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»#<&^^##»^>»<&^#<g>s » o^<§ » > > #» 

Collection of Poems, 

VOL. m. 


Collection of Poems, 

VOL. m. 


P O E ]vF^s=-^^^ 



LONDON: Printed by J. Huobs, 
For J. DODSLEY, in Pall-Mah. 



• 7^* street, E. R. 


GROTTO near the Thames, 

at Twickenham, 

Compofed of Marbles, Spars* and Minerals. 

By Mr. POPE. 

^T^HOU who Ihalt flop, where Thames' tranflucent 

^ Shines a broad mirrour thro' the fliadowy cave, 

Where lingering drops £rom mineral roofs diftill. 

And pointed cryftals break the fparlding rill, 

» Unpolifli'd gems no ray on pride bellow, 

^ And latent metals innocendy glow : 

<^ A3 Apf>roach. 



Approach* Great Nature (hidipufly behold 1 
And ^ye the mine without a wilh for gold. 
Approach : But aweful ! L6 th* Egerian grott. 
Where, nobly-pcnfive, St. John fate and thought i 
Where Britilh fighs from dying Wyndham ftole, 
Aiidtbe bright flame was Ihot thro'MARCHMONT'sfbuL 
Let fuch, fuch only, tread this facred floor. 
Who d^rc to love their country, and be poor^ 

HYMN on S L I T U D £• 

By the late JAMES THOMSON, Efq; 

Author of tlie Seasons. 

HAlL, ever plealing Solitude ! 
Compahibh of the wife and good ! 
but, fit)m whofe holy, piercing eye. 
The herd of fbds, and villains fly. 

Oh ! how I love with thee to walk ? 
And liften to thy whifper*d talk ; 

-4. • Which 


Wlysh innocoRCC, 0^4 t^mii import?,' 
And melts t^e rnqft o^dw^ bfsira. 
A thouf^Bd Ibap^ ypfl jff^ 

And ^ w pv?ry ihapf ywj pkafe j 

l^ow rapt in fome myftf^^^pi; dream^ 
A lone phOofopher y W feffla •, 
Now qui(;k from WU 19 dj^ you fly. 
And now yop fweep tl|e vsylted Qcy, 
And nature triumphs U) your eye : 
Then (trait again you cQint jhp 4¥^ 
And pmmg hang th^ ppnQve head. 
A fhepherd next you h^v^nt die pUm, 
And warble fprth yQpr pgten Ibraifi. 
A lover now with aU the gr^ce 
Of that fweet paflioa in your f^ ( 
Then, foft-dirided, yQuajOT^me 
The gentle-lpoking H. d 's blopm,^ 
Asy with her Philomela, &^tj 
(Her Philomela fond of thee) 
Amid the long wi.thdrawii}g vale. 
Awakes the rivaled nightingale. 
A thoufand ihapes you wear with eafe. 
And ftiU in every fhape you pleafe. 

A 4 Thine 


Thine IS th* unbounded breath of mom, 
Juft as the dew-bent rofe is bom ; 
And "while meridian fervors beat. 
Thine is the woodland's dumb retreat ; 
But chief, when evening fcenes decay. 
And the faint laiidfkip fwims away. 
Thine is the doubted dear decline. 
And that bed hour of mufing thine. 

Defcending angels blefs thy train. 
The virtues of the fage, and fwain ; 
Plain Innocence in white array'd. 
And Contemplation rears the head : 
Religion with her aweflil brow. 
And rapt Urania waits on you. 

Oh, let me pierce thy fccret cell ! 
And in thy deep recefles dwell : 
For ever with thy raptures fir'd. 
For ever from the world retir'd ; 
Nor by a mortal feen, fave he 
A Lycidai, or Lycon be. 



An O D E 

O N 

JE O L U S's HARP.* 

By the Same. 


Trp Therial race, inhabitants of air ! 
^ '■^ "Who hymn your God amid the fecrct grove ; 
Ye unfeen beings to my harp repsur. 

And raiie m^eftic flrains, or melt in love. 

Thofe tender notes, how kindly they upbraid ! 

With what foft woe they thrill the lover's heart ! 
Sure from the hand of fome unhappy maid 

Who dy*d of love, thefe fweet complainings part. 

. * JEo\ui*% harp is a mufical inftniment, which plays with the 
wind, invented by Mr. Ofwald ; its properties are fully defcribed 
in the Cafile of Indolenee. 

III. But 



But hark ! that flrain was of a graver tone,^ 

On the deep firings his hand fomc hermit throws 5 

Or he the f acred Bard ! * who fat alone. 

In the drear wafte, and wept his people's woes. 


Such was the fong which Zion's children fung. 
When by Euphrates' ftream they made their plaint : 

And to fuch fadly fblemn notes are ftrung 
Angelic harps, to footh a dying faint. 


Methinks I hear the fidl celeftial choir. 

Thro' heaven's high donae their aweful anthem raife;. 
Now chanting clear, and now they all confpire 

To fwell the lofty hymn, from praifc to praife. 


Let me, ye wand'ring ^rits of the wind. 
Who as wild Fancy prompts you touch the ftring* 

Smit with your theme, be in your chorus join'd. 
For 'till you oeafe, my Mufc forgets to fing. 

* Jeremiah, 


(( II ) 

On the Report of a Wooden Bridge to be 

bwlt at Wcftminfter, 

By die Same. 

T^Y Rufiis* hall, where Thames polluted flows, 

•■^ Provoked, the Genius of the river rofe. 

And thus exclaim'd, — " Have I, ye Britifli fwains, 

•* Have I, for ages, laVd your fertile plains ? 

*^ Given herds, and flocks, and villages increafe, 

•* And fed a richer dian the Golden Fleece ? 

f* Hs^t I^ ye merchants, with each fwelling tide. 

Poured Afiic's treafure in, and India's pride ? 

JJint you the fruk of every nation's toil ? 

Made every climate your's, and every foil ? 

Yfct pSfefA from the poor, by gaming bafe. 

Yet nraft a Wooden Bridge my waves difgrace ? 

TeU net to foreign ftrcams the fhameful tale. 

And be it publifh'd in no Gallic vale." 
He Gad ; — and plunging to his cryftal dome. 
White o'er his head the circling waters foam. 









^ ^■■BP '•••■' ^••P' 'OClt ML^^ ^p^^^ ^^^pr ^^^w ^ 

The Choice of HERCULES. 


^f OW had the fon of Jove mature, attain'd 

The joyful prime: when youth, elate and gay. 
Steps into life; and follows unreftrdn'd 
Where paflion leads, or prudence points the way. 
In the pure mind, at thofe ambiguous years. 
Or vice, rank weed, firft ftrikcs her pots'nous root i 
Or haply virtue's op'ning bud appears 
By juft degrees j fair bloom of fairefl: fruit : 
For, if on youth's untainted thought imprell. 
The gcn'rous purpofe ftill Ihall warm the manly breaft. 



As on a day, reflefting on his age 
For higheft deeds now ripe, Alcides foughe 

. • . 

Redremcnt % nurfe of contemplation fage ; 
Stq> following ftep, and thought fuccceding thought : 

Muling, with ftcady pace the youth purfu'd 
His walk ; and loft in meditation, ftray'd 

Far in a lonely vale, with folitude 
Converfing ; while intent his mind furvey'd 
The dubious path of life : before him lay 
Here Virtue's rough afcent, therePleafure's flow -ry way* 

Much did the view divide his wavering mind : 
Now glow'd his breaft with generous thirft of fame ; 
Now love of eafe to (bfter thoughts inclined 
His yielding foul, and quench-d the rifing flame. 
When, lo ! far off two female forms he fpies ; 
DireA to him their fteps they fecm to bear i 

Both, lai^ and tall, exceeding human flze % 
Both, far exceeding human beauty, fair. 
Graceful, jrct each with different grace, they move : 
TWs, ftriking facred awe } that, fofter, winning love. 

IV. The 



The firft, in native digaity forptfs'd ; 
Artleis and unadom*d (he pleas'4 th^ more : 

Healthy o'er her looks, ageniaia^ Hiftre puft % 
A Yc&y^morc white tfaao new-£Ul'n 6iQW» flie mve. 

Auguft ihe trod, yet oa^deft w^ her ^ ; 
Serene her eye, yet darting he^y^iAy fli^e. 

Still fixe drew near ; and neacer ftUl mpre fairt 
More mild appeared : yet Aich as taigitt il^fffi: 
Pleafure correded with an aweilil fear ; 
Msgeftically fweet, and amiaUy ievere. 

The other dame feem'd ev'n of fairer hue^ 
But bold her mien ; unguardeid rov'd her .eye : 

And her flufh*d cheeks confefs'd at, nearer yiew 
The borrowed blulhes of an artful dye. 

All foft and delicate, with airy fwim 
Lightly (he danc'd along ; her robe betrayM 
Thro* the clear texture every tender limb. 
Heightening the charms it only feem'd toihade : 
And as it flowed adown, fo loofe and., thin. 
Her ftature fliew'd more tall j more Ihowy white her (kin; 

VI. Oft 


Oft with a finSe (he viewed heiielf afkance; 
Ev^n en hOr ihade a coi^dous look Sac threw; 
Then all around her caft a carelefs glance. 
To mark what gassing eyes her beauty drew. 
Ai.tiiejr came near, befotre that other nudd 
Approaching decent, eagerly Ihe preis'd 
With hafty ftcp ; nor of r^mlfe afraid, 
*Wtdi freedom bhmd die wond -ring youth addrefsM % 
With Winning fendnefi on his neck Ihe hung ; 
Swdrc as the honey-dew flowed her enchanting tongue, 

^ Dear HerctHes, whence this unkind delay ? 
'^ 'Dear youth, whatdoubts can thus diftrafb thy mind? 
•* Securely follow, where I lead the way ; 
^ And range thro' wilds of pleafure unconfin'd* 
** With me retire, from noife, and pain, and care, 
^^ Embath'd in blifs, and r^pt in endleis eafe : 
^ 'Rough is the road to fame, thro' blood and war j 
•* Smooth is my way, and all my paths are peace. 
^ With me retire, from toils and perils free ; r^j^^ 
^ Ixfitve honour to the wretch ! Pleafures were made for 

VIII, " Then 



•* Then -will I grant thee all thy fouFs dcfire f 
All that may charm thine ear, and pleafe thyfi^t: 
All that thy thought can frame, or wifii require. 
To fteep thy ravifliM fenfes in delight. 
•* The fumptuous feaft, enhanced with mufic'sfound; 
•' Fitteft to tune the melting foul to love : 
^* Rich odours, breathing choiceit fweets around ; 
" The fragrant bow'r, cool fountain, Ihady grove : 
*' Frcfli flowers, to ftrew thy couch, and crown thy head^ 
^^ -Joy (hftllattend thy Heps, and eafe fhall fmooth thy bed* 


** Thefe will I, freely, conftantly fupply % 
•* Plcafures, not eam'd with toil, nor mixMwithwbe: 
" Far from thy reft repining want (hall fly ; 
** Nor labour bathe in fweat thy careful brow. 
*' Mature the copious harvcft ftiall be thine ; 
*' Let the laborious hind fubdue the foil 2 
*' Leave the ralh foldicr fpoils of war to win ; 
^' Won by the foldier thou Ihalt (hare the fpoil : 
*' Thefe fofter cares my bleft allies employ, 
♦* New pleafures to invent •, to wiih, and to enjoy,* 

X. Her 


Her winning voice the youth attentive caught : 
He gaz'd impatient on the fmiling maid ; 

Still gaz'd, and liften'd : then her name befought: 
** My name, fair youth, is Happinefs, (he faid. 

•* Well can my friends this cnvy'd truth maintain : 
•* They ftiare my blifs; they beft can fpeak my praife: 

•* Tho* Slander call me Sloth — detradkion vain ! 
** Heed not what Slander, vain detraftor, fays : 
** Slander, ftiU prompt true merit to defame ; 
" To blot the brighteft worth, and blaft the fdircftname.** 


By this, arrived the fair majeftic maid t 
(She all the while, with the fame modeft pace. 

Composed, advanced.) " Know, Hercules," ftie faid 
With manly tone, " thy birth of heav'nly race ; 
Thy tender age that lov'd inftruftion's voice. 
Promised thee generous, patient, brave and wife ; 
•* When manhood (hould confirm thy gloHous 
*• Now cxpedation waits to fee thee rife. L^'^oi^c : 
Rife, youth ! Exalt thyfelf, and me : approve 


f* Thy high defcent from heav'n j and dare be worthy 


Vol. III. B XIL " But 

( isy 



•• But what truth prompts, my tongue fhall not dif- 
The fteep afcent muft be with toil fubdu'd : «-8^^» 

Watching and cares muft win the lofty prize 
Proposed by heav'n •, true blifs, and real good. 
*' Honour rewards the brave and bold alone ; 
She fpums the timorous, indolent, and bafe : 

Danger and toil ftand ftern before her throne ; 
And guard,(fo Jove commands) the facred place. 
•' Who feeks her muft the mighty coft fuftain,. ' 
' And pay the price of fame ^ labour, and care, and pain» 



** Wouldft thou engage the gods peculiar care ? 

•' O Hercules, th* immortal powers adore ! 

With a pure heart, with facrifice and pra/r 

Attend their altars ; and their aid implore. 

Or wouldft thou gain thy country's loud applaule, 

*' Lov*d as her father, as her god ador'd ? 

Be thou the bold affertor of her caufe ; 

Her voice, in council -, in the fight, her fword. 

In peace, in war, purfue thy country's good : 

For her, bare thy bold breaft j and pour thy generous * 


XIV. '' Wouldft 








** Wouldft thou^to quell the proud and lift th^oppreft, 
•* In arts of war and matchlcfs ftrengrfi excel ? 

** Firft conquer thou thyfelf. To eafe, to reft, 
** To each foft thought of pleafurc bid farewel. 
, " The night alternate, due to fweet repofe, 
*' In watches wafte; in painful march, the day : 

*' Congeal'd, amidft the rigorous winter's fnows j 
Scorch'd, by the fummer's thirft-ii>fiaming ray* 

Thy hardened limbs fhall boaft fuperior might : 
•' Vigour ftiall brace thine arm, refiftlefs in the fight/* 

^^' [engage ? 

•*Hcar'ft thou, what monftcrs then thou muft 

*' What dangers, gentle youth, fhe bids thee prove ?'* 

(Abrupt lays Sloth) " ill fit thy tender age 

•' Tumult and wars -, fit age, for joy and love. 

" Turn, gentle youth, to me, to love and joy ! 

*' To thcfe I lead : no monfters here (hall ftay 

• ** Thine eafy courfe j no cares thy peace annoy t 

** I lead to blifs a nearer, fmoothcr way. 

•* Short is my way •, fair, eafy, fmooth, and plain : 

* Turn, gentle youth! With me eternal pleafures reign.'* 

B 2 XVI. " What 

( 20 ) 


" What plcafurcs, vaia miftaHcn, wretch, arc thine f 
(Virtue with fcoro reply'd :) " w)^^ fleep'ft in^cafc 
" Infenfate ; whofe. foft limbs t^ie toil decline* • 
^ .That feafons.blifs/and make$ enjoyxpentidcafe. 
V Draining the copious bpwl, ej?p ih^rft xeqjuire ; 
; *' Fcafting, ere hunger to the fe;aft invite c, ; t 
. *' Whofe taftelcfs joys anticipate defire ; , ; 
V Whom luxury fupplies with 4ppcute : , . * • 
" Yet nature loaths •, and you. employ. in vajn. . 
** yarietyand art to conquer her difcjain.. •. . 



** The fparkliiig neftar, cooFd \yith fummer fnows ; 
The dainty board, with choiceft.v^iands.fpread 5 
To thee arc taftelefs all ! Sincere repofe 
*' FKes from thy flow'ry couch and downy bed. 
: ** For thou art only tir*d with indolence : 
*' Nor is thy fleejp with toil and labour bought : 

^ Th* imperfedt fleep that lulls thy languid fenfe 
** In dull, oblivious interval of thought : 
** That kindly fteals th* inaftive hours away r^^ 
ta From the long, lingVing fpacc,t|iat lengthens out vhc 

XVIIL '' From 


( 21 J 


** From bounteous nature's unexhaufted ftores 
•* Flows the pure fountain of fincere delights : 

•• Avcrfe to her, you wafte the joylefs hours ; 
•* Sleep drowns thy days, and riot rules thy nights. 

^ Immortal tho' thou art, indignant Jove r * 
** HurFd thee froni heaven, th' immortals blifsful 

" For ever baniffi'd from the realms above, 
*• To dwell on earth, with man^ degenerate race : 

Fitter abode ! On earth alike difgrac*d ; 
RejeAed by the wife, and by the fool embraced. 


•* Fond wretch, that vainly weeneft all delight 

*• To gratify the fenfe refcrv*d for thee ! ' ** 

Yet the moft pleafing obgeft to the fight,' 

Thine own fair aftion, never didft thou fee. 

Tho' lull'd with fofteft founds thou lieft idong ; 
Soft mufic, warbling voices, melting lays ; 
Ne'er didft thou hear, more fwect than'lweeteft fong 
Charming the foul, thou ne'er didft hear thypiaife! 
No — ^to thy revels let the fool repair : r- ^^^^ 
^* Tofuch, gofpiooththyfpeech; andfpread thytempJt- 

' B 3 XX- " Vaft 





** Vaft happincfs enjoy thy gay allies \ 

** A youth, of follies ; and old age, of cares J 

*^ Young, yet eneiVate ; old, yet never wife j 

^* Vice waftes their vigour, and their mind impairs, 

*• Vain, idle, delicate, in thougRtlefs cafe 

** Referving woes for age their prime they fpend •, 

" AU wretched, hopelefs, in the evil days 

: ** With forrow to the verge of life they tend, 

** Griev'd, with the prelent, of the paft, afliam'd : 

J* They live, and are defpis'd : they die, nor more are 


" But with the gods, and god-Jike men, I dwell : 
" Me, 'his fupreme delight, th' almighty Sire ' 
**. Regards well-pleas'd : whatever works excel, 
*' All or divine or human, I infpire. 

" Counfel with ftrength, and induftry with art, 
J^ In union meet conjoined, with me refide : 

" My diftates arm, inftruft, and mend the heart j 
" The fureft policy, the wifeft guide. 
** With me, true friendfhip dwells •, (he deigns to bind 
?' Thofe generous fouls alone, whom I before have joined. 

XXII. " Nor 



** Nor need my friends the various coftly feaft ; 
Hunger to them th' cfFcfts^ of art fupplies ; 
Labour prepares their weary limbs to reft ; 
" Sweet is their fleep: light, chearful,ftrong, they rife. 
** Thro' health, thro' joy, thro' pleafureand renown, 
*' They tread my paths ; and by a foft defcent, 

^' At length to age all gently finking down, 
** Look back with tranlport on a life well-fpent : 
** In which, no hour flew unimprov'd away ; 
f * In which, fomc generous deed diftinguiih'd evfcry day. 

** And when, the deftin'd term at length compleat. 
Their alhcs reft in peace ; eternal Fame 
Sounds wide their praife : triumphant over fate, 
*' In facred fong, for ever lives their name. 

" This, Hercules, is happinefs \ Obey 
" My voice, and live. Let thy celeftial birth 

*' Lift, and enlarge, thy thoughts. Behold the way 
*' That leads to fame ; and raifes thee from earth 
** Immortal ! Lo, I guide thy fteps. Arife, 
' Purfue the glorious path ^ and claim thy native fkies.** 

B 4 XXIV. Her 


( h} 

Her words breathe fire cckflial, undknpitt- ' 
New vigour to his foul, that fudden caught 
The generous flame : with great intent his he^ 

SweUs full ; and labours with exalted thought r - 


, , The mift of error from his eyes diipell'd» 
Through all her fraydful arts in cleareft light 
jSloth in her native form he now. beheld ; 
Unveil'd, Ihe ftood confels'd befb« his fight :^ 

Falfe Siren ! — AU her vaunted charms, that (hone 

So frefh erewhile« and fair ; now withered, pale^ and'. 


^p more^ , the roiy. bloom in fwcet diiguife 
Ma(ks her difleoil^led looks : each bocrow'd grace 

Leaves her wan cheek; pale ficknefs clouds her eye9 
Livid and funk, and pallions dim her face. 

As when fair Iris has awhile difplay'd 
H^r watry arch, with gaudy painturc gay % 

While yet we gaze, the glorious colours fade. 

And from our wonder gently ftcal away ; 

Where ihone the beauteous phantom erft ib bright. 

Now lowers the low-hung cloudy all gloomy to. the 



.." r- 

( 25 )\ 

, X3tVL^ 

But Vht«4ft6r# Clinging all die while 

Difcloi^new ei&ftttis; morclovely, more fercne; 

.'Seciriiiig fWcet "bffluencc. A milder finile ^ ^ ^ 

■^ • . . *'*••■" 
SofcenVl the feriwi of Her loftjr mien. 

*• Lead, goddefs, I am thine P* (tranfported ci^d 

Aicide$^0 •* O prdpitious pow*r, thy way 

** Teach mc ! pbflfels my foul ; be thou my guide : 

•* FrcMUhee, O never, never let me ftray !** 

WhBfe^derit thus the youth his vows addrefe'd ; 

YSch all the godieik fill'd, akeady glow*d his breait' 


The hdrv^nly maid, with ftrength divine endued 
His daring foiil *, there all her pow'rs combined : 
^^^Krm conftancy, undaunted fortitude. 
Enduring patience, arm'd his mighty mind. 
Unmov'd in toils, in dangers undifmay*d. 
By many a hardy deed and bold emprize, 
Frd^ fierceft monfters, through her powerful aid, 
IJe freed the earth : through her he gain'd the (kies. 
Ti#a$^ Virtue placed him in the bleft abode ; 
Crown'd with eternal youth -, among the Gods, a God. 




An O D E 

T O T H E 


In Imitation of the Sixth O d e of the Third Book 


of Horace. 

Written in 1746. 


TIRITON! the thunder of the wrath divine, r t . 
^^ Due to thy fathers crimes, and long with-held from 
Shall burft with tenfold rage on thy devoted head 5 
Unlefs with confcious terrors aw'd. 
By meek, heart-ftruck repentance led, 
^ Suppliant thou fall before th* offended God : 
If haply yet thou mav'ft avert his ire ; 
And ftay his arm outftretchM to launce th' avenging fire. 

II. Did 



Did not high God of old ordain. 
When to thy grafp he gave the fcepter of the main. 
That empire in this favoured land, 
Fix'd on religion's folid bafe (hould^ftand? 

When from thy ftruggling neck he broke 
Th' mglorious, galling, papal yoke. 

Humbled the pride of haughty Spain, 
And freed thee by a woman hero's hand ; 

He then confirmed the ftrong decree : 
** Briton, be virtuous and be free ; 
" Be truth, be fandtity thy guide : 
** Be humble : fear thy God ; and fear thou none befide.*^ 

Oft has th* offended PowV his rifing anger fliown : 
Led on by his avenging hand 
Rebellion triumphs in the land : [thrown 

Twice have her barbarous fons ourwar-train'dhofts o*er- 
They fell a cheap inglorious prey ; 
Th* ambitious vidtor's boaft was half fuppreft. 
While hcav*n-bred fear, and wild difmay, 
Unmsui'd the warrior's heart, and reign'd in every breaft. 

Her arms to foreign lands Britannia bore ; 
Her arms, ayfpicious now no more ! 





With frequent conquefts where the fires were crownM j 
The fons ill-fated fell, and bit the hoftile ground : 
The tame, waNtrading Belgian fled. 
While in hiis caufe the Briton bled : 
The Gaul ftood wond'ring at his own fuccefs ; 
Oft did his hardieft bands their wonted fears confefs. 
Struck with difmay, and meditating flight ; 
While the brave foe ftill urg'd th* unequal fight. 
While William, with his Father's ardour fir*d. 
Thro' alt th* undaunted hofl: the generous flame infpif'd!^ 

But heavier far the weight of ihame 
That funk Britannia's naval fame : 
In vain fhe fpreads her once-vlftorious fails ; 
Or f^r, or rafhnefs, in her chiefs prevails ; 
And wildly thefe prevent, thofe bafely fhun the fight j. 
" Content with humble praife, the foe 
Avoids the long impending blow ; 
Improves the kind efcape, and triumphs in his flight. 

The monftrous age, which ftill increafing years debafe. 
Which teems with unknown crimes, and genders pew dif- 
Firft, unreftrain'd by honour, faith, or (hame, LS^^^^* 
Confounding every facred name. 



The balloVd nuptial bed with lawlefk luft. profan'd :, 
Deriv'd from this polluted fource 
The dire corruption held its courfe 
Thio* the whole canker'd race, and taiated all the land. 

. VIL 

I The rip*nii)g maid is vers'd in every dangerous art. 
That ill adorns the form while it corrupts the heart : 
, ^ Pra&is*d to drcfs, to dance, to play, 
. In wanton maik to lead the way, 
Sio ^ove the pliant limbs, to roll the luring eye ; 
With folly's gayeft partis^ans to vyc 
In empty noifc and vain expence ; 
To celebrate with flaunting air 
The midnight revels of the fair 5 
Studious of every praife, but virtue, truth, and fenle. 

Thus leffon'd in intrigue her early thought improves. 
Nor meditates in vain forbidden loves : 
Soon the gay nymph in Cyprus' train Ihall rove 
Free and at large amidft th' Idalian grove % 
Qch^ply jealous of the voice of fame, 
. ^.Mafky ill the matron's fober name. 
With many a well-diflTembled wile 
\ The kind, convenient bulband's care beguile : 



(30 ) 

More deeply vers'd in Venus' myftic lotie^ 
Tet for fuch me;j||^r arts too lofty and fublime^' 
The proud, high-bonr, patrician whore. 
Bears unabaih'd her front, and glories in her crimCii 

Hither from city and from court 
The votaries of love refort ; 
The rich, the great, the gay, and the fevcre i 
The penfion'J architcft of laws 5 
The patriot, loud in virtue's caufc ; 
Proud of imputed worth, the peer : 
Regardlefs of his faith, his country, or his name. 
He pawns his honour and eilate j 
Nor reckons at how dear a rate 
He purchafes difcafe, and fervitude, and fliame* 

Not from fuch daftard fires, to every virtue loft. 
Sprung the brave youth which Britain once could boaft : 
Who curb'd the Gau?s ufurping fway. 
Who fwept th* unnumbered hofts away. 
In Agincourt, and Crefly's glorious plain ; 
Who dy'd the feas with Spanifh blood. 
Their vainly-vaunted fleets fubdu'd. 
And fprcad the mighty wreck o'er all the vanquifh'd main. 
4 XL No ; 



Ho ;-'twas agen^ausrace, by worth tranfmifllveknowQt 

In their bold breafl: their fathers fpirit gloVd : 

In their pure veins their mothers virtue flowed : 

They made hereditary praife their own* 

The fire his emulous offspring led 

The rougher paths of &me to tread ; 

The matron train'd their fpotlefs youth 

In honour, fanftijty, and truth ; 

Formed by th' united parents care, 

Thefonsjtho* bold, were wife; the daughters chafte, tho* 

XII. tfair. 

How Time, altwaftiog, cv'n the worft impairs. 
And each foul age to dregs ftill fouler runs ! 

Our fires, more vicious ev'n than theirs. 
Left us, ftill more degenerate heirs. 
To fpawn a bafer brood of monfter-breeding fons« 







Written in Imitation of Spenser.' 


T TT HERE early Phoebus (heds his milder beams^ 

^ ^ The happy gardens of Adonis lay : 
There Time, well pleas'd to wonne, a youth befeems. 
Ne yet his wings were fledg'd, ne locks were grey ; 
Round him in fweet accord the Seafons play 
• With fruites and bloflbms meint, in goodly grce ; 
And dancing hand in hand rejoice the lea. 
Sick gardens now no mortal wight can fee, 
Ne mote they in my fimple verfe defcriven be. 

II. The 


, THe tempePd cUme-fiuU tnaoy a^xtfi^aSot^i i 

Thofe many trees blufli forth with ripened fruitc } 
The blufliing fruite to fedft invites the birds ; 
Th€ birds with plenteous feafts their ftrength recruite } 
And warble fongs more fweet than fliepherd's flute. ^ 
The gentle ftream- that rolled the ftones among, 
Charm'd with the place^ almoft forgot its fuite^ 
c But Wning an^ refponding to the fong, 
Loit'ring, and winding often, murmured elong. 

Her Panacea, here Nepenthe grew. 
Here Potygon^ and each ambrofial weed ^ 
Whofe vertues could decayed health renew^ 
And, ahfwering exhaulted nature's need^ 
TSlotc eath a mortal to immortal feed. . ' 

Here lives Adonis in unfading youth •, 
Celeftial Venus grants him that rich meed, 
- And him fucceflive evermore renew'th. 
In recompence for all his faithful love and truth* 

- : > . IV. 

Not fhe, I Ween, the wanton queen of love. 
All buxom as the ^aves from whence fhe rofe. 
With her twm-fons, who idly round her rove. 
One Eros hight, the other Anteros > 
Vot. la C A\bw 

( 34 ) 

Albeit brothers, difFercpt as foes : 
This fated, fullen, apt for bickermcnt ; 
That hungry, eager, fit for derring-does. 
That flies before, with fcorching flames ybrent ; 
This foUVing douts thofe flames with peevifhdifcontent. 

Celeftial Venus does fuch ribaulds fliun, 
Ne dare they in her purlues to be fcen ; 
But Cupid's torch, fair mother's faireft fon. 
Shines with a fteady uncortfuming fheen ; 
Not fierce, yet bright, coldnefs and rage between^ 
The backs of lyons fclloneft he ftrod ; 
And lyons tamely did themfelves amene ; 
On nature's wild full fov'reignly he rod ; 
. Wild natures, chang'd, confefs'd the mild puiflant god* 

A beauteous Fay, or heav*n-defcended fpright. 
Sprung from her fire, withouten female's aidt 
(As erft Minerva did) and Pfyche hight. 
In that inclofure happy fojourn made. 
No art fomc heel'd uncomelynefs betray'd. 
But nature wrought her many-colour'd fl:ole ; 
Ne tarnilji'd like an -Ethiopian maid, 
Scorch'd with the funs that ore her beauties roll ; 
Ne faded like the^dames who bleach beneath the pole. 

VII. Nor 

( 35 ) 


Nor fhame, nor pride of borrowed fubftance wrought 
Her gay embroidery and ornament : 
But (he who gave the gilded infeffs coat 
Spun the loft (ilk, and fpread the various teint : 
The gilded infeft*s colours yet were feint 
To thofe which nature for this fairy wove. 
Our grannams thus with difPrent dies befprent, 
Adom'd in naked majefty the grove, 
Charm'd our great fires, and warm'd our frozen clime to 

VIII. I^^^^^- 

On either fide, and all adown her back. 
With many a ring at equal diftance plac'd. 
Contrary to the reft, was heben black, 
With ihades of green, quick changing as (he pafs'd ; 
All were on ground-work of bright gold orecaft. 
The black gave livelood to the greenifh hue, • 
The green ftill deep*d the heben ore it lac*d ; 
The gold, that peep'd atween and then withdrew. 

Gave luftre to them both, and charmed the wondVing view. 

It feem*d like arras, wrought with cunning (kill. 
Where kindly meddle colours, light, and (hade : 

- Here flows the flood ; there rifing wood or hill 
Breaks off its courfe ^ gay verdure dies the mead. 

C 2 The 


Thfe ftneam, depcinten by the glitt'rand braid, 
Emong.the hiUs now winding feems to hide; 
Now fhines unlook'd for through the opening glade. 
Now in full torrent pours its golden tyde 5 
Hills, woods, and meads refrefh'd, rejokmg by its fide« 

Her Cupid lov'd, whom Pfyche lov'd again. 
He, like her parent and her belamour. 
Sought how fhe mote in fickernefs remain. 
From all malengine fafe, and evil ftour. 
Go, tender coflet, faid he, forray ore 
Thefe walks and lawnds -, thine all thefe bufkets are ^ 
Thine every fhrub, thine every fruite and flower : 
But oh ! I charge thee, love, the rofe forbear ; 
" For prickles (harp do arm the dangerous rofiere. 

" Prickles will pain, and pain will banifli love : 
I charge thee, Pfyche, then the rofe forbear. 
When faint and fick, thy languors to remove, 
1 o yon ambrofial fhrubs and plants repair ; 
*' Thou weeteft not what med'cines in them are : 
What wonders follow their repeated ufe 
N'ote thy weak fenfe conceive, ftiould I declare ; 
*' Their laboured balm, and well-conco6led juice, 
*' New life, new forms, new thews, new joys, new worlds 

. [produce* 







( 37 ) 

** Thy term of tryal paft with conftancy. 

That wimpling flough (hall fall like filth away ; 

On pinions broad, uplifted to the Ikie, 

Thou Ihalt, aftert, thy ftrangcr felf furvey. 

Together, Pfyche, will we climb and play ; 

" Together wander through the fields of air, 

** Beyond where funs and moons mete night and day. 

** I chaise thee, O my love, the rofe forbear, 

•* If thou yrouldft (cathe avoid. Pfyche, forewarned, 

XIII. tbeware !" 

*' How fweet thy words to my enchanted ear ! 
(With grateful, modeft confidence ihe faid) 
** If Cupid fpeak, I could for ever hear : 
" Truft me, my love, thou (halt be well obey'd. 
" What rich purveyance for me haft thou made, 
*' The prickly rofe alone denied ! the reft 
" In full indulgence giv'n ! 'twere to upbraid 
*' To doubt compliance with this one requeft :. 
•* How fmall, and yet how kind, Cupid, is thy beheaft ! 

And is that kindnefs made an argument 
To raife me ftill to higher fcenes of blifs ? 
Is the acceptance of thy goodnefs meant 
t^ Merit in me for farther happinefs ? 

C 3 • *^ ^o 


( 38 ) 

*' No merit and no argument, I wifs, 

** Is there befides in me unworthy maid : 

•* Thy gift the very love I bear thee is, 

** Trufl: me, my love, thou fhalt be well obey'd ; 

^* To doubt compliance here, Cupid, were to upbraid.** 

Withouten counterfefaunce thus fhe fpokc j 
Unweeting of her frailty. Light uprofc 
Cupid on eafy wing : yet tender look^ 
And oft reverted eye on her beftows j 
Fearful, but not diftruftful of her vows. 
And mild regards (he back refledts on him : 
With aching eye purfues him as he goes ; 
'With aching heart marks each diminifh'd limb > 

rrill indiftinft, difius'd, and loft in air he feem. 

He went to fet the watches of the eaft. 
That none mote rufh in with the tyde of wind : 
He went to Venus to make fond requeft 
From flefhly ferm to loofen Pfyche's mind. 
And her eftfoons tranfmew. She forelore pin'd ; 
And mov'd for folace to the glafly lake. 
To view the charms that had his heart entwin^. 
She faw, and blufh'd, and fmil'd -, then inly fpake : 

" Thde charms I-cannotchufc but love, for Cupid's fake." 

XVII. But 


But fea-bom Venus 'gan with envy ftir 
At bruitc of their great happinefs ; and fought 
How Ihe mote wreak her fpight : then called to her 
Her fons^ and op'd what rankled in her thought ^ 

* Aiking who'd venture ore the mounds to vau't 
To breed them fcathe unwares i to damp the joy 
Of blifsful Venus, or to bring to nought 
The liefeft piirpofe of her dearling boy. 

Or urge them both their minion Pfyche to deftroy, 

Eros recul'd, and noul'd the work atchieve. 
" Behold is th* attempt, faid he, averfe from love : 
•* If love iofpires I could derreign to reave 
•* His fpear from Mars, his levin-brond from Jove.'* 
Him Anterosi fneb'd furly. " Gallefs dove ! 
•* Than love's, fpight's mightier prowefs undcrftond : 
•* If fpight infpires I dare all dangers prove ; 
•* And if fuccefsful, ftand the levin-brond, 

f * When hurlen angry forth from Jove's avenging hond* 



He faid, and deffly t'wards the gardens flew ^ 
Horribly fmiling at his foul emprife. 
When, nearer ftill and nearer as he drew, 
Unfuffcrable brightnefs wounds his eyes 

C 4 Forth 

(40 ) 

Forth beaming from the cryftal walls •, he tries 
Arrear to move, averted from the blaze. 
But now no longer the pure «ther buoys 
His grofler body's difproportion'd peaze : 
Pown drops, plumb from his tow'ring path, the trcachor 

XX, l\>^c* 

So ore Avemus, or the Lucrine lake. 

The wiftlefs bird purfues his purposed flight : 

Whether by vapours noy'd that thenceforth break. 

Or elfe defertcd by an air too light, 

Pown tumbles the fowl headlong from his height. 

So Anteros aftonied fell to ground, 

Provok'd, but not accoid at his ftraunge plight. 

