Skip to main content

Full text of "A Chronological Treatise Upon the Seventy Weeks of Daniel: Wherein is Evidently Shewn the ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on Hbrary shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/| 


Tappan Presb.Assoo. 




• rr)37 





[ Tappaii .-.^ 

Ifrcsenlid ly HON. 
From Library of ( 


^\ 1^. ^ 3 i ; 




Seventy Weeks of D A N I E L i 

V/haan ii evidemlj' IL«wn 

The Accompliflimcnt of the predi^ed Events, 


Of the CuTTtNo Opr oFthe MESSIAH after the 
prcdi^d VU Wteh and I.XII Ifeeist Kcordiog to the 
Express Letter of the PKopBBcr> andinnK^ 
exa£tAgteementwuhProi.£-Jlf7*s Csdodj 

Of the Desteuction o{ Jermfidtmhy theiEoMMw* 
Inthetzxth, orfeparate One-Weeki 
la the LiTTERAt> Obvious, and Primart Seole; 

CHowEvER thisbcErouiidlellljrcall'duiQueftion 
by a luc Writer, ma Discourse of [be GrwMir 
«kJ Reafitis tf the CbrifiioM HeHpm;) 
In aparticiiUr DiSQijisiTioN tipDn the Three latcft Hy- 
pocbeles of thefe Weeks publilncd among us, vix. 

ThMof thtldteLeMnudBijhef Lloyd ; 
7%M of tbt Iste Learmd Dr. Pridbaux; 
AidtMttf the Reverend Mr.L AM CAST BK* 

All which Hypothefes arc here fuUv conlidcr'd ; And the lace 
fiilhop Lloyd's is generally uippwtcd ana eftaUiflicd. 



Suited to the Wh o l e. 

Redor of Ntmntom in Gtom^firirt. 


Printed for Tames Knaptom, at the CVkow in St. PW; 
Cimrch-yard. MDCCXXV. 

\ » 

"B S 

*♦. > 



Wherein is ecea/wndlfy Jbewn The XJnreafonable- 
nefsy tmd Groundlefsnejs of a Late ff titer {a). 
His calling in ^uejiim the Accomfli^ment of 
this *PROTHECT, In Mf Litteral, 
«w/ Primary Senfe of it. 

' HERE having^ been formerly fet forth 

a brief Expofition of the Sevtmj Wttkf 

\ of the Prc^Aecy of Diaml in the Chro- 

i nc^ical Tablci, (jt) by me puUifhed 

[ luidsf the Dire^ion df the bte Bilhop 

I LLO TD (c), and there having been 

■ alfo giT'n to the PuUick by the late Dr. 

PriJetmx (d), a vffy ebboraic, but in all refpe^ a very dif- 

fcRitt Emofitioo of thefe WeelcSi and fince that aUb a third 

Hypothefis of them by the Reverend Mr. Lttuc^er 'e)f Ic 

haxn been therefore thought by fome incumbeat on me to 

wpear in vindicaticn of the late Biftiop's Hypothelis of 

tnefe Weeks : Efpecially as to them the fame luth appeared 

on all accounts to approve it felf infinitely beyond either Mr. 

lMK^er% oTCveaI>T.Prideaifi^s; or indeed any other Hy- 

pothefis that ever was yet extant of the iaid Seventy Weeks. 

A I And 

W O! t Book (OiHTd. :j liifcimf, ,f th, Gr«ad,. dmJ Rmfm «/ (*( Cbriflua 
tifligim, li] ThdcT^lMWcTePiiiuedai Oxftrd Inihe Vni 1714' 

(0 BiAiopof W^iTcifiit. [d} InCoB.Hiit.Vi4. 1, p. atii. ^(. (<J la 

bJiChiMi, E%}rMikiSrrcnirWeckt, 

:"•: .i 



iy The THE EA C E. 

And as in order ther^un^p I was at the firfl: thus ^encou- 
raged, and perfuaded to draw up the following Treatife ,• {6 
now by their Approbation ,of it, I am prevailed with to 
let it go Abroad into the World. 

1 do fo, however not without fomc relu(3:ancy, by rea- 
fon of tl>c method whick 1 have here us*d : whereby, while. 
I am paying a juft deference to the confummate Judgment of 
the dcceat'ed Biihopj I inay yet be thought to be wanting in 
refpeft, and good manners to the Living (/), or the now 

deceafed (0* 

But were it really (o with me, I Ihould be ftill very 
unwilliiig thus to appear in Publick. — 7- I dp fincereiyjpro- 
fels that I retain a moft juft value for the memory ot the 
learned Dr. Prideofix. Ai\d if I did not, I ftiould be An- 
gular from all Mankind. His other (h) ufeful Labours 
challenge ap uiiiverfal Efteem ; more particularly do fo his 
late Books juft now referred to ; Colledions thefe fo valua- 
ble, that 'twfire almoft a Crime, 'tis doubtlefs a piece of felf- 
injury, for a Man of JLearnlog to be without them. But 
this particular (1) part of iti muft, and do except againft: 
as I have done equally agaiuft Mr. Lancafier*$ Effay on thefe 


I pefiuade my felf, that he will however pardon me the 
liberty that I have taken with his Eflay . •Tis no more thai> 
I have done with Dr. priJeaux's Hypothefis alfo. And t 
am therefore the more inclined to promife my felf that he 
will take it no otherwise tjian in good part. 

I have aimed as much as pombly I could, at a fair and 
exad View, or Reprefentation of the (everal Hypothefes un- 
der Examination : being no otherwife concerned in favour 
of the late learned Biihop's, than as zealous of Truth; and 
therefore zealous of this Hypothefis, its appearing in a much 
clearer, and confequently tuUer Light, than it was poflible 
for it to appear in, when fet forth only as above in a compen* 
dious Chronology. 

(f) Uu Ldmajter, (gyDr.PrUedtix. A^. B. The Reader will find chat 

the greateft part of ihis Treatife was printed ofF before Dr. Ptideamx^s Death, as be i« 
here oto mentioo'd as Mr. Dean ot Norwich^ . Iiis therefore defir'd that in fuch menti- 
on made of Dr. Pr}deaux% he will al\fra^s underftand the tate Mr. Dean of KtfrmUh. 
[h) Life of lAahQTnct', theMarm. ArundeUana publidied hf him ; a!nd other ufefol Tnftl* 
v/rifi by him. \i) Vik, from p. a6i, &€. fofar a»bc treats of thcfcWeeks. ' 


t will not lay but that this might have been ddhe'in a- 
nother Method, and without any the leaft regard 'hkd to the 
other Hypochefes here concerned, .. But foraImtic(f sfefuch 
is the nature of fome things, that they are i8uftrg<cid'by 
Comparifon, and Co I think it is very much in the Cafe' be- 
fore us ; I could not therefore but Tall into this Method ; 
in order to Ihew with relpeft to Dr. Prideanx's Hypothec 
iis, the manifeft Failings, and Imperfe&ionsof hisjf^irr^rittf 
Senfe, and AccompHlhment of the exfrefs CharaSiers of this 
Prophecy ; and with relpeft to the Jate Biihop Uojd's, to 
fopport and eftablifli his littcral^mk of them. . 

Nor was this Method lefs neceflary with refpeft to Mr. 
Lahcajier*s Hypothefis alfo : As his coming forth after the 
other two, and efpecially as being exceedingly different from 
them in every rei^eft, ought alfo to have exceeded them 
in Truth, and Perfedbn, Both of them came forth ifter 
the late Biftiop's. And yet how Ihort of his they are 
both of them, I leave with the unprejudiced Reader. 

1 will however here be bold to fiy it, for *tis what will 
iurely be made out in the enfiiing Trea.tife, that both Mr. 
Lancafiers, and alfo Dr. Prideaux^s Hypothefis of thefc' 
Weeks are demonftrably incoilfiftent botn with the £x- 
frefs Letter of this Prophecy in point of Expofition, and 
alfo with Ptolemfs Canon in point of Time, or of their re- 
fpeftively and exprejjlj affigned Accbmplifhments of the fe- 
Veral parts of it. 

: On the other hand, as to the Hypothefis here eftablirfi- 
ed» which in a fmall Point only excepted ( kS) entirely owes 
it's Original to the late Bifhop Llojd^ it will be found to 
have this twofold Harmony peculiarly recommending it, 
^hich never had any Hypothefis of thefe Weeks yet ex- 
tant ; and without which no Hypothefis of them can ra- 
tionally, and unexceptionably recommend it felf ; and that 
is it's entire Agreement both with Scripture, and with this 

I have, I hope, fully made good this Aflertion in the fol- 
lowing Treatite, in every Part, or Period, of this folemn 

A 5 Pro- 

{ky yix. the late Bifhop Ijis Ending the Seven U^eeks in the Prophet Malaehl*s writitjg 
}ni Bpok at the diftance of Seven ffeekst or firty nine Years trom the gtin^ forth ^ 
the Commandment to rebmld JcruQlem in the twentieth Year of .^irtaxemes {Lqm^ 
gtmanns) King of I'erjia : xVs to which fee p. i6jt in the cnfuing Ttcatifc. 

n The "PRE FACE- 

Prophec]f : taking every theitin predicted Event in itsplaim 
tiatifra]) and eafy Senfe, and ei^ent Series of Ohler> as there 
lying before us. And if this be not ^ raional way qi 
procee<&)g Kere, and indeed the only way fcnr us to igau^ 
and underfimdy as in the Prophecy (I) wc are expreflly 
directed, no doubt both for our greater Attention^ and 
Encouragement in ordeir to attain unto the Knowledge^ 
and Underftanding of it, I am truly at a loft to fay, or 
even to conceive what is fo. But if this be alloweci, and 
upon rational Principles it cannot be dkliliowed, then I am 
not without hopes that I have made good the Aflextion : As 

In that momentous (m) part of it, which relates im- 
mediately to our blefled Redeemer, and to the. precife time 
of his SufferingSy in the Prophecy (») fignified to us by 
the cutting off §f the Meffiah after the fizttm Weekfy ^i9fd 
thrcefcore and tTVo Wetks therein appointed for' ii# fo 

In tfie two different Fates erf' rfie Hdf Citj^ after the 
Babjlonijh Captivity, the predided Reftoration of her Build* 
ings to the condition they were in before her Deftrtu9ioA 
by the Babjlonians (o)y and again her final Subverfion long 
after by the Romans (f), as alfo predt(5ted in the Prophe- 
cy : the former within the fJrfl Period of it, or the firfl 
Seven Weeks thereof {q) ; the latter in the frforjue om Week^ 
(r), or laft of the Seventy .Weeks of this Prophecy. And 
this latter Event, w*. the final Defirniiim ^/ Jerufalem in 
the faid Week had its general AccompKikment, and the 
feveral Exprefs CharaSlers of it had their particular Com* 
letion alfo moft truly, and exadly ; as tnefe things may 
e leen at large in their proper Places hereafter ; and in thcit 
.OBVIOUS, and LITTERAL5'r»/f, and queflionlefs al- 
fo in their PRIMARY Sfnfe : However this btf*doubt- 
ed, if not infidioufly denied by a kte Writer (s) in con- 
fequence of his daring, but groundlds Affertion of there 


-(/) D«a». ix. zf^' (m) It is of great Moment for the Convidion of 3^e»« 

acd ocher Infidels^ who rejefi the Faith of Chrifij to have this Prophecy well cleai'd* and 
in-ade out : for the Conveilion of the Jetts eipecially, as this Prophecy docb relate pn* 
marUy> and eipecially to them. [PhV. Con. Htft. V^. Ljr. &(>} (n) Dan, 

ix. 2^, (o) When ihey dejftroyed ihe Cityj and Temple in the 1 1 tb of Zedc- 

Iciah, and in the Year before Chrifi, 5-88. (fj) XJadei Tuns in the Tear of 

Chrifi yo* fy)^ Dan, ijt.2/. 5ee Note (d) in p. 3, in theenfiiingTrea* 

ciftf. (r) Dan, ix, 27. is) Of a Book already memfon'd. 



4:be "r r e. p a c ^. vii 

facing )»tf matimr afCamnSUH (#) iitwumthi Old, smi 
JNfkp Ta^Umetn^ 4s If f€^ke^/ €^4fi9m th f^rwfevr and^ 
JS^ t0 hfif^i m the Jianifr* . 

7Uh fiuth that Writepr* {jf}^ (tpi^ lis pretended) If$coji^ 
JSIkwcf isjbewm H the k^tds rf At Jevs> dnd (mhor BntmU^ 
^ t:faxiitaMUty ty ^be mfi k^rmd Mm of /VChriituQ 
Ctmrck^ "wlam mxvfdm t(^ Mr. Whilion have fskgu no fmaJl 
fmm $9fif0W9.$lm. UK ^^^^n ^fftmcmsfr^ the OU 
Tefiament are mt greumded on the Imeral Senfe thereof. 
Gtotiiis fheatn this of mtft^ if ««^ 4/4 ef the Pr<ahecies^ 
md Cimiom foettd from the Old m the New Tepamenti 
DODWEL ly mf^ti mmmt (tO WorJ^ dM {wth the learm^ 
od (ai;) Sir JOHN MAKSHAM) refer evem the famoHi 
fp^l/feem ite DA N I EL ^dfom the WeckSf to the times of 
AntiacaHflt Epipluna > whonett kt JbeotfSy that the Expref* 
lions tak^ frm thmef hf {x) CHRIST, and terg'd 
hf htm ft fomeUitf the IJ^fhrnSiois 1^/ Terulalem by the 
Kosiftdu h0m mtijf im a Secundary Spsfi^ a rejpecl to that 

• ft if b^fide iny^ pre&nt ^^tfffo/k here to look into wha( 
Air» ffHifltm, or tm$ Writer^ aad Others by itither of them 
qaotn^ one Wdf or t'other haire.faid oa this general Oc* 
^^OD* And I am fufficiemly prevented, as this Affair 
JBtth been ;dready man^'d by (y) iofimtely abler, and bet* 
'ter Hands. I need only to takf upon my felf, with re- 
^^ ^pedt to Damd*$ Weeks, and fo nmch indeed concern^ me* 

'- tub:,, ta remark how lallacioufly» or otherwile bow triflingly 
^thts Writer haik deak with his Reader in what he may 
liaye either fitly iniomatod, or plainly £ud here relating to 
€he>Amfaotiti(s now quoted. .. 

' Finfip As to Gretius, What hath he faid as to the ac- 
comphfimient of this part of the Prophecy ? — — Hath he 
re&rr'd k to the Deftru&iop of Jertsfaletn by the Romans 
onlv^ a Smtifdary Senfe ? ' ' ■ So far from it, that he 
hatn aftually referred tjie Exfrefjioas taken by our bleffed 
Saviour (%) frooa the Prophet Dattiel immediately, and 

V frtmarilj to that Deftruftion. He (a) hath pofitively 

A 4 tokt 

- (0 lb. ^ jfi. • ar) p. 49« W Apud 'Bn^kfch/i Lite of Dod^ 

, ttgit'f, f^, <«> Can* Cb»)a«f.f68 — f^6. (x) ^fat.xxiv,lJ, 

(7) £f{»cciaUy hy ikc moA ktfocd l^iihop ChamdUr, io bis Pefence of Chrifl'uniry, &(^ 

(k) InMatin%vr.,if* («) i« Mat, xaciv, if. In sheft Wgrdi, refpexic 

Chrilius ft4 l><MM«iis« a7. 


The T ^ E FA C B. 

told us that Chrift had c^ard here to DomhI ix. 27* }fi 
other rtaccs (^) of Danish he faith, flpi grm to ihe Jewsb 
(and we do fo likewife to this Writer,) /Ar Prufbet snats 
•/ the times •/ Antiochus Epiphanes, km not fi Arrr.— -^ 
GretiMs {f) goes on to expofe the xrr^^ shfwrtU^ of the mo^> 
Jerm Jews, tA^p/r reftrrmg this (dj place rf Daniel to th$, 
times of Antiochus : tfwreds the antiettt Jews^ ms he si/i^ 
(r) tells Hs, underfieod it of the DefirssSion of Jerufaksa 
iy theKoni^ns. 

This Writer therefore , plainly laid a ihare here for hia. 
Readers, if when quoting Gr otitis immediately before^ aS' 
fliewmg his (this Writers) pretended INCONSISTEN- 
CY in MOST, if not ALL, of the Propbeciis and Ciui^ 
turns ijnotei from the Old in the New Tefiismenty he meanc. 
to poffeft them with a Nption) as if this Prophecy al* 
{o were among the jiU, or the Mofi thexe fpoken of. 
Gretius hath evidently fhewh the contratyr Aiid there^ 
fore this Pro{)hecy, 'tis plairu how many nore I know 
ndCy muft be excepted* Apd had this Writer dealt £urly 
and ingehuouily by his Readers, hie oi^ht to have toldi 
them ^t leaft as much as this, when from his general, 
Quotation immediately preceding from Grotint^ he drops: 
next upon this particular Prophecy, without any moct oif , 
Grot ins ; but the only Men with him now ase Sir John 
Marjham, and Mr. Dodii>eL 

I do therefore for that Writer, except Grotins*s Autho* 
rity here: and I defire that it may ftand againft Sir Jfi^iEMi; 
Mdr/bam% and Mr. Difdwets in this particular. 

But if his fingle Teftimony be not fufficient, I have 
many others (f) at his Service : I throw in here 


(b) Viau Cb. xi. ^i. and xii. II. HisJtds i2!r Antiocho 4fg/ eoncaUmms JudcU. llhj 

At^i Adio ](VpttJ ihi iff* IdolmM Jovis Olympxi qmod Aotiochus in Tm^ tpf^Mverst : 

[Gron Jiv.Cap.J,5iifo^iif Scriptor i Mac. l^ca hsc Danielis re^idtmvua$^ fiti^vyfMi 
^q'Ufmiffmrtttt^, [Grot, ih.j (c) fljtem bcnmy vix. Dsn. iz« 27, a4 Ancio- 

chtim fntfitM trabmt Hebnei> cnm Hehdamades ibi nmumsts Mtrtim mm pojpmt wtteWii, 
ita enim mmUtan citra Anitw:\utemp9rs tmftfiennfr%& •Amnfnm Siftimandinmhmn mHrs 
^ntiochum frotnrratit, a quocunqi tandem refiamr^hUdVrh's» am TemfSEdiff* nrnmeran" 
di extrdtMm fnmpfen's. Alias atUfm Hehdumadatlkbrakm XJfiu mm agmfcit, [lb. J 
(d) Dan. ix. 27 («) Btfatit JUDJEI ^Fkftret ad Rtmama tempora home 

hcam mbifcnm retuletiMt, Daniel, ioftdt Jofcphm, uUard§ Rmmam mm tmperiu fcrip^ 
ft, & qttodper ens s^^fMt^f r«i, vafiaUimrmimhmm TJ'^Edyf;^ lifathj^mdprsctjji^^ 
ctrat, EtiummRxtidUHifiiitiaSaptrefeHtimpittam rjmCWjQRtJM FWEM, 
hwic pracifue iocwn rtjpith, tfmd <$• Chryibftomut tikfitvak. [Gioc i>.] -^— — Sm 
Deftnu cf Cbrifiiamty^ p, J46. (/} Of9BmjErafmm$Gerkardmi» 

JmwHS,Fi/tat»r.j;y,JP»i.SfHruiUa0.V&t.tx.} ^ _ . 

1[%e T k B ¥JtC E: ix 

J^kfo9t ii\ iHvi efpectaBy ,oaf tni)y leame^i ^ la* 
*doti$ Mr. Medt (h% and the kte Bi(hop (i) Utjdf 

Arid therefore what though vc are toW ay thii Wxitcr, 
linrSir 7«^» Marprnn farmertjf, and Mr. Dodwd yBia;^ 
hUf^ refmred evm the ftmoms Frcfhecj in DANIEL. 
jfc« rAr Weeks « ribt /iwi ^/ ANTIOCHUS JEPI^ 
PHANES, and f hat therefore the EXPRESSIONS takem 
pern thence bj (our Saviour) Chrift, and urged by. him m 
fereteUit^ the DefiruSiw pf Jerufalem ij the Koimns^ hme 
mdj in a SECVNDART Senfc, a refped tp that De- 
: Have they fliewed it in the Pritteary ? 

-Pirfii Hath Sir J. M. fliewn tlus? He hath at- 

teinpted it if this Writer vrill i hut how vaioly> with d« 
Reader's leave I fhall fbon (hew. 

\ have occ(£6naHy noted fome of the many of the 
ie^otied Gentleman's Abfurdicies in this particujar^ (tralv 
unworthy Qf him as he was a Gentleman of great Leam* 
ing) ^s the Reader will find in the enfuing Treatife,, when 
I-tad net the leaft thought of the flagrant occasion whidi 
d^ Writer hath giv'n fmce* He therefore calls ibrmoie 
at our Hands» and let him take them if he will as ibme iki 
of tbnn here fbOow. 

In the be^nMhff of his Expofition (I) Sir J. M. ha- 
ving firft laid hold on a miflak^Q> and (jn) ^roundleis Di- 
vifion erf" the two firft Periods of thefe Weeks,, and in 
the next place having quoted TermlUan (nj for' his miib- 


{«) Id Hot. Ekt. {h) Lth* iii. c. r. In fine. — Item In Ddm'ets Weeks, m 

thcExpofidonof v. 27. p. 706 £dit. 1671. (i) As the Reader will feeinthe 

third pan of the enfiung Treatile. (k) For 10 cake Sir 7. M^ I^poch^ la 

every pardcular would be furely to weary the Retder* and after all be of no Service «• 
him. A hw Inftances may (iimce go (hew with bow liule Reaibn chia Writer cited htm. 
(f) Si^ Secmh xviVf. rit. Hehdomada Danielis. (w) Aa he bathfafiaed hecc 

opoo thefnifbken Heknm Pointing ; but nothing certain is to be buik upon the preieix 
pun^MafioD. £See FrU. Con. Hiit. Vol. I« p. 34.8.] See the cnie Reading in the enfii- 
^i)£TreatiftJo the Fxopbecy explained, p. 2, 3. {n) Con. JncUtos,—^ The 

cidof the laft of the ^tpem/HMs was partly ac the ceafmg of QfmW, and Sacrifictm 
5.e. of xbe^fymrfikoftke JEWISH CbmcK [P^m.ix. ult.f And fo Tertt$Em 
tinderftandl^ it* according to his Chronology, the Seventy Weeks muft have begun from 
die firft ot JJartMS N^imn as h^sfirfi of JDariua muft have b^pn the firft of this psnmt^ 
But Sir y. M. choHg(i bA^mflotuTsrtmUiaM for Aefirfi ef Darius, yet he takes another Ddh- 
rims* viz. Ddtrim the Vttde, Thushe took advano^ of tbia that T^tmlHM ^d, vix. fke 
yd Witks begin at th^jfrfl 0/ Darius: tho* hit JP^triM is one that TtttmUian never intend- 
«dt And at the fame time he rejeded that which TertuUtM did intend, and which ^u 
ceftainly true, not only aiccordlng to Jofephta^ but accordii:^ to CM/Pt Interpretation, 
paneiy> cbarthctaftof th'e Seventy Weeks WM.fio M wichthe £)cara^on of & Tem- 
ple : which wai in Cbripi 79. 

X The T R E FACE, 

kcit bqeinnbg of the firft Seven Weeks of tbem, fioai 
the firp of Darius, (|uft afoer the like maimer^ as this Vfxu. 
vn hath cited other Authocs to make for bis purpofe,) 
as he thus fet out> io (and no wonder at tt>) he poK 
ceeded in a continued nmltiplfcity of Miflakes* even tot 
the end of his Hypothefis. Af in this JFhffi Period dS 

Firfit He hath fuppofed the Rpo^et DumeVt (0) ab^ 
flinence to have been of the contimsnce of mu amttwei^ 
tj Tcmt from his mtftakea Atvmh of Zedekiah, or the 
Year of the burning of the Temple* in his Account of 
it, visu in the Year of the NJ^n^mtam ISjt 14.1 {f) : 
Whereas BmhI then fafied hj his own uBing but 21 
3^ys C9> y And the boitiing of the Tem^e in the i i/A 
«f Zedekiah} was not 'tilUhe Year of the faid iBra i(to 
(r) : As the Reader will fise fuUy proiv^d in the enTuing 

. Stisondkf^ Upon thefe miftaken Notioi^ Sir % M. bath 
run into one as gteat with re(jped to the fhrf p/ Darius 
the Af#4lr« as* he hath placed it in the Year of the Istab. 
t/£rM 161 (s)y which in DMftieTs Account thereof, couU 
not be 'till after the Death of BelJboK^K^ry or the JV4^#- 
naJius (t) of Ptolemj {u)^ in the 209th Year of the faid 
Nab. i£ra (w). And conlequently the next Year was 
Dmiei's firfi of Darius the Midcs mc Year in which he 
failed {x) and prayed^ as perceiving (j) that the Captivi- 
ty was now ("%) near expiring. 

Thirdly, Sir y^ M. hath gone on in a miftake, to fup- 
pofe that in his miftakm twenty firft of the Captivity, 
and miftaken Year of Damtt% Faflingj and Prajing, and 
miftaken firft of Darms the Mediy Daniel (a) had hy 
Commandmem from God to the Angel this Kevelation of 
the Seventh' Weeks. 

And therefore from thencei 


fo) Dam. X. 1, 3. Seethe cnfuing,IiStrodtr5lion, p. 8i 9. M Of in the 

Yrir before Chr'JU 607. (^) See ih« preceding Notd (o) (r) Or 

in the Year b*lwe Chrifi^ 5:88- (0 ^' *** ^^ ^""^ before Chrifty j86. 

(/) See the Jeifned Dr. ?ridian*% Cx)n. tWt. Vol. I. p. lay, &c, («) In 

Canooe. (w) Or in the Year bctere C*rr/?, ^39. '{x) Van, ix. 

5, 4. {y) Verfe 2. frmntkf Fr^bct Jereinjah. Ch. )cxv, and xxhc. 

' (jt) fVx. in the Year before TAn;^* f 38. {a) Anoint manitanm sDHn- 

cfpit nt rfJfond€r4i Daaidi 4$ ^fuifiii- » - > 

The T R E Fjf C K xi 

fpffrthljf. He hath reckoned the firfl Period of theft 
Wceksj vix,. the firft Seven TPirkl$ or forty nine Years of 
it, and ended them in the Year of the Nkt^ ^>£rd no 
(b)j as bebg his firft of Cynis, or the Year of the goim^ 
forth of Cjrus*^ Decree for the Jews to retmm to Jerui^ 
lem to retmiU their Temle : Whereas (c) 

Firfi^ This was not die Scripture firft of Cynis^ or the 
Year of the yews releafe fiom Bubjlon^ and return into 
their own Laind* 

Secondljt Cyras his Releafe of the captive yewh mi 
Licenfe to them to rebuild their Tempk was not the Com^ 
tmatUment to rehteiU Jerufalem, the W A L L and tho 
STREETS thereof, the Gommandment expr^y re- 
ferred to by Ddftiil in this Pttb^ecy. 

TbirJljf If it were, it wiB in no wife fait Sir y. ATs 
Hypotliefis in liis ending therein the firft SHfom IVeel^ of 
thtt Prophecy ; which (d) evidently hegim the laid Pe- 
riod of Weeks from, (not as Sir J. M. doth md it inj 
the goittg forth of ^Commandment^ &c« 

.• ^ 

But perh^s enough of this Period. Go we on therefoit 
to the next, or the 

Second Period of tlv^fe Weeks. Thofe are the threefiof 
emd two Weeki mentioned in geoera! in Verfe the twenty 
fifths tether with the preceding Period^ both as taking 
date in Succeffion, or continuation of Reckoning Irom 

the going forth of it Commitndmemy ttc. Then in the 

end of tmt Yeile) the Event (#> of that firft Period be- 
ing declar*d^ there foUows in the next if) Verre thegran^ 
Events or Purpole of the Second Periods W«. the Cutti$tg 
off of the Mefliah ^er the foHowing (g) threefsoro Md two 

Thcfe things are as pkin in the Text as can be : and in this 
their obvious Senfe they are moft eafy to be underftood, as 
the Prophecy in this part of it evidently foretells the putting 
of Chrift to Deathi and the precile time of it. But Sir 
y. M. hath made it moft obfcure, and unintelligtble by 


{V) Before ChAfi J38* (<) Asthffe particulars are (Hewn at lai^ in At 

•DfoingTreaure. (i) V. 15. TKOM the g^nrfartk of m CmmAndmtnt -—- 

fiiAUhc SEt'EN '^EEKSi Md tHRSESCORB and TWO "^'teks, &c, 
U) Note tbac there things are Ciewn mofe patrtteularly in their proper Haccs ber<tf- 
tcr. (/) V. 25. [g) At thcfe 6i Weeks fblW m fucceflSre, 

or cofitinaed reckoiUDg upon cbc precediiig rtVtn WtsJfs : t« wiU U fees hexm£«r« 

ill The "P R E FAC E. 

bis fadfe <3ioife$ on the -Ti^xt, and mifappGcatiM of tfie(e 
Times, He hath here lb miierably abded the Text, and 
dkided the gves^ END o^this part of the Prophecy, that 
One cantaot but wonder ho^ he could poffibly away with 
it bimfetf^ if he had no turh to ftrre in it. 

One while, (vfc. in Verlfe 25) He iwds thofe words, 
%?nt9 MESSIAH ih PRINCE, adVnaum Duccm: 
Anon (in Vcrfc the^^th)- what we truly read {h) the 
'/HESSIjiH Jhdl be CUT OFF, he reads, Extemrinatitur 
ei VftlH^ (i). In this miftaken Senfe he runs away with . 
the (ixty two Weeks ftoin his arbitrary (JQ Beginning, 
to his arbitrary Ending of them in the times of Amtiochfts 
Epi^Mtes* . ^. . 

It wouU fiirdy weary the Reader's Patience to follow 
Sir y* M. through all his ^ Abfurdities, and Inconfiftencies, 
and groumttefs Application d theie Times. It may fuf- 
6ce to note in general, as follows, that had Sir 7. M, 
been confiftent either with the Prophecy, or witn him-* 
felf here, then ; 

jRrjf, The Word iWij^/i wWch he underflood as mean- 
ing Vn9Ms in one place, he ought to have underftood it ' 
To bkewife in the other: for to tiyti his Argument ' 
upon him here, if that were of any confequence, in^ 
Hiheii/ Punduation the "WantA Meffiab is the mie in both 
Places. But ■ 

Seofttdly^ The Meifiah the Prime in v. 25, as he hath ua*^ 
iferftood him to have been Cjrmsj or otherwife Zorehabel,' 
or Jepna, the one, or other of them, {(o loofe did Sir'' 
J» M. fit to the Perfon furely predifted, and no wonder 
when he overlooked the true Meffiah here) he-fliouU have 
fiuck to the fame MeJJiah the Prince however, to one, or 


(H^) Aeeonfing to the Sf^. and jfrsh, Vcrn asd V,l.« and Cooi* in tocpm* &t. 
(i) with the (?ir#fi^ indeed ; But here Sir y, M. lrav«s the CurrcDt fSeeiiie Note fore- 
going] merdy to iuit his Hypochefis, And 'tis for that likeWi&thatbe agnn dtesIV-' 
ffffiiuM bcrelaUadoufly» ai he referr'd the eeajmn •/ Sacrifiee» £at«bove (hewn] not wkh 
Sir J, M, to the Days of jtnt. Mpipb. but to the timcf o£ the Rammu* {k) Smk 

7im$ fiamS Ritms Sdcri Mm ft lent iakebmnt, Amm ^o nuB^t Ptfmhut et Vrki 
md^CMxi me^tt ', f^ anm» indi 92, aifitmu Temfk h^4muAh»Kr ji^e Sserifidmm \ 
^tjt$d am JmihftHt Mmos 342, Azuiocbuf Epiphsuxt (skmnit Jikbeonini Ju^tlkmf 
r4yjM^ft.~-Here are the Numbers by which Sir J. M, hash vcooeeM* wud> I can 
Arbitrary laf cherrts flooe of them in tUU Propheqf ', nor any ddQgtn thclcaft couotenapdog 
them* or even admitting of fitch fanded Se»ef4ad Refcfenoe» ta we fhall fer weftotly* 
(/) Sce.tbe laft Note (w). 


ne T R Eli AC E. 

other of them i^ Verie the tw^tty fixdi : a» cue and tfao 
iamc Meffifh is i|>Dkite of thnHtthout. I odd 

Thirdly Befoie he had itfeci^ tlie Hebrew (m) Wotdp 
which we rooft truly render CUT OFF» to ibt €e^ifti^ 
of Sacrifae Mnd ObUuiWi hc IbiGNild bare been better in* 
foim'd of the true aad proper Sigtiificatioti» and of the 
peculiar (n) Importance ol trnc Word> as having weight 
m it vaftiv ereacer than hk littki and mifiaken Accom*. 
plifhment bath given it. I add 
, FoftnUj^ And efpecially Sir J^ M* fer his Credit fliould 
have confider'd better^ befote he run into that wretchedt 
apd unpardonable Mifiakey and abfunUty of apphriog thofe 
Words (#) of the Fe^U pf the Prince that JbmU cmtt^ 
xqi the Ptefk af Antiochus • £fiphanes» and therein to the 
making Auiocbm to be the PRINCE there prediflecl 
(f)^ and coniequently to his being the MESSIAH the 
PRINCE in Verie 15 ; as in the plain and obvious Senfe 
of the Prophecy but One9 and the fame AhguA^ and one* 
and the fame Prince* that is Prince MESSIAH^ is Ipoken 
of throughout. This is a nece(&nr Confequence heie» if 
]B^e will nreierve the natural Senle of the Prophecy* or 
indeed allow it to have an]^. 

Now to come to the Point here. Is it not a monftrout 
Abliirdicv that Sir J, M. hath been (f ) guilty c^, in re- 
ferring tnis iacred and (ingular Denomination of Me^A 
the Prince^ to fucha Miicreaatof a Prince. I may lay of 
a M^ ^^ ^ '^^ AntiechtH (r) Ef^mes j"^— And all 
was for the (ake of the . 


im) T\l!2^ (») See Bifliop ChoMMt/i Defence of Chrift. p. 155-. 

SeealiocheenfiiiagTr<atifeiQp.4. {§)lnyer&t6. (p) Dmjt 

venimrmt efi Eptphaoes. (9) By oonC^ueooe here i for I do not Ciy thic Sir 

?« M. hach adually made jtuu Ej^phmm to be cheMefliah tht Prince i (be hath bim- 
Yell oppof'd bim to hii V»eim Dux in v. xf. by tdltng us iny. a6. cbac Dmrnvrntiimt 
Bpiphaiws tic 9ff«*ti vidttmr Uo^ Duci l/bV } and yet this ii repugnant wicb the Ten* 
as ooe aad the fione Prinoe only U tbtre ipoken of) but I fay it is a necefl^y* and fiire Con- 
frq«e&oeibr^cKed(in:Aorv gpv^. ' (0 A King of fierce Goooieoaocea 

Dtm^-WM, t^. p^^k^d^'pftft ^men-faeed^ imptulent, AdC. Ann. ia 1.}- — j€ 
vik Perj^. Ch. xirxr, v- tin K^ thst exmheth bimftif, and mAgnifiitb kin^tlfahw 
evetyGod^ and ^ffieuk9th,mnrv^llmt thinp agtinji the God 9/ Godty v. 361 &c» Sir* 
named J^ijpAuiweA Mr ^tnHfkfmfh\ fild by thefieaiben Writers, particuiarly t^ P%lykimM 
calf 'd JEfiJWiiiKf» tit* l^rMadl^n. Could tbi<>^an thui branded as brij here> with 
Ch»9Qadn otJabmf beek SaMed shd Prophane, be the Mefpah the i^Agifi* ipoken of in 
chigR o yhac y ^ arnadft'folonD Title this by divine D^ignation belonging to iKe Tribe of 
Jndahyja <)Err*Y.j^<indvthereiK was ps'ntb X>atid hlmfe/f, ij. a« it i| a^ appUed 
io Uiffiah the Son of David hj the Prophec Jfaiabi W.^. ^V ' 

«v The Ts R E FACE: 

tbird Period in this Prophacy, to which I now proceed^ 
«s he would hi?e tts t& itippofe with him that the Ex^ 
f^fs Ch^ntHer (i) of Darnel's (t) ONE WJB£K> and 
thoTe {#) of the HALF (w) Part thereof really had theic 
accompUftmieBt in the times of jtuiochtu I^jhamt^ : wheq 
there was truly a Ot^ng of thi X)mIj SMrifict (x) ami Ob-r 
Imkm, and when alfo there was (j) a fMmg tf (rf tht Jho^ 
mm^iw that mdkffb JifiUte. But thefe Fa^ in u^mti^ 
fhm*s time> were after all, the fure Accompliihments of 
the like Events predided by the Prophet (4) in <M:her 
PIrophecieS) but noc poffibly in this {h)^ as it may be ea« 
lily coUe^ from the (c) foregoing Reafons^ and as it 
smift be flK> concluded from thoie which here follow. 

Firfiy Not even the Otu W$ek^ k lelf wiU admic of 
filch Reference of AcctHnpliAiment in reibeft of the gfsmd 
Purpose of it. That> as 'tis evident from the wboje 
Icope of the Prophetick (d) Text is the total Subverfioo^ 
and utter Extirpaaon dS DMiiP% P€$ple^ AnAHUj Ci$j (e). 
But not fo as this was k with the Jmv^ in the times of 

• For thopgh the Holy Ckj did then come into the hands 
of the Heathen, and though the Sanctuary was trodden 
under foot, firft by Jmhchm (/), and two Years after 
by AfMimius (g} who was over the Tribute 5 and tho* 
thii» the City did become defcdate cS its natoral Inhabi* 
tatits (^)9 in all this^ there was indeed, yet k was no more 
than a great Deva^ion* And though, as to the Tem^ 
pie alfo, as before noted^ there was now truly a very gre^ 
P(^tion, or Prophanation of it, and Interruption of the 
Service of the true God > yet which much alters this Cafe 
from what it was with the Jews in the Roman times, it 
was as I here call it, only an Interruption. Thefe things 
were but for a fhort Seaibn of Perfecution* The People 


(i) He [haU confirm the Covenant tritknutny in One Week. {t) Dan, 

ix. 27. (») HefiisUe^mfe the Sevrifi^i 40t4 theOhltdm to $eafk» and n^n 

the Ttmfle to fiand the IdoU of the DtfoUtor, (w) lb. («} i M«. 

i. 45. (y) Verle 54, {a) VllXx ii, xi. 31. xiu 11. 

\b) yiK, cK ix. 27. (e) As it bach appear'd chac Antmhm bis People 

-were oot9 could not be the Party here predi^ed to accomplUlb &c, (d) Vera 

26> 27. («) As tbey are call'd in this Propbeqr* v. 24. 

( / } I Miic. i . I. 21. This was iq the Ycgr before Chrift 170. _ (g ) In the 

xeai \>:iottChtifi 168. i M^c.i. 29 > jtntiodms EfifhanfS having fent him with ao 
iUmy of two aad twenty tbou(4nd» ;^ Mas* V. 24. (A) 1 lAac. L 38« 

ne T R E fjf C E. xv 

Af Ooi fiw aa end of tbeti.even befim the Dearth of 
Hbek great. ^pefioTi Their City and Teinpk iMre bodi 
^6cDV«r'4» To tli( lerflBfer «tft feAcar'ci her InhtUtants ; 
CO the hmtike Dtilj S/tcrifie^ md Olflmkmc And tfao', 
it iiod been (ii^ibieed iy the Hsa^ii, yet o^ k$ feco- 
very thete eiirasd « ivw Ck&nfii!^ md DedkttiDs (V) ibr 
the Sorvioe w God : ttid in (hort the 5^nt(<^ WorAii6 
H^ agna reftor*d> and cinied on in itt as m toanertknes* 

^fci^«^, This Ofie Week, of l^Mfa/ here ik) wiB not 
Mfaoic dtSky. M. itts conceivied AcootipliAnieat of the 
Exfrtfi Cb^^iBers of k tt the times of j4»ti9tlm 
fbdwes ton anotlKr accodat dfoj viz,, becaulb tfaar^if tl 
One Weeki and alfo chofe of the HALF Week (w) waie 
ail df tfaoii CO ^kaiRe their Acconpliairoent in mt and the 
pum Week, as is evideat fiom toe expreft Letter dF this 

'Tit evident finm the twenty fourth Verfeof this Prophe- 
cv, that it was oo more than im} of Sevewtj Wieki. And 
tne Ai^el having ^accounted with DMdel for no more thn 
fipry wot WeeH befere he oomes to ^leak of the Om 
WfUk, ia Verie the twenty ievMds that therefore is plain** 
1^ the laft» aid only remaining Wedc of the feventy : and 
4GDfi&qneady the Hdf Week there fpoken o^ can be no 
tuber than a more dminguilhed Hdf^iBit tfamo^ even of 
'^be latter Htif Bart» as the exaft Acamiplifliment d[ its 
fiedided Events « that Deftrudion of Jermfiihm which 
was by the Abmm^ (as it w8t ^appear hermter^ doth evi- 
i^ntfy demonflette. 

Now if thefe preoKded Events had roiNy a pifmmj Ac- 

%«npliihmeiit) in tbe times of Jbit^^ims^ they muft all of 

them nece£&r3y have had in it one and the fame Week* 

4a onier to prove the Tnith of fuch afligned Accompliflir 

ment in full Agreement with the Prophecy. 

And if this be not ihewn> then all is nothing to the 
^Hrpofe. — ^— But this is fo far from being done in Sir 
J. M. his Hypothecs* that 'tis not fq much as pre- 


(0 1 M^, ivr 43 -— j-^. Thii WW ift jbe Year before Cimji i6s (*) ^^' 

ii. 17, • (/; lb. (>») lb, ' W Vttk 2j^ 


The T R E FAC E. 

He (nny makes Attiochm to C99^km the Covefum 7i/kk 
Mdffj in Omc Week^ in the firft feven Years of his Rekn t 
and (o ia thus accounting for this Week> and having be- 
fi>re> after bis manner accounted for imn Weeks» and fix* 
ty two Weeks> and now in the whole for Stvemj Wukl. 
the Prophetick number of Weeks Jietermi$§ed Mpon Jeru&- 
iem ; after all he makes boM to throw in a Half ffiel^of 
his own for the conceived Accompliflunent of the Prophe* 
rick Charafters of DamePs Half Week, in the latter part 
€xf the Reicn of Antiochus. 

Alafs> What is this but making a new Prophecy, inftead 
of giving us the Accompliftiment of the feveni Exfrefs 
CbaraSers of this as they lye in their conneded order of 
Accompliihment in the Prc^hetick Text f «— ^ 

However Sir J. M. having thus given his imaginary 
Completion to the laft of DanieVs Seventj fPiekfj atTengtn 
lie bethought himfelf that our Saviour Cmfi (o) had giv'n 
it a Completion yet to come, even after his time, viz. io 
the Deftruftion of JerufMcm by the RamoM. Hence he 
beftowed^ a Note here, that truly Chrifi did fo : but as 
if this would lerve his tum> he adds if) that difrift did 
this By way of jiUuficH otdj^ and that his referring his Dif^ 
ofUs to the Abomination of Defolation fpoken oT by pa^ 
miet the Prophet^ doth not arguo that Daniel immoeUatelj fro^ 
^(fad of that DefirnSion which Jhonld be by Titus, b$u 
gives m only to mdcrftand as mnch as this by ity viz. that 
tbofe Words of Daniel, (which our Saviour cited) wert 
very afflicable to the SubjeS of Difcourfe then in hand. 

And thus according to Sir J. M.^ and the Quoter of 
him> we are to underftand this Citation. 

Truly no wonder either that Sir J. M. thoughts and 
writ thus, for it was for his Hypothefis ; or that the 
latter cited his Opinion here, for that was aUb for hk 


(ml Antiochus coBfimMbit pad tan ntuUis HebdomadA tms: »mi ftdttntt repn imu* 
^n^hanabit TempUun ; fed foji anms petf ffptem, («) Vix. in Mat. xxiv. 

15'. (p) Sfi autem Uuft^iix: Ittnd to p«d^ Si^ AwftnX rwU^ 

^w not! innrnt pecmliarem a Daniele editam fmffk Pr^ttism, de CaUmitate a Ti- 
to infer enda ; fed fgniftcM verba Daxuelis rei de pia Serm ifi tptimt iottvenhc* [In 
.Ac^iiL Pan. tub fine.] 


The "P R E FAC E. xVil 

^ But did Sir J. M. fonnerly« and the Quoter fincc imt-* 
gm tfiat this will eo down with Men of Learning upon 
the pretended Proof that Sir J^ M. hath given fornis A{-« 
lertion ? 

Is it fufBdent for Sir J. M, to have laid this upon no 
better Proof than only by telling Q) us there are Inftan^ 
ces in St. Matthw*s .w^^y of writing eUewhere of Citati- 
ons out of the Prophets bv him applied to Cbrifi, or o- 
therwife, which had literally in other refpeAs a primary 
Accompliihment before^ anci therefore in fuch Application 
they had only in a fccuniarj Senfi any relation to him^ 
or them to whom they are ^plied? - ■ ■ There may be 
fbme fuch Infiances in St. Manhew^s Gofpeli and what 
then \ — — - Is this any thing to the purpofe here I ■ ■ • 
I^bdnly 'tis not« For it is our Saviour Cbrift*s own imme<« 
diate Reference^ and Citation that we are here concem'd 
wxth> not St. AUtthni^Sj who hath no other part here in 
the Citation^ but only as a Reciter^ or Recorder of our 
Lord's Difcourfe with his Difcipks, which gave occafioa 
to it. 

The Fallacy^ and AbfUrdity therefore of Sir %4» Mkr* 
fu»i% Argument here is too apparent to be iniifred on any 
longer^ in this reibed. 

The Groundlelnefs of the Alfertion is alfb apparent fiom 
the whole fcope^ and tenor of our Lord's Difcourfe with 
his Difciplesj wbich gave occafion to this Reference* Tho 
liibjeA of that Difcourfe (r) was the approachii^ Deftruc«- 
tion o£ Jerufklcmj which our Lord gave them to under«« 
fbnd was not now far oC They were importunate with 
him to know (s) the exad time of it^ and therefore de-« 
fir'd of him a Sign whcrebv they ihoiild infdlibly know ^ 
when that time was cert^y come* Our Lord gavethea 
cue accordingly* 

He fent them immediately to the fokmn Prediftton coii^ 
ceming it by the Prophet Vsi^h teUiag them that the 
"; * b Tem^e 

/«i») Id Jefmn puerum ttansfcrmr. Mat, ii. if, quod (iiao« de egrcflu popall TfrdfU- 
ad ex tjBgypto, »,/. ». I. — Sic rin fc-AnfrflH ri fi^w •»• lt^9(tm tu0 
9tMdirm In&ntiddio mwtait in Mat. U. 17. Vox io lUw^, quod diaumdli 
titid kx]d. If. IVCapOFiaie Samsritaiui. hUiihamin Hehd* Van. lub h'o^.j 
tAs to ihde ToKs. & tfUhop Omdkt'Bprf^^ if ChnAUoi?* P- ^^^> ^''J 

xviU. TJbe T.Ri.EFA C £. 

Templf^ add the JewiJb,ptfofxm\Y flunild^be then ftnall^T)! 
and irtecpyerj||bfy deftroyec^. wbm (O ihsy.fbomU fie the "; 
u^^mikttsMpf Vefiiation^.^ Daoiel /in FnmhtL^, 
fiand in the JUoIj PUfe. What was this but fen4ing theia.\ ; 
to the Prophecy (ii)> whereioi this «Si|^ had been Wore giv'a ... 
to.the Prophet as a fur<4f(^^coocomitaiit ojf. that final Dei^ 
ftriidion of Jerufdem therein determined ? o. 

How then could ^ J^ M. tell us that. the.rV ^^ 
i^r* of our Lord v^as fpoken by him in. a fenfe merely. Typr 
c/f/j or by .v^ ef jUlupm ta&j to a like Xccoinphflunen^ 
that had been before \ Could. Sir. jF^ ,^A^ think fonneriy^,: 
or will the Quoter now o£Fer to fay it, tli^t the fiib^ ,. 
Ailatter of bur Lord's Difoourfe. forefliewiag the mzing^^ 
of the TemplC) the Deffrudion. of the JcuHJb Churchy j 
and State, and fubfequent leading into Captivity of the n,^ 
Remains of that mi(er4>]e People^ of all. which the rl^ 
oi Daniel was now thi^Sigri^ was ever accomplifbed befprew 
to the giving that r^ ^ z- previous Accopipliflunent l.^^. 
He inuft have the confidence^ to fay ^y ttui^ that will . 
fay this. He muft fay it in the utmoft Ignorance^ or Op« > . 
pofition to the Truth, or hotlu appear'd from '^ 
w^t hath been faidof the times.of uhthebms Epifheimu v 
and the utter inaccompliihnnent of the . feveial . psedi^^ 
invents of the Seventy KHk^; in thofe timeSi. 

Therefore ta return Sir y* JMarJham^s Words here* Chrifi . 
could not urge this Citation from Daniel in a tfjdcMl . ^ 
Senfi» tm in a Prophetical^ and, Hifiorical Senfi ; as ipeak^ .^ 
ing of» and referring to a Prophecy of sfrediBed Event... 
jet to be accen^kfhed: His rl ^ Smm Ddmel the. Pron 
fhets imply ii^ bis Reference to that Propl^et^ as prophe«* .: 
eying immediately and primarily o£ that Deftcu^ion. of^ ^ 
jermfibm yihich was by. the Romans^ And. 

Confequently> with the Quoter's leave. . the Prophecy 
of the Seventy Weekly which is a Proplsecy of the CU^ ; 
Upamptt Seriftmret is a Pn^ecy whickin its plain» or 
•tlvioMSf litteral, and friman Sehfe is truly Jaia t^bavc 
henJklfXed in tb$ New. 


{i\ wf. tf .' fa) ETpeciallv when ic be o(»ifideff*d atlb d«c it i« thef^idded, 

Wb^ f$0Mttk Ut Urn mBjerfimd: Which wordt are wi& from this Piophccyi viK* De^, 



The TREPACE:'^ x\x 

fitA k I Tti^t difimfi tl& Pointy were it lior tfikt I 
ihodld thai ovcrlobk the TefUiQMies of the antiedt Jews 
and'tlieir Hiftorka J^Jh^^ who with m alfb itteited 
thb Prophecy of the Weeks to the Timer of the Jfo- 

As to dm'fbnhefj I \mt abeadjr'occafiomBy^ noted this 

I 9&i here die Atdiorityof ]^ihop OhM0rrv Vhohath 
fuffidendy taiAt it to fe^^etf C^^)'. 

As to the lacterj «te. the Teftimon/ of Jofefhm^ He 
hath ipokea £> dorly^ and fully in this Matter, that ic 
is iK>t a little flir|niiiog that Sh* J. M. either could noty 
or wbtdd noi: fee it. And in his Teftimony, faith our 
kamed BifliOp {x)i fPi hattc the Ttfiimonj of the wboh 

Thftt Riftoriani writes thus, {j^ ^ Daniel iid na amfy 
^ fimteU tkifi^s to come^ whkb WM$ afmmt$ to himi wiA 

other Pro^fctSy bnt iilfi &x ^ time for their coming to 

mfs. ■ ■ ■ ' ■ ■ IBf Jid ndt oHlj fffetell the CaUmity thstt 
^^ tifeS omr Nktion from Antiochus fmpn Tiart tefrre it 
«< hapned ; bm he ALSO wr^e of the Dominion of the 
«< ROMANS^ and of the gitiit Defolatfon they (houM here- 
«« after bring upon our People, &c^ 

What canbe more dhieray agdnfl Sir 7. M. than this 
IS, « againft his Hypothefis of the Weefe in genereL fo 
alio agamft his imagined typical Jlifijim only in the r^ rf^ 
of our Saviour ? This makes it evident tnat thofe Pro- 
phecies and Times of HmM^ which the Jem then di« 
Ringuiihed, Sir J. M. hath blended, and confounded. 
Haice attb the tJnreafottahlenefe* and Abliirdlty: of the^ 
Quotcr opens more and iflfifte^ to the givte| Caufe fuffi- 
cient if it be poffible for the mfting* hon aftiani^ of hi^ 
flyhig to groundleb Authorities to fupport a gfotmdlefs, and 

For its bpttcr Effea, I wiH 6nly give hint the following^ 
Q^dtation oU« of Biihop Ch0fS<r% and theh I wiO hate done 

jpith him as to Sk* Ji J/. 


hi It 


XX : The "P RE FACE. 

It is wtH worthy of his Remembrance i He^ hath K* 
th^to much ftood in need of it : And 'lU pity but his ; 
Memory ftiould be often refre(hed with it. ■ ■ i r ^ No . 
•« . where . tlfe but in this Prophecy of . Ixx Wicki ^^^ Dlwid 
" fp^^ of ^^ Drvafiatim^ the Jews were to fiffer from.tbc 
^:. Romans : No where elfoy \is 4 term fixed for fhffi Evonu; 
^' we m^ therefore be ajfHred^ that Jofephus reftrtfidto thtt 
^^ivery Frofhecy» for what he writes 'y aid thai Jefu$ Chrift 
<' had the jinthoritj of the Jews with him^, wheft he intir* } 
"preted the fame Prophecy of tkeDefimSioMi ^f _ the, Tetth 
** fie by the Romans (z,). ... f. 

,But Secondly, The Quoter hath, referr'd ns.^lfo to the . 
Authority of Mr. Dodwellp as if .he h^d beOQ here 
a Difciple of Sir J. A£ — rr— • And what if he wflr«.?rr- ' 
We have feen upon what flcnder, and miftaken GrquiKb^ 
And after all Mr. D. publiihed hot hi$ miftaken ^ Opinion^ 
however the Quoter thought, no bett^ of it than to .make ^ 
u{e6f his Authority, . , . ;, xs* : » 

But by this time it may be that he hath. had enough of ^ 
both thel^ favourite TeftkA9nies# andthe Reader»\ I foar^ too 
much of this Paffage of the Qpoier. 

-And yet, though as to this we may, we cannot however 
now have wholly done with the Quoteri for we heaf niore 
of him elfe where (a), ^touching D4f$ietsffiek[» . 

And thither therefore with the Readisr's . feave'we muft aUb ; 
follow him. 

There after a lon^ Sorites of his. ufual Bravadoes, and ibme 
kind Conceffions in his way, he concludes peremptorily^ 
and as it were in Defian^e^ in the folfowing Words, ' 
<': Tet cannot the Prophesy be made to fqtearo tp the Event 
<< they would refer ity and if wM after all be^fnbjeB ta 

And having faid this, he falls to hh ufual Method of 
quoting certain Pafiages (b) in a Senle, and t;o a Purpofe* . 
which their Authorsj^ alais, never intended. - 

Hence we hear (c), of Diffictfbiesy Extenfionsp. Difcrepam^ ,. 
cies of Interpreters^ Chronological J^etiesy f^ariety of Conp- 
pHtation in this Prophecy, from whence the Quoter wouidy 
if he could, make of none £ffed the certainty of it. 

^" Buc 

i^jyefenct •/ ChrUUwjity. p. 141* U) Qrotmdf, and Rsafimsy ikcgiHk 

the T RE pace: . xxi 

Buf hath not the Quoter moft cgre^oufly prevaricated 
'with thofc Authors, by cvidauly perverting theirmeaning, 
tttid mifeppljring their Words? Did* they mean, as he 

What though Dr. Pridmux fpafce of DiffaUties, and 0^- 
fekfkies in tWs Prophecy ? Did He conclude with this 
Writer that they are fuch as do in the leaft afFed the 

*great, and certain {d^ Truths of it ? The Quoter, 

'however Hcentious yet will not fty it of him. Wherefore 
then did he thus abirfe him in mifreprefenting, and perverting 
the end of this Quotation. For the Vindication of that 
learned Author, and by way of fliewing the Quoter his 
great Diflionour, Dilhonefty, and Abunvenefs here; Let 
him take that along with it irom Dr. Prideaux which im- 
mediately follows, as fully explaining the Doftor's meaning iA 
what he had before acknowledged on this ocafion. « God^ 
^' lays he (tf), hath giv'n hs Prophecies for the magnifying his 
*' Omnifiitnce among us^^ and though they are mofi of them de^ 
^ l$ver*d in fkch dark^ and ohflnre TermSy as not to be THO" 
^ ^OUGHVf underwood 'till after they are fulfilled^ yet 
*' then the EVENTS became SVRE COMMENTS upon 
^^ the^Text. 

Now is there any thing here giving the Quoter any the 
leaft Reafbh to make that ft)rdid> and vile Advantage, which 
he would of the Citation above/ ■ 

The other Authors here quoted could all of them, I pre- 
sume, mean nothing more than Dr. Pridcaux did in what the 
Quoter hath cited from them. * 

^ But the Quoter fcems to pleafc himfelf chiefly With the 

Words which he hath given us from Dr. Nicholas in his elabo" 

'rate fPori^ as he perhaps ironically calk it, againfi the Deijlf^ 

as we are told that in relation to this Prophecy of Dafftely he 

"■ hath written as follows, viz». ** The vHfe Providence of God 

• '* hath fiiffefd theft matters to he in fome manner of Confu-* 

^^ fion, that our Faijth might be fottnded on a noSler Principk 


— — And what of all this ? ■ ^ I ask the Quoter, Had 

-t)r* Nichols any Thoughts hereby of excluding Accomplifli- 

ments of Scripture- Prophecies from being One among other 

b 5 Evi- 


(il) What"theyare/^ce Vifma of Chr'»flitfllty, f. 134^ &t^ («) Coa. 

tfUt Vol.1, p. }o6. ' • ^ ' 

Ikm The T RWF^CE. 

v^tadencesdf Fatth, or even Chronology from being a necef- 
iary '.part of erobinbg (bch Crophecies of Sc»pture> ^ do 
entirely depend on certain Dates of Time fixt for 'their Ac- 
compblhmeht \ If tiot» to what Purpofe is the Ci- 
tation i -*-~«—« But as to the Citation it felf^ I capnor but 
put the Qseftion^ hxxw tht Chrifiians inPmr^sjrfs (/*) age 
would have been able to have dealt with him^ as to the Pro- 
phecies of Daniel, or how Jerom after (^) would have been 
able to have underftood thofe rehting to jtsfkchns Efifh^ 
pes, had it not been for Chronology* or the Knowledge 
of thofe Times f ■ £{pecially I would ask the Quoter 
jiimfelfs how his FRIEND Parphny could have otherwise 
underftood them f ' ■■:■»■■ u n ChronoK>gy furdy is effential to 
the undetihnding of thofe Pxophecks of Scripture which de- 
pend upon Time. 

But as the Quoter tells us, that Dr. Nktmls £ad this inrer 
]ation to this Prophecy of Daniely and 'tis in the fame ttn 
Jation that the Citation ismade> ladc the Q^ctter^ if it be a 
Chrcnolopcdl Nicety^ or a XJbromUgicd Trmh with him, that 
the Memah 3{^4J ci»r i;^ 4jS«r the time j^pointedfor itinthia 
Prophecy (b)? :• j 

It is phioly a Prophecy of Severn j Weeki^ There is do 
^ubtofthis^ V V 

Thefe Weeki we fay ace certainly Weeki tf Tksn. But this 
IS a doubt with the Quoten Here is one dF his XHffoedtiesj 
9$ upon the Authority of Ja Ckrc we are told that then is 
no (i) Ft^imdoHm i^ the Old Tefidmenf far fmdf ufi efihe 
Werd^ — »~ If fo, why then did the Quoter's Friend SSr 
, y. il/* reckon by Weeks of Years in iiich ufe rf the 
5irord in his Hjrpothefis ? -.—- If there be no groufid for it, 
then the Quoter had no reaibn to dte Sir J. ^r/!Suw's Au- 
thority as above. If there be ground for it here> as there 
certamly is, and very good >{k} Ground for it ; then let 
Sir J. Marfham's Authority ftand agaiaft Z> Ckrc*% in 
this particular. And let not this be any longer a DifEculcy 
with the Quoter. 

(/) A learned Heathen bom tt Tfyn in the Tear oF Chrift k^, {jg) He 

^jtras born in rhe Year of CMft j28> and died in (he Year 41 8. {h) Umi ix. 2€, 

(f ) Grounds and RealbiUk pin »• p. %JQ. (>) See <|icXttttodto>o» iato the 

c^og Treatiici p. 8. 

T>6^ y RE FA C S. '»iii 

:Waks «/ Ihini, las ate if jpbtetBd fat ic in- ihis Praphe- 

But M9tt ftfwrifl fbrdy be a Qleftion wkh bimar to die 
) ArM9 «f 7<jir tiM the Angehofendcd in thb Piophecy. 
7 'Tisdbwttf to be a mifonable Enquiry. And for this I 
rder htm to a diftinft Chapter (/) on this Head* wh^eifi' I 
dbope that he may find full Satisf^on in this Matter. So 
- tfast rins alibs I wffl not be without hop!es> that it may be no 

1 ^ tbath that another Difficnlqy^ With hith, tnz^ where we 
' ^u« to begin* or whence to reckon the Prophecick Times^ af- 

uter whkh die M^fi^^'^^ ^^ '^ ^^ ^ ^"^ h^ ^ (oU us a; 
tbtfait* thatwe)£):irat]:dearare> €X v/bm *we pk^fe ? ^^^--^ I 
teil him that we do not. We fix it there, where tne Prophe- 
cy hath fixed it : or in other Woedsi we fix it there* where 
miiie OftVroUS, LITTERAL, and PRIMARY Senfe 

atoify^caii fae%ed, ib as to agfitewith the Ptophecy. And 
alas it he «kafeth, he may kt aUb in the ehming Treatife 

:j^>.; Anii fe irfhr dU> to mtitm his Words, the Profbtcy 
wiH kt frund to Squwe^ even moft exadly to Square^ t^ ibe 
Mvim^v/cn/oHiif^leritit aadinfteadof being yUi^ to great 
DifficMlties, ic will appear to the reafonable, and unprejudiced 

; ^eadh- to in ifuBjed to very j(ew» or none at all. 

. . : But is tfaislljitier of Dittculties fo groflly doubtful as to 

i ciueftion, or with the Jews fo (aichlefs as to deny that Jo^ 
jus of Nazareth, tbo King ff the Jews^ ii>bo fitffir'd mntUr 
Poikms Pifaite, was the true AAjJUh, or the Perfon intended 

. in thfa Prophecv in thofe words)^^ tbrttfcore 4$ul two Waki 

fhdl Meffiah it vmt of? If lb, this were truly becom- 

ii^ jfeai/, br Sceptick with a Witness. — 

But as the Jews faid m Chrffi's time wijth rcfpeft to his 
Mtrades (H)y fViU Chrift when he xomoth do more% or greater 
Miracles ? m ' <. ^ . . So if Cbrffi be not already come, and 
hath not already fufFer'd fbr Sin (o% tht Queftion muft be 
moll reafonabiy put here, as to Chrifi's Sufferings, Cm tho 
things coHcerhiftg him have an end (p) more trulyi and more 

fttUy than they had in him ? Did he not really fuffer 

the things by tM Prophets of oU predi(5ted of him, or which 

D 4 he 

III. i8* (p) LMkt XXII* 37. 

«iy 'The TREFACE. 

be fti^ n hjMfi^md hfm be emer'd imo his Gkry <pV^ 
, JDamel ^p[tmiy could not iiere mean any otber thaiiHiiB«,'^£. 

vrhom only fpdce the antient Prophets, viz,, the Mejjkh the 
, $0^ o£ David (r) : Him whofe^ivrfyji^i)/* the Prophet Ifaiah 

is) ia particuUr had long before (0 foretold i and J^^iij^i 

DOW foretold the fame; and alio fit n time for its cmif^ 

The antient Jews underftood that whole Chapter of Ifa^ 

i iah laft (u) referred to^ of their Meffiah, or him wMit 

coming they lb earneftly bokt for. But whence did they 

. learn to qII him the Chrifif ixn the Me0ab, but from thu 

prpphecy of Daniel (w) } 

Alafsj thtChrifiioH Unbeliever may fee Jbis own great fol-» 
ly, and unrea(bnableneis in the vain Attempts of the modern 
ye^j'/ to evade thefe, and other plain Prophecies of their Scrip* 
cures concerning a crucified MESSIAH. 

From this rgcl^of Offeme^ lYiXS StumUing-'BUHiksf zct\id-- 

fied Mejjiah arofe their Prejudice againfl the ProfJiet DanieL 

^ They could not away with his fuffering AUsJiah the Prince 

(x) ♦ ^ Hence to leffen the vftight of the Prophecy, they ftni* 

. pled not to callinqueftion the Infpiration (y) of the Prophet; 

and even denying him a place (z,) among the Prophets, they 

, threw him into the Hagi<^rapha (a\ 

And wherefore is it that tney have giv'n him no TarvMm 
iihi butfpr the fame R^lbn^ ev.enbecauie they are aSaid 


(q) Lmke xidv. 16^ (t) The^effiahthe^tTMU i»heUhenali^d*^ — 

Of the Word -y-^i^ fee above In not. in p. .13. (s) IfaUhl{u.S, ' {#) Ifaidb 

jxiighi declare t bis Prophecy* cir, /labelbre Ctrifi. P^imV / had not the Prophecy of chc 

" -Weeks tiU the Year before Chri^ ^38. (») Viz, Ch. liii. Sec Defence if Chri- 

ftianiiy, p; 192, €^f. (») The Church of i/r4W in the Golpel (and from them 

cfaeApofties took it) had no other plgceof Scripture, whence they did) or could a(a^ 
the Name of Chrifif and lAeJJtah unco him they looked fbr» but only Arom this of Daniel : 
For there is no other Prophecy in all the Old Teftament befides this* where this Name is di- 
reaiy eiv'n him, but only by way of Type, [Mede en DaOv Weeksiu thefe Wndsl eiftto 
flefliah the Prince,"} (xj Dan, ix. j-f, z6. (y) Aftid therefore 

Chey have fled to the mod trifling Shifts here> hf telling us that Daniel didnot live a Pr»- 

. fhe$ical Life, bkt that pf 4t Cmrtter ; and that he had his Rr»elatiens hj Dreams and yifi- 
ens of the J^ght, which they reckon to he the meft imferfeS mawfer ef Revelatimf andbelow 
the frophetickf and more to the like purpole. [As to which, fee Pele'i Synopf, in Dam, 
p. 1 991 > alfo Vrid. Con,Hift, Vol. i.p. 163,1 («) Which he had in 

Jefephus'tiimei as he [in his firflBook agaimt Man} reckons his among the thritingt 
ef the Prtphets, And then *tis therefore moft likel? tliat th^ Book <i DmielUbaoA in that 
€anm of Scripture which is iaid to have been made oy Ezra, [See Prid, Con, Jfift. YoL 
*'P*33'*1. (*) And yet (h^c after aB,h^fbnds In company with the At)- 

phet David. Sec Prid. p. i 6 3 . Vol. U (h) 1 be Jew tell us of Jonatham 

Ben UzzieJ, that upon his attenipting V) write a Targum on the Haiitjf^rapha, after hia 
baving gnifliedone on the Law* he washinder*d by a Voice £rom Heaven* wluch for- 
^ Ind h^m CO proceed in that Wo^Ifi ^tvii^ this rfafan £(x ^, ticoiiic cber^n^ s. #. in the 

Tbt T REFAC E- iowt 

r6Fthis :gfeat Tnith» riiat DmOO^ crucified MiJJUh warttat^ 
ly iio other thin xhtKmtmAfMtfi»b^ all thnr other Pio- 
j^hets ? 

But is I>4$^1 theitfore no Propliet) ^caufe the 3^^ have 
. thus Aeak with Him i --«-«-««»* wlio but t^e God 4^Danad 

- (oidd liave ix4d diiiigs ib long before-^hand, as we mid them 
in this Prophecy ? Daniel therefore muft needs har^ 

- htea a Prophet of God, as much as' were any other of his 
Prophets to the Jnif$. 

It was 571 Years before the death of the MeJfM^ that hts 
CmifigoS was thus foretold to a Ye^ (t) in this Prophe* 

•^^cy^ That it was truly of that age we have teftimony irre* 
mg^^Ie even frcm a Nation of Adversaries. It is the Jau^ 
ifi Kecordf though we plead it againft them in evidence m 
that very pomt in which tbev are chiefly oiu* Adverfiu-ies. It 
cannot but be fbrdy againft their will that they vouch for 

' the Antiquity of that which makes fb evidently againft them* 
ielves in tne principal Point of their Controverfy. 

But they are not our only Evidence for the truth of ths 
Book. It hath enough within it felf to prove its Divinity, 
if, as to the age of it, no more could be proved than that it 
"Virss written brfbre Chrift's time. Even then this very Pro- 
phecy of His cutting off, is enough to prove that this is a 
^true Prophecy. But that this Book was written long before 

.€br^*s Time we have £videoce enough. 

We fee that not only our Saviour referr'd to it as Scr^ 
ture, but Jojephm a Jew that liv*d in Chris's time cited It 

. often (f } as a known Book of their Scriptures. 

Even Porphjrj^ a mofl learned, as well as the moft malici- 
ous Heathen that ever employed his Pen againft the Chrism 
Reli^toHy and therefore could not but have an aking Tooth at 

' this Book ; yet gueiTed that it might be written in> or near 
the times of jImmhHs Ef if hams {d)._ . That was a- 


^negrapkaiVnscomw^edtheEtTDof tht MESSIAH .* which Ibme Ckripians lajinf 
holdot s^aunft the yews by iQcerpreting it of die death of Clr^ft predi£^ed in the Prophe- 
cies of DaneU (which they place among the HM^iitrMpha) Cotnt of the latter Jtws have 
taken upon them to alter tbtt Fafiage for fear this fabulous Story (hould affed their Caufe.— 
Prid. Con. Hift. Vol ii, p. 5*3 7. (*) He propheded in the Year before 

Ckrifi 1*38. Add ^3 Teari in the Vmlgar ^unmt, vHChriJPi Death in the i^rh of 7ih, 
fc} JoK Andq. \w,x. 8c con. ^^ww.lib.i, &c, (//) D4««V/'s Prophc* 

cies concerning the MUSSIAH9 artd other great Events of time both before, and after, 
tfethe cleareft and fuUeft^ of all that we have in the Holy Scripniresi infbmuchthac Por- 
'^^ fHicfon. in f rocfu/f Dan.] ia Ui Obje^ioDa agaio^ (hem* laith» thev 

Years bdbie Qt/ki his Reign, chat I/lUdk proph&ied 0f 
IwihyNaftie (/).' Afid yet vhdn @<jd^ ^J ftri- 
toU by thtt Pn^het thtfe one Onwi b)' tfute fliMkI c6itir, 
and do iiich and fuih tjhii^ Gdd €hiBen|Mk dl tkBe- 
1^ to -do the iike. '' 

viU. Them God challengeth (0 to ^ the iMke, .Sb^ai^ 

yg (t9t Gods. "M '-And 1^ for Mtn^ who aoaong t(i« Ch9- 
€ben of Jtisim is of himfelf idbfe to do tMs> even able to 
fmteli timgi to cmte i 

This tMrefoce is E>(^idence biou^h here fwdy* 'Tis 
iwrhst is iilffidemly f>iiQ¥ed^ «{Kici ^ Svuknce of thisFre^ 
A£Hon of Chri^s St^gpert^Si diat iie 10M trrfy Prophet 
tif Oxiv who dedmd them by fuch (blam tiid pttdfei'lt- 
didion ib Vm^ before* 

But the j^i tfaemlelves biow better as to the are of 
Dtmkl I TKeir own Writings (^ prove that Hie liv^ and 
Prophecied before Q^mi hfe itd^ over jy^iiMr (/), In 
the Lmgu^ of the ApofUe im)y ib loiig Jfiffifrf^bmuL ^ 
ht ujfijk rf the Sngin^s bf Chrift, t» in his own Woiicji, 
Hfo bng before did he foreidl rhat the MBSSIAH jheM 
Ik cm ofy and withaBintheLangu^ of JofifhUs, ie S£T 
m TIME fir it. 

No wonder howeveiv that with the JfUH Damtl is not 
among the Prophets. They who ttjeded thwc M^^ when 
he came unto them in a State of Hamiliataon, and Suffep- 
ingsy and who alio (M/^roiight him tb them ; or in riie 
Prophets Words, tm Um ^w» how could they but tt^Gt 
the Prophet aHb> as ia effi^a'they do by underv^umg^ or 


nuft tMve been written after the F^idt were done. For icIetfilM rticjr rttlier ftppetr^to 
|dm CO t)e a Narration of Matters afore traola&edf than a ftefi^on of. t^fsoo oome. 
£0 great an Agreemene was there beti^edi the Fa£b when acooiaptlh<«i» and th« Pro- 
jphectes which foretold them. {^Piid. Cbo. Hift. Vol. i. p« i6tJ] • (e) It wat 

afeer MeftUch 'Bahuian't congracuhttng HrcdK^A upon hif recovery* i|^*.xxxix. iThat 
wasincheYearbcforer«n)97i3. Frid, {h iOS^tixr. zS. xiv. i. 

(g) /A. (h) % C0r, X, J$» xoi II. (0 ^aUb xii. 23. 

(|)^*W//Xiv. 2% xxvUi. 3. (OFAci<> DariiMedi. [DiUf.ix.i.lm 

ibe Year before CAW^y f^U. (m) i Pet. I. ^w (») For 

JPiififtftheAtfrni^GoyernoorehflrgMhif rifiirfiitg ^ on the jfwst at being iaat only by 
t&eir urging him ip ie> JM>riX^yH* Z4 .* ana tliey allb tool \t on tbem&lyiealA cl^ 
Worda (» (hdii to PilMth His T^kudht on m, ami memrCUUjtHt vw 2/. 7 

X^ T \RJE\F^ C JJ. , xxvii 

^ ia a ^tewmiitd time tui4 in all. thefe pmmhn thus 
}fh^y f^imoli tSi^^ M^9l»^ -r-- Wlmr thcybe- 
Ji^ ^Q a Crmi^ Mclliah, Jthw will, they aUb with Omft 
4f} aclliQawledge DmiW truly ,ta have been a IV(^et> and 
4ritli tbek Couirtary Maiia and U^orian Jfftfbm (f )» jevea 
One of the GREATEST of the Prophets* — GOD 
ijkafi» this in his|pod time.^ 

. In the 9iean tMae, alals, th^r ^ ih^t Katiooiume ibicljr 
Jpond i?4w/ to hffft h»^ a cn^ Prophet hy jlong and ft. 
j|g»l jE^fcperience^ f^m the veiy tinK-that his Sevewech fr) 
nWfsek was ac<xMp(f Ufr^ vsym thm* The f<aMsr*d &eimia$ 
^ that People have bwi /ever fi^cet Md fiiB ithey te Ih 
>?irpig Moimm^W of the (#) WriO^fif 43^ ynt uMing on 
tbemt as by this I^hecy sdf^ it was pn6dia»d that k 
^IMd be (liwdngr ^^witt «0»tiQiQe«bMiiig./i// lA^/jm 



t^mtdi and vwtfdi ttrangely am9ng tbemlcly«f » iqoae ij^ttrang the hdejiah In v. i^. » 
^>^««^ ttTfiMiie Body |tfS»aoC.M/fj&*k)ic Sod tf D^MA Ucau(«of iiis beipg n> fe 


ChriJ in his lufiering Soic* in order co bring him into Oiory ac lalt — Ocherc have iie- 
^cffd the wORli»iA« MaOkh jy/l« imd(h» Uira.Agdfps^ OriMft ycc ooc to fin^ 
.,££1^09% botootlie Willie ai4<;r 9^ PricftboodoitoffbyTi/ftf ;- — BtttMCo.cbcCe£9ra- 
^Ei, fee BUhop CA^Mibr'i Defence of Chnftumity^ v. 1 47» ^f* . ^ . f L^^- 
-a^ I^ (f ) SNT* Anc X. u. -^7 JJMklwi MHjminiJm ntm }o&phat 

,i»K^'' *W ••^ *^?^ 'J'-*^' ^'*K' «W' "^ t i**^?"?^ *■ ^- i%!l- 

2f & ffiottaf . » Mtc ndr. I>J ^ W Or <he Laft oi the Seventjr. A We* 

lil^]fftailai|BeiDAeF«H^ IWA> wfaJcpffiPft of tw^ pribie «f Bqgiii^pV'n 
lorjc7asinttetwoforeg<MngPeiiod«. And no wonder <hat after that the lf#»x WMft^ 
iawzW^i^>€od£tower|»w4ht««fucciftvt AooouBcof thidrdme, at he bad 
-WiNe in tfaii Piophecy/rMH rW ^*m|S i^i^ •/ 'Ae Cmtmmubnmt u rebmU Jeruialem, 'tUl 
chat A& ot theirs of thor tmtth^ kim of However God by hij Projjhct here to eminent- 
ly diftinA^Oied the Idd One Wmk^ and the lUlf?m thereof by thar txfnfs Ckarnaerh 
as that they could nutbutbe known to th# Jtws, when the Seaibn of their Accompliihmenc 
,,wa5 come> ai^ vbe-Oiscatoi were immediately accompUflied in 6dr De^£bpn )>y tho 
fifiimmi* aDiwerdiifidteQc therefore to have ^nviAced them of that Age> and all of them 
&an^aie«o tiiQC.^Dse» Ihatihar yUMskytu really come » Savimr^ tnd Deliverer, tbo' 

«va« not __ 

, )te TempJfSouldlccaccpmpttftied that which was SPOKEif 4 h <*^ J''*?**'- , , 

U\ And yet here we oansot but alfo behold the Geodneftof God to that People, who mi- 

.j»ad9uQrpf«toea«bem<twire. anduwnix'd wi^hlhe Katiowof the Woridamqng vh^ 

.IheyLar^^ner'd, againa li$ appi^ittd fecun «f ih«a into thcirowa t»d. tSu ^.^fim^ 

-T ••« 


Upon the whole thenefore, the fevei^al predided Ev^iti 
of this Prophecy,' having b^n moft fulty, and moft exad- 
If accompbihed in their Seafoos therein refpeftivdy, de- 
tennuied for them, That was furely a vain Attempt of hkl 
who from his falfe GlofTes, or miireplrerented, and mifbe- 
l»n Authorities) of which wc have giv*n feme few Inftan- 
ces above, an artful and moft ufefuT CoUeftioh of Knffu^ 
kJ^ this, which this Writer feems to be much pfff^d tip 
wfmh It Wj59 I fay, a vain Attempt of his to go about thus 
ibficfioufiy to rob us of this (t) among other Evidences of 
the truth and and certainty of the Chrifiioff Religion > as 
God hath ooniirm'd it to us, as by other infallible Signs, or 
Marks of Credibility, fo alio by this bf the S U K E Ct0) 
:W(nrd 9f Prafhecj, and of this Iblemn and important Prophe- 
cy m particular. 

Abns, He and other t^A'Difpmw ef this JPorld may doubt, 
and difpute in infinitum^ if they are fo unhappily detenm^ 
intd. They may, 'tis poffible, and indeed very eafy it is to 
render that to themfelves smcmainy which by the teftimony 
«f the God of Truth we know to \>t fnre, whether they wU! 
be convinced of its certainty or not. For God hath faid ncH- 
thii^ in vain, and his Wird in the Language of King D^ 
vid is true fronfeverlafttHg, 4tfd his Truth (ndstretb tbrcMgh*- 
sstt mU AgtSn 

*Tis not therefore in the power of Men to make vdd hfe 
word by their dofA^ul Dijpmations : no not the werd tf 
trophecj ; however (ome cannot, others wiH not fee its Ao- 
compKftiment ; and thou^ fifiaUy many who do fee, and 
bdieye it alfo, yet fee it divcrfcly, or in different views of it. 
For thefc thin^, which God who cannot lie, hath by hk 
Prophetsfrom tune to time foretold (hould come to pafs among 
bis People, whether Jews, or GtnsiUsy or Cbriftians, it is im^ 


(0 Ifattl^endof theLXXWeckstpprotchipg. the IcgtlStDauary were rized, asd 
the Jemjh State diflolved i then wopld it be apparent indeed, 7%st UESSlAHm^is shes- 
^ trniu^ mi pum \9r Stn ; becauie this was iifbllibly to come to pafi within the compafs, 
and before the expiration of thoie LXX Weeki— Not withoK caufe therefore dodb St. 
fetn lay to the Ckrifiian Jtwsy We have a more SURE Woid of Prophecy, &t. Ym% 
and btfidei* becante jF«/«i, as well as Daniel bad wophefied of the approaching Delblatl- 
onot that City and Temple, me&ciooio^ all the Signs that were to nlherk •, if tfaeEtettt* 
when lime came, (hould fair out accordingly j then moft Jefm of NoKdretht who fore- 
add the ionsoing .Signs thereof be approved as a true Piopheb by whom of a Truth 
the Lord ha^fpokcn*^* ■■- Midt lib. iii. c. if. (m) .» P§t. 

The 9RMFACE: xxix 

p^Ue but that they, mud have diek accoifa]dilhineflt k dieir 
rcipte&ivdy predi^q Se^fcos, however Men q£ JLeandngimy 
nQC have b<<n alway$ agreed in one tod the fame Scntt^ awl < 
al&gn*d accaiyn>U(lunent pf all Schptiire*Pro{^cks^ and of 
this in particular now before us. 

Such Variet]r» and Difference of Expofition of any Scr^ 
ture Prophecy is evidently owing not to want of Veracity la 
the Predidion» but to the Weaknefs,* Imperfedion, and Un* 
certaintv of Human Knowledge : Which is not always ca« 
pable ox clearing at once all facred Truths^ and Truths of this 
nature efpeciallys and of this Prophecy in particular ; which 
hath from time to time exercis'd the labours of the mo& learn- . 
edChriJiians : and that for too many Reafons here to be ac«- 
counted for. They will occafionally appear herarfter. 

The great Variety therefore, and Difference of Hypothe-^ 
les of Men end^vourmg to expound this, or any other Pro* 
phecy of the God of Truth, however they may ferve to ex* 
ercife our Judgments^ have yet nothing in them to (hock our 
Faiths or whereon to groutulanuaGeaibnabie Humour of Soep* 
ticifm* Truths andeven Prophetical Truth, however im* 
p^fedl^ explain'd , yet liaving always certainty, and per* 
l^ion in it ielf, will appear fix>ner> or later, to the full Sa* 
tisfadion of the Doubtful and the clear Colivi&ion of Un- 
believers, I mean (iich of them as will be convinced upon rea*. 
ibnaUe Tenns. And thofe I call caafonable Terms* or Terms 
upon which in x^ajton Credit is to be giv'n to any Hyoothe* 
iis, or affign'd Accompliihment of Scripture Propnecies» 
when fuch aflign'd Accompliflimeot of the predi&ed Events 
of any particMlar Prophecy approves it felt in a fiilU and 
per&a Agreeableaefs in all refpedb with the prophetick Cha^ 
ra&ers, or Dates of Time therein fixt for the accomplifii* 
ment of the predicted Events. 

Let Reafbn therefore ever com^ unbiaffed, attended efpe* 
cially with an awful Reverence of God's Word, and an ear«* 
neft defire^ or holy thirft after Truth, a Will ferioufly dif* 
pofed to receive it, and to acknowledge the Accomplifhrnent^ 
tmd therein finally, to give God the great Author and R.e-^ 
vealer of it the Ghryy 'Tis All that is asked w general with 
relpeft to the aflign'd Accompliftiment of lucn Scripture* 
Prophecies as are of a certainty already fulfilled^ and in /4r* 
fJcMlar ^ith rcfpe^b to that highly important Prophecy be- 
". ""^ ^ ' "^ " '" " ^" ~ ' fore 

The T R E FACE. 

foie Wf wfaofe full' and moft aoiBt AcecMpIifliment in i» 
all its pMtj gait cmuflo r r ai w d i to wfcorr the 'Reader tettr 
bemjiQiK tciwbled.wufar a»^alfe to thaheATttitig^ TREA«r 




PAGE^. f. ShlkkutCm.- — P. \% laft line in^<»/«i> r. aahezecl.— )?. 3f.^. T- for-' 
Hub, f.0»^;— 3f in^JVii-r. £k:fW»A-~*-36.I.a.r.l5T#; — 4i.lnK«r. (^/r.^y 
in i^af. — - J4. Nu, c r. 27 • — ff . A&*. r. Jfifhui, — f ^. Afr«. (4) ft 46^-* f 8, C. 
ai. r. Hijiorian infirtm,-^ 6u Not, (^) r. !«■» iT«.— ^/.laft 1. but y. r. 4/ii«ciiiiii<«^ 
Ki«f.^-68. Nof. (d) f(*fee, r. /f*J-76. l-ij-attcftbe^wdprecedingi AadWWi,- J 

o.. \r^ /l^ j.i^ ^«WJIi ...P' Itt laf^ lin^fnr ^i^ r. /^^.— . Tn Tliilri t A. laft Psfffifuir 



? X H - £. 

:; '•^ ^ , . V '^: XXXi 

1 • 



k t 



General CONTENT& 

nf^HE Prophecy cftbeSeveoxyWetkMiDim^lf^^UmUmf^ 
^ Hjf9th0fs tberwf as af^ttdy smlnknm^dBeim the filbmitgT¥e»^ 

tife^ Page X. &€. 

7he iNTRODycTioM. f.' 8, &c. 

jf Chaptbr fikinifk^ the ahfiragid Kdtiin cf the Seven$Y H^kfrf 
reart ef this Prtfhecp as tbe faid mtmber ef H^eeks ef Tears cmtahss 
e%a&ly four huQdfbd tnd ninety years> amithat as they eamtotfof' 
fhfy eaittam left, fi neither tan the^ cmtam more thorn that Kumher 
of Tears \ Or mother IVonks that thefeamsot by amy meamwsetam 
nVe fauficlfed years m one vieao^ and five hundred and feventy 
yean m another Vievjs as it hath been Jiffofed that they do-in aUtc- 
it/pothe/ltpf thefe Weeks halt upon Jikb miftaken Bntndateon» at 
the fiddBt^ndAtkn it here frfv*d to be-in afarticnlarVievf, andlb* 
fi M Hot ti fif*' p. itf, ^. 

Ihe^t, A T^^e Ompology ef Events mentiosfd in the firegj^g 
'Chapter, fir ninety Teare^ffeeeing theSerftnre firft rfCjrm, ac- 
' eering to -the holy Serif tares ; the Pbceiudan Annak ; Beiofus^ 
and JokfbaSf and ftdetafsCanony f* S^ and the foDowii^ left- 
hand Pages; 
3Af Other, N^ftakea -Chronology of Mr. L, oeeaMd by bis tnnentf 
Ternss rmfd nth of 2>deidah» ivhchfor the Jake of mt Hypothecs 
" ef the Seventy WeekS) he hath placed a$ Sevente Tears diftantt 
frm^ the taking of Babylon by Cyrus^ p. 85> ana tbe following 
Right-hand Pages. 


ContmmnganA^nntefthofirft SEVEN tfTBEKS of this Prophe- 

ey^ both tsothoBEGINNINQy andalfi in the ENDING of 

them, p» loo. 

Chap. I. In^ gfinerat ioncermng the BEGLNNIMG if the SEFEN 

WEEKS. lb. &c. 

Qup. li. Concerning the true Senfiy or Meaning of thofi Words of the 

Conuoandmentit /« rpftore» apd co builds (j>r to rebuild) Jeru&-< 

krxL '" p' I02, &c. 

joaAi The General CONTENTS. 

Chap. III. Shewmg the fim feveral COMMANDMENTS^ nuhicb 
m their pveral Seafins 'vjent forth m favouf </ Jeru£dem ,* mtdaU 
jfiiiufof^.Conunandment ^/i&e^^»r it wasy whkh in the licceialM 
Slid tnte Senje thereefj nuas the Commandmenc mentwid in the 
PrMhecjUfireuttdhA^cffxie forth torebuSld yerufiknhtheTFALt 
snathe STREETS thereof: Winch CommzvAtaccit*was eonfijuent^ 
If the Commandments from the going forth of vihkh the firft 
pvem Weeks of this Trofbecjf'take. tMr Banning, f. 115, &c. 

Chap. IV. Wherein are conpJer'dandanfujef^d Dr, Prideaux*/ OhjeBi* 
ans to the^Begfftningrfthefe *week$from the twentieth of Artaxerxes 
Lod2imaausK/fl^ ofPeradt ^ P- 126 &c. 

Chap. V. Concerning the Ending of the Seven nveeis of this Frofhecy. 

p. I5Q> &c. 


Which treatetb of the fiven ^weeks, and fix ty two loeekf, A$ the find 
Po30 nmnbert of weeks together makif^ fixty nine weeks confiitute the 
ficond Period of weeks in this Frofhecy, p, j y2y &C. 

Chap* !• Concemiftg the Begioning of the feven weeksy and fixty two 
weeks. lb. ^c. 

Chap. IL In which is confidef^d the Exuding of the fivemweeksy and 
fxty two weeks, or as together Jhey make nitty nine weeks^ or four 
hundred and eighty three Tears % in Dr. Prideaux'^ Hypothefis thereof. 

p. 1825 &t. 

Chap. tIL In which is confder^di andefiatlijbedthe late Bijbop lioyd 
bis Ending ef the feven weeks, and fixty two weeks, orfrur hundred 
and eighty three Tearsy the ficond period of this Trophecy* p. 1984 C^r. 
Chronological Tables, Wherein the LXIX Weeks, or 4*3 Tkars 

oi^ufied with their concurrent Julian years $ and with the years of. 
gsReignsinVtolemy^s Canon: By which particular Calculation it 
OS ^mSlly (hewn how the MESSIAH was cut ofF^ or Chrift out 
, fASSOVER was facrificed for us, at the Pafibver next immediate' 
h following after the expiration of the feven Weeks> and fixty two 
Weeks tf this Prophecv : as the faid weeks are reckof^d from the 
^yai% forth of the Commandment to rebuild Jerufakm m the 
twentieth year if Artaxerxes Longimanus. p, %i6^ ^. 

Chap. IV. Concerning the Formrfyear, by which the years cf this Pro^' 
phecy are to be reckoned, p* ^%^. 

i>fthe third Period of weeks, or the feparate ONE WEEK, or 
SINGLE WEEK of the Seventy Weeks of this Prophecy. p,2^ l^c. 
■ ji Chronol^ical TABLE, Jbevmg the particular Matters 

ef Fa^y or Accomplifhment of the Exprcls Characters cf the feven 
years ef the ONE, or SINGLE Week, v. %-], that is theLafief 
the Seventy mentioned in v. 2^^.—;;^ p. 270, ^c. 

T H E 




The Words Of the LXX Weeks of Daniel **- 

of the Prophc- plained m the Hypothejis thereof 

Cf inout£f^- as ajferted and maintained in 

/^Tranllation. thefoUowing Treatife, 
Ch. ix. u 34* 

^Evtutj vxeh ^e fl AM come to fl>t^ thtt, {ajth 

*' Jettmrnti tipom H the Angel Gahml to the Pro- 

tbj pmU amd upon J 'phetDaruel, v. 2;, fbrafmuch 

tt/ hefy Gfj, tofi- H asMt the ttptnmg of thy S^ 

J'^tieTi'amfgn^iw, )S flicetions^tbe Cunrndndutemt (m) 

mdtt mail mt tnd [; Irom the throne of God 

tfSua, aMdtommkt eOmefirtbtO me fortogo UtH 

ttamtiUatitM fir Itn to thee with the following tneflage concemii^ 
ifiitjf, amd to hing thypnpk, endtbj holy Otj, for wtiom in pray- 
aeverlffiii^ rigbte^ er {i) thou art lb fblicitous. 
»»fmfi. Mid to fiml Know thou therefore that God hatk dttend- 
tf the f^fan and B-'d 3 certain period of time for gneral Eventr 
Pnphety, and to a- to beM them therein : And that is a period 
Imat the m^ Holy. of fivtnty -weekf of Years, or 496 Years, 
l^ou Ihalt prcfendy haVe [he particulars reU- 
ting to thy fiopk-, and thy holy City. But Is I 
have withal an important mefTage to delirer 
concerning the Meffiah, let me therefore /peaJt 
of that in the firft place, as being what con- 
cerns all mankind, as well as the Jcwt, tbo* 
them in the firll place, as SMlvatkn is ^ the 
Jews (0- It is that m thefrbtefi of tim (</); 
fi and 

{4) Or ihe Wtrd, u in Chapin x. it- 11 the fime Hi- 
trtK word b ufd la botb fkai. (t) Om.Ii. 16, 

(() JMi ir. ii. Ftrtflhim luording to dM FWfa Ckrijt 
CUM. A*a. ix. J. {d) G»l. h. 4. 

2 The y 

The Tro. asitftanJs 
in our Tranflatum. 

y. ^5- Knovj 
tbereforey andunder" 
fiand, that from the 
gontg forth nf the 
Conmumdment to re^ 
forey andtobuild]^- 
felem unto the Nlef- 
fiah the Frincejball 
be VII vxeks^ and 
threefcore and two 
Weeks. The Street 
JbaU be built ogam. 


and that alfo thou (halt precifely know anoti; 
for 'tis within thefe Seventy Weeks^ God bath 
determined tofimfh the Tranfy^effim, or to re- 
ftrain the power of th? extended guilt of the 
Sinof the &:ft v^Ufliy by the illp^i thefecond 
Adamy his taking it away (is) ; and alio to make 
a full endof fn, and to make reamciUatUm fir 
the fins of thefeopk (b) in, and through him ; 
as dod hath for thefe great purpofes, within 
this predi&ed period determined to anoint him 
the mofi holy One, with the Holy Ghoft and nmtb 
power (c)y for to bHng into the place of the Law 
of Mffes theGofpdof everlajUng (d) righteouf- 
nefsy by the Grace (e) of God, which Jball 
therein appear unto au men, freeing them 
from the power (/), and by his blood firom 
the guilt and punifhment of fin, as the Meffiab 
will himfelf become the Sacrifice for it (g) t0 
the fulfilling \h) the things concerning himfef as 
predified in the Old Tefhment Scriptures, 
beginning at Mofes> and all the Vrofhetsy as ac- 
cording to them he ought to SUFFER (i)* 

Note thefe things in general; this numbef 
of Weeks dgtermifted Kfon thyfetfle, and the& 
things concerning the MeJJiah. 

I now require thy farther attention whila 
I inform thee of paiticulars. 

Know therefore of a trudi^ and underftand 
that before diefe great Concernments of all 
People be wrought by> and in the perfoo of 
the MeJJiahy thy own Feople yet in captivity 
ihall however after a litde time, retnm htf(^ 
their own Land (k)^ God's determined titoe 
(/) thereof now drawing on (m) a-pace to- 

(a) As the Jevs tbemfelves held* 2f faith ^mxt, Kert 
Shallom. (b) Heb, ii. 17, (c) A&sx* 38. 

{d) The Gofpel may moft properly be termed Rigbteoufniff* 
foecaufe by its promifesi and threatoisgs* and many and great 
helps and advantages which it hath at»ve the Law of Mofesp 
it tends infinitely more to the making men ri^htetms, tbaft 
chat Law pofClKy could for any thing there is in it of this 
nature, and to that purpofe. And it may therefore be £ud to 
be EVERLASTIKG, as it is to continue not as did the LAW 
for iSeafin only* but till ChriJTs coming again* Forthtf 
Days thereof are the laft Days, [Heb. 1. a.l (e) 21- 
ims ii. 1 1 . (/) And therefore the Gofpel is cafl'd the LAW 
of LIBERTY. James i. ay. ii. 12. (g) Heb. ix. atf- 

(h) For fo the Original word fignificth as well as to ff^ 
mp. {j) Luke xxiv. 27. (k) Jer.xxix, 10. 

ii)vix. ot a 70 Years Captivity. Jer. xxv. 12. ^ xxix. 10* 
iw) For the Prophecy ot thele Weeks was giv'n in th« 
hrft of Darim lDan> jpc. 1*] wiUuQiWO f&XH of i^JiUi 

The9R0THECrExplairid. j 

The Pro. at Ufiands wards its coDcIufion. And in procefi of time 
m 9m Tfavfla$m. Jerulalem thy Holj City now lying in her 2\/&- 

latum» in which (he was left by KehtchaJ^ 
smlthe Wall even m nazxMr the King of Bahylmis Army, when th^ 
SrwUm timttu burnt the Ci^ sttd Temple thereof («)» fliallfure- 

ly be raiied out of th^ra. For whereas this 
IS what thou haft £o much had at thy hearti 
and made it the earned requeftof chy.lips (b)» 
even that Gad 'uxmU heboid, and coup toben^ 
bmldedthy mow defilate City, Know afiurcdly 
that God hath determmed in favour of her» that 
in procefi of time a royal Ornnumdmewt, ot ex- 
pids Licence from a King of Perfia Jballbo 
ijjited forth fit the taujmg her to be rehdk. 

Therefore note thou this for thy own 
immediate comfort* and &tis&dion whh re* 
iped to thecertain refloration of thyhofy City. 

And with refped to the far more mipor* 
tant reftoration of the loil world, or the xe« 
demption of Jew, and Gentile from the man- 
ny and Subjedion oi Sin> Satan* and Death 
immediately to be accomplifhed through the 
merits and fttisfadion of a fifferit^^ ^^(fiah^ 
Lee the whole world, and thj pecfk efpecially 
look for himas fuch. And let themleam the 
freci/e time by God determined for his Sufier« 
ing» from the adual going firth of the now 
mention d Conunandment* 

For let this be noted as a fure charaderiitic 
thereof, that/rw* the going forth of the Com* 
WMkbnent to rebuild Jeru&km mtto the MefS- 
ah the Frince viSoriont in his Sufierings, and 
m his Croft (c) openly triumphing over Powers 
and PrindpaBtiesy there Jball be rechntd in pre- 
ciie computation of the time thereof feven 
weeks, and threefeore and two Weeks of thcfe 
feventy Weeks here in general determmed upon 

And whereas I have now giv^n thee two 
particular and diflind periods of thcfe Weeks, 
Note thou alfo the leflcr (d) di thefe two for 

B a the 

W a>lC£*«' »w- ^••*n<J P*'*^' plicw. (*) X>«». «. itf. 171 

i«, 19. (0 coioff. ii I^ w »*« C3*n j/n p1s 

Anguftia cemponimt the narrow fpace ot tbeCe two 
poiods* or d^e pi^ance of time : and that was the /rc;Mt 
Witku In the beg^nnlPg whereof thtWallt •/}£RySAL£M 
were letup by NEHEMI AH, and by his provident manage- 
ment the City ^u pm inco a way of being rebuilt, sn wn 
Hull fee bereafrcr* 

^ The T ROTHECT ExplaMl 

The Fro. as itfiands thQ reiuilc6ng of thy holy City. For the WALt£ 
m our '^tmflatm, thereof which are now in their rubbiOi JhaU he 

repaa^dy andfet up again; and the HOUSES 

aflb of the now naked' and ruinous /rff/j Jhatt 

be rebuilt within the firft feven ff'eeks reckon'd 

fix)m the going forth if the Commandment licen- 

fing fuch rebuiiding, 

v.2i. And after But efpecially let the greater of thefe two 

tbree/core and t^ periods be here noted," for that is of the ut- 

weks Jball Meftah moft importance to aU the fons of men : And 

Y^r!p ^»/ notfn' therefore I again repeat it, and the precife time 

'^Jp\, i^ ^^ thereof, for their more folemn attentfen, and 

^? j[ » T^» by wav of fall explanation of my felf in thofe 
tbia.JbaUcomeJbaU preceding words, VhtoMeOi^ the Prince ; viz. 
i^ftroy the Ctty, and Hoax. AFTER, or precifely in the PASSOVER 
!r ijT^^2c /f*5/ ^^^ foUowing upon the expiration of thefe 
tbe End thereof JbaU threefcore and two wekt, Med to tht forest- 
be With a food; and ing feven weeks, Jball the MESSIAH be cut 
unto the end of the ^f: [cructfleS] {a), Fdras I before told thee. 
War, Defilattonsare xSaitfrom the going forth of the Commandment 
mermmd. now mentioned, there muft be reckon'd feven 

weeks, and threefeore and two weeks unto MejP» 
fiah the Frince triumphing on the Crofs (h), fo 
I hereby confirm the feme, by expreflly de- 
claring unto thee, and to all mankind, that of- 
ter ihokfiven weeks, and threefeore and two 
weeks the Meffiah fhaU furely die the death of 
the Crofs{c). • . ^ 

Even thy people, they of thy holy City fliall 
be the principal Aftors in this Tragedy. The 
Meffiah will come unto them as HIS OWN, 
tut they will not receive him {d) : Tea they will 


(a) The original word here is ni3^ IfeJhaU be cmt off. 

Kow to be cmt iff, in the true fignification of the wordi £« 
'o be cut off Jndidalfyi either by man's judgement or by the 
judgement of God, The learned Jem may find that the 
word 0133 fignifieth (bin forty places oi their Scripture^ 

Aj^d it is never uled^ otherwile in (peaking of a peribn 

affirmatively, as it is here in this Prophecy. Now 

as to our bldTed Saviour's cafe, he was cmt off 'judicially 
both ways. Firft, He was by the judgement ofCod, in be^ 
ingmade a Cmrfeforms', [Gal.iii. i^.] and that according 
to the ientenceof the Law ; Which faith. He that is hang- 
ed is accmrfed of God. [Deut xxi. 23.] Secondly, He 
was by the judgement of Man. For according to the ulii- 
al prance upon accuried Cripinals, He was taxen, and tri* 
«d for his lite, and being adjudged guilty, he was condem- 
ned, and put to death ; even to (iich a death as the Law of 
the Land had j)refcrib*d for the crime whereof he was ac- 
culed : as particularly in the Roman Empire for any ono of 
iervile condition that was fowid guilty of any State crime, 
by their Law He was to be ermcifid. tb) Cohff'd, If. 
M Seethe Note rf. W>*fli.ii, 



TheT ROT HECT Explairid. s 

Tbe Ftq. as it fiottds njea him, and kill him (a). And fo in all this 
moifrTratf/haiom. tbdr cruel> and defpitdfiil ufi^ of hinu the 

Fritue rf Lifr {h), they will moft dcfervcdly 
forfeit all tlieir right, and tide in him as their 
LORD; for hereupon they Jball be no mtft 
HIS Fecpk (£). 

Nor is th^ all. Their punifliment for fo 

ungratefol^ and fold an aA> ihatt not confift 
baray in their being rejeitedhy him, who had 
been himfelf firft ca^ out by them {d) : but his 
juft Veneeance will proceed fo hx» as that 
jthey pJsU be m more a PEOPLE. For Tie 
JiOM^NS (e) Jbidl come, and take avyay both 
their place attd natiom (f). For over them as 
HISfeofk (g) will the Mtffiah prefic'e* in order 
to their deftroying thy feopUy and to their UD*- 
terly iayimg ivafte their City jimd Sanffwary^ as 
they ihall come up againft it Bie an overfow-' 
mgy and raging Lumdatkm^ fweeping all before 
it : for as War ihall furely be upon the Jenv^ 
ifi nation for their cutting off the Mefliah {h)y 
as at their hands Jball his Uooti he required^ fo it 
ihall be moft fatal, and final to them, as it (hall 
not be ended but with the entire fubverfion 
both of their Church, and State. And there- 
fore to the end of the Wary nothing but a conti" 
mted fiiccejfion of DESOLATIONS is detemuned. 
V. ay. dM He To the more effeftual carrying on, and 

fifoB co/tfirm Jhe Qh- compleating of which determined Judgement 

B 3 * of 

U) L1A9 XX. 1 1-. W Ji3s iii. I J. (0 1*7 TKI 

fmkinttlL^y ^^H^ £/ no» crit tt pofnlut tjuS' AUdt p» 

704. The words are explain'd by thofc which follow 
l^^n n^JIJ C3y populus Principis venturus, 1. «. fii- 

turus,' tbt PeMle thst JhomU he the feeble •/ MfJJiah the 
Prince* when Ifraelwv rqcfted. So the Hchrevs call fccu- 

lum futuium KSH D^IV * Whence Mark, x. 30. Luke 

xvu. 30. 'Aiiif 6 i^fdifM^ ^« ^««*'f •/ ^** Roman £w- 
/fVr, tfhere Chrift vms primcipally to have his Chmrchj and 
t^n^dem: whilfi I^sel Jh»mld he rejeffed. lb. p- 70 j, 
(S) Luke XX. If. (0 See note c, (f) Jehnxx. 

48. (^) The Rvman Army in this fervice was rhe ar- 

my of the Mejjiah, .Matt, xx. 7. He Jent forth HlS^r- 
mef, &c. So NehmcbadnexKor was oi old callM by Godi 
MT SERVAiJTf Jer,xxv. 9. xxvii. 6. xliii. 10. And 
in his Service againft TTKE^ Exek. xxix. 18. They 
neromght fir me» faith the Lord God, vac. (A) Tho* 

the cutting off the Mejpah was by Pilate the R§man Go- 
Vernour otjudaa, yet He.charg'd it upon the Jewstis being 
done only by their urging him to it> Mat, xxvii. 14. Ana 
they aUo took ic upon themfelves in rhofc words of thtirs to 
ti/aifi v»25- His i/«««<i**«» »¥» andou onr Children, 

6 The'P RO'PHECr ExpUifid. 

The Vfo. as itfianJs of God upon the Jev^fb nation by the fiid 
m our ly^tjlatm. people of the Meffiah* the Rmam. Be it hx" 

ther known as to the time« and manner of 
veiumt nmth Many Accomidi(hment>that/A(r;ry%4i/fflM/^tf ^jimfii) 
far one 'week: And Covenant nuitb many Nations in one of thefi 
in the midfi of the feventy nveeks here determined in general MMm 
tiieek, he Jhatl caufe th peepUy and holy City, And this is the WEEK 
the Sacrifice, and the yet to be accounted for : as I have hitherto 
OUation to ceafi; 9CCQ}xnX!oiL oxi^ fcx feven niieekfy and threefiore 
0nd far the over- amdtiuo 'weeks of the £ud Seventy. Let this 
Jfreaing of abom- therefore be noted as the yet remainii^ ONE 
nations hejballmake WEEK immediacdy determined }xpcm thy feo^ 
it defolatoy even tm- fky and holy City for thdn and its utter> or 
till the Confimmati- complete Deifarudion. In which as the Ko- 
0f'y M$dthat deter- mans fhall in the b^inning thereof enter into 
nmed jhaU he foitr^ firm afUances vjith many of their nekhbouring 
fd nfon fho Defilafe. nations^ that they may be more at leifqre to 

carry on this thdr great work appointed them 
of God, fo as I muft make farther revelation 
here, for I have it yet in commiffion to de- 
clare, and fpedfy it, diat to their rendring the 
latter HALF (if) of this one week yet more 
diftinguifhedj they ihall be aftually at war 
with, the 3^y all that time, as in the oeginning 
thereof the war fliall break out, and in a con- 
tiquation thereof the Romans (hall carry it on 
Xo their comings and fitting down before the 
fjoly City, and laying clofe fic»e to it ; to the 
foufif^ in the end thereof t& daily SACRL^ 
FICE and OBLATION to cea/oy and alfo to 
the caupng to ftand qpon the TEMPLE (c) the 
the fure prefage, or token (e) of the time be- 
ing then adually come upon Jerufakm fbrher 


W The Original word is fimpljr H^^S -* Coveiumi 

Jjithouc any prefix fl to make ic tht Covenant. (rf 
Vn ugnitech the HALF pan, and not the MIDST* 

[^»'i^.P- a93» Con, Hift. in a lottom Note.] The ac* 
compUlhinent of the Event Ihew'd it was the latter HALF, 

(^) ^3 /V ^"P^ Alam» b, €. locum iandunu Sic 
Matt, ivt J. 9rltfv^U9 Ate dicitur Pinnaculuni Templi. 
Willtt ex Oec$i, hri ro Itfif Ixx Vat. Sv^Tli^/y <ixx 
AI, Erit in Templo Abominatio Delblationis f^, 'Xr*—- — 
Super ianSuarium. VerC ^>4rab, {d} The idololatrical En- 
<5^nsof theDeftroyer, or Spoiler; the Enfigns of theA«- 
mans having on them painted the image* of their fiifc Gods> 
%hatfor^abcminateAhy the Jews, tZ3^$P© Hehsii^;!^ 

Idola. Gr§t. Vide i Ktmg4 xi. f, 7. a iC/wfs xxiil* iq. 
p) Mst. XJUf. ij- Mark xi^. 14, ^ * ^ 

The'PRO'PHECTExpliHiid. 7 

Vx Tre. a it fian^ final DeTdadan: Even the time ef her he- 
» a&r jytBfiatioB. hg tnJdem Jvum hy the Gcntilo \m). For ia 
dus DdbUtion flte fhall continue irrecoverably, 
rotM MMtiltbefmtfrmmatmt^ CoA'slktenmm d 
Vengeance, with rcfpcdt to ber the OtfiUtei 
and with refpeA to the Gentiles ber DeJoU~ 
ten {k), even wmtU the timet ^ the Gentties it 
fi^ikd. (e.) 

(<) Ijitt i£. 14. (f) for the wonl QQ^tfQ 




Y way of Jntrodu&Ion ioto die ea£m% Tieadie* 
it nm not be improper 

Krfi, To prenu& fome few general Obfervath 
oos concerning the Sevaity toteit of this Pro» 
phec)r, for the better underftanding of what 
may be laid hereafter coneeming themj 
SeanitBy, To lay down fome general rules, 
which are I conceive ever necel&y to be ibl-r 
}owed in the prorccution of a worl( of this nature; And 

TisirtBjt To fee forth the method ijfed in the eofuing Treatile. 

Ffl-J?, of the general Obfervarions to be here premis*d concern^ 
jng thele Weeks ; They are fuch as relate cither to the nature of 
^hcm, or to their Divmon, or to their orderj or courfe of recko- 

Firfi, of the nature of the weeks of this Prophecy. 

And in few words, thele weeks muft be eioicr imtii of Dajt, 
^ a i»etk cont^s {even Days, or elle they muft be Wuks cS 
Tears, as a Week in the Language of Prophecy contains fevea 
Years ,' that is. feven Difft propbedcaliy denooog feven Tears : 
An ejcprcS proof whereof we have in the Prophet Eixkkl {a), 
jtf Day for a Tear, a Day far a Tear. Thus by God's own immediate 
and exprels Appointmeqc to that Prophet, his three bimdrej ami 
einsty Day! were to be (kree hundred artd ninety Tearsj and his^^- 
ty Days were to be forty Tears. 

And that ihefe vxeii of Daniel muR be thus underflood as be<^ 
ing thus iveeh pf Tears, and not of Days, It appears from t^ 
Prophet himfelf in his different way of Ipeaking, when he cometh 
afterward occafionally to make mention of Weeks of Xiays : As hs 
doth in the tenth Chapter (i). There hiltorically making mention 
of tireisty me Days, he cxprefleth himfeif not fimply by fo many 
Day8> but by their proportionate numi)er of Weeks, as Weeks of 
Days, vii. three -weeks of days. For herein the Original is exprefs, 
though in our Tranflation it be rendred only in the ordinary Senfe 
thereof three fitU }Vesks. The Prophet hath alfo a Iccond [c] time 



repeated his three *weeks ef Days. In our Tianflation we readj UiU 
three whok Weeks *wereju^lkd: But our three wbok Weeks are in the 
ordinal as before^ three Weeks of Dajfs, This Addition of Days in 
both places is (evidently explanatory {a)y and fheweth that Dastkl 
here (peaks of ordinary Weeks or Weeks of Days, and not of fuch 
mxek^ ^ in the foregoing Chapter are fpoken of as propheti- 
cal Weeks, or Weeks of Tears, 

That the Reader might not be miftaken herein> DosmI did far- 
ther explain himfelf {b) by fhewit^ in what words the Angd ex- 
cus'd his not coining to him all that Time. The Angel told him 
that it was becaufe the King cf Perfia vMhfiood him twenty one Days. 
Thefe twenty one Days here (imply exprefled by their number of 
Pays as I>^ were plainly the £une fpace of time with that other- 
wife before exprefled by three U'eeks of Days. 

This Proof might be made yet mx)nger if it were neceflary. 
But the matter \s fo plain^ that it is acknowledged .perhaps univer- 
ially by all Jews, and by all Chriftiam before our Country-Man 
Sir jfoim Marjbam, who would by all means to have thefe twenty 
ime Daysoi the Prophet to have been twenty one Tears. 

But this aflertjion is equally true with that other (c) which he 
hath advanced with it, namely^ that DaniePs Abftinence in this 
tenth Chifter was the fame with his fi^g «« fackchth and afbes 
mentioned in the forc^ing Chapter. But furdy he might as well 
have faid that the third Year of Cyrus was the fame with the firp 
of Darius, as he muft have faid were he to have ^ken here to 
any purpofej (and would his furpriTing Hypothefis hext{See notee] 
have allowed of it : ) for this Fail was in the frji year of Darius (d). 
And that Abftinence was in the third year of Cyrus '(e). The 
Texts are exprefs therein^ and that in Daniel's evident fucce(&ve 
reckoning of the reigns of thofe Kings« as I fhall have occafioa 
to fhew very fully hereafter (f). 


(4) So Jlbarhinelf and R. Dawd Klmhi» SttWsgmfeL p. fi— -rf* Wver, 13. 
(cj Another fuch AfTerdon is that of Sir J. Marjham's, of his telling us of another 
king between DarUu and CjrnSi whereas according to Daniel there was no other King 
between: for the Prophet was careful to tell us that after Z>ifn»i's death* the next Kiqg 
Vas Cynu the Perfian. tCh. vi. 18.] But here between. Sir J, M. hath clapt in the 
.Ahajnems in the liook of Eflheti to whom he hath given a long reign of forty two year|* 
{Can. Chrm. p. j^o.] Alas ! where did he think Daniei was all that time ? A like vaia 
attempt is that of his bringing Darnel's four Vifions to terminate in one and the £une 
thxi]^, and that to be only the propbaning the lecond Temple, by letting up Heathen Idola* 
try m it for three or four Years in KAntiochm Ef if hones his time ; and to make this 
third Vifion of no other ufe» but only to be a Chronology for it. And for his beginning 
the firft vii Weeks of the Ixx in the firft year of Darimst what ftrange fancies he had 
to make him to be a Medo-Perjum, that was made King over the realm of the Chalditans, 
as^he faith, at Smfa^ by taking tnat City and Kingdom from King Nebncka^ezKar» who 
ior all that, within four or five years after, by this Gentleman^ tellin£, ran mad with 

cxcefsof Profperity ? r-Thefe things are noted here occafionally, to mew that Gentle- 

nun's followers that he is not infallible. I fhall have farther occafion to obferve other 
inflances hereof in fuch matters as Mr Lancafter hath followed him, though in them 
obey are both evidently miftaken. (d) Dan, ix. 1. (<) ch. x. i. (f) vis. 

^n the next Chapter, wherein Mr. L. hath giv'n us occafion to fhew his great miftake in 
confounding the isit year of the reign of Cjrsss with the fin^ of. his Uncles and Father- 
in-l^w Darim. 


Wherefore the Weeks of this Propheqr being toeehs of Teartl 
every one of thefivertfy weeks do con&quendy coatainjhen Tears% 
And £b the whole number of Tears contained in the fiid number of 
noeeks do neceflarily amount to four hundred and ninety Tears '^ to 
£) many, and no more (a). 

And herein Chronologers both Jevjtfb (b), and Chrifiian (c) beii^ 
thus generally agreed^ it is the leis needful to enlarge upon tfaisfub- 
jed. And therefore truly it was not my intention to bye troubled 
the Read^ with any thing more tluin what I have now iaid of the 
thus agreed nature of the& Weeks. 

But whereas the reverend Mr. Lancafier in a late E(!ay upon them 
hath difallowed this their abftraded nature as thus containing four 
hundred and ninety yearsj and no more> and hath rais'd them into 
a twofold enlarged period^ die one of five hundred Years* the other of 
five hundred and feventy (d), it is therefore become neceflary for me» 
in ordertothefulleftabliihmentofthetruenatureoftheWeeksof this 
Prophecy* toenquire into this iK»u;('f)proceedingof Mr. JL in his £x- 
pofitkm dF thefe weeks> and tolook into the ibimdatkni of his Hypo- 
thefiS) anddiftindly* and fully tocon(iderit> that fo in a dear and full 
view of diings, we may be enabled to difcover tf with any fufficient 
g|fOund> or not> the ahfiraHed nature of the vjeeks cS this Prophecy 
be rejeSed by him* and the fore-mendon'd twofokl enlarged Periods 
of tt:^ be preferr'd and built upon. But thefe things neceffiurily 
lequirii^ a great deal more room than can here poffibly be allow-* 
cd them under general Obiervatk)ns> and with thefe only we are 
tt the prelent concem'd^ I ihall beg the Reader's leave to let them 
be a while poflpon'd to a diftintS:* and partial confideration to 
follow in a Chapter immediatdy after what I am now in general 
premifing concemii^ theie weeks. 

In the mean time the atfiraSted natwre of thefe 'oxeh of Tears as 
contamit^ exa&Iy four hiuidred and nmety Tearsy beit^ taken for 
panted> I proceed to obferve 

SecouSj, As to the Divifion of the fiventj voeeks of this Prophe^ 
cy> that they have expreffly therein a threefold DiyiEoa, as being 
Avided into three diftin£t periods of fivegt 'uxeksy and tbreejcore 
0»d tv» naeeisa and one mxek. 

For as the Angel fpeaks in general dt fiventy 'weeisy tb,ix. 24^ 
So in tlie following verfes He foeaks particularly of the ieveraljuft- 
BOW mentioned periods,- vi!2^ cifiven weeks in v. 25 : and of threes 
fiareandPwo'weekSi ib. and eipecially in ^^26^ andaifoofoaffeparate 


(4) And fb the learned Dr friAanx teHsW} Cm* ffrf. Vol. i. ^ tiSt and ^^* (if 
Menageh 3f» Ifrati, [Term. Vic. hum. t. i6S.] &ith ezpre%» Tbt fiventy Wteks 
cl DsnUl make up £bur hundred ninety Years. And RaB^ Ifaac AbarKntl FCork m 
Dm,'] expreCTeth himieif to Uke purpofew So alib lU Jtf.Jduhtas [Exptio Dm.1 
and R.Ahm Exra* and others, (c) Down to Sir ? Mofjham^ (i) Be&tesaa odd 

year, or two* [See /. 66» 67^ m Mr. L. his E(!ay oa JJamth'] Bik thcife We naif 

re Mr. L, and nor trooble the Reader wkh (hem. (s) As Mr. L. hia^ tni^ 


JFeit in v. %j, and of that alfo as diftinguiilied with a more re- 
xnarkable Ha^ thereof, ib. 

And thefe three diftind periods in the abftraAed nature of thelb 
l^i^x of 7^4r/ being in the whole four hundred and ninety 2f4r/, Gm* 
lequently in the fim period of fevm Weeks there are fo many timet 
leven Yearsj that is to iay forty nine Tearsy In the iecond period of 
three/core omJ tnuo Weeks there are aUb (o nuuiy times fiven Tearf» 
tiiSAk to {zy four ImmkedaiiJthirtj^fittr Tears: Butas wemuft notfiul 
of notinenere, tbefe fictj t'wo ffkis^ otfomr hmukul^md thirty four 
Tears foltowing in one ^ the fame current reckoning upon the 
foregoing ySomi Weeksy ot forty nme years (as we fliali fee anon {a) 
that they do^ it therefore comes to pais that this fecond period of 
noeeks is thus trulv conftimted a period of four hundred eighty diree 
Tears. And in the third period of the ieparate Mvoumt of thisPro- 
phecy there are yuStfeven Tears. 

And the Angd luth therefore thus folemnly divided thefe noeeki 
into this diveriity of Periods by reafon of the manifeft diverfity of 
predided Events, which according to the exprefi letter of the rro« 
phecy were to have their ieveral completions in theie their refoedl^ 
ive periods : Which completions^ as it is evident from Hiftory« 
and as we (hall fhew hereafter they had accordingly {b). Where- 
fore I obferve 

ThirMyy as to the Order> or Courie of reckoning of thefe 'weeks, 
that the whole fiventy iveeks are not all of them weeks current 
in one and the &me continued reckonings but only the Jevem 
tveeksy and fisety tvjo weeks are fo. 

For the Angd hath plainly tai^ht us to reckon only the two firil 

S'ods of thefe weeks, viz. the nm period of fiven weeks, and the 
nd period of fixty two weeks, from one and the fame B^in-* 
ning; viz.. from toe going forth ef the Commandment to rehtiU Jem- 
falem> as in a;. 25. of which more in its proper place herder. 
We note it here to fhew^ as well that the ^xty two weeks of this 
Prophecy are therefore necef&rily current m reckoning upon the 
forcing fiven weeks, as alfo that hence it is that the Mdfivet^ 
weeksy and fixty two weeks do in fuch current^ or continued reck- 
oning make up the fecond period of this Prophecy truly a period of 
four hundred and eightv three Tears. 

There is confequently a yet remaining one week, as it is called in 
V. 27. of this Prophecy i A weekoi Tears this, not current in reck- 
oning with the reft Dut a week by it felf, a feparate or fin^e 



(a) viK> In the nsjtfigenera] Obfervation. (h) And therefore fiirely Mr. L. might have 
Ipar'd all that needle^ETpains which we find him to have taken in his A^endix, as touching 
the reafon of theDWinonof thele Weeks^ For what hath evidently its own fbundadoa 
in, and of it (elf needeth not the invention of an imaginary ones efpedally of (tich a 
one as is dieregiv'n us, which in truth is made up of nothing but Incooufteocy* and 
Milbke in a groundlefs dedu&ion from Ezikiers [chAy. 4, j, 6.] thrnbmndrtd mtd 
nimty daj$ of tht Tni^Mfty •/ thtHmfi of Ifrae/* andfarty di/s 0/ the Ini^nity 9ftbe fbmfh 
tf Judah. To this I Oxall fpeak a ^w wor4* in cbt €04 <^^e |^on4re4 Clui^ttr on cht 
Itacure of the<e Wee)u« 


noeek, having therefore necei&rily a different beginning fiom thofe 
preceding it^ a diftinguiihed nveei, who& grand Event as we fliail 
&e particularly herearter> was the utter or mial DeftrudHon of Jenn 
films the City and San&uaryy as in v. ^6. of this Psof^ecy. 

This at prefent taken for granted> I urge it as an unanfwerable 
argument againfi: any current reckoning whatibever of allthefefeven- 
ty vxeks, or the whole four hundred and ninety I^^irxinone conjoin-- 
ed and continued reckoning Jrom the gomg firth cf the Command-* 
went to rebuild Jeruialem : Which truly is the grand Chara<9:eriftic> 
or Note of b^^nning of the (tv&itjjeeks^ and S£o of the fixty two 
v)eeksof this Froptiecy, but not poffibly of the remaining one njjeei, 
as we ihali fee fiilly hereafter. 

There were but four folemn CommanAnentf^ as we (hall fee anon> 
which at any time went forth in favour of Jerufalem from the King^ 
of Verfia. But no continued Reckoning whatfoever of the whcue 
ieventy Weeks> or four hundred and ninety Years from ioit gomg forth 
ef anjef thofe Commandments can pof&Uy be brought to end in the 
year of^the V. iE. of Chrifi 70, wnen jerufakm was dcflroyed. 

In trudi it is impoflible for any one to reckon the feventy vxeh 
of this Prophecy by one continued reckoning of the whole or them> 
but he mutl: neceilarily in fuch cafe run into Abfiirdities» and evi- 
dent Inconfiilencies with die exfrefs letter of this Prophecy in al- 
moft all the parts of it. 

