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Bailey-Bayley Family Association 

m;i.ii A r 

Andover, Mass., Aui^ust 16, 

1894- '^'1 

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TiiK Soi-ond Annual ( iai hi'iiiiu of tlu' IJailcy-IJayU'V Family As- 
sociation was lield at Aiitl(i\ cr, Mass., Auiiusl 10, 1S!)1; ilic llrsl 
liavini;- bi'cn lic-ld at Caiiohir Lakt', X. II., .\ii<^iist ITi, 1M»;;. 'I'lir 
exercises were conducted j^inerally acc-<jrdiu<;' to tlu' tdllow iu'.;- 
prograninie which liad been eiiculated |iriiir to the ineitinij,. 
OKI) 1:1; oi' i:\ i:i;( isi:s. 
AT 10.:;i) A. M. 
1. OjK'iiiiiL!; Prayer hy the ('ha[)lain of tlu' day. 
'2. Address of weK'onif hy the Pri'sident, .loiis .\. Itvii.KV. 

;}. JM\isi(;, Nieliols' llonu- ()rrhestra of Haverhill, .Mass. 

4. Pejiort of tlie Secietary, .Ioiin 'l\ \)\\\\:\ . 

5. Report of the 'rreasur(!r, .Iamis IJ. 1!\iii;v 

6. Ekn-tion of Oilii'ei-s and (Nmimittt'es for the tnsiiiiijj. \far. 

7. New IJusiness. 
S. Sinj^int,'. 

I II w 1:1;. 
AKTKKXooN i:.\ i;i; i:i:(isi:. — l.oH i'. m. 
9. iMusie, Nichols' Home Oicheslra. 

10. Original Poem. 

11. >injiin!j;. 

PJ. Pi'cilation, Miss Pi;ai:i. Mi;i;i;ii.i., Salem, N. H. 

l;;. A(hli-ess, Pi:v. A. F. Uaii.kv, liradfor<l, Mass. 

14. .Music. 
1.'). Pcmarks by lln- President of the ilay, Uoi.i is \l. I'.\ii.i;v> 

F-^i,>rii;i:, ( 'anil)rid<4c, and others. 
Ki. SinniiMj,-, "Aidd Lan<; Syne.'" 

In accordance uilh llie |)i(i<i-raiMne themeetini:- was called loor- 
iler in diri' time l»y liu- President of the day. Mollis II. Pailey, 
Ksij., and prayer s\ ;is oi't'ered l-y the Ile\. \'incent .Moses <if \Vesl 

si;( i;k i \ii\ s ki:im»ki-. 

Xc'wbui-}', Mass. 'IMif Addrc's.s «»f Wi'lcoinc was tlicn liivcn hy 
.loliii .Alfred Uaik'y which follows this icpoit t»t |in)cccdiiii;s. 

The Xicliols Iluiiu' Ori'lK'stra, whii-li is coiiiiidsimI cntiii'ly of lU-- 
sceiidaiits of the IJaiiey Family, very kindly vohintei'rcd their ser- 
vices and their several seleetioiis were well rendered and iiiiicli 
enjoyed and theii' kindness highly ai)|)reeia(ed. 

The Seeretai'v then made the reportof the last year's uatherini^, 
whi( h u as the iirst previously lield, as follows : 

About a year a^o we met as a reunion of tin- llailey Family, 
Avlucli was mostly of the descendants of Kichard UaiU-y of K'ow- 
ley, ^lass., the gathering being held at (."anobie Lake, N. II. 

Although that iirst meeting was an informal t>ne, yel there was 
a good atten(bvnce and much intei'est was manifested in it. We 
realized a jjU-asant surprise both in the number, the j)ersons, and 
the enthusiasm of the meeting. 

Three Stall's of New England were represented, ."Maine, Neu' 
Hampshire and Massachusetts. Wi- were ind(d)tt'il for thegathei- 
ing to the courage aiul enterpiise of .Mr. John Alfii'd iSailey of 
Lt)well, and we were eual)led to liold the reunion wliere we ilid, 
through tlie generosity of the pr(»|>iietor of grounds, .Mr. Abel 

It was exceedingly interesting to meet so many of similar name 
and of kindred blood and having the nn>st cordial sytn|»athy with 
ea(di other. 

The novelty of our Iirst meeting pi'rlia]»s, we cannot ex- 
pect will be c(mtiniiously repeated, yet there will always l<e as w c 
nu'ct onward, matters of interest assoc-iated with sutdi gatherings. 

Aftei- the exchange of many introductions, salutations and con- 
gratulati(Mis and inti-resting conversations of our respective pedi- 
gree, the nu'eting was called to order at 'J. In e. m., by Mr. John 
.\lfred IJailey of F(twell, Mass., who must l)e regarded as the father 
of this nu)vemenl. 

I'rayei- was then offered by the IJev. ^'incent .Moses of \\'es| 
N'ewbur\', Mass. Then '>.Vnu'rii-a" was sung, led by Fben II. 
Hailev, Fs(j., of iJoston, Mass. 

.\ permanent oruani/at ion was then effected by the electimi ot 
tdlirei's foi- one \i' ir. 

rm; ii.\i i. i:\-iia v i.i:v i'amii.v assoi ia i ion, 

'I'lic folio will 14 otlirci's \vri\' clc'clctl: 

President, -loliN Al.KlM.H i>All.i:v ot' f.owell, .M;lss. 

\'ice I'lisicU'iit, — l»i:\. Ar<a sirs l'\ ISaii.iov of l>i;i<lfor(l, .Mass. 

Si'iMctai y, — .loiiN T. r>Aii.i;v of Soiiu'iville, .Mass. 

TreasiiriT, - .1 A\i i:s IJ. IIaii.i^v ()f Law I'ciice, Mass. 

.\ Coiiimittee of Ari'aiiueiiieiils of ii\c in uddilion to tlic offici rs, 
to wit: l{i;\'. \'i\(i;ni' .Mosi;s of West Ni'wlnii'y, .Mass.; 
1{. I!\li.i:v, Ks(,). of ( '.uiiltridne, .Mass.; .Mi;s. .Mil. ion Im.i.sw tUMll 
of llowley ; ()i;iN 1). I)\ii.i;v of Lakepoil, X. 1!.; I.i riii:ii r).\ii.i:v 
IJooi.u.s of I'at ten, .Maine. 

.\ collertioii was then solicited by a ( 'oininittce from llic asseiii- 
lil\' and l)lank cards were dist lilmted to secure the names and ad- 
dresses of 1 hose pi'eseiil. 

Tlu'iH' weic found to )»e about two hundred in - ultciidance. 

^ome interestinu; exercises were then had. 

.Miss I'l-arl .Merrill of Salem, X. II., yave a pleasino- ri'citatioii, 
and IJi'V. A. V. j>ailey of IJradford, Mass., oa\ f a very instructive 
and inti'i-estinji; address, t'lnlu-acinti; in a condensed form the his- 
tory of tlu' ancestry of our family. .\ name for our oruani/.ation 
was then (dioseii, whicdi was that by whiidi we are always to In- 
known,. "Tin: Uaii.i; v-l)A V 1.1; V Family .Vssoi i.\ tion." 

A vote of thanks was extended to Mr. Aln-l Dow for <fcn('i-ously 
opeiiiiiLrhis ^'rounds for our use witliout charLje ; and a vote of 
thanks was also oiveii to .Mr. John Alfred Ilailey i'or his etforts in 
callini'- the niCH'tini^ and to the Kev. A. V. Hailey for liis addiess. 

rpoii invitation of S. (Jilmaii llailey of Andovei', ^Alass., ti> meet 
in Shady Side Urovi' at lla^uelt's Toiid for our ne.xt annual i;ath- 
('rin<4, it was vote<l to accept the inxitation and to hold tlu annual 
meeting tlii're. 

Si-ned, JOIIX T. II.MLKV, Srrrrhoy. 

.\ft('r ri'adiiiii- this rc|>ort wlii< h was accepleil, the report of tlie 
'I'rtasurcr, James IJ. Hailey was^iveii show ini;- that the expenses 
of till' former meetiiie- and other incidentals had Ihm'Ii met and a 
small Italance of <-ash i-em,iine(l in the treasury. 

Then was held the eleclicui of otlicers and the following weri- 
elected for 1 he clisuiliu- N'ear. 

i:i i;i rioN tu' ofi'ki.ks. 

VrcsUhnt^ \\\.\. i\i(;( SITS F. Ivvil.i:v of Unidfofd, A[;iss. 
Yir.Li I'nsiili iits^ ll(i[ K. Hvii.iiv of Cuinbiiduc, .Muss.; .1. 
\Vai;i;i;.\ I5aii,i:v of Soincrv ilU', Afiiss. 

7'/vv/,s7c/V7-, ,1 AM i:s \\. r)Aii.i;v of Lawrence, .Mass. 

('oiinnittii' of Arrini(/(iii(iiti<^ .]it\\s A i.i'i;i;i) l>\ii.i;v of f.owell, 
.Alass.; |{i;\. \'i.V( i;\t .Mosks of Wi'st Xewliui y, ."Mass.; Okuin D. 
n.vii.KV of Lakeport, X. II.; ]\Iks. A. K. 1 )oi,iii:ai; of .Mcdfonl, 
.Alass.; Alits. .Mii.roN Ki.i.sw oitrii of Ifoulev, .Mass. The i'rcsi- 
(lent, Vice i'l-esideiits, Secfetary aii<l Treasurer, were also made 
iiK'iiibers of this (Joimiiittee. 

^Vs new business, a connnittee on gxMieahigy was (diosen, consist- 
iiiU" of the foHouing persons: 

I{e\. A. F. r)ailey of Bradford, ]Mass., for llie IJicdiai'd IJailey 

Ilollis \\. Haih-y, Ks(]. of Cambridge, ]Mass., foi' the .lames BaiU'\' 

.Mrs. .Milton Kllsworth of Kowley, Mass., for the John Hailey 

"^riie foreiKxm e.xercises (dosed witli a recitation by .Aliss I 'earl 
]Merrill of Salem, X. 11., and tlie singing of "America" Ity the 
wlnde gathering. 

"^riie afternoon exercises consisted of music, recitations by .Miss 
.Merrill, the singing of an appropi'iate hymn, a<bi])ted foi" the occa- 
sion and tlie reading of an oi-iuinal poem for the author, Kev. .\. 
V. Hailey, by ^Miss Lois A. C'arleloii of Plaistow, X. IL, an address 
by tlie orator of tlie day, IJev. \. F. P)ailey of Bradford, remarks 
by .1. ^Varren Hailey, Esq., and an address l)y the President of 
the day, Ilollis If. I>ailey, Esq. of C"and)ridge. 

The poem was written and tlie hymn was adapted for the occa- 
sion by tlie K'l'V. .V. F. I)ailey. 

The hymn, poem, oration and address are appeiideiL 

The ser\ ices «dosed with singing '-.Vuhl Lang Syne.'" 

'iiii. i; aim; v-it.v ^ i.i; V I'amii.v assixiaiimn. 

Address of John Alfred Bailey, 

•i:i;sii)i:.\ 1' ui' iiir; associ a i lov. 

I)!,-!) I II i:i;s, Sis!'i;iis a\I) 1''i;ii:mis: — It is with imicli idcisiiic 
lii;it I luiik into tlic iii;iii V iiitcllin'ciit, (•oiiiitciianct's lictdic iiic, ii|)(Hi 
this t Ik' si'roiiil aiiiiiial natlu'i'inii- ot' tlic HailrN' l-'amiU, and imti' 
thai ivind I'roNidciirc has ]i(iiiiittc(l so many of lis to rcasscnihlc 

i)Ut tiiis pleasure is ininulcd w itli a tiiii;'t' of sadness, u lien we 
call to mind, that, the t^rim reaper, Di-ath, has heeii anions; us, and 
cut (low n some of tlii' l»i-i<j!;h(i'st, ami l)esi of our niimher. 

In the l)ustle and excitement which is inseparably eonnect<.'d 
with the striifi,'i;le for our daily bread, an occasion like this, when 
we can meet toixctlier, and t^^rasp the hand of brotherly friendship, 
and know thai the words of kindly «j;i-eet iiii;' c(niK' from the lieait, 
such a <lay is like an oasis in the desert, to the weary tra\tder, and 
tends to raise us nearer the ideal of true manhood and womanhood. 

The thanks of this body are due to our host for tin- da}', Mr. 
S. (iilrnan lUiiley, for the use of his lovely ^rove, and the many 
acls of courtesy from himself and family. 

It, perha|)s, ina\' not l)e ueiierally know n, tha*^ within a ritle shot 
from this place, is what has bi-en known in the Kt'cords of old 
Andover, as the Uaik-y District, whiidi was almost entirely owned 
by memliers of our family, and that the Uaileys were e\'eii then de- 
termined to make themsidves a naiin', was e\ ince«l by the lai^e 
number of (diildi-eii sent to the district sidiool. 

Aiiotln'i- fact should not escape our notice, tlu- l^ailey uiils ha\(' 
lieeii sought foi- in marriaut' l'\ some of the <list inu'iii>lie(l names 
in .\meri(Mn llistoiy, and thus the history of the I'liiled Slates is 
in>eparal)le fnmi that of the liailey I'amily. 

Ibit I am icmiiided that there is coii>iderable business to ciune 

witliin tlu' limits of tlir nioniiiiH; session, and I will not o('cu|(V tlic 
tinu' in icitcratino- what you aln-ad}' kiunv so well. 

I tliank you all for tlu' honoi- confeniMl upon nu', in (.'KH'lin<4 nic 
as your I'l-csidcnt for tlic yeai- lS9o-J, and Irust yon will ui\«' to 
my succH'ssor in otlice tin.' samt' friendly sui)i)ort w liicli has liecn 
accoidc'd to nu'. 

In c'om-lnsion, allow me, on l)ehalf of the Association, to extend 
to all present a most eordial weleonu' to our ixereises. 

HYMN.'TKn i\\ i:K\ . A. I'. \; >iii,i:v 

in.KST r,K THE TIK. 

'I'lnic. hinttis. 

Illcst be tliu tie that hinds 

In hiiiu'st love <mr souls ; 
'I'lie iCrmwsliii) of kiinhed l)lu(i(l 

( )ur uiiiou ever hlllll^. 

Wv share tlic IJailey name, 

( )iir trilmte^ to it luiiij; ; 
Our tears, cnir 1ii»im',-.. oiir aims arc one 

W'l'. Jons in ciimniim sinj;. 

We share our mutual \vol>. 

( )ur mul ual l)ur<lens Iti'ar; 
Au<i iil'tiMi for caili nilici- tldws 

'I'lic .-yni)iatiiiu^ ti'ar. 

Wlien we assuudcr part, 
"I'w ill ^i\i' Us iiiuai'd ]iaiii : 

Vcl \\f shall siill l>r joined in heart. 
And lui|ie 1(1 lucel auain. 

Ol!I(;i\.VI. I'OKM. 


iiv iti;\-. A. V. i!.vii.i;v, vkk im!i:siih:\t. 


•'Hiclianl IJailoy," says Dr. Toor, "wlio dii'd sdiuctimc Itctut'i'ii 
1<)47 and lOT)!), owm-d an t'stati' iii Kow Icy, Massacliusctts, and 
was (inc ot" the coTiipany that set up the first clotli mill in Amer- 
ica, wliich was in Ifoulcy, wiici-c tlio mills stand that arc owimmI 
by iMr. Dnnimci- at the present time. There is a tradition in the 
family to the present (hiy that he canu' from Voikshirc, Knglaml, 
(later investigation slu)ws tliat he came from //<a/ip.s/(irf,) 
sometime about IGHU or 1();{5, and Joshua C'otlin says Kiehard 
IJaiiey came with IJiehard Dummer, in the ship IJevis, ont' hun- 
dred and fifty tons, IJobert Batten, Cajtt., in April, l(j;iS, when he 
was fifteen years old. It is said he was a very pious peison, and in 
a storm, wlien coming to America, the company wouhl call ujion him 
to pray for their safely. His wife's name was Ednah llolsliad, 
by wliom he liad one <diild wliom they called .loseph. 


As one i)ure (hnj) out of the ocean's mass, 
Caujilit by mystic hands as tin; l)rcc/.cs jiass; 
As dfw a))iicars uji the dessert's strand, 
The air to cool and irii^ate tlie hiiitl, 
Its mission l)riel', luit lasliiij; in its powers, — 
A i)reseMt momeiii ruliii^i luliiie liours — 
So was thy lite, lioni u lu res(H'"er it rose. 
In lUitoii's Isle, vain seeking its repose. 


I' 111': I! aim: v-r.A^ i.i:v I'wiii.v assoi i a iiov. 

\ lioy t liy.-clf. yet inauly were tliy aims, 

In staiulinj;- liuiiililc. iiolilc in thy claims; 

Of tlnisc tiiou wfit, whose stiTii and martyr lives, 

At naajiht set despots, edicts and their jiyves. 

And hy their protests, so controlled its helm, 

As to lilac- ti-eedom in the IJritish realm. 

A youth wert thoii, yet <;eiitle wast thou hred. 

Thy .soul a soil, uood, honest, richly fed. 

'I'liut. took to \ irtue as to the manor hoin, 

NMiich. hy relijiitiu, never was forlorn: 

And when its sun lirst struck thy openinj.^ life. 

Then "(irst tlie hlade, the ear. the ctun."' was life. 

Sweet youth thus early did thy name a])i)ear 
\Vith those who knew no slavish fear — 
.\ roll of fame, transcending' all of earth, — 
'i'lie recoril of a holy iMUisciencc-liirth. 

And ^vith sundere<l ties thy face is turned, 
^Vhere scttini;- suns in hurnislied i;huy hums. 
And savant' forms in man and nature reijiii. 
To lind a freeihun, tho' if were with pain. 
Thy «-oiidiict, thus, thy i haraeter re\ tal.>. 
And sluidy make, in I'v'iy iti'in's-scals 

When in the (dutch of fempest's duel hands 

Thy hreath. like Christ's, set free I he rudder-hands, 

And calmed hy lu-aveii, through prayer. c;irth"s tumult wild 

Thyself a simple. lo> al-hearted child. 

Thou early ])assed, so hrief was thy career; 

A nameless <;rave thou hast no need to fear. 

An son unwortliy now will siii<f thy ja-aise; 

A higher sonji' futurity shall raise, 

^Vhen thy life-work new heaven and I'arth i>roclaim 

Its harvest, sure, to re-instate th> name. 

I'.iit tho' thy life was all too hrief, 

'I'cl life's end met, 'tis not all yrief ; 

A Joseiih tilled (uir liiehard's jilace. 

And ei<;ht-ft)ld hranches s])read the race 

Of Ki(diard. ^'et anoiher was 

.\ Xewjiort llichard. We can't jiause 

<»i!i(i{vvr. i'oi:\i. 


Orr .I;iMics, Kiia.s and llciii>; 

N'lir o'er live .l(iliii>. a iii taini v ; 

And three Sams, and 'I'lieoph ilii>, 

l"'<nir 'rii<hiiases and Vielndas. 

I!<'n jaiiiih, ( • uidu, Joseidi, so, 

And imknowii Itnlieils. iwo, us (tii we <;ii. 

Witli .Idiias iiiaUes the uhtde we know. 

'I'he dilfriiij;' ways of sixdliiii; liailey, 
AVi' meet witli. as we udtiee, dail>'; 
And witli sn littU- <d' aeeord, 
We say, "tlie s( lidol-Miariiis aren't ahi'oad 
I''(>r (d' these ways, as sonict are tidlinj;' 
'I'liere arc thirty-live ways of siiellin^'. 
And if tlii.s doiTt iniuh <;fiiius show, 
>Ve'vi' lost its ealliiij; here Ixdow ; 
Tims wi; liavt' Hiiiley with tlie "i", 
And also IJayley with the "y", 
And while all are of the same feather, 
i have seen them spidl-ed withont either: 
Hut what may he the cogitation, 
■'i'is tlie same tune with vaiiatioii. 

In tifty-live of roUiiii;' yeai-s 

(Mir name in twenty-live aiijiears. 

These, the aiieestial stars whieh shone 

In thosi' sti'rn skies and wint i y /oni' : 

These the nanus id' that IJailey hand, 

AVho lirst pressi'd this \ew Kn>^laiid strand, 

And whose descendants, Inrn wonld we. 

To tlion^hts of them, onr ancestry, 

To huild fore'ei- some heacon now. 

Whose li«iht shall shin<' the future thioii^h. 

That we may trace each fam'lN tree. 

\Vhi( h shall com a in our liisioi \ . 

Tlii'ii let each one look iiack and trai'f 

The honored pathway ot their ra<'e, — 

That race a<lvai'ci<l hy other name. 

And other naiiu's its honors i laim. 

Thus cousins, all. we iiu'ct and own 

.\ coininon lieii>liip in 1 he t luoiie. 


Tin; iiAn.i;v-i!Avi.i:v famif.v association:. 

IJiiidiuH nil, wild tlie Hiiilcy name 
Or blood — for 'tis with us the saiue — 
We tare not how their stations lie^ 
JJindiiij; in kinship's mystic tie 
'The common name and common bliKxl, 
'I'iie haihiuf^er ot varied ;;()od. 

As streams oft seek some central laki', 

And there a-common aspect take, 

There diff'rin<;- ijualities made one, 

And one, as their complexions run; — 

Thonj;h eoniing from the fountains, whence 

They sweej) a wide circumference; 

So we of various JJailey hlood, 

Here aie (uie ag-^rcffalive flood, 

And represent th' whole family 

From lake to ^ulf. from shore to sea. 

How then, sIkhiIcI this re-union hind 
Hi sacred ties our iH)mnion-k)nd ; 
Witli what (iiiick'nin<;- insiiiralion 
liift each to the hi<;hest station; 
Till whate'er vhtues man may claim, 
May he found in the IJailey name? 
And thus in deed as in name t' be 
A citidel of imrity. 
Its ri<;lit hand, a defensive tower, 
Hs lelt hath vict'ry's laurel liower, 
Stronj; to defend the rij;hteous cause, 
And to seek ])cace by sacred laws; 
And by this thus unite the clans 
In each virtue of th' Puritans. 

Thus with no superstitious mind, 
Ourselves and others to remind 
Of wliat we are and whence we came. 
And what's emliraced within the name. 

How ju'oper this, h()W just and ri^ht. 
To ki'cp I he aiuH'slry in si<;litl 
How ill tlu' .Sci ijit iires do we read 
(M much ^enealo;;ic, said; 
How caieful they in liistiny, 
To know their utmost jK^linree; 


DKiciN VI. i-(ii:Nr. 


Wv liail with ulail^diiic licails and init' 
'I'liis cljoit l)in(liii<;- ll^ uiu'w — 
\\'liilc' lii'avc'ii itself iiisiiiifs vlu' tlunif, 
.\s by a iioly apotlirj;!!!. 

Xttw are all records kcpi with laic. 

])y Icjiislal ion 'tis a strict altaii : 

AN'hile vaults and locks doiihly ^iian 

What liiiths, deaths, mariia^i's alt'ord. 

\>y curious art iu ( hisciicd stone 

Are seem in eenieteiic^ aloni': 

While <;enins on the painter's part. 

And hnsy i)hoto>iraidiic art 

Are used liy us with varying late 

Ourselves thus to iierjict naie. 

And lackini; these our lather's tame, 
Scarce dimly left their wmthy name; 
N'or can we trace the dilft'riiiL; \\a.vs 
Their widi' jiosterity disi)la.\s. 

"I'is wise and widl as we to-day, 
With {^eneolo^ic scrutiny. 
Shall trace our se\cial iiedi^rees. 
And on (Uir wreatiis of loyal claim, 
inscrihe th' anci'stral liailev name. 

14 IHK u.\ii.i:v-i:.\vr.Kv i'.\Afii,Y associatiox. 

Address of Rev. A. F. Bailey, 

VKK rnKsrt)i:NT of thk assxX iation. 

Hiiving or<j;aiiize(] an Assoi-iatioii to cinhfacc all of the IJailc}- 
IJayk'V name, we become interested in e\ei y tirm<4 whiili iclates 
to tlie etymokitiv of the word, its apjdieation to thint^s and to per- 
sons, the individuals who at different times liave brought lioiior to 
it, and tlie time wlien and tlie ])erst)ns by wliorn it was borne to 
and i)lanted on our shores, as well as every oiu^ in our broad land, 
who Ijears tliat name or who with a ehan<j;e of name liolds consan- 
guineous i-elation thereto, 

Bailey, as a W(»rd, is <lerived throui^h the French IJailie from 
the middle-age, Latin liallium, which is a corinption of the Latin 
Vallum, a rampart. The Bailey was tlie whole space enclosed 
within the external walls of a castle, with the exception <tf that 
covered b}' the Keep. This space was variously dispos:a ot, and 
of course differed greatly in extetit. Sometimes it consisted of 
several courts, which were divided from each other by embattled 
walls, so as to form a series of foitilications. WHien those courts 
were two in number, they were known by the outer and inniT 
]^ailey. The entrance to the Bailey was generally by a draw-bridge 
over the ditcli, and through a strong machicolated and embattled 
gate. The Bailey was <)ftci\ of great extents c )ntaining the bar- 
racks of the soldiers, lodgings for the workmen and artitici'rs, 
maga/iiies, wells and chapels, and sometimes even a monastry. In 
the towns the IJailcy had a wider signilication, and the name was 
often retained after the castle or 'dvecp" luul hmg disappeared. 
( Kncycdopi'dia.) 

In a correspondence with tlu' author of the w(dl known poem, 
"Festus," .Air. Bhili|) .las. Bailey of Lomlon and a native of Xot- 
linghamshir", savs,— "The name, as you probalily know, is of 

AODitKss or i;kv. a. r. iiaukv, 


Kclto-Uritish (irin'in, and siniiilii's a kc'cj) or tower, or mural t'orti- 
liratioii as llic iiaiiu's of S. l\'U'r's Ic Uaili-y, (orin-tlie- l>aik'y,)ot' 
Oxford; Tlio Old and New IJailcy, London; Tiic liailcy's l)Mr- 
liani ; Tlu' naik-y Tower, ll<i\\tli Hill, Dulilin ; and other places 
siittieiently show. 

.My father's fanidv appi-ars to lia\-e Iteeii i ndi^-enons, oni' may 
say, at Nottinyham, as tln-re are traces of it to he found in his '\\u- 
iials of Nolls'" for sevei-al i-enturii's." 

So far the aitplieation of names to thin<j,-.s. How the}' became 
applied to persons is at best a matter of conjecture. It \\a> of 
course in the same way that other names were fornie(| by oui' 
English ancestors. Says a writer on the oriu'in of names, "Our 
English ancestors had for persmial names (Munpoiind w<n-ds, as 
noble Wolf (Etlielwolf) ''Wolf of War" and so forth, ami these 
names certainly testify to a somewhat primitive and tierce stage 
of society. Then came imu-e vidgai' nicknames ;ui<l personal 
descriptions, as "Long," 'd'.rown," "White," "IMack," and why 
not "(ireen," "Little," "Small," and so forth. Oilier names are 
directly di-rived from tlie occupation or craft, us (Smith, l-'owler, 
Sadler) of tlie man to whom they wvvi.' given, ami yet otlu^- names 
are derived frcnn places. Tin- noble and landowniu- was called 
"of", such ami sueli a place (the (ieianan \'on, and I''rench "<lc,") 
while the humbler man was not called "of," but "at" such a 
jilace, as the names of "Attewell," Atwood, At water, or more by 
the local name without the particle. If wo add to these i)atrony- 
mics formed by the addition of "son," and terms derived from 
lUblical characters, we have almost exhausted the sources of jnod- 
ern English and European names." And if to these we may add 
that of ottice, and recogni/e the word "bailiff," as ]»ossible liav- 
ing an oHicial relation to the "Uailcy," as a keeper or governor 
<»r .superintendent of the same, our conjecture I'cspt'cting the ap- 
jilication of the name to a person or pel sons seems, altogi'ther 
natural and reasonable. 

At any rate it had aneirly rise and l»ecame a wide spread name 
if never a name of nott' in the Ibit ish nation and also upon the 
continent. And though it did n<it in any instance ac(piiie fame 
by any |)olitical considerations, except iierha[.s in the instance of 


I 111': I! Aii.i; v-i;.\ vi,i:v I'amii.v assix ia ri(»\, 

Jean Sylvaiii Iki'iU'V, tin- l''iciicli asl roiioiiu-r and orator, who look 
so |)roniini-iit a par) in llu- l-'iH-nch lU'Volution, iIkmc wcri' (|nitc a 
niUiibiT wlio atlaiiu'tl inm-h literary and t'Cflcsiastii-al cxcilli'nct' 
ami t'anu'. 'I'iicre uas "Natlianaid or Xallian IJailcy an cmiiuMit 
I^'n^lish pliiiolouist and l('\icot;ia|ilu'r wIiusl- J^ti/inolnf/icdl J\nt/lls/i 
J >i(iliini(ri/, jiuljli.slu'd, ai»|)arcntl y in ITlil, was a i;ii'at iin|»ro\('- 
nunt on ])i(.'\ioiis voi-abnlaries, and really torincd the l)asis of 
.l(dinsoirs u,reat work." 

''Sanuiel IJaili'}', who was horn at Sliefliidd in 1701, was an ahh- 
writer on ])hiloso|drieal and literary subjects, and eontrihutt-d a 
most valnahle treaties on nu'iital seience. 

.Joanna llailliethe Scottish poet and drainati.stac(|uircdnuich note. 

Dr. .Matthew liaillie, anatomist and jihysician, who came of a 
iiii^hly gifted family, —his father a idei-<4'yman, the Ke\. .lames 
l>aillie, was jtrofesseor of di\inity in the university of (Jlasgow. - 
'Hie Doctor attained Jiin'li distinction in his |)r((fessi()n at O.xtord 
and at London. 

Jt<dK'rt IJaillie was at tlie idose of tlie last century, the princi- 
pal of (ilasgow L'niversity, a rresbyteriaii clergyman of h-arninji; 
and ability. 

Kdwavd Hodges Hailey was a distinguisjied sculptor. 

Francis Haiiey was an Kiiiilish astronomer, and was c(d(dirated 
for his malhematicai knowledge, and while amassing a large tor- 
tuiiL' as a stockbroker in London, by his patieiu-e and methodical 
characteristics, was enabled to effect in the last twenty years ot 
his career, a greater nundter of researches than most other phil- 
osoi)hers have acconi])lished in a lifetime. He was born in 1 / < 1. 

We could refer to others, who, in England and the Hritish Isles 
and on the Contiiu'iil, and also in this country, have ai-(|iiired an 
honorable and v\v\\ distinguished eminenc«'. Ibit the limit-- ot 
(Mir address deny us the ])ri\ilege. 

Of those who came in the early days of our country and 
and I'specially of New England, the most we I'an say of most, it 
not all of lliem, is, ihey wen- w oithy if not coiispicious (•haiarters ; 
men and women of good tdiaracter, and goixl sense, it not distin- 
guished for literary ac(|uisil i<ui. .\nd yet there was one who 
was distiniiuished. 

Aiiin;i:>s ui- i;i:\-. \. i\ i;\ii.i:\. 

• loll II Hailcy -wlinsc 1 1, ill 10 is s| ic| Ic, I w it li -T' hut in.t uilh-f " was 
a('..ii-ivo;niuiial minimi, t, i...iii ii.mi- niackhiini, I,aiu-asliiif, I^n^-- 
''""'' '"'■''• ■-'♦^ ''■'' •• •'"'■ iiii,|ucsii,,iial,|y an ai.lf man;' sav> 
Spraoiic in lii.s annals ..f ihr Anin-ican |,ul|)ii. ||r was ..iTcnd, 
111 case' h,. slnmi,! c.miI'.hih I(. the Kstal.lislicd clninli, a .hike's 
<'li;i|»iaiiicy, Willi a <lcaiiciy and a liisli(,|,iii, wIkmu'x ci- a vacancN' 
•■''"'"''' "'•'•I"-, I'l'l he icjcct.'d llic<,rt\r. II,. uasluicr impri.-.nird 
"II arc(Minl ot' his CoiiLii-cuat imial priiu-i pics, ii..* wit lisrandinu- his 
incproachahlc chai-aclcr. ".N,. r.lcasc was -laiilrd until he inoni- 
ist'd to Icax,. the coiinliy, which he <lid in i(is |, acc..iii|,anifd \,\ 
his yoiiiiLici- hrothcr 'I'lioinas. w ho also was a minister. At tirsl 
lie resided ill i;o,st()li.|iienlly he settled in W'aterlowii as 
pastor. Thoiiias I.ecame his assistant. His hiother died and he 
ifinoM'd to Boston, where he was invite(| to assist Ifev. Air. .\llen, 
l»as(or ot" the first cliiiiadi. Here he remained to the idose of his 
life, in KIDT at the a^c of .'):!. 

Na\iiio- thus made mention of the time of the coniiiiL!,- of 
two ot these wonhies it may ite a matter of interest to slate w hen 
they each came and the places w hei-e they sctlleil. 

The first to arri\ e on our inhospitalile shores was IJichard of 
Rowley, .John of Salisluiry ,ind IJ.di.Mi, or one .d' the two h'ol.eits 
ot whose place of set t lenient We know iiothin-'. 'i'hev came id:;."*. 
Another Ij.dicrl id' whose place cd' .set t lemeiil we know iiothiiiL;-, - 
in that icspect tlu' name seems iinfortmiate, (■.iine in l(;:;s;. 
'i'homas.— -the fii-st Thomas we may call him, -came in Ki.'Kl, ami - 
setlled in Weynioiith. (iuido settled in S.ileiii in JOIl'. One of 
the Samuels came in Kif:!, and seltle(l in New Haven. i.yiiii l.e- 
eanie the home of 'i'heoph ilus in Ki f;"i. In Kilti the second Thomas 
came to .^HIfo|■d. .lonas set t led in Scarl.oiiMiLih in KiriO. Thomas 
the ihir<l was in \ew London l)i;V_'. H.irtiord, Conn., had second 
•lohn in !(;;")(;. ,in<l in Xewloii, I,. I., the same \-ear. In JiiiiO 
.lo^eph also was in l.oiiu- Island, at 1 1 iint iniiton. In Ititij anoilier 
Sainiud settled in \\'e\ month; X in >aco, l(i(i;;. .lames of 
K'ou ley (or l.'r.idford), iC.ii.;, aued o|. .Sccoml I ,' i( hard set I leil in 
Newport Kiyn, ami luniamin in lioston IdT-'i; while .lolin, whom 
1 \\A\v noticed, came to Hoston His:; ,,r I, with his l.rolher 
Thomas, w ho vcti led in W.alei tow n. 


llIK l; AII,i;V-|l A \ I.I \ FAMILY ASS(M|\1|(.\, 

'I'o these, lu'iliaps, oimlit to l)c .1(1. led aiioilicr ,|(,liii, the son ..f 
.lolm (»f Salislniiy, w liu (•anic willi liis falluT in HV.i^t. 

Siuli, rxctliiTii, ('(.iiNiiis, l-'rii'iuls, is a liricf sketch from various 1 have heeii able to i^athei- and iiresent. If I ha\c not 
been peniiitted the pleasiiijj, task of ^ivinii' V«)ii for \ our aneestrv, 
the peiM-less statesman, tlie honored jurist, the dist in<;uislied eeeh'- 

siastic, tin., renowned rtd'ormer, tlie \alorous eaittain, mi-n wlio 

stand out in histoiy as its, or amoni;' its, dist iii<;iiishe.l (diarae1er>, 
I ha\e u;i\en you those whose lionest names it is our dut\- and 
pious priv ileye lo honor, and w hose reputations are wcntiiN', if not 
a place in some it'now ned Alilu-y, certainly in (he fond recollec- 
tions and holy memories of tlu'ir numerous descendants, their now 
\\!de-s|)read sons and daut^hters. 

If none of them ruse in life to the towering- hei<j,hts of a Wash- 
ington, a Fianklin, a Sammd Adams, a Warren or an Ivlwards, 
they iielj) furnish tiie ricdi, priiducti\i' soil out .d \\hi(di rose those 
and similar names of historic importance, thems(d\('s ehxpu'iit h' 
rt'])resentati\ e of the tdiaractiM' of their constituents. 

The mighty oak, the stattdy and graceful (dm, the lofty idiie ami 
the luxurious maple, stand forth in )>rominence and ulor\- amoiiu' 
vegetative growths, but they wi're not able to lift their proud 
erowns heavenward, Jiad thi're not bi-en a pi-oductive base out of 
whicli they grew , by w hi(di tlu'yaii' supported, and from whi(li 
they deri\e their constant nourislnnont. 

The familiar wdrds of the poet rise naturally to ones mind: — 

■"Full many a nciii of luucst ra\ serene, 
'I'hc daik, uiil'al InniU'd cunus of ocean hear: 
Full mans a flowci' is Ixun lo lilusli unseen. 
.\ntl waste its swei'incss en llie <lescri air."' 

I rejt)iee greatly in being able to be pii'sent with \i>u and enjox- 
this very enjoyable reuniim. It seems as if the \crv spirits of our 
venerable and worthy ancesti-y were w ith us. .\nd sure I am, that 
higher. Divine and Ibdy Spirit, w li(»-guided them in their h.i/.ard- 
oiis and laborious entei-prise of st'eking and making a home on 
these rough and sa\agi' shores, is with us, tludr desci-ndants to-d.iw 
as heie, with loyal-lo\ ing hearts we lay our respective tributes on 
the urns of their nu-niories and solemid\' covenant t«>g('ther to be 

Ill' i;i:\'. A. I'. i:.\ii.i:v. 


true to (lie iiohlc |)iiiici|ilcs and \ iitiics tlii-y iiiaiiitaini'<l and I'.x- 
liiliilc(l. V\)v 

< )iii' l)lla^t i> not llial \sr dtiliici' (iiir liiit li, 
l''niin loins iMit lironcil and ink is ot' llii' rartli ; 
liiil li'iLilirr tar our piouil iiicti-nsioiis li'ad. 
To nolilc llioii^lit and liardy \iitiu-"s (k-i'ds, — 
'I'ln' liasal loclis on wliidi oiii' nation stands, 
And of our coiiiit i\ "s weal. I lie talisman; — 
Of tliosc, wliosc lolty tliou;^iiis and woitliy livrs 
.Mak(i for its tin- hi-rita^c ot liic skies, 
Wild led tlu- way wIkmc iiowcr is sure to he — 
'I'lie lasting Idi-ssinL; of the just and free. 
'I'lius while we iieie iicrpeluale tlu; iianie, 
And by our a 'ts its worthy di'eds iiioelaiiii, 
"{'will, in all things, our ^nat endeavor l)e. 
To transmit its virtues to posterity. 
Tims shall the Xame we honor here to-day 
lie liidved with nnmy a fad(dess destiny. 

'20 Till': UA ii,i:v-iiAi i.i;\ iwmii.v assim i a ikiv. 

Address of Hollis Russell Bailey, 

i'i;i>iiti:N r ok iiii': i>av 

Liidii-s hL (,',////( //iri< : — It is mtt, as I iiiidcrstaiKl it, my duty t(» 
t\.\\ to (.-(Hiu- liL'l'oit' you with any cart't'iilly iircparcd adilii'ss, ImiI 
i-atliei- witli iuisluirK'<l |»hi-asi' to i'X]ircss as Kcst 1 may some ot the 
tli<iii!j,lits a|)i)ro|)riatt' to tliis liour and sim^rstcd by this orrasion. 
Fortune favois us m tiiis, our sccoml family reunion. Tlu' skies 
smile upon us; the hiin-ze is tiMupeii'd with a pheasant coolness, 
and all nature is in tune and persuades to harmony and udoil will. 
We are gathered to-day on tlu' soil of Old .\mlover, almost in 
sight of tlie sjtot where the tirst settler in the town of the name of 
Uailey made his home. 1 desii-e to speak Inielly of the lirst set- 
tlers ill Amh)ver of tlie name of IJailey. The tirst was Samuc I 
I'.ailey, tl»e son of .lames llailey of l>ra<lfor(l, Afass., a descendant 
of James IJailey, one of the liist settlers of Kowley, .Mass. Samuel 
was llie oldest of twcdve (diildren. He was hoin I'ehiiiary -JO, 
1705, in that |iart of iJiadfoid which afterwards liei-anu- (iroNc- 
hiud. He <lied in .Vndover m ITSl. l-'idnuary "J, I T'is, he mar- 
ried as his tirst wife .Mary IJolf in Bradford. In IT:):;, when his 
oldest child, Samuel, was about live years (dd and his younu<M- 
(diild, .Alarah, was ahoul three years old he ol.taini'd a i:,rant of 
■2''){) acri-s of laml in tin- I'xtreme north-west part of tin- t >w ii ot 
Andovei-, on tl.i' .Meiiimaid< Kiver, and \vv\ soon huill a lioir-e 
ihei'e and'lteraine a citi/A'U of the tow n. 

His brother Joseph llailey about the same time settled (do-e 
by him in the town of Tewksbury, then just lu'ini;- incorporated. 
TIm- exact location of Sammd's tirst house, wlTudi was .Und/thss 
small and of rude const met i(Hi, is not known. The house he tin.dly 
livi'.l in was sitiiate.l near the road or lane from 'l\'W ksbuiy to the 

ai)IM:i;ss or ii ) i:i!,!. i;\iii;v. 


U-n-y across the .>fcrriinack IcadiiiLi,- to Draciit. His daiiuhtcr, 
.Maiali, mairic<l .laiiu's l\ iti icdu'c ot' 'rcwkshiii-y and his son, Sani- 
lU'l, .liinior, nian-icd Hannah Kiltri<luc, the (hilc of thr latter niai- 
riayc hcin<4' .lanuaiy --, ITjVJ. Sannul llaih'y, .1 nnior, had fi^ht 
(liihlrcn, seven ot' w hoin <j,ie\\ np and ui'ic niarried an<l h'tt nii- 
nu'idiis (U'sccndants. Sonu' of the |n'e>ent residents ot Andover 
ai-e of tliis l)|-an(di of the family. At the opcniiiL; <>f the l{e\oln- 
lionaiv war Sannnd llailey, Jr., was a iniMnhiT of <nie of tlie An- 
dover companies of minute nu'ii, and w hi'n the news came <m the 
early morning of April !'.», 177:"), that the British wi-rc marcdiin-- 
to Le\inij,t<<n, he hniried, with his company, to assist in dri\in;_!,' 
hack the tMiemy. The t hoiiulit of his aued parents, and his u ite 
and ciuht chihircn, tlu' (ddi'st a hoy (d' sevcnteiMi, did not serve to 
kiH']i him from risking his life in his country's seivii'c. 

His scrvit-e at the Lexington alarm, as the records show, was 
with ('apt. Joshua Holt's Company from Andover, and was as a 
pri\ate, and lasletl for only one and a halt days. 

JHit as soon as he liad had time- to return home and (h) a e.jnsid- 
erahle part of his spring planting-, he enlisted a<i:iin, on May li ( , 
177;"), with Captain Tyler's ( afterwards Captain Furhush's) com- 
[)any from Amiover, an<l joined the Continental force's at Cam- 
hrid^-e, under C(d<.nel Ihid-v. He was killed in the battle of 
ihtnki'r Hill, and his nanu' appears upon the l.ron/.e tal«let> re- 
cently erected hy the City of Uo.ton, <hi the Wolerly slope of the 
hill at Charlestown, when' the Hritish ma<h' their repeated as- 
saults upon the American redouht. It has always iu-en under- 
siood the des.-en. hints of Samuel T.ailey, Jr., that at the 
time of his dc^ath he held the rank of Lieutenant, and his (hiUi^dUer, 
Hannah I'.ailey Nei dham, fre<piently stati'd to her children and 
-rand .diildrcn, that he held thai ..llice when he was killed at 
Ihiid^er Hill. It iv rcp<,rte.l that when h.' received his death 
wound in Ihe halllc. his la-1 words were, -Take my p..w.U'r-h<.rn, 1 
aiuadea.l man." Il is a matter of history that the Continental 
forces were coiupcdled to retreat hecause their ammunition -ave 
,.ut : and so we liml that even in .lealh the hut thouuht of Sam- 
ii,d i5ailcy, Jr., was to render to the nt most t he -ervice he owed 
his count i\ . 

Tin: i;aii.i;v-hai i.KV kamii.v assoiiaiiox 

Till' si'tt Icmciit of the westerly ;ui(l iiortliwesteil y pivi't of Aiido- 
ver, iilousj;" tlie .MenMiii;iek river, followed elose iijioii tlu' cessation 
of Iii(Ii;iii hofstililies, and the retireineiit of the Indians, ahoiit 17"i;), 
Iteyond Lake Winnepesaiikee. Andover had now eeased lo he 
one of the fnuitiei- towns, and the settlement of Dracnt and W'l'st 
llavei-hill, (now Metlnu-n,) ga\e new settU-is assnranee of se- 

In IT'JO, Nathan llailey (a son of Kiidiard Uaih'y, a brother of 
James of Kowh'V, ) houL;ht lands in West Ando\er, on tiiu .Merri- 
maek, on what is now known as the IJiver IJoad, a few miles iij) the 
i-i\er, from the present site of the idly of Lawri'iiei'. It was not un- 
til about IToU that he ac-tnally built a house and became a ri-sident 
of Andover. 

Nathan Hailey was born in that part (»f Bradford wiiicdi is now 
(irovelaiid, on the liith of Di-ei'inber, 170S. He married in ll'.)-, 
Mary Palmer. lie left three s(nis and two daughters. His son, 
Moses IJailey, (born January IG, 1744,) succeed his father on 
the homestead in Amlover. He married Elizid>eth Moo|ar and had 
luinierous descendants. He died in 184o, aged 99 years. 
- Many of the present Andovi-r Uaileys are of this branch of the 
family. The genealogical (diarl exhibiti-d on the walls of yonder 
building will gi\ e yon the names of, or eiialde you to place many 
of tlie present generation. It is tlie hope of tlu- Committee on (ieii- 
eategy, whom you have to-day appointed, that, with your co-oper- 
ation, these charts may be brought down to the present day and 
made more complete. 

Ill closing let me, on your ludialf, express to our host, .Mr. Sain- 
,uel (Oilman Uailey of Andover, the owner (d' this beautiful grove 
where we to-day have our gathering, our lu-arty thanks for his 
very kind hospitality. 

TAiii.i': i)K to\ I i:\Ts. 


Kr|)(irl (if John T. liailcy, Sccrctiiry, . . . - :5-(l 

Address of John Alfrc'(l r>;iih'y, rieshU'iit, - - - 7 S 

Adapted Hymn, by \ic\ . A. V. lla'dcy, N'ici' Pi'csident, - S 

Oiiiiinal I'ooni. \>y \iv\ . A. F. IJaiU-y, Vice Piesident, - 9 1:{ 

A.hli-ess of IJev. A. F. I5aih'y, Vice Tresident, - - 14 1(1 

A.hlress of lloUis It. IJailey, President of the Day, - - "^O lili 




Ul' TlIK 

Bailey-Bayley Family Association, 


Groveland, Hass., August 15th, 


SOMKinil.l.K, MASS., 

I'RKSS Oi .•-UMKUVllJ.K ClTl/.b.N,'AI-lK A.M. ■)nH l'lilMKH> 

Al-lill-, IC'JO- 





ARMS: Az., nine estoiles, three, three, two and 
one, arg. CREST: a morning star, ppr. 

Account of the Third Annual Gathering 

OF Ttll". 


Held at (Jroveland, flass., August 15th, 1895. 


TiiK meeting was called to order by J. Warren l^ailey, Esq., 
of Somerville, Mass., President of the Day, at 10.30 a. m., in 
the Congregational church. 

After an opening i)rayer by the Rev. Vincent Moses of 
West Newbury, Mass , J. Wairen Bailey, President of the Day, 
spoke as follows : — 

It is perhaps fitting that, as the one who has been called 
upon to preside over our deliberations to-day, I should extend to 
this cotnpany a cortlial greeting and a hearty welcome. This is 
the third annual gathering of the Hailey l^'aniily, and it is a 
source of great satisfaction to see the large number that ha\e 
arrived here this nKjrning. Two years ago a little company 
gathered together beside Canobie Lake in New IIami)shire and 
organized this association; a year ago we assembled in And over. 
Those who founded this organization, those who have taken in- 
terest in our ancestry, those win; have labored to secure all the 
information that could be had in regard to the Baileys, are en- 
titled to credit and praise. Many look back with pride upon their 
ancestors, and if there is any one family which has the right to 
do this it seems to me it is the IJailey Family. It is a name which 
down to the present time has been' honored. It has been a 
noble name. Those who have claim to it, coming d(nvn to the 
present time, have been honorable men and women, and we feel 
justified in looking upon it with pride and honor. 


Of course you are aware that little else is expected of me 
here to-day exce])t to extend greeting and to introduce those 
who have taken sufficient interest in our affairs to provide us 
with entertainment tu-day. As I look over this company this 
morning I am reminded that while we look back with pride, 
while we remember our ancestry with a degree of pleasure in- 
dependent of any other consideration, it is our duty to maintain 
such a standard that those who are to follow us shall have the 
same opportunity to look back and say that their ancestors of 
the nineteenth century were men and women to be honored. 

I wish I could find words fit to speak to you of him whom 
you elected a year ago as president of this association, who has 
gone to his reward. 

As has been alluded to in the prayer of our brother, he took 
great interest and pride in this association. Not only did he 
look with honor upon the name, but also did he honor the name 
of Hailey, and we can look back thinking of him as it were as 
the link that binds us to-day with those who centuries ago 
passed over to the other shore. It is on account of his de- 
cease that I preside here to-day. 

The first thing on the programme is the report of the 
secretary. Permitme .say that for some unexplained reason 
he has not yet arrived. We have, however, some of the 
secretary's printed reports of our meeting of a year ago and 
if no objection is made they will be submitted to }'ou as iiis 

l^y vote of the associatit)n, the president appointed i'led- 
crick Bailey, John A. ]3ailey, and Orin I). Bailey as a committee 
to nominate officers for the ensuing year. 



In presenting my rej^ort to you this morning, which is a 
brief one, I would say that had we had a larger sale of those 
printed reports of last year's meeting we should have had a 
nice balance in the treasur}-. I would like to have the sale 
continue, so that we may use the money for the purposes of the 


association. And I wish to state here in the outset there is a 
small deficit owin^^ to the small number of those Rei)orts thus 
far sold. Furthermore, I wish to say that the affairs of the 
associatit)n have been conducted in an exceedingly prudent and 
economical manner. Mvery ofificer of the asst)ciation has gen- 
erously paid his or her own personal expenses, such as car-fares 
and the like. This has made a great difference in the financial 
condition of the association. 'I'here are other matters 1 might 
speak of. We have had much kindness shown us. The pro. 
prietors of this chuich have given us the use <;f the church to- 
day and the use of the organ, and the officers of the street 
railway company have given us the use of their grounds to-day. 
One thing more. There is a bill for printing that has not 
been paid, although the money has been advanced by one of 
the officers and paid to the printer. The exact amount is 
^30.00. We have in the treasury $9.47, so that our net deficit 
is ^20.53. A report in detail will appear at the proper time, so 
that you will know just how every dollar has been spent. All 
money received by the treasurer is deposited in a bank in the 
name of the association, ('i'he treasurer here submitted a state- 
ment in detail of receipts and disbursements, showing $24 95 
received, S&25.47 paid out and balance of $9.47 on hand.) 

I trust we may sell quite a number of copies of the printed 
report of last year's meeting so as to relieve the treasury. The 
report contains much useful information as to our last meeting. 
Orders will be taken during the day either by myself or any of 
the other officers. 

Voted that the report of the treasurer be accepted and placed 
on file. 

The President. The next business is the important matter 
of adopting our constitution as prepared by the executive com- 
mittee. Mr. liollis R. Bailey will rej^ort for the committee. 

Mr. President : — It seemed to your executive committee 
that the interest of the different members of this association in 
its work would be greater and that the business would be con- 


ducted witli greater ease and smoothness if a constitution 
stating the basis and the purposes of the organization were 
prepared and submitted and, if found satisfactory, adopted. 
We all know in a general way why we have come together here 
to-day. It has been one reason with one and another reason with 
another, but certainly each one has come here with some motive, 
and if these different motives are staled on i)aper, we shall work 
with more interest and vigor. The executive committee have 
prepared a constitution, whicii I will read at length. 



Being fully persuaded : 

1. That what we arc pliysically, mentally and morally 
comes to us in a considerable degree from our ancestors as an 
inheritance for good or for evil. 

2. That it is our duty to study the lives of our ancestors 
and search out and perpetuate the story of their noble deeds. 

3. That an honest and intelligent family pritle furnishes 
one of the strongest incentives to noble li\hig. 

4. That true love of family leads to that larger [)ati"iotism 
which embraces not merely country, but all mankind. 

We have formed this association that we may work to- 

First, to learn all that we can of our ancestors. 

Second, to keep alive the memory of those of them who 
lived nobly. 

Third, by working together and by meeting together to 
stimulate an honest and intelligent family pride, and 

Fourth, to help one another by example and precept to be 
true and loyal members, not simply of our own Hailey family, 
but of that greater family which embraces the whole human race. 

For the government of the affairs of the association we 
adojit the following constitution and by-laws : — 

Art. I. The name of this association shall be the " Hailey- 
Bayley Family Association." 

Art. 2. The officers of the association shall consist of a 
president and one or more vice-presidents, a secretary, a treas- 
urer, and an executive committee, consisting of the above- 
named officers, ex-ojficio, and of five additional members. 

Art. 3. All said olficers shall be chosen annually, but shall 
continue in office until their successors are elected. 

Art. 4. The president shall, when able to do so, preside at 
all meetings of the executive committee and of the association. 


Art. 5. In the absence or inability to act of the president, 
one of tlie vice-jiresidents shall act in his stead, and if more 
than one vice-president is present at an)'- meeting, the senior 
vice-president shall act unless otherwise agreed. 

Art. 6. The treasurer shall have charge of and be respon- 
sible for the funds of the association, but shall not be author- 
ized to incur any expense except with the api)roval of the exec- 
utive committee. 

Art. 7. The secretary shall have charge of the records ami 
correspondence of the association. 

Art. 8. The executive committee shall ha\e full power to 
regulate and govern all the affairs of the association, and the 
committee is authorized to fill any vacancies in its membership 
or among the officers of _the association. 

Art. 9. Meetings of the executive committee shall be called 
by the secretary at the request of the president or any three 
members of the executive committee, and reasonable notice 
shall be sent to all members of the committee. Three members 
at least shall be required to ct)nstitute a quorum. 

Art. 10. All persons above the age of fifteen years of good 
moral character of the 15ailey name (however spelled), or of the 
Bailey blood, and the husbands and wives of such persons shall 
be eligible for membership, and as wide a membership as possi- 
ble is desired. In case of any doubt as to the eligibility of a 
proposed member the executive committee shall ha\e full power 
to determine the same. 

Art II. The executive conmiittee shall have full power 
to expel any member for reasons which seem to the committee 

Art. 12. That there may be a certainty of funds sufficient 
to pay the necessary expenses of the association, each member 
of the association shall pay to the treasurer annually the sum of 
twenty-five eents, the same to be paid in the case of new mem- 
bers at the time of their joining the association. 

Art. 13. Any person eligible for membership may join the 
association by paying the initiation fee and sending to the sec- 
retary, in writing, his or her name and address. 

Art. 14. The executive committee, reserving to itself the 


control of all expenditures, may appoint suitable persons to 
have charge of work on family history and genealogy. 

Art. 15. This constitution may be altered or amended at 
any meeting of the association by a vote of two-thirds of those 
present, notice of the changes proposed having been inserteil in 
the call for the meeting. 

Art. 16. We adopt as the motto of the association : — 

In reganl to a motto for the association, it has been sug- 
gested that, in-as-much as it is a matter in which we are all inter- 
estetl, instead of adopting one at this meeting, we request all the 
members of the association to make any suggestions they desire 
on this point during the coming year to the secretary of the 
association, and then the executive committee can consider all 
these suggestions and make a report at the next gathering. It 
is very desirable that we select a motto that is full of signifi- 

I wish to say a few words about the constitution which I 
have just read. 

First, as to the preamble. In this day when the interest in 
family matters is on the increase, when societies are being 
formed in all parts of the country, Sons of the Revolution, 
Daughters of the Revolution, the Hunker Mill Society and all 
these various patriotic societies, more and more each person m 
the community who has arrived at years of discretion has his 
attention called to his ancestry, and more and more begins to 
say to himself, "Who were my ancestors .' Where did they live.> 
What did they do .? Am I doing in my time and generation 
what they would have a right to expect of me ? Am I keeping 
up to the standard they established V 

There is one point in the latter portion of the constitution 
on which the executive committee were not entirely agreed, and 
that is in regard to the charge of a membership fee. Some ot 
us were of the opinion that a greater interest would be felt by 
the different members if there were a small membenshii) fee 
which would help tiie committee to meet the necessary ex- 
penses. The treasurer has stated to you somewhat the needs 


of the association in that respect. Perhaps I might acid a word 
as to what money is necessary in order to bring about such a 
gathering as this. 

It requires first, the printmg and distribution of a circuhar 
to inform people that there is to be a gathering. That means 
an expense of about $15. 'l"he programmes cost $7 or $8. If the 
committees on genealogy are to do good work, they should have 
at least ^50 yearly. They desire to have printed a request for 
information which may be widely circulated through the coun- 
try to get information which, when classified and arranged, will 
enable us to tell where the different members of the association 
belong. I presume most of you here to-day come from this 
part of the State and are the descendants of Richard and James 
Bailey of Rowley and John J^ailey of Newbury. There has 
been considerable work done in looking up the descendants of 
Richard Bailey, but very considerable work still remains to be 
done. There is a fair question whether there should be a mem- 
bership fee or whether we shoukl rely on x'oluntary contribu- 
tions. I do not suppose the sum of twcnty-fixe cents here men- 
tioned will be sufficient to raise all the money necessary. If we 
are to print a report of to-day's proceedings, it will cost at least 
|5ioo and the members of the association must subscribe freely 
for copies of that report if we are to get sufficient money to 
pay for it. The sale of copies of last year's report lias produced 
so far J540. This was enough to pay for the expense ol print- 
ing, but not enough to pay for distribution. It will be for you 
to say which way you prefer, whether the constitution shall read 
as prepared, "annual dues of twenty-five cents," or whether that 
shall iDe stricken out and we shall rely on voluntary contribu- 
tions. I must say I am in doubt and think it should be left to 
the meeting. 

As the constitution was first framed, it was thought suffi- 
cient that we-should include those of the liailey name and blood 
whether spelling the name Bailey or Bayley. When I examined 
the records to learn about my ancestor, James Bailey, I found 
we had not got our constitution broad enough. I lound the 
name of James Bailey sometimes spelled Bailey, more frequently 
Baly, occasionally Bali, a few times Bayle, sometimes Balie, 


sometimes Bally. It was all the same man, you understand, and 
I suppose we may properly spell our name in whichever of these 
ways we prefer. It seems, therefore, best to widen the range of 
membership so as not to cut out any one of the Bailey name, 
however spelled. Still further there is a question as to the 
husbands and wives of those of the Bailey blood. It seems 
right and proper that the membership shall be broad enough 
to include them. 

I think your committee was cjuite agreed on all cjuestions 
except the membership fee, and I hope that will be ])ul to a 

The President — You have heard the rei)ort of the com- 
mittee. What is )'our opinion.' 

\Vm. W. Bade)' of Nashua, N. H. — It seems to me suffi- 
cient money must be provided. It seems io me that an annuid 
fee of !^i from all adult male members of the association would 
be best, but if the committee are agreed perhaps it is well 
enough to let it stand as it is. It is certain that ample funds 
ought to be providcLJ. I move that the report of the committee 
be accepted and the constitution reported by them be adopted 
in full. 

The President — Mr. \V. W. Bailey moves that tiie report of 
the committee be acce[)ted, and the constitution be adopteil as 
read by the committee. If any desire to make remarks, now is 
the. opportunity. No one need feel embarrassment in making 
free comment. 

J. A. Bailey — Mr. President, it seems to me we are mak- 
ing a mistake in limiting the sum to 25 cents. It seems to 
to me that any one desirous of giving more than 25 cents should 
be allowed to do so. 

H. R. liailey— I would say just one word further, that it 
will be necessary, in addition to the 25 cents, to ask those mem- 
bers of the association who can afford to give ^5, more or less, 
to contribute either at this gathering, or by sending to the 
secretary, to help on our work. We desire to have a large 
membershii), and do not desire to keep out any one by making 
the membership tliilicult. 


The constitution as prepared by the committee was 
adopted by a unanimous vote. 

The President- -The next business appears to be the 
election of officers. The committee reports the followinj^" 
list of officers : 

President — Hollis R. Bailkv of Cambridge. 

Vice Presidents — J. Wakkkx Bailf.v of Somerville, 
George O. Shattuck of lioston. 

Secretary — John T. Bailey of Somerville. 

Treasurer — James R. Bailev of Lawrence. 

Executive Committee — John Alfred B.mlev of Lowell, 
ICben H. Bailev of Boston, W. H. Reed of South Wey- 
mouth, Mrs. Milton PZllsworth of Rowley, 1)k. Stei'Hen (i. 
Bailev of Lowell. 

On motion of Rev. Vincent Moses, the report of the com- 
mittee was accepted and adopted and the above named officers 
declared elected. 

J. A. Bailey — I presume the choice of the place for the 
next meeting will be left in the hands of the executive commit- 
tee. We have had the offer of a grove by one of the members. 
If anyone has a preference as to place ot meeting, it would be 
well to listen to suggestions. The committee will be glad to 
receive suggestions t)n the subject at any time. 

II. R. liailey — I understand that the treasurer purposes to 
have headquarters in the grove, where any persons desirous ot 
joining the association may do so by paying their fee of twenty- 
five cents and existing members can pay their annual dues. 

The President — I am glad to add my word to the sugges- 
tion of Mr. Bailey. We all know how easy it is to neglect mat- 
ters. A year ago I thought I should like a report of the meet- 
ing. I knew when they were issued, but neglected for a long 
time to secure copies. I would not be without the reports. I 
throw this out as a suggestion. It is imi)ortant and I know you 
will all be glad to have a copy of the annual report. 

The business meeting closed at 1 1.30 a. m. 

There were (as counted by the ushers) 273 persons pres- 



At 11.30 A. M. the literary exercises were commenced with 
music by l^ben H. IJailey of 15oston. 

The President— The next number is an address with reso- 
lutions in memory of our late president, Rev. Augustus h\ 
Hailey, by Mr. John Alfred Ikiiley of Lowell. 


Mr. Pkksident, Relatives and Friends: — At our re- 
union one year ago it was allotted to me to perform the pleasing 
task of welcoming to our family gathering in God's own temple, 
all who were pleased to join with us, and to day I am selected, 
in this building consecrated to our Creator's use, to eulogize 
one of his most faithful and earnest servants, our late i)resident. 
Rev. Augustus Franklin Hailey. 

Mr. IJailey was born in West Newbury, Mass., Oct. 12, 18 19, 
and died in Bradford, Mass., May 22, 1895, having more than 
reached the age of three score years and ten. 

iTe was a descendant in the seventh generation from 
Richard l^ailey, wh(;came from Yorkshire, l''ngland, to America 
in 1C38, and settled in Rowley, Mass. 

His ancestors in each generation were : 
1st. Richard Bailey, b. about 1623, 

lulnah Holstead. 
2d. Dea. Joseph Bailey, b. about 1648, 

"Abigail Trumbull. 
3d. Joseph Bailey, Jr., b. 1683, \V. Newbury, 

Abigail Webster. 
4th. Samuel Jkiiley, b. 1725, W. Newbury, 

Ann Noyes. 
5th. Maj. Samuel Bailey, b. 1765, W. Newbury, 

Hannah Chase. 
61 h. Col. Uriah Bailey, b. 1792, W. Newbury, 
Julia Ciage. 


His early education was received at the public schools and 
two academies, one of which was the Bradford Academy, only 
a few steps from his late residence. 

His uncommon strength of character and power of mind 
was early evinced by his completing a college course by him- 
self, aided by private tutors. 

The story of his religious and political life is most concisely 
told by Rev. F. M. l':stes, in a recent number of "Zion's Her- 
ald," and I cannot do better than read the article entire : 

"He was converted at the age of 21, and joined the Con- 
gregational church. He studied law, but not long after his con- 
version was called to the ministry, and turned his attention in 
that direction. Meanwhile he became a Methodist. He joined 
the New England Conference in 1850 and received successive 
appointments down to 1868, when he was transferred to the 
Troy Conference, where he was in constant service for 17 years. 
In 1885 he became supernumerary and removed to Bradford, 
where he has since resided. 

Mr. Bailey was a very strong character, an able man. He 
was decided, positive, firm, yet full of love and the tenderest 
sympathy. He gained special distinction as a debater, for 
which his natural characteristics peculiarly fitted him. His 
fiery enthusiasm and vivid imagination, coupled with his exten- 
sive learning, made him an intense and uncommonly interest- 
ing speaker. He was a man of profound convictions and he 
had also the moral courage which enabled him, when he discov- 
ered the right, to stand for it though it cost him his life. In 
one of his best appointments he took decided ground on some 
great question that was then agitating the public mind, with 
the result that many of his leading members forsook him. 
Some of his ofificial board came to him and said : " If you will 
refrain from speaking on that subject for a few Sundays, this 
feeling will all blow over. " " Well, " said Mr. Bailey, " I shall 
not keep still, for I am right, and I will stand for the right 
though I die for it. " And so he fought on, cutting his way 
through the deep forests of doubt and skepticism with the keen 
a.xe of gospel truth. He was one of the leading orators of our 
church during the antislavery struggle. His voice gave no 


uncertain sound on this question, for, like William Lloyd (jar- 
rison, he believed slavery was not only the calamity, but the 
crime of the South, lie was also a very strong advocate of 
temperance. Early in his public life he received the name of 
" St. Paul, " which was y;iven him because of his j^ositivcness 
and his leadership in these great struggles. Two doctrines he 
specially magnifietl, the pre-millennial coming of Christ, and 
the doctrine of Christian perfection. Nearly all the old mem- 
bers of the New luigland Conference will doubtless recall that 
memorable debate on the j^re-millennial coming of Christ before 
the Preachers' meeting in Boston during the year '62 or '63, in 
which Mr. Pailey and Dr. Geo. M. Steele were the disputants. 
Mr. Bailey took what was then the unpopular side of the cjues- 
tion. There was one member of the Conference who had 
agreed to stand by him, but when the time came he was silent. 
At the close Dr. Haven, who was then l^ditor of Zion's Herald, 
encouraged him with his support, but aside from him he had, 
so far as he knew, no following. He preached holiness, but his 
life was his best e.\emi)lification of it. /x>00o/200 

He spent the last ten years of his life in Bradford. Dur- 
ing four or five of these years he preached at Sandown, N. 11., 
about eleven miles distant, walking each way, but Mrs. Bailey's 
failing health compelled him to give up this work. During the 
last four or live years he has been quite a regular attendant at 
the Methodist church in this place, and has been of incalcula- 
ble service. He has often su])plied the pulpit in the absence of 
the pastor, and has officiated in many communion services. At 
the time of his death he was a trustee. 

About a year ago his health began to fail, since which time 
he has suffei;ed a steady decline. He took his bed about two 
weeks before his death, and failed rapidly until the end came in 
great triumph. His family were near him during his last days. 
He leavesa widow, a daughter, Mrs. l-Hias Huntington liottum of 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and two .sons- -James Prentiss Bailey, 
general secretary of the V. M. C. A., at Kockford, 111., and 
John Tewksbury Bailey of Boston. Remember these bereaved 
ones at the throne of grace." P'- M- PST P.S. 


My own acquaintance with Rev. Mr. Bailey began with our 
first reunidn at Canobie Lake, N. H., two years ago, and to his 
wide acquaintance and intense interest in all matters relating to 
the Bailey family is due much of the success which has attended 
our gatherings thus far. 

He early in life turned his attention to the genealogy of 
the branch of the Bailey family to which he belonged, and by 
means of a wide correspondence coupled with many personal 
visits made on foot to persons of the Bailey name and blood, he 
became possessed of a vast fund of information of this de- 
scription, and he was always ready to impart it to others and to 
aid those who were desirous of tracing their ancestry. 

This association has suffered a severe loss in the death of 
our late president, and his commanding presence, frank, open 
countenance and genial grasp of the hand will long be remem- 
bered by all who had the privilege of his acquaintance. 

In conclusion, allow mc to ask all to emulate this strong 
Christian character and strive to become what he truly was, 
"An honest man, the noblest work of God." 


Rev. Augustus h'ranklin Bailey, born at West Newbury, 
Mass., Oct. 12, 1819, died at Bradford, Mass., May 22, 1895. 

At the time of his death he held the office of president of 
the Bailey-Bayley Family Association. 

By the death of Mr. Bailey the association is deprived of 
one of its most able and devoted officers, and each of its mem- 
bers loses a personal friend. 

Hi^ high character, his simple, manly dignity, his Christian 
fortitude, won for him the respect of all those whose privilege 
it was to know him. 

He was deeply interested in this association and worked 
with zeal and distinguished ability to further its objects. 

He has gone from, but we shall cherish his mem- 
ory and find in it inspiration for high thinking and noble living. 

We desire to express to his family the sympathy which we 
all feel for them in these their hours of grief. 

■niii i!Aii.1':v-iiavi,i:y i a.miia' association. 17 

It was then voted : That the fore^oiiif; resolutions be 
adopted and made a part of the records of the association and 
that a copy thereof be sent to the family of Rev. Augustus F. 

The President — If Mr. Khcn II. Hailey is prepared, we will 
vary the pi-ogramme and sing the iiynm numbered four. 

HLI-ST Blv Till-: Tllv. 
Tunc, Di'iiniii. 

niest be lliL' tic tluit binds 

In houfst love our souls ; 
The fellowship of kindred blood 

Our uni(,)n e\er holds. 

We share the Bailey name, 

Our tributes to it bring; 
Our fears, our hojjes, our aims are one ; 

We jo\s in coninion sing. 

We share our mutual woes, 

Our mutual burdens bear ; 
And often for each other flows 

The sym])athizing tear. 

When \\e asunder part, 

'T will gi\e us inward pain ; 
Vet we shall still be joined in heart, 

And h()])e to meet again. 

The President — At our annual meeting a year ago a com- 
mittee on genealogy was appointed, consisting of three mem- 
bers, viz., our late president. Rev. .\ugustus I'". Bailey, lloUis R. 
Hailey of Cambridge, and Airs. Milton bdlsvvorth of Row- 
ley. IMrs. I-'.llsworth will make the tirst report. 



Since the last meetiriL;- of the liiiiley-Hayley as.sociation I 
have been studying into the genealogy of the Jcjhn Bailey family 
of Salisbury. 

I tiiul that John Hailey of Salisbury, afterwards of New- 
bury, came from l-^ngland in 1635. He was a weaver of CW\\>- 
penham, luigland. His name ajjpears in the first division of 
land in Colchester, now l^ast Salisbury, 1639. V\^e hnd him in 
Newbury in 1650 and a record of his death 165 1. History has 
it that he left a wife, son Robert and two dau!j,hters in iliudand 
A son, John, and daughter, Johanna, came to America with him. 
Johanna married \V. AI. Huntington ami we may presume that 
most of the Huntingtons of Amesbury and vicinity were Bai- 
leys on the maternal side. John Hailey, Jr.'s, and VVm. Hunt- 
ington's names occur in the first settlement i>f the town of 

I found but very little of tlie Hailey name on the records of 
Amesbury. In visiting Salisbury Point 1 had a tine view of 
Hailey's Hill, said to be the place where John i5;iilcy, Sr., 
built his log cabin. He was a fisherman, having the sole right 
of fishing in the I'owow granted to him, providing a certain 
portion be given to the town. Now the starting point of this 
interesting family is John, Jr. I le has 10 children recortled on 
the Newbury records. I copied e\erything 1 could find from 
these records, and by corresponding with descendants of this 
family, I have made a beginning of the genealog)' of the John 
liailey family. Possibly there are errors and if s(; I should be 
pleased to have any one here set ihem right. There is a great 
deal more to be collected by searching New Hamj).->liire and 
Vermont recDrds. 

1 have not been able to connect all that 1 have gathered, 
but hope to at some future time. 

The President — It is certainly very interesting to know of 
the facts Mrs. ICllsworlh has brought to us. We will now listen 
to the report of llollis K. Haik}-, who reports for the James 
Hadey branch of the famil)'. 

Tlir. i;Al[.in'-llAVI.F.V I'AMII.V ASSOCIA'IION. IQ 

Rl':i'()RT OF IIOLIJS R. HAIl.i:V. 

Before saying- anything about the James Hailey branch, to 
which J belong, I wish to say just a \V(jrcl in regartl to the 
Richard J^ailey branch, wliich was under the charge ol our hite 
president, Rev. Augustus \\ Jiaile)-. It may not be known to 
you that there is here present a gentleman who tleser\es the 
thanks ot all ol you. 1 lefcr to Mr. /Xhrctl I'oore ol Salem, 
who spent the prime of his life in collecting, putting upon 
pa|)er and having printed an acconnt of I lie descendants of 
Richard J^ailey. That book is in print and I desire to show 
)'ou a copy of it, because those ol )'ou who belong to that 
branch ought each to own a cop)', and I would say that 
copies may be had b)' applying to the author, Aifretl I'oore 
of Salem, or to any oHiccr ol this association. That book 
contains some torty or tilt)- pages of the genealogy ol Richard 
Hailey. It comes down to the time it was published, about 
1857. Since that time of course there is much to be added. 
It is my hope that this work may be continued by Mr. I'oore 
and that we may receive the benertt of his labors, lie has 
already collected much which is not in print which with the 
aid of the association he ma)' be able to jjrint. There are, as 
Mr, I'oore tells us, some five or si.\ thousand descendants of 
Richard Bailey, lie has undertaken to give the descendants 
both of the male and of the female members of the family. 
The price of the book is )^5.oo. That may at first seem large, 
but I venture to say it does not give Mr. I'oore five cents jjcr 
hour for the time he has spent npon the book. On I'age 53 
is a picture of the home of Joseph Bailey, the only son ol 
Richard Bailey, the first settler. It was said by Mr. John 
Alfred Bailey of Lowell that it was not known who tlie first 
wife of Joseph was. 1 am informed by Air. I'oore that he 
has recently ascertained that her name was Al)igail Trumbull. 
On the page following K\e have a fac simile of a i.\cQ(\ executed 
by the sons and daughters of Joseph Bailey. It is interesting 
to know that those sons and daughters spelled their names in 
three different ways. 

Noiv a word abont John Bailey of Scituate. There was no 

20 KKrOKT ol- HoI.l.lS K. IIA 1 1. 1".V. 

member of your association appointed to work upon tliat 
brancli of the family, but ou my way here to-chi)- 1 met a 
member of the association who has furnished some interesting; 
information. lie has handed me these charts, which will he 
exhibited at the grove. They are charts showing some ol the 
descendants of John of Scituate, antl the)' will l)e tacketl up at 
the grove where you can see them. 

Mr. George Edson l^ailey of Mansfield, Mass., is the gen- 
tleman I refer to. He is a direct descendant c^f John of Scitu- 
ate, who settled at Scituate about 1670, and from whom ha\e 
descended many of tlie Plymouth County l>aileys. Mr. (ieorge 
lulson Bailey, besides the charts, has also brought a cane which 
was owned and used by John of .Scituate. 

Now, a word about the James Hailey branch, to which 1 
have given more especial attention. There is not \er)' nuich 
to be learned in regard to the fust settler, James, ami yet we 
have found some things which are of interest. 1 ha\ e here in 
my hand a printed report of the town of Rowley, publisheil in 
1894, edited by Mr. IModgett, a man interested in all matters of 
town history, and a man who is especially entitled to (nir thanks 
because he has made accessible the early genealogy of the James 
l^ailey branch. The first volume of the Rowley town records we 
have here in print, and from that we learn that James l^ailey of 
Rowley was a settler in Rowley as early as 1648 or 1649. It was 
said by the Rev. Augustus V. I^ailey a year ago that James 
Bailey was a settler before 1650, but these records make cer- 
tain that James was a settler as early as 1O48. 

It is a matter of record that Richard Bailey, the brother of 
James, came to this c(Hmtry at the age of fifteen in the )ear 
163S or 1639 At that age you can understand that he was not 
a man with a large amount of capital to invest. I have had the 
pleasure of seeing a printed copy of the record kept in London 
of the names of the passengers on board the ship on which 
Richard came. Among the passengers, besides Richard Bailey 
aged fifteen, we tind Samuel Poore, aged eighteen, Daniel 
Poore, aged fourteen, and Richanl Dummer, aged four. It ap- 
pears from this record that Richard Bailey, Sanuiel Poore and 
•Daniel I'oore were entitled servants, that is to say, thcyj^ame in 


the employ of other older aiul more wealthy people who came 
on that ship. That i.-, the way New ICiiglaiul was settled. 
Since Richard came as an employee, it is probable that his 
brother James was not a j^erson of very great means. It is cer- 
tain, however, that he was a i)erson of good repute in the town, 
because we find that before he died he took by deed other prop- 
erty besides that which was allotted to him, that he stood abo\e 
the average in the amount of taxes he was obliged to pay, and 
that for one year he held the office of Overseer of the Poor. 
v\ll this shows that he was a person of some little wealth and 
a person of inlluence in that connnunity. And, furthermore, 
we find his son marrying the daughter of Thomas Mighill, 
a deacon of the church and a ])romiiieiit citizen. I ha\e not 
yet been able to ascertain from what part of hJigland James 
]^ailey came. Terhaps my friend Mr. I'oore knows, antl we 
may be able another yeai" to tell )ou something as to where 
James and Richard Bailey came from. 

In regard to the descendants of James, it would take all 
day to tell )ou much about them. There are one or two 1 wish 
to speak of. John Jiailey was born in 1642 and lived to be 
nearly fifty years of age. He was a resident of Rowley. The 
spot in Rowley where he and his father, James Bailey, li\'cd is 
known, and can be pointetl out b)' mend^ers of the famil)- living 
there to-da)'. The house where some of the children of John 
lived is still standing, and must have been built about 16S0. I 
have here a ijhotograph of that house. We had hoped to have 
quite a number of copies for sale here to-day, but we have only 
a si)ecimen copy. The treasurer will take orders to-day, price 
fifty cents. 1 saw the house last June. The rear is to the 
street and the front to the south to get the sun. John liailey 
was of fighting blood and perished in the expedition against 
Canada in Kkjo under (ieneral rhipi)s. 

A year ago to-day 1 spcjke a few words in regard to Samuel 
liailey, Jr., of Ando\er, tlial earliest sou of libert)', who 
hastened to do what he might to aid in the establishment ol 
the inde{)endence of this country, and who was killed at the 
battle of ]5unker llill. 1 desire to sa)' just a word in regard to 
his second cousin, or his first cousin once removed. I reter to 

22 KKI'OKT Ol- MOLLIS R. i;AM,i:\. 

Jacob Kailey of Rowley. The history of Jacob liailey has 
been written, and 1 suppose it is accessible to most of you. 
It can be found in the Hoston Public Library. It was printe^l 
in the year 1853 under the title "The b'rontier Missionary: 
A IVIenioir of the Life of Rev. Jacob l^ailey," by William S. ikirt- 

Jacob was the oldest son of Deacon Lavid lUiley and one 
of seven children, and the memorial states that they were 
extremely poor. That the family was of j^ood repute is attested 
by the fact that Da\ id Jbiley was a deacon. iJavid 15ailey's 
occupation was that of farming, and his son Jacob spent his 
early years upon the farm with no incentive to seek any different 
employment, except as a thirst for knowled<i;e inherited irom 
his mother or from some ancestor of the IJaile)- branch may 
have impelled him to a more intellectual life. JCven in his early 
days he was different from the other bo)'s about him. lie 
stayed up nights to read and study when the other boys went 
to bed, and finally he attracted the attention of the minister in 
Rowley, who offered to take him in charge and fit him for 
college. With the assistance of the minister he was able to i)re- 
pare himself to enter Harvard College, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1755. He met with members of the church of l^igland 
in l^oston and at Portsmouth and found the worship of that 
church acceptable to him and finally was persuaded to take 
orders in the Church of Lngland. In 1670 we find him on 
his voyage to London, where he recei\'ed orders in the Church 
of ICngland, and then returned to this country as a mission- 
ary at a frontier settlement in Maine. There he worked and 
labored for many years with a little congregation half-star\'ed 
most of the time, until finally at the time of the outbreak of the 
Revolutionary War, with the aid of his parishioners, he had 
secured the erection of a small chapel and a parsonage. I 
do not know whether he had a horse or not. He had a cow. 
He took great pride in his garden. He received his support 
chiefiy from the stipend allowed by the Missionary Society 
in London. Living as he did in constant communication with 
England, it is natural that we should find him a staunch Tory. 
Having the true Hailey grit, he was not to be driven from 

Till': iiAii.i'.v-i;.\\i.i:v i .\mii,\- associa i ion. 23 

uiial hu .supposed to be rij^lu ; and pisl as Saimicl Hailcy, Jr., 
(Jii tlic one side, was ready to tight lor treedoin, so Jaeob Hai- 
lcy on the other was ready to lay tlown his lite rather than 
take any oath to su|)p(jrt the kevolutionary eause. As a last 
resort, after having endured all manner of abuse and perse- 
cution, he fled to Xo\'a Sc(;tia, where he s])ent the last )ears 
of his life. I'hat memorial of Jacob J5aile)' contains the early 
history of the i'!pi.scopal church in tliis countr)'. Above all, it 
shows the unflinching" zeal of a niend)er of the Bailey family, 
wiio, for what he supposed to be 1 ight, was willing t(; undergo 
any trials. As we look at it now, we think he was wrong, 
but it is a Hailey characteristic that whether a thing is right oi' 
wrong, if a 15ailey believes it is right, he will stick to it. 

'I'he {'resident- W'e are very fortunate in ha\ing with us 
to-day the lion. W. II. licc(\ of .South Weymouth, who has 
s[)ent much time in studying the history of the Baile)' family. 
Mr. Reed is connecteel with the Historical .Society of Wey- 
mouth and will be. able to give us some valuable intormation. 
1 have the pleasure ot presenting Mr. Reed. 

ADi)Ri:ss OF \v. 11. ri<:i;d, i:s(j. 

JOll.X IJ.MI.KV Ol'' .SALlSlilKV, MASS., .\X1) IIIS l)i:SCi:.\ DA NTS. 

On the 15th day of August, 1635, New luigland was vis- 
ited b)' a tremendous storm or hurricane, says Morton. It be- 
gan in the mtjrning, a little before da), and grew not by degrees, 
but came with great violence in the beginning, iu the great 
amazement of many. Jt blew ck)\vn sundr)', and un- 
covered divers others ; divers \essels were lost at sea and many 
m(;rc were in extreme danger. Among the many shipwrecks 
that took place in that great storm, there is one that deserxes 
more than a passing notice. 

A vessel from England, having on board emigrants for .\ew 
I^ngland, and jjrobably bound for Salem Harbor, or I]).-,wich 
Hay, was off the New laigland coast and was driven b)- the 

24 ADDKl'.SS 01' W. K. KI:KI). 

wild fury of this great storm on to the inhospitable siiores of 
l'emaquid,.(no\v Ikistol, Maine,) and among those shi])\vreckeil 
emigrants were John Bailey, Sr., and his two children, John 
Bailey, Jr., and daughter, Johanna. John Bailey was a weaver 
from Chippenham, in Wiltshire County, England. Tradition 
says that ni the winter of 1634-5 t^""-' Newbury settlers en- 
camped on the hills at the mouth of the Ijxswich River, and the 
records say that during that year many ships l^rought emigrants 
from luigland to the i'rovinces, and among those that came 
were John and Robert Pike, John l^mery, John liailey, Sr., 
John liailey, Jr., and others, in the )'ear 1637, when Newbuiy 
had been settled two )ears in the \icinity of j'arker Kiver, the 
venturesome and wandering spirit of John Hailey induced him 
to plunge farther into the wilderness and establish a home 
beyond the Merrimack, where he built his log cai)in and settled 
in solitude antl began to culti\'ate the soil! 

In the year 1640 in consecpience of the change of affairs 
in the Mother Country, emigration to New ICngland ceased. It 
was estimated at the time that about 4000 families, consisting of 
21,000 souls, had arrived in 298 ships and settled in this New 
World. In the year 1639 began the settlement of ICast Salis- 
bury, in 1638 called Merrimack, in 1639 called Colchester and in 
1640 incorporated under the name of Salisbury. On the Col- 
chester records can be found a list of those who received the 
early land grants in the first division and among those names is 
John Bailey, Sr. lie was a fisherman, having the sole right of 
fishing in the Powow River, granted him on condition that a 
certam proportion of the fish taken be given to the town. 

The history of Newbury says, "John Bailey, Sr., of Salis- 
bury, afterwards of Newbury, was fined iwe pounds for buying 
lands of the Indians without leave of the court, with condition, 
if he yield up the land, the same to be remitted." 'ihe idea 
that the JCnglish obtained the lands of the Indians by wrong 
or without an equivalent musi be recei\ed with great limitation. 
In most cases, says lloyt, the first settled towns were purchased 
of the sachems residing at the places selected by the English. 
In many old towns deeds given by them are now e.xtant, con- 
taining considerations for the lands sold, though generall)- of 


little value. To prevent injiustice the purchasers were restricted 
by government. In Massachusetts none were allowed to take 
deeds of the Indians, excepting- under certain conditions; and 
Plymouth Colony put similar checks upon their people. 

John Bailey, Sr., left a wife, a son Robert and two or more 
daughters in England. His wife's name is supposed to have 
been Elizabeth Knight, but she never came to New luigland. 
John l^ailey, Sr., died in November, 1651. His will was i)roved 
April 13, 1652. He gave his son John his home at Salisbury, he 
gave his daughter Johanna, wife of Wm. Huntington, and her 
husband, his home and lands which he bought of Valentine 
Rowell, west of the Towow River, and he gave his widow six 
[jounds if she came over to Newbury land. 

A very interesting and well prepared paper, by Alfred Hailey, 
I'^sq., of Salisbury, iMass., and reati by him before the Salisbury 
Improvement Association at their first out door meeting in June, 
1895, says: "No history of a town is complete without a well 
authenticated beginning. We therefore have pushed our re- 
searches far back into the dim starting jjoint of the town's exis- 
tence, and to the very hrst dawnings of its history. And our 
opinion, which was fully given in a former paper, is that, on 
yonder hillside in 1637, John Bayley built the first house within 
the limits of our town, and that from him the hill took its name, 
' Bayley's Hill, ' and has been so known through the centuries 
to the present time ; and furthermore, that the boundaries and 
extent of his original tract of land are still well defined and 

"If you wdl take your stand at the northwest corner of 
Charles Alexander's land and note the direction of the fences 
running from that point, the one on the northerly side running 
easterly towards the I'owow River and the other running 
southerly towards the INIerrimac River, and by extending these 
lines until you reach the rivers, )'ou will have witiiin that en- 
closure the entire tract of about 50 acres, which was the home- 
stead of the first settler, John Bayley, and this tract of land, 
triangular in shape, as )'ou can readily see aiul verify, ga\e 
color and direction to all contiguous estates, both to the north- 

26 ADDRESS OF W. li. KF.ED. 

ward and westward, as all lots both to the north and west were 
laid out parallel to l^ayley's lot. 

"I am of the opinion that these contiguous lots on both sides 
of Bayley's were laid out and some of them occupied prior to 
the layout of house lots at the green in Salisbury, and were, no 
doubt, among the lots in the first divisions of land in 1639. 

"Among the archives of the State is a record of the names 
of 37 persons ' Yt have hjts and perportions granted for the 
town of Colchester in the first division.' And there seems to 
be no good reason to doubt that some of the perportions in the 
first division were those of actual settlers on Hayley's Hill ad 

"To the northward and adjoining Bayley's lands was (icr- 
hard Haddon's lot of about 40 acres, and this was 1 laddon's land 
on which we are assembled and around the site of his hearth- 
stone we are now congregated. The next lot northerly was 
Thomas Macy's, then the eight rod highwa}', which we have 
heretofore describetl; farther on, the lots of Anthony Saddler, 
Richard Currier and others, while to the westward of J5ay ley's 
and extending far up into Pleasant Valley, were the lots of John 
Weed, \Vm. Huntington, Willie Partridge, John I'^ver, Christo- 
pher liatt, and others, all these lots taking their direction in 
parallel lines to Hayley's original layout." 

John (2) Jr., John ist. 

Was born in 16 13 in Chippenham, Wiltshire County, ICng- 
land. tic came to New lingland with his father in 1635 ; mar- 
ried Eleanor l^mery of Newbury, Mass. He did not join the 
settlement at Colchester at the time his father went there, but 
the first list found on the Salisbury records contains 68 names 
of those who received the early land grants, and among those 
names is that of John liailey, Jr. The grants to single men 
were that they inhabit before May 6, 1640. In the year 1655, 
John Bailey, Jr., and his brother-in-law, William Huntington, 
"who married Johanna Bailey," were the first inhabitants of 
the new town of Amesbury, Mass., and received 40 acres of land 
each beyond the pond bordering on Back River. 

He died and his wife died 



Rebecca, born 1641 ; married Isaac Bruwii, 

August 22, 1661. 
John, born May iS, 1643. 
Sarah, born August 17, 1644; married David Cheney, Oct. 

8, 1665. 
Joseph, born April 4, 1648 ; married Priscilla 
"^ James, born Sept. 12, 1650; married Mary C'arr, Sept. 17, 

•-.,-. Isaac, born July 22, 1654; marricil Sarah ]-"mery, June 13, 

Joshua, born ; died April 7th. 

Joshua, born April 20, 1659. 
Rachel, born Oct, 19, 1662; married Samuel Toor, Vch. 16, 

Judith, born August 13, 1C6S ; died in 166S. 

Jamks (3), John (2) Jr., John isr. 

Horn Sept. 12, 1650, at Newbury, Mass. Was the son of 
John Jkiiley, Jr., of Salisbur)', Mass. lie gi"aduatctl at Har- 
vard Ct)llege in 1669, was minister at Salem X'illage, (now J)an- 
vers), from 1671 to 1680. Married Sept. 17, 1672, Mary Carr. 
He wei>t to Killingworth, Conn., in 1682, and left before 1694. 
He died at Roxbury, Jan. 18, 1706-7. Was a physician there. 
His wife, Mary, died at Killingworth, Conn., Oct. 28, 1688. 
He married for his second wife one named Mary, and she 
died Oct. 23, 1717. His children were: 

Mary, born July 5, 1673 ; died August 10, 1673. 

John, born 1675. 

James, born 1678; married h^izabeth Ruggles. 

Isaac, born Oct. 22, 1681 ; Harvard 1701. 

Sarah, born Sej^t. 3, 1O83 ; died Sept. 25, 1683. 

Joshua, born 1685 ; married i'".li/.abeth Johnson. 

In 1750 the remaining son^, John Bailey of Killingworth, 
Conn., and Joshua of Haverhill, Mass., [letitioned the general 
court of Connecticut. 

Sibley's Harvard (Jraduates, vol. 2, pp. 291-299. 

28 address of w . ii. reed. 

James (4), James (3), John (2) Jr., John ist. 

Son of James and Alary (Can) Ikiley. liorn 167S at Salem 
Village (now Danvers) ; was a saddler, and lived in Ro.xbury, and 
known as Left. Bailey. He married about 1696-7 I'lizabeth 
Ruggles, daughter of Capt. Samuel Ruggles. He died Oct. 24, 
171 5, in Roxbury. 

Children (taken from the Roxbury records). 

James, born March 22, 1698 ; married Sarah ; settled in 
Weymouth, Mass. 

Mary, born August 8, 1699; died Dec. 14, 1700, 

Elizabeth, born Dec. 29, 1702; married }(thn Hennet and 
removed to Lancaster, Mass. 

Samuel, born Feb. i, 1705; remained on old homestead in 

Mary, born March 16, 1706 ; died June, 1707. 

Anna, born Jan. 7, 1708 ; married John Prentice; removed 
to Lancaster, Mass. 

Hulda, born July 10, 1710; died July 3, 171 1. 

Joshua, born August 26, 1713; probably died before 1733, 
as his name is not mentioned in settlement of the es- 

Elizabeth Bailey (the mother) died 1733. 

The following items appear upon the Roxbury church 
records: "Admitted to full communion Oct. 1697, James Bailey, 
Sr. Dismissed from the church in Salem, and recommend- 
ed to this church, same date, James liailey, Jr." 

James (5), James (4), James (3), John (2) Jr., John ist. 

The son of James and IClizabeth (Ruggles) Bailey; was born 
in Roxbury, Mass., March 22, 1698; he graduated at Harvard 

College in 1719; married Sarah , for as we find on the 

records of the First Church, in Andover, Mass., (now North 
Andover), under date of I'^eb. 26, 172 1-2, Mr. James Bailey, 
school master, and Sarah Bailey, wife of Mr. James Bailey, re- 
moved to Weymouth. After his graduation at Harvard he 


lived in Andovcr, where he tau<;hl school, and was probably 
studying theology at the saine time, lie was ordained first 
pastoiof the Second Congregational Church of Weymouth, Sept. 
26, 1723, and he died August 22, 1766, in the 69th year of his 
age, and the 43d year ol his pastorate, and was buried in 
the old burying ground on IMeasant Street, South Weymouth. 
Mis wife dietl in Boston, and was probably buried on Boston 
Common, T(jnib No. 14. lie served his first and only pastor- 
ate in Weymouth, and received as a salary seventy-si.x pounds 
a year, and a settlement of one hundred and thirty pounds. 
He was greatly beloved by his people, and was held in high es- 
timation by the neighboring parishes. His labors in the second 
precinct of Weymouth were greatly blessed, as the records of 
the church will show, for in 1737 to 1740 there was a great 
revival ot religion throughout New l^ngland, and at this time 
great numbers united themselves to the church, and testified 
by their conduct through life, the genuineness of their profes- 
sion, and the Second Church of Weymouth was not exempt, for 
we find on its records of April, 1742, no less than 45 adult per- 
sons who were taken into the church on one Sabbath day and 
received full communion. 

The following inscription will be found on his gravestone : — 

Sic Transit Gloria Mundi, 
here lies interred ye remains of ye Rev. James Bailey, horn at Roxbury, 
took his first degree at Harvard College, 1719, ordained first pastor of 
the Second Church of Christ iu Weymouth, Sept. 26, 1723. After a 
lingering indisposition departed this life August 22d, 1766, in ye 69th 
year of his age, in ye firm and supporting belief of those doctrines of 
grace which he had for ye space of 43 years preached publicly and from 
house to house. 

The sweet remembrance of ye just 
Shall flourish when tliey sleep in dust. 

CiiiLDRKx OF Rev. James and Sarah Baii.ey. 
James, born in Andover Jan. 15, 1722, 1 have no record of. 


Sarah, born in Weymouth April 27,1724 ; died April 7, 

Joshua, born in Weymouth Nov. 24, 1726; married first 
Mary l^lanchard, Sept. 3, 1747, second, l^lizaheth Hol- 
brook, August 10, 1762, and removed to Woolwich, Me. 
Thomas, born in Weymouth Oct. 10, 1728. Me removed 
to Boston, married, and had a large family, lie was 
deacon of a church in Hoston. 
Samuel, born in Weymouth March 27, 1730. He was ad- 
mitted to his father's church Feb. 3, 1753. He prob- 
ably removed to Boston. 
Nathaniel, born in Weymouth Dec. 27, 1731-2; married 
first, Tamar White, Oct. 3 1754, second, widow Deb- 
orah Pratt, Nov. 1,1789. 
Daniel, born in Wevmouth April i, 1734; died loth May 

Sarah, born in Weymouth June 15, 1735; married John 

Pratt of W^ey mouth Oct 17, 1756. 
John, born in W^eymouth P'eb. 2, 1737; removed to Wool- 
wich, Me. 
Daniel and Mary (twins) born Oct. 17, 1742; Mary, mar- 
ried Josiah Pratt of Weymouth, Aug. 20, 1759. 
Benjamin, born in Weymouth Dec. 1, 1745 ; died Oct. 

22, 1764, aged 19 years. 
I want to say a word here, in connection with Minister 
Bailey, that some fifteen years ago Hon. Joseph W. Porter of 
Bangor, member of the Maine Historical and Genealogical 
Society, wrote a short account of Minister Bailey's family, 
which was published in the Weymouth (jazette. He suggested 
the idea that some one ought to take up the remains of the old 
minister and place them in some incorporated cemetery, where 
the monuments could be protected and cared for, as he married 
and buried the jieoplc of South Weymouth for almost fifty 
years. Acting under Mr. Porter's suggestion, and with the co- 
operation of some of the descendants of Minister liailey, we 
caused in the summer of i<S90 the remains of the family, 
together with the headstones, which had been somewhat shat- 
tered by the hand of the vandal, carefully and tenderly to be re- 


moved to Highland Ceinctcry, and there placed in the Deacon 
Xathaniel Bailey (son to Minister Hailey) lot, after they had 
been buried 124 years. 

A few rods north of Ten River Bridge, on Pleasant Street, 
South Weymouth, on a little sandy knoll, unprotected and un- 
cared for, is probably the most ancient burying-place in South 
Weymouth. It was here that I found the remains of Minister 
Bailey, but the hand of the vandal had been there, for lying on 
the ground were several moss-covered gravestones that had been 
shattered and broken, and the inscriptions on sonie of those 
stones were for men of high military rank. 

N.vriiANiEL (6), Jami:s, (5), (4). (J), John (2). }n., John ist. 

Deacon Nathaniel Bailey, son of Rev. James and Sarah 
Bailey, was born in Weymouth, Dec. 27, 1731. He was the 
most important man of his day in the South i'arish of Wey- 
mouth. He was early in public life, as the records of the town 
of Weymouth will show, and no man in town was more highly 
esteemed and trusted. 

He was a soldier in the l-'rench war, 1755, at Crown Point, 
with rank of ensign, under the command of Capt. Samuel 
Thaxter and afterwards held the rank of captain in the State 
Militia. He was also an active member of the church, where 
he held tVie office of deacon. He was engaged in all of the im- 
portant work of the town during the struggle for independence, 
and to no one was the town more indebted for its success in 
that eventful period than to him. He was an ardent patriot 
during the Revolutionary War, working for the best interests 
of the colonies. His advice and counsel were often called for 
in state as well as in town affairs. He was elected delegate 
from Weymouth to the first Provincial Congress of Deputies 
in the Province of Massachusetts liay in New ICngland, con- 
vened at Salem on Friday, the seventh day of Oct., 1774 Also 
the second Provincial Congress convened at Cambridge on 
Wednesday, the first day of j-ebruary, 1775 'lucsday, Peb. 7, 
1775, ordered that Mr. P"isher, Dr. Church, Mr. liailey. Dr. 
Warren and Col. Thomas be a committee to take into consider- 
ation the account of the late delegates from this province who 

32 AnOKKSS Ol W. II. REi:i). 

attended the Continental Congress, and report what they be 
allowed for their expenses and tor their time while absent on 
the business of the iVovince, and also to devise some melh.ul 
how the money shall be procured to discharge the same. 

In Provincial Congress, Watertovvn, Aj^ril 30, 1775, ordered 
that Dr. Taylor, Mr. Bailey, Mr. Lothrop, Mr. Holmes and 
Col. Farley be a committee to consider what stejxs are neces- 
sary to be taken for a.ssisling the poor of Bostcm in moving out 
with their effects, to bring in a resolve for that i)urpose and to 
sit forthwith. 

Thursday, May 18, 1775, ordered that Capt. Brown, Mr. 
l^ailey and Mr. 15aker be a committee to sort and count votes 
for a committee of safety. 

At the Third Provincial Congress of the Cohjiiy of Mass- 
achusetts Iby, begun and held at the meeting house in Water- 
town, May 31, 1775, it was ordered that Deacon Bailey, Capt. 
Holmes and Col. Thompson be a committee to draw up a re- 
solve, recommending to the town of ICastham to chose a new 
member to represent them in this Congress. 

Friday, June 2, 1775, ordered that Deacon Bailey and 
eleven others be a ccmimittee to take into consideration the 
situation and circumstances of the seaport towns in this colony, 
which are exposed to the ravages of the enemy, and to sit 
. forthwith and report as soon as may be. Monday, June 19, 
1775, Deacon I^ailey and others were api)ointed a committee to 
inquire of the committee of supplies how far they have proceed- 
ed to supply the soldiers with blankets, etc., and make report. 
Thursday, June 22, 1775, ordered that Mr. Paul Revere's 
account be committed to Col. Farley, Mr. Hall and Mr. Bailey. 
Wednesday, July 5, 1775, ordered that Dr. Church, Col. 
Bowers and Mr. Bailey be a committee to confer with General 
Washington on the subject of furnishing his table and know 
what he expects relative thereto, and that they sit forthwith. 
Friday, July 7, 1775, ordered that Deacon Bailey, Major 
Brooks, Mr. Baker, Col. Grout, and Dr. Taylor be a committee 
to consider a resolve of the committee of safety, recommending 
to this Congress the seizing of the crown officers. Orderetl 
that Col. Robinson, Major Brooks and Deacon liailey be a com- 


mittce to procure a steward for His Kxcellency, General Wash- 
in«,^ton. Saturday, July 8, 1775, ordered that Col. Robinson, 
INIajor Ikooks and Deacon Hailey be a committee to make in- 
quiry forthwith for some ingenious, acti\e and faithful man, to 
be reconmiended to General Washington as a steward ; likewise, 
to procure and recommend to him some cai)able woman suitable 
to act in the place of a housekeeper, and one or more good fe- 
male servants. 

lie married for his first wife, Oct. 3, 1754, Tamar White, 
and had children: 

Lydia, born y\ug. i, 1755; married John Thomas, Jr., Dec. 

4. 1774- 
Tamar, born Dec. 13, 1756; married Josiah Thayer, May 

II, 1786, and removed to Sterling, Mass. 

Samuel, born June 14, 1758; died March 16, 1839; major in 

State Militia; married l':iizabeth lilancher, Nov. 17, 


Sarah, born July 12, 1763 ; died July 24, 1787, aged 24 years. 

Mary, born Jan. 26, 1765 ; married Nath. Richards, Jr., 

August 14,. 1784. 
Charlotte, born Sejit. 23, 1767 ; married James Richards, 

2d., Oct. 2, 17S8. 
Nathaniel, born Oct. 4, 1769. 
L^lizabeth, born July 19, 1772; married Josiah l^lanchard, ' 

June 27, 1793. 
Mrs. Tamar (White) ]^ailey, wife of Nathaniel, died June 
20, 1789, aged 58 years, lie married Widow Deborah i'ratt for 
his second wife Nov. i, 1789, and she died August 31, 1830, 
aged 68 years, and he died Dec. 17, 1812, aged Si years, and 
was buried in Highland Cemetery, South Weymouth. 

The following inscription will be found on his gravestone : 


in iiieinory of 

Nathi Bayley, Ivsq., 

Who died Dec. 17th, 1812. 

Aged 81 years. 


Calmly his fainting head he lay 
On his dear Saviour's breabt; 
• His Maker called his eoul away, 

^ud laid hid llesh to rest. 

Widow Deborah Pratt, Deacon Bailey's second wife, was a 
lovely Christian woman. She made the Holy Bible her daily 
study, and its teachings a guide through life. She was already 
a member of the l^ailey family, for her first husband was 
John Pratt, Jr., grandson of Minister Jiailey and nephew of 
Deacon Nathaniel. John Pratt, Jr., died, and Deacon Na- 
thaniel's wife died, and he wanted the widow. Deacon 
Nathaniel had a large farm, with its endless cares, he was 
away from home quite often, on town or state matters, his 
children were married and gone, and he wantetl some one to 
take charge of his household affairs, and, unlike the great 
IMymouth warrior, he did not propose to send John Alden, 
or any other man to intercede for him, for she was a rare 
flower, not born to blush unseen, and Deacon Bailey knew it, so 
he went himself and won her, and l)rought her back once more 
into the Bailey fold. 

His old colonial house is still standing on Main Street, 
South Weymouth, at the foot of the hill which bears his name. 
Deacon Bailey's Hill, and afterwards his son. Major Bailey's 
Hill. The original' house of Deacon Bailey was a large s(.|uare 
house one and a half stories high, but in the year 1808, four 
years before he died, he employed Mr. Benjamin Loutl as car- 
penter, and had it carried up another story, with a hip roof, at 
an expense of $6yo. The old 30-foot L is still standing on the 
north side of the house, and in the attic of this old L was packed 
away for 75 years more than a cord of the most valuable his- 
torical papers, all the sermons and papers of his father, Rev 
James, also all of his own private papers that had accumulated 
during his long term of public life, all his correspondence dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War, his military commissions, and also 
the military commissions of his son, Major liailey. These were 
all destroyed 50 years ago to get them out of the way, so that 
I find very little (jutside of the town and state records of which 
to make mention, and among those papers was probably de- 
stroyed the unrecorded deed of the first piece of land purchased 

Tin-: ISAlLIi'i'-liAVLKV I'AMll Y AS.S( )CI AI ION. 35 

ill 1723 by the 21.1 precinct of Wcymoutli for .Minister liiilcy's 
IMceting Hoiise to stand on, as no deed of tlie property has 
ever been foimd. 

Samu):l (7), Nathaniel (6), Jamks (5), (4), (3), John (2) Jr., 

John (i). 

Major Samuel, son of Deacon Nathaniel and Tamar 
(White) j^ailey, born in Weymouth, June 14, i75cS, married 
I'^lizabeth l^lancher, Nov. 17, 1785. He was a soldier m the 
Revolutionary War, and was stationed at Castle Island, lioston 
Harbor, for some time after the war. J le was also captain of a 
horse company, or lii^ht troop of horse, (organized in Wey- 
mouth in 1798, and disbanded in 1810. He held the rank of 
major in the State Militia, and was also dee[)ly interested in 
education and our public school system. He was an active 
member of the church, with which he became united in Auj.,aist, 
1790. lie was a just and ui)rii;ht man, belovetl and respected 
in military as well as in home circles. 


Samuel 1'., born August 3, 1788; married Thais Loud, Sept. 

Capt. Nathaniel, born No\'. 30, 1789; died in South .'\mer- 

ica, captain of a ship, June, 1820 
Sally, born Oct. 22, 1793 ; died {■"eb. 27, 1817, aj;ed 23 year.s. 
Hebbe, born Dec. 29, 1797; married John h". ra)'son of 

Chelsea, 1827. 
Mary P., born .August 7, 1806; married Josiah Torrey, 

Weymouth, June, 1839. 
Major Samuel, died March 16, 1839, aged 81 years, and his 
wife died Nov. 8, 1843, aged 85 years, and they were buried in 
Highland Cemetery, South \\'e}-mcHitli. The widow received 
a pension from the U. S. (iovernment. 

Sa.mi'kl p. (8), Sam'l (7), N.xTu'i. (6), Ja.\ii;s (5), (4), (3), 
John (2) Jk., John ist. 

Capt. Samuel P. Haile)', son of Maj(jr .Samuel and bilizabeth 
(Hlancher) Hailey, was born in Weymouth August 3, 178S. He 


was married to Thais Loud, daughter of Eliphalet Loud, Esq., 
September, j8i2, and at that time there was an English ship of 
war cruising along the coast committing petty depredations. 
On a Sunday morning he and liis young bride were attend- 
ing church, and during the service a messenger came to the 
church to warn the inhabitants of Weymouth that the liritish 
were about to land at Cohasset. Capt. Derby, captain of the 
Artdlery Company, jumped up on to one of the pews and ordered 
out the Artillery Comi)any at once, and then the militia were 
ordered out and there was great tumult and the meeting was 
dismissed. They had to take two days' rations and start forth- 
with, and Capt. liailey had to lea\e his young bride and go with 
the rest. He was elected the first captain of the Franklin 
Guards, a military company of Weymouth organ izetl in 1822, 
and he received his commission i'V-b. 26, 1822. They held their 
first muster on Richard's Plain, so called, in Weymouth. The 
company was disbanded about the )'ear 1834. 


Eliza Ann, born August 16, 1S14; married Oliver B. Siiaw, 

August, 1836. 
Nathaniel, born April 26, 1816; married Lucy H. Tirrell, 

November, i(S40. 
George, born April 13, 1818; married Beulah Hates, Nov. 

20, 1845. 
Maria, born May 29, 1820; married James Tirrell, May 11, 

James, born March 7, 1822; married Mary Sanborn, June, 

Sally, born Nov. 18, 1824; married David G. Webster, 

March, 1850. 
Augusta M., born June 14, 1831 ; died Feb. 24, 1834. 
He died Feb. 20, 1847, aged 53 years. His wife died Dec. 
7, 1858, aged 70 years, and they were buried in Highland Ceme- 
tery, South Weymouth. 

i'iil: I!.\ii.kv-havi.i:y i amilv association. t^j 

Nath'l (9), Saml'kl p. (8), Samuel (7), Nath'l (6), Jamks (5), 
(4). (3). John (2), Jr., John (i). 

Son of Capt. Samuel P. and 'Ihais (Loud) IJailcy was born 
in Weymouth, April 26, 1816. He marrietl Lucy \\. Tirrell, 
November, 1840. He was a prominent manufacturer of boots 
and shoes for many years. 


James H., born March, 1841, married I'riscilla P. Shaw, 

IMay 15, 1867. 
Augusta M., born March, 1846, died January 31, 1895. 
Fred L., born July 16, 1861. 
William, born Oct. 4, 1865, died Jannary 4, 1869. 
His wife, Lucy, died April [4, 1895. 

Jamks H. (10), Nath'l (9), Samuel P. (8), Samuel (7), Nath'l 
(6), Jame.s (5), (4), (3), JoiLN (2) Jr., John (1). 

James H., the son of Nath'l and Lucy (Tirrell) Ikiiley, born 
in Weymouth, March, 1841 ; married Priscilla B. Shaw, May 15, 


James H. Jr., born August 23, 1874. 
Rosalie, died young. 
J'Vank J., died young. 
Ro.salie, born March 10, 1879. 
Helen, born August 2^,, 1888. 

I'ART il 



In the year 1662, says Neal, the spirit of the church ran 
very high in iCngland against the Presbyterians and Indepen- 
dents. The bishops would come to no terms with them, but 
by an act of uniformity which took i)lace un St. i^artholomew's 


day, about two thousand ministers were turned out of their 
benefices without the least provision for themselves or families. 
They were afterwards banished five miles out of every cor- 
pt)ration in ICngland, and several at last dietl in prison for e.\- 
ercising their ministry in private, eontrary to law, for it was 
made a crime to attend a dissenting place of worship. A single 
justice of the peace might convict without a jury, and might, 
for the third offence, pass sentence of transportation beyond 
the seas for seven years. With refined cruelty it was pro- 
vided that the offender should not be transported to New l{ng- 
land, where he was likely to find symi)athizing friends. If he 
returned to his own country before the e.\])iralion of his teim of 
exile, he was liable to capital punishment. The jails were 
therefore soon crowded with dissenters, ami among the suffer- 
ers were some ol whose genius ami virtue any Christian society 
might well be proud. 

But some of them being willing to get out of the storm, re- 
moved to New luigland. Among these were : 

Rev. James Allen, who settled at Boston, Pastor JMrst 

Rev. John Bailey, who settled at W'atertown, Pastor I'^irst 

Rev. Thomas Bailey, who settled at Watertown. 
These "spent the remainder of their lives in this country. 

One of the most distinguished of the earl)' di\'ines was 
Rev. John Bailey, whose name is spelled with "i" but not with 
"e." }Ie was a Congregational minister, born P'cb. 24, 1643-4, 
near Blackburn in Lancashire, l^igland. "He was unquestion- 
ably an able man," says Sprague in his annals of the American 
pulpit. Me was offered, in case he should conform to the Es- 
tablished Church, a duke's chaplaincy, with a deanery and a 
bishopric whenever a vacancy should occur, but he rejected the 
offer. He was imprisoned twice on account of his Congrega- 
tional principles, notwithstanding his irreproachable character. 
He was granted no release until he jtromised to leave the coun- 
try, which he did in 1684, accomj^anied by his younger brother, 
Thomas, who was also a minister. He came to l^oston and re- 
sided there for a time and in 1686 was ordained as the fourth 


pastor of the l-'irst Church of Watcrtuwn, Mass., and his 
brother, Thomas, became his assistant. Thomas ched ye 2ist 
of January, 1688, a^^ed 35 years, and was buried in W'atertown, 
after which John removed back to l^oston, where he was in- 
vited to Rev. James Allen, pastor of the First Church. 
Here he remained to the close of his life, Dec. 12, 1697, aged 
53 years. His wife's name was Susanna, and by the records of 
the iMrst Church of J3oston, they had a son John, born Jan. 
17, 1697, and died the nth of March following. And the 
same records give the marriage of Peter Thacher of Milton 
and Susanna liailey of Boston, by Rev. Samuel W'illard, Dec. 
25, 1699. 

The Mas.sachusetts Gazetteer says, "The First Church of 
VVatertown (now Unitarian) was organized in 1630, and the first 
minister was l\.ev. George Phillips. He was followed by the 
Rev. John Sherman, who was settled in 1664, and the Rev. 
John liailey, ordained in 1686." 

Ri:v. John Bailkv. 

This useful minister (;f the gospel in Ireland and New 
Fngland was born P'eb. 25, 1643-4, »^^^r l^lackburn in Lanca- 
shire. His pious mother dedicated him, even before he was 
born, to the service of (iod. "PVom a child he knew the Hoi)' 
Scriptures and was by them made wise unto salvation through 
faith which is in Christ Jesus." He gave evidence ot his 
gracious state by his habitual fear of God and the jMactice ot 
daily prayer. This was attended with one very remarkable and 
happy effect. His father was a wicked man and his mother 
took her son, while he was yet a child, and calling the family 
together, caused him to pray for them. His father, hearing 
how the child [)rayed with the family, was so struck with con- 
viction that it proved the beginning of his conversion to (}od. 
This pious ycnith at the age of 22 entered on the work of the 
ministry at Chester and continuetl in the distant lands to which 
he was called, faithful unto the end. (Copy from the book en- 
titled "Mothers of the Wise and Good" by Jabez Burns, D.D., 
author of Pulpit, Cyclopedia, Christians' Daily Potion, Christian 
Philosophy, etc.) 


Wii.L OF John Bailkv. 

In the name of God, Amen, ye 12th of October, Anno 
Donino 1697, I, John l^ailcy of Boston, in New PZngland, clerk, 
bequeath unto his cousins, John Bailey and Thomas Bailey, 
sons of my brother Thomas Bailey, ten pounds apiece. My 
brother Henry Bailey, near Blackburn in Lancashire in Eng- 
land, five pounds. And my will is that if my brother Henry 
l^ailey brings up any of his sons in ye work and office of the 
ministry, such son to have all my Latin, Greek and Hebrew 
books, together with all my communion and exposition on any 
part of the Scriptures ; if not, to my wife at her disposal. To 
my sister Lydia liailey in Kngland, ten pounds ; all ye rest to 
my wife, Susanna Bailey, she to be executrix ; request my 
friend Peter Sargent, Esq., to be overseer to assist my executrix 
as ye matter shall rec|uire, touching my brother and sister in 

The following inscriptions were copied from old moss- 
covered gravestones in the old burial place, Watertown, Mass.: 

Here lyes the precious dust of Thouias Bailey. 
A paiuful preacher. A most desirable ueighbor. 

An eniiueut liver. A pleasant companion. 

A tender husband. A common good. 

A careful father. A cheerful doer. 

A brother for adversity. A patient sufferer. 

A faithful friend. Lived much in little time. 

A good copy for all survivors. 
Aged 35 years. 
He slept in Jesus ye 21st of January, 1688. 

Pious Lydia made and given by God 
As a most meet help unto John Bailey, 
Minister of the Gospel. 
Good betimes — Best at last. 
Lived by faith-— Died in grace- 
Went off singing — I<eft us weeping. 
Walked with God till translated in ye 39th year of her age, 
April 16, 1691. 
Read her epitaph in Prov. xxxi. 10, 11, 12, 28, 29, 30, 31. 

riir: ii.\ii.i:v-i!.\vi.i:v I'Wmii.v associaiion. 41 

I'AKr 111. 
t.riDo i;aii.I':\ 

(iiiido Hailcy iiKived i'roni Salem to IJrid^cwatcr, Mass., 
ami was amon^ the first settlers of tiie town. 1 le took the oath 
of fidelity there in 1657, and he purehased John Irish's propri- 
etary right or share in 1651), and was ealletl of Hridgewater. 
He first lived in West Hridi;e\\atei', near (looilman Lathrop's 
and the Haj.;gy meadow, but afterwards appeared in South 
Hridgewater, near where the late Zeehariah Whitman after- 
wards li\-ed. lie sold his plaee in West Hridgewater to his 
nephew, Manasseh Marston of Salem, in KXjd, the seleetmen 
eonsenting to it, to whom he lixjm age antl infirmity had i)ie- 
viously applied for assistance, the said Marst(.n to maintain him 
and his daughtei- Mar)', lie had in 1687 con\e)'etl his whole 
estate, "excepting what he had before gis'en to the rest ol his 
children," to his son Guido, who died soon aflei', and the pr()[)- 
erty came back again to the father, (iiiido, Sr., tlied about I70!j. 
1 [is wife's name was Ruth. The)' had children, Guido, Maiy, 
Ruth and l^li/abeth. Guido, jr., died about lOijo, and l'd)ene/ei' 
I lill settled his estate. Mary hrsl married a Randall and second 
married Isaac Leonard about 1701 ; slie eoiu'eyed 20 acres ol 
land to her cousin Marston, 1697, who was to take care ol her, 
and he conveyed it to Leonard in 1702. Ruth marrieil Idxiie- 
zer Hill in 1684. b'dizabeth married James Harris in KjiJj ; her 
father gave her his estate and farm in West Hriiige water by 
Lathrop's. In 1703 the town directed tlie selectmen to take 
care of the widow Hailey and kee|) her in possession ol her just 
right in her late husband's estate as far as may be. This lam- 
ily name has been extinct for almost two centuries. 

The President -We shall now have the pleasure ol listen- 
ing to singing by Mrs. I'd)en H. Hailey of Hoston. 

Mrs. Hailey sang two songs, one entitled "Little i\hirgaret," 
the words of which were written by ICmily I'earson liailey and 
the music for which was comjjosed by Lben 11. Haile)-. 

'J"he President— Before commencing the next number, I 
wish to say in behalf of the association that we lender our sin 
cere thanks to the organi/^ation in whose house of worship we 


arc meeting to-day. It is j^ivcn to us free and it is certainly a 
x'cry great kindness on their part. 

Now we shall have the pleasure of listening, as the closing 
number, to a recitation by I\Irs. (irace Norwood Hailey of Bos- 
ton. Mrs. Bailey's selection was "The Set of 'I'urquoise" by 
Thomas Bailey Aldrich. 

At the close of the recitation a j)hotograph was taken of 
those present, after which the meeting adjourned to the grove 
nearby, and until about 3 o'clock spent the time in lunching, 
inspecting the family charts, wiiich were posted in conspicuous 
places, etc. 

ArTKKNOO.x i:.\i':i<cisi;.s. 

About 3 v. M., the president called the association to order 
in the dancing pavilion, saying, "It is my pleasure to introduce 
to you as the ne.xt speaker Rev. Vincent Moses of West 


I will first read a short letter that I received last evening, 
for this letter will show something of what this association is 
doing. The letter is from Mrs. A. K. Prescott, Helena, Mon- 
tana. Observe the distance from which this letter comes. 
Now see what she says, it is addressed to me: — "Dear Sir: 
Am in receipt of notice of the gathering of the Bailey family 
at Ciroveland." This was written August 8th and I received it 
only yesterday, August 14th. "I am a lineal descendant of the 
liaileys of Newbury, Mass. It was my great-grandfather, J;icob 
Bailey, who settled the town of Newbury, Vermont. I am not 
satisfied with my knowledge of the early settlers in America 
of that name and I will ask you to put me in communication 
with some one who can furnish me with that information and 
oblige." I do not know why she wrote to me, but the reason I 
assign is this. I am on the circular that was sent out as resid- 
inic in West Newburv. West Newbury, on that circular, I 
suppose, stands next to Newbury, and so I suppose she thought 

THE liAir.r.v-n.wi.Kv kamii.\ association. 43 

she was writing; as near as possible lo old Newbur)-. Now 
I wish to know whom 1 can hand ihis letter for reply to 
her. Her <;reat-granclfather was Jacob iJailey, one of the first 
settlers of Newbury, X'erniont. It was through him, I sup- 
pose, that the name of Newbury was i^iven to that new town 
in V'ermont. 

I was asked to say something; about the Baileys in West 
Newbury. What 1 may say ma)- not be very intelli.i;ible to 
those who are not familiar with the town of West Newbury, 
but we presume part of the persons jjresent know something;- 
of West Newbur). For se\eral )ears there have been nt)l a 
lew Baileys in the parish and later in the town of West New- 
bury. There are between four and five thousand voters at 
present in the town of West Newbury. On the votinj,^ list 
there are eleven Baileys. The present treasurer of our town is 
a J^ailey. Last year the treasurer and collector was a Baile)-. 
Bast selectmen are found amon^- the Bailey.-, al present in West 
Newbur)-. ( )ne of our Baileys was for two years our post- 

In West Newbur)' we claim the Rev. Augustus I'. Baile), 
of whom you ha\'e heard this morninj^-. lie was a natiw of 
West Newbury and lived there until he was a younj; man, so 
we take pride in him, and wish it to be understood that he is of 
our West Newbury stock. At present there are nine or ten 
first cousins of Rev. Au<.(ustus \'. Bailey in West Newbur)-, all 
on the Bailey side. His mother's family was not from West 

I have said a word in regard to the Baileys at j^jresent in 
West Newbury. I have seen a map of West Newbury of 65 
years ago. That map i;"i\'es all the families in the town, the 
streets, the houses and owners, but not the names of the 
streets. On this map of 65 )'ears a<^o 1 fouml 13 Jiaile)' 
families, and amoni.^ those names I found a colonel anil a major. 
I found the lar.^est business among the Jiailey names. As 
to the location of these 13 Bailey families in West Newbur)- 
65 years ago, eight of the thirteen were in the west part of the 
town on the main road just east of here, eight of them in this 
west part of the town, ami we suj)pose that these eight 

44 AnnKi:s> oi' kk\". \'in(:i:nt moses. 

families were all descendants from one Bailey famil)-. The 
other five families were located at the training- field. So the)- 
were in two groups. 

Now I will go back lOO years before that, having seen a 
map of West Xewbury of the )'ear of 1729, 101 years earlier 
than this map of 1S30. This map also gives the houses in the 
town and the names of the families and the streets. There 
are names also of some lanes on this old nia[). 'I'he roads in 
general were not named. iVccording to this old map of 16O 
)'ears agcj, there was a John Bailey living by the Merrimac River 
at the extreme northeastern corner of the jiaiish, just opposite 
Deer Island. It is not West Newbur)' now, but it was then. 
Whence this Jolin Bade)' came and whither he and all iiis de- 
scendants went I kncnv not. There was a Stepiien Bailey located 
on what I sln)uld now say was the Ma)()r (iurne)' place. .'\n)- 
thing more of this Stephen Bailey I do not know. There was 
an Isaac Ixiiley famil)' on I'ipe Stone Mill, near what is now 
the Moody place, and the first house on the ri\'er side of the 
road this side of the church. I do ncjt know an)thing more of 
this Isaac Bailey. 'There was a Josh Bailey at the training llcld. 
just back of where Will Merrill now lives, and that street is 
called on that map Bailey's Lane. It is the street wherf' the 
car stables are ncnv situated in West Newbury. I judge that 
the five Bailc)' families of the 1830 map that are located at the 
training field are the descendants of this Josh Bailey who lived 
there 100 )'ears before, and the descendants of this Bailey and 
these Bailey families are still foimd in West Newbur)-. 'The 
fifth and last Bailey on this old map was Joseph Baile)', who 
was k)cated a little off from the main road where Mr. Stevens 
now lives. 'That was the hist family of the Richard Bailey line 
in West Newbury and the only family of that line on this old 
map of 1729. I take it that the eight Bailey families of 1830 in 
the west part of the town are all the descendants of this Joseph 
Bailey, and this Joseph J^ailey, as you know now, was the son 
of the Joseph Bailey who settletl here half a mile below on the 
river where, until this spring, an old barn stood that was said to 
belong to Joseph Bailey in West Newbury, and by the appear- 
ance of the buikhni-- we should sav that it might ha\e. It is 



not tliere now ; was taken down this spring-. 'Ihjs was not 
(irovcland then, it was Rowle)-. .Since then it was I'ast Hrad- 

So, as you have already been told this I'orenoon in the 
church, this meeting, in which are piesent so many of the de- 
scendants of this Jo.seph IJailey, is almost on the Hailey farm. 

.\ow, to return for only a short time to W' Newbury. 
We say there arc ele\'en l^ailey \'()ters in West Newbury now. 
I suppose there are 50 i^ersons who bear the l^ailey name in 
West Newbury at present. If we strike an average of the 
iiaileys at the different periods we shall find an average of 43 
Baileys, and we can .say there has been an average of 45 Jiaileys 
in West Newbury during the last 200 years. In these two cen- 
turies we have six sets of Jiaileys, which wouKl make about 300 
different Haileys living in W est Newbury from the beginning. 
21)0 years ago. Do you wonder that some one should be called 
ui)on to say something about the i^aileys of West Newbur) .' 
Where is there another town that can ])roduce as good a record ? 

Now these nearly 300 l^aileys who have lived in West New- 
bury have held a fair share of the military and ci\ il offices and 
have possessed a fair share of the business, wealth and industry. 
They have formed a part of the moral, religious and respected 
people of the town. Many and long-lived be the l^ailcys in 
West Newbury. 

The President— I do not hapj^en to know what the next 
speaker is going to talk about, but know he will say something 
interesting. If you want to hnd a man that can answer any 
question you may ask in the line of electricity, )'ou will ask the 
speaker I am going to introduce to you. 1 have the pleasure 
of presenting I'rofessoi- Amos K. Dolbear of Tufts College. 



Some wise one, I don't know his name, said in substance 
that if one wished to succeed in life he must be,i;in by choosint;- 
his ancestors. If one be well born, half the labor is already 
over. In the world ancestry is of all sorts, but there arc 
abundant traces of the influences of "stock" through many 
New ICngland families. Some to-da)' aie able to trace their 
lineage far back of tiie landing of the Pilgrim fathers, but 
the aboriginal stock of the country is practically exterminated. 
It is not so in luigland. A certain lord thought that he had 
not been treated with proi)ei' deference by a countryman 
and haughtily said to him, "Are you aware that my ancestors 
came over with William the Conciueror .'" The countr)nian re- 
plied : "If they did, they found mine here when they came." 
And all through Oreat Britain arc to be found ilescendants 
of the conquered race, as well as the conquering. 

The earl)' settlers of New luigland were in many cases 
the founders of families, that is they abounded in vitality. 
The present generation, and this gathering" in particular, 
is proof of this. Vigor, energy and endurance have persisted 
in the Bailey family beyond the third and the fourth gen- 
eration. They were so busy in the making of history they took 
but little pains in the writing of it, and so left to this genera- 
tion the delightful task of hunting up relationships and com- 
piling genealogies. 

All of you are aware what great discussions have been go- 
ing on in recent years about heredity. It was formerly thought 
and believed without question that each generation started with 
some of the advantages due to the experioicc of its prede- 
cessors, that later generations had more ability than earlier 
ones. It is now seriously questioned whether any characteristic 
acquired in one's lifetime has any effect whatever, forms part 
of the mental m:ike-ui) of his descendants Ability is de- 
pendent upon nature's stock and not on effort. If such a view 
is not yet proved in its entirety, it is certain that more than half 
of the biologists of the world are persuaded of its probability. 
It means that what tins generation has in the way of advantage 

Till". i;aii.i:v-I!Avm:v iamii.y associaiion. 47 

over its prctleccssors is in the mechanism of society, not in inatc 
ability to do any particular thin^^ better than they. I'Or e.\- 
aniple, musical ability as such is as inate and as <;real in an 
African as in a (ierman, so that on proper opportunity the 
former will become as skillful as the latter, as has been shown 
over and over a^i^ain. If Africa i)roduces no music, it is because 
between our music and the African there are hundreds of years 
of nnentions in the way of developed scales, perfected instru- 
ments and theory, things which in themselves are not music, 
bu. aids to it. Now the sij^nificance to all this to this occasion 
lies here. Are there not traceable in this i;reat Kailey family 
to-day the characteristics of the earlier ones, which neither 
place nor opjiortunity have effaced and which <;ive character to 
this gathering-, making it in such particulars different from any 
other body assembled in a similar way, and will msure its 
continuance } 

It has had its eminent members in all the years and in many 
fields. In Appleton's Hiograjjhical Dictionary I noted the 
names of 22 Baileys who had become distinguished. They 
belonged in law, in medicine, in art, in literature and m 

i-'rancis Hailey was an l£nglish astronomer, a discoverer, 
and one of the founders of the London Astronomical Society. 
Matthew IJailie was an eminent i)hysician and employed by 
the royal family. Joanna Hailie was a Scotch poet, lulward 
Hailey was a scul])tor and made statues of many eminent men. 
Jacob Whitman Bailey was a naturalist ami microscopist. 
He gave his collection of 4500 specimens to the Boston So- 
ciety of Natural History. He was president of the American 
-Association for the Advancement of Science in 1S57. Loring 
W., his son, is chemist and get)logist and has for many year.s 
been on the geological survey of Canada. VV. W. Bailey is 
a botanist and professor at Ikcnvn University. Another Bailey 
is a profes.sor at Cornell University. His work is in horti 
culture. He has lately made some most important discoveries 
in the application of electricity to growing plants. 

A stock so vigorous as to found large families, so enter- 
prising as to be willing to occupy new territory, and so gifted 

48 ADDKI-.SS Ol' AI.l'Ki:i) i;AII,KV 

as to furnish foremost men in all the worthy fields of life 
has the world before it, and the world belon^^s to the one that 
can take it. 

The i'resident — Mr. Alfred Bailey of Salisbur)', there has 
been a request made that you should come to the platfoim and 
let us hear a few words from you. I have the pleasure of in- 
troducing Mr. Alfred Bailey of Salisbury Point. 

John 1^a\lkv's Ci:i.lak. 

John Buyley, one of the earliest ot the name to emigrate 
to these western shores, is first heartl from as shipwrecked at 
Pemaquid (now Bristol, Me.) in 1635. lie ne.xt appears at 
\ewbury, Mass., and in 1637 ^^^ '^'i*^' ^''•^"' '^ squatter in the 
woods on the northern bank of the Merrimac River. His- 
torians tell us that he brought his son John with him ; from which 
we are led to infer that John, Jr., was then a boy under his 
father's care and direction, while, in fact, John, Jr., was at that 
time 22 years old. 1 listoriansdo not tell us that he also brought 
his daughter Joanna with him. And yet Joanna was here at an 
early date and married William Huntington, probably as early 
as 1640, and became the ancestress of the numerous antl 
highly respected families of that name in Amesbury and 

On that ele\-ated plateau of land at the easterly side of 
the summit of liailey's Hill in Amesbury are to-day the remains 
of two cellars. The one in the rear is known to have been at an 
early date the home of Abraham Morrill, the son of Abrahani 
the emigrant ; but of the other — the unknown cellar.' Whose 
hands fashioneil it in the long, long ago.' Who was it that 
selected this most beautiful spot in the wide world for a home ? 
We say it was a stranger from the Old World, shipwrecked and 
persecuted, seeking rest and peace — John Bayley. What a beauti- 
ful location was this. Before him was the ever-changing beautitul 
river, the Merrimac ; to the left the winding silver thread ot 
the Powow is seen, while all around stretches a grand panorama 


of torcsl;, nieaduw, vale and hill. At the hilltop old ocean's 
breaking- waves at the nu)uth of the river are distinctly seen. 
Near by a crystal stream of water, pure and sweet, trickles 
from the hillside. Many years ago I st(Jod by the side 
of this ancient cellar in company with the venerable Mr. 
David Lowell, who was born in 1757. He was born 
and lived his whole life of 97 years in the house built 
by his father and situated at the entrance of the way lead- 
ing to the hill. I asked him whose cellar it was and who 
had lived there. His answer was that there had been no house 
there within his recollection, neither had he heard his 
parents say who had lived there. This cellar was a favorite 
resort of the boys of my time. In its centre was a large stone. 
l^y the side of this stone the boys built their fires and cooked 
their chowders or fried their fish. This big stone has long 
since been removed. Later in life we lived for a time imme- 
diately under the hill towards the Merrimac from this cellar. 

I do not claim John Jiiyley as my ancestor, but I have 
good reason to believe that I am a descendant from Richard 
l^ailey of Rowley. My father, 'Idiomas liailey, was born in 
Leering, N. H., in 17S9. He was the eldest of the 11 children 
of Thomas and Anna (Keniston) Bailey. I have heard him 
tell of a visit he made when quite young to his great-grand- 
])arents, who lived in Haverhill, Mass., and how the old couple 
"cootered over him" as he expressed it. This must ha\e been 
at least 100 years ago, and as he had seen and known his grand- 
father, libenezer Bailey of Haverhill, it is quite probable that 
ICbenezer had seen and known his grandfather, Jose[)h of Ikad- 
ford, the son of the first emigrant, Richard. So a few lives 
form a connecting link and bridge the chasm between the early 
and the later times. And so it devolves ujjon a Bailey of 
another clan to join together the fragments of the misty past, 
the story of the ages hidden within the bosom of the old cellar 
by the hillside and connect it with the first settler, John Bayley. 
And so ancient deeds, the layout of roadway.s, the little brook, 
the ancient ferry, all tell their little stories, and in them we 
believe and put our confidence. In 1650 John Bayley removed 
to Newbury. His son John and family were there. His 


daughter Joanna and husband and children had removed to 
Pleasant Valley. Mis wife and other children had not crossed 
the Atlantic to cheer and comfort his declining years. He died 
in Newbury in November, 1651. Hy his will he gave his house 
in Salisbury to his son John during his lifetime, then to his 
grandson, John (3). John (3) died in 1663, and so did not come 
into possession of his grandfather's estate in Salisbury. .Some 
years since Mr. Joseph Merrill, the historian of Amesbury, 
came to my place with a copy of a deed of four acres of land 
sold to Kdward Goodwin by John liayley (2) in 1665 described as 
as follows, viz : — Southeasterly by the river, northeasterly by 
a little run, southwesterly by the highway and northwesterly 
by land of John Bayley, being 17 rods in width from the 
river. The little brook still runs as of yore near the store 
of Miss Elizabeth Trussed, the hue at the northwest, which 
was then by the other land of John Bailey (2) and on which the 
old cellar is still intact and was verified by Mr. Merrill and 
myself. Mr. Goodwin, who bought the four acres, established 
a ferry here in 1669. In 1670 the highway mentioned in Good- 
win's deed was legally laid out and located, passing through 
Bailey's land no 1-2 rods, and by this layout we are enabled to 
locate the entire homestead lot of John l^ailey of about 50 acres, 
triangular in shape and running to the Merrimac Ri\er on the 
westerly'side and to the Powow on the northerly side. And 
now, having located without a doubt the lands of John Bayley, 
we will attempt to prove that the cellar on the hillside was 
none other than his. And first we have the testimony of the 
venerable David Lowell already given, "No house in his day." 
Skipper Gideon Lowell, great-grandfather of David, came into 
possession of a large part of the hill property prior to 17 18, 
and in that year he built a house which is still standing. He 
came from Newbury and established a trading station at the 
mouth of the Lowow. Had he built a house also on the hill, 
great-grandson David would have known u( it, and we find no 
evidence that any of the children of John Bayley (2) ever lived 
in Amesbury. Later on, Capt. W-'illiam liayley, a descendant 
of John, came from Newbury to Amesbury and married Anne 
Lowell, a granddaughter of Skii)per Gideon. He was a ship- 



builder of note and has many descendants. He built a large 
and imposing mansion, which was torn down more than 50 years 
since. A few years later the late Abner L. Bayley, l'2sq., built 
a house upon the same site. He was a descendant of William, 
the shipbuilder. lie also owned the hilltop of the estate of 
his ancestor John (i). This hilltop is still in possession of his 

Our theory then is that this property at l^ayley's Mill was 
deserted by the immediate descendants of John liayley, and 
the cabin built by him left to decay and ruin until its very 
existence had passed from the knowledge and memories of the 

"An old-tiuie cellar open to the sky, 
A mere depression with green, grassy slopes, 
A location of beauty on the hillside high, 
Are all that's left of former toil and hopes." 

Among the persons attending the gathering was I\Ir. John 
\V. Bailey, who was born in Bradford, N. II., 1814. His grand- 
father, John N. Bailey, was born Nov. 3, 1728. His father, 
Cyrus Bailey, Nov. 22, 1783. John W. liailey moved to Haver- 
hill, Mass., in 1842, and for 27 years was in the employ of the 
lioston & Maine Railroad Company. 






or THE 

Bailey-Bayley Family Association, 


Rowley, Hass., August 19th, 


SoMERViLLE Citizen Print. 



Motto of Association, - - - - - 4 

lUisincss Meeting, . . . . . ^ 

Officers Elected. - - - - - - 6 

Address of William f I. keed, - . . . 7 

Poem by Mrs. l^lizabeth S. K. Bailey, . . . g 


Address of ilollis R. Jiailey, - - - - 10 

Notice of Albert I'oor's .Address, - - - 11 

Poem by Mrs. l^mily P. Hailey, - - - - II 

Address of Albert lulward liailey, - - - 13 

Original Ode by Mr.s. Mary P. Hailey, - - - 16 

Account of Thomas Payley, Senior, of Weymouth, 

by W^illiam H. Ri^ed, . . - . 17 

Will of Thomas Hayley, Senior, of Weymouth, - - 24 

Inventory of Instate of Thomas Bayle/, Senior of Weymouth, 26 

List of Members of l^ailey-Hayley p-amily Association, 27 

Bailey-Bayley Family Association 

Motto : 
Semper Fidelis — Always Faithful. 

Account of the Fourth Annual Gathering 

oi" Till-; 


Held at Rowley, Mass., August 1 9th, 1896. 


The meeting was called to order by Hollis Russell Bailey, 
Esq., of Cambridge, Mass., president of the association, at 1 1 45 
A. M., in the Baptist Church. 

The opening prayer was made by Rev. David M. Locknow 
of Rowley. 

In the absence of the secretary, John T. liailey of Somer- 
ville, the president called attention to the printed report of the 
last annual gathering. 

The treasurer, James R. liailey, presented his report, which 
was accepted and placed on file. This repe)rt showed a total 
expenditure by the treasurer during the year of about $150, of 
which the principal items were for printing "Account ot Third 
Annual Ciathering," printing circulars and programs and for 
postage. The report further showed an indebtedness of the 
society of about $43, consisting of 1^18.75 due to i:)rinter and $2$ 
due to one of the officers for money advanced. 

]^y vote of the association the president api)ointed \Vm. W. 
Bailey, James R. Bailey and Rev. Vincent Moses as a committee 
to nominate officers for the ensuing )'ear. 

The matter of a motto for the as.'-ociation was next con- 
sidered, and by a unanimous vote the following motto was 
adopted : 

Semper Fide/is — Always Faithful. 


The committee appointed to nominate officers having" re- 
ported, the following were elected officers for the ensuing year: 

President, J. Warren Bailey of Somerville. 

Vice-Presidents, Kben 11. Bailey of Boston and John T. 
Bailey of Somerville. 

Secretary, Mollis R. Bailey of Cambridge. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey of Lawrence. 

I^xecutive committee : The above-named officers, ex-officio, 
together with John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Dr. Stephen (i. 
Bailey of Lowell, Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of Rowley, \Vm. II. 
Reed of South Weymouth, George lulson liailey of Mansfield, 
Albert Edward Bailey of Rowley and \Vm. W. Bailey of 
Nashua, N. H. 

Brief reports were made by members of committees on 
genealogy, including Hollis R. Bailey and Dr. Stephen G. Bai- 
ley, showing considerable progress made in the gathering of 
genealogical information. The forenoon exercises concluded 
with a brief address by Wm. H. Reed and the reading of an 
original poem contributed by Mrs. Elizabeth S. h^nerson Bailey 
of Marietta, Ohio. 



I received an invitation from v'our committee to say a word 
here to-day, and I will state that I received a letter from Dr. 
J. O. Robinson of West Newton, Pa., with the best wishes for 
the Bailey Association and their fourth annual reunion. Dr. 
Robinson is in his 8oth year, and has been in {)ractice in West 
Newton, Pa., for 48 years. His mother was Achsah Bailey, 
eldest dau[;hter of Daniel Bailey, who moved from Bridgewater, 
Mass., to Bud's Ferry in Pennsylvania in 1794. Dr. Robinson 
is the last one living of the family and he has sent me valuable 

I received a letter from Hon. John Bailey of Wells River, 
Vt., saying, "Business engagements will stand in the way of my 
being with you this year, but am in hopes to be with you next 

I also have manuscript of the descendants of Joseph Bailey, 
son of John Bailey and Sarah White of Scituate, through Adams 
Bailey, Daniel Bailey, Seth Bailey, Jr., and Martin Bailey, some 
of whom moved West before 1800. 

It is one of the most interesting and one of the UKist 
valuable records that has been presented to this association. It 
was compiled by Miss Lucy Dennison Bailey of Marietta, 
Ohio, and she spent much time in collecting data for it. Her 
work shows her to be a woman of more than ordinary ability, 
well up in historical, genealogical and biographical literature 
and very thorough in her research. Her father was William 
Dennison Bailey, born in Constitution, Ohio, May 24, 1816, 
and was one of eleven children of Seth and Polly James Bailey, 
who settled below Marietta about the beginning of this century. 
He graduated at Marietta College in 1843, and in 1850 married 
Elizabeth S. P^merson, and had children, IClki I'^rances, Lucy 
Dennison (the compiler of these records), William limerson 
and Charles T^merson. The Emerson family represents a long 
line of ministers, college j)rofessors and teachers, and I think 
Mrs. Elizabeth S. ICmerson Bailey will keep the family record 
good, for she has sent us to-day a " Song of Greeting," which 
I will now read : 



All hail to our kin of the true Bailey clan 

Who will gather at Groveland to-day; 
Ohio, the gate of the teeming "Northwest," 

Would her heartiest greetings convey. 

John Bailey of Scituate scarce would have dreamed. 

In his highest aml)itions for fame. 
To see here assembled such hosts of his kin. 

To keep in remembrance the name. 

The Baileys of Rowley and Salisbury, too. 

Would be more than amazed at the sight; 
And would view this assembly, so goodly and true, 

With feelings of pride and delight. 

Seth Bailey of Easton, the sire of our line, 

Came West in his twenty-first year; 
He was pleased with the country, with sweet Polly James, 

And the banks of "La Belle Riviere." 

All honor and praise to the pioneer band 

Who planted their homes on this soil ; 
They opened the gate to a glorious land. 

Through danger and hardship and toil. 

And the pioneer vyomen who stood by their side 

In the time of such peril and fear. 
To them is befitting a tribute of song. 

As we meet at this time of good cheer. 

They raised, and hatcheled, and spun the flax. 

And they plied the loom as well ; 
They made the pants and the linsey shirts 

To clothe the men and to sell. 

A pair of pants bought a bushel of salt. 

That was worth eight dollars in gold ; 
For the good man travelled a hundred miles 

For his salt in the days of old. 

He built his camp fire for rest and sleep, 

And to keep the wolves at bay; 
While his quivering horses crept to his side. 

Not daring to wander away. 


With an anxious heart his wife, meantime, 

Took up liis cares with her own ; 
She cared for the cliikhen, she nursed the sick, 
And tended the farm alone. 

Those were times of peril tliat tried the nerves 

And the strength of woman's heart; 
In tlie strife and danger she faltered not. 

But courageously bore her part. 

And the ever-increasing millions 

Of this wonderful "Northwest," 
For the comfort and cheer they have given 

Will arise and call them blest. 

Mrs. Ki-izAiiKTH S. Emeuson-Bailev. 
Marietta, Ohio, August, 1896. 



The afternoon exercises began with an organ prelude by 
Miss Sarah H. Bailey of Mansfield, Mass., a descendant of John 
Bailey of Scituate. 

The President of the society and presiding officer of the 
day, Hollis R. Bailey, spoke as follows : 


Ladies and Gentlemen :--As your presiding officer, it is not 
expected that I should make an extended address. We have 
come to-day to this old town of Rowley as it were on a pious 
pilgrimage to the home of our ancestors, the brothers Richard 
and James Bailey, who came to New I^ngland, the one in 1638 
and the other about 1640. 

We are met on soil which is rich with precious memories. 
We have come to turn the pages of history and study for a 
brief season the early history of New England. We have 
come impelled not by idle curiosity, but seeking in these 
troublous times to find some safe light to guide our feet. 

W'hen, as a member of the committee appointed to provide 
for the literary entertainment of this occasion, I considered who 
should be asked to come and address you, it seemed to me fitting 
that we should invite my old friend and neighbor, Albert Poor, 
Esq., of Andover. 

When Richard Bailey came from luigland to the Massa- 
chusetts Bay colony in 1638, in the ship Bevis, there came with 
him as a fellow emigrant one Daniel Poor. The gentleman you 
will now have the pleasure of listening to is a hneal descendant 
of Daniel Poor. 



Mr. Poor's address was originally jireparcd to be delivered 
before the Poore l'"aniily Association Sej)teniber 14, 1887. As 
it is already in print and can be obtained by applying to I\Ir. 
Alfred Poore of Salem, Mass., it is omitted here. It presents an 
interesting picture of the early years of the Plymouth ami 
Massachusetts l^ay colonies and contains a very careful and 
thoughtful analysis of the motives which governed the early 
settlers in their civil and religious matters. 

The following original poem written by Mrs. P'.mily P. 
Ikiiley of Rowley was read by Miss Myrtis Cerellia Bailey of 
Camden, New Jersey. 


As men sometimes a stream will trace 
Back to remote and simple place, 
A spring, perhaps, in dewy vale. 
So trace we back our ancestry 
To ancient town close by the sea; 
And Rowley greeting gives — All hail. 

Utilitarian our days; 

We hardly pause 'mid busy ways 

To take our breath or greet a friend. 

And so 'tis well to turn aside. 

With blood-born friendship tor a guide, 

And meet where common interests blend. 

Within the shades of this old town. 

Whence comes our name through long years down. 

And old friends see and new ones make. 

And each again in friendly grasp 

The hands of other Baileys clasp 

And dormant interest awake ; 

On this auspicious day we come 
Gladly as children to their home. 
One common bond unites us all — 
The bond of blood, the bond of birth; 
Where'er we dwell in all the earth 
Who bears our name we brother call. 


i/M '. 


You know that name. As countersign 
We use it all along the line 
To-day, and Bailey is the word. 
Who claims that name is welcome here, 
We pass him on without a fear — 
No traitor he. He may be heard. 

And gathered as a family, 

It is a titting thing that we 

One kith and kin should mention here. 

Brothers and sisters, when they meet. 

Will freely speak, without conceit, 

With smile, perchance, perchance with tear, 

Of Fortune's favors granted each ; 
And so may we, in song and speech, 
Assembled round our family tree. 
Recall some things the fickle dame 
Has done for those who bear our name 
Of humble or of high degree. 

Perhaps our titles best may speak; 
They are in English, Latin, Cireek, 
And counted are o"erwhelming quite. 
We have D.D.'s, P.IM.'s, M.D.'s., 
A host with titles such as these. 
Men in the vanguard for the right. 

We have composers, artists, too. 
Professors, lawyers not a few; 
Our artisans are hard to beat. 
H. J.'s we have — quaint title that — 
To them we freely doff the hat; 
And e'en an M. C. we may meet. 

Now lest you think that I but boast, 

I will just say we have a host 

In our broad land not mentioned here. 

Take any paper that you may — 

Religious, weekly or the day — 

Some Bailey's name will there appear. 

But happy hours most quickly fly, 
Soon each to each will say "Good-bye" 
And turn to near or distant home. 
We would some mem'ry of this day 
May gild, as with a sun-born ray, 
Our onward paths where'er we roam. 


After singing by Mrs. I*2ben H. liailey of l^oston, Mrs. 
Grace Norwood I^ailcy of l^oston gave a recitation of "Grand- 
mother's Story of lUuiker Hill" by O. W. Holmes. 

This was followed by an address by Albert ICdward J^ailey 
of Rowley, one of the descendants of James Jiailey of Rowley. 

The IImlevs in Rowley. 

The name of l^ailey has been associated with the name of 
Rowley since the first settlement of the town. The town of 
Rowley, Mass., was founded about the last of April, in the year 
1639, by the Rev. lizekiel Rogers and his company, consisting 
of about 60 families. Mr. Rogers arrived in Salem, Mass., in 
the autumn of 1638, with about 20 families. At that time 
Salem, Charlestown, 15oston, Medford, Watertown, Roxbury, 
Lynn and Dorchester, together with Cambridge, Ipswich, New- 
bury, Weymouth, Hingham, Concord, Dedham and liraintree, 
were all occupied. He and his band were strongly urged to 
settle in New Haven, but he feeling his responsibility to many 
persons "of quality in J-Jigland, who depended on him to choose 
a fit place for them," consulted with the ministers of Massa- 
chusetts, and by their advice he and his i)eoi)le concluded to 
take a place between Newbury and Iixswich. The settlement 
was first known as "Rogers' plantation," afterwards as Rowley, 
so called from Rowley in Yorkshire, England, where he and 
some of his people had lived. The act of incorpcjration reads as 
follows : "4th day of the 7th month (September) Ordered that 
Mr. Ezekiel Rogers' place shall bee called Rowley." Mr. 
Rogers was a man of great note in I'Lngland, for his zeal, piety 
and ability, while the members of the comi:)any he brought with 
him were called by (jov. Winthro}), "(iodly men, ami most of 
them of good estate." These people it appears laboreil together 
and in common f(jr five yeais, no man owning any land indi- 
vidually until after they had cleared up the land on both sides of 
the brook and had laid out the first streets. Some of these 
streets still retain their old names, as W'eathersfield and Ikad- 


fortl Streets. Kiln Lane, so called from a Malt Kiln, located on 
it, has been fhanged to Kilbourne Street. Holmes Street has 
become a part of Central Street. The time of the laying out of 
the house lots is unknown. On the loth of the nth month, 
1643, a committee was appointed by the town to make survey 
and to register the lots to all inhabitants as granted and laid out. 
The name of Bailey does not appear among the 59 so registered, 
but Gage's History of Rowley says : "Soon after the settlement 
was commenced in 1639 by the 60 families before named, others 
moved into town, so that before a record was made of the lots 
first laid out, 16 other families had been added to the number, 
as records conclusively show.'! James liailey's name appears 
among these 16 families, and his original grant as recorded reads 
as follows : — 

"To James Baley one house lott containing an Acre and an 
halfe lying on the north side of Jul ward Sawer's house lott." 
At the same time it is recorded that he was granted two acres 
of salt marsh, one acre of rough marsh and four and one-half 
acres of upland. Later other grants and purchases are recorded 
to him. 

On the house lot granted to James Bailey was the site of the 
homestead of the first Bailey granted land in Rowley, of whom 
all the resident Baileys in Rowley are direct descendants. The 
spot is rharked to-day by a placard and is on the land of and 
near the dwelling of Mr. Chas. H. Todd. 

James Bailey was quite prominent in town affairs. In 1653, 
'61 and '64 as overseer; in 1654 and '67 as fence viewer; in 
1661, '63 and '64 as judge of delinquents for not coming to town 
meeting; in 1665, '66 and '72 as selectman. In 1665 "James 
Bally " for juryman received 0-8-0 ; in 1661 he was one of the 
overseers for "Nuberry" fence; in 1667 appc^nted by the town 
as one of the committee to locate ways over land ; in 1667 he 
served on the jury in Ipswich. There is one place where I am not 
able to find the name of Bailey, and that is among the names of 
those who received a bounty for killing wolves. The Baileys do 
not seem to be naturally aggressive or of a fighting disposition, 
but when called upon to fight for their freedom from op[)ression 
we find the name of Bailey as prominent as other old names. 
John Bailey, son oi James, died June i6th, 1690, on his way from 


Canada. He was one of the Rowley men in the expedition 
against Quebec. 

Jonathan Bailey gave up his life Aug. 9th, 1757, at the 
massacre after the surrender of l^'ort William Henry. In the 
trained band belonging to Capt. John Northend's company, May 
16, 175 1 (the first foot company of Rowley), are the names of 
David Bailey, Jr., drummer, and William l^ailey. In the same 
year, in the troops of horse, is the name of Jedediah Bailey. 
In 1759 Pierce and William l^ailey were privates under Capt. 
Thomas Poor of Andover. 

James Bailey, with others from Rowley, was stationed at 
Castle William, now P'ort Independence, in Boston harbor. 

In 1760 John and Pierce Bailey were among the men en- 
listed for His Majesty's service for the total reduction of Canada. 
In the same year Oliver Bailey died at Crown Point and was 
under Capt. Nathaniel Bailey, formerly of this town. Under 
officers unknown was John Bailey, Jr. In 1775, in the Revolu- 
tion, in a company of infantry, appear the names of Amos Bai- 
ley, sergeant, Samuel Bailey, fifer, John and PLzekiel Bailey, 
l)rivates. Abner, William and Pierce Bailey were in Shay's 

In looking over the church record I find that David Bailey 
was appointed deacon of the First church h"eb. 18, 1761, and 
served until his death, 1769. He is the only Bailey that was 
ever deacon in Rowley. He must have been a musical man, as 
I find that PLben Hidden charges him with "serving the devil 
when he set the tune." 

The Deacon David Bailey house is still standing on Weath- 
ersfield Street. As near as can be ascertained, it was built 
about 1680. It have been enlarged since that time, for, as 
I remember the engraving of it which is in the Rev. Jacob Bailey 
book, it was about one-half the present size. The house faces 
the south, as was the custom of building houses at that time, 
with the back of the house toward the street. His gravestone, 
which is made in one large brick (the only one of the kind now 
in the cemetery), is on the left as you enter the gate and is in- 
scribed as follows : 

i6 AnDRESS 01' Ar.i!i:R'r i:i)\vaki) bailkv. 

" In Memory of 
, Dean. Davitl lliiiley 

who died iMay 12th. 
1769 in 62 years of his age." 

In looking over old deeds and other writings I find that our 
ancestors as a rule wrote a good hand and were not obliged to 
sign their names with a mark. 

The afternoon e.xercises closed with the singing by all pres- 
ent of an original ode composed by Mrs. Mary \\ Hailey of 
Cambridge, to the tune of "h'air Harvard." 

This day we are gathered old ties to renew 

On this spot in our history dear, 
Where the brothers, our ancestois, brought the t)ki name 

Which we fondly commemorate here. 
Name borne by our forefathers, dear to us all! 

May we keep it unsullied and pure ; 
A heritage sacred from over the sea 

To be cherished while life sluill endure. 

As years swiftly passing their sad ciianges luring 

And old faces give place to the new, 
May our children be worthy of those who have gone. 

Be as loyal, as faithful, as true ! 
Ai\d now, as we part, let us tenderly tiiink 

Of our friends who have passed on before, 
Who wait for us yonder to welcome us home 

When our labors and sorrows are o'er. 

During the day many of those attending the gathering- 
found oppt)rtunity to visit the spots where Richard and James 
Bailey, the first settlers, had their homes. Also the house, still 
standing, which was the home of Deacon David Hailey and the 
birthplace of his son, the Rev. Jacob Hailey. 

All the above-mentioned places were marked with tablets 
containing suitable inscriptions. 'Ihe old burying-ground was 
also visited and the old gravestones marking the last resting 
places of the early settlers, James J^ailey (2), 1650 -171 5, Nathan- 
iel Bailey (3), 1675-1722, David J^ailey (4), 1707-1769, were 
viewed with much interest. 

IIoLLis R. l^AiLEV, Secretary. 



cv WILLIAM II. ki:i:d. 

Rev. Augustus F. Jiailey, our late much lamented president 
of the BaileyT^ayley Family A.ssociation, in his list of Ikiilcys 
that came early to New England, says Thomas Hailey settled in 
Weymouth in 1630. (See address in Report of Second Annual 
Gathering.) Other writers have also spoken of him as of Wey- 
mouth in 1630. Sa\age in his Genealogical Dictionary says, 
"Thomas liailey of Weymouth made freeman 13th of May, 1640, 
with wife, Ruth, had children. Christian . . ." Barry's His- 
tory of Hanover says that Thomas Bailey was of Boston in 
1643, and with wife, Ruth, was probably of Weymouth in 1661, 
and was probably father of John l^ailey of Scituate. liarry also 
says that John ist, according to Dean's History of Scituate, 
came from Weymouth to Scituate in 1670 and was tenant to 
Capt. John Williams at l-'arm Neck. Dean's History of Scituate 
says that Capt. John Williams left his farm to John Bailey (see 
his will), and that John liailey of Scituate in 1670 married ist 
Sarah White, iHobably of Weymouth. And Savage says he 
does not know who the father of John of Scituate wa.s, but he 
was probably born in this country. 

Now Wessagusset or Weymouth was settled as early as 1622, 
by the Weston Colony (so called) only two year.s after the set- 
tlement of Plymouth. It was the second settlement in New 
England, and the first settlement in the limits of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, but the Weston Colony disbanded befcjre the 
summer of 1623, going in different directions. They made no 
records and they left none. In the fall (;f 1623 the Gorges Com- 
pany came and settled in Wessagusset, but they also very soon 
disbanded, some returning to England, some going to X'irginia, 
some to Plymouth, while a few remained as a nucleus of the 
future settlement. P'or an interesting account of these succes- 
sive settlements of Weston and (iorges see "Three Episodes of 
Massachusetts History," by Charles hVancis Adams. 

In the year 1635 Rev. Jo.seph Hull came with 21 families 
consisting of about 100 persons to settle in Wes.sagusset. They 


came from Weymouth, l^ngland. On the second day of Septem- 
ber, same year, the town was by the government of the Massa- 
chusetts I^ay Colony erected into a plantation equivalent, prob- 
ably, to an act of incorporation and the name of the town 
changed to Weymouth. (See History of Weymouth.) 

Now it is not unlikely that Thomas Bailey, Senior, may 
have come to Weymouth with some of these early companies. 
Or perhaps he may have come from Virginia, but at just what 
time he did come to Weymouth I am not prepared to say. In 
the year 1636 we find a list of 16 names of those that received 
land in the first division in Weymouth and the name of Thomas 
Bailey is not on that list, and still, some of the land received in 
that division is bounded on land of Thomas liailey, and it seems 
probable that he was in Weymouth and i)re-empted land some 
years prior to the incorporation of the town. 

The following records of the town showing some bounds 
of the early land-holders point to such a conclusion. 

The land of William Carpenter : •' Two acres in the west 
field first given to Thomas Baylie, the strcete on the east the 
land of Thomas Baylie on the west and south, by John Ilolester 
on the north ; ffower acres in the Mill ffield first given to 
Thomas Baylie bounded on the with the land of Mr. Len- 
thall, The Highwaie on the west, Thomas Bayley land on the 
North, John Reeds on the South." 

The land of Masachel Barnard : "in 1624 three acres in the 
plain first given to Thomas liaylie ; bounded on the east by land 
of Clement Weaver, on the west and south with the land of 
John Ffussell, and Arthur Warren on the North." 

The land of Walter Cook : " ffower acres in the Western- 
neck first given to Thomas Baylie bounded on the East by land 
of Thomas Holbroke, on the west with the land of John Hol- 
broke, Lach Bicknell, the Highwaie on the North the Commons 
on the South." 

The land of Matthew Bratt : -'Twenty acers in Mill ffield 
twelve of them first given to Edward Bate and eyght acres to 
himself all of it bounded on the east by the land of John Gill on 
the west with the land of Richard Walling on the north with 
the Rocky hill on the south with the land of Richard Adams and 
Thomas Baylie." 


The land of John Burrcll : "Three acres in the Rainjj^e first 
granted to Nicliohis Nt)rton bounded with a highwaie on the 
cast the land of Thomas liaylie on the west the land of Hugh 
Roe on the North and tlie land of Goodman Hughes on the 

The records of the town of Weymouth for a number of 
years after the incorporation of the town are very silent in re- 
gard to the births, deaths and marriages of the early planters 
and their families, for during the early years of the town's hi.s- 
tory, the records were kei)t in the church, and in 1751 the church 
was destroyed by fire, with all the records. This makes it very 
hard for us at the present time to get the exact dates of these 
early people, and it is only through contemporaneous writers 
that we have been able to place many of the early families of 

Thomas Bailey, Senior, of Weymouth, in 1630, was certainly 
made freeman the 13th day of May, 1640. "In 1644 Thomas 
Dyer sould unto Thomas Baylie the 21st of the 3d month his 
dwelling house, Barne, and Sellar, his garden anil yarde, both 
of them containing by estimation, on quarter of an acre of land 
being more or lesse bounded on the east with the land of Rob- 
ert Lovell on the west with the land of Mr. Webb on the North 
with the land of saied Thomas Dyer and on the south a high- 

This sale of real estate is one of the hrst records placed on the 
books of the Town of Weymouth. In the division of land i'^eb- 
ruary, 1651-2, he received Lot No. 31, and in the first division 
in 1663, he received L(;t No. 72 of 11 acres, and in the second 
division, the same year of the great lots, he received Lot No. 62 
of 33 acres. 

His wife probably was not living at the date of his will in 
1681, as he does not mention her. We have not as yet been 
able to learn her name. He died in 1681. He had children : 

John (2) married Hannah. 

Thomas, Jr. (2), married Ruth Porter. 

Samuel (2) married Mary. 

Esther (2) married John King. 

John King in his will speaks of his wife, Esther, and her 
father, Thomas Bayley. 


Children of John King and Esther Bayley (2) : 

John, born April 12, 1659. 

2d John, born Dec. 25, 1661. 

Esther, born Sept. 28, 1664. 

Patience, born Oct. 4, 166S. 

Thomas Bailey, Jr. (2) was made freeman 23d day of May, 
1666. He married Ruth, daughter of Richard Porter of Wey- 
mouth, Sept. 19, 1660. She was born in Weymouth Oct. 3, 1639. 


Christian (3), born Oct. 26, 1662 ; married Ebenezer Whit- 
marsh of W^ey mouth in 1682. 

Samuel (3), born Feb. 21, 1666 ; died before his father. 

Mary (3), born P\'b. 10, 1670. 

Sarah (3), born Sept. 9, 1674; married Joseph White in 

Ruth (3), married Henry Ward of Hingham before 1691. 

Martha (3), living at death of her father in 1690. 

His wife, Ivuth Porter Bailey, died and he married 2nd 
W^idow Hannah (Rogers) Pratt, by whon) he had one child, 
Thomas (3), born April 24, 1687. The records of the town of 
Weymouth give the name of this son as John, but Thomas 
Bailey (2), Jr., died in 1690 and his estate was divided in 1691 
between the only surviving son, T/iovias, daughters. Christian 
Whitmarsh, Ruth Ward, Sarah and Martha. His widow, Han- 
nah Rogers Pratt Bailey, died May 29, 172 1, aged 77 years. 

Ruth Bailey (3) and Henry Ward had children, l':iizabeth, 
Henry, Ruth, Mary, Rachel, Lydia. 

Christian Bailey (3) and h'benezer Whitmarsh had children: 

Ebenezer, born 1683. 

Richard, born 1685. 

Ebenezer, 2d, born 1688. 

Ruth, born 1691. 

Mary, born 169 — . 

Thomas, born 1702. 

Samuel llailey (3) son of Thomas (2) probably died in the 
expedition against Canada, for letters of administration were 
granted to his father Jan. 29th, 1690-1. We find the following 


bill : "To wages due from ye Country in the expedition against 
Canada 7-2 oo." 

Richard Porter in his will in 1688 speaks of his grandchild, 
Samuel liailey, and gives him two acres of land on King Oak 
Hill in Weymouth. 

John (2) Bailey made freeman 23d day of May, 1673. Mar- 
ried Hannah. 


John (3) of Scituate, born— Married ist, Sarah White; 
2d, Ruth Clothier. 

Thomas (3), born — . Was killed in King Phillips' War 
Sept. 18, 1675. 

Samuel (2) Bailey married Mary. He died in Feb., 171 1. 


Samuel (3) born Sept. 7, 1658. 

Mary (3), born April 30, i65i. 

James (3), born I'eb 21, 1663. 

John (3), born Dec 12, i66S. 

Joseph (3), born Dec. 18, 1672. 

John (3) Bailey was made freeman 23d day May, 1677. He 
removed to Scituate, Mass , about 1670. Married, ist, .Sarah 
White, daughter of Gavvin White of Scituate, Jan. 25, 1672 ; 
married 2J, Ruth Clothier, Dec. 9th, 1699. 


John (4), born Nov. 5th, 1673 ; married Abigail, daughter 
of Dea. Samuel Clap, in 1700. 

Sarah (4), born Oct. 1675. 

Mary (4), born Dec, 1677; married James Perry Jan. ist, 

Joseph (4), born Oct. 1679; married and left descendants 
in Scituate. 

Benjamin (4), born A|)ril, 1682, moved to Marlboro, Mas.s., 
about 1712, married and left descendants. 

William (4), born Feb., 1685 ; married Judith Booth, Jan., 
1714, and left descendants in Scituate. 

Hannah (4), burn Jan., 1688 ; married James liriggs, Jr., 
Dec. 24, 17 1 6 


Samuel (4), born Aug. 1690. 
' ElizabeUi (4), married William Barrell July, 1706. He died 
in 1718, leaving a will. He was the progenitor of most of the 
Plymouth County Baileys. 

Gawin White of Scituate was a prominent man of his day 
and a large land holder. He was probably a Weymouth man 
and son of Thomas White ist of Weymouth, the j)lantcr. lie 
married Elizabeth Ward of Plymouth Oct. 15th, 1638. In 
1643 he was a constable in Scituate and in 1644 he was pro- 
pounded to be made freeman in Plymouth Colony. 

April 30th, 165 1, Joseph Shaw of Weymouth sold to Gawin 
White of New Plymouth 45 acres of upland and eight acres of 
marsh. Oct. 22, 165 1, William Richards of Weymouth sold to 
Gawin White of New Plymouth 45 acres of upland and six 
acres of marsh. This property was located in Marshheld near 
the home of Daniel Webster. 

Gawin White, Joseph Shaw, William Richards, Nicholas 
Philips and others from Weymouth were in Scituate early and 
trading in lands. 

Now the Massachusetts Colony records mention a John 
Bailey from Weymouth, made freeman the 23d day of May, 
1677. Dean's History of Scituate mentions him. Ijarry's His- 
tory of Hanover mentions him, and Savage in his Genealogical 
Dictionary' mentions him ; but the records of the town of Wey- 
mouth are silent in regard to him. It seems certain that there 
was a Thomas j^ailey, brother, probably, to the above John, 
who was killed in King Philip's war. The history of King 
Phillips' war is too well known to be repeated here. More than 
a dozen towns were destroyed ami half a million of money, ex- 
pended and more than 600 young men were slain or died in the 
service. Among the papers i^reserved in the archives of the State 
House, Boston (Vol. Ixviii) will be found a list of about 30 men 
who went from Weymouth to King Philip's war, and upon 
that list will be found the names of Jeremiah Clothier and 
Thomas Bailey. The records say that these men were mostly 
young men full of great promise. 

King Philip having been defeated at Swansey, in Pl3Mnouth 
Colony, retreated in September, 1675, to the Connecticut River 
and attacked the towns of Deerfield, Hadley and Northfield_ 


On Sept. 18 Capt. Thomas Lothrop, and So men (most of them 
the flower of Kssex County), with 18 teamsters with a few 
wagons, while transporting grain from Deerfiekl to Iladley, were 
attacked by about 700 Indians near Hloody River and Capt. 
Lothroj), and 76 of his men, were slain. They were all buried 
in one grave. Capt. Samuel Mosely was at Deerfiekl at the 
time with his company, and hearing the battle, went to Capt. 
Lothrop's assistance and defeated the Indians, killing 96 and 
wounding 40 In this battle Thomas Ikiiley, a Weymouth man 
who was in Capt. Lothrcjp's company, was killed, and Richard 
Russ, a Weymouth man who was in Capt. IMosely's company, 
was severely wounded. In 1678 the Massachusetts Bay Colony 
Court voted Richard Russ of Weymouth, a wounded soldier, 40 
shillings for his cure. 

In 183S a monument was completed in Deerfiekl commemo- 
rating this event. The corner-stone was laid in 1835 with great 
ceremony, the Hon. lulward k^^verett delivering the address. 
The monumeiit is si.x feet square and 20 feet in height. The 
inscription on this monument is as follows : 

"On this ground Capt. Thomas Lothrop and eighty-four 
men under his command, including eighteen teamsters from 
Deerfiekl, conveying stores from that town to Iladley, were 
ambuscaded by about 700 Indians and the captain and seventy- 
six men slain Sept. 18, 1675 (old style). 

"And Sanguinetto tells you where the dead made the earth 
wet, and turned the unwdling waters red."* 

It appears from the foregoing that this John Bailey who 
was made freeman the 23d day of May, 1677, and moved to 
Scituate in 1670, and Th(;mas Bailey, who was killed in King- 
Philip's War, were sons of the .John Bailey and his wife Han- 
nah who are mentioned in the will of Thomas Bailey, Sr. They 
were brothers, and were grand-children of Thomas Bailey, Sr. 
Savage says, "The father of John of Scituate was probably born 
in this country," and I think he is correct. At exactly what 
time John, the father of John of Scituate died, I know not, but 
Hannah died a widow in 1698. 
*Haywaid"s Gazutcer. 



Dated May 23, 1681. Probated Oct. 17, 1681. 

"I, Thomas Bayley, Senr. of Weymouth being sick and 
weak of body and having a competent understanding and 
memory do make this to bee my last will and testament, iiereby 
revoking and annulling any will or wills heretofore by me made 
and declared either by word or writings and firstly I bequeath 
my soul to Almighty God through Jesus Christ and after my 
decease my body to be decently buried according to the discre- 
tion of my Executors, and for the settling of my temporal estate 
I do give and bequeath the same in manner and forms following : 
"First I will that all those debts as I owe in right to any per- 
son or persons to bee well and truly paid by my E.xecutor in 
convenient time after my decease. Then I give and bequeath 
unto my eldest and beloved son John Bailey the two thirds of 
all my rights, title and interest in my dwelling house, barns, out 
housing, Orchards, arable lands, gocxis, chattels with the two 
third of the appurtenances unto the sd housing and lands be- 
longing together with the two thirds of all my Lotts belonging 
or in any wise appertaining To have and to hold unto the 
proper use and behoofs of my sd son John his heirs Execrs. and 
Admst. and every of them forever. Also I give and bequeath 
to my sd son John two thirds of all my movables within dore 
and without of whatever quantity or quality soever they bee And 
my will is that in case my sd son John decease before his wife 
Hannah then what movables of mine is remaining and extant 
by inventory at my sons decease .^hall be to the use and proper 
behoof of my daughter Esther and Thomas Bayley equally to 
bee divided the one half to the one and tlie other half to the 
other to be to them and their children according to their dis- 
cretion. I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Bayley the 
other third of all my right, title, and interest in my dwelling 
house, barns Orchards arable lands, medows, goods, chattel of 
what quantity or quality soever it bee within door and without 
together with the one third of all my lots of land in waymouth 
with the other one third of all the profits, privileges and appur- 


tenances unto all my estate before mentioned belonging or in 
any wise appertaining To have and to hold unto my said son 
Thomas ]%ley his heirs Executors Administrators and assigns 
and every of them forever. I give and bequeath unto my daugh- 
ter Esther, the wife of John King the sum of twenty pounds in 
good pay as corn, goods and cattle to bee paid to her or her 
assigns fifteen pounds thereof to bee paid by my son John Bay 
ley or his Mxecutors oi" Administrators five pcjunds to be ]xiid 
at or before the exi)iration of three years after my decease ; and 
I will that the other five pounds be paid by my son Thomas 
Bayley in like specie at or before the expu-ation of two years 
after my decease to be truly paid unto my daughter Esther or 
her assigns; And I give and bequeath unto all my grand chil- 
dren each ot them two shillings in m(^ney to bee paid unto each 
of them by my Executor in convenient time after my decease 
to them that are of age and the rest to bee paid as they come of 
age. And in case my two sons sliall not mutually agree upon 
the division, my will is they shall each of them choose an able, 
discreet and jirudcnt man which two men so chosen with them- 
selves shall issue and determine the case And I do ordein and 
appoint my son Jchn ]iuley to be my sole Executor of this my 
last will and I'estamt. and do charge him to see it in all points 
fulfilled. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
seal the 23d of May Anno Domi 1681. 

the marke of 
Thomas (H) Hayley Sen. a seal. 
Published and signed and sealed 
in the presence of us 
William Molbrook Sen. 
William Chard. 


SCRIBED, iithOCTOBR. 1681. 

mp. Weareing apparrell, £4 Bed and Bedding, ^^4:14, ^^08:14:00 

1 Table Cloth 6s, one iron pot 4s, one brass pot 4s ^^00:14:00 
Iron skillett 18 J, one copper kettle 8s, one brass ket- 
tle 2s ii^oo.i 1:06 

2 chairs 4s one warming pan 18J, frying pan i8d ^^00:07:00 
one pr. tongs pot hooks and trammels 8s, [:)evvter 7s ^^00:15:00 

2 cows ^5, four yards red serge at 6s. p. yd 1:4 ^06:05:06 
yeareling calfe 20s, two musketts C. Sword 20i. ;!^02:oo:oo 
halfe a dwelling house and halfe a barne i^22:io:oo 
25 acres of land adjoyning to the dwelhng house ^^62:10:00 

Parker's Lott 50s, Plight acres of Land in weary 
land ^20 ^22:10:00 

3 acres of Land on the East side of the Salt meadow i^o5:oo:oo 
Salt meadow ^50, three acres of fresh meadow 

near Hart's pond, ^15 ^65:00:00 
a part of Hart's lot £4, a great lot 24 acres ^30 ^34:00:00 

II acres of land in the first division, ^io;oo;oo 

33 acres in the 2d division, ^15:00:00 

2 acres of Land in the pine swamp iJ^o8:oo;00 

one Bible 4s, Debts due ^^"25 ^25:04:00 

lumber and things forgotten, i^OO:iO:oo 

Stephen French. James Lovell Sum ;^338:oi;o 

John Bayley, Execr made Oath, before Simon Bradstreet- 
Govr and John Hull Esqr Assist. 17th October, 1681, that this 
is a just and true Inventory of the L^state of his late father, 
Thomas Bayley, deced to his best knowledge, and that when 
more appeares to adde it 

attest Isa. Addington, Clr. 




Appleton, Mrs. C. F. 
Aycr, Caroline G. 
Bailey, Abbic N. 

" Abbie W. 

" Alfred L. 

" Albert K. 

" Alice G. 

" Alpha N. 
Arthur A. 
* " Rev. Augustus F. 

" Ik^idbury M. 

" Buckley 

Mrs. Buckley 

" Catherine J. 

" Chandler 

" Charles 

" Charles A. 

" Ciiarles K. 

" Charles 1"\ 

" Mrs. Charles l\ 

" Charles n. 

" Charles Sumner 

" Charles P. 

" Charles W. 

" Mrs Chas. W. 

" C. Louise 

* Decca»oi|. 

West Newbury, Mass. 

2224 Sixth St., Washington, D. C. 

Maiden, Mass. 

Salem Depot, N. II. 

49 Grove St., Lowell, Mass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Georgetown, Mass. 

Orfordville, N. H. 

Andover, Mass. 

42 Fairmont St., Lawrence, Mass. 

Bradford, Mass. 

44 Grove St., Rutland, Vt. 

7 Ashford St , Allston, Mass. 

7 Ashford St., Allston, Mass. 

Box 82, Rowley, Mass. 

North Troy, Vt. 

Newport, Vt. 

Becker St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Groveland, Mass. 

296 Broadway, Lawrence, Mass. 

296 Broadway, Lawrence, Mass. 

29 Wilton Ave., Lowell, Mass. 

MerrimacjDort, Mass. 

Alameda, Cal. 

East Saugus, Mass. 

East Saugus, Mass. 

Box 86, Andover, Mass. 



Bailey, Charlotte O. 
" Christopher T. 


David E. 

Dudley P. 

Eben A. 

Eben H. 

Mrs. Eben H. 
" Ebenezer E. 

" E H. 

Edward M. 

Mrs. Edward M. 
" Edward VV. 
" Mrs. Edward W. 

Elizabeth S. 
" Ella A. 
" Ellen M. 
" Ellen J. 

" EInur G. 

Elizabeth Ann 
" Eva L. 

Er^ncis E. 
" Mrs. Francis E. 
" Frederick 
" Mrs. Frederick 
*• Frederic 

" F. E. 
" Frank E. 
" George T. 
" Mrs. George T. 
" Geo. Edson 

Mrs. Geo. W. 
" G. M. 
" Geo. Moody 
" Geo. O. 

3024 Prairie Ave., Chicago^ 111. 

South Braintree, Mass. 

Champaign, 111. 

North Sutton, N. H. 

Iiverett, Mass. 

Georgetown, Mass. 

827 l^oylston St., Boston. 

827 Boylston St., Boston. 

Pitch burg, Mass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Streator, 111. 

62 Monument St., W. Medf'd.Mass. 

62 Monument St., W. ML-df'd,Mass. 

Lowell, Mass. 

Lowell, Mass. 

Marietta, Ohio. 

3 Myrtle St.. Lowell, Mass. 

62 Temple St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Newburyport, Mass. 

Bradford, N. H. 

Salem Depot, N. H. 

Georgetown, Mass. 

Salem Depot, N. H. 

71 Allston St., Cambridg'p't, Mass. 

71 /\llsti)n St., Cambridg'p't, Mass. 

Box 3 1 4, Lowell, Mass. 

Bc).\ 314, Lowell, Mass. 

Rowky, Mass. 

Ayers Village, Haverhill, Mass. 

West Newbury, Mass. 

Box 755, Lowell, Mass. 

Maiden, Mass. 

Maiden, Mass. 

Mansfield, Mass. 

Ayers Village, Haverhill, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Skamokawa, Washington. 


Bailey, Hannah R. North Andovcr, Mass. 

Harry B. 219 M Merrimack St. .Lowell, Mass. 

" Mr.s. Harry B. 219 E. Merrimack St., Lowell, 

^Llttie k. Bo.\ 755, Lowell, Mass. 

Hattie A. 56 Arlin<;-ton St., FLaverhill, Mass. 

Harrison Mtchburg, Mass. 

H. West Newton, Mass. 

Harriet l\ West Newbury, ALass. 

Harriet R. Bo.\ 5, Lowell, Mass. 

Helen K. Box 86, Andover, Mass. 

Helen Louise 133 Austin St., Cambridge, ALiss. 

Helen M. Salem, N. H. 

" Henry B. San Mateo, Florida. 

Mrs. Heniy B. San JVLiteo, Florida. 

Henry T. North Scituate, Mass. 

Heaton West Newton, Mass. 

Mrs. Henry Harrison West Newbury, Mass. 

Hollis R. Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Hollis R. Cambridge, Mass 

" . Lsabella A. 278 Methuen St., Lawrence, Mass. 

James A., Jr. Arlington, Mass. 

James L. 71 Allston St., Cambridg'p't, Mass. 

" James M. Prescott, Wisconsin. 

James R. 755 I<2ssex st., Lawrence, ALiss. 

Mrs. James R. 755 I'2sse.\ St., Lawrence, Mass. 

Jennie F. West Newton, Mass. 

" Jennie W. 49 (irove St., Lowell, Mass. 

" Jessie H. West Newbury, ALass. 

John A. - Denver, Colorado. 

" John Alfred Lowell, 

" John B. Lowell, ALiss. 

" John Ci. .Skamokawa, Washington. 

" John Henry 21 Highland St., Boston Highlands. 

John H. B().\ 213, Lawience, ALass. 

John Louis 45 W^est St., Ikiston, Mass. 

John M. Salem Depot. X. 11. 

" John N. Bo.\ 216, Lawrence, Mass. 

John Tyler West Newbury, Alass. 



(IF mi:mui:ks. 

Bailey, John T. 
" John T. B. 
'< J. T.-B. 
" John W. 
" John \V. 
" Joseph 
" Joseph W. 
" J. Warren 
" L. A. 

Laura A. 

Laura A. D. 
" L. M. 
" Lawrence E. 
" Mrs. Lawrence 1{. 
" Lawrence H. 
" Lawrence IL 
" Levi 
" Loren K. 

Lucy L. 
" Lydia 1'. 

Mary A. 

Mrs. M. A. 

Martha G. 
" Maranlha L. 

Martha L. 

Mary B. 
" Mary E. 
"■ Mary E. 
" Minnie G. 

M. Josie, 

Grin A. 

Nettie J. 

Orrin D. 

Oscar S. VV. 

Richard S. 

Mrs. Richard S. 
" Rufus 

Mrs. Rufus 

12 Bradley St., Somerville, Mass. 

No. Andover, Mass. 

Lowell, Mass. 

(jcorgetown, Mass. 

Lee Hill, N. H. 

Dansville, Illinois. 

(jroveland, ALiss. 

15 Dover St., W. Somerville, Mass. 

Box 86, Andover, Mass. 

No. Andover, Mass. 

Lawrence, Mass. 

Box 12, Merriniacport, Mass. 

No. Sutton, N. H. 

No. Sutton, N. II. 

West Newbury, Mass. 

Box 112, Newburyport, Mass. 

No. Lyndboro, N. 11. 

Salem Depot, N. H. 

Rowley, Mass. 

I^o.x 63, Carlisle, Mass. 

Lawrence, Mass. 

28 Kingston St., S. Lawrence, Mass. 

Rowley, ALass. 

19 Mechanic St., Haverhill, Mass. 

19 Mechanic St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Windham, N. H. 

Georgetown, Mass. 

No. Sutton, N. H. 

42 Eairmont St., Lawrence, Mass. 

Windham, N. II. 

Windham, N. H. 

Rowley, IVIass. 

Lakeport, N. H. 

West Newton, Mass. 

Bo.x 15, Merrimacport, Mass. 

106 S. Broadway, Lawrence, Mass. 



Bailey, Rufus II, 

" Samuel VV. 

" Samuel G. 

" S. G. 

" S. G. 

" S. Gilman 

" Stephen 

" Mrs. Stephen 

" Dr. Stephen (j. 

" S. H. 

Stimson H. 

" Thomas li. 

" Thomas II. 

" Thomas T. 

Thomas Wendell 

" Timothy W 

" Walter E. 

" William 

" William H. 

" William H. 

" Wm. Wallace 
Bayley, Augustus R. 
lulwin A. 
I^rank A. 

" Fred L. 
Bradford, Hannah 1). 
Carleton, Lois A. 
Carleton, Moses H. 
Carlton, Moses 
Carr, E. I. 
Carrovv, Sarah \^. 
Chadwick, CJeo. W. 
Chase, Laura B. 
Chase, Marry (j. 
Clapp, Geo. H. 
Cluff, Jennie B. 
Cluff, Warren A. B. 
Cluff, Warren E. 

Canobie Lake, N. II. 

West Newbury, Mass. 

Box 663, iXndcjver, Mass. 

Box Oi, Billerica Centre, Mass. 

Box 86, So. Andover, Mass. 

Andover, Mass. 

Salem, N. 1-1. 

1 10 Sixth St., Lowell, Mass. 

Andover, Mass. 

Hotel Vine, Roxbury, Mass. 

7 Ashford St., Allston, 

Shamokavva, Wahkiakum Co. Wash. 

Melrose, Mass, 

7 Ashford St., Allston, Mass. 

Andover, Mass. 

Garland Ave.,K. Manchester, N. H. 

Manchester, N. H. 

-Shamokavva, Wahkiakum Co. Wash. 

82 Grant St., Waltham. 

Nashua, N. II. 

607 Main St., Cambridgep't, Mass. 

47 Court St., Boston. 

133 Austin St., Cambridgep't, Mass. 

South Weymouth, Mass. 

Salem Depot, N. H. 

Blaistow, N. H. 

Atkinson Depot, N. II. 

Blaistow, N. II. 

West Newbury, Mass. 

Mctluien, Mass. 

West lioxford, Mass. 

Oak St., Danvers, Mass. 

333 Shawmut Ave., Boston, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 

19 Mechanic St., Haverhill, Mass. 

19 Mechanic St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Haverhill, Mass. 


LIST OF mi:.m|{i:ks. 

Coffin, Mrs. (ieoroc \. 
Crosby, Mrs. j. H. 
Davenport, it. A. 
Davis, Albert A. 
Davi.s, Mrs. Annah E., 

Dearborn, Bertha C. 
Dolbear, Mrs. A. K. 
Diiston, Charlotte A. 
Duston, Kbenezer 
Drew, Ellen A. 
Drew, Marjorie 
Elkins, Mrs. M. li. 
Ellsworth, Milton 
Ellsworth, Mrs. Milton 
Ellsworth, Winifretl 
Emerson, Mrs. Dean 
Emerson, Eclson 
luiierson, Mrs. lulson 
Emerson, Susan 11 
Ewart, Sarah J. 
Follett, Mrs. Martin D. 
Goldsmith, Chas. ( ). 
(ioldsmith, Clara A. 
Goldsmith, lulith 
MalHwell, Hannah 
Ha.seltion, Mrs. VV. J. 
Heron, Eucinda 11 
Hopkinson, Abbie C. 
Howe, Mrs. Alonzo 
Howe, Cynthia E. 
Howe, Mrs. E. W. 
Jaques, Mrs. Romulus 
Kimball, Mrs. C. A. 
Kimball, Gertrude A. 
Kimball, Josephine H. 
Kimball, Laburton 
Kimball, Mrs. William B. 

Haverhill, Mass. 

Warren Ave, Dorchester, Mass. 
3.S8 Washington St., Haverhill, Mass. 

B. & M. k. R,, Eynn, Mass. 

I^o.x 250, Plea.sant Valley, 

Amesbury, Mass. 

Currier Ave., Haverhill, 

'i'ufts Collei^e, Mass. 

Salem, N. 11. 

Salem, N. 11. 

Rowley, Mass. 

107 Ciallia St., Portsmouth, Ohio. 

.\orth Troy, Vt. 

Rowley, I\Iass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Methuen, Mass. 

Salem, N. H. 

Salem, N. 11. 

Salem, N. \l. 

284 Andover St., Eawrence, Mass. 

Marietta, Ohio. 
Methuen, Mass. 
Methuen, Mass. 
Methuen, Mass. 

North Salem, N. H. 

Ayers Village, Haverhill, Ma.s.s. 

iilack River, Alcona Co , Mich. 

Groveland, Mass. 


Box 232, Methuen, Mass. 

Merrimac, Mass. 

West Newbury, Mass. 

Ayers Village, Haverhill, Mass. 

Ayers Village, Haverhill, Mass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Ayers Village, Haverhill, Mass. 

A)ers Village, Haverhill, Mass. 

riiK i!AiLK\-nAvr.i:\ iami[.\' associa iion. 33 

King, AT. !•'. Portland, Maine. 

Lyon, Arvcsta li. 27S Mcthiien St., Lawrence, Ma.s.s. 

Mar.shall, Frank "l I. 4() Chester St.,\V.S()merv'ille, ]\hiss. 

Mar.shall, Laura I'". Brighton Li.strict, Boston, iMa.s.s. 

Merrill, I3aniel Ho.\ 67, Salem, j\. 11. 

Merrill, l':iiza Ann Salem, N. II. 

Merrill, llattie I. Salem, N. 11. 

Merrill. ICstherJ. Salem, N. II. 

Merrill, Leonard M. \\o\ 67, Salem, N. 11. 

Merrill, May A. Salem, N. 11. 

Merrill, Pearl Salem, N. 1 1. 

Merrill, Varnum A. Hox 37, Salem Centre, N. 11. 

Miller, Mrs. Melvena P 349 Haverhill St., Lawrence, 

Mills, Annie L. 1 lamp.stead, N. 11. 

Mcses, Mrs. L. J. West Newbury, Mass. 

Muses, Rev. Vnicent West Newbury, Mass. 

Nichols, Adaline C. 3 Chadwick St., Bradford, Mass. 

Nichols, lulith I^radford, Mass. 

Nichols, I'jiima L. Bradford, Mass. 

Nichols, Mora P. 3 Chadwick St., Ikadfoid, Mass. 

Nichols, Grace J 3 Chadwick St., Bradford, Mass. 

Nichols, Maude PI. Bradford, Mass. 

Nichols, I). BradfortI, Mass. 

Nichols, Mrs. Osa I). Bradford, Mass. 

Newcomb, Mrs. Ceorge P". 90 Vtjrk Sq., New llaven. Conn. 

Page, Marion R. Canobic Lake, N. H. 

Page, M. C. Canobie Lake, N. II. 

Page, Mrs. Moses C. Canobie Lake, N. II. 

Pattee, Mrs. Allie Salem, N. 11. 

Perkins, Mrs. Chas. 25 I'ickman St., .Salem, Mas.s. 

Pevear, Mrs. P\ S. ji Ilenry Ave., Lynn, Mass. 

Poor, J. Bailey Popsfield, Mass. 

Poor, Mrs. J. Baile)' Tojjsfield, Mas.s. 

Poore, Alfred .Salem, Mass. 

Prescott, Mrs. A. K. 404 Ilanison Aye., Helena, Mon. 

Rand, Mr.s. S. M. B. G38 Dudley St., Roxbury, Mass. 

Reed, Wm. II. ■ South Weymouth, Mass. 

Richardson, Myra A. 473 Haverhill St., Lawrence, Mass. 

^^ '-'-•^T 0|- ME.\I1!1;KS. 

Robinson, Mrs. Frank H. 48 Whitin^^ St., Lynn, Mass 

^^''-^^^■^' ^■- ^'- iJruwnfielcl. Maine 

Ivo^icrs, Luther 11 Patten, Maine 

Kus.sel], (ieo, H. ,9 VViltci Ave., .Lcnvell. Mass . 

Sanborn, J. P. I'laistovv, N. H 

Sanborn, Mrs. J. J: l^iaistow, N. H 

Sawyer, Mrs. Almira VV. K iHS Groveland St., Haverhill Mass 

Sawyer, Annie Jlampstead, N. H 

Sawyer, Chas. A. .4 Portland iilock, Chicago 111 

Sawyer, Clarence L. HanipsteacI, N II 

Shattuck, C. \V. Winchester, ALiss 

Shattuck, Geo. O. 35 Court St., Jioston, Mass 

Shattuck, Jo.seph Lawrence, Mass 

Smith, ]-Vank A. 15 Whiting St., Lynn. Mass 

S'"'^^^' ^^- ^I- Stoneham, 

Spiller, \Vm. T. Stoneham, Mass 

.f-'"l'' :|^''^'^'f ^^- 219 ]■:. Merri.nac St.. Lowell, Mass 

':' ' ^^';, '■ ^ ■ -^^9 E. Merrimac St., Lowell, Mass, 

Ualker, Helen E. 35 Union St., Charlestown, Mass 

Uason, Alvah Salem, N. H. 

VVason, Mary L. Salem, N. H. 

Whaler, Ralph K Salem, N. H. 

Wheeler, Mrs. Fretl O. Salem, N. H 

Whitmarsb, Mrs. M. K. 5 Waterlow St., Dorchester, Mass 

Wh.tmarsh, Wm. H, 5 Waterlow St., Dorchester, Mass' 

W iswall, Marion VV. 40 Mt. Pleasant Ave., Ro.xbury Mass 

Wildes, A. W. (M. D.) -,99 Dudley St., Ro.xbury, Mass " " ' 

\\ oodbury, Chas. T. Methuen, Mass. 

Willet, John N. Hradford, Mass. 

NoiK. - There are douhtle.s.s .some eno.s ami umi.s.sions m the forepoinu 1 he Secretary will be glad to nrike any corrections needed if members 
will send him notice of the same. 

11(11. 1. is k. |{.\ii.i.:\, .Secretary, 

53 Slate Street, Hoston, Mass. 




oi' iiii': 

Bailey -Bayley Family Association 

iii:li) at 

North Scituate, flass., September 6th 


So.MKK\iLLE Citizen Puess. 


Semper Fidelis — Always Faithful 

Account of the Fifth Annual Gathering 

Ol' J'lll 


Held at North Scitoate, Mass., September 6th, 1897 


The meeting was held hi Seasitle Chai)el near the beach in 
that part of North Scituate, forniL-ily called l-"arni Neck, close 
by the homestead where John Hailcy ol Scituate settled in 1670. 

The meeting was called to order by J. Warren Jkiiley, I'^st|., 
President ol the Association, at 1 1 A i\I. 

After an opening prayer by Deacon Thomas T. Hailey of 
Melrose, a descemlant of John iiailey of Scituate, llie President 
of the Association, spoke as follows : - - 

My friend and membeis of the Bailey-J^ayley h^amil)' Asso- 
ciation, we have gatheied here as members of the l^aile}' Hayley 
Family Association for our iifth annual meeting and it gi\cs me 
pleasure, as your presiding olficer, to welcome you here this 
beautiful morning in this spot made interesting by historic 

The Secretary has prepared a program that is so full of 
matter which will interest )'oii, that I shall nui be recjuircd to 
take up much of your tiuii- or attention. It has now hccinne 
the fashion, i ma)' sa)' the WLll-iccogni/cd diit\-, of thoM.- wlio 
li\'e at the present tia)' to spend their tune and nione)' in jscer- 
taining and [jerpetuating the history of the ancestijrs wlio^e 
names they bear. The work is attended with muc h diiriculiy and 

4 liUsiM'SS .MKi:riN(i. 

many of us arc still unable to tell just where and how our 
.ancestors lived. 

In the years which follow, this difficulty will grow less, 
provided this Association is true to the work which it has 

While we pursue this work of historical research, let us not 
forget that we owe another duty to those who will siu:ceed us. 

\Vc must i)rorit hy the lessons of the past and hand down 
unblemished the name we are proud to bear. 

Let us keep this constantly in mind so that those who fol- 
low us in the twentieth or twenty-first century, as they look 
back, may be able to .say that the lidleys who lived at the close 
ot the nineteenth century were worthy desceiulants of an illus- 
trious family and handed down untarnished the name of Jktiley. 


Ladies and Gentlemen of the Association : — 

Those of you who were present at the last meeting will 
recall that I reported a deficit of some twenty-five dollars. I am 
happy to state that that debt is wiped out. Our E.vecutive 
Committee and Officers have spent considerable nic^ney out of 
their own 'pockets for which they have made no claim upon the 
Association and have also spent much valuable tune in carrying 
on the work of the Association, As the Association asks only 
a very small sum each year in the way of annual dues, it is very 
desirable that those who can afford it should make generous 
voluntary contributions. We have to thank one member of 
the Association for a donation of eight dollars. We have some 
printed reports of the past meetings still unsold. Members are 
urged to purchase. 

Whatever money the Association has at any time is kept 
deposited in a bank in the name of the Association. One of our 
members has been banker for the Association and has advanced 
money from time to time as it has been needed. I am hapjjy to 
say he has now been repaid in full. 

The total receipts for the year from initiation fees, annual 
dues, contributions and the sale of reports amounted to ,Si 17 i6. 

I'llI'. r.,\I(,KV-liAVI.i:\ lAMILV ASSOCIATION. 5 

'1 he total, expeiuliturc lor uiiiitiii^- notices, pro-rains ami 
repoits aiul for postage anti sundry expenses was $112.56. 

The Secretary iias examined the Treasurer's accounts and 
the vouchers are where the)- can be seen at any time. 1 woulil 
sug-^^est that it may be well hereaUer to iia\e a reguhu- autlilor. 

1 he J'reasurer's repoi t was accepted. 

Rl^POR'l" OF TJlh: Sl'XRhriARV, IIORLIS R. l^AILl-A'. 

A full report of the last annual meetim; has been printed 
and offered for sale to the members. 

This report gives also a list of the mend^eis of the Associa- 
tion. This list is no longer complete and some corrections will 
te necessary when it is again printed. There has been a healthy 
but not very large growth ol the Association. 'I'lie present 
membership is about two luuulreil. It ought to be doiil)lcd. I 
wish to re[)eat the statement of the 'treasurer, that the .\ssocia- 
tion needs money to carr)' on its work. Hesitles the annual 
report, we ha\e considerable genealogical material which ought 
to be printed. 1 hope the Association will be able to raise the 
money needed for this work. Ihe report of the last gathering 
contains a very waluable and carefully prepared aiticle b)' 
Mr. William II. Reed on Tliom..,-, Jiailc)', who, as earl)' as 1630, 
settled on the south side oi I^oston liarbor near the spot occu- 
pied by Thomas Weston in 1623, first kn(.)\\ii as Wchsagussel 
and later as XW^yrnouth. 

On motion of Henry '1\ liailc)' and vote of the Association, 
the Presitlent appointed the lollowing committee to nominate 
olficers of the i\ssociatit)n for tlie coming )'ear : 

Henry T. l^ailey of Scituate, 

Thomas R. Hailey of Hoston, 

And Mrs. Milton I'dlsworth of Rowley. 

On motion of William W. Hailc)- of Nashua, it was voted 
that an auditor be aiUled to the list ot ollicei.-i tor the ensuing 

The president read several letters from persons who were 


unable to be present. Aniont;" tliese were letters from 1 lorace 
\V. Bailey, l"^sc|., of Newbur)', X'ernioiit, Chester T. Sherman of 
\\'ashin<i,ton, 1). C. and Congressman J. \V. Hailey of Texas. 

In response to an inc[uiry by Mr. Thomas Hailey, the Secre- 
tary announced that the husl)anils and wives ot i)ersons ot the 
Bailey blood are eligible for mend)eiship in the Association and 
are invited to attend the •■atherini'S. 




15v I\Iks. Hi.iz \hi;tii .S. I^mi^kson Haii.kv oi" MauuvTTa, Ohio. 

[ Rciul by iMr. Willi. iiu II. Rtctl of Soulh WcyiiiDUlh. | 

I wish to t.'X])rL'ss in the ha]) words 

My joy in this Rioneor meeting ; 
Anil how I aui longing with heart and with hand 

T(.) join in the general greeting. 

On the Scitnate headhuxls to stand jnst for once 

Looking down on the prospect l)elow, 
To tlie spot where our forefathers planted their homes 

More than six generations ago. 

To look on the harbor whose welcoming light 

Smiles out so inviting and free, 
Where the mossers are gathering stores from the rocks, 

And the hshermen wealth from the sea. 

'T would be worth half a life time to have such a view 
And to think all the thoughts it would bring ; 

And that journey to Scituale, had I but wings, 
Would be such a wonderful thing. 

But I stand on the verge of the border land. 

On the shore t)f the m)stical river, 
Which sooner or later we all must cross 

To the shore of the great Forever. 

The vigor and strength of my life are gone, 

My hair has the silvery rime ; 
My future in calmness I leave in Ood's han<l 

And am (juietly waiting Ilis time. 

For the hus!>and and father whose name we bear, 

We send you a reverent greeting ; 
llow (piick was his hand for the grasp of a friend, 

llow his heart would have thrilled at this meeting. 

One day is too short for a meeting like this. 

With our I'amily Records to trace ; 
On the F:;vergreeii shore, when life's hurry is o'er. 

Will be our best gathering place. 


I'^ollowing the reading of the i)()eni there was singing by a 
quartet, consisting of Henry T. Bailey, I-Ved T. l^ailey, Sarah 
T. Bailey and lainna V. Bailey, all tlescendants of John Bailey 
of Scituate. 

ADDKI'.SS Oh' in<:NRY T. ]^A1IJ-:V. 

Henry T. Bailey of Scituate, a descendant of John Ikiiley 
of Scituate, spoke in a very entertaining way about some of the 
llaileys oi Scituate. He acconi])lished the very difficult task of 
presenting genealogical facts, usually as dry as dust, in a manner 
which commanded the attention of his entire audience. He is 
State Supervisor of drawing for Massachusetts, holding the 
office of Agent for the State ]5oard of lulucation. The most of 
his address, he said, was what he had been told by his Aunt 

He spoke in part as follows . — ■ 

"John Bailey of Scituate," so called, came there from Wey- 
mouth as a tenant farmer of Capt. John Williams' I-'arm Neck, 
1670. Nearly all the Baileys of Scituate are descended from 
John's grandson, Caleb, born in 1720. Great-grandfather Caleb 
had six children. 

The first was Israel, whose daughter Asenath was the 
mother of Christopher Tilden of l^oston, and 'i'homas, formerly 
selectman of Scituate, whose twin brother Sewell was the father 
of Thomas F. Bailey, selectman and represesentative to the 

The second was Caleb, grandfather of Winchell of Boston, 
Ann Mary, matron of an asylum in New York State somewhere, 
and James and Charles, who owned the restaurant on Lincoln 
Street, Jk)Ston, so popular with the railroad men. This Caleb 
had 12 children, one of whom, Deborah, marrietl Martin Merritt, 
whose daughter Abbey was the mother of the N(jrth Scituate 
Cla{)ps. Her sons were fathers of Walter Merritt, formerly 
constable, and Billings Merritt, contractor and builder in this 
village. Another of Caleb's daughters is ]'"d\ira, in her 86th 
year, the mother of Lea. Freeman H. Gannett. 

The third was Joseph, who had four chiklren by his tust 


wife, Deborah J'iklen, ami six b)' his second, her sister Lydia. 
He died at 37, and Lydia married again. bVom him, through 
his son Job, are descended job l'\, formerly door, sash and blind 
manufacturer, Kneeland Street, Hoston ; John, the father of 
lulward Willis Haile)', who is now at the head of the firm, and 
Josei:)h T., the great wool merchant, until recently jiresident of 
the Hoylston liank, and Dea. George W., the shoe manufacturer 
and father of Herbert of Wollaston. 

Job's daughter Maria married a Vina), and l)ecame the 
mother of (icorge and Job, the grocers, and another daughter, 
Margaret, is the mother of h'ann)', the wife of S. T. Spear, our 
grocer. h".ver)'bod}' here knows "Aunt Lydia," another of Job's 
daughters, who has just enlarged the old house into the most 
conspicuous resilience in the village. Joseph is also graiuUather 
to Josei)h, the cari)enter at Scituate Centre, and l^'rank, the 
butcher, at Scituate Harbijr. 

The eldest son of Joseph by his second wife, L)'dia, was 
Thomas Tilden, commonly called I'ilden IJailey. lie was repre- 
sentative to the (leneial Court in his da)', and the father of 
'I'homas, now of Melrose; Jotham was founder of the J. W. 
Haile}' Sons Compaii)', Boston, and father of the Haileys of 
Reading, and of Miriam, wife of Samuel Agnew, lately come 
here from Morida, and one of the best men in town ; and Dea. 
Charles of North Scituate, whose wife was Juidora Turner, one 
of the famous Norwell family of 'burners, whose "four liailey 
boys" are well known, llenr)' is the j)ersOn now addiessing you; 
Vrcd is in business in North Scituate, was chairman ot the 
school committee last }'ear, and is v/ell known in the Count)' as 
a sj:)eaker upon black board teaching in Suntlay School work. 
Albert, who married a daughter of e.\-Mayor llall of Cambridge, 
is I\Laster of English, Worcester Academy, and Charles, the 
youngest son, now 24, is receiving teller, ]i(j)lston liank, lioston. 
There are two girls in the family, and it is this family which 
claims "Aunt Sarah" as a member. 

Waterman, another son by Lydia, was tiie father ot Davis 
Bailey, ami of James T. oi Boston, of the (jld linn of Lincoln & 
liailey, roofers. 

Great-grandfather Caleb had a daughter Lydia, who niarricd 


a IMerritt. After the birth ol her first chilti, Thillippa, her left 
side was paralyzed, so that she lost the use of her arm, and used 
to ha\'e it always in a slin^". Nevertheless, she was the mother 
<»f IJ more chiltlren, and did all her own work, inehiding the 
spinning, weaving and knitting. She could use the fingers of 
her left hand, but not the arm. She was the grandmother ol 
the Brockton Merritts, of all the Scituate Centre IMerritts, and 
through her daughters, l^mil)- and I'lli/abeth, of the Litchtields 
of North Scituate antl (juinc)'. ( )ne of her sons, Bailey IMerritt, 
had two daughters, who are the mothers of the Nt)rth Scituate 
Vinals, and of some of thi; Litchfields in l'-gyi>t. 

Great-grandfather Caleb had a son Job, great-grandfather 
of C. 1'. B. Tilden of Cohasset, and his brothers, ICdward and 

There was a son l-'^benezer, the father of Noah, whose son, 
Thomas (). Bailey, was a shoe manufacturer here, and whose 
daughter Mercy is mother-in-law to l^Vank Learnard of DeWolte, 
Fiske & Co., at the Archway. 

There were other children, I think, but I can't remember 

riii'. r.Aii.r.v-ii\\ LKV iamii.v association. ii 

IMARIirn'A, 1)1 IK). 

KKAI) 1!\ MK. WII.I-I.X.M 11. Klll'-H. 

The Bailey Pioneers of the Northwest Territory. 

I cannot cxprcs.s tlic (lcii^i;lit it would ij^'ivc mc to staiul on 
the hi.storic i;rouiul whicli was once the home of lour ol my 
ancestors. Here John Bailey of Scituate liveil and died. Here 
liis son Joseph settled with his wife Jerusha Adams, ami here 
their lo children were born, and here J(vsci)h died in 1747. 
-Their son, Adams, greu- to manhood in Scituate and in 1746 
married Sarah Howard, daughter of Jonathan and Sarah h'ield 
Howard of Hridgewater. Her great grandfather, John Howard, 
"came from luigland when quite young," (i) and "was brought 
up in the family of Miles Standish" (2) (3) He was a man of 
much influence, and one of the first military officers in Bridge- 
water" (4} and "represehted that town at Plymouth Court 1678." 

We find many eminent men among his descendants, per- 
haps the most widely known are William Cullen l^r) ant and 
Gen. O. O. Howard. In this ancient and beautiful town were 
born also my great grandfather Seth, eldest son of Adams ami 
Sarah Howard Bailey, and his brothers, Capt. Adams and 

The family then moved to Bridgewater, where the remaining 
nine children were born. Three of them left no descendants, 
six married and settled in New England, and three sons, Seth, 
Caleb and Daniel, whose movements we shall briefly trace, 
moved to the west. 

The Ohio Com})any was practically originated in 1776, when 
Congress, having insufficient means to pay the army, i^assed an 
act offering a tract of land t(j every officer and soldier who 
served during the war. In 17.S3, after the declaration of peace 
with (ireat Britain, 283 army officers prepared a petition to Con- 

*Mitclieirs History of Bridj^ewalcr, 1H40. (1) and (3) Miss. Cove's 
data. (2) and (4) I'aruiL-r. 


gress asking- th^t a grant of lantl for actual settlement to which 
the act of 1776 entitled them, might be located between Lake 
I^rie and the Ohio lvi\er ; and in a letter to (ien. Washington, 
which is now among the lecords of Marietta College, (ien. 
Rufus Putnam makes an admirable clear-cut sl;itenient of the 
advantages of such a settlement to the United States, as well 
as to the recipients of the land grant. 

He enclosed the petition with this letter, and requested 
Gen. W^ashington to i)resent it to (congress and give it his 
patronage. This was done. (ien. Washington says, "1 used 
every power I was master of," but Congress, while acknowledg- 
ing the propriety and polic\' of the move, was slow to act, and 
l)leaded lack of ownership b)''the government. The condition 
ot the officers and soldiers at this time was deplorable in the 
extreme. Oft times pennile.'-s, perhaps homeles:^ as well, with 
families dependent upon them, with all busmess interests de- 
pressed, and with nothing to pioxide with but depreciated con- 
tinental certificates, many of them had exhausted their for- 
tunes, their health and their capabilities of earning a livelihood 
in behalf ot their ccnuitry. 

In 1785 Congress ordered the Ohio lands surveyed and 
offered for sale, and a purchase of the Indian rights to same was 
made for $25,000 ; New York* and \'irginia t had already ceded 
to the United States their claims to lands north (jf the Ohio River. 
. Early in 1786 a convention of delegates from eight counties 
of Massachusetts, comjiosed mainly of olllcers who served in 
the late war, met at the Hunch of Grapes tavern in ]5oston to 
consider the advisability of raising a fund not to exceed a mil- 
lion dollars in Continental specie certificates for the purchase of 
Ohio lands for actual settlement. They formed an association 
called the Ohio company, which immediately set about enlisting 
Congress and the Massachusetts people in the pro[)Osecl pur- 
chase and colonization. 

The Northwest lYrritory was created in 17S7. J "It in- 
cluded all the public lands north of the Ohio River, and em- 
braced the present states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan 
and Wisconsin," The "ordinance of 1787" and the "Ohio 

*I7S1 11783 iHarues' History t)f the U. S. 


Company's purchase" were pending in Congress at the same 
time ; ^ "they were parts of the same transaction" and were de- 
l^endent upon each other lor success. I^oth were satislactorily 
settled in July. The original contract of i/cS/, and the three 
patents issued to the Ohio Company are ni)W in the Marietta 
College Library. Congress granted the Ohio ComiKiny for 
actual settlement a milHon .md a hah acres of land for a million 
dollars. It is also granted two full townships of land tor a uni- 
versity which II "was the first example iu the history of our 
country of an establishment and eiulowment of an institution 
of learning by the direct agency of the general government." 
"Section i6 in every township was given perpetually for the sup- 
port of schools; section 29 for the. support of religi(jn, while 
sections 8, 1 1 and 26 were reserved for the future disposition (;f 
Congress." The first permanent settlement in all this North- 
West Territory was made by the Ohio Company m 1788 at 
Marietta, Ohio. 

This settlement was national in its character, not individual. 
It was the offspring of national poverty and consequent national 
legislation, and was protected by the hV-deral (iovernment. 

f "The early adventurers to the Northwestern Territory," 
says Burnet, "were generally men who had spent the prime of 
their live^ in the war of independence. Some of them were 
young men descended from revolutionary patriots." The colo- 
nists of Marietta and vicinity were principally descendants of the 
Puritan discoverers of Plymouth Rock in 1620. Of like habits 
and customs and of the same high i)rinciple, culture and courage. 
It is well that they were, for men and women of lesser calibre 
would have fainted under the hardships of the first ten years. 
Their communications with the east were rare. The depreda- 
tions of the Indians finally drove the colonists into garrisons, 
])lacing them almost in a state of siege from 1791 to 1795, and 
for a year famine stared them in the face through the failure of 
crops and inability to secure game ; and the small-po.\ added to 
the distress of the thickly populated block houses which formed 
the garrisons ; but the small-jjo.x patients mostly recovered 

§North Americau Review. Il Venable. 

t Burnet's Notes on the Northwest Territory. 


and the treaty of 1795 jnit an end to the IncHan war and allowed 
the colonists to return to their houses and till their lands in 

* It is said that 'the subtluinf^ of a new country gives a 
pleasure something like that attendant on creati(Mi." The new 
country was fertile in soil, delightful in situaticjn, healthy in cli- 
mate; well watered, well timbered, and after 1 796 free frcjm 
Indian depredations. The vegetable products were varied and 
and beautiful and the yield immense. Ciame and fish and wild 
honey were abundant and delicious ; even elk and buffalo steak 
and broiled i:)heasant enlivened the bill of fare, and wild turkeys 
were as the sands of the sea. 

f As early as 1794 atpiantity of scions of the choicest ap|)le 
trees were brought to ikdpre from New I'^ngland and care- 
fully distributed, and fruit raising became a prominent industry. 
Nor was literary culture neglectetl. Schools sprang u\) every- 
where, and in 1796, or earlier, the first library in the Northwest 
Territory was established at l)el[)re, Ohio, si.\ miles below the 
future Bailey homes, and shares sold to settlers at ^'O each. In 
the Ohio historical collecticjn Amos Dunham says: | " In order 
to make the long winter evenings pass more smoothly by great 
exertion I purchased a share in the Helpre Library six miles 
distant. Many a night have I passed (using pine knots instead 
of candles) reading to my wife while she sat hatcheling, carding 
or s]mining." The Coonskin Library of Amesville was the 
second in the Northwest Territor)' and was obtained in i<S04 b}' 
collecting and selling a rpuintity of raccoon and other skins and 
investing the proceeds in a valuable collection of books, which 
were brought from lioston in a spiing wagon. § Their care of, 
the library was such that a fine of three cents was imposed for 
each drop of tallow defacing a book. To this well-favored land 
came the descendants of Adams and Sarah Howard Bailey. 

In 1790 their son Caleb, then a young man of 22, joined a 
party from Massachusetts, under the leadership of (ien. Rufus 
Putnam, superintendent of the Ohio Company, and made his new 
home in what is now I'arkersburg, West Virginia, but eventuall)' 

* Gov. vSt. Clair's address July, '88. 

t History of Washington Co., p. 514. X 575. gHildreth. 


settled some distance iijj the Kanawha river, where his descend- 
ants still live, ile married Anna James. They had two sons 
and four dau[^htcrs, two of whom died early, h'arthcr than this 
I am unahle to give relial^le information. 

Daniel l^ailey, Caleb's brother, married Lucinda Perry, 
daughter of James Perry of I']aston, a captain in the Colonial 
wars. They had three children born in l^aston, iXchsah, Har- 
riet and Alfreda. In 1794, when Alfreda was a baby, they 
started, I am told, lor Dhio, journeying o\er mountains and 
rivers in a one-horse baggage wagon and crossing the Huds(jn at 
Peekskill late in the fall. In six weeks the)- reached Pud.s 
P^erry, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburg, where tlic)' decided to 
remain, and here their five younger children were born. iJaniel 
liailey died in 1850 and his wife in 181 1; b(^th are buried at 
Rehoboth, Pennsylvania. 

All the children but iXchsah settled in and died in the .State 
of Ohio. All married and left descendants but Luciiula, 
who lived at Zanesville with her sister, Mrs. Peters, and died 
th^-e at an advanced age. Achsah L., born in i/iSq, man led 
Thomas Robinson and settled near home, 'idiey had nine chil- 
dren, the oldest of whom, J)r. J. (_). Robinson, now 80 years i)f 
age, has been a practising [)hy.sician of accejjtance for over 48 
years in W'est Newton, Pennsyhania. His advanced )'ears and 
feeble health alone ]:)revent his being present to-day. He has an 
interesting family, some of whom are settled near him. Harriet 
l^ailey, b"rn 1791, married VVm. Cunningham, had several chil- 
dren, lived and died in Wayne Co., C)hio. Alfreda H. l^ailey, 
born 1793, married Robert Hamilton, mo\ed to Co.shocton Co., 
Ohio, where she lived and died, ha\ing laised a large family. J)r. 
(ieorge liartlett 15ailey, born 1796, married Jane McConanghy 
settled at Georgetown, Ohi(^ where nine children weie born to 
them and where both parents tlied. Their eldest son, (ieorge 
]5artlett, was a young man of much [)r(jmise, and but for his 
untimely death in 1861 would doubtless have risen to promi- 
nence. He gievv up with and was an intimate friend of LJlysses 
S. Grant, who was always a warm friend of the family as well. 

Charlotte Adams l^ailey, born 1802, married Adam Peters, 
li\'ed and died in Zanesville, ( )hio. They had one daugliter, 


James P., born iSo8, married, liatl several children, enlisted 
in the late war, and died in Zanesville some years thereafter. 

Leonard Terry l^ailey, born 1798, died 1886, married Abi[;ail 
Matthews and settled in Zanesville, Ohio. They had nine 
children, several of whom were esj)ecial]y skilled in art. Most 
of them died before reaching middle life. One grand-daughter 
recently married a Swedish baron, a man of some political j^rom- 
inence in his own country. From a press article, written by S. 
S. Gilson in 1885, I extract the following : "One of the most in- 
teresting men in Zanesville is Mr. Leonard P. Jkiiley, 8y years 
of age, and an elder in the church for over 50 years. Mr. 
Bailey began the manufacture of organs and pianos in 1820. 
He made and introduced the first organ used in a Presbyterian 
Church in America. A desire was ex[)ressed by several persons 
for its introduction into the Second Presbyterian Church. 
Alter considerable consideration and hesitation, Mr. Culbertson 
(the pastor) consented, but added, ' If there is one good old 
woman opposed, it must go out.' A place was prepared for the 
organ in the gallery, where it stood many Sabbaths in silence. 
When the people had become accustomed to its presence, it was 
played one Sabbath for the children. Soon it was used for the 
full service, and not a single objection was made by any member 
of the church or congregation. In announcing the o])ening 
hymn Mr. Culbertson said 'We will now fiddle and sing the 
159th hymn.' Three years after Mr. Bailey visited l^altimore, 
Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and other eastern cities and 
did not find any organ in use in any Presbyterian Church." 

It was a pleasure to hear heather Bailey play upon a piano 
of his own manufacture, made 33 years ago. The instrument 
is elegant in workmanship, modern in appearance and rich in 
tone, a testimony to the conscience of the Christian workman 
of former days. I might add that Uncle Leonard made the first 
pipe organ ever used in Marietta, which has been in constant 
use ever since it was introduced in 1846. 

Although Seth, Jr., eldest brother of Caleb and Daniel 
Bailey, was born in the lovely town in which you gather to-day, 
he probably grew up in West Bridgewater, whence his father 
moved before he was five years old. 

Till': i; AlI.l'.V-I'.AVI.l'.V I'AMII.V ASSOCIATION. 


In 1770 he nianicii DclxMah Tackard, clau<;htcr of Caj)!. 
Jacob Packard, a ilesccn(hint of John Howard and also of Samuel 
Packard, both of whom were ancestors of VVm. C'lillen liryant. 

Seth and Deborah Packard Hailey had nine children; Sarah 
(who died at six), Deborah and Joseph were born at l^rid^e- 
water. The family then moved to luiston, where my t;randiather 
Seth, Martin, (loodini;, Mar), Sarah llowaril and Caleb were 
all born. The old house where Seth Hailey, Sr., lived is still 
standini^ in W. Hrid^^ewater. 

*lle was a re\-olutionary soUlier, "a private in Capt. Seth 
Pratt's Company ot Colonel James Williams Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Troops," also a member of the Committee ol Corre- 
spondence and Safet)' of l^aston, Massachusetts. In 1790 his 
brother Caleb went west with the Ohio Company. In 1794 his 
brother Daniel started for the same vicinity, but halted near 
Pittsburj;' and remained there, though all his children but Mrs. 
Robinson eventually moved to ( )hio. 

In 1798 his son Seth, Jr., my grandfather, came to the vicin- 
ity of Marietta, marrietl ami in 1S04 returned to Iviston bjr his 
father's family. Jacob returned from \'ermont, where he was 
now living, and the two yoimg men worked a seast)n in the 
harvest held to earn money to bring their father's family west. 
Pullman cars and Northhuul steamshi|)s were not in vogue at 
this time and the journey was made in o.\ team.s in the hdl of 
1S04 by the entire family except Jacob, who returneil to 

They stopped at Hutls PV-rr)', Penns)'lvania, to visit Daniel 
Hailey and family en route. With the e\ce|jtion of Seth, Jr., 
the famil)' settled in Virginia, now West X'irginia, a few miles 
below Marietta on the Ohio i\i\er. The father and mother only 
li\'e(l a few )ears. Deborah married a Mr. Hutler, and the)' 
eventually settletl in .St. Louis, Missouri, and it is said Caleb 
j(.)ined her and both died there. Caleb'was unmarried; Deborah 
left no children. A friend who was present at her wedding 
said that she well remembered after the ceremony and congrat- 
ulations were o\er seeing Deborah tie on an apron and get 
supper for the guests. 

* 1 lisUuN nf I'.aslon. 


Gooding lost his sweetheart by death and became insane in 
consequence and died in a few years. Mary became engaged to 
a prosperous young farmer in the vicinity, but died before the 
marriage occurred. Thus of the family of nine children, Seth, 
Jr., Martin and Sarah Howard Bailey were the only ones in the 
west to leave descendants, Jacob having married and settled in 

Seth Bailey, Jr., was born at Ivaston, Massachusetts, in 
1778, and probably grew to manhood there. He came from 
Easton to the Northwest Territory in 1798 with Judge Silvanus 
Ames and family. All the way from Pittsburg, a distance of 
150 miles, he rode on horseback, and carried Judge Ames' little 
boy, who afterward became Bishop Ames, h'or two years he 
lived opposite Belpre in what is now Barkersburg, West Virginia. 
Capt. \Vm. James and family were then living on IMennerha.-.- 
sett's Island near by. They had come to the Northwest Terri- 
tory from Stonington, Connecticut, in 1790. During the Indian 
war they had lived in the garrison at Belpre, known as Farmers' 
Castle, and here my two grandmothers, Polly James, a bright, 
active girl of fifteen, and Mary P)ana, an intellectual little girl of 
nine, both daughters of Revolutionary officers, used to run races 
in knitting, and it is said that Polly James always won, and the 
ambitious effort always made little Mary sick. In 1800 Seth 
Bailey, Jr., and Polly James were married. Capt. James then 
owned Vienna and James Islands and 700 acres at Stilwell, 

For Polly's wedding dowry her father gave her Vienna 
Island, six miles below Marietta, in the Ohicj River. They lived 
on James Island for a time, but "Mr. liailey built a cabin on 
Vienna Island, and began the work of clearing in 1802. The 
island was densely covered with immense trees, and clearing 
progressed slowly and involved the hardest kind of labor. 
Winter set in before a shelter could 'be provided for the stock, 
but nature had supplied that. A .sycamore tree, 17 feet in its 
greatest diameter and 15 in its shortest, was discovered to be 
hollow. A door was cut in one side and the interior found large 
enough to afford a comfortable stable for all the stock." (.)n 
one of these islands Maria was born in 1803 In 1804 Seth, Jr., 

nil': i!.\iLi:v-iiAVLi:v family association. 19 

returned to luiston for his father's family, lie probably left his 
wife aiul daughter at her father's at Stilwcll, Virginia, where 
Betsy was boi 11 during his absence, wliich was i)rolongeu 
throughout the harvesting season in order to earn money for 
the family emigration to Ohio, which occurred during the fall. 
Upon his return, Seth, Jr., settled in Warren townshi}), Ohio, 
opposite his island lumie. The change was made f(n" good 
reasons. Spring freshets and floods occur at irregular intervals 
in the Ohio River. To-day the telegraph warns us of impending 
danger. Such a rise in the river came upon them unheralded. 
Grandfather at once transferred the stock to the Ohio mainland 
and quick!)' returneil tor his wife and baby and household goods. 
The ri\er hat! risen so rapidly that he found grandmother sitting 
on the bcil with her baby to keep out of the flood which had 
already covered the floor. 

The Washington County History says : "The rich lands 
along the river were naturally chosen by the first settleis. The 
first permanent improvements (in Warien township) were 
made by Seth Haile)-, Jr., b!lias Newton and the Cole family in 
1804 and 1S05. These old families were not only the pi(jneers 
of the township, but the leading characters in its history for 
more than 30 )'ears. They were men of culture and energy, 
who were ambitions to build up the connnunit)' as well as their 
l)rivate fortunes." 

"The first frame houses in Warren township were built by 
Messrs. (Seth) Hailey (Jr.), Newton and Cole. I'he frames 
were matle at the headwaters of the Ohio, and llt)atetl ilown on 
rafts." (jrandfather built early in 1805, op[)osite the head of 
Vienna Island. This became tlie IJaile)' homestead, a centre of 
large hospitality and social life. l'"or many years it was not un- 
common for 20 to sit daily at their tal)le. In this home the 
other nine children were born, and here was raisetl a bright, in- 
telligent family of 11, all of whom lived past middle life. The 
following narrative dictated by my father, Wm. Dennison Hailey, 
is one of many reminiscences of grandfather's early pioneer 
life. "luirly in the jiresent century my father packed salt from 
the Scioto salt works to his home near Marietta. It usually 
took him al)out a week to make the round trip of 140 miles. \lc 


generally walked both ways, often travelling 35 miles without 
])assing a house. He always went chuing the grazing season, 
as he could not carry feed for the horses. He took with him 
two or three horses with pack sacklles, on which were placed six 
bushels of salt (300 lbs.) to the horse. 

There were no roads, simi)ly narrow trails wide enough for 
the horses to walk single hie. He used to follow along the trail 
behmd the horses, carryjng an old musket with a Hint lock, and 
a jjiece of punk to strike fire when he went into camp at night. 
Sometimes he would travel till after tlark in order to reach a 
good camping place. The wolves were very ahimdant and would 
commence howling soon after dark, first on i>nc side, then on 
the other, then in ivonl and l)ehin(l him. The woods were alive 
with them. 

When returning and ready to go into camp he would lay 
the bags of salt and pack saddles in a pile near the hre and turn 
the horses loose to graze. Sometimes the woKcs would gather 
around the horses and drive them back until they stood with 
their heads over the bags of salt close to the hre. When 
brought to the Ohio River that salt was worth iG cents a pound 
or $8 00 a bushel. 

Sometimes he paid for it in money, but ordinarily he would 
e.xchange a tow linen shirt or pair of tow pantaloons for a 
bushel of salt. The workmen needed these garments as much 
as he needed the salt, as there were no stores out there at the 
time. These garments were made from lla.x which he had 
raised, broken and hatcheled, ami which my mother hati .spun 
and woven and made int(j garments." 

Polly James liailey was of I'uritan descent, a woman of re- 
markable vig(jr of character and deep religious fervor. For 
many years she was the only jjrofessing Christian in the War- 
ren settlement. Seth Hailey, jr., was a man of robust physique, 
tireless energy, sound business habits and wise benevolence. 
The first school house in Warren township was built on his farm 
in 1810 of log.s, and later replaced by one cf brick. . "In this 
house the Presbyterian Church of Warren was formed h'eb. 23, 
1828. His wife was one of the constituent members, and he 
and four stms, Seth, John, Hennett and William, uniteil with it 

iiii: ii.\i(.i;\-ii.\\ I i:\ i-.\mii.\- assoliation. 2i 

in 1833. When the Sabbath School in the township was 
established in tiic sjM in,i;()f JS19, the rccortl shows that o{ the 
32 scholars enrolled, ei-ht were the children o( Seth Ikiiley, Jr., 
the youngest of whom was my lather, a little lad of three years. 
Seth l^ailey, Jr., <;ave the land lor a pulilic cemetery and the site 
for a church and helped largely to build the church in 1837. 
•'Rest is a change of employment," was a fa\drite ma.xim ot his, 
and he often told my father that hedid not know what it was to 
be tired. After the death of his wife in 1852 he received eveiy 
care through the faithful devotion of his daugliter Ik'tsy, wIkj 
unselfishly gave U|:) a home of her ow-n in order to care for her 
parents. He accpiired considerable i)roperty and died m J 861 at 
the age of S3. Martin i^ailey, Seth's brother, was born at 
I'^aston, came west in 1804, and married Hetsy Clark in 1809- 
They lived in Jk'lj)re, Warren antl other -places in \\ashingt(;n 
County, Ohio. He was drum majcjr of V^irginia for a time 
and used to ride from one muster to another for months together. 
He was a genial comi)anion and quite a musician for those 
times. His wife, who died in 1832, was a most excellent woman 
and of good family. 

They had ten children, of whom Angeline, the wife of Sam- 
uel ]\IcCourt, was the eldest. Si.x of them left no descendants. 
l':rastus wrts the father of Miss Martha llawling Haile), already 
well known as a talented elocutionist. 

Martin Bailey died in 1845, and he and his wife and 
son-in-law, Samuel McCourt, are buried in West Marietta. 
Sarah Howard Hailey, Martin's youngest sister, was born in b'.as- 
ton, Massachusetts, in 1790, came west in 1804, and in 1806 mar- 
ried 'I'imothy Cone, a native of ICast Haddam, Massachusetts, the 
son of Joseph Cone, a naval officer, and Martha Spencer, daugh- 
ter of Josei)h S])encer, a major general in the Revolutionary 
War, and Martha Hrainard, the sister of Havid and John 15rainard. 
1 hey began housekeeping in Ohio, opposite their N'iiginia home. 
After a year or two the)' moved to the "State Road," where they 
lived four or five years, when they moved to Harmar, In i82(j 
they bought a farm in Wanen, four miles below Marietta, which 
was thenceforth their home. Mrs. Cone died in Marietta in 
1870, surviving her iui.^ band four years. She was an earnest 


Christian woman of great strength of character, of untiring in- 
dustry and the most careful econoni)', whose home was her 
world. Their ten children all grew to manhood and woman- 

The sons were energetic business men. One of them accu- 
mulated a fortune on the Pacific coast. The daughters were 
women of fine mental and executive ability. One of them, Miss 
Mary Cone of Marietta, is a writer of skill, anil is the author of 
two valuable books, one on California and the (jther a historical 
work, both of which are deposited with the records of the liailey- 
Bayley Family Association. 

The l^aileys as I know them are people of firm convictions, 
unswerving patriotism, good executive ability and judgment, of 
deep affection and modest demeanor. They are keen observers 
of and lovers of nature, are kind to the jioor and "given t(; 

The relationship includes men and women of varied busi- 
ness proclivities, We find successful physicians, chemists, civil 
and mining engineers, farmers, teachers, ministers, artists antl 
authors. Politicians do not abound, although the Bailey men 
have decided political beliefs and stand by their colors, (jne oi 
them having walked a hundred miles to register his name and 
vote for tlfe presidential candidate of his choice, which called 
forth the remark of a State legislator, that if all voters were as 
patriotic as Mr. Bailey the country woidd be revt)lutionizetl. 

We no longer grind our corn in a hand mill, or study the 
three R's in log schoolhouses, or i)ack salt to the music of wolf 
concerts, but with filial love we honor our pioneer dead who 
patiently endured jirivation and danger tliat the enjoyments and 
lu.xunes of life might be ours, for the things that ha\e been, make 
us what we are. 

Lucv Dennison 1^aii.i:\'. 
Marietta, Ohio, August, 1897. 


Miss Lucy D. Ikiiley sent as a donation to the Association 
from the author, Miss Mary Cone of Marietta, Ohio, two vol- 
umes, one entitled, "Two Years in California," and the other, 
"Life of Rufus Putnam," together with a photograijh of Miss 

Miss Cone is the daughter of Sarah Howard Bailey Cone, 
and is a granddaughter of Seth ]5ailey, Sr., a descentlant of 
John Hailey of Scituate. 

On motion of Mr. \Vm. \V. Hailey of Nashua, it was voted 
that the thanks of the Association be sent by the Secretary to 
Mrs. I'^lizabetii S. Emerscjn liailey for her very e.\cellent poem, 
and to Miss Lucy I). J5ailey for her very valuable and interesting 

The next number on the program was a very interesting 
recitation by Miss Heulah K. IJailey, granddaughter of. George 
Edson Hailey of I\huisfield, and a descendant of Thomas Hailey 
of Wessagusset, afterwards Weymouth. 

Her selection was Part VH of Longfellow's poem entitled, 
"The Courtship of Miles Standish," in which he portrays the 
doings of the Captain at Wessagusset. 

Previous to the recitation, the President read a brief intro- 
tluction prepared by the Secretary, e.xplaming the historical con- 
nection of the facts set forth in the poem. 

24 KKroKT 01-- coM.Mi rTi:i:.s on 


Mrs. Milton P^llswoith, ot Rowley, a member ol the com- 
mittee appointed to work on the hLstory of the John Hailey of 
Salisbnry branch, amiounceil tliat she had pre[)ared a t)])e- 
written manuscript account of John liailey of Sali.-^bury and 
some of his descendants, which was in the custody of the Secre- 
tary of the Association. 

Mr. George 1'. Hailey of Mansfield, a member of the com- 
mittee appointed to work on the history of the John Hailey of 
Scituate branch, called attention to the tyi)e-written inanuscri[)t 
account of John Hailey (;f Scituate, and some of his desceiulants, 
which was compiled by him last year and which is now in the 
custody of the SecretLU'y. 

Hollis R. Ikiiley of Cambridge, a member ot the committee 
appointed to work on the history of the James Hailey of Kowley 
branch, first spoke of the great value of each of the t)pewritten 
volumes mentioned by the last speakers, and expressed the hope 
that they could both be printeil and offered for sale in the near 

He reported the acquisition of considerable new matter \)cr- 
taining to the James Hailey branch, and e.\|)ressed the hope that 
there could be a typewritten account of this [)art of the famil)' 
prepared before the next gathering. 



The Secretary annoiineed the death (luring the year of the 
following" members of the Association : — 

Oirin D. liailey of I akc[)ort, New Hampshire. 
Susan liailey. 

George Otis Shattuck of Boston died l''eb. 2j, 1897. 
He spoke as follows of ]\lr. Shattuck : — 

M1':M0H>^ Oh' (ihXJRCll': O. SHATTUCK. 

(ieorge O. .Shattuck of lioston was for one year a \'ice- 
President of this Association, but owing to ill health, wa.s not 
permitted to take an active part in its affairs. 

Mr. Shattuck was boin in Antlover, Massachusetts, May 2, 
1829, and died in Boston, Massschusetts, l'"cb. 23, 1S97. 

He was a descendant in the eighth generation from James 
Bailey, who came from luigiand to New iMigland about 1640 
and settled in Rowley, Massachusetts. 

His ancestors on his mother's side in each generation 
were : — 

1st. James liailey, b. about 1612. 


2d. John liailey, b. 1642, Rowley. 

Mary Mighill. 
3(1. James liailey, b. 1680, l^radtord. 

I lannah Wood. 
4th. .Samuel ]5ailey, b. 1705, Andover. 

Mary Roll. 
5th. .Samuel Bailey, Jr., b. 1728, y\ndover. 

Hannah Kilncd-e. 
6th. James J^ailey, b. 1757, Andover. 

Rucy Brown. 
7th. Hannah, Bailey, b. about 1796, Ando\'er. 

Joseph Shattuck. 
On March 11, at a meeting of the Mas.sachusetts Historical 

2b mi-:moik oi' gi':()kgI': o. shattuck. 

Society, Professor James H. Thayer lead a tribute to his wortli, 
which may be foiuul among the records of that society. 

On May 29, at a meeting of the Suffolk 15ar, resolutions 
were adopted and aildresses were made by distinguished mem- 
bers of the 15ar and by Mr. Justice Holmes of the Supreme 
Court, a full account of which may be found in the J^oston 
Evening Herald oi that date. 

George (). Shattuck at the time of his death was President 
of the Boston l^ar Association and was one of the leading 
lawyers in Massachusetts. His mother was a granddaughter of 
Samuel Bailey, Jr., who was killed in the battle of liunker 
Hill. She was a woman of strong character and from her he in- 
herited much of his mental power. Shortly after her death in 
1866, he said of her, "I am sure I never knew a woman who was 
so earnestly and wisely devoted to her chikn-en. She s[)ared 
nothing to educate us and she was worn out in self-sacrifice." 

Mr. Shattuck was educated at Phillips Andover Academy 
and at Harvard College, where he was graduated in 185 1. 

Professor Tha)er says of him : "All through his life he won 
what he got by the strong, direct, vigorous effortsof a man who 
felt himself competent for his task and who had thoroughly 
prepared himself for it" * * * ♦ "He was one of the best, 
kindest and most devoted friends, one of the most faithful and 
trustworthy legal advisers, one of the most competent, 
thoroughly-prepared advocates, one of the best citizens and one 
of the most faithful, strong and upright men I have ever 

iiii-: iJ.Mi. i:\-ii.\vi. i:v family association. 27 

Al)l)Ki:SS OF IIOLLIS R. 15AlLi:V. 

I am a member of this Association by reason of my descent 
from James liaile)' of Rowley. 

I have recently disct)vere(l that on my mother's side I am 
also a descendant of John liailey of Scituate. Those of us who 
are of the John of Scituate branch have come back today t(j 
the old homestead. Vou saw the spot suitably marked as you 
came here this morning;. 

A j>lan of the John l^ailey farm is shown upon the wall at 
the entrance of this cha|jel. Here John 15ailey settled in 1670, 
as a tenant of Capt. John Williams, lliat farm has descended 
from father to son from the first John of Scituate and is now 
occu[)ied by I\Ir. ICdwin Hailey, a descendant of the sixth 
generation. He is unable to be present, but his children and 
various members of his family are here and I hope that we may 
hear a word from some of them before the exercises are con- 

The first house lon^- since passed away. We have here a 
(:)icture of the second house that stood on the site of the old 
homestead. This also is a thin^ of the past, save that a few of 
its doors and timbers form a i)art of the present dwelling. 

We have also one othei" relic io remind us oi the hrst John 
of Scituate. I refer to his cane now mvned by Mr. (leorge iul- 
son Hailey of Manslield, which he showed ycni at (iroveland two 
years ago. lie has brought it again t(j-day and any who are in- 
terested may examine it after the e.xeicises are over. 

The usual contribution was taken up. 

The morning exercises closed with singing of a trio by Mr. 
and Mrs. l-lben H. Bailey and Prof. Carl Pfiueger. 

28 Al'Ti'KNOON SI':SSI()N. 


The members of the Asst)ci;itioM le-asscmbled at the Chaj^el 
at 2.45 V. M. 

There was excellent singin;^^ by Mrs. I'iben H. Jiiiley, tol- 
jovved by a very interesting recitation by Miss I'Mla A. l-'iske ot 
Clinton, Massachusetts. 

Her first selection was.Iuigene h'ield's poem entitled, "Ihe 
Night Wind" anil her second "Remembrance," by Thomas 

Both the singing and the recitations were very much 
enjoyed by all present. 

While waiting for some of the regular speakers to arrive, 
Deacon Thomas T. liailey told a story, after which he called 
attention to the fact that Scituate contains the old well made 
famous by the poem entitled, "The Old Oaken Bucket" an(i 
gave as a recitation a very clever parody on this poem. 

After another song by the quartet consisting of Mr. Henry 
T. llailey, Mr. bred T. Bailey and their two sisters, the com- 
mittee on nominations, made their report, and the following- 
persons were elected as officers of the Association for the 
coming year 

President, Eben H. Bailey. 

Vice-Presidents, William \V. l^ailcy, ' 
Dudley P. Bailey. 

Secretary, Hollis R. liailey. 

Treasurer, James R. Jiailey. 

Auditor, Charles W. Ikiiley. 
]<:xecutive Committee, J. Warren Bailey, J. Alfred liailey, Win. 

H. Reed, George lulson Bailey, William E. Robie, Dr- 

Stephen G. Bailey, lulwm A. Bayley. 

The exercises concluded with an address by Edwin A. Bay- 
ley, Esq., of Lexington, a Boson lawyer and a descendant of 
John Bailey of Salisbury. 



Mr. ricsident and Members of the Bailey-Hayley J*"amily 
Association: — It j^ivcs nie ^rcat pleasure to be able to meet u iih 
ymi today. Residin*^" as ! do so near to the places where tiie 
annual meetings ot the Association have been held 1 almost feel 
that some apology is liue fi"om me that this should be the hrst 
reimion I have attended. M)' excuse must be that the meetings 
have occurred when 1 have been absent for my summer vaca- 

I am verv much interested in the purposes of the Associa- 
tion, full)' belie\ing that it is well worth our while to .stud)- out 
as completely as jiossible ourlamily hislor)', and that in so doing 
we are simply dischaiging a sacred dut)' which we owe not onl)' 
to those who ha\e jireceded us, Init to those who are to 
come after us. 

As the members of so large and scattered a famil)-, 1 feel 
that we have cause to congiatulate ourselves that we can trace 
our ancestry in an unbroken line from the landing ot our pro- 
genitors upon this continent only a lew years subsequent to the 
arrival of the Pilgrims at I'lymouth. 

I. trust that our y\ssociatitHi in all that it undertakes in con- 
nection with the history of the various branches (;l the landK' 
will aim primarily at exactness, ami that nothing will be accepted 
t)r stated as a fact until it has been fully established as such by 
thorough investigation, for any course short of this will only 
result in indefinite and unsatisfactory information. 

Of John Jiayley of .Salisbury it seems to be satisfactorily 
established that he was a weaver by trade and resided at Chip- 
penham, Juigland; that he married l^li/.abeth Knight, daughter of 
William and Jane (Langburne) Knight of Juiibourne, iierkshire 
County, luigland ; that they had six children ; that he, with his 
oldest son, John, took passage for vVmerica on a slu'i) called the 
"Ciabriel ;" that dining the vc^yage on the i5tli day (jf .Augirst, 
1635, the ship encountered a terrihe storm, antl was wrecked off 


the coast of Maine near what is now the town of 15ristol. I'lscap- 
ing from the shipwreck, John and his son settled in Newbury, 
Massachusetts. In the settlement of Colchester (afterwards 
called Salisbury), he received the hrst grant of lots in the divis- 
ion of the land, and it is supposed that here he remained until 
his death, which is said to have occurred November 2, 1651. 

By his will, which was proved April 13, 1652, he ga\e his 
home in Salisbury to his son John during his life, and then to 
his grandson ; he also provided that "son John is to pay his 
mother six pounds, provided she came over, son Robert fifteen 
pounds and daughters ten pounds apiece, if the)' came over, and 
five pounds apiece if they do nol." 

Notwithstanding the premium he thus jjlaced ui)on their 
emigration, it is not certain that an)' of them ever came to 
America, although there is some evidence that his daughter 
Johanna came to New Englaml, either with him or soon after 
his arrival. 

As I desire to speak particularly of the settlement of one 
branch of the family in the Connecticut River Valley in the 
year 1764, at what is now Newbury, \ermont, I will oul)' take 
time to briefly trace the line of tlescent to that time : John, Jr., 
who came to New luigland with is father, John, .Sr., was born in 
1613. He lived in Newbury and Salisbury, and married I^^leanor 
Emery. They had nine children. Their son Isaac (3) was 
born July 22, 1654. lie married Sarah lunery Jan. 13, 16S3, 
and by her had five children. Their son Joshua (4) was born 
October 30, 1685, and marrietl Sarah Coffin in 1706 They had 
nine children. Their son Jacob (5) was born July 2, 1726, at 
Newbury, Massachusetts, and married I'ruilence Noyes, the 
daughter of l^phraim and Prudence (Stickney) Noyes, October 
16, 1745. They settled in Ilamstead, New Hampshire, which 
seems to have been his home for a number of years. The out- 
break of the okl l-'rench War in 1756 aroused his i)atiiotism 
and called forth his military genius, for both of which from that 
time on he was held in high esteem, luui)' in the war he raised 
a company, of which he was made captain, and with his compaii)-, 
was present when Fort William Ilenr)' was ca[)tured in August, 
1757. He had a narrow escape from the massacre which 


occuned there. For hi.s lu)n(Mable services in this campaign he 
received a commission as colonel from (ieneral Amherst, and 
later, in 1759, he took part with the latter in the captnie of J'^ort 
Ticondero^^a and Crown I'oint. 

As late as the close ol the war in 1760, there was no I'-ng- 
lish settlement in the Connecticut River N'alley north of 
Charlestown, New Hampshire. It was a region (jf which noth- 
ing was known except the little gleaned from the reports of 
guides, hunters and an occasional traveller. Ikit these accounts 
described the richness and beaut)' of the "Cohos Meadows" in 
such teims that some e.\])loring parties were sent out and plans 
formed for occupation and settlement and vvithm a year after 
the close of the war ColcMiel Jacob Jiiyle\' and Capt. John 
Hazen were promised charters of land in "Cohos" if tlie)' 
would go on and make settlements there. They agreed to work 
together and in 1761 Caj)!. llazen took possession of the east 
side of the Connecticut, which he named Haverhill, after the 
town of his residence in Massachusetts, and the following year 
possession was taken of the west side of the river for Colonel 
Bayley, although he himself was unable to settle there until 
1764. To this land grant he gave the name of Newbury, in 
honor of the town of his birth in Massachusetts. Settlers were 
not lacking when once the fertility and natural advantages ui 
the region became known and Newbury and Haverhill soon be- 
came the centre of thrifty and prosperous settlements. 

The charter, which Colonel Bayley obtained for the town of 
Newbury, bears the date of March 18, 1763, and is signed by 
Ik'uning VVentworth, royal governoi' of New Hampshire. At 
the beginning of the Revolutionary War, he was conniiissioned 
by the State of New York, l^rigadier General. He also received 
from General Washington the appointment of Commissary 
General of the Northern Department of the Colonial Army, a 
position involving great responsibility and subjecting him to 
serious dangers and difficulties. In all of these positions lie 
bore himself most honorably and leceivcd the cordial esteem 
and confidence of General Washington. 

By the State of New York he was appomted Ccjmmissiijucr 
and Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. 


On July 8, 1777, he was appointed a member of the Coun- 
cil of Safety. He served as Judj^e of Probate for the Newbury 
District and later was Chief Justice of the Orange County 
Court from 17S1 to 1791, excepting the two years, 17S3-4 He 
was a member of the council of the first Governor of tiie 
State of Vermont. 

The successful performance of the duties of such a variety 
of important positions clearly distinguish General Jacob liayley 
as a man of high character and marked ability. Plain and un- 
pretentious, of patriotism undoubted, a trusted friend not only 
of his pioneer neighbors, but of the head of the Nation, an im- 
partial judge, Jacob J^ayley was an honor to his town and his 
family. He died at the advanced age of 90 years, and his re- 
mains rest in the Ox liow Purying Ground in the town he- 
founded and loved so well. 

I trust, my friends, you will pardon me if I have exceeded 
my time, but knowing that the history of our famil\- in X'crmont 
has not been brought before the Association, I have ventured to 
present this outline, what is necessarily incomplete. It is my 
hope that some future gathering of this Association may be held 
at Newbury, Vermont, when we can have a nearer view and ob- 
tain a clearer understanding of the locality and events of which 
I have spoken. 

There are still very many of the family residing in that im- 
mediate vicinity, and I can assure to you all a most cordial wel- 
come to one of the mobt picturesque sections of New Mngland. 

I had intended to read from the "History of Cohos" some 
facts of interest relating to General Jacob Payley, but I fintl I 
have only time to acknowledge the thanks of our line ot the 
family to Mrs. Ellsworth of Rowley for the excellent work she 
has done in collecting material relating to John Bayley of Salis- 
burv and his descendants. 1-^inally, let us all interest ourselves 
in this common cause until we have brought our family history 
into such form that it shall be correct, complete and enduring. 




Ikisiness Meeting 

Rei)ort of Seeretary 

Report of Treasurer 

Reports of Committee on (jeneaology . 

By Hollis R. Bailey 

By Dr. Stei)hen G. Bailey 

By Mrs. Milton laisworlh 

By Mrs. l^dward M. 1 bailey 
Officers elected . . . . 




1 1 

Literary lixercises 

Address of Horace \V. Bailey 

Table — Webster l^ailey Descendants 

Notes and Queries 

Account of Naval Battle of Santiago 

By Henry 11 liaik-)' 
Original Poem, by Mrs. \i. S. I'.nn ison !5iiU\' 
Address of \Vm. \V. Jliiley 
Address of Hon. John Bailey 
Will of Richard Bailey of Rowley 
Inventory of Mstate of Richard Badey 



J I 




Account of the Sixth Annual Gathering 



Held at Tyngsboro, Mass., August H, J 898. 


The gathering was held at Willow Dale Grove on the shore 
of Tyngs Pond in Tyngsboro. The exercises were in the hall of 
the new pavilion on the grounds of the Messrs. Bowers. The 
view of the lake was most picturesque and the beauty of the sur- 
roundings added much to the enjoyment of the occasion. 

The committee of arrangement consisted of James R. 
liailey of Lawrence, and John Alfred Jiailey and Dr. Stephen G. 
Bailey of Lowell. 

The president of the association, ICben H. liailey of l^oston, 
acted as chairman. 

After a few well chosen wortls of welcome, the president, as 
the first business, called for the report of the secretary. 


As usual the secretary's report was printed in the report of 
the last annual gathering. That report is for sale, as you all 
know, and contains all the addresses and exercises of last year. 
We have also here the printed reports of the j)receding years, so 
that any one wishing It) know what the association staiuls lor 


and what has so Tar been done can get very correct and full in- 
formation by purchasing a set of these reports, or, if a single re- 
port of any particular year is desired that can be had by appl)-- 
ing to the secretary or treasurer. 

During the past )ear we have lost one of our members, a 
man who was advanced in years, lulwin Bailey of North 
Scituate. He was especially to be remembered as being a de- 
scendant in the direct line of John of Scituate and the owner of 
the old homestead at Scituate where John lived as early as 1670. 
The homestead is still in the family, being occupied by the chil- 
dren of Edwin Bailey and we hope that it nut)' long continue in 
the Bailey family. 

The secretary has one (jther matter to bring before you. It 
was suggested at the meeting of the geneial committee last win- 
ter that something ought to be done, by the association, of per- 
manent value, besides the printing of annual reports. The an- 
nual reports, we think, have a permanent value and we are en- 
couraged in that belief because there is a demand for them from all 
over the country — from St. Paul, Minn., from the Astor Library 
in New York, the New Hampshire State Library and from other 
places in different parts of the ci)untry. The association is now 
a well known organization ; the reports are sought for, and if 
something is printed in the way of genealogy there will be a de- 
mand for it throught)ut the country among the public libraries. 
71ie committees on genealogy have already gathered a c(jnsider- 
able amount of genealogical information. Some of it has been 
printed in the reports ; a good deal of it has not. Some of it has 
been typewritten but much of it still remains in manuscri[)t. We 
have prepared a printed jjrospectus showing what is intended. 
The book, I am sure, will have a great deal in it that is valuable. 
It will not be a comiilete account of any one of the branches — 
that would mean a book costing at least ;^4 or ;^5, and it would 
take eight or ten years to get it compiled and published. W^e 
now have several branches considerably worked out. I'^ach (jf 
you will be handed a copy of tlie circular and it will enable you 
to announce what we pro[)ose. A few years hence a new vcjI- 
ume can be printed when there is sufficient additional matter 
irathered touetherto make it worth while. 



The financial affairs of the association are in a good condi- 
tion. We are eatirely out of debt and there is a small balance 
in the treasury. We have tiiat balance because the manage- 
ment has worked on economical lines, as usual. We still keep 
the membership dues at the small sum (jf twenty-five cents. 

We depend in a large measure for funds upon the contri- 
butions of the friends of the association. There is brought 
forward from our last year's account 1^4.60, and we now have a 
balance in the treasury of $55.35. 

Your money is deposited, as usual, in the National Pacific 
Hank in Lawrence in the name of the association. 

The account has been examined and approved by tlie audi- 
tor. It shows total recei[)ts $149.10 and total disbursements 


On motion of William W. Bailey of Nashua, N. M., it 
was \Hjted that the treasurer's report with the accompanying 
auditor's report be accepted and placed on file. 

II. R. Bailey moved that a committee of three be ap- 
pointed to retire and nominate officers for the ensuing year. 
Motion seconded and carried. 

The president apjjointed John Alfred liailey of Lowell, 
Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of Rowley and Miss Ella A. Eiske of 

RP:1'()RTS of COMMlTTl'.h: ON Gl':Nb:ALOGY. 


The particular bianch of the Bailey family, which I am 
working on with the assistance of Mrs. Edward M. Bailey, is the 
line of James of Rowley. Mrs. Jul ward M. 1 bailey has done a 
good deal ; I have done but little. We have, during the year, 
gathered considerable new infcjiniation. I ha\'e had a x'cry in- 
teresting correspoiulence with a lady out in Grinnell, Iowa. It 
is surprising to see how the people in the West prize tiieir fam- 


ily associations and how glad they are to trace back their ances- 
try to the early settlers. They cannot come to the gatherings, 
but they are interested in what we are doing.' This lady sends 
me a very consklerable account of some of the descendants of 
Stephen Bailey, who went from 15radford, Mass. 

We have now over one hundred pages of manuscript. I 
shall not undertake to give it to you in detail, because it will all 
be printed in the volume of which I have spoken. This matter 
of names and dates is not interesting to listen to, but when 
each has it in the shape of a printed volume, convenient for 
reference, he is glad to study it and know that he has a line of 
ancestry, which he can refer to and can hand down to his 
children. He is glad to know something of the family and 
where each generation has lived. The James Bailey branch has 
never been printed. All that there is gathered together is in 
manuscript notes, except a very little that has been introduced 
into the reports. All that will be printed on that branch will 
be substantially new and will be of especial value on that 
account. I think that is all I need to say on account of James 
of Rowley. 



The branch, which claims my consideration, is the Richard 
Bailey branch. I am glad to hear the previous speaker refer to 
the interest which is shown in the West, for I find on looking 
over the old volume, the Poor compilation of the Richard 
Bailey branch, that there are a good many who have gone to the 
West and I hope we shall not lose all trace of them. It is of 
great interest to trace the ramifications and observe the number 
of the Richard Bailey descendants all up and down this Mer- 
rimac valley and also on both sides of the Connecticut in New 
Hampshire and Vermont. The number of people who live 
right around here in Dracut and Tyngsboro and Methuen, who 
trace their ancestry back into the Bailey family is very great. 
During the year I have had some correspondence relating to 
this matter and am gradually adding something to our store of 
information. This book of genealogy by Poor has been our 

Till-: 15A Il.l'.y liAVI.EY lAMK.V ASSOCIATION. Q 

text book up to this time, but it runs only to forty years ago 
and very much iuforniatiou is iRcHJctl to lound out tlie families 
which were <(iveu forty years ago in lliis boot;, j am al\va\s 
glad to receive any additional intoinialion fiom those who are 
in condition to render it. 1 have been oceuiMed most of the 
year in that si)are time vvhicli 1 can gi\'e in remodelling and ar- 
langing in more nu)dern lines the wirious names appearing in 
Poor's book so the)' can be more easily found and theii" relation- 
ship better undeistood. At the same tirm- I am desirous of 
making the list more couiplete and sli.dl be vwy glad to receive 
any additional inhirmation regarding any member of the 
Ivichaixl Bailey liraneh. 

.MRS. MI I. TON i:LLSW()Kill. 

I am myself a descendant of James of Rowley, but I am 
still at work on the genealog)' ol the John Ikuley of Salisbury 
family, or, as Alfred liaile)' ol Amesbuiy expresses it, i am 
still pegging away at the John Hailey family. Why I work on 
it would be hard to tell, not for money ecrtainly, perhaps from 
the love of it, since one does become inteiested in anything 
which is growing toward compl;.-tion I began work on this 
line of Bailey genealog)' in the hill of 1894, soon after the 
second gathering (jf the l)aile)'-Ha)'ley j^'amily Association 

ICvery afternoon that 1 could lea\e lnHiie 1 would take the 
horse and carriage and drive o\ ei to the town clei k's house in 
Newbury, Mass., and copy as much as I could from the reccjrds. 
As they were not indexed, and some of the books were in a 
dilapidated condition, (I think tlie)' have all been copied since) it 
was slow work looking tlown the long pages and picking out the 

On one of these days 1 met I.othro]) W'ithington at the 
town clerk's house, lie told me some things tliat proved a 
great heljj in arranging the commencement of the John Bailey 
family. Frank L. liailey of l^oston gave valuable informa^ 
tion in regard to a certain Joshua that 1 was tr)'ing to hnd a 
place for. 1 le also advised me that I had better stick to my 

10 KKrOKTS Ol'- COM.Mi ITKI-. ON G KM: A I.O( i V. 

own genealogy, but who ever knew of a Bailey that did not lii<e 
to do as she i)leased. 

William ij. Rccd of South Weymouth gave me c|uite an 
addition relating to the Rev. James Hailey family and 1 have 
to thank Mollis R. liailey, our hustling seeretary, that what 
I have gathered was put into shape and typewritten, li it 
finally gets into print I think I\Ir. liailey will be the eliiel 

Mr. Withington, of whom I have spoken, sent me the 
name of L^lizabeth Knight and her ancestry as probaljly tin- 
wife of John Hailey, Si'. I adopted it and thought best tn 
use it in the genealogy until it was proved either right or 
wrong. Within a short time I\Ii"s. Newcomb of New 1 laven, who 
has traced her lineage back to John iJailey of .Salisbury, has 
been corresponding with i\Jr. Withington, who is now in Lou 
lion, luigland. Mr. Withington is trying to learn something 
of ihe ancestry in luigland ol Richard Ixiiley oi Rowley and ol 
John Hailey of Salisbury. 

It is known that John Hailey came from Chippeidiam in 
Wiltshire, and Mr. Withington think>: that Rich:ird also ma)' 
ha\-e come from that county. 

The sources of inlormation are the early records of the 
Probate Court and especially the original wills. In baigland tin- 
government makes a charge of a shilling l(;r the pri\'ilege o! 
e.xaminin'g each will. Mr. Withington is willing to gi\e his own 
time, but cannot afford to do this and also [)ay the go\'erinueul 
fees. Mrs. Newcomb has sent him J55, and I shall be glad if 
the members of the association will contribute a further sum lor 
the same purpose. 



I am working nearly all my s[jaie time and am con.-^lanll)' 
discovering some new trails. 1 w;is \ery much inteiesled in li.^- 
information that Mr. P>ai]ey sent me thnt was furnished him 1)) 
the lady in Iowa. Tliat was a very interesting addition to iln- 
James of Rowley line. 1 ha\e done C|iiile a little work on 
another branch, the John Hailey line, but in my husband's liiv, 


James of Rowley, I have not accomplished as much as 1 
wished this year. 

The nominating committee now reported a list of names 
for the officers of the association for the ensuing year. ( )n 
motion, their report was adopted and the persons named were 
elected officers for the ensuing year. 

The officers elected were as follows : 
I'resident, William W. ]luley of Nashua, N. H. 
Vice Presidents, Dudley 1*. Hailcy of Everett, Mass., George 
. Edson l^ailey uf Mansfield, Mass., lulwin A. Bayley of 
Lexington, Mass., Horace W. liailey of Newbur)', \'t,, 
William II. Iveed of South Weymouth, Mass. 
Secretary, Mollis K. J^ailey of Cambridge, Mass. 
Treasurer, James R. liailey of Lawrence, I\hiss. 
Auditor, Jt)hn L. i^aile)' of Newton, Mass. 
L.xecutive committee, the above named officers, ex-officio, 
together with the following : I'^ben II. Hailey of Roston, 
Mass., John Alfred llailey of Lowell, Mass., Walter M 
Robie of Waltham, Mass , 1 larrison Railey of j-'ilch- 
burg, Mass., Menry T. Hailey of Scituate, Mass. 





Following is the address read by Horace W. iJailcy at the 
Bailey family reunion : 
Mr. President, Eadies and Gentlemen, Relatives: 

The fact that I am present at the sixth annual meeting of 
the Bailey-Bayley Family Association, to partiuoatc in its busi- 
ness and enjoy its social festivities is, I am sure, sunicient e\ i 
dence of the happiness this event affords me. ft is a pleasuic 
to belong to this association, and an honor to belong to an\' 
branch of the great Bailey-Bayley family. (Genealogy is fraught 
with hardships, it meets with cold indifference on every hand. 
The persistent genealogist is among his relatives usually c( 
sidcred a person a little past his us-jfulness, and perchance a lili 
deficient, or in some way disarranged in tiie upper story. 1 
a descendant of Richard Bailey in the eighth generation, 
great-grandfather \Veb.ster Jiailey, in the fifth generation .-etl 
in Newbury, Vt., and I am the only descendant ol liis v 
is or ever has been just unbalanced enough to undertake thee 
struction of a family tree. My generations aie : 

Richard, i. 

Joseph, 2. 

Joseph, Jr., j. 

Ezei<iel, 4. 

Webster, 5. 

Parker VV , 6. 

Willum U., 7. 

Horace W , »S. 




J)C)()ii(.l ihe hist iiciiin'il, iheicaic two i;<jucralion.s more in 
the W'eljstcr line — niakin:^^ .i total ol ten generations on this con- 
tinent, Webster standing niiclway. It is of Webster and his de- 
scendants that 1 bi in- )ou a sketch totlay. As I am probal)]y 
the only descendant ol \Vel)sler Ikiilev at this meeting our re- 
lationship must date back to a common ancestor prior to the fifth 
generation and tor metoinllict a long genealogical and l)io- 
graphical history ot our little !)ranch of" the gre;it Richard l)ailey 
tree, upon all the oilier bi inclu's, so tar removed, would tend to 
ihe conclusion tiiat the theory of an unbahmced mind is in living 
e\i(Ience. So I attempt to be brief. The first child of b^zekiel, 
4, who li\'ed to matnrit)' was Webster, 5, born at West 
N'cwbury, Mass,, /\ugust 23, 1747. Mary, daughter of Sergeant 
William, and l.ydia (Morso) Noyes, was born July 22, 1753. Web- 
ster cUitl Mary were married August 25, 1772, and lived in West 
N'ewbm)', Mass. A carelul examination of the land records oi 
.Mewbur), Vt., (my native town ami piesent home) gi\'es the date 
of Webster llailey's liist pui'chase of land December 20, 178S. I 
know of no better method of establishing Webster iJailey's immi- 
gration than this d^ite of laud jjurchase ; it must be apprcj.ximately 
correct. Webster Ikiiie)' must have been a man of comfortable 
ciicumstances for tho^e early days, for he immediately erected a 
tannery, and established tl;e wholesale boot and shoe business. 
Xewbur)-, \'t., was settled in 1762 '65, and was the hist settled 
town in the Connecticut wdley north (jf Charlestown, i\. II., 
seventy miles distant. As this boot, shoe and leather industry 
was the first established ;n this section of Vermont, it can be 
readil)' understood Web.-iter Bailey's business was large and 
thrifty. I have hearil my grandfather say that for several )ears 
from twenty-li\e to thirty apj^rentices and journeymen were em- 
ployeil About the)ea!- 1817 Webster gave the business o\'er 
to his sons and with hi.'^ wife and son William, 6, iiio\ed to New- 
bury X'illage, a mile and a half north, to the " Lo\ewell Tavern " 
(now the Sawyer 1 lou.-^e) which the)' had purchased. Mere they 
!i\ed in [jcace and.conteritii:ent until the year 1830 when Web- 
ster died I'~ebruaiy 7, Mary, his wife, soon follow irig, departing 
this lile September 30 .Soon after the death of his i)arents, 
William soKl the "I, o\e\veir pro[;eiiy (1833 ) to the trustees of 


the Methodist Conference Seminary, which was a leachnj; institu- 
tion of learning in norlliern New l^^nghmd from 1S34 t<^ 18G8. 
The last vestige of the buildings tlrst owned and occupietl by 
Webster as home and factory have been recently rem(n'ed, and 
on the site stands a new and commodious set of farm bui]din<'S 
owned and occupied by James A. Johnson, a thrifty farmer. 

Hoping your patience will not be exhausted I desire to pre- 
sent you, in the briefest possible manner, a sketch of Webster 
Bailey's eleven children. 

ist — Lydia, 6, married Jessie White, December 4, 1800, and 
moved to Topsham, \'t., a town joining Newbury on the west, 
where they lived, died and were buried. She had 5 children, 15 
grandchildren, 41 great-grandchildren and 6 great-great-grand- 
children, 67 in all ; 15 of them dead, 42 living. Many of the liv- 
ing now reside in Topsham and vicinity; others are also living in 
California, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, New Hampshire and 
Great Britain. 

2nd— William, 6, never married, was the business center of 
the Webster Bailey family. After selling the ''Lovewell" jjrop- 
erty above referred to, he returned to the original home jdace 
where he kept house with his maiden sisters for a number of 
years and died at a good old age, living at the time of his death 
with his brother, Parker W., 6. 

3rd— Ezekiel W., 6, married September 8, 1803, Lucy, a 
daughter of Kphraim and a graiuldaughter of General Jacob Bay- 
ley, l^hey died without issue and are both burieil in Newbur)', 
Vt. Lucy Bailey was born June 16, 1782; died March i, 1870 

4th — Sally, 6, married Whiteheld liailey August 30, 1799 
Whitefield Bailey was a farmer, settled in Ifardwick, Vt., (about 
fifty miles distant) where they lived many years, died and arc 
buried. Whitefield Ikiiley was born in Pjrookfield, Mass., Decem- 
ber 8, 1775; died March 8, 1847. Our Richard had a broiju-i 
James; from this James comes U'hitefield. The gencratitms ,uc: 

James, i. Steijhen, 4. 

John, 2.^ Charles, 5. 

James, 3. Whitefield, 6. 

Till'. i;aii i':v-l;AVLE^' family association. 15 

Therefore, back seven <:;enerations, Lytlia and Whitefiekl 
must lia\e had ])recisel\' tlie same ancestors, male and female. 
'J'his causes a double jjortion of "simoii pure" JJailey blood to 
llow in the veins of every descendant of Sally and they are the 
most prolific branch in Webster's tree. So we assi!j,n all the 
Sall)'s to seats in tlic band \vag(jn and place them at the head of 
the Webster grand procession. Sally and Wiutefiekl had nine 
children, 18 gTandchildren, 31 great-grandchildren, ij great- 
great-grandchildren ; 46 li\ing", 25 dead, 71 in all. They are 
widely scattered ; some cling to the \icinity ol the old home ; 
others are living in Alaine, California, Illinoi.-,, Wisconsin, Utah, 
Iowa, Missouri, Washington and ]£ngiand. 

5th — Mary, 6, married Samuel llibbard, T^ebruary 28, 1804 
They settled in 1 laverhill, N. II., just acrtjss the Ccmnecticut 
River from Newbury, \'t., wliere they (.lied and are buried. Mr. 
llibbard was born October _'8, 1778 ; died June lo, 1852. lie 
was a farmer. They had seven children (five living to maturity), 
12 grandchildren, 9 great-grandchildren, 3 great-great-grand- 
children ; 17 dead, 14 living, 31 in all. Tliey are living in 
New Hampshire, W'rmont, Iowa, Kansas ; and one ilescendant 
in Massachusetts being the only one of Webster's jjosterity, so 
far as I can learn, living in Massachusetts. 

6th — Betsey, 6, married I\e\'. b)hn Dutton of Hartford, Vt. 
Mr. Dutton was a Congregatio.ial minister; preached in various 
places up and down the Connecticut valley at no time more than 
fifty miles distant from Newlnuy, \'t. 1 le was born in I lartfoul, 
Vt.-, November 29, 1776 ; died in 1 la\erhill, N. 11., May 18, 184S, 
where lietsey also tlied and whei"e b(Jth .are buried. All red 
I'oor in his research sa)'s: "They hcul, besides five or si.\ chil 
dren that died young, one daughter, Dorcas." I have no recoid 
of the children that died young and shall base this sketch on 
Dorcas, 7. I5etsey, 6, and John Dutton had i child, 6 graiul- 
children, 8 great-grandchildren ; 10 living, 5 dead, total 15. All, 
or nearly all, this family livetl in South Royalton, \t , t^r vicinity. 

7th — Tempy (or Temperance) o, ilied, aged 8 months and 
26 days, and was the (jidy vwc ol the eleven children who did 
not Hvc to maturit)'. 


8th — Tempy, 6, iiiinKinicd. I Icr lumie was with Williani, 
Hannah ami I'hcbo. 

9th — Parker \V., o, married (1817) KHza Ward, a daughter 
of Captain Uriah Ward of Ilaveriiill, X. li., and went to Hve at 
tlie Webster liailey homestead the same year. They lived tor a 
short lime in Orford and Wentwurth, N. II., antl in Stansteat!, 
Canada. The major part of I'arker's life was spent in Newbur)', 
Vt., at or near the okl homestead, lie died in 1881, being the 
last surxivor of the elexen children, having liveel in marriage 
sixty-four years. Eliza Wanl was born May 14, 1800, and died 
October i, 18S3. Hoth are buried in Newbur)', Vt. They had 
3 children, 5 grandchildren, 8 great-grandchildren; 12 living, 4 
dead, 16 in all. The home of the Parker Pailey branch has 
always been near or undei" the ancestral roof. 

lOth — Hannah, 6, nex'er married. lM)rn, lived, died and 
buried in Newbury. 

Iith — Phebc, 6, never married. Horn, lived, died and 
buried in Newbury. 

Webster Bailey and his wife and seven of their eleven chil- 
dren repose in the Newbury village burying ground. I ha\'e 
prepared a genealogical tattle, which I ho[)e may be published 
with this sketch, which will give you every genealogical fact up 
to January i, 189S In gathering this data I have accumulated 
material enough for a fair sized volume. If this society sur- 
vives this paper I may be coaxed into presenting an historical 
and biographical sketch at some future meeting. As much as I 
should like to tell )'ou of our individual peculiarities antl achieve- 
ments, I have refrained, and never once dismounted from my 
genealogical hobb)' horse. I -.vill be content for the present il 
)'ou will permit me to sa}' that the Webster Bailey race have 
stood fairly well, and so far as I am able to learn no member of 
this family has ever been in prison. I'^our of Webster's 25 
grandchildren are now living. 

1st — Mzekiel White, son of L)dia, 6, born October i, 1808. 
He married Laura iJustin, l'V'l)ruary 14, 1832. They are both 
living in Topsham, Vt. 1 liink of il ! Ninety years on earth, 
sixty-six years married ! 

2nd — William Bailey Hibbard, 7, son of Mary, 6, born 
March 28, 1820, now living in Clinton, Iowa. 


3d — William Uriah l^iilcy, 7, (my father) horn September 
25, 1820, now living on tlic tarm next north of the okl home- 

4th— Mary Hibbard Bailey, 7, widow of Langdon Bailey, 
burn March 22, 1829, now living at VVoodsville, N. H. 

The Liveiage age of the 10 children who grew to maturity was 
y^ years, i month, i5da)'s The genealogical table above referred 
to demonstrates this and many other interesting facts. Were 
my great-grandfather, Webster l^ailey alive, he woidd be a patri- 
arch of 151 years. If l;is family were all alive and he should 
make an old time New I'2ngland Thanksgix'ing he would have to 
hi)' 211 plates for 11 children, 25 grandchildren, 56 great-grand- 
children, 97 great-great-grandchildren and 22 great-great-great- 
grandchildren ; and only five of his eleven children had issue. 
Should my venerable great-grandfather come back to mourn for 
the departed ones, he would have to visit 76 gra\'es, for he has 
buried 11 children, 21 grandchildren, 25 great-grandchildren, 18 
great-great-grandchildren, and one great-great-great-grandchild. 
'Ihe leaves on our branch of the Richard Ikiiley tree in their 
respective generations from Richard would niunber: 6th genera- 
tion, II ; 7th generation, 25 ; 8th generation, 56; 9tii generation, 
97 ; 10th generation, 22. There are now living, men, women 
and children, only ten persons bearing the Hailey name directly 
from Webster. They nre Parker's family. In Sally's famil)' there 
are only five persons beaiing the Jxiiley name, which is taken 
from Whitefield Bailey, to which can be adtled two others by 
marriage, so that in our entire branch there are only 17 Baileys. 

To Miss Sarah F. Bailey of rirmnell, Iowa, granddaughter 
of Sally, and to Miss Lydia K. White of Topsham, Vt., a grand- 
daughter of Lydia, I am very much indebted for assistance, 
without which this work would ha\'e been well nigh impossible. 

May I digress a moment from our branch of the Richard 
tree, and give all the Bailey-l^ayley trees a shaking, hoping to 
gather crossbred fruit. 

lias any one discovered any relationship between Richard 
of Rowley and John of Salisbury ? Until quite recently the 
two families in Vermont never have embraced as cousins. 
Tracing the Johns to Vermon* I hnd these generations : 

16 ADDRESS OF llOKACK \V. liAlLllY. 

Jolin, I. 

John, Jr., 2. 

Isaac, 3. 

Joshua, 4. 

Jacob, 5. 

You will observe tliat General Jacob, the first representative 
of John in Vermont, stands in the same generation as Webster, 
who was the first Vermont reprcsentaiive of Richaid. The 
wife of Webster was Mary Noyes. The wife of General Jacob 
was Prudence Noyes. Rev. James Noyes and Nicholas, hi^, 
brother, came from Wiltshire, luigland, to America, in i6y). 
Their generations were : 

1. Rev. James Noyes married Sara Hrown. 

2. William Noyes married Sara Cogswell. 

3. John Noyes married Tabitha Dole. 

4. William Noyes married I.ydia Morse. 

5. Mary Noyes married WV'bster Bailey. 

1. Nicholas Noyes married Mary Cutting. 

2. James Noyes married Hannah Knight. 

3. I"4)hraim Noyes married l^rudence Stickney. 

4. Prudence Noyes married Gen. Jacob Ikiiley. 

I am indebted to V. P. Wells, our town histoiian, for this 
genealogical item. In 1897, ]\Ir. Wells prepared an historical, 
biographical and genealogical i)aper, conimemorating the 50th 
wedding anniversary of Hon. John liailey and wife, he being a 
descendant of John of Salisbur)-. The paper of Mr. Wells is 
so full of Bayley information that it ought to be published in 
the annals of this society. From that paper I glean the follow- 
ing : "The wife of Gen. Jacob Payley was Prudence, a daughter 
of Kphraim Noyes, and her grandmother was a daughter ol 
Deacon Joseph Bailey of Bradford, Mass." As Deacon Joseph 
was the only son of Richard, the descendants of Gen. Jacob 
Bayley must be the descendants of Richard. I am aware tiiis 
does not make John and Richard I'elatives ; it does, however, 
unite their descendants and our hertofore claim of non-rela- 
tionship can no longer be made. 1 hope to see more V^ermonl 
Baileys members of this association. 1 wish to em})hasize the 
cordial in\'itation extended to this society at your last annual 

Till' ^,AlL^:^■-l; \\[.i:\ iwmii.v association'. 


gatherings !)>' Julwin A. li.iylcy, l-:sq., of i^oston, to come to 
Newbury for ;i meetiiij; ;il some future tiale. 1 assure you the 
little handful of l^icjianls wnultl join the hosts of Johns in giv- 
ing you a right royal old tune W-rniont welcome. Praying for 
many returns of this liapjjy occasion 1 wish ytiu all a ("uiclspeed. 

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I desire intormatiDii on the following" |)oiiit.s : 

Has I Richnrd, 2 Jose[)h, 3 Joseph, ji., 4 I^zekiel or 5 
Webster any war or military reci)n-l ? 

In the Noyes g"enealoL;y given above can any one give \v,ii- 
record, 5 Mary, or Molly, 4 William, 3 J(jhn, 2 William, i James ^ 

4 Ezekiel besides 5 Webster had a son, 5 John, whw 
married Mrs. Sarah Hale; als(j a son 5 Jacob, who married 
Betsey Woodman ; also a daughter 5 Martha, who married 
John Whittier ; also a daughter 5 Sai"ah, who married Moses 
Clement. Will any of their descendants communicate with 
me, giving their line back to l'>.ekiel. 

Tradition says 5 Webster Hailey anil Daniel Webster's fallu r 
were cousins ; can any one |)ro\'e it .'' 


Ne\\inn\', \'ei nvont. 

Account of the Naval Battle of Santiago, 
July 3, 1808. 


One of the crew of tlie Brooklyn. 
W'riilen at the reciuest of the Secretary of the Associrition. 

This account was read by Jamics K. Bailkv of Lawrence, Mass., 
father of the writer. 

GuANTANAMo ]i.\\', July 24, 1898. 
Di:ai< I'Ai'iii'.K : 

I received ycnir vcvy kind letter, dated the 8th, and delayed 
writuif^ a.s i was hiisy. 1 ain giad that all are well and hope 
later to .see all 

111 response to your cousin's request and also with a desire 
to do what little 1 can to interest all oi' the good people at the 
reunion, 1 will try to i;i\'e an uiie.xa^gerated account of our 
tloiiii;"s. V\'e lett liainpton Roads 111 May. We ran down the 
coast and stopiied at Key West and were ready to leave at the 
time the cruiser New York arrived from ScUi Juan which she 
had bombarded a few da)'s previous. We headed for the west- 
ern eiul of the island of C'uba so as to come around to the 
southern coast ol the island and intercei^t Cervera's Heet. We 
had, in addition to tlse ilrooklyn, the battleships Massachusetts 
and Texas and the auxiliary cruiser Vixen. The Iowa over- 
took us two days allei we reached Cientuegos. We thouj^ht 
that the Heet was in the harbor, or m other words, Commodore 
Schley thoUL^ht so. We remained at Cieiifuegx)s nearly a week, 
inakiii<( investii^atioiis, biiL lai fiiidinL;" that Cervera and his ileet 
were not there we ran lo Saiitiai;o. Cer\'e-ra s (leet could be 
seen in the haiboi b)- ine.uis ol i powerftil glass from the mast 


head. Soon Rear iXtlniiral Sain|)S()ii arrived, coniiii<; down tlie 
coast from the eastward. We all bombarded the fort.s, Alorro 
Castle and the batterie.s .several limes am! tlieii the city, which 
is five miles frohi the enlranca One of the shells from cjne (;f 
our ships struck a church in the cil)' and exiiloded a lai"<^^e lot of 
ammunition which they had storetl in it. That was a sanijjle of 
Spanish superstition. They thuu<;ht that the cliurch was safe 
and it undoubtedly was for. some purposes, but not to store 
powder in. 

I stood on deck during all of the bombardments and 
watched the results of .American marksmanship. There was a 
battery of some 6-iuch guns on the hills to ilie west ot the 
harbor. There were sonie Ixitteries lieside ihe lii;hthouse on the 
hill, east of the harbor. Morro Castle is built on the top of a 
big cliff, which forms one of the walls at the entrance on the 
east side. Key Smith is a fort on an islanil inside of the harl)or 
and they could hre out cT the entrance from the fort. They 
also used mortars which tlid not do any damage, it is n(;t 
pleasant to hear the shells vvhistling over the ship. .Sex'cral did 
and some dropped very close during the bombardments. We 
were at quarters Sunday morning, July 3. It being the first Sun- 
day in the month, we would have marched io the cjuarter tleck, 
as it is customary to hold general muster the first Sunday in the 
month. If we had been on the cpiarter deck it would have 
taken a little longer t(j get to our stations. But the .Sj)anish 
fleet were seen coming out just as we formed on the gun deck 
at 9.30. General quarters was sounded by the bugle and drum 
and by the time we readied our stations it was time for busi- 
ness. I was sent to the tjuarter deck, as the hring bi'gan, b) an 
officer, to put on some water tight plates, and saw the Te.xas sink 
a topedo boat off our bow. It was a hot time from that on until 
we sent a boat out to the Cristobal Ccjlon, the last of the four 
of Spain's best. 

One man, J^llis, was killed while at his work taking the 
range, and James Burns, known among us as Scotly Burns, was 
injured by a shell that came tludugh the hammock netting. A 
si.\-inch shell came through the second comiiartment forward 
of where I stood with my haml on the main sto}) valve of port 


engines, and hit the deck and another valve wheel that was in 
line with mine and smashed that and ripped up the deck, went 
through the smoke stack and through several bags that the men 
keep their clothes in and through a mess locker, knocl<ing disiies 
and bowls around in contusion, but stopped on the p(;rt side, 
where it struck. There were several men in this comi)artmcnt, 
but it did not injure any one. It was the worst one that hit, 
because it was meant for the water line and it struck fair. Most 
of the others hit the smoke stacks and ventilators, boat crane, 

I will copy the words of a Spanish captain and so give 
another opinion of it. Through Lieutenant of Marines Thomas 
liorden, who conversed in French, an interview was obtainetl 
for the Associated Press at Charleston, S. C, with Captain 
luilate of the Spanish Cruiser Vizcaya. He said: 

" The entire squadron of Cervera was ordered to devote 
the fire of its guns to the cruiser Brooklyn, because it was be- 
lieved that she was the only shi[) in the American squadron 
that could overtake us. When we got out of the harbor my 
ship was second in line. I saw immediately that the Hagshijj 
Maria Teresa was getting a terrible baptism of fire. It was 
frightful. The Texas and Brooklyn were just riddling her, and 
in fifteen minutes I saw she was on fire. The Oregon and Iowa 
were firing on the Oquendo, and as yet 1 had not been badly hit. 
The Brooklyn was half a mile closer to us than any other ship 
and I determined to ram her so that the Colon and (Apiendii 
could get away, and I started for her. .She was a good mark 
with her big broadside, and as 1 started I thought surely I would 
get her. She had evidently seen us, and very quickh' she 
turned about and making a short circle came at our port side, s(j 
that I thought that she would ram us. I moved in toward shore 
so that I could avoid her, and then I saw that the Oquendo had 
gone ashore also. J ler steam pi|X's evidently had been severed 
by a shell. The maneuvers of the Brooklyn were beautiful. 
W'e opened a ra|)id lire at her with all our big gLuis, but she re- 
turned it with terrible effect. The Oregon also hit us sevei'al 
times, but the Bnxjklyn's broadside crashing through our su[jer- 
structures simi)iy terrorized the men. We worketl all of our guns 


at her one time, and I do not see how she escaped. She simply 
drove us on shore, at one time fighting us at i,icx) yards." (Jiy 
our navigator's reckoning it was 700 yards. — Hailey.) "One shell 
went along the* entire gun deck, killing halt of the men and 
wounding the rest. It was then, knowing that we could 
not get away, we lowered our colors and made for the beach. 
The Brooklyn prevented me from getting away. We had a 
two miles lead of the Oregon. I did nut think that the battery 
could be so terrible." 

At 2 o'clock the Sj^anish admiral surrendered to Commodore 
Schley and the long chase was over. A chase of sixty miles, 
with three boilers lighted, we made a fraction over sixteen knots. 
I wish to send my best respects to the large family of 
Baileys, and am prouil to say that they have been lepresented 
m a number of battles from the beginning of the country's his- 
tory to the present date. I am, 

Your obedient servant, 





Song of Greeting from the Banks of ^*La Belle Riviere.' 

Good cheer to our kindred, the Baileys, 

However the name may be spelled ; 
May the time and the place be auspicious, 
Where the family meeting is held. 

Right glad would we be to be with you, 
And sorry to let the chance slip, 

But the August time seems unpropitious 
To start on a thousand-mile trip. 

Besides, we are just now enlisted 

In a work I will speak of in brief. 

Making robes for the sick and the wounded, 
To send by the good ship, " Relief." 

We should make but a feeble enlistment 
To ever be called to tlie front ; 

But we're sending good cheer to our brothers 
Who so nol)ly are taking the brunt. 

'Tis the worthiest scheme of the ages. 
The business we now have in hand, 

To rescue an ill fated brother 

From the grasp of a murderous band ; 

To lift up a down trodden people 

And help them to justice and right; 

To cripple the arm of a despot 

And put a quick end to the fight. 

Columbia is making a record 

That will stand through the ages of time; 
She is giving the nations a lesson 

That will be botii unique and sublime. 



It IS neither lor conciuest nor glory 
She has taken a part in tliis fray ; 

The (jod of humanity calls her 

And she must the summons obey. 

The Ruler of Nations is guiding 

Her patient, oliedient hand 
Through labyrinths, dark and perplexing, 

Which now we may not understand. 

lUit llie call of the old Hebrew prophet 

To the "land of the shadowing wings," 

And her " swift ships" called into quick service, 
-May have something to do with these things 

'Tis a part of the plan ol the ages, 

The work we are set for today, 
Let the nations stand off and be silent, 

'I'hey will soon have llieir own part to ['lay. 

Oh, Thou! the great Ruler oi Nations, 
Whose purpose lies not in our ken, 

15e near to our sick and our wounded ; 
Lie near to all suffering men. 

(live us wisdom to work out the problems 
This conflict has laid at our door; 

(]ive grace to still carry the burdens 

That remain when the conflict is o'er. 

However the war is extended, 

May it end in a permanent peace, 

Bringing comfort and joy to the nations ; 
To the bond and imprisoned — release. 

'Mid the shaking of thrones and of kingdoms 
Thou will set up a standard of truth ; 

All men will behold and accept it ; 
Life will take on perennial youth. 

This prospect is what Thou hast promised 
Will come " at the end of the age.'' 

May the incoming century open 

The best chapter on history's page. 

August 1 1, iSyhl. 




Mr. Bailey gave an interesting account of some of the 
more important events forming a part of the history of Tyngs- 
boro. He spoke also of the scenery and natural surroundings 
in the Merrimac valley at the time when the early colonists 
planted their settlements, first near the mouth of the river antl 
then by successive steps further up into what is now New 
Hampshire and Vermont. 

Mr. Bailey pointed out that in this colonizing in the Merri- 
mac valley the Baileys were always among the foremost, 
especially the descendants of John of Salisbury and Richard 
and James of Rowley. 

As Mr. Bailey's address was of a general nature and ditl 
not especially relate to the history of the Baileys a full account 
(if the same is not here printed. 



Mr. President and Friends : 

This is my first appearance with you, and it is a pleasure to 
see so many descendants of the Bailey family. I hope to 
be with you again. I should have been glad, if I had thought 
of it in time, to give you an historical sketch of the Col. Joshua 
Bailey family, a son of Gen. Jacob Bailey. I am a grandson (jf 
Col. Joshua Bailey of Vermont, l^ut I have not thought the 
subject over recently and therefore cannot undertake the task 
on this occasion. 

A vote of thanks was extended to the Messrs. Bowers for 
their kindness in permitting liie free use of their grounds and 


Besides the literary exercises there was singing by Miss 
Mary Bell Sophronia Bailey of Lancaster, Mass., and a recita- 
tion, with musical accompaniment, entitled "Doris Spinning," 
by Miss Ella M. Fiske of Clinton, Mass. 

After the usual collection had been taken up the exercises 
closed with the singing of "America" by all present. 

An excellent dinner was served by the Messrs. Bowers for 
all who had omitted to bring basket lunches. 

The afternoon was occupied in genealogical iiupiiry and 
social conversation. The association was unfortunate in having 
a rainy day for its gathering, but all who came expressed them- 
selves as well repaid for their trouble. 


Will of Richard Bailey of Rowley. 

Rowley 15 of the last [month?] 1647. 

I Richard Baly sick in body but of perfect memory praysed 
be God doe ordeine and make this my last will and Testament. 

First I comende my soide into the hands of God in faith of 
a joyfull resurrection throw our Lord Jesus Christ. And as 
concerning my outward estate ffirst my minde and || will is that 
all my || lawful debts be j)aid and discharged. 

Ite. my will is that fforty and tow pounds I give unto my 
sson Joseph Baly but in case my wife should be with Child then 
my will is that the said sum of tow and forty pounds be clevided, 
and one third part thereof my other child shall have it. 

Item, my will is that my Child shall have a fether bedd in 
part of the saide portion ; also one Great Bible and Practicall 

Ite. my will and minde is that if my wife l^dna Baly marry 
againe and her husbande prove unloving to the Child or Chil- 
dren or wastefull, then I give power to my Ikother James Baly 
and Micael llobkinson with my wife hir consent to take the 
Child with his portion from him and so to dispose of it for the 
Best behoof of the children with my wifes consent. 

Ite. I give my house and lott unto my sson Joseph Baly 
after my wife hir dissease. 

Ite. I give to my Son tow stuffe sutes of Cloaths and my 
best Coate, and a Cloath sute and my best hatt, and I give to 
my Brother James J5aly a great Coate one paire of buck lether 
Breeches and a paire of Bootes. One little liooke I give to my 
nephew John lialy. I give unto Thomas Palmer one Gray hatt 
one Cloath dublit and an old Jackit and a paire of Gray 

Ite. I make my wife Edna lialy executrix of this my last 
will and Testament. 

Memorandad and I give eleven shillings 
whii li is owing to me from Mr. Rogers Ij3swich 
and Mr. Johnson unto the poore of the Towne. 

Rich, baly 


In the psence of us 
Humfrey Reyner 
Willem Ca\-is., 

ped by one wittnesa the 2S (i) 1648 
namely Humphr)' Reynor 
the next day by the oath of Jaraes Bayley 
in court 

p me Robt Lord clarke 

Note. The above will is from ihe records in the omce of the Clerk of 
Courts at Salem. Massachusetts. 

Inventory of Estate of Richard Bailey. 

A true Inventory of the Goods & Chatties of Richard Baley 
of Rowley late deceased according as they were prized by indiJier- 
ent men, 6th mon : 23 : 164S. whose names are under written. 

mp. m monyes 

te. one Box and some small thin^js in it 

te. two stune Suites of Cioathes. 

te. one ^iray hatt 

te. one Cloath Suite. 

te. one peece of fustian, 

te. one Cloath Coate 

te. two Childes mande^ 

te. ticking^ for two boulslers. 

le one paire of Brasse Scales and weights 

te two Coverletts & two Ruggs, 

te fine Blanketts. 

te fine Pillowes, 

te one feather bed tick, 

te one Brasse Pott & a Still 

te a Parcell of old Cioathes, 

te a Bag^g wL some Cotton wooie 

te a Bagg wt Inke Stuttc 

te foure Cushings Ji: a leather girdle 

te an old Coaie 

































































Ite two Basketts wth. six pounds of Cotton yarne, 
Ite in little stone potts, 
Ite two Bed Coards 
Ite one Barrell 

Ite one trough wl. Leather Satciiels l\: baggs 
I te one sword 

Ite one niuskett wt. bandiliers 
Ite one Brasse niorter >X; Pestiil 
Ite one Lanterne 
Ite in Brasse 
Ite one Iron Pott, 
Ite one tfouleing peece 
Ite in Puter 
Ite one Case of Bottles 
Ite a Parcel) of Bookes, 
Ite two Chests 
Ite tine Cushings, 
Ite in Iron tooles, 
Ite in milke vessell 
Ite a paire of Bellowes 
Ite a Stoole a Box and a Dreaping Pan 
Ite. one dwelling house, 
I te one Barne. 

Ite broken up land meadowes and Comons 
Ite in Corne and hay, 
Ite in Cattle 
Ite in Swine 
Ite in Liflen, 
Ite three Tenises, 

Ite one feather bed wt boulsters tV other bedding, 
Ite a Churne and Iron Pott wt. sonic Puter with 
two wheeles 


















































1 1 












































Sum.i loO oS 10 

Joseph Jewitt tot 

Maxcmilliann Jawitt 
Matiiew Boyes 

The court alowes this Inventorye 27th (7) 1648 

\) ine Robert lord t iai ke 

■Siiloui Cuui't l''iU's, liook 1, loiif '.is. 

Prospectus* Bailey Genealo<5y* 

The committees on genealogy of the Bailey-Bayley Family 
Association have gathered a considerable amount ot information 
concerning James Bailey of Rowley, John liailey of Salisbury, 
and Thomas Ikiley of Weymouth and the descendants of each. 
A portion of this matter has been typewritten. It is proposed 
now that the secretary of the association acting in conjunction 
with the committee on genealogy (if sufficient interest is shown) 
edit and print during the coming year this genealogical informa- 
tion with such additional matter as can be gathered while the 
work is in progress. The book will consist of three parts, one 
for each branch. There will be a full index. The book will be 
entitled : " Bailey Genealogy, James, John and Thomas and 
their Descendants." It is estimated that the cost of printing 
and binding will be such that single copies can be furnished to 
advance subscribers at ^2.00 per volume delivered. After pub- 
lication the retail price will be $2.50. The number printed will 
be limited, and only those who subscribe in advance can be sure 
of obtaining copies 

Reports of Annual Gatherings. 

These reports, five in number, for the years 1894 to 1898 
inclusive, contain much valuable matter. The price of the 1894 
report is twenty-five cents, of the others, fifty cents each. 

Subscriptions and orders for reports may be sent to the 
secretary of the association, 


53 State Street, Boston, Mass. 



The Sevenrh Annucil GnUx^riixi 


Bail?y=BayIey Family Rssociation 


Willow Dale Grove, Tyncishoro, 
AiicjiLsr 10, 1 09^). 

('iti^cii I'lx;-;-, (iiliuuii Sijuari;, duunTvillf, MaijS, 
April, IWiit, 


Business Mecliii^ 

l\C|)()rt ot Secrclai)' 

Report of Treasurer 

Kej)orls of Committee on Gencaloj;)' 

IJy llollis K. Hailey . 

Hy Mrs. Milton IJlsworlh . 

]iy (ieorj^e lulson liailey 

hy Dr. Stephen (i. IJailey 

l^y Dudley 1'. Hailey 
Report .is to Certitie.ite ol Mcmbershij) 
Report on Changes in Constitution and Hy Laws 
Officers ]*Jected ..... 





1 1 


Literal y Ivxcreises 

Address ot Welcome by Dudley 1', Haik'y 

Address ot Horace W. Ixiiley. 

Memoir of William W. Hailey 

Hy J. Warren Hailey 
Original I'oem 

liy Mrs. Elizabeth I'.mersmi Hadey . 
Memoir of Isaac 1 1. Hailey 

Hy 1 )udley I'. Hailey . 
Will of John liailey of Salisbury . 



Account of the Seventh Annual Gathering 




Willow Dale Grove, Tyngsboro, August 10, 1899. 


The tiiccling was called to order at ii a. m., by llullis R. 
li.iiley, Ivsq., secretary. 

I\Ik. Haii ev : You are all, I think, aware that during the 
pist year we have lost the president of the association, lion. \V. 
\V. Bailey, who died June 9, last. As secret. iry, I have asked 
tlie senior vice presiilent, Mr. Dutlley 1'. 15ailey ot I'.verett, 
Mass., to serve as president of the day. 

The opening prayer was made by Dea. Dudley 1'. Bailey. 


1,.\1)11„S AND (jENTLEME.X; 

I have the same thing to say this year that I have said in 
years previous, viz., that the report of the last annual gathering 
has been printed and offered for sale, and many have alreaiiy 
purchased copies. Tiie price is 50 cents a copy, which about 
defrays the expense ol jirinting. Copies of last year's re- 
port, and also reports for the preceding years are in the hamls 
of the secretary and can be had. They have, in adtliti(jn U) 
an account of the exercises, some additional matter ot [)erma 

4 si:cKi':r.\in' s ki-.I'Oki'. 

nent value; for instaiux', the year before last we prinleil the 
will of Thomas liailey of Weymouth, together willi an inveiitoiy 
of his estate. That was an interesting and a valuable (hjcument, 
he being the first of the name of Uailcy who was in New Eng- 
land as a permanent settler. This year we pruited the will of 
Richard Bailey of Rowley, a will which had pieviously not been 
accessible, although reference to it had been made in the 
publications of the l^ssex Historical Society. Now we haxe it 
available for the use of any of the descendants of Richard liailey 
who are interested. 

I have to report that the association is in a healthy, I may 
say, flourishing condition. The roll of membership is above 300 
and we get new atlditions every year; some fall off and some 
come in. l^esides those who attend our gatherings we have a 
membership extending through(jut the West and the North- 
west, people who, while they cannot come to the gathei ings are 
glad to read about them. These members have sent \alual)le 
contributions for the book of genealogy and interesting atkli- 
tions to the family histoiy. 

I have a letter from one of the executive committee who 
would have been glad to have been here today. Some of )'ou 
rememl)er listening to him at Scituate, a descendant of 'i'homas 
of W^eymouth, Mr. Henry T. Ixuley, who holds the olTice df 
State supervisor of drawing. 

I have received another letter from a gentleman in \\'ash- 
ington, D. C, who is em[)loyed in the Pension Depailment, say- 
ing that he is sorry that he can not be here. 

I shall have a word to say to you later about the book ol 
genealogy and what has been done in the way of preparing thai 
for publication. I have one other announcement to make 
as secretary, and that is the death ui Henry Iniile)' of 
Boston at the advanced age of over 80, I think 85. He was a 
descendant of Thomas of Weymouth and was born on the old 
liailey homestead at North Scituate, which has been in the 
family since 1670. 

On motion of Horace W. Bailey it was voted that the re- 
port of the secretary be accepted and placetl t)n file. 

I'm: IJAII.I.N'-Ii \\'I.I",\' 1 \.MII.\' ASSOLIA'J'ION. 5 

RKPORT OK Till-: TRICASU R1':R, JA1\11':S R. 15AI1.KY. 

Mr. ri<i:sii)i:NT, LadiI'.s and (h:.\"ii.i.mi;n : 

I would say that the financial concHtion of the association 
is very i^ood, inasnuich as we are entirely out of debt and our 
bills are paitl. I will say in this connection that we depend 
quite larj^ely on contributions from nienibers for carrying on 
the affairs of the associaticjn. The dues j^o a certain distance, 
but we deijcnd quite larL;"cly on ycjur contributions. 'l"he affaiis 
of the association are run on very economical lines and several 
committees have paid tiieir own travelling expenses, and have 
been very hap])y to do it. As treasurer, I would ask the mem- 
bers to be as liberal in their contributions as possible. 

'I'here was a balance on hand a year ago of $55.35. The 
receipts during the year from contributions, dues and the sale 
of reports ha\e been ^^88.71, making a total, of receipts of 
$144.06. The payments for j)rinting, postage and sundry ex- 
penses ha\'e amounted ^0375 58, lca\'ing a balance on hantl of 

On motion of lulwin A. l)a)de)', voted that the treasurer's 
rept)rt be accepted, and placed on file. 

Mr. llollis R. 15ailey moved that the chair appoint a com- 
mittee of three to retire and bring in a list of nominees foi' 
olhcers ot the association for the ensuing year. It was so xoteil. 

The chair appointed John Alfretl Jiailey, llollis R. l^ailey 
and Mrs. Milton I'^llsworth, as such committee. 



DuDLi.v P. Haii.kv, 1{s(). : The liailey-Hayley P\amily Asso- 
ciation owes a debt of gialitude to Mr. lh)llis R. Hailey, which 
we shall never be able to discharge, fcjr he has jjut an amount of 
labor into the business of galheiing up the genealogy for 
which money can ne\er pay. It has been a labor of lo\'e, and it 
is better done in tjiat way than when it is done for money. You 


will see the fruits of his labor when the Ibiley ocnealoKy 
comes out. Jt is the first system:itir nt the kin?l t\.i tin. 
and \oi two other bnmclK-s ol the tainil^'. 


AIk. rKKSIDKNT, L.\|)li;> A x I ) ( i I ..\ 1 I. |.:m E\ : 

Vour president has h.-L-ii very kiiui aiui fiatterin-- in his re 
marks. The truth is tlial what little 1 have been able to do 
would have amounted to nothinu except b)r the very hearty 
support and co-operation which I have received, not only from 
the other members ot the committee on «;enealo-y, but troin 
those members of the association, scattered through .\ew 
Kn^dand ami the West, who, bavin-; information, luue vei\ 
kindly sent it in that it mi-ht be used in the comin*,^ publication. 
And to show how one thing leads to another, 1 recall today that 
at the first gathering which I attended, at y\n'dover, 1 was ableto 
place on a single sheet of pai)er all that had then been gatheicd 
of the James of Rowley genealogy. We had also upon quite 
a good many sheets of paper, an account of the descendants ol 
Richard. At the next gathering at Groveland one sheet, some- 
what lurger, still served the purpose of showing all that was 
then gathered of James of Rowley, and a single sheet ol 
paper alsoshowed what had been gathered of the joim of .Salis- 
bury branch. Mrs. Ellsworth had then begun to put together 
that blanch. Since that time the work has gone on; Mi>. 
Lyon, in Lawrence, has sent in a very viluable addition, a lad)- 
in Pennsylvania, Mrs. Lincoln, has sent in a valuable addition, 
Mr. Roberts of Chicago, and Miss Sarah F. Bailey of (irinnell,' 
Iowa, have done the same, and so from one source and another, 
what in the beginning was very imperfect and partial, has now 
grown, until it amounts to what will be a good-sixcd \(.lun)e. 

Ihere has been, heretofore, no printed publication covering 
the three branches of James of Rowley, John of Salisbury and 
Thomas ot Weymouth. There was a publication, as ino-,t of 
you know, by Mr. Alfred i'oore, of Salem, in 1838, ot what had 
then been gathered of the Richard Jiailey line, a very valuable 
and interesting publication Jt is still to be had by writing to 


Mr. Poore at Salem. 'riicie has been published by Mrs. 
Ilaiiiiah C. (l>ailey) Hopkins at I'rovideiice, K. I., an ac- 
count ol son]e ol the descendants of William liailey ol New- 
|)(ut, supposed to be an oriL;inal settler. This bo(jk, 1 think, 
can be had in the libraries, it not lor sale on the market. 

It seemed to us a )'ear a^o that inasmuch as an imi)oitant 
pait ol the work ot this association is the ^atherinj; ami put- 
tin<^ into permanent lorm the tamily hislor)', your committee 
on i^enealot^y couKI do no better service than by having ar- 
ranj^ed and |)iinted, reaily tor <list i ibution amon<; you, what we 
had gathered of James ol Rowley, John ot Salisbury and 
I'hoinas of \Ve)'mouth. A year ago I estimated that what we 
had on hand wouUl make a \'oluine of 250 pages, and we then 
jiroposed to print it in three paits, all in one volume, so ll;at 
any members not ahead)' knowing about their ancestr)' might 
ha\'e a larger chance of linding out their pedigree. It was 
further a ]KUt of the plan that in the future, there would be 
members of the association, who would come torwaid and be 
interested to continue the work and eidaige each one ot these 
parts and add suitable illustrations and portraits and make of 
the same three separate \'olumes. 

The work has been gcjing on all winter and constantly 
through the spring and summer. 

The James of Rowley pait was gathered b)' myself, with 
the aid of Mrs. Abbie \\ hillswoith of Rowle)' and Mrs. lul- 
ward M. liaile)- of Ashland, Mass. With their assistance 1 
ha\'e completed the work and Part One is now printed. It 
makes a book of 150 pages of that branch of the taniil)'. 
r.iit Two, John of Salisbur)', was comjiiletl almost entirel) by 
Mrs. ICllsworth. She has received, of course, \aluable contri- 
butit)ns from different members ol the association and trom 
otiier peuj)le interested, 

Mrs, l\sther l\. Curtis of Bridgeport, who is here toilay^ 
made a \er)' \aluable coiili ibulion to that line. Mr. branklin 
L. i^aile)' of l)oston, wiio is also here, has fiunisheLl suine 
matter for the book, and 1 ma)' sa)' that )i)ur (.ommittee are in- 
debted to him for vei)' valuable inlormation. 


The book has so far progressed that Part Two is all in the 
hands of the printer and is x'ery nearly printed. Part Three- 
is being put together by Mr. Iveed ot Wey month, lie has 
linishetl writing the first si.\ generatM)ns, antl that part will gi) 
to the printer by the first of Septt-nibcr, antl the book will be 
read)' for distribution sonu-iime in October, as we now plan il 
Instead of benig a volume of 200 pages, the book is going to l)e 
something over 400 pages. 'Ihe price was fi.xed last year at 
^2.00 for those who subscribed in advance, the expectation 
being, that with a moderate sale at that price, enough would 
be realized to pay for the e.xpense of printing. With the in- 
creased size of the book, it will be necessary that there should 
be a very large sale in order to meet the e.xpense of pid)lic:i 
tion. Of course, the labor of all the compilers is a lalior ot 
love. They will be glad to see all that has been gathered put 
in a i^ermanent form and matle accessible to all who arc in 


Mks. Mil. ton Ellsworth: I have given my best efforts. 
It .has been a labor of love, and I have enjo)'ed the work \cr) 
much. I have sent what I ha\-e gathered to Mr. Ikiile)', and he 
has had it put in print. 

What 1 have learned of the John Hailey branch has made 
me proud of that part of our famil}-. 


Mr. William II. Reed of South Weymouth, the compiler ot 
this branch, owing to illness, was unable to be present. 

In his absence, Mr. George lulson Jiaile)' of Manslield^ 
Mass., a descendant of Thomas of We)'niouth, was asked tw 

George Edson I^mlev of Mansfield, Mass, : There 1-. 
scarcely an)thing that I can add to what you know of our line. 
Some years ago my father, with Mr. James H.iile)-, gatlieied 
considerable statistics relating to our genealogy, and these, 1 
think, ha\e pioved of value. 

illK i; \ii,i',\-i; AVI i;\' 


I always am glad lo niccl the luiilcy himily. It is a larger 
family than I expected. 1 am a ikscLiidant ot Saimicl naiU\. 
son (if )c)hii of Scituatc. It is worth noliiiL;' that in our line the 
male members were \'ery scarce. My great grandlather, my 
grandfathei, my father and myself were all o\\]y sons, 1 .mi 
very glad to be with you today. I always like to shake the 
h intl of a IJailey, whether of the tribe of Thom;ih, James, Richard 
or John.. 


Dr. Sti;i'Iie\ G. Haii.en' of Lowell : I believe I represent 
the committee which is gathering and compiling further sla^ 
tistics regarding Richard. We have the ad\-antage of this 
book which has been referretl to, jDrinted by Mr. I'ooie 
some years since, but that only comes down so as to in- 
clude those born about 1S50. There is an entire generation 
since then which has grown up, and their children are coming 
along, which means that there are two generations which 
should be added to this record of Richard Bailey. 1 have con- 
tinued to [nit in a small amount of work, not so much as I 
would like, in further C(jm[jiling and arranging the work of Mr. 
i'oore and in making such additions as have come to my hands. 
Those wh(j are c(jnnected with this branch of the family will 
confer a favor by sending me their family genealogy during the 
last 40 years as far as it can be gathered, so that it may be in- 
terwoven with and added on to what apjicars in this book of Mr. 

There is not much to add. I suppose some one will have 
the courage some day to publish the book in its entirety, the 
old as well as th^- new in s<jme such plan as has been spoken of 
here today for the James Jxiiley branch anch the others. The 
information needed can (;nly be increased and the work fur- 
thered by each one forwarding such knowledge as he or she has, 
if it is in tiic line of Richard liailey. 

I cannot help congratulating the oificers and members ot 
this gooilly assembly. I do not know what I can add except to 
say that 1 shall be glad to tlo my small part and 1 ho[je that all 
who are tmactjuainled with their ancestry will take pain.-:> to in- 


vestigate this Richard Bailey branch and possibly they may 
find a resting place there. 

On motion of Horace \V. I-5ailey it was voted that these re- 
ports be accepted and printed in the minutes ot the meeting. 

Dudley P. liAiM:v, 1'>S(). : In this matter of genealogy, 1 
hope that every member of the l^ailey-I^ayley Family Associa- 
tion will be a committee of one to Icjok up all the information 
at hand and furnish it to those who are gathering the geneal- 
ogy. As this genealogy is printed, of course, that will furnish 
many clues which will aid members in tracing out their geneal- 
ogy, and they can, with their own jjersonal infurmalion, fill out 
many of the gaps which are left. In this way a very \alual)le 
history of the different branches of the Bailey families ma)' 
be collected. It requires co-operation on the i^art of a large 
number of people. Anybody who has tried this matter knows 
how much labor it is and how much time it takes to trace one 
the different branches of families, scattered as American fami- 
lies do scatter, all over the country and even to foreign i)arts. 
The Bailey family, es|iecially, I thmk, will be found in every 
State of the Union, and i)ossibly in nearly every couiitr)' in the 
entire globe. They are rather a migratory race, rather a jnish- 
ing class of people and they travel a good deal. It is the pait 
of the members of this association to trace out the missing 
links so far as we can and fill in the gaps in the history so that 
we may unite the whole Bailey family together in kinship, as 
we believe it is united in sentiment and feelinji". 

report of committick on ch:rtificath: oi' 

HV EinVIN A. liA\l.i:Y Ol' LE.\'lN(iTON. 

Mr. President, L.\1)Ii s and (ii-.NTi.i:.Mi:N ok tiii". Baii.i \- 


As a member of the conuuillee on certificate ot member 
ship, which consists of Mr. llollis R. liailey and m)selt, I ha\e 
to report that we first made quite extensive iiujuiry as to the 

rill- H \ii.i:\'i!.\\i i;\- iamii.y association. 

1 1 

loiiii ot CL'rlilic;itc usl\1 1))' olhcr l,in)il\- assucialions. There 
seems to be lU) unitoniiil)' ill re_i;anl to ihe loini of eerlifKale 
ii.seJ, ami so iMr. 11. K. Ii.iiley then made a siarch for some- 
thin;.;" suitable, aiul as a lesult of this .scaieh we have a bhiiik 
torn) of certiheate whieli we have tilled out with the name of 
the assoeiatioii, and the motto and a statement (;i tlie pui|)oses 
ot the association, toL;ether with thie usual delail^ ot sueh a cer- 
lilieale. We would like to ha\'e)'()U h.iok at ihi.s [Hoposed foi m 
and consider the advisability of it. The r^-porL oi your conmiit- 
tee is unanimously in la\'oi' ot some such ceitihcate. 

It is desir;d)le, we think, to ha\'e somelhiui; to show thai 
we aru- members ol the association in due and rei;iilar f(;i in and 
t;ood stantlin^. There will In: a little e.Npense connecteil with 
this; we think it best to have a sulticient number of certilicates 
printed to last tor cpiite a jnuidd. We estimate tlie e.\jK,'nse as 
in the \-icinity of 315. After the association examined this 
form ot cert ilicate .Old has considered the matter the members 
[)resent ma)' be willing to coiilribiile the amount needed to de- 
tray the e.\j)ense. We hope that such action will betaken. The 
remark has been made that we owe a _<;reat deal to Ilollis K. 
Hailey, and tliat is true. I know Irom experience he lias ;j,iven, 
m'tu'e time and thou;j,ht tiuin anyone 1 have known of in con- 
nection with the Ikiiley j'amily. lUit neitlier Jlcjllis K. liailey, 
nor 3'ou, luu' I alone cm make a success ot this association ; all 
must take hold and come to the association i^atlun injj;'s an<l each 
one must contributed^ he or .-die is able. 

Now I hope you will take this matter of the certificate 
into consitleration, and 1 hojje the associaticjn will \'ote to ha\c 
this ceititicate. 

RlCroRT ()!•■ C()i\IMITTl-;i<: ON CilANC^I'lS IN CON- 

The committee a])pointed at a meeting; of the executive 
committee of the ikiile)- l).i\ ley I'amily Association, held 
January 21, 1 Sij(j, to considrr and rep(Ut any needed cliaii_t;es in 
the b)--hiws of the a.-,.-,ouaUon, have examined the Ijy-laws as 

12 Kl'll'ORr OK rOMMI 1 l'i:i-: on CIIANOI-.S in (ONMIIIIION 

printed on page seven o( the Report ot the 'I'liirtl 
Gathering ot the Association, helil August 15, 1S95, '"i'' leconi 
mend the following changes : 

ist. That tiie words "an auilitor" be inserted alter tlie won! 
"treasurer" in Article 2, and the wonls "or more" alter the 
word "five" in said Article so that the Article shall read, "the 
officers of the association shall consist of a jMcsident anti one or 
more vice-presiilents, a secretary, a treasurer, an auditor and an 
executive committee, consisting of the above named oKicers e.\- 
officio, and of five or more atklitional members." 

2nd. That the words "at the annual meeting" be substi- 
tuted for the word "annually ' in Article 3, so that tin; Article 
shall read as follows : "The said officej?* shall be chosen at the 
annual meeting and sha.U ccjntinue in office untd their succes- 
sors are elected." 

3rd. That the words "tirst vice-president in oider of dec 
tion" be substituted lor the words "senior vice-president" in 
Article 5, so that the Article shall read as follows : "In the ab 
sence or inabilty to act of the president, one of the vice-presi 
dents shall act in his stead and if nu)re than one vice presidenl 
is present at any meeting, the first vice-president in order ot 
election shall act unless otherwise agreed." 

4th. That the following be ailded to Article 12: "Any 
member of the association may pay the sum of five dollars and 
become a life member and shall thereafter be exempt Irom the 
payment of annual dues." 

5th. That the words "and bydaws" be inserted after the 
word "constitution" in Article 15, so that the same shall lead 
"this constitution and bydaws may be alteied, etc." 

Some other changes weie suggestetl, but it was decided to 
recommend only the foregoing as being needed for the present. 
Respectfully submitted, 

IIOI.LIS R. liAlI.KY, ) .^ 

,. A 1, Committee. 

Kdwin a. Havlkv, ) 

Till': |{ai[.i:v-i;avi,[;v i amii.v association. 13 

lIoKACi; \V. l)Ai i.\:V : I move you that the report, as a whole, 
•botli in relation to the ceitificate, and also the recommendation 
as to chanj^es in by-laws presented by this committee be 
accepted and adopted and be incor[)orated into the i)roceedings 
of this meeting. Motion seconded and it was so voted. 

lIoKAcr: \V. li\ii.i;v : In order to expedite matters, if the 
Richard liailey branch will trust me with making a motion in 
their behrdf, I trust the others will. I will make a motion that 
this certificate as proposed by this committee be accejjted and 
atlopted as the certificate of this association. If it is your 
pleasure, I will read the certificate. (Reads certificate.) I 
move you that this form of certihcate be adopted as the certifi- 
cate of membership of this association. 

l'j)W#N A. l>AVi.i:v : 1 would like to know if the member in- 
tended to incorporate into his m(»tion the power to have these 
certificates [irinted, with authority to incur the necessary 

lloKACK \V. Haii.I'.y : My idea was to have them printed in 
book form ami issued at so much |)er certificate or so much j^er 
life membership. Yes, sir, was my intentit)n, that they be 
printed and reatly for us at the ne.xt meeting. R. Haii.ia : I lu)pethat thee.\i:>ense of the printing 
may come out of the geneial tieasui)' ; the expense is going to 
be moderate for what we are to gel. h'ifteen tlollars will pro- 
vide a book of 400 certificates. There will be some at a dis- 
tance that ma)' like a certificate, ami perhajis may not care to 
|)ay for it, but the issuing of certificates to all members helps 
the association, hel])s to make permanent the association, heljjs 
to identify the membershi|). At the present time there are a 
considerable number enrolled as members that do not quite 
know whether they belong or not. I think if there is a fairly 
Miberal donation toda)' when the collection is taken up, that the 
treasury will be able to pay for the certificates. 

Horace W. r>ailey accepts the amendment suggested and 
moves that the certificate be adopted, and that the committee on 
certificates be instrucleil t(j ha\e the jjioper number i)iinted 
and that payment be made lor the same from the funds of the 


Motion scconclctl ;iiul it was so volcil. 

iV coUectiv^n wms I hen Uikcii Inr i lu- piii | ■. .se of raising; iiiuiK')' 
to pay lor ihc cci tificaU-.s, and lln- siiiii nl'j;i2.:;o was icali/cil. 



The committee rcpoitcil the loilowini;' uomiiiccs : l-'or picsi 
dent, Dudley 1'. 15ailcy ol I'^crcit ; tor vice [Hcsidchls, I'Mwiii 
A. l^ayley of Lc.\ini;l()ii, Aiass., (ieorL;c Julsmi liaik-) nl Mans- 
field, Mass, Horace W. liailc)- ot Xcwhiiiy, \'l., William II. kccd 
of South Weynioulh, Mass., am! Milloii I'dl.^wdrlli ol k(AvU\ , 
Mass., for treasurer, James R. ISailey ol Lawrence; lor secrelar)', 
Hollis R. lluley of C"aml)ridL;e ; loi' amlilor, John L. llaiUy o| 
Newton I Iii;"hlaiuls ; for e.\eculi\'e coinnnllee, hdieii 11. I'.aile)- ol 
Boston; John Alfred IJaiie}' of Lowell, ])r. Stephen (L llaile)' ol 
Lowell, Harrison Bade)' of h^itcliburi;, and Mrs. I'Mward M 
Bailey of Ashland. 

()n motion of Horace W. Bailey \'oted that tlu- report ol tlic 
committee be accepletl and tha.t nominees recommended by ihi.' 
committee be elecletl, and the same were electeLl. 

Mrs. ]'!ben H. Hailey of IJoslon sani;'. 

I^DWIN A. l)A\i.i.\ : I hold in ni)' hand an ear!)' will ol (ien. 
Jacob Bayley that l)ears dale of Januar)' 4, i/S(). It ma\- be a 
matter of curiosity ami interest, and I sliall be L!,la(l to h.i\ e \ tui 
examine the same. 

Gi:or(;k I^jison H.\ii.i:\': 1 desire to acKI a few words to what 
1 have saitl. When 1 was about 15 )'ears old there was a xouhl; 
man by the name of James Liaile)-, who was a teacher ol tan 
High School in Manslield. We, of coin^e, became ac(pKiiiiU(l 
with him, and I found that he belonged to the .same tribe ol 
Baileys that we did. He originated frtaii John ol .Sciluale. 
This voung man and my fathei- studied the genealog)' ol ni)' 
father and found we were not alone in the wurld, but belon-ed 
to a \'ery large famdy, although we did not then apiaeciale hou 
very large it was. I in llolton a lew da)s sini.'e and in 

TiiF. iiAii.i:\' nA\'Li:v iwmii.v association. 


quired about tlio family of this James Bailey. I learned that he 
had a sister living in Maiden. 1 wrote to her immediately. 
She is here today and 1 have information from her which is very 
interestin-;. She has a sister who married a minister and went 
with him to Africa, where they have lived ever since as mission- 
aries. I have a list of their children, little Africans, I call them. 
Si) you see our Jiaileys extenti even to Africa. There was 
another Hailey of the same family, who went to the Sandwich 
Islands as a missionary. It is an interesting; fact that we have 
l>aile)'s all over the world. Here is one family that has reached 
to Africa and the Samhvich Islands. 


Ai)i)i<i:ss OF \vi-:i.(:()Mi. i;\ dudlkv p. iiaim.v, i;s(). : 

1 am certainly very i;la(.l to welcome so goodly a gatliei in;:, 
of the various brandies ol the JkuIc)' iami!)' anil 1 hope thai 
we shall all try and be loyal members t)f the lamil)' tree in sen. 
timent and syni[)athy, ex'en if we cannot trace our lineage to 
precisely the same j,renealo[i;ical root. There is a certain tie ol 
common interest which unites all of the name oi Hailc)'. 
That sentiment of common feeling' is something which we can 
cultivate with mutual pioht and interest. The large numbei 
of Baileys has been spoken of — I believe it is a \'ery numeious 
family. They are scattered over all the Stales in the Union 
and in some sections they are very abundant ; in others the) 
aie very few, but if we could get them all together, we should 
be surprised at the exceeding large number of the [jersons of 
this name, without counting those of the female lines, who 
have branched off into other families, but, nevertheless, are 
properly claipied as apart of oursehes. One of the honorable 
purposesfeof this association is to culti\ate that sentiment ol 
mutual sympathy, mutual kinship of spirit, if not i)f blood, 
and to promote good feeling and good fellowship among 
all the branches of the dilTerent l^ailey families. Another im 
portant purpose of the association is to trace, so far as possible, 
the kinship of the different members, ami to incorj)orate it in 
print, so that we ma)' all know just how we are rekited lo each 
other. In our gathering here to day, 1 hoi)e we shall all con 
sicler ourselves mutually acquainteil. I heard some cmc lemark 
that all the J?aile)s are first cousins, that there are no second 
cousins among them. 1 think I shall go a step further and .^a)' 
all are brothers and sisters. Let us all live up to that thought , 
Jet us all tr)- and he liiolhers autl sisters as we are gathered 
here toda)' ; shake h ukU together without waiting lor any 



formal introtluction aiul I'enicmber that all the l>ai!eys have a 
ri;;ht to be acquainted. I hope the usheis will interest theni- 
selve.s in introclucini;' the dilTerent inemhers tne-aeh other, so that 
we may get accjiiainted with each other. In that wa)' uema) be 
able to work together tor tiie good ot the community and tor 
the advancement of an\- good in which we may be called 
upon to take part. 

After .singing b\' Mrs. i^ben II. IJailey, acconijianied 1))- 
Mr. I'lben II. Haile)', Horace W. H.iiley, I-lsii., ol Newbur)', 
\'t., lielivered an address on some of the tiescendants ol 
Riidiard Bailey. 



Contemporaneous history and tradition are combined to sub- 
stantiate a time-worn ma.Kim as apiilied to Richard Haile), ni)- first 
American ancestor, namely, that "the good die )'oung." Richard 
Hailey died at Rowley, Mass. His will is dated December 15, 
1647. The inventory of his estate filed by his commissioners 
bears date June 23, 1648. Hence his death must have taken 
j)lace somewhere along the line of the se\en months inter\'ening 
the above (kites. See repoit of 1898 meeting, pages jcj 30. 

Alfred I'oor in his "Researches" sa\'s (page "/) that "Joshua 
Coffin says that ' Richaixl Bailey came with Richard Dummer 
in the shi[) Bevis, 150 tons, Rob't liatlen, April, 1633. when he 
was 15 years old.' " It was saitl he was a vei)- pious perMUi, and 
in a st(jrm when coming to Ameiica, the compan)' would call 
upon him to pra)' for their safet\'. li Richaid was 13 )ears old 
in 1638, he must ha\'e been onl)' 25 years old at the time ot his 
(leatii in 1648. 

\'ou will agree with me as we begin the stud)' ol Richard 
Bailey that one of two conditions must be true, vi/. , that he 
was a most remarkable j)ersonage, or much that lia.s Imlu 
written of him needs \iolent rcioust ruction. Mi'. roor\ " Re 
searches" ([lage yj) says "His wite's iiaiue was I'idn.ili (perhaps) 
Holstead, b)' whom he had one son whom the)' called J osejjh. 

l8 • ADDKKSS 01" IIOKACK \V. P. \Il.i:V. 

born about 1635, or a little later." If all these dates are true, 
Riehard became the father of Joseph at about 12 ^ears of a-e. 

llollis R. J^ailey, our worthy secretary, iu his address 011 
James Bailey at oui- third auiuial meeting (see rcpoit, pa^e 20) 
says, "It is a matter of recoid that Richard Haile)-, the brother 
of James, came to this countiy at the age of 15 iu the year lOj.S 
or 1639." He further states, " 1 ha\e had the pleasure of 
seeing a printed coi)y <jf the record kejjt in l^oudou of the 
names of the passengers on l)o,ud the ship, on wiiich canie 
' Among the passengers besides Richard llaile)', aged 15, ue 
find, etc' " 

Now, then, if it "is true that Richard was 15 iu 1639, he was 
the father of Joseph at 1 1 and died at 23. 

If Mr. llollis Bailey saw a copy of the list of passengers 
who came on the same ship with Richard and Richard's age 
was put ilown at 15, the same record ought certaudy to show 
whether the ship sailed in 1638 or 1639 

John Alfred Bailey, in his address at oui- Thiid Annual 
Meeting (see jxige 13 of the report) sa\s that " Deacon Josej)h 
was born about 1648," or 13 years later than- the othei" records 
give it. It is a fact that the will of Ivichani Jxailey bearing date 
of Rowley, December 15, 1O47, which is indjlished in the 1898 
report (page 29) is an authentic copy from the records in the 
office of the Clerk of Courts, Salem, ]\Iass., and that the in- 
ventory of the estate ot Riehard Bailey on jiage 30 of the same 
report bearing date oi June 2],, 1648, is an authentic cop)' from 
Salem Court files, book i, leaf 98. John Alfred liailey makes 
Richard's death occur about the same time Deacon Joseijli was 
born. The first item in the will of Richard Ikiiley is as follows : 
" My Will is that Mort)' autl low |)ounds 1 gi\"e unto my sson 
Joseph Baly, but in case m)- wife should be with chiKl then ni)- 
will is that the said sum of tow and forty i)ounds be di\ided 
and one-third part thereof, ni)' other chikl shall have it," 

If Richard wrote this on Decendiei' 15, 1647, 1 submit that 
the John Alfred Bailey xersion of Joseph's birth needs re\'amp- 
ing. My version is that the Massachusetts court files and records 
correctl)' establish the date of ivichard Baile)'s ilealhasbi-- 
tween December 13, 11)47, ^"^^' June 2^-^, 1648, and if the dale ol 

Tin: i;.\ili:y r.AYi.i'.v family association'. 19 

his birth is ever (lisc()\'eie(l, it will be inuch earlier than an)' 
liislorian or tradiLion has placed it. The lodtini; ot the in- 
ventory of Ivichard's estate, "106 /,- oN s -10 d," although not 
larL;'e, as we see thini;s, was lor those da)\s a toi tune too lari;e tor 
accunuilatioii between the ai;es ol 15 and 25. Unless this 
theory is a correct one, then, indeed, " 'l~ruth is stranger than 

There is less diflKulty in establishiiii;' the business, or, at 
least, the place of busini'ss and lesidenee ot Richard J^ailey. 
Ml". Toor says (pai^e "]"] of "Jvesearches)" that "He tjwned an 
estate in Rowley, Mass., and was one ot the company to set up 
the first cloth mill in America, which was in Rowley where the 
mills stand that aie uwned by a Dummer at the present time 
(185SJ." Mr. I'oor further states (page 77 t)f "Researches") "Af- 
ter the deatii of Mr. Hailey, halnali, his widow, married belore 
the I 3th of the ninth month in 1049 j^zekiel Morthend of Rowle)-, 
who, |)robably, took ])Ossession ot the iKaiiestead, and it has 
been in the Northend family from that time." As Mr. Poor's 
" Researches " were compiled only 40 years ago, it cannot be a 
diificult task to establish with certaint)- at this time the s])nt in 
good old Rowley where the youthful ami pious Ivichard JUiiley 
estcd)lished a home, as well as a Inisincss, two and a halt cen- 
turies ago. 

All the generations spiinging fiom Richai'd J-Sailey find 
their way through his onl)' child, Joseith, usuall)' >alle(l "iJeacon 
Josei">h." The record ot l)i.acon Jo.seph, other than Ids birth 
antl possibl)' marriage, is tianglit with le.^s of conllicting traili- 
tions. Mr. Poor says (page 'j'j'), "ilis wite was Al)igail, who 
dietl November 17, 1735, but who her father was we have not 
been able to learn." John iXlfred iiaile) in his address at our 
third annual gathering (see page 13 of report; says, " Heacon 
Joseph married Abigail Truml)ull." Mi-. P.oor (i)age 77) sa)s, 
" 1 Te settled in the north part of Rowley, on the Merrimack, 
not far from the westein jjoider ol Newbur)', Mass., which i>art 
was at first called the Men imack lands but soon incorporated 
by the name of Hradford ; and in 1.S50, the east pait ol the 
town, in whicii his I nni was situated, was incorpt)rated by the 
n.ime ot (jro\'eland, and most ot his original lot is owned b)' 


]). \V. Ilopkinson and M. M. Palmer. I\Ii. Iloiikinson is one ol 
his descendants, and purchased the hcjusc ami land on the 
southerly side of Main street, and lives in the house which 
stands on the site where the original house was built. " 1 inter 
that the "orij^inal house" above mentioned is the one of whieh 
there is a cut in Mr. Tool's " Researches " (pa;j,e 53) designated 
as the "Widow liailey's House." This recoitl makes l)eacon 
Josei)h a farmer, and, although compiled in 1S58, establishes his 
home place beyond cpiest ion. "lie was," sa\sl\li. I'oor (paL;e 
77) " one of the leading' men ol the town ol Ihadloitl . . . was 
one of the selectn)en of the town 23 )'ears between 1675 and 
1710, and was (jne of the deacons from the fnrmalion of ihe 
Church until his death October 11, 171J." 1 le was the father 
of eight children. 

In the third generatiim, m)' ancestor was Joseph Uaile), Jr., 
second son and hfth child of Deacon Jose|)h. Mr. I'oor sa)s 
(page 134) that " He was born in ISiadfortI, I'lbmar)' 13, 16S3 ; 
settled in West Ncwbur)- on the border of ISiatlford, near his 
father, most of the place now (185.S) owned by Jo^hua Kent, and 
married l^'ebruar)' 14, 171001- 171 1, .\l)igail, dau-lilert)l Kalhaii 
and Mary Webster of J^radtord." This recdnl appaiently 
makes Josei)h, Jr., a farmer ami detinitely locates his home 

In the fourth generation my ancestor was l'>.ekiel Haile)', 
third son and child ol Joseph, J 1., " born," sa)'s Mr. I'oor (see 
page 140), "J id)', 1 7 17, married .Sarah, tlaughter ot Deacon 
I'eter, Jr., and Mrs. Martha (.Singleter\) (Ireen of blast llaver 
hill (Mass.), settled on the homestead of his father at West 
Xewbury (Mass.) where he died .h~ebruai) G, |N| 3," (aged 96 
years) "and his wife livetl to be as old wanting about one )i.'ar." 
So it appears that l'!/ekiel was a' farmer, and his home place 
well defined. He was the father of eight children. 

In the fifth generation, ni)' l)aile\' ancestor was Webster, 
the second child and tnst son ot M/ekiel, wlnnn Mr. I'luusaNs 
(page 140) "was born .August 2], 1 7 J7, m.nried Mar), oid)- 
daughter of Sergeant Wdliam ami L)(lia (Muise) \o)es, re- 
sidetl at West iXewbury (Mass.) imtil after Mareh, 17S7, and 
remo\'ed his family to X'eimont and li\eil in Niubui), that 

1 HI' 

r. All i-.\' i; \\ii:n i-' a m i i \' association 


Sl>ile, where they ilietl iii 1830." \Vel)sler Hailcy was luy 
L^ieal-j^raiulfalher, and, so fai^ as I can learn, was llio lirsl 
(leseetulanl ot Richanl U) permaneiilly lt)Cale in VermciU. This 
l)rin5^s us down lo C(Jiinccl witli m)' \\'el>sler Hailey sketch jtrc 
scnted al the sixth annual nieelin-' (see leport, page 12). 1^'roni 
Webster down, I ha\'e the coni[)lete lecoitl in miiuile iletail, antl 
liope some time to be able to devise a way of presenting it tc; 
this association so that )'oli will not be bored by listening, nor 
tired by reading it. 

Cousins, will )'ou paidon me lor referring to our remarkable 
war record, remarkable lor its al)solute scarcity of war items! 
In the seven generations of American ancestors which [)recede 
me, I am unable to hiul that (1) Richard, (2) Deacon Josepii, (3) 
b)^eph, jr , (4) blzekiel, (5) Webster, (6) Parker or (7) William 
e\'er bore arms in Indian, Ctjlonial, frontier or American wars. 

Mr. I'oor says in -'Researches" (page -]■]), speaking of Dea- 
con Joseph, "lie was one of the leading men of the town of Brad- 
ford, accordingly was chosen to hll civil, military, ecclesiastic 
and other offices of trust, etc." If "military" here means real war, 
I shall be very glad to know it ; if it means an organization for 
l)ractice on the village green, then our race can su|)ply whole 
families of tlood-wood cajjtains and liome guard lieutenants 
galore. In "Notes ami Oneries" ([jage 20) t)f our last re])orl 
(189.S) I ask'eil foi- "any war or military record of any of these 
illustrious ancestors," but have had no heli)ful suggestions to 

Albert lulward Railey in bis addre^.s at our fourth annual 
gathering, s|)e iking of the I! lileys with a war record (see page 
15) says, " In 1775, in tlie kevolution, in a comi^any ot infantry 
appear the names of . . . bihn and I'zekiel Bailey, privates." 
These could not be the secoiul and third sons of Joseph, Jr., (or 
John died in 1760 and l">.ekiel would be 58 years old, so that the 
l'>.ekiel herein mentioned was probably a descendant ot James, 
a brother of Richaid, as the adtlress here ciuotcd relates 
principally to James Ixiiley. As an argument in mitigation of 
our ajjparent uni)atri(jlism, I wish to slate that since Webster 
Bailey was born 152 ye<irs ago, while it is' true not one of the 
Bailey name has borne arms, there have been only ten persons 

22 Ani)KI':sS Ol-' HOKACK \V. ISA 1 1. 1, W 

paternally tlcsccndcd troni Webster, includin^^ Webster hiiiiselt, 
who couki have a war record, and this, too, out ot a total ot 210 
descendants. 1 am still L;roi)inL;' in the dark tor an ancestral 
war record in ni)' line ol lxiile)'s prior to, oi' e\en inebuling 
Webster, while a resident ot Massaduisetts. 

Although none ot our race bearini;" the l^ailey name ha\'e a 
war I'ccord, we are not destitute ot such a record. ['"orCailos 
White, gi"andson of L}{lia (I5.iile)') White (^scc page 14, 1 SijS 
report) was a mend)ei ot the 12th Regiment, X'ermont X'oliin- 
teeis. War (jf Rebellion. Also 'I'homas White, another grand. 
sun, served three yeais in Co. d loth X'ermcjiit Volunteers. 
Asher White, a great-grands(/n ot l.\alia, was a mend)er of the 
Vermont Regiment in the Spanish War. I'aul (Jhand)erliii 
Iku'dick, great-granilsdu ot Sally Hailc)' (sir page 14, i.Sij.S 
report) of Lake Geneva, Wis., was a niend)erot the 4th Wistx)nsni 
Regiment, X'olnnteers, in the Spanish War. Meagre as it is, 
such a rec(-)rd is better than total disability. l'(;r the comfort 
and enlightenment ol oui neighlnns, arnl 1 liope sc^metime to 
say cousins, whose tirst .American ancestor was John Haiky of 
Salisbury, and whose hist X'ermont ancestor was Gen. Jacob 
Hailey in the 5th generation, anti for the furtlier pin pose of 
making an honorable, [jeinianent recoid in these annals, 1 wish 
to say that Newd)ur)', \'t., with a i)o|nilation ol al)out 2,000, fur- 
lushed 21 soldiers for the Spanish Wai, ami that eight of that 
number are direct tlescviidants of John liaik)' of Salisbui)' and 
Gen. Jacob Bailey of Newbar)', \'t., and are as lollcnvs ; 

O. M. Harry 1>. Charid)erlin (now in .Saratoga). 

1st Lieut. AI. L, Brock. 

J. A. 15rock. 

Merton J. liailey. 

Klcena liailey. 

I'Vank 1'. Bailey. 

Leroy S. l^ailey. 

Kd. T. l^ailey. 

All in the 9th and luth geneiations, counting J(din ot 
Salisbury the first. 

\n my town (Newbury, \'t.) there are 34 l>ailey tax-payers ; 
only three of that number {my fatiicr, brother anil myselt) arc 



tlcscciulants from Ricliard, all the othcis from John of Salis- 
bury. I liave the authority of Mr. Wells, our town historian, 
for sa}ing that there are pr(jbal)l)' about 124 living descendants 
of John liailey of Salisbuiy in Newbur)', Vt., at this date, and 
I know there are only eleven peisons of all aj^es, sex and name 
living" in the same town descended fiom Richard of Rowley. 

In my genealogical table of Webster Haile)''s family, given 
in my address of one year ago (189S, see i)age 19) 1 find only 
one error, vi/., that lietsey had two children instead of one, 
making W^ebster's total 212 insteati of 211. During the year, 
two deaths have occurred in Webster I^ailey's line, viz. : 1st 
Jesse Parker liailey (my brother) (born July 20, i .S66) died at 
j'assimipsic, \'t., January 29, 1899, and buried in the family lot 
at Newbury ; 2nd, i'^uinie M. White, wife of Dr. Isaac J'^asl- 
man of Woodsville, N. II., tlied April 19, 1899, (born May 17, 
1874) ami was burietl in the family l(jt at Topsham, Vt. So 
that the total descendants of Webster Hailc)' living today 
number 210. 

In my 1898 paper (see i^age 16), I mention the four living 
grandchildren of Webster Bailey. They are all now living, 
the oldest being l^zekiel White of Topsham, Vt., who, on the 
first day of ( )ctober, 1898, celebrated 90 years of life and who, 
on I^'ebruary 14, 1899, celebrated 67 years of married life. 
Ilis wife, I. aura Du>tin (born September 15, 1813) belongs to a 
family maile famous in Colonial liislorv, being a direct descen- 
dant in the 5th generation of Hannah Dustin, who slew, on the 
island of Contoocook, ten Indians and escaped with her chil- 
dren, March 15, 1697, and whose monumeiit now stands near 
the railroad at I'enacook, N. II. 

If there is wisdom in being a genealogist, there is more 
wisdom in being a relicd)le one. In i)lucki ng an occasional flower 
for his crown, the genealogist treads long paths strewn with 
thorns, and, unless he comes in contact with the same disease 
manifest in the llesh of others, nfteii meets with chilling in- 
difference. Ours is a labor ot love. T(j search out those of 
our race long gone to tln-ir rest and make for them a record is 
a delightful dul)'. 1 ,et me suggest that in all our ]>apers, which 
are designed for permanent reccjrd, we be e.\[)licit, give our 



authorities and rctcicnccs and dates and that when we have 
occasion to write the nanie ot a town that we locate it, giv'in;^ 
its State; ioi- instance, Newbury, Bradford, Haverhill and many 
other towns can be found in Massachusetts, V^erniont, New 
llanipshire and other States. It )-ou are a genealogical ciaiik, 
or more classically speaking, an enthusiast in Haile)' genealog)', 
you will purchase the five little jnimphlets which constitute the 
))roceeilings of this association. Vou will also own a copy of 
Alfred I'oor's " Researches," printed about 1857. Mr. I'oor is 
incapacitated by age, lives in Salem, Mass., and is by "far and 
near" the greatest living benefactor of the "Richard of Rowley" 
race. Nearly a hundred pages of his \aluable book are devoted 
to this line of 15ailc)'s. Think of the time and [jatient study in 
examination ami comparison to have |)roduced such masterly 
results /Ml h ul Altred I'oor, born h'ebruary 27, 1818, now li\- 
ing in Salem, Mass. 1 le deserves our helpful consiileration. I 
have never seen him nor do 1 speak by authority, Init I am 
advised that I'oor'.'^ "Researches" can be had through our secre- 
tary and that the sale ot them will behelpiul to uu\ \eiierable 

There are living in Newbury, Vt., descendants ol John oi 
Salisbury, not descendants of Gen. Jacob Hailey. Mr. 1^'. 1'. 
Wells, our town historian, is making a careful search tor all the 
Haileys who have ever lived in Newbury, \'i., of all branches 
ami proi)oses to give them place in our forth-coming history. 
Should you belong to this class, notify Mr. Wells. 

■ I bring you cordial greetings and words ot good cheer 
from the Haileys of Newbury, Vt., both Richards and Johns. 

NoTK. -Since ihc .iliovu aililrcss wa.s prep.ucd. two (1I W'cl^ster 
Bailey's grandchildren have tiled ; vi/., i'l/.ekiel IS.idey W'lnte al 'IDp^liam. 
V'l., July 31, jSyij, and William Hailey Hibhard at Chicago, 111., Sepleinber 2. 
1899, so that at this date. Jaini.iiy 1, 1900, there are only two survivors of 
Welister IJailey's 25 grandeliildien. 

Till': liAIl.i:\-llAYLK\ KAMI I. \ ASSOCIATION. 


Ml-:i\IOiR Ol^' WILLIAM W. I^'\ILi:V, 1-:S(J., 

oi'\ NASI a jy\, N. II. 


For the secoml time in the histor)' (if lliis association death 
has called the one selectecj to ser\'e in the capacity of piesident 
timing his term of office. C^ne year ago at our Sixth Annual 
(iatherini; Hon. William Wallace Hailey of Nashua, N, IL, was 
elected president ot this associalicwi. Practically e\er since our 
organization Mr. Hailey has taken a deej) interest in its welfare ; 
he was a regular attendant at the annual meetings and always 
took a lively interest in the proceedings. At the annual meet- 
ing held at North Scituate, Mass., in 1897, lie was electetl first 
\ice president and one )ear ago succeeded to the olHce of presi- 

While in recent years he has not enjoyed the best of iiealth 
his sutklen death on the evening of June 9, after an illness ot 
a few days was a very great surprise to his many friends. 

Mr. Hailey was born in Ilopkiuton, N. 1 L, in 1829. Ilis 
whole life was i)assed in his native State, where he reilected 
honor and credit, both in his private and oflkial life. In his 
boyhood days he attended the district schools of his nati\e 
town ; he was later a student at Pembroke Acatlemy and the 
New Hampshire Seminary at N\)rthticld. He entered Hart- 
mouth College ill 1850 and graduated in the class of 1854. 
Selecting the law as his profession he completetl a course oi 
study in the Albany, N. V.. Law School, in 1856. Hpon his 
graduation he established himself in Nashua, where he lived 
until his death, enjoying the confidence of the courts, his asso- 
ciates at the bar and his neighbors. In addition to the caie of 
a large clientage he assumed his share of public responsijjilit)', 
serving his city as city solicit(jr, his ward for two )'ears as a 
member of the Legislature. I'"or five years he was a trustee of 
the New Hamjishire College of Agriculture and Mechanics 
Arts. He served his city as a member of the boaid of educa- 
tion, and for 25 )'ears jireceding his death was a mem 
ber of the board of trustees of the Public Librai)'. In his busi 
ness relations he was for several )'ears a directoi aiui president 
of the Wilton Railioail Compan)', aiul fr(jm 1891 until iiis ileath 

26 MKMOIK 0|- WIF.l.TAM W. l!All.i:V. 

was a director and treasurer in the Nashua .^ Lowell Railroad. 
He was president ot tlie Nashua Savings Hank troni 1S79 until 
1895 ; he was also a director in the Indian licad National liaid; 
and i)resident ot the llillshonuii;!! Mills Coni|>an)'. 

h'or many years he was a niend)er of the J-'iist Conj^re^ation- 
al Church of Nashua, the New l'!n_i;land I I isloric (jenealoi;i(.al 
Society, and president ol the Stale labrar)' Association, lie 
was a member of Kisini; Sun Lod^c, A. !•". and A. M., ser\in;,; 
as Worshififul Master ni i.S()j .md iS6^, aiida Scottish kite 
iMason of the 32tl decree. Air. Jiaile)' niariicd in 1858, Mary 
1>. Greeley, ilauL;htcr ot All red and Mai) Webster (ireelc)', 
a descendant ol iXndrew (jreele)', who was born in baii^land 
and came to this country eail)' in the lylh eenlui)', settling; 
in Salisbury, Mass. 1 he widow and two children, J)i. 
William '!"., a graduate ol l)ailinoiilh in 1891, and 
Helen (}. Ikiilc)' sur\ ive him. The deceased was a di'scendant 
in the se\enth _i;eiieratioii trom James r>aik-\', w iio came lioiii 
Kn<;land and settletl in kowie)', Mass , about if;.(C). Mis aiices 
tors in each _i;eiu;j at ion were : 

1st. James llailc)', boiii in b",nt;land about 1612. l.)'dia. 

2iul. John Haile)', boiii in l(J.|J at kowlc)', Mass. Mar)' 

3tl. Thomas Hailey, born in 1677 at kowle)', Mass. lumice 

4th. llumphrc)- ISailc)', boi n 1719 at I'ladtord, Mass. 

5th. 'I'homas HaiK)-, born at lla\erliill, Mass. 

I'^unice kmeison. 

Gth. Thomas ilailc)', boiii 1790 at 1 l(ii)kinton, N. II. 
Jemima Smiih. 

b'rom the eulo^\ (kdi\eieil !))■ kew Dr. kichardson are the 
foUowini;' sentences which illusii.ile the cli.iracteristics ol cuii 
late president : 

" Did you e\'er know him to ii) t.) wound an)' one's leelings .' 
Did )'t)U e\'er listen tt) a low jest cominL; from hisli[)s .' Did \ou 
in a single instance think he w c makiiiL; lii;hl ol sacicd things.' 
His faith in (jod's promises was iin w a\'L lin^. c\cn as lii.-i attach 
ments to his friends was sleadtast. I.iterar)' in hi-^ tastes, liim 
in iiis {principles, a di^ciimiiial iul', leader, a tine, a de 
voted companion, lUi. liaiJc) touches us on niany bides ut uur 

TiiF. i;aii.fy-I5AVi.i:y famii.v association. 

nature. We shall not to speak of him and we cannot lail 
to feel the force of his e.\ani])le." 

J''roni an editorial coninient in the local jjapcrot his city this 
expression of Jiis \vt)rlh is i;i\'cn. " Ihedc-ath ol lion. William 
\V. IJailey remo\'es one of the best known as well as one ol the 
best liketl citizens of Nashua and the State, lie had hosts ot 
fricnils who will sincerely mourn his death. 11 is kindl)' and 
genial nature and unaffecteil manner made him a lavorite with 
old ami young, while his keen interest in literar)- and histoi ical 
sid)|ects as well as current affairs rendered him a most interesl- 
iny; companion, lie made new fiiends ra|Mdly and retained old 
ones to an unusual decree. Mr. J?ailey has been a ver) promi 
nent facte>r in the business, professional and social lite of T.'ashua 
for the last 40 years. The positions of trust and honor which 
he held were legion, and he would ha\'e occupied many political 
olfices had not his party been generall)' in the minorit)'. lie 
was a life long Democrat, but fair minded and generous in his 
estimates of political opponents. Mr. Baile)' was conciliator) 
rather than aggressive, a fact which seemed to make general busi- 
ness and literar)' puisuits more agreeable to him than llie con- 
tlicts of the courts ; he had, nexerlheless, a gt>od standing at the 
bar and a satisfactory practice." 

After the reading of the above address, Mr. J. Warren 
l^ailey offered the following resolutions, which npt)n motion ot 
Mr. lulwin A. l^ayle)' were adopteil b\' a rising \iite : — 

RfSohciL- That in the death of the lion William Wallace 
l^ailey, our late president, the Iiaile)' Ha) le)' b'amil) Association 
has lost a valued member, one who, during his lite b)' his up- 
rightness of character and genial disposition, win the allettion 
and respect of all who knew him. 

'I'hat in him we finil one of wdiom we can trni)' say he did 
honor to the name of iidlc)'. R. Haii I \ : We are allowed the use of these 
grounds and this buiKling b)' the kindness dl the pioprietiM>, 
and I woidel move )ou that the assuciation extend a vote ol 
thanks to the Messrs. Bowers lor iheii kindness Weaie undei 
a debt of obligati(>n to them. 

I'lie motion was seconded and unauiniousl)' passed. 


KRAI) l!\ IIOI.I.IS j<. i;.\ i i.iiv. 

Greeting to the Willow Dale Family Gathering. 

I'.v Ki.i/.AKi'rni i:Mi:KS()N iiAii.i:\. 

We sfiul a cordial j^reetiin; 

(Jii this j^lad meniorial day 
'I'o the JJailey friends wlio ^athci 

From near and far away. 

And every year \\e"re i)laimiii,i; 

'i'o journey to tiie sea 
'l"o join the liailey cousins 

I n the I' aniiiy Jui)i)ee. 

l)Ut when tlie stitiint^ weather 

Of the Au,i;iist days has come, 
• It clianges all our prospects 

And we glailly stay at hou'.e. 

Mut we send you our good wishes 

And are thankfid, all tiie same, 
For tlie kindly invitation 

In the secretary's name. 

• We also note with jileasure 

'I'iie service you have done 
In hiinging near completion 
A work so well begun. 

Of course we want the volume ; 

We'll be waiting for the same,— 
So, in gathering subscriptions, 

Vou will please to add our name. 

The year just now completed 

Has been a stirring )ear; 
The record of its passing 

Leaves hope and anxious tear. 

There has been a wondrous broadening 

Ol oiu' Fagle's wide-spread wings 
Whic ii have gathered in their shadow 
J he mo^t niai\elous of thiui's; 

sf»NC. oi" (iKh:!', riNf.. 29 

Slraiij^e saniplcs of liunianity. 

So iKihsioiiale and wild 
That l\ii)linL;'s vc-rdict counts lliL-ni 

••Half devil and lialf-child.' 

We take [upj the -White Man's lUirden ; " 

Our (iod-appointed land 
Accepts the hii;h commission 

1m cm a Sovereign Ivulei's hand. 

We take the work appointed, 

With its pain and sacrifice; 
We know the cost of freedom, 

For we have paiii its price. 

It was not of our own seeking, 

With the care it must involve, 
With its intricate conditions. 

And the problems it must solve. 

liut the tide of human progress 

Claims from us a heavy share. 
And the destiny o[ millions 

Is the burden that we bear. 

.So we enter this arena 

With a courage brave and true, 
Trusting the (iod of nations 

'l"o lead us safely through. 

It may be an object lesson 

To the nations of the world 
That o'er these rescued islands 

Our banner is unfurled. 

And the better understanding 

Of a few progressive years 
May disclose a wise protectorate 

To our wards and to our peers. 

In the century just opening 

May its early record be 
.Salvation anil redemption 

I-'or these islands (;f the sea. 

(iod give us grace and wisdom 

To work into His plan, 
\>y ways of truth .ind justice. 

For the highest good of man. 
Marietta, O., August, 1S99. 



* in- i)Ui)i.i:\ I'. r.Aii.EY. 

Wilhm ihe year just |)H.s.scd a death ha.s oeeiiiietl in mic 
branch t)f the liailey family in which I am interested, and I 
have here a short sketch ol the deceased. 

Isaac II. Bailey was boi n in Yarmouth, l\Ie., in 1819, and 
was tiie son of Isaac llazeltnn lUiiley, Sr. When he was two 
years old, his father died and he was left to he rearei,! by his 
widowed niotiier. /\t 14 )ears of a^e he went to New \'ork, 
where, after serving ten years as a cleik in a iarf;e leather liim, 
he was admitted as a p.irtner ami carved out his fortune by 
ability and attention to business, rising to be a successlul 
leather merchant and winnini; both fortune and an honorable 
standing in our greatest city. In 1873, he retired tvum the 
leather business. In 1874, '1*-' ''^^''' '^^ ^^ candidate tor Congress, 
but was defeateil in the overwhelming Repuljlican disasters of 
that year. Latei" in 1875, he became propiietor of the SZ/iw 
aHil Leather Reporter kA New York, then in a somewhat deca- 
dent condition. Through his ability and experience in the 
leather business, he was soon ajjle to bring this journal into a 
highly SLiccessiul anti prosperous condition. In 1882, he organ- 
ized theconcein as a stock comp.iny, distributing 42 per cent, ot 
the stock among his em|)loyes, liut retaining the super\isi(;n 
ol the reading pages ol \.\\^ Reporter. He eontiniieil to con- 

duct the l)usiness until his death on the 25th ilay (jf 
March, 1899. 

Although about 80 years of age, he was in the full posses- 
sion of his faculties up tt) the last, lie was al his oHice, attend- 
ing ttj business as usual, the day befoie his death, lie was a 
remarkable man, intellectually and physicall)'. lie was a veiy 
lluent, witty and brilliant speakei and a popular writer. 

rie was appointeil by (io\ernor Morgan, police commissioner 
of New York city in 1859. In ])ecember, 1874, he was ap 
|)ointed commissioner of charities and corrections for New 
York city and ser\ed until 1879. lie occupietl a prominent 
position in the councils ot the Republican Party, being an inti- 

rill': liAii.KV-ii.wr.i'V iamii v associaiion. 31 

mate friciul of Scnalor Coiiklinj^', (icncial (iiaiit ami olhci 
|)r(tmiiicnt men of the party, lie was a founder of the l\einil:ili- 
can Lca[;iie Club ami a member of the New ]']ngland Society 
si nee 1858, a direetor in 1866, second vice presitlent in 1870- 
187 1, first vice piesiileiit, i87_:-i873, president, 1874-1875. 

fie was a man of absi)lute uprightness of character, llis 
business record was without a stain. In reli<;ion he was an 
agnostic, ami tlie only funeral sei \ice was an address l)y Col. 
Robert G. Ingersoll, who has recently followed him to the 
realm of the unknown. He married Charlotte ]\1. O'Neal. Of 
his chililren cinly one, Mrs. b'.mily 1 leint/.elman, survives him. 
Of his ancestry I have been able to obtain no further record 
than the name and date of birth of his father, who is said to 
have been a native of Dunbarton, N. 11. 

WILL Oh- JOHN r.AILi;Y Oh' S.\LISia4>LY. 
(Norfolk Records, l>ook 1, I'age 15.) 

The J8lh of ye 8th mo. (1O51) 
This is ye last will oi John Hayly sen. l)eing on his sick 
bed hee being )ett in his right minde & seiices. ffiist 1 give 
unto my Sonne John Hayly my house iS; laml lying <!v being in 
ye Towneof Salisbury during his lite «!\: alter my sonnes death 
his second sonne Joseptli liayly is to enjoy \i and if Josepth 
doth not live to enjoy it, then his )'wunger brother is to enjoy it. 
And when Josepth l)a)ly or his younger brother conieth to 
enjoy this hmd, he is to pay to his eldest brother John Bayly 
the some of forty [)ounds as his (jiandlalhers guift. Antl I doe 
likewise make my sonne John U.iyly sole ]'!.\ecut(jr of all that 
e\er 1 have only my e.veculor is to pay to my wyle his mother 
ye some of six |)()iinds a )eare during hii life pvided she cometh 
over hither to New englaiul likewise my l'].\ecutor is to pay to 
my Sonne Robert tiveteene pounds |)\ ided also he come over 
hither to New england likewise m)' executor is to pay to my 
(laughters his sisters ye some of tenn ];ounds a peece pvided 

32 \vi I.I. oi- JOHN h.\ii.i:y ()!•■ salisiiukv. 

they come over hitlier to New england butt in case they doe 
not come over hither butt (U)c sende by any messenger for their 
portions they are to have five shillings a peece for their porticjns 
whither sonne or daughters, & all these somes are to bee j)ayed 
according as it can bee raised (uit of my land & stocke & like- 
wise it is to bee pay'd t(; every one of them, according as ye 
Ivxecutor & tiie ovciseers shall see cause. And faither my 
Executor is t(j pay for ye passages of thcjse yt doe come over 
hither of them whither it bee w)fe or childeren, or any of them. 
And farther I doi; give to my sonne John J-Jayly's childeren 
either of them a young beast as soon as may bee wth convenicncy 
& my sonne their tather is to bleed these beasts for ever)' of hi.s 
childeren till these beasts groeth to cowes or o.xen & then the 
childeren are to have the prolTitt of them. And I doe make my 
brother John I'^.mery Gent, of Nubery & Mr. Thomas i5rad- 
bury of Salisbury overseers to see as this to bee perfoinied. In 
wittness herof I doe sett to my hand ye day & yeare above 

Wittness herof, 

William Ilsley, This is ye marke (V. b.) of Jno. 15ayly Senior. 
John I^mry, Jun. 

Likewise I doe give to Willi Iluntingtons wyfc & childeren 
yt house & land yt 1 bmight of Vallentine ]\owell & doe desier 
my overseers to see it made good to hir & hir childeren. 

This will was p\'ed u|)|jon oath by ye aforesay'd witlnesses 
att ye court held att Salisbury the (13th) of ye (2d) mo. (1652). 
Tho. Hraclbury rec d. 

I^sse.x Registry Deeds So. iJist. ) 
.Salem, March 28th, 1900. ^ 

The foregoing is a true co[)y of record in this olfice. 
Attest: Rout. W. Osiioon, Asst. Reg. 



The Eighth Annual Gathering 




Saleiii Willows, Salem, Mass., 
August 8, 1900. 

^mefican Publishing Company, Lawrence, Mass- 


Business Meeting . 

Report of Secretary 

Report of Treasurer 

Reports of Committee on Genealogy 

Investigation in England 

Officers Elected 

Amendnients of By-Laws 





1 I 


Literary Exercises .... 

Address of Dudley P. I^ailey, Esq. 
Memoir of Samuel Oilman Bailey 

l^y Mrs Edward M. liailey . 
Memoir of Moses Colby F^age 

By John Alfred Bailey 
Address ot Hon. William D. Northend . 
Letters from Mcnry Haistcd of Yorkshire, England 
Address of Alfred Poore .... 
Address of Rev. Nathan Bailey . 
Cleanings in England .... 

Will of John Bayley . . . 

Will of Richard Bayly 

Will of Alice Bay lie .... 

Will of Alice Bailey . ... 

Will of John Bailey .... 






l„ir.^;..'l .• 

Account of the Eighth Annual Gathering 




Salcin Willows, Salem, Mass., August 8th, 1900. 


The iiK'Oliii^ was called lo order al 1(^.30 A. M., by Diid- 
!(•)• 1'. liailc), l''.s(|., ri\'si(k'iil of llic Association. 

Mr. Kailc\ : 1 am \cr)- j;lad to \vc1c(miic 011 iliis occasion 
s(' lar^e a iiuinlicr (j1 llic various hrauclics of the lilaiU v l-aiii- 
il\. C'oiisidcrini;- ihc iiiclciiKiit weather and the threaleninj;^ 
ai)i)earance of the clmuls yon ha\e \indicatetl your rii^ht lo he 
classed anionj;- the nnterritied, if not ainoni;' the unwashed. The 
latter class we ilo not care lo have with us. 

The weather has heeu unpropitiijus for several years. 
Two years aL;o we had a rain storm to i^o with our reunion, 
and the same was true last yeiar. This \ear, judginj.; from 
]'iesent api)earances, it is jn'ohahle that there may he a reali/- 
aticMi of the same condition. I have sometimes thoUi^hl that 
il we found there was yoini;^ to l)e a pretty dr\- time, we had 
l)cltcr notily the \\ea(her bureau to iiave a reunion of the 
Ilailey family. This would be a sure precursor ol rain. We 
are ver)' glad t(j know thai liowe\er incoiuenient it nuay be 
for us, the comnnmity al large w ill be greatl\ bc-nefitecl b\ this 
downcoming of rain . 1 am sure we shall all be reconciled i! 
what occurs is for the conunon g<n)d, even if it is not U)V our 
personal convenience, • 


W'c lujpe that all will keep up their inlere>l in llu -\ -allin- 
ing'S and try to get in new nieniljers. I'-aoli niember nm^i 
aid in supplying the missing genealogical liid<s if we are to 
weld our family hi^tury into one unbroken chain of family 
association. Such a work requires the united effort of a great 
niany peo[)le. Juich imv must conirihute something. 1 lioi)e that 
no one will consiiler anv contrilnitie)n of information, howexer 
small, as unimportant, since all the fragments gathered to- 
gether may furnish a complete family record. 


Ladies and Cienllenien; Alend)ers of the Association: 

I state again this year, as 1 have stated heretofore, that 
pursuant to the custom adopteil at the outset- — almost lat the 
outset — the Association has this }ear ])rinted a re]jort nf the 
proceedings of the last annual gathering, antl I have in m\ 
hand the 'printed report of the last gathering which wa^ held 
a }'ear ago, August lo, 1899, at Willow Dale Grove in Tyngs- 
boro, making the report of the seventh annual gathering. 
You see that we now have nearly rei)0rts enough to make a 
good sized volume. The}' are all of the same size and print- 
ed in the same st\le so that they ma)' be bound together. 
Perhaps by another )ear the Association may think it wise to 
add an index to the entire number so that memlters wdio ck'sire 
may hind up their re])orts and ha\'e in permanent form an in 
dexed scries of reports. "IMiey will then have in the various 
atldresscs and historical matter contained in the volume a 
gi cat deal of history of the Pailey family . 

Tlie secretary has to report that since the last meeting 
the vote of the /Yssocialion in fa\'or of having la certificate of 
membership has l)een carried out. The certificates have 
been i)repared and printed. A large number of the members 
have sent in their names and have (received their certificates. 
Quite a number, however, have omitted to send in their names, 
and I am waiting to hear from members before I send lOut 


more of the cerliilcatcs . 1 think there are some 300 menil)er-^ 
of the Assiociatioti, ami 1 ha\e seiil mit 130 memhcrship cer- 
tificates, ami sliall be i^lad to semi out 'the remainder. There 
is no ehari;e for the eertilieates, the eonlrihution taken up last 
year havinjj^ j>rovecl suftieit-nt to meet the exi)ense *jf prepar- 
ing' them. The committee has taken some little pains, and we 
take some pride in the appearance of the cerliticale, which \vc 
think is creditable. It makes an interi'stini;' record of member- 
^hi]), and we be'lieve that each mend)er will be ^.^iad to have one to 
lutnd down t(^ ccMuin^" t;enerations to show his or lu'r Ci>nnection 
with this body. 

W'e hope that as the years go on and the new generations 
come the\- will be glad to take up the wcjrk that we are now' 
('oing in connection with the Association. While the Asso- 
ciation will probably ne\er be \'erv large, )et it is doing and 
has <lone a good work in per]K-tua'ting thi' hisior\- and genealog\ 
of the Uailey family. 

If }on will read }om- certificate 3'on will see it states the 
objects of the Association, and one of these objects is to make 
a j)ermanent record of the history of the Association. 

When the Association began 1 was in the same situation 
llui't .siome of }ou now are. 1 knew that 1 was a iiaile}'; i 
knew ni}- grandfather's name, and my great-grandfather's 
name, but 1 did not kntn\ where 1 stood with reference to the 
e.uly settlers and that is something which we all have an intere^t 
ill. We like to trace our ancestry back to the first .settlers thai 
came to these shores. .Soon after the .Association began I 
learned that I was a descendant ui James IJailey of Rowley, 
i'wo years ago 1 discovered that on ni}' mother's side I was 
also a descendant of 'I'homas Jlaile\ of Weymouth. Within a 
few days 1 have found still further that on m) mother's side I 
am a descendant of William liailey who came to Newport, 
Khode island, as earl} as i'^>55. Let me sav to you that if 
any of you are impatient as to finding cnit your earl\' ancestry, 
have patience, because I ihiiik \'ou will all fuially get placed. 
i"-ven our worthy ])resident is still among the seekers, and he 
can tell )OU it requires continued work. A year ago we placed 

6 secretary's report. 

William W . I>aik\, who \\a> tlu'ii our inx^idcnt, ami it was 
a good (leal of satisfaction to him in the last \car of his life 
tu know that he was a (Ksetiidaiit of James liailev of Row- 
ley, antl to find (jut just who his ancestors wero. 

The rei)ort of la>t \car will ^i\e you the d.^inj^s of the 
last gatheriuj;-. It will al>o j^ive any who are inleresletl in 
the John of Sali.shurs hranch .somethini;- which they cannot 
obtain very readily in au\- other way. With the assistance of 
Mr. I'Vanklin L. ikiiley oi I'x^slon,- 1 hunted up the will ui 
John liailey of Salisbury. It is recorded in an out (jf the 
way place; not anionj; the wills in J'^ssex County, but in the 
Registry of Deeds in Salem, having c(.>me down as a part ui 
the record of old Norfolk <,'ounty which instead of beinv the 
present Norfolk Coimt\', curiousl\- eiiougli consisted of ilie 
town of Salisbur}- and downs across the present border of 
New Hampshire as fur as Mxeti-r and Dover. We lia\e in 
this report printed the will of John Uaile)' of .S;ilisbur\, 
all who are interested in that branch w ill ])e pleaseil and inter- 
ested to see ami (jwii it. Jt was probated in l^)^-^, a \ ear or 
two after John Baile)' died, and it gives an interesting bit of 
fcniil}' history. Yon will recall that we have alread\- in earlier re- 
ports print^'d the will of Richard Raile)-, and also the will of 
Thomas r)ailey of Weymouth. Jhus the reports contain valuable 
historical niatiLer in addition to an accomit of what has taken 
place at the several gatherings. 

At a little later stage of these proceedings, I shall h;ive 
seme interesting letters to read to }i)u fri)ni members of the 
Association, who are unable to be present. 1 have one let- 
ter from a gentleman in hjigland, and another letter from 
Mrs. Newcond) of New Ilaven, Conn. 

I have to report that the /Association is llourishing. We 
have some new members each \ear. There are a great many 
members that never do come an<l never can come to these 
gatherings. There are a good many members out west. I 
am hoping to see here today a lady from the Province of 
Quebec, and 1 trust that if she is here she will speak to me 
before she goes. We have members as far west as California 


and llic state of W'ashiiii^ton and also as far soutli as the 
iJistrict uf Columbia. The Association has 'nienibcrs wluj 
are a i^otjd deal interested in the' reports, but are iniable to at- 
luul the leatherings. 

There is a sinj^le word I (>UL;ht to add. V>y vote oi the 
Association two }ears at^o, the work ^of pidjlishing a geneal- 
ogy of the James of Rowle\ branch, the jcjhn of Salisbury 
branch and the Thomas of Weymouth branch was undertaken. 
Nothing concerning ih'ose branches iiad e'\er been printed. 
Something to be sure had been gathered, but nollnng had ever 
been printed. I'ut there had been printed a ver\- large 
amount of valuable matter concerning the Richard llailey line, 
and I am glad to see that we have with us the author of that 
werk, Mr. Alfred I'oore, of Salem. Mr. I'oore spent the 
best years of his life in gettinig together the matter that was 
[)rinte(l in 1856, and 1 hope he may say a wortl to us before 
the meeting closes. He has brought a sijecimen copy of his 
book. Idiere are still a few copies reaiiaining and any of that 
line who have not accjuired the book Avill do well to buv a 
copy at an early da\ . ( )f course, the price that an}' of vou 
pay for such a book d(jes not reci)nij)ense the auth(jr in any 
way. Such ii book means that s(jme (jne has perft)rmed a la- 
bor of love. The ]\ichard ilailey line is certainly indebted to 
l\Ir. Alfred Poore for the work he did in [)utting together the 
history of that line in 1856. 

The new book of llailey (lenealogy — the histc^ry of James,-- 
John and Thomas was completed about the first of January, 

1900, and nianv of )'ou ha\e purchased copies. There are 

still some copies remaining to be sold. The manuscrii)t, after 
\vc- decided to print it, increased so that the book was 
finally twice as large as contemplated. The ])rice is now 
lixed at $2.50, and i ma) state that recent incjuir}' 
among the book-sellers leads me to think that the ])ook is is ordinarily calletl a $5 book, so that any of you who 
have paid $2 or $2.50 fOr the book may feel that y(m have a 
book that is worth the mone}-. When the remaining copies 
are sold the book will become scarce, and }OU will not be able 
to obtain a copy for less than $5. 



Mv. rresident, Ladies and (lentk-nu'n: 

In ])rt.'scntinf; my r(.])i)rt to you this mornino-, I would sav 
that we have accoin])h>h(.'d as an Association a j^ood deal this 
year. Wc have had receipts and disbursements a Irille over 
^Soo. We liave made a wide departure, and consunuiiated the 
jjrinting and (Hstributing- of the hook of liailey Cienealof,^y . 

'While in former years, 1 have been able to state that 
our bills have all been ])aid and we iiave had a balance in the 
bank, this year 1 can uuly say that our ijills have all been inud. 
To accomplish this, we have been oblij^ed to borrow some 
money. In other words, the money neetled has been kindly 
advanced by two members of the Association, and we can pa\ 
them at our convenience, or when our money comes in. 

There was a balance on hand a year ag-o of ^{^68.48. The 
receipts tlurin^ the }ear from contributions, dues and the sale 
of the annual reports and books of I{ailey-(]eneaIo<;y and 
money borrowed from Mollis R. Bailey and J. Warren r>ai!e\- 
h.ave amounted to $851.93. The payments for printing, post- 
age and sundry expenses inchuling delivering; book of g-eneal- 
ogy have amounted to $837.15, leaving- a InUance on hand of 
$14.78. We have also on hand assets, reports of annual 
gatherings valued at $500, and 90 Ikiiley (lenealogies valued 
at $225, making a total of $725. 

On motion of Edwin A. Baydey, vcjted that the rei)orts 
of the Secretary and Treasurer be accepted and placed on hie. 
Mr. Edwin A. IJayley moved that the ciiair a])point a com- 
mittee of three to retire and brmg in a list of nominees ior 
ofificers of the Association for the ensuing year. It was so 
voted. The chair appointed .Mr. John Alfred IJailey, Mrs. 
Henry B. Bailey and .Mr. Charles W. liailey as that committee. 




Ilollis 1\ . luiilry: I have alread)' in my rt-porl as Sec- 
retary stated to ynu the work that has heeii duiie in jjrinting 
the L,''eneahjt;y of tliree branches of the family. 1 wish now, 
as a part of my rejjort as a mem!)er of the conimittee on ^^en- 
e:dog"y, to read some letters from members (if tiie Association 
and others. 

(Letters were then read from Horace W. Railey, Ks(| . . 
of Newbury, \'ermont; Chester 'r\ler Slierman, Kscj., of 
\\'ashin<:;t(jn, 1). C. ; Mrs. Mary jijlmson llailey Lincohi; 
Mrs. Carrie K. Cliatfiehl of Minnea[)olis, j\Iinn.; Hon. James 
A. I'ailey, Jr., of Arbiif^ton, and Jlenry P. Moulton, J'^'-scj., 
of .Salem.) 

I have also a letter from Knj^land in regard to the Baileys 
of England. We have all been trying for a gO(j(l many years 
to ascertain cxactl\' where Pichard and James liailey came 
fr<jm, but we arc still in the dark, though it seems probable 
that they came from Wiltshire. It is known that John of Sal- 
isbiu'v came from Chippenham, England, but beyond that no 
one knows what his connections in l^ngland were or w hu his 
ancestors were. Mr. W'ithington c^f Xewl)m-\port, being in- 
terested in his own W'ithington genealogy has been at work 
for some two or three years in England engaged in genealcjg- 
ical research. In England if nou desire to examine any of the 
j'ublic records, such as the wills in the Probate C(-»urt, you 
have to pay for the privilege in order that the English govern- 
ment may have funds not only to maintain the registries but 
also to carry on its various foreign wars. It usually costs a 
shilling to examine any will, so that any one examining the 
ri'cords there has to have (|uite a little money with which to 
work. Mr. Withington made the offer a year ago that if 
the liaileys here would fm"nish the money he would furnish the 
time and make some research. 1 le has recently written iMrs . 
Newcomb of New Haven, Connecticut, renewing this offer. 
I have here copies of several early Pailey wills found in Wilt- 



.'-liirc 1)\ Mr. ^X'ithini^loii, and 1 pruijosc Id print tluiu as a 
l-art of the report ut this j^atlieriiiL^ . 


lIollisR. l;aik\ : 1 had lioiJcd that Dr. Slo])hrn (i. 
I'ailc\- would he here. lie is doini;' suiiie work on the Kiihard 
line. 1 have tried to L;el his (.iilhusiaMU ai'oused te> such an 
e.\tent that he would undertake to ])rint a new hofjk (if that 
line, working' with .Mr. I'liure, taking' what .Mr. I'lxjre printed 
in 1856, and hrin^in^ it down to the pre.sent time; hut that 
means a s^ood deal of work and a _L;ood deal of mone}-, and 1 
am afraid that he w id hardl\- undertake- it at present. 

-Mrs. Mdward .M . llailey who is on our conuuittee is pres- 
ent. She has (K)ne more work than I ha\-e since the new hook- 
was i)rinti.d. .She keeps st-ndiuL; me fresh material which I 
Ideaway to he used when a new edition shall he printed of the 
iuiilev >.;euealo^\' . The present hook, of course, is not com- 
l)!ete. h.ach one of the three [jarts oui;"ht to he enlari^ed into 
a separate volume. 

Mrs. Milton hdlsworth, who gathered the John of Salis- 
bury line, is also here. The feeling of the conuuittee, I ihiidc, 
is that we earned a \acation hy the work we did last year on 
tlie hook' (»f ijenealoP'v . 

Kdwiii -A. Ila\ie\-: T desire to say a fi-w words in regard 
to the matter of investigation in k'ngland. It seems to me that 
most (jf us ajipreciate the fact. especiall\- those of us who have 
given the matter cjf the hook that has been prepared and pre- 
sented to us, any particular attenticjii, that tlu' work as far as 
the States here is conceiued is in jiretty good shaj)e, hut we all 
recognize the fact that we want more information in regard to 
our ancestors hefejre they cauie to thi.-^ counlr\ . .\s far as 
carrying on aii)- work in I'-Ugland is concerned, we are neC'S- 
sarily limited. There are not man\' of us that cross the ocean 
every year, hut it seems to me that the suggestion of '.Mrs. 
Newcomh about seiuling money to Mr. W'ilhinglon is one that 


is vcrv liiiH'h-, particular!} uikKt tlic present circunislances, 
and I earnesth' \\u])v llial llie Associalion will lal-.e up thi^ nial- 
tt-r, and lake it up in a business way. It does not mean a t;reat 
amount of m(Mie\ . 1 he circumstances are most auspicious, he- 
cause Air. \\'ilhin_<4ton is there- cm the i^round, .md all he wants, 
as 1 understand it, is to ha\e his actual expenses ior rej^isliw 
lees defra\ed. just riow in older to ket'p up and accentuate 
the interest in tlu' lamiK association it seems to me that this ri'- 
searcii ou^lit to be made. We ouj^ht to raise a lund of ,'pJ5 ov 
.^5(j and it shouhl be put in Mr. \\ ilhin^ton's hands. W'e want tlie 
.Association to pa\' what is lair for the informaliein we- _m-t, a'ld 
i want to see the money raised neede-d to carr\ this matter to 
a successful termination, and 1 hope- it will be- done- lu-re- loda) . 

XOTl'-l) that the re-port (if Uu- ronnnitte-e on Clenealoj^y 
be accepted, ad(»pte-d and phie-ed on lile-. 

J)udle-\- I', llaile\ ; 1 want to i)ut a little e-mphasis on this 
matter of raisin^'' needed te; pa,\ oil' the de-bts incurred 
fjn account of the ikiiley Cleiiealoj;) and also mouL-y neeeled lor 
looking- up llie i'ailey. ( ieneaK)gy in luiglanel. I think perhai)S 
a cetutribntion of I w e-nl\-li\ e ce Ills apie-ce would do it. 1 suij- 
posc thai wenild not be a ve-ry hea\\- burde-n lor anybod)-. If 
any arc disiK)sed to make an\ ccjutribulions we shall be glad to 
receive them . 

I believe wc should gra])i)le in earnest with the matter of 
the English genealog\ . I hope- there- are- some here today who 
are disposed to pa\ soiuelhing fejr work in that direction. If 
there are anv here who are disposed, I hope the\' \\ill hand the 
funds in me e)r to the treasure-r, and 1 am not sure- but what it 
would be well to have an organizeil effort made- to bring this 
matter to the atte-nlion of every oiu- prese-nt . 

kEroKT Oh" to.M.Mrr'ri'.h: OX .xo.mi. nation 

Or" Oi'hIChlkS. 

The committi'e rc-p(»rted the- following nominees: l'"or 
president, lulwin .A. l;a\le-\' of Le-xingti.n; for vice-])residents, 
George Edson liaih-y e>f Alaiislield, Horace \V. Dailey of Xew- 


Iniry, \'t., Milton Ellsworth of Jvowley, Mass., Col. lulwin 
W. M . Bailey of Anicsbury, Mass., William 11. Rccd of 
South Weymouth; for treasurer, James R. liailey of Lawrence; 
for secretary, Mollis R. I'ailey of Cambridge; for auditor, 
Walter E. Rohie of Waltham; for executive committee, John 
Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Ilarrison liailey of JMtchburi^-, .Mrs. 
Edward M. liailey of Ashland. I'^ben 11. liailey of Boston, Dr. 
Stephen G. Bailey of Lowell. Dudley P. liailey of I'Aerett. 
Chailes E. liailey of Lawrence, and Cleorj^e N. liailey (jf Lynn. 
On motion it was voted that the rep(jrt of the connnittee 
be accei)ted. and that the nominees recommended by the com- 
mittee be electi'd, and the same wvrc elected. 


Ilollis R. Bailey: In the notice of invitation to this i;ath- 
eiing, I inserted a clause rclatinj;" to the payment of animal 
dues. It is a fair cjuestion for consideration whether or not 
the i)ayment of annual dues is for the interest of the Associa- 
tion. When the by-laws were adopted at Groveland the matter 
was somewhat discussed, and some thoufjht then that the .As- 
sociation might well rest for its support upon initiation fees 
and annual contributions from those who felt hke pa\ing-, and 
not have a continual sending out of yearly bills f(jr annual dues. 
The Society, of course, needs some money to pay th,e ninnim^' 
expenses, for printing notices, invitations, annual rei)orts, and 
for prosecuting genealogical work, but it seemed to me as sec- 
retary, that I ought to bring the matter of annual dues before 
the gathering again this year ft)r further consideration. A 
good many mend^ers da not pa}' their annual dues. It has never 
seemed necessar)- io the executive connnittee to exclude 
any one, because of non-j)ayment of dues, and \el every now 
and then some member sends in his or her resignation because 
he or she objects to receiving a bill for annual dues. Now we 
w:'.nt as large a membership as possible including those \\\\n 
can and those who cannot afford to pay annual dues. 



There is some expense atlendiiiy the collectitJn of these 
(lues and the amount eulleeteil is not hu\^e. 1 have no partieu 
hir ni(jtion to make except to suggest that if an}- one is of tlie 
o])ini(Mi that the membership of the Associaiion is (hniinished h\ 
annual (hies, or believes that the Association wouUl be better 
oti' without amiual (hies, I shrdl be glad if he will make a mo- 
lion so that the matter ma_\ be discussed. 

(No motion was made and the by-laws were not altered.) 




It has occiirml to iiic {n see lu)\v lar<;cl\- the HaileNS have 
lii'uretl ill the I '.in^raphical i Jiclionaries . 1 tiinl in >iieh dic- 
titMiarie> thirty-uiie names of the liailev faniih' takiiii;' the name 
with aU the \arious methods ot speUini;' it. 'I'his means that 
thirt}'-one persons named llaiK\ ha\e ohlained eiujnL;'h ])rom- 
mence in the worhl to he notieed in these jjuhhcations . h.ii,dit 
I'aileNs are noticed in the h.iK"_\ elopaecha llritanniea. 1 here 
ai'e sixt\-one who are noticed and mentioned in Allihone's I )ic" 
tionary of Anthors. 'Jhis i;i\cs ns some idea of the niimhei 
of the famil}' in which we are interested who ha\'e ohtained 
s(nie decree of fame, ])Ul it dt)es not inchide aU hecanse we know 
lliat there are hiri^e mimliers who attain consi(lera])le eminence 
vho nevertjieless do not get into the liioL;ra])hical 1 )ictionaries. 
W'liile there are no stars of (jnite llie first niaj^nitude in the 
I'ailey hrmameiit, \ et there are qiiile a iiumher wIkj have ol)- 
tained honoral)le position in the varions waU^s e)f life. 1 shall 
mention only a few of these. 

Jacoh Whitman iiailey, 1S11-I1S57, was a dii.tinL;ni^hed 

fames Moiit,L;'omer\ I'.aile) was known as 'ihe l)aiil)m"\ 
News Man. lie was horn in 1 S4 1 and ihed a few \ears aj^o. 
]lealtaiiietl ipiite a national repntalion for the wit of liis literary 
productions . 

Joseph I'.ailey was a farmer who ori^inall) li\eil in W'iscon- 
Fiii, but enlisted in the War f if the Ivehellion, and at the time 
of (leu. P.anks' Red River I'^.xpeditii iii held the rank' of Lien- 
tenant Colonel. The Union forces were compelled to retreat 
and the water in the river had so fallen that it was imp(;ssihle to 


get the flrel of <5uii-l)(;ats down strf-am, and it was proijosod to 
abandon it, which wouM l)a\c been a i^rcal lo^s l)t)th to llic 
ai'iiis and to the i;ovci"nnKnt . At that inoniLMit Lieutenant 
Colonel llailey came lorward and jjrcjposed to see the llei't 
safel}' down the ri\er. Me was ^culted at 1)_\' the protessiunal 
enL;ineers, hut when he once started in he found a larL;e nuuil)er 
of men who were rea(l\ to co-c ipei'att- with him. 'lliey tinally 
d.ininied the river on both sides and narrowed the chamiel to 
sixty-six feet therebv rai^in;^- the level of the water, and makiuL^ 
the current swift anil .strong;'. Thus all the vessels were taken 
.safel\' out. {•\)V this feat Col. llaile_\- was ])romoted, and sub- 
se(iuentlv obtained the rank of 1 '>ri!^adier-( ieneral, and ser\ed 
with distinction throui.;hont iIk- War of the Kebehion. 

Idieodorus P)aikw, i75J-1(SjS was a statesman and a United 
Stales Senatetr from New ^'ork. Jle was ])ostmaster in New 
\ ork city for twent\-four Ncars. 

Tlieodorus ]?aile\, i<'^'W''^77' obtained much distinction 
a? a naval officer in the W'ar of (he Rebellion. .\t the time of 
Admiral I'^arra^ait's expediton ti> capture New ( )rleans lie led 
the fleet uj) the Mississippi River, passed the forts amid a storm 
of shot and shell, and conducted the attack with t^rj-ent gallantry. 
He sul)se(|uentlv was aii])ointed to receive the surrender of the 
C^'ity of New ()rleans. lie was pronu;ted rmd obtained the 
rank of Rear Admiral. 

Philii) James I'.aikw born iMrT) wa^ the author of the famou^ 
]ioem entitled k\'stus. lie com])o>(.'d that pnem original- 
iv when he was onl\- twenty \ears of a^e, althouj^h it was subsc- 
(pientlv rewritten and in dilTerent editions enlarL;ed to al)Out 
ih.ree times its ori<;inal size. While it had Iteen criticized in 
some of its j)arts, \v[ it contains many ex(|uisite passa.m-s (.f 
genuine ])oetr\- and has a well recoi^nized value as a permau- 
vut addition to our literature. 

Nathan liailev, lexico,t;ra])her, is entitled to ])ermancnt 
fame as a ])hil(;lo_<.^isl, and, you nn'^ht -a\ , the .\iali 
Webster of his da\-. lie published a dictionar\- ol the l'aif.;lish 
languaj^e in 1728 which went through lifteen editions and is 


Still a valuable dictionary to consult in TCLjard to some features 
of the iuiglish lanj^niai^c. It fcjrnied the basis of Johnson's 
j;reait dictionary which was published later. He dietl in 1742. 

Sir John lUiyley, 1763-1841, was a lawyer of note. Tie 
was called to the bar in J 792, api)ointed a sergeant-at-law in 
1799, and was afterwards made one of the Justices (;f the Kint^s 
i'ench and received the honor (jf K'niLjhtlKjod . He was a man 
of liberal education and enlarijed views. He was the author 
of a legal text book entitled "Baylc}- ou Hills" which went 
through five editions ami was a stantlard work on that subject. 
Joanna liaillie, 1764-1851. was a dramatic writer and ob- 
tained (juite a C(jnsiderable distinction. 

There are many others of the liailey family worthy of men- 
t-on, but I must not take your time now as we have an interest- 
inj^^ ])rogramme before us. Still it is pleasant for us to know 
tliat so many of those who have borne our name have obtainerl 
lionorable distinction in the various walks of life. I'here ha\e 
I)een l!aile\s wlm have shown their activity in almost e\'ery de- 
l)artment of human etfort . While not obtaining perhaps, the 
very highest rank, they have made an honorable record, and 
have achieved much distinction. 

After singing by Mrs. Kben H. Uailey accompanied by 
Mr. Eben H. liailey, Mjss Martha Hawling ISaile)-, teacher ot 
Oratory at Ohio Wesleyan University, gave a reading in iwo 
jiarts entitled, 

1. Penelope's Christmas Dance by Virgina W. Cloud. 

2. A Plantation b^cho by Thomas Nelson Page. 

This was followed by a song by Mr. Ijcrtfjii O. Wetmorc 
of Jjoston, 




Mr. President and I'ricnds uf the llailcv Ass(>ciati(jn : 

I count it a [jrivile^c and an honor to he perniilteil to .s])eal; 
of a life whicli has reeentl\- s^one from aniony ns, a hfe S() ahso- 
hitely loyal to dut\', so rounded antl crowned hy it^ coniulete- 
etl deeds of fidelity, tliat in a rare sense it is a t} pe of the truest 
liailey spirit. 

On Tuesday evenins^^ May 22, 1900, shortly hefore eit;!): 
o'clock occurred the death of an e)ld and well known resident of 
the West Parish, Andover — that of .S . (iihnan I'.ailey, the })r(>- 
prietor of Shady Side (Jrove at llaj^yelt's Pond. .Mr. I'.ailev 
had not been well for se^'eral- years, but durini,'' the last week of 
his life was better than u^ual. On .Sunday night, however, he 
was taken with neurali;ia of the heart, which caused his death 

Mr. Bailey was born on the old liailey homestead, near 
the P)ailey school house anci what is now IKuxl's I^'arm in West 
Andover, June 7, 1827. I J is parents were Samuel P>ailey ot 
Andover and Prudence h^armer of Tewksbury. Mr. luiilev 
was the fifth in lineal descent to bear the name Samuel, but in 
distinction from his fatiier was always known qs (jilman. His 
ancestors in each j^enerali(jn were: 

1. James luiiley of l\owle\, .Mass., born alxjut 1612, wif<' 

2. John P.ailey, born 1642, Mary Mii,diill. 

3. James Pailc)-, born 1680, llannah Wood. 

4. Samuel Paile)', born 1705, Mary Rolf. 

5. Samuel Bailey, born 1728, llannah Kittredgc. 

This ancestor, whom family traditit)n names Lieutenant 
Samuel, pcrislied at I'unker Ilill. 

6. Samuel Pjailey, horn 17^)8, .Sally Trull. 

7. Samuel I'ailey, born 17^5. Prudence Earmcr. 

Mr. Bailey's early life was spent on tin- farm, and his ed- 
ucation was received at the district school. lUfore hi> mar- 
riage he carried on a fish market in Lowell for a short time, 


and afterwards worked at shoe niakiii^j in Waketkld with aa 
uncle, Pliincas P>aile\ , from whom he learni-d the trade. 

About fort\-oiu- \cars a.i^o \\v marrieil ('aroliiu' I'risciUa 
Gilchrist of Ando\(.r wlio also liwd in the western part of tlie 
town. The Couple resickd for souie lime with Mr. I'.aik-\'s 
hrother, )ohu 11. I'.aiK'N , uear Mood's farm. It \\a^ ^llo^tly 
before his marriage that Mr. JKiiU) purchased the ^rove 
named b\' him "Sliad\- Si<le," which he carried on so lous^^ 
and so successfulh, with tlie aid in later years of his son 
Charles. Almost from the first a platform was erected for 
dancing", and arrangements for letting biiats and making tlu- 
grove attractive were completed. From \ear to year changes 
and additions were made until the place assumed its present as- 
pect. With its location on the shores of such a beautiful pond 
as riag'gett's, the grove has been and is a favorite resort for 
l)icnics both with the past and present generation, Vnv almo-^t 
forty years it has been known to man\- of the best families of 
Lowell, Andovt.r and adjoining towns. 

Mr. Bailey was a good man. Tie joined the North Tewks- 
bnry church in a revival man\- \ears ago under Elder Peacock 
and the Rev. Mr. Fleti her. lie was a ^varm friend of the suc- 
cessive pastors, and his grove was the scene of many Sundav 
School picnics and festive assend>lies. There, too, many bap- 
tisms took ])lace in the ni'ighboring lake with its gently sloping 
shore. At such times the hospitality of the owner was free and 
gracious. To his courtes\' in i^^<>4, the l>aile\- h'amily are in- 
debted for a most enjovabU' reunion at this beautiful grove. 

The deceased is sur\i\ed b\' his wife, one -on, Charles L. 
and one dang-hter, Mrs. Lilla IC CooUw of Winchester . r)ne 
son, William Kimball lu'iileN-, died in 188;^. Two broth(>rs and 
one sister, all younger, also survive him. These are fcdm I> . 
P>ailey of Andover, Charles 1\ . P.aiKv of Stockton, Cal . . ami 
Mrs. Abbie O. Perriu of AttKi)oro, Mass. The funeral ser- 
vices, conducted by Rev. Mr. Pierce of North Tewksbury, and 
Rev. E. W. Pride, a former pastor, were held at his late r^'si- 
dence on Friday afternoon, Mav 23, at 2 o'clock. The burial 
was in the family lot at the West Yard, the bearers being his 


hon, son-in-law, ami two nrplu-ws. Mr. liailcy was unnsnally 
t'( iiul of tlow(.M>, ami at ill;- Inn rial -^c^\ icc^ ln^ lricn(l>' know led i^c 
ol that lo\c' was nianik'strd ni a pLTlccl wcillli of nio^t heantilnl 
blossoms . 

i'osscssint.,'- a ^tronj^ pri^onalil} . Mr. P.aik-y was a man of 
such vij^or of nnml, ili^nit\' and ])mit\- of character, and j^cinlc- 
ncss of spirit, that he has been a forcehil and l^. acion> power in 
the church and the connnnnit\ . i'he force and aroma of hi-' 
piety penetrated all the relations ui life. h'nll of Mm>hine Iniii- 
.self, he seemed to attract onl\- sunshine from the infinite st(jre- 
house of destiny. His life was characterized bv untirini,'- activ- 
ities which were widely exerted in the life of the coinmnnitN' in 
(levolitju to the j^'ood and the hai)i>iness of others. The con- 
trollinj^- motive of liis life was an unswerving loNalty to his con- 
victions of duty . 

In his hcjmc, of which he was the \ery heart, his wife and 
children knew best the depth and misellishness e)f his nature, 
the noble and helpful ([ualilies of lii> character, and his man\' 
sterlins.,'- virtues. .A cordial, consideratt'. helpful friend .and 
neiu^hbor, n faithful, de\oted, ])atient, self sacrihciu}.,'- parent, a 
consistent church member—- his departint,^ wrings with sorrow 
man_\' lu'arts. Such li\es a^ his, wrou}.;hl into ours, remain, 
lon,L,^ to be remend)ered. It w.i'- a lini>heil life, and its record 
was one of deeper meaning that w•ord^ can frniiie. 

"Thanks be to ( lod that such have- been, 
Althoug-h the\' are no more." 

MEMOIR Oh' MOSi'-.s ("OLr.V l'.\(]l-:, ()1< CANOHIE 
L.AKF., N. H., 


T have not ])repared anythin},^ in the sha])e of an elaborate 
addres.s, but 1 feel lhi> i> ;i \'er\ liltini;' time to sav' a few- 
words in memor\' of (jur friend and fellow member, Mr. Moses 
(\)ll)y I'a-e. 

He was born April i6, 1832, and married Marion Rebecca 


Morse, fuiK' 26, i(S5(). His ancestors in cacli generation were: 

1. Kieliard liailey of Kowle), vMass . , born in i'Ji,i;lan'l, 
about iOjj, wife lubia llalsteil. 

2. Dea. Joseph Ikiile)', bt)rii before 1647, wife Abil^^■lll 

3. Dea. [ohn I'.aileN , born Xov. 26. \()y)\, wife, Susanna 
Tenncy . 

4. John r.aile\ , born l'"eb. 18, 1720-1, wife Mli/.abelh 

5. )ohn Moores l!aile\, born Nov. 3, J74H, wife Lydia 

6. .Vloores r.ailey, born March 25, 17S5, wife .\biah Dus- 
tin, a descendant of Hannah Dustin . 

7. Kuthena r.ailey, born June 21, 1813, husband Jona- 
than Page. 

To him, perhaps, as much as any one, is due the founding' 
of this AsscK'iation. in the sununer of 1892 ui}- wife and I were 
visiting at Mr. Page's home at I'anobie Lake, N. il., and the 
matter of getting our own immediate liailey cousins together 
was talked over at that time. There were a good uian\' of 
them living in that \icinil\-. The matter of a family reunicju 
was discut;sed b\ the cousins and they tlujught that it would 
be a good idea to form a iSailey hannly Association. .\tte,"- 
\''ards there was a meeting at Mr. Page's homestead and the 
fi'.'st notice which was sent out to the mend)ers of the llaile\ 
I'amily u^as prepared with the help of Mr. and Mrs. Page 
These notices were sent around to our Hrst cousins and a few ex- 
tia copies enclosed for wider distribution and the result of it 
was the first meeting at Cauobie Lake. 

The use of the grove and the buildings was given to us at 
that time by the prt)prietor. J hi*; meeting gave us an ujjpor- 
tunity to form the .X^sociation . We had upwards of 200 pres- 
eiu, 1 think, and our u>ua\ rainy (hiy. A permanent orgauiza" 
tion was decided U])on, and from this beginning has dex'eloped 
the Association which we lia\e at the [jresent time of about 
three hundred members. 

Mr. Page was a man wdiom everybody liked to meet and 



when von i)artc(l from him lie Icl'l a \\vv\ i)k'asant mcmoiv ii'. 
yciiir miiul. lie' was a mason l)\ Iradc and did the work for 
C'aiiohie Lake and the neij^hhoi inj; towns. lie was a master oi 
hiv trade and was capable of doin^- whatever work there was 
to ])v done. He was a contractor in Lowell, Mass., before he 
moxed to Windham, and anions the l)nil(hn<:;s he hnilt in 
Lowell were some of the most ])r(jminenl in the cit\ . lie re- 
built Wheeler's Mill at North Salem, N . li., two or three 
limes and did the mason work around Salem (."entre for a num- 
ber of )ears. livery one knew and liked him. 

In the death of such m,en as Air. I'as^e the Association 
meets with a j^reat loss, lie and his wife were always present 
at our meetings, and their attendance was something' to be de- 
l>ended upon no matter where the ^athering^ was held. 

Mrs. F.iben IL Jiailey and Mr. iierton ( ). \\\'tmore san^' 
a duet composed by Mr. Kben H. Bailey. 


As you referretl to the different men of the name of Bailey 
\vho have attained distinction, I was reminded of an anecdote 
which 1 read in a paper or nvaL^a/ine .some years aj^o. The 
name, I think, was Oonunander jame^ llaile\, who was a very 
j^allant and accomplished <jfticer. lie was sununoned as a 
witness in a civil case in C onrt and was vers' nuich disgusted. 
He talked with his friencL; he ^aid he did not want to go into 
Court and \)v badgend by the law}'ers. lie said, "'J am not 
afraid of shot and shell, but 1 do not want to go into Court and 
br ijneslioned and cross-(|ueslione<| . " The) told him to tell 
his story sim])l\ , and if he had any doubt concerning anv state 
U'.ent tt) add: "or words to that ell\'ct," (jr "as near as he c<nild 
ifUKMuber it." lie wliiI to Court and the first thing the law- 
)<,rs said to him was: "^^)ur name is James llailc\, isn't U ?'' 
He answered: "\'es, cjr W(jrds to that elTect." 



I am always iutcrcstod in iIrm.' family ij^at lK'i"iny> . 'I'licn- 
is IK) place in my jiulj^nu'ni when' the)- ean he iiu)re pleasantlv 
iieUl than in h^ssex Cuunly. Yon ^u hack and yuu will linil 
that the descendants of ilie eaiiv setllers of l{,ssex C'onnty are 
almost all related to each other, (jne wav or another. 1 do not 
think there is any localit) in the conntry where that is true to 
such an extent as it is in rei^ard tc; I'lssex C"ountN', and that i^ 
where I understand the name of l'>aile\- has mostly come fr(;m 
1 iiave nt) IJailey blood in me, ])ut 1 am y;\'<i(\ to know thai 
I iiave a ^ood many cousins who are r>aile\s. 1 awi a tlescend- 
ant i>f Mrs. Richard HaiU)- of Kowlex'. When Kichard liaile\- 
died in i()4(S, my ancestor, first ancestor in this countr\ , h'zekiel 
X'orthend, offered his hand to Mr.s. Uaile)- in marriaj.,a', and 
from this marrias^e come all of the name of Xorthend in the 
counlr)-, and the name is carried ri^ht straii;ht thr<)Uf.;h, W'lnle 
I kn(jw' n(jthing' of Richard l'>aile\, 1 kuow a j^ood deal of his 
wife, h'dna IJalsted, \ (jur ancestor and mine. As i ha\'e said 
s)ie married my fust ancestor and the)' had a son wIkj married 
horothy Sewall, the younj.(est sister of Chief Justice Sanmel 
Sew all, and if ye>u hjok over the hook or diary that he kept, you 
"■vill find fre(|uentl_\ mention of his Aunt I\dnah, wife of m_\- fu^t 
ancestor. Of course he rei;ar(led her as his aunt. lie speal:s 
o[ stop])ing" in Rowley and of readini; different sermons to her. 
It was \ery plain that the old Chief Justice thought a pood d. ,,i 
of his Aunt Ednah. , 

Tlic (piestion has been discussed here where the different 
Settlers came frc>m. 1 know where I'.dnah llalsted came from. 
She came from Yorkshire. I)r. h^dward R. C"oL;i;'WeH of 
Caml)ridj.;e has some original letters written from ]ui<;land to 
I'Ldnah, my first ancestor's wife, 1)\ Ikt brother. The letters 
as I recall, were dated in Yorkshire. 1 remember one thiiif.^ 
that struck me as a little remarl^alde in one of the letters. I 
a-^sume that luy ancestor hjlnah married not \'er\' loni;' after 
ihe decease of her fust husband, and in a letter which she ^'■ot 
from her brother, he said that her Aunt hMnah marvelled very 
nmch that she should j.;et married attain so soon e\en in :i 
blrange counlr) . Xow 1 have always thought that that was 


llu' hi'St reason \\li\- she sliuiil<l marr\..aL;aiii and liasc sonu' pro- 
tector. Tlieit- are st^nie oilier letters wliieh the doetor lias 
which are of some little interest, but this mention ol iheiii is 
sntKciiMit to siiow \on that 1 know sometlnny of Mrs. kichard 
I'aik'v, and if there is any one who desires me to state it more 
fnlly 1 can ^ive it at another time. 

Letter from Henry llalsted of Sorhy IWid^e, Yt)rksliirc,^land, to liis sister F.chiah, widow of Richard Bailey and 
wife of Ezekiel Northen<l of Rowley in New England. 

"krom hath near Soil)\ hrid^'c 
dated Jo ol |anuai y, 1^)50 . 

Loveing- and deare Sister my Une reniemi)ered to )on I am 
heartily {^lad to heare from you 1 ne\-er heard of your hus- 
band's death before these last letter^ 1 am altogether iinsei- 
tled as yett nor 1 will not marr)' as \ett I will sta) one yeare to 
see how things goe 1 ])ra\ sou Si'^ter doe what _\i)U can to 
send mee my means as fast as you can and wlial you can con- 
veniently for if I settle here the want of it will be a great loss 
for ( ) is dead now and without one hand ( ) 

they will suffer damage by being force to put off at any price, 
but I live witii my uncle James and want nothing 1 am very 
nuich made of and my ant would have me to marry with sonio 
ot that she is ant to but 1 put it oil because m\ an; i^ old and 
but ill and if she, dye I know not how things may fall out. but 
\(iur ant niar\'elK'd at*\(iu that you can lia\ c >ueli a good heart 
to marr)' againe soe .sonne being in a strange contry. \inu 
inicle I sack ad ant k'dna are well ad all ycnu" cohcus. remem- 
ber my love to all m}e friends in rowdey 1 luive sent )(:)U a 
small token which i promise to send you when 1 could but 1 
had not had o])ortunitie before a j)are of glo\'es ( ; 1 

pay to work ( ) because of jour brother wdiich 1 will 

inform )ou; thn^ 1 rest desiring \durpra\ers. 
^'(Mn- lo\ cng ilrother 

Henry Halhted. 
About the mon\e that is oweing 
it is ij3 pounds but 1 know not 


whether an3thinj^ will In- gotten 
( ) at his age but the next 

returne I send you ( what? ) will be 

To his doare Sister lulna norlhi'ii liveing at Rowley in new 
iuL;laud . '" 

Letter frcjni Ilenr)' llialsted, (jf Sorby Jh'idge, Yorkshire, 
England, to Ezekiel Norlhend, husband of his sister Etlnah 
at Rowley in New haiglaud. 

"Loveing Ihother after ni)' love reniend)ered to you and to 
my sister hopeing you are in good health as I am for whicii 
prased be g(nl. I have changed my condition since I wrote to 
you the last time for 1 am maryed to one susan hold;s;ate an hon- 
est woman one that feares god for which prased lie god. 

I have receaved )()ur letter with some mony whereby I un- 
derstand mony is scarce with )Ou but I desire you to send me 
uhat \-ou can the next }ear ether in mony or commodities but 
this will be lost to me but if \(.ni can get no other I slvall be con- 
tent to beare it but I pra\' )ou send what you can the next yeare 
for 1 now have more need of it than [ had and if there come none 
into tlU'se parts to send it as you did to Mr. Sanmell Carter at 
lUackwell hall in London we li\e with my uncle James yett but I 
know not how long \onr uncle Lsark Starbie (?) and an: 
Edna is well and your cosens is well ( ' ) is well and marv 

they remember their love to )-ou ni)- wife hath sent you a sma'l 
token ( ) pence I pra)' )ou let me here from you as 

Sonne as you can I rest \'our Lovcing Brother 

Henry llalsted. 
Sister I pray remember the snak skins 
tor my ant Edna. Remember me to llem"y 
March the 29 1652. 

Tn his deare and loveing Rrother 
Ei'ekiel Northen at Rowley in 
Newingland this dd " 



I am not used to niakinj.,^ .speeches, but I want to say that I 
l:ave sold, given away or e.xchangetl most all of the first edition 
ot my book concerning the Riciiarcl Dailey family, and I slundd 
like to have a part of this book re-printed, especially the parts 
covering the Bailey famil)- and the Inhabitants of Grovcland. If 
any here are disposed, I should like to have them contriljute 
enoug-h to secure a new edition of that part of the book. After 
you get out the list of members, I will endeavor to send around 
a circular and ask all who are willing to contribute toward-. 
that object. 


Mr. Chairman and Friends of the Bailey-Bayley Family 
Association : 

I understand I was called on at the beginning of this meet- 
ing. At that time I was trying to find a breeze to get over from 
Marblehead to the Willows. We didn't find much breeze so we 
just drifted here. 

You have asked me to speak of the Baileys in England. I 
do not kno^i' a great deal about the Baileys in England, but 1 
could follow the remarks of the President very closely, for some 
of the n'ames mentioned in his address are familiar from the fact 
that I have run across them in one way and another. Personally 
my own family came from Yorkshire. I was born myself, how- 
e\ er, in Bolton, Lancashire, and il think I have the honor of 
being the only one of our branch of the family who has come to 
this country. Coming here when a boy I started out to forge my 
\\a)- ahead and make a ])lace or at Kast a living in this new couiv 
try amid new surroundings and better oi)portunities for getting 
on in life. 1lie Bailey familw however, let me sa\ is (piite numer- 
ous in the (jld couiUry. Tlu' family that I belong to left \'orksliire 
and went to Kirkland, Lancashire, near Bolton and occujned a 
large farm there that was owned b)' the famil}-. On my grand- 
father's death, whose name I bear, the farm was sold and the 
family moved to Bolton. They were and are very extensive 



crockery dealers. If any of you in travelling in Lancashire 
should happen to stay over night in Bolton, just step into the 
uiarkLt place. it is one of the most heauliful niarkrt huildings 
1 think I ever saw, and you will find these Haileys having tla-ir 
stalls in the market. They have also extensive warehouses in 
the town of Bury where they carry on an extensive crockery 
business supplying the retail trade all through that section of 
Lancashire, d'hey are all business men; I canntjt recall one in 
professional life. 

Voted that all the collection not needed to defray the ex- 
penses of the meeting be sent to i\lr. Withington in England to 
be used for the purpose of lot)king uj> the iSaileys in England who 
were the ancestors of the Baileys who canie to this country. 

The exercises closed wi'th singing by all present of one 
verse of America. 


Extracts from several earl)- English wills obtained through 
Mr. Lothrop \Vithingto4i, showing some of the iJaileys 
living in Wiltshire and vicinity in the early part of the sev- 
enteenth century. 


Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Register '•Montague," i6o.?, 

folio 35. 

I December, 44 Elizabeth, John Bayley, Master of Artes 
and Eellow of Saint Mary Colled^e of Winchester in the Univer- 
sitie of Oxford, comonlie called Newe Colledge. To be buri -d 
in St. Mary Colledge of Winchester, by dear friend Mr. 
Edward Burlie, in South Side of Cloesters or where wartl- 
en and societie think expedient. Of few goods in token of dew- 
tiful reg-ards I owe and zeal and love I leave to Sainte Marie col- 
ledge of Winchester, in Oxford, for my education in the fear of 
Ciod these manye yeares, I give to the said colledee one Vur 
t<'guc and two span Rialls to be put in the treasurie where lying 
unknowne and unscene saving of sworne men, not as plate which 


on S()lcni])nc (kiic-s is (jpcnl) showed sell i^reedie minded men 
on t)er lo pull dow ne C olledi^es w i>liiu,L;" llial each fellow whose 
al)ilitie shall ser\e him heller would easle in ailer the same 
sorte of theirc sui)erlluilie, which reserved accordinj^' to Statute, 
laithfullie may supplie the wants of future times (if anie shalhe 
which god forbid) without lossc either in weight or fassion. 
/\llso I give to the said colledgc to be laid in the same place, one 
j-aper book bounde redil with gilded leases of three (piier the 
fore I'arte (jf which may containe the jiames and gifles of our f(n-- 
mer great benefactors the latter the names a/nd giftes of such as 
shall, after my examjde caste into the treasury of their substance 
their mites. Also I give to the said Colledge to be cliained in 
the Comon Librarie "I'hilo Judeus, fol. medicas res vctrcs lat- 
inas, tris vol. fol. "Theophrasti TaraLselsi, Ch\rur: mag: fnl' 
"Donati Anthony ab Altonrari opuscul: fac: I'ract Ilruelli una 
cum tabulis censu anatom. V^aluenda, fol. "or in their stede 
anie other books to their value in my studie which the sub-ward- 
ens and Deans for the time being jointlie with my cozen William 
and iMr. Samuell I'.ailie" etc. "Stcondlie 1 give to St. Marie 
Colletlge of Winchester, nere Winchester in token of my hrst 
grounds of truthe and religion learned there under the right 
Reverende ff;ither in (iod, Thomas now ny>hoi)]) (jf that sea for 
the librarie there. "The founders lyfe sett forth by I.). Alartine 
and Thoni'as Aquinatis Sunnn fol." To uncle Mr. Robert 
Stone of London best cloke and ring with my arms. To mv 
god cosens Mrs. Kmnie Covent, Mrs. Barbara Cole, Mrs Marie 
Preston. Martine Aylesvvorth eldest son and Antlujnie Ayles- 
worth youngest son of cozen Anne ios.---each for rings. To 
cozen Waller llaile, h^S(| . my herding peece, poucheetc. als(j 
"Chroni Carionis tribus volunm" To cozen Raj)he Hailie Mas- 
U-r of .\rles and fvlUjw of St. Mary (;f Winchester, ( ).\ford 
rernelii o|)vr 2 V(dum zanchij, duo vol fol. Doctor .Mlworlln- 
"Saunor and Valriole Con. com. fol: Residue to Sister Margar- 
et Webb of Devizes, but if she die before me 1-2 to her two soimes 
John anil William and olher half lo h:mds of eozt'u Afr, Willii'in 
Hailes of F.astone and oncol .Mr. Robert .Stone of I,ondou lo !)e 
distributed one half to daughter of Sister Aunn b)- her hr^l bus- 


band Nicholas Passion ot' Wcsthurir. It an)' marvel wh)- I i^ivc 
all to sister Margaret, if lixinj^ with no nicnti(jn of any otluT l)c- 
inj^'' she is ilcar and nearer to nie al\va\s ruled by nie whereas 
reste would ne\'ei" so nnic as recjuirc ni) advi>e . ( )lhei" half t(; 
sisters Mart^aret's sons if AYilliani Uailie and Robert Ste)ne think 
them worthy. Rely on cozen William as executor is illiterate 
and cannot read, etc etc Notes and written hand books to be 
bound other books to be sold for jxjore schollars and for execn- 
tri.x. l'r(j\'en ii Ma\ \(y.>2. Administraticjii 20 |ul\-, i6o(j t(j 
John Phillips of Devizes in place of Alarj^aret Webb als Phillips 
execut, deceased . 


Richard Bayly of Pchilhampton, co. Wilts, yeoman; dated 
29 March, 16CJ8-9. 

I desire to be buried in the parish church of Kchilhampton 
I becjueath to Elizabeth m\' wife, one joined bedstead, with bed- 
('ing— -to William P>ayly, my son, 180 pounds. Residuary lega- 
tee and executor--— my st)n Richard Ha)ly. Overseers :---my 
friend Mr. Edward Nich(jla,s of Alcaniuf^es, co . Wilts, Escp, 
Robert I5ayl)' of Echilhampton, yeoman, and Brian Hay ward of 
Puttney, yeoman. 

(Si<;ned) Rychard P.ayl)e. 
Witnesses:— John Neale of Cote, carpenter, his mark; Robert 

Wayte, scrivener. Proved, 19 April, 1610, by the executor 

named. .Archdeaconi)' of Wilts, (tiled jjapers), 19 April, 


15 May, 161 7. 

Alice Baylie of Gotaker ])arish of lielmerton, Wilts Co.-- 
Widow. To be buried in Church yard of lielmerton. Tv> 
daui^hter Joan Purr i flocki' bed bolsti'r sheets 20 shillinj^s etc. 
(jf 3 ])onn(ls. son-in-law John (iibbons oweth 4 shillings to his 
wife .Alice my daughter. 20 slnllin^s to 3 children of John 
and Alice (iibbous viz. John, Joan, and l^deth 6 shillings S 
pence each. To said Alice Gibbons a smock bird, cloth, etc. 


ot.:. To the (laujuhtcr Joan aforesaid pillow bearc. To claui;h- 
ter ]'^li/.al)L'th Cowley 20 sliilliiis^s etc, lo Jon son of said I'Jiza- 
heth Cowlcv a pcwtier ])latcr ami ti> Ivicliard son of diUo my rus- 
sctt cloak. To I-dizalx'th the daui;hter of my son John liailey 
I coffer, etc. 'l"o .\_^ne^ lludanj^hrer of said son John Ikiile)' 
I Avastcott. etc d"o all i^randchildren except to childnii of 
danghtcr Alice (iihhons aforesaid, i. e. /to 7 children (»f son 
John. 3 children of my son WMlliam. The 4 children of my 
daughter Joan I'urr to 2 children of my daughter idizaheih 
Coolye— to 4 children of my daughter Agnes ( hen. dec. to 3 chil- 
dren of my daughter Oathrine Silverthorne. dec. 1-h1. each and lo 
Margarett, wife of my son William P>ailyie ud. Rest to son 
William Baylie. Executor. Overseers, friends and neighbors-- 
Peter Banard and William Richings. 
(Witnesses illegible .) 

Provtd I Oct. 1622. Consistory of Sarum ImIc 1622. lu- 
\entory 26 April, 1622. 67. 19s. 

Alice Bailes- Malmesbnry, w'uUnv . To son . in . law I^lmond 
Hart of h'oxlev. To son. in. law R(d)ert Watts and Alice hir, 
wife To son. in. law John Stevens and I'dizabeth his wife and 
children J(jhn. etc. son. in. law Wm. CoUen deceased and chd- 
dren William Katharine, JdIui and .Mice. l'diza])eth daughter of 
son in law John l)av\s. John and Richard son of sou John 
liailey and daughter hdiz. Bailey To 4 daughters Alice Watts. 
Elizabeth Stexens— -Margaret l)av\ s---auil Jane Hart. To Isaac 
Latymer To Alice I'helps and .\bram ITy and (ieorge Sjjur- 
ring. Son in law John Davys executor 

Proved 1621 . 
Archdeaconry— -Wilts. I'ile 21. 

J()ll.\ P.AILI'A'. 
S Jul\- i62t;--- 

J(jhu I'.ailey, the elder, Malmesbm-}-— Wilts . husbandman. 
To wife Susasanna iiyiley house and garden for life, then to 



I'Uk'St sun John liaik')' for lifr. llicn to cuiizcn |ciliu llaik'N' son ot 
my son John Ikiik'v. 

]f son J(j]in liaik'v (k) not like this w in---housL' after di-ath ol 
wife Susanna to i;() to son Rohcrl llailc)- i>a\ iiii^' 20 shilHni^s--- 
each to my three sons Jolm-kdu ard and William To Sonne 
ixichard llailey I2(l. To daughter Marj^ery i _'d . To daugh- 
ter Alice my er(x-k. etc. To sonne William a kettle etc. Rest to 
wjfe Susan execut(jr . 

]'ro\ed 10 /\])ril 1630. 
Aiohdeaconrw Wilts. I'ile jS. 



I'.tOU— fcllCi. 



The Ninth Gathering 




The Colonial Club, 20 Qulncy Street, Cambridge. Mass. 
July 25th, 1902. 

American-Sun Publishing Company, 

Lawrence, Mass. 



Business Meeting 3-22 

Address of Welcome 4 

Report of Secretary 6-15 

Eighth Gathering 6 

Previous Gatherings S 

Report of Treasurer 15 

Report of Committee on Genealogy 16 

Memoir of Stephen Bailey 18 

Officers Elected 20 

Initiation Fee and Annual Dues 21 

Original Ode 21 

Banquet and After-dinner Exercises 23-61 

Address of Mr. George Edson Bailey 24 

" <' J. Whitman Bailey, Esq .26 

" " Mrs. Edward M. Bailey 32 

" "Dr. Stephen G. Bailey 36 

" " Hollis R. Bailey, Esq 41 

" " Mrs. LydiaB. Newcomb 43 

" Mr. Elmer Smith 15ailey 4Q 

" Mrs. William H. Thorpe 54 

" Mrs. Milton Ellsworth 57 

" Hon. Charles O. Bailey 60 


Edwin A. Bay ley Frontispiece 

J ohn Alfred Bailey 8 

James R. Bailey i6 

Rev. Augustus F. Bailey 22 

Hollis R. Bailey 30 

J, Warren Bailey 36 

Eben H. Bailey 42 

William W.Bailey 48 

Dudley P. Bailey 54 

Andrew J . Bailey 60 

Account of the Ninth Gathering 

OF TH15 



The Colonial Club. 20 Quincy Street. Cambridge. Mass- 
July 25t.h. 1902. 

The ineml)ers of the Association began to £;atheP at the 
Chib House soon after lo o'clock A. M . , and were cordially 
welcomed by the officers and the following ushers: Mr. John 
T. Bailey, of Somerville, Mr. Frederick Bailey, of Lowell, and 
Mr. John Alfred Bailey, also of Lowell. 


The meeting was called to order at ii o'clock A. M., by 
Edwin A. Bayley, Escj., of Lexington, President of the 

The exercises opened with the singing of "America Our 
Fatherland," by a quartet composetl of i\Irs. Eben H. Bailey, 
of Boston, Soprano, Aliss Ella S. I'^iske, of Clinton, Alto, Mr. 
Frank D. Bayley, of Boston, Tenor, and Mr. Berton O. 
Wetmore, of Boston, Bass. They were accompanied on the 
piano by Mr. Eben H. liailey, who composed the music t<j 
which the song was sung. 

Prayer was offered by Dudley P. Bailey, Esq., of Everett, 
after which the President of the Association delivered the 
following address of welcome: 



Members of the Bailey-Baylcy Family Association, Ladies 
and Gentlemen: — 

As president of our association it becomes my pleasant duty 
to bid you all a most cin'dial welcome here loilay, to this our 
Ninth Family Gatherins^. 

It certainly augers \vell for the continued life and usefulness 
of our associaticjn, that this mecliuj;' is s(j well attrnded, 
occurring" as it does at a time when many are absent on their 
vacations. The cause is not, however, far to seek, for it lies 
in the fact, that the work of the association has proven its 
wiorth, and we hoi)e it \\ill continue to grow and prosper until 
the history of every branch of the family has been accurately 
tiaced and permanently recorded. 

The committee of arr.;uigements have this year made quite a 
departure from the course pursuetl by previous conuuittees in 
at least three particulars, namely, the time, the place and the 
form of progranmie of this gathering. The time of holding 
our previous meetings has been several weeks later in the sea- 
son, from August 8th t(^ Se])tember 6th. We decided to 
have it earlier this year, In^ijing thereby to secure the attend- 
ance of some who usually have been absent on their vacations, 
and also in the 'hope of having fair weather, for each of our kist 
three meetings have occurred on rainy days, and in bcjth of 
these particulars wc have been favored this year. 

The places of our previous meetings have been selected with 
reference to localities more or less intimately connected with 
the Bailey name and history . This was particularly true of 
Andover, Rowley, Ch-t)veland and North Scituate. This year 
the place of gathering is selected to accommodate all who reside 
in localities centering in Boston, and your attendance here today 
we construe as an ai)proval of our selection. 

The progranimcs of o,ur previous meetings, including both 
the business meeting ami the literary exercises, have entirely 


preceded the dinner. This year, the business meeting alone 
precedes the dinner, and the Uterary exercises will occur in 
connection with the dinner. Of the success of the new 
arranj^ement we have very little doubt. 

So while our changes may be quite raidcal, your kind 
co-operation bids fair to make them successful for this year 
at least. The suggestion of Cambridge and this club-house 
as the meeting-place of our association is due primarily to our 
secretary, Mollis R. Bailey, Esq., who has, as we all well know, 
been foremost in \\i?e and happy suggestions for the good of 
the association from its very inception and birth, and to whose 
untiring efforts the success of the association is largely due, 
and I feel that 1 only voice the unanimous sentiment of all 
who are in any way acquainted with the work that he has done, 
in expressing to him our sincere and hearty thanks. 

I realize that I ought not to take up more of the time of the 
meeting. I hope, however, you will pardon me if 1 call your 
attention to some things which have been accomi)lished by our 
association since its organization in August i8y2. In t'hc 
first place, nine well attended meetings have been held Vvhi.h 
have resulted in the formation of pleasant acciuaintances and 
friendships which will be as lasting as life itself. Second, a 
book of genealogy has been published of "J'^lm Bailey of 
Salisbury,'' "James Bailey, of Rowley," and "Ihomas Bailey of 
Weymouth" and some of their descendants, ncjt entirely com- 
plete, but very creditable as well as valuable, and added to this 
is the collection of a large fund of facts and information which 
will later be published, and with the book, already issued, will 
form a permanent and lasting record. 

You will agree with me that these results are worth while 
and that a work so well begun should be faithfully and zealous- 
ly pursued by all and not permitted to languish or fail, for it is 
well said, that those who take no interest in their ancestors, 
wull care little for their descendants. Let us see to it that 
this can never be truthfrlly said of uny of the Ikiiley name or 
blood, and having thus received an honorable heritage from 


our ancestors, may we transmit it untarnished to those whu 
succeed us. 

Again extenchng to you a cordial welcome, I invite you to 
heartily join in the Inisiness and ijloasures oi this gathering. 

The President then called upon the Secretary of the Associa- 
tion for his report, which wa^ as follows- 


The last gathering of the Association, being the eighth, was 
held at Salem Willows, Salem, Mass., August 8, icjoo. The 
presiding officer both at the business meeting and at the 
literary exercises was Dudley P. Bailey, 1^2sq., of Everett, 
Mass., President of the Association. There were nearly one 
hundred persons present. The weather as usual was rainy. 
Of those present seven were from New Hampshire, one from 
Connecticut, one from Pennsylvania, one from Ohio, one from 
Illinois, one from Iowa and one from Florida. 

The following ^vere elected officers: President, Edwin .A. 
Bayley, Esq., of Lexington, Mass.; Vice Presidents, Mr. 
George Edson Bailey, of Mansheld, Mass., Hon. Horace W. 
Bailey, of Newbury, Vt., i\ir. Milton Ellsworth, of Rowley, 
Mass., Col. Edwin W. M. Bailey, of Amesbury, Mass., Mr. 
William H. Reed, of South Weymouth, Mass. ; Trea.^urer, Mr. 
James R. Bailey, of Lawrence, Mass.; Secretary, Mr. Hollis 
R. Bailey, of Cambridge, Alass., all being ex-officio members 
of the Executive Conunittee. The following were electetl a-> 
additional members of the Executive Committee: Mr. John 
Alfred Bailey, of Lowell, Mass.; Harrison Bailey, Esq., of 
Fitchburg, Mass. ; Mrs. Edward M. Bailey, of Ashland, Mass. ; 
Mr. Eben li. Bailey, of Boston, Mass.; Dr. Stephen G. 
Bailey,, of Lowell, Mass. ; Hon. Dudley P. Bailey, of Everett, 
Mass.; Mr. Charles F. Bailey, of Lawrence, Mass.; and Mr. 
George N. Bailey, ol Lynn, Mass. Auditor, Mr. Walter E. 
Robie of Waltham, Mass. 


Tile sum of $io was appropriated to send to Mr. Lathrop 
Withing'ton for continuing- research in England and the ad- 
ditional sum of $7.00 \v;as subscribed by three members for the 
same purpose. 

As a part of the Literary exercises the gathering had the 
pleasure of hearing two recitations by Miss Martha llawling 
Bailey, Teacher of Oratory at Ohio Weslayan University. A 
full account of the exercises has been printed together with 
several early Bailey wills and letters from England, and the 
same are for sale. The price is fixed by the executive com- 
mittee at 50 cents which about covers the expense of printing. 


Since it was voted to issue to each member a certifioate there 
have been issued in all some 220 certificates. Of tihese 6 are 
for life membership. It is probable that quite a number of 
members have not yet received their certificates owing to their 
failure to send their proper address to the Secretary. The 
Secretary will be glad to hear from any who are without 

Thirty new members have joined the Association since the 
last Gathering, which indicates that the work of the Associa- 
tion is appreciated and that a healthy interest in it still exists. 


The Secretary has on hand for sale reports of each of the 
eight gatherings except the first, of which there was no sep- 
arate report printed. The price of these reports is 50 cents 
each . 


There still remain for sale about 75 copies of the book of 
genealogy, price $2.50. 

The Treasurer or the Secretary will fill any orders which 
■ may be given. The total cost of the Book of Genealogy w,as 
about $600, all of which has been paid. 



It may be interesting at this time to have some account of 
the earlier meetings of the Association. 


The first meeting of Baileys was held at Canobie Lake, N. 
H., August 15, 1893. The moving spirit of the occasion was 
Mr. John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Mass. 

In the Spring of 1892 the many notices which appeared in 
the New England newspapers advertising various family 
gatherings suggested to Mr. Bailey the idea of a Baiky 

During their summer vacation Mr. Bailey and his wife were 
visiting Mr. and Mrs. Moses C. Page (his mother was 
Ruthena Bailey) at Windham, N. H. The matter of having 
all the relatives of the Bailey name and blood come together 
was talked over, and plans were made for a gathering to be 
held the following sunmier. All who were consulted were 
enthusiastic in their approval. 

In the spring of 1893 Mr. John Alfred Bailey had circulars 
printed, and mailed to all who had manifested an interest, 
announcing that the gathering would be at Canobie Lake, 
Windham, Salem, N. H., August 15, 1893. 

The Notice was also published in many New England news- 
papers . 

Mr. Abel Dow very generously gave us the use of his grove 
and buildings. The day was showery. 

A part of the day was given to sociability, the greeting of old 
friends and the making of new acquaintances. In the middle 
of the day, when most of those present had taken shelter from 
the rain in one of the buildings, the gathering was called to 
order. There were about 200 present, the states of Maine, 
New Hampshire and Massachusetts being represented. The 
principal address was by the Rev. Augaistus F. Bailey of 
Bradford, Mass., a descendant of Richard of Rowley. 

i ^ 1^: 


I'MUsi' 1'i;i;sii)i;n 1 ni' i iik association, 


A permanent organization was effected by the choice of the 
following- as officers: — 

President, John Alfred Bailey of Lowell. 

Vice-President, Rev. Ant^ustus F. Bailey of Bradford. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey of Lawrence. 

Secretary, John T. Bailey of Somerville. 

The foregoing- officers were made ex-olficio members of an 
Executive Committee or Committee of Arrangements and the 
following were elected additional members: 

Rev. Vincent Moses of West Newbury. 

Hollis R. Bailey of Cambridge. 

Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of Rowley. 

Orrin D. Bailey of Lakeport, N. H. 

Luther Bailey Rogers of Patten, Me. 


The name "Bailey-Bayley Family Association" was adopted 
as the name of the organization. 


The n&xt meeting was held a year later on August i6th, 
1894, at Shady Side Grove, Flaggett's Pond, in Andover, 
Mass., the proprietor of the Grove, Mr. S. Gilman Bailey, having 
kmdly tendered the free use of the grounds and buildings for 
the occasion. The weather was perfect. The air was cool 
and bracing and the sky was never clearer or of a deeper 
blue . 

Over one hundred were in attendance mostly descendants of 
Richard and James of Rowley. 

The President of the day was Hollis R. Bailey of Cambridge. 
The principal address was that of the Rev. Augustus F. Bailey 
of Bradford. 

The following officers were chosen for the ens-uing year: — 

President, Rev. Augustus V. Bailey of Bradford. 

Vice Presidents, Hollis R. Bailey of Cambridge, and J. 
Warren Bailey of Somerville. 


Treasurer, James R. li-ailey of Lawrence. 

Secretary, John T. Bailey of Somerville . 

Committee of Arrangements or Execntive Committee, John 
Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Rev. Vincent Moses of West New- 
bury, Orrin D. Bailey of Lakeport, N. H., Mrs. A. E. 
Dolbear of Medford, and Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of Rowley. 

The following- committee on genealogy was choscii: Rw A. 
F. Bailey for the Rioliard of Rowley Branch, Hollis R. Bailey 
for the James of Rowley Branch, and Mrs. Milton Ellsworth 
for the John of Salisbury Branch . An interesting feature of 
this meeting was the exhibition of a tree or chart on a single 
sheet showing all that was then gathered of the James of Row- 
ley Branch. In the printed report of this meeting- there was 
reproduced a Bailey coAt of arms taken from a book entitled 
"Reminiscences of a Nonagenarian" by Sarah Anna Emery. 



The third meeting of tiie Association wias held in the Congre- 
gational Church at Groveland, Mass., August 15, 1895, Grove- 
land being formerly a part of Rowley and the home of many 
of the third generation of the James and Richard Branches. 

This was one of the largest and most interesting meetings 
ever held by the Association. Over 270 persons were present. 
The weather was satisfactory. The President of the Associa- 
tion, the Rev. Augustus F. Bailey, having- died May 22, 1S95, 
J. Warren Bailey Esq., of Somerville, was selected as President 
of the day. 

At this meeting the organization of the Association was 
further perfected by the adoption of a permanent Constitution 
and suitable By-laws . 

A memoir of Rev. Augustus F. Bailey prepared by John 
Alfred Bailey was presented and resolutions were adopted ex- 
pressing the high esteem in which he was held by all who 
knew him. 

The principal address was by the Hon. William H. Reed 
of South Weymouth and treated: First, of John Bailey of Sal- 


isbury and liis descendants; second, of Rev. John Bailey of 
Watertown, Mass., and his brother Thomas; and third, of 
Guido Bailey of Salem, Mass. 

Genealogical charts were exhibited showing portions of the 
James and Richard Branches, and a small portion of the John 
of Salisbury Line. At the close of the forenoon exercises a 
photograph was taken of the entire gathering. The afternoon 
exercises were held at the Pines on the bank of the Merrimack 
river. Among- otlier interesting addresses the paper read by 
Mr. Alfred Bailey of Salisbury on John Bayley's cellar 
especially noteworthy. All descendants of John of Salisbury owe 
a debt of gratitude to Mr. Alfred Bailey for his research re- 
sulting in the discovery of the first abiding place in New 
England of John of Salisbury. 

The ofificers elected at this gathering were as follows: 

President, Hollis R. Bailey. of Cambridge. 

Vice-Presidents, J. Warren Bailey of Somerville and George 
O. Shattuck of Boston. 

Secretary, John T. Bailey of Somerville. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey of Lawrence. 

For Executive Committee John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, 
Eben H. Bailey of Boston, William 11. Reed of South Wey- 
mouth, Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of Rowley, and Dr. Stephen 
G. Bailey of Lowell. With the report of this gathering was 
reproduced another pjailey coat of arms taken from Barry's 
History of Hanover, Mass. 


The next meeting was held August 19, 1896 at Rowley, the 
ancestral home of James and Richard iKiilcy, the two brothers 
who came from England a1)out 1640 and lived and died as 
neighbors in the town of Rowley. The exercises were held 
in the meeting hou>se on the south side of the Common at 
Rowley centre. The President of tlu- A.^sociation acted as 
chairman. The weather was raiii)' and the attendance was 
about 100 persons. Tiie following motto was adopted as 


suitable to express one of the prominent IJailcy traits of 
character: — "Semper Fidelis'' — Always Faithful. 

The principal address was by Albert Poor, Esq., of Andover, 
his theme being a consideration of the motives which governed 
the early settlers of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colon- 
ies in their civil and religious matters. At this meeting we nxide 
oxir first real acquaintance with Thomas Bailey of Weymouth 
and his descendants. 

To Mr. William H. Reed of South Weymouth is due the 
credit of unravelling the tangled threads makin,g up the &arly 
history of this Branch of the Baileys. 

An original poem by Mrs. Elizabeth S. Emerson Bailey of 
Maiietta, Ohio, of the Thomas of Weymouth line was read. 

The sites of the old homesteads in Rowley where James and 
Richard lived were both marked and were visited with interest 
by most of those attending the meeting. The birthplace of 
the Rev. Jacob Bailey still standing was another point of 
attraction. The fallowing were elected officers: 

President, J. Warren Bailey of Somerville. "' 

Vice-Presidents, Eben H. Bailey of Boston, and John T. 
Bailey of Somerville. 

Secretary, Hoillis R. Bailey of Cambridge. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey of Lawrence. 

Executive Committee, John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Dr. 
Stephen G. Bailey of Lowell, Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of Row- 
ley, Wm. H. Reed of South Weymouth, Georgie Edson Bailey 
of Mansfield, Albert Edward Bailey of Rowley and Wm. W. 
Bailey of Nashua, N. H. In the report of this gathering is 
printed a copy of the will of Thomas Bailey of Weymouth, 


The next meeting was held Sept. 6, 1897 (Labor Day) at 
North Scituate Beach near the homestead of Jolin Bailey of 
Scituate. The exercises were chiefly in commemoration of 
Thomas Bailey of Weymouth and his descendants. 

The presiding officer was J. Warren Bailey, Esq., of Somer- 


ville, the Presfdent of the Association. The weather was 
pleasant but hot. There were nearly 200 present. The 
homestead of John of Scituate was suitably marked. An in- 
teresting- address concerning the Bailey Pioneers of the North- 
west Territory prepared by Miss Lucy Denison Bailey of 
Marietta, Ohio, a descendant of Thomas of Weymouth was 
read by Mr. Wm. H. Reed. Henry T. Bailey, Esq., g-ave 
an interesting account of the Baileys in Scituate, and Edwin 
A. Bayley of Lexington presented a historic sketch of Gen. 
Jacob Bayley of Newbury, Vt. 

The doings of Capt. Miles Standish at Wessagusset or Wey- 
mouth in 1623 as set forth in verse by the poet Longfellow 
were given as a recitation by Miss Beulah E. Bailey, a de- 
scendant of Thomas Bailey of Wessagusset. It is interesting 
to note that possibly this Thomas Bailey was an eye-witness 
of the massacre of the Indians by Standish and his army of 
seven men in 1623. 

The following officers were elected: 

President, Eben H. Bailey of Boston. ^ 

Vice Presidents, Wm. W. Bailey of Nashua, N. H., and 
Dudley P. Bailey of h^verett. 

Secretary, Ilollis R. Bailey. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey. 

Executive Committee, J. Warren Bailey, John Alfred B»ailey, 
Wm. H. Reed, Geo. Edson Bailey, Wm. E. Robie, Dr. 
Stephen G. Bailey, and Edwin A. Bayley. Auditor, Charles 
W. Bailey. 


The next gathering was held August nth, 1898, at Willow 
Dale Grove, Tyngsboro, Mass., in the new Pavilion of the 
Messrs. Bowers. 

The weather was rainy and the nuntber present was about 
75- Eben H. Bailey, the President, acted as chairman. 

The most important nv.itter discussed was the printing of a 
book of Bailey Genealogy containing all that had been gath- 


ered of the James of Rowley, the John of Salisbury, and the 
Thomas of Weymouth Branches. 

The principal address was by the Hon. Horace \V. Bailey 
of Newbury, Vt., on Richard of Rowley and some (jf his de- 
scendants in Vermont. 

The Report of this meeting contains a copy of the will of 
Richard Bailey dated in 1647. l^*^ signed his name to this 
will "baly" with a small b. 

The following- officers were elected: 

President, Hon. Wm. W. Bailey of Nashua, N. H. 

Vice Presidents, Dudley P. "iTailey, Est] . , of Everett, Geo. 
Edson Bailey of Mansfield, Edwin A. Bayley of Lexington, 
Horace W. Bailey of Newbury, Vt., Wm. H. Reed of South 
Weymouth . 

Secretary, Hollis R. Bailey. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey. 

Executive Committee, Eben H. Bailey, John Alfred Bailey, 
Walter E. Robie, Harrison Bailey and Plenry T. Bailey. 
Auditor, John L. Bailey. 


The next gathering was held August 10, 1809. at Tyngsboro. 
The weatlier was rainy and the attendance about 75. 

The President, Wm. W. Bailey, having died June 9, 1899, 
Dudley P. Bailey, Esq., of Everett, Mass., was chosen as 
president of the day. 

The matter of furnishing members with certificates of mem- 
bership was considered and it was voted to have certificates 
prepared. The Connnittcc (jn (lenealogy ex]u"l)iled advance 
sheets of Parts I and H of the Book of Genealogy. 

The By-laws were amended increasing the number of the 
executive comndttee and prc;viding for the issuing of certifi- 
cates of Life Membership on payment of the sum of $5.00 in 
lieu of annual dues. 

The principal address was by the Hon. Horace W. Bailey 


of Newbury, Vt., his subject being genealogy in general and 
Richard and his descendants in particular. 

The officers elected were as follows: — 

President, Dudley P. Bailey, of Everett. 

Vice Presidents, Edwin A. Bayley of Lexington, George 
Edson Bailey of Mansfield, Horace W. Bailey of Newbury, Vt., 
William H. Reed of South Weymouith and Milton Ellsworth 
of Rowley. 

Secretary, Hollis R. Bailey. 

Treasurer, James R. Bailey of Lawrence. 

Executive Committee, Eben H. Bailey, John Alfred Bailey. 
Dr. Stephen G. Bailey, Harrison Bailey and Mrs. Edward 
M. Bailey. Auditor, John L. Bailey. 

In the report of this gathering was printed a copy of the will 
of John Bailey of Salisbury, dated Sept. 28, 1651 . He signed 
by making his mark being in his last illness. His name is 
written "Bayley." 

Upon motion, the Secretary's Report was duly approved. 

The President then called upon the Treasurer of the Asso- 
ciation for his report, which was in substance as follows: — 



To annual dues, sale of reoorts of annual gatherings, 
sale of copies of Bailey genealogy, life member- 
ship fees,, contributions to defray investigations in 
England, etc., for the past two years $448.92 


■By publication of Bailey genealogy, printing reports, 

remittance to England, postage, etc., $408.16 

Balance to credit of Association $ 40.76 

i6 treasurer's report. 

Upon motion, the Treasurer's report was duly approved, 

The auditor, Mr. Waher E. Robie, of WaHham, reported 
that he had examined the accounts of the Treasurer, and found 
the same correct. 

The President then appointed a Committee composed of 
Mr. J. Warren Bailey, of Somerville, Mrs. Arvesta B. Lyon, 
of Lawrence, and Mr. Warren Bailey, of Concord, New 
Hampshire, to present nominations for olhcers for the ensuing- 

'While the Connnittee was making up a list of nominations, 
the President called for the reports of any Committees who 
were ready to report, and Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., Chairman of 
the Connnittee on Genealogy, presented the following report: 


The publication of the Book of Genealogy not only niade 
•available in convenient and permanent form all the genealogical 
inforniiation collected up to the date of its issue concerning 
the families of James of Rowley, John of Salisbury and Thomas 
of Weymouth,, but also served to awaken a good deal of in- 
terest in the history of these branches. 

Different members of the Association have taken up the 
work of research and have given the Committee the fruits of 
their toil. 

I wish first to make mention of the assistance rendered by 
Mr. Thomas Bailey of Camp Point, Illinois. Mr. Bailey is 
with us today and I am glad to be able to express to him on 
your behalf the thanks which are his due . I hold in my hand 
manuscript containing a complete account of the descendants 
of Thomas Bailey, born Feb. 14, 1746 (a descendant of John of 
Salisbury) compiled by liis gramlson Thomas Bailey now of 
Camp Point. Y''ou will hardly believe me when I tell you Mr. 




lH'j:i— llWl. 


Bailey was horn Oct. 8fh, 1817, and is now in his 86th year. 
Mr. Bailey wrote nie Sept. 12, 1901: — "I have also to say that 
if your society should conclude to print in my lifetime you can 
draw on me for one liundred dollars towards paying expense of 
printing." Is there not some member of the John of Salisbury 
liranch who has the time and enthusiasm and patience 
needed to compile a complete history of that j^art of the f'.imily? 
Such a book with suitable illustrations would make a volume 
of at least five hundred pages, and I hope the time is not far 
distant vvdien we shall see the work undertaken. Mr. Thomas 
Bailey was one of the early settlers of Camp Point, 111., and has 
lived there over sixty years. AI:)out a month ago his friends 
and fellow townsmen joined in a reception given in his honor 
to express the respect and esteem felt for him by them. I 
have a printed account of this reception and have read it with 
great interest and i)leasure. Mr. Bailey has held many 
oflfices of honor and trust and may well feel proud of his long 
and useful career. We are glad to have him with us today 
and wish him many years of health and prosperity. 

We are also m,uch imkbted to' Miss Sarah l'\ Bailey 
of Grinnell, Iowa, for a complete account of Enoch Bailey and 
his descendants, Enoch being of the James of Rowley line. 
Miss Bailey has also sent me a good deal of other historical 
n)atter all of which is filed for future use. 

Miss Bailey has never been able to attend a meeting of the 
Association but we have no member more enthusiastic or in- 
dustrious in the work of gathering genealogical matter. In 
recognition of her work I desire to move that she be sent a 
certificate of life membership in this Association. (It was so 

Mrs. Edward M. Bailey wuth the assistance of Miss 
Charlotte H. Abbott of Andover, has compiled a full account 
of Daniel Bailey and his descendants of the John of Salisbury 
line,— Daniel being a son of Jonathan Bailey and Susanna 
Trull Bailey. Mrs. Edward M. Bailey has also sent me con- 
siderable matter for the James of Rowley line. All that is 


received is carefully marked and preserved against the time 
when a new and complete edition of the present book may 
hereafter be printed with each part enlarged into a separate 

There is one branch of the family concerning which we k'now 
as yet but very little, viz., tlie branch of JOHN BAIL.EY OF 
HADDUM, Connecti(nit. This John Bailey, or Bailie, was 
born about 1630 and died in 1696. He was at Hartfurd, 

Conn., as early as 1656 and was one of the original settlers 
of Haddam, Conn., in 1662. 

We had hoped to have one of his descendants here today t') 
tell us about that branch, bi;t have been disappointed. 

Your Secretary, besides being a descendant of James of 
Rowley and Thomas of Weymouth, is also a descendant of 
William Bailey of Newport, R. I.,- — this \Villiam of 
Newport as early as 1655. I have one of the few copies ot 
a book ]>ublished in 1895 by Mrs. Hannah C. (T'aile}') 
Hopkins giving an account of this William and some (J hi,-, 
descendants. We had hoped to have Mrs. Hopkins here to- 
day, but she was obliged to send regrets . 

We have already as members a few of the descendants of this 
William of Newport and hope to know more of this branch of 
the family. 

On motion, this report was accepted and placed on file. 

Mr. Bailey also presented the following Memoir of 
Stephen Bailey, late of Salem, New Hampshire, prepared by 
Mr. John Alfred Bailey, of Lowell. 


Through the death of Mr. Stephen Bailey of Salem, N. 11., 
the Bailey-Baylcy Family Association loses one of its ftanch 


supporters, a:id a representative Bailew a man whose whole 
Hfe exemplified our motto, "Always faithful." 

He was born Feb. 23, 1820, in Salem, N. li., on the spot 
where he died. Some years ago he bought the old Bailey 
homestead in that place and added to it the two Lowell estates 
nearby, making in all a farm of about 300 acres. 

He was without much doubt of the l^iohard Bailey of Row- 
Icy branch, although, after considerable search, I have been 
unable to find his name in .\lfred Poor's book. 

He married Hannah Maria Cluff of Salem, N. H., who was 
born June i6th, 1823, and was a d'.iughter of John and Maria 
Cluff. She still survives him. 

There were two children born to them, Osmon C, born 
Feb. 7. 1850, who lives in Chelsea, and is a member of the 
, firm of Lowell Bros, and Bailey, doing business as General 
Commission Merchants and wholesale dealers in foreign and 
domestic fruits at 73 and 75 Clinton Sts., Boston, Mass.; and 
Medora E., born April i, 1856. 

Li politics Stephen Bailey was a life long democrat; in re- 
ligion a strong Universalist. 

He was Representative to the State Legislature for one term, 
and Selectman for several years. His business was that of a 
shoe manufacturer at Salem, N. H., until he reached the age 
of about fifty, when large factories and increased competition 
made business in the old way no longer jirofitable. He was 
very industrious,, and amassed a considerable property, pro- 
ducing a comfortable income, buit in later years he met with 
heavy losses. 

He was a man of strong character, very tenacious of purpose, 
always prudent, but withal honest and upright, with an untar- 
nished reputation. 

He was passionately lond of inusie and for many years was 
the leading bass singer of his town. His interest in the art 
did not abate with his declining years. 

In connection with this notice of Stephen Bailey's death we 
note that his brother, David Bailey, died in Champaign, 111., 


some four or five years since. David began life penniless but 
became a man of great wealth, having, it is said, >i fortune of 
upwards of a million dollars. 

We note also that about six weeks before Stephen Bailey's 
death his sister Elizabeth Bailey died in Salem, N. H. 

It was voted that this memoir be placed on file. 

The Committee on Nominations, having completed its duties, 
then made its report as follows: — 

Hon. Andrew J. Bailey, of Boston, Mass. 


Col. Edwin \V. M. Bailey, of Amesbury, Alass. 

Charles O. Bailey, of Newbury, Mass. 

Rev. Nathan Bailey, of Peabody, Mass. 

Horace W. Bailey, of Newbury, Vermont. 

George Edson Bailey, of Mansfield, Mass. 

James A. Bailey, Jr., of Arlington, ^lass. 

William P. Bailey, of Maiden, Mass. 

William H . Reed, of South Weymouth, Mass . 

James R. Bailey, of Lawrence, Mass. 

HoUis R. Bailey, of Cambridge, Mass. 

Walter e" Robie, of Waltham, Ma^s. 


John Alfred liailey, of Lowell. .Mass. 

Edwin A. Bayley, of Lexington, Mass. 

Ih". J^tepJKMi C Bailey, of Lowell. Mass. 


J. Whitman Bailey, of Boston, Mass. 

Airs. Gertrude E. Bailey, of Ashland, Mass. 

Dudley P. Bailey, of Everett, Mass. 

iMrs. Abbie I'". Ellsworth, of Kcnvley, Alass. 

Eben H. Bailey, of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Anna vS. Bailey, of Lowell, Mass. 

Elmer S. Bailey, uf Boston, Mass. 

Harrison Bailey, of Fitchburg, Mass. 

On motion, the same was accepted and the nominees duly 

The President then called for any matters of new business, 
and the question of increasing the initiation fee and the annual 
dues from twenty-five cents, the present fee, to fifty cents was 
presented, and after an interesting discussion, in which quite 
a number of the members took part, it was voted to increase both 
the inujation fee and the annual dues to fifty cents each, and 
that each member on paying his or her dues would be entitled 
to a copy of the report of the gathering for the periud covered 
by such dues. The clear sentiment of the meeting seemed 
to be that a wider distri])ution of the printed reports of the 
gatherings would tend to increase the interest in the work of 
the Association, and w.-is, therefore, very desirable. 

There being no further matters of business to be considered, 
the meeting adjourned after the singing of the following Odo 
composed by Mrs. Ilollis R. Bailey, of Cambridge, which was 
sung by the gathering to the tune of "Fair Harvard." 


Tune, "Fair Harvard." 

Neath the shades of old Harvard we gather today 
To exchange friendly greetings once more 
And to draw inspirations from Learning's lair fount 
With its memories clustering: o'er. 


As we think of the wise, of the brave and the good 
Who have trodden these paths of old, 
May our hearts i^ain new courage to meet and to bear 
Whatsoever the future may hold. 

Fair Harvard ! enrolled 'mongst thy sons in the past 

May be found more than one of our name, 

Who lived his life bravely and wisely and well, 

A "Ivnight without fear, without blame." 

And so, may this name, through the ages to come 

Untarnished as ever appear; 

And in the Great Scroll of the future be writ 

In letters all shininy and clear. 




Shortly after one o'clock the Association took possession of 
the large dining-hall of the Club house, which they filled to 
ovcrilowlng . The President of the Association presided at 
the banquet, and grace was invoked by Rev. Nathan Bailey, 
ot Peabody. The next two hours were spent very enjoyably 
by every one as far as could be observed, as all seemed to be 
desirous of contributing their share to the pleasures of the 

I'owaids the close of the banquet a canvas was made of those 
present, and it was found that there were one hundred and 
thirty-one seated at the tables. Naturally the larger numbers 
were from Massachusetts, but there were also representatives 
from New Hampshire, Connecticut, Canada, Pennsylvania, 
Ohio, Illinois, Missouri, Wyoming and. the District of Colum- 
bia . 

Shortly after three o'clock the after-dinner exercises were 
opened with the singing of "The Mariners," by Mrs. Eben H. 
Bailey, Mr. Wetmore, and Mr. Frank D. Bayley. 

The President of the Association, before introducing the 
speakers of the afternoon, read letters of regret at not being 
able to be present from Hon. J. W. Bailey, U. S. Senator 
from Texas, Col. E. W. M. Bailey, of Amesbury, Hon. Henry 
Turner Bailey, of Weymouth, Hon. Horace W. Bailey, of 
Newbury, Vermont, Henry Baily, Esq., of Boston, Mrs. Han- 
nah C. Hopkins, of ^Providence, R. I., Mr. Chester Tyler 
Sherman, of Washington, D. C, and Mr. I{l)enezer b . Jjaile} , 
of Fitchburg-. 


The President stated that it had been planned to have a 
biief address on each of the several branches of the family in 
this coiimtry, including" Tliomab of Weymouth, John of SaH^- 
bury. James and Richard of Rowley, John of Uaddnm, Ccn 
necticiit, and William of Newport, R. I., and wliile the plan 
had not been realized witTi reference to the two last named 
branches, it had been as to the other four; and as the first 
Bailey to arrive in America, so far as there is any authentic rec- 
ord, was Thomas of Weymouth, it seemed proper to have his 
branch of the family presented first, and the President called 
upon j\lr. George Edson Baiiey, of Mansfield, one of his de- 
scendants in the eighth generation, who responded in the fol- 
low ing; address: 


Thomas Bayley, Sr., of Wessagussett, was the first by the'e of Bayley that we find settled in New England. We 
have no record of when he came or how he came, but he was 
very early in Wessagussett and had preempted land some years 
prior to the incorporation of the place as Weymouth in 1635. 
The location of his house and the boundaries of his land, in- 
cluding his wood land, are still tracable. 

. He was a prominent and very useful man of the town of 
Weymouth and held many public offices . Probably his wife 
was not living at the date of his will, as he makes no mention 
of her, and we know nothing of her. He lived to a good old 
age and died in 1861. He had at least four children, but it is 
through his oldest son, John, father of John of Scituate, that 
most of us of the Thomas of Weymouth branch trace our 

John Bailey of Farm Neck, Scituate, went to Hanover, 
Mass., and his descendants have been both numerous and in- 


fiuential, taking prominent parts in the military, political and 
religions events of their day. 

The fonrth John lived at H-anover and became the colonel 
of a regiment in the Revolntionary War and was personally 
thanked by Washington for his bravery. 

The fifth John was a Quaker preacher, and it was said of him, 
that Friend Bailey would spiritualize a broom-stick, lie 
seems to have been an inventive genius, as he made a clock 
when he was only twelve years old, and in later life originated 
many mechanical devices for using steam. He prophesied, 
that in fifty years the mode of travel would be by steam. 

The sixth John was also an inventor and a man of pro- 
nounced principles. He was a contemporary of Garrison and 
Phillips and was a conscientious abolitionist. 

Joseph, the second son of John of Scituate, married Jerusha 
Adams, and inherited the homestead which has continued in 
the family through six generations. • ■■ " 

Seth Jr., a descendant of Joseph, born in Easton, Mass., 
was one of the pioneer settlers of Ohio. At the time of his 
death he was one of the most esteemed citizens of Washington 
County. His granddaughter. Miss Lucy Denison liaik-y, has 
contributed interesting and valuable information to this as- 

Benjamin, another son of John of Scituate, went to Marl- 
boro, Mass., and liis descendants settled in Natick, Lancaster, 
Berlin, Pelham, Shrewsbury and other towns near by. 

Samuel,, youngest son of John of Scituate, settled in Mans- 
field about the time of his father's do-dh, and located about a 
mile from where I now reside. He brought this cane with 
him and it has always been understood that it was brought 
from England by our first ancestor. It has been in the pos- 
session of the family ever since. Samuel's ^on Abijali, my 
great grandfather, bought the farm in Manslield on which I 
now live, and since that purchase, if you count my ohildrcn and 
grandchildren six generations of Baileys have lived there. 

My father, with the aid of Mr. James Bailey, many years ago 


prepared a family lice of the John of Scituate branch. Since 
this Association was organized, I have talked with my aprd 
Aunt Caroline, a sister of my father, who recalled the names of 
several in the imnietliatc family uf John of Scituate, and re- 
membered hearing- her grandmother speak of the family. This 
aunt died only four years ago. Roth she and her grand- 

mother lived to be over one hundred years old. 

Since I have become connected with the liailey-Bayley h'amily 
Association it has been my privileg-e to become personally 
acquainted with many of the descendants of John of Scituate, 
some of whom reside in Massachusetts and others in Oh'o. T 
know from what 1 have learned and seen of them, that they 
are men and women of modest}' as well as ability and judg- 
ment. They include many who have been successful in bii- 
iness and professional careers. That the family is patriotic 
is proved by the large number of Baileys \\(ho have b^eu in- 
fluenced by hrm convictions to sacrilice life and treasure to 
principle, and who have taken active and prominent parts in 
cause of Liberty and Union. 

John of Scituate must have had an ideal home and family. 
His farm, which was beautifully situated on the shore of the 
Atlantic, contained 175 acres, and was considered the finest 
farm in Plymouth County. Family reunions were no doubt 
frequent at th'e old homestead and naturally recollections of the 
old home and home-life lived long in the hearts of his children 
and his children's children. 

The next branch of the family to reach America was John 
Bailey of Salisbury, and a very interesting and valuable outline 
of this branch was presented by J. Whitman Bailey, Esq., of 
Boston, one of his descendants in the tenth generation. 



John Bailey Sr. of Salisbury, who came in 1635, was second 


among the three original settlers of the name to arrive in New 
England. Thomas of Weymouth appears at some uncertain 
date prior to this, while Richard of Rowley arrived some three 
years later. No relationship between these three original 
pioneers has yet been established. John came from Chip- 
penham, England, and the manner of his arrival was more 
romantic than of the others, as he was wrecked at ancient 
Pemaquid, now Bristol, Maine, in the great storm of August 
15th, 1635. It is worthy of note that the figures of our 
earlier ancestors assume, as years roll by, an importance per- 
haps hardly deserved. Our own John of Salisbury, weaver by 
trade, was a very humble person, the occupant of a solitary log 
cabin on the bank of the Merrimac; just such a cabin as is 
readily seen today in the wilds ol Maine or Quebec. Yet as we 
view this probably worthy citizen on the distant horizon of a 
by-gone age, the customary appelation ""John of Salisbury" 
sounds somewhat grandly in our ears. It is as well we are 
getting all real facts into print, or our descendants of the tenth 
generation to come may, under the wondrous enchantntent ot 
the distant retrospective vievvi, place poor John, the weaver, too 
high among the founders of our American Commonwealth . 
Sometimes we have acquired our genealogical data only by 
slow and patient research, sometimes a whole line of descent 
is at once made clear. Thus, within a month, we have been 
kindly and unexpectedly furnished by Mrs. Wni. II. Thorpe of 
Arlmgton v;ith one complete chain of descent to date from 
Joshua Eailey, a son of James of our fourth generation. 

An interesting account of John Bailey Sr., and his de- 
scendants may be found in the address of W. H. Reed Esq., 
in the phamphlet issued by the family association for 1895. 
See also the addresses of Rev. Vincent Moses, of Prof. A. E. 
Dolbear, and of Alfred Bailey, in the same pamphlet. Edwin 
A. Bayley, in the accoimt of the lifth annual gathering, 18*^7, 
deals more particularly with the Vermont branch of the family. 
John Bailey's will, dated August 8th, 1651, is given in the As- 
sociation's pamphlet for 1899. 

John Bailey, Jr., came to New England with his fat'her and 


subsequently settled in Newbury. By his wife Eleanor, 
daughter of John Emery, he had eleven children. It may in- 
terest the Association to know that the largest family anywhere 
mentioned in the genealog-y is that of William Bailey of the 
James of Rowley branch, which numbered seventeen, seven 
sons and ten daughters. The history of the first four gen- 
erations of the John ui Salisbury branch seems little more than 
a chronicle of births, deaths, marriages and places of residence, 
no member uf the family appearing to have risen nuich above 
the common level. In the filth generation, however, we find 
two striking figures, the Rev. James Bailey uf Weymouth and 
Gen. Jacob Bailey of Newbury. The Rev. James was our 
second Harvard man, graduating in 1719. He served his 
pastorate in Weymouth, much beloved by his people. It was, 
however, rather by his general good innuencc and long service 
as a preacher, extending over forty-three years, that he became 
of note, rather t'han by any special achievements. Far dif- 
ferent from the cjuiet career of the Rev. James was that of 
Gen. Jacob Bailey, perhaps the best known of any descendant 
of John of Salisbury. An excellent sketch of him is found 
in Wells' History of Newbury, Vermont, where he is mentioned 
as "one of tjie neglected patriots of the Revolution.'' He 
s.acrificed a large estate in the service of his country, about 
$60,000 for which he received no return, although due applica- 
tion was made to Congress, Many and thrilling were his 
adventures, especially his escape from Fort William Henry just 
before the dreadful massacre following its surrender. He was 
said to be equally distinguished for his talents, his patriotism 
and his piety. His descentlants are proposing to erect a 
monument to his memory, a tribute of respect already too long 

In the s'.xth generation we find a few more Baileys deserving 
special mention, either because of their attainments, or by rea- 
son of outside events tending to make otherwise normal lives 
picturesque. Several, children of Gen. Jacob had successful 
militar}' careers, especially Joshua, who was successively, cap- 


tain, major and lieutenant colonel in the Revolution. He was 
town representative from Newbury, Vermont, at various times 
between 1791 and 1809. Anotbcr son, James, served in the 
Revolutionary war, and was taken to Canada as a prisoner, 
there remaining until the close of hostilities. After a life cjf 
startling adventure and hardships he met a violent death in 
1/84, some say by foul means, others as the result of an acci- 
dent. We also find Deacon Nathaniel Bailey, son of the Rev. 
Jame? and his wife Sarah, described as one of the most impor 
taut men of his day in Weymouth, where he was born in 1732. 
He was a soldier at Crown Point in 1755, and captain in the 
State militia, as well as an active member of his church, in 
which he held the oflice of deacon. In 1774 he was a delegate 
to the first Provincial Congress of Deputies in the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay. 

Comparatively few descendants of John of Salisbury in the 
seventh generation became men of note. Abner Bailey, 
grandson of Gen. Jacob, became a prominent citizen and large 
land owner of Newbury, Vermont. He was thrice married. 
Samuel Bailey, son of Deacon Nathaniel, became a soldier in 
the Re\oluti(3riary war and captain of a horse company; also 
holding the rank of major -in the State militia. Isaac, son of 
the Rev. Isaac of Ward, now Auburn, Mass., and of his wife 
Elizabeth Iimerson Bailey, graduated from Brown University 
In 1810. lie became editor of the Rhode Island Literary 
Messenger and author of the United States Naval Biography. 
The spelling of tlie family name was changed by him from 
"Bay'' to "Bai," a change regretted by some of his descendants; 
for it should be remembered that John of Salisbury and his son 
John the original settlers spelled their name "Bayley." 

Douibtless I have omitted names worthy of s[)ecial mention 
in this brief commentary on our first seven generations, bi't 
many gaps in the genealogy yet remain to be filled, and many 
lives therein but biiefly toiuched upon may hereafter be more 
fully outlined . 

Newbury, Massachusetts, may be considered the ancxnt 


cra'ile of thii> branch of our family. During the third and 
fourth generations several Baileys settled in Roxbury. Joseph 
Bailey of the third, and Sarah Bailey of the fourth generation 
removed to Arundel, Me'., where the former was killed by 
Indians. An important migration was that of Isaac Bailey 
of the fourth generation to Lebanon, Connecticut, wlv^n-e. and 
in adjoining towns, numbers of his descendants have lived down 
to recent times. I have seen it stated, however, that all his 
descendants now bearing the Bailey name, have removed from 
the vicinity of Lebanon. During the fifth generation we find 
many Baileys about Newbury, Mass.; some in Roxbury, Wey- 
mouth and Tcwksbury. Ai this period the Rev. Abner fjailev 
removed to Salem, N. H., where he preached for the long 
term of fifty-eight years. Yet more important was the migration 
of Gen. Jacob Bailey from Newbury, Mass., to Newbury, Ver- 
mont. He has been aptly termed the father of the hitter 
place, and was one of the original grantees. In the sixth gen- 
eration John Gidding, Joshua, Ephraim and Capt^ Jacob 
Bailey all made a similar change of domicil from Newbury, 
Mass., to Newbury, Vt., which thus became of great geo- 
graphical nnportance in our family's history. Smaller migra- 
tions have occurred from time to time, like that of the Rev. 
Isaac Bailey to Ward, now Auburn, Mass., but seldom hav.' 
these branches taken such deep root in the new soil. Speaking 
very generally, I think the descendants of John of Salislniry. 
before present conditions of life began, were much attached 
to the few above mentioned places of their adoption. At pres- 
ent the peculiar concentration of population in cities a phase 
of modern life not difficult to understand yet probably 
abnormal, has its influence upon our family, and the rural 
Baileys, like others, are leaving their farms. We are some- 
what indebted to this movement for our large representation 
here today. 

Of the family progress in the present century it becomes 
more difficult to speak. There is a wider divergence from the 
common stock, a relationship less close between the spreading 






branches, while the members of each particular branch have 
far more intimate knowledge of their own line than any re- 
mote collateral could have. It is therefore not because there 
is more to be said, but solely on account ui my more intimate 
knowledge of the facts, that I confine my ctjncluilinj^ remarks 
to that line of descent with which I am most closely connected. 

A love of nature and scientific research has been the most 
marked trait in the descendants of Isaac Bailey of Ward, Mass., 
and his wife Jane Whitman, a trait, I think, mostly inherited 
from the Whitman side. Their oldest son, Jacob Whitman 
Bailey entered tlie Military Academy at West Point in 1828, 
serving in the army as lieutenant at Old Point Comfort, Bel- 
lona Arsenal and Fort Moultrie. He soon received the pro- 
fessorshi]) of chemislr)' and geology at his Alma Mater, a 
position truly congenial tcj him. In the botanical world he 
soon won a distinctive jjlace, Dr. Gray, in his Synoptical 
Flora, calling him "the pioneer in nncroscopical research in the 
United States." Unfortunately he rarely enjoyed perfect 
health, vind Ijereavement caused by the loss of his wife and only 
daughter on the burning .steamer Henry Clay near Yonkers, 
an event whicJi occurred almost exactly 5oyoirs ago today, gave 
him a shock from which he never rallied. He died when forty- 
six years of age, about two months before he had expected to 
enjoy the chief honor with which his scientific labors were to 
be crowned, that of presiding at the meeting of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, held in Montreal 
in the summer of 1857. His eldest son Samuel gave promise 
of a successful scientific career, but died at an early age. His 
only remaining cliildren, Loring Woart and V\'il'icim Whitman, 
both followed in the paternal footsteps along the path of 
science. Loring, in 1862, shortly after graduation from Har- 
vard, became professor of various branches of natu.ral history 
in the University of New Brunswick, a position he still occir, ies 
after a continuous service of forty years. In 1882 th^ Marquis 
of Lome appomtcd him a charter member of the Canadian 
'Royal Society, an institution founded tliat year, a colonial copy 


of the Royal Society of Enc^lanJ. William Whitman Bailey has 
been Professor of Botany at Brown University since 1881 and 
has found time for numerous botanical and other writings in ad- 
dition to his academic duties. Ik- recently received the htjn- 
orary degree of Doctor of Laws at the Centennial Celebration 
of the University of New Brunswick, which he attended as 
delegate from I'.rown. In the next generation in this branch 
some scientific traits again appear, but it is too early to forecast 
the probal)le future of its more youthful members. 

In conclusion I may say that what seems to me most satisfac- 
tory al)out the Bailey family in general is its steady forward pro- 
gress from an ancestry originally mostly very hiuiible and dif- 
ficult to trace. Berha]>s it is better tiius than to be able to 
look back, as with some families, upon long lines of distin- 
guished people who>e deeds the representatives of the present 
generation may be unable to emulate. A rise and fall of fam- 
ilies, sometimes by degrees, sometimes spasmodic, seems, as in 
the case of nations, to be a law of nature, but my expectati.-n 
is that many years must elapse before the Baileys reach ihcii 
highest level. Certainly there is but little doubt that the 
average standing of the present generalion, both in bu-iiKss 
and social life, is somewhat above that of any tjiat has gone 
before us. 

The founder of the third branch of the family in this coujitr} 
was James Bailey of Rowley, and the following interesting out- 
line of him and his descendants was presented by Mrs. Edward 
AI. Bailey, of Ashland, the wife of Edward Mansfield Baiky, 
one of his descendants in the eighth generation. 



Some one has remarked that the Bailey-Bayley people are 
not candidates for special commiseration, although some of 


them have but one "i" and others none . I feel it to be true 
when I see such a goodly gathering- of the clan . 

I have been asked to tell you what little I knowi concerning 
James Bailey of Rowley, one whom w e arc glad to honor today 
as the worthy founder of a worthy race. Investigations are 
in progress in England which, it is hoped, will throw definite 
light "upon the history of this family. It is assured that tin- 
Bailey race had an early rise, and became wide-spread and 
somewhat notable in England, and Wales, as well as upon the 
Continent. Of those who came in the early days of New 
England, we may say they were persons of good character, 
sound sense and judgment, upright, vigorous, and enterprising, 
never too conspicuous or aggressive, but ever faitthful to duty in 
whatever form presented. 

James Bailey, born about 1612 in England, came to Rowley 
in the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1640, and joined the 
little company of Rev. E/ekiel Rogers who had settled tliere in 
1638. It appears these people labored together and in com- 
mon for five years, no man owning any land individually until 
after they had cleared up considerable land on both sides of a 
small stream, tind laid out streets. The time of the laying out 
of house lots is not known, but it is certain that James Bailey 
was living iu Rowley as early as 1641 and soon after had land 
laid out to him along with some sixteen other families wdio had 
moved into town and joined the sixty who had made up Mr. 
Rogers' original company. The record of this grant is;" To 
James Baley one house lott containing an Acre and a halfe 
lying on the north side of Edward Sawer's house lott.'' At 
the same tmie it is recorded that he was granted two acres of 
salt marsh, one acre of rough marsh, and four and a half acres 
of upland, and later on other grants and i)urchases are recorded 
to iiin-. james Bailey's house stood on the east side of Pleas- 
ant St. in Rowley Village, on land now owned ])y Mr. Charles 
li . Todd. Some of you who were present at that delightful 
Bailey Reunion held at Rowley, August 19, 1S96, will remember 
that this sile was marked by a placard. 


Neither the father nor the mother of James Bailey are knowfii. 
He was a brother ol J<ichard Bailey who as some say had com-* 
from Yorkshire, England, in 1638 in the ship "Bevis." It Is 
not known with certainty, however, from what part of England 
James and Richard cune. although there is some reason to be- 
lieve they may have been originally of Wiltshire. They may 
have been younger sons of -ome English squire, who by custom 
and of necessity were frequently tumbled out of the home nest 
and disposed of in the army or navy or in business. The wife, 
of James Bailey was Lydia. He died in Ivowley in 1677 being 
buried on August loth, of that year. His estate was appraised 
for L 586., a considerable fortune for those times. His wife 
survived him, and died his widow in 1704. The church record 
of her death readj: "The widow aged good sister .liayly, 
Alass! died April 29, 1704." 

James and Lydia had eig'ht children, six sons and two 
daughters . Their descendants are mostly from the two sons 
John and James. John died in the 1690 Expedition to Can- 
ada. The church record calls James "honest neighbor." 
The other sons probably died before the father. 

It appears that James Bailey was early a person of good re- 
pute in the town, acquiring property, town office and influence, 
and his son married into the prominent iVlighill family. Tin- 
Baileys became and remained people of signal importance. In 
every generation some one of them rose to distinctive place. 
They a hjind in every war, and in times of peace won suc- 
cess in the varying employments of life. The families were 
not especially large, but they were a long lived, well-built, 
handsome folk, and had gravity and goinl sense, — were fortu- 
nate in their marriages, staunch in politics, self-centered and 
methodical. James, Joseph and Mary were favorite names 
among them, but hardly one of them was ever known as Jim 
or Joe or Molly. Their intellectual and human s)mpathics were 
wide, and their integrity sterling. The family, may be con- 
sidered a typical New England one, fairly representing the 
fortunes of the descendants of most of the settlers who came 


early to our shores, and helped to change the country from a 
wilderness to - garden. Much hard work and little recompense 
or lecreation was the lot of the pioneers whose children have 
since reaped the fruits of their endeavors. 

Because the naine of Bailey has been associated with that 
of Rowley since the first settlement of the town, Rowley has 
always been considered the American home of the Baileys, bur 
the sons and daughters of this race are now wide-spread, and 
foremost in all the worthy work and aims of life. Later gen- 
erations of the family have not confined themselves to New 
England, but are found from Alaska to the Gulf, from Maine 
to Mexico, in the Sandwich Islands, and from Atlantic to 
Pacific shore. The Merrimac Valley has a large proportion, 
old Andover claiming many with Salem, Lyndeboro, Manches- 
ter, N. H., Lawrence, Bradford, Methnen and Haverhill 
closely following. 

Time permits only a passing allusion to illustrious members 
of this famil)-. Full and interesting accounts are given in the 
various reports of the Association. An account of Rev. Jacob 
Bailey, "The Frontier Missionary,'' of Pownalboro, Me., and 
later of Annapolis, N. S., is in Essex Antiquarian, May, 1897. 
also in 1895 Bailey Report. Lieut. Samuel Bailey of An- 
dover is sketched in report for 1894. Henry Blanchfield 
Bailey's account of the Battle of Santiago appears in 1898 re- 
port; sketch of Wm. W. Bailey of Nashua, late president of 
the Bailey-Bayley Association appears in 1899 report; Baileys 
of Note are given in 1900 report, and an interesting article upon 
the Baileys in Rowley is found in 1896 report. 

It may be interesting to some to note that the celebrated 
Hood Stock Farm of Tev^ksbury and Andover occupies ter- 
ritory once the seat of the original Bailey settlers in Andover; 
perhaps also it is not known to you all that one of the most 
accomplished ladies of the present day Baileys is deaf and 
dumb, and her husband has the same affliction. In conclu- 
sion I can only add that this race is tall and sturdy, and many 
of its women have been notably beautiful. Some few have 


achieved distinction. I'^roni the beginning may be noted 
the family trait of sticking fast to what is believed to be right, 
under all ciicimistances, and at all costs. 

The fourth branch uf the family was founded by Richard 
Bailey of Rowley, regarding whom the following interesting 
address was presented by Ur. Stephen G. Bailey of Lowell, 
one of his descendants: 


If I were a clergyman and opened this discourse in due form, 
with proper text, it might be Ezek. 37:3, "and he said unto me, 
Son of man, can these bones live?" This is our query today, 
this our ofhce, to infuse life into the dry bones of the past, 
to so lay on the sinews, flesh and skin, to so vivify tihem with 
the breath of life that there shall stand before our minds some 
sort of verisimilitude, some little glimpse of the man of 200 or 
300 years ago. It is a worthy study, the life, fortunes amd 
surroundings of those who so early preceded us. It is a 
serious, a difhcult task to turn from the life we Hve and assume 
the position of a pioneer on our once bleak and inhospitable 
shores. The men of this remote period were making history, 
not writing it, and the knowledge of our Richard is very brief 
and incomplete. He is said to have come from Yorkshire, 
Eng., som« time from 1630 to 1638. He is represented then 
as a lad of some 15 years, a very pious person, called on to 
pray for the safety of the ship during a storm encountered on 
the passage; and it was indeed a little ship if it was the Bevis 
of 150 tons as reported. He was one of a company to in- 
augurate at Rowley tlK> first cloth mill in America. His 
death occurred between 1647 a" J 1650. llijw niuch is crowd- 
ed into these brief headlines! a boy of tender years we should 
say to launch forth from home and friends, leaving "Merrie 
England" for the hard, rough life of the new world so soon after 


ForUTll I'KKslDKNl' ill' TlIK Assi iCl A TION, 



the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth. lie was serious beyond his 
years even for those days when tlie rising- generation learned at 
their mother's knee to suffer and to act for o])inion's sake. 
It seems he was a spinner or a weaver,, bringing to the new 
land the handicraft of the old, striking out from the first on 
independent lines that should make this valley of the Mer- 
rimac known throughout the textile world. ()ur Richard 
died a youmg man, aged 33 to 35 years perhaps, just in the 
young Hush of middle life . Was he of delicate mold ? Was 
some accident responsible for the early demise, or was the 
untiniely cU atli the result of the strenuous anxiety and wear 
ing toil which accompany the life of a pioineer? 


Cliarles the ist rendered England an undesirable home at 
tile time of our Richard's exit. The struggle between King 
and Parliament was long and bitter. The exactions of t' 
King were ruinous to the individual as well as the state. 
Monopolies ground money from the people for the needs of 
the King, and illegal judgments from corrupt judges oppressed 
the land. Religion under Archbishop Laud largely usurped 
the powers of civil government, k^reedom of conscience was 
overthrown and the Puritans driven from the kind they desired 
to benefit and uplift. From such a harrying came our Rich- 
ard. In ten years, from 1630 to 1640, some 20,000 English 
men and mainly Puritans, came to New England, although 
many afterwards returned. What must it have been to our 
Richard, mere stripling with the heart of a nuan, to tear him- 
self from old associations and seek his fortune here. So far 
as we know he had no relative near, though his brother James 
followed him, presunxibly about 1640. Richard is said to have 
came from Yorkshire where during the war of the Common- 
wealth were fought the battles of Marston Moor and of Naseby, 
both memoral)le contests in the struggle for freedom. From 
such a land, at such a time, did our Richard hail. Shakes- 
peare, brilliant star of the k^lizaln-than age, was just sunk below 


the western horizon . Cromwell, the valiant sun of the com- 
monwealth, was just looming- up in the East. The names 
Di Wentworth, Pym and Hampden still Uve in the hearts of 
freemen. Ah! but these sug:gest fascinating- times and 
themes that tempt us to linger as we turn from the land 
where our Richard was born to 


Rowley was founded in 1639 by Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, A. B. 
and A. AI., a Puritan, a man of piety and ability. We, are 
told that the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers landed at ,Salcm and may 
assume that from this port also our young Richard in turn 
pushed along the shore to Rowley a worthy member of the 
company that Gov. Winthrop complimented as "Godly men 
and most of them of good estate." How much the early set- 
tlers of Rowley valued their citizenship is shown from the fact 
that one of them traveled on foot to Cambridge, 40 miles, to 
take the oath of a freeman and thereby qualify himself to vote. 
This is the Cambridge at which we are today assembled, where 
in 1636 was established the Harvard College, now so grandly 
in evidence. Here the early fathers laid the foundations of 
learning when yet the tirst smoke was barely curling from the 
rude hearth stones of their hasty cabins. While these earlv 
settlers sought freedom for themselves we must allow them un- 
willing to concede full liberty to those who differed from them 
in thought. Still they showed a vast improvement over the 
England they left. A compilation of laws for the Colony 
of the Bay was adopted in 1641 called the Body of Liberties. 
By this ..ode 12 offences only were declared capital, while in 
England at the same time some 150 crimes were punislnblc 
with death. The shrewd character of the Bay settlers, of 
which Rowley was a part, appears when we remember that 
they brought tiie royal charter with them on coming to New 
England. This was their authority for self government. 
The King intended that the charter should remain in the home 


land. Once here *it ga\e the settlers a large measure of 
self government for many years. 


The conrrolling motive of our Richard's exodus is plain . 
He sought not wealth, adventure nor fame, but freedom of 
conscience, of worship, of civil life. He fled from a tyrannical 
King, a church that would cast each thought in its own iron 
mould and compel obedience by torture and death. Richard 
sought freedom as the poet sings of the refugees of this 

"Amid the storm they sang, 

And the stars heard and the sea, 

Ami the sounding aisles of the dim woods rang 

To the anthems of the free." 


While one may easily compass a tiny brooklet, measure and 
bound it, the matter is more difficult as the brook and streta.m 
succeed the parent thread. The task of confinement or careful 
consideration in detail becomes impossible as the swelling river 
is lost in the wide sea, mingling its currents with those of many 
another tributary. 

Our Richard, dying, left one son, Joseph, who was a leading 
man in state, church and army; a selectman in Bradford and 
a deacon from the formation of the church there till his death. 
Joseph in turn left eight sons and daughters, a rapid increase, 
a large geometrical j)rogrcssion. There follows a bewildering 
and ever increasing avalanche of names from them to us. 
Among these it would be invidious to attempt discriminati(jn. 
Unless they are of special and minute interest to us because 
we may trace directly back to them as individuals they are but 
names, names, names. Their biographies are very brief at the 
best and must perforce be studied in the gross. The Merri- 
mac really from source to ocean is a lovely, inviting country, 
watered by a beautiful river. If the early Richard showed 
good sense in choosing this region for his first settlement, his 


descendants are no less to be commended lor cling"ing to so 
goodly a lieritage. I'or many of the earlier years, l>radford, 
Haverhill, Groveland, Aielhuen, Newbury, Dracut, Salem, N. 
11. and other towns within a narrow circle record the abiding 
place of the growiing With increasing days the ad- 
vancing wave of settlement encroaches more and further on 
the receding fore^it and New 1 laui^jshire, Maine and Vermont 
claim representatives. Strange modern cities and states early 
undreamed of are i)eo|)lcd by Richard's children, even to 
foreign parts and the ends of the world. l>ut for the most 
part the valley of the Alerrimac river has been the chief 
dwelling place of the descemlants of Richard of Rowley. The 
storm of colonial wars did not sweep Rowley like some other 
parts of New England. This was on the sea coast, withdrawn 
from the highway of travel, rather a sheltered nook. The 
Pecjuot war of 1636 did not reach her boundaries. King 
Philip's war, 40 years later, was ^uvther to the west. We may 
well suppose that the terror of the Indians and of l%ance was 
not unknown in Rowley. The various w'ars, of King William, 
Oueen Anne, and King George must have drawin a due quota 
of soldiers to defend homes more exposed, or, to. attack the foe 
in his own stronghold. We kiiow that the shadow of the up- 
lifted tomahawk and the warhoop of the savage foe came 
perilously near in 1697 when Hannah Dustin of Haverhill 
played more than a man's heroic j^art. The annals of our 
fathers as transmitted to posterity are meagre and barren. No 
storied urn or animated bust preserve their remains or repro- 
duce the lineaments of features long since faded from earth. 
No magnifjcence of a Westminster Abbey lays them dead with 
the kings and mighty of earth, for their humble hillside graves 
are often Uiumarked even by the rude slate headstones and 
death's head of the period. Would you see their monun-uents ? 
We reply as the Roman matron who, when asked for hx^r jewels, 
pointed to her children, "circumspice,' look around you. 
Their virtues live in the memories of their descendants. 
I^ertile fields, busy cities, changing industries, are living mon- 

Ui nji'-.jjM 

•<.:<;•!-, !<; (•; 


uments of the work of our fathers. With whatever high ideals 
they strove still they buikled better than they knew. 

"O God beneath thy guiding hand 
Our exiled fathers crossed the sea; 
jAnd when they trod the wintry strand 
With prayer and psalm they worshipped Thee. 
Laws, freedom, truth and faith in God 
Came with those exiles o'er the waves, 
And where their Pilgrim feet have trod 
The God they trusted guards their graves.'' 

At this point„ in respoinse to a request for music, Mr. Berton 
O. Wetmore sang- the "Stein Song," by Bullard, with the other 
singers joining in the chorus. 

The President stated that as the Association met this year 
almost within the grounds of Harvard College, it seemed hig'hly 
fitting that reference should be made to those members of the 
family who were graduates of the College, and he called upon 
Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., who responded as follows: — 



We have met today, as it were, in the midst of the grounds 
and buildings of Harvard College, and it seems fitting that a 
word should be spoken of those members of the famiily who 
spent their early years here in obtaining that learning and men- 
tal training which should fit them for the ministry, or possibly 
some other learned profession. 

Previous to the year 1700 only one Bailey was -a Harvard 
Graduate, and he spelled his name Bayley . I refer to the Rev. 
James Bayley, grandson of John of Salisbury . He was born 
in Newbury, Sept. 12th, 1650, and was graduated from the 
College in 1669 at the age of 19. He was one of a Class 
of 10 graduites. He was a classmate of Daniel Gookin 


• . 

(afterwards College Librarian and a member of the Corpora- 
tion.) He married Mary Carr and was a minister of the 
gospel first at Salem Village (now Danvers) and next at Killing- 
worth, Conn. He finally moved to Roxbury where he was a 
practicing physician, as well as a preacher. He died June i8, 

During the next century, 1700-1800, there were 12 Baileys 
who were graduates. Three spelled their name Bailey; six 
Bayley, and three Baylies. 

Since 1800 there have been 33 of the family name who have 
obtained degrees at Harvard. 

I have only time to make special mention of two of these 

First, The Rev. Jacob Bailey, a great-great-grandson of 
James of Rowley, and a son of Dea. David Bailey, was born in 
Rowley in 1731. He graduated from Harvard with the Class 
of 1775- ^It; was a classmate of John Adams, afterwards Pres- 
ident of the United States. He became a clergyman of rhe 
Church of England and was settled at Pownalborough in 
Maine, and finally at Annapolis in Nova Scotia. 

He was loyal to his convictions and suffered much for his 
fidelity to the mother country. He kept a most interesting 
diary which has been published in part. 

Second and finally, I \\ish to say a word of the Rev. James 
Bayley, of the Cla,ss of 1719, who was a grandson of the Rev. 
James Bailey above mentioned. 

This James was born in Roxbury in 1698 and was graduated 
in 1719- After teaching at Andover he was settled as a min- 
ister at Weymouth and after a pastorate there of over 42 years, 
died Aug-. 22, 1766. He was greatly beloved and was a most 
useful minister of the gospel. 

The motto of Harvard College is Veritas. The motto of 
our Association is Semper Fidclis. May all our members who 
are graduates of Harvard be ever seekers for the truth, and 
always faithful to it when they have found it. 

At this point in the exercises the Secretary called the atten- 





tion of the company to the fact that -Mr. Thomas Bailey of 
Camp Point, Ilhnois, was present, who, aUhough he has reached 
the advanced age of eighty-five years, was very much interested 
in the work of the Association, and had offered to contribute 
hberally to its further work. He called upon Mr. Bailey, who 
responded in a brief and interesting statement with reference 
to many incidents in his own life. 

Tile Association having shown considerable interest with 
reference to tracing the connection between the American and 
English branches of the family, and Mrs. Lydia B. New- 
comb, of New Haven, Connecticut, a descendant of John Bailey 
of Sahsbury, having worked in this direction with Mr. 
Lothrop Withington now in England, the President called 
upon Mrs. Newcomb, who presented the following very inter- 
esting and valuable paper. 



Any account of the English Baileys must be, at this time, ex- 
ceedingly incomplete and fragmentary. 

The information we have obtained through Mr. Withington, 
is most interesting, showing indirectly the ancestry of the fam- 
ily on the other side of the sea, but the connc.ctions are not 
clear or the ties of relationship plain. When, in my own line, 
Isaac of Stonington, 1702 — Lebanon, 1707 — was identified as 
the Isaac of Harvard, 1701 and the son of Rev. James of Rox- 
bury, (and for many clues that led to the identification, grateful 
mention is due to Mrs. Ellsworth and Mr. W. H. Reed, as 
well as others of the Association), .^nd it was clearly proved 
that Isaac had a great-grandfather — ^John of Sahsbury — my 
next desire was to give him also a great grandmother. 
Through Mrs. Ellsworth, it was learned that Mr. Within^on 


at one time had given Elizabeth Knight as the probable wife of 
John of Salisbury. To prove this, my correspondence began 
with Mr. Withington in 1896, a correspondence which has not 
yet found a great-gtrandmother for Isaac, as Elizabeth Knight 
was probably the wife of another John Bailey, a possible 
cousin or near relative of John of Sahsbury. 

Jn a letter from Mr. Withington early in 1898, he says: "All 
the wills of the four Salisbury Courts are at Somerset House, 
but unfortunately are all original and not copied into registers, 
so that literary ticket-holders hke myself liave to pay one -hil- 
ling per will to look at t^hem . I am so interested in the sub- 
ject, as I have three Bayley sisters as great-grandmothers, that 
I am wilhng to examine these wills \\;ithout pay, if you care to 
furnish the fees." "The Wiltshire wills are the very quintes- 
sence of our early history, but I should not think that with such 
a name as Bayley, occurring so frequently, it would be much 
use to start with less than twenty." 

A consultation with a few Bailey descendants aroused no in- 
terest, therefore my individual contribution of five dollars was 
sent to obtair whatever results might appear. His offer was 
so exceedingly generous, it seemed disappointing that a larger 
sum could not be sent, for there was no promise on his part 
that continuous service would be so freely offered. In re- 
sponse to my letter, he expressed regret that his ofTer had not 
received a more ardent acceptance and said: "With such a fre- 
quent name as Bailey,, I cannot expect that twenty wills will 
give very complete results, but I will try to select the most 
likely ones." The following year, by small contributions from 
two or three descendants, and my own, another five dollars was 
sent and in response, he said "I cannot consider my unu^suial 
offer as indefinite, and, although I am exceedingly interested in 
the subject, I have to consider h.ow much gratuitous labor I 
can afford to give to the matter." In response to a second ap- 
peal to the Association in 1900, there was sent to me seventeen 
dollars, which descendants of John of Salisbury with myself in- 
creased to thirty-two dollars, and here the matter rests so far 


as fees are concerned, making less than fifty dollars seat to 
him. Copies of twenty-seven wills have been received from 
Wilts, Dorset, Somerset and Oxford Counties, all counties 
closely connected with one another and scarcjely more than 
thirty miles from one extreme to the other. 

That the Bayly family was very numerous in this part of 
England is very evident, and that they were very early settlers 
in southwest England is indicated from many records; and that 
they came originally from hVance to escape the persecutions of 
the early part of the i6th century is undoubted. The name 
was originally Bailleul or Baillieu and is found spelled in this 
way in some old records — changed to Bailly sometimes in the 
same record — and' among the crusaders from Normandy, there 
is found a Bailly in the first Cru/sade. I found in a history, 
a baptismal record of Philip de Baillcu — 1659-1679 — in which 
he aftenvards calls himself Philip Bayley and mentions liis 
brother John IViyly, or Jean de Baillcu, showing a willing- 
ness to vary the family name to suit pleasure or convenience. 
In the copies of wills received from Mr. Withington, the name 
John appears so frequently that it is quite bewildering, 
heathers and sons, brothers, cousins and uncles are named John 
with a frequent sprinkling of Ivichards, Roberts and Williams, 
anid, as to keep the namic John j^rominently before the family, 
the feminine name Joan is very conmioii . Nearly every family 
had a daughter named Jone, Joan or Joanne, and the P>ailey sons 
frequently married the same name; hence a perplexing confusion 
ap])ears when trying ro connect these wills and to find out who's 
who. Some one has said one cannot be too particular about 
choosing one's ancestors, and here the Bailey-Baiyley As'socia- 
tion ma^^iave free range and the choice remains with each one 
to make Tot him.self. As I have carefully gone over the wills, 
there seems to be a very worthy lot to choose from, all industri- 
oivs, some learned, and all very just in the disbursing of prop- 
erty . 

The earliest will received is that of John Baylic, 1568, of 
Malmesbury, Wilts Co., and this town seems to have been a 


favorite one with the family. It is about twenty miles west of 
Oxford and was a center of learning even in the 13th centur;^, 
as Green, in his "History of the English People," speaks of the 
good work done by "William the Librarian of Malmesbury .'' 
This early John had a wife Julian. He is called clothman, a 
weaver, and in his will he refers to an uncle Thomas and to 
brothers, William, Thomas, John and sister Jone. 

Another John Baylie, whose will was probated 1581, names 
wife Margaret but mentions no sons. 

An exceedingly interesting will is that of John Baylie pro- 
bated 1602. He received degree of M. A. from Oxford and 
was a fellow of the college as early as 1560. In his will, be- 
speaks of his cousin Ralph, also an M. A., and in looking up 
this subject in Foster's "Oxford Fellows and Graduates," I find 
they were both from Dorset, adjoining Wilts. 

Another will probated 161 3, of John of Malmesbury, be- 
queaths to his sons Ralp(h, Robert and Richard, and daughter 
Jone and speaks of his brother Thomas. As the 

name Ralph occurs in these two wills only, it would 
seem to refer to the same man, and the brother 
Thomas may have been the uncle Thomas of John, 
1568. In "Oxford Graduates," I find that this Ralph of 
Oxford is father of Thomas, born 1613 in Bath, Somerset Co. 
In the will of John, M. A. 1602, he also mentions Mr. Walter 
Bailey, who I find in "Oxford Graduates" was born in 1529, also 
had degree of M. A. and was son of Henry of Dorset. In 
the will of Rev. John Bailey of Boston, 1697, printed in 
account of third annual gathering, he bequeaths to his cousins 
John and Thomas, sons of Thomas, and mentions brother 
Henry — ^and here is a suggestion that the Rev. John may have 
been a nephew or grand-nephew or possibly a descendant of 
this same Henry (as the name Henry does not appear in any of 
the wills sent to me) and, in that case, a near relative of John 
of Salisbury, Richard of Rowley and Thomas of Weymouth. 
In 1621, a will of Alice Bailey of Malmesbury, widow, was pro- 
bated. She speaks of her two grandsons, John and Richard, 


sons of John and Elizabeth Bailey, and Mr. Withington seems 
to think there is stron<^ reason to suppose that these two grand- 
sons were the John of Salisbury and Richard of Rowley, though 
no mention is made of a James. But there is another John 
called the elder, of Malmcsbury, whose wife is Susanna. He, 
in his will, speaks of his eldest son John, his youngest son Wil- 
liam, and sons Robert, Kdward and Richard, and two daugh- 
ters, Margery and Alice. As John of Salisbury left a son 
Robert in England, it is not impossible that this eldest son John 
may have been the one who came to America. 

Richard Bayley had will probated in 1609 — his wife was Eliz- 
abeth^ — he had sons William and Richard and names Robert 
Bayley as one of the overseers of his property. William Bay- 
ley, 1610, wife Alice, had sons William, Richard and John (who 
from the will seems not to be living at the time) and daughters 
Elizabeth, Alice, Jo.;inne and Agnes. In 1622, the widow's 
(Alice) will is proba.ted, in which she speaks, among oOher grand- 
children, of the seven children of son JoJm. In 1623, tihe will 
of Joanne Bayley of Malmesbury, "Alayde," is probated, in 
Vvhich mention is made of her sisters (possibly nieces) Agnes, 
EHzabeth and Alice, and brother John. It seems probable she 
was sister of the William who had children by these names, 
and that 5:he was the sister mentioned in the will of John Bay- 
lye. 1568. The very common way in whidh the terms sister, 
brother, cousin, etc., were used to indicate relationship, in wills 
of an early period, make it difficiilt to determine the exact re- 
lationship of members of the same family. Edward Bayley of 
Bromham, Wilts, 1628, had wife Jone, and mentions children, 
Edward, Elizabetih and Joane, and granddaughter Millicent— 
and his widow's will, 1631, mentions also a son William and a 
grandson Edward. A widow, Joan Bayley, inakes a will in 
1629 .and has daughters Joan, Elizabeth and Dorothie, and sons 
Rbbert and Jerome, but gives no grandchildren. William 
Baylie, the elder, of Wilts, has daughter Joanne, wife of Wil- 
liam Humfrey, and a son John is executor. He mentions also 
a granddaughter Mary Baylie, daughter of William and Joane 
his wife, as legatee. 


There are several wills of later date but they do not seem to 
connect witih the Baileys in America, except that thq| name 
James appears, and John, Thomas, Richard and William con- 
tinue as family names. 

Whether this broken account of these English wills will do 
more than make a little more real, our English forbears, I can- 
not tell. It wouJd certainly be more gratifying if each one 
could know his own forefather, but that he is somicwhiere amoni^ 
these nannes, we may reasonably conclude. 

Mention has been made of the French origin of the family. Of 
this there seems no doubt and that many members of the faniiK 
went to England to escape the persecutions endured by tlie 
early Huguenots before the massacre on St. Bartholomew's 
Day, 1572. As early as 1520, religious intolerance drove many 
from France, and the Baileys from Normandy and Brittanv 
emigrated to Dorset and Wilts Counties. Among those who 
took out denization papers, as early as 1544, were Tames Bayly 
of Sherbourne, born in Normandy, aged forty, who married an 
English woman and had five children — a James Bayley of Dor- 
set who had an English wife and eight children — a John Baylie 
born in Normandy — and another John Baylie of Dorchester 
who had a French wife and twelve children' — all these are ac- 
cepted by the Fluguenot Society of America. The names are 
largely of French derivation. John or Jean — Jeanne or Joan 
— Richard, Robert, Alice — are common Norman names. The 
greater Huguenot emigration from France and the Low Coun- 
tries was later — before the promulgation of the Edict of Nantes, 
1598, or after its revocation, 1685; but our family did not rely 
on the insecure favor of princes for safety, but souglht refuge tit 
the beginning of the trouble, and brought with them not only 
an adherence to the faith, but industrious /habits and an 
acquaintance with various handicraft. Thus France lost many 
of her most vjiluable citizens and gave to England industries 
comparatively unknown before. W^orking in leather was a 
trade in whidli the French emigrants excelled and, among those 
of the family who took out denization papers, are n»amcd several 


SIXTH l'l;l':sll)KNT nl' I'lll': VSSdCIATION, 



who were shoe makers. Weaving, both tapestry and silk, was 
in high esteem in Normamly and we find that many Baileys 
were wool spinners and broadweavers. We know that John of 
Salisbnrv was a weaver from Chippenham, a slK)rt distance 
from Malmesbnry. As tlie weaver in a town was a man of 
prominence, and held •in L-nviablc place as a citizen, we may 
look with satisfaction at llic early members of our Bailey fam- 
ily, who not only held high rank as worthy artisans but r - 
ceived honorary degrees from Oxford, and also filled civil of- 
fices. An inscription uu St. Thomas Church, Salisbury, 
Wilts Co., dated 1600, reads "J^^^i^ Baylye, sometime Alaior of 

The Association having from time to time published 
coats-of-arms purporting to belong to some branch of the fam- 
ily, it scemeil proper to have the matter looked into to some 
extent, and a report made to the Association npon the subject, 
and Mr. Elmer S. Bailey, of Boston, a descendant of John 
Bailey of Salisbury, presented the subject as follows^ 



One of the first steps of civilization is distinction of rank. 
Heraldry, whatever may have been its original design, has, un- 
questionably, been found servicerd^le as the means of marking 
that distinction. To signalize merit and preserve the memory 
of the illustrious arc the useful purposes of this science, w'hich 
will ever secure it from contempt; notwithstanding that the 
total change of the military system, in which it fhmrished, has 
tended greatly to lessen its necessity and importance. 

The use of armorial ensigns is supposed by Sir John F'erne 
to have been derived from the Egyptian heiroglypliics; and it is 
observed by several antiquaries that symbols, or devices of honor 


have been adopted by all nations, and from tbc earliest ages, 
to distinguish the noble from the inferior. The conjecture of 
Sir William Dugdale, that arms were first used by <:^reat military 
leaders, to identify themselves more easily to their friends and 
followers, is not improbable. It is related by iiomer, \'irgil 
and Ovid that their heroes bore figures mi their shields where- 
by their persons were distinctly known. 

But, however this may be^ it is certain that in all ages of the 
world symbolic signs of one kind or other have been adopted, 
either to denote the valor of a chief of a nation, or to render them 
that bore them more formidable in ai)pearance to their enemies, 
or to distinguish themselves or families. 

Heraldry, as an art, lluurished chiefly under the feudal 
system and it seems agreed by the most eminent antiquarians 
that the hereditary use of coats of arms to distinguish families 
did not commence until the year 1230. 

Coats of arms are thought to be clearly referable to the tour- 
naments, having been then a sort of livery made up of several 
fillets, or narrow slips, of stufif of various colors, whence origin- 
ated the fesse, the bend, the pale, etc., which are supposed to 
indicate the manner in which the hllets were originally worn. 

The introduction of Heraldry into England is referred to tlie 
crusades, which also g>ave rise, in many countries, to figures 
previously unknown in armorial ensigns, as crosses, of various 
colors and shapes, bezants, etc. About 1190 A. D. the arms 
were usually depicted on a small escutcheon and worn at the 
belt; and the reign of Richard I. supplies the earliest illustra- 
tion in England of their being borne on an ordinary shield 
though they are found on seals of the seventh and eighth cen- 
turies. The curious inquirer may gain much heraldic instruc- 
tion from seals appended to ancient writings, illuminated man- 
uscripts, and old lomb.-itones and Imildings. 

It is supposed by Nisbet, and other dibtinguished writers on 
Heraldry, that its rules originated with the couijuering Cloth::, 
on the downfall of the Koman EnqMre, and in Stuart's "View of 
Society" it is remarked, that "a milder race of the ancient Gcr- 


mans, in the obscurity of their woods, were famed for gallantry^ 
and for manners sinj^ubrly governed by the point of honor and 
animated by the virtues of the amiable sex. To excel in the 
achievements of war was their chief aim; hence the invention 
of many insignia connected with arms, which were never be- 
stowed on the bearer but with great formality, as an honorable 
token of valor and merit. Thicsc emblems were the friends of 
his manhood, when he rejoiced in his strength, and they attend- 
ed him in his age, when he wept over his weakness. Of these, 
the most memorable was the shield. It was the employment 
of bis leisure to make this conspicuous; he was sedulous to 
diversify it with chosen colors; and what is worthy of particular 
remark, the ornaments he bestowed, were in time, to produce 
the art of blazonry and the occupation of the herald.'' 

To this it may be replied, that though the first rude notion of 
distinctive coloring may be ascribed to tlie ancient Germans, 
or their descendants, }'et that blazonry, as an art, must un- 
questionably be referred to the French, which is partly proved 
by the heraldic term still used. 

In the reign of Charlemagne, the rage for personal coats of 
arms and hereditary armorial distinctions was considerably in- 
creased by the splendor of his victories, and during the time of 
Hugh Capet heraldry advanced rapidly toward a system. The 
tournaments contributed essentially to its general use. 

Every individual engaged in tlie Holy Wars had the form of 
the cross sewed or embroidered on the right shoulder of his 
surcoat, whence these expeditions received the appellation of 

After the date of the Norman Conquest, heraldry made rapid 
progress in England, and the high estimation in which it was 
held is attested by its union with other arts, esi)ecially uilli 
sculpture and painting. 'Ihe sculpture of the Saxons, especial- 
ly in bas-relief, was applied by the Normans to armorial figures. 
Ihus was heraldry connected with tlie lasting monuments of 

Several new modes of blazonry were introduced during the 
reign of Richard II. 


During the reigns of Elizabetli and James, chivalry had lost 
much of its splendor and a total change had gradually lakLii 
place in chairacter and niannicrs. Ilcncc no soonc-r was the 
u,se of armorial end)lcms almost universal, than heraldry, as an 
art, began to decline. It has been suggested, as the chief 
cause of this, that the number and interminable variety of 
armorial bearings occasioned by their general use, had a natural 
tendency to impair the respect once felt for the comparatively 
few , chaste and simple end)lems of preceding reigns: and it 
must be admitted that there is a tendency in the human mind 
to appreciate thing's in proportion to their rarity. 

Since the time that coats of arms became hereditary the\- 
have been concise and intelligible assertions of the pedigree of 
I'heir boaters . Nothwithstanding the conunon error, coats of 
arms do not belong to all 1)earers of a name, but are a species of 
personal property passing in each generation to the lineal de- 
scendent of tlie first owner, and belonging solely to him. 

These insignia were originally granted to individuals v»lu> oc- 
cupied a certain position, and their use is a distinct claim to a 
descent from such grantees. Regarded in this light we see 
how valuable such emblems become to the genealogi:-t . 
Should he find a person in New England at an early date using 
a coat of arms belonging to an English family, it is the most 
positive mode of showing that such person claimed to be a 
member of that family. The attention of the student is at 
once directed to the point indicated and he is spared the neces- 
sity of a protracted ^search through the various prob-atc offices 
of Great Britain. , "ould we be assured of the authenticity of 
all the coats of arms use here, our task would be light. We 
should simply have . record all the documents presented and 
leave it to the per; ns interested to follow the cue abroad. 
Unfortunately, we nave no reason to presume that any sucii 
authority attaches to all remaining examples; we have, on the 
contrary, great reason for condemning- whole classes as worth- 

We see almost daily in this country seals engraved, arms em- 


blazoned aiiil engravings published which we know are lassumcd 
without proof or inquiry. In this matter our English relatives 
arc our rivals — but there they have facilities for making, an 
ofiicial, if not very dignihed apology for their acts. 

Discarding- therefore, as entirely worthless to the genealogist, 
all recent assnmi)tions of coats of arms, we find thiat the entire 
list of these used in New En.gland prior to 1800 requires a 
careful scrutiny. At the one extreme we have the acts of thi' 
first colonists, Englishmen born; at the other end we have the 
fabrications of herald painters still remembered by a few now 
li\ inij. 

iJetween these dates we have a century during which the col- 
onies were rapidly increasing in wealth and luxury, and we 
must discover who used armorial bearings before we can judge 
of their right. 

It will be readily seen that the first colonists brought their 
seals with them— this class of evidence is most valuable and 

Lat"r, we shall find such seals used by the children and 
grand-children of the, first settlers, and this class may be ac- 
cepted with little hesitation. The doubt we feel commences 
\vith the time w^hen seal-engraving and painting of arms was 
jjracticed in New England by resident artists — a date wliiJi 
we now consider to have been about A. D. 1730-1735. 

1 hnd that there are at least 29 distinct coats of arms which 
have been used in Clreat 1 Britain by different branches of the 
Bailey family. 

I WiOu.ld say that at this time I have bee una,ble to attach the 
proper significance to any Bailey arms tl " could be used in this 
country by any members of the family 

The arms used in the Nonagenarian u Miss Sarah Ann 
Emery are those of Thomas Bulterworth >ailey, Esq., of Hope 
Hall, London, England, who was sheriff of Lancashire in 176S. 

I find on the tombstone of Stephen and Suzanna Bayley, who 
died 1723 and 1724 respectively, a coat of arms, unlike anything 
in Burke's "General Armory." VV. S. Appleton, an associate 


editor with "Wni. H. VVhitmorc, former City Registrar of 
Boston, says of these arms : 

"Concerning- this gentleman and liis arms, we are able to give 
no information. There was a Richard Bailey at \e\vport, 
1670, and Stephen Baily of the same place was admitted free- 
man 1717. The arms are clearly heraldic, notwithstanding the 
pecnliar shape of the shield. It is hard to say for what the 
design was intended." 

It seems almost a certainty that until the father of John 
Bailey, of Salisbury, who came to this country about 1635, can 
be identified, our branch at least of ancestral arms cannot be 

As I have s«aid, there is no law or even custom in this country 
regarding the use of arms but it might be of interest to kiTOW 
what the English law is upon the subject: 

"That no Inheretrix, wheather Maid or Wife, should bear, or 
cause to be bourne, any Crest or Cognizance of her Ancestors, 
otherwise than folio wetli. 

If she be a Maid, then to bear in her Ring, the Crest, Cog- 
nizance of first Coat of her Ancestors, in a lozenge.. 

If a Widow, to impale the first Coat of her Hu^.band with the 
Coat of ker Ancestors, upon a lozenge. 

If she marry one that is no Gentleman, then to be clearl\ 
exempt from the former Conclusions." 

At various times, there have been reports of fabulous sums 
of money in England belongmg to the Bailey family in Amer- 
ica, which were only waiting for a proper identification of owner- 
ship, and in this connection, the following information was pre- 
sented by Mrs. William II. Thorpe, of Arlington, a descendant 
of John Bailey of Salisbury. 



j\Iy mother, Mary Susan Bailey, was a daughter of Benjamin 

Dtirt-tv p. P.AiLEY, Esq. 

.SEVFNTll l'l:K>lbKM oK THE Assoi 1 A TMN. 


Bailey of the John of Sah'sbury branch, and his wife Sus»an 
(Dickinson). Benjamin had a brother, Isaac, who married 
EmiHne Webb and a Ijrother Shcpard, who nvirried Ciitherine 
Bickford. lienjamin was the son of Daniel and his wife Snsanna 
(Blanchard) and j^randson of Joshua of Woolwich and Wiscas- 
set, Maine. 1 was led to investigate my ancestry by the fol- 
lowing article published in the IJoston Journal in July 1898. 


Farmer Bailey of North Lancaster may come in for share of 
$36,000,000 in Bank of England. 

"Clinton, Mass., July 30 — WilHam A. Bailey, a well known 
faimer of North Lancaster, has received word from an author- 
itative source that he is one of the heirs to an immense estate, 
which is on deposit in tlie Bank of England. He will not 
talk about the claim which if established will make him a mil- 
lionaire, but he thinks enough of l:is chances of securing the 
money to secure counsel, and has instructed them to go ahead 
in the matter. 

It appears that Horatio Hyde, a wealthy Scotchman, who 
lived many years ago, at his death left on deposit in tlie Bank 
of England a large sum of money. The exact amount left is 
at present unknown to the heirs, but it was a gooilly sum, and 
it was stipulated by the testator, Mr. Hyde, that it should re- 
main intact for a period of 100 years after which each of the 
descendants of the family should be entitled to a proportionate 
share of the principal and interest. 

It appears that the princiixU was divided into two equal parts, 
one of which was to go to the Hyde branch of the family, and 
the other to the Bailey branch, the testator being in some way 
connected with both families. 

It is said that the entire estate now amounts to something like 
$36,000,000. Of course one half of this amount goes to the 
Hyde heirs and the other half to the Bailey descendants. It is 
claimed that there are ij direct heirs and lineal descendants on 
the Bailc}' side who are entitled to the estate. 


The work of the counsel at present consists of estabHshing 
the relationship of ihc Ikiiley claimants to the testator Hyde. 
Thub far only one other descendant, L. V. iiailey of I'utney, 
Vt., a cousin of Air. Bailey of Lancaster, has intere:^ted liiniself 
in the claim. The IJailey heirs have received word from the 
Hyde branch of thr family that they received their share of the 
deposit two or three years ayo and it was the knowleilge of this 
fact that set the liailey family at work to try to secure their 
share of it." 

My aunt tells me her father always impressed it upon, her 
that there was money for them in England and that some day 
they would be rich. 1 can distinctly remember my mother tell- 
ing me the same thing. 

1 have been told that the Baileys in England were very rich 
and prosperous. They owned many mills in and aljout Man- 
chester. There was a certain mill owned by two Bailey broth- 
ers. They became rich so fast that it unbalanced the mind of 
one of them. 

These stories were told me by an English woman who lived 
near Manchester in her younger days . 

I am Fure we are proud of our ancestors and if there is any 
money in*England waiting for us 1 am sure we shall be glad to 
get it. 

At the conclusion ui the statement the motion was made and 
unanimously carried that Mrs. Thorpe and the Treasurer of the 
Association be instructed to i)roceed forthwith, at their own 
expense, to Engiand, secure the share of the money mentioned 
as belonging U> our family, and that the)- ha\e the same ready 
to distribute at the next gathering of the .-\ssociation, it being 
understood that only those w ho attend the next meeting of the 
Association will be entitled to any share in the distributi(jn . 

The Secretary then referred to Mi>s .Sarah V. Bailey of 
Grinncll, Iowa, who, allliough unab'e to attend any of our meet 
ings, was very luuch interested, and had rendered valuable as 
sistance in the work of the iVssociation. He made the motion 


that Miss Bailey be sent a certificate of life membership in the 
Association, in recognition of her valuable services. The 
motion was duly presented, and unanimously carried. 

The Association is deeply indebtec. to several of its members 
who have labored most earnestly m collecting genealogical 
material. One of these is Mrs. Milton Ellsworth, of Rowley, 
a descendant of James Bailey of Rowley, who presented the 
following interesting historical matter. 



The President of the Association invited me to speak, as be- 
ing one well acquainted with all branches of the family. A 
few years ago I did seem to be acquainted with a great many of 
our ancestors though there were then and still are many who 
have eluded me. 

I come to you today from Rowley, the old home of Richard 
and James anti so many of their descendants. 

As a native of Rowley it is a source of much satisfaction to 
me that in the same ship with the settlers of Rowley canic* the 
first printing press and the machinery for the first fulling mill. 

The printing press, to be sure, was set up by Stephen Day 
here at Cambridge and not in Rowley, but the fulling mill was 
established at Rowley and was the first erected in New 
England . 

It is generally supposed that James E-ailey, the brother ol 
Richard, came in the vessel tliat brought the printing press and 
the machinery for the fulling mill. 

We have present today many of the John of Salisbury branch. 
I wonder how many of them have visited the site of his cabin on 
Bailey hill. I had the pleasure, of a pilgrimage there with Mr. 
Alfred Bailey as a guide and enjoyed it exceedingly. 

As we wended our way along the shore of the beautiful Mer 


rimac we noted the place where Washington crossed on hii 
way from Newburyport to Portsmouth. VVc were inform€a 
that a handsomely decorated barge manned by a crew dressed 
in white was provided by the Marine Society of Newburyport 
to convey the President and his dibtinguished company across 
the river. 

Nearly opposite this ferry is the old disused road leading to 
Bailey's hill. It winds over the hill and beyond across the 
pastures, and was evidently used by the first settlers. 

Here on the easterly part of the hill overlooking the proud 
Merrimac on the West and the Powow river on the north is 
the cellar of John Pailey's log house. A shallow depression 
in the ground overgrown wilh grass, with a spring nearby, in- 
dicates its location. A few oak trees lend beauty to the spot. 
The spring has been stoned up and covered, and by means of an 
aqueduct is made to sui)ply the houses below with water. The 
cool, clear water nmst have been quaffed many times with 
pleasant satisfaction by the emigrant John Bailey and his son. 
The view from this elevation is exceedingly picturesque and I 
was tempted to linger and muse on the first white settler who 
so boldly planted himself in the primeval wilderness. The 
place is rich with memories. We could almost see the hardy 
pioneer sitting before his cabin in the gathering twilight. 

In the field adjoining Bailey's hill we found two more ancient 
cellars now overgrow.n with grass, one of them, as we were told, 
being all that remains of the dwelling of the emigrant Sanniel 
Huntington. As you will recall, the Baileys and Huntingtons 
were contemporaries in Sahsbury, and Joanna, daughter of 
John Bailey of Salisbury, senior, married William Huntingtcni. 

Another nearby cellar having a tragedy connected with it 
was that of Nathaniel Weed. As the story goes, he v. as stand- 
ing concealed in the forest in sight of his dwelling when the 
Indians entered the cabin and murdered his wife and children. 

In close proximity to the hill lay a beautiful slieet of waier 
called Bailey's pontl. Here some fifty years ago there was a 
planing mill owned by Air. Alfred Bailey. To the east of 


Bailey's pond is a pool called the Witches' pool, and some dis- 
tance from this another cellar, not grass grown like the others, 
but overgrown with bushes and trees. 

This was the home of Susanna Martin who was hung as a 
witch in Salem in 1692-3. 

As we turned our faces homeward we came to old Golgatha. 
Here on a slight eminence overlooking the Powow river is the 
ancient burial place where forty or more of the first settlers 
were buried. No tablets mark their resting places, and there 
is hardly a mound to show where they are laid. 

Our pilgTimage over we gave ourselves the pleasure of a call 
at the house of Mr. Ralph O. Bailey in Amcsbury, who, as 
the Essex County Biographical Review informs us, traces his 
pedigree to the time of William the Conqueror. Mrs. Bailey 
showed me the Coat of Arms preserved in their famliy. 1 
cannot describe it in heraldic terms, but suffice it to say that the 
design was in dull red and blue with two bars of white and two 
of black, quarterly, two coronets, two lions rampant, two lions 
passant with .a drawn sword near the name of Bailey. The in- 
scription reads as follows: — ''This ancient and noble family is 
descended from Leopold Bailey who was constable at Dover 
Castle in the time of Ethelred and owner of a town in Kent now 
called Bersted. Having quarrelled with the monks of Canter- 
bury, his oldest son was killed therein whereupon he solicited 
Sweyn, King of Denmark, to invade ye realm and was assisted 
therein. Besieged Canterbury took the archbishop prisoner 
and ye death of his son was avenged in the year 1014.'' 

I may add that in my own reading of history I have found 
mention made of the name of Bailey among those w ho left 
Normandy with William the Conqueror. 

The Rev. Augustus F. Bailey (our second President, now de- 
ceased) said at the hrst gathering as he looked over the little 
company: "T find black eyes and black hair to be a characteristic 
of the Baileys and a possible mark of Norman blood." 

Several other members of the Association, including Hon, 
James A. Bailey Jr., of Arlington, Rev. Nathan Bailey, of Pea- 


body and Duclley P. Bailey, Esq., of Everett, who had kindly con- 
sented to give addresses begged, in conscciucnce of the lateness 
of th-e hour, to be excused, and upom the promise thai they 
would be on hand promptly at the next gathering of the As- 
sociation, and deliver the speeches they had in readiness or 
some others, they were finally, but reluctantly excused, and 
notice of the terms upon which they were excused is hereby 
served upon the succeeding President of the Association 

The final address of the meeting was given by Hon. Charles 
O. Bailey, of Newbur)port, a descendant of John Bailey of 
Salisbury. The lateness of the hour, it being then nearly half past 
five o'clock, necessarily gave a hurried effect to the closing ex- 
ercises, which was somewhat reflected in Mr. Bailey's short, 
but eloquent address, which was as follows^ 


"Mr. Toast-master, friends and relatives: I am sorry to say 
that our toast-master did not do as he should have done by not 
including my name in the list j)ost[)oned for next year. 
Frankly and h.onestly, I must start from here immediately if I 
wish to get home tonight, which I want to do. 

I will simply say, I can conceive how, when a man has 
lived to attain a ripe old age; after he has experienced the joys 
and sorrows which are inevit>able to all men in this life, that in 
looking back over the events of his past career, he would lind 
some standing out clear and bright, undimnied by the misty 
clouds of time; events, which even after the lapse of years, as he 
looks back upon them, would fdl his heart with joy and glad- 
ness. Occasions like the present are illustrations of w.hat I 
mean; for I assure you all, if I am permitted to live to be a 
centenarian, I shall ever look back on this day as one of the 
most enjoyable of my life, and I desire to give you this senti- 
ment, that in all human probability we shall never all of us 
meet again; we shall, doubtless, by the changes of life, be called 


11102— I'JOJ. 


to separatp, Init wherever we go, whether on land or sea, in this 
our own native land, or in foreign chnies, may the influence of 
this day and this hour be ever uj>on us; may the sympathy 
and resolves we have here cherished, the friendships strengthen- 
ed, the acquaintances made, contribute to our mutual and in- atlvantage and, as our days go on, and the shadows 
lengthen as we api)roach nearer and nearer that evening which 
soon deepens into the night of life, may our declining years be 
made happier by the memories of this very happy occasion.'' 

Thus ended the ninth gathering of the Association, one of the 
most successful thus far lield, the remembrance of which it is 
hoped will long remain \vith those who were present, and will 
serve to stimulate in an ever widening circle an interest in the 
worthy objects of the Association. 

President of the Association, 1904-1906. 



Bailey=Bayley Family 

AUGUST 17, 1904 



No. 185 Franklin Street 



Business Meeting 1-35 

Address of Welcome 8 

Report of Secretary 9 

Report of Treasurer 11 

Report of Committee on Genealogy .... 12 

Mrs. Edward M. Bailey 12 

Mrs. Milton Ellsworth 13 

HoUis R. Bailey 14-20 

Memorial Hymn 17 

Officei-s Elected 21 

Address of Rev. Amos Judson Bailey ... 23 

Memoir of 'Williara U. Bailey 25-30 

Original Poem 31 

Remarks of Horace "W. Bailey . . • 32 

Address of "William H. Bailey 32 

Remarks of Larkin T. Trull 34 

Biographical Sketches 35-62 

Sketch of Elder Ebenezer Bailey .... 35-43 

Sketch of Goldsmith Fox Bailey .... 43-55 

Sketch of Timothy Bailey 55-62 


Portrait ol Col. Edwin "W. M. Bailey . . . Prontiaplece 

Monument at Amesbury 18 

General Bailey Elm 20 

Portrait ol Hon. Goldsmith Fox Bailey .... 44 

Account of the Tenth Gathering 




Canobie Lake, Salem, N.H., August 17, 1904. 

The members of the Association began to gather at the Open 
Air Theatre at ii o'cloclt a.m., and were cordially welcomed 
by the officers and ushers. 


The meetmg was called to order at 1 1 o'clock a.m., by Edwin 
A. Bayley, Esq., of Lexington, President pro tern., the President, 
Andrew J. Bailey, Esq., being absent. 

The exercises opened with an informal address by Edwin A. 
Bayley, President pro tem., as follows : — 

Members of the Bailey-Bayley Family Association : 

I had no expectation of being called upon to preside to-day, 
for we all came here expecting that our President, Andrew J. 
Bailey, would be here himself. No later than yesterday our 
Secretary heard from him that he then fully expected to be with 
us. Whether the fatigue from liis march yesterday with the 
Grand Army at Boston is the occasion of his absence we have 
not learned. However, if he comes I shall be glad to give up 
this position to him who can lill it so well. 


I am sure that we all rejoice in the fine weather which favors 
our meeting to-day, for, as many of us recall, our meetings of 
late • have been somewhat interfered with by rainy weather. 
Some of you may remember that four years ago I promised that 
if you would elect me a^ yoiu" President, 1 would give you tine 
weather for our meeting, and some of you iloubtless will recall 
that two years ago I partially fulfilled my promise, in fact, I 
did all that any human being could do, and because of my par- 
tial success, I may hav: been given this second opportunity to 
redeem my promise. 

Without further delay the exercises will be oj^ened with 
prayer, which will be offered by Rev. Alvin F. Bailey, of 
Barre, Mass. 



President pro tem. 

Members of the Bailey-Bayley Family Association, 
Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I regret that the absence of our President renders it necessary 
for any one else to attempt to fill his position, and I am sure that 
under the circumstances you will expect no formal or extended 
address of welcome from me. 

We are all glad to meet here to-day and to renew the pleasant 
intercourse of our previous meetings and to meet many new 
members of the family who are with us to-day. It is a pleasant 
circumstance to recall in connection with this meeting that it 
was at this place, eleven years ago day before yesterday, that our 
family Association was formed, and I think it is a very happy 
selection that this tenth gathering brings us back to the birth- 
place of our Association. 

I am glad to call your attention to the fact that there are 
several here to-day who took part in the first meeting of the 
Association and have been from that time to the present its 
firmest and most valued supporters. I refer, among others, to 


John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, one of the prime movers in the 
organization of the Association ; also to Mr. James R. Bailey of 
Lawrence, who has for so long a time served the Association as 
its Treasurer ; and I also see others who have been consistent in 
their support, in their attendance upon, and in their devotion to, 
the Association. I believe that those of us who are here to-day, 
without any exception, feel that we cannot repay these friends 
for what they have thus done for the various branches of the 
family, and I hope that the example which they have set for us 
will encourage and inspire us all to carry forward the work and 
make the Association wliat it should be, — a permanent and last- 
ing organization. 

Songs by Mrs. Eben IL Bailey, Mr. Eben H. Bailey accom- 
panying, — '' As the Fleeting Days go by; " encore, " Spring 
is Coming." 


Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Before presenting what I may have to say in the nature of a 
report, it is necessary at this time to give information in regard 
to the arrangements for dinner. The managers of the dining 
hall need to know how many of us are going to want the regu- 
lar table d'hote dinner. There is a tent in the grove, arranged 
for those who are going to make a picnic of the occasion. It 
appears that at least thirty-four will take their dinner in the 
dining hall. 

Now, in regard to my report as Secretary, there are many of 
you present to-day who have attended all the meetings of the 
Association, so that you have kept in touch with the work that 
has been done, and I don't need to tell you what the purpose of 
the Association is, or what the work has been. But we have 
with us to-day ladies and gentlemen from all parts of the coun- 
try who have not been with us before, and I will say for their 


benefit that the Association was formed eleven years ago, and 
the first meeting was in this location at a spot a little further 
along at the end of the lake. 

The purpose of the Association, from the beginning, has been 
the study of the Family history, the promotion of Family ac- 
quaintance, and the stimulating of an honest and intelligent 
Family pride. 

Eleven years ago most of us knew little of our early ancestors. 
Very early in the history of the Association a committee was 
appointed to look into the matter of genealogy. I remember 
that at the second meeting, held at Andover, there was dis- 
played on a single sheet of paper a list of all the then ascer- 
tained descendants of James Bailey of Rowley. At the next 
meeting, at Groveland, we had a Family tree showing the 
descendants of Richard Bailey, as compiled by Alfred Poor. 
Mr. Poor, fifty years ago, was devoting his entire attention to 
looking up the histories of the Poor Family and the Bailey 
Family, and in his history we have about all that there is now 
in print about the Richard Bailey branch. I am glad to say 
Mr. Poor is with us to-day. We have had printed, in one of 
our annual reports, a paper by lion. Horace W. Bailey of New- 
bury, Vt.,* giving some further information about Richard and 
his descendants. 

The account of the last meeting has been put in print. It 
contains portraits of the officers, and is the largest report which 
we have yet had. The Association has not lived in vain. The 
annual gatherings, of course, have been largely in the nature of 
social meetings, with some literary and musical entertainment. 
But it has been our aim to have something permanent to show 
for our work, and five years ago we compiled and printed a 
book of genealogy, showing what was then gathered concern- 
ing the history of James Bailey of Rowley, John Bailey of 
Salisbury, and Thomas Bailey of Weymouth. We have also 
printed in the reports of our meetings copies of various wills, 
including those of Richard Bailey of Rowley, John Bailey of 
Salisbury, and Thomas Bailey of Weymouth. Thomas Bailey 

treasurer's report. II 

was at Weymouth as early as 1635, and in all probability much 
earlier. So that we feel that we have done work of some per- 
manent value. We have four or five life members. I hope the 
membership may increase. We have nearly two hundred and 
fifty members, all of whom have received certificates, and we 
hope that during the afternoon those who have met with us 
to-day for the iu'st time will join the Association. After this 
meeting will follow the dinner. In the afternoon there will be 
a social gathering at the further end of the grounds, where 
there is a large tent. The Treasurer will be there, and mem- 
bers can pay their dues, and new members can be enrolled. 

The photographer would like to take a group picture of the 
Bailey-Bayley Family on the bleachers at the ball grounds im- 
mediately after dinner. 


President pro tem. — It is always pleasant to hear the 
Treasurer's report, especially when it is a good one, and 1 assure 
you we shall have a good report from the Treasurer, Mr. James 
R. Bailey of Lawrence. 

Treasurer's report is as follows : — 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Members of the Association : 

Our President has given me a pretty good send-off, but what- 
ever good there is about the report is due to you, because you 
have paid your bills. The finances are in good shape. The 
Association is out of debt, and we have a respectable sum depos- 
ited in the bank. The report has been audited and approved by 
the auditor, Mr. Walter E. Robie. The receipts for member- 
ship dues and sales of reports, and from other sources, have 
been $375-56. The payments for printing and other expenses, 
$321.24. The balance on hand is $54.32. 

President pro tem. — A motion is made that the report of 
the Treasurer be accepted. It is a vote. 


At this time it seems best to appoint a committee to nominate 
new officers, and I would appoint as that committee, John 
Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Mrs. Henry J?. Bailey ol Lowell, and 
Edward M. Bailey of Millis. 


(Mrs. Edward M. Bailey of Millis, Mrs. Milton Ellsworth of 
Rowley, and Ilollis R. Bailey of Cambridge, committee.) 
President pro tem. — The most important work of the 
Association, throughout its entire existence, has been that done 
by the Committee on Genealogy. I am sure that all of yon 
appreciate what each of its members has done. Mrs. Ellsworth, 
I recall, while she is not a dt;scen(lant of the John of Salisbury 
branch, has nevertheless secured much information as to his 
descendants, and each of the others have rendered very valuable 
service to various branches (jf the family. I am sure you will 
all be glad to hear the report of the Genealogical Committee, 
the first part of which will be given by Mrs. Edward M. Bailey. 



Mr. President, Friends and Kindred: 

I have been tracing the line of Joshua Bayley of Marlboro, 
Mass., who served in the Revolution, enlisting at the age of 
seventeen. lie was twice married, had a family of seventeen 
children, and lived, after Marlboro, at Windsor, Vt., Plainliekl, 
N.H., and later in various Vermont towns, his last residence 
being Derby, near the Canada line. He was a descendant of 
John Bayley of Salisbury, Mass., and was born at Warwick, 
Mass., then calletl " Roxbury, Canada," in 1763. Mr. Elij;di 
B. Bayley of Lowell, a grandson, is present here to-day, and 
tells me that Joshua was in the battle of IMattsburg, War of 
181 3, at the time the British were swept off the string pieces of 
the bridge over the Saranac river; he has seen the gun and 
sword that Joshua carried upon tiiat occasion. In 1790 Joshua 


spelled his name Bayley, but in 1S40 he had changed to Bailey. 
Ills descendants are widely scattered. Much valual)le data con- 
cerning this line conies from Miss Sarah J. Bayley of Lake 
Beulah, Wis., and a sampler, made in 1S19 by Eliza, one of 
Joshua Bayley's daughters, is loaned for this occasion by Mrs. 
Josiah Carter of Tice, Vt. 

Gov. Willis Joshua 13ailey of Kansas reports that his grand- 
father was Joshua liailey who left Hague, near Ticonderoga, 
eastern New York, about 1S40, and moved to Illinois. The 
family originated in Connecticut and Massachusetts. 

The Ilardwick and Peacham, Vt,, branches of the family 
have furnished some new material. The descendants of Mark 
Bailey, of John of .Salisbury line, have been located in Wis- 

An interesting line that I have been unable to trace backward to 
any extent is that of Rev. Amos Judson Bailey of Meriden, N.II. 
He is of a family of eleven children, five of whom have been 
clergymen. His father, Bancroft Abbott Bailey, now eighty-six 
years of age, at the age of seven removed with his father, Amos 
Bailey, from Bath, N.H., to western New York, and nine years 
later to Chicago. He lived there from 1S34 to 1902, seeing the 
city rise from ^. low, flat prairie to almost two million resitlents. 
But, loving New England, wliere his parents were born and 
received their early impressiuns, he has returned, and is now 
living upon the farm in South Newbury, Vt., where his mother 
was born. Information regarding any of these lines is earnestly 
solicited from any descendants who may be present, 


Friends : 

I don't know why I should take the stand. I have not [)re- 
pared any written rejjort. Eleven years ago I was quite en- 
thusiastic in this work and spent much time on it. I became 
(juitc proud of the John Bailey I'^amily and 1 am pleased to 
know that they have recently erected a monument in the old 


burying ground called " Golgotha," at Salisbury to commemo- 
rate Iiis memory and that of the other original settlers. I am 
not at work on the history ot the Association now, hut I sliould 
tike very much if you would take up the work where 1 left it 
and publish a new edition of the John of Salisbury branch. 

Ladies and Genteemen: 

I have one or tw<j letters, portions of which ought to be read. 
The lirst is from a lady member of the Association living in 
Cheyenne in the state of Wyoming. 

When I got that letter I felt very much pleased to think that 
a lady who lived away out West foimd the gathering of this 
Association such that she could say that it was one of the pleas- 
antest happenings of her life, and as one of the committee in 
charge, I felt repaid for what little I had done. She says that 
her ancestor, Samuel Bailey, was with Avnohl at (Quebec, anil 
another ancestor served in the W^ir of 1S12. We don't know 
where she comes in, Init I have written her that I think she is a 
descendant of Jolm of .Salisbury. If that is true, that line will 
be getting so proud that we shall not be able to get along with 

I have another letter that is interesting, and also profitable. 

Those of you who two years ago were at Cambridge will 
recall Thomas Bailey of Camp Point, 111., who was with us 
then, and told us that lie went out West with all his belongings 
done up in a small bundle. I think he observed his eighty- 
feighth birthday a year ago. He writes to me that he does not 
feel quite strong and well this year, but is exceedingly interested 
in having published a separate edition of the John of Salisbury 
line, lie promised last year $100 toward the expense of such a 
publication. This year he offers to make it $200, if the work 
is completed in his lifetime. 

This Mr. Thomas Bailey is a descentlant also of John of 
Salisbury. He has worked out his own immediate line and 


sent it to me, and that is what he means when lie speaks in his 
letter of having his own line printed. There certainly is a 
strong incentive for the officers of the Association to (ind others 
who will contribnte, so that we may have the henelit of this 
generous offer, and may secure a separate edition of the John of 
Salisbury line. We have, or can get, photographs and pictures 
to make the book attractive, and it seems to me that this offer of 
Thomas Bailey is certainly a most generous one, and 1 move 
that a vote of thanks be extended to Mr. Bailey. 

(It was voted that a vote of thanks be tendered, and that the 
Secretary notify Mr. Bailey of the same.) 

Now, Ladies and Gentlemen, I don't propose to take time in 
giving you details of our genealogy. Two years ago a manu- 
script came to me through Mrs. Edward M. Bailey, containing 
the history of Goldsmith Fox Bailey of the James of llowley 
line, prepared by his brotlier, Ebenezer F. Bailey of Fitchl)urg. 
This will be something suitable to jirint in the report of this 
gathering. It shows that the James of Rowley line is one of 
which we may be proud. 

We also have an account of another of the same line, viz.. 
Elder Ebenezer Bailey (a descendant of James of Rowley), 
who moved up tlie Merriniac river to Tewksbury about 1735. 

This account is certainly worth being printed and made a 
part of the permanent records of the Association. (See iji/ra, 
p. 35 ct sc<].^ for these memoirs.) 

We have met here to-day at what used to be known as Policy 
pond. It is partly in the town of Salem, N.II., and partly in 
the town of Windham, N.II., and it seems to me that it is 
worth while to carry our thoughts back to the former occujjants 
of the place. The Hon. Isaac W. Smith, a judge of the 
Supreme Court of New Hampshire, in an address delivcreil at 
the celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of 
Ilampstead said, — 

" Our imagination takes us back to the time when this 
land was inhabited by the Indian only, and t(j scenes wit- 
nessed or enacted by him alone in centuries gone by. A 


wild and roving i:>eople once lived in these places, once per- 
formed their sacred rites in these beautiful groves, cele- 
brated their festive days with strange ceremonies and paid trib- 
ute to the memory of their dead with strange lamentations." 

In tlie history of Windham we find the following: — 

"The Indians who were the early inhabitants of this 
town were of the Pawtncket nation and their domain in- 
cluded all of New Hampshire. 

"The last great chief of this tribe was Passaconaway. 

" In early days the Indians used to encamp on the shores 
of Policy Pond and many arrow heads and Indian imple- 
ments have been found near the shore. 

"After the settlement of the town wandering parties 
were occasionally here, but they finally retired to Canada 
and this place afterwards knew but little of them. Hardly 
a memento now exists to show us that such a race ever 
existed here. 

"It causes a thought of sadness when we think of the 
passing away of an entire race. The wail of the red man 
as he looked for the last time upon the graves of his kin- 
dredand set his face towards the sunset touches a responsive 
chord in all sympathetic breasts." 

We have met to-day for the fourth time north of the Merri- 
mac river, and it seems a litting occasion to say something con- 
cerning that ancestor, John Bailey of Salisbury, who came to 
these shores in the year 163^, and two years later plunged into 
the wilderness and made his home north of the Merrimac river. 
He and his son originally settled at Newbury, but very soon 
afterwards made their home on the banks of the Merrimac, in 
what is now a part of the town of Amesbury. 

I have here a poem written concerning him, prepared by 
Alfred Bailey of Amesbury, and recently read at the Old Home 
Week anniversary at Amesbury. As Mrs. Ellsworth has tokl 
you, it was then known us Colchester on Massachusetts bay. 



By Alkked Bailey. 

We come to honor them, 
That band of eighteen men, 

All good and true. 
They crossed tlie ocean wide, 
West of tlie l*owow's tide ; 
Prefaced our town in pride — 

Its dawn tlie; knew. 

They tilled these wooded hills ; 
They built the early mills; 

This worthy band. 
In love they lived and thrived ; 
Descendants multi[ilied, 
And spread on every side, 

O'er our broad land. 

This spot so hallowed, 
They lay their early dead 

'Mid falling tears. 
No record tells their fame ; 
No tablet bears their name; 
All silent they remain 
g Tlirough passing years. 

This Rock, so grand and rare. 
This tablet, bright and fair, 

Will honors bring; 
Centuries of coming time, 
Pilgrims from every clime. 
Will greet these names sublime — 

Their praises sing. 

We come to honor them, 
That band of eighteen men. 

All good and true. 
They crossed the ocean wide. 
West of the Powow's tide ; 
Prefaced our town in pride — 

Its dawn they knew. 


John Bailey and his son, it would seem, were for a time 
solitary pioneers on the frontier of civilization, north of the 
Mcrrimac ; but in 1639 they were joined by other settlers to the 
number of seventeen, and formed a settlement which lifty years 
later became the town of Amesbury. 

We have met to-day in the town of Salem in New Hampshire. 

It is both a pleasure and a duty to make mention of one of 
our family who was for over fifty years a respected citizen of 
this town. I refer to tlie Rev. Abner Bailey, a descendant in 
the filth generation of John of Salisbury. lie was born in 
Newbury, Mass., January 15, 17 15, and was the third child of 
Joshua Bailey and Sarah Cotrm Bailey. His father was a 
farmer and had nine children. Four of these children, viz., 
Joshua, Abner, Enoch, and Jacob, all achieved considerable 
distinction. Joshua became a deacon of the Second Church of 
Newbury, Mass., and also held the office of Lieutenant. 

Abner and Enoch both became graduates of Harvard College, 
Abner in 1736, and Enoch in 1742, and both entered the min- 

It is interesting to note that Abner is described in the college 
catalogue by the name of "■ Bailey," while his brother Enoch is 
described as " Bayley." 

Enoch Bayley entered the army as chaplain, and served in 
the French and Indian War, and died in the service in 1757. 

The Rev. Abner Bailey married Mary Baldwin of Woburn 
in 173S, and in 1740 was ordained as a minister in that part 
of Methuen which afterwards became Salem, N.H. He was 
the fust pastor of what was known as the North Parish, and 
his pastorate continued fifty-eight years, until his death in 1798, 
at the age of eighty-three. I recall no single pastorate of greater 

That he was held in great respect by his parishioners isshown 
bv his gravestone, still standing, which bears the following trib- 
ute to his reverend memory : — 

"To perpetuate the memory of the Rev. Abner Bailey 
who like a shock of corn fully ripe, departed this life 



March lo, 179S, in the eighty third year of his age and in 
the fifty eiglith of his ministry. Blessed are the dead who 
die in the Lord for they rest from their labors and their 
works do follcjw them." 

Tlie fourth brother, Jacob, is also entitled to mention on this 
occasion. He was bora in Newbury, Mass., July 19, 1726, 
being ten years younger than Abncr. At the age of nineteen 
he married Prudence Noyes, and at once settled in Idampstead, 
N.II., being the town next east of Salem. lie at once became 
active in church and town affairs, and soon showed himself 
worthy to lead. The town records of Ilampstead show that in 
March, 1746, Jacob Bailey had a pew in the meeting house 
next to Lieut. James Graves " at the left hand of the ally in ye 
inner tear." 

In 1752 the meeting house was apparently still incomplete, 
and it is recorded that "Jacob liayley " bought two pews. 

He served twice as moderator at the town meetings. 

He was selectman in 1749, 175^, 1761, and 1762. 

In Book I. of the town records there is a record of the births 
of seven children of Jacob antl Prudence (Noyes) Bailey, as fol- 
lows : — 

Abigail, b. i, 15, 1748. 

Noyes, b. 2, 15, 1750; d. 8, 6, 1750. 

Joshua, b. 6, 7, 1753. 

Jacob, b. 10, 3, 1755. 

Ej:>hraim, b. 10, i, 1757 (?). 

James, b. 10, i, 1757. 

Jeffers Amos, b. 12, 10, 1760. 

There are apparently some errors in the alcove list. Eph- 
raim, according to the book of Bailey genealogy, was born in 
1746, and Jeffers Amos is given as Amherst. The name is 
doubtless Amherst, as Jacob Bailey was serving in the French 
War tr<jm 17^6 to 1759 and was made a colonel by General 


Amherst. Abner, John, and Isaac, other sons of Gen. Jacob 
Bailey, do not appear in this record. 

After the close of the h'rench VV^ir Jacob Hailey left Ilamp- 
stead and became the leading- settler of Newbury, Vt. 

There is not time to-day to speak of his later distinguished 
career as a general in the war of the Revolution and afterwards 
as the chief judge of the Orange County court. It is his early 
life at Ilanipstead that chietly interests us to-day. The records 
are indeed brief, but how full of meaning. To be a pewhulder 
at the age of twenty shows a maturity beyond his years. To be 
elected as selectman at the age of twenty-three was no small 

It is interesting to note that his memory is still kept green in 
the town of Ilampstead, not by a moimment of stone or bronze, 
but by a living tree, a beautiful and stately elm on the farm 
where he lived while a resident of the town. It is known as 
the General Bailey Elm, and it was growing when he lived 
there. It is nineteen feet in circumference at a distance of two 
feet above the ground. 

This is my last word to you as Secretary of the Association, 

I have not lost in any way my interest in the Association and 
its work, but the pressure of other duties makes it necessary 
that I should ask to be relieved. There are others, I am sure, 
who will take up the work and carry it forvvard. 

Edwin A. Bailey. — The motion is made that the report be 
accepted and adopted. It is a vote. 

At this time the President of the Association arrived, and on 
taking the chair said, — 

My Friends : 

I hope you will pardon your President for appearing upon tiie 
scene so late, but an electric car took off the forvvard wheel of 
my carriage as I was on my way to the depot, and that is the 
reason of my being delayed. 

The next business is the election of oflicers for the ensuing 




year. The nominatin<^ committee report the following list of 
candidates : — 

Col. Edwin \V. M. Bailey, Amesbury, Mass. 

Vice Presidents. 

1. Hollis R. Bailey, 5. Edwin A. Bayley, 

Cambridge, Mass. Lexington, Mass. 

2. Horace W. Bailey, 6. John Alfred Bailey, 

Newbury, Vt. Lowell, Mass. 

3. Andrew J. Bailey, 7. Eben IL Bailey, 

Boston, Mass. Boston, Mass. 

4. George Edson Bailey, S. J. Warren Bailey, 

Mansfield, Mass. Somerville, Mass. 

Executive Committee. 

1. Charles O. Bailey, 7. Elmer S. Bailey, 

Newbury, Mass. Boston, Mass. 

2. James A. Bailey, Jr., 8. Mrs. Larkin T. Trull 

Arlington, Mass. (Jennie B.) 

Lowell, Mass. 

3. William P. Bailey, 9. Dudley P. Bailey, 

Maiden, Mass. Everett, Mass. 

4. Mrs. Gertrude E. Bailey, 10. ILirrison Bailey, 

Millis, Mass. Fitchburg, Mass. 

5. Rev. Nathan Bailey, 11. Henry T. 13ailcy, 

Pcabody, Mass. North .Scituate, Mass. 

6. Dr. Stephen G. Bailey, 12. Orrin D. Bailey, 

Lowell, Mass. Lakeport, N.IL 

Committee on Genealogy. 
Ilollis R. Bailey, Mrs. Gertrude E. Bailey, 

Cambridge, Mass. Millis, Mass. 

Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth, William IL Reed, 

Rowley, Mass. .South Weymouth, Mass. 


Walter E. Robie, Waltham, Mass. 

James R. Bailey, Lawrence, Mass. 

J. Whitman Bailey, Boston, Mass. 

A motion is made that the report be accepted ami that the 
persons nominated be elected. It is a vote. 

Mr. Edwin A. Bayley. — I am informed that our Secretary, 
Mr. Ilollis R. Bailey, who has served the Association so long 
and so etiiciently, finds it impossible to continue longer in that 
office, and has declined a re-election. It seems to me that his 
service for the Association has been such that we ought not to 
let this opportunity pass without some expression showing our 
appreciation of what he has done and the esteem in which he is 
held by the Association, and so I have prepared a resolution 
which I desire to present at this time. 

" Whereas Ilollis R. Bailey, Esq., who has served the 
Association most efficiently and acceptably for eight years, 
has positively declined a renomination, and — 

" Whereas the Association owes him a debt of gratitude 
which it can never suitably repay, for his constant interest 
in and devotion to the general work of the Association and 
the publication of the various reports of meetings and its 
book on genealogy : 

" Therefore be it resolved that the Association hereby 
heartily acknowledges Mr. Bailey's very faithful and effi- 
cient services in all that relates to the important office 
which he has iilled so long and acceptably, and extends 
to him its most cordial and hearty thanks for the same." 

It is a unanimous vote. 



Mr. President and Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I thank you each and all for your many very kiml words. 

Singing by Mr. Bert O. Wetniore — "The Palms." 


Mr. President, Friends of this Association: 

I am reminded as I stand here to-day that each special situa- 
tion has its own peculiar embarrassments. I don't know that 1 
need tell you all my embarrassments at this time. This is the 
first meeting of this kind that I have attended. I shall not, 
however, venture to give you my biography. I take occasion 
to-day to exj^ress some thoughts thai come to my mind as to the 
influences which are exerted by Associations of this kind. I 
think a wholesome reverence for our ancestors will be recognized 
as a proper sentiment; it is a sentiment which inspires reverence 
for truth, and impels us to do our best. Each one of us is ask- 
ing himself. How came I here.'' What is there in the past 
that I must consider.-' And all the way along the great thought 
of our life is. How may I do my best? We begin life by 
considering the things which belong to nature and the persons 
who are related to us. We say, Such a person is my ancestor. 
My relation to him fixes my place in the great family. We 
considered the blood name first. It is one of the things that we 
ought to consider first. Of course, after a time we read about 
others and talk about others as we are drawn together in the 
common course of life. But one can never ignore the blood of 
his ancestors, because he can never exchange it for other blood, 
better or otherwise. By and by we shall know more fully what 
is meant when we say, I am related to you. 

What are we to each other.'' What are we to the great wide 
world.'' The great wide world is ours, — God made it so. It 
is to me a beautiful world. 


One thing fliat I claim for myself is the name of Bailey, by 
whatever spelling they give it.- We know that whether it he 
spelled Bailey or Bayley we all share it with each other. 

Along the plains of Idaho I was taken one day to see a strange 
land about which nobody has ever written. We simply know 
that some unknown race has in times past lived there, but what 
this race was nobody knows and nobody cares. We are not 
passing through the world in that way. We are writing our 
names so that our descendants shall be glad to lind them anil 
read them. This means something to me. And it ought to 
mean more and more as the years go by. We are standing here 
before this beautiful scene. God made it for us, and God has 
made it very comfortal;le for us at this time. 

The wild Indian formerly roamed here, and then, we aretokl, 
our fathers came here and our mothers. It is, however, not 
enough that we should be what our fathers were. VVe should 
aim to be what our fatlieis ani.1 mothers made it possible for us 
to be. We should hope and plan that our children may be 
greater than we. 

We should not ignore these higher ambitions of life. We 
cannot ignore the blood of our ancestors ; it is ours, and we are 
influenced by it in our larger experiences. 

What are we to the great wide world.? What influences are 
we exerting in the affairs of life.'' Whatever honor we gain, 
every Bailey should share it with us. 

I went once to a fountain. I was thirsty and 1 reached out 
and took the cup that was there and I stepped up to read tlie 
legend of the fountain. I saw some who were there who weie 
not thirsty, who were there because they were interested in the 
story of the fountain. The story of our ancestors is to us as a 
fountain. It has many legends. Let us drink and read, and be 
inspired and refreshed, and make records by which others not 
only may, but must, be inspired as these records are read. 

John Alfred Bailey of Lowell read the following memoir 
of William Uriah Bailey of Newbury, Vt., prepared by his son, 


Horace W. Bailey, giving an account not only of the life of 
William U. Bailey, but also an account of his father and grand- 
father and their descendants : — 

BURY, VT., i;y Horace W. Bailey, his son. 
[Richard (i), Joseph (2), Joseph, Jr. (3), Ezekiel (.[), 
Webster (5), Parker Webster (6), William Uriah (7)]. 

My great grandfather, Webster Bailey, in the fifth generation 
from Richard of Rowley, the first chiKl of Ezekiel to live to 
maturity, was born at West Newbury, Mass., August 23, 1747. 
He was the father of eleven children, seven of whom were Vxjrn 
in the Massachusetts home, and four at Newlniry, Vt. Only 
five of these eleven children had childi-en. It is of these grand- 
children of Webster Bailey that I wish to speak. 

Wel)ster Bailey was, so far as I am able to learn, the first 
descendant of Richard to permanently settle in Vermont, emi- 
grating from Massachusetts in 17SS. The oldest child at the 
time of the arrival of Webster's family at Newbury, Vt., was 
fourteen years of age, so that it follows that all of Webster's 
children who* married at all were married in Vermont. Five 
of the eleven never married. The homes of the eleven childien 
of Webster were in Vermont, and seven of the eleven, together 
with Webster and Mollie Noyes, their parents, repose beneath 
the greensward of the Oxbow cemetery at Newbury, Vt. 

Lydia ( I ). 
The oldest of Webster's chiklren was Lydia, who married 
Jesse White of Newbury, Vt., and settled in the adjoining l(jvvn 
of Topsham. They had five children — all born in Tojisham : 

Amos, born October 2, 1801, died in Topsham May i, 1S6S. 
Jesse, born January 28, 181)3, died in Topsham I'\'briiarv 23, 

Son, born June 28, i8of, died in Topsham same ilay. 
Ezekiel, born October 1 , 180S, died in Topsham July 31, 1899, 
Phoebe, born June 3, 181 i, died in Corinth March 26, 1876. 


The descei^ants of these grandchildren of Webster's (only 
three having issue) number upwards of seventy, many of them 
settled near the old home ; others -are widely scattered. 

William, the second child of Webster, never married, and 
Ezekiel, the third child, although married, had no children. 

Sally (4th). 
Sally married Whitefield Bailey, who was descended from 
James (in the sixth generation), a brother of our Richard. 
Sally settled in Ilardwick, Vt., and became the mother of nine 
children, all born in that town in a log house, only five growing 
to maturity : 

Frederick, born April 12, 1801, died October 15, 1803. 
William, born November 7, 1805, died May 10, 1S63. 
Mary, born June 6, iSoS, died April 11, 181 1. 
Hannah, born October 14, 1810, died June 7, 181 1. 
Lucy, born February 24, 18 13, died June 22, 18S1. 
Kiah, born May 14, 1815, died March 23, 1890. 
Ezekiel W., born March 30, 1820, died August 21, 1896. 
George W., born February 7, 1822, died August 18, 1824. 
Harvey, born October 5, 1824, died February 21, 1897. 

Kiah died and was buried at Delevan, Wis. ; Ezekiel W. at 
Grinnell, Iowa. The others died near the ancestral home. In 
my sketch of the Webster Bailey family at our Sixth Annual 
gathering I published a genealogical table, and stated that at 
that time (1S98) the Sally branch of Webster was the most pro- 
lific; that her descendants numbered seventy-one in all, and I 
expect that during the six intervening years the Sallys have held 
their own, and still lead the grand procession of Websters. 

Mauy (5th). 
Mary married Samuel Hibbard, and settled in Haverhill, 
N.H., just across the Connecticut river from Newbury, where 
their seven children were born : 


Lydia W., born December 14, 1S04, died in Haverhill March 
28, 1811. 

Lucy B., born January 21, 1S07, died in Haverhill April i, 

Ezekiel B., born December 12, 18 10, died in Newbury Novem- 
ber 27, 1892. 

Thomas W. B., born February 8, 181 4, died in Haverhill 
May 25, 1S87. 

Parker B., born April 4, 1817, died (place not known) 1851. 

William B., born March 28, 1820, died in Cliicago Septem- 
ber 2, 1899. 

Mary, born March 22, 1829, now living. 

In 1898 this family numbered thirty-one descendants. 

Betsy (6th). 
Betsy, the sixth child, married Rev. John Dutton, a Congre- 
gational minister. In my genealogical ta])le (see report of the 
Sixth Annual gathering, p. 196'/ scq.)^ I make the grandchil- 
dren of Webster number twenty-five, giving to Betsy only one 
child. I have since learned there were two children, making the 
grandchildren of Webster number twenty-six : 

Daniel Dutton, born in Pomfret, Vt., November 29, iSi9,died 
December 26, 18 19. 

Dorcas Dutton, born in Pomfret, Vt., September 4, 1824, died 
February 1 1, 1S97. 

Dorcas died at South Royalton, Vt., in which vicinity her 
descendants now live. In 189S they numbered fifteen. 

Tempy (7th). 
Tempy, or Temperance, the seventh child, died in infancy. 
The second Temperance, the eighth child, was unmarried. 

Parker W. (9th). 
Parker Webster Bailey was the ninth child. He was the 
grandfather of the writer, and his home during the major por- 


tioii of his life was at or near the ancestral home in Newbury, 
Vt. He had three children : 

Henry W., born in Newbury January i8, 1S19, died in New- 
bury March 5, 1897. 

William U., born in Newbury September 25, 1820, died in 
Newbury June 19, I90.j_. 

Horace W., born in Newbury Novem])er 13, 1822, dieil in 
Newbin-y June 2, 1824. 

Of the twenty-six *,^randchildren of Webster, William Uriah, 
my father, who died June 19, 1904, was the last to depart this 
life, he being the last survivino grandson. The only survivor 
of the twenty-six grandchildren is Mary llibbard Bailey, widow 
of Langdon Bailey, wiio lives at WcKnlsville, N.ll. Nine of 
the twenty-six grantlchildreu never reached maturity. 

The descendants of Barker were the only family to cling to 
the old home town of Newbury, Vt., where they now all reside 
numbering ten persons now living. Seventeen of the twenty-six 
grandchildren were married ; four were twice married. Two 
of the married never bore offspring. The oldest grandchild to 
live to maturity was Amos White. The youngest grandchild, 
Mrs. Mary" llibbard Bailey, now the only survivor, was born in 
1829. These grandchildren were not in the professions, — they 
were farmers, tradespeople, and mechanics. Not one of them 
was college bred. With the exception of Horace W., the 
youngest son of Barker, who was drowned in a tan-vat in 
infancy, they all died a natinal ik-ath. They were nearly all 
church members, and, without exception, strong Whigs, then 
Republicans. These twenty-six persons enumerated constitute 
the entire seventh generation tri>m Richard through Webster 
and withal were a very industrious generation, strong in good 
citizenship, and beloved by all within their radius. 

The following sketch of William LJ. Bailey was prepared for 
the Bradford, Vt., " Opinion," a local paper, by Mr. Frederick 
P. Wells, the historian of Newbin^y : — 



The death of Mr, Bailey at his home in this town on Snnday 
evening, June 19, ends a long and useful life, singularly de\oid 
of incident or change, save such as must come to every man 
who lives to the age of eighty-four. 

He was born September 35, 1S20, on the farm next south of 
the one on which lie died, and on which his father was also 
born, in 1792, the father, Parker \V. IJailey, dying in 1881, also 
on the farm where his son has just died, Webster Bailey, 
father of Parker, and in the lilth generation from Richard 
Bailey, who came from England before 1640, settled in New- 
bm-y about 17S9, was a farmer and tanner and reaicd a family 
of sons and daughters wliose descendants are settled all over the 

He was a man of high standing in town, and a member and 
longtime clerk of the Congregational Church. Parker Webster, 
his son, married Eliza Ward of Haverhill, who was his wife 
sixty-four years. He was one of the pillars of the town ami 
church. They had twcj sons who lived to manhood, Hon. 
Henry W, Bailey and the deceased. 

William U. Bailey married happily, December 2.|, 1S.14, 
Abigail II. Eaton of Wentvvorth, and lived there until i^S'? 
when they came here and he bought the " Samuel While place" 
on the river road, next nortli of the homestead. The old house 
was replaced b)- a new one in 1875, which, with all the farm 
buildings, was burned October 3, 1895, and rebuilt the next 

Mrs. Bailey died suddenly Ncuember 25, 1880. They were 
the parents of five children : Ellen, Mrs. R. S. Chamberlin ; 
Henry J., drowned in 1862; Horace \V., now Unitetl States 
marshal for Vermont; Warren \\^, on the homestead, and 
Jesse P., who died on January J9, 1S99, Tlicy had eight grand- 
children, all living but one. Of tiic twenty-live grandcliildien 
of VVebster and Mary (Noye-,) Paiiey, only one, Mis. Mary 
Hibbard P>ailev of Woodsvillc, i-- mkw living. 


William Bailey led a singularly quiet life. Excepting the few 
years in Wentworth, it was all passed in the immediate vicin- 
ity of his birthplace. He made few journeys, held no olHce, 
but devoted his entire time to tlie interests of his extensive farm 
and his family. No man ever cared less for display or notoriety. 
He was not impidsive, formed his convictions slowly, but, when 
convinced, was immovable. From two places he was rarely ab- 
sent, his home and his place at church. 

His memory was tenacious, and stored with reminiscences of 
his youth, his business, and the events of Newbury and Haver- 
hill. His nature was generous and kind, his life above re- 
prt)ach, and his home an hospitable one. His parents were 
eminent for their God-fearing li\es, and he joined the Congrega- 
tional church in 1875. In politics he was a Whig, and on the 
formation of the Republican party counted himself with it. In 
person he was like his father, tall anil broad shoiddered, and, in 
his prime, a man of great strength. He was an industrious 
man, and, until his body failed, always found enough to do. 
He died of old age, having failed slowly during the past six 
months. Mr. Bailey was a fine representative of a class of 
men who came into active life in the '40s, men who owed little 
to schools find teachers, but by sterling wortli and energy nobly 
sustained the honorable reputatitni which their predecessors had 
given to their town. His funeral on Tuesday was largely 
attended, and he was laid away among his kindretl dead in the 
Oxbow cemetery. Mr. Dan V. Ford, now the only survivor of 
four boys born in the South Newbury school district in Septem- 
ber, 1S20, of wlujni the other three were the deceased, William 
Atwood, and Geoige S. B. Stevens, was present at the funeral, 
as were Edwin R. Davenport and Merrill Goodwin, born in the 
same year. 



I have been asked to read the following poem, written by 
\\'illiam Whitman Baile) of Providence, R.I., a professor in 


Brown University. It is contained in a letter addressed to llol- 
lis R. Bailey : — 

Providence, R.I., U.S.A., 

Februauv 20, 1904. 
HoLLis R. Bailey, Esq., 

My dear Clansman : — The suggestion in the last Report, that 
there are " millions in it," lo wit, our family, has inspired an 
impecunious member, during convalescence from well-nigh fatal 
illness, to pen the following lines : — 


Those " Bailey millions ! " Where are they .'' 

I'd like to see the same to-day I 

It I a quarter part could get, 

I'd stand to treat the crowd, you bet! 

But sad experience seems to tell 

I must to such thoughts say farewell, 

And if I lack the ready chink, 

I'll have lo grub for it, I think. 

I should not let such hope arrest 

My peace of mind, for all the West ; 

But if some fellow of the clan. 

Or lady, in despite of man, 

Updn tlie treasure lays a hand. 

My heart to him, or her'U expand. 

The fact at once I will proclaim. 

That I too am of Bailey name ! 

Most cordially yours, 

William Whitman Bailey, 

of John of Salisbury Line. 

Musical entertainment by Mr. and Mrs. Eben H. Bailey of 

Recitation by Mr. F. O. Wheeler of Salem, N.II. — " Feed- 
ing the Stock." 

Mr. Wheeler was dressed in an old pair of overalls, an old 
brown coat, with a red handkerchief hanging from a pocket, 
goggles, a gray wig, false gray beard, red kerchief around his 


neck, old gray derby, and an old stick for a cane. 'JMie andiunce 
were greatly entertained, and manifested tlieir pleasure by fre- 
quent applause. 


Mr. President, Meimheus ok the Association: 

I have come down from Vermont. I bring you from all the 
Baileys — and they are numerous up there — glad tidings. I 
happen to be the only representative from Vermont. I was 
born in Vermont, and am to-day residing in Vermont. The 
Baileys in Vermont are on the eve of a political campaign. 

It is a mystery how the Baileys spell their names. Some of 
you spell your names with an z', and some of you spell it with a 
j>/, and others with a ee. I received a letter the other day ad- 
dressed to me as " Ilorris Bely." 

Let me ask as many of you as are descendants of Richard 
Bailey to hold up your hands. 

Once more, I am glad to have met you. 

The PRiiSiDENT. — It is getting late and the seals at the rear 
of the stage are crying for their dinner, but 1 will ask you to 
listen to a few words from Mr. William H. Bailey of Boston. 


I remember, when I was a very small boy, the Rev. John 
Pierpont saying that he knew that he should be uiiexpededly 
called upon, whereupon he drew from his pocket a long poem 
written for the occasion ; but I didn't know anything about it, 
consequently I am not prepared to say much of anything. Ac- 
cording to the genealogy of our friend Poor I don't exist. He 
wiped me out of existence with one stroke of his pen. I re- 
minded him of it when he tried to sell me a book. 

It happened that my father, who belonged to the Richard 


Bailey family, was a personal friend and great admirer of Gen. 
W^illiam Ilemy Harrison. lie had a child born in 1836 and 
named it William Henry Harrison. This child dictl in infancy, 
and two years afterwards, in 1S38, when I came along he named 
me William Henry Harrison, bnt on arriving at years of discre- 
tion I concluded the whole would be too great a burden to carry 
through life, so I dropped the Henry. When Mr. Poor came 
to me with his book i told him about it, and he said that what 
he had written must be correct, — " I got it from your father." 
But linally he recollected that he found in reading the proof of 
his book two William Henry Harrisons, and thinking it a mis- 
take of the printer, he drew his pen through one of them, and it 
happened that the one he left was the other fellow, who died a 
natural death, and that he had killed me; another illustration 
of "The pen is mightier than the sword." 

The Baileys are not all of them rich, but they are mostly fairly 
well to do, and there is not one of them in the State's Prison. I 
never heard of one that was hanged. I am very sure none oi j/07c 
are in the State's Prison and none oiyo7i have ever been hanged. 
My opinion of the Baileys, so far as I have known them in the 
past, is that they are a people of very set opinions. There is 
another characteristic of the Baileys, their proneness to contro- 
versy over the question how to spell their names. They are a 
good deal like the man who was very willing to be convinced, 
but he would like to see the man who could convince him. 

In the famous case of Bardell v. Pickwick, Samuel Weller, 
being called as a witness, was asked his name and he having 
given it, the Judge impiired of him, "Do you spell it with a 
'v' or a 'w' r" Samuel replied, "That depends upon the 
taste and fancy of the speller, my lord . . . Init I spells it with 
a ' v'." A voice in the gallery exclaimed, " C^uite right, too, 
Samivil, quite right. Put it down a we, my lord, put it down 
a we," and the Judge very sternly ordered silence and inquired 
who it was that dared to address the court. Samuel replied 
that he suspected it was his father. Now you have the spelling 
Bailey, and I never heard of this other spelling until I became 


acquainted with sonie of the descendants of those who in all 
probability did not know that the name spelled with an / was 
derived from the outer works and strong defences of a castle, a 
most noble origin ; also that the most ancient Court House of 
London, the Old Bailey, is spelled with an i and takes its name 
from the same source, I should wish to have my grandfather 
committed for contempt of court if he spelled it with w y. 1 sus- 
pect that 1 am related to our friend who has just spoken, from 
Vermont. In fact, there isn't any doubt about it in my miiul. 
Like him, I spell my name with an z, and if you prove to be 
satisfied with me, I shall come again until I see where on the 
family tree I belong, and I trust by the aid of the i I shall be 
able to see that I am in the right place. 

In the early days our ancestors had a great deal to do in 
settling the new country, and seemed to be more anxious about 
tinding descendants than in determining who their own ancestors 
were. Of course we should be very glad if they had been inore 
careful about their genealogical records. 


Mr. President : 

This is my second meeting with the Bailey-Bayley Family, 

that is, with the whole family. The pleasure I have had in 
hearing that beautiful hymn sung by Mrs. Ebcn II. Bailey has 
more than repaid me for coming. The hour for adjournment 
has now arrived, and I must not detain you. The Association, 
I believe, is doing a good work, and I hope it will continue and 
flourish for many years. 

A duet, " Auf Wiedersehen," "Till we meet again," com- 
posed by Eben 11. Bailey and sung by Mr. Bert O. Wetmore of 
Boston, baritone, and Mrs. Eben II. Bailey of Boston, soprano, 
concluded the programme. 


The Meeting adjourned for dinner, after which the company 
spent the remainder of the day socially. During the afternoon 
a group photograph of most of those attending the meeting was 

f _______________ 

The following biographical sketches, which were referred to 
in the report of the Committee on Genealogy, but not read, are 
printed as being properly a part of this report. 

BAILEY, BY Ebenezeu Foster Bailey of Fitchbuug, 

My grandfather, Ebenezer Bailey, was born in Tewksbury, 
Mass., April 30, 1739. He was the third child of Joseph and 
Sarah (Goss) Bailey. 1 know but little of the life of Joseph 
Bailey, and nothing of his wife or of her ancestry. I once 
asked my uncle Samuel what he knew about his grandfather, 
and he replied " Nothing," except that he once heard his older 
sister, Mrs. Merriam, say that he met a sudden death, falling 
dead while at work in the field. Since then I have learned a 
few more facts. 

He removed from Bradford, his native town, to Tewksbury, 
in about 1735, locating on a tract of land lying on the Andover 
town line, and also adjoining land of his older brother Samuel, 
who located on the bank of the Merrimac river in Andover, 
on the Tewksbury town line. This must have been about the 
time of his marriage, and so he took his new wife to his new 
farm, and to a new town, too, for Tewksbury was incorporated 
in 1734. He was among the first members of the Congrega- 
tionalist Church, and having musical talent, was, with another, 
chosen to line the hymns and give the key. In the church rec- 
ords of Tewksbury, where I obtained the births of his children, 
I noticed in one place he was recorded Capt. Joseph Bailey, 
which gives the belief that he was prominent in the military 


His wife Sarah died of consumption April 22, 1755. He 
married, second, Apphia Bartlctt, October 3, 1755. He had 
nine cliilthen by his first, antl two by his second wife. The 
two chikhen by the second marriage died young, when two and 
three years old, and four of the children by his first marriage 
died within one year, between September 15, 1760, and August 
S, 1 76 1, the oldest being twenty-five, and the youngest seven 
years. What the malady was that cut down so many in so 
short a time, I do not know. 

My grandfather, Ebenezer, son of Joseph, probably worked 
with his father on the farm until of the proper age to learn a 
trade, and I shall presume he was put an apprentice to some 
shoemaker, as I find, in an old deed of land to liim, he is styled 
a cordwainer. 

October 15, 1762, he was married to Elizabeth Trull, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Hunt) Trull. She was a descendant, 
through her grandmother, Sarah Stearns (who married a Hunt), 
of old Isaac Stearns of Watertown, Alass. They were married 
by the Rev. Sampson Spaulding, the minister of Tewksbury, 
and an uncle by marriage of the bride. One hundred and forty 
years ago I have no doubt it was a very desirable thing to be 
able to call the minister of the town " uncle," and I shall pre- 
sume the bridegroom fully appreciated the honor of his new 

At the time of his marriage, or soon after, he became a citi- 
zen of Billerica, as I find the birth of his first child, I'olly, in 
the records of that town, and here Ebenezer was probably born. 

In a few years we find him in Andover. I don't know the 
date of removal, but it was subsequent to 1766, and l)efore 
1770. About 1766, under a new law, it became the fashion for 
the selectmen of the town to warn away every newcomer who 
held no landed estate, for fear he might sooner or later add to 
the expenses of the town in the pauper department. Miss C 
H. Abbott, in an article in the " Andover Townsman " of some 
four years ago, says, in substance, that Ebenezer Bailey, his 
wife, with three children, Molly, Ebenezer, and Elizabeth, 


strayed here from Tewksbury, and got tlie customary warnino- 
to depart, and she further says that " this warning appears to 
have had no terrors for tliem, for I (inrl a Sara annexed to the 
ineligible Hst in 1770, after which Ebenezer departs." But he 
did not depart until 1773, and after the birth of Rhoda, who was 
an infant when he removed his family to Westmoreland. And I 
find, also, that in 1770 his lather, Joseph, conveyed to him a tract 
of land in Andover of ninety acres, which must have taken him 
out of the list of prospective paupers. So that it is evident he 
was not driven out of the town by virtue of the provisions of the 
law of 1766. All the facts I have been able to gather confirm 
the statement that sometime in the year 1773 he was, with his 
family, in Westmoreland, N.H., and was set over a little Bap- 
tist church in the East Parish of that town (now known as East 
Westmoreland) as their minister, with the cognomen of Elder 

tJow, from being a shoeniaker, and, as I believe, a Congrega- 
tionalist, he became a Baptist and an elder in the church, I 
know not. The causes that led thereto, and the steps that 
marked the way of the transition, 1 know not, no facts that 
could reveal them having come down in veritable history to any 
of his now living descendants. 

I believe it is safe to presume that his early life furnished him 
with small opportunities for education — nothing beyond the 
orilinary advantages of that day, which weic meagre. That 
ten years of his life, so barren of known fact, furnishes a fine 
field for historical romance. When and how did he receive his 
first aspirations to fill a larger place in tiie world than was prom- 
ised by the shoemaker's bench ? \V^as it when at work with 
hammer and lapstone, pounding the stiff and unyielding sole 
leather, tliat he heard a still, small voice calling him away from 
his occupation to the work of bieaking the hard hearts of unre- 
pentant men, and making human souls soft and yielding, fit for 
the Master's service.'' And if he decided to resjiond U> llie call, 
how could it be accomplished.? With his imperfect attainments 
in general learning he could not expect success as a Congrega- 


tional clergyman, of whom a liberal education was recjuired, but 
there was the Baptist, who, in those days, had no appreciation 
for written sermons or orieat learning. Here, now, was his 
opportunity; over in Andover, near the town line of Tevvks- 
bury, was a little Baptist community in the full enjoyment of 
all the services and sacraments of the Baptist faith. This may 
or may not have been the time he changed his opinions in 
regard to the quantity of water indispensable to salvation, ami this 
may or may not have been the motive of his removal to AndtA'er. 
But, once there, and we know he was, I am sure he sought to 
improve himself intellectually and religiously, tliat he labored to 
excel as an exhorter in the Baptist meetings, and that he accjuired 
an induence that securetl the otlice of elder in the church. 

How he came to locate in Westmoreland is also a held for 
historical romance. The Baptists of those days were usually 
men of humble origin, but full of energy and zeal, and devoted 
to the propagation of the faith. Thev cultivated a strong per- 
sonal attachment to the whole brotherhood of Baptist saints ; 
and to any brother of the faith, and especially a preaclier of the 
everlasting gospel by immersion, hospitality was sure and gen- 
erous. It was then usual to send out into the sparsely populated 
region of the newly settled states of New Hampshire and Ver- 
mont horseback missionaries, who would go into the little vil- 
lages and hamlets, gather the faithful, and establish churches, 
and thus, while the missionary contributed to tlie spread and 
enlargement of the denomination, he was given the opportunity 
to select a place for settlement and for the location of his fam- 
ily. Thus the proceeds of agriculture which he might gather 
from the soil by his six days' labor, added to the small stipend 
he received for his services on the seventh day, would furnish a 
livelihood for himself and family. This was a simple and 
cheap way for the Baptists to propagate their religion ; the only 
equipment needed was a horse, bridle, saddle, saddle-bags, 
Bible, and hymnbook ; the pious hospitality of the Baptist 
brotherhood who lived on his circuit supplied the needs of tiie 
missicjnary during liis journey from home. 


My graiulfatlier may have selected Westmoreland lor his 
home while serving on this circuit as a missionary, or he may 
have l)een introduced to it by some missionary, or he n)ay have 
been induced to go there by his two brothers, who 1 know lived 
at one time in that town, although I am inclined to believe that 
they went there after my grandtather. Be that as it may, the 
fact lemains that he removed his family to East Westmorehuid 
in 1773, and probably went thrtnigh the usual experiences of 
new settlers in erecting a habitation and in clearing the land. 

His family then consisted of himself, wife, and five children, 
— Polly, El)enezer, Betsey, Sarah, and Rhoda, — four girls and 
one boy, the oldest about ten and the youngest less than two 
years of age. For six or seven years he labored on his farm 
during the week to supply the needs of his growing family, and 
on Sunday ministered to the still greater spiritual needs of his 
little dock of saints and sinners. Within these years three more 
children were boin : Thirza, born May 1=^, 1774 I Sanuiel, born 
May 25, 1777, who died in infancy ; and Hannah, born Septem- 
ber 21, 1778. 

About this time, when the boy Ebenezer was about fifteen 
years old, a very sad event occuired in the tragic death of this 
only son, who had become the endeared object of his father's 
affections and hopes. One day he went out with a young man 
on a hunting expedition for wild turkey and was brought home 
helpless and bleeding from a gunshot lired by his companion, 
who alleged, in palliation, that he heard a rustling in the bushes 
and supposed it was a turkey and so lired, with the fatal result. 
He lingered a few days under the doctor's care antl died. We 
can imagine the anguish that tilled the hearts of the family, and 
especially of the stricken father, at the loss of this beloved son, 
in whom were centered so many precious hopes. 

From circumstances in the case my grandfather came to be- 
lieve that the killing of his boy was the result of gross careless- 
ness on the part of the young man. It is probable that in the 
intensity of his emotions, he did not duly consider the mitigating 
circumstances of the other side. When the doctor sent in his 



bill for attendance on the son, the young man who shot him was 
asked to pay it, but refused to do so. The matter was placed in 
arbitration, with a decision in favor of my grandfather. The 
young man still declined, and not until the commencement of 
legal proceedings did he settle the bill. My grandfather got his 
doctor's bill paid, but in so doing, he made two unrelenting 
enemies, who did what they could thereafter to destroy his in- 
tluence in the church, and drive him from the pidpit. These 
two men now on the warpath soon had their opportimity. I 
believe that in those days many, if not the majority, of the 
Baptist churches had no creed to which the members were 
required to subscribe, but the church in Westmoreland had one, 
and I presume it was hyper-Calvinistic. Now my grandfather 
had modified somewhat his views of the Calvinistic faith. He 
seems to have dropped entirely the doctrine of election, antl 
to have placed an interrogation point against some sections in 
the doctrine of the atonement relative to its vicarious feature. 
Grandfather desired to have new members admitted without 
being required to subscribe to the creed, which was objected to 
by a few of the church, including, of course, the two implacables 
referred to. The church voted on the question and decided to 
dispense with the creed. Then tlie two hostile members, with 
ten others, separated from the majority and set up the conten- 
tion that the creed could not be dispensed with, or changed, 
without the consent of every member, and therefore, they, this 
little minority, were the church, and that the majority, by tlieir 
action, were unchurched. They assumed church authority, and 
called the majority to account for their conduct, and threatened 
discipline. The majority responded by instituting proceedings 
in discipline against the minority members and putting them 
under admonition. In about one year the minority came back, 
having discovered the weakness of their position. But the war- 
fare against the pastor was still kept up all the same, so that for 
the lalt twenty-five years of grandfather's ministry, there was a 
long series of church meetings and councils. It was during 
these troublous times that my grandfather did what seems to me 


to have been a very unwise thing. The young man who killed 
grandfather's only son in so careless a manner as, in his view, 
to constitute the crime of manslaughter, had never manifested 
any regret for the act, and grandfather believed that as they both 
were members of the same church, it was a proper subject to be 
acted upon by that body. He accordingly made his complaint, 
which action, being taken some fifteen or more years after the 
event occurred, did not meet the approval of the majority of the 
church. He then brought the matter before a council, whose 
deliverance in favor cjf gramlfather was not agreed to by the 
church. And thus the war continued until he was about seventy 
years old, when, disheartened and broken somewhat in mind, he 
was dismissed by council. The church, rent and torn by divi- 
sions and controversies, soon went to pieces, and for some time 
the religious wants of the little community were met by short, 
temporary supplies and by itinerant preachers who happened 
that way. About fifty years ago, the little church in which 
grandfather used to preach was taken down into the valley, now 
a little village (East Westmoreland), and is run as a union 
church, where all persuasions of the evangelical type harmonize 
their differences in one preacher. 

The year 1797 was memorable to my grandfather and family 
as one of deep sorrow and atlliction in the death of his beloved 
daughter, Rhoda, by the smallpox. This occurred in May of 
that year. The chikhen living at home with grandfather at 
that time were Betsey, Thirza, Khoda, among those 1 have 
before named, — Polly, Sally, and Hannah having been married, 
(Ilamiah was married in Fel)ruary of that year), and Ebenezer, 
born March 15, 17S1, and Samuel, born March 25, 1786. 

Rhoda contracted the disease from a girl who had come into 
the family about two weeks before she (the girl) was taken 
sick. When the doctor came, he pronounced it the smallpox, 
and put the whole family into quarantine, and inoculated every 
member with the smallpox virus, as that was the mode of deal- 
ing with the disease. Vaccination was not in vogue at that 
time. The whole family was sick with the dread disease, iso- 


lated, shut out from the world, and filled with forebodings for 
the result. Rhoda, who had taken care of the girl upon her 
first being sick, took the disease from her, and had it in malig- 
nant form. She died May 14, 1797. The same night of her 
deatl^ the coffin was made, and in the morning, not being allowed 
to take the body to the cemetery, she was buried on grand- 
father's land, a sliort distance from the house. Shut in, stricken, 
and alone, the faiiiily watched in sorrow the weary hours and 
days, as they slowly came and went, until it was pronounced 
safe to be released from the quarantine. 

The dismissal of my grandfather from his pastorate at his 
age, in connection with infirmities of mind consequent, no 
doubt, partly, at least, on the harassing controversies he had 
passed through, made it equivalent to a permanent cessation 
from preaching, and which, I have no doubt, grieved him 
much. After tiairty years of leadership, this sudden transition 
from priest to layman was not smooth and easy. His last years 
were marked by a tendency to live over again his troublous life, 
to mourn the tragic death of his son, to deprecate the apologiz- 
ing and degenerate views others entertained in regard to the sin 
of manslaughter, and to give instruction on the scriptural re- 
quirements for church discipline. Notwithstanding his impair- 
ment of mind, his physical strength and vigor continued una- 
bated, and he still pursued his old mode of travel on horseback 
and would maintain his seat in the saddle with an erectness and 
firmness very unusual for one of his years. But his mental 
malady increased, and he came to manifest eccentricities not 
altogether pleasing to his family. He died in 1S15. "After 
life's fitful fever, he sleeps well." 

I do not feel that I am in possession of sufficient data to 
make an accurate and full estimate of grandfather's character 
and abilities. But when I consider how handicapped he was 
in the beginning of his ministry by that unfortunate event which 
procured for him the personal enmity of two active and persist 
ent church members, and his change of theological views, and 
his securing by church action the setting aside of the church 


creed (always a delicate and dangerous business), it becomes 
very evident to iny mind that if grandfather had not possessed 
in a good degree the virtues of rectitude of conduct and a blame- 
less Christian life, vs^ith also a good ability to set forth the rea- 
sons and scriptural authority for his positions taken in regard to 
church government and doctrinal views, he could not, antag- 
onized as^he was by such hostile opposition, have been able so 
well to hold the majority of the church, and continue his pastor- 
ate so long. 

Two or three years ago, I, with my two sons, Eben and Har- 
rison, went on a short pilgrimage to our ancestral homestead. 
We found the building gone ; but the straggling remains of the 
tansy bed and the lilac bushes and a few broken, crumbling 
bricks told where the house used to stand, a home, which family 
pride and affection prompts me to say, in which was reared one of 
the best families of New England. We then directed our steps 
southeastward one hundred rods to the site of the little village, 
once the centre of East Westmoreland civilization. The church 
building where grandfather used to preach, and the schoolhouse, 
which once housed for instruction one huntlred scholars during 
winter months, were both .gone, and the old store was now no 
moi-e, arKl the dwelling house adjoining was in ruins, with roof 
fallen in, and broken timbers and rubbish lying in chaos around, 
a sight sad to behold. And Cook's old quasi-tavern, with its 
smashed-in windows, and rotten floors, and fallen plastering, 
and loosened clapboards, presented a sadder spectacle. It all 
reminded me of ancient Eastern ruins, described as the abode of 
bats, the hiding place of serpents, and the habitation of dragons. 
Taken altogether it was not a pleasant place to revisit. 

BAILEY, uv Ehenezeu Foster Bailey. 

Goldsmith Fox Bailey was the s'on of Ebenezer and Lucy 
Goldsmith Bailey, the youngest of four children, and was born 
in Westmoreland,, July 17, 1S23. Ilis father was a 


farmer, a man of more than ordinary intelligence and versatility 
of talent. In his early manhood he tanght school in the winter 
months. He was interested in public matters, and served his 
town in various capacities, was inrtuential in the deliberations 
at town meetings, and his judgment in the management of town 
affairs was respected. He acquired considerable knowledge of 
the law, and of practical surgery, and actually performed some 
surgical operations requiring some skill. It was said that a 
noted business man of those days declared that Mr. Bailey could 
manage a case in court better than one half of the professionals. 
As a neighbor he was sympathetic and generous in his dealings, 
and was continually rendering assistance to tlie widow and 
fatherless. He died February 26, 1S25, when the son was less 
than two years old. 

In al)out one year, and after the settlement of the estate, which 
proved to be insolvent, the widowed mother took her two chil- 
dren, some household furniture, and the scanty proceeds of her 
dower, and removed to Fitch1)urg, Mass., as a residence prom- 
ising better opportunities for schooling, and for gaining a liveli- 
hood. Until he was twelve years old, the subject of this sketch 
received the best school advantages that Fitchburg could give, 
and the best moral and religious training that a wise and affec- 
tionate mother could bestow. At this early age of twelve he 
went forth from home to seek a livelihood, and to solve for him- 
self the problems of life. On farm, in shop, and facttiiy, he 
found that employment v/hich gave him a living, and some 
schooling during each winter, until he was seventeen years old, 
when he removed to Bellows Falls, Vt., to learn the printer's 
art in the office of John W, Moore, who published and edited 
the " Bellows Falls Gazette." After being there nearly three 
years Mr. Moore decided to change his residence and sokl out, 
.S. M. Blake and G. F. Bailey being the purchasers. They to- 
gether conducted the business about one year, when Mr. Bailey 
retired from the lirm, and soon after enteretl the law- oiiicc of 
William C. Bradley of Westminster, Vt., as a student. In 
184s he came to Fitchburg and became a slutlenl in ihe law 



office of Toirey & Wood. Such was the readiness with which 
lie gained a knowledge of the principles and practice of the law 
that he soon won the favor and confidence of the firm to that 
degree that they gave to him the management of all the cases 
tried in the Justice Court, and when, in 1848, he was admitted 
to the bar, he was received into the firm as a partner. 

In May, 185 i, he was appointed postmaster of Fitchburg by 
President Fillmore, which office he held two years. 

December 21, 1853, he was married to Miss Sophia F. 
Billings at Woodstock, Vt., daughter of Oel and Sophia W. 

In the fall of 1S56 he was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives of the Massachusetts Legislature, and the next 
year to the Massachusetts vSenate, and again to the Senate for 
i860, during which 3'ear he served as Chairman of the Judiciary 

In the fall of i860 he was nominated and elected a member 
of the Thirty-Seventh United States Congress froni the Ninth 
Massachusetts District. It was a fiercely contested election. 
The excitement was intense, and the congressional issue within 
the bountlaries of the district absorbed the attention of the peo- 
ple beyond any other issue in the ])residential campaign. Hon. 
Eli Thayer, the incumbent, was a man of ability, of aml)itious 
aims, energetic, courageous, and irrepressible, and also had 
been popular with the people. Having differed from his parly 
on the question of the prohibition by law of slavery in the terri- 
tories, and failing of a nomination, he ran as an independent 
candidate. He made a vigorous campaign through the entire 
district, speaking night and day up to the time of election. He 
succeeded in dividing the Republican party, and in securing to 
himself almost the entire Democratic vote. But, notwithstand- 
ing, Mr. Thayer met with a decisive defeat, and Mr. Bailey 
was elected. 

The election was succeeded by great rejoicing, by torchlight 
processions and speeches, bonfires and illiuninations. But amid 
all these rcjt)icings and congratulations, Mr. Bailey, knowing 


well the fatal inroads that consumption had made upon him, 
could not Init be coascicnis that, standing behind the veil, the 
ant^cl of death was already numberinij liis few remaining days on 
earth. Yet he bravely ner\cd himself to meet, as best he could, 
all the duties of his ollice. 

Near the close of winter, in order to escape the damp ami 
chilly east winds of New l^iyland, he went South, visited Cuba, 
and then Florida, where he remained until the bombardment and 
surrender of Fort Sumier, which event fdled the whole country 
with intense excitement, especially the Southern states, that very 
soon became, as it were, one threat military camp, in busy prepara- 
tion for the impending conllict. It was with consideiable dilli- 
culty that he made his way home through the states of Georgia, 
'I'ennessee, and Kentucky, emerging into the free states at Cin- 
cinnati. On his homeward journey he stopped in Washington 
a few days, where his friends were eager to get an accoimt of 
his experiences and observations in the South. 

lie attended the extia session of Congress in Jidy, and was 
there during the excitement consequent upon the first battle of 
l)ull Run. Again, upon the convening of Congress in Decem- 
ber, he went to Washington, taking with him his wife and 
child, lie attended the sessions so far as his failing stiengtii 
would permit, and when no longer able to go to the Capitol he 
came home to Fitchbiug, in the month of March, wlicre he dietl 
May S, 1S62. And thus, in early manhood, was extinguished 
the earthly life of one who had, in promise, a career of useful- 
ness and eminence. 

Mr. Bailey possessed in well-rounded form, and in full meas- 
ure, all those elements of mind and heart so favorable to success 
and to the building of a symmetrical character. Ilis mind very 
readily comprehended the general princij^les and the essential 
pcnnts in any subject under consideration, and he could express 
himself with clearness and iluency. He was fairly quick of 
perception, had a retentive memory, understood thoroughly the 
importance of the gathering and arrangement of facts as a 
foniulalion for conclusions that would stanil the test, lie was 


cordial and generous, a pleasant and genial companion, cpiick to 
sec the humorous side of things, and could so illumine a dull 
narrative with wit and imagery as to make it spicy and enter- 
taining. Warm hearted himself, he made friends wherever he 
went, and many of such friendships were lasting and valualde. 
And yet, if occasion required, he could make manifest an un- 
bending firmness, and could, under unusual provocation, spirit- 
edly defend himself by the use of terse sentences, wrought of 
plain Saxon words. 

But it was within the realm of the domestic affections that he 
found the sources of his highest happiness. Home, to him, 
was the palace of the soul. His love for wife, child, and 
mother was strong, tender, and constant, and any contribution 
to their happiness was a joy to him. His filial affection for his 
mother was a prominent feature of his life. In a letter to her 
from Key West, Fla., dated March i8, iS6i, he wrote, " How 
much I long to see you all at home no one can tell. I do hope 
that you continue in health and that all I love are prusiK-ring. 
That God may bless you, my dear mother, fure\cr, is the 
prayer of your affectionate son." And in a letter to her from 
Washington, dated February 23, 1S62, he wrote, " I do long 
for the quiet of my own home, witli you there to make it still 
more homelike." Referring to his own health he wrote, " I 
sometimes wish for restored health, but it is best as it is. He 
who doeth all things well should be truste(i even in the issue of 
life and death. My days on earth must be few. I hope they 
will not be days of murmuring or repining, although they 
should be days of suffering. Into the hands of the Infinite 
Father I commit all, and await His will. May God bless you, 
my dear mother, alway." 


In the House ok Rei'kesentatives. 

Mr. Thomas ok Massachusetts. — My colleagues, Mr. 
Speaker, liave assigned to me the duty of announcing to the 
House the deatli of one of our number, lion. Goldsmith F. 
Bailey, at his home in Fitchburg, Mass., on the Sth inst. 

The story of his life is a brief and manly one. lie was born 
on the 17th of July, 1S23, in Westmoreland, N.II., a state that 
has given to her sisters so many of her jewels, and yet always 
kept her casket full and sparkling. Fatherless at the age of 
two, he was thrown wliolly upon his own resources at the age 
of twelve. What we ordinarily call education (schooling) was 
finished substantially at the age of sixteen. But he early dis- 
covered that the only true culture is self-culture, the only true 
development self-development ; that in the sweat u[ a man's own 
face he must eat the brcad-of knowledge ; and that in the school 
of narrow fortune and of early struggle are often to be found the 
most invigorating disciplines and the wisest teachers. 

At the age of sixteen he began to learn the art of printing. 
We need but glance at our history, or look around us at either 
end of the Capitol, tu learn that as printing is the most encyclo- 
pedic of arts, so the printing oiHce is among the best places of 
instruction. In diffusing knowledge, the pupil acquires it, and 
in preparing the instruments for educating others, educates him- 
self. I have revered the art from my forefathers, as Faul would 
have said, and mine, therefore, may be a partial judgment; but 
some of the best-educated men it has been my pleasure to know 
received their degrees at the printer's college. 

Mr. Bailey, having learned his art, was for some time the 
associate printer, publisher, and editor of a country newspaper, 
a business, I suspect, not very lucrative or attractive. It did not 
till the measure of his hopes, and in 1S45 he left the printing 
office for the study of the law. He pursued his studies in the 
office of Messrs. Torrey & Wood of Fitchburg, sound lawyers 
and most estimable men. Their appreciation of their student 



was such Ihat, upon his admission to the bar in December, i8.|S, 
lie was received into the iirm as a partner. 

Mr. Bailey had been in the practice of his profession some 
thirteen years before his election to this House. A leading 
position al the bar in New England is seldom attained in thir- 
teen years, and especially at a Iku" which, even from days before 
the Revolution, has been so eminent as that of the county of 
Worcester. But Mr. Bailey had acquired high rank among his 
brethren, and l)y courteous manners, careful learning, sound 
judgment, and sterling integrity had secured the respect of the 
people and of courts and juries. 

His public life was very brief. In 1S56 he was elected a 
representative in the Legislature of Massachusetts, and in 1S5S 
and i860 was a member of the State Senate. In this new field 
of labor he was eminently successful, and in his second year 
in the Senate it may be fairly said there was no man in the 
body in whom his colleagues or the public reposed more 

The ability and fidelity with which he discharged these high 
duties attracted the attention and won the regard of the people 
of his district, and in November, 1S60, in a canvass warmly 
contested by an able and popular man, he was elected to this 

He took his seat at the extra session in July. But over his 
new and expanded horizon the night was already shutting down. 
The hand of death was laid visibly upon him. You could hear 
the very rustling of his wings. 

He came back in December apparently a little better. It was 
but the gl(jw of sunset, the llickering of the llame before it goes 
out. He lost strength from day to day, and at last went home 
to die — to realize the Spanish benediction, " xvlay you die among 
your kindred," and, what is of infinitely greater moment, the 
divine benediction, '' Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

To om- narrow vision, Mr. Speaker, such a life seems imper- 
fect, such a death premature. To wrestle with adverse fortune, 
as Jacob with the angel, until you wrest from it its blesings, to 


struggle through youth and early manhooil ; to reach the thresh- 
okl of mature lile, of usefulness and of lionor, and to sink weary 
and exhausted before the open door. 

It is a narrow view, Mr. Speaker, which a serene trust in God 
and in His infinite wisdom and inlinite goodness at once dispels. 
We wipe the mist from our eyes, and see that all is well. In 
the presence and with the consciousness of an immortal life, 
what matters it whether much or little be spent this side 
the veil, provided, as with our departed brother, it is well 

Mr. Speaker, death is busy everywhere around us. The ac- 
complished jurist, the pure patriot, the statesman, wise and 
good, passes away in the Sabbath stillness. Amid the thunders 
of artillery, rocking like a cradle land and sea, amid lire and 
smoke, the shrieks of the wounded, the groans of the dying, the 
wail of defeat, and the shouts of triumph, the angel reapers are 
garnering in fields seemingly not white for the harvest. The 
flower of our youth, the beauty of our Israel, is slain in our high 
places. The victories in this holy struggle for national life and 
" liberty in law" are sealed with our most precious blood. Yet 
in this hour of chastened triumph, of mingled joy and sadness, 
that tranquil death in a far-off New England home comes very 
nigh to us, with its solemn, I trust not unheeded, warning. 
" Be ye also ready." 

I offer the following resolutions : — 

" Resolved, That the House has heard widi profound 
sorrow the announcement of the death of Hon. Goldsmith 
F. Bailey, a member of this House from the ninth congres- 
sional district of the state of Massachusetts. 

" Resolved, That this House tenders to the widow and 
relatives of the deceased, the expression of its deep sym- 
pathy in this afflicting bereavement. 

" Resolved, That the Clerk of this House communicate 
to the widow of the deceased a copy of these resolutions. 

" Resolved (as a further mark of respect). That a copy 


of these resolutions be communicated to the Senate, and 
that the House do now adjourn," 

Remarks were also made by Messrs. Ashley, Train, and 

In the Senate. 

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. James 
W. Clayton, annoiniced the death of Hon. Goldsmith F. Hailey, 
late a member of the House from the state of Massachusetts, and 
communicated the proceedings of the House thereon. 

Hon. Charles Sumner, senator from Massachusetts, spoke as 
follows : — 

Mr. President : The last Representative of Massachusetts 
snatched away by death during the session of Congress was 
Robert Rantoul. Rijoe in years and brilliant in powers, this 
distinguished person tardily entered these Halls, and he entered 
them not to stay, but simply to go. Congress was to him only 
the antechamber to another world. Since then ten years have 
passed, and we are now called to commemorate another Repre- 
sentative of ISIassachusetts, snatched away by death (hn-ing the 
session "of Congress. Less ripe in years and less brilliant in 
powers, Mr. Bailc}' occupied a less space in the eyes of the 
country ; but he had a soul of perfect purity, a calm intelligence, 
and a character of his own which inspired respect and created 
attachment ; and. he, too, was here for so brief a term that he 
seems only to have passed through these Halls on his way, with- 
out alas, the privilege of health as he passed. 

l?orn in 1S23, Mr. Bailey had not yet reached that stage of life 
when, according to a foreign proverb, a man has given to the 
world his full measure, and yet he hail given such a measure of 
himself as justified largely the confidence of his fellow citizens. 
This was the more rcmarkalde, as he commenced life without 
those advantages which assure early education and open the way 
to success. At two years of age he was fatherless, of Innnble 
parentage and scanty means. I'rom school he followed the 


example of Franklin, and became a printer. There is no call- 
ing, not professional, which to an intelligent mind affords better 
opportunities of culture. The daily duties of the young printer 
are daily lessons. The printing oHice is a school, and he is a 
scholar in it. As he sets types he studies and becomes familiar 
at least with language and the mystery of grammar, orthography, 
and punctuation, which, in early education, is much. Aiul, if 
he reads proofs, he becomes a critic. At the age of twenty-two 
our young printer changed to a student of law, and in 184S was 
admitted to the bar. 

It was the very year of his admission to the bar that the ques- 
tion of slavery assumed impreccdentetl proportions from the 
efforts made to push it into the territories of the United States. 
Although he took no active part in the prevailing controversy, it 
must have produced its impression on his mind. It was to 
maintain the proliibition of slavery in the territories and to repre- 
sent tliis principle that he was chosen to Congress. In a speech 
at the time he uphekl this cause against the oj^en opposition of 
its enemies and the more subtile enmity of those who disparaged 
the importance of the principle. Never had Representative a 
truer or nobler constituency. It was of Worcester, that large 
central county of Massachusetts and broad girdle of the Com- 
monwealth, which, since this great controversy began, has been 
always iirm and solid for freedom. To represent a people so 
intelligent, honest, and virtuous was in itself no small honor. 

IJut with this honor came soon those warnings which teach 
the futility of all honor on earth. What is honor to one whom 
death has alreaily marked for its own.'' As life draws to its 
close, the consciousness of duty done, especially in softening the 
lot of others, must be more grateful than anything which the 
world alone can supply. Even the spoiler. Death, cannot touch 
such a possession. But this consciousness was not wanting to 
the invalid who was now a wanderer in quest of health. Com- 
pelled to escape the frosts of his Massachusetts home during the 
disturbed winter of 1S61, when these civil coimnotions were 
l)eginning to gather, he journe\eil nearer to the sun, and in the 


soft air of the Mexican gulf found respite, if not repose, when 
he was overtaken by that blast of war, which, like " A vicjlent 
cross-wind from either coast " swept over the country. Escaping 
now from the menace of war in Florida, as he had already 
escaped from the menace of climate in Massachusetts, he trav- 
ersed the valley of the Mississippi, and succeeded in reaching 
his home. At the session of Congress called to sustain the 
Government he appeared to take his seat ; but a hand was fast- 
ened upon him which could not be unloosed. Again he came 
to his duties here during the present session. But while his 
body was weak, his heart was strong. He often mourned his 
failing strength, because it disableil him from speaking and act- 
ing at this crisis. lie longed to be in the front rank. But he 
was not a cipher. He was a member of the Committee on 
Territories in the House of Representatives, and its chairman 
relates that this dying Representative was earnest to the last that 
his vote should be felt for freedom. " Let me know when you 
wish my vote, and tliough weak, I shall surely be with you," 
said the faithful child of Massachusetts. This is something for 
his tombstone, and I should fail in just loyalty to the dead if I 
did not mention it here. 

As a member of this committee he put his name to a report 
which became at once a political event. In the uneventful life of 
an invalid, who was here for a few weeks only, it ought not to 
be passetl over in silence. By a resolution adopted on the 23d 
of December, 1861, the Committee on Territories was instructed 
"• to inquire into the legality and expediency of estal)lishing 
territorial governments within the limits of disloyal States or 
districts." After careful consiileratioii of this momentous ques- 
tion, the committee reported a bill to establish temporary pro- 
visional governments over the districts of covmtry in rel)trllion 
against the United States. This bill assimied two things, which, 
of course, cannot be called in question : first, that throughout 
the rel)el region the old loyal state governments had ceased to 
exist, leaving no person in power there whom we could right- 
fully recognize; ami, secondly, that the Constitution of the 


United States, notwithstanding all the efforts of rebellion, was 
still the supreme law throuj^diout this rcj^ion, without a foot of 
earth or an inhabitant taken from its rightful jurisdiction. As- 
suming the absence of state governments and the presence of the 
national Constitution, the bill undertook, through the exercise of 
congressi(jnal jurisdiction, to supply a legitimate local govern- 
ment, with a governor, legislature, and court; but it exj^ressly 
declared that " no act shall be passed establishing, protecting, 
or recognizing the existence of slavery; nor shall saitl tempo- 
rary government, or any department thereof, sanction or declare 
tiie right of one man to property in another." In a succeeding 
section it was made the duty of the authorities " to establish 
schools for the moral and intellectual culture of all the inhabi- 
tants, and to provide by law for the attendance of all children 
over seven and under fourteen years of age not less than three 
months in each year." It was with a thrill of joyful assent that 
Mr. Bailey united with the majority of the committee in this 
V)ill. It was his last public act, almost his (ndy public act in 
Congress, and certainly tlie most important of his puldic life. 
As a record of purpose and aspiration it will not be forgotten. 

To sucli a measure he was instinctively moved by the strength 
of his convictions and his sense of the practical policy needed 
for the sup))ort of the Constitution. lie had no tenderness for 
the rebellion, and he saw with clearness that it could be ended 
only by the removal of its single cause. His experience at the 
South added to his appreciation of the true character of slavery, 
and increased his determination, lie did not live to see this re- 
bellion siibdued, but he has at least left his testimony behind. 
He has taught by what sign you are to concpier. He has siiown 
the principle which must be enlisted. Better th;m an army is 
such a principle ; for it is the breath of God. 

Mr. Bailey was clear in understanding as he was pure in 
heart. His life was simple, and his manners unaffected. His, 
loo, were all the household virtues which make a heaven of 
home, and he was bound to this world by a loving wife and an 
(ndy chiKl. lie was happy in l)eing spared t(j reach his own 


fireside. Sensible that death was approaching, he was unwilHng 
to continue iicre among strangers, and, tliough feeble and fail- 
ing, he was conveyed to Fitchburg, where, after a brief periotl 
among kindred and friends, he closed his life. His public place 
here is vacant, and so also is his public place in Massachusetts. 
lint there are other places also vacant : in his home, in his luisi- 
uess, and in his daily life among his neighbors, in that beautiful 
town scooped out of the wooded hills, where he was carried 
back to die. 

I offer resolutions, identical with those adopted on the death 
of Robert Rantoul : 

" Resolved, unanimously, that the Senate mourns the 
death of Hon. Goldsmith F. Bailey, late a member of the 
House of Representatives, from Massachusetts, and tenders 
to his relatives a sincere sympathy in this afflicting bereave- 

'' Resolved (as a mark of respect to the memory of the 
deceased), that the Senate do now adjourn." 

The resolutions were agreed to, and the Senate adjourned. 


By courtesy of his son, George T. Bailey of Maiden, the 
paper was loaned to Mr. Ebenezer F. Bailey of Fitchburg, from 
whose copy this one is made. It is a frank and simple state- 
ment, a plain and truthful narration unadorned by the flowers 
of rhetoric or the beauties of diction, but it reveals traits of 
character, in the boy and in the man, that must command ad- 

Timothy Bailey, the writer of this autobiography was a de- 
scendant in the sixth generation of James Bailey of Rowley, as 
follows : — 

James (i), John (2), James (3), Joseph (4), William (5), 
Timothy (6). 


1 was born in VVestiuorelaiid, N.H., September 30, 17S5. 
My father and mother were Inmi, one in Andover and the other 
in Tewksbury, Mass., near the Merrimac river. When married, 
they moved to Westmoreland and lived there several years, and 
then moved to Otter Creek, in Vermont. Not liking that coun- 
try at that time they moved to Reading, Vt., and not liking that 
place they moved to Springfield, Vt., and there they stayed .some 
years, but were very poor. 1 remember very well when 1 was 
about seven years old being put to bed in a straw bunk at bud- 
time with the small morsel for supper of only one roasted potato, 
and I cried for more, but could not get it, for it was not to be 
had in the house. My life has been one of labor and toil up to 
sixty years of age. When I was eight years old I had to take 
my little hoe with my father and elder brothers and go into the 
field and hoe in spring grain, instead of harrowing it in, as my 
father was too poor to own a horse or an ox. My mother had 
twelve children, and I am the youngest but one of the twelve. 

In the year 1794, in February, an uncle of mine, whom I was 
named for, the youngest brother of my mother, came to Spring- 
field, where my father yet lived in a log house, and made us a 
visit. When he was ready to go home, he wanted me to go with 
him to Tewksbury, where he lived, and he would make an heir 
of me, for he had no children. I was at the time nine years and 
four months old. My parents finally gave way, and I went home 
with him, a journey of one hundred miles, where I was never 
before. I lived with him about nine years. My uncle was a 
good boot and shoe maker by trade, and he agreed to teach me 
his trade when I should be old enough. lie was a very active 
man in business, and the town chose him for the collector of 
taxes for several years. But while he gathered taxes abroad, 
he became an intemperate man. Both he and his wife would 
drink themselves drunk every day when they could get rum. I 
remember very well how he used to send me with the old horse 
two miles to the store, with a yellow wooden bottle for rum at 
one end of the saddle bags and a rock put into the other end to 
balance it. As soon as 1 got home they would take the wooden 



bottle from the saddle bag, and pour the rum into scjuare bottles 
that would hold a quart each, and then drink to drunkenness, 
and so kept it up as long as tliey lived. They both died drunk- 
ards. I have thought a thousand times how wonderfully I es- 
caped from being a drunkartl myself, for they used to give me 
some of the toddy in the bottom of the tumbler where the sugar 
was left. 

When I was sixteen I went into the shop to learn the trade of 
boot and shoe making, but after a few months I found my uncle 
was gone so much from home, or on the bed in the house, that 
there was no chance for me to learn the trade ; I therefore gave 
it up, and went to work on the farm about two years longer, 
and I worked hard, too. A short time before I left my uncle, 
I found, by what the neighbors said, that his property was all 
mortgaged for more than it was worth, and that my heirship 
would not amount to much. I went home in the month of 
April to see my father, and told him just how I was situated. 
He told me I might come home when I pleased. I went back 
and told my uncle that I must leave him, for 1 could not work 
for him any longer for nothing. He said, " If you go now, you 
go just as you are." He kept the best clothes that I had, and 
what I wore off was not worth twelve dollars. The schooling 
that I received while I was with him was about six weeks each 
year, to a common district school. 

I finally left my uncle's house and went home to my father's. 
I said to my father, " What shall I do.'' You have no farm for 
me to work on. Will you give me my time, or will you sell it 
to me.''" He said in reply that I might have my time by pay- 
ing him forty dollars in the course of that year, which I agreed 
to, and to take care of myself from that time through life. I 
was very small of my age, but I was very smart to work at that 
time. I went to work that spring after I left my father's house 
for Dr. Benjamin Kittredge of Tewksbury, near my uncle's 
where I had lived so long, for the small simi of eight dollars 
per month, for eight months. After I had worked my time out 
with the doctor, I went home to my father's house and paid him 


the forty dollars for my time, and went to school and boarded 
in my father's family during the school term, and paid him for 
my board, and clothed myself with the remainder of my money. 
The next spring I engaged myself to Deacon Poor of Andover, 
to work for him eight months for ten dollars per month, on the 
farm and in the tanyard. The deacon's family was a very 
pleasant one. The next winter I again went home to my 
father's, and attended school as long as it kept, paid my board, 
and had a little money left. 

In the spring of 1S05, in April, I went to work for Dr. 
Adams of Lynnfield, Mass., eight months on the farm, at four- 
teen dollars per month. In the month of May following, I 
made a public profession of religion, and was baptized by im- 
mersion on the first Lord's Day in May by Ebenezer Nelson, 
and joined the Baptist Church in South Reading. I remained 
a member of that church for some years. At last I removed 
my relation to the Baptist Church in Maiden, where I now 

I went home from Dr. Adams' in the fall, to my father's in 
Andover, and visited some of my friends in New Hampshire 
and Vermont during the following winter. The next spring I 
went to work again for Dr. Adams in Lynnfield, and worked 
almost through haying, when one very hot day about noon, I 
was mowing alone, when all at once my side gave way by being 
melted by the heat, and I fell to the ground and was struck 
blind, and became cold and chilly. How long I laid there I 
know not, but when I came to I went to the house and told the 
doctor what had happened to me. He said he thought I should 
get better in a few days, but I did not for months after. My 
side was lame and felt numb for three years afterwards, just 
like one's foot asleep, as some say. 

I went home to my father's in Andover, and told him my 
difficulty, and what had happened to me. They could not di- 
rect me, and in fact the doctors did not know what to do for 
me. I was a poor, broken-down boy, and what to tlo I did not 
know. Finally, I went to see Mark Newman, the preceptor of 


Phillips Academy, to see if I could get into that school for the 
next term, that I might be able to get some learning to keep a 
common school in the back towns, and get some money to sup- 
port me to go to school again, which favor he granted me. 1 
went to school three months, and, when I left, Mark Newman 
gave me a good recommendation for keeping a c(jmmon gram- 
mar school. I kept the winter following in Dracut, and had a 
very good school, but my wages were only fourteen dollars per 
month, and I found my income was insuihcient to keep me in 
school, and what else to do I did not know. I could not work 
on a farm on account of my lame side, and, having no trade, I 
was somewhat discouraged. 

Finally, in the spring of 1S07, I went down to South Read- 
ing, as it is now called, and had an interview with Deacon 
Eaton of the Baptist Church in that place, about my situation. 
lie thought I had better try to get work of Burrage Yale ped- 
dling tin wares, as it was not very hard work. I told him I 
thought peddlers did not bear a very good name abroad, there- 
fore I thought I should not like the business. The deacon said 
that it made no difference whether a man peddled tin wares 
from house to house, or whether he was a clerk and stood be- 
hind the counter and sold goods to those who came in to buy, 
but it was the character of the man that would sustain hiiu at 
home or abroad, ami "This character," said he, ''you have 
made a public profession to sustain, and I think you are able to 
sustain it." 

I then went to see Mr. Yale and had an interview with him, 
and finally engaged myself to work for eight months and iind a 
good, able horse to perform the labor of drawing the load, for 
eighteen dollars per month, he boarding me out antl in. I went 
from town to town, and from state to state, peddling wares until 
I sold my load ; then I went home for another load. I had to 
drive a two-wheeled horse cart with a box made fast on the 
shafts and axle-tree to hold the wares. The harness for the 
horse to draw it with was a tree saddle, leather breast-plate and 
rope tugs, a wooden whillle-tree, and a bridle without reins. I 


had to walk beside the horse all day long, hot or cold, and put 
up at night with private families as I could find them. I drove 
this same cart and harness for Mr. Yale eight years in succes- 
sion with the exception of the cold season of the winter. I 
walked beside my horse, on an average, about two thousand 
miles a year for eight years. 

An older brother than myself (Calvin) worked for Mr. Yale 
the same year with me, but he was taken sick, and died in the 
fall, of a fever. His tleath was a great loss to the family, as my 
father and mother looked to him for support in that time of their 
infirmities. But God ordered it otherwise. My mother was 
taken sick with consumption and died in about one year after 
my brother's death. I took care of my mother through her sick- 
ness, and paid all the expenses, as my father was not able to do 
any labor at that time. I had to take care of him also after my 
mother's death, and l)oarded hiui out, for I was the only one 
that could do anything for him. My only brother living at this 
time was at Dartmouth College, and he had to work his way 
through. I took care of my father twenty years from that time, 
meeting all of his expenses up to the time of his death at my 
house in Maiden at the age of eighty-five years. 

A sisteV became deranged a few years after my mother died, 
and it fell on me to take care of her also, which I did for twenty 
years, and she also died at my house at the age of seventy years. 
The cost of supporting my father, mother, and sister amounted 
to four thousand dollars, which I paid out of my hard earnings. 

After I had worked for Mr. Yale eight years, I set up busi- 
ness for myself in Roxbury, near Boston, where I made and 
sold tin wares for four years (1S19). I then bought a place in 
Maiden, where I now live, for which I was to pay $1^00. One 
half I paid down, and gave a mortgage for the balance; that 
was thirty-two years ago last October. I have been making and 
selling tin wares up to the present time. 

My neighbors say that I am a very temperate man, but one 
thing I know, that 1 was somewhat intemperate in the use of 
tobacco, snuff, and coffee. I drank coffee for forty years and 



then left it off at once and have not tasted a drop for eight years. 
I used tobacco for twenty-five years, and rinding that it was 
undermining my constitution, I left off chewing at once. I used 
snuff for twenty years, and found it was producing another dis- 
ease in my head. 1 left that off about two years ago and have 
not taken a pinch since. My advice to both young and old is 
to refrain from the use of tobacco in all of its forms if they 
would enjoy health in after years. 

I lived to be thirty-one before I was married. I married the 
daughter of Paul Sweetser of South Reading in the year 1817, 
with whom I lived sixteen years, when she died, February 14, 
1833. I naarried, the second time, a daughter of Charles Dingley 
of Waterville, Me., November 28, 1833. My second wife died 
December 18, 1S40. I married, the third time, the sister of mj' 
second wife in May, 1842. I am the father of twelve children ; 
six of them are dead. I have met with a great deal of atlliction 
and sorrow and sickness in my day. I have been brought down 
to the borders of the grave once and again, but the Lord hus 
raised me up and prolonged my days to the present time. 
' Just before my first wife died, I was chosen treasurer of the 
town of Maiden and collector of taxes, which offices I held 
eight years in succession. In the mean time several of the 
inhabitants of Maiden petitioned the General Court for a bank- 
ing institution of deposit and discount, which was granted, and 
I was chosen to be its treasurer, which office 1 held for eighteen 
years in succession. At the same time I had to look after six- 
teen peddlers, and eight workmen in the shop, and go to Boston 
about twice a week on business of different kinds. In the year 
1836 I was chosen by the town to represent it in the (jeneral 
Court of our state. 

I have been prosperous in selling a large amount of wares and 
merchandise year after year, but have lost a good deal of money 
by dishonest men, besides having a very expensive family to 
look after and provide for ; still I feel disposed to bless the great 
Giver of our mercies that I have enough left to support me and 
mine through life without mucli labor. 


The population increased so fast in Majden that withiq a few 
years we found that our little bank of deposit and discount 
would not afford us money enough for the people ; therefore 
there was a number of the inhabitants of Maiden petitioned the 
General Court in iS^^i to grant them a charter for a bank of 
$100,000, which was granted without any trouble. The stock- 
holders of the bank wanted me to be their president. I declined 
serving on account of my age and infirmity. But the stock- 
holders said that I must be president, and after so much had 
been said and done I accepted the oflice. The bank has been 
in operation almost a year ami is doing a very good business. 


President of the Association, 1906-1908. 



Bailey=Bayley Family 

JUNE 2, 1906 



Report of treasurer 

Poem . 

Ancestral pedigrees 

Election of officers 


New edition of John of Salisbury genealogy 

Dinner ..... 

Address of Prof. Solon I. Bailey 

Address of Mr. Henry Daily . 

Address of J, Warren Bailey, Esq 

Address of Mr. Edwin A. Bayley 

Address of Mr. William II. Reed . 

Address of James H. Bayley, Jr., Esq 

Address of Hon. Dudley P. Bailey 

Address of Dr. Marshall H. Bailey 

Address of IloUis R. Bailey . 

Appendix ..... 

Sketch of James Bayley, prepared by himself 

Life of James Bayley, by William C. Iloyt 

Brief sketch of James Bayley, by Volney Pearsall 

Bayley ........ 
















Bailey-Bayley Family 

JUNE 3, 1906 

This gathering was held in Kingsley Hall in the new Ford 
Building on Beacon Hill in Boston, on Saturday, June 2, 1906. 

The Committee of Arrangements consisted of Hollis R. 
Bailey, Edwin VV. M. Bailey, Edwin A. Bayley, Mrs. Hannah 
J. Trull, and J. Whitman Bailey. 

The usiiers were John Alfred Bailey, John T. Bailey, Fred- 
erick Bailey, Elmer S. Bailey, and Edwin A. Bayley. 

The exercises consisted of the business meeting, literary and 
musical exercises, and a tliimer, followed ]>y speaking, recita- 
tion, and music. 

Preceding the exercises a reception was held at 10.30 a.m., 
by the President, Col. E. \V. M. Bailey, Mrs. Hannah J. Trull, 
and Mollis R. Bailey. 

This reception proved to be a pleasant feature of the occasion, 
giving the members present an opportunity to meet the Presi- 
dent of the Association. 

At 1 1 o'clock the business meeting was iield in a smaller 
hall upon the same floor, and interspersed with the business 
there was literary and musical entertainment of a very enjoy- 
able kind. 


Col. Edwin W. M. Bailey of Amesbury, Mass., President of 
the Association, presided and made a short address of welcome. 

This was followed by singing by Mrs. Emma H. Bailey 
Miss Ella A. Fiske, and Mr. J. II. Wetmore, under the direc- 
tion of Mr. Eben II. Bailey. 

A Committee was then appointed to nominate officers for the 
ensuing year. 


Mr. James R. Bailey of Lawrence, Mass., presented his 
report as Treasurer. This report showed the finances of the 
Association to be in a healthy condition, there being no deficit 
and no considerable surplus. The Association has never under- 
taken to accumulate any permanent fund. It depends upon the 
annual dues and membership fees to meet its running expenses. 
The largest item of expense is the printing of the report of the 
gathering. By vote of the Association all members who have 
paid their dues are entitled to a report free of charge. 

The total receipts, as . shown by the Treasurer's report, 
amounted to $240.40, and the total disbursements to $154.51, 
leaving a balance on hand of $85.89. 

This report, having been duly examined and approved by the 
Auditor, Mr. Walter E. Robie of Waltham, Mass., was accepted 
and ordered to be placed on file, 


Prof. William Whitman Bailey of Brown University sent the 
following letter and poem : — 

" Brown University, Providence, 

May 10, 1906. 
Dear Kinsman : 

I wish it were possible for me to say surely to your issuance 
of the Fiery Cross ' I will meet the Clan.' Alas ! it is far from 
probable that if I promised I could fulfil. . . 

I am in a miserable state of health in which I really do not 


dare to undertake any engagement or do any new work. . . . 

Still I am greatly interested in tlie event and do not like to have 

it pass without some recognition from me. I therefore send 

you the poem of which I ;im proudest — and which has liad 

the best recognition. Tell the Clan that although it is not 

appropriate perhaps to the family it is to the month and that I 

feel I have done my completest duty when I send them surely 

my very best. 

Fraternally or Cousin-ically, 

W. W. Bailey." 

The following poem was originally published in the "New 
York Evening Post" and widely copied in books, magazines, 
and papers. The poem is entitled by its author, " Calypso (A 
Rare Orchid of the North)." 

The dower referred to is also called " Lady's Slipper." 
Handsome specimens, procured for the occasion by Miss Han- 
nah R. Hailey, were exhiluted in connection with the reading 
of the poem. 

(A Rare Orchid of the North.) 
Calypso, goddess of an ancient time 
(I learn it not from any Grecian rhyme, 
And 3et the story I can vouch is true), 
Beneath a pine-tree lost her dainty shoe. 

No workmanship of mortal can compare 
With what's exhibited in beauty there; 
And looking at the treasure 'nealh the tree, 
The goddess' self I almost hope to see. 

The tints of purple and the texture fine. 
The curves of beauty shown in every line, 
With fringes exquisite of golden hue, 
Perfect the wonders of the fairy shoe. 

The goddess surely must have been in haste. 
Like Daphne fleeing when Apollo chased ; 
And leaving here her slipper by the way, 
Intends to find it on another day. 


And will she come to seek it here or no? 
The day is leiigtiiening, but I cannot go 
Until 1 see her bring the absent mate 
Of this rare beauty, though the time is late. 

I watch, but still no classic form I see; 
Naught but the slipper 'neath the forest tree; 
And so, for fear of some purloining elf. 
The preciouh relic I secure myself. 


The next number on the programme was .singing by Miss 
Elli A. Fiske, Mrs. Eben II. liailcy, and Mr. J. II. Wctmore. 

The following paper, prepared by the Secretary, J. Whitman 
Bailey, Esq., entitled "Ancestral Pedigrees," was then read. 
The chart or family tree prepared by Mr. Bailey to accompany 
and illustrate his article was marvellously constructed and was 
most interesting. 


Many interesting and frequently unausweralde queries arise 
as we contemplate a long line of descent. A family may be 
spoken of as "good," the word "good" being here equivalent 
to aristocratic, yet, unless the requisite social elevation attentls 
the name during the later generations in any given linj, the 
members thereof can lind but slight solace to their possil)le 
vanity in bearing the ancient and once honcjred appellation. If 
the last ancestor of the name to hold high place, intellectual c^r 
social, is ten degrees removed, a member of the present genera- 
tion, prcjvided there have been no cousinship intermarriages, 
can have inherited only 1/513 of his blood from him. In fact, 
a stranger to the name may be a larger inlieritor of the desired 
sanguineous fluid, by reason of these collateral intermarriages, 
than one who is ostensibly connected. At least a slight degree 
of social elevation, however, must attach to any family capable 
of tracing its descent at all, for seldom, in these days, can de- 
scents be traced — if, indeed, anybody desired to do so, — through 
a half dozen illiterate generations and the mournful history of 


the Potters' Field. What conclusion, then, can be reached by 
inspection of remote pedigrees? Let us take, for example, the 
case of the Rev. Peter Bulkeley, who arrived from England in 
1635, and speedily became, by the w^ide spread of liis descend- 
ants, an ancestor of many New England families, including at 
least two branches of Baileys, of the John of Salisbury line. 
The Rev. Peter's grandmother was Elizabeth Grosvenor, and 
by the marriage of her grandparents the ancient houses of 
Grosvenor and Mainwaring became united, and the descendants, 
male and female, are traced back, on one of the many lines, to 
Hugh the Great, third Earl of Vermandois,y?<;/r uxoris^ who 
staunchly aided Duke William of Normandy in the successful 
predatory raid of 1066. In fact, a descent is traced, although 
illej.itimate, from the Conqueror himself, through his grandson 
Ro' : rt. Earl of Gloucester. Hugh of Vermandois was the 
third son of Henry I of France, who was a grandson of Hugh 
Capet, ancestor of so many sovereign lines. Capet was de- 
scended maternally from Henry the Fowler, founder of a great 
German dynasty, and in various ways from the mighty Charle- 
magne, and from the hitter's ancestor, St. Arnulf, Bishop of 
Metz A.D. 580. Indeed, the ingenious Betham, whose authori- 
ties we have tiot investigated, carries this line back to Antenor, 
King of the Cimmerians, a possible relative of the nearly con- 
temi)oraneous Antenor, King of Troy, who flourished by die 
shores of the Pontus Euxinus B.C. 443. A side line brings us 
to the unfortunate Qiiecn Boadicea. But this is not all. Ver- 
mandois' maternal grandfather was the Duke of Novgorod and 
Kiev, a direct descendant of Rurik, the first great Russian. 
Even here we need not pause. Novgorod's father, besieging 
Constantinople, compelled the Emperor Romanus II to give 
him his fair daughter in marriage, and thus successive Byzantine 
Emperors are added to the great chain back to Basil I, who 
seems to have been maternally descended fron^ King Philip of 
Macedon. If we thus acknowledge Philip, we adopt the far- 
extending lines of Macedon, of Mycenae, of Corinth ; until the 
historical fades into the mythical, and tiirough the offspring of 


Hercules and Dejanira, we finally stand, uncovered, before the 
throne of Jupiter. 

Prior to the Norman conquest of England the Carlovingian 
pedigree may be likened to the backbone of mediaeval history, 
which has been constantly focused in the bright lights of pub- 
licity and assiduous investigation, and is strengthened by many 
interlocking collateral lines. So may the mysterious thread of 
kinship be traced through the Dark Ages, binding the practical 
present to the luminously historic past. 

IIow iniproba])le that the genealogist, if such there be, of a 
thousand years to come, will ever trace this way from our time. 
The democratic spirit, bringing both blessings and attendant 
evils in its train, and slowly and surely dimming the lustre of 
gi -at family names ; the replacement of the ancestral homestead 
an^^- feudal castle by the apartment hotel or other transient abode ; 
and the lessening of cousinship intermarriage by ihe broad scat- 
tering of individuals, must eventually reduce mankind to a level 
where, while racial movements are chronicled more industri- 
ously than ever, no family can long maintain prestige in the 
ceaseless undulations of a vastly increased population. 

In the pedigree above outlined the difficulty of ascertaining 
what percentage of blood — in any case infinitely small — a mem- 
ber of the present generation inherits from, let us say, the saintly 
Arnulf, is apparent. Indeed, it is possible that about every 
existing American family may be in some way a partitioncr of 
his pious principles. It seems conservative to estimate each gen- 
eration as containing ordinarily thrice as many members as the 
next preceding, the excess above three children to each mar- 
riage—an excess undoubtedly existing prior to the so-called 
'Mace suicide" of the present day — being, in general, counter- 
balanced by the number of barren stocks. If we should treble 
St. Arnulf 's descendants in each generation, we would have, in 
the thirty-seventh tier of descent, a ludicrously impossible num- 
ber, much exceeding the population of our planet added to any 
imaginative census of Mars. The proper reduction of this 
absurd total depends on collateral or cousinship intermarriages, 



the effect of each such marriage to reduce the total doubling 
with each ascent on the pedigree. Such intermarriages were 
naturally frequent in English families of rank, often occupying 
neighboring estates for several successive centuries, and possi- 
bly yet more frequent with the feudal aristocracy of France ; 
while the number of them so differs with every family tree that 
no rule or law of average can be applied. It is positive that 
such unions have always been the more frequent in the higher 
circles, as the daughters of Lords B or C might only hnd their 
eligible equals in the families of Lords X and Y, while Tommy 
Atkins was free to elope with any servant girl in the county. 
The higher the quality, therefore, the fewer the number of any 
person's ancestors. Similar observations relating to the spread of 
a " tree " are true of ascending lines, except that the gross total 
to be cut down by collateral convergences is the exact number 
reached by doubling the units in each successive generation. 

Genealogical research is attracting more general attention than 
formerly, as will appear by the most casual glance at our libra- 
ries. We believe this movement has its raison (T^irc. The 
tendency is quite general, both in New England and the South, 
to decry attempts to trace pedigrees beyond the first American 
arrivals, notwithstanding that our Colonial is yet considerably 
longer than our Federal reghnc. This feeling seemed mine 
natural in the past, at least in New England, where most people 
were of English descent, than now, when '' the Ancient Ameri- 
can," as we may term him, threatened with absorption in the poly- 
glot wave of foreigners so carelessly invited to these shores, 
should turn with some pride to the association of his family and 
race with that mother country of whose blood, language, law, 
and custom he has become an inheritor. It is indeed curious 
how belts of water, broad or narrow, have inlluenced the gene- 
alogist. The Englishman, of Norman origin, having traced his 
lineage to some invader who fought at Hastings, usually stops 
abruptly in his search, however interesting may have been his 
ancestry south of the Channel, while our local pedigree hunter 
places his ultima thulc where the keel of the Jl/ayjlower first 


stirred the mud of Plymouth Bay. IIow much broader it seems 
to trace the history of tlie family in its association with the 
grander history and development of the race ! 

Having at one time become familiar with numerous and once 
illustrious Norman names, I was led to glance at a Boston directory 
of our time, to see how the possible descendants of these people 
had nourished in this vicinity. The result was most surprising. 
The greater names had usually disappeared, or were represented 
by the more humble callings. One of the greatest baronial houses 
was represented, as regards the name, by two people only, stated 
to be laborers. It ^\'as a forceful illustration of the well-worn 
quotation " Tenipora mutantur^ et 7ios vuitamiir hi illis." 


The committee appointed to nominate officers reported the 
following, who were duly elected : — 

Rev. Nathan Bailey, Peabody, Mass. 

John Alfred Bailey, Eben H. Bailey, 

Lowell, Mass. Boston, Mass. 

Horace W. Bailey, Edwin \V. M. Bailey, 

Newbury, Vt. Amesbury, Mass. 

George Edson Bailey, J. Warren Bailey, 

Mansfield, IMass. Somerville, Mass. 

Edwin A. Bayley, Dudley P. Bailey, 

Lexington, Mass. Everett, Mass. 

William W. Bailey, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Executive Committee. 
[The foregoing ex officio and] 
Hollis R. Bailey, Mrs. Larkin T. Trull, 

Cambridge, Mass. (Hannah J.) 

Lowell, Mass. 


Harrison Bailey, Henry T, Bailey, 

Fitchburg, Mass. North Scituate, Mass. 

Dr. Stephen G. Bailey, Orrin D. Bailey, 

Lowell, Mass. Lakeport, N.H. 

James H. Bayley, Jr., Braintree, Mass. 

Committee on Genealogy, 
Hollis R. Bailey, Mrs. Gertrude E. Bailey, 

Cambridge, Mass. Tewksbury, Mass. 

Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth, William H. Reed, 

Rowley, Mass. South Weymouth, Mass, 

Walter E. Robie, Waltham. 

James R. Bailey, Lawrence, Mass. 

J. Whitman Bailey, Boston, Mass. 


The principal feature of the literary entertainment was a 
reading of "Selections from Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter" by 
Miss Velma A. Bailey. The Association was fortunate in hav- 
ing Miss Bailey to assist in the entertainment. The selection 
was approjoriate to the occasion, the scene of this story of Haw- 
thorne being laid in Boston in the seventeenth century. 


Edwin A. Bayley made a brief report for the committee 
appointed to consider as to the desirability and feasibility of a 
new edition of the Genealogy of John J^ailey of Salisbury, 
being part two of the volume of genealogy published by tlie 

He stated that there was on hand already considerable addi- 


tional material for a new edition, and that a new edition is 
desirable. His committee, however, had not been able as yet 
to procure the funds necessary for such an undertaking. 

After brief remarks by the Hon. Andrew J. Bailey of Bos- 
ton, Mr. Francis Bailey Woodbury of Greenfield, and Dr. 
Stephen G. Bailey of Lowell, the forenoon exercises were 
closed with the singing of " America." 


The dinner was served in Kingsley Hall, the caterer being 
Mr. D. Maddalena of Boston. It was the unanimous opinion 
of all present that the dinner provided was entirely satisfactory. 

The after-dinner entertainment was made interesting by a 
humorous recitation by Miss Velma A. Bailey, by singing by 
Mrs. Emma 11. Bailey and Miss Ella A. Fiske, and by after- 
dinner speaking. 

Letters were read from United States Senator Joseph W. 
Bailey of Texas, Mr. George Edson Bailey of Mansfield, Mass., 
Mr. Frank M. Bailey of Dedham, Mass., Prof. A. E. Dolbear of 
Tufts College, Henry T. Bailey, Esq., of North Scituate, Mrs. 
Milton Ells\vorth of Rowley, Mass., Hon. Horace W. Bailey 
of Newbury, Vt., and Mr. Henry C. Bailey of Belfast, Me. 

Col. E. W. ]\L Bailey was master of the feast during a por- 
tion of the after-dinner exercises. Being called to the State 
House on important business his place was tilled by Edwin A. 
Bayley, Esq. 


Prof. Solon I. Bailey, Professor of Astronomy in Harvard 
University, spoke as follows : — 

I have had no intimate knowledge of the Bailey-Bayley Fam- 
ily Association, but have known of its existence. [ have won- 
dered why it was not referred to as the Bailey-Bayley-Baily 
Family Association, as there are, and have been, various mem- 
bers of the family who spell the name in the last way. Indeed, 


as a resident for many years in a Spanish country, I have been 
accustomed to all sorts of spelling, such as Bailly, liaillie, Baly, 
Beli, Bely, Bale, and even Belly, and have received letters ad- 
dressed in most, if not all, of these forms. 

As an astronomer I have always thought with pride of Francis 
Baily, the "Philosopher of Newbury," one of the striking fig- 
ures of the last century. lie was a successful broker and also 
a celebrated astronomer. 

Then there was Jean .Sylvain Bailly, the celebrated French 
astronomer and man of affairs. 

It occurred to me that you might be interested in knowing 
how many Baileys there are who are members of the faculty in 
our chief universities. I have found the following : — 

Yale, — W. B. Bailey, Assistant Professor of Political Econ- 

Brown, — W. W. Bailey, Professor of Botany, and author. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, — F. II. Bailey, Asso- 
ciate Professor of Mathematics. 

Columbia, — F. R. Bailey, Adjunct Professor Histology and 
Embryology, and author ; Pearce Bailey, lecturer and author. 

Cornell, — L. li. Bailey, Director of College of Agriculture 
and Professor of Rural Economy, and author. 

Chicago, — J. W. Bailey, Reader in Biblical and Palmistic 

Michigan, — B. F. Bailey, Instructor in Electrical Engineer- 

Harvard, — M. II. Bailey, Medical Visitor; S. I. Bailey, 
Associate Professor of Astronomy. 

Over at Tufts we have another Bailey, or, what is next thing 
to it, he is going to marry a Bailey ; and if I may believe my 
eyes, — and I think I can believe them, — it is better to marry 
a Bailey than to be a Bailey. 

As to B-a-y-1-e-y-s, I did not, of course, investigate all the 
institutions of learning. There are some seven hundred of them. 
I have only looked at a few of the leading institutions which I 
have referred to. I find but one Bayley engaged in university 


work, and tliat is Prof. W. G. Bayley, Professor of Geoloj:!^y at 
Colby University. 

There are, I am soiry to say, some few very prominent insti- 
tutions in the country that attempt to get along without a Bailey. 
Princeton has no Bailey in its faculty ; but you know it takes 
the exception to prove the rule, and su we will take it tliat 
Princeton and Pennsylvania and a few others that have no 
Baileys are the exceptions to the rule. 


Ladies and Gentlemen: 

That branch of the Bailey family to which I have the honor 
to belong came over to this country about the time William Penn 
came, and settled in that part of Pennsylvania known as Chester 
County, near the city of Philadelphia. They spelled the name, 
as the Chairman has already stated, '"Baily." Just why they 
spelled it that way is something of a mystery, and perhaps always 
will be. I understand that the Baileys of New England often 
wonder how the " e " ever got out of the name, when they see it 
spelled that way. The liailys of Pennsylvania, when they see 
it spelled with an " c," wonder how in the world the "e" 
ever got into the name. 

So far as I know, the name Bailey has never l)een traced back 
to its origin in accordance with the rules that govern scientific 
questions of that nature, but it is certainly very interesting, and 
gratifying, perhaps, to one's fancy, to endeavor to trace back 
the word "Bailey" at least to its Latin origin, supposing, oi 
course, that the tracing is true. You are able to do that by 
getting at what seems to be the determining principle or idea 
underlying the word " Bailey." Like all proper names, I sup- 
pose that the word " Bailey "came from some cununon noun, and 
you can trace it back to a common noun through the word used 
in France and Scotland for an olhcer of the law, who was, if 1 
understand the use of the word correctly, a sort of deputy sheriff 
and also a notary public. That use of the word has been im- 


mortalized by Sir Walter Scott in " Rob Roy," one of his novels. 
You, of course, are familiar with Bailie Nicol Jarvie ; and in 
French literature we liave all seen the word used in the way I 
have mentioned. 

Then you get it in the name " Old Bailey," which, as you 
know, is the name simply of a Criminal Court in the city of 

London popularly called by the name "Old Bailey" the 

Newgate prison and the enclosure which surrounds the prison. 

The idea which underlies the word, as you get it in the case 
of the deputy sheriff and in the Criminal Court of the city of 
London, is the idea of protection — not Protection versus Free 
Trade, but the kind of protection we mean when we speak of 
protection to " Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of ILappiness." 

Now you can trace this back to the word "vallum" which 
means wall, and is the word from which wall comes. What is 
a wall.? Why, a wall is something that is built for protection. 
And so we carry the word '• Bailey" from its use as a proper 
noun to a common noun, and through its use at a later time back 
through the Middle Ages to its Roman source, wliere we can 
trace it to the word " vallum," a word meaning " wall." That 
may not be a correct scientific tracing of the word back to its 
origin, but, so far as I know, I have never seen the word traced 
back scientifically. 

Professor Bailey of ILirvard has spoken to us very interest- 
ingly about the astronomer Francis Baily. There was also a 
very famous Bailey — perhaps the most famous of the Baileys 
up to the time, at least, when Senator Joseph W. Bailey came 
into contact with President Roosevelt — Jean Silvain Bail!)-, 
who spelled the name B-a-i-1-l-y, so tiiat when it comc^> to die 
spelling of names you will have to make the two Baileys some- 
thing like three or four. This Jean Silvain Bailly was a 
famous scientist in France at the time of the French Revolution. 
He was president of the National Assembly in 17S9, and in the 
year 1792 he was mayor of Paris. He was an independent sort 
of a man. He was true to his jjrinciples, and wlien the mob 
wanted him to do something contrary to his principles he re- 


fused, and he suffered death in consequence; so tliat in the past 
we have had some men Avhose careers have added a j^reat deal 
of histre to the name of Hailcy, ))articularl)' that astronomer of 
\vhom Professor liailey has spoken and this l^rencli scientist 
whom I have referred to. 

Now if you will allow me to say a few words more I will 
speak hrieliy of my own branch of the family. 'Jdie IJaily who 
settled in Pennsylvania, and who-,e descendants still live there 
in that part t)f l*enns}-l\ania known as Chester County, were 
largely (Quakers ori^inall)-, and their descendants are to tiiis 
day. For all I know, the cni^inal settlers in New I'^nj^land were 
Qiiakers. Whether they were or not, their descendants, 1 un- 
derstand, belon<4" to varicnis denominations, hut in Tennsylvania 
they are still largely mendK'r.-, of the ()jiaker faith. M\- aunt, 
Sarah Haily, was a (Quaker. .She wore one of tlnise bonnets 
which ha\e now practically gcjue out of style. 'J'he\' were 
almost all portico and very little 1/onnet. This bonnet pro- 
jected six inches beyond the face. W^hile it was made of the 
most expensive materials, it was also made in the most severe 
style. This aunt of mine was a teacher for thirty-three years in 
the West Town boartling school for boys and girls, the largest 
Qiiaker Injaiding scho(d in this country. 

If you will allow me to refer to it in passing, 1 will say 
just a few words about my father. These things 1 would not 
mention outside of this Association, but we are interested, (jf 
course, in each other — in whatever concerns the famil)-. My 
father, Joseph Baily, served his coiuitry by re]:)resenting the 
15th Congressional District of remis)Kania in the Congress 
during the four years of the war, and his duties as a Congress- 
man brought him into very close personal acquaintance with 
President Lincoln, Secretary .Stanton, Tliaddeus Stevens, and 
other men prominent at that time. Put I want to refer particu- 
larly to one thing which he always mentif>ned with great satis- 
faction, lie was elected to Congress as a Democrat, but he 
was what was known as a " War Democrat," — that is, lie sup- 
ported Piesident Lincoln in his plans lor carrying ihrongh the 


war. Well, you know that iu 1S64-65 a resolulioii was pre- 
sented to Con<,n-ess submitting- to the votes of the States the 13th 
amenchiient to the Constitution of the United States, which 
amendment prohibited shivery. It was impossible to pass that 
resolution without some Democratic votes, and in those days it 
recjuired a good ileal oi: independence and moral couraj^e to vote 
contrary to your party. Ihit 1 want to state to you with due 
modesty that my father was one of seven or eijj^ht Democrats 
who voted for the resolution, and through the votes of those 
seven or eight Democrats that resolution was passed through 
Congress, and the amendment, as }ou Icnow, was submitted to 
the States and linally became a part ui the Constitution of the 
United States of America. 

That part of Pennsylvania in which the Bailys settled is about 
as much the opposite of that part of New iMigland wliere the 
New England Baileys settled as anything you can imagine. It 
is a beautiful, siuniy upland — a line ag>icnltural country . It is 
almost literally a region oi milk and lionc)-, as ihe farmers there 
nearly all sell milk and most of tiiem keep liees, and their farms 
are among the finest of their kind and Ijeautifully situated. 
Even so excellent a judge as Oliver W^endell Holmes said that 
Chester County leniinded him ver) vixidly in its j:)astoral a.spects 
of the best parts of agricultural England, it i.^ the count) in 
which Bayard Taylor was born, (jeneral Anthony Wayne was 
also born in that coimt)' ; and just over the line lies \'alley Forge. 

Just one word about another member of the Bailey family. 
Senator Joseph VV. liailey, to whom 1 have alieady leferied, is, 
I think, one of the brightest men in Congress. There can be no 
doubt that lie is a man of a gieat deal of abililv. lie has some 
of the characteristics that have made I*re-,ident Roosevelt so 
popular and successful. No one can predict \\ is going to 
take place in a republic such as this countiy i^. It is therefore 
altogether possible that Senator Joseph \V. Bailey — improba- 
ble as it seems at the present time — may some da)' be Bresident 
of the United States, and what a happy day that will be for us ! 
just think of having a reunion of the Bailey i\ssociation at the 


White House ! And if Senator Joseph W. Bailey will not 
come to us I think we can assure him that we shall certainly 
in that case go to him. I am particularly fortunate myself; for 
my wife — who is unable to be present to-day — is a member 
of the Fairbanks Association, which is one of the largest family 
associations in the country, I think, and numbers several thou- 
sand people in its membership. They are to meet at Dedham, 
the old family homestead, I think, next week. Now one of 
the members, Charles W. Fairbanks, is Vice-President of the 
United States, and if he can have his own way will be the next 
President. So you see that whichever way things go — whether 
a Democrat or a Republican is elected President — there is a 
possibility of my getting into the White House. 

The Chairman. — I will call on Mr. J. Warren Bailey, 
Secretary of the JMassachusetts Board of Prison Commissioners ; 
and we are glad he is on the outside of the prison, not on the 

Brothers and Sisters : 

The gentlemen who have preceded me have been able to speak 
of their family connections, having regard to their particular pro- 
fessions. You will vmderstand that I can find very little in my 
profession to say about the Baileys. Josh Billings I believe, 
once said that he did not care how much a man said so long as 
he was brief about it. I am a good deal in that position to-day. 
My remarks will be extremely brief. 

Speaking of my occupation, the Old Bailey has been referred 
to and 1 am very glad to hear as to its peculiar origin, and why 
it was designated in that peculiar way. The history of the 
Bailey Family Association has been gone over so many times 
that I presume it is hardly worth while for ine to attempt to 
review it. My good friend on the right, Mr. Ilollis R. Bailey, 
has it at his fingers' ends and could tell where every one of us 
came from — that is, what particular branches we each belong 
to. The trouble with me is I don't know where to place my- 


self — just what branch I came from. Doubtless my ancestry 
could be traced from some particular branch of the family here 
represented, but just which it is it has always been ditiicult for me 
to determine. After attending these gatherings, however, and 
becoming acquainted with tlie Association and its members one 
feels lilvc holding the name in higher esteem. He comes in 
contact with men and women he is delighted to call kindied — 
bearing tlie same name as himself. I recollect clearly and very 
pleasantly the meeting we held in Groveland — and the one in 
Cambridge. They were both delightful occasions and no doubt 
productive of much good. I did not suppose 1 should be ex- 
pected to say a word here to-day. I came in only at tlie last 
moment with the expectation that I shouKl have the privilege 
of listening to others. 

I have at home, among my letters that I prize quite highly, 
a letter from our distinguished Texan friend who has been re- 
ferred to. At the time I had the houijr of being President of 
this organization I wrote him — I presume he gets an annual 
letter from this Association, inviting him to be present — and I 
received in reply such a letter as has been read to-day. I 
suppose even in Massachusetts a Republican might almost be 
pardoneil if he voted for Joseph W, Bailey for President. I 
am quite sure our friend liollis would, at all events. As I was 
coming over here to-day I met a man who asked me where I 
was going. I told him 1 was going to the meeting of the 
Bailey Family Association, lie said, " One of the ablest men 
in the United States Senate, if not tlie ablest one, is named 
Bailey." I lind this a very general opinion of the distinguished 
Texan. lie is regarded as an extremely able man. AVhile we 
in the Old Bay State are btnnetimes too apt to claim a monopoly 
of great men in public life, stranger things have happened than 
that a man way down in the Lone Star State might become the 
next President of the United States. Unless we are to have a 
Republican for our next President, it is probably not too much 
to say that Joseph W. Bailey of Texas would find many warm 
supporters in this Association. I thank yon for your courtesy. 


The Chairman. — It appears to me there has been a good 
deal said about John of Salisbury, and it seems fitting we shouhl 
hear from one of his descendants. I live in Amesbury, where 
John died, and the Baileys are all around there. The town is 
all cluttered up with them. I find here to-day they are promi- 
nent just the same. I will call on Mr. Edwin A. Baylcy to 
read a paper which he has, and will ask him to take the chair 
in a few minutes. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I think I have said enough already, and there is nothing I 
could add to what has l)een said that would be interesting to 
you as coming from me. What our President has said with 
reference to my reading from a paper indicates that he wishes 
to limit me in my remarks. It is certainly a very delicate hint, 
and one I will take. But I have some cjucstion whether it 
would be advisable at this time to read this paper. It is rather 
lengthy. It is an autobiography of one of the Baileys, a de- 
scendant, I believe, of John of Salisbury, written by himself in 
1872. He was a self-made man. He had no school education 
except for a few months when he was a boy under twelve years 
of age, and he educated himself by reading good authors and 
good literature. He became quite a man in his community, and 
was appointed to the State Board of Agriculture of the State 
of Michigan, where he did good work. I shall submit it to the 
committee, however, and if they deem it appropriate it will be 
published. It shows what a man who started out in life in very 
humble circumstances was able to make of himself. I think it 
would be better to defer reading it, so you will excuse me from 
the very delicately appointed task \vliich the President has given 

(See appendix to this report for the autobiography men- 

Mr. Edwin A. Bayley here took the President's place and 
continued as follows : — 


It certainly seems to me that we ought to say a word in pass- 
ing about our music. Mr. Eben H. Bailey and his wife have 
supplied us every year with music of a very high order, and we 
owe them our thanks. We all appreciate how much the music 
has added to our meetings. 

We have heard from some new members and some invited 
guests, but 1 am now going to call on a gentleman who, from 
the outset, has been deeply interested in the work of this Asso- 
ciation, and has rendered it much assistance, — Mr. William 
II. Reed, of South Weymouth, Mass. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

It gives me great pleasure to be here on this occasion. I have 
been absent from some of your meetings on account of my 
health, which has been poor for the last few years. To-day 
I feel like a bluebird in the spring. I will, however, make 
my story short. I shall not detain you with any long genea- 
logical matters. The old sa3'ing is that everything comes to 
those that wait. It is only within a very few years that Boston 
has furnisiied, in print, the Boston records. 1 never was able, 
during my looking through the old records, to find the marriage 
of the Rev. James Bailey of Weymouth to his wife Sarah. I 
searched, but never could find it. I never knew who his wife 
was — what family she belonged to. No person in Weymouth 
knew — no person for more than one hundred years has known 
it. Some three or four weeks ago John Jacob Loud, President 
of the Genealogical Society, was looking over the Boston rec- 
ords printed at a recent date, and there he found the marriage 
of James Bailey and Sarah Goddard of Roxbury. That told 
the story. There was the marriage of James Bailey three years 
before he came to Weymouth, two years before he taught school 
in Andover — married right here in Roxbury, adjoining Boston. 
I can't give you the exact date, but about twelve years after Mr. 
Bailey settled in Weymouth he made a record on his books of 


the marriage of John Shaw of Weymouth and Elizabeth God- 
dard. Now there was no Elizabeth Goddard — no family of 
the name of Goddard living in Weymouth — in fact, there never 
was a family named Goddard in Weymouth. But as soon as I 
found the marriage of Rev. James Bailey with Sarah Goddard, 
then I went to work and found that Elizabeth Godtlard, wife of 
John Shaw, was a sister of Sarah Goddard, wife of Rev, James 
Bailey. Elizabeth Goddard married John Shaw and they had 
nine children, and then she died. John Shaw married a second 
wife and had nine more children, — making in all two wives and 
eighteen children, — and the most remarkable thing about it was 
that he lived to be one hundred years old, lacking two months. 
I would like to say one word about John Goddard. I think he 
was a tutor engaged in preparing students for Harvard College. 
In his will he speaks of his daughter Sarah Bailey and gives her 
jCioo, and also of his daughter Elizabeth Shaw, and gives her 
£ioo. This is proof positive that we are correct as to the 
genealogy above stated. 


Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Now we have gotten down to common Baileys you must ex- 
pect common talk. There has been a great deal said here about 
lawyers. I was about five years, I think, getting Mr. II. R. 
Bailey and the other members of the Board of Bar Examiners 
to give me a license to practise my profession. Then I began to 
look about to find a place to locate. I heard of a lawyer by the 
name of Bayley who was looking for a young man to go into his 
ofHce. I did not know how he spelled his name, but I said I 
would go down and look him over and find out. I don't recall 
what the conversation was particularly, but we discovered that 
we spelled the name the same way and came from the same branch 
of the family, so I started in there, in Mr. Edwin A. Baylcy's 
oftice, and remained about a year. Mr. Bayley, as most of you 


know, is what might be called a very strenuous man. Every one 
in his office is doing something all the time, and one thing he 
impressed upon me was that if I had nothing particular to do 
I could always read law, or I could read Bailey genealogy, and 
it was through his inlluence that I have since learned to know 
how famous we all are. I have no special message, hut am 
very glad to be here to-day, and trust I may have the privilege 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I regret to say I have made no progress in linding my connec- 
tion with the Bailey family, but the Bailey family is rather more 
tolerant than the Hebrews were. You remember that some of 
the Levites could not make out their genealogy, and they put 
them right out ; but the Bailey family is, as I said, more tolerant, 
and they give us time to find out where we belong, if we can. 
I have not given it up. I have no doubt I am there in the book 
somewhere. Douglas once twitted Lincoln with having tended 
bar, and when it came Lincoln's time to reply he got up and 
said, '' Well, it is true that I tended bar. I tended bar on the 
inside; Judge Douglas tended it on the outside, and if he had 
not tended it so well on the outside I should have given up the 
idea of tending it on the inside." Now that reminds me of the 
connection of the Baileys with the State's Prison. I am happy to 
say that our friend here, J. Warren Bailey, attends the State 
Prison on the outside, and that is characteristic of the Bailey 
family, so far as 1 know. They all manage to keep outside of 
that structure. I suppose it is too much to expect that every 
one of them is an honest man, but in all my experience, I don't 
recall a single one of the name who was guilty of any dishonest 
practice, or any one of them who was a criminal. I think that 
is a pretty good record for a family as numerous as ours is. I 
hope we shall all strive to keep up the record. I was yesterday 


over at the registry in Cambridge and noticed that attachments 
against persons bearing the name of Bailey are very few. I 
don't know whether this is because there are not many Haile)s 
owning real estate or whether they pay their bills. While, per- 
haps, they may not all be as distinguished as Daniel Webster or 
Rufus Choate, I think we can say we have a very good representa- 
tion in the various professions and in positions of public trust. 
I hope we shall strive not only to maintain the high standard of 
character handed down to us in the IJailey family, but also to 
improve upon it. 


I don't see how you can expect a man to get up here without 
notice and say anything after eating such an excellent dinner as 
we have had. It occurs to me on the spur of the moment that 
some time ago, when I was a boy, I had a chum who told me 
this story of one of his acquaintances in the town he lived in 
down in Cape Porpoise, in Maine. This is a true story. It 
seems this acquaintance of his was not overladen with gray 
matter in his u])per story, and some one said, " Henry, why in 
the world don't you keep still? If you keep still people will 
not know you are a fool." He replied, "Well, I don't think 
that is true. If I keep still all the time people will be sure I 
am a fool, but if I talk all the time I may say something 
bright." Now one of the professions represented here to-day 
has been credited with talking a good deal. They also were 
able to say a great many bright things. I learn, regarding one 
or two of them, that they are able to say something bright all 
the time. The medical profession, however, is supposed to 
give drugs, keep their mouths closed, and look wise. So, if 
you will pardon me, I will tell one more story and sit down. 
The medical profession, you know, are credited — some of 
them — with telling the truth. This also is a true story. Two 
or three summers ago I was on my vacation in Maine and went 
one day to take a walk with my wife's father and mother — I 


forget whether my wife was with me or not — and as we walked 
we got thirsty in the hot sun and stopped at a house and asked 
for a drink of water. We found the Uidy quite attractive and 
interesting, and incidentally my father-in-law stated that he 
came from Concord, N.II., "Oh, yes," she said, "I have a 
son up there." " Indeed, what is his name?" " His name is 
so and so" (the story of the preceding speaker reminded me of 
this). " Yes, he is up there. He is in the State's Prison!" 
Pie was on the inside. 

I was very glad to hear from one of our speakers who had 
looked up the records of legal proceedings against the Bailey 
family that its members were not found inside the prison, 
although he did not know whether the small number of suits 
entered against them was due to lack of property or because 
they paid their bills. We hope the latter. 

The Chairman. — I admit I took rather an unjust advantage 
of the Doctor. I wanted to see what that branch of the family 
could do without preparation. I think we are all satisfied that 
they are always ready whenever called upon. 

No gathering of the Bailey family would be complete without 
a salutation or benediction from Ilollis R. Bailey. I am sure 
we shall all be glad to hear fi'om him. 


It is interesting to note that we have met to-day upon the exact 
summit of the original Beacon Hill. Yonder monument marks 
the site of the beacon itself, which from 1635 fur more than 
one hundred years stood ready to alarm the country in the case 
of invasion. 

We are at the very center of the " hub of the Universe," and, 
if we are so minded, may consider that the Bailey family to-day 
is at the apex of modern cis ilization. 

It was an ancient saying that all roads led to Rome. To-day 
all roads lead to Boston. 


Various members of the Bailey family have had a part in the 
history of Boston. 

On the bronze tablets erected by the city on the southern 
slope of Bunker Hill, to commemorate those who fell on that 
bloody field, appears the name of Samuel Bailey, Jr. lie ga\e 
his life for the cause of freedom, and we do well to honor his 

Thomas Bailey was collector of taxes for many years prior to 
1800, and also held the ollice of Deacon. 

There were several Baileys living in Boston during the eigh- 
teenth century. 

In 1752 Thomas Bayley petitioned for the privilege of keep- 
ing the tavern called " Near Olivers Dock." 

October 5, 1762, Thomas Bayley was married by the Rev. 
Joseph Sewall to Abigail Casneau. 

August 15, 1 77 1, Thomas Bayley was married by the Rev. 
Mather Byles to Hannah Bradshaw. 

April 28, 1774, Thomas Bayley was married in the New 
South Church to Abigail Savell. 

June I, 1777, Thomas Bayley was married in Christ Church 
to Susanna Britton. 

January 12, 1786, Thomas Bayley was married by the Rev. 
John Eliot to Lydia Rogers. 

Whether it was the same Thomas Bayley who ofiiciated as 
bridegroom at all these weddings I am unable to state. 

Benjamin F. Bayley for many years prior to 1880 served as 
a deputy to Sheriff Clark. 

Our former President, Andrew J. Bailey, was for many years 
city solicitor and corporation counsel for the city of Boston. 

The lion. James Bailey Richardson was also for many years 
corporation counsel. 

There have been many Boston merchants of the name of 
Bailey. Time forbids that I should undertake to name them. 

On the iron gate of the old Granary Burying Ground you may 
see the name of the Rev. John Bailey, who came from England 
in 16S4, and after a short pastorate in Watertown became assist- 



ant to the Pastor of the First Church in Boston. He died 
December 12, 1697, aged fifty-three years. It is said that his 
father was a wicked man, and that his mother, John being yet 
a child, called the family together and caused her son to piay 
for them. The father, hearing the prayer, was so struck with 
conviction of sin that it proved the beginning of his conver- 
sion to a better life. 

The following story was told me many years ago by a lady 
whose maiden name was Bailey. Her husband was a Judge of 
the Supreme Court of the State. Their son, then a child of 
three, being about to say his evening prayer, stopped and asked 
his mother : " Mother, do you say a prayer every night?" His 
mother replied that she did. " What do you pray for, Mother.'' " 
the boy continued. His mother answered that she prayed that 
she might be a good woman. '•'■ Pshaw, Mother, you are good 
enough ! Why don't you pray for Fatlier.?" 

The Chairmax. — We could go on with the speaking, but 
perhaps we have had enough for one day. I don't want any of 
you, however, who have come for the first time to think this is 
all we can give you. The next meeting, in all probability, will 
be held in two years from this time, and we hope you can all be 
present and that you will all bring others. Our Association 
numbers about two hundred and fifty members. Of course, 
they are so situated they cannot all attend at one time. We 
have, considering the time of year, a good lepresentation here, 
and I believe we have all enjoyed it. I think you will be glad 
to come again and I hope we shall feel a responsibility, each 
one of us, to take hold and carry on the work. Some of us are 
so situated that we can do more than others, but I believe we 
are all agreed as to one thing — that the Association has been a 
benefit to the family, — and that as we are able to gallier more 
and more information we shall see that the work does not 
slacken, but we shall take in all the Baileys in the world as far 
as possible. And now, in the name of the President of the 
Association I bid you good-bye and hope we may all meet 


Sketch of James Bayley, prepared by himself. 

BiUMiNCHAM, Michigan, 
February 23, 1874. 

I was born in Scipio, Cayuga County, N.Y., on the 7th day 
of July, 1S02. My father's name was Isaac Bayley, and my 
mother's Rebecca Adams. They came from the State of Ver- 
mont about the year 1791, and were among the fust settlers in 
Cayuga County, N.Y. They moved into what was afterwards 
the town of Aurelius, in the vicinity of what is now the flourish- 
ing city of Auburn, where the State Prison was built in iSiS- 
20, My father died September 21, 1806. 

My education was conhned entirely to our small district 
school, and mostly in a log schoolhouse. My studies were 
reading, spelling, and writing, and I learned to cipher in Day- 
ball's arithmetic as far as the " Rule of Three." I never studied 
grammar or geography in school. After I left the farm, at 
twelve years of age, I spent all my odd moments in reading, as 
I had free access to the village library and I was very fond of 
reading the news of the week. 

My first step after leaving school was to learn a trade, being 
sent by my mother, when twelve years old, to learn the tanner's 
trade with Willard J. Chapin, who resided in the village of 
Throopsville in said county. I soon Jjcgan to take a lively 
interest in politics, as my employer, Mr. Chapin, was a Demo- 
crat, or, as called at that time, a Bucktail, in distinction fnnu 
what was called a Clint(jnian. My reatling being mostly upon 
the Democratic side, my sympathies were strongly on that sitle, 
until after I came to the State (then territory) of Michigan in 

1 lived with Mr. Chapin six years, when he sold out his 
business to his brother-in-law, Harvey Cooley, and received an 
appointment as an officer of the State Prison then being Iniilt in 
the village (now city) of Auburn, N.Y. As he couKl not now 
fulfil his part of the contract with me, my indentures were given 



up, and I became free at the age of eighteen, which was thought 
by many, as I well recollect, would be the ruination of me. But 
I was not long in iinding a new place to finish learning my 
trade. I hired out to Justus Allen at a small village called, at 
that time. Fitch's Corners (now Mechanicsvalle) in the west part 
of the town of Scipio. I was to work under instruction for one 
or two years. For the first year I was to receive $73, for the 
second $96, a total of $i6S for the two years. The third year 
I worked at the same place for $15 per month. At this time I 
was in my twenty-second year, and had a capital of $240, which 
I thought of investing in some small western village, and com- 
mencing my trade in a small way. To find a suitable place for 
this venture in the winter of 1833-24 I traveled some time in 
the western part of New York. But at this time I found I was 
more interested in farming, and in farm locations and buildings, 
stock, etc., and I resolved if I ever became able to own a farm I 
would like to have one for a home. As I went through the 
country, I became more and more interested in the farming lands 
through which I passed, and by the time I got back from my 
western trip I had made up my mind to go to Michigan and lay 
out $200 for 160 acres of timbered land and make my own farm. 
I would have $40 left for expenses. I left for Michigan in 
April, 1824, in the company of Clement Pearsall and Elias 
Daniels. We were detained in Buffalo some two weeks on 
account of ice in the lake, when we went aboard the steamboat 
Superior, the only steamboat on the lake. We arrived in De- 
troit on Sunday, about the last of April, and started the same day 
for Oakland County. The first night we stayed at the house of 
Diodate Hubbard, situated about one mile from Birmingham on 
the Saginaw turnpike. The next morning we came to where 
the village of Birmingham now stands, and found Mr. West 
Hunter, Mr. John Hamilton, and Mr. Willetts had each made 
a beginning. Dr. Swan was then hoeing a little north of above 
settlers, and Asa Vastle was living over on the Ball Line road. 
I purchased land the loth day of May, it being the east half of 
the southwest quarter and the west half of the southeast quarter 


of section twenty-one of town two north, ninge eleven east, in 
the town of Troy, OaldancI Connty, the farm that I now own, 
occupied by my son Adams I. Bayley. 1 concluded to com- 
mence at once on my land to make a clearing. There were no 
roads in the vicinity. We followed the section lines by marked 
trees, sometimes getting lost. My fust day's chopping was on 
the ground where I aft"rwards built my house. I saved quite 
a number of small shade trees that seemed too beautiful to cut 
down, but they were all afterwards destroyed except one, a small 
sugar maple which I bent over witli one hand and held it wlnle 
I cut off the top with the axe held in the other hand. It was 
then about the size of my arm below the elbow. This tree is 
now standing in front of my liouse on the farm and can be seen 
for a mile or more as you come from the west. The top is 
about thirty feet across and the body of the tree about two feet 
in diameter. I value it higher than any other tree on the farm. 
I cleared the land and sowed four acres of wheat that season. 
I changed work with men living four miles away and boarded 
most of the time the same distance, carrying provisions and 
staying three or four days at a time. I built me a small cabin, 
six by eight feet, to live in and also for a lodging room. I did 
my cooking outside of the cabin, near the entrance or doorway. 
I always selected nice large chips for plates, and when done 
with them for that lime threw them away, so you see I had no 
dishes to wash and had clean plates every time. After I had 
built my shanty, as I called it, I made a very large brush Jieap 
over it, covering it up completely except one end, which was left 
for the entrance to the cabin. I recollect one night, being 
alone, that I felt quite sick, having taken a severe cold, and the 
next morning I could hardly crawl out of my cabin. I tiiought 
I should not be able to do any work and did not feel able t(; go 
to my boarding place. But after getting my breakfast as well 
as I could. I felt considerably better and soon went to work, and 
before night felt quite well. 

I left for home the 9th of October. My wheat was then up 
and looking first rate, and I had put a good fence around it. 



Before leaving I hired Mr. John Jones to chop two acres of 
land for me to be cleared off in the spring, after my return for 
spring crops. On my way to my old home in vScipio, where I was 
born and where my mother and two brothers then lived, bcino- 
short of money, I stopped at a place called Eleven Mile Creek 
(it being that distance east of Buffalo), and worked for about 
two weeks at my trade as currier; but, beginning to feel a little 
homesick, I concluded to take the stage the next mornin"-, and 
so informed my employer over night. Although 1 had made 
the bargain that I was to leave when I wished to, he seemed 
much surprised and refused to pay me that night. As the stao-e 
I wished to take would be along quite early, I felt some uneasi- 
ness, but the next morning he concluded to pay me and let me go. 

But to shoi'ten up my New York State history, I will only say 
that I was married on the 20th day of January, 1825, to Miss 
Dorcas N. Pearsall, and in April we started for our new home 
in Michigan. We had to come with a hired team to Buffalo, as 
the Erie Canal Avas not Hnished at that time. We took passage 
on the steamboat S^iperior for Detroit. There was at this time 
no other steamboat on the lakes. (3n arriving at Detroit I met 
Mr. William Staidey, who lived about a mile from my farm. 
He had a team, and we loaded oui goods and started quite early 
in the day and had to go about eigliteen miles. It took us all 
day. We arrived at Mr. Stanley's on Friday night, and the 
next day I went with my wife to see our new home, and one 
week from the next Monday we moved into our house. We had 
a shake roof and loose boards for an upper and under Hoor ; 
not a chink between the logs. My wheat was looking fine, and 
I went to work to clean off the tw(; acres which I had hired 
Jones to chop in my absence and put it into spring crops. We 
lived in the house through the summer without any door or 
windows or chimney. We built our lire against the logs of the 
house, as it was the rule to burn out three logs bcfoic Ijuilding 

In 1830 I left my farm for two years to take cliarge of a large 
tannery, two miles on the river above Detroit, for Phineas 


Davis, a merchant of Detroit. He gave me $500 a year. I had 
built a good frame barn by this time on my farm, and also had 
hired cleared some thirty acres of land in addition to thirty 
acres cleared before. 

In i860 I removed to Lansing, having received the appoint- 
ment of superintendent of the State Agricultural Farm. I was 
there two years. In 186S I left my farm, and removed to the 
village of Birmingham, four miles away, where I now live, and 
draw my supplies from the farm. I am in no business now, 
except in summer attending to my garden. I am now in my 
seventy-fifth year, in good health. My farm has now two hun- 
dred eleven and one half acres. I have taken the first premium 
of fifty dollars at the county fair on my farm. I have been 
offered seventy-five dollars per acre for the same. When I first 
settled on my farm, I felt the need of that practical knowledge 
which some of my neighbors seemed to have, and, as I was fond 
of my business, I was determined to succeed. My motto was to 
do everything the best it could be done. This I carried out in 
clearing and fencing, putting in crops, tilling, etc. I took a 
deep interest in agricultural papers, and I thought if 1 could 
not farm it as well on my new farm as was done on the model 
farms of the East, it helped me to form a liking and taste for 
farming which has l)een a great benefit to me. When our 
county agricultural society was first formed, I took an active 
part in the same, was frequently chosen as one of the board of 
managers, — executive committee, as they were called, — and 
was twice elected president of the same. I was also elected 
on the executive committee of the State Agricultural Society, 
and also president of the same. I was one of the committee 
and prcsiilcnt of tlie State Agricultural Society at the time the 
state legislature, in fullihnent of a requirement of the state con- 
stitution, passed an act authorizing the State Agricultural Soci- 
ety to purchase a site for the State Agricultural College Farm, 
which was located three miles east of the city of Laubing. We 
were required to locate the farm within ten miles of Lansing, 
at a price not to exceed fifteen dollars per acre. 


I had a captain's commission given me in our military com- 
pany by Gov. Stephen T. Mason when Michigan was a terri- 
tory. I never sought office. I left the Democratic party, feeling 
that it was too much in favor of slavery and too much in symjjathy 
with the doctrine of state rights. My experience and taste of 
early life was work, and plenty of it. 1 took a deep interest in 
my employer's business, and learned that whatever was worth 
doing at all was worth doing well. In early life my habits were 
formed of industry, and I at that time formed the habit of read- 
ing, which has followed me through life, and I am more 
indebted to this habit for what education I have than to all 
other sources. My tastes were all for farming. I admired the 
farmer's life. I believe at this time, after having spent over fifty 
years of my life on a farm, tliat I could not have enjoyed myself 
as well in any other pursuit. I was always considered a suc- 
cessful farmer, and took pride in my business, and used my 
spare means in building and improving my farm and enlarging 
it whenever I had a chance to purchase a few acres convenient 
to it. I have five deeds of land, comprising over two hun- 
dred acres, besides two deeds of village lots in the village of 



January 20, 1S85, being the sixtieth wedding anniversary of 
James and Dorcas Bayley, William C. Iloyt read the following 
sketch of the life of James Bayley : — 

Life of James Baylev, by William C. Iloyt. 

James Bayley was born in the town of Scipio, Cayuga County, 
N.Y., on the 7th day of July, 1802, and is the second son of 
Isaac Bayley, formerly of Windsor County, Vt. Mr. Bayley is 
an early pioneer, and first saw Detroit on the last day of April, 
1824, coming from Buffalo on tiie old steamer Superior, a 
plain, stout, and rough craft, mostly built from the remains of 
the first steamer on the lakes, The Walk in the Water. His 
first night in Michigan was spent with an old friend, the late 
Diodate Hubbard, who kept a house of entertainment about a 


mile from Birmingham, on the phice now owned and occupied 
by James McBride. 

Among the persons who lived on the road from Detroit to 
Birmingham was Henry Stevens and an eccentric woman com- 
monly called "Mother Handsome," but whose real name was 
Chappell. Her locality and place of entertainment was about 
five miles from Detroit. The place was afterwards called the 
" Young Place." She kept a temperance house even at that 
early date, perhaps on the stupid-pig principle. She abhorred 
liquor, thought it was a great evil, but sold vinegar, which ilid 
no harm. There was a great demand for her vinegar by old 
soakers, who said it was well seasoned with old rye. " I know 
not," says Mr. Bayley, " why she was called ' handsome,' for she 
was not a beauty, but had an ugly visage, which would occa- 
sionally exhibit its deformity when a dead beat was around, or 
when some old vinegar customer didn't pay up for his drinks." 
Mother Handsome went to Heaven or some other good place 
many years ago, and left a name and reputation which will not 
be forgotten by old settlers. 

When Mr. Bayley first came to Birmingham he found three 
families residing here: John W. Hunter, John Hamilton, and 
Elijah Willetts; the latter tlien kept a tannery, and his worthy 
widow is now living liere. The same day Mr. l^aylcy landed 
in Birmingham he went to the house of Captain Robert Parks, 
then in Bloomfield, now Troy. Soon after he went to Farm- 
ington and stayed over night with Ziba Blakeslee, the father of 
the go-ahead George, who has succeeded in raising a larr^e 
family and in accumulating worltlly goods. Mr. Bayley re- 
mained in Farmington two days and there formed an acquaint- 
ance with the well-known Green and I'owers families, who 
have made their maik in the history of Oaklautl County. Frcjiii 
there he went to Troy, where he made the acquaintance of a 
young man named John Jones, who was then living on the west 
half of the northwest quarter of section twenty-one. He was 
then in poor circumstances and very willingly aided Mr. Bayley in 
clearing off a few acres of land. " h^rom my acquaintance with 



him, which embraced a period of about sixty years, I can truth- 
fully say," says Mr, Bayley, " he was one of nature's noblemen, 
honest, industrious, and frugal, possessing good judgment, ster- 
ling common sense, which tjualilies enabled him to accumulate 
a large fortune, which he left in worthy hands." 

After wandering around and looking over the wilderness 
where is now the township of Troy, most of which has been 
cleared away by industrious pioneers, who possessed good sense, 
bony hands, and strong muscles, JSIr. Bayley went to Auburn, 
N.Y., and remained about two months, working as a joiu-ney- 
man at the tanning and currier's trade, for which he received 
the sum of $25, which appeared a large sum to him at that 
time. After laboring faithfully at this place, which has since 
become celebrated as the home of the distinguished statesman, 
William H. Seward, he returned to Scipio and engaged in the 
employ of his old boss, Justus Allen, late of Pontiac. While 
living in the place of his nativity he had early formed the 
acquaintance of a damsel whom he then thought, and still thinks, 
was fair to look upon, named Dorcas N. Pearsall, who was 
united with him in the pleasant bonds of matrimony on the 20th 
day of January, 1825, sixty years ago to-day. The minister 
who officiafed on the eventful occasion bore the name of 
Philander Kelsey, and was a worthy minister of the Baptist 
Church. Strange as it may appear, the following-named per- 
sons are living who were present at this wedding : Mrs. Laura 
Pearsall Philbrick, Mrs. Elizabeth Bayley Alexander, Mrs. 
Henry Pearsall, Mrs. Fanny Martin Pearsall, Benjamin Daniels, 
Sherman N. Pearsall, and Mrs. Robert Parks, all of whom, 
says Mr. Bayley, have acted their part in the drama of life, and 
-when the curtain falls will be remembered for their worthy 

In the month of April, 1S25, young Bayley hired a team at 
Scipio, where he and his companion spent their early days, and 
with her bade farewell to early friends, and started for the 
West, toward what was then the territory of Michigan. A long 
journey lay before them, and they were six days on their way 


before they reached Buffalo, then a small shipping port at the foot 
of Lake Erie. Here they embarked aboard the once celebrated 
steamboat Superior^ and after a voyage of six days landed on 
the dock at Detroit, which then contained a population prob- 
ably not exceeding four thuusand persons, a large proportion of 
whom were of French origin. They immediately went to their 
farm, now occupied by their son, Adams 1. Hayley, which had 
been taken up on the loth day of May, 1S24. Here they en- 
tered as their abiding place the pioneer's early home, the old log 
cabin. Here in their rude structure made of logs, Dorcas and 
James entertained their guests, told their stories, chatted and 
talked, usually in gentle tones, made their butter and cheese, 
laid their plans, and dreamed of the future. They remained on 
the farm until 1830. Their neighbors at the last-mentioned 
period were William Stanley, the father of the enterprising, 
jocose, gay, and festive youth. Lute Stanley, John Jones, Riley 
Crooks, John Sprague, Clement Pearsall, and Ira Toms. His 
more distant neighbors were Harvey Perkins, Guy Phelps, W'il- 
lard Daniels, John Waldron, Michael Beech, and James Skid- 
more. At what is now Troy Corners lived Johnson Niles, a 
very peculiar, eccentric, and go-ahead pioneer, whose name is 
familiar to the early settlers of Oakland County. Mr. Niles set- 
tled in Troy at an early day, and was an intUiential man, and 
gave a willing, helping hand to the settlers when beginning in 
the wilderness. He was a zealous politician, and a Democrat of 
the Old Hickory school, and usually was a delegate to the Dem- 
ocratic county conventions held at Pontiac, where were also 
such men as William Popleton, Oren Popleton, Alfred Hans- 
com, Moses Spears, Dr. James W. Hoyt, vXugustus C. Baldwin, 
John Davies, Edward Martin, A. G. Hovey, Joseph R. Bow- 
man, O. D. Richardson, Zebina Barrett Mowry, Sardis F. 
Hubbell, Hiram Barrett, William C. Hoyt, Arthur Davis, and 
other influential and successfid politicians who exerted much 
influence in rolling up the great Democratic majorities in Oak- 
land County and State of Michigan before the Republican party 
came into power. His son, living on the old farm in Troy, 


possesses many of the peculiarities of his father, with the same 
generosity and political proclivities of that sturdy and stiff- 
backed Democrat ancestor. 

After the year 1830 Mr. Bayley removed his family to the 
city of Detroit, and took charge of Phineas Davis' large tannery, 
where he remained for nearly three years, and succeeded in 
establishing that business upon a substantial and pacing basis. 
After this he returned to his farm in Troy, on which he had a 
clearing of thirty acres and had built a barn, a portion of which 
is now standing. The present frame house on tlie farm was 
erected in 1840, in which he remained until 1S60, when he re- 
moved to Lansing, and became superintendent of the State Agri- 
cultural Farm. Mr. R. F. Johnstone of Detroit, who was his 
immediate predecessor, left the property in a very unprosperous 
condition. It was deeply in debt, and the finances of the state 
were in a depressed condition, owing to the large defalcation of 
*' Honest John McKinney," state treasurer. This criminal 
abstraction of the funds created great excitement throughout the 
state. Mr. McKinney was tried and punished by imprisonment 
in the State Prison, which he left a disgraced man after having 
been pardoned out by Kingsley S. Bingham, the governor of the 
state. Through Mr. Bayley's exertion and influence the State 
Board of Agriculture was organized in 1S62, and he left the 
farm out of debt, in a prosperous condition, and $415 to its 
credit. Mr. Bayley further states that he bore the expenses out 
of his own pocket the first year, except $50, which was after- 
wards repaid him by the state. In the month of February, 
1863, he returned to his homestead in Troy, and remained there 
until 1S68, wlien he removed to Birmingham, where he now 

Mr. Bayley was in the state legislature of 1865, when Gov- 
ernor Crapo was the chief executive ofiicer of the state. Here 
' terminates the somewliat eventful history of one of the early 
pioneers of Michigan, who is upwards of eighty-two years of 
age. He saw Michigan when it was a wilderness ; he now sees 
it dotted all over with cities and villages and fruitful farms, and 


with a population of nearly two millions of human beings. But 
few of his early friends and neighbors remain. They erected 
the schoolhouses, l)uilt the churches, made the roads, and cleared 
the way for the coming generations. They saw hard times, and 
leave with those who follow them their worldly deeds, which 
will last forever. When Mr. Bayley was born, Thomas Jeffer- 
son was President of the United States, and he cast his first vote 
for John Qiiincy Adams. He lived during the administration 
of eighteen presidents. Eighty years ago no steamboats were on 
the lakes or the seas. The Erie Canal was not even thought of. 
A raih-oad was unknown. The news was conveyed on horse- 
back or by slow coaches. The route of the telegraph was on 
the clouds, and the untamed fluid which now conveys ideas 
around the globe in one moment of time at the bend of the fin- 
ger was quivering unchained throughout the universe. Detroit 
was a small village. jMichigan was a portion of the Northwestern 
Territory. Chicago was unknown except to Indians and skunks. 
Napoleon was deploying his triumphal eagles in several kingdoms 
of the world. Louisiana was owned by France, and negro 
slavery existed in nearly every state of the Union. Mr. Bayley, 
during his sojourn on earth, can truthfully say that art, inven- 
tion, and science have progressed more than tliey did in two 
thousand years previous. 

In his day he saw the old wooden clock hung up in the cor- 
ner of the kitchen, with heavy weights rimning down to the 
floor. He saw the old mother turning the spinning-wheel while 
.she rocked the baby in the craille. lie saw " Bessie" carding 
the wool with the hands, and spinning the rolls on the humiuing 
wheel. He saw the victuals cooked in a large fireplace in the 
kitchen, where hung the crane and burned a fire from nearly a 
cord of wood. He has seen the goodwife work over a day in 
making a plain pair of pantaloons for her husband or one of her 
tall and muscular boys with the aid of a little one-eyed needle. 
He has seen many a pair of socks and mittens knit by hand with 
the small knitting needles. He has paid twenty-five cents post- 
age on a one-half ounce letter, written with a goose quill. A 


day's journey in a wagon when he was a lad was not over forty 
miles, and now the wagons drawn by the steam horse can carry 
a passenger in one day eight hundred miles. The little lucifer 
match and the deadly six-shooter rifle were invented in his da)'. 
When he was young the smoke of the Indian wigwam curled 
among the trees in the village where he now resides. Mr. 
Bayley is now in the twilight of life, his sun will soon set for- 
ever, and he leaves these words to his kindred who follow him : 
" Act well your part as a good citizen ; sustain and be ready to 
defend the flag of your country. Be honest, economical, and 
industrious. Listen to the dictates of a good conscience, and 
bring no disgrace upon yourself or family." In the language of 
Simeon he says, " Now let thy servant depart in peace, for mine 
eyes have seen thy salvation which thou hast prepared before the 
face of all people." 

" Life's race well run, 
Life's work well done, 
Life's crown well won, 
Now comes rest." 

James Bayley died May i, 1S87. 

Dorcas Pearsall Bayley died July 14, 1S89. 

Briek Sketch of James Bayley, by Volney Pearsall Bayley. 

Volney Pearsall Bayley of Detroit, son of James and Dorcas 
Bayley, contributes the following: "My father must have pos- 
sessed pluck to have persevered alone all summer, sleeping in that 
little log place six by eight, with brush for roof. The rain 
rpust have come down inside sometimes. To work haril and 
eat cold pork and potatoes on chips out doors (or perhaps to 
have warmed them a little), I am afraid would have taken the 
farming proclivities all out of me, and the farm would have 
been for sale before the summer was over. My mother must 
, have made him ' two of a kind ' to luive gone with him into the 
woods. What a cold house that must have been that was built 
in a week ! That kind of people will later put up good build- 
ings, build good roads, and they will never forget to build good 


churches and have good ministers, and they will worship in 
spirit and in truth. They will make good people anywhere, 
and a community that has the necessary salt that will save them 
and make them have friends who are proud of them. My 
mother made her own carpets for over twenty years out of car- 
pet rags, and wove tliem on her loom. I was horn in 1843, and 
never had any houghtcn clothes until after I was ten years old. 
Mother carded the wool after washing it; she spun the yarn, got 
the cloth woven, and made us boys clothes. She spun tiie Hax 
and made all the linen tablecloths, napkins, towels, etc. ; she 
knit socks for the whole family; she drove up the geese, picked 
them, and furnished the feather beds. She bold cliickens, eggs 
and butter and cheese, which paid for all the groceries. But 
she never milked the cows or fed the horses or pigs, and never 
had anything to do with them. There were some things father 
would not have her do. If she wanted to take the horse and 
buggy it was brought round to the door for her, and she left it 
at the door when she returned. She had a hard, steady time of 
it for over twenty years ; then came the finer carriages, brussels 
carpets, gold false teeth, and silk dresses." 




rresidciii of the- .IssucKilioji, /yo^'-zy/o. 



Bailey =Bayley Family 



FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1908 






Business Meeting 7 

Address of Welcome, by Hollis R. Bailey 8 

Address of Rev. Nathan Bailey o 

Music II 

Address of Hollis R. Bailey, entitled " Bailey Migrations " 12 

Verses of Capt. Samuel E. Bayley, written in 1793 14 

Treasurer's Report 17 

Address of Edwin A. Bayley, entitled " John Bayly, Sr., of 

Salisbury " 18 

Will of John Bayly, Sr 29 

Officers Elected 32 

Poems Read by Miss Ella A. Piske: 

" Mixed Ancestry " 33 

How About You .^ " -34. 

Report of Committee on Genealogy 34 

Report on Genealogy, by Mrs. Abbie E. Ellsworth 35 

Luncheon 37 

Address of Volney P. Bayley 38 

Address of Hollis R. Bailey 42 

Letters of Absent Members read 44 

Sketch of Ezekiel Bailey White and His Wife, Laura Dustin 44 

Address of Henry Baiiy 47 

Remarks of Hon. John Bailey 50 

Conclusion 51 



Bailey-Bayley Family 



FRIDAY. JUNE 26. 1908. 

The committee having in charge the selection of the time and place 
for this gathering were Rev. Nathan Bailey, of Providence, R. L; 
HoUis R. Bailey, Esq., of Cambridge; Prof. Solon L Bailey, of Cam- 
bridge; Mrs. Larkin T. Trull, of Lowell, and Edwin A. Bayley, of 
Lexington. They were unusually fortunate, for the weather was perfect, 
— an ideal June day, — and the place was one of the most interesting, 
from an historical point of view, of any yet chosen for our meetings, as 
it was situated in close proximity to the site of the ancient homestead of 
" John Bayly, of Salisbury," the pioneer ancestor of one of the branches 
of our family in this country. 

The meeting was appointed for 10.30 a.m., but some time before 
that hour members and friends began to gather, and a very pleasant 
social time was enjoyed with old and new acquaintances until the 
business meeting was called to order at il o'clock. 


In consequence of the absence of the president of the Association, 
Rev. Nathan Bailey, of Providence, R. I., the meeting was called to 
order by Mr. John Alfred Bailey, of Lowell, the senior vice-president, 
who made a few pleasant opening remarks and asked tor nominations 
for a president pro tem., and, on motion duly made, Mollis R. Bailey, 
Esq., of Cambridge, was elected. 


Prayer was offered by Rev. Franklin W. Barker, of Amesbury, pastor 
of the Union Congregational Church, after which the president pro tern, 
dehvered the following cordial address of welcome: 


1 thank you for the honor you have done me in selecting me to preside 
at this gathering. 

We are all sorry that the Rev. Nathan Bailey, our president, is un- 
able to be with us. It is a part of the duty of your presiding officer to 
say a few words in the way of welcome to those who are present. 

We have with us to-day a considerable number of those who have been 
constant in their attendance at the gatherings of the Association. I am 
sure that I express their feelings as well as my own when I say that the 
friendships which we have formed at the meetings held in the years 
now gone are among our most valuable possessions and increase in 
value as each new meeting adds to our store of pleasant recollections. 

We have with us also to-day some who attend for the first time. To 
these, the president and the older members extend a very hearty and 
cordial welcome. 

We meet under very favorable auspices. We have come back, as it 
were, to the old homestead, and we find it to-day more beautiful than 
ever before. The noble Merrimac, separating the home of John 
Bailey, of Salisbury, on the north, from the later home of John Bailey, 
at Newbury, on the south, was never more beautiful than it is upon this 
perfect June day. This place is rich, if not with precious memories, 
at least with those things which stir our hearts and quicken our imagina- 
tion. We can almost see John Bailey casting his nets in the river, or 
sitting at the door of his log cabin on yonder hillside, thinking of the 
wife and children across the water who never came to join him. 

But I must not detain you. 

The secretary then read a letter received from the president. Rev. 
Nathan Bailey, expressing his regret at not being able to be present, 
accompanied by the following address regarding his own branch of the 



I deeply regret my inability to be present with you in this the twelfth 
gathering of the Bailey-Hayley Family Association. 1 trust the occa- 
sion will be one of profit and pleasure to all, and that it may help to 
strengthen tlie ties which bind us together. We are creatures of social 
t instincts, and the social aspect of these gatherings cannot be over- 
j estimated. 

In going about from place to place, I have frequently been asked as 
to which branch of the family I belong. I am obliged to answer, " To 
neither, yet to all." While there are several ways of spelling the name, 
there can be no doubt but that in its beginning it was the same. 

Like the founders of the name in its different branches here, I came 
across, not in the Mayflower or some similar ship in the early Colonial 
period, but in the Germanic, in the year 1882. There are a goodly 
number of Baileys, and some who spell their names b-a-y-l-e-y, now in 
New England who have come from the other side and who in their line 
are pioneers. 

Regarding my own branch of the family name, I know but little 
My ancestors for generations have been identified with the crockery 
trade in England. Coming from France during the Huguenot perse- 
cution, our ancestors are supposed to have settled in Wales, and from 
there drifted into Yorkshire. 

My grandfather, whose name I bear, a name which has been handed 
down through succeeding generations, came to Lancashire in his early 
married life, and was a pioneer in that section of England \n the glass, 
china, and earthenware business. He was also a farmer, owning and 
cultivating one of the largest and most productive farms to be found in 
that section of England. He lived in Turton, which lies between 
Darwen and Bolton. Those members of our Association who contem- 
plate a trip to England this summer, who should be so fortunate as to 
spend a little while in Bolton, Lancashire, will do well to go into the mar- 
ket hall and stop at the glass and china stalls which bear our name. You 
find there the two names which give the title to our Association. You 


will find on inquiry, that these names are of relatives, or were less than 
thirty years ago. When a lad in England, I did not think enough about 
the matter to inquire as to why this difference. However, we who 
spell our name 13-a-i-l-e-y are just as strenuous in our insistence on the 
correct spelling as is our genial and efficient secretary, Mr. Edwin A. 
Bayley. So far as 1 know, 1 am the only one of our branch of the family 
who is in the ministry. Had my father had his way, 1 should have 
succeeded him in his business as a wholesale glass, china, and earthen- 
ware dealer. 

Like the Baileys here, we have had the bugbear of an estate in 
chancery. I presume it will stay there, for who ever heard of such a 
thing as the " Crown " relinquishing its hold upon anything so valuable 
as one of these great estates upon which, through some technicality, it 
has been able to get its grip. If any of the members of this Association 
are haunted by such illusions, be wise, and don't waste time dreaming 
about it. If it is there, it will stay there, for there is no power in this 
universe that can ever get it out. In my boyhood I used to chase the 
" will o' the wisps," on the moors near my home, only to find, as I 
reached out to touch them, that they were yet a step further off. So 
with these great estates in chancery, you reach for them, but they are 
further off. 

The Baileys seem to have been a frugal folk, possessed of habits of 
thrift. Here in Rhode Island I find they have been characterized as 
industrious. Here also we come across another spelling of the name 
which might suggest how these varied spellings have come. In a vote 
of the town council of East Greenwich, in 1724, I find letters of ad- 
ministration granted to one Samuel Bealey, son of Hugh Beaky. This 
Hugh Bealey is evidently the Hugh Bailey who was made a free man of 
the Colony of Newport in 1702. Where the Rhode Island Baileys 
came from seems to be unknown. In interviewing many who bear the 
name, I find a lack of knowledge of their ancestry. Perhaps, having 
asked some questions, I have set in motion inquiries that may result in 
more definite knowledge in the near future. 

It is interesting to note the varied spelling of the name, — Baillie, 
Baily, Bailey, Bailly, Bayly, Bayley, Bayliss. It seems quite reason- 
able that the spelling b-a-i-l-l-i-e may indicate the origin of the name 

MUSIC. 11 

as coming from the occupation of its founder, bailiff. In my boyhood, 
the steward of a large estate in the near town of Longworth was always 
referred to as the bailiff. 

An interesting topic for a paper at some future gathering would be 
the place which the name has filled in history, literature, science, and 
politics, and in the commercial world, and to note that, in the varied 
departments of life's activities, we are still, as for many generations, an 
important factor. 

Members of the Association, it is an honored name that you bear, 
whether you spell it one way or the other. It is a name of which you 
are not ashamed. 

The motto of this Association, Semper Fidelis, lays upon us obliga- 
tions which reach backward as well as forward; Backward, that to 
coming generations there may be given accurate records of the Bailey- 
Bayleys of the past; forward, that there may be transmitted to those 
who follow us a name untarnished. This is both a duty and a privilege. 


The musical part of the exercises was, as usual, in charge of Prof, 
and Mrs. Eben H. Bailey, who always make it a very interesting and 
entertaining feature of the program of our meetings, and this year, 
as at several other gatherings of the Association, they were assisted by 
Miss Ella A. Fiske, of Clinton (a descendant of" John Bayly of Salis- 
bury "),and also by Mr. Burton O. Wetmore, of Boston, who, though not 
a Bailey by blood, has almost become one by adoption. After a musical 
selection by this quartet, Mollis K. Bailey, Es()., of Cambridge, gave 
the following interesting address. 


Baii.ey Migrations. 

The story of the removal of Gen. Jacob Bayley from Newbury, Mass., 
fust to Hampsttail, N. H., and later to Newbury, Vt., has been fully 
narrated by his descendant, Franklin L. Bailey, who is with us to-da)'. 
But the migration of Baikys from Newbury, Mass., to Newbury, Vt., 
or to places in that vicinity, was not confined to the descendants of 
John Bayly of Salisbury. 

Webster Bailey, son of Ezekiel, a descendant of Richard Bailey, of 
Rowley, was another emigrant. He was born in West Newbury, in 
1747, on the homestead which had belonged to his grandfather. He 
moved to Newbury, Vt., in 1787, when he hud seven children, the 
youngest only two years old. 

The following account of such a migration in 1796, written by Sarah 
Anna Emery, nee Smith, who was living at the time, gives us a vivid 
picture ol the manner of traveling trom Massachusetts to Vermont in 
those days. 

Her uncle, Samuel Smith, who had married a Bailey, had decided to 
emigrate from Nev.bury to the new country. Several of his wife's 
relatives Iwid recentlj- located themselves upon farms in Vermont. Mrs. 
Smith was an.vious to join tlieni. In Vermont, land was cheap, and they 
could secure a goodly number of acres. A tract of land in the town of 
Berlin was purchased anJ tlie preparations for a removal tiiither 

February was the time set for the moving, as that month usually 
gave the best sledding, which was a great desideratum for the trans- 
porting of the household goods. I'he whole family, including col- 
lateral branches, in a flurry for several weeks. One sister cut a 
generous i]uarter from her web of luun; another from her fulled cloth; 
a third presented blankets. There was a round of farev.ell visits, each 
of which was turned into a sewing bee for the benefit of the enngrants. 

A large sleigh was constructed which covered by one of the 
checked, woolen coverlets then so much used. A quantity of pro- 
visions was provided, cooked meats and poultry, pies, cakes, doughnuts, 


bread, butter, cheese, all packed into a wooden box. Other luggage, 
including a feather bed, bedding, and coverlets, were placed in the 
sleigh along with the family. 

It was necessary to thus prepare for the night's accommodation, as 
the houses of entertainment on the route were few in number, small, 
and often overcrowded. The furniture was loaded upon two ox-sleds. 
James Smith, a brother of Samuel, drove one sled, to which was attached 
a yoke of oxen and a horse. Mr. Bailey, Mrs. Samuel Smith's brother, 
drove the other team. Uncle Sam Smith, as he is called by our his- 
torian, had a yoke of oxen forward of his brother's pair, and his four 
cows were driven by another relative. It was a clear, frosty morning 
when the cavalcade took its departure. A sad parting for all, both for 
those going and those remaining. 

Twenty-one days later, James Smith reached home again. As the 
news spread that " Jim Smith had got home," the neighbors flocked in 
to hear of the journey and of the new country he had visited. " I was 
permitted," says the writer, " to sit up till an unwonted hour to hear a 
description of the journey; of the slow progress through the long, cold 
days; and the weary nights at the small, inconvenient taverns, which 
were often so crowded that the males of the company were obliged to 
sleep on the kitchen floor wrapped in their coverlets. At the end of a 
tedious week the new home was reached. One. of Aunt Smith's 
brothers (a Mr. Bailey) lived in a log house roofed with bark, with a 
stone chimney. The other Mr. Bailey had put up a good-sized frame 
house. The brick chimney was built and the floors laid, but the rooms 
were not partitioned. Quilts and coverlets were suspended from the 
beams. Uncle Sam's family went to housekeeping on one side of the 
chimney, while Mr. Bailey's family occupied the other side." 

Vermont, as Mr. James Smith judged, was a fine state, a grain and 
grazing country. 

The Baileys had raised a large crop of wheat of an extra quality. 
Father, i. e., James Smith, bought a quantity of the grain and brought 
it home to Newbury on a board chest which he constructed and fas- 
tened to his sled for that purpose. This was quite a successful specula- 
tion, as he paid only a dollar a bushel and sold it readily at home for a 
dollar and a halt. 


Speaking ot things in 1799, a few years after the migration above 
related, Mrs. Emery says: " Uncle Smith had prospered on his Ver- 
mont farm. Good buildings had been erected and most of the land 
cleared and brought under cultivation. He usually visited his native 
place every winter, bringing a sleigh-load of country produce, which was 
exchanged for dry goods and groceries." 

The Baileys above referred to were, 1 think, descendants of Richard, 
of Rowley. 

The descendants of James, of Rowley, were of an equally enterprising 
character, not to say roving disposition. 

James Bailey, born in 1722, a great-grandson of the first settler, was 
born in Bradford, later married, and lived first at Newburyport and 
then at Falmouth (now Portland), Me. 

After the French war he moved to Haverhill, N. H., just across the 
Connecticut River from Newbury, Vt., and later was one of the first 
settlers of Peacham, Vt. 

He served in the French war, having enlisted from Falmouth, Me. 
He had a very interesting, not to say trying, experience. Having been 
taken prisoner by the French at Lake George, he was carried to France 
and confineil in a prison for nineteen months. He was finally ex- 
changed and sent to England, from whence he returned to Falmouth. 

As he had, when he enlisted, a wife and eight children, the youngest 
only a few years old, and the oldest less than twenty yt ars old, we can 
well imagine that the prisoner underwent an agony of torment during 
his long confinement in France. 

The following lines, written by Capt. Samuel E. Bayley, of the brig 
Polly, who was captured by Algerian pirates in 1793, and held in cap- 
tivity in Algiers until 1796, are interesting as showing the feeelings of a 
man held a prisoner among barbarians. The verses are addressed to 
the young lady to whom he was betrothed. He was finally ransomed, 
but died of the plague on the homeward voyage, after an illness of only 
two days. 

*' To you, my friend, these lines I send, 
Though distant far from me; 
Though we're apart, my aching heart 
Is ever still with thee. 

secretary's report. 15 

" To let thee know my grief and woe 
Is far beyond my art; 
1 can't express the sore distress 
That racks my pained heait. 

" 1 mourn and weep while others sleep, 
My nights are turned to day; 
While time runs on, and hope forlorn. 
And rest goes far away. 

*' I think of thee where'er I be, — 
Of thy unhappy state; 
My thoughts and care are always there — 
On thee 1 contemplate. 

" Though hard my fate and wretched state, 
I pray for a relief; 
That God would bless me in distress. 
And mitigate my grief. 

" Without neglect 1 shall respect 
My parents till 1 die, 
Their tender care for my welfare 
Lives in my memory. 

"•I trust in God who holds the rod 
And doth chastise in love; 
He can relieve the captive slave 
And hear him from above." 

His father, Mr. Samuel Bayley, one of the richest merchants of New- 
buryport, I have not been able to place as regards his ancestry. 

The president then called upon the secretary for his report, which 
covered various matters of interest to the Association, includmg refer- 
ence to the proposed new edition of the history of the " John Bayly of 
.Salisbury " branch of the family, the material for which the Committee 
on Genealogy have been gathering during the last few years, and which 
can be published soon provided sufficient financial support can be 


The secretary made particular mention of the death of James H. 
Bayley, Jr., of Braintree, which occurred on May 3, 1908. He was a 
member of the executive committee of the Association, a lawyer, and a 
young man of much promise, and liis early death is a loss to our Associ- 
ation as well as to all other activities in which he was interested. Ap- 
propriate mention was also made of the death of Mrs. Bailey, wife of 
Hon. Andrew J. Bailey, who was president of our Association, I902-04. 

The secretary reported that two hundred and seventy-seven certifi- 
cates of membership have been issued, and that there seems to be a 
healthy growth and interest in the work of the Association. He also 
called attention to the fact that a few more copies of the " Bailey 
Genealogy," covering ten generations, and four thousand descendants, 
still remain for sale at ^2.50 each; also that reports of each preceding 
gathering can be had at fifty cents per copy. 

The attendance at this meeting was about one hundred, and while 
naturally most of those present were from Massachusetts and New 
hngland, there were several in attetidance from the West. 

The oldest Bailey present appears to have been Hon. John Bailey, of 
Wells River, Vt., age eighty-six, of whom more particular mention will 
be made later in this report, and the youngest was Altreda Jane Bailey, 
age eleven months, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Alfred Lovejoy Bailey, 
of Kansas City, Mo. 

Following the secretary's report, the quartet sang Barnby's " Sweet 
and Low," after which Mr. Ralph O. Bailey, of Amesbury, exhibited 
a Bailey coat-of-arms, which interested the members of the Association 
very much. In giving its history, Mr. Bailey stated that it had been in 
his family for many generations, and the tradition was that it came from 

The president then appointed a Nominating Committee, composed 
of Dr. Stephen G. Bailey and John Alfred Bailey, both of Lowell, and 
Milton Ellsworth, of Rowley, to pre-.cnt nominations for officers for the 
ensuing term. 

The president then called upon the treasurer of the Association, Mr. 
James R. Bailey, of Lawrence, for his report, which in substance was 
as follows: 



June 23, 1908. 


Balance on hand as per report of June, 1906 ^85.89 

Amounts received from annual dues, etc., and for dinner in 

June, 1906 270.50 


Paid for use of Ford Building for gathering, June, 1906 . . ^25.00 

Paid for dinner, June, 1906 81.25 

Paid for printing, postage, and incidental expenses . . . '74-47 

Balance on hand June 23, 1908 75-67 

Balance forward to new account $7S-(>7 

After making his report, which was duly accepted, the treasurer 
stated that he had served the Association continuously since its organiza- 
tion, in 1893, and in consequence of his private business he felt that it 
was necessary for him to decline a reelection. 

Remarks were made by members, e.xpressing their appreciation of 
Mr. Bailey's long and faithful service to the Association as its treasurer, 
and a unanimous vote of thanks was extended to him. 

An address commemorative of " John Bayly of Salisbury," covering 
his immigration from Old England and his life in New England, was 
then presented by Edwin A. Bayley, Esq., of Lexington, a descendant 
from him in the ninth generation. 



An Account of the Immigration of John Bayly, Sr., ok Salisbury, 
Mass., from Old England, and His Life in New England. 

Our place of meeting to-day is on historic Bayly ground. No meet- 
ing place could have been chosen which would be of as much interest 
to at least one branch of the family. 

On yonder hill, now long known by his name as " Bayly's Hill," but 
then only a part of a wilderness, designated, for lack of any other name, 
as " beyond the Merrimac," two hundred and seventy-one years or 
more ago our ancestor, John Bayly, acquired the land and built the 
humble log cabin which during the remaining fourteen or fifteen years 
of his life was his only home. He was the first of his family in Old 
England to seek a home in the New World, and it, therefore, is particu- 
larly befitting that, gathered as we now are at this starting point, or 
birthplace, of one branch of the family in this country, we should have 
presented as complete an account as may be of the life of him to whom 
so many of us trace our ancestry, and to whose memory we all gladly 
pay our tribute of respect to-day. 

While circumstances have seemed to place upon me the duty of pre- 
paring this sketch, 1 should have much preferred that it had fallen to 
some one better qualified to perform it satisfactorily, for the proper 
presentation of such a matter requires much painstaking care and in- 
vestigation; but fortunately this has already been done quite fully, 
which renders my part little more than the bringing together and the 
arrangement of the results of the careful investigation of others. 

It is, of course, fully realized that the complete presentation of the life 
of any character but dimly outlined on the distant horizon of the past 
is well-nigh impossible, unless that character happened to have been a 
very important factor of the times in which he lived, and usually, as 
in the present case, the subject can only be properly considered and 
presented in connection with some review of the tmies, the conditions, 
and the circumstances surrounding the life under consideration. 

The great religious awakening of the si.xteenth century, known in 


history as the Protestant Reformation, or Revolution, brought out and 
developed an independence of thought in rehgious matters which 
created an active opposition to the abuses of the Church of Rome. 
This was particularly true in France and England; in the former, the 
protestants were known as Huguenots, and m England as the Puri- 
tans, and so active did the persecutions become that the Protestants 
sought relief by immigration, many of the Huguenots going to the South- 
ern states, and the Puritans to the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay 
colonies in New England, and, during the twenty years succeeding the 
founding of the Plymouth Colony, from 1620 to 1640, many thousands 
ot immigrants from England sought a refuge and home on the shores of 

Among the immigrants arriving in the year 1635 was our John 
Bayly, vsith his son, who bore the same name. From what part of 
England he came I regret to say is not at present satisfactorily estab- 
lished, but 1 trust that later it may be definitely ascertained. Mr. 
Joshua Coffin, in his history of Newbury, Mass., published in 1845, 
states as a fact that John Bayly, St., was a weaver by trade and that 
he came from the town of Chippenham, in the County of Wilts, Eng- 
land; that while a passenger to New England, on the vessel called the 
Angel Gabriel, he was shipwrecked at Pemaquid, now Bristol, Me., in 
the great storm of August 15, 1635; ^^^^ 'i^ settled in Salisbury, Mass., 
removing to Newbury, Mass., in 1650; where he died on November 2, 

While it does not appear from what source Mr. Coffin obtained the 
information upon which he based the foregoing statements, yet, in view 
of the fact that he was a descendant of John Bayly, and maybe assumed 
to have made extensive investigation and research in connection with 
the matters recorded in his history, we may be justified in accepting 
his account, particularly as no facts in contradiction have been dis- 

There is also a tradition, though at present seeming to lack authentic 
confirmation, that John Bayly's wife's name was Elizabeth Knight, a 
daughter of William and Jane (Langbourne) Knight, of Embourne 
Berkshire County, England. 

If, then, as we may believe, this ancestor, with his son John, was a 


passenger on the Angel Gabriel on her ill-fated voyage to New England, 
it becomes both interesting and important to learn what we can of that 
vessel and its movements at about that time. We find from the en- 
tertaining volume entitled " Ten Years at Pemaquid," published by 
J. Henry Cartland in 1899, that this vessel, the Angel Gabriel, was built 
for Sir Walter Raleigh, and while we have no record of this eventful 
voyage from any of her passengers, we are particularly fortunate in 
having a fully authenticated account of some matters relating to it, 
from the diary of Rev. Richard Mather, who was a passenger on the 
vessel called the James, which sailed from the harbor of Bristol, England, 
with the Angel Gabriel on this same voyage. Rev. Richard Mather 
was the father of Increase Mather, once president of Harvard College, 
and his diary was published by Dr. Young, in his " Chronicles of 
Massachusetts," in 1846. 

The account of the experiences recorded by Mather is of particular 
interest to us as bearing upon what must have been similar e.xperi- 
ences of John Bayly and his fellow-passengers on board the Angel 
Gabriel, for these vessels were of nearly the same size; they both sailed 
from the same harbor, at the same time, and over the same course to 
New England; their passengers and cargoes were of the same general 
character, and for about two weeks of the voyage these vessels sailed as 
companrons, with frequent communications with each other, and at the 
time of the shipwreck of the Angel Gabriel they were only a few hundred 
miles apart. 

From Mather's diary it appears that he took passage on the 
vessel James, at Bristol, England, going on board May 23, 1635. Then, 
as now, Bristol was an important seaport, situated about ninety-five 
miles due west from London, and near the junction of the Avon and 
Severn rivers. From its port many important voyages of discovery 
have set out, including those of both John and Sebastian Cabot, and 
in its shipyards, in 1838, was built the Great Eastern, the first steamship 
to cross the Atlantic. Mather's diary states that the James was 
considerably delayed in stowing away her cargo and by adverse winds, 
and while thus delayed, on May 26, a ship called the Angel Gabriel, 
also bound for New England, came into Bristol Harbor. During the 
delays, which continued some days longer, there were interchanges of 


\^ its between the masters of these vessels and some of the passengers, 
and as a result it was arranged that these vessels should accompany 
each other on their voyage to New England. It appears that the James 
was a vessel of two hundred and twenty tons, unarmed, and the 
Angel Gabriel was somewhat larger, being of two hundred and forty 
tons, and carried fourteen or sixteen pieces of ordnance. On June ^ 
these vessels set sail, accompanied also at the start by three other 
vessels, bound for Newfoundland, namely, the Dilligence, of one 
hundred and fifty tons; the Mary, of eighty tons; and the Besse. 

Unfavorable winds were soon encountered and landings were made 
at Lundy Island, situated in the outer Bristol channel, and also at Mil- 
ford Haven, on the northerly side of the channel in Wales. At the 
latter port they waited twelve days, and on the Sunday spent there 
Mather says that some of the passengers from both the Angel Gabriel 
and the James attended church and heard, as he expresses it, " two good 
comfortable sermons made by an ancient, grave minister." It appears 
that the minister preached especially for their comfort and encourage- 
ment, and later visited the passengers on both ships. On June 22, the 
change of the wind enabled them to leave Milford Haven, and, on the 
following day, the three Newfoundland bound ships, which were sailing 
faster, finally parted company with the James and the Angel Gabriel, 
and though the James was much the faster sailing vessel of the two, her 
captain decided to stay in the company of the Angel Gabriel, in view of 
the fact that the latter was the largest and strongest budt of the vessels 
and appears to have been the only one carrying arms, but it is stated 
that the James was obliged to go with three sails less than she might, in 
order not to outsail her slower companion. 

On June 23 both the Angel Gabriel and the James spent the greater 
part of the day pursuing a vessel supposed to be a Turkish pirate and 
which was thought to have captured the Mary, one of the above-named 
vessels bound for Newfoundland. 

It is evident, as the story of the voyage progresses, that a very con- 
genial acquaintance arose between the officers and some of the passen- 
gers of these two vessels, and it seems that considerable seasickness pre- 
vailed on both ships. 

On June 29 the Angel Gabriel sent a boat to intjuire how the passen- 


gers on the James were getting along, and later that same Jay Captain 
Taylor, of the James, with Mather and another passenger, went aboard 
the Angel Gabriel. He states that they found the passengers doing well, 
and remained to supper. 1 hat they fared well svill be readily seen, for 
Mather says that they dined on boiled and roasted mutton, roasted 
turkey, good sack, etc. What the " etc." included we do not know, 
but as sack was a good quality of Spanish wine, wc may well believe 
that the bill of fare was ample, satisfying, and e.xhilarating. 

It appears that these immigrants included many of the well-to-do 
class, and that the cargoes contained their cattle and supplies, to estab- 
lish as comfortable homes as possible in the new world. The pleasant 
companionship of these vessels, however, was destined to be terminated, 
for Mather reports that on July 4 very rough weather was encountered 
and on that day the ships finally separated, his quaint entry being, 
" This day we lost sight ot the Angel Gabriel sailing slowly behind us, and 
we never saw her again any more." That this separation was regretted 
is shown from Mather's entry on July 6, stating that he advised Captain 
1 aylor to wait for the Angel Gabriel, as he doubted whether their own 
supjily of hay and water would liolJ out, to which advice he says the 
captain readily assented, but it does not appear that the Angel Gabriel 
was ever sighted again, and after waiting some time the James pro- 
ceeded on her course. Although the vessels thus ceased to be sailing 
companions, yet no doubt many of the experiences of the James as 
reported by Mather were the counterpart of those met with by the 
slower-sailing Angel Gabriel. Mather reports changes in the course of 
the winds, varying conditions of seasickness among the passengers, the 
encountering of large schools of porpoises, grampuses and dolphins, 
as well as flocks of seagoing birds, and the frequent appearance of 
whales, all of which broke the monotony and added interest to the long 

On July 25 the James was approaching the Grand Banks of New- 
foundland, and on July 27 her supply of hay and water was getting 
scarce and it became necessary to fill casks with sea water to serve as 
ballast for the vessel, v/hich had become too much lightened from the 
loss of weight of the water, beef, and other provisions and supplies which 
had been used in the course of the voyage. 


On August 3 a very severe storm, of short duration, was encountered, 
followed by a dense fog. 

On August 8 land was first sighted along the coast of Maine, in the 
vicinity of I'emaquid, and, skirting along the New England coast, the 
James reached the Isles of Shoals on August 14. On the following 
morning, August 15, at daybreak, the terrible easterly storm which 
wrecked the slower sailing Angel Gabriel as she lay in the outer harbor 
at Pemaquid, now Bristol, Me., broke upon tlie James in all its fury. 
Mather in his description of the effect of the storm on the J.xmes says, 
'■ The ship lost three great anchors and cables, sails were rent in sunder 
and split in pieces as if they had been but rotten rags," but she success- 
fully, although in a very much disabled condition, outrode the storm, 
and on the following day, August 16, reached Nantasket Bay, and ended 
her long, hard voyage of eighty-five days at Boston. 

Of the terrific force of this storm, which proved so nearly fatal to our 
ancestor, there can be no doubt, tor, besides Mather's account, we have 
that given by the Rev. Anthony Thatcher, who suffered an almost fatal 
shipwreck on the island which has since borne his name, off Cape Ann, 
at Rockport, Mass.; also the following very quaint and graphic account 
given by Gov. William Bradford in his " History ot Plimoth Planta- 
tion," his language is, " This year [1635] the 14th or 15th of August 
being Saturday, was such a mighty storm of wind and rain as none living 
in these parts, either English or Indians, ever saw, being like for the 
time it continued to those hurricanes and typhoons that writers make 
mention of in the Indies. It began in the morning a little before day 
and grew not by degrees, but came with violence in the beginning, to 
the great amazement ot many. 

" It blew down sundry houses and uncovered others, divers vessels 
were lost at sea, and many more in extreme danger. It caused the sea 
to swell to the southward of this place, above twenty foot, right up and 
down, and made many Indians to climb into trees for their safety. It 
took off the board roof of a house which belonged to the plantation at 
Manamet and floated it to another place, the posts still standing in the 
ground; it blew down many hundred thousand of trees, turning up 
the stronger by the roots and breaking the higher pine-trees off in the 
middle and the tall young oaks and walnut-trees of good bigness were 
wound like a withe, very strange and fearful to behold. 


" It began in the south east and parted toward the south and east 
and veered sundry ways, but the greatest force was from the former 
quarters. It continued not, in the extremity, above five or six hours, 
but the violence began to abate. Signs and marks of it will remain 
this hundred years in these parts where it was sorest." 

Such was the final storm, which, after the rough passage, burst upon 
and wrecked the staunch little Angel Gabrtet, as she lay in the outer 
harbor of ancient Pemaquid, now known as Bristol, Me. 

In Mr. Cartland's interesting volume, above mentioned, we find an 
account of the storm and the shipwreck of this vessel. Cartland does 
not give the source of his information, but he says that the Angel Gahntl 
was dashed to pieces, that one seaman and three passengers were lost, 
and most of the animals and goods. He also states, as a cjuotation, that 
one Bayly was a passenger on the Angel Gabriel, who came to settle in 
this country, leaving his wife in the old country, until he could make 
himself a little acquainted and provide a suitable place for his family 
here. His narrow escape from death in this shipwreck affected him 
deeply, and he wrote his wife such a doleful account of the matter that 
she never could be persuaded to undertake the voyage, even to join her 
husband, and as he did not care to again risk himself on the stormy 
Atlantic they remained separate the rest of their lives. Although 
Cartland does not give his authority for this evident reference to our 
ancestor, it is reasonable and natural and is borne out by all the facts 
so far as known. 

It further appears that among the passengers in the Angel Gabriel 
was one John Cogswell, a merchant from London, who, with his three 
sons and quite an amount of goods, was on his way to establish a home 
in New England. Cogswell, soon after the shipwreck, in company with 
Captain Andrews, of the Angel Gabriel, came to Ipswich, Mass., and 
there established himself in business. 

Of the journey of our ancestor and his son from Pemaquid to Ipswich 
or Newbury, we know nothing. Whether he came with Cogswell and 
Captain Andrews, as might naturally be expected, we can only surmise, 
but be that as it may, he with his son soon found their way to the land 
to which their journey was originally begun, and although the date of 
their arrival is not definitely known, it is certain that their coming was 


not long delayed. That John Bayly possessed the brave, adventurous 
spirit of the pioneer, there can be little doubt, for neither the rapidly 
growing seaport of Ipswich nor the recently settled plantation of New- 
bury seemed to have sufficient attraction to him to make either his home, 
and he pushed forward across the Merrimac River and became the first 
permanent settler of that wilderness, then known, for want of any other 
name, as simply " beyond the Merrimack." Since his son seems to 
have preferred to remain in the settlement at Newbury, a few miles 
away, John Bayly at first dwelt alone in his log cabin on yonder hillside, 
which then as now overlooked a wide, picturesque stretch of country 
and the waters of the Merrimac in their winding course towards the 
sea, and here he may have been a year oreven more, when, in June, 1637, 
the first authentic record of his presence appears. 

It seems that a certain William Schooler had undertaken to conduct a 
young woman, Mary Schoolee, from Newbury to Portsmouth. Some 
time after, her dead body was discovered by an Indian. As Schooler 
may have been in the employ of Bayly or his neighbor in that lonely 
region, and as Bayly might be expected to be able to throw some light 
on the matter, it appears from the records of the Court at Boston that 
on June 6, 1637, an order was issued for the appearance of Schooler, 
Bayly, and an unnamed person, all described as dwelling " beyond the 
Merrimack," to appear at the Court at Ipswich, or before the magis- 
trates there, who have power to take further order, as they might see 
cause. As the Bayly referred to was doubtless our ancestor, this order 
establishes the fact that he was then a resident " beyond the Merri- 
mack." It is also interesting, in this connection, to know that the Court 
records show that Schooler was subsequently indicted and tried for the 
murder of Mary Schoolee and was found guilty on August 7, 1637, and 
was later hanged in Boston. There is nothing to show that John Bayly's 
name was connected with the trial, not even as a witness, and it is need- 
less to add that he was entirely innocent of any connection with the 

The finding of many Indian relics in this immediate vicinity estab- 
lishes the fact that it had been for a long time important Indian ground. 
On these hills and along the banks of this tributary stream the Indians 
frequently met in conference. Here they held their pow-wows and went 


forth to war or to pillage, and the stream, in consequence of these Indian 
conferences, has long been known as Powow River. 

The advance of the white man could not, however, be longer stayed, 
and on September 6, 1638, on the petition of Simon Bradstreet and his 
associates, the Court granted to them the right of establishing a planta- 
tion at Merrimack, giving to them the right to associate with themselves 
such other persons as they deemed desirable, to locate a seat of their 
town and to allot the lands among the proprietors. Under these impor- 
tant powers, the plantation known as " Merrimack " was begun, within 
the limits of which was John Bayly's home. Whether, und erthese 
circumstances, he had some disputes as to ownership with the pro- 
prietors does not distinctly appear, but the records ol the Court, under 
date of June 4, 1639, show that John Bayly was fined five pounds for 
buying land of the Indians without leave, with condition that if he would 
yield up the land the fine would be remitted; that the occasion for the 
fine, whatever it may have been, was but a, slight offense, is amply shown 
from the fact that when, in September of the same year, the name of the 
plantation was changed from Merrimack to Colchester, John Bayly's 
name appears among the thirty-seven names of those who shared in the 
first division or allotment of the land under the Bradstreet petition. 
What lands his allotment included we do not know, but presumably 
that which he was already in possession of. The particular location of 
his home on yonder hill is, of course, a matter of great interest, and from 
the extensive investigation of the late Alfred Bailey, of Amesbury, Mass., 
who resided many years in this immediate locality, it is quite clearly 
established that our ancestor's homestead comprised a triangular tract 
of about fifty acres on Bayly's Hill, bounded by the Powow River on 
the east, and the Merrimac on the south, the boundaries of which may 
even now be satisfactorily determined. Very interesting accounts 
with reference to it and its location may be found in the address of Mr. 
William H. Reed, who quotes from a paper prepared by the said Alfred 
Bailey, and also from an address of the said Alfred Bailey entitled 
" John Bayly's Cellar." Both addresses will be found in the report of 
the third gathering of the Association. Further reference to it will also 
be found in the address of Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth, printed in the 
report of the ninth gathering of the Association, all of which furnish 
valuable additional facts for the family history. 


In October, 1640, by order of the Court, the name of the plantation 
was changed from Colchester to Sahsbury. As the phintation came to 
be more settled, the right of fishing in the Powow River began to assume 
considerable importance, and, as the first settler, we may believe that 
John Bayly had from his coming exercised the natural right of fishing 
in its waters, which might be assumed to follow with his priority of 
occupancy of the locality, and though soon after the organization of tiie 
town, in 1640, the proprietors assumed the authority over the fishing 
rights, yet it appears that they gave to John Bayly the exclusive right 
of establishing a weir for fishing in the Powow River. It would also 
seem that this right was granted on certain terms which were not en- 
tirely satisfactory to Bayly, for, on January 10, 1642, the records show 
that the right was taken from him by reason of some alleged failure to 
perform the conditions on which it was granted to him. In view of the 
fact that Bayly may have felt that his priority of occupancy and use 
gave him the rights which the proprietors under their plantation decree 
had no authority to limit, it is not strange that there should have been 
some disagreement between them. This, however, was very soon 
adjusted and the exclusive right was almost immediately restored to him, 
to continue for two years, upon terms which appear to have been after- 
wards satisfactory to all parties. 

In October, 1644, the records show that there was a further grant or 
allotment of land to John Bayly, as well as an allotment to his son John, 
but where these lands were located I have been unable to determine. 

During the next five years I find no definite reference to our ancestor, 
and we may presume that he continued his simple pioneer life at this 
home, during which time the permanent settlement of the vicinity was 
steadily going on. 

The next definite reference we have to him occurs in 1649, under 
the following circumstances: Some years previous, in 1637, the Court 
had made an order requiring all married persons residing within its 
jurisdiction, whose families were residing elsewhere, " to repair to their 
relationships upon the first opportunity of shippmg," under a penalty 
of the payment of twenty pounds, unless they showed just cause to the 
contrary at the next county court. It appears that some time prior to 
April, 1649, John Bayly was summoned to make answer under the 


above-mentioned order for not going to his wife, or bringing her to hinu 
His answer was duly and satisfactorily made to the Court on April 24, 
1649, ^s appears from the following entry upon the Court records, 
namely, " By good evidence to the Court that John Bayly, Sr., of 
Salisbury, hath used good and sufiicient means to procure his wife over 
from England, and she utterly refusing to come, it is thought meet by 
said Court that he shall not be constrained to go over to her, using still 
what means he may to get her over." This record constitutes a com- 
plete justification of John Bayly's course in the matter, and fully 
corroborates the statement of Mr. Cartland as to why he and his son 
John remained separate from the rest of his family. Some writers, in 
mentioning this matter, have not stated all the facts, which should in 
justice have been done, and for this complete record I am indebted 
to Franklin Ladd Bailey, of Boston, one of John Bayly's descendants, 
who has made a most thorough and exhaustive study of the family 
genealogy, the results of which are, and will continue to be, of great and 
permanent value to the family. 

It further appears thatat the same term of Court last mentioned, April, 
1649, «*" order was entered that John Bayly be relieved from all military 
service at the trainings, providing he paid five shillings annually to the 
military company of Salisbury. Such an order naturally raises the 
question of his age, and on this point there is no definite information. 
It appears from other records that his son John, who is presumed to 
have been his oldest child, was twenty-two years of age when they came 
to New England in 1635, and it is, therefore, fair to presume that John 
Bayly, Sr., was at the time of his arrival somewhere between forty and 
fifty years of age, and at the time this order was passed, fourteen years 
after his arrival, he may have been from fifty-five to sixty-five years of 

As I have already said, there is a tradition that John Bayly removed to 
Newbury in 1650, but I have found no corroboration of this statement. 
On the contrary, I find in the record of a sale of land in 1650, reference 
made to a road leading by the house of John Bayly, Sr., which while not 
conclusive, would seem rather to contradict the tradition that he 
removed to and was a resident of Newbury at that time. 

There remains little to add to this sketch, for the life of this brave, 


Sturdy old pioneer was nearing its close, and we learn from his will, 
which bears the date of August 28, 1651, that his final sickness was 
serious and of at least some considerable duration, for at the time his 
will was executed he was confined to his bed. His death occurred 
not quite three months later, on November 2, 1651. It is probable that 
his death may have occurred at the home of his son in Newbury, where 
he may have gone to be better attended and cared for in his last sick- 
ness, which may have been the foundation of the tradition of his removal 
to Newbury. 

By his will, above mentioned, it is so apparent that he sought to deal 
justly and fairly with those who stood closest to him, and who would 
naturally share in what he had accumulated from the lonely toil of his 
life as a pioneer, that I cannot refrain from quoting it in full, for it is the 
only writing left by him, and may be taken as the best indication of his 



This the last will of John Bayley sen. being on his sick bed, he being 
yet in his right mind and senses. 

First. I give unto my son John Bayley (aged 38) my house and land 
lying and being in the town of Salisbury, during his life, and after my 
son's death his second son Joseph Bayley (aged 3 y. 6 mo. 24 days) is 
to enjoy it, and if Joseph doth not live to enjoy it, then his younger 
brother is to enjoy it — (James aged i y. I mo. 16 days), and when 
Joseph Bailey or his younger brother cometh to enjoy this laml, lie is 
to pay to his eldest brother John Bayly (aged 8 years. 5 mo. 10 d.) the 
sum of forty pounds as his grandfather's gift. And I do likewise make 
my son John Bayly sole executor of all that ever I have, only my execu- 
tor is to pay to my wife his mother the sum of six pounds a year during 
her life provided she cometh over hither to New E.nglatid. Likewise 
my executor is to pay to my son Robert fourteen pounds provided also 
he come over hither to New England. Likewise my executor is to pay 
to my daughters his sisters the sum often pounds apiece provided they 
come over here to New England. But in case they do not come over 
hither but do send by any messenger for their portions they are to re- 


ceive five shillings apiece for their portions whether sons or daughters, 
and all these sums are to be paid according as it can be raised out of 
my land and stock, and likewise it is to be paid to every one of them 
according as the overseers and executors shall see cause. And farther, 
my executor is to pay for the passages of those who do come over 
hither, of them whether it be of wife or children, or any of them. And 
further 1 do give to my son John Bayly's children either of them a 
young beast as soon as may be with conveniency and my son their 
father is to breed these beasts for every of his children till these beasts 
groweth to cows or oxen, and the children are to have the profit of them. 

And I do make my brother John Emery Sen. of Newbury and Mr. 
Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury to see as this to be performed. 

In witness hereof 1 do set my hand the day and year above written. 

Witness hereof 
William Illsley 

John Emery Jun. This the mark (J. B.) of 

John Bayly senior. 

A codicil. — Likewise 1 do give to Will. Huntington wife and chil- 
dren the house and land 1 bought of Valentine Rowell, and 1 do desire 
my overseers to see it made good to her and her children. 

From this testamentary document, it appears that he was survived by 
his son, John, who came with him and who shared in the hardships of 
the ever-memorable voyage and the trying experiences of pioneer life 
in New England, and that he also was survived by his wife and at least 
one son, Robert, and several daughters, none of whom, so far as at 
present known, ever crossed the Atlantic. 

There is a tradition, which some appear to accept as a fact, that 
Joana Huntington, the wife of William Huntington, mentioned in the 
codicil of his will, was his daughter, but I am unable to find any suffi- 
cient corroboration of such a claim. Doubtless the Huniingtons had 
been kindly neighbors to him in his lonely life and he lelt that they were 
fully entitled to the recognition which his codicil gives them, but I find 
no proof of a closer relationship. His will was allowed on February 
13, 1652, and may be found among the records of Essex South District 
Registry of Deeds, having come down as part of the record of Old 

Monument, Gulcmtha Cemktkkv, A.meshuky, Mass. 


Norfolk County (Book i, page 15) which at the time included the town 
of Salisbury and the towns across the present border of New Hamp- 
shire as far as Exeter and Dover. While his place of burial is un- 
known, it doubtless was either in Salisbury or Newbury, and it is hoped 
that it may yet be identified. Perhaps the ancient burying ground 
called " Golgotha," located near the scenes of his active life, was his 
final resting place and that the monument recently placed there in com- 
memoration of the names of the eighteen first settlers of the town, among 
whom his name appears, is his only tombstone. It may be, however, 
that if his death occurred in Newbury, his burial was there also. 

And thus ends the sketch of this humble, hardy, energetic pioneer, 
who lived his lite courageously and well, according to his opportunities 
and surroundings. If thereby we are enabled to gain a clearer view of 
what he really was, the object is fully accomplished. 

It will soon be two hundred and fifty-seven years since John Bayly 
died, and to-day his descendants are numerous and widely scattered. 
Some still reside in this immediate locality, yet long ago, by natural 
migration, the dispersal of his name and blood began. First to Boston 
and its immediate vicinity, then to Vermont, Connecticut, and New 
York, and later to the West and the South, and it is a pleasure to-day 
to be able to say that many of the descendants have rendered valuable 
and important service both in public and in private life, and that all, 
according to their opportunities and abilities, liave assisted in estab- 
lishing and maintaining a good reputation of the family name and blood. 

Finally, may we not hope that among a considerable number of his 
descendants, in token of their appreciation of his earnest though 
humble efforts, there may be aroused a desire and a purpose, which 
shall assume the force of a duty, to seek out his burial place and erect 
thereon, as well as on the site of his home on yonder hillside, some 
simple, suitable, and permanent monument to his memory. 

Following this address, Mrs. Moses E. Davis, of Pleasant Valley, 
Amesbury, a descendant through her father, Alfred Bailey, from 
Richard Bailey, of Rowley, and, through her mother, of John Bayly, of 
Salisbury, made a few interesting remarks, and also read extracts from 
her father's account of the home of" John Bayly of Salisbury." 


The president then called for the report of the Nominating 
Committee, which was presented as follows:. 

Hon. Charles O. Bailey, Byfield, Mass. 


John Alfred Bailey, James R. Bailey, 

Lowell, Mass. Lawrence, Mass. 

J. Warren Bailey, Horace W. Bailey, 

Somerville, Mass. Newbury, Vt. 

Prof. Solon L Bailey, George Edson Bailey, 

Cambridge, Mass. Mansfield, Mass. 

Volney P. Bayley, Dudley P. Bailey, 

Detroit, Mich. Everett, Mass. 

William W. Bailey, Edward P. Bailey, 

Brooklyn, N. Y. Chicago, 111. 

Executive Committee. 
The above officers, ex ojfictts, and 
Eben H. Bailey, Alfred S. Bailey, 

Boston, Mass. Boston, Mass. 

Dr. Stephen G. Bailey, Henry Baily, 

Lowell, Mass. Newton, Mass. 

• Mrs. Larkin T. Trull, Lowell, Mass. 

Edwin A. Bayley, Lexington, Mass. 

Hollis R. Bailey, Cambridge, Mass. 

Walter E. Robie, Waltham, Mass. 

Committee on Genealogy. 
Hollis R. Bailey, Mrs. Gertrude T. Bailey, 

Cambridge, Mass. Tewksbury, Mass. 

William H. Reed, Mrs. Abbie T. Ellsworth, 

South Weymouth, Mass. Rowley, Mass. 

On motion, the report of the committee was accepted, and the nomi- 
nees duly elected. 


The following humorous poems were then read by Miss Ella A. 
Fiske, of Clinton. 

Mixed Ancestry. 

It's all the rage 
To now engage 

In many odd researches 
For what is told 
In records old 

In safety vaults and churches. 

We aim to know 
If, long ago, 

Our forbears honors carried, 
And if they came 
In time to fame, 

And whom the maids they married. 

We search to see 
If we may be 

From kings or knaves descended. 
And learn, forsooth, 
The simple truth — 

That both in us are blended. 

We find, it's true, 
4 There's blood that's blue 

That in our veins is flowing, 
And then we find 
Some other kind, 

O'er which we do no crowing. 

It's very sad, 

But through this fad 

It seems that we are fated, 
To learn of knaves, 
Who're in their graves, 

To whom we are related. 

'Twould be more fun 
For every one 

If blood could be selected, 
And forebears bad 
We may have had 

Could calmly be rejected. 

— Chicago Evening Post. 


How About You ? 

It matters little, dear young man, your grandsires were born, 
Or if your great-great grandfather read law or planted corn; 
Nor does it matter much to-day what your grandmother knew. 
But what the world desires to know is, what is there to you ? 

Perhaps some of your ancestors, with sabre or with gun. 
Helped rout the English forces from the plains of Lexington; 
Or else, perchance, at Hunker Hill, their swords with valor drew, 
Hut what the world to-day demands is service good from you. 

^ our mother's uncle may have been a soldier brave and great. 

Have made some great discovery, or colonized a state, 

Or with the thousands that he made some college have endowed, 

liut what, young man, have you e'er done of which the world feels proud ? 

There is no harm for you, young man, your lineage to trace 

Hack to some mighty giant mind whose deeds have blessed the race. 

Hut let me whisper this to you, in a soft undertone, 

If you a laurel wreath would wear, weave for yourself your own. 

— Thomas F. Porter. 


An interesting report of the Genealogical Committee of the Associ- 
ation was next presented by Mrs. Gertrude T. Hailey, of Tewksbury, 
in which further reference was made to the pioposed new edition of 
the descendants of " John Bayly of Salisbury." Mrs. Hailey has de- 
voted a great deal of time and labor to collecting material for this 
history, and the Association in general, and the descendants of John 
Bayly in particular, are under lasting obligations to her tor her efficient 
and faithful services thus rendered. 

Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth, of Rowley, who gathered a large part of 
the material for the John of Salisbury branch, contributed the following 




Any additions I have made to the genealogy of the John Bailey of 
Salisbury branch have been obtained more by the way ot correspond- 
ence than by that of research. 

Sometimes 1 receive a letter concerning a Revolutionary soldier, 
written in order that his descendant may be able to join the Colonial 
Dames or the Daughters of the Revolution. Then there are others 
who write me because they desire to find their right line from John 
Bailey, the first settler. When their place in the direct line is found, it 
is easy to get from them intormation concerning a number of Imes to 
the present time. In the '" Bailev-Bayley Genealogy," there are many 
noted and interesting families that are only partly given, and there is 
much need of a more complete account of them. 

I have two interesting letters from the South, one from Mrs. .\costa, 
nee Bailey, of Jacksonville, Fla. The other one is from Mrs. James 
Stacy Bailey, of Waycross, Ga. The latter is quite interested to know 
the correct coat of arms. She said she had in her possession three, and 
did not knoNV the right one. In that respect she does not differ from 
the rest of us. I referred her to Mr. Ralph O. Bailey, of Amesbury, 
and they have traced the ancient one in their possession, taking a great 
deal of time and care. 

She has sent me a good deal of the James Stacy Bailey line to the 
present time, with possible avenues for more. This line is very 

We attribute great ability, courage, and enterprise to the '' John of 
Salisbury " line, and this family is not without its share. I will not 
read all we have of it, but will quote some parts of it. 

John Bailey (No. 170, page 175," Bailey-Bayley Genealogy"), born 
in Weymouth, Mass., died in Woolwich, Me. He was an officer in the 
Revolutionary War in Col. Michael Jackson's regiment. He en- 
listed January i, 1777 (see " Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of 
the War of the Revolution," Vol. I., page 830). He was also a repre- 


sentative to the legislature of Massachusetts from the district of 
Maine. He married Annie Memory, a French girl, and they had eight 

John Maximilian, one of the eight, born at Woolwich, Me., August 8, 
1764, died at Woolwich, October 5, 1857. He married first, Susan 
Hodgson, and second, Susan Brookings, and had seven children. 

Abner, one of the seven, by the second wife, was born at Woolwich, 
Me., March 14, 1796, died at Libertyville, III., 1871. His first wife 
was Mahala Marshall, of Wiscasset, Me.; his second wife was Priscilla 
Speed, of Washington, Me. 

Abner Bailey had ten children by the first wife, and eleven by the 
second one. How would that please our President t 

The ten children of Abner Bailey and his first wife, Mahala Marshall, 
all born in Maine, have settled in various parts of the United States. 
Four of them, William Stacy, John, Frank, and James Sylvester, 
moved to South Georgia before the Civil War. All were engaged in 
lumber manufacturing. James Sylvester Bailey had a large lumber 
business near the Georgia coast, and the place Bailey's Mills was 
named for him. He was also associated with Mr. Sewall, of Maine 
(candidate for the office of Vice-President), in the shipbuilding business. 
William Stacy Bailey, after being engaged in the lumber business, 
settled on a farm of several hundred acres near Waycross, Ga., and 
was for twelve years county treasurer of Ware County, Georgia. 

Mrs. Bailey also says that, as far as her knowledge goes, the only 
child living, of Abner Bailey and his first wife, is Isaac Bailey, who lived 
for many years in Virginia, and now lives in Chestcrtown, Md. 

Of the children of the second wife, one Ada, now Mrs. Perry, lives in 
Boston, No. 20 Chisholm Park (now Kim Hill Park), Ro.xbury. 

James Stacy Bailey, child of William Stacy Bailey, was born in 
Montgomery County, Georgia, October 9, 1848, and married Mattie 
May Taylor, daughter of Rev. John R. Taylor. 

Another writer, in a letter from Manistee, Mich., says her grand- 
mother's maiden name was Polly (or Mary) Bailey. She married 
Aaron Gregory. She adds that her great-grandfather was Jacob 
Bailey, of Long Island, son of Jacob Bailey, ami that he had many 
thrilling experiences with the British, being captured once and rescued 


by his wife. After the war, he moved to Delaware County, New York. 
In looking over the Bailey genealogy, she finds sixteen Jacob Haileys, 
but not one of them seems to be the right one. 

As there has never been any money to pay car-fares, postage, etc., 
we must depend a great deal on these seekers of knowledge to aid us in 
connecting them with their early ancestors. 

It is tedious to have long genealogies read at the meetings, but those 
that are put in the report may be helpful to the seekers, especially to 
those who are members of the Association, and so are entitled to a report. 

I have considerable material that is not yet connected at all with the 
lines we know of. I have also written in my book of genealogy much 
additional that has come to me since it was published. 

The morning session closed with the singing of Faure's " Palms," 
by Mr. Wetmore, with Prof. Eben H. Bailey accompanying him on the 


A substantial lunch was served in the vestry of the church, at one 
o'clock, by the ladies of the Union Congregational Church. 

After the lunch, a picture of the officers of the Association was taken 
for publication in the Newburyport News, which paper had an excellent 
and comprehensive report of the gatiiering, with several pictures. 


The members reassembled in the church at about 2.30 p.m., and the 
afternoon session was opened with the singing of " Annie Laurie " by 
the quartet. 

The president then called upon Mr. Volney P. Bayley, of Detroit, 
Mich., who responded by giving the following interesting address. 



Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Bailey-Bayley 
Association ; 

When I say that I am glad to be with you to-day it is no idle, per- 
functory statement. It is the first meeting of this character that 1 have 
attended. The Association is unique in itself, and to me the occasion 
is of absorbing interest and deep genuine pleasure. 

It is a grateful tribute to the virtues of those of our kin who have gone 
before, as well as uplifting to ourselves, to pause for a moment in the 
mad rush for gain and position — to stop the flight of time for a little — 
while we, through reminiscences, associations, story, and thought, link 
the present to the past, live in memory over again the days gone by, 
and draw inspiration from the honorable, unselfish lives and kind, 
Christian deeds of our forefathers. 

You know we are inclined to live very much in the present; ordinarily, 
the past is quickly forgotten. In a sort of faint, indistinct way, fancy 
pictures some of the difficulties John of Salisbury and his immediate 
kin must have encountered in those early colonial days. But those 
difficulties molded and developed character, the influence of which is 
manifest in our midst to-day. The struggles of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony are matters of history, and it is worth something to us of to-day 
to feel and to know that in those early struggles and sacrifices our 
ancestors took part. 

It has been said by great writers that there was little in a name, — 
that a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. VieucJ lit- r-iUy, 
I am inclined to believe this is true. As an abstract proposition purely, 
a name is simply a means of identification. It is an mherent ([uality 
of the object or thing — good or bad — as associated with the name, 
that gives character to the latter. When the rose is mentioned, as a 
matter of association it brings to our minds something delicious to 
smell and beautiful to look upon — not because of the name, but 
because of the inlierent qualities of the object itsell. A name, like a 
life, is just what we make it. 




The name Bayley spelled with the middle " y " sounds good to 
I like It, not simply because it is the one I bear, but rather for the 
reason that back of the name, giving it vitality, strength, and character, 
stand the lives and records of reputable antecedents. 

As I view it, it is the character and personality of past and present that 
make a name what it is, and it is for this reason, it seems to me, that we 
have a duty to perform to that name. Is it not in the nature of a sacred, 
invaluable heritage, just intrusted to our care and keeping for a little 
as we pass along through life r Is not my sacred duty, as a man, if 
possible to add to, or at least to safeguard, a name made honorable by 
my father ? Is it not my duty to impress upon my children the impor- 
tance of keeping unsullied and untarnished the name they bear ? I 
believe I owe this to the past, to the present, and to the future. 

In a gathering of this sort, where we are engaged more or less in look- 
ing backward, it is natural I think for our minds to revert to the late 
past, and to dwell upon those who were responsible for our being. I 
regard my mother and father in life as having been splendid types of 
manhood and womanhood; the longer I live the more I appreciate 
their virtues. 

My mother was a woman of great force of character in a quiet, modest, 
unassuming way. No truer saying lives than that " the hand that 
rocks the cradle rules the world." The early training of the child, 
the early formation of character, is of necessity left largely tu the mother. 
God bless our mothers. 

My father was a large man physically, and well balanced mentally, 
earnest and just in his convictions, and strong in his likes and dislikes- 
He stood high in his community, and was looked upon as a leader. He 
came to Michigan in 1824 and began clearing his farm, thus being one 
of the early pioneers of Michigan. There in the woods, close to nature, 
he and my mother worked side by side. What they accumulated came 
to them through hard, earnest labor, for those were the days when every 
man stood on his own land and chopped down his own tree. 

Father was chairman of the Building Committee that erected the 
first church in that district, and was chairman of the committee on 
pulpit supply after the church was erected. He was justice of the 
peace, and a member of the legislature of the state. He aided in getting 


throuoh the legislature a bill to establish a state agricultural college. 
He was one of a committee to locate the college, and was its president 
and manager for a time. He helped to organize a county, and the 
State Agricultural Society, and at times was president of each. 

I am deeply impressed with the beautiful location and surroundings 
of this ancestral home. It ought to be, and 1 feel it is, full of historic 
and intimate interest to us all. Here many of our colonial ancestors 
lived and died; here they endured hardships and privations, strugghng 
onward and upward, ever striving toward their higher ideals. Trying 
to live a little better to-day than yesterday, laboring to bring up and to 
educate their children so that through the advantages of education they 
might with their lives exercise a great influence in the world for good. 
After all, it is the good and the pure in life that endures — the product 
of virtue, of industry, and of brain. It is very fitting that we should 
gather here and commemorate their past. 

I long had a great desire to visit the former home in England of John 
of Salisbury, and three years ago 1 had the pleasure of visiting Chip- 
penham, in the west of England, near Bristol, his former home. It is a 
city of about five thousand inhabitants, very quaint. I searched for 
Bayleys but could find no one of that name. A little more than a hun- 
dred years after John of Salisbury came away, there was a Bayley who 
represented Chippenham in Parliament, but I could find no record of 
any Bayleys there at a later date. Notwithstanding this, 1 was very 
much interested in the place. 

I have visited Venice, and St. Mark's, and walked over the Rialto. 1 
have ridden in the gondolas upon the streets of water; visited the 
beautiful churches, and e.xamined the Venetian art glass, art furniture, 
mosaic and tapestry pictures, and lace. In my school days 1 knew well 
the picture of the " Leaning Tower of Pisa." I never shall forget 
looking upon it. How much we have heard of Ancient Rome ! It was 
the time of my life to visit its old Coliseum, the Arch of 1 itus, St. Paul's 
Church, built near where St. Paul was beheaded, the ancient Catacombs 
which were the refuge of the faithful Christians of the first and second 
centuries, old St. Peter's with St. Peter's seated figure, the Vatican and 
the Pope. I have visited other cities that 1 read much about in my 
youth, those by the Spree, the Danube, Po, Elbe, Tiber, Seine, Thames. 


I have climbed Mt. Vesuvius, and have shivered in July on top of one 
of the Alps. 

But Chippenham had a peculiar charm tor me, a charm akin to my 
old home. It was the home of my ancestor, and so I photographed the 
place in my memory. I he main street was High Street. On it were 
plain and somber buildings, some a thousand years old. They were 
si.x hundred years old when John Bayly left the place. Up and down 
this old macadamized street I went inquiring about the Bayleys, and 
the same on the macadamized side streets which were originally laid out 
by the cows in their goings to and fro. These were a little wider now, 
but the two narrow boards for a sidewalk were only on one side. The 
small two-story frame, mostly white, houses and shoi)s were built up 
to the street line. The first floors were on a level with the street. The 
windows had small panes of glass. There were brass knockers on the 
doors. Some houses had two brass knockers, one marked to call the 
servant. Roofs were often moss-covered. People were standing at the 
doors so close as to almost make any one passing turn aside a little to get 
by. I wonder if John Bayly's home is still standing. The people 
looked at one another and shook their heads when I asked tor the in- 
formation. They could not give me the street and number or tell me 
anything about my ancestors. In vain I had the church records and the 
records of the city searched. Yet this must have been the home of John 
Bayly. The town was not so very large, his home could not have been 
so far away. In my mind 1 can see the Chippenham of to-day, and 
though I may go to the ends of the earth and slc the wonders of the 
world, yet there will aluays be a place in my memory for the old 
Chippenham in " Merry England." 

I live in Detroit, the metropolis of Michigan. It is a beautiful city, 
blessed with natural advantages far above most cities. The greatest 
body of fresh water in the world passes its doors. Monster vessels 
carrying commerce of untold wealth pass and repass. Beautiful 
pleasure craft dot its broad expanse. 

I extend to you, one and all, a most cordial invitation to visit me in 
Detroit. For you, the latchstring hangs upon the outside of my door. 
My family and I would be only too glad of the privilege and pleasure of 
entertaining you, and showing you some of the beauties of our city. 


I say again that 1 am glad 1 am h-erc to-day, — glad to mingle with 
you, glad to take you by the hand and feel the warm, inspiring touch of 
kin and close friendship, glad to look into your faces. 

I hope this occasion has done you as much good as 1 know it has 
-^ione me. I thank you; you have made it possible for me to forever 
cherish the memory of a very happy day. 

The president then addressed the Association, as follows: 


As we meet to-day the word comes to us that one of the great Presi- 
dents of the United States is dead — for Grover Cleveland was a great 
President; and now that he has gone we can all, regardless of party 
affiliations, join for a single moment in paying him a just tribute of 
praise. He was not perfect, but he was honest, and he had the courage 
of his convictions. 

The country mourns his loss and will not soon forget his public 

At each of our gatherings we like to bring to mind some member of 
the Bailey family who has made a name for himself in history. 

To-day I shall say a word about one of the very early Baileys, who, 
if he did not have a real existence, lives to-day, and will live hereafter as 
long as English literature and poetry find readers upon the earth. 

I refer to Harry Bailey, made immortal by the poet Chauctr in his 
" Canterbury Tales." 

Geoffrey Chaucer has been very generally designated the father of 
English poetry. He wrote his famous poem in 1388, when he was 
sixty-one years old. He died in 1400, and was buried in Westminster 

Harry Bailey was " mine host " of the Tabard Inn at Southwark, 
whence the pilgrims, according to the poet, started on their pilgrimage 
to Canterbury. The host makes himself the master of ceremonies and 
accompanies the pilgrims on their journey. 

It is at his suggestion that each one ttlls a story in verse or in prose as 
they wend their way south on their pious errand to the shrine of Thomas 
a Becket. 



The following is a description of Harry Bailey, as given by Chancer 
in the Prologue: 

" A semely man our hoste was with alle 
For to han been a marshal in an halle. 
A large man he was with eyen stepe, 
A fairer burgeis is ther non in Chepe: 
Bold of his speche, and wise and wel ytaught, 
And of manhood him lacked righte naught. 
Eke thereto was he right a mery man 
And after souper plaien he began. ..." 

If any of you wish to see Harry as he rode forth in the midst of the 
company clad in the costume of the period, you can gratify your curi- 
osity by paying a visit to the Public Library in Boston, where the whole 
procession is seen painted upon the walls of one of the rooms at the 
left of the entrance. 

But I must not keep you longer in the distant past. 

Since out last gathering, our former member, Alfred Bailey, has 
passed away. We miss his presence to-day. It was he who, at our 
gathering at Grovcland, told us about Bailey's Hill in Amesbury, and 
the old cellar hole showing the spot where " John Bayly of Salisbury " 
for a time had his home. 

At the close of these exercises we are to make a pilgrimage to this 
interesting spot, and by the aid of our imagination reproduce the scene 
as it was in 1640. 

We have with us, I am happy to say, a daughter of Alfred Bailey, and 
we shall be glad to hear what she may have to say to us. 

We have also with us a member who takes much interest in the 
affairs of the Association, Prof. Solon I. Bailey, of Cambridge, professor 
of astronomy in Harvard University. He has recently traced his 
descent to Richard Bailey, of Rowley. We are always interested in 
what he has to say. 

The president next called upon Prof. Solon I. Bailey, of Harvard 
University, who made an interesting address, in which he expressed the 
pleasure he derived from his attendance upon the gatherings of the 
Association. He spoke also of the assistance he had received in tracing 


his ancestry back to Richard of Rowley, and of the satisfaction which 
he felt in knowing something ahout his ancestors. 

The secretary then read several letters of regret from members who 
were unable to be present, expressing their interest in the work of the 
Association, and extending their greetings to those who were able to 
attend, and their best wishes for a pleasant and interesting meeting. 
Those sending such letters were Hon. J. Warren Bailey, of Somerville; 
George J. Bailey, Es(|., of Buffalo, N. Y.; E. H. Bailey, of Streator, 
111.; Ferdinand Bailey, of Readville; IVof. L. H. Bailey, of Ithaca, 
N. Y.; George T. Bailey, of Maiden; Mrs. Sarah J. Bailey, of North- 
boro; Harrison Bailey, Esq., of litchburg; Hon. Andrew J. Bailey, 
of Boston; Edward G. Bailey, of New York City; Amos Judson Bailey, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y.; Miss Mary A. Bailey, of Cheyenne, Wyo.; Mr. 
G. F. Newcombe, of New Haven, Conn.; and Hon. Horace VV. Bailey, 
of Newbury, Vt., United States marshal for the District of Vermont. 
The latter, in addition to his cordial letter of greeting from the Vermont 
Baileys, sent an interesting sketch of Ezekiel Bailey White and his 
wife, Laura Dustin, which he had recently written and published, which 
was in part as follows: 


The record of Ezekiel White and his wife, Laura Dustin, is both re- 
markable and interesting, and deserving, in the superlative degree, of a 
place in the annals of the liailey famdy. 

Ezekiel White was in the eighth generation from William White, who 
came from England to Ipswich, Mass., in 1635. 

In the fifth generation from William was Deacon Nicholas White, 
who had fifteen children, of whom four sons, Noah, Ebenezer, Joseph, 
and Dr. Samuel, came to Newbury, Vt., as did their sisters, the wife of 
Col. Jacob Kent, and Mrs. Benjamin Hale. F. P. Wells, Newbury's 
historian, says, " More people in Newbury are descended from William 
White than from any other immigrant." Of these sons Ebenezer came 
to Newbury in 1763, one of the very first settlers, representing the town 
in 1784, always prominent in the affairs of the new settlement, and did 
service in the Revolutionary War. His last years were spent in the home 


+ 5 

of his son Jesse, in Topsham, where he died July 4, 1807, and was buried 
in the Currier Hill graveyard. Jesse, ninth child and fifth son of 
Ebenezer, was born in Newbury, February 4, 1771, settled in Topsham 
on the farm afterwards owned by his son Amos. 

Jesse married, December 4, 1800, Lydia, daughter of Webster l^ailey, 
of Newbury. Lydia Bailey's first American ancestor was Richard 
Bailey, who came to Rowley, Mass., from England in 1638 or 1639. 
The generations of Ezekiel White on his mother's side in this country 
are, Richard (i), Joseph (2), Joseph, Jr. (3), Ezekiel (4), Webster (5), 
Lydia (6), Ezekiel White (7). 

Webster Bailey came to Newbury, Vt., from West Newbury, Mass., in 
1788 and settled on the river road about one and one-half miles south of 
Newbury Village, where James Johnson now lives. Webster Bailey 
established the first tannery and wholesale manufactory of boots and 
shoes in this section of the state, if not the first in Vermont. Lydia, the 
mother of Ezekiel, was the oldest of the eleven children of Webster 

The children of Jesse White and his wife Lydia Bailey were, Amos, 
Jesse, Ezekiel, and Phoebe. Ezekiel was born in Topsham, October i, 
1808; died in Topsham, July 31, 1899. Laura Dustin was born in 
Topsham, September 15, 1813; died at Ryegate, February 25, 1902. 
Ezekiel and Laura were married February 14, 1832, and a happy 
married life of sixty-seven years, five months, and fifteen days was 
terminated by Mr. White's death. 

The ancestry of Laura Dustin is part and parcel of colonial history. 
Laura was a daughter of John K. Dustin, and is in the sixth genera- 
tion from Hannah Dustin, famous in history as the Indian slayer. 
She was a sister of Daniel Dustin, a brigadier-general under Ben- 
jamin Harrison, who later as President appointed him United States 
sub-treasurer at Chicago, which position he held until his death a 
few years ago. Mrs. White was the last survivor in a family of thir- 
teen children. 

In an historical gazetteer of New Hampshire by Edwin A. Charlton, 
published in 1855, is found at page iii the following account (under 
the town of Boscawen) of the historically famous Hannah Dustin. 

" The island lying at the mouth of Contoocook River, within the 


limits of this town, named Dustin's Island, was the scene of the heroic 
deeds of Mrs. Hannah Dustin, which may appropriately be noticed 
here. Mrs. Dustin, her infant babe, only a week old, and her nurse 
were taken captive by the Indians at Haverhill, Mass., March 15, 1698. 
The mother, still confined in bed, was forced by the savages to rise and 
accompany them. The infant, showing signs of uneasiness, was 
dispatched by an Indian, who dashed its head against a tree, before the 
party had proceeded far from the place of capture. They conveyed the 
mother, feeble and exhausted, and the nurse, up the Merrimac, and 
halted at the island mentioned above. Here they rested for a while, 
intending soon to proceed on their way, a considerable distance farther 
up the river, to an Indian town, where the captives were informed that 
they would be compelled to run the gauntlet through the village. Aware 
of the cruelties that awaited her, Mrs. Dustin formed a determination to 
exterminate the whole party should an opportunity present itself. 
Her companions consisted of her nurse and an English boy who had 
been taken from Worcester. She prevailed upon them to assist her in 
this daring enterprise. The wished-for time was close at hand. The 
Indians, having refreshed themselves on this island, being still tired 
from the long and rapid march, and apprehensive of no danger, lay 
down and quickly sank into a profound sleep. Mrs. Dustin, viewing 
the circumstance as favorable to her deliverance, seized upon it at once. 
By the aid of the nurse and boy, with the deadly weapons of her brutal 
captors, she despatched ten of the number. Of the remaining two, a 
woman made her escape, and a boy they intentionally left. Taking the 
scalps of the slain, and one of their birch canoes, she returned down the 
river to Haverhill in safety, to the joy and astonishment of her friends." 

Hayward, in his Gazetteer of New Hampshire, says, " The General 
Court of Massachusetts made Hannah Dustin a grant of fifty pounds, 
and she received many other valuable presents." 

In 1845, Mr. White bought the Adam Dickey farm, which became 
the happy, hospitable home of a couple who did honor to the town of 
their nativity. We doubt if the rugged hills and pleasant dales of 
Topsham ever supported a home more renowned for its good cheer 
and unostentatious hospitality, or a man and woman more highly 
esteemed for their integrity, or better citizens at large, or more sincere 


Christians. They were the parents of nine children, having twenty- 
three grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren. Of these forty 
descendants, thirty-one are now living. Under a burden of disease and 
pain, the last years of Ezekiel White were remarkable for their strength 
of character and freedom from complaint. After Mr. White's death, 
Mrs. White made her home with her son Fred, at Ryegate, who with his 
most excellent wife made their good mother comfortable and happy. 
After only four days of sickness Mrs. White died at her son's home in 
Ryegate, February 25, 1902. 

The president then called upon Henry Baily, Esq., of Newton, who 
very pleasantly responded in an interesting address upon the Quaker 
branch of the family, as follows: 


The Quaker branch of the Bailey-Bayley family came to this country 
with William Penn's colonists and settled first on the banks of the 
Delaware in what is nov.' Philadelphia. Many of them afterwards 
moved inland a few miles and made their homes m the section which 
became in due time Chester County. In that beautiful upland country, 
watered by the historic Brandywine, their descendants still cultivate the 
soil and preserve in modified form the habits and customs of their 

Because there is thus a bond between the Bailey-Bayley Association 
and the people called Quakers, and also because this place in which we 
hold our reunion to-day is intimately bound up with the memory of 
John G. Whittier, the best-known of all American Quakers, some allu- 
sion to Quakers and their institutions seems a most apjiropriate part of 
the day's program. 

Quaker was originally a term of derision — misapplied, of course, like 
most terms of the kind. No true member of the Society of Friends, as 
they call themselves, was ever knuwn to (piake at anything. Peace is 
a cardinal principle of the Quakers, but not from any motives of fear. 
They believe in peace because to them it is sensible and right; war, 
foolish and wron". 


Quakerdom naturally centers in Philadelphia. There is a great deal 
that is bad in the City of Brotherly Love, but it is not the fault of the 
Quakers. So long as they governed Philadelphia it was a model town. 
Quakers are not politicians. It was when the latter superseded the 
former that the trouble began with Philadelphia. 

The work of the Quakers has been in the realm of education, thrift, 
and plam living. They have been consistent followers and apostles 
of the Simple Life from the beginning. Education has always had the 
most liberal support from them. Their leading college, Haverford, 
located just outside of Philadelphia, is an almost ideal institution for 
both students and teachers. It stands high up among the best of 
American small colleges. Swarthmore, in the same vicinity, also takes 
high rank. Bryn Mawr College for women, Cornell, and Johns Hop- 
kins, all owe their first foundations to Quakers. 

One of Haverford's graduates, a member of the class of 1885, is 
counted among the greatest scholars of the world. This is Prof. 
Theodore W. Richards, of the Chemistry Department at Harvard. A 
good authority recently stated that America had but three original 
scholars, one of them being Professor Richards. Additional evidence as 
to Professor Richards' ability is found in the fact that he is the only 
American scholar ever invited to occupy a permanent chair at a German 
university. The number of teachers, instructors, and professors, of 
lesser fame, sent out by Haverford to spread the gospel of education is 
a strong witness to the educational usefulness of that institution. 

It is somewhat paradoxical for a Quaker college to produce a man of 
mark, musically. The Quakers have never, until the present genera- 
tion, concerned themselves to any extent with music. None the less 
they have given the world one eminent singer. Mr. David Bispham, 
some years ago a favorite opera singer of Wagnerian roles, both in New 
York and London, and still popular on the concert stage, is a graduate 
of Haverford in the class of 1876. 

The Quakers have also proved the exception to the rule in the still 
more striking case of war. In spite of their opposition to mortal com- 
bat, they have produced two well-known American generals. One of 
these was the Revolutionary soldier. General Greene, a Rhode Island 
Quaker, who rose to the post of second in command to Washington. 



The other was a Confederate soldier, Lieut. -Gen. John C. Pemberton, 
a Philadelphia Quaker by descent, who defended Vicksburg and finally 
surrendered it to General Grant. There was apparently a good deal of 
substantial Quaker substance in the makeup of Abraham Lincoln, 
derived presumably from some early Quaker ancestors. Many inci- 
dents in the life of Lincoln show that " in spirit and in truth " he was 
more nearly an Orthodox Quaker than anything else. 

It may be well to say in passing that the word " orthodo.x " distin- 
guishes the out-and-out Quaker from the more liberally inclined 
Hicksite, or follower of Elias Hicks. The division was caused by the 
same difference in belief that separated the Unitarians from the 
Orthodox Congregationalists. 

Quakers have always been well-to-do. Wherever found, they stand 
at the front in prosperity. This is due to their thrift and absence of all 
luxury in their manner of life. Yet they never deny themselves the 
things that constitute real comfort. An absolutely poor or stingy 
Quaker is seldom seen. 

Devoted as the society has always been to high intellectual standards, 
it is not surprising that two of America's famous poets were Quakers. 
Whittier and Bayard Taylor have world-wide reputations. Taylor 
adds to his poet's laurels those of the traveler and the general literary 
man. Yet it is more in the making of useful men and women in every 
field of labor that the Quakers have done their best work. They have 
never aspired to the glory of producing what are called great men. 

Even in as brief a record as this, what the Society of Friends did to 
make this country a free country in every sense and to all races should 
not be forgotten. Their constant efforts in that direction at a timt 
when it required more than ordinary courage to hold anti-slavery views, 
and publish them too, stamps them, better than anything else could, as 
a brave people. 

In numerical strength the Quakers are doubtless decreasing. Their 
influence for good, on the other hand, is increasing. The world no 
longer taboos the subject of universal peace. It has become a universal 
topic of discussion in the councils of civilized nations. Universal edu- 
cation is rapidly nearing achievement. Simple speech is now taught as 
the only right use of speech. Honorable dealing with all men and all 


nations is the constant theme of great statesmen and wise lawgivers. 
Plain living is the rule prescribed by eloquent preachers and all sound 
teachers. The foundations laid by the Quakers are now being built 
upon by the most powerful organizations in the world. The Quakers 
may drop their distinctive dress and form of speech, adapt themselves 
to modern ways, change their outward form of worship to the Episcopal 
in the East and the Methodist in the West, enjoy in moderation present- 
day recreations, and make their general unlikeness to other people 
invisible at first glance, but it is none the less true that their hearts are 
still the Quaker heart and their understanding of things spiritual is still 
the Quaker understanding. 

It has been clearly demonstrated since this Association began holding 
reunions that the Bailey-Bayley branch of the human family has justi- 
fied its existence at all times by the varied and useful lives ot its mem- 
bers. If this brief chronicle of the 13-a-i-l-y Quaker end of the Asso- 
ciation has made the argument a little stronger and we are all satisfied 
that it is a good thing to have a tie that binds us to the ancient and 
honorable Society of Eriends, the addition of these rambling remarks to 
the program will not have been in vain. 


The president then called upon Hon. John Bailey, of Wells River, 
Vt., whose presence and remarks formed one of the memorable features 
of the gathering. As already stated, he was the oldest Bailey present, 
having been born on January 30, 1S22, and besides bearing the same 
name as the pioneer ancestor, the story of whose life and home formed 
the central theme of this gathering, was also a direct descendant in the 
seventh generation. He is the great-grandson of Gen. Jacob Bailey, 
the founder of the town of Newbury, Vt., where Mr. Bailey was born 
and has always lived, and where he has always been held in high esteem, 
having served the town in almost every elective office, having also held 
the important position of sheriff of his county for twenty-five years. In 
connection with Mr. Bailey's remarks, the secretary read from the 
June, 1907, number of The Ft'rmonter, a very interesting account of Mr. 
Bailey's successful experience in the capture of the Bane (Vt.) bank 

Hon. Juhn IJaii.kv, 
Ifeiis A'nrr, / V. 


robbers in 1875, while he was serving as sheriff. Mr. Bailey is a 
remarkably wcll-preserved man for his years and active life, and greatly 
enjoyed the gathering, to th.e success of which his presence contributed 
an important part. 

A unanimous vote of thanks to the Union Congregational Church 
and Society was passed, for its hospitality and courtesy, which con- 
tributed so much to the convenience and success of the gathering, and 
an appropriate resolution of sympathy was passed on account of the 
serious illness of Mrs. George F. Newcombe, of New Haven, Conn. 
Mrs. Newcombe is a descendant of" John Bayly of Salisbury," and has 
always taken a great interest in the work of the Association, having 
assisted greatly in an effort to connect the branches of the family in 
America with their ancestors in England. 

The afternoon closed with the duet composed by Prof. E. H. Bailey, 
entitled " Till We Meet Again," sung by Mrs. Eben H. Bailey and Mr. 
Wetmore; and to a most hearty encore they responded with Hildach's 
" Earevvell to the Swallows." 

The funeral services of ex-President Cleveland occurred during the 
afternoon, and in connection with the remarks of the presiding of^cer, 
and at his suggestion, the entire audience stood silently for a tew mo- 
ments, in respect to Mr. Cleveland's memory. 

At the close of the meeting, with Mrs. Milton Ellsworth, of Rowley, 
and Mrs. Moses E. Davis, of Pleasant Valley, as guides, many of the 
members visited the site of John Bayly's homestead on Bayly's Hill, 
and also the ancient burying ground called " Golgotha," both of which 
are located nearby our place of meeting. On Bayly's Hill, the depres- 
sion believed to be the cellar of John Bayly's house is plainly visible, and 
in the burying ground is a memorial bowlder to the eighteen settlers 
of the town of Amesbury, bearing a tablet upon v.hich their names, 
including that of John Bayly, appear. The visit to these points of 
historical interest added very much to the enjoyment of the gathering. 

This closed the twelfth gathering of the Association, which will be 
long remembered by those present as one of the most pleasant and 
instructive meetings of the Association. 





BaiIey=Bayley Family 







AUGUST 19, 1911 







Introductory and business meeting .... 7 

Report of the Secretary ...... 8 

Report of the Treasurer . . . . . . 10 

Report of Nominating Committee and election of officers 10 
Commemorative address l)y Edwin A. Bayley, Esq., en- 
titled : " A History of the Life and Times of Brigadier 

General Jacob Bayley" . . . . . . 12 

Vote of thanks to Edwin A. Bayley, Esq. . . . 51 

Visit to site of General Bayley's birthplace ... 52 
Address by Hon. Horace W. Bailey, President-Elect . 52 
Address prepared by Mr. Frederic P. Wells and pre- 
sented by John W. Bailey, Esq., entitled : " A General 
Estimate of the Services of General Jacob Bayley dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War "•••.. 55 
Vote of thanks to Mr. Frederic P. Wells ... 59 
Memoir of James Dyas Bailey by Mr. Walter E. Robie 59 
Copy of commission of Lieutenant-Colonel John Bailey, 
dated May 15, 1S14, shown by Mr. Alfred Haynes of 
Lowell, and reference to genealogy of Haynes family 61 
Address of Rev, George A. Smith, Secretary of the Society 

of Colonial Families ....... 62 

Letters from absent members read by Hollis R. Bailey, 

Esq 63 

Remarks by Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth .... 63 

Remarks by John VV. Bailey, Esq. .... 63 

Remarks by Dr. Stephen G. Bailey .... 64 

Memoir of Henry Bradley Bailey, by Mr. John Alfred 

Bailey ......... 64 

Memoir of Rebecca Miriam Morse Plummer Page, by 

Mr. John Alfred Bailey 65 

Remarks by Rev. Alvin F. Bailey .... 66 

Vote of thanks to board of selectmen of West Newbury . 66 

Ode composed by Mrs. Hollis R. Bailey ... 66 

Memoir of William Wallace Bailey .... 67 




Hon. Horace W. Bailey, President-Elect . Frontispiece 

Edwin A. Bayley, Esq., Secretary . , . . 12 

The General Jacob Bayley Elm . . . . . 14 

Plan of the original site of Dartmouth College, showing 

also ''The Great Ox-Bow," in 1769 .... 26 

Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., Treasurer .... 62 




Bailey-Bayley Family 




The committee having the meeting in charge were Hon. 
Charles O. Bailey of Byfield, Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., of Cam- 
bridge, Prof. Eben H. Bailey of Boston, Mrs. Jennie B. Trull 
of Lowell, Mr. John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, Mr. Milton Ells- 
worth of Rowley, and Edwin A. Bayley, Esq., of Lexington. 

They evidently had found favor with the weather bureau, for 
the day was all that could be desired and should have called out 
a larger attendance even than was present. 

Following the plan of the last meeting, at which the life of 
'* John Bayly of Salisbury," the pioneer ancestor of one branch 
of our family in this country, was the leading feature, the com- 
mittee thought best to make this meeting particularly commemo- 
rative of the life and public services of Brigadier General Jacob 
Bayley, who was perhaps the most distinguished representative 
of his name or blood in this country. 

West Newbury was naturally selected as the place of holding 
this meeting, because it was the birthplace and boyhood home 
of General Bayley. 


The meeting was appointed for 10.45 a.m., but in consequence 
of unavoidable delays, it was nearly an hour later when the 
Secretary called the meeting to order. The time, however, was 
pleasantly spent socially. 


Among those present was Rev. Dr. Rufus Emery of New- 
buryport, eighty-four years old, a " distant cousin" of ours by 
the way of Eleanor Emery, who married John Bayley, Jr., some 
time during the first half of the seventeenth century. Dr. Emery 
has done much valuable work in connection with the genealogy 
of his family. He was informally introduced to those present, 
and spoke of his interest in and connection with the genealogy 
of our family, particularly that of General Bayley, upon whose 
life he had some years ago prepared and delivered an interesting 
address. All regretted that Dr. Emery's health did not permit 
him to remain and take further part in the meeting. 

We were disappointed that our President, Hon. Charles O. 
Bailey, was unable to be present, and in consequence of his ab- 
sence, Mr. John Alfred Bailey of Lowell, senior Vice-President, 
was called upon to preside. Upon taking the chair, Mr. Bailey, 
in his usual happy way, extended a cordial greeting to all pres- 
ent. He then called upon Rev. Alvin F. Bailey of Barre to 
offer prayer, after which a musical selection was rendered by 
Prof, and Mrs. Eben H. Bailey. 

The Secretary then made his report as follows : 


Your Secretary would briefly call the attention of the Asso- 
ciation to several matters which should be of interest to all. 

1st. There have been two hundred and ninety-seven certifi- 
cates of membership issued, twenty of these since our last meet- 
ing three years ago. While the nominal membership is, there- 
fore, two hundred and ninety-seven, our actual live membership 
is considerably less, due to deaths and lack of active interest. It 
is a pleasure for your officers to devote the necessary time to the 
affairs of the Association when they feel that they have the active 
interest and support of each member, and it is very desirable 
that this fact be kept in mind. 

2d. We need new members ; each of us meet many of our 
name or blood who have never joined the Association. They 


could bring in new life and interest, and I am sure would find 
the work of the Association both interesting and helpful. Let 
each member make an earnest effort to interest some who are 
not now members of our Association. 

3d. While the edition of our family history is entirely ex- 
hausted, there still remain quite a number of reports of the 
gatherings of the Association which contain much valuable and 
interesting historical matter. These reports should be placed 
where they will be doing some good. There are sufficient 
copies for twenty full sets, covering our thirteen meetings from 
1S93 to 191 1, both inclusive. They can be furnished in bound 
sets at a price not exceeding five dollars per set, and the Secre- 
tary will be glad to furnish such sets, as long as they last, in the 
order in which applications are received. 

4th. Some members of the Association have suggested that 
annual gatherings would tend to arouse an increased interest 
and attendance ; others feel that a meeting each year is too often. 
The Secretary would be glad to hear from members, either per- 
sonally or by letter, as to how they feel with reference to this 
matter, for the life and usefulness of the Association must de- 
pend not upon the efforts of a very few, but upon the interest 
and support of the membership as a whole. 

We all miss from our gathering today the presence of Mrs. 
Gertrude T. Bailey, one of our most interested and valued mem- 
bers, who is still confined to her home by ill-health. I am sure 
all present extend to her our sincere sympathy and most earnest 
and cordial wishes for her early and complete recovery. 

Since our last meeting death has removed several of our faith- 
ful members, among whom are Mr. William Wallace Bailey of 
Brooklyn, N.Y., Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Bailey of Lowell, Mr. 
Thomas Bailey of Camp Point, 111., Mrs. Dudley P. Bailey of 
Everett, and Mr. and Mrs. George T. Bailey of Maiden, 

The report of the Secretary was duly accepteil and placed on 

On motion, it was voted that the President appoint a commit- 


tee of three to nominate officers for the ensuing term, and he 
appointed Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., Dr. Stephen G. Bailey, and 
Mrs. jMilton Ellsworth as such committee. 

After another musical selection by Prof, and Mrs. Eben II. 
Bailey, the Treasurer presented the following rep<;rt : 


August i8, 191 i. 
Hollis R. Bailey, Treasurer 

in account with Bailey-Bayley Family Assn. Dr. 

To Cash reed, as follows : 

July 13, From James R. Bailey, former Treas. $84.17 

Aug. 18, From Dues and Sale of Reports, &c. 197-95 


1911 Cr. 

Aug. 18, By Cash paid out for postage, printing 

stamped envelopes, &c., $138,02 

Bal. on hand 

• $282.12 

Audited August 18, 1911, by Walter E. Robie. 

The report of the Treasurer was duly accepted and placed on 

Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., in behalf of the committee appointed 
for the nomination of officers, made the following report : 

Hon. Horace W. Bailey, Newbury, Vt. 


Volney P. Bayley, J- Warren Bailey, 

Detroit, Mich. Somerville, Mass. 


Prof. Solon I. Bailey, George Edson Bailey, 
Cambridge, Mass. Mansfield, Mass. 

Hon. Charles O. Bailey, James R. Bailey, 

Byfield, Mass. Lawrence,' Mass. 

Edward P. Bailey, Charles H. Bayley, 
Chicago, 111. Boston, Mass. 

Executive Committee. 
With the foregoing officers, 
Prof. Eben H. Bailey, John Alfred Bailey, 

Boston, Mass. Lowell, Mass. 

Mrs. Jennie B. Trull, Mrs. William Gerry Slade, 

Lowell, Mass. New York City. 

John W. Bailey, 
Topsfield, Mass. 

Edwin A. Bayley, 30 Court street, Boston. 

Hollis R. Bailey, 19 Congress street, Boston. 

Walter E. Robie, Waltham, Mass. 

Committee on Genealogy. 
Hollis R. Bailey, Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth, 

Cambridge, Mass. Rowley, Mass. 

Mrs. Gertrude T. Bailey, Edwin A. Bayley, 

Tewksbury, Mass. Lexington, Mass. 

On motion, it was voted that the report of the nominating 
committee be accepted, and that the nominees be elected. 

The following commemorative address on the life and public 
services of Brigadier General Jacob Bayley was then given : 



Prepared and presented by Edwin A. Bayley, Esq., 
OF Lexington, Mass., a descendant i-hom him in the 

FIFTH generation. 

Mr. Chairman, Kinsmen, and Friends: — 

Once again at the invitation of our Association we gather 
together on the banks of the Merrimac, in the midst of a local- 
ity rich in historic associations with various branches of our 
family. Our meeting today is in particular commemoration of 
the life of a most worthy ancestor, one who, judged by the ser- 
vices he rendered to his town, his state, and his country, earned 
a distinction which still remains unequaled by any of his name 
or blood, and we surely do well to carefully gather, and thought- 
fully consider, the story of his life. 

For many years it has been one of my strongest desires that 
the history of the life of General Jacob Bayley should be writ- 
ten out as it deserves to be and preserved in a connected and 
permanent form, and if what I have prepared for this meeting 
shall serfe as some assistance to that end, I shall feel amply 
repaid, for I am convinced that few have deserved more and re- 
ceived less from their posterity than he in honor of whose mem- 
ory we gather today. 

In preparing this address I have confined myself to well au- 
thenticated facts collected from the most reliable sources of the 
history of his times, which clearly show him to have been not 
only the leading man of his own locality, but one of the most 
prominent citizens of the whole state. 

General Bayley was born in that part of Newbury now West 
Newbury, Mass., on the 19th day of July, 1726. The house in 
which he was born stood on or near what was then known as 
the " Training Fields," and its exact site is definitely shown by 
the walls of its cellar and the foundation of its huge chimney, 
which are still in good condition. Through the public spirit of 

EinviN A. 1^\VI.K^, lvs(^ , <>i;to.\, Mass. 

l'i{i.:sinR\i' oi- TiiK AssociAMoN, i9()0-i(/)J. 

SECHiriAKV ()!■ riiic Association sinck 1907. 


the citizens of the town, an appropriate tablet marks its location 
on the easterly side of the road known as " Bailey's Lane," which 
runs northerly from the highway directly opposite the town hall 
in which we are now assembled. He was a descendant in the 
fifth generation from John Bayly, Sr., who emigrated from 
Chippenham, Eng., in 1635, and settled in Salisbury, Mass., 
an outline of whose life appears in the report of the twelfth 
gathering of our Association, held in June, 190S. (John, Sr. 
(i), John, Jr. (2), Isaac (3), Joshua (4), General Jacob (5).) 

General Bayley was the eighth child of the family of nine 
children of Joshua and Sarah (Cofhn) Bayley; the latter was a 
daughter of Stephen and Sarah (Atkinson) Coffin, families of 
high standing and influence in their communities. Several of 
Joshua Bayley's children besides General Jacob attained posi- 
tions of unusual prominence, influence, and usefulness. Two 
of his sons, Abner and Enoch, graduated from Harvard College 
and both became ministers. Abner was ordained at Salem, 
N.H., where during his pastorate, covering the unusually long 
period of flfty-eight years, he exerted a far-reaching influence 
throughout that portion of New England. Enoch, after preach- 
ing for some time, entered the army during the French and 
Indian War,* as chaplain, and died at Albany, N.Y., while 
occupying that position. Two of his daughters, Judith and 
Abigail, married, respectively. Deacon Stephen Little of New- 
buryport, and Colonel Moses Little of West Newbury, who 
were brothers, and members of a prominent and influential 

Joshua Bayley appears to have been an extensive and well-to- 
do farmer, owning lands not only in the town of Newbury, but 
in the adjoining towns of Chester and Hampstead, N.H., and 
here in Newbury, which then included both W^est Newbury 
and Newburyport, General Bayley's youth was spent, and here 
his deeply religious and strongly patriotic character was formed. 
He was energetic, self-reliant, and public-spirited, and early 
assumed the duties and responsibilities of life. In the year 1744, 
when but eighteen years of age, he united with the Second 


Church of Newbury, Mass., which later became the First 
Church of West Newbury. In October, 1745, shortly after 
his nineteenth birthday, he married Prudence Noyes, daugh- 
ter of Ephraim and Prudence (Stickney) Noyes. Within tiie 
next year or two this young couple moved to that part of the 
adjoining town of Haverhill, then known as " Timberlane," 
which was subsequently, in 1749, organized into the town of 
Hampstead, N.H. ; where they made their home for the next 
seventeen or eighteen years, and where seven of their ten children 
were born. 

The records of the town of Hampstead show that General 
Bayley soon won the confidence and respect of his fellow- 
townsmen, and early took a prominent and responsible position 
in town affairs. At the first meeting after the organization of 
the town, in 1749, he was elected a member of the board of 
selectmen, being then only twenty-three years of age, and sub- 
sequently he was three times re-elected to that position. Mis 
interest in the cause of religion was one of his strong and dis- 
tinguishing characteristics, and it appears from the church rec- 
ords of the town of Hampstead, that in March, 1746, while he 
was still only nineteen years of age, he owned a pew in the 
meeting house (which was then probably only partly completed ), 
its prominent location being thus quaintly described, as '' next 
to Lieutenant James Graves* at the left-hand of the alley in the 
iner tear," and the records also show that in the year 1752 he 
became the owner of two more pews in the church. 

His settlement in Hampstead was doubtless primarily due to 
the fact that his father had given him some lands there, as ap- 
pears from the will of the latter, which bears the date of June 
li J 757- The first eight or nine years of his life at Hampstead 
covered a period of quiet development and strengthening of 
character, during which he grew steadily in the confidence and 
esteem of his fellow-citizens, and soon became one of the lead- 
ing men of the town, and one of its largest land owners. 
His extensive farm of several hundred acres was situated in the 
southeasterly part of the town, about half way between Ayer's 

Gknkkm- I acoh P.avi.kv Ki.m 
IN 11 AMTSI i:ai), N.ll. 


Corner and Garland's Corner, on the southerly side of the road 
which now leads from Westville to Hampstead Center. All the 
buildings have long since gone, and his lands now form parts of 
several smaller farms; one landmark, however, still remains, a 
mammoth elm at the roadside next his farm (opposite the 
Hutchens' house, later the house of Edward F, Noyes) said to 
have been planted by him and now long known as the " General 
Bayley Elm," stands as a silent, living witness of his connection 
with that locality. 

In the year 1755 General Bayley entered the service of the 
English Army in the French and Indian War,» which marks a 
very important turning point in his life, as it was the beginning 
of his distinguished military career. 

To properly determine the motives and estimate the services 
of any public man, it is imperative to understand the history of 
the times in which he lived, and the relation in which he stood 
to the important events. Let us, therefore, pause for a few 
moments to get a proper understanding of the historical situa- 
tion of that period. The history of our country prior to the 
permanent establishment of our independence, may be divided 
into three epochs or periods — the first was one of exploration 
and settleme.nt, extending from the time of its discovery down to 
the year 16S9, which practically marks the ending of the found- 
ing of colonies in America by European powers; the second 
epoch was one of struggle for the mastery of North America 
between England and France, the principal colonizing powers of 
Europe; it covered the period from 1689 to 1763, when, by the 
Treaty of Paris, at the close of the French and Indian War, the 
supremacy of England was finally established ; during this period 
the history of Europe presents an almost unbroken story of jeal- 
ousies, animosities, and warfare, which, as might naturally be 
expected, were reflected in conflicts between their respective 
colonies in North America ; the third, epoch covered the suc- 
cessful struggle of the American colonies for their own inde- 
pendence, extending from 1763 to 1783. It thus appears that 
the last half of the eighteenth century was an epoch-making 


period on this continent, witnessing not only the final establish- 
ment of the supremacy of England over France, but also of the 
independence of the American colonies. 

General Bayley's active life covered the concluding and most 
important part of the second period and extended through the 
whole of the third period. Those were indeed troublous times, 
when the military spirit and training were not only popular, 
but were of the greatest importance for the protection of the 
inhabitants of the rapidly growing communities. 

The English or American colonies were confined to the terri- 
tory along the Atlantic seaboard, east of the Alleghany Moun- 
tains, and south of the St. Lawrence River, while the French, by 
exploration and settlement, held the valleys of the St. Lawrence 
and the Mississippi Rivers, and, in general, the territory north 
of the Great Lakes and west of the Alleghanies. The encroach- 
ment of each of these great contending powers upon the terri- 
tory claimed by the other, precipitated active warfare at the 
points of communication or natural gateways between their 
respective territories. There were three principal gateways ; 
namely, one through Pennsylvania to the Valley of the Ohio, 
passing the point at the junction of the Allegheny and Monon- 
gahela Rivers, which was early fortified by the French and 
named Fort Duquesne, and subsequently became the site of the 
city of Pittsburg ; the second gateway was westward through 
New York up the valley of the Mohawk River through Fort 
Oswego to Fort Niagara, which was also fortified by the French ; 
and the third gateway was northward along Lakes George and 
Champlain to Montreal and Qiiebec ; this too was strongly forti- 
fied by the French at Fort Ticonderoga ; and it is with this last 
gateway that we are particularly interested for the purposes of 
this history. 

It should also be mentioned that one of the powerful factors 
affecting the situation was the assistance of the Indian tribes or 
nations dwelling along the northern frontier. At first the 
Indians seem to have favored the English, but the early suc- 
cesses of the French finally won their support, and the barba- 


rous methods of these savages added greatly to the horrors of the 
following warfare, making it in very fact a French a7id Indian 
War against the American Colonies. 

This will serve as a general outline of the situation, when in 
the year 1755 the English planned several aggressive campaigns, 
including one against Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point. It is 
interesting to know that this crisis found General Bayley not 
only ready, but eager to answer to the call of his country. He 
promptly volunteered his services to the New Hampshire militia, 
and was appointed a Lieutenant in General Olco^t's Company, 
in the regiment of Col. Peter Gilman, which was raised in 
September, 1755; this regiment marched westward through 
Charlestown, N.H., then known as "No. 4," over the Green 
Mountains to Albany, N.Y., where it arrived after the French 
had been defeated by the English forces on the shores of Lake 
George ; and the campaign of that year ended without further 
service for Colonel Gilman's regiment. 

During the following year, 1756, there was no active cam- 
paign in the Champlain Valley, and General Bayley appears to 
have remained in Hampstead, where he again served as a mem- 
ber of the board of selectmen. 

The year 1757 witnessed an active campaign in the vicinity of 
Lake George. General Bayley raised a company, of which he 
was made Captain, and which formed the second company 
in the regiment of Col. Nathaniel Meserve, of which John 
Goffe was Lieutenant-Colonel. This regiment proceeded to 
Albany, N.Y., where it was divided, and a part under Colonel 
Meserve was sent east to Halifax, and the remainder, under 
Lieutenant-Colonel Goffe, which included General Bayley's 
company, was ordered to Fort William Henry on the shores of 
Lake George, where the English forces were in command of 
Colonel Munroe. Early in August a strong force of French 
and Lidians, under command of General Montcalm, attacked 
the fort ; the bombarding lasted for several days ; the English 
forces put up a stubborn defense, until their ammunition became 
exhausted, and then honorable terms of surrender were agreed 


to by the French, who promised the garrison a safe escort to 
Fort Edward, twelve miles distant on the Hudson River. This 
promise, however, was not kept, for General Montcalm appears 
to have been unable to control his Indian allies, who ruthlessly 
and savagely attacked the English forces as they left the fort, 
and massacred many of them. The New Ilampsliire troops 
were the last to leave the fort and consequently suffered most ; 
General Bayley was among them, and after a very narrow escape 
he reached Fort Edward. 

I have been unable to ascertain what General Bayley's move- 
ments were during the year 1758, but as'there was an active 
campaign against Ticonderoga, it is more than probable that he 
was either there with the army, or engaged elsewhere in the 
enlistment of troops. 

The campaign of the following year, 1759, was a very active 
and important one, as the English were everywhere victorious 
and their ultimate success became assured. In May of that 
year General Bayley, with a company of militia of which 
he was Captain, joined tlie regiment of Col. Zacciieus Lovell, 
which was mustered in at Springfield, Mass., and proceeded 
to Lake George, where it formed a part of the main army 
under tjeneral Amherst, which made a successful attack upon 
Fort Ticonderoga, and forced the French to retreat, first to 
Crown Point, and then down Lake Champlain to Canada. 
As the retreat of the French ended the fighting in that vicinity, 
a part of the army, including General Bayley's company, was 
ordered to Fort Niagara, which had also been captured by the 
Colonial forces. The course of this march, as appears from 
the somewhat fragmentary journal kept by General Bayley, 
was through Fort Edward, Saratoga, and Schenectady, then 
up the Valley of the Mohawk, through Oneida, and down 
the Oswego River to Oswego, where, after waiting several 
weeks, they were ordered to return to Albany; this changft 
of plan was doubtless due to the belief that the close of the 
war was near at hand, in consequence of the brilliant vij^ory 
of General Wdlfe over General Montcalm on the famous "Plains 


of Abraham," which was followed immediately by the capture 
of Qiiebec. 

Tlie campaign of the following year, 1760, was directed 
against Montreal, which still remained in the control of the 
French, and in May of that year, General Bayley received or- 
ders from Colonel Goffe directing him to proceed at once with 
the officers and men under his command to Charlestown, No. 4, 
where he doubtless met Colonel Goffe's regiment, and with it 
proceeded over the Green Mountains, through Rutland, to Lake 
Champlain, and joined the main army at Crown Point. 

From Crown Point General Bayley proceeded with the Eng- 
lish forces down Lake Champlain and the Sorel River to Mon- 
treal. During this campaign there were numerous encounters 
with the retreating French forces, but there was no very seri- 
ous fighting, and after a short siege Montreal surrendered, 
and the fall of Canada was complete. This terminated the 
campaign, and most of the New England forces returned to 
Crown Point, and although peace was not formally declared 
until nearly three years later, there were no further important 

It was during this year that General Bayley was commissioned 
Lieutenant-Colonel in Goffe's regiment, and when the latter was 
promoted, he succeeded him as Colonel. 

From well-authenticated sources, it appears that General Bay- 
ley and several of his olhcers, including Capt. John Hazen (as 
their services were not required), did not return from Montreal 
to Crown Point with the main part of the army, but took a 
shorter course to their homes, across the country, down through 
the Connecticut Valley. On this trip he and his associates 
passed through the broad meadow lands, known as " Lower 
Coos," bordering upon the River, where Newbury, Vt., and 
Havt-rhill, N.H., are now situated. The natural beauty of the 
locality and the richness of the soil strongly impressed them, 
and doubtless then and there Bayley and Hazen formed the pur- 
pose of acquiring grants of that particular land from the Colo- 
nial Government, and as the war was substantially over, we 


may believe that they immediately set about carrying their pur- 
pose into effect. 

General Ba}ley appears to haw spent the greater part of the 
next two years (1761 and 1762) at his home in llampstead, 
where he again took an active part in town affairs, serving as 
chairman of the board of selectmen during both years. lie was 
also chosen a memlier of the committee ap[)ointed to apportion 
the amount of money necessary to settle an important land dis- 
pute with the neighboring town of Kingston. Captain llazeii, 
however, seems to have continued his service in General Goffc's 
regiment and was stationed at Crown Pcjint; both, however, 
were doubtless busily engaged planning /or the settlement of 
the new territory, and meanwhile probably visited it several 

In the year 1762 Benning W'entworth, the Provincial Gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire, desired a new survey to be made of 
the Connecticut Valley for a distance of about ninety miles 
north of Charlestown, No. 4, in which he had begun to grant 
charters of land, and General Bayley, with the King's surveyor, 
was assigned to make this survey. During this year General 
Bayley appears to have spent some time with the army at Crown 
Point, foi- on September 30, 1762, he wrote from there to his 
brother-in-law, Moses Little, asking him to purchase a stock of 
oxen, cows, and young cattle for him and to have them driven 
to Coos, where he already had a winter's su])ply of hay cut for 
them. In this letter General Bayle>^ writes, " I have forty 
families now ready to move on the town. I presume to go up 
myself in the spring if I am well." The locality selected by 
General Bayley for his township included the rich meadow lands 
known as the " Great Ox-Bow," which were considered the 
choicest in the whole Valley of the Connecticut. Others were 
making strong efforts to secure them, but both Bayley and 
Hazen stood high in the estimation of the Colonial Government, 
in consequence of their long service in the war, and they were 
also greatly aided in their efforts by their iniluential friends in 
eastern Massachusetts. Matters proceeded very favorably, and 


on the 1 8th day of May, 1763, Governor Wcntwortli signed tlie 
mucli desired charter coverinj^ a tract of huid six miles scjnare 
on the west side of the Connecticut River. General Baylev, as 
was to l)e expected, headed the list of proprietors or ji;raiitees, 
and to the lands covered hy this charter he gave the name of 
" Nevvhury," in honor of the town of his birth in ^hlssachusetls. 
Already settlers in his behalf iiad taken possession of the lantls, 
but as none of the grantees or proprietors themselves had then re- 
moved to Newbury, their first meeting was held, as provided by 
the terms of the charter, in Plaistow, N.Il., 011 Jiuie i.|, 1763. 
This place of meeting was chosen, no doubt, on account of its 
convenience for those most interested, and several other meetings 
of the proprietors for the organization of the town were held 
during the next few months at Plaistow, or in its immediate 
vicinity. The last one occurred on March i, 1764, and, as the 
record shows, was adjourned "to Col. Jacob Bayley's att New- 
bury, Coos, on the fifteenth of October next." It ajjpears, how- 
ever, that circumstances required an earlier meeting, for the 
first town meeting in Newlniry was held on June 12, 1764, in 
the house of General Bayley. At this meeting he was chosen 
first selectman and was doubtless present, although his family 
did not arrive until October of that year. His extensive farm 
included the larger part of what has ever since been known as 
the " Great Ox-Bow," * so named from the shape of the broad, 
sweeping bend made by the Connecticut Hiver at that point. 
His house stood on the east side of the ni;ftn road overlooking 
the expansive meadows, its site being now occupied by the sub- 
stantial brick residence of Richard Doe. 

In September, 1764, General Bayley, with others, organized 
the first church in the town, and for some time the regular church 
services were held in his house, until a little log meeting house 
was built just south of it at the foot of the hill. He wms elected 
one of its first two deacons, and continued to hold that office 
during the remainder of his long life. Rev. Grant Powers, in his 
interesting "History of Coos," comprehensively and somewhat 

* See plan opposite page 26. 


quaintly describes General Bayley's coming and the important 
part which he took in the early history of the locality in the 
following language : " He had been the principal mover in 
every proceeding and now he had come to bless himself and to 
save much people alive in the apjiroaching struggle between 
Great Britain and her colonics." 

We have now followed General Bayley to his removal to his 
new home "in Coos, where he became a pioneer on the frontier 
of the northern wilderness of New England, in the settlement, 
protection,! and development of which he was destined to play 
a very important and conspicuous part ; and as his enlistment 
in the English army in 1755 marked the beginning of an impor- 
tant epoch in his life, so his removal to ^ewbury in the Valley 
of the Connecticut marked the beginning of another and far 
more important period. And here, again, we must pause in 
the course of our narrative to consider the political situation of 
the times and his relation to it, in order that we may properly 
judge his motives and understand his actions. 

The land covered by the charter to General Bayley was situ- 
ated in what is known in history as the " New Hampshire 
Grants." The territory included in the Grants extended from 
the ncH'thern boundary of Massachusetts on the south to Canada 
on the north, and was bounded on the east by Mason's Grant, 
so called, running north and south through New Hampshire, 
about twenty miles east of the Connecticut River, and on the 
west by a line extending from the northwestern corner of Massa- 
chusetts to Lake Champlain and thence northward along the 
Lake. The Province of New ILampshire claimed that its sov- 
ereignty extended over the whole of this territory. New York 
also claimed a substantial portion of it, and when in the year 
1749, Governor Wentworth, in pursuance of the claim of New 
Hampshire, granted the charter of a township, adjoining the 
New York boundary line, which later became Bennington, Vt,, 
the Province of New York immediately disputed New Hamp- 
shire's claim, and a bitter controversy was precipitated, which 
lasted for more than forty years, until Vermont was finally 


admitted into the Union as an independent state in 1791. At 
times tliis controversy almost reached a state of civil warfare, 
and its effect upon the inhabitants equaled, if not exceeded, 
that of the Revolutionary War, which was begun and fought 
through well within the period ; and as General Bayley was 
an active and important factor in this controversy, we must 
briefly review its course. 

From the initial grant in 1749, above mentioned, down to the 
year 1764, the controversy was confined mainly to diplomatic 
correspondence between the Governors of the two Provinces. 
Meanwhile, however, Governor Wentvvorth had industriously 
continued to grant charters of townships within the disputed 
territory, against the bitter and stubborn opposition of the Prov- 
ince of New York. Despairing of reaching any amicable settle- 
ment, and thoroughly aroused at what they regarded as the alarm- 
ing and unjust encroachment of the Province of New Hampshire, 
the authorities of New York quietly and shrewdly presented 
their claims to the King and asked for a declaration by him of 
the disputed boundary line. As a result, upon June 20, 1764, 
the King, by proclamation, duly declared " the Western banks of 
the Connecticut River to be the boundary line between the said 
two provinces." Instead of settling the rising controversy, the 
Royal decree served rather to increase and intensify it, for New 
York, relying upon the language of the King's proclamation, 
claimed that all the charters granted by the Governor of New 
Hampshire in the territory west of the Connecticut River were 
originally issued without right, and were, therefore, void and of 
no effect whatever. New York then proceeded to issue charters 
of its own covering the territory already granted by the Province 
of New Hampshire, and authorized proceedings to dispossess 
settlers holding under the New Hampshire charters ; thus " The 
War of the New Plampshire Grants" began. Naturally, from 
their location, the settlers of the southwestern part of the Grants 
in the vicinity of Bennington suffered first and most seriously 
from the arbitrary authority of New York thus adversely ex- 
erecised against them, and, as a result, many of the settlers 


associated themselves together to resist the officers in currying 
into effect the decree of the New York courts ejecting them from 
their homes. From these associations of resisting settlers came 
the famous " Green Mountain Boys," who rendered such effec- 
tive service during the Wav of the Revolution. The effect of the 
Royal proclamation, and the action of the New York govern- 
ment seriously disturbed the settlers throughout the whole of the 
territory in dispute, separating them into parlies or factions, ac- 
cording to what they believed should be done in urder to relieve 
the unfortunate and complicated situation. There was the so- 
called "Bennington Party," composed largely of settlers in the 
western part of the Grants, who were inHuenced ciiietly by hos- 
tility towards New York and the desire to establish an independ- 
ent state comprising the land west of the Connecticut River on 
either side of the Green Mountains to the Cistern boundary of 
New York, with the seat of government or control, west of 
the Green Mountains. Among the leaders of this faction were 
Thomas Chittenden, who later became the first governor of Ver- 
mont, and the three Allen brothers, Ethan, Ira, and lleman. 
They were practical politicians, able, bold, resourceful, and in- 
triguing. Another faction was known as the '• New Hampshire 
Party," and comprised those settlers residing east of the Green 
Mountains, who, in consequence of their scattered and unpro- 
tected situation, were opposed to establishing an independent 
state, favored annexation with New Hampshire, and advocated 
that the Green Mountains, rather than the Connecticut River, 
was the more natural division of the Grants. Of this faction, 
General Bayley was the acknowledged leader. Their patriotism 
and loyalty were never questioned, and their service along the 
northern frontier, in protecting southern New England, has never 
been fully recognized, perhaps because their desire for annexation 
failed to be realized. There was a third faction, knuwn as the 
"College Party," which for a few years was a powerful factor, 
first against the Provincial Government of New Hampshire, and 
later against the Bennington Party. The purpose of the College 
Party was to organize the territory between the Green M(nmtains 


on the west, and Mason's Grant on the east, into an independent 
state, with the seat of government at or near Hanover in the 
Valley of the Connecticut. The party derived its name from 
the fact that its leaders were officers in or closely associated 
with Dartmouth College. They may well he descrihed as " in- 
tellectual statesmen," aggressive and well educated, but un- 
able to cope successfully with the practical politicians at the 
head of the Bennington Party. There was also a fourth faction, 
known as the New York Party or " Yorkers," which during a 
part of the period exerted some influence, and comprised the 
settlers who favored the sovereignty of New York, or a division 
of the Grants at the Green Mountains. During some portions 
of this period the New Hampshire and College Parties worked 
together and against the Bennington Party. The contention 
between these various factions was at times ^'ery strong and 
bitter and continued with varying success until finally the gen- 
eral plan contended for by the Bennington Party prevailed and 
the State of Vermont was organized and later added to the Union. 
It was during this period that Dartmouth College was estab- 
lished at Hanover, N.H., and as General Bayley was deeply 
interested in the selection of its location, and was intimately 
associated with the leaders of the College Party, a brief state- 
ment with reference to the matter will, I am sure, be of inter- 
est. About the year 1767, Rev. Eleazer Wheelcjck, who had 
been for some years conducting a school at Lebanon, Conn., 
known as "Moors' Indian Charity School," desired to remove 
it to some location on the frontier, where it would be able 
to assist more directly in the education of the Indians. John 
Wentworth, who about this same time succeeded his uncle, 
Benning Wentworth, as Provincial Governor of New Hamp- 
shire, secured the removal of the school to some place within 
that state, its definite location to be determined by a committee. 
General Bayley at once became very much interested to have it 
located near Newbury. He visited President Wheelock at his 
home in Connecticut and offered to contribute one thousand 
acres of land if it was located within ten miles of Newbury, and 


subsequently he* accompanied President Wheelock when the hitter 
visited the various k)cations which were being considered. Mat- 
ters progressed favorably, and, largely through General Bayley's 
efforts and influence, the selection of that part of Haverhill di- 
rectly opposite the '' Great Ox-13ow " as the much-coveted loca- 
tion seemed fully assured. Deeds of a large number of acres of 
land for the college were executed and tlelivercd into the hands 
of a committee of three, of which General Bayley was one, to 
await President Wheelock's acceptance. 

These deeds included extensive tracts on the Ox-Bow in 
Newbury, and at North Haverhill, N.II. The granting of the 
charter to Dartmouth College in 1769 served to intensify the 
rivalry for the college location, and, early in the following year. 
General Bayley personally offered, in addition to his previous 
subscription of land, to erect a building two hundred feet long 
for the college, on the land already donated in Haverhill. 
Finally, however, other considerations prevfliled and Hanover, 
N.H., was selected in July, 1770. Even then General Bayley 
would not entirely give up, and wrote President Wheelock a kind 
and loyal letter, in which he stated that if the location could 
even then be removed to Haverhill, he would raise enough to 
build the whole. Although his desire in the matter was not 
attained, it will ever be a cause of satisfaction for his descend- 
ants to know of the generous and puldic-spirited efforts which 
he made, and that his interest in the college ami his friendship 
for its president and his associates thus begun continued for many 

After this brief review of the situation, let us trace General 
Bayley's course through this important period, and study the 
motives which influenced his course in the conspicuous and 
important part he took during the next twenty years. That 
he regardetl the Royal proclamation as a very serious menace, 
and that his feelings were fully shared by his fellow-citizens, is 
clearly shown from the fact that the Newbury town records 
have the following entry: "May ist. 1765. The proprietors 
met to consult what measures to take in consequence of the 

I'loiii " CliasfV ilisiorv ot l):iri- 
inoulli Collc-c ;iinl llaiiovei, X.ll.,'" 
sci-iiix-il thiinii^li llic i-oiirtcs^ of I'lof. 
jolin K. I.oitl :uul I'rot. Ilerhcil 1). 
I'uNid ot Darlmoiith Collejic. 

C'OI'V Ol IllK I'l.AN ()|- lllh: OKK.IXAI. Sill, ()| D \ K IM( )( l' 1 1 

Coi.i.K(;ii A r NoiMii ILw i;i{iiii.i.. X.ll., siiowisc; also 
(jiixitUAi, Ba\i.i:\''s<(;i: ow \ i;i;siiii' oi •' Tin-; (JuicAr 
()\-B()\\ " Ai .\i-.\\iiiin, \'r., i\ IIII-; \ kai; 1769. 


King's proclam^rtion, declaring the west bank of the Connecti- 
cut River the dividing line between New Hampshire and New 
York ; " and it further appears that, after due consideration, 
they concluded that the wisest course was to accept and make 
the best of what seemed to be inevitable, and accordingly 
voted "To send agents to New York, to acknowledge their 
jurisdiction, and that Jacob Bayley, Moses Little and Benjamin 
Whiting should be agents to act together, or singly, as occasion 
served, with each other." Moses Little, it will be remembered, 
was General Bayley's brother-in-law, and although not a resi- 
dent of Newbury, was one of the grantees named in its charter, 
and a man of prominence and influence in the Province of 
Massachusetts; Benjamin Whiting was the town surveyor of 
Newbury. It does not appear whether this committee visited 
New York, but they seem to have made sufficient investigation 
to conclude that there was no occasion for apprehension of im- 
mediate trouble for Newbury. ' 

A general idea of the great change which occurred within 
the first few years after General Bayley began his settlenient 
is obtained from a letter written by him in October, 1768, in 
which he said : " 'Tis but seven years since I struck the first 
stroke herg at which time there was not one inhabitant on the 
river for seventy miles down, none eastward for sixty miles, 
none between us and Canada, and now almost all the lands ure 
settled and settling in almost every town on the east side of the 

Mr. Frederic P. Wells, the author of the " History of New- 
bury, Vt.," and the "History of Peacham, Vt.," says that it 
was largely through General Bayley's influence that a very de- 
sirable class of settlers was induced to locate in the vicinity of 
Newbury, and mentions particularly two colonies from Scotland 
which settled nearby towns with men of sterling worth. 

As time passed on, there was a growing sentiment among the 
settlers east of the Green Mountains in favor of the reannexation 
of that portion of the Grants to the Province of New Hampshire, 
and General Bayley, as the leader of the New Hampshire Party, 


was very active. At first this party had the earnest support of 
Governor Wentvvorth, ])ut, later, liis sudden, and at tirst unex- 
phuned, change of mind caused much anxiety among the settlers 
in the eastern part of the Grants, and intluenced General Bayley 
to secure from the Province of New York a new charter for the 
town of Newhury, in order to protect the settlers in their titles 
to their hinds, as the following clearly shows. In a letter to 
President W^heelock dated January 15, 1771, General Bayley 
wrote: '' You, sir, was pleased to promise your assistance that 
lands on the west side of the Connecticut River might be ceded 
back to New Hampshire, and depend upon it, your advice is 
wanted by this unstable people. Temptations and threats are 
made use of, I am writing Governor Wentworth on the affair, 
but what shall I write? If I appear active for New Hampshire, 
where is my credit in New York? If that sinks we have a 
separate (Bennington) party — who 1 may particularly say are 
avowed enemies to the cause of Christ, at le'.ist by practice, by 
which means we are tied up, but God overrules all things, and 
deliverance will come to his people some way most to his glory." 
In his reply, under date of January 22, 1771, President VVheelock 
wrote : ''I should act out of character if I should move anything 
in the affair, nor is there need that I should, since you \vho are 
the most proper man are already embarked in it. I wish you 
success and pray God to give you the desire of your heart." A 
few days later, in a letter from Governor Wentvvorth to Presi- 
dent Wheelock, dated January 31, 1771, the governor writes: 
"The appointment of a new governor of New York is a happy 
circumstance for the aggrieved inhabitants of the contesting river 
claims. If they are wise, they will eagerly embrace the oppor- 
tunity, in furnishing a proper petition to accomplish their pur- 
pose." The evident purpose of the suggested petition was the 
reannexation of the river claims to the Province of New Hamp- 
shire, and two months later, in March, 177 i, we find that Gen- 
eral Bayley was actively and successfully circulating such a peti- 
tion through the valley towns. General Bayley's course at that 
time, as explained by his own statement made to Asa Benton of 


Thetford early in 1773, \vas substantially as follows: "When 
Governor VVentworth came up to the first commencement of Dart- 
mouth College in August, 1771, he visited me at my home in 
Newbury and while there he appeared to be very jealous to get 
the lands on the western side of the Connecticut River added to 
the Province of New Hampshire and desired my assistance in the 
affair, and when he took his leave of me, lie gave mc his hand and 
added that he would use his utmost efforts to recover the aforesaid 
lands. About two months afterwards I received a letter from Gov- 
ernor \Ventworth in the following tenor : namely, — That 1 must 
make the best terms 1 could with New York, for he could do no 
more to help me toward my getting into tlie Pros ince i;f New 
Hampshire, I was very much surprised and ilisturbed, and im- 
mediately went to Portsmouth to ascertain from tlie governor, 
why he had so suddenly changed his mind, but 1 could not get 
the satisfaction from liim that I desired and expected. He put 
me off and seemed cold and indifferent." Very much perplexed 
and disturbed, General Bay ley returned to Newbury and laid 
the situation before his people. A town meeting was held on 
November 20, 1771, to consider what action should be taken, 
and General Bay ley was authorized to go to New York and 
secure a new charter for the town of Newbury, in order that the 
proprietors might thereby be protected in the titles to their lauds. 
In pursuance of this vote General Bayley proceeded to New 
York (probably in the following December or January). On 
his way he visited the scenes of the troubles in southwestern 
Vermont and there met and conferred with the Aliens, Chitten- 
den, and other leaders, who desired him to join with them in 
resisting the authority of New York. General Bayley, how- 
ever, did not believe such a course was advisable, and stated that 
the people of Newbury were poor and far from aid and could 
not, from their remoteness, act in conjunction with the people 
of southwestern Vermont. Proceeding on his trip, General 
Bayley went on to New York, where, upon his arrival, he was 
met by the governor's secretary. General Bayley's statement 
continues as follows : " The governor's secretary smilingly said : 


' What, you are come now ; now you are obliged to come, for 
your governor has come before you and now you are come.' 
Says I, 'What do you mean by your governor's coming? I 
don't understand you.' ' Why,' says he, handing me a letter, 
' you may see what I mean,' the contents of which ran thus : 
namely, — That if the governor of New York would grant pat- 
ents to the governor of New Hampshire of those five hundred 
acre lots which old Governor Went worth had reserved for him- 
self in every town on the western side of the river when he gave 
charters of said towns, then he, namely, Governor Wentworth, 
would be contented to resign his claims to those towns and 
would exert himself no more to have them revert to the Province 
of New Hampshire." 

General Bayley evidently felt that he had discovered the cause 
of Governor Wentworth's sudden change of heart with refer- 
ence to the reannexation of the Grants to New Hampshire, and 
his subsequent disclosure to his friends of what he had found 
called forth from Governor Wentworth the charge that General 
Bayley had wilfully misrepresented tlte purport of his letter. 
That such was not the fact, and that General Bayley's statement 
was correct and fully justified, is shown by the letter itself, which 
was dcrted December 14, 1771, and read as follows: 

" To his Excellency, Governor Tryon, New York : 

I beg leave to entreat your friendship to me, which may in 
some degree relieve a misfortune lately thrown upon me. The 
late governor of this province, Benning Wentworth, Esq. , — at an 
advanced age, and extremely debilitated with infirmity, was pre- 
vailed on to destroy his will and make a new one some time 
after, to the utter disinheriting of myself and every other relation 
he had. Many particular circumstances aggravated this event. 
During his administration were granted by him many townships 
of Crown Lands, both on the east and west sides of the Con- 
necticut River, in each of which was one lot of five hundred 
acres reserved, which he intended as a grant to himself. The 
impropriety of this mode was often represented to him, but he 


Still persisted until my arrival, when he thought it best to desire 
some more valid security, but through delay natural to old age 
he neglected acquiring it. Since his death all those lots that 
are in this province have been granted to his majesty's subjects, 
being esteemed only resen-ations and insufficient to convey any 
property to him. If the lots in like circumstajices that have 
falleyi into the Province of Neiv York are yet u?igra?ited and it 
is consistent with yonr intentions, I should be happy in solicitin{r 
a grant thereof, and should place an additional value on any 
such recovery, as being effected through favor,* which permit me 
to assure your Excellency I shall rejoice to cultivate and estab- 
lish with the greatest attention, I am, etc., 

John Wentwcmitm." 

It thus appears from Governor Wentworth's own letter that 
his change of heart regarding the recession of the Grants to New 
Hampshire was due to his desire to secure for himself charters 
of the land west of the river, whichhis predecessor had reserved, 
but had not taken title to. His cupidit}vhas thus left the gov- 
ernor in a very unenviable, if not dishonorable, situation, but 
inasmuch as he placed himself there, as his own letter shows, we 
have little sympathy for him, and his attempt to justify his own 
course by his unwarranted censure of General Bayley and others 
who had discovered and made public the real cause of his 
change of mind, simply recoils upon himself, and injures no 
one's reputation but his own. 

Upon being thus received in New York, General Bayley 
doubtless realized that he was acting at some disadvantage ; 
nevertheless, he was not discouraged, and on February 6, 1772, 
he presented to Governor Tryon and his council his petition for 
a new charter for Newbury. So well did he conduct the matter 
that within two weeks, on February 19, it was agreed that a 
new charter should be granted which would securely confirm, 
through General Bayley, to the residents of Newbury, the valid- 
ity of the titles to their lands. In this charter, which bears the 

* The italics are mine. 


date of April 13, 1772, General Bayley's name again heads the 
list of the proprietors, and, thus, for the second time, he became 
" The Father of Newbury." 

The object of his trip having been thus successfully accom- 
plished, he hastened to return home, where we may well believe 
the news of the new charter brought great general satisfaction 
and relief. The expense of securing this charter, Avhich was 
considerable, was borne by General Bayley, and after it was 
issued and delivered he kept it in his personal possession for 
sixteen years before recording it, apparently fearing for its 
safety if it left his custody. 

One of the indirect results of this trip deserves particular 
mention, as it doubtless exerted a strong influence upon General 
Bayley's future course in this controversy ; this was the confirma- 
tion of the unfavorable opinion which he and others in his local- 
ity held of Ethan Allen and the other Bennington Party leaders, 
whom he found to be very outspoken free thinkers and avowed 
disbelievers of the Bible. Although General Bayley was far 
from being a religious fanatic, or c\'en an emotional Christian, 
he was, nevertheless, a man of a deeply religious nature, with a 
strong reverence for the Bible and its teachings, and was nat- 
urally adverse to allying himself with a party composed of, and 
dominated by, men holding such ideas, as he found the leaders 
of the Bennington Party to be. Previously, in the year 176S, 
the Province of New York had divided the Grants into two 
counties, Bennington on the west of the Green Mountains and 
Cumberland on the east, with Newbury as the shire town of the 
latter. In the year 1770 Cumberland County was divided on a 
line running east and west between the towns of Norwich and 
Hartford (Vt.), the southern portion still retaining the name of 
Cumberland County, and the northern portion receiving the 
name of Gloucester County ; and in the year 1772 New York 
established the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for Gloucester 
County, and appointed General Bayley as judge of the new court, 
which position he held continuously for the next five years. 

As time ran on the settlement of the Grants went rapidly for- 


ward, but the jurisdiction of New York became more and more 
arbitrary and unsatisfactory and it was clear that sooner or hiter 
the territory must be organized into an independent province, 
or be divided between the Provinces of New Hampshire and 
New York. This feeling took definite form when, in January, 
1775, the Bennington Party called a convention of the resi- 
dents of the Grants to meet at Manchester. Several other con- 
ventions were held during that and the next year, but few of 
the towns in Cumberland or Gloucester Counties took part in 
them. The members of these conventions earnestly sought the 
co-operation of General Bayley, and several times votes were 
passed naming him a member of committees to interest the in- 
habitants of these counties in support of the objects of the con- 
ventions. General Bayley, however, had neither time nor in- 
clination to attend these conventions, for from the beginning 
of the Revolutionary War he had been continually occupied in 
enlisting men and raising equipment to be used by the rangers 
in guarding and scouting along the northern frontier, for he 
realized that the protection of the flintier, upon which the 
safety of southern New England depended, rested almost en- 
tirely upon him ; and therefore, under existing conditions, he 
believed it- was unwise for the Grants to be organized as an 
independent state. 

In June, 1775, the New York Provincial Congress requested 
Newbury to send a delegate to represent it, and (jleneral Bayley 
was chosen ; he was unable to attend, however, in consequence 
of the disturbed condition of his locality. It now became ap- 
parent that the public safety required a commanding officer over 
all the militia of the frontier and river towns, and as the military 
experience, ability, and patriotism of General Bayley were well 
known, he was, in May, 1776, noininated Brigadier General of 
Gloucester and Cumberland Counties, and was duly confirmed 
oy the Provincial Congress of New York on August i of that 
year. During the same year General Bayley was with the army 
before Boston. General Washington, who was also there, 
was very desirous of establishing a shorter military route from 


eastern New England to Canada, than by the way of Lake Cham- 
plain, and, from General Bayley, Washington learned that a 
mnch shorter route could l)e laid out through the Coos country. 
Accordingly, soon after, with the approval of liis commander in 
chief, General Bayley began the laying out of such a road from 
Newbury to St. John's, Canada, a distance of about one hun- 
dred miles. Over this route it was found that troops could be 
sent to Canada ten da^s more quickly than by way of Lake 
Chainplain, and the actual construction of this road was forth- 
with begun by General Bayley; but after it had been partially 
constructed, for a distance of tifteen or twenty miles northward 
from Newbury, through the town of Peacham, the work was 
temporarily interruptetl by the report that Canadian troops were 
advancing down the line of the proposed route to attack the 
frontier. Three years later, in 1779, the further construction of 
this road was continued through to the northern part of Ver- 
mont, under the immediate direction of General Ilazen, and 
although it was never much used for military purposes, it was 
of great assistance in the settlement of that region, and is prop- 
erly known as " The Bayley-ILizen Military Road." 

During this period, for better public protection, committees 
of safety were organized in many of the towns along the valley. 
They were under the direction of a central committee, of which 
General Bayley was chairman, with headquarters at Newbury, 
and when funds were not forthcoming to provide for the 
equipment and maintenance of troops, General Bayley drew 
on his own private means, even to the extent of mortgaging 
his farm. 

The year 1777 was an exceedingly active one throughout the 
Grants. In January a convention met at Westminster, with the 
College Party in control ; a declaration of indej^endence of New 
York was adopted, and a separate state set up under the name 
of " New Connecticut." A committee of five, which included 
Thomas Chittenden, Heman Allen, and General Bayley, were 
appointed as delegates to present the proceedings of this con- 
vention to the Continental Congress and there negotiate in be- 


half of the neW state. General Bayley, however, was not a 
member of the convention and did not accept the appointment, 
as he could not be spared from his military duties, and also be- 
cause he was opposed to any separation, until the public safety 
was better provided for. 

The great need of funds, and his own self-sacrifice, is shown 
in a letter addressed by him to the New York Provincial Con- 
gress, dated February 36, 1777, in which he states that the only 
soldiers in his locality were those under pay from him, whom 
he had employed to construct the military road above mentioned, 
and that he was in great need of funds to provide for the equip- 
ment and maintenance of the soldiers necessary for the protec- 
tion of the frontier. Of himself he says, " I am continually 
employed in the service, but have no pay and am willing as long 
as I can live without beggiiig^* 

In May of this year, the Council of Safety of New York re- 
quested General Bayley to order a company of rangers from 
Gloucester and Cumberland Counties to inarch to Kingston, 
N.Y., to do service there, but General Bayley remonstrated 
against complying with this order, *because it would strip the 
frontier of men, who could not be spared, as they were needed 
for the present defense. 

About this time. New York ordered throughout the Grants an 
election of Provincial officers under its constitution. The Ben- 
nington Party, in opposition to this move of New York, and 
with its customary adroitness, had circulated copies of the New 
York constitution throughout the Grants, the effect of which, 
upon the sentiment of the inhabitants, and upon the attitude of 
General Bayley, is clearly shown in a letter addressed by him to 
the New York Assembly, under date of June 14, 1777, in which 
he says, "Gentlemen, — I acknowledge the receipt of an ordi- 
nance from you for the election of governor, lieutenant governor, 
and senators, and representatives, etc., but I am happy to think 
that our people will not choose to sit in the State of New York. 
The people before they saw your constitution were not willing 
* The italics are mine. 


to trouble themselves with a separation from New York, but 
now, almost to a man, are violently for it." It seems that con- 
ditions had now reached a crisis, and General Bayley and others 
felt that the time had come when they must decide between the 
supremacy of New York or the establishment of an independent 
state, and at a town meeting held in Newbury, on June 23, 
1777, it was voted " to be separate from the State of New York 
and formed into a state by the name of Vermont," also " to 
accept the independence voted in the convention held at West- 
minster on the fifteenth of January, with the amendments, ami 
that Colonel Jacob Bayley and Reuben Foster be delegates " to 
the next convention. General Bay ley's letter, above mentioned, 
and the action of his town, were a practical renunciation of his 
allegiance to the State of New York, and his approval of the 
establishment of the Grants as an independent state. General 
Bayley took his seat in that memorable convention which met 
at Windsor on July 2, 1777, which considered and adopted a 
constitution for the new State of Vermont. One of the impor- 
tant requirements of this new constitution was a provision for a 
Council of Safety which should administer the affairs of the new 
state, until the organization ot a permanent government under 
the constitution was completed. 

It embraced the three functions of Governor, Council, and 
General Assembly, and was all-powerful until the election of ofli- 
cers, provided for by the constitution, took place the following 
March. This Council is famous, not only for the authority with 
vvhich it was invested, but also for the character of tiie men 
who composed it. It appears to have comprised twelve mem- 
bers, the names of eight of whom have been positively ascer- 
tained ; at its head was Thomas Chittenden, soon to become the 
first governor of the new state ; Ira and Ileman Allen, brothers 
of Ethan Allen, were both members, as was also General Bayley, 
who was chosen at the personal solicitation of President Chitten- 
den, for the reason, as the latter stated, that General Bayley was 
''the strongest man east of the mountains." This must be re- 
garded as a very high compliment, coming from such a con- 


temporary, with whose course and ideas it was well-known 
General Bayley had at times little sympathy. 

While these important political events were happening in the 
new State of Vermont, the Revolutionary War was heing aggres- 
sively pushed. During this same year (1777) General IJayley 
received from General Washington his appointment as Com- 
missary General of the Northern Department of the Colonial 
Army. In July, General Burgoyne, who had been advancing 
southward from Canada, with a strong force of British, attacked 
and captured Fort Ticonderoga, and was planning to fight his 
way down the Hudson River, and thus cut off New England 
from the rest of the colonies. The gravity of the situation was 
everywhere fully realized, and General Bayley and all the other 
colonial officers were straining every nerve to marshall a sulh- 
cient force to prevent the success of this plan of the British. 
Events moved rapidly; on August 15 the battle of Bennington 
was fought and won, adding the name of John Stark to the long 
list of American heroes ; General Bayley was at Castleton on 
the day of the battle, but immediately proceeded to Bennington 
and shared in the inspiration of that important victory. It was 
imperative that the American forces should follow up the advan- 
tage which , they had thus gained, and every availaljle man was 
rushed to the front. The following quotation from a letter 
written by General Bayley to Colonel Morey under date of Sep- 
tember 22, 1777, shows the urgency of the situation and his 
hope of early success ; namely, "You and all the militia east- 
ward must turn out and with horses and one month's provisions, 
which will, I hope, put an end to the dispute this way." Gen- 
eral Bayley's prophecy, that one month would end the fighting, 
was realized, for after several minor encounters, in which the 
Americans were generally successful, Burgoyne was forced to 
retreat to Saratoga, where, on October 17, after an overwhelm- 
ing defeat at the hands of the brilliant, but treacherous, Benedict 
Arnold, he was forced to surrender; General Bayley was pres- 
ent, in command of his regiment and contributed to the victory 
there won. Saratoga is recognized as one of the decisive 


battles of history, and its far-reaching effect upon the Colonial 
cause can scarcely be overestimated, and it will ever be a source 
of pride and satisfaction to the descendants of General Bayley 
to know that he took the part he did in the events leading up to 
this decisive battle and that he was present and contributed to 
its successful result. 

In this connection it is an interesting fact to recall that three 
sons of General Bayley, — Ephraini, Joshua, and Jacob, — his 
nephew, Colonel Frye Bayley, and his kinsman, Captain John 
G. Bayley, all residents of Newbury, Vt., served with him in 
this memorable campaign against Burgoyne. 

While the war continued for nearly three years, the subse- 
quent fighting was coniined to the southern part of the Colonies, 
and New England was relieved in a great measure from its pre- 
vious strain and anxiety. The war of the Grants, however, 
"went steadily on. Early in February, 177S, several towns on 
the east side of the Connecticut River petitioned the Vermont 
Assembly to be annexed to the new state. Their admission was 
bitterly opposed by the Bennington Party, and as earnestly 
championed by the College Party. The matter was submitted 
to popular vote, which decided in favor of the admission of the 
town*; and as an offset the Beitnington Party some time after- 
wards secured the annexation to Vermont of several towns situ- 
ated on the west side of the Grants along the New York border. 
. In March of this same year (177S) the state was organized 
under the constitution, which provided for a government through 
a Governor, a Lieutenant Governor, a Council of twelve mem- 
bers, and an Assembly of Representatives. General Bayley 
was elected a member of this first Governor's Council, which 
combined the functions ami powers of a Governor's Council and 
a Senate. 

The attitude of those residents who were British sympathizers 
or Tories, was particularly offensive to the patriotism of the 
citizens in general, aiul one of the first acts of the new state was 
to establish, in March, 1778, a Court of Confiscation, which 
should seize and order the sale of the real and personal estate 


belonging to such enemies of the United States ; and General 
Bayley was appointed a member of this court with the Lieuten- 
ant Governor and five others. 

The Assembly also provided for a probate court for the 
Newbury District, and appointed General Bayley as its Judge. 

The second election under the constitution occurred in Sep- 
tember of the same year, and General Bayley was again elected 
a member of the Governor's Council. The Assembly provided 
for a Supreme Court for the County of Gloucester, and ap- 
pointed General Bayley its Chief Judge. 

The Bennington Party was now in control of the Assembly, 
and through its influence those towns on the east side of the 
Connecticut River which, against its opposition, had been ad- 
mitted to Vermont, were denied and deprived of certain powers 
and privileges which were enjoyed by the other towns of the 
state, and which they claimed were guaranteed them by the act 
of union. This aroused the opposition not only of the College 
Party, but of the residents generally of the valley, and resulted 
in the representatives uf the east-side towns withdrawing from 
the Assembly ; and with them went also the representatives of 
several of the towns on the west side of the river, who shared in 
the resentment aroused by this unjust course of the Bennington 
Party. These included, amoitg others, the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor and General Bayley, and at a town meeting held in New- 
bury in December, 1778, of which General Bayley was modera- 
tor, the town by vote approved of the action of its representa- 
tives in withdrawing from the Assembly. A convention of the 
seceding towns was immediately called to meet at Cornish, 
N.H. ; and action was taken favoring a return of the river towns 
in Vermont to the State of New Hampshire, or, as an alterna- 
tive, a union of the river towns in New Hampshire with the 
State of Vermont. 

General Bayley was a very active member of this convention, 
and was one of a committee of two appointed to present the 
action of the convention to the New Hampshire Assembly. 
Public feeling ran high, and when the Vermont Assembly, in 


February, 1779, voted to dissolve the union with the east-side 
towns, the adherents of the College and New Hampshire Par- 
ties immediately and strenuously pushed forward the proposi- 
tion of having New Hampshire reassert her old jurisdiction over 
all the Grants; General Bayley was one of a special committee 
of two, who prepared and presented to the New Hampshire 
Assembly a petition embodying this proposal. The Bennington 
Party had exerted every effort to head off this movement, but 
were only partially successful, for the Assembly recommended 
" that New Hampshire should lay claim to the jurisdicti(jn of the 
whole of the Grants lying west of the River, but allowing and 
conceding, nevertheless, that if the Honorable Continental Con- 
gress should permit them to be a separate state, as now claimed 
by some of the inhabitants thereof, by the name of ' Vermont,' 
New Hampshire would acquiesce therein." Action on this rec- 
ommendation was delayed until the following session, in June, 
17791 ^'""d the Cornish Committee were requested to ascertain 
meanwhile the sentiment of the people west of the river, which 
was found to be favorable to the recommendation ; and accord- 
ingly the claim was formally made by the New Hampshire 
Assembly. It will be readily appreciated that the State of Ver- 
mont was in an exceedingly embarrassed situation — New York 
and New Hampshire each claimed the whole of the territory, 
while Massachusetts now put in a claim for a strip along the 
southern border; Congress seemed indifferent and the feeling 
between the rival parties in the state was very intense and bitter. 
The leaders of the Bennington Party were greatly angered by 
the persistent claims of the adjoining states, and despairing of 
the immediate recognition of the State of Vermont through any 
course theretofore pursued, they proceeded to develop a scheme 
which they hoped would force the final recognition of the state ; 
this plan embraced the carrying on of secret negotiations with 
General Haldimand, the commander-in-chief of the British 
forces in Canada, the ostensible object being to detach V^ermont 
from the United States and annex her to the King's Dominion ; 
at first only eight men in Vermont were in the secret, and these 


included the leaders of the Beniungton Party. With this object 
in view they agreed upon a truce with the British, by which the 
troops of the latter were withdrawn from western Vermont, 
and the Colonial forces in that part of the state disbanded, with 
the expectation on the part of the British, at least, that Vermont 
was presently to be annexed to Canada. This was certainly a 
bold and desperate scheme. The negotiations were carried on 
for nearly four years, from 1779 to 17S3, and a large anu)unt of 
the correspondence has never been satisfactorily explained, for 
some of the letters written by the Aliens to the British authori- 
ties in Canada apparently indicate that they were ready to turn 
Vermont over to Canada. It is little wonder, therefore, that 
General Bay ley and his associates in the Connecticut Valley, 
who had for a long time entertained a strong aversion for Allen 
and his associates, on account of their infidel beliefs, should 
now, in consequence of the apparent character of these nego- 
tiations, distrust their patriotism and oppose uniting with any 
party or state dominated by the influence of men such as they 
now regarded the leaders of the Bennington Party to be. Gen- 
eral Bayley's views upon the apparent situation are well shown 
in a letter written by him under date of November 6, iSSo, in 
which he says, "- All the force that can be spared from Canada 
is at Crown Point and Onion River; and though they have been 
for six weeks in that quarter, and it has been in their power to 
distress fhe people on the Grants west of the mountains, yet 
not a man killed or captivated, nor a house burnt; but look on 
this side, where people are opposed to the people on the west, — 
in their extravagances they burn, kill and captivate, and have 
been and now are watching to destroy this and other places on 
these rivers." 

The same feeling of suspicion and some of the reasons why 
he advocated annexation with New Hampshire, and his fixed 
determination regarding his own course were clearly shown in a 
remarkably strong and patriotic letter written by him to Presi- 
dent Weare of the New Hampshire Assembly, under date of 
November 22 of the same year, in which he says, " I under- 


Stand General Allen has made peace for Vermont till that time 
[February, 1781 J but as we do not own that btate we shall be 
their only butt. If the United States and you in particular do 
not take notice of such treasonable conduct we had better let 
this cause drop. If you had the jurisdiction of the whole 
Grants which I am sure you cuuld if you only desire it the 
country would be safe ; but if you split at the [Connecticut] 
river you keep all in confusion . . . while the matter hangs 
in suspense the enemy may take possession, then where is your 
state.'' For my part I am determined to fight for Neiu Hamp- 
shire ayid the United Slates as long as I am alive and have 
one copper in viy hand^ but if oiu- exertions are not greater and 
more effectual, another year will end the dispute [and] not in 
our favor."* 

It appears that at this time General Bayley believed that a 
public sentiment in favor of a union with the British Govern- 
ment in Canada was spreading throughout the Grants and that 
it was imperative that the Colonial forces should take some 
open, aggressive attitude in order tu counteract and check this 
growing British sentiment, and for this reason he was strongly 
in favor of an invasion of Canada, and was willing to risk his 
own life in such an attempt, as appears from the following ex- 
tract from the foregoing letter : " The United States suffer them- 
selves to be attacked front and rear and on the Hanks ; Did 
Bjufoyne get clear ivhcn that was the case udth him; Our 
chariot is in the mire; Praying to Hercules or France zcithout 
putting to the shoulder with all our might will not do; This 
frontier is the 07ily one for five hundred miles west remaining; 
It is near the enemy; It is of great importance to you as well as 
to the other New England states and the cause is general. Shall 
we forever be on the defetisive and yet not be able to defend our- 
selves as it is impossible ive should while Canada is in the hands 
of the enemy; Shall we not make an attempt on Canada — that 
harbor of spoils, thieves, and njbbers — I nmst confess the cause 
is sinking so fast in my view, I am willing (as I see no other 

* The italics are mine. 


remedy) to viake the attempt if 1 7 mi ten chances to one to die in 
the attempt."* 

The view of the British in Canada regarding the situation in 
Vermont at this time, and of General Bayley's rehition to it, is 
interesting and significant, and is well shown from a report 
made to General Haldimand, Commander-in-Chief of the British 
forces, by one of the secret British commissioners under date of 
September 30, 17S1, from which the following is quoted: " I 
beg leave to trouble you with a few remarks of my own founded 
on the closest observation and scrutiny that I was able to make 
on the words and actions of Messrs. Allen and Fay while I was 
with them, I am fully of the opinion that Messrs. Chittenden, 
Allen, and Fay, with a number of the leading men of Vermont, 
are making every exertion in their power to endeavor to bring 
about a reunion with [the British] Government and that at least 
one third part of the populace sincerely wished for such a change. 

" But I find that Congress are much alarmed and have lately at 
great expense employed a number of emissaries in Vermont to 
counteract underhand whatever is doing for [the British] Gov- 
ernment. The principal of those are General Bayley, Colonels 
Charles Johnson, Morey, Brewster, and Major Childs on the 
Connectiqut River. 

" This Junto of which General Bayhy is the soul* are endeavor- 
ing to set the populace against their present leaders by insinuat- 
ing to them that they are Tories and intend to sell Vermont, etc. 

" I believe that Congress intend to bring tlie populace of Ver- 
mont to a general vote whether they will relinquish their pres- 
ent claim or not, at which time they hope, by the influence of 
Bayley's party, to turn out the present leaders and at least have 
their own creatures appointed, whom they will endeavor to sup- 
port by establishing a considerable force somewhere on the 
frontiers of Vermont next spring. Messrs. Allen and Fay have 
very sincerely acknowledged to me their embarrassment and 
their fears that the populace could not be easily gained, and in a 
very sensible manner pointed out the difliculties and dangers 

* The italics are mine. 


attending sudi an attempt, while the rebellious part of the popu- 
lace, however few, had reason to suspect so much more assistance 
from the southward than the friends of [the British] Govern- 
ment could at present expect from the Northward, they observed 
that so long as these !n(jtives emboldened the former and de- 
pressed the latter there would be but little hopes of success. 
They however requested (as the last resource) that General 
Haldimand would issue a proclamation pointing out in a very 
particidar manner the privileges he was authorized to grant Ver- 
mont. This proclamation they hoped would be acceptable to 
so large a part of the people that by the ensuing spring, with 
the assistance and protection of General Ilaldimand, they could 
effectually establish a British Government, but, if this failed, they 
know of no other method at present." 

The foregoing report also clearly shows how firmly convinced 
the British authorities were as to what was the real purjiose of 
the western Vermont leaders in their negotiations with General 

General Bayley's feelings during this period are further shown 
in a letter written by him to General Washington, dated Ajjril 
lo, 17S3, in which, referring to the Haldimand correspondence, 
he says, '• I must say the correspondence of Vermont with the 
enemy is not to deceive them but was actually designed to de- 
stroy the United States — the question — whom did they mean 
to deceive, Congress or the enemy.?" And, again, in another 
letter to General Washington under date of May 30 of the same 
year, he says, " Major James Rogers has been in here and has 
gone back satisfied that most of the leading men in Vermont 
will not oppose British government; I believe he will not find 
it true, although many are gone back, this town and some adja- 
cent stand fast." Again, writing to General Washington under 
date of September 16 of the same year, speaking of the need of 
funds and how he had impoverished himself, he says, " If it is 
consistent, I wish some gentleman at Boston might be appointed 
to settle the account, as it is very expensive for me to go to 
Philadelphia ; have nothing left but my farm but zuhat I have 


advanced for the public; even my tiyne as much as though I had 
been the whole time in the army since the present war, I have 
not received ayiything for my time {and I think it ivell spent if 
I have done any good) but little for my advancements.* 

Colonel Thomas Johnson, :i neighbor and firm £riend of Gen- 
eral Bayley, as well as a prominent citizen of the town and 
an ardent patriot, who had been captured and kept a prisoner 
in Canada during a portion of the time covered by the Ilaldi- 
mand correspondence, in writing to General Washington under 
date of Alay 30, 17S2, regarding his experiences antl view of the 
matter says, " I heard many of the [British] officers often say that 
Allen might easily have cut them off if he would, but he had agreed 
to the contrary. The rehearsal of these actions of the infernal 
villains is enough to make my blood run cold in every vein." 

The causes which inspired tlie writing of the foregoing letters 
served still further to arouse the activities of General Bayley and 
his associates in behalf of the colonies, and his outspoken criti- 
cism made him particularly offensive to the British in Canada, 
and those who sympathized with them. That he was so re- 
garded is clearly shown by a report that " Governor Chittenden 
had received an account that all Newbury but three or four had 
voted to make application to New Hampshire to be received and 
protected, and that General Bayley zcas vety active in the matter, 
and that Haldimafid could not carry his plans into ejfect unless 
he sent immediately and took General Bayley off the ground, as 
he kept this part of the country in tumult and confusion." In 
consequence of this well-founded belief a reward of rive hundred 
guineas was offered for the capture of General Bayley " dead 
or alive," and a carefully-planned but ineffectual attempt to 
surprise him at his home, in June, 17S2, only failed through the 
timely warning given to him by Colonel Thomas Johnson. The 
incident, I think, is well worth repeating here. It appears that 
for several days some British soldiers had been lurking in the 
vicinity of General Bayley's home for the purpose of effecting 
his capture. On the afternoon of the day of the proposed 
*The italics are mine. 


attempt, General Bayley and some of his men were ploughing on 
his meadow. Colonel Johnson, who was at home on parole 
after his capture by the British, was made aware of the plan for 
the proposed capture, and being determined, at all hazards, to 
prevent his friend from falling into the hands of the British, and 
fearing on account of his own safety to personally give him 
warning, he wrote this brief and non-committal message on a 
slip of paper : " The Philistines be upon tliee, Samson," which 
he folded and handed to a friend, directing him to cross the 
meadow and drop the paper in sight of General Bayley and near 
where he was to pass. He did so ; General Bayley saw it, 
picked it up and after reading it and plowing a little longer, 
directed his men to stop work and look after themselves, as he 
wovdd go across the river. That evening the soldiers surrounded 
General Bayley's home and captured the inmates, but he was 
safe among his friends in Haverhill. 

Two records of the town of Newbury of this year are inter- 
esting, as showing the strong, public sentiment in support of 
General Bayley's efforts for annexation with New Hampshire. 
One passed May 31, 1782, was as follows: " At a legal meet- 
ing of said town on said day, being a full meeting, voted to be 
under the government of the State of New Hampshire, at the 
same time chose Gideon Smith to meet a convention of members 
from towns who should be of our opinion, at Thetford, in order 
to make application to said State of New Hampshire ; " and 
another on November 7, 1782, signed by the board of select- 
men, as follows: "Whereas application was made to the State 
of New Hampshire at their session at Concord in June last by 
Mr. Curtis, agent for five towns, and encouragement given for 
jurisdiction and protection, and we are sensible that protection 
has been afforded from said state, for which we return said state 
thanks in the name of this town and now desire said state would 
extend jurisdiction over said town in its fullest extent, as it is 
the desire of the town in general." 

It therefore appears that Newbury held out strongly to the 
last, but with the close of the Revolutionary War, and with the 


powerful influence exerted by General Washington to clear up 
the situation, the internal controversy of the Grants came to an 
end, for Congress had declared "that the relinquishment by 
Vermont of all demands or jurisdictions on the east side of the 
west bank of the Connecticut River and west of a line twenty 
miles east of the Hudson, was an indispensable preliminary to 
the state's recognition," and finally, in June, 17S2, the Vermont 
Assembly accepted this ultimatum and dissolved the union with 
any territory outside the limits prescribed by Congress. 

The causes of danger, disagreement, and suspicion having been 
thus removed, General Bayley resumed his activity in the affairs 
of the state, and in October, 17S3, he was appointed and quali- 
fied as Chief Judge of the Orange County Court, and the follow- 
ing year he was elected as the representative from Newbury to 
the General Assembly. In 1786 he was elected to his former 
position as a member of the Governor's Council, and thereafter, 
for seven consecutive years, he was annually re-elected. Dur- 
ing the same year, 1786, he was again appointed Chief Judge of 
the Orange County Court, and served continuously until 1791. 
He was also elected a member of the Constitutional Convention 
which met in 1793. 

With the close of his term as a member of the Governor's 
Council, in 1794, General Bayley's long active public life came 
to an end. He had passed his sixty-eighth birthday, and had 
earned his release from the labor and turmoil of further public 
service. It is also true that the financial expenditures which he 
had made, and the losses which he had suffered, for the public 
welfare, and for which he never received any return, left him 
for the remainder of his life a poor man. In his retirement 
among his family and friends in Newbury, his life flowed 
quietly on for twenty years ; he died on March i, 1815, in the 
eighty-ninth year of his age, carrying with him to his grave the 
confidence and esteem of all who knew him. He died in the 
house of his son Isaac, which is still owned and occupied by his 
descendants, and is, and should long continue to be, one of the 
historic landmarks of the town. 


His burial place is in the ancient Ox-Bow Cemetery, nearby 
his home, and overlooking the beautiful meadow and the wind- 
ing river which first attracted him so strongly to that localit)' ; 
and thus he was laid at rest in thu town which he founded, loved 
so well, and served so long and faithfully. 

Although I have made a careful search, I regret to say that I 
have been unable to find any picture of General Bayley and, 
consequently, the following personal description of him, given 
by Mr. Wells, in his '' History of Newbury, Vt.," will prove all 
the more interesting: " In person he was about middle height, 
a stature not exceeded by any of his sons or grandsons, with a 
muscular, well-knit frame capable of great endurance, and the 
lineaments of his countenance could be easily traced in his 

The following is a brief summary of General Bayley's many 
public activities, gathered from this long account of his life. 
Besides the important town oflices which he held in Hampstead 
and Newbury (seven years as selectman and more than twenty 
tiines as moderator), his activity in wider fields included his ser- 
vice through the French and Indian War (Lieutenant,. 1755 ; 
Captain, 1757; Colonel, 1760); through the RevoK .^^.nary 
War (Brigadier General, 1776; Commissary General ]',])', 
andin civil affairs as first proprietor under the New Ha .pshire 
and New York charters of Newbury (1763 and 1772) ; dele^^.uc 
to the New York Provincial Congress (1777) ; representative U» 
the Vermont General Assembly (1777 and 1784); member of 
Council of Safety (1777) ; member of Court of Confiscation 
(177S) ; Judge of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas (1772- 
1777) ; Judge of Probate Court for Newbury District (177S) ; 
Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of Gloucester County 
(1778); Chief Judge of Orange County Court (1783, 1786- 
1791) ; member of Constitutional Conventions (1777 and 1793) ; 
delegate to the Continental Congress (1777); and ten terms a 
member of the Governor's Council (177S, 1786-1794). Such, 
in brief, is his public record, one which marks him as a man of 
extraordinary prominence, ability, and usefulness, and of which 


his descendants and the citizens of his town should always be 
proud. In this connection it will be instructive to consider the 
estimates placed upon his services by disinterested writers, who 
have been careful students of the history of his times. 

Joshua Coffin, in his '■'■ History of Newbury, Mass.," speaking 
of General Bayley's services, says, "These positions involved 
great responsibility and subjected him to danger, difficulties and 
sacrifices of an extraordinary character, and many anecdotes 
might be related of his exploits, hair-breadth escapes, encounters 
with the enemy, Indians and Tories ; his constant vigilance to 
escape scouts sent from Canada to take him, for whom a re- 
ward of tive hundred guineas had been offered, dead or alive ; 
by means of spies he acquired important intelligence of the 
enemy in Canada and rendered great service with his purse, 
person and pen at and before the surrender of Burgoyne, where 
he was engaged with two or three of his sons ; he made a treaty 
of friendship with the St. Francis Indians, and by his kindness 
to them won their attachment, and many of the tribe were of 
great service to the colonies during the Revolutionary War ; he 
sacrificed a large estate in the service of his country, for which 
he ii> er received any compensation, and was equally distin- 
guii'h for his talents, his patriotism and his piety." 

Adt ocendantof Governor Chittenden has well described Gen- 
eral Bayley as " One of tlie neglected patriots of the Revolution," 

Wells, in his excellent " History of Newbury, Vt.," estimates 
General Bayley as follows : " He had great talents and his use- 
fulness to the American cause was very great ; it is believed 
that losses which he suffered by his service to the patriot cause 
amounted to sixty thousand dollars, for which, notwithstanding 
his applications to Congress, he received no return ; he sacri- 
ficed all his estate to pay his debts and died a poor man ; he has 
been well called ' The Father of Newbury,' and his services to 
the town and the church can hardly be over-estimated ; his in- 
fluence with the Indians doubtless prevented many disasters to 
the frontier, and his sacrifices in behalf of the American cause 
contributed toward the establishment of her colonies ; his fame 


will always be great in this town, but by the present generation 
even of his descendants, the services which he rendered are very 
imperfectly understood ; his sphere of operations was narrow, 
but in it no man could have accomplished a more durable work ; 
his loyalty to the patriot cause was never questioned, and his 
course during the war has never needed apology or required 
vindication ; it is unfortunate for his fame that he took the 
course which he did regarding the motives and inHucnce of the 
Aliens, Governor Chittenden and the other leaders of the Ver- 
mont cause ; had he understood their plans and acted with them, 
his name would have gone into history second in fame to that oj 
no man in Vcrtnont."* 

Coming from such authorities, the foregoing estimates of 
General Bayley must be reganled as competent and deserved. 
While his fame has suffered, as above suggested, yet any care- 
ful student of those times and conditions will admit that Gen- 
eral Bayley had large and natural groumls for his suspicion of 
the western Vermont leaders. When, however, the peace and 
independence of his country were finally established, and the 
safety and protection of the inhabitants of the frontier were fully 
assured, he was loyal and broad-minded enough to forget the 
differences which had once separated them and to join heartily 
with them in the upbuilding of the new state, in which they 
also were leaders. 

Little can be added to the comprehensive estimates of his 
public life, from which I have above quoted, and I will only 
attempt to summarize his character and services. He was a 
pioneer of strong, unselfish purpose ; a patriot of uncompromis- 
ing fidelity ; a soldier unstained by personal ambition ; a citi- 
zen ever devoted to the public good. While he lacked the fire 
of a Sam Adams, his patriotism was equally deep and strong, 
and not less severely tested ; although he never possessed the 
swaying eloquence of a Patrick Henry, nevertheless, he easily 
won and maintained the confidence of those who knew him; 
while he did not have the genius for government of a Franklin, 

* The italics are mine. 


yet his counsol was wise and his judgment sound, and although 
his name is not conspicuously hnked with any great battle, yet 
his untiring and self-sacrilicing services in raising, equipping, 
and maintaining the militia throughout the large district under 
his command contributed very materially to those successes which 
gave to the names of others undying glory and fame. 

Nearly a century has passed since his death, and today his 
descendants are numerous and widely scattered from ocean to 
ocean, but wherever they dwell, they can always turn with hon- 
est pride to the self-sacrificing and distinguished public services 
of this most deserving, yet most neglected, ancestor. It is with 
a feeling of deep personal regret, amounting almost to shame, 
that I must add that his grave, as well as his memory, has been 
inexcusably neglected, for in a seldom-noticed spot in the Ox- 
Bow Cemetery a small weather-beaten stone slab, fast crum- 
bling to decay, bearing a brief and well-nigh illegible inscription, 
is all that marks his humble grave. Such thoughtless neglect, 
inexcusable as it is on the part of his town, becomes little less 
than disgraceful to those who carry his name and Idood. I am 
glad to say, however, that a movement already well begun, 
which should include every one of his desce7idants^ will, I be- 
lieve, soon remedy, as far as can now be done, the long-continued 
wrong thus done to his memory and last resting place, by the 
early erection of suital)le monuments to forever perpetuate the 
memory of his life and self-sacriticing services for his town, his 
state, and his country. 

Realizing, as I do, how imperfect and inadequate this narra- 
tive is of the life and services which it seeks to portray, I, never- 
theless, have confidence that you who have so patiently followed 
it through with me, will unanimously join in the confession 

" That they who on glorious ancestors enlarge 
Produce their debt instead of their discharge." 

At the conclusion of the foregoing address Dr. Stephen G. 
Bailey of Boston, in a few well-chosen words, expressed his 


high appreciation of its historical merit aiul importance, and 
moved that tlie Association extend to Mr. Hayley a unanimous 
vote of thanks, which was accordingly done. 

Diu'ing the noon intermission most of those present visited 
the site of General Bayley's birthplace, which is appropriately 
marked and is only a very short walk from the town hall. 

An excellent dinner was served by the ladies of the West 
Newbury Grange, in their hall, where the after-dinner exercises 
were held. 

Hon. Horace W. Bailey of Newbury, Vt., United States 
Marshal for the district of Vermont, and the newly-elected 
President of the Association, was called upon and made the fol- 
lowing address : 

Mr. President and Cousins : 

I bring you the greetings of nine persons — myself included — 
from Newbury, Vt. My disposition is good enough to bring 
you the greetings from all the Baileys, and of the balance of the 
inhabitants of my native town, but such a greeting would over- 
step the bounds of social and family ties and infringe upon the 
rights of a far more numerous branch of our Association. 

At the taking of the 1910 census of Newbury (Vt.) the re- 
turns gave us a population of 2035, and of this population the 
descendants of Richard Bailey of Rowley numbered eight souls, 
and another one has come along since, increasing the number to 
nine and the joys of our small family circle a thousand fold. 

At former meetings I have exploited our branch of Richard's 
family, and my exploitations have been made a part of the 
printed record ; therefore, unless something new can be said, 
the time of this Association should not be used by me. 

I cannot, however, refrain from saying that this meeting in 
this place is of great interest and importance to me. 

Ezekiel Bailey, my great-great-grandfather, was born in this 
town (West Newbury, Mass.) in July, 17 17, lived on the Bailey 


homestead all his life, and died here February 6, 1S13, aged 
ninety-six years. Ezekiel was the father of eij^ht children, the 
second being Webster, my great-grantlf:ither, born here August 
23, 1747. It was here that he married Molly Noyes, August 
25, 1772; it was here that seven of his eleven children were 
corn; it was here he lived for forty years, and it was from here 
that he emigrated to Newbury, Vt., in 17S7-17SS. 

It was also here that General Jacob Bayley, the Patriarch of 
Newbury (Vt.), was born in 1726, taking possession of the 
town in 1761, becoming its principal figure for many years, 
his family arriving in 1764, at which time the town could boast 
of several substantial families. 

Jacob had ten children — eight living to maturity — against 
the eleven children of Webster, ten of whom lived to maturity, 
but a careful estimate made by Mr. Wells, our town historian, 
gives the number of persons now living in Newbury (Vt.) hav- 
ing the blood of Jacob Bayley in their veins as above two hun- 
dred, or one tenth of our entire population. 

So far as I am informed there are no ties of relationship be- 
tween Richard of Rowley and John of Salisbury, nor between 
Jacob and Webster ; hence you may comprehend why the 
speaker may well practise modesty in bringing greetings from 
the Jacobs unless delegated to do so, or if perchance he is the 
only Bailey present from Newbury (Vt.) he would certainly 
assume the responsibility and pleasure of bringing to you most 
cordial and Godspeed greetings from them all. 

The reason for this excess in our population of the descend- 
ants of Jacob at the present time is not because a large portion 
of our family are serving time in penal institutions, — therefore 
not at large, — but rather because the other family clung to the 
old rooftree and were more prolific. 

Twelve years ago (1899) I made a careful canvass of all the 
descendants of Webster Bailey, living and dead, and found the 
number to be 217. Could the same canvass have been made of 
General Jacob's family, I have no doubt but that the number 
would have been equal to that of the Continental Army at the 


time that Ethan Allen took Ticonderoga, and of which army 
Jacob Bayley himself was a heroic leader. 

The only joining hands by and between these families was 
when Ezekiel, a son of Webster, married Lncy, a granddaughter 
of Jacob, and lived in peace many years, but, much to my regret, 
no offspring blessed their home. I would like to have seen what 
such a progeny would be like. 

The year 1761 was a prolific one for the granting of township 
charters in the New Hampshire Grants (now V^ermont). Several 
of these towns are now celebrating the 150th anniversary of the 
granting of their charter, but of the fifty-three townships char- 
tered in that year not a single one was settled during that year, 
and many of them not until several years had elapsed. 

Next year (1912) Newbury (Vt.) proposes to celebrate the 
150th anniversary of its settlement by an Old Home Week gath- 
ering and the marking of historic spots. 

Newbury is small in population, but great in area, being the 
fourth in size in the state ; it is even greater in the wealth of its 
history and citizenship. Its eastern shore is bathed in the waters 
of the Connecticut River, where begin its broad intervales which 
push westward seven or eight miles to an elevation of a thousand 
feet. The Boston & Maine Railroad skirts its eastern boundary, 
trailing along its river bank, and the Montpelier & Wells River 
Railroad skirts its northern boundary ; she has four railroad sta- 
tions and six post-offices ; about one half her population resides 
in her two villages (Newbury and Wells River) ; her farms and 
farm buildings are the best in the valley. 

When you of this Commonwealth of Massachusetts were in 
the exceeding earnest period of your settlement, what is now 
Vermont territory was in its prehistoric state, a vast wilderness 
park of 10,000 square miles, through whose valleys and over 
whose mountain trails roamed the native North American sav- 
age in all his unhampered primeval glory. 

Then came the Caucasian, .some bringing the news of the 
gospel of Nazareth, .some holding aloft the lamp of learning, 
and still others promulgating the arts of civilization, and com- 


municating the accursed vices of the white man, — all more or 
less determined on conquest, regardless of the cost in treasure 
and in blood. 

Among the pioneers in a part of this wilderness park known as 
the Coos country were frontiersmen, men whose lives, though rug- 
ged and stern and strenuous, had been lived in the warm, mellow 
sunlight of a humane brotherhood, who believed that an Indian 
was entitled to a square deal. Such a man was Jacob Bayley. 

Some enthusiastic but truthful writer has said that Vermont 
was the scenic playground of New England, another has said 
that the Connecticut Valley was the marvelous panoramic route 
to Paradise ; and may I be permitted to add that I believe New- 
bury is the Eden spot of the universe, full of glorious history, 
grand men and women who live in contentment midst God's 
unparalleled handiwork. It is planned by tiie descendants of 
Gen. Jacob Bayley, at our next year's celebration^ to erect and 
dedicate a suitable memorial to their illustrious ancestor, in 
which all Bayleys will join, for he was the most heroic and 
historic of them all ; and in which the people will join, for he 
was the noblest Roman of them all. 

At the invitation of the Secretary, Mr. Frederic P. Wells, 
historian of the towns of Newbury and Peacham, Vt., had very 
kindly prepared the following comprehensive address on General 
Bayley's services during the Revolutionary War, which in Mr. 
Wells' absence was most acceptably read to the Association by 
John W. Bailey, Esq., of Topsfield : 



Bayley during the Revolutionary War, — prepared 


bury, Vt., the author of the History of Newbury, Vt. 

The service which General Jacob Bayley rendered to his 

country in the Revolutionary \Var was of such a character, and 


performed in a quarter so remote from the theater of military 
operations, that it has escaped the attention of historians. But 
it was none the less important, for, ^vithout his sagacity and self- 
sacrificing patriotism, the annals of the War for Independence 
might have included a fearful chapter upon the horrors of the 
conflict in the Connecticut Valley. It is necessary in entering 
into the details of his work to consider that there were no bril- 
liant achievements in his career to captivate the imagination. 
He surprised no forts, made no speeches, commanded no armies, 
but simply went about the business of the war which fell to 
him, with the same resolution, sagacity, and thoroughness with 
which he transacted the affairs of his daily life. He saw it 
to be his duty to begin a new settlement in a remote quarter 
of New England, and he did it. Duty called him to take a 
prominent part in the protection of the frontier, and he at- 
tended to the call, without thought, apparently, of fame, and 
indifferent to the means by which his work would be known 
to posterity. 

At the outbreak of the Revolution, the towns of Newbury and 
Haverhill, which Bayley and his associates had founded in the 
upper part of the Connecticut Valley, were practically the out- 
posts -of civilization in the Northern wilderness. The settle- 
ments had grown with remarkable rapidity, considering that a 
space of sixty miles, without an inhabitant, separated the first 
settlers from their nearest neighbors. The cleared intervales on 
the river invited settlers, and by the year 1775 the two towns 
numbered a population of nearly eight hundred souls, a hardy 
race, a people of sterling character, whose first act was to found 
a church, and in twelve years there was good society, and also 
schools, roads, framed houses, and all the adjuncts of civilization 
in that day. Indeed, James Whitelaw, the leader of the Scotch 
colony which settled Ryegate, himself afterward one of the most 
prominent men in the state, gives testimony as to the prospects 
and character of the community. He had traveled through the 
colonies as far as South Carolina, and writing to Scotland from 
Newbury in December, 1773, stated that, considering the new- 


ness of the settlement, the people at Coos were living in larger 
comfort, and with a greater abundance of what was necessary 
than those of any place he had visited. A still further testimony 
to the character of the people is shown by the fact that the 
Scotch-American Company selected that next town north of 
Newbury as the most desiral)le location for settlement, for they 
liked the Newbury people best of any they had seen, as their 
ways conformed more nearly to those they were accustomed 
to in Scotland. When the war broke out, scattered settle- 
nients had pushed their way far up the river, and people had 
begun to clear land in several towns in what is now Caledonia 

Beyond them, to the French settlements along the St. Law- 
rence, stretched a wilderness of wooded hills and uplands, deep 
valleys, and high mountain chains, the sources of rivers flowing 
East and West. It was a wilderness, but not a pathless one. 
Threading the forests, fording the streams, crossing the moun- 
tains, but always in the best location for travel, ran a network 
of Indian trails, intersecting and dividing, by means of which 
the men of the forest made their way, and along them hundreds 
of captives had been hurried to Canada. 

They would thus furnish a ready means by which Canadian 
troops and Indian bands might invade the settlements on the 
river, which were thus in the path of danger. 

Without entering into details, which would fill a volume, it is 
enough to say that througli the bravery and military experience 
of Jacob Bayley,the frontier was defended during the war. He 
secured the friendship of the Indians, many of whom became 
valuable aids, and established a system of patrols, by which the 
wilderness was so carefully watched that no force strong enough 
to do much harm ever penetrated to the settlement. Il was at 
his urgency, and largely at his expense, that a military road was 
constructed from Newbury to Canada line, which remains to 
this hour a monument to the patriotism of the pioneers of those 
early days. By this means, not only the settlements of the 
Connecticut Valley, but the whole of southern New England, 


were protected from invasion. By the testimony of the British 
in Canada, it is evident that he was regarded as the most dan- 
gerous man in this region. 

The instructions of Burgoyne to Colonel Baum, and the for- 
mer's testimony before the Committee of the House of Commons 
upon the conduct of the war in America show that the Valley 
of the Connecticut was, north from Brattleboro, considered as a 
most valuable prize, and at the same time an invasion was too 
dangerous to be attempted. For the security from the ravages 
of war which the Connecticut Valley enjoyed during the strug- 
gle for Independence, it was indebted, more than to any one else, 
to General Bayley. 

He organized the militia of the river towns, and skilfully 
arranged the scattered forces in such a manner that each man 
should serve a few days each year in guarding and scouting; 
reviewed the work, and directed the operation of his subordinate 
officers, raised stores and provisions for the campaign against 
Burgoyne, and his hand is seen in all the military operations in 
the Connecticut Valley. 

It is well, indeed, that the numerous descendants shoidd unite 
in measures tending to rescue from oblivion the acts of this 
remarkable man. His ashes rest under a crumbling stone, upon 
which the dates of his birth and death are both incorrectly given. 
None of his sons or grandsons appear to have taken any interest 
in securing his records and military [)apers from destruction, and 
it is within the knowledge of the writer that large cjuantities of 
his papers were used to kindle the domestic fires of one of his 

General Bayley seems to have been indifferent to his own 
fame. He kept no journal, wrote letters only when necessary, 
but did the duty which came to him as a soldier, a pioneer, a 
deacon in the church, or as a judge upon the bench. Unlike 
some of his contemporaries, his patriotism has never been ques- 
tioned, or his acts required vindication. 


A unanimous vote of thanks was extended to Mr. Wells for 
his able and interesting paper, and the Secretary was instructed 
to communicate the same to Mr. Wells. 

Mr. Walter E. Robie of Waltham was then called upon and 
presented the following memoir of James Dyas Bailey : 


I have been asked to write a short notice of James Dyas 
Bailey, a member of the big Bailey family, who died at his 
home in San Francisco, Cal., on February 7, 191 1. 

James Dyas Bailey was born in East Boston on July 16, 1839, 
the oldest but one of a family of ten children born to Edwin 
Bailey and his wife, Margaret Dyas Bailey. 

Edwin Bailey was born in Scituate, Mass., on the old farm 
which in 1670 belonged to John Bailey, his ancestor, and which 
has been occupied by the Bailey family to this time. When a 
yoimg man Edwin Bailey went to Boston and learned the trade 
of a carpenter, later becoming a builder of considerable promi- 
nence there, but about the year 1858 he returned to Scituate, 
built a new house on the site which the old house had occupied 
for one hundred and twenty years, and became a farmer. 

James Dyas Bailey attended the Lyman School in East Boston, 
from which he graduated in 1852, when thirteen years of age, 
taking the Franklin medal of that year. 

He says of himself that " desiring to see something of the 
world I shipped as cabin boy on the ship Lowell for a voyage 
to the East Indies." 

I do not know how long he remained a cabin boy, but prob- 
ably not a great while, as he appears to have been an ambitious 
boy and was soon a sailor, able to reef topsails in a gale of wind 
off Cape Horn, and appears to have passed rapidly through the 
various grades of sailor life, becoming an officer and sailing on 
some of those splendid clipper ships which in the years between 
1850 and i860 were the pride of the American people. After 
his voyage on the Lowell he sailed to China on the famous 



clipper ship Flying Fish. His next ship was the Quickstep, 
and after that he sailed on the Nabob, all in the China tea 
trade. It was while he was second mate of the Nabob that 
she was dismasted in the Indian Ocean, and for his good work 
at that time he was presented by the owners with a valuable 
chronometer watch, which, I think, he carried always after- 

He next sailed as first mate of the ship Magenta when he 
was about twenty-three years of age, going around Cape Horn 
and up the Pacific Ocean to San Francisco. Here, after ten 
yecirs of sea life, he decided to remain on dry land and soon 
became interested in the business of insurance, taking a position 
in the office of the Hartford Insurance Company. 

Upon the organization of the Union Insurance Company of 
San Francisco in 1S65 he joined that company, later becoming 
its secretary and general agent. He was with this company 
twenty- seven years. 

In August, 1892, he was appointed general agent for the 
Pacific Department of the Insurance Company of North America, 
remaining with this company seventeen years, when he retired. 

Mr. Bailey was twice married. His first wife was Rebecca 
A. Hartley and the second, who survives him, was Maria F. 
Sweetser. His oldest son, Albert Edwin, now lives in Seattle, 
his second son in San Francisco, and his daughter resides a few 
miles out of New York City. 

It may be proper here to say that a sister of Mr. Bailey, Mrs. 
Annie Bailey Curtis, a member of this Association, died in 
Brookline, Mass., on July 30, 191 1. 

Mr. Albert S. Haynes of Lowell added to the interest of the 
meeting by a short adtlress and by showing the original com- 
mission as Colonel, issued by President Madison to John Bayley 
of Newbury, Vt. (son of General Jacob Bayley). 



Col. John Bayley was the ninth child of Gen. Jacob Bayley 
the patriarch of Newbury, Vt. Col. John Bayley had a son 
Jeffrey Amherst Bayley, who had a daughter, the mother of 
Mr. Albert S. Haynes. Rev. Zadoc S. Ilaynes, the father of 
Mr. A. S. Haynes, was born in Guilford, Vt., May 15, 1816, 
and died at Willimantic, Conn., in March, 18S1, while visiting 
his daughter. He was educated at Old Newbury Seminary and 
entered the ministry in 1S42, from which time, till 1S71, he held 
many of the best appointments in the Vermont Methodist Con- 
ference. He was always a beloved pastor, as well as a loyal 
patriotic citizen. 

He married (January 2, 1S43) Marian Bayley at the Amherst 
Bayley homestead in Newbury, Vt., having become acquainted 
with her while a student at the Old Seminary. Their oldest 
son, born iit Cabot, Vt., February 6, 1846, is the Rev. Emery 
James Haynes, D.D., of Poughkeepsie, N.Y., formerly pastor 
of several prominent Boston and New York churches, author, 
etc. Rev. Joseph E. King, D.D., of Fort Edward Institute, 
N.Y., Principal of Old Newbury Seminary 184S-1853, married 
Melissa, a daughter of Jeffrey Amherst Bayley, and sister of 
Mrs. Haynes at Newbury, Vt., July 22, 1S50. 

The President of the United States of America, 
To all who shall see these presents Greeting : 

Know Ye, That reposing special Trust and Confidence in 
the Patriotism, Valour, Fidelity and Abilities, of John Bayley, 
I have nominated, and by and with the Advice and Consent of 
the Senate, do appoint him Lieutenant Colonel of the twenty 
fourth Regiment of Infantry in the service of the United States : 
to rank as such from the fifteenth day of May eighteen hundred 
and fourteen. 

He is therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the duty 
of Lieutenant Colonel by doing and performing all manner 
of things thereunto belonging. And I do strictly charge anil 



require all Officers and Soldiers under his Command, to he ohedi- 
ent to his Orders as Lieutenant Colonel. And he is to ohserve 
and follow such Orders, and Directions, from time to time, as 
he shall receive from me or the future President of the United 
States of America or the General, or other superior OtHccrs 
set over him, according to the Rules and Discipline of War. 
This Commission to continue in force during the Pleasure of the 
President of the United States, for the time being. 

By Command of the 
President of the Uniteil States of America. 


Given under my hand at Washington this lirst day of January 
in the Year of our Lord One Thousand eight hundred and 
fifteen and in the Thirty Ninth Year of the Independence 
of the United States. 


Mr. Haynes is a great-grandson of Colonel John Bayley, and 
consequently a great-great-grandson of General Jacob Bayley. 

After another musical selection, the President pro tern called 
upon Rev. George A. Smith of Boston, General Secretary of the 
American Society of Colonial Families, who delivered an inter- 
esting and eloquent address, in substance as follows : 

There is an increasing interest among Colonial descendants in 
matters ancestral. Family associations are forming to revive 
memories of the olden times and to perpetuate the principles of 
the fathers. The American Society of Colonial Families has 
been organized for the purpose of bringing about the co-opera- 
tion of all family associations and Colonial descendants of every 
name in some very distinctive and practical work. That work 
is twofold — the revival of memories and the quickening of 
ancestral pride to the end that the number of lasting memorials R. Baii.icv, Ks(t, oi Camukiixjii:, Mass, 

FoRMF.n Pni:sii)i:.\ 1 and Si:cui:rAm o\ Associaiion 

AM) NOW IIS ri{i:Asi'i{i:K. 


of the heroic founders of our country may be greatly nuiUiplicd 
and the story of their lives more adequately written, — and that 
efficient agencies shall be employed to awaken the newer gen- 
erations of Colonial descendants to an active interest in, not 
only the ideals of the fathers, but their actual realization in the 
life of this new century. The several associations will do this 
to a degree, ])ut only by the co-operative spirit and method can 
any great enthusiasm be aroused, or any very efficient things be 
brought to pass. We invite you to earnestly consider with us 
the propriety of uniting all our associations under the ausjiices 
of the Society of Colonial Families to do a great work, the 
details of which will be easily defined, once we are minded to 
work together. 

The Association passed a unanimous vote of thanks to Mr. 
Smith for his interesting and timely address. 

Hollis R. Bailey, Esq., of Cambridge, then read several letters 
from absent members, expressing their regret at not being able 
to be present. 

Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth of Rowley then read a valuable his- 
torical paper which she had prepared upon the meeting houses, 
schoolhouses, and ferries of " Ould Newbury," and mentioned 
many interesting customs of the early settlers of the town, bring- 
ing in the names of several Bayleys, and showed that those of 
the Bayley name or blood had, from the earliest times, been 
prominently connected with the locality. Her audience heartily 
joined in her wish that " long may the people of West Newbury 
live to enjoy their beautiful town, with its high hill, large farms 
and peaceful surroundings." 

The Fvesklent pro ^em next called upon John W. Bailey, Esq., 
of Topsfield, who responded all too briefly, for, although this 
was his first meeting, he had shown himself so interested and 
helpful that all wished to hear more from him. His activity is 
probably accounted for on the ground that he is a '' double 
dyed" Bailey, being descended, on his father's side, from the 
Baileys of Rowley, and, on his mother's side, from "John of 


Salisbury," which, evidently, is a happy crossing of the family 
lines, and we shall hope to hear from him later. 

Dr. Stephen G. Bailey of Boston was then called upon, and 
responded with a few interesting remarks. Dr. Bailey's speeches 
always show that he has studied our family history extensively. 
He has always been of great assistance to the Association. 

Mr. John Alfred Bailey of Lowell presented the following 
memoirs of Henry B. Bailey and Mrs. Moses C. Page, early 
members of the Association ; 

By Mr. John Alfred Bailey. 

Henry Bradley Bailey was born in Haverliill, Mass., July 30, 
1834. He was a son of Benjamin and Sarah Bailey and a de- 
scendant of James Bailey, who was one of the pioneer settlers of 
Rowley, Mass. 

When a young child his parents removed from Haverhill to 
Nashua, N.IL, and after a short residence there they removed 
to Newbury, Vt. There he attended the schools of the town, 
including Newbvu-y Seminary, which was a school of high stand- 
ing in that community. 

He was married September 6, 1853, at Newbury, to x\nn S. 
Lother, who was born in Haverhill, N.IL, December 15, 1S34. 
In 1S67 he removed with his family to Lowell, Mass., where he 
subsequently resided, and where he was employed by the Bos- 
ton & Lowell Railroad practically all the time up to the year 
1880, when he decided that his health required a change of 
occupation and he became interested in orange raising in San 
Mateo, Fla. 

He died in Lowell, April 19, 1910. He was survived by his 
wife, who died September 11, 1910; by a son, Lewis B. Bailey, 
born April 3, 1S57, at Newbury, Vt., who now resides in San 
Mateo, Fla. ; and by a daughter, Mrs. Hannah J. Trull, who 
was born August 30, 1863, at Newbury, Vt., and is the wife of 
Larkin T. Trull, Esq., and now resides in Lowell. 




Mrs, Rebecca Miriam Morse Plummer Page was born Octo- 
ber 6, 182S, in Haverhill, Mass., and was the daughter of 
Samuel Plummer and his wife, Louise Morse. Mr. Plummer 
was born March 5, 1798, in Washington, Vt. His wife was 
born February 26, 1802, in Canaan, N.H., and they were mar- 
ried in Haverhill, Mass., in 1822. 

Mrs. Page was a school teacher for many years, teaching in 
Haverhill, Mass., Salem, N.H., Nashua, N.H., Methuen, Mass., 
and several other towns. She married Moses Colby Page, whose 
mother was born Ruthena Bailey of Salem, N.H., a descend- 
ant in the direct line from Richard Bailey of Rowley, Mass., 
and, through her mother, from Hannah Dustin, the noted heroine. 

Mr. and Mrs. Page spent much of their married life in 
Lowell, Mass., where he was a successful contractor and builder. 
They were constant attendants of the John Street Congregational 
Church, where Mrs. Page's ability as a singer was very mani- 
fest. In later life they moved to Windham, N.H., close by 
Canobie Lake, where the first gathering of the Bailey-Bayley 
Family Association was held, at the grove owned by Mr. and 
Mrs. Abel Dow, Mrs. Dow being sister of Mrs. Page. 

To the best of my recollection, Mrs. Page attended every 
meeting of the Association while she lived, and was enthusi- 
astic in her appreciation of the good times enjoyed at these 

During the winter of 191 1, which she spent in Lawrence, 
Mass., at the home of her sister, who had moved from Canobie 
Lake, she was planning to attend the meeting of this year, but 
in April she decided to pay a visit to her sisters and nieces in 
Massachusetts, and at the home of one who lived in Lynn, Mass., 
she contracted a severe cold, and on the second day after she 
took her bed she passed away, her death being occasioned by a 
severe attack of pneumonia. Her funeral was at Salem, N.H., 
in the Methodist church April 27, 191 1, and interment was 
made in the cemetery at Windham, N.H. 


The issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Page was one 
daughter, Annie, whose death occurred within a year after her 
marriage. This ends this branch of the Bailey family. 

Those who met Mrs. Page at our meetings will join with me 
in saying that it was a pleasure to listen to her memories of the 
past, which were related in a manner wholly her own, and were 
almost absolutely correct in their details. Her manner was very 
pleasant, and this, combined with her dignity of carriage, will 
make her one who will be remembered for a long time by her 
friends and acquaintances. 

The closing remarks were made by Rev. Alvin F. Bailey of 
Barre, who presents a rare combination, being not only a min- 
ister, but a politician as well ; at least he has served his district 
very efficiently in the Massachusetts Legislature, and his genial 
presence and earnest remarks contributed to the success of the 

A unanimous vote of thanks was extended to the Board of 
Selectmen of West Newbury for their courtesy to the Associa- 
tion in the use of the town hall, and in various other ways. 

The exercises were closed with the singing of the following 
ode, composed by Mrs. HoUis R. Bailey, and sung to the tune 
of " Fair Harvard," the audience joining in the singing, led by 
Prof, and Mrs. Eben H. Bailey. 

" On this day we are gathered, old ties to renew, 
On this spot in our history dear, 
Where our pioneer ancestors brought the old name 
Which we fondly cominemorate here. 
Name borne by our forefathers, dear to us all! 
May we keep it unsullied and pure; 
A heritage sacred from over the sea. 
To be cherished while life shall endure. 


As years s-wiftly passing their sad changes bring, 

And old faces give place to the new, 

May our children be worthy of those who have gone. 

Be as loyal, as faithful, as true ! 

And now, as we part, let us tenderly think 

Of our friends who have passed on before. 

Who wait for us yonder to welcome us home 

When our labors and sorrows are o'er." 

The following tribute to the memory of Mr. WiUiam Wallace 
Bailey, whose death has already been referred to, was received 
too late to be read at the gathering, but is properly made a part 
of this report, and will be appreciated by all who had the pleas- 
ure of knowing him : 


William Wallace Bailey was born August 26, 1S32, at Rut- 
land, Vt., and died March iS, 1910, at Brooklyn, N.Y. His 
father was William Wallace Bailey and his mother Betsy But- 
man, both of Rutland, where they lived and died. In early life 
Mr. Bailey showed a decided inclination towards mechanics, and 
when a mere lad of twelve built a clock for the village church, 
which, it is said, kept good time for mnny years. This was the 
beginning of a long life of industry and perseverance, residting in 
a well-earned reputation of note as a consulting mining engineer. 
In this capacity he was at different times connected with some of 
the most important engineering feats of the country. At the 
time of the construction of the Hoosac Tunnel he was superin- 
tendent of the Burleigh Rock Drill Company of Fitchburg, 
Mass. The air compressors and drills of this company were 
used in this remarkable work, and Mr. Bailey had charge of this 
department. When the last two divisions of the tunnel met in 
the center of the mountain he was one of the first persons to 
pass through the opening. He was also connected with the 
building of the Brooklyn Bridge and the excavations at Hell 
Gate, together with the opening up of many of the silver and 


copper tiiifi^o of Lake Superior, the mining machinery of which 
he had charge being used in all of these stupendous undertak- 
ings. He spent a number of years in California, living in San 
Francisco, where, as a mining expert, he was connected with 
many important mining enterprises : chief among them were the 
gold mines of J. B. Haggin and the quicksilver mines at New 
Almaden. The last business with which he was connected 
was the De La Vergne Refrigerating Company of New York, 
with which company he was associated for several years, thus 
rounding up a life of wide influence and interesting personality. 
He never held any public office, but was always keenly alive to 
his country's welfare. Quiet and retiring by nature, kind and 
courteous to every one, it may be truly said, he never had an 
enemy, but has left behind a host of loving friends who will 
always cherish his memory. 

Thus closes the report of the thirteenth gathering of our 
Association, one of the results of which we trust will be to 
rescue from careless and undeserved neglect, and to perpetuate 
through all the coming years, the memory of the life and self- 
sacrificing public services of General Jacob Bayley.