He rofe, and wending coafts it round and round 

To find unguarded pais, hopelefs to leap the mound« 

As on the margin of a ftream he flood. 
Slow rolling from that paradife within, 
A fnake*s out-cafe untenanted he viewed 2 
Seizing the fpoil, albe it worthlcfs been. 
He darts himfelf into the vacant fkin. 
Jn borrowed gear, th* exulting lofel glides, 
Whofe faded hues with joy flufh bright again ; 
Triumphant orje the buoyant flood he rides j 

And flioots ih* important gulph, borne on the gentle tydcs, 

( 41 ) 

So (hone the brazen gates of Babylon ^ 
Armies in vain her muniments afiail : 
So ftrong, no engmes could them batter down ; 
So high, no ladders could the ramparts fcale ; 
So flank'd with tow'rs, befiegers n'ote avail ; 
So wide, fufficient harvefts they enclofe : 
But where might yields, there ftratagems prevail 
Faithlefs Euphrates through the city flows. 
And through his channel pours the uiiexpedled foes* 

He fails along in. many a wanton fpire ; 


Now floats at length, now proudly rears his creft : 
His fparkling eyes and fcales, inflinft with fire. 
With iplendor as he moves, the waves ore keft : 
And the waves gleam beneath his flaming breafh 
As through the batde, fet in full array. 
When the fun walks in radiant brightnefs drefs'd ; 
His beams that on the burnifti'd helmets play. 
The binrniih'd helms refledt, and fpread unufual day. 

So on he fares, and fl:ately wreaths about. 
In femblaunce like a feraph glowing bright ; 
But without terror flafti*d his lightning out. 

More to Itc wondcr'd at, than to aflfright. 

' ( 40 

The backward ftream foon led the mafker right 
To the broad lake* where hanging ore the flood 
(NarcifTus like, enamour'd with the fight 
Of his own beauties) the fcBid Piyche floods 
To mit^^ate the pains of lonely widowhood. 

Unkenn'd of her, he raught th* embroidered bank i 
And through the tangled flourets weft afide 
To where a rofierc by the river dank. 
Luxuriant grew in all its blowing pride. 
Not far from Pfyche ; arm'd with fcaly hide 
He clamb thie thorns, which no impreflion make i 
His glitt'rand length, with all its folds untied, 
' Flays floating ore the bufh : then filence brake. 
And thus the nymph, aftonied at his ipecch, befpake. 

^' O fair^ and moft excellent compleat 
^* In all perfeftions, fov*reign queen of nature ! 
The whole creation bowing at thy feet 
Submiffive*pays thee homage t wand*rous creatures 
If aught created thou ! for every feature 
Speaks thee a goddefs ifTued from the fkie ; 
Oh ! let not me offend, unbidden waiter. 
At aweful diftance gazing thus !'— But why 
** Should gazing thus offend ? or how unbidden I ? 

XXVII. " The 





( 43 ) 

«* The fiin that wakes thofc flourcts from their beds. 
Or opes thefe buds by his foft influence. 
Is not offended that they peep their heads. 
And Ihew they feel his pow*r by their quick fenfif^ 
Offering at his command, their fweet incenfe 5 
Thus I, drawn here, by thy enlivening rays, 
(Call not intrufion my obedience !) 
Perforce, yet willing thrall, am come to gaz6, 
?* To pay my homage meet, and bafk in beauty's blale.*! 

Amaz'd Qic ftood, nor could recover foon i 
From contempladon fuddenly abraid ; 
Starting at ipcech unufual : yet the tune 
Struck fbotly on her ear, and concert made 
With her own thoughts. Nor withlefs pleafure ftray'd 
Her eyes delighted o'er his gloffy (kin ; 
Yet frighted at the thorn on which he play'd : 
Pleafure with horror mixt I fhe hung between 
Sufpended ; yields, recoils, uncertain where to lin. 

At length (he fpoke : ** Reptile, no charms I know 
Such as you mention : yet whate'er they are, 
(And nill I leffen what the gods beftow) 
?* Their is the gift, and be the tribute their ! 


( 44 ) 

" For them thcfe beauties I improve with care, 
** Intent on them alone from eve to morn. 
** But reed me, reptile, whence this wonder rare, 
*^ That thou haft fpeech, as if to reafon born ? 
** And how, unhurt you fport on that forbidden thorn ?'* 

" Say, why forbidden thorn ? the foe replied : 
** To every reptile, every infedl free, 
^^ Has malice harfh to thee alone denied 
** The fragrance of the rofc enjoy'd by me ?" 
" — 'Twas love, not malice, form*d the kind decree, 
(Halfrwroth, Ihe cried:) " Thine all thefcbulkets are. 
Thine fruiteandflowV, were Cupid^s words to me : 
But oh ! I charge thee, love, the rofe forbear ; 
^* For prickles Iharp do arm the dangerous rofiere. 

** Prickles will pain, and pain will banifh love : 
I charge thee, Pfyche, then the rofe forbear. 
When faint and fick, thy languors to remove, 
** To yon ambrofial fhrubs, and plants repair ; 
*' Thou weeteft not what med'cincs in them are : 
" What wonders follow their repeated ufe 
" N*ote thy weak fenfe conceive, Ihould I declare : 
" Their laboured balm, and well-concofted juice, 
** New life, new forms, ncwthcws, new joys, new worlds 





•* Thy term df tryal paft with conftanqr> 
•* That wimpling flough ftiall fall like filth away ; 
*• On pinions broad up-lifted to the Ikic, 
•* Thou ftialt, aftert, thy ftranger felf furvey. 
** Together, Pfyche, will we climb and play ^ 
** Together wander through the fields of air, 
*' Beyond where funs and moons mete night and dayJ 
** I charge thee, O my love, the rofe forbear, 
•* If thou wouldft fcathe avoid. Pfyche, forewam'd, 

XXXIII. [beware!" 

Out burft the frannion into open laugh . 
She blufii'd, and frown'd at his uncivil mirth. 
Then, fofcen'd to a fmile, as hiding half 
What mote ofiend if boldly utter'd forth. 
He feem'd t* aflay to give his anfwcr birth : 
But ftopt ; and changed his fmiles to looks of ruth. 
** Is this (quoth he) fit guerdon for thy worth ? 
** Does Cupid thus impofe upon thy youth ? 
•* Dwells then in heav'n fuch envy, void of love and truth ? 

** Is this the inftance of his tendemels, 
•* To envy Pfyche what to worms is given ? 
** To cut her off from prefent happinefs 
" With feigned revcrfion of a promised heaven ? 

** By 





** By threat'nings falfe from true enjoyments driven ! '\ 
How innocent the thorn to touch, he knows : 
Where are my wounds ? orwhereth* avenging levin? 

** How f(rftly blufli thefe cdours of the rofe ! 
f * Howfweet (and div'd into the flow'r) its flagrante flowsl 


" Difadvantageous are thy terms of tryal i 

^ No longer Pfyche then the rofe forbear. 

•• What is to rccompence the harih denyal. 

But dreams of wandering through the fields of air,' 

And joys, I know not what, I know not where 1 

As eath, on leafy pinions borne the tree 

Mote rufh into the fkies, and flutter there. 

As thou foar yon, and quit thy due degree : 

" Thou for this world wert made ; this world was made 

XXXVL [for thee. 

** In vain you'd fly to yonder (hrubs and plants j 
*' Bitter their tafl:e, and worthlefs their efieft : 
Here is the polychrefl: for all thy wants 5 
No panacea, like the rofe, expedt. 
Mute as my fellow-brutes, as them abje£t 
And reafonlefs was I, *till haply woke 
By tafl:ing of the rofe, (O weak negleft 
In thee the while ! ) the dawn of fapience broke 
On my admiring foul, I reafon'd, and I fpoke. 

XXXVII. '• Nor 





** Nor this the only change ; for foon I found . 

^^ The briflcer fpirics flow in fuller tyde ; 

^^ And more thanufual luftre fpread around : 

^* Such vertue has the rofe, in me well tried. 

*' But wife, I ween, thy lover has denied 

** Its ufe to thee ; I join him too : beware 

" The dang'rous roic. — ^For fuch thy beautjr's pride 

•* *Twere death to gaze on, if improved !— Forbear 

f To&aip that wit, tookeen ! — Touch not the rofierc.*' 

Uncheckt, indulg*d, her growing paflions rife : 
Wonder, to fee him fafe, and hear his telling ; 
Ambition vain, to be more fair and wife ^ 
And rage, at Cupid's mifconceiv'd falfe dealing i 
Various the gufts, but, all one way impelling. 
She plunged into thie bofom of the tree. 
And fiiatch'd the role, ne dreaded pain or quelling. 
Off drops die fiiake, nor farther ftaid to fee ; 

But rufh'd into the flood, and vaniih'd prefendy* 

Full many a thorn her tender body rent ; 
Full many a thorn within the wounds remain^ 
And throbbing caufe condnual dreriment : 
While gory drops her dainty form diflain. 

4 SKc 


She wifhcs her loft innocence again," 
And hcf loft peace, loft charms, loft love to findj 
But fliame upbraids her with a wilh fo vain : 
Defpair fucceeded, and averGon blind j 

Fain fills her tortur'd fenfe, and horror clouds her min i« 
Her bleeding, faint, diforder'd, woe-begon» 
Strctcht on the bank beiide the fatal thorn* 
Venus who came to feck her with her fon, 
Beheld. She ftop'd : And albe heav'nly born,' " 
Ruthful of others' woe, b^an to mourn. , 

The lofs of Venus* fmiles fick nature found ; 
As ^ft-nipt drops the bloom, the birds ^relom 
Sit hufh'd, the faded fun fpreads dimnefs round ; 

The clattering thunders craft), and earthquakes rock tfie 
XLI. [ground. 

Then arming with a killing frown her brow ; 
" Die, poor unhappy" — Cupid fupphant broke 
Th' unfinifli'd fentence ; and with ducful bow 
Beg'd her to doff the keennefs of her look, 
"Which nature feeling to her center fliook. 
*' Then how fliould Pfyche bear it ? Spare the maid i 
** 'Tis plain that Anteros his fpight has wrpke : 
** Shall vengeance due to him, on her be laid ? 
*' Oh 1 let me-run, and reach th* unbroful balms," he l^d, 
XLII. *! A*i 


•* Ah what would Cupid afk ?" the queetl replies i 
** Can all thofe balms rcftore her peace again ? 
** Wouldfl: thoU a wretched life immortalize ? 
** Wouldft thou protraft by potent herbs, her pain ? 
** Love bids her die : thy cruel wifh reftrain/*— 
Why then (quoth he) in looms of fate were wove 
The lives of thofe, in long fuccellive train. 
From her to ipring, through yon bright trails to rove ? 
^ Due to the ikies^ and meant to Ihine in fields above ? 

Say, would thy goodnefs envy them the light 
Appointed for them, or the good prevent 
•* Forefeen from them to flow ? eracing quite 
t •* The whole creation through avengement ? 
•• One only fpecies from its order. rent, 
** The whole creation fhrivels to a fhade.'* 





—Better all vanifh*d, faid flie, than be mcint 
In wild confufion -, through free will mifled, 
J* And tempted to go wrong from punifliment delayed.? 

• ** Let me that exemplary vengeance bear, 
(Benign returned her amiable fon :) 

Juftice on her would lofe its aim ; feverc 
In vain, produftivc of no good -, for none 
Vol. III. P *• Could 





Could by that defolating blow be won. 

So falk each generous puqDofe of the will 

Correft, extinguifh'd by abortioQ : 

Whence juftice would its own intendments fpiUj 
And cut off virtue, by the ftroke meant vice to kilL 

*' Yet left impunity (hould forehead give 
" To vice, in me let guilt adopted find 
*' A vidlim ; here awhile vouchfafe me live 
" Thy proof of juftice, mixt with mercy kind !** 
•* -—Oh ! ftrange requeft (quoth ihe) of pity blind ! 
** How ftiouldft thou fuffer, who didft ne*er offend ? 
•• How canft thou bear to be from me difloinM ? 
** To wander here, where Nature 'gins to wend 
** Towafteandwildemefs,andpleafureshaveah end?*! 

** You, Venus, fuffer, (faid he) when you ftrike 
** Not for your own, but others' foul offence : 
*' Why not permitted I to do the like, 
^* When greater good, I fee, will coul from thence ? 
*' That greater good orepays all punifhments ; 
" And makes my fiiff^rings, pleafure : if they prove 
" A means to conquer Anteros, difpenfe 
*' Healing to Pfyche's wounds, regain her love, 
!* And lead her, with her happy fons, to realms above.'* 


( 51 ) 

•* To thy intreaties Pfjrchc's life I give, 
(Replied th' indulgent mother to her fon :) 

But yet deformed, and minifh*d let her live ; 

'Till thou Ihalt grant a better change foredone ; 

Nor Ihall that change, but thro' death gates be won. 

This meed be thine, ore her and hers to reign ! 

Already Nature puts her horrors on : 

Away !— I to my bow'r of blifs again ! 


•* Thou to thy talk of love, and voluntary pain/* 

She went ; and like a fhifted ftage, the fcene 
Vanilh*d at once •, th' ambrofial plants were loft 5 
The jarring feafons brought on various teen -, 
Each fought, each feeking, each by other croft. 
Young fpring to fummer flies from winter's froft ; 
While fwcltry fummer thirfts for autumn's bowl. 
Which autumn holds to winter -, winter toft 
With fcorn away, young fpring inflames his foul: 
Stillcraving, ncvcrpleas'd, thus round and round they roll. 

Th* inclement airs bind up the fluggilh foil ; 
The fluggifti foil the toilfome hand requires ; 
Yet thanklefs pays with four harfli fruits the toil ; 
fie willing yields, but ragged thorns and briers. 

D 2 Bvids^ 

wbjb3t:p ' . ---) 


( 50 

Birds, birds purfue ; as hunger's rage infpires : 
Their fweetefl: fongs are now but fongs of woe. *• 
Here from th' encroaching fliore the wave retires : 
There hoarfe floods roar -, impetuous torrents flow ; 

Invade the land, and the fcarce harvefts overthrow. 

5tretcht on the bank eftfoons th* inviting form 
Of Pfyche faded -, braced up lank and Aim, 
Her dwindled body flirunk into a worm : 
*Her make new-moulded, changed in every limbj 
H«r colours only left, a|l pale and dim : 
Doom'd in a caterpillar's fhape to lout. 
Her paflions ill fuch worthlefk thing befeem ; 
Pride, rage^ and vanity to banifh out. 

She creeping crawls^ and drags aloathfome length about. 

How Cupid wafh'd her noifome filth away ; 
What arts he tried to win her love again j 
By what wiles guileful Ant'ros did afiay. 
By leafing, (till her recreant to maintain. 
And render Cupid's kindly labours vain : 
Their combat, Cupid's conqueft, Pfyche's crown^ 
(My day's fet taflc here ended) mufl: remain 
Unfung -, far nobler verfc mote they renown : 

Unyoke the toiled fteers, the weary fun goes dc v 

.! O V i 


^^m cS S9 ^n oS ^3 ^3 <r» ^X ^S C9 ^3 ^S ^9 ^2 ^X nn ^S ^X ^9 ^X CS ^X ^X 


Or, an Offering to 


^ifnam igitur liber ? Sapiens^ fihique tmperiofus ; 
^em neque paiiperies^ neque mors, nequevincula terrent ; 
'Refponfare cupidinibuSj contemnere bonores 
Fortis ; tt infiipfo totus teres atque rotundus. 

HoR. Scrm. Lib. II. Sat. 7. 

TT AIL Liberty ! whofe prcfence glads th* abode 
•*•-*• Of heav'n itfelf, great attribute of God ! 
By thee fuftain'd, th* unbounded fpirit runs. 
Moulds orbs on orbs, and lights up funs on funs ; 
By thee fuftdn'd, in love unwearied lives. 
And uncontroul'd creates, fupports, forgives : 
No pow'r, or time, or fpace his will withftood ; 
Almighty ! endlefs ! infinite in good ! 

D 3 "If 

( 54 > 

** If fo, why not communicate the blifs, 
•* And let man know what this great bleffing^ ?*• 
Say what proportion, creature, wouldft thou claim ; 
As thy Creator's, in extent, the fame ! 
Unlefs his other attributes were joined 
To poife the will, and regulate the mind, 
Goodnefs to aim, and wifdom to direft. 
What mighty mifchiefs muft we thence expeft ? 
The maker knows his work 5 nor judg'd it fit 
To truft the rafti refolves of human wit : 
Which prone to hurt, too blind to help, is ftill 
Alike pernicious, mean it good or ill. 

A whim, t* improvements making fond pretence. 
Would burft a fyftem in experiments ; 
Sparrows and cats indeed no more fliould fear> 
But Saturn tremble in his diftant fphere : 
Give thee but footmg in another world. 
Say, Archimedes, where Ihould we be huri'd ? 

A fprightly wit, with liquor in his head. 
Would burn a globe to light him drunk to bed : 
Th' Ephefian temple had efcap'd the flame. 
And heav'n's high dome had built the madman's fame. 

The fuUen might (when malice boil'd within) 
Strike out the ftars to intimate his fpleen : ^ 



Nat poppy-heads lud fpoke a Tarquin croft ; 
Nature's chief fpring had broke, and all been loft» 

Nor lefs deftrudive would this licenfe prove. 
Though thy breaft flam'd with univerlal love. 
In vain were thy benevolence of foul ; 
Soon would thy folly difconcert the whole. 
No rains, or fnows, ihould difcompofe the air ; 
But flow*rs and funfhine drain the weary year : 
No clouds fhould fully the clear face of day ; 
No tempefts rife, — to blow a plague away. 
Mercy ihould reign untir'd, unftain'd with blood ; 
Spare the frail guilty, — to eat up the good : 
la their de&nce,, rift, facrcd Juftice, rife ! 
Awake the thunder fleeping in the fkies. 
Sink a corrupted city in a minute : 
•^ Wp ! to the righteous ten who may be in it. 
Pick out the bad, and fweep them all away ! 
— So leave their babes, to cats and dogs a prey. 

Such pow'r, without God's wifdom and his will. 
Were only an omnipotence of ill. 
Suited to man c^ we fuch pow'r efteem ? 
JFiends would be harmlefs, if compared with him. 

Say then, fli^ll all his attributes be giv'n ? 
His effence follows, and his throne of hcav'n ; 

D 4 His 



His very unity. Proud wretch ! fhall he 
Un-god himfelf, to make a god of thee ? 

How wide, fuch luft of liberty confounds ? 
Would left content thee, prudent mark the bounds. 
** Thofe which th* almighty Monarch firft defign'd, . 
*' When his great image feaPd the human mind •, 
** When to the beafts the fruitful earth was giv*n ^ 
" To fifh the ocean, and to birds their heav*n j 
*' And all to man : whom full creation, ftor*d. 

Received as its proprietor, and lord. 

Ere earth, whofe fpacious traft unmeafur*d fprcads. 

Was flic*d by acres and by roods to flireds : 
** When trees and ftreams were made a general good % 
" And not as limits, meanly to exclude : 
** When all to all belonged ; ere pow*r was told 
*' By numbered troops, or wealth by counted gold : 
*' Ere kings, or priefts, their tyranny began j 
*' Or man was vaflkl'd to his fellow-man." 

O halcyon ftate ! when man begun to live ! 
A blefling, worthy of a God to give ! 
When on th* unfpotted mind his Maker drew 
The heav'nly characters, correft and true. 
All ufeful knowledge, from that fource, fupply*d j 
No blindneis fprung from ignorance, or pride : 


AH proper bleflings, from that hafid, beftow*d ; 
No mifchicfs, or from want, or fulncfe, flow'd : 
The quick'ning paflions gave a pleafmg zeft ; 
While thankfiil man fiibmitted to be bleft. 
Simplicity, was wifdom j temperance, health : 
Obedience, pow'r ; and full contentment, wealth. 
So happy once was man ! 'till the vain elf 
Shook off his guide, and fet up for himfelf. 
Smit with the charms of independency. 
He fcoms protedion, raging to be free. 
Now, felf-expos'd, he feels his naked ftate ; 
Shrinks with the blaftr, or melts before the heat : 
And blindly wanders, as his fancy leads. 
To ftarve on waft^s, or feaft on pois'nous weeds. 
Now t6 the iarage beads an obvious prey ; 
Or ^I'afty men, more favage ftill than they : 
No lels imprudent to his breaft to take 
The friend unfaithful, or th* envenom'd fnake i 
Equisdly fatal, whether on the Nile, 
Or in the city, weeps the crocodile. 

Nor yet tefs blindly deviates learned pride ; 
In ^tna bum*4> or drown*d amid the tide : 
Boaft$ 6f fuperior fenfe ; then raves to fee 
•^cn contradifted) fools le6 wife than he. 

— X 




( 58 ) 

Mates with his great Creator ; vainly bold 
To make new fyftems, or to mend the old. 
Shapes out a Deity ; doubts^ then denies : 
And drunk with fcience, curfes God and dies, ] 

Not hcav'nly wifdom, only, is with-held. 
But the free bounty of the felf-lbwn field : 
No more, as erft, from Nature's ready fcaft» 
Rifes the fatisfy'd, but tempVate gueft : 
Cad wild abroad, no happy mean preferves ; 
By choice he forfeits, by conftraint he ftarves : 
Toils life away upon the ftubborn plain, 
T* extort from thence the flow reluftant grain ; 
The flow reluftant grain, procured to-day. 
His lefs induftrious neighbour fteals away : 
Hence fifts and clubs the village-peace confound^ 
^Till fword and cannon fpread the ruin round ; 
For time and art but bring from bad to worfe : 
Unequal lots fucceed unequal force. 
Each lot a feveral curfe. Hence rich, and poor : 
This pines, ' and dies neglefted at the door ; 
While gouts and fevers wait the loaded mefs. 
And take full vengeance for the poor's diftrefs. 

No more the paflions are the fprings of life ; 
But feeds of vice, and elements of (trife : 


( 59 ) 

Love, focial love, t* extend to all defign'd. 
Back to its fountain flows ; to felf, confined. 
Source of misfortunes j the fond hulband's wrong ; 
The maid difhonour*d, and deferted young ! 
The mifchief fpreads ; when vengeance for the luft 
Unpeoples realms, and calls the ruin jufl. 
Hence, Troj^, thy fate ! the blood of thoufands fpilt^ 
And orphans mourning for unconfcious guilt. 
Thus love deflroys, for kinder purpofe giv'n ; 
And man corrupts the bleffings meant by heav'n ; 
Self-injur'd, let us cenfure Him no more : 
Ambition makes us flaves, and av'rice poor. 
. What arts the wild diforder fhall controul. 
And render peace with virtue to the foul ? 
Out-reafon intereft, balance prejudice ; 
Give paf&on ears, and blinded error eyes ? 
Arm the weak hand with conqueft, and protect 
From guile, the heart too honeft to fufpeft ? 
For this, mankind, by fad experience taught. 
Again their fafety in dependence fought : 
Prefe'd to the ftandard, fued before the throne ; 
And durfl rely on wifdom not their own. 
Hence Saturn rul*d in peace th* Aufonian plains, 
.While Salian ibngs to virtpe won the fwains. 


( 6o ) 

But pois'nous ftrcams muft flow from pois'ned fprings: 
The priefts were mortal, and mere men the kings. 
What aid from monarchs, mighty to enflave ? 
What good from teachers, cunning to deceive ? 
Allegiance gives defenfive arms away ; 
And faith ufurps imperial reafon*s fway. 
* Let civil Rome, from faithful records, tell 
What royal blefllngs from her Nero fell. 
When thofe, prefer'd all grievance to redrefs. 
Bought of their prince a licenfe to opprefs ; 
When uncorrupted merit found no place. 
But left the trade of honour to the bafe. 
See induftry, by draining impofts curft. 
Starve in the harveft, in the vintage thirft ! 
In vain for help th* infulted matron cries, 
'Twas death in hufbands to have ears and eyes : 


Fatal were beauty, virtue, wealth, or fame : 
No man in aught a property could claim ; 
No, not his fex : ftrange arts the m-onfter try*d 5 
And Sporus, fpite of nature, was his bride. 
Unhurt by foes proud Rome for ages Hands, 
Secure from all, but her proteftor's hands. 
Recall your powers, ye Romans, back again ; 
Unmake the monarch, and- ne'er fear the man* 


(' 6i ) 

Naked and fcom'd, fee where the abjeft flies ! 
And once iin-caefar'd, foon the fidler dies. 
* Next, holy Rome, thy happinefs declare ; 
While peace and truth watch round the facred chair. 
Peace ! •— which from racks and perfecution flows ! 
Myfterious truths ! — which every fenfe oppofe ! 
That God made man, was all th' unlearned could reach ; 
That man makes God, th' enlightened fathers teach. 
Men, blind and partial, need a light divine ; 
Wkich popes new trim, and teach it how to fhine. , 
Rude nature dreads accufing guilt, unknown 
The balmy doftrine, that dead faints atone : 
The careful pontiff, merciful to (ave. 
Hoards up a fund of merit from the grave ; 
And righteous hands the equal balance hold. 
Nor weigh it out, but to juft fums of gold. 
Sole judge, he deals his pardon, or his curfe : 
Not heav'n itfelf the fcntence can reverie : 
Grac*d with his fccpter, aweful with his rod. 
This man of fm ufurps the feat of God ; 
Difarm'd and unadorM th' Almighty lies. 
And quits to feints his inccnfe, and his Ikies : 
No more the object of our fears, or hope : 
The creature, and the vaflal of the pope. 

" From 


•* From fanes and cities fcar'd, fly fwift away !'• 

•— To the rude Lybian in his wilds a prey. 

** The blood-ftain'd fword from the fell tyrant wreft !'• 

— Thoufands unfheath'd fhall threat thy naked breafh 
** The dogmatifts imperious aid difdain !** 

— So fink in brutilh ignorance again. 

*• Is there no medium ? muft we viftims fall 
** To one man's Lust, or to the Rage of all ? 
*' Is reafon doom'd a certain flave to be, 
*' To our blind Passions, or a prieft*s Decree ?'* 

Hail happy Albion ! whofe diftinguifli'd plains 
This template mean, fo dearly earn*d, maintains ! 
Senates, (the will of individuals checked) 
The ftrcngth and prudence of the realm colleft : 
Each yields to all ; that each may thence receive 
The full affiftance^ which the whole can give. 
For this, thy patriots lawlefs pow*r withftood. 
And bought their childrens charter with their blood ; 
While reverend years, and various-letter'd age, 
Difpafllon'd open the myfterious page ; 
Not one alone the various judgment fways. 
But prejudice the general voice obeys : 
For this, thy martyrs wak'd the bloody ftrife, 
Aflerting truth with brave contempt of life. 



Oh Oxford ! let delivered Britain know 

From thy fam'd feats her feveral bleflmgs flow. 

Th' accotiter'd barons, and affifting knights. 

In* thcc prcparM for council, or for fights. 

Planed and obtained her * civil liberty : 

Truth found her feartefs * witneflcs in thee ; 

When, tryy as gold, faints, from thy totfring pyresj' 

Rofe up to hca^n, El^h-like, in fifes ? 

Peace to thy walls ! and honour to thy name ! 

May age to age record thy gathering fame ! 

"^hilc thy ffill favoured feats pour forth their youths 

Brave advocates of liberty and truth ! 

In fair fuccefldon rife to blefs the realm ! 

Fathers in church, and ftatefmen at the helm ! 

•* But factious fynods through refcntment err ; ' 
** And venal fenates private good prefer : 
** How wiH the faith which wrangling fophs difpofe ! 
" The laws how harfli of penfion'd ayes and no*s V\ 

Wilt thou by no authority be aw'd. 
Self-excommunicated, felf-outlaw'd ? 

•By the Oxford provifions, A. D. 1258; at which time the 
commons are fuppt>/ed firft to have obtained the privilege of repre- 
ientatives in parliament. 

* In the imprilbnmenty difputes, and fufFerings of our firft refor- 
mers, Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer, at Oxford^ A. D. 1554 — 6. 

4 Expunge 


Expunge the creed, the decalogue rqeft ? 

If they pblige not, nor will they proteft. 

You fear no God ; — convinced by what you fay, 

Kjiaves praife your wit, and fwear your lands away^ 

Corrupt^not wives, erafe it if you will ; 

The injured hufband blots out, —do not kill. 

prom God his fabbaths ileal, for fport, not need ; 

Why hangs the wretch, who fteals thy purfe for bread ? 
Or fliall each fchifmatic your faith new mould. 

Or fenates ftand by patriot mobs controuPd ? 

Dr\ve back, ye floods ! roll, Xanthus, to your fpring I 

Go, crown the people, and fubjedt the king ; 

Break rule to pieces, analyfe its pow*r. 

And evefy atom to its lord reftore : 

As mixt with knaves, or fools, the weak, or brave^ 

A dupe, a plague, a tyrant, or a flave. 
What (hall I do •, how hit the happy mean 
*Twixt blind fubmiflion, and unruly fpleen ?** 

Confult your watch ; you guide your adtions by't ; 

And great its ufe, though not for ever right. 

]What though fome think implicit faith be due. 

And dine at twelve if their town-clock ftrike two ? 

Or others bravely fquir their watch away, 

Difdain a guide, and guefs the time of day ? 


. ( 65 ) 

Their guefs fb lucky, or their parts fo great. 

They come on all affairs, but juft too late ; 

You neithel- choofe. Nor traveling through the ftrcet, 

Correft its hand by every one you meet ; 

Yet fcniple not, if you fhould find at one 

It points to fix, to fet it by the Suk. 

Aim at the blifs that's fuited to thy ftate, 
Nor vainly hope for^happinefs compleat ; 
Some bounds imperfeft natures muft include. 
And vice and weaknefs feel defefts of good. 
Nor is it blind neceflity alone : 
Contriving wifdom, in the whole, we own i 
And in that wifdom fatisfy*d may truft. 
In its reflraints, as merciful, as juft. 
By thefe thy felfifh paffions it correfts ; 
By thefe from wrong thy weaknefs it prote6ls j 
In fovereign power thy fafety's heaven's defign ; 
Some faults permitted, as the fcourge of thine. 
Abfurd the wifh of all men, if exprefl ; 
Each grieves that he's not lord of all the reft. 
Why then fhould we complain, or thanklefs live, 
Becaufc not bleft with more than God can give ? 
Would you be fafe from others ? 'tis but due. 
That others alfo fliouki be fafe from you. 

Vol. III. E It 

( 66 ) 


It is not virtue wakes the clam'rous throng 5 
Each claims th* cxclufive privilege, to wrong. 
Whence ceafelefs faftidrt muft embroil the mad ; 
Alike impatient, under A, or Zad. 

How patrbt Crbmwell fights for liberty ! 
He fhifts the yoke, then calls the nation free^ 
He cannot bear a monarch on the throne 5 
But vindicates his right — to rule alone. 

Machekth roars out for freedom in his cell 5 
And Tindal wifely would extinguifh hell. 
Macheath's approved by all whom Tyburn awes. 
And trembling guilt gives Tindal's page applaufe. 
O fage device, to fct the confcierice free 
From dread ! he winks ; then fays that heav'n can*t (ec. 
Both blindly plan the paradife of fools ; 
Peace without laws, and virtue without rules. 

Full of the Roman let the fchool-boy quote. 
And rant all Lucan's rhapfodies by rote. 
Gods ! fhall he tremble at a mortal's nod I 
His generous foul difdains the tyrant's r(3d. 
Forced to fubmit, at laft he taftes the fruit ; 
Finds wealth and honours bloflbm from its root. 
Would thy young foul be like the Roman free ? 
From Romans paint thy form of Liberty : 




The goddefs offers gifts from either hand j 

• Th' aufpicious bonnet, with the PRiKTOn's wand; 
The privilege of that would'ft diou not mils. 
Bend, and fubmit beneath the ftroke of this« 

See Furiolb on his keeper frown, 
Depriv'd the precious privilege to drown % 
Greatly he claims^a right to his undoing ; 
The chains that hold him, hold him from his ruin* 
Kindly proceed; ftridl difcipline diipenfe; 
*Till water-gruel lowers him down to fenfe. 
Why this to me ? am I the froward boy. 

Or knave to wrong, or madman to deftroy?*^. 
Will thy denial prove that thou art none I 
Tis Newgate's logic : thou art all in one. 
Blind to their goed^ to be inftruAed loth, 

* Men ?M but children of a larger growth ) 
If no fuperior force the will controul. 
Self-love's a villain, and corrupts the foul ; 
Wild and deftru^live projefls fire our brains 5 
We all are madmen, and demand ovx chains. 
Know your own fphere, content to be a man ^ 
Well pleas'd, to be as happy as you can : 

« In this inannerthey reprefentl^lBtnTY on their medali. 
^ Drjdcn in All for Love. 

£ 2 Lofe 


Lofe not all good, by Ihunning ills in vain ; 
'Tis wifcr to enjoy than to complain. 
Some evils muft attend imperfcdt dates ; 
But difcontent new worlds of ills creates. 

Hufli thy complaints, nor quarrel with thy God : 
If juft the ftroke, approve and kifs the rod. 
By man if injur'd, turn thy eyes within ; 
Thou'lt find recorded fome unpuni(h*d fin ; 
Then heav'n acquit : and with regard to man. 
Coolly th' amount of good and evil fcan ; 
If greater evils wait the wi(h*d redrefs, 
Grievfe not that thou art free to choofe the lefs. 

Unknown tp courts, ambition's thirft fubdu'd. 
My leflbn is to be obfcurely good : 
In life's ftill fhade, which no man's envy draws, 
* To reap the fruit of government and laws. 
In fortune's round, as on the globe, I know 
No top, 90 bottom, no where high or low ; 
Where-ever ftation'd, heav'n in profpeft ftill. 
That points to me, the zenith of her wheel. 

*' \yhat ! double tax'd, unpenfion'd, unprefer'd, 
*' In fuch bad times be eafy ! moft abfurd !" 

* Legum idcirco fervi fumus, ut liberi eiTe pofTimus. Cic. 


( 69 ) 

Yet heav'n vouchfafes the daily bread intreated ; 
And thefe bad times have left me free to eat it : 
My taxes, gladly paid, their nature fhift ; 
If juft, cheap purchafe ; if unjuft, a gift : 
Nor knows ambition any rank fo great ; 
My fcrvants kings and minifters of ftate ! 
They watch my couch, my humble roof defend ; 
Their toil the means, my happinefs the end. 
My freedom to compleat, convinced I fee 
' Thy fervice, Heav'n, is perfeft I^iberty. 
The will, conformed to thy celeftial voice. 
Knows no reftraint ! for duty is her choice : 
What ills thou fcndeft, thankful I approve. 
As kind correftions, pledges of thy love : 
In every change, whatever ftage I run. 
My daily wifh fucceeds; Thy will be done. 

fjil^eiv. Plut. de Au'it. 

* Moro/ yip A J^S ^ihi^ax yLA^ovii^ £i fiiKovrat ^£^im 


E 3 An 


An E P I S T L E 


Swisj Officer to his Friend at RoMEt 

FROM horrid mountains ever hid in fno^. 
And barren lands^ and dreary plains below j 
To you, de^ fir, my beft regards I feml. 
The weakeft reaibner, as the trwefl- friend. 
Your arguments, that vainly ftrive to pleafe. 
Your arts, your country, and your palaces j 
What figns of Roman grandeur ftill remain -^ 
Much you havt faid ; artd miKrh have faid in vain. 
Fine pageants thcfc {(x Itaves^ to pleafe the eye \ 
And put the neatcft drefs on mifery ! 

Bred up to flav'ry and diflembled pain. 
Unhappy man ! you trifle with your chain : 
But ihoqld your friend with your defires comply. 
And fell himfelf to Rome and flav'ry j 



He could not wear his trammels with that art. 
Or hide the noble anguLfli of his heart : 
You*d foon repent the livery that you gave 5 
For, truft me, I ihould make an aukward flave. 

Falfely you blame our barren rocks and plains, 
Happy in freedom and laborious fwains : 
Our peafants chearful to the field repair. 
And can enjoy the labours of the year ; 
Whilft yours, beneath fome tree, with mournful eyes, 
Sees for his haughty lord his harvefts rife : 
Then (ilent %hs ; but flops his flavifh breath : 
He filent fighs ^ for ihould he fpeak, 'tis death. 
Hence from our field the lazy grain we call. 
Too much for want, for luxury too fmaU j 
Whilfl all Campania's rich inviting foil 
Scarce knows the ploughlhare, or the reaper's toil. 

In arms we breed our youth. To dart froni far. 
And aim aright the thunder of the war ; 
To whirl the faulchion, and direft the blow ; 
To ward the ftroke, or bear upon the foe. 
Early in hardlhips through the woods they fly. 
Nor feel the piercing froft, or wintry fky ; ' 
Some prowling wolf or foamy boar to meet. 
And ftretch the panting favage at their feet : 

E 4 Inur'd 

( 70 

Inur'd by this, they feck a nobler war. 
And (hew an honeft pride in every fear ; 
With joy the danger* and the blood partake, 
Whilft every wound is for their country's fake. 
But you, foft warriors, forc'd into the field. 
Or faintly ftrike, or impotently yield ; 
For well this univerfal truth you know. 
Who fights for tyrants is his country's foe. 

