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CHRONOLOGY OF INLAND 
NAVIGATION 

IN GREAT BRITAIN 



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A 

CHRONOLOGY OF INLAND 
NAVIGATION 

IN GREAT BRITAIN 

BEING A RECORD OF THE DATES OF THE PRINCIPAL 

WORKS AND EVENTS CONNECTED WITH INLAND 

NAVIGATION TO THE PRESENT TIME 

COMPILED FROM VARIOUS S0URCE8 BY 

HENRY RODOLPH DE SALIS 

ASSOCIATE MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS 

WITH AN APPENDIX 

GIVING THE MILEAGE TRAVELLED BY THE AUTHOR OVER THE 
INLAND NAVIGATIONS OF ENGLAND 




TRANSPORTATION LIBRARY 



E. & F. N. SPON, Limited, 125 STRAND 

SPON & CHAMBERLAIN, 12 CORTLANDT STREET 
1897 



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Transportation 
Library 

TC 

(oSl 

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PREFACE. 



The following pages endeavour to place the 
History of Inland Navigation in Great Britain 
from the commencement to the present time in 
a form suitable for ready reference. 

So far as the author is aware, no record has 
been published since 1831, when Mr. Joseph 
Priestley, of the Aire and Calder Navigation, 
brought out his Historical Account of Rivers 
and Canals. 

The author will be much obliged for any 
additions or corrections for a future edition. 

H. R. DE S. 



Ivy Lodge, Iver Heath, 
near uxbridge. 



71355 

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A CHRONOLOGY OF 
INLAND NAVIGATION 

IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

894 

The Danes sail up the River Lee to the Town of 
Hertford, 



1 121 



The Foss Dyke Canal (Lincolnshire), an ancient Roman 
work, scoured out by Henry I. 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1296 

Agreement between the Archbishop of York and Lady 
Sutton, for the removal of certain weirs in the River 
Hull, in order that vessels may approach the Town 
of Beverley. 



1352 

Act setting forth, that "whereas the common passages of 
boats and ships in the great rivers of England be 
oftentimes annoyed by inhansing Gores, Weres, 
Stakes, &c, in great damage of the people : it is 
established that the same shall be cut and utterly 
pulled down, without being renewed. And that 
writs be sent to the sheriffs to do execution." 



1423 
Act placing the River Thames under Commissioners. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 



1424 

Act empowering the Chancellor for the time being to 
issue commissions for the purpose of cleaning, scour- 
ing, and amending the River Ley (Lee). 



1425 
Act placing the River Lee under Commissioners. 



1462 

Charter constituting the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of 
York conservators of the Rivers Ouse, Aire, Wharfe, 
Derwent, Dunn, and Humber. 



148 1 
Locks known to the Italians. » 



b 2 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



I503 

Act for preserving the passage of boats and vessels in the 
River Severn. 



■I5I4 

Act placing the Canterbury or River Stour Navigation 
under the care of Canterbury. 



1531 

Act for pulling down and avoiding " fish garths," " piles," 
" stakes," " hecks," and other " engines " set in the 
river and water of Ouse and Humber. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 



1563 

Exeter Canal commenced by the Council of Exeter, the 
cost being defrayed out of the Corporate Estates. 



1566 

Exeter Canal completed and opened. 



1571 

Act for making the River Welland (Lincolnshire) 
navigable. 



1605 

Unsuccessful attempt made by Lord Chief Justice Pop- 
ham and others to drain the Fens. Under this 
scheme the cut called Popham's Eau was made ; the 
portion of which from the Sixteen Foot River to the 
Old River Nene is navigable at the present time. 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1623 
Act for River Colne Navigation (Essex). 



1624 
River Thames made navigable to Oxford. 



1625 

The Dutch River from Newbridge to Goole, cut by 
Cornelius Vermuyden, for the purpose of land 
drainage. 



1629 
Cornelius Vermuyden knighted. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 



1630 

First partially successful attempt to drain the Fens made 
by Francis, Earl of Bedford, and thirteen others, 
advised by Sir Cornelius Vermuyden. 

Under this scheme were constructed, amongst 
other drainage works : — the Old Bedford River, from 
Earith on the Ouse to Salter's Lode on the same 
river, 21 miles long and 70 feet wide, together with 
the Old Bedford and Earith sluices, which River, 
from the Old Bedford Sluice to the junction with 
the Forty Foot River at Welches Dam, is navigable 
at the present time. 

And Salter's Lode Sluice at the junction of Well 
Creek with the River Ouse. 



1636 

William Sandys applies to Parliament for power to make 
navigable the River Avon from Tewkesbury to 
Coventry. 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1638 

A Commission of Sewers held at Huntingdon pronounced 
the drainage of the Fens, as executed by Francis, 
Earl of Bedford, to be defective. 



1649 

Drainage of the Fens undertaken by William, Earl of 
Bedford (afterwards Duke of Bedford), and others, 
advised by Sir Cornelius Vermuyden. 

Under this scheme were constructed before 1653, 
amongst other drainage works, the following cuts, all 
of which are navigable to the present time. 

The Hundred Foot River (or New Bedford 
River), parallel to the Old Bedford River, being a 
tidal cut a hundred feet wide, without sluices. 

The present channel of the River Nene between 
Peterborough and Guyhirn (sometime called Smith's 
Learn). 

The Forty Foot River (or Vermuyden's Eau) from 
the Old Bedford River at Welches Dam to Ramsey. 

The Sixteen Foot River, from the Forty Foot 
River to Popham's Eau. 

Hermitage Sluice on the Old River Ouse, just 
below Earith. 

Denver Sluice on the Old River Ouse, just above 
the mouth of the Hundred Foot River. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 



1651 

Works commenced to make the River Wey, in the County 
of Surrey, navigable from the Thames at Weybridge 
to Guildford. Capital ^6000, of which one-half was 
provided by Sir Richard Weston. 



1653 

Public thanksgiving service held in Ely Cathedral, to 
celebrate the completion of the drainage of the Fens, 
as commenced by William, Earl of Bedford, and 
others, in 1649, March 2 7« 

River Wey Navigation completed, from the Thames at 
Weybridge to Guildford. 



1657 

Act for amending the River of Ouse at or near the city of 
York. 



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io A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1662 
Act for River Itchin Navigation (Hampshire). 
Act for River Wye Navigation. 



1663 
Bedford Level Corporation constituted. 



1664 

Act for making the River Avon navigable from Christ- 
church to the city of New Sarum. 

Act obtained for River Medway (Upper) Navigation, but 
not carried into effect. 



1670 

Act for making navigable the Rivers Brandon and 
Waveney. 

Act for River Ouse (Bedfordshire) Navigation (above St. 
Neots). 



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INLAND NAVIGATION n 



1671 

Act for improving the River Witham, already in use as a 
navigation. 

Act for settling and preserving the navigation of the River 
Wey in the County of Surrey. 



1675 

Exeter Canal lengthened at the cost of the Corporate 
Estates of the Council of Exeter. 



1678 

Act for making navigable the River Fal or Vale (Corn- 
wall). 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1686 

Henry Ashley, of Eaton Socon, Bedfordshire, appointed 
undertaker of the River Ouse (Bedford) Naviga- 
tion, from Holywell upwards to any place which 
was or is navigable in times of full waters ; the 
river being made by him navigable to Bedford. 



1695 

Act for preventing exactions of the occupiers of locks and 
weirs upon the River of Thames westward, and for 
ascertaining the rates of water carriage upon the said 
river. 



1697 

Bedford Level divided into the three districts of the 
North, Middle and South Levels. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 13 

1699 

Act for Aire and Calder Navigation, depth 3 feet 6 inches. 
Tolls between Leeds and Wakefield, May 1 to 
October 1, ioj. per ton ; October 1 to May 1, 16s. 
per ton. 

Act for keeping the River Trent, in the counties of 
Leicester, Derby and Stafford, navigable. 

Act for making the River Tone (Somerset) navigable from 
Bridgwater to Taunton. 



1700 

Act granting power to Henry Ashley, of Eaton Socon, 
Bedfordshire, to make the River Larke navigable 
from Mildenhall to Bury-St.-Edmunds. 

Act for River Dee Navigation. 

Act for the better preserving the navigation of the Rivers 
Avon and Frome, and for cleansing, paving, and 
enlightening the streets of the City of Bristol 



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i 4 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1 701 
Act for River Derwent (Yorkshire) Navigation. 



1702 

Act for making the River Cam navigable from Cambridge 
to Clayhithe Ferry, and appointing conservators of 
the river. 



1705 
Act for River Stour (Essex) Navigation. 



1712 

Act for making the Avon navigable from Bath to Hanham 
Mills. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 15 



1713 

Denver Sluice, on Old River Ouse (Bedford), blown up 
by the tide. 



1714 

Act for making the River Nene, from Northampton to 
Peterborough, navigable. 



1715 

Act for making the River Kennet navigable from the 
Thames at Reading to Newbury. 



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16 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1716 

James Brindley born; Engineer of the Bridgewater, 
Trent and Mersey, Staffordshire and Worcestershire, 
Coventry, Birmingham, Droitwich, Oxford, and 
Chesterfield Canals. 

Act for the preservation and improvement of the River 
Wear and Port of Sunderland, in the County of 
Durham. 



1720 

Act empowering three gentlemen of the County of 
Cheshire, to scour and improve the River Weaver, 
from Frodsham Bridge to Winsford, depth to be 
4 feet 6 inches. 

Act for making the Rivers Mersey and Irwell navigable 
from Liverpool to Manchester. 

Act for making the River Douglas navigable from the 
River Ribble to Wigan. 

Act for making navigable the River Dane from the River 
Weaver at Northwich, to the falling of Wheelock 
Brook in the county of Cheshire; but which was 
never carried out. 

Act for making the River Idle navigable from East 
Retford to Bawtry. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 17 



1721 

Act for making the River Eden (Cumberland) navigable 
to Bank End. 



1722 

Act for deepening and making more navigable the 
Rivers Bure, Yare, and Waveney. 



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i8 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1725 

Mr. Goddard, who was Recorder of Lynn, describing 
the Rivers Ouse, Cam, Larke, Little Ouse, Wissey, 
and Nene, says, " The tide putting up so far into all 
these Rivers, and rilling them twice in every twenty- 
four hours, they were not only competently supplied 
with water from Sea in the driest seasons to serve for 
the Inland Navigation, which by means of so many 
branches is the most extensive in England ; so that 
commerce and trade was constantly maintained up 
the River Nene to Well, March and Peterborow, 
above fifty miles from Lenne (Lynn) into Northamp- 
ton, Rutland, Lincoln, Nottingham and Leicester- 
shires, with vessels of fifteen tuns, which easily passed 
loaden in the driest seasons. And up the River 
Ouse they could sail with forty tuns freight thirty- 
six miles at least from Lenne at ordinary neip 
tides; and great and constant commerce was hel 
to Cambridge, Bedford, &c, and between Cambridg 
and St Ives, Huntingdon, St. Neot, Bedford an 
places adjacent, with a burden of fifteen tun, whic 
is ninety miles from Lenne by water." 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 19 



1726 

Act for making the River Dun (Yorkshire) navigable 
from Holmstile in Doncaster to Tinsley. 

Act for cleaning, deepening and widening Beverley Beck 
(Yorkshire). 



i 



1729 

Act for making the River Stroudwater (Gloucestershire) 
navigable from the Severn at Framilode to Wallbridge, 
Stroud ; but not carried into effect. 



c 2 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1736 

Francis, Duke of Bridgewater, " Father of Inland Navi- 
gation," born May 21 : constructor of the Bridge- 
water Canal. 



1737 

Act for making Worsley Brook navigable to the Irwelf^ 
but not carried out. 



Act for River Roden (Essex) Navigation. 



1 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 21 



1739 

Act for River Medway (Upper) Navigation as carried out, 
and the Company of Proprietors of the Navigation 
of the River Medway incorporated. 



1745 

William Jessop born : Engineer of the Grand Junction, 
Grantham, Barnsley, Nottingham and Cromford 
Canals ; and of the Leicester, Horncastle, and River 
Ouse (Sussex) Navigations. 



1748 
Denver Sluice, on Old River Ouse (Bedford), rebuilt. 



/ 

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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1749 
Act for River Lune (Lancashire) Navigation. 



I750 



1751 

Act for the better regulating the navigation of the River 
Avon (Warwickshire), and for ascertaining the rates 
of water carriage upon the said river. 

Act for making the River Narr (Norfolk) navigable from 
Lynn to Westacre. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 23 



1752 



1753 



1754 

Act for improving and preserving the navigation of the 
Old River Nene from Salter's Lode Sluice, Norfolk, 
to Stanground Sluice, Peterborough, and from Floods 
Ferry to Ramsey High Lode, and also the naviga- 
tion from the Old Bedford Sluice to the River Nene 
in the parish of Ramsey. All of which is now part 
of the Middle Level Navigation. 



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24 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1755 

Act for St. Helens, or Sankey, Canal, from the Mersey at 
the mouth of Sankey Brook to St. Helens. 



1756 

In May of this year the number of barges and trows on 
the River Severn, navigating from Welchpool and 
Poolstake downwards to Bristol, was 376. 



1757 
Act for River Blyth Navigation (Suffolk). 

Act for making the River Ivel navigable from the Ouse 
at Tempsford to ShefFord. 

Thomas Telford, born August 9, Engineer of the 
Ellesmere, Caledonian, Birmingham and Liver- 
pool Junction, and Macclesfield Canals, and other 
important canal works. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 25 

1758 
Act for Calder and Hebble Navigation. 



1759 

First Act for Bridgewater Canal from Worsley to Man- 
chester, with a branch to Hollin Ferry, to cross the 
River Irwell by locking down to it on both sides ; 
but not carried into effect. 

First Act for River Stort Navigation from Bishop's Stort- 
ford to the Lee ; but not carried into effect. 

Act for Stroudwater Navigation ; under this Act the navi- 
gation was constructed without locks, in order to 
prevent the mill-owners from being deprived of 
water, the cargoes being placed in boxes which 
were transferred into other boats at every mill by 
means of cranes. This scheme was persevered in 
nearly to the ruin of the projectors. 

Act reconstituting the River Weaver Trust, whereby 105 
gentlemen of the County of Cheshire were appointed 
Trustees. 



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26 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1760 

Act for extending the navigation of the River Wey from 
Guildford to Godalming. 

Amended Act for Bridgewater Canal to cross River Irwell 
on the level by means of Barton Aqueduct ; also 
authorising short branch to Longford Bridge, and 
abandoning branch to Hollin Ferry. 

Barton Aqueduct of Bridgewater Canal commenced, 
September. 



1761 

Bridgewater Canal from Worsley to Manchester com- 
pleted. 

Barton Aqueduct of the Bridgewater Canal opened, 
July 17. 

John Rennie born, June 7. Engineer of the Kennet 
and Avon, Rochdale, and Lancaster Canals. 

Nene River; Upper Navigation, from Thrapston to 
Northampton, opened August 7. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 27 

1762 

Act for extending the Bridgewater Canal from Longford 
Bridge to the Mersey at Runcorn. 

Act for extending the St. Helen's, or Sankey Canal to 
Fiddler's Ferry on the Mersey. 



1763 

Act for Louth Navigation (Lincolnshire) from the Humber 
to the town of Louth. 



1764 

Great sluice on the River Witham at Boston constructed 
by Smeaton. 



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28 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1765 



1766 

Act for Trent and Mersey Canal. 

Act for Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal. 

Act for Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation, but not 
carried into effect. 

Act for River Stort Navigation, as carried out, and works 
commenced September 24. 

Act for Loughborough Navigation, but not carried into 
effect. 

Act for Kidwelly Canal. 

River Lee Navigation Improvement Act, under which 
Limehouse Cut was constructed. 

First sod of Trent and Mersey Canal cut by Josiah 
Wedgwood, July 26. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 29 

1767 
Act for Driffield Navigation (Yorkshire). 

Act for Ancholme Drainage and Navigation (Lincoln- 
shire). 

Act for River Ure, or Ripon and Boroughbridge, Naviga- 
tion (Yorkshire). 

Bridgewater Canal from Longford Bridge to the top part 
of Runcorn opened. 

Locks on Calder and Hebble Navigation, as originally 
erected by Smeaton, destroyed by floods, October 8. 



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30 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1768 
Act for Coventry Canal. 

Act for Droitwich Canal. 



Act for Birmingham Canal Navigations, canal from 

1 



Birmingham to Autherley. 
Act for Forth and Clyde Canal. 



I769 
Act for Oxford Canal. 

Birmingham Canal Navigations from Wednesbury to 
Birmingham, completed November 6. 

River Stort Navigation completed, two loaded barges 
arriving at Bishop's Stortford, October 24. 



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i 



INLAND NAVIGATION 31 

1770 

Act for Leeds and Liverpool Canal. 

Act providing that all barges or other vessels going upon 
the River Trent from Wilden Ferry to Gainsborough 
should be numbered and have the name and resi- 
dence of the owner marked thereon, under a penalty 
of five pounds, great irregularities and continual 
trespass on the lands adjoining the river having 
been committed by the boatmen. 

Act for Monkland Canal (Scotland). 



1771 

Act for Chesterfield Canal. 

Act for Bradford Canal. 



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32 A CHRONOLOGY ', OF 

1772 
Act for Chester Canal Navigation. 

Act for Market Weighton Canal. 

Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal completed ; con- 
tains first narrow boat lock constructed in England, 
which was also Brindley's first canal lock, at Comp- 
ton, near Tettenhall. 

Communication between Birmingham and Wolverhamp- 
ton Canal, and Staffordshire and Worcestershire 
Canal, opened at Aldersley. 

Chesterfield Canal commenced. < 

Act for improving and completing the navigation of that 
part of the River Trent called Newark Dyke, and 
appointing commissioners of the same and em- 
powering that barges thereon be haled by men only. 

James Brindley died, September 27. 

Locks of Bridgewater Canal at Runcorn opened Decem- 
ber 31, when the Heart of Oak, & vessel of 50 tons 
burden for Liverpool, passed through them. 



i 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 33 



1773 

Act for making and extending the navigation of the River 
Bure (Norfolk). 

Kinderley's Cut, at the mouth of the River Nene, con- 
structed. 



1774 
^Act for Sir J. Ramsden's, or Huddersfield Broad Canal. 

Act for Bude Canal (Cornwall), but not carried into 
effect. 

Bradford Canal completed. 

First meeting of the commissioners for constructing the 
Stroudwater Canal held, December 24. 



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34 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1775 
Oxford Canal completed from Longford to Napton. 

Leeds and Liverpool Canal opened from Liverpool to 
Newburgh. 

Norwood Tunnel, Chesterfield Canal, completed, May 9. A 

Act for Gresley Canal. 



1776 J 

Act for Stourbridge Canal. 

Act for Caldon Branch, Trent and Mersey Canal. 

Act for Dudley Canal. 

Act for Loughborough Navigation, as constructed. 

Aire and Calder Navigation, size of locks increased and 
depth of water to 5 feet. 

Chester Canal from Chester to Nantwich completed. 
Chesterfield Canal completed. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 35 



1777 

Act for Erewash Canal. 

Harecastle Old Tunnel, on summit level of Trent and 
Mersey Canal, opened ; completing main line of the 
canal from Preston Brook to Wilden Ferry. This 
tunnel, which is 2897 yards long and has a minimum 
width of 8 feet 6 inches, and height above water- 
level of 5 feet 10 inches, took eleven years to con- 
struct. 

Leeds and Liverpool Canal opened from Leeds to Holm- 
bridge, when work was stopped until 1790. 

Stroudwater Canal partly opened, and first tolls received, 
April 3. 

Louth Navigation leased for ninety years to Mr. Chaplin. 



1778 

Act for Basingstoke Canal. 

Oxford Canal completed to Banbury, March, and work 
stopped until April 1786. 

Branch from Haddlesey to Selby, Aire and Calder Navi- 
gation, completed. 

First payment of ^1500 made by the River Weaver 
Trustees out of the profits of the navigation, to 
the County of Cheshire for public purposes. 

d 2 



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36 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1779 
Stroudwater Canal fully opened, July 24. 



1780 
Act for Thames and Severn Canal. 



1781 



1782 
Foss Dyke Canal deepened to 3 feet 6 inches. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 37 



1783 

Act for Birmingham and Fazeley Canal and Digbeth 
Branch of same. 

Act for purchase of River Douglas Navigation by Leeds 
and Liverpool Canal. 

Act empowering barges on the River Trent to be haled 
by horses between Wilden Ferry and Burton-upon- 
Trent. 

Act for improving the navigation of the River Trent from 
Wilden Ferry to Gainsborough, authorising a depth 
of 24 to 27 inches, and empowering barges to be 
haled by horses between the above places. 

River Thames made navigable to Lechlade. 



1784 



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38 A CHRONOLOGY OP 

1785 
Act for River Aran Navigation (Sussex). 



1786 

Work on Oxford Canal recommenced from Banbury 
towards Oxford. 



1787 

Canal between Fradley and Whittington Brook (5 \ miles) 
constructed by Trent and Mersey Canal, conveyed 
to Coventry Canal. 

Work commenced to cut down summit level of the Bir- 
mingham and Wolverhampton Canal of the Birming- 
ham Canal Navigations at Smethwick, executed in 
2\ years. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 39 

1788 
Act for Shropshire Canal. 

Sapperton Tunnel, on summit level of Thames and Severn 
Canal, visited by King George the Third when in 
course of construction, July 19. 

First canal inclined plane in England made by William 
Reynolds on Ketley Canal in Shropshire : a copper 
medal or halfpenny being struck to commemorate it. 



1789 

Act for Andover Canal. 

First vessel passed through Sapperton Tunnel, Thames 
and Severn Canal, April 20. 

Act for Cromford Canal. 

First attempt at using steam power on canals made on 
Forth and Clyde Canal with Symington's boat. 

Thames and Severn Canal completed, first vessel (30 tons 
burden) passing from the Severn into the Thames 
at Inglesham, November 19. 



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40 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1790 

Oxford Canal completed and opened to Oxford, Janu- 
ary 1. 

Act for Glamorganshire Canal. 

Act for Stowmarket and Ipswich Navigation. 

Act for River Ouse Navigation (Sussex). 

Coventry Canal opened from Coventry to Fradley. 

Birmingham and Fazeley Canal completed. 

Work on Leeds and Liverpool Canal recommenced at 
Holmbridge. 

Forth and Clyde Canal completed. 

Ouse Haling Ways Commissioners incorporated to main- 
tain the haling ways of the River Ouse (Bedford), 
between Denver Sluice and King's Lynn. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 41 

1791 
Act for Royal Military, or Shorncliffe and Rye Canal. 

Act for Leicester and Melton Mowbray Navigation. 

Act for Worcester and Birmingham Canal. 

Act for Hereford and Gloucester Canal. 

Act for Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal. 

Act for Kington and Leominster Canal. 

Act for Leicester Navigation. 

Act for Neath Canal (Glamorganshire). 



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42 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1792 
Act for Nottingham Canal. 

Act for Ashton Canal. 

Act for Lancaster Canal. 

Act for Monmouthshire Canal. 

Act for Horncastle Navigation. 

Act for Medway (Lower) Navigation, but not carried into 
effect. 

Act for Wyrley and Essington Canal. 

Shropshire Canal completed. 

Act for Coombe Hill Canal. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 43 

1793 
Act for Oakham Canal. 

Act for River Foss Navigation (Yorkshire). 

Act for Grantham Canal. 

Act for Ulverston Canal. 

Act for Nutbrook Canal. 

Act for Derby Canal. 

Act for Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation. 

Act for vesting the Navigation of the River Avon (War- 
wickshire), late the property of Mr. George Perrott, 
in trustees. 

Act for Grand Junction Canal, and the Northampton and 
Old Stratford branches of the same. 

Act for Caistor Canal. 

Act for Shrewsbury Canal, and purchase by them of 
1 mile 188 yards of the Ketley Canal. 

Act for Stainforth and Keadby Canal. 

Act for Dearne and Dove Canal. 



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44 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

Act for Stratford-upon-Avon Canal. 

Act for Brecon and Abergavenny Canal. 

Act for Ellesmere Canal. 

Act for Warwick and Birmingham Canal. 

Act for Old Union Canal, alias Leicestershire and North- 
amptonshire Union Canal. 

Act for Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal. 

Act for Aberdare Canal. 

Act for Barnsley Canal. 

Act for Crinan Canal (Scotland). 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 45 

J 794 
Act for Montgomeryshire Canal. 

Act for Sleaford Navigation. 

Act for Somersetshire Coal Canal. 

Act for Wisbech Canal. 

Act for Peak Forest Canal. 

Act for Huddersfield Narrow Canal. 

Act for Swansea Canal. 

Glamorganshire Canal opened between Merthyr Tydfil 
and Cardiff, February. 

Leicester Navigation completed, February. 

Act for branches to Buckingham, Aylesbury and Wen- 
dover, Grand Junction Canal. 

Act for Warwick and Braunston Canal, but not carried - 
into effect. 

Act for Walsall Branch, Birmingham Canal Navigations. 

Act for Rochdale Canal. 

Act for Kennet and Avon Canal. 



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46 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

Act for Ashby Canal. 

Act for deepening the Trent Navigation to 30 inches, and 
for making the side cuts at Sawley, Thrumpton, 
Beeston and Holme. 

The cost of boats 70 feet long by 7 feet wide, carrying 
20 to 22 tons, at this time stated to be from ^90 to 
^100 each. 

Grand Junction Canal opened from Brentford to Ux- 
bridge, November 3. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 47 

1795 

Act for extension of Bridgewater Canal from Stretford to 
Leigh. 

Act for Paddington Branch, Grand Junction Canal. 

Act for Wilts and Berks Canal. 

Act for Newcastle-under-Lyme Canal. 

Act for Ivelchester and Langport Canal. 

Act for making a junction at Kingswood between the 
Stratford-upon-Avon and Warwick and Birmingham 
Canals. 

First stone of Pontcysyllte Aqueduct of Ellesmere Canal 
laid, July 25. 

Act for Eau Brink Cut, River Ouse (Bedford), and Eau 
Brink Navigation Commissioners incorporated. 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1796 
Act for Salisbury and Southampton Canal 

Act for Grand Western Canal. 

Act for River Tamar Navigation. 

Act for Warwick and Napton Canal. 

Basingstoke Canal completed. 

First vessel entered Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation, 
February. 

First vessel navigated Pontypool section of Monmouth- 
shire Canal, March 2. 

Foulridge Tunnel, Leeds and Liverpool Canal, opened, 
May 1. 

Braunston Tunnel, Grand Junction Canal, completed, 
June 6. 

First stone of Chirk Aqueduct, Ellesmere Canal, laid, 
June 17. * 

Last arch of Lancaster Aqueduct, Lancaster Canal, com- 
pleted, July. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 49 

1797 

Act for branch canal to Leek, from the Caldon Branch 
of the Trent and Mersey Canal. 

Steamboat tried on the St. Helens Canal. 

Ashton Canal completed. 

Shrewsbury Canal completed. 

Westhill Tunnel, Worcester and Birmingham Canal, com- 
pleted. 

Grand Junction Canal completed from Braunston to north 
end of Blisworth Tunnel, November. 



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5 o A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1798 
Swansea Canal completed. 

Huddersfield Narrow Canal, from Huddersfield to 
Marsden, and from Ashton to Staleybridge, opened. 

Hereford and Gloucester Canal, from Gloucester to 
Ledbury, opened, March 30. 

Kennet and Avon Canal, from Reading to Hungerford, 
opened, October. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 51 

1799 
Warwick and Birmingham Canal completed. 

Warwick and Napton Canal completed. 

Barnsley Canal completed and opened, June 8. 

Walsall branch, Birmingham Canal Navigations, com- 
pleted. 

Grand Junction Canal, from Brentford to Bulbourne 
(near Tring), completed ; also Wendover Branch. 



1800 
Act for Thames and Medway Canal. 

Grand Junction Canal opened from Brentford to the south 
end of Blisworth Tunnel. 

Buckingham Branch of Grand Junction Canal com- 
menced. 

Peak Forest Canal completed and opened, May 1. 



e 3 



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52 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1801 

Act for Grand Surrey Canal. 

Act for Leven Canal. 

Buckingham Branch of Grand Junction Canal completed 
and opened, May i. 

Kennet and Avon Canal opened from Bath to Devizes, 
May. 

Gannow Tunnel, Leeds and Liverpool Canal, completed, 
May. 

Paddington Branch of Grand Junction Canal opened^ July 
10. 

Chirk Aqueduct, Ellesmere Canal, completed at a cost of 
^20,898. 

1802 

Act for Substitution of 22 locks for the inclined plane at 
Coombe Hay on Somersetshire Coal Canal (executed 
at a cost of ^45,000). 

Horncastle Navigation opened, September 16. 

Act for River Axe Navigation (Somerset). 

Act for Medway (Lower Navigation), as carried out 

Nottingham Canal completed. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 53 

1803 

Act for Tavistock Canal. 

Francis, Duke of Bridgewater, died, March 8. 

Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, Ellesmere Canal, completed at 
cost of ^47,069. 

Act for Caledonian Canal. 

The Northampton Mercury of December 24, describing 
the Smithneld Cattle Show, says, "Some of the oxen 
were uncommonly fine in their proportions. The 
oxen of Mr. Westcar (of Aylesbury) were universally 
allowed to be great beauties. They have also the 
advantage over those which travelled to town, that 
they were brought up unfatigued by their journey, as 
Mr. Westcar lives near the Grand Junction Canal." 

Act incorporating " The Company of Proprietors of the 
River Severn Horse Towing Path Extension," and 
empowering them to construct a horse towing path 
on the banks of the Severn from Bewdly to 
Worcester. 



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54 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1804 
Dearne and Dove Canal completed. 
Rochdale Canal completed, and opened December 21. 
Caledonian Canal commenced. 



1805 

Ashby Canal opened. 

Blisworth Tunnel, Grand Junction Canal, opened March 
25, completing main line of the canal from Brentford 
to Braunston. The first boat to pass the tunnel was 
the Marquis of Buckingham, one of the Paddington 
Packet Boats. 

Wolverton Aqueduct over the River Ouse, Grand 
Junction Canal, opened August 26; superseding 
eight locks, four down to and four up from the river 
on each side. 

River Derwent (Yorkshire) made navigable from beyond 
New Malton to Yeadingham. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 55 

1806 
Act for River Ribble Navigation. 

Act for Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal. 

The Times of December 19 contains the following 
announcement : " The first division of the troops that 
are to proceed by Paddington Canal for Liverpool, 
and thence by transports for Dublin, will leave 
Paddington to-day, and will be followed by others 
to-morrow and on Sunday. By this mode of con- 
veyance the men will be only seven days in reaching 
Liverpool." 



1807 
Act for River Adur Navigation (Sussex). 

Act for Weston Canal of River Weaver Navigation, and 
depth of the navigation increased to seven feet 
throughout. 



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56 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1808 
Act for River Tees Navigation (Durham)* 



1809 

Patent perpendicular lift for canal boats, invented by 
John Woodhouse, erected on the Worcester and 
Birmingham Canal at Tardebigge. 



1810 
Act for Grand Union Canal. 

Act for the erection of locks at Chertsey, Shepperton, 
Sunbury, and Teddington on the Thames by the 
Corporation of London. 

Kennet and Avon Canal completely opened, December 
28. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 57 

1811 

Act incorporating " The Company of Proprietors of the 
Gloucester and Worcester Horse Towing Path," for 
constructing a horse towing path on the banks of the 
Severn from Worcester to Gloucester. 

Act for Bridgwater and Taunton Canal. 



1812 

Act for Regent's Canal. 

Act for the erection of a lock at East Molesey on the 
Thames by the Corporation of London* 

Act for North Walshaiii and Dilham Canal. 



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5 8 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1813 

Act for Wey and Arun Junction Canal. 
Act for North Wilts Canal. 

Act to enable the Kennet and Avon Canal Company to 
raise money to purchase the shares of the River 
Kennet Navigation. 

Ellesmere Canal and Chester Canal amalgamate, becom- 
ing Ellesmere and Chester Canal. 

Aylesbury Arm of Grand Junction Canal constructed 
during this year and the next. 



1814 

Act for the erection of a lock at Penton Hook on the 
Thames by the Corporation of London. 

Northampton Branch, Grand Junction Canal, commenced. 

Grand Union Canal opened, August 9. 

Grand Western Canal, section from Loudwell to Tiverton, 
opened August 25. 

William Jessop died. 

Act for Newport Pagnell Canal. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 59 



1815 

Act for Pocklington Canal. This canal was completed for 
a less sum than the original estimate ; Mr. George 
Leather, engineer. 

Act for Sheffield Canal. 

Act for making a junction between the Birmingham Canal 
Navigations and the Worcester and Birmingham 
Canal in Birmingham, hitherto separated by a dis- 
tance of 7 feet 3 inches. 

Northampton Branch, Grand Junction Canal, opened, 
May 1. 



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6o A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1816 

Leed& and Liverpool Canal completed, last section of 
main line from Wigan to Blackburn being opened. 



1817 

Act for Portsmouth and Arundel Canal. 

Eau Brink Cut, River Ouse (Bedford), commenced. 
Act for Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal. 



1818 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 61 

1819 

Act for Leigh Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. 

Act for Bude Canal, as constructed. 

North Wilts Canal opened, April 2. 

Act for Carlisle Canal. 

Killington Reservoir, Lancaster Canal, completed, capa- 
city 700,000,000 gallons. 



1820 

Works commenced for lengthening and widening Exeter 
Canal, at a cost of ;£i 13,000. 

Act for Knottingley and Goole Canal, of Aire and Calder 
Navigation. 

Aire and Calder Navigation, size of locks increased and 
depth of water to 7 feet. 

Regent's Canal completed. 



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62 A CHRONOLOGY OF • 

1821 

Act for Guilsfield Branch, Montgomeryshire Canal. 

Leigh Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal com- 
pleted. 

Eau Brink Cut, River Ouse (Bedford), completed. 

North Wilts Canal amalgamated with Wilts and Berks 
Canal. 

John Rennie died, October 4. 



1822 
Caledonian Canal completed, October 30. 
Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal completed. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 63 



1823 

Act for Harecastle New Tunnel, Trent and Mersey 
Canal. 



1824 
Act for Kensington Canal. 

Act obtained for the Hertford Union Canal, or Duckett's 
Canal, by the second Sir George Duckett (canal 
known afterwards as " Duckett's Folly "). 

Trent and Mersey Canal, Harecastle New Tunnel com- 
menced. 

Sixty-nine British and five foreign vessels entered the Port 
of Exeter by the Exeter Canal during this year. 

The first Sir George Duckett, constructor and owner of 
the River Stort Navigation, died. 



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64 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1825 

Act for Halifax branch of Calder and Hebble Navigation 
(cost ^58,741). 

Act for Baybridge Canal (Sussex). 

Act for Liskeard Canal (Cornwall). 



1826 

Act for Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canal. 

Act for Macclesfield Canal. 

Act authorising junction of Barbridge and Middlewicji 
Branch of Ellesmere and Chester Canal with Trent 
and Mersey Canal at Middlewich, previously author- 
ised to within 100 yards only. 

Knottingley and Goole Canal, of Aire and Calder Naviga- 
tion, opened 

Act for Alford Canal. 
Lancaster Canal completed. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 65 

1827 

Trent and Mersey Canal, Harecastle new tunnel com- 
pleted April 30, at a cost of ^112,681 ; 8,814,000 
bricks used. 

Trent and Mersey Canal, Act for branch to Hall Green. 

River Thames, Watermen's Co. incorporated. 

Act for Norwich and Lowestoft Navigation. 

Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal completed. 

Act for Newport branch of Birmingham and Liverpool 
Junction Canal. 

Act for Glastonbury Navigation (Somerset). 

Act for improving the outfall of the River Nene, and 
the drainage of the lands discharging their waters 
into the Wisbech river, and the navigation of the 
Wisbech river from the upper end of Kinderley's 
Cut to the sea. 

The South Level Commissioners incorporated to improve 
the drainage and navigations of the portion of the 
Bedford Level called the South Level. 



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66 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1828 



1829 

Oxford Canal, improvements commenced for shortening 
distance between Napton and Braunstonby 14 miles. 



1830 

Act empowering Ellesmere and Chester Canal Co. to 
become carriers. 

River Nene new outfall works authorised by Act of 1827 
completed. 

Act for extension of the St. Helen's, or Sankey Canal 
from Fidler's Ferry to Widnes. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 67 



1831 



1832 

Ellesmere and Chester Canal completed. 



1833 



r 2 



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68 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1834 

Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canal completed. 

Thomas Telford died, September 2. 

Oxford Canal, improvements completed shortening dis- 
tance between Napton and Braunston by 14 miles. 

Grand Western Canal, section from Loudwell to Taunton 
constructed, during this and the two following years. 



1835 

Birmingham Canal Navigations. The present company 
incorporated on the dissolution of an older company. 

Act for Titford Canal, Birmingham Canal Navigations. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 69 

1836 

Act for Manchester and Salford Junction Canal, to 
connect Rochdale Canal with River Irwell. 

Steam tugs first used on Aire and Calder Navigation. 
Kensington Canal vested in West London Railway. 



1837 

Act for Stourbridge Extension Canal. 

Ouse Banks Commissioners incorporated : to maintain 
and repair the banks of the River Ouse (Bedford) 
between Denver Sluice and the commencement of 
the Eau Brink Cut (divided into six districts). 



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70 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1838 



1839 

Act for Tame Valley Canal, Birmingham Canal Naviga- 
tions. 



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INLAND NA VIGA TION 7 1 



1840 

Act for Rushall Canal and Bentley Canal, Birmingham 
Canal Navigations. 

Wyrley and Essington Canal amalgamated with Birming- 
ham Canal Navigations. 

Act for Birmingham and Warwick Junction Canal. 

Foss Dyke Canal, width increased to 45 feet, and depth 
to 6 feet. 

Act to provide for keeping the peace on canals and navi- 
gable rivers. 

Manchester and Salford Junction Canal purchased by 
Mersey and Irwell Navigation. 



184I 



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72 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1842 

River Severn Navigation Trust formed, and old staunches 
on the river removed. 

Birmingham and Warwick Junction Canal completed, at 
a cost of ;£i 70,036. 

Act empowering River Weaver Trustees to build and 
endow three churches. 



1843 

Hatherton Branch, Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal 
constructed (without an Act of Parliament). 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 73 

1844 
Diglis Locks, Worcester, on River Severn, completed. 

Mersey and Irwell Navigation purchased by the Bridge- 
water Trustees, owners of the Bridgewater Canal. 



1845 

Huddersfield Narrow Canal (19I miles) vested in Hud- 
dersfield and Manchester Railway and Canal Co. 

Norwich and Lowestoft Navigation (30 miles) purchased 
by Eastern Counties Railway. 

St. Helen's, or Sankey Canal (i6f miles), vested in St. 
Helen's Canal and Railway Co. 

River Ure, or Ripon and Boroughbridge Navigation 
(7f miles), purchased by Leeds and Thirsk Railway. 

Thames and Medway Canal (6| miles) purchased by 
Gravesend and Rochester Railway and Canal Co., 
portion of canal converted into a railway, and name 
of remainder altered to Gravesend and Rochester 
Canal. 



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74 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

Income of River Severn Navigation guaranteed by 
Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway, to 
the extent of ;£i 4,000 a year. 

Act passed to enable Canal Companies to become 
carriers. 

Leeds and Liverpool Canal Co. become carriers. 



1846 

Ashby Canal (30 miles) purchased by Midland Railway 
Co. for ;£i 09,900. 

Birmingham Canal Navigations (160 miles) guaranteed in 
perpetuity 4 per cent, dividend by London and 
North Western Railway. 

Chesterfield Canal (46 miles) leased in perpetuity to 
Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. 

Foss Dyke Canal (io£ miles) leased for 894 years to 
Great Northern Railway, at a yearly rental of 
^9570 5* 3& 

Grantham Canal (33 miles) and Nottingham Canal 
(14I miles) acquired by Nottingham and Grantham 
Railway Co. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 75 

Stowmarket and Ipswich Navigation (16 miles) leased for 
42 years to Eastern Counties Railway. 

Macclesfield Canal (26^ miles) and Peak Forest Canal 
(15 miles) leased in perpetuity to Manchester, 
Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. 

Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal (16 miles) amalga- 
mated with Manchester and Leeds Railway. 

Monmouthshire Canal -Co., owners of Monmouthshire 
Canal (20 miles) become a railway company under 
the name of Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Co. 

Stratford-upon-Avon Canal (2 5 J miles) and Stourbridge 
Extension Canal (3 miles) purchased by Oxford, 
Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway, the former 
for ^"173,322 and the latter for ;£49>437- 

Trent and Mersey Canal (116 miles) purchased by North 
Staffordshire Railway Co. for ^1,170,000 5 per cent. 
Preference Stock. 

Witham Navigation (3'if miles) leased for 999 years to 
Great Northern Railway Co. at a yearly rental 
of;£io,545- 

Gravesend and Rochester Railway and Canal Co. 
owners of Gravesend and Rochester Canal, purchased 
by South Eastern Railway. 



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76 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Co., amal- 
gamating the late Ellesmere and Chester Canal, 
Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canal, Shrews- 
bury Canal, and Montgomeryshire Canal, incorpo- 
rated. 

Monkland Canal sold to Forth and Clyde Canal. 

Dudley Canal amalgamated with Birmingham Canal 
Navigations. 

Weirs on River Derwent Navigation between New Malton 
and Yeadingham removed, in order to improve the 
drainage of the district. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 77 

1847 

Sir J. Ramsden's Canal, or Huddersfield Broad Canal 
(3! miles) vested in Huddersfield and Manchester 
Railway and Canal Co. 

Dearne and Dove Canal (15 miles), River Dun Naviga- 
gation (39 miles), and Stainfortbrand Keadby Canal 
(12 miles), purchased by South Yorkshire Railway. 

Unexpired portion of lease of Louth Navigation (12 
miles), for 90 years from 1777 to Mr. Chaplin, pur- 
chased by East Lincolnshire Railway. 

Market Weighton Canal (9 miles) and Pocklington Canal 
(9J miles) purchased by York and North Midland 
Railway. 

Huddersfield and Manchester Railway and Canal Co., 
owners of the Huddersfield Narrow Coal and Sir J. 
Ramsden's Canal, vested in London and North 
Western Railway. 

Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Co. (203! miles), 
leased in perpetuity under guarantee to London and 
North Western Railway. 

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway incorporated, absorbing 
Manchester and Leeds Railway, owners of Man- 
chester, Bolton and Bury Canal. 



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78 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

Act for winding-up Kington and Leominster Canal Co., 
and for sale of the site of the canal. 

Act to enable Canal Companies to borrow money for the 
purpose of becoming carriers. 



1848 

Ashton Canal (17 \ miles), leased in perpetuity to Man- 
chester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. 

Sheffield Canal (3 \ miles), leased for 999 years to Man- 
chester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. 

East Lincolnshire Railway, lessees of Louth Navigation, 
leased in perpetuity to Great Northern Railway. 

Crinan Canal vested in Caledonian Canal. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 79 

1849 

Vertical lift bridge of London, Brighton and South Coast 
Railway over Grand Surrey Canal, near New Cross, 
constructed. 

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal (32 miles) purchased 
by North British Railway for ^209,000. 



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80 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1850 

Monkland' Canal, inclined plane at Blackhill, completed 
at a cost of ^13,000, July. 



1851 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 81 

1852 

Kennet and Avon Canal (8 6 \ miles) purchased by Great 
Western Railway for ^147,462 Rent-charge Stock, 
and ,£62,953, 4^ per cent. Debenture Stock. 

Act for Droitwich Junction Canal. 

Droitwich Junction Canal leased to Worcester and Bir- 
mingham Canal for 99 years, at an annual rental of 

;£l200. 

Nene Valley Drainage and Navigation Improvement Act 
passed, under which Commissioners were appointed 
to improve the navigation between Northampton and 
Wisbech. 



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82 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1853 

Merchandise traffic of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal 
leased to London and North-Western, Midland, and 
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Cos. for 21 years 
(from August 4). 

Act for Runcorn and Weston Canal. 

Section of Portsmouth and Arundel Navigation, between 
Hunston Bridge and the River Arun at Ford, 
Sussex, fell into disuse about this time. 

River Foss Navigation purchased by the Corporation of 
York for ^4000. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 83 



1854 

Act for Cannock Extension, Netherton Tunnel Branch, 
and Two Lock Line, of Birmingham Canal Naviga- 
tions. 

Act for the better regulation of the traffic on railways and 
canals. 

Leeds and Thirsk Railway, owners of River Ure or Ripon 
and Boroughbridge Navigation, acquired by North 
Eastern Railway. 

York and North Midland Railway, owners of Pocklington 
Canal and Market Weighton Canal, acquired by North 
Eastern Railway. 

Barnsley Canal leased to Aire and Calder Navigation for 
21 years (from November 20). 



G 2 



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84 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1855 ' 

Rochdale Canal leased to the London and North Western, 
North Eastern, Lancashire and Yorkshire, and 
Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railways for 
21 years, the terms of which lease were subsequently 
continued year by year until 1888. 

Last barge passed from the Thames and Severn Canal 
down the Thames to Oxford (March). 

Act for purchase of Hertford Union Canal, alias Duckett's 
Canal, by Regent's Canal Co. 

River Derwent Navigation (40 miles) acquired by trus- 
tees representing the North Eastern Railway, for 
^40,000. 



1856 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 85 

1857 

Shropshire Canal Co. dissolved; portion of canal con^ 
verted into a railway ; portion vested in Shropshire 
Union Railway and Canal Co.; portion vested in 
London and North Western Railway. 

Tramway between Lancaster Canal, north end and south 
end abandoned (about 5 miles long). 

Conservators of the River Thames incorporated, and the 
control of the Lower River Navigation (from Staines 
to Yantlet) taken over by them from the Corpora- 
tion of the City of London. 

Messrs. Gurney and Co., Bankers, Norwich, take over the 
River Stort Navigation from the second Sir George 
Duckett. 



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86 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1858 

Lock and weir at Tewkesbury on River Severn, com- 
pleted. 

Andover Canal Co. dissolved, and canal sold to Andover 
and Redbridge Railway Co., and converted into £ 
railway. 



1859 

West London Railway, owners of Kensington Canal, 
vested in West London Extension Railway on its 
incorporation ; who convert 1 mile 28 chains of the 
canal into a railway, leaving 33 chains open. 

Act to enable the Corporation of York to abandon the 
River Foss Navigation, with the exception of the 
last two miles before its junciion with the River 
Ouse. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 87 

i860 

Steam tugs first used on Gloucester and Berkeley Ship 
Canal. 

Churchbridge Branch, Birmingham Canal Navigations, 
constructed. 

River Avon (Upper Navigation) from Evesham to 
Stratford-on-Avon purchased by Mr. Broughton, 
an officer of the Oxford, Worcester and Wolver- 
hampton Railway, the railway company subsequently 
repaying him the purchase money. 



1861 

Nottingham and Grantham Railway ; owners of Notting- 
ham Canal and Grantham Canal, leased to Great 
Northern Railway for 999 years from August 1. 



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88 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1862 

Ulverston Canal (i\ miles) purchased by Furness 
Railway Co., for ^2 2,004 15^ 

Stover Canal, originally constructed by the Duke of 
Somerset, purchased by Moretonhampstead and 
South Devon Railway, for ^8000. 

St. Germain's Sluice, at mouth of Middle Level Drain, gave 
way, bursting western bank of the drain and flooding 
6000 acres of land, May. 

Great Eastern Railway incorporated, absorbing Eastern 
Counties Railway, lessees of Stowmarket and 
Ipswich Navigation, and owners of Norwich and 
Lowestoft Navigation. 

Nene Valley Act passed, under which the incorporated 
Commissioners established in 1852 were dissolved, 
and two new sets of commissioners appointed : one 
set for the first and second divisions of the river from 
Northampton to Peterborough, and the other set for 
the third division of the river from Peterborough to 
Bevis Hall, two miles above Wisbech. 

Act to separate the Middle Level from the Bedford Level 
Corporation, and incorporation of Middle Level 
Commissioners* 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 89 

1863 

Great Western Railway acquire Oxford, Worcester and 
Wolverhampton Railway ; owners of Stratford-upon- 
Avon Canal, Stourbridge Extension Canal, guaran- 
tors of River Severn, and controllers of the River 
Avon (Upper Navigation). 

Act for sale of Newport Pagnell Canal to London and 
North Western Railway, portion to be converted into 
a railway. 

Worcester and Birmingham Canal passes into the hands 
of a receiver. 



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go A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1864 

Grand Western Canal (30 miles) purchased by Bristol 
and Exeter Railway, for ^30,640. 

Newcastle-under-Lyme Canal (2 miles) leased in per- 
petuity to North Staffordshire Railway Co., owners 
of Trent and Mersey Canal, at an annual rental of 
£$& iox. 

Lancaster Canal, north end, (60 miles) leased for 999 
years to London and North Western Railway. 

Lancaster Canal, south end, (14 miles) leased for 999 
years to Leeds and Liverpool Canal Co. 

St. Helen's Canal and Railway Co., owners of St. Helen's 
Canal, amalgamated with London and North 
Western Railway. 

Last dividend paid by Thames and Severn Canal. 

Grand Surrey Canal and Commercial Dock Co. amal- 
gamate, becoming Surrey Commercial Dock Co. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 9 1 

1865 

Brecon and Abergavenny Canal (34 miles) purchased by 
Monmouthshire Canal Co. (also a railway Co.), for 
^61,861. 

Calder and Hebble Navigation leased to Aire and Calder 
Navigation for 21 years, and guaranteed a dividend 
of 8 per cent., with option of purchase at a guaranteed 
dividend of %\ per cent. 

Duke of Bedford obtained a perpetual injunction against 
the Nene Navigation Commissioners (third division) 
to prevent them from removing the Northey Gravel 
Shoal in the River Nene below Peterborough. 



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92 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1 866 

Bridgwater and Taunton Canal (15 \ miles) purchased by 
Bristol and Exeter Railway, for ^7 2,01 2 

Thames Conservancy take over control of the Upper 
Thames Navigation, from Staines to Cricklade, from 
the Upper Thames Navigation Commissioners. 

Injunction obtained against the Bradford Canal Co. to 
prevent them causing a nuisance by the canal, which 
had become much polluted. 

Act for further improvement of River Weaver Navigation, 
and for locks 320 feet by 42 feet 6 inches, with 
15 feet of water on sills. 

Conservancy of the Rivers Bure, Yare and Waveney, 
vested in the Great Yarmouth Port and Haven 
Commissioners. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 93 

1867 

Forth and Clyde Canal (53 miles) amalgamated with 
Caledonian Railway; the canal proprietors being 
incorporated as the Forth and Clyde Navigation 
Guaranteed Co., and being guaranteed by the 
Caledonian Railway Co. a fixed annuity of ^£7 1,333 
6s. 8d., equal to 6J per cent, on the capital of the 
dissolved Canal Co. 

Lease of Louth Navigation for 90 years from 1777, 
held by Great Northern Railway, and originally 
granted to Mr. Chaplin, expires. 

Grand Western Canal, section from Loudwell to Taunton 
closed, 



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94 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1868 
River Lee Conservancy Board incorporated. 

Fenny Compton tunnel (1200 yards long) on Summit 
Level of Oxford Canal, removed at a cost of £1 5,000. 

Act for abandonment of Wey and Arun Junction Canal. 



1869 

Act obtained for the erection of two locks and weirs at 
Gloucester on the River Severn — Llanthony and 
Maisemore. 

Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal vested in Glasgow 
and South Western Railway, and Canal Co. dis- 
solved. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 95 

1870 

Hereford and Gloucester Canal (34 miles) vested in 
Great Western Railway. 

Cromford Canal (16 miles) purchased by Midland 
Railway, for ^"93,500. 

The Radstock tramway of the Somersetshire Coal Canal 
purchased by the Somerset and Dorset Railway, for 
^20,000. 



1871 

Barnsley Canal, leased to Aire and Calder Navigation 
since 1854, purchased by them for ^46,800. 

Bradford Canal, lower part sold to a new Co., small 
portion at upper end sold off. 



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96 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1872 

Swansea Canal (17 miles) purchased by Great Western 
Railway, for ^147,666. 

Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway, owners of 
Stover Canal, vested in Great Western Railway. 

Act for the construction of a lift at Anderton, from the 
River Weaver to the Trent and Mersey Canal. 

Bridgewater Canal sold by the Bridgewater Trustees to 
the Bridgewater Navigation Co., for ^989,612. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 97 

1873 

Railway and Canal Traffic Act passed, under which are 
appointed the Railway Commissioners. 

Tavistock Canal transferred to the Duke of Bedford. 

River Avon (Upper Navigation) from Evesham to 
Stratford-on-Avon ceased to be navigable. 

River Stort Navigation sold by Messrs. Gurney & Co., 
Bankers, Norwich, to Messrs. Truman, Hanbury, 
Buxton & Co. 



1874 

Gloucester and Berkeley Canal Co. become Sharpness 
New Docks and Gloucester and Birmingham Navi- 
gation Co. 

Sharpness New Docks opened. 

Worcester and Birmingham Canal, also lessees of Droit- 
wich Junction Canal, purchased by Sharpness New 
Docks and Gloucester and Birmingham Navigation 
Co. 

H 



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98 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

Droitwich Canal leased to Sharpness New Docks and 
Gloucester and Birmingham Navigation Co. for 
999 years, at an annual rental of ^1600. 

South Yorkshire Railway, owners of Dearne and Dove 
Canal, River Dun Navigation, and Stainforth and 
Keadby Canal, vested in Manchester, Sheffield and 
Lincolnshire Railway. 

Lease of merchandise traffic of Leeds and Liverpool 
Canal to London and North Western, Midland, and 
. Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Cos. for 21 years, 
lapsed on August 4. 

Bridgewater Navigation Co. commence the use of steam 
tugs on the Bridgewater Canal. 

Explosion of five tons of gunpowder on board Grand 
Junction Canal Co.'s boat " Tilbury," at Northgate 
Bridge, Regent's Canal, killing three men and doing 
great damage to surrounding property, October 2. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 99 

1875 

Anderton hydraulic lift from River Weaver to Trent and 
Mersey Canal, completed at a total cost of ^48,428. 

Thames and Severn Canal Co. become carriers (June). 

Act for Romford Canal. 

Act for abandonment of Baybridge Canal. 

River Avon (Upper Navigation) from Evesham to Strat- 
ford-on-Avon, abandoned. 

Act for regulating the manufacture, keeping, selling and. 
carrying of explosives. 



h 2 



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ioo A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1876 

Bristol and Exeter Railway, owners of Grand Western 
Canal, and Bridgwater and Taunton Canal, amalga- 
mated with Great Western Railway. 

Act for abandonment of Coombe Hill Canal, and dis- 
solution of Co. 

Act for closing River Ivel Navigation. 

Wilts and Berks Canal Co. incorporated, and the 
undertaking of the Wilts and Berks Canal Navi- 
gation transferred to them. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 101 



1877 

First Canal Boats Act, providing for registration of boats 
and appointment of Inspectors of boats. 

Act for abandonment of Leicester and Melton Mowbray 
Navigation, and dissolution of Co. 

Application made by Messrs. Foster Brothers, Gloucester, 
to the Railway Commissioners, to compel the 
Great Western Railway to maintain the River Avon 
(Upper Navigation) from Evesham to Stratford-on- 
Avon, which application was dismissed on the ground 
that the appellants were unable to show that the 
respondents were the owners of the navigation. 



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A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1878 

Act transferring Bradford Canal jointly to Leeds and 
Liverpool Canal and Aire and Calder Navigation. 

Act vesting in the Great Western Railway Co. and the 
Severn Navigation Commissioners, the undertakings 
of the Gloucester and Worcester Horse Towing 
Path Co. and the River Severn Horse Towing Path 
Extension Co. 

Act for closing the Sleaford Navigation, and for the dis- 
solution of the Co. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 103 



1879 

Foss Dyke Canal vested in Great Northern and Great 
Eastern Joint Railways. 

Act for Slough Branch of Grand Junction Canal. 



1880 

Monmouthshire Canal Co. (also a Railway Co.) vested 
in Great Western Railway. 



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io4 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1881 

Leicester Improvement Act, under which, to prevent 
floods, the Leicester Corporation, at a cost of 
,£32,000, improved the channel of the River Soar 
through Leicester; the portion of which north of 
the West Bridge is part of the Leicester Navigation, 
and the portion south of the West Bridge part of 
the Old Union Canal. 

Act to enable the River Narr Navigation Commissioners 
to sell their undertaking to the Narr Valley Drain- 
age Board. 

Act for discontinuing the Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone 
Canal of the Glasgow and South Western Railway. 

Forth and Clyde Navigation Guaranteed Co. dissolved, 
the proprietors receiving ,£1,783,333 6s. 8d. f 4 per 
cent, guaranteed annuities stock of the Caledonian 
Railway Co. 

Conservators of the River Medway incorporated, in whom 
is vested the control of the river from Hawkwood to 
Sheerness. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 105 



1882 

Regent's Canal City and Docks Railway Co. incor- 
porated, and Regent's Canal (gf miles) vested in 
them. 

First meeting held at the house of Mr. Daniel Adamsori 
to discuss the project of a Ship Canal from Man- 
chester to the sea, June 27. 



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106 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1883 

House of Commons Select Committee on Canals. 

Slough Branch of Grand Junction Canal opened. 

Great Western Railway Co. acquire about four-fifths of 
the total shares in the Thames and Severn Canal 
Co., the offices of the Canal Co. being after this 
removed to Paddington Station. 

Act for regulating the navigation of the Thames between 
Cricklade and Yantlet Creek. 

Act transferring River Ribble Navigation to Corporation 
of Preston. 

Ashton, Peak Forest and Macclesfield Canals previously 
leased to, vested in Manchester, Sheffield and 
Lincolnshire Railway Co., and dissolution of Ashton 
Canal Co., Peak Forest Canal Co. and Maccles- 
field Canal Co. 

Act constituting the Regent's Canal a separate under- 
taking of the Regent's Canal, City and Docks 
Railway Co. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 107 

1884 
Canal Boats Amendment Act passed. 

Act to provide for the maintenance of the River Trent 
from Wilden Ferry to Gainsborough, dissolving the 
Company of Proprietors of the Trent Navigation, 
and the Trent Navigation and Carrying Co. Ltd., 
and incorporating the Trent Navigation Co. 

Trent Navigation Co. become carriers. 

Aire and Calder Navigation take over the Conservancy 
of the portion of the River Ouse (York) below 
Skelton Railway Bridge from the Corporation of 
York. 



1885 
Manchester Ship Canal Act passed (August). 

Lancaster Canal Co. dissolved, and the whole under- 
taking vested in the London and North Western 
Railway Co. 

Last dividend paid by Nutbrook Canal. 



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io8 A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1886 

Sheffield Canal Co. dissolved, and Canal vested in Man- 
chester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway Co. 

Manchester Ship Canal prospectus issued, July 20. 

Lease of Calder and Hebble Navigation to Aire and 
Calder Navigation for 2 1 years expires. 



1887 

Contract for Manchester Ship Canal let to Mr. T. A. 
Walker, June 8. 

Bridgewater Canals purchased by Manchester Ship Canal 
Co. for ;£i, 7 10,000, August 4. 

First sod of Manchester Ship Canal cut by Lord Egerton 
of Tatton, November 11. 

Act for the improvement of the navigation of the River 
Trent from Wilden Ferry to Gainsborough, dissolving 
the Trent Navigation Co., and incorporating the 
Trent (Burton-on-Trent and Humber) Navigation 
Co., and for leasing to them for 99 years the Newark 
Dyke. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 109 



1888 

Railway and Canal Traffic Act passed, under which a 
new Railway and Canal Commission is appointed, 
having power to fix tolls and rates. 

Conference on Canals held at the Hall of the Society of 
Arts, May 10 and n. 

Lease of Rochdale Canal to London and North Western, 
North Eastern, Lancashire and Yorkshire, and Man- 
chester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railways expires. 
This lease was granted in 1855 for 21 years, and 
was renewed annually from 1876 to this year. 

Rochdale Canal Co. become Carriers. 

Lease of Stowmarket and Ipswich Navigation to Great 
Eastern Railway, originally granted in 1846 for 
42 years to Eastern Counties Railway, expires. 

River Stort Navigation sold by Messrs. Truman, Hanbury^ 
Buxton & Co. to Mr. J. P. Davis. 

Last dividend paid by Wilts and Berks Canal. 

Naburn new lock, River Ouse (York), opened by Prince 
Albert Victor of Wales, July 27. 



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no A CHRONOLOGY OF 



1889 

Act incorporating Sheffield and South Yorkshire Naviga- 
tion Co., to purchase the Sheffield Canal, Dearne 
and Dove Canal, River Dun Navigation, and Stain- 
forth and Keadby Canal from the Manchester, 
Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. 

Eastern Counties Navigation and Transport Co. incor- 
porated, to restore the navigation of the River Larke 
to Bury St. Edmunds, and for trading on the river 
and other adjoining waterways. 

Mr. T. A. Walker, the contractor for the Manchester Ship 
Canal, died November 25th. 

Last boat passed from the Great Western Railway Co.'s 
Hereford and Gloucester Canal to the River Severn. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION in 



1890 

Act incorporating the River Wharfe Navigation Co., for 
mating the River Wharfe navigable from Tadcaster 
to the River Ouse. 

Act to enable River Severn Commissioners to terminate 
arrangement whereby their income was guaranteed to 
the extent of ^14,000 a year by the Great Western 
Railway, and to improve the river so as to give 
a depth of ten feet from Gloucester to Worcester, 
and seven feet from Worcester to Stourport, and to 
construct a dock at Diglis, Worcester. 

Act for new lock and weir on the Thames at Richmond. 



1891 

Act obtained for a canal tol connect the Aire and Calder 
Navigation at Sykehouse Bridge with the River Dun 
Navigation at Bramwith Lock (not yet commenced). 

Water first let into the Manchester Ship Canal at Elles- 
mere Port, June 19. 

Act for the abandonment of Bude Harbour and portion 
of Bude Canal, and for the use of portion of the 
canal and reservoirs as waterworks. 



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ii2 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1892 

Act for the transfer of the portion of the Portsmouth 
and Arundel Canal, between Chichester City and 
Chichester Harbour, to the Chichester Corpora- 
tion ; and Portsmouth and Arundel Canal Co. wound 
up. 

Act for the transfer of the River Colne Navigation, from 
the Hythe at Colchester to Wivenhoe, to the Col- 
chester Corporation. 

Regent's Canal, City and Docks Railway Co. change their 
name to North Metropolitan Railway and Canal Co. 

Trent (Burton-on-Trent and Humber) Navigation Co. 
change their name to Trent Navigation Co. 

The Company of Proprietors of the Navigation of the 
River Medway change their name to the Medway 
(Upper) Navigation Co. 

Radcot new lock on the Thames, 26 miles above Oxford, 
completed. 

River Stour Navigation (Essex) became a limited liability 
Company, December 31. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 113 

1893 

River Ouse (Bedford) Navigation, from Holywell to 
Bedford, taken over by Mr. L. Simpson, January. 

Richmond new lock and weir on the Thames, opened by 
the Duke of York, May 19. 

Standedge Tunnel, on summit level of London and North 
Western Railway Co.'s Huddersfield Narrow Canal, 
closed for repairs for six months from June 10. 

Act dissolving Eau Brink Navigation Commissioners, 
River Ouse (Bedford), and transferring their duties 
to the South Level Commissioners. 

Manchester Ship Canal completely filled with water, 
November 25. 

Thames and Severn Canal, from near Chalford to Ingle- 
sham, closed, December 30. 



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ii 4 A CHRONOLOGY OF 

1894 
Manchester Ship Canal opened for traffic, January 1. 

Manchester Ship Canal formally opened by the Queen, 
May 21. 

Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation Co. purchase 
the Sheffield Canal, Dearne and Dove Canal, River 
Dun Navigation, and the Stainforth and Keadby 
Canal, for ;£i, 140,000, from the Manchester, Shef- 
field and Lincolnshire Railway, as authorised by Act 
of 1889. 

Grand Union Canal, and Old Union Canal (alias Leices- 
tershire and Northamptonshire Union Canal), pur- 
chased by the Grand Junction Canal Co. for £1 7,500, 
July. 

Eastern Counties Navigation and Transport Co. reopen 
the navigation of the River Larke up to Bury St. 
Edmund's, September. 

Middle Level Commissioners (Bedford Level) prohibit 
steam traffic on the waterways under their juris- 
diction. 

Act to amend and consolidate the Acts relating to the 
Conservancy of the Thames, whereby the number of 
the Conservators is increased from thirty to thirty- 
eight. 



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INLAND NAVIGATION 115 

Eastern Counties Navigation and Transport Co. passes 
into the hands of a receiver, December. 



1895 

Revised rates under Canal Rates, Tolls, and Charges 
Order Confirmation Acts, 1893. and 1894, come into 
force, January 1. 

Thames and Severn Canal Trust, consisting of representa- 
tives of the Sharpness New Docks and Gloucester 
and Birmingham Navigation Co., the Stroudwater 
Navigation, the Staffordshire and Worcestershire 
Canal Co., the Wilts and Berks Canal Co., the Severn 
Commissioners, the County Councils of Berkshire, 
Gloucestershire, and Wiltshire, the Town Council 
of Gloucester, and the Urban District Councils of 
Stroud and Cirencester, take over the Thames and 
Severn Canal from the Thames and Severn Canal Co., 
the shares in which Co. were held to the extent of 
about four-fifths of the whole by the Great Western 
Railway. 

River Ouse (Bedford) Navigation, from Holywell to 
Bedford, reopened after restoration. 

Basingstoke Canal purchased by Woking, Aldershot and 
Basingstoke Canal and Navigation Co, 

1 2 



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n6 INLAND NAVIGATION 

Act to substitute for the existing Trustees of the River 
Weaver Navigation, a representative Trust, consist- 
ing of thirty-eight Trustees. 

Northmoor new lock; on River Thames, \2\ miles above 
Oxford, completed. 



1896 

Grafton new lock, on River Thames, 28 miles above 
Oxford, completed. 



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APPENDIX 

GIVING THE MILEAGE, ETC. TRAVELLED BY THE 

AUTHOR ON THE INLAND NAVIGATIONS OF 

ENGLAND DURING THE TEN YEARS 1887 

TO 1896 INCLUSIVE; AND SOME 

EXTRACTS FROM LOG-BOOK. 



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APPENDIX 



Statement of Mileage Travelled by the Authok 

During the Ten Yean 
Note. — This being a mileage statement, it oftei 



Name of Navigation. 


In own Steam Launches. 


In other Vessels. 




Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnels 


Lifts. 


Miles. 

15 

18I 


Locks. 


Tunnels 


Aire and Calder Navigation 

River Avon (Warwickshire) Lower 
Navigation. 

Basingstoke Canal 

Birmingham Canal Navigations .. 

Birmingham and Warwick Junction 
Canal. 

Calder and Hebble Navigation .. 

River Cam 

Coombe Hill Canal (derelict). 
Coventry Canal 

Grand Junction Canal 

Great Western Railway Co.'s — 
Kennet and Avon Canal 

Stratford-on-Avon Canal 


103 

86J 

77 
66J 

22 

112 

689 

89 
11 


45 
24 

5 8 
118 

6 

33 

52 
740 

96 
20 


4 
2 

14 

5 
1 


•• 


3 


•• 



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APPENDIX 

j the Inland Navigations of England ; 

87 to 1896 inclusive. 

eludes the same ground traversed more than once. 



119 



Valkg. 



Miles. 



Total. 



Miles. Locks. Tunnels Lifts. 



i7i 



103 

86i 
77 



15 

7 

112 

7?4§ 



11 



45 
24 

58 
118 

. 6 

33 

3 

52 
740 



96 



14 



Principal Places visited on each Navigation. 



Leeds, Castleford, Goole, Wakefield, Walton, 
Barnsley Junction. 

Tewkesbury, Pershore, Fladbury, Evesham. 

Woking, Alderstot, Basingstoke. 

Birmingham, Oldbury, Tipton, Wolverhampton, 
Aldersley, Aston, Minworth, Curdworth, Fazeley, 
Whittington, Churchbridge, Pelsall, Catshill, 
Longwood, Perry Barr, Salford Bridge. 

Salford Bridge, Saltley, Bordesley. 

Wakefield, Mirfield, Brighouse, Elland, Sowerby 
Bridge. 

Cambridge, Clayhithe, Pope's Corner. 

Junction with Severn near Wainlode, Coombe Hill. 

Coventry, Hawkesbury, Nuneaton, Atherstone, 
Fazeley, Whittington, Fradley. 

Brentford, Paddington, Slough, Oxbridge, Tring, 
Wendover, Aylesbury, Leighton, Fenny Strat- 
ford, Buckingham, Blisworth, Northampton, Long 
Buckby, Braunston, Crick, Welford, Foxton, 
Market Harborough, Leicester. 



Reading, Newbury, Hungerford, Devizes, Seming- 
ton, Bath. 

King's Norton, Kingswood. 



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120 



APPENDIX 



Statement o\ 


Name of Navigation. 


In 


own Steam Launches. 


In other Vessels. 




Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnel< 


Lifts. 


Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnel; 


Great Northern Railway Co.'s — 














Nottingham Canal 


2 


2 


•• 


•■ 


•• 


•• 


•• 


River Lee 


50 


36 


'•• 


•• 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Leeds and Liverpool Canal .. 


275 


188 


4 


•• 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Leicester Navigation 


31* 


22 






., 


,, 


., 


London and North W estern Railway 
Co.'s— 
















Huddersfield Narrow Canal .. 




•• 




•• 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Loughborough Navigation .. 


18} 


H 




•• 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Manchester, Sheffield and Lincoln- 
shire Railway Co.'s — 
















Ashton Canal 


6* 


18 


.. 


.. 


.. 


.. 


,, 


Peak Forest Canal .. 


8 


16 


2 


., 


## 


.. 


## 


Macclesfield Canal 


26 


13 


.. 


.. 


.. 


.. 


.. 


Manchester Ship Canal 


35 


4 


•• 


•• 


3* 


I 


•• 


Ditto ditto (Bridgewater Canal) . . 


102J 


15 




•• 


••" 


•• 


•• 


River Mersey Estuary 


•• 


•• 


•• 


•• 


6 


•• 


•• 


River Nene Navigation, 1st and 
2nd Division. 


•• 


•• 


•• 






•• 


•• 


Ditto (3rd Division and Wisbech 
Corporation Jurisdiction). 


•• 


". 


•• 




•• 


•• 


•• 



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APPENDIX 



121 



1 1 LE AGE — continued* 



Walkg. 


Total. 


Principal Places visited on each Navigation. 


Miles. 


Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnels 


Lifts. 






2 


2 


.. 


, , 


Nottingham. 


•• 


50 


36 




•• 


Old Ford, Tottenham, Ponder's End, Enfield 
Lock, Waltham, Broxbourae, Ware, Hertford. 


- 


275 


188 


4 


•• 


Liverpool, Burscough, Wigan, Leigh, Blackburn, 
Burnley, Skipton, Bingley, Leeds. 




3i| r 


22 


•• 


•• 


Leicester, Mountsorrel, Loughborough. 


4i 


4i 


•• 


•• 


- 


From top lock Diggle to top lock Marsden, over 
Standedge Tunnel. 


•• 


i8J 


H 


•• 


•• 


Loughborough, Normanton-on-Soar, RatclirTe-on- 
Soar. 




6i 


18 






Dukinfield, Ancoats, Manchester. 


,. 


8 


16 


2 


., 


Marple, Hyde, Dukinfield. 




26 


t3 


.. 


.. 


Hall Green, Congleton, Macclesfield, Marple. 


•• 


38J 


5 


•• 


•• 


Manchester, Barton, Latchford, Runcorn, Ellesmere 
Port, Eastharn. 




102^ 


15 


•• 


•• 


Runcorn, Preston Brook, Stretford, Manchester, 
Patricroft, Leigh. 


•• 


6 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Eastharn, Liverpool. 


21 


21 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Northampton Bridge and Lock, Peterborough 
Bridge, Orton Staunch. 


Ij 


ii 


•• 


•• 


•• 


Peterborough Bridge, Stanground Sluice, Wisbech. 



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122 



APPENDIX 



Statement of 



Name of Navigation. 


In own Steam Launches. 


In other Vessels. 




Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnels 


Lifts. 


Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnels 


North n Metropolitan Railway and 
Canal Co.'s — 
















Regent's Canal 


II 


18 


2 


.. 


.. 


.. 


.. 


North Staffordshire Railway Co.'s — 
















Trent and Mersey Canal 


221$ 


167 


13 


•• 


If 




I 


River Ouse (Bedfordshire) 


.. 


.. 


.. 




38J 


I 


.. 


Oxford Canal 


557* 


367 


4 


•• 


9 


6 


•• 


Rochdale Canal 


33i 


IOI 


3 


•• 


.. 


.. 


.. 


River Severn 


197 


24 


•• 


•• 


•• 




•• 


Sharpness New Docks and Glouces- 
ter and Birmingham Navigation 
Co.'s Canals — 
















Gloucester and Berkeley Ship 
Canal. 


41 


3 


•• 


•• 


- 


•• 


•• 


Worcester and Birmingham 
Canal. 


6 9 f 


146 


10 


•• 


•• 


•• 


- 


Droitwich Canal 


51 


9 




## 




., 


.. 


Droitwich Junction Canal 


ij 


6 




.. 


,. 


.. 


.. 


Sheffield and South Yorkshire Co.'s 
Navigations — 
















Dearne and Dove Canal 


10 


19 












River Dun Navigation .. 


19 


8 


.. 


.. 


.. 


.. 


., 


Stainforth and Keadby Canal 


n 


2 


•• 


'• 


•• 


•• 


•• 



Hosted by G00gk 



Valkg. 



Miles. 



APPENDIX 



123 



ILEAGE — continued. 



Total. 



Miles. Locks. Tunnels Lifts. 



II 

223J 

566* 

33i 

197 

41 
69* 

51 

ij 

10 
*9 
13 



18 
167 

1 

373 
101 

24 

3 
146 

9 
6 



19 

8 



14 

4 
3 



Principal Places visited on each Navigation. 



Paddington, Islington, Old Ford, Limehouse, Hert- 
ford Union Branch Canal to the Lee. 

Wilden Ferry, Shardlow, Fradley, Rugeley, Stone, 

Stoke-on-Trent, Hall Green, Middlewich, North- 

wich, Preston Brook. 
King's Lynn, Denver Sluice, Littleport, Ely, Pope's 

Corner. 
Oxford, Banbury, Napton, Braunston, Hillmorton, 

Hawkesbury. 
Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden, 

Rochdale, Newton Heath, Manchester. 

Stourport, Holt, Hawford, Worcester, Upton, 
Tewkesbury, Gloucester. 



Gloucester, Sharpness. 

Worcester, Stoke Prior, Tardebigge, King's Norton, 
Birmingham. 

Hawford, Droitwich. 

Droitwich, Hanbury Wharf. 



Barnsley Junction, Swinton. 

Swinton, Mexborough, Doncaster, Stainforth. 

Stainforth, Keadby. 



Hosted by G00gk 



124 



APPENDIX 



Statement o 



Name of Navigation. 


In own Steam Launches. 


In other Vessels. 




Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnels 


Lifts. 


Miles. 


Locks. 


Tunnel 


Shropshire Union Canals 

Staffordshire and Worcestershire 
Canal. 

River Stort .. .. 

Stroud water Canal 

River Thames 

Thames and Severn Canal 

River Trent 

Warwick and Birmingham Canal . . 
Warwick and Napton Canal .. 

River Weaver 

River Wey 

Ditto (Godalming Navigation) 
Wilts and Berks Canal 


343 

55i 
27 

6| 
57291 

4 6i 
90 

5o 
42f 

12 

37h 

10 

224I 


208 

5* 

30 

II 

1753 

54 
8 

88 
75 

4 
34 

8 
209 


10 

I 

I 

3 
4 


1* 


IO 

276 
26£ 


2 

165 
24 


- 




9968I 


4923 


83 


I 


404} 


202 


I 



Total .. .. 10,131 miles; 



* Anderton, 50 feet rise. 



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APPENDIX 



125 



Mileage —continued. 



Walkg. 


Total. 


Principal Places visited on each Navigation. 


Miles. 


Miles. 


Locks. 


runnels 


Lifts. 




•• 


343 


208 


IO 


•• 


Autherley, Market Drayton, Nantwich, Ellesmere, 
Chirk, Pontcysy lite, Llantisilio, Llanymynech, Car- 
reghofa, Welshpool, Newtown, Barbridge, Middle- 
wich, Bunbury, Beeston, Chester, Ellesmere Port. 


•• 


esi 


S3 


I 


•• 


Great Haywood, Penkridge, Autherley, Kidder- 
minster, Stourport, Churchbridge. 


•• 


27 


30 






Roydon, Harlow, Sawbridgeworth, Bishop's Stort- 
ford. 


2 


8| 


11 


,, 


.. 


Stroud, The Junction, Framilode. 


•• 


60C5I 


1918 


•• 


••■ 


London, Richmond, Kingston, Windsor, Henley, 
Reading, Abingdon, Oxford, New Bridge, Lech- 
lade, Inglesham. 


24I 


97 


78 


I 


•• 


Inglesham, Cricklade, Latton, Siddington, Chalford, 
Brinscombe, Stroud. 




90 


8 


- 




Wilden Ferry, Nottingham, Newark, Gainsborough, 
Keadby. 




50 


88 


3 




Birmingham, Kingswood, Warwick. 




42I 


75 


.. 


.. 


Warwick, Leamington, Napton. 




12 


4 


.. 


I 


Weston Marsh, Saltersford, Anderton. 




37i 


34 


.. 




Weybridge, Guildford. 




10 


8 


.. 




Guildford, Godalming. 




224^ 


209 


4 




Abingdon, Wantage, Challow, Swindon, Cricklade, 
Latton, Wootton Bassett, Dauntsey, Melksham, 
Semington. 


58* 


10131 


5125 


84 


I 





5125 locks; 84 tunnels ; 1 lift. 



Hosted by G00gle 



126 APPENDIX. 



EXTRACTS FROM LOG-BOOK. 

Longest Voyage. — 61 days, from June 17 to August 16, 1895. 
From Oxford to Hawkesbury, Atherstone, Fazeley, Fradley, Ruge- 
ley, Great Haywood, Autherley, Market Drayton, Nantwich, 
Ellesmere, Welshpool, Newtown, Chester, Ellesmere Port, Run- 
corn, Leigh, Wigan, Liverpool, Blackburn, Burnley, Leeds, Goole, 
Wakefield, Sowerby Bridge, Rochdale, Manchester, Middlewich, 
Stoke-on-Trent, Fradley, Atherstone, Braunston, Wolverton, 
Leighton, Tring, Uxbridge, Brentford, Kingston-on-Thames, 
Windsor, Reading, Oxford : 1013 miles, 674 locks, 17 tunnels. 
Fuel consumed : W T elsh coal, 2 tons, 10 cwt. ; hard coal, 12 cwt. ; 
coke, 6 tons 13 cwt. 

Greatest Distance Run in One Day. — 51^ miles, from 
just above Sonning Lock (River Thames) to Kingston-on-Thames, 
including 19 locks. Time occupied, n| hours. September 28, 
1890. 

Greatest Number of Hours' Running in One Day. — 
13, from Thames Ditton (River Thames) to Hertford Lock (River 
Lee), 51 \ miles, and 24 locks, via Regent's Canal and Hertford 
Union Canal, February 12, 1896. Thames Ditton, depart 4 A.M., 
stop at Tottenham I hour and Waltham Common § hour, Hertford 
Lock, arrive 6 . 30 P.M. 

Greatest Number of Boat (or Narrow) Locks Worked 
in One Day. — 58, on Worcester and Birmingham Canal, May 21, 
1896. 

Greatest Number of Barge (or Wide) Locks Worked 
in One Day.— 55, on Rochdale Canal, July 29, 1895. 

Longest Tunnel Traversed.— Sapperton, on summit level 
of Thames and Severn Canal, 3808 yards long ; time taken to steam 
through, 50 minutes. October 22, 1891. 

Longest Time Taken to Traverse a Tunnel. — 3 hours, 
in a loaded narrow boat " legged " through Harecastle Old Tunnel, 
on summit level of Trent and Mersey Canal, 2897 yards long, 
August 1, 1895. 



Hosted by G00gle 



INDEX. 



Aberdare Canal, 44 

Adamson, Mr. Daniel, 105 

Adur, River (Sussex), 55 

Aire, River, 3 

Aire and Colder Navigation, 13, 34, 

35, 61, 61, 64, 83, 91, 95, 102, 

107, 108, ill 
Alford Canal, 64 
Ancholme Drainage and Navigation, 

29 
Anderton lift, River Weaver, 96, 99 
Andover Canal, 39, 86 
Andover and Redbridge Railway, 86 
Arun, River, 38 
Ashby Canal, 46, 54, 74 
Ashley, Henry, 12, 13 
Ashton Canal, 42, 49, 78, 106 
Avon, River (Bath), 13, 14 
Avon, River (Salisbury), 10 
Avon, River (Warwick), 7, 22, 43, 

87, 89, 97, 99. 10* 
Axe, River, 52 
Aylesbury Branch, Grand Junction 

Canal, 45, 58 



Barbridge and Middle wich Branch, 

Ellesmere and Chester Canal, 64 
Barnsley Canal, 21, 44, 51, 83, 95 
Barton Aqueduct, of Bridgewater 

Canal, 26, 26 
Basingstoke Canal, 35, 48, 115 
Baybridge Canal, 64, 99 
Bedford, Francis, fourth Earl of, 7, 

8 
Bedford, William, fifth Earl of, and 

afterwards first Duke, 8, 9 



Bedford, William, eighth Duke of, 

91 
Bedford, Francis, ninth Duke of, 97 
Bedford Level, 10, 12, 65, 88 
Bentley Canal, Birmingham Canal 

Navigations, 71 
Beverley Beck, 19 
Birmingham and Fazeley Canal, 37, 

40 
Birmingham and Liverpool Junction 

Canal, 24, 64, 65, 68, 76 
Birmingham and Warwick Junction 

Canal, 71, 72 
Birmingham Canal Navigations, 16, 

30, 3°, 32, 3&,45> 5*, 59, 68,68, 

70, 71, 71, 74, 76, 83, 87 
Blisworth Tunnel, Grand Junction 

Canal, 54 
Blyth, River, 24 
Bradford Canal, 31, 33, 92, 95, 

102 
Brandon, River, or Little Ouse, 10, 

18 
Braunston Tunnel, Grand Junction 

Canal, 48 
Brecon and Abergavenny Canal, 44, 

91 
Bridgewater Canal, 16, 20, 25, 26, 

26, 26, 26, 27, 29, 32, 47, 73, 96, 

98, 108 
Bridgewater, Francis, Duke of, 20, 

53 
Bridgwater and Taunton Canal, 57, 

92, 100 
Brindley, James, 16, 32, 32 
Bristol and Exeter Railway, 90, 92, 

100 



Hosted by G00gle 



128 



INDEX 



Buckingham Branch, Grand Junc- 
tion Canal, 45, 51, 52 
Bude Canal, 33, 61, in 
Bure, River, 17, 33, 92 



Caistor Canal, 43 

Calder and Hebble Navigation, 25, 

29, 64, 91, 108 
Caldon Branch, Trent and Mersey 

Canal, 34 
Caledonian Canal, 24, 53, 54, 62, 

Caledonian Railway, 93, 104 

Cam, River, 14, 18 

Canals and Rivers, General Acts 
relating to, 2, 71, 74, 78, 83, 97, 
99, 109, IIS 

Canal Boats Act, 101, 107 

Canal boats, cost of, in 1794., 46 

Canals, Select Committee on, 106 

Canals, Society of Arts Conference 
on, 109 

Cannock Extension, Birmingham 
Canal Navigations, 83 

Canterbury Navigation, 4 

Carlisle Canal, 61 

Carriers,, various companies become, 
66, 74, 99, 107, 109 

Cattle, conveyance of, by canal, 53 

Chelmer and Blackwater Naviga- 
tion, 28, 43, 48 

Chertsey Lock, River Thames, 56 

Chester Canal, 32, 34, 58 

Chesterfield Canal, 16, 31, 32, 34, 

34-74 
Chichester Corporation, 112 
Chirk Aqueduct, Ellesmere Canal, 

48, 52 m 
Churchbridge Branch, Birmingham 

Canal Navigations, 87 
Colchester Corporation, 112 
Colne, River (Essex), 6, 112 
Coombe Hill Canal, 42, 100 
Coventry Canal, 16, 30, 38, 40 
Crinan Canal, 44, 78 
Cromford Canal, 21, 39, 95 



Dane, River, 16 

Davis, Mr. J. P., 109 

Dearne and Dove Canal, 43, 54, 77, 

98, no, 114 
Dee, River, 13 
Denver Sluice, 8, 15, 21 
Derby Canal, 43 
Derwent, River (Yorkshire), 3, 14, 

54, 76, 84 
Digbeth Branch, Birmingham and 

Fazeley Canal, 37 
Diglis Locks, River Severn, 73 
Douglas, River, 16, 37 
Driffield Navigation, 29 
Droitwich Canal, 16, 30, 98 
Droitwich Junction Canal, 81, 81, 

97 
Duckett's, or Hertford Union, 

Canal, 63, 84 
Duckett, the first Sir George, 63 
Duckett, the second Sir George, 

63, 85 
Dudley Canal, 34, 76 
Dun, River, 3, 19, 77, 98, no, in, 

114 
Dutch, River, 6 



East Lincolnshire Railway, 77, 78 
Eastern Counties Navigation and 

Transport Co., no, 114, 115 
Eastern Counties Railway, 73, 75, 

88 
Eau Brink Cut, 47, 60, 62, 113 
Eden, River, 17 
Edinburgh and Glasgow Union 

Canal, 60, 62, 79 
Ellesmere Canal, 24, 44, 47, 48, 

52, 53, 5« „ , n 

Ellesmere and Chester Canal, 58, 

64, 66, 67, 76 
Erewash Canal, 35 
Exeter Canal, 5, 5, 1 1, 61, 63 
Explosion of gunpowder on Regent's 

Canal, 98 
Explosives, Act regulating, 99 



Hosted by G00gle 



INDEX 



T29 



Fal, River (or Vale), n 

Fenny Compton Tunnel, Oxford 
Canal, 94 

Fens, early drainage of the, 5, 7, 8, 
8,9 

Forth and Clyde Canal, 30, 39, 40, 

. 76, 93 

Forth and Clyde Navigation Gua- 
ranteed Co., 93, 104 

Forty Foot River, 8 

Foss, River, 43, 82, 86 

Foss Dyke Canal, 1, 36, 71, 74, 
103 

Foulridge Tunnel, Leeds and Liver- 
pool Canal, 48 

Frome, River, 13 

Furness Railway Co., 88 

Gannow Tunnel, Leeds and Liver- 
pool Canal, 52 
Glamorganshire Canal, 40, 45 
Glasgow and South Western Rail- 
way, 94, 104 
Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone 

Canal, 55, 94, 104 
Glastonbury Navigation, 65 
Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal, 

44, 65, 87, 97 
Grafton Lock, River Thames, 116 
Grand Junction Canal, 21, 43, 45, 
46,47,48,49, 51, 51, 51,52,52, 

53, 54, 54, 55, 5»» S», 59, 98, 103, 

106, 114 
Grand Surrey Canal, 52, 79, 90 
Grand Union Canal, 56, 58, 1 14 
Grand Western Canal, 48, 58, 6S, 

90, 93, 100 
Grantham Canal, 21, 43, 74, 87 
Gravesend and Rochester Canal, 73, 

Gravesend and Rochester Railway 

and Canal Co., 73, 75 
Great Eastern Railway, 88, 103, 

109 
Great Northern Railway, 74, 75, 78, 

87, 93, 103 



Great sluice at Boston, 27 

Great Western Railway, 81, 89, 95, 

96, 96, 100, 101, 102, 103, 106, 

no, in, 115 
Gresley Canal, 34 
Guilsfield Branch, Montgomeryshire 

Canal, 62 
Gunpowder explosion on Regent's 

Canal, 98 
Gurney & Co., Messrs., 85, 97 



Halifax Branch, Calder and 
Hebble Navigation, 64 

Hall Green Branch, Trent and 
Mersey Canal, 65 

Harecastle Old Tunnel, Trent and 
Mersey Canal, 35 

Harecastle New Tunnel, Trent and 
Mersey Canal, 63, 63, 65 

Hatherton Branch, Staffordshire and 
Worcestershire Canal, 72 

Hereford and Gloucester Canal, 41, 
5o, 95, «o 

Hermitage Sluice, 8 

Hertford Union Canal, or Duckett's 
Canal, 63, 84 

Horncastle Navigation, 21, 42, 52 

Huddersfield and Manchester Rail- 
way and Canal Co., 73, 77, 77 

Huddersfield Broad, or Sir J. Rams- 
den's Canal, 33, 77, 77 

Huddersfield Narrow Canal, 45, 50, 

73, 77, 113 
Hull, River, 2 
Humber, River, 3, 4 
Hundred Foot River, 8 



Idle, River, 16 

Itchin, River, 10 

Ivel, River, 24, 100 

Ivelchester and Langport Canal, 47 



Jessop, William, 21, 58 



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130 



INDEX 



Kennet, River, 15, 58 

Kennet and Avon Canal, 26, 45, 50, 

52, 56, 58, 81 
Kensington Canal, 63, 69, 86 
Ketley Canal, 39, 43 
Kidwelly Canal, 28 
Killington Reservoir, Lancaster 

Canal, 61 
Kinderley's Cut, 33 
Kington and Leominster Canal, 41, 

Knottingley and Goole Canal, Aire 
and Calder Navigation, 61, 64 

Lancashire and Yorkshire Rail- 
way, 77, 82, 84, 98, 109 

Lancaster Aqueduct, Lancaster 
Canal, 48 

Lancaster Canal, 26, 42, 48, 61, 64, 

85, 90, 90, io7 
Larke, River, 13, 18, no, 114 
Leather, Mr. George, 59 
Lee, River, 1, 3, 3, 28, 94 
Leeds and Liverpool Canal, 31, 34, 

35, 37, 40, 48, 52, 6o » 6l > 62 , 74, 

82, 90, 98, 102 
Leeds and Thirsk Railway, 73, 83 
Leicester and Melton Mowbray 

Navigation, 41, 101 
Leicester Navigation, 21, 41, 45, 

104 
Leicestershire and Northampton- 
shire Union, or Old Union Canal, 

44, 104, 114 
Leek Branch, Trent and Mersey 

Canal, 49 
Leigh Branch of Bridgewater Canal, 

47 
Leigh Branch, Leeds and Liverpool 

Canal, 61, 62 
Leven Canal, 5 2 
Lifts for canal boats, 39, 56, 80, 96, 

99 
Limehouse Cut, River Lee, 28 
Liskeard Canal, 64 
Llanthony Lock, River Severn, 94 



Lock, first narrow boat, in England, 

32 
Locks, known to the Italians, 3 
London and North Western Rail- 
way, 74, 77, 77* 8 2, 84, 85, 89, 
90, 90, 9», 107, 109, 113 
London, Brighton and South Coast 

Railway, 79 
Loughborough Navigation, 28, 34 
Louth Navigation, ,27, 35, 77, 78, 

93 
Lune, River, 22 



Macclesfield Canal, 24, 64, 75, 

106 
Maisemore Lock, River Severn, 94 
Manchester and Leeds Railway, 7$, 

77 
Manchester and Salford Junction 

Canal, 69, 71 
Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal, 

4 1 ' 75, 77 , , T . " 

Manchester Sheffield and Lincoln- 
shire Railway, 74, 75, 78, 78, 84, 
98, 106, 108, 109, no, 114 
Manchester Ship Canal, 105, 107, 
108, 108, 108, 108, 110, in, 113, 
114, 114 
Market Weighton Canal, 32, 77, 

83 
Medway, River, 10, 21, 42, 52, 104, 

112 

Mersey and Irwell Navigation, 16, 

7 1 ' 73 
Middle Level, 12, 23, 88, 114 
Middle Level Drain, 88 
Midland Railway, 74, 82, 95, 98 
Molesey Lock, River Thames, 57 
Monkland Canal, 31, 76, 80 
Monmouthshire Canal, 42, 48, 75, 

9i, 103 
Monmouthshire Railway and Canal 

Co., 75 
Montgomeryshire Canal, 45, 62, 76 
Moretonhampstead and South 

Devon Railway, 88, 96 



Hosted by G00gle 



INDEX 



131 



Naburn Lock, River Ouse (York), 
109 

Narr, River, 22, 104 

Neath Canal, 41 

Nene, River, 8, 15, 18, 23, 26, 33, 
65, 66, 81, 88, 91 

Netherton Tunnel Branch, Birming- 
ham Canal Navigations, 83 

New Bedford River, 8 

Newark Dyke, 32, 108 

Newcastle-under-Lyme Canal, 47, 
90 

Newport Branch, Birmingham and 
Liverpool Junction Canal, 65 

Newport Pagnell Canal, 58, 89 

North British Railway, 79 

^North Eastern Railway, 83, 83, 84, 
84, 109 

North Staffordshire Railway, 75, 90 

North Walsham and Dilham Canal, 

57 

North Wilts Canal, 58,161, 62 

Northampton Branch, Grand Junc- 
tion Canal, 43, 58, 59 

Northmoor Lock, River Thames, 
116 

Norwich and Lowestoft Navigation, 
65, 73, 88 

Norwood Tunnel, Chesterfield 
Canal, 34 

Nottingham Canal, 21, 42, 52, 74, 

87 

Nottingham and Grantham Rail- 
way, 74, S7 

Nutbrook Canal, 43, 107 



Oakham Canal, 43 

Old Bedford River, 7 

Old Stratford Branch, Grand Junc- 
tion Canal, 43 

Old Union or Leicestershire and 
Northamptonshire Union Canal, 
44, 104, 114 

Ouse Banks Commissioners, 69 

Ouse Haling Ways Commissioners, 
40 



Ouse, River (Bedford), 8, 10, 12, 1 5, 
18, 21, 40, 47, 60, 62, 69, 113, 

"3, "5 
Ouse, River, Little, or Brandon 

River, 10, 18 
Ouse, River (Sussex), 21, 40 
Ouse, River (York), 3, 4, 9, 107, 109 
Oxford Canal, 16, 30, 34, 35, 38, 

40, 66, 68, 94 
Oxford, Worcester and Wolver- 
hampton Railway, 74, 75, 87, 89 



Paddington Branch, Grand Junc- 
tion Canal, 47, 52 
Peak Forest Canal, 45, 51, 75, 106 
Penton Hook Lock, River Thames, 

58 
Pocklington Canal, 59, 77, 83 
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, Ellesmere 

Canal, 47, 53 * 
Popham's Eau, 5 
Popham, Lord Chief Justice, 5 
Portsmouth and Arundel Canal, 60, 
82, 112 



Radcot Lock, River Thames, 112 
Ramsden's, Sir J., or Huddersfield 

Broad Canal, 33, 77, 77 
Rates and Tolls, new schedule of, 

115 
Regent's Canal, 57, 61, 84, 98, 105, 

106, 112 
Rennie, John, 26, 62 
Reynolds, William, 39 
Ribble, River, 55, 106 
Richmond Lock, River Thames, 

in, 113 
Ripon and Boroughbridge, or River 

Ure Navigation, 29, 73, 83 
Rivers and Canals, general Acts 

relating to, 2, 71, 74, 78, 83, 97, 

99, 109, 115 
Rochdale Canal, 26, 45, 54, 84, 

109, 109 



Hosted by G00gle 



!32 



INDEX 



Roden, River, 20 

Romford Canal, 99 

Royal Military, or Shorncliffe and 

Rye Canal, 41 
Royal visits to works of inland 

navigation, 39, 109, 113, 114 
Runcorn and Weston Canal, 82 
Rushall Canal, Birmingham Canal 

Navigations, 71 



Salisbury and Southampton Canal, 

48 
Salter's Lode Sluice, 7 
Sandys, William, 7 
Sankey, or St. Helen's, Canal, 24, 

27, 49, 66, 73, 90 
Sapperton Tunnel, Thames and 

Severn Canal, 39, 39 
Selby Branch, Aire and Calder 

Navigation, 35 
Severn River, 4, 24, 53, 57, 72, 73, 

74, 86, 94, 102, in, 115 
Sharpness New Docks, 97 
Sharpness New Docks and Glouces- 
ter and Birmingham Navigation 

Co., 97, 97, 98, 115 
Sheffield and South Yorkshire 

Navigation, no, 114 
Sheffield Canal, 59, 78, 108, no, 

114 
Shepperton Lock, River Thames, 56 
Shorncliffe and Rye, or Royal 

Military Canal, 41 
Shrewsbury Canal, 43, 49, 76 
Shropshire Canal, 39, 42, 85 
Shropshire Union Railways and 

Canal Co., 76, 77, 85 
Simpson, Mr. L., 113 
Sixteen Foot River, 8 
Sleaford Navigation, 45, 102 
Slough Branch, Grand Junction 

Canal, 103, 106 
Society of Arts conference on 

Canals, 109 
Somerset, Duke of, 88 
Somerset and Dorset Railway, 95 



Somersetshire Coal Canal, 45, 52, 

95 
South Eastern Railway, 75 
South Level, 12, 65, 113 
South Yorkshire Railway, 77, 98 
Staffordshire and Worcestershire 

Canal, 16, 28, 32, 32, 72, 115 
Stainforth and Keadby Canal, 43, 

77, 98, no, 114 
Standedge Tunnel, Huddersfield 

Narrow Canal, 113 
Steam power on canals, 39, 49, 69, 

87, 98, 114 
St. Germain's Sluice, 88 
St. Helen's, or Sankey Canal, 24, 

27, 49, 66, 73, 90 
St. Helen's Canal and Railway Co., 

73, 9o 
Stort, River, 25, 28, 30, 63, 85, 97, 

109 
Stour, River (Canterbury), 4 
Stour, River (Essex), 14, 112 
Stourbridge Canal, 34 
Stourbridge Extension Canal, 69, 

75,89 

Stover Canal, 88, 96 

Stowmarket and Ipswich Naviga- 
tion, 40, 75, 88, 109 

Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, 44, 47, 
75,8 9 

Stroudwater Navigation, 19, 25, 33, 
35> 36, 115 

Sun bury Lock, River Thames, 56 

Surrey Commercial Dock Co., 90 

Swansea Canal, 45, 50, 96 



Tamar, River, 48 

Tame Valley Canal, Birmingham 

Canal Navigations, 70 
Tavistock Canal, 53, 97 
Teddington Lock, River Thames, 

5 6 
Tees, River, 56 

Telford, Thomas, 24, 68 

Tewkesbury Lock, River Severn, 

86 



Hosted by G00gle 



INDEX 



i33 



Thames, River, 2, 6, 12, 37, 56, 57, 

58, 65, 84, 85, 92, 106, in, 112, 

113, 114, 116, 116 
Thames and Severn Canal, 36, 39, 

39. 39, 84, 90, 99, 106, 113, 115 
Thames and Medway Canal, 51, 73 
Titford Canal, Birmingham Canal 

Navigations, 68 
Tolls and Rates, new schedule of, 

"5 

Tolls, varying, 13 

Tone, River, 13 

Towing path, River Severn, 53, 57, 

102 
Trent, River, 13, 31, 32, 37, 37, 

46, 107, 107, 108, 112 
Trent and Mersey Canal, 16, 28, 28, 

34, 35, 38, 49,-63, 63, 64, 65, 65, 

75, 90, 96, 99 
Troops, conveyance of, by canal, 

Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co., 

Messrs., 97, 109 
Two Lock Line, Birmingham Canal 

Navigations, 83 



Ulverston Canal, 43, 88 
Ure, River, or Ripon and Borough- 
bridge Navigation, 29, 73, 83 



Vale, River (or Fal), 1 1 
Vermuyden, Cornelius, 6, 6, 7, 8 
Vermuyden's Eau, 8 



Walker, Mr. T. A., 108, no 
Walsall Branch, Birmingham Canal 

Navigations, 45, 51 
Warwick and Birmingham Canal, 

44, 47, 51 



Warwick and Braunston Canal, 45 

Warwick and Napton Canal, 48, 51 

Watermen's Co., River Thames, 65 

Waveney, River, 10, 17, 92 

Wear, River, 16 

Weaver, River, 16, 25, 35, 55, 72, 
92, 96, 99, 116 

Wedgwood, Josiah, 28 

Welland, River, 5 

Wendover Branch, Grand Junction 
Canal, 45, 51 

West London Railway, 69, 86 

West London Extension Railway, 
86 

Westhill Tunnel, Worcester and 
Birmingham Canal, 49 

Weston Canal, River Weaver Navi- 
gation, 55 

Weston, Sir Richard, 9 

Wey, River, 9, 9, n, 26 

Wey and Arun Junction Canal, 58, 

94 

Wharfe, River, 3, in 

Wilts and Berks Canal, 47, 62, 100, 
109, 115 

Wisbech Canal, 45 

Wissey, River, 18 

Witham, River, II, 27, 75 

Wolverton Aqueduct, Grand Junc- 
tion Canal, 54 

Woodhouse, John, 56 

Worcester and Birmingham Canal, 
41, 49, 56, 59, 81, 89, 97 

Worsley Brook, 20 

Wye, River, 10 

Wyrley and Essington Canal, 42, 
71 

Yare, River, 17, 92 

York and North Midland Railway, 

77,83 
York, Corporation of, 82, 86, 107 



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LONDON : 

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AMD SONS, LIMITED, STAFFORD STREET 
AND CHARING CROSS. 



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1899. 
BOOKS RELATING 

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Algebra. — Algebra Self-Taught. By W. P. Higgs, 

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Differential Calculus, ' etc. Third edition, crown 8vo, cloth, 2s. 6d. 
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mula. Tables and Memoranda, for Architectural Surveyors and others 
engaged in Building. By J. T. Hurst, C.E. Fifteenth edition, revised 
and enlarged, royal 32mo, roan, $s. 

g '* It is no disparagement to the many excellent publications we *efer to, to say that in our 
opinion this little pocket-book of Hurst's is the very best of them all without any exception. 
It would be useless to attempt a recapitulation of the contents, for it appears to contain almost 
everything that anyone connected with building could require, and, best of all, made up in a 
compact form for carrying in the pocket, measuring only 5 in. by 3 in., and about f in. thick, 
in a limp cover. We congratulate the author on the success of his laborious and practically 
compiled little book, which has received unqualified and deserved praise from every profes- 
sional person to whom we have shown it."— The Dublin Builder. 

Architecture. — The Seven Periods of English 

Architecture, defined and illustrated. By Edmund Sharpe, M.A., 
Architect. 20 steel engravings and 7 woodcuts, third edition, royd. 8vo, 
cloth, I2j. 6d. 



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Baths. — The Turkish Bath: its Design and Con- 
struction for Public and Commercial Purposes. By R. O. Allsop, 
Architect. With plans and sections, 8vo, cloth, 6s. I 

Baths and Wash Houses. — Public Baths and 

Wash Houses. By Robert Owen Allsop, Architect, Author of 'lhe 
Turkish Bath,' &c. With cuts and folding plates, demy 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Belting. — Belt Driving. By George Halliday, 

Whitworth Scholar. With flates, 8vo, cloth, 3^. 6d. 
contents : 

Description of different Kinds of Belts — Pressure transmitted by Belts — Length of Belt 
and Coned Pulleys — Stretching of B*-lt> — V Pul'eys— Arms of Pulleys — Method' of Use of 
the Belt discussed — Rope Gearing — Tables— KuKs for finding the Pitch of Spur-Wheels. 

Blasting. — Rock Blasting : a Practical Treatise on 

the means employed in Blasting Rocks for Industrial Purposes. By 
G. G. Andr& F.G.S., Assoc. Inst. C.E. With 56 illustrations and 12 
plates, 8vo, cloth, 5*. 

Boilers. — A Pocket-Book for Boiler Makers and 

Steam Users, comprising a variety of useful information for Employer 
and Workman, Government Inspectors, Board of Trade Surveyors, 
Engineers in charge of Works and Slips, Foremen of Manufactories, 
and the general Steam-using Public By Maurice John Sexton. 
Fourth edition, with Appendix, enlarged, royal 32mo, roan, gilt edges, 5j. 

Boilers.— The Boiler-Makers & Iron Ship-Builders 

Companion, comprising a series' of original and carefully calculated 
tables, of the utmost utility to persons interested in the iron trades. By 
James Foden, author of ' Mechanical Tables,' etc. Fourth edition, 
revised, with illustrations, crown 8vo, cloth, $s. 

Brass Founding. — The Practical Brass and Iron- 
Founder 's Guide, a Treatise on the Art of Brass Founding, Moulding, the 
Metals and their Alloys, etc. ' By James Larkin. New edition, revised 
and greatly enlarged, crown 8vo, cloth, ior. 6d. net. 

Breweries. — Breweries and Mailings: their Ar- 
rangement, Construction, Machinery, and Plant. By G. Scamell, 
F.R.I.B.A. Second edition, revised, enlarged, and partly rewritten. By 
F. Colyer, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E. With 20 plates, 8vo, cloth, I2j. 6d. 

Bridges. — Elementary Theory and Calculation of 

Iron Bridges and Roofs. By August Ritter, Ph.D., Professor at the 
Polytechnic School at Aix-la-Chapelle. Translated from the third 
German edition, by H. R. Sankey, Capt. R.E. With 500 illustrations, 
8vo, cloth, 1 5 j. 



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Bridges,. — Plate Girder Railway Bridges. By 

Maurice Fetzmaurice, B.A., B.E., Mem. Inst. C.E. Plates, 8vo, 
cloth. 6s. contents : 

Formulae and Tables of Loads and Weights for Plate Girder Bridges, with Remarks on 
the allowable Working Stres-es to be adopted in Steel and Iron — The Market sizes of 
Plates and Bars, and the different kind* of Bridge floors, with examples worked out in 
detail. 

Bridges. — Stresses in Girder and Roof Trusses 

for both Dead and Live Loads by Simple Multiplication, with Stress 
Constants for 100 rases, for the use of Civil and Mechanical Engineers, 
Architects and Draughtsmen. By F. R. Johnson, Assoc.M. Inst. C.E. 
Part I, Girders. Part 2, Roofs. In 1 vol., crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Builders' Price Book. — Spons' Architects' and 

Builders' Price Book, with useful Memoranda. By W. Young. Crown 
8vo, cloth, red edges, 3J. 6d. Published annually. 

Building. — The Clerk of Works: a Vade-Mecum 

for all engaged in the Superintendence of Building Operations. By G. G. 
Hoskins, F.R.I.B.A. Sixth edition, fcap. 8vo, cloth, is. 6d. 

Building. — The Builders Clerk: a Guide to the 

Management of a Builder's Business. By Thomas Bales. Second 
edition, fcap. 8vo, cloth, is. 6d. 

Calculus. — An Elementary Treatise on the Calculus 

for Engineering Students, with numerous Examples and Problems worked 
out. By John Graham, B.A., B.E., Demonstrator and Instructor in 
Mathematics in the City and Guilds of London Technical College, 
Finsbury. Crown 8vo, cloth, ys. 6d. 

Canals. — Waterways and Water Transport in 

Different Countries. With a description of the Panama, Suez, Man- 
chester, Nicaraguan, and other Canals. By J. Stephen Jeans, Author 
of ' England's Supremacy,' * Railway Problems,' &c. Numerous illus- 
trations ', 8vo, cloth, 14J. 

Carpentry. — The Elementary Principles of Car- 
pentry. By Thomas Tredgold. Revised from the original edition, 
and partly re- written, by John Thomas Hurst. Contained in 517 
pages of letterpress, and illustrated with 48 plates and 150 wood engrav- 
ings. Ninth edition, crown 8vo, cloth, lis. 6d. 

Section I. On the Equality and Distribution of Forces — Section II. Resistance of 
Timber — Section III. Construction of Floors— Section IV. Construction of Roofs— sec- 
tion V. Construction of Domes and Cupolas — Section VI. Construction of Partitions — 
Section VII. Scaffolds, Staging, and Gantries—Section VIII. Construction of Centres for 
Bridges— Section IX. Coffer-dams, Shoring, and Strutting — Section X. Wooden Bridges 
and Viaducts— Section XI. Joints, Straps, and other Fastenings— Section XII. Timber. 
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Cast Iron. — The Metallurgy of Cast. Iron: 

Complete Exposition of the Processes Involved in its Treatment, 
Chemically and Physically, from the Blast Furnace to the Testing 
Machine. Illustrated. By Thomas D. West, M. Am. Soc. M.E 
Crown 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. 

Chemistry. — Practical Work in Organic Chemistry, 

By F. W. Streatfeild, F.I.C., etc., Demonstrator of Chemistry at the 
City and Guilds Technical College, Finsbury. With a Prefatory Notice 
by Professor R. Meldola, F.R.S., F.LC. Crown 8vo, cloth, &. 

Chemists' Pocket Book. — A Pocket-Book for 

Chemists, Chemical Manufacturers, Metallurgists, Dyers, Distillers, 
Brewers, Sugar Refiners, Photographers, Students, etc., etc. By Thomas 
Bayley, Assoc. R.C. Sc. Ireland. Royal 32mo, roan, gilt edges. Sixth 
edition in the press. 

SYNOPSIS OF CONTENTS : 
Atomic Weights and Factors— Useful Data— Chemical Calculations— Rules for Indirec 
Analysis— Weights and Measures — Thermometers and Barometers — Chemical Physics- 
Boiling Points, etc.— Solubility of Substances— Methods of Obtaining Specific Gravity— Con- 
version of Hydrometers— -Strength of Solutions by Specific Gravity— Analysis— Gas Analysis- 
Water Analysis— Qualitative Analysis and Reactions— Volumetric Analysis— Manipulation— 
Mineralogy — Assaying — Alcohol — Beer — Sugar — M iscellaneous Technological mattei 
relating to Potash, Soda, Sulphuric Acid, Chlorine, Tar Products, Petroleum, Milk, Tallow, 
Photography, Prices, Wages, Appendix, etc., etc. 

Coffee Cultivation. — Coffee: its Culture and 

Commerce in all Countries. Edited by C. G. Warnford Lock, FX.S. 
Crown 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. 

Concrete. — Notes on Concrete and Works in Con- 
crete; especially written to assist those engaged upon Public Works. By 
John Newman, Assoc. Mem. Inst. C.E. Second edition, revised and 
enlarged, crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Coppersmithing. — Art of Coppersmithing: a 

Practical Treatise on Working Sheet Copper into all Forms. By JOHN 
Fuller, Sen. Numerous engravings, illustrating almost every branch oi 
the Art. Royal 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. 

Corrosion. — Metallic Structures : Corrosion and 

Fouling, and their Prevention; a Practical Aid-Book to the safety oi 
works in Iron and Steel, and of Ships ; and to the selection of Paints foi 
them. By John Newman, Assoc. M. Inst. C.E. • Crown 8vo, cloth, 9* 

Depreciation of Factories. — The Depreciation 

of Factories and their Valuation. By Ewing Matheson, Mem. Inst, 
0,E. Second edition, revised, with an Introduction by W. C. Jackson, 
8vo, cloth, 7s. 6d. 



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Drainage. — The Drainage of Fens and Low Lands 

by Gravitation and Steam Power. By W. H. Wheeler, M. Inst. C.E. 
With plates, 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. 

Drawing. — Hints on Architectural Draughtsman- 
ship. By G. W. Tuxford Hallatt. Second edition, fcap. 8vo, cloth, 
is. 6d. 

Drawing. — The Draughtsman s Handbook of Plan 

and Map Drawing; including instructions for the preparation of 
Engineering, Architectural, and Mechanical Drawings. With numerous 
illustrations in the text, and opiates {imprinted in colours). By G. G 
Andr£, F.G.S., Assoc. Inst. C.E. 4to, cloth, gs. 

Drawing Instruments- — A Descriptive Treatise 

on Mathematical Drawing Instruments: their construction, uses, quali- 
ties, selection, preservation, and suggestions for improvements, with hints 
upon Drawing and Colouring. By W. F. Stanley, M.R.I. Sixth edition, 
with numerous illustrations % crown 8vo, cloth, 5*. 

Dynamo. — Dynamo- Tenders 9 Hand-Book. By 

F. B. Badt. With 70 illustrations, i8mo, cloth, 4s. 6d. 

Dynamo -Electric Machinery. — Dynamo -E lee- 

tric Machinery: a Text-Book for Students of Electro-Technology. By 
Silvanus P. Thompson, B.A., D.Sc. With 520 illustrations. Fifth 
edition, 8vo, cloth, 24f. 

Earthwork Slips. — Earthwork Slips and Subsi- 
dences upon Public Works: Their Causes, Prevention and Reparation. 
Especially written to assist those engaged in the Construction or 
Maintenance of Railways, Docks, Canals, Waterworks, River Banks, 
Reclamation Embankments, Drainage Works, &c, &c. By John 
Newman, Assoc. Mem. Inst C.E., Author of * Notes on Concrete,' &c. 
Crown 8vo, cloth, *js. 6d. 

Electric Lighting. — Electric Lighting: a Practical 

Exposition of the Art, for the use of Engineers, Students, and others 
interested in the Installation and Operation of Electrical Plant. Vol. I. 
The Generating Plant. By Francis B. Crocker, E.M., Ph.D., Pro- 
fessor of Electrical Engineering in Columbia University, New York. 
With 152 illustrations. 8vo. cloth, 12s. 6d. 

Electric Bells. — Electric Bell Construction : a 

treatise on the construction of Electric Bells, Indicators, and similar 
apparatus. By F. C. Allsop, Author of ' Practical Electric Bell Fitting.' 
With 1*1*1 illustrations drawn to scale % crown Svo, cloth, $s. 6d. 



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Electric Bell Fitting. — A Practical Treatise on 

the fitting up and maintenance of Electric Bells and all the necessary 
apparatus. By F. C. Allsop, Author of ' Telephones, their Construction 
and Fitting.' Seventh edition, revised and enlarged, with 1 80 illustra- 
tions, crown 8vo, cloth, y. 6d. 

Electric Currents. — Polyphase Electric Currents 

and Alternate Current Motors. By SlLVANUS P. THOMPSON, B.A., 
D.Sc., M.Inst. E.E., F.R.S. With 171 illustrations., demy 8vo, cloth. 

Second edition in the press. 

Electric Telegraph. — Telegraphic Connections, 

embracing recent methods in Quadruplex Telegraphy. By Charles 
Thom and Willis H. Jones. With illustrations. Oblong 8vo, cloth, 
7 j. 6d. 

Electric Testing.— ^4 Guide for the Electric Test- 

ing of Telegraph Cables. By CoL V. Hoskioxr, Royal Danish Engineers. 
Third edition, crown 8vo, cloth, 4*. 6d. 

Electric Toys. — Electric Toys. Electric Toy- 
Making, Dynamo Building and Electric Motor Construction for 
Amateurs. By T. O'Conor Sloane, Ph.D. Third edition, with cuts, 
crown 8vo, cloth, 4^. 6d. 

Electrical Notes. — Practical Electrical Notes and 

Definitions for the use oj Engineering Students and Practical Men. By 
"W. Perren Maycock, Assoc. M. Inst. E.E., Instructor in Electrical 
Engineering at the Pitlake Institute, Croydon, together with the Rules 
and Regulations to be observed in Electrical Installation Work. Second 
edition. Royal 32mo, cloth, red edges, 2s. 

Electrical Tables. — Electrical Tables and Memo- 
randa. By Silvanus P. Thompson, D.Sc, B.A., F.R.S., and Eustace 
Thomas. In waistcoat-pocket size (2| in. by 1 j in.), French morocco* 
gilt edges, with numerous illustrations, is. 

Electricity. — The Arithmetic of Electricity; 

Manual of Electrical Calculations by Arithmetical Methods. By 
T. O'Conor Sloane, Ph.D. Fourth edition, crown 8vo, cloth, 4s. 6d. 

Electrical Testing. — A Practical Guide to the 

Testing oj Insulated Wires and Cables. By Herbert Laws Webb, 
Member of trie American Institute of Electrical Engineers, and of the 
Institution of Electrical Engineers, London. Crown 8vo, cloth, 4$. 6d. 



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Electrical Testing. — A Handbook of Electrical 

Testing, By H. R. Kempe, M.I.E.E. 8vo, cloth. Sixth edition in 
preparation. 

Electricity. — Electricity, its Theory, Sources, and 

Applications, By John T. Sprague, M. Inst. E.E. Third edition, 
thoroughly revised and extended, with numerous illustrations and tables, 
- crown 8vo, cloth, 15-r. 

Electricity in the House. — Domestic Electricity 

for Amateurs, Translated from the French of E. Hospttalier, Editor 
of 'L'Electricien,' by C. J. Wharton, M. Inst. E.E. Numerous 
illustrations. Demy 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

contents: 

x. Production of the Electric Current— 2. Electric Bells — 3. Automatic Alarms— 4. Domestic 
Telephones — 5. Electric Clocks — 6. Electric Lighters — 7. Domestic Electric Lighting— 
8. Domestic Application of the Electric Light— 9. Electric Motors - 10. Electrical Locomo- 
tion— 11. Electrotyping, Plating, and Gilding — 12. Electric Recreations — 13. Various appli- 
cations — Workshop of the Electrician. 

Electricity on Railways. — The Application of 

Electricity to Railway Working, By W. E. Langdon, M. Inst. E.E. , 
Superintendent Electrical Department, Midland Railway. With 142 
illustrations. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d, 

Electro-Magnet.- The Electro- Magnet and Electro- 
magnetic Mechanism, By Silvanus P. Thompson, D.Sc, F.R.S. 
With 213 illustrations. Second edition, 8vo, cloth, 15J. 

Electro-Motors. — Notes on Design of Small Dy- 
namo, By Geo. Halliday, Whitworth Scholar, Professor of Engineer- 
ing at the Hartley Institute, Southampton. Plates, 8vo, cloth, 2s. 6d. 

Electro-Motors. — The Practical Management of 

Dynamos and Motors. By Francis B. Crocker, Professor of Electrical 
Engineering, Columbia College, New York, and Schuyler S. Wheeler, 
D.Sc. Fourth edition, cuts, crown 8vo, cloth, \s, 6d, 

Engineering Drawing. — Practical Geometry, 

Perspective and Engineering Drawing; a Course of Descriptive Geometry 
adapted to the Requirements of the Engineering Draughtsman, including 
the determination of cast shadows and Isometric Projection, each chapter 
being followed by numerous examples ; to which are added rules for 
Shading, Shade-lining, etc., together with practical instructions as to the 
Lining, Colouring, Printing, and general treatment of Engineering Draw- 
ings, with a chapter on drawing Instruments. By George S. Clarke, 
Capt R.E. Second edition, with 21 plates, 2 vols., cloth, iqs. 6d. 



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Engineers' Tables. — A Pocket-Book of Useful 

Formula and Memoranda for Civil and Mechanical Engineers, By Sir 

Guilford L. Molesworth, Mem. Inst CiE., and R. B. Molesworth. 

With numerous illustrations. Twenty-fourth edition, revised and greatly 

enlarged. 32mo, roan, 6s. 

SYNOPSIS OF CONTENTS: 
Surveying, Levelling, etc.— Strength and Weight of Materials— Earthwork, Brickwork, 
Masonry, Arches, etc.— Struts, Columns, Beams, and Trusses— Flooring, Roofing, and Roof 
Trusses— Girders, Bridges, etc.— Railways and Roads— Hydraulic Formulas— Canals, Sewersr 
Waterworks, Docks— Irrigation and Breakwaters— Gas, Ventilation, and Warming— Heat, 
Light, Colour, and Sound— Gravity : Centres, Forces, and Powers— Millwork, Teeth of 
Wheels, Shafting, etc.— Workshop Recipes— Sundry Machinery— Animal Power— Steam and 
the Steam Engine— Water-power, Water-wheels, Turbines, etc.— Wind and Windmills— 
Steam Navigation, Ship Building, Tonnage, etc.— Gunnery, Projectiles, etc.— Weights, 
Measures, and Money— Trigonometry, Conic Sections, and Curves— Telegraphy— Mensura- 
tion—Tables of Areas and Circumference, and Arcs of Circles— Logarithms, Square and 
Cube Roots, Powers— Reciprocals, etc.— Useful Numbers— Differential and Integral Calcu- 
lus—Algebraic Signs— Telegraphic Construction and Formulae, etc. etc.* 

Engineers' Tables.- — Spons Tables and Memo- 

randafor Engineers. By J. T. Hurst, C.E. Twelfth edition, revised and 
considerably enlarged, in waistcoat-pocket size (2} in. by 2 in.), roan, 
gilt edges, is. 

Experimental Science. — Experimental Science: 

Elementary, Practical, and Experimental Physics. By Geo. M. Hopkins. 
Illustrated by 890 engravings. Seventeenth edition, 840 pp., 8vo, 
cloth, ids. 

Factories. — Our Factories, Workshops, and Ware- 
houses: their Sanitary and Fire- Resisting Arrangements. By B. H. 
Thwaite, Assoc Mem. Inst C.E. With 183 wood engravings, crown 
8vo, cloth, gs. 

Fermentation. — Practical Studies in Fermentation, 

being contributions to the Life History of Micro-Organisms. By Emil 
Ch. Hansen, Ph.D. Translated by Alex. K. Miller, Ph.D., 
Manchester, and revised by the Author. With numerous illustrations, 
8vo, cloth, I2J. 6d. 

Foundations. — Notes on Cylinder Bridge Piers 

and the Well System of Foundations. By John Newman, Assoc. M. 
Inst. C.E., 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Founding. — A Practical Treatise on Casting and 

Founding, including descriptions of the modern machinery employed in 
the art. By N. E. Spretson, Engineer. Demy 8vo, cloth. Seventh 
edition in the press. 

French Polishing. — The French - Polisher's 

Manual. By a French- Polisher; containing Timber Staining, Washing, 
Matching, Improving, Painting, Imitations, Directions for Staining, 
Sizing, Embodying, Smoothing, Spirit Varnishing, French-Polishing, 
Directions for Repolishing. Third edition, royal 321110, sewed, 6d. 



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Furnaces. — Practical Hints on the Working and 

Construction of Regenerator Furnaces, being an Explanatory Treatise on 
the System of Gaseous Firing applicable to Retort Settings in Gas Works. 
By Maurice Graham, Assoc. Mem. Inst. C.E. Cuts, 8vo, cloth, 3*. 

Gas Analysis. — The Gas Engineers' Laboratory 

Handbook. By John Hornby, F.I.C., Honours Medallist in Gas 
Manipulation, City and Guilds of London Institute. Numerous illus* 
trations, crown 8vo, cloth, 6s, 

contents : 
The Balance— Weights and Weighing— Sampling— Mechanical Division— Drying and 
Desiccation — Sulution and Evaporation — Precipitation — Filtration and Treatment of 
Precipitates— Simple Gravimetric Estimations — Volumetric Analyses— Special Analyses 
required by Gas Works— Technical Gas Analysis— Gas Referees' Instructions, etc. etc 

Gas and Oil Engines. — Gas, Gasoline and Oil 

Vapour Engines : a New Book Descriptive of their Theory and Power, 
illustrating their Design, Construction and Operation for Stationary, 
Marine and Vehicle Motive Power. Designed for the general informa- 
tion of every one interested in this new and popular Prime Mover. By 
G. D. Hiscox, M.E. Numerous engravings, Svo, cloth, \2s. 6d. 

Gas Engines. — A Practical Handbook on the 

Care and Management of Gas Engines. By G. Lieckfeld, C.E. 
Authorised Translation by G. Richmond, M.E. With instructions for 
running Oil Engines. i6mo, cloth, $s. 6d. 

Gas Engineering. — Manual for Gas Engineering 

Students. By D. Lee. i8mo, cloth, is. 

Gas Works. — Gas Works: their Arrangement, 

Construction, Plant, and Machinery. By F. Colyer, M. Inst. C.E. 
With 31 folding ptates, 8vo, cloth, \2s. 6d. 

Gold Mining. — Practical Gold-Mining : a Com- 
prehensive Treatise on the Origin and Occurrence of Gold-bearing Gravels, 
Rocks and Ores, and the Methods by which the Gold is extracted. By 
C. G. Warnford Lock, co- Author of ' Gold : its Occurrence and Extrac- 
tion.' With 8 plates and 275 engravings in the text, 788 pp., royal 8vo, 
cloth, 2/. 2S. 

Graphic Statics; — The Elements of Graphic Statics. 

By Professor Karl Von Ott, translated from the German by G. S. 
Clarke, Capt R.E., Instructor in Mechanical Drawing, Royal Indian 
Engineering College. With 93 illustrations, crown 8vo, cloth, 5*. 

Graphic Statics. — The Principles of Graphic 

Statics. By George Sydenham Clarke, Capt. Royal Engineers. 
With 1 12 illustrations. Third edition, 4to, cloth, 12*. 6d* 



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Graphic Statics. — A New Method of Graphic 

Statics, applied in the construction of Wrought- Iron Girders, practically 
illustrated by a series of Working Drawings of modern type. By 
Edmund Olander, of the Great Western Railway, Assoc. Mem. Inst. 
C.E. Small folio, cloth, lew. 6d. 

Heat Engine. — Theory and Construction of a 

Rational Heat Motor. Translated from the German of Rudolf Diesel by 
Bryan Oonkin, Mem. Inst. C.E. Numerous cuts and plates, 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Hot Water. — Hot Water Supply: a Practical 

Treatise upon the Fitting of Circulating Apparatus in connection with 
Kitchen Range and other Boilers, to supply Hot Water for Domestic and 
General Purposes. With a Chapter upon Estimating. By F. Dye. 
Third edition, with illustrations, crown 8vo, cloth, $s. 

Hot Water. — Hot Water Apparatus: an Ele- 
mentary Guide for the Fitting and Fixing of Boilers and Apparatus for 
the Circulation of Hot Water for Heating and for Domestic Supply, and 
containing a Chapter upon Boilers and Fittings for Steam Cooking. By y 
F. Dye. Second edition, revised, 32 illustrations, fcap. 8vo, cloth, is. 6d. 

Household Manual. — Spons Household Manual : 

a Treasury of Domestic Receipts and Guide for Home Management. 
Demy 8vo, cloth, containing 975 pages and 250 illustrations, price Js. 6d. 
principal contents : 

Hints for selecting a good House — Sanitation — Water Supply — Ventilation and Warming 
— Lighting — Furniture and Decoration — Thieves and Fire— The Larder — Curing Foods for 
lengthened Preservation— The Dairy — The Cellar — The Pantry — The Kitchen— Receipts for 
Dishes — The Housewife's Room — Housekeeping, Marketing — The ' Dining-Room — The 
Drawing-Room — The Bedroom — The Nursery — The Sick-Room — The Bath- Room— The 
Laundry -The School-Room — The Playground — The Work- Room — The Library — The 
Garden — The Farmyard — Small Motors — Household Law. 

House Hunting. — Practical Hints on Taking a 

House. By H. Percy Boulnois, Mem. Inst. C.E., City Engineer, 
Liverpool, Author of * The Municipal and Sanitary Engineer's Hand- 
book,' * Dirty Dustbins and Sloppy Streets,' &c. i8mo, cloth, is. 6d. 

Hydraulics. — Simple Hydraulic Formula. By 

T. W. Stone, C.E., late Resident District Engineer, Victoria Water ' 
Supply. Crown 8vo, cloth, 4s. 

Hydraulic Machinery.— Hydraulic Steam and 

Hand- Power Lifting and Pressing Machinery. By FREDERICK COLYER, 
M. Inst. C.E., M. Inst. M.E. Second edition, revised and enlarged. With 
88 plates, 8vo, cloth, 2%s. 

Hydraulic Machinery. — Hydraulic Machinery. 

With an Introduction to Hydraulics. By Robert Gordon Blaine, 
Assoc. M. Inst. C.E., &c. With 272 illustrations, 383 pp. 8vo, cloth, 14^. 



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Hydraulic Motors. — Water or Hydraulic Motors. 

By Philip R. Bjorling. With 206 illustrations, crown 8vo, cloth, gs. 
contents : 

1. Introduction— 2. Hydraulics relating to W a ter Motors— 3. Water-wheels— 4. Breast 
Water-wheels— 5. Overshot and High-breast Water-wheels— 6. Pelton Water-wheels— 7. 
General Remarks on Water-wheels— 8. Turbines-9. Outward-flow Turbines— 10. Inward- 
flow Turbines — ti. Mixed-flow Turbines— 12. Parallel-flow Turbines— 13. Circumferential- 
flow Turbines— 14. Regulation of Turbines— 15. Details of Turbines— 16. Water-pressure or 
Hydraulic Engines— 17. Reciprocating Water-pressure Engines- 18. Rotative Water- 
pressure Engines— 19. Oscillating Water-pressure Engines — 20. Rotary Water- pressure 
Engines— 21. General Remarks and Rules for Water-pressure Engine^— 22. Hydraulic Rams 
—23. Hydraulic Rams without Air Vessel in Direct Communication with the Urive Pipe — 
24. Hydraulic Rams with Air Vessel in Direct Communication with the Drive Pipe — 25. 
Hydraulic Pumping Rams— 26. Hydraulic Ram Engines — 27. Details of Hydraulic Rams — 
28. Rules, Formulas, and Tables for Hydraulic Rams — 29. Measuring Water in a Stream 
and over a Weir — Index. 

Hydropathic Establishments. — The Hydro- 
pathic Establishment and its Baths, By R. O. Allsop, Architect. 
Author of * The Turkish Bath.' Illustrated with plates and sections, 8vo, 
cloth, 5-r. contents : 

General Considerations — Requirements of the Hydropathic Establishment— Some existing 
Institutions — Baths and Treatments and the arrangement of the Bath- House — Vapour Baths 
and the Russian Bath — The Douche Room and its appliances— Massage and Electrical 
Treatment — Pulverisation and the Mont Dore Cure — Inhalation and the Pine Cure — The 
Sun Bath. 

Ice Making. — Theoretical and Practical Ammonia 

Refrigeration, a work of Reference for Engineers and others employed in 
the management of Ice and Refrigeration Machinery. By Iltyd L. 
Redwood, Assoc. Mem. Am. Soc. of M.E., Mem. Soc. Chemical Indus- 
try. Third edition, revised and corrected, with 25 pages of tables, square 
l6mo, cloth, 4s. 6d. 

Indicator. — Twenty Years with the Indicator. By 

Thomas Pray, Jun., C.E., M.E., Member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers. With illustrations, royal 8vo, cloth, ioj. 6d. 

Indicator. — A Treatise on the Richards Steam- 

Engine Indicator and the Development and Application of Force in the 
Steam-Engine. By Charles T. Porter. With illustrations. Fifth 
edition, revised and enlarged, 8vo, cloth, 9*. 

Induction Coils. — Induction Coils and Coil 

Making : a Treatise on the Construction and Working of Shock, Medical 
and Spark Coils. By F. C. Allsop. Second edition, with 125 illustra- 
tions, crown 8vo, cloth, 3*. 6d. 

Iron. — The Mechanical and other Properties of Iron 

and Steel in connection with their Chemical Composition. By A. Vosmaer, 
Engineer. Crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

contents : 

The metallurgical behaviour of Carbon with Iron and Steel, also Manganese — Silicon- 
Phosphorus — Sulphur — Copper — Chromium — Titanium— Tungsten — Aluminium— Nickel- 
Cobalt— Arsenic — Analyses of Iron and Steel, &c 



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Iron Manufacture. — Roll-Turning for Sections in 

Steel and Iron, working drawings for Rails, Sleepers, Girders, Bulbs, 
Ties, Angles, &c, also Blooming and Cogging for Plates and Billets. 
By Adam Spencer. Second edition, with 78 large plates. Illustrations 
of nearly every class of work in this Industry. 4to, cloth, 1/. ioj. 

Locomotive. — The Construction of the Modem 

Locomotive. By George Hughes, Assistant in the Chief Mechanical 
Engineer's Department, Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. Numerous 
engravings^ 8vo, cloth, gs. 

CONTENTS : 
The Boiler- The Foundry— the Use of Steel Castings— Brass Foundry— The Forge- 
Smithy, including Springs— Coppersmiths' Work— The Machine Shop— Erecting. 

Lime and Cement. — A Manual of Lime and 

Cement, their treatment and use in construction. By A. H. Heath. 
Crown 8vo, cloth, 6s, 

Liquid Fuel. — Liquid Fuel for Mechanical and 

Industrial Purposes. Compiled by E. A. Brayley Hodgetts. With 
wood engravings. 8vo, cloth, $s. 

Machinery Repairs. — The Repair and Mainten* 

ance of Machinery ; a Handbook of Practical Notes and Memoranda for 
Engineers and Machinery Users. By T. W. Barber, C.E., M.E., 
Author of 'The Engineers' Sketch Book.' With about 400 illustrations ', 
8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. 

Mechanical Engineering. — Handbook for Me- 

chanical Engineers. By Henry Adams, Professor of Engineering at 
the City of London College, Mem. Inst C.E., Mem. Inst M.E., &c. 
Fourth edition, revised and enlarged. Crown 8vo, cloth, *js. 6d. 

contents : 

Fundamental Principles or Mechanics — Varieties and Properties of Materials — Strength 
of Materials and Structures— Pattern Making — Moulding and Founding— Forging, Welding 
and Riveting— Workshop Tools and General Machinery— Transmission of Power, Friction 
and Lubrication— Thermodynamics and Steam — Steam Boilers— The Steam Engine — Hy- 
draulic Machinery — Electrical Engineering— Sundry Notes and Tables. 

Mechanical Engineering. — The Mechanician : 

a Treatise on the Construction and Manipulation of Tools, for the use and 
instruction of Young Engineers and Scientific Amateurs, comprising the 
Arts of Blacksmithing and Forging ; the Construction and Manufacture 
of Hand Tools, and the various Methods of Using and Grinding them ; 
description of Hand and Machine Processes ; Turning and Screw Cutting. 
By Cameron Knight, Engineer. Containing 1147 illustrations^ and 
397 pages of letter-press. Fourth edition, 4to, cloth, I&f. 



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Mechanical Movements. — The Engineers* Sketch- 
Book of Mechanical Movements ', Devices , Appliances •, Contrivances , Details 
employed in the Design and Construction of Machinery for every purpose. 
Collected from numerous Sources and from Actual Work. Classified and 
Arranged for Reference. With 2600 Illustrations. By T. W. Barber, 
Engineer. Third edition, 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. 

Metal Plate Work.— Metal Plate Work: its 

Patterns and their Geometry. Also Notes on Metals and Rules in Men- 
suration for the use of Tin, Iron, and Zinc Plate-workefs, Coppersmiths, 
Boiler-makers and Plumbers. By C. T. Millis, M.T.M.E. With 
numerous illustrations ; crown 8vo, cloth. Third edition in the press* 

Metrical Tables. — Metrical Tables. By SirG. L. 

Molesworth, M.I.C.E. Third edition, revised and enlarged, 32mo, 
cloth, is. 

Mill-Gearing. — A Practical Treatise On Mill-Gear- 
ing, Wheels, Shafts, Riggers, etc. ; for the use of Engineers. By THOMAS 
Box. Fifth edition, with 1 1 plates, crown 8vo, cloth, *js. 6d. 

Mill - Gearing. — The Practical Millwright and 

Engineer's Ready Reckoner; or Tables for finding the diameter and power 
of cog-wheels, diameter, weight, and power of shafts, diameter and 
strength of bolts, etc. By Thomas Dixon. Sixth edition, i2mo, 
cloth, 3*. 

Mineral Oils. — A Practical Treatise on Mineral 

Oils and their By- Products, including a Short History of the Scotch Shale 
Oil Industry, the Geological and Geographical Distribution of Scotch 
Shales, Recovery of Acid and Soda used in Oil Refining, and a list of 
Patents relating to Mineral Oils. By IlTyd I. Redwood, Mem. Soc 
Chemical Industry. 8vo, cloth, \$s. 

Miners' Pocket-Book. — Miners' Pocket-Book ; a 

Reference Book for Miners, Mine Surveyors, Geologists, Mineralogists, 
Millmen, Assayers, Metallurgists, and Metal Merchants all over the 
world. By C. G. Warnford Lock, author of ' Practical Gold Mining,' 
' Mining and Ore-Dressing Machinery, ' &c. Third edition, fcap. 8vo, 
roan, gilt edges, \2s> 6d. 

CONTENTS : 
Motive Power — Dams and Reservoirs — Transmitting Power — Weights and Measures- 
Prospecting — Boring — Drilling — Blasting — Explosives — Shaft Sinking — Pumping — Venti- 
lating— Lighting— Coal Cutting— Hauling and Hoisting— Water Softening— Stamp Batteries 
— Crushing Rolls— Jordan's Centrifugal Process — River Mining — Ore Dressing— Gold, Silver, 
Copper Smelting— Treatment of Ores — Coal Cleaning — Mine Surveying — British Rocks — 
Geological Maps— Mineral Veins — Mining Methods— Coal Seams— Minerals— Precious 
Stones — Metals and Metallic Ores — Metalliferous Minerals— Assaying— Glossary— List of 
Useful Books— Index, &c, &c, &c. 



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14 CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC BOOKS 

Mining and Ore-Dressing Machinery. — By 

C. G. Warnford Lock, Author of * Practical Gold Mining.' Numerous 
illustrations, super-royal 4to, cloth, 25J. 

Mining* — Economic Mining; a Practical Hand- 
book for the Miner, the Metallurgist, and the Merchant. By C. G. 
Warn ford Lock, Mem. Inst, of Mining and Metallurgy, Author of 
'Practical Gold Mining.' With illustrations, 8vo, cloth, 21s. 

Municipal Engineering. — The Municipal and 

Sanitary Engineer's Handbook. By H. Percy Boulnois, Mem. Inst. 
C.E., Borough Engineer, Portsmouth. With numerous illustrations. 
Third edition, re- written, demy 8vo, cloth, \$s. 

contents : 

The Appointment and Duties of the Town Surveyor — Traffic — Macadamised Roadways- 
Steam Rolling— Road Metal and Breaking — Pitched Pavements — Asphalte— Wood Pavements 
— Footpaths — Kerbs and Gutters — Street Naming and Numbering -Street Lighting— Sewer* 
age — Ventilation of Sewers — Disposal of Sewage— House Drainage — Disinfection— Gas and 
Water Companies, etc., Breaking up Streets — Improvement of Private Streets— Borrowing 
Powers — Artizans' and Labourers' Dwellings — Public Conveniences— Scavenging, including 
Street Cleansing— Watering and the Removing of Snow— Planting Street Trees— Deposit of 
Plans — Dangerous Buildings— Hoardings — Obstructions — Improving Street Lines — Cellar 
Openings — Public Pleasure Grounds— Cemeteries — Mortuaries — Cattle and Ordinary Markets 
—Public Slaughter-houses, etc.— Giving numerous Forms of Notices, Specifications, and 
General Information upon these and other subjects of great importance to Municipal Engi- 
neers and others engaged in Sanitary Work. 

Paints. — Pigments, Paint and Painting. A 

Practical Book for Practical Men. By George Terry. With illus- 
trations, crown 8vo, cloth, ^s. 6d, 

Paper Manufacture. — A Text-Book of Paper- 
Making. By C. F. Cross and E. J. Bevan. With engravings, crown 
8vo, cloth. Second edition in preparation. 

Perfumery. — Perfumes, and their Preparation, 

containing complete directions for making Handkerchief Perfumes, 
Smelling Salts, Sachets, Fumigating Pastils, Preparations for the care of 
the Skin, the Mouth, the Hair, and other Toilet articles, with a detailed 
description of aromatic substances, their nature, tests of purity, and 
wholesale manufacture. By G, W. Askinson, Dr. Chem. With 32 
engravings, 8vo, cloth, \2s. 6d. 

Perspective. — Perspective, Explained and Illus- 
trated. By G. S. Clarke, Capt. R.E. With illustrations •, 8vo, cloth, 
3*. 6d. 

Phonograph. — The Phonograph, and How to Con- 
struct u. With a Chapter on Sound. By W. Gillett. With engravings 
and full working drawings, crown 8vo, cloth, $s. 



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Popular Engineering. — Popular Engineering, 

being interesting and instructive examples in Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, 
Chemical, Mining, Military and Naval Engineering, graphically and 
plainly described, and specially written for those about to enter the 
Engineering Profession and the Scientific Amateur, with chapters on 
Perpetual Motion and Engineering Schools and Colleges. By F. Dye. 
With 700 illustrations, crown 4to, cloth, js. 6d. 

Plumbing. — Plumbing, Drainage, Water Supply 

and Hot Water Fitting. By John Smeaton, C.E., M.S.A., R,P., 
Examiner to the Worshipful Plumbers' Company. Numerous engravings, 
8vo, cloth, ys. 6d. 

Pumping Engines. — Practical Handbook on 

Direct-acting Pumping Engine and Steam Pump Construction. By 
Philip R. BjSrling. With 20 plates, crown 8vo, cloth, $s. 

Pumps. — A Practical Handbook on Pump Con? 

struction. By Philip R. Bjorling. Plates, crown 8vo, cloth, $s. 
contents : 

Principle of the action of a Pump— Classification of Pumps— Description ot various 
classes of Pumps — Remarks on designing Pumps— Materials Pumps should be made of for 
different kinds of Liquids— Description of various classes of Pump-valves — Materials Pump- 
valves should be made of for different kinds of Liquids — Various Classes of Pump-buckets— 
On designing Pump-buckets— Various Classes of Pump-pistons— Cup-leathers— Air-vessels- 
Rules and Formulas, &c, &c. 

Pumps. — Pump Details. With 278 illustrations. 

By Philip R. Bjorling, author of a Practical Handbook on Pump 
Construction. Crown 8vo, cloth, *js. 6d. 

CONTENTS : 
Windbores — Foot-valves and Strainers — Clack-pieces, Bucket-door-pieces, and H -pieces 
Working-barrels and Flunger-cases — Plungers or Rams — Piston and Plunger, Bucket and 
Plunger, Buckets and Valves— Pump- rods and Spears, Spear-rod Guides, &c— Valve-swords, 
Spindles, and Draw-hooks — Set-offs or Off-sets — Pipes, Kpe-joints, and Pipe-stays — Pump- 
slings— Guide-rods and Guides, Kites, Yokes, and Connecting-rods— 1_ Bobs, T Bobs, 
Angle or V t>obs, and Balance-beams, Rock-arms, and Fend-off Beams, Cisterns, and Tanks 
— Minor Details. 

Pumps. — Pumps and Pumping Machinery. By 

F. Colyer, Mem. Inst. C.E., Mem. Inst. M.E. Part I., second edition, 
revised and enlarged, with 50 plates, 8vo, cloth, il. Ss. Part II., 12s. 6d. 

CONTENTS : 
Three-throw Lift and Well Pumps— Tonkin's Patent " Cornish " Steam Pump— Thorne- 
will and Warham's Steam Pump— Water Valves— Water Meters— Centrifugal Pumping 
Machinery— Airy and Anderson's Spiral Pumps— Blowing Engines— Air Compressors- 
Horizontal High-pressure Engines— Horizontal Compound Engines — Reidler Engine-^Ver- 
tical Compound Pumping Engines — Compound Beam Pumping Engines— Shonheyder's 

Patent Regulator— Cornish Beam Engines — Worthington High-duty Pumping Engine 

Davy's Patent Differential Pumping Engine— Tonkin's Patent Pumping Engine— Lancasnire 
Boiler — Babcock and W ilcox Water-tube Boilers.' 



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16 CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC BOOKS 



Pumps. — Pumps, Historically, Theoretically, and 

Practically Considered, By P. R. BjoRLlNG. With 156 illustrations. 
Crown 8vo, cloth, Js. 6d. 

Quantities. — A Complete Set of Contract Documents 

for a Country Lodge, comprising Drawings, Specifications, Dimensions 
(for quantities), Abstracts, Bill of Quantities, Form of Tender and Con- 
tract, with Notes by J. Leaning, printed in facsimile of the original 
documents, on single sheets fcap., in linen case, $s. 

Quantity Surveying. — Quantity Surveying. By 

J. Leaning. With 68 illustrations. Third edition, revised, demy 8vo, 
cloth, 1 5 j. 

contents : 



A complete Explanation of the London 

Practice. 
General Instructions. 
Order of Taking Off. 

Modes of Measurement of the various Trades. 
Use and Waste. 
Ventilation and Warming, 
Credits, with various Examples of Treatment. 
Abbreviations. 
Squaring the Dimensions. 
Abstracting, with Examples in illustration of 

each Trade. 
Billing. 

Examples of Preambles to each Trade. 
Form for a Bill of Quantities. 

Do. Bill of Credits. 

Do. Bill for Alternative Estimate. 
Restorations and Repairs, and Form of Bill. 
Variations before Acceptance of Tender. 
Errors in a Builder's Estimate. 



Schedule of Prices. 

Form of Schedule of Prices. 

Analysis of Schedule of Prices. 

Adjustment of Accounts. 

Form of a Bill of Variations. 

Remarks on Specifications. 

Prices and Valuation of Work, with 

Examples and Remarks upon each Trade. 
The Law as it affects Quantity Surveyors, 

with Law Reports. 
Taking Off after the Old Method. 
Northern Practice. 
The General Statement of the Methods 

recommended by the Manchester Society 

of Architects for taking Quantities. 
Examples of Collections. 
Examples of " Taking Off" in each Trade. 
Remarks on the Past and Present Methods 

of Estimating. 



Railway Curves. — Tables for Setting out Curves 

for Railways, Canals, Roads, etc., varying from a radius of five chains 
to three miles. By A. Kennedy and R. W. Hackwood. Illustrated, 
32mo, cloth, 2s. 6d. 

Roads. — The Maintenance of Macadamised Roads. 

By T. Codrington, M.I.C.E., F.G.S., General Superintendent of 
County Roads for South Wales. Second edition, 8vo, cloth, Js. 6d. 

Scamping Tricks. — Scamping Tricks and Odd 

Knowledge occasionally practised upon Public Works, chronicled from the 
confessions of some old Practitioners. By John Newman, Assoc. M. 
Inst. C.E., author of ' Earthwork Slips and Subsidences upon Public 
Works,' ' Notes on Concrete,' &c. Crown 8vo, cloth, 2s. 6d. 

Screw Cutting. — Turners' Handbook on Screw 

Cutting, Coning, etc., etc., with Tables, Examples, Gauges, and 
Formulae. By Walter Price. Fcap. 8vo, cloth, if. 



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PUBLISHED BY E. & F. N. SPON, Ltd. 17 

Screw Cutting. — Screw Cutting Tables for En- 

gineers and Machinists, giving the values of the different trains of Wheels 
required to produce Screws of any pitch, calculated by Lord Lindsay. 
Second edition, oblong royal 8vb, cloth, 2s. 

Screw Cutting. — Screw Cutting Tables, for the 

use of Mechanical Engineers, showing the proper arrangement of Wheels 
for cutting the Threads of Screws of any required pitch, with a Table for 
making the Universal Gas-pipe Threads and Taps. By W. A. Martin, 
Engineer. Sixth edition, oblong, cloth, u. 

Sewerage. — Sewerage and Sewage Disposal. By 

Henry Robinson, Mem. Inst. C.E., F.G.S., Professor of Civil 
Engineering, King's College, London, &c, with large folding plate. 
Demy 8vo, cloth, \2s. 6d. 

Slide Valve. — A Treatise on a Practical Method 

of Designing Slide- Valve Gears by Simple Geometrical Construction, based 
upon the principles enunciated in Euclid's Elements, and comprising the 
various forms of Plain Slide- Valve and Expansion Gearing ; together with 
Stephenson's, Gooch's, and Allan's Link-Motions, as applied either to 
reversing or to variable expansion combinations. By Edward J. Cow- 
ling Welch, Mem. Inst. M.E. Crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Soap. — A Treatise on the Manufacture of Soap and 

Candles, Lubricants and Glycerine. By W. Lant Carpenter, B.A., 
B.Sc. Second edition, revised by Henry Leask, with illustrations, 
crown 8vo, I2j. 6d. 

Stair Building. — Practical Stair Building and 

Handrailing by the Square Section and Falling Line System. By W. H. 
Wood. Folding plates, post 4*0, cloth, ior. 6d. 

Steam Boilers. — Steam Boilers, their Manage- 
ment and Working on land and sea. By James Peattie. Third 
edition, with illustrations, crown 8vo, cloth, 5s. 

Steam Engine. — A Practical Treatise on the 

Steam Engine, containing Plans and Arrangements of Details for Fixed 
Steam Engines, with Essays on the Principles involved in Design and 
Construction. By Arthur Rigg, Engineer, Member of the Society of 
Engineers and of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. Second 
edition, copiously illustrated with woodcuts and 103 plates, in one Volume, 
demy 4to, cloth, 25J. 
This work is not, in any sense, an elementary treatise, or history of the steam engine, but 
is intended to describe examples of Fixed Steam Engines without entering into the wide 
domain of locomotive or marine practice. To this end illustrations will be given of the most 
recent arrangements of Horizontal, Vertical, Beam, Pumping, Winding, Portable, Semi- 
portable, Corliss, Allen, Compound, and other similar Engines, by the most eminent Firms in 
Great Britain and America. The laws relating to the action and precautions to be observed 
in the construction of the various details, such as Cylinders, Pistons, Piston-rods, Connecting- 

B 



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18 CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC BOOKS 



rods, Cross-beads, Motion-blocks, Eccentrics, Simple, Expansion, Balanced, and Equilibrium 
Slide-valves, and Valve-gearing will be minutely dealt with. In this connection will be found 
articles upon the Velocity bf Reciprocating Parts and the Mode of Applying the Indicator, 
Heat and Expansion of Steam Governors, and the like. It is the writer's desire to draw , 
illustrations from every possible source, and give only those rules that present practice deems 
correct. 

Steam Engine. — The Steam Engine considered as 

a Thermodynamic Machine, a treatise on the Thermodynamic efficiency 
of Steam Engines, illustrated by Tables, Diagrams, and Examples from 
Practice. By Jas. H. Cotterill, M.A., F.R.S., Professor of Applied 
Mechanics in the Royal Naval College. Third edition, revised and 
enlarged, 8vo, cloth, 15^. 

Steam Engine. — Steam Engine Management ; a 

Treatise on the Working and Management of Steam Boilers. By F. 
Colyer, M. Inst. C.E., Mem. Inst. M.E. Second edition, revised and 
enlarged, i8mo, cloth, 3-r. 6d. 

Steam Engine. — A Treatise on Modern Steam 

Engines and Boilers, including Land, Locomotive and Marine Engines 
and Boilers, for the use of Students. By Frederick Colyer, M. Inst. 
C.E., Mem. InsLM.E. With 36 plates. 4to, cloth, 12*. 6d. 

Sugar. — Tables for the Qtiantitative Estimation of 

the Sugars, with Explanatory Notes. By Dr. Ernest We in ; translated, . 
with additions, by William Frew, Ph.D. Crown 8vo, cloth, 6*. 

Sugar. — A Handbook for Planters and Refiners ; 

being a comprehensive Treatise on the Culture of Sugar-yielding Plants, 
and on the Manufacture, Refining, and Analysis of Cane, Palm, Maple, 
Melon, Beet, Sorghum, Milk, and Starch Sugars ; with copious 
Statistics of their Production and Commerce, and a chapier on the 
Distillation of Rum. By C. G. Warnford Lock, F.L.S., &c. ; 
B. E. R. Newlands, F.C.S., F.I.C., Mem. Council Soc. Chemical 
Industry ; and J. A. R. Newlands, F.C.S., F.I.C. Upwards of 200 
illustrations and many plates, 8vo, cloth, 1/. 16s. 

Surveying. — A Practical Treatise on the Science of 

- Land and Engineering Surveying, Levelling, Estimating Quantities, etc., 
with a general description of the several Instruments required for Sur- 
veying, Levelling, Plotting, etc. By H. S. Merrett. Fifth edition, 
revised by G. W. Usill, Assoc. Mem. Inst. C.E. 41 plates, with illus- 
trations and tables, royal 8vo, cloth, \2s. 6d. 

Surveying and Levelling. — Surveying and 

Levelling Instruments theoretically and practically describtd, for construc- 
tion, qualities, selection, preservation, adjustments, and uses, with other 
apparatus and appliances used by Civil Engineers and Surveyors. By 
"W. F. Stanley. Second edition. 350 cuts, crown 8vo, cloth, 7s. 6d. 



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Tables of Logarithms. — A B C Five-Figure 

Logarithms for general use. By C. J. Woodward, B.Sc. Containing 
Mantissas of numbers to 10,000. Log. Sines, Tangents, Cotangents, and 
Cosines to 10" of Arc. Together with full explanations and simple 
exercises showing use of the tables. With Index cut in edges, fcap. 8vo, 
limp leather, 4J. 

Tables of Squares. — Barlow's Tables of Squares, 

Cubes. Square Roots, Cube Roots, Reciprocals of all Integer Numbers up to 
10,000. Post Svo, cloth, 6s. 

Telephones. — Telephones, their Construction and 

Fitting, By F. C. Allsop. With 210 illustrations •, crown 8vo, cloth. 
Fifth edition in the#ress. 

Tobacco Cultivation. — Tobacco Growing, Curing, 

and Manufacturing ; a Handbook for Planters in all parts of the world. 
Edited by C. G. Warnford Lock, F.L.S. With illustrations. Crown 
8vo, cloth, 6s. 

Tropical Agriculture. — Tropical Agriculture: a 

Treatise on the Culture, Preparation, Commerce and Consumption of the 
principal Products of the Vegetable Kingdom. By P. L. Simmonds, 
F.L.S., F.R.C.I. New edition, revised and enlarged, 8vo, cloth, 21s. 

Turning. — The Practice of Hand Turning in Wood, 

Ivory, Shell, etc., with Instructions for Turning such Work in Metal as 
may be required in the Practice of Turning in Wood, Ivory, etc. ; also 
an Appendix on Ornamental Turning. (A book for beginners.) By 
Francis Campin. Third edition, with wood engravings, crown 8vo, 
cloth, 3*. 6d. 

Valve Gears. — Treatise on Valve- Gears, with 

special consideration of. the Link-Motions of Locomotive Engines. By 
Dr. Gustav Zeuner, Professor of Applied Mechanics at the Confede- 
rated Polytechnikum of Zurich. Translated from the Fourth German 
Edition, by Professor J. F. Klein, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa. 
Illustrated, 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. 

Varnish. — The practical Polish and Varnish-Maker ; 

a Treatise containing 750 practical Receipts and Formulae for the Manu- 
facture of Polishes, Lacquers, Varnishes, and Japans of all kinds, for 
workers in Wood and Metal, and directions for using same. By H. C. 
Standage (Practical Chemist), author of 'The Artist's Manual of 
Pigments.' Crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. 

li 2 



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Ventilation. — Health and Comfort in House Build* 

ing; or, Ventilation with Warm Air by Self-acting Suction Power. 
With Review of the Mode of Calculating the Draught in Hot-air Flues, 
and with some Actual Experiments by J. Drysdale, M.D., and J. W. 
Hayward, M.D. With plates and woodcuts. Third edition, with some 
New Sections, and the whole carefully revised, 8vo, cloth, p. 6d. 

Warming and Ventilating. — A Practical 

Treatise upon Warming Buildings by Hot Water \ and upon Heat and 
Heating Appliances in general ; with an inquiry respecting Ventilation, 
the cause and action of Draughts in Chimneys and Flues, and the laws 
relating to Combustion. By Charles Hood, F.R.S. Re-written by 
Frederick Dye. Third edition. 8vo, cloth, 15J. 

Watchwork. — Treatise on Watchwork, Past and 

Present. By the Rev. H. L. Nelthropp, M.A., F.S.A. With 32 
illustrations y crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. 6d. 

contents : 

Definitions of Words and Terms used in Watchwork — Tools — Time— Historical Sum- 
mary— -On Calculations of the Numbers for Wheels and Pinions ; their Proportional Sizes, 
Trains, etc. — Of Dial Wheels, or Motion Work — Length of Time of Going without Winding 
up — The Verge — The Horizontal — The Duplex — The Lever — The Chronometer* — Repeating 
Watches— Keyless Watches — The Pendulum, or Spiral Spring — Compensation — Jewelling of 
Pivot Holes — Clerkenwell — Fallacies of the Trade — Incapacity of Workmen — How to Choose 
and Use a Watch, etc. 

Water Softening. — Water Softening and Purifi- 
cation : the Softening and Clarification of Hard and Dirty Waters. By 
Harold Collet. Crown 8vo, cloth, $s. 

Waterworks. — The Principles of Waterworks 

Engineering. By J. H. T. Tudsbery, D.Sc, Hunter Medallist of Glas- 
gow University, M. Inst. C.E., and A. W. Brtghtmore, M.Sc, Assoc. 
M. Inst. C.E. Second edition, with illustrations and 13 plates, medium 
8vo, cloth, 2$s. 

Well Sinking. — Well Sinking. The modern prac- 
tice of Sinking and Boring Wells, with geological considerations and 
examples of Wells. By Ernest Spon, Assoc. Mem. Inst C.E. 
Second edition, revised and enlarged. Crown 8vo, cloth, iar. 6d. 

Wiring. — Incandescent Wiring Hand-Book. By 

F. B. Badt, late 1st Lieut. Royal Prussian Artillery. With 41 illustra- 
tions and 5 tables. i8mo, cloth, 4-f. 6d. 

Wood-working Factories. — On the Arrange^ 

menty Care, and Operation of Wood-working Factories and Machinery, 
forming a complete Operator's Handbook. By J. Richard, Mechanical 
Engineer. Second edition, revised, woodcuts, crown 8vo, cloth, 5-f. 



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SP0N8' DICTIONARY OF ENGINEERING, 

CIVIL, MECHANICAL, MILITARY, & NAVAL, 

WITH 

Technical Terms in French, German, Italian, and Spanish. 



In 97 numbers, Super-royal 8vo, containing 3132 printed pages and 7414 
engravings. Any number can be had separate : Nos. 1 to 95 is* each, 
post free ; Nos. 96, 97, 2j., post free. 



Complete List of 


all the Subjects : 




» 


Nos. 




Nos. 


Abacus 


.. I 


Barometer, 8 ; Barracks .. 


.. 8 


Adhesion .. 


I 


Barrage 


8 and 9 


Agricultural Engines 


I and 2 


Bell and Bell-hanging 


.. 10 


Air-Chamber . . . 


.. 2 


Belts and Belting . . 


. 10 and 1 1 


Au>Fump .. 


.. 2 


Bismuth 


.. 11 


Algebraic Signs .. 


.. 2 


Blast Furnace 


II and 12 


Alloy t 


.. 2 


Blowing Machine 


.. 12 


Aluminium 


.. 2 


Body Plan 


12 and 13 


Amalgamating Machine . 


.. 2 


Boilers 


*3> 14, 15 


Ambulance " .. 


.. 2 


Bond 


15 and 16 


Anchors 


.. 2 


Bone Mill 


.. id 


Anemometer 


2 and 3 


Boot- making Machinery .. 


.. 16 


Angular Motion .. 


3 and 4 


Boring and Blasting 


16 to 19 


Angle-iron 


.. 3 


Brake 


19 and 20 


Angle of Friction . . 


.. 3 


Bread Machine .. 


.. 20 


Animal Charcoal Machini 


5 .. 4 


Brewing Apparatus 


20 and 21 


Antimony, 4; Anvil 


.. 4 


Brick-making Machines .. 


.. 21 


Aqueduct, 4 ; Arch 


.. 4 


Bridges 


21 to 28 


Archimedean Screw 


.. 4 


Buffer 


.. 28 


Arming Press 


4 and 5 


Cables .. .. , .. 


28 and 29 


Armour, 5 ; Arsenic 


.. 5 


Cam, 29; Canal .. 


.. 29 


Artesian Well 


•• 5 


Candles 


29 and 30" 


Artillery .. 


5 and 6 


Cement, 30; Chimney .. 


.. 30 


Assaying .. 


.. 6 


Coal Cutting and Washing Ma- 


Atomic Weights .. 


6 and 7 


chinery .. .. 


•• 31 


Auger, 7 ; Axles . . 


.. 7 


Coast Defence 


3i» 32 


Balance, 7 ; Ballast 


.. 7 


Compasses.. 


.. 32 


Bank Note Machinery . 


.. 7 


Construction 


32 and 33 


Barn Machinery .. 


7 and 8 


Cooler, 34; Copper 


•• 34 


Barker's Mill .. 


. .. 8 


Cork cutting Machine 


•• 34 



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CATALOGUE 1 OF SCIENTIFIC SOOKS 



Corrosion .. 


Nos. 
.. 34 and 35 


Cotton Machinery 


.. 35 


Damming .. 


.. 35 to 37 


Details of Engines 


37, 38 


Displacement 


.. .. 38 


Distilling Apparatus 


.. 38 and 39 



Diving and Diving Bells .. 39 

Docks .. .. .. 39 and 40 

Drainage .. .. ..40 and 41 

Drawbridge .. .. ..41 

Dredging Machine .. ..41 

Dynamometer .. .. 41 to 43 

Electro-Metallurgy .. 43, 44 

Engines, Varieties .. 44, 45 

Engines, Agricultural .. 1 and 2 
Engines, Marine .. .. 74, 75 

Engines, Screw .. .. 89, 90 

Engines, Stationary .. 91, 92 
Escapement .. .*. 45, 46 

Fan 46 

File-cutting Machine .. ..46 

Fire-arms .. .. .. 46, 47 

Flax Machinery .. .. 47, 48 

Float Water- wheels .. ..48 

Forging .. .. .. .. 48 

Founding and Casting . . 48 to 50 
Friction, 50 ; Friction, Angle of 3 
Fuel, 50; Furnace .. 50, 51 

Fuze, 51 ; Gas 51 

Gearing 51, 52 

Gearing Belt .. .. 10, 11 

Geodesy .. .. ..52 and 53 

Glass Machinery .. .. ..• 53 

Gold, 53, 54; Governor.. .. 54 

Gravity, 54 ; Grindstone .. 54 

Gun-carriage, 54 ; Gun Metal .. 54 
Gunnery .. .. .. 54 to 56 

Gunpowder ., .. ..56 

Gun Machinery .. .. 56, 57 

Hand Tools . .. 57, 58 

Hanger, 58; Harbour .. ..58 

Haulage, 58, 59; Hinging .. 59 
Hydraulics and Hydraulic Ma- 
chinery .. .. .. 59 to 63 

Ice-making Machine .. ..63 

India-rubber .. .. ..63 

Indicator .. .. ..63 and 64 

Injector .. .. .. .,64 

Iron .. .. .. 64 to 67 

Iron Ship Building .. ..67 

Irrigation .. .. ..67 and 68 



No*. 
Isomorphism, 68 ; Joints .. 68 

Keels and Coal Shipping 68 and 69 
Kiln, 69 ; Knitting Machine .. 69 
Kyanising .. .. .. ..69 

Lamp, Safety .. .. 69, 70 

Lead .. .. .. ..70 

Lifts, Hoists .. .. 70, 71 

Lights, Buoys, Beacons .. 71 and 72 
Limes, Mortars, and Cements .. 72 
Locks and Lock Gates .. 72, 73 
Locomotive .. .. -.73 

Machine Tools .. .. 73, 74 

Manganese .. .. ..74 

Marine Engine .. ..74 and 75 

Materials of Construction 75 and 76 
Measuring and Folding .. ..76 

Mechanical Movements .. 76, 77 
Mercury, 77 ; Metallurgy .. 77 

Meter 77, 78 

Metric System .. # . ..78 

Mills .. >.. .. 78,79 

Molecule, 79 ; Oblique Arch .. 79 
Ores, 79,80; Ovens .. ..80 

Over -shot Water-wheel .. 80, 8 1 
Paper Machinery .. ... .. 8l 

Permanent Way .. .. 81, 82 

Piles and Pile-driving .. 82 and 83 

Pipes 83,84 

Planimeter .. .. ..84 

Pumps .. ,. ..84 and 85 

Quarrying .. .. .. ..85 

Railway Engineering .. 85 and 86 
Retaining Walls .. .. ..86 

Rivers, 86, 87 ; , Riveted Joint .. 87 

Roads 87, 88 

Roofs 8S, 89 

Rope-making Machinery .. 89 

Scaffolding .. .. ..89 

Screw Engines .. .. 89, 90 

Signals, 90; Silver .. 90, 91 
Stationary Engine .. 91, 92 
Stave-making & Cask Machinery 92 
Steel, 92 ; Sugar Mill ,. 92, 93 
Surveying and Surveying Instru- 
ments 93, 94 

Telegraphy .. .. 94,95 
Testing, 95 ; Turbine .-. .. 95 

Ventilation .. 95, 96, 97 

Waterworks .. .. 96, 97 
Wood-working Machinery 96, 97 
Zinc 96, 97 



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A SUPPLEMENT 

TO 

8P0N8' DICTIONARY OF ENGINEERING, 

CIVIL, MECHANICAL, MILITARY, AND NAVAL 

Edited by ERNEST SPON, 

ASS^C. MEM. INST. C.E., MEM. SOC. ENGINEERS, OF THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE, 
AND OF THE GEOLOGISTS' ASSOCIATION. 



In 18 Parts, price 2s. each, post free 2s. 2d. 

Bound in cloth, 3 Divisions, 13s. 6d. each. 

Or, in One Vol., cloth, £2; half-morocco, £2 8s. 



Complete List of all the Subjects. 



Abacus .. .... I 

Agricultural Imple- 
ments I 

Air Compressors I, 2 
Animal Charcoal Ma- 
chinery 2 

Antimony .. .. 2 
Axles and Axle-boxes 2 
Barn Machinery .. 2 
Belts and Belting .. 2 

Blasting 3 

Boilers .. .. ... 3 

Brake 3 

Brick - making Ma- 
chines .. .. 3, 4 
Bridge .. .. 4, 5 

Cages. 5 

Calculus 5 

Canals 5 

• Carpentry .. .. ' 5 
Cast Iron.. .. 5, 6 
Cement, Concrete, 

Limes and Mortar 6 
Chimney Shafts .. 6 
Coal Cleansing and 
Washing 



Coal Mining 



6,7 



No- 
Coke Ovens .. .. 7 

Copper 7 

Dock .. .. 7, 8 

Drainage 8 

Dredging 8 

Dynamo- Electric and 
Magneto - Electric 
Machines .. .. 8 
Dynamometer.. 8, 9 
Electrical Engineer- 
ing .. .. 9, io 
Engines, Varieties of 10 
Explosives .. .. 10 

Fans. 10 

Founding.. .. io^ ir 
Gas, Manufacture ol 11 

Hammers 11 

Heat 12 

Horse Power .. ..12 
Hydraulics .. .. 12 
Hydro-geology . . 12 
Indicator .. .. 12, 13 

Iron 13 

Lifts. Hoists and Ele- 
vators 13 

Lights, Buoys and 
Beacons .. 13, 14 



No. 
H 



Machine Tools 
Materials of Con- 
struction, Strength 

of 14, 15 

Mercury 15 

Meters 15 

Ores 15 

Piers 15 

Pile Driving .. .. 15 
Pneumatic Transmis- 
sion 15 

Pump 15 

Pyrometer .. .. 15 
Road Locomotive 15, 16 
Rock Drill .. ..16 
Rolling Stock .. 16, 17 
Sanitary Engineer- 
in? .. ..' 17, 18 
Shafts and Shaft Fit- 
tings 18 

Steel 18 

Stone - working Ma- 
chinery 18 

Tramways .. .. 18 
Well Sinking and 

Boring e& 



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24 CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC BOOKS. 

SECOND EDITION. 

In demy 4to, handsomely bound in cloth, illustrated with 220 full page plates , 

Price 1 5 s. 



ARCHITECTURAL EXAMPLES 

IN BRICK, STONE, WOOD, AND IRON. 

A COMPLETE WORK ON THE DETAILS AND ARRANGEMENT 
OP BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN. 

By WILLIAM FULLERTON, Architect. 

Containing 220 Plates, with numerous Drawings selected from the Architecture 
of Former and Present Times. 

The Details and Designs are Drawn to Scale, |", J", £", and Full size 
being chiefly used. 



The Plates are arranged in Two Parts. The First Part contains 
Details of Work in the four principal Building materials, the following 
being a few of the subjects in this Part : — Various forms of Doors and 
Windows, Wood and Iron Roofs, Half Timber Work, Porches, 
Towers, Spires, Belfries, Flying Buttresses, Groining, Carving, Church 
Fittings, Constructive and Ornamental Iron Work, Classic and Gothic 
Molds and Ornament, Foliation Natural and Conventional, Stained 
Glass, Coloured Decoration, a Section to Scale of the Great Pyramid, 
Grecian and Roman Work, Continental and English Gothic, Pile 
Foundations, Chimney Shafts acc6rding to the regulations of the 
London County Council, Board Schools. The Second Part consists 
of Drawings of Plans and Elevations of Buildings, arranged under the x 
following heads :— Workmen's Cottages and Dwellings, Cottage Resi- 
dences and Dwelling Houses, Shops, Factories, Warehouses, Schools, 
Churches and Chapels, Public Buildings, Hotels and Taverns, and 
Buildings of a general character. 

All the Plates are accompanied with particulars of the Work, with 
Explanatory Notes and Dimensions of the various parts. 



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AreJuficJural Example*— 3own Hall— • 



Archiftcfural Examfjltt— Brick**** *u 




Arju?tcfvra) Exam^Ju— 







ArchatdUy Exaiflu— Window* 72 




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CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC BOOKS 



SPONS' ENCYCLOPAEDIA 

OF THB 

Industrial Arts, Manufactures & Commercial Products. 

Edited by C. G. WARNFORD LOCK, F.L.S., &c. 

In super-royal 8vo, containing 2100 pages, and Illustrated by \ 
nearly 1500 Engravings. 

Can be had in the following bindings : 

In 2 Vols., cloth .. .. £3 IO 

In 3 Divisions, cloth 3 11 

In 2 Vols., half-morocco, top edge gilt, 

bound in a superior manner .. .. 4 lO 
In 33 Parts, Sewed, at 2s. each 



O 
6 

O 



Any Part can be had separate^ price 2s. ; postage 2d. 

Complete List of all the Subjects. 





Part 


Acids 


• h 2, 3 


Alcohol .. 


3,4 


Alkalies . . 


4, 5 


Alloys 


. 5,6 


Arsenic . . 


. .. 6 


Asphalt e .. 


. .. 6 


Aerated Waters 


> .. 6 


Beer and Wine 


6,7 


Beverages . . 


. 7,8 


Bleaching Powc 


ler .; 8 


Bleaching.. 


. 8,9 


Borax 


. ,. 9 


Brushes . . 


. .. 9 


Buttons .. 


. .. 9 


Camphor .. 


9, io 


Candies . . 


.. io 


Carbon 


.. io 


Celluloid .. 


.. io 


Clays 


.. io 


Carbolic Acid . 


.. ii 


Coal-tar Produ< 


:ts ..ii 


Cocoa 


.. ii 


Coffee .. . 


. II, 12 


Cork .... 


..12 


Cotton Manufa 


c- 


tures 


. 12, 13 


Drugs 


. .. 13 


Dyeing and 


Calico 


Printing 


. I3> H 



Part 

Dyestuffs 14 

Electro-Metallurgy . . 14 
Explosives .. 14, 15 

Feathers 15 

Fibrous Substances 

15, 16 
Floor-cloth .. .. 16 
Food Preservation .. 16 

Fruit 16, 17 

Fur 17 

Gas, Coal 17 

Gems 17 

Glass .. 17 

Graphite 18 

Hair Manufactures.. 18 
Hats .. .. .. .. iS 

Ice, Artificial .. .. 18 

Indiarubber Manu- 
factures .. 18, 19 

Ink 19 

Jute Manufactures .. 19 
Knitted Fabrics — 
Hosiery .. ..19 

Lace 19 

Leather .. .. 19, 20 
Linen Manufactures 20 

Manures 20 

Matches .. .. 20, 21 
Mordants 21 



Part 
Narcotics .. .. 21, 22 
Oils and Fatty Sub- 
stances .. 22, 23, 24 

Paper 24 

Paraffin 24 

Pearl and Coral .. 24 

Perfumes 24 

Photography .. 24, 25 
Pigments and Paint 25 
Pottery .. .. 25, 26 
Printing and Engrav- 
ing 26 

Resinous and Gummy 
Substances .. 26, 27 „ 

Rope 27 

Salt 27, 28 

Silk 28 

Skins 28 

Soap, Railway Grease 
and Glycerine 28, 29 

Spices 29 

Starch 29 

Sugar- .. 29, 30, 3c 
Tannin .. .. 31, 32 

Tea , 32 

Timber 32 

Varnish 32 

Wool and Woollen 
Manufactures 32, 33 



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27 



SECOND EDITION, 

Crown 8vo, cloth, with illustrations, 5s. 

WORKSHOP RECEIPTS. 

FIRST SERIES. 



SYNOPSIS OF 

Alloys 

Bleaching 

Bookbinding 

Bronzing 

Candle-making 

Cements and Lutes 

Cleansing 

Crayons 

Drawings 

Dyeing 

Electro-plating 

Engraving 

Etching 

Explosives 

Fireworks 

Fluxes 

Fulminates 

Glass 



CONTENTS. 

Graining 

Gunpowder 

Iron & Steel Tem- 
pering 

Lathing and Plas- 
tering 

Marble Working 

Painting 

Paper 

Paper-hanging 

Papier-M&ehe 

Pavements 

Photography 

Plating 

Polishing 

Pottery 

Recovering "Waste 
Metal 



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CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC BOOKS 



Crown 8vo, cloth, 485 pages, with illustrations, 5/. 

WORKSHOP RECEIPTS, 

SECOND SERIES. 



Synopsis of Contents. 



Acidimetry and Alkali- 
metry. 
Albumen. 
Alcohol . 
Alkaloids. 
Baking-powders. 
Bitters. 
Bleaching. 
Boiler Incrustations. 
Cements and Lutes. 
Cleansing. 
Confectionery. 
Copying, 



Disinfectants. 

Dyeing, Staining, and 

Colouring. 
Essences. 
Extracts. 
Fireproofing. 
Gelatine, Glue, and Size. 
Glycerine. 
Gut. 

Hydrogen peroxide. 
Ink. 
Iodine. 



Iodoform. 

Isinglass. 

Ivory substitutes. 

Leather. 

Luminous bodies. 

Magnesia. 

Matches. 

Paper. 

Parchment. 

Perchloric acid. 

Potassium oxalate. 

Preserving. 



Pigments, Paint, and Painting : embracing the preparation of 
Pigments, including alumina lakes, blacks (animal, bone, Frankfort, ivory, 
lamp, sight, soot), blues (antimony, Antwerp, cobalt, caeruleum, Egyptian, 
manganate, Paris, Peligot, Prussian, smalt, ultramarine), browns (bistre, 
hinau, sepia, sienna, umber, Vandyke), greens (baryta, Brighton, Brunswick, 
chrome, cobalt, Douglas, emerald, manganese, mitis, mountain, Prussian, 
sap, Scheele's, Schweinfurth, titanium, verdigris, zinc), reds (Brazilwood lake, 
carminated lake, carmine, Cassius purple, cobalt pink, cochineal lake, colco* 
thar, Indian red, madder lake, red chalk, red lead, vermilion), whites (alum, 
baryta, Chinese, lead sulphate, white lead — by American, Dutch, French, 
German, Kremnitz, and Pattinson processes, precautions in making, and 
composition of commercial samples — whiting, Wilkinson's white, zinc white), 
yellows (chrome, gamboge, Naples, orpiment, realgar, yellow lakes) ; Paint 
(vehicles, testing oils, driers, grinding, storing, applying, priming, drying, 
filling, coats, brushes, surface, water-colours, removing smell, discoloration ; 
miscellaneous paints — cement paint for carton-pierre, copper paint, gold paint, 
iron paint, lime paints, silicated paints, steatite paint, transparent paints, 
tungsten paints, window paint, zinc paints) ; Painting (general instructions, 
proportions of ingredients, measuring paint work ; carriage painting — priming 
paint, best putty, finishing colour, cause of cracking, mixing the paints, oils, 
driers, and colours, varnishing, importance of washing vehicles, re- varnishing, 
how to dry paint ; woodwork painting). 



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Crown 8vo, cloth, 480 pages, with 183 illustrations, 5*. 



WORKSHOP RECEIPTS, 



THIRD SERIES. 



Uniform with, the First and Second Series. 



Synopsis of Contents. 



Alloys. 


Iridium. 


Rubidium. 


Aluminium. 


Iron and Steel. 


Ruthenium. 


Antimony. 


Lacquers and Lacquering. 


Selenium.^ 


Barium. 


Lanthanum. 


Silver. 


Beryllium. 


Lead. 


Slag. 


Bismuth. 


Lithium. 


Sodium. 


Cadmium* 


Lubricants. 


Strontium. 


Caesium. 


Magnesium. 


Tantalum. 


Calcium. 


Manganese. 


Terbium. 


Cerium. 


Mercury. 


Thallium.. 


Chromium. 


Mica. 


Thorium, 


Cobalt' 


Molybdenum. 


Tin. 


Copper. 


Nickel. 


Titanium. 


Didymium. 


Niobium. 


Tungsten. 


Enamels and Glazes. 


Osmium. 


Uranium. 


Erbium. 


Palladium. 


Vanadium. 


Gallium. 


Platinum. 


Yttrium. 


Glass. 


Potassium. 


Zinc. 


Gold. 


Rhodium. 


Zirconium. 


Indium. 







Electrics, — Alarms, Bells, Batteries. Carbons, Coils, Dynamos, Micro- 
phones, Measuring, Phonographs, Telephones, &c, 130 pp., 112 illustrations. 



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DEVOTED MAINLY TO HANDICRAFTS & MECHANICAL SUBJECTS. 

250 Illustrations, with Complete Index, and a General Index to the 
Four Series, 5s. 



Waterproofing — rubber goods, cuprammonium processes, miscellaneous 

preparations. 
Packing and Storing articles of delicate odour or colour, 01 a deliquescent 

character, liable to ignition, apt to suffer from insects or damp, or easily 

broken. 
Embalming and Preserving anatomical specimens. 
Leather Polishes. 
Cooling Air and Water, producing low temperatures, making ice, cooling 

syrups and solutions, and separating salts from liquors by refrigeration. 
Pumps and Siphons, embracing every useful contrivance for raising and 

supplying water on a moderate scale, and moving corrosive, tenacious, 

and other liquids. 
Desiccating — air- and water-ovens, and other appliances for drying natural 

and artificial products. 
Distilling— water, tinctures, extracts, pharmaceutical preparations, essences, 

perfumes, and alcoholic liquids. 

Emulsifying as required by pharmacists and photographers. 

Evaporating — saline and other solutions, and liquids demanding special 
precautions. 

•Filtering — water, and solutions of various kinds. 

Percolating and Macerating. 

Electrotyping. 

Stereotyping by both plaster and paper processes. 

Bookbinding in all its details. 

Straw Plaiting and the fabrication of baskets, matting, etc. 

Musical Instruments — the preservation, tuning, and repair of pianos, 
harmoniums, musical boxes, etc. 

Clock and Watch Mending — adapted for intelligent amateurs. 

Photography — recent development in rapid processes, handy apparatus, 
numerous recipes for sensitizing and developing solutions, and applica- 
tions to modern illustrative purposes. 



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Crown 8vo, cloth, with 373 illustrations, price $s. 

WORKSHOP RECEIPTS, 

FIFTH SERIES. 



Containing many new Articles, as well as additions to Articles included in 
the previous Series, as follows, viz. ; — 



Anemometers. 

Barometers, How to make. 

Boat Building. 

Camera Lucida, How to use. 

Cements and Lutes. 

Cooling. 

Copying. 

Corrosion and Protection of Metal 
Surfaces. 

Dendrometer, How to use. 

Desiccating. 

Diamond Cutting and Polishing. Elec- 
trics. New Chemical Batteries, Bells, 
Commutators, Galvanometers, Cost 
of Electric Lighting, Microphones, 
Simple Motors, Phonogram and 
Graphophone, Registering Appa- 
ratus, Regulators, Electric Welding 
and Apparatus, Transformers, 

Evaporating. 

Explosives. 

Filtering. 

Fireproofing, Buildings, Textile Fa- 
brics. 

Fire-extinguishing Compounds and 
Apparatus. 

Glass Manipulating. Drilling, Cut- 
ting, Breaking, Etching, Frosting, 
Powdering, &c. 



Glass Manipulations for Laboratory 

Apparatus. 
Labels. Lacquers. 
Illuminating Agents. 
Inks. Writing, Copying, Invisible, 

Marking, Stamping. 
Magic Lanterns, their management 

and preparation of slides. 
Metal Work. Casting Ornamental 

Metal Work, Copper Welding 

Enamels for Iron and other Metals, 

Gold Beating, Smiths' Work. 
Modelling and Plaster Casting. 
Netting. 

Packing and Storing. Acids, &c. 
Percolation. 
Preserving Books. 
Preserving Food, Plants, &c. 
Pumps and Syphons for various 

liquids. 
Repairing Books. 
Rope Tackle. 
Stereotyping. 
Taps, Various. 
Tobacco Pipe Manufacture. 
Tying and Splicing Ropes. 
Velocipedes, Repairing. 
Walking Sticks. 
Waterproofing. 



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