And upon this rock the generality of EzpoGtors of this Iblemn 
Prophecy have fplit; and have therefore as I may not improperly 
iay> been \o&. in their refpedive Hypotheies. Even the leamed 
Mr. Dean of Norwich by reafon of fuch current reckoning in his 
kte Hypothefis (a) of theie lueeksy hath verified what I have now 
aflerted. With all due fubmiffion be this fpoken. 

He reckons the ieventy *weeksof Tears , or the four hundred and nine« 
ty Tears of this Prophecy^ all of them current^ or going on in one 
continued reckoning from the feventb year of Artaxerxes Longfrna' 
nus King of Ferfia. And even this is not the true Scripture Bmn* 
ning of thefe vieeks, as we ihall fee hereafter. But in fuch Mr. 
Deaths continued reckoning of them from fuch beginning they 
end in the year of the V. iE. of Chriffl 33. And fo N& Dean 
makes the whole number of Tears of the (aid noeeks to terminate in 
the death of Chrifi in that Tear. He could not make them to end 
in the dd(lru(9uon of Jerufalem in the year of the V. M. of Chrifi 
70* for that overflioots Mr Deajfs reckoning fome thirty (even 
years. Therefore he hath made them to end in the death of 

But furely in fuch ending of the whole 70 lueeks of this Prophe- 
cyj Mr. Dean hath departed from the exfrefs letter of it, in a two- 
fold remarkable inflance. For that expreflly (etteth forth the death 
of Chrifi as the grand Event of the feven ti)eeks, and fixty two 


{m) In hif excellent book of Cm* BJf. v. i. p. i^2> &t. 


tl^TRO'DUCTtOM. xi 

nveeh (a), or ibur hundred and eighty three Tears; Mr. Deoft coDtra- 
xy wife of ieventy iveeks, or four hundred and ninety Tears, That aUb 
conia^uendy maketh not the deadi of CbHfiy as Mr. Dean hath ib 
wade it« but otherwife exnreflly fetteth iorth the deftrudion of 
Jefufakm as the grand and inunediate Event of the ene nveek, or 
the lai): lueei of the ieyenty^ and eipecially of the (latter) H^jf 
thereof (h)- 

So far is the Propheqr frotn making the £ud grand E^oessi, viz. 
the defhii£tion of Jerufakm an Event exdufive of the feventf 
^uieehs of it^ as Mr Jkan of Nor^cb hath been conflrain'd to 
make ia for die &ke of his Hypothefis (c)* Thdk and many o* 
ther Inconveniencies attending fiich continued reckonii^ ka the 
whole feventy nueeis of diis Prophecy ftdA one and the £ime Spin- 
ning will be more particularly fhewn in their proper places, whoi 
we come hereafter to treat of the refpedive Begimtmgs^ and Endutff 
of thefe *weeks. They are curfbrilv obfoVd here by way of fhewing 
in general the utter impoffibility mat any Hypothefis of thefe nueeh 
ihould be a true Scripture Hym>the{is of them in all its parts agree* 
ing with the Prophecy> when liich Hypothefis is founded^ andbuilc 
upon one continued Reckoning of the whole Seventy Weeks thereof. 

Having premis'd thefe few general Obfervadons, I come 

In thefecond place to lay oown fome general rules which I con- 
ceive are al^dutdy necef&ry to be obferv'd in the profecutioo 
of a Work of dbis nature. And they are thefe following: 

Firfij One (place of Scripture mufl never be fo interpreted, as 
that by the confequences or> or inferences from it, the fame fhaU 
by fudi expofidon or inference be made to oppofe another. 

For, if in ^cafe I may be allowed to apply the words of the A- 
poftle {d). No Trophecy nf Serif Sure is of any frrvate Interfretation : 
And in Mr. Dean of Norwict^s words {e) there nmfi be no Oppojitiom 
between Scripture and Scr^ture. For as he voy truly faith foon af- 
ter if), Tbefacred Writ being A^Ated by the holy Sftrit cf God, mup 
ever be of n^al&bk truth. Indeed it ever was, and will be evennore 
ib; be the Dijfuters of this World never fo iw/J, or let ihem gatn- 
fay never fo much, it matters not. 

Secondly, Exfrefs CharaBen in the Text mufl always clofely be 
adh^d to, and expounded. as giv'n in the letter of them, unlefs 
there appear very evident caufe for the contrary. But efpecially 
they muft be always then fo expounded, when other Scriptures 
do exprefOy point out, and immediately warrant fuch literal Ex- 

Therefore fuch exprefs CharaBers muft by no means be robbed 
of their true literal lenfe in which they are giv'n in hdy Writ. 



(a) V* a^. {h) V. &7. (0 And Mr. Lducafier alio no lefs for the lake o£ 

liis } iho' he ends not the feventy Weeks 'till three years and a half after our Savi- 
our's death : but this is abfolutely without foundationj as we ihali fee hereafter. 
U) St. Fturx Ep.i. ao. W Cm. Hjji* vol*i. p.joi. I. j)-. (/) p. joi. 

I. &• 


They tnuft not be interpreted at large* or expounded away in a 
fgMre for the £tke of an Hypothefis> or« if we may thus ^eak here* 
for the lake of any mmfs frivate Interpre$a$iam. Yot this were in 
truth to adapt a Prophecy to an Hypothefis; And not yffbexe^s it 
liirely ought to be every Interpreter's efocdal care to iquaie that in 
all its parts exaSly accotding to the Frophecy in me literal rx« 
frefs CharaBers thereof. 

HrrMf, die Canon of ftokmyy as it ought ever to be the Chro-> 
tixAogsts guide in point of time coincident with Scripture times 
in any Scrii)ture Expofition* fo it ought to be a rule to him tmce 
and akjajs in the Chronological Expofidon of the Pro[^iecy be* 
fore us. 

It therefore ought to be the Chrondoger's suide by reafon of 
its great exaSnefi of Chronological tnit£ it being in the words 
of Mr. Dean of Norwich (a) the frrefi ffUde *we have m Cbramoih 
^, it bektg hfib upon jijmmfmcd oifervatiom, attjimg fixed ty 
tie EcBpJes; Ami therefire the truth of it may at any time be dt^ 
monJhateJ by Ajhonamical Calculations 'y EJ^eciaUy it ieing alfi veH' 
fed by its agreement every 'where nvith the holy Serif tnres. 

And it therefore ought to be always the Chronobger's Guides 
ONCE and ALWAYS throughout an Hypothefis> becaufe he 
would otherwife be guilty of an evident inconfiilency with himielf, 
no leis than of manifeil injuftice alfo to this golden Rule.— -*— — « 
I am 

Thirdty, to fet forth the method made uie of in the following 

That in few words is the confidering the (everal periods of the 
Weeks of this Prophecy^ their refpedive Beginningsy and their re> 
fycSdve EmBngSy according to the three difiering Hypothefes now 
before us under examination: And alfo the mewing as we go 
along their affreemept> or their difiigreement with the rules a- 
bove mention d; viz. 

Firft, With Scripture in general ,• 

Secondly, and more particularly with EXPRESS CHARAC- 
TERS in die text ; and 

Thirdly, with Ptolem/s Canon. 

And whereas> as I have before noted> there are three diftin£b 
periods of the feventy nueeks of this Prophecy, I (hall therefore 
divide what I have to fay upon them into three parts. 

The firft confequendy will treat of the firft feven vxeks of this 
Prophecy, or of forty nine Tears; The fecond of the feven 'weekss 
and fixty two v^eeks^ or of four hundred and eighty three Tears (b)^ 
The third and laft part will treat of the feparate one vjeek, or <^ 
the feven Tears of the third> and laft period of the feventy vjeekt 


(a) p. 285 (h) Sixty tv«ro Weeks make only four hundred thirty foaf Yeart : 

but thefe following in une and the fame continued reckoning upon the foregoing pe- 
riod of forty nine xearsi as having one and the fame beginning wicb them («f«#/« ii*) 
do thui be(»nie a period of four hyjaired and eigh^ cbifle Years* 


fK«» of this Prophecr- Tliu being [he method I am te (oUov* 
might now accordingly proceed immediately to confider the Grft 
part) or the fiift feven lattht of this Pro^dieqr, had I not beea 
^oi^t oitder a neceflicy as before-mcntioii'd, of fpeikii^ in the 
firftpnce more largdy tbao I have yet don^ concemirffi the tnie 
abfinufted oamre a tbefe loeth. This dmefbre I fliall endea- . 
Tour to eftabltlH in the lcllowii% chapter, wherein I Utall fiilljr 
conlider what Mr. L. hadi urgedio me contrary. 

And I ihail fliew as from other conlideratitHU, (o alio from 
that very HypotbeGs which he hath built upon hit imaginary 
oaiuic of tbdfe •attiff that it is abfolutdy impoffible that they 
can contain more or Ids than really feven timet fevcnty, or 
four hundred ninety Yean. 



Sbea/ini the ^JhaBed nMttre of tbeSevtntf Weeks ef Teivt 
tfttis Profhtcj, at the faid number of Wtel^of Tedrt 
fmtaiia txaHlyJour hmidred Md mtie^ jearSf tmd that at 
they caimot pjpblj contam Ufs, fi neither can they contaim 
more than that number of Teart ; Or in other words, that they 
cannot bj any means centaia five hundred Tears i» ont 
view, and five hundred and feventy Tears in another view, dt 
it hath been fuppes'd that they do in a late Hypothtfisof theji 
Weeki built t^n fuch mifit^n foundation, as the faid 
foundation is here frov'd to be in a fartictUar view* ind 
Tarnation of it. 

E Reyerend Mr. Z- in his late {d) Effaj on 
befi 'Weeks having rgoaed, tbeir true ab&rs&ed 
aiCire, as they oo therein contain exa^ly fbur 
undred and ninety years, hath inllead thereof ad- 
anccd a twofold computation of them, confi- 
er'd, (in his way) according to the Law, at at' 
mded hy tkeir Jubilees, and Sabbatical Tears, and 
h (by his telling usj m refftEt a/^ Jubilees> *- 
mounting to five hutidred {h) Tears, and in rt^H 
of Sabbatical TenTf, to five hundred and feveyUy {c). Andyetin nei- 
ther of ihcfe additional numbers of years were there according to 
him {d] any more than jufi fiventy "weeks. 

For much fuch another period of Weeks, it feems (e) Mr. Xi. 
had found out before the date of Cyrus's Decree for the releafe of . 
the then captive ^ews : ia the going fonh wbeteofj as thai ac- 
cording to him had its ending, fo this after it hath its b^in- 

Thc original produflion of that preceding period of Weeks on 
which the fecond is founded is as follows. 

Firjt, Mr, L. ftam'd to himfelf a period of five hundred Years, 
ending in the year preceding the Captivity of the j^tw (in his twen- 
ty Years rais'd b^innii^ of it, as it will appear bereafterj equal 

U) FuUiOied in the ynr ijll. (b) p. So, anJ 66. (i) BeTiAts two oi 

riih which IflwUnoipcrplei [he f- ' • - ' ■ -■■ " ■ -- 

t^p.66,&c. (.] p.67- 

mn, with which I Oiiii uoi pcrplH [he Reader, but fpedk ofi AlU Id th« lound nwi* 

Tllfat the ScycntyWccks of thitTfop^ecy, Sec. if 

to fcventy Scripture Weeks attended iLith their Jubilees. Atterv^'ards 
with the addition of the feventy years of the faid Captivity upon 
a fuppd&tion that the Land of JudiCM lay WHOLLY deiblate all 
that time, that is> reftedfram tillage^ and fo enjoyed fcventy Sab- 
baths, of which as is farther fiippos'd (he bad been deprived by chd 
%Tttr ttanigreffion of duty in this particular the whole fcventy 
Weeks preceding the Giptivity (a)% he makes ariother period of 
five hundred and fcventy years (i), in which however as we are told 
by hito (c) there were no more than feventy Weeks. 

This being Mr. Lamcafiei^s Hypothe(ls> and this the ground^work 
of it> I objed againft it in general^ and I thall endeavour to make 
good the objedion by proving 

Ftrfii That fuch his addition of fcventy years to this imaging 
period to the making it a period of five hundred and fcventy Yearsj 
and withal to the making the faid period of Years to remain yet 
but fcventy Weeks of years> and to the arguing us from thence 
into another fuch pfcriod of years after in the fcventy Weeks of 
this Prophecy, is abfolutely without foundation, for that on 
which it is built is truly none, and none it bath elfcwhere ; And 
therefore if this firft period of five hundred and fcventy Years equal 
to fcventy Scripture Weeks be groundlefe, the latter cf courfe muft 
be fo likewife, as it \s entirely depending upon the former. And 
as to this latter, I ihall ihew afterwards, that even were there any 
real foundation for the former, yet after all, there is not any 
room poffibly for aiguing firom that to this. But 

Firfi-i of Mr. Lancafters firft imagin'd period of five hundred and 
fcventy'years before his (d) date of Cyrus*/ Decree far the releafe of thi 
Jews, I affirm it to be without any manner of real foundationJ 
For that on which it is built, Mr. L, is quite miftaken in it, viz. 
in the end, occafan, and natitre of the Setxnty liars rf Jerufalem*;) 
Defolatims foretold by Jeremah (e), which are the very years added 
in this firft period to the makit^ it a period of five hundred and fc<- 
vcnty Years, on a miftaken fuppofition that the Land of yud^a 
lay WHOLLY defolate from the very firft year of the Captivi- 
ty, and did therefore lye fo defolate all that time by way of God's 
immediate punifhment of his people grounded in the other mifta- 
ken {uppofitk>n that they had 'wholly negleiied the Sabbatical Tears 
of feventy frece£ng weeis. 

But all this is indeed Imagination : and fuch withal as in truth 
there is no manner of ground for it. 

For to come to particulars^ 

(4) viz, in bis twenty years miflakert beginning of it, as it will folly ippear heftf* 
iftcr. {b) five hundred and feventy one Years is the number . p. 67. initio. But we fpeak 
of it in the round number. See Note c. above. (c) p. 67. initio, (J) For his 

Year of the going forth of that Deaee is not the Saipture Ynr thereof: «s wf Ihall fe« 
tefilfter. (r) Ch, XXV. 

c rkji» 

1 8 That the Seventy Weeks of [this Trophecy 

¥trft. The fuppos'd Negied of the Je^s is moft improbable^ 

For had the Je*m been really guilty of fuch fiippos'd negle£k> 
or Tran%re(noii of a pofitive duty of God to tbetn {d) in this par- 
ticular> in their having negleded to obierve the refpedive Sabba-^ 
deal Yean of feventy wee^ before their Captivity^ they mud then 
without all queftion have been guilty of fuch negled fir A mt»y 
frecedii^ liieeks (in the words (b) of Mr. I#.) either at repdarly fre^ 
ciSng 9ne another 9 or elfe at different times. 

But if in the fornser viewj then fuch early negleA will neceffii- 
rily carry us up not only throi^h the times of Soimon and D^pv$J» 
but alfo even into the times of Samud {c) : times thefe very like- 
ly truly (d) wherein to imagine a rife^ and continuation of fucn neg- 
h£t of a pofitive ComaKuid of God to his people in this parti- 

If in the latter view> I cannot then tell indeed whither Mr. L* 
will carry it. But as to thatj we need not to be concerned* becaufe 
wherever he carries it, the FACT of the land's keeping SaUath, 
or reiling from tillage by way of EXACT (e) recompence for fo 
many Mr. L . hU fuppofedly n^Ie&ed fabbadcal Years among the 
Jkws will after all lyeagainft him, to the proving diredly not only 
againft the miftaken fuppofition of negled {imply^ or in it felf bore* 
ly confider'd* but alfo farther againfl it, if in the next place we 
conlider it, viz. 

Secondfyy as it is Mr. JL.'s REASON (/), or affign'd OCCASI* 
ON of the Seventy Tears Defolatians ^ the land. I might here 
make fliort work with the faid imagined Occafion, by fhewins; io). 
mediately againft it> that the failure in fad: {s) plainly overwrowft 
it* or evidenceth the groundlefheis of the fujmofition. 

But I muft not (o pafs over this aifign'd Occafioo of the Ionics 
ftventy Years fuppos'd reft from tillage, for this is what Mr. £•. 
means by the feventy Years Defolatians of the Land» without fycak" 
ing yet a few words to it ; especially as Mr. L. hath endeavoured 
to conBrm it by cenain texts of Scripture by him interpreted ac^ 

• Indeed 

{a)LevU. xx\r. i, 3, &c» {b) p. 67. {c) EvidendyCi in Mr. L. his Hypo- 
rheus : for to his period of five hundred and feventy one years before his firft of Cyms» 
add five hundred and chirry eight as the year before A. D. aofwering to his firft of Cym^ 
-we have the number given one thoufand one hundred and nine before %A. D. which 
is fourteen years above the firft of Kint; Sanlt which was in onethoofand and nioety 
five before ^. D. And in the true reckoning here* as adding eo the year before >f* 
X>. 6o6i the true firft Year of the Capdvity four hundred and ninety years only as the 
years of feventy wecks> we are thus brought up to the next year above the firft of 
the reign of King Saui* See the learned Dr. Prtd, [Cm. Hiji. Vol. i. p. 13,7 »2 as 
toachio^ this ^int. (d) For SAMU£L was known by all Ifijiei to be a rroph«c« 
I Sa, ill. 22. iv. I. And he was a fecond Mofes for forty years over all Ifroil, See our 
Chfonolo^cal Tables [printed ac Oxford, 171 3«1 fubanno ante s^» D, 1135'. (e) 
Mr. Vs. word us'd in >. 67. (/) />. 25, the REASON why the WHOLE ImA 
of Jmddca lay defblare and untill'd Jeventy years was beisufe the Jews had negle6^ed the 
keeping of feventy fabbatUal years. So Mf* i^* tells us asain p.%6, and alio^.6o* 
^) For, as it will appear^ ihejewt coakl joochave oeglcmi more chaa fifty ;^*o oi 
Mr. X's exaS Seventy* 

contain exaBlyfaur hundred j and ninety Tears. 1 9 

Indeed that fuch affigny Occafion of the Defilatums of Jerufit* 
hm might be fo in part, I make not the lealt queftion. I add 
that the tran&reillon of the Jews in this particular might be a main 
occafion of the protradednelS of their Captivity, as God would 
not fufier them to r^um to their Land, 'till it had enjoyed her Sat* 
haths (a). But I can bv no means concur with Mr. L. in making 
the (aid exaB negleA, tne whole or fole occaiionj as he evidently 
makes it (t), or the REASON abfolutely, as he calls it (c), of the 
^tvhk Umd ef Judasa it's lyingdefolate, or untilled (as he frequent^ 
ly tells us that it did) SEVENTY years, for the following reaibns ; 
viz, becaufe 

^fiy in that cafe the Lunul muft neceflarily, and unavoidably 
have lab 'wholly defilate without fo much as a pofUbility, or any the 
leaft room left for any Inhabitants to have been remaining in her 
during thokJeveTfty Years. But fo for was it from that in fad, that 
after the JefiruBkm of the City, and Tempk hy Nebuchadnexzar, Ge- 
daliah was by him made Governour over the cities of Judah (J). 
And unto him were committed Men» Women, and Children and cf 
the poor of the land, of them that were not carried away to Babylon 
(f) to till the groundy and drefs their vineyards (/). And there they 
might have remained fecurely (o doing for any thing that appears 
to the contrary, had it not been for the wicked flaughter of Geda^ 
bah by the treachery of their own country-man Ijhmael afterwards in 

Way alfo after that by a pofitive meffige from God to them by 
his Prophet (g)» there might yet with fafety have tarried in the Land 
yohanan and the remnant with him, had they not been deaf to 
the voice of God to them by that Prophet, and refolutely bent up- 
on going into Bgypt to their lure deftrudion after. Which fbonerj 
or later did befall them accordingly : fuch of them as either made 
no long ftay in Egyft^ but remm'd again into Judaa, or otherWife 
had not gone out of their own country at all, being carried away by 
Nehuzaradan four years after, who were only leven hundred and forty 
five perfons (h) ; and fuch of them as ftaid it out in Egypty moft of 
them there falling into the hands of the Babylonians in the ravage 
maae upon that Land by Nebuchadnezzar after (/). And yet after 
aUj ftill a few of them, a fmall number, according to the Pro- 

C 2 phet 

{s) a Cbrm, xxxvi. 21. (&) p. I2i 13* and cliewhere. (0 As in the places 
quoted in laft Note/. {£j Jerxi, f. (e) ver. 7. ( /) v«r. 10. Seejvffphut 
here alio, lih, ^nt. x. t, iz. Ed* Kudf, p. 45^1. where he represents Ge/UiUh counfeliin^ 
to remam in the Coancry without anjr fear of the "Babjlomans, promifing that in MA- 
l^RIKG their LAND they fliould incur no inconvenience, &c — -So far was he 
from thinking with Mr. L, that the Land was unavoidably, and neceffarily to lye defo- 
late the whole time of the Captivity. (g) Jer. xlii. 10. /f Ttvtill STILL. abide in 

this landy then mil I bmldjoMy and not fmllytm dowttt andlvnllfUnt yon. &c See 7<>/i- 

thuM alfo tn loc, [up. cit, (b) Jer, lii. 30. (1) Probably in the Year after the ta- 

xing of lyre, viz. in five hundred and feventy two before ^» D, or according to Dr. 
Prideamx in the year of the taking of Tyre, vh. in five hundred and fey«nty three. M- 
tmhMinezxar ravaging B^ifps prefentiy ato ic* 

zo That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecj 

phet {a)y that efcaped the finord (of NehuchadTtezzar) luas to return 
out of the tandcf Egypt into the land cf Judah. — But 

Secondly y bad the Jews n^lefted exadly the Sabbaths offeventy vjeeks 
preceding their Captivity, they had then furely tranigreUed agaiofl: the 
pofitive Law of Ood to them in that particular for four hundred and 
ninety years at the leaft (b). But for the Jews to have made full fa- 
tisfadion to the Land for fb many years its negle&ed Sahbaihsy the 
Land ought in fad to have reftedj or to have lain ^wholly defolate^ aiid 
untitled vesWy not only feventy years, as Mr. JL. tells us that it did (^), 
but at the leaft eighty years, it not more. For to four hundred arid nine- 
ty years there being added the feventy years of the Captivity, the whole 
number hereof being 560, this being divided by 7 in order to throw 
out every Sabbatical yt^x of that number of years, evidendy gives 80 
Sabbatical years in this period only confider'd thus in relation to its Sab^ 
batical Years fuppos'd by Mr. L. to have been not kept. 

That this is no other than a true State of the cafe it is plain, f orafmuch 
as Mr. L's feventy fuppos'd Sabbatical Years of the Captivity could irt 
this cafe fatisfie only for the four hundred and twenty working years of 
the whole preceding four hundred and ninety i one of thcfe of the Cap- 
tivity being added to every fix of tbofe forjaibaticaltccom^^ccy and 10 
the whole 70 of the Captivity being added to thofe four hundred and 
twenty working years, making together four hundred arid ninety fabba^ 
ticatytzxs. But where all this while is the fatisfadion to the Land tpr the 
feventy regularly included fabbatical years themfelves of the imagin'd 
preceding period of four hundred and ninety years before the Captivi- 
ty } For in feventy fabbatical weeks of years, or in four hundred and 
ninety years, there are ever regularly included feventy fabbatical yeaixs. 
But thefe feventy fabbatical yearsi whkrh in the very nature, and 
foundation of a fabbatical period are ever included, and therefore 
in their own r^ular courfe ought to havie b^n obferv'd, and kept 
as fuch, are all here fuppos'd to have been n^lefted before the 
Captivity. For 'tis the very foundation of Mr. JL's Hypothefisi 
that for fb mainy fabbatical years of that period of years preceding 
the Captivity, the land was harraffed^ or torn up as in otner ordi* 
nary vears, for which feventy regular fabbatical years it furely 
therefore requir'd an exaSly proportionate refl alfo. But fb'r thele 
the feventy fuppos'd Defolations of the land during the Captivity 
are incapable of making any fatisfadHon : becaufe as above, they 
can but fatisfie for four hundred and twenty working years of 
Mr. -L's feventy weeks preceding the Captivity. 

Therefore in order to have made full fatisfadlion to the Land 
even for thofe feventy regular fabbatical years of that period, as 
fuch they really were by divine infbtution, and order of place, but 
in the Jews violation of them ceafed to be fb, as being propha- 
ned, and unhallowed by their tillage of the Land in theni> even 


{a) Jit, xliv. al. (h) Thi< number of years there is confcffedly In feventy week* 

Qf years, (c) but in a miiUke^ fbrafomch ac Che land refiid ac moft but filry cwo yeu«» 

w X ihaU ihew. ' 

contain exaHly four hundredy and ninety Tears. 2 1 

in all of them according to Mr. L., and in that refped they be- 
came like unto the other four hundred and twenty working years tbere- 
of> diere ought I (ay on this account to have been an additional 
ten years to the Captivity by way of recompence to the Land 
for ten Jabbatical Years of ten more negledted weeks of years in 
this five hundred and fixty years period now before us ; the faid ex- 
Z&. additional number being abfplutcly requilite upon Mr. Vs own 
Hypothefis here (a), as GoSs immediate and adequate funijbment tf 
the ]evrsfar Juch notorious negleii, 

Ajid ifr arther, we view Mr. Vs whole period of five hundred and 
feventy years here, as not only his feventy years of the Captivity 
as fabbatical ycsLVS, but alfo his ten years as years of yuhilee are 
thrown into four hundred and ninety, to the making them five hun- 
dred and feventy Years equal ftill according to him only to feventy 
tveeks) and if we divide this larger number by feven tor the caft- 
ing out the fabbatical years of that whole number of years, that 
evidendy gives us one other fabbatical year, as fevcn times eighty 
one is certainly found in that number, befides the remaining years. 
But here the years of the Captivity in this view are ftill incrcat 
ing to the farther confirmation o/ the point in hand. The ab- 
fiirdity whereof is too apparent to be infifted on, forafmuch as 
the years of the Jevjifb Captivity were not of eighty years con- 
tinuance, as in the former view it muft have been; and more it 
muft have been in this upon the footing of Mr. JL's fuppofition 
before us, but was only a Captivity di feventy years, 

Unrdly-i Mr. I*, himfelf, however he hath built his HypotheCs 
upon this his imagin'd negledt of (b many fabbatical years among 
the yevis eiea£tly of feventy *weeks preceding the Captivity, as the 
VERY OCCASION, or REASON abfolutely, (as in the places a- 
bove (b) quoted) of his feventy years defolations of the land, yet he 
himfelf hath elfewhere {c) taught us to look upon this only as 
among other reafins, and confequently not as the v)hok 2nd file occa- 
fion for which the Defolations qf Jerufalem were brought upon the 
yews. And Mr. L. hath heref^Jat laft doubtlefs fpoken the truths as 
other great and moving caufes, viz, many other notorious, and 
heinous tranfgreffions among the Jews as well as this were evident- 
ly concurring to this God's remarkable punifliment of his people 
in thus his giving them into the hands of, ^nd fiattering them among 
the Heathen J 2iS it might be gather'd from many padages of the 
Prophets to this purpofe, were ^here occafion for it {e). { 

C 3 And 

(a) Agreeably to what Mr. I., hath told us, p, 2,6. L 10, &c, and elfewhere. 4 

(A) viz.. in page 16 above* (f)in^. 67. /. 7. (^) ib. (*) It may fuiHce t» 
note thefe following. Jer.xxv. 4, &c. where the Prophet in general terms repro- 
ving the Jew diibbedience, afterwaxds foretells the feventy years Capttvicy. And Ch^ 
xxxii. 29, 34, gf, the utter Deftnj6bion of the 7>w* in the i iih oi Zedeki ah is evident* 
ly attributed to their ^honunMions in cttnfing Judah to Jin» So again Ch, xliv. 3. And 
to menoon only one text more, vix.^ 2 C/>ron. xxxvi. 14. where we read both of the 
JFrieJiti and the fe^le their tranjgrejftag very mmh after all the^A'BOMlNjiflONS of thi 1 


^2 That the Seventy Weeks of this Tropbecy 

And therefore furely Mr.L. hath in vain endeavour'd to find out 
Other pafi&ges in Scripture in his favour, as proving the fcventjr/wr* 
Defolations ^Jerufalem to be no other than his imagined refting of 
the WHOLE LAND from tillage all that time by way of the 
Je*ws exoB payment, or facisfadion to it as above. Such are thefe 
Texts following, 

Frrfty that in j the Prophet 5^«w^. [Ch, xxv. ii.] 

Sscondly, that in the fecond book of Chromcks. [ch. zxxvi. 21.] 

But neither of thefe Texts are really for Mr. X«'s purpofe other- 
wife than he hath made them fo by his own miftaken glois up* 
on them. 

In the former Text we read thefe words of the Prophet concern- 
ing Judaa, this whole land JbaU be a Defilation^ and an Afiomfb^ 
menf. And thefe nations Jhall ferve the King of Babylon feventj 

Hence infers Mr. Z. (a) that according to the Prophet, the 
WHOLE Land cf ]\xix3L during thejfacetf feventj years was to lye 
JVHOLLY defolate. 

But this can be no otherwUe than as Mr. L. hath coupled the 
Prophets feventy years in the end of the verfc with the whole of 
it,- whereas the Prophet hath certainly fixed it only to the latter 
part thereof. For thus he hath told us here expreflly as to the 
^ajfalage of the]evfs, that their Nation Jbould ferve the Kmg ofBsL' 
hyion feventy years : but as to the WHOLE land's lying defolatey at 
leaft vci Mr. Ls fenfe of the lants refting from tillage all that 
time, he ^ath not (aid it, that this alfb fliould be for feventy 

But Mr. L. hath told us, that the words Seventy years are to be 
applied to both parts of the ^d verfe. And he hath aUb told us (b), 
that this is evident from the Prophet Daniel, as he hath (aid (r) that 
hi underftood the number of ysars *whsreof the ivordof the Lord came to 
Jeremiah theFrophst that he vyould accon^Ufb feventy years in the Defr 
lations <f Jeru&lem. For adds Mr. £. lb:re is no other place in 
Jeremian, to which what is here faid can be froterly^ if at all refen^d, 
as the faid I \th vsrfe of the 2*^th Chapter ^Jeremiah. 

Now with Mr. i!s good leave why might not Darnel refer here 
alfo to that other place (^0 in Jeremiah hereunto evidently relating* 
as well as this ? 


Heathen, and polluting the heufe of the Lordy 6cc, -—-Here the IsKted Hiftori^n prin- 
cipally and moft expreflOy UDgfes out the great fin of IPOLATRV as a mofi: certain » 
and prevailing occafioQ of the Defblations ot J-ernfalem ; however Mr. L. barb con- 

could not io intend if* we (hall fee more at large preiencly 

(«)/. 12. /. 13. (^) ib. (t) Dmi.ix. ver,z. (d)viK,Cb, zxix. lo.Thus 

faith the Lord> that AFT£R leventy years be aGcompli(hed at 'Bahyhny I will viQc jroiht, 
and perform my good word towards you in cauling you to i^eturn to this place. 

contain exa^lyfow hundred^ and ninety Tears. 2 $ 

What hinders that he fliould not have referred to both? Or 
what is there in this more than in that, that fhould malce liiin 
wholly to r^rd that? and have no regard at all to this? 

In both places feventy years are eaudly predidcd to be accam" 
fl^ed. But in that re^rr'd to by Mr. Iio and according to him 
by Darnel alfo, only the feventy years Defolatums are foretold ,• In 
the other a gracious promife is made by Goi to his people of 
their return jrom Babylon into their own country after thofe Jiventy * 

To this therefore without all queftion Daniel might equally re- 
fer as to that; indeed much rather, as the here promis'd return of 
the Jews after that God had accomplifhed feventy years in the De» 
filations ef Jerdalem, was a much more pleafing refledion, for 
him to have fixed bis thoughts upon, than barely as in the other 
place, the term of the Jews denounced Defilations, or fsventy years 
VaffaUge to Babylon. 

But it really matters not to which of thefe tv('o places Daniel re- 
ferr'd^ as to Mr. Lumcaftei^ inference from thence to the making 
the fiventy years Defoiatiom of Jerufalem^ and the land's lying 
IPHOIjLT defilate to be of equal continuance^ or to have had one* 
and the fame beginning, tho' they had one and the fame end- 
ing in the Jews return from Babylon, For this is evidendy to 
confound the hiftory of thofe times, and to make thofe things of e- 
ual duradoUj which in h6t were otherwife. Fon as we fhall fully 
anon> the Defolations of Jemfdem were actually commenced in 
the fourth year of Jehoiaiinty when the City was taken by Nebu^ 
chadnezzar» and when alfo the King of Judah became tributary to 
the Kii^ of Bahyhn, and when Confequently began the feventy years 
Caftvwtyy and Vaffalage to Babylon. And thefe now begun Defolati- 
ons ^ Jeruialem were from time to time increafing and carrying on 
till the nth of Zedekiah', eighteen years after, when they were hilly 
accomplifhed in the burmng of the City, and Temple, and were 
thenceforward attended with the Defolations cf the If^OLE land as 
then at foonefl the Land b^an to lye WHOULT defilate, and fo 
continued till the end of the Captivity. 

But as Mr. £. hath, notwithffanding, conceived that D^i«if/ could 
not fo properly refer to our place of Jeremiah, as to his, it muft be, 
as I fuppofe, for this reafon, viz. becaufe it was in the firfi {a) year 
cf Darius that Daniel underflood this, as to the number cf the years of 
the Defolations of Jerufalem ; and in that year the punifhment of the 
Kmg of Babylon, and of that nation began. Therefore Mr. L. 
might be induced to think that Daniel might moft properly, if not 
wholly refer to his place of the Prophet Jeremiah (b). 

But even this doth not hinder but that ftill Daniel might with 
equal propriety refer to that other place of Jeremiah (c) alfo : tho' 
it was but in the frfi of Darius that he made that reference, and 

C 4 two 

. M Dan. ix- i> z* W- See Mr. L, p. ia. (<) C*. xqdx. lo, 14. 


z^- That the Seventy Weeks of this ^rofhecy 

two years before the adual accotnplifhment of the divine pix> 
Q^ife CO the Jenjis of God's caujmg them to return to their 
flace {a). 

And there is reafon to think that he did (o» becaufe he (peakg 
cxpreflly not of Bahylons downfall at the end of feve»ty years, but 
of the ending of the Defolatiom cf Jeru&lem after their appointed 
ticne> as God by his Prophet Jeremiah had determined ito accomfbjb 
feventy years in tmfe Defilations \h). 

But whereas Mr. ^. muft here neceflarily have imagin'd that as 
he hath fince> fo Daniel muft alio before him have concluded that 
the Defilations of Jerufalem fhould have their ending immediately 
in the downfall of Babylon, this I objed againfl as bei^ very unlike- 
ly, becaufe as yet the fiventy years of the Captivity were not fully 
accompliihed. Nor was it till two years after, when the Jews 
were releafed, and returned home by virtue of Cyrufs Decree, 
granted to them for that purpofe in the firft year of his reign af- 
ter the death of Darius {c). For till that time furely not only Je^ 
rufalem, but the land of Judxa diJ in hSt lye WHOLLY defo- 
late, and fo long confcquendy She kept Sabbath according to Mr. 
Is. himfelf, from 2 Chron. xxxvL 21 : And therefore the Defola-- 
tions cf the land could not have an end two years before in the 
frfi of Darius, which in fatSt continued two years after, viz. till 
the firfi of Cyrus. 

Therefore did we after all grant Mr. L. that Daniel in the 
place before us might more properly refer, as he would have it> 
to his place of Jeremiah^ and have not at all referred to the other 
place, which by the way as we have fliewn is very improbable, 
yet Mr. I, can get nothing by this : but muft herein plainly fee 
himfelf confuted upon his own foundation. For then his infe- 
rence or deduction from thence of the WHOLE LAND'S lying 
defilate or retting from tillage EXACTLY leventy vears will be 
followed with a neceflary excefs of two years, or ot its lying defi^ 
late feventy two years : as it necefliarily muft have done flxOTi his 
tniftaken beginning of the feventy years of the Jeviijb Captivity 
from the nth of Zedekiah in his twenty years rife thereof, at the 
cxa£t diftance of feventy years from the year of Cyrus's taking of 
Babylon, where he ends the Captivity ; of which more hereafter. 
f*-However we are ftill. to fpeak 

Secondy^ To Mr. Vs like {i) miftaken dedufiion ('wc. of the 
lanis lying If^OLLl" defilate feventy years) from 2 Chron. xxxvi 
ZO, 21. where we read the following woids. Them that had e(ca» 
pedfcom the fvmd, carried he f Nebuchadnezzar) away to Babylon: 
vihere they were Servants to him, and his So?ss^ until the reign of the 
Kingdom of Perfia. To fuKl the word of the Lord by the mouth of 
JeremiaU^ until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths ; For fx lojg^ as 

cmtainex0ly four hundred^ and ninety Tears. 25 

She lay de folate, Jhe kept Sabbath^ to ju^ll threefcore amd ten years. 
Upon thefe words Mr. L. hath thus commented) 
Here *tis expreffly faid that during the time of the Jews Servitude 
to Nebuchadnezzar, and his fins in Babylon> after that they nvere 
carried thither ifon their Temple keint burnt, the land kept Sabbath 
that is, lay defolate« and untiUed jeventy years^ herein accomplifhifig 
JeremiahV Vrophecy. 

Thus Mr. L. bath giv'n us his ienfe of thele Texts^ with a re- 
markable Introdu&ion that his (aid fenle of them^ as here it flands* 
is EXPRESSLY (aid in them. 

But that it is really no otherwiie £iid in them> than as he hath 
lb made it by his own improper ^ofs on the woids, it will be evi* 
dent by confidering thefe texts> and bv ihewing that in truth no- 
thing more fizn, or ought to be inferr'a from them, than what if 
of a certainty confiftent.with the fenfeof the Prophet Jerennah in 
the places here referred tOj as dired reference is made to that 
Prophet in them. For lE^xra the fuppoied Author of the book of 
Chromcles could doubtleis have na other meaning in thefe texts of 
the Prophet here referred to, than that Prophet himfelf had in thofe 
Texts. But Ezra could I think refer to no other than the pla- 
ces of Jeremiah which have been already here confider'd, and that 
flace efpecially to which Mr. L. hath confin'd the reference of the 
'rophet Daniel: but with what foundation^ and fucceis we have 
lately feen. 

And as to the WORD of the lard by the Trophet Jeremiah which 
is immediately, and expreflly referred to, by the Author of the book 
of Chronicks in the veries now before us (a), that as to the deter- 
mined time thereof of fiventy years, as I have before . Ihewn upon 
the words (b) of that rrophet, cannot be referred to the WHOLE 
land's lying de folate'^ or refting from tillage all that time, (becaufe 
the Prophet hath not faid it;) bu,t only to the Captivity of the 
Je^s^ of , which, and which only 'he hath fidd it expreflly, that 
they ihould fo long ferve the K/»^^ Babylon. And fuch in fad 
was the duration of the Captivity, and of the Defolations ^ Jerufa- 
lem (as I have obfcrv'd, and as I fhall undeniably prove anon) but 
not fo of the lands lying WHOLLT defolate ; as the former certain- 
ly began from the ^h ^ Jehoiakim, but the latter at fooneft only 
from the ii/^^/'Zedekiah, eighteen years after: as at pleafureit 
may be leen in the Table annexed. 

As therefore we are thus determined as to the fenfe of the Pro- 
phet's words before us, fo we mufl: neceflarily be determin'd as to 
the fenfe of the Author of the book of Chronicles in the place be- 
fore us, where the Prophet is quoted. . 

And fo we may very well underftand that Author's meaniiM; 
here, as taking the words X.o fulfil three fcore and ten y ears ^ and thole 
pnly, as they certainly are the words of Jeremiah, but all the fore«^ 


^6 That the Seventy Weeks if this Tr&phecy 

going from the word JeremiMh downwards vit. \lJutil the lamd had 
enjoieJ her Sahbathsy far [9 bmgsf Jbelay JifiUae, Jbe ktpt SMatb] 
as beii^the words of die Author of tbe book of Cbramckt, as diey 
certaiofy are> but not as I can any where findj the Word if the Lord 
by thenumth 0^ Jeremiah. 

Therefore I prefuine that tbofe words may moft properly be 
readj as I have here included them in a Parenthe(is> as being an ex« 
cellent obfervation of that Author^ tndSi probably of Ezroy who a 
Scribe learned in the Law might therefore thus moft fignificandy, 
and truly note here with immediate refpeA to a notorious tranf* 

Eef&on of it among the Jews in this particular* that whereas they 
d gone into Captivity for their nuuiifold« and repeated tran%rdE- 
(ions of duty, and of this among others^ and whereas that Capti* 
vity was of fevevty years determined continuance* for it was the 
n)ny noenrd of the Lord by the meuth (0^ Jeremiah {a) who predided it« 
fo in fuch determined duration of it* it would not coniequendy be 
at an end, imtilthe Lmd hady of courfe, enjosedherSabbafhs-y [that 
is* thofe Sabbaths of which by the Jews tran^reflSon of duty* as 
they kept them not* ihe had been formerly deprived :] for adds that 
accurate Scribe, fo Img, [or fo many years of the Captivity] as fbe 
lay de folate ifhe kept Sabbath. . So long without all difpute fhe did fo. 
She certainly tept Sabbath fo hmg zsjbe lay WHOLLT defolate. But 
as certainly aUb ihe could keep Sabbath no longer than fhe adually 
did lye wholly defilate. But ihe did not lye thus defolate all the 
years of the Captivity. She lay at the moft fo, as I ihall evident^ 
ly prove it* but fifty two years. Therefore it is impolSble that the 
Author of the book of chromcles fhouki have applied, or extended 
the^tf»/XyMr^^ Jeremiah to the Jyefolatum oj the WHOLE landy 
or of the lands being WHOLLY defolate, equally as to the De^ 
filations of Jerufidem* or the Vaf&lage* and Captivity of the 
Jews {b). 

But whereas* after all* Mr. L hath maintain'd the faff, viz. that 
the land did lye WHOLLT defolatoy or refted from dUage during the 
WHOLE time of the Captivity of the Jewsy and whereas his Ex- 
pofition of the text before us* and his affign'd OCCASION of the 
feventy fears Captroity, and indeed his whole Hypothefis is entirely 
depending upon the miftaken FACT : And ' yet forafmuch as we 
ought not to fuppoie but that Mr. l. thought that he had evident* 


(«)y^. XXV. T r. (h) Nor hath the fkid Author any where confin'd the 70 years 

of JermfaUm*s'DelQ\zuon& to their taking date from the nth of ZedekUh, He fpake 
laft indeed of King Zedekiah, ver. 20 ; but there ends the Hiflory of thofe times in the 
Jems accomplilhed Defolations i Which were however begun 18 years befbre> and which 
accordiiie fto this (acred Hiftorian here Uped mttil the reign of the. Kingdom of Perfia., 
Then this Writer throws in a genet al Obfervation upon the whole with rerpe£lto ail 
the great Evils brought upon the 7«i»* by NebmhadneKxari of which he had been before 
giving a relation in this Chapter ^om verfe 6th downward that they were* as in ver. 21, 
to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth 0/ Jeremiah, even to fulfill 70 jtsrs i even thofe ' 
70 Years of which this Prophet had propbeued in the ^th of Jehoiakimy and in tbefirft of 
Nebuchadnezzar (the Son) K^nf^ of Babylon [Jer. xxv. x.J In which the Defolations of 
Jerufalem began ; As it will evidently appear hereafter. 

contain exaSfyfour bundredy and ninety Tears. 27 

and fufficient proofs of the fkd» I fliail therefore beg leave now to 
look into the fuppoiedfa&j as be hath giv'nit us^ that fo it xn^yap* 
pean how far forth he hadi made it out> or fall'n ihort of k. 

The fad it felf> o^s. thefad as luppos'd by Mr. L of the Land of 
Judads Ijing WHOLhX defiUte, or refiivgjrim tillage 70 2wr, is 
founded in its taking equal date with the Captivity of the Je'we. 
Therefore the Captivity h by Mr. £. fixed to the i ith year of tfat 
Tcign of ZeJekiabj when Jerufakm was deffaroyed» the Temple was 
burnt by NelmchadMzxMr, and the ^i^wr carried captive iotoB^^&ui; 
whence indeed the LnuPs lying WHOLLl je folate (a) may takeits dat^ 
but then at the fooneft : but not (b the Captivity; becaufe the truo 
I Ith year of the reign of ZedeUab in no wife admits of it^ as the 
fame is truly according to our (t) moft learned Cbronologers but at 
52 years diftance fix>m the releafe^ and return of the yews into 
their own Land in the firji year of the reipt^ of Cyrus Kimg ef Per* 

Therefore Mr. £. to help his Hypothefis here hach ^iv'n the £ud 
I Ith of Zedekiah a 20 years lift) and in fuch rife thereof he hath pla^ 
ced ti?e &me at the exadt diftance of 70 years from the taking of 
Babybm by Cyrusy where he ends the Captivity {d). And in fuch 
raifed i itb ef Zedekiah Mr. l. hath of courfe tnade the fame to cor- 
reipond with the 19/^^^ NabopoUaf^r, or Nebuchadnezzar thefirp^ 
or the father) which in truths that is accc^ding to the hdy Scrip* 
tures^ suxl even Jjfifhus alfo, as I (hall make it to appear, can pofEuy 
be correfponding only with the l^th ef Nabocollaiar, or Nebo* 
chadnezzar the Greats or the Som (e). 

However thus is produced by Mr. L- an Hypothefis of the lojul 
if ]udzh its lying defilate, WHOLLY defolate 70 years eaual to the 
Captivity of the Jews from the iithrf Zedekiah to the taking of Ba- 
bylon by Cyrus. 

And theie Proceedings Mr. x. hath endeavour^ to juftifie, Tirftj 
from Scripturey Secondly j from Berofisj and Jofephus (f). But how 
truly it will appear from the following Enquiry. 

Firft, Into the Scripture Account of thefe mattera. 


(a) Tbeworiif jof JermU, [a. zzv. 11.] are. This WHOLE lumd fhalUe a DefiSs*- 
tim. Which words were La the gresteft meadire fi]l&ll'd9 when the Temple and City 
of Jernfalfm being delbroyed, the WHOLE Land of J mdsh alfo was brought in a man* 
ner to utter Deiblation. But if the words be to be taken in the ftn6(eft fenfe oftbe WHOLE 

before Jt.D, 584* in the 23d of Nihmch^utnexxar [the Son] when Nebuscaradan conunft 
again into the Land of Ifrael feiz'd upon all of that race chat he could meet with, ana 
made them all Prifoners, and feet them to Babylon : the number whereof was but 74^ 
Feriboa. Jer- lii. 30. And this flill cuts oft irom Mr. L*s (uppofed number of negle^- 
cd babbacical Yean among the 3^ev<. {b) A,f<p,Ujheri ^. Uoy 4 1 Dr, Pridcattx, 

(c) Ezra i. I. {d)T'wo years fliort of the true Scripture nrftof Cyrmst as we (hatt 

ibew aQon> (t) For thus it (eems the Jtws difHoguifiied the two Nehnchadnfuxart^ 
T>.GanK* a Cfc'cift l.ii-n« iSf. M^Jh.Qaoju p. jrjf, Frid* CoA. Hid. Vol. u 
F* 49* U) P* H* ^S' ^ Mj JL'4 book. 

2 g That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecy 

And the holy Writ is in truth fo fer from having giv'n any the 
leaft countenance to Mr. L. in his b^inning the 70 Tears cf the Cap- 
tivity of Judah in the 11th iff Zedekiah in his miftaken rife thereof 
correfponding with the i^tb year ef Nebuchadnezzar the father^ or 
in his ending them in the taking af Babylon by Cyrus^ that accord- 
ing to it> the faid Captivity necedarily began in die d/ib year of the 
reign of yehoiakim coincident with the i^th of the (mNebuchadnez^ 
%ar, and coincident with xhcfirji (a) of his Son Nebuchad. reigning in 
conjun&ion with him ^ And therefore according to Scripture alfo the 
faid Captivity had not its ending 'till the adual releafe, and return of 
the Je*vjs in thtfirjl of Cyrus two years after his taking of Babylon for 
bis Uncle Darius (b), Firjly as touching the Scripmre Account of 
the fiventy Tears Captivity of Judah in the Beginning thereof. That 
I affirm of a certainty to be in the 4/A year of Jehoiakim^ (and not in 
the I ith af Zedekiah) as coincident with the i^th of Nebuchadnez- 
zar /ib^^^^ : And that becaufe, as by all the following accounts it 
will appear beyond contradidion> and as it may be feen in the Table 
annexed, the faid 4/A of Jehoiakim is truly correfponding with the 
19th of the faid Nebuchadnezzar at 70 years diftance from Cyruses 
Succeflion in the whole Empire upon the death of Darius (c) : 
Whereas the nth of Zedekiah (which was at 18 years diftance lower 
from the faid 4/A of Jehoiakim) can therefore be correfponding on- 
ly with the Scripture i^thof Nebuchadnezzar the Sonj and not 
poffibly fo with the 19th of Nebuchadnezzar the father, as Mr. L. 
hath made it for the feke of his Hypothefis, in evident inconfiften- 
cy, and utter irreconcileablenefs with the Scripture Account of the 
Beginning of the feventy Tears Captivity ^ Judah, as the following 
Inftances will clearly, and fully demonftrate. 

Firfi, Mr. Vs rais'd nth of Zedekiah as coincident with the i^t^of 
Nebuchadnezzar the father is utterly inconfiftent, and repugnant 
with the Scripture Account of the Captivity of Jeconiahy even in Mr. 
X*s own account of the time thereof. 

For the King of Babylon (Nebuchadnezzar the Son) took him in the 
eighth year of his reign. 2 Kings xxiv. 12, &c. Now if this be made 
the 8th year not of the Son, but of the fether, as Mr. L. hath made 
it, then of courfe it Ms in with the year of the J. P. 4096 {d). And 
Mr. L. hath made it to fall in with that year. But from this Year 
to the year of the taking of Babylon hy Cyrus there are full fourfcore 
Years. And thus neceflarily all this while they of Jecoraahh Capti- 
vity ftill remained in Captivity. But even the preceding Captivity 
of Judah in the a^th of Jehoiakim was to be a Captivity but of 70 
years continuance. It was the tsigte{%viordof the Lard by the Pro- 
phet Jeremiah (e). 


{a) Jer.xxv, T. (b) At 70 veawdiftan^ from the 4th of Jehoiakimy^s it may 

be feen in die Table annexed. (c) Which was theretore the true Scripture ^r/? of Cj- 

rmsi ns we fhall tully (hew hereafter, (i) Or which is the iioft ufefiil way of recko- 

ning to us CkriJiiartSi'iTi the Year before A» D. 6i8« (c) Jer, xxix. xo« 

contain exaBly four hundredy and ninety Tears. 29 

But if the Ci^tivity rf Judah did not b^in> as according to Mr. 
£. it did noti 'du the nth rfZcdda^y coincidoit with the lotb rf 
Nebuchadile72Ar the father, that Captivity alone being of 70 Yean 
duration^ then on the other hand the Captivity 0/^Jeconiah which be« 
gan with tbcfirft of Zedekiah* and thus muft have preceded the C^ 
trvity ^ Judah, muft in this cafe be (aid by Mr. £. to be no Oiptivity9 
or if allowed to have been onej it thus neceilarily becomes a fourfcore 
Years Captivity. And thus alfo the truly precedii^ d^tivity ifjvh 
dah will be proportionably increaiing. The great abfurdicy of 
which Confequences> and their downright Contradi&ion to the ac« 
count of the holy Scriptures in theie matters^ is evident at G^nc 
And they will be made much more ibj if it be confider'd 

Seamtijy that the expreis word of God by the Prophet feremab 
in his letter to all the Caftrves at Babylon was not> could not po(^ 
fibly be fulfill'd in this Mr. i^% unaccountable rife of the EUventb 
of Zedekiaii as made coincident with the iQth ef Nebuchadnezzar 
the father. For it was m the beginmmg of ZedelaahV rflfg» {a)y \XL. 
foon ifter that Jeconiah> ani the capttve Court *were departed from Je^ 
rulalem {b)fbr Babylon, that upon the falfely predided return ^ter 
t*u30 tears » ^Jeconyi, and alt the Caf trues (^ Judah {c)^ thePropheC 
Jeremah in a fblemn letter by God's immediate appointment written 
in general to ALL the Captives at Babylon {d), viz. to thoie who 
had been captivated in the ^h of Jehoiakim, as well as to thofe of 
yecomah*s Captivity, gave them All pofitive affurances from God (e), 
that AFTER LXX Tears njjere accomfhfhed at Babylon, He ixouldvH 
fit thenty and perform his goodwordto them, in caujmg them to return 
to their place. Now here were v/e to fuppofc that the Prophet's Let- 
ter was writ) and the Promiie of God in it was made only to them 
of JeconiaKs Caftivityy yet the promife even in this fingle view of it 
was in no wife made good in Mr. X*s raised i ith of -Zedekiah. Nor 
could it poffibly have been in fuch miftaken Hypothefis. 

For there being 70 Years according to Mr. L. between his rais'd 
nth of Zedekiah, and the downfal of Babylon in the taking thereof 
by Cyrus, (Mr. I's Year of the ending of the Captivity,) it of courfe 
follows that the Captivity of thofe who had been carried away cap- 
tive with Jeconiah muft neceflarily become a Captivity of 80 Years, 
as Jeconiah and they who were captivated with him (/) bad been now 
full ten years in Captivity in the nth of Zedekiah. 

But this is diredly contrary to God's exprefs, and e/pecial Pro- 
mife to his people by his Propnet, of delivering them ^er that UCX" 
Years *were accompli/bed, &c. as above. Alafs, what a ftrange way 

is this of evidencing God's faithfulnefs to his people ? Efpecially 

if we confider farther how much more flagrant the Abfurdity, and 
Inconfiftency before us doth yet become, when we look upon the 


(f)Cb. xxviii. I. (b) Ch. xxix. 2. (f) Ch> xxviii; 3, 4. {d) Ch. xxix. r. 

ALL the people whom had carried away captive from JernJaUm to 

to That tJ^eStytnty Wctks of this Trophecf 

Ptopbec's letter as written to ALL the then C^trves at Babylon, as 
undoubtedly it was : for the text is therein exprefi> (a) viz. Unto 
ALL that are carried awaj datives, whom I have caufed to he carrt-' 
ed aw^, 2cc. 

In this refpeft both the Prophet's Letter, and God's feithful pro* 
miie therein made co his people are rendred ftill of leis effed, and 
the latter is (till farther on from having been fulfilled according to 
the exprefi purport of the former, bv how much the Cdftivitj of 
Judah began fooner than did that of jecomah. 

And that the faid Letter of the Prophet did certainly concern thofc 
of the Captivity ^ Judah in the fiufth ^f Jehoiakim as well as thofc 
who were carried away captive with yecomah, it is alfo evident from 
the Pvaentyfifih ch^tar tff Jeremiah. In which chapter as the Prophet 
had in the /^h of Jehoiakim prophefiod of the LXX Tears Captivity 
«f Judah> which in that year fell out accordingly, equal to, or coin-- 
cident with the firfi year of Nebuchadne^ixar {b) king of Babylon, 
(but that the firflnot poflibly of the father, as Mr. L, would have it, 
but of thefon's two vears reign in conjundion with bis father, as I (hall 
folly (hew before I nave done with this matter) fo in that Chapter he 
did alfo prefigniSe to the Jews the determined time of their Capti- 
vity,* As he rold them expreflly concerning it {ver. ii.j that their 
Vajfalage to the Kitfg of Babylon fhould be of the continuance but 
^ LXX Tears, 

So that the Prophet's Letter to the Captives of Baboon now in 
the hegiming of Zedckiah's reign was in truth nothiqg elle but a reci- 
tal of what he had declar'd then as the word of the Lord to them 
In the fourth of Jehoiakim. And the faid recital was occafion^d 
merely by the foothing predidion of a falfe Prophet {c) as befor^ 
noted. And therefore the Prophet Jeremah was neceflitated thus 
to call to the remembrance of thofe Captives his former predic- 
tion for the quieting them under God's determined Captivity of 
Judah for 70 years: Which 70 years had been now going on 
from the very year of their predidion, vi%. the fourth of Jehoia- 
kim, and the /r/?<7^ Nebuchadnezzar (d) the fon. In which on- 
ly true view of"^ the beginning of the Captivity of Judah, and of 
tne fubfequent Captivity Of Jeconiah in the /r/? cf Zedekiah, God's 
Promife to his people by the Prophet, as above, was moft exadly 
fulfilled. But it was in no wife fulfilled in Mr. i's Hypothefb? of 
beginning the Captivity of Judah from his rais'd i ith of Zedekiah> 
to his therefore neceflarily making the Captivity of Jeconld> to have 
precede that of Judah by ten years, which in fad was not 'till full 
8 years after, as the fiiid Captivity did not begin 'till the true /r/? of 
Zedekiah : As may be feen in the Table hereunto annexed. Con(e- 


(a) Jvr. xxix. 4. (Q a. ZX7. u (r) See ^tf. xxviU. Z) 3) 4) and Ck* zxuc* 

amtam efCaEilyfour hundred^ animmty Tears. % i 

JUrSjy Mr. Z/s Hypocbefis ia thefe pardcuian 18 in no wife tccoiH 
cileaUe with tbe Pro^ihec ExeUefs reckoning of the Yean oF die 
Qipdvity of Jecmnab^ by which diat Prophet reckons throughout all 
\ua PtopModes^ as be wasone of that Captivity {a), 

Mr. L. m truth abounds with miftakes in his feveni Yean of 
diat Captivity* which are all Heceffiry Confequencesof his groflly 
miflaken ii#i&^2jedekiahin hb 20 vean unaccountable rife thereof 
As it will be very apparent) if we tane a fliort view of his Chrooo* 
logy di tbtjeus or Jeenist^s Cqxivity. For inflance, take we in 
Older thofe Year^ as he hath eiv'n them in his book. 

Ftrfis AtsUtrtb Year. To this according to Mr. correfpood- 
ine tbeycar of tbe y. P. 4105 (h). From thence to the year 41 yd (r) 
where Mr. L, ends the Caftivify of tbe Jews there are 71 Years, to 
which add the preceding 9 years as this was the tenth, thus thia 
Capdvity alone becomes an e^ty Years Capdvity> as above. And 
Farther the preceding 8 Years or die CafHvifj of Judab being ad- 
ded> as in tm; truth it did ib many yean precede the Captivity of 
yecamab^ iiere is necellarfly an 88 Yean Captivity of Jmlab alfo> aa 
above. Which is diredly contnry ixx only to the very letter at 
tbe Scripture eifewhere (a)y but alfo to the Prophet Esuiielbere in 
his loth of this ^ra of the Cd^tivitjafJecooktL 

For in this loth year txYW of his own Capdvity he prophefied 
9ffdnA PlkfTso King of Egft. But this Pbarae was doubdels not 
Fhars0 Nfdbe, but Pbarao Hofhra, s^mnfi wbam tbe Propbet ^as 
MOW to fit bis face (e) : For according both to Scripture (f) and 
Jofiff^ (g) PioTMO Necbe was cotemporary with tbe Kings Jejiobs 
mdjebi^akm. But as we are ix>w in me lotb ^ Jeconiah's C^privi- 
ty» we are evidendy alfb in the lotb ef Zedekiah. Arid Pbarao Ne- 
Ao could not be now living. For we are now at 21 years diftance 
even from the death of Jopah-^ and Pb. Necbo had probably reign'd 
fom^ yean before the death of that Prince; but he reign'd at 
moft according to Herodotus (b) but 16 yean^ and alfo after him 
leigned Pfamms {%) (be yean> and next King Afrtes^ or the Vbarao 
Hopbra of the Scripture (i). Againft him therefore undoubtedly 
Ezeikl muft here have pro^hefied in the teutb year of tbe Capthn* 
ty of Jeconiah* which was ufo the tentb year ef the reign (f Zcde* 

But to thefe in the Scripture Account of thefe times is evident* 
ly corre(ponding the year of the y. P. 4125 (/) not Mr. L's year 
diereof 4105 (w) : for to that is certainly correfponding EzekiePs 
firftyear of Jehoiakim, and confequendy (bme year of Pbarao Ne-- 


{s)' I. W Or the Year before jt. D. 6o^> fr) Or the Year he 
lore ^. X>. 5*38. (d^Jer.xxv. xiax. {e) Ch,xjax, ti'^i&c. (/) a Kingj 

xxiii. 29> 14. (/) As he hath told us lAnt.Iib, x. ch, v.] that Jo/tsh v.'is kiuSi 
lacing agnnft Necho : and al(b [ch. vi. iniao] that in the 4Ch of Jehoiakhn Neb, fmote 
A. liechtf'g Army. (b) For he gives him no more. And Eufebins [Chron,'] gives 

him only fix. (i) Accordine to aerodotms, who after him gives %Apries ay. But £m- 
febims paffing over Pfmmnis givet Apries 90 years. {k) Jer, xUy. 30. (i) Qt 

Che Year before «4(« D, s9$» (m) Or the Year before «^. P. 6o^. 



'jz That the Seventy Weeks Bfthis Traphecy 

iboy al no lefs than lo years dlftance above his tentb of JecotiiaH'^ 
Capdvicyi or his tenth rf Zedekiah> which neceflarily concurred 
with it. 

But if Mr. i^'s Pharao againft v^hom Exekkl prophefied be alio Tha* 
raoHophray and not Pharao Necho, that cannot be any otherwife than 
as be has by a tnoft unjuftifiable lift:\>f twenty years got the true 
&:ripture iith of Zedekiah into the place of the txucfirft of]t* 
lioiakim> and thereby got Pharao Hophra into the real place of 
Pharao Nechoy whofe reign together with that of yofiab Yiinz of 
yuiiah he hath therefore proportionably advanced alfoy and aU 
this ultimately for the fake of a NEW Hypothefis of the LXX 
Hoeeks of the Prophecy of DameL And thus I might difmiis this 
year> were it not for two other failures under it> which in ju- 
ftkre to the Reader> I cannot pa(s over without fome notice of 

One is Mr. x's placing the 40 Years Prophecy of Ezekiel (a) 
againfl: Pharao Hophra in order of time before his army's coming 
out of Egypt to the affiftance of Zedekiah, who was now (hut up 
in JerufaUm by the army of the ChahLeans (b). Whereas accord- 
ing to Dr. Prukaux (c) much more agreeably to the truths Eze-^ 
hel had not this revelation againfl: Pharao, 'till after the hafty« 
and perfidious retreat of his army on the coming of the Chalda^ 
ans againft them: even for this very reafbn> becaufe it was for 
their perfidy therefore expreflly noted by the Prophet as the juft 
caufe of God's denounced Judgement againft them> at they had 
keen a fiaff of Reed to the Houfi of Ifrael (d). And in what could 
they have made good the comparifon more than they now did in their 
retirmg into their ovm Country upon the approach of the Chaldaan 
army againft them> to the exa£l: fulfilling of God's word herein 
by his Prophet Jeremiah {e) ? 

And therefore Mr. L. might not take due notice of this place 
of the Prophets or elfe he would not probaUy have run into a 
Second miftake here foon after under this year (/). As he 
hath made Pharat^s army to be now entirely overthrown by Ne-^ 
buchadnezzar, and as he hath told us with alU that this Overthrow 
hapned agreeably to JeremiahV Prophecy : Whereas that Prophet, as 
in the verfe biefore quoted (g) is exprefs to the contrary, as his 
words there are, that it was the faying of the God of Ifrael to the 
King of Judah> that Pharaohs Army which nuas come fnrth to help 
the Jews Jhould RETURN to Egypt into their own land. And 
therefore to the fulfilling the Prophecy they doubdefi did foj 
without being overthrown, or even fo much as fighting : but re- 
turning home in a fhameful and bafty retreat upon Nebuchadnezt^ 
Tiaras approach {h). 


{a) Ch, xxix. 12. (h) Not in Mf. Z'/ year of the J. P. 410^, or ^09 before 
l/f. D. but in the year of the J. P. 41 if, or 5-89 before jt, D. (c) Con. Htfi. p* 
78 in fine. (d) Eicek. xxix. 6. (e) Jer. xxxvii. 7, (/) Sec Mr. L. p. jf. 

U) A& in note 9. {h) See Frid^ here (againa Mr. L*) Cm. Hifi* p. 78. 

contain eitra^ly four hundred^ and ninety Tears, j j 

Therefore indeed Mr. L. ihouid not have urg'd the miftakda 
teffimony of Jofiphtts here> who doubtlefs did. not confider this placb 
of yeremah, when he abridged this part of Jev)^ Hiftory^ any more 
than Mr. £. hath fince. 

Muc h lefi ihould H^^MA told us that his^ and that Hiftori* 
an's ENTIRE OVERTHKDW of that Army was agreeable to 
Jenmiahh Piophcqr , for in truth it is fo far from it, that as we 
have (een it is utterly di&greeing with it. 

And b pais we to the next year of Ezekiets JEt2, or of the 
Csftiviiy ^ Jeconiab which ^lr. L, hath noted, and that \^ the 
nth {d). 

. And the Calculation there as in the year preceding is alfo 20 
years too high, as the (ame is placed under the year of the J, 
P. 4iotf {b) ; whereas the true Year thereof in that period is the 
year \\2jS (4- And therefore Mr. h, under his rais'd \uh qf Je- 
coniah's Captivity hath placed Ezekieh Prophecy againft T^re, and 
Nehichadffezzar's laying fiege to it fidl (^) 20 years too early for 
both : Of which more herwfter. ^ **• 

In the I2th year of Jecmnakf^ Captivity in Mr. V% Calculation 
of it {9) and in all thofe years thereof mention'd after (/) it> 'ris 
all One. The lame 20 years dafhing with Scripture runs through- 
out in all the particulars mentioned under it. And here I cannot 
pals over a voy great miftake of Mr. Vs^ as it is a dired con- 
tradi&ion to BxMely as touching the 40 years Defolatim tf £- 

Mr. L. hath fixed the be|inning of that period {g) in the year 
of the J, P. 4122 {h) as oeing equal to the 27th year of Je^ 
€amatfs Captivity. But furdy he did not confider the Prophet E^ 
xekiel here, who hath, told us expreffly (i) that it was 10 the teystb 
year of tlwit Captivity that the prtjf Tears (k) Defilation rf Eg^'pc 
was revealed to him,* and not in the 27/^, of which we have 
no mention till after (I), with a new revelation at 17 years di- 

It was therefore not from the 27th, but from the toth ^ Je- 
coniah'/ Captivity that the 4.0 Years Judgements of God to be ex-* 
ccuted both upon King and People (w) of Efjff in war, Confu^ 
£on> and Ddolation were to take their dace. 

But to the true EzekieiV tenth cf Jeconiah is correfponding the 
year of the jF. P. 4.125 (n). And 40 Years reckon'd from thence 
will end in the year of the y, P. 4165 ((?). But it was not 'till the 
next year after that Cyrus took Sardes (p). And thus there is room 
lor fuch Egyptians as by being taken Priibners during thofe 49 

D years 

f i«J As 1 D Mr. £. p. 3 3. (h) Or in the Year before ^. D. €o9^ (c) X>t 19 tha 
pear before jf. D. j88. (d) Indeed a year or two over here. (e) p. 35-, 
[/) viz, in p. 38. (g) ib. in fine. (h) Orin the year before jt. D, 5-92. 

[») Ch, xxix. 1. (t) ver. ix, (!) ver. 17. (m) ver*. 3, 6» &c. («). Of 

in the Year before A, D, jS^, * (0) Or in ibc year before Ji. D, s^9* (pj Set 
' dtt Table farrcQsco aoexcdt 

34 73&^^ 1^^^ Seventy Weeks of 'this Trophecy 

years had been fiatter'd among the nations^ and SJferfed thrwgb the 
Cotmtries (a) to return into their own land, agreeably to the enfuing 
Prophecy thereof (h), and alfo according to Xenofhon (c)» for »m^- 
ny of the Egyptians to come to the afTiftance of Crtejiis in the year 
following when Sardes was taken by A^^* 

And therefore truly Mr. z. might nere have omitted his remark 
upon fuch as would have thefe 40 Years denounced againft Egypt 
to begin in the year of the J. P. 4142 {d); becaufe though that 
be not a truly affign'd beginning of thefe 40 Years, yet his ^ not the 
true beginning of them) as I have (hewn that it is not> from his 
evident mifunderftanding, and departure from the Prophet here (f )• 

Efpecially Mr. t. might have omitted his aiguing from hence 
(/) for his miftaken Equality of ^QJirft year cf Nebuchadnezzar 
the father with ^t^h ^Jehoiakim> becaufe as he hath here evi-* 
dently miftaken the year of the predi&ion^ fo he hath therein mif> 
taken his foundation : Which therefore moft certainly can be of 
no other ufe here by way of Confirmation, which he there {g) 
ipeaks of on this occafion^ than that> and that truly of confirming 
in miftakes; and chiefly in this which is no inconiiderable one 
among the many which we meet with in his Hypothefis* viz. his 
every where confounding Nebuchadnexacar ^t father with xbtfon^ 
and miftaking the firfi year of the latter for the flrfi of the former : 
and alt for the iake of his 20 years rais'd nth of ZeAsHah. And 
therefore the 13 Years Siege of Tyre is accordingly fixed by Mr.X*. 
afterwards {h) in the like grand miftake. 

' And that aJfo is built upon anothen as he hath {tippos'd (i) from' 
yofephus^ that that fi^ was begun by Nebuchadnezzar in the 7th year 
of his reign in conjundion with his &ther, in at leaft a full 20 years 
miftaken rife of that fiege on that account j for which there is no 
manner of ground, as Nebuchadnezzar could not poffibly have 
reign'd above two Years in conjun&ion with his father^ as we fliaU 
jhew hereafter from Berofis; and alfo as it is much more likely 
than not, with refped to the alledgfd tfeftimony of Jojephus, that 
the 7th year fpoken of bv him in his account of this fiege, was not 
the 7th year of Nebuchadnezzar, (either the &ther or the. fon) but 
really the 7th of Ithobal King of Tyre {k)'^ as I Ihall fhew hereafter 
when I come to look into the teftimonies of Jofephus ui^ed by 
Mr. Ii. in his favour, after that I have done with the Scripture ac- 
count of thefe times, with which I am at prefent immediately coi>^ 

And with the Chronology of the- holy Scripture Mr. Vs iaid 
rife of the fie^e and taking of Tyre is utterly inconflftent : as he 


, (a)Eztk, xxVx. II. (h) ver, 15. (c) As quoted by Mr. i. In p. 59* of hit 
book. (d) Or in the yeat before A. D . J72. (e) See the true beginning of thele 
40 years under the year before ^. D. 589. in the Table annexed* win the Year of th« 
Jf.P. 4125-. So Dr. Prideaux alio. (/) As he hath in p. 3». (g) ib. lin. 16. 

His words arc, this fully confirmsi &c m mifbkes indeedi but m nothing elle. (*) 

fb, (0 ib. fiih fine. (*) Who was moft probably Oj^n in the end of the war acV 
cord log to EsLfiitI, ch. xxviii. 9 — 19« 


ctfhtam exactly four hundredy andnlneiy Tears. i$ 

hath made .the 13 years liege thereof to have been ended in the 
year of thrf^. P- 4II9» or 4120 [a)-, about tnm or three jeari fo- 
fore (b) hiJraisy t^wmty Jhrnah of Jecomah^s Captivity j to which 
in his Account thereof is correfponding the Year or the J. P. 
4122 (c) : . But thefe pretended 2 or 3 years of Mr. L. before the 
aythrfjeconisib, are in truth two, or three and twenty years before 
the true Scripture 27th ofjecomah^ as the year of the/. P. 4142 (d) 
b neceflarily correfponding thereunto, in the Scripture Reckoning 
of the Years of the Captivity both of JuJah, and Jeconiah (J), 

And However Mr. L, ham here quoted the Thamcian Annals for 
the fevouring this part of his Hypothefis relating to the fi^e and ta- 
king of 3>e, that was merely becaufe he took them in a wrong 
view, and applied them to a miftaken firft (e) of Cjrusj as he fee 
out at firft in this matter of Tjire in a groundlefe notion of the 15 
years fiege thereof having been b^un in the 7th of Nehuchadnezzar, 
(of which more hereafter j) whereas in the true view ot thefe Annals, 
their Chronology is exaftly agreeing with that of the holy Scrip- 
tures, and their prfi of Cyrus is the Scripture firft of Cyrus. And 
therefore Mr. l's rais'd 27^* (f Jeconiah's Capfivity, and raised 
fiege and taking of lyre clalhes with tHefai equally, as with the 
hd^ Scripture. 

And thefe things the learned Dr TrtJeaux (f) alfo hath fhewn on 
this very occafion,- and hath fettled the taking of Tyre in the end of 
the preceding year of jecomah's Captivity, viz. of the 26th thereof: 
and that not without fufficient reafon, ft)rafmuch as in the firft 
ffumth, and in the firft day of the month of the ^-jth year (g) that 
Prophet fpeaketh of that City as newly taken by Nebuchadnez^ 


With the faid 26th of Jecomah's Captivity is truly correfponding 
the year of the J. P. 4141 (h) and the 32d year of the reign of 
Nebuchadnezzar (i) ; from which year of that King of Bdhy/on if 
we reckon 36 years as the time aflign'd by the Phoenician Annals 
from the taking of Tyre to Cyrus his beginning his Empire, we are 
brought up to the Year of the y. P. 4177 {k)y which was the fecond 
year after the taking of Babylon by Cyrus {l)> and in. which year Da- 
rius died at Babylon. 

D 2 For 

U) Or in the year before Z4. P. S9S> ©^ 594- , (*) p. 40-. o^ Mr, £. line i^. 
His words there are, tv>o or three Tears before the time of God*s makmg known lo ExekteL 
the DefoUtion of Egvpr, &c. that is, before his 27th oijeconiah : as he had in that yfar 
fixed this ReveUtion of God to the Prophet againft J?^j;>nn another evident miftake, whicb 
makes this matter yet worfej as that Revelation againft E^ypt was 17 years bejore. 
-viz. inthe lothoi J eeonUh, as I have Ihewn f rem £«hV/xxix.i.~i6. (O Or me 

year before A. D. foa. (if) Or the Year before ^. D. px. (e) vtx. the firft of a 30 
years reckoning of Cyr«*s reign, wfde of the Scripture firft of Cyrtu s 7 years reign over 
Che Terfian Monarchy, of which more hereafter. (/) Con, Htfi. p. 92. [&) f^- 

xxix. 17, 18. • I*) Or the year before A. D. 573- . <'lr''- °^ ^i?- '"J^ii 
ter his father's Heath, which is the 34th of his reign in conjucftion with his father j 
of which more hereafter. (*) Or ^37. before A. D. (0 Sec the Table too 

3 6 That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecy 

For according to thole Annals {a) after the Caking, of Tfte by 
Nebuchadfiezzary BW reigned [in new (b) Trye] tenyeirf, Ecnibal 
governed tv)o months, Chdbes ten ffumthsy Abbanis three mmths, 
Micgonus, ondGtn&xzto&fix years, Balator ime year, Mcrbal fwr 
yearsy and after him Hirom> m 'whofi fntrteenth year, Cyrus became 
Enferour of Vcr&a. 

We have thus 3($ years [and 3 months over] exadly anfwering to 
the placing of the taking of Tyre in the end <^ EzekiePs 2dtb year 
of the Captivity of Jesmiab. 

UpoD the whole therefore Mr. Vs beginning, and ending of the 
faid hege in his full 20 years rife thereof in his neceflary rife of the 
true 27Ch of Jecomah occafion'd by his rais'd i \th of Zedekiah^ is in 
DO wile (ixedj as it is pretended {t} to be, agreeably to Scripture, but 
in truth as we have feen> in utter inconfiflency with it. Nor in« 
deed is it fixed agreeably to Jofefhus and Phikfiratusy as it is pre- 
tended likewHe to be io fixed ld)'y as in order I^ fiiall fliew here- 
after. — But pafs we on at preient to the 

Laft year of JecomaVs Captivity, wx, the 37th thereof (fj; a 
tnofl remarkable Year this, as we fhall find it to be by the manifeft 
abfurdities, and inconfiflencies which Mr. X. hath run into therein^ 
utterly irreconcileable with Scripture in his miflaken twenty years 
rife thereof; for the fake of his imagin'd 70 Years of the LanJ^s 
lying WHOLLT defilate from ihtiithef Zedekiah. To this 57th of 
the Captivity of Jeconiah, by Mr. ifs telling is correfpondme the 
Year of the y. P. 4132 (f). From thence to his ending of the 
Captivity of Judah in the year of Cyru^s taking of Babylon are a- 
bout fome 44 Years. And if to thefe we add, as we muft here> 
36 full years of Jecomah\ imprifbnment, here of Courfe the Capti* 
vity of thofe who were carried away captive with him becomes a 
protraded fourfcore years Captivitv as above in Mr. i's own view 
of it : And whereas that of Judak necefTarily preceded it 8 years, 
as the ^h 0/^ Jehoiakim certainly fo long preceded ^fxfi of Zede- 
kiah, thus of courfe in Mr. is Hypothefis the Captivity of Judah 
was a Captivity of 88 years, even in his ending of it ; but as it re- 
ally dkl not end 'till two years after {g), it mim neceflarily thus in 

fafthave been a 90 years Captivity. This ]& the miferable Confe- 

quenceof Mr. iCs rais'd wth of Zedekiah. But this very year of 

Jeconiah^s Captivity, viz. the 37th now before us in the true Scrip- 
ture Account thereof will evidently cut off thofe 20 years, and 
bring Mr. X. his nth of Zedekiah up to the year of they. P. 
412? {h), whereas it now flands with him {}) correfpondk^ with 
tiie year of that period 410^ (i^J. 



{a) Jtf. con. '^pt«H, lib. I. p) See Marffyam. Can. Chron. p. j 39. and Priif, Covl 

Hift. p. 91. {/) p. 41. of Mr. Z.. (<^)ib. (e) Which is the next mcn- 

tioaM by Mr. L. ib. (/) Or before Ji, D, jSi. (g) See the Table annexed. 

(A) and down to the year before jt. D. j88. (>) p. 33. of Mr. L, (*) Of 

xbfi year before ^. D* €o8* 


4i:ontam exaBly four hundredy and ninety Tears. 3 7 

For this is the very year expreffly (jX)ken of by the Prophet Je^ 

remiab (a), as the Year in which Evfl-Merodacb Kmg of Babylon in 

the Bx&jear of his reign bfied uf the head rf ]tho\3Lc\im fjeconiah) 

i King 0^ Judahj imd brought him forth out of frifan. And herein we 

have certain ^ghc into the dates of time now before us,- As the Pro- * 

Ehet hath here giv'n us two unqueftionable Charaders of it, by his 
aving coupled the %jtk of Jeconiah's Captivity with tkefirft of Evil- 
Merodach Sing of Babyloa To the latter wc know that of a cer- 
tainty is correfponding die year of the y. P. 4153 (Jj); and therefore 
alfo to the former muft be correfponding the &me year of that peri* 
od. Alfo hence we come to a certain knowledge cf the true iitb ' 
year rf the reign (f Zedekiah, as the 37/A^Jeconiah's Captivity is the 
37th from the included frft of the reign of Zedekiah., as Jeconiah 
was carried captive in the firfi of Zedekiah. And fo we have full 
proof againft Mr. £'s 20 years rais'd nth of Zedekiah> as that is 
pretended to have been at 70 years diftance from the year of Cyruis 
taking of Batybn, which in mis the true Scripture account hereof 
was really but at 50 years diftaoce from it. 

Upon the whole therefore Mr. L's beginning of the 70 years 1 
Captivity of JuMf from the nth of Zedekiah is utterly difagreeing 
with the Scripture Account thereof. For as we have feen, it is im- 
poffible that agreeably to thatj the faid Captivity (hould take its 
date from any nth of Zedekiah: Not from the true nth thereof, 
becaufe thus in Mr. V% ending thereof {c)y they fall fliort by 20 
years cf that period, as juft now noted ^ not from Mr. £'s rais'd 
wth thereof* equal according to him to the year of the J, P. 
4io<( (^ for that in the Scripture account is evidently (f) the fecomd 
if Jehoi^im. It is impoffible therefore that the faid feventy years 
fiioidd have begun from this year, as the wth of Zedekiah. Nor 
could thav have had their b^;inning even from this year of the 
y. P. ar all. For though from thence to the taking of Babylon by 
Cyrus there are indeed but Jin/fv^ Years, yet after sdl that is not the 
true Scripture Bndmg of the LXX Years of the Captivity. For, 
whereas Mr« X. hath thus notorioufly miftaken the true ocripture 
Beaming of the faid Captivtty> which Ailertion I was to make good 
in the firft place> fo as I come now to (hew 

Secondly ne hath aUb miftaken the Scripture enSng of it^ as he 
bath confounded the Scripture firft of Cyrus's 7 years reign after the 
death of Darius^ (in which firft the y^s returned home by virtue 
of his Decree then iflued forth for it,) with the frft of Cyrus's nine 
years from his taking of Babylon two years before. 

I have already occafionally (/) fliewn againft fuch Mr. Vs endr 
ing of the Captivity, that in his Hypothefis of it the land muft ne? 
ceflarily have hin defolate, and fo kept Sabbath two Years after 
God's appointed time of her Defilatums. For the Jev)s are not 

D 3 fuppos'd 

{a) Ch. Bi. !jxj and X Kings xxv. 27. (*) Or the Year before ^. D, fSi. (c) 
Which is two years fliort of the Scnpnire tirft of Cyrnst (as we fliaU (rx)n oome to 
ftew) wheaand not before ended the Captivity. {d) Or the Year befbr« ^%D* 6od« 
(e) See Che Table annexed. (/)See^ve. 

3 8 That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophec} 

fuppos'd by Mr. L, to have returned home 'till 2 years after Cjru/i 
taking of Babylon {a). But 'till that time accordii^ to him the land 
had lain 'whoUy Je folate full 70 years> and £0 kept Sabbath^ as r^mg 
from tillage all that time^ even becaufe her Inhabitants were wholly 
gone out from her, and there were none to manure her. For the very 
^me reaibn I iay the land according to Mr. JL. muft neceflarily have 
refiedy and kept Sabbath two years longer> even becaufe confefledly 
according to him her Captives did not return 'till two years after. 
So that in die very truth of the matter here> Mr. l. hath £ud as 
much as this, vi%, that the Defolatums of the ivhok laud were at an 
end two years before in fad (he ceafed to lyedefolate, or to be wth^ 
But her Jahatftantf. Which contradidion in terms deferves no far- 
ther notice. Wherefore I obferve farther againft Mr. L's ending 
the Captivity in the Year of Cyrut's taking of Babylon^ that the 
(ame could not be at an end 'till the Onmmmdment went forth from 
the King of Verfia for the releafe, and return of the Jevis into their 
own lat^. This Commandment did accordingly go, forth in the 
name of King Cyrusy and in ^{b)firfl of bis reign. But neither 
did this Commandment go forth in the year of Cyru^^ taking of 
Bahyloth as Mr. L. hath imagin'd> nor was this the Scripture -firi): of 
Cyrusy as Mr. L. moft unaccountably hath made it to be ^ As. it 
will evidently appear in what here follows as touching thefe Mat^ 

For Firft in that cafe the royal Pe?r/?i«r Commandment for the yevH 
releafe and retum muft have gone forth in thelife-time of Dariusy and 
confequently alfb in his name> for whom Cyrus both fought^ and con^ 
quer'd: if notfolely inhisname> atleaftinhisname joindy with that 
of Cyrus. For in truth it is in no wife radonal to luppofe that Cf- 
rus wovid have arrogated fo much as this to himfeU^,* Nor coidd 
his Uncle Darius have been pleas'd with it. Therefore whereas that 
Commandment did adually go forth wholly^ and folely in the name 
of Cyrusy and by a folemn and anrient f Predidion (d) it was to 
proceed immediately from him> it is to be concluded that Dariui^ 
was now dead after his 2 years reign after Cyruis taking of Babylon^ 
and confequendy that the firfi year of his reim in which he rekafej, 
the Jews from their Captivity was (not the firft of a 9 years reign 
giv'n him by the Aftronomer?, who in their Canon have thrown ia 
Dariuis 2 years reign into thole 9 Years of Cyrusy but) the firft of 
his j years reign 5ter the death of Darius -^ as. the Scriptures, as ' 
we fhall fee prefently, having giv n thofe 2 years .to Dariusy have 
confequently recko^i'd but 7 to Cyrus, f Nor is that of the leaft force 
which Mr. I. hath fdeaded to the contraryi as he hath tdd us {e) 
from Dan, ir. 23. that at ^e'ffeginning of his Supplications, in the frji 
jfior 4f Darius^ ver. i, the Commandment m3e»t forth: For theori- 

, . ginal 


' ■ ^» 


(«) p. S^ of Mr. £• (I) Efita I. i; {c\ ISO years before the birth of 
^mf» \ii\ Jf^ab* jdiiT« s.8^ aD4 xin 13* (r) Fresco hi&book. pt 7*. , . 

cmtain exaStlyfaur hundred^ and ninety Tears. 3 9 

ginal J>ebir here hath certainly no other meaning than that barely of 
the nimdi and fo it is tranilated in the following Chapter (a\ and fo 
it might haye been here alfo. But ii Mr. £. would rather have the 
BngM} word Cfmmandsment to ftand here, let it ; for it could not 
poffibly be any other Commandment than that of God to the Angel 
for him to go forthwith to his Prophet Daniel tojbe^ him (i), even 
to fhew him that for which he then prayed : for he no (boner fra/^ 
ed but God heard him ic)» and immediatdy ordered hif Angel away f 
bim to go andjhew him the Vijion (f the LXX Weeks of this Prophe- 
cy (d). This is the plain and natural fenfe of thefe words of Dam- 
eh out of which Mr. L. hath wrefled the gdng forth of Cyrufs 
Commandment in the frfi if Darius. But this Su^ly is abfolutely 
impoflible unlefs as I obferve 

Secondly Mr. i. could prove here withal that the frfi tf Darius^ 
was alfo the firfi of Cyrus. And the only way to do this is to fup- 

Eofe that thcde two Princes reign'd in conjundion fo long as Darius 
ved. And accordingly Mr. L. hath fled to this ihift (0- 

But neither Scripture, nor Xenofhon, nor Ftolemfs Canon can 
help him herein: though he would have us to think that they are all 
of his iide, to (/) the countenancing his imagin'd going forth of 
Cyruis Decree in the year of his taking of Babylon, as the Scripture 
£rft year of his reign inconjundtion with Darius, 

Upon enquiry it will be found quite otherwiie. For 

Tirft, As to Scripture, we find nothing there in the leaft intima- 
ting any conjoined reckoning of the years of the reigns of Darius, 
and Cyrus. On the contrary we find Daniel ipeaking of their reigns 
plainly as feparate, and fucceffive (g). 

Thus he fycaks of ibc firfi year of Darius alone, as having the 
Sovereignty wholly and foldy, as without all queftion it was during 
his life, lodg'd in nim. [Dan, ix. i, 2.] 

The Prophet halh in no wife faid there as Mr. X. muft here 
comment according to his notion. In the firfi of Darius and Cyrus 
reigning together, or in conjunBion, but contrariwife. In the firfi year 
if Darius, [ver. i.] and m the firfi year of his reign, [vcr. a. J But 
iurdy had it been bSt tbsx ttiote Princes reign'd tc^ether, or had 

D 4 the 

(<} ver. II. {*) The Angel** exprefi words her^ [D4w, Ix. 12.] arc, lam etmt 
U fhevf tbte, 1 ask, could the ADgd come without God's ctmnumMng him to go? 

Ko Cirdy.- Therefore we have nothlog to do here with Cyrus* i Commandment. 

(f) Etoi ^t the bigimang of bit SMppHcattms, ver. 23. (d) Not as Mr. L. hath ima- 
gin'd that Cjrmt't Decree wu now gone fictfth. For Daniel ccu^d not but have known 
thatj without the meflage of an Angel, as he was a chief Minifter of State, and as fuch 
was doubtlefi no Scranger to this liefore its going forth, and without all doubt a great Pro- 
moter of it with Cjrms: of which more hereafter, (e) p. 49- 1* 18, and elfewh^re. 
(/) See his bottom note of p. i and 3 for Scripture, and Xenophm : and for PtoUmy 
p. I jT, 24, ajj andelfewhere, ig) And therefore the learned Dr. Irid, [p. 130. Con. 
i*>?.] hath very truly told us that in the Scripwre reckoning after the taking of 3abylc»t 
and the death of 'Beffhaxzatf Darins the Mede is named in fuccelHon. [Dan. vi. aS.J 
before Cfrus ttie Perfian. And the Years [compare D^w.ix. i. with CA. x. i.l of the 
reign otCyr»j are not diere reckon'd 'till the years of the reip oiDarint had ceafeds 
And therefore according to Scripture the 6rft of Cfrmt oumot be 'dll after the death of 

40 That the Seventy Weeks of this ^nphety 

the Sovereignty been equally lodg'd in CyruS'^ as in "Darius durii ^ 
'Dariui his two years reign, in that cafe Darnel would not have fail'J 
to have conjoin'd them accordingly in his reckoning. But we do 
not find fo much as one inftance hereof throughout the Prophecy 
of Daniely but more of the contrary (a), .... 

And all the Ads of Dariuis reign, or publick Decrees iffued 
forth therein^ as recorded by DameU went always and only in hiH 

Thus [ch, vi. I.] We read that it fkafed Darius to fit over the 
Kingdom^ &c. — and [ver. 6.] the Fre^dents^ ami Prmes fidd to the 

King (to what King?- — to Cyrus}'- — no.— -n^o Ks^gumm^ for 

it is exprefs therej King Darius^ live jbr ever. And [ver. 5.] King 

Hmus figf^d the Writing: And [ver. 25.]lCiag: Darius <wro/f unto 

allpeopk. There is not one word in all this of King Cyr^s, For 
as yet he had not the Sovereignty. It was lodged wholly in his 
Uncle^ and father-in-law Darius. For it feems mat foon after the 
redudion of Babylon {h) Cyrus went firft upon a vilit to his own iSi- 
ther Camhyfes in ferjia, and thence into Met&a to his Uncle Darius, 
whofe daughter he now married^ and fo returned to Babylon; .whi- 
ther alfo Darius came with 'him : And upon his coming he took (po& 
fefl^on of) the Kingdom; according to the Prophet (c); Or in the 
Prophet's words elfewhere {d)» He vjos tnad^ Kmg over the realm if 
the Chaldxans. And fo he continued 'till his death about % years 
after Cyruses taking of Babylon (e). 

' And therefore it is that Da/riel reckon'd as above all along by 
thoie two years of his reign till Cyrus the iPerfiast, And there- 
Jbre alfo fpeaking of thofe reigns not in any wife as conjunSdv^i 
%ut plainly as fucceiSve> he hath told us {f)y that he froffe^d in 
the rei^ cf Darius> ^, he proiper'd aliO) m the reign cf Cyriis 
the Perfian. 

Therefore the firfi year of the latter, in which the Deciee in 
favour of the Jews is fiid to have gone forth, as cxpreflly by 
^zra (^), could not poffibly be any other than the Jirfi year of 
his reign after the death of the former. For otherwife that 
learned Scribe could not have dated it in the frfi of: Gytus; b^t 
he muft have dated it in the frfl rf Darius, if not wholdy and 
fdely in his name, at leaft however in his name joindy widi that 
of Cyrus, . . . , 

• And therefore Mr. I. ihould not have been fo bdd with Ezra 
as he hath been to the makihg his frft ^ Cyrus' the fame witfe 
Daniel's jfr/? of Darius. At leaft he ihould have giv'n us better 
proof than that which follows (^}> viz. that Daniel placed the De^ 


(«) Cb. XI. T. [h) XenfpicH Cyrop« lib. 9. (c) Dm\ v. 3I4 (4I) Cb, vi. i« 
(g) Apd Mr. L. himfelf £p. ^o. lis. 14.3 hath told us expreiny* tfaat/eawi fke mvi^ 
vol rf Parius 0t Ba|>yl<)n> and his being made KiH> P^cl dates th$ Jirfi year ef bi$ 
reij^Uf ^nd Mr. L. haih here fpoken the whole truth at once^ For thus it appears thpt 
Varims vns pow King. Wbae doth it appear ^ Cyrnsyfiu i)6w £b ? (f)Cb^ vi. sS* 

(^tb,uu, ■(A)p.j4.- .' ;. ,. . ; ".: :\" : : :" ... ....;, 

loritain exaffly four hundred^ and ninety Tears. 41 

€ne nvifkb tuent forth, not m the firft of Cyrus« Imt m the fitfi of 
Darius^ hecm$fe ho bved m Media nmder him. Whereas £xra njJ)B 
Ih/'d m Babylonj 4md bmg dfier the time of the fnd Ehtiius fkcotb 
thegoiftg firth of tho Decree m the frfi of Cyxm% becsufo bo «mi 
the petfin'nuho ijjuei it out. 

/Jas> I know not what to 67 to fuch Fanciesj and Miftakes* 

Bat in few words. How doth it appelar tli^t Darnel placeth 
the going forth of the Decree in favour of the Jevis in ^ fk/t 

I have already fhewn that there is not any die leail fbundatxn 
for it (<f> 

And as to the here imam'd reaibn of that miftakej How doth 
the hOi appear that Damd was in MeSa, when the Doctee went 

forth ? Why it feems that Mr. x. was fi> infbrm'd by Jote- 

fhus: And therefore from him (b) we are toki by Mr. L.(/5 under 
the Year of the y. P. 4177 {i) that Darius returmi^ into Media 
iffer a Ibort fiay at Babylon took the Prophet Darnel iJimgvnth him, 
ivhere he vMsJbortfy after cafi into the Uons den. And in that coun* 
try by Mr. x's telUng {e) Daniel was fraying, &c (/). asyii at tbo 

beginniftg of bis JifpUcatkms the Decree in behalf of the Jews njoeni 
firth. For it ieems> as Mr. X. hada likewife infbrmM (g) us> in 
the year of the y. P. lafl mention'd^ and about the fame time of 
it) in which Darins is fiippos'd to have left Babylon, Cyrus tuith a 
"great army marched agamp Syria« and Esypt : And in this Eacfedition 
faljing through Judxa> and being wmfTimth the Dejilations of the 
laid, he fent an Exfrefs to Babylon ninth a Proclamation to befublilb^ 
ejl fmrtbe refioration of the Jews. And no fooner did theExprefi go 
cat of yndaa to Babylon, or the proclamation of Cyrus at iaiA was 
iiTued fynhy than acccnxling to Mr. £. the Angd of God went 
forthwith to the Prophet Daniel now in M&ta with the news. 
Thus we have the whde account of this matter, wherein be- 
tween Jofiphus, and Mr. X. we are giv'n to underftand 

Firft, that both Darius and Darnel were then together in Media 
when he was cdft into tbt den of Uons. We are 
" ^conMy-i infbrm'd by Mr. X. for I do not find any thing of it in 
^ofiohus, that Daniel was fliil in MtSoy and that Cyrus was then id 
^ucuea, when alio according to Mr. X. the Proclamation of Cy* 
tit in favour of the Jews "went firth throughout all his Kingdom, 
* Now briefly to fhew the groundlefneis of thefe AfTertions. 

As to the former^ that is in no wife probable that Darius ihould 
\)C now gooe^ away from Babylon into Media, when Cyrus was 
gpne now upon his Syrian Expecution. For during the abience of Cy* 
rstsy furely the fhy^ and prefence of Darius at Babylon was not only 
XDofk, prdpei[> but even' n^gpc^Suy^ m many reafons might be affign'd 
, > ••• .-' ' , • herc> 

(i«) See «bove. {h) J$f. Ant. Kb. x. p. 4^;. (f) p. fi^ {/) Or bcfort 

\ - 

Jj^a That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophec} 

hat, efpecially as ic was a new conqueft^ and as it was alfo of tihtf 
Qtmoft concern to maintain it in peace^ and fubjedion. 

And thmfbre the learned Dr. Frideaux {a) is £> far from folding 
T>anm now back again into Me£a» as Mr. x. hach> that on the con* 
trary be hitb fixed him there governing the afiairs of the Empire ; 
even tbea^urs of tbatKmgdmn wbUh be bsd received, or takm fof- 
fiffim ef. Atxl diere is very good reafbn for this,* forafinuch as 
J>amd was now with Dams: but Darnel was now furely at Bafy" 
bn» therefore with Jofephuis and Mr. l^s good leave, there was 
Dorm aUb. For that the Prophet Darnel was ix)t in Media, but at 
Babybn, when he was caft hto the denafSofts, 'ds I think fu£5ciendy 
to be gathered from the fixth Chapter of DameL To take no o- 
Aer hints diereof from that Chapter, at prefent let it fuffice 
to look into the lodi and nth verfes of it. There we find DafM 
at bis frayersy and shaiskjffvings 3 times hsadaj/y as ^e time. 
Where ?- — Even as we diere read ezpreflly> In His HOUSE.- 
But of what Houfe have we mentbn of Dameh, but of that at 

Balyim (H)? ^There it had been his manner afore-time during 

the preceding reigns of the Kings of Babyhn from the 2d {c) of 
Neincbadnezzar the Son> or die Great, in bis Houfe to g^ve hunfetf 
onto prayer 3 times in a day. And now aUb tfaere> bdbre his ie^ 
Vfg u^ into tbe denrf Bans he dki as afmtime. At Babjbn there* 
fore^ and not in Ms^ this Hiflorical fiid: of the Propliet h^ppeo- 
ed : And King Darius confeauently was there aUb. And Inere* 
fore Secondly with refbed to Mr. Us other AfTertion now before us, 
there is not any the leaft foundation for it. 

As for the Angel's coming into Me£a to Dameh there can be 
none for that : becauie the Prophet as we have now ieen was noc 
in MeMa with King Darius, but at Babylon. 

And tbe Occafion of his going thither to the Prophets im. to 
tell ban the news of the going forth of Cyruis Decree there is no 
inanner of room for that : becauie it is impoffible that the Aned 
of God fhould go to tell him of that, which was not hSi 'till after 
the death of Darius. And as to DanieFs fiippos'd ignorance of the 
Decree of Cyrus now fent forth by Mr. i., I make no wonder at 
it at this time : for how was it poilible for him to have known 
that which then was hot in being } 

But afterward when ibbii after tbe death of Darius^ the Mi De-^ 
cree did aduaily go forth> then> as I have formerly (d) noted, fo I 
do here again repeat it> Daniel coukl not poffibly be ignorant of it> 
becaufe as one of the King's chief Coumellors he mufl neceilarily 
have been privy even to the royal refolution of ifTuing it forth,* and 
not only fb) but he mufl be mppos'd likewife under God to have 
been the main infhument of influencing* or inclining the Ferfiam 
King thereunto (^). 


{a) Con. Hi/i. p. xxS. (b) Dan. XL 17. {c) V. t. (d) See p. 38. (*) See 
the learned Dr. Fridesmn [p. 130. Cm. Hifi-'] Where he truly (hews how great a 

"Obtain exaBly four hundreds and ninety Tears. 41 

Nor is . there any grouad for the Angel's iuppos'd revelation of 
the Prophecy of the LXX Weeks to DofffOm MedM. For that 
muft have been made to him at hk Houfr where he was prayings 
even at Babybm, after his accuftom'd manner of giving Irimfe^ unta 
frajer 3 timet m a day: as before noted 

And Finally^ as to Cyruf% ordering the JpvjI^ Grant in his Syn^ 
499 Expedition^ and upon feeing the Befolafions of Judasa as he went^ 
bow far he might be influence hereby fooaer^ or later in her fk^ 
vour» that matters not in the cafe before us^ forafmuch as howevet 
that were, vet all this by Mr. l's own telUog was in the time of 
parms, ana fcf it was acpreflly in DaniePs account of that King's 
reign I and therefore for the r^ibns above ^v'l^ it could not have 
beoi in ibcfrfi of Cyrus. No, not tho' his fasher Qaoby&s had 
keen mvj lately dead (for this Mr. £. hath here alfo advanced (a)' 
to help him upon his now publiihing the Decree of Cyrus.) For a£« 
ter alt Darius was yet living over the reabn of the Chaidaeans (^)> 
tvhere the Jev)s were now in Captivity. 

^ Therefore with Mr. ps good leave^ as yet Cyrus could not feud 
forth bis Froclamatkm throughout ALL HIS KINGDOM: for as yet 
ALL was not HIS : not (o^ 'till after the death of both his fathers^ 
not only of his own father Camhyfes in Berjia^ but aUb of his father- 
in-law Darius the Mede. But about 2 years ^after Cyruis taking of 
Bahybui Camhyfes being dead in Verfa, and Cyaxares, or Darius the 
JMede iko dying {c), Cyrus thereupon became fole MONARCH of 
the whole Empire {d) : And fo he reign'd 7 years. And (in the 
Words {e) ot Dr. Prideaux) the frji ^ thefe 7 years is thatfirfi 
year of CyruSj which is mentiofidiu tieflrft verfe of the hook ofEunu 
; Mr. £. therefore is abfolutely mifhli^ in his makii^ thcprft year 
of Cyrus in Ezroy one and the fame year with the nrfl of Dariui 
in Daniel 

And his accounting for their different way of calling this hii 
imagin'd one and the fame year> viz. (f) as Ezra Sv'd at Babylon, and 
dierefore call'd it his way, but the Prophet Daniel liv^d in Media> 
and therefore call'd it his way^ is really trifling: forafmuch as Daniel 
was fui^ly at Babylon in the firft of Darius, and yet did not call 
it tixefirfi of Cyrus, but as it trmy was the firft of Darius the Mede. 
And rorafmuch dfo as this Darius reigned two years confefledly before 
the firft of Cyrus's 7 years reign, therefore Ezra who tho' he liv'd ac Ba^ 
hylon alfo, yet as he certainly knew oiDaniePs two years of the reign oif 
Darius, could nototherwife than he did, date the going forth ot Cy^ 
ruis Decree in the /r/?. year of that King's reign, as being really thcr 
firft of to reign after the preceding two years reign of King Darius. 

■ I ;; •.^. .-. Other- 

« fc 4 

land Dsnttl aoiift neceflarily bav« had in obtaining this Decree .' as for other reafbns» 
fp alio as it )» moft ^kdy tha; Daniel fliew'd Cyrus the Prophecies of Scripture con- 
cerning him i whi^ as it appears from the teftimony of Jofephus [Ant. lib. xi. c. i .] 
amdas it is plain from Scripture. [£«. i.] he had feen, and read. (a) p. yz. And' 
even this admits of a dtlpute if be were as yet dead. But that matters not > as Partus was fiill 
living. (flDan,\x, u . (c) As are Dr. PrW. his words, Cw. Hifl. p. lap, (rf) 
^irw^bm Cyrop. lib* 8t (/} At in note (# (/) p* ;4* of Mr. L. 

44 3n&^/ the Seventy Weeks of this Tr4>phecy 

Otherwife, ]SEzra^sfirft of Cyrus liad been equal to Daniel*i 
firft of Danu$> in that cafe Darnel bsid furely call'd it fo before him. 
fiiit this could not polHbly be otherwife than in the fuppos'd con^ 
jundHon of their reigns by Mr. r. And for this, as I have iliewn, 
there is not only no foundation in Scripture^ but ground fui&cient 
^ainft it, as DamePs reckoning of the years of the reigns of thofe 
Winces as diftind) and fuccemve reigns abundantly teftifies. 

So little reafon is there for Mr. L. to have appealed to Scrip-' 
Cure in this cafe. Nor really ha4 he more for bis appeal 
Secand/j, to Xenophon {a). 

For His firfi (f Cyrus is evifiently the J^rfi of that Princess 7 years 
reign after Darius ; when Cyrus haa now no King over him {by He 
hath told us expreflly {c) that Cyrus reig^d 7 years after the Satb of 
Cvaxares. But the Cy ax ares ot Xem^hm is confeffedly (^ the Darius 
ot Darnel Therefore without all difpute Cyrus reign'd according to 
Xmophen 7 years after the Darius qf Darnel. Conlequently Xeno- 
phonV J&y? if Cyrus is the firft of Cyru^s 7 years, as before had been 
that of Ezra after the death of Darius. Nor 

Thirdty, can Ptokm/s Canon be of any fervice to Mr. 1. in thif 
cafe. Fot" tho' it be true that Cyrus hath a nine years reign in that 
Canon^ yet the reafon of it is plauily> becauie the Aftronomers at fi^i- 
hylau gave the Scripture two years of Darius to Cyrus ^ having taken no 
notice at all therefore of Darius: and that becaufenot he, but Cyrus 
was their Conquerour, arid the Subverter of the j^yrianMonsixchj, 
and therefore, or therein accounted the founder (xtiytPerfan. 

Thus the Aftronomers computing the firft of Cyrus ftom his taking 
of Babylon, their firft of him became fixt, and fo remains in that r&v 
fpedt the firil of his 9 years reign. But they had reafon good for th^Sj 
as juft now noted. 

But whereas according to the holy Scriptures, the Kingdtm (of 
Chaldaea^ was to be giv'n to the Medes, as well as to the Perfians {i), 
and whereas the Jfefeip, even the Cyaxares of Xenophon, ina^xht Darius 
of D^»»/acCordingly accepted it (f) and held it for 2 years as above, 
- therefore I>iw/#/ mofkexaSly, and tfuly hath affignedthofe 2 years to 
Darius. And Confequently there are remaining to Cyrus only the other 
fcven years. And thus xHc firfi of Cyrus in the Canon is necef&rily 

3ual to the firfi of Darius in Daniel : and the whole ^ years therein 
ign'd to Cy/v/ arc equal to the two years of Dariusy and the 7 years of 
Cyrus according to Ezra and Xenophon, And therefore what is the 
firfi of Cyrus in the Canon, and fo only in this relpeft cannot poflSbly 

' ' be 

(s) p. I. and 5*1. of Mr. L, (b) For as I have above Aewn, che Sovcs^goty waa 
^holly in Darims while he lived. Mr. Z.'. lodeedbath taken u{>on hin\ to ^ve us Ibme 
infbnces out of Xfncphon of Cyrufi's equal Sovereigncy with Darim, during Darim*& lifeg 
in favour of his Hypothefis of their reigning in conjunftion, fb long as Dar'ms Uved. 
But in truth thofe Instances fsdl exceeding 0iorc of proof herei as really importing no o- 
ther than a delegated Powers (iich as any King of^ courfe would allow to fuch a wi(e» 
valiant, and vidx)rious Pri&ce> as was Cyrns, and might allow, and yet at the fame time 
be himfelf the Sovereign, or fble ruling Monarch : As was Darins doubtlefs all his life 
time. (c) Cyrop. lib. 8. {d) p. 41. of Mr. L. (t) Dm. v. a8. (/i Dan* 
V. 31. ix. I. ♦ ' . ' 

contain fxafffy four hundred, and ninety Tears. \i 

be thtfirfi of Cyrus at 2 years diftance according to them, which is 
(o only in anomer re(pea: and coniequently cannot be coupled to* 
gether as by Mr t. {a) theyare> as one and the iameyear> without dbe 
utmoft confu&oni and manifeft departure from the truth. And k up- 
on the whole ic follows that Mr L. being miftaken in his firft cf Cy<^ 
rus« hemuftof courfe be miftaken in his ending of the LXX years of 
theOiptivity of Judah in fuch fuppos'dfiift year of the reignof that 
Prince from his taking of Bafyim. 

The holy Scripture in no wife admits of fuch miftaken Ending of 
the Oiptivitjr, anymore than as we have feen it doth, of Mr l's mi£* 
taken beginningof it inhis unwarrantably rais'd i ithyear of the reiga 
of Zedeiiah. But if from this the true Scripture Ending of the Capti- 
vity in tiic firft if Cyrus, as really and tnuy the firft of his 7 years 
xe^ after die (feath of Dsrim^ we reckon upwards 70 years, we 
are then brought in courfe to their true Scripture beginning in the 
ftmrth of Jehoiakim {b). 

And with this Hiilorical matter of fad is evidently concurrine; to 
the makii^ the faid year of Jehnakm the firftof the Jev)s VafSuage 
to Bahjflmr. Foralmuch as in that very year (c) Nehuhadmzzar the fon 
after his other eicpeditions, on which te was fent by his father in the 
year forcing (lO (of which more prefently) invaded Judaa^ and be* 
iiegedj and lodkjerufalem (e) putting King Jehoiakim in chains to car* 
ry mm to Bahim (/). However upon his Humiliation he continued 
him in die Kingdom (g). But before Uebuchadaezzar removed from 
yerufalem{zs in me words (h) of the learned Dr Frideaux» we have the 
following hiftorv hereof^ be had taufed^eat numbers of the peopk to he 
font C^^fi;^//^ Babylon. And particularly {i) he g^^e orders to AfhpenaZ 
the Mafter rf bis Ewtuchsy that hejhould make choice out of the Children 
of the royal famly-i and of the Nobility of the landy fuch as he found to 
ietf the faireft countenance, and fhequicieftparts,tobecarriedtoDghylony 
and there made Eunuchs in his palace. At the fame time alfo he carried 
anoay (k) a great part of the VefTels of the Houfe of the Lord to put 
them in the Houfe of Bel his God at Babylon. 

THEREFORE thepeopk being thus carried away at pleafure^ the font 
of the ROrAL FAMILT, and of the NOBILITT of the land made 
Eunuchs, and [laves in the palace of the King of Babylon, the Vejfels of 
the TEMPLE carried thither, and the KING made a TRIBUTART, 
and the land brought into VASSALAGE under the Babylonians^ from 
henceifiith this learned Hiflorian] muft be reckoned the LXX years of the 
l^bylonifh Capivity (/) foretoldby the Prophet Jeremiah a little bepnre in 
this very year (w). 


{a) p. I. bottom note> aod p. 7. noter> and dfewheK. (A) See tbe CalcuhnoQ 2a 
the Table annexed. [t) Jer. xxv. i . (d) Dan. i. i . (e) Dan. i. 2, and x 
Chron, xxxv\, 6. (/) ik (^) As ic appears from 1 iQ«|i xxiv. i. (A)Coa. 
Hift. p. 6i. (0 Dan, i. 3. (*) vcr. a. (/) Jer, XXV. 1 1 . and xxix. lo, 

{m) Jer., xxv. I. See Frid, p* 6i, 

4^ That the Seventy Weeks of this trophic f 

And this very year, or the /^h of Jchoiakim that Prophet having 
ejrpreffly coupled with tbejirft qTNebuchadnezTiar {a)^ and the fidd 4/6 
«f Jehoiakim by the Accounts above (h) giv'n, and as alfo it tnay be 
fcen in the Table annexed^ being neccffarily but at 70 years diftance 
fiom the Scripture JPr/? of Cyrus, it evidendy follows J^;ainft Mr £. 
that xHtasfirft rf Nebuchadnezzar mention'd by the Prophet as coinci- 
dent with the j^/i&0fjehoiakim> could be no other pofEbly than the 
frfioi the fon (c). 

And how it was fo, We cannot be better informed than we are alfo 
by the learned Dr Vftdeaux (d), as he hath very truly told us that tl^ 
Jews reckoned the years of Nebuchadnezzar Cthe fon, or the Great^ 
from his Copartner/In^ imth his father in the Empire 2 years before bis 
father's death. 

For CAs it appears from Berofus (e), whofe teftimony therefore 
Dr. Trideaux hath here cited) In the third j^^^r^fJehoiakiiD, Nabo- 
pollafar (ov Nebuchadnezzar the father^ King of Babylon finding on 
(the King of Egypt* s) NechoV taking if Carchemifli, all Syria and 
Paleftine had revolted from himy and that he being old and i^rm *was 
nnable to march thither himfelf to reduce them^ he took Nebuchadnez- 
zar /wyy5» into FARTNERSHIP tvith him in the Empirey and fint 
iim (f) 'with an army into thofi parts. And from hence the Jewifh 
Computation of the years of Nebuchadnezzar's reig^ begins, that is, from 
the endcf the third year a/* Jehoiakim. For it ivas about the end of 
that year that this *was done: And therefore accorSng to the Jews (g)y 
the fourth year of Jehoiakim ivas the firft year cf Nebuchadnezzar, 
[the Son.] But according to the Babylonians his reign is not reckoned 
to begin 'till after his father's death, iMch happetid 2 years after. And 
both Confutations being fiund in Scr'fturey it is necejfary to jay fo much 
here for the reconciling if them, ^ 

And thefe, this learned Chronologer hath alfo farther reconc3ed> 
by telling us elfewhere (h) that Dznidjpeaking of the Captivity begins 
the Hiftory of it from the third year of Jehoiskimy 'which (&kh ne)pla^ 
€eth it backfill a year farther than I have done. And tins is an Ob^ 
jeSiion. But (as he immediately addeth) the Anfwer hereto is eafy^ 
Daniel begins his computation from the time that Nebuchadnezzar vsas 
fent from Babylon by his father in this Expedition, 'which 'was in the 
latter erul of the third year ^Jehoiakim. After that 2 months at kaft 
tnufi have been Jpent in his march to the borders ^ Syria. There in the 
4/^ <jf Jehoiakim (wefrtppofein the beginning of that year) he fought the 
Egyptians,- and having overthrown thefn in battle befieged Carchemifli> 
and took it. After this he reduced all the Trovinces, and Cities of Syria, 
tf»/ Phoenicia* in 'which having employed the g^eatefi part of theyeaty 

(4) Ch, XXV. I. (*) VIZ., by the {cvcral reckoniiigs of the ycafs of Ex^kUrs JErii 
■knd other preceding proofs from Jeremiah, &c. (c) Not poffibly of the Father, 
■whole jfr/? Year of his reign was at 90 years diftance from the Scripture firft of Cjnrmsm 
(d) Con. Hift. p. 60, (e) In Jofephus Ant. lib. x. c. xi. and con. Ap. lib. v (/) 

Vau, i. I. (g) Jir, xxv. i. Which fame 4th of Jehoiakim was the 23d from dio 
l^rhof JoJiabyfhcnJtremishBxfi beganto pro^hefic, yer. 3. (ib) Con. Hitt.p. 63. 

cdhtain exaBly fauf hundredj and ninety Teari. 47 

t» th6 beginmng of Odober^ be carne^ 4mdlmdfiege to Jeru&lem« amt 
ahmt a mmfh aper took the City, 

And from hence (adds Dr. Frideaux) «v date the hghmh^ of DA^ 
NJEL's Servitude^ and alfo the tepmrng if the LXX Tears of the 
Babybni(h Captmtj, andtherefaro do reckm that year to haivehoem 

There is. one other ihoit pai&ge which I meet with in the late 
excellent book {a) of that learned Chroiiologer) and Hiftorian« vaoSt 
ufefulj and worthy o|F our noting here by way of fuU> and final 
fllu&ation.of the point in hand^ and therefore I ihall b^ kave 
to tranicribei and iniert it here. It is as follows» 

Tinjords the end of the ph year rfJAotaJ^ iSed NabopoIIa&r 
King of Babylom and father of Nebuchadnez2ar ; sfter he haaragnJ 
ziyeart (fy Whkh Nebuchadnezzar Cnow upon his Expedition^ 
kh^ hrfrnffdofy he mme£ateh nmth afiw only rf his followers hj^ned 
through the Dejart the neareftivay to jBabylony ^c^ where he fkc^ 
weded Us father in the whole Ensfirey Sec; and reigned over it accord* 
ingto Vtdkmj \'i years: tbefrfi of which begins from the January 
folbwmgy which is the Babyloniih Acconnt-y from which the Jewiih 
Account Offers 2 yearsy as reckcxiihg his time, as above (c). 

From hence me have a DOUBLE Computation of the Years of his 
reign, the jEWISHy and the BABJUONISH. lyzrad fallows the 
latter : but ALL OTHER Farts of Scr^ure that make mention of 
bim the other. 

Thus evidendy in thefiurth year of the re^ of Jehoiakim» and 
in the firfi year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar as in the Jew^ 
Account coincident therewith began the BahylotAjh Captivity. 

Nor are Mr. JC's Objedions againft fuch Beginning of the lead: 
iwe^t, as Darnel is now fiippos d to have been carried away cap- 
tive in this the firft year of tie. And as Mr. £. hath therefore tdd 
{d) US) tliat in this caife kt the Frophet having after been educated about 
3 Tears at Babylon> and at the end of them pood btfore the Kingy it 
nijdl unavoidably folbw, that the King before whom they (viz. He and 
the reft of than {e) with him) flood at the. end if the faid yearsy was 
the fame perfin with the King whofi dream Daniel interpreted in the 
Jecondyear of his reign: Which (adds Mr. L) is altogether inconfifient 
vnth thefrfi, and with thefecond Chapters of Daniel : For (adds he yet 
by way of reafon here j^wjf censoring together the faid Chapters it will 
evidently ^^ar» that NthnchsidncizirinthefrftChaptery andNcbM^ 
chadnezzar in the fecond were two Afferent per Jons. Indeed I profefi 
my (elf wholly at a lofs to find out this which yet according to Mr. 
X. here is evidently apparent. 

For upon carefully comparing together thefe two Chapters, I fee not 
any the leaft caufe to conclude otherwife than that the Nebuchadnez* 

{a) Con. fftfi. p. 66. (h) According to Ptolemy's Canon. (0 From his father's 
facing him Partner with bim in the fimplre sboiuc 2 years before his dajh* (4 
f ' ao. of Mr* £• (e) Dofh i. i^. 

48 That the Seventy Weeks of this Trcphecf 

%ar in both thefe Chapters tnufl neceflarily have been one and the 
hme peribnj even the Nabocollafar of Pfolemp the Son of his N^ 
hopoUafar ; or in other words> the ' Je<u»(b Nebuchadnezzar the 
Qreat^ ion of their Nehtchadnezzar the &t&. Sure I am that he 
muft have been the NebuchaJnezzar of both thole Chapters for any 
thinff that there is in Mi^. L*s affign'd i^eaibns for a dimrent Nelm* 
iha&ezzar in each of thofe Chapters. For* A$ to Mr. Vs 

Firft {a) reafon to the contraiVi viz. that Nebuchadnezzar in the 
frfi Chaffer ujfm exammwg the cmUreu that vjere tarried aftrvefrom 
J\id3SSL»at the enJef the three years, nMch he had affomtedfsr their 
B^ducation, not only afffvuedm Daniel^ and hk three Con^an k ms a^ 
keve all the reft, bnt likenmje ahve all the Wife men in Babylon>^ I 
lee nothing here to the purpofe for which Mr. L. hath (aid it. This 

b aU moft readily granted. But what then ? ^Hov/ doth it hence 

'follow^ that one was NeinchadnezzarAe father in (mc Chapter, and 
Ae other Nebuchadnezzar the 5^ in tfaie other Chapter?^— -why^ 
fidth Mr. £. in what there follows [b), becanfi Nebuchaaaezzar in the 
pound Chapter hadfo little knowledge of Daniel, and his Confankmtf 
that he never fi nmch as once conjulted them ahont his Dream ^ vMcb < 
wndaubteSy firfty or lafi he njjouid have done, before he had ijpted out 
the Decree there meni$09^d, if he had been that perfin before whom 
they had been brought at the end of the fdd time, and who upon the 
examination then madty fi very highly appro^d of them. 

So that the Sum of what is here brou^t to prove two different 
Nebucha^iezzars in the firfl:> and fecond Chapters of Daniel plainly 
amounts to this> viz. that Nebudiadnezzar in the firft Chapter inevi 
Danieh and therefore that muft have been the father; but tiehixcbsd^ 
neiTAT in the fecond Ch^^terMd not know D^inid; at kaft he had ve^^ 
rj Uttk knowht^e of him\ andallbecaufe Ae did not confiU Daniel ^ 
iwt his dream. 

But alas^ what moft improbable Arguing is here?— Fo^ cant 
Mr. L. think that Nebuchaitezzar in the fecond Chapter had no 
knowleck^ of that Daniel, whom Nebuchadnezzar in the firft Chap- 
ter had fo fignaliz'd, and diftinguiihed ? Even as the BCing himfelf 
had communed withhimy and his Companions {c) ; and among tbim all(d^ 
was found none like Daniel, &cc(e). even in all matters of wifihm, and 
underftanding, that the King enquired of them, he found them ten times 
better than all the Magicians and ^ftrolog&s that were in all his 
realm (f)~. 

But (hould Mr. L. ask us therefore^ why did not Nebuchadnezzar 
confult him firft, and n6c the Magicians as to his dream ? — The 
Anf wer is eafy, 

Firft, Becaufe it was but natural for him to have recourfe to 
his own royal Profeffors of thefe arts in the firft place. And for 
ought that he knew, they might have interpreted Lbdrc«ni. 

I add 

(a) p. to. of Mr. £.. fub fin«. (b) p. 21. initio. (c) Dan. i. 19. (d) AU that 
h«4 been brought (o %iiyUn qi ;hofe meodioa'd io Ck, 1. 3, 4, («) ver. i^. {/) 

i>«9. i. 2Q» 

^•%m 4 ||i <■ 4^ 

contain exaBly four hundred^ and ninety Tears. 49 

I add Secofuilyj ahd more efpecially becaufclc feems as if God fo 
order'd it that he fliould not> forafmuch as the fad of his not ha- 
ving done fo tended in the end to the greater credit of Daniely and 
therein alfo to the greater honour> and glory of that God whom 
Daniel ferved. And therefore the all-wife Providence of God might 
purpofely fo ordain it. But ftill Mr. L. tells us that the King never 
confulted him at all, neither firft> nor laft. 

And what Chen? — Wherefore was it, but becaufe Darnel pre- 
vented him (a)? He was before-hand with the King herein, by get- 
ting accefs to him, and offering tojhew unto him the interpretation, up- 
on his having heard of the King's hafty (t) refilution againft his wife 
men, that for their inability thereunto they were to he put to death [c). 
And doubtleis the King's enraged Fajjion {d) at that time occafion'd 
by his great difappointment through their ignorance, in cheir not be- 
ing able to make known a matter of fuch great weight, and im- 
portance to him, and equally great was it in other refpedts alfo, 
might therefore be fo exceedingly, or beyond meafure raifed, as to 
have put him befide all thought, of fending for Daniel, before that the 
Prophet himfelf fought occaiion, and in all hafte got admiDSon to 
him> as he hath told us that he did (e). 

Had it not been for this prevention in Daniel, as he was thus 
plainly before-hand with the King, he had doubdefs firft, or laft been 
confulted by him, if not before, however after that he had had his 
hafty revenge upon his own Magicians *by him deftin'd to death for 
failing to inform his royal mind full of perplexity (f)y and la- 
bouring widi diftradion, and pain for want of its de£ir'd knowledge 

But afterwards, as God in mercy fo order'd it by his Servant Da- 
niel, the King was quickly eafed, and his innocent Magicians refcu- 
ed from Death. 

And in all this as the glory of God was the more magnified in his 
Prophet, fo the Prophet's great charity, and hearty concern for 
fo many condemned innocents, and withal his fingular, and di- 
vine wiftiom and knowledge was the more remarkably manifefted. 

But Secondly, Mr. L. hath giv'n us another reafon why he thinks 
that the Neifuchadnezzar in the fecond chapter of Davi?l fliould not 
be the feme with the Nebuchadnezzar of the firft, and that is becaufe 
Daniel had a Houfi of his own in the 2d Chapter, whereat in the fir fi 

he had his repdence at court (g). And what of all this? Is there 

any confequence here to the point in hand ? Or doth . it therefore 
follow that becaufe he liv'd in a houfi of his own, he had nothing 

to do, or was not known at court? Alas, it doth not: It cannot. 


E Brjl^ 


{aS Ch. ii. I4j 24. (b) So Daniel Tpeaks of it» rer. if. (c) ver 12, 13. 
{d) The text here [Dan, ii. iz.] is exprefs that ihe King vas ANGRY and very FIT- 
KIOUS. (e) ver. 24, &c. (/) ver. 3, The King's Spirit wai TROUBLED i» 

luow the dream« ^} p. 21. oi Mr. i^ 

50 That the Seventy Weeks of this ^r&phecy 

Ftrjiy Darnels Houfe ia the 2d Chapter might have been withb 
the diftrias of the Court, or otherwilc 

Secmdly, if it were« or were not> be might notwithflanding be eve- 
ry dav at Court. For poffibly many a Courtier, and even chief 
Minifter of ftate lires at fome dKboce from the Court, and yet 
gives daily and due attendance there. And nothing can pofliblv 
follow from hence but that the Prophet might be at court as much 
now in the iecond Chapter, as he had been in the firft.- 

And with Mr. Vs good leave I add, 

ThirJh, that without all queftion Daniel had a Hetffi rf his ovm 
in the nrft Chapter no le(s than he had one, of which Mr. £. hath 
uken fb much notice, in the 2x1 Chapter. For though it happens 
not to be mentioned there, as well as here, it is I think however fuf- 
ficiendy to be cdleded from the firfl Ct»pter, that in fad he muft 
have biad one then, as well as now. For where eUe can we think 
tbac be and his Companions were exerciied with that their chofea 
aufterity of life, of eating fulfi and drinking 'water (a)} Where 
more lucdy than in their Houfe appointed them by him whom the 
Prince of the Eunuchs had fet &ver them {b) ? For doubt)e(s they 
were not publickly under this mortifying regimen of Diet : b&- 
caufe it was at the utmoll peril of the Iwing's 0£5cer who had 
care over them to make this rigid alteration of the royal inunediate 
appointment of meat and wine far them. And fo that Officer was 
himfelf apprehenfivc (c). This Experiment therefore oE courie 
could not have been made amongft the other captive Youths, for 
that had been furely to have publifhed it throughout the Court. 
Confequently Daniel and his Companions mufl then have had # 
Uaufe immediately appointed them, where they might live together> 
and be as retired as they nleas'd. And this the Prince of the Eu- 
nuchs and his Deputy (d) nad doubdefs a power of aBottin^ as they 
pleas'd, for it was their immediate bufineis. And God to order'd 
it himfelf for Daniel, that he m^ht have his way herein, as he had 
ginfn him the heart of the Prince of the Eunuchs (e)» as therein the 
text is expre(s. And therefore without all queftion the faid Court 
C^cer ^ve unto Daniel a Houfe for himfelf, and his Compani- 
ons : which favour Daniel could not but ask of him on many ac- 
counts too tedious here to be mention'd, but efpecially becaufe o- 
therwife he could never have had thofe oppormnities of fervuig 
God daily, after his holy and religious manner, or pradtice, which 
was the very joy of his Soul,* and without which he could never 
have lived in any comfort ia^firange land 

Tls therefore I think even more than probable that Darnel mufi 
have had a Houfe of his tywn at Babylon in the firfl: Chapter, as well as 
in the fecond. And for any thing that Mr. £. luith, or can make ap- 

(4)" Dan, I. iXi i6' (*) Mehurr, v. n. {c) vet. 10. The Prince of the Eu- 

nuchs Cod to Danielf I fear my Lord the Kiog— — 'Aod ye (hall make me endaoeer my 
htid to the King, (^) vtr. 11. (e) ver ^. Go4 had- brottgjit Paniii iB» f«Y(W«' 

fadteodei love- ^itbtlicPaace of cite fiuau^ft^ ^ ~ 

tintain exactly four hundred^ and ninety Tears. $ j 

pear to the contrary, he muft have been as much at court in the 
ad Chapter, as he had been in thefirfl, ev*n though as Mr. L. hath 
diought fit to tell us that he now lived in a Houfe of his <ywn. 

And therefore Mr. t- hath argued here for his 2 different l^iu^ 
thadrfezzars very inconclufively indeed from this Obfervation. And 
he hath very miftakenly attributed Daniets ignorance (a) of the 
King^s hafty refolution againft his Magicians to this caufe, viz, of 
his not Rving now at Courts but having a Houfe of his own. Where- 
as that obfcrved ignorance in Daniel here is evidently owing td 
another caufe^ viz^, the heat, and fuddennefs of this whole Txml^ 

Why Darnel was not immediately fent for I have already aC* 
counted. And as to his ^orance of the King's Refolution againft 
his Magicians, before he was made acquainted with it by the C^^ 
tain of the guanj, ft was not as Mr. z. imagins, becauie ne was not 
at Court in the 2d Chapter fo tnuch as he was wont to be in the 
firft, (as in the 2d Chapter he had a houfe of his own ) but it was t 
fey, becau(e> as it is plainly to be gathered from the Hiftory, this 
whole matter muft have hapned in the moft abrupt, and confuied 
inanner,* and alfo as it is moft ptobable in the deacl time of night: 
And Daniel doubtlefs heard of it the next morning (b) 

For the King having no fooner dreamed his ftrange dream, but 
therewith his Spirit was troubled (r), and his Sleep brake from hinf^ 
doubtleis thereupon the Magicians were call'd in al! hafte at his im« 
mediate Command (d) : For what could he do now for his eafe but 

fend for them forthwith ? They came accordingly. But betwecrt 

his want of natural reft, and his great perplexity occafion'd by his 
dream, they found him like a Furv. For unlefs they would make 
known unto him the dream with the interpretation thereof » nothing 
left would fatisfie him in fuch difappointment thar that tkeyfhould fe 
€ut in pieces J and their Houfes Jboula be mads a Dunghill (e). For their 
lives mcrefore they miift tell him out of hand, for he would givi 
them no time (/). But they could not tell him, therefore it was 
the King's word to them that they muft die {g). 

And all this being done thus accidentally, and unfeafbnably, coh<^ 
fufedly, and haftily, even while Daniel was taking his reft in his 
Houfe, it is no wonder that he was ignorant of it the next inorn- 
ing* when the Captain of the King's guard cam€* to his tioufe {h) 
to let him know his (i) fentence among the reft upon this thd 
King's great difturbance^ and rafli proceedings thereupon. 

E 2 But 

{a) p, II. {b) Fof then the chief Captairt came to him, Van, U. 1 9, 14- 

Ver« I. (/flver. 2. (tf)ver. j-. (/)ver. 8. Cg) veri 12. (h) Ddn.'vt, 

'1 3. (> ) Not that there is any ground to wppofe that the J<;.ifng had feotenccd him ai- 

inoDg the reft, for 'tis in no wife probable that he (hould have c&ndemned him who Wa^ 

In nofaulti for he was not call'd: becaufc as I have already fliewn the^ great im- 

fadence of the King did not give him leave to think of him. The Magicians mt^ht ; 
ut the K ing would not giv* them any time* But probably upon the King's deter'' 
mined Sentence againA che MagicunS) fuch Courtiers as envied Daniel might think ot 
&ii Opportunicy of getting him out of their way by making him A AiagiiioH bHo* ttf 
ib fending the CapciUQ (0 his HottTe accordingly. 

5 2 Thai the Seventy Weeks of this Trophety 

But though the King had been thus hafty in his fent^nce, and 
'Daniel therefore thus neceffarily ignorant of it 'till the morning, yet 
after all, 'tis plain that he had intereft enough with the King imme- 
diately to relpite the fentence, ao i€ appears in the fequel of the fto- 
ry. And therefore I obferve here againft Mr. I*, that Daniel couM 
not but be as well known at Court in the fecondj as he had been in 
the firft Chapter of his book. Confequently, He muft have been as 
well known to Nehuchadnezzar in the fecond Chapter, as he was to 
Nebuchadnezzar in the firft, as being one and the 6me Nebuchadnez* 
%ar in both. 

Nor is that of any the leaft weight which Mr. i. hath objefted 
to the contrary, wz. {a). 

Thirdly y that Daniel 'mhen he *wa5 brought in hefore Nebuchadnez^ f^oken of in thefirfi Chapter *was but a Youth. Whereas in the 
fecond year of Nebuchadnezxar mentmid m the fectmd Chapter^ he ivas 
grown a Man, and *was Jo Jliled by the chief Captain of the Guards by 
lijhom he *was introduced to the King^ &c. 

To which I reply, that Daniel might be very properly calFd a 
JMan in the fecond Chapter y For doubdefs He was a young Man, 
when he ftood before Nebuchadnezzar in the firft Chapter, For 
what I pray is a Touth in common decency, or civility of (peech 
but a young man ? Mr. L's Touth therefore in the firft Chapter was then 
a young mam:, but now he was a Year dder ia the fecond Chapter, 
What- tiierefore could the chief Captain have call'd Daniel but as he 

didj A man {b)y when he introduced him to the King ? For ne- 

■ ceffarily (c) even at his being captivated, near 4 years before, he 
was (And Mr. L, hath told us that he was) then a Touth, that is a 
Toung man. Nor is there any thing in the manner of the chief Cap- 
tain's introducing Daniel to the King : At which Mr. X. hath alfo 
caught here (d) ; As if X>^»/f/ were introduced into the royal^efence, 
Firfiy as one *whom the King had no knowkc^e of before the Decree 
'vi:ent forth againfi the Magicians. And 

Secondly y as one ivhom the chief Captain had lately found amongfi the 
Captives ^ Judah. 


r {a) p. If. cf Mr. Z* {h) The OrigiDai word is ^^3 which ordinarily fignifietfe 

the fame wich the greek 'Afnif^ the Latin Homo. But 'tis all trifling fuiely to argue from 
hence to the point in hand. (c) He was then a Nt«eM«-»(^ faith Grotius [on Dan. u 
4..] from the^r*** Tranflaclon, and indeed as it appears from the Context. [<*-] For the 
King's orders to the Mafter of the Eunuchs were for fuch so be captivated from among the 

£3^*^ V^ ^^ ^^^ *^i^J**l in aUypifdtmt -mnd ctmning in knowledge, and under ponding in 

Science. *[ib.] Butthefe muft neceflarily have been of an Age deferving the name more 
than claat ot Children^ or even School-'Boys, They muft quettionlefs have been yotmg Stu* 
dents, to whom tbefe Chaniders are properly fuiting? of being fuch as had thus made a 
confiderable proficiency in Arts and Sciences. And Darnel being one of thefe when he 
was cariied captiye, he could not then be at an age under that of i; or i6. And as is 
"was in the 4tn year of his Captivity that he interjireted th« King's Dream [equal to the 
'fecond year of Nebuchadnezxar the Son in the *Babyl§nijh Account* and the 4th tn the 
Jewijb, as sbovej. He muft now confequently have been about, or near twenty years of 
ace. Dr. Pndeanx fupoofeth him to have been 18 yevs old when he was cawicd cap^ 
nfe. [Con.Hift. p. 162.} Wp«aa»Uuuo» 

contain exaBly four hundred y and ninety Tears. 5 3 

To the former of thefe fancies I have already replied. And as to 
the htcer> I am at a io(s to know what Mn L*s meaning is in his 
^>eaking of Daniel as wk Utteh/ found {a\ 

If he means thereby to fet forth l>anicl at this time as an obfcure 
perfon, or as one unknown either to the King, or to Ariocb his 
Caftain iff the guard (and this muft be his meaning here, if be meant 
it to any purpofc ) my reply is from the Text even in this fecond 
Chapter, (not to infift here upon the remarkable diftindion dt 
Daniel in the firft Chapter,) that by Daniel's own account there, he 
was ceruinly known before to both : to the Captain who fought kitn 
ammg the refi of the Wife Men to be JIain {b) ; to the King, as go^ 
sng in unto him thereupon, anddejiring of him to give him time (r), 
for to Jbev) him the interfretation'of the dream (d). But had he not 
been before known, I will add aJfo well known to the King, 'tis 
not to be fuppos'd that he had thus prefom'd upon the royal pati- 
ence in both thefe inftances, the one of going into his prefence, the 
other of making fuch a petition to him, as his own Magicians had 
not intereft enough with him to obtain, but Daniel 'tis plain had, 
for be did obtain it (e). 

But 'tis I think high time to have done with thefe little objedli- 
ons to the grand point in hand, which in truth have no other foun- 
dation than mere fancy, and invention for the fake of a miftaken 
Hypothefis to the confounding the frft of Nebuchadnezzar the fa- 
ther with the firft of Nebuchadnezk^ar the fon, from the firft, ai)d 
ad Chapters of Daniel: Whereas as I have fhewn the Nebuchadncz- 
xar of both could be no other than one, and the fame Ncbuchad-- 
nezzar; even the fon: Or that Nebuchadnezzar^ who in the third 
year of Jehoiakim (J) by his then infirm father was lent upon the 
Sjfrian Expedition^ (as above) and who in the ^o/zr/^ ^Jehoiakim {g) 
took Jerufakm : and by whom al(b Daniel was then captivated, and be- 
fore whom at 3 years end he flood in the firft Chapter ^ and finai- 
.ly whofe Dream he interpreted in the fecond Chapter. 

And thus, (Mr. Vs objedions notwithftanding,) the firft Year of 
the Captivity of yudah according to the holy Scripture remains fixe 
to the fourth Tear o^ Jehoiakim* equal to the frfi of Nebuchadnez- 
zar the fon alfo according to the Scripture, viz. in the Je^jh {h) 
Reckoning of his reigning two years (as above^ in conjunction with 
his father before his death. 

£ ; And 

{a) The original word here tranflated pmdy Is the fame with that in V^abn Ixxxiac. 
ao, I have found David my fervanty &c. But here the word is us'd with refpecl to one 
known long before. Wliy therefore not equally (b by the chief Captain concerning 
Daniel f There is not the leaft room for the contrary fuppofition. {b) Dan. ii. 1 3, 

14,15'. (f) Which the Magicians hadbegg'd in vain, ver. 8. (d) ver. 16. {e) 

And herein the Providence of God is alfo vilible, that whereas :he King had ftorm'd ac 
his Magicians, and would not give them any time beyond the prefert, God now inclin'd 
fhehean of the King to\vard5 Damiel to his receiving him with patience; and to the 
granting him his re^ueft. (/) Dan. i. i. (^) Jer. xxv. i. . (J») jiu 

xxv. I. 

J 4 That the Seventy Weeks ef this Tr^phecy 

And cbis is the only Objedion againft the }^h of Jehoiakim its 
^Ing the firft year of the Jewijb Captivity^ with which we uecoiw 
cern'cl> among the many which Mr. £. luth heaped tc^ether {a) on 
^his occafion : forafmuch ^ we have dear'd and fully proved th6 
coincidence of the i^th cf Jehoiakim with the firft of Nebuchad- 
nezzar the fon in the reiped now mention'd : in which alone ac<n 
cording to the truth, that is, according to the facred Accounts there 
COuU jpoffibly be fuch coincidence. For, as it will appear hereafter* 
Kehiuhachezzar could not have reigned more than two years in coii« 
jundtion with his father, however Mr. L. by reaibn of his rais'd iitb 
cf Zedekiah hath been forced to give him a full nine years (b) ragfx 
in fuch conjundion,* for which there is no pollibility of tmh 
^-om the Scripture Accouqt, as we have now leen : ISior in truth 
js there any foundation for it elfewhere, however Mr. X. hath 
quoted Jt>fephm» and Berofus in his favour> ^ juftifytDg him in 
fuch beginning of the Captivity of Judah, 

And an Enquiry into thefe teftimonies i$ the next part of our 
general Enquiry on this Occalion: As we think that we have now 
folly gone through the Scripture-Account of thefe times, together' 
with Mr. Z's immediate Objedions to its certain beginning of the 
J^XX Year^ Captivity, as here fettled from the 6cred Account \ 
\yhich was our firft Enquiry (<:)• 

Tlierefore proceed we now Secondly to Jofephus, and Berofii^ 
And what have they ^d in thefe matters ? Or rather what luth 
Mr. L. faid from them ? For as to Jofephusy it will be found upon 
enquiry that Mr. |^. hath faid moft, if not all himfelf from hun^ 
who really juftifies, or bears him out in nothing in any cpnfiften- 
^y with the holy Scriptt^res, or even with himfelf or with Be^ 

And as xo Berofus, as we (hall fee caufe fufficient to conclude^ 
as we go along. He is evidendy ^ainft Mr. 1^,; and plainly con-) 
firms the Scripture coincidence of the fourth of Jehoiakim with 
^t firft of Nebuchadnezzar the fon, as reigning only 2 years in 
conjundion with his father before his death. And therefore if 
^fephus hath cited his teftimony here otherwife, he muft have 
beei) aileep^ and knew not what he writ. But after all we jfhall 
fifid Mr. jL in the miftakc. For though J^fephm hath writ too 
^nfufedly of thefe matters^ as is the real truths yet he could not 
polJibly j^ave meant, as Mr. f . hath giv'n us to underftand that he 
cidj and as upon fuch miftalcen meaning he hath built his Hypo- 
thefis J wic. tb(kt the Temfk ^ Jerufalem *was hMna in the nth of 


74) As ic[ p. i^. and thence forward to p. 2 jr. of Mr. Vs book^ {h) For he 

fsakes rfie Sfege of Tyre xo have been begun in the 7 ch of Nebuchadnexxar the Son, vix* ia 
the year of J^e J*P» 41 06* which in "his account is evidendy the 7th of his reigninr ioi 
<onjuc6tion wirh his facher» as may be ieen in p, 39. of Mr. Z.., and io his miflaken 
Calculation as noted in the Table annexed. But that is equal only k> the 1 9tb of the fa* 
tiber, who reigit^d at leall ^l years ac(^](ding to ^uf, Qanon* For whi^t^ (be «Uathe T%* 

_ contain exaStfyfour hundred^ and ninety Tears, s 5 

Zedekiah as teieg cainddent nmth the i^th (a) of Nebuchadnezz^ 
the fiahery w at LXX Tears (^fiance from the taking of Babylon hy 
Qrrus. For be hath faid enoi»h to prove the contrary. And 
therefore he muft be notorioufly incondftent not only with the 
hohr Scriptures, and with Berofus iikewife, but alio with himfelf, 
if he be fuppofed to have fo meant in What he hath ibmetimes 
confufedlv laid of the& matters. 

Thcrerore to look into his teftimonies as urged by Mr. L. What 
are they ?- — In Mr. Vs telling they are (h) 

Phfiy that Agreeably to this (viz,, to what Mr. L. had been be- 
fore groundle/Ily urging from 2 Chron. xkxvl 21 (c). of the Lamft 
Wjojing 70 Sahhathsy as bing defolate WHOLLY the 70 Tears of the 
Captivitj) JoCcphus (J) Jays that [from the Captivity of thte Jews i» 
jthe fiiih rf Z^ekiah.] ^//Judasa, Jeru&Iem« and the Temple lay 
defiUte fevestty years. 

Secondly, {e) That the ^rftef Cyrus v^as the joth year after that 
the Jews {in the faid i ith of Zedekiah] viere carried captive into Bir 
bylon. And 

ThWly, (f) that after tbefpace of LXX Tears [from the Thsfle's 
ieHtg htmt hy Nebuchadnezzar] Cyrus releafed the Jews from their 
Captivity. And 

LalHy, Jofiphus is fuppos'd by Mr. Is. to aflert the fame from 
Bmfus (g). 

As to the firft of thefe Quotations here brought by Mr. L, in 
his favour fix)m Jofephus, I obferve that the mofl material words 
in it which ihould make for his Hypotheiis are really added by 
him« viz. thofe which I have therefore included in a Parenthefis. 
All the reft following are Jofefhuis : but thofe other are entirely of 
Mr. l's adding. Jefiphus was now in the condufion of that Jewiff? 
Hiftory) which he had been upon from the i^th of Jehoiakira (h). 
And therefore he iakl that Vor this caufe Judasa> Jerufalem> and the 
Ten^ lay defilate 70 years. As if he had faid» the Defolations of 
Judaea ^sm^ Jeru^eni began in the fiurth year of Jthcnzkimj for then 
began the 70 years Vajfalage to the King of Babylon, from ^whencefbr- 
vjord All Judaea v}as continually Sable to, and harraffeA ivith the i»- 
roods and incurfims of the Chaldaeans ^till the i ith of Zedekiah ,* but 
thofi Defolations viere not vjholly accomplijhed^till the deftruilim of the 
City^ and burning of the Temple afterguards at 1% years ^fiance in the 
faid 11th of Zedekiah. 

But ihould Mr. L. reply againft this as the meaning of Jofephus, 

and that becaufe he will doubtlefs tell us here that fofephus hath 

exprcflly excepted any invafion of Judaa in that year, vi^ in the 

fourth year of Jehoiakim^ forafmuch as he hath laid {i) In thefmrtb 

E 4. year 

(a) ThU 19th, as we fliatl have occafion to note hereafter, is in Jofe^has only the i8th; 

h) p.' II. of Mr. L. (t) Which Text hach been fully conTider'd above in p. %z, &e. 

d) Am. lib. X. c. 9. p. 4. ^4. Edit. Hudf. (>) Am. lib. xj. c i. p. 468. (/) 
lib. XX. p. 900. (g) lib. t. con* jtf. p. 1344. {b) Anc. x. c. vi. initio, 
(f) Ant. lib. X. p. 441. 


5 6 That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecy 

year of his (vi&. Jehoiakim's) reign Nebuchadnezzar having fmote 
Pharaoh Necho's armyy thereupon faffing Euphrates yJ/zV ^ Syria as 
far as Pelufium, JVDjSSA only exceftedy the Anfwer is cafy, that 
'tis true here is the Exception : but by whom we know not. Not 
likely by Jofephus^ nor by any one elfe that knew, at leaft confi- 
der'd the teitimony of Berofus^ as cited by Jofcphus after in two 
places of his book {a)^ wherein the contrary is evident from Berch 
fus. For by his account Nelmchadnezzar muft neceflarily have in- 
vaded yucLea alfo in that Expedition,- becaufe he fpeaks expreflly of 
JEWISH Prifoners, as well as Egyptian, Syrian, and Phcenician ta- 
ken in it in both thofe places as quoted by Jofcphus from him. 
And as now according to the exprefs teftimony of Berofus as ci- 
ted by yojephusy Nebuchadnezx,ar had his ye'u^ Captives, as well 
as thofe of other countries there named, where does Mr. L, think 
that that Prince had thofe Je*wiJIj Captives but in Judaa ? He bad 
his other Prifoners there mentioned out of their refpedive Coun- 
tries,- and therefore alfo his Je*wijh Captives out of Judaa, and e- 
ven from J2rufakm it felf now taken by him in thej^irr/i&^ Jehoi- 
akim : according to the exprels teftimony of Berofus likewife as ci- 
ted by Jofephus (h). For according to that Hiftorian upon Nehu- 
chadmz.zar'^s coming to Babylon in the year after, upon his father^s 
deathy and hcomlrg Lord of all his fathers Empire, He 'with the 
SPOILS of JVAR magnificently repaired, and deckt the Temple of 
Bel, 6 c. 

Now what, or whence doth Mr. L think were thefe Spoils ef 
War, <tDhtch wyu) became the, deckings of Belus his Temple hut the 
Vejfels of the Houfe of God at JERUSALEM which Nebuchadnex- 
nir now carried into the land of SHINER to the Houfe tf his God, 
according to the Prophet Daniel (c) ? 

How Nebuchadnezzar the fon had gone out on this Expedition 
againft Pharaoh Necho in the year before, viz. in the latter end of 
the thJrd of JeliOiakim according to Daniel (d), I have before (e) 
fhewn from the learned Dr. Prideaux : as alio how after Pharaoh 
JvW.?^'s Overthrow in the beginning of Jehoiakim's ^irr^i, and al- 
fo after the reduction of Syria and Phoefsicia, before the end of that 
year Jerufalem v/as taken (/). And thus the Jewilh Captives, and 
the Spoils of War mentioned by Berofus (g) as the deckings of the 
Temple of Bd, even Danieh (h) Vejfels of the Houfe of God were ta-^ 
ken by Nebuchadnezzar in the^«r/^ year ^ Jehoiakim thus nece0a- 
rily coequal, or coincident with the Scripture firft (i) of the faid 
Nebuchadfjezzar : but not of the father, ^s Mr. X.. moft miftakenly 
bath made it to be, but neceflarily of the fon in Berofiis his ac- 
count of his reigning in conjuiidion with his father, (about tssio 
years before his death;) v^ha bsing then unable to nndergo the fatigues 

(4) Ant. lib. X. c. xi. P. 459. & con Ap. lib. i. p. t 342. (^) ib* (r) Ch. u 

%. (4/)a. i. I. (V)Seep.46> &c. (/) See ib. (|;) A« in tfce pbcea of 


contain exaBly four hundred^ and ninety Tears. 57 

if ivar took his fin into (a) Ofartnerfhif if Government 'with him^ 
dund fent him upon the expedition^ as above. 

And there is a remarkable Circumftance here twice noted by 
Berofus {b) which confirms us herein ^ vix,. that Nebuchadnezzar 
the fin when he went upon this expedition^ 'was m the flower ef 
his age. He muft then probably have been about 30 years of 
age. And as he reigned 43 years after his father's death {c)» he 
muft thus have been 73 at his own death : Which is 3 years be- 
yond the age of King David, 

But if as Mr. x. would have it^ this Ej^)edition had been in the 
fivrth of Jehoiakim as coincident with the firfi ef Nebuchadnez- 
zar the father, then of courfe the Son muft have been about aa 
years older, that is> he muft have been about 95 years old at hii 
death. An Age this in no wife likely for him to have arriv'd ac» 
who had been fb exceedingly harraHed in war, as he had been more 
or lefi, for fix or feven and thirty years together (d). But had this 
been hd: of his living to fuch an advanced age, or pretty near iX'^ 
there is no doubt but it would have been fomewhercj, or other 
remarked of him : Whereas I know of nothing like it. 

There is yet another particular in the teftimony of Berofis 
which unavoidably proves againft Mr. X. in the cafe before u^ 
viz. that the fourth of Jehoiakim in which was made this Expe- 
dition of Nebuchadnezzar againft Judaa^ muft have been in the 
faid fourth, as equal to the frft of Nebuchadnezzar the fear, 
{and not the father, as Mr. X. hath made it,) and that is, that 
the father ded vjhik the Son vjas upon this Expedition (e). But if 
the Son was upon this expedition in the frjt of the father, he 
muft in that cafe have been full 20 years upon it at leaft be- 
fore his father's death (/). And thus the father muft have been 
sT^rm from the firfi year of his reign, and the fbn muft have been 
upon this expedition all that time, in doing that v;hich accord- 
ing to the account of the holy Scriptures muft certainly have been 
done in two years, and according to Berofus alfo muft have been 
done in the two laft years of Nebuchadnezzar the father, and 
confequently in the firft of the fon*s Conjundion with tlic father, 
when now towards the latter end of his reign he was got /^rw, 
and fo was become unable to bear the fatigjues of war, and 
his Son was now exprefHy according to Berofits alfo, in the 
flower of his age. 

For thefe plain reafons therefore Jofyphus, or whoever it was 
for him that excepted the invafionof Judxa in this Expedition, 


{a) yf*hopiittafams audita rebellions e^^ypti mific filium eo a\m regio Tmperio, fic 
regio Exercicu. A quo tempore confurgit Iniriiim Nabmhodonnjori cum pacre regran- 
Cis. Jof, Seal, de Emendatione Temp, p. xiii. prolog, where he fhews how it was cuP- 
tomary for Kings thus to appoint. \b) In loc. fiip. cir. U^ Sec Pttl. Can. and the 

Table annex'd. ^d) viz, from the end of the ihi id Year of ^jfhoiakimy or from the 
»ear before jf, D, 607 to the Year huefore w/#. D, yycwhen, and not before, he was at 
reft from all bis wars. See the Chrun, Table annexed. (e) See 'Bcrofm exprclUy in 

)oco fuDra citato* (/} For be rcign'd ^i years, /'i*/, CaQ«,. 


5« That the Seventy Weeks of this Tropbecy 

Ittth excepted it s^inft the exprefi teftiixxuiy not only of Scrips 
ture (a\ but alfo of Berofus^ whofe teftimony in the feveral ptr* 
ticulars thereof is evident concurring with the (acred Account. 
And therefore we muft vxy either that Jofeflm was afleep here» 
when he made this exception* for 'tis plain that he knew not 
what he did, if he made it, or elie if we would confuit, and fave his 
credit, who himfidf hath quoted Bnv/Sv, asabove» nolefi than twice 
againft himfelf here as to fuch Exception, we muft conclude dut 
iome other Perfon either throueh ignorance, or ddSgn here contra- 
ty to all truth dapt it in. And fo Jofifhui hath fumr'd for it ever 
feice. And fuch who have followed him in it, have done itper- 
kaps inadvertendy, as having not duly confider'd the expreis tefti- 
monies againft diem in this matter either of the holy Scriptures, 
cr of Berofus, 

And However the £ud Exception of JutUa out of this Expedi- 
tion of Nebuchadnezzar the fon againil Vharaoh Necbo (b) came 'n>' 
tbjofephys in this place, yet he eUewhere haXhconi^edNebuchai^ 
wezzar the ion's coming againft Egypt with his coming aUb in that 
Expedition into yuJaa : As having quoted Berofas his teftimonies 
in other matters, he fiiys (0 in the following words with reib^ 
to the matter in hand, that this Hiflmant iufSrms us how King Ne- 
buchadnezzar fent his fin into Egypt, anJ to OUR COUNTRT 
'voTth great poaver, &c. But this Expedition into E^t as cited 
from Berofus could be no other* than that, in which, as I have a« 
bove (hewn, Nebuchadnexxar took the Vejfels of the Temple at Jern-* 
folem, which afterwards by Berofus his telling became the decking^ 
of the Temple of BeL But this, as I have alfo (hewn, was in the 
fiurth ^Jehoiakim coincident with thefrji of Nebucbaduezscar the 
fon> as reigning two years, and according to Berofus the two lafi: 
years of the now innrm old man his father's life in conjundkja 
with him. And therefore Mr. L, is exceedingly mifUken if 
he here couples thoie words laft quoted by Jofephus from 
Berofus [vix. Our Country with great power"] with the words im- 
mediately following, [after the word Power] of Nebuchadnezzar'^ 
finding the Jews rebels and fubduing them, and burning the Tempde 
at Jerufalem, and fo departing^ and carrying with him all the nation 
into Babylon^ Wloireupon the city was defolate LXX years until the 
reign ef Cyrus the Periian. For thefe things happened not in, but 
after the \fh cf Jehoiakim; the Jews rebelling in the ydi year-of 
JehoiakiWi after he had fer^d the King of Babylon :^ years (d)y and 
the burning of the temple not 'till the i ith of Zedekiab, which is at 1 8 
years diftance from the ^h of Jehoiakim. But;' Berofus his tefti- 
pQony here reacheth no lower than the {aid 4/^ of Jehoiakim, as 


{a) Dan,u z, (h) And Pharaoh Necho by name Jofephus hath here roention'd: 

"W' hich is perfcAly agreeing with the Scripture 4th ot Jehoiakim and the firft of ^e*»- 
thadnexzar the Son. ^er, xxv. x. (c) lib. i* coo. Ap.inloc. fupi dc. {d) 2 JQ%f 

contain exa£tfyfour hundreds and ninety Tears. 5 9 

tOQcbii^ the Expedition of Nelmchaibiexzar the Ton in the fiowit 
tf tw ^p and in the h^rrn, and Jeclimngftate §/ thefdiber. 

Tbeiefore all that ibuows after in Jofefhiu$ as juft novir quoted 
[after die word Fower] are not the words ol Berofitty nor indeed 
the fenfe of them : buc they are the words either of Jrfephus, or 
latherj as W€ ihall fee caiiile ro conclude, the words of fome or 
other of his Corrupters^ who have here giv'n a moft miftaken and 
confiifed fenfe of Berpfis, in no wife confiftent either with the 
Scripture^ or Berofus, or even with Jofeflm hirofelfj wfaofe firft t£ 
the LXX Years Babyhmjb Captivity preceding the firfi ^ Cyrus 
xnuft alfo according to him no leis than accoitiing to Scripture, 
and Berofm have begun from the fottrtb of Jehoiakimj however 
Mr. X. hath placed his nth cf Zedekiah as Joftphus his beginning 
thereof, and at 70 years diftance from his jirfi rf Cyrus : for which 
he hath giv'n us his fecQnd> and third Quotations as above, but in 
both with his own Infertions alio as above^ of the feid i ith tf Ze- 
deldah. Butas to the bid 

Seamd §l$uftafum, leaving out Mr. Vs infertion, that is evidently 
as generafas is the former. And it can no otherwife ferve Mr. £• 
xbaxk as he hath thruft in that infertion : for this is the teftitnony as 
it ftands in Jofiphus, viz. The firfi af Cyrus luas the fiventieth year 
after that the Jews v^ere carried captive into Babylon (a). But bv 
j^fiphn/s appealing to the Prophet there prefently after, as be telu 
us that the Refianratim cf the Jews ty Cyrus banned according to 
the divine predi<3Jon> even as God had fitretold them BEFORE the 
Defiru^im cf the City, that after theV had SERVD Nebuchadneii- 
Zar and his fofierity ffir 70 years, he weuld again refiere them to 
their Ceuntrey ^wherein they 'were ham, his fevenciech Year here fpo- 
ken of as at that diftance preceding the firft of Cyrus, and being 
tberdbre neceflarily the firft of the yiwijb ValTaiage to Babylon^ 
muft confequendy be coincident with the Scripture 4/^0^ Jehoi-* 
akirn^ as that is at 70 years diftance from the firft cf Cyrus. For 
otherwife wherefore did Jofefhm refer to Scripture here, in the 
Predidion } And what predidion was it but of the Prophet J^^wi- 
ah (b)? — And when did the Prophet declare it, but in the fourth 
year rf the reign of Jehoiakinb *which v>as the firft of Nebuchadnez* 
Zar {c), in which very Year this VafTals^e b^n ? As by the Pro- 
jrfiet's account it eviclendy did, as I have above (hewn (d) beyond 
aU contradidion. What muft we fay then in this cafe of jfofi* 
fhuis referring to the Prophet here, but that he hath either fol- 
lowed the Prophet in his reckonii^ the years of this Captivity of 
yiulahy or he hath not ? — If he hath followed the Prophet, he is 
in the r^ht, and Confequently Mr. £. is in the wrong, and quite 
inift:aken in making Jojefhvs to begin the 70 years of the Capti^ 


(4) y*/ Ant. lib. ». c. I. p. 468. (*)T^- XXV. and xxix. (0 Jtr, xxv. i. 
li\ See above* where I have prov'd from JeremUh's Letter,' and from the Years 
^Jeccniab'i Captiviij, that chat of Jndab ca^QQC pudibly bayq its begiooing any where 

60 That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecf 

▼ity in the i ith of Zedekiah. But if Jofephus hath not foUawed the 
Prophet, Mr. L, will furely own him in the wrong. And fo muft 
Every man elfe, if not merely out of reverence to God's word, 
as fuch, yet unqueftionably in this cafe, as the word of God by 
his Prophet is the very Authority here cited. But herein Jofephus 
cannot be found agreeing otherwife than as his firft year of the reigrt 
rfCyvuSjwbichy faith he, ivas the yoth year after that our Nation was 
tranflated from Judaea to Babylon, muft have been the 70th from the 
fourth year of the reign of Jehoiakim, And if it was not fo in Jo^ 
fephuf his Account, we muft then give him up to a grofi, and moft 
unpardonable miftafce here. And indeed fo we muft as to Mr. ]L. ; 
however it were with Jofephus. But he may get off, for any thing 
chat Mr. I', hath urged in his 

Third Rotation from him ; the words whereof, Mr. L*s ufual 
infertion taken out, are only thefe, viz. that after the (pace of 70 
Y^ars Cyrus releafed the Jews from their Captivity. But for any 
thing here to the contrary, Jojephus's firft of thefe 70 years might 
be from xht fourth ^Jehoiakim. No, faith Mr. L. here,* not fo, 
hwtfrom the Temples being burnt by Nebuchadnezzar, or which is 
aU one from the nth if Zedskiah, when that hapned. To which 
my reply is 

Firfij that Mr. L. can have no other ground for attributing fuch 
miftakcn reckoning here to JoJ^phus, than as he had indeed then 
been fpeaking of the Temple ,• but that however no otherwife than 
as he was giving a general account of the Priefthood from ^aron 
downward to the burning of it, when as he tells us the then 
High-Prieft Joxedek was carried captive. And 

Secondly 'i However afterwards we read the following words of 
Jofiphm, viz. that, ^fter the taking of Jerufalem by the oabylonians 
untnfuch time at Cyrus difmtjjed the Jews, ^c. with permijjum to re* 
tdfi': their Tempk there are Seventy Tears, yet Mr. l's Conclufion 
here that this taking of the City muft have been that in the nth of 
Zedekiah, ii in no wife neceflary, becaufe it ispoflible that Jofi* 
phuis meaning might be of that taking of the City which was in 
the fourth ^ Jehoiakim: 

Had indeed Jefephus in the end of thofe words of his, y^ftet 
the taking of the City, added alfo, and after the burning of the Tem* 
pky then indeed Mr. l's fenfe of fofephus here had been neceflarily 
deducible> as his undoubted fenfe of them. But as the words now 
ftand at large, it is poffible that Jofephus might have no other 
meaning in them than that of the Temple's being begun to be re- 
built by virtue of Cyruses Decree iffued forth in the firft year ok 
hts reign at the diftance of 70 years from the firft taking of the 
City by Nebuchadnezzar in the fourth of Jehoiakim, when was the 
firft carrying away of the Jews to Babylon by the iaid King 


contaiff exaBly foUrhundredy and ninety Tears. 6i 

. But if after all, Mn t. will have it his way according to thi% 
and efpeciaUy according to his 

Fourth puotationy as jQfepbus \s there faid by him to aflfert 
the. feate from Berofiis ChaUaic Hiftory (a)y as the words of J«* 
Jeptmsy or of thofe who have corrupted him there moft egrep- 
oufly, are that in OUR IVRTUNGS *we find that NebuchadneiMt 
m the lith year rf his rei^ £d defiroy our Tempky and that it fi 
remained threefcore^ and ten Tears (i), my reply is not only that dus 
teftimony pretended to be agreeing with Berofus is abfolutely in- 
confiftent with it, as I have already fhewn (f), but as I here add,^ 
it alfo carries in it its own confutation in a miftaken appeal to the 
holy Scriptures, for the fad of that which according to them 
was evidently otherwife, as agreeably to them JerufJem was ta- 
ken» and the Temple burnt not in any 18/A ef Nebuchadnez- 
zar, but expreflly in the 19th {d)y and that neceflarily of the 
fon in. their {e) reckoning, and in the 17th of the Babyhm/b Ac- 
count (/), with which is coinckient their nth of Zedekiah, on- 
ly at 52 years diftance from their /r/ of Cvrus (g). But Jofephus 
in his i%th of Nebuchadnezzar hpre accoras not with thofe Wri- 
tings, to which he here appeals. And he is no otherwife reconcile- 
able with them than by feyiog that he hatli been corrupted here, 
of which I fhall have occafion to fpeak more hereafter. But Mr. 
JL. hath here (h) correded him to our hands, as to this miftakea 

Ear, and therefore made it the 19th of Nebuchadnezzar, as it tni- 
was, in which the Temple was burnt. But as he hath fHll con- 
'd this 19th to the 19/A^ Nebuchadnezzar the father upon the 
authority of Jofephw, he hath herein put him at the greateft dif- 
tance of reconciliation that can be, not only with the holy Scrip- 
tures, but alfo with himfelf in other fure Hiflorical paflages of him, 
and grand Charafiers of thefe times evidently agreeing with the 
holy Scriptures, which I fhall therefore now particularly confider- 
And by fuch confideration we fhall reap this benefit however, 
that if we cannot clear Jofephus of all his feeming miftakes, or 
rather notorious corruptions of him. We fliall however clear him in 
the main, as we fliall evidently difcover a. twenty years difference 
between Jofephus and Mr. L,., And this will go a great way alfo 
towards reconciling Jofephus with Scripture, and Berofis, and even 
with himfelf: Allowing fuch other pafTages as they at prefent ftand 
in his book, and are abfolutely inconfiflent with him in his certain 
dates of time fixed by him in exadt, and full accordance with 
Scripture, to have been not his, but corruptions of him. And 


(a) Jef. con. Ap. lib. I. p. 134*. Ed. ffnJf, (h) ix\ irn xariiurrx ex Znfthhi 
€c Syncelio legit Hndfonius. According to v/hich reading JoJcphMs vtry truly exprefled himfelf 
in a round numbcr> as to the Temple's lying deibUte from its deftruftion in the 1 1 th of 
Zedekiah to the rebuilding thereof in the iirft of Cyrus : tho* the term thereof ftriftly, and 
exa£Hy be /i years : as is evident from Jofephus his own numbers, as we Ihall fboo fee. 
(j) v/x. Occafionally under Mr, L's firft QiJOtatioD from Jofephus, {d) z KJn^t xxv. 8- 
y^r. lii. 12. {e) viz. as the 4th of Jehoiakim is equal to the firft of Neb, Jer, xx^. 
^|. (/) See the iable annexed, (g) Seeib. (*) p. 3 3 . of Mf . Z,, 

6z That the Seventy Weeks of tkisTra^hecf 

therefore where he is either miftakeny or corrupted in Ictbt num« 
bersj or in grofi and felf-evident fidfities whether genuine* or fpiH 
rious* in them he is to be correded> and annended by being 
brougjhc into conformity with himfelf in thofe particulars> wherein 
be is certainly in the right. And of thefe the 

Firfi tim I flisdl mention is his Jlrft of Cyrus. And that I look 
upon as moft proper to fix in the firft place : A9 thereby we ihall 
aub fix Jofiphus his endii^ of the 70 vears of the Bakjwn^ Cap^ 
tivity : and thereby we (hall be enablea to come at the knovdec^ 
alio of his beginning of them. 

And for J^ephu^s firft cf Cyrus, we muft furely go to his owh 
Quotaticm nom the ihotmdm Annals. As according to thefe An>« 
nals cited {d). In the \ifb (f Hirom King vf [ne5^ Tyre, Cyrus 
^as made Emperour ef Perfia. But this of King Hir^m, as I 
have already had occafion to ihew {b) falls in exadly with the fe^ 
cond year of Darius the Mede {e) or the year wherein he diedi 
and Cyrut fucceeded him in the whole Empire. And fo the year 
following becomes his firft according to thele Annals* no lefi than 
I have above fhewn it to be according to the holy Scriptures, 
and Xeieophom. 

And the fame muft Confequently have been Jefiflmfs firft of 
Cyrui alio* if he knew any diing of thoie Annals which he hath 
li^ Quoted : And if he did not, to what purpofe did he ouote 
them r But this is by no means to be (\raoo/A nere. And uiere-> 
fore JeJMmis firft cf Cyrus is the 70th Year fh)m the bqgiiuiing 
of the Captivitv in the very fame reQ)ed* or manner as the 
Scripture ftft ef Cyrus is fo^ viz. from the Scripture j^b iff Je* 

But by Mr. Vs telling {d), this was not Jofepbufs firft ef Qy^ 
rus : for his was about 18 or 19 years earUa*, viz. in me year of 
they. P. 4154* or 4155 {e) as being the firft year of the 55th 
Olympiad* whence there is indeed a computation of a thirty yeartf 
reign of Cyrus from the time of his being General over the confer 
derated Army of Medesy and Terfjans againft the Babyhfdans (f). 
But that this ihouU have been jofepburs firft rf Cyrus it is in no 
wife probable. For in tmth it hath no other foundation than that 
of Mr. JL's pure imagination here taken up merely for the fake of 
ferving his pufpofe in his before noted miftake of the beginning 
of the 13 years Siege of Tyre, as he hath placed that in the jth of 
Nebuchadnezxar the fbn reigning in conjundion with his father^ 
and that alfo upon the mifbken authority of Jofiphus in this par^ 
ocular* as I (hall (hew prefently. But this \s the foundation of 
Mr. V$ making Jofephus'/ fir^ of Cyrus to have been his firft in 
that 30 years computadon of nis reign as now mentionU 

{*) J^* Ant. lib, Hi p. 460 & con. %Ap. Ub. i. p. 1344) 1345". {it) Seeaboire^ 
(c] See tbe Table annexed. (i) p. 40. of Mr. L. (r) Or (be year before A. P^ 
/60, or SS9' (/) ^ Pri4* GoBuim* p. lo^. ^ lay^ 

contain exaSilj four hundredj and ninety Tears. 6i 

As to whi(:h conceit of Mr. X.. I obferve 

Vrrfi, that here furdy He hath aded in the grtateft inconfiflen*^ 
cy imaginable bodi wim Jofifhits, and alfo but eljpecially with hioH 

For upon die ceftimony of Jofephus alfo he hath induffaioufly 
made xbcfirft /ear rf Cyrus tbe feventieth from the htrmhfg rf the 
Temple in his therdbre raiied lUb rf Zedekiah. It is & veij 
life of his Hypodiefis. But this he deftroys abfolutdy by tellii^ 
us here for die &kc of jufti^ing his miftaken Siege of 7)re» due 
the firft year of the f^th ofymfiad was Jofephus*/ /ry? ^ Cyrus; 
for even from Mr. L's rais'd xith rf Zedekiah as faliely made equal 
to die year of the J^. P. ^io6» down to the firft year of the $5di 
Olymfiad, and the year of the J. P. which accordit^ to Mr. L. himfitf 
anfweis to it 4iS4> or 4155 there are no more than 4S or 49 
years. What becomes then of Mr. Vs 70 Years Captivity o£ tne 
Jevis from the burning of the Temple to the firfi aj Cvrus in his 
pretended teftimony of Jrfifhui here ? — ^— If this were JoJefhus\firf 
rf Cyrus> then necef&rily Mr. X>. is loft here as to this point of 
his beginning uid ending the Capdvity upon the teftimony of Jih 

But if that other in Mr. V^ reckoning of it was it> as beii^ the 
70th from his rais'd wth rf Zedekiah> then Mr. I*, is loft on dief 
other hand as to the authority of Jofykmt for his miftaken fiege of 

Otherwife Jrfefhus muft have had two reckonings of the Jirf 

year of Cyrus. And fo truly Mr. I«. {a) hath told us. But 

hath Jofiphus told us fo ? ^He hath not, that I know of. And 

Writers that are confiftent with themfdves dually have but one. 
At leaft th^ are fo land as to tdl us fo> when they have more: 
i^d of Jofy>husj it is to be prefum'd that he would have done fo 
likewife. Tis therefore alfo to be prefum'd that he had but one 
and the bme firft rf Cyrus. 

But ndther of thefe after all couU have been his firft rf Cyrus* 
for neither of them is the firft rf Cyrus according to the Fhrnnid^ 
an AnndS) or the holy Scriptures,- whofe firft according to them, 
and therefore according to yofephus alfo, as before noted, is the 70th 
neceflarily> and only from the fourth <?/^ Jehoiakim. 

But Setrndfyy Mr. L, hath equally miftaken Jofepbus in the very 

Sundadon of fuch miftaken firft of Cyrus. That is as he hath 
ade the fiege of Tyre to have been begun in the fev:nth of Ne- 
buchadnezzar from the following hiftory in yofephus (b , viz, la 
the teifft rf King Ithobal, Nebuchadnezzar beficged Tyre 1 3 years ; 
Baal reigned IQ years. After him others (c) 32 years, and 3 months. 
So thai this tvhoU time is 54 years and 3 months y [as the words ftand 


{a) p. 40.of A^r. L, hft line but r* where he fijrs that Joftphns in ^he firft of Cyrmt 
there mcntionM foUowed the generally receiv'd Opinion, ^c, (A) Jof. oon. Ap. lib. 

h p 1 544» » 54^' (f ) See them before particularly namedr 

d4 7*^6^^ the Seventy Weeks of this Trophec} 

bere at this time :] for Nehucbauhezzar began to hjiege Tyre in the 
SE VE NTH year if his reign^ and m the fourteenth year ef King 
HiromV reign Cyrus *was made En^our of Perfia. 

Here the diftinguiOied SEVENTH year Mr. Z. hath io a 
miftake applied to NehichadnezzoTi as the feventh of his reign ; 
whereas without all c^c&xonjofephus meant it of ^ht feventh of the 
lyrian King Ithobah SNhok feventh here mention'd was the feventh 
of his 19 y^r? reign {a), and confequendy the firfi ^Nebuchadnez- 
zar's 13 years fiege of Tyre. For Joje^s in the beginning of the 
Paragraph had faid only in general that in the reign cfKing Idiobal> 
Nebuchadnezzar befegedTyre ij years. Here he adds particularly 
rfiat he began the faid liege in the jthyear of his reign: ■ of who(o 
reign, but the Tyrian KinglthobaTs? So that according to yofe^ 
phus here, as it was in the 14th year of a lyrian King> viz. King 
iDrom that Cyrus was made Emperour of Per/ta, fa according tahim 
aifo in the 7th of a Tyrian King, viz. King Ithobaly it was that Ne^ 
Buchadnezzar laid fiege to 7)re. For in all reafbn the Tyrian Obfer- 
vation ought equally to hold in both refpcStSy viz. to the jth of 
Irhobal, as well as to the i^h of Hirom> becaufe Jofephus is here 
defignedly quoting the Thiemcian Annals, in adjufting diefe times by 
them, and therefore doubtlefs as well the time of Nebucbadnezzars 
hying fiege to Tyre in the reign of one ot thefe Tyrian Kings, as the 
time of Cyrus's being made Emperour of Ferjia alfo in the immediate 
date of a Year of one of thofe Kings. 

And from the 7th of the faid Tyrian King Ithobal to the laft, or 
20th of King Hirom there are here faid to have been 54 years, and 
3 months, viz. as the yth of Ithobal is exclufive of this number. 
But if that 7th be added to the reckoning, as therein the fiege of 
Tjre was begun, and was therefore one of its 13 years fiege) the 
whole number of years thus becomes 55 years and 3 months ; to 
which the full number of years here mention'd doth really amount. 
It muft have been in the former refpedl: therefore, that the other 
general fum, if that was the true original fum^ and not this was here 
na ed by Jofefhuf. 

But Thirdly, It is by no means likely either that Jofephus fliould 
have quoted the Thcenician Annals with any the leafl relation to fuch 
a foreign firft of Cyrus, as is this here pretended by Mr. L. to have 
been referr'd to by him, or even that the PAa?«/Vw» Annals acknow- 
ledged fuch a firfi of Cyrus, with which the Jewifh Writings here 
referr'd to by Jofephus in their agreement with them is in no wile 
cbncern'd. For Jofephus is here ejcpreflly appealing to thefe Annals 
for their agreement with Je*wifh Hiftory. But fuch ^ firfi of Cyrus 
is vaftly remote from the firfi of Cyrus of the Scriptures (b) ; which 
are the Hebrevj Hiftoriesof Jofephus; the Holy Books, as he (c) calls 
them> which accord. ng to hisfrotefi there, his defgn was faithfully ta 
• tranf- 

(c) He was moft likely kill'd in the end of the fiege. iSVe above. {b) The PlfFerenca 
is aboit fome 23 years, u much as is becweea y)-^ before A. D. and/ 36* (c) Ajit^ 
lib. x> ch. X. iub wie* 

emtain exaStfy four hundred^ and ninety Tears. 6f 

ptamflate mfo ^i&f Greek t(mgjite. And therefore in whacibever he bath 
snanifeftly varied from thofe facred Records of thofe times> he muft 
be concluded to have been either groflly miflaken, or exceedingly 
cormpced y which latter feems to have been his fate very much in 
tUspirt ofJMJb Hillory (a). 

Hbweverit having heenjojeftus^s profefs'd deGgn topve the Hsfto* 
pyrf the holy Scr^tures in another tongue^ we ought to allow him e* 
very thing that we can wherein he b reconcileable with them. And 
therefore in the cafe before us of his firft of CytuSj and of his rc^ 
ferrlng to the Phoenician Annals for the iiege of lyroy by all meani 
we ought; for it is buc juftice to him as well as to the truths to takd 
it (or granted that his meaning in all this was fuch as is perfe&ly a« 
gieeine with the holy Scriptures. 

And fo taking his 7th year as above-mentioned to have been the 
ytb of Ithobal) which as I have (hewn the Text perfectly allows, 
and indeed juilifiesj he will be found to be exadly agreeing with the 
holy Scriptures in his firft of Cjrus^ and alfo in the 1} years fiege of 
^lyre begun according to them (S), and aUb according to the Thcemd-^ 
4m Annals at about fome 49 years diflance from their /r/? of Cyrus* 
as well as from the fame alio of the holy Scriptures. And thus theVi 
and thePA<nww» Annals, and Jofefhus are all found to be perfeftly 
agreeing. And therefore this mufl neceflarily have been the truth 
here. And confequently Mr. I. as he hath placed the iiege of tjri 
te it hath been above. (fj fhewn) in an utter inconfiftency with the 
Prophet EztffeV/'s Year of it in his>Era of the Captivity of Jeconiah^ 
£0 he haxh on that account evidently perverted both the Thtenkian 
Annals, and alfo Jofefhus as to their account of that fiege, and their 
frfi of Cyrus : and all becaufe Jofephu^s 'jth of Ithobal is by Mr. I. 
erroneouuy made the 'jth of Nebuchadnezzar the fon reigning iti 
conjun<aion with his father. Againft which, that it Could never pof^ 
fibly have been Jofephuis meaning, I add 

Fourthly> becaufe Jofefhus hath not giv*n Us any the leaft fbOC- 
fteps that I can find of Nehuthadnezzar the fon his reigning in con- 
jundion with his father, than that one only from Berofus already 
mention'd (d). But that evidently excludes all farther imagination of 
any conjundive reign beyond that of about fome the two laft years of 
Kebuchadnezzar the father's life, as I have alfo fhewn (e) from the 
ComparM teftimonies of Scripturey Berofusy and Jofefhus in their 4,/A 
year of the reign of Jehoiakim : which muft therefore have been 
equivdent to, orcorrefponding with the jfr/?o/ Nebuchadnezzar the 
fon fo reigning, even according to Jofefhus alfo, as well as Scripture, 
and Berofus* 

For this I will lay down as a certain, Or undeniable truth here, that 
thefiurth ojf Jehoiiikim of Jofefhus muft neceflarily be coincident 
with the firft of, Kehuchadnezzar^ either of the father, or of the 

F fon 

(s) In the tenth book of his Antiq. no Icfs than in hit eleventh, of which Dr. Pridt 
hath particularly animadverted. [Con. Hift- p. joi, ficc] (*J See iH^Table tlkucxe4» 
(<} See above. {d) See above. (e) See above* 

66 That the Seventy Weeks <?/ this ^rophecf 

fon (a). But if it can be proved from Jofefhusy that Im fourth cfje* 
hoiakim cannot be coincident with the firll of the father, it tnufttl^ 
follow that it is the firft of the fon, with which the faid fourth of 
Jehoiakim was furely coincident according to him alfo, as well as ac« 
cording to the holyScriptureS) and Berofat, 

And this will be made to appear from thofe other unqueftionable 
Charaders, and Dates of time which we meet with in his book> and 
are yet behind to be confider^d, which do evidently clear up thcfe 
matters, and fhew as well where Jofephus hadi been moft probably 
corrupted, as alfo his real agreement in the main, even as we now 
have him, both with the holy Scriptures, and with Berofrf. And 
thefe fixed Charadters^ or Dates of time of Jofephus we therefore 
ihall now go on with. 

And the fecond that I (hall mention though not coming next m rega« 
lar order of time, yet in weight, and point of ceirtainty, and alfo in rei- 
fped of the great fervice it will be to the fettling other points, deferving 
Ae firft notice, is that of 'Evibnerodach^s releafing Jecomah out of prifon. 

Now that this hap*ned in the 37th year of Jeconialfs Captivity, 
we are inform'd expreffly in the holy Scriptures (h). 

And therefore Mr. i. alfo to make fome fliew of agreement whh 
them, though in this very matter he really differs from them in no 
lefs than a 20 years diflterence, yet He hath placed this Hiftorical 
lad accordingly in his miftaken yjth uf JecoMah^ in his rais'd (uc* 
ceffion of time [from ^t fourth ^Jehoiakim by him made coinci* 
dent with the firft of NabopoUafar, or Nebuchadnezzar thefirfi, or 
the Father j] in the year of the J. P. 4132 {c). Now this feme year 
of the J. P. is evidently 20 years before Nehuchadftezzar the fon's death, 
and his fon EvUmerodach^s fucceeding him in the year of the J. P. 4152 
{d). And fo according to Mr. L. the releafe of yeconiah was 2d 
years before Nebuchadnezzar the fon's death, and fo of courfo equal 
to his 20 years raised ^jth ^JeconiahV Captivity. 

Now if Jofephuis 4/A of Jehoiakim be equal to Mr. x's firfi of 
Nebuchadnezzar, or of Nebuchadnezzar the father, it muft here 
unavoidably follow that according to Jofefhus afib, as well as Mr. £., 
Bvilmerodach releafed Jectmah 20 years before the death of Nebu« 
chadnezzar the Son. 

But it is fo far from that according to Jofephus^ that by his er- 
prels teftimony here, Jecomah was not releafed 'till a&ually after thofe 
20 years, foon after the death of the (akl Nebuchadnezzar. Jofo'^ 
phus [Ant, Ub. x. r. xi. initw] tells us thus expreffly, -^ FrE R Ne- 
buchadnezzarV<dfeij:/A, te^^wEvilmerodach obtained the Kingdom^nuho 
INCONTINENTLY deSver^dJcconishKingifJcrufaiem out of 
frifon. But Evilmerodach did not obtain the Kingdom 'till after the 
death of his father a little before the conclufion of the 37th year of 
the Captivity ^ Jeconiah, and exadly at 20 years diftance from Mr. £*s 
miftaken 37th thereof: as may be feen in the Table annexed. I 

(4) For CO the firft of Nehuchadnezxar we are tied down by Jeremiah xxv. i . {h) x 
Kin jrxxv. »7. Jer, Ui. 31^ (^) o» before A. P. J82. (,d) Or before A, D» 

emtam exaBfyfour hundred^ and ninety Tears. 6f 

I know indeed thac Mr. X. hath giv'n us another account of Evil^ 
werodadfs obtaining the Kingdom 20 years before (a). But that is 
only as he hath there made NetntchaduezzMr to go diftradied at thaC 
time> merely to fiivourhis miftakenHypothefis £re in his rais'd ^jtb 
if Jeconiah> by his advancing the Diftradion of Neiuckadnezzar 
purdy as a lundle for his giving the Government to EvilmerodAch for 
the iakeof hisimag^n'd releafe ^ Jeconiah 20 years before the death 
of NekucbadMezzar. But this is all Imagination of Mr. L. and before 
bim alio of Sir y$hHMarJham^ whom he hath here therefore cited in 
his favour. But if Authorities would ferve in this cafe of the time of 
Netuchadtezzsr^s Diftradion, the time whereof is only conjeduraU 
then thofe of the late Primate V/ber^ and Bifhop L/o^, and Dr. Pri- 
demtx, would furely more than ballance here, who are all of a con- 
trary opinion herein^ and have i^ced the fame^ the two former in 
die 7 laft years of his life, the latter only in one year's difference^ a$ 
be hath fuppos'd Nehicbiukewiar to have Wd one year after his being 
Jtftor'd to ius ienfes (b). 

And diefe great men had all of them certainly better reafons than I 
can take upon my felf to give here for their opinion in this matter 
But as it is a point merely of conje&ure, we need not much to con- 
cern our felves about it. For after alU it doth in no wi£b affed the 
prefent difpute, as we fhal! fee prefendy* 

However we mav occafionally fay thus much to it, as we think it 
much more probable than not> that this furprixing di&fter (hould have 
beial'n thsLt great King rather in the clofe of his life> than 26 years before 
iccording to Mr. L. For it is not likely for reaibns which might 
be here affigned to the contrary^ that he fliould have furviv'd fucn a 
miraculous change of nature for 1 3 years after ; as Mr. t- hath hereima- 

B' a'd. It was much methinks if he furviv'd one year, as the learned 
r. Pritkaitx hath aflign'd him after his fenfes were reftor'd to him (0* 
It Was the great Primate's Opinion that he died in a few days after. 

But however that were, fkill Mr. Vs 20 years rife of the 3 jth of]ec6* 
lliah, or his releafe by Evibnerodach in his/r/? as being thtfirft cf'his reign 
dumnghtsfAtbeismadMefs'i can never be prov'd from that, becaufeche 
time thereof depends wholly upon conjedure. 

And therefore thejiVTw/^^Tradition fromSt.71?row(^arg'd here by Mr. 
i. {€) cS Evibnerodach'sreigning twice ^ even if that were true, proves no- 
diing at all in this cafe. For fuppofing that this fiible (f), for fo St. JertmH 
calls it, were true in this part of it, viz. that Evilmerodach Bad reigi^d 
twkey once in the time of his father's diftroBitnh andafeamd time after his 
father's death, yct thi^ will (ignify nothing at all, unlefs the fame fable, or 
fome other Authority hereunto fufBcienc prov'd withal, and that of a 
certainty that theYear of Nehuchadzzar's aoing mad fell in vvith the 3 7th 
of j^tfow^A's Captivity,- or in other words, thziEvibnerodach releafed 
Jeconiah in the Y^^ of Nehuchadnezzar'sff)mg mad, as reigning there- 
upon 20 years oefore his father's death. F 2 But 

(4) p. 41 of Mr. L. (b) Con. Hift. p. io6 initio. (0 In loc. lup, ch. 

{d) In £/ii. ch* xiv, lo. (e) p. 41% (/) Narraac Bihrai hujulccmodi f Ap 


6i That the iScventy ^ttVs of thisTropheiy 

But neither the one, nor the other of thefe points is prov'd by 
this Jewijb fable. Nor could the Jeniis have laid any thing like it^ 
but in dired contradidfa'on to their own Scriptures, as their ^jth rf 
Jeconiah (a) is neceflarily equal to the firfi (t) ef Evilmerodach after 
his father's death. 

And there being nothing in the fable of the ^jth ^Jeconiah, or 
of the time of Nehtchadnezzar's madnefs> it is abfolutdy incapable 
of proving any thing as to the matter in handj even upon fuppofition 
that the nble were true in its adertion of EvilmeraJacifs reiptm^ 

BMtfecondh the Tradition is ^fe^ and fb really becomes a Fahk, 
if Mr. t- will believe Jofephus in this cafe. And him he would have 
to be his darling friend throughout his Hypothefis. But his teftimony 
as elfewhere> fo here efpecially^ we have \h the ffa-ongdfty and mon 
exprefs terms againfl Mr. X. and bis Jewilb fable. For Yiyjofephuis 
telling (c)i During Nebuchadnezzar^ 7 years madnefs in the J>efart» 
NO MAN DURST intermeddle vAth the AFFAIRS of STATE. 
Therefore thus expreflly according to yofipkmij Evilmerodach could 
not have now reign'd : and Confequendy he could not now have rf- 
kafed Jcconiih out of frifin. But after alU however the Afiairs of 
Government flood during Nehucbadnezzar's Diftra&ion, and whether 
Evilynerodach his fbn reigned then, or notj we are in no wife con-* 
cern'd as to the main point in hand« becaufe as to thatj we are aflur'd 
from the plain and dired teflimony as above {d) from the fame Jofi* 
phus, that AFTER [and therefore not 20 vears BEFORE] Ne- 
buchadnezzarV <^^/^j Evilmerodach r^^^^ Jeconiah Kingcfjenj^ 
filem out (f frifin. 

And thus Jofefhus is herein mofi: exadly according with the Pro-^ 
phet yeremiahy or whoever writ that laft Chapter in his book« as his 
firji of Evilmerodach {e) is expreflly the firjttf his reign as equal to 
the 3 jth of Jeconiah> in which he lifted up the head of Jecowaih and 
brought him forth out of prijin. But this Equality could be in no other 
refped either according to the holy Scripturesj as we have formerly 
(/*) feen, or according to Jojephus^ as we now &e, than as being Evit* 
merodachV/ry? AFTER his father Nebuchadnezzar's flJ?ii/i&; when 
he furely obtained the Kingdom^ and reign'd 2 years f^)< 

And herein alfo S']x John Marjbam^s notorious miftake no lefs than 
Mr. V$ is evidently apparent. And their 20 years rife of the 37^* ^ 
Jeconiah is entirely cut oflF even by the teftimony of Jojephm, no lefi 
than by the fure authority of the holy Scriptures. 

And finally, the 37/A qf Jeconiah of the Scriptures, and the 37/A 
1^ Jeconiah of Jofephus being one and the fame Year neceflarily, as 
the flrfl 0^. Evilmerodach after the death of Nehuchadnesczar, it thus 
follows aub of courfe that the^^vr/i&0f Jehoiakim, andaUb the iitb 

(4) See r|ie Table ansexed. ^ (^) See ib. (c) Ant. lib. x. cb. x. fob fine. 
'{^] Viti, Act, lib. X. ch. xi. iiutk) j fee p. ^6o* (e) v. 31. (/) Vii, in th« 

ticripcure reckonirg of the Years of chat Captivity. See abov^ aod aluo the Table aa- 
fiexed. (g) Mm Ft9l. Can. aod m tbc Table anouced* 

contain exaBfyfour hundred^ and ninety Tears. 69 

«f Zedekiah mufl refpedively anfwer to the fapie years of Nebuchad- 
nezzar in both. And dierefbre the ^b rf Jehoiakim of the Scriptures 
is undeniably the ^h of Jehoiakim of Jofe^hus; and the nth af Ze- 
dekiah of the Scriptures is the i ith of Zedekiah in Jofefhus, As is 
6rdier evident from the agreed numbers of both in their years of the 
le^is of thofe Kings. 

For did Jekoiakim reign ii years according to the holy Scriptures 
{a)} -.— fo hedidaccordmg to Jofefhus (b). Dki Jeconi^h reign 3 
months, and lodaysaccor^ngtothe former (t) ? — ^He did fo like- 
wife according to the latter {d). Was he ibon after carried captive to 
Batyim together with the royal family, and upwards of 10000 Cap^ 
rives according to Jofiphus^e) ?--So alfo according to the holy Scrip- 
tures (f) ? Finally according to them did Zedekiah after him reign 1 1 
years {$) ? — So he did alfoaccording 10 Jofefhus (h). And in the nth of 
bis reiffs according to both the CHv vjos taken, and the Temfk bums (s). 

And this fay die Scriptures (i) was in the 19th of Nebuchadnez^ 
zar, and in Mr. L*$ corredion of Jofifhus (/) here, it was in his 
19th aUb^ as indeed it muft have been in his account thereof, as 
it will appear prefently from a following number of Jofefhui^ of 
that King's reign. 

But by all our preceding Accounts firom the holy Scriptures, 
9nd fiom Berofusy and Jofefhus alfo it is evidently the \^th of Ne- 
buchadnezzar the iba For he having reigned 43 years according 
to Ftokmfs Canon? and according to Berofus in Jofefhus after his 
father's death, and 45 years in the Scripture reckoning as his father 
took faim into partnerfliip of Government with him (as above) two 
years before his death, and his father dying in the 3 7th (w) ofje^ 
toniak^s Captivity, after whofe death, and not before according to 
Jofefhus (moft expreflly as above) Jeconiah was releafed, it undeni- 
jibly follows that all the years of Jeconiahh Captivity mufl fall in 

F 3 with 

' (4) X Kings zziii. ^6i & Chroo. xxzri. j*. i}) Aot. lib. x. c. 6. p. 44j« 

(c) iChron.xxxvi. 9. {£) In loc^fup. cic. (e) ib. (/) 2 Kings xxiv. i^— 16, 
(>) V. 18. 2 Chron. xxacvi. 11. Jer.lii. x, Sec. {)>) Ant. lib. x. c. 8. p. 449* 

(1) ib. (*) 2 Kings XXV. 8. Jer.lii. ix. (/) 'Tis the iSth in ^pffphms; but 

Mr. £>• bath of courfe here correAed him for us as to his number* by ma&ing it to have 
been the 19th of Neb, whcrdn the Temple and City were burnt j [p. 33 of Mr. L.l 
ibpugh moft erroneoufly of the father, as we are now (hewing. (w) A^s the laA ol 
NekmchadnexKor was correfponding with the 37th of JeccntMb's Captivity, (for which 
fee the Tabl« annexed) as well as die firft of'Evilmerodach was coincident wi:h the faid 
37th of Jeconifihi It may be of ufe to the Reader if we here ihewhow that matter fhmds. 
And as Dr. Prideamx hath (hewn it to our hand> I do therefore beg leave to tranfcribe 
bis words here, which are as follows, In the yth Tesr of the reign •f Nebuch. in the 3ah* 
^ccemat [which was the 9th in the Jewijh'] in the beginning of the Jewifl^ ye^t that is /» 
the month of April according to onr year» Jehoiachin v>as carried captive to Babylon. 
t^nd therefore the fir f year ^ his Captivity beginning in the month of April A» the yth Tear 
•/ Nebuchadnezzar [vix. in the 3ab. Account, and 9th in the other Account] the 37/A 
if it mnJf begin i|s the fame month of April in the 4.^dyeafoJ Nebuchadnezzar, [vix. in 
ihe'BaA Account, and in the 45'th in the Jewijh] towards the end whereof that greai 
king dyingi with the beginning of the neict year began the frfi year of the reifn of EvW 
merodach, ^nd the March following^ that is on the 27th day of the izth, or iajf month of 
the Jew'Uh year [iJHings XXV' 17, Jer.lii. 31.] Jehoiachin wai by the great favomt 
tf th€ new King releafed from his Captivity about ^ j/nemtb befvrt kt bad fnUy cempUsttd 
VI Jff^rs in it. [Frid. Con.|ii^ P* ^07.^ 

70 That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecj 

with the ^7 laft years of Nehtchadfezzar the ion. And {o 
reign of the (aid Nebuchiditezzar neceflarily takes in all Hiftorical 
Events both of the Scripture) and of Jofiphusy as are related 
under the name of Nebuihofdnezzar in both. And Confequently 
the firft of his eight years in the Scripture-Account) preceding 
thofe 37 years> in the account thereof already giv'n hoai Ber^fis, 
could noc be otherwife than correfponding alfo with the fiurtb if 
Jehoiakim of Jofephusy no leis than it is wiSi the fourth thereof ac^ 
cording to the Scriptures. 

Mr. L. therefore hath highly wrongM Jofiplmt in bringing him 
into his 2o years rife of his ^h of Jehoiakim mounted up to an e** 
quality with the firfl cf Nebuch^nezzar the fatherj in downr^ht 
contradidion to Jofefhus his exprels teftimony here of the' reloife 
of y?comab upon the death of NelmchadKezzar» and not before^ 
no leis than in utter irreconcileableneis either with the holy Scriptures^ 
or with Berofis. — We have 

ThirM/3 another exprefi Charader or Date of time in Jofifbus to 
the proving his agreement with the holy ScriptureS) and againft 
Mr. Vs 20 years rgis'd nth of Zedekiah as it is by him made to be 
correfponding with the i^th of Nebuchadnezzar the father by Jo-* 
Jiphuf^s teftimony for it : And that is the tvjetttj tlmijuar of Nebu- 
chadnezzar. And of this Jofephus hath toU us moft expreilly (4^9 
that it was th? FIFTH Tear afier the DffiruBum rf Jeruudem. 

Of necefliry therefore in Jofephuis Account JerufiJem muft have 
been deftroyed in the i^th of Nebuchadnezzar the fon> the fifth 
year from the Year incluQve of which deftru£Hon was his tv>entj 
third. For this twenty third could not poffibly be fo of the fa- 
ther> as for other undeniable proofs already giv^n^ fo alfo becauie 
he rei^n'd but 21 years according to Ptokm/s Canon« and even in 
Mr. Vs note upon it {h) at the moft but 21 years> and a half. 

This 23d Year of Nebuchadnezzar in jfofephus therefore could 
ilQt poflibly have been any other than the Scripture twenty third of 
Nebuchadnezzar the foU) in which his General Nebuzaradan c^pr^ 
ficd away captive ofth? Jews 745 perfens (r). 

And therefore tha: is moft lurprizing# as well as contrary to al|. 
trtith, which we meet with in Mr. Vs book (d) of this beii^ the 
^'^dcf Nebuchadnezzar the father. Efpecially as the aflertion .is 
backt wfth the teftimony oi Scripture^ as Mr. L. hath there fa- 
thered this his great miftake upon the Writer of the L»IU Chapter 
ff Jeremiah) in this very palBige of it. But fuch an abfurdity 
Us this of making a man reign 2 years confeftedly after his 
(leath^ no Human writer could eafily have been guilty of. Mr. !.• 
therefore ftiould by no means have fuppos'd it of an infpir^d Wri- 
ter : Efpecially in :his cafe where the fad proves the contrary of 
|be f4ppqs'd foundation of it. for Nphnchadn^zzaar the father died 

(m) 3V. Am. fiK X. a, MX. p. 4/4. (h) fc tf, of Mr.Zt MJ^* Ift )4 
^40 p. 37. of Mr. Z,^ ' • ' ^ ^ T ! ^ * * ■ "^ • ^ ^^ 

tmt^in exa&fyfour hmiredy and ninety Tears, f i 

ia the year of the y. P. 4109 (a) accorxliDg to Mr. L. himfclf. 
^nd it was impoilible but thar by immediate difpatches and exprcA 
|es £x)m Babjm the ion now upon his Expedition muft have forth* 
with heard oip ir> and thereupon have made ali the hafte he could 
iiome. And that he did fo, we have the exprefs teftimony of Be- 
rofis for it {b). Whereas Mr. L. in evident contradidion thereun- 
to brings him not home 'till two years after {c). And therefore 
ibriboth the Writer of the lAl^ Chapter of Jeremiah called that 
year the 23^ of Nebuchadnezzar the father; Which as I have (hewn 
pccafionally by all the Accounts of Jeremiah could not poflSbly be 
any other than the 3|jd of the fon. Upon all accounts therefore 
'tis unpardonable in mr. ,L. to have thus perverted Scripture no 
leis than Jofiphus for ttie iake of his Hypothefis. I add alk) efpeci- 
ally as Jofeptus is direifely againft Mr JL. in this teftimony. 

For Jofephus badl here told us expreffly that in his ^^d Nebu-^ 
chadnezzar in his ovmperfin led his army into Coelefyria^ ^c. (d). 
But unleis NebuchadaezzoT the Father led his Army now two years 
after he was confeflcdly dead* the 2 3d year here mention'd could ne- 
ver have been his. Mr. JL. muft fetch him out of his grave to prove 
tiiis. Therefore this 23d year of Nebuchadnezzar {ix)ken of by J%- 
fifhi/t muft neceilarily remain to Nebuchadnezzar the fon {e). 

And fo to leave this great Abfurdity, this having been his 23^* 
and the fifth year alfo from the Year inclufiveof the burning of the 
.Temple and the Deftru<ftion of the Qty, the faid fifth year prece- 
dii^ this 23</ ^ Nebuchadnezzar the fin muft have been his 19th 
aUo> according to Jofefhus, no leis than it is fo acccH'ding to the 

And though we do not find that year of Nebuchadnezzar, but the 
i8th in our prefent Jofephus equal to the nth of Zedekiah:, when 
according both to the holy Scriptures, and Jofephus the faid Cala- 
mity befell Jerufakmy yet *tis plain by this account it muft have 
been the 19th, for if Jofephuis 23^/ of Nebuchadnezzar was thefifthy 
as by his teftimony it was after the deftrudion of Jerufalem, then 
the firft inclufive of thofe five years from whence the 23d was the 
G£th muft have been the 19th. 

And as I before noted, Mr. L. hath abandon'd Jofephus as to his 
iSth, as he hath placed the burning of the Temple truly in the 19/A 
of Nebuchadnezzar. But as he hath made it the i^th of the father, 
be hath groundleflly drawn in Jofephus into fuch an errand miftake, 
which is utterly inconfiftent with all his Accounts now giv'n j and 
which it is therefore not qredible that he could have run into it. 

F 4 But 

(«) Or in the year before ^. D. ^of . (b) In Jof. Ant, lib. x. c. xi. p. 4/5. and 
€OD.jfp. lib. I, (0 p. 35-. of Mr. Z,. (d) Ant. lib. X. c.ix. p. 4/4* . (<?) I 

«dd here occafionally that the Scripture atdof Neb, and Jofephms*s 23d of him being the 
hme» the firft of Neb, from whence this is the 23d muft alfo be the lame in J»fe- 
phns, as in the Scriptures, w«. the firft of Nebmchadnexxar the fon equal to the 4th of 
yehotakim, when the faid Nebmka4»ez*ar linoce PkatMb Nicb» according to Jojefhm^ 
«s w«U u die bo^y ScripoireSf 

7Z That the Seventy Weeks of this Prophecy 

But in cafe that Jofephus had tneanCj as Mr. I«. dothj and as be hath' 
concluded him to do alio, viz. that Jerufakm was deftroyed in the 
fathei^s life>time^ Mr. I«. ought then to have kept to Jofephuis i%tb 
^f Nebuchadnezzar: becaute if that were the truth, jofefhus was 
certainly in the right in placing it in the i8th> and not in the \^tb 
tf Nebuchadnezzar. For firom the iM of Nebuchadnezzar the 
fath?T to the taking of B^ylon by Cyrus, there are but 70 years ez« 
adly according to Ftokmfs Canon {a). But as ;to that Jopfhuft 
other certain Dates of time here noted ihew his contrary meaning. 
And therefore in this^ and fbme other of his lefTer numbers, he 
bath been corrupted : or otherwife he was leis accurate in his copy* 
ing of them from the Scriptures. 

But ftillhere vve have Mr. L's authority for the \^th of Nebuchad- 
nezzar being the Year of that King of Babjlm fo caUedj equal to 
the iith cf Zedekiah when the Temple was burnt. And not for 
this reafon only as Mr Lt. hath here correded the number,^ (tho* 
be hath miiapplied the King) bqt aUb becaufe JofephqsV j!j^ii| year 
from hence was the 2 3 (/ 0f Nebuchadnezzarj it remain^ that his 
Year of the Deftrudlion of Jerufakm truly was the n^temih. And 
for the fure reafons before giv'n, it was the \^tb not of the^/Afir, 
but of the fon. 

And thi4s> Finally^ according to Jofephus, as well as according to 
the holy Scriptures the Dejlrudim of the City, and Temfk of ]tx}^ 
falem was in the iith of Zedekiah coincident with the i^th rfNc-- 
l>uchadnez2,ar the Son, in the Je<wi(b reckoning thereof {h)^ which 
was the 17th in the Babybnifh (c). 

But from all thefe refpedive accounts^ as it may be feen in the 
Table annexed, there are no more than fifty years downwards to 
the taking of B^hyim by Cyrus, where Mr. L. nath ended the Je*wifb 
Captivity, in his miftaken rfr/? of Cyrus. And to come down two 
years lower according to the truth, viz,, to the firft of Cyrus of the 
Scriptures, and Jofephuisfrft of Cyrus from the Phtmician Annatsj 
which was not 'till after Darius's two years reign, when he died, 
there are ftill but 52 Years only from the burning of the Temple 
by NehchaJnezzar the fon, in nis i^thy and in the nth of ZedeU* 
ah ; when, and not before the Defolations of Jerufalem were accom* 
pliflied : Or in the words of Jofephus (</), tuhen Jerufalem, and the 
Te??^k lay defolate- But not pofEbly could they lye fo 70 years in 
any confiftengy with '^ofephns, as Mr. L. hath toifappHed tnefe 70 
years tq them^ whi^h by all Jofephus"^ reckonings it appears that he 
could mean only of Judaa firft mention'd there, (as it may be feen 
more particularly above under Mj. Vs firft Quotation from him j) 
As the whole time of the Calamities, and Defolations of thatCoun** 
try from (hw (5rft beginning of them in ^he j|%»r/A of Jehqiakim in 

(«) Seetbe Ta^kaanezcil. (§) viz, of bts rdgnin^ » yeira in conjbnAion whh kif 
iatfaer before his death. (c) Where che yevs of bis roga tfe xeci;oa'4 ^ur JM £uher'A 
deadk (d) Axxt. Ub. x* c* 9. p. 4/4* 

cantmnexoBly fourhundredy and ninety Tears, ji 

fU the feveral paflages, and occurrences rdated by Jofefbm down* 
waids to the firfi rf Cvrus do evidendy contain a Hiilory of vo 
more than 70 Years : As I think I have proved beyond all contia* 
didion from Jojepbuih grand Cbaraders of time, or certain datet 
of years of die reigns of Kings in thoie times both Jevafb and As- 

And therefore unlefi we will wilfully m]^e> and confound ^^ 
fhus her^ we muft thus interpret this lefs accurate exprdfion df his 
{a)» if it really were his: And wemuftneceflarily underftandbyicno 
more than this> viz. Wat whereas there ivas a 70 Tears VaJJalage ef 
the Tews to the Khtgef Baby Ion j bepm (according to himfelf, ia 
conuftency with himfelfj; m the fomrth ef Jehoiak^n, this was tbf 
actual begimuftg of thofe Defilatiom of Judsra, winch as yet vnly m 
fart befel her, am/which 18 jears after^ viz. m the 11th rf Z^eki- 
ah were WHOLLT comfkated m the deftrtiffkm rf her MetrofoSs, 
and with the burmt^ rf the Houfi rf God its it : Both which^ viz, Je- 
ru(alem and the TEMPLE thus and then defiroyed^ did fo remain^ or 
he de folate to the end rf thefe LXX Tears rf the Defilations rf Judaea 
iegun as above, viz. in the ^h 0^ Jehoiakimt at 1% years J^ance he^ 
fire the htming rf the 7h!^k, and City in the 1 ith rf Zedekiah, 
and the LANffs then, and not before, coming to be WHOLLT defn 
late; and fo remaining 'till the/rjr rf Cyrus. 

Thus truly and exadly are thefe things determined by the ho^ 
ly Scriptures, and by the Accounts agreeably thereunto giv n fay 
Berofus, and Jofephus in their feveral preceding teftimonies. 

Ac length therefore to come home to the point, which hath oc- 
cafion'd our having recourfe to thefe teftimonies. Since it is thus 
fully evident from all of them, that the 70 Years Qiptivity of the 
Jews \x%2sx in the ^h rf Jehoiakim, equal (not poflibly to Mr. V% 
firft rf Nebuchadnezzar the father, which is at 90 years diflance 
from the firft of Cyruis 9 years reign afcer his taking of Babylon, 
but neceflarily equal) to iA\e firft rf Nebuchadnezzar the fin, at 70 
years diftance from the firft rf Cyrus's 7 years reign according to 
the holy Scriptures, and Xenophon (b) after the death of Darius, 
when ended the Captivity of the Jews in their releafe, and return 
by virtue of Cyru^s Decree; And Since Confequently the (c) earii- 
eft date of the Lands lying WHOLLT defolate was not, could not 
poffibly be fooner than the Year of the burning of the Temple, 
and of Jerufalem^s utter deftrudion 18 years afcer in the nth rf 
Zedekiah equal (not poffibly to Mr, Vs i^th of Nebuchadnezzar 
the father, at 70 years diftance, as he hath excravagandy made it 
from YA:^ firft rf CyrusV 9 years reign after his taking of Babybn^ 
but necef&rily equal) to the 19/^^ Nebudhadnezzar thefon, which 
was only at 5 a years diftance from the firft rf CyrusV 7 years reign 


(4) yix.^ the Paflage which Mr. L. hath taken hold of under his firft (isolation from 
^efe wofd> of Jofephtw^—jUDc^Eji, Jerufaienti and the Temple lay dffolatejo years, 
/l>)A8fbimerlyIhewn. (0 Forftriaiy fpeiking, the Land was not WHOLLY defo- 
w»9 'oU 4 yevtafw, when wai that tarrying away by NekuK^radsn, Jtr, Ui. 30. . 

74 That the Seventy Weeks ^/i&/x Trophecf 

according to the Scripcure$> and Xenopbm^ It hence undeniably Mr^ 
lows upon the fure authority of all thefe concurring teitimonies* 
Aat the Caftivity of Judah did adually commence i8 years before 
the time came when with any truth the Land could be £ud to 
tbav lain IFHOLLT DefiUte, or to have refted from tillage^ and 
herein to have enjayed her Sabbaths. 

For in hOi the Jev)t ftill remaining in dieir country fiom the 
fnrrth of Jehoiakim (when commenced their 70 years va{&lage to 
the King of Bahyhmy their Kin^ then becoming tributary> and their 
Nobles (the ions of the royal family {a) not excepted^ and people 
captivated at pleafure from time to time afterwards j 'tiU the nth 9f 
Zedekiahj when was their final fubverik>n in thofe times, here was 
thus 18 years necef&rily continued tillage of the Land after the adu* 
il commencement of the Je<ws Va(&lage» or Captivitv. Therefore 
no more pofHbly than two and fifty years remainea for the Land 
to have lam WHOLLT defolate therem yWadfita have keft Sat" 

AND therefore Mr. i* is abfidutdy miftaken in what he hath 
aflerted of the Lanis havipg lam WHOLLY defolate iurhig the 70 
jeart cf the Caftivity 'y and therein enjoying 70 Sahhaths; as being 70 
Sabbatical years of 70 Weeks (receding the C^tivity groundlefpy fup* 
pos'd to have been negkiied to the occaSomng 70 years Defolations ef 
the land, eqiul to the fiud Capti^dty. And therefore 

Finally > Mr. Vs Hypothecs in this part of it of a period of LXX 
Weeks nmcied to confiil of 570 Years by the groundleis addition 
ef the 70 years of the Captivity from his miiiaken END, OCCA- 
SION, and NATURE of thofe 70 years, as if the LAND had 
WHOLLY lain DESOLATE aU that time, whereas as we have 
feen in bj& it did not, droppeth of courfe; as being void of all 
foundation in evident failure of the fuppos'd fad. 

Nor otherwife hath it aoy> however by Mr. l's telling (b) it 
llioidd have, even in the nature of Weeks cmfdeid acconkng to the 
Law, as attended by their labbatical Tears, and Tears if Jubilee. For 
by the Law Mr. L. would juflifie his fuppofed numbers of Years in 
ieventy Weeks, as by his telling us they make according to that in 
refpe£t of Jubilees 500 years; and in refped of fabbatical Years, 
570. But as to the latter, that according to the Law is wholly 
impoflible ; and as to the former, that is abfolutely uncertain. For 

firfi, as to the nature of feventy Weeks among the Jews, con- 
fider'd with their Years of Jubilee, the included number of Years 
in fuch a giv'n periods and in fuch relation is mofl uncertain. For 
it hath ever been, and ftill is a diiputed point (c), whether the fif-^ 


(a) Dan.'u 3. (*) p. 60, 66» €71 ^9. (c) See the learned Dr. Tnd. p. xiv. of 
his Preface to Con. Hift. Mfhere he molt juftly explodes the ReckoniDgs by Years of 
Jmkilett and Sshhatical Yearsi as mofl uncertain, and therefore moft uleleis. And in 
nuth however Mr. L. hath magnified tbefe Computations [p. )i, 72.] and hath at plea- 
lure accounted fome Years mention'd in Scripture as havins fuch relation* which perhapt 
bad none, [as particularly [p. 31*] in bit malung ^ mlfia^n 40th of fedtkisb a SaD« 


contain exaSilyfouT bundredy and ninety Tears . 7 $ 

Hetb Yearj or the farfj ninth was the Year of Juhke belonging to 
feren SMatkal wtefcs. And therefore we cannot be certain of the 
Years of this firft period confidei^d with its JnHkm, becaule we 
know not if 70 Weeks according to the Law in this refpeA make 
500 years> as thev (houid 6o» xt ftriBly (a) Everj fiftieth Tear was 
the I ear of ynUie, or only 490 Years, as they do in cafe that the 
49th was it (H And there are who have declared for the latter^ 
even againft the teftimony of MmmMtJes. Thus this firft Period 
of Mr. L. of 500 Tears in Seventy Weeksj in reiped of their fup- 
pofed JuMee is inoft uncertain. But 

SeemMp As to the other periodj whioh is the main foundation of 
Mr. Vs Hypothefisj and which With the 70 years of the Cavity 
etM;rafted upon it becomes a jperiod of 57oyears> and yet is faki 
ftiu to be remaining a Period of 70 Weeks^ the fuppos'd Subfift-^ 
ence of that according to the Law is abfolutely impoflUbie : as be- 
ing in no wife juftifiable by, nor reconcileable with the Law in the 
original Inftitution of fabbatical Weeks. For by it {c) a Sahtatical 
week necei&rily coniifts of 7 years, and no more> as the 7th year 
is Sabbatical. And 490 Years proportionably give 70 weeks> as 7 times 
70 isfurely contained in the number 490. mit in Mr. X's period be- 
fore us of 5 70 Years faki to be equal only to 70 weeks^ there is found 
7 times 814 that is 81 weeks* oefides the remaining three Years. 
Therefore Mr. £'s perkxl of 570 Years confider'd in the kgal relation 
of Sahtatical weeks of Years is neceflarily equal not to 70 weeks* as 
it is miftakenly affirm'd^ but to 8 1 Weeks befides the remaining 
Years. But we have not to do in the Prophecy with any fuch pe- 
riod of Weeks ; and confequcndy with no luch Period of Years. 

Nor doth that avail Mr. L- for him to have faid here (if) by 
way oi proof that there were no more than 70 weeks in 5 79 
years^ viz. As the 70 Teats of the Caftivity by him added were only 


Intical Tear, from Jer. xxxiv. 8» 9, 10, wherein what ii faid infers neither f SMatUsl 
^ear>nor a jubilee neither) becaufe the Riteaft 9fSvrvsntt there fpoken of might inter only 
their legal Releafe [Exod. xxi. 2.] As every Hehnpf (ervanc was to be releafed in the 
7th year of his Servitude.} Yet after all, for any (ervice that they have done him, or any 
credit that he hath giv*n them in his fiibfequent HypothefiS} All manner of notice of 
them might have b^ omitted* (a) Levit»xxv, lOi 11^ But in this cafe (as lalch 

Dr. Prid, ib.) if the Year after the fevenm faibatical Year were the year oi Jmbi/ee, ctien 
it becomes a Queftion, whether that) or the next year after it was the nrft ot the next She* 
mittsb, or week of yean. If the JnbiUe Year were the &rft year of that Wtek^ thea 
there would have been but 5 years for the Jews to (bw, and reap in between the JnbUee 
(which was alio a Sahhsficslxeix) and the next S^AbmticalYtax after ; whereas the Scrip- 
ture i^Levit, XXV. 3.] iaith they were to havefix. And if the firft Year of the next 
Sbemittaht or week of years were the next year after the JmbiUe, then the Shemittahs 
would not always fucceed in an exiGt Series inmiediately one after the other, but after 
the feventh Shemittah, the YfU of JmkiUe would intervene between chat and the next, 
which difagreeth with the Opinion o^ Many, &c. See mne p. xv. ib. {b) See Cn^ 
pmus (de Republica Hebrdtrmm Cap. 6.) whole following words being much to our pur- 
pofe, I therefore tranfoibe, viz. Whether jufilj the foth Tear, or the ^^th was the Tear 
tf Jubilee, 'tis made a S^BSTION. We join with tlofe WCOMP^R^'BLE MENf 
0/ ««r time that hold the ^^th : Nor em we affent mnto Maimonides in this, thomgk for th^ 

fmfi P^fti ve rfiigiomjfy emhrace^ hit Jsidgmeut, Whereupon Cmnaus gives his rea- 

Ibns for differing ttom him s which we need BOt here infert,- but the Reader may con* 
Ml at ^iaSiixt^ {e) Lfvit^ xx?« |s 4. {d) p, ^7. of Mr. L. 

7« That the Seventy Weeks of this Trophecy 

the fMatkd Tears of 70 frecedmg Jfeeks, ivhicb the lamdflmld have 
ktJin thenh but bj the ]cvfs lYanfffreJJum ef duty hadn^, md that 
tbereftre tbefe years da mt increafe the number ef Pf^eeks, as Weekp{a)*y 

Ttrjt, tbe Jetvs are out of thecontfoverfy in this particidar: be- 
caufe their Obfervance of Sabbaticai Years, or their negle& ot them 
B equally exdufive of the nature of Sabbatical Weeks. For any 
^o Period of Wceb of Years is incapable of alteration either in 
ibeir nacure^^ or number on that account. For what if the Jevjs 
lad never kept any Sabbatical Years .^—— Still God's legal Inftituti* 
en of them remained the &me. Every Sabbatical Year notwith- 
fiandKog went on in courfe t^ God hknfelf regularly appointed for 
k^ Cm&quently any number giv'n of Sabbatical Ytairs ever gives 
the fitme certain number of Sabbatical Weeks. And io many 
known Sabbatical weeks ever contain its certain proportbnate number 
of Years. The number once afcertain'd in its plain 1^^ Inftitutioa 
ever nece(&rilv remains the £ime in both. And therefore the num* 
ber of weeks oefoie us precedii^ the Captivity being afirertained to 
die number 70, as that alwavs continues the number of weeks cer- 
tan as the real number of Weeks of that periods as a period of 
Weeks, fo in their lcf;al inftitution there being qo more than 49a 
years in the (aid period of weeks, confider'd as a period dP Years^j 
that number of years ever neceflarfly remains the (ame, as the cer* 
tain or only number of Years in that period of Weeks. 

Otberwtfe Any giv'n period of Weeks no longer remains it fclf. 
And fo that which before was certain, as being both in nature* and 
ncttnber of years fully afcertain'd, is otherwife necefTarily rendered 
naoft uncertain. And therefore Mr. X's Additional 70 Years of the 
Captivity to his 70 preceding^ to the making it a paiod of 570 
Years, and yet a period of yt^Wecks faid to be cxwfider'd accord- 
ing to the Law in this refped, or reladon of Sabbatical Years, is 
lb far from being legal, that it is truly moft illegal, and ther^re 
moft iRijufldfiable. I add to this 

Secondly, that k is aUb moft groundlefi : as I have kffgely fhewn 
from the failure in fad. For this hath been made to ^pear as a 
certain truth, that at the moft only 52 years of the Captivity coidd 
be fuch Jaibatical Years, as Mr. X. hath fuppos'd the whole 70 
thereof to have been* m the lands lying IVHOLLX dejolatey or un« 
cultivated all that t^!ne. 

So that at length this imaging period of 5 70 Years faid to be 
equal to 70 weeks cometh thus really, and truly to be no fuch 
period. As in the nature of Weeks there cannot be, fo in fed there 
was no fuch Period of Weeks before the Bab^lwifb {b)firfi of Cy- 
rus, as Mr. L. hath imagined, and there alio ended ^e £ud Period 


(4) p. ^7; of Mr. L^ {V) viz, the firft of his 9 Years reign giv'n hin| by Tfltmy 1 
As he hath giv'n the Scripcuffe cwo Yeari rejga of Darims to cbs^c S Cjrmi, wlv> Q^w^ 

amtttin exaBly four hundred^ and ninety Teaits. jf 

together with the 70 Tears De/olatms of the landy in another 
evident xnifbke aUo> as upon that occafion.I have formerlj 

And yet from this groundlefi^ and miftaken preceding peiiod 
Mr. L, would fain argue us into another fuch like jperiod after the 
^d firft rf Cyrus^ equal to the LXX Weeks predided in the PitH 
phecy of DsnieL But that which in fad was not* cannot be dia 
caufe of another like it. And 'ds no otherwife pretended to have 
been the caufe than as its adual pr&^xiftence alfo was fuppos^d: 
tho', as I have fhewioi in fad it was not. fiut However* as lam 
yet to ihc^^ 

FmaSyy Even were diere foundation for this imaginary prece- 
«Bng period* yet after all there is not* there cannot polTibly be zof 
manner of room for aiding fix)m thence as Mr. £. hath argued 
to a fubfequent period m she 70 TFeeks of the Prophecy of Dam^ 
W* in his twofold like periods of Years in thefe Weeks alfb* as in 
thofe his imagined preceding Seventy Weeks. For ttie very great 
unreafbnablenefs* and eroundlefsndls of the parallel here will bedo- 
monffaably apparent it it'be confider^d 

. tirfi^ with refped to the 70 Weeks of this Prophecy made 
equal by Mr. X. {a) to 500 Years* as 'tis pretended here by lea- 
fen qS 10 years added Sor years rf Jubilee, that even by Mr. L's own 
telling there is no manner of eround for this^ foraunuch as upoa 
the teftimony of Maimamdes ^) bv him here cited, sheri ^was ^ 
Jubilee wtder the ficimd Temple. Add alfb the teftimony of Cufug^ 
us {c). But Darners no Weeks are evidendy a Period of Weeks un- 
der the fecond Temple. And Confefledly now there was no Jubikt, 
And that is the pretended caufe of throwing in ten years here n»o 
the 70 Weeks of this Prophecy to the making them in refped of 
Years, a period of 500 Years. But fublata cai^a toUitur effeBus. 

Otherwife, If as Mr. L. hath explained Maimonides* the Jews 
i$d however account and hallow the fiftieth year by froclaming it m 
the year of Jubilee (J) throughout the land, but did NOT KEEP H 
by letting the land lye FALLOW^ as ac(ordhtg to their law they 
ought likewife to have done', yet in this cale flill it will be evident 
againfl Mr. i's additional reckoning of 10 jubilees, that the fame 
is here no le0 groundleis,- forafmucfa as th^t hallowed but nwr 
iept fiftieth year mufl neceflarily have been the firft of the 
fix years following, before the next Sabbatical Year returned. For 
the 49th being Sabbatical; the 7tfa year from tbence was now in 
courie the next Sabbatical Yc^lt, and therefore (not the 57rh, a» 
otherwife it muft have been in Mr. Vs Hypothefis, but^ the K6tix 


(a) p. ^o. of Mr. jL. (b) p. 70. ib. (c) Who [in bis book de repuWica He- 
krMvrtany cap. 6. initio.] tells usi cbac after a 70 Tests Captivity the JeWs returned f 
their antient HabitationSi and the Temple nas built anevi hnt NEVER were the JU- 
BIL££ Solemnities celebrated any more. (d) And yet whether the f oth, or the 4^th 
was the Year of Jnbilee was more than Maimonides could tell. For what could he 
)cnow certainly, who writ in the nth Century after Chrifi ? But even here He is 

78 Tlbaf tBeScvtray Weeks of this ^ropheef 

Year inuft have been it : becaufe the Sabbatical Year being fbO' 
ohTerv'd or kept^ the Land could be cultivated but (ix years toge* 
ther> and the 49th year being fabhaticah therefore the 50th foltow- 
ing^ or Mr. Vs numbered, or counted, but not legally kept Year 
€f Julnlee could not poflibly be ocbetwift than the firft Year of 
mother fabbatkal Week. And thus the f 6th year being the next 
fitbbatkal year after the A9th> it of courie follows that the pSth 
year was tne h&fabbatkal Year in the firft centenary of years oif 70 
Weeks of Years^ the ip^ith the laft in the fecond Centenary^ the 
294tb in the third Centenary, the 399th in the 4th Centenary, and 
in the remaining 91 years or 13 Sabbatical Weeks of Years* the 
h& or the 490th was £ibbatical. And yet all this time tho^jg^ ac** 
cording to M^amomdes Proclamation 'might be made by the Jew^ 
every pftieth Year, as according to him that was the Year of Jubu 
he; that is, it fliould have been fo> or kept as fuch, if the Jenus 
had now thought themieives unde^ equal obligation of keeping 
the year of JMlee after their return; as before » their Captivity ; 
yet ac the fame time it made no alteration in the fucceffive* or 
continued reckoning of the now only kept Sabbatkal Years, as it 
necefiarily muft have done, if the Year of Jubilee had been now le« 
gaily kept, and the fiftieth year alfo had been it. In which cafe eve« 
ty Sabbatical Year in the giv'n perkxi of 70 Weeks had been ftiU 
mftponM one year in every fifty to the giving Mr. L. his ten JuU-^ 
mes^y provided withal that the 50th Year according to Maimomdei 
was furely it; but as I before obferv'd that is denied by Others^ 
fttid is ftili a Pdnt of great Uncertainty. But here profededly the 
Year of Jubike being not kept, but only noted amoi^ the (everal 
rs of a gi/n period of Sabbatical Weeks confider'd in this their 
jat relation, thoTe feveral noted Years of Jubike in that giv'n pe« 
voi did no more increafe that giv'n period in the Years of it, 
than every noted Olympic year among the Greeks did antiendy in- 
creafe the years in any giv'n number of Olyn^ds, or the noted 
Bijextile at this time is capable of increafing any giv'n period of 
Years among us. And fo in this the truth of the matter it cometh 
to pafs that in a Pericxl of 70 Weeks of Years, even fabbatical 
Weeks of Years under the fecond Temple, when the Years of Ju^ 
take are faid to have been ftill noted in their order, tho' not kepc> 
there cannot pofTibly be more Years in them when confider'd as a 
period of Years, than 490 Years. 

And therefore that can be of no force here which Mr. L. hath 
farther told us in this matter, as this his period of 500 years, by 
iiis making it fo in his Hypothefis, is to be reckon'd from hk 
Year of Ezrds going up ro Jerufakm in his (a) jth ef Artax* 
erxes, the Year of bis aflign'd beginning of thefe weel^; from 


(a) I call It, Ws Jth tf ArtaxcrxM • For truly (b it is. Tia not PtoUmfs. For hit 
7th of jirtaxerxes is here rejeAed j becaufe it wciuid not (erve Mr. Vs Hypothefis. But 
K will be reftor'd hereafter in the btginning of the LXIX weelUi whco it will afluredJy 
appear who is in the right -, Pt9kfnj% or Mr. !»• 

ioMain fXaBlyfaur bundredj and ninety Tears. 79 

vrhich Year, by his tdling the OUervatkxi of SaUa$ical Years and 
Yens of JMke was moft exa&ly refecded by Ezra. For wfa« 
dx)' upon the teftfanony of Seder OUm Rabtah, we are told (4) 
that the Jews vxre as tmcb Mged to the keeping Years ef Jubilee^ 
attd Sstbbacicd years mthe d^s if Ezra, 4ts they had been m tbedaj^ 

Did this Author ktnw more of tfaefe matters than his Cocempo- 
rary M aimm i de s ? — -But by his exprefi tcftimony the Jevjt ac- 
knowledged no fuch Obligation hs tie days if Ezra as to Years <if 
JakUee, but ody as to SMatkal Years. They religioufly ob&rvV! 
the latter : but had no regard to the former any otherwife than at 
above> by making bare proclamation of them : or t^ notti^ cbem* 
as we do our BijfextUes. 

Therefore to have done with this matter^ if any credit be to be 
^ti to his tefljmony and aifo to the authority of Cmueusy as above^ 
diat there was na Jubilee 'under the feeondTempky then by thefe «ef- 
timonies there could be no fuch .period of Years> as that of Mr« 
£'s period of 500 Years equal to 70 Weeks under the Second 

And yet after aH^ the knagin'd 500 Years from fhefirfi ef Etxu 
or die going up of Bxr-a to Jerii£dem in she yth ef Artaxerze% 
where Mr. X. b^^ his Calculation of the 70 Wadksof the Prophe- 
cy to his aflign'd ending of them* fall fix years fliort of their num- 
ber* as he hath induftrioufly left Ptakm/sytb if Artaxerxes for the 
^e of his NEW HypothefiS) .Which in truth hath no more agree- 
ment with the letter of the Prophecy either in beginning, or endaag 
of thefe Weehs, as I fliall ihew hereafter^ than it hath now appeal 
to have with their true nature* or real number of years in them. — 
But I am yet to fpeak 

Secondly, to his other imagined period of Years in thefe Weeks> 
as in refpeft of fabbatical Years he would perfuade us that they mti 
equal to ^70 {b) Years. For of fuch a preceding period of Years 
in 70 Weeks endii^ in his firfi cf Cyrus we have formerly heard. 
And that is the foundation of the like fubfequent period ftcnn the 
laid firfi ef Cyrus to the 22</jf Tiberius, where Mr. L. ends it. 

But did the nature of Weeks in any giv'n period of Weeks ad- 
mit of any fiich extravagant number of Years in 70 Weeks, to 
their remaining ftill the feme giv'n number of Weeks, which as I 
have Ihewn in their legal infticution is impoffible, yet here waving 
that* and fuppofing even the fiuft in the preceding period, which 1 
fliev/d to be otherwife, and indeed without all foundation. Yet were 
thefe impediments removed, there is no room for running the pa- 
rallel, no manner of ground for arguing from that to this j becaufe 
Confefledly (c) the REASON doth not equally hold here* as there. 


(«) p. 70. of Mf.L. from Sfder OUm Rahhaht c. 30. p. 89. {b) p. 6^. of Mr. 

X. Hi* number of Year« there is 572 : but we do not trouble the Reader nor ourfelves*' 

with the odd years here. (c) ib. line ft r. N»f fvr the fame Reafon. But there waa 

VoitfSoa «reo in Uie focmer period* af libewed: iot there was 210 f ACT, 

so That the Seventy Weeks of this ^raphecj 

For the 70 Years there added were therefore profefledly added 06 
account of the Jevis imagin'd tho' miftaken negled of 70 fMaSkal 
Years before the Captivity. The 70 Years added here (a) sire 
thofe immediately following after the Captivity was ended^ or the 
70 Years from Mr. llsfirfi of Cyrus to his imagia'd pb of Artax* 
crxes; from whence follow his other 500 Years. 

Now if there were any reafon for the prefixing 70. Years in xh)i 
latter imagin'd period of 570 Years under the 2d Temple to the 
making the 70 Weeks of the Prophecy of Datuel equal to 570 
Years^ as formerly in fuch imagin'd period of Weeks as was prece* 
ding Mr. L'sfirft of Cyrus for the annexing thereunto the 70 Years 
of the Captivity^ the jews muft now after their return^ and efpeci* 
^y from the time of Eija's coming ttp to JerufiJem have negjieded 
iJie SMaticat Years of 70 Weeks> or of Mr. X's yoo year* from 
His yth of Artaxerxes. But the hSt hereof is not fo much as fup* 

Es'd here« as it was miftakenly fuppos'd there. And Mr. £. himfelf 
th taken away all ground of fucn Suppofition here from his now 
cited foregoing teftimonies : whereby ds aereed that the Obferva-^ 
tbn of fabbatical Years was certainly reviv'a by Ezra upon his co-> 
ming to Jerufakm. Therefore there being no iiich reafon here for 
the adding or 70 Years> as it was pretendod there* the Addition here 
is ftill more groundless. And a Period of Seventy Weeks under the 
fecond Temple confider'd even in this relation as attended with 
Sabhatical YcsLTS, neceflarily remains a Period onlv of 4;k> Years. 

"So that upon the whole Mr. X. is quite befide the mark in aU 
d)at he hath laid from the beginning to the end on this occafion> 
as in order to overthrow the objlraBed Nature of the Weeks of this 
Prophecy or of 490 years he hath fent us to the Law, and to 
the Sevent/ Tears fmiftaken) Defelatkms of Jeru&lem, and to JiJnlee 
Years, and fabbatical Years» as if the weeks of this Prophecy had 
any relation to them> whereas were there any reafon to conclude 
that they had any fuch relation> yet even that Relation fails him> 
as we have now feen in a giv'n period of Sabbatical Weeks under 
the (econd Temple. 

But even fuch Relation is only imaginary here* and hath not any 
the leaft foundation for it> other than chat of the word Weeks being 
us'd here {b). 

For wherefore fliould this predided period of God's deternuned 
time for Grand Events to fall out in them become z fabbatical ^nod 
of Weeks ^ 

Had anv of their predidled Events to do mdi fabbatical Yezxsf-^ 
They hacl not. Nor hath Mr. £., nor no man elfe faid it that I 
know of. Where then is the Sabbatical Relation } There muft be 
fome fuch relation firft prov'd> to prove the Sabbatical nature of 
the Weeks, or Years of this Prophecy. And 'till this be done, 
Mr. L. muft give us leave to look upon the word WEEKS here 



(4) ^ 65. of Mr, I>. {h) DsB. iz. A4. Serency W£££S are deternund* 

contain exaSffyfiur hundred , and ninety Tears, 8 1 

to denote nothing elfe but an Eajlem way of expreffing fo many 
Septmaries^ and thofe as I have formerly prov'd (a), of Tears in thig 

And therefore to apply the words of the learned Dr. Trideaux 
iff) bere> who hath ipoKen incomparably well on this occafion^ as 
having fliewn the very great uncertainty of fixing the nature, and 
certain fucceffion of Years of Juhileey and of Saifhatical Years^ He 
moft thilyi tod properly adds in the following words, that they aH 
^tofi out of the nvay m' tUi matter^ luho nxxmld confine DanielV Frophe^ 
€j of the Seventy Weeks to fi many Shemittah's, as if thefe Seventy 
Weeks f^U in exaBlyvHthJh^entyShitmVilAA, thatisy that the firft *week 
began with thefirfi Tear jf a Shcmittah {c)y or Sabbatical Week, and 
ended nuith a Sabbatical Tear, 'which was the latt of a Shemittah* 
and fi all the reft down to the laft of the whole number. j€nd to 
this endfome have PERPLEXED themfehes in VAIN to find out 
Sabbatical Tears to fuit their Hypothefis^s, and fix them to TIMES, to 
which they 'did NEVER be&ng-^ whereas the Prophecy means no. 
more than by the Seventy Weeks to exfrefs SEVEN! T TIMES SE^ 
VEN TEARSy that is 490 in the WHOLEy without ANT RE* 
JLAnON had either to Shemittahs> or Sabbatical Tears. 

And this great Chronologer and Hiftorian having thus giv'n us 
the truth of this matten \ need not to fay any more to the &rther 
proving that thefe Weeks are, purely of an abfirailed nature. For 
therein they necefl&rily do, and muft remain for any thing that Mr. 
£. hath advanced for their different nature in his New Hypothefis 
of thefe Weeks. Of which Hypothefis even all the ground-works?* 
or foundations, as we have feen>*aie abfolutely miflaken, and utter- 
ly inconfiflent not only with his other pretended teftimonies* but 
alfb with the holy Scriptures. • 

And thus much may fufHce ro have been faid of the nature of 
thefe 70 Weaks, or to the ihewing that they contain in refpedl of 
Years 7 times 70 Years, and as a period of yeats they are a Period 
abfblutely of 490 Years* 

I am yet to fpeak a fe* words to Mr. £'s Divifioil of thefe 
Weeks, before I put an end to this Chapter. 

I formerly obferv'd {d) that Mn i's deduced Divifion of them 
is truly made up of nothing but Inconfiftency, and Miftake. I need 
therefore to do no more here than to make gOod that charge. 

Ehrji, as to the ftiConfiftency, that is evident firom Mr. l's two- 
fold different fenfe of EzekielV (e) bearing the funijhment of 
the inijuity rf the Houfe of Ifraeli and of the Houfe of Judah. 

G For 

(ii) See aWe,^. 10, and 8 1. f ^) Pref. ro Con* HJft p. xv. (c) And this Is th* 

yery thing that Mr. L. moft grbiindleflly hath done here> as p»p- 7*. of ^is book'] be hath 
made the year of ^zr^'s return, thefirft Yearof afecond z^raoi Wcekt amorgthe^'w/, 
in hismiftaken 7th of Artaxerxes differing no lefs than fix years ttom the true 7th there* 

ti That the Seventy Weeks trf" this Trujphecf 

For in one place (a) we are coId« and that very truly* that by tfiat 
Prophet's bearimg the Pumjbmefa, Sec. is meant God'sfirhearmiu, See. 
But afterwards {b) for the fake of deducing the Divifion <^ tbeib 
Weeks from thefe Years of E^kkly we arb told that this harmg of 
Ezekiel is a reprefentative bearing of thu 300 Years Puniflunent 
fnot which as in the odier jdace God faad)^Mr»> but] vJnch Ilnel 
Jbould hear far their bavii^fiegkBed the fM^akalTesrscf '^^ ffrecetbtg. 
jfearsy and in like manner of the 40* Years puniflimenr [not which as 
intheother {c\ i^act God vmjctforheariMg(d) but] iMcb theHouJi 
ef]\jM\flHmld bear fir their havmg negkBed the iabbatical tears fo- 
h^ag to 40 Tears. And this may fuffice as to the Inconfiflency. 

Secondly* As to the mifbke* that is alilb evident from the &Uit]p 
of Calculation here as in IfraelV 3901^ Tears Inifitity they are {aid by 
Mr. L. to have negleded 62 JahbatkalYeaxs. Whereas if they had 
mg^e&ed to keep JahbatkalYeg[s that whole time, v^. 390 yearsy 
my could have negleded but 55 fabbatkal Years during that time : 
ibnumuch as in the number 390 there are found but 7 times 55* and 
5 years over. And as to the Gdculation in the Houie of Judahp 
diere is aUb a miftake> as in their 40 Tears they are iaid to have n^« 
ledled 6 fabbatkal Years. But viewing this n^e£t only in this mnn- 
ber> thc7 could have negleded only 5 fabbatkal yean completely io' 
diat time> as only f times 7 is to be found in^o; and 5, over. 

But in another view of^ the Hou£e.of*jfiMLt^s having negleded 
fabbatkal Yexus, it is evident from Mr.JL. hunfelf that they muft ne«* 
ceflarily have negleded a great many more fabbatkal YearSj and 
thofe alfb feparate from the Houfe ef Ifrael (for that is what Mr. £. 
here (e) alio infifts upon) forafmudm between the carrying away of 
the one Houfe and the other, ther* is an interval of 130 Years in 
Mr. j!s chronok^y hereof. And xm that we may 00 in the cafe be- 
fore us, tho' he hath miftaken the true vear of SMitamfef^s carrying 
away the 10 Tribes> as he hath made f/) diat fad to have hapned tn^ 
A.P.J^397(S (gj which in the trath thereof fell out in A.P.J. 399 j {h}; 
but to flick to that at prefent, and to go alfb to his mifbk^n i itk 
ef Zedekiah, in A. P.J. aaq6 (i)'28 we are at prefent concem'd im^ 
mediately with Mr. Z.'s Calculation^ the Interval for JuJah's having^ 
fc^mxe\ytK^eQ^ fabbatkal Yezxs after tfaaePs carrying away, is as 
I iaid bdbre 130 Years. 

Now dki the Houfe if Judah nq;le<ft all, or only, fome of xhefab^ 
hatkal Years of that period, becaufe Mr. £. tells us of fix only for 

the 40 years of Ezekkl ? Why truly, this ootwithfbndinfi> they 

mufl have negleded alt tiiefabbatiMlyeArsof that Interval by Mr. V» 
own telling eUewhere (;). For he hath there exprefify faid that the 


U)v* 30 of Mr. £/sbook. ' W p*i)3> €^f.of Mr. L.*% book.'- (0 p. 30^ 

^s\ That God did ye( forbear chdr utter EztirpatioDy is evident from thor pof&bility or 
itili abiding in the Land even after the u ch of Ztdekisht [Jer. xUi. i — izj> But4yeart 
after chcDefolationsof the WHOLE Land being ftri£Uy pompleated, no more of Its former 
]6ibabi(ants beine then left theiein, God's forbearance was th'en utterly at an end. 
{e) p. 1 34 of bis book. ( /) p. 14^ of Mr^ £. {jg) Or in the year before U.D. 
738. [b) Or in the year before, A. D. 721. See Dr. Priit CoOtHift' P« >*^ 

ffy Of m (h»xev ^(f>. ^ p. 6g»,. (Jt) p. 69 of MxiU 

Contain exafffy four hundred^ and ninety Tears. 8 j 

Zamdhadno more Sabbaths m ^jo years preceding hisfirft of Cyrus 
where he ends the d^tmtj tf Judab^ even for xmt very reai6n« than 
ftJhouUhsPve badm 500 ffort peteSf^ the Caftivity. Therefore the 
Umfe ef Judah in this Mr. X's own view of negleSed fattatkal 
Yeacs, mftead of fix oq1v» accordu^ to hiiaAJf in* one place muft 
necei&rily have nc^leftcdno leis thao lifaUaticai year$> according 
tohimlelt aUb in anotha idace> after that IJrael was carried away by 
Sabnanefer. For in the number 130 there ii evidently 7 times X9> 
and J. reinaining. 

Aols therefore what palpable Inconfiftencies^ and Miflakes here 
are ? — ^And all of them are fbre^n to the purpoie. 

For what can thefe Years of Ezekiel have to do with the Divifion 
of thefe Weeks of Darnel? — Where is any ground for the imagin'd 
Alluiion in numbers P-— Where is the conformity of them ? 

Here are firom the Prophet EiekielV Tears, deduced by Mr. z. the 
numbers of Weets tf3> and 6y (All miftaken numbers) giv'n us by 
Mr. £. upon Ifiael^mi JuJalfs foremention'd Account, and one WeeK 
more arfaitranly thruft in after to the making the (aid number 6 be- 
come number 7. And fb from Ezetielwe mve at length 63 Weeks, 
and 7 Weeb : And whereas 7 Weeks> and 63 Weeks make 70 
Week8> therefore Mr. L. thinks that he hath thus accounted for tne 
divifion of thefeventy weebof the Prophecy of DoMtel. 

But alafi* what are thefe Mr. Vs numbers of Weeks> viz. of 6^ 
Week^ and 7 Weeks to the mofl fblemn, mofl diflin A^ and order- 
ly> or rmilady proceeding numbers of Weeks of the faid ProDhecy> 
^riz. to the numbers firft of 7 fFeeks (a), then of 6% *weeis (h\ and 
after that of i (c) feparate> or fingle *week attended alio with its 
more difUnguifhed one Half thereof? 

And therefore after all> where is the leafl occafion for fuch eround- 
leffly deduced Divifion of thefe Weeks> which in the ezprefs &tter of 
the Prophecy have their own fure divifion in the feveraL and diftind- 
ly applied grand Events to the feveraU and difHnd periods of it? 

I nave above (d) curfbrily noted thofe diftind periods. I muil 
neceffiurily fpctk more fiilly to them hereafter in their refpedlive 

But this may (uSce to have been fakl here at prefent, as well in 
general concerning the Divifion of thefe weeks, as in particular to 
mis foreign Divifion of them. 

And having before fully fpoken to the nature of thefe Wecfa* 
and now having occafionally faid thus much as to the Divifion of 
tbem« I may put an end to this Chapter. 

(«} Piiuix. 2X» (k) ii* tod 9. %£• (c) p, 27. (d) Inthe lotrodu^oib p,iOy&e. 

G z Truk 






True Chronology 
Of Events mentioned in the foregoingChapteTyfor 

90 (t) K4W frtctUng the Serif ttire firfi of Cykv s i 
according to the holy Serif tfires ; the Phoenician ulnnaU ; 
Berofus, 4»J Tofcphus ; and P t o l e m y'^ Canon. 








(tf) Hence are to be reckotfd the Forty Tears 
dt God's Forbearance of the Iniquity ef thA 
HOUSE ofjudah. Ezek/vf. 6. 





(i) Died 'Pfammiikhtn King of E^jj»t ; next 
^his Son Necus reigned> or the Pharao Necho of 
the Scriptures. [Prid. Con. Hsjl. p. 47 from He- 
Irodotus //i. I.] 




















(t) r/«. from the ifth of King Jofiah, as Mr. Z». bath brought us up fb Ifigh by ki< 
20 years rsusM nth of Zedekiaht and thereby made the fourth of Jehuakim equal to 
the firft of Nebuthadnext-ar che father » and (o hach got the foorth. of Jchmkim rcailj 
iflco che ^lace of the ijth of King, Jofiak, 

Of Mr. L. occafioned by his 20 years rais'dElc- 
venth of ZedekiA ■ ^^^^ f^ thefikg of hit Hjfothtfa 
fifthe-o JVetkt he hath placed at 70 Tears MfiMKtjrem 
the taf^f^ of Babylon *; Cyrus, 

The fourth of Jeboiakim made equal to the 
Fotc now 1^ tofmice Pharao Nnko's Army. 

yuiiea invaded by Nchacbiuhfzzar. 

yerufakm taken, mAJfholakim^im. 

Upon che taku^of the City 3033 (') Per 
Ions rj^. lit 28.] were carried captive to 
Babyhn: ainongwhoinwasD^NI£Z- 

-Jehoiakin made King.--- -4/W 3 "«"*** 
jui to days He was fenc Prifoner to Bahybn, 
with his mother, e^e. [it. Kings xxiv. 12.] A- 
.■noi^ other captives WM the Prophet £«**'/■ 

-Zeikklab was made King by Nehchada. 








1 ^ 

1- 1 





^ 2 



S 3 



^ 1 
s 5 

r < 















fc' * 


5 s 






7 IC 









(I) No« thii the Yeai df ihe 7^« Period here infwer HaSly to the ytati b«ore 
^iri^ on itae left hand Column : an^ (b duougbout, 

{•) But fee ao yeari low0 in the left band Cdlumn. 
naiLeri bde fei down. G 3 

to Ukewifc generally biUoiher 

(t) r04)».i. i.3N*t«t**. theSonwasfimtby (*) 3 
his father againlt Ph. Nicht ; his father ukior 
!him into Copanncrfhip of Govcmmciit wit! 
him. And thii being in the end of the third of 
Jchoiakim, his fourth comes to be equal to the 
firfi n/ NcbuchadnMiar. ijtr.xxv. i.] Sm m- 
hovt, p. 46, G'e. 

((jN«i. nowfraotePi. N(«A*at therivei 
E»phr4tti, and retook Carchtmijb, [^tr. 
xlvi. Z-l — Jtrimiab prophcfieth of the 70 
Years Captivity of ^iiJab. [th. «v. S — ii.j 
Which accordingly began in this year (t) at 
7oyears dilUncc from the Scripture ^j? oj ^ 
C^r\i,s;Jtrufaltm\ia.a%aoviAtah^HtbHeh g_ 
the Ton, and ?«;&(iia;t(m put in irons, but after ^ 
releall, and leftKing under Tribute.-^-— 
as. D ANIEL amongmany others was now 
taken Prifonerto Baiy/oo.' [See p. 45.] 
id) Towards the end of JihtUkimi jth, 
zANthitchadntxAiiT\]\e father. ——His fbn 
•v'mEf^^t, hearing of his father's death, 
Ijfi, and 7r.j 

























,- .1 p-47-)**' tanwdmany ciniycf) ^peciallr 

(hofeofihcbtnn'rort, u be fe.-u ioJirtffiiicBn 

i» Raised Chronologf of Mr. L. 

^ I Exjtkul cnter'd on his Prophetick Office, 

3.?- 3 

4 ^</ri^/iii& rebelling leagues with Fharaoi 

5 NilfMchadnexxjir lays fioge to ^ irnfalen^ 

6 Ezikiel {MTophefietii againft Pharao [ch 
29.1.1 — His Army Cometh toaflilt Zidek 
now (hut up in }'iruf by the Chalddans 
who thereupon leave theSiege,and fight 
and overcome the Egyftiawsy accordinj 
to ^irtmiah's Prophecy, [ch. 34, lo.erf .^ 

7 Pkara&h's overthrow revcaVd to Ex^kii 
f<A. 30, from v. 20 to the end. J 

The Siege of jirufaUm renew'd b] 
the Chald^ans^ and the City taken 
—fxtfifr/Wpropheftes againft 7]yr«, [ch,^6 
— GidMlUh flain by l/hmael. The rerti 
nantof :T«^4£r flees intD Egypt. — In this 
8(*)or the next year ^f^i^fib. laidficgc t( 

9 The fell of Egypt foretold by BwW 

Nihuch. the fon now reducing Egy 
heard of his father's dc^th. 

(*) Viz, Tuf^Siventh -, as to which great mlftakefee above, p. 6/. G 4. 


tob«, K Bj 





•9 2 4 

KehtekatbuzzMr the fiin pQining to B»- 
*ri», after his ftther's death was thea 
made king over all the Empire. There- 
fore, fiithMr.L.[p.37j the time between 
his tathert deatli, and liis being lb made 
King is aflign'd in the^idfA.of T»f«»i«& 
■""* lothelbnbuctocbe&tiier. f^- 


f Atxo which ffai millak* r« baSTpTToT^ 

7>r« taien after a r j years liege. 

,— Hcnre Eyf/ was to lye waflc 40 years, 




















• & 



18 tol 


20 Q ' 




i&M/</ CbroH^niy of Mr. L. 


(a) Pttf-T^Ki, orold TyrttSta 113 Tan fitgi 

ff) KtbmcitAuitXJT now Imgnfa %^(.- GoJ 
aving (iv'n tum Che rpoiU iherraf by the Prophn 
"-'■r/. [". ixilC. 18 — lo. ill. 1- - ^ 

'*> fs« j88 before Orijll during tl 
.■agetlMr* wtreuken, «nii Tome Iliin, 

. ^iii wM now forced 10 flee mm u 
l^!iftt lowitdi ibe borden of EiUifU, by 
on nf the revnh of [he Erptlam, who hail 

* -'--'d ^ma/ri King. Niindujaesac^r 4i& 

bit Vice- Rof. 

icolir] ir 

beir^ ^e twt < 
PJurat Hoclnt fighting Amafti 
taken Pc'ilbner, ind Ihuuled. »f. "B 

■ (hrpr - 

coniplewed the fropbdiei erf 

KxTV.]iidof furf'-ii [C». 

li.] NtiiKludtu! 

"■an got) on wiih hii great BiiiMin(ri 
, [S« frii. Con. Hill. p. w S^f '' 

He proudly toiCing « 

I wa» b^ Gml dcpiiv'd at 
Tenlei, and his Kingdom, bring 
imong loea fur l^en Veaii. \Oi 

; grea 

of hii 

« 3*4 
7 »», 



J) r 














^ If 1^ ' 






2 4* 









4»43 38 
4144 39 







<3 3 

30 § 

Raised Chronology of Mr. L 

(tf } In this 20 yean nus'd thirty feventh of JetnAsk by 
Mr. X.'s teUiDg (p. 41.) NehmthAdnexxsr went mad : And 
hit Sod Evil-merodach rdgniog in his ilead relcaled Jec»* 
tusk out of priion. £As to which great mifiake* See a- 
bovei > 66i &c*'\ 

*. ' 




Nch, reflor'd to hisSen&fi and bi» KtBgdom. {^ee A.] 





1" 3^ 



(m) Ae ihe toi'ot 7 ytut God ceSored Nii. to 
hit Secfei, lod bii Ku^domi [Om. W. 34-] ' 
before bi« doth in ifaii Yor. 

(») Next bit Son Evil-mtruUeb regoed. 
N. 3. ill »*« 37«t tf Jecooiih'i (jftnitj, m tin 
tmtlfik mnth, tit 171^ df/ ^ tit mmik. 
[1 ^iDgl iiT. 17.] whtrebywt KB brought down 
into thuvoir bang tbt firji tf Enl-mrrodiA, be 
relraiing Jtcidjli out of pnToQ ihew'd lum fingu- 
lir&voui«.[^irer. 31,] Siitiivtt- fi!, (S^. wbere it 
IhewQ ftom th( eiptdi ttffitnony of J'fefhmi 
It DOW fiDd not ao jevi betore. u Mi. L. 
hith imagin'd. but] AFTEK. NiimlMlHaKji'l 
ileitb, Evmtr, tbnhwitb p»e JitmUk '•'-' 

(0 ■^fiyn," ^'"8 °' ^'^''' ^^E <''*^' ''' 

Son Cvmrii ibe I«Dnd> nov 41 ftin old [St 
Piid. CiH. HF/!. P' io8> in &Dt] fuccwded in th 
~ vil GoveTomenti wd t^rvj bit GruidloQ jn die 

idicuTi DOW 40 yoin old. fib.] N. 3. 

tacthef^ tbc Compuniion ut iheyeui uf bli 
ign in thole Auihori who reelion to Cjimi a 
lluny yean i^n [Ai to which Jet <bn p. 6i\&i. 

Id) D'led Wriwmf-jr-r«, or KirliBJp, 
bnvely Bghiing wiui vifiorioul Cjfna. - —Hi 
Son Lttmfaarthti, IlKcetding reigned 9 month 
bit faibei'i datli in the beginning of 
: But iboTe 9 montlii beiog after The Ihtt' 
ui iiu( Yeir, and having their end, before anotbe 
Veat began, the whole of chat yen iiieckooed.ii 
LO the liA of NmgSigi*, and theieftiie LakrnfiMr 
iWiinot in cbe Caoon of Ptilmj. [it being liic 
way in that Cioon not to give any King a place 
in it, wbo hid no fitll at TUik {*] but 10 pve ii 

> hli Piedecdlbr.] 

It) KdhruJiai the S({()u«x«r of the Sctipture) 

..jcceeded Ijimfiirthiiil. D*u<i bad th 

Vi!iooof the foui Emprei. [bt. vii] 

if\ of the Bim> acd He-Goat, IM 

-lu.] or the ovenhiow of the Fffimt Empire by 
.*/. M- and >he petficution of the Jim bf\ 


33 14' r39 

34 j4i HO 
3f |43'S.4» 




41 fO 























i?4ii/i/ Chronology of Mr. L. 









64'a!: I 





43 19 




Orw made En^tenDor of Perfta, iSeef^it ^ (c).] 


Scripture Chronology, 

(•) The Ejp^iMiutfter^ nut iit^aiioa 
[a* mhve ^Sy i^i ChriftJ retuining to 
their own Dmd, Many of them war tlie 
nexr year to the tUnfianceot Crfifv- [Xcn. 
Ofnt.iib.C. $. 14. SitMitvt, p, ^^..J 

(l) Sariu tiken by Cynu, and Cretfus King 
of ^Mlr«ioit. Soancnd to tbisKiogdoi: 

(c) S4i)»/tateT|)Teted thetuod-^ritiagoa 
tlicWal],[, (^.]-~B'U^I«i taken by 

?«<, and BtlflUxjMr (lain 

fi) After tlie taking of Baiyltn by C^nu, and 
thedeith of Bilfiimxjir, Vhiias the Median 
tMk thi kingdom being aieiU SiyiMti 0U,[Dan. jij FortbekiDgdomwasgiv'ntotfic 
UeJis. asweHisCothcPerfUni.l'u. i8.]And 
though Cyrui the Per/ian was the Ible A^r in 
thisconqueft, yet ashefought for hisUncle 
13dTmi iheMtie, therefore he twit the Kingdom, 
■saborci orasarcthewordsof Dtniei, [ch. 
9.1, H» wMiimuitKmgntrtht realm at the 
Chaldxans jandib hereigned wholly andible- 
ly after, during his life, vix., about a years, 
[A* flJn'«p4o,{^f.]-Thereforeirp/tir/ii Da- 
rius te Htake Daniel chief ef the iFr^eatt cvtt 
theKh^Jem, [ch. »i. 1 J--Througn envy Da- 
niel vMt eafi mta the Jen ofljmi, but God was 
withhim,[i', 10— ■ij.]j-Now,'ui*:.i''D«rjV 
[Dim. ix, I .] He had the Vifion of the SE- 
VENTY ■WEfiKS,[t'.i4,-"i7J 

(«) C»mbyfes father of Cyrm being dead in 
Fr^,flndDari»;berorethcendofttiij year 
dy wgilfo, Cyrm fucceedingin lUtheir domi- 
nionibecameroleLord over the p/f^an Mo- 
narchy, and & reigned 70 years, [Xcnoph. 





. 10 J-+I 








♦ '74 

I (•)m.'ti)uliktbuibyeMnrM/JHfpubtfinfiir.t. 
^thttiih ^Zcdekiah. rArtfl'jKoiiiah'J M(*iw/y 
mat ioyUTS mcupivitj, vhtftas Judah vai to ftrvt 
tkt King i>f Bab. hft joymfi [Jct.xxv. i i.J Md «f- 
irthiitGeJfriimiftJitfifitthtm,(ch.xxix. i«.J 
NB. Ifni Mr. L. m»kti tt it the Seripturt frficf 
Cyras, vkich wMi trull thtfirfi «f Daiius the Mede. 
Stt N»tt U)mth Itft himi p<t£t. St* alfimirt 

[ Scripture Chronology, &c. gl' s 5? o •« 

e Kin^sof g«[. ^ 

yrvp, lib. 8. See above p. 43.] —And now in 
^h(\)firfi, [Ezrai. i.] as lo reigning, went 
forth his CommAndment or Decree for the re- 
turn of thc/^wj, and for their rebuilding the 
TEMPLE, after a Captivity of 70 C*) years. 
{a) The }c»j being releafcd in November of 

Ithelaft year {yix.. cjy before -4. D. after the 
death of BartuSy by virtue of tyrw's Decree 
then going forth j and marching homeward in 
the December fbllowing, got to Jerufalem in 
their Nifan, our March or jifril, of this Year, 
after a four months march : For this we may 
reafonaMy fuppofe from Exw*s(f ^having after 
performed the like march bemBabylm. And 
the firft time the Jews are found at Jerufalem 
after their return by virtue of C;r«/s Decree 
was in their firft month (which anfwers part- 
ly to our March, and partly to Afril). And 
the fccond month (f+) of the next year (vift* 
of the year before A. D, SZS) when they laid 
the foundatms of the Temple, was the fecood 
month of the fecond Tear •' 


2, ^' 
5> r* .C* 






» S,t;t 





m ^«. towards the end of the Year before ^. V. 5-37 i for then hi> firft muft nc- 
ccuarily have begun upon the deaths of thofe two Princes before the end of this Year i 
and as Dtfr/Ws hrft of his tWo years reign began ftriftly in the end of 539 before ^^i>. 
equal to the 17th of 'BtlJh/tKzar. (*} Cha^e Years, or years of 360 days to a year* 
the vulgar year of the Country wherein tbf Jem bad been captives for fo many years^ " 
as |t will be hereafter moie particularly Ihcwflt (y tVJbYii.^ tt-K) ^A* "' 


9 < "^ 

i?<i//^ Chronohgy of Mr. L. 


1 3 




H 3 


* -J -» 

PART the F I R S T, 


An A C G O U N T of the Firft Seven 
Weeks of this Prophecy : both in the Beginning, 
and alfo in the Ending of them. 


In general concerning the Beginning of the Sc' 
ven W«ks. 

Aving in tbe premtfet Confider'd the ttature, iuid 
diriHoa of thele Weeks; I am now to treat of 
the firft VII Weeks of this Prophecy : And I 
am in the firftplace concern'd to fee fiwrh th« 
true Scripture Beginniiw of them. 

Now that the iaid VII Weeks muft of ne* 
cefTity take their Beginning from the Com* 
mandmont 'which "Went firth to rtjlore, and to 
irui/d JerulaleiD, for to rebuild JtrufaUfn, for this is the true meaniog 
of the Hebraifm {a) here thus tranflat^, and therefore I Jhall thus 
once, and dways exprefs my felf on this occafion) even to rebuild 
RACTER in the Text makes k evident beyond difpuce. 


Im It miihi have iitn mmdi mm pre/irlj ttaHJUiid, It idnild, t n build again. 
thtl Ihii Ullrr il lit macb (ruf vtrfita ii rvUenl frtm thi nfl ef iht virj fami 
ejiefmerii m ihi famt vitfi, rii. whrfi il u fmd ctnteriiiiig lit StreH tf Jnufi 
nPJp^l aittJfl' I* (tail return md be built. .Si titrUllj. ^ai jei «r TiMufi, 
kcri h'avt fniridii Umty Mi frcfrrlt, h (hall be built tgnn. ft fixnU kiti 
ihtttfmft'indT,d!<,ltifmmrt«fetfthivtrd. Tiert tr, mau, IkJIjhih tf fiat 
^llHiHTdiaSirifimri: pjrilcmUrlj inFJalmvi. lo. Lcc ihnn return and bf >(hu 

Xhf liki ^1 m-^ *i[<ti{ fl] P&I, Ujd, %<n m( (XKriii, 4I; &« *'{' Geo- »vi. »i. 

tif the Beginning of the firji VII Weeks y^z. loi 

We are in i)er. 25 immediately pinned down to fuch Be^nning. 
For fo we there read exprelllv, «cfi». That fram the gmng forth of the 
Comnumdment to rthfiU Jtru&km * t\ . ^ 1, n fiall he VIl IVeeku 6cc. 

But whereas there were four COMMANDMENTS, or 
DECREES which at four difierent times went forth from the 
Kings of 9erfia in favour of Jerufalem, it hath therefore been a 
point difpucedi among learned men. And it is indeed the grand que- 
ilion now before us, which of the four k was that is here intended 
10 this Prophecy. 

That there were but loor fuch CommanJmeuts is evident from the 
account we have of them, and of tl?ofe only in holy writ. Of thefe 
we learn either horn Ezra or Nehemiah, thofe holy men who them- 
fdves were immediatdv concera'd in two, of them, that thev were 
as in order they here follow^ viz. 

Firft, TbatC0MMANDMENTwhich'uwi//r/*inthe/r7f 
year of Cjrus, 

Secondly, That which 'toent forth from Dorm, in his fecond accord* 
iflg to fome,in his third as fomc have reckon'd^ in his fourth according 
to others. 

Thirdly^ That which went forth im the jth of Artaxerxes Longi* 
xnanus. And 

Fourthly,Thatwhich went forth /» the lofhff thefiiU Artzxerxss, 

One of thefe four COMMANDMENTS was certainly 
referirM to, or fpoken of, in this Prophecy by the Angeh in \x hat 
he told Dankl expreflly here, 'ver. 25 concerning a Cor/manJmenf 
that was to go forth to rebuild Jtrnfalcm. 

Here then lies the Queftion: namely Which of all others is the 
moft likely to be that very COMMANDMENT here mcnt 
cion'd in this Prophecy. 

The Anfwer is very eafy in general, that it n^uft be that, no 
doubt of it, which moft nearly and exadly anfwcrs to the EXr 
PRESS CHARACTER in the Text, namely that of REt 

But whereas there are two diflFerent fenfes in which this E Xr 
PRESS CHARACTER of reiuildifig Jerufakm haih been 
taken by learned men in their various ExpoGtions of this Prophecy> 
feme (^particularly the late learned Bifliop Uoyd for one) having taken 
the fame in a Utteral fenie, as denoting the rehmlSng of the City of 
Jerufaknty others, (the reverend and learned Dr. FriJc^ux in particular) 
in a figurative lenfe* as denoting the Reftoracion of the Jewi/h 
Church, And whereas confequently there is much depending upon 
the true meaning of thefe words of the Commandment^ (viz.. to rv- 
btdld Jernfakmy) in order to afeertain which of the four general Com^ 
tnandmnts It was here in the Prophecy before us particularly intend-* 
ed, or referred to, the former of thele two great men beginning hia 
Expofitionof this Prophecy fcom the 20th oiF Artaxerxes L^gima^ 
ms upon his litteral aCceptapce of die words thereof, the latter be- 
ginning his from the 7th of the ftud ^rtas^erxes, upon \Asfguxaiiv$ 
utferpretadon' of t:hem# It is therefore become neceflary for u$» 

H 3 before 

102 Of the true meaning of thofe words of the 

before we proceed any fisirther, to enquire bto the true luture of 
this EXPRESS CHARACTER as concain'd in thefe words 
of the Prophecy of REBUILDING JERUSALEM. 

I fhali accordingly in the firft nlace confider this exfrefs CharaSer 
in this twofold fenfe of it, in order to the (hewing in the next place 
which of the four Commandments is that> between which> and the 
Prophecy before us there is the greateft Agreement. And this fliaU 
be die Contents of the following Chapter. 

C H A P. n. 

Concerning the true fenfe y or meaning of tho/e words 
of the Commandment, the Rebuilding 


IAm now to treat concerning the exprejs CharaSer of the Begin- 
ning of the VII Weeks, viz. of the COMMANDMENT 
which went forth to rehuiU Jerufslem : And I am to fct forth 
the fame in the twofold fenfe of it before-mention'd> viz. in the 
jpgurativey and the Utteral fenfe of it. 

The lace learned Bifhop LAj'i/ in his Expofition of this Prophecy 
taking every thing in the JProphecy as it lay before him in the plain 
fenfe of the words of it according to the exprefs Letter, took thefe 
word$ of ic alfo of rehuiUmg Jeruialem in the fatne StteralfenCe^ viz. 

That whereas Jerufakm the royal and holy City had been deftroyed, 
and made defolate, being laid even with the. ground by the B^fy- 
loniansy (he fliould however in procefs of time be built up again, as 
in the former days, the days of her Prolperity. That me who in 
the langu^e of David, (P/xlviii. i.) and of Daniel alfo {ch.ix, id.) 
was the holy Mountain of God, called fo even by God himfelf {Zech. 
viii. 3.) And yet at the time of the givii^ of the Prophecy before 
us, v/as as it were only a mountain of Rubbifli without either 
STREETS, or WALLS, flie fliould however have them rebuilt 
as at the beginning. For to this purpofe there was to go forth a 
Commandment (from a King of Perfa) even to REBUILD Jerufa^ 
km. So that however (he now lay naked, and defencdefs, and open 
to all herenemies round about her, for want of her WALLS, which 
now lay in ruins as left by the Babyhmans upon their difmanding 
her, and was therefore become, and as yet continued a Refroach, 
the time however fliould come when that her REPROACH 
fliould be taken away. For by virtue of the COMMANDMENT 
which was to go forth for that very purpofe. Her WALL was to be . 
again fet up. Her STREETS were to be rebuilt, flie fliould be 
yet repleniflied, and adorned withHoufes; Her Inhabitants fliould 
Jg^n flock in unto Her ^ and fo flie fliould be re-peopled^ and in** 

Commandment to REBUIL^Jcm&km. loj 

habited) as in ancieoc times. In this fenfe did the lace BiOiop 
UojJ take thefe Words, as the true litteral meaning of them, 
OS they lie before us in the Prophecy. 

And what Ihould hinder why thele Words rtiould not be taken in 
this lame litteral fenfe, as the real and very fenfe here intended in them 
by the Angel ? Wherefore fliould the Letter be rqeded here, or in 
any other part of this moft folemn Prophecy, this impwtantt thk 
very instant Trophecy, as Dr. Trideaux {a) truly calls it ? 

It is truly fb. It is indeed of the greatefl importance: as being 
Ae only Prophecy in Scripture which diredtly points out Chr^ 
the I^ffiab ^ and what is more than that which (as we fhall par* 
Ocularly lee hereafter) fetteth forth the pricife time of a fufFering 
MeJJiah'y and therein demonftrates him to be the true MeJJiah, the 
ANOINTED (f theLvrdi to be our great Sacrifice, and Expia- 
tion for Sin in dying for us> and in our ftead. Ajpd therefore fo 
infortaiU a Prophecy as this is in the letter of it pught by no means 
to be explained away in zfigure j no, not in any 6ne- part of it : E- 
ipecially conGdering that every part of it, in the letter thereof had its 
xnoft exad completion, as will be hereafter particularly fliewn. And 
therefore in the explanation of it to run it, or any part of it into a 
fguTfy is not a little derogating from die folemnity, and very great 
importance of it. 

And yet this notwithftanding, fomc Expofitors of this weighty 
Prophecy rejecfHng the litteral (enfe of rhe words of the Command-- 
ment to rebuild Jerufalemj have been very fond of ih^ figurative fenfe 
of thefe words. In particular the learned Dr. Prideaux hath declar'd 
againft the former, and for the latter. And to this purpofe he hath 
cxpreffly told us (i), that the Words in the Text to reftore and to 
buUd yerufakm^ are not ta be underflood btterally, but figuratively ^ for 
^he refior'tng of the fiMe of thejews, as vxll the FoUticaL as the Eukfi^ 
afiicaX &c. And to like purpofe elfewhere (c). 

In confirmation of whicn figurative fenfe of thefe wordJ, and by 
way of objedion to the litteral fenCe of them, Mr. Dean there gives 
his reafons : and fupports the fame with other figurative Interpreta- 
tions elfewhere (d). But of what force and efficacy thofe reafons 
are, will appear by giving them a particular confideration, either as 
we find them here (<?), or as we fliall have more proper Opportu- 
nities of fpeaking of them, as they lie elfewhere, and as they come 
in under other confiderations. 

Firft, faith Mr. Dean here (/), TPhat is more ufual in Prophecies 
than to be giv'n out in figurative Exprejfions ? But with all due fub- 
million. Doth it hence follow that becaufe Some Proohecies are fo 
giv'n out, that therefore All are, or that this in particular is fo giv'n ; 

H 4 ox 

(i«)Con. Hift. p. xo6» 1 29 and 47, (i) p. 266, 1. 3. (c) Pardcularljr p. 28^, 
I. 2S . Mr. Dtdn makes the Church, and State of Jernfalem to be figuratively exprefled 
by the Streets ot the City, and good Conftjtutioni, and Eftablifhments, ro be figurativeiy 
«xprefledbytbe Ditch : Of which the Reader will hear in its proper pUce. [d) p. 

^7. {i) p. Z66. (/) kb. 1. 7. 


104 Ofthetruemeamngofthewordfofthe 

or if fo giv'n chat It muft however Dece0arily be giv'h in Mr* J>emf% 
figuratrve fenfe of it ? 

But addeth Mr. Dem tbere {a)^ What is more tm^uon in Sarh^ 
ture than by Jerufalem to mean the whole foMtkal^ and ecckpe^ 
e^lftate of that pecfley m. the JeWs ? ■ ■ 

Now with like deference to the learned MrPf^it^s judgementsDoth 
it hence foUow that the wotAJerufalem tho' in fome places of Scrip- 
ture fo taken, muft therefore be fo taken in this ? ■ ! Where is 
the con&quence here ? It is, (aith Mr. Dean, common in Scr^tnre, 
yor Jeru&lem to be taken in this figurative fenfe. I do allow it But 
I b^ leave to add alfo that it is moft common in Scripture likewife 
for Jerufakm to be taken in a Btteral &n{e. Were we to be at the 
trouble of reckoning up the places in Scripture where die word Jfe- 
rtffakm is found, we fliould certainly find it in many more places in 
^e fenfe of the letter, than in that of zfiatre. Wnere then is the 
confeauence of thus arguing? Mr. Dean doth not £iy that it is aL 
nvays io : but commonly fo. And yet upon examination it wouU be 
found mofi commonly otherwife. And dierefore fince it is not fo in 
all places of Scripture^ it is poIHble furdy that it may not be fo in 
^his. Therefore in truth this argument of Mr. Dean proveth no 
more than the former. The fame in favour of the Utteral fenfe 
tum'd upon Mr. Dean would prove equally againft his fipgratime 
acceptance of the words. But fuch an argument as this proves to 
yery little or no purpofe of either fide. Therefore we may dit 
mifs it without any ^rther trouble to the Reader about i& 

Thirdly, Mr. Dean gives one other reafon in favour of his fipt^ 
fative interpretation of thb words of the Commandment for to rebuild 
jerufalemj by telling us [b) that this figurative Interfretation of the 
words, and NONE OTHER mufi be the true meaning of them, at 

g fearing from heTtcey viz. That they CANNOT be unaerftood in 
ITTERAL SENSE. And this \s a decifive alrgunient mdeed, if 
this AfTertion could be made out. But fure I am that this can 
pever be made out from tlie reafon on which Mx.Dean founds it, 
viz. a very forced, and groundlefs confequence which he hath hence 
urged, in the following words, {e) that if they (the words of the 
Commandment] are fo to be underfiood, {vit, in a litteral ienfe) they 
can he applicable to no other refioring, and rebttihbng tf^ Jerufalem than 
that which was decreed, and commanded by Cyrus. I fliall hereafter 
give this a particular confideration, and I ihall then fhew that there 
is not any fqfficient ground for fuch inference: and that it makes not 
in the leaft againft theie words being taken in a litteral fenfe: for 
that tho' fo taken, there is not any the leaft neceffity for their being 
fo applied. In the mean time I fliall eftabliih the Utteral fenfe of 
thefe words by fuchArgumentjs, as will, I hope, prove fufficient for 
*^h^t purpofe : eyen to the proving the very rcverfe of Mr. Dean'z 


Comffutttdmhtto REBUIL7)Jtm^zlctxu lo? 

aflertiOQ* namely this, that the UTTERAL Interfrttatlm rf thefi 
^o3ordSy 0td no other mufi be the trw meanhg of them'^fir tJSst they 
€ammt he underfiood, I mean righdy underftood^ according to the 
true intent, and meaning of this Prophecy, m a %uative fiffe. 
An d howe ver Mr. Detm hath afiSrm'd fit j, that the UtukrfioHdhig im 
m UTtERAL fenjiy 'what is m the Profheey, (viz. according to 
Mr. Deafs Hypbthefis thereof) meaxtt m a SffmAveJemJe hath ieem 
4m occsfm of Vetfkxtties^ vjtich man/ leamefl mem have rtm into, 
im their eMfScations ef this Vropheg^ yet in truth Mr Deoffs under* 
fbuidine the lame in a FIGURATIVE fenfe, which in the Prophe- 
cy (as I hope My to make appear) is certainly meant in a LIT- 
TERAL ienfe, hath been the occafion of his fiiUing aUb into Ter^ 
fkxities ; as we (hall fee hereafter. 

We do indeed readily grant with Mr. Deam that many Expo- 
fitois of this weighty Prophecy, who have taken the words there- 
of now before us in a Utteralkak, have run into many and mat 
Ferpkxities in their feveral ExpoGtions of it: But fuch their Per^ 

Elexities were not owing to their taking the Prophecy in a Stteral fcnfc, 
Mt to ibme other their miftakes in their feveral explications of it» 
vsnc either to their dating thefe weeks from a wrong Beginning, or 
to their reckoning the whole LXX Weeks as to many current 
weeks, or eUe to meir making ufe of a wrong year in their con)- 
putation of them, &c. 

And yet as certain it is alfo that Mr. Deam is not without his Per- 
plexities in his figurative Expofition of this Prophecy: tho' with tWs 
difference, that whereas their Perplexities proceeded from fome or 
9ther of the caufes nowafSgn'di Mr. Dean^s Perplexities are in truth 
owing to every one of thefe Caufes, either as happily futing to Ins 
figurative Hypbthefis^ Or elfe immediately to l^ figurative Expofi- 
tion, as neceiBurily produdiveof fuch Hypotheiis: as will hereafter 

At the prefent we are immediatdv concem'd with thele words cf 
theProphecy, to refiore and to hrnld Jeru£dem> as in our Tranfla- 
tion, or as we have before noted in the true fenfe of the Hehaijm 
to rehfild Jcvu&leai, the Walh and Streets thereof. 
' And we are to fliew that the Stteral fcnle of thele words, and no 
other muft be the real> or true meaning of them : For that they 
cannot be rightly underftood in ^ figurative fenie. And that 

Firft, Becaufe the words before us of rehuilSng Jerufalem, the 
Wall Mid Streets thereof will not properly bear any figurative Inter- 
pretation> they do evidendy in the natural ienfeof them point out 
not zfigurativcy but a Rtteral fenfe 

For they are fpoken concerning a City which as it bad been laid 
in ruins by the enemies of the people of God^ (o now continued Jfcw 
filatej but was however in due time to be REBUILT, exprefs affin 
fances hereof being giv'n frpm Qod ]fi thjs Prophecy. 


to6 Of the true meamng of thofe words of the 

That Jerufalem the holy City was at the time of the givm this 
Prophecy more than in a fffirative Defbladon^ it wfll Idoubt 
not, be readily granted She was furdy now LITTERALLY 
defilate. If fo, Confequently this EXPRESS CHARACTER in 
the Prc^^iecy of he r REBUILDING imurally pinneth us down 
Kkewife to a LITTERAL RebmUitig. That ihe which was now 
Btterally in ruins was therefore in procels of time to be UtteraUy re- 
built is I think beyond ail controveriy evident from the natural 
jenfe of the words. It were therefore unreafonable to take them 
ocherwile than in fuch itteral fenfe. 

For it favours furdy not a little of Partiality for to take the words 
of Jerufaknis Defolation only in a Utteral fenfe, and not the 
ymxis of her Rebuilding alfo in the fame Utter alknk. Both are fpo- 
ken of in this chapter; and on one^ and the fame occafion; and 
with refped indeed to each other> as will parti(^ularly appear pre- 
jendy under my fecond argument for the taking the words before 
us in fuch Utteral fenfe. 

But we are at prefent immediately concerned about the plain^ 
and natural fenfe of them. And the natural fenfe i% always bef^> 
and what always ought to be followed without! e/pecial, and very 
convincing caufe to the contrary^ efpecially in expounding the holy 
Scriptures. And according to our fecond rule laid down for us to 
go by> in explanation of the Prophecy before usj Exprefs Charaders 
in the Text ought to be dofely aJheid tOy 4md not to be mterfreted §t 
large, and expounded away in a Figure for the fake of an Hypothefa. 
This is unpardonable in it felf ^ much more fo> when the words 
will not bear fuch interpretation : which is the cafe of the words now. 
before us dt rebuilding Jerufalem Wall and Streets. 7he STREET 
Ihall be built again, and the WALL : as in our Tranflation. 

Let any unprejudiced Reader knowing the prefent DeJUation of 
Jerufalem but read thefe words : And upon reading them would he 
not certainly condude a Utteral meaning in them^ and gather from 
them chat Jerufakm now in ruins fhould be again repair'd« or reflor'd 
out of her ruins ? 

IheSTREETjbaU be built againy and the WALL, as in our Tranf^ 
larion. The Street^ ox flreets {a). The 2lni in the Original : The 
Area of Jerufalem ox broad fpate'^ or Spaces now void of Houfes* tho 
iame having been laid in a(hes by the Babylonians, and aUb the X^H the 

W ALL> of which fhe had been by them difmanded, and was now 
only a heap of ruinsj fhould be built up again. This is the plain, and 
natural fenfe of thefe words : And in this fenfe our Tranflators have 
iiccordingly taken them. 

But to this replies the learned Dr. Trideaux, here the Tranflation 
is faulty. Our Tranflators have not done juftice to the text in ren- 
dring the original word X1"^n by thewajg/^WordWALL. For faith 

Mr. Dean (b)y Thereis nofucbiMordastheword WAUL to bejoimd in the 


• (m) fiatea pro Pjacels plurllws perSynocd. {/Scenes im tj) (h) p. 287* 1< %Z. 

C$mmandment to REBUILD Jcrufaltm- 1 07 

'mrtffital text rf theFrcphecy. Farwhat'we there render m our Engliih 
TrMfflatkm the JVALLy is in the Hebrew Original the DITCH. 

But> with all humble fubmif&on^ why fo much &ulc to be lound 
here with the Tranflation ? Why (b heavy a chaige as this upon our 
Traii£[ators> as if they had put in a word contrary to the true ienie> 

and meaning of the Original ?■» I am indeed apt to bdieve that 

they did not underfland the word in z figurative fenfe. They did not 
probably fo much as think of it. Hence indeed according to Mr. 
Dean they are blame-worthy. But how far they are really fo : or whe- 
ther in the leaft io» or not> we (hall fbon lee by confidering how 
far the original Word will bear them out in this dieir tranSation. 

The Ordinal word isj as we have noted^ Vr\T\, This iaidi Mr. 

Dean in the true fignification thereof is not a WAL h, but a 
DITCH. Now aUowing this in the general fenfe of the word j 
yet furely in the fenie in ^ich it lieth before us in the Prophecy 
("and by this without all controverfy we ought to be guided herein) 
It mun: neceflarily (ignffie fomewhat more than barely an OR-< 
BINARY or COMMON DITCH. For otherwife what fenfe 
can we make of thefe words of the Prophecy, The STREET 
jbaU he built againy and the DITCH? 

Now putting thefe two tc^ether, as in all reafbn we ought to 
do> as they lye together here in the Prophecy, what coukl be 
this Sinn in the Original, this WALL as in our Tranflationj thig 

DITCH as in Mr. Dean's Tranflation ? What but that which 

our learned Mr. Heds hath told us it was in his excellent expla- 
nation of the word. And therefore I give the meaning of it 
here in anfwer, to the Reader in general, and to Mr. Dean in 
particular, in Mr. Mede*s words, as we find them in that learned 
man's book {a)y as here followeth, viz. By Xnn Claith he) here I 

under/iand froperfy that CIRCUIT, (that DITCH, if Mr. Dean 
pleafeth) bounSng out the Umits cf the City^ 'whereon the WALL, 
nvas budded, and antiently uid to be tnarkt out nvith a plough ear- 
ipg ^ furrov) round about. 

Now fuch a Xnn as this there had been furely at Jerufalem be- 
fore its Defolation. A Circuit, or furrow (as Mr. Mede here 
caird it:) a Ditch, (as Mr. Dean of Norwich calls itj made about 
Jerufalem, encompafHng, and begirting her wirh a WALL upon 
the laid Circuit, Furrow, or Ditch builded for her defence againfl her 
Adverfiiries, but afterwards by thofe from Babylon thrown down, 
and levell'd with the Ground. 

Concerning this fame UHH as in the Original, this WALL in 

the language of our TranQators, this DITCH in Mr. Dean\ 
tranflation. It is in the Prophecy before us predided that it 
fliould be again reftor'd to Jerufalem. 

And now with Mr. Deojis leave, I put it to the impartial 
Reader whether there be herein any the Icafl room for find^ 


^a) p. yoo. I. 9. 

tbS Of the true meamx^ of thofe words of the 

ing faidt with our Tranllacors ? Let the reader judge in this cafe* 
Is the word WALL 9s in our TranflacioQ to be found in the 
Orffluial, Or 18 it not? 

Nay I beg leave to put the queftion if tiie OriglQal word Snn 
could have been better rendred than by the very word WALL? 
Wfaidi word Our Tranflatois pitched upon as the fair> and plain, 
snd naturals and indeed the only true Prophetic fenle or die 
wonL in die Utter thereof> and not in a fiftre^ as we ihaU have 
fbfficient caufe to fee anon. 

Nor have our Tranflators been fingular herein. For oAets {a) 
aifb h^ve fo tnmflatecl it before Them. 

So that however the learned Mr. J>em may find fault with the 
¥ery word WALL as in our tranflation« yet calling it in his 
Tranflation DITCt}> ftill die Original WchxI can truly be un- 
derftood of no other JHuh, (as I have ihewn from Mr. Mede,) 
than diat on which the nnaU of JerufaUm flood before its being 
kid in ruins by them of Bdhjlam. CM we it Ditch or lyencb, or 
what we wili> it is fUil the WALL of Jemfakm which was an- 
tiemly founded, and built upon that JHtch or nmehy which is 
bere prophefied of« that whereas it was now in ruins^ yet the 
lime was coming when it Ihould be reftoi^d to her. 

But after alU to this Mr. Dean will reply diat this Tranflation 
of his by the word DITCH is not thus meant bv him. Nor is 
k fi> to be Underftood* as if it fimified fucn a Cirmty or 
nemh, whereon flood a WAX L ; for this were flill to take 
it in a StteraKcak : And then the word WALL as in our Tranf- 
lation mig)it as well fland as the word DITCH. But Mr. 
Dean^s favourite word DITCH is to be taken in zfigufdtpue loiie^ 
And in this fcnfe faith Mr. Dean (h)y by the word DITCH muft 
MENTS. Mr. Deam had there juft before told us that by the 
STREETer STREETS cf/Atf CI rr muft be meant CHURCH^ 
dHid STATE. This is Mr. Dean's figurative interpretation of 
thefe words in the Prophecy the STREET, and the WALL : 
Of which fireet and vjftU It is therein predidlcd that they fhould 
be rebuilt. 

But if this be not a forced^ and arbitrary interpretation of thefe 
words> as they lie before us in the Prophecy, I leave endrdy to 
the Reader : Efp^ially Confidering (as T now beg leave to fhewjl 
that in their namral fenfe they cannot admit of fuch interpreta* 

For Errfi, as to the word UtHH, what imparrial Reader looking 

upon that orig^ Word either in its own 'proper fenfe^ or as tc 


{s) S6 the LXX vAnTiiflft, ^ r«k^, oi 9i^T%^ MS* ^^ So tho y. Z^ 

P/^jM & Muri, So alio the Syriact aod ^raUs verQom. And aznong CommeniaK>rs 
nfcduir, and Cahim, and VdnMm have Ip ixKoprttsd u. (See Pt/i^s Synopf. ui U 
{*) p. 289, 1. 31. ^ 


Commandment to REBUiL^]^t{3&ltm. 109 

lies in conjundion with the word SHH in the Prophecy^ could 
have dedaced fuch a fkr-fetch'd fenfo as Mr. Dean here gives us 
of it, as this of CHURCH, and STATE : both tc^ther here in- 
tended by this one word> in Mr. Deojfs interpretation of it ? 
Indeed one v^ould not eaiily have thought of fuch fenie of the 
word, had not Mr. Dean here thus informed us. 

The word in its ordinary (ignification denotes a hroad place^ 
or fiace^ ot fireet. To give it in Mr. MsJe\ language, that learned 
Man very well underftood by it, the Area, or Pht cf Ground 
mthm ijerufalem) ivbereon the HOUSES 'were to be huuded{a). 

And by 3ln"1 faith Mr. Dean alfo muft be underftood the 
STREETS^ the City (h). And yet after all by the STREETS 
of the CITl (as before noted from p, 280. of his book) wcf 
MUST underftand CHURCH and^TATE. 

Now 2S to any ground for fuch £]^)e(ition) in truth I cannoc 
fee it. For fuppofing that the CITY were to denote the STATE, 
yet why the STREETS (hould denote the CHURCH I fee not. 
How they (hould I know not. Yet faith Mr. Dean» The STREETS 
of the CITY denote the CHURCH and STATE. 

Well — ' — But Secondly, as to the other word here, the word 
WALL, or in Mr. Deaf^s langua^ the word DITCH, what are 

we to underfland by that in the Opinion of Mr. Dean ? Why? 

As we have feen above, GOOD CONSTITUTIONS. 

But iiirely here is an interpretation giv^n us of the Ordinal word 
Snn as conftrain'd, and unnatural as was that of the other word 

Sinn. We have before giv'n the true natural fcnfe of the word 
Snn, and alfo the proper fenfe of it in this Prophecy according to 
the letter of it, in the words of the judicious Mr. Mede. 

We are not to wonder that Mr, Dean hath giv'n us fo diflfcrent 1 
fenfe of this word. For as was the other, fo muft this word of 
courfe be taken by him in a figurative fenfe. Bodi with eqtnl 
teafon: There being in truth no better ground for fuch tnterpretati« 
on of this word> than there was for the former. For, where, I 
beg leave to ask the queftion> is this word Snn usM in fuch forocd 

figurative fenfe either in Scripture, or indeed elfe where? It is no 

where in the former. Where elfe is it to be met with ? Mr. Deam 
gives us no manner of inftance. He hath indeed faid {c) fomethmg 
by way of Comment on his word DITCH, fliewing it to benear 
of kin to the word HEDGE in that fenfe, in which he takes both 
thofe words ; viz. in favour of his GOOD CONSTITUTE 
ONS, as the word Hedge is there (d) taken in his quotation from 
Tirke Aboth (which is one of the Jews trads in their Mijbna) deno- 
ting that the Conftitutiom of their Elders are an HeJjgp to the Law r* 
But this proves nothing in the leaft as to either of thefe (igniGcatk 


(a) p. 700^ (0 ^ ^ ^"^^ more l^tly explaia'i IQf^ dti^tod 'of tbs atft 
0»pccr. W P* **Stt ftlj fint« W% 

»16 Of the true fneaning ^f thofe wards of the 

CDS being the true and proper fenfe of the original word SiTI 

either in it felf, or as it lyes before us in this Prophecy. This Quo- 
tation proves not in the leaft that the faid word ought to be renared 
here ne(^e^ or Ditch more fignificantly than WALL : much Icfi 
doth it prove any thing towards the fenfe in which Mr. Dean renders 
it, W2S. Good Conftitutions. 

If then after all, there be not any authority from the holy Scrip- 
tures, nor dfewhere for (wch figurative, fuch forced figurative tranf- 
lation of the words before us, if the natural fignification of the 
words do in no wife juftifie fuch figurative interpretation, but evi- 
dendy point out to us a Utteral meaning, then moft certainly fiich 
figurative Interpretation is in no wife the true Scripture fenfe of 


And thus we might have done with the Hetreno word XHn and 

our Englijb Tranflation thereof the word WALL, (Having here 
(hewn it to be originally in the Frophecy, in the true litteral fenfe 
thereof, (as Our Englijb Tranflators have taken it) however Mr. Dean 
hath afferted the contrary;) had not He, juft before his cafting out the 
faid EngSfi word in^. 287, one other argument there for its being 
taken in a figurative fenfe, which though really of no force in it 
felf, yet in good manners to Mr. Dean we ought not to pals over 
unobferved. It is this, namely that the faid Englifb worcl WALL 
happens to be us'd in Ezra [j:h: ix. v. 9.] in z figurative fenfe: And 
therefore Mr. Dean puts the queftion (/;'», ^6. of that page) v)hy may 
not the *word WALL in the Frophecy (vix. in the Prophecy before 
us) be taken figuratively alfil 

To which I beg leave to reply, that there is not any the leaft rea- 
fon for it. For where is the confequence of this arguing? — It is 
fo in Ezra faith Mr. Dean, And I will add alfo. It is fo in many 
other places of Scripture. But doth it therefore neceflarily follow 
that becaufe it is fo in fome, therefore it is fo in ALL, Or that 
therefore it is fo in this .>—— Becaufe it is fo in Ezray muft it there- 
fore be fo in the Prophecy before us? ^Yes, faith Mr. Dean in 

what follows (there in that page) viT^ there being as much reafim fat 
it in theoneflacey as in the other. 

-« ^B'jt with all due fubmif&on, furely there is not as much rea^ 

fin : there is indeed none at all. f'or the Context which in fuch 
cafes always muft be confider'd, plainly fhews the contrary. As 
w^ be prefently, and more immediately (hewn under my fecond 
Confideration. However here we may not improperly note the 
followingparticulars: viz^ 

Firfly That in the Prophecy before us the word STREET is 
join'd with the word WALL: which is an evident confirmation 
and ftrengthning of the Utteral knk, t^ Jerufakm was to be rebutU 
Wall and Street, 

7.dlyy According to the very exprefs Text here, a Royal Cum^ 
^andrnent was to go forth for fuch very purpofe, even for fuch re- 


Commandment to UEB UIL © Jcrafidem. 1 1 i 

huib&ng Jerufakm, T^all and Street, But no fuch Commandfi>Mm$ 
went forth in Ezn^s time : As will be hereafter fliewn. Nor when 
he fpafce of a IHJ (in our Tranflation a Wall) was there any fuch 
Wall buflt by him : but afterwards when the Commandment *went 
firth according to this Prophecy for fuch SHH as is there expreflljr 
fpoken of, fuch WALL as in our Tranflation, there was a Wall ac- 
cordingly rebuilr, or repair*d by the Tirfhathai or Govemour Nebe^ 
miah, as will be hereafter ihewn. 

But farther with immediate refpeft to our EngUJb word WaU^ 
our Tranflator^s word as well for the Xnn in this Prophecy, as the 
n*lj| in Ezra, the diflPerence of fcnfe in the two ori^al words 
makes a difference alfo of fenfe in the one Word whereby they aie 
tranflated. The word 11 J indeed fignifies a Wall, or a He^e. But 
yet it is far from coming up to the (ignification of the word VTVy 
in the Prophecy. Even fuppofing the faid SHH to fignifie a DITCFf, 
as in Mr. Bean of Noriuklfs tranflation of the word, yet in fuch 
tranflation thereof the word 1*^3 comes not up to the fignification of 
the word SHH. For we have already fliewn what kind of Dittb 
fuch Tranflation rf the word VTW) here muft neceilarily denote. 
W2. a Ditch, on wWch is built a W/. And however the word I^Jf 
in Ezra be in our Tranflation render'd mr//, yet it might have 
been as property tranflated Hedge^ and in one and the fame fenfo 
For God was both alike to his people at that time, is He war 
their Defence againft their Adverfaries, when they were as yet with- 
out their i*=^in the Istteral fenfe of the word, of which it was 
here however in the Prophecy predided that they fhould in due 
time have it fet up again. So that tho* the Englijh word be the 
fame in both places, viz, in Ezra, and in the Prophecy before \xs 
One and the feme Word 'wall^ yet the original word in thofe twa 
places is not the feme, nor is the figni6cation, and importance of 
the two words in the two diflerent placfes the fame; there is as 
we have feen a manifeft difference in the fenfe of the one, and of the 
other i And therefore with lAx,Dean of Norwich's leave, thsrtff 
mt as much reafin for it (for a figurative fenfe) in the one plate 
(viz. in the Prophecy before us) as there is in the other: {viz. in 

And yet tho^ Our Tranflators have rendred the word 1']^3 in Ez^ 

ra by our EngUJh word vjoll, I am by no means for finding fault 
with this their Tranflation, tho* they have done no more by the 
word snn in the Prophecy before us, and Mr. Dean of Norwich 
hath found' fault with them for that their Tranflatioa Tho* the 
fenfe be different in both places, yet the Tranflation in the re- 
ibeftive fenfe of each place is jiift, and accurate in both. And fu 
the figurative fenfe in Ezra which is the true fenfe there may 
fove CQ enforce the litter al fenfe in the Prophecy before ms, as be- 

^ 11 Of the truemeanif^bf thewordiof the 

log the true feafe thereof. And fi> the fede will run thus ffi 
tfaoi^ t?vo places: <i«s. that God washimfelf immediately a WALL 
i^a) inEzra^s time to his People* when at that time jirtfjakm be* 
mg without a 'uall they were a people naked^ and defencdeis; 
]but yet they were not fo to continue Icbfe for the fame God in 
liis good time would give unto them a WALL in the Utteral 
ftnie of the wonL as nere ptedided, and promised to Dimiel in 
this Prophecy. 

And lb I pafi on to a iecond argument ihewlng the Utte¥ai 
ienfe of this« and the other word^ now before us'in this Prophe-. 
cy> and that is 

2^. That the very Intention of the Aiigel in thefe words of re^ 
tmJmig Jerufalem Wall ami Stree$» as therein containing an anfwer 
from God to Darnel, the faid anfwer being founded doubtleis upon 
Darners prayer which immediately refpeded the Utteral Defolacion 
of Jerujalemy as it can therefore properly have no other than a Ut- 
teral meaning* is a convincing argument that thefe words muft noc 
be taken in a figurative^ but in a Utteral fenie. For here is plain- 
ly intended the buMngof-z City* which was formerly deftroyed> 
as It is evident as well from the immediate words or the Com- 
mandment, as from the whole Scope of the Prophetic Teict. 

For full fatisiadion in this matter> Let us here lay before oi 
fo much of this holy Prophet's prayer> as is neceflary on this oc- 
cafion. We have it in this (c) Chapter from the third to the 19th 
verfe inclufive. 

It is in general a Prayer for the Reftoration of Jerufalem. The 
greateft part of it is taken up by Darnel in a eenenl confedion 
of the fins of his People : Thofe their manifold Sins which there- 
in he confofleth were the caufe of God's juft judgement upon 
JerufiJem, Thefe are tlje Contents of it from verfi 3 to verfe 16. 
Then in that verfe Daniel more immediately begins to call upon 
God in behalf of Jerufalem in the following words* ver. i6y I fc- 
Jeech thee let thhte Anger, and thy Jury be turned away from thy City 
Jeru£dem: thy HOLT Mount mn [b), becaufe far^aur Sinsy andpr 
the iniquities rf our fathers, Jeru&lemj and thy fettle are became 
BEP ROACH to all that are about us. ver. 17. Caufe thy face to 
fiine ufon THTSANCTUART that is DESOLATE, ver. 1$, 
Behold our DESOLATIONS, and the C ITT 'which is caffd by 
thy name, 

Ver, 19 . — THTCITT and THT PEOPLE are called 

by thy name. 

Whoever reads what I have here tranfcriby,- cannot butt fee 
the then defolate ilate of Jerufalem in die very exprefi letter of 

The fame is in what foUoweth immediately made the fut>jied of 
grayer to God by Daniel, that he would regard^ and raUe her 

Cmmmulmmth REBUILD Jtmf^lcm: itj 

<Mt of this her Defdadon ; that is, that he would give Command- 
mmf for her IMtttktftg. For in all diis he vm prefenttMg his 
SMficafim hefm the Urdhb God fir the HOLT MOUNTAIN 
0f^M God, as we read ver. 20) that as it was now in ruins^ it might 
be rehnlt. God accordingly heard his Supplications. He heard 
Aem> and withal gave fignal teftixnony that he did hear them. 
He ient the Ansel Gdhrielj (the tnan Gahiel as he is call'd ver, 21. 
probably (o call d from his having put on a huthan appearance) 
to infirm him^ ami to talk ninth hhi$» as it is £iid ver. 22; and as 
it is fiid there aUbi to/bev} hi^; to (hew him that his prayer was 
heard : God by him fending; a vifion> which he was now to reveal 
unto Bamel by way of aniwer to the matter of it. 

The Viiion followeth in ver. 249 &c. 

Therein God was pleas'd to let Daniel know in general that He 
had confider^d hit Feefk^ and his holj City; and that JLXX Weeks 

nmre determined om them fir many grand Events relating to them 
which are mentioned in that verfe. 

And ver. 25. more particularly God was {deas'd to let Daniel 
know by way of immediate comfort> and iatisfadion to him un- 
der thofe his great concerns fignified as before in his prayer in 
his afiliding view of yerufalenfs litteral Defolation^ and therefore 
poured form unto God for her recovery out of that her defolate 
State> that (he fliould not long continue Co a Defilation: For (he 
fliouH be again REBUILT. A COMMANDMENT fliould go 
forth for duit veiy purpofe. A royal CommifCon ihould be grant* 
ed to God's people from a King of Ferfia^^'mg them full licence, 
and authority to rehM the n ow defolate Jeruf^em. By virtue of 
this Commandment her STREET ihould be htib again, and her 
WALL. And with itnmediate refeeft to the time when, that aUb 
fUlows> ttf«. that It £hould be hmb even^ in the kj/er rf the two 
periods ef time thcte mention'd; as the words have been above ex* 

This is the Anfwer which God was pleafed to give unto Daniel 
by his Angel in this Prophecv. And the words of me Angd as they 
are founded .upcm^ and givii immediately by way of anfwer to 
the fubjeA matter of his prayer^ they muft doubtleis be taken in 
die lame fenfe with diat. out it is as plain as any thing of this na« 
ture can be from the places above quoted out of D^iets orayeri 
that as to the Subjed matter thereof> viz. the then defolate ftate of 
Jerufikm, he fpake of her not in ^figurey but in the letter^ even in 
the letter of her Defdation» hti - litter ally lying wafte. Afki h^ 
paved to God ibr her in this immediate view? viz. that God would 
look on her, and brmg her out of thofe her ruinsj that is» that he 
would caufe her to be rdndb. So particularly^ ver. ii» Behold oar 
Defilathms» and the City : that is, our Defolate City. God, as we 
have ieen, did behold her : And in tefHmony thereof he feat his 
Atigel to Darnel with a Revdadon of this Prophecy^ 

I Tber^• 

114 Of the true meaning of thafe wards. Sec, 

Therefore as this was Danieh fenfe in his praver ; As he fpake 
liueraily of the Defolations of Jerufalcm, fo doubtleis the An- 
fwcr giv'n him from God by the^ Angel was recurn'd in the fame 

Indeed had the fenfe of DaniePs prayer lamenting the deiblatc 
(late of Jerufalem hetxxfiguraSivey then the words of the Prophecy 
before us ought alfo doubdeis to betaken in iich figurative knk'^ for 
both ought to be taken in one and the fame fenfe : becaufe the 
one is founded upon, and occaiion'd by the other ,* the words of 
the Angel in the Propheqr^ as I have here noted» immediately an- 
fwering the drifts and purpoie of DaniePs prayer. But the meaning 
thereof with refoed to Jerufalm was, as we have feen, not fs^a- 
tivey but litter aL Therefore this Prophecy which thereupon follow- 
ed as touching Jerufalem, and which was giv'n to Daniel, by way 
of immediate anfwer from God to him for his comforts and fatis- 
fadion under his then great trouble and afHidion for her oughts 
and muft therefore neceflarily be interpreted in the fame fenfe> 
viz. not in the fyurativey but in the litteraL It were indeed prepof* 
terous> and ablurd to imagin otherwiie. 

I hope therefore that Mr. Dean will not take it amifi* if I give 
my felf the liberty to return his words upon him> that whereas he 
hath affirmed fas above) that the 6ffxtmvc intmretathn rf the 
lixntds, and none othery fo on the other hand I affirm that this lit* 
tersl Jen fe and none either can be the true meaning of them. 

And fo upon the whole, I conclude that the here predided 
Commandment^ the rebuilding rf Jeruialem> even the Wall and 
the Streets thereof can be no other than a Conunandment for her 
rebuilding in a litter al fenfe. 

And withal I beg pardon of the Reader for having fo long dwelt 
upon the fenfe of diefe words : Which I hope that he will be the 
more ready to grant ma> when be (hall coniider that our farther 
proceeding abfoTutely required this the tme ftate of the meaning of 
thefe words in order to our true explication of the Weeks of this 
Prophecy : As this Explication, and every other Ukewife is in the 
firfl place depending; upon the true previous fenfe of them. 

But the Utteral Sxiie being thus eftablifhed as the true fenfe> I 
am now to fix the B^inning of the firft 7 Weeks of this Prophe- 
cy. And in order to that I muft in the next place confider when 
the Commandment to rebuiUJero&lem the nvall and the fireets there 
Of taken in fuch true Utteral fenfe did ai^ually go forth* And this I 
ibaU do 10 theltdbwlDg Chapter. 


pf the 4 CommandmentSy or ^ecrets^ 6cc. 1 1 i 


Shewing the four fever al Commandments, or De- 
crees which in their appointed feafons went forth 
in favour ^Jerufalem 5 andaljo which Command- 
ment of the four it was, which in the litteral 
nnd true fenfe thereof was the Commandment 
mention a in the Prophecy before us to have 
gone forth to t^xxCiA-Jerufalem WAL L and 
S TR E E TS : which Commandment was con- 
Jiquently the Commandment from the Going 
forth of which the fir ft VII Weeks of this Tro- 
phecy take their BEGINNING. 

HAving in the former Chapter eftabliilied the Btterai fenfe of 
the words of the COMMANDMENT which went firth 
to rebuild Jerufalem, our next bufihefs is to enquire what 
Commandments, and when fiich Commandments, did adually go forth : 
and then to fliew as we gp along what agreeablenefs there is be- 
tween them, or any of them, and the exprefs Character of tbeC^w^- 
mandment fpokenof in the Prophecy as fctting forth fuch /iz/CT-tf/ Re- 
building as therein predided. 

As therefore there were four, arid no more than four folemn 
Commandments to this purpofe, (as it hath been before noted) we 
will confider each of them at large in the order as they were grant- 
ed, and their Agreeablenefs, or Difagreeablenefs in their refpedive 
turns with the Commandment mention'd in the Prophecy before us. 

From which particular ConQderation, and Enquiry it will ap- 

Firft, negatively, which was not fuch Cvmmandtnsnt, or in othet 
words, which three of the four Com^nandments mention'd in the holy 
Scriptures at any time to have gone out from the Kings of ^erfa in 
favour of Jerufakm-y could not poffibly be the Cornm^ndment meant 
in this Prophecy. And 

Secondly, Affirmatively, which was really and truly that very 
Commandynent here predided that it fhould go firth to rehttiiJ JcruiZr 
lem, and when fuch Commandment did adtually go forth. 

Firft, It is here to be ihewn negatively which three of the four 
Commandments that are mention*d in Scripture to have gone firth in 
favour of Jerufalem cduH not be that Commandment here immedi- 
ately predided that it fliould go forth to re^v/A/ Jerufalem, theWAL L 
mdtheSTREE TS thereof. 

I 2 An^ 

ii6 Of the JtCommandmentSy cr^ecreeil 

And chefe three Commanimenfs, which were tx)C any of thetn thei 
Cofftmandments intended in this Prophecy> were in general the three 
firft of them; there being no manner of Agreeablenefi between the 
EXPRESS CHARACTER of the Prophetic Comnandmenty and 
the refpedive Matters, or feveral Commiffions granted id any of 
them : As will appear by confidering them particularly in meir 

Firft then of that Commandment^ or Jytcree which went forth in 
the firft year of Cyrus King of Verpa. That was not the Omtmand' 
vient referred to in this Prophecy? as is evident from the fiibftance 
of that Decree^ which I ihall therefore here give at laige> as we find 
ic in holy writ : even in the book of 'Evra: which in his account 
thereof> in the firft Ci^<^/^ of hisbook, isasfoUoweth^ovjc;. 

(Ver. I.) In thefirfi year cf Cyrus {that the word of the "Lard h 
the mouth cf Jeremiah (a) might be fulfilkd) the Lara fihred uf tM 
fprit of Cyrus King of Perfia> that he made a Proclamatum through* 
out all his Ktttgdom, and put it alfiinnvrithgy faying$ 

(Ver. 2.) Thus faith Cyrus King if Perfia, The Lard God of Hea^ 
ven hath g^'n me all the Kingdoms of the earthy and he hath (b) 
ihargedme to build him an Houfe at Jeruialemj tnhicb is i» Judah. 

CVer. J.) Who is there among you (f aU hs peopled His Godbeijntb 
himy and let him go up to Jerufalem, which is i» Judahj and build the 
Houfe of the Lord God of KraeL 

(Ver. 4.) ^nd whojoever remaineth in anyplace where bejojoumetb. 
Jet the men of his place help him with fuver^ and with gold^ and 
with goods y and with heafls, befides the free-nuiU offering for /ibe Houfe 
of God that is in Jeruialem. 

We read the like words in ^Chron, xxxvl 22^ 23. ib far as the 
words G O UP in the middle of the 3d verfe. 

This is the Proclamation of Cyrus King of '^erfa in favour of 
the Js^s. But it evidendy hath r^ard to the TEMPLE ac 
Jerufalem-^ and the TEMPLE oiUy. 

Cyrus himfelf here takes nothit^ more to himfdf than what im- 
mediately, and only regards the TEMPLE. So ver, 2. The Lord 
hath charged me to BUILD Him an HOUSE at Jerufalem. 

His immediate Licence to the j^ews to remm to Jerufalem re-- 
fpefts only their i»ii&rg the TEMPLE, wr.3. to buiU the HOUSE 
of the Lara, &c.-— And lb likewKe, ver. 4. Provifion is made for 
no other bnMng than that of the HOUSE rf GOD. 

Andih the record of Cyrus which was laid up at Ecbatana, and 
foug)2t for after, and found by Darius, of which Etara gives us an 
account {Ch. vi. 3.) there is no regard had to the building of the 
City, only the TEMPLE at Jerufalem. For fo we read, In the frft 
year of Cyrus the King, the fame Cyrus the King made a Decree con^ 
ceming the HOUSE rf GOD at Jerufalem, Lat the HOUSE be builds 
ed, the place where they offh^d Saarifices, and kt the foundatiom there* 
rf be ftrof^ly ISd, Qcc. 


V) Cfa. nr. i2. and X3dz. lOf C^} Il«ili» ch« xUv, a8. vid Hr, t2» ij. 

which went forth in favour ^Jcrufalem. 1 1 7 

So that by Cyrus here was only a fblcmn CammanJment or Decree 
UTued forth for the rebuMng the TEMPLE at Jerufalem. As God 
by his Prophet Ifuah had foretold of him, fo he being God's Inflru* 
meat (his Sheflirdzs he is called by God himfelf^ IjlHiv. 28.) did 
accordingly take it upon him to condud God's people home, as a 
Shepherd dodi his flock ^ that they might buiU an HOUSE for 
God {a). 

So that this COMMANDMENT of Cyrus refpeding only the 
TEMPLE oijerufakm, could not be the CommandmeTH immediate- 
ly referred to in this Prophecy, the EXPRESS CHARACTER 
whereof is to rebmU]ex\jMtm» (not the TEMPLE, as was the whole 
and fole Purpofe of Cyruses Decree, as we have now feen from the 
Contents of it, but) the City of Jerufalenh even the WALL and 
STREETS thereof, asare the EXPRESS WORDS of the COM- 
MANDMENT in theProphecv. Befides, as the firft feven Weekj 
of this Prophecy arc in me (b) fecond Period of thefe Weeks 
reckoned in a continued reckoning upon the LXII Weeks, after 
which the MESSI^m was to be CuT OFF. And whereas the 
faid 7 Weeks, and 62, Weeks muft neceffarily take their BEGIN^ 
NINGfrom the Gmg forth cf the COMMANDMENT to rebuild 
Jerufilem WALL and STREETS, diis being the EXPRESS CHA- 
RACTER whereunto we are pinned down in the Prophecy for fuch 
BEGINNING, It is evident from hence alfo that the COM- 
M-A^DMENT which went forth in favour of Jerufalem in the 
Jirfiyear cf Cyrus^ (vise in the year before the V. ./E. of Chrifiy 5 3(^5) 
can never be the COMMANDMENT referred to in this Prophecy ; 
forafmuch as no Reckoning of the 7 Weeks and 62 Weeks, or 4.8; 
Years by any kind of year whatfoever from that COMMAND- 
MENT or DECREE of Cyrus can ever be brought to reach this 
great EVENT of Chrifi's Death in the year of the V. iE. of 
Cbrifi 33. 

Neither can the Computation of thefe Weeks be begun from the 
going forth of that Commandment^ or Decree which was granted in 
ravour of Jerufalem by Darius King of "Per pa. 

Now whereas there were three fongs of Perfia of that name, i;/2;. 
Darius Hyfiajpis, Darius Nothusy and Darius Codomannus, It might 
here be en(]|uir'd whk:h of the three he was who granted ^)&Decree, 
But this bemg of very litde purpofe to us in the cafe now before us. 
And whereas the learned Dr. rrideaux hath fufficiendy proved {c) 
that' it was D^iusHyftaJ^s^ and that it coukl be no other who granted 
this fecond DECREE in favour of the Jews, the Reader may there- 
fore be pleafed to acquiefce in it. And anyone that defireth farther 

I 3 latii^ 

(«) At for tbae other Text In Ifaiabt ch. xIt. la. wherein k U (aid of Cjfrnf al(b, 
diat he flkUl hmld my Ctty» I ftaiH have occafion to fpeak particularly to that hereafter; 
St it wat no other than confequeotial upon building of the Temple. And Cjrns took no 
manner of notice of it therefore, u hit great and p^indpai concern was only for 
Che Temple, or Hmfi •/ Ot^ (*J ^^ a^v^* (0 ^°* Hift. Vol. i. 

1 1 8 Of the j^ Commandments^ or 7)ecreeSf 

fatdsfadlion herein I refer him to Mn Deait^s excellent book if thi 
Connexion of Hiftory, &c. in the place before noted. 

Now that this DECREE granted by Darius iiyflajpis (in the 24 
of his reign according to fbme> in his 3d according to others, and 
in his 4th according toothers) could not be the COMMAND- 
MENT or DECREE referred to in this Prophecy, is evident from 
the fame reafons whereby it was juft now fnewn that the former 
Commandment or Decree granted by Cjrus could DOC be the Ommait4* 
mcnt of the Prophecy. For 

Firft, The fubftanceof this Decree was the (amewith the former- 
It related only to the TEMPLE, the continuation of the huil&Hg 
thereof: not as doth the COMMANDMENT in the Prophecy to 
the huMng Jerufalcmy the WALL and STREETS of it. 

This evidently appears from the DECREE it felf, which as wo 
find it in the (ixth chapter of the book of Ezra is as followetbj^ 
{ver. I.) Darius the King made a DECREE-^ [Here is giv'n an oct 
count of his fear ch after Cyms his Decree, and of that Decree alfoy ver. 
2, 3, 4, 5. And next his order thereupon to the Jews Adverfaries, /* 
give the Jews no farther t&fiur bonce, ver. (J. which is the Introdu(^ion 
of this DECREE : Then/olloweth the DECREE it felf.] 

(Ver. 7.) Let the vmk of this HOUSE of God alane^ Let the G<h 
vernaur of the Jews and the Elders of the Jews build this Houfe of 
God in his place. 

r Ver. 8 ) Moreover I make a DECREE tuhat ye fbatt. do to the 
Eld?rs of theCe Jews for the building of this HOUSE of GOD'^ that of 
the Kings Goods, even of the tribute bejond the River, fvrthwith eX" 
fences he giv^n unto thefe men that they be not hindred. And 

(Ver. 9.) That ivhich they have rseed of, both young bullocks and 
rams, and lambs far the burnt Ofjerir^s of the God of Heaven, vjheat, 
fait, %uinej and oil, according to the appointment of the Priefts, which 
are at Jerufalem, let it be giv*n them day by day ivithout fail. 

(Ver. \o ) That they may offer facrittces of fnueet favours unto the. 
Cod of Heaven, an^ fray for the life oj the King, and of his Sons. 

(Ver. 12.) And the God that hath caufed his name to itwell there. 
deflroy all Kings and people that fhall put to their hand, to alter and to 
DESTROT this HOUSE of GOD, which is at Jeni^em. J Darius 
have mds. a DECREE, let it be done wi^h fpe^d. 

This DECREE was fent by Darius to the Govemours beyond the. 
River (ver. 6.) And in purfuance, and execution thereof, the Elders^ 
of the ]t^vs buildcd.y And they proffered through the prophefying of 
Haggai the Prophet, and Zechariah the fon of Iddo. And they build- 
ed^ and finifhed it (zhe TEMPLE) even the HOUSE of GOD, which, 
wasfinijhed on the thrrdday of the month Adar, which was in thefxth 
year of.therejgn of Darius theKing : As we read exprefllyat the 14th 
and 15 th v^T^x of this Csr//^. 

So that here we have the DECREE of Darius in favour of Je^, 
Tufalem from the Beginning to the End of it. But as we fee through- 
out, it related only to the BUILDING the HOUSE of God at 



which went forth in favour of ]ttii(i!Lcm. ii^ 

Jerufdm, and to the making provifion for thefacrifices thereof. It 
QOQXXxdd^Jtrufakm not in the leaft, as to the rebuilding her WALL, 
a^STlREETS. Therefiwe it could not be theCOMM ANDMENT 
referr'd to by the Angel in the Prophecy before us. 

Nor could it be to, 

Secomify, fiecaufe as in the former Computation as to Cms his 
DECREE, fo here no Computation of the VII Weeks, and LXII 
Weeks, or 483 years in continued reckoning, taking the fame from 
the DECREE granted by Darius (whether in his 2d, or 3d, or 4th, 
it matters not here which) can ever reach the CittHng of the Mffiah 
in the year of the V. JE. of Cbrifi 33 : As it ought to do in the 
ca& before us, diat being the Grand Event of the £iid 7 Weeks, 
and 62 Wdfeks, or 483 years, as it will be (a) hereafter fliewn. 
For Dariuf Hjfiajpis bcpn his reign in the year before the V. -^. of 
Cbri^ 521. So that exclufive of the 33 years, from thence {viz,. 
from theiE. V Chriftii) 'vHChriJPs death, the faid 7 Weeks, and 6z 
Weeks, or 483 years are already much exceeded. 

But fhould anyone think with Scahger, that Darius Nothus granted 
this fecond DECREE in favour of Jerufalem, and not Darius Hy* 
fiafik, the anfwer in this cafe is on the other fide, viz.. not as to 
excels, but defed or want of coming up to the preciCe time of the 7 
Weeks, and 6% Weeks, or 483 Years, which according to the Pro- 
phecy before us were to intervene between the going forth of the 
therein mentionM COMMANDMENT, and the CUTTING OFF 
the Mefjiah, For Darius Nothus began to reign fo late as in the 
year bdFore the V. &, of Chrift 423. 

Befides, As the Onnmandment or Decree granted by Darius was not 
in his firft year, fo here would be a farther Defed of one, or two, 
or three years, juft as one fhould fix the going forth of the faid Com-* 
mandment-i or Decree either to the fecond, or eue the third, or other- 
Wife to the fourth year of his reign. 

And as to the lafl of the three Dariui's» viz. Darius Codomannusy it 
is certain that it could not be He who granted this Decree. For 
the Defed would be flill greater as to him, than we have obferv'd 
it to be as to Darius Nothus : forafmuch as that Darius Codmanms, 
did not begin to reign till the year before the V. iE. of Cbrifi 335. 

3dly, Can the Computation of the VII Weeks be begun from 
that Conmandment or Decree which went forth in favour of Jerufalem 
in the 7th year of (b) Artaxerxes (Lmtpmanus) King of Ferfa. As 

I 4 will 

(4) FiiJt. When we treat of the ending of the 7 Weeks, and 62 Weeks, as the A/rA 
Jtab by ttis Prophecy was to be cut off precifely after the feid 7 Weeks, and 62 Weeks 
reckoned from the going forth ok theCoomanament to rebuild Jernfaltm. {b) '^.^'^® 
having been 3 ^Artaxerxes* s as wdl as 3 Daritts's, which according to ancient Hifto- 
rilns reign'd over the Empire oi the ferRans, viz. Artax. Longtmannst Artax, Mnnmn^ 
and Artax. Ochmt i it might therefore have been enquired here which of the three it wai 
rt»at granted this Decree to Ezra, in his 7th 1 and another to Nehemiah in his acth. 
9uc &e icaraed Mr. Dean of Ntrwckf (p. 379) having (hewn that the Artax. who 

i 20^ ' Of the 4 CafmnandmetUSy or ^eerees^ 

will evidently be oude to appear fiom the fbUowiag Confident 
tions, vi%. 

Firft, The ChaiaAer of die G>nuniflioci bjr him granted toX«rj 
is inno wife agreeing with the Charafler of the C ^m mi m dm e i a lefiai^d 
to in the Propheqr. 

The Cbarader referred to in the Pfopheqr is the rehttUn^ Jtm^ 
falem; But the Gommifllion granted to Ezra evidendy refoeds the 
TEMPLE : and that oolyin theEndowment of it : It hath not any 
theleaft refped to the C3TY of Jerufalemy to the building either 
the WaUy or the Streets thereof,* aswitndfi the Decree it ielf> as it is 
here tranfcrib'd outof the yth Chapter of die Book of Ezra. 

(Ver. II.) Now this is the Copy of the Letter tbst the Kmg Ar* 
taxerzes^iiw msto Ezra the Trkfty &c. f 

(Ver. 12.) Artaxerxes Kmsg; ef Kingsy ussto EmthePrieS, aferiio 
of the. Law of the God of Heavemy ferfiS peace, assd at fuch atime. 

rVer. 13.) Itnake a lieaetthat aU thej of thepeofle of Ifirad^ omJ 
of his Prieftsy am/Levites iM wf Beabssy tohicb aremmkaof their owm 
Jreo'^Uto go tf to Jeruiidem,x0 'uv/^ ^hee. 

(Yer. 14) Forafamch as thw art font of the JliMsg» aiai ef Ins fivom 
Counfilbrs, to ettfuire eomermi^ Judah> tfW Jeruialem accortbig to the 
law if thy God, whiehis ta thine hamL 

(Ver. If.) And to earrj the Silver and Cdld» ntjbich the Kk^ aai 
his CounfeUors have freefy offered onto the God if Ifiaet vJfoJe HaUta^ 
tkm is in Jbufidem. 

(Ver. Id.) And aU the Silver and Gold that then canfifind in aU 
the Province cf Babyloni vnth the free-will ofirini rf thofoople, and 

JfthePriefis, offisring ndlbsgljfor the Hodk rf their Godwhich is in 

(Ver. 17 ) That then nugfi hnyffeeMy with this money hulbchy 
ramsy lamps, with their meat OfiringSy and their drink Ogerinp, and 
offer them upon the Abar rf the Houfe rf yoar God which it iss 

(Ver. 18.) And whatfiever Jhall feem good to thee, and to thyBre^ 
then to do with the reftrf the Silver and Go|d« that doafterthewill 
pf youf God 

(Ver. 19.) 7*tf VefTels alfo that are grtfn thee far thejervice rf the 
Houfe of thy God, thofe deliver thou Mire the God ^ Jerufidem. 

(Ver. 20.) Andwhatfievermorejbailhe neeMdfor the Houfe rfthy 
God, which thou /halt hs^ occafonfo befiowy pejlow it out rftheKh^ 
freafite floufe. 


granted thefe Dectees wat oemisly he who vm cotempoiarjr with EHilM the High- 
Prieil of (he Jf^St he being Hifh-Priefl ac the time (Neb. xii. xo> 22) when iVr««<r 
mi4Ui came to Jermfalem with hit Decree; and whereas this lame Attaaeerxtt could be no 
otfaer than Artax* Lmgmmms who reign'd immediately after Xtrtcts over the Berjuot 

Em^rei our Enquiry on this Account is truly needleis. 1 only ad4 here that no rec'r 

Zoning upwards trom the death of CMfi to the going torth of the Commandment in 
Che 20th of ATt4Pfx$s acxording to the Proph^ l^rfore us can pqipUy meet the (ai^ 
aodi ip ^ feign of any other ^toaermti than that pf Ar$9f(s% iM^imaimt* 

which went forth in favour of JcrufalemT 12? 

(Ver. 21.) Aifd I, evm I Amxerxes tbe Kmg do make a Decree 
'f§ dUthe TVtafurers which are bejandthe rivery that wbatfiever Ezra 

thePriefi, thefmbeef'theLaweftheGodifHiaftmJbaUfefmr^ef 
jm^ $t be dm ffieMj. 

(Ver. 22.) Ihtfo am hundred talents of filver> and t^ am hundred 
fma&res rf vJbeaf, ami to an hw^dtei baths afwme, amdto amhwch 
died batht ef oil, amlfak vjiihoitt frefcribing hovimiKh. 

(Ver. 23.) Whaipevet h commanded by the CAdofHeavemy Let H 
be Mgentfy done, fir the Hoo&rf the Godcf HediHn: firwfyfionld 
there be nvrath again§t the reabnif the Kmgy aJdtnsfimI 

(Ver. 24.) A^o vje certifie you that tending any ^ the Friefis, and 
Levitef, Sh^ert, PorterSy Nethinhnt, or Mmfiers ef this Fiouie of 
God, stfiallnotbe lawful to smfote toll, tribntoy or euftom s^them, 

(Ver.2«.) Andython Ezra, mer the vnfdom cf thy Gody that isim 
thhse hand, fet MagjfiraSeSy and Judges nmch may^^idge all the fotfk 
that are beyond the Siver, aUfucbas know the laws ef thy God; And 
teach ye them that know them not. 

(Ver. %6.) Andwhojoever nvill not do the law ef thy God, and the 
law if the Khtg, let judgement be executed fieedily ofon him, whether it 
be unto deatby or to basdfbment, or to coftpjcation ef Goods, or to m-' 
ff ifon ment. 

This is the DECREE of Kii^ Artaxerxes granted unto Ezra in 
the feventh year of his reign. The £une gives full liber^ to the 
yews to rtt}mi to yerujalem, ver. i j. 

It exempts all & Prieftsj and Levites> and the reft mentioned) 
V^. 2^ the Mmffiers of the Houle ef God from toll, tributoy andcn^ 
fiom. It makes immediate provifion for the TEMPLE^ fbr the en^ 
dowment thereof^ even for the endowment of the HOUSE ef tbo^ 
QOP ef Hfaven, ver. 23. 

This is the main intent» and purpofe of it> ver. i^, i6y xjy 1^ 
20> ^^y 23. 

Ezra himfelf feeaksof it as fucb^ 

(Ver. 27.) Elefled be the lord God ef our Fathersy which hath put 
fuA a tlni^ as this in the Kh^s heart, to beautifie the HOUSE eftho 
ZXi'KP wtifh if 1^ Jeru&lem. 

As therefore the Contents of this DECREE do evidently relate 
to the TEMPLE: As they do not in the leaft anfwer to the EX« 
«K6. the buiMng fff jEWJSALEMy the JPAIsL and S^TREETS 
diereof> as there is not any the Icaft Licence allowed fbr> nor 
mention dierein made of fuch BmLbtg, It is f]x>m hence fufficient- 
ly evident that this could not be the COMMANDMENT refen'd 
to in this Prophecy .r —Nor could it be fb^ 

Secondly, Kgrsjimuch as the E£feds of Esurd^ Commiffion confe-^ 
quent thereupon do not in the leafl anfwer to the EXPRESS CHA* 
RACTER erf the prophetick COMMANDMENT, vi%. the lit- 
tend expefs OmaSer of Bmldmg ^erula|em# tho W^ taid Streets 

**b*-:*« ^ 

izz Of the 4 CommmdtnmU] or Decrees^ 

Far not withftandiDg the great things that He did as a Scribe teani^ 
gjiff the lofWy and TSzFriefiy after his coining to J^n^^^nr with thia 
Coitou(&on» notwidifbuiding his reviviqg> and reftoring, and efb^ 
Ulfiiing the Jewtfb law and worihip^ which bad been in a manner 
cxtin^iiftied* and loft in the B^yhiti/b Capdvitv; notwidiftanding 
hs m^y rq;iilation of the many great difotaers aid cooiu&xia 
ygUdi he found amoi^ them upon bis coming to Jerufalem, not* 
withftaoding bis lealous Reformation of the manners of God's necv 
fle> FuiaUy>notwithftanding all that he did either inQiurch, or State 
ly virtije of das GoiUmifSon granted Um by T^jD^Artaxerxes in the 
Tthyorof Usre^o^ yetftiU in allthis the end of the Conmumdment 
wfaicb is inmiediatdy reierr'd to in this Prophecy was in no wife ML-* 
filed. BecauTe aocwithftandii^ aU diefe great and mu^ty thfaigs 
done bf this holy and learned man> notwithftandingaU m goodOm^ 
pMimsy yet ftOI Jerufakm was without her SHn, [Her lf^33 

without hcr!lin!l, [Her Sf reefs} ftill in Ezn^s time in a defence* 

Ids condition for want of the former> ftill in a naked condition fbf 
want of the latter. And thus difmanded as (he was» ihe was ftiK a 
KBFROACH to aM her Enemies round about her. 

Nor cotrfd it beotherwife with her> notwithftanding any thing that 
coidd be done by virtue of this Commandment granted to Ezra: 
diere being nothing at aU therein enabling or empowering him to 
take & oft^ by rebuilding Jeru&lem, Wall and Streets: foralmuch as 
we baye above ihewn from the Letter thereof> that the fame imme* 
^ateljr reipeded the Temple onIy> and the endowment of it. 

Nor> Thirdly, Gxild this Cammaniment mnted to Ezra be the 
Commandment referr'd to in this Prophecy, forafmuch as no Reckon- 
ing upwards of the VII \yeeks and LXII Weeks, or 49 Years, and 
4J4 years [or in conjoined reckoning of 483 years] from the death 
if Chritt can ever be brought by any reckoning whatfoever to find 
Ae jtb ej Artaxerxes in which year Ezra had his CommifEon. For 
that ^tfte year, inz, the 7/A of Artaxerxes anfwers to the year be- 
fo^tteV.iE. o^Chrift 458 (a)\ But adding thereunto oiily vx fiiU 
years of Chrifl^ It mA:es full 490 Years, which is one whole Week, 
orfcven full years above the 7 Weeks, and 6z Weeksj|.or 483 yearsj^ 

{A Trnly fb according to Ptoten^*s Canon* and in Dr, Prtdeam^ reckoningj 
WfioK Year of the Julian Period anfwering to the laid fcventh of ^Artaxerxes is there- 
lore the year 42 j^. And could the whole feventy Weeks of this Prophecy* or any of 
them dace their beginning from the 7 th of jirtaxerxtst they rauft certainljr be begun 
with Dr. frideaMxi^om the faid year of xiitJtiUan Period, even becaufe it is the year 
^lereof correfponding with the 7 th of Artaxerxes according to Ptolemfs Canon. And 
1 do therefore note this here on account of Mr. L, his unreaibnable departure from Pto^ 
Aw^'s Canon in his- fix years difference from it, and Dr. prideauxy in the faid 7tb of 
Artaxerxes, For whereas Dr. Prideanx who ends the whole 70 Weeks in the death of 
Chrifi hath b^n them in the 7th of ^Artaxerxes in his Jutian year now meruion'd 
thereunto truly correfjpondingi Co Mr. L* who ends only fixty nine Weeks> and one 
Ittlf of the feventieth Week in the death of Chrifi, hath b«gun them alio in the 7th of 
Artaxerxes, but ior the &ke of his Hypothefis» in another Jmlian year by him made to 
corref^nd with the faid feventh, viz., the vezr of the Jmiian Period, 425'o. The Pro- 
phecy >s evidently againft them both in fuch beginnings and in iuch efluiiog of th^ir re-» 

whfcb went forth in faviwr of ]cxii£Acxn. lij 

nvUch, according to the Prophecy^ CJbrift was to be CUT 
OFF. But of this more in its proper place, when we come to treaC 
immediately concerning the Begiftmng of the 7 Weeks, and 6% 
Weeks. However we cannot but take notice of this juftObjediioa 
here> becaufe as it is there an Aigumentagainft the Begjnmf^oi the 
6^ Weeks reckoned together, ib it is here equally agsiinft i^itBegmm 
mtg the firft 7 Weeks of thofe 69 Weeks from the jth nf Ar« 
taxeixes ^ forafmuch as both thofe Penods have one and the &mQ 
Besmtmg> as it hath been already obferv'd by us in our entrance 
upon this work; aod alio fbrafinudi as thofe two periods, and thole 
two periods only were according to the Prof^ecy before us to 
have their End in Chriffz death, as it will befuUy (hewn hereafter. 

The Unaptneis, and great Uncertainty oSyiYadti figurative Beginning 
of thefe Vn Weeks will be yet farther apparent^ when I come here- 
afoor to confider their Ending alib> even in Dr, Prideaux^s ovmfigi^ 
ta$m Ending of them in correipoodence with thishis figurative Be« 
ginning of them. 

However from what hath been now (aid on this occaiion, it may 
perhaps be already fufficiendy evident that the 6x& ?even Weeks oS 
this Prmhecy widi which We are now immediately concern'd^ can^ 
pot pombly have their Beginning from the yth of Artaxerxes. 

As therefore It was before fliewo that the fakl VII Weeks cannot 
poflibly takp their Beginning from thofe other Commandmeuts or D^« 
€r9e$ which went forth in favour of Jerufalem faSt by Cyrus^ after- 
wards by liariusy and as we have now ihewn that they cannot rkht- 
ly be begun from that Commandment or Decree which went forth in 
the yth ^ Artaxerxes, the Contents of this, and of thofe Commif^ 
(ions in no wife anfwering to the Bxprefs CharaSer of the Com- 
mandment to which we are pinn'd doMm in the Prophecy before 
us> viz.. the CharaBer of the Gwng forth <jf the Ornmumdment to re- 
huild Jeru&lem> Wall, and Streets, there being not any the leaf]: 
Scripture foundation for the fame, nor (as I have aUb inewn) any 
other fufScient grounds either from the fenfe of the words> or from 
any thing elfe thereunto inducing^ we may now have done with the 
firft thing propps'd above to be fhewn under this Confideration» 
namely ue Negative^ or which three of the four Commandments or 
D^^ee/mentioQ'dby Ezra» ^d Nebemiah, by one, orother of them* 


fpe£tive Periods of thefe Weeks. But there is this efpecially Ifing againft Mr. L. hit 
beginning of his period) that he hath evidently departed from Ftplemy'i Canon as above» 
Imic indeed without any fiifficienc flt)und for it : This might b^ fhewn here> now lam 
treating of the b^inning of the firft feven Weeks of this ^opbecy* But whereas Mr. L, 
bath taken no notice in his treatife immediately of either uie beginning, or ending of 
f he (aid firft feven Weeks* andbatb begun his period of fixty nine Weeks* and a halFy 
which he makes to end in the death of Chrift from his 7th of Artaxerxes in a groundlefs 
prefiimption of correding Pflemy's Canon, I fhall poftpone what I have to lay on this 
occafion to the &cond part of this treadfey wherein I am to fet forth the Prophetic 
beflnning and cndirig of the feven Wedks> and fixty-two Weeks oi this Prophecy; 
which fixty-nine Weeks in the exprels Letter thereof) as they do certainly end in the 
death of Chrijl, £0 they do neceilarily b<gin not in any yth of ^rtaxerxesy but really 
in the twenneth of that King's reign, according to Fflairfi Canon in the fiire iccoan( 
^ (Me ^es by him (bereio ^v'n us. ^ 

1X4. Of the + Commandments] or ^eereesl 

to have gone forth in favour of 7ffnv/&6)By couldnotbe the Commgiii* 
flKiiiiefayd to in dus Piojtecy. 

I am to Aew^ 

StcomSu in the Afl&mative> which was Aac OmmumJtment or 
CrhM/ wnich of all others is moft likely to be i;hat expreflly ipokeit 
€x& or referred to in the Propheqr: or when was truly the GMirs)^/i& 
igf the Commandment to reMUJeruBicau Wall ioul Streets. And 
ttis from what hath been before iidd on this matter is fdf-evklent. 

For> fince as it hath been (hewn> there were but four Commamf' 
wmtts eranted in fayour of yerufikm bv die Kings of Ferfa, from 
one of which die Computadon of thefe Weeks muft doubdels be 
b^;mi; And fince> as it hath been alfo fhewn» they cannot take 
their Computation from any of the former three Commamlmentf, 
alreadr mendon'dj Hence it necef&rilj|r fbUows that the VII Weeky 
noiw before us muft have their Beginning from that other Cmn 
mmJmem which went forth after th(% three which preceded it> viz. 
liom that Omm4mdmm$ which nvettt firth to retmla Jeru&km, tho 
WaD mtd Streets thereof , in the 20th year of Artaxerxet {Lmffma^ 
anv) King of Terfia. 

And herein we are confirmed) as there is ajperfed 'Agreement 
between the Prophedc CammmtJmemt and ^ Commiffion which 
l>y King Artaxerxet was then granted> and ifliied out to Nehemab 
me Ttr(hatha> or Goyemour^ beyond what can pol&Uy be found 
in any of the three other Grants/or Commandments above-tnendon'd f 
Aofe Grants, (as it had) been foUy ihew'd in the opening of thep) 
lefpedkig only theTemple, that of Cyrus the build^ c^ it, that of 
l>armt the continuation of the building, that dE Artaxerxet in the 
Ttb year of his rekn« the Endowment of it; whoreas this in die 
actb of the faid lung's reign was the only one whidi immediatdy 
refpeaed the CITY of Jerufakm, and the hdhfo^ ef her'W^ axd 
Streets : which were accordingly rebuilt by Kehendab in purfinnce of 
die ^id Commiffion then granted to him. 

A perfcdr Agreement here, between the Pkophecy and diisCom-* 
miffioo. Not an imif;inary one only, as Dr. Prideaxx conceives it 
tobe(it)> butare^Utteral4!igT^^/«w/;: As the matter of faft in an 
cxad and full completion oJF the Prophetk Commandment by N^ 
kmuJ) in die letter of it abundandy demonfhates. 

The Prophetic CormumJmemt (as I have lai^dy fhewn) muft be 
talker in a utteral fenfe. But taken in fuch Stteral fenfe fuch Com* 
nandmeTgt never did go forth before the 20th of Artaxerxet. Then 
it adualty dkl goforw\ to the foil empowering Nebefniah to rehM 
Jeru£Jem> ///WaD ^mf Streets: As is fully evident from Nehemiah'& 
redtion to the King; on this occafion, and the King's free Grant 

For NehmiaFs Pedcion was that Khtg Artaxerxes vxmUfinJ bm 
emto Judab> unto the CITT ef his father's Sepihbre» that he tmght 


(tf) Com Hiftf p. 8.87. L 19, 

which went f^th in favour ofJcmTA^ i^y 

BUILD U. <Neh. zl 5.) And alfi that theKinis Letter nnght b 
g^'n tinh ««^^ Afaph the Keeper ef the Km^^s forefi, that he im^ 
gjfve Inm timber to make beams pr the gates ef the Fala$e nvhkh jf^ 
fertameth to the Htmfe ; and fir the Wall of the City; \19dfir tig 
Hauje that he^bould enter into. And the K^ Granted him accordhf 
to the good ha$d of bis Godufon him, ver. 8. 

So &it nothioj^can be plainer than that diis Petition of NehemiJif, 
and the King's Grant thereupon immediatdy refpeded the Qty of 
^rufakm, and the bmLbng thereof^ the ypr\» the depopulated^ waftQ» 
broad and ^dous places or Streets thereof as they had boea A 
made by the Babjbmansy and fo remain'd 'till Nehettdaifs now com- 
ing thither^ (v«r.5.) and the SHH^ the Wall of the City^ of wUdi 

Ihe had been by them alio difinantled, and ftill was ^ till dus mac 
Reftorcr of both under God now came with a Commandment mm 
the King of Terfia for that very end and purpo&> ver. 8. 

And this is me very fubftaoce dt the Prophetic Comnoand-^ 
ment before us. The end of die guH firth of that was for the 
rebmldfug efjcni&km, the Wall* and Streets thereof: The £une u 
here the matter of Nehennalfs Petition, and the Kioj^s immediate 
Grant, or Order tbereupon.i And this great and coniummate Co* 
vemour fiilly executed the royal Command. In purfuance there* 
of he preiently went up to the Gfy of his fiahers^ and forthwith 
iet upon this his defired work of reMUng it. And with wluc 
prudent condud, widi what unufud application, with what aftoniih- 

a|[ difeatch the WaUefJerufikm was rcixiilc* and the rebuildinc 
o or her Streets how efiedually it was i»x>vided for# and puc 
forward hjNehemiab by virtue of dbis Order by him obtained from 
the King of Perfih the (4s)Hifh>ry thereof as recorded by this iaidi- 
fill Hiftorian> as well as able Statefinan, abundandy teitifies. And 
thcnrefbrein sllreafonitis to bebencecoodudedduitmeCami^^ 
granted to Nehemiah hjAttaxerxes (i/mgimanus) King of Perfia in the 
aothyear of his rekn for ]thefi«i£lr/yjJeru£Jem« theWSl^andtheStx^ts 
/ikra^is the very Prophetic Commandment novfhekxeus. And con&- 
quenay as fuch it is the Commandment, from the gung firth wher&* 
of die VU Weeks now ioomediatdy under confideracioq are necet 
&rily to date their beginmng. 

And this being; thus fttded* I m^t therefore now according to 
my propos'd memod proceed imme&itely to oonfider &e Emb^ of 
the laid VU Weeks* had not Dr. Prideann here thrown an Ol^'ec- 
tion in the way againft this Commandment being the Prof^etic Gdsmh 
mandment, by imagining (b) and arguing for a twofold difierenc 
CommiiHon granted to Nimmiah, the One for the rebuilding of the 
Wallj the other for the rebuildkig the Qty of Jerufalem^ and at* 
fo had he not eliewhere {c) urg'd other Obfei&k>ns a^linft the fame. 
I muft therefore a while fulposd my iard^r pioceeding 'till I fliali 


(«) Ni£. ch. ir, a, vii, vAA (n C^fhimf. ». 3^7^ tad i6h (0 F" 

1 2 <f ObjeBions anfwet'i. 

have confider'd, and replied to thcfe ObjeSions ,• which that I ma^ 
do the more fiilly, and diftiodly, I (hall throw fthem tM;ether, and 
make them the immediate Subjed of the railowing Ghaptet. 


Whetetn ate conJtder% and anfwer'd ©r. Pride- 
aux'j ObjeSiians to the beginning of thefe Weeki 
from the twentieth Tear of Artaxcrxcs CLongi- 
manus]l King of Pctfiai 

IT was ftiewn in the foregoing Chaptei' that the firft feven Weeki 
of this Prophecy muft date thdr beginning from the gomg forth 
oftheCmmandmmtt9rehmU]crd3icm; viz. from that very 
Commandment whidh in the true litteral (a) fcnfe thereof werit 
forth from King Artaxerxcs ht the xoth year af bis reig^ with his fiiU, 
and exprefi Licence, Piote<9tion, and Authority to tbbemiab for the 
rebuilding the Walk, and Streets of that Qty. ^ ,^ ^ .^ , . 

But here the learned Mr. Bean hath put a mce, but if I miftake 
not, a needlefi and groundlefe Obfervadon id our way, as if the 
Commandment granted to Nehemah by King Artaxerxes (at thci 
imlding Jerufalem, the W^, and Streets therecf, was not one and 
the fame Commandment: or in other words, as if there were 
two Commandments for the fime, the one for the buiWng the 
Wally the other for the hmU&ng the Qty of Jerufakm : and as 
if Nehemiah after that he had hilt the Ifall in die 20/A rf Arta- 
xerxes, went then back again to the King, and obteiny a newCom- 
miffion for the building of the Streets of Jerufalem, and which he did 
not execute till the next year, viA. the aij? rf Artaxerxes. 

And this Suppofition Mr. Dean hath fupported by tdling us (h); 

Firft, That the TIME fet Nehemiah by the King ^mhen he firfi 
obtained to be fent to Jerufalem, as exfrefed in the Texty plainly hn^ 
piyrtt a SHORT TIME, and not that rf twelve years {after 
%Mch he again went unto the King) as fame do interpret H. 

But as to this, the Reply is eafy, t^. that it is certain that thia 
can never be proved from the Text, how PLAINLY foever Mr. 
Bean may think it there immted: 

The time rf 12 Tears as Mr. Bean obferves fome do interpret to 
be the time fit Neheniiah by the King (and here I obferve that 
the Generality of Interpreters are of this opinion) is much more 
tlinnli immted in the Text. For as it is evident (from mhent. 
eh ii 6.) that upon his petition to King Artaxerxes^ the King fet 
bhnatme^ when he was now by his rcyal permiffion to goto>-. 


(*) A» it WW ih«wa In th^Uft Chapter but on«, W p'. ^fi^. C«n. Bfii 

rnjakm, (b it ia certain that from tbaf time fit him by the King, te 
nuas mack GavemoMr m the land </ Judah. But this was«» the oxstb 
wf Artaxerxes. For as we read {ch. v. 14,) He was affwnted t9 fa 
Qavemomr m the laMJefJudabfrom tie 20tb rf Amxerxes : And » 
it there immediately K)11ows» he was fo ai^)ointcd; even unto the Pqm 
4md thirtieth year ef Artaxerxes the King, that k, twelve yean. Ao 
coiduigly He ftaid out this his afpmtei time* For noc 'till the expi* 
ntioa thereof and hb Gommiflion with it, then, and not before^ 
for any thing that can poffibly be found to the Contrary va thi 
Text> he retum'd to the 'Perhme Court. For thus we read {c&. 
xiii. 6) that in the Pwo ami thirtieth year rf Artaxerxes King ef Ba- 
bylto> He came mUo the King. But we no where find that he 
went back before this time. Nor is it in the leaft likely that he 
fliould go back before, for anv thing that there is in Mr. Deaths 
next reafon for the fending Nebemiah back for a new Commiflioa 
to huUdthe fireett of Jerulalem ^er that he had buik the IV^ 


Secondly* hecaufe He affekated Gavermwrt ef the City m fitm at 
the walls were built. And this (adds Mr. T>eaH) EVIDENTLT im^ 
flies that be wen$ hack frem thence^ and was ahpnt fir feme time. 
For had he fiill cmtiaued at Jeruiakm, he would not have needed 
any Deputies to govern the place. 
. Now a& touching this reaibn* It is certain (from Neh. vu. 2.) 
that the Government of the Qty here fo much infifted on by Mr. 
I}ean as giVn by Nebemiah to perfons by him thereunto appointed 
wis in truth nothing eUe but a Charge about fiutting andopemng the 
Gates rfJexQ&ltta^ and the keying watch and ward on the towers^ 
and walls now fet up again by Nebemiab. For to this purpofe we 
x&id (in the place jufl now mention'd; that Nehemiah gave his bro- 
ther Hanani> and Hananiah the Eukr cf the Falace CHARGE 
over Jeru£dem : Which Charge was as followeth {ver. 3.) Let no$ 
the Gates cf Jeruialem be opened until the Sun be hot: and while 
they [a) fiand hp Let themftmt the Doors, and bar them, and at^ 
point Watches of the Inhabitants ef Jeruialem^ Every One in his 


. (4} While thejr fiand by — ^^is adhm ftrfentUms* (C^. yeif>-*--Keoapc H«- 
WiOfU, and Hauaniah, (Grot.) 

This was indeed a troublefome Office (or men of Hich rack and quality as we may (up* 
^fe thele two here named to be> the One of them bdne brother to the Governour > the 
Other the Ruler of the Palacei {^Neh. vii. 2.) to fee to toe daily execution of it in their 
own peHbns. But if tfcey did, we (hould the le(s wonder, when we confider the prefenc 
flateof Jermfalemt as the ftri^ft faithfulnefs, vigilance, and cartfiilnefs for her Security 
V/2S fiiil neccfiary. And ic was no dlTparagement for the mod honourable perlbns under 
the Tirfliaths nighc and morning to fee this charge by him committed to£hem, duly puc 
in execotion. 

But the words in the Text of Aandt^by, may be meant of other Officers thereunto im- 
xnediately. appointed by HanatUt and Harumiah, as we may^ very reaibnably fuppofe the 
tilrjhitha to have lodg'd a power in their Hands of appoindng fuch inferiour Officers 
finder them: On whole fidelity and care '.herein, they might depend.^ 

However, in whether of the twoSenles we take the words, there is nothing in either 
that doth in the leaft imply« much le(s EVIDENTLY imply Nehemah's leaving Jerujs* 
ieiuy even therefore hecaufe he made this provifion for the (ecurity of the City i For direl/ 
%c might very projperlygive thif c^«| iM yechc lAmM iUU cononue dxjtrnfikm* 

:i2t ObjeHians anjwef^dl 

Watcbf mid i&vtrj One H be over agahfi bis Ho»fi* Bat 
dus GovemmcDt or Chat^ge in this parocular for a due prcivifioa 
of the Security of the Qty doth ia no wife imffy^ hxisk fiooi 
BVIDENTLT mffymg (as are Mr. Deoffs words) that 
Kebemah now left it for a time^ and return'd to Perfiaia the 20ib 
ef Artaxenes. For what he now did oo this account was in troth 
no more than what as ^prudent, and watchful Govemoqr he ought 
to have done now upon his having fet up the Gates W 9Fans rf 
Jeru£demi tsA what ther^ore he doubtfefi did do even notwidw 
fianding he himielf ftill continued at JerufJem. For that the Gslee 
of the City Ihould be duly JlmS atxi ofened, that nvaScb and v)ard 
fbould he kept on tbe towers and 'walk, &c. dus the cotnmon and 
neceilkry defence and fecurity of the Qty did rcquirei whether the 
Govemour himfelf were there> or not. But it was not for him in 
perfbn to fee to the daily execution of this neceflSuy fprovifion for 
the Security of the Qty. It was fuffident for him to commit 
the overfight, thereof to certain chofen (a) and ^diful Officers, as 
he now did,* who either in their own perfons^ or by perfbns t^ 
them thereunto immediately appointed fhould effedually fee his Or- 
ders executed. But NebemiaFs Abfence, or Prefence is in no wife 
deducible from this charge : becaufe this Provifion for the fecurity 
of the Qty, whether the Govemour was there or jioti wis equallv 
neceffiry in bodi cafes. And therefore nothing as to TJebemialfs 
return now from Jemjalem to Verfia can be truly and properly in* 
ferr'd from his giving this Charge to the Perfbns above-named : 
However in Mr. Deati^ Opinion die fame be here EVIDENTLY 
implied.-— I beg leave fVedy to expatiate a litde upon this matter. 

it hath been here already noted that Mr. J>ean upon his now 
fending away Nebemab to Jerufalem hath adually invdfted Uanam^ 
and Hanamab with an aUblute Government of the Qty in his ab** 
fence. Now this Mr. Dean hath done merely cf his own autho- 
rity, for he hath gi/n us none for it. Had he dv'n us any autho* 
rity from Scripture^ It muft, I conceive, have been that of Nebe^ 
mlah (cb. vii. 2.) But there as we have feen only mentiom is made 
of a certain Quuge giv'n by Nebenriab to Hanam and Hanamab: 
And what that partic^ Qiaige was it follows in the next verfi 
(visi. ver. 9.) As the fame confifted of Kebendalfs pofitive or-; 
ders, or fettled rules concenunfi; the ofemng, and ffmtthfgof tbe 
Gates of Jerufalem, &c. Wl^ch was doubdcfs the very Chafee9 
and the only Charge giv' Hanam and Hanamab in tfer. 2. by 
Nebemab before his leaving Jerufakmy were we to fiippofe him now 
at all to have left it. But* here Mr. Dean bf a very particular di*^ 


Ui F6r fach theft Men were. KeBemiab doubdefi knew hit hrother to he fiicb. « And 
lie Man tefiimony of Ihmaniah that he v?as fo too : for (ai be cells us> ch. vii. 2.) he waf 
1 fiuthful man, mi finred God above many. But the neamefs of reladon miehc pff« 
haps make the good man forbear faying fo much of hit Brother : tho' without all que^* 

on, he ^worthy of the iik« CtuirftacT. iJtbmeb whowifc womW W^ !»?« eftOW: 
tdhua with inch acfaaiige, - - 

l«ir»> ♦;! 

Objections anjwefd. X2j> 

havii^ form'd an abfolute Government oF JtrufJem ior 
Hanam, and Hatumuh delegated to them by Nehemiah before his 
lending him back to the Ferfian Court (which Delegation (tf fucb 
ablblute Government in his ablence muft be founded on the verji 
laft quoted, if founded upon any Scripture foundation at all ) hatb 
after that deferred the execution of this one and the iame charge in 
'oerfe 3, 'dll Nehemalfs return from the Perjtati Courts as if fuch 
chai^ had not been alrcdy delegated in verfe 2 to Haiiam» and 
HoMmah. For to thispurpofe Mt.Dean hath told us« (p. 368. /. 2*) 
viz;, that the Jirfithhfg that he (Nehemiah) £d(^iL. after bis return 
to Jerufakm from the Verpam Court) *was to frovuk fir the Security 
if the City, njjUch he had now firtifiedy by fettbng ruks far the epeih- 
htg^ ondjbuttiHg cf the Gatesy and fir the keepng Watchy and Ward 
am the Towers, Md walk, {Neh. vii. 3.) 

So that indeed not a litde freedom is. here taken with Nshemah^ 
and with thefe two verfes of his book. 

An abfolute Government of the City is found out in verfe 2 for 
Hanamj and Hanamab. And a feparate Charge giv'n by Ne^ 
bemah in ver. 3. The former fuppos'd to be delegated, upon his 
now ta^ng a journey to Verpa: The Latter not giv'n 'till his re*. 
turn to Jerufakm, The Abfence of the Governour is all this 
iwliile between ypje 2, and verfi 3. And vet after all* the laccer 
verfi is rddly ana truly but one and the fame continued matter 
widi the former. Or an Explanation,- or giving the particulars of 
that Charge which had been before but juft mention'd or barely 
named in it. Here is found out a Government in one plate mer$]y 
for the fake, of fending away Nehemiah upon his im^inary Jour^ 
ney therefore magnified and enlarge into the Government 
of the City (in f. ^6j.) Which however upon Nehemiah^s re- 
turn (in the next page) is again dwindled into certain Rules now« 
and not before giv'n by him for the opening and Jbutting of the 
Gates ef Jerufalem, &c. as we read Mr. Deatfs words in the page 
laft mention'd. Here is in all this a moft improbable Aflertion of 
KehemaV^ Isk'^An^ Jerufakm, after he had fit up the Walls and 
Gates thereof^ without giving thofe his formencion d Rules concert^! 
jng them 'tiU ifter his Return. 


>And do we think it likely that this jpould be as It ia 
here thus reprefente d -* Can wc conceive or this great and 
watchful Governour that he Ihould go away from Jenffilemy 
and leave this necefTary part of his Government thus omictedi and 
\i pcrflponM by him 'till after his return?— r — The Text furely gives 
" us tQ underftand the contrary. It is evident from thence that the 
Walk and Gates of the City were no fooner fit up by him, but he 
gave an immediate, and full charge concerning them* 

FoV fo Nehemah hath expreffly informM us herein, ^iz. {ch. vil 
X.) that it came to pafi that when the WAL L was btnlty &c. then 
(as it follows ver, 2.) he gave his brother Hanani and Hananiab 
the ruler of the? alace CHARGE a^^r Jerufalem, viz. (as it immeu 

JKL ouccly 

1 J o ObjeSiions anfwer*d. 

diacdy follows in the next verre ) the CHARGE of duly Jlmtfh/gi 
ami ofeniMg the Gates, and of keemg the oece(&ry ^tuatch and 'vjord. 
So chac Nebemab moft certainly made much better provifion for 
the fecuricy of the Gtyy thui Mr. Dean bath here fuppos'd him to 
have done, whether he now went from# or ftaid at Jerufalem, And 
as tb the former, It is certain that it is do wife to be concluded 
from Mr. J>ean$ here affign'd realbn for it^ to the ieparation of the 
Contents of verfe 3, from virfe 2; to die makine verfe 2 the laft 
A& that Nebemah did before his going, and ver^ 3 the firft AQt 
he did upon his retura For both thofe Verjit, as it hath been al-« 
ready obferv'd, are doubt^s One» and die lame Charge: verfe 3^ 
being the particulars of the Cbuge barely mentioo'd^ or nam'd in 

Nor ThhrUji is Mr. Deaths remaining (a) reafon for the provirie. 
Nehemiah's return to Perjia in the twentieth of Artazerxes more e^ 
fedual thereunto^ than have been the two former; viz, his imagt*^ 
ned Want of a li^au Cmmv^^Ew for Nehemiah to rektiUthe Streets oj 
Jerufalemj the buiL£ng rf the Walls thereef (in Mr. Deat/s opinion^ 
iemg AL L fir which foe frayed hisfirfi Commiffioa. For with all due 
Submiflfion be it fpoicen, Nebemah could not now ffamd lo need 
of a new authoritv thereunto empowering him, for in truth the 
hnl£ng of the Waifs cf Jerufalem was not ALL fir vJnch he de^ 
fi^d his firfl Commiffion'^ the buildiiiff of the Streets^ or Honfes being 
What he alio asked for« and obtaiu'd accordingly at one and the fime 
time. The Text evidently fhews it. For> as it hath been before 
obferv'd in Nehemah's Complaint to the King« and Petition upon 
fuch Complaint, and the King's Grant thereupon is fully included 
the hmlding not only of the Walls and Gates < Jerufalem but of the 
City in general,- and therefore of theHOUS£S of the now deibiate 
STR£ETS> as weU as the WALL diereof. Ccdequently here 
is at once removed fuch Mr. Deasfs ima^'d waitt, or occafion of 
his imagin'd new Commiffbn for Nehenriab. The Complaint ^ No* 
bsmah to the King was (as we read Neb. ii. 3.) concerning the Citj 
in general that it lay wajte. His Petition to the King was gene- 
ral, for the City <f bis fatber^s fiMtlchre ; not barely for the WaOs 
and Gates thereof, but for the CITY the Citjf rf bis father's Se^ 
fulchre, thit he might BUILD it: (ver. 5.) httiU all doubdefi 
rhat was flill in ruins, as the fsix greater part thereof now was. 
For $t$ we learn from the Text« Not only the WALLS thereof 
were broken down^ and the GATES tkireof conjisnfd vntb fire, 
(i>er, 13.) hut the HOUSES alfi were not h»iUed(h). The Text 
therefore fairly and naturally thus including the buuding of ALL> 
without exception^ every place throughout Ae City that was 
now in ruins, Mr. Dean^s Limitation of Nebemab^s Petitk)n to the 
Walky and Gates of Jerufakm might have been fpar'd. The buUd- 
ing of thofe only f exclulive of the Streets, or Honfes of the Gty) 

(41) p. 367# C««. I^fi (I) Ck, TN^4i 

ObjeHians anfwefd. 131 

^ we (te I16t all for which be defir'd his firft Cmmijfim, His 
Petitkxi to the King as it was in general terms for the C1TY» 
was doubctefi exteoGve to its univerial Reftoration out of its pre^ 
fent ruins> in which it had lain from ics Defolacion by the Bahy^ 
bnumfi And the King's Grant thereupon {Neh. ii. 6.) was confe- 
iquendy ho lefi general and exteniive. For upon his petition if 
fkaid the Kmg U find him to Jerufalem. {ib) 

Nor is there any the leaft room from the nature, or conle- 
Quences of iiich extended Grant to fuppofe the contrary. For 
fiirely It had been no odds to the King of Terfiai no prejudice 
to his afiairsr^ or the State ot his Kingdom^ to have futter'd the 
Hnffis now to be rebmlded at Jerufalem, any more than, nor in , 
trudi fb much as to have the Gates thereof y?/ uf^ and the walls ' 
repaired. And for all this together One and the fame Grant was 
iurely fiifficient. By that Nehemiah v^as fu^y empowered at once 
to rehdU Jerufalem, nvaU and Streets^ and whatever elfe he did 
after Mr. Deaiis imagin'd fecond return of him thither from the 
Ferfan Court in the twentieth cf Artajcerxes. And therefore it is 
much more probable than not, that there was no fuch fecond 
Return : even becaufe there was no occafon for any : Mr Dean'^ 
Authority for the contrary Aflertion notwithflanding. 

Mr. Dean hath not indeed told us h^ grounds tor fuch AfTer- 
tion. It cannot be founded on any thing that hath been hitherto 
quoted from Nehendalfs book concerning his Complaint, and Pe- 
tition to the King, and the King's Grant thereupon. The Con* 
trary as we have feen is either rally exprefled, cr evidently im- 
plied in them. {nnz. in Ch, ii. 3, 5, ($,) 

If Mr. than hath founded fuch aflertion, (vix. that the bniU- 
iwg ofthe Walk of Teru£dem was ALIa for nvlrich Nehemiah de^- 
Jpd hisfirfi Cemf^Uptm) on any Scripture Authority, It muft be 
on the Verfis immediately following: {vhc, ai verfit 7, 8.) where* 
in though other particulars of Nek^alfs petition, and the King's 
Grant thereupon be expreffly mentiorfd, and one immediately re- 
lating to the Wall of Jerufalem, yet there is not any the leaft men- 
tion made in them of the Streetty and Houfis thereof. 

But this notwithflanding, It^doth by no means hence folIo\^ 
that in favour of Mr. Deof^s aflertion Nehemiah therefore did not 
make rcquefl to the King for the buil£ng cf the Streets of Jeru- 
falem, as well as the waffs thereof, or in Mr. Beards own words 
that the hnUing (f the walh was all for which he depr'd his firfi Com,- 
miffiouy becaufe however the building of the Streets be not men- 
tiorfd in thefe verfes, yet exprefs Petition had been made before 
for it, and the King's Grant thereupon obtain'd in the verfes im* 
mcdiatdy foregoing: As the fame contain the general Petition, and 
the general Grant for the dTY, as It hath been above fully 

St)v*d. And fuch general -Grant fbr the rebuilding the Streets y or 
. oujes thereof, for that was furely rebuilSng the City^ was fuificient 
wilbout any repetition of the fame among thefe farther^ and more 
*" K a " farti- 

IJ2 OhjeBims anfwer'd. 

particular requefts txiade to the. King by I^hendab bere^ (viz. kf 
verfes 7> 8.) which riequefts rekibd either tohimielf^ or tothepubn 
lick Security, or grandeur. He had 'before obtained an difolute 
Grant, upon his general petition -for the haUing ef the Ciiy of his 
fathers S^lcbre: (as in verfir 3, 5, 6.) He now took courage to 
the enlai^ement thereof in fome few pafticularsj to the b^ging the 
royal ^vour towards himreif for the iecuricy of his perj^ in his 
journey ,* (as in verfi 7.) and for the building of the bouji that he 
ihould enter into at Jeru£dem« that timber for the fame might be 
allotted him out of the Kini^sforefti {ver. 8.) alfo to the be^ng the 
feme royal favour towards the ppblick £0 far as it concera'd the 
royal (a) Palace^ and the *walfrf the City^ that timber might be^ 
g$v*n him for them alfd (ib.) * And for this reafon theie additiQ- 
nal Grants are here expreflly mentioned ; even becaufe they were 
added to the former general Grant for his buiUing the City. But 
when Nebsmiah had thus bx ventured upon the royal Goodneis oiF 
the Ferfian King> and had obtain'd thefe nece{&ry fevours, and 
particularly fo much of the King's Timber as was fufficient to the 
ufes above requefted, It was not for him to go on to the piaying 
the like royal favour of Timber for the tebuikhtg all the deiblate 
Streets of jerulalem which now ftood in need of betng rebuib alfow 
No. — ^Tbis wouldhave been too much for him to have asked of the 
Ferjimt King. And for this reafon the royal permiffion which was {b) 
before giv'n at large to him for the rebmhmg Jeruialem (the Hottfiu 
or ftreets thereof as well as the lualb and Gates^ as above-fhewn) 
is not here particularized to the esmrefi mention of the former^ 
as of the latter: Even becaufe the Additional Grant of TinAer out 
rf the Kin^sforeft did not extend to them, as it did to the other. 
Therefore It had been indeed fuperfluous becaufe needlefs to have 
bad it repeated in verjit 7, i, vmen it had been already fully, and 
expreflly ijgnified in thofe immediately forgoing. {*tfiz. in verfh 

Befides^ As it ought to be particularly noted here by way of 
farther illuftration hereof^ (viz. that verfes p 8> contain an enlaige* 
msnt of the general Grant before mentfen'd, verfi the 7th is ufli- 

«rM in with a MOREOVER Moreover I faiJ unto the Kingy 

£cc. Which plainly (hem that this was additional to the gener^ 

Petition already granted^ And fiom that> and the Grant thereupon 
before Nehemiah^s going to yerufakmy It hath been fufEciendy 
made to appear that He had full authority giv^n him therein to 
^i^i/^Jerufauem^ even to build the Streets^ as well as the Walls there- 
of. And therefore however to Mr. Dean It hzth fiem' J bs if Ndie- 
miah needed a new Authority for the doing whatever be did at Jeru- 
felcm ^er he bad built the Walk, and tterefore returned to Ferfia 
i6x jfuch »<?*«; Authority^ lyet fince as We have feen from the Texfy 
that fuch imagined new Authority was already granted, and confe- 


j^aendy there vns m> fuch Dccafionjbr Nehemah\ retufn> It can* 
not buc te moft reaiboably condu^ that there was no fuch iina* 
|in'd ittam ck him in the zotb of Artaxerxes. For the caufe of 
fildi Return ceafing^ the Return it felf becomes ncedlefs. 

And die fione is tended yet move improbable^ forafmuch as 
Vebefidah hadi not giv'n us any account, nor even the leaft hint 
thereof.— —Mr. D^jis indeed hath been at the pains to find out an 
imttinaTy caufe of no fuch notice taken by Nehemiah in his book 
of £is his fuppos'd Return » even this,^^ SHORTNESS tf his 
Atfeiue. But Nehemaifs utter filence of any fuch his Abfence koni 
JertiftJem in die xtifb <f Artaxences is furely a ftronger Argument 
againAfliis fecond Return to Ferpi in that year> than is Mr. Dean^9 
imxgxiAJhertnefs cf his Abfence the ^aufe of fiicb Silence. He v/ould 
htt^ have omitted fb remarkable an inftance of royal favour in this 
die King of Verfa his fecond inftance of it to Nebermah^ and God*$ 
feofk, had there been any fuch now repeated. He was doubrlefs a 
Perion c^ too much Gratitude in that cafe not to have recorded it. 
For moft certainly it was for the King's honour to have had it re- 
corded, f And it was NebemaVs Duty accordingly to have recorded it. 
But queflionlefi he was too good a man> I mav add alfo too great a 
Courtier to have been wanting in this flender piece of refpeft, 
and common inftance of duty to him by whom he had been al- 
ways highly fiivour'd in his own perfon, and eipecially now of late 
in the Kinpfs Grant to faini of all that he had begg'd at his royal 
hands for his Qtv and Country. He hath gratefully and exadly re- 
corded die Kinrs firftCommiffion granted to him in the 2och year 
of his reign : He hath aUb recorded another granted to him in the 
3 ad thereof. Why then ftiouU it not be fuppos'd of him that he 
would have been eaually natehil and exad in recording Mr. DeoM 
of Narwic^t imagm d ad Commiflion granted to him by the King 
in die 20th year of his reign, had there been any fuch fecond Com- 
miffioD then delegated to him ? 

Surely, However Mr. De^f^s PARTICULARS EVIDENT- 
LY (a) im^j Nehemal^s return to the Ferjian Court in the 20/A of 
Artaxences, and return to Jerufakm alfo with a new Commiffion> or 
However they may have SEEM'D to him SUFFICIENTLY {h) 
to iffflf it. Yet after all, from what hath been (aid on this occafion. 
It is perhaps moft feeming (and I hope I may fay it without offence j 
that there was no fuch imagined Return at all now. Doubtleis there 
was no fuch imagined fecond Commiffion for that which the (c) 
Text hath iully informed us was expreffly pedtion'd for, and granted 
in the firft : even in one and the^ lame royal Licence, or Authority 
for the rehiUsfsg the Wall and Streets of Jerufelcm. 

To what hath been now faid on this point may be added On£ 
other Cioi^deradon in confirmarion of it: And that is taken from 
the Prophecy before us. Which otherwife had not been fulfiileil, 

K 3 had 

(4) As ife hti words, f . 3^7. /. 17* (^) As in the I^ft line but 4 of that Page. : 
(0 Nih. H. 3* j*. 

134 ObjeStians anfwer'd. 

had there been two Commandmeiits for that, foi the accottpltflitt^ 
of which the Prophecy plainly fpeaks but of one. It la tfaenrin ex- 
predly predidled concerning One and the fiune Coinmandaient> 
which fliould go forth to refoi/i/ Jerufalem Wall and Struts, in the 
true Utteral fenfe thereof^ as I have formerly (hewn. And foch 
One Only Camnumdmenf did as we have feen accocdindy g$fir$bm 
the 2oth of Artaicerxes. But fuch never did go forth bdbie as k 
hath been above aUb (hewn: Nor could it go firth afiify for 
this as it hath been aUb (hewn, was the laft of the 4 Cumrnntdmetrtts. 
or royaJ Grants that went forth in favour of Jtrufokm. Therefore 
the adual going forth thereof in the zoth of Artaxerxes as it proves 
againft Mr. Dean's twofold Commiflion of Nebemiab in that year> 
fo it doth alfo evidently prove it felf to be the vety Commandments 
the Going forth whereof is expreffly prediSed in this Prophecy. And 
therefore the holy Prophet Daniel, the man l^hfy beloved of God» 
{Dan. ix. 23.) was here to his great comfort informed of the going 
forth thereof in God's good time. And when that time was hilly 
come, God was pleas'd to make Nehemiab his blefTed in(farument in 
the execution of mis m^hty work of his9 to the influencing the Per-- 
fan King to his adual giving out) fuch Conunandment immediately 
thereunto authorizing, and empowerii^ him. 

For unle(s fuch royal Commandment had now gone forth, the yewi 
enemies would without all doubt have made uie of the a& of re- 
hiUingJcrixdaltm as juft matter of Complaint againft them> as former- 
ly they bad done under the Magian, and alfo umer Darius p in the cafo 
of the ftoppage of the building of the Temple : Of which more here-* 
alter. But notwithftandingall their threatned (a) Oppofition, this they 
dared not to do now in the ca(e before us, viz. of NehemiahV rv^ 
builSng Jerufalem, the Wally and the Streets thereof. It was not for 
them to execute their threamed Oppoiition againft foch rebuilSs^, 
becaufe they knew foil welL that the royal Commandment was now 
adiually gone forth for this very purpofe. And as fuch It is therefore 
evidendy the Ccmmasubnent, from whence muft necefbrily be ta- 
ken the Computation of the VII Weeks of this Prophecy. For atf 
the Prq;)hecy foceth the banning of them to the gping prth of the 
Commandment to rebuild Jeru(alem> even to rebuild the Walls and 
the Streets thereof^ and whereas the Perfian King Artaxerxes dkt 
a&ually give his expre(s royal Licence and protedion to Nehemiab 
in the 20th year of his reign for fuch rebuikiing> fo fuch royal Com-^' 
mandroent going forth accordingly at that time to the veri^im die 
predi&ion before us, doch necemriiy determine us to fucn &gin- 
niig of the faid feven Weeks froii> the going forth of it. 

EfpeciaOy ConGderiiu; that this our &:r]pmre Banning of the 

7 Weeks from the 2or£ ^ Artaxeixes> will be fiirther conSrm'd to be 

the true Beginning of them, when we cooie hereafter to treat of 

the beginning of the 7 vieeks, and 6z vmks jofotly^ as they are 

t '...■.•;.'..-..>.,....■ V3^b 

I ' ■ "i 

OkjeBions anjwer'd. 135 

nanh continued in feckoning* and as fuch have one> and the fame 
beginning* as k hath been {a) already obierv'd concerning them. 

Aad the fiune will alio be yet farther evident, when we come 
CD treat of the Ending of the fiud 7 v)teksy and £2 'o:etksy or 483 
Yean* . the find Sum of oMrix* md ytars duly expirit^ within the 
year before that very Paffoverin which the Meffiahw^aEf CUT OFF, 
as they were to expire according to this Prophecy* reckoning 
the fame from fuch true Beginning* iwb. die lo^h rf Artaxerzes. 

And yet after all that hadi hidieno been £ud in vuidicadon of 
tiiis Our Beginning of die 7 weeks from the faid 2ofh if Arcax* 
crxes* fince there are yet certain Objedions which the learned 
Mr. Deam of Norwich hath in his book brought againfl fuch Begin- 
ning, Andalib ibme of them therefore made agaiml it* as die fame 
is founded upon (t) our ktteral Exfofifkm of the exfrofi €baraBer in 
the Text of the gwtg forth rf the Comnumdmefft, viz. the hdl^ng 
Jeniialem JfaU a^td Streets, we cannot in good manners to Mr. 
Oesm, or ki juftice to the Reader and our felves alfo pais them over 
without a due and impartial examinatkHi. For iiich they deferve, 
and require ftom us as coming from fo learned an Author, and as 
thev may on this account be juftly fuppos'd to carry great weight* 
WQQ force in diem. But of what real force and weight they are, 
we fhall fbon difcover by fuch confideradon. 

And while we are paying this our due refped to the very learn- 
ed Mr. Desx, we ^ope withal to do our felves the fervke of far- 
ther clearing up* and fiiroorring, and confirming the late very 
learned 0i{}^op iJovJ his Hypothefis of reckoning the 7 weeks from 
the tvientietb of Artaxerzes, as the true Scripture Beginning of the 
iaki weeks. And here may be confider'd 

Fvrfij Mr. DeMfi main (f) Qbjedion againft the btteral Com« 
{detion of the Commandment in the IVophecy* grounded upon thi^ 
tniftaken coniequence, that if the worJt rf thit Prophecy, to re fore 
MiiMiUJerumsm are to be taken m a Moral fenfe» then thefe Week$ 
mufi neceffirily take their beginning from Cyrus*/ Decreoy from the 
i!omgfor$h^ or ifpM^ out rf that Decree, i This (d) faith Mr. Dean 
> the Sum rf the whole Arpment. But in truth this Supti turns up- 
on nothing. Mr. J>ean will I hope pardon me for fitying fo. It is as we 
ihall foon fee, built on a wrong tbundadon; and d|erefore it muft 
neceflarily come to nothing. For Mr. Dean hadi here all along pro- 
ceeded on this fuppoGtion that Jerufalem was aduall^ rdmilded be- 
fore Nehemiah's comkig thither. It is a principle with Him, that 
the Qty was built by virtue rf Cyrus his Decree: as we fhall fee pre- 
UtaaAj, AiKi thereupon is principally grounded tliis inain Objedk>n. 

K 4. ' Now 

M See aboveinthe MntndmOim. (»} We htye alreidjr confider'd Mr. Dtan't OIh 
jeffions ag^bft a lititrai lenie of Ae vHads. We now take \mo codfideianon his other 
Obje£lions which he hath urg'd againft a /iV//r«/ completion of the matter of h&t or 
<hc litteral rehuiiding of leruialem WMand Streett* as being the coippl^^on, or ac- 
complKhment of the exfrtfs ChmsStt of the Prophetick Commandmcm. (c) /« 267} an4 
Z6^. Con. Hift. (4)^26^. /. 18. Con. HilU 

ij6 OhjeSiians anjwer'd. 

Now if we can remove the caaie of dUs Objedionj»' the O^o^oBaaa 
it felf muft then ceafe of courie. If thermie tt can be piovVl 
from the holy Scripture) that Jemfakm was not rdmUi by virtue 
of Cyrus his Decree^ If alio it can fiuther be prov'd diat die iaid 
City was afterwards nbmlt bv the immediate virtue of another 
wJer» which went forth for that very purpQfq> then of courie it 
will follow that theie weeks mav be takem f» a Utter d finfiy and 
have a btural auomBfbmait» and yet not cake their beginning fiom 
the ipmg forth rf Cyrus^x Decree. Then rtiowever \St.DeM hadi 
necedarily inferred that if the mmds to refiore ami hiU Jeruialem 
are to be under fiood m a btteraljenfi, th^ cam be unierpood ef no 
other reftormgy and rehaUh% of that City, than that nuhkh 'fvas 
ACCOMPLISHED hj virtue of Cyrus tm Decree, And there- 
fore the Cowfutation of thefe mjeeks mufi b^infrom the ffranth^ and 
gemg forth thereof, yet after all) it will be thus rendred poffible id 
the hrft place> that diefe weeks may have another beginning than 
that ef the going firth of Cyrus Ins Decree,^ And alfo ^afinuch as 
Jerujakm yfm certainly not tebmlt till a long time after the gping 
forth of Cyrus his Decree^ and that by immediate Virtue rf anodier> 
and confequendy not by virtue ef Cyrus hie Decrecy It will then be- 
come not only pojjibky but even necejfary that fuch of theie Weeks* 
which according to this Prophecy were to have their beginning 
from the g(mg forth ef fuch Commandment, muil have dheir beginning 
not from the going forth of Cyrus his Decree, but from dae goi% 
forth of that other, viz, that in the twentieth of Artaxerxes ^ 
immediate virtue whereof, and not before* was adually accon^ 
pliihed fuch Stteral EebuU{6ng. 

And thus this main Objedion will be immediately taken oflF 
under the next pardcular here to be confider'd, as that is the fiip- 
port thereof, viz, * *^ 

Secondly, Mr. Dean's polkive aflertion diat Jerufalemvm adually 
rebuilt by virtue of Cyrus his Decree. And for diis He hadi pardy 
reafon'd, pardy pleaded the hdy Scriptures (a). 

I iliall confider Mr. Dean's fevcral reafons, for fuch aflertion, 
and fliew the groundleisnefe of them in die firil place. And 
here we are tokl (h) 

Pirji, djat Cvrus could not grant Ucettce for the Jews to return t6 
Jeruialem, and build fhe Ihnfle there 'linthont albving (hem to re- 
build that City alJo.T-r^Tsiov/ H Mr. Dean herein means no more 
than this, viz. diat by virtue of Cyr^s his expreis Licence to -die 
yews for their return to Jerujalewy and for their rebuilding die 
Temple, the Jews who for that purpofe did return whedier thofe 
immediately concerned in the building, the Artificers, and Crafts- 
men, and Others dieir neceflary Attenduice, and All in ftort of 
what Denomination foever who \rait up along widi them by 
virtue of this Decree were thereby authorfc?.y to run up for them- 

* - . . . . • 

ObjeBimi anjwer*d. 13^ 

filv» ^njeftftlm coavaskm dwdUi^ jdaces^ it is readily granted. 
Bat if otherwke he means that by virtue thereof the Jenrnhzd fuO 
power giv'n them to reOoie the grandeur^ and ftrength of their 
City by fetting up not [only the Houfes^ but alfo the Walls and 
Gafes thereof > [whidi is the very Commandment referrM to in the 
Prophecy before us>J We have fixn there is not the leafl ground 
for it in Cfrm his Decree.——. 

Axd Mr. I>eam himielf hath acknowledged as much (if); 
Therefore^ however he hatb made a queition of the foffbiUty 
hereof) it is yet foffihh for Cjnm to have granted the Je^ 
licence to return to Jeruialem for to rebuild thdr TEMVI^B 
there^ nmthwt grving tbem. Scenes to retmld their City alfi. It is plain 
from the contents of his DECREE that he <]id fo. For therein 
is expreis licence for the one> but not for the other. But furely 
had there been any for the latter it would have been expreffed. 
For where had been otherwife the Authority ? The Commandment 
or Decree is tl^proper place for it. But tbeiein^ as we have {^) 
formerly feen^ it is not. But 

Secondfyf We are told by Mr. Dean (c) that the Licence to yvu 
huiU the Houfi ef God which is in Jeruialem, nmft either in^ly a £i* 
cence to rebuiUJetuMem alfi, or^lfi {which faith Mr. Dcan^ feenu 
mofi frohable,) Ezra gives us in the place mentimfd only an abfttaH ef 
tloe chief things gfonted by that Lacence, and not cf the whole, in 
which mofi likely many otier Shingt» and among them the rebuilding^ 
Jemfalem> and the other Cities if Judab v^ht be pUy and fxfr^ 

Here we have a Dilemma^ in the former part whereof Mr. Deam 
labours to make gcxxl the deficiency of an esrprds Licence from 
Cyrus fot the. rebmlSi^ Jeruialem the Wall and the Streets thereof, 
by finding out for us an in^cit Ucence for the iame. But alas to ' 
fly to an implicit Licence here> which alio after all is only fup- 
pofed) is at obce to give up this point ,- beoauie in few words 
that could never be the Prcmhetick Commandment which was to 
go forth EXPRESSLY for that, very purpofc. And hence per- 
haps it is that Mr. Dean feems to lay the greateft ftrefs upon the 
latter part of this Dilemma, which confifts of a charge upon Bx^ra^ 
as if he had not mfn us a full Copy of Cyrus'/ Decree. But as to 
this, 'tis mdted luQ imaginary aind groundlefs : And it is withal ut- 
terly incoilififlent with Mr. Deasis own moft jufl Cbarad^r of Ezr» 
importing his great Abilities {i)» vix^ as he was a very teamed mani 
andefpeciaUj as he was very excellently skilled in the knowledge of the . 
holy Scriptures^ and therefnk it fdd to have been a very ready Scribe in 
the Law of' God, &c» even (e) ff skilfull a Scribe therein as upon 


{^d) p, 258 f /• 20. Mr* DeMm tdls us expreflly in the fbUowiag wordsx that the r#- 
hntlding tfthe City is not esfresjfy included tn the CommiJJien of Cyrus. (b) See p.ii6. 
|f)f.268. /.24> &c. \d)p,z6i. U 14. (e) Seep. z66, t. 27 and ^2. and alio 

f'^Zu and 322> where Mr. Z>f4ii (peaks of it as a commop opinion among the 7ev/> 
a« if Bsc^a wett the Prbphec Matdthit dcc«^— ->*Buc ai to* this 9>maion of the J^wi fee ic 
«oxk^e4 ^ I^r* luoiki p.i. Com. on M^achi. ■ 

II < ObjeBiohs mifwiid. 

bis cammg to Jenifilem so have re/hr'JtAi Sirifnim^ &e.^^This hck 
jDg coiifider^d> wberejFore is it ml Mt.Bmmi hath chttgM£srif with 
ipmifch uaaccuraceaei&9 and want of ezadnefi in gtvii^ tis a cian- 
icript cf this Decree if Cyrus wbich to nearly coocem'dthe peopb 
of Chxi ? If neither want of knowledge* nor want of accuracy be 
chargeable upon this hdy inan9 and from Mr. DemisyjA, now men* 
cion'd Charader of him 'ds pdain that they are not* v^ierdtve thea 
is it that we fhould fuppofe otherwise than dat he hath giv'n us this 
Decree moft exadly^ and perCedly jia io original fuhid8> without 
havii^ diminifhed from it ? 

But to what purpofe after all is lAt.Demfs fqqpofition that he did 
not fo give us this Decree ?—*• Wherefore^ but becaufe he would 
baveus toconcfaide with him that the Gty jgJTJerufidem was rebuilt 
by virtue of fuch fimpoied impUdi Lkmce ef'Cyxmi For this i^what 
is all along pleaded for^ and here in pardcular in vriiat fellows (tf)the 
Dilemma now before ds^ Hbei^g certain (£uth Mr. BMsJ/ibi/ih^ a«r- 
pteef fhaS Lketue the Jews hadpvwer fo to do {vm. to rebuild the 
Qty> as well as the Temple of jerufakm) ami aceorda^fy executed it. 
•«^— But as to this Fovior which to Mr. Demc ieems fo certam, tiiac 
as I have (hewn is moft uncertain as being altogether imaginary>and 
groundlefi : and as to the a£Brm'd Exeaakm, to what hadi beenat- 
ready (aid againft it* I add 

Farther> that it was not in the J'inuf power to have executed ic> evef|> 
if they had bad Qritf his ea^pfv^ Licence* and Authority for it. 

For if j^ifnv/2K&»r was rebimt by virtue of that ^ 
ceflarily b^ve been rebuilt by thofe who made the firft return tht* 
ther iipom Baiybm by virtue of that Decree under ZoroiaM, an^ 
Jejhua, And Mr. Dean according makes it to have been bidlt {h) 
before Haggai propbefied. But of this more hereafter. I mentioi| 
ithere onlyasbeiiK allowed by Mr. i>if4OT: How truly it will be here^ 
after (c) ihewn. But this being allowed* it is confequendy fuppos'ci 
that thtjevji ^k4x> made the firft return were capable of rebuudiog 
j^ufalem. For who but they are fuppos'd to have rebuilt it ?— — 
But their litter Inability to fuch an Undertaking is expreflly evident 
firom Mr. Deaths own defeription (d) of that people* m the follow* 
ing words (e). It is a common jamganMmg the Jews that thejvme onfy 
the bran, that is, the dreg of the fetfk that reunrmdtajermlkm iftet 
the end cf the C^tmtj, and that alt the fmjhttterfi^ tehindat Ba- 
bylon. This opinion Mr. Dean hath there confirmed with his own 
following Obfervarion* viz. It is mofi certain that mtnmthfianSng the 
fiveral Decrees that had been granted if the Kmp of fetGnfor the re* 
turn of the Jews into their own Land, there 'were a great many thai 
'Waved taking the advantage ef thensy and comtimsed .Mt m, CfaAldaBa> 
Aflfyria* and other Eaftera PrtfWfrf/* nohere they had been carried^ and 
it id mofi likely that tjaey were the befij and richeftof the nation that dJ 
fo. We are alfo tdd by Mr. Dean eUewbiere {f), from die 


(a) Pag. i6i laft Line hxt if. (i) Ib^fiibfioe- (f) VtK^ in the Scripcurtt 

Account of the rebuilding of JgrmfaklH. (d) p^ ft68 fin. 6> ftc. (4 etom 

Talmud 'Bak. in Kidduihim. (/} p. 138 Un. ii. 

IfUAUf, tbttthey were only the pooiorfiirt that returned. AndiQ 
aoodier place (4) tbejr aie expre% fpokeo of, as a few ftar ExHer. 
This is theionowniL but anie account of thefe returning Jtiuraa 
giv'n us by Mr. Demf. 

And is it in theleaft likely^ or indeed atall poffiUe that the now 
ruinated^ but once dorious Cir|r of Jfmfakm fliould have been le* 
bulk by thefe poor Wretches in numbeif FEW {jfu in fubftuice 
PCX)R) 0fiv» poor Exibfy as here tn^y caU*d by Mr. DeoM in the 
pbu:e laft quoted? — ^Had die RICHER and BETTER Sort now 
zecum'd fy virtue of Cyrus ins Decree, then indeed there had been 
feme litde more fliew of probability for Mr. Deatiz fo early ima^ 
ned rebuilding of Jerufale^. But they came not thither upon Cj* 
TMs his Grant: As Mr. Deam hath above informed us. 

Tis the poorer Ibrt theib even the dregs^ and refiife of. the peo- 
ple that Tsmt be here luppos'd to have rebuilt yentfilem. A work 
very likely this to have been accompliihed by thofe who were fo e« 
qusi to the Undertaking. — But 

Thirdly* Mr. Dean hath pleaded in favour ot his early rehaU' 
jug of Jerufidem fy virtue of Cyrus l»s Decree (e)y that ic ne^ 
ioffkrify m$fi bsve ken rehult by the Jews on their return, be* 
omtfi they built' their other Otks, and confifuentfy this alfi, and 
more efiecially at it was the Mtrefolis of their nation, the place where 
thoTempk flood, where all went up to worlh^, and where three times m 
year every male a^at^d before tie lard at the fokmn Feftivab, ani 
where aljo the Govemour dwelt^ where the Council fat, and all matters 
of Judgement were ubimateh deddfi. The matter is beyond all dsjpute^ 
(adds Mr. Dean) when the Jews on their return rebuilt their other 
Cities^ they mnfl then mofl certmnly have rebmlt J^fidem aljo. The 
great concourfe wtuch the reajons I have mentmfd amfiantly drew thi* 
theTy mufl have necejjftated thisy bad there been no other inducement for 
it. It u eafer to fuppoje all the reft of the Gties of ]\jAsh to have been 
left flUl in their rubbijp after the return of the ]€W$frmn their capti* 
^jh ^b^ ^b^ ftis City alone JbouU remain unbuilt. 
' Thus Mr. Dean hath argued exceeding rhetoncally for his opinion. 
But 'tis all againft matter of hSty as wfll appear bereafterj when 
we come to confider the Scripture account of the rebuilding of Je- 
rufideth. - But waving that at preienr> I may content my iHf biue- 
ly with {hewing the infufEciency of fuch reafoning. Which hath 
already appear'cTin mrt from the utter inability of the riff-raff com- 
pany of returning Jews (as 'tis {dain from Mr. Dean that the gene- 
rality o( them were) to rebuild their once great and glorious City, the 
Metropolis of Juddb. And as their utter impoffibility^ fo alio the 
weakoefi of Mr.i>f4ii'saigument ix>w before ns \dll be yet made to 
appear if it be here&rtherconfider'd* that by Mr. Pf^v's own account 
(i) of thefe FEW POOR returning Exiles by virtue of Cyrus his 
Ikcree, they did not all take up their abode at Jerufakm, but were 

'■' •. "• •••' •' • ' . fo 

is) p. 14a. Kn. 1/. {h) ih. (c) p. %6l imcb. (i) p. 14a u 

OAs. Dum ibeit oUs them* Their Kombcr wai 496971 p. 133. 

"44* Oijeffims anfwefd. 

b far from doing that> that as Mr. Jkm alib tdUs (4) m% §fo» their 
€mm0g thither t&j SJferfid themfihet accerdh^ to their tribes^ mid the 
fsmOn of their fathers mte their SEVERAL CJTIES, and THERE 
{not ztjerufakm) they ietook themphes to rehmld their Houfis, &c 
as Mr. Deamthetc truly obferves from Bhra(h). Henceas thereis 
naturally to be inferPd a much greater impfobability of fuch a vaft 

Sf, as was Jerufakm in its profoerity> to have been now raMfr by 
on of its beii^ thus robbed rf dnfe who might odierwiie have 
been its Inhabkancs^ for the £ike of tfadr kxd% to OTHER CI- 
TIES to which they bdonged before the captivity in order to their 
id)uilding md inhabiting meau fi> alfo an eaud probaUlity at leafb 
if not a rar ereaterof tfofe other Cities sf Juaah being rebuilt^ even 
whfsajerufakm the Metropolis ftiM remained unbuilt. Sothat inthi» 
view dP xma^ the very reverie o^ Mr. Demii now recited fbppofi- 
tion will be much the more eajy 6E credits i«e. Jerufidem mnefiUl 
to have r^mataed tmMtj even after other Cities cf Judah njixre re* 
For of thofe who made tbe firft retum^ we may reafonably fiip- 

Cife the generality of them> and aUb of the better fort of them to 
vc gone to dwell not at Jerufakm, but in other Cities of Judah 
by reafon of their refpedive Imieritances; which doubtlels lav more 
in thofe leiTer Cities^ and in the country round about them than in» 
or about Jerufakm, 

And it may aHb be here farther confider^d as h^y probable that 
fome few Nobles excepted) and the chie^ of them who made the 
ferft return immediately on die account of theTemple« as being feme 
way or other concerh'd in the rebuildine; of it) or were otherwife 
ccmftrained to take up their abode tbere* very few would by 
choice have made ic their place of fetdement; becaufe as it was the 
Metropolis of Judaea, as foch it was chiefly the envy of the Sama* 
ritans (c) and of other neighbouring nations. It was doubdeis much 
more fo than other Cities of Judah. To thofe Cities therefore was 
a fafer Retreat for the returning Jevjs than to Jerufakm. Hence 
xoniequendy thofe Cities might be, and doubdefi they were fooner 
repeopIed> and rebuilt than was Jerufakm: not only tho' but even 
for this very reafon, that (he was the MetrofoUs ef Judaea. And fo 
difmifling this Argument, we may^pafe on to anomer, as we are told 
by Mr. Dean (c). 


(4) p. T^ and x6y. {i) Ezra ii. i. Of tbofe who were carried away capchrey and 
saw recurn'd> 'tis faid chat thej tame Mgain tmto Jerulalem and Tudab> every one unco 
li'tsCtcy, Ch.ii, 70. "Tisfaid) chat ^U Ifrad dt»e/$ in their Cities, And Ch, iii. i. 
Ac tfaefecting up of the Alcar> the bulk of the Company accending the Ceremony were 
douhdeG fucb ot the Childrea 0/ Ifrad who thottth chey ttere in tbe Cities^ yec they 
^ather*d themfelves together at ene Man to Jerufalem. And atcer Nehemiah's coming 
thkh^r; Wereadalfo [-NeA.vii. 75.] the Children efVhtetX were in theh Gties. And 
to chem after alU (he was in a greac meafiire obligM for her being repeopled* and 
rebuilt, even (b hr as to have ONE mt of TEN of thofe who dwelt in other Cities* 
As we read expreffly, Neh» xi. i.->Sofar is it fh)m being a Matter beyond difpntet andjk 
eafj of belief as Mr. Dean hath here made this to ba of their (uppos'd rebuilding of 
Jernfalem upoo their retura> as well as their other Ccles. It isia truth beyood di^Cf 
that It was ocberwlfe*. («) CQo.hiii. p> 188. L ./» &t. 

ObjeSiiofU anfwefd. u^i 

Fourthly^ That the retmUmg, or refairmg if the Walls ofJetuBi^ 
lem accanfhfbtd by Nehemiab nuas s nuari but ^ fifty two days, ofuf 
the enlarging £f Jerufalem 'imth new Colonies ivas within a year after, 
but the reftorh^ and rebuilding tf Jerufalon preSBed by the Fr<fhe€w 
was to be a work of fiven weeks, or forty mne years, and Jo long fop 
£zjra> and after Nehemiab laboured juccejfivelym the work ef rejloring, 
and rebmkbng the Church, and State of the Jews at Jerufaletn. And 
therefore of this reftoriog and rebuilding only can the Prof hecy he under^ 

Thus Mr. Dean hath here concluded in favour of his figurative 
lenfe^ and accompliihmentj andagainflthelicteralfenfe^ and accom- 
j^fhment of the Commandment now before us. But as to his figura- 
tive fenf^ I have (a) ibnnerly fliewn that the words wQI not b^r it^ 
nor the Context admit of it. And as to his figurative aocompliih- 
ment in Ezra^ ^mdNebeamh their labouring Aueffivelysn the Reformia* 
thn of the Churchy and State of the Jews juft 49 yearS) I (hall iheiar 
hereafter how very precarious> and improbable that isj when I come 
to confider the Ending of theie ieven Weeks> or forty nine year^ 
which is the proper place for it. Wherefore here to reply to the 
Objedion> as it fbnds immediatdy againft our litteral xiccomplifh- 
ment df the Prophetick Commandment> as being that by virtue where- 
of Nehemiah rebuilt theWalls, and Streets if JenjSsH^tm, I begleajvc 
to obferve 

Brfty That the Objedion in tUs refbedi can be of no force un- 
leis the Prophetick Rebuilding in boih its parts feparately or dll« 
jundivdy were not to be accomplifhed but in forty nine years, or la 
other words that each of them fnould be a work oi forty mneyeart. 
But indeed I cannot fee any the leaft reafon for fuch nice application> 
and diftind accomplifhment either out of the Textj or in it : whicli 
by the words Street, and ^i/doubtlefs intends nothing etle but the 
buildng of the City ^ ]er\x&lem, or the refloring her by fuch tebuQd-. 
ing to her priflin fhite of grandeur> and defence. And therefore 
what tho* the TFaUs of the City were fet up in the firfl year of JNT^v 
temiah's coming to jerufalem, and in ffty two days ? They were 
only a necef&ry pare of the City. And even they tho* they were 
aftonifhingly run up in fifty two days, yet doubtlcfs from time to 
time afterwards they received a continued acceffion of ftrength by 
additional, or improv'd works. And fo we know not of a certainty" 
when they had their completion, or finifliing ftroak of reparationj 
and rebidUing, But ftill thefe were but one part of Jcrufakvh prc- 
dided rebuilding. And tho' (he was now thus begun to be re^ 
built, and tho' in this or in the year fbllowiog Kehermah (h) pro- 
jeded the rebuilding of her other part kKo^viz. the repeopling, and 
repleni(hing with Houfes her ly^f^/tfff/, or rakzdi and ruinous Streets, 
yet the ci^mplete execution of diis proje<3 in fuch a manner, and to 
fuch a degree as that therciq ysrufakm might truly, and properly b* 


{4} 5eAth«rorcgpin^Chi]^. ((] Keh.^. xi. la 8c(^ 

t4i OhjeSlims anjwer'd. 

£ud to be k-ebu]it> that mighc rttSXj be the coottnued work of ievetf 
Weeks> or forty niQe Years. It m^ht ht to 6x tof thing that I 
know diat appears to dbe contrary. And I think truly that I may be 
bold to bcf it> that Mr. Disn ham in no wife made the contrary to 
appear: and if fin tbeObjeOion tinder confideradon is of no force. 
I know indeed that Mr. Dean bath dfewhere told us (it) thmt the 
JUufesy MS vxUm the WaUs ^ JeruTaiem nvere again remtt, andfuUy 
refkmjhed mith Inhaktantsin the tvxnij firfi year ef ICib; Artaxerzes^ 
«r m the feeaad year ef NehemiahV unlmti thither. But to this I muft 
reply that in fad tms could not be« it could furdy be only in em- 
brip> and no otherwife as yet Nehemahy 'ds alroidy granted^ had 
now prqjeAed the repeofSng, and rehtiUng ef Jerufidem (h). But 
that fiich a m^ty prqjed« fuch a vaft undertakii^ could be ac« 
com[4ifhed in a trice> that the now mn^ flam m J^rufalem wid)« 
out number (c) or multitudes of ruinatra Streets ftillib now remain^ 
ing as left by ^ Bahbrnans at her deftrudion ihould be all Com- 
pletely fee up again^ all of them in a twdvemonths time> diis is very 
aftonifliing, and if not impoffihle> *tis however fuidy moft ioH 

For one would b^ the favour of asking here in this hafty andfiid* 
den fuppos'd rebuilding* did the Houfes now arife out of dxar rub- 

^ifh? ^I'he Walls irxieed might be fb in halle repaii^d» and fet up 

a^in. But it was not llkdy thus with the muldtude of Hanjes now 
mppos'd to have been at once fet up together in Jerufalem. Alas t 
wnence had the Je*ws fo fpeedily fuch vaft cuantides of material89 
and thole of all forts for building ? — ^Nor do Men ufiially build with 
green materials. And how could thefe poflibly be all got togediery 
and prepared for the building and be all finallv iet up in one year's 
time to the rdloring Jerufalem to her former ftate of^ building in the 
fecood year of Nehemiah^s coming thither? — Befidesy what a mul- 
dtude of hands muft there have been at once employ'dy whkh a 
coofklerable Nadon could not probably furniih> much \e&JfuLea, if 
all the Ardficers were got tog^her out of all parts of it for the build- 
ing fuch an infinite number of Houfes at one and the fame dme, at 
muft have been now rebuilt for to give Mr. Dean any cdour for his 
aflerdon now before us } Truly to me this feems altogether in-» 

For if we may judge of the largenefS of Jerufalernvrbsn laid in ruins 
by the Babybnians, and confequendy of her as fully reftorM by Ne^ 
bennahy from what fhe was when in procefs of time deftn>y*d after- 
wards by the 'Romans^ (and I do not fee why we may notfairly frsune 
fbme judgement hence) and Jofyhus (J) haoi giv'n us ground here to 

(a) Con. Hift. P. ;68 fab meclio. (h) Nfb. ch. xi. r, flee. (r) For Ke^ 

iem^hfynkioS femfakm as a City OH^ PDni. (ch. vii. 4.) a City BROAD 
in lpaces> or a broail and Ipacious Ciiy* as fuch pie bad been before her DeftruCtion, but 
now lay naked* and ruinous* her HOUSES being not as yec boilded* [yer. 4.] 
id) Jtf' de brl. Jmd. lib. vii. c. 17. where he gives an account of the number of Obla- 
QODt » (be Paflbver, wbereia u (he re^ueft 0^ ie/Huh the High Friefts number'd the 


ObjeSlums anfwefd. 14^ 

go waa, as he bath told us what a prodigious number of Souls Je^ 
ruf^m was then capable of containii^ and coniequencly how ynSt* 
ly great the number of Houies in her muft have been ^ if I fay we 
confider th]s> and withal remember what Nehenush {a) himfelf hadi 
told us in this matter^ viz. that st his canmtg tlte Houfes nuere m$ 
ImUed, and then if finally we return to Mt.Deaifn aflertion that they 
were all bailded in the iecond of Nehemiab, all theie things putto- 
gedier^ what an ezceffive number of Houies in Mr. Deoffs Hjr* 

SAbd&i muft now at once have been rifing up together out of thor 
rmer ruins? 

But not to go fi> hi^ for the framing a judgement in this mitt<*r> 
Let us only look upon Nebemaif$ account of the method by him 
taken for the refeufong^^-^aul rebmUing if Jeruialem. That was as 
follows^ viz. after tbii^he had rebuib theWalls, and fef up the gates ef 
JerufiJemy heperfwaded the 'BMlers, ami Qreat mem thnmgheut Judsn 
CO come* and live there {h). Then he proceeded farther to obligQ 
the Commonality alio to do their parts on this occafion {e). The 
number of the former was confiderable {d). But diat of the latter 
muft have* been exceeding great: As of them it appears (e) ihst^na 
$m ten was brought out or me other Cities ^ Judah to dwell in this. 
Now confidmng the account which we read, (J) of them, who 
made the firft return (the generality of whom probably went to their 
refpedtive Cities (^)> as bobre obKrv'd,) and confidering withal their 
neceflary great inareafe {h) from that time to the time of Nehetmab^s 
comings which |was above fburfcore and ten years (/), thefe things 
duly weigh'd« and coofider'd* how vaitiv great muft have been the 
number of Inhabitants) with which NeJoemiah was now ftocking Je^ 
rufakm in order to her being again repeopled, and inhabited > Con** 
i^quently what a prodigious number or Houfes were there now to be 
letup for the receiving theie new Inhabitants ? The fetting up of 


PtfchalLuiibi* ind foand dwra to bea/^/oo diladons, or Ltmbs to 1>e killM : fo tbac 
leckoaing to every I^mb ten peribnci and to eat a Lamb not fewer were afl'embled \ yea 
many timet twenty were in company ; they feund the number amounting to 2700000^ 
M.B. Eft Sfd U^it/Eut^l wd{\m% fUV^U^i^fimrcu tr^^ «rl«, viginti ommtf 
^^^frisdM itmmermfermit fmffa fetiemt ftve zyoooot fminmnerus per decern dnSm c^-* 

vemt cmm m fmjeqmttm Myrisdmm feptmy^imis & dmcentsrmmh (r optima eomvenh twm 
ۥ mI 4/99 p, 10789 V. 199 trecentmrmm Myruukm* five 3000000. fi atcedamt mpmi, 
Hndlon in Jff.i. 1201. (s) Ch.yu.4. (k) xi. 1. (() ver.2. (a) As 
V^e learn ffom NekemuUf't account of tbem by name, Ch. xi. 99 — ro. (e) v. u 

if) viz. in £xr4, ch. ii. and Neb. yii. U) Ezra ii. i. 4md lii. i. (h) Th« 

Number of thofe who renirn'd under ZertMMt ar.d Jejhua was 49697* [Sua ii. 6^ 
^f.] Of tfaele at leaft two thirds may be fbppos'd to have been thdCe Ipoken of in 
&c. iii. u M heim* the ChiUtrm eflmfA, »htth were m their Cities. What aprodi- 
^ous increale think we muft there have been among them in fourlcore and ten yearg 
mne. Which bad paft between their coming into the Landg and Nehfmiah'sX — But of 
theie one in ten wai by his order to come and build> and take up his abode at Jem^ 
fmlem. Let any one be at the pains of making a rational computation oi" iccreafe here, 
and take one out of ten afterwards for Jertfijem^ and he may without much difficulty 
determine* whether the planting of tbeie new Colonies there was moft likely to have 
been a work of one or two years acoordiog to Dr. Frideanx, or not much mote likely to 
have been as we here take it, a work of well nigh half a Century. In fuch computa- 
tion the Reader may be pleas'd tn confult Pet^nims's [lib. ixt c« 14. de DoA. TempJ 
SKthod of calculatuig the iocreafe of people after the flood. ij) ch. zL i. 

144 ObjeBicns infwefd. 

ibefe muft fiidy have been die oondnued work of tnai^ yens^ I 
may I tbiakfay &fely> thacit was impoffiUe to have beea ck>ne to 

Add aUQ> that tfao' Ibbemiab wroi^t upon the country people 
after his havii^ (et up the Wialls at ^rufalmy which was a greater 
ioducement tlnn diey had before to come and fettle there> yet it is 
not credible^ becauie not poflible, that they fhould all-have come 
thither forthwith. For they muft neceflarily be aUowed ibme time 
to have caft lots {a) for dieir coming. They myft afterwards aUb 
have had fome dme to make the beft of their country eflfed^^ and 
to bring them xoJmifiJefih and fo to make provifionfor their build* 
ing, and future fupport diere. And finally it is much mo» likely 
that they fliould have firft got their Houfes builded at dieir leifure^ 
and convenience, and (o bive made every thing ready for their re- 
ception there againft dieir coming> than that mey fhould leave all 
their efle&s at once in the country^ and come away in a hurry to 
Jerufakm, before they had houfes to put their heads in, when they 
came> as they muft luve done upon the footing of Mr. Dea^sHj^ 

Indeed I muft be free to fay it^ for it is what I think truly, dut 
the more we look into this matter as it flands in Mr.iV^sHypo- 
thefis, the more incmiible we ihall find it. And dierefore I inall 
g^ve die truth oF it» as I conceive it to have been> as follows^ ^z. 

Nebemiah came to Jerufakm in the twmtktb year of King Ar^ 
taxerxes. There he preiendy (et about the repairing* or rebiukling 
the ruinated Walk : and run them up for preienc iecurity by the im- 
mediate Providence of God Anlm^np and protefiing the Builders 
(i) in fifty two days (c). He afterwards fet on fixit a prqje& for the 
repeopluig the yet depopulated (d) and unbuilt (e ) Citv. To that 
end he ordain'd that mteottt rfteu&ut rf the anmtry cfjudsii ihould 
come to Jerujalem to buiU^ and inhabit there (f). Thus a founda- 
tion was now laid for the rebuiUmg Jemfidem. And henceforward 
her !2lni or wafie S^ces began to be repl^iihed with Hoiifes, and 

Inhabitants, as their country Aftairs would permit their coming in 
nnto her from dme to dme* 'till at length by fuch continued accef- 
fion of people* and encreafe of buildic^ in about half a Century* 
or in fome ieven Weeks* or forty-nine years die Prophedck period, 
for the fame, (he became abfolutdy, or completely rebuilt through 
the wife conduct* and mana^ment of Nehemah the Goveraour, in 
purfuance and by virtue of that Authority to him immediately de- 
heated by King Artaxerxes in the twentieth year of his re^ for that 
very purpofc* even for the rehuiUing the City ^ Jerufidem, the Watty 
and the Streets thereof. This I humbly conceive to have been the 
plain and real truth of this matter. 


{a) Ch. xi. I. {b) Nch. !v. 6"— The People bad a mind to »or*,-— di. vi. i5 — - 

The Enemies of the Jevfs are faid to hxve perceived thst this work wss vrrei^kt if God*. 

U) Nehy vi. i ^. (d) Ch. vu.4. Th* Peopie mere as yet FEW tbtrcin. («) ib* 

The Houfe* were not bwlded, (/) Ch.a;i. i» 

OhjeSti&ns anjwer'd. 145 

Nor is it in the leaft invalidated by that which Mr. 1>ean hath told 
tls from Berodotus in a twofold teftimony of his concerning a City 
by him mentioned by the name of Cadytis, which Mr. Bean hath ap* 
pUed in favour of this part of his Hypothefis, as if the Cadytis of H?- 
rodotus werfe the City of yerufalem fuppos'd by him to have been 
completely rebuilt in the fecond year ot Nehemah's coming thither> 
Cr fbon after. But thefe teftimonies being both of theth miiapplied^ 
^ I (hall b^ leave toprove> cannot have any thing to do in the cafe 
before us, * 

The former Teftimony applied by Mr. Bean in this cafe ft:ands 
thus in Herodotus {a). That Hiftorian making mention of ^harao 
NleMs expeibthn in the year (h) when JoCizh King of Judah o^jr; 
lalPd by htm in the valley of Megiddo {c)^ hath the following words, 

K«^<y v^?i» 7% Si^in$ ieSr«9 fjbi'/alxiiu ixt, i. e. Pharao Necho in a 
Land engagement *with the Syrians (the ^ews) at Magdolum (or ifcH?- 
ffddi) (d) of- the Scriptures) there gaif/d a Viiiory over them : and of' 
terwards he took the City Cadytis^ ivhich was a great City of Syria. 

In the latter (e) that Hiftorian ag^in fpeaking of a City call'd C^- 
dytisy he hath this obfervation concerning it> that it was a City in 
MS ofimm mi much lefs th^n Sardes. From thefe teftiraonies Mr. Beam 
hath concluded (/) that the Cadytis twice mentioned by this Hifto- 
rian was theyerujaJem 6f the holy Scriptures : and hence he hath in- 
fcrr'd that that City was brought to its perfedion in building quick- 
ly after Nehemiah's proje&ing the repeopling^ and rebuilding of 

For»laithMr.Dean (1:), Herodotus who traveltd through Judxz 
tf little after this time (h) doth in the defcriptim which he gives us if 
ity copjf'are it to Sardes the fnetropolisof all the Lefler Afia (i). Which 
(adds Mr. Dean) mamfefily proves that by the reftoring, and building 
Iff the Street and Ditch if JcruMem mentioT^d in the Prophecy of Da- 
niel could not be meant this (the litteral) rebuilcBng if the Walls and 
void places of that City, For what was pre&^ed by that paffage was 
not to be done but injeven weeks of years » that is forty-nine years. 

To which I beg leave to reply, that the faid litteral rebuilding if 
Jeruialem, as in the nature of the work (as above fliewn) it feemeth 
not in the leaft probable, nor fo much as podible to have been ac* 
compliflied, fo> as I now proceed to obferve, in fad it was not fiilly 
accompliftied in a lefs period of time than the here predided period 
of feven Weeks, or forty- nine years for any thing that there is in the 
leaft in thefe teftimonies proving the contrary, however to Mr. Bean 
they may havejienfd MAKltESTL, t to prove the contrary, 

L For 

(4) c. 1S9* (^) ^'^* ^n the year before «^. D. 6io. (c) aKingi 

Xxiii. z^. 2 Chr. xxxv> 22. (d) Megiddo Urbs mediterranea prcpe quam hoc prae- 

lium. ^^of.xvii' il. Idagtddn dicimr C/r^/ifo Migdn: quod parum abeft ^Migdolt quo 
snodo fagninus \e%\i in Rx9d, xiv. u ubi sv\^o Magdolum, {Gale in iiouad lkr»d, p. 
13 in voce M«yli»A^. (*) Lib. iii. $• if) Con. Hill. p. f6, jy. (g) p. 

968 liib medio. (h) fix, after the 21ft of Artaxtrxesi or the year before %A* 9» 

4f4« U) AndfQ Mr.Pcwhacb obfen'd el&where, vi;c. io p. s6» /;• 

t4<$ Objeifi&m mtpmfi. 

For no^ to Infift upM the uficen«iocy of otfaer Cifcumftance^ 
her:!, yix., of the tiine of Heretbtnis trsvelling to Thuriam, af$d 
thence into the Eafty and fi tbroftgb Judxa» and there of bis feeing the 
city Cadpitt Mr Dsan's ftippos'd Jeriffaiem, and accordingly infert- 
ing this obfervatioD of it in bis Hiftory^ {viz, of its being bigger 
than Sardes) long after his having recited the i^e at Athens {a^), I 
fay not to urge ^ainft the Objedion the uncertainty ok thefe par- 
ticularsj I am ccxitent to lee the force thereof lie whoily upon the twp 
following aflertions contain'd in iCj which ought to be c^takb or ior 
dubitable, otherwife it can b< of no We^t* viz, 

Firft« that Herodotus &w Jet uf aim in his jev:^ travels; 

Secondly) and confequehdy that the City by bim c^dlc^ Cadjti$ 
Was queflionle^ that City. 6uc 

Firib it is nbt only ihoft uhcerta^ whether Htrodofus (aw jfer^ 
falem in his travels, Or not^ but h is indeed flipft probable tl^ he 
did not for the following reafon : viz, thtt iS mrufakm had been 
tdually rebuilt^ and had tetovefd its nmcnnt hfre, gM vids became 
agam a Citj ef great note in thofe fOrts at the dole wbea Herodotttf 
is {aid to have travell'd in that councnr« tod if withsdl he was bimfelf 
in that City, all which particulars the leatned Dr. Fridednx would fate 
pcrfWade us to have beeh fad, in that cafe doubtiefi that great Hir 
ftorian would have giv'n us a particular deferipdon (h) Of fuch a |^ 
rious City : a City this well worthy of his more imnvediate notici?> 
and defcription, being the metrofolis of all Jxidxsty aiod the flace where 
the Ihfipleftood. For his peculiar genius ted htm curioufly to obferve 
things, and perfons^ and places moft remarkable : and his Talent lay 
much in dcicribing them accordiiwly. Therefore fiifdy hiad he ever 
been at Jerufalem he couW not poffibly have been akc^ther fitent as 
to things notable there. If there bad been nothing elfe there for him 
to have remarked, he could not poffibly but have knade his Obfer* 
vations of the Temple, had he been there tcJ fee it. Here efpeci- 
ally there was occaiion gtv'n him for to have expatiated \\\ his Uiiial 
way. But not one word hath he iaid about it. Confequently it is 
much more probable than not, it is in tmth thuch more than proba* 
ble that he^ never was at that City. Nor 

. Secondly, is it in the leaft likely that the City by hkn caMed C#- 
dytis was the City of Jerufalem, 

Dr. Prideaux hath indeed fo concluded (c) from the lik^eis 
6f iignificadon (d) that there is between the word Cadjftss^ and the 


{a) Viz. in the laft year of the eight|r third Olmpiadt of in die year before, A4 
v. 445'. (*) Viderur urbs Cadytts cooipeJa ab Hefdtfl Si ea JermfaMn 

fuifTeC) num neglexiilec nientionem Templi, & toe flupendorum operum* quibus ilia 
urbs prse aliis eminu<t> quum ip(e rerum quas vidit in urbibus miniu nobilibus mentis 
onem hciat accuratam ? iReUndns in PaUfHna in voce C^ytU,'] (f) Gon. Hifi. 

p. ;6, 57. (i) V^ nich notion is thus exploded by ReUmdms. Sdo per Cadytim 

urbeui Hierafolymam a viris do&is tntelligii Sc .illud vel a PtE^IHp San&a, vel 
KPn'^np combufh duci. Sed idmihi non probatur : quum ufitatiffimum hierit nomea 
Jerttjaiem & y^ndsst & aliis* & iltud SamS^i^ vel cvmhmfim non pro DominibaSy fed £pi« 
mm Url» UUu< ha;beri poiliu Koa (bloit ia apud HiilMicof Vrbes nuncupari* Ted. 


OBje^ions anfwer'd. i47 

tu^etn word Alkuds the My City as Jerufakm was calFd. But with- 
out dUpute this can he of no weight otherwile than the word Cody- 
tf$ were certainly the true r^a^ing in Herodoitus. And yet this is un* 
cert9in« es there is % various reading here, {a) \vhich cpnfequendy 
verv oiuch weakens Mr. Deanh argument. 

Ekit admitting that ^adytis were the true rqding of Herodotus tvesi.. 
in both places of his bool^j whpre he fpeaks of a City by that namc> 
yet that he could not poffibly mean the Eaflem Al-kuds, or Jeru-- 
film in et(iher> i^ I think pretty certain to be concluded from t)ie 
ibilowing arguments, vha. 

Firft« becauie the Cadytit of Herodotut in the former (b) pa(&ge 
could certainly be no other than the {c) Carchemijh of the holy Scrip- 
tures. The very occaiiop of Herodatus his there making mention of 
the City Cadyth compar'd with the Scripture account of Kecho's Ex- 
pedition evidendy ihews it. For he there gives an account of what 
that Egyftian King did prefendy after hi^ having beaten the Syrians 
(the Jvwr) at Magdoknh (ox the Scripture MegiSdo, as above noted) 
vfc. that he took a (d) great City of Syria call'd Cadytis : not Jent^ 
fabm, as Dr. PHdtattx would have it ; for neither Scripture, nor Jo^ 
fifb¥$ hath told us any thing of it, as queftionlcis they would> bad 
wi& been b&. And from the former (e) it is plain that Tharao Ne-- 
ih went not to Jerufakm^ but to Carchemjb (f) prefently after his 
vidory at Meg^do. And from (g) Jofefhus it appears that he njxnt 
ifmay theme fir the Euphrates : which confirms the Scripture Ac- 
pouhjc, as Carchefmjb was by that river (h). That City he took : and 
therefore that Qty, and not Jerufakm was the Qty of Syria men- 
tioned here (i) by HeroJotns under the name of Cadytis. And herein 
^q the following Confiderations abundandy confirm us. As 

Firft, it was Fharao Kechtfs intention from his firft fetting out up- 
ca this expedition to go, and lay fiege to this Qty qf Carckemijb (k). 
ips puipofe from the beginning was to fight not the Jews, but the 

L 2 Af- 

Homini^t fuisy & not'u. — Porro tanc Vox Urbis addi omruno d^buerat» nti in Echt 
llaUbad, Jerufakm KpT'p^ .^P"^? ^^^^ combufta appellatur [fo. 70 1.] quod 
Gloffacor per HB^Iiy Ty explicac. TJii itaqueUrbs ilia nSl*^^ no« *"*^ *^*»^^» 
fie ncc Hm^p^ vd Knnnp vel nty^^p "" »ec Sanaa unquam dicitur, mfi 
Vox Urbs addatur, [RtU in Pal, in voce Cadytis!] [a] Stepbanus legit Ka^flif . 
6c K«f Jflij dicitur Cod. Arch, in Mappis Vulgarib\is Cad'ffa, [Gate in voce f^Xtti. 
p. 13. not. ad Htnrod.'] And p. 14. the word jKcJlr?-*^ »" Herod, Jib. iii. J. in Cod 
Arch, is faid to be K^APri®-. (*) t;/a:. in lib. ii. c. I jj. (c) 2 Chr, xxxv* 

*o. Jer. xivi. J. (d) Dr. Prid. caUs it THE grear Ci y Cadytis (THE) by way 

Jot emphalis to let off his opinion as more plaufible, that it may look ihe more like the 
.City ot Jermfalem. Put Herodotus his words doubtlefs in the plain propriety of SpeeA 
idenote only <^rMrCi(;«/ Syria. (e) 7. Chr, xxxv. 20. (/) A Mafd^lorc&k 

^etidit Necho Sd Cdrcbemi/hum, {Gale m Herod, in notls p. 13 ir\ voce J^mn."] 
ig) Ant. X. s- {*) 2 Chrott, xxxv. 20. Jer. xlvi. 2. (0 ^/«. in book ik 

c. 15-9. (*) 2 Kings xxiii. 29. In bis Cfojjah's) days Pharao Necho^ King of ^- 

rtpt wtot op agaioft the King of *^jfyria to the river Ettphratft : and as it is exprcU- 
% fiid> a Ckr^laas7f^Q> tkcanac up to fight ag^inft Carchtmijh by En^hrattu 

148 ObjeSfians anfwefd. 

jiffyrians (a) : to go towards the Eufbrates xo retake (b) what the 
jijjyrian had got from him. What then bad he to do with Jerufa^ 

leml Tis true indeed that King J^Rah gave Urn provocation 

enough bv impeding his pafSige at MeguLh, where he met with his 
death. But it no where appears that Necho now any farther heeded 
the yews. He only repell'd their oppofition at MegiJJoy aixl then 
diredly purfued that rout which he was taking towards ilie Eupbra-' 
teu And 

' Secondly^ It is plain from Dr. Vrideaux himfelf that Tharao Necho 
went diredly towards the Euphrates to Carchent^ after his vidory 
at MegidJo {c\ For 'cis only in -his return that b; brings him to Je^ 
ruCakm (J). But the Cadytis here of Heroiaus was certainly the 
city which he took after his vidory at MegiJdo^ therefore it was not 
Jerufalem^ but Carchemjh, But after all 

Thirdlyj It doth not appear that Necho took Jerufahm at all in this 
Expedition ^ nor is it likdv that he did ,* not berore his going to 
Carchemtlbj for then not the peopk (ej, but he certainly would have 
appointed a Kit^ over them : not after, for he had no occafion for 
if, as the Hiftory plainly fliews. For whereas King Jehoahaz was 
King fet up by the neople after Jofiah^ him he fent for upon his re* 
turn from Carchemjo to ^hlah (/) in Sytiay and he fubmitted him- 
felf accordingly, by going thither to hifn at bis comlnand, where he 
made him his rrifoner {g) : as 'tis evident both from Scripture, and 
(*) Jofephiit. And there alfo he put the Land to tribute (i). So 
that the Egyptian now thus doing what he woukl with the Je<wsy 
confining their King and taxing their Land, he had them plainly 
under fubjedion, and confequently there was no occalion for his 
ufing violence againfl Jerufalem to take it. He mfeht poiSbly {k) 
call in there in bis way home, and there confirm all that he had done 
before at RiUah, but he did fo without the leaft oppofition, or dif^ 
turbance from the Jewh that we any where read or either in Scrip* 
ture, or Jofiphus, So that all this part of Tharao Nechc^s a&ion with 
the yews was fiibfequent to his taking of Carchemsjb, which was his 
principal bufinefs, as we have feen, from his firft ietting out from 
home, and which he took after his vidory at the Magdokm of He^ 
rodotuss or the Mepddo of the Scriptures : and therefore the Cadytis of 


(4) 1 Kings xxiii. 29. and alfo 3^«/^ Am.x. f. where ic is faid exprefflychac Neth^ 
vkh a great army bene his courfe towards Etiphratest to war aguaft the Medes, a^d 34- 
hylonians. {b) Hiam partem SyrU fibi vcndicabat Bgjftius, Urbs Carchemijh olim 

#uerat ditionis iUiusi fed ceperac Ulam Rex ufjptr» & Rex jfram, [P«A Synopf. in 
.Jer, xlvi. a.] ic) p. 56, S7' (^^ »l»' («) ^ " appears they did, 

'% Kings xxiii. 30, and Jof. Ant. x- f. (f) The Antitchmi Syris^ {x) 2 Kinga 
xxiii. and 2 Chr. xxxvi. and Jof. Ant. x. j. {h) in loc. cic (»J 2 Kings 

'xxiii. 33. (*) For in the 2 Ckron. xxxvi. 3* it Is did that:ihe King of £jy<^ 

Sut Jehoahaz down at ferttfaUm, But this may be no otherwifc than as Fs^n un- 
erftands thofe words, viz,, that he /hould'not reign at Jtrmfslein ; for it is certain frooi 
:^ Kings xxiii. 33. that he had done this before at Rihlak, Bat if he did come to yerw 
faltm, and there confirm all this as he might do, yetdoubtlefs he came thither with- 
out an/ oppoficion from the Je^sy and coofe^uendy He htd no occadon givo^ hin ^j^ 
making any aOault upon it to cake U, 

Obje^ions anjwefd. 149 

former muft luve been the Carchemijh of the latter. And fo it 
will farther appear to be> if we confider 

TiirJfyj that the City taken by Pbarao Necho quickly after his 
Viiflory at Mtgiddo was a Qty (ituate near the Euphrates (a). But 
this (h) Cadjtis of HerodQtut was the City fo taken by Necho. It 
could not therefore be Jerufakm : for what relation is thete between 
that City, and a City faid to'be fituate by, or not far from the 
river Euphrates ? Therefore Herodotus his Cadytis here muft remain 
to the Carchemlb of the Scriptures. And Confequencly his tefti- 
mony in this paflage of bis book is entirely uncapable of proving 
that for which it is alledg'd, and which hath giv'n occafion to au 

that hath been now faS upon it. But we are yet to con- 


Secmuttj, the other paflage in Herodotus by Mr. Dean urg'd in fa- 
vour of his Cadytis being the Jerufakm of the Scriptures, as that 
Hiftorian eliewhere {c) fpeaking of a Qty by that name, i^ith of ic 

that it was not much kfs than the City Sardes. — And what then, 

as I here b^ leave to put the queffion ? What tho' Hersdotus fpeak- 
ing of a certain Qty caU'd Cadytis hath giv'n us this de/cription of it ? 
Surely this proves nothing at all in the cafe before us. It neither 
proves that this Cadytis of Herodotus w^ the fame with his other (d) 
Cadytis, nor doth it prove this to have been Jerufalem : however 
Mr. Dean hath fo concluded in both thefe particulars. But the con- 
trary is I think fully evident from Herodotus himfeif, as it will ap- 
pear by our confidering the OCCASION of his making mention 
here of a City call'd Cadytis. 

That was no other than as he was defcribing the rout which Cam^ 
iyfes's Army in his war againft Egypt took in their march out of 
Ferffa through the Dclarts of Arabia to Felujium. In (hort, it was 
as follows : It feems that a brave njjarrior, one Phanes by name who 
had formerly been an auxiliary to Amafis King of Egypt, hut "was 
now come over to Cambyfes King of Perfia, put him uponjhk&ng to the 
■King of the Arabians to be affijHng to him in his march through the 
departs of his Country, becauie (as Herodotus here afCgns the rea- 
fon) ff'i'n tdyrn lurX ^iutftci JaCaAtM •$''Aiyv^«r. 'Ax$ ^ ^I'iXVf, flc9. 
i. c. Cambyfes could have a free paffage for bis army only bfith^t 
noay into Egypt : even becaufe the Country from Phoenicia as far as 
the mountains ef the city Cadyds belongs to thofe Syrians vAnch are 
commonly known to us by the name of Paleftines. But from Cadytis 
^uinch it a City in my opinion not much kfs than Sardis, the Seat 
Fort Towns w alonj^ as far as the City Jenyfus are under the jurif* 
££iion of the Arabs, &c. This being the teftimony, and this the 
occaQon of Herodotus his taking notice of the City Cadytis, and the 
mountains of Cadytis^ even as Cambyfes his Army marching 

L 3 throuj^ 

{s)%Ckrm. xxxv. »o. Jet. tlvi. &• {h) vie chit mention'd In Bh*u. €* tS9^ 
0f which oflly I have been hicherto ipeakuig. (<) vtK, io Uk, i4> «• /• 

156 OhjeBims anfwefd. 

through the Defarts of Arabia muft have gone not fax from dh6lq 
Mountains into Arabia Fetraa in their Way to Velufim^ we are 
plainly inform'd of the (icuation of diis 'Cadjftis^ as it Tay a gtatc 
way trofti JerufpJem, even in the borders of Syria, afkd Sduth Eift 
of Jerufalem^ and North Weft of the Mountains fo cali'd, (probably 
firotn the City) as the Reader may be pleas'd to fee diftindiy in the map 
placed before Herodotus in the late learned Dr. Ga2?'s edition of it. 

Add to what hath been iaid on this occafion that ilerodotus was 
here defcribing the Sea-fort Tbvms {a) j but what had Jerufdkm to 
do with them.^ 

For thefe reafons as this Cadytis could not be Jentfalem as Dr. 
Trideaux would have it to be, (fir What had Catnhyjes his army 
to do there> or to march by that City which was {o much ovtc 
of their way, as it lay a great diftance to their right as they 
were going to Veluftum ?) fo neither could it be tlifc other Cigdj^ 
tis (h) of Hcrodbtns by Mr. Dean alfo fuppos'd to have teen it 
For that other Cadytisj as it was a great City of Syria taken l^ 
Fh. Necho after his viilfory at Magdolum, according to Ketodotus, 
(or Megiddo\) and as the City fo taken according to the Scriptures 
was a City (ituate near the mcx Euphrates, it comd not poffibw bej 
as I have lliewn, any other than their Carcbendlb {c), Dut ifi) this 
Cadytis of Herodotus was as far from that river, as was Jertijaifm: 
and confequently could no more be the Carchewijb of the Scrip- 
tures, than it was Jerufakm, or the Cadytis (e) which Nari&0 tObk. 

Whereabout, or how near fituate to the Euphrates dther the 
Carchemijb of the Scriptures, or that Cadytis of Hetodotus which 
Necho took, and which, as 'tis plain, muft have been that Catcher 
nujby I will not among the variety of opinions ( f ) concerning k 
take upon me to determine (g). Nor need I in tne cafe bdbre us« 
wherein I apprehend my felf to be no farther concem'd than to 
obviate Mr. Dean^s objeftion againft our Hypothefis in this part of 
it i which I hope that I have fully done^ in having ihewn that be 


' {tf)i^d? ^lodniiimsconvenUt.ftaec.opundcuin ipfb fff^^M, Verfatur in de- 

Icnbcnda ora maricima, in qua non erac JerMfalem,- — A Cadyti utiq; ad Jenyjkm rtpQ 

ar£uit> earn efl'e urbem quam jimrniariHS voaa. CercHjtitm, Zojhnm Ksfnirtt^ VideOtte^ 
isMftt in Circfjfttm, & Cadtipj. OplnorX«J^<9]^fitnovo£acamhaocdibetti,'ddAdc Air« 
^hemjhmm a clade. Vox. enim figoiBcarUrbem ddeeiQi. Earn poft tetila fiecula Diteftfi* 
snm munivit. [Galei^ Htrodotmm lib. U. t, jf^* lavoceKd^tf ionotis^ 13.3 — . 
Ego arbem Gath hoc nomine di£bun intellig^rem* qux Uii^i^ auc %Mhm^ nuocupatt 
fueric, Ci qui line montes ''Opi « KicJ^iof liquerec, &e* [Relandm in FaieflinM in vooo 

' JSji^vi^,'] (i) -Aftd yetl hope the Reader will pardon me (hotdd I be milhken, if j 
venture to throw in a oonje^hire here, a^if the Cadjftis which Necho is laid by Heftktut 
to have taken* might be the Hierafolis of Sjri4i. For the Greek Hierafolis is of cbe fime 
fignificai;ion with the Eafiern Cadytis^ And there is equal reaibn to argue here from the 

' ^ie of the name for the HierapoUs of Sifria» as for Dr. ^MtMme to nave argued hom 
whence for bis ^/kmds, or Jirufalem, which Oty^ as I have ihewn* ic could iierer be on 
a^oy accQuocf. fioc (h^Q is Uiis farther \p fate iaid foe ita kdog t£crsHUs» that the 


Obj£3ims g»fwefd. 151 

is miftatoQ in the v^ery fouadacioa, or ground of it^ as k is eatirdy 
built upon a fuppofaon of the Caddis of Hergdottis its being tl;ie 
y&rufJ&m of the ScripcusAs. And £> I may have done wich ^bis 
Qii^eaioa. Bi^t 

I^/xj tiMM is yet another^ as Mr. Pi^n hath beeii pkas'd to 
look usfovi Utbemiah as a Repairer, zvA £oUrger ooly o^ Jerufalem, 
and Dot Brc^ieiiy the robuSder of it, wd thence to have excluded 
Ae «:«Mm;g; the viidU» andftr^s thereof iby Hehennah from being 
the rebuildicqg; predicted io this Prophecy, and confeaueotly to haVe 
cxcludk;d likevnfe the cxpreis CommanJnimf for the laid rehuiUing in 
diie Pumtiifh^f Artaxerxes&ombeiiiig the propbetick Command^nemi 
dae gimg forth ^whereof is here predi<Slied> and to which we are pin* 
aed d€>wii for ^the faegtmifig ot .the feyea ^.eeks« aod iixty two 
weaks of obis Propbecy. 

But our immediate ceply to this.Ot9e(3iQn becomes needlefs here^ 
becaufe it bath beaa already in part qbviated in our occalional ac- 
couot of ixlefaemiifa'/ rehuUdng Jeruf^lem^ and the fame will of 
COUI& be iiiUy vemoved> by our proceeding to take off thofe other 
OhjeAioQS of Mr. JJieam^Si which we are yet to look into, as be 
faatih ;^Kg^ied &om the holy Scriptures, in favour of bis AHertion of 
Jerufalem its being rehuilf hy virtue afCyx\Ji^^s Decree, and long be- 
fore iM0WMi&^ coming ttucher. And whereas I have now, I think> 
^^faolly done with his other Obie(S);iops, which make up the rcafon- 
ifig part of his Hypochefis, and wbich I was in the firfl place to con* 
MtX'i and reply to, I may thecefoce now proceed, 

Secondly, to fuch Objedions wbich Mr. Dean hath rais'd here 
6om tbeholy&:ripciii«s. And 

Fhf, Mr. J^eoM bach pleaded the two following texts in Jfaiah 
on this ocoalion. The one in Chapter xliv. 28, wherein it was 
prophefied of Cyrus, that h^Jhouldfay /9 Jcrufalem> be thou huik^ 
mdto tSetknfky thy foujtdafims /baJi be had. The other in Chap- 
tar xlv. 9.%'i i»4ierein k is fakl of the iame Cyrus, tkat God ijjouid 
rmje him Mf, /aul dtre& krnn that he flmld .huild his City, and 
wdeafe hk Csftives, Mere iS is oifenfd (iaich {a) Mr. Dean) that 
be that teleapd Gois xCaptives, atik laid the foimdatm of the Temple 
vsas to he the ferfm^ $ha$ nms to rebuild Jerufalem. 

Now as Mr. Bean hath here obferv'd that Cyrus vjos to ^ 
be njJoo JhouU rf^«i/e/jeruialem, if beooeans it only confequentially^ 
as CyrusV rekafngaf Gots Caftrves* aini fending tbem hon)e> (as he 
•Oudly did) with his espre& licence to lay thepmudatims of the T^- 

L 4 fie 

SituatioD of it anlwers well upon all acooantt, as it was a City fituate nor far from the 
iBaphr^ut, and very well acct>r4s to tbat part of Ntfbe'i Hiftory, as he is fkid to have 
gone to ^ibM from Carfhemi/h, as the laid RihUh is luppos'd to have been the *Antiacb 
ff S^isi and lies SoMth Weid of Hierap9^s, or nearer to Jermfaiem> from whence Nnh§ 
is laid to have ient for King Jikoabax to kfbUth, [x KM*is xxiii.] Add alfo that the 
Carchem(fhoi theScrii)tures9 ^nd the Carshehijh of fofipkus might be Catcadiflj, or l^r;- 
^th i^4^4 which is no other than the 0-eek Hier'apolis. And this being io the remote^ 
paru of ^ria bom E^pit it is no wonder that all tS^yria was now reduced to him, as 7o- 
Jifbms \^jtnu X. 6.J (aith that it was, he having been thus fuccefsful at the Cadytis of ife- 
wdoimst and the Carcbtmtjh of the Scripures. which we therefore uke to have bean tht 
flUrafQlh aforclaad. [a) Cm, Hifi. p, ^67, /. 19, 

152 ObjeSiians anjwe/di 

fk would in procels oF time be followed with the reimUmg of tbi 
City alfOi it is readily granted (if). But if this be all> the Objedion 
is of no weight to the exduding the Ommandmewt in the aoch of 
Artaxences /or the tebmUmg theJVatt» af§d Streets of JenxMem from 
being the Uommandment referr'dto by the Prophet Darnel: becaufe 
fuch Prophetick rebuilding of the City> twc, the wallt, wad the 
Streets thereof^ was the immediate efied iMt of CyrusV Decree, but 
ef King ArtazerxesV fome fourfcore and ten years after : as We have 
ah^dy {een. 

But if Mr. Dean means as much as this here, a«2. that Jetufa-^ 
km^ i. e. the fValls and Streets cf that City were rebuilt by the im-* 
mediate virme of Gyms'/ Decree, (andfo he muft mean to give his 
ObjefUon we^c here^) then as tbe Fa& evidently proves the con-< 
trary> fo the Texts now before us do in no wife warrant it. The 
Prophet Ifaiah could not intend it in the former text (^j, becaufe 
tho4 words of filing to Jcryfalem) fc thou bmk are to be under- 
ftood as fpoken not of Cyrusy but of God. The Context evidently 
fhews it (r) : and the undercited {d) Authorities abundandy confirm 
it. Nor could the Prophet intend any fuch meanmg in the lat- 
ter {e) Text> becaufe however it be there predided tbit GodJbonU 
Sre^ Cyrus, that hejhould build his City, yet 

Firfiy if the word City be underftooa ftridHy as denoting the 
vjolls, and Streets or Houfes rf Jeru£ilem which conftitute a City, 
fuch rebuilding as I have fliewn could be only confequential : and 
fo the Objedion becomes of no force. And 

Secondly^ the word City may here immediately denote the Temple> 
as that made it the City cf God, or the Holy (/) City: being the 
grands and principal part, mePaUadium^ the ornament, and defence 
of it. Ancf fo the learned Grotius (g) underftands it> from the pa-» 
rallel place (h) where Cyrus himfelf takes it in charge from God 
immediately to build ("not the City, or the WaUs^ and void [faces of 
Jerufalem but) the Temple : even to build God an HO USE im 
Jerufalem which is in Judah. And for that only fas I have former- 
ly (hewn) his Decree runs accordingly, and in expreb terms. And 
Mr. Dean himfelf (as I have alfo formerly ohCcrrd) pleads for no- 
thing more in that Decree for the rebuilding of the City than barely 
an implicit Licence, But that comes not up to the Commandment re- 
ferred to by the Prophet Daniel, to which we are pinned down in 
the text (i) for the banning of the Weeks now before us> as that 
V(^ to be EXPRESS for the rebuilding not the Temple (as was 


{m) As Cyrus gave the firft occafioo, and To may be faid to be the Doer of that/which wts 
done feme time after. {b) Jf, xliv. 28» {c) As all from ver. 24.' of that Ohamer is 
fpoken not of Cyrus» bat ot God. {d) So the LXXs fo the T. L. 'So the thoideg 
Parapbrafe. (e) If. xlv. 13. ( /) As it is frequently taU'd in the holy Scriptures in 
TefyeB. ot the Temple. So pardcutarly Ifsiah xlviti. 2. They emit themfihes of the HO- 
LT CITY, or as it is in the Hikrew the CXTY of HOLINESS in rcgaxd of God's 
S^iffuary there (eated, and his Name or Werjhif there fettled. Demt, xi/. I ir-— 2. Cbr$w» 
>^. 12, 16. (^} in Ifaiah xlv. 13. Citntatem meamt nempe iUenfitymatih u e« 
Templum, partem urbis potiffinum. {h) m. & CArwi. Toaeju %ii \f)tk, ix* 2 j; 

OhjeStigns anfw^'d, ?5? 

that b( Cjtui) but the WALhS and STREETS^ or void Spa^ 
«^ JerufaleoQb (as was that of Art^xerxes Xoog after.) And mtxf^ 
fore this lacten and not the former was its. for any thing that can 
be made to appear to the contrary from the torecited Texts of Ifai^ 

ah.-' ^Nor doth that make againft m» which Mr. Dean Bad) 

uiged (a), 

SeconJly, from Ezra, t»{b) we there read that the Cmplaint ^ the 
weighhwring natms to the Perfian Omrt againft them that 'were rer 
twfid 'ujas that they htihkd Jeruialem that rebellious, and bad Citjjf 
and hadfet uf the Walls thereof, and joined the fmndatums of it. 

For either this Acculation by the Enemy was true, or not. If it 
was truths then it appears that the Jews exceeded the Permiffion 
granted them for the buiUing only their Temple, and were therefore 
hinder'd from going on with their unjuftifiable work in building their 
Cityy as the Sequel (c) of the Hiftory Ihews that they were hinder^. 
But if the Accufation was not true, then there is no force in Mr. 
J)eaff$ aiguxxjent. And that it was not true, it doth fully ap-* 

Firft, from the execution of the King's anfwer to their com- 
plaint, which was to make the Jews to ceafe building by force and 
fO'Vjer,(d): building what .^ — nothing but the Houferf God: as it 
appears from the text (e), viz. then ceafed the work of the Houje of 
Cod. unto the fecottd year tf the reign of Darius King of Per- 

Secondly^ Then upon the Jews attempting this work a fecond 
time the fame Complaint was renewed by the Enemy {g), but 
widi more modefty> and truth. For now they reprefented no more 
Co Darius, than that the Jews were buil£ng the Houfe of Gody and 
fnaiing up the walls of the old Temple (h). The Jews con- 
fcflfcd the charge, and pleaded the Decree of Cyrus for their do- 
ing this (i) : which was to this efFedt, Let the Houfe of God be 
hmlded in its place (k). Since that time^ fay they^ even until now 
it hath been in buiUingy and yet it is not finijbed (I). The building 
the Temple is the only crime they were accus'd of. The build- 
ing of die Temple, Is what they pleaded a Decree for : and Darius 
hearing their report of die Cafe renewed Cyrus his Decree to buiU 
the Thnpk, and no more (m). But 

, ThirMy, We find Mr. Dean (n) urging yet one other Text in fa- 
vour of his early rebuil£ng ^ Jerufalem by virtue of Cyrus his De^ 
€ree, as the Prophet Haggai (o) hath fpoKen of fbme ceiled Houfis 
diere^ in his rebuke cf^t Govemour and High Prieft (p), as in fuch 
veiled Houfes they dwelt^ and at the (ame time let the Houfe of God lie 

wafte, But I pray leave to ask here, what of this? — If the 

Prophet had not told us^ we ihould eadly have fuppos'd that there 


(4) Cm, JSfl, p. 268. hi! line but 13* (h) CbAv. 11. (c) v. 21. (^0 

V. 13, (*) V. 24. (/) ib. (s) Ck, V. 6y &c. (h) V, 8. (0 v. 1 3. 

0) V. IS* (/) V, s5. (*») Ch. v'u 7, &c. t») Com. Wft. p. 268. la& Uoe buc 
|.* (•) Cb. i. 4, {f) For to tbem tbe Prophet addreflecb kimielf. 

t54 Ohjeltims mifwif*d. 

weie ibnie few Inhtbkants now at Jtrufakm^ ttid codequeaity 

Houfes for them co dwdl io. ^Poifibly fome few out of devotioii 

mig^t have fettled near die phce where God's Akar was eredied. 
Others bad run up bats, for tbemfelves to live dry in> while cfaey 
kboui'd in the wm of the Temple. And iio dotrt>t the Govern- 
our> and theHigh-Prieft who wene diftinguiflied by their adowtnact 
by the pecole as w^ as by their ftacion md better Houfes prepared 

for them, man the reftiof the people. But what ihpn 1^— ^Do 

Hhiee or four c^ed ttHi/es (a), or fiveor fix hundred Huts make a 
Qty ? — Or much lefi codd the oaee fi;reat Qtv of Jerufdm be 
dencmunated tebuih from a coHeftion dTzfsv) {h) Houfas and Peo^ 

^ ? ^No. ^It appears vriien God promifetjh the retmUmgif ^ 

7>i9ipi!f« he meant mat it ihould foe reMlf m HsfLue: and fo ^Aen 
he predkSedthe iebu9dii^df ferrfahfh he meant that her HF^itfr 
fhould be rebuilt, and all ner 'mfidjfaces in that circumfereqce> and 
be repeppled widi Inhabitants as formerly. But this in FACT «s 
yet was not accom^iffaed. It was far from it feme tbreofeore and 
fifteen years after (f), when Nehemah came thither from SaMm 
nmth au exfrefs OnmM^mfrim ¥j9$g Artaxerxes for the reiwLb^g 
if that City. A Cic^ wnidi «ven then« (Mr. J>e0^s ceUed fiSnv- 
fes Tpdten of by the Profdiet SU^d notwithftandij^) in the laii« 
guage of Kebemiah {d) fo long after ni;^ a City that lay wafie'^ A 
City 'udxtfe fFALL <u}as as yet brohin dmuny ivbafi Gates ivere as yet 
€mfitfiid *fJMth fire {e)y whoje Peopk ^wq^e as yet few, ^xndvfhfi 
HOUSE S ivere nav as yet huHdea {f). 

Confequcntly, Mr. l^ean^s fore-cited Texts notwidiftanding, we 
cannot but conclude the very reverie of his general Afl^ionj 
v^hich hath been fo long under confideration ; viz. that Jerufalem 
after its having been defrayed hy the Babylonians v}as in novnfi agam 
rebuilt (however Mr. Dean hath aSirm'd> and maintained that it 
was rebuilt) by virtue of that Decree 'which Cyrus granted in ^ 
firft year of his reign for the rekafe^ and refiar^ion ef the Jews. 

And pray we therefore after all to give Nehemiah the credit of 
this greats and glorious work, as we are now to tio of courfe> and 
,as we have thus made way for it, in our having fhewn die 
invalidity of the contrary aflertion^ and as it wfll appear in juftice 
We ought to do, however Mr. Dean hath told (g) us that idl that 
. Nehemah did in it was only an Bnlarffng, or r^airing rf that City, 
but in no viife the Rebuilding theretf. 


{a) For mtny fuch ceiUd Hdnjes' tbere could not be> becaufe the BEST and RICHEST 
of the Jii»s» whole condition might have enabled them to have built fuchdwellia^ {daces 
79t Jermfd/emt are by Dr. Prid. htmielf, [Cw» Hift. p. 1389 I42> aad a68«] fupnoa^ 
not CO have left 'Babyhn: and *tis evident} that iiich as did return from 'Baiylm, did not 
bowever go to live at Jerufalem \ for the/lW^r/ andGredt Men were in the other Ci- 
ties of Judah 'till after Nehemiah* s coming to Jermfaiem : when* and not before they went 
»tl»ther, uj>«n his projected reptvptmg, and rebmidimg thereof. [Neb. th. xi. i.] (k) 

'SecNeh. c/Er.vii.4. (c) For Haggaiptofh^ed in «do. Vani, t«K«in the year before 
of. D, f 10, ^and Nthtmiahvuae fiot to Jerufaian 'ti^ the zoth of %ArUt9c«rec9s,-f3it io tba 
year before ^. D. 445-. (^ «ir« ii. )• (^j^.itg* (/] fKviL4» 

{l) Cw, Hifi. p. 2.87. Tub fine. 

f'dt ^SM t^Udi HebtffOitb^ for the np^^hi^ md rOmlAig if 
yetfMetSi v(^ 1b truth ta^rt tiilki dl tint had been done^ her in 
tbuHcofie afid Ml years before C^). ite biAe% to hts tionour it 
flity be €onf&AerVl 

F)ff»J(r, ttat heMft yjk IMX^ Mi fetupthe ^giO^ 9f Jeni&leiB. 
Aftd this one ttiC»ft nece&ry aiKl nfefoL lirorkas k w»> hid been of 
it fdf fuflBcient to give him the credit of having reMh Jerofidenb 
)ttd he <k»ie >q6 ti)6fe tbim^^kis tMimds eMier the r^^lh^y or the 
fOknOmg rf iJtor <drr^. l^'Mr iMs %as the taMw awsy dnt ft&* 
t^ROAOl ii) Itmx the iEv^ % whidi DMf/ lamented in liit 
piVjrer (0 '• ^ "^^^ ^^ ^^^' Unified hiiti that* when God^s 
go6d tfiiie wis cotiie fmr It^ flK»f d be taken away^ «s it was de- 
termined "by God that a <:mmaMlmnf flmU go ffm^h (from « 
*Kit]^ of P^jf) for that purpofe, even for the relmiubgg her 
WALta (J). f&A to wten: ipyfpofe had been the gring firth of 
the thrdb •t>f0tedbig Dec^rees in ftvour df the Temple, had not 
fihally this iSSo ^Mch ioimediatfefy feQieOed the fecurip^ of God'fl 
bebpe been aWb Ifiiwd our? How precarious had otherwifc been the 
fervice Of the Sanattafy, the DAILY SACRIFICE «id OBLA- 
HON & a City flsHced lafid defeticelefi, open to the infalts, and 
Mdbcdtion ttf Id«laeers (e) ?•»-— »Bat they were no fooner lecur'd 
by their WaU^ than tb^ wei^ ^alfo freed from thofe fears» and 
*endi«d fccafe and eafr in the difcharge of God's worfliip- 
Theiltih M), ewn by the fettfng ut the walls at jerufalem^ nfe 
fMktaUm ^(i^s kM 6J'htr king futt her f^fpecfledy as her iTtbal^anis 
*wtre Htow tgi&ually ficlh^d agi^ the wutts of Euemef, ami the 
9fM/fiMs tf Thieves^ ni^ ^Rokhers : as the learned Dr. Frideaax hath 

■Wdi 6bfefv*d if) on this occafion. ^But who under God was 

<he ifffltument l^rtiof but JNMtfxxd>i!??.--^Exprefi we the accom^ 
)^tii1itiieht of this ^ork is we Wfllj either by Mr. Deam^s leflTenin^ 
Ulrcttd Of refMHg (g) or by the word rehilmg, that matters not : 


(4) Tor 'Cyrtu't Dectee for the Tempfe went ftmk'ia the ftar tefore jI. D. f^6» 
ahd Nebemah came to Jermfalem m the year before ^. P. 445*. {k) That the re- 
building the WALL at JerufdUm was certainly the taking away her REPROACH 
i3 evident from Nehemiah's ufe of the iapie Original word nS'^H [Neb, i. 9. 

u. 17.] asof'dby Dimief. In the latter place of NfhemsbtfyteUHily the word isus'dwith 
immediate r^ard to the naked> and defencelels ftate of Jermfsiem as bereft of her wall. 
And "this may be urged^ a fefttrertf^ttfneht that the wur4.>VALL in the Prophecy be- 
fore us mufl neceflarlly be taken in a Itttnal QnCe* because the taking away Jernfaltm''B 
^^roach waslUtarally furfiHed in'fche building of the Walls. (c) Dan. ix. i6 
(d)DanA%, -af. (f) Therefore ujpon ciie Jems eoternriaLlfl^ theirgreat work of fe« 

iMulding their WALL* it vms SsukalM's iudictwiai quemoo v/uh refped to this, asoae 
erearcoildeqtletice thereof, WILL THEY SACRIFICE ? (/) Cm, 0fi. p. 368. 

Un. 18. d) Both the words of npMtmp and rekmUdht^ are indifferently us*d by 
■our TranDa&tfs: and the original words are various. But Neh. ii. 17, we react expreSly 
*rU^^ '1!j7 Ccm^i '»^ -Let Mi 3UILDf^: and affkit ver, 18. and lb, tk, iv« 

51 io> &c. And tho' the wotd p^trtH be gfeneraUy us*d in Cb* iii. and be rendred by 

^^rEn^lffh Vfwdripair^dt yeethe fame' was no other than rtMUiiig* For rhe 3ttJ>y&- 
^ansM(bf^9^taiSijMd9ht-ft0ilmYMbhii[h [C^iiv. a. 10.] that ic was inpoilibie it 


15« ObjeBitms anfwer*d. 

the faA is M the &tne. The tnatt of Jeru^em was not till 
now rcAor^d to her. And the Reftoradon thereof under God 
was owing to King Artaxerxeis Grant* or Permif&on to Nehe^ 
nuah for the fame : and to Nebemab was immediately owing the 
a£hial Execution thereof. In Mr. Deof^s own words> He fit i^ fie 
WAl^ LS at Jeruialem. And to his additional bonour> Let it be 
alio conGder'd 

Secondly, that he built the naked Streets (a), or imhrib tread 
places, and void Jf aces thereof to the fulfilling the odier part of the 
here predided rebmlSng ef Teru(alem. And what he (ud of this 
nature> and to what a prodigious degree of increafe both of /«0- 
fk, and of Hwles for them I have aheady C^) occafionally re- 
marked. And therefore I need only in few words fiuther to ob- 
fcrve here 

Ttrjiy that whereas Mr. Dean hath reputed Nebemah a Hepmer 
only of Jerufakm by his vaft enlargement of her> he was howe- 
ver therein moft truly^ and propeny her Rehdlder. For be who 
in fb* remarkable a manner enlargeth a City both with peo[^e and 
with Houfes> as Nebemiah was the occafion of enlamng Jerufakm 
widi both> was furely in the ftrideft propriety of (peech her £f^ 
hdlder : even tho' fome few parts of her were inhabitedi and after 
a fort refair'd, or rehailt before (c). And 

Secondly, even Mr. Dean himfelf> however fome time for the 
(ake of his Hypothefis he hath affirm'd that the enlarpng, or refair^ 
tag ^ Jerufalem by Nehemah was not a rehuiktng of her* yet elfe- 
where (d) he hath in fad repre&nted it to be fo> and in Hiftorical 
relation hath not ftuck expreflly to call it fo. For there he hath toU 
us the plain truth of this matter after all his early> and fo often re- 
peated rebuilding tf^Jeru&lem by virtue of Cyrus Ins Decree, viz. 
(e) that Nebemiah upon his coming thither fiund that City to be but 
7WNLT inhabited. And well might Mr. Dean fay this, as Nebe^ 
emah on this occafion hath expreflly told us (/), as formerly obferv'd, 
that the people were few therein, and the HOUSES were not BUILDED. 
— How then was flie rebuilt by virtue of Cyrus bis Decree ?— But to 


fiiould be repMr*4y any ocherwKe than by being rehmlt, BeGdes the original word 
p^inn might be more properly rendred by the BngUfh word fartified* than a< in our 

Tranflation repaired, (^s) The ^IH^ o^ *« Prophecy [Dm* ix.- a j.] the H^yn 

Cy'V rOPD of Nehemiah [a. vii. 4,] «• «• '*« City hfad injpscti, void*/ Htfis 

as bein^ yet unbuilt. The Uke.jphniie we meet with in other places of Scripture denoting 
prodigious breadth, or widenels. Particularly in PJMm dythi ver. %s» Q^ us'd of the 
Sem. S() that Jernfalem upon Nehemi4h*t coming thither was in this reipe^ BROAD or 
WIDE like the OCEAN. Notwithftaoding ail her much boailed rebdUdiog *in her hitherto* 
by virtue of Cyrus'% Decree, yet her VOID PLACES, and UNBUILT BROAD SPACES 
were (b long after, as It were, without number. {h) See above, p. 144. (t) Thoa 
Jir«hoam is t^i [i i^ttgs xli. zf."] to have built Shtthem in Mount Epkralmt and Pe^ 
nnet: but that ^as no ocherwife than as he enlarg'd> and forti&ed thofe places* making 
the former a place capable of his keeping his Court at it» and placing a Garriibn in tha 
latter i for buch thofe places had been inhabited before: as it appears of the fbrmer* 4§ 
ver^ I s and of the latceri from Jud^^es viix* 9} 17. {d) Cm, Hift* p. 368* 

(r) ib. |lo« 6» &i» if) Neb, vii* 4. ^ 

Obje6ii(ms anjwer'd. Is 7 

remedy this prefent nakednefi of Jerufakm, as Mr. Deam tbere goes 
on to ten us concerning Ndbemiah, be fr<jeBed the THOROUGH 
repeepling of that place, &c. And truly in h& it was fuch a thorough 
repeoflh^j and reMltBftg of her by him prqjedtedy as is evident from 
the number (a), and quality (h) of peHbns by him allotted to be 
brought into Jerufakm to become her Inhabitants, and confequeot-. 
ly of Houfes and even of CEILED HOUSES now to be ercded 
for their reception, as puts it hytmJ Jijfute (c) that as flie was not 
rebmb by virtue of Cyrus his Decree^ (b it was owing immediately to 
itit going jbrth of another Decree, viz, that granted by King Arta* 
xerxes {Longimanus) in the twentieth (J) year of his reign to Nehe^ 
n^ah theTirfliatha {e)\ to whom therefore as God's immediate in- 
ftrument herein, muft neceflarily remain under God the glory of 
his being not barely an Enlarger, oxRepmer only of Jerufakm; but 
moft truly, and properly the Rebuilder of that City : to the fully 
proving die Grant or Commandment giv'n to him by tha faid Kins; 
Artaxerxes to be the very Commandment for the rebuilding the Wm 
and Streets ^ Jerufilem immediately referred to by the Prtjphet Da^ 
mel in his Prophecy of the Weeks now before us ; and the Going 
firth whereof is cxpreflly fet down as the Chara<fteriftick, or fure 
and fixed Date of beginning the feven Weeks, and fixcy-two Weeks 
^o of the laid Prophecy (f). 

And having thus fettled the beginning of the faid Weeks, I (hall 
only beg the Reader^s patience while I fliut up the whole with the 
Ihort following Charadler of the Tirfhatha, or Governour, whofe 
favour with the Ferfian King under God laid the foundation of this 
grand Epocha: and who in all refpeds, (God enabling Him there- 
unto) approved himfeif equal to the undertaking. He was truely a 
perfon highly valuable : and was therefore deferving of the great 
honour, to which he was advanced in the "Perjian Court. He had 
by his immediate office there {g) the privilege, and opportunity of 
being much in the King's prefence, and alfo in his royal hvoixx : 
And of this he had no fmall fhare* as his Hiftory abundantly (hews. 
But ftill all the Honours, and Pleafures, and Favours of the Court of 
Ferjia could not make him to firget Jerufalem {h). He was one of 
thofe, of whom the Pfalmift (i) fpake on this occafion : for he fat 
down and'weft (k) when he rememher'd Zion. And his Country men 
upon their coming to him to Babylon (/) had no fooner giv'n hi(n 
a reprefentadon of the then miferable condition of Jerufaiem in her 
fliU deiDoiifhed, and deff^celefs fhte {m), but the religious Courtier 

♦ bc- 

(a) Pix. ONE one of TEN out of the other Cities of Jttdah to come, and buiW at 
Jemfskm. [ch. ad. i.] (*) ^«. The RULERS, and GREAT MEN of the 

Nation. [A.] (c) However Dr. PtidcMtx [p. 268. 1. 12.] hath made it m Matter 

beyond all difpate that Jerufalem wai rebuilt by virtue of Cjtmj^s Decfe^, and as fboa 
ilf other Citiea of Jmdah were built. {d) Neh. ii. i. {e) Chr vii. 70. 

tf) Dan. ix. ly. {g) As being Cup-bearer to the King> Neh, i. 11. 

\b) Any more than the treaHires of Egyf^u [Heb. xi. 26.] couJd allure Mofes to the 
inaking him to forget bis affi&ei 'Bretkrw, (<) Ff. 137. U (>} Neb. i. ^ 

(/) ver. 2> J. (»») ib« 

15^ O^^^iMts tmfm^d. 

betook hk&fitf firft in iaftiog^ and in prayer wtQCod <<»)» ^ndflWl 
itt an hiioDiik luitc to theKuigof fmfia. for twrcq^ali Hc^^c^ coun* 
teiiiiiGe> tod pcotc&ioaj in oimr U) ter re Aocacimi %Qd r9keft^bliih<* 
menc. God bctid his praver, tjoA (be King giantcd hi^ p^tiop (it) : 
tohis iffiiiM forth his loval Comouifion for fibmling the WifUy W 
Sineis «f Jeru&ktn. And our wile. grear> and gpod Gov^nKW 
ciecuted the fune wtib the greateft prudeocQ* apd copdufti 9p4 
vnAk an lutfttraUePd appUcatkm* and conftapqr« and brav^ (4- 
For as God had raii'd him up for this bis works fo he iofovi^biQi 
withaSoul fmable thereunto. And herein ho was under uodaKi^ 
florer of the yrwifb State: even in reftoriiy uQtp Jk'«y44r«» fir^ hei 
MJlf, mJ GaUt, and after that alfo her H9$fis, md,j9Mit4mff (4) 
as before her Defolation. He was in all this moft truly« ^ pro* 
perly her Behnltkr. During his whole Government he approved 
hmi&lf as in other quaUfications requifite for a due> ^ hooouraht^ 
difcharge of fo high a truft as was committed to bim« fo p4rticii>> 
hrly> as he himielf telli us (# ) in a gens rotity of fpirit eq^irely de- 
iK)id of all privat;e intereft^ and wholly devo^ to that Qf the pub* 
lick : a quality this at all times^ and in all places bif^v rrcfHPm^- 
ing Govemoun (as principally^ and primarily to Gqa the fiiprem^ 
(jovemour* fo alfo) to the efteem «id love of the p^e b^ hifn 
committed to their Charge. 

Nor was this wife) goodj and great Governour lei^ c^ncem'd 
for the f[^ritual« than he was for the temporal good gf God's peii>« 
pie. His care and concern reached nor only ix) tb9 bodje^* bye 
alfo to the fouls of his GDuntry^ntien. For as he wis thus aS^vt* 
and ufefol in the ftate« fo he was no leis xeaiqus for ^ R^^ 
mation of God's Church. He could no more away wifh the (HMfr* 
rifoie abufes> and corruptions in the latter* than beforie his 9pp«9mted 
adminiftration he coukl with the diftreis? anddiitcopfol^ne^ of tb0 
former. It was therefore his equal care upon his cxmkig tQ Jffu^ 
fakm to redrcfs all things char wore nm^s ki both. Wttne^ cbc^ 
his ieveral Reformations of wfakh were^d in ^ fifths fr^d fi^Ue^k 
Qiapters of his book. 

In few words> He was a moft pious Reformer, mi 9 mp& ihlf 
Scateiman. His great Endowoients render'd him ec^ cq acatesnd 
government of both Church) and Smx. Therefore was it copifiokr 
ted to him of God. And as God was pleas'd to make lA^&c^&a 
perfon his immediace inftrument in dae escecution of ^ r<^alCp^- 
maubaaa referr'd to bv the Ang^ in ihe Prophecy jbie^ iv; 
«nd as the gtnng forth thereof gives riicj as we have feen^ to die 
beginning of the two firft periods of thefe Weeks* fo in our fore« 
going proofs of the &me, and with thisihort butimpeiifed Cba« 
rader of God's immediate Agent> or Tran£u5tor herein we may puc 
an end to this Chapter. 

C H A R 

U) Ver.4. (Q ch. U. «• (r) cfa* ift. add'm (^ ) ch. 4< 

CHAP, v; 

Cmerning the EN'D ING of the Seven ffeekt 

§f this Tfdphecjf. 

HAving ifi the forcing Chapter fixed the he^mini of the 
Seven tHekn we come now to confider their enJk^ ; aod 
that according to the feveralH7pothere$Gl there Weeks now 
before us (a). 

The late fiilhop LbjJy he affignM the Jislmg up ef Vi&m ani 
ffcphecj fooken of in the text (*), for the ending of thefe fevtm 
VTeeks. This he fuppos'd to have been fulfiii'd in H^UJachi the lail 
Jhrc^hetc^ God to the Jevis his writing his book. 

Mr. Dean of Narvjkht Me alfigns the laft ad of Reformation by 
TJehemiah (e) for his ending of the laid feven Weeks, 

Both thefe EnSngf ate indeed arbitrairv> and confequently tbcjr 
<iarry no grounds of Certainty in them. However, 

Tb confider Mr. Be^a^^s in the fii^ nlace ,• That is the laft Ad of 
KeherMah^s Reformation of the J&wifi Church by him placed at the 
end of thefey?t>tf» Weeks, or forty nine years in theffteenth of Da-- 
fius liosbus. For dietb $s we are told {d) the Reftaratkm of thg 
thutcby and pate cf the Jews in Jerufilem* and in Judaea 'was fully 
jif^ed» in that t^ aB cf ^gformat'um^ which is recorded in the 
tkfirfeentb ChMfer cf Nehemiah, from the 23 J verfe to the end cf the 
Cbafter, jufi forty nine years ^er it had been frft begun by Exra in the 
fevffnth y^ar if Artaxerxes Longimanus. 

But ag^dnftyi^r* enckftg of the fa ft feven Weeks of this Prophecy^ 
there lie the following Objedtions rendring it void of any prokibilicy 
bf truth. 

Firft> the f^me is founded on a miftaken fenfe of the EXPRESS 
CHARACTER of the feven Weeks. 

SecondHy, and Consequently Dr. Vrideaux his beginning of theie 
Wrecks in the ftverob cf Artaxerxes, his figurative b^inning of 
Ibem bekig a miftaken Spinning, h^ figurative ending of them 
fts tdcen from fiich b ^inn i ng is zSo neceflarily a miihken Ending of 

But waving thefe general Obfedions, Dr. Prideaux his end- 
iig of thefe Weeks io the fifteenth cf Darius ( Nochus ) can- 
tiot pofRUy be a truly aflSgn'd ZnSng of them : forafmucli as 
to his timing the laft ad of Nehemiah's Reformatk>n in that 
yeir there evideady lies this main Objedion, viz, that the 


(4) Mr. L, having laid nothing coocefoing the finding of thefe Weeks> wc are 
lx>e ooncern'd with him here. (^} Dan. ix, 24. (c) cb. xiii. 23—- 31. 

00 Con. Hifi. p. 410. 1. io» &f* 

i$i Concerning the E N'DI^G of 

Scripture Account in die laft Chapter of Nehemiab doth not in thd 
leaft counoenance fuch fbr^-nine years extended reckonings or the 
fo late fixing the laft a<f^ of Reformation by Nehfmab, but on the 
contrary gives us ground for fuppofing the (aid Reformation to have 
hapned much earlier: as will evidendy appear by looking into par<^ 

For to give Mr. Dean his thirteen years from xbcfeveMfb rf Ar- 
taxerxes fo the twentieth^ there will remain thirty fix vears of the 
forty-nine now before us allotted toNehemah for his adminiftration* 
Of thefe thirty-fix years twelve of them certainly ended in Hb&thirtj^ 
fecond {e) cf Artaxcrxes (/). And dt thefe twelve years we are fare, 
and no more. However in Mr. Deoffs reckonii^ there are thus 
elapfed tv3entj-five years of thsfirtj-mne now before us. The re* 
mainiDg twenty-four he hath made up out of the tlnrteenth Chapter 
of Nehemah^ Firft by accounting for five years of NehemiahV fiaj" 
ing at the Perfian Court in the execntim of his finrmer Office, after 
vMch he obtaiffd of tlx King to he fen$ back again ^a Jerufidem 'with 
a new Comnuffion (g) : viz. in the thirty Jeventh cf Artaxcrxes (i). — 
Thenceforward^ we hear no more of Nehemah fixmi Mr. Dean^ 
"till in ^t fifteenth year of Darius Nothus (/) , when Secondly, his 
xemainiDg. Tuneteen Tears are accounted for, in one fingle aA of 
NehemiaPs fuppos'd Reformation in that Year {k) feparated from 
all the reft at lo long a diftance, as is this whole Interval. 

Thefe are the two laft fteps, or ftages therefore of the forty 
nine years now before us And thefe we muft confider diftind- 
ly, and apart, the better to (hew the very great improbability 
of this part. of Mr. Deaj^s Hypothefis in thefe particulars of it. 

Firfiy as touching the five Tears which he makes Nehemiab to 
tarry at the Perfian Court, after his return thither from Jerufakm 
in the thirty feconJ of Art2ixenics ; there lie againft the faid Suppo- 
iition the following Obje&ions. 

Firfiy as ir was formerly obferv'd, the generality of Chronologers, 
and Commentators are againft Mr. Dean by his own confeflion (I) 
in this particular : and no wonder, becaufe 

Secondly^ The Text (m) in the ufe ot the word Q^t^ ^ ^^ 
common, and ordinary fenfe imports not yearsj as Mr. D^iixi would 
have it, but days. And fo ourTranflators have rendred it, with the 
greateft reafon, as Nehemah himfelf hath before us'd the very fame 


{e) Nch. xiii. 6. (f) Or in theyear before, jt. D» 493. {jg) Con. HUS. 

P* 397- W ^' '^^ the year before, »^. D.- 428. (*) Or in the year before, 

j#. D. 409. (k) For then according to Dr. Prid* [p. 410. 1. 1 1.] The Reftora- 

tion of the Church and Stare of the Jem in Jernfalemt and Jud*a was wholly finiihed 
in that \iSt a£l of Reformation, which is recorded in the thirteenth Chapter of Nthi^ 
miah from the twenty third verfe to the end of that Chapter. (/) Con. Hifl. p. 3J7'- 

(m) Neh. xiii. 5. CS^O^ VP / ^^ '^^ '''^ of days. But chat is no other than as in 

our Tranflacion, ^fttr certain 4aj/s ; And (b the SjrUs Verfioa hath ic> ?i«« P»M 
dies 0ii^mt exa^ott ^ 

the Seven Weeks of this Trophecy. 1 6i 

ordinal word in this fenfe {n) : as is plainly evident from the Con- 
text. And tho' theHipfe-tfau word may in Scripture alfo i^Btjearst 
as Mr. DeoM hath here pleaded^ which is reacHly granted^ yet as in 
Nehefmah*s ufe of it in the place juft now menuon'd, it certainly 
fignifies Jays, fo for that very reafon it ought to be prefum'd to 
ii^6e days alfo» and not years in this other place of Neheimah now 
bdore us. Nor 

TUrdly, can we conclude otherwife for any thingthere is in that 
which Mr. Deofi hath here farther (o) told us^ viz. That Nehemiab 
bad been twehe years refonnmg that peofk^ and Ezra atfo thirteen 
years before him, tuhev^by they had brought their reformation to Jkch a 
fiate, and fialnUtyy that a httle time could not have been fufficient^ in 
fuch a masmer agmn to have unim^d it : for there is a twofold rea- 
fon here to be afli^U which makes it not only poflible that the 
Jews mights but alio more than probable that they did return to. 
their former corruptions rather ^er certain days ^ter Nehemiah*s 
abience fromthem^ than^^^^r certain years. One is the very great 
pronenefi of that people to backfliding (f). They had not been 
ptherwife the feed of their forefathers. But were thefe a people 
more ftable than had been their Anceftours ? — -They foi^oe their 
^reat Reformer Mffes only upon his goii^ a fiw days from them 
mto the Mount ( j) . Nay within forty days they forgot God him- 
ielfj even after his viSble, and dreadful appearance to them (r). 
Why then might not a race of that people in Nehemiah*s time al- 
fo forget him ^er certain days upon his being gone to the Verfian 
Court?— -Efpecially confidering another reafon here to be aflign'd 
for the probability of their fo doings as they were doubtleC; under 
the ffamgeft Temptations yxfoxaHehemiaif^ deparmre from thofe (s), 
who by ftrange marriages were allied to them> and who did all that 
they pofBbly couki do by way of oppofition to Kehendah while 
he was at JerufJem, and confequently after his departure^ did not 
fail of their continued and redoubled Endeavours to undo in his 
abfonccj what they were not powerful enough to do during his 
ftayj or reiidence there. So that thefe Temptations beietting a 
people in themfelves prone to £vi]> it becomes more than pro-; 
bable that the Corruptions which the Js^^us ran into> in the ab- 
ience of Nehemiah tautt have fal'n out not a great while after his 
going tack to the Perjtan Court, even rfter certain days much more 
Skely than after certain years, or Mr. Dean's conjedur'd five years. 
Nor is it likely^ 

M Fourthly, 

(») i^9h. i. A. We read of him, that be tiwamed sertAm 4ays. He could nos have 
mourned certain years t for it was in the twentieth o* Jtrtsxerxes in the month ChiJIne 
that the brother of Nehemiah^ &c. came to him from Jefufalem [ch. i. i.J And ic 
was in the month JViViw of that year [ch.ii. i.] that Nehemiah obtain'd leave of thg 
King to go thither. So that xhmertaiM dayt of Nehemiah'^ mourmng were after Oitjlem, 
and Wore Mfam of cbac year, ,(•) Con. Hift. p. 597- .. ip)0^ whica ma- 

nifold are the inftancesin holy writ. (?) Exodus ch. xxxii. (r) ch. xix. i6. 

»7* i8. [s} Qf wl^OJft W5|? T^l^i^ ^ ^mmntfe la paruc«lar, [A(*A. xiii. +, p} 

161 Concerning the Ending of 

Fourthly i that the pious and zealous Governour would aUow butH 
felf To long an abfence as is the term here fuppofed from the holy 
City J to attend upon his Office ef Cuf4fearer to the Perfian King {tj. 
His heart doubtleis was ftill at Jerufalem: for God had made it his 
immediate care. And therefore doubtleis he moVd the King of 
Terjta for a fpeedy remrn thithen not long after his coming back 
to Court. And we need not in the lead to queftion the ^Kingfs 
good- will to him in this refpeift of hisrc^al favour,* fince tiie fame 
good Proviience which at the firft inclined the heart of the King 
towards Urn was able now i^n to difpofe him to a farther Di£ 

Einiation with his abience from Courts and doubtleis did di^ie 
m accordingly. 

But to have done with thefe five yearsy and to proceed 
Secondly t to the remaining »/»if/«^ in this point of Mr. Btof^s Hy-^ 
pothelis : as Nehemiah is by him fuppos'd to have retum'd to Jeru^ 
fahm in the thirty Jeventh of Artaxerxes («)> and then immediately 
to have made the three leveral Reformations mentioned in the 
thirteenth Chapter of his book from the fiventh verfe to the tnuent/ 
fecond verfe inclufive, and not to have made the one other there 
remaining Reformatbn, (yi%, in verfe^ twemty thirJy &c.) 'till the 
nineteenth year foUowii^ (tj); to the making fuch a wide gap, or 
diftanceof time as coniequently there is between M^&fxoiji&'s woiking 
the three firft Reformations here^ and the fourth or laft of them. 
As touching which fuppofitionj 

Firfi, There is no reafonable ground for it. For furely*tis fome- 
what ftrange^ and therefore not very probable that Nehemiah Should 
reform only three of the four general Corruptions mention'd in one, 
and the fame Chapter upon his return to Jerufalenh and have no* 
thing elfe to do for nineteen years tc^ether than barely to reform one 
other alio mention'd in the iame Chapter^ at the end of that period* 
•"—Did not all thefe Violations of God's Laws happen equally in 
Nehemah's abfence ?-— Why then (hould they not have all been e- 
qually reform'd by him at ms return? Or what reafon is there for 
to have imagin'd that upon his retura he ihoutd have animadverted 
upon, and reformed the three firft Abu(es> and Corruptions onlf> 
and that the fourth (hould have efcaped his cenfuTe> and reformation 
not only 'till nineteen, but exa^ly 'till nineteen years after } — Afigu^ 
tative Ending was now wanting to xS^tS^feven Weeks, or forty nme 
yearsj, which had before a figurative Beginning affign'd to them, and 
therefore hither this laft adt of Reformation by Nehemiah was poft- 
pon'd, and referv'd for it. But 

Seeond/jy there is no ground for it in the Text: as will appear by 
Confidering the feveral Corruptions of the Jewsj and Nehemiah^s re- 
formation of them as by him(x) recorded. They are theie iollow- 


{<) AsCr. Prideastx hath imagin'di Con. Hi/l. p. 3^7, («) Or in the year befoiv 
^. D. 428. (w) yiz. The fifteenth o4 VanmN$thm, or the yett bef©ie.i#^ 

the Se'Ven Weeks of this Trophecy. \6% 

i^P» the Prophanation of the Temple for the fake of Tobiah aa 
iJinmoMte (y). A fecond was an abufe in Tyches to the negleft oiz due 
carrying on the daily firvice of the Houfeof Gpd (z). Athird was the 
Prophanation of the Sabbath [a). The fourth was the removal 
of all unlawful Marriages from among the people : One of them 
in pamcular is now tfefore us, being the more notorious, as it 
was in the Pontifical Houfe {h). 

The Reformation of the three firft of thefe Corruptions among 
tho yews are paced by Mr Dea?f, as we have obferv'd in the firft 
year of his conceived return of Nehemiah to Jerufalem after h\sfive 
years abfence, viz. in the thirty feventh of Artaxerxes, or in the 
year before A. D. 428. The laft is fixed at nineteen years di- 
ftance, viz. to the jifieenth of Darius (Nothus,^ or the year be-*- 
fore ji. D. 409. 

Now as to the time of the coming in of thefe Corruptions, we 
learn from the Text, as to the two former of them, that they 
certainly hapned during Nehermah^s Abfence from Jerufalem \ the 
firft of them cfpecially {c). The fecond alfo was doubclefs in his 
abfence (^dy As to the third, that hapned after Nehemiah's return : 
but when, or how foon after, we are perfedly at a lofs. For 
ft is faid (e) concerning it only in general, that In thofe days Ne- 
hemiah fa*Wy &c. But, as before noted, in Mr. Dean's account 
this hapned in the firji year of the nineteen now before us (f). 
As to the fourth, that Corruption bad doubtlefs fprung up in the 
abfence of Nehemiah^ for he (peaks of the A6t as in a time 
paft (g). In thofe days alfo fafw I Jews that tiAD married wives , &c« 
And the Reformation of it was moft likely at the fame time with 
his reforming the third, and laft mention'd corruption : for that 
alfo was in thofe days (h). And why might not THOSE DAYS 
in both (i) places have been much about one and the fame time ? 
tor in the latter place (k) they are coupled with an ALSO very 
truly as in our TranQation (I) the Original plainly importing the 
fame. Since therefore Mr. Dean hach placed the third Reforma-! 
tion of Nehemiah in the firJi of the nineteen years now before us, 
which Reformation is in the Text faid only to have been in thofe 
daysy I conceive that he ought alfo there to have placed the fourth 
Reformation, which in the Text is expreflHy faid to have been in 
thofe days alfo. The Text plainly juftifies this: but what can juftifie 
Mr. Deanh feparation of the fourth from the third ro a nineteen 
years fuppos'd diftance from it, in truth I fee not : much lefs to 

M 2 his 

(y)v. 4 9, iz) V. 10 — T4. M V. If- — 22. (*)•». 23 — *3I. 

(f) Neh, xiii. 6. (rf) «. lo. As cbe fame is there fpoken of co have hapned in a tini^ 
paft ; vit. Ipercehed that the Portions of the Levites hadnot been gii/n them. (<•) v. rj, 
(/) vise, in the 37th of ^rtaxerxes> [Dr. Pf;d, Con. Hift. p. 402] or in the year o£ 
his fijppos'd return of Nehemiah from the PerfJan Court, (g) Neh. xiii. 23. 

/i) V. 15-. (i) viz. in v. 15. and •». 23. (*) vix.. in v. 23. 

lO CIDr\n n^D^S CDJ ^//o in theft dayj: Wbkb i« pUinlf a Copwlauvf Hi 
|hole foregoing a&41»A«e&to'4/^/'iA vi ij- 

164 Concerning the Ending of 

his placing it in the high Priefthood of Jtnada, and in the fifth Jjfer 
of that high Priefthood (w). For upon enauiry it witt appear that 
in Nffhemiab^s (n) account the marris^e, ana rdbrmation of one of 
the fons of Joiaiia was in the high priefthood not of the faid >i- . 
aJa, but of his father Eliafbib. For the word Higb-Friefi in the 
Text (o) is to be appropriated not to Jmada, but to Eiafbib. 
And therefore our TranOators fo truly underftanding it read 
the words, one ^ the fans cf Joiada, the fonaf Eliafliib the High^ 
Priek ; the Comma being placed here after j^iaday but none after 
E&ajbih, becaufe th^ took him, and not yoiada to be the High- 

Prieft here fpoken of: 

But contrariwife Mr. Dean hath appropriated the word Higb^ 
Trkfl to joiada: however telling us withal, being jufUy appre- 
henfive of the Objeftion which here lies againft him, and there- 
fore guarding againft it, in the following words (» viz. If any one 
(ball fay that in the Text of Nehemiah [CA. xiil 28.] the 'word 
High-Prieft is fut in appofition iL^th Eliafhib, and not ivith Joiada« 
and that therefore this lafi aS of NehemiahV Reformation was in the 
Hizh-Priefthood of Eliaftiib, and not in that of Joiada kns fon, my an- 
fJer to it ii that the Hebrew Orginal cannot bear this interpretation. 
For it having been the ufage of the Jews, as well as of all other nati^ 
ens of the Eaft, /^ the better Mflinguijbing of perjonsp to add the 
nami of the fatlier to that of the fon, in the fame manner as was 
lately pra£liid by the Welfli, and fiill is among the Irifli, thefi words 
in the 'nxtj Joiada Ben Eliafliib, i. e. Joiada the fen of Eliafhib, 
altogether make but one name of the fame psrfon, and therefore the 
wyrd Wgh-Friefiy which followeth can be fut in appofition with no* 
thing but the whole of it.^ — 

Now all this indeed is very plaufible. But there is nothing 
here as there ought to be to the making the argument ot any 
weight, vi^. that Mr. Dean's obfer/d ufage of writing among the 
Eaftcrns, &c. was certainly Nehemiah's way of wriang here. I 
deny not but (uch was the ufual Eajlern way of writing : but 
Mr! Dean will not fay that they always wote fo, or that they 
never wrote other wife. — Nor do I find as to Nehemiah, that this 
was hfa way of writing at all throughout his book, when he hath 
elfewhere fpoken of Eliafliib the High-Frieft. For had this been 
Kehemiah's manner of exprefling himfelf when writing of Eba/bib 
as High-Prieft, he fliould have faid Eliafliib ben Joiakim, i. e. Eli- 
afliib the fen (^Joiakim the High-Prieft, This would have put the 
matter out of difpute : and Mr. Deas^s Obfervation with reiped to 
his fon Joiada had then been juft. But whereas Nehendab hath 
not wrote thus fo much as once of the father Eliafhib » tho' he 
hath more than once, or twice (j) made mention of him in his 


tm\ Con: fl?j?. p. 41 !• (») Ch. xili. i8. {0) lb. {fj Cm, Wfi. p. 41a. 
tJ\ €h, Ui. I. Nehendah calls him fitnply EU^h the High-Prieft. So again, v. ao; 
iuA in V, 2i. He if Tpoto ot cwke l»rely by the name ot £//V/lb/>« In 0^ xiii. 4. 

r , 


the Seven Weeks of this Ttophecy. 1 55 

Book>. there then furdy remains no reafon for to fuppofe wich 
Mr. J^ean that he wrote thus of Jtnada the Son in the Text be- 
fore us (r). 

I cannot, therefore, but conclude that the word HigkhTriefi muft 
remain in apportion with Eiiafiik; the Jtiebrew Original in Nehe- 
miahV laap or manner of 'writing evidently hearings and indeed re- 
quiring this interpretation in dired confortnity to his fpealcing of Eli- 
afbib ellewhere as High-Trieft^ and fo doubtlefs fpeaking ef him 
here, by way of aggravation of the great crime now reforn\'d by 
him, as it was committed by a Grandfon of him who was High- 
Prieft, even by me of the fins of Joiada, the Son <jf Eliafhib the 
then High-Triefi. For ccherwife what need had Nehemiah of men- 
tioning Eliafbib at all here? If Joiada had been then HIgh-Prieft, 
he n^ only to have faid, one of the fans o^ Joiada the Friefl^ or 
Joiada the High-Priejl, For this as I have evidently prov'd out of 
Nehemiah was his manner, or way of writing with refpeft to Elia- 
{bib the father always,* and therefore doubtlels he would have writ- 
ten fo likewife of the fon in the Text difputed, had the fon been 
then High-Prieft. I fee not therefore the leaft reafon for the Sup- 
poiition before us that he was. 

But Mr. Dean^s laft kGt of Reformation by Nehemiah which is 

his affign'd Ending of the feven Weeks of Danieh Prophecy was in 

order thereunto neceflarily to be fixed according to his feries of 

High-Priefts, in the High-Priefthood of Joiada, And therefore we 

are told (s) as much in the account which we have of this 

whole Proceeding, and the inducements determining Mr, Dean 

in it : and aU is fummed up in the REASONABLENESS of 

it (/). 

As to which alledg'd reafonablenefs of this part of Mr. Dean^s 

Hypotheiis, Cconfidering all that hath been already faid by- way of 

inquiry into the feveral particulars which have been before us) I 

need only to pblerve that that can never be rcafonably inferred here 

which is in no wife warranted by the Text {u). That can not pof - 

fibly be a reafonable Hypothefis wherein the holy Scriptures are 

immediately concerned, which is not perfeftly agreeing with them. 

But herein, as I have been now (hewing, not they but Dr. Tride- 

aux hath determined, and even determined that which they do not 

admit of. 

M 3 For 

He is callM EUafhih the Prieft, and v. 7. only ES^fhii* and in v. 28: [the Text in 
difpute] Eliafhib the High-Prieft. And thefe are all the places where he is mentionM by 
Kthnntah: foriTmuch as according to Dr. Prideamx, [Co«. Htfi. p: 301. I'm. 9.] All of 
the nth Chapter from the firft to the twenty fixth verfe inclufive was never written by 
Nehemiahi but is an interpolation ther e inferted long after his death by thofe who re jel- 
led this book into the Canon of Scripture. But there he is no otherwife fpoken of c'lan 
ie is by Nehemiah, And that this was one and the fame EUaJhib the High- Prieft fpoken 
of throughout, and not another Piieft of that name, Dr Prideanx ^ath tcild us (b. [Con. 
^A p. 3^?-] W Ch,x\iuzt. (i) Ci,fi. Hijl, p. 411. 1. 28. (Oib. 


166 Concerning the Ending of 

For not the Prophecy before us, but Mr. Desn hath fixed th8 
begmning of the fevea weeks to the feventh of Artaxerxes^ whereby 
are cut off thirteen (u) years from his affign'd enJmg of them in 
thcfifiee»tb of Darius Nothus. And Mr. Dean hath inform'd us of 
a five years abfcnce from Jerufalem of Nehemiab after his return 
to the Perpan Court i» the tiuo and thirtieth year of King Artax- 
erxes (x) : not Nehemiab himielf> in whofe language {j) after certain 
days (or at the end cf days) he obtained kave tf the King to return 
to Jerufalem (z) : And as to the remaining nineteen years followinfi;; 
at the end of which is arbitrarily fixed the iaft aA of Nehemiah^ 
Reformation, and therein the EntBng of the feven Weeks^ or fnrty 
nine years before us> this is entirely Mr. Deofis Chronology) not 
Nehemiah's, And thefe Years are no lefs in danger of being cut 
off alfo upon this moft probable fuppofition that Nehemiab might 
work this fourth and Iaft Reformation in one and the fame year 
of his return^ in which he wrought the three foregoing Ads 
mentioned in one and the iame (a) Chapter of his book^ at leaft> 
as I have above fhewn, at the &me time in which he wrought 
the third of them, nineteen years before : to the taking away con-. 
fcqucntly this moft improbable Gap of Mr. Dean's now berorc vfi 
between the third and fourth ads of Nehemiah^s Reformation made 
at y?rufalem. 

But there is yet a certain reafon whereby the Iaft five years of 
this arbitrary period muft neceflarily be cut off, foraftnuch as ixx 
Mr. Dean's own feries of the Priefthood, the (udfive years belone 
to that of Joiada, as the fourth Ad of Reformation by NehemsM 
now before us in the nineteen years poftponing therecrf from the 
third is made coincident with the fifth year of that High-Prieft. 
Whereas as I have (hewn plainly from Nehetmah himfelf [b), EUar 
Jhibi and not Joiada was High-rrieft at the time when he wrought 
this Reformation. 

And Finally, Whereas we are by Nehemiab confirfd to th^ 
High Priefthood of E/iafbib for his making this his Iaft ad of* 
Reformation, the .fame for any thing that we know to the con- 
trary might have been made by him nineteen years earlier, how^ 
ever certainly fome years before the death of thatHigh-Pricft. 

So far is Mr. Dean's figurative Hypothefis throi^ this whole 
firft period of this Prophecy, or of the firft feven Weeks, or 
forty nine years of it, from being a true, or juftifiabic Hypo- 
thefis. And fo pafs We 



(rt) As 'the going forth of the Prophetick Commandment for the reboiWiDg the WalL 
and Streets of Jertifale'n was not in the fevenchs but in the twentieth of Aruxerxetm 
( x) Cb. xiii. 6. {3) As the word O^Q^ '° Chapter xiii. 6. figniiies D^t : hi So i>r«- 

hfmiah us'd the word berore, viz, in Chapter i. 4. in a Tenfe imponin^ "Ozysr and noc 
yfars > as furmeriy noted. \z.) Neb, xiii. 6t 2* (^} vi^* ^ ^^* ''*ii* 

the Seven Weeks of this Trophecy. 1 67 

SecomBjfs To the late Bifhop Lhyifs in this part of ity or in his 
Aflign'd EmSng of the firft feven Weeks of this Prophecy. And 
that is thefiabng uf of Vifion, amd Prophecy {c) : which is one of the 
fix general Events mentioned in verfe the twenty fourth (d). For 
the Bifhop expounding this predided Event of God's (hutting up, or 
putting an end to all Vifion and Prophecy in the Jewiflf Church 
referred the fame to the Prophet Malachi (God's laft Prophet to 
die Jenji)s) hi^ writing his book of Prophecy to that people, (as the 
Bifiiop pkced it) in the end of thefe feven Weeks^ or at the di- 
ftance of forty-nine years from their fare beginning in the /uw//- 
€th if Artaxences, when nixnt forth the Cvmmandmmt to rebuild the 
City 0f Jerufalem^ the Wall, and the Streets thereef. And for this 
that truly learned Btfliop bad doubtlels very sood reafbns, beyond 
what I can here take upon me to afiign. — -Howeven He might 
be hereunto induced perhaps^ 

Firfty As the original words in the Prophecy taken in a large or ur- 
confined ienfe (e) might admit of fuch completion^ or accompliih<> 
ment of them. 

Secondly, As there is zjewijb Tradition of which the learned Dr. 
Frideaux hath alio taken notice (/), adualiy referring to the Pro- 
phecy of Darnel, as the very completion of insfialmg up of J^fom, 
and Prophecy, the ceafing of the ipirit thereof among them in God's 
laft Prophet to them. And 

> Thirdly, As it is in no wife improbable but that Malachi might 
prophecy at fuch a diftance of years as is that of forty-nine years 
(g) from the twentieth of AitxaerxcSy ib as in point of time the 

M 4 Bifliop 

(c) See the Chronological TaUes puUUhed in the year 17T3 : Table the third, in 
Column B» in the year Offire Chrifi 397. (d) Viz, Dan, ix. 24. 

0) W22^ flin Df^n / Ad obfignandum Vifionem, & Prophetam, /. e, Vila 

Piophetica, [Grot.] ut fit Uendiadys-^^^^n^ Adobfigoandum, five ad perficiendum* 

to bring to its depgfCd end and perfe3icH» And fb the learned Dr. Prideanx hath told us» 
[fofi. Wft. p. 264.] the fame word which in i7e^r«tp (ignifieth xofeal«»,U alio us'd to 
pwjhi and cumpleat. And thus Prophecy being now wholly finiflied in the Jewijh 
Church* as God brought it to his defign'd perfeftion of it in that age by his laA Pro- 
phet Malachi, in whofe folemn ending of his own* and therewith for a time all Pro- 
phecy in geneial, God did as it were ulTofet td bis feal, [fo clofin^ up all Predifti- 
on in general, and of the Mejfiah in particular^ 'till the appointed time for its being 
open'd again at bis coming in and bjr him,] thefe weeks might in this fenfe* and appli- 
cation or the Phrjfe be faid to have their Ending s would the feparating of this Event n-om 
the other five in vftfe twenty-four after all allow of it i but thofe Events being doubt- 
lefs applicable to the Mejfiah, this alio mufl neceflarily remain with them applied to him* 
( f ] IiiCon. Hifl. p. 211. [from Abr. Zacut in Juchanan, Dav* Ganx. in Z«mach Da^ 
vid. Seder. Olam Zuta, &c,l vix. that in the laft year of Darius died the Prophets 
tiaggM, Ztchariah, and Malachi^ and that thereon ceafed the fpiiit of Prophecy from 
among the Children of Ifrael, and that this was the Ohjifnatim, or fealinig ftp ofVif 
snd Fropheey jpokeu of by the Prephtt Daniel, cbi ix. 24. (g) That Malat...^ 

was the laft Prophet of God to the Jetfs under the Old Tefiamtnt Difpcnfacion, and 
chat dieretore he prophefied after Haggai, vad Zechariah, it is beyond all difpute. And 
the learned Dr. Prideanx thinking it moft likely that he writ alter Exra^s time [Con. 


168 Concermng the Ending of 

Bifliop might wdl enough affign fuch accomidifhmeot to this pre^ 
But after all* whereas this is metdy coDJeOural, and eTpedaUy^ 


Ftrfi^ this Event dt fesUng im tf Vipmh tmd Vrophety is fpoken of 
in company with five other Events (h) all of them applicable to 
the Meffiab, and fulfilled (i) in him> this alfo of courfe muft re- 
maia to him) it beu^ therdbre both unnatural^ and unwarrantable 
to feparate it from me rdft for an im^^jinary ending of diefe fivem 
Weeks, or farty^mme years ,- and whereas 

SectmJfyy there is jx> manner of mention made in verie the/tuMff 
ff^b, where we ought leafonably to look for it; and where it wouU 
iurely have been affixed to this period there exprefHy mendoo'd, 
had it any rderence thereunto : And whereas 

Tbtrdly^ another Event is queflionlels in the Text aflSgnaUe to 
thefe feven WedGS> viz. the remlehtg the WkUs^ and Streets of Jeru&- 
lem, as the fame mufl necef&rily be appropriated to them« (as^the 
learned Dr. PrideMsx {k) bath truly here obferv'd) tho' he hath taken 


Beeatiie» Firftt had dui Prophet writ under itt we flioiild probably have heard of him 
from Nehtmisb in his book, as together with theGoremoor lending his hand co the re- 
dreifiog che prevailing Corruptions of thole dines. Secondly t had he not writ fbme time 
after 6i4hWt propfaanation of the Temple, [Nth. sdU. a — 9] and even after his High* 
Priefthood, it is moft likdy that his Reproofs of the Pn^t would not have been only 
in general, [u we find that they are th. li. i.] but they would have been pardcular^ and 
by name have been dire£bed to that Hij^Pneft : To the (paring him no led in hia 
perJK>nalreproo&for/rr9^i»^tibfrcM^ HtggiMh God's Preset before him had 

spared [eh. u a*] even the Govemour* and High-Prieft of his nme mr their having 
negleaed to rthdld It. Thirdly, tho' Dr. Pndismx bach told ui fOii. Hifi. p. 397 j 
$hM the grasiefi tf tht^Ctmm^tims, wkkh this Fro^het charged thg Jews mitb^ art the 
ftmt mtk tbofe which they hsd r m hut in tbt um$ tf Mehemiah'i shfimtt yet there 
is no concluding from thence that in this timt Malacht*^ Prtphtdts^ were 4tUvtT*4% be* 
caufe die Jt»s might poICUy fall again into thofe very Corruptions long after, and 
Confequentiy his Propbecies might have been ddiver'd after* And in£ed in Ms-' 
UcW% dme Conuption leems to have (prctd it lelf more uoiverfillyi and to 
have got to a greater height both among Priefts, and People/ [the fionner efpecially* fe- 
ven oie whole Pritfibeedt ch. i. 6» ii. I, 8* 9.3 than even before in the days of Ndie* 
miahi and notwithftaodog bis labour'd ReiFormanon amoi^ them. And Fourthly, ic 
feemeth more likely than not, that Malacbi fliould have propbe6ed at fome cRflaoce oS 
time after Nehemiah's Adminiflradon ritber than under it, as a Prophet from the Lord 
was lefs wanting among his people at Aat dme, when they had him a wife, and faith- 
fuls and pious Governour providenti^y let over them : but when after that he was no 
longer with them, the Jews again fell away like their fbrehthen, they then greuly flood 
in need of a Prophet to be once more fent unto them from God. And herein is God's 
Goodnefs to his people yet magnified, that after his having gracioufly retetded his peo- 
ple both in Church, and State by their Govemours EKra» and NehnnUh, he fliould finally 
after their adminifiration fpeak unto them tho* an ungrateful and rebellious people by dus 

to fHck to the OldTeftament Scnpmres, [as in the verfe preceding] do Finally* nnke it 
more than probable that this Prophet mig^t write much later than NehemtdA^t time» 
even lb late as the eighdi year ot ^Artsxerxes Mnememi or in the year before A. I>, 
£97> where the late ]^iIhop LLOTD placed it, to his having therein his ending of the 
Kven Weeks now before us, were diere not other firong Reafons which will not at all 
admit of this Event, as the Ending of thefe Weeks. {h) Dan/ix* 24. 

(1) SeeourExpofidon, p. 2 (k) Con. Hifl. £• 290, Thitigh in tht end tf th$ 

ewtntjfifib vtrft hoth tbt iwt frfiptrMs tf tbefi WUit, fit. that pffevat Wtttsj and 

the Sevm Weeks of this Prophecy. 169 

it in a figstratrue^ we in the Utteral fenfcj I haye for thefc reafons 
accordingly in the preceding (/) Expofition of this Prophecy remark- 
ed the mi litteraf rehfikBng as the immediate Event of this ifanje 
period of Weeks (m) : herein only begging leave to vary from that 
mdl learned^ and judicious Prdate, whofe Expc^tion is now be-» 
fore us. 

And how this i»irt of the Prophecy had its full accomplidiment 
m Nehemist^s coming to Jeritjalem in the twentiedi year of the reign 
rf Artaxerxts King of Tef^ia> with an exprcfe Commiffion from 
that King lofitu^ theWalU, ondGates, and to rehmUthe Houfes of 
that Qty^ and how the Walls thereof were a<^?aUy fet up in that 
year« and alfo how the thorough repeopling, mA rebuiloing of it 
being by him moft wi&lyj and efie&ually projeded foon after, the 
'uoid or njDafte places of that City as left in didr ruins by the Bahy^ 
Imam hegm thence forward from time to time> to be again reple- 
niihed with Houfes, and Inhabitants^ 'till at length in about half t 
Century^ or in the here predided period of fiven Weeksy or for ty^ 
Tune years, it might have been frilly brought to a ftate of perfedion* 
or recovery of its antient grandeur and iuftre> and therein be truly> 
and properly denominated rebmk» I have abready occafionallyfliewn, 
and therefore I need not to repeat here. 

I luve alfo formerly (0) had occafion to fhew that this great work 
of tebml&ng the nuafie places of Jerufalem could not likely be ac- 
complilhed in a lefs period of time tHan the prophedck period now 
before us. 

I need therefore only Finally^ to add as to the Jews having this 
fall period of time (iw. of the here predidcd fcven Weeks, or 
forty-nine years) to themfelves therein quiedy^ and undifturbedly to 
accompliih this work* ihould that be made a matter of doubt» or 
objedion here> that there is no room at all that I know of, for 

There cannot be any, during King Artaxerxes (Lrngpnanvs) his 
.rrign> for he gave the Jews thar Grant to rebuild their City; And 
He reigned fome twenty-one years from Nehemah^s being (ent Go- 
vernour by Wm (o)y for that purpofe. 

And as to the next King of Per/ia, viz. Darius Nothusy we have 
Dr. Prideauxi's authority (p) for Nehemah's being frill Gov^mour at 
Jerufalem 'till ^^ffteenth year of the reign of that King. Confe- 
quently 'till this time all was well widi the Jews. And in the year 


ihat 0/ t^eftare ^md ^«w WuU beine menttcn'd together, the Event of rejloring and 
bmleUng [that i«, of rebiilding] Jcruialcm with its Street and Ditch [Wall] is fiib' 
joined to both if them mthomt sny diJiinS application to either, yet the wards immedi' 
ateiy following in the next verft appropriating the time of the Mediah to the period of 
Jixty two Weeksy this necejfarih leaves the other, that is the rejioring and building [or 
reboUding] tf }eru(alem with us Streets or Ditch [Wall] to be appropriated to the pe- 
riod of (even Weeks. — (0 ^^* '^^ P* S* (''') ^^^ ^^^ ^^ learned 
Mr. Lydiat explain'd this part of the Prophecy. («) See p. i4i> &c. 
(o) Nehetniah went with ms Grant to Jemjalem in the twentieth or jirtaxerxes, in the 
year beifbre Chrift 44 jr* (p) See Con. Hift. p* 410 Tub Anno anu %A» V. 4091 
fa which year He makes JSf^ktM 19 work hU luft aft ot Refonoauon, 

176 Concerning the Ending of 

following Mr. Beam (f ) (peaks of bim alTo as ftill Govemour dietr^ 
tdling us withal as a thing moft likely /^^ Nchetniah amthmed m bis 
C&vemment to the time ^ bis deatb^ but njjhem tbat b^fned it is no 
nohere find But whenever that was^ here were now fbme ttarty^ 
frutm years paft in Mr. Deaif^ account of IhbemiJfs Life> andGo- 
vemmenCj as we are thus brought into the fixteemtb year of the 
leign <^ DariMs Notbus, And Nehetmsb might poflibly live longer> 
andgovem 9ljerufalemy as being nowfuppos'd (r) to be but ieven** 
ty years old. 

Howeverj as for the remaining tbree yestrs {s) ef Darius'; fesps, 
even if it were fuppos'd that he had an evil eye againft the Jenmy 
and there is notU^ in Hiflory that I know of looking this way, 
yet if hehadj his hands were then foil with the Egyftiam, and the 
AratioMS, and the Medesy and aUb in Greece (/). 

And as for Artaxerxes Muemm, who was the next Kingof ^^ffh 
great were the perplexities of his reign fo^r the (irft four years of it» 
occafion'd by tne rebellion of his younger brother Cyrus. And He 
was no fooner cut off {u)y but in the next year («;) there was work 
enough for him in Leffer Afia: which continued beyond the expi^ 
ration of our prophetick period dl fivem Weeksy or forty wm years io 
the ^iJotb year of his re^ (x). And we are not any farther con-« 
cem'd with his reign. But hitherto forafoiuch as for any thing that 
we (ind> or have the leaft reafon to fufped to the contrary^ the 
ye'im had long been> and now were, in a perfed ftate of Tranquil- 
iicy : and whether Nehemiah were living, or dead> they might be 
now as it were fii juris (y). However, they had doubdefe tuU op- 
portunity all this while of rebuihing their Qty, that is, of reftoring 
it again to its ancient ftrength, ftnidhire, and gnmdeur : the great 
work this v^ch either in their Vf^aUs^ or in mei r Streets they had 
hitherto from time to time under their hands, even from Nebemiat^& 
coming thither among them in the twentietb year of the reign of 
Artaxerxes Jjongimanus King of Terpa, with his royal Commiffion 
thereunto immediately authorizing God's people. 


(9) See Con. tiift. p. 42^. (r) See Dr Trid. Coo. VaSt. p. 4:6. Jofifbmt 

i'Anc. xi. f] tells us that he died loaded with years. (s) For he reioi'd 19 years. 

Pro/. Can. J (/) See Dr Prid. Con. Hift. p. 4*7. (m) Vixi in the 

burth year of Artrnxerxtrt^ in thevear before *A. Di 401. (iv) In the fiith o€ 

jirtaxeTxts the ljuedetmn$ans join'd with the jSthenums againft the Perfians, 
{x) SccVr.Pridi Con. Hifti p. 439. (y) Under the GovemmeiJt of the 

High-Priefi ; an Oath of - Fidelity being however taken to the PtrRam Kiogt and a tri*> 
bucary acknowledgment of his Sovereignty being made yearly by them > for this we find 
from Jtfefkus [Ant. xi. 8] was the Sute of weir Government wYicn^lixander in the 
year before jS. X>: 3329 came to them from the Siege of 'tyrti He, itleems> had fenc 
in that bepe to Jaddns to furniflihim with neceflaries for bis Army: who in anfwer 
pleaded his Oath to Darius. Ai\d in their favours asked of him, the Jivs defir'd no 
more than his continuadon of the privileges which they had before enjoyed under theii; 
great Governour Nehemiah, and after his death doubtlels» 'till Alexander* t coming among 
them, viz. the free exercife of their Ctimtry LawSy and ReliffMt audantxemptionfrenk 
tribute every feventh year, becaufe therein they did net fiw : which he readily granted. 
— Dr Prideaux [in Con, Hift. VoL i . pi 417] hath indeed imagLn'd that after the deadli 
of Nehtmiah, the Country oiJndM vru thencetorth wholly fnhftS fo thg Goutrwm tJSy^. 

the Seven Weeks of this 'Prafbeey, 171 I 

Aod thus we bare gone through this tirll period of Weeks ; from I 

its Biffmmg CO its Ending, as TcfpeQivdy in the odier Hypothcfet 
whidi have been here under conuderation, fo alio in the rile, conii- 
nuattoiii and accomplifhinent of this the prediiScii Event thereof :n 
the Utter of this Prophecy. And having (o done, we hav« aUb done 
with the fiift part or thisTreatife. 

... „ I hath elfeu'hcto 

(old ut [be coaoiTj [vix, in Vtl. ii, p. 66i] la the Ibllowing wordi> Tht Triii tf Jodd) 
nlKmlt^ jnm ikiiT tiftMtJ Ult tbdr »mi LMd, btdtkpt (*(Jr SCEPTREand LAW- 
CIVER iuii» rifin'd it item. Frr tm,g ihtrt imMyed Mitia •knda tht /«v CmfiU 
Imiitm tf Gmmmni, tht, hti jgtu PRINCES rf ihth nn ti tt RULERS ntr thtm, 
snd tht jtdmhiifitMtim if J^Htt mnicr ihim bj tkm OWN LAWS in tht ftni mto- 
atr HI itfin, mif» thij CONTINUED to hitut witkiut INTEKRUPTIOM. txufii^ 

mlftlit tiniwi md ta huff <f AsniiKbas- 1 pnfiiniitH. Stc. The Jim were 

tbtrt&nt Cirtlj afttr tfihmiLih'iitathfiH jmrii; and noi fubjefl to the Govrrnoiir ri 
Sjrim, but mrntf under Che Govscmfnt of duir Nigh-FtiiJIi, Ibey bowcvei ouluw 

ibcicKluiowledgiiifiicioduKiivof Piifis,ujixm, 



Treatetli of the Seven Weeks, and Sixty 
two Weeks; As the laid two Numbers of 
Weeks together conftitute the fecond Period of 
this Prophecy. 


Concerning the Beginning of the Seven 
JFeekSy and Sixty two freeks, 

BE come now to confider the fecond Period rf 
1 this Prophecy confifting of fixty nine weeks; 
j MS. of chrecTcore and two Weeks in reckoo^ 
E ing graited in upon the foregoing feren 
I Weeks {a). And tWe according to our pro- 
1 poftd method. We are to confider in the 
I twofold refpefl, Firft of tiieir Beffnua^, Se- 
I condly of rheir Etuittg. 

And Firfi, Of tbeh Beginnii^ 
And this ftom whac hath been faid of the bt:^mi!i^ of the firft 
fevea Weeks is already evident: As the £une ArgumcDa which 


(d)AiiaRKkoning tbn nenflanly mull bt> beoileitii rt^ttdiy taU in tbe Tmt, 

fDm.iic.2x.'] tiac fnm tkt going firsb rf tht CtmmmbiM {lull iefivm Wiih, 

mi J!xa *■■ T«»j: ihic is, 7 W*ekj for ihe Event that erprejfljr fpedfied of ti- 
hulSniJ^tlim; mit-i Witii, \y.i6.']hTtbicMiimj;iff tht Mcflah «1 tht tniif 
them. BuiihrtB is bui One and the (ime Beginning hftefotSenof, from whence Diould 
bereckon'd the two leTpeftive Periods, which are hwe folemnii'd wiih thefe Eventi. 
Th«efore ihe 61 W«lu are evidently ro lie leclwn'd upon thcforegoing 7 Weekiro the 
conftiraiing»perLodof69 Week«i as CA«j« wiinooiherwHe mk t/«f[(T fii Wnhfrtm 
thtf:«iiiffi>rili of tht Pn^itiit Ctnmiaiiibniiii thin at tbofe 6i Weeks are reckon'd upon 
-he forcing ftveo Weeks taking theii bqiniiln| J™» ibe iiiitf firth of £ub Com- 

Of the Beginning of the 7 Weeks ^ &c 1 7 j 

have proved our begitinu% of the fidd ieven Weeks do necei&tj^ 
ly prove the b^mning of tbefe fixty nine weeks alib> as fixty two 
weeks in reckoning immediately following upon thofe feveq weeks 
together make wy nhie Weeks. 

But fiirther> in order to difcover the true Befffffung of thefe fixty 
nine wedcs^ we may kx>k to the fure Ending of them. And thence 
by reckoning upwards fb many weeks to the time of the going 
forth of the here predi&ed Commandments we (hall not m of 
coming this way aUb to the knowledge of the true Beginning of 

Now the Scripture Ending of thefe fixty nine Weeks* and that 
ak>ne can be the true Ending of them> is certainly according to the 
Prophecy* as we (hall fee anOn (b), (omt time in that year 
which immediately nreceded the Paflbver in which the Meffiah 
luas cut cff, or Chrifl! our FaJJiver (c) was facrtpcedfar us. For ac- 
cording to this Proi^ecy Our Savk>ur CM^ could not furvive a 
whole vear after the ex{Mration of theie fixty nine JVeeis, or fimr 
hundred and eighty three Tears : as it will be hereafter {d) (hewn. 
And he could not die but at Paflbver) as it will be alfo ihewn (f> 
And Finally* it will be ihewn (/) that he died in the very Paflb- 
ver after the, expiration of thefe fixty nine Weeks in a reckoning 
of time from the going firth of the Frofhetick Cornmandment to re-' 
imld the Wally and Streets of Jerufiilem. And therefore fi'om die 
going forth of fuch Commaiviment* which as I have formerly 
ihewn was in the twentieth year of the reign of Artaxerxes Lan^ 
gimanus King of Perfiay did the late moft learned Bifliop Lbyd in 
')& agreement with the exprefs letter of this Prophecy date his 
ining of thefe Weeks. 

itki t& Biihop had otherwile die greateft reafon for fo doing> as 
no Reckoning whatibever from the going firth of any of the other 
three freceMng Commandmeists whether by &)lar, or Lunar Years (g), 
can poffibly throw out fixty nine Weeks of Years* or four hundred 
and eighty three Years, as they ought to do to agree with the 
Prophecy* between thefe two exprefs prophetick terms* to which 
we are pinned down in the Text for the Begptmng and Ending of 
thefe Weeks. And Confequently None of thofe preceding Com- 
mandments can with any agreeableneis to the Prophecy give a be- 
ginning to thefe Weeks. 

The learned Mr. Dean of Norwich as he hath b^un thefe 
Weeks from the fiventh of Artaxerxes, hath herein endeavoured 
10 hdp his Hypothefis by making the whole feventy Weeks of this 
Prophecy to end in the death of Chrijf, and the C^ty nine of tliem 


(h) vtK. in the following Chapter. U) i C«r. v. 7. (d) viz* in the next Chapter. 
(5) »*• (/) ih, (i) From the 6rft of Cyrus to the cntttn^ off oi Chriji are $6^ 
Tears s from the fecond of Daritu to the (aid facb jfi Years i ana from the feveoch of 
jtrtaxerxes to the fame 490 Years. But the Prophetick Period tnow before us is but 
483 Years. Thus all thefe Reckonings exceed by Solar Years> much more by Lunar 
Years* when reckon'd tK>iA the foins. forth Qf any of UkcTe tj^e^ Comffandoeuu U 

1 7+ Of the Beginning of the 7 Pf^eeks] and 62 Pf^eekil 

to have had their ending at his Coming feven years before, viz;, 
in his comiQg to his Miniftry. But tbde beii^ in both thefe re- 
foeds tniftaken Endings of thefe Weeks, as we fliall fee hereafter (h), 
Mr. Deaths now mencion'd beginning of thefe Weeks becomes ne- 
cef&rily alfo a miflaken B^nit^. 

Mr. L. alfo hath begun his five hundred years period (which he 
hath found in this Prophecy of the Seventy weeks) fix)m the fi^ 
viftth ef Aruicerxes (/). But his is fuch an atbitrary> and indeed 
unjuftifiable feventh of that King's reign as the Lc^ed can noc 
admit of, becaufe 

Firfii it is abfolutdy inconfiflent with Ptolemy's (k) fiventb of that 
King's reign. And this puts Mr. L. quite befide the mark in his 
Expofition of thefe Weeks, were there no other ObjeAion againft 
his Beginning of them. For whereas the learned Dr. Frideaux hath 
alfo fixt his beginning of thefe Weeks in the yrt tff Artaxerxes, yet 
he is entirely confiflent with Ttokmfs year thereof: as the Year of 
the Julia9^ Period, with which he hath made the faid ph tf Ar- 
taxerxaj coincident> is truly the Year 4256 (/). On the other hand 
Mr. L. hath ftretched a point in Chronology here fo far as to dif- 
fer about fome fix years from Dr. Prukdux, as the Year of the j^. 
P. 4250 (m) is Mr. Vs Year thereof, with which he hath made co^ 
incident the jtb ef Artaiferxcs : And Confequently herein alfo is a 
like difference with Ptolem/s Caoon. Arid 

Seeortdlp tho' other Authorities are alledgfd by Mr. L. in juflifi^ 
cation or himfelf here, yet the whole centers in Ctefias : from 
whom Mr. I., hath affign'd but thirty one years to tne reign of 
DariM tfyfiajpif, whereas Ptokmy hath giv*n him thirty fix yearsj 
iind fo many Herodotus had alfo giv^n him long before. And the 
five years thus taken ofF from the re^ of Darius HjfiaJ^ Mr. L. 
hath thrown into the reign of Artaxerxes UrngtmanuSi to the encreaf^ 
ing the years of his reign, and therein to the anticipating, or ma- 
king to come fo much earlier the firfl year of the reign of King 
jirtaxetxes-i and confequently his feventh alfo for the fake 
of his Hypothefis: to which I fhall fpeak more particularly pre-" 
fently. But 

V'trfty as touching the contraSed reign o( Darius Hyflafpis in the 

5 years cut off from it upon the authority of Ctej^l Alafs 

what is his Authoricy here ? Mr. L. is not ignorant of the opi- 
nion of the Antients concerning him (n). Nor is he \d& flighted 
by the Moderns (0). 


{h) viz. in the following Chapter. (i) Ckrmt Ef.p.yi. (k) In Cmwni. 
(/) Or the Year before ^. D, 458. (w) Or the Year before A, D, 464.^ (?) Mr 
jL. himfelf hath noted it> p* 78. Chron* Effay. (0) Sir JF. Marfljomin particular in the 
following words. Ctefid jamdudum non elt in(u{pe£hi fides, [p. 75-- fo. Edit, Land. 1671 "] 
Commenta Ctejja plurimis graviflimis Scriptoribiw impofuerunt. [f. 477.] Ctejuts parum 
fide dignus. [i>.] lu de illo cenfliit magnus ArifloteUs, [ib.J Haud temere (equendus efL 

[/*.] The learned Dr. Prideaux hath thus giv'n us his opinion of him. [Cm. Hiftt 

p. 437] Wefind^xt s fwr CbargHir ofCiidm itmng tbt Antitnts^ [^Arifi^tU in H//?. 


i»r, as together they make 69 fFeekf. '17/ 

Mr. L. hath indeed call'd in queftioa the credit of Herodotus (p)i 
However the teftimony of the latter is furely full as good as ttiac 
of the former. It is put out of doubt that it is much more {o, as 
in this particular the GeneraBty of Writers have fcUoweJ him (^), and 
not Ctefiai : and efpedally as the great and immortal Vtolmy hath 
received his account> and not that of Ctefas here into his Ginon.— » 
But wfll Mr. I«. fay as much againft Ptolemy^ as he hath againil: 

Herodotus ? He will not (r). — ^Therefore the calling in qucftion 

the authority of Herodotus here is groundleis: for Pt<&w/s Autho- 
rity confirms his. Had Ptolemy done as much for Ctefasy the 
Scales hsui then certainly tura'd here in tus favour : but cuntrari-> 
wife We fee the balance moft powerfully turning not for him> buc 
for Herodotus. 

But Mr L. hath here (/) told us in favour of Ctefas that he was 

chief Phyfician to Artaxerxes M»emon. AndT I pray, what 

then ? \i his Authority a-^whit the greater on that account ? If 

it be, why did not Mr. L. follow Ctefas alfo in the years of the 
reign of Artaxerxes Lm^imanus, as well as he had before in the 

years of the reign of Darius Hyfiajfis ? Ctejias hath giv'n Art ax- 

erxes Longimanus but forty two years. Mr. L. hath -giv'n that 
King .between forty five and forty fix years. But if Ctefas*s Au" 
thority were ever the greater for the rcafon here allcdg'd, viz. 
that; He was Phyfician to Artaxerxes Mnemon, for the exad years 
of the reign of Darius Hyftaffis, it is furely much more fo as to 
the years of the reign oi Artaxerxes Longimanus, as that King's 
reign was fo much nearer to Ctefiais own time. But Ctefias his Au- 
thority is not admitted by Mr. L. as to that King's reign : there- 
fore his tefHmony is equally to be rejected as to the years of Dsh 
tins Hyftajpis. 

But we are yet told by Mr. I#. (t) in favour of Ctepas, and iii 
his own vindication in following him, that his Authority \s fupport- 
ed by the Arundel Marble Chronicon, as therein the death of Darius 
Hyfbfpis is "fixed to the year that Ariftides vjas Archon at Athens^ 
namch accoriing to Plutarch in his life of Ariftides luas in the year («} 
following the defeat of the Perfians at Marathon (*w). 

But of what iervice this teftimony can be here, in truth I fee not> 
however urged by Mr. I*, upon the Authority alfo of that eminent 
Chronol(^er Mr. Ly^at (x). For 


\Anm4 lih. viii. c. 28. Pimtarch in Artaxerxe:] thiy generally fieMni^ of him as a FA* 
'IBULOUS Writer." -^He frojejjing that all he wrote was taken ont of tht royal records of 
Perfia» in which aU Tranfa&ions according to the Law there ordained for this fnrpofi 
faithfnlh regifiredy this IMPOSED on Many to give him more credit than he DESERV^ 
ED. p*. J (^) Chron. EJf. p. 78. (q) 'TU Mr, L*s own Acknowledgment, 

^. 78. w. (r) Forhe juftly reverencech Ptolnmy's Canons but only he would beg his 

pardon in departing from him in the particulars now before us : thinking that for the iako 
of hie Hypochefis be might do fb> withomt lejfening the antherity of this Canon in any other 
tejpeili or fo mnch as l^ng one year 9 in all the Tea*s it gives an accontrt^: as are Mr. JL's 
words; Chron* EJf. p. 84. (s) p, yjj 78. (f) th, («) Or in the 

year before ^. D, 490. (») Chron* EJf. p. 75". {tc) Can. Chron* 

i>.J7. 73- 

176 OftheBeginnh^oftheyWeekSyanH^Weeksl 

Fkfi, the Author c^ chat Chrmdcm gives but twenty ieveti years 
to the rdgn of Darius Hjfiafpis: And beiein he is agreeing neither 
with Herodotus J nor with Ctefias. And 

Secondly, though the Author thereof might begin the reign of Da- 
rius Hyfiajfisy (as Mr. L^tbut (j) the better to fet off his opinion here 
hath luppofed) from his takit^ of Bafybuy after a twenty months 
fiege thereof (z), which was five years from die death of the Ma^ 
giau {a), and fo this Account of his twenty ieveti years reign will 
become reconcileable with Ctefiss^s thirty one years affign'd to this 
King, as they are reckoned from the death ^ me Magjum (h) : And 
though acconJing to Flutisrcb (r)* Arifiides, as it is hens uiged» was 
Archon at AthM in the year after the battle at Maruthou, vet ftiU 
this teftimony of Tlutarcb proves nothine as to the death ot Dartu$ 
in that year. That proves nothing but me Archon of the Year af- 
ter the battle at Maratbom. And Ar^ides beii^ then Archon, the 
Author of the Marble could not but of courfe place the death of 
Darius in that Archonfhip : even becaufe his twenty (even Years 
reign of that King from Mr. Ljdiafs fuppos'd beginning thereof 
neceflarily end in tbit year. 

Indeed according to Ctefias his thirty one years aflignM to Darius, 

he muft alfo have died in this year. ^But if the Author of die 

Marble Chronicon followed Ctefias^ or fome other who had fol- 
lowed him in the end of this Kinp reign« why had not he> or they 

alio followed him in the beginning of his reign? Or how came 

it to pafs that this Author ^ve Darius only a twenty feven years 
reign» whereas Ctefias hath giv^n him a reign of on^ and thirty 

vears ? In fliort. We need no other anfwer than id the words cS 

Mr. L. {d)j as he hath told us> and therein indeed hath hit on the 
true reaibn here« viz. that this Author had no Account that be could 

defend on. But if fo : if the Compiler of this Chronicon had 

no ground for what he hath delivered as touching this reign* as con- 
feiTedly here he had not, I muft then here beg leave to put the 
queflion, how Mr. L. or how We can, or indeed why we ought 
at all to depend upon his authority as to Darius his death after a 

tiixnty feven years reign ? If we depend upon it, we muft con- 

feilecUy depend upon uncertainty ; and againft the confteded (e) Ge- 
nerality of Writers alfo, and the fure teftimony ot Vtolemy alio, and 
more efpeciallv, as he hath declared for Herodotus^s thirty fix years 
of Dariusj as before noted. 

But after all, as to this taking off of theie five years from the 
reign of Darius, it will not anlwer the end proposed formerly by 
Mr. luydiat, and fince by Mr. I<. for the beginning of the rei^ ot 
Artaxerxes Longimanus fo many years earlier, that the jth of Ar- 


Sj) Cm^ Chron. p. 74. (z) Herod, lib. 3. JmJIin lib. I. c. 10. Pofyotmt lib. /• 
Smerdis, or the %Artaxerxts menuon'd in die fourth Chapter of Ezra. [See Prist* 
Con. Hift.^. f/f,"] {b) After a reign of 7 months from the death of CMmej^es.—^^ 
Darims hia firft was in the Year before *A. D, jxt. He took "Bahylm In the year befor« 

^. P./i^. (f) yn^rijiidf, (J) Qkrm. ftp ^ 76. fubtoe* (*J ^.p, 7»s 

% ^stog£tber they make 69 Weeks. 177 

toerxes, from whence Mr.. Z». begins thefe Weeks, and the tvxn^ 
tkth thereof from whence Mr. "LySat began them might alfo come 
fo much the iboner, by the addition of them to the years of the 
reign of the {^^AArtaxerxts-^ for the Teftitnonies alledg'd by way 
of Vindication here do in no wife bear them out in departing from 
Ttolemfs Canon alfo in this King*s reign,- as we fhall fee by briefly 
looking into thoie Teftimonies. 

Firft, Ic is here alledg'd f om Biodorus Siculits that the Flight of 
Themiftocks was in the fecond year of the feventy feventh Olyn^* 
piad(^)^ And 

Secmdlyy From Cornelius Nefos, and Thucydfdes, and Charon of 
luompjaaif, that the faid Themiftocles came into Perf a to Artaxerxes 
then newly reigning after his fether's death, and hence it is conclu- 
ded that the Year of the flight of Themiftocks^ and the firft year of 
the reign of Artaxerxes Longtmanus muft be coincident, and Confe- 
quently that the latter muft be raifed up fo much higher. But a- 
gainft fuch Conclufion there lie the following Objeclions (hewing 
i&e very great uncertainty, • and indeed groimdlcfsnefs of it. njiz. 

Pirft^ though Thucyi&des and Charon of Lampfacus have affirm'd 
as above* yet Others, and they the greateft Number according to 
Plutarch (/), have affirm'd otherwife,- viz. that Themifiocles came 
not to Artaxerxes, but to his father JT^x^x. And Cornelius Nepos(g) 
aUbacknowledgeththe fame, though he foUow'd ThucycHdes: ButP/«- 
tarch hath call'd in queflion (h) the Chronological Tables followed 
by *Ihttcy{Udes, And thus this becomes a moft doubtful Point. 
Therefore there ought not to be any reafoning from hence to the 
Point in hand : for indifputably it cannot afford any fure foundation 
for the folution of any part of this folemn Prophecy now before 
us.— -But 

^ Secondly, Even allowing Thucydides, and Charon of Lampfacus tO 
have been certainly in the right as to Themiftocles his coming to Ar^ 
taxerxes-^ and not to Xerxes, yet there can be no fure conclufion 
hence to fuch raifedj&y? ^Artaxerxes, as is now under confideration. 

Firfl^ Diodorus Siculus might be miftaken as to the Year of The^ 
trnftocles his coming into Terfta. For he is of no fuch uncontefta- 
ble Authority as nucydides^ and Charon of Lof^facus: and howevet 
his Authority be often quoted by the greateft Chronologers, as Mr. 
X. (0 hath here giv'n us to underftand, yet upon better authority 
he is alfo often laid afide (ky And the learned (/) Mr. Dodv:ell in 
this very particular hath therefore made no Scruple of laying him 
aflde : having brought the flight of Themiftocles (ix years lower (pi) 

N to 

(«) wjc. in the Year before .<#. 1>* or th^ common Ckriftlan jLn 4.^14 (/) lo 
ThemifiocU, (^) Alfo in Themifiocle. {h) ih, (/) Chron^ ^ff^y*. P« yJ*. 

(k) Sir J, Marfliam Ipeaks of him as writing in fortie things Hyperholically, [p. /f.j w4 
falfefyy [p. 476 and 40/ »] and that from Ctejias, [twice in the pages laft quoted.] 
'/) Anna! Thucjd, p. 784 See the learned Dr. Prideanx alfo, C9n, Hifl* p. ^i6t 


178 Of the Beginning of the 7 Weeks y and 61 Weekf 

%i order to reconcile his teftitnony with ThucyJides, and CharoH of 
IjampfacM their teflimony of Thmiftocles ms coming to Artax^ 
§rxesj in the true firft year of that King's reign. And yet 

Secondly, There may poffibly be another way of £iving the cre-^ 
dtt of Dhibrus Siculus here> and of making him confiftent witk 
Ihucydides his account of Tbemiftocles his comii^ to Artaxerxes^ a» 
7h?Tmfiocks his flight into AJia might be in the year afl^'d by Dh- 
darns Siculus^ or in the fifteenth year of the reign of King Xerxet, 
and yet his Arrival at the Terjian Court might not be' till prefcntly 
afcer the death of Xerxes, and fo in the fidt of Artaxerxes accord- 
ing to Jhucyebdes. For it is more than probable that the ieveral ii> 
tervening paQage* of this Hiftory {n) of Themfiodesm}^ have been 
under tranfadion five or fix years, or the whole interval bttweent 
Difkkrus Siculus his account of his fiight> and Thucydides his account 
of hii arrival at the court of Ferjia, rather than that they fhoutd 
aU of them have haphed in one> and the fame year: pr indeed ht^ 
fore the death of Xerxes. And if la, thcw thete teftiihonies are re* 
<jonciteable ,- and the credit of Dhd. Skulus as to Tbemflocles his^ 
flight may al(b ftand : vi^Ao Arges in the year by him alliga'd fos 
it,, but not into Ferjia ia chat Year. 


(n) ThemiflKlet being bani/Kc ^Athens went to yfr^M, and fetded there. [Ibl babit»« 
turn conceflic. Corn. Nspos in Vit. Them.'] How long his Setclemenc was there> whe-. 
cber for months, or Years, I do not find* but there he lived in great credits [Vbk magna 
cum dignitate v txir- Com, Nepos ib»^ This drew on htm the farther envy, and Pro^cutioii 
9lfoof the LaceJjemomantigsanA him> who liimmonM him to Sparta before the general 
Council of All Greece there met together. Bat he not obeying this Summons, and think- 
ing himfelf now no longer fafe at «^rgoi> he fled from thence to Cercyra^ Afterwards h^ 
ti^ent to AdmetHS King of the MaioJJians^ There he doubtless ftaid a tinut 'till the jitht^ 
mansi and Lacedxmoaians hearing where he was, Centformalfy to demand him, but ia 
Vaini\Admetms coBcealing him. f/KI Afterwards by his afHftance he was conveyed to. 
d^ecoafls of th« cASgean Sti, and to takine Ship at Fydna in Macedonia^ from thence he 
palled over to^ Cyma a City of Maiia in the leUer ^Jta,, Now Xerxes having put a^prica 
ijpon his head, many were in feafch after him : and therefore there be lay bid for fame timet 
*vi\ at length bv the afTiflance of his Hofl Nicegenes, He was artfully conveyed fafe to 5'ir>- 
fi, and fo to> me prefence of the Ferjian King.. Sed -Or. Pff^.,Con. Hifi*^. 247, front 
Flntarchi whom he follows here, in making Thenujfocies come to Xerxes, and not to Ar^ 
tkxerxes according to Thnvfdides, whom he fiippofeth out in this particular, jr.. 249, and 
Diodwms Sicnlm not mifiaken in it. But yet in page a86^ he approves of Mr.. Dodweil^s 
laying afidethe autboriry of Diod. Siculns, mewine that it is not in the leaft to be r^ard* 
ed in refped of any fetdement that is to be made from thence of the true firfl Year of 
jirtaxerxes Jjm^Manus% by a fix Years rife thereof up into the Year of Themlfioclts bit 
flight) as placed oy Diodams Siculus upon the teflimony of Thucydides hix maktog 7%«-> 
wfiocUs CD come to that King then newly reigning. Either Thucydides^ or Diodorus Ss- 
atlus mufi have been mifiaken in cafe that Tbemifiocles'i flight* and his Arrival in Perjia 
-was in one> and the &me Year. And in that cafe Diodtrm^ Siculus muA g^ve place* ar 
Mr. Dodwetl makes hkn to do accordingly: or elfe the Authorities of Twucydidety and 
Com^NepoSi znd Charon of Lampfacus mull Be here laid aiide./ But aU their Audiorities 
may fland> if otherwtle as 1 have been here (urmiflng, there might be about a fix years IS' 
rerval between Xbemiflocles his flight into Afia, and his coming to the Ferfiam, Courts 
Biit even thus the Authority of other Hiflorians, of Plutarch in particular mufl be neccf^ 
imW^ \sdA a(ide» as they have related Themifiocles to have come not to Artaxerxes^ but to 
his tather Xerxes, —The ufe to be made of all this is to (hew hoj^r very dark and un- 
certain a p(nnt :hi« is» and therefore how incapable it is of lerving Mr. L^ to the giving 
Mmany theleaft (iire foundation for the fetumg tAsfirfl of Artaxerxes in a fix Years- 
aifFerencefrom Ptolemy* iQvomnt a&daUfbrdMUkeoffiutingaStfiMiV tobil«e»Har 
«8hC^ *«fcWeek*^ o * » -hp- 

Of > as together they make 69 Weeks. 1 7^ 

fiut alas 'tis impoffible for us to know of a certainty how thefe 
things were. The Ancients themfelves, as we have f^en, were not 
agreed in the exad time of them. Even in (<?) Vlutarch\x\va& they 
Were points difputed. Tis furely vain, and trifling therefore from 
filch uncertain Charaders of time to go about to fetde the Chro- 
nological Points now before us : efpecially to think of eftablifhing 
them from hence in oppofition to Ttokmfs Canon, the SUREST 
GUIDE nve have in Chronoh^ {f) : *which therefore in the words of 
the learned Dr. Prukaux (j) is mt fir the authority qf any other hu* 
man 'ivriting whatfiever to be receded from. 

And therefore the Learned have not allowed Tetavius, nor Mr. 
L^£at, nor ArchbiflioplJI&er their relpeflive Liberties taken with this 
Canon in their dcparmre from it for the fake of their refpedliveHy- 
pothefes of thefe Weeks now before us, to their anticipating the 
true twentieth of Artaxerxes, from whence they began thefe Weeks, 
tho' they All took diSerent (r) methods for it Nor muft Mr. L. 
confequently txped a diipenfirion here for his having us*d the like 
liberty with this Canon to his anticipating Ptokm/s tme fiventh of 
Artaxerxes, which before him Mr. LySat took for his twentieth 
thereof, even after all would the Prophetick Text admit of the true 
icventh year of Artaxerxes for the b^inning of thefe Weeks : 
whereas it will not, as I have above fhewn. For Ptolemy muft not 
be receded from, for the fake of an Hypothefis (/). He is in his 
Canon confefledly by Mr. Vs (/) telling, right as to the number ofyearsy 
from the fir ft rf Nabonaffir, who is the fir ft Emperowr sn it, even to 
the reign gr Antoninus who is the lafi Etnperour in it! And by Mr. 
X**s (») telling alfo, the Ecl^/esy on which the /aid Canon is founded, 
dnd which are pv*n in the Abnagefi are fufficient to fecure the exa£i 
number of yfiats ajfigf^d in it, ■■■ ' " They are fo furely: And I will 
add alfo, they are fufficient to authorize his whole Canon. They 
prove indeed immediately, and directly only to thofe years of Kings 
reigns, in which they hapned : but our Aftronomer's moft exad and 
accurate Notation of them in thofe Years of his Canon makes the 
whole as it were Cicred. His Canon being thus built upon Aftrono* 
mical Obfervations> no year ±roughout £e fame can be broken in 

N 2 upon 

f tf) Floruit fub TrajoHo, & Hadrianoi (p ) As Dr. Trldeamtc moft juftly calls it, 

Coo. Hlft. p. 2861 — Canon ceniflimut AftroDomorum, ic is call'd by the learned Mr« 
Dodwell, Annal. Thucyd. p. 8o*-*-3T&tf nnd»mbted Meafiere of time among all the jlfiro*- 
nemers both Jews and Genttles, the late Bp» Lloyd call'd iti — See the joy which Calvi/imi 
cxpreHed [in the fecond Edition of his book] upon his having receiv'd .a Copy of chia 
Canon by the bands of Abraham Scnltetutt who being here in England as Chaplain to 
Fred, EUof Palatine, afterward King of Bohemia, begg'd aCopy for him of Dr. Overai 
then Dean of St* PauPi^ who had met with a MS thereof — Calvijint if he had li»'d« 
would have reduced all his Chronology to this Canons (9) Con. Hifi, p. 28^,- 

>) How Mr. Lydiat formerly, and Mr^ L« fince, the latttf for his -jth of Artaxerxes 
the former fOr his twentieth fliortned the reign of Darins Hyjfafpisi afid lcngihene4 
that of Artaxerxes, we haVe now feen, And hQW Pctavim and Archbithop UJher 
fliorcnedand Itogthned, (as they had occafion for their refpeflive Hypothefes) the years of 
Xerxet, ziA Artaxerxes, the Reader may fee in Dr. Prideanx'o Accouijr* and refutation 
of their proceedings herdn. [C«n. lUft. p. 249, 184.] {s) By our (econd rule laid 

down by us in our Introdu&ion [p. 14.] we ought co t^ilow bim QKC$ and ALWAY{« 
(0 Ckrwi Eff, p. 74. t«) ttrw. £j^p. Sj* 


1 80 Of the Beginning of the 7 fTeeks, and 6z PTeekr 

upon without Violation^ aod Prefumption. For what tbo' Darius 
Hyftafpis his thirty fix years reigft cannot be proved threBly from anf 
Ecliffe^ Ptolemy knovmg of none after the thirty firfi of that Kings 
reiph And what tho* in tie tvio following reigns rf XerxeSj and Ar- 
taxerxes Longitnanus he had no EcUffefrom the Antients to guide him 
iny which particulars Mr. JL hath been careful to make us aware of 
(w\ yet furer I am of the years of thoie reigns^ as I find them in 
TtolemyhQasoQXVy upon the authority thereof as founded in general oa 
Eclipiesj than I can poilibly beupon the authority either oF a Writer 
ever accounted FABULOUS both by Ancients, and Modems, as 
fuch is CtefiaSi or of the other Authorities mufter'd up by Mr. JL. 
on this occafion, and even of the Arundel Marble Chronicon* 
which tho' of the greateft Authority in Grecian Affaire, vet not fo 
in the Terfian ; and confefledly (*) not fo in the particuure which 
have been now under confideration> as the Comftkr thereof knew not 
what account here to follow ?■ » And therefore however Mr. £•. 
hath told us that Ptolemy is FJLAINLT mifiaien in aj^ning thirty 
fix years to Darius Hyftafpis, and but forty one years to Artaxerxes 
Longimanus (y}, yet with how litde realTon Mr. i. hath thus charged 
him, we have I think now fufHciendy^feen. The moft uncertain 
Authorities by him produced to prove Ttolemy miftaken do much 
more plainly mew wnere the miftake muft ligho how plainly foever 
to Mr. L. for the fake of his Hypothecs he may have appear'd to 
be miftaken. 

And fo after this fliort digreffion occafion'd by Mr. JL's great Li- 
berty taken with this the Chronologisr's unoonteftable Authority^ the 
golden Canon of Ptolemy, we may now return to what we were be- 
fore ihewing* via. as to the Banning of thefe Weeks, that they 
cannot pot&ly take it from any, left of all from Mr. !«. hisjiventb 
of Artaxerxes. 

And as it was before (hewn, thefe Weeks not poflibly taking their 
beginning from the two preceding Commandments which went 
forth in ravour of the Jews from Cyrus, and from Dariusy and as 
thefe two, and that in the Jeventh of Artaxerxes Longimanus vf ere 
all the Commandments, or Decrees that went forth in the Jews 
fevour, excepting only, the lafl, which went forth in the twentieth of 
the faid Artaxerxes, of courie therefore the Beginning of them re- 
mains to the twentieth year of the bid Artaxerxes, when went forth 
the Commandment to r^iviW Jerufalem, ^c, and where we have ac- 
cordingly fixed the beginning of xhefefixty nine Weeksy ox four hun* 
dred and eighty three y ear Sy as that number of Weeks, and years there 
are exadly between this Prophetick Beginning, and the Prophetick 
Ending of thefe We^ in the death of Chrifi, as we fliall fee 
anon (yy). 

In the mean time this being taken for granted, we may reft fatif^ 
fied in the beginning of thefe Weeksy and fo we may have done with 
them in this reipeft. Only 

(wj Chron. Eff. p. 84, ^ (*) Xb* p. jS fub fine. {j)V^ P. 7V 

^) VU. When we crciw of BHhop x/W« «ndii>g of Aefe Weeks, 

Or, as together they make 69 PFeeks. i8t 

Onlyit may be here farther obferv'd by way oFconfirmation of fuch 
Ixginning, that from hence, even from the tiventieth of Artaxerxes, 
as b^g the true Scripture Beginning of thefe Weeks didthe(x^an- 
tient learned Chriftians date their Computation of them. And 
after their txamplc many pf the (^a} modern Expofitors have, 
done fo likewife. 

And as Scripture {b) was their Guide herein for fuch of thefe Weeks 
as are under prefent confiderationy they were certaiidy in the right 
in fuch Beginning. But (till thefe great men were out is ehdr .copi* 
putation^ tho' taken from fuch true Beginning* on lome or other of 
thefe following accounts : i//jc. 

Fir/?, as fome \c) of them in their groundlefs interpretation of the 
"wora (d) nnnj imagined an abbreviation of the years here in their 
quality, or form, and therefore run them into Lunar years, which 
are abbreviated, or fliort years. Or 

Secondly i as they reckon'd, fome {e) of them the whole feventy 
Weeks, others (f) fixcy-nine Weeks and a half, together in one 
continued Reckoning from one and the fame Beginning : whereas 
neither the one Week (g) the feventieth, or laft Week of this Pro* 
phecy, nor the former Ha/fi nor any part thereof is to be reckoned' 
with the preceding fixty-nine Weeks, becaufe it is a Week feparate 
in reckoning from them, a Week by it felf, and therefore nocpoffibly 
having to do with their Beginning, or to be continued in reckoning 
with them, as it hath been formerly noted^ and as it will be more 
fully (hewn hereafter (h). And 

Thirdly, as they were utterly ignorant of the true PrpjAetick vear 
here made ufe of, viz. the ancient vulgar Eaftern yeajr pf three 
hundred and fixcy days. Which form of year in its proper pkce 
will be fliewn to be the true year of Reckoning in this Prophecy, 
when after that we have confider'd the Ending of thefe fixcy-nine 
Weeks, or four hundred and eighty three years, we ihall then evi- 
dence the perfeft agreement of fuch reckoning of the (aid number 
of Weeks, or Weeks of Years from the ty:entieth Tzar of King 
Artaxerxes, with the holy Scripture in the firft place, and in the next 
with Ftokmfs Canon. But we are now immediately to proceed ac- 
cording to our propos'd method to confider the refpedive Endings 
of thefe Cxty-nine Weeks in the feveral Hypothcfes now before us : 
and this will therefore be the fubjed of the following Chapter. 

' • * 

(«) AfrUanm who flouriflied in the b^inning of the third Century : Emfehins, Jemmi 

Theodora, {a) Bede^ Zonaras, RnpertMSt Job, Temporariuss Con», a Lapidc, Job. Vr-Jftms, 

Tttav'ms, Mr. Lydiat-^ Archbp. Ufher, Sec. (b) DanAx, 25-. The Commandment there 

fpoken of in the letter of the Prophecy fuiting to no other than that which was granted to 

Nelendak by King Artaxerxes in the icth year of his reign, (c) jffricanus,yf/ho 

\- is followed by Taeodoret^ ^ede, Zonarast RnpertmSt and the genertlity of the Romfjh 

f Doctor?. [See Frid. Con. IJift. p. 280.] (d) V. L, sAbbriviata Jnnt : In omt 

I Tranflacion Are determined, arc appointed of God tor the great Events therein to fall 

out, according to their refneaive PreditStions. (*) So particularly Dr. Prideamx, 

(/) So particularly Mr. L4»f^^^r. (^) I^4», ix. 27. (A) When we come 

la order co treat of the faid Week. 

N 5 C H A P,. ^ 


C H A ?. a 

Setting forth theEnditig of the Sixty-nine Wccks^ 
or four hundred and eighty three Years of this 
Prophecy t in the Reverend and Learned Tirl 
Prideaux*/ Hypotbefis thereof . 

• * 

THE next thing which cometh under our confideration is the 
TMding of the feven Weeks, andthreefcoreand two Weeks, 
or as in conjoined, or continued reckoning they maike three- 
(core and nine Weeks. 

And herein I ihall proceed in my former method to confider, 
Firft, Dr. Vndeauxh Ending of thefe Weeks, fecondly, the late Bi- 
(hop JL&^^s Ending of them. 

Vhfiy 1 beg leave to confider the Reverend, and learned Dr. Pn- 
deaux^s Ending of theie (ixty-nine Weeks. And this is the {a) Cofip- 
ing cf the Memah in theferjm of John the Baptift. For as Mr. Beaii 
hath told us (i). From the firfl feven Weehy or forty nine Tears reckon^ 
tngfxtj two Weeks, or four hnukeJ and thirty four Tears more» thsdi 
ivi/i lead us down to the Coming of Chrift the MefQah, luho is here 
in the Prophecy fre£Bed to come at the end cf the faid three fcore and 
two Weeks (c). For the words of the Frophecy are» From me going 
forth of the Commandment to reftore and to build Jerufakm 
unto the Meffiah the Prince Ihall be feven Weeks> and three- 
fcore and two Weeks : that is, there fbaU be feven Weeks for the 
compleatmg and fiMJhing of the work, for which the Commandment, or 
Decree was granted ; and from thence fixty two Weeks more to the 
Coming ^Chrift the Mt^\2h here intended, that is, to the time if his 
frft appearance on the Mnifiry of the Go^l, For his Coming here 
preMied MUST he interpreted either of his Coming at his birthy or cf 
his coming on his Mnijlry. No one faith it of the former^ neither wul 
the term of Tears preMied of it ever meet it there. And ther^ore 
it MUSI he underfioodaf the latter, that is, his coming, andfirjtuf^ 
tearing in his Mnifiry, {vi^c. in the peribn of his fire-runner John the 
Baptift,) And here the TeartfreS&edin the Frofhecy nmUEXACTLT 


(a) Mr. L, makes our bIdTed Saviour to corned Insovmptrfia afcer^9 Weekareckon'd 

from hlsfeventh of Artaxerxes^ But there is no fuch Comins at all here predJ6^ed9 at X 

Ihall' here (hewagainft Dr. Prideanx his Hy^thefis; after 69 Weeks. — But it (be Com<« 
tkig of Che Mejjiah were really oredi^ed here in Mr. L*% ienfe thereof) vix. in his own per- 
ibn on bis Miniftry) and woqla tl^e prophetick Text allow of thefe Weeks their taking tbcir 
beginniiig from the 'jth of utrtaxerxesi yet as I have (hewn, they can never have it 
from his 7/^ 0/ ^Artaxerxes, and therefore I take no farther noace of Mr. !•'« end* 
4D|g; tbeie Oxty-nio^ Weeki, (^} gon. HiA. p. lyi Uiie j^ {c)Dm,ix.2S, 

Of Dr.VRiDEAinCs EniGf^y &c. isj 

Now All this is indeed very promifing. But upon enquiry ijiefe 
things will appear not fo EXACTLY to anfwcr, as 'tis here imagin'd, 
:and indeed affirxn'd that they do. For 

Fsrft, chofe words in the Text (^j Unto Meffiah the Prince have 
nothing either in themfelves, or elfewhere in the leaft warranting 
iiich CTOofition, or reference of them to fuch Coming of the Mel- 
fiah. They have nothing in themfelves importing fuch his Com^ 
ing. Here is not one word of it either expreflly, or even impli- 
citdy. — And they have nothing elfewhere : for the Context fpeaiks 
of no other Coming of the MefGah either in verfc 25, or in the be- 
ginning of verfe 26 than that^ and that only of his Omang to be 

For the Angel having told Daniel only in general in verfe the 
twenty fifth, that jrom tfje going forth of the Commandment y &c, 
^mto MefSah the Prince there ihould be reckon'd two periods of 
Weeksjwz. feven JVeeks^ and threefiore and t'wo Weeks^ therefore by 
way of explaining himfelf in the following verfe he tells him that 
after thofe periods of Weeks (e) the MeffiahyZ'(?«Zc/ he cut offi Thofc 
periods of Weeks in verfe the twenty fifth tmto Meffiah the Prince 
are the very fame number of Weeks c/), after which he was to be 
CUT OFF, as in verfe the twenty Cxch. Therefore the rectoning 
the faid number of Weeks unto Meffiah the Prince mufl alfo termi- 
nate in the fame fenfe: viz,, that there fliould be fb many Weeks 
^mto Meffiah the Prince his being cut off 

So that thus it \& plain that there is no foundation at all for in- 
terpreting thefe words unto Meffiah the Prince in any other fenfe of 
his Condng'i than that ot bis Coming to the Crofs, or to be CUT 
OFF : as verfe the twenty fixth in this particiuaf is no other thaa 
an expiration of verfe the twenty fifth. 

And therefore here is indeed no room for Mr. Deaths Dilemma 
now before us. There is not the leafl ground for interpreting thefe 
words unto Meffiah the Prince (g) either of the Coming ^Chrifl at 
bis birth, or of his Coming on his Mmftry. The former part hereof 
is indeed giv'n up by Mr. Dean: and as to the latter part, how- 
ever it be affirm'd by him that the words mufi be underflood of 
that, and that there the Tears fredi&ed in the Prophecy ^ill exa^ly 

N 4 fnd 

(</) lb. it) For tho* it be faid in verfe the twenty fixth that afttr threefiore andev 

Weeks fiiall the Meffiah be cut-effy whereas it was (aid in verle the twenty 6fch, Unf Mef> 
Tiah the Prince Jhaii be £even Weeks, and threefcore and two Weeks, which together make 
fixty- nine Weeks, yet in £i& thofe thredcoreand two Weeks become alio fixty-nine 
Weeks, as they are neceflarilj reckon'd upon the heels of the foregoing feven Weeks as 
having one ana the lame Beginning with them : As it hath been formerly flxewn. 
//) As it is plain horn the foregoing Note. (^ To what hath been faid formerly kn. 

cur Expofition of thefe wordsUNTO MESSIAH THE PRINCE as having no other mean- 
ing in them as to our blefled Saviour's Coming than that of his Coming to the Cr«ft, or xo 
be CUT OFF as in verfe the twenty fixth. It may be here farther added in favour of Itich 
Expofition, that his SUFFERINGS did eminently prove him the MESSIAH the Frinctt 
us be b here called. For by, or in thole he immediately triumphed over all his Enemies, 
and was therein truly a trium]>hant Prince. So St. Pan^ expreffly tells us [Col. ii. i y.1 
yiti, that o& {he ^a&He fy^UdPrimifaUticSi tmdPovterSi mtd^msdtAjhcn of them openly 


1 84 Of. 2)r. Pride AUxV Ending of 

Hud it, yet upon enquiry it will appear that tbefe words cannot h6 
(o underftood> forafmuch as 

Secondly, the years predided in the Prophecy in truth do not at all 
find fucb interpreted Cor//mg of the Mcjjiah : however Mr. Doom 
hath been pleafed to tcU us that they do, in the following words 
(h) : viz. The jtb Tear rf Artaxerxes Longimanus from 'whence thefi 
Weeks do begin, being co incident with th Year cfi the Julian Perid 
425(J if ive reckon from thence fei-e/i Weeks, ,?r^/ pxtj two Weeks, 
i. c. Jixty-nine Weeks, or 483 Tears, this ^:ll lead us down to the 
Tear of the Julian Period 4739J which was the very Tear in which the 
Mimjtrj of the Gofpcl firfi began. This Chrift executed at firfi, and 
therein modi his appearance as the Mefiiah by his fore-runner John the 
Baptift for the fpace of 3 Tears, and a half, &c. 

Now as to the Mattei of fad here, n^l^. of Chri^s feven years 
Miniftry, and the former part thereof for three years and a half by 
John tke Baptifi, It will not be long e'er that it felf be call'd in 
queftion. We are at prefent immediately concerned with the be- 
ginning thereof, as the fanie is here the aflign'd ending of the 69 
Weeks, or 483 years, and as thefe predidea years> according to 
Mr. 2>M»'s aflertion hereof do exa^h find fuch appearance of the 
Meffiah in his Mniflry in the perfon of ]o\in the Baptift. 

Now if this be fo, if there be reallv fuch Exa&neis and Agree- 
ment in reckoning here as Mr. Dean hath told us there is, it will 
iurdy hence follow (for it muft in order to approve it felf here) that 
the Year of the Juhajt Period in which John the Baptift camefreach* 
tng is truly correfponding with ihQ fifteenth year of the Roman Em- 
perour Ttherius. For it is certain that in that Year (/) of Tiberiusy 
John began his preaching. 

Well — But according to Mr. Dean (as above) John came preach- 
ing in the year of the Julian Period 4739. It will then here furely 
follow that this fame year of the Juuan Period anfwers to xht fif- 
teenth year of the faid Emperour Tiberius, '^ Otherwife this cannot be 
the truly afTign'd year of the Julian Period when John came preach- 
pig. But in truth it doth not fo anfwer. For not the Year 4739. 
but the year 4742 anfwers to the true fifteenth of Tiberius Oe/ar. 
For let any one look into Ptolemfs Canon, as Mr. Dean of Nor- 
•u)i^i& bimfelf hadi adapted the years of thtJuUanPenod{k) to that 
Canon, and he will find the year 4742 and not the year 4739 truly 
jmfwering to the fifteenth of Tiberius according to Ptolemy. Here 


trimupbing foer them in it. — His MINISTRY iodeed fully proved him to be the CHRIST 
the SON OF GOD f John xx. 3 1 .} Bu: fo alfo did hi« DEATH, or CUTTING OFF 5 tt 

it appears particularly in the recorded teftimony ot the Centurion* Mat. xxvii. J4^ His 

MINISTRY proved him to be the ANOINTED* as He was the great Prephet that was f 
eeme into the world, [John vi. 14.] But no le(s did his Death alio prove him to, as He was 
our ANOINTED HiGH PRIES r, our GREAT HIGH PRIEST as He is call'd [Heh, 
iv4 1 /.]- — Finally our Saviour Chriji did in his death, or in his being CUT OFF xnoft 
caiinentiy approve h'miielf the great CAPTAIN of OUR SALVATION, or the lAE^- 
SIAH the PRINCE* as he was made per fed thrmtgh Smgerings, [Heb. ii, 10 J 

(h) P. X91. h 23, &c. (<) tukeiii. i, 3. (k) Vix. in the end of d^ 

fcCQXw Vuiumeof Con. Hifi* 

the Jtxtj'hlne Weeks of this Prophecy. 185 

then is a difierence of about ibme 3 years exceeding the prediSed 
term of 483 years now before us (/). 

Confequenuy our fecond particular is herebv prov'd : viz, that 
the Tears freJi&ed in the Trothecy do not exa^fy jind the faid Com- 
ing rf the Mefliah in the preaching of John the Baftift, Thefe year$ 
are io far from ^x4^/)f finding the true fifteenth of Ttherius according 
to Ptolemvy that they find only the tive/fih of it. Therefore Mr. 
Dean's Hypotheiis is faiUne in this particular. 

But here Mr. Dean willdoubde^ require us to look upwards in 
his Chranobffcal Tible in the &me Column oi Roman Emperours to 
another account of Ttberius his reign, and not that of Ttoiemy. For 
Mr. Dean hath now for the fake of this part of his Hypothefis fled 
to another reckoning of the years of that Roman Emperour's reign> 
living forfaken Vtolemy here becaufe of no longer fervice to him \ 
though he elfewhere (w) hath appealed immediately to him, by way 
of eftablifhing his. Hypothefis in its claim'd agreement with his Ca^ 
non. But the Reckoning now in credit with Mr. Dean is that of 
VeUeius Patercuks, and Suetonius, who account the years of the reign 
of Tiberius not from the death of Aueufbis, hut from the time of his 
being admitted into Copartnerfhif with him in the Empire. This 
Reckoning as it happens to fuit Mr. Dean^s Hypothefis in this part 
of it is therefore declar'd for, as the true reckoning of the fifteenth 
of Tlberiut in which John the Baftifi came preaching,. For (o Mr. 
Dean hath told us (») in the following words> viz, the i^th Tear cf 
the reign of Tiberius in ivhich John the Baptijl began to preachy 
MUS T be reckorii from the timey tvhen he began to reign joint!/ 
tdth Auguflus, and *u)as according /p VeUeius Paterculus^ and Sueto- 
nius admitted by him into Copartnerfljip ivith him in the En^rre^&CC. 

Thus Mr. Dean hath told us concerning this his reckonit^ of the 
(ai^ fifteenth of Ttberiusj that this MUST be it. It mutt indeed 
be K> to ferve Mr. Deaths mm her6. For as he had already aftu- 
ally fixed the end of the 70 IFeeksy or 490 Tears of this Prophecy 
in a current reckoning of the whole, in the death of Chri& in 
the 19th of Tiberius even according to Ftokmfs account of the 
years of that Emperour's reign, it hence became necelTary for Mr. 
Dean to end the (J9 Weeks, or 483 Tears at the diflance of the re- 
maining Weeks, or feven Tears from the death of Chrift in the faid 
i^th ^Tiberius. But reckoning upwards from the nineteenth of 
Tiberius (even yean, the faid reckoning will bring us up to the 


(/) Forafmuch as between the year of theJmSati Period 425-^, (with which w coinci- 
dent the 7th of ^Mx^x^i) andthevear of the faid Period 47^1 there are 486> not 48 3 
years only. (m) As in page I6f . L ii. of Mr. Dean's book of Con. Hift. (») p* 

a92. 1.13, &c. And (bag^unVol. II. p. 665. L 7, &c. (fub AnnoCfmfii la. jlng, 4x4 
T/*. 1.) Tiberim wa« admitted into Copartnerlhip of Command, and Sovereignty with 
AAnguJ^s in all the Provinofi, and Armies of the Reman Empire. And a Decree paded 
both the fenace, and people of Rome to confirm him in ir. And from hence the tifteenth 

year of Tiberius mentioo'din the Gofpel of St. Lmke is to be reckon'd. Again p. 668. 

1 28 (iub aimoi^/'r/V?' 26. 27^. x ;.] This year was the fifteenth year of Tihertus nam the 
time that be was admitted to rejgn in Copartnerlhip with jtngnftus. And this was tb^t 
fftctath year of the rcip of Itbtrim mexuioo'd by St. Lukt £cb. iii. i.j 

i8(S Of ®r. Pride Aux'x Ending of 

X2th of Tiberius according to Ftolemy. But this year of Titenttt 
V^ould by no means lerve Mr. Deanh turn in this part of his Hypo 
thefis ^ becaufe according to St. iMke (o) John the B^iptifi cams 
freachiwg not in the iitb but in the i^th ^Tiberius. And yet 
Ptolem/s fifieenth p/ Tiberius would not lerve Mr. Deaf^$ turn here 
neither, forafmuch as between the fiventh of Artaxerxes Longima- 
Dus Mr. Deaifs afltgn'd beginning of thefe ^i^ib^ andPtderoyV jGe^ 
f ft tenth ^Tiberius there are fb far from being exadly 483 Tearsy 
that there are about fome 486 Tears, What had Mr. Dean now to 
do then, but that which he hath accordingly done» ijiz. to fisrMe 
Ttokmy here* and to fly to another reckomng whidi m%ht Jielp out 
here, as it luppens to do by its 7 years difiance from the death of 

Chrifi? And then as nothing more was wanting but an ardfickl 

adapting of the conceived matter of it thereunto* Mr. Dean hath 
accordingly fo adapted it, viz. by afCgning to John the Baptift far 
ins MnifirYj and our Saviour's Commg» or fi^ abearance therein in the 
Ferfou of John three Xearsy and a half of mefe 7 Tears^ and to our 
Saviour Cbrijl the remaining thret Tearu and a haV And (b the 
wholeyk;^^ Tears are accounted fbr. And now nothing was want- 
ing to compleat all but to make St. Luke's fifteenth of Tiberius not 
id^^ fifteenth ef Ptolemy, but the fifteenth ef Velleius Paterculus^ 
4»M^ouetomus : Which Mr. Dean hath accordingly done; 

From all which particulars I b^ leave therefore 

Ttrfi, To expofnilate a little with Mr. Dean as to his leaving the 
golden rule of time, Ttolemfs Qmon. 

For wherefore fhould we thus notorioufly depart from that? 

Let us flick to Ftokmfs Canon. It is that furely which in adapt- 
ing of Events to their refpedlive periods in the Prophecy before us 
we ought to iland, or fall by* once and always (f). For it equally 
ought to be our guide* and we ought to fland the tefl thereof uni- 
verfally in all, and every part of it. For, as Mr. Dean of NorvHch 
hath moft excellently tdd us (^) of this Canon of time* (and indeed 
be hath Ipoken nothing of it but what in the flrifiefl juflice ought to 
be faid of it J, viz. that it is the furefl guide *which we have in Chro^ 
vobgji and it is alfo verified by its a^eement EVERT WHERE 
vjith the holy Serif tures : And that therefore it is not for the Au^ 
thority of any other HUMAN IVRITING vihatfoever to he re- 
ceded from. 

Here then, according to Mr. D^^w, is our fixed Rule for us to go 
by in our Expofition of^this Prophecy. Wherefore then fhould Mr. 
Dean have departed from it ? — Wherefore fhould he have forfaken 
bis own acknowledged Rule of time* Ttolem/s Canon, the fureft 
guide in Chronology » that 'which (confefledly) t^fttf 'whert agrees vDitb 
the holy Scriptures. There can be no doubt of this* fbr Mr. Dean 
hath himfelf told us fo here* that it is fo agreeing. And if fo* if 


fo) Ch. lit. I, ^, (f)) Otherwile a Rule is no Rule. 'Tis here a Rulci Iwt not 

tliere. A Rule onl^ ad libirum. A Rule when fbr, but noc Vfhiax againft an Hyp<»» 
thefts. (;) p. 286. La6.Con. HifL 

the Jtxty -nine Weeks of this Prophecy. 1 87 

diis Rule be thus every 'where agreeing with the holy Scriptures^ 
Confequently itis fo agreeing here with the Scn^tm^ fifteenth ofTU 
terius. And Confequently alfo the fifteenth of Tiberius in Pulem/s 
CsLt^on is the fifteenth of T^ierius in St. Luke {a), or vice versay thcff" 
teenth of St. Liuke is the fifteenth according to that Reckoning which 

Ptolemj followed after in his Canon : But this notwithftandii^ 

Mr. Dean hath forfaken Ptokvty here, and followed other HUMAN 
WRITINGS : Even thofe of Velkius Faterculus, and Suetomus. 
War the authority iff thefe Writers^ He hath receded ftom the Jurefi 
guide ive have in Chronology. Even in a Scripture point He hath 
receded from this, golden guUe, this furefi guide, which ought 
therefore here efpecially to have been followed becaufe in. a Scrips 
ture pcrint: and for this very realon ot Mr. Dean^ even becaufe 
this gmde is verified by its entire ^ or perfeff agreement vjith Scripture^ 
And therefore according to Mr. Dean himfelf it ought by no 
means (with all due fubmiflion be it ipokenj to have been receded 
ftomy (though for the fake of an Hypothefis) for the authority of 
Velldus Paterculus, and Suetonius^ or indeed any othsr Humam 
Writing whatfifever. 

Ind^ for another reafon Mr. Dean fliould not have dealt thus 
by Ptolemy'y Even becaufe on this very account, and for a like 
tran%re(Qon Mr. Dean had himfelf (b) animadverted upon Peta-' 
vius, and Arch-Bifhop Vjfher: viz. for their giving Artaxerxes 
JjmgimanuSi upon the teftinfX)ny of Thucydides a beginning of vdne 
years earlier to his reign, than that giv'n him by Ptolemy: That 
vjhich looks hardeft (faith (c) Mr. Dean among other particulars be-» 
fore by him obfcrv^d) in this opinion is for the fake of any Hifto^ 
rical Tfriter (even Thucydides himfelf who is their Author here) to lay 
apde the authority of Ptdemy's Canon^ v)hich is built upon Afironom^ 
€al Demanflrations. 

But Petavius» and Arch-Bifliop Vfber did no more as to the reign 
of Artaxerxes Langimanus, upon theit interpreted teftimony of 
Thucyddes (d) than Mr. Dean of Norvjich hath done fince, as to the 
reign of T/fer/w, upon the Authority of Fell.Paterculusznd Suetonius. 
He hath therefore Tplit up6n alike Rock, on which thofe great Men 
had fplit before him^ and for which they have not efcaped his cenfure. 
But they did it to ferve a turn ; And fo did , Mr. Dean likewife : 
even for the bke of his ending the two firft periods of this Prophe- 
cy, or 483 years, at that diftance from the 7th of Artaxerxes, and 
alfo of his thence {e) beginning the remaining week, or 7 years 
thereof, and his therefore aSgning John the Baptift 3 years 
and a half to his Miniftry, and our blelTed Saviour alfo 3 years 


(«) laAt III, I. {b) viz. in p. 283) 284. i2fi 28^. Cm, Hifl. (c)p. 28^. 

1. II. (d) As to which teftimony I nave rormcrly fpoken, when I took notice of 
Mr. Vs appealing thereunto in behalf of his arbitrary firft of jiruxerxes in a like de-* 
parture from fflenrf's Canon. (e) For that which in Mr. Dean's Hypothefis is the 
•ffign'd Ending qf ^e 4.^3 ^ea^^ pf c^U ?ropbecy, ii 91(0 ;be begiiming 01 the renmaing 
jcren yearj. 

188 Of ®r. Pride Aux's Ending of 

and a half fbr his, the whole 7 years reckon'd from Mr. Beoffs 
ffieenth of liieriusj viz. the pfteenth not according to Pt9l?mfs 
GinoD> bat according to Velkms Faterculus» and Suetonius. And 
this, as I b^ leave to ihew 

Secondly » that as it is thus all arbitrary and groundlefs, fb it is al- 
fo even inconliftent with the holy Scripture's Account of thele 

For we do hot any where find therein any thing favouring ei- 
ther a [even Tears Mmfiry of John the B^tifi^ and our blefled Sa- 
y\o\xr, the Years of both their Miniftries confider'd together, as 
making feven Years> or a ieparate Miniftry of three Tears and a 
ha^ to John the Bafti^, and three years and a half after that to our 
blefled Savbur. We no where find caufe to imagin, as Mr. Bean 
here doth, that their Miniftry fhould be altogether feparate, or 
that John the Baptift fhould abfolutely have fimflied his Miniftry 
before our Saviour Chrifi began his. 

That John the Baprift was to begin his Miniftry before our 
tAefled Saviour enter'd upon his, that is truly beyond all difpute. 
It was neceffary for him as he was the predided J^r^-rawwr a/" the 
Meffiah to come before him: as accordingly he did in the \^th year 
1^ Tiberius Cxlar, even in Mr. Beards xtyt&j^fipeenth of thatfim- 
perour's reign, as it will appear by and by : inz^ not in Mr- Bean of 
Norvnch^s Year of the V. M. of Chrifi 26, but in the year of the 
V. iE. of Chrifi 28. Then John the Baptifiy as the fore-runner of 
the MeJJiah did doubtlefs come preaching and preparing the way fc- 
Jbre him. But furely Our blefled Saviour might come preaching 
after him in much le(s time, in a great deal much lefs time« 
than three years and a half. And without queftion fo he did. 
For as his Miniftry was (even in Mr. Beanh opinion of ic) of three 
years and a haifs Continuance, and as he died in the nineteenth of 
Ttberiust and that according to Ftolemfs Canon, even in Mr. Beanos 
opinion, and acknowledgment {f) alfo : And whereas John the 
Baptifi cimt preaching certainly in Mr. Bean\ rejeded i^th oi 7?- 
teriusy (as it will be fully pro/d before we have done with this 
matter) hence of courfe it folbws that our blefled Saviour muft 
neceflarily have come upon his publick Miniftry not long after 
John the Baptifi*s coming upon his. He came after him even in the 
very fame year, the idiTtit fifteenth year of Ttbetiusy as learned Men 
have generally gathered from the account giv'n us in the holy Go- 
fpz\s of this matter. And therefore our learned Arch-Bifliop Ufher 
in particular (to give no other inftances here) hath placed John the 
BaptiJPs coming upon his Miniftry, and our blefled Saviour's en- 
tring upon his in one, and the fame year, according to his Ac^ 


f /) For this is *e main foundation of Mr. Dean*s Hypothefis in beginning thefe 
Wtfks from the feventh ot jirtaxerxis, as he makes the whole 70 fVecksj or 490 Years 
lof this Prophecy to end in he death of Chri/i in the 19th of Tietim acQordtng to Prt» 
iewy's Canon. See /. 16 j. /. i . (of Mr. Dean's book) &c. 

the fixty -nine Weeks of this Traphecf. it^ 

* And that John continued freaching and preparing the ivay cf ths 
tjnrd ftill as he went> (even after that Our Saviour was enter'd up* 
on^ and adii^ in his Miniftry) 'till his beingT^^ up in prifin^ is evi* 
dent from the Gofoel Hiftory thereof: however Mr Dean of JVbr* 
nuich for the fake of his HypotbeGs hath fe^rated their MinUby as 
above- I fay the Scripture Account plainly fets afidc Mr. Deatfs 
feparate account, as we (hall foon find by looking into a few pa(^ 
fages of it. For not to enter into a long diflertation here in order 
to fliew this frona the whole Hiftory, we need only to look to 
John iii. 22> 23, 24: And wc fliall find this fully evident from 
thence. For in lerfe the twenty fecond we read that after thfi 
things (the things there before mentioned) cawe Jellis and his Dijci^ 
pks into the land of Judaea, and there he tarried ivith them» and iap* 

tix^d, That John was now in his Miniftry is evident from the 

foregobg Hiftoiy. That our Saviour was now entered upon his, 
is evident from nence, even that he alfo had now his Difiiples, and 
that he alfo now baptized, as well as did John. He had now afta- 
ally fome of John's Difiiples with him> who had forfook their Matt- 
er John» and followed Chrift upon Johns's teftimony , of him. 
[Johnl 35™37-3 He had alfo with him thofe other Difciples therein 
atter-mentiorfd, and others doubtlefs not mention'd. And evea 
now while Chrift was baptizing (^) in Judaa [iii. 22.} It is certain 
[from verfe 23 J that John *was at that time alio haptizmg in Enoix 
near to Salem. And thus John aded in his IVliniftry after that our 
blefled Saviour was enter'd upon his: for as we learn [from 
verfe 24 J John *was not as -yet caft into frifon. 

Now thefe Minifterial Ads of Chrift were after' his firtt Paflbver 
which was in the month of April in the year of the K M. (h) of 
Chrift 29, and in the fifteenth of Tiberius. But Chrift was enter'd 
into his Miniftry fome time, probably a few months before the 
faid Paflbver : and John alfo a few months before him. 

This firft Paflbver of Chrift^ of which I am now fpeaking is 
that mention'd in John iL 13. It was on -^r/7the 15th of this. 
Year. And that this Year was the Year of the V. JE,. of Chrift 29, 
is evident from thajt difcourfe which the Je^s had with our Lord 
a little before it at Jerufalem as touching the SIGN by them then 
required of him upon his now ading in his minifterial office even 
at Jerufalem, For now towards the FaJJbver Chrift *was come up f9 
Jerufalem \yohn ii. 13.] There having now afted as a Prophet in 
^whipping the buyers, and fellers out of the Temple [ver. 14 — 17.] ths 
Jews faid unto hitny 'whatjign Jhe-axft thou unto us, feeing that thou 
doft thefe things ^ [ver. 18. J Our Saviour knowing them to be fuch 


{£) Though "^ifus himrelf baptized not, but his Difciples. John vt. 2 . (*) By V. M. 
we mean the Vulgar JEn. of 6'Ari/? introduced into uleby Dicnyjius Exi^ttnst in the fjyth 
Yearo* that Ara. [See PrtdtattK fref. to Cod. Hift. Vol. i. p. 2, and alfo Vol. 2. p. 237, 
and 6s^ .] It differs 3 full yearsj and as much as from Decern. 2 f of another ftom the true 
Year of Chrifi^s birth : forafmuch as in the year 4, before ji, D. or the V. A. of ChriJ 
pur Saviour was born, andchac on the 2j-ch of Detcmber in d)« Church's Ac^unj;, 

^ • 

190 Of ©f . PRiDEAUxfx Ending of 

» would not be convinced by a Sipt^ gave them none,*? but refen^d 
than to that great Sign which he intended to give thena by his 
Refurrcdion ftom the dead. He did it in thcfe Words, [ver. 19.] 
^tfroj this TEMPLE, and in three days I will rmfe it tf agtam. 
The Jews underftanding Chrift as if he had fpoken of that auguft 
pile of their Ihn^k which Ueroi had built> they £ud to him [ver. 20.] 
Ttns Temple hath been bnikhsg now theje ^ jears, and wilt than rear 
ft If in three days ? 

Now hence it appears that this firft Pallbver of Chrift was in the 
2^th year of the V. jE. of Chrifi, forafmuch as that about the PaflcH 
ver of this Year was the beginning of the 47th year fix)m the fpring 
time of the iSdh year w reckoning before the Fu^ar Mr a of 
Cbfifiy when Herod b^;an his building of the '^Y^ beit^ the outer* 
part of the Temple. (/^. 

That this Paubver as it was thus in the twentv ninth year of 
the V, JE. of Chrift^ fo it was alfo in ^tfifieentb year of Ttberi* 
ns (the year when John came aMb preaching) is evident, foraA 
much as that the (aid fifteenth year of Ttherius began in Auguft the 
nineteenth preceding the twenty\ fifth day of December when began 
the 29th year of the faid K M. of Chrifi. To xYas fifteenth of 7?- 
berius from the 19th oi'j^uptft 'till December the twenty fifth correA 
ponds the year of the V. M. of Chrift 28 : thenceforward 'till the 
mneteenth of Auguft following the Year of the V. JE, of Chrift 29. 
But this Paflbver being in Aprnvr^is included as in the twenty ninth year 
of the V, JE. of Cbrtft, fo alfo in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius, 
as being the very next A^il following in courfe after the faid 19th of 

But now as we have feen, Chrift was plainly come upon his Mi-^ 
niftrv even at Jerufakm. 

He had been aUb in a private Exercife of his Minifhy for fome 
little time before. For he came thither from Capernaum, where he 
had wrought Miracles, and thereby much £fpkaid bis Brethren at 
HazMteth \Ijukev^. 23.]* And before that he had been mGalikey 
where he was to begin his preaching [Ifaiah ix. i.] There at 
Oinahe began to work Mracks. [Jo%n il 11.] And into GaBke 
he came prefendy after his leaving John the Baftift, when looking 
upon Jejusy he had giv'n that teftimony concerning him, BehoQ 
the laomb (f God; [John i. 35.] even the next day after that, [v. 43.] 
taking JoMs Difciples with him [y, 37.] and now leaving John 
to his bufinefi, which was to prepare the people for Chrift. [y. 31.] 

And thus we have traced up dbrj^s Miniftry, as he came there- 
unto, as ic were upon the beds or John the Baftift, 

So that the Exadnels of this matter as near as can be guefled 
may Hand thus : *viz, that as Our Saviour Chrift came upon his Mi* 
nimry in the fifteenth year of the reign of the Roman Emperour 7?- 
berius fome time before the Paflbver of the year of the V. JE. of 

^ ' "■" " Chrift 

(0 7*y5P*« Antlq. -SSiMfi ■"' 

the fixty-vAne Weeh of this Prophecy. 1 91 

Chrt^ 2Qi (b John the B^^tift came fome time before him in the 
fimtfifteejuh of Ttierius. Our blefled Saviour came confequendy 
either not long after the year of the Fu^ar Mr a of Chrift 29 
was begun, or very little before the Year ot the V. M, of 
Chrifl 28 was expir'd^ but ftill in the fifteenth year of Ttherm : for- 
afmuch as the Year of the V. iE. of Chrifl 28 anfwers partly to the 
fipeenth year of Tiberius, viz. 'till December the twenty fifth d[ that 
year, ana partly to the year of the V. iE- of Chrifl 29, as the faid 
fifteenth at Tiberius thenceforward runs in with the faid 29th of 
Chrifl 'till the 19th of Augufl following, when b^an iht ftxteetab 
of Tiberius : As we have before obferv'd. ,John the B^ifl as he 
came on his Miniftry, as the fore-ranner of the Meffiah, and con- 
• fequently before him. He came in the end of the V. M. of Chrift 
twenty eighty and in the beginning of Ttberius hisfifieenth^ and con- 
fequendy not 'till after the nineteenth of Augufl (of the faid twenty 
ei^th year of Chrifl) as that began the bSAffteenth of Ti'erius, bur 
flill before the twenty fifth of December (following the faid nintteentb 
of Augufl) forafmuch as the faid twenty fifth of December (k) b&- 
gan the Year of the V. JE. of Chrift twenty nine. 

To return therefore to the point immediately in hand. So far i^ 
Mr. Dean^sr Hypothefis in this part of itj viz, of a feparate Mi-> 
niftry of John the Baftifl from that of our Saviour, and that of 
Johks being three years and a half before our Saviour entered upow 
his of three years and a half nK)re, fb far I fay is this 7 Years Hy* 
pothefis from being .reconcileable with Scripture* 

In vain therefore hath Mr. Dean argued on this occafion, as we 
find him here to have argued {t) ; viz. that if St. Luke^s fifteenth of 
Tiberius were to be reckon'd ^fifteenth from the death of Au-^ 
mflus his PredecelTor, then it would follow, (Firfl) that in thi» 
CS& (whereas Qirift died in the 19th of the faid reckoning) there 
noould have been but a years far the Mimflry ef John the Baptijf, 
and the fer final Mniftry ofJeCus Chrift fut both together : And that 
therefore this time woutd have been too narrow a [face for the adiings 
which are recorded of them in the Gojfels. Ana (%i\y) becaufe that 
in fo Jhart a time as mufl be allowed to the Mimftry of John in this 
eaje^ It is not likely that he could have acquired that great fame, as 
afpears not only from Gofpelsy but alfi from the writings of Jofephus 
the Hiflorian, that he had obtMd not only in Jiid^^Zy' and Galilee^ 
tut atfo through all the circumjacent regjions before his death. 

But the former of thefe Reafons ceafeth of courfe. As it wa« 
juft now (hewn fipm Scripture, that both John the Baftifly and our 
Uefled Saviour zSted in their rclpedtive Miniftries at one, and the 
iame time, (fo long I mean as that of John the Baptifl lafted in 
his time.) Tho' John came firft in the year of the V. M. of 
Chrift twenty eighty and in the fifteenth of Tiberius, yet Our blet 

(k) Forafmuch as rbe Church acconnti tbit da; tha birch day cf our LoriU 

igi Of 7)r. Prideaux's Ending $f^^ 

fed Saviour was not long after; uoc many months after^ fif nb£ 
in the lame Pujeitty eighth year of the V. M. of Chrifi, as before 
noted, yet) in the feme ffteenth of Tiberius, and early in the year 
of the V. i£. of Chrift twentj^ nine: forafinuch as the former 
part of the Year of the V. i£. of Chrift tv)ensy nine anfwen to 
the latter part of the fifteenth ef Tiberius, as it hath been here 
alfo noted. For as we have feen, Chrifi was doubtlefi on his 
Miniftry before the Paffover of this Year. But as Chrifi came 
thus foon after Joha^ here is room enough, with Mr. t>ean^$ 
leave, for both their Minillries, I do not wy for a feparate Mi- 
niftry of three Years and a halff&r John, for that is groundlefi^ 
and merely ex Hypothefi, but for both their Miniftries, as we 
have now accounted for them^ Even Mr. Dean^s 

ad reafon urg'd in favour of his fifteenth of Ttberius» and againft 
the rqe&ed fifteenth notwithftanding : viz. that in fejbart a time as 
mufi he allowed to the Mmfiry of John in this cafe {viz.. in cafe that 
he came mxht fifteenth of Ttberius^ in Mr. D^^'s rejeded account 
thereof, and our Saviour came preaching fo foon after him in the 
end of the biA fifteenth of Ttberius). that then it is not bkely that he 
{yohn) could have acquired that great fame, as a^ars not only by 
GoJpeUy but alfo from the vmtings of Jofephus the Hifiorian that be 
had ohtahidi &:c, as above. 

For furely this is all nothing clfe but reafomng for an Hypothec 
fis, even for fuch a one as is not conGftent wim Scripture, as it 
hath been now (hewn. Such reaibnipg therefore is vain. 

It is in it felf alfo inconclufive of tteit, which it is brought to 

[)rove and eftablifli. For as John the Ba^ifi came freaching moft 
ikely, as it hath been fhewn in the latter .end of the year of the 
V. iE. of Chrift 28, and in the beginning of the fifteenth year of 
Tiberius y in Mr. Deanh rejedlcd account thereof, fo as John conti- 
nued preaching 'till the time of Herod's (hutting him up in prifon, 
which we fuppofe was not 'till the Year of the V. M. of Chrifi 30, 
and the fixteenth year of the reign of Tiberius, (vizn not 'all after the 
twenty fifth of December of the Giid fixteenth of Tiberius, and con- 
fequently not 'till the Year c£ the V . >E. of Chrifi 30) fo here be- 
ing thus about [m) eighteen months allowed for his whole Miniftry, 
He might duping this time verjr well have acquired that rxtraordi^ 
fiary fame which before his itnprifonment he had moft defervedly 
acquired not only in Judaea, and Galilee, but alfi through all the drcum- 
jacent Regions, 


(jw) It was at the Paflbv«* jime» or foon after, that Chrifl^atme to hear of this, 
rwhereforc, when Chrifi left Jerufalem (after the Paflbver there of this Year, J*hn y. i.) 
He went from thence into G^Uled Mat, iy. i2. and there firft to his Brethren ac JtroKa- 
retb. Lake tv, i6.] Therefore allowing J^hn a months of this year, as the Paflbver ,wai 
in ,^prii, [and on the 7th day thereof this yearj and the whole foregoing vear, and 5 
months only of the V. JE, of Chrift 28, vix* the laft 3 months thereot (for in the 
^Mgitft preceding began the ijtk of 7)>0 her^ are t^jfi 18 Moa(hs by us mnwtd iof 
y«*» the BapdFs Miniftry. - * -- - 

the Jtxty -nine Weeks of this Prophecy. 193 

It is furely poflible chat fo emineat a Preacher as was John 
the Bafttfi *who came m the Spirit, and power of Elias {LMke I 17.) 
znigbc have acquired a great &me« and without all doubt he did 
upon his firft appearance^ in as many months preachings as Mr. 
Dean hath afEgn*d him years, wherever he went in that time, even 
before Our Saviour's entring upon his Miniftry. So great a Pro- 
phet as was John even upon one months preaching as he went 
up and down in a country, his Preaching would certainly make a 
great rumour in it> and raile a very high charadef, and efteem 
of his perfon in that Country. His tame would quickly reach 
remote and diffant parts, and put all people prefendy upon the 
curioGty of hearing, at leaft upon making enquiry concerning 
him, and his DoSrine. And thus it was now with the Jews upon 
John the BaptiJU's coming, and preaching the baptifm of Repentance 
for the remijjion of Sins, and that they fjould believe on him who wat 
now to come after him, even the Mejjiah. They of Jerufalem no 
fooner heard thereof, but by what they heard they were prefendy 
convinced that he was an extraordinary perfon. And fo was al- 
fo the matter of his Preaching. For he proclaimed the Nejjiah 
whom they expeded, as being juft now upon his coming. Hence 
both the peopki and even the Rulers alfo as they were exceeding- 
ly affected with this news; fo no lels with the Meflenger of it. 
Therefore no fooner had John begun his preaching in the wilder* 
nefs ^Judaea (Luke iii. i.) and the fame thereof reach'd Jerufalem^ 
but as the people prefently flockt thither to him, and were baptized 
him in Jordan confeffing their fins (Matt. iii. 5, (J.) So the Vrieh 
and Levites alfo fent from Jerufalem to John to know of him who 
he was, and by what authority he aded in his Prophetical ofEce. 
(John i 19 — 25.) 

Hence it is plain that John had now acquired a very great famei 
and was held as a very wonderful perfon even by the Priefisy and 
Levites, but efpecially by the people j iror among them -^11 men mu-^ 
fed whether John himfelf were the Chrift, <fr not. (Luke iii. 15.) 
This therefore put him upon declaring to them (v. 16.) and alfo up- 
on returning a meffage to the Friers and Levites by the Pharijees 
whom they had fent unto him on that enquiry (John 1^19, 24. j that 
indeed He was not the Chrift (v. 20.) but that he was lent before 
him as hlsimmtihlt fore-runner, (v. 23, 27.) 

The next day after that John • had giv'n this anfwer to the Prieflt 
and Levites, Jfefus then walking bv him, John faw the holy-Ghofi 
depencGng npon him. Thereupon Jvbn declared again that this was 
He, even that this was the fon if God: and that he knew him by 
this Jigny as he was told that he fhould, by him that fent him. 
(v. 29—34.) 

Now can we imagin that T^e thin^ were not tranfadcd pro« 
fcntly after John'^ coming upon his Miniftry ? 

O Is 

Ip4 Cf^r. PRiDfeAUxV Ending of 

h it not natural to believe, and mo^ likely to be according to the 
very truth, that the rumour of fo fihgular a perfon as was yohn 
the Baptifi upon many accounts (as he is delcrib'd to be in the 
Gofpels, as to his habit of drefs, his auftcre way of life, cfpecially 
his newDodrine. Mat. iii. t> 4. Mark ii. i, 8.) no (boner reached 
yerufalenh but that they ihould be all immediately fet on fire with an 
eager defire of being fully (atisfieJ both of the perfon^ and his 
Do&ine? And that therefore the multitude fhould run away pre- 
fcntly after him into the Wildemefs, without any delay, after that 
this news had fpread it (elf among them ? — ^The populace are natu- 
rally aflfefted with noveltv : and upon fuch furprizing occa(ions they 
go without bidding, and without delay. 

However, After all, Is it in the leaft likely that John the Baptift 
ihould be three years, and a half preaching, before he could acquire 
fuch a fame as was fufficient to create fuch reforc to him? even be- 
fore they of Jerufakm, the peofk went after him, and the Priejts and 
Levites (ent their nieflage of enquiry to him ? — Is it at all likely that 
they who were at this time big with expedation of a MeJ/iah, when 
now a per(bn even in their opinion, and in His own great worth and 
excellencies (b nearly re(embling him, made his publick appearance^ 
coming to them as a Prophet fent from God, could be long at any 
cafe within themfelves, till they had put the queftion to him, as did 
the people in their own peribns, and as did the Priejis and Levites by 
the Pharifees^ whom they fent on that errand to know, if he were 
the Meffiahj or not 7-^ — Surely they could not poflibly have waited 
Mr. Dean of Norwich's afllgn'd time for Johns getting fame, and 
credit enough, among them for to have fuch enquiry made of him. 
They could never have ftaid thus long. As they were big, (b as 
one nuy not improperly fay here, they would have burft with ex- 
jpedation, e'er that time came about.- — No. — Tis furely beyond aU 
reafon to imagin any fuch thing. 

Add to all this, that it is moft unlikely that the MeJJtah himfelf 
ihould be (b long in coming after his fore-runner, as is this Mr. Dean*s 
affign'd terra for John the Baptifi^s Miniftry. John came as the 
immediate Herald of this great King, the King MeJJiah. But He- 
lalds iii this fervice g^ve notice of the approaching appearance of their 
Sovereign. So did John the Baptifi proclaim his great Mafter now 
at hand. 

Farther, As John the Baptifi was to prepare, or make ready the 
way before Chrift, this evidently (hews that the Mejfiah was now 
forthwith upoh his coming. And 

Finally, the very nature of fuch Preparation implies as much. 
The Jews were now to be prepared by John the Baptifi for the com» 
ang of the MeflSah. But if they were to have waited Mr. Deaiis 
aflign d term of three Tears and a ha^f for the MejJiaFs coming to 
his publick Miniftry, after that John had thus declar'd him upon his 
preaching in the wildernefi, then probably at fome diftance of time, 
fome of them where he hadfirft preachecU might have ftoodinnecd 
' ~ ' of 

thej^y-nme Weeks of this Ttoj^hec/. 19I 

of another fbreninner of the Meffiab, another John the Baptifl to 
have frepar^d his ni)ay : etped^Hj coofidcring the rcfraaorinefi, heed* 
leOhcCs, and inconftancy of chat obdurate people. 

So that if Reafoning only were to carry the point in haod^ k ieetri^ 
ftrongly to declare nbt for Mr. Deaths feprrate Miniftry of three 
Tears and a half by him affign'd to John the Baptift before our Sft* 
viour*s entring upon his Miniftry, but contrariwife for our Lofxfs 
coming quickly after that John the B^tifi had enter'd upon his Mh 
niftry in the^eenth of Tiberius, and in the Year of the V. JE* of 
Chrijl thereunto correiponding not the twenty fixthj but the t*wentf 
eighth in the latter end of that year^ or \h other words, in thej^ 
feenth ^fTiberius, as reckoned not from his being admttedinto C^^arU 
nerjhif <mth Auguftus, but firom the death of the laid Emperour : 
in which latter way Ftolemy reckoned according to his ufual way of 
Reckoning in his Canon. 

And Confefledly {a) in Mr. Deof^s own Hypothcfis Pfotem/s nwi'^ 
teenth of Tiberius is the true Scripture nineteenth of the reign of tha€ 
Emperour \ as our blelled Saviour was put to death in the nineteenth 
^Tiberius, according to that Canon: therefore Ptolemy VjJjf5rtf«Wi& 
w the reign of that Emperour is furely the Scripture j5/i?<?«sj^^ alfoof 
the faid Emperour. It is fo even in Mr. I>m»'s own teftimony as 
he was conlirain'd to return to Ptolemy V nineteenth of that Empe^ 
routes reign? however oblig'd to leave him a while as to bis ff* 

Alfo fuch returning to Ttolemy in Ws nineteenth Tbar ef Tiberius is 
a tacit acknowledgment at leatt of St. LukeV fifteenth rf Tiberius 
being indeed the fifieenth not in the reckoning followed after by 
VeBeius T at er cuius, and Suetonius, but of its being rht fifteenth really 
in that account which was afterward followed by Ftokmy in his 
Canon, For Mr. Dean acknowledging PtolemyV nineteenth of Ti- 
berius to be the true nineteenth of Tiberius, and as fuch the true 
Scripture year of ChrifFs death fA), by confcquence muft allow Pto- 

O 2 lemy>^ 

(4) For Mr. De/in reckons the 490 years of this Prophecy from the ytor ot thtf 
jT. Period 4l^5> as that year actvrding to Ptolemy '« Canon was the fth year «/ Ar^* 
taxerxes Loi^imanus. [Con. (lift. p. 26 f.] And tbefe years thence reckon'd end in the 
nineteenth ot Tiherisis according to Preiemy's Canon. But in the othsr reckoning fol« 
Jcw*d by Mr. Dean in hi& fifteenth of Tiberim^ they do not end 'till the twenty fecoKd tf 
Ttberiiu. Aad therefore indeed had Mr. Dean been conaftent with himfeltj and with 
bis reckoning ot ihe fifteenth of Ttberiusy he (hould have placed the death of Chriji in 
the twenty fecond of Tiberitts by the fame Reckoning. But this year of Ttberi^ 
m would not ferve Mr. Dean*s turn here. And therefore he comes' back again to 
Ptolem/s Canon for his ending of the ievcnty Weeks in his 19th tiiereof, here toUow- 
Ing one Reckoning) and in the ending of bis fixty-nine Weeks following another« Pof 
which Liberty indeed not to be allowed in any Hypothcfis of thefe Weeks there it not 
the lead Occafion after all v forafrtiucli as the predi Aed Events of it> efpecially in this 
grand Period of the fixty-ntne Weeks now before us had their aa^ accompltflunent in 
All! agreement with Ptolemy's Canon, as we fhall fee particularly in the following Chapter* 
(b) As it furely is according to the tetlimoQy ot Phlegon Ttallianns, who hathi^markedac 
the lafl year of the two hundred and lecoi>d Olympiad, as follows, Thtre tfias th'nyear the 
greatefi Ediffe of the Snn that ever was known^ It was night at the Jixth ktnr tf the 
dttji fo that tfft Stars of Heaven wtrtfeatt dcc«-'--Thi$ could b« do other Uuin the mira- 

196 Of 2)r. Prideaux'^ Ending of 

\tmf$iiftfenth to be the true fifteenth, even St. Luke's fifteenth there^ 
of in that account which he followed* which coidd be therefore no o- 
ther than the fifteenth year of Ttberius as reckxm'd from the death of 
his PredeceflTor Auguftus: And that the hdy ^.wmgfiy&'s fifteenth of 
Tiberius is the fifteenth of that Emperour's reign in the faid Ac- 
count* a;«. as the years thereof are reckon'd from the death of 
Auguftusj we are yet farther confirm'd from Jofephu^ and Eufehius 
their reckoning of the years of the reign of the Emperour Ttherius, 
not from the time of his Copartnerfliip in the Government with 
^ugufius^ but from the time of him&lf being Emperour. 

For proof hereof. Let it be confider'd that the twelfth of Tibe- 
rius according to thefe Authors is evidently the twelfth from his be- 
ing adually Emperour. For 

Firft» As to Jofephus (c)» It is evident from him that Valerius Gra-- 
tus the "Roman Govemour of Judaa was recalled from his faid Go- 
vernment in the t^pelfth year of the reign of Ttherius, — Now he had 
been put in by Ttberius in the beginning of his reign, viz, (in Dr. 
Trideaux*s {d) own Calculation hereof,) in the beginning of the fif- 
teenth year of the V. iE. of Chrift. And He was rccall'd accoid* 
ing to the fame account (e) in the twenty fixth year of the V. iE. of 
Chrifij viz, in the twelfth of Tiberius; after that he had now held 
the Government eleven Years : In the end whereof according to 
yofcfhus if) hQ mzdeCaiaf has Hi^-PikB:, — Thus much from^^- 
fiws. Now 

SeconJfyy As to EufelnuSi we have bis teftimony that Pontius Tilate 
was made Procurator of Judaa in the twelfth year of the re^n of 
Ttberius, He tells us fo twice in his Eccleliaftical HiftoryCg-j. 

Now to return to Jofephus, as to Pilate's continuing in his Procu- ' 
xatorfliip. It was for the fpace of ten years. He tells us (h) that 
TUate continued in the Government ten years, and was recalled in 
the lafl: year oi Tiberius. 

Hence it is evident, that as by the teftimony of thefe Authors 
both CaiaphaSi and Pontius Pilate came into their refpe<3:ive Offices 
in the twelfth of Tiberius, fo the faid Authors reckon'd their firfi 
Tear of Tiberius his reign, not as doth Mr. Bean of Norwich in this 
part of hisHypothefis from the time of his admiflion into a Qjpart- 
nerfhip in the Government with Au^ufiusy but from the time of his 
being himfelf Emperour upon the death of Angufius, For their 
twe^th of Tiberius can be only the twelfth year of his re^ from the 
latter reckoning. Alfo 

culous Darknejii which was over all the Land, i, e, not only over all 'Jidda, bot ovtt all 
the Roman Empire^ or ac leaft all the Eafiern pare of id duricg our bieiled Saviour's Cru- 
cifixion in the nineteenth of Tiberius^ 9S cbe year of the above-named Olympiad ended 
i n the laid nineteenth [not in the twenty fecond] of thai Emperour : as Philoponus de Great. 
ia. 21. hathfliewn : and (bme months after ^priV 3. of A. D. 33. (c) Lib, 

Ant. xviii. c< 3. (d) Con. Hift. Vol. II. Chron. Table ; as the years after 

Cifrifi in the fecond Column truly anlwer to the right hand figures in the Column of 
JRa»Mn £mperour$ of Tiherim alone, which jofephus ioWo'^tdy and not the left hand ac- 
count in the faid Column of the years of tlberins his reigning with ^agnjiust which 
JofefhKs medi«d not with. ^ (e) lb. fub anno Chrijiis.^, (f) In lo»t jam ck* 

id) ^* 9' W Lib. Aaiiq. xviii. /. ending. 

the J^tf -nine Weeks of this Trophecy. 197 

Alfo 7Hferws h\$ recalling Pontius Pi/ate according to Jofephus (i) 
after that he had held the Government /en years, as the faid rc- 
calUng was in the laft year of that Emperour, which was his tivenfy 
third plainly proves the fame. 

Therefore fince Jofephus reckon'd thus, and Etrfebius recfconM thus. 
Is it not moft likely, we leave it to the Reader if it be not aJmoft 
next to a certainty that St. Luke had before them reckon'd thus alfo ? 
Even that he reckon'd his fifteenth of Tiberius not as ah:erwards did 
Velleius Pater cuius y and Suet^ims from the tkne of that EmperouPs 
bemg admitted into a Copartnerfhip of Government with Auguftus, 
but as did Jofefhus^ and after him Eufebius from the time of that 
Emperour's himiclf commencing Emperour. 

So that thefe, and the foregoing particulars being duly confi- 
der'd, we finally leave it to the judicious Reader if Dr. Pr:deaux*s 
ending of the dp PFeeksj or 483 years of this Prophecy in the Coming 
of Chrift in the perfbn of John t/^e Baptift in Mr. Dean's fif- 
teenth of Tiberius according to the reckoning ot Velleius Paterculus, 
and Suetonius, can poffibly even in this view of fuch Ending te a 
truk ^flign'd Ending of the faid 69 Weeks. 

It hath been formerly (hewn {k} that luch Handing is in it felfmoft 
unlikely to be -the Ending intended in the Prophecy in the true fenfc 
and meaning of thofe words of it (/), u7:to MeffiahrAe Prince, It is 
alio inconfiilent with the letter of Scripture, with the exprefs Cha-^ 
raiier laid down in the Prophecy (w), vix. the cutting off the Mef- 
fiah at the end of the 6^ Weeks , or 483 Tears -^ as this is the very 
remarkable ending of them as it is immediately aflign'd in the Pro- 
phecy. And therefore by our fecord Rule laid down for us to go 
by in the expofition of this Prophecy, it is impoflible that this Hy- 
pothefis ihould b-ear on that account. 

It hath alfo been now ihewn that it is impoflible it fliould, by 
region of it's utter repugnancy, and irreconcileablencfs with the un- 
queftionable meafure of time Ptolcmfs Canon. Even fuppofing 
with Mr. Dean of Norwich that thefe Years were to take riieir be- 
ginning from the fiventh of Artaxerxes Longlmanus (which however 
cannot be fuppos'd with any colour of truth, forafmuch as the Com- 
mandment mention'd in this Prophecy could not poflibly be that 
v/hich ivent forth in the feventh of Artaxerxes, as we have formerly 
Ihewn) yet even this fuppos'd? even in this View of the laid 69 
Weeks^ or 483 Tears, they cann'dt have their Ending m Mr. Dcari's 
fifteenth xf Tiberius for the reafons now given. And therefore by 
our third Rule Mr. Bear^^ Hypothefis is incapable of ftanding its 
ground, as being in no wife according with, or approving it felf as 
"it ou^c to do in all its parts by Ptolcmfs Canon {n), 

O 3 And 

(1) lb. (t) See above.' ) (/) Dan. ix. if. (w]| Ver.i^. Afcerthree- 

iroTQ and two U^eeis (i. i. After" 69 fVetksy as rhcfe 62 running inttpon the foregoing' 
feven ^itks make together 69) ftiall Mejfiah be out o£ (w) 'Tis doubciefs wish 

i)r. FrididUK one among other Objections which he may have sgsuntl Mr. L't Hypotbe- 

iss Of the late Bijbop Lloy dV Ending of 

And chu9 Dr. Fridt4mx*s affign'd Endiiig of thefe &cty-mne 

Weeks appearing ss grouodlefi as is his berimupg <^ tbcm, neither 
ibe one nor the other being founded in raripturey nor the whole 
film of 483 years between the two terms approving itfdf by the 
Qmmologer^s fure and infidlibie guide Pfobm/sGmon3 we may now 
proceed to (hew on the odier hand in favour of the late BiChop 
Lkyd*s Hypodie(is» in this part of it> viz. in his ending of the 69 
ifeeh^ or 483 Tears of this Prophecy that it hath both thefe fare 
Qualifications recommending it> viz. It hath a perted Harmony^ or 
Agreement both with Scripture* and aUb with Pfobm/s Canonj as 
we fliall fyHly evidence in the following Chaffer. 

CHAP. m. 

Giving an Account of the late Bijbo^ Lloyd his 
Ending of the 7 Weeks, and 6z Weeks, ^r 483 
Tears the fecond Teriod of this Trophecf of 
DaniclV i/XX Weeks, 

WE are now come to confider the late learned Bi(hop Lhyfs 
Ending of thefe (J9 Weeks, or 483 Tears. And that ]s the 
ikath of the Meffiah, or his being cut off after the expira- 
tfon of the iaid predifted term, even at the very next Paflbver fol- 
lowing upon the expiration of the (ixty tvjo Weeks [a) as being reckotfd 
in a current reckoning upon the foregoingy?w» (i), and making to* 
gether 6^Weeks» or 483 Tears, 

And the perfeft Agreement hereof we are to (hewj 

IPirfti With the bdy Scripture, 

Secondly, With Ttolem/s Caxion, 

Firfty This is evident from Scripture. For it is the very expreS 
Charader in the ProjAiecy of this the fecond period of thefe W^^i^;- 
namely) that ^er threefcore and tavo Weeks /Af MefGahT^W^/ h CUT 
OFF (c), vi%. offier 62 Weeks, as jhey were current in reckoning 
upon thp foregoing yiv^* Weeks {d) : or in other words, after 7 Weeks 
and 62 tVeekf, or 483 Tears, For 

That the 62 Weeks are to be reckon'd in a current or continued 
reckoning iq)on the foregoing 7 Weeks it hath been already fhewn. 
Nor is this a difputed point. They have one and the fame Beginr 
^ijg alRgned them in the Prophecy, viz, the going firth of the Comt 


&, tbtt he hath left Ptolmfs Canon in bis 7th of jtrtaKtrxes. 'Tic.hic charge llk^ 
wife agannft Petavim, and Archbiftiop Vfhtr as to their aotfa of ^Artapterxei, as aboFQ 
noted. — The like Charge therefore inu|l he againft him alib> as to his lifiaving him, a< 
here aotcd, {a) Dan. ix, %6, (*) yer. s^j, Ic) ver. ^^. (d) vcr. ^iS^ 

tki? Jf^ty-nine Weeks of tkis Trophecy. ifl» 

rnaniment to rebuilJ]emkktn; For herein is the Text expreis (p^fn* 
ix. 25) that from thence, even from fhe going forth of the Com^ 
mandment to rebuild Jerufalem, unto Meffiah theFrtnceJball befeven 
JRekt andpxty two Weeks, And this Comman4ment^ as it hath been 
formerly fliewn, was that which went forth from Artaxerxes Longi" 
mams King of Ferjia in the twentieth year of his reign. Therefore 
from the going forth of that Commandment UNTO MESSIAH the 
Friwe there were by this Prophecy to be reckon'd juft fo many 
ifeeks of Tears and no more, that is 48} Years, and not one other 
whole year farther. What ?- — Unto the birth of the MeJ/iah ? — No 
reckoning will ever find ic there.— Or unto his Coming to his Mini- 
ftry, either in his own perfon, or according to Mr. De^m of Nor-* 
wichs in the perfon of John the Baptift ?-*-^Nor will any reckoning 
of the {aid term as we have feen, fuit here in either of fuch the 
Coming of the Meffiah. And no wonder that it doth not As no 
fuch coming of the MeJJiah^ as we have alfo feen, can be the true 
feiJc of thefe worc^s unto Meffiah the Frince any more than any 
reckoning in fuch fenfe of them can be a true Reckoning. 

What other Coming of ihc MeJJiahy&xh^x^ tljen befides thefe which 
is moft likely to be that intended in thefe v/ords ?- — ^What but that 
which as I have alfo obferv'd was truly, and properly his great and 
important Coming both to Jews ana Gentiles his Coming to his 
SUFFERINGS {e) ? — The Prophecy it felf, 9s we have formerly 
fliewn, points out thi^ very explanation of jthe words in the very 
next verfe (/), in thofe words, After threefcore and two weeks JJjaU 
Meffiah be cut off. iihvisfrom the going firth of the Commandment^ 
i&c unto Meffiah the Prince his coming to tne Crofe, or his being 
CUT OFF there were to \:e fcven weeks and threefcore and two 
weeks. This \s the very letter of the Prophecy v^'hich here expreffly 
pinneth us down to the word AFTER, and therein doubtlels to a 
time immediately, or very foon after following upon the expiration of 
thekfeven weeksp oTkl three/core and two weeks, a time which flaould 
then certainly be come for the death of Chrift, at leaft before ano- 
ther fiiil year fliould come about after the expiration of the biAJixty 
nine weeks, ox four hundred and eighty three Tears, Ouf Saviour there- 
fore could not furvive a whole J^^sr after the faid precifely here pre- 
diSed term was run out. For ptherwife he had not then been tut off 
according to this Prophecy after 483, but after 484 years He had not 
been cut oW after feven weeksy ^nd threefcore and t^o w^ks, but after 
fevin weeks, and threefcore and two weeks, and one year ^(o ^f another 
week: which had been inconfiftent wi:h, at Icaftnot precifely agree 
ing with the exprefs CharaBer of this part of the Prophecy now be- 
fore us, 'Viz (g), that AFTER Jeven weeks and threefcore and two 
^eks the Meffiah Jljould be CUT OFF. 

O 4 We 

fO Hi# Sufferings cfpecially had been from time to time forefliewn botb by Types, and 
Profftiecies. To thefe chiefly he was to come. By thefe be moft eminently proved 
Jiimfelf the Mefpah, even by his SttflFo&ngs, See in the boitom of p, 1^ q, Note UU * 
i/J I)an.ix. 26. (^) lU ^' 

aoo Of the late Bifiop Lloyd'j Ending of 

We fee then how in this Prophecy we are evidently pinned Jowa 
to the death of Chrift* as the ea^eji ChataBer of this the fecond 
period of this Prophecy. This was the grani Event to be immedi- 
ately accompliOieci when thcfrbe/s cf time was come for the cuttmg 
i^rftbeMefBsix, as it was at the Pallbver which immediately follow- 
td upon the expiration of the here predided (ixty-nine weeks; fuch 
exiSt Accomplifliment then abundandy verifying fuch predie pre- 
didion ; as we (hall fully make to appear anon. 

But before we proceed to that, Mr. Deait of Norwich hath made 
it necefl&ry for us to dwell a litde upon this moft folemn, and figni- 
ficant word here in the Prophecy the word AFTER. As he b^th 
been pleas'd to give us a very fingular expofition of it in favour of 
his HypotheGs ; by telling us expreflly, as he doth (h)» that the luorJ 
ufFTER in this pta^e canrtot bs under flood to nieanftriMy the time sm- 
pte£ately after -y hut in a large and indefifzite fenjk to denote the WHOIjB 
NEXTTyEEK which after followed : viz. which followed upon the 
expiration of the /even weeks, and threefcore and two weeks. And in 
this partial Expofition of the word AFTER in favour of his Hy*- 
pothefis, Mr. Dean makes our Saviour to be CUT OFF not ac- 
^rding to the exprefs Letter of the Prophecy here after the faid 
Jfeven weeks, and threefcore and two weeksy but after 70 weeks to the 
utter exclufion of the grand Event, or exprefs Charadler of the 7oth> 
or the finde week from the faid week, viz. the Deftru£iion ^ Jerufa- 
iem, as if the fame were not a part of the feventy weeks detirmined 
ppon the holy City: Of which more hereafter, when we come to treat 
particularly of the (aid fingle week. 

We are now immediately concern'd with the feven weeks, and 
threefcore and two weeks, and particularly with the mpft (ignificant, 
and important word join'd with them in the Prophecy, the word 
AFTER ; which word tho' in it felf plainly, and expreflly pi«- 
diding rhecuttingojf of the McSi^ before another lu^^i, or fb much 
as one other Tear of another week could come about after that the 
iaid tfyrecfcore and nine weeks were run out, yet Mx.Dean hath made 
ot none effedt by expounding it clear away from them ; and running 
it into a large^ and indefinite fenfe, as denoting no leis than the 
WHOLE NEXT WEEK, or fe<ven Tears which remained after 
that t\it pxty-mne weeksy ox four hundred^ Weighty three years were 

Mr. J>ean was himfelf (enfib^e that an Objedion lay againft him 
for his making the death of Chrifl to fall out at the end of the 70 
weeks j and therefore he was careful to ward againfl: this Objedion, 
by thus expounding away the plain and natural £en& of the word 

But furely tl^e Objedlon \& in no wife taken off by fuch Mr. 
jp^^'s Expofition of the word. The Objedlion is moft juft, *thf 
' ' grour^de4 

|ft) p. Z54.. 1. 10. Con. Ifid 

thejixty-nine Weeks of this Prophecy. 201 

grounded a$ we fee upon the exfrefs 'words cf the Trophecy : as the 
Meffiah *was to be cut off (ver. itf^ ^FlilR threefiore and two 
Weeks (/). This is the letter of the Prophecv, and in the commoa 
fenfe of the word ^er he was cut off accordin^y in the very next 
year after, even at the Paflbver following, as we (hall fee anon> 
after fucb threefiore, and two Weeks, Therefore Mr. Dear^s expofi- 
tion of the word after is by no means a juft expofition of the faid 
word. Indeed it i^ not fo, on many accounts. 

Firffiy It is not fo even in Mr. Deaths affign'd reafons for fuch wide! 
expofition of it. 

The main Reafon by Mr. Dean urg'd (k) in favour of Juch large 
and mdefimte fenfe of the word after as denoting the whok next Week 
after, is riiat otherwife his (the Meffiah^s) Coming and bis Cutting offmufi 
have happened at the fame time both together ^ and m intermediate fpace 
would have been left for his Mtniflry. For in the verfe preceding it is 
poftivelj faidy that ftom the going forth of the Commandment to rer 
-ilorej and build Jerufalemy Unto MefEah the Prince fhould be feven 
Weeks, and threefcore and two Weeks, And therefore if at the end of 
the fame fxty^two weeks he fhould be cut off alfo^ then his Ceming^t 
and his Cutting off mufl have happened both together at the fame time, 
and the CONSE^^NCE which I have mentioned (faith Mr. Dean) 
tnuft neceffarily fbUowy i. e. that no interme£ate fpace would have then 
been left for his Mimfiry, which cannot be faid The word AFTER mufi 
therefore mean the whole Week after, at the end of which Chrift, the 
Meffiah named in that Trophecy was cut off by his death on the 

Now that this Reafon is inconclufive, and utterly incapable 
of proving any thing here as to the true litteral meaning of the word 
now before us, the word After in this Prophecy, it is evident froni 
hence, even becaufe it \s founded on a • piiftaken interpretation of 
thofe words of the Prophecy (in verfe 25) Unto Mefliah the Prince^ 
there being as before fliewn f/), no other predidHon here jbut that of 
Chrift's coming to his fufferings, or to be cut <?jf*byhis death on tha 
crols after thofe threefcore, and two Weeks, And therefore here is at 
once an end of Mr. Dean's neceffary Confequence here. There is in- 
deed no Confequence at all For tho' the Meffah v/as according to 
this Prophecy to be put to death after threefcore and two Weeksy as 
accordingly he was, yet it doth not therefore in the leaft follow that 
his Coming to his Mjiiftry, and his Cutting off mufl have happened to^ 
gether, becaufe as the matter of h& fhew'd He came to the former 
fome years (wj before he was brought to the latter: but however 
not fo many Years, viz, a feven Tears^ or whole week*s Miniftry as 
by Mr Dean in this cafe is affign'd. And therefore doubtlefs 
the former could not be intended in this Prophecy. Be- 
fides, as we might note here by way of confirmation in the cafe 


|/) Vtx, as reckon* d upon the foregoing 7 W^dcs. ^k) p. 294. I. 13. Qm* Hi^. 

j(/> Seep, 183. (otJ Seep,i§8. ■■ ^ 

J02 Of the fate BiJbtfpLhQXB's Ending of 

Wfbre us, what we have {qxtn^rly (?) (hewn at large, Mr. Dean is 
forced to pake up this 7 Years Miniftry aflign'd to our Saviour by 
the allotment of the former 3 Years ^nd a half to his forerunner 
John the Baftili, which is doubtlefs a very far-fetch'd Expofition in 
itfelf {p)y and which after all as I have fliewn Cj) will not bear, 
forafinuch as it clafhes in no lef$ than a three Years difierence with 
Ttolemfs Canon. And even this wure fufficient to overthrow Mr. 
Deaths reafoning here. But. 

Secondly » The plain and natural fen/e of the word 4fi^ ip the or- 
dinary or common acceptation of it, doth in no wife admit of fuch 
extended fenfc. — ^Wc read here in the Prophecy {vet. 26) that After 
threefiort> and t'wp weeks (r) Jball Mcfliah be a^t off- — Would not 
any impaurtial Reader from theie words conclude that at the ei^ of 
the faia vxeks, or auickly after the expiration of them^ ^t leaft be- 
fore one other njjbote vxei» or fo much as one vihole year pf pother 
'week could come about, this grand Event (Kould be accompli/hed ? 
Here he finds the death of Chrifl predided as furely to f^l put alter 
that fuch a fure time here fet for it fliould be expired. Would he 
cot accordingly look for it foon after the runqing out of tjie faid 
predided term ? — ^He would furely in the plairi, aivl nigitural feufe of 
jtbe word After » and in our ordinary way c^ thus uaderi]l^Qdiag oj\^ 
another in the comn^on ufage of the word. 

For (hould any one tell me that fuch a tbing flxould come topafs 
0rfter a *weeiy or feven dajfs, fhould I not b^ve reafon when tnofc 
/even days were come to look for the accompliflimcnt of thatEveju: 
in the eighth day following? But fliould that Event not fall but 'till 
fine whole vjeeky or /even days after) even on thf^fourteenth day follow- 
ing, this would furely be a poAponine my expe&ation, ana in xhzf. 
cafe really rendring the word AFTER of little or no fignificancy. 
For the flvent here falling out fo many days after the fe.t tjune for it, 
and my expe<3:ation alfo for it, any farther ^y after xhc/eventh, zfxd 
before the day of the Event might have been as weU fet for the ac- 
;complifiiment of it,- nay in truth much better, becaufe the Event 
fell fo much nearer. 

But as we are here concern'd with a Scripture -expreiIiQn> ,ox a 
.Scripture immediate ufe of the word. Let us look into other p^- 
feges of Scripture where we meet with the .word AFTER, ^ndby 
the fenfe in which we find it in them, let us be guided in our uii- 
derftanding of it here. 

Now not to troyble the Reader with top many inftances of tbis 
nature, it may fuffice to mention thefe following, and to note their 
refpedtiye raeanipgs %b y/.e go alpng. 

Firjt, We read in the fecond book of Samuel in the. jjth.Cfetf//^, 
^t the 23d verfe, that /iFTE]P. two full years AkA^oxtx ha4 fifeep* 


(0) See p. 18^. {f ) For whit is there in this Prophecy that doth" in the leaft 

countenance foch Expofition of the word w^/r«r.' (a) See p, ]84> &c. (r) J^/a:, 

As they are r^^kon'd ia one aji4 th^e fym9 current Recl^n^|; ujpon the foregoing levea 

the Jixfjf-nine Weeks of this prophecy, ^o^ 

fi}UBtm> &c. Was it not in tbc very next year i^w thofi fwofylf 
years that tfxis happened ? — ^It was furdy . — What Chrbnologer un- 
derftands it otherwife ? 

SecmtJfy, We may on thj$ occaiion look to thofc words of our 
blefTed Saviour which we read in St. Matthenj^s Gofpel in the 26ch 
Chapter at the ad Verfe, viz. AFTER Pix)o days is the feafi vf the 
FaMver. — Now was not FaJJiver-day the third day following ? — 
J^ioft undoubtedly it was. 

TUrdiyy Look we into that text of St. Foul in his Epiftle to the 
GaLaians in the 2d Chapter at tiocfirfi verfe^Fourteeu years after I *went 
tip to Jeru&ieniA — ^Was it not in the end of the fiurteeuth year (from 
me Apoftle's reckoning there in Ch. i. ver. i8.) or at leaft in the 
beginning dl xb^ ffteenth, wherein the ApoAIe took this journey? 
Beyond 2i diQnite it was before the ftfteentt could come about : For 
otherwife the Apoffle had faid not as he doth^ fowrteen years after 9 
but he wouki furely have feidj fifteen years after, &cc. 

Now if this be not the plain and natural ien£e of the word A F«- 
T£R in the uiage of it in the feveral foremention'd pafTagics of 
Scripture^ and confequently the true and genuin ienfe thereof, it is 
entirely fubmitted to the Reader. But if it be thus in them> ic is an 
unqueftionable proof that the like is the ufage> the fame is thefenie 
of this one and the fame word here in this pai£^ of Scripture now 
before us. For why (hould it not be ib equally here as there ? It 
ought to be fb doubtlefs without very particular Evidenoe to the 
contrary. For without fuch evidence All farther Extenfion of this 
or any other word in Scripture beyond the Letter of ir> and the ge- 
nuin and natural fenie of iu efpeca&y the known ufage and f^e of 
it in other places of Saipture is certainly grou^dleis, and unwarranr-^ 
able. But fudi particular Evkleoce cannot po0ibly be brought here. 
For as yet none furely hath appeu^d. I may be bold to uy none 
ever can be brought fufficient to jufiifie fuch large and indefimte fen/e 
as IS that of Mr. Dean of Nerwich's fenfe of this word of the Pro- 
phecy now before us. For otherwife to what purpofe is it that the 
Ai^ hath thus foiemnly delivered this part of the Prophecy in fuch 
exprefs term, or £xed number as he hath here done ? If the Mejfpab 
bad not been to have been cut tjjf^er the three fore audtv:o v:e?h 
(s) as exadly determined for the &me in this Prophecy (/) accord- 
ing to the very letter of it, and in the ordinary fenie or acceptation 
of the word Afier, but was in Mr. Dean of Norwich'*s Hypotheiis 
hereof to have been cut ojf After threefiare, at§d three vxeksy we may 
furely with all the leafon in the world on our iide conclude that the 
Angel in his delivering this Prophecy to Daifuel for his very inform-r 
ation in this particular and moft weighty concern of it, would 
without all di4>ute have fo immediately exprefled himfelf But as 
he hath not, ^ fyfficiently evident that fuch ilreined and unnatural 


(5) Vixt As they follow in cour(c «kf re«|(p^|ig Mmt the forego^g fcv^Q Weekh 
(0 V. a^t 

2 04 Of the late Bijbop Lloyd's Ending of 

cxceodcd fenffs was never here intended ^ and the rqe(fled Itcteial and 
]4atn fenfe is moreorer fully eftabiiflied. And therelbre finoe we find 
chefe words licterally and expreillv in the Prophecy («) <i«c. j^fier 
tbreefcore, imd two weeks (x) JbaU Mefliah h cuf og\ we are neceA 
6rily tied down to the cutting off of the Mefliah, if not flridfy and 
hnme^atelf after the very Day of their £]cpiration* however fb hr 
forth afier, as diat it was impoffible for Co much as one whale jesr 
of another w?ek to pafs away without the accompliflunent o^ this 
grand Event of this prediOed period. And the matter of h£t in its 
Accomplifhment accordingly (hewed that it did not, as %ve (hall fee 
hereafter. And no wonder that fuch folemnly predided^ and fudi 
momentous Event as is this of the Meffiah's being aft off after three- 
Jcore ami two IVeeksy had its precife Accompliihoient accordio^y 
after the expiration of them in the PalTover immediately foilow- 
ing thereupon (as it will appear anon that it had) when it is con* 
fider'd that it is the very letter of Scripture here that fo k muft 
be After the threefcore and two weeks (/). For to ufe Mr. Deau of 
Norwich's words here (z)^ and we cannot any where more proper- 
ly and with greater reaibn ufe them in any part of this folemn 
Prophecy than in this now before us prediding this grand Event 
of tne Cutting off if the Mefliah, and that in the preciie time de- 
termined for it> after threefcore and two weeks, N0 ward of Gad 
is ^v^n in vain. Every part of it hath its Jignificancyy and Every 
word if Frofhecy therein contahid muft have its Completion. 

So in diis word of God now before us, in this noble and ib- 
lemn Scripture Prophecy of thefe weeks^ Every part of ity Every 
word of ir, Confequentlv the word After in this momentous part 
of it ferting forth the determined time for the cutting off of the MgC- 
£ah hath its fignificancy, and it had its Completiem accordingly. 

It could not indeed be otherwife. For as the learned Mr. D^tf» 
exceeding well and truly affirms in the words immediately follow- 
ing (a). What Our Saviour faith of the Law is aljo true of thePro- 
fhets. And as not one jot or tittle of the former was to pafs without 
heingfulfiliedj fo neither could any one jot, or tittle ef the latter ever pafs 
away without being atcompbfbed. Confequently not one j*/ or tittle^ 
much Ids could one words So fignificant a word efpeaally as the 
word After in this part of the Prophecy pafs ofway^ without its 
aftual Completion, and full Accomplifliment in the exprefs letter 
of it. 

And yet after all that Mr. "Dean hath thus truly obfcrv*d and affirmVi 
of the ppsif coney and completion of every word of this Prophecy, 
How inconfiftent therewith is ms Expofition of this word, this 
'pxmcvpA word iht ward After in diis Prophecy? 

Inftcad of giving it its juft fignificancy^ and conation as it had in 
Ac death of Chrift at the very next PalTover after that the heie 


[b. (*) r;«. As reckonM after the foregoing (cren Weeks. (y) In Tcrli 
2^", as they are reckon'd after the foregoine (even Weeks Ipoken of in verl^ a/. 

(•) lb. 
_6, as the, o_ ^ 

(;c} A«we^d tb^m in page 287 1« i| i-i. C9A« Hi^ Ji^a) lb* lui« 3. 

theJixty-itineWeeksaf thisTrophecf. zoi 

ptedided term for it was exptr'd fas we (hail foon come to ihew 
that ic exa<^7 had) ^U the Jign^cancy and completion that Mr. Deam 
of Norwich hath giv'h to it is, that indeed Chrift died fome one 
'wbok weeky or feven fuH years after that the very fet time for it 
in the Prophecy was run out.— But alas what is this to the de- 
termined Period in the Prophecy for Chifi's being cut off after 
threefcore and tiw weeks? — Where is the fignificancy and compktiof^ 
of the word After here, for Chrift to be cut off a whole week after 
this very number of weeks here expreflly dctermin'd tor it {h) ? 

Had the MeJJtah been a whole week, or fiven whole years in cut^ 

ting offy then indeed there had been fome ground for Mr. Deoffs 

lai^e and extended fenfiy and completion of this word After. Such 

extended Cutting off had then indeed juftified fuch extended Expo- 

fition. But there was nothing like this in the matter of fad. Nor 

indeed hath Mr. Dean built at all upon ic. The real foundation of 

flich extended Expofition was that of fuiting the word to Mx.Deajfs 

Hypothefis, in the bringing it to fuch a fcnfe as would admit ot 

Chrift V beifjg cut off^ as therein accordingly he is (not ^terthree^ 

fcore, and two weeks ^ as in the exprefs letter of the Prophecy {c) but) 

after threefiore^ and two weeks i_ and one week ; and as tbefe are all lit 

Mr. Dean's Hypothefis reckoned upon the foregoing feven, they 

make together 70 weeks » the whole Number of the weeks of this 

Prophecy* after or at the end of all which according to Mr. VeoTt 

the MeJ/iah was cut off And therefore this is made an argument by 

Mr. Dean in favour of his extended Expofition of the word After. 

But how groundleffly 'tis fo made> will yet appear by taking a diftinfl: 

view of the Text, and fhewing 

Thirdly y How utterly incapable of fuch Expofition the word After 
is, conflde/d ^ it ftands here in the Prophecy. 


(b) In this lenfe of the word ^^fter. In what time (bever afterwards Chrifi's death 
liaa happened, yet ftill in a large, and indefinite fenfe. It had been all one. The Pro- 
phecy had been equally accooiplilhed after a manner, fuch a one as it is : for Chriji had 
Kill died after the Prophetick threeJcore» and two weeks. But then of what force had been 
the word Met here ? — Surely of none at all. Nor is it in truth of any more in Mr, 
Dean's Unuted lenfe to the meaning of the vthole next meek only after the threefisre. Mid 
two weeks^ For as we muft obferve here though Mr. Dean will have the word ^fter 
taken in a lar^e, and indefinite fenfe, As it lies in appofition with the threefcore^ an}l 
two weeks in verfe 26> yet in order to take in the me week in verfe a? (which in no wife 
concerns the catting Qjf of the Mefliah, as wc fhall fully (hew hereafter, when we ireac 
thereof) Mr. Dean will no longer after that allow this word to have a large^ and indefi" 
ntte fenfe. And Co what upon the expir^ion ot tkreefcore, and two weeks had a large 
and indefinite fenfe, hath yet a ftri£l and iimited fenfe after feventy weeks. But ftill this 
is furely enlarging, and limiting at pleasure. And here is fiill a whole week or (ev^a 
years poftponing the death of CAr^y? beyond the time in the exprefs Letter of theProphe- 
qr determined for it, in the plain and natural fenfe of the word Afttr, which in the 
common acceptation of the words as we have leen> denoteth JM^ly an ^ccomplifhmenc 
of the predi&ed £vent> after the very number of weeks pred^ly fet for it, and when ^a 
laid Accomplilhment muft neceflarlly have hap'ned> as it truly did accordingly to this 
word ^fier its having its full weight, and due fignificancy here. But nothing like this 
accomplifhment had the word in the extended fenfe now before us at the end of a 
whole week after the precife time for it appointed in the Prophecy. There is indeed no- 
thing in the matter of fa^? any more than in the ordinary fenfe of the word lAfier in 
(he kafi juIUf^^ingfuch Zxv&aSuiiu (() ViK, la ycstt the cwescy iixch^ 

iotf Ofthelate Bifh(fl^LOYi>'s Enditigof 

We have formeriy obferv'd cbat there are three feveral Pedock 
in tbk Prophecy, the one of fiven Weeksj (v. aji) another o£ 
threefcOfe andt'wo Weeh^ {v. 261) reckoned upon the bxtffmgfivem 
JVeekSi Cas both thefe periods have one and the iamc be^ning 
fhm the going firth of the Cmmmmiment &c, as in o^. 2yJ And a 
third of one IVeek feparately fpoken of in verfe 27. Theie Weeks 
are thus immediately divided by the Ai^l's diftind manner of de- 
livering himfelf concerning them as in the exprefi Letter of diia 
Prophecy in the verfes now quoted. 

Now of thefe three Periods 'tis the iecond (xily that immediately 
belongs to the MejfUb, as ezprefldy fetting forth the time Jktermned 
for his cutting off. The firft and the laft, they immediately refpedi: 
Jerufalem, that her foil Reftorationj this her final Deftru&ion. 
The firft Period was accordingly folemniz*d with the gmg firth of 
the predided Commaniment (in v 2^.) for the relmUing of Jerufalem 
both the Wall and the StrMt thereof, in the very bqginning of dbe 
faid Period) as the faid Commandment did adhially go forth from Ar^ 
faxerxes Langjmanus Yjd% oSFerfia in the tvjentieth year of his re^. 
The laft of the three periods^ viz. the diftind and fcparate Oaie 
W'eek thereof, as it refpeds Jemfakm in the final Deftm^on of it> 
in its EXPRESS CHARACTER in the very letter of the Text, 
(tf. 2j.) and in the there predided Qrcumftances of it had its eX"- 
ad completion accordingly, as we (hall have occafion (a) to ihew 
more folly hereafter. It cannot therefore have any relation to the 
ontting off of the Meffiah, but mujR: neceflarily be diilinA ftom it. 
And therefore as it bears no relation to that grand Events as being 
immediately concemy with another of its own viz, the DeftrudioD 
6f yerufalem, as we (hall more fully (hew anon. We fee plainly in 
the Prophecy that that other Grand Event, viz. of the cutting off 
of the Meffah is not placed after the faid One J^eek, but immedi- 
ately after its own proper, and exprefs period of the fixty two 

Coniequently for Mr. B6an of Norwich to make Chrijt to be cnt 
<5^ as he doth, after the faid One Week, and in order to that to make 
l£e word after (which is in immediate Appoficion with the threefcore 
and t'Wo Weekfy and not with the one iveek) to fignifie that whok 
Weeky as it is in truth againft all reafonable fenie of the word afier 
in the genuin and natural fenfe of it, as before (hewn. So it is no« 
torioufly ^inft the exprefs Letter of this Prophecy. Such ex- 
tended and forced fenfe is utterly repugnant to, and inconliftenc 
with it in ths twofold reipeA, as it renders of none e£(e& this im- 
ttiediate appofition of the word After to the threefcore andtim 
Weeks, and aUb as it robs the other One Week of its immediate ex- 
jprefs Charaihr direftly and diftmftly applied to it in the Prophecy. 
And this is proof fufScieht.tbat fuch extended fenfe of the word 
After as ddnoting the vMe next Week after the running out of 


^ t- 

{a) Yix. When we come in of (i«r to trm of Um laid WMkf 

the fixtj-nlne Weeks tf this Tft^hecy. ±6f 

At thfeejior^ dhd t<vo Wbeks cannot jidflSbly be the tf ue fenfe of the 

Nor Will that help Mr. tiean of tJbruich, which we are yet to 
confider^ as being what he hath urg'd in the cafe before us (viz. 
as td thfe true and proper fetife of the word Afier) as he hath been 
pleafed to tell us (p. 204. /. 29O i" the fdlowing words. The Death 
if the Mefliah is in the Vro^hecy exaitl) determined to that time {viz. 
to the end of the Seventy WecksJ by *what 'was fatd hefore in the 
tiijenty fourth verfe, Fdr accbrdiitg to thdty It tnuft be there placed^ 
*where it placeth the E'Oeitts that nj^dre to be actomplijhedy artd brought 
io pafs by it. But the Events *which vjere to be accomplijhed and 
brought to pafs by the cutting offtff the Mefliah, are by that part of the 
faid Vrophecy (vix. v. 24.) placed at the end ef the Seventy Weeksj 
^fid covfequently at the end of the lafiofthem, and therefore the cutting 
of of the Mefliah midi there be placed affi. 

To which the Reply is nioft eafy, viz. that there can not poffi- 
bly bd any Conclufion from verfe the twenty fourth of this Pro- 
phecy to the determined time of the cutting off' of the Mefliah. 

Firfl, from the number of Weeks determined in the (aid twenty 
fourth Verfe, for they are in general determined as in the eKprels 
Letter of the Prophecy, nbttipcm theM/^^^, butupbn jtwj/i/«w(^). 
Of which more in its proper place hereafter. Not 

Secondly^ from the predided Events in verfe the twenty fourth* 
for ds they tuere to he accompbJJjed* and bf ought to pafs by the cktti?ig 
ojf of the Mefliah, they were therefore to have their accomplifti- 
meht U'hefe his cutting off is expreflly and moft precifely jdac^d in 
verfe the tweiity fixch. But that is there determined not after fe- 
vehty weeks, but after [feVeh Weeks and] fisty two Weeks. And 
therefore in vain hath Mr. "Dean argued for the cutting vftf the Mef. 
fiah after fevenry Weeks fpoken of in verfe the twenty fourth> 
which are there in general deternuned (not upon the Meffiahj but) 
upon Jerufalem. 

And fo we mav have done with our vindication of the plain and 
natural, artd as mch truly the mfifl: figtlificanr, and mofl: proper 
fehfe of the word After in this Prophecy, as it ftatids in immediate 
appoGtion with the threefcore dnd two Wetks thereof^ and rn fuch ap- 
pofitibn folemrily dehoteth the f>necife time here iet^mined for the 
cutting cff of the Mefliah after the rlinrtiftg out of the faid period of 

Weeks. As the learned l!)r. Prideaux had wel^n^h eSspound- 

cd away the true fignific^ncy, and great importance of this wotd 


(h) For herein is the Text exprefsj Seventy Weeks are determined upon THY PEOPLE 
and upon THY HOLY CETY, Therefore the judicious and learned Mr. A/r^^ ob- 
jected againft FfMiccw's HypotheGsof thefe weeks, as having this great anci uRavoidablo. 
Inconveoience among others, that as it begins the Seventy Weeks ♦ironi thefiventh cf Ar- 
taxerx'es, and ends them in the death df Chrifi (ds the learned Dr. Prideaux ha:h aJfo 
done) that therein it ehds the faid/iventy Weeks ifhich by the Text were allotted for the 
HOLT CITT /onj kefore the times of the Hofy City were fulfilled ; as are Mf, 2dedi% words 
in p. 7 10, of bis book. But of this more ia its proper place bereafcer. 

%09 Of the tateBijbap LloydV Ending of 

thus furdy poinring out the time by God bimfaf here appointed 
for the Mefflalfs fuflferings, gfter theje fixty^nhie weeks, as ioon as 
ever bh HOUR was came after the expiration of them, it was tfaeie- 
fore incumbent on us to dwell thus long in the vindicating and re- 
ftoriog the true fenfe thereof: left odierwUe we might be deprived 
of this the main intent and purpofe of this noble Prophecy in this 
moft folemn, and weighty part thereof forefliewing and fixing at fb 
great a diibnce of time, the death of our Great Redeemer^ as in 
die fulnels thereof He fliould come unto his Sufferings, as it is here 
moft expreflly foretold that he ihould. — For what more confider- 
aUe Revelation, what of greater confequence for the convidion of 
the Jewsy what more folemn confirmation of ih& Chrtfiian Faidi than 
that fuch frecife Time of the fufiering MeJJiah fo completely jrfter- 
wards verified was thus predified fo many hundred years before in 
this Prophecy {c) ? that He the M>JJiah the fon of God, and the 
Redeemer of mankind who according to this Prophecy was to come 
unto his fuflferings, viz. to be cut off after (fiven weeks and) three^ 
fiore and two weeks, the time herein determined for that his cutting 
oflF, was in thejulnefe rf time accordingly cut off, viz, at the Ps^ 
over immediately following upon the expiration of the fiid deter- 
2ained weeks for it. The chief End both of our Saviour's birth>. 
and alfo of his Coming was to D I E for our Salvation. Therefore 
the Prophecies of his Dying are of the weightieft concern to man- 
land above all odier Prophecies of Scripture. It was the SALVA- 
TION by the SUFFERINGS of Chrift which Mofes, and all 
the Prophets had foretold (d) : And yet they knew not when it would 
be. But fir that they enquired and fearch'd diligently, as St Peter tdls 
us {e\ deliring to know rt»» n wiw luufir, what time, or what manner 
of time it Jbould be that the Spirit of Chrift wtnch was in them did 
fgwfiey *when he tejiified beforehand of the fufferings of Chrift, and of 
the glory that Jbould follow. 

Nay not only Men, but even the Angels defr'd to look into tbefe 
tbingsy as St. Peter there (/) tells us. For even they were not in 
this lecret, as St. Paul plainly (hews (g) calling it the My^ery of our 
Redemption by the death of Chrift, and telling us that frcm the be- 
ginning of the world it was hid in Gody to the intent that unto the Prin* 
apcdities, and Powers in heavenly places, fthat is, to the bleffed Angds 
themfe\ves) might he known by the Church the manifold wifdom of God 
According to both thefe Apoftles the DISCOVERY of thd 
DETERMINED TIME of Chrift's death, which God was 
pleafed to fend to his Prophet Daniel by the Angel Gabriel, was not 
more furprizing news to the Prophet, than it was to the Angel 
himfelf. But God was therefore pleafed to make this Revelation to 


(c)'ThePropheq^ of the LXX Weeks was revealed to Ddniel in the ycaf ^3? be* 
fore A. D. or the V, iE. of Chrijh Dan. ix. i> *. U) Luke xxiy. 45, «7. A6b 

xxvi. i2, 23. ' W I P«. i, xo» III u. C/J lb. (^) Kph. iiu 

9$ io» 

the JiXty-nine Weeks of this Prophecy. 209 

the Prophet Darnel, becaufe as the Aogei's words (k) to him are, 
that he was a man greatly hehved: an expreilion this not ufed to an/ 
other of the Propltets, nor perhaps to any other perfon, but only to 
the blefled Virgin {Dtke i. 28J for in the fame words this might have 
been tranflated with that (/). And the Angel herein brought him 
this fure token of it in giving him the firft Revelation of the 
PRECISE TIME of Chrift'sdeath. The Knowledge of which 
had been io earneftly defir'd* and fought after by Angels> as well as 
Men> but never could be attained by any of them. 

And indeed for the PRECISE TIME of the Mefuiifs death 
there \s no other Predidion of it^ than that which we here have in 
this Prophecy. And therefore the moft learned Grotius fon Mat, xvi. 
3) underftands thofe words there of our bleifed Saviour to the 
Tharifeesj and SaJdacees, as if he had faid thus to them ,* If ye looked 
prto the Fn^hecies of Scripture 'with as much concernednefs at ye do into 
the face of Heaven^ nuhen ye are taking a journey y ye would fee and 
adntowledge out of doubt that the end of DanielV weeks is at hand 

It was dter Paflbver of the &. V. Chrifii 32 [John vi. 4) at which 
Chf'^ was not» but ftill continued ui Galilee^ or thereabouts> and 
alfo after his Miracle of the Loavesy and a few little fifbes Jiear the fea 
4f GaUlee (Mat, xv. 29. Mark vii. 31) but not long after this, as 
appears by our Saviour's words to hi^ Difciples, (Mat, xvi. 9, 10) 
that he had this Debate with the Fharifees, and Sadducees about the 
TIMES. They requir'd of him a fgn from Heaven to prove that 
he was the Mej]iahy which they refolved not to believe* tie fighei 
deepli in the Spirit (Mark viii. 12) and asked them, as they could 
iSJcem the face of the Skyy if they could not alfo dfcem^ thefgnsrfthe 
limes. Mat, xvi 3. Upon which Grotius hath commented as 

And it is hard to % what 37«wChrifl: fliould mean here but thofe- 
two times that are mention'd in this Prophecy : namely, firft the 
time of the Meffiah^s being cut off» which was to be After the 69 
weeks ^ {Dan. ix. 25* 26) and fecondly the time of the (ingle week, 
(ver, 27) the week that was appointed of God for the deftroying of 
the City> and Temple at ^erufakm, and the diffolviDg of thejewi/b^ 
Church. But 

That our Saviour intended the former of thefe, namely the tiTne 
when the Mejjiah was to be cut offy it appears by Confidering at what 
time it was that be faid this. It was now this very year, on the 
nth day of May (*), orfome little time later, that the fixcy-nine 
weeks were expired. 

P Nov^ 

(A) Dan. ix. 13. (0 The Original words in P^wV/ate nHH limCin ^^3 

— » 

Nam Defideria Tu cs, pro Vir DefiJerlorum, iitplene dicitur, cA. x. Ii. /. e. Omniatn 
defiderabilbm virorum defif^eratiflinaus. 'Buxt. in Voce. The original word in Luhe i. 
48 is. Thou art %i^mn»^'Ay Highly favoured of God. He was therefore ^rw//;' he* 
lovedy or ^\3S highly favottred t/God^ as being of all others mofl deferving ot fuch Iove» 
and ^vour of Godi as was now ihewn him in this important Revelation 01 God fOiiit \a 
him. [k) As we ihall prefently haveoccaGon to ihcw pore fully.* 

ftio Of the late Bijbop LloydV Ending of 

Now our Saviour knew the time ivas come that St. Latke fpeaks of 
(ix. 51) the time when he (hould be taken tf, that is, crucified (/). 
He knew it to be fo near, that there was not now one DAY of 
anodier tveek left: he had not a year longer to live. But he alio 
knew that his piece of a DAY fliould not be at an end *till next Paff- 
over. He knew that that was his HOUR, {John xiii. i.) He 
fliouU be cut oflF then, and no fooner. 

Therefore in the mean fpace Chnft took particular care that this 
fhould be no furprize to his Difcifdes. And that it might iK>t befo 
to them. He firft broke it to them immediately after the reproof that 
he gave to the Pbarifees. It was in his pro^efi in the parts about 
C^efirea Phi/ifpi» that he BEG AN tofiew bisDifdfleSy thmt he mufi 
go uf to Jerufalem, and there he reje&ed by the Sanhedrin, and he 
kilkdy and after three days mufi rife agaijh (Mat.xvi. 2 1. Mark viil. 
31. Luke ix. 22.) 'Ari rm K^« « I«ry( iitmvm, as St. Matthews 
words are, From that time fort h^ as in our Tranflation moft truly 
and properly : Chrifl having not before, as is evident from St. Teter't 
taking our Lord aiide from the red, and rebuking him for faying 
things fo frightful to them {Mat, zvi. 22. Mark viiL 32) but now 
the Jtxty-nine 'weeks of Daniel, after 'which he nvas to he cnt off» be* 
ing expir'd. He thenceforward made them acquainted with it (m) 
that when this horrid Tragedy of i^heing cut 1^ according to this 
Prophecy ihould happen, as it was now to be accomj^^ at the 
very next Faflbver, the faid fixty-nine nveeks being now run out, it 
might however be no more than what he had himfelf taught them 
to expeft among other things concerning himfe^. 

Thus our Lord's own Obfervation of the expiring of thefc Weeks, 
and his immediate information thereupon, then and not before> of 
his approaching death which he was neceffarily {n) to undergo at 
Paflbver following, as he could not furvive the next Paflbver now 
that thefe determined 'weeks fox his cutting off' were run out, is to us 
a moft ftrengthning proof, and an additional Confirmation of what 
hath been above faid as to the true, and genuin fignification of the 
word j^ftery in this Prophecy, ^d therefore as for the foregoing 
reafons, fo for this alfo ^e cannot look upon it otherwife than a 
mangling or mutilating of this noble Prophecy in this folemn part 
of it, for to take the md word in Mr. Dean or Norwich's^ or in any 
other fuch like large and indefinite fenfe. Nor can we therefore aMo 
but conclude that fuch, and every other fuch {0) like extended fenfe 


(/) So Dr. Uammmd expounds it : Or nthef > as Chrift expounds it himlelf ; for this 
Vras bis masner of fpeaking > He laid chat the Son 0/ Man (hould be lifted nfy (Joha 
ill. t4*) He u(ed the vrotiSfted np, thereby figtiifying ^at death be/homid die (ch. xii. 

£i> 33O And he was theretore delivered to Piiaie to be crncified X9 the fulfilling of tbia 
lying (£i^. xviii. 31.) (w) So aeain (i&. xvii. ii and.xx. 17 — 19. (») A« 

he could not die but at Paflbver, as willbe prelently (hewn, bat could not furvive another* 
becauTe the [7 weeks and] 62 weeks were now expired. It) Such alfb is Mr. Z^»- 
4afier^s extended fenfe of the word ^fter to three years and a naif run in upon the fjxrv* 
tiine weeks in a current reckoning with (hcm, as be mikes Chrifi to ht cmf off in m^ 
nyddlcoi (be fcrentMweek* 

the Jixty-nine Weeks of this Prophecy. i\X 

thereof, as ic is inconfiftent wich the natural fenfe of if, in its com- 
mon acceptation, and as ic ftands intheText> and is coniider'd wich 
the Context, and is moreover in no wife agreeable to the matter of 
fed ,• fo likewife that fuch extended f jnfe run through the *u:Me 
Jingle *weekj as in Mr. Dean of Nar^wkh's Hypothecs, or through 
the former half of it, as in Mr. LavcaJIer'sy is in truth alto- 
gether arbitrary, and groundleis> and therefore put upon the 
word merely for the fake of their refpedive Hyporhefes, both 
founded in a miflaken current reckoning of more tkan (ixty-nin^: 
weeks ^ whereas no more than thefe (p) are by the letter of this 
Prophecy to be fo reckoned, both computed from a miftaken be*- 
ginning of thefe weeks (fj, and confequenrly produdive of as ground- 
le£s an Ending, as is that of the Meffiah^s being cut off either at the 
end) or elfe in th& middle of the feparate one week of this Pro* 

. But otherwife it is with the late Bifliop Lbyd's Hypothefis in all 
thefe refpeds. He therein every where abiding by the exprefs let- 
ter of the Prophecy, as he took his b^inning of the fiveTt lueels, 
and threefiore and two weeks, (of them, and them only^ from the 
iexprcis Charader to which we are adually pintfed down in the Pro- 
phecy for the (ame, viz. the going forth of the Commandment to re* 
bui/d JcruMcta in the titter at fenfe of fuch Commandment, (which 
Commandment in fuch the true fenfe thereof, as we have ihewn (r) 
went not forth 'till the twentieth of Arta^erxes Umgimanus) fo like- 
wife, as it hath now appeared. He fixed his ending of the (zxdjeven 
weeks, and 6^ weds in the letter of the Prophecy, viz, in the ex- 
preCf Charader of the death of Chrift expreilly fjgnified to us by 
the phrafe of the putting off the Meffiah immediately, or fo (bon 
after the expiration of the faid weeks as at the very next Paffover 
following: whith grand Invent hapned accordingly after fuch ex- 
piration, as in exad accordance with the letter of this Prophecy, 
which was the firft thing to be fliewn by us in favour of the faid 
Hypothefis, fo alfo as it is to be fhewn in the fecond place in point 
of time, in full and perfed Agreemen: wich Ftokmfs Canon {s). 

P 2 For 

{p) Verfc If. {q)J^> The 7th oi Artdictrxes. (r) See aWe. U) Mr, Dean 
df Normcb (p. %6y aod elfewhere) and alio Mr. LanMjier(Tp» 60) have both of them 
laid claim co fuch agreemenc alfo. The former efpedally* as he begins thefe veeks in 
PtoUmf$ very feventh of Artakerxet, and ends them alfo in Pflimfi 1 9th of lihtrim : 
The latter alfo fo far forth as he claims an agreement (ib.) with the number of years in 
Ftoitmjf's Canon. But at the lame time both of them have been conitratn*d for their 
refpe&ve Hypothecs to forlake Pteienn tho' in difierenc pardculars. Mr. Lan^ 
ufier hath widely left PtoUmf in his 7tfa o( KAruxerxes noking that year tin his Hypo* 
tbefis to be the 7 th of that King's reign, which In Ptoiem/s Canon is tfulybut the hril 
thereof. And even the learned Mr. Dean of Norwich hath h>r the (ake of one particu- 
lar part of his Hypothefis been conftrainM to do fbmething of the like nature, I mean as 
to the ifthof Tiberims, making that to be his i^th which in PteUmfi Canon is truly 
but the 12 th. As thefe things have beenHiewna; large above. So that in neither 
of thefe Hypothcfes is there a true agreemenc with Pnlemft Canon, tor in the fore- 
meotion'd particulari there is an a&ual departure from him. And that of Mr. Laff 
tapet*t ifj^ally i iQowrtoufi aad inde^ksot to be lUoWedi becaufe not juOifiable bv 


212 Of the late Bifbop Lloyd s Ending of 

For is it cxpreffly predidted in this Prophecy [ver. 25) that^^ww 
$be going forth of the Commandment to rebuild ]tT\xi3!iCVCi there ihould 
be feven iveeksf ^and three fcote and t*u)o weeks s equal to 483 years> 
and that jiFTER thefe the Meffiah fliould be cut of (vct. 26) ? 
And farther did this Commandment go forth in the twentieth year of 
the reign of King Artaxerxes Lartgimanus, as it hath been (hewn at 
large that it did? — Let the Reader be pleafed to confult the Table 
in the End ol this Chapter, wherein is computed this determined time 
by the Chronologers golden rule, Ptolemfs Canon, and he will ac- 
cordingly find that Chrift did not furvive one full year after the expi- 
ration of it. As for infhnce, the year before the Vulgar Mra of 
Chrift which anfwers to the 20th of Artaxerxes Urngtmanus in thac 
Canon is the year 445. If we reckon from the Jews l^ifxn of that 
year which anfwers to our April {t) 485 years, viz. Eafiern (iv) years, 
fuch as are the years of this Prophecy (nv) each year containing 560 
days to a year, the old EaflernycsLTy or the Vulgar Year of thej^x, 
and of the Country where Daniel^ and rhe Jews were now captive^ 
when this Prophecy was giv'n,we (hall find thefaid 483 years to end 
in the ye*wilh month Ijar in our May (x) of the year of die common . 
ChrifiiaaJEr^ 32, in the 1 8th year of the Roman Emperor Ttherius. 
In the month of May then of the year of the V. M, of Chrifi 32, 
the 7 weeks, andi' 62 weeks of this Prophecy, or the 483 
years thereof had their ending. And now not long After the MeP 
fiah was furcly to be cut off according to this Prophecy. He could 
not live now one other whole day of another iveek, not the whole 
next year, to the furviving the May following of the year of the 
V. iE. of Chrift 335 or the 19th ot Tiberius; for then he had not 

• been 

the Authorities hy him urged in favour, and fiipport of it. This Mr. Lancajfer's great 
wad unwarrantable freedom with Ptolemy in this particular, (hocks his whole HypotndGa 
■were there nothing elfe that did (b But the utter Inconfiftency both ot his beginning and 
ending of thele weeks with the letter of the Prophecy direftly overthrows it, as chelame 
Obje&ion lies againft Mr. Latuafitr's beginning of thefe weeks, as hath been £hewn to 
ly againfl Mr. Dean of Nmrvficb*s, and as both reckon by a current reckoning of more 
than fixty-nine weeks, as the former hath thrown in one half, and the latter the whole 
Cngleweek, makine thus theit refpe&ive Hypothefes to end^in the death of Chrifi. And 
therefore all pretended Agreement with Ptolemfs Canon in fuch cafe is infignificant, unlels 
•wifhalfuchChronological Agreement were the attendant of a ftriftly concurring Agree- 
ment alfo with the letter of the Propbec^rin all particulars. But both thefe' Hypotbefei 
are abfolutely void of fuch neceiTlry oualifiation of procuring credit both as to the re- 
ipedive Beginnings and Endings of them : And therefore in fuch diGigreement with the 
exprefs letter of the Prophecy all Humane Teftimony, even that of Ftolemy*i CAnon, is 
vain and infignificant. A pet fe6fc Harmony with Put/emy'i Canon doth unconteftedly con- 
firm any Chronological Syttcm entirely founded on Scripture, and perfedily agreeing with 
the letter thereof : but in any^ Scripture matter it avatleth nothing to the e/hblifnmenc 
thereof when adapted to a miftaken fenfe, and interpretation thereof : As is evidently 
the cafe here in both thefe Hypothefes. But not thus is it in the late Bifhop Lityd'a 
Hypothefis. That as litterally founded in Scripture both in its beginning, an^ ending, 
juftly calls in the confirniation of Pw/fwy's Canon, as it hath a perteft agreement there- 
with, as I am now (hewing. (t) In the month Ntfan the Decree* or Command- 
ment for the Rebuilding JermfaieOi^ went forth from KArtaKcrxes Longimanns^^Neh. ii, 
I.) Therefore thence DamePs 7 weeks, and 62 weeks began. («) There will 
prefently follow a di£lin6l Chapter (hewing that thefe years are the nue years of this 
Fiophecy. ( w) lb. (x) They end ab(wc Ai^ u (h from the day of begiaaing as 
ibov€ : dm f« ti^e Tabic %mez,% - . . 

' the Jixty-nine Weeks of this Trofhecy. 213 

been cut off according ta this Prophecy after 483, but after 484 
yearsj not after 7 Weeks y and tkreejcore and fiuo loeeksy but after 7 
weeks, and 62 weeks, and aJfo one i^ijj', that is, one^^tfr of another 
Week, which we find not in this Prophecy. Therefore according 
to this Prophecy, as the MeJJiah could nor> fo he did not thus fur- 
vive. He was cut oft in the Je^ilb month Nifan our April of the 
19th of Ttherius within this very Year which next followed upon 
the expiration of the feven weeks, and threefcore and two weeks> 
or 483 Years of this Prophecy. He was cut off at the Paflbver of 
this very Year> which was the very next Paflbver after the expi^ 
ration of the faid Weeb. 

And wherein can there be a fiiller and more exad Completion of 
this predided matter of fad, this grand Event of the cutting off of 
the Mefliah, than here is now before us {a) ? The MejJiah as by this 
Prophecy he was not to furvive one other whole Year after the expira- 
tion of the 483 Years here determined for his cutting ofli fo in hdi he 
did not. He was put to death as foon as poffibly he could be cutoff 
after the expiration of the faid predicted term. For he could not 
poflibly die any fooner in that Year for this moft fatisfiaftory rea- 
lon i via. becaufe it was impoffible for him to die, or in the Prophetick 
words to be cut off but at Paflbver. For as he could not die but at Je-^ 
fufakm» {Luke xiii. 3 3 J So neither could he fufFer death there, or be 
cut\offh\xi at Paflbver {h), Witnefs the following undeniable Proofs. 

After that the nineteenth of Tiberius was b^un (c) at Jerufalem, 
the Jews at the feaft of Tabernacles (d) (ought to take our Saviour, 
but (they could not, for) no man laid hands on him, becaufe his HOUR 
ivas not jet come^ (John vii. 30.) This was not becauie they knew 
not where to find him, for it is expreflly faid {ch, viii. 20.^ that bo 
taught in the Temple, and no man laid hands on him, for his HOUR 
'was not yet come. Afterwards before the feaft of the Faffover the A- 
poftlc faith that Jefus kneu) that his HOUR ivas come (ch. xiii. i,) 
Now then at Paflbver the Time was come for his being cut off 
Now he was therefore to be cut off not only at Pafflbver, but aUa 
on the jjrery day of the Paflbver, the day when the Pafchal Lamb 
was to be kilFd (e). For as the Pafchal Lamb was the type of our 
blefled Saviour (fj fo that (as it accordingly did j was to keep his 
Day for him *till he came to take it unto himfelf, and to be there- 
on oflfer'd for our Sins as the Lamb nvithout blemijb^ or /hot (g), 

P 3 This 

(4) Since Chr'Jl did fufFer thus in that very Year in which it was foretold (6 many io» 
years before (vix. fjt years before his being now cue off) how cam the Jem fhnd ouc 
againft (iich Evidence ? — How can they remain unconvi&ed when thus it is plain that our 
Lord Jefus Chrift is the very Mtjftah whofe cutting off was fo long before thus precifely 
foretold in this Prophecy? — Ought'not CAr//? to havefuffer'd thefe things ? Luhe xxiv. 25.. 
Ought he DOC to be cut ojjf, as ht was in this tht fnlnefs of time dtttrmined fur it. 
ih) See the Chron. Tables puWiflied v^. D. 1 7 1 3. Table 4th Appendix, Col. 5. in .fin*. . 
\c) The i9(bTearot his reign began on Aug. 19th A. V. Chrifti jz. (i/) See the 

Chron. Tables juft mentioned. Table the jdAppendix Col. 4th fub medio. {e) VixK 
OQ chc 14th 4ay of Nifan between the two Evenings. Esndns xii. 6. (f) At be 

was tli» trtu Fsftbal Lamb flain from the fotmJation of the World. Rev. xiii. S. 
John i. 19. • (e) As the Pafchal Lamb was to he wHhout hkmi^^ ExodiXii* jp.. 

9fi vas Ckrifi St 4 L4tmb mthgut b.'on'fhy gad visbout Sjftt*^ i Pet. i. 19^ 

214 Of the late Bijbop Lloyd'^ Ending of 

This Ttme as it was now come after that thefeProphetick Weeks 
were run out, fo was it kept, and hiUilled moft exafUy in every re- 
fyctt Our Lord was cut offva the very precife Year, the fame Year 
that the Angel toretold in this Prophecy : And ndt only fo, but he 
was cut off alfo in the very MONTH, and on the very DAY of 
the month, and at the very HOUR of that Day on which he 
WAS to fuffer, and on which alone He COULD SUFFER from 
the Creation : even in the month, the day, and at the hour of the 
Day when the Tafchal Lamb was to be ktUed. And as thus all o- 
iher Scripture Prophecies predidling oar Saviour's Sufferings, fo this 
efpecially predicting the precifely determtTied time for them was moft 
exadlly fulfilled : the faid determined time for his cutting off falling 
out moft truly as it hath been now (hewn in full and perfeft Agree- 
ment wich Ftokmfs Canon, in the ijth year ot the reign of 31- 

And no greater confirmation than thh can poffibly be giv'n of 
the truth ot any Hypothefis of thefe weeks. This of its entire 
Harmony with Scripture, and with Ptolemy s Canon, with the let- 
ter of the former in point of Expofition, and with the latter in point 
of time. Nor hath any other Hypothefis whatfoever yet esctanc 
fuch confirmation HTis what is inaeed peculiar to this Hypothefis 
of the late Bilhop Lloyd There is not anv, I am bold to fay it, 
that in all its parts in the feveral periods or this Prophecy, in the 
refpe£tive Beginnings and Endings of them is as this is agreeing both 
with Scripture, and with Ftolemfs Canon. No other Beginning of 
ths: feven 'weeis and threepore, and two iveeif can poffibly be 
brought to a^ree with the letter of this Prophecy by any reckoning 
whatloever than that from the going forth of the Comfaandmenti &C. 
in the twntieth of Arcaxerxes : As it hath been formerly ihewn 
ftt large* 

And it hath been now fliewn as to the Ending of the &\Afeven 
Weeks^ and threefiore and two TPeeks th^t their Expiration in the i8th 
of Ttheriusy and in the year of the common Chriftian Mr a 3 2 was ftridly 
and precifely to be followed with the cutting off of the MeJJiah in the 
next Year, which was the 19th of libsriusy and the 33d Year of 
the cfnrmon Chriftian Mra^ in the*Pa(fover of which dnri^ did Aif-< 
ftr accordingly. 

And no other Year of Reckoning whatfoever will thus throw 
out the determined fe^en Weeks y and thre-fcore and two Weeks of this 
Prophecy for the cutting off of the Mefliah to which the Prophecy 
expreflly pins us down both in fuch beginning'^ and in fuch ending, 
but this alone. And by this in full accordance with Ftolemfs Ca- 
non the (aid number of Weeks is fo exaAJy thrown out, as that 
Chrift was cut off within the Year following, even as foon as poffi-i 
bly He could be put to death after their expiratioa, iw. at Paflbver 
folio vving, as it hath been here fliewn, 

And this is alfo a full, and convincing proof, and what in truth weR 
nigh cometh up to a Demonftration tbAt the anti^t Eaflem Year 

thefixty-nine tVeeks of this 'Prophecy, z i j 

of 51S0 days to a Year is the very Year of Rcckooing in this 
Prophecy .- fbrafinuch as by it, and by it onJy is to be found the 
number gi/n in the Prophecy of 483 Years between the two 
terms of the beginning and cndit^ of tb« 7 Weeks, and threefn/re^ 
aiJ firo Weeki as therein exprelTly and precifely determined for 
this pand Event before us of the «*//»»£ off of the Mefliah. 

But for farther Satisfatfiion of the Reader in this important point 
T Ihall give it a particular conHderatton ^ wherein I fhali ecideavourto 
prove that the Computation of time in this Prophecy muft ncccf' 
larily be according to this form of Year. And this as it may defer- 
vedly be the fubjefi of a diHindl Chapter) I ihail accordingly make 
it fo in that which ibllows, after that I have now here in the tirft 
place in the End of this Chapter gi/n the Computation it fclf by 
the /aid Year adjufted with the Years, as well thoji of the Jul. Pe^ 
liodt at thoje of Kjw^t Eeigvt accorJhtg to PTOLEMY'i Camm. 

P ♦ C H R O Ni 


of i6o Days. V The Yearsfn it areof jfif Days.j 

? f 

s=sS: ? 









" E 

F|l; 1 






Dec. 11; 30+ 




I JlOf 

1: Apr, 16 :i6o 


11 H 

Dee. 11. J Of 



I . loo 

J . Apr. 1 1 . t6r 

J Of 

Dce.ii' 306 



3 '. 9T 

4_ Apr. 6 170 


»3 3 

Dec. 11- 307 



+ ■ 90 f -Mar.ji-iyfi 



Dcc.u: J08 



J- : 84 6:Mar.n5:i8i 



Dec. 11; 309 



6 . 79I 7,Mar.n.i8<S 


16 L* 

Dec.11; 310 


7 ■ 7+ 

S.Mir.iS 151 


17 B 

Dcc.ii- 311 

18 e: 


8 I 69 


Mar. 10 • »97 


18 1 

Dec. 10: J, » 




Mar. J-: jbi 


19 h. 

Dee. 10. 31 J 




Feb. iff. J 07 



Dec. 10. J 14 


II • fj 



Feb. 13 J 3 11 

J 14* jij- 


li C D F D G f H-R E tr\ 

• InilK 



d^crwi, WtAcKMi 



trMfilm tfd,, S 


Chronobgical lilies. 








of 360 Days. 






















Ptolemy's Canon. 

The years in it are of 365 DaysJ 








09 <^ 

KM* • 

GO • 










^ 'n 




' g 

" 1 




481 i3:Feb. 18:318 
; 42 H.Feb. 11:3*2 
• 37 i5-'Fcb. 7.3*» 
31 16: Feb. a- 333 
17: Jan. 18:339 
18. Jan. 11:344 
19 'Jan. 
10 i Jan. 
II; Jan. 




















14 •Dec. 21* lo 
15-: Dec. 17* If 
16. Dec. 1 1 ; II 

17 \ Dec. 6 . 16 

18 • Dec. I * 31 

28 : 319' 29: Nov. 26^ 36 

29 * 324^ 3o*Nov.2o: 41 

30 [318 3r.Nov.i>. 47 

31 * 313 31 'Nov. 10 ^ fx 
31 : 308 33: Nov. 5"* f7 

33 -.303 34:0^-3o-' ^3 

34 . ^91 IS . Oa, If . 68 
3f '291 36 '061.20 72 
36 1287 37:0a. If * 78 

37 ;282 38;06t. 9: 84 

38 ' 275 39*06t. 4, 89 

39 '171 4o'Scpt.i9'^ 94 

40 : 166 41 : Sept.24*'' 99 

7?^ a 

H< ^ cr f% 


ui o .^ 2, 

3M'|32t>|Dc<^- 9:7^ 

33^pcc. 9, 317 

34>|Dec. 9 318 

$T^P^<^' 9' 319 

36p3lDec. 8: 320 
3io|37XjPec. S. 311 



38 Spec. 8 
















3 T^pcc 

4 5'Dec. 
f w|dcc. 

6?; Dec. 6: 331 

7 8^€c. f; 331 

8g=^Dec,f, 333 

9a-;DeCo f 334 

logjDec. f: 33f 

iiaPcc. 4; 336 

i2g'Dec.>, 337 

13C0JDCC. 4- 338 

Dec, 4.' 339 

Dec. 3: 340 

Dec. 3, 341 

Dec. 3* 341 

I^ec- 3' 343 





B C D F D 

H K 

H K 

4 In ^^s jid year he returned to theKing> ^eh, xlii. f. And after that he came^ack 
tojfrnjalem, and didthofe things which follow in his Book. 

* ITS, Whereas the Years of Daniel in this Column for the general part of them 
end pn Decnnier the 51ft, yet this doth not by realbn that the nrft Day of J^uu^ry 
begins it ; apd confequenily it borrowing no iupernumerary days from the precedUig 
Year, as that ended on December the 31 ft, thence it cometh to pals that the twenty 
lecondtand twenty third of Daniers 48 3 Years now before us do both of them run into t^ 
four hnndrcd and twenty founh Jmiian Tear in Col. C. So again in the Year befo(M 
(hrjf I j^» vk| other Years alfo cher^ore no^d in leller fi^ei« 

Chronological Tables'. 

8 c 

• VII W«ki «ftn the loih of ARTAXERXES -, wberdn lerordinB to*^« Pmf 
Si^;? ; o« «Jy hwX nn W ber 3lllT aUi. bans 1'™""'-'--'° '^"'"'-^ 

(V copudccdj finilbcd'. 

Chronological TabUs 



Ptolemy's Canon. 




rhe years 






Apr. 14 















374 3" > 



Apr. 9 





37! 3' S 

b. 373 




Apt. 3 









33 S^ 


377 34 « 







34 S 


378 3! g 





Mar. 19 





379 36 « 








36 S 


380.37 S 





Mar. 8 





38.38 = 





Mar. 3 










Feb. 16 



39 1 


38340 a 





Feb. a. 




Nor. 11 

38441 S. 




Feb. ,; 










Feb. 10 








Feb. ; 



NoT.ll . 

38' 44 J 





an. 31 



Nov.zi ■ 






Jan. 15 




Nov.11 . 






an. 10 




Mov.ii : 


t q1 





an. ij 


390 ; 






an. 10 



























Jl^ : 







Dec. 14 










Dec. 9 










Dec. 4 























400 1, a-1 
4or 11 g,l 











Nov. 8 











.4 b. 






Nov. 2 





IPS lOj 









I Of 








io{) i>8?,iQI 






19 , 











Z Sec note * in p. ti?. 

Cbrmobgkdl tables'. 









b. 309 



of jfio Dayi. 














6s— ,; 




Oa. !: 





Sep. 11. 








Sep. 1. 
Sep. «: 




Aug.31 : 








Aug.ii : 











Aug. !: 



ol. 31J 



ul. 16. 




ul. 10. 




.«i. is: 



ul. 10 ■ 




d. s; 







Jun. 14 ■ 




Jun. 19 




un. 14 




Jnn. 8 















May 18 




May 13 
May 8 






May 3 




Apr. 17 



Apt. 21 




Apr. 17 



141 -Ajw. 11 

Ptolemy's Canon. 



1" ; 


Chrmologkd Tables. 



Ptolemy's Canon. I 


of 360 Di 





= : 

! :^ 

b. 30J 1 

142; 96 143 :S] 

304 1 

I4j: 90 144:*: 


144: ed 145:1" 


145 ■ 8° 146: M 


I46-- 7s!i47:M 
147 - 69 148: M 


148: 64149:" 
149- 59, ISO-M 


150: j-4^ijrF. 
■51- 43 I53F' 

153: sv't'E' 






154- 33 ISS fi 

'Si: '■r,'s6:>' 


1,6: '2].57:Ji 













161 .'3 

163 -D 

J. 185 




1*4:3 ; 




166: D 



167: D„. _ 



i<i8: N0V.26 











170 : 3 



J. 277 

171:3 ) 

172; Nov. J 



"71:3 1 




173 a ! 




174:1 1 



I7T;1 I 




176 :i . 

177:0a. 10 






i78;Oa. s 


B C 

D F 

D G 


H K 1, H K ' 

Chrmobpcal TMs. 










I '3" 
B C 

of 360 Dtys. 

= if 

29: *$? 
80. tfii 
81 : is*s 

84. 140 

187; 115 
[88- 1.19 

,94:. M 

96; «77 

97": in 


or. I SI 

j3i_ 146 
;03| 141 

,104: i3f 

zoj: 130 

■106: iif 

207 : no 

' .08; 114 

09: 109 

10: 104 

11; 99 


? ;^g:| 

i8o:Sept.z4: 9^ 
l8i:Sept.i9: 104 
[8i:Sept.i4: 109 
i83:Scpt. 9:1.4 
i84-.Scpt. 3: iio 
i89:Aug. 8: 1. 
190: Aug. 3; I 

193:3111. 18:1 
'94:Iul- >3:" 
i9y:jal. 8:1 
1901JUI. f.i 
I98:jun.2i: i 
f99-.Jun. 17:1 

D F P 

203 '■ May 17 : 1 


105 '■ May \6 : 1 

io6:May 11:1 

Joj-May 6:1 

108: Apr. 30;] 

109: Apr. 15:3 


ii:Apr- 9- 

'3-Apr. 4;: 

G F 


18 E Oa.19: 



,_ Iip0a.l8: 


487*40 Oft. 17 




491 >9 Oft. 16 : 
493 30 Oft. i6 ■ 

49431 oa.i6; 

49531 Oft-ij: 
496'33 = 
497 34 Oaiy: 
49835- Oft-ij: 
499'36 Oft. 14= 
50037 Oft. 14= 
501I38 Oa.i4 = 
SOI It) Oft. 14: 
f04 3rO'^-^3- 
;o5U[!Oft.4 = 

507. = 
UN JO Oft. 11 = 

" Oft. 11: 

i09| 5 

510, 93v;>.i...x- 


Cimwitpctd Tailtt. 



Ptolemy's Canon. 


of 5<So Days. 

rbcYcars in it areof jfi5Daj'» 

: ? S--. ^ 













i.+r 8, 
i.j: 7I 




h. 1,3 

f'f i4Eoa. 10 




iitf: 71 

*'*':Mar. p- 198 

;>' "fff' 



117: tf? 

yiy i«S 



118: <fi 

»;9:Mir. 4^30, 

fi8,i7 i.„ 

f'9 >few 

b, 219 

lip: S7 

"o:Feb. 17^309 

;i9"8E i.19 

fio ipC 


110: j-i 


f»ol9p 1.15 

f 11 log 




***:Feb. 16:319 

fll log a. 19 


111: 41 

"3: Feb.. 1:314 

yiiiiir i.ij, 



11 J : jfi 

»+:F.b. 6:3,0 

if! 11 5 i.i8 


11+: JO 


!)•■♦■!? 1.18 



iif: If 

!r»ri4 i. 18 


lid: 10 


?■«,■? ».i8 



b. «i 

117: If 


•t ». "7 




118; p 



•g »..7 



S«s: 4 
^ij-;: 360 

»J»:D«:. 3?: ' 





j,i:Dcc.i6: «, j-3o 

♦ 1 *.'7 




i3, ,1 j-ji 

{, J. .6 




i,4:Dec.ij-: ,7 fji 

«5 »..« 

fjj ; 




m:DEC.,o: „{ „, 

7 F i. i< 
8C H.16 

f3+ ' 


i,6:D«r. J- 17; J-J4 

73? ! 

b. 11 J 


ijTiNoT-ip: ,,' nr 
i,fe:No7.H: ,1 „6 

9> a. If 




fJ7 ' 


»39:No^'.i9- 43' j-37 
i4o:Noi'.i+: ^i ^38 






b. lop 


141: Nov. 8- fV J-3P 


oa. 14 

f+0 '■ 



141: Nov. 3: j-9,f40 



f+' ': 



i4,rOa.i9: 64 

"■ i'J 

oa. 14 




144:0a. 14: 69 

Hr-oa.ig: jf 

«* I« 

oa. .4 

5^43 ': 

,. 10^ 




f44i 1 


i46:Oa.i,: 80 
147:0a. S: 8f 

1» "^ 


J"4J'i : 



!«!• 'B 




148 .Oa. 3: po 

»' !|- 


f47 ; 

b. 101 


149 :Sep. 17 : 96 

rt7 ♦?■ 




>24 ChrmekgiciU Ttiks. 

■J~j; D FDG^^HSl.^ill. 

ChrojKbgicai TaileS'. 



ANIEUS Years 1 

Ptolemy's Canon. 


of 360 Days. 

Theycarsiniiareot 365 Days 











18 J : Mar. 11. 18 J 

58375 3 oari 

!8,17goa. 3 


t.' i(Ss 




186 :Mar.i7:i90 



187 ;M«r.:i>9l 
183 Mar. 7-300 

58!.8^oa. 3 




fssisgoa. 3 

5881. 1 




189 Mar. 1 ■ 30^, 

s8,.o|oa. 1 




s88ii;;oa, 1 





191 ;Fcbr.i9-3'o 

5891120a. 1 

590 13 X 




191 ■Febr.i4-3*' 

59013 poa 1 

591 '4 n 

b. JS7 



193 -Fcbr. 9:3^7 

59ii400a. 1 





ip4-Febr. j:33^ 

59iiJSOa. I 

5,316 a 





ipjrjan. 19:337, 

196 Jan. 14; 341 

197 iJan. .9.34S 

59!i«"oa. 1 

5941.7 a oa. I 








198. Jan. n.3i3 
199: Jan. 8:3iS 



597 30" 




597 30 

Sept. 30 





JO,: bee. a,: 3 






301: Dec. 13: 9 



Coo 33 




303: Dec. iS: '4 








304:Dec.i3: 19 
30; -Dec. 8; M 











b. I4J 



3o«:Dec. 1; Jo, 








307.N0v.17. JSJ 








3w8;Nov.ii. 40 








Sc^lNov.r/.' 4Sl 



sept .18 


>. 141 



310-Nov.ri: si) 









3irNov. d- J« 









311- Nov. I ■ 61 

Gi • 








31^0^.17: 66, 

6 ■ 






314:0^.11: 71 








jij:Oa 16: 77 



6.3!" 5 




3-<; 81 

6 ; 




11 rt; 



317.0a. 6. 87 

« 1 






ji8-Sepc.3o; 9J 

« ; 






2«7 9^ 

6 i 

14- Scpt.15 



'3' 1319:161 

Jio:Sept.iQ: loj 


1; Scpt.iS" ^iS'iS 



• S« 

«o««lnp. 117. 


Chrm»kghi4 X4Us^ 



OS- 3" 


fe. up 







b. n7 





k 105: 



HH lol 

^ 100 






D^ANll^L'S Years 

of j&aDays. 


= 3- 



2 10; 115 

. :*'^« 



311: Sept, 15 
3ii:Sqpt, 9 
323: Sept. 4 
3ir Aug, 25 
.316: A^g. 19 

317: Aug. 14 
1.31a* Aug. 9 
318: 115 .319' Aug. 4 
319:2101 330'- Jul. 19 
330^194 331 -Jul X4 
331:199 331 -Jul. 19 

33^'iP4.333:J»^ >4 

334:183 335: lul. 3 
335:178 336:Jun. 28 
337: Jon. 13 
338:Jun. 17 
339:Jun. II 
34o:Jui]. 7 
34i:Juij. ^ 
342;iVtey 17 
343 : May 11 





J41 : 141 

?43:i36lJ44;M«y »7 
344 ni 345:M»y.ri 

346: May. 6 

347 '. May I 
34B:Apr. 26 
349: Apr. 21 
350: Apr. IS 
351: Apr. lo 
94 3 51: Apr. 5 

89 353.^^r- 31 
84 3 54: Mar. 25; 

78 355.' Mar. lo 

344; 13^ 




350^; 99 


iTheyears in it are of jfi^P^s}^ 

























& € D 

F D 





















•• - 


. a- 





3 73Sppt.23:6aO 


6 3 Scpt.ii -69.9 

7 CO $cpt.ia • ^30 
19' $ept.2i-6|2 


3 0Sept.2i;635 

5 2Sept,io;637 


7 Sept 10 '63 9 

8^ Sept. 19: 640 

9 O Sept. 19:641 

ol^ Sept. ^9^*: 642 


2 ^ 







Sept. 18:644 
Sept.i8 :646 

Sept. 17; 648 

Sept. 17:649 
Sept.! 7 [650 

Scpt.i 7 r6s^» 

Sept. 16; 652 


H K 

20 2; 






I »T3 











H K 

CiHremh^cd tatlet'. 


' <— 



1 "' 

X.n H 


: 3 



, -^n 


• 94 


b. 93 

in, ■ H 

* 91 

!f8 : r; 

' 9' 

;j«» : 47 

K 89 

S»« , !« 


!«! : !1 

. 9« 

3«J : " 

b, 8f 


3«7.. .6 


5«S- ,■ 

b". 81 

,«,? . 

' 80 

S7«S » 

!?■ ^srt 

' 'S 

17» :3+» 



^ n 

374 :!39 


37r :33! 


b. 7j 

37S .3.8 


379 ijti 


380 -.307 

1 70 

38" :3«' 

b, 6, 

38. :ij7 

; 68 

383 :>»> 

: «, 


: t6 

;38; iiSi 

\ Of 

138<S :.7« 


|3Bj :>7o 


385 ■■Li,.. 


■3«S :'<9 

b. «i 

39° ;ifS 

Chremhgical TahUf, 



Ptolemy's Canos^J 

a n ; 

of }6o Days. 

'cais in itareof jti^Days.] 

s i 1 








391 .149 

J9i:sept, 7'Ti3 


11 C 



393:Sepr. i:,ii 

68911-scpt. 7:690 


393 ■ i3» 


69oi30StpI. 7:«s.i 


b. S7 



691 14^ Sept. 6:691 





69iifH;Sept. 6:&3 

16 K 


396 -.xi-l 


693 16 w Sept. (S:^4 



398.Aug. T.147 

«94.7-Sept. 6:69! 


!>■ S3 


399. Aug. 1.153. 

69j» y-f: 




uL 11 . lOil 

ul. ,7 : 168 

5^'- '^SJ 



400 ; lOJ 


401 : 

gj;: ?;§^ 



401 : 191 
403 : 186 


ul. 11:174 
ul. 6.170 

699 4:700 

700 , 4:701 



40s : ul- I: "84 

,oi| 4:70. 





701 ' 4:703 


Sp. 4! 



703 ■ 3 :704 


407 : i6r 


704 i 3:705 




409: iin.iO:io5 

70S.I 3:706 

7o«i: 3:707 




410; un. 5:iio 

b. 4. 



7071 J :70s 
70«r 1:709 
7091 1:710 



4H :i44 








to '134 


7101, 1:711 


b. 37 


41 J : May 9. .137 


. 1:711 




4i6:May 4:141 

I, 1:713 



4i7:Apr. 19:147 


I i:7'4 






I r;7'S 


b. 33 


4i9;Apr. i8:is8 


I \\-1i6 




4io:Apr. 13:163 
4it:(^pr. B:i68 




410: 97 


I |i-.7i8 

, 30 

411: 91 
tii; 87 

4U:Apc. 3:173 



1 (t:7i9 


b. =9 





413; 8« 


[0:71' - 



414 i 76 




4ir- 7' 



_ JO -713 

s . 

« S 

-p F 


G If 


K t- H 


Chronological Tabks. 




of 360 Days. 

ac ' 

: 2: 


5" t 

: 3 

«5' * 



4m • 





M > 






• 60 


• rr 



.• f <^ 



. 4f 

431 . 

4? I 

' 39 



* 34 


4? 5; 

• ^9 



. »4 






* «3 

437 : 


. 8 




. 3 


440 . 




441 ; 



44* . 


























45-1 • 

45-1. • 



OKI 2 s^ 

w •1 





1 ^ 


Mar. 7 ,3oc> 

Mar. 2 •'30^ 
Feb. 25- .'3 10 

Feb. 20; 3 If 
Feb. If'. 311 
Feb. 9' $i6 
Feb. 4-'33» 
Jan. 30;33<^ 
Jan. 2f,34» 
|an. 19' 347 
Jan. 14- 3f* 
Jan. 9* If? 



2^ • 

Dec. 24* 
Dec. 19: 

Dec. 14 
Dec. 8- 
Dec. 3: 

N0V.18 . 


N0V.23 . 
Nov. 17* 4f 
Nov, 1 2.' fo 
Nov. 7; ^f 
Nov. 2 60 

•*oa, 27.* 6^ 



Ptolemy's Canon 

TheYears in it are of 3650175 



















*«« Hi.* 
















747 1*9 





















Aug- 14 








/T7 -y 

744 26 



H K 

♦ There being a Decree of AUGUSTUS Cscfar, that Regifters fliould be made of the 
. Names and Effaces of all the Subjefts of the Roman Empire ; Ltth II. U 2. in order to 
> this* Jtfeph with Mary his betrothed Wife camefrom their dwelling Place, at Nazareth m 
5 Galilee, to 'Bethlehem in JudMa, where they were k>rn i fiiey being of the lineage of Da- 
vid, and that being iheSeat of his Family. Lmk. II. 4. ()ft this occafion it was that our 
! Saviour was born there this Year t and that oD>Dffi zf. according t(^ the Churches ?c- 

<ount. From htnce we reckon the years of the true Age of CHU^^ST, 
J Detore the Paflbver of this 3d year befftrethe Vulgar iEra, dyed fferod the great, 
having firft flaughtered the Infant at 'Bethlehem, and then his own Son jintipaterMiom 
he had defigned for his Heir He dyed in the utmoft degree of torment and mifery ; 
leaving 3 Sons, between whom his Dominions were divided by ^a^nfins toward the 
middle of this Year. His Son ArcheUut was made Tetrarch of Jndaa and Samaria -, 
Herod jfnfipas of Galilee and Peraa i and Philip of Itttrea, Trachonitis, and Lyjaniat*s 
Ayilene* Jofephi^s i^epello Judaic© J. a i. & II. i. Jof, Amiq. XV11« lOi fifi $• 


Chronological Tables. 

of 360 Days. 


79: *^7 

81; 156 
184.. 140 


















,101 146 


704: '3f 
|ios: 130 
;zo6: iij- 
J07 : no 



? r *a B: Ji 

i8o:Sc[>i.i4: 9^ 
[8t:Sept.i9: 10^ 
j8i:Sept.i4: 109 
i83:Sept. 9: 114 
i84:Scpt. 3: uo 
i89:Aug. 8-.i>7 
190: Aug. 3:,i]l 
i9i:Jul. i9:i'f, 
ipiMul. 13: !(. 
193OUI. i8:i( 
'94-.U1. n:i* 
i9j:Jul. 8:r 
196 1 ul. 2: it' 
, un. 21; 11 
I un. 17:14, 
un. fi'.ir , 

109: 1091110 




48s -r 

486 13 > ^^ io 

487 14 O Od.17 

49017^ Oa.17: 

AoiiQ oa. 16: 

491 19 1>J«. ^o 

---- oa.i6 

<B ^ «: 

;goa.i9: . 
,/roa.ip: , , 

1950a. 19: . 

loi^Oa.iS: , 

iixoa.18-. , 

Oa!i8: 487 

Oa. 16 : 



oa.15: 490 

Oa.ij: 497 


May 17 : 1 ' « 
;Mayi6-.i I,' 
May 11:1 V 
;May 6;i'i ,] 
: Apr. 30:1 )| 
Apr. 20: 1 
:Apr- 9:1 
-.Apr. 4:3 

49033 '-'Ll.15' 

49734 oa.15-; 

499 36 oa. 14' 

50037 Oa.a4= 

SOI138 oa.14; 

SOI i'T3 0a.i4: 
f04 3pOa.i3. 
5°'' < J2»'S' 

,06 s@oa..j-. 

5071 OlnOilii: 

io8 7g.oa...- 

509 8 £05.... 

510 9H0in..»! 

C F 

H K 

Chronohgicsl Tables. 


b, 119 



of 160 Days. 

( :"85" 

117: 67 
lip: n 



i+C :t8a 

^1-^7 f 


i'8:M»r. s 
^•P:Mir. 4 
"°: Feb. 17 

"^ Jim. 31 

"*:Jan. i« 
"9:580. 10: 

'*!?■>"■ s- 

»3':D«. 91 
i3i:Dee. i6' 
133: Dec. 10: 
i36:Dec. f^ 
139: Nov. 19 
140: Nor. 14 
141: Nov. 8 
141 : Nor. 3 '' 
143 :Oa. 19 : 
144:0a. 14: 

i4d:0a. ij 
147 ;Oa. 8 
148:0a. 3 
149 ;Sep. 17 

ProLEMv's Canon. 

TbeYcars in it areof jSuDajt 




'°- ''I 



2=:fiS i8„ 

19: fio ipC 

19: yiiio^ 

'9: /"j-iO 

'5- j^f *+• 

18: j.,«a. 





■7; f3° 

+ T 

'7; J-Ji 




*:r;fj7 "'3 


If: f!9 >J 

'+: f+o '+ 

>♦:«■ If 

i+: f4i i<S 

'*■■ «3 "7_ 

'3: f44j '3 

'!■ ««| 3:i- 


Chromlcgical TaHes. 

Chrmolagicai Tablei. 


1 J 


Ptolemy's Canon. 


of jito Day*. 

Theiyearsioicareot jiSj Days. 





i |-=li:| 



18 J :Mar.xi.a8s 

- ianilsjij^ 

b. i<Se 





, . .^5a. 3' 585183 



187 :M»r.:i>9S 

188 Mar. 7 '3^ 

S8si8r0ft. 3- 586i9r 


(S6,^MOa. 3: 58710^ 
587io|oa. i: (SSliS 

b. i6t 



189 Mar. i-30<5 



2.90 :Febr.i4-3"! 

sSSii^IOa i; 589", 




191 Febr-i? 3"5, 

589 11 1 Oa. 1; 590 13 1 




191 -Febr-U^B*' 

S9oi3FOa. 2: 59U4P 
S9ii4bOa. t: ;92>iO 

b. ijj 



193 -Fcbr. 9:317 





i.94:Fcbr. 3:331, 

59iisSOa. 1. 593H53; 


195: Jan. 19:337. 

59417304 ■: 59,183 




Its Jan. 14-341 
197: Jan. 'P:^^ 

b. isi 


59!i8:»,Scpt.3o: 5961950 


198. Jan. i3,3S3 

199. Jan. 8.358 

59619* ■ 59730 




597 30 ■ 59831 



50c Dec. 2,- 3 

598'3i ; ;993' 




3oi:Dcc.»3- 9 

59931 : 60033 




303: Dec. 18: '4 

6CO33 ; 601 





304: Pec. 13: 19 
30s ■ Dec. 8 : 14 

60134 . 601 





60135 . 603 

b. I4J 



306 Dee. 1: 30, 

1 3 . 604 




3 JO 

3Q7,No«.i,7. JS 

ic : 605 




308: Nov.11 : 40 

3!; : «o6 

4! ■ 607 




309;Nov.r;: 4s\ 





310-Nov.w: St 

SS : 608 





311- Nov. d; S6 

6„ : 609 





311- Nov. I ■ 6' 

7C : 610 





3ij:oa.i7: 66 

85 : 6,1 





314:0^.11: 71 

9^ ; tfll'loff 




jiS:Oa n5: 77 

■op : 6,3.15 




3.«.0a.ii: 81 

iiS ''. 61' 




317,0a. 6, 87 





3i8Sept.3o; 9) 

13- ■ 616 




a<7 9S 

u' ■'■ 617 





3io:Sept.iO' "oj 

15 ''- 618 


* Set NuK 'inp. 117. 

ajz ExfUndtionsoftbeforegoingTablesl 

whereas^ befides cbefe 105 (iays> there remain ado ftom Aptil iftb 
to die end of diac J^boM year> tbcfe go jpco che i^coofi year of jhe : 
483 ; and the Number two is therefore placed before the 260 in 
Ihe fecood line of that Table. 

The two Columns marked F, F, contain in every line the two 
Numbers of dm which divide the 365 days of the Juhm year in 
the beginning of that line, between thoie two of Danieh 483 year3 
which are in the very fame line in the Qjlumns D, D, above 
mentioned. Of thefe two Numbers of days in every line it is to 
be always remembred^ that the firft Number begins on the firft day 
of Jamarjy and the (econd ends with the laft oT December^ exc^ 
before excepted : But bcfideS) 

Whereas in the Column over the letter G there is iet dowo 
the month and day on which every one of DamfSi years be* 
gins, it is to be underftood that the next foregoing year end« 
on the month and day next before it. As for example ; The firft 
J}aJMps year beginning ocLAfril 21 in the Julian year 445, it 
has with that and the laft olDtcemkr 255 days out of thztJuSMt year j 
and this firft Damets year wanting yet lof days of its ^6oy it has 
(hefe out of the J^«£4» year 444 before Chriji, beginning at ^^trnv- 
^y 1, and ending April 15 th. This appears in the Column 
over G : for there on A^U 16 begins the fccond Banieh year- * 
This (econd year has from April 16 to the laft of December in- 
^Ii^Gvely, the Number therein noted, of ^6o days out of that Ju^ 
ian year^ and thefe are made up 360 by adding 100 out x^ th^ 
yaban year 443 ; in which year they b^in at January \» and end 
iff. April loth in that year. Then on Aprn 11 begins the 3d ^ 
year, and taking in that day with all that follow to the end of 
December, it has 2^5. days out of that Julian year 442 : which 
IsTumber being to be made up 360, . therefore that third year has 
other 95 days out oF the yutian year 442, beginning JaHuaty 1^ 
and ending on the 5th day of April which appears by the next day^ 
w%. April ($ch beginning the 4th of the 48.3 years. . And that 4tb 
« year^oes on, and ib do a^ that follow^ in like manner with tho/e 
above mentioned. 

NB. In every line the two Numben of Days in the Columjje 
F, F. being added together make up the Number 3^5 in a com* 
cion Julian year, and 36<i» in a Biflextile : But as to the 3^0 day$ 
pf any QfI>4»/^/*syears^they are made up of the Number of days in 
the' 2a Column F in the fame line^ adaing thereunto the Number . 
9f xlays in the tft Column F, in the line next below it. 

In every line of the 2d fet of Tables, the two Numbers of day^ 
|a the Columns F, F, being added together znake up the Numbeij;. 
pf 3^0 days for the Daniets year in the beginning of the line : i^ut 
}^ )?o the 365 dajfs qf a commoq JuHan year, or th^ 3^6 of a BiA 
f$xcile, fhey ^ xoa^e ^p of th^ Number of days in the 2d Columii 




Of the FormnfTear iffedm this^ropheey. '>3 j 

F» where that Juttan begins, adding thereunto the Number of Dtoy^ 
in the ift Column F^ in the line next bdow it, 

Of the years in Ptolemy's Canon more needs not^fitkjn 
than that every one of thoie years that are mentioned in the two 
firft Columns over the firft H and K muft be accounted to bq^ 
with the ift of January in that JuUan year that f^ands in the b^io- 
ning of the line, and lo to be concurrent with the fame 5^/^. .year 
until the next "Tkoth ; that is, till that Month and day wWch in the 
&me line is placed in the Column over L. And that fame month 
^d day begins thofe two following years in the two Columns over 
the 2d H and K : which laft t\yo years run on to the end of the 
yU$Mt in that line ^ and afcer that they are continued wich the next 
yuUaff year in the following line, from it$ ift of January till the 
next Tbothy as is above mentioned. 

'» 'W 

C H A p. XV- 

Concerning the Form of Tear^ fy which the Tears 
of this Prophecy are to be reckoned. 

HAving in the former Chapter aflerted the Year of the Prophecy 
now before us to be a year of three hundred and fixty days, 
and havmg alfo thereby framed our Calculation of the fivm 
'weeks andpxty tivo nveeks, after nvhich the Meffiah *was to be cut affy 
it remains that we now juftifie fuch Calculation, by (hewing that 
this muft neceflarily have been the form of year by wMch we are 
to reckon in this Prophecy. 

And in general it appears moft likely to have been (b, as this was 
the common Form of year \is*d in that age, and in the Country 
where Daniel Wd when this Prophecy wasgiv'n. 

But at that time it is certain that the Eaftern Nations had a Rec^n 
koning of known, and common ufe among them of jufl: thirty days 
to a month; and of twelve fuch equal months confifted their year : 
which was therefore of juft three hundred and fixty days. It doth 
not appear that in DaniePs time there was any other fort of year in 
Common (a) Ufe, (or in ufe among the people) in any part of the 
World. And perhaps this was the only kind ot year that had theij 
been any where in common ufe fince the Creation:— —To flicw thfc 
more particularly, . . * 


(tf) The lUader may be pleas'd to noce'tfrlne I tuyw (a7* ai I fpeiOe -hei^t bf a year in 
Comrnan yi«.— ^I deny not but that at the dme when the Prophecy was giv'n to Dsnie^ 
there had been introduced alio an Artificial year> or a year of an intevtahry fortiy 
Which however "^ knpwn ooly among the "LtuuiA : gif wh^ch ojor^ bemfcer. 

Chhndlogical TahUs. 

I, ,l,o 168 

fo:irt 171 ,^ 

r»-'*l '73 :""'"*■■'" 
fi:ij8 »74:"*)"P-»*7 
4 MiVW- "•?'«;>!> 
,f;i»8 i76;Miy 9:137 

,,..1,7 ,78!Apr.i8:i4S 
,8;..« •79:*P''!:'f! 
,e :i07 i8o;Api. I8:if8 

J„;.0. ,8. :Af.1>;"«4 

3, ; 96 i8i:Apr. 7:1*9 
,: 183; Apr. - 

iM.i ,oa. » 
\Z 1; pa. 8 
,s, .4 oa. J 

i.oO«. 7 

iSoa. 7 
,^oa. 7 
Jgoa. 6 


1:1 oa. 6 

7xoa. < 

poa. ; 

900a. , 
,„ ii|oa. , 
nS,,5oa. , 

j-go ij ■ ,0« 

f8i 14 !oa 


Ckrmohgicai "table!. 


■ i- 

ANIEL'S Years 

Ptolemy's Canon. 


of 3(So Days. 

The'ycars in icare ot 31S5 DaySi 

^ ■ 3 

'00 " ■ a 

1 1 


\ ;l 


■ H 


i :-5: 

18 J : Mar. 21. 18? 





' ■ 7S 




1 : 70 

187 :Mar.:i>9I 

188 Mar. 7-300' 




1 ; 6s 




b. i«i 

! , & 

189 Mar. rS"^ 


3 . J4 

190 :Fcbr.i4-3'i! 

jooti wet I 


590 13 X 


1 . 49 

191 ;Fcbr-ip:3«6 

589 "Sog- 1 


' . 44 

191 ■Febr.i4:3^' 

59013 poa. 2 

591 Mp 

b. .S7 

> : 39 


S9ii4bO«- > 


' ■ 33 

Z94-Fcbr. j:33i 

59115 soa. 1 



1 : a 

19J :Jan. z9:337, 

59ji6Woa. t 
594 '■730a. I 

594" g 
595 "0 


\ '. )l 

196 Jan. :t4:34i 
=97 Jan. .9;M8 

b. ijj 




198. Jan. 11.313 
199. Jan. 8:3S^ 



5 ; 7 



S »S9 ■ 1 

•500 Jan. 3: H 
joi-Dee. 2y 3 



30'! 357 

loi-Decjj- 9 




303 : Dec. 18: '4 




IJ03 ■ 346 

304: Dec. 13: 19. 

JOS: Dec. 8: M 






' .« 



3o5.Dec. i: Jo 





307.Noifj.7. JS 




307 ; 315 

308: Nov.11 . 40 




308 , 310 

309;Nov.r;: 4J) 





3io'Nov.ii ■ ii 




310 : 309 

in- Nov. 6- fS 





311; Nov. 1= <S« 





3ij:Oa.l7= <56 



b. 137 


314:0^.11 : 71 


10 s 



irs:Oa 16: 77 

613!" H 



3(6.oa.n; 81 




317.0a. 6 87 





3i8-Scpc.3o: 9) 




13(8. 2«7 

3i9:Scpt.ij- 98 







F H K 






Pto^^Mty's ClUAlT, 

of jdaDa)^. 





. ° * 






j — 








3«;S<^)t, 9:114 




■ i>8. 


31?- Sept. 4-II9 




■ 117 


3l4:Aog, 301114 














11 M 



317- Aug. 14' 140 





317 -110 

,318; Aug. 9^145 




318:1151319- Aug. 41^0 



1). HI 

319:1101330- Jul. i9-ls(i 



16 S 


|3jo:io4 331-JuL 14:161 



331:199 J31;J»1- 'Sii^ 




33»-iM 333:Jul- iifi7i 
'33 *, 334 .Jul- S '77 




). 117 




■ Il6 

33-t '*3 33!: »>■ r'81 
335:178, 33<: ™-i8:i87 




! "' 




33«:17! 337: »n- 13:191 




338: un. 17:198 




■ III 


339; un- ";iO) 
340: un. 7:108 



• III 







341; HD, i;iij 






34i:Majr 17:119 





343; May 11:114 






344:May 17:119 












34<S.May, «:i4o 






347. May 1:145- 






348. Apr. i6".ijo 






349.'Apr. »r:isf 






jjo.Apr. is:z6i 





3so: ^9 

3ji:Apr. io".i66 




3S1. 94 

jjz.-Apr. 5-171 




3!i: 89 

jjj.Mar. 31-17^ 




|J. 97 

3!3. 84 

jj4,Mar. 1^ = 181 





35-t: 78 

3JS. Mar. 10^187 




ChroT^oh^fd Table f. 


of 360 

L's Years 


Ptolemys Canon. 

The Years fn it are of 3()5 Days 






















ft c 


3^9? , 6 .370 

^g 37» =349 JZ3 

7^ 3?3':344 374 

77 374 5339 J7f 

7<5 37r-333 3'<^ 

7f 37<J.'3»S )77 

74 377^-3^3 J78. 

73 37& -3^8 ?79 

7» 379 '3^^ ?S^ 
71 ;38o :307 3^1 

70 381. :3«* 3^^ 
69 :|38a . :i4^7 383 

68 J383 ;z9> 38^ 

€6 385- :28< lU 
<5^ 138^ ^a.76; }87 

64. 13891 1*70 388 
63 388 Ja<^5: 389 
61 13851 :i^o ,39.^ 
61)390 :2f5l39' 

D F D 

• f^ 3 

; 85 ^ 

iMaV. I a 
: Mir. 4 
: Feb. ij. 
: Feb. 11 
: F^. 1 7. 
:Fjeb. 12 
iFtfb. 6 
:Fpb. I 

:J^n'. 12. 
: J^tt. 16 
; Jan. II, 
:Jan. 6 






C fa 









»97' <^f4 
303 5fr 
308 65-6 

313 dn 

318 5^8 

324 6^9 

319 6i5o 











: I>ec. 2 1 
: 009.16 
:Pcc. f 
:Npv.3Q; 3^ 
:Nav^2jp. 37 
;]^qv,20; 45 
: 1^47,14.; 4^ 

.:NaV|. 4. S9 
.:P(a.i30j 63 
: 0(9:., 24: 69 
:pa:.;i9: 74C 
. :0(Jl^i4*.79 
/.oa, 9,: 8^ 

loa., J, 90, 

•Sej>.>8; 9f 

(S4>#11 ;lIO 









23 H 

24 O 

25' r^ 
26 Pi 

»7 2 

28 v^ 


go . 

31 c/> 



34 w 







Sept. 1 6 :<5y4 

Sept* 16 :6cc 

Sept. If!: 65-6 

Se^t.14 :66o 
$ept. 14: 66 1 
5cpt.i4 -663 \li?^ 

13 H 



28 . 


678 {ii 






687 l2o 
H K 

Sept* 1 3 ".664 
Sept. 1 3': 666 
SepM3 -.667 


■ * . • 

I o Sept. I a: 1669 

2»MiSephi2 :670 
3 03<^t:i2:67i 
Sq)^*i.i :'6'jz 
Sept.! I. :67 3 
Sept..! 1^674 
19* |Sept.mi678 

S^iiQ :679 

12. Sept* 9;68o 
135 Sqit* 9:681 
Sejet^ 9«,f68i 
S^. 9 1683 
S<;pt. 8 1684 
S^pt. 8;68f 
Sept. 8 ;686 
Sept. 8 :68 
Sept. 7 :(5S 









• ^O 





f i 











ChrnutogUal TaiUtl 



Ptolemy's Canon^^ 


of 3 (So Days. 

The years 


: Z 

E : B 





39' :149 

39* .sept. 7;tis 


Sept 7:«9o 



391 -I'M 

393.Sepr. i.m 



393 ■ 13? 

394.Aug.18. 116 


Stpl. -iMt 


fe- S7 



691142 Sept. 0:091 




396. Aug., 7. ,37 

691 If X 

&ept. 0;0Q3 
Sept. 6 44 



396 :«J 


693 16 » 



398. Aug. 7.147 


Sept. 6 169^ 

b. 53 


395,.Aug. i.isj 





ul. 11.163) 
111. ijIiOS 


- 5« 


400 : 101 
4DI : 197 

401 : 






ul. 11:174 
ul. 6.179 





4o4: 181 

40s: bI. I: '84 





406: un.i6:i89 



». 4S 


407: ini.iO:i9S 




4o7 : i6r 

408: un. ij;ioo 

3 -705 




409: HU.lOilOI 





410: UD. S;llO 



k 4. 



















b. 37 

414 : '19 

41s: May 9:137 





4i6:May 4:14> 








417:" J 



'9 a. 

b. 33 


4i9:Apr. 18:158 









4J0-: P7 

411: Apr. «:J68 

. 30 

411 : 01 

4ii:Apr. 3:t73 


b. 19 

^ii: 87 




413: 81 






414: 76 




415: 71 



« c 

""P ■■' F 


. G i^ 

H K 

L H 


Chronological Tables. 



of 360 Days. 



^ • 

• «1 

•• g 





: Mar. 

7 . 



. Feb. 


". Feb. 

20 • 





• Feb. 


* tn. 



• an. 



: an. 


: Jan. 


• an. 

• • 


. an. 



29 • 

". Dec, 


' Dec, 


• Dec. 


• Dec. 


: Dec. 


; N0V.28 * 


'^^ . 


17 • 

*. Nov. 


' Nov 

• 7.- 

• Nov 

. 2 


27 •• 

Ptolemy's Canon 

The Years in it are of 365Dayf 






a 9C 



•n* ft 

Aug.29 • 72.f 


^. Aug.29 .727 


I lAug.28'730 

3^ Aug.17'732 

[4 iAug.27-733 
[j-C Aug.27:.734' 

[J ^Aug.26"736 






7+7 '.*9 

'Aug. 26 \ 
Aug. 26 * 
I Aug.2f • 
Aug.2^ • 
Aug.25' : 
Aug.2f ; 
Aug.24 ; 
Aug.24 ; 
Aug- 24 . 
Aug.23 • 












18 • 











F H K 

H K 

* There being a Decree of AUGUSTUS C«far, that Regifters Chould be made of the 
Na«nes and Eftaces of all the Subjefts of the Roman Empire ; Lttk, 11 . u 2. in order to 

> this* J^fepk with Mary hi s betrothed Wife came from chei r dwelling Place, at Nazareth in 

, Gaiilee, to 'BethUhem in Jndaay where they were born j riiey being of the lineage of Da- 
vid, and that being the Seat of his Family; L«t, II. 4. On this occafien it was that our 

! Saviour was born there this Year : and that on^Dec-. zf. according to rbe Churches ?c- 
<:ount. From hence we reckon the years of the true Age of CHKJST, 

J Before the Paflbver of this 3d year befbrethe Vulgar iEra, dyed fferod the grear> 
having firft flaughtered the Infans at 'Bethlehem, and then bis own Son jtntipaterMiom 
he had defigned for his Heir He dyed in rhe utmoft degree of torment and m*fery j 
leaving 3 Sons, between whom his Dominions were divided by ^u^nfins toward the 
middle of this Year. His Son ArcheUus was made Tetrarcb of Jftdxa and Samaria -y 
Herod Antipas of Galilee 2nd Peraa; and Philip of Iturea, Trachonitisy and Lyjanias's 
A/filmc. Jofephiv! ^epello Judaico J. 2 1 & 11. i. Jof, Aniiij. XVU« io> 8<: i $• 



tt40 t)fth«F§rm€fT€ar^ 

added fif^J)i7t CO the three kiodrad and fixtyDt^ ofurfiiditij^ 
Year yvlgarly coofilled. 

Buceveabere is lb far a Proof of their antient^ and ordinary nam- 
ber of Dajfs in the Year> tn tfaefe five Days (») were thus [dainly 


c^ery Year, this brlon the Months fo quick agaiiiy that we who are us'd to qute anodMr 
WTf of Ro:koiuagi luiow doc where to find them without ibme CoofidencioD. £• g. 
In a Year of 36oDavt, If the fiiftDajrot' thefirft Month were now our firfi Day of 
Janmsry, it would fall leveo Years hence on the laft Day of November > (eventeeni or 
dehteen yean hence9 h would be at MithsebuM -, within thirty five Years it would he ac 
Jiiilfnmmtr,'^-^-' In few words* it goech round dae twelve Months^ and returns a> Us 
ibrmer place in fixty nine Jntisn Years. For 69 times 36/ Days* and 6 Hours is a/2,oji 
Days* and a Quarter, that xzi it is two days and a quarter more than leventy Years of 360 
Hays CO the Year ; as the Kcider may Tfid by comparing this great number with chat in 
^«ib«'sdilcourfe above meacion'd* — But however flrange this may look to us chat are u(ed 
to no other than the Jutian Year> to obferve rheir Months by tlus their antieot Form (^ 
Tear thus to run through all the Seafons of it, yet doubtlefs it was no ftraoge thing lo 
the common people oi thole Baftern Narions. It was fijrely no more ftrange to them* 
^anit is now to KYit Turk t^ and other Mfhvmetam Nations 1 thac u(e the Lunar Year of 
35*4 Days to fee their Ramadan, and their two 3airams to luo round the Year, and to 
iaUlomecinesin the Winter, and iomecimes in the Summers as they do within a few 
Years in comokia obfervacion. [See /^M«r of the Ottwn, Emp. p. i6o» 161, i^a^l 
even within three and thirty Years. fPr$d, Con. HiA. Vol. I. p. 393.]— > And this wiU 
btoome lets ftrange to us, if yet it be confider* d how hard* andeven impodible k is to 
n&keany Year of common Ufe to hold pace with the natural Year# as it may beieenlnr 
our J«iJi4» Year : which was made ibr chat purpofe by advice of the moil Learned Men in 
the world. And yet this will not do exaftly : cho' it cometh as near as is pofiible. For 
our JmlianYtitot 36 r Days 6 Hoars exceeds the natural Year by (bmething moretfaaa 
10 Minutes. And this Exce6«in the fpace of about 1^0 Years makes a Day's difierence 
between Ours> and the Solar Tropical Year : Which in the fpace of fome thoufands of 
y^re will bring the firfl o( January to MiJfmmmer, and in (o many thouland Years 
morc'wi]! bring it round 10 Midwinter again. But in one or two chouland Years the Difie- 
rence is not Co great on this Account* but that J annoy y is now a Winter's Months as it was 
inthetimeof ^ng^mjlns : And Co ^pril is a Spring Month, and July a Summer Month* 
and (yStket is the fail of the Leaf, as well now, as it was at ChrlJ^s Incarnation. So thu 
tho' here he a yearly Variation* yet it is ib infeofible, that the common People cake no 0(^ 
tice of it; at leaft in ihofeCooncries which have not received the Gregorian Calendar.— «- 
Thefe things being confider'd,^ alcho' in the Year anciently in ordinary Ufe among chele 
Bafiemtt and Greeks, the Variation with refpe^ to the Seafm* of the Te*tr be very great» 
and ieniibie> and which their I..eamed confeaueotly could not but take notice of« and did } 
yet as Antiquity* and Cuftom had inur'd the ufe of it to the common People, and as 
withall they tound it a Year, as Scai'^er call'd it [v. Supra p. 241] ^ Tear that fir its 

Smahility of Divifion was mofi couvenitnt for their Ufe ; It is thereiore no Wonder* chat 
ey kept up the u(e of the laid Year among them* even long after chat their Learned in 
their feveral Countries had brought in their refpeccive Intercalations for che Seafons of the 
Tear : Which Seafons the common People heeded no tartfaer than as Nature deeded 
cbem for the Supports, and Conveniences of Life, and which they knew well enough 
by die ordinary Courfe of Nature for thele Ends ; duubtlei^ as well as do the Turks, and 
other Mahometan Nations at this time, as in their prefent ordinary Year* the variation 
is fio the Seafons of it is immenfely greater. (») Jof. .^caL [Era. Temp. p. i ^y.} 

lalch the very word Nnri among che EiyptimSi and Mmeyi^i^MS* among the Greeks being 
uied ni^i fi^» iheweth chat their antieot Year was limply of 360 Days. And how* 
ever Petavins £1. 2ya] hath reproached him for it, yet as learned as he [Bp StilUngfieet 
Grig. iac. c. Vt o j6J hath concluded as Scafyer did before him in this very matter in 
die following words. This y^ DDING of five Days to the end of the Tear, whLhDays 
woere thence called iTtuyifijfjai IMPLIES that they mere mi antienily in ufe a^ 
jutong them, &c, fV. more ib.] He goes on to fliew thac in procefs of time, the Egyp- 
tians came to underfiand the neccjpty like wife for the fake of the redundant ^Una/^an^ 
in each Tear above 36 j" Days, of adding a Day evtry fourth Tear- — — But as heflieweth 
ffrom Ctuforinus De Die Nat. c. 183 ^^^'^ Intercalation did not obtain in their Civil 

rear, — becaufe as the reafon is well ajfgn*d by Geminus fde Spbaera c. VI.] 

7%f Egyptians ^tccor^n^ to ^ fuperJiifioHS Obfervatioji whiih they had, wostld needs bax't 


or Tear cf Reckming m this Traphecf z\i 

ilfperdumenny D^rt> and Days miM to rfaetr Y<ear> wbJdtfQ vtif* 

gr Account tberecrf^ coofifted only of dbree huddred and fixfy 

Aiki diat this latter ftill obtained amodg the Several Natkms above-^ 
mention'd* as being their Year in vulgar Accounts and ordinary Ufe» 
long after that the other had been fimnd out« aDd even after Da$tH 
fts thne« I have above ihewn. 

And therefore tho' the learned Dr Ptukmtx (o) hath told us> tbaf 
luhen Daniel had tins Prophetjf reveakd unto bifft by the Angel Ga- 
brieU the Chaldagan ttar was moft certainly the Nabonaflarean Tear, 
empfimg of three hundred and fixty five Days, and the Egyptian Tear 
^as the fame, dndfi alfi *was the Perlian : All which is allowed to 
have been true fo far> as that the Learned in thofe refpediveCoun* 
tries might have now arrived at the Knowledge of fuch a Year, aid 
made ule of it in their Obfervations (the Chaldaans efpecially^ j Yet 
this makes not againft the form of Year of three hundred and iixty 
Days> being the Year of Reckoning in this Prophecy> becaufe this> 
and not the other> was ftiU the Year commonly known, and ufed 
among the People of thofe refpeftive Countries, and confequently 
among the People of God alfo> who had been now well nigh feven*- 
ty (f) fuch Years in Captivity in one of thofe Countries, even in 
tnat of the King of Babylon, at the time when this Prophecy was 

And whar is more natural than for to fuppofe that in the laid Pro-" 
pbecy fuch a Year of Reckoning fliould have been intended in it^ 
as was commonlv known, and ufed in that age, and in that Country 
where Daniel 2m the Jevjs were at the Revelation of it? — Efped* 
ally confidering that as I have formerly (hewn, no ofher Form of 
Year whatfoever will poflibly fuit with the Prophecy m the exprefe 
Letter of it. 

Thefe confiderations therefore do ftirely render it more than pro-' 
bable that this was it. But there are others behind, whereby, as I 
am not without hopes> we may bring this matter well nigh to a cer- 
tainty of its beingto. As 

Ftrfi, Suppofing with the learned Dr. Trideaux (<j) that this tro-^ 
phecy concerning frinc^ally the Jews, and being 'written to them (fir it 
if in the Hebrew *wbich was the J tws Languagey and not in the Chal- 
dee, as fame other parts of Daniel are) it is moft likely that the Com^ 
putation of the time mentim^d therein JbouU be accorSng to the JewJih 
Fimn, and none other; yet this allowed, it makes noti^ainft this Form 
of Year betftg the meafure ok the Year? of this Prophecy, becaufe 
the fame was certainly ^Jewijb Form of Year, for 'tis evidendy their 

R Scrip* 

76, and 783 (0) Con. Hift, p..a8i 

»a«a. (;) Con. Hift. p. ft9» Mv6Qt< 

Scripture (r ) Year? and as fuch if.\s% Year that could not but be of 
knovnu and common' Ufe among that People: Whereas that kind 
ot Je'ujifffXesx, which is fiud to have been incrodaced by the Sau^ 
hedrsn for the r^ulation of the Jevjijb Fefti vals is on many accounts 
mod unlikely to have been the Year of Reckoning intended in this 
Prophecy : as I fhall ihew prefendy. 

But as here confeCfcdly the Yeats of this Prophecy are ye^ijb 
Years^ I know not of any other form of 7e*imjb Year {hidiy> and 
properly fo> whereby thev can be reckoned, but one, or other oi 
thefe Jev^ Forms of i ear now mention'd. 

For however Dr. PrideoMx (s) hath (pokenof the folar (t) Year as 
a Jewijb form of Year> and as fuch hath made it the Year of Reckon- 
ii» in this Prophecy, having firft concluded thefe nveehs of Tears to he 
FLAlNLTy and MANURE STLT the fame with thofefMatbs 
ff Tears meutum^d m Levit. XXV. 8> and then concluding of ^r certaht^ 
tj that thofe faibatbs of Tears were reckoisediy folar Tears, yet truly I 
fee not any ground for either of thefe Conduuons, but mlanifeft rea- 
fons againft both of them. For 

Firfi^ As to thoie Sabbaths of Tears in Livit. xxv. 8, beine there- 
fore (aid to be Solar Tears, hecaufe they began from the firfi (^Tifri, 
nvhuhnvaspmud down ty the Feaf of Tabernacks (which was alwajt 
iekbrated in the nuddk ef that month) to a ceriain fiafon of the Tear^ 
and therefrrefrom that feafin in one Tear to the fame feafon in another, 
can only be meafuredby the courfe of the fun, tho' this ob/ervation may 
be true m real time, yet this proves not to the ourpofe here, unleis 
it provM widial that the Jews meafui^d their Years in this> and in, 
tther things pertaining to the Law, by a folar Year. For it is the 
Jenxnflk meamre of time> or Computation that we are here imme* 
diately concerned with. But we have not any the leaft footfteps that 
1 faiow of (»}, of any fuch Jewifi form of Year or Computation of 
Years : but we have dircd proof of the contrary as in the^madtice of 
the Safdiedrin in their continual regulatkm antiendy of me Jewifb 
Year, of which more anon, fo alio in the direct teftimony of Mm^ 
fnonideshcrey upon the authority q£ both tbcTalmuds, that in All 
things pertaining to the LAJ^^ fconfcqueody alfo in the Jewt[b 
fabbatbs of Tears) their Tears tjkre neither SOLAR nor LVNAR^ 
but fuch as arofe out of the Order of Intercalation, whether they were 
Tears Qmm&n, or Intercalary, according to the Determination of the 
Sanhedrin (w^. . . . - 

Secondly, T fee ix>t how Dr. Frideaux can argue from thofe Sab^ 
baths ef Tears in Levit. xxv. 8, to the Weeks of Tears in this Pro- 
phecy, as having any relation to them either in fbriti of Year, or 
indeed in ait^ pdnt whatfbever. For 


nome» that thej bad a Solar Year of 365 d. 6 h. but bowever 'ns^iaid alio tntc tnii 
Was ufed only in tbeSchooif. {SeUcn. de An* dv* vec. Jmf. p* !> a*] (w} lb. 
cv xiri.p.' V/t #f. 

Or Tear 0f ileekmng in this ^rephetyl 5 4 i 

Phfii The original word in Leviticus [ib.] is not S^PlIt^ 

{We$ki] as ia the Propheqr (x) before U5> but O^JV HhSD 

[Sabbaths of Tears.'] — ^However, if it be pleaded here that the fenfe 
is fo far the fame, as a Sahbath of Ttfars is evidently feven Yean> 
^Xidfiventy Sabbaths afjears, as wefl ^fiventj Weeks cfTears» equally 
make four hundred and whlety Tears^ t add 

Secondly i That in the nature of one^ and the other thertf is tio 
manner of ground for relation. Fot what have any of the ieveral 
EVENTS of thefe Weeks of Years to do widi Sabbaths of years ? 
—I add . ^ ' 

Thirdly i The Jabbatkal years of the Jews being in Dr. PrideaUX^C 
'(9) own Account conferfedly UNCERTAIN, betanfe £a^ he 
truly fays] // di^th not affeaat WHE Ny or HO fV, thejiuere ob/erv*> 
eds therefore there is furely no manner of room for thus arguii^frota 
thofe Sabbaths ofyekrsy to the Weeks of Years of this rrgphecy, 
Becaufe this is confeffcdly to argue fiom UNCERTAINTIES. 

Fourthly^ Even Dt. Vrideaux hadi himfelf elfewhere <k)nclud«d 
no Relation here, as he hath expreffly told us (^)> that this frofbecj 
means no more than by the Jeventy iveeks to exprefi, feventy times Jfevetg 
yearr, that is four hundreds and ninety years in the vihok, *mthout 
ANY RELATION hadeiiher to Shemittahs» or SABBATl-^ 
CA L years* 

I conclude therefore, as to the lueeks rf years bynvhicb the time jf 
this Prophecy is computed, that they are fo far from being Plainly and 
Manifeftly the fame uvVA thofe Sabbaths of Years mentioned i» Levi- 
ticus (a), [as are Dr. Trideauxh words in p. 283 of his book] that 
\pis in Dr. Frideaux*s words alfb in his preface] they are without ^;i{/ 
Relation^ i. e. in other words* they have no manner of ReUdoa. . 
And what is wicbout any relation* or hath no manner of Relatioor 
is without any relation* or hath no relation i» any thing: confe- 
quently not in the form of year. Which folar Form of Year was 
after all not a Je^ip Form of Year, as evidently upon the foredtecl 
teftimonies it had not* nor could it have to do with jtvt'^fabbaths^ 
of years. For their form of Year is certainly upon tfiofe teftimo- 
nies the Year ordained by the Jevjifb Sanhednn in the regulation o£ 
their Fcftivals. 

This is und^iiably a. Je^\[b Form of Year. And yet as this, ai 

i may now proceed to (hew, could not poffibly be the Year of 

."Reckoning by the Angel intended in this Prophecy, it "will of couricf 

retnain to the other Scripture Je^lb Form of Year of three hua-i 

<tred, and (ixty Days j as we (hall lee anon. 

That the Form of Year tnade uCe of by the Jev)i[b Sanhednn 
for the regulating of their Feitivals (hould have been the Year <^ 

R 2 Redoooiog; 

Uc) Dan. IX. 24, {y) Con. Hift. prf. p. »ii» ^fi f«) p, vi^vj^ 

14+ Of the Form of Teatf 

Reckopia^ttCCftledintfaisPxopbn^^ kjs tnnowife'l^^ the 
ibUowine: Reaibiis j 

Whrfi, ft is no S<!ripture Year. For it ^onfifted varioufly (b) fomc^ 
times of 12 months^ ibtnedmes of 13 months by the intercaladon 
of the Jea^ Vtadar^ or fecond AJar. But of diis Veadar^ or ft* 
cood jfdar m the Jeio^YtiX we have not throughout the Scriptures 
ib much as one fingle mention of it) either by name, or as a dbmr*' 
teenth month. Wneieas we have twelve months by name» and 
twelve months alb in order of number^ as the 61% and iecoDd> 
god third, and fo on to the twelfths but never beyond that to die 
bringing in of a thirteencb^ any where in the Scripoires. 

Sitmdyy It was ever of moft Uncertain Aocountr as being mere- 
ly ArtificiaL and Arbitrary* as it depended piuely upon the Deter- 
minacipn of the SanbeJrm. The People knew nothing at all about 
the Year current* whedier it wbuld be a. Year confiiii^ only oF 
twdve Months, or otherwtie of thirteen Months* 'oil they of 
the SdMbedrm had made puUick dedasadon of it. And this we ate 
told (e) was not ufually till towards the end of the Year. It was 

ThMy, A Year this very Uncertain alfe as to its Qriffrtr orRiftf* 
For vf6o can tell how* or when it was firft invented (d) ? Nor is it 
Ids Uncertain. ' "• 

FoMfthfy, As to its Continuation. For who can tdl us of aCef-^ 
tainty how long it was in ufe (f) among the Jews ? 

Fkihly, Tis fo as in it felf f/), fo alfo as to any real ufe that fi^ 
could be of to the People, however we are told by the karaedMiri 


(I) Anwi Ctvitif (for lb Mr. ietim calls it) jincta 7VAmM&»# (eo Aoddi Cdaunoifik 
fax locncalarit. Conununcm implfbanc Mchiet duodectm* qm. aut cavi fuoret ait 
oleoi, five imercalares» /• e. au( clieruiti 2^» auc 30. lo Intercatari Audo Menfes tse- 
«edm. [JWItfffxr de Anno Civ. vet. Ji$d. c. iii.^ (f) ABOokbence» & pkfun|ae 

Ibb findn cjos} Mot crac Synediii taaau CoUcgis Dccneco poUioo Imefcalanonem* tui 
O P US erar, fucuram fiatuere. iSelaem de .Aft. Civ, Veu Jnd. c« 9. J fiA 

MiUIn maikm eft tompcrtmm §ijds fmerh ImeroslaHwis ftcmtuS Ada jimtfMrr ^ wpem 
temp&ri'^**'**^' Lmdmt tperam Chnnokgtqm Fuemm Hebrconim tmntrs'Mi rdHuns Cf^ 
tStms redmtmt^- Veus^s nm ex Scrhft nm ex tmfmt^t fed ex »kforvstiene Nemumm 
fiiMs mishamt* Temfora qm» vetm/nora, ed rmertiora* NxlUom extat in S, Uteris Intet^ 
esUtimis veftighm \ neq; cmftat Chronti^tMrn tethxtamfiMxtepritm Tkr^ Judseii fm» 

0ffe eoptitmu [Marfliam p. 184 k), Ed J * Bttc here Sir JtBn Mmflkm hack 

Surely carried the matter coo ^. Forotherwifehowdid the 3^«w« rnulate their Peftivais 
under the firfl Temple ? — The Kealbn of intercalating among the yewt waa eqnaliy c|mi 
Itmeooder thefirftf at ander the iccood Temple > but that aa Mr. Skdm haih cold av 
'"^ai purely i^naocoudt of char Feiltivall* and eipedaOy of the Paflbver* on whidi all 
the reft depended* left that and they fliould ochecwife happen varioufl jp ^metimes in the 
Summer, and lomecimes in the Winter For at we read hia ^i^sdi £c. v. p. ao, 2i.f 
TtglKfmi feftivum ^jfihstis pm ixctpfin^tiim ex reteptfjfima^ ^ klajmbm Tra^dmei mji 
fUuu ennftA^tet ^Sqmn^Gimm f^erm^ &c. Aqd yet in tfie folilowmg Chapter Mr. Seidai 
fhews the great uncertainty of Jevfifit Calciilationr'aiid! dedasesin thefe words, Sl^fonam 
Hmfm fmrnthtoi ^mt die Imertomxh ^t^m in fe iepkAiiiter reemrrentimn jinmnnm^ 
«db^i .^^gypttorum, ant Jn^anormm C^Unk <i^^n9Srnm Femxm, fen lekmpham" Nifan 
0lbcmitu Mathewuuici Vei. lud. t Mih't SATIS aoo eft COMPERTUM.^ 

S^ 34^] . (t) Alia fait jFMMraM ChfonobgtaluiceCapdviaitemj alia poft Redicnm ^ 
ia deoiqtir poft ioflttaoiai ab^ftOM? jtm. Cydum dcccnnovakiii Anno Cktifti 35$^ 
lMiiftivp«iS4.i92i»lM)tc.3 if) AS iia»pl«nlipoi»jdwl6»^0ui^ aocei* 

SiUm (g)y that it was cbe Year in Civil yie amoKX the JVw. He 
bat^ cdd us this iadeed upon the teftimony of both qie Tabmds 
(b) ^d upon the teftitDony alio of MamomJet (/) f|om them. And 
yec tie Um&lf hath made this moft improbable^ by his own mo^ 
jufl obfervation of the manifeft di£5culties> and uncertainty neceila^ 
lily arifing firom acxoundng by fuch a Form of Year : as he hath 
righdy concluded^ that in this cafe, N^ one could he fire tf the fu^ 
twe term ef his owoy or another^ $ legitimate Age-^ krfore the quality of 
the laft frece£ng year was deterpuned hy the Sanhedrin ; i. c. * till they 
had iktermimd whether the Vc^zrjbould h ^dded, or not (i). The 
like difficulty, and uncertainty, fas that l^ned man bath alfo ob^ 
ierv'd) attended fuch fupputation e» all other civil Matters, wherein 
'RBgofd was neceffartly to be had to yeart^ particularly with reffeH to 
y fatly wages of mrea fervofttsj and filters: and divers other fuch 
like Cont^cads either annual, or of longer duration. 

But however, ietting aiide the great difficulties, and uncertainties 
f£ reckoning by fuch a form of Year^ methinks had it been a year 
commonly &owq, and in ordinary ufe ^ongthe^i?^/, it (hould 
have been (b in fcripture times ; if not in all, at leafl ia, iprne, or 
other of them. And then confequently in an intercalary year we 
iliould have there read of a^ additional month knowp by the name 
i^ther of die jtnpfoih ^4^, oc thefecosid Adar, orptherwiie by % 
n^^nerai denomination of a thirteenth moi^th. • 
, ¥ot it is much that whereas, as I before obferyed, in the holy 
fcriptures we have mention made ever and anon of twelve months by 
dieir reipedtive names, or in numeral order fo many months fpoken 
ot> with their Hiflorical Events for whicjb they are remarked, that 
however nothing at all fhould have jiap'ned tfarou^ the viHiole courfe 
of iacredHiftory to the making &mous alio a month Veadary or a 
thirtoemth months as well as tm>(e odier twehe, of vtrhich there is 
tbention made under a twofold Denbminadon, as above, had there 
been any regard commonly had to, or ordinary Ufe been made of> 
or indeed any Other Ufe made of fuch artificial, apd uncertain caj- 
culation> or Form of Year, than that for which we are told (/) «; 
was ordakied> even for the emulating of the JevnOf Feftivds. 

And fo far as Scripture is our Light here, not this but the antient 
Je^dilb Yearj or the fcripture Year of three hundred aiid fixty Di^s 
tnuft have been the civU Ycar> or die Year in ordinary Ofe among 
God's people. 

For» It is in no wife probaUe tteit in the regulating of King So» 
bmof^$ Officers [ilOaig:^ iv. 7.^ who made prqvijwn for the Kinfs 
Hfiff/bfld, each man hU month in dieYear* or of thofe iweho caftaini 

R 5 [iChron. 

{g) De Anoo Civ. Vec. ymi. «. xvi« £» Rdm$ CSVILI^BUS d$umendiit 
uhme gmtu sBsp mpu Lmmafis Aufi** nnfitf /•Umt kskks$m atntd^ fid fo/mmmU^ 
lUCERTlSSlMl UUm^fmi & meiifihm tHmn nm mitmf eertUctw^hstitrtJipf' 
wmmmuSifveJntercaUtris, (b) V.Sttdm'taXoc^CiU (i) In the following words, 
^nm vmmnfdifivt di fnk slttmtrim fenutt five dt Rtrtm ^naHcimqm c^fiimstimt 
M0if alikhe metmrsti nee fitsret fimt nee Lmn^nSi fid iAnni tfmales etc erdit»e interest 
Uttdi nafcmunrjtve Commtmet, five trntmaktro jnfgto 9m4 hmdrinm M prsfikwfrh. 

54i? Of thi F«fm ^f Teatl 

xChion. xxviL l.] v)bichntmf$ hh oMdout hfore tie Khg numtb h 
nmnth tbnmilsout ^LL tie month m the year, any r^ard Qiould 
have been bad to cbac irregular Form of Jewifb Year> as it difier- 
^dy confifted now of t'luefve* now of thirteen months. Indeed it 
was impoffible that there ihould. For bad a VeaJar been here to 
be provided for« as in an intercalary Year it muft have been^ then 
in & Cafes before usTM^JBLrE officers of the bouJboU, and 
TfFELVE caftahts, EACH Manhis MONTTH had not been 
fufficient for the nutaber of months infuch intercalary Year. 

Tis indeed abfurd to fuppofe any regard had to fuch uncertain 
Form of Year. The certaki Regulations of the Kong's Houfliold 
and Guards now before us were not capable of being adjufted by 
it. But upon the foundation of fcripture months of tmrty (m) Days 
to a month, and of twelve fuch months conftituting the ^vjjfb or^ 
dinary, or common Year^ the Regulation was moft readily adjufted ^ 
the monthly fijcceffion of Officers went on fmoothly witnout inter- 
ruption, and the King^s Majefty was duly attended without waitii^ 
the uncertain determination of the number of the months in the 
Year from the SanheAw, whofe fole Province it was (n) ^ and who> 
as we are told (o)y did not admit of the King's having any thing to 
do in the regulation of theYeari unlefs he were the head, or atleaft 
m member cf their College Nor needed (f) he, as I am now 
Ihewing, to concern himfcif with fuch regulation for any civil ufe 
of fuch form of Yearj as his officers, and foldiers, and other At- 
tetfdi^nts on the Court, whether military or civil, as evidendy lTo;n 
the now cited fcripture paflage^, they knpw their attendance, fo they 
doubdds had their reipedive Sabries by the fame Jknown, and or« , 
dinai7 fcripture year confifting now in King Sohmofis time, as anr 
tiently and from the beginning among God's Peopie of 12 equal 
f^onths ^ 39 D^ys, and pf 12 times 30, or 160. Days. 


(m) A4 ia tlie inftanct Ibnnerly |^?'a is ii^ah*^ time : aod 39 we may add h^re chc^ 
InNMfnbeu Txx* IQ-I M»4 »n Vemtfronoyny [xxxiv. 8.] of TfraeVi mourning firft tor 
\ylarim. zft^ttd for Mcfet after iheir deaths THIRTY pays, i, e. doobtleG a 


fiMikittr fr^fiitwkMmra id its frsfttmdmm erst, mt qmfits lutfrcmfMso fiertt 

ptdtdm, puimsdrndttp mH ImttrfaJatU nmUa, dtMkdm Mgufis .Annmm cwfictr^^ 

But, '(UwiUiniuchinorereaibntobepfefiini'd* chat neither the Kine, nor hisOfficer< 
i^ere aitber pleas'd» or difpleat'd about chelntenalMioD of die Sanhedrin, sur to its 9Sk6t* 
|dc them \ becaufe^ as I am now fiiewing* the Hoyai Actcnddnce^ and confecjueDtly ^« 
ti^tury i^yincnt wiiMC fcsutated by i(« 

Or Tear of Reckmr^iA this Prophecy. 247 

And as fuch it did thereibte continue in vulgar Account among 
tbem from time to time afterward. And we hear of it accordingly 
even after the Captivity : as thus it was in Ki^ Ahafierus bis time. 
For> as we are tdd [E fiber I. a."] He had a Feaft for ail bis Prin- 

ces> and Servants^ even an bunired and fiurfcore I^oys. Where*- 

fore juft {o many DayS) but as this number of Days was at that 
time dfo ordinarily accounted half a Year ? We have Jevu^ (j) 
and other (r) teftimony here : and that with very good Rea(on> as 
at that time exprellly (/) the Firft Month was the Month Nsfany 
and the lafl Montb inU was the Month Adar^ or the twe/fib Month, 
Since therefore an hundred and fburfcore Days in King Ahafierus his 
tinie made fix Months » or half a leatt confequendy three hundred 
andjixt^ Days made tv:elve Months, or a whole Year in fuch known^ 
and ordinary ufe of it among God*s People. 

Upon the whole then. As thus before, and after the Captivity, 
we have evident Footfteps of a Year of three hundred and fixty 
Days as a known, and common form of Year among the Jev)s ; 
What hinders in the Prophecy before us giv'n to that People, that 
the Year of Reckoning intended in' it fhould not have been this ve- 
ry yevnjh Year, even as a Jewifli Fohn of Tear j as the fame was, 
as 1 have fhewn, undoubtedly their antient Scripture-Year, and as 
fuch their known, and ordinarily accounted Year in thefe Scripture 
times afterward ? . . ^ 

However, if All that hath been now faid be not fufEcient to 
yield full iatishSion in this matter, as it amounts to the proving the 
ordinary ufe of this Je^Jh, or Scripture Form of Year only in the 
SINGULAR form thereof: And whereas therefore that which 
Dr Prideaux (t) hath obferv'd with refpedl to Years ftridly 
{») Ijmar may alio by way of Objediori be applied here, viz. that 
All among the Antients that had Lunar Years [or that otherwife 
had a Y^r of twelve Months of thirty Days in a Month (iy)^ ma- 
king in the whole a Year of three hundred and fixtyDays,] badaU 
fo intercalated Tears to make amends for their DefeBs ; and therefor9 
nDhatJiever any of their Tears might tern their SINGULAR num*- 
iers, they vjere always SoUr /» their COLLECTiyE F^rms : And 
whereas therefore the Queftion is put by Dr. Vrideaux in what fol- 
Jows, viz^ And ^mbo xan think then that in the celkSive Sum of 
feventy Weeks , or the four hundred and ninety Tears of thm the An^ 
gel Jhould intend a Cor^tation which was then no where in praSice 
the whok U^ld over^ my Anfwer is, that there muft have been 
fuch a Form of Tear in praffice in the WntJd^ even in the CofleSIive 
Sum both before M and after the giving of diis Prophecy* (however 

R4 Dr. 

(9) yirU EUetcer c. 49. from R. jtbrahdm, (r) DurAviC (ex awnGbus. fAft- 

nochituj—'^^' Oimyfim Suntm cotos ^ Dits ebrietact vacavit. {^fr«ri«i.]— — Fo/^'c 
Syn. in]. (r) Eftber in. 7* (r) Con.HiJR. p. 182. («) Ai 

£Op(ifiing of 1% Lunar Mombi purely r9> makinc a Lxami Year of 3f4d. ^h. cc. 

[Selden de An. Civ. ver. Jud* p. I. (») At sbove ihcwa of tht Ssft§m 

l^auox^* and uf ihe Qrttkt. 

i4« Of the Farm of Tear 

Dr. Pridemfx hath aflcrted die contnry,) ai it wilL I think fiiffio-- 
ody 91^ from the feUovdng Itifiances* 

Fhjh icflouft hsve been {o in the AfiakkYean befbie-meotion'd. 
For ochenmfe bow coaMSobtt have aflerted tliat there werea^ioo 

Days in SEVENTY Yaurs N* This was no otherwife than as 

£> niany Thsp made to oumy Years of three hundred and fixty 
Days in the Year in the COLLECTIVE Sum of fuch ^ form 

If it be iaid that there was now however an Intercalary Year aUb 
among the Greeks^ 'tis what I have above granted. But here it 
muft be likewife granted on the other hand* mat there was alcnowrt 
Computation alfo by this odier form of Year in the coUe&iveSum 
thereof both among the (Sreeks, and LjiBauty as the Parties coo- 
cem'd in the Difcourfe referral toj were of thofe Countries. 

For otherwife how couU Crtffis have underflood Solou in this 
way of Difcoucle to him> had not this CoUedUve Computatk>n of 
feventy Years by a Year of tfiree hundred and fixty. Days been e- 
qually kao\^% or inpradHce both in Lji£a and in Greece (x)> 

"Twere indeed abnir^d to (iippoie that the wife* and grave S^lm 
would have . troubled Orajm wkh fuch a Computation of S^eveMsy 
Tears, had it not been then in Icnown pra&ice even iii tiie CoUeBrve 
Form thereof. I iee not what could otherwife hav( fuftified SoM^ 
making mentkxi thereof in his Philofophical Difcourfe with the X^ 
ifira Ring* -~*- But 

SecomUjf, and more erpeeidly> wv have^ I thinks a dear pioof 
Jiereot among God's People onder their Babjfkmjb Captivity ; h^ 
that coukl have been a Seventy Tears Captivi^' by no other than 
this kind of Year in the ColkiHve Warm thereof jFor that Captivi- 
ty* as it may be feen above (>)> commenced from the (aktng of J^ 
tufalem by Nebucbadnexa^ the Son in thtfimrth Tear rf Jenoiakiin 
in the Year before <^. D,6o6y in the b^inningof November of it (z^)^ 
And it ended in the Jirfi Tear ef C^^rus, after the Des\th of XV- 

tmsy who died at Bakym in the Year before A D, \yu whenC>- 
p^s focceeded in the ¥^iole j£mpire {<i\. And To the learned Dr 
ffldtaux hath himfelf told us under this Year {b)^ viz, that the fe-^ 


(x) Sok^U £u(I to have been the Bril loveacor of the Intercalary Year among the <?r«d^i, 

5 See yrf^ SfMi, Sm. Temp. p. a3> 24. and Ricciciim p. 3 j. from Pntkit lib. 1 • ia Tmt^ 
*lat.j ma chatie UAd co nave been (bon dropc. [v. rupralj However ic would not p(« 
vnth the People. They flUl kept up cheir antiedt year of 360 Days, — «— Even ^rifiotle 
^ccounc^ b^ h as tb« Tear in ordinary Account in his time* piift. Aoun. VI» 20.3 0"^ 
dam ea canibut qtiinca Anni parte parturiunt» nimirum diebus 71 : Lacomca ucerum 

gerit fexta pane Anni> b*c. (tiebus 60. And among the Athenians after jirifiotU*^ 

3ea(|i> [for ne died in the year before jf. D. 312] the year in vulgar Account was dill the 
^me: mr they ere6^ed for him 360 Statues ac.^rib^jib as many as there were days in 
the year. ^Dicg* L4trtim»\n Vit. Dem, 8c P//n. I. 34. c. 6* — •>- nondum annohunc 

|)uo)erufn excedente, are Plktfs Words.]. See Prid. Con. Hill, p. j'5'2. i-— See Lst^n 

gim de an. Chrifil p. 1/8. See alio RJctiolith i and alfo Leo AtUtim de menf. temp. c. 
Hao, where there are many more }nfian«es of t|us nature than I am h^ willing a> 
trouble Ae Reader with. , r i. (/> V. the firft'fet of Chron. Tables. (aj 

V. Prid. Con.HUl. p. 63. ! . (#) lb. p. t20| 1 90, (k) lb. So ^iTo ip out 

^^JfetofTaWes. } ^ - ^ • ' ' ' *- •*• '' '-? 

w Tear of Reckoning in this Tropbecjl . '249 r 

venty Tears mdnch Jeremiah had pri^faj, flwM he fk tmOknumce^ ^ 
the Captivity, tjjere now.jufj 9x^4$ vfe. in die Ycai bcfi^e A. D. 
537, in tte Kovemher of ic {<). Wherefore as Dr THdeoMx hath * 
thus rightly concluded the Yeais of the %w^ Captivity ac BabftM : 
m the tx^nninjg and ending of theipj the fatne could net pofubly ' 
have been of i^hentv Years continuance by a Ibbr ibrtn of Year> 
(for ftom the Month of Mavemier of the i ear before A. D. 606 ^ 
to the &iDe Month in the Year before ^* D. 53 7> there are unde- 
niably only 69 Sdar, or yHtliam Year^ but iz was of fy long con* ^ 
tinuance, certainly in the colle&ive Sum of the Jetu^ Form of ' 
Year now before us> as ievtnty iGicfa Years arefound'(«l) in foma- 
ny ?«&■«» Years. 

Thus it muft neceilanly have been> if Dr. Frideattx^s own Cal- 
culation be jull here ; as undoubtedly it is : As Babykm was taken 
by Cyrus in the 17th Year of Bef/ba^zar toward me end of the ' 
Y^ar before A. D. 539 j And as Daritu's two Years Re%n cxpii'd, 
confequently in dje Year before -*^. I>, 537 to the giving feme part 
of the end of that (e) Year to Cjrus, as nis reign muft truly have 
begun then immedutely upon the death of Darius. 

And {o aSowinz with Dr. TriJeaux {f) Cyms his Decree to have 

Ene forth prefenuy after the death of Darius, and as Dr. Frhkaux 
th put it> <3i /^ »»£& ^ November airo> and then with him al- 
lowingy' ^er the gMtg ferth of the faU Decree a MentVs timf fir 
she Jews grepara^ fir their Journey^ and alfi fiur Mmths fir their 
smtrchfiom Babybn> {winch was the time (g) m which Ezra peifirm* 
ed the like marchy) the begifsmng ef the faid March mufi thus havefiffn 
out ahut the mddk of the December of the faid Tear 537 h^e 
A. D. where Dr. Frideaux haith placed ic accordingly. And io of 
courie th&comin| of the Jews into their own Land was in Uie j^l 
fdlowing^ vho. of the Year before A D. 536 ^ and of the Scrip- 
ture firft Year of the Reign of King Cyrus. 

But thus there could not iiow bbflSbly have dapfed feventy Ju^ 
Uan Years> as it was juft now obferv'd. We may add here,Yeyen- 
ty fuch Years from fiich |>rdfofled beginniog, as above^ could 
not poffiHy have been eicpir'd till the Novemkrqf the Year before 
A. D. 536. But the retumir^ Jews are here fuppofed, and indeed 
in the truth hereof^ to have been rdeaied from their Captivity 
twelve Mcxiths before> and to have been upon their March eleven 
Mondis before^ and a£hia!ly to have been' in their owh Country 
ieven Months before th^ tmNove^uber, or the Kovemier of the 


(0 n>. Sc Trii. p. 1 30. {d^ The Difierence if 00)7 2 d. 6 h. as in^ 6$ J«/;< 

«»' Yarn chere are ^s^o^ Days 6 boMrs* in 70 Years, ci tint ocher kind of Year rhero 
ire only ijaoo Days. («) Tl;ij|l£ ^ ii> P'* PndeMtx*t own TaUet at the end' 

6t Vol. !• Con. Hid* Truly io upon the authority of cbcPikniAcMfi Annals, as the four- 
teenth Year of the Reign of King /frr0fff> inwfaich acoordine to them Cyrus was made 
kmperourQt Ftrfist is oorrefpoiMing with the laid Year-; Aiat ma7 be (ben in oor firft 
fee of Tables. (/) Coo. Hift, h i^S^ *l^ W ^* ^^^ ^""^ ^ch 

iUwr'dtQmEv4 VII 9* * . . 

ihJ ■ t' ■ . ■ : 

250 Of the Form of Tear] 

Year before 'A. D. 53^. Therefore 'tis beyond al ccotn££Soa 
that the fevemy Years Captinnr of the yev)f wm expired as above;, 
to the giving us thus contededly no more than Qxty nine (b) ^tfU- 
sn Years between fuch profeiled beginning* and fucfa profeffid 
ending of this Captivity as above; and to the evidendy Axraifhing us 
therein with this moft remarkable Inftanoe of the farm of Year of 
360 Days^ ufed in this coUedlive Som of fev^en^ Years> in God's 
own determined {$) duration of his 9ta^% Vamiage to the King 
of Batybn. But 

TbhrJlyy We have yet a proof bdiind, which to us Cbr^iam (k) 
is as ereat as can be given m this matter, to the confirming thisform 
of Year to be the iure Year of reckoning in the cdleiStive Sum of 
fevency Weeks> or the four hundred and ninety Years of this Pix>- 

ptecY. It is this : Namdiy^ that whereas the Ai^l who ddiver'd 

this rrophecy to Darnel, Ipeaks dfewhere to him of a number of 
Years in his prophetical way> that number of Vears is rdiimcdj and 
explained in die Revdations of St. Jobm, by beii^ turned into fo 
many times three hundred and iixty Days. 

The Angel Gahtkl who ddiver'd this Prophecy of the Weeks to 
Daniel was the fame nuham he had feem m the Vifim at the hegammg 
(/)» i. e. whom he had ieen in his firft Vilion (m), and who then 
gave him aProjrfiecy ef atime, andttmesy and half a time (n). A 
TIME in Damets Scnfe is a Year. So the feven times 0>) that 
pafled over NehtchaJnezzar in bis beftial State are by Jofephus (p) 
called feven YEARS (f). 

But that there mi^t be no room for doubt here, Daniel thus^eir- 
plains himfelf elfewhere« viz, in Ch. XL v. i3> where it is faid in 
our Tranflationj that the King cf the North fiall come after certain 
lears. There it is in tbeOriginal> he fliall comt at the end cf times (r), 
even cf Tear s> 

And thus we are to underftand thoie words of the AngeU where 
in the firft Vifion he faith {s) of Hc^ fourth Beaft, HcfbaUtvearimf 
the Saints cf the mofi High ■■ ■■ < *■ and they Jball be gmfn into his 
bandy until a time^ and timesy and the drviJing of a time. This O&4/- 
ike Fhrafe, the kviding of a time is rendred in Hebrew, Half a 
time (t). 

And fo the words are refumed in the Book, of Revelations («), A 
timey and times, and half a time. This IS plainly I>«Ne/^s Language : 
and according to tbeExpoficion now giv'n, it fignifieth in common 
Speech nothing elfe but a Tear^ and Tears, and Ha^ a Tear, 


(h) Indeed 2 d. and 6 h. ftiort of fo imry JmUm yean. See laft Note. d. 
(i) By h»sl»rophecy*rrtji/4rfc xxv. iij 12. xxix. lo* i,k) Itmuftbefo efpeci- 

Mily LO Pr. Priaeamx, as it wiU appear h^^reafcer. (/) Dan. ix. 21. 

(w)Ch. vii. 16. («) V. 2f. (0 Cb. iv. aji 32. 

(p) Anu x.ii. bis. (0) So litU^mmne [it Rmt. Pone. lii. 8.] £uch> All Men. 

nnderfbad ir. (r) The V^' osd CS^f'^y ^^^^ u noc placed ia re^imine* but ia 

tppofirlon. {t) Ct,yiuis* [t) Qh,JM*T^ (•) ^1 

Or Tear of Rithmifig m thit^rpphecy. 25? 

How maoy Xemt ace meant by the VK>rd timet in DamePs Pro- 
phecy, we bad not certainly known^ if it hadnot been for that jdacq 
in xSQQBevelatkms {nu) laft mencion'd. There (x) it is firft iaid pro* 
leptically of the Woman perfecuted by theDnuson, that after her 
Child-birth, 7!&f fled mfo the Ifikkmefi^ 'where Jfoe hath a place fre^ 
fared of Ga^ tM they fhould feed ier there 17,60 Days% — -—-Again 
this i^ iaid in its proper place (v. 14.) that to the Woman there 'was 
gri/n the IVhigs cf a great Eagk^ that ihe might flee into the Wilder^ 
Tieji, ^here fl)e it,7Murilhed for atime, and times » and half a time from 
the face cf the Serpemt. 

In bom thefe Texts the Perfon tliat is fpoken of being the fame 
Peribn, and the thing that is iaid of her being the fame thing, the 
time of its continuance alfo muil be the fame time alio in both 
thefe Verfes. And therefore 1260 Days inverfethe fixth muft be the 
fame with a time, times, and half a time in verfe the fourteenth. 
This being clear, there is no difficulty in finding out the Form, or 
Meafure of thefe Tmie^, or Tears. For the number of Days iz6o 
being to be reduced into a year, years^ and half a year, that is, 
into three years and a halt, it catmot be reduced into Years of any 
other form than that now before us of three hundred and (ixty 
Days. This number 3(^0 is found in the coUe(fiive Sum of 12^0 
Days, one timey and two timesy and half a time. And fb that num- 
ber of Davs is alio divided into one year, and t*wo yearsy and haW 
a year. But fo many Days making fb many Years, and one has 
or a Year in, or by fuch form of Year) it doth fo no other wife 
than as being here evidendy ufed in the cglleSive Form thereof.—^— 
I need only to add 

Finally, that All this is Confefledly fo in the learned Dr. Trideaux's 
own account hereof, as he hath told us (y), that Daniel's time, and 
timesy and ha^ a time [ch. xii. 7.] are THREE YEARS and a 
HALF, a time in that flace fgn^ying one tear, and times tiLO Tears, 
and an half of a time an half tear, as AL L AGR E £.— — And 
again {x)y THREE TEARS and an HALF, reckoning^ them by 
MONTHS ofTHlRTT Days length make JUST 1260 DATS. 
Thefe Days therefore literally smder flood make the three yearsy and an 
ba^y during nviich the Frophanation, and Ferfecution of Antiochus 
Epiphanes remaned in the Church of the Jews, ^c. 

But how after all coula this be, otherwife than, as I have been 
here fhewing> as a Form of Year of three hundred and fixty Days 
was ordinamy known among the Jewsy aiid u(ed in the Colle^ive 
Form thereof, and as it appears in this remarkable inftance of it, evi- 
dently and confefledly fo late as in the Days of Antiochus Efipha- 
nes {a) -in the accomplifliment of the Prophecies of Daniel relating 
to hiiQ?Tr—<^ Wherefore then (hould not the fame Form .of Year 


(•) Cb. »i. 14, M V. 6. (y) Con. Hift. Vol. u. p. 208. 

(z) p. 209. (4} HitPropbanacioD oC the Temple, and Perfecucion by jtfU ^ 

kfn99 V^ i& i^ Wore A. D. llf 4ic^iA ^ ycvbcfoK A^ P* 1^4* 

Vsi Qfthe firm ^ Tesr, fte: 

lure been kitended ia tbe Praphec^ of dv leveoty Weeb gny*!] by 
Ac Ai^ 10 the fi^ Prc^diet SicnM? Wist » confefledly the 
Foijgi of Yeu k the CoQeOive Fonn AenoC ia a Pro^dieCT of 
tbm Tesn mtd m hs^, why not e^nlly fi> ia a Pmpbet^ of the 

And fo leaving dut, and tbe fofcgomg P1006 with the Reader. 
I may DOW wt an end taHtCbupta, andtberswidi tothefecood 
Viiz of tbii Treatife ; a* Hmtc now done with the fevcn Weeks* 
and fixtf two Weeb of tfai* Pnxtor. Then mmin yet to be 
feoken to, the Ow mti, and the m«e diOit^uiaied Qw H^ 
ttiereof: tod diey will mtke up tbe liikd Pan. in that which know 
(9 follow coocemiog thoQii. 



C H A p. I. 

OfthethirdTeried of Weeks, orthefeparateOviz 
Week, or SingleWeek of tbt Seve^y 
Weeks of this Trophecy. 

E are come now to coafider die rexsmm^ 
• ifttk to be fyakes to in the ProjAecy before 
OS, and the more diftu^ahcdHtf^Part there- 
of. Atxltbele having one and ibe»R)e£M{iii|£> 
' as that which in the propheitck ChtraSers ii 
the ending of the tatter is) Ht^ pert of this 
Weeki is To ctmlequently (^ die whole of ir j 
And aj their reTp^ive Bedflnin« are dtico- 
verable by the accomplifliment of die EXPRESS CHA- 
RACTERS of cbeH.»J" Weekending with die grand Event, or 
purpofe of this mt viitkf and its more dSii^juiftedfl^iiart, which 
is the defbufiioa of Jauf^em, as it tmtt tnaniielUjr appear ancHb 
and efpeciaUy as the A^oicnts which I fhall here occamrndljr make 
uTe oG will nave equal regard to the Ha#"PMt of diis out tank, m 
to the whde of it, for thefe rcafoos I nudl not trouble the Reader 
with a feparate di^XHirfi; of ±c «w -wek, and mother of the Ha^ 
part thereof, in their re^fediveBeginnineS} and mutual ending, biic 
hoe a little leani^ my former menxxj, IDialltrcatof bodioftheta 
togeiher> a; their Ex^tfi Chtrt^trt lead ne to xoAk joint meadcm- 
of [hem. 

And ia To doing, I Oiali firft give dieir EXPRESS CHA- 
RACTERS as they lie in the tejtt. in the acEompliihment of 
which this oiu ijxtt was furely to be known, and alio the diftiiv- 
gi^ed Half pan thereof. I UiaU then iet down dieu refpedive Be- 
ginning, ana their mutual Ending, as we find them in the leveraj 
Typotbcles now before us : And afterward I fliaU produce the feve- 


sin nit 


254 OftheOtitWctk^ arUzXiVm thereof y 

rA arguments which I IhaS make u(e of> either fon or againft them^ 
as they {hidl appear to appro^ej or not to approve tbemielves by the 
italfcnfe, and acoomiJahmcnt of the EXPRBSS CHARAC- 
TERS of this part of the Prophecy. 

I am firft to give the fiid EXPRESS CHARACTERS. 
And they^ as we find them in the prophetick Text are thefe 
ioQowing) v. 27. Mr Jball make a (b) frm Covenant 'witb many 
(c) in pJNTJR Weeky and m the (J) HALFfart thereof he Jball 
eaufi thtfacrificey mid oblathn t9 ceafe; and uton the (e) battlements 
ef the Tempk Jball be the (f) Lbb rf the defilator {g) Set. 

Theft are the fevend Ex/reji Chara^ers of this part of the Pro- 
phecv^ one whereof we fee is immediately appropriated to the one 
Week, the other two to the diftinguiflied Half part of it. 

Secindfy, As to Ae feveral Hypothefts now before us in their re- 
^pedHve Beginnings of this one vjeek^ and Halfpzxt thereof and thdx 
Ending of both> they are thus> 

Firjf, In the late Bifliop L&;'^s MypotheGs (i&), the feveral JSx- 

efs Chara&ers here being all of them, as we il^aU fee anon, litteral- 
\y fulfilled, the firft of the three in the beginnings the two other in 
the laft of the feven Years next preceding, and ending with 
the deftrudlioa of Jtrufakm in die year of me V.-fi. of Chr^ 
70 by the B^mans (i), the Meffiah's future people^ the here pre- 
dided Dfftrojers if the City, and fanBuary {k), the JBi(hop according^ 
ly referr'd the accomplifhment of all the laid Chara&ers to them «s 
being particular, or circumftantial Events here folemnly predifiedjto 
attend the grand Evenr> or Purpoft of iS^oncweek, the Deftru(Stf- 
on of yerujalem. 

. Thus the late learned Blihop underftood this part d[ the Prophecy 
to the giving us the full and real accomplUhment of the Exfre/sCba- 
racers o( kin the letter of them. 

But otherwife Dr. PrideauXf and Mr. Lancaperslfo taking the two 
former of thcCe esqnreffCharaSiers in a figurative ftnfe have referred the 
accompIi(hmentdFtbem.totheiM4?/^, tho'aftera different manner^ 
and in di^ent parts ot the Cud Week, as it is evident from their re- 
i^pediveHypothe{es> as they here follow in duspart of them. 

The one vjeeky and the Haf Part thereof mod thus in Dr. Pn- 
Jeaux his Hypodiefis (/). 

From the Coming of our Saviour (viz. in the fifteenth (w) year of 
the Tthertui) began the third period of ihefi feventy weektj 


(S^ In our Traniktion ic is> tU fhtH confirm the Covtnstn i but as I Ihail have occafion 

to (new anon» HtJhMii makt s firm Cmmanty cometb jziuch oearer to the Text. 

(c) In one Week : Id our TranfladoQ, far ent Week, But the fozmer is julUfied by the 

Context) as it iollbws that in (tux fer) Half of that Week, <^(. As therefore here iif. 

To alio there. And ib t^e Vnl. Lat. render it» HeidenuuU nn4, (d) Not / « the midfi^ 

as in our Tfanilation, but in the HALF fsrt thereof^ at pr. friJum^ (Con. Hifb pr 

299] iiath moil jufUy obfeiyd here. [SeeourEzpof. in p. 6. m Not.]- -—And fi> ic iv 
the - .- - 

in the LXX. . So alfe in the Vul. Lat. and in the Syriack, and jfrahiek Veriions. 
(e) See our Expofition p. 6. in Not. c« (/) The idolatrous Enfignf, feeib. Hoc. d' 

(g) The Rontans, See p. f. Not. r. (h) As in the Chron. Tab. printed at Oxfirdt 

sd»D, 1713, Tub Anno Chrifti 63, f f) See p. f. Not. e. (it) Ver* z6f %'7s 

(/) Con.Hift. p.193, 1. 1I9 <^(i {m} Ai la p. a^zy lb. 




of tlfis Vrpj^ecf. 2SS 

that hi the O NJE WEEK, 'ivhtcl? isjpoken of in the t*weuty fiventb 
verfe^ the Events 'whereof as there pretUBed are that far that week the 
Meffiahfliould confirm the covenant with many, andin theHALF 
fart thereof {for thus it ought to be tenired [they are Dr. Prideaux^s 
wonisi and tjbe obfervation is moft true here] wherey m our Engliilh 
Tranjlation *we read the MIDST) ihould caufe the facrifice, and 
oblation to ceafe. Andfo actordmgly (continues Dr. Trideaux) it 
came topafs. For during the feven years of his evangelical JMiniJlry, 
he £dfirfi by his fore-runner theMeffengety whom he bad fint before 
him^ and then by himfelf in his per fond Mimftry confirm the CO- 
VENANT of the GOSPEL with many of the Jews, wht^ 
were convert ed, and admitted thereto; And then in the HALF fart 
of the faid week^ that it, in the Laji Half fart thereof when he 
affeared in his own ferfon in the fame Minifiry, on which John was 
fent before him. He caufcd the SACRIFICES and the OB JL-^- 
TIONS of the Temple to ceafe, that is.firft by his PREACH-^ 
ING of the GOSPEL which was to fiperfede them^ and theny 
I^piy by that GREAT SACRIFICE of Himfelf, which war 
once offered for alh in his death ufon the Crofs at the E ND of 
THIS (n) fFEEK, whereby they were alt abfolutely, and finally 
extinguifhed for ever. 

Thus hath Dr. Prideaux referr'd this O N E W E E K> and the 
accomplifhment of thefe two Exfrefs CharaElers of it> as here 
mentiorfd by him to the Mejfiah. But as to the lafl: of the three 
Bxfrejs Charailers of this week, or the latter of the two Cha* 
rafters rf the Half part of it, that he hath wholly dropped in his 
Expofition of this one week'y of which more anon. 

Mr. Lancafter's Hvpothefis in this part of it is as follows (o)^ He 
(vrz. the MESSIAH) (hall make a Firm Covenant with many 
{viz,, ^fe Jews, and with them only, or chiefly") in one Week, ^i%. 
'the feventieth And in the MIDDLE {f) of the [iaid] Week 
Jie mall caufe the iacrifice, and oblation to ceafe, and bring over a 
Wing of Abominations ,• p. e. ruling, frefiding over, or influencing an 
army tf idolaters, viz. /<&tf Romans bear'mg in their Enfigns the Images 
of their Gods, &C.] 

Thus Mr. L. hath referr'd alfotothe^e^^theaccomplifliment 
of thefe Exfrefs CharaBers j but differing from Dr. Prideaux as ta 
the accomp!i(hment of the firft of th^fe CharafterS) as he makes 
it to have been accompliflied by the MeJJiah himfelf in the begin*- 


(if) As Dr. PrideAMx makes our Lord to be cutofF AFTER the whole 70 Weeks, 
«r after VII Weeks, and LXll Weeks, and One Week : whereas, as I have foimeiij^ 
fliewD, this is direftly contranr to the EXPRESS LETTER of this Prophecy, [ver. 
9-Sy 76] as the Mejpah was to oe fiw off/rfier [VII fVeeks, and] LXII t^eeks i And, as 
2 flullhere make ie to appear, he could have nothing to do in THIS Week, as the Grand 
Pu^ile of it rdatetl not to Imn in their. accompliihmenc, but to HIS FUTURE VZO 
PLfi. (0) Chron.Efl*.p.7»\5'6« ^ (p) Mr. L, hath given us (bme (cripcure In- 
Hsmcet, where the original word IJfl ™^y fignlfieihe mtddfe of z thing: ButtheLXX 
and Vul, Lat. and other Verfions [666 thepftceding Not. d} are all againft him here* as 
they render tt> as in our Tranflation the HALF.— ——Bcfides there was no completion of 
ihe Exfrefs Chsraaers in Mr. Lam^^er'sksSt of ch«in> nor in the Mi^dit 02 thsH^fek 
ustit wiU heretfces appear* 

^56 Of tbeOncWetk, midVbiiVzxt thereof^ 

niDg oftUi Wed^ «od IbrdrfiiftHalf of it 'dltfaiiiM% i^m die 
wMUk of it» md after due bjr hb ApoAks ia the latter half of k 
immediatdy foUowingg our Lord's BdSon ; wbeveat Dr. JVxdbnor^ 
as we have feetu a%os die aocompliflment of k id the Megiab 
in die perte of JUw ^ik A^^ in the iboier HalC and lo dae 
JM^^ in his own perfin in the latisr Half: And however 
bodi of them have leiien^d die accomplifliment of the next Ch»- 
Tader> tm. tfcMMpag focr^ amloUnfmrn to €9^j to the Mfffiab m 
his bdog aa 0ff» ytx thejr di&r as to the time of his being m fff^ 
Mr. L. bxiogiag him to tbsCidsin the mMe of ^Jhmfiefb^oxek, 
Dr. PriJuMX in ^Emldfk. 

But that diey are both e(|ually miftaken in all thefe their references^ 
and alliga'd aooQmpli(hments« and abfokitely wide of the immediate 
£vent> or purDofe of this one Week* and alfi) that the faid week, 
and Hifjr part mereof had diek trae and real acoompliflunent in dl 
their fim-mention'd predided ^V^fi CtaraSers omv in the abovfe 
giv'n Enofitkm of me late leimed Bilhopj it will fully appear fxom 
apordcuur confideratkn of each of the fiid Cbara&era. 

Pkft, As to the Party prediOed to accomplifli diem. 

SecmMu As to die foue in whk:h they were to be accompliAed : 
And *^ 

J^^The dme prediaed (or dieir AccompiiflimeDt 

Firfit The pfoohetick Chaiadeti of the Ow^vxek^ and fi^part 
thereof confioer'd as to die Party accompUfliing had not their preo 
dided accomplifliment either in Dr. Frukmafs, or Mr. Lmtafof'k 
Expofitionof this part of the Prophecy. 

For not die illf,^ firft in die perton of his fow-runner jUii Ms 
Baffjit, norin hisown perfonafterj as in Dr. Prukma^s HypodKfis> 
northe JI6|jEnbbyhim(elffirft» and his Apoffles after> asinMr. Lmk» 
fofitf^ty are any of them die PMv herepiediOedto acodmplifli. 

As for Jdm the Baftifi, and me Apoftles^ diey are no odie^* 
V(die fuppos'd to have been conoem'd here> than as theJUfe;^ himi^ 
ielf is ^^ipos'd to have been OQQceraU Butif hewerenot* nekher 
could they* It will appear aUb anon that diejr oouU not be con* 
cemU<-^Nor are tbqr any where mentkMiVl m dieTezr> or Con^ 
text, tix}* file Meffabhc. fiat diat he is not the Party here prediO-^ 
ed to accomplifli eidier by hiodelf or others^ it is evident from the 
Text* as therem not the il^jEn^ \M tis Jktiore petfb w[e txumkSif 
the Party accomplifliine. 

For not He> but mey are cettakify die next preceding Relative 
here. For when die Asfid had tdd us, ashedoth [ver* 26.3 ^IjfStor 
iim/care aud Pwo vxeksfigJlMeSslh he aatf» 'tis^dn diat he had 
now done widi him. He had now delivered die uRAND PUR* 
POSES or EVENTS of two of die prophedck Periods^ vki. 
firft ot the fivem nueeks, and then of the tbreepare and two nueeh, 
which were to be fbon fbUowed by the M0m$ beii^ cia tffM. 

Uj) And the matter of Fa&accompUihecliii foO oonetpondence with die tiiBehecepiie<» 
diaedibcitiaQcompUaunent, Ilioptl^ it tauh bceQibmliicwt)i«lfnoft(i>aX>tfBoa3 

OftUs TnpBecyl . ^257 

He bad yet a isBUmiDg Week 00 tccounc fbr« famag as above ac- 
CQitn&»l imiy for fixty-Jane Wodb of the Sevemy detarmmd tp^ 
0n Daniel's P^fh^ Jid h^ City, [^^er. 24.] that is» the J^tm. 
This Week therefcxre evidently raR»/«0«/^m7»»?^^ tifon Jeru^em. 
And accofdia^ the Ai^I kutxKcfiafceiy cakes tip his Prophecy con* 
cemiog tbesh by dedaring pr^ntly upon the here predided CMt^ 
Mng ^€f$be Meifiah by thein> that they were ntnj m longer hit 
te^k (f ) . And therefore they at« plainly in ail that follows, to the 
end of this Prophecy^ a People giv^ up to Deftrudion in the fure 
£vent of this Om week determined for it by the Ramam, who are 
the here predidedy»/irrtf Peopk (/) of die Meffiah^ in the words in3^> 
mediately fbllowii^ thofe of the i«jei£Hog of the Jevis» viz. And the 
teefk .of the Fvwee thatjhdl tome, fas in our Tranlktion) /. e. the 
Peofk of /i&f Meffiah^ 0* the MeflkhV future Fetfh^ JbaU deftroy the 
Citjy and SanSuarj, and the End thereof Jball be iMbaflaod, and itn^ 
f0 the endef the war Dejilatiom are deterhumd (t). 

So much in general prediding the ddhudion of Jerufalem by the 
'Romans, — Then {u) it pre&ndy fblk>ws to the indi^in^ or giving 
the fure Sign5> or Tokens of die Onenaeek and Half Part thereof 
here certainly pnedided as to the Event, or determined I^ftrudi-' 
on> tho' otherwife as to time left at large, that however the faid 
One iveek, tad Haif port diereofj fhoukl kifailibly be known by the 
£aik>wing Cbaraders evidendy, and remarkably diftinguifhing it, ^'iis. 
dttt in order to the efieding of this determined deftrudion, the 
Party here concem'd ta accompUfh it fhould maie a firm Covenant, 
[ver. 27] HE /ball make a firm Covenant tdth many.-^^hQ fhoukl 

do this ? ^Who!» but the next precedit^ Reladvd ?*«'«• But that is 

plainly th^ MeffiaBs future People {v)). Confequendy not the Mef' 
fab: who^ dx)' fboken of bdrore, yet as I have been here fhewing 
from the Test» the Angel had now done with him> having by fo^ 
leom predidion broi^fat him to his Crofi. And theitfore it is moft' 
unreaionabte, ts being againil all natinal confhudion of tiie words, 
as well as the phdn fenfe of theOxitezt, to fuppofe dmt the Angel 
ihould come back again to him, wit^ut any new mentk^n of hitn# 
to the giving him a part in the accomplifhinent of the Charaders 
of this Om nveek, and Half part tiieteof : All which Charaders lie 
in die midfl of the here litterally fsedided defhtidion of theyiP^o?-* 
ifi-Oamchy and Pditie, and in their accomplKhment were dierefore 
doubtlefs to make a great part in it. 

' I will not (ay bat in the Jeoj^ manner of writing fometimes 
fiicb reference to an antececknt Relative may poffibly be juftified. 
But I am bold to £iy it) that nodling can yo&am fuch irregular r^^ 
foence here. Theie is no manner of rocmi for k, as die Prophecy 

. S admits 

* <r) SeeawExpofition* p, f. Notes e and *. (») And wHo ar* Aefefbre la 

«d]6d) as the ChriJHan Faith was after the Jews refofa! of rhe Gofpel to be preached 

^oughout the iliviMii Empire, whkhiicall'd the 'O^^w'^J, Matt, xw. 14. £,«*#. 
ii. I, And the Churchto be formed out of feme Believers. {t) Ver. a^. {u] V«f . 
*7* (») For they are plainly t^e Party lailfpokan of, In ver* a^» .4 

by AjmUy and TrifiilU their treating with Apollos, oum needed /# 
have expounded nnto him the njaay ef Ged, (or the Cbriftian Faidl> 
tnore ferfiSify, becaufe he bad hitherto known oelj the haftifm if 
John. \A6is xviii. aj, a6.] — ^J add, that Jb£w hirofclf was ib fo 
from amrmng the Cbriftian Covenant, that he was declat^l byour 
blefled Saviour to be not one of the GolpelState^ or Kingdm uf 
Heaven, as it is faid ixxMatt. xi. ii. He tifot is leap m the Ksng^ 
dom ef Heaven is greater than He. 

Bcudes, As I have formerly fliewn (x), fuch imagjny Accodh 
t>Iiihmenc of dus Exfrefs Cbamaeria tUs fig^e^ ieofe tbetcsf 

(«} Vik p. 184, ^ 


158 Of the One Week, and Half Part thereof 

admits not of it, either in the (cnTeof the Exfrefe ChofaQim befoie 
us, or in their time ot accomplifliment, as we ihall fbon fee, vsf 
more than it doth in the plains andnatuntl cbnftrudionof the woods* 
For as I obferve, 

Seamdly, Thefe Exfrefi Charaffers in their plain fede in the Pro- 
phecy bad not^ for that the^ could not have their accompUihment 
an the perfons of the Meffian, or John the Baft^» or the Apoftles. 

For the fenie in which the CbaraBer of the One lueei, and the 
former Chara£ief of the Half part thereof are foppos'd to have been 
fulfilled by dx>fe Partiesj is bothbyDr.PrxdlMwy, and Mr. JL. taken J 
in a figurative fenfe : Whereas the fenfe ot the Prophecy here is plain* 
ly notfiguratrve^ but Utter al. But 

Ftrft, I urge againft the figurative acceptance of thefe es^efi 
Chara^ers, their Inaccomplifliment therein by the Parties foppos'd 
to have accomplifhed them. 

Firfi^ As to the Charaffercf the One lueek, vix. the making afimo 
Covenant *with many, as the faid Covenant is fuppos'd both by Dr. 
Trideauxy and Mr. I*, to have been the Covenant ef the Goffel tm-^ 
fimid vMh numj if the Jcsm hy John the Bipd&firfi, wtd after 
h the MeiSah himfeH', as in Dr. Prideaox^i Hypothefis, or fy tbo 
Meffiah and his Aptfiles, as in Mr. hansafie^. 

For even aUowing that die word Covenant here were the GoQ)eI- 
Covenant (tho' as it will evidently s^pear aoon the predided Cove- 
X^ant could not be fuch Covenant) yet« as to Dr. Frideastx*% Hypo- I 
thefisj how he could fuppofe the accompliOiment of diis Exfreft ! 
CharaSer even in this ienfe thereof in the peribn of John the Bafttfi^ ' 
in truth I fee not For if I aj^ehend his meaning bere« helliouJd 
have underftood that by receiving the Baptifm of JiAn, one under- 
took the conditions ot, and was entitled to the benefits of the 
O&r^fiTjy Covenant This> or fome fuch like mesoing there muft 
be in JohnV an^rming the Covenant of the Go/pel to the givu^ us 
any colour of Accomdifluxient of this Exprefi Chara&er cf the 
One iveek in this fenfe of it But if this be the meaning here> 

of this ^rophecyl ±$^ 

" tomes fliort of it, as the true ffteenth Year of the reign of Tibe^ 
rhis m which John eapie preachings doth not really correspond with 
die firft year of the Jtngte *weeky or feventieth Week' of this Pro- 
phecy, even in Dr. Prideaux's (y) own fiypothcfis thereof. 

But wherefore after all, fliould the prophetick Covenant be inter- 
preted the Covenant of the Gofpel> as it is in both the Hypo- 
tfaefes now immediately before us .^—*-The Original word (z) is of 
general fignification, and denotetfa only at large a Covenant, And 
^^t immediate Covenant is hdre meant, as to that we cannot 
otherwife be fiirely guided than by the Context. But the grand 
Purpofe thereof being as we have already obfaVd, and as we (hall 
fee more fully anon, all of it giv'n in a litter al fenfe fetting forth 
the final Defbudlion of Jerufa&m^ therefore tht Covenant here pre- 
didled to be cmtfim^i, muft neceffarily be fuppos'd as giv'n alfo irt 
a fenfe relating to the faid grand Purpofe of this 0»p *week, and 
the more difhiiguiflied Ha^ part thereof. Confequently the Cove-i 
nant to be confirmed in this Week could not poffibly be the Got 
pel Covenant. 

And therefore Mr. L. hath as ineffedually refen^d the accom- 
I^ifhmentof this Exprefs CharaHer to theMeffiah, and hisApofilef, 
as Dr. Prideaux to the Meffiah in the perjhn of John the Baptift 
frft, and after that in his own perjm. Even becaufe it appears 
that the Covenant here predifted to be confirm'd coiild be no 
tnore the Gojpel Covenant, than, as it before appeared, their Parties 
accomplifliing were, or could be any of them the Parties herci 
predided to accomplifli. 

Nor, Secondly y Had the next prophetick Character iritKisWeefc 
Or the former of the two Charafters of the Half part thereof, vizi 
the Caufing Sacrifice^ and Oblatim to ceafe, its accomplifliment in 
the death of the Mejfiah. 

For the Sacrrfice and Ohlathm of the Temple at Jerufalem can 
be faid to have ceafed there only VIHTUALLT, and to ALJL 
JEFFICACT^t the death of Chrifi, as Ht.Pridtaux {a) and Mr. 
1*. (b) have both of them told us that thev did. ^nd Dr. Pri^ 
deaux {c) hath alfo told us venr truly that the Virtue, andPropitia-^^ 
tkm of this One Sacrifice hath jufficed for all ever fmce. We mofli 
teadily allow it. We allow alfo in hi^ words (//), that m the death 
tf Chrift the Sacrffces of the Temple nvere all abfolutelyy and flnallf 
extmguijhed for ever, fo far forth I mean {e) as to any obligation 
upon Believers, and after his Refurreftion his (/) Commiffion gave 
tife to the Chriflian Church. But, as we fliall be prefently con-, 
Vinccd, *tis not the fifficiency of Chrifl's meritorious Sacrifice of 

S 2 oimfelf 

(j»] AsiC is inflotififtenc with his ewn.declarM Cbfoooloeer's .Sliirtf 6mde^ Ptolem/s 
CantHi at forinerly ihcvn* (x) n^*13 (*^* ^7) ^^i^* Fadum. {a) Con. 

• • 

tost .p, 294. 1. 9, &c. {h) Chr. E(r. p. ii^« (c) Coo. Hjft. pt i^^.Tubfioe. 

id) Ibi (e) And if Pr. Irideamx meant it other wile, the f^St of their coobauance 

is agsunft )wai «| they (Ud 09t lOuaQy c|f^ '(^ C^lifli 70. (/) Uut^ xzviii. 

260 Of the OncWctk, and HtMlV^ii thereof. 

himfelf o» the Crofi that we are here concem'd with ; nor with tlit 
ceapng of the JewiihSdcrrfices, as to f^tue and Efficacy, and Obigatian^ 
but with a btteral ceafing rf the Sacrifices cf the Temffe. The Praftice 
is one thing* the Obligation \s another. But the Prophecy plainly 
refers us to the praftice of Offering, becaufe it being reftrained to 
the Temple, it muft alfo be reftrained to the continuance of 
the Temple. And it appears (g) that for Ibme Years after the death 
of Chrift the Je<w^ continued as a People and Nation in their City> 
off:ring Saaifices in the Temfk, even 'till an end was put to all Sa* 
crifice, and Oblation at Jerufakmy with the Deftrudi^ of the Qty> 
anJ Temple. As to the 

Third Charafter of this One Week, or the latter of the two Cha- 
radlers of the Half Part thereof, I am prevented from faying any 
thing as to the Inaccomplifhrnent of that in ^ figurative Senfe : for 
'tis not fuppofed to have been accomplifhed otherwile than in the 
Letter of it both by Dr. Frideaux, and Mr. L. alfo. I may there- 
fore proceed to fhew. 

Secondly, Againft the figurative Senfe, and ftppos'd accotnpliih- 
ment therein of the two preceding Qiani&ers>'z;/s. that'of the Begin- 
ning of the One Weeky and the former of the two Charaders of the 
latter ha^ Fart thereof, that the Senfe of the Prophecy in all of 
them is plainly not. figurative, but litter al. For 

Pirfiy The Senfe of the extrefs Character of the firft fevcn Week^ 
of this Prophecy, viz. oi rebuilding the Wall, and Streets oi Jeru'^ 
falem being litteraly as I have formerly fhewn, fo alfb mufl be ne- 
ceffirily the fenfe of thefe Charaders of the Seventieth, or Lafl: Week 
equally determined upon Jerufalem. For in all reafon the Prophe- 
cy ought to be received in the letter of it alike in both Periods. 
As therefore the determmd Reftoration of Jerufalem in the begin- 
nirtg of thefe Weeks was literally predided, and fulfilled in thenrfl: 
Period of them, fo no left her final Deftrudion in the end of them, 
in the accomplifliment of the exfrefi CharaHers of the laft Period of 
them, or the One Week, and more diflinguiihed HAL F PART 
of it. But 

Secondly y We have, I think, an undeniable Proof here of the 5/- 
teral Senfe of all the exfreji CharaSers now before us in the con- 
feffed (h) litteral Senfe and Accomplifliment of the laft of thenu 
This furely puts it out of Difpute, that the preceding Charadefs 
which ftand along with it in Ow and the fame Week, and efpeci- 
ally the Charader of caufing Sacrifice and Oblation to ceafe, v^ich 
ftands with it immediately as a joint Charader of the Half part 
of this Week, fliould alfo be meant in the &me litteral Senfe. 
This necefTarily determines a litteral Senfe equally to all of them. 


fe) From Joftphuf who hath told us vtry particularly when the Dnj^ Sscrifia of th^ 
temple ceaftd to be offer'd. f See Cfarifti 70 in the TaUc i&nex'dO (A) Bo^p 

hy i^. frid, 4Qd Mr, £,. v Wt ihall fee prcfencly* 

Of this Prophecy. 2 6 r 

The learned Dr. Vridsaux well knew (/) that this exprefsChara6ier 
was certainly meant in a btteral Senfi. And therefore he knew not 
how polEbly to bring this, as before he had brought the preceding 
Charadlers in their imagin'd figurative Senfe, to have their aflign^ 
tccomplifhment in xhtMeJJiah. He was therefore conftrain'd to give it 
its litteral accomplifliment by the McffiabV /»/irr^ Teople thtRmans 
{k) long after. And this neceflarily occafion'd his filently pafling o- 
ver this SOLEMN (/) Charader in his Expofition of this Week> 
and the two preceding Charadrers in it, without any the leaft notice 
of this : As if it were not at all concern'd \j^th the predicted Half 

Part of this One Week But is not here one great Objeftion 

againft Dr. Vrideauxh Hypothefis in this part of k'^ w^t. that it dtofs 
this latter Charader of the diftinguifhed Half Part of the Seven- 
tieth Week of this Prophecy ? And is not fuch DROPPING 

of the faid 9xprefs Chara^er a tacit Acknowledgment, as I juftnow 
obferv'd, Ftrfti That as this Charafter is to be underftood in a £/- 
teral Senfe^ for it had confefledly no other than a litteral Accom- 
plifliment, fo muft the two preceding Charadters be underftood 
likewife ? And, Secondlyy That as this CharaSer was alfo confefled- 
ly fulfilled by the Romans^ (the MelGahV jkture Feople) the next 
preceding Relative, fo likewife thofe other two preceding Charafteri 
Ihould equally refer to the laid Party, and were accordingly to have 
their accomplifliment by them .^ 

And thefe particulars equally concern Mr. Lt, as Dr. TriJeaux, 
For in his Hypothefis (wjj though this exfrefs CharaHer be referr'd 
to the MeJJiahy yet the immediate Accomplifliment of it is not af- 
iign'd to him : for Mr. L. makes the MeJJiah to fulfil this, not as 
in the two preceding Charadters, in a figurative^ but in a litteral 
Senfe ,• not perfonally, but by his future People the Romans : the 
Mefiliah rultT^y prefJiftg over 9 or influencing an Army of Idolaters, 
viz. the Romans bearing in their Enflgns the Images, of their Gods :. 
as are Mr. Lancafiet'i Words there («). 

But as this Matter of Fad was confefledly in the Deftrudion of 
Jerufaiem by the Roman Army in both thefe Hypothefes, it was al- 
fo confefledly in the Year of the V. -^. of Chrift 70. . But in 
both alfo the two preceding Charadters are fuppos'd to have been 
accompliflied a great many Years before {p). Therefore as I am 
to ihew 

ThirMy, The fevenJ extfefs CharaSers of this One Week had not 
in either of thefe Hypothefes their real accomplifliment in point 
of the tiere predi&ed time for their refoedtive accomplifliment. 

. S5 To 


70, nnderTifM beeirtiog JtrmfaUm with their'Eniigns, the ABOMIHAf ION oi DESO- 
LATION, &c, [ib.] (/) For fo our We&d Lord's iiamediatc JKocice of it 

moft ftirdy made it* [See Gra/iM inAf^tf* xxiv. if.] (m) P.6; 

{») P. 7. (0) Viz. richer inChrifti 93> as ia Dr. Priif4«x's Hypothois? Qt 

In Cbritti )6> as ia Mr. Zsanc 'fitr'i ; As Vfe IhaU tee m^re par ucularly prffendy^ 

%6z OftheOntVJttVy and IhltVirt thereof. 

To ftate the matter clearly in thcfe Hypoibcfcs in point of timei 
the Accomplifhment of the fcvcral exfrefs CharaStrs di the One 
fFcek, and Utter Half Fart thereof will fund 

In Dr. Priqeaux^s thus> 

^fi.The Meffiah bj John thi Baptift kegan (p) to confirm^ Kjf 

I the Covenant of the Gofpcl, (thcexfrefi CbaraSeryJ^'^ 

of the Beginning of the QsrJf%fi) with ma»/ cf theC 
Jews, Im 3 

2. 7& MefSah tega» t$ caufe Sacrifice and Oblation tO' 

cea(e« (the former of the two exfrefi CharoBers ofC jq 
^ the latter Ua^ Part of this Vf^eekS %j his Mpearing^ ^ 

3 J ^i) f^fi'^J '» ^^ Mntfiry of the Gojpel, In 

2. He causd Sacrifice, andOhlatian to ceafe finally, andffr^ .^ 
ever hy his Death, (r) In S 




^ 5. The Roman Armes caufid the Abomiriation of Defo-' 
lacion (the latter of the two exfrefs CharaBers ofi 
the latter HaH^ Part of this Week) to fiand in the^ 70 
Holy Place (s) in the defiruBion of Jeru/alem ty Ti-' 
lixs. In 
The AccompUihment of the (aid exprefi CharaBers in oar preient 

View will 

In Mr. Lancaster's Hypothefis ftandtbus^ ^^ 
^ I. The Seventieth Week began (/) In 5 ^9 


The MeflSah in the beginning thereof entring on bis JIfi- 
nifirp made a firm Covenant by himfelf fir three 
Tears and a Half, ivith many of the Jews {t}. 

2. In the nndMe cf it by an AB peculiar to Iwnfelf, viz.> 
by his death on the Crois> He caufed Sacrifice and v 33 

4^^ ' OBlation to ceafe (n). j 


I. The Seventieth Week ended, the Mefliah hamng from 
the time ef his dea$h confirmed the Covenant witbL 
many of the Je<iDs, and vAth them onlyi.ty his A{o\ 3^ 
files fir three Tears and a ha^j (^ In 

3. The Mefliah brought over a Wing of Abominations, 1 
i e. the Roman Armies beatiog in tiieir£a£^ the ^ 70 
Images of their Gods* (x^ In > 


Ip) CoD^Hiit Vol. n. iinTah. (f) lb. (r) Coo. Hifi. Val.L 

p. if 3- (0 lb. p. %9Sf 196. 

(t) Chjon. ISs, p.iiB. {m)Ib4 {•) lb- W I*- 7-. 


of this Trophecyl 2 6% 

Now in both thefe Hypodbdes there is evidendy a Separation of 
AccompUfhmenc of thefe exfrefi CbaraSiers in point of their fve* 
didled Time. Such as is pioft diredly contrary to the Prophetick 
appropriation of them in this refpeft : As in the Text they are all 
of them roanifeftiy appropriated to ON£> and the SAME W££Kj 
or Compafs of SEVEN YEARS in this Prophecy. 

Thie Text is expreis here as to fuch appropriation. 

V. 27> Hejbaamake a firm Cavenamf imth Mamf in (y) ONE 
Veeky aitdm the HALF (z) Part of that Week He pall caufe the 
Sacrifice and oblation to ceafe, and alio {a) the ABOMIlVATION 
of DESOLATION to ftand in the Holy Place, Thefe two Cha- 
raders of the Half Part of this Week being evidently coupled 
(i) together, therefore they muft neceflarily have had dieir joint 
accomplifhmenc in it. And ONE Week, or SEVEN Years, as 
we juft now noted, are expreffly the Time in the Prophecy deter- 
mbed for the accompUfliment of all, or every one of the threefold 
remarkable Charaders of it. — ^ But is it thus in their refpedive 
accomi^iihments in ddier of the twoHypothefes now before us .^— « 

Evklendy it is not. The only one of the three exfrefs CharaBers^ 

viz. die laftof them, is in the true litter al Senfe^ and accompliih* 
ment thereof placed in Chrifti 70 : in the final fubverfion of Jeru^ 

fdem. Therefore in point of time, either then, or within fcven 

Years from thence, the two preceding CharaHers in agreement with 
the Prophecy ought to have had their accomplilhment alfo : even 
as being exprefi CharaBers of <w^ and the feme Week determined afon 
Daniel'/ Peipk, and Holy City, But to give thofepre^ding Chara&ers 
thdr accomplifhment to the times of the Mejfiah, as in both thefe 
Hypothefes above fet down, is furely to anticipate them, or to 

i;ive them their accompUQiment in times to which they do not be- 
ong : nor poffibly can thev, becaule they are times Co long before 
the Time of the Seventinh Week, or the Time of the Holy City 9 
to which they all equally belong, was come for their accompli(h« 

S4 It 

{y) Sd V. L. «d4 5yr. Verfion. So Munfltr todF^pun. Indeed (o Or. Pridtsme aid 
Mr. Lmu^. (x) The fiillaccompUflimem of the cwo exfrt^t CbaraSert 

of the Ha^ Week 10 the end o£ ^OneWeekdtmMAmtt chac it was cbe latter Haff of 
ic But the laid two Charaders are thertinra imtnediaiely appropritted to the (aid Hall 
Part> or three Tears and half More their adual Acoompri(hmeac> aache Caufe finally ac 
conplilhing {m,% tSie BMmaus) then immediately b^an to operate) and inceflfantly was ro 
continae more or left operating durio£ the&d pre^Aed term, 'till it ended with the a£b]al 
•ccomj^lifhmeoc o^ die laid exfffdlk Cbms&frs : Ac the Matters of Fa^ (hew that it did 
in ChnAa 70^ The Paniculars appear in the Table annex'd* vit. . in Chriiti 67» and 70 : 
the bc^^noing and ending of the HA](«F Wecka and therein the eodlog of th« 

Cf) 71 give it hen h wmt hUfid Ssfkm^s Wmtdh m Aii Unmtdiati Inttrfretstlm 4 
thii ProphetHk Cbaraiftrt hj Nami reftrrit^g f the Prophet Daniel, Mat. xxiv. ^f. 
Mark xiii. 14. (h) S0 the Greek Verfion it rf ifMru ^« ifiihffjihq «f« 

So the V. L. in dhmdio Hekdomsdis defiiiet Hoflis, & Sscrificinm ; BTerltin TentpU 

Ahminmiio Defiisnimis. ^ •![• the Arabick Frr/Kw, In dimiito fMdcmMdii smfife^ 

tv Utfifiiium m$m9 $$ (fhamffinunmi ST ith $9 Tipfk Mmuaa ti^ VepUttkMU 

z«4 Of the One Wcck^ and HmVm thereof. 

It is in truth no odier cbtn totJ/dude^Stv^ffk^k Wfek froot 
being one of the Seventy Weeks in this Prophecy {c\ ^termnedufm 
Jeruialem : the time whereof could oot poffiUy be come be6>r«u 
or could not poflibly have beenexpirM but iib oc >^^ the fidi ac-t 
complidimen: of all theie txprefi Charsders ia die One Week, 9r 
fevcn Years immediately preceding* and ending in her final De*. 
ftru6lion> For Seventy ffeeks being defemrineJ upon her> that iSf 
as we have ihewn Seven Weeks, for her ttor^ngh refiar^um, and re** 
building after her D^ftrudion by the Baiyhmans; todfbreejcaremkl 
trns Weeks following for her cutting off the Meffiah) after the ex- 
piration of them; and confequentlyOave CF^fimorej or a SINGLE 
{d) Week remaining for her utter Ruin> and DeftruAion ^ there- 
tore the (aid One Week, though a Week fegurate* or ia reckonii^ 
difcontinued from the reft> as ending in Chrifti 7o> aiKi therefore 
beginning in Chrifti 6} {dd) could ix>wever be no other than Ow$ 
ef the feventy Weeks determined npon Jeruialem : even becauie o- 
therwife feventy Weeks which were determined ufon her, had noc 
been alfo accompliihed upon her. But, that determined upon hei 
in the faid fngle PPeek, ana ieveodeth Week of this Prophecy evt^ 
dencly difplaied it ielf in an exa<2 accomplifhment of its predidsed 
Events, as they were all accompliihed in the beginnings proceisEt- 
and conclufion of it. And Events, as Dr Prideaux (e) hath well 
obferv'dj are fire Comments nfan the Text: their Coinpleti<» fully 
verifying their PredidHon. 

Hence is plainly difcoverable the palpable Error of all currents, 
or continued Reckonings of the feventy Weeks of this Prophecy. 
Hence is equally demonftrable the ab/blute Neceffity of a diicon^ - 
tinued Reckoning of this laft Week ef it. Which Week, as it was 
a detacht Week, it was fufficient that ic iliould be known by its 
Charaders : and by them it is (o remarkably diftinguidied^ as tbac 
ir could not but be known^ and difcem'd in their f^bn of accom« 
plifliment (/). 

Indeed had there not been fuch adual Events^ all. and every gf 
them in h& eicher preceding^ or ending in the DefiruSian of Je* 
rulaiem in this One Week, and the more diftinguiflied HALF PART 
thereof, luch Events I mean, as in their own Nature are immedi- 
ately correfpondiog with the PropheticfciE vents, in the very Letter 
of them, and in their refpe6tive accQmpliniment»exa<3:ly asredog 
with thefc Prophetick Times determined for th^accomplimtpent^ 


(f) V. 34. {d) Forfo rtic Hebrew Vord'TMIlH ^^ ^ "»ft properly 

tranflated here, and \o it truly imports in rhe following places of Scriptarei vi*. Jojh. 
xxii. ao. 2 Sam, vii, 23, a Cbroti. xviij, 7. (<W) A« it may befeenin 

the Table aunexed. (f) Con. Hill. p. 306. (/) Our bldTed Sa- 

viour had nor otherwift referred bisDifciplcs to the Prophet Daniel for a SIGN, wbere-v 
by tbayfix^uld kiiow«f a certainty when the £ N D of the Jewijh Church and Scato 
wac certatniy innae. Ht referred them pairioilarly to the hfi of the three Chara&cra>^ a«. 
jc was the very U&, determined to be fulfilled in the lailof D^uwW's (eventy Weeks. An4 
it viTLs furely notio viin that wheo our Siiviour ^cted ^ Prophet, He ad4ed» Hi fUi 

Cf this Prophecy: 26$ 

ft^stt kkd not the& been fuch evident Proofs as there is in favour 
6f the late Bifliop's Hvpotfaefis in this part of it. But whereas ia 
the (aid Defif&kn cf Jerufaletn there were in fad: fuch particular 
Events diredly anfwering to the leveial exfrefs CharoBers of the 
Textj and whereas the famd were exa&ly accompliflied in entire 
Correfpondence to the frecifi Time offeven Tears fin fome or other 
part thereofj) predided in the Prophec]^ for their accompiKhment; 
then 'tis plain, chat fiich evident Proof there is of what we here 
urge it in favour of. And no finall firefs furelv ought to be laid 
upon fuch exadnefi of Completion, as it unanfwerably proves the 
accotnpliihment of the exfrejsChara&ers of this Oncy or Single Weeky 
9xAHalf Part thereof as prali(9»d in the Prophecy to be referable 
|n refpef): dl Senfi, not to zfigurativiy but a Utteral Senfe ^ in i^ 
fped of Tartjfy not to the Meffiahy but to his Feafk j in point of 
Time, not to any Times preceding the final Jefiru^um of Jerufalem j 
but to the immediate Time thereof 

Therefore in few words> and to fum up the whole, do we read 
in generd in this Prophecy (v. atf .) that the MeflSahV future Fe§^ 
fk the Eomans were to be the immediate Inftruments of God's 
Vengeance upon Jerufalenh when the Day, or Seafh (f her Vipta^ 
tion was come for it^ even the time therein determned far the de^ 

firojing ef the Gtj, and SanSuary ? The matter of faft in full 

occompliihment evidently proves that they were accordingly the 
effeftual Executioners of the divine difpleafure a^infl; that Feopte, 
and Nation, (j:) 

Do we read more particularly in what follows in this Prophecy* 
that they were to make a firm Covenant nxnth many Teofle in tins 

One Week ? The Event (hews that it was in the Banning olF 

it, when the Romans did adually make fuch a Covenant with ma- 
ny of their Neighbouring Nations {by And a firm (i) Covenant 
it was, as by the Proph^ it was to be (k) -, and that as near as 
it can be gueffed, made aUb much about the diftance of one of 
thefe Prophetick Weeks, reckoning back from the final deftrudion 
of Jerufakm up to it : to the demonfbating the fure beginning of 
this Week in Chrifti 6}. But for particulars, I beg leave to refia: 
the Reader to the Table annexed- 

Moreover is the latter (i) Half Vart of this Week more re- 
markably diftinguifhed with the predided accomplifliment of two 
anfrefs CharaBers (m) or noted Events thereof conjoined with the 
utter, and final Deftrudiion of the Jeviifh Oeconomy, as predidlcd 

in this Prophecy ? The Matters of fiul in evident accom- 

pliihment of both f^cb exfrefs CharaSers of it, (hew plainly that 


{g) See the Table annexM.— ^Thtjtms thcmielvet ooQcet?ed thb of the ROm 

M^^Si John xi. 48* If we let him Tour Saviour Cbri/f} that alone* all Men will be- 
lieve on him : and the ROMANS IhaU come> and take away our Place> and Nation. 
Ot) See the Table annexed in Chrifti 63. (1) See ib. in Chrifti 64,, 

Ur) V.27. (/) For fo the accompljnunenc otica tifrefs ChmaSifs provei it » 

We been* {m) At before-otentioa'd. 

266 Of the One Week, tf»^HaIf Part thereof, 

DO put of this fdemn Prmhecy b giv^ in vain; but as every patt 
af ichathics fignificancy) io every part of it had alio its ezadCom-* 

For is it here predicted that ^tB»mam in this diftingaifhedH^ 
part of this Week ihould caufe the dmly SacnRcey 4md OUatkm /# 
€94fi m the Tem^ ; and moreover^ that they ftiotild &t up upon ie 
the StmtdarJk of their Leg^s, th$fi ublatfHs Images tmder vAich thtf 
marchedy and as pub were an Abomination t9 the Jews> assdhyres^ 
fim of the areas amd heaivj Defidations wov) vjroagfft smder thtrn^ 
««nr /nr^ f^f Abooiinatioas of Defolackm Anrv ^«^ ^ ?-----Tbefis 
tbings banned accordingly in the time here immediately preceded 
for dieir accocnpUfhment : the final Caufe of them more immedi- 
acdy bcginninz to aduate in the beginning of the latter Ha^ (n) 
Fart of this Week, and thenceforward inceflandy aftuadhg> (and 
therefore no wonder that in the Prophecy it is more eminenttf 
diftinguifliedj 'till the full completkxi in« and with it of its pre- 
dided Events {o) ; even 'tiUtbe AbomHati9n vf DefiUtim Jfokm of 
hj Daniel the Vrophet food m the mly Flace (f). All which partiCu^ 
lars may be feen diftindly in the Table. 

And as therein was accompliihed the fure Skn gi v'n by our Lord 
to his Dilciples (q), whereby they ihould infallibly know when tbe 
time was finally^ and irreverfibly come that now yerufakm ihould 
be no more> fo this ^ign immediately accompKfhed on the Tem* 
pie was accordingly followed foon after with the takine firft of . 
the lower, then of the upper City (r) : and with a moft full and 
e»idl completion of our Lord* s exprds Prophecies both of Qry^ 
and Temple. For did our Lord expreilly declare concerning the 
Temple (s) that there flmU not be kft in it O NE S TONEnfom 

ANOTHER thatjbimid mt be THROWN dfwn ? This 

was now literally* and moil exadly fulfilled ; Tumus Rufos 
'With a fbmgh Share tearing nf the Foundation rf the Trnfle, ami 
ka^ng no fart ef it, not fi much as under Ground unAjfohfd (/). 

And dki our Lord alio prophetically declare (u) concemit^ tbo 
City, that it Jbould be Imd even with the Ground}^ ■ ana that 

her Enemies fiould not leave in her ONE STONE sfon ANO^ 

THE R ? even thus it was with Jerufalem in this tbe Day 

of her final Vifitadon {vS) : die Ramans drawing the Pkxigh over 
ijdae Ground on which botli the Qty^ and the Temple had flood ; 


(*} When r^fmJUm encer'd into eke JtwiSh War. See the Table aoxtfxed in Chrifll 
6y. (a) See ib. in Chii/!i 70. (/) A/<9^ xxiy. ly. A/^>z>ii.I4. 

(^) lb. (r) See the TaHe. \s) Mat, xxiv. 2. Mdrk xiii. 2« 

JLmke xxi« 6. (/) V. Grot, dndRam. in Mat. xzhr. 1. (m) UJn 

six. 44* ^ M Erat id quidem veruoi & de turbe« quae & ipfib uc J*fipbms ]ch 

tuStur, n^^ffi^n ^ fid^fm duiftfa^'tu, radidtus ab ip(U fundameadt eruta dft, pau. 
ds turribiu cxoepcisui nwnamfnnim vi6batim,6c Muri partem qus Valli vice efl^ £mm- 
m MUid. {Vide Jt, debd. JtuL vii« iS> & Theod. Htft. uL »o.] Sed proprie d» 
Templo a^t Chrifimy quod pltoe dinicuni eft, nulla ejus parte iervata. [Grtt* m Mmt^ 
xiuv. oQ— *««>« Thuf Mmtmmiditt Tsamthi c.j » Thrmus Rt^Mi impius araoro Tem-^ 
plum fodlci 9q oroimj^ceopai at illud adixnfkrciur* jjmmuc ^er anbiotf ; Mitak Ulu «% 

of this Tfopbecf. Z67 

.hereby (hewiog that they meant this to be a FINAL Deftrudi- 
oQi fuch as h^ been here predided by our Lord, and had beea 
bdbre in this Prophecy of DanUel (x). 

Thus ALL IHESE THINGS were fidfiM (j). And Hearcn 
4md Earth tfiight fooner have pajjed away, than the Words ef tht 
Sm of God concerning Jerujakm {z) : Or than that det'ernufted up^ 
on Her in this Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks delivered by the An- 
gd of God to his o^vant the Prophet DanieL 

Every the moft minute Qrcumftance determined upon her was» 
as we have feen« exadUy accomplifhed to the making her an ut- 
ter Defilatim : in her Imi^ thus trodden down, and fojjejfed by the 
Gentiles [a). 

And fo the once Holy City, Strangers became Lords of it j and 
Strangers ftill aie> and will continue to be (o, 'dUl fuch time> as in 
fuUy completed that which follows in this Prophecy, in the end of 
the twenty feventh Verfe. ¥qi not only unto the end of the War» 
Defilations were determmeJ {t), as we read in the end of the twej^ 
ty fixth Verfe ; but alfo as in the laft Words of this Prophecy, 
even untiU the Confinmation (c)y and that determned Jhmild he poured 
ont fas inourTranHation) upon the DefoLte^ 'viz, upon the jews; 
or, (as the original Word may alio be trapQatedj) upon the Defola^ 
tor ^ that is, the Gentik People of the Rman-t.jxviitc, by whom 
Jerufalem was deftroyed. For according to our blefled Saviour^ 
ptophetick Declaration, [Luke xxi, 24.] ihejewsiyfr^ (not only) 
to fall by the edge ef the [Roman] Sword (d), but alfo to be led 4* 

lyrfjf Qaptvve {e) into all Nations'^ Yb much concerns the 

DESOLATE] untiUthe/»wx (/) rf the Ccntiks be fu^lkd^ [and 
this refpeOs the DESOLATOR :] even the times in which God 
will permit the Gentiles to pofTefs the Jews Land, and untiR the 
fubsejs of the Gentiles be come in : as are Sc Tauh Words, lUnn- 

(«} And therefore God BOW putting an end to this DUpeofation, no wonder chat the 
7m could never rehuUd that Temple, thGngh ai jimmant MarteUinms a heathen 
Hifiorian ttUs uslcwas actem]^ by the Jtws ieveral times > but whenever they went 
about to lay the^Foundati'ony Fire broke out of the Foundation and conlumed the Work- 
men, (y) Mat. xxiv. 34. Msri xiii. 30. [x) Mat, xxi v. 

35*. Msrk xiil. 31. {a) UUn xxi. 14. (h) Aad how great* 

and terrible they Were, Jtfephms hath informed us in the 7 th Book or his Jemjh Wars, 
(c) Or the time appointed. [D^». xi. 36.] (i) And how remarkably they did 

lb before, and in, and after the Siege and taking of Jermfaltm i wicneCs Jofipbtu in hia 
ptodif^oos Account of the Slaughter of the Jews from time to time by the Roman Army, 
or by their own Tumults and Seditions. Such vafi numbers of them were ddhroyed, 
«nd many ot them in (b dreadful a manner, as msTde it vifible that there was ff^ratb np^' 

m this People. Tltms ipfe [apud Phihjhatmm in Vita ^poltims] aiebat poft vi^ri- 

am ism cnrros, flee Non fuum hoc opus.iuifle, led liLATI DEI. [Grot, in Mat, 

24* 1 6.] I cannot on this occafion, but refer the Reader as to Jofephms himfelf in tht 
firj^ place, £0 in the next to Arch*BiIhop TUiotfon's fifth, and uxcb excellent Scrmona 
cri 2 Cor, iv« 3, 4. wherein he particularly confiders, and (hews the aecompli/hment 
of our Saviour's general PrediAlon of the Siege, and total Definition of Jerufalemt 
and the Temple. («) Andtbeaccompliihmenthereofneedetfaiioctobepro* 

v^ : Wo lee the Efied of it to this Day : As the Jews fiill remain as icaccer'd Monu* 
jifents of the Deflruaion of JerufaUm, and (bt fierce Wrath which God executed upon 
them for the crudfyii^ of Chrift. ( /} S«€ P^aiitl^ vii. a/« zU. y^ 

4Sfv* xii* 14. 

i«8 Of the One Week, amlHdlf Part thereof, 

si. 25. And when thisfilnep <f the Gentiles is come in> then as 
Ihe Apoftle tells us, v. 26. The Delrvfrer Jhall come out of Sioq^ 

This fulnefs <jf the Gentiles , in the words of our learned Mr 
Mede (g), whatfoever the Apoftk here meaneth by it, is yet to come. 
Indeed the whole which there follows in this judicious Author's Ob-* 
fevationon this Phrafe of the Apoftle is moft worthy of the Rea- 
ders Remark : and therefore I cannot do better than to Cranfcribe 
ic ; and aUb to end this Treatife with it. 

Some, (faith be) think that St Paul in this placcy (viz. of Rom. xi. 
15.) hath reference to that S^sch cf Chrift, Luke xxi. 24. *where he 
pnteUs, that the Jews (hodd fall by the ed^e of the Sword, and 
be led Captive into all Narions, 2a\A* Jerujatcm ihould be trodden 
down of the Gentiles^ untill the times of the Gentiles fhould be ftil- 
filledj » accompUJhed. But it feems to me that the fulnefs of the 
Centilesp and the fulfilling, or accomflijbing of their Times fbotild not 
le the fame, hovjfeever they may he coincident, it fhould rather fiem 
that our Saviour hath reference as to a thing kmwn, unto the Frophe-* 
ijcf Daniel, *u:here^Q, Times of /fc Gentiles, or theTmt$ where-- 
m the Gentiles Pjould have Dormnion, with the Mifery and Su^eSum 
ef the Jewifli Nation are fet forth in the Vifion of a forefold tnage> 
and four &afts, which are the FOUR MONARCHIES : the Baby- 
Ionian, Perfian, Greek, and Roman. The frft began with the firfi 
Captivity of the JewifK Nation^ and through the times of all the reft 
they Jhoula be in SubjeBion^ or in a worfer Bfiate under them. But 
v)hcn their Times Jhould be accompliped \ theny faith Daniel^ \j:h» vii, 
18.3 The Saints of the moft high Godfhall take the Kingdom, and 
po&fs the Kingdom for ever and ever : that is, there JbaU be 719 
more Kingdoms after it, but it (ball continue as long as the World JbaU 
endure. Three cf thefe Monarchies were pafl when our Saviour Jpake; 
mtd the fourth was well entered. If thin by Saints there are meant 
the Jews^ which we kj»ow are called The Holy People, in that Senfi 
their Country is fiill called The Holy Land, and their City in the 
Scripture The floly City, w. relatively ^ then it is plain enough 
what DanielV; ana our Saviour^ s words import^ namely, a glorious Re» 
vocation^ and Kingdom cf the Jews, when the time of the fourth 
Monarchy which then remained, JbouU be expv^dp^ and accompUjb^ 

But if h^e by the Saints of the moft High are in general meant 
the Church, yet by coincidence of time the fame will fall out on the 
Jews behalf^ becaufe St Paul faith that at the time when die fiiU 
nefs of the Gentiks fhall come in, the Jews (hall be again reftoredl, 
XRom, xL 25.1 



(g) In the end of his j^th Dilcourfe [r/ic, upon J mm, x. 11.] p. 147. Sub 5; 

of this Prophecy. itf# 

By way of Condufion^ adds this jgreat Man> *Ihe lafi Umt tf 
the fourth Monarchy is in Daniel> \cb. vii. 8, 25.] the Horn with 
Eyes^ which fpake proud things agaiDft the moft: High, which 
fliould continue a Time^ Times> and Half a Time> that is, a Tear, 
Tears, and haf a Tear. In the Revelation [ch. xiiL ly f .] It is the 
Beaft with (b many Heads, a&d Horns, full of Names af Bla^e- 
my, *whicb vjas to continue forty two Months j the fame PerioJ^idf 
the fofyner^ vjhich ivas exprejpJ hy Times, cr Tears ; and the font 
time nvith a thou&nd tWo hundred, and fixty Days ef the Church re^ 
mahang in the Wtidernefs. [Rev. xii. 6.] 

When thefe Twses, (WRATSOEVER THET BE, faith Mr Medc) 
[hall he enjed^ then is [alfo ended] the Period of the TIMES of thg 
GENTILES, and of the jEVf^ Mifery, ^whereto our Saviour feem 
to refer in the Goffel Tkenih St Paul, fljatt the FULNESS if 
the GENTILES enter in : Then, faith Daniel, [as in the former 
flacey V. 18. of the feventh Chapter, fo alfo in verji the tvjenty 
feventh"] fliall the Kingdom, and Dominion, and the Greamefe dF 
the Kingdom under the whole Heaven be giv'n to the People of 
the SAINTS of the moft High,- whofe Kingdom is an EVER- 
LASTING KINGDOM, and AU Dominions fliall SERVE 
and OBEY Him. 

In an allured hope, and comfortable expe(fiation of which blefled 
enlargement of Chrift's KINGDOM, and CHURCH by die 
toming in ef the fulnefs of the GENULESy and by the^ Cenverfion of 
the JEWS, as by thefe, and divers other holy Scriptures we arc 
taught to poflefs our Souls, fo more particularly, and immediate- 
ly are we taught to pray for it in that moft exceUent Colled of our 
Church for Good-Friday : With which I de&e therefore to (hut up 
thij Treatife, nothing doubting of every pious Reader's concurring 
in iiich ever feafbnable, and charitable retition unto thee, 

O Tnerciful Gody nvho haft made all Men^ andhateji nothing thaf 
thou haft made, nor vx>uLPp the death of a Sinner^ but rather that bt 

fbould be converted, and live -^ that in thy good appointed time thoii 
would'ft be pleas'd to have Mercy vpon all Jews, Turks, Infidels, 

.4snd Hereticis'y and take from them all Ignorance^ hardnefs of Heart, 
and contev^t of thy Word ; And fo fetch them Home, bkffed Lard, 
to thy Flocky that they may be faved among the Renmant cf the true 
Ifraelites, and be made one Flock under one Shepherd, Jefus Chrift our 
Ijordy nvho Uveth and reignethmtb thee, and the Holy Spirit^ OneGo^ 
nj^orld vjtfhout end Amen^ 



Chronological TABLE, 


The particular Matters of Fa£f, or Accomplifl^ 
fnent of tbe'ExPKEss Characters^ €ftbe 
Seven Tears of the Single Week, (v. 27.) 
that is the Laft of the Seventy Weeks 
(v. 24.) of this Prophecy. 

UE R £ icis to be (hewed from what ttsr^ Mmtlh tii4 
'^ Dsj we are to date the begLnoing of this O N £i oc 
SINGLE Prophetick Week. 

The precife EMSng of it in the iccompfiOuttem of iStm 
latter of the cwo Cbara£tor8 of the latter HALF Pan of It 
is known to have been at the letting up of the ^^vnAintAtim 
»/ DefoUtkth vf «• Che Rtmm Idolatrout Scaodards (m) oh 
the Temple* on the loch Day of ^Ati^^ffi k) in the Year 
oftheV. X. of Chrifijo. 

From thence it is not hard tn cKmbaptotfaebe^onint 
of thac Year* a» by reckoning upward 360 Days, we (hai 
be brought (0 Awp^ the iixteenrh of the year 6^% for iSdk 
beginning of the laft year of this Week. Thence if wit 
go up 360 days Tcarly for fix yean btgjher> and allow fbr 
the Leap Days within the Period i or which of the two it 
the eafier way, if we throw out five Days in every ordinal* 
year, and fix Davs in every Biflextile^ or Leap year, astt 
will appear here oelow; by diefe Steps we £hall come la^ 
at length to the feventeenth Day of 'Stfttmlba^ in the jtr 
Usn year of the V. &. of Chirtfi 6«. 

Therefore that Day is here let down in this Table for 
the time of the be^innine of DmiUtt SINGLE WKKKf 
or the OKE remaining JVeek of this Prophecy. Withttt 
the compaif of which fTf^i^ all thoie things hapnedrda* 
ring to the CitJt md SanStunyi that areiecorded lathecw^ 
laft Vcrfes of it. 




September 17th, began the Jmgk Weel ap^ 
pointed of God for the deftrudionof the Hi^/jr 
City, and therein for the diilol viogof ^Jev>* 
j/S Church. \pan,\x:%6i 27.] 

In thisWcek the li0ffiMmr>the People (r) herd 


(it) As the Words havebeen abore exptain'd^ 
{h\ A$ we (hall (ee anoa £rom Jcfefims4 
(c) As 9im^ fbfiWQ4 


To the laft Week of this Trophecy, 271 

M (MB 

9 \ 
P i 

• ft-:- 



■ « or 




«r||«^2 predidcd to deftroy the City and SanSmarf 
were to make a FIRM COVENANT *witi 
Many, [Dan. ix. 27.] 
Accorciingly they did fo in this very year j and 
6i^{o as near as it can be judged^ at this verjr 
time of the year : their Gener^ Corhuh now 
making PEACE with the Kings of the Tar^ 
thians, Medes^ and Armenians, (d) 



I^J Sepf ember to. Ended this Prophetick Year. 


64, Sept. 1 1 . Began ihc SecondY ear of this Weet 
OSr this Year Tiiarir/laith (e), that there ne- 
ver was fo FIRM a PEACE as now. His 
Woids arc HjOB ALIAS tarn IMMOTA 
VAX. Which Words of the Hi(l>r«2r. do 
moft fully explain thofe of tl\c Pro; hi,'t;, con- 
cerning the ./W(?^iJ^'s People, he Jbail make m 

And Tacitus had great reaibn to fay this^ 
For tho' this Peace was made when he was ve- 
ry young> yet when he writ this> which was 
about 40 Years after, he iaw that in all that time 
the Romans had never open War with any of 
thofe KingSi or their Succeflbrs. 


Sept, 5. Ended this Prophetick Year. 



^f Sept. 6. Began the TbirdYezx of this Week. 

In this Year> according to the Conditions of 
that PEACE which had been made as above 
in the Year (J3, Teridates^ Kingof ArmeniaAnd 
his Queen took a nine Months Journey to 
Rome, in order to lay down his Crown at JViro'a 
Feet (gy 

All the other Kings fent their Sons Hofla-^ 
ges to Rome with him {h). 

Aug. 31. Ended this Prophetick Year. 



(d) Tacitns Annal. xv. 18, -*- 5 « .---Who will ^Infay ir, 
[hat the alwiie Providence of the great Difpofer of Kingdoms* 
ind Nations did not thus ordain, chat the Romans mignc bav« 
their hands freer for their execiting the great work upon chft 
^nvfshexiowhadforchcmco (|>upcin that People in the lat^ 
cer Part of ihir Week ? ( e) Antral, x?. 46. (/) As the W or A 
have been above explaiA'di ( z) T^^^^ ADaalt xvi. a } 
(h) Dim Lib. iXHir Se^u 



'A Chromitpcal TaikC 


^fiifi. I. Bmn the Fourth Year of this Wed 
JntbkYcaxThruisfef la/d down his dx>wi 

at Ners^s F«ct« and recdv'd it again at hi 
Elands (i). 
« Alfo JANUS his Temple was fliut ii 
. Tokm of GENERAL PEACE (A) 
67Pet. it, Blanche HALFPanofthis#««* 
o which are immediately appropriated rbc 
oPiophetick EXPRESS CHAR AO 
ERS of caufing SACRIFICE and 
ELATION to CE ASE,and the RO* 
MAN IDOLATROUS (andtheic£« 
y the Jevjs ABOMIN ATED)Sf4mdtrd: 
o be fet up on the TEMPLE. : 

And therefore the rfaid Bxfrefi Ch^r^CUrs 
ire thereunto efpedally appropriated^ as d^ 
final Caofe of their Accomi^ifhment: be- 
gan more immediately to operate now ^ 


\t\ Tautus Annal. xvi. 24. Dion Ixuu 

(*) As icappcars from iome Coins of bisfbuck on tlxiS OC^ 
caiion. Buc this Peace was no other than what had been 
i^hally concluded before, vix. in the year 63. And tfa< 
immisdiate Solemnity of the (hutting of Janns his Tem- 
ple. iiiTw-* might purpofely have dddr'd'oJl U)«coiXung(tf 
Tirid4H$ CO Bftn$9 » a^v% ' 

to the U^ fPeek oftbU Trophecy. 17% 

iftieC/; begpaoiDgof die Latter HALF Part of this Weektxie. ttaboac 

(i) God had indeed penmttaltlMltfNlMn Array vadd'C//^ to maA yirmptlrm in 
tts« yev before, v/c ia Chrifti 66 } when chu General eoter'd cbe \ovf& Gey wic^ hia 
FiDfccf , and then adfanocd co thehighcrCicy» and fx downbefore cbe PaLioe. Ac which 
tine according co Jtfi^ [beL jM iu ao.] if 1^ hjul bat made an afiauir, ha 
Blight have preiently carried cbe Place* and ib put an END co che War. But inftead of 
^^T% fxh he defiftM from any Mbet ctterpiitc at tbK time. •'--And yet about fix 
X>sy* after* bemadeanaflaultuiJontbcTempl^ and chat toCKoeOtvely, ai that he waa 
C^mig to lee fire tocfae Gacei : but after aU> inflead of proceeding co do (o* be g^veover 
ni% encefprizealloncfaeiadden) ^Rdtbouc any apparent Rcaion.— — J»fipf»tt partly sic- 
coonn (or it ftom the intereft of the GeneraU and the Bribery and Comipoon of tfaa 
offioenfttf chennxfidiQgof che War. But however chele might Influence, as fecood 
Caolesj yet douodcG that Hifiotian bath affign'd che much more certain caofe here ; aa 
he bath alio tcM oit dhac G$d kei^g attgp with the Jtwu mdd tut ptrmit it» hut re- 
fn^4 thmftr 4 gnMtft mid ffuUkr D^firmOim. Aad wall might Jtfefhm refleft 
cfauf > Fhftt becade tmdJtrmfsUm now h cafily ial'n into the hands of the Rmums in the 
oonqpafi only of a itw Days (for it wai upon the fourth day fdux^tfiimt hit appearing 
before Jtrt^skm that he made the fiiil attempt* and about fix daya after the (econd) the 
^tm bad not in fhaccafefnffcr'd thofe direfol Calamicict which our Lord had predifled 
concerning ymfskm in che Day ol her Vifitacion, ai recorded by the leveral Evange- 
h&h and which bad been alio foretold* fb long fince ai ercn by M^t Demt, Z3mil« 

49 — jryj 

The 7nMtbemimibtfieaciDiowkdg*ddiac tfaefolfiUiogof thia Prophecy was to be 
•Clbe deftiuaion oft thdr City by Htms* [See Memaffeh ben grml, dc term. Vic. ili. 3 J 
And on this Prophecy our bfefled Saviour doubtlafi reflefteit when ac we read [Lm 
xjdii, aS.] he Ittd to the Damhcen of JittfUtMh ffetpL,w0t fir me, hnt Wetp fir yitr* 
fihm* wUfist jwr ChUdrm t fir behddtht D^i ^eeomb^ in which tbtyJhaiifit;,'Bi<pd 
sr4 On TUrrm and the Wmht that never knet mtd the fffi that never gave Smch^ 
Thefe Worda are no odier than the foremcntiQaM Verica of chat Prophecy of M^es* 
which fbeaktof the tender^ md dtBtdtetVemam't eating heremn ymtg Child fir hnkgfr 
fieretif $n the <%#. Which Fad Jefiphtu tdls m wai mqft ]remarkS»ty folhUed in that 
siege in which he wit prefott. [IwU Jnd, vii. 8.] And there alio [ch. xy.l he teUi us of 
above looo Men* among whom* wen two of tiie moft bloody Zcafots of all (be Jewijh 
Nation, that bad bid tboolelvet in the bottom o* Jeveral Jakes to elcapc the hands of 
die Remanu thdk$ M doubt» were intended in thofe Words of our Saviour iLnhe 
acziii. 30.] forettlliog ot thole whoAould cry to the Menntahu, and te the WUs f fiU 
en themt ^miffMwr Acw 60m the dreadfol Judgment of God. And 

Settndfyi Anodier Cauft afi^naUe herei v^c. ,wby God wcxild not pemdt the City and 
Temple to be taken by the Ramans at that time'; ii this* v£k. Bccaule though Cefiius hia 
Attempts upon ^mifSiAai weie now indeed within the ONE WEEK determined np§m 
Her, yet they were in a time preceding^ and therefore ezdufive of the diftinguilhed he- 
ter HALF Part of die Wedc* moreimmediately in the Prophecy before us fit apart for 
her utter Deftmdion t As Cefim*e Ezpedidon and Ai&ulc b^ned in the Year 66, and 
Ibme Mondis before che FOtmary in eAlth the HALF fatrt •/ tbit Wetk htgan. 

Thujemfa/em could not be deflfoyed before the8INGLE*or feventieth Week 
of this Propiiecy was cornea itis certain* beenile there was firft neceflaiily to preoeda 
snUniveffilPMto^r/MiffrAeGOSPELr Mdt.xi&v.l^ TVs 0»fiei rf the i^dim 
fidll he frtached in all the Wertd, But tl^ was not eooom^Khed 'till the Tear 62, rhe 
Yeaf preceding diat in wMcb began die bdk Week of diis Prophecy. Then the Gofpeiwai 
MibliJhed all over die JRfMMs Empire: and dus is what ia meant by the WOULD in 
mtuMSai£^f^ A^p^temihf'^ Lake te ham t^ Itisthtf 

^hrale which thei^MMw cooftandy ufid* calling the lUman Empire> hnferinm Orkit 
Ttrramm, And that the Gofpel was by this dme thus piibl i aied, wehavetheTefiimony 
ef 8u Panl, [Col, u 6t ft}*] ^^*^ ^ writ that Emftle* vbc in Cbrifti 62. [Pearfim 
Op. poflb. p. 20.1 It was^ this dme preadied> fir a Ifitnefi mtte A& Nations, of the 
imrealbnable Ohmnacy of the Jems ^ and then, and therefore not before. fhonU the 
END eeme, vix^ die ONE WEEK fpoken of by Daniel the Prophet for the Deftruaw 
on of Jtnfalenh and the Jtmijh Commonweddu But fHli che Immediate AcoompiiOt- 
nenc hereof could not be but In* and with die Latter HALF Part of c^is tVeek, becaule 
the fartiaUar SventS9 or EXPRESS CHARACTERS thereof coQcpreiiant of* or con- 
joined with that DeftruAion.are immetfiatdy in che Prophecy appropriated to the HALF 
mof dwtWaafc.^— KowoBdardMrefoce diacCi^if did no move chanacwe have 

T ' ftan 


174 A Chronological TaJbk ^ ' 

fetn tbove* tt the time of liit 4pp«i^ before Jtnfdim^ — -^ A< vet tlie Siyrwm 
0OC oome opoo bcr, 'whenaocordtxig toourSaviour'c Praphec^f [£.«)hff six. 43.} Hef 
Emmits fhuUd c^ a Trmch skmt btr, sndcam^s[i her ftmd, m Hef hefin m tvet^fidt^ 
Therefore vre find nothing more thsn tn advancement of the Bmum Anny under C*fintf 
before JenfMemt and a fiidden Aflkdi. or two» at above i Uft under jUm m Chii$ 
70 there ww a forma], and indeed alurpriitosly quick Opoiing of die Trencfaett [See 
Jvf, bd. Jmd, 1 ^. c. 1 3. and Gft. on Mst, xxiv. if.] <«ni Jm tk$ fpsce ff i*r4r 
Vays: and tben was molt truly* andproperlyiiilfiUed ibac of our Lords ai recorded hjr 
St.L»kt^ [xti, 20.^ vim, )^dilemUthmg COMPASSED mtbAmUs* Sa thmt k 
fitmi at if the efpeoal Providence of Cod permitted the cDining of Cf/Mu before Jft^ 
fiUm merely by way of Anticipation, at au the CbrifiiMmsttten at Jenf4dtm» vtta torn 
Man« are laid to have been gone away^ before Z7iMtf't^coittng,_aiia fitting down befoi^ 

^L.. ^Z m^ Vi^^L^ 1?.^.^^L VJ«^L ^?.««^l IIW •!« 

the City. [See Bi^tk. Hift. Ecd. iib.xii. & y. and BM. de Fbnd. & MenC c. 1 5-. aoU 
,Pr. Hmummdy Anoot. p. lag.] They might now diink of what our LKvd had dif- 
couried with them conccmine tneDeftflidion of Jtfufslemt and eondude that the waao 
was then come for it, appIyTngiheaccomprtfiimentoiF our Lofd's Sign [Lnkexo*a^oJ 
fo the appearing of that Army, and oon£mog our Lord's Warn^g f»r Hi^t to thcnt- 
lelves only ac Jermfalem. BUt th!^ Flight o^ tbdn ooold be oi^y by Amiapation of oor 
Lord's Sign, unlels it codd be certaiafy inaieoBt> chattke Sigpi meotion'd by St. Xjalc 
did refer to the fitting down of Ctftiut before JermfsUm, But that Ae kamed Gratiis 
[in Inc. Sup. dr.] hath moft properiy referr'd Vi Titmh as baviilg in fell accomplifluneiic 
ONLY by him. However evidently the Coming of C^m eaaSi ooebe the Interpvetaa- 
cn, uor the Accompliflimentof the Sign which CM^ ouotesiirom Pimr/tbePiODhet, 4* 
recorded by St- Mattbem, and St. Mark : of wliicb I dtaU have occafion to fpcak mote 
anon, [%ix, in the next Note b } — •-* And there is One^thing more: which ieems phi*- 

to all the CkHJhmtt throughout JVBe^^jfi and yet remaining in i^ as doubtlcis th< 
. were numbexs ot them at the time of the taking* and burning of dte t*eaaple by the 7 
nwis ; for whole GENERAL Prefervtoon our Lord wasooncem'd* [even as bang 
EL£(T> M«/' xxiv« aa.] by giving them Warning fortb^tb. to qiAt tbit whole Coi 
try, which was tben (urely eiv'n up to tbeitMiij* Fire and Sword» as they might then 
a cenainty hr«w snd imderfiamd that it was fo giv*n up, when tbey fiw THAT a6faia ' 
fuiailed in the FINAL I>caru£UoDof cheTEMPLEt which be M Rioted to ch< 
from the Prophet DsmiU 















to tifp loft Week of this Prophecy. zjS 

^tFlTchu time Kiif " 

"tig Jrws, bdng ^ . __ 

Ic ims between Winter, and Spring, ac- 
n»da% to Jefifbiu. (m) 

And this War, as ic was of three years, 
and a half continuance, it did therein liifH- 
ciendy dlftiimi^ the HALF Part of this 
Ifetk, as being what was therein inccfSntly 
oiorci or lela caufing from the bc^aning of 
it> and in the end thereof adualiy did cauJc 
thoTe two remarkable EXPRESS CHA- 
RACTERS of it to be accomjdillied to- 
jetlier with the final deftru^onot theXem' 
[Je, and City of Jeruf^m. 

Aag. 2tf. Ended tMs Prophetick Year." 

Aitg. 27. Began ti»q fifth year of this Wee 

In this ytas'Vthi^tm went on with tlie 
War. and fubduetrdl GtiOtt. ' ' 

v*Hf. ao. Ended diis Proi^etick Year.' 

W Bd-gW ill. 4. wIoEdlt. Wp^p. Hit. 


A CbromUpcalTnile 


G4llu Emp. 

VI. 6S 

in\ 1 

1^1 1 i 






-A«. » I Began the Sixth Year ofdu* WeelrJ 
In thky ear ihe Qui^ in the EmpiTc rSca 
che outer Column^ causM a Jlyknii^ ofthe 
War with the Jran (o). \ 

And yet in dib Year^ Vtffafan nduced al| 
the reft trf Pal^imt txapt ynvjalm, and 
thiee or fijur Oiot^ Holds in Pfnek ff). 

''<«■ 15 Ended this ProtiUedck Year. 

^H- j6 Bttao the Scveatb and Laft Yeat 
of Duties Sgk met. 

— lo toil Year. Vtlp^Ux jntrTuit^ thq 
hopes of the Empire,' (dif the War in /■«&- 
^ptt to\at Son Zl^a/, wh|) pk>l<(cuKdit vi^ 
jtaBufly. (yj ; ) ' 

■ A little before die Passover, whicli 
[hia Jfear was on .^fri! i^, 7jtui began tbq 
Sidge of Jerttfabm : acc^rdii* to 5§^Aw] 
(r) \irfio was pre&nt et ic; ' He therein fliu^ 
up an innumerst:^ Comnny of Peo[^ than 
#ere come thither to the ffeaft. Tbore were 
redraned iiooooo of dicin to hare died i^ 

ft) V..14. OtlsE^i. H94: B laol. 
M VL t. Or ia £«[. Ita^ ^ ni|. 

> •-» 


§0 the lafi Week of this Prophecy. ify 


(^ S U 



KJ »-♦ 


M ' 









fi. • 


(| the Siege> and in chs taking of the Tem->. 
>* pic, and of the City 3 and 97000 taken Cap^ 
ti?e (/> . 

and OBLATION cerfed : wherein was ac-* 
cotnpliflicd the former of the two ExfrefsCha^ 
raShrsof thediftineuilhed HALF Partof tbi$ 
W^ek : And thereby an End was put to thQ 
Worfliip of <jC)d . in his Temple. 

Aug. loth, TheTem{dewasfetonfire(«^4 
- And then at the very jundhire of itsDif- 
folution, even while it was in Flames, thel^ 
man Soldiers ('vj) fct up on the Battlement^ 
of the outer Wall thereof, the ABOMIItA^^ 
TION if PESOZATSON fpokiv rf A^ Dani* 
el the Prophet (x)y viz, the Stjmdards 6f Aeir 
Legions under which they now made pefolati^ 
QUy and therefore {^Sdk^h^thcyAbcTmtiatimc^ 
Defilatitrnj as every Standard liad paiiited on 
it the IMAGE of the Tutdat God of tha| 
Legion (r) : to which the IRmant ianificedi 
{x) after tneir idolatrous m^inner, as they itoo4 
crcaed^panthcHOLY PLACE^Wfeewi^ 


W 3^* bek JW. ¥1*. J 7.. or In Mr. Hudf^u. ripi. • 
(0 VM.4. or InEdic. //ffi^« p, i26d[. jr«tf^v lmeti» 

'^ ^J^iMirvflM rS ^t§£ «g rh iHfAW i^l rothp 
mii ttBvffoijIf, yhe biviifions and Difti^ions of cl^ 
Jtvs were now lb great* and fuch their imminent danger 
m>m the Ramans^ as would not give chem liberty to actend 
CO thar accuftomed Sacrifices. Apd probably tie; might be 
{alio ftroghtned for wane of yiftims. 
I (») vin 1 5.. OrlnSdit. Hm^f^p. 1283, Xtv^itrtt on fi» 
jby a private. Soldier, contrary to theindinatioiii and con»* 
jmand of Titmst who uled great endfavoiurs to b^ve fived ir» 
ibazardiDg his own P^fon to have q^ucnched tbeFIame> ; 
.but all in yain i and no winder, at a greater than 77/«r,bad 
npw irfeverfibly doom'd it iq Alhea, . It is Jofetbns bis 
Obienration thatt the Mdiersiet iton fire^ diwno qmdam . 
Mo/s imptttu 

dTtifrm «iy*^Wnrrt< m« £H|ilAIAS uq tJ *IEP0H 

SAN Ti dwTwkdvn^, [Bel. Jii^^ii, 13. orinEdir* 
ih»^» p. laS^J («) As our Lord's WoRls aie> 

' Aff . xxlvi I f . iy) Jrf^hm rAmiq.xvUi 7;] 

tdlsui that when y$tetSm» Govemour of %jnay was goini 
to wft tfanugb jMdda with a Rtnum Army agdWl the ^- 
w^/iiJM, fomc of the principal Jnw n^et him, and begg'd 
hiro earneftiy to lead his Army another wavi becauietbey 
could notbear the Sight of ebofe IMAGES, which the rU 
mans had paiwcd on their ENSIGN^. (jrrSetr 

Kot«i». (*)Af<«.xxiv.i5, 

27i , ^ Chrandtogical Table 

ym moft Ailly accompm^sed {h) the latter fclenm Aj^^yr C6si^ 

' (0 EmilfltMf1iii]iie£aieMiOerofni&»»iiowonr1iyUSi^^ 
fk]aeixxinthf accoimlifliiaemof dot filGN ^▼'n tolii»I)ii^^ aftheiimaedi^- 
tee fore-runner, and lufe fign coiKom l iH«of tfaefinlDdBnaicmoif die Jtrnfi^Qkanh 
And ComoKm-WciIdi feD out aooordin^y^— « -^ TUT w «i^m jfc«a tkefi tbmgs he f ims 
Che QueSioa put to our Lord bv hitDlmtolefy J/iiir. xxLy. j.--^ Wbac ikkag^ ? «— *- die 
Deftroaionof tbeTMi^, tnddte £^Pi»f /ArliVtf*— — [nx»s> 3.] that u, tke 

end of the Jn^TMuaMsm. In tmver Oar Lofd told diem* (v. 14.) dw ^AW^ 

liing^ flmUmiht'du iktGtf^HwM Ji9fifr9fdtUmKt»M[tb€WwrU. [Seedielalb 
Koce A] -*-r- But if cbey wotild be more pardoilar. Oar tcrd bid thea to think d 
what PjhiV/ die Prophet !ildi,vfa. that die ABOMINATION of DESOLATION 
fiioQld ftand in die HOLY PLACE> («. i j.) — - Wfaenorer diey lliould &e ditt coni# 
to pafi ; they were of a centinty to condode diat then Cmtlwmaimm mrst tk Urhe^& Re^ 

imkucM Jadxoiuoi. The Matter df Faft fell out aoeordin[^v> and (hews usevidaif 

17* that tfal< i< the interpretation* and aecompKflunentof whu tkriji here ^udoed ^om 
the Prophet Damiel.-'-^ Therefore not ibi . 

Firfit HUtt/s Attempt to fet up the im^e of tUerhu in the Temples af Ibme have inta* 

?*ned > nor Secmdfyt liiat of Caims to (et op his o^ui there^ as ^wierst partKalarlyt' Mr* 
yMatXJaD. Chion. o. 10; s Nor THrdfytthe Prophanadoa of the Temple by the ZtaHoU 
in theblood/hedt add flaQghteroocafioned by that Faction ivho had feiudtq^ theTemr^ . 
vle» as Capetimti Nor Fmrtbht thecomine of CiJHm with the AaeMii Army before 3%t- 
rmfslem\XkChnm66i [SeethelaflNoce/.J fordie HOLY CITY fiitt remained for (obm 
fears after all chefe imagined Acoomplilhmcnts 0^ this Si^, and the TEMPLE ^ 
namfing in which the SIGN was m be aocomplilhed ; Nor Ftfihfyt T$tms his oomrnaodu^ 
bis Image to htfttmp> in ihedelolated Temjde j Much left the placing of the Statue of J£e?> 
drtM on Horfeback in the ruins of dM Temple long after, evm beoulh die Acoomptifit* 
snent of the Sign, is evidendy cxinjoined with the. deftm^ioQ of the Temple i -Nor 
JSixtbhi isDrPridUMXt tnd Mr Lmufigfj even TSmi his ARMY itanding in dv 
HOLY LAND, and attacldng, and taki^ alio die HOLY CITY» becanle Cefitms W 
in ibmemeafure done fo before ; and yectbe Temple, and City ^remained : and howcMr 
they were finally deffroyed hf TUm, iod this was tne immediate Codftquence of the It^ 
Hum Army dieir fbndingin the H9fy LtauU and even in the Hafy City 3 yet fuch general 
Expoficion comer not up to die true, and proper incerpretttioD* aiid acgompUlhmeot of 
what CM? ouotes from Daniel: forafiwidi as the word f^lj]} in die Prophecy, add 
the HOLY PLACE i^ken of by our Lord, IMat^iaav, ly.i do certainly import (bme 
siore fblemn, and pargcalar place than hardy tiie Htfy Lmo, or even the Hoij City. 
They doubdeG import the l^PLE, as therdn immediately widi the 'difiblurion diere- 
of this Exfrefs Cbaraiier was to have its accompUfhmcnc» and had it accordingly. And 
berdn die die foUowing Reaibns may fiilly cotrnrm us» 

Firfit The Interpreters of MtExfrefs Cbaraaer in the large (enie .thereof as above 
giv'n, in order to give it itsacoompliflimentthercji are forced to rendof the Piophedck 
Word Csmaphhy the Latm ULA, and thereby they underfiand an ARMY, whereaa 
there is no maniier of ground for it hdre. For tiioi^b the Latm ALA be put for EX-- 
SRCnVS, and ALe/£t iaidi ^imfstf, pro COfHSmetapborke, mt Ifaiah viii. 8, yet to 
this it i| replied l^ One here [Grafirms^ VideJh\t Syiupf. in Dmti p. ijjf.j «^. 
I^AM Lattuis eojenfn fmrnl cmeedot Canapb Hebrads perwige. Difpar efi Leemt Ifaiah 
viii. 8. Jbteiim (they are the wordsof Graferm) Vott efi VS 12 ^ P^aU, vel dmaU^ 
^tui 4e Exerdtibm hmptratvfwn drcmmch^ektibus reSe, ^ ettgamter Mtttr. ifm ifff^ 
«J3 ^ SingnlarL Peinde ibi oMtiirjvex mQQ yme maximam metMb^rm partem 
pitinit, EXF^NSWNES, iufmt, ALaKUM^s repiebtmt. — - 1 add, 

Secatdfyi By way of confirming this Aflercion, and in nvour of the Prophedck WQr4 
C| 13 its figoifytng the Temples and the refbtdion of die aocompli/hment of this Sign 
to^ the TEMPLE, that We have the audiorityof the foUowing Verfions for it, if/«. t&e 
of die Ixx, at we read Ivivi 'lEFONBJiiiSy -Epq^. [Ex. Vat,^ ^nd miRiftt^m^ 
(Al. MS*] So that however diey uoderflood thofe words of IfiUb above quoted at 
tndy denodng the ARMY there meantrfind accordingly xendred diofe woids by i wtifgy^fi^ 

dvktt yet here they anderflood the word l»|]3 V^^ odierwife* evidendy anderftsnd- 
iog f t of the Temple, and fb Hmidng the aofompliihmenc of the £ X PR E S S C H A<> 
^ A C T E R to the Temple. - — And fo^alfci thie V; L. expreffly, F^rit m TS MP L 

AbMt^V^eL Aad fb likewise di«^r4lt/ciftVerfiQD»ikpsr ^^J^CTU^RIUAtL 


- Tbfrdff 

\ . ' . ^ ^ i, ■ t. '» •> ' '1 

to the J^ Wetk of this prophecy. ?75» 

fbifdlji The Occafioiit and Situation of our Lord when he referr'd faisDifcipIes to ch* 
aGBbmpUlhaient of liib S{gM> tiinits it plainly^ to tt^femk. —-The occafiost as the Tcm * 
fie was then the immediate Subje£l of tneir iMlcourie. ^A^^^i xxiv. i » 2. Mark ki'ii. x i 
2.^... .The Sicuationi as our Lord was then together with his Pifciples in the Mount «f 
btivesy in tbetaireft view of ^e Temfle» [Grot, on Mat, xxiv. i, and alio Lndovi de 

Diemon Mark xiii. 3.] And as the Roman ENSIGNS, by reafon of che IMAGES 

of chdr GODSyTjftiiiied oil them vei< a& IkBOMINATlON £0 the 7«»i, *tis out of 
doubt that they could be never morelo, than now when they were triumphan ly let up^ 
on the TEMPLE* ^ As the Jeios could not bear «he Sight of thofe IMAGES, only as 
fsfling throagb their Llsd* TSe» the lafi Note >] much kls coyld they bear the Gghcof 
them, when they sow Ciw thole BELLORUM PU, £as Taeitm ca U tbemj thoTe GOPS 
of WAR ftaMAg on the Temple of the GOD of iSRA^L : Erpecially as they now 
faw them SACRIFICING to them tbere»as they ftoodon the HO .Y PLACE, fi/^tfr. xxiv. 
I J.] and therefore the PLACE wherciA of all others cbofe IDOLS OUGHT NOT to 
liavefiood* iMark, xiii. 14.] 

And now the SURE SIGN of the downfall, or otter ruin of the Jem(b OeoonomJ 
being thus acoomplifhed in» and with the Deftru&ion of the TEMPLEt our Lord's Dtt* 
dpleswho went doobdels maoy ot them vet in Jmdsat were without delay to take warn* 
ing, and be gone awa/, as fall as they could out of that Country t as the Raman Fire and 
Sword was not to flop at JerrfaJem, but to ravage throughout that WHOLE C0UNTR1C* 
either to the murdering, or captiv^tinga even to the making aFULLENPof thaic 
Nation. For the SIGK giv'n being accompliflied, the Sentence was irre^erfible^ — - 

[jSiffomm Hoc &profrimm erat ret SifftatM,& CBRTTZUDINEM habehat mn ex natttrali 
eofifeomeMtU, fid ex diifimo Decreto, Orot.mMat. xxiv, if.} •Therefore did our 

^M ', [ifU, They thu were any where ttt that Cotmtrji not in the midft of Jenualem, for 
it wasnowimpoffibte for liiem to get out, and our Lord's Difciples had been all provV- 
dentially gone out before. [See the laft Note U\ —^ And Finally our Lord's W^ R 2f^ 
-tifG t9 Hee inallthciePhces, is by oo*means limieable to Jermfa/em, but is giv*n at 
'JatM, ttod plainly intimates that no One that would now be (aK» mould abide any wher& 
in ymdoit All that follows thereunto relating are no other than proverbial Speeches ap- 
pficable to Cafes pf great Delbladon, and fignifie as much as this, via:. Let every One at 
*tkattimem Jad«>»(fr for himfelffor a ffaceof relief % and make theftcmefl it treat 
$hat he care. *«— Fl^ant ad MONTES ^ — ix% ad Montes JndaMa^i a Rovtanismoc^ 
'flxmignatl fuv, tefle Jofepbt [beL Jnd, I. 3, iz ; & iv. 2.] Sed (loquitur Chrifi$u) ex 
vulgari more fugiehfium ad Montes, taiiquam<LOCA TUTA. iLntfi 'Bri^^flt aj^u4 
ItJe is Synopr. in M4/^ xxiv* i^« p. ; ySiJ 

J 4 



2So A Cbtmoli^ied Te^le, &c. 


r»Btr dfltM HALF PjuLufi l ibW^tirt i J^ 
u it was the SIGN itnmediately fore-runaii^ 
vkI accogwumi^ die i^ier diOblutioaoLt^ 
Jt-anfh Qmrchi andStxe: crmfs no\rthe 
END if) of iton wacccrtaimy cbmelacbe 
Deftniaioo si the TEMPLE, 

Aocordii^y Iboa after the lower Giy wa 
burnt (S). 

Stft. i. foUoniog the lipp«r Gxj was ta« 
ken (*). 

Then All WM thrown down totfaeGtound. 
exoepths (»)ly a pan of the w^tfm Wall, and 
[WO or uute Towers tefoVd as Monuments 
of Vifloiy (/). And the Plou^ was drawn 
over the Ground (g) on which the Cky, and 
Trmple had flood, to Oiew that dte Ji*M<aK 
meant diistobea FINAL DESTRUCTI- 
ON, filch as wai foretold to this Prophecy 
(h): andtoflievilfi), and mere panicRlarqr 
that there was mt new ONE STONE k^ tf- 
m mwtitr, according to oar blefledfSaioour'a 
Pto^ada of the C^ if), and oF'dw nM». 
pi W » before DOtti— ::::; , " ■ 

MviLfa. oru>E*niM".p.M»o. ^ "^ ■ 

Lf J At aboTi oUcrv d friun Crwiah 
f») »«. U. 16, 17. 





h ' ' - - ' 

.•• • ■ • .: . 


N D 


' ^Bf<fawr>HisafitientM<»ifixie Ckfytis^'t Qnr in 5>rilif> tafen 

^f of Time, p. 23d. Exphin* m Fb. Neebo, X4f *— -~ this 
eihyLaMffMs^ ib.inM/.~- Qcy,* not die Citf Jen^^ 

'mmJSfj Biihcp fearfin. ' %n km» i^i biit iSbo^arcbemafb 

/Era Chr$fiUma» when> and by of the Scriptures, \i47> ^r. 

whom introchiced iSo injM>/« fituate near the E^hrates ib.— 

:i4|f;^l^iMir when he flouriflied 180 Probably the Hmt^j^ of Sj^ 

mnaf. ria ijo in m#.-— Another Ch 

AkxMder M, Hit Favour to the Vf dt that Name, 149 ^ buc 

^fnur 170, in wf. vokiUoiMyerufibm, 159 

ilvy, t^iiig of Efffi) the P&»^ C^^fbasy when Doade High-Prfefty 
'raob-kifbra of me Scri p tum, ^^6 

^/^^^tffitf of JUK&/#r quoted^ a^S eit ii}({&iiMr. ^ 

^^^XH (LP9igfMams}'''Kmg C^M$jr Sctyemia bj ■» ■ and 

' toExrsy in favour of the Jews CarebemjP^y SecCMfytt. 

220. — Not die Cmmamlmetff Qfimty'\ His iluGng the Siegii of 
referred to by l>4JNf 4 in his Pro- JmpJm accomned for ^73* 
pheqrbFmeWeebi2X. — His 274 

Commaadmnty orGranttoNis CbsraSm JSxfnfsm the Test to 
AnwAjbindieioth Year of his* be cloiHy adhered tOy in the 
Re^ proVd to be ic» i34> £z{)tuiadoQ of diis Ftcqpbecy. 
t8o.— The Yearsof his Reign ^ ^mj 

cbnfider'dL 175 — ^ tio. Cb0rm$ <£ lamffiewty^^His rCo- 

J4jhi» AABgjfUai^ KIng» ixAxo ftimbnv as to die Fl%hk of* 
have added five Dayj to the old Ibetinflocks, too&iafd. 
year iijy **»^* Whaefn eQiedaUy the 

B. ibffab die Prince^ x83> in mSi^ 

" 184* A IQO, i*. 

Bf/» Hb Temple decked wiOi — ^His, and >fo die BapdfiV 

- die Spoib of War> taken by Miniiby cof£der'd 1889 ^-c 

' nMebdihexaMt in tt Sjriam *-~ His l%>y? Fattaver, 189 

"•-^•' * 56TheSiaNfci€fej5Jic3few i 

r *■» 


I N D E X. 

to fortbe proof of lis Mffli- 
0Dy iQo.— — His Difc^es 
Aepcdorwgd prepaid by mm 
lor his approocntng Suflferiogs* 
flfr.— Proi^Mscy ofbisDettb of 
theneardd Importance. 208— ^ 

The Time when he (hould be 
taken up [crucified] 210 

He could not be put (D Death 
but ac Jerufalem* 213. Nor 
there but at PASSOV£R> ih^ 
—even when his HOUR was 

foreoouldnolbedie twmiumif^i 
mem referred to in t^ Pnq)hc- 
cy of the Wtefciu 4^3^ i«, 
152. — the firft Tear of ms 
reim the iame both in Z«r^ 
and in Xsnofkomy 44. ' — His 
Seven Years rem according 
to them> aiti 9 Years reigi) ac- 
cording to VtAmyy recoiKuled> 
«».~tbe firft Year (tf Us Rqm 
according to Jofe^mh tnd the 
Fbmmdam Annals» 62, 6- 

come «ft.~He was cut ctf of A ComputatioQwof his TflfH 


a oertainty in the 19th Year 
cf TIBERIUS^ 195, and in 
SMM Ai-^after the ezpiratioo 
of DaMkPs J Weeks* and 62 
Weeks> 208, 21 3> viz. in the 
PASSOVER next ibUowing> 

Years Keign giv'n him by ib 
Hiftorians accounted fbr« r^.~ 
His cutting the River G/mJeg 
into 160 Guiales accounted 
for* 237 


<fr. 214 Datuel 1 1. waijer. xxv. i. con- 

PROPHECIES concern- fider'd, and reconciled^ 4^. 

—At Babylon had the. Prophe* 
cy,of the Weeks revealed to 
mm) 43. When captive to 
Bahjimh 47. Whv not con^ 
fiilted by Ndmbsiiezzart as 
CO his Dream> before the Ma- 

fidan^ 4S. His. AOfterity^of 
.i|e> and Devotiolt 50. * Plo- 
bably about fixteen r^ars. of 
Age when made a Cappve, 
52. Hi^y favoiir'd of God« 

^ it% ymtfiJem moft trulyi and 

cxaaiy hiUitted, 266 &€. 
—His WARNING tohis Dit 

dpks td flee upon the Deftmo- 
' lion of Jerufiuem, how to be 

imderftood. 279 

2 Cbronifies Txvn. 2q» ai. ex- 
' plaiAedy 25 C^- - - 

Ckdmbft LmSus^ his Riddle of 

the Mootbs> and Diiys in the 

Year. ^l% 

ibmeiRMt Nid^ his Teftimony as 

touching the fligbt of Thm^o- ^Hls Proj^ecv of dw. J^^«ex««. 

ikt cdnhder^d. \ 177 pb|ine(d» i ore* and ehewl|nr» 

^fm, the Opinibn of the Anci- ^x^ ia2> 18 j &i^ 199. 208^ 

cnts and Smdems concenxing 258^ 278., . . 

him. 174 l>^ff ( the 46^ > tosn^ King 

IDvtMs, his Teftinaooy as to toe over ^ChaUeant, ^^.^mff^- 

Years 0^ ^^^. among the, eel ^ Years. 30 c^'c. 

Je^s j^ in m$. Hjjl4^» His Decree' in fiyt»iir 

tfut^^^ He had not dip -Sove^ of the Jtw confideredj xiS. 

raignty while J>mm liv'd. 39. 

_His mem for ^^^ fdeafe of 
the ^V^r wtot not fonb 'till * 
after Bmhtft Death, ' 43 

|c regarded only die BuiVing. cf,. 

|be Temple^ M; ^ ^&a^ 

It related ^xS» to the Temples 
ih^ aiid tfaerdbce could not be 
the Giiuwi^Hiitoj s l refined to in 
tbe Praipb^ of, fl»Weefa 
I x9.^Tlie Years of his Bii^l 
CQmiciet^3[» I74» xn6y 180. 



1 N 0'E"X; :. 

DAYS, EfW^omcnai whtfa ftrft MROUGHOUTtheRwwji 
introduced a34 miw#. & 235. World, ^ ajj 

The Abomination of DESOLA- Gratmy the Rp«w^v Oovettiour 

TION (poked of by Darnel > of jMea, when pat. in, md 

the Prophet, wherein fulfilled, when rccaU*dhomhi$ Govern- 

I 277 tneau t^S 

JHoJom Skulusy his Teftimqny ' '^.^ ,, 

as touching the flight of The- Haggm L 4, confidcrd^. 15 j 
iwiffii^/w conlidePd> 177 e^<^. BerodSkm upJ^iwiinKrifon, t ja 
laid afide.hy Mr lioiiwell in Hefodotus moft probably, not j at 
that Particdar, **• Jtr «/ifo» in bis Trayels, 14$ 

j^mffms Bxiffmfy when he intro- Hiring King of [netvj Tyrey ia 
duced the Cfer^w» iEnb 185^ his 14th Cj/m was made Em- 
in ao^. ^ perour of P^r/oi 4z 

E J 

J&yi>/, the lorty years Defolati- JANUS his Temple fliut in tc- 
Sns of it, \Eiekiel xxix. x.] . kea of GENEkAL PEACE 
whence to be dated, 33. 272 

Ezyptians, their Feftiyal Days in j^cmab, the true Year of his Cap- 
a certain fpace of time, run , tivity, ^8 .&c — true Year of 
through every day in the Year, his Relcafe out bf PrUbn ac- 
239, and 241 in not. cording to the Scriptures, 37; 

EBimt the then H^h-Pxieft, and according to Jofipimf the fame, 
not ]^ada in that Text! J^b. €6 &c. vfe. not *cill after the 
xiii. 28. Evil MrqJacb re- Death oi Nebuchaifiexzar, 6% 
leafeth Jeemab out oJF Prifon, feiwaim, the 4th o^ his Reiga 
37, 66. The Tradition (rf his . coincident with the J&y? rf^J^fe- 
icignii^ twice confidered, 67 h/chadaezzar [the Son,] >r. 

Exekiely cb. iv. 4, 5, 6* donfi- xxv. 1. f. 46^ as^i ^ accord- 
dei^d, 82.— His mra of Reck- ing to Bmfis» $6; , 9Xtd Jt^fe^ 
oning in his Prophecies 3i>— fbtus 66r^yo. 
when he 'had the Prophecy in Jerermab, ch, xxv. 11. explainrf, 
cb. xxix. 12. againft Fbaraob jp.22.*^His Letter £o die Cap 
Hefbra. 3* tives at Bia*jii>», 2^— C&^//er 

Exray his &ft of Cyrus^ 43..— xxxvE 7, fulfilled* 3^.' -His^ 

.. vindicated as to his giving ys a \ a3d rf NikuebadnezMr .m sb. 

fiill Copy oi Cyrus his Decree, lii. 30, not poffiblyof the Fif- 

irj^Cbafttf iv. 12 confi- ri&«' but of the SON, 70, c^r. 

cfay, . 153 Jerufilem, Seventy Years to be 

. G accompliihed in her Defdati- 

eaike, there Cbrifi began bis ons, 22 — Four rcq^al Perjum 
Preaching, 15^0 Grants and no more we read 

ddatiah made Govemour over of in Scripture to have gone 
the Cities oijudah, after the forth in her favour, loi, iitf, 

•- Deftruflion of tbeCity> and . n& lao, 125,—Not, rebuilt 
Tempie by 1*^. 19.— trcach- by virtue of Cyr^s bia Decree, 

. crou^ kiiiy. , ft. , litf.— remained unbuilt long 

GOSPEL^ wlien publi(he4 . msr that other Ciues of ftM 
■"■.''''■" ■ ' had. 


tud been rebuilc i4o.^How- y^fif^^* reconcii'd with S6np^ 
ever rebuilt widuo the ficft ture«* as to fais b^inning, and 
PROPHETICK Period (Dam. ' coding of the Bak. Capdvfty* 
h. aO of vli Weeks, or forty 55 C^^.-^ r^ht fromBirvfif, 
niae Veat3> I42t 144.— There* 5<^» 58 — viiKUcaced as to his 

' fore 00c poflibly rebuik in die firft ^ Cyrus, 61 &€, Pardtu- 
axft of ^ta9s. iMgmmm^ ib. larly in^. tf;.--^ Alfo vindicatecl 

' sod ft. X43 in Mor.^Mofl: pro- aa to his Chancer of time of 
batuy not ieen by Hrrsk^/ar in ifae Siegeof 2^, ^4-»Hir A- 
bis Travds, i46.*«-why called greement wida the Scripturea 
the HOLY CITY, 15a--. indieKinBiof><&*,6o,76. 
Her REPROACH mendou'd Jojuih, (King) His Death, 14* 
in Pifiv. ix. 16. taken away by ^ydJh^ ib. sdir. 284 and zlv. t^^ 
KebemiaVs rebuilding of the coafiderVl, t^t ^r. 
WALL, 1 5 5 — In her finaLDe- I£hy the Batde there when feti|rfft 
ftrudfioQ by Tttut was accom- between jA -M and Dsf . &- 

Jti/hed Dnr/. xxviib 45^~^7«^ *''*"'» 238 in mf. 
let END when it waa come* ItMa/y King of [CHd] 3r>rr/» 
273.— 'The* lower City when . Ws 7th 33^ was bcfiegVI by 
burnt, :^8o— Upper Ciry when - King NeMchaibtezsurry 64-^-He 
taken; ifc--C*r//*s Warning t<> >'^«ned t^Yeaiaj ifr. 

'fcis Difciples to flee upon, die jM^wes wbedier the 49tft or flie 
Deftrufiion^ of Jeruf, how ta 5ioA Year w^it, is a Point dit 
beunderftood, 27^ puted, ^y.— i-Raeefccming by 

yevjs left by Neb. under GedaUah^ Years of ic mdft ufipertain, an» 
thck own fai^t dut diey fhid therefore moft ofidc^^ 74, 75: in 
not ftill in the Land, 19.— w^.~No JW^it^ under the^fc* 
Their Deftrudipn after in £- cood Temple, *7jj 

J5^, tb.— The general Charac- 3%*ilft whenthc»«l*L^tofe/be-''- 
tec of fucbas recum'ditfter die came a DefUdfwify 27 ki9«/s— 
Captivity* 138 — ^Tbetr Pione-: When her Defeiatiw atanend> 
iieo to backiliding, idL-^The 24, 2f, 7^> 7& 
Several Corruptions dieyruniO' Jikiab> Captivity 06 2^4f.<^'^f 
to in tbeabienceof Hghermah, 70 Years determkied coorinq^ 
x(S}^- -^They were, as it iancc>29*io»— fiodii^ofit,* 
were, SUI JURIS, from Mrfc^ and/. 45.— God's Forbearance 

^comii^among them, and .wkhtrntHot^, 82in«/. 
aHbafterhis6teaih,i7«j 171. L 

JOHN tbeBapdft, the Year of hk Mr. Lamafifit 570 Years . 
PreachioK 185, z88. ^H\s and fakl to be eqisu to die Seventy 
our blcfled Saviour's MINIS- Weeb diDam»l, confidered, f 7 
TRY confidcr'd, ik ^f.— The and 75 c^fc- Alfo his 500 Ycat^ 
Condtiuance of jW»»'sMimflry» Period cbnfider'd, 77 c^r .«-Hia 
i92.«^His TeiHinony oiCkrifi, ' Seventh tf Artaxerxes how dif- 

195 fering from PSf»&w/s Canon, 

^oftfh not he, but his Father . 179 y and therefore by no 
.Eliafhib die High-Prieft, when means to be allowed, 1^9,1 SOy 
liappened the ibai^e Marri^j li0nght$,^tQ Ahjfderm. ' ^ 

I N D^ ^, X. 

Uoyi, late Bifliop of Worcefier, chddnezzar ^t&sx^liT€Xt$, 
xhe peculiar Harmony ot' bis ReigDj 47 

HypotheGs of <:larifis beioe f^cbddnemar (the SooJ die firft 
CvTT OFF. after the predided of his Reign ^ual to the 4A 

Period for it, [Dan. he. 25,] 
both with Scripture, and with 
Tukmfs Canon, 211— 214 
Mr*. Lyt^af confuted as to his 
twentieth year of the Reign of 
Atafx. iMgmamu 179 

JMsgJkhm of Berodotns the MtgtJth 
' of the Scriptures, 145 

l^h^^ta^ Nai^ns^ the Year in 
' ufe among thetn« 240 in not. 
j^mmonidfis Teftimony as to the 

])ffllachj God's iaft Prophet to oie 

%w ^The Jeviiftf Tradition 

j tf ciri ng to han the coonpletion 
of bameh Se^btg tf 
iuulProfbecji^ liyimml 

'^^ rf Jehbiakim, 4({-r-«A doui^ 
bie computation df the Yean 
of bis Reign, 47.-^This tfaie Nfiu 
before whom Darnel ttood ia 
the xft Chaffer, and wfadfe 
Dream he interpreted £d die2d 
Cbafter. 4&-»-'>He could have 
reign'd but 2 Years in Goq* 
iuiSftion with his Father, before 
his Fathers Death, ytJ, tff. — 
The Years of his Re^n after his 
Father's Death, 57.— Conjee- 
une of his Age, ik — When ac 
reft fixjmallms Wars, ii,-*His 7 
Years of Madncfi 67.— Reft*, 
ration to his Senfes, and King- 
dom, it. and his Death, i^. 
NebuKinradan, the Iaft carrying a* 
way of theJVxwby hiin, 10, 70* 

jedure as to^de veiy time of JJebemiab, His Petition to King 

^ his PropbecyuKfii. in m#. 
JH^Iarmora^n^ifM^''*^' tho' of the 
gceateft Aiiiiborinr in GrsMm 
' Affiaii%yet not u> in the FerS- 

Sr J. J^Jkm^qwtcd, andlfcfair- 
ted* $fi&»a<, and£8. 

Mto tjbe Aibelum$ Aftrooomer 
when he flouriflied, 236 in m*^. 

Mmiftry when Chrifi. came upon 
Us, 190 

Mondis antiemly confiftiog each 

of 30 Dayp* >3^ ^c^Jevfifib 

only twelve in &cripture» 244* 

245. So in JN(^s time, 2±6 

.^iasM^— -So in it^^, and w«i^ 

rp»'s tim^ if-— So in K. Sch* 

' iptnis titne^ 346.«-*-So in K> Np* 

ifuebaJaefJMr^s time, 237.'— So 

. jn K. Ahafufitm bis time, 247. 

•^Afifm Months from Hemhtus 

Artaxerxes Longimanus^. anc^ 
the Kings Grant of it> 12^-^ 
made Govemour of j^uZea^ 
127— The Text in cb. it. tf; 
coniider'd, if. and xiii 6. ib. 
AJAy vii. 2. if .—Ode and the 
SameCommiffiotifbr his buOd- 
iDg tbe mUb, and 'Streets ^Jq^ 
rufalem, 150, i34.-*NoOcca- 
fion ibr his return to Terfit in 
the 20th rf Artaxerxes, i:3o» 
123. His Method of repeo- 
pung> and rebuilding jWi^/^^ 
143.— He was cmqr and pfo- 
perly the Rebuflder of Jerufa-^ 
W* i55.~His Charrfier, 15 7* 
i^%.-^bapter, xili. 6, conu- 
der'd,*!^©.— The remaioing 
Part of that Chapter alfo tonf:- 
dery, i(J2 d'T— He KvM to a 
great age 170, and tb. note r. 

238. — So upon the Teftimony Nhf ths Egyptian word us'd to 
qt Arijlagor^t cS Mktus^ 238 ugnjfie the Epagoihenai, or 5 
N . addi^ 

fTahopoBafar jie Father of Nff«> 

1 N D E r 

•ddidaDal Days added to tiidr Bhoi i FaUe <6ftoemifig ben ^^ 
eld Your of 3d6 Dsfs oalj, 235 

iBrm, an andeot Meafiue of AMfhcE cf Sjria» 148 

* tkne eipbtf^d* ^37 Bfrn^AodeQC^ their Eztiaaiaa, 

P ^ a3iJ.-.The Jlft^s future 

Paiciial Lamb « qrpe of our Sa- People predided in the Pro* 

viour's Sufieringi» 213 pbecyoftbe fFetis, 5, 257 Mk 

Paflbver^ CMPf firfb 1891— m#. 2(f j in 9#f ^Thetr Gei»- 

TheYearorir> 190 nd CorMo his makiog Peace 

Pr4r>i (Bp.) Sec Mjitmis. with the Kings dO^Panbrnm, 

IVW4016 w^4 cotempoiarv with &c. 171 

Kinu 5%M' aod 7f £i^inte». S 

31.— llie F/jMrMob in Ex^iie/ Sabbatical "^earsj-^tbe Land'a 
xdz. 2) cf r. not Pbaraob Ne^ keeping Sabbath in them was 

dfQ, but fboTMb Hofbra, % i 
pbleginr, his Teftunony as to me 
DTXtematural Darkne(s> which 
happened at the Time of our 
SavioursCrucifizion> 195 inw/. 
•P. P/£t/fj V9btn made Procura- 
tor of fmUa, i^, — when re- 
called> it. 

fktarch, whenheflouri(hed> I79 
-His Teftimony as co the 

it*s re^fivm tHHoBf, iX.- 
Mr. lumcafitf^s 6xppo^A neg- 
led of Seventy of them among 
the Jews before the Captivity 
in no wife pobable, i S.*-«^uCd 
fuppos^d Ncgled riot the wholes 
and Ible Occafiqa of the* 70 
Years CaptiYim 19, ai-— 
Reckoning by Sab. Years mnft 
uncertain* 3^3 

fi^ of Tbemfioch confider^d* ^^bnafius quoted 23; in W . 

* I77» &€. Sardes^ When taken. bjCjrusy :^33 
Prophecy > See Vifion. S^rusy an andent kneafiire of Hkne 
Provklence of God to^ltods the explain'd> ^37 

Chrifiimt at JerufiJm before ^^^'^(JoC) quoted^ sj^inwr. 
her Deftnidlton by reair, 27^ Se^ $frf yijm S9ui Pxofb^ 
Tt9km/$ Canon^ the Chionbio* inD^^ ix. 24* d^e Words oon-^ 
ger's GuUe, 14^ 18&— His , fidei^d, tSf 

Agieemedt every wherits With Semramty her BuiUihe the Wau 

• die Scripmres, i/.— Mr. jLi»- of ^ahjkm 3(0 Furicmp, c^^. 
<i^^'i great Liberty taken with 237 
it, 17? ^m w^— The grcatCrc- Sohiiy HiiDifoourfe wiA CmfrsM 
ditofit, 179— When andhow a38.-<^ When it happened^ tf. 
h-oug^t to lights ik in M/.-^Cst in not^^^^lm Death* #A.-41is 
«i^^«rs joy upon receivingit/^.-- Year for the reguladon of the 
Dr. Priikaux's Liberty with it, SeaTonsa 239.«^It foon fdLik 
185, cf*^.*— thb*^ Pf/iTwjRfj and inw/. 

ABp. Ujber are animadverted Sofis, ac| antientmeafureofllme 
upon by him for a like Liberty expiain'd> ^37 

taken by them, 187 Smdat quoted as to die wcffd 

R r^rvm* 235 in ««^. 

Refiirreaion of Ctrifi^ die Jewt * T 

refen'd to it by him« as die TerUaietx.Kin^ of An!mi»$ Hil 
greats Proof of his AuAority ' Journey V^PJi>m^ &c 271 
and Mimorb 190 

I N . D , E x: 

/; confider'd, 177 
l%achEijpfum€ss^Utoedy 239 in ~ 
: not. 
Ibuejtbdes^ His Teftimony n to 

' de*!, t77»€^ 
S^iusCafiryAt twxvfoldWay oF 

reckomng tbeYears of lusReign> 


Yesr of his Re%n in St . L»i^e's 

Reckoning* 187, 195.— The 

NINETEENTH Year of bis 

^ Reign, the Year CERTAIN 

in which Civ^ Sufier'd* 195 

:A Tme^ what mDMeP^ fenre,25o 

tlMES, to the SIGNS of them 

: the IBhar. and SadtL are referr'd 

\ by CMt, 209 

iSkr«i> Ine year in ufe lunong 

. ' diem> 2^0 in «Mt. 

Tvrr [old} befi^ed by Nelm^ 

iiadnezzar in the ytb or the Ty- 

fi» King 2«Mi44 4$^ w^Taken 

< after a 13 Years. Siqge in the 

endof die %6tii Year of Jeco^ 

, ^ < m4k^$ Gapdnty> 36.*— Kings of 

{new^ 7)Ke accordmg to the 

~ Pk<ma^ Aansis^ ib. 


ytaiar^ ail infecrcakry Month a- 

motig the j%<u;x» nd mention of 

' it any where in Scripture^ 24^ 

Vefiafim (Divus) when heenterd 

into the Jfriu^ft War, 275.-- 

^ 31/is^^ when he laid clofe Siege 

, ID yerufijem,ixj6, — ^His afcri&- 

ii^ the takii^ and Deftruftion 

of it immecfiately to Gpd, 2^7 

•v in 9m. 

KJim ami Trtpbea, ^/&e Sealing it 

op in the Jemjb Church. 167 

W / — ^ 

Weeks LXX of D^w^/.— Nature 

t of them, 8j 78, «r, X8i.--I>i- 

vifion 10, 8 1 .^— i* Pkinly 

FOUNDED in their feverai 

EVENTS, 8|,^not poffibly 

jcqual to f 00 Years in refpea 

of ywUbcfs 77* ^'* "imidi Ids 
DO 570 Years ini^fpeQ: ofSah* 
katkal Years 8o-^ut ]iQpef&' 
rkf equal to 49a Years, ci.~ 
void oi all relscUm eithfer to 
Years of j^j», or SMatkal 
Years, ik and 81 and 24t.-^ 
The Prophecy of them ^die 
gieateft imMrtance, 103.--^ 
the BEGINNING of the SE- 
VEN ^^ix, 125, 134— -Thdc 
ENDING, 15$, ^.—The 
NINE mehs ijY&t. 180..- 
Their ENDING 182 efv.— 
In Dr. Frideattx^s Hypothdls, 

—In Bp, Lloyd's, 198 efv-— 
The E]^ration of them fignt- 
fied by our blefied Saviour, 209> 
aio—The FORM of Year bf 
vriaich we are corecfcon in this 
Prophecy, fee »4ir.— Of the 
Separate ONE Week, or the 
Ij^^ Week of riii& Seventy^ and 
the HALF Part thereof, 2ft 
€^1:.— Of the EXPRESS 
CHARACTERS thereof in 
Bp. Lloyd's Hyp. 2^4.-- In 
Dr. Frideausiu i*.~In Mr. 
Lumeafier'B, /A>-TheSamene- 
ceffarily to be taken in a A//^ J' 
Senfe, 2db.— The BEGIN- 
NlNGof the ONE »^*,27o. 
--Of the more diftiiigaiftcd 
HALF Part thereof, 272.*— 
The ENDING of both, 280 

YEARrof Reckoning in DimePs 
Weeks, 233— <wfe. that which 

anticndy confifted of 1 2Months 
of -30 Days to a Mbnth, i^—- » 
So from the Creation, tf — -So 
atnong the Ji^/, 234--^ The 
Jsmfh Year parricularly confi- 
derU 242 e'r.—. Year of the 
S/mhedrm^ 244*— .this not the; 
Civil Year amotig the ^ews, ib. 
^«-;Ic was ordained oxcrely for 




Ae leguktfeD dFtfae Fefttnb» 
ik. kx ««f .— The yev)i/b Year 
In Vidnr AocouDC in K. Sob^ 
7M^sTiwtia^*''''^oh^ that of 
360 Dtfs both before^ and af- 
ter the Cqpdvity) i^.— So in 
K. Abdfiirm Us Time^ 247. 
—It vna die aatient Year a- 
moDgtbft ^gjfUsm^ i34-««aod 
all Natioiis Jn/r^mj A. in 
a«^.-**So allb among the Greeks 
a^^^-SciH kqpt up in divers 
(Countries in 2>ameF$ tioi^ as 
the Year in Fidls0t Accomn, 43(9 
ii— and long afttr« cveninlXirH 
ms Qkhminmt his time» 237 in 
awf .«— It was the Year among 
the CbJJsamy ib.— So anions 
the FerfoMs after Cjruty and 
Gonfequendy after Dmkh 
tim^ l(.-*<ven in DsrmH^^ 
afik his Timer by Dr. Prari^ 
Avx^s own Tefttmony> j(.— So 
tmong other Apmi Nations, 
the JjfAmn inParticularf 238. 
— Prov'd ftom StMs Dii^ 
courfe widi Crmfust ib.—- As ia 
tbe SmgiUtr^ ibaUbintheCiA 

ZfAm Form* 248.— -FJrib iai 
the AfMcK ib.-^AUb in the 

^ Account diAfiftotk, and of did 
AfbenioMS after his Deaths ^, 
•^Etpedaily in die Account 
thereof among the Peofde of 
God in the B^y^i^Gaptivi* 
ty, 249>--«So alio in the J^tis 
oif AmS. Efifhaweti 250 «»*TDe 
leemin|; Strangeneis to us o^ 
feckoning by uich a Form of 
Year remold* 239 hi mf.— 
from the confideration of die 
Year in ufe among the Thrkt^ 
&& 240 in mt.^^Jukant what 
Form of Year comes neareft 
Co itforendoefiy 239iaM^. 
' '—The fiulure of it» as to tho 
holding PKe widi the Natural 
Year^ 240 in M^.»«iiSabbatical 
Years, Reckoninf by than 
moft uncertain^ 243 


ZedfUsb, die true iitfa Year of 
his Reign» 27.«<--Tbe miilaken 
Yearttereof, H. 28>— inoon- 
fiftent with Scripture> H. &€^ 
and with Jefi^^^ 6^^yx. 




Xff HcKas the Aufkor of chii IVetdie did Ibrmerly Print it hij own immed'nte ExpenoiL. 
^^ tiOxfwrd% on 8 Sheets of Super-xoyal Paper* Vi \L ii«« a Rem* jrooo &et9 
ttf CknmlikdlTskliSf com^eheDdiiig t Svndisoiiifin ot Timiei Sacred, and PropfaaHe^ 
from the Creadon of die Worlds to cbe Deftra^oo. ok JenfmUm by the Rmamt in the 
Year of Chrifi 70* And Whereas lyoo Sets were printed in Ladn* for exportadoo incc^ 
Ibrdgn Coaotries* bat for want of CorreCpondence abroad* and theChaigeok Expoctaooo 
Dotaorwerin^ a 1000 Sets ftill remiioiogon the Author*! haodsi Thefe wet therefor» 
to nqueft the Encouraeers of Learniiw to be helpiul in getting off the tud. Tables ar 
home. And to chat ena chejr are defii*d to take nodce that die uud TiAUt are now to be 
Ind at J» Ks^MtmU at the Cromm in St. PamCt ChUrch-Taxd> Londmi and aHb at die 
Pnating HoiUe in 09^4 at the Original Subioiptioo rate of five Shillingn a 9t( 1 AOjjl 
to fish at will cake fix {etsa ajScveoui OuU ^ aU^wed Grstis*