I envy not your arts, the Roman fchools. 
Improved, perhaps, but to inflave your fouls. 
May you to ftone, or nerves or beauty give. 
And teach the foft'ning marble how to live ; 
May you the pafllons in your colours trace. 
And work up every piece with every grace ; 
In airs and attitudes be wond'rous wife. 
And know the arts to pleafe, or to furprize ; 
In mufic's fofteft found confume the day. 
Sounds that would melt the warrior's foul away: 
Vain eflTorts thefe, an honeft fame to raife ; 
Your painters, and your eunuchs, be your praife : 
Grant us more real goods, you heav'nly powers ! 
Virtue, and arms, and liberty be ours. 

Weak are your offers to the free and brave ; . 
No bribe can purchafe me to be a Qavc* 



Hear me, ye rocks, ye mountains, and 3fe plains, 
The happy bounds of our Helvetian fwains ! 
In thee, my country, will I fix my feat ; 
Nor envy the poor wretch, that would be great z 
My life and arms I dedicate to thee ;— 
For, know, it is my intVeft to be free. 

LIFE burthenfbme, becaufe we know not 

how to ufe it. 


T XT HAT, fir, — a month, and not one line afford ! 
'Tis well : — how finely fome folk keep their word ! 
I own my promife. — But to ileal an hour, 
'Midft all this hurry — 'tis not in my powV, 
Where life each day does one fix'd order keep, 
Succeffive journies, wearinefs and fleep. 
Or if our .fcheme fome interval allows, 
Some hours defign'd for thought and for repofe •, 
Soon as the fcattcr'd images begin 
In the mind to rally — company comes in : 


RcaloB, idieu I thei^e's no mprc room to think } 
For all the day behind is npUe am} drinjc. 
Thus life rolls on, but not without regret ^ 
Whene'er at morning, in fome cool retreat 
I walk alone : — r- 'tis then in thovght I view 
Some fage of old ^ 'tis then I thiiJc of you : 
Whofe breaft no tyrant paffions ever feize, 
No pulie that riots, blood that difobeys ; 
Who follow but where judgment points the way. 
And whom too bufy fenfe ne'er led aftray. 
Not that you joys with moderation ftiun -, 
You tafte all pleafures, but indulge in none, 
Fir'd by this image, I refolve anew : 
.*Tis reafon calls, and peace and joy's in view. 
How blefs'd a change ! a long adieu to feofe : 
O ihield me, fapience \ virtue's reign commence I 
Alas, how Ihort a reign ! — the walk is o'er. 
The dinner waits, and friends fome half a fcore : 
At firft to virtue firm, the glafs I fly 5 
'Till fome fly fot, — " Not drink the family !'* 
Thus gratitude is made to plead for fin ; 
My trait'rous breaft a party fopms within : 
And inclinarion brib'd, we never want 
Excufe — " 'Tis hot, and walking makes one faint.'* 



Tow fcnfe gets ftrength j my bright refolves dec^y. 
Like ftars that melt at the approach of day : 
Thought dies 5 andcv'n, atlaft, your image fades away. 
S/ly head grows warm ^ all reafon I defpife : 
* To-day be happy, and to-morrow wife !'* 
Betra/d fo oft, Fm half perfuaded now. 
Surely to failj the firft ftep is to vow. 

The country lately, 'twas my wilh : oh there f 
Garden'^, diverlions, friends, relations, air: 
For London now, dear London, how I bum ! 
[ muft be happy, fure, when I return; 
Whoever hopes true happinefs to fee, 
Hopes for what never was, nor e'er will be : 
The neareft cafe, fince we muft fuffer ftill. 
Are they, who dare be patient under ill. 

Whilom a fool law where a fiddle lay : 
And after poring round it, ftrove to play : 
Above, below, acrols, all ways he tries i 
He tries in vain, 'tis d^cord aU and noife : 
Fretting Jie threw it by : then thus the lout ; 
" There's mulic in it, could I fetch it out." 
If life does not its harmony impart. 
We want not inftruments, but have not art. 
'Tis endlefs to defer our hopes of eafc, 
J rill croflcs end, and difappointments ceafct 



The fagc is happy, not that all goes right. 
His cattle feel no rot, his corn no blight ; 
The mind for eafe is fitted to the wife. 
Not fo the fooFs ; — 'tis here the difference lies 

Their profpeft is the fame, but various are their 


4Bh 7Bp <Gp <B^ ^Eb ^Eb 4d fES ^S %Bd cBp wp wk uF %m sub cp <Gp gx c9b 4up <Ed ibS aHb oBk 



The Duty of Employing one's Self. 


TJ^EW people know it, yet, dear fir, 'tis true, 
•^ Man fliould have fomewhat evermore to do. 
Hard labour's tedious, every one muft own ; 
But furely better fuch by far, than none ; 
The perfeft drone, the quite impertinent, 
Whofe life at nothing aims, but — to be fpent i 
Such heaven vifits for fome mighty ill : 
*Tis fure the hardeft labour, to fit ftill. 
Hence that unhappy tribe who nought purfue : 
Who fin, for want of fomething elfe to do. 

Sir John is blefs'd with riches, honour, love ; 
And to be blefs'd indeed, needs only move. 
For want of this, with pain he lives away, 
A lump of hardly-animated clay : 


Dull *till his double bottle does him right; 
He*s eafy juft at twelve o'clock at night. 
.Thus for one fparkling hour alone he's bleft ; 
While fpleen and head-ach feize on all the reft. 

What numbers, floth with gloomy humours fills ! 
Racking their brains with vifionary ills. 
Hence what loud outcries, and well-meaning rage. 
What endlefs quarrels at the prefent age ! 
How many blame ! how often may we hear, 
*' Such vice ! — well, fure, the laft day muft be near !** 
T*" avoid fuch wild, imaginary pains. 
The fad creation of diftemper'd brains, 
Difpatch, dear friend ! move, labour, fweat, run, fly ! 
Do aught — but think the day of judgment nigh. 

There are, who've loft all relifli for delight : 
With them no earjthly thing is ever right. 
T' expeft to alter to their tafte, were vain ; 
For who can mend fo faft, as they complain ? 
Whate'er you do, fhall be a crime with fuch •, 
One while you've loft your tongue, then talk too much : 
Thus fliall you meet their wafpifli cenfure ftiU ; 
As hedge-hogs prick you, go which fide you will. 
Oh ! pity thele whene'er you fee them fwell ! 
Folks call 'cm crofs -7- poor men ! they are not well. 


( 78 ) 

How many fuch^ in indolence grown old^ 
With vigour ne'er do any thing, but fcoW ? 
Who fpirits only from ill-humour get ; 
Like wines that die, unleis upon the fret. 

Weary*d of flouncing to himfelf alofte^ 
Acerbus keeps a man to fret upon. 
The fellow's nothing in the earth to do. 
But to (it quite and be fcolded to. 
Pifhes and oaths, whene'er the mailer's four'd. 
All largely on the fcape-goat flave are pour*d. 
This drains his rage -, and though to John fo rough. 
Abroad you'd think him complaifant enough. 

As for myfelf, whom poverty prevents 
From beina: angry at fo great expence ; 
Who, (hould I ever be inclin'd to rage. 
For want of flaves, war with myfelf muft wage } 
Muft rail, and hear ^ chaftifing, be chaftis'd ^ 
Be both the tyrant, and the tyranniz'd •, 
I choofe to labour, rather than to fret : 
What's rage in fome, in me goes off in fweat. 
If times are ilK, and things feem never worfe ; 
Men, manners to reclaim, — I take my horfe. 
One mile reforms 'em, or if aught remain 
Unpurg'd,^— 'tis but to ride as far agair^ 

( 79 ) 

Thus on myfclf in toils I fpend my rage : 
I pay the fine j and that abfolves the age. 

Sometimes, ftiU more to interrupt my ealc, 
I take my pen, and write — fuch things as thefc : 
Which though all <Jthcr merit be deny*d. 
Shew my devotion ftill to be employed. 
Add too, though writing be itfelf a curfe. 
Yet fotn^ difterflpers are a cure for worfe : 
And fince 'midft indolence, fpleen will prevail^ 
Since who do nothing elfe, are fure to rail i 
Man (hould be fuffer'd thus to play the fool. 
To keep fr6m hurt, as children go to fchool. 

You fliould ndt rhyme in fpite of nature ? — True ; 
Yet fure 'tis grtater trouble, if you do : 
And if 'tis laboring only, men profefe. 
Who writes the hdnieft, writes with moft fucccfs. 

Thus for itiyfelf, and friends, I do my part ; 
Promoting doubly the pains-taking art : 
Firft to myfelf, 'tis labour to compofe •, 
read fuch lines, is drudgery to thofe. 


V 8o ) 



An E P I S T L E. 

T^TO fingle rule's more frequently enjoin'd, 

^ ^ Than this -, " Obferve the bias of your mind/' 

However juft by every one confefs*d. 

There's not a rule more frequently tranlgrels'd^ 

For mortals, to their int'reft blind, purfue 

The thing they like, not that they're fit to do. 

This Verro*s fault, by frequent praifes fir*d. 
He feveral parts had try'd, in each admir'd. 
That Vcrro was not every way compleat, 
'Twas long unknown, and might have been fo yet : 
But mufic-mad, th' unhappy man purfu'd 
That only thing heav'n meant he never fhou'd ; 
And thus his proper road to fame neglefted, 
He*s ridicul'd for that he but afFefted. 

Would men but aft from nature's fecret call. 
Or only, where that fails, not aft at all : 
If not their (kill, they'd fhew at leaft good fenfe,— 
They'd get no fame — nor would they give offence. 



Not that where fome one merit is deny'd. 
Men muft be every way unqualify'd i 
Nor hold we, like that wrong-concluding wight, 
A man can*t filh ^ becaufe he could not write. 
View all the world around : each man dcfign'd 
And fumi(h*d for fome fav'rite part you find. 
That, fometimes low : yet this, fo fniall a gift. 
Proves nature -did not turn him quite adrift. i 
The phlegmatic, dull, aukward, thick, grofs-witted. 
Have all fome dumfy work for which they're fitted. 
HTwas never known, in men a perfeft void, 
Ev*n I and T— Id might be well cmploy'd ; 
Would we our poverty of parts furvey. 
And follow as our genius led the way. 

What then ? obedient to that turn of mind 
Should men jog on to one dull path confin'd ; 
From that finall cu-cle never dare depart. 
To ftrike at large, and fnatch a grace from art ? 
At leaft with care forbidden paths purfue ? ^ 
Who quits the road, fhould keep it ftill in view : 
From genius fome few 'fcapes may be allow'd i 
But ever keep within its neighbourhood. 

But C r, faithlefs to his bias fee, 

With giant-fin oppofing heav'n's decree* 

Vol. III. F StUl 


Still fond ^hcrc te fliould'iidt, lie blundcn on 
With all that hafte fbols make to be tindone : 
Want of fliccefe his paffion bfut kugments ; 
Like eiinilchs rage of loVe, fhwh iift^tence. 

*Mongfl: all the inftances of genius croft. 
The rhyhlirig trfbe are thofe who err the moft- 
Each piddling wretch who hath But common fenfe. 
Or thinks he hath, t6 verte fhall rhakc pretence : 
Why not ? *tis their diverfion, and 'twere hard 
If men of their ^ftktes Ihould'be debirr'd 
Thus wealth with thehi gives every thing bdfide i 
As people worth fo'ftliich are cjualifyd : 
They've all the r^quifites for writing 'fit. 
All but that one -^'fbrne little fhai-e of wit. 
Give way, ye friends, nor with fond prayVs proceed 
To ftop the pfogrefs of a pen full fpeed. 
'Tis heav'n, incens'd By fonfie prodigious critne. 
Thus for men's fins determines them to rhjrme. 
Bad men, ilo doubt ; perhaps 'tis vengeance due 
For fhrines they Ve pluhder*d, or fome Wretch they flew. 
Whate'er it be, fure grievous is th' offence. 
And grievous is (heaven knows !) its recompence. 
At once in want of rhyme, and want of reft ; 
Plagues to themfelves, and to mankind a jeft : 


ScducM b) empty forms of falfc delight — 
Such, ia jfoaic incn, their deadly luft to write ! 
Ev*n I, whofe genius feems as much forgot, 
(Mine when I write, as your's when you do not j) 
Who gravely thus can qthers' faults condemn. 
My felf allowing, what I blame m them j 
With no ptcccn(;e .to Phcebus* aid divine, 
Nor.^e leaft int'rcfl: in the tuneful Nine, 
With all the guilt of impotence in view, 
Griev'd for pait fips, but yet conimitting new a 
Whatever the wits may fay, or wife naay ^hink. 
Am fooling eyery yizg with pen and ink. 
, When all whp ^ifli me .beft, . b)egin . t' adyjfe, 

* That bemg wifty, ^is x^qx, t?eipg wife ; 

* That if tjie.ypice of iat'reft might be .heard, 

* For one who wears ^ gowji,— would be preferred— • 
Incorrigibly 4eaf, I feign a yawn \ 

And mock.tjtieir jpft c^ncluiions, ere they're drawn. 

If fp. my, pr^i<:e, they opposed my theme •, 
And pointed,. jipW: I fwam .againft the itTcatn : 
With all the r^CQur pf .a bard in rage, 
I'd quote *em half the ^writers pf the age ; 
Who in a wrath of yerie, with all t;heir might 
Write, on,, hPWe'ervwqijalify'd tojyrite. 

F % The 

( 84 ) 

■ - • 



By the Rev. Mr. Pitt. 

^ I ^ H E Mimic's duftile features claim irty lays, 

'*• Changed to a thoufahd Ihapes, a thoufand ways : 
Who with variety of arts puts on 
All other perfons, and throws off his own ; 
Whofe looks well difciprm*d his will obey. 
Bloom at command, or at command decay : 
Nor blufh, my Mufe, thofe changes to impart. 
Which alk an Ovid's or Apollo's art. 

But who, Apollo, all the arts can trace. 
All the deceits of that^delufive face ? 
For lo ! in fight the various artift comes ; 
JoO ! how in beauty and in health he blooms : 
Its fmootheft charms triumphant youth fijpplies. 
Laughs in hb cheeks, and fparkles in his eyes. 
But fudden fee, the fcene is fnatch'd away. 
See each inverted feature in decay •, • 
His mufcles all relax'd, his face o'ergrown. 
Rough and embofs'd with wrinkles not his own. 



He traik his dangKng legs : the wond'ring train 
Laugh at the folemn condufb of his cane ; 
Rapt through the fcenes of life, he drops his prime ; 
A cripple fixty years before his time ; 
Runs in a moment all his ftages o*er. 
And fteps from four-and-twenty to four-fcore. 

Now he a venerable judge appears. 
And the long garb of lazy purple wears ; 
Like drowfy P * *'s looks his aged frame, 
Hb mien, his habit, and addrefs the fame : 
When to the fneering crowd he lifps a joke, , 

Puns from the law, or quibbles out of Coke ; 
With fettled air, and moft judicious face. 
Nods o'er the cufliion, counfel, and the-cafe ; 
Slumbers, and hears by (tarts the noify .train ; 
Catches a period, and drops down again. 
And now his hearers in their turn to lull, 
Himfelf ftands up moft venerably dull ; 
Talks of oki times j commends their loyal zeal. 
Their wholfome ftatutes, difcipline, and ale ; 
On different themes bcftows one common praife. 
The Thames, the ftrcets, the king, and king's highways. 

You fee him quit the bench, and ftrait appear 
An huge old gouty counfel at the bar ; 

F 3 Bawji 



Bawl for bis dieflt, ^eft tfig idriiir'd 

From their trUe.fehfe; Hid tHinad theiii ib tlie eiiij^s 

In IbleMh fonti hirrangue tfie lUCHiHg crdWd, 

And hem and cough eihiJHatically lotid ; 

Bleft art indeed ! arid glbrioits do()bendr. 

Where emptor ndife fupplibs the WaKt of flahte. 


For meaning, fign^, and niotidns he afibr6^. 
And interjediohi {bi- the #kn^ bf #drds. 
"What Ihape to you, O S • •'s. Is Unkhowh ! 
What face, bUt you addpt ihto yoiir dV^n f 
At the leaft hiht, fiaitidUs tro^ivd^ yd'o Hiife^ 
And multiply ^obHclf ten thoufind way* : 
This momenti to indulge the rriirthfiil vdn^ 
A fool's 6r tfd^tor's jiferibh you fuftaih ; 
The next refume ybVi'rfdf anci fcnfe agam. 

Am I deceived ? or by fbihe fuddien Tftigfit^ 
A ftarch'd tub-p(fcacher ridw he ftrikes the fight, 
(Quick the trahfltion, and unfeen tSife art !) 
Pale arid entirely chJftig*d ih every part, 
His (hort'ned vtfafge, and fkhtaftic drefs. 
The mad fanktic to the life ekprefs i 
That Tmall filk cap ; thofe puritkhic liair^, 
Crop'd to the quick, and circling rouirld his cars ; 
That rounded f;slce dhe Mimic here proclaim, 
Ho)^ very different, yet how "ftill the fame I 


Now he, by juft degrees, his filence breaks ; 
His frantic filence mutt'ring ere he fpeaks : 
Protrafted hums the folemn farce begin. 
And groans and paufes interrupt the fcene ; 
As each in juft fucceffion comes and goes. 
Worked to its pitch, the fpirit ftronger grows. 
And fqueezes out his eyes, and twangs his vocal nofe. 
Now quick "and rapid, an4 in rage more loud, 
A ftorm of nonfenfe burfts upon the crowd : 
His hand and voipe proclaim the general doorn. 
While this the hour-glafs fhakes, and that the room. 
O^ nature's ruins all his doctrines dwell. 
And throw wide open evefy ga|f of hell. 

A thoufand other fl^apcs he wears vfi^h grace ; 
A thoufand more varieties of face : 
But who, in eyeiy JQbiape, can count him o'er. 
Who mulpplie,s his perfon every hour ? 
What Mufe bis flying fc^urcs can purfue. 
Or keep his wandering counte;i^nce in view ? 
Had I a thoufanc^ jtnouths, ^ thoufand tongues, 
A throat of brafs, and adamantine lungs, 
I could not celebrate this Proteus' fkill, 
Who-fliifts his perfon and his face at will ; 
This Proteus, who out-numbers hofts alone j 
A crowd hin\felf ; a multitude in one. 
-4r- F 4 An 




To T. A. Efq; Tutor to the Earl of P- 

Written in the Year 1 74a 
Bjr the Honourable — — — . 

WJ HEN flourifh'd with their ftate th* Athenian name, 

^ ^ And Learning and PoHtenefs were the fame, 
Philofophy with gentle art refin'd 
The honeft roughnefs of th' unpraftis'd mind : 
She caird the latent beams of Nature forth. 
Guided their ardour, and infur'd their worth. 
She pois*d th* impetuous Warrior's vengeful fteel, 
Mark'd true Ambition from deftruftive Zeal, 
Pointed what luftre on that laurel blows. 
Which Virtue only on her fons beftows. 
Hence clement Cimon of unfpotted fame. 
Hence Aristides* ever favVite name ; 
Herofes, who knew to wield the righteous fpear. 
And guard their native tow'rs from foreign fear ; 



Or in firm bands of focial Peace to bind 
Their Country's good, and benefit mankind. 
She trim'd the thoughtful Statefman's nightly oil. 
Confirmed his mind beneath an empire's toil. 
Or with him to hb filent villa ftole, 
Gilded his ev'ning hours, and harmonized his fouL 

To woods and caves fhe never bade retreat. 
Nor fix*d in cloyftePd monkeries her feat : 
No lonely precepts to her fons enjoin'd. 
Nor taught them to be men, to ftiun mankind. 
Cynics there were, an uncouth felfifti race. 
Of manners foul, and boaftful of difgrace : 
Brutes, whom no Mufe has ever lov*d to name, 
Whofe Ignominy is their only fame. 
No hoftile Trophies grace their honoured urn. 
Around their tomb no fculptur'd Virtues mourn ; 
Nor tells the marble into emblems graved, ' 
An Art difcover'd, or a City fav*d. 

Be this the goal to which the Briton-Peer 
Exalt his hope, and prefs his young career ! 
Be this the goal to which, my Friend, may you 
With gentle Ikill direft his early view ! 
Artful the various ftudies to difpenfe. 
And melt the fchoolman's jargon down to fenfe. 



See the pedandc Teacher, jinking duU^ 
The ktter*d Tyrant of a treipbling fchool i 
Teaching by force, and proving by ^ frpwHi 
His lifted fafces ram the leiUbn down. 
From tortur'd (trains of eloquence h^ dr^ws 
Barbaric precepts and unmeaning l^?7s. 
By his own fenfe wou)d Tuj^ly^s word e^ound^ 
And a new Vandal tramples claffi^ ground. 

Perhaps a Bigot to the karne4 pfig^ 
No modem W^^om can his thoughts engage ; 
His little farm by Geoblgic ri^^es he ployghs. 
And prunes by metrp the luxuriftnt boughs. 
Still from AftATVs' fphere or Maro's figns^ 
The future calm or tempeft he divines. 
And fears if the prognostic Raven's foun4 
* Expatiating alone along the dreary cound. 

What fcanty precepts ! ftudies how confined I 
Too mean to fill your comprehenfiye mind : 
Unfatisfy'd witji knowing when or where 
Some Roman Bigot rais'd a Fane to Fear j 
On what green n:icdal Virt,ue Hands exprefs'd. 
How Concord's piftur'd. Liberty howdrefs'd; 

* Etfok in ficc»feciun fpatiatiir arena. Yikc. 



Or mth wife KiU judiciotlfljr deftM^ 
When Pius mArks the hoitonuy coin 

Of C^AkACAtt A, Ot Cf ANtOff III £. 

Thirfting for knowledge^ but to know the righ^ 
Through judgment's optic guide th' illufive fights 
To let in rays on Reafon's darkling cell. 
And Prejudice's lagging mifts dilpel % 
For this you turn the Greek and Roman page. 
Weigh the cbntemphtive and adivt^ Sage, 
And cull fome ufbful flowV from each heroic Age* -^^ 

Thence teach the Youth the neceflary art. 
To know the Judge's from thfe Critic's part 5 
Shew hcfw ignoble is the pafTn^, Fbar, 
And place fome patriot Roman's model near^^ 
Their bright examples to his foul inftil. 
Who knew no Fear, but that of doing flL 
Tell him, 'tis all a cant, a trifle all. 
To know the fbJds that from the Toga fall. 
The Clans' breadth, the Bui,la's golden round. 
And every leaf thit every Virtue crown'd j 
Bot flifc^ how brighter in each honeft breaft 
Than in hefr ftirine, the Goddefs flood confds'd* 

Tell him, it b not the fantaftic Boy, 
Elatfc with poVr and fwell'd with frantic joy, 

4 'Tis 


*Tls not a flavifh Senate, fawning, bafr. 
Can ftamp with honeft fame a worthlefs race ; 
Though the falfe Coin proclaim him great and wife. 
The tyrant's life fhall tell that Coin, it lies. 

But when your early Care fhall have defign*d 
To plan the Soul and mould the waxen Mind i 
When you (hall pour upon his tender Breafl 
Ideas that muft ftand an Age's teft. 
Oh ! there imprint with ftrongefl deepefl dye . 
'The lovely form of Goddefs Liberty. I 
For her in Senates be he traip'd to plead. 
For her in Battles be he taught to bleed. 
Lead him where Dover's rugged cliff refounds 
With dafbing feas, fair Freedom's honefl bounds. 
Point to yon azure Carr bedropp'd with gold, 
Whofe weight the necks of Gallia's fons uphold ; 
Where proudly fits an iron-fcepter'd Queen, 
And fondly triumphs o'er the proflrate fcene, 
Cry» That is Empire ! fhun her baleful path. 
Her Words are Slavery, and her Touch is Death ! 
Through wounds and blood the Fury drives her way. 
And murthers half, to make the refl her prey. 

Thus fpoke each Spartan matron, as fhe drefs'd 
With the bright cuirafs the young foldicr's breafl % 


( 93 ) 

On the new warrior's tcndcr-finew'd thigh. 
Girt Fear of Shame and Love of Liberty. 

SteeFd with fuch precepts, for a caufe fo gooil. 
What fcanty bands the Perfian hoft withftood ! 
Before the fons of Greece let Afia tell 
How fled her ** Monarch, how her Millions fell I 
When arm*d for Liberty, a Few how brave! 
How weak a Multitude, where each a Slave ! 
No welcome Faulchion filPd their fainting hand. 
No Voice infpir'd of favourite Command : ' 
No Peafant fought for wealthy lands poflefs'd. 
No fond remembrance warm'd the Parent's bread : 
They faw their lands for royal riot groan. 
And toil'd in vain for banquets, not their own ; 
They faw their infant Race to bondage rife. 
And fiequent heard the ravifh'd Virgin's cries, 
Diflionour'd but to cool a tranfient guft 
Of fome luxurious Satrap's barb'rous luft. 

The greateft curfes any Age has known 
Have iflued from the Temple or the Throne ; 
Extent of ill from Kings at firft begins. 
But Priefts muft aid, and confecrate their fins. 
The tortur'd Subjed might be heard complain. 
When finking under a new weight of chain, 

^ Xerxes. 



Or more rebellious might perhaps repine. 
When tax'd to dow'r a tided Concubiile, 
But the Ptk& chrifiens all a Right Divine. 

When at the altar a new Monarch koeds. 
What conjured awe upon the people fteals ! 
The chofen He adores the precious oil. 
Meekly receives the folemn charm^ and while 
The Prieft fome bleffed nothings mutters o'^r^ 
Sucks in the facred greafe at every pore : 
He feems at once to Ihed his mortal ikin. 
And feels J>iyinity transfus'd within. 
The trenlblii]^ Vulgar dread the royal No4> 
And worfhip God's anointed more than GocL 

Such Sanation gives the Prelate to fuch ICipgs ! 
So Mifchief from thofe hallowed fountains fprings. 
But bend your eye to yonder, harrafs'd plains. 
Where King and Prieft in one united reigns ; 
See fair Italia mourn her holy ftate, 
And droop opprefs'd beneath a papal weight : 
Where fat Celibacy ufurps the foil. 
And facred Sloth coofumes the pealant's toil ; 
The holy Drones monopolize the fky. 
And plunder by a vow of Poverty. 
The Chriftian Caufe their lewd profeffion taints,i 
Unlearn'd, unchafte, uncharitable Saints. 


( 95 ) 

Oppreflion takes' Rdigion's hftUow*^ iiafti^. 
And Prieft-craft knows to play the ^)ecioti8 gamew 
Behold how eadh elithufiaftic fool 
Of duftSe piety; becomes their tool : 
Obferve with how inuch art, what fine .pretence. 
They hallow ^oppefy and combat Senfe. 

Some-hoafy Hypocrite, grown old in fin, 
Whofc thotight^ of heav'n with his laft hours begiat* 
Couritittg a chaplet with a bigotxare. 
And ifiumblilig fomewhat 'twixt a charm and pi'ayff^ 
Hugs a daWb'd image of his injured Lord, 
And {(\i!t&!tts out on the dull idol-board 
A fore-ey*d -gum of tears-, the flannel Grew 
With cunning joy the fond repentance view. 
Pronounce Him blels*d, his miracles proclaim, 
Teach'the flight crow'd t' adore his hallow'd n^nlc. 
Exalt his praife ibove the Saints of old. 
And coin his -finking confcience into Gold. 

Or Whenfotne Pontiff with imperious hand 
Sends forth his edift to excife the land. 
The tortur'd Hind unwillingly obeys, # 

And mutters curfes as his mite he pays ! 
The fubtle Prieft th* invidious name forbears^ 
Alks it for holy ufe or venal pray'rs 5 


(96) - 

Exhibits all their trumpery to fale, 
A bone, a mouldy morfcl, or a nail : 
Th* iddktrous Devout adore the fhow. 
And in full ftreams the molten oflPrings flow. 

No pagan objeft, nothing too profane. 
To aid the Romifh zeal for Ghriftian gain. 
Each Temple with new weight of idols nods. 
And borrowed Altars fmoke to other Gods. 
Prometheus' Vultur Matthew's Eagle proves; 
And heav'nly Cherubs fprout from heathen Loves 5 
Young Ganymede a winged Angel {lands 
By holy Luke, and diftates God's commands : 
* Apollo, though degraded, ftill can blefs. 
Rewarded with a Sainthood, and an S. 
Each convert Godhead is apoftoliz'd. 
And Jove himfelf by * Peter's name baptiz'd. 
AsTARTE fliines in Jewifh Mary's fame. 
Still Queen of heav'n, another and the fame. 

While the proud Prieft the facred Tyrant reigns 
Of empty cities and difpcopled plains. 
Where fetter'd Nature is forbid to rove 
In the free commerce of produftive Love : 

* St. Apellos. 

^ At St. Peter's an, old ilatue of Jupiter is turned into one of 
St. Peter. 




Behold imprifon'd with her barren kind, 
hi gloomy cells the votive Maid confin'd ; 
Faint ftreams of blood, by long flagnation weak. 
Scarce tinge the fading damafk of her cheek \ 
In vain flie pines, the holy Faith withftands. 
What Nature dictates and what God commands : 
But if fome fanguine He, fome lufty Prieft 
Of jollier morals tafte the tempting feaft. 
From the ftrong grafp if fpme p&or babe arife. 
Unwelcome, unindear'd, it inftant dies ; 
Or poifohs blading foon the hafty joy, 

Th* imperfedt feeds of infant life deftroy. 
Fair Modefty, thou virgin tender-ey'd. 

From thee the Mufe the groffer afts muft hide. 

Nor the dark cloifter's myftic rites difplay. 

Whence numVous brawny Monkhoods wafte away 

And unprolific, though forfworn, decay. 
Britannia fmiling, views her golden plains 

From mitred bondage free and papal chains ; 

Her jocund Sons pafs each unburthen*d day 

Securely quiet, innocently gay : 

Lords of themfelves the happy Ruftics fing. 

Each of his little tenement the Kino;. 

Twice did ufurping Rome extend her hand. 

To rcinflave the ncw-deliver*d land \ 
Vol. III. G Twice 

( 98 ) 

Twice were her fable bands to battle warm'd. 
With pardons, bulk, and texts, and murthers arm'd 5 
• With Peter's fword and Michael's lance were fcnt. 
And whatever ftores fupply'd the Church's armament. 
Twice did the gallant Albion race repel 
The Jefuit legions to the gates of hell ; 

Or whatever Angel, friend to Britain, took 


Or William's or Eliza's guardian look. 

Arife, young Peer! ihine forth in fuch a caufe I 
Who draws the fword for Freedom, juftly draws. 
Refleft how dearly was that Freedom bought •, 
For that, how oft your anceftors have fought j 
Through the long feries of our princes doWij, 
How wrench'd fbme right from each too potent Crown* 

See abjeft John, that vaflai-Monarch, fee 1 
Bow down the royal neck, and crouch the fupple knee ! 
Oh ! proftitution of imperial State F 
To a vile Romifh Prieft's vile ^ Delegate. 
Him the bold Barons fcorning to obey. 
And be the fubje&s of a fubjeft fway ; 
Heroes whofe names to lateft fame ihall fhine, 
Aw'd by no vifions of a Right Divine, 

• Addit & Heraileos Arcus Haftamque Minervse, 
Quicquid habent teloruni armamentaria Coeli. Jvv^ 

* The Pope's Nuncio. 



That bond by eaftern Politicians wrought, 
Which ours have learnt, and Rabbi Dodtors taught. 
To ftraiter banks reftrain'd the Royal Will, 
That great prerogative of doing ill. 

To late example and experience dead. 
See' Henry in his Father's footfteps tread. 
Too young to govern, immature to poVr, 
His early follies haunt his kteft hour. 
His nobles injured, and his realms opprefs*d. 
No violated Senate's wrongs redrefs'd. 
His hoary age finks in the feeble wane 
Of an inglorious, flighted, tedious reign. 

The Mufe too bng with idle glories fed. 
And trained to trumpet o'er the warlike diead. 
The wanton fain on giddy plumes would foar. 
To Gallic Loire and Jordan's humbled fliore ; 
Again would teach the Saracen and Gaul, 
At ^ Edward's and at ' Henry's name to fall ; 
Romantic heroes ! prodigal of blood; 
What numbers ilain'd each ill-difputed flood ! 
Tools to a Clergy ! warring but to feaft 
With fpoils of provinces each pamper'd Prieft. 
Be dumb, fond Maid ; thy facred ink nor fpill 
On ipccious Tyrants, popularly ill ; 

« Henry III. «» Edward I and III. * Henry V. 

G 2 Nor 

( lOO ) 


Nor be thy comely locks with Rofes dight 
Of cither viftor colour. Red or White. ^ 
Foird the affaflin ^ King, in union blow 


The blended flowers on fevcnth Henry's brow. 

Peace lights again on the forfaken ilrand. 

And banifh*d Plenty re^afllimcs the land. 

No nodding creft the crouching infant frights. 

No clarion rudely breaks the bride's delights ; 

Repofing fabres fcek their ancient place 

To briftle round a gaping ^ Gorgon's face. - 

The .wearied arms grotefquely deck the wall^ 

And tatter'd trophies fret the Royal " hall. 

But Peace in vain on the blood-fatten*d plains 

From her exuberant horn her treafures rains : 

She deals her gifts ; but in an ufelcfs hour. 

To glut the iron hand of griping Pow'r : 

Such Lancaster, whom harrafs'd Britain faw, 

Malk'd in the garb of antiquated Law : 

More politic than wife, more wife than great : 

A legiflator to enflavc the ftate ; 

Coolly malicious ; by defign a knave ; 

More mean than falfe, ambitious more than brave ; 

^ Richard III. ' Medufa's head in the armory at the Tow( 
» Weftminftcr-Hall. 


( 10^ ) 

Atuch*d to Intercft's more than Honour's call ; 
• More drift than juft, more covetous than all. 
Not fo the Reveller proflife, his " Son, 

His contrail courfe of tyranny begun ; 

Robuft of limb, and flufh'd with florid grace. 

Strength nerv'd his youth, and fquar'd his jovial face. 

To feats of arms and carpet-combats prone. 

In cither field the vigVous monarch fhone : 

Mark'd out for riot each luxurious day 

In tournaments and banquets danc'd away. 

But fhift the fcene, and view what flaughters ftain 
I Each frantic period of his barb'rous reign : 
j A Tyrant to the people whom he rul'd. 

By every potentate he dealt with, fooPd : 

Sold by one ** minifler, to all unjuft •, 

Sway'd by each diftate of diftemper'd luft -, 

Changing each worfhip that controul'd the bent 

Of his adult'rous will, and lewd intent i 

Big in unwieldy majefty and pride, 

And fmear'd with Queens and Martyrs blood. He dy*d. 
Pafs we the pious ** Youth too flightly fcen ; 

The murdVous zeal of a weak Romifh "* Queen : 

Nor with faint pencil, impotently vain. 

Shadow the glories of Eliza's reign, 

•Henry VIII. • Cardinal Woolfey. p Edward VI. 'J Mary. 

G_3 Who's 

( 102 ) 

Who's ftill too great, though fomc few faults fhc.had^ 
To catalogue with all thofe Royal bad. 


Arife, great Jambs ! thy courfe of wifdotn run ! 
Image of David's philofbphic Son ! 
He comes ! on either hand in feemly ftate. 
Knowledge and Peace, his fondled handmaids wait : 
Obfcurely learn'd, elaborately dull. 
Of quibbling cant and grace fanatic full, 
Thron'd in full fenate, on his pedant tongue, 
Thefe for fix hours each weighty morning hung ; 
For thefe each ftring of royal pow'r he ftrain'd. 
For thefe he fold whatever Eliza gain'd -, 
For thefe he fquander'd every prudent ftore 
The frugal Princefs had referv'd before. 
On penfion'd fycop>hants and garter'd boys. 
Tools of his will, and minions of his joys. 
For thefe he let his beggar'd ^ daughter roam ; 
Bubbled, for thefe, by Spanifh art at home ; 
For thefe, to fum the bleffings of his reign, 
Poifon'd one Son • and t' other fent to Spain. 

Retire, ftrift Mufe, and thy impartial verfc 
In pity fpare on Charles's bleeding herfe ; 

* Qacen of Bohemia. 

* Prince Henry, and Charles I. 


( 103 ) 

Or all his faults in blackeft notes tranflate 
To tombs where rot the authors of his fate ; 
To luftful Henrietta's Romifli fhade. 
Let all his afts of lawlefs pow'r be laid ; 
Or to the * Prieft, more Romifli ftill than her 5 
And whoe'er made his gentle virtues err. 

On the next " Prince, expell'd his native land, 
In vain Afflidkion laid her iron hand ; 
Fortune, or fair or frowning, on his foul 
Could ftamp no virtue, and no vice controul : 
Honour, or morals, gratitude, or truth. 
Nor Icam'd his ripen*d age, nor knew his youth ; 
The care of Nations left to whores or chance, 
Plund'rcr of Britain, penfioner of France ; * 

Free to buffoons, to minifters deny'd, 
He liv'd an atheift, and a bigot dy'd. 

The reins of Empire, or refign-d or dole. 
Are trufted next to James's weak controul ; 
Him, meditating to fubvcrt the laws. 
His Hero "* Son in freedom's beauteous caufc 
Rofe to chaftife : '^ unhappy ftill ! howe'er 
Pofterity the gallant adlion bear. 

« Archbifhop Laud. • Charles 11. "^ William III. 
* lafelix utcamc[ue fcrent ck fafta miaores ! Virc. 

G 4 Thus 

( 104 ) V 

Thus have I try'd of Kings and Priefts to fing. 
And all the ills that from their vices fpring ; 
While viftor George thunders o'er cither Spain, 
Revenges Britain and aflerts the Mam ; 
To ^ willing Indians deals our equal laws. 
And from his Country's voice aflfefts applaufe; 
■ What time fair Florence on her peaceful ihore, ' 
Free from the din of war and battle's roar, * 
Has lap'd me trifl^r in inglorious eaie, < 
Modelling precepts that may ferve and pleafe i 
Yours is the tafk — and glorious is the plan. 
To build the Free, the SenfiUe, Good Man, 

CS ^S ^S O ^9 CS Sf ■» CS s9 Tn IB Wk «S CS O ^X ^s C> ^S ^S CS ^9 ^S ^X 


An Epistle to Mr. Eckardt the Painter^ 

DEfponding artift, talk no more 
Of Beauties of the days of yore. 
Of Godde^es renowned in Greece, 
And Zeuxis* compofition-piece, 


Per populQs dat jura viamqoe afTcflat Olympo* Vino. 
« Illo Virgilium xnc tempore dulcis alebat 
parthenope, ftudiis florentem ignobiiis oti* Virc. 


' ( 105 ) 

Where every nymph that could at mdl 

Some fingle grace or feature boaft. 

Contributed her favourite charm j 

To perfeft the ideal form. 

•Twas Cvnthia's brow, 'twas Lesbia's eye, 

*Twas Cloe's cheeks* vermilion dye ; 

RoiTAKA lent the noble air, 

Difhevell'd flowed* Asp asia's hair. 

And Cupid much too fondly prefs'd 

His mimic mother Thais' bread:. 

Antiquity,"^ hew poor thy ufe ! 

A fingle Venus to produce ! 
.^y Jf (jeod £^dprdti ancient ftory quit. 

Nor mind whatever Pliny writ ; 

Felihien and Frefhoy declaim. 

Who talk of Raphael's matchlefs fame. 

Of Titian^s tints, Corregio*s grace, 
, And Carlo's each Madonna face. 

As if no Beauties now were made. 

But Nature had forgot her trade. 

'Twas Beauty guided Raphael's line 

From heavenly Women, flyPd divine \ 
They warm'd old Titian's fancy too. 

And what he could DOt ufke he drew : 


( io6 ) 

Think you Devotion warm'd his breaft 
When Carlo with fuch looks expre{s*4 
His virgins, that her vot'rics feel 
Emotions — not, Tm iure, of zeal ? 

la Britaki's ifle obferve the Fair, 
And curious chocde your models there ; 
Such patterns as fhall raife your nanie 
To rival fwcet Corregio's fame : 
Each fingle piece SpaH be a teft, 
And Zeuxis* patchwork be,a jeft ; 
Who ranfack*d Greece, and cuU'd the age 
To bring one Goddefs on the ftage : 
On your each canvais we'll admire 
The charms of the whole heav'nly choir. 

Majeflic Juno fhaU be feen 
In ' Harvey's glorious aweful mien. 
Where ^ Fitzroy moves, refplendent Fair ; 
So warm her blopm, fublime her air j 
Her ebon trefles, formed to grace. 
And heighten while they (hade her face : 
Such troops of martial youth around, 
Who court the hand that gives the wounds 

• Mifs Harvey, now Mrs. Phippa* 
^ Lady Caroline Fitzroy. 


( 107 ) 

'Tis Pallas, Pallas ftands confds'd. 

Though *" Stanhope's more than Paris bielsM. 

So ^ Cleveland flione ki warlike pride. 

By Lel/s pencil deify'd : 

So * Grafton, matchlefs dame, commands 

The faireft work of Itneller's hands : 

The blood that warm*d each amorous courts 

In veins as rich ftill loves to fport : 

And George's age beholds reftor'd. 

What William boafted, Charles ador*d. 

For Venufes the Trojan ne'er 
Was half fo puzzled to declare : 
Ten Queens of Beauty, fure I fee I 
Yet fur? the true is ^ Emily : 
Such majefty of youth and air. 
Yet modeft as the viUi^ fair : 
Attradling all, indulging none. 
Her beauty like the glorious Sun 
Thron'd eminently bright above. 
Impartial warms the world to love. 

< Lord Peterfliam. 

* The Duchefs of Cleveland like Pallas, among the beaaties 
at Windfor. 

* The Duchefs of Grafton, among the beauties of Hampton 

f Lady Emily Lenox, now Coantefs of Kildare. 


^ (108 ) 

In fmiling ' Capel's beauteous look 
Rich Autumn's Goddefs is miftook. 
With poppies and with fpiky corn, 
Eckardt, her nut-brown curls adorn ; 
And by her fide, in decent line. 
Place charming ^ Berkley, Proferpine. 
Mild as a fummer fea, ferene. 
In dimpled beauty next be feen, 
* Aylesbury like hoary Neptune*s Queen, 

With her the light-difpenfing Fair, 
Whofe beauty gilds the morning air, 
And bright as her attendant fun. 
The new Aurora, ^ Lyttleton. 
Such ^ Guidons pencil beauty-tip'd. 
And in etherial colours dip*d. 
In meafur'd dance to tuneful fong 
Drew the fweet Goddefs, as along 
Heaven's azure 'neath their light feet fpread. 
The buxom Hours ihe faireft led. 

The crefcent on her brow difplay'd. 
In curls of lovelieft brown inlaid, 

» Lady Mary Capcl. ^ Countcfs of Berkley. 

* Countefsof Aylclbury. * Mrs. Lyttleton. 

^ G aide's Aurora in the Refpigliori Palace at Rome. 


( I09 ) 

With every chann to rule the night. 
Like Dian, " Strafford woos the fight; 
The eafy ihape, the piercing eye. 
The fnowy bofom*s purity. 
The unafFefted gentle phrafe ] 

Of native wit in alUhc fays ; 
Eckardt, for thefe thy art's too faint : 
You may admire, but cannot paint. 

How Hebe fmiPd, what bloom divine 
On the young Goddeis lov'd to fhme. 
From ** Carpenter we guefs, or fee. 
All-beauteous * Manners, beam from thee. 
How pretty Flora, wanton maid,' 
By Zephyr wooM in noon-tide (hade. 
With rofy hand coquedy throwing 
Panfies, beneath her fweet touch blowing ^ 
How blithe fiie looked let * Fanny tell i 
Let Zephyr own if half fo well. 

Another ** Goddefs of the year. 
Fair Queen of Summer, fee, appear; 
Her auburn locks with fruitage crown'd. 
Her panting bofom loofcly bound, 

* Counters of Strafford. ^ Mifs Carj^tcr. « Mifs Manners. 
f Mir$ Fanny Maccartney. 4 Pomona. 



( '^^ ) 

Ethereal beauty in her face. 
Rather the beauties of her race. 
Whence every Goddefi, envy finit, 
Muft own each Stonehoufe meets in ' Pitt* 

Exhaufted all the heavenly train. 
How many Mortals yet remain, 
Whofe eyes (hall try your pencil's arti 
And in my numbers claim a part ! 
Our fifter Mufes muft defcribe 

• Chudleigh, or name her of the tribe ^ 
And * Juliana with the Nine 

Shall aid the melancholy line. 

To weep her dear ** Reiemblance goney 

Where all thefe beauties met in One# 

Sad fate of beauty ! more I fee, 

Afflifted, lovely family ! 

Two beauteous Nymphs, here. Painter, place. 

Lamenting o'er their ^ fifter Grace ; 

* One, matron-like, with fobcr grief. 
Scarce gives her pious fighs relief; 
While y t* other lovely Maid appears 
In all the melting powV of tears ; 

' Mifs Atkins, now Mrs. Pitt. ' M. Chodldglu 

* L. Tuliana Farmor. " L. Sophia Farmor, Coantefs of 
Granville. "^ Mifs Mary Evelyn. » Mrs. Boone. 

f Mrs. Elizabeth Evelyn. 

^ 4 The 


The fofteft form, the gentleft grace,' 
The fwteteft harmony of face 5 
Her fnowy limbs, and ardefs move 
Contending with the Queen of Love, 
While bafhful Beauty fhuns the prize. 
Which Emily might yield to Evelyn's eyes. 

EPILOGUE to Tamerlane, 
On the Suppreffion of the Rebellion. 

Spoken by Mrs. Pritchard, in the Charafter of the 

Comic Muse, Nov. 4, 1746. 

By the Same. 

T^ R I T O N S, once more in annual joy we meet, 

••^ This genial night in Freedom's fav*rite feat : 

And o'er the * two great empires ftill I reign 

Of Covent-Garden, and of Drury-Lane. 

But ah ! what clouds o'er all our realm impended ! 

Our ruin ardefs prodigies portended. 

The two great empires of the world I know» 

Thb of Peru, and that of Mexico. Indian Emperor. 



( "^ ) 

Ethereal beauty in her face. 
Rather the beauties of her race. 
Whence every Goddefi, envy finit, 
Muft own each Stonehoufe meets in ' Pitt* 

Exhaufted all the heavenly train. 
How many Mortals yet remain, 
Whofe eyes (hall try your penciPs arti 
And in my numbers claim a part ! 
Our fifter Mufes muft defcribe 

• Chudleigh, or name her of the tribe j 
And * Juliana with the Nine 

Shall aid the melancholy line. 

To weep her dear ** Reiemblance goney 

Where all thefe beauties met in One# 

Sad fate of beauty ! more I fee, 

Afflifted, lovely family ! 

Two beauteous Nymphs, here. Painter, place. 

Lamenting o'er their ^ fifter Grace ; 

* One, matron-like, with fobcr grief. 
Scarce gives her pious fighs relief; 
While y t* other lovely Maid appears 
In all the melting powV of tears ; 

' Ui& Atkins, now Mrs. Pitt. « M. Chodldfflu 

* L. Juliana Farmor, " L. So4>Kia Farmor, Coontefs of 
Granville. ^ Mifs Mary Evelyn. » Mrs. Boone. 

f Mrs. Elizabeth Evelyn. 

A The 

( "I ) 

The fofteft form, the gentleft grace," 
The fwteteft harmony of face 5 
Her fnowy limbs, and artlefe move 
Contending with the Queen of Love, 
While bafhful Beauty fliuns the prize. 
Which Emily might yield to Evelyn's eyes. 

EPILOGUE to Tamerlane, 
On the Suppreflion of the Rebellion. 

Spoken by Mrs. Pritchard, in the Charafter of the 

Comic Muse, Nov. 4, 1746. 

By the Same. 


T^ R I T O M S, once more in annual joy we meet, 

•*^ This genial night in Freedom's fav'rite feat : 

And o'er the * two great empires ftill I reign 

Of Covent-Garden, and of Drury-Lane. 

But ah ! what clouds o'er all our realm impended ! 

Our ruin ardefs prodigies portended. 

* The two great empires of the world I know. 
This of Per a, and that of Mexico. Indiaf Emperor. 


( "2 ) 


Chains, real chains, our Heroes had in vieir. 
And fcenes of mimic dungeons changed to true. 
An equal fate the Stage and Brit^ dreaded. 
Had Rome's young miilionary Spark fucceeded. 
But Laws and Liberties are trifling treafures : 
He threatened that grave property, your Pleafures. 

For me, an idle Mufe, I ne'er difTembled 
My fears ; but ev*n my tragic Sifter trembled : 
O'er all her fons fhe caft her mournful eyes. 
And heav'd her breaft more than dramatic fighs i 
To eyes well tutor'd in the trade of grief. 
She rais'd a fmall and welUac'd handkerchief; 
And then with decent paufe — and accent broke. 
Her bufkin'd progeny the Dame befpoke : 
** Ah ! Sons ^ our dawn is over-caft, and all 
** Theatric glories nodding to their fall -, 
" From foreign realms a bloody Chief is come, 
♦* Big with the work of SlavVy and of Rome. 
A general ruin on his fword he wears. 
Fatal alike to Audience and to Play'rs. 

» The dawn is over-caft, the morning lours^ 
And heavily in clouds brings on the day. 
The great, th* important day, big with the fate 
C f Cato and of Rome. C a to. 






For ah ! my Sons, what freedom for the Stage,' 
** When Bigotry with-Senfe (hall battle wage ? 
** When monkiih Laureats only wear the bays, 
*• * Inquifitors Lord Chamberlains of plays ? 
** Plays fhall be damn*d that *fcap*d the Critic's rage, 
** For Priefts are ftill worfe Tyrants to the Stage. 
^y Cato, received by audiences fo gracious, 
** Shall find ten Caefars in one St. Ignatius : 
*' And godlike Brutus here (hall meet again 
** His evil Genius in a Capuchin. 
** For herefy the favorites of the pit 
** Muft bum, and excommunicated wit ; 
•* And at one ftake we fhall behold expire 
** My Ann^ Bullen, and the Spanifh Fryar. 
. *^ Ev*n ** Tamerlane, whofe fainted name appears 
** Red-letter*d in the calendar of play*rs, 
** Oft as thefe feftal rites attend the morn 
*' Of Liberty reftor*d and William born— • 
•* But at That Name, what tranfports flood my eyes? 
** What golden vifion*s this I fee arife ? 
** What Youth is he with comelieft conqueft crown'd, 
** His warlike brow with full-blown laurels bound ? 

« Cibber prefide Lord Chancellor of Plays. Popb. 

^ Tamerlane is always adbed on the 4th and 5th of November, 
Ae Anniverfaries of King William's birch and landing. 

Vol. III.- H « What 

< 114 ) 




Vih» wnacbs are thek that Vii^ry dares to ;^^'^ 
And blend with" trophies of my fav'rite Bpyri f 
Oh !, if the Mufc can happy aught prefage 
Of new deliverance to the State and Stage i 
** If not untaught the charafters to fpcU 
Of all who bravely fight or conquer well ; 
• Thou (halt be William — like the Laft defign^d 
The tyrant's fcourge, and blefllng of mankind i 
Born civil tumult and blind zeal to quelle 
That teaches happy fubjefts to rebel. 
^^ NaiTau himfelf but half our vows (kdUl fh»n% 
** Divide our inceijfe and divide our pray'r ; 
*' And oft as Tamerlane 0iaU lend his fume • "• 
" To fliadow His, thy rival Star fliall claim 
<* / Th* ambiguous laurel and the double namcJ^ 






• Tu Marccllus eris. Virg, 

^ Condicor Iliados cantabitur atque Maronia 
Alcifoiii dabiam facientia carmina palma«i. Juv» 

%^ i. 




LOVER ofNATtJkfi. 
A P O E M. 

By the Rev* Mr. Joseph Warton, 

Written in 15^46. 

Rure veto barharoque Utdtuf. MaHTIAU 

■ 17// mibi devio 

Rupes^ & vacuum mmus 

Mir art libit ! Hon acb. 

"VT^ E grccn-tob'd Dryads, oft' at- dnlky cy6 
■■• By wondering (hepherds fcen, to forefts bWi^Fn, 
To unfrequented meads^ and pathlefs wild. 
Lead me from gardens deck'd with irt's vain ponSp9»^ 
Can gilt alcoves. Can marble-mimic god^. 
Parterres embroidered, obelifks, and tfrns • 

Of high relief \ can the long, fpre^ding laktf. 
Or vifta leflening to the fight ; cafk Stow, 
With all her Attic fanes, fuch raptures raife. 
As the thrulh-haunte4 copfe, where lije;htly leap$ 

H 2 The 


The fearful fawn the ruftling leaves along. 

And the bride fquirrel fports from bough to bougfi^ 

While from an hollow oak, whofe naked roots 

O'erhang a penfive rill, the bufy bees 

Hum drowfy lullabies ? The bards of old. 

Fair Nature's friends, fought fuch retreats, to charni 

Sweet Echo with their fongs ; oft* too they met 

In fummer evenings, near fequefter'd bow'rs. 

Or mountain-nymph, or mufe, and eager learnt 

The moral ftrains fhe taught to mend mankind. 

As to a fecret grot iEgeria ftole 

"With patriot Numa, and in filent night; 

Whiiper'd him facred laws, he lift'ning fat 

Rapt with her virtuous voice, old Tyber Icany 

Attentive on his urn, and hufh'd his waves. 

Rich in her weeping country's fpoils Verfailles 
May boaft a thoufand fountains, that can cafl: 
The tortur'd waters to the diftant heav'ns ; 
Yet let me choofe fome pine-topt precipice 
^brupt and fhaggy, whence a foamy ftream. 
Like Anio, tumbling roars ; or fome black he^h^ 
Where ftraggling (lands the mournful juniper. 
Or yew-tree fcath'd ; while in clear profpeft round. 
From the grove's bofom fpires emerge, and fmoak 



In bluifh wreaths afcends, ripe harvefts wave. 
Low, lonely cottages, and ruin'd tops 
Of Gothic battlements appear, and ftrfeams 
Beneath the fun-beams twinkle. — The fhrill lark. 
That wakes the wood-man to his early tafk. 
Or love-fick Phibmel, whofe lufcious lays 
Sooth lone night- wanderers, the moaning dove 
Pitied by liftening milk-maid, far excel 
The deep-mouth viol, the foul-lulling lute. 
And battle-breathing trumpet. Artful founds ! 
That pleafe not like the chorifters of aif. 
When firft they hail th* approach of laughing May. 

Can Kent defign like Nature ? Mark where Thames 
Plenty and pleafure pours through « Lincoln's nieads ; 
Can the great artift, though with tafle fupreme 
Endued, one beauty to this Eden add ? 
Though he, by rules unfettered, boldly fcorns 
Formality and Method, round and fquare 
Difdaining, plans irregularly great. 

Creative Titian, can thy vivid ftrokes, 


Or thine, O graceful Raphael, dare to vie 

With the rich tints that paint the breathing mead ? 

* The earlof Lincaln't terrace at Weybridge in Surrey. 

H3 The 


The thoufiw4»<»&pr'(i tulips viokf s b^H 
Snow-clad and meek) the yermil-tinftur'd rofis^ 
And golden Cfoc\» ? •— Yet with thcfe the maul^ 
Philljl^ or Phoebe at a feaft or wakei 
Her jettjr Iqd^ enamels -, fi^rer Ihe» 
In innocence and home-i|>un veftmenta ixt&*d^ 
Than if ccerulean raphire$ at her ears 
Shone pendent, or a precious dijimond-croik 
Heav'd gently on her panting bofbm white. 

Yon' fhepherd idly ftretch'd on the rude roclu 
Liftening to dail^ng wave^^ and fea-mews' clan^ 
High hoverbg o'er hi$ head, who views beneath 
The dojphin dancing o'er the level hrine. 
Feels oaore true blifs than the proud adnural^ 
Amid his ve^ls bright with burnifh'd gold 
And filken ftreaqxers^ though his lordly nod 
Ten thoufand war-worn mariners revere. 
And great ^neas ^ gaz*d with more deKght 
pn the rough mountain Ihagg'd with horrid ihades/ 
Where cloud-compelling Jove, as fancy drcam'd, 
pefcending fhoojc his direful JEgis black) 
QThan. if he entered the high Capitol 



On golden columns rear'd, a conqpcrVi world. \- , — 
Exhaufted, to enrich its (lately head. 
More pleas'd he flept in poor Evander*s cott . . 
On fliaggy Ikins, lulled by fweet nightingales. 
Than if a Nero, in an age refin'd. 
Beneath a gorgeous canopy had placed 
His royal gueft, and bade his minftrcls found 
Soft flumb'rous Lydian ^rs, to foolh his reft. 
* Happy the firft of men, ere yet confined 
To fmpaky cities ; who in Iheltering groves. 
Warm caves, and deep-funk vallies liv'd and lov'd, * 
By cares unwounded ; what the fun and Ihowers, 
And genial earth untillag*d could produce. 
They g^ther'd grateful, or the acorn brown. 
Or bluftiing berry -, by the liquid lapfc 
Of murmVing waters, call'd to flake their thirft. 
Or with fair nymphs their fun-brown limbs to bathe ; 
With nymphs who fondly clafp'd their fav'rite youths*, 
Unaw'd by fliame, beneath the beechen fliade. 
Nor wiles, nor artificial coynefs knew. 
Then doors and walls were not-, the melting maid 
Nor frowns of parents fear'd, nor hu(band*s threats ; 

* Sec Lucretius, lib. V« 

H 4 Nor 



( 120 > 

• • 

Nor had curs'd gold their tender hearts allur'd : 
Then beauty was not venaL Iigur*d love, 
O whither, god of raptures, art thou fled ? ^ ! 
While Avarice waves his golden wand around, 
Abhorr'd niagician, and his coftly cup 
Prepares with baneful drugs, t' enchant the £buU 
Of each low-thoughted fair to wed for gain. 
In earth's iiril infancy (as fung the ^ bard. 
Who ftrongly painted what he boldly thought) 
Though the fierce north oft' fmote with iron whip^ 
Their ftiiv'ring limbs, though oft* tlie b^iftly boar 
Or hungry lion 'woke them with their howls. 
And fcar'd them from their mofs-grown caves tocqvc 
Houfelefs and cold in dark tempeftuous nights ^ 
Yet were not myriads in embatteFd fields 
Swept off at once, nor had the raging ieas 
0'erwhelm*d the foundVing bark and fhrieking crew i 
In vain the glafly ocean fmil'd to tempt 
The jolly failor unfufpefting harm. 
For commerce ne'er had fpread her fweUing fails» , 
Nor had the wond'ring Nereids ever heard 
The dalhing oar : then famine, want, and pine. 
Sunk to the grave their fainting limbs i^ but us, 

^ Lucretius* 


( 121 ) 

Difeafeful dainties, riot and exccfi, • .:"! 

And feverifh luxury deftroy. In brakes. 

Or marfhes wild unknowingly they crop*d 

Herbs of malignant juice; to realms remote ^i 

While we for powerful poifons madly roam. 

From every noxious herb coUefting death. 

What though unknown to thofe primseval fires 

The well-arch*d dome, peopled widi breathing forms * 

By fair Italians ikilful hand, unknown 

The (hapely column, and the crumbling bulb 

Of aweful anceftors in long defcent ? 

Yet why fhoidd man miftaken deem it nobler 

T0 dwell in palaces, and high-roof d halls. 

Than in God's forefts, architeft fupreme ! 

Say, is the Perfian carpet, than the field's 

Or meadow's mande gay, more richly wov'n ; 

Or fofter to the votaries of eafe 

Than bladed grafs, perfum'd with dew-dropt flowers ? 

O tafte corrupt ! that luxury and pon^p. 

In fpecious names of polifh'd manners veiled. 

Should proudly banifh Nature's fimple charms I 

AU-beauteous Nature ! by thy boundleis charms 

Opprefe'd, O where fliall I begin thy praife, 

Where turn th' ccftatic eye, how cafe my breaft 



( I2« ) 

That pants with Yfjldi aftonUhm^at and Joy9 t . 
Djirk forefls, and the op'niog lawn, refrefh'd 
With evcr-gu(hing brooks, hill^ meadow, dale. 
The balmy bean-field, the gay-clover'd clofc> 
So fweetly interchanged, the lowing ox^ 
The playful lamb, the diflant water-fall 
Now faintly heard, now fwelling with the fareesse. 
The found of paftoral reed from hazel-bower. 
The choral birds, the neighing fteed, that ihuSs 
His dappled mate, ftung with intenfe defir^ 
The ripen'd orchard when the ruddy orbs 
Betwixt the green leaves Wufh, the azure fkies. 
The chearful fun that through earth's vitak povm 
Delight and health and heat ; all, all confpire^ 
To raife, to footh, to harmonize the mind,. ' 
To lift on wings of praife, to the great Sire 
Of being and of beauty, at whofe nod 
Creation ftartcd from the gloomy vault 
Of dreary Chaos, while the griefly king 
Murmur'd to feel his boifterous power confined. 

What are the lays of artful Addifon, 
Coldly correft, to Shakefpear's warblings wild ? 
Whom on the winding Avon's willow'd banks 
Fair Fancy found, and bore the fmiling babe 


C 1*3 ) 

. To a clofc cavern : (ftill the Ihepherds fhew 
The facred place, whence with religions tLWC 
They hear, returning from the field at eve. 
Strange whiipVings of fweet mufic^ through the air) 
Here, as with honey gathered from the rock. 
She fed the little prattler, and with (bngs 
pft* ipoth'd his wond'ring ears, with deep delight 
pn her foft lap he fat, and caught the founds. 
Oft* near fome crowded city would I walk^ 
Liftening the far-off noifes, rattling cars» 
l^ud fhouts of joy, fad Ibneks of forrow, knells 
FuU flowly tolling, inftruments of trade. 
Striking mme ears with one deep-fwelling hunou 
Or wandering near the fea, attend the founds 
Of hollow winds, and ever-beating waves, 
Ev'n when wild tempefts fwallow up the plains^ 
And Boreas' blafls, big hail, and rains combine 
To (hake the groves and mountains, would I fit^ 
Penfively mufing on th' outrageous crimes 
That wake heav'n's vengeance : at fuch fi^lemn hours^ 
Daemons and goblins through the dark air Ihri^k, 
While Hecat, with her black- brow*d fifters nine. 
Rides o^er the earth, and fcatters woes and death. 
T^cn too, they fay, in. drear Egyptian wilds 


The lion and the tiger prowl for prey 
With roarings loud ! the lift*ning traveller 
Starts fear-ftruck, while the hoUow-echoing vaults 
Of pyramids increafe the deathflil founds. 
But let me never fail in cloudlefs nights^ 
When filent Cynthia in her filver car 
Through the blue concave Aides, when (hine the hills,' 
Twinkle the ftreams, and woods look tip'd with gold. 
To feek fome level mead, and there invoke 
Old Midnight's filter Contemplation fage, 
(Queen of the rugged brow, and ftern-fixt eye) 
To lift my foul above this little earth, 
This folly-fettcr*d world : to purge my ears. 
That I may hear the rolling planet's fong. 
And tuneful turning fpheres : if this be barr'd. 
The little Fayes that dance in neighbouring dales. 
Sipping the night-dew, while they laugh and love. 
Shall charm me with aerial notes. — As thus 
I wander muling, lo, what aweful forms 
Yonder appear ! fharp-ey'd Philofophy 
Clad in dun robes, an eagle on his wrifl, 
Firft meets my eye ; next, virgin Solitude 
Serene, who bluflies at each gazer's fight •, 
Then Wifdom's hoary head, with crutch in hand. 


( "5 ) 

Trembling, and bent with age ; laft Virtue's felf 
Smiling, in white arra/d, who with her leads 
Sweet Innocence^ that prattles by her fide, 
A naked boy ! — Hairafs'd with fear I ftop, 
I gaze, when Virtue thus — ' Whoe'er thou art, 

* Mortal, by whom I deign to be beheld 

* In thefe my midnight- walks ; depart, and fay 

* That henceforth I and my immortal train 

* Forfake Britannia's ifle ; who fondly Hoops • 

* To Vice, her favourite paramour.* — She Ipoke^ 
And as (he turn'd, her round and rofy neck. 

Her flowing train, and long ambrofial hair. 
Breathing rich odours, I enamour'd view. 

O who will bear me then to weftem climes, 
(Since Virtue leaves our wretched land) to fields 
Yet unpolluted with Iberian fwords : 
The ifles of Innocence, from mortal view 
Deeply retir'd, beneath a plantane's (hade. 
Where Happinefs and Quiet fit enthroned, ' 
With fimple Indian fwains, that I may hunt 
The boar and tiger through Savannah's wild. 
Through fragrant defarts, and through citron-groves ? 
There fed on dates and herbs, would I deipife 
The far-fctch'd cates of Luxury, and hoards 


( 126 ) 

Of narrow-hearted Avarice ; nor heed 

The diflant din of the tumultuous world. 

So when rude whirlwinds rouze the roaring matni 

Beneath ^r Thetis fits^ in coral caves. 

Serenely gay, nor fmking failors' cries 

Difturb her fportive nymphs, who round her ibnx| 

The light fantafkic dance, or for her hair 

Weave rofy crowns, or with acoHxling lutes 

Grace the fbft warbles of her honied voice. 


By the Same. 

/^ Parent of each lovely Mufe, 
^^ Thy fpirit o'er my foul diffWc,' 
0*er all my artkfs fongs prefide. 
My fi)otfteps to thy temple guide. 
To ofier at thy turf-built Ihrinc, 
In golden cups no cofUy wine. 
No murder'd fat'ling of the flock, 
But flowers and honey from the rock. 

O Nymph 


O N)rniph widi loofely-flowing htir. 

With bufkitiM kg, said bofom bare, 

Tby waift with myrtle-girdle bound. 

Thy brows with Indian feathers crown'd. 

Waving in thy fnowy hand 

An all-commanding magic wand. 

Of powV to bid frefli gardens blow 

*Mid chearlefi Lapland's barren fnoW", 

Whofe Tapid wings thy flight convey 

Through air, and over earth and fea. 

While the vaft various landfcape lies 

Con(picuc\is to thy piercing eyes. 

O lover of the defart, hail I 

Say, in what deep and pathlefs vale. 

Or on what hoary mountain's fide, 

'Mid fall of waters you refide, 

'Mid broken rocks, a rugged icene. 

With green znd grafly dales between^ 

'Mid fbrefts dark of aged oak, 

l^e'er echoing with the woodman's ftrokC) 

Where never human art appear'd, 

Nor ev'n one ftraw-rooPd Cott was vczi^d^ 

Where Nature feems to fit alone, 

Majcftic on a craggy throne ; 



t^.. i 

( 1*8 ) 

To thy unknowv ftqiDcfter^ cfU,. ..:■ t±X 

Where woodbines plufter. round^^ <lpoiV? Y 

Where (hells and ino& o'erlay tl^ floor» :J^ 

And on whofe top an hawthorn bbws, -^-^r. 

Amid whqie thickly*woven boughs ^; 

Some nightingale ftill builds her neftt ^ 'J 

Each evening warbling reft: j, ^ 

There lay me by the haunted, ftream^ . » 

Rapt in fome wild, poetic dream» . 

In converfe while piethinks I rove ^:^ ^ > 

With Sp£ns£bl through a fairy grove i . ^ 

'Till fuddenly awoke, \ hear ^ . ' 

Strange whifper'd mufic in my ear^^ ^ ' 

And my glad foul in hlifs is drown'd . r' 

By the fweetly-foothing found ! 

Me, Goddeis, by the right-hand' lead, ' x 

Sometimes through the yellow meads 

Where Joy and white-ro.b'd Peacs relent. 

And VENtrs.^keeps her feftiye court. 

Where NJirth and Youth each evening meet, 

And lightly trip with nimble feet. 

Nodding theif lilly-crowned heads. 

Where LAuqiji;gEit.rQ|q-lip'd leads ^. . 

.. Where 

( "9 ) 

Where Echo walks fteep hiUs aihong^ 
Lift*ning to the fhepherd^s fong : 
Yet not thefc flowery fields of joy 
Can long my penfive mind employ^ 
HafVe, Fancy, from thefe fcenes of folly 
To meet the matron Melancholy, 
Goddeis of the tearful eye. 
That loves to fold her arms and figh ! 
Let us with filent footfteps go 
To chamels and the houfe of woe. 
To Gothic churches, vaults, and tombs^- 
Where each fad night fome virgin comes. 
With throbbing breafl:, and faded cheek. 
Her promised bridegroom's urn to feek i 
Or to fome abbey's mould'ring tow'rs. 
Where to avoid cold wintry fliow'rs. 
The naked beggar (hivering lies. 
While whiftling tempefts round her rife. 
And trembles left the tottering wall 
^ould on her fleeping infants falL 

Now IcCAis louder flrike the lyre. 
For my heart gk>ws with martial fire, 
I feel, I feel, with fudden heat. 
My big tumultuous boforn beat ^ 
Vol. III. X The 

/>■ — ^». 

i i30 j) 

The tmfiipet*s dhuigii^ pM'CKjmy-;0ir»j:a // 
A thoufand Widawif.^itieks l.bcor,,;:. ::.raJ[ 
Give me dHotlMv famfe^' I cry^ ^:i . : en // 
Lo! di« bkfe Gai^liit fi)ustd»i«r fi]p( \iiyvi 
Whence is thib rage f •^'wjut^eitv fi^m a^ 
To battle hutrkf liM awftyl • i 

*Tis Fancy, in her fiery €ar» • . .t /•' 
Tranfpom me to tht thkkeft wacv^ ^* o iA 
There whirk We o"fer the hiHt of ^ftrin^^a // 
Where Tumult and Deftradim rctgii i.^i'^nc 
Where mad with pain, the ifOUDdod^edF. 
Tramples the dyteg and die dead i ^ iT 
Where giant TcttW ftattts around^ • O 
With Men joy farvcys the frmmd^ » '•' 
And pointing to th* enfangmi'd fitM^ if 
Shakes his dfea(U\il Gorgon4hield \ : C 
O gukie me from thi^ horrid fbene . /I 
To high-arch'd Walks and allcfys ^een^ ^ 
Which lo^ly Lavra feeks> to Ihuft 
The fervofs of the mid-^ay fon ; 
The pan^'of abfence, O remove^ . 
For thou <:an'ft place me near my love,^ ? 
Can'ft fold in vifionary Wife, " > 

And let m€-thihklfteala-kif% - - ^ -i^I 
- 4. While 


» 1 « ' •• ^ » 

While her ruby tips di^ 

Lufcious neftar's quinteflitnce t 

When young-cyVl S^xnro profufely thtoi^ 

From her green lap tht pink and rofe. 

When the ibft tuttie of the d^ 

To Summer tetts her cender tale. 

When AUTUMN cooling caverns fedh^ 

And ftains with wine \A& joHy checks^ 

When WmTEK) like poor pilgrim old^ 

Shakes hts filvtf beard wkh cddi 

At eveiy&afoii let «ny ear 

Thy folemn ^tfpers) Famgt, hear* 

O warm, enthufiaitic tnaid. 

Without tiiy pow^ut^ Tital aid^ 

That biieathes asi energy divine^ 

That gi^es a foul to every line^ 

Ne'er may I ftrive with lips profane 

To utter an unhailowVl ftrain. 

Nor dare to touch tht facred ftring. 

Save when with ikiiles cheu bid^l: me 6ng« 

O hear our prayer, O hither come 

From thy lamented Shakespear's tomb. 

On which thou lov'ft to fit at eve, 

Mufing o'er thy darling's grave j 

I 2 O queen 

( '34 ) 


Here let me ftop beneath this fpreading bufli^ 
* While Zephyr's voice I hear the boughs amongj 
And liften to the fweet thick-warbling thrufh. 
Much have I wi(h*d to hear her vernal fong» 

The Drjrad Health frequents this haSow^d gr«Vft' 
O where itoay I the lovely virgin meet ? 
From morn to dewy evening wiH I rove 
To find her haunts, and lay an offering at her fiset. 

The Two Beavers, A FABLE. 
By the Rev. Mr. Dvcs, 

^/TpWere well, my friend, for human kind, 
-■^ Would every man his bus'ncfs mind j 

In his own orbit always move, 

Nor blame, nor envy thofe above* 
A Beaver, well adviUic'd in age. 

By long experience rendered fage. 

Was fkiird in all the ufeful arts. 

And juftly deem'4 a beaft of parts i 

Which he apply*d (as patriots lhou*d) 

In cultivapng public feood. 


-»^ ''. ► - . - • . .-'*'' 

— • « • 

f us ) 

This Beaver tm a ceraiin day; 
A friendly vifit. wtnt to pay ^ 
To a young CQufiiv pert and vain. 
Who often royM about the plain : 
With every idle bead conferred. 
Hearing, and telling what he heard 
,The vagrant youth was gone ffom home. 
When thV ancient lage approach'd his dome ; 
Who each apartment view*d with care, 
vBut found each y^anted much repair. 
The walls were crack'd, decayed the doors, 
•^ '' Tfi^ com lay mouldy on the floors ; 
;^hrgugh gaping crannies rufh'd amain 
The bluft'ring winds with fiiow and rain i 

The timber all was Tottein grown, 

In fhort, the houfe, was tumbling down. 
The gen'rous beaft, by pity fway*d, > 

Griev'd to behold it thus decay'd ; 
And while he mourn'd the tatter'd fcene. 
The matter of the lodge came in. 
The firft congratulations o*er> 

They reft recumbent on the floor ; 


When thus the young conceited beaft ^ 

His thoughts impertinent ^xprcfs'd, . . 

I 4 . , . . ,1 long 



4 ft a. \ 

» J* 

■t K 

I long h^ivC'kfM iitnipm^^it^Anfil.rM 'c/3 

The lion growjy.faffrOndlicMiJdndvtd ^n:o?l 

To one pc«d^i^ibrt of ..beifbi* . • 

While h? ariQtjjw fort dcteftiji 
His royal favour chiefiy fiiUs 

Upon the fpecies of jackals t 

They fbare <d^ profiu of his throne^ 

He fmiles on ^m^ and theqfk- alone. 

Meanwhile the fi^iret^s yfefuirace 

He fcarce admits |o fee iii& facr; . . 

Traduc'dj by> lies and ill report^ . 

They're hapi&'d froni his regal cdurt^' 

And comted, over all the plains 

Oppofers of ^hc lion's reign. ' 

Now I conceived a fchenie laft night; 

Would do^btkfs fet this nnacter right : 

Thefe parties (hould unite together % 

The lion partial be to neither. 

But let thern both his favours (hare. 

And both confult in peace and war. 

This method (were this method try'd) 

Would fpread politic bafis wide. 

And on a bottom broad and ftrong. 

Support the Ibcial union long — 



But unde^^iiiifDl^'Nimich I fiter. 
Some haveabusU'thelkm's ear ; 
He liilens to the! leopard^^ tbngUe ; 
That curfed leopard leads him i^rrong : 
Were he but bam(hM far away ■■■ ' ■ 
You don*t attend to what I fay ! 

Why italljT) couz, the fage rgoin'd. 
The rain a^ fnow, and driving wihd. 
Beat through with fuch prodigious forces 
It made me derf ft> your difcourfc. 
Now couz, werottiy advice purfu'd, 
(And fvH«'I mean it for your good) 
Methinks you ftiould this houfe repair ; 
Be this your firft and chiefeft care/ 
Your SkUi the voice of prudence calls 
To ftop diefe crannies in the walls. 
And prop the roof before it falls. 
If you this needful tafk perform. 
You'll make your manfion dry and warm j 
And we may then converfe together. 
Secure from this tempeftuous weathen 


4" ' 


» ■' • 

I • 


I long have-j^iiM 6ii9inz'(ittxr£ivij:;r:tr luE 
The lion gro^ftTpriKcJndficMiJdndvtd ^nioS 
To one pe^pl^i^ fort ef*lbi» . ' ^^ i jH 

While hf a|¥>tJ)eF fort ^lotiefti }- > ; -k^T 


His royal favour chiefly fiU$ ' ^/ 

Upon the fpccia of jack-^alls t . .^i 

They Ihare .th^ profits of ius throne^ . . ' 
He fmiies on ^m, and theqitr silone* . /^ 
MeaA while the feiret^s yfefui/race 
He fcarce admits^ |o fee iii& fiicr; . . 
Traduc'dj by 4ie$ and iU report^ ^ 
They're hapifo'd fix)ni his regal cdurt,* '. 
And comted, over all the plains 
Oppofers of the lion's reign. * ^ 

Now I conceiv'd a fcheme laft night; 
Would doi^btlefs fet this nutter right : 
Thefe parties (hould unite together ; 
The lion partial be to neither. 
But let thein both his favours (hare. 
And both confult in peace and war. 
This method (were this method try'd) 
Would fpread politic bafis wide. 
And on a bottom broad and flrong. 
Support the focial union long — 



But voiditf mnalii Nimioh I ftwr^ 
Some haveabiisld the Ikm'seiir; 
He liilens to theieopard'» tcingile ; 
That curfed leopard lead^ him i^rrong : 
Were he but bam(hM far away — ~- 
You don't attend to what I fay ! 

Why itaUy; couz, the fage rcjoin'd. 
The rain and fnow, and driving wind. 
Beat through with fuch prodigious force^ 
It made me dcrf to your difcourfe. 
Now couz, werottiy advice purfu'd, 
(And fvBV'i mean it for your good) 
Methinks you ftiould this houfe repair ; 
Be this your firft and chiefeft care* 
Your &ill the voice of prudence calls 
To ftop thefe crannies in the walls. 
And prop the roof before it falls. 
If you this needful tafk perform. 
You'll make your manfion dry and warm ; 
And we may then converfe together. 
Secure from this tempcftuous weather* 


' T • ' -^ ■ I 


.. ' -i .1 


By the Same. 

» * 

FArewel afpinng thoughts^ no more 
My foul {ball leave the peaceful fhore^l 
To fail Ambition*! main ; 
Fallacious as the harlot's kif% 
You promifc me uncertain blifs. 
And give me certain pain. 

A beauteous profpeft firft you (hew. 
Which eic furvey*d you paint ancw» 

And paint it wond'rous pleaTant : 
This in a third is quickly loft : 
Thus future good we covet moft. 

But ne'er enjoy the prefcnt. 

Deluded on from fcene to fcene. 
We never end, but ftill begin. 
By flattVing Hope betray'dj 

f. ; .f 


: 'i 't 

( ^39 ) 

Fm weary of the painful chace, 
li4(r«Dtihets nm dm endkis raoc 
To catch a flying Ihade. 

X^et others boaft their iifelefs wealth ) 
Have I not honefty and health ? 

Which riches cannot give : 
Let others to preferment (bar. 
And, changing liberty for powV, 

In golden (hackles ltvc« 

^Tis time, at length, I fhould be wifCy 
*Tis time to feek fubftantial joys ; 

Joys out of Fortune's pow'r : 
Wealth, honours, dignities, and fame^ 
Are toys the blind capricious dame 

Takes from us every hour* 

Come, confcious Virtue, fill my breaft. 
And bring Content, thy daughter, drefs'd 

In ever-finiling charms : 
Let facred Friendfhip too attend ; 
A friendlhip worthy of my friend, 

Siich as noy L,j^uvs warms. 


( HO ) 

•- '•' 1 • 1- f 

'w^ n) 

With thcfc rii in my bofoni Wake 
' A bulwark Fortune cannot ihake. 

Though all her ftorms arifc ; 
Look down and pity gilded flavcs, 
Defpife Ambition's giddy knaves. 

And wifh the Fools were wife. 

Tbc Education of ACHILLE*^ 



A H me ! is all our pleafure mix'd with \iroc ! 

^ ^ Is there on earth no happinefs finceri ? ' * 
Muft e*en this bitter ftream of forrow flow 

From jo/s domeftic fpring, our children dear ? 
How oft did Thetis drop the filver tear, 

When with fond eyes (he view'd her darling boy ! 
How oft her breaft heav*d with prefaging fear. 
Left vice's fecrct canker (hould annoy 
Fair virtue's op'ning bud, and all her hopes deftroy ! 

At length, fo Nereus had her rightly taught. 

That dpubtful cares might eat her heart no more. 
Her imp.'in prattling infancy fhe brought 
To the fam'd Centaur, on mount Pclion hoar, 



( H}) 

Hight Chiron, whoniL to, Saturn PJbyrra b9tP a 

Chiron, whqfc lyifdom flour^fh'd 'boye hi^ jpecrs, 
In every goodly thcw, and virtypus lo!:Ct 
To principle his yet untainted years 5 
The feed that's early fown, the faireft harveft bcfU^. 

IlL . 
Far in the covert of a bufliy wood, 
^ "^ %fcBf e aged trees their ftar-proof brancti 
-A.;gKptti vijdi grey mols ever droppmg ftbod 5 ^ 
Nc coftly gcnis the fparkling roof difplay*d, 
Nc cryftal fquares the pavement rich inlaid, 

^ But 9'er the pebbles, dear with glafly (hinc^ 
A linipW ftream in foothing murmurs ftray'dl . 
And all-around the flooring eglantine r j ^ 
It| txd^y. tendrils fpread in njaay a wanton twltHf. 

, A lowly habitation, weU I ween. 

Yet facred made by men erf mickle fame. 
Who there in precepts wife had leflbiy'd been-,: 
Chs^ Pclcus, confort of the fea-born dame, 
Sage -ffilfculape, who could the vital flame 

(Bleft leach !). relumine by h^s itcaling (kill ; ;, 
And Jafon, who, his father's crown to daini, 
Defccnded dreadful from the oraggy hill^ , ; , 
And wi^h Importance ftcm did falfc ufurpcr thrill. 

••"A. ; 

. I • : 




( H« ) 

Faft by the care z diimfel ^ms ypigfat, '^ 

Afraid from tacth her bluAiifig looks Co tear^ ' 

Left aughc indecent ihoiild ofiend her fi^it»* ' 

Left eught indecent ihotiid offend her ear 4 ' 

Yet would fhe fometimes deign at fober chear 

Softly to fmtle, but erer held it fliaaie 

Hk mirth of fouLtnoudi'd ribaldry to but/ 

A ctudous nymph, and Modzstv hctmanH'' 

Ah ! who but churliih caile would faint fo pott 4fdame? 

VL ■> 

With her (ate TBMPxitAKCB) eompamoniM^ 

Plucking from tree-en bou^ her &nple iMfd^ 

And pointing to anum befide her Aet, 

' FiiiM mdk the cryftal of the Krbt^eifiNAe IImA t ' 

"With her was feen, of grave and aweful mood. 

Hoary Fidewty, a matron ibud; 

And iweet Bensvolince, who fmiling ftoodl, 

Wiilft at her hrcaft two fondling infants played. 

And turtles, billing ibft, cooM thio' the echoing glade. 


Ob t'other fide, of bokl and open air. 

Was a fair perfi>nage hight ExEftcfSfi % 

Reclin'd he feem'd upon lus rough boar-fpeaf^ 

As late iiirceas*^ fiioin hardy enterprise % 


i M3 ) 

(For Sloth inglorious diiVhc aye defpife) 

FrcAi glow'fl his cheek mtlr health's Termilids €ye, 
Qn^kis fledt brow the fwtUui^ fweat-drops rife« 
Aod oft around he darts his glowing eye 
To Tieir.kii weli-breath'd hotmds^. fiiU jolfy ooflQpany. 

Not far away was fage Expsrisncb plac'd» 

Witkcate^kaat brow, fix*d kx>ks, and fbber plight, 
VNvibweighiRS well the prcftnt with the paft^ . 
j:ni>Qf 'cnmr^acoidcBt oould read aright. ^ 

With him was rev'rend Contemplation pight, 
Awf^feme with eld* his beard of fnowy hue^' 

StiU with fiiarp ken the eagle he'd purfue^ h 
As tliy^^tba fauBoom air to heav'n's bright bowr*s (he flew. 

Here the fond, parent left her darling Care» 

Yf^.foftly breath'd a ligh as (he withdrew \ ,}\ 
Htfft t^e young heroi ev'n from tender year^ 
.,,£ftfopQB imbib'd Inftruftion's hpny'd dew, , 
(For well to file his tongue, fage Chiron knew) 

And learnt to dUdpline l^s life aright i , 

To pay to pow'rs llipreme a reverence due^ 
Chief to Saturnian Jove, whofe dreaded might 
Wiftgs throughdi^(«d clouds the .bik'ong ligbf 'ning's 
flight. X. Aye 



Aye was the tripling nont^ tre manioghig^^ 

Had rear'd o'er eaftern waves her vofy codc^ 
To grafp widi tender hand the pointed ifCKp . 

. And beat the thidcet where the boar's fell 
Enfhrouded lay, or lion's tawny feed. 

Oft would great Dian, with her woody tndf% 
Stop in mid chace to wonder at his fpeed^ 

Whilft up the hill's rough fide ihe &w him ftrain^ 
Or fweep with winged feet along the level plain* 

And wheti dun {hades had blent the day's bn^t eye. 

Upon his fhoulders, with flow ftagg'riqg pioc» 
He brought the prey his hand had done to dk^ 

Whilft blood with duft befprent did foul diigrtor] 
The goodly features of his glowing face. 

^hen as the fage beheld on graflfy foil 
Each panting corfe, whilft life did weU apacey 

The panther of his fpotted pride he'd fpoil^ . 
To deck his fofter fon : fit meed of daring xoSL 

And ever and anon the godlike fire. 

To temper ftern behefts with pleafaunce gay. 
Would touch (for well he could) the filver lyre 5 

So fweedy ravifli'd each enchanting lay. 


( Hi ) 

That Pan, in fcornful wife, would fling away 

His nSHc pipfc,* m<f cv*n the facfed trairt " ' ' 
Wculid leave Aeir lov'd Pamafs* in trim array, 
Afffildiou^'t their own Apollo once again 
OAfUfi Ks attentive flock, a fimple fhepherd fwain. 

Atiff tvcr and anon of worthies old, rj^^^ forced 
Whofepraife Fame's trump thro* earth's wide bounds 
1^ fife'his mind tt) brave exploits, he told; * 
Ptfitheds, known ibr proweft hardy-head ; 
Thefeus, whofe wrath the dire Procruftes fled ; 
'" AsA Herctiles, whorti trembling Lerna fear'd, 
VWiim Hydra'fell, in loathlbilie marihcs bred. 
In vain againft the fon of Jove uprear'd 
H6adi|)routingimder head,by thrillantfaulchion Ihear'd. 

The ftem-brow'd boy in mute attention ftood. 
To hear the fage relate each great emprife ; 
Then ftrode along the cave in haughtier mood, 

Whilft varying paflions in his bofom rife,' 
And lightning- beams flafli from his glowing eyes. 
Ev'n now he fcoms the prey the defarts yield, 
Ev*n now (as hope the future fcene fupplies) 

He Jhakes the terror of his heav'n-form'd fliicld, . 
And braves th* indignant flood, and thunders o*er the field. 
Vol.111 K Ktw 


An EPISTLE from S. J. Efq; in the Coun- 
try, to the Right Hon. the Lord Lovelace 

in Town, 


Written in the Year 1735. 

TN days, my Lord, when mother Time, 

•** Though now grown old, was in. her prime. 

When Saturn firft began to rule. 

And JovB was hardly come from fchool,^ 

How happy was a country life ! 

How free from wickednefs and ftrifc ! 

Then each man liv*d upon his farm. 

And thought and did no mortal harm ; 

On moffy banks fair virgins flept, 

As harmlefs as the flocks they kept ; 

Then love was all they had to do. 

And nymphs were chafle, and fwains were true. 

But now, whatever poets write, 
•Tis fure the cafe is alter'd quite. 
Virtue no more in rural plains. 
Or innocence, or peace remains ; 


( H7 ) 

But vice is in the cottage found, 
And country girls are oft unfound i 
Fierce party-rage each village fires. 
With wars of jufticcs and 'ftjuires 5 
Attorneys, for a barley-ftraw. 
Whole ages hamper folks in law ; 
And every neighbour's in a flame 
About their rates, or tythes, or game : 
Some quarrel for their hares and pigeons. 
And feme for diflfrcnce in religions : 
Some hold their parfon the beft preacher. 
The tkiker fome a better teacher ; 
Thefe to the Church they fight for, ftrangers. 
Have faith in nothing but her dangers ; 
While thofe, a more believing, people. 
Can Iwallow all things *— but a flfeeple. 

But I, my Ix>rd, who, as you know. 
Care little hbw thefe matters go. 
And equally deteft the ftrifc 
And ufual joys of country life. 
Have by good fortune little fharc 
Of its diverfions, or its care ; 
For feldom I with *fquire$ unite. 
Who hunt 1^ day, and drink all night ; 

K2 Nor 

( 148 ) 

Nor reckon wonderful inviting, 
A quarter-fcflions, or cock-fighting j 
But then no farm I occupy. 
With Ihcep to rot and cows to dye : 
Nor rage I much, or much defpair^ 
Though in my hedge I find a fnare > 
Nor view I, with due admiration. 
All the high honours here in fafhion j 
The great commiflions of the quorum^ 
Terrors to all who come before *em ; 
Militia fcarlct, edg*d with gold. 
Or the white ftafF high-fherifFs hold j 
The reprefentative's careffing. 
The judge's bow, the bilhop*s blefling. 
Nor can I for my foul delight 
In the dull feaft of neighboring knight. 
Who, if you fend three days before. 
In white gloves meets you at the door. 
With fuperfluity of breeding 
Firft makes you fick, and then with feeding. 
Or if with ceremony cloy'd. 
You would next time fuch plagues avoid. 
And vifit without previous notice, 
John, John, a coach ! — I can't think who *tis, 


( H9 ) 

My lady cries,, who fpies your coach. 

Ere you the avenue approach ; 

Lord, how unlucky ! — wafhing-day ! 

And all the men are in the hay ! 

Entrance to gain is fomething hard. 

The dogs all bark, the gates are barred ; 

The yard's with lines of linen crofs'd. 

The hall-door*s lock'd, the key is loft: 

Thefc difficulties all overcome. 

We reach at length the drawing-room. 

Then there's fuch trampling over-head. 

Madam you'd fwear was brought to bed ; 

Mils in a hurry burfts the lock. 

To get clean fleevcs to hide her fmock ; 

The feryants run, the pewter clatters. 

My lady dreflcs, calls, and chatters ; 

The cook-maid raves for want of butter, 

Pigsfqueak, fowls fcream, and green geefe flutter* 

Now after three hours tedious waiting. 

On all our neighbours faults debating. 

And having nine times view'd the garden. 

In which there's nothing worth a farthing. 

In comes my lady, and the puddcn : 

You will excufe, fir, — on a fudden -^ 

K 3 Then, 

Then, that wc may have font and four. 

The bacon, fowls, and coHy^flow'r 

Their ancient unity divide. 

The top one graces, one each fide ; 

And by and by the fecond courfe 

Comes lagging like a diftanc*d horfe : 

A falver then to church and king. 

The butler fwcats, the gkffes ring ; 

The cloth removed, the toafts go rouirdt 

Bawdy and pcditics abound ; 

And as the knight more tipfy waxes. 

We damn all miniltcrs and taxes; 

At laft the ruddy fun quite funk. 

The coachman tolerably drunk, 

Whirling o'er hillocks, ruts, and ftoiies. 

Enough to diftocate one*s bones. 

We home return, a wond'rous token 

Of heaven's kind care^ with limbs unbroken. 

Afflid us not, ye Gods, though finners. 

With many days like this, or dinners ! 

But if civilities thus teaze me. 
Nor bufinefs, nor diverfions pleafe me. 
You'll alk, my Lord, how time I fpend ? 
I anfwcr, with a book, or friend : 

4 Th( 


The circulating hours dividing 
'Twixt reading, walking, eating, riding : 
But books are ftill my higheft joy, 
Thefe earlieft pleafe, and lateft cloy. 
Sometimes o'er diftant cUmes I ftray. 
By guides experienced taught the way ; 
The wonders of each region view. 
From frozen Lapland to Peru \ 
Bound o'er rough feas, and mountains bare. 
Yet ne'er forfake my elbow chair* 
Sometimes fome fam'd hiftorian's pen 
Recals pafl ages back agen. 
Where all I fee, through every page. 
Is but how men with fenfeleis rage 
Each other rob, deflroy, and bum. 
To ferve a prieft's, or itatefman's turn i 
Though loaded with a difTrent aim. 
Yet always ailes much the fan^. 
Sometimes I view with much delight. 
Divines their holy game-cocks fight % 
Here faith and works at variance feti * 
Strive hard who Ihall the viftory get i 
Prefbytery and cpifcopacy 
There fight fo long, it would amaze ye : 

K4 Here 

Here free-will holds a fierce difpute 
With reprobation; abfolutes- 
There fenie kicjcs: tranfuhflftntiationy 
And reafoa pecks at revelatioo. 
With learned Newton now I fly 
O'er all the rolling orbs on high, 
Vifit new worlds, and for a minute 
This old one fcom, and all that's in it ; 
And now with labouring Boyle I trace 
Nature through every winding maze. 
The latent qualities admire 
Of vapours, water, air, and fire : 
With pleafing admiration fee 
Matter's fui'prizing fubtlety ; 
As how the fmalicft lamp difplays. 
For miles around, its fcatter'd rays i 
Or how (the cafe ftill more t' explain) 
* A fart that weighs not half a grain. 
The atmofphere will oft perfume 
Of a whole fpacious drawing-room. 

Sometimes I pafs a whole long day 
In happy indolence away, 

* See Boylc*« Experiments. 



In fondly meditating o*er 

Paft pleafurcs, and in hoping more : 

Or wander through the fields and woods. 

And gardens bath'd in circling floods. 

There blooming flowers with rapture view. 

And fparkling gems of morning dew. 

Whence in my mind ideas rife 

Of CiELiA's cheeks, and Chloe's eyes; 

*Tis thus, my Lord, I, free from ftrife. 
Spend an inglorious country life ; 
Thefe are the joys I ftill purfue. 
When abfent from the town and you : 
Thus pafs long fummer funs away, 
Bufily idle, calmly gay ; 
Nor great, nor mean, nor rich, nor pdor. 
Not having much, or wifliing more ; 
Except that you, when weary grown 
Of all the follies of the town. 
And feeing, ia all public places. 
The fame vain fops and painted faces. 
Would fometimes kindly condefcend 
To vifit a dull country friend : 
Here you'll be ever fure to meet 
A hearty welcome, though no treat. 



One who has nothing elfe to do. 

But to divert himfelf and you : 

A houfe, where quiet guards the door. 

No rural wits fmoak, drink and roar ; 

Choice books, fafe horfes, wholfome liquor. 

Clean girls, backganunon, and the vicar. 

To a L A D Y in Town, foon after her 

leaving the Country. 

By the Same. 


T T f Hilftyou, dear maid, o*er thousands bomtoreign^ 
. ^ ^ For the gay town exchange the rural plain, 
Th6 cooling breeze and evening walk forfake 
For ftifling crowds, which your own beauties make 5 
Through circling joys while you inceffant ftray. 
Charm in th^ Mall, and fparkle at the play ; 
' Think (if fucceflive vanities can fpare 
One thought to love) what cruel pangs I bear. 
Left in thefe plains all wretched, and alone. 
To weep with fountains, and with echoes groan. 


And mourn inceflantly that flital day. 
That all my blifs with Chloe fnatch'd away. 

Say, by what arts I can relieve my pain, 
Mufic, verfe, all I try, but try in vain ; 
In vdn the breathing flute my hand employs. 
Late the companion of my Chloe's voice. 
Nor Handel's, nor Corelli*s tuneful airs 
Can hannonize my foul, or footh my cares i 
Thofe once-lov*d medicines unfuccefsful prove, 
Mufic, alas, is but the voice of love ! 
. In vain I oft harmonious lines peruie. 
And feek for aid from Pope's and Prior's Mufe; 
Their trcach'rous numbers but aflift the foe. 
And call forth fcencs of fympathifing woe ; 
Here Heloise mourns her abfent lover^s charms. 
There panting Emma (ighs in Henry's arms^ 
.Their loves like mine ill-£ited I bemoan. 
And in their tender forrows read my own. 

Reftleis (bmetimes, as oft the mournful dove 
Forfakes her neft forfaken by her love, 
I fly fiom home, and feek the facred fields, 
Where Cam's old urn its filver current yields. 
Where Iblemn tow'rs o'er-look each mofly grove. 
As if to guard it from th' afiaults of love ; 


Yet guard in vain, for there my Chlob's eyes 

But lately made whole colleges her prize ; 

Her fons, though few, not Pallas could defend, . . 

Nor DuLNEss fuccour to her thoufands lend ; 

Love like a fever with infeftious rage 

Scorched up the young, and thaw*d the froft of age ; 

To gaze at her, ev*n Dons are feen to run. 

And leave unfinifh'd pipes, and authors — fcarce begun. 

So Helen look'd, and mov'd with fuch a grace, . 

When the grave feniors of the Trojan race 

Were forc'd thofe fatal beauties to admire. 

That all their youth confum'd, and fet their town on fire. 

At fam'd Newmarket oft I fpend the day. 
An unconcern'd fpeftator of the play ; 
There pitilefs obferve the ruin*d heir 
With anger firM, or melting with defpair : 
For how Ihould I his trivial lofs bemoan. 
Who feel one, fo much greater, of my own ? 
There while the golden heaps, a glorious prize. 
Wait the decifion of two rival dice. 
While long difputcs 'twixt feven and Jive remain. 
And each, like parties, have their friends for gain. 
Without one wifh I fee the guineas Ihine, 
Fate, keep your gold, I cry, make Chloe mine. 


Now fee, prepar*d their utmoft fpeed to tiy. 
O'er the finooth turf the bounding racers fly ! 
Now more and more their flender limbs they (train. 
And foaming ilretch along the velvet plain ! 
Ah ftay ! fwift fteeds, your rapid flight delay. 
No more the jockey's fmarting lafli obey I 
But rather let my hand direft the rein, 
And guide your ftei>s a nobler prize to gain ; 
Then ftwft as eagles cut the yielding air. 
Bear me, oh bear me to the abfent fair. 

Now when the winds are hufli'd, the. air fcrene. 
And chearful fun-beams gild the beauteous (bene, 
Penfive o'er all the neighboring fields I ftray, 
Where-e'er or choice, or chance dircfts the way j 
Or view the opening lawns, or private woods. 
Or diftant bluifli hills, or filver floods : 
Now harmlefs birds in filken nets infnare. 
Now with fwift dogs purfue the flying hare ; 
Dull fports ! for oh my Chloe is not there I . 

Fatigued at length I willingly retire 
To a fmall fl:udy, and a chearful fire. 
There o*er fome folio pore •» I pore, 'tis true. 
But oh my thoughts are fled, and fled to you *, 

I hear 


I hear you, fee you, feaft upon your eyen. 
And dafp with eager arms the lovely prize. 
Here for a while I could forget my pain, 
Whilil I by dear refledfcion live again ; 
But ev'n theie joys are too fublime to laft. 
And quickly fade, like all the real ones paft : 
For juft when now beneath fome filent grove 
1 hear you talk — and talk perhaps of love. 
Or charm with thrilling notes the liiVning cauv 
Sweeter than angels fing, or angels hear. 
My treach'rous hand its weighty charge lets go^ 
The book falls thundVing on the floor below^ 
The pleafing vifion in a moment's gone. 
And I once more am wretched and alone. 

So when glad Orpheus from th' infernal (hade 
Had juft recaird his long-lamented maid. 
Soon as her charms had reached his eager eyes^ 
Loft in eternal night -— again fhe dies. 



To the Right Hon. the Lady Margaret 
Cavendish Harley, prefented with a CqI- 
ledion of Poems. 

By the Same. 

fTT^ HE tuneful throng was- ever beauty's care; 

-*• And verfe a tribute facrcd to the fair^ 
Hence in each age the lovelieft nymph has been. 
By undifputed rights the Mufes' queen 5 
Her fmilcs have all poetic bofoms fir'd. 
And patronized the verfe themfeivcs infpir'd : 
Lesbia prefided thus in Roman times. 
Thus Saccharissa reign'd o'er Britifh rhymes. 
And prefent bards to Margaretta bow. 
For, what they were of old, is Hahliv now. 

From Oxford's houfe, in thefe dull bufy days. 
Alone we hope for patronage, or praife ; 
He to our flighted labours ftill is kind. 
Beneath his roof w' are ever fure to find 
(Reward fufficient for the world's negleft) 
Charms to infpire, and goodnefs to proteft ; 


( i6o ) 

Your eyes with rapture animate our lays. 
Your fire's kind hand uprears our drooping bay^, 
Form'd for our glory and fupport, ye feem. 
Our conijbant patron he, and you our theme. 
Where fhould poetic homage then be pa/d ? 
Where every verfe, but at your feet be lay'd ? 
A double right you to this empire bear. 
As firft in beauty, and as Oxford's heir. 

lUuftrious maid ! in whofe fole perfon join'd 
Every perfeftion of the fair we find. 
Charms that might warrant all her fex's pride. 
Without one foible of her fex to hide 5 
Good-nature, artlefs as the bloom that dies 
Her cheeks, and wit as piercing as her eyes. 
Oh Harley ! could but you thefc lines approve, 
Thefe children fprung from idlenefs, and love. 
Could they (but ah how vain is the defign !) 
Hope to amufe your hours, as once they've mine, 
Th' ill-judging world's applaufe, and critic's blame 
Alike rd fcorn 5 your approbation's fame. 



By the Same. 

/T^ O O plain, dear youth, thcfe tell-tale eyes 

•*• My heart your own declare. 
But for heaven's fake let it fuffice 
You reign triumphant there : 

Forbear your utmoft poVr to tryi 
Nor farther urge your Iway ; 

Prefs not for what I muft deny. 
For fear I (hould obey. 

Could all your art fuccefsful provc^ 
Would you a maid undo, 

Whofe greateft failing is her love. 
And that her love for you ? 

Say, would you ufe that very powV 
You from her fondnefs claim. 

To ruin in one fatal hour 
A life of fpodefs fame ? 

Vol. III. 


( i62) 

Ah ! ceafe, my dear, to do an ill ^ 
Becaufe perhaps you may ! 

But rather try your utmoft (kill 
To favc mc than betray : 

Be you yourfelf my virtue's guard. 
Defend, and not purfue ; 

Since 'tis a talk for me too hard. 
To fight with love and you. 

sX <% 9S OS 2p 2S Q^mM C9 a> SS Of SS C£ ^f O Of S9 S£ SS Cs S^ SK .^f 

To the Right Honourable 


On his being inftalled Knight of the Garter* 

By the Same. 

rriHefe trophies. Stanhope, of the lovely dame, 

•*• Once the bright objeft of a monarch's flame. 
Who with fuch juft propriety can wear, 
As thou, the darling of the gay and fair ? 
See every friend to wit^ politenefs, love. 
With one confent thy fovcreign's choice approve ? 
And liv'd Plantagenet her voice to join, 
Hcrfelf, and Garter, both were furely thine. 


( tfij ) 

To a LADY, fent With a Prefent of Shells and 
Stones defign'd for a Grotto. 

By the SamCi 

• • ^ » 

\KJ Ith gifts like thefc, the fpoils of neighboring (horesj ' 

' The Indian fwain his fable love adores, 
OfPrings well fuited to the duflcy fhrine 
Of his rude goddefs, but unworthy mine : 
And yet they feem not fuch a worthlefs pri^^. 
If nicely view'd by philofophic eyes : 
And fuch are yours, that nature's works admire 

With warmth like that, which they themfclves infpitc. 
To fuch how fair appears each grain of fand. 

Or humbleft weed, as wrought by nature's hand ! 

How far fuperior to all human pow'r 

Sjprings the green blade, or buds the painted fldw'r ! 

in all her births, though of the meaneft kinds, 

A juft obferver entertainment finds, 

With fond delight her low produftiohs fees^ 

And how fhe gently rifes by degrees ; 

A fheli, or ftone he can with pleafure vieWj 

Hence trace her nObleft works, the heav'ns-^aiid you, 

L 2 Behold 

( 1^4 ) 

Behold how bright thefc gaudy trifles fhinc^ 
The lovely fportings of a hand divine ! 

See with what art each curious (hell is made^ 

Here carv'd in fret-work, there with pearl inlaid ? 

What vivid ftreaks th* enamel'd ftones adorn. 

Fair as the paintings of the purple morn I 

Yet ftill not half their charms can reach our eyes. 

While thus confus'd the fparkling Chaos lies •, 

Doubly they'll pleafe, when in your Grotto plac'd. 

They plainly fpeak the fair difpofer's tafte ; 

Then glories yet unfeen fhall o'er them rife. 

New order from your hand, new luftre from your eyes. 

How' fweet, how charming will appear this Grot, 

When by your art to full perfeftion brought ! 

Here verdant plants, and blooming flow*rs will grow. 

There bubbling currents through the fhell-work flow; 

Here coral mix*d with {hells of various dies. 

There polifh'd flone will charm our wond'ring eyes j 

Delightful bow*r of blifs ! fecure retreat ! 

Fit for the Mufes, and Statira's feat. 

But flill how good mult be that fair-one's mind. 

Who thus in folitude can pleafure find ! 

The Mufe her company, good-fenfe her guide, 

Refiftlefs charms her pow'r, but not her pride ; 


( '65 ) 

Who thus forfakes the town, the park, and play. 

In filent Ihades to pafs her hours away ; 

Who better likes to breathe frefh country air, ^ 

Than ride imprifon*d in a velvet chair. 

And makes the warbling nightingale her choice. 

Before the thrills of Farinelli's voice; 

Prefers her books, and confcience void of ill. 

To conforts, balls, aflemblies, and quadrille : 

Sweet bow*rs more pleas'd, than gilded chariots fees. 

For groves the play-houfe quits, and beaus for trees. 

Bleft is the man, whom heav'n (hall grant one hour 
With fuch a lovely nymph, in fuch a lovely bow'r. 

To a L A D Y, in anfwer to a Letter wrote 

in a very fine Hand. 

By the Same, 

TXZHilft well-wrote lines our wond -ring eyes command. 

The beauteous work of Chloe's artful hand. 
Throughout the finifh'd piece we fee difplay*d 
Th* exafteft image of the lovely maid ; 

L 3 Such 

( i66 ) 

Such IS her yfit, and fucji her form divine, 
This pure, as flows the flyle through every line. 
That, like each letter, e;cquifitely fine. 

See with what art the fable currents ftain 
In wand'ring mazes all the milk-white plain S 
Thus o*er the meadows wrap'd in filver fnow. 


Unfrozen brooks in dark meanders flow ; 
Thus jetty curls in fliining ringlets deck 
The ivory plain of lovely CwLbE's neck : 
See, like fome virgin, whofe unmeaning charmi^ 
Receive new lufl:re from a lover's arms. 
The yielding paper's pure, but vacant breaft> 
By her fair hand and flowing pen imprefs'd. 
At every touch more animated grows. 
And with new life and new ideas glows ; 
Frefli beauties from the kind dcfiler gains. 
And fliines each moment brighter from its ftains. 

Let mighty Love no longer boafl: his darts. 
That fl:rike unerring, aim'd at mortal hearts '^ 
Chloe, your quill can equal wonders do, 
W^ound fyll as lure, and at a diftance too : 
Arm'd with your feather'd weapons in your hands. 
From pole to. pole you fend your great commands ; 



To diftant climes in vain the lover flies. 
Your pen overtakes him, if he Tcapes your eyes ; 
So thofe, who from the fword in battle run, , . 
But perifh vidims to the diftant gun. 

Beauty's a fhort-liv'd blaze, a fading flower. 
But thefe are charms no ages can devour : 
Thefe, far fuperior to the brightefl: face. 
Triumph alike o'er time, as well as fpace. 
When that fair form, which thoufands now adore. 
By years dccay'd, fhall tyrannize no more, 
Thefe lovely lines fhall future ages view. 
And eyes unborn, like ours, be charm'd by you. 

How oft do I admire with fond delight . 
The curious piece, and wifh like you to write ! 
Alas, vain hope ! that might as well afpire 
To copy Paulo's llroke, or Titian's fire : 
Ev'n now your fplendid lines before me lie. 
And I in vain to imitate them try ; 
Believe me, fair, Pm praftifing this art. 
To fteal your hand, in hopes to fteal your hearts 

L 4 ^hc 

( i68 ) 

Xe'W*'»«?A'sePA'tec?j^?**8C'^^ >t 

The Art of DANCING. A Poem, 

Infcribed to the Rt. Hon. the Lady Fanny FiEtDiNCr 

Written in the Year 1730. By the Same. 

Incejftt patuit lyea. 



IN the fmooth dance to move with graceful mieiiy 
Eafy with care> and fprightly though fereRC, 
To mark th' inftruftions echoing {trains convey. 
And with juft fteps each tuneful note obey, 
I teach ; be prefent, all ye facred Choir, 
Blow the foft flute, and ftrike the founding lyre ; 
When Fielding bids, your kind afliftance bring. 
And at her feet the lowly tribute fling \ 
Oh may her eyes (to her this verfe is due) 
What firft themfelves infpir'd, vouchfafe to view ! 

Hail loftiefl: art ! thou can'fl: all hearts infnare. 
And make the faircfl: ft:ill appear more fair. 
Beauty can little execution do, 
Unlefs flie borrows half her arms from you ! 


1 169 ) 

Few, like Pygmalion, doat on lifelefs charms. 
Or care to clafp a ftatue in their arms ; 
But breafts of flint muft melt with fierce defire. 
When art and motion wake the fleeping fire : 
A Venus, drawn by great Apelles* hand. 
May for awhile our wondering eyes command. 
But ftiH, though form'd with all the powVs of art. 
The lifelefs piece can never warm the heart ; 
So a fair nymph, perhaps, may pleafe the eye, 
Whilft all her beauteous limbs unaftive lie, 
But when her charms are in the dance difplay'd. 
Then every heart adores the lovely maid : 
This fets her beauty in the faireft light. 
And fhews each grace in full perfeftion bright ; 
Then, as fhe turns around, from every part. 
Like porcupines (he fends a piercing dart; 
In vain, alas ! the fond fpefbator tries 
To fhun the pleafing dangers of her eyes. 
For Parthian-like, (he wounds as fure behind. 
With flowing curls, and ivory neck reclin'd : 
\yhether her fteps the Minuet's mazes trace. 
Or the flow Louvre's more majeftic pace. 
Whether the Rigadoon employs her care. 
Or fprightly Jigg difplays the nimble fair. 


( ^7<^ ) 

At every ftep new beauties we explore. 
And worfliip now, what we adcnir'd before ; 
So when -ffineas, in the Tyrian grove. 
Fair Venus met, the charming queen of Love, 
The beauteous goddefs, whilft unmov'd ihc ftood» 
Seem'd fome fair nymph, the guardian of the wood i 
But when fhe mov*d, at once her heav'nly mien 
And graceful ftep confefs'd bright Beauty's queen» 
New glories o'er her form each moment rife. 
And all the Goddefs opens to his eyes. 

Now hafte, my Mufe, purfue thy deftin'd way. 
What dreffes beft become the dancer, fay j 
The- rules of drefs forget not to impart, 
A leflbn previous to the dancing art. 

The foldiers fcarlet glowing from afar. 
Shews that his bloody occupation's war ; 
Whilft the lawn band, beneath a double chin. 
As plainly fpeaks divinity within j 
The milk-maid fafe through driving rains and fnows. 
Wrapt in her cloak, and prop^d on pattens goes -, 
Whilft the foft Belle, immur'd in velvet chair, 
Needs but the filken ftioe, and trufts her bofom bare : 
The woolly drab, and Englifh broad-cloth warm. 
Guard well the horfeman from the beating ftorm. 


( 171 ) 

But load the dancer with too great a y^eight^ 
And call from every pore the dewy fweat ; 
Rather let him his aftivc limbs difplay 
In camblet thin, or gloffy paduafoy. 
Let no unwieldy pride his (houlders prefs ; 
But airy, light, and eafy be his drefs ; 
Thin be his yielding foal, and low his heel. 
So (hall he nimbly bound, and fafely wheeL 

But let not precepts known my verfe prolongs 
Precepts which ufe will better teach, than fong \ 
^or why {hould I the gallant fpark command. 
With clean white gloves to fit his ready hand ? 
Or in his fob enlivening fpirits wear. 
And pungent falts to raife the fainting fair ? 
Or hint, the fword that dangles at his fide. 
Should from its filken bandage be unty'd ? 
Why Ihould my lays the youthful tribe advife. 
Left fnowy clouds from out their wigs arife ; 
So (hall their partners mourn their laces fpoil'd» 
And ihining filks with greafy powder foil'd ? 
Nor need I, fure, bid prudent youths beware, 
X-»eft with crefted tongues their buckles ftare. 
The pointed fteel (hall oft' their flocking rend. 
And oft' th* approaching petticoat offend. 

.4' And 

( 172 ) 

And now, ye youthfiil fair, 1 (ing to you. 
With pleafmg fmiles my ufeful labours view : 
For you the filkworms fine-wrought webs difplay. 
And laboring fpin their little lives away. 
For you bright gems with radiant colours glow. 
Fair as the dies that paint the heavenly bow. 
For you the fea refigns its pearly ftore. 
And earth unlocks her mines of treafur'd ore ; 
In vain yet Nature thus her gifts beftows, 
Unlefs yourfelves with art thofe gifts difpofe. 

Yet think not, Nymphs, that in the glittering ball, 
One form of drefs prefcrib'd can fuit with all ; 
One brighteft (hines when wealth and art combine 

To make the finifh'd piece compleatly fine ; 

When leaft adorn*d, another deals our hearts. 

And rich in native beauties, wants not arts 5 

In fome are fuch refiftlefs graces found. 

That in all drefles they are fure to wound ; 

Their perfeft forms all foreign aids defpife. 

And gems but borrow luftre from their eyes. 

Let the fair Nymph, in whofe plump cheeks is fee. 

A conftant blulh, be clad in chearful green ; 

In fuch a drefs the fportive fea-nymphs go ; 

So in their grafly bed frefli rofes blow ; 


( 773 ) 

The lafs whofe fkin is like the hazel brown, 
With brighter yellow fhould o'ercome her own : 
While maids grown pale with ficknefs or defpair. 
The fablers mournful dye fhould choofe to wear i 
So the pale moon ftill fhincs with pureft light, 
Cloath'd in the duflcy mantle of the night. 

But far from you be all thofe treacherous arts. 
That wound with painted charms unwary hearts. 
Dancing's a touchftone that true beauty tries. 
Nor fuffers charms that Nature's hand denies : 
Though for awhile we may with wonder view 
The rofy blulh, and fkin of lovely hue. 
Yet foon the dance will caufe the cheeks to glow. 
And melt the waxen lips, and neck of fnow : 
So fhine the fields in icy fetters bounds 
Whilfl frozen gems befpangle all the ground. 
Through the clear cryflal of the glitt'ring fnow. 
With fcarlet dye the bluftiing hawthorns glow j 
O'er all the plains unnumber'd glories rife. 
And a new bright creation charms our eyes : 
*TiU Zephyr breathes, then all at once decay 
The fplendid fcenes, their glories fade away. 
The fields refign the beauties not their own. 
And all their fnowy charms run trickling down. 





Dare I in fuch momentous points adviicj 
I fhould condemn the hoop's enormous fize. 
Of ills I fpeak by long experience found, , "l 

Oft* have I trod th' immeafurable round, > 

And mournM my (hins bruis'd black with many a wound, J 
Nor fhould the tightened ftays, too ftraitly lac'd^ 
In whale-bone bondage gall the flender waift i 
Nor waving lappets Ihould the dancing fair. 
Nor ruffles edg'd with dangling fringes wear \ 
Oft* will the cobweb ornaments catch hold 
On the approaching button rotigh with gold. 
Nor force, nor art can then the bonds divide. 
When once th' intangled Gordian knot is t/d : 
So the unhappy pair, by Hymen's pow*r 
Together joined in fome ill-fated hour. 
The more they flrive their freedom to regain^ 
The fafter binds th* indiflbluble chain. 

Let each fair maid, who fears to be difgrac*d^ 
Ever be fure to tye her garter faft. 
Left the loos*d ftring^ amidft the public ball, 
A wilh'd for prize to fome proud fop fhould fall. 
Who the rich treafurc fhall triumphant fhew. 
And with warm blulhes caufe her cheeks to glow. 

But yet, (as Fortune by the felf-fame ways 
She humbles many, feme delights to raife) 


( ^75 ) 

It happcnM once, a feir illuftrious dame 
By fuch negleft acquired immortal fame. 
And hence the radiant Star and Garter blue 
Britannia's nobles grace^ if Fame fays true : 
Hence fKU, Plantagbket, thy beauties bloom^ 
Though long fince moulder'd in the dufky tomb^ 
Still thy loft Garter is thy fov'reign's care. 
And what each royal breaft is proud to wear. 
But let me how my lovely charge remind. 
Left they forgetful leave their fans behind % 
Lay not, ye fair, the pretty toy afide, 
A toy at once difplay^d, for ufe and pride, 
A wond'roHS engine, that by magic charms. 
Cools your own breaft, and every other^s warms. 
What daring bard fhall e'er attempt to tell 
The pow'rs, that in this little weapon dwell ? 
What verfe can e'er explain its various parts. 
Its numerous ufes, motions, charms and arts ? 
Its pamted folds, that oft extended wide, 
Th' afflifted fair one's blubber'd beauties hide. 
When fccret forrows her fad bofom fill. 
If Strephon is unkind, or Shock is ill : 
Its fticks, on which her eyes dejefted pore. 
And pointing fingers number o*cr and o'er. 


When the kind vifgin burns with fecret Ihamej 
!pics to confent, yet fears to own her flame j 
Its fhake triumphant, its viftorious clap,- 
Its angry flutter, and its wanton tap ? 

Forbear, my Mufe, th' extenfive theme to fingj 
Nor truft in fuch a flight thy tender wing ; 
Rather do you in humble lines proclaim. 
From whence this engine took its form and name. 
Say from what caufe it firfl: derived its birth^ 
How. formed in hcav'n, how thence deduced to eardi* 

Once in Arcadia, that fam'd feat of love. 
There liv'd a nymph, the pride of all the groves,' 
A lovely nymph, adorn*d with every grace. 
An eafy ftiape, and fweetly-blooming face, 
Fanny the damfePs name, as chafte as fair. 
Each virgin's envy, and each fwain's deipair j 
To charm her ear the rival ftiepherds fing. 
Blow the foft flute, and wake the trembling flring,' 
For her they leave their wandering flocks to rove, 
Whilfl: Fanny's name refounds through every grove. 
And fpreadson every tree, inclos'd in knots of love; 
As Fielding's now, her eyes all hearts inflame. 
Like her in beauty, as alike in name, 


( ^n ) 

•Twas when the fun^mer fun, now mounted high. 
With fiercer beams had fcorch'd the glowing ^ky^ 
Beneath the covert of a cooling fhade. 
To ihun the hear, this lovely nymph was lay'd •, 

The fultry weather o*er her cheeks had fpread 
A blufh, that added to their native red. 

And her fair breads, as polilh'd marble white, , 

Were half concealed, and half exposed to fight j 

^OLUs the mighty God, whom winds obey, 

Obferv'd the beauteous maid, as thus flie lay, 

Cer all her charms he gaz'd with fond delight. 

And fuck'd in poifon at the dangerous fight •, 

K[c fighs, he burns ; at laft declares his pain. 

But ftill he fighs, and ftill he wooes in vain ; 

The cruel nymph, regardlefs of his moan. 

Minds not his flame, uneafy with her own ; 

But ftill complains, that he who rul'd the air 

Would not command one Zephyr to repair 

'Around her face, nor gentle breeze to play 

. ThrQUgh the dark glade, to cool the fultry day \ 

/By love incited, and the hopes of joy, 
Th' ingenious God contrived this pretty toy. 
With gales inceflant to relieve her flame ; 
And caird it Fan, from lovely Fanny's name. 

Vol. III. M CAN- 


^■]^ O W fee prepared to lead the fprightly dance, 
" The lovely nymphs, and well-drefs'd youths ad- 
The fpacious room receives each jovial gueft, Lvance ; 
And the floor fhakes with pleafmg weight opprefs'd : 
Thick rang'd on every fide, with various dyes 
The fair in glofly filks our fight furprize : 
So, in a garden bathed with genial fliow'rs, 
A thoufand forts of variegated flow'rs. 
Jonquils, carnations, pinks, and tulips rife. 
And in a gay confufion charm our eyes. 
High o'er their heads, with numVous candles bright. 
Large fconces fhed their fparkling beams of light. 
Their fparkling beams that fl:ill more brightly glow, 
Reflefted back from gems, and eyes below : 
Unnumber'd fans to cool the crowded fair 
With breathing Zephyrs move the circling air. 
The fprightly fiddle, and the founding lyre. 
Each youthful bread with genVous warmth infpire ; 
Fraught with all joys the blifsful moments fly. 
While mufic melts the ear, and beauty charms the eye. 

Now let the youth, to whofe fuperior ^lace 
It firfl: belongs the fplendid ball to grace. 


( 179 ) 

With hutnblc bow, and ready hand prepare, . 
Forth from the crowd to lead his chofcn fair ; 
The fair fhall not his kind requeft deny. 
But to the pleafing toil with equal ardour fly. 

But ftay, rafli pair, nor yet untaught advance, 
Firft hear the Mufe, ere you attempt to dance : 
* By art dircvSted o'er the foaming tide 
Secure from rocks the painted veflels glide ; 
By art the chariot fcours the dufty plain. 
Springs at the whip, and f hears the ftrait'ning rein . 
To art our bodies muft obedient prove. 
If e'er we hope with graceful eafe to move. 

Long was the dancing art unfix'd, and free. 
Hence loft in error and uncertainty. 
No precepts did it mind, or rules obey^ 
But every matter taught a diflfrent way -, 
Hence ere each new-born dance was fully try*d. 
The lovely produft ev'n in blooming dy'd. 
Through various hands in wild confufion tofs*d. 
Its fteps were alter*d, and its beauties loft j 

• Arte citae veloque rates remoque moventur. 

Arte loves currus. Ovid. 

+ Ncc audit currus habenas. Virg. 

M 2 'Till 

( i8o ) 

*Till J FuiLLET, the pride of Gallja, rofe,' 
And did the dance in charafters compofe, 
Esfch lovely grace by certain marks he taught. 
And every ftep in lafting volumes wrote : 
Hence o*er the world this pleafing art fliall fpread. 
And every dance in every clime be read ; 
By diftant mafters fhall each ftep be feen> 
Though mountains rife, and oceans roar between j 
Hence, with her fifter arts, ftiall Dancing claim 
An equal right to univerfal fame. 
And IsAAC*s Rigadoon fliall live as long. 
As Raphael*s painting, or as Virgil's fong. 

Wife Nature ever, with a prudent hand, 
Difpenfes various gifts to every land. 
To every nation frugally imparts 
A genius fit for fome peculiar arts ; 
To trade the Dutch incline, the Swiss to arms, 
Mufic and verfe are foft Italians charms j 
Britannia juftly glories to have found 
Lands unexplor'd, and faiPd the globe around : 
But none will fure prefume to rival France, 
Whether flie forms, or executes the dance ; ; 

X Faillet wrote the Art of Dancing by charafters in French, 
lince tranflated by Weaver. 


( i8i ) 

To her exalted genius 'tis we owe 
The fprightly Rigadoon and Louvre flow. 
The Boree, and Courant unpradtis'd long, 
Th* imniortal Minuet, and the^fmooth Bretagne, 
With all thofe dances of illuftrious fame, 
* That from their native country take their name, 
With thefe let every ball be firft begun. 
Nor Country-dance intrude 'till thefe are done. 
Each cautious bard, ere he attempts to fing, 
Firft gently fluttering tries his tender wing. 
And if he finds that with uncommon fire ^ 
The Mufes all his raptur'd foul infpire. 
At once to heav'n he foars in lofty odes. 
And fings alone of heroes and of gods i 
But if he trembling fears a flight fo high. 
He then defcends to fofter elegy ; 
And if in elegy he can't fucceed. 
In paft'ral he may tune the oaten reed : 
So fhould the dancer, ere he tries to move, 
With care his ftrength, his weight, and genius prove j 
Then, if he finds kind Nature's gifts impart 
Endowments proper for the dancing art, 

♦ French dances. 

M 3 If 

( i82 ) 

If in himfelf he feels together join'd. 
An adive bcxly and ambitious mind, 
In nimble Rigadoons he may advance. 
Or in the Louvre's flow majeftic dance -, 
If thefe he fears to reach, with eafy pace 
Let him the Minuet's circling mazes trace : 
Is this too hard ? this too let him forbear. 
And to the Country-dance confine his care- 
Would you in dancing every fault avoid. 
To keep true time be your firft thoughts employM ; 
All other errors they in vain ftiall mend. 
Who in this one important point offend -, 
For this, when now united hand in hand 
Eager to ftart the youthful couple ftand ; 
Let them awhile their nimble feet reftrain, 
And with foft taps beat time to every ftrain : 
So for the race prepar'd two courfers ftand. 
And with impatient pawings fpurn the fand. 

In vain a mafter Ihall employ his care. 
Where Nature once has fix'd a clumfy air ; 
Rather let fuch, to country fports confin'd, 
Purfue the flying hare, or tim'rous hind : 
Nor yet, while I the rural 'fquire defpife, 
A mien efT^minate would I advife \ 


( i83 ) 

With equal fcom I would the fop deride. 
Nor let him dance — but on the woman*s fide. 

And you, fair nymphs, avoid vnth equal care, 
A ftupid dulnefs, and a coquet air 5 
Neither with eyes, that ever lov^the ground, 
Afleep, like fpinning-tops, run round and round ; 
Nor yet with giddy looks, and wanton pride. 
Stare all around, and fkip from fide to fide. 

True dancing, like true wit, is bed exprefs*d 
By nature only to advantage drefs'd ; 
*Tis not a nimble bound, or caper high. 
That can pretend to pleafe a curious eye. 
Good judges no fuch tumblers tricks regard. 
Or think them beautiful, becaufe they're hard, 

*Tis not enough, that every ftander-by 
No glaring errors in your fteps can fpy. 
The dance and mufic muft fo nicely meet, 
pach note fliould feem an echo to your feet; 
A namelefs grace muft in each movement dwell. 
Which words can ne'er exprefs, or precepts tell, 
Not to be taught, but ever to be feen 
In Flavians air, and Chloe's eafy mien: 
'Tis fuch an air that makes her thoufands fall. 
When Fielding dances at a birth-night ball •, 

M 4 Smooth 

( i84 ) 

Smooth as Camilla fhe fkims o'er the plain, 
And flies like her through crowds of heroes flain.. 

Now when the Minuet oft repeated o'er, 
(Like all terreftrial joys) can pleafe no more. 
And every nymph, refujQng to expand 
Her charms, declines the circulating hand ; 
Then let the jovial Country-dance begin. 
And the loud fiddles call each ftraggler in : 
But ere they come, permit me to difclofe. 
How firft, as legends tell, this paftime rofe. 

In ancient times (fuch times are now no more) 
When Albion's crown illuftrious Arthur wore. 
In fome fair op'ning glade, each fummer's night, ' 
Where the pale moon difFus'd her filver light, 
On the foft carpet of a grafly field. 
The fporting fairies their affemblies held-: 
Some lightly tripping with their pigmy queen. 
In circling ringlets mark'd the level green •, 
Some with foft notes bade mellow pipes refound^ 
And mufic warble through the groves around ; 
Oft' lonely fhepherds by the foreft fide. 
Belated peafants oft' their revels fpy'd. 
And home returning, o'er the nut-brown ale. 
Their guefts diverted with the wond'rous tale. 


( '85 ) 

Inftnifted hence, throughout the Britifli ifle. 

And fond to imitate the pleafing toil. 

Round where the trembling may-pole's fix'd on high. 

And bears its flow'ry honours to the (ky. 

The ruddy maids, and fun-burnt fwains refort. 

And pradife every night the lovely fport ; 

On every fide iEoli^ artifts ftand, 

"Whofe adive elbows fwclling winds command. 

The fwelling winds harmonious pipes infpire. 

And blow in every breaft a generous fire. 

Thus taught at firfl: the Country-dance began. 
And hence to cities and to courts it ran. 
Succeeding ages did in time impart 
Various improvements to the lovely art : 
From fields and groves to palaces removed. 
Great ones the pleafing excrcife approved ; 
Hence the loud fiddle, and flirill trumpet's founds. 
Are made companions of the dancer's bounds ; 
Hence gems, and filks, brocades, and ribbons join. 
To make the ball with perfeft luftre ftiine. 

So rude at firft the tragic Mufe appear'd. 
Her voice alone by ruftic rabble heard. 
Where twilling trees a cooling arbour made 
The pleas'd fpeftators fat beneath the ftiade, 


( i86 ) 

The homely ftagc with rulhcs green was ftrcw'd. 
And in a cart the drolling adors rode : 
*Till time at length improved the great defign. 
And bade the fcenes with painted landlkips fhine ; 
Then art did all the bright machines difpofe. 
And theatres of Parian marble rofe. 
Then mimic thunder fhook the canvafs fky. 
And Gods dcfcended from their tow*rs on high. 

With caution now let every youth prepare 
To choofe a partner from the mingled fair ; 
Vain lYOuld be here th* inftaifting Mufc*s voice. 
If fhe pretended to direft his choice : 
Beauty alone by fancy is exprefsM, 
And charms in different forms each different breaft ; 
A fnowy (kin this ^m'rous youth admires, 
Whilft nut-brown checks another's bofom fires, 
Sm^ waifts and flender limbs fome hearts enfiiare. 
While others love the more fubftantial fair. 

But let not outward charms your judgments fway. 
Your reafon rather than your eyes obey. 
And in the dance, as in the marriage noofe. 
Rather for merit, than for beauty, choofe : 
Bq her your choice, who knows with perfecft fkill 
When fhe (hould move, and when fhe fhould be ftill. 


( i87 ) 

Who uninftrufted can perform her Iharc, 
And kindly half the pleafing burthen bear. 
Unhappy is that hopelefs wretches fate. 
Who fetter'd in the matrimonial ftate 
With a poor, fimple, unexperienced wife. 
Is forc'd to lead the tedious dance of life ; 
And fuch is his, with fuch a partner join'd, 
A moving puppet, but without a mind : 
Still muft his hand be pointing out the way. 
Yet ne'er can teach fo faft, as flie can ftray. 
Beneath her follies he muft ever groan. 
And ever blufh for errors not his own. 

But now behold united hand in hand, 
Rang*d on each fide, the well-pa ir'd couples ftand ! 
Each youthful bofom beating with delight. 
Waits the briflc fignal for the pleafing fight : 
While lovely eyes, that flafli unufual rays. 
And fnowy bubbies pulPd above the ftays. 
Quick bufy hands, and bridling heads declare 
The fond impatience of the ftarting fair. 
And fee, the fprightly dance is now begun ! 
Now here, now there the giddy maze they run, 
Now with flow fteps they pace the circling ring. 
Now all confus'd, too fwift for fight they fpring : 


( i88 ) 

So, in a wheel with rapid fury tofs'd. 

The undiftinguifli'd fpokcs arc in the motion loft. 

The dancer here no more requires a guide. 
To no ftridt fteps his nimble feet are ty'd. 
The Mufe's precepts here Ivould ufelefs be. 
Where all is fancy'd, unconfin'd, and free j 
Let him but to the mulic's voice attend. 
By this inftrufted, he can ne'er offend •, 
If to his (hare it falls the dance to lead. 
In well-known paths he may be fure to tread j 
If others lead, let him their motions view. 
And in their fteps the winding maze purfue. 

In every Country-dance a ferious mind, 
Turn*d for refleftion, can a moral find ; 
In Hunt-the-Squirrel thus the nymph we view. 
Seeks when we fly, but flies when we purfue : 
Thus in Round-dances, where our partners change. 
And unconfin*d from fair to fair we range. 
As foon as one from his own confort flies. 
Another feizes on the lovely prize : 
Awhile the favVite youth enjoys her charms, 
'Till the next comer fteals her from his arms. 
New ones fucceed, the laft is ftill her care ; 
How true an emblem of th* inconftant fair ! 


( i89 ) 

Where can philofophers, and fages wife, 
Who read the curious volumes of the fkies, ' 
A model more exaft than dancing name. 
Of the creation's univcrfal frame ? 
Where worlds unnumbered o*er th* aetherial way,' 
In a bright regular confufion ftray •, 
Now here, now ther^ they whirl along the iky^ 
Now near approach, and now far diftant fly. 
Now meet in the fame order they begun. 
And then the great celeftial dance is done. 

Where can the mor'lift find a jufter plan 
Of the vain labours, and the life of man ? 
Awhile through juflling crowds we toil, and fweat^ 
And eagerly purfue we know not what. 
Then when our trifling fhort-liv'd race is run. 
Quite tir'd fit down, juft: where we firfl: begun. 

Though to your arms kind fate's indulgent care • 
Has giv'n a partner exquifitely fair. 
Let not her charms fo much engage your heart. 
That you negle(5l the flcilful dancer's part ; 
Be not, when you the tuneful notes fhould hear. 
Still whifp'ring idle prattle in her ear : 
When you ftiould be cmploy'd,' be not at play. 
Nor for your joys all others fl:eps delay : 


( I90 ) 

But when the finifh'd dance you once have donct ' 
And with applaufe through every couple run» 
There reft awhile : there fnatch the fleeting blifi. 
The tender whifper, and the balmy kifs 5 
Each/ecret wifli, each fofter hope confefs. 
And her moift palm with eager fingers preft 5 
With finilcs the fair fhall hear your warm defires^ 
When mufic melts her foul, and dancing fires. 

Thus mix'd with love, the pleafing toil purfue, 
'Till the unwelcome morn appears in view ; 
Then, when approaching day its beams difplays^ 
And the dull candles fhine with fainter rays. 
Then when the fun juft rifes o'er the deep. 
And each bright eye is almoft fet in fleep. 
With ready hands, obfequious youths, prepare 
Safe to her coach to lead each chofen fair. 
And guard her from the morn's inclement air : 
Let a warm hood enwrap her lovely head. 
And o*er her neck a handkerchief be fpread. 
Around hcnfhoulders let this arm be caft, 
Whilft that from cold defends her flender waift ; 
With kifles warm her balmy lips (hall glow, 
Unchiird by nightly damps, or wintry fnow -, 
While gen'rous white-wine, muU'd with ginger warm. 
Safely protects her inward frame from harm. 


( 191 ) 

But ever let my lovely pupils fear 
To chill their mantling blood with cold fmall beer; 
Ah, thoughtlefs fair ! the tempting draught refufe, 
"When thus forewarned by my experienc*d Mufc j 
Let the fad confequence your thoughts employ. 
Nor hazard future pains, for prefent joy ; 
Deftruftion lurks within the poisonous dofe, 
A fatal fever or a pimpled nofe, 
,. Thus through each precept of the dancing art 
The Mufe has play'd the kind inftruftpr's part. 
Through every maze her pupils Ihe has led. 
And pointed out the fureft paths to tread j 
No more remains ; no more the goddefs fings. 
But drops her pinions, and unfurls her wings j 
On downy beds the weary dancers lie. 
And fleep's filk cords tie down each drowfy eye ; 
-. Delightful dreams their pleafing fports reftore. 
And ev'n in flcep they feem to dance once more. 

And now the work completely finifli'd lies. 
Which the devouring teeth of time defies ; 
t Whilft birds in air, or filh in dreams we find. 
Or damfels fret with aged partners joined -, 
As long as nymphs (hall with attentive car 
A fiddle rather than a fermon hear ; 

4 So 

^ .*. ^ i 



. ( 192 ) 

So long the brighteft eyes fliall oft periifc 

The ufcful lines of my inftruftive Mufe } 

Each belle fhall wear them wrote upon her fan, 1 ^i l 

And each bright beau fhall read them — if he f^l { 


"■■' ^ 



Written in the Year 1 746, By the Sanu? , 

*t . . , % 

^ale portent urn neque militaris 

Datinia in latis alit efculetis^ 

Nee Juba tellus generate leonum '■ '-' * 

jirida nutrix. . -^ 

T UST broke from fchool, pert, impudent, and ;awi 
^ Expert in Latin, more expert in taw. 
His honour polls o*er Italy and France^ 
Meafures St, Peter's dome, and learns to dancc^ 
Thence having quick through various countries flQwn^ 
Glean'd all their follies, and expos'd his own. 
He back returns, a thing fo ftrange all o'er. 
As never ages paft produced before: 

A monfter 

( 193 ) 

A monfter of fuch complicated worth. 
As no one fingle clime could e*cr bring forth : 
Half atheift, papift, gamefter, bubble, rook. 
Half fidler, coachman, dancer, groom, and cook. 

Next, becaufe bus*nefs now is all the vogue. 
And who'd be quite polite muft be a rogue. 
In parliament he purchafes a feat, 
Td make th* accomplifli'd Gentleman compleat. 
There lafc in felf-fufficient impudence. 
Without experience, honefly, or fcnfe. 
Unknowing in her int'reft, trade, or laws. 
He vainly undertakes his country's caufe : 
Forth from his lips, prepared at all to rail. 
Torrents of nonfenfe burft •, like bottled ale. 
Though (hallow, muddy ; brilk, though mighty dull ; 
Fierce iwrithout ftrength ; overflowing, though not fulL 

Now quite a Frenchman in his garb and air. 
His neck yok'd down with bag and folitaire. 
The liberty of Britain he fupports. 
And ftorms at place-men, minifttrs, and courts ; 
Now in crop*d greafy hair, and leather breeches. 
He loudly bellows out his patriot fpeeches ; 
King, lords, and commons ventures to abufe, 
Yet dares to (hew thofe ears he ought to lofe. 

Vol. III. N Frona 

( «94 ) 

From hence to WiairrE^s our virtuous Cato flfcsi - 
There fits with cbufttenancc creft, and wife,i >r' i 
And talks of games uf whift, and pfg-tail pie^^^ ^^t^;] 
PUyjs all the night, nor doubts each lavr to br^i*^^ 
Himfelf unknowingly has helpM to make; '' ^ 

Trembling and anxious, ftakes his utmoft gwttti-'" 
Peeps o'er his cards, and looks as if he thou^t^' ' 
Next morn difowns the lofles of the night, * • 

Becaufe the fool would fain be thought abitte^ ^•<'''* 

Devoted thus to politics, and cards, '^'^ ^(' 

Nor mirth, nor wine, nor women he regards i^^^ ' '^ 
So far is every virtue from his heart, - : »^i 

That not a gen'rous vice can claim a part j :l f / 

Nay, left one human paflion e'er fhotrid moye ' 
His foul to friendlhip, tendernefe, or love, ■ ^' 

To FiGG and Broughton he commits his breaft. 
To fteel it to the faffiionable teft. / ' 

Thus poor in wealth, he labours to no end. 
Wretched alone, in crowds without a friend 5 
Infenfible to all that*s good, or kind. 
Deaf to all merit, to all beauty blind ; 
For love too bufy, and for wit too grave, 
A hardened, fober, proud, luxurious knave,- 
By little aftions ftriving to be great. 
And proud to be, and to «be thought a cheat. 


09S ) 

And yet in this fo bad is his fucccfsy 
fThac as his fame improves, his rems grow leis i 
/On parchment wings his acres take their flight) 
And his unpeopled groves admit the light ^ 
With his eil:ate his jntereil too is done^ 
Hb honcft borough feeks a warmer fun. 
For him^ now cafh and liquor flows no more^ 
His independent voters ceaie to roar : 
And Britain foon muft want the great xiefcncc 
Of all his honefty, and eloquence. 
But that £he gen'cous youth more anxious grown 
For public liberty, than for his own. 
Marries Ibme jointured antiquated crone : 
And boldly, when his country is at ftake^ 
Braves thedcep yawning gulph, likeCuRTius, forks fake. 

Quickly again diftrefs'd for want of coin. 
He digs no longer in th' exhaufled mine. 
But feeks preferment, as the lafl rcfort, 
Cringes each mom at levees, bows at court. 
And, from the hand he hates, implores fupport : 
The minifter, well pleas'd at fmall expencc 
To filence fo much rude impertinence. 
With fqueeze and whifper yields to his demands. 
And on the venal lift enrolPd he fbnds j 

N 2 A ribband 

■ ( 196 ) 

A ribband and a penfion buy the ilave« 

This bribes the fool about him, that the knave« 

And now arrived at his meridian glory. 

He finks apace, defpis*d by Whig and Tory ; 

Of independence now he talks no more. 

Nor (hakes the fenate with his patriot roar } 

But filent votes, and with court trappings hung» 

Eyes his own glittering ftar, and holds his topgqc^ ^ .^ 

In craft political a bankrupt made, , ^ 

He (licks to gaming, aa the furer trade ; . . , / 1 

' >' 111 

Turns downright (harper, lives by fucking bloocj. 

And grows, in (hort, the very thing he wou'd,:, 

Hunts out young heirs, who have their fortunes igcnt. 

And lends them ready ca(h at cent per cent, ^ ^ , 

Lays wagers on his own, and others lives. 

Fights uncles, fathers, grandmothers and wives, 

'Till death at length, indignant to be made 

The daily fubjedt of his fport and trade. 

Veils with his fable hand the wretch's eyes. 

And, groaning for the betts he lofes by't, he dies. . 



( '97 ) 

• I 

♦^♦i»ifife»;!;*Ati»iM*i*X#i^* '-i^jm 



Mi/eri qmbui 

JntenMa niUs. Hor. 

O KTLL'D in each art, that can adorn the fair, 
^ The fprightly dance, the foft Italian air. 
The tofi of quality, and high-bred fleer. 
Now lady Harriot reach'd her fifteenth year. 
Wing'd with diyerfions all her moments flew. 

£acn| as it pafs'd, prefenting fomething new } 
Breakfafts and audlions wear the morn away, 
£ach evening gives an opera, or a play ; 
Then Brag^s eternal joys all night remain. 
And kindly uflier in the morn again. 

For love no time has (he, or inclination. 
Yet muft coquet it for the fake of faftiion ; 
For this Ihe liftens to. each fop that*s near, 
Th* embroidered colonel flatters with a fneer. 
And the cropt enfign nuzzles in her ear. 
But with mod warmth her drefs and airs infpirc 
Th* ambitious bofom of the landed 'fquire, 

N 3 Who 

( 198 ) 

Who fain woaWquit plump EtoHy^s Ibfttf chaftii*. 
For withered lean right honourable arms ; 
He bows with reverence it her facred flirine. 
And treats her as if fprung from race dirine. 
Which (he returns with infolence and fcorn, 
J^'or deigns to fmile on a plebeian born. 

Ere long by friends, by cards; and lovers crofs*d. 
Her fortune, health, and reputation loft j 
Her money gone, yet not a tradefman paid, 
Her fame, yet fhe ftill damn'd to be a maid. 
Her fpirits fink, her nerves are fo unfttung. 
She weeps, if but a handfome thief is hung r 
By mercers, lacemen, mantua-makers prefs'd, 
But moft for ready cafh for play diftrefs*d. 
Where can ftie turn ? — the 'fquire muft all repair, '' 
She condefcends to liften to his pray'r. 
And marries him at length in mere defpair. 

But foon th' endearments of a hufband cloy. 

Her foul, her frame incapable of joy : 

She feels no tranfports in the bridal bed. 

Of which fo oft fh' has heard, fo much has read ; 

Then vex'd, that fhe (hould be condemned alone 

To feek in vain this philofophic ftone. 

To abler tutors (he refolves t* apply, 

A proftitute from curiofity.: 


( »99 ) 

Hence men qf ,Wfry fprp, and every fizc, , 
Impatient for heav'n's cordial drop, fhe tries 5 
The fribbling beau, the rough unwieldy clown. 
The ruddy templar newly on the town, 
Th' Hibernian captain of gigantic make. 
The brimful parfon, and th' exhaufted rake. 

But ftiU malignant Fate her wiih denies. 
Cards yield fuperior joys, to cards fhe flies ; 
All night ftx)m rout to rout her chairmen run. 
Again fhe plays, and is again undone. 

Behold her now in Ruin's frightful jaws f 
Bonds, judgments executions, ope their paws 5 
Seize jewels, furniture, and plate, nor fpare 
The gilded chariot, or the toiTePd chair, 
Eor lonely feat fhe*s forced to quit the town. 
And Tubbs conveys the wretched exile down. 
/ Now rumbling o'er the (tones of Tyburn-road, 
Ne'er prefs'd with a more griev'd or guilty load. 
She bids adieu to all the well-known ftreets. 
And envies every cinder-wench fhe meets : 
And now the dreaded country firft appears. 
With fighs unfeigned the dying noife (he hears 
Of diftant coaches fainter by degrees. 
Then darts and trembles at the fight of trees. 

N 4 Silent 

( ^^^ ) 

Silent and fullen^Ji^|f€(C>p>e.c?ptiKq.queat^ .i-j r,^ ooT 
S«*s drawn along, . jmwilUng tp lie Jfeen, >■' 'Muh^-x oo T 
U/itil at lengtb^^i'pcars die ruia'd Wl "*:'.; >at .m?T 
"Within the grai^rgrccn moat, and ivy'd walH ^ir*5mi tA 
The doleful pfifon where fiw ever flic, ..AihkinKf 

But not, alas!, her griefs, rouft bury'd be. . .' ; ? 

Her coach the curate and the tradefbien meet^uTiiJl.! 
Great-coated tenants her arrival greet, y'^^\ 

And boys with (tubble bonfires light the fticet^ i ^^ i 
While bells her ears with tongues difcordant grate, 
ljj[gp» of the AUptidl Vfti th<*y «feld:JAte : ' '"' <^' ' ' ^ 
But no rejoicings can unbend her brow. 
Nor deigns fhe to return one aukward bow, 
But^bounces in difdaining once to fpeak. 
And wipes the trickling tear from off her cheeh.> 

Now fee her in the fad decline of life, 
A peevifli miftrefs, and a fulky wife ; 
Her nerves unbrac'd, her faded cheek grown pile 
With many a real, many a fancy *d ail j 
Of cards, admirers, equipage bereft j 
Her infolence, and title only left; i 

Severely humbled to her one-horfe chair. 

And the low pafUmcs of a country fair : 


» • • ■ 

( 20I ) 



I Too wretched tt) tendlhW One loiiciy day. 
Too proud one friendly vifit to repay. 
Too indolent to read, too criminal to pray. 
At length fialf dead, half mad, and quite confin'd. 
Shunning, and (hunn'd by all of human kind, 
Ev'n robbed of the laft cOmfort of her life, 
IiCulting the poor curate's callous wife, 

idc, difappointed pride, now ftops her breath, 

id with true fcorpion rage fhe flings herfelf to death. 


A N 

E S S A Y on V I R T U E» : 

To the Hon. PHILIP YORKE, Efqj 

By the Same. 

AtquB ipfa utilitas jujii prope mater it aquL HoR. 

^ I ^HOU, whom nor honours, wealth, nor youth caa 
-*• With the leaft vice of each luxuriant foil, L*P^*1 
Say, YoRKE, (for fure, if any, you can tell) 
What Virtue is, who praftife it fo well ; 
Say, where inhabits this Sultana queeil -, 
Praised and ador'd by ail, but rarely fecn : 

' By 

By what furc marks her eflence cart we trace, .■. / 
When each religion, fafiion, age, and place r : >: t . 
Sets up ibme fancyM idol of its own, , .ft I 

A vain pretender to her facred throne ? ,i |. . ./ .( 

In man, too oft a well^iffembled part, 
A felf-denying pride in woman's hcarc. 
In fynods faith, and in the fields of fame 
Valour ufurps her honours, and her name. 
Whoever their fenfe of Virtue could exprefi, • » ; 
*Tis ftill by fomething they themfelves poflefs^ 
Hence youth good-humour, frugal craft old age, . 
Warm politicians term it party-rage ; 
True churchmen zeal right orthodox ; and hence = 
Fools think it gravity, and wits pretence : 
To conftancy alone ftmd lovers join it. 
And maids unafk*d to chaftity confine it. 

But have we then no law befides our will? 
No juft criterion fix'd to good and ill ? 
As well at noon we may obftru6t our fight. 
Then doubt if fuch a thing exifts as light •, 
For no lefs plain would nature's law appear, r 

As the meridian fun unchanged, and clear, * 

Vv^ould we but fearch for what we were defign'd. 
And for what end th' Almighty form'd mankind, 

A rule 

( 2«>3 ) 

A rule of life we then fhould plainly fce^ 
r For to piirfue that end muft Virtue be. v 

Then what is that ? not want of power, or fame, . 
Or worlds unnumber'd to applaud his name. 
But* a defire his bleflings to difRife^ 
And fear left millions ihould exiftence loie } 
His goodnefs only could his pow*r employ. 
And an eternal warmth to propagate his joy. . 

Hence foul, and fenfe diffused through every plaoe^ • 
Make happinefl as infinite as fpace ; 
Thoufdnds of funs beyond each other blaze. 
Orbs roll o'er orbs, and glow with mutual rays ; 
Each is a worid, where formed with wond'rous ar^. 
Unnumbered fpecies live through every part : 
In every traft of ocean, earth, and Ikies 
Myriads of creatures ftill fucceffive rife ; , 

Scarce buds a leaf, or fprings the vileft weed. 
But little flocks upon its verdure feed ; 
No fruit our palate courts, or flow'r our fmell. 
But on its fragrant bofom nations dwell, 
AH form'd with proper faculties to (hare 
The daily bounties of their Maker's care ; 
The great Creator from his heav'nly. throne, 
Pleas'd, on the wide-expanded joy looks down, 


( 204 ) ' 

V ii; iji 

And his ctefttil U^'ia tnlyihh;'' '-^ ■ 

That aU contributrto the general bGfe; ' ^^^d^o^i 

Nature fo plain this' prmrd law difjilays, ' '*'* ^^ 
Each living creature feei it, and obeys ; - ' -'^^^^^ "^^^^ 
Each, formed for all, promotes through private* tiri^'' 
The public good,- and juftly taftes rtslhare. '^'' ^'' 
All underftand dteir great Creator's will j ' . '.' : ' 

Strive to be happy, arid in that fulfil \ -^ ' 

Mankind excepted; lord of all befide, * ' 

But only flave to folly, vide, and-^ride; • ^^ '^i^^ ' 
'Tis he that's deaf to this commartd afone, '* '^^^^ ♦ 
Delights in others' woe, and courts his own ; ' ^^' ■'• '^' 
RackjS and deftroys with tcjrt'ring ftcfcl and flante/^'^-' ^ 
Forlux'ry brutes, and man himfelf for fame :" ' ' "■'^' 
Sets Superftition high on Virtue's throne. 
Then thinks his Maker's temper like his own: ''" ' 
Hence are his altars ftain'd with reeking gore. 
As if he could atone for crimes by more : 
Hence whilft offended heav'n he drives in vain 
T' appeafe by fafts, and voluntary pain, 
Ev'n in repenting he provokes again. 

How eafy is our yoke ! how light our load ! 
Did wc not ftrive to niend the laws of God : 
For his own fake no duty he can alk, * 

The common welfare is our only trik •, 


For this fole end his prc;ccpt$^.^J;wd.4S juft. 

Forbid intempV^f c^ ^ murdcr,i .thf ft, ; ^wi luft, . 

With ewry aft injurious to our, own • .; , / 

Or others* *kood, for, fuch arc crimes, alone : i 

For. jtbis,wt peace, love, charity, icnjoin'd> 

With all that can fecure and blefs mankind. . - 

Thus is the public (afety Virtue's caufe. 

And happinefs the. end of: all her laws ^ 

For fuch by nature, is the human frame. 

Our duty and our int'reft are die fame. ... 

But hold, q^s qutfome Puntan divine, 
Whofe we4rih)i^d cheeks with eafe and plenty fhifiti j 
Is this4J9,fi^ft,, to jpaprtify, refrain, . ;f 

And wo£k.ialvatipnt4>tft with. fear and pain? 
We own, the rigid le0ons of their fchools 
Arc widely, different, from thefe eafy rules ; \ ^ 

Virtue, with them, . is only to abftain ^. .^ I 

From all that nature aflcs, and covet pain ; 

rafure and vice.are ever near a-kin, 

id, if we thirft, cold water is.a fm: 
feav*n's path is rough and intricate^ they fay. 
Yet all are damn'd that trip, or mifs; their way i ■ » 
God is a being cruel and fever?, r 
^d man a wretch, by his command plac'd herff : 


f .1*' 

( 206 ) 

tn fun-fhior >for wASc t& take a tum^ 
Only rto drjr and make him fit to bum, ^ n ft W i 

Miilaken men, too pioufly feyere ! ,{),'• 

Through cvaft Hiifleading, or mifled by feafiv* .» 
How littk they God's counfels comprehend, . 
Our univciial parent, guardian, friend I 
Who, forming by degrees to blifs manHindt 
This globe our fportive nurfery aflign'd. 
Where for awhile his fond paternal cace 
Feafts us with every joy our ftate can bear : . i 
Each fenfe, touch, tafte, and fniell difpenfe deligh^ 
Mufic our hearing, beauty charms our fight ; 
Trees, herbs, and flow'rs to us their fpoils refign^ / 
Its pearl the rock prefents, its gold the nune ^ 
Beads, fowl, and fiih their daily tribute givt. 
Of food and cloaths, and die that we may live a 
Seafons but change, new pleafures to produce. 
And elements contend to fcrve our ufe : 
Love*s gentle jthafts, ambition's towering wings. 
The pomps of fenates, churches, courts, and kings^ 
All that our revVcnce, joy, or hope create. 
Are the gay play- things of this infant ftate. 
Scarcely an ill to human life belongs. 
But what our follies caufe, or mutual wrongs % ^ 



Or if feme ftripes from Providence we ftel. 
He ftrikes with pity, and but wounds to heal 5 
Kindly perhaps fometimea afflidts us here. 
To guide our views to a fablimer fphere. 
In more exalted joys to fix our taftc. 
And wean us from delights that cannot laft.' 
Our prefcnt good the eafy tofk is made. 
To earn fuperior blifs, when this (hall fade ; 
For, foon as e*er thefe mortal pleafures cloy. 
His hand fkall lead us to fublimer joy ; 
Sriacdk His from all our little forrows here. 
Calm eveiy grief, attd dry each childifh tear 5 
Waft! W to regions of eternal peace. 
Where blife and virtue grow with like increafe ; 
From flrefigtfa to ftrengtk our fouls for ever guide. 
Through wofid*rous fcenes of being yet untry'd. 
Where k each flage we (hall naore perfeft grow, 
And new perfe£^ions, new xielights beftow. 

Oh \ woirid mankind but make thefe truths their guide. 
And force the >helm from prejudice and pride. 
Were once thefe maxims fix'd, that God's our friend. 
Virtue our good, and htppinefs our end. 
How foon muft reafon o'er the world prevail. 
And error, fraud, and fupcrftitioa fail ! * 

4 None 

t ao8 ) 

None woiild hereafter then with groundleis fe^ ' 
Defcribe th* Almighty cruel and feverc, 
Predeftinating fome without pretence 
To heav*n, and fome to hell for no offence } 
Infli£bing endlefs pains for tranfient crimes. 
And fav'ring fedls or nations^ men or times. 
Topleafehim, none would foolifhly forbear 
Or food, or reft, or itch in fliirts of hair, ^ 

Or deem it merit to believe, or teach. 
What reafon contradifts, or cannot reach ; 
None would fierce zeal for piety miftakc, ^ 
Or malice for whatever tenet's fake. 
Or think falvation to one feft confin'd. 
And heav*n too narrow to contain mankind. 

No more then nymphs, by long negleft grown nkx 
Would in one female frailty fum up vice. 
And cenfure thofe, who, nearer to the right. 
Think Virtue is but to difpenfe delight. 

No fervile tenets would admittance find, 
Deftruftive of the rights of human-kind j 
Of pow'r divine, hereditary right. 
And non-refiftance to a tyrant's might : 
For fure that all fhould thus for one be curs*d. 
Is but great nature's edift juft revers'd. 


( 2*9 ) 

mDralifts thcn^ righteous to excels, 
1 (how fair Virm? in fo black a drcfs, 
hey, like boyj, who foriie ifeign'd fpright irray, 
:om the fpeftre fly thcmfelves away : 
?achers in the terrible delight, 
oofe to win by reafoti; not affright; 
mjuners like, in fire and brimftone dwells 
raw each moving argument from hell, 
more our fage interpreters of laws 
1 fatten on obfcurities, and flaws, 
thef nobly careful of their trufl:, 
to wipe off^ the long-contrafted dufl:, 
e, like Hardwickb, guardians of the juft. 
rriorc applaufe would oh ambition wjit, 
lying waftc the world be counted great, 
le good-natur'd aft more praifes gain, 
armies overthrown, and thoufands flain ; 
Dre would brutal rage difturb our peace^ 
vy, hatred, war, and difcord ceafe •, 
NTi and others* good each hour employ, 
U things fmile with univerfal joy •* 
with Happinefs her confort join'd, 
I regulate and blefs each human mind, 
lan be what his Maker firft defign*d. 
.. III. O The 

( 2IO ) 

The F E M A L E D R U M : 

Or, The Origin of C a r d s. A Tale. 
AddrefsM to the Honourabk Mifs Carpbnt] 

THOU, whom to counfel is to praife. 
With candor view thcfc friendly lays. 
Nor, from the vice of gaming free. 
Believe the fatire points at thee ; 
Who truth and worth betimes can'ft priztf, 


Nor yet too fprightly to be wife. 

But hear this tale of ancient time. 

Nor think it vain, though told in rhyme. 

Elate with wide-extended pow'r. 
Sworn rivals from the natal hour, 
Av'rice and Sloth, with hoftile art 
Contended long for woman's heart ; 
She fond of wealth, afraid of toil. 
Still ihifted the capricious fmile ; 
By turns, to each the heart was fold. 
Now bought with eafe, and now with gold 5 
Scarce either grafp the fov*reign Iway, 
When chance revers'd the profpVous day. 


The doubtful ftrife was ftill f eftewM^ 
Each baffled oft, but rie'er fubdtfd ; • 
When Av'nicB flicw^d the glittViiig pri»s 
And hopes and fears began to rife, 
' Sloth fhed on every bufy fenfe 
The gentle balm of indolence. 
When Sloth had fcreen*d, with artful nighty 
The foft pavilion of delight ; . 
Stem Av'rice, with reproachful frown. 
Would fcatter thorns amongft her down. 

^ Thus each by turns the realm controul'd. 
Which each in turn defpair*d to hold ^ 
At length unable to contend, 
They join to choofe a common friend. 
To clofe in love the long debate. 
Such love, as mutual fears create ; 
A friend they chofe, a friend to both. 
Of Av'rice born, and nurs'd by Sloth 5 
An artful nymph, whofe reign began 
When Wifdom ceas'd to dwell with man : 
In Wifdom's aweful robes arrayed. 
She rules o*er politics and trade ; 
And by the name of Cunning known. 
Makes wealth, and fame, and pow'r her own. 

O2 lo 

( 212 ) 

In qucft of Cunning then they rove 
0*er all the windings of the grove. 
Where twining boughs theirlhade unite, 
For Cunning ever flies the light i 
At length through maze perplex'd with maze. 
Through traits confus'd, and private ways> 
With finking hearts and weary feet. 
They gain their fav*rite*s dark retreat ; 
There, watchful at the gate, they find 
Suspicion, with her eyes behind ; 
And wild Alarm, awaking, blows 
Thfe trump that ftiakes the world's repofc. 

The guefls well known, falute the guard. 
The hundred gates are foon unbarr'd ; 
Through half the gloomy cave they prefs. 
And reach the wily queen's recefs ; 
The wily queen difturb'd, they view. 
With fchemes to fly, though none purfuc 5 
And, in perpetual care to hide. 
What none will ever feek, employed. 

** Great queen (they pray*d) our feuds compofe, 
** And let us never more be foes.'* 
*' This hour (Ihe cries) your difcord ends, 
" Henceforth, be Sloth and Av'rice friends ; 

" Hence- 

( 213 ) 


" Henceforth, with equal pri<Je, prepare ] 

•* To rule at once the captive fair.*' 

Th* attentive powers in filence heard. 
Nor utter'd what they hop'd or fear'd. 
But fearch in vain the dark decree. 
For Cunning loves obfcurity ; 
Nor would ftie foon her laws explain. 
For Cunning ever joys to pain. 

She then before their wondering eyes. 
Bid piles of painted paper rife -, 

Search now thefe heaps, (flie cries) here find 

Fit emblem of your powV combined.'* 
The heap to Av'rice firft (he gave, 
"Who foon defcry*d her darling Knave 2 
And Sloth, ere Envy long could fting. 
With joyful eyes beheld a King. 

** Thefe gifts (faid Cunning) bear away. 

Sure engines of defpotic fway ; 

Thefe charips difpenfe o'er all the ball, 
** Secure to rule where'er they fall. 
** The love of cards let Sloth infufe, 
•* The love of money foon enfues •, 
** The ftrong defire fhall ne'er decay, 
•* Who plays to wui, fliall win to play j 

O 3 " The 




If ►, 

The brcaft, where love has planned his reign, 
** Shall burn, unqucnch'd, with luft of gain \ 
** And all the charms that wit can boaft, 
!* In dreams of better luck be loft." 

Thus neither innocent, nor gay. 
The ufelefs hours fhall fleet away. 
While Time overlooks the trivial ftrife. 
And, fcoffing, fhakes the fands of life ; 
•Till the wan maid, whoie early bloom 
The vigils of quadrille confume ; 
Exhaufted, by the pangs of pUy, 
To Sloth and Ay'mc^ falls a prey. 


n I 

To Mr. FOX, written at Fl^orenck. 

In Imitation of Horace, Ode IV* Book %. 
By the late Lord H y. 

Septimi^ Gades aditure mecum. 

'TpHOU deareft youth, who taught me firft to know 

* What pleafures from a real friendfhip flow. 
Where neither intcreft nor defign have part. 
But all phe warmth is native of the heart j 


( 215 ) 

Thou know'ft to comfort, footh, or entertain, 
Joy of my health, and cordfal of my pain. 
When life feem'd failing on her latcft ftage, 


And fell difeafe anticipated age. 

When wafting ficknefs and afflidtive pain. 

By Efculapius' fons oppos'd in vain ; 

Forc'd me reludant, defperatc, to explore 

A warmer fun, and feek a milder fhore ; 

Thy fteady love with unexampled truth, 

Forlbok each gay companion of thy youth. 

Whatever the profpVous or the great employs, 

Bus'nels and int'reft, and love's fofter joys. 

The weary fteps of mis'ry to attend. 

To (hare diftrefs, and make a wretch thy friend. 

If o'er the mountain's fnowy height we ftray. 

Where Carthage firft explored the venturous way ; 

Or thro* the tainted air of Rome's parch'd plains. 

Where Want refides, and Superftition reigns j 

Chearful and unrepining, ftill you bear 

Each dangerous rigour of the various year ; 

And kindly anxious for thy friend alone, 

Laipent his fufPrings and forget thy own. 

Oh ! would kind Heav'n, thefe tedious fufPrings paft. 

Permit me Ickworth, reft, and health at laft, 

O 4 fa 

( 2l6 ) 

In that Iov*d (hade, my youth's delightful fear. 

My early pleafure, and my late retreat, . ^ 

Where lavifh Nature's favourite bleflings flow. 

And all the feafojis all their fweets bellow ; 

There might I trifle carelefly away 

The milder evening of life's clouded day, 

From bus'nefs and the world's intrufion free. 

With books, with love, with beauty, and with thcc | 

No farther want, no wifh yet unpoflcfs'd 

Could e'er dilhirb this unambitious breaft. 

Let thofe who Fortune's (hining ^ifts implore. 

Who fue for glory, fplendor, wealth, or power. 

View this unaftive ftate, with fcomful eyes, ' 

And pleafures they can never tafte, de^ife % 

Let them ftill court that goddefs'.falfer joys. 

Who, while (he grants their pray'r, their peace deftroy$« 

I envy not the foremoft of the great. 

Not Walpole's felf, directing Europe's fate; 

Still let him load Ambition's thorny (hrine. 

Fame be his portion, and contentment mine. 

But if the gods, finifter ftill, deny 

To live in Ickworth, let me there but die ; 

Thy hand to clofe my eyes in death's long night. 

Thy image to attra^ their lateft fight ; 


( 217 ) 

Then to the grave attend thy poet's herfc. 
And love his mcm*ry as you lov'd his verfe. 

To the Same. From Hampton-Court, 173 1# 

By the Same, 

Bono loco res kumanafunt^ quod nemoy nifi vitiofuoj mfer efi^ 

"• * . 

Seneca in Epist* 

WHILST in the fortunes of the gay and great,' 
The glare of courts, and luxury of ftate j 
AU that the meaner coret and deplore. 
The pomp of wealth, and inlblence of power : 
*Whilft in thefe various fcenes of gilded life. 
Of fraud, ambition, policy, and ftrife 1^ 
Where every word is didated by art. 
And every face the ma(k of every heart ; 
Whilft with fuch diflPrent objefts entertained, 
Jn all that's really felt, and all that's feign'd, 
J fpeculate on human joys and woes, 
fTUl from my pen the verfe fpontaneous flows \ 



To whom thefe aitlels oflfrings fhould I brii^^ 
To whom thefe undigefted numbers fing. 
But to a friend ? — and to what friend but you. 
Safe, juft, (incere, indulgeq^ kind and true ? 
Difdain not then thefe trifles to attend. 
Nor fear to blame, nor ftudy to commend. 
Say, where falfe notions erring I purfue. 
And with the plaufible confound the true : 
Correft with all the freedom that I write ; 
And guide my darken'd reafon with thy light. 

Thee partial Heaven has blefsM^ profufely kind. 
With wit, with judgment, and a tafte refin*d. 
Thy fancy rich, and thy obfervance true. 
The lafl ftill wakeful, and the firft ftill new. 


Rare bleflings I and to few divided known. 
But given united to thyfelf alone. 
Inftrudion are thy words, and lively truth. 
The fchool of age, and the delight of youth. 
When men their various difcontents relate. 
And tell how wretched this our mortal (late ; 
That life is but diverfify'd diftrefs, 
I'he lot of all, and hardly more or lefs ; 
That kings and villagers have each their fharc, 
Thcfc pinch'd with mean, and thofe with fplcndid cares 


That feeming pleafure is intrinfic woe. 
And all call'd happinefs, delufive fhow ; 
} Food only for the Ihakcs in Envy's brcaft, 
: Who often grudges what is ne'er poffefe'd ; 
Say, for thou know'ft the follies of mankind, 
Can'ft tell howobftinate, perverfe, and blind j 
{ Say, are we thus opprefs'd by Nature's laws. 
Or of our miferies, ourfelves the caufe ? 
Sure oft, unjuftly, we impute to Fate 
A thoufand evils which ourfelves create s 
Complsun that life aSbrds but litde joy. 
And yet that little foolifhly deftroy. 
We check the pleafures that too foon fubfide, 
' And break the current of too weak a tide. 
Like Atalanta, golden trifles chace. 
And baulk that fwiftnefs which might win the race i 
For life has joys adapted to each ftage. 
Love for our youth, ambition for our age. 
But wilful man inverting her decl-ees, 
Wlien young would govern, and when old would pleafe. 
Covets the fruits his autumn ihould beftow. 
Nor taftes the fragrance whilft the blo0bms blow. 
Then far-fled joys in vain he would reflore. 
His appetite ynanfwer^d by his pow'r ; 


( 220 ) 

Round beauty's neck he twifts his withered arms^ 
Rpceiv'd with loathing to her venal charms : 
He rakes the aflies, when the fire is fpent. 
Nor gains fruition, though he gains confent. 
But can we fay 'tis. Providence's fault. 
If thus untimely all her gifts are fought. 
If fummer-crops which muft decay we keep. 
And in the winter would the harveft reap ?' 

When brutes, with what they are allowed content^ 
Liften to Nature, and purfue her bent. 
And ftill their powV with their ambition weigh*d. 
Gain what they can, but never force a trade : 
A thoufand joys her happy followers prove. 
Health, plenty, reft, fociety, and love. 
To us alone, in fatal ign'rance proud. 
To deviate from her diftates 'tis allow'd : 
That boafted gift our reafon to believe. 
Or let caprice, in reafon*s garb, deceive. 
To u5 the noble privilege is given 
Of wife refining on the will of heaven. 
Our (kill we truft, but lab'ring ftill to gain 
More than we can, lofe what we might obtain. 

Will the wife elephant defert the wood. 
To imitate the whale and raoge the flood ? 


( 221 ) 

r will the mole her native earth forfakc, 

I wanton madncfs to explore the lake ? 

et man, whom ftill ideal profit fways, 

hah thofe lefs prudent, and more blind than thefe, 

iTill quit his home, and ventVous brave the feas. 

Lnd when his ralhnefs its defert has found, ' 

"he fool furviving, weeps the fool that's drown'd. 

Herds range the fields, the feather'd kind the grove, 
;hoofe, woo, carefs, and with promifcuous love, 
Ls tafte and nature prompt, adhere, or rove ; 
"hey meet with pleafure, and with eafe they part, 
or beafts are only coupled by the heart, 
The body ftiU accompanies the mind, 
Uid when this wanders, that is unconfin'd : 
[Tie love that joined the fated pair once fled, 
rhey change their haunts, their pafture, and their bed. 
^o four-legg'd ideots drag, with mutual pain. 
The nat'ral cement pafs*d, an artful chain : 
rh* efFeft of paflion ceafes with the caufe, 
[^logg'd with no after- weight of forms or laws : 
To no dull rules of cuftom they fubmit. 
Like us they cool, but when they cool, they quit. 

Nor find we in the wood, the fea, or plain. 
One e'er elcfted o*er the reft to reign. 


( 222 ) 

If any rule, 'tis force that gives the law^ 

What brutes are bound in voluntafy awe ? 

Do they, like us, a ps^ant idol raife, 

Swoln with falfe pride, and flatter'd by falfe praiiCt 1^ 

Do they their equal, fometinfies lefs, revere i - . 

At once deteft and ferve, defpife and fear ? 

To ftrength inferior do they bend the knee ? 

With ears and eyes of others hear and iee ? 

Or ever veil a mortal god with pow'r ^^ 

To do thofe wrongs they afterwards deplore ? 

Thefe inftitutions are of man alone. 

Marriage and monarchy are both our own. 

Public oppreflion, and domeftic ftrife. 

Are ills which we ourfelves annex'd to life, 

God never made a hufband, king, or wife. 

Boaft then, oh man ! thy profitable gain. 

To folly polifti'd, civiliz'd to pain. 

Here would I launch into the various field 
Of all the cares our prejudices yield ; 
What multiply*d examples might be told. 
Of pains they give, and joys that they withhold ? 
When to credulity tradition preaches. 
And ign'rance praftifes what error teaches ? 

Would any feathered maiden of the wood. 
Or fcaly female of the peopled flood, 


( 223 ) 

hen luft and hunger calTd, its force refift ? 
abftiucncc, or chaftity^pcrfift ? 
id cry, ^ If Heftven^ intent' was underftood, 
'hefc taftes were only given to be withftodd.* 
would tihey wifely both thefe gifts improve, 
id eat when hungry, and when am'rous love ? 
Yet fuperftition, in. refigion^s name, 
ith &cuve puniihaacnt and prefent fhanne, 
n fright weak woman from her lover's arms, 
lio weeps with mutual p^n her ufelels charms ; 
liilft Ihe, poor wretch ! confum'd in fecret fires, 
ith pow'r tx) feize, foregoes what (he dcfircs, 
ill beauty fades, and inclination dies, 
id the fair tree, the ftuit ungather'dv dies. 
But are thefe ills, the ilia which Heaven defign'd f 
e we unfortunate, or are we blind? 
in poflcliion of our wi(hes curs'd, 
th'd in untafted fprings we die with thirft; 
we make miferies, what were bleffings meant^ 
id benefits convert to punilhment? 
When in the fpring the wife induftridUs bees , 
»lle£t the various bloom from fragrant. trees, 
trad the liquid fwect of every flow'r, 
d cull the garden to enrich their (tore : 

4. Should 

( 224 ) 

Should any pedant bee of all the hivCj' 
From this or that perfume the plunderers drive, . r 
And fay, that he by infpiration knows, 1 

Thefacred, tempting, interdidling rofe, V 

By Heav'n's command, though fweetef^ ufeleisgrOws: J 
Think you the fool would ever be obey'd. 
And that the lye wouid grow into a trade ? 
» Ev'n Turks would anfwer, no— and yet, we fee 
The vine, that rofe, and Mahomet, that bee. 
To thefe, how many proofs I yet could add. 
That man's fuperior fenfe is being mad ? 
That none, refining, their true int*reft view. 
But for the fubftance, ftill the (hade purfue. 
That oft perverfe, and prodigal of life, 
(Our powV and will at everlafting ftrifc) 
We wafte the prefent for the future hour. 
And, mifer-like, by hoarding, ftill arc poor. t 

Or foolilhly regretful of the paft. 
The good which yet remains negledt to tafte. 

Nor need I any foreign proof to bring, 
Myfelf an inftance of the truths I fing, 
Whilft in a court, repugnant to my tafte. 
From my lov'd friend thefe precious hours I wafte,' 
Why do I vainly here thy abfence mourn. 
And not anticipate thy wifh'd return ? 


( 2^5 ) 

Why ftay nly paflage to thofc happy fields. 
Where fate in thee my every pleafure yields ? 
Fortune allows the bleflings I refufe. 
And ev'n this moment, were my heart to choofe. 
For thee I fhould forfake this joylefs crowd. 
And not on paper think, but think aloud : 
With thy lov*d converfe fill the fhorten'd day. 
And glad my foul.— Yet here unpleas'd I ftay. 
And by mean, fanguine views of int*reft fway'd. 
By airy hopes, to real cares betray'd -, 
Lament a grievance which I might redrefs. 
And wi(h that happinefs I might poflefs. 

The P O E T's P R A Y E R. 

TF e*er in thy fight I found favour, Apollo, 
■*• Defend me from all the difafters which follow : 
From the knaves and the fools, and the fops of the time. 
From the drudges in profe, and the triflers in rhyme: 
From the patch-work and toils of the royal fack-bibber, 
Thofc dead birth-day odes, and the forces of Gibber : 
From fervile attendance on men in high places, 
Their worfhips, and honour^, and lordihips, and graces: 
Vol- III- P From 

( 216 ) 

From long dedications to patrons unworthy,' 
Who hear and receive, but will do nothing for the6 i 
From being carels'd to be left in the lurch. 
The tool of a party, in ftate or in church : 
From dull thinking blockheads, as fober as Tuiks; 
And petulant bards who repeat their own works : 
From all the gay things of a drawing-room (how. 
The fight of a Belle, and the fmell of a Beau : 
From bufy back- biters, and tatlers, and carpers. 
And fcurvy acquaintance of fidlers and {harpers : * 
From old politicians, and cofFee-houfe le£bures. 
The dreams of a chymift, and fchemcs of prqjeftors : 
From the fears of a jail, and the hopes of a penGon, 
The tricks of a gamefter, and oaths of an enfign : 
From Ihallow free-thinkers in taverns difputing. 
Nor ever confuted, nor ever confuting : 
From the conftant good fare of another man's boards 
My lady's broad hints, and the jefts of my lord i 
From hearing old chymifts preledting ie oUo^ 
And reading of Dutch commentators in folio : 
From waiting, like Gay, whole years at White-hall: 
From the pride of gay wits, and the envy of finall : 
From very fine ladies with very fine incomes. 
Which they finely layout on fine toys and fine trincums: 


( ««? ) 

From the prank$ of ricJottocs and court-mafquenldes, 
The fn^res of young jilts» and the fpite of old maids: 
From a faucy dull ftage, and fubmitting to (hart 
In an empty third night with a beggarly play'r : 
From Curl and fuch Printers a& v^ould ha' me curs*d 
To write fecond partSt let who will write the firft : 
From all pious patriots, who would to their bed. 
Put on a new tax, an4 take off an old ted : 
From the faith of informers, the fangs of the law, 
And the great rogues, who keep all the lefler in awe : 
From a poor country cure, that living interment, 
With a wife and no profped of any preferment : 
j?rpfB icribbling for hire, when my credit is funkf 
To buy a new coat, ^nd to line an old trunk : 
From 'fquires, who divert us with jokes at their tables. 
Of hounds in their kennels, and nags in their ftables : 
From the nobles and commons, who bound in ftrift 

league are 
To fubfcrihc for no book, yet fubicribe to Heidegger : 
From the cant of fanatics, the jargon of fchools. 
The cenfurcs of wife men, and praifcs of fools : 
From critics who never read Latin or Greek, 
And pedants, who boaft they read both all the week : 
From borrowing wit, to repay it like Buogel, 
Or lending, like Popb, to be paid by a cudgel ; 

P 2 U 

( ^28 ) 

If ever thou didft, or wilt evgr befriend me,' 
From thefe, and fuch evils, Apollo, defend rti^ 
And let me be rather but hoheft with no-wit. 
Than a noify nonfenfical half-witted poet. 

^B ^B ^2 C9 "» g% aS 8p ^S g^ ^2 ^S ^3 ^2 ^S C9 gp g» 


An EPISTLE to a Lady.. 

WHEN the heart akes with anguifh, pines with 
And heav'n and you alike deny relief; Lgnw, 
When ev'n the flatterer Hope is no where found, 
'Tis hard to feel the fmart, and not lament the wound. 
Permit me then to figh one laft adieu. 
Nor fcorn a^ forrow friendfhip owes to you : 
A friendfhip modefly might well return ; 
A forrow, cruelty itfelf might mourn. 
Think how the mifer, pierc'd with inward pain, 
JLQoks down with horror on the troubled main. 
Or wildly roams along the rocky coafl:, 
T* explore his treafures in the temped loft ; 
Hates his own fafety, chides the waves that roll'd 
Himfclf alhore, but funk his dearer gold. 
Like him afflifted, penfive, and forlorn, 

I look on life and all its pomp with fcorn. 



You was the fwcct*her of each bufy fcene 5 
You gave the joy without, the pain within. 
Pleafurc and you were both fo near ally*d. 
That when I lofV the one, the other dy*d % 
Pain too has lavilh*d all her killing ftore ; 
N3r can (he add, nor can I fufFer more. 

In vain I view'd you with as chaftc a fire. 
As angels mingle, or as faints admire ; 
By reafon prompted, pafCon had no part» 
A virtuous ardour, that refin*d the hearL 
In vain I fought a friendfhip free from fault. 
Where fcx and beauty were alike forgot : 
A fiiend(bip by the nobleft union join'd. 
The female fofmefs, and the manly mind. 
Courage to conquer evils, or endure : 
Sweetnefs to footh the pain, and fmiles to cure. 
Scandal, a bufy fiend, in Truth's difguife, 1 

Like Fame all covcr'd o'er with ears and eyes, > 

Learns the fond tale, and fpreads it as {he flies ^ j 
Nor fpreads alone,' but alters, adds, defames, 
Affefts to pity, though her duty blames ; 
Feigns not to credit all Ihe fees or hears, 
But hopes the evil only in her fears i 

P 3 Pretends 

( 830 ) 

Pretends to weigh the faft in cvtn fca!e, 

And wifh, at leaft, that juftice may prevail j 

Infinuates, diflfembles, lyes, betrays. 

Plays the whole hypocrite fuch various ways. 

That Innocence itfetf muft fuflfer wrong. 

And Honour bleed the prey of Slander's tongue* 

Such is my fate, fo grievous my diftrcfs. 
Condemned to fuffer, but deny'd redrefs : 
Too fond of joy, too fcnfiblc of pain. 
To part with all that's dear, and not complain x 
Too delicate to injure what I love. 
To alk the pity fame will ne'er approve. 
What more remains, then, but tx) drop my clalm^ 
And by my conduft juftify my flame ? 
Burft the dear bahdfe that to my heart-ftrings j<Ai| 
And facrifice my peace to purchafe thine ? 

As the fond- mother, who delirious eyes 

Her dying babe, will fcarce believe it dies 5 

But ftrains it ftill with tranfport in her arms, 


Dwells on its lips and numbers o'er its charms | 
Pleads that it flumbers, and expefts, in vaini 
To fee the little cherub live again : 
60 my torn heart muft all the forrows prove 
That torture conftancy, or fadden love : 


( «30 

Yet fondly follow your dear image ftill, 
Fanqr I hear you fpeak, I fee you finUe ; 
Doat on a phantom, idolize the name^ 
And wilh the fhade and fubftance were the iarne^ 

Alas ! how fruideis is the idle prayer ! 
The joy*s imagined, real the defpair. 
Like Adam forc'd his Eden to fbregoi, 
I lofe my only paradife below. 
And dread the profpeft of fucceeding woe. 


From Monf. De la Motte, Book V. Fable £• 

AS Genius, Virtui, Reputation, 
Three worthy friends, o'er all the nation 
Agreed to roam ; then pais the feas. 
And vifit Italy and Greece : 
By travel to improve their parts. 
And learn the languages and arts ; 
Not like our modem fc^ and beaus, . 

T* improve the pattern of their cloaths : 

P4 Thus 

( ^3* ) 

Thus Gekius faid ; — " Companions deari 
*' To what I fpeak, incline an ear. 
Some chance, perhaps, may us divide : 
Let us againil the worft provide, 
And give (bme fign by which to find 


** A friend thus loft, or left behind. 
** For me, if cruel fate fhould ever 


^* Me and my dear companions fever. 
Go, ieek me *midft the walls of Rome» 
At Angclo's or Raphael's tomb -, 
" Or elfe at Virgil's facred fhrine, 
y lyaqfienting with the mournful Nipe.*' 

Next Virtue, paufmg ; — (for (he knew 
The places were but very few, 
.Where Ihe could fairly hope to ftay 
'Till her companions came that way ;/ 
" Pafs by ((he cr/d) the court, the ball, 
** The mafquerade and carnival. 
Where ^11 in falfe difguife appear. 
But Vice, whofe face is ever bare ; 


" *Tis ten to one, I am not there. 
" CiELiA, the lovelieft maid on earth ! 

•I Fve been her friend, e-er fince her birth •, 
^' Perfeftion in her perfon charm^t 
t: And Virtue .all her bgfQm warms } 

t^ A match- 

( 233 ) 

^* A matehlefs pattern for the fair : 

*' Her dwelling feck, you'll find mc there.** 

Cry'd Reputation ; " I, Kke you, 
*' Had once a foft companion too t 
** As fair her perfon, and her fame, 
** And CoQUETTissA was her name. 
** Ten thoufand lovers fwell'd her train 5 
^' Ten thoufand lovers figh'd in vain j 
*' Where-e'er fhe went, the danglers came 5 
" Yet ftill I was her favourite flame, 
" 'Till once, -^ ('twas at the public (how) 
•* The play being done, we rofe to go 5 
^^ A thing, who long had ey'd the fair, 
*' Hisjieck ftifF yok'd in folitaire, 
'^ With clean white gloves firft made approach, 
^^ Then begg'd to lead her to her coach : 
^^ She fmil'd, and gave her lilly hand i 
** Away they trip it to the Strand : 
*• A hackney-coach receive the pair, 
*' They went to •— — ^ but, I won't tell where. 
^ Then loft fhe Reputation quite, 
^' Friends, take example from that night, 
** And never leave me from your fight. 
^^ For oh !" if cruel fate intends 

t £yer to part me from my friends^ 

** Think 

( «34 ) 

«* Think that Pm dead J iny doth depkifc^ 
•* But never hope to fee me more ! 
** In vain you*U feanch the world around i 
^ LoftReputaticm's ocver to be found." 


O R T H E 


From Monf. Ehs la Motte, Book IV. Fabk at. 

A Grove there was, by nature made. 
Of trees that form'd a pleafing fliade i 
Where warbled, ever free from cai«> 
The wing'd muficians of the air. 
Here tun'd the Nightingale her throat ; 
The Thrulh there thrill'd her piercing note i 
The Finch, Lark, Linnet, all agree 
To join the fylviui harmony. 

Two amorous Sparrows chole this place i 
The fofteft of the feathered race : 

4 The 

The Mars ^nd Vekw of tke grove % 
Lefs fam'd for finging thaix for love. 
The fongfters warbled fwcct i while they 
As fwectly bilPd their time away. 
So clofely featcd were the two. 
Together you would think they grew : 
The twig was flender \diere they fate. 
And bent beneath their little weight ; 
But fcarcely in their lives was known 
To bear the one, when one was flown. 
When hunger call'd, they left the wood^ 
Together fought the field for food 5 
When thfffly, in the fhaUow riUs 
Together dip'd their little bills. 
When Phoebus fitting in the weft. 
And thickening {hades invite to reft^ 
They homeward bent their mutual flight i' 
Thus pafs'd their day, thus pais'd their night« 
The caftle, where thefe lovers lay. 
Was in a hollow oak, they fay : 
There, fide by fide, all night they kept^ 
Together wak'd, together flept : 
And mixing amorous difport. 
They made their winter-evening Ihort. 




Though frtCy *twas left to cither's mind. 
To choofe a mace from all their kind. 
She only lov*d the loving he ; 
He only lov'd the lovely (he. 

Pure Joy, poor mortals feldbm find-^ 
Her footman. Sorrow, waits behind : 
And Fate impartial deals to all 
The honey'd potion mix'd with gall. 
This pair^ on an unhappy day, 
ToD far together chanc'd to ftray ; 
Benighted, and with (harts befet. 
Our Mars and Venus in a net, 
Alas ! were caught. — O change of ftatc I 
A little cage is now their fate. 
No more they feek the fpacious grove : 
No more they bum with mutual love : 
Their pa(rion changes with their life •, 
And foon they fall from love to fl^'ife. 
Their little fouls with growing rage 
High fwell ; they flutter round the cage ; 
Forget the (lender twig, where late 
Clofe fide by fide in love they fate ; 
One perch is now too fmall to hold 
The fiery mate and chirping fcpld : 


( 417 ) 

They peck each other o'er their food i 
And thirft: to drink each other's blood. 
Two cages muft the pair divide ; 
Or death the quarrel will decide. 
A pifture this of human life ! 
The modern hufband, and the wife.* 
Who e'er in courtfhip faw a pair. 
So kind as he, as (he fo fair ? * 

The kiflcs that they gave each other. 
You'd think had feal'd their lips together 5 
Each vows to each a mutual flame 1 
And dreams, 'twill always laft the fame ; 
But fix them once in Hymen's chains. 
And each alternately complains^ 
The honey-moon is fcarce decfin'd^ 
But all the honey, of their mind 
Is gone ; and leaves the fting behind. 
The fcene of love is vanilh'd quite : 
They pout, grow peevifh, fcold, and fight* '^ 
Two tables feed each parted gueft 5 
Two beds receive the pair to reft : 
And law alone can end the ftrife. 
With feparatc-maintenance for life. 



O YE! 

TT7 H O by retirement tq thefc facred gft)ves 
^ ^ Impregnate fancy, and qn thought divine 
Build harmony ->» if fudden gbw your fareaffc 
With infpiration» and the r^pt^rous fong 
Burfts from a mind unconfcioiis whence it iprang :' 

-^ Know that the filters of thefe hallowed hauntS) 
Dryad or Hamadryad, though no more 
From Jove to man prophetic truths they fing ; 
Are ftill attendant on the lonely bard. 
Who ftep by ftep thefe filent woods among 
Wanders contemplative, lifting the foul 
From lower cares, by every whifp'ring breeze 
Tun'd to poetic mood ; and fill the mind 
With truths oracular, themfelves of old 
Deign'd utter from the Dodgnean ihrine. 


( «39) 


ODE to W I S D O M. 

By a LADY. 

TH E folitary bird of night 
Thro' the thick fliades now wingi hiallight. 
And quitt his time-ifaook tow^r i 
Where, fheltcr'd from the blaze of dajr» 
In philofophic gloom he lay 
Beneath his ivy bow'r. 

With joy I hear the taicmn founds 
Which midnight echoes waft around. 

And fighing gales repeat. 
Favorite of Pallai ! I attend. 
And faithful to thy fummons, bend 

At WisiK>M*3 aweful feat. 

She loves the cool, the (ilent eve. 
Where no falfe ihews of life deceive,' 
Beneath the lunar ray. 



Here FpUy drops each vain di%uife< 
Nor fport her gaily-colour'd dyes. 
As in the beam of day. 

■ • • • 

O Pallas ! queen of every arti * 

That glads the lenfe, and mends jiic hon^ 

Bleft iburce of purer joys ; ' 

In every form of beauty 4)right9 
That jcaptivates th^ mental fighc . 

With pleafure and furprize : 

. ■ ■♦ ■ 

At thy unfpottcd fhrinc I .bow j "*• ^ 

Attend thy modeft fuppliant's vow. 

That breathes no wild dcfires : 
But taught by thy unerring rules, ^ 

To fhun the fruitlefs wifh of fools, - 

To nobler views aipires. 

Not Fortune's gem. Ambition's plume. 
Nor Cytherea's fading bloom. 

Be objefts of my pray'r: 
Let Av'rice, Vanity, and Pride, 
Thofe envy'd glittVing toys, divide 

The dull rewards of care, 


( ^40 

To mc thy better gifb impart. 
Each mor^ beauty of the hearty 

B^ iluidious thoughts refined : 
For Wealth, the fmilcs of glad Content 5 
For Pow*r, its ampleft, beft extent. 

An empire o*er the mind- 
When FoRTUNB drops her gay parade; 
When Pl£asur2's tranfient rofes fade. 

And wither in the tomb ; 
Unchang*d is thy immortal prize. 
Thy ever-verdant laurels rife 

In undecaying bloom. 

By thee protefted, I defy 

The coxcomb*s fneer, the ftupid lye 

Of Ignorance and fpite : 
Alike contemn the leaden fool. 
And all the pointed ridicule 

Of undifcerning wit. 

From envy, hurry, noife and ftrifc. 
The dull impertinence of life. 

In thy retreat I reft: 
Vol. III. CL P^^« 

( H2 ) 

Purfue thee to the peaceful ffovts^ 
Where Plato's facred fpirit iove6> 
In all thy beauties drels^d. 

He bade Iliflus' biheful dream 
Convey thy philofophiC thenie 

Of Perfedt, Fair, and Good : 
Attentive Athena caught the found. 
And all her liffning font around 

In aweful filence ftood : 

Reclaim'dy her wild licentious youth 
Confefs'd the potent voice of Truth^ 

And felt its juft controul : 
The Pafllons ceas'd their loud alarms. 
And Virtue's foft perfiiafive charms 

O'er all their fenfes ftole. 

Thy breath infpires the Poet*5 fong. 
The Patriot's free, unbiafs'd tongue. 

The Hero's gen'rous ftrife ; 
Thine are Retirement's fdcnt joys. 
And all the fweet engaging ties 

Of ftill domeftic life. 

( Mi ) 

•w V 

Tp the fupreme alUpcrfeft Mind 

My thoughts direft their ffight : 
Wifdom's thy gift, and all her force 
From thee derived, eternal fource 
Of intelleftual light. 

O fend her fure, her fteady ray. 
To regulate my doubtful way 

Through life's perplexing road : 
The mifts of error to controul. 
And through its gloom direft my (bul 

To happinefs and good. 

Beneath her clear difceming eye 
The vifionary ihadows fly 

Of Folly's painted Ihow : 
She fees through every fair difguife. 
That all but Virtub's folid joys 

Are vanity and woe. 

0^2 To 


To a G EN T L fi M A N, 

On his intending to cut down a GRoys to cola 

his Profpeft. 

By the Same. 

TN plaintive founds, that tun*d to woe. 
^ The fadly-fighing breeze, 
A weeping Hamadryad mourn*d 
Her fate-devoted trees. 

• » » 

Ah ! ftop thy facrilegious hand. 

Nor violate the fhade. 
Where Nature formed a filent haunt 

For Contemplation's aid. 

Can'ft thou, the fon of Science, bred 

Where learned Ifis flows. 
Forget that, nurs'd in ftielt'ring groves. 

The Grecian genius rofe ? 

Within the plantane's fpreading fliade. 

Immortal PtATO taught; 
And fair Lyceum form'd the depth 

Of Aristotle's thought. 



To Latian groves reflcft thy views, 
^^^, And blefs the Tufcan bloom ; 

Where Eloquence deplored the fate 
Of Liberty and Rome. 

Retired beneath the beechen fhade. 
From each infpiring bough 

The Mufes wove th' unfading wreaths 
That circled Virgil's brow. 

Refleft before the fatal ax 

My threatened doom has wrought ; 
Nor facrifice to fenfual tafte 

The nobler growth of thought. 


Not all. the glowing fruits that blufh 

On India's fiinny coaft, 
Can recompence thee for the worth 

Of one idea loft. 

My fhadc a produce may fupply. 

Unknown to folar fire ; 
And what excludes Apollo's rays. 

Shall harmonize his lyre. 



T H 5 



A P O E Mt 



Mei^pomens;: otf The Mdancholy. 

— Reafon thus with Life y 

If I do lofe thee^ I do lofe a thing j 
That none but fools would weep. 

Shakbsp. Meaf. fof Mcaf. 

A^FFSPRIJ^G of folly and of noifr, 

^^ Fantaftic train of ajiy joys, 
Ceafe, ceafe your vain delufivc lore, 
. Afid tempt my ferious thoughts no ihore. 


( H7 ) 

Yc horrid fofms^ ye gloOmjr thiiong^ 
Who hear the bird c£ midnight's fongi 
Thou too Despair, pale fpedre, come^ 
From the felf-murd'rer^s haunted tomb» 
While fad Melpomins relate^ 
How we're aifii£ted by the faces« 

What's all this wiih'd-for empire> Life 9 
A fcene of mis'fy» Care, and ftrife ; 
And make the dioft, that's all we havtf 
Betwixt the cradle and die ^ave. 
The being is not worth the charge. 
Behold the eftimate at large. 
Our youth is filly, kfle, vain i 
Our zgp is full of care and pain % 
From wealdi accrues anxiety ; 
Contempt and want fnMi poverty; 
What trouble bufinefr has in ftofe I 
How idleneft fatigues us more ! 
To reafon, th' ^noratit are blind i 
The Icarned's eyes arc too rcfin'd i 
Each wit deems every wit his foe» 
Each fool is naturally fo ^ 
And every rank and every ftation 
Meet jufUy with difapprobauon. 


Say, mUj is this the boafted ftate, ' 

Where all is pkaiant, all is great ? 

Alas I another face you'll fee. 

Take off the vwl of vanity. 

Is aught in pleafure, aught in pow'r. 

Has wifdom any gift in ilorc» 

To make thee ilay a fingle hour ? 

Tell me» ye youthful, who approve 
Th' intoxicating fweets of love^ ^ 
What endlefs namekls throbs arife. 
What heart-felt an'guUh and what fighs. 
When jealoufy has gnawed the root, 
Whence love's united branches ihoot. 
Or grant that Hymen Hghts his torch. 
To lead you to (he nuptial porch. 
Behold ! the long'd«for rapture o'er ! 
Defire begins 1:0 lofe its pow'r. 
Then cold indifterenco takes place. 
Fruition alters quite the cafe \ 
And what before was extafy. 
Is fcarcel^now civility. 
Your children bring a fecond care } 
If childlefs,' then you want an heir \ 
So that in both alike you find 
The fame perplexity of mind. 



( «49 ) . 

Do powV or wealth morccomfort own ? 
Behold yon pageant on ^ throne. 
Where filkcn fwarms of flattery 
Obfequious wait his afldng eye. 
But view within his torturM bre^fl:. 
No more the doWhy feat of reft, 
Sufpicion cads her poifon'd dart. 
And guilt, that fcorpion, fUhgs his heart 

Will knowledge give us^ happinefs ? 
In that, alas ! we know there's lefs^ 
For every pang of mental woe ^ 
Springs from the faculty, to kfum. 

Harki at the death-betdc-ning knell 
Of yonder doleful pafl[mg-bdl. 
Perhaps a friend^ 'a fieither's dead. 
Or the lov*d partner of thy bedl 
Perhaps thy only fbn lies thei^, 
Breathleis ti'poiil the fable bier I 
Say, what can eaie the prefenc grief^ 
Can former joys afibrd rdirf"? 
Thofe former joys rerttemberM ftiMt 
The more iugnfent the fcceixt iUi 
And where you feek for comfort, flpin 
Additional increSfe of pahi. ^ 


C «J<» ) 

"What woes from mortal ills accrue ! 
And what from natural enfue I 
Difeafe and cafualty attend 
Our footfteps to the journey's end ; 
The cold catarrh, the gout and ftone. 
The dropfy, jaundice, join'd in cine^ 
The raging fever's inward heat. 
The pale confumption's fatal fweat. 
And thouiand nK)re diftempers roam,, 
To drag us to th' eternal home. 
And when folution fets us free 
From prifon of mortality. 
The ibul dilated joins in air. 
To go, alas ! we know not where. 
And the poor body will become 
A clod within a lonely toniilx. 
ReflefUon fad ! fuch bodies mud 
Return, and imngle With the duft ! 
But neither ienfe nor beauty have 
Defenfive charms againil the grave. 
Nor virtue's Ihield, nor wifdom's lore. 
Nor true religion's facred pow'r i 
For as that charnel's earth you fee. 
E'en, my Eudocia, you will be. 



P A R T II. 

Calliope; or, Th<? Cbcarfql, 

Inter cunSa leges et percunHahere d$8os 
^ua ratione queas traducere leniter avum^ 

HoR. Lib. }. Ep« f 8f 

GRIM Superftxtion, hence away 
To native nighty and leave the dar^ 
Nor let thy hellifh brood appear. 
Begot on Ignoraiioe and Fear. 
Come, gentle Mirth, and Gaiety, 
Sweet daughter of Society ; 
Whilft fair Calliopi purfues 
Flights worthy of the chearfid Mufe, 

O life, thou great eflcntial good, 
Where every bleffing's underftood ! 
Where Plenty, Freedom, Pleafure meet^ 
To make each fleeting moment fweet^ 
Where moral Love and Innocence, 
The balm of fwe^t Cpnt^n? difpenfe. 


( aja ) 

Where Peace expands her turtle wing^ 
And Hope a conftant requiem fings^ 
With eafjr thought my bread infpire. 
To thee I tune the fprightly lyre. 
From Heav'n this emanation flows^ 
To Heav*n ag^n the wandVer goes : 
And whilft employ*d beneath on earth. 
Its boon attendants, Eaie and Mirth, 
Joined with the Social Virtues three. 
And their calm parent Charity, 
Coodufb it to the facred plains 
Where Happinefs terreftrial reigns. 
'Tis Difcontent alone deftrojrs 
The harveft of our ripening joys ; 
Refolve to be exempt from woe. 
Your refolution keeps you fo. 
Whatever is needful man receives. 
Nay more fuperfluous Nature gives. 
Indulgent parent, fource of blifs, 
Pro&fe of goodncfs to excels ! 
For thee 'tis, man, the zephyr blows. 
For thee the purple vintage flows. 
Each flow'r its various hue difplays. 
The lark exalts her vernal lays. 

•b • 

(«53 ) 

T* view yon azure vtolt is thiric. 
And my Eudocia's fonn divine. 

Hark ! how the renovating Spring 
Invites the fcather'd choir to fing. 
Spontaneous mirth and rapture glow 
On every fhrub, and every bough. 
Their little airs a leilbn give, 


They teach us mortals how to live. 

And well advife us whilft we can. 

To fpend in joy the vital fpan. 

Ye gay and youthful all advance. 

Together knit in feftive dance. 

See blooming Hebe leads the way, . ^ .^ 

For youth is Nature's holiday. 

If dire Misfortune fhould employ 

Her dart to wound the timely joy. 

Solicit Bacchus with your prayV, 

No earthly goblin dares come near,' 

"',,».'« -J 

Care puts an eafier afpeft oh, 


-Pale Anger fmpoths her threatening frown. 
Mirth comes in Melancholy's ftcad. 

And Difcontent conceals her head. 

...» • - ■ - . 

The thoughts on Vagrant pinions fly. 
And mount exulting to the (ky i 


* ^ . V 


Tlience with enraptuPd views look dowd 
On golden emfHres all dieir own. 

Or let, when Fancy fpreads her fails^' 
Love waft you on with eafier gaks. 
Where in the foul-bewitching groves^' 
EuPHROsiNE, iweet goddelS) rov6si 
'Tis rapture all, 'tis extafy ! 
An earthly innniortality t 
This all the ancient Bards employ'd^ 
'Twas all the ancient Gods enjoy'd. 
Who often ftom the realms above 
Came down on earth t* indulge in love. 

Still there*s one greater blifs in ftore, 
*Tis virtuous Friendfhip's focial hour. 
When goodnefs from the heart fincere 
Pours forth Compaffion's balmy tear, 
For from thofe tears fuch tranlports flow. 
As none but friends, and angels know. 

Bleft ftate ! where every thing confpires 
To fill the breaft with heavenly fires ! 
Where for a while the foul mufl roam. 
To preconceive the ftate to come. 
And when through life the journey's paft. 
Without repining or diftafte, 


( ^5S ) 

Again the fpirit wili repair. 
To breathe a more celeftial air. 
And reap, where bleflfiKl beings gloWf 
Completion of the joys below. 


Terpsichore: ar> The Moderate. 

HoM. Od e, 

H^ec fatis eft or are Jovem^ fui dcnat et aufert \ 
Dei vitam^ det opes : aquum mi animum ipfe parah. 

Hqk. Lib. I. Ep, 1 8. 

DESCEND, Aftnea, from above. 
Where Jove*s celeftial daughters rove. 
And deign once more to bring with thee 
Thy earth-deferting family. 
Calm Temperance, and Patience mild. 
Sweet Contemplation's heavenly child^ 
Refledion firm, and Fancy free. 
Religion pure, and Pr€)bity, 
Wbilft all the Heliconian throng 
Shall join Terpsichore in foog. 

4 Ere 

( 256 ) 

Ere man great Reafbti's lord was made^- 
Or the world's firft foundations laid. 
As high in their divine abodes, 
Confuldng fate the mighty gods^ 
Jove on the chaos looking down. 
Spoke thus from his imperial throne ; 
•* Ye deities and potentates, 
** Aerial powers, and heav'nly ftates, 
^^ Lo, in that gloomy place below, 
*' Where darknefs reigns and difcord now, 
•* There a new world (hall grace the fkies, 
•* And a new creature formed arife, 
" Who (hall partake of our perfedions. 
And live and aft by our direftions, 
(For the chief blifs of any ftation 
Is nought without communication) 
Let therefore every godhead give 
•* What this new being (hould receive, 
** But care important muft be had, 
*' To mingle well of good and bad, . 
" That by th* allaying mbcture, he 
" May not approach to deity/* 

The fovereign fpake, the gods agree. 
And each began in his degree : 



( 257 ) 

^hind the throne of Jove there ftood 

Two veffels of celefti^ wood^ 

Containing juft two equal mcafur€S> . 

One fiird with pain, and one with' pleafures ; 

The gods drew out from both of thefc. 

And mix'd 'em with their efl^nces, 

(Which effences are heavenly ft^ll, 

When undifturb'd bynat'ral ijl^ 

And man to moral good is prone, > 

Let but the moral pow'rs alone, 

Aod not pervert 'em by tuition^ 

Or conjure *em by fuperftition.) 

Hence man partakes an equal fliare . . 

Of pleafing thoughts and gloomy care^ 

And Pain and Pleafure e'er fhall be. 

As * Plato fays, in company- , 

Receive the one, and foon the other 

Will follow to rejoin his brothen 

Thofe who with pious pain purfue 

Calm Virtue, by her facrcd clue^ 

Will furely find the mental treafure 

Of Virtue, only real pleafure ; 

• See the Pbado of Plato. 

Vol. IIL R J^ollow 

< «58 ) 

Follow the pleafurable road« 
That fatal Siren reckons good, 
'Twill lead thee to the gloomy cell. 
Where Pain and Melancholy dwtlL 
Health is the child of Abftinence^ 
Difeafe, of a luioirious &nfe ^ 
Defpair, that hellilh fiend, proceeds 
From loofen'd thou^ts, and impbus deeds 
And the fweet ofl^pring of Content, 
Flows from the mind's calm government. 
Thus, mai\, thy itatc is free from woe, ■ 
If thou would'ft chufe to make it fo« 
Murmur not then at Heav'n's decreej 
The gods have given thee liberty. 
And plac'd within thy confcious brcafts 
Reafon, as an unerring teft. 
And fhould'ft thou fix on mifery. 
The fault is not in them, but thee. 

■-■ r\ 


( ^59 ) 

^9 «9 ^9 Cf ^S 9f 3f sS ^S ^£ %&. ^S flt^w ^f Q %f ^s U ^£ «s SS Cp «S Id 




By Mr. Vansittart. 

T TAPPY the babe wh^ofe natal hour 
^ -■• The Mufc propitious deigns to grace^ 
No frowns on his (oft fore-head lowr. 
No cries diftort his tender face ; 
But o*er h^ ^;kild^ forgetting all her pangs, 
Infatbte of berfmile$9 th^.raptur'd parent hangs^ 


Let ftatefmeo on the fleeplefs bed 

The fate of realms and princes weigh. 
While in the agonizing l^ad 
They foraa ideal fcenes of fway ; 
Not long, alas \ the fancied c^rms delight, 
|i^i$)dit, l]i(ic jjpcQjc-form% jfl f^lent ftkajdes of night. 

R 2 IIL Ye 

( t6o ) 

ft I 


Ye heavy pedants, dull of lore. 

Nod o*er the taper's livid flame i 
Ye mifers, ftill increafc your ftocc ; 
Still tremble at the robber's name : 
Or fliuddVing from the recent dream arife. 
While vifionary fire glows dreadful to your eyes. 


Far other joys the Mufes fliow*r • ■ ^ 

Benignant, on the Aching breaft, 
*Tis theirs in the lone, chearlefs hour. 
To lull the laboring heart to reft: 
With brightening calms they glad the profpeA drear. 
And bid each groan fubfide, and dry up every tear* 

From earthly mifts, ye gentle Nine ! 
Whene'er you purge the vifual ray. 
Sudden the landfcapes fairer fhine. 
And blander fmiles the face of day : 
EVn Chloe*s lips with brighter vermil glow. 
And on her youthful cheek the rofe-buds frefher blo^ 

VI. When 

( 26i ) 


When Boreas founds his fierce alarms. 

And all the green-clad nymphs are fled^ 
Oh ! then I lie in Fancy's arms 
' On fragrant May's delicious bed ; 
And through the (hade, flow-creeping from the dale. 
Feel on my drowfy face the lilly-breathing gale. 


Or on the mountain's airy height 

Hear Winter call his howling train, 
Chas'd by the Spring and Dryads light. 
That now refume their blifsful reign : 
While fmiling Flora binds her Zephyr's brows. 
With every various flow'r that Nature's lap beftows. 

More potent than the Sybil's gdd 
That led -ffineas' bold emprize, 
^ When you. Calliope, unfold 


Your laurel branch, each phantom flies ! 
Slow cares with heavy wings beat the dull air. 
And dread, and pale-ey 'd grief, and pain and black dcQpair. 

R 3 IX. With 

( 262 ) 


With you ErlyfiutD's happy boVrs, 

The manftons of the glorious dead« 
I vifit oft, and cull the flow'rs 

That rife fpontaaeous to. your tf ead i 
Such a6tive rirtue warms that pregnant eafdi. 
And heat'n with kindlier hand aflifta each genial falnitt 

I f 

t ^ 



Here oft I wander through the gloom^ ' ! 

While pendent fruit the leaves among i' » 
Gleams through the Ihade with golden blcdOit v 
Where lurk along the feathered throng, 
Whofe notes th* eternal fpnng unceallng chear« 
Nor leave in mournful filence half the drooping^ yaw 


And oft I view atong the plain 

With flow and foknin fteps proceed 
Heroes and chiefs, ati aweftjl train, 
And high exalt the laurell'd head \ 
Submifs I honour every facred name^ 
Pfeep in the column grav'd of adamantine famfi. 

XII. But 

C 263 > 

But ceafe, my Mufe, with tender wing 

Unfledg'd, etherul ffight to dare. 
Stern Cato's bold dilcoiirfe to fing^ 
Or paint immortal Brutus' air; 
May Bntatir ne'er the weight of fl^v'ry feel. 
Off bid a Brwus (hake for her his crimfon fteel ! 

Lo ! yoflder ne^^ntly laid 

Faft by the ftream's impurpled fide. 
Where through the thick-entangled (hade. 

The radiant waves of nedar glide, 


Each facred poet ftr&es his tunef\d lyre. 

And wakes the ravifh'd heart, and bids the ibul aipire* 


No more is heard the plaintive (brain. 

Or plealing Melancholy's (bng, 
Tibullus here forgets his pain. 

And joins the love-exulting throng ; 
For Cupid flutters round with golden dart. 
And fiercely twangs his bow at every rebel heart* 

R4 XV. There 

(2^4 J 


There ftreteh'd at cafe Anacreon gay j 
. And on his meeting Lefbia's breaft, 


With eye half-rais'd Catullus lay. 
And gaz'd himfclf to balmy rpft : 
While Venus' felf through all the am'rous 
With kifles frefh-diftilFd fupply'd their conftant Imeti^ 


Now Horace' hand the ftring in(pir*d, "* 

My foul, innpatient as he fung. 
The Mufe unconquerable fir*d. 

And heavenly accents feiz'd my tongue % 
Then locked in admiration fweet I bow'd, * 

ponfefs'd his potent art, nor could forbear aknid. * 

Jiail glorious bard ! whofe high command, 

A thoufand vawQus ftrings obey. 
While joins and irtbces to thy hand 
At once the bold and tender lay ! 
Not mighty Homer down Parnaflus fteep, 
Jlolls the full tide of verfe fo clear, apd yet fo deep. 


( 265 ) 

O could I catch one ray divine 
From thy intolerable blaze I 
To pour ftrong luftre on my line. 
And my afpiring long to raile ; 
Then (hould the Mufe her choiceft influence Ihed^ 
Afid with eternal wreaths entwine my^loitvlieadL 


Then would I fing the fons of Fame, 
Th* immortal chiefi of ancient age^ 
Or tell of love's celeftial flame. 
Or ope fair friendfliip's facred page,' 
And leave the fuUen thought and flru^ling groan^ 
To take their watchful ftands around the gaudy thnmc*' 


( 2^) 



The POWER of I» C E T R Y. 

TT 7HEN tuneful Or(>hcus ftrovc bj nKmnj^ftnui 

^ ^ To footh the furious hate of rugged IVwdns : 
The lift'ning multitude was pleas'd, 

Ey'n Rapine ckop'd her ravifh'd prej^^ 
*Till by the fitft oppreffion feiz*d. 
Each favage heard his rage away ; 
And now o'ercome, in kind confem they moM^ 
And aH » harmoiiy, and aU;i& love ! 


Not fo, when Greece's chief by hcav'n infpir'd. 
With love of arms each glowing bofom fir'd : 
But now the trembling foldier fled 

Regardlefs of Uie glorious prize \ 
And his brave thirft of honour dead. 
He durft not meet with hoflile eyes ; 
Whilft glittering fhields and fwords, war's bright array. 
Were either worn in vain, or bafely dirown away. 

III. Soon 


Soon as the hero by his martial ftrains. 
Had kindled virtue in their frozen veins : 
Afrelh the warlike fpirit grows. 

Like flame, the brave contagion ran. 
See in each fparkling eye it glows, 
And catches on from man to man ! 
•Till rage in every breaft to fear fucceed 5 
And now they dare, and now they wilh to bleed f 

With different movements fraught, were Maro's lays. 
Taught flomng grief, and kind concern to raiie : 
He fung Marcellus' mournful name ! 
In beauty's, and in glory's bloom. 
Torn from himfelf, from friends, from fame. 
And rapt into an early tomb ! 
He fung^ and forrow ftole on all. 
And fighs began to heave, and tears began to fall f 

But Rome's high emprefs felt the greateft fmart^ 
Touch'd both by nature, and the poet's art : 
For as he fung the mournful ftrain. 

So well the hero's portraiture he drew. 
She faw him licken, fade agam. 
And in defcription bleed anew. 




Then pierc*d, and yielding to the melring lay. 
She figh'dy fhe fainted^ funk, and died away. 



Thus numbers once did human breafts controul ! 
Ah ! where dwells now fuch empire o'er the foul? 
Tranfported by harmonious lays, 

The mind is melted down, or burns : 
With joy o'er Windfor-foreft ftrays. 
Or grieves when Eloifa mourns : 
Still the fame ardour kindles every line. 
And our own Pope is now, what Virgil was, divine. 

To a Young Lady with FoN'rE^fELLE's Plu- 
rality of Worlds. 

T N this fmall work, all nature's wonders fee, 
•*• The foften'd features of philofophy. 
In truth by eafy fteps you here advance. 
Truth as diverting, as the beft romance. 
Long had thefe arts to fages been confin'4. 
None faw their beauty, 'till by poring blind •, 
By ftudying fpent, like men that cram too full. 
From Wifdom's feaft they rofe not chear'd, but dull : 


( 269 ) 

The gay and airy fmil'd to fee *em grave. 
And fled fuch wifdom like Trophonius* cave. 
Juftly they thought they might thofe arts defpife. 
Which made men fullen, ere they could be wife. 
Brought down to fight, with eafe you view *em here j 
Though deep the bottom, yet the dream is clear* 
Your fluttering fex fl:ill valued fcience Icfs ; 
Carelefs -of any but the arts of drels. 
Their ufelefs time was idly thrown away 
On empty novels, or fome new-born play ; 
The bcft^ perhaps, a few loofe hours might fpare 
For fome unmeaning thing, mifcaird a pray'n 
In vain the glitt'ring orbs, each fl:arry night. 
With mingling blazes flied a flood of light : 
E^ach nymph with cold indifference faw *em rife 5 
And, taught by fops, to them preferred her eye3. 
None thought the ftars were funs fo widely fown. 
None dreamt of other worlds, befides our own. 
Well might they boaft their charms, when every fair' 
Thought this world all ; and hers the brightcft here. 
Ah ! quit not the large thoughts this book infpire^ 
For thofe thin trifles which your fex admires : 
Aflert your claim to fenfe, and fliew mankind. 
That reafon is not to themfelves confin'd. 



The haughty belle, ^b6k htantfs awe^ fiurint 
Hi'were facrilege t' imagiiie not divine. 
Who thougfit fo greatly of her eyes before. 
Bid her read this, and then be vain no more. 
How poor ev'n you, who reign without Gonttoul^ 
If we except the beauties of your foul ! 
Should all beholders feel the fame lurprize : 
Should all who fee you, fee you with my eyes : 
Were no fick blafts to msdce that beauty left : 
Should you be what I think, what all con£e& : 
'Tis but a narrow fpace thofe charms engage 1 
One idaod only, and not half an age ! 

%S. s3e MM. St SS S9 bSp ss sD? ^s IS mm. 5K as. 9m. «S 9M 22 ss sS ^S SS ^X ^9 J 

S O N 6. 


By D. G. 

T F truth can fix thy wavering heart, 
"■^ Let DiuBon urge his claim. 
He feels the paffion void of art. 
The pure, th^ conftant Same. 



( »7» ) 

Though fighing fwains their torments tell, 
/ Their Ifii^&iid Itivc ODOtroui : 
They only prize the beauteous Ihell, 
But flight the inward gein. 

PofleiTion cures the wounded hearty 

Deftroys the tranlient fire ; < 
But when the mind receives the dart» 

Enjoyment whets delire. 

Bf agie ymr beauty wlU decay9 . 

Your mind improves with years i 
As when die bloflbms £ade away. 

The rip'oing fruit appears. 

May Heav'« and Sylvia grant my iiik> 

And blcfs the future hour. 
That {);^mon, who can tafte the fruit. 

May gather cv^ flower t 



( m) 

To the Author of the Farmer's^ Letters, 
which were written in Ireland in the Year of 
Ae Rebellion, by Henry Brooke, Eig; 1745, 

By the Same^ 



^^ H thou, whofe artlefs, free-born genius charms,' 

^^ Whofe ruftic zeal each patriot bofom warms j 

Purfue the glorious tafk, the pleafing toil, 

Forfake the fields and //// a nobler foil ; 

Extend the Farmer^s care to human kind. 

Manure the heart, and cultivate the mind; 

There plant re^gion, reafpn, freedom, truth,^ ^ ^ . 

And few the feeds of virtue in bur youth : 

Let no rank weeds corrupt, or brambles choak, • ' 

And fhake the vermin from the Britifh oak % 

From northern blajis proteft the vernal bloom. 

And guard our paftureS from the wolves of Romt. 

On Britain's liberty ingraft thy name. 

And reap the harvejl of immortal famlfe ! 


■ » • ' 

V E k S E S written in a Book called. 
Fables for the Female Sex. 

By the Same. 

WHILE here the poet paints the charms 
Which blefs the perfed dame, 
How unafFefted beauty warms, 
. And wit preferves the flame ^ 

How prudence, virtue, fenfe ^ree. 

To form the happy wife : 
In Lucy, and her book, I fee. 

The Pidhire, and the Life. 

VERSES written in Sylvia's PRIOR. 

By the Same. 

T TNtouch*d by love, uhmov'd by wit, 
^^ I found no charms in Matthew's lyre. 
But unconccrn'd read all he writ. 

Though k>v€ and Phoebus did infpire i 
. Vol. IIL S ^Fill 

( 274 ) 

rrill SvLvrA took her favourite's part, 
Rcfolv^d to prove my judgment wrong ; 

tier proofs prevjol^d, they reached my hearty 
And ibon I fdt the poefs fong. 



Upon a L A D Y s Embrqiixery 

By the Same. 

ARACHNE once, as poets teU, 
A goddeis at her art defy'd ; 
But foon the daring mortal fell 
The haplefs vidtim of her pride; 

O then beware Arachne*s fate. 
Be prudent, Chloe, andfubmit; 

For you'll more furely feel her hate. 
Who rival both her Art and Wit. 


DEATH and the DOCTOR. 

ccafiooed by a Fhyfician's lampooning a Friend of 

the Author. 

By the Same. 

AS Dodtor * * mufmg fate, 
Death faw, and came without delay : 
Enters the room, begins the chat 
With, ** Do6bor, why fo thoughtful, pray V\ 

The Doftor ftarted from his place. 
But foon they more familiar grew : 

And then he told his piteous cafe. 
How trade was low, and friends were few. 


Away with fear/* the phantom faid. 
As foon as he had heard his tale : 

" Take my advice and mend your trade. 
We both are lofers if you faiL 



Go write, your wit in fatire fliow. 
No matter, whether fmart, or true ; 

Call * * names, the greateft foe 
To dulnefs, folly, .pride, and you. 

S 2 " Then 

( ^6 ) 

^* Then copies fprcad, there lies the 
** Among your friends befure you fend *cm : 


For all who read will foon grow ack^ 
And when you^re call'd upon, attend 'on; 

•* Thus trade increafing by degrees, 
. ^ Dodtor, we both fliall have our ends ! ,^ 
** For you arc furc to have your fees, 
" And I am furc to have your friends.** . ;^ 

INSCRIPTIONS on a Monumeftt^ to the 
Memory of a Lady's favourite Bullfinch* 

By the Same. 

On the Front of the Stone. 


Blandientis Volucris 

Hunc Lapidem 


D — G— 

ct hoc 

NobiUffimie LucU 

Officii fui 


quale quale eft 



{^77 ) 

On the Right Side. 
rr^ H E goddcflcs o£ wit and I<wrc 

^ Have patroniz'd the owl and dove; 
From whole protedion both lay claim 
To immortality and fame : 

Could wit alone, or beauty, give 
To birds die fame prerogative ; 
My double claim had fate defyd. 
And * Lucy's fav'rite ne'er had dy^d. 

On the Left Side. 
rp HOUGH here my body lies interred, 

^ I ftill can be a tell-tale bird ; 
If Davii> fliould pollute thefe fliades. 
And wanton with my lady's maids 5 
Or Dick fneak out to field or park. 
To play with Mopsy in the dark ; 
Or Will, that noble, generous youth. 
Should err from wifdom, tafte, and truth ; 
And blefs'd with all that's fair and goodi 
Should quit a fcaft for groflcr food : 

' Coantefft of R > ■ d> 

S3 ru 


( «78 ) 

ril rife again a reftlefs Iprite, 
Will haunt my lonely c^e by night ; 
There fwell my throat and plume my wing^ 
And every tate to Lucy fing. 

The Trial of SELIM the PERSIAN, 

For divers High Crimes and Mifdemeanours. 

rr^ HE court won mict ; the prisoner brought i 
^ The council with inftrudion fraught i 
And evidence prepared at large. 
On oath, to vindicate the charge. 

But firft 'tis meet, where form denies? 
Poetic h^ps of fancyM lies, 
Gay (Tieuphors, and figures fine. 
And fimiles to deck the line ; 
*Tis meet (as we before have faid) 
To call defcription to our aid. 

Begin we then (as firft *tis fitting) 
With the three Chiefs in judgment iitting^ 
Above the reft, and in the chair. 
Sat Faction with diflembled air; 
Her tongue was fkill'd in fpecious lyes, 
And murmurs, whenpe diflTentions rife : ■ 

A fmi- 

( 279 ) 

A fmiling mafk her features veiled. 
Her form the t>atriot*s robe concealed ; 
With ftudy'd blandifhments ihe bow'd. 
And drew the captivated crowd. 
The next in place, and on the rights 
Sat Envy, hideous to the fight ; 
Her fnaky locks, her hollow eyes. 
And haggard form forbad difguife $ 
Pale difcontent, