gbo. C. Ekmby, 

Cemmodare, CommawUmg, 
The CoMifAirDiHO Offickr, 

U,8,S. Mmm§ra9§, Keg iFwt, Flo. 



312 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

B. 

[TraasUtion.] 

COMANDANCIA DB ARMAS DS CaTBARIICN. 

Tk€ Kav€d C<mmander at CMarim to the ComnMtnding OffMr of ike United 8iaie$ nuw- 
of'War off ikU pari: 

His exoellenoy the commander in ohief of this anny corps telegraphs me to-day 
as followB : 

The minister of war, in a telegram of last night, says: ''The preliminary proto- 
col of the peace negotiations between the Government of Spaiii and the United 
States is signed, in consequence of which a suspension of hostilities has been agreed 
to for the land and sea forces, and orders to that effect hare already bean transmitted 
to those of the United States. 

" Yonr excellency will order immediately the necessary arrangements to comply 
with such suspension by the forces of the Army and Nary under your oontrol, ana 
in anticipation of the insurgents not respecting the suspension, to make an airange- 
ment with the chiefs of the American forces for aotion in such case." • • • 

I send this to you for your information and in oompliance with orders from my 

""P*"®'- N. GOMSALTO, 

Caibarixn, Auguii 14, 1898. El Comamdwaie Mmr. 



U. S. S. Manorovx, 

At Sea, Auguei 16, 1898. 

Sir : I have the honor to submit the following report of the engagement of the 
14th instant, in obedience to paragraph 525, United States Navy Regulations. 

On approaching the town oi Cai barien, all preparations for going mto aetion being 
complete, a Spanish gunboat^ probably the neman Cortee, was made out anchored 
off tne town, with her broadside bearing on the entrance to the harbor. 

At 10.56 a. m. we opened a slow fire with the port 6-pounder, to get the range, 
while standing in toward the town on a southwesterly course. The first shot was 
instantly answered by the Spanish gunboat with her entire port battery, but all 
shots fell short, our own as well as theirs. A slow fire from the port 6-pounder was 
kept up for about five minutes and then the starboard 6-pounder was used until 
11.10. It was impossible to bring both guns to bear at once. 

At 11. 10, having come within range and the ship being headed to the northward 
and westward, at right angles with the line of fire, the port gun was used. At 11 .12 
a small g[unboat alongside the city wharves opened fire, although out of ran^. 
About this time we fired one shot at her, but it fell short, and we resumed the tire 
on the larger gunboat. At 11.25, having turned to stand to southward and eastward, 
we shifteu to the starboard 6-pounder. At 11.27 we fired one shot with the 1-pounder 
at maximum range, but it fell short, so no more shots were fired from this gun daring 
the action. 

At 11.45 we ceased firing and stood out to the northward and eastward a short dis- 
tance. The large gunboat ceased firing at once, but the small one at the wharf kept 
up an irregular fire until 12.30 p. m. 

We were in range of the large guns from 11.10 until 11.50, but were not hit, although 
many shots passed near us. 

The battervof this vessel worked perfectly, without the slightest delay or accident, 
except that the 6-pounder sights repeatedly Jarred down and required constant watch- 
ing. We expended one hundred and three 6-pounder armor-pieroing shells and one 
1-pounder armor-piarcing shell. 

The behavior ox the officers and crew while under fire was exceUent, and I wish to 
particularly commend Mate John Peterson for coolness and energy. 

Very respectfully, ^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^j ^^ ^ 

Lieut. Commander D. D. V. Stuart, U. S. N., 

Commanding Mangrove, 



138970. 

(Ckmdltton of affairs at Olbara.] 

IT. S. S. Nashyillb, 3d Batb, 

Oibara, Cuba, August 31, 1898. 

Bib: T have the honor to submit thefollowlDg report on the condition 
of affairs here since the date of my last report of August 19, 1898. 

The U. 8. 8. Supply sailed for Key West at 6 p. m. on the 19th instant, 
and the Spanish cruiser Infanta Isabel for Havana at 11 p. m. of the 
same date. 



BUKEAU OF NAVIOATION. 813 

The BritiBh steamer Ardtmmokrj from New York, cleared for Gibara, 
retamed here firom Santiago de Gaba about 5 p. m. Angnst 19. 

Having no orders or uwtractions, and finding the sitoation being 
somewhat eomplicated firom the fact that the Spanish general at 
Holgnin refhsed to treat with the Guban anthoritiee, and that one 
foreign vessel had already come to the port, I decided to raise the 
United States flag on a small fbrt at the entrance of the harbor and 
oyer the cnstom-honse, in order that there might be no misnnderstand- 
ing as to the &ct that this port is nnder the control of the United 
States. After oommonicating my intentions to General Garcia, who 
entirely agreed with me as to the necessity for snch action, this was 
done on the 20th instant. 

I also directed Assistant Paymaster T. S. CLeary, U. S. K, of this 
vessel to assume, temporarily, the duties of the collector of customs 
for the port until instructions should be received firom higher authority, 
he being a bonded officer of the Government. The fiinetions of collector 
of customs and of tax collector are exercised here by the same officiaL 
I directed Paymaster O'Leary to exercise only those of collector of cus- 
toms and to have nothing to do with those of tax collector, which are 
eft to the collector appointed by the Guban auttiorities when they first 
took possession of the town, as reported in my report dated August 9, 
1898. A copy of my order to Paymaster O'Leaiy is inclosed ; also copies 
of letters written to Generals Luque and Garcia, relative to the Presi- 
dent's proclamation in regard to the suspension of hostilities, and of 
General Garcia's reply to my letter. 

A small schooner, flying the Haitian flag, was towed here by the 
Infania Isabel when she arrived here on the 17th instant. Hie captain 
of the cruiser informed me that he had found her at sea, about 20 miles 
west of this place, making bad weather of it in a squall, and that he 
had therefore given her a tow. On subsequent investigation I fouud 
that the schooner had a Haitian register, had been properly cleared 
firom Baraooa, Ouba, and that she had on board a small quantity of 
provisions; these had been transferred to the Infanta Isabel previous 
to her arrival at this place. The man in charge of the schoonet, a 
Spainard, acknowledged that he had been engaged in running the 
blockade during the war, but that on bearing of the suspension of 
hostilities at Baraooa, where he landed a part of his cargo of pro 
visions, he had come here, thinking this place to be in possession of the 
Spainards. Fearing that they would be seized by the Cubans if he 
brought them in he had transferred them to the Spanish cruiser. 

Gkmeral Luque's chief of staff informed me that the Spanish troops 
are badly in need of provisions, and asked (after he had visited the 
Infanta liobel) permission for that vessel to land some provisions and 
to have them forwarded to General Luque at Holguin, to which I 
assented, supposing the provisions mentioned to belong to the stores 
of the Infanta Is^el. The following morning the Haitian schooner 
went alongside the Spanish cruiser, and on investigation 1 elicited the 
foregoing fiacts. 

Although the proceeding of the schooner and cruiser were irregular 
and there was an attempt at concealment and deceit, 1 have decided to 
allow the provisions to be passed through to General Luque for the 
following reasons: The Spanish troops are much in need of provisions, 
the quantity in the schooner is not large, and 1 have assured myself by 
a thorough examination that she has provisions only and of the kinds 
mentioned. 

As ninety-tiiree of the Spanish soldiers who were in the Bed Gross 
hospital here were pronounced fit for duty by the surgeon in charge. 



314 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

and as the hospital was much crowded, I arranged with General Laqae's 
chief of staff to send them to Uolgain on the 20th instant. I thought 
it nnwise to have them adrift in the town, as they woold have been a 
disturbing element. There have been a few new cases of 8maUi>ox at 
the hospital, bat no additional cases of yellow fever. 

In the fignt which took place between the Spanish and Oaban forces 
on the 16th instant near Auras, 12 miles from Oibara, 8 Onbans were 
killed and 12 wounded. The Oubans report having found on the field 
30 dead Spanish soldiers. The Spanish officers report that General 
Luque would have attempted to retake Gibara had not the information 
regarding the suspension of hostilities been received. 

G^nerid Garcia informed me yesterday that he had resigned his com- 
mand of the Division of the Orient only, but that he is still second in 
command of all the Cuban forces under General Gomez, the commander 
in chief. 

I send this to Guantanamo, Ouba, by the U. S. S. Ka/natoha^ which 
arrived from Key West this morning. 

Very respectfully, W. Matnabd, 

OommandeTy U. 8. N.^ Oommanding. 

The OOMMANDBB IN Ohibf U. S. Naval Fobces, 

North Atlantic Station. 



U. S. S. Nashville, 
Oibara^ Cuba^ August 18y 1898. 

Genebal: I have the honor to inclose herewith for your information 
a copy of the proclamation issued by the President of the United States 
declaring a complete susi>enHion of hostilittes, in accordance with the 
protocol concluded and signed August 12, 1898. 

I beg you, therefore, to withdraw your troops from the near neigh- 
borhoM of the Spanish lines around Holguin, in order that they may 
not serve as an excuse for disturbances. 

If in any way I can be help ftil to you and the men whom you command 
I beg you will let me know. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

W. Matnabd, 
Commander^ JJ. 8. N.j Commanding. 
Gen. Oalixto Gaboia, 

Commanding Cuban Forces in the Orient. 



GiBABA, August 18j 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your commnni* 
cation of to-day, with a copy of the proclamation issued by the Pres- 
ident of the United States declaring suspension of hostilities in 
accordance with the protocol conduded and signed August 12, 1898. 

I have already given the necessary orders toward withdrawing my 
troops from the near neighborhood of the Spanish lines, and I beg to 
inform you that there will be no occasion for any disturbance what- 
soever. 

I grateftilly thank you for your offer to help us in any way, and in 
case that we should need your valuable aid I shall readily notify yoo. 
I am, sir, yours, very truly, 

Oalixto Gaboia, 
Major- Oeneralj Commanding the Sastem DepartmmU. 

W. Maynabd, 

Commanding U. 8. 8. Nashville. 



BUREAU OF NAYIQATION. 315 

U. S. S. Nashville, 3d Rate, 

Oiharoj Onbaj Auguit 18j 1898. 

Bib: I have the honor to inform yoa that I have receiyed official 
notification of the prodamatioQ on the part of the United States of a 
sospension of hostilities between the United States and Spain. 

A copy of the proclamation of the President of the United States 
to this effect is herewith forwarded for your information. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt, throngh your chief of 
staff, of the information that yon have been notified by yonr Govern- 
ment of the suspension of hostilities. The suspension of hostilities 
will be strictly observed by the forces of the United States. 

It is desired that you wUl keep yonr forces entirely within the lines 
oecnpied by them on this date. Any nnaathorized movement of your 
men outside of such territory until further instructions are received 
from onr respective Governments will be regarded as a violation of 
the armistice. 

I shall be pleased to extend to you any facilities for communicating 
with your Gtovemroent within my x>ower and to be of any service to 
you when practicable. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. Matnabb, 
dm^manderf U. 8. N.^ Commanding U, 8. 8. NashviUej 

and 8eniar Officer Present at Oibara^ 

Oen. AuousTiK Luqub, 

dnnmanding Sjpaniih Forces near Holguinj Cuba. 



U. S. S. Nashville, 3d batb, 

Gibaraj Cuba^ August 20y 1898. 

BiB: Until fhrther orders you wiU assume, temporarily, the duties of 
the ooUector of customs for the port of Gibara, Ouba, in so Ikr as to en tor 
and dear foreign vessels and to collect duties on the cargoes landed 
flrom them. 

In collecting duties you will take as a basis the rates fixed by the 
United Stotes Treasury Department, as published in the Washington, 
D. O., Evening Star of August 12, 1898, and take custody of and 
account for aU moneys received in payment for customs duties. 

Ton are authorized to employ such deputies, clerks, and other assist- 
ants as you may deem necessary, from the force which you may find 
already in the customhouse, the question of their comi>ensation to be 
decidei hereafter by the proper authorities of the United States 
Government 

Respectfully, W. Matnabd, 

Commander^ U. 8. N.j Commanding. 

TmoTHY S. O'Lbary, U. 8. N., 

Assistant Paymaster. 



Key West, Fi.a., August Uy 1898. 
Bkobbtaby Nayy, Washington^ D. C: 

North coast blockade withdrawn in obedience to orders, and ships 
ordered to Key West. I have not withdrawn NashviUe from Gibara. 
Is it Department's desire that ship should remain there! 

Howell. 



316 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 



LUt of prism captmnd h% 9099eh 

NoTK. — The following IIbU are made up almost entirely from data fhrnished b> 
The final disposition of the yesseU is correct only in so far as it was known to that 
manding officer concerned. 



Yeitels olAim- 
pme monqy. 


Name of ililp 
eaptnrod. 


Nation- 
ality. 


Displace- 
ment. 


Cargo. 


Armed 
or not. 


Cleared from 
what port. 


Kew York 


BnenA Yentnn ... 


Spanish . 




General 

do 


Not.... 
....do .. 


Pasoagorela .. 

HaTana 

New York.... 

Buenos Ayres. 

do........ 










• • ■ • do • • • • 




« ■ • • • do ••■••••• 


Armed. 
Not.... 
... (do . • 




LoroMo 






Dry beef 

Jerked beef 
andgariio. 




Csrloo F. RoMS. . . 

▲Imirante 

Oqnendo. 
Infftntft Harift 

Teresa. 
VieoAYS 


do .... 










Armed. 






... .do • . . • 






















Crlstobsl Colon ... 
Pluion 


• • • . do .... 






.... do . . 






... .do . . .. 












Furor 


... .do .... 










Blooklyii 


Almirftnte 

Oqaendo. 
Infanta liaria 

Tereaa. 
Visoaya 


... .do .... 






















... .do .... 












CrietotMd Colon ... 
Plnton 








... .do . . 






....do .... 






... .do • . 






Furor ............. 








....do .. 






AWarado. ...■•.... 


... .do . . . • 






.... do . . 






Beina de loa An* 

gelea. 
Tomas Brooke .... 


... .do . ... 






Not .... 












... .do . . 






Mexico............ 








....do .. 






San Jnan 








. ..do .. 






Mortero 








... .do • . 




XBdiaaa 


Buena Ventura. ... 


• ■ • aUO ■ • • ■ 


Not known 

• • • • • do • • • r 


Miied 


... .do • . 


Pascagorel*... 

NewYork.... 

Buenos Ayres. 
.....do ........I 

Santiago...... 

doT 




Pf^nmna .. T ....... . 


• ••.do .... 


do 


Armed. 

Not.... 

... .do . . 




Fraequlta 


• • • . do • • • • 


• • • • « do • • • • 


Dry beef 

.....do 




Ijorenio .......... . 








ICariaTereea 


. . . .do .... 


6.890 
6.800 
6,840 
6,890 
400 
400 
4,000 


None 


Armed. 

.... do . . 




Oquendo 




do 




Criatobal Colon ... 
▼iecaya 


• • • • fXO • • • • 

• • • ado • ■ ■ • 


do 


... -do . . 


do 




do 


.... no . . 


do 




Fnror 




do 


... .do . . 


do 




Plnton 


• • • -do • • • • 


do 


... .do . . 


do 




Beina Mercedes... 
Beina de los An- 
geles. 

TomAii Rrooks . . . - 


— do ...» 


do 


....do .. 


do 






Not 


do 




.... do .... 






■ • • ado « • 


do 




Hfin Juan 








....do .. 


do 




Mortem 


• • • • do • • • • 






... .do . . 


— do 

do 




Mezioo 


■ • > . nO a > A a 






... .do . . 




Alvnrado 


• «• .do •••• 


100 
6,890 
6,890 
6,840 
6,890 
400 
400 
6,890 

6.890 
6,890 

6,840 
870 
870 

6,890 

6,890 
6.890 

6,840 
870 
870 

8,090 


None 


Armed. 
....do .. 


do 

do 


lows.... 


Maria Teresa 




do 




Oquendo 


• •••do ...• 


do 


..'..do .. 


do 




CnstolMd Colon. . . . 


• • • ado • • » • 


do 


....do .. 


do 




Yiscaya..... 




do 


... .do . . 


do 




■ "^ ^^* ............ 

Furor 




do 


.... do . . 


do 




Plnton 


• • * ado • • • • 


do 


.... do . . 


do 


Ongon ........ 


Infanta Maria 

Teresa. 
▼Isoaya 


• •••do •••• 




.... do . • 












Almirante 

Oquendo. 
Cristobal Colon. . . . 


• • • ■ CIO • « • • 




... .do . . 








... .do . . 






Pluton 






.... do . . 






Furor 


• * • sdO • • • ■ 




... .do . . 




TexM 


Infanta Maria 

Teresa. 
Visoaya 


• •••do •••• 




... .do . . 














Almirante 

Oquendo. 
Cristobal Colon ... 
Pluton 


• •••do •••« 

• •••do •••• 


























Furor.... 


• • • • do ■ • ■ ■ 




.AM .OO . . 






Beina Meroedes... 
Ambrosio BoUvar. 

Onftdo... 


• • • aUO • • • • 








ToiTor... 


Bananas; 
money. 

MisoellaneoQB, 
canned gooda, 
etc., general 
oargo. 


Not .... 
Not. • • ■ 


Oibara 

LlTorpool, 
Bnglaad. 

















.■•• ti • r 




^ « 





T.I 






^*A 



4 



'>M»Aaw>«>^ 






t ^m^m^^^ 







N^«**«^< 



r- \ -^ 



*• »»» .■■■«■■■ 



4 



a^ 




.A ..••«. 






.dff 



Ji* 

Of 

Jtr 









i9ur * 

. *i*t 

»««... d< -— *• 
df 

.•_-.* 

dr .... 






'^'V»M%»*<^»>^.»*giH.. *%^^-n n%^ 



1^ 



w-^-^ m «• «'««« • «* 






..Ad 
..do 




dr.^ 

,^. dr 

Ja^ t M» ^ I^nmOvm) 



a* . 









^^»^^^^^ ^^«^%^%^%^X< 



b%^ ^^%^%%%%%^% V^ 



oUicrCiibfta 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 



••«.do 
....do 



.....do 

.. .do , 

....do I 

July 4,1W«' 

4pr. S^ I8M K«y Wimt 






Apr. I7,18M 



Koy WmI 



OmmImnmviI 



(HniiMMiiMA 



llHMOM 



318 



BUREAU OF NAVIOATION. 



LUt o/priMe$ captured ^ vmmXs 



Ing share In 



Name of ship 
eaptnred. 



HatioB- 

aUtj. 



Diaplaea- 
ment. 



Car|[o. 



Amed 
or not. 



Clearad 
what pork 



VowOilMna. 



MarhlohMd ... 

jfootcomory ■. 
Detroit 



Wilmington.. 



Helonn 



VaehTfllo. 



OMttM. 



DolphiB .... 

AnnapoUafr. 
Tlokainirg.. 



dfaida Bodrigooo 



Cuban... 



Tnnoh 



SmaUi 



Vlrowood 



1,700 



Mleoellaneoaa 
West Indian 
prodneta. 



ITot. . . < 



....do .. 



Pnerta Plata, 
8.D. 



Adnla 



Bpanish 
Britiah. 



Gonoral. 

KOBO... 



.do .. 
.do.. 



Batahano. 
Klngaton . 



Lorenio.. 

inito, 



Frasqaiti 
CataUnn. 

Gandito 
Sol 



Bpaniah 
. . . .do . . . 
....do... 



Don Franoiaoo 

OandoD. 
Anita 



MiguolJoTer 



Qnatro do Botiem* 

bre. 
Monatis 



.do .... 
.do . . ■ . 

■do . . . . 
•do .... 
.do.... 
.do.... 
.do.... 



100 
100 

60 



Baof 

.....do .. ...... 

Cotton, atayea, 

and provi- 

alona. 
Charcoal 



.do .. 
.do., 
.do .. 



LaPlata..... 

do 

New Orleana. 



Molaaaea 



.do .. 
.do. 



Sag aa 
Grande. 
.....do.... 



U 



FUh.. 
do 



Cotton 
atayea. 
Hah 



None 



...do 
...do 
....do 
...do 
...do 



Tncatnn 

.....do 

Kow Orleana. 

Hayana 

CaaUda 



BnenaVentara. 
Argonaata 



•do .... 
.do .... 



1,160 



Gibara , 

Bxpreaode Oibara. 



....do 
. . . .do 



Paqnet to 

AlfonaoZn... 
Baena Yentara. 
TreaHermanoa. 

A. BoUyar 

Onido 



Lola. 



Orionte. 



Fomandito. 
Amapala... 



Kipos.... 
Camlatae. 



Prindpos... 
Joaephine«.. 
Joee Pilar! 0. 
Lalnlnlas... 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 

.do 



5.008 



n 



Spaniah. 



. • . .do • • . • 
Hondnxaa 



Spaniah. 
....do ... 



46 

160 



.do 

.do 
.do 
.do 

.do 



10 

10 





Lnmber 

Geoeral, and 



Kot.. 
....do 



Paacagonla . . 

lO.... 



Firewood, 
do... 



Llyo dab. 



.do 
.do 

.do 



Hayana. 



Bananas... 
Proyiaiona. 



Not.. 
...do 
....do 
...do 
...do 



Oibara... 
Cornnna. 



Fiah and salt 



....do .. 



Hayana. 



Fiah 



Slot. ... 



do 

Pasaengera. 
No cargo ex* 
oept proyi- 
aiona. 

None 



...do.. 
. ■ . .do . . 



Golf of Cam- 
peche. 

.....do 

Hayann 



Wood and 
oharooal. 



.do 
.do .. 



Niieya(}erona 



None 

....do 

.....do 

Green corn. 



None 



.do .. 
.do, 
.do 
.do 



.do 



Batabano 

do... 

do... 



•Thia yeosel anrrondered to Helena off Cienfaegoa yoluntarlly, aa elalmed bj maator, aa Spaniah 
anthorltieo intended to aink her in channel at Caailda. Therela no proof of this. The yeaael waa 
aent to Gnantanamo and turned oyer to the commander in chief and has since been need by the United 
Btatea Gtoyernment in that port. No claim waa filed for prise money, as the peace protuooi was slgnod 
ballMa report of prlae masfeer waa reeelyed. 



304 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

mlt the Imding of our foroesi and that was the troop we saw marching through the 
Btreet. As we did not come in then they withdrew all their troops back of the hills 
for the night, and siffned the papers to present to yon at 8 a. m. on the morning of 
the 13th, accepting all yonr demands of snirender, and to permit oar forces to occupy 
the city. 

(3) It appears from this letter that a few hours' more time would have 

gained additional laurels for the Navy. 

Bespectfally, 0. F. Goodbioh, 

Captain^ U. S. N. 
Secbetaby of the Natt, WashingUmj D. 0. 



135895. 

[Report of bomlMurdment of MansuiiUo, Caba, Angnit IS, 1808.] 

U. S. 8. Newark, 
OffManganillo, Cuba, Augu$il8, 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to snhmit my report of the homhardment of Manzanillo hy 
the Nevcark : 

At 1.45 we commenced to ciear ship for action and were ready at 3 p. m. The first 
and second cutters, in which were placed inflammahle stores, and two whalehoats 
were lowered and anchored. This was done to prevent possihle injnry tothem from 
the cnncnssion of the suns. At 3.80 p. m. crew was sent to general qaarters. At 
3.36 flag of truce was hauled down and hattle flags were broken at the mastheads. 
Preyious to this, the officers of the gun divisions were assemhled hy vour orders on 
flying bridge and the positions of the commandant's quarters, the land batteries 
and small gunboats were pointed out and instructions given to fire at these points. 
The firing commenced at 3.36. I instructed the division officers to fire at discretion, 
keeping up a lively bombardment. This was done until about 4.15 when our flre 
was stopped, at which time the Alvarado was sent under a flag of truce toward the 
city. The other vessels of the fleet, excepting the Be$olute, were approaching Man- 
sanillo throneh the middle passage. Fire was opened upon them and upon the 
Alvarado f the latter hauling down her flag of truce and participating in the engage- 
ment. 

For fifteen minutes there was a rapid exchange of shots between the ships and 
shores. We were prevented f^om firing at this tune, as the vessels masked our line 
of fire. Upon the return of the Suwanse, Eist, Oaoeota. and Alvarado to our vicinity, 
we again opened flre. Orders were now given to send half the divisions to supper. 
Firing was continued about an hour, firing at irregular intervals, averaging every 
half hour one 6-inch shell fh>m each of the four divisions. This was continued 
until about 6.40, when an order was given to fire one 6-inch shell every half hour, 
and to continue the firing throughout the night. 

The ranges used throughout the action were fh)m 6,000 to 6,200 yards, the greater 
range being used while under way, reducing range when we anchored, at aboat 
6.30 p. m. 

In regard to the working of the battery, the firing was very satisfactory, being 
remarkably accurate. Probably one-fourth of the projectiles did not burst. Com- 
mon shell with base fuses were used. I have to report the following defects noticed 
in the battery, and in doing so incorporate the report of the officers of the gon 
divisions. 

• •••••• 

I respecfhlly report that the officers and assistants in charge of the divisions weio 
zealous and efficient in the performance of their duties. 
Very respectfully , 

W. H. Turner, 
LieutenanUCommander, U, 8. N,, JSxeoutive Offieetm 
The CoMMANDiNO Officer. 



135895. 

[Part taken by Setolutt in action off HannoiUo* Angnit 12, ISW.] 

XT. S. S. Bbsolutb, 
No. 45.] Off ManzanillOj Oubaj August 13, 1898. 

Sm: In accordance with article No. 275, XT. S. Navy Begulations, I 
sabmit herewith the report of the conduct of this ship daring the action 
of August 12j 1898, off ManzanlUo, Cuba. 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 305 

▲t 1.S0 p. nL deared ship for action. 

At 3.30 p. m., in obedience to signal from the Newarkj got onder way 
and stood in toward the town, stopping the engines when astern of the 
N0%Dark. 

Daring the earlier part of the action, although the crew were at 
quarters, no shells were fired from this ship. 

At 4.18, in obedience to signal from the Kewarkj the firing from our 
ships ceased, and as frkr as our observation extended no shots were fired 
fit>m the shore batteries. 

During this time a white flag was visible flying from a staflF on a 
large buDding on shore. 

At 4.40 the Spanish batteries opened again, dropping many shells 
around the Alvarado and Suwanee. 

The Buolute then steamed ahead, and at 4.35 opened fire when astern 
of the Newark with the sturboard guns. 

Three of the shells were noted as fiftUing on shore in the town, near 
the batteries. 

Finding our sheUs fsdling short, and having orders not to go into 
dose action (the decks being crowded with the 500 marines on board), 
ceased firing at 4.45 and lay to just outside the N&wark. 

Several of the enemy's shell fell between the Ifewark and this ship, 
but none reached the ship itself, and there are no casualties or iiyuries 
to report. 

During the action the boats of the ship were in constant readiness 
to land marines. 

I respectftdly submit herewith the report of the executive officer. 

I am pleased to report that officers and men exhibited excellent spirit 
and their conduct was most satisfactory. 

Careful observations were made of the NeicarJ^B practice, and I report 
that most of her shell struck in and close to the batteries at which 
they were aimed. 

Very respectftilly, J. 6. Eaton, 

Oammanderj Commatuling, 

Oapt 0. F. OooDBiOH, 

Commander U. 8. S. Newark^ Senior Officer Present. 



U. 8. 8. RXSOLUTB, 

Of Manzanillo, Cuba, Augutt IS, 1898. 

Snt: In eomplimoe with artiole 535, Begnlations for the QoTemment of the Natj, 
I nepeotfnUy tabmlt the following repoit of the part taken by the BetohUe in the 
aetUm of jettarday afternoon at this port: 

At 1^ p. m. the Newerk signaled Nameral 2, " Clear for action." At this time the 
BtmlmiB was anchored in 7i fathoms of water, the east end of East Cay bearing 8. 40^ 
£.y its west end 8. S° £., and the ship's head beinir N. 87^ £. When the signal was 
haolsd down tha ship was made ready for battle, foUowing, as far as conld be done 
with a ▼sssnl of this class, the General Instrootions, 1896, of the Bareaa of NaTiga- 
tlon, for "Clearing ship for action/' Partionlar attention was given to the battery 
of foor 6-ponndera and three Coifs automatic 8-millimeter rifles. The latter gnns 
belong to the Marine Battalion, now on board, and were placed at the rail on each 
side m the fore hatch. Awnings, spare sails, hammocks, and other pieces of canvas 
were disposed as shelters for the protection of guns' crews. Details for the efficiency 
af steering arrangements, stop leaks, and hose connections were carried ont also 
witii speoial eare. 

At 8.16 we weighed anchor and took position to the northward of East Cay. 
directiT oif the entrance to the harbor of Manzanillo. and kept it under steam until 
the end of the action. About 4.20 a white fl»^ was noisted on one of the principal 
bvUdings of the city, and signal to oease liring was made by the N0wark, Tha 

-ao 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



321 



^ ik4 N!9ra AUamHfi ^te*— Continaed. 



tBMwl for what' SalUng 



port. 



Batsiui. 
do.. 



... 



Barara. 



Sana harbor. 

do 

do 

....do , 

.-...do 



do 

.....do 

CtedMiaaBay. 



Hai 

KiniTMt^vB and 
VoraCrua. 



oratoam 



Sail.. 
...do 



Staam 
SaU... 
....do . 



. . . .do 



Sail, 
ac'boonor 
rigged 



— do ... 
SaU 



.do 

.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 

.do 
.do 
.do 



Bafl. 



Data of 
oaptora. 



To what port 



Apr. a. 1886 
Apr. S4, 1888 



Apr. n.1898 
Apr. 24, 1880 
Apr. 80,1808 
Apr. 27,1896 
Apr. 25,1886 



Kej Woat 
....do.... 



Apr. 23,1886 



Juno », 1886 



Jolj 8,1898 
Apr. 24, 1888 



.do 



Aag. 7,1886 

...-do 

....do 

....do 

do 



Aug. 8,1886 

.....do 

Aug. 11,1886 

May 8. 1898 
July 18. IbUI 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 



SaTaaaali. 



Kay Weat. 



.do 



Ker West . 

Cbarltsotou . 



Captaradwbflo 
ataaoboriB 
CayFranoea 



tmileafhwi 
Point Cai- 
baricn. 



Aug. 1,1886 



Kay Waal 



Oondemnod, 
ralaaaed, or 
daatroyod. 



Condemned 

do 

do 

do 

> * • • vQw •■■••1 



Sont Into 
Havana by 

Commaodar 
inCbtef. 

Coudemned. 



Oondomnod 



.do 



Deatroyed 
....do.... 
....do .... 

do.... 

do.... 



.do 
.do 
.do 



Gtondemnad 



Manxanilla 



Barana. 



San... 
...do. 

Staam 
SaU... 



July 8,1886 



May S. 1888 
July. IS, 1808 



Ooaotanamo 



Key Waat 
do 



.do 
.do 



.do 
.do 



Baleaaed. . . 
Oondamnad 



Aa I baTa been relieved fhm 
oommand of tha Porter, and 
baTO no data with wbiob to 
complete relom aa demanded 
by Indoaed blank, I oan only 
atate uamee of yeaaala eap- 
tored, and glTe tba data of 
anob oaptora Aram 



Tba Brloaiion waa In oempany 
with the Marblobaad and 
lying in Onantanamo Bay 
whan tba AdoJa waa taken 
poaaeaalon of by tbe Marbla> 



Actlonof Jnly 3. 
Gantared by Wilmington. 
Cnablng in aignaling dla- 



Captored by Porter, Coablng 

in aignaling diatanoa. 
McKee In aignaling diatanoa 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Captored l^ MoKee^ Cnabing 
in aignaling diatanoa. 
Do. 
Do. 
Captored by Cnabing and T. 
B.Gwln. 



Tba Taaael waa nreaent at tba 
time of the ainking of tha 
Spanish oroiaar Kama Mer^ 
cedes. 

BaUeyed to hava been relaaaed 
by Jndga of tho court with* 
ottt condemnation 
Inga. 



Tba L^en aaalated la tba 
deatmelloB of tha Spaniah 

riboat Jorga Jnan, Jnly 
1886. 



[In company with U. & & Hnd* 

mm, commanded by J. H. 

I Naweumb, llant U. 8. R.C. & 



Sha 



aaatto 



Thia Taaael waa loaded with Mexican prodnca, and waa bound Into Sagna la Grande. 
Kqr Went, and waa re1(«aed by cvdar of the Socretarr of tho Nary. 

faonm. Waa cloae by at time of capture of aohoonar Orianta by Ylakabnrg. Claim waa dnly mada 
In aeeofdaaca with regulationa. 

f Nona. Partieipat«d in the captara of tho Britiah echooner X. B. Klckeraon, June SO, 1886. oif Cape 
Cnu,U. & 8. Homet, oapt«ir. and tbla Teaael waa in aignal diataaca and had also headed for prise. 

4Two aloopa, ooa aunk in action, ooa.oondomnad by board altar oaptnia and than deatroyed; 2 pria- 
Jn)y IS. 

681)8 ^21 



322 



BUREAU OF NAYIOATION. 



IM ofprUet eaptured ^ MMil« 



Ing share in 
prlM money. 



Hudson. 



Snwanees 
Wmp6... 
Eagl«« ... 



Name of ship 
captured. 



Sloop Donna Ynes. 
Sloop Joeeflta 



Sloop Criatina. 



Nation* 
aUtj. 



Spanish. 



.do 



IMiipl 
ment 



Cargo. 



Fiah.. 
....do 



do 



Armed 
or not. 



Kot.. 
....do 



.do 



Cleared from 
what port. 



Cardeni 
do. 



.do 



Homal 



Hawk 



Tala. 



StLonis. 
StPaal. 



YixoB 



Gallito 

Santo Domingo. 



Dolores 

Bmmanuttl Raonl. . 



Benito Eatenger. 
K.K.Ni( hereon. 
Farragut 



SalT* Maria. 
AlfonaoXn 



Ssgnlna 

Tobasqneno. 
Aladdin 



Bita. 



Twiokenham. 



Wary 

Kestoimel. 



Torpedo boat de- 
Btroyer Terror : 
Diaabled and 
aonk on her ar* 
riyalinSanJuan. 



Koname .... 
Ponto Maria 



DelgadoPareio... 

Cnba Bspanoli 

Setrella 

Ouantanamo 

Oxurdian 

Pnriaaima Concep* 

oion. 

JoaeGaroia 

Gloria 

Maria Teresa , 

Vizoaya , 

Alrairante Oqaen* 

do. 
Cristobal Colon... 

Furor 

Pluton 



Spaniah. 
.••.do ... 



....do.. 
Britiah 



....do ... 
....do... 

Spaniah. 



.do .••. 
.do.... 



Snglish. 



Mexican . 
Norway.. 



Spanish.. 



Britiah. 



.do 
.do 



Spaniah.. 



Spaniah. 
...do... 



.do 
do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 

do 
.do 
do 
.do 
.do 

do 
.do 
.do 



s,aoo 



185 



Variona 

Live stock, 
t'ooil supplies, 
min. i-1%" 
B. L. A. 

Grain 

Provisions 



Light 

Provisions. 
Light 



.do 



Provisionsj 
guns, and 
aniuiunition. 

In ballast 



Provisions. 
Inballaat.. 



Coal 



.do 



176 



100 



COM 
8,000 
0,000 

6,840 
370 
400 



Provisions. 
Coal 



Provisions.... 



None . 

do 

.....do 



Not... 
Armed. 



Not. . • . 
,...do .. 



.do. 
.do. 
.do ., 



.do 



Not... 
...do. 

...do. 



.do 



.do 

.do 
.do 



Armed. 



Not.... 

Armed. 



...do 
...do 
...du 
...do 
...do 
Not.. 



.do 
.do 



YeraCrus... 



Progreso ..... 
Montego Bay . 

Mancaaillo... 
Montego Bagr . 
MansaniUo... 



Batabano, 
Cadis.... 



Sagua la 

Grande. 
Tabaaco 



Vera Cms 



Barcelona and 
▼arioas Span- 
ish parts. 

Martiniqaa... 



Jamaica 

Cardiff; San 

Joan, Cnra- 

coa. 



SUtioned at 
San Juaa. 



Santa Crns 



.do 
.do 
.do 



I wsrs no prises captured by the Snwanee, excepting two patrol sloops, which wars taken on 
side of Cuba. One of these waa giTon to the insurgenta, and the other was sunk at target 



• Then 
the north 

Sraotice. The only claim for priae money 6y tha Suwanea was for the Tessels of Admiral Carrara • 
eat. 



BURSAU OF NAYIGATIOV. 



828 



^ «• ^mik AOamHt RmI— Continiied. 



forwhat 



Ial»af 
HewYotkvlft 



IUbsmIUo... 
SttataGnudal 
8ar. 



H» 



8«g«a 1» 

Grande. 
....ito 



8*B Juan, 
Porto RJoo> 



KfaigatoB 



Mansanillo 
DaBiiaco... 



tationaiy.... 



SaOtBt 



....do 



.do 



Seboonar 



SchooBor 

SaU.... 



8aU.. 
....do 



.do 



Data of 



...T:do 



.do 



.do., 
.do .. 
.do.. 



• « • • Qv • • 4 



.do .. 



SaU... 
Stoam. 



.do... 



Station- 

Slaam .. 
....do... 
....do... 
...do... 
....do... 
....do... 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 



do. 
.do. 
.do. 



July S, 

July uun 



July H 
JnnoSSi 



June 77, IMS 
Jnno 30, 1896 
...do 



Aug. CISM 
Jnlj S,189e 

July ».18n 

July ao,i88e 

Aug. 8,1886 
May 8,1888 

Jnno 10, 1886 

Jnly 1.1888 
May 25,1698 



Dlaabled 
Juno 28, 1888 



July 8,1888 



Towhalpart 



X^ Wool 



Koy Weat 



Koy Woat 



Key Wool 
....do.... 



.do 
.do 
.do 



Koy West 

.....do...., 

.....do..... 



leleased^or 
deatroyod. 



Bouarka- 



Hot known 
Doatroyedofl 
Caxdenaa. 
Kot 



Condemned, 
atillin 
oonrt. 



....do 

DispoaitioB 
uDknown. 

....do 

....do 

.....do 



Charleatoa. 



Key West 



Deatroyod 
on ooaatof 
Cuba. 

Waiting ad- 
judication. 

Roieaaed — 

Boleaaedor> 
der S<*ore- 
tanKaTT. 

Gondeouioa. 



do 

.do Cargo eon- 

domned. 



Gnantanamo Condonned. 
Dettroyod.. 



Jnly 3,1886 

do 

do 



.do 
.do 
.do 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 

.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 

.do 
.do 
.do 



DriToa aahorai 
bomod. 



Loll in obarge of aenlor olBoer 

at Guabal (LioatenantConi- 

mandor Maiix). 
Lost on leof near Sand Koy 

Licht. 
DlaplaoomeBt nnknown, bnl 

oarrlea 8,000 toaa oargo. 

Diaplaoement nnknown, bnt 
ciuTiea 2,000 tone cargo. 

Diaplaoement unknown, but 
oarriea 850 tone of oargo. 
Do. 



Skip wao aotlBg Independently 
under ordero fhnn tbo D» 
lent direott on aoout 



luty. 
Tbo data la ftom memory, and 
may be in error. 

Tke Toaaol iaaald to kaTO been 
releaaod. Tbo oommaader 
in ohief appealed tke caae. 
I kave not been able to learn 
tke final result. 

Applioatiuu made to KaTy D» 
partment fbr booa^. 



A atael ligbtor being towed by 
a tog. 



i'y<.r. 



il&: 



in tke karbor of Iff ansa* 
tkoy 



during ai 

that plaoo Juljl8, 1888. 



deatroyod 
ongagoroent at 



Tke Vixen aaaiated in tke ao 
UonofJttlyS,1888. 



8Ko 



oaptnred and retained by tbia Toesel. Three Spaniak brigantinea were found at 

ily 27, 1888, by a squadron oonaiating of tke U. & 8. Dixie, Annapolis, Gloucester, and Wasp. 

Ko piiiocrowa weie placed on board, probably beoaoae tke senior offloer present did not couHidor ihs 



wortk sending North. 

sin addition the Eagle was prseent at tke eapture uf the Spaniah ateamer Argonanta by tke Maok* 
▼ffle near Cibnfoegoe, on April 28. 1888. 



324 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 



Li$t ofprigea eapiured ^ ve$9^» 



YMaela claim* 

iBg share in 

priM moDejr. 



Viz0n 



Yankoe. 



GloQoester. 



Dlzto 



Badgw 



Name of «hlp 
captured. 



Belna do loa An- 
gelea. 

Mexico 

San Jaan 

Matero 

TomaaBrooka 

Alvarado 

Sandoval 

Adolaa 



Las 

Jacinto — 
Mannelita. 
Armistad . 
Nemesla... 
Marie 



Burton . . 
1 lighter. 



9 Ughtort. 
8 llghtert. 



Maria Teresa 

Yiaeaya 

Almirante Oqnen- 

do. 
CrlstolMl Colon... 

Furor 

Pluton 

Three Bella 

Pilgrim .......... 

Qreenan Caatle. . . 



Manonbia. 



Sugar lighteraand 
aailing veasela 
in the Port of 
Ponce. 



Humberto Bo> 

drignee.a 
San Fernando a.... 
Safla 



Nation- 
ality. 



Spanish . 



...do.. 
....do.. 
....do.. 
....do.. 

do .. 

...do.. 
Britiah 



Spanish. 
....do ... 
....do ... 
....do ... 
....do ... 
Norway 

British . 
Spanish. 



.do 
.do 



.do ..< 
.do .... 
.do ... 



....do .. 
,...do .. 
...do .. 
BritUh 
— do .. 
....do .. 



^waoh . 
Spanish 



....do 



.do 
.do 



Diaplaoe- 
ment. 



100 
100 



16 
10 
SO 
20 
25 
4,000 

4,000 



COOO 
0,090 
8,090 

8,840 

870 

400 

92 

2,266 

2,989 



Cargo. 



None . 
do 



Fiah 

.... do .•••■•. 

....do 

.....do 

.....do ...■■■. 
Coal or pro* 
▼iaiona. 

Coal 

Nothing 



.do 
.do 



Nona . 
.....do 
.....do 



.....do 

.....do 

....do 

Proyiaions. 

....do 

....do 



Bald to be in 
ballast. 



None 



.do 
.do 



Armed 
or not. 



Not.. 
...do 
...do 
...do 
....do 
. . • .do 



.do 
.do 

.do 
.do 



Not.. 
...do 
...do 



• a. .do 

...do 



.do 

.do 
.do 



Cleared from 
what port 



Batabano... 

.....do 

.....do 

.....do 

.....do 

Qnadaloupe 



.do 



Kingaton 



r 

Lnoia, Jamai- 



Martinique 



Nueritaa 

....do... 
... do... 



• Theae yeaaela came out of port flying Geneya Croea with 400 people on board, all military eoLcept 
the orewa, three surgeons, aoa attendant*. Claimed all were aiok or wounded, bat a large numoer were 
found to be well. I^d not ask permission to pass blockade and did not intend to do so. By order of 
Nayy Department the priMoners weie put on board the barge and brig and sent into Havana, and a prlae 
erew waa put on board ateamer, which was aent to New York. Tfaeoe yeaaela had no papers except a 
letter from the captain of the port of Nuevitas claiming the rights of the Geneva Cross. The surgeon 
in charge stated there were six cases of yellow fever on boara the two sailing vessels, but this was 
foand to be not true upon the examination at Quarantine atation, Tortagas. A written report of the 
was made to the commodore oonimanding nrat squadron, and to the Navy Department. 



BUREAU OF NAV10ATI0N. 



325 



^lft« jr«ra ^fl4Mifie Mffl— CoDtioaed. 



fH-vtei SaOIm 



.do 
do 
.do 
do 
do 
.do 
.do 



•*ff«* !• 






.do 



.do 



Dmt#or 



TowlMUpori 



Jviy It, urn 



do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



do 

do 

do 

do 

OVMltaBMDO 

do 

do 



Tko TIzMwu psft of tho ioo* 



June 75, IflM 

do 

do 

do 

do 

Aug. t.l«i 



Uoekadlac SMttefo ^ C«U 
wImb thai aityon i T ood orod 
to Um mrmj, Tbo ommo of 



MJ 



IB Um Mi 
mTmtod by tfco Moel 



aTbO TlSOB off OMUltaBMBO^ 

JuM M, Wto tkio roMol to 
^ flrtof a abot oeroM Imt 
bow. MM apoa toqalnr Ibud 
•bo WM goiaf teto o«Aato> 
mwM Baj, AM botef ordortd 
to bo OB nlonbadlMff stotta 
bj nlcbtlUl eoiild do m 
■ort tbaa wato tbo Adoto 
taiword 0«MitoBMBO Boj, 
toto wbleb pUoo abo 
•ooa tofa. 
Daatvoj-od . No PAPwa. 

do ..I... Da 

Da. 

do Da. 



do 

Jnlj 16, UN 

July 17, ins 
Aag. tint 

Jnly S,1M 

do 

....da 



.do 
.do 
.do 



.do 



Ufbtora 
ndi "^ 



9hg 



Jnly t, urn Koy Waal 

do ' ... do.... 

Jaly T.1M8 dfO 

July M.UM 

July fl7,l»6 



Jaly n, IflW 



Kaw Tatk. 



.do 



do 
.do 
.da 



CMtnrad la Oaaatoa, Parto 

Kko. 
Captarad ta FoMa» Forto Klea. 
Caoiarad to Arraja, Forto 



Hot aetod 



Tba Q loMu ai toi aariatod to tba 
af July a, IMS. 



la tbia antora tbafawanff 
aagar Ufbtoca aad, approtl- 



bariaw 



> dowB tooaaatiaf 



IM •/ rftaala whiek rwp wt •# fw^at cmptmrwd. 




ICMolato*. 

ToMwito. 

But". 



PralHa. 
B.BO0 



fraai tba ClaetaaaU, 
Navark. aad iba 

boCb vltbto alCBal 
tobaaaty. 



Owa, Talboi AllaM, Tlktoc 
part af tbo acUva af Jaly t 



OPERATIONS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN. 



(S) OEHERAL REPORTS FROM CERTAIN VESSELS, PRINCIPALLT THOSE 

COVERINO WHOLE PERIOD OF THE WAR. 



S37 



oPERATion nr the hoeth atlaetic oceav. 

GENKRiX HSPORTS FROX CERTAIN VESSELS, PRINCIPALLY THOSX 

COYERma WHOLE PERIOD OF THE WAR. 

BUMMAKT 8TATBMEKT OF THB CRUISE OF THB U. 8. 8. SCORPION DURING THB 
LATK WAR. SUBiaXTKD BY HXK COMMAHDINO OFFICBB. 

1. Went into commission April 11, and reported for duty at Hamp' 
ton Boads as one of the Flying Sqnsuiron May 1. 

2. Proceeded with Flying Squadron to Cienfnegos, arriving there 
Hay 22. 

3. Left that night for Santiago de Cuba with dispatches for the Yes- 
sels scenting off that port; deliYcred them and retorued to Gienfaegos, 
arriving on the CYening of May 25. 

4. Finding squadron gone, took up blockade of that port until the 
following forenoon when the Coitine arrived and ordered this ship to 
Key West for coal and water. 

5. Detained at Key West until June 7, in order to form one of the 
conYoy squadron to the army, but under change of orders left Key 
West on that day to couYoy the ammnnition ship Armeria and the 
proYision ship Supply to Santiago. 

6. On the morning of June 9 met the British man-of-war Talbot and, 
taking her to be a Spaniard, turned around in order to engage her and 
permit the couYoys to escape. (See copy of report marked ^^ A.") 

7. Arrived off Santiago June 10 and did blockade duty off that port 
as one of the scouts until the night of June 29. During that time 
landed an expedition of arms, ammunition, and provisions for 500 men 
at Signa; on June 22 assisteid in clearing the beach for the army to 
land at Daiquiri, taking a position close inshore next to the New 
Orleans; on June 23 again assisted in clearing the beach for the army 
to land at Siboney. 

8. Left the blockading station at Santiago on June 29 and arrived 
off Cape Cruz on June 30, with orders to report to the senior officer 
off that station, and with additional verbal orders from the chief of 
staff to try to capture or destroy the Spanish gunboats reported to be 
in Manzanillo. Further information from him made roe expect to find 
the Manning^ Hist, Hornet^ and Wompatnek off that place to assist in 
the attack. None of the vessels were there, but when the Osceola 
arrived that same forenoon we received permission from the command- 
ing officer of the Si. Louis (who was there temporarily) to go up and 
see what we could do. 

9. On July 1, the Scorpion and Osceola arrived off ManzaniUo, entered 
the harbor and attacked the Spanish gunboats, which were in sight 
from outside. (See copy of report marked ^^ B," and copy of commend- 
atory letter from the commander in chief marked ^^C.^) 

10. Remained just outside of Manzanillo until July 5, and while there 
captured a valuable provision lighter in plain sight of the city and 
vessels, but the gunboats did not venture out. Taking coal off the 
captured lighter and water from the Osceola enabled me to remain until 

829 



330 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

July 5, when I was compelled to go to Gaantanamo, being almost 
entirely out of coal, water, and provisions^ and short of ammunition. 
We had left Santiago in a great harry and our early return was 
anticipated. 

11. Betorned to Gape Omz Jnly 11, and met the Histj Hornet^ and 
Wompatuok. My orders were to return to the station, but the chief of 
staff again told me yerbally to see what oould be done to those gun- 
boats. 

12. After consultation with the several commanding officers present, 
I wrote an official letter to the chief of staff suggesting the advisa- 
bility of reenforcements before another attack was made, a copy of 
which letter is inclosed marked ^^D." In response to this letter the 
commander in chief sent the Wilmingionj Helena^ and Manning to 
reenforce us, but the latter vessel arrived a few hours too late for the 
engagement on July 18. 

13. With the Scorpion^ Hornet^ and OBceola^ which vessel arrived the 
next day, went inside the shoals and kept up the blockade until the 
day of the engagement, July 18. I communicated with the Wilmington 
and was told that more vessels would arrive soon, and not to go in 
sight of Manzanillo until we did so in fbrce. 

14. On July 18 the attack was made which resulted in the destruc- 
tion of all the Spanish Government vessels. The Scorpion was in the 
lead of all the smaller vessels during the whole engagement, and con- 
tributed very materially to the destruction of four gunboats. (See 
copy of report marked " E.") 

15. Remained on this blockade until August 3, when returned to 
Guantanamo and did various dispatch duties until the cessation of 
hostilities was declared. 

16. Inclosed is a copy of my commendatory letter of the officers of 
this vessel, marked "F." 

Very respectfully, A. Mabix, 

lAeutenant-Commandery U, 8. ^., Commanding. 

a. 8. S. SOOEPION (25), 

Ouantanamo Bay^ Guha^ September 29, 1898. 



U. 8. 8. SUWANEB, 
JSavy- Tardj Norfolk, Va., September 1, 1898. 

8ib: In compliance with article 260, United States Navy Begula- 
tions, I have the honor to make the following report: 

In obedience to the Department's order, No. 90911, April 29, 1 assumed 
command of the U. S. 8. Suwanee on May 3, 1898, at the navy-yard, 
Norfolk, Ya., where the ship was being fitted out. I found her without 
guns, ammunition, crew, or stores; but having received verbal orders 
from the Bureau of Navigation to hasten her departure, everything was 
hurriedly got on board, and on May 6, the ship being practically ready 
for sea, we dropped down to Hampton Boads and at once proceeded to 
get things in shipsV^pe order. 

On May 8 we swung ship for compass error and that evening pro- 
ceeded to Key West in obedience to your order of April 13, No. 101804, 
where we arrived on May 14, having stopped one day at Jacksonville, 
Fla., for coal. 

The day foUowiug our arrival at Key West I reported to Commodore 
Kemey, commanding the station, that the ship was ready for duty on 



BUREAU OF NATIOATION. 331 

the Oabao coast. He informed me that he had decided to retain the 
8u9ca9^ee as his flagship until the arrival of the Lamcaster^ which was 
expected soon. 

In the latter part of May it was dedded to send the transport Oassie 
to the Onban coast, and there to land a large supply of arms, ammani- 
tion, and provisions for the ose of the insurgent forces. I was directed 
to convoy the 0u$9ie to Oay Frances, on the north coast of Ouba, as the 
most favorable point to land these sapplies, and to communicate with 
the senior officer present off Havana and request him to detail a vessel 
to accompany us, in order to protect the Oussie whUe the 8uu>€mee was 
making the mainland inside the cays. 

On the evening of May 30 we saUed from Key West, accompanied 
by the 0u99iej and fell in with the blockading squadron the following 
morning, when I reported to Commodore Watson, on board the Mont- 
gomery, his flagship, and he detailed the Newport for this duty. I then 
proceeded at full speed for Oay Frances, in order to make a reconnois- 
sance, the Newport and Oussie following at slow si>eed in order to join 
the 8uwanee i^r nightfall. On our arrival in the vicinity of Gay 
Frances I sent an armed boat's crew, in charge of Lieutenant Blue, 
with Ouban pilot, to the mainland, 20 miles distant, to communicate 
with Oeneral Gomez's forces, and to notify them of our presence and 
intentions to land supplies for their use. There being no reliable charts 
of this part of the Ouban coast, two Ouban pilots were assigned for 
our use, and, on the representations of the one on board that he was a 
very competent pilot in the waters in which we were to operate, I pro- 
ceeded inside the cays under slow speed with the lead kept constantly 
going, but, nothwithstanding all precautions, the ship suddenly ran 
into shoal water and got aground for about 30 feet from the bow 
aft. We were in this position until high tide, which occurred about 4 
o'clock tiie following morning, May 31, when the ship was backed off, 
assisted by the press boat Kanapaha. During the night the enemy 
kept constantly signaling by means of the heliograph, and having been 
reliably inl^rmed that three Spanish gunboats were stationed in the 
vicinity the ship was kept ready for instant battle. On the arrival of 
the Newport I commnnicated to her my condition, and advised that she 
anchor outside with the Chtseie to avoid the shoal water. About noon 
this day Lieutenant Blue returned to the ship and when close-to behind 
the cays he fell in with two patrol boats, cabin sloops, having on board 
soldiers and signaling outfit. These boats wei'e captured by our boat's 
crew, the enemy escaping on shore. One of these boats I gave to the 
insurgents for tiieir use and later in the day we destroyed the other at 
target practice. 

Lieutenant Blue rei>orted that he had communicated with the insur- 
gent forces, in accordance with my instructions and that he had con- 
siderable difficulty reaching them and in returning to the ship owing 
to the shoal water. The pilot then expressed a donbt as to his ability 
to take the Suwanee to the mainland, and as the Oussie was of greater 
draft than the Suwaneej it was impossible to land the supplies at this 
point except by means of lighters. I learned that there were several 
suitable lighters at Oaimanero, which was only a few miles from the 
insurgent camp, and I urged the insurgents to make an attack at this 
point to capture the lighters, and that 1 would then load them with 
the supplies. This they refused to do, as they claimed it might cost a 
large loss of life. I stated to them that we were at war and exx>ected 
to lose life, and that every chance should be taken to secure important 
cesultfl) but they refiised to take any chances; and after consultation 



332 BUREAU OF KAVIQATION. 

with Commander Tilley, of the Ifetoporty it was deoided that he should 
return to Commodore Watson, report the impossibility of landing the 
supplies with the means at our disposal, and submit to him as to the 
advisability of sending to Key West for the necessary lighters. While 
the Newport was gone I took the Suwanee^ in company with tlie Chune^ 
and anchored on the Bahama Banks, June 1. 

On the following day, June 2, the ITewport returned, with instructions 
for me to take from the Oussie as large a quantity of the supplies as 
could be conveniently carried and to land them at some other point at 
my discretion, sending the Oussie back to Key West. These orders 
were at once carried out, and on Jane 3 I sailed for the south side of 
Caba, reporting to Bear-Admiral Sampson, commander in chief, ofF 
Santiago de Cuba, Sunday, June 5. 

I was directed by the Admiral to land the supplies on board in the 
vicinity of Asseraderos, or wherever I might find forces under Colond 
Gebreco. but as the fortifications at Santiago de Cuba were to be 
attacked on the following morning, June 6, the Suwanee was permitted 
to take part, and was assigned the position on the left of the line, which 
was abreast of Cabanas. During this engagement a brisk fire was 
being maintained frnom the Cabanas batteries located in a small lagoon 
about 400 yards from the entrance. The Suwanee proceeded to the 
mouth of this lagoon, which she was enabled to do owing to her light 
draft, and by a steady and well-directed fire silenced the batteries, 
driving the enemy from the ground. The only casualty on board was 
one man slightly wounded in the leg by a small piece of shell. 

In the afternoon of June 6 opened communication with the insurgents 
a few miles to the eastward of Asseraderos, where we landed a smi^ 
quantity of arms, ammunition, and provisions, and then proceeded to 
Asseraderos, where the main force under Colonel Cebreco was located. 
At this iK)int we landed all the supplies on board, which included 2,000 
machetes^ 300 rifles, 250,000 rounds of ammunition, and a large supply 
of provisions. The landing of these supplies was finished on the even- 
ing of June 9. 

On June 11 1 received by the Yankee a memorandum order from the 
commander in chief to get in immediate communication with theinsur- 
gents, and secure without delay reliable information as to what ships, 
if any, of the Spanish navy were in Santiago Harbor. Believing that 
reliable information could not be secured through the insurgent forces, 
I detailed Lieutenant Blue for this duty, landing him, in uniform, with 
side arms, at Asseraderos, and directing him to request Colonel Cebreco 
to ftimish him with horses and guides in order to reach the hills near 
the harbor. This duty was successfally performed by Lieutenant Blue, 
and, by prearrangement, I picked him up on the coast on the morning 
of June 13. He had seen and located all the ships of Admiral Gervera's 
command. 

On June 15 I received verbal orders from the commander in chief 
to proceed to Ouantanamo B»iy and assist the Texas and Marblekead in 
destroying the fort on Cayo del Toro and to proceed afterwards up the 
channel toward Caimanera and to capture or destroy the Spanish gun- 
boat Sandoval. 

In this action the fort was completely destroyed, but the Buwanee 
was not allowed to proceed farther up the channel in search of the 
Sandoval on accoont of the large number of contact torpedoes planted 
there. About fifteen of these torpedoes were afterwards recovered by 
the crew of the Marblehead. On our return to Gaantanamo Bay, and 
when just about to drop anchor, infantry fire was opened on the Mar- 



BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 333 

hlAead^M steam catter from Hicocal Point. I at onoe proceeded dose 
in to this point and thoroughly shelled all parts of it, nsing also the 
Ooll^s automatic gun. 

On June 17 we engaged with other vessels of the fleet in shelling 
Hicocal Point and Gay Hospital, itom which places our forces had 
been, on several occasions, annoyed by infantry fire. After this there 
was no further trouble from these localities. 

On June 20 the commander in chief directed that the Sutoanee go 
in that night to the entrance of the harbor of Santiago de Cuba and 
drag for the Cienfuegos cable. Received outfit for the purpose firom 
the 8L LoutB^ consisting of hawsers with chain ends and two heavy 
grapnels. The commanding officer of the 8L LouiSj Captian Croodrich, 
and one of his officers who had been employed on cable steamer& 
accompanied us. At 8 o'clock that evening we went dose in and 
worked under the west battery, and at the entrance to the harbor until 
2 o'clock the following morning. On account of the rocky bottom we 
were unable to find the cable. We were obliged to stop work on 
aoeount of the arms of the grapnels being so bent or broken that they 
were of no fiirther service. We were frequently within 200 to 300 
yards of the west battery, and after the surrender of Santiago I 
learned from Lieutenant Araouca, of the Spanish navy, commanding 
the AlvaradOj that we were distinctly heard and seen by him and those 
stationed within the battery, and that he had urged them to fire upon 
us, but they refused to do so because they were not ordered by the 
proper authority. 

Chi June 22 assisted in covering the landing of the United States 
troope under General Shatter at Daiquiri. The Suwanee, leading the 
boats with the troops, entered close into the beach and shelled it 
thoroughly before the taroops landed, which they did without opposition. 

On June 23 covered the advance of the army from Daiquiri to Siboney, 
shelling the beach and over the bluff beyond. 

On June 25 the commander in chief again desired information con- 
cerning Cervera's fleet and he directed me to send Lieutenant Blue to 
ascertain if idl the ships were still in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba. 
I immediately proceeded to Asseraderos and landed Lieutenant Blue, 
fflving him the necessary instructions. He was furnished guides by 
uolonel Gebreco and performed the duty successfully, returning to the 
ship on tilie 27 of June, reporting tilie presence of the entire fleet under 
Admiral Cervera. 

On July 1 took part in the attack on Aguadores to cover the advance 
of the left flank of our army. Shelled the beach, rifle pits, and the 
forty driving the enemy from these positions. On the signal itom the 
commander in chief to <^ cease firing," we signaled back for permission 
to knock down the flag on the fort. The flagship answered that we 
might have three shots. We were a distance of 1,300 yards, using this 
range and a 4-inch gun. Lieutenant Blue sighted the gun and fired 
the three shots; the first rent the flag, the second struck near the base 
of the staff, inclining it about 20 degrees from the vertical, the third 
shot away the flag and staff. 

On the same afternoon I was directed by the commander in chief to 
take on bourd from the U. S. S. Besolute two submarine mines and all 
attachments, including 3 miles of insulated wire, with the view to 
planting the mines in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba, to be used in 
thB event of the Spanish fleet attempting to make its exit. I received 
both these mines on board and report^ the same night that I was 
ready to enter the harbor and place the mines, but as it was a bright 



334 BUREAU OF NAYIGATIOH. 

moonlight nigfat the admiral directed me to wait for a more aoBpiciotis 
time, and ordered me to proceed at 3^ the next morning to Ouan* 
tanamo for coal, the bankers being nearly empty. In obedience to these 
orders I proceeded the following morning, Jnly 2, to OnantaiiamOy 
where we arrived with two tons of coal in the bankers. Finished coal- 
ing the following forenoon and was on my way oat of the harbor when 
the Marblehead signaled for as to wait oatside. She got ap anchor 
and followed, and when within hailing distance informed as that the 
Spanish fleet had escaped from Santiago de Oaba, and was, in all prob- 
ability, on its way to this port to destrov nnarmed vessels. That the 
enemy's ships had escaped seemed incredible, bat Commander McOalla 
stated that he had jast received a dispatch finom Biboney reporting the 
fact, and he directed me to scont to the soathwest, which I immediately 
proceeded to do. While in the execntion of this dnty I called all the 
line officers on the bridge, Lientenant Bine and Ensigns Wittingill and 
Oilpin, and explained the sitnation to them, stating that a month ago 
the Kavy Department had cabled Commodore Schley that if Cervera's 
fleet escaped the Navy woald be disgraced. Apparently that misfor- 
tnne had come to it, and, withoat a dissenting voice, it was condnded 
that we woald do all in oar power to help redeem its repatation. I 
thereapon directed.these officers to draw the common charges from the 
gans, to load with armor- piercing shell, and to which parts of the 
enemy's ships they shoald direct their fire. I can not speak too highly 
of the condnct and bearing of all the officers and men on this specisJ 
occasion. It was all that could be desired. We were in a small gnn- 
boat, with a maximnm speed of 10 knots, standing oat to meet a fleet of 
heavily armed armored craisers with reputed spe^ of more than doable 
ours. Under other circumstances it would have been my duty to avoid so 
aneqal a conflict. I felt the foil responsibility of making the decision, 
and I record with pride that not a man flinched when it was made 
known. 

We steamed about 10 or 12 miles to the southwest, when volumes of 
smoke were discerned on the shore side of the horizon. A vessel was 
standing to the eastward toward Ouantanamo Bay, and from her great 
speed I concluded it was the torpedo boat Duponty and flnally saw her 
stop near the Marblehead^ whose masts could be seen above the horizon. 
We presently saw two puffs of white smoke which I rightly eoncladed 
were signal guns from the Marblehead for oar return. I at once pat 
the helm over and stood toward her, and when within signal distance 
read the signal from her masthead, << The enemy is destroyed." When 
within hailing distance Commander McGalla gave us the particulars 
and we pushed on for Santiago. On arriving ofl' that harbor I reported 
to Captain Evans on board the lowaj shortly afterwards proceeding to 
the eastward, following the vessels in chase of the Cristolnil Colon. 

Ijate that night I fell in with the flagship New Yorkj and was directed 
by the admiral to proceed to the vicinity of the destroyed ships and to 
bring off any of the crews that might be remaining on the beach. 

On the night of July 4, while on blockade duty off Santiago, fire was 
opened by the Massachusetts and Texas on the mouth of the harbor, 
and at about 11.30 p. m. we were hailed by the flagship and directed to 
ascertain the cause of the firing. While proceeding to comply with 
this order the shore batteries opened fire, shells falling ahead and 
astern of us. We ran in between the Massa^chusetts and Texas, and 
then saw a large ship at the mouth of the harbor with her lights burn- 
ing. She was sunk in this position, the port side only of her spar deck 



BUREAU OF NAYIQATION. 335 

being sabmerged. We did not open fire on her because of the large 
quantity of dry gnn cotton which we had on board. 

At daylight the morning of July 5 we stood dose in to the month of 
the harbor. I ascertained that the sunken ship was the Keina Mercedes^ 
and got three bearings on her which showed that she did not obstruct 
the channel. This I at once reported to the commander in chief. The 
enemy had evidently attempted to sink her at the mouth of the channel 
to prevent our fleet entering. 

On July 7, 8, and 9 the ship was engaged with the board appointed 
by the commander in chief to inspect and report on the condition of 
the wrecked Spanish warships. While secared alongside the Vizcaya 
on the 8th of July we had two streams of water pouring into her coal 
bunkers for seven hours endeavoring to extinguish the fire. 

On July 14 I went to Biboney for Brig. Gen. Guy Henry, and con- 
veyed him to a point about three and a half miles to the westward of 
Mono to show him the most favorable place for landing troops for the 
eontemplated attack on the '^western battery." While inspecting this 
proposed landing place the TJ. S. S. Wasp passed us, steaming to the 
westward, and signaled *^ Santiago has surrendered." We then stood 
to the eastward and General Henry went on board one of the army 
transports near Siboney. One of our boilers having given out, I pro- 
ceed^ to Guantanamo to make repairs. 

On July 18 left Guantanamo for Santiago de Ouba. On reaching the 
vicinity of the harbor the commander in chief directed me to proceed 
in and make arrangements for clearing the harbor of submarine mines. 
Anchored close off the city at 5 p. m. 

On July 18 commenced work of raising the electric mines, assisted 
by Lieutenant Araouca, of the Spanish navy, who pointed out the loca- 
tion of each.mine. 

This work was suspended on July 20, when the Suwanee was ordered 
to convoy to Guantanamo the steamships seized in the harbor of San- 
tiago de Cuba after the surrender. 

On July 22 returned to Santiago Harbor and resumed work on the 
submarine mines, which was completed on the 27th. All these mines 
were recovered excepting one located under the Reina Mercedes. 

On July 28 returned to Guantanamo Harbor. 

On the evening of Augqst 9 sailed for the Isle of Pines in company 
with the Newark and Resolute. During the night I proceeded in 
advance of these ships to Cape Cruz, where I communicated with the 
Hisiy doing blockade duty at this place. I learned from the command- 
ing officer. Lieutenant Young, that the city of Manzanillo would prob- 
ably surrender on the appearance of a strong naval force. This was in 
accordance with information I had obtained from the chief of staff on 
board the flagship New York just previous to our departure from Guan- 
tanamo. I therefore decided to wait the arrivid of the Newark and 
represent to Captain Gk>odrich, her commanding officer, that we could 
force the capitulation of Manzanillo before proceeding to the Isle of 
Pines. After consultation with all the commanding officers and Colonel 
Huntington, commanding the marine battalion. Captain Gt)odrich 
decided to make an attack at this point. In order to intercept the 
Oseeola and Alvarada^ both of which vessels were on way to join forces 
with us, we lay off Cape Cruz that night. Both of the above vessels 
joined us before daylight. After daylight we proceeded inside the 
Great Barrier Reef. 

On the following morning, August 12, we got under way at 4.30 and 
proceeded toward Manzanillo, anchoring well outside the northern 



336 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

entrance aboat 10 a. m. A demand for the surrender of the place hav- 
ing been made and refused, we got under way at 3 p. m. The Newarkj 
with the Resolute and Alvarado^ approached the city by the northern 
entrance. The Suvoanee. Hist, and Osceola approached by a more south- 
erly channel between the cays. These latter vessels were under my 
immediate command. After passing through this channel we steamed 
foU sx)eed for the city and opened fire at a range of 3,000 yards, 
decreasing to 1,500 yards. At this time the Newark signaled to *' cease 
firing," that the city had hoisted the white flag. Shortly afterwards 
the Alvarado stood in, bearing a flag of truce, and reported to me that 
the city had surrendered. The Suwanee^ Hist^ and Osceola were then 
elose to the city, the Suwwnee within 1,000 yards of the batteries and 
800 yards of the beach. The wharves and streets were crowded with 
the soldiers, to the number of several thousand. I had just ordered 
the Alvarado to proceed to the wharf with the flag of truce when fire 
was opened on us fh)m all the batteries and the troops. We immedi- 
ately returned the fire, and for some time a hot fire was maintained on 
both sides. The shots from the Mauser rifles were falling all around 
us, and the shells from the batteries were falling close alongside and 
passing over the ship close to the deck. Finding that the enemy was 
rapidly getting our range, I decided to change our position, and started 
the starboard engine half speed, putting the helm hard astarboard. 
The ship's head not paying off, I went ahead full speed on starboard 
engine with no better result. Finding that the ship was aground, I 
backed the port engine full speed, still going ahead on starboard 
engine, which had the effect of throwing her head in the right direction. 
The bottom being of soft mud, we slowly drew into deeper water, con- 
tinuing the fire until we reached the vicinity of the Newark^ when we 
were directed to anchor for the night. An examination! of the ship 
showed that she had snfi'ered no damage, the only effects of the enemy's 
fire being three shots through our ensign. 

At 6.35 p. m. we fired two shots from the starboard 4-inch gun at a 
range of 5,200 yards, the shells falling in the battery nearest the city. 
These were the last shots fired in the war by the SuwaneCj as at day- 
light the following morning;i August 13, the enemy sent out a flag of 
truce bearing dispatches from the Navy Department that the protocol 
of peace had been signed and an armistice proclaimed. 

On August 14 at daylight we left ManzanUlo for Ouantanamo, where 
we arrived at noon the following day, August 15. 

On August 17 received orders from Commodore Watson to proceed at 
my discretion to the navy -yard, Norfolk, Va., with the Suwanee^ 

On August 18 sailed in obedience to these orders. Stopped at Jack- 
sonville, Fla., for coal, August 21, and to avoid threatened hurricane. 

Arrived at Gape Charles, Ya., August 26, anchoring for the night in 
Lynn Haven Bay. 

Proceeded to Hampton Roads the following morning, August 27. 

On Monday, August 29, proceeded to the navy-yard, Norfolk, Ya. 

On September 1 the Suwanee was placed out of commission. 

Throughout the cruise the health of the officers and crew has been 
very go<^. At times, malarial fever showed itself, but never to any 
extent. During the month of May two men were transferred to the 
hospital at Key West as unfit for service, and while off the south coast 
of Cuba two men were transferred to the hospital ship Solace^ but both 
of these were afterwards returned on board. 

The battery of the ship worked well, except the elevating gear of the 
4-inoh guns, which showed signs of weakness and had to be repaired. 



BUBBAU OP VAYIGATIOH. 337 

New derating gmt was received on board and BolTered in like manner. 
The ammanition was good, excepting a number of 4-inch common 
sheila with navy-base ftise. Eight of these burst prematurely, but with 
ao resulting damage to the guna. 
Very respectfuUyi 

DAinsL Delshaktt, 
Lieutmant-Oimnumderj U. & N^ Camwumding. 
Hon. JoHH D. LoHGk 
Beeretary of ike JTav^fj 

Navy bepwrtment^ Woikingianj D. C. 



U. 8. 8. OSCKOLA, 
Navy-ffardy Boitan^ September 28^ 1898. 

Sim: The following summary of the cruise of this vessel during the 
months of April, May, and June is respectfully submitted. 

The Oeeeola was commissioned April 4, 1898, at the navy-yard, New 
York, with a crew of 26 men. The oattery was one 3pounder and one 
Galling. This was afterwards increased at Key West by the addition 
of two 6-pounders and one 6 millimeter automatic Colt. 

Lttt there April 12 for Norfolk, Va., when) she arrived on the 14th 
instant. Left Norfolk April 20, with a coal barge in tow, for Key 
West, FUl, and arrived there on the 22d insunt Left there the 30th 
instant, and reported to the commander in chief commanding the 
United States naval forces ofT Havana the following morning. May 1. 

Remained on blockade duty off Havana until midnight of the 1 th 
tnstant, when she returned to Key West to have new valve put in sir 
pomp, and other necessary repairs made on it. 

On May 6, off Havana, during the blockade, she was ilred on by 
eastern sand battery near Monro. One shell struck about 50 yards 
fkom starboard beam, and ricochetted over the smokestack. A second 
aheU burst directly overhead, and a third iftruck dose astern and burst. 
No hita were made. The secondary batteries then opened fire, but all 
•hots fell short. 

May 18, together with the JShrieeeany engaged in firing on cavalry and 
infkntry marching along the beach about 8 miles east of Havana; drove 
tiiem back into the bushes, where they disapi»eared. 

May 21, left Key West and oonvoyed the chartered steamer Fhrida 
to Port Banes, Cuba. Went by way of Straits of Florida, N. W. 
Providence Channel, N. E. Providence Channel, thence to San Salvador 
Island and Crooked Island Passage to Cay Verde. Left there 3 p. m. 
May 26 and arrived off entrance to Port Banes at 11.15 p. m. Took on 
board a Cuban pilot lh>m the Florida and headed in on course W. | S., 
with a boatload of armed Cubans in tow, the Florida followinc. At 
aidnight this vessel was stopped and headed offshore. The piK>t did 
aoi have any knowledge of the place. The next morning at early day- 
light we beaded in for shore, the Florida following. At 6J30 a. m. the 
Florida anchored in outer harbor near channel entrance. The armed 
Cubans' boat was sent ahead to land scouts. The crew of the Oeeeola 
were then called to quarters, and she passed through the channel into 
Port Banes Harbor and across it in a northwesterly direction to the 
mhss of the <dd town. She then returned for the Flofidoj and both ves- 
asb started in, tiie Oeoeola leading. At the first bend it was found 
to take the Florida in tow, and she was towed through the 
aad aeross the harbor to an anchorage^ 



338 BUREAU OF KAYIGATIOK. 

Bj the afternoon of the 28th the Florida had succeeded in landing 
415 ofiQcers and men and 50 horses and male«, together ^ith 180 tons 
of arms and ammunition and 20,000 rifles. The Oubans assisted in 
doing this, and soldiers from the army of General Gomez came daily in 
detachments to receive all that was landed. 

About 5 p. m. the Oceola went out to reconnoiter and ascertain the 
conditions of the current in the cannel. A strong current was found 
running out and it was not deemed advisable to take the Florida out 
that night. She was anchored that night near the channel, and at day- 
Ught next morning, May 29, she was taken in tow. The current was 
still running out strong, and at all the turns there were strong eddies. 
After much difficulty she was towed out to sea safely and lines cast off 
at 6 a. m. 

At 8.20 a. m. the smoke of two steamers was seen NW. by N. Ten 
minutes later one was made out to be a man-of-war, and as we could 
not make oub her colors the Florida was directed to return to Port 
Banes and the Osceola continued on her course. At 8.50 a. m. she was 
recognized as the yew Orleans. The Florida was then recalled, and we 
proceeded to Key West by way of the Old Bahama Channel. Arrived 
at Key West May 31. Remained there coaling and repairing until 
June 9, when the Osceola was sent to Oardenas, thence to Havana^ 
and reported to Commodore J. 0. Watson, TJ. S. N., for duty. Ordered 
to blockade Matanzas. Arrived there June 10 and returned under 
orders to Key West the following day. Left Key West on June 14 
in company with the TJ. S. S. Indiana and other naval vessels, to con- 
voy the United States army under command of General Shafter, TJ. 
8. A. Remained on convoy duty until arrival off Santiago de Cuba, 
and assisted in the landing of the army on June 22. Detached from 
this duty that evening and proceeded to Guantanamo for coaL Returned 
off Santiago 25th instant, and following day received orders to report 
to senior officer present off Cape Cruz for blockade duty. Arrived 
there morning of the 26th and found only the Hornet in that vicinity. 
Went to blockade duty along the reefs northwest to Cape Cruz and 
took position off Cuatro Reales Channel. Spoke the 8t Louis and 
the Scorpion off Cape Cruz on the 30th instant. Received orders from 
the commanding officer of the former vessel to join the Scorpion and 
Hornet and go to Manzanillo. Anchored that night near Cape Cruz, 
off Oacimba Point, in company with the Scorpion^ to await daylight 
before entering the narrow channels leading to Manzanillo waters. 
Very respectinlly, 

J. L. PUBOBLL, 

Lieutenant Commanding. 

The Chief of Bvuelu of NAviaATiON, 

Navy Department^ WasMngUm^ 2>. 0. 



TJ. S. 8. OSOEOLA, 

Navy Tardy Sostony Mass.j September 28^ 1898. 

Sib: The following summary of the cruise of the Osceola for July is 
respectfully submitted: 

At 4.50 a. m., July 1, we got under way from anchorage off Cainamera 
Point, near Cape Cruz, and proceeded to sound out a channel to Man- 
zanillo, the Osceola leading and Scorpion following. About Ip. m. we 
passed through the last narrow channel near Haevas Cay. We found 
not less than 6} fathoms of water all the way to this point. At 4.25 



BUBKAU OF NAVIGATION. 839 

p. m. we passed through fhe oays and abreast of Oaimanera Point, 
close to ManzanillOy and had a severe enf^gement with the enemy's 
shore batteries, infantry, and gnnboats, lasting abont one-half hoar. 
We then witiidrew to the channd between the cays and remained there 
nntil dark. Remained on blockade dnty antQ Jnly 6, when we retnmed 
to Gnantanamo with a barge load of provisions, abandoned in chase by 
the steamer Manati off Manzanillo Jnly 3. We remained at Gnanta- 
namo and Daiqniri, making repairs and taking in coal and water, nntil 
Jnly 12, when we retamed to the station off Mauzanillo. Remained on 
blockade dnty there nntil the evening of Jnly 29, when we retnmed to 
Gnantanamo for repairs, coal, and water. Jnly 18, in company with 
the Wilmingtony Helenaj Scorpion^ Histj Hornet^ and Wompatuekj 
attacked in Mansanillo Harbor the gnnboats of the enemy, five in 
number, and one armed storeship. After an engagement lasting abont 
three and a half hours we withdrew on signal to do so. Three large 
transports were burned, the storeship was set on fire and blown up, 
two Spanish gunboats were destroyed, and three sunk or stranded. 
The shore batteries and infantry opened fire on as at the end. No 
casualties occurred. 

July 20, in company with the WilmingUm^ Helena^ Scarpiany Man- 
ningj and HUt^ we fired on blockhouses and barracks at Santa Ornz. 
No reply was made to this fire. July 26, in company with Helenaj we 
had a sharp engagement with the shore batteries and infantry at 
Tunas, lasting about fifteen minutes. 

Very respectfully, J. L. Pubobll, 

Lieutenant^ Cammandii^. 

The Ohibf of Bubbau of Navigation, 

Navy Department^ Woihington^ D. 0* 



XT. 8. 8. OsoBOLA, 
Jfavy- Yardj Sostony Mass.^ September 29 ^ 1698. 

8nt : The fbllowing summary of the cruise of the Osceola for the 
month of August is respectfully submitted: 

The Osceola remained at Gnantanamo Bay coaling and doing special 
towing duty until the evening of the 5th instan^ when she left for 
Daiquiri to water. During her stay in Gnantanamo the commanding 
officer published a letter of the commander in chief, commending con- 
duct of officers and crew during the engagement at Manzanillo July 
1, 1898. Returned to Gnantanamo August 10, and left immediately 
to join the Newark^ Suwanee^ and AlvaradOj convoying the Besolutey a 
battolion of marines on board for the Isle of Pines. August 11, at 
daylight, came up with the Newark and other vessels off Cape Cruz, 
and proceeded with them to Manzanillo, where we arrived at 10.50 a. m. 
August 12. 

The senior officer present sent a demand ashore for the surrender of 
the military and naval forces of the city within three hours from the 
time of the delivery of the ultimatum. The ultimatnm was delivered 
at 12.35 p. m., and the conditions were refused. At 1.25 p. m., on sig- 
nal, cleared for action, and proceeded to the entrance of the channel, 
between Gays, leading to Caimanera Point. At 3.35 p. m. entered the 
channel, Osceola Iea(Ong, Sutcanee and Hist following. About 3.45 
p. m. we opened fire, shelling the beach at 4,000 ya^ range, and 
gndoaUy dosing. At 4.07 p. nu we saw a Ha^ of truce fiying from 



340 BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 

the oommandant's headquarters. We ceased firing and commnnicated 
this information to the Suwanee, The latter ordered an advance, and 
we went ahead. A signal from the Newark to ceaae firing was then 
flying. We went ahead, the Suioanee, Osceola^ and Hist in the order 
named, and went close abreast of the city water battery, where we 
stopped to await the coming of the Alvarado flying a flag of truce. 
When the latter had arrived inshore of the SuwaneCj a fire was sud- 
denly opened on us from the shore batteries, supported by a heavy 
infantry fire. A general action followed, lasting about twenty minutes. 
This vessel remained in 2f to 3 fathoms of water, drawing at the time 
about 14 feet. One shell struck across our stern and crushed a filled 
3-pounder ammunition box, but did no other damage. We withdrew 
from action by order of the commanding officer of the Suwanee. 

The following morning a notice of the signing of the protocol was 
received and the declaration of armistice made known. We left that 
day for Gape Oruz, by way of ManzanUlo channel, and the day follow- 
ing proceeded under orders to Gienfuegos, to notify the other ships of 
the armistice, and then proceeded to Key West, remaining at the latter 
place about twelve hours, and then proceeded to Hampton Boads. 
Anchored there August 22, about noon. August 24 proceeded to navy- 
yard at Norfolk to repair pumps. Remained there coaling and sealing 
boilers with ship's force and repairing pumps the rest of the month. 
Very respectfully, J. L. Puboell, 

Ideutenantj U. 8. N.^ Commanding, 

The Ohief of Bubeau of Navigation, 

Na/vy Department^ Waehington^ 2>. 0. 



tr. 8. 8. Hamilton, HforfoOcy Va.y October P, 1898. 

SiB: I have the honor to transmit the following summary report of 
the duty performed by this ship from August 1 to 17, 1898: 

August 1. — ^Arrived in Key West Harbor and anchored at 7.50, 
Commanding ofiQcer reported to Commodore Bemey and reported con- 
dition of rudder. Beceived order to have same repaired as soon as 
possible. Naval oonstructoj* came aboard and made an examination 
of rudder. 

August 2. — ^XJnshipped rudder and sent same ashore. Beceived one 
Boughton Telephotos. 

August 3. — Constructor's department repairing rudder. Filled fresh 
water tanks. 

August 4. — ^Bepairing rudder. Engineer's department at work on 
boiler man hole plate. 

August 5. — ^Bepairing rudder. Electrician working on dynamo. 

August 6. — Bepairing rudder. 

August 7, — ^Bepairing rudder. 

August 8. — Beceived rations. 81inging rudder preparatory to ship- 
ping. Beceived orders to proceed to sea when vessel was ready. 

August 9. — Diver employed to step rudder. Beported construction 
work finished to commodore. 

August 10. — Coaled ship and filled boiler and tanks with fresh water. 
Beceived mail for ships on Havana blockade. At 6.30 under way and 
stood for Havana. 



BUBSAU OF NAVIGATION. 841 

Auguit 11. — At 6.15 arriTed off blockading fleet and commanding 
officer reported to senior officer on the MianUmomoh. Received orders 
to deliver mail to the fleet The same being finished, the vessel was 
ordered to relieve the Peoria on station 4e and 5e. 12.30 relieved 



August 12. — Maintaining position on blockade. At daybreak Morro 
Oastle and battery east of Morro opened fire on fleet in front of 
Bavana. As some of the shells fell near the vessel, the ship steamed 
ont of range, no answering shots being fired. 

Auguai 13. — At 10.30 received signal from flagship. Commanding 
officer received orders to proceed to Key West. Oommunicated with 
CoBtine and Fi9h Hawk. At 11 started for Key West. At 2.40 sighted 
vessel making signals of distress. Proved to be the Oneida carrying 
dispatches, her boiler disabled. Called the Fiah Hawk and she con- 
sented to carry tiie dispatches to Commodore Howell, the HamilUm 
taking the 0%Mia in tow. 

August 14. — At 8 stood into Key West Harbor and anchored the 
Commanding officer reported to Commodore Beemy and 
orders to proceed to navy-yard, Norfolk, Ya. At 2.15 under 
wfl^ and stood up the coast 

August 15. — Standing np the coast. 

August 16. — Standing np the coast. 

August 17. — Stood in for Charleston Harbor and anchored off custom- 
house. 

Bespeotfiilly, yours, W. D. Boath, 

Captainj B. C. 8. 

OsmSF OF BUBBAU OP Navioation, 

Navy Department, WashingtoHj D. (7. 



141370. 

XT. S. S. AXYAHADO, 

Ouantanamo Bay^ OubOj September 13y 1898. 

Sis: 
• •••••• 

During the month of Augnst this vessel was employed as follows: 

August 1 to 9. — ^At anchor in Guantanamo Bay. Crew engaged in 
overhauling machinery, cleaning ship, making necessary repairs, and 
in getting stores on board. 

August 10. — Got under way and stood down coast for the Isle ot Pines 
to join the Newark and other vessels on the blockade. At 10 p. m. 
joined the Newark off Cape Cruz. 

August 11. — In company with the Newark^ Resolute. Suwanee, Histy 
and Osceola, entered Manzanillo Bay through Qnatro Beales Channel. 

August 12. — Proceeded off Manzanillo with the other ships of the 
squadron. Went in under flag of truce, taking demand from Capt. 
C. F. Goodrich, of the Newark, to the officer commanding the Spanish 
forces, for the surrender of the city. Took part in the bombardment 
of the fortifications around the city. While going in under flag of 
truce in order to ascertain if enemy wished to communicate, something 
on shore resembling a white flag having been seen, was fired on when 
within a range of 600 to 800 yards by the batteries and by infantry in 
intrenchments. Hauled down flag of truce and returned enemy's fire. 

August 13. — At Manzanillo. Used as a dispatch boat by senior 
officer, receiving flags of truce and going in with dispatches. 



342 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

August 14. — ^Left Manzanillo for Oaantanamo Bay. 

August 15. — Arrived at Guantaiiamo Bay. Towed ooal schooner 
Augustus Palmer alongside the Resolute. 

August 16. — Coaled ship from Augustus Palmer^ then towed her from 
alongside Resolute to her anchorage. 

August 17 and 18. — Engaged in cleaning ship and in making minor 
repairs. 

August 19. — ^Took Lieutenant Blow to Oaimanera and retarned with 
diBpatches for the commander in chief. 

August 20. — Started down the coast for the wreck of the Maria 

Teresa with Lieatenant Blow on board. After proceeding 12 miles put 

about and returned to Guantanamo Bay on account of condenser tubes 

leaking badly. 

• •••••• 

Very resi)ectfully, Victor Blue, 

LieuteMintj U. 8. 'N.j Oomtnanding. 

The Commander in Chief, 

Eastern Squadron. 



13935a 

[Beport oi moTemento of the Tank$4 to Angnet 81, 1806.] 

U. S. S. Yankee, 
TompJUnsvillej Staten Islandj September 5, 1898. 

Sib: I have the honor to submit the following report of the move- 
ments of the Yankee^ under my command, from the date when she was 
placed in commission to arrival at League Island, August 31. 

The U. S. S. Yankee^ one of the Morgan Line steamers, was placed in 
commission at the navy-yard, New York, on April 14, 1898. I did not 
join her until April 19, and at that time the alterations deemed neces- 
sary to transform her into a cruiser had already been decided upon and 
begun. 

A much better disposition of battery and of the magazines could 
have been made, but, as the Department was anxious to secure the 
services of the ship at as early a date as possible and the work bad 
already been begun, very few changes in the original plans were sug- 
gested by myself. My recommendations regarding the ship will h^ 
made the subject of a separate report, thinking that it may be of use 
to the Department in case it is decided to retain these vessels perma- 
nently in the service. With very few alterations and at a compara- 
tively small expense they could, with their excellent sea qualities, great 
stowing and berthing capacity, and large steaming radius, be made 
efficient cruisers in time of war. While their speed is not very great — 
under favorable circumstances and for short distances not exceeding 
16 knots — a constant speed of 14 to 15 knots can be maintained almost 
regardless of weather, and they can easily carry coal for a distance of 
at least 10,000 miles at this speed. 

It had been decided by the Department that the ship should be offi- 
cered and manned, with the exception of the commanding officer, the 
executive^ and the navigator, by the Naval Militia of the State of New 
York. My views regsirding the service performed by and the efficiency 
of this organization have already been submitted to the Department; 



BtmSAtJ OP KAVIOAtlOll. ft4d 

and it will only be neeeasary for me to state here that the crew showed 
great teal and intelligence in performing their datiee — their short- 
comings being almost entirely dne to their inexperience at sea. With 
a skeleton organization of petty officers, with a seaman or two in each 
]iart of the ship taken fh>m the Navy, the Naval Militia coold be made 
into a most efficient crew; bnt it is hardly fair to them or to the sery- 
ioe to throw them in a mass aboard of a ship of war, with the expeo- 
tation that they will at once fidl into the traces like a lot of trained 
man-of war's men. 

On April 19 1 was directed by the Department to report to Com- 
modore Howellf the commander in chief of the Northern Patrol Squad- 
ron, for dnty nnder his command, and on May 6 I received orders to 
proceed with the Yankee under my command, when in all respects 
ready for sea, to Provincetown, Mass., for that purpose. 

The ship was not ready for the reception of the crew until May 7, but 
on May 9, although not in all respects ready for sea, still in a fair con- 
dition of preparedness as regards the iNittery and engines, we left the 
yard and proceeded to the anchorage off Tompkinsvill^ where we 
remained until May 11, when, after seeing the people properly stationed 
at their quarters for battle, we got under way and proceeded to l^v- 
inoetown, Mass., arriving there on the evening of May 12. The same 
night we received orders from the commander in chief to i>roceed with 
the U. 8. 8. Columbia to the vicinity of Block island, and, together with 
the latter vessel, to establish a patrol from Block Island to Uenlopen* 
This duty was performed by the Yankee in conjunction with the Cofi«fii- 
bia for a iK>rtion of the time, and over the whole route from Block 
Island to Henlopen for the remainder, until May 26, when, under the 
orders of the commander in chief, we proceeded to New York for coal. 

The orders under which we were acting while on the patrol duty 
required that we should report every day either at Block Island or 
Henlopen* In order to accomplish this, a distance of 220 miles had to 
be run daily and a boat sent ashore to communicate with the telegraph 
oflloe. This matle it necessary at times to run in fogs and thick weather 
at a high rate of speed, and, as the ship was not supposed to show her 
running lights or to sound her whistle, tne duty was attended with great 
responsibility* esfiecially in view of the fact that only two of the watch 
oflloers had had any experience at sea. 

We arrived in New York on May 27 and reported to the commandant 
at the navy-yard. The same evening orders were received ftom the 
Uenartment detaching the Yankee ftt>m duty with the Patrol 8quadroD 
and directing me to proceed to the blockade off 8antiago de Cuba, and 
to report to the senior officer there for duty. The coaling was rushed 
as rapidly as possible, it being put in by our own crew, who were entirely 
unaccustomed to such work, but who turned to most cheerfully, and on 
Mav 29 we got underway for Cuban waters, stopping at St. Nicholas 
Mole on the way to communicate with the Defiartment. 

During the i)assage south, exercised at target practice with either 
the main or secondary battery almost daily, and every opportunity 
wiM taken to put the ship in condition for battle. In all this work the 
crew showed great interest, zeal, and intelligence. 

On June 3 we arrived off 8antiago de Cuba and reported to Admiral 
Saiupfioii, the commander in chief, and were at once assigned to the 
eastern end of the blockading line, inshore, the U. 8. 8. New Orleane 
being Just outside of us. At 12.20 a. m. the same night the New 
Oriemme made signal that a tr»rpedo boat was escaping from the harboTi 
and alaott iauaediately opened flre with her secondary battery. At 



344 BUREAU OF NATIGATIOH. 

the time the signal was given, the Ta/nkeey having drifted by the cur- 
rent a short distauoe to the eastward of her station, was abready going 
ahead at a rate of 12 or 13 knots, with her helm hard aport, to turn into 
position again, so by chance the ship was already under a liigh speed 
when the alarm was given. We continued to turn with the port helm 
after the signal was given, until, on approaching close to the New 
Orleans and discovering that she was already turning across our bows, 
we stopped and backed, and as soon as clear of her stem, again startea 
ahead at full speed for the beach, with a view to cutting off the torpedo 
boat, had there been one there, standing either to the eastward or west- 
ward. A number of shots were fired at a black object in the water, 
which afterwards proved to be a large mass of seaweed. No vessel 
was, however, seen ; but the opportunity was an excellent one to demon- 
strate the eagerness and the quickness with which the crew could get 
to quarters when the occasion required. 

On the afternoon of June 4 the Yankee stood in with the fleet under 
the batteries, with a view to drawing their fire; but as the latter failed 
to open, the fleet withdrew. 

On the morning of June 6, the fleet having formed south of the 
entrance to the harbor, again stood in under the batteries, at an esti- 
mated distance of 3,000 yards, which was afterwards decreased to less 
than 2,000 yards, the U. S. F. S. New York at the eastern end of the 
line and the Yankee next outside of her. At 7.30 o'clock the whole 
fleet opened on the batteries, keeping up the fire until 10 o'clock, when 
signal was made to cease firing, and the Keto York soon after withdrew 
from the line. Shortly afterwards the eastern battery again opened on 
the ships on the eastern end of the line, and, when a number of shots 
had fallen near the ship, I gave the order to open with our guns in 
order to silence the battery, which was soon accomplished. Shortly 
afterwards the Ifew Orleans was directed by the flagship to come inside 
and take the latter's place, which she did, x>ouring in with her quick- 
firing battery a remarkably well-sustained fire, and the batteries did 
not again open untU we were withdrawing, when they fired one or two 
shots. 

At midnight on June 6 we started in the Yankee with orders to pro- 
ceed to Ouantanamo, where we arrived the following morning, reported 
to the commanding officer of the TJ. S. 8. Marhlehead^ and proceeded 
after him into the harbor to protect the 8U LouiSj which vessel was 
engaged in dragging for the cable at the entrance of the harbor. The 
Sandovalj a small gunboat, and the old fort near Oaimanera, in the 
upper bay, opened on the Marblehead and Yankee shortly after we entered, 
but the former was soon driven into the upper harbor and the fire of 
the latter was easily silenced. Advantage was taken of this oppor- 
tunity to give our men more practice with the guns in firing at both the 
fort and the gunboat. The blockhouse on the hill at Fishermans Point 
was also fired at and burned by the shells from the battery of this ship. 
At 7.45 p. m., the work of the St, Louis being completed, we withdrew 
from the harbor and rejoined the fleet on the blockade of Santiago de 
Ouba. 

On the morning of the 8th, at 9.30, we were ordered to chase a strange 
vessel to the southward and westward, which proved to be a collier, and 
on the same evening, at 11 p. m., we proceeded under orders to St. 
Nicholas Mole with dispatches for the Department, carrying Oolonel 
Allen, of the Signal Corps, with us to make arrangements for opening 
telegraph communication at Guantanamo. On June 9, having received 
a numb<w of dispatches for the Admiral, we rejoined the blockade off 
Santiago de Oubay arriving there at 6 a. m. of June 10. 



BUKSAU OP HAYIQATIOV. 845 

On Jnne 10 we were directed to proceed to Port Antonio, Jamaica^ 
for tlie purpose of carrying diBpatcbes to the Defiartmeut, and alao to 
inquire into the movemenU of the Puris^ima Conception^ the vessel that 
waa reiK>rted to be in Kingston, Jamaica, ready to run the blockade 
into Cuba. We arrived at Port Antonio at 8^ p. m. ; communicated 
at once with our consul there, and also by telegraph with our consul at 
Kingston, and from information received fh>m the latter concluded to 
pnioeed to Montego Bay, Jamaica, for the purpose of getting ftirther 
information regarding the latter vesseL 

Upon arrival at Montego Bay I communicated with the United States 
consular agent there and again with our consul at Kingston, Jamaica, 
by wire, and, receiving no definite information regarding the movements 
of the PuriM$ima Conception^ started to rejoin the fleet off Santiago, 
arriving there and reporting to the AdmiraJ at 7^ a. ul the following 
day, when I received orders to proceed to Cienfuegos and keep a look- 
out for the PurtMnma Coneq^tian or other vessels, in case any attempted 
to enter that port, and I was directed at the same time to convey oniers 
to the U. 8. 8. YoMcmite to proceed to the west end of the Island of 
Jamaica to head her off in case she went in that direction. I started 
to the westward at once and arrived at our station on the forenoon of 
June 13. 

Shortly after, about 1 p. ul of the same day, a steamer was reported 
close under the batteries near the entrance ot the harbor, standing off 
and on. I at once cleared ship for action and started for her at ftill 
speed, and as we approached made her out to be a Spanish gunboat of 
the Ualetia class. When we were about 3 miles from the batteries at 
the entrance to the harbor she turned toward as, and we stood in 
toward her at full speed nntil within 2,000 yards, we at that time 
being about 4,000 yards from the batteries and the gunboat within 
easv range, when we put our helm to port, tamed about four poiotSi 
still approaching the gunboat and the battery on Light-House Pointy 
and opened with our port forecastle 5inch gun. This brought us within 
1,200 to 1,500 yanls of the former and about 3,000 yards from the bat> 
tery. The wind at the time was light and blowing directly toward the 
entrance of the harbor, and as we were using brown powder 1 knew 
that I should blank my fire by smoke to a greater or less extent^ but 
the result proved much worse than I had anticipated, for after the first 
shot by the forecastle gun, which missed the stem by a short distance, 
the guns of the gun deck battery were unable to pick her up ontil she 
bad tamed and was well into the entrance to the harbor again. The 
fire, however, was kept up on her in the meantime with the forecastle 
gun and the O-poundem on the spar deck, whenever the smoke would 
permit. The course which we were then steering brought as within 
easy range of the battery on Light-House Point, and one of oar crew 
was badly wounded about this time by the fragments of a shell which 
burst outside the ship. As this course carried us no nearer the gan- 
boat, 1 pot my helm to port, swung around, and again stood toward her 
and toward the liattery on the west shore. After standing some dia- 
taure and again o|iening fire on the gunboat with all broadside guns, 
she withdrew into the harbor, together with another gunboat, which 
had come out to asMint her. The gunboats having withdrawn, we 
devoted our attention to the Imttery on the west side, landing one sbdl 
directly in it, and from an explosion which occured, when there waa no 
evidence of a gan having been fired, I am inclined to believe that wa 
lilew op one ai their reaclysupplv magazines. 

I attribota the foct that the gunboat was not destroyed almoatentiielj 



346 BUREAU OF NAVIOAtlOK. 

to the brown prismatic powder that wewere using, which not only caased 
considerable smoke, bat I think also, from trials made both before and 
afterwards, was not up to proof, thereby interfering with accaracy. 

The fire from the batteries and ganboats was spirited, well sustained, 
and fairly well directed, but we were fortunate enough to have only the 
fragments of one shell come aboard. The men showed, as they had 
on previous occasions under fire, remarkable coolness and eagerness. 
A week later I was informed by some Ouban officers with whom I 
commuicated, 15 miles to the westward of Oienfuegos, that the gun- 
boat which we had engaged was the Oaliciaj and that 3 men had been 
killed and 7 wounded on board of her in the engagement, and that they 
had been obliged to beach her to prevent her from sinking. 

On the following morning, June 19, while lying off San Juan Peak, 
10 to 12 miles to the southward of the harbor, a large vessel, evidently 
a ship of war of some kind, was seen standing out of the harbor. We 
again cleared ship for action and stood in toward her until we made her 
out to be the German cruiser Oeier. 

We remained off Oienfuegos until June 15, when, under orders from 
the commander in chief to return to the blockading squadron by June 
16, we stood to the westward, arriving off Gape Gruz on the morning of 
that day. At 7 a. m., fire being reported in the starboard bunker, and 
nothing being in sight, we started for the blockading fleet off Santiago, 
arriving there about 3.30 p. m. and resuming our station. 

On June 17 I was directed by the commander in chief to proceed to 
Guantanamo, take in what coal I could get before the evening of the 
following day, and then to proceed toGienfuegos and establish a blockade 
of that port. I received further instructions to remain off Gienfuegos 
until the arrival of another vessel, or until, in my opinion, it became 
necessary to fill up with coal, when I was to proceed to Key West for 
that purpose. We arrived at Guantanamo at 3 p. m. on June 17 and 
began coaling at once, and at 6.30 p. m. of June 18 started for Gien- 
fuegos, in accordance with orders, arriving off San Juan Point on the 
evening of the 19th. 

About 8.30 on the morning of June 20, a steamer being reported to 
the eastward, I stood off toward her, and made her out to be a white 
steamer which answered to the description of the Purissima Conception^ 
lying in the port of Gasilda. We stood in close to the land at Mulas 
Point and fired a shot across her bows to make her show her colors, 
when she showed signs of getting under way. Began firing at her at 
about 5,000 yards, the nearest we could approach to her owing to shoal 
water, and continued the firing until she was out of range. A small 
gunboat, lying well up on the shoals, opened fire on us, and also a hulk 
inside Gasilda Harbor, which had a battery mounted, their shots falling 
short. As the Purissima stood to the eastward over the shocks we 
attempted to follow outside, but she soon turned behind some small cays 
and was out of sight. The shoal water not permitting us to follow her, 
I again returned to our former position off Gasilda Harbor and opened 
lire on the gun vessel at the wharf inside, but apparently effecting no 
material damage, as the range was too great, I hauled off and resumed 
our station off Gienfuegos. 

On the morning of the following day I stood to the eastward and 
looked into Gasilda again, and not seeing the PuriBBtma there or in sight 
stood to the westward, off Gienfuegos, about 15 or 20 miles, in search 
for a party of Gubans with whom the TJ. S. S. Marhlehead had communi- 
cated some weeks before. I found them at about 1 p. m. and sent a 
boat ashore which brought off the governor of Matanzas, who gave us 



^f caoildenl 



BomsAU or hitioation. 



f caoildenbte Inibnnation rsffurdins the oondltlon of nlMn io tfae 
vicinity of Isle of Pinea and alan inrormed lu of the diuniige iDflinted 
in onr action off Cicnftie|[oa on June 13. 

Tbe Kovsroor of Matanzaa lutd come to tb« coast in order to pat him- 
Mlf in ooouianioatioo with onr forces to aak for arms, provisions, cloth- 
ins. Bedidnea, wto^ for llie in«nrgenta>. We, uDrorttinately, had 
ootbtng to five bim in the wy of amui, aixl bat little in tbe wajr of 
mediduea; Eat I aent « boat load uf provisioDs and n qaantltf of 
tobaoeo and nich ntedidnes and bandaces as we oould uparv. We then 
stood back to the eastward fur oar stjitiou, and when off Oienfaeeoa 
Btfihted the U.S. 8. Dixie, which bad come to relieve n«un tbe blockade 

On the following momiug I stood to tbe eastward of Car Blanco, 
and sighting a steamer, apparently Uie PurUtiima CaacvptwR, well np 
Inabore on tbe reef, sent our boat to aoond with a view of aarartain- 
lag If It wet« poiuible to And a channel which would t«ke as ap to her. 
Tbe ssrreys were very inittrftwt, and the cbannel. If any, admitting uf 
oar draft, very narrow, and, tbe ullot in the />ifw baving previously 
dedtbed to eoofltder taking tbe ship into It, tbece being abeolotely no 
BMTka to mo by, 1 abandoned the project. 

On tbe 34tb of Jane, being at that tiiue short of coal, I stood to Uw 
westward and started for Key WiMt with tbe lutfatiou of eiauioiag 
into tbe condition of aOkiia off the lole of Pines on the way thersi. 
Arrived off the Isle of Pines on the moriiiii(r of the l^'ith of Jane and 
stood In toward Oape Praucis, io the viduity of wbicb we sighted five 
large Ashing vesaelfr— fonr at anchor and one under way. A shot from 
the ft puander across tbe bows of the latter st^ut her back to the anchor- 
age, when two boata, In charge of Lieut. W. O. Cutler and Ensign 
W. be W. Uimook, who volntiteervd for tbe work, were sent in to bring 
them out, which they did in ysotA ntuipe, tlie ship staiidini; close In to 
the reef in tbe mesntiiue to protect them in case they were Ored upoo 
fmoa tbe shore. Tbey proved to be Qve fishing vessels, all from Beta- 
boao and all the pro|ierty of Spaniards. As it was impractieallle to 
end tbem to a prixe rourt for adiadlcstioa, 1 destroyed them. 

Ob the 96tb of June, a ca-.o of diphtb«rta being reported aoionc tbe 



I being short of final, pp>oMded direetly to Key Weet, when 
sd OB the 27th of Jane. Airaogeneata were made ft»r coaling 
•t ooee, and at tbe same time reoetveil uuiraotfoos to bold nyaelf in 



raadiases to convoy a nnmber of army tran^MrU to Santtagn de Onho. 
We tniahed coaling, and were ready to sail at a noment'i ootioe, wbao, 
oa the Sd of Jnty, one of our er«w, who had bean seat to the hosptal 
witb appendlelila, having died of what waa s^ to be, by the meaioal 
oAeste sabore^ yelUtw fever, we were directed by tbe Navy D.-iiortmeot 
to soU at once lur New York, retaining on been! all tbe nails and stares 
which had already been token on iMMra for the fleet off Bantiago. 

We anivetl at New Vork on the &tfa of Jnly, and at oooo began to 
prepare tbe ship for sea, taking on board then, and later at Norfolk, 
a large onantltj of ammnuitlon for tbe Baatera Squadron, and on tbe 
Kth of Jaly stortad for Santiago de Cuba. 

Arrived off Santiago on tbe foreooon of Joly U, wben, learning that 
tbe commander in cliief was In Ooantonamo, proeeeded there, and 
reported to him on tJie afternoon of tbe same day. Tranalbrred tbe 
extra aapply of ammauitioo to the varioas ships of the sqnadroa, and 
■ads soeb preparattoas ae were neeesaary for Joining tbe fleet, which, 
noder tbe command of the commander in chief, was bonnd for tbe cast. 

Ob tbe lat of Aagust, having still on board a large sopply of amma- 
BlCioa for tbe JfaMociajcJU, aiid she being off the Island of Porto Uioo, 




848 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

Started for Ponce, with a view to communicating with her there; but 
when south of San Domingo spoke the U. S. S. Dixie, from whom we 
learned that the Massdchusetts had already left Ponce for Guantanamo, 
and we then returned to the latter harbor. 

On the 11th of August we were ordered to proceed to the northward 
of the island of Guba to watch for a steamer that was supposed to be 
leaving the vicinity of Havana, carrying with her treasure and high offi- 
cials. Kemained in the vicinity of Mariguana and Grooked Island 
passages until the afternoon of Sunday, August 14, when [wej started 
for Gnantanamo. On the evening of the same day we sighted a fleet to 
the eastward of us, and on approaching and communicating it was 
found to be the commander in chief with the battle ships and armored 
cruisers of his fleet bound for Kew York. 

We were informed by signal that the blockade was raised and hostili- 
ties suspended. We then proceeded to Gnantanamo, arriving there on 
the afternoon of August 15, and reported to Gommodore Watson, com- 
mander in chief, and remained there until August 24, when, under orders, 
we started for I^ew York. We arrived at Kew York on August 28 and 
remained there until the 30th, when we sailed for League Island. We 
arrived at League Island on August 31, and on September 2 the naval 
militia crew was discharged fh>m the ship. 

In conclusion, I desire to call the attention of the Department to the 
seal and intelligence shown by all the officers throughout the cruise. 
The great bulk of the work of breaking in a new and inexperienced crew 
fdl to the lot of Lieut. John Hubbard, and the best evidence of his suc- 
cess was the condition of the ship and the efficiency of the crew at the 
end of the cruise. 

Very respectflillyy W. H. Bbownson, 

Oammander^ Commanding. 

The Seobbtabt of the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Waahingtony D. (7. 



iMosa 

[Opentions of SagU ftt>iD April 17, 1896, to olooe of hootllitiM.] 

U. 8. S. Eagle, 
Hampton RoadSj Ta., September 15^ 1898. 

Sib: In accordance with the provisions of article 260, United States 
Kavy Begulations, and of Squadron Circular letter No. 83, I have the 
honor to make the following report of the operations of this vessel 
since date of commissioning, April 2, 1898. 

The Eagle left the New York Navy- Yard on the afternoon of April 
17, 1898, and, after swinging ship for compass deviations, left Sandy 
Hook the following day, arriving at Key West April 23, 1898. 

The Uiigle left Key West the afternoon of April 24, and that night 
boarded the Norwegian steamer Forjsa^ and the British steamer Myrtle- 
dene^ both of which were allowed to proceed. 

The Ea{/Js proceeded to off Havana, Ouba, where I reported to Bear- 
Admiral W. T. Sampson, U. S. N., commanding United States naval 
forces. North Atlantic Station, on the forenoon of April 25, and was 
immediately assigned to duty with the division under the command of 
Oommander B. H. McOalla, U. S. N. 

This division, which was composed of three (3) vessels — ^the Marhte- 
keadj Naehvilley and Sagle^lett off Havana the same forenoon bound 



BUBSAU OF NAYIOATIOH. 849 

to Oienfliegos, Cuba, for the purpose of interoepting the Spanish armed 
transports MonUerrat and Alicante. 

The Marblehead and Uagle ran aground on the Oolorados reef on the 
morning of April 26, getting off without injury the same forenoon. 

A full report of this oocurrenoe was made to the Admiral by Com- 
mander B. H. McGalla, upon a consideration of which no further action 
was taken by the Depardnent. 

The diyision arrived off Oienfiiegos the morning of April 29, and that 
forenoon the NashviUej with the two remaining vessels near by to render 
aid, if necessary, captured the Spanish steamer ArgonautOj bound from 
Batabano to Oientuegos. 

Immediately after this capture, the division commander directed the 
Xagle to proceed off the mouth of Oienfuegos Harbor. 

A position was taken abreast of and about 1,500 yards away from the 
light-house on Golorados Point, and within a few minutes the Spanish 
torpedo gunboat Oalicia and a small gunboat left the harbor and steamed 
out toward the EagUj each one, in iMldition to a second small gunboat 
within the harbor, commencing a well-directed fire, a number of their 
shots filling quite close to the Eagle. 

This attack was immediately answered from the EagWe 6-pounders 
at a range varying from 4,000 to 2,200 yards and to such good effect 
that in about fifteen minutes the enemy retired, the Galida having been 
hit twice, once through her smoke pipe and once through her boiler. 

Within a few minutes one of the gunboats again appeared and, with 
a fort on shore, opened fire on the Eagle^ which was promptly returned, 
this vessel in the meantime having steamed a little closer in toward the 
harbor entrance. 

The Eagles fire during this second attack was of short duration, as 
the Marblekeadj which, upon the firing of the first gun, had started taU 
speed to the EagUe assistance, arrived within a few minutes and with 
a well directed fire from her splendidly handled battery soon silenced 
the enemy's fire both ashore and afloat. 

The first of these attacks on the Eagle brought on the first naval 
engagement afloat of the war, during which a small converted yacht, 
armed with four 6^pounders and two small Oolt's automatic guns, 
defeated and put to flight an enemy's force consisting of one torpedo 
gunboat and two small gunboats. 

The OaUda was of superior size to the Eagle and was armed with 
two 4.72-inch breechloading rifles, four Opounder rapid fire guns, one 
machine gun, and two torpedo tubes. Information received later from 
nearby insurgents was to the effect that the injuries inflicted on the 
Oalicia by the EagUfe fire were such as to require over five weeks to 
repair. 

Commander McCalla's division left Oienfuegos the afternoon of April 
29 for Key West, the Eagle being temporarily detached north of Gape 
San Antonio with dispatehes for the Admiral off Havana. When near 
Havana it was learned that the Admiral was off Key West, at which 
place the Eagle arrived on the afternoon of May 3, having boarded the 
British barkentine Daiey en route. 

The Eagle left Key West in the early morning of May 5 to join the 
other two ships of the division which luid left for Oienfuegos six hours 
previously. 

Overhauled and boarded the Norwegian steamer Agnee the same 
night and joined the Marhlekead the next morning^ both vessels arriv- 
ing off the harbor of Oienfuegos during the forenoon of May 7. 



350 BUBEAU OF NAYIGATION. 

Od blockade dnty off Oienfaegos until the night of May 10, dnring 
that interval boarding the British brigantiue Harry Stewart and the 
British steamer Adula. 

During the night of May 10 the BaglCj by order of Oommander 
McCalla, parted from the division and arrived at the head of the Oulf 
of Uazones, at the entrance to Diego Perez Ohannel, the following 
morning. 

During the day a thorough search was made by this vessel and two 
pulling boats for the cable connecting Batabano with Oienfuegos but 
without success. From information received £rom the light-ship keeper 
and a Ouban pilot this cable had not been seen for three years, and was 
probably buried many feet deep under the sand on the shoaL Our 
orders did not permit of a further search. 

The same afternoon the light-ship at the entrance to Diego Perez 
Channel was burned, the keeper, who stated he had received no pay 
from the Spanish authorities for eleven months, being taken on board 
this vessel. The Ua^le arrived off Piedras Gay that night and found 
the three ligh^house keepers at that place on the verge of starvation, 
they having had no communication with the authorities for five weeks 
and having been without food for three days. The lighting apparatus 
was completely destroyed and the keepers taken on board the Eagle. 
which joined the division off Cienfuegos the following morning, and 
during that day, after supplying them with food and do thing, landed 
the light-house keepers at a point on the coast where they were free 
from molestation by the Spanish forces. 

On blockade duty off the entrance to Oienftiegos Harbor until the 
night of May 16. 

During the afternoon of May 15 stood out and picked up a small 
boat containing five Cubans who were bringing a message from the 
senior Ouban military officer in the neighborhood of Oienfuegos. These 
Cubans, who had been forty hours in an open boat, were transferred to 
the Marhlehead. 

On May 16, with four of the above-mentioned Cubans on board this 
vessel, proceeded to a Cuban camp located 13 miles to the westward of 
Cienfuegos. After landing the four Cubans and 6,000 rounds of ammu- 
nition and communicating with Colonel Bodrequez, the Cuban officer in 
command, the Eagle rejoined the division off Cienfuegos and that night, 
in obedience to orders from the Navy DepartmentTti^^ division, with 
the Saturn J Hornet j and Vixen in company, left for Key West, arriving 
there May 19. 

On the passage to Key West the UagU communicated information to 
the Flying Squadron, and also boarded the American barkentine 
Minevah, 

The Hagle left Key West on May 21 in company with the Marblekead 
and Vixeny all bound to Oienftiegos, and boarded the British steamer 
Bpeoialist on May 23. 

The division arrived off Oienftiegos on the morning of May 24 and 
found the Flying Squadron blockading the entrance to the port. That 
forenoon the Eagle accompanied the Marhlehead to the Cuban camp 
west of Oienftiegos previously visited by this vessel. Arms and sup- 
plies were landed for the Cuban force and necessary information ob- 
tained, after which Commander McOalla directed the Eagle to return 
to the Flying Squadron at ftiU speed and inform the commodore com- 
manding that Cervera's fleet was not in the harbor of Oienftiegos and 
that certain small vessels were the only ones in that port, which 
information was delivered without delay. 



BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. S51 

That evening the Flying Sqnadion, aooompanied by the Marhlehfody 
collier MerrimaCy BagU^ and Fiivii, left the vicinity of Oienfdegos, the 
commodore commanding signaling that the sqnadron's destination was 
Santiago de Gnba. 

In latitude 19o SO' north, longitude 1V> 36' west the Eagle was di- 
rected to proceed to Port Antonio, Jamaica, for coal, at which port she 
arrived the following morning. 

Port Antonio was left on the morning of May 28, and Key West 
reached on the morning of May 31. Key West was left on the mom- 
ing of Jnne 3, the Eagle carrying mail for the NaekviUej off Havana, 
and dispatches for Commodore Watson, who was fonnd on the Mont- 
gomerfj west of Matanzas. 

The two following nights the Eagle passed on the blockade off the 
port of Matanzas in company with the Amphitritej and then, after coal- 
ing from the L^>anon off Piedras Gay, proceeded to the San Nicolas 
Channel and kept a position between Cay Sal Bank and Groz del Padre 
Light-House to await the arrival of a convoy. 

On June 5 the British steamer Roath was boarded. 

At 9 p. m. of June 7 a bright white light was seen bearing NNW. 
The Eagle was headed for it at full spe^, when it immediately dis- 
ap|)eared. After running some time without seeing anything, the 
chase was abandoned. At 9.45 p. m. a similar light was seen bearing 
N. by E. i E. Again the Eagle started in chase, and soon made the 
private night signal, keeping it up for not less than two minutes, dur- 
ing which interval the white light disappeared and a vessel's hull could 
be distinguished. 

No answer was made to the signal from this vessel. After running 
for five or ten minutes longer the Eagle again made the night signal ibr 
not less than two minutes, but again received no reply. Within a very 
short interval, however, a white light appeared from the chase— appar- 
ently a truck light — and was immediately answered by three white 
lights at about equal distances astern ftp the westward of the first), idl 
then going out almost immediately. The Eagle in the meantime had 
been going toward the first light at ftdl speed, and four vessels could 
now he made out, the first and third seeming of large size, the second 
and fourth quite small. 

The EagU^ now ftilly expecting to be attacked, headed for the third 
vessel in the line, intending to attempt to destroy the last one if attacked 
by all. When abreast the third vessel and within a distance of a mile, 
the last vessel of the four moved up the line toward the first one. The 
Eagle then turned toward the vessels and ran parallel with them, 
within less than a mile, for over half an hour, during which it was 
observed that the first and third vessels carried white stern lights, and 
that all were going at a si>eed of not much over 7 knots. During this 
inteorval the moon rose and these vessels could be quite distinctly 
seen by all on board the Eagle. 

The fact that the private night signals, which must have been plainly 
seen^ were not answered (an omission which would have been almost 
criminal on a United States man-of-war), the white signals, and the 
white stem lights, all went to prove these vessels to be possible enemies, 
in consequence of which the Eagle turned to the westwiurd and hastened 
to Key West with this information for the benefit of the convoying 
fleet, speaking the collier Lebanon en route, and thus sending woid to 
the Dlockading vessels off Havana. When some distance away from 
these vessels the lookout aloft reported one of the small vessels in 
ehaae, but it could not be seen from deck. Shortly after the arrival of 



• » 



852 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

the Uagle at Key West the U. S. S. Resolute arrived and reported hay- 
ing been chased by foor vessels a short time after the occarrence nar- 
rated above and in the near vicinity. 

Arrived at Key West the morning of Jane 8 and left on the after- 
noon of June 10 with dispatches for the commanding officer of the 
Indiana. Delivered the dispatches off Gay Francis on June 11 and 
retarned to Key West on June 12. 

Left Key West on the afternoon of June 14 with a convoying sqaad- 
ron under the command of Capt. H. G. Taylor, and proceeded to the 
vicinity of the Dry Tortugas, joining the army convoy on the night of 
the 15th, and acting as one of the convoying vessels until arrival off 
Santiago de Guba on June 20, when the J^o^^^ was sent with dispatches 
for Bear- Admiral Sampson, who was found about 15 miles to the west- 
ward of Santiago. 

On June 22 the Ua^fle ioined the Qloucester at daylight, and from 8 
a. m. to meridian kept up a fire on the fort at Aguadores. During the 
early afternoon a few shots were fired at some Spanish soldiers on the 
beach. 

During the night of the 22d the Uagle was on guard on the sea flank 
of the army off Baiquiri. 

On June 23 the Ea^gle carried dispatches to the admiral off Santiago 
and ftom him to the senior officer present at Ouantanamo. As the 
Uagle crossed the bow of the Marblehead in Ouantanamo Harbor the 
crew of that vessel appeared above the rail and gave three hearty 
cheers for the Uagle^ which were returned from this vessel with 
warmth. 

On the morning of June 24, by order of Gommander McGalla, the 
senior officer present, the Baale relieved the Dolphin^ taking position 
at the entrance to the channel into the inner harbor to overlook the 
enemy's mine field, support our boats which were engaged in counter- 
mining, and, by means of a search light, to guard against surprise from 
and to observe any movements of the enemy at night. 

Left Ouantanamo in the early afternoon of June 26 and proceeded to 
off Baiquiri and Santiago with dispatches for General Shaftor and Hear- 
Admiral Sampson. In the eveningcarrieddispatchesfrom Bear- Admiral 
Sampson to General Shafter, the commanding officer delivering them 
in person to the latter on the transport Siguranoia off the harbor at 
Siboney. 

Beturned to Santiago the next morning with dispatches for Bear- 
Admiral Sampson. 

The Uagle left Santiago the afternoon of June 27 and arrived off Gien- 
fuegos the following evening, immediately communicating with Gom- 
mander G. H. Davis, the senior officer present. An officer and two pri- 
vates of the Guban army were sent on board the Uagle with directions 
to land them the next morning off the Bio Hondo, provided certain pre- 
arranged signals were exchanged with a Guban force on shore. 

The Uagle arrived off the mouth of the Bio Hondo at 6 a. m. June 
29 and made the prearranged signals until 8.40 a. m., when shots were 
heard from shore and projectiles seen to fall in the water short of this 
vessel. For several minutes no enemy could be seen, although the shots 
were constantly striking nearer and nearer to this vessel and in a good 
line. Finally a large force of cavalry was made out on a plateau back 
of the beach and the Ua^/le opened a rapid and well-directed fire upon 
them. 

The first shot struck in the midst of the enemy and, according to 
information given to our people by insurgents later, killed and wounded^ 



BUBBAU OF NATIGATION. 853 

27 of fheni. The enemy mounted in haste and retreated up the hillside, 
this Tessei oontinning the fire on them, apparently with good effect, for 
an honr, at which time they had reached the back of a ridge over 5,000 
yards distant. 

Abont ten minutes after the JBagle commenced this action the Tank- 
Icm, which was then passing by bound south, was signaled the cause of 
the action and immediately joined the Eagle and did some excellent 
firing at the enemy. Shoruy after the JSagle oeased firing the U. 8. S. 
Dixiej Gommander 0. H. Davis, appeared on the scene. Upon receiv- 
ing a verbal report of the engagement. Commander Davis directed the 
Eagle to proceed to the Guban camp of Uolonel Bodreqnez, 13 miles west 
of Oienfuegos, and land the Cubans at that point. Shortly after the 
Eagle started off, in obedience to this order, the Dixie opened fire with 
her main battery guns, apparently at the same troops previously engaged 
by the Eagle. 

After landing the Guban officer and privates at the camp of Oolonel 
Bodrequez, the Eagle proceeded to the Isle of Pines, arriving early the 
following morning, and from June 30 until the cessation of hostilities 
was engaged in maintaining an effective blockade from the southern 
point of the Isle of Pines to Gape Frauds, a distance in a straight line 
of d5 nautical miles, coaling ship at Key West whenever the necessity 
arose. 

During this interval of six weeks the principal results of the EagUfe 
presence were as follows: 

(1) Nineteen vessels were overhauled and boarded, sixteen of which 
were allowed to proceed and three taken possession of as lawful prizes. 

(2) At daybreak on the morning of July 3, while near Pepe Head, 
smoke was sighted to the southward. The Eagle chased and got within 
about 5 miles of a four-masted steamer, which answered to the descrip- 
tion of the Alfoneo XII, As soon as the Eagle was made out the 
steamer ran away. For nearly an hour the Eagle gained slightiy, after 
which the steamer gradually drew ahead. The chase was kept up for 
a diBtanoe of 59 nautical miles in the direction of Gape San Antonio, 
when the Alfimeo XII was lost sight of. This vessel was run ashore by 
the U. S. S. Hawkj off MarieL within forty-eight hours later. 

(3) During the morning of July 5 a schooner was sighted off the 
southern end of the Isle of Pines and chased close inshore, where she 
was deserted by her crew. When boarded she proved to be the Span- 
ish schooner OaUiio and was seized as a prize. The boarding party 
was fired on from shore, but the attacking party was quickly dispersed 
by a few well-aimed shote from the EagUfe 6-pounders. 

(4) Shortiy before noon on July 12 a large steamer was sighted off 
Gape Francis in the act of chasing three prizes of the U. S. S. IHxie — 
the British schooner Three BeUe and two sloops. The EagU started 
full speed in chase, it being supposed that the enemy's vessel was the 
Spanish armed steamer iSmteivdLeo. for which the Eagle was then on 
the lookout, in accordance with inrormation conteined in a telegram 
frt>m the Secretary of the Navy to the commandant of the naval base 
at Key West. As soon as the Eagle appeared in sight this steamer 
gave up the chase of the Dixi^e prizes and ran for the northwestern 
part of the bight between the Isle of Pines and Gape Francis, the 
Etigle chasing and heading to cut her off. In about an hour's time the 
steamer ran aground on a shoal off Piedras Point. From reliable infor- 
mation received a few weeks later it was learned that she was bound to 
Galoma and was only a few hundred yards ttom a good channel when 
she struck. 



354 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

A small white side- wheel steamer, which had been lying close inshore, 
ran ont to and alongside the grounded steamer at once, bnt left in less 
than half an hoar, when the EagUy which had ran into very shoal water, 
over an uneven bottom, dropped anchor and opened fire on the steamer 
at a distance of about 2,000 yards. According to Hydrographic Office 
chart, Ko. 947^ the Ea^le should then have been hard and fast aground, 
the hydrography in this locality on that chart being entirely inaccurate. 
Just before opening fire, the river steamer left and steamed about to 
the northward, and as soon as fire was opened started for the channel 
inside the San Felipe Oays, followed by an occasional fihot firom this 
vessel. 

It was observed that two large guns were mounted forward on the 
steamer, and as our fire was not answered fh>m these, a volunteer 
armed boafs crew, with the executive officer in charge, was sent ahead 
to board the steamer, if it was found safe to do so, and to take possession 
of her as a prize. At the same time the anchor was lifted, and the Eiigle 
felt her way slowly in toward the steamer with a boat ahead to sound out 
a channel. 

When within 600 yards of the steamer the armed boat^s crew was 
seen to board without opposition. The Eaglet anchor was then dropped 
and a second crew sent to aid the first. 

It was then discovered that the vessel was the Spanish armed steamer 
Santo Domingo^ with two 4.72-inch breech-loading Hontoria rifles, pro- 
tected by shields, mounted forward, and that she was simply packed 
with live stock, provisions, clothing, and other supplies, and that she 
had two 12inch breech-loading rifles secured in her hold. 

All fires in her furnaces were going full blast, with steam blowing off 
at 170 pounds, and no water showing in her gauges. Fires were imme- 
diately haulea by the prize crew. Lunch had been served and only 
half eaten when the officers, crew, tfnd the 6d male passengers deserted 
her and left in the river steamer above referred to. They fied in such 
haste that few private effects were taken and none of the cargo was 
disturbed. Her 4.72-inch guns were loaded and ready for firing, and 
her magazine was open. Had these guns been used she could have 
given the Ea{fie a very warm reception. 

The fire fi^om the EagJ^B 6-pounders was very destructive, many 
shells striking and exploding above and below the water line and doing 
great damage. 

An inventory of the vessel and cargo estimated her value at nearly 
$900,000. 

Every effort was made to get the 4.72inch guns, but after several 
hours' work it was found impossible to move them. Their breech blocks 
were removed and the guns rendered unserviceable. 

As it was found impossible to get the vessel off; as there was a dis- 
tinct possibility of an attempt at recapture (the smoke from each of 
three vessels being visible in the direction of Batabano); as there were 
no other United States vessels within a distance of 200 miles to help 
get the vessel off; as several Spanish gunboats were known to be in 
the vicinity, and garrisions of Spanish soldiers at the various towns 
along this coast, and as it was not certain that the EagU could be 
safely maneuvered at night in the neighboring waters, it was decided 
to burn the prize. She was set on fire at sundown and completely 
destroyed. From reliable information received later it was learned 
that a small Spanish gunboat was a witness to the destruction of the 
Santo Domingo firom a nearby cove. A visit to this vessel several dajrs 
later showed that the 12-inch guns could be saved with proper wreck- 



BUBBAU OF NAYIOATIOH. 355 

ing appIlanoMy «nd that the 4.72-inoli ganB ooald be saved and made 
of use to the senrioe. 

(5) The U. S. 8. Na$hviUe arrived off the Isle of Pines on July 14 for 
the purpose of determining whether a sab-base could be established in 
Sigaftiioft Bay or not. On the 16th the Hagle ran into Siraanea Bay 
on a line previously sounded out by the yMhtnlUfs steam Taunoh. and 
found a least depth of 16 feet of water. On the 17th the NoihfriUe left 
for Key West 

(6) During the forenoon of July 24 the JBiigle chased and captured 
the Spanish schooner I)olare$j laden with grain principally^ and sent 
her into Key West for abjudication. 

(7) On July 26 communication was oi)ened with an insurgent camp 
on Mangle Pointy which was under the command of a Ouban lieutenant. 
Much valuable mformation was obtained, and it was learned that, 
excepting the Al/anso XII and the Santo Damingoj no vessel had 
attempt^ to run the blockade since the Eagle bad first appeared in 
these waters. Arrangements were made for a pilot and for future 
means of communication. 

The n. S. S. Baneroft arrived on the Isle of Pines blockade on July 
28. followed by the U. 8. S. Maple the day after. 

For four weeks prior to the arrival of the Bancroft the JBagle had 
blockaded this entire section of the coast so effectively that, according 
to information received from insurgents and other i>eople on shore, no 
vessel had succeeded in running the blockade, notwithstanding the 
£BM5t that two of the enemy's gunboats were in hiding places in the 
vicinity all the time. 

From this time until the night of August 13, when the news of the 
signing of the protocol was received from the U. S. S. Helena^ the HagU 
was the junior vessel on this station, and was employed on blockading 
duty in and between Oortes and Siguanea bays. 

When the news of the signing of the protocol was received, the Bogle 
was on her way from Siguanea Ba^ to Oortes Bay to inform the senior 
officer present that,^ from information sought for and obtained while in 
Siguanea Bay, the immediate capture of the Isle of Pines without loss 
of life was assured. 

August 16 the blockading vessels off the Isle of Pines received orders 
to leave. 

The BagU reached Key West on August 18, and, leaving there the 
same night, arrived off Hampton Beads three days later. 

During the four months and five days since leaving the New York 
Navy- Yard, the Bogle had covered a distance of 13,605 miles. 

During this interval the health of the ship's company was excellent, 
notwithstanding the fact that the men did not have their hammocks at 
sea. but always slept under cover on deck near their guns. 

The earnest zeal, energy, oheerfrilness, and constant readiness of 
officers and men could not have been excelled. 
I have the honor to be, respectfully, 

W. H. H. SOUTHBllLAin), 

Ueuienoni, U. B. JT., 

The SBOSBTiiBY OF THB NAVY, 

Navff Department^ Waehingtonj D. 0. 
132674. 



OPERATIONS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN. 

(4) THE CAMPAIQX AGAINST THE SPANISH FORCE UNDER REAR- 
ADMIRAL PA8CUAL CERVERA, INCLUDING THE BOMBARDMENT 
OF 8AN JUAN, PORTO RICO. 



857 



OPERAHOn Dl THB VOETH ATLABTIC OCBAV. 

THX OAMPAION AGAINST THR SPANISH PORGBS UNDER REAR-ADMIB AL 
PASOUAL OXRYXRA9 INOLUDINO THE BOMBARDMENT OP SAN JUAN, 
PORTO RIOO. 

Washington, AyrU 13^ 1898. 
Sampson, iCay Wist t, FUl : 

It is stated on the tmth of Herald the Almirantej Oguendo^ and Via- 
ca^a haye left San Jnan. No oonfirmation of reporL 

Long. 



Washington, April 20^ 1898. 
Sampson, Kmf Westy Flo. : 

The Oquendo and Viaeaya arrived yesterday at the Gape de Yen 
Tslandfti 

Long. 



Washington, April 21 j 1898. 
Sampson, Keg We$ij Flo. : 

The Spanish fleet has left Gape de Verde. Destination unknown. 

Growninshieu). 



New York, April 28y 1898. 

Seorxtart op the Nayt, Woihin^on: 

Have jnst received telegram from Gape de Verde, through my 
London agent, that Spanish flotilla is still coaling. WiU stay at Gape 
de Verde until this afternoon. 



New York, April 28y 1898. 

Sscrbtart op Nayt, WiUkinstony D. 0. : 

Gape de Verde advises by telegraph that it is probable part of 
Spanish flotilla leaves to-night. 



Washington, April 29 j 1898. 

Secretary op the Navy, WashingUm: 

Two cruisers, three destroyers, sailed 7 o'clock this morning Irom 
Gape Verde. Destination unknown* 



360 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

New YoBKy April 29, 1898. 

Seobetaby op the Navy, Washington: 

Have jast received telegram from Gape Verde, through London, four 
cruisers, three destroyers, have gone west. 



New Yobk, April 29^ 1896. 

Seobetabt op the Nayy, Washington: 

Have jast received telegram from London that three torpedo boats, 
transport, collier, have gone north. 



New Yobk, April 29^ 1898. 
Hon. John D. Lono, 

Ifavy Department, Washington: 

Have just received telegram from Gape Verde through London agent 
three torpedo boats, transport, collier, returned to Gape Verde on 
account of one torpedo-boat plate damaged. Expected to leave shortly. 



Washinoton, April 29, 1898. 

Sib : Sealed orders have been sent the 8t, Louis by messenger that 
brings this. 
It is very important that both ships should get off immediately. 
Very respectfully, 

John D. Lono, Secretary. 

Capt Ghables S. Cotton, U. S. K., 

Benior Officer Present^ U. S. 8. Harvard^ Off TompkinsviUej K. T. 



Washington, April 29, 1898. 

Sib : Inclosed herewith you will find sealed orders, which you will 
not open until you are at sea and clear of the land. 

You will proceed to sea immediately upon the receipt of this commu- 
nication, and will carry out the orders contained in the sealed package. 

Sealed orders of a similar nature have been sent to the commanding 
officer of the U. S. S. 8t. Louis. 

Very respectfully, John D. Long, 8eoreta/ry. 

Capt. C. S. Cotton, U. S. K., Commanding U. 8. 8. Harvard. 



Washinoton, April 29j 1898. 

Bib : The Department intends to employ you to ascertain whether 
the Spanish fleet, which was lately at the Gape de Verde Islands, 
intends moving upon the West Indies, and if so, to what locidity. 



BURKAU OF NATIOATIOH. 861 

For this parpone yoa will proceed, with the U. 8. 8. Hmrvard mider 
your oommand, immediately to the eastward of the Windward Islands 
and cmise on a line extending between latitude 15^ M' north, longitnde 
590 40" west, and latitmie 14o 25' north, and longitnde W> 30' west 

If yon get no positive information by noon of May 10^ yon will pro- 
ceed to touch at the chief ports of the island of Martiniqne, for the 
|mrpose of obtaining information concerning the Spanish fleet in case 
It Khould have passed yon without your knowledge, and if you obtain 
what you consider to be reliable information as to its presence in the 
West Indies, you may, if advisable, proceed to that vicinity to get con- 
firmatory evidence, being carefol, however, not to thus sacrifice time 
that might be better emi>loyed in giving notice to the commander in 
chief in Cuban waters and to the Depi^tment, as mentioned in para- 
graph 4. 

If you should find the Spanish fleet is approaching, or has entered 
the West Indies, you wiH telegraph the Department and also the 
commanding officer at Key West for transmission to the comman- 
der in chief on the coast of Ouba, or wherever he may be at that 
time. You will then proceed, with your ship, either to observe and 
keep touch with the Spanish fleet, or to personally inform the com- 
mander in chief, either off Havana or wherever he may be at the time. 

The Department relies upon your discretion as to whether it would 
be beat to observe the Spanish fleet, or to proceed to personally inform 
the commander in chief that it has entered the West Indies. 

If the Spanish fleet enters the West Indies, and you have informed 
the commander in chief on the station, you wiU, if he so requires, pro- 
ceed to act in accordance with his instructions, in fhrther observing or 
getting intelligence of the movements of said fleet If he does not 
require such service, you will proceed to a port where there is tele- 

Kphie communication, infbrm the Department, and wait twenty-four 
irii after which, if you get no instructional proceed to Hampton 
Beads, Va. 

In ease yoa should get no reliable intelligenee of the Spanish fleet 
being bound to the West Indies, or if you obtain reliable intelligence 
of its movements or destination elsewhere, you will so telegraph the 
Department and the commander in chief on the station, after which 

Ka will wait at the same place twenty-four hours for oraers from the 
mutment, and if not received, proceed to Hampton Boads, Va. 
ror your information there is inclosed a copy of the orders sent to 
the commanding officer of the U. 8. S. iSt LouUy who is directed to 
emise on a line in extension of the one assigned to you. One of the 
American liners has been detailed to cruise around the island of Porto 
Bleo. 

A copy of your orders has been sent to the commander in chief of 
the North Atlantic SUtion. 

In ease of capture, yoa will, without (ail, destroy or sink these 
iastmctions, as well as any publications of a confidential nature. 

It is very important that you should, if possible, make S36 milea per 
d^ on the passage from New York to your cruising ground. 
Very respectftiUy, 

JoBH D. LoHO, Affontefy. 
Oapt O. 8. OoTTOH, n. & N.^ 

CmMiMmdin§ U.S.S. Harvmti. 



362 BUBSAU OF NAViaATION. 

Washington, April 29^ 1898. 

Sib : Inclosed herewith yoa will find sealed orders, which yon will 
not oi>en until yoa are at sea and clear of the land. 

You will proceed to sea immediately upon the receipt of this comma- 
nication, and will carry out the orders contained in the sealed package. 
Sealed orders of a similar nature have been sent to the commandmg 
officer of the IJ. 8. 8. Harvard. 
Very respectfiilly, 

John D. Long, Secretary. 
Oapt 0. F. GooDBiOH, IJ. 8. N., 

Oammanding U. 8. B. Bt. Louie. 



Washinoton, AprU 29^ 1898. 

Bib: The Department intends to employ you to ascertain whether 
the Spanish fleet, which was lately at the Gape de Verde Islands, 
intends moving upon the West Indies, and if so, to what locality. 

For this purpose you will proceed with the U. S. S. BL LouiSj under 
your command, immediately to the eastward of the Windward islands, 
and cruise on a line extending between latitude 16o 55' N., longitude 
590 50" W., and latitude 15o 38' N., longitude 59^ 40' W. 

If you get no positive information by noon of May 10, you will pro- 
ceed to touch at the chief ports of the island of Guadeloupe for the 
purpose of obtaining information concerning the Spanish fleet, in case 
It should have passed you without your knowledge, and if you obtain 
what you consider to be reliable information as to its presence in the 
West Indies, you may, if advisable, proceed to that vicinity to get con- 
firmatory evidence, being carefhl, however, not to thus sacrifice time 
that might be better employed in giving notice to the commander in 
chief in Guban waters and to the Department, as mentioned in para- 
graph 4. 

If you should find the Spanish fleet is approaching, or has entered 
the West Indies, you wiU telegraph the Department, and also the com- 
manding officer at Key West for transmission to the commander in 
chief on the coast of Guba, or wherever he may be at that time. You 
will then proceed with your ship either to observe and keep touch with 
the Spanish fleet, or to personally inform the commander in chie^ either 
off Havana or wherever he may be at the time. 

The Department relies upon your discretion as to whether itwould 
be best to observe the Spanish fleet or to proceed to i>ersonally inform 
the commander in chief that it has entered the West Indies. 

If the Spanish fleet enters the West Indies, and you have informed 
the commander in chief on the station, you will, if he so requires, pro- 
ceed to act in accordance with his instructions in further observing or 
getting intolligence of the movements of said fleet. If he does not 
require such service you will proceed to a port where there is tele- 
graphic communication, inform the Department, and wait twenty-four 
hours, after whidi, if you get no instructions, proceed to Hampton 
Boads, Virginia. 

In case you should get no reliable intolligence of the Spanish fleet 
being bound to the West Indies, or if you obtain reliable intolligence 
of its movements or destination elsewhere, you will so telegraph the 
Department and the commander in chief on the station, after which 
you will wait at the same place twenty-four hours for oraers from the 
DepartDDienti uid if not received proceed to Hampton Roads, Virginia. 



BURBAU OF MAflQATlCm. S6S 

Fior your informatioii there is indoeed a copy of the orders sent to 
the couiDianding officer of the U. S. B. Harvard^ who is directed to 
cmiiie on a line in extension of the one asnigned to yoa. One of the 
American liners has been detailed to omise aroand the island of Porto 
Bioo. 

A copy of your orders has been sent to the eommander in chief of 
the North Atlantic Station. 

In case of capture yon wilU without fail, destroy or sink these instruc- 
tions, as well as any publications of a confidential nature. 

It is very important that you should, if possible, make 336 miles per 
day on the passage from New York to your cruising ground. 
Very respectftilly, 

JoHH D. LoNO, SeereUarjf. 

Capt 0. F. OooDRiOH, n. 8. N., 

Oinnmamding U. B. B. SL Louii. 



St. Qeobob, Statxh Islakd, 

N0W rarkf April 29^ 1898. 
Navioatioii, 

Aary Dfpartment^ WoMkingUm: 
Understand orders. Oottoii, 

OOODBIOH. 



Washik OTOK, April 29^ 1898. 

Snt: Ton are informed that we have telegrams from Bt Yincent, 
Cape Verde Islands, stating in effect that the armored cruisers I^fania 
Mmria Terua^ Cristobal Colan^ Oquendo^ and Fuoayo, also the three 
torpedo-boiit destroyers Pin foil, Terror^ and Furor ^ sailed, it is claimed, 
for Cuba this morninc^; that at the same time the transports Ciudad de 
CmdiM and San Francueo and the three torpedo boats iiayo, Ariete^ and 
Amot left for the Canary Islands. The transports and torpedo boats 
relumed shortly after leaving port, owing to a slight collision between 
the ArisU and Rayo at sea. 

There are also reports that the Pe2a#o is in Cadis, but this has not 
been confirmed by reliable telegrams, though it is thought to be true. 
The Dejiartment does not find any reliable information of her having 
left Spain for the Atlantic 

In order to obtain information regarding the Spanish fleet above 
■entiuned, in case it should go to the West Indies, the Department has 
sent out two of the American liners, the 8U Louis and the Harvard^ 
to cruise to the eastward of Guadeloupe and Martinique. A eopy of 
the orders to these vessels is api)ended. 

It is also in contemplation to send a third liner to cruise around the 
island of Porto Bieo for the same object; all three vessels to telegraph 
to the Department and yourself as soon as they obtain reliable infor- 
mation. 

Though this Spanish squadron is reported in the telegrams above 
■eotioned as being bound for Cuba, it seems very doubtfol whether it 
would prooeed immediately to your neighorhood, but it might, possibly, 
go into Ban Juan, Porto Kico, or to some other port of that island, or 
to the eastern part of Cuba. It is presumed that if thev do take refiige 
la a port as above mentioned, that movement would be fovorabls to 
joar operations against them. 



864 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

It has been frequently snggested that this Spanish sqaadron, or part 
of it, might proceed to the vicinity of Gai>e St. Boque for the pur- 
pose of intercepting the Oregon and Marietta^ now known to be on their 
way to reenforce you, and which are expected to arrive about the end 
of this month. 

Of course the Department need not remind ^ou of the importance 
of confining the enemy in San Juan, Porto Bico, m case they go in there 
for coal or other supplies. It was a matter of common rumor some 
time ago that the Spanish authorities were preparing an old hulk or 
hulks, loaded with stone, for the purpose of obstructing the entrance 
to the harbor. Whether they have been placed is not positively known. 

It has, of course, been suspected that the destination of the four 
Spanish armored cruisers and torpedo destroyers might be on the 
Atlantic coast of the United States, probably to the northwiffd, for 
the purpose of inflicting what injury they could upon our coastwise 
cities and towns, and capturing such of our merchant ships and smaller 
men-of-war as tney might fisdl in with. If this prove to be the case, 
it may be considered necessary to detach one of the battle ships of the 
squadron operating on the coast of Ouba to proceed to the northward 
and reenforce the Mying Squadron and such other vessels as we might 
have in that region. Therefore, in reflecting upon the situation, you 
must be prepared to entertain the possibility of such detachment. It 
would seem that after such a detachment had been made, the squadron 
on the coast of Guba would be still strong enough to meet any other 
Spanish ships that might appear, or to meet the four armored cruisers 
and the destroyers above mentioned, in case they should leave the 
northern coast and suddenly appear upon the Guban coast; but if 
the four Spanish armored cruisers, after feinting upon the northern 
coast, proceed to the West Indies for the purpose of there joining the 
Pelayo^ Alfonso XIII^ and Carlos F, it would be supposed that our 
northern squadron would foUow them and reenforce you in operating 
against them. 

Of course the above is mostly speculation, and is given to you for 
what it may be worth; the matter of the combinations of the Spanish 
ships being doabtless one that you have reflected upon very much. 
Very respeotfolly, 

John D. Long, Becretarp. 

Bear- Admiral W. T. Sampson, IT. S. K, 

Oommanding U. S. Naval Force^ North Atiantio Station. 



Nbw Yobk, April 30 J 1898. 

Sbobetaby of thb Navt, Washington: 

Have just received telegram from London agent that war vessel is 
proceeding to Las Palmas. Foregoing receiv^ from Gape de Verde. 
Have telegraphed for information whether whole or part. 



Nbw Yobk, April 30j 1898. 

Hon. John D. Long, Washington^ D. 0. : 

Have just received telegram from Gape Verde, through London agent, 
that steamer Avery Hilly on arrival Gape Verde, reports Spanish flotilla 
continuing west ftiU speed. 



BUREAU OF NAYIQATIOK. 865 

WAsmncKTON, April 30^ 1898. 
Sampson^ Jjsy WeitjFla.: 

The Spanish battle 8hii>8 Infanta Maria Tere$ay OriHobal OoUm^ 
Oquendo^ and Vixoaya^ and the torpedo-boat destroyers PluUm^ Terror^ 
Furor left yesterday, it is believed for Oaba; transports Oidade, Oadiz^ 
torpedo boats Rayoj Arietey Azarj and the 8an Francisco for the Cana- 
ries. You are authorized to cut cables south coast of Ouba. 

Long. 



Nayt DBPABTMEKTy WonhingUmj May Z, 1898. 

SiB: There is transmitted herewith, for your information, a copy of 
an order issued by the Department on the 1st instant to the command- 
ing officer of the IJ. S. S. Yale. 

In obedience to these orders the YaU will sail from New York this 
afternoon. 

You win consider this communication as of the most confidential 
eharacter. 

Very respectfiiUy, A. 8. Obowkinshibij), 

Chief of Bureau. 

OOMKAHDKB IH OHIEP IJ. 8. NAYAL FOBCK, 

Norik Attantic 



Vayt Dbpabtmbnt, WaakinffUm^ May it, 1898. 

Sib: There is transmitted herewith, for your information, a copy of 
an order issued by the Department on the Ist instant to the command- 
ing officer of the Yale. 

In obedience to these orders the Yale will saQ from New York this 
afternoon. 

Yon wiU consider this communication of the most confidential 
character. 

Very respectfully, A. 8. Obowninshibij), 

Okie/ of Bureau. 

OOMMAHDEB IN OHHEF FLYHfG SQUADBON, 

Fort Monroe^ Va. 



Nayt DBPABTMBirr, Waehingtonj May i, 1898. 

SiB: The Department intends to employ you to ascertain whether 
the Spanish fleet which sailed fh)m tiie Gape de Verde Islands on the 
morning of April 29 intends moving upon the West Indies, and, if so, 
to what locality. 

For this purpose you will proceed, with the U. S. S. YdlCy to the 
Island of Porto Bico, and will cruise around that island, at a suitable 
distance from shore, until the evening of May 13. If you think pru- 
dent, you will approach and observe the harbor of St Johns, and also 
other harbors, sufficiently to ascertain whether the said Spanish fleeter 
any considerable body of their menof-war are assembled in said ports. 

If you get no positive information by evening of May 13, you will 

Eroceed to St. Thomas, or to any other island where you think it proba- 
le that you might obtain information of the SpaniBh fleet, in case it 
should have parsed you without your kiiowledgCL Whatever condu- 



366 BUREAU OF NAYIGATIOH. 

Bion yon may arrive at regarding its whereabouts and movements, yon 
will telegraph it to the Department. 

If you find the Spanish fleet is approaching, or that it rans into any 
harbor of Porto Bico, yon will, if judicious, telegraph the Department, 
and also to Key West, and you will then procecMl, with your ship, and 
personally inform the commander in chief of the North Atlantic Squad- 
ron of the arrival of the Spanish force. 

The Department relies upon your discretion as to whether it would 
be best first to telegraph the commander in chief and the Department 
or to proceed at once to inform the commander in chief that the fleet 
has entered the West Indies, bearing in mind that it is very desirable 
to telegraph first if possible. 

If you do not sight the Spanish fleet, or hear of its going to the West 
Indies, or should you obtain reliable iniormation as to its movements or 
destination elsewhere, you will inform the Department and the com- 
mander in chief by telegraph, after which you will wait at the same 
place twenty-four hours for orders from the Department, and if none 
are received you will proceed to Hampton Eoads. 

If the Spanish fleet enters the West Indies, and you have so informed 
the commander in chief on the station, you will^ if he so requires, pro- 
ceed to act in accordance with his instructions, in further observing or 
getting intelligence of the movements of said fleet. If he does not 
require this service, you will proceed to a port where there is tele- 
graphic communication and inform the Department that you are there 
awaitinff orders. Remain there twenty-four hours, and if none are 
received you will proceed to Hampton Boads. 

There are a couple of << lookout ships" cruising between latitude 14 
and 17. on a line about 100 miles to the eastward of Martinique and 
Guadeloupe. These ships are the IJ. S. S. 8t Louis and Harvard. 

A copy of your orders has been sent to the commander in chief of 
the North Atlantic Station. 

In case of capture you will, without fail, destroy or sink these 
instructions, as well as any publications of a confidential nature. 
Very respectfully, 

JOHK D. Long, Secretary. 

OoMMANDiNa Offioeb, U. 8. 8. Tale. 



Washikoton, May 5, 1898. 
Sampson, Key Wesi^ Fla. : 

No large army movement can take place for a fortnight, and no small 
one will until after we know the whereabouts of the four Spanish 
armored cruisers and destroyers. If their objective is Porto Bico 
they should arrive about May 8, and immediate action against them 
and San Juan is then authorized. In such case the Flying Squadron 
would reenforce you. 

Long. 



Washinoton, May 5, 1898. 
Sampson (care United States consul), 

Cape Haitienj Haiti: 

Do not risk so crippling your vessels against fortifications as to pre- 
vent from soon afterward successfally fighting the Spanish fleet, com- 
posed of Pelayo^ Carlos F, Vtzcaya^ Oquendo^ Colon^ Teresa^ and four 
torpedo boat destroyers if they should appear on this side. 

Long. 



BURSAU OF NAVIGATION. 367 

Washinoton, May 5, 1698. 
Sampson (care United States oonsul), 

Cape Haitienj Haiti: 

The Internatioual Nayigt^tion Steamship Oompany's nteamers New 
York and 8t. Louie keep a lookoat for the Spanish fleet abont 80 naa- 
tical miles to the east of Martinique and Gaadelonpe. Parie craising 
aroand Porto Bico for that purpose. They will inform yoa if they get 
any reliable information. 

Long. 



Oapb HAXTilENy May 8^ 1898. 

Secret ABY of the Kavt, Waehington^ D. 0.: 

Have received no information of the Spanish armored vessels. I 
request upon arrival of the three American Line steamers to be ordered 
to report by telegraph or otherwise at St Thomas. Lacking the serv- 
ices of these vessels, I will have, to return to the west immediately. 
I shall await answer to this request at Gape Haytien, and if granted, I 
will proceed to San Juan, probably destroying fortifications, establish- 
ing a temporary base at Gulebra Island to the east of Port Bico, as 
entrance to San Juan is obstructed. Upon the arrival of the Spanish 
squadron in the West Indies, I request the Maeeachueette and the Texae. 

Sampson. 



U. S. S. Tale, 8U Thatnae, W. J., May 13y 1898. 

SiB: Oonflrming my telegram of this date, there are no tidings of 
the Spanish fleet. I have the honor to report the arrival of this vessel 
at this port. In cruising around the island of Puerto Bico discovered 
no men-of-war in any of the harbors, except at the port of San Juan, 
where two small gunboats and a large armed transport were anchored. 
On the 8th captured the Spanish cargo steamer Bita^ from St Thomas 
to San Juan, with coal and a small general cargo, sending her with 
prize crew to Gharleston, S. G., as already reported. 

On the 9th, while observing the harbor of San Juan, the armed 
transport came out and drove us off. Had this vessel been armed with 
one or two 5inch rapid-fire guns, I would have captured her. 

On May 10, while observing the harbor of San Juan, two shots from 
heavy guns were fired at us, falling short 

On the 12th communicated wiUi the U. S. S. 8U Louiej having no 
information. 

Opened my instructions at 7.30 p. m. Monday, May 2; reached Puerto 
Bico early on the morning of the 6th. 

Bespectftdly, K G. Wise, 



The Sbobstaby of the Nayt. 



Captain^ Commanding. 



[OoatdeatteL] 

Nayt Depabtmsnt, Waehingtonj May 6j 1898. 

Bib: Beferring to the Department's confidential instructions of the 
6th of April, 1898, to confidential order of April 21, 1898, modifying the 
above in so far as it concerns the blockade of Guba, and to the Depart- 
ment's cipher dispatches of April 21, 1898, and April 26, 1898,'you are 



368 BIJRBA.U OF NAYIGATION. 

informed tbat the Department has not intended to restrict yonr ojiera- 
tions in the West Indies, except in regard to the blockade of certain 
portions of Oaba and in the exposure of your vessel to the &re of heavy 
guns mounted on shore which are not protecting or assisting formidable 
Spanish ships. 

The Department is perfectly willing that you should expose your ships 
to the heaviest gunsof land batteries if, in your opinion, there are Spanish 
vessels of sufficient military importance protected by these guns to make 
an attack advisable, your chief aim being for the present the destruc- 
tion of the enemy's principal vessels. 

The Department writes this letter because it has been intimated by 
civilians, and it is believed by officers of rank serving under you, that 
you are not permitted to take the offensive even against small land 
batteries, and that you must wait to be fired upon before making an 
aggressive movement against any port, no matter how poorly fortified. 

The Department does not think, however, that you have personally 
held this view; but in order to guard against any probable misconcep- 
tion on your part it has concluded to define more particularly its views 
as expressed above. 

Respectfully, John D. LoNa, Beeretarg. 

OOMMANDEB IN OHUBF TTNITBD STATES NAVAL FoBCB, 

Korth Atlantio /Stotion. 
The foregoing series of communications is continued on page 38S, 



114012. 

[Beport of attook upon San Jam.] 

No. 83.] U. S. PLAasHip New Yobk, 1st Bate, 

Key We8ij Fla.j May 18, 1898. 

Sib: Supplementary to ny telegram No. 73, of the 12th instant, I 
have the honor to submit the following report, more in detail, of the 
attack on the defenses of Porto Bico, mtule by a portion of this squadron 
on the 12th instant. 

Upon approaching San Juan it was seen that none of the Spanish 
vessels were in the harbor. I was therefore considerably in doubt 
whether they had reached San Juan and again departed for some 
unknown destination, or whether they had not arrived. As their 
capture was the object of the expedition, and as it was essential that 
they should not pass to the westward, I determined to attack the 
batteries defending the port, in order to develop their positions and 
strength, and then, without watting to reduce the city or subject it to 
a regular bombardment — which would require due notice — ^turn to the 
westward. 

Our progress had been so much slower than I had reason to antici- 
pate, from Key West to Porto Hico, owing to the frequent breakdowns 
of the two monitors, which made it necessary to tow them both the 
whole distance, and also to the disabled condition of the Indiana^ that 
eight days had been consumed instead of five, as I had estimated. 

I commenced the attack as soon as it was good daylight This lasted 
about three hours, when the signal was made to discontinue the firing, 
and the squadron stood to the northeast until out of sight of San Juan, 
when the course was laid for the westward, with the view of communi- 
cating with the Department at Port Plata and learn if the Depart- 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 369 

meat had obtained informatioii as to the movements of the Spanish 
vessels. 

At Gape Haytien I received word firom the Department that the 
Spanish vessels had been sighted off Onracao on the 14th instant and 
dnrected me to return with w dispatch to Key West 

As stated in my telegram, no serious ii\jury was done any of the 
8hii>Sy and only 1 man was killed and 7 wounded slightly. 

The following notes were taken during the attack : 

Weather fiur; very light breeze; long sweU from northward and 
westward. 

3.30: Breakfast. 

4: Call ^<A11 hands" complete clearing for action. Squadron stand- 
ing in for San Juan, the lights of the town being plainly visible, 
DStraii leading; Wampatuek on starboard bow to anchor boat for turn- 
ing stake as provided in my ^< Order of battle" — second plan of action ; 
the other ships in column as follows : lowOy Indiana^ New Jori, Amphi- 
triiej Terror^ and Montgomery. Speed, 4 knots. 

4.58: Detroit inshore, standing across harbor entrance. In this pas* 
sage across the front of the harbor, and very close to the town, the 
TMroit received no fire at all. No Spanish flag was flying on the Morro 
or elsewhere. No Spanish vessels could be seen in the harbor. There 
was one merchant steamer in the inner harbor. 

5: Sounded ^< General quarters." 

5.16: Iowa began firing on the Morro with forward 6-ponnder, and 
then with all starboard battery. Smoke hanging over the ship made 
firing slow. 

5.24: First return shot from the shore batteries. 

5.30: Iowa turned from the batteries, circling to the westward. 

5.59: Made signal, ^^Form column." 

6.09: Made telegraphic signal, ^^IJse only large guns." The smoke 
ttom the smaller guns had b^n interfering with the fire of the heavier 
guns. The column was headed in for the batteries in the same line of 
attack as in the first round. 

6.15 : Detroit seen standing away fh>m the Morro, with the Montgomery 
not test off her port beam. From the time when the shore batteries 
began firing (5.24) until this time (6.15) the Detroit had been lying close 
inshore, between the line followed by the squadron and the Morro, and 
she had been subjected to what seemed a concentrated fire of all the 
shore batteries for all this time, she in the meanwhile pouring in broad- 
broadsides from her own rapid-fire battery. 

6.30: Made signal to Detroit and Montgomery not to follow battle 
ships. By this time all the shore batteries had been developed, and 
fhey were more numerous than the information received had led me to 
suspect 

6.35: Iowa began firing at Morro on the second round; range, 1,600 
yards. 

6.40: Iowa oeased firing. Almost calm; smoke hanging over the 
shore fortiflations, pretty eflEdctually screening them. 

7.12: Amfkitrite signaled, *<After turret disabled for to-day." 

7.16: Iowa began firing on the third round. 

7.38: Signaled to Detroit and Montgomery ^ ^^Beport casualties." 
Beoeived replies as follows: Detroit, ^^0;" Montgomery^ ^<0." 

7.45: /oira sounded, <^ Secure." 

7.45: Made signal, "Form column, course north west^" and hauled 
down the signal at 8.01. 

8J2: Made signal, <<Beport casualties." 



370 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

8.15: The Terror^ which had been lying close inshore engaged with 
the fortifications, ceased firing. 

8.47: Hew York reports <<1 killed, 4 wonnded." All other ships 
reported no casualties, except the Amphitritey which reported the death 
of one gunner's mate from the efiects of heat. 

I inclose copies of the reports of the commanding officers on the 
incidents of the bombardment, including ammunition expended| and 
behavior of the guns and ordnance material, etc. 
Very respectfully, 

W. T. Sampson, 
Bear-Admiralj U, 8. Navy^ 
Oammcmder in Chief ZT. & Naval Force^ 

North Atlantio Stationm 
The Seobbtary op the Navy, 

Navy Department^ Washington^ D. 0. 



114012. 

(Report of action off San Joan, Porto Bloo.] 

TJ. S. S. Iowa, 1st Eatb, 

At 8eaj Lat. 19^ 8' N.y Long. 67^ 53' W., May 13j 1898. 

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the engage- 
ment off San Juan de Puerto Bico, May 12, so far as relates to the 
movements of this vessel, under my command: 

Following the instructions contained in the commander in chiers 
order of battle, the Iowa entered the firing line at 5.15 a. m. 

The crews of the port secondary battery were sent below in the case- 
mate. 

At 5.17 two shots were fired firom the 6-pounder on the starboard 
forward bridge and one shot from the starboard 8-ineh turret. After 
this, the entire starboard battery became engaged. 

Tne fire was directed agaiust Morro battery. 

The speed maintained while passing over the firing line, about 1,500 
yards in length, was from 4 to 5 knoto; and the fire was continued for 
about eight minutes, until 6.25. 

The ranges varied from 2,300 to 1,100 yards. 

The commander in chief having ordered the discontinuance of the use 
of the light battery, all the crews of the starboard battery were now, 
about 5.30, ordered below, within the casemate. 

The ship was then hauled offshore, in accordance with instructionB 
and stood slowly to the northwest, turned again to the eastward, reen- 
tered the firing line, and, followed by the squadron, made two more 
runs, three in all, over the firing line, firing principally at the MoirOi 
but daring the last run some shots were fired at the eastern battery. 

While on the return course, steering northwest after the second run, 
a shell 6 or 8 inch caliber (estimated from the base plug and fragments 
found) exploded at the after-port skid frames, beneath the boats. The 
fragments of this shell wounded three men and injured the first whale- 
boat, sailing launch, joiner work about the bridge, and inflicted other 
slight ii\junes. This shell was probably fired from the eastern battery 
(the most important of all the batteries at San Juan). 

It was noticeable that all shots striking or striking near vessels were 
made when the vessels were on the outer or return course, and the 
greater part of these were fired by the eastern battery. 

At 7.25 this ship completed its third run, and after steaming to the 



BUBKAU OF NAYIOATION. 371 

DCHthwMt the battery was secured, as ordered by the oommaDder in 
chief, and the action discontinned. 

I consider that this engagement has demonstrated the efllcient con- 
dition of the battery of this vessel ander service conditions and the 
acbnirable spirit of the officers and men. 

The smoke hanging abont the ship and aboat the batteries dnring the 
enga^renient so obscured the latter that the fire of this vessel was ren- 
dered very slow. The breeze was extremely lights force aboat 1. 

There was a long gronnd swell setting to the southward. 

The battery of this vessel is now in lul respects ready for immediate 
service. 

Oa$uaUie$. — The following men of this ship^s company were wounded : 
O. Merkle^ private, marine, compound comminuted fracture, right elbow, 
serious; J. Mitchell, seaman, wound of back, sixth intercostal space, 
about 3 inches in length, not serious; B. 0. Hill, apprentice, second 
class, slight contused wound of back. 

InjuritM to the huU. — No projectile struck the hull proper of this vesseL 
One shell, 6 inch or 8inch, exploded in the skid frames, port side, abreast 
the after 8inch turret The fragments of this shell wounded 3 men, 
passed through the sailing launch, and made several holes in the stan- 
chions, ventilators, galley funnels, and other deck fittings. One of the 
fragments probably struck the Gpounder cage mount on the starboard 
aftv side of the forward bridge, breaking and jamming the training 
securing bolt and also jamming the gun pivot. This iiyury has been 
repaired. 

Other fragments of this shell did considerable injury to the joiner 
work on the bridge. 

Another shell or shrapnel exploded above the boat skids on the star* 
board side and inflicted trifling wounds upon the escape pipes, smoke- 
ateeks, etc. 

The injuries above summarized are indicated in detail on an accom- 
panying sheet, apiiended and marked A. 

In firing the last round fn>m the after 12inch turret, at abont 15<> on 
the starbMrd quarter, the following injury to the hull was inflicted by 
the blast of the discharge: 

The deck planking on the starboard Quarter is badly pitted by the 
iiDconsnmed powder prisms. Some of these pits are two inches deep; 
an evidence that the gun does not properly consume its powder charge. 

The hatch plate, newly fitted at the New York Navy- Yard in Decem- 
ber last, was torn fh>m its bolts and thrown back toward the gnn, clear 
ot the hatch. Two of the holding down bolts were broken and several 
of the lugs on the plate cracked. The plate is very slightly twisted* 

The deck beams, frames 82 and 83, abreast the cabin skylight hatch, 
■lariboard side, have been sprung and are out of line in the transverse 



Thb bulkhead about the cabin doors between frames 79 and 83, star- 
board side, is torn fh)m its hangers on the beams, the rivets being 
sheared. 

The deck over the after torpedo room is not sufficiently strong, and 
the Mast of the 12-inch gun, when trained forward, made sufficient pli^ 
to the deck to break the hangers hanging the training-trolley circle of 
the starboard torpedo tube. This is the second occasion upon which 
Ikis aeddiot has occurred. 

Tha blasi of the forward 12inch gun smashed the partition forming 
tha caplaia'a slashing room in the pilot house. This shoald be Bade 



372 



BURBAU OF NAVIGATION. 



AmmunUUm npended. 



Vorward IS-ineh tonal 

After IS-lneh turret 

Forward •tarboud 6-iiioh tnnet 
After etarboard 8-lncli turret. . . . 

4*iiioh on brldfe 

A-ineh forward main deck 

4-inoh midehip main deck 

6-poQndera 

l.ponndera •■••••>••■■•••••••..•• 



First. 



4 
9 
8 
8 

11 
11 
84 

48 
7 



Second. 



8 

t 
8 
8 









Third. 



4 
4 
4 
2 








TMal ^^^ 
nmnd..»SS?- 



11 

8 

10 

8 

11 

11 

84 

48 

7 



18 
18 



48 
7 



All 124Dch shell used were semiarmor-piercing shell. 

All Sinchy 44nch, and 6-poaiider projectiles were common shelL 

All charges used were full service charges. 

The slowness of the fire was occasioned by the smoke. 

DtfecU in ammimition. — ^Many of the 8-inch cartridges were fonnd to 
be badly tied, and the tie-end too long. This cansed considerable delay 
in loading. The bags are also not sufficiently stiff and break very 
easily. 

TKe battery J a>ccident8 to or defects developed in. — ^The bonnet on the 
rear part of the casing of left rammer, forward 12-inch turret, gave way 
while loading the third round. The injured bonnet was cracked and 
broken through radially and along the circumference of the rim abaft 
the strengthening band. This bonnet has been replaced and the rammer 
is now serviceable. But attention is especially invited to the fact that 
this is the third time (September 12, 1897, October 23, 1897, and May 12, 
1898) that this accident has occurred. A new rammer was received 
August 25, 1897. 

It is suggested that new spare parts be ordered by telegram, and 
that in the ftiture the parts be made stronger and of forged steel. 

The elevating gear of the 8-inch after turret is damaged by the bend- 
ing of the vertical shaft, the design being faulty. Repairs are now 
being made and will be completed to-day, but the defect is liable to 
reappear. 

Very respectfully, R. D. Evans, 

Captain^ U. 8. N.^ Commanding. 

The OOMMANDEB IN Ohief TT. S. Naval Foboe, 

North Atlantic Station. 



Appendix A. 

1. Shdl loraped port quarter of seoond whaleboat, tore off oentral portion of keel, 
bent down part of second skid f^ame (from aft) nnder same boat. 

2. Fragment of sheU paeeed through quarter of aailinff launoh and hit boat box. 

3. Several holes from same shell in bow of second whueboat and first cutter. 

4. Hole in fourth skid frame (from aft) near port stanchion. 

6. Fourth port sidd stanchion (from aft) ; hole in starboard side near top, also 
three dents. 

7. Two holes and a dent in after port Tentilator on upper deck. 

8. One smaU hole and several small dents in after smoke pipe (below skids). 

9. Fifth port skid stanchion (fh)m aft), two holes near base. 

10. Hole in deek planking, Just forward of after stack; fire small holes in deck 
near fifth port skid stanchion. 

11. Seven small holes in port middle ventilator. 

12. Two holes apd a dent in forward galley smoke pipe. 



ftURBAtJ Of* NAVIQATION. 373 

15. Fncmeni of shell •traok 6-poaodeT carriage (No. 9 gun), on forward star- 
board bridge. 

14. Frag ment hit lower oomer of battle hatoh plate for forward starboard hateh, 
laside snperstnietore. 
IB. Fragment tors off starboard forward hammook oloth. 

16. Fragment knocked oat third and f >nrth steps and starboard sidepieee of the 
port mahogany ladder from the forward bridge to tiie flying bridge. 

17. Pieoe of shell stmok the wall of Btarb<Mkrd forward tnrret, merely cntting the 
paint. 

18. Fragment of shell from starboard side stmck steam-esoape pipe abaft forward 
smokestack. 

19. A large dent in the same pipe, about 3 feet from the deck. 

20. A fragment broke in the mner cap-sqnare bolt on left side of No. 18 gon (6- 
ponnder). 

21. Hole through port dynamo>room TcntUator. 

22. One small hole and a dent in port forward Tcntilator. 

23. Cat out a piece of after railing, port side, on hatch over fire rooms 3 and 4. 

24. Bent and gouged 3 bars of gratings oyer same hatch. 

25. Thrse fra^ents of shell strnck starboard aims chest (opposite port forward 
8-ineh tuzret). One passed entirely through ohest. A small fragment also stmck 
port aide of top of the port ohest. 

38. Two dents in the port side of Ibnrard smoke pipe, near deck. 

27. Dent in small pipe for wire controUinff whistle (port side). 

28. One hole near bottom of starboard miadle Tcntilator. 

29. Hole in lower part of starboard dynamo-room Tcntilator. 

30. Hole in after coaming (starboard) of hatch firerooms 3 and 4. 

31. Two holes in exhaast steam pipe, abaft forward smoke pipe, about 4 feet from 
deck. 

33. Hole in forward aide of starboard rain-dothes looker. 



(BBgSie«B«twtlhfertiat8BB Jasa, Porto Blee. Msy 11. 1898.] 



114012. 



B. 69.1 U. 8. Detroit, 3d Batb, 

At Beoj Lot 190 (yr' JT., L(mg. €7^ 57' W., May 13j 1898. 

81B : I have the honor to submit the following report of the part 
taken by the U. S. S. Detroit in the engagement with the fortifications 
^ San Juan^ Porto Rioo, on the morning of May 12, 1808. 

After reoeiving the order frt>m the torpedo boat Porter to precede 
the flagship, taking soundings, the Detroit stood in until I judged her 
to be about one-half mile fh>m the reef; she then stood east until Fort 
Oanuela and the western end of Cabras Island were in range, when she 
was headed east by south. Shortly afterwards IM frtthoms were 
obtained, and from the appearance of the rollers I judged myself too 
&r in and headed off to east by north until abreast the eastern end of 
Cabras Island, when she was again brought to east by south. When 
the western batteries of Morro were screened the ship was turned short 
around and headed toward the entrance of the harbor. By stadimeter 
measurement on the light-house she was found to be 1,100 yards fit>m 
the Morro. In this position further developmentB were awaited, the 
crew at quarters, the guns loaded, but breechblocks open. 

Very few signs of life were observed on shore. Signals were being 
made at the semiphore station, and a few men were seen hurrying about 
the Mono, apparently carrying rammers and sponges. With the light 
as it was it was difficult to aoourately determine the position of the 
guns. 

At 5J.5, the Joira having commenced firing, opened fire with the port 
battery on the nOTthem fSce of Morro: frequent pauses were made to 
aHow the smoke (which was very dense) to dear. As the Iowa 
approached our quarter, cease firing was sounded, in order not to 



374 BUREAU OP NAVIGATION. 

obscure her view. At tliiB time guns were seen to be firing from the 
eastern forts, the shot dropping outside of us. When the Iowa was dear 
the firing was recommenced, a portion of it being directed at the eastern 
forts. This was continued, until the fleet passed, cease firing being 
sounded whenever it was judged our smoke would interfere with the fireof 
other vessels. After the Terror passed, the ship was turned and followed 
her out. By this time shot were dropping on all sides of us, but at long 
intervals. They appeared to be the result of chance and not of accurate 
aim. The ship was not struck and no casualties occurred. During the 
remainder of the engagement the ship remained out of range, in obe- 
dience to a signal not to follow the flagship. 

The behavior of everyone on board was excellent. The only fault I 
have is a tendency to fire more rapidly than the circumstances justified. 
From this cause and the ground swell a considerable amount of am- 
munition was wasted. There being no junior officers on board Passed 
Assistant Paymaster Arms volunteered to take charge of the after 
powder division and Paymaster's Olerk Iglehart to act as my aid on 
the bridge. 

The battery is practically in the same condition as before the engage- 
ment. The only difficulty encountered was with the elevating appara- 
tus of the two 5-inch pedestal mounts on poop and forecastle. With 
both, the elevating arc and worm were scored and pieces were chipped 
off from the force of recoil or jump. Otherwise, that of the new mount 
aft (with strengthening band for arm for elevating arc) did fairly well, 
but worked stiffly at end of engagement. With the mount forward, 
reported on in my letter to the Bureau of Ordnance, of November ll, 
1897 f 128-97), the bracket arm on top carriage for bearings of elevating 
shaft oecame so much bent [that] the upper part bore hard against the 
elevating arc with only a row degrees elevation. It was necessary to 
use a wrench to obtain elevation. Since the engagement it has been 
bent back into position, but I feel confident it will do the same thing 
again after a few fires. One missfire was experienced with 5-inch com- 
mon shell and one shell dropped from its case in loading. No other 
trouble was encountered with ammunition. 

The only injuries sustained by the vessel or her equipment were the 
result of the fire of her own guns, as follows: 

Gig opened out and somewhat shattered from the blast of guns under- 
neath. ^I had intended to lower this boat and set her adrift in case of 
action with vessels.) 

Trifling ipjuries to joiner work and electric wiring in cabin from blast 
of 5-inch gun on poop. 

One stanchion in cabin (18 feet from center of gun mount) slightly 
bent by blast of 5-inch gun on poop. 

Two stanchions under forecastle (4 feet from center of mount above) 
slightly bent 

The following ammunition was expended: 

Five-inch, common shell, 175 rounds; 6 pounder, common sheU, 123 
rounds; 1-pounder, common shell, 20 rounds. 

The report of the executive officer is inclosed herewith. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, 

J. H. Dayton, 
Comma/nderj U. 8. N.y Commanding. 

OOMMANDBB IN CHISF IJ. 8. NAVAL FOBOB, 

ISorth AfUvntio Station^ 



BUBEAU OF NAYiaATION. 375 

U. 8. 8. DsTBOiT, 3d Rati, 
At Sm, Lmt. 1S9 (rr y.. Long. €7^ 6T W., Mmg IS, 1898, 

8n: I hAT«th« honor lo report the following iigarias this ship aiutaiiiod from the 
^onevMioii oeeanonod hy the firing of her own gnns during the eDgAgomont with 
the Sui JoAB btttteriee yeeterdftr. No iiHnriee from enem^. 

Gig ooomdorshly shftttered ; donbtfnl if aho oui be rep»ired. 

Iron etaaohion nnder foreoMtlo deck, 5 feet 2 inohea m from etnter of gun mounts 
^ineh, bCBt S inches ont of line. 

Iron sinnnhlon nnder forecastle deck, 4 feet from center of gun moont^ 5-inch, bent 
three-fonrtho [of snl inch ont of line. 

Iron stanchion noaer poop deck, 17 feet 3 inches aft from center of gon moonty 
6-inehy bant If inches ont or line. 

One battle plate for air port had a hinge broken and another bent. 

Some light woodwork OTorhead in cabin and ward room was loosened, portions 
dropping down. 

Very reepectlnUy, C. £. Colahan. 

Jiiiifwisaf Co n si as if n" aad JEssoafiss OMmif.. 

The CoMMAiiDiMO OrncKR, 

a. & & Dsfrsil. 



U. 8. 8. Dsmorr, 8d Ratb, 
At Sea, Lai, ISO or N,, Lomg, 67° 57' W,, Mag IS, 1898, 

8im: In accordance with requirements of paragraph 525, United States Nayy Regu- 
lations, I hare the honor to make the following ropprt in regard to the engagement 
with the shore batteries of San Joan do Porto Kico, which occorred yesterday. 
There were no noteworthy incidents. The conduct of all officers and men was excel- 
lent, all expressing a great eagerness to be engaged. The engagement did not offer 
opportonities for discriminating in regard lo the conduct of either officers or men. 
Ail were cool and nnder excellent con^L 
Very respectfully, 

C. E. COLABAH, 

lAm i tmamUCemwkamdi&r amd EieacaUva Qflssr. 
The CoMMAHDnra Officke, 

U. 8. a. DairaiL 



ii40ia 

[Bepott «f eagK—wit otf Ssa Jsi, May 11.1 

U. S. S. Tbrrob, 2d Bate, 
At Seoj Lot. 190 8* N., Long. 67^ 54' TT., May 13j 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to sabmit the following report, iu obedience to 
signal of 9^ a. m. to-day and in compliance with article 275, United 
States Navy Begnlations, 1896: 

At 4 a. m. May 12, weather dear and pleasant, wind light, easterly, 
and the sea smooth, this ship was in her position in colomn, at distance 
in aooordance with plan of battle No. 2. The lights of the city of San 
Joan de Puerto Rico were in sight on the port bow, the coarse being 
S. S. B. ^ B., magnetic At daybreak sighted high land on starboard 
bow. Called all hands, cleared ship for action, and went to general 
quarters. At about 4JS0 the flagship Jotro, leading the column, opened 
fire on the battoies, heading east by south. The other vessels in column 
opened fire as soon as range was attained, the MatUgamery and Detroit 
firing, the former from a position outside of Fort Canuelo, the latter 
lying under the Morro. The forts and batteries replied briskly to the 
fbre of the squadron. The Terror opened fire at 5.13 fh>m starboard 
6-pounder, immediately followed by the forward turret and then the 
after turret, as soon as guns rould be brou^t to bear. The smoke was 
so thick nnder the Morro Hill and in the harbor that I ceased fliinff fm 
sevenil minutes and stopped the ship to await a clear chanc 



376 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

obliged, however, to keep station, and proceeded. Oar first shots were 
fired into the inner harbor in hopes of striking any vessels anchored 
there, the smoke being so thick I oonld see nothing. When the air 
cleared a little, I could see that the harbor was unoccupied, and fired 
no more shots in that direction. 

The Terror made the circuit three times, each time approaching 
closer to the batteries, and during the third round stopped, with bot£ 
turrets on starboard beam, and fired at a battery which seemed to be 
the most vicious, situated a short distance to the south of the Morro. 
I saw one shell from the right gun, forward turret, explode in this bat- 
tery. I threw several shells across the neck of land, hoping to strike 
any vessel in the inner harbor. The fiagship made signal at about 
5.45 to use only the large guns. The secondary battery then ceased 
firing, and the men were ordered to take cover behind the turrets or 
below the armored deck. 

I have no idea of the amount of damage done to the batteries, but at 
about 6.30 I observed a very noticeable diminution of their fire. When 
the Terror came out, at 8.45, the batteries pitched shell after her quite 
rapidly out as far as about 6,000 yards. This vessel came away at a 
speed of about four knots, in obedience to signal from the flagship. 
Not a projectile struck this ship at any time, although a fuse and some 
small pieces of shell were picked up abont the decks. 

I am most gratified to report that the conduct of every ofQcer and 
man under my command was everything that could be desired. The 
forward turret division. Lieutenant Cofifman in charge, was more 
especially under my observation all the time, and all hands were cool, 
alert, and full of enthusiasm. Lieutenant-Commander Garst took 
especial charge of the after end of the ship, with Lieutenant Dunn in 
charge of after turret. Ensign Terhune, in charge of the secondary 
battery, assisted Lieutenant Qualtrough in signals after fire from that 
battery was discontinued. Lieutenant Hubbard f J. O.) had charge of 
the berth-deck division. The engines respondea promptly to every 
signal made, and everything connected with them worked well. 

The turrets worked well. The right gun of forward turret was 
delayed a few minutes by the pressure gauge of recoil cylinder break- 
ing, but the turret chamber gauge was used afterward. One rammer 
in after turret required a few hours' repair work upon it. Otherwise, 
both the main and secondary batteries of the Terror are in as good a 
condition as before the engagement, and are iJl ready at any time for 
further service. 

The electric control of pneumatic steering gear promptly failed, a 
ftise blowing out within ten minutes of the time of starting in. The 
pneumatic gear was at once connected and the ship was steered from 
the forward loading room. The electric control is inside the sighting 
hood of forward turret, and the helmsman can get some idea of what 
he is doing by a look out of the peepholes. I kept slow speed and 
used the engines when necessary to assist the helm. 

The electric primers were unsatisfactory, and the firiction primers 
practically worthless. Both forward guns (turret) were disabled at the 
same time by the vents choking up and requiring to be bored out. 

Absolutely no damage was done to the ship by the enemy's fire, with 
the exception of the loss of part of the leadsman's apron, port side, 
which was carried away by a shell passing near it. The forward guns 
were fired within a few degrees of right ahead, and the after-turret 
guns were fired right astern. Beyond a little shaking up below, no 
damage ;ra8 done. The whaleboat and gig were considerably shaken 



BUREAU OF NAVIQATIOK. 



87? 



up 1^ the blasts of guns at extreme train forward and aft, bat no dam- 
age was done that can not be repaired by oar own force when oppor- 
tnnity is given to do so. 

The appliances snpplled to the ship to ezclade water from base of 
turret have been found worthless for that purpose, and I had fitted a 
canvas apron, secured to the turret by lashing and lacing, with another 
lashing below the base. By taking off the lower lashing the turret is 
free to revolve when the four securing bolts are slacked up. This apron 
{perfectly excluded water, aud I have discarded the apparatus supplied 
to the ship. The turret ports are so very low that measures had to be 
taken to exclude water when the ports are out. This I accomplished 
by using hammock canvas with holes cut and roped to fit the guns 
tightly— K>ne piece, about 12 feet long, with two holes for guns and 
lashea all around the turret very taut, the upper edge stopped to e^e- 
bolts in the top of the turret. The canvas was made sufficiently wide 
to admit of extreme elevation with the lower edge inside the upper 
lashine of the apron. I have carried the guns run out since leaving 
Key westb The turrets were braced inside to prevent any motion. In 
addition, wooden braces, as shown in sketch below, were made on board 
togo ander the muzzles, and are secured to the deck in heavy weather. 




These, of coarse, are all makeshifts, but they have answered the purpose 
of taking a low freeboard doubled-turreted monitor, without barbettes, 
on a cruise nearly a thousand nules from her nearest home port and of 
putting her into action. 

The amount of ammunition expended was as follows : 

Turret gnns. — Thirty-one cartridges, full charge, lO-indh; 31 common 
shell, 10-inch, loaded. 

Secondary battery. — ^Thirty- three steel shell, 6-ponnder; 6 common 
shell, 3-ponnder; 16 steel shell, 3-ponnder: 29 steel shell, 1-pounder; 40 
common shell, 37 millimeter B. 0. Also 20 electric and52 friction prim- 
ers were expraded. 

I transmit herewith reiM)rts concerning the engagement from the' exec- 
utive officer, the ordnance officer, the four division officers, and the chief 
engineer, aU of which are approved. For your ftirther information in 
the premises, additional reports are forwarded of the amount of ammu- 
nition expended, of the amount remaining on hand, and of the condition 
of armament and magazines. 

Very respectfully, KrooLL Ludlow, 

Captain^ U. 8. N.y CammanMng. 

The COMMANDBB IN CHIEF IT. 8. NAVAL FOBGB, 

Xartk Atlantic Btationj U. S. Flagihip New Tcrt. 



U. 8. 8. Tbrboi^ 
At See, UL 19^ S' N., Lomg. er^ Si' W., Mae IS, 1898. 

8ib: I bftTe to report ifaat the oondaoi of aU oflSoen and men coming under my 
notice in jeeterday's engagement was, withoat exception, ezceUent. 

The eonooasion ana to the firing carried away an iron deck deat on the bow, broke 
the breakwater benohei^ epmng and broke the flooring of upper bridge (port aide)! 



378 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

broke three frames, the baokboard, the thwart bearer on each side ; polled the thwarts 
away from bearers, and sprang the seama and bntts Ib planking of the gig, and broka 
the flagstaff at the soaring. 

very respeotfnlly, P. Garst, 

lAeittenanUCammander, U. 8, N., Executive Officer » 
The Commanding Offickb. 



114012. 

(Xngsgemeiit of New T^rk with batteries at San Jaaa.] 

Ko. 22,] n. 8. Flagship New York, 

At Sea, May 13y 1898. 

8iB: I have the honor to make the following rei>ort of the attack on 
the forta at San Juan. Porto Bico, in which this ship was engaged: 

AU hands were called at 3 a. m., and the crew went to breakfast at 
3.30, at 4.56 went to quarters, and stood in, third in column, as by the 
order of battle laid down by the commander in chief^ this ship following 
the movements of the Iowa and Indiana and making a circuit of the 
batteries three times. 

The following are the times: First circuit, commenced firing at 5.27 
a. m., ceased 5.45; second circuit, commenced firing at 6.55 a. m., ceased 
7.11; third circuit, commenced firing at 7.29 a. m., ceased 7.46. 

Time from open fire to cease fire, two hours and nineteen minutes; 
time engaged in firing, fifty-one minutes. During the whole period, 
from 5.27, when we began firing, until 7.46, namely, two hours and nine- 
teen minutes, the ship was under the fire of the enemy, which at times 
was very heavy. 

A great number of projectiles struck in the vicinity of the ship, 
chiefly passing beyond, but the ship itself was struck but once, namely, 
by a 6-inch shell, which came aboard about 6 feet above the after end 
of the superstructure deck, taking off the top of the after stanchion 
on that deck, exploded, killing 1 seamen and wounding 4 at the port 
waist 8-inch gun, totally destroying the tburth cutter and the port 
searchlight, piercing the ventilators and smoke pipes in many places, 
and making a number of small holes in other boats. This shot struck 
about 7.40, as the ship was making her third circuit and was headed 
out from the batteries. It is supposed to have been fired from the 
eastern battery, then about 5,000 yards distant. 

Everything worked well on board the ship, except that considerable 
difficulty was experienced from the jamming of primers in the vents of 
the d-inch guns, causing the lock extractors to break, and in the after 
turret the locking catch on the face plate of the right-hand gun jammed 
and had to be repaired, causing considerable delay in the firing of the 
gun. There should be a spare lock provided for each 8-inch gun, there 
being but one in the ship for six guns. The conduct of the officers and 
men was most commendable. 

The following ammunition was expended: Fifby-five rounds 8-inch, 
one hundred and twenty-eight rounds 4inch, one hundred and thirty- 
two rounds 6-pounders, nothing under 8inch being used after the first 
circuit was made in column. 

The efficiency of fire was no doubt somewhat less than it ought to 
have been on account of a very heavy swell setting in fit>m the north- 
northwest, evidently the remains of a heavy gale to the northward. 

The ranges used were from 3,500 to 1,500 yards. 

The only injuries to the ship, excepting those named as occurring 



BUBXAU OF NAVIOATTOH. 379 

ihroagli the explosion of tbe 6-inch sliell, were from the concosaion of 
ifariiur the 8-inoli gone, by which the flooring on the starboud side of 
the forward bridge was started and partially blown away, the wings 
of the after bridge stowed on edge alongside the snperstmctore shat- 
tered, as also the starboard waist search light; the starboard life bnoy 
was also blown away. 

The slightness of iigory is extraordinary, considering the incessant 
Are to wluch tilie ship was subjected for so prolonged a period. 
Very respectf ally, 

F. E. Ohabwick, 
Captainj XT. 8. N^ Oommandingm 
The OoMMAiiDBB nf Ohibf. 



U. 8. Flagship Nsw Tobk, Ist Rati, 

Lat IS^ 8' N., Lang. er> 58' W., May IS, li9i. 

On: In aoeordMioe with p«rftgnph 525, 17. S. NaTj BsffnlvtioiiB, I haye the honor 
to sabmit feho following report on the engagement of mb Joan de Pnreto Rico on 
May 12,1898: 

The erew went to general (^ nartere at 4.56 a. m. The attaek was made in eolnmn, 
naaaing the batteiiee three timei^ the I&wa (flagship) leading, foUowed by Indiana, 
ifew Yirh, AmpkitriU, and Tmntr, The DttnM preceded the flagihip and lay oloee 
under the batteries, tne Momtaomery remaining to the right of the entrance. 

The /owe opened fire on the Morro at 5.231 The Nmo York opened fire at 5.27 at 
batterr on westward £iee of If orro, distance about 2,500 yards, and oeased firing ai 
6.51, the nearest battery being abont 4,500 yards on oease firing. 

On the second passage the New York opened fire on Morro at 6.55, distant abont 
8,200 yards. The prineipal fire was directed against middle battery. Ceased firing, 
after tnminij^, at 7.11, distant abont 4,000 yards. 

On the third passage the i^aio York opened fire on Morro at 7.29, distant about 
2,900 yards, the prineipal fire, as before, being directed against middle battery. 
Ceased firing at 7.46, distant abont 4,500 yards. During the second and third pas- 
sages the S-inch guns only were fired. 

Total ammunition expended, fifty -fiTO S-inch, one hundred and twenty-eight 
4-inch, and one hundred and thir^-two 6-pounder. Considerable difficulty was ezpo- 
ilenced firom the Janmiing of primers in the Tents of the 8-ineh guns, causing the lock 
estraetors to break, and in the after turret the locking cateh on the face plate of the 
right>hand gun Jammed and had to be repaired, causing eonsiderable dc^y in the 
firing of the gun. There should be a spare lock provided for each 6-inch gun, there 
being but one in the ship for six gnus. 

The New York was struck by a shell which exploded over the nort afterpart of 
superstructure deck, the fragments flving forward and spreading, Killing one man 
and wounding four others, two seyerely and two sliehtly. All these men were in the 
crew of the port waist 8-incli, and were struck by fragments of shell flying forward 
and downward. 

This shell completely wrecked the fourth cutter and fittings, the port waist search 
light, and pieroed the Ihnnels and rentilators in several places. The whaleboat and 
second steam cutter were also damaged bv fragments of the shell. 

The shell was fired from the eastward battery at a distanoe of abont 5,000 yards, 
and was a common shell, cast iron, estimated caliber 8 inches. 

The starboard life bnoy was earried away by the blast of guns and lost orerboard. 
Both wings of after bridge, stowed on edge alongside of superstructure, were badly 
shattered and were thrown orerboard. The starboard waist search light was also 
shattered. 

The main error in the enemy's marksmanship was in estimating the range, most of 
the shell passing orsr the ship when within range of ^ns. 

The conduct of all who came under my obMrvation was exemplary; everyone 
showed coolness and determination and pmormed his duties in a creditable manner. 
Very rsspeetfiillyy 

W. P. POTTXB, 

XisalsBMii-CoBuasa^ir. WixeomHwe OMoet» 
The CoMMAmof o Ovncnu 



d80 BUftEAU OF NAYtGATtON. 

114012. 

[XBSag«B«Bi of IndUmm with Sao Jum batterfM M^f 11.] 

STo. 166.1 TI. S. B. Indiana, 1st Batb, 

At Sea^ May 14y 1898. 

Sib : I have the honor to report the part the Indiana took in the 
engagement with the batteries of San Juan, Porto Bico, May 12, 1898. 

Dnring the night of May 11 final preparations were made for battle, 
and at daylight, following the movements of the Joica, which carried 
your flag, I approached the entrance to the harbor, opening fire npon 
the Morro at about 4,500 yards, and continued a gradiuJ approach east 
by south until within 1,500 yards, at which i>oint the Indiana turned 
in the wake of the Iowa and returned to the starting point. This round 
was made a second and third time under practically similar condi- 
tions, except that in the second and third rounds the Indiana stopped 
for a longer period in making the turn in order to keep her starboard 
broadside bearing longer. It was necessary to cease firing frequently 
while the smoke from the fleet and the batteries obscured the enemy's 
positions. The total number of projectiles expended was 187. 

This ship was not struck, and there are no casuidties to report. 

The turrets, guus, and mounts are in good condition and unaffected 
by the firing. 

I desire to commend the executive ofiBcer, Lieut. Oommander J. A. 
Bodgers, and all officers and men for the good order and absence of 
confosion which prevailed. 

I inclose the report of the executive officer. 

Very respectfully, H. 0. Taylor, 

Captainj Oommanaing. 

The OOMMANDBB IN ChIBF, 

U. S, Naval Force on North Atlantic Station. 



17. 8. S. Indiana, Ist Rati. 

At Sea, May 13, 1898, 

Bib: In aocordanoe with paragraph 525, United States Navy Regulations, I hare 
the honor to sabmit the following report relative to the engagement with the forts 
at San Jnan, Porto Rico, on the morning of the t2th instant : 

The behayior of the officers and orew while nnder fire was, in my opinion, 
excellent. 

There was no damage done to the ship except a slight ii^ary to the woodwork and 
boats, cansed by the blast of the ship's guns. 
Very respectfaUy, 

John A. Rodobrs, 
lAeutefUMi-Commander, U. 8, 2f., Exeoativ0 Offietr. 
Capt. H. C. Taylor, 

Cpmmanding U. 8, 8, Indiana. 



114012. 

[Bsporl of engsgement off Ssn Jnsii lisy 19, IMS.] 

No. 18.] TI. S. S. Amphitrite, 2d Batb, 

At 8eaj May 13 j 1898. 

Sir: In obedience to your signal of this morning, I sabmit herewith 
a report regarding the action off San Joan, Porto Bico, on Thursday, 
May 12, 1898. 

Accompanying same are reports firom Idents. O. N. Atwater and 



BUBEAU OF NAVIGATION. 381 

V. O. Ohase. (7. 8. N., officers in oharge of turrets; also sabmitted is 
» report of toe execative officer, as required by regalations. 

The vessel is nni^jared so far as the actton is concerned, not being 
stnick by the enemy's fire. Most damage was done by the fire of oar 
torret guns. The concnssion destroyed the gig and railings on the 
saperstmctore, bnt nothing that destroys in any degree the efficiency 
of the vesseL 

A most important fisMSt — and one to which I ask yonr attention — ^is the 
utter lack of any system of ventilation below, causing during action, 
when everything must be closed, a heat so intense as to render it 
almost impossible for men stationed there to remain at their posts. 

This is particularly the case in the after turret, the heat yesteorday 
causing the death of a gunner's mate on duty there. This death was 
the only casualty among the ship's company. 

This vessel has been in commission for over three years, and almost 
continually on cruising duty, service for which she is entirely unfit. 

During the past winter as a gunnery-instruction ship at Port Boyal 
the turrets and machinery thereof have been in constant use, and 
though repairs have been kept up as fi&r as the ship's resources would 
allow, they need a thorough overhauling by a navy-yard force; and at 
present I consider the turret machinery unreliable, and likely to give 
out at a critical moment when [it] should be expected to do [its] best 
work. 

The following ammunition was expended during the action : 

Seventeen 10-inch shells (14 common, 3 armor-piercing) ; thirty 4-inch 
shells; thirty 3-pounder shells; twenty- two 6- pounder diells. 

I forward also a report from the chief engineer, made upon my 
written order, showing condition of department, and stating what 
should be done to place engines and dei)endencies in an efficient 
condition. 

This vessel was in reserve at the navy-yard, Norfolk, from May 7 to 
October 2, 1897, and though the yard ibrce in different departments 
were at work at odd times and the engineer's department almost daily, 
it was necessary on arriving at New Bedford, October 8, after leaving 
Hampton Beads on October 4, a run of four days, to make repairs that 
necessitated remaining there for about ten days beyond the time 
contemplated by the Navy Department. 

The conduct of all on board during the action was excellent, and 
every officer and man did his duty. 
Very respectfully^ 

Ohas. J. Barclay, 

Captain^ U. 8. N. 

The GoMMANDEB nv Ohibf. 

U. 8. 8. AMPRmuTBy 3d Rate, 

At Sea, Muf IS, 1898. 

8ib: In ftccordanoe with pftrafCTAph 636, N»y&I BMralations, I h»Te to make the 
foUowinf report of yesterday's engagement with the forts at 8an Juan, Porto Rioo ; 

The ship leoeiTed no damage from the enemy. 

The foUowing damage resulted from the blasts of the turret ffans on the main 
deek : The upper part of the doors in forward and after hatches blown off. Tops of 
both eapstans ouried away ; the forward capstan lifted abont 3 inches, and two 
friction balls lost. Upper deck: Gig smashed, whaleboat earboard strake started, 
and boat spread slightly. Switch box on stariK>ard side blown away. Ten feet of 
rail capping on st^board quarter and one brace butt carried away. Hammock 
eloiha blown awav. Joiner work in chsft honse and wardroom shaken down or 
started. On berth deck : Anchor engine pipes split. One plank under a stanchion 
in Junior officers' quarters started. 



382 BUREAU OF NAVIGATION. 

On going into action both main and secondary gnns ware oaed, but rery soon 
•inal was reoeiTod to nao anly tlie main battery. 

Fonr-inch rapid-fire: At fifth shot the releaser stop sorew of the starboard ran 
broke short oif near head. Breech ping of port gun snifted, causing a delay of Tees 
than one minate. Spare plag shipped in port gun and worked well (haying been 
tried in both guns preTionslyT. Releaser stop screw can be drilled oat of pine. 

Not of firing wire eame adrift and was lost. Shifted one from port gnn, replacing 
it with extra nnt. Delay aboat fifteen seconds. 

Port 3-poander (Driggs-Schroeder breech mechanism) : Two miss fires. As soon as 
port battery was disengaged, replaced spring and no more shots were fired from this 
gnn by reason of diseontinaing fire from light guns. 

Upon firing the after- turret guns at extreme train forward, the shield of starboard 
6-pouuder was dismounted, two lower shield bolts and upper after shield bolt being 
broken short oif. As soon as the after-turret guns ceased firing, this shield was 
sent below. 

On the engaged side, with the after-turret guns trained forward of the beam, the 
6-pounder, after 1-pounder, and 3-pounder guns oan not be manned. 

Standing order in the division to abandon these gnns under above circumstances. 

The above eifects the whole upper-deck battery on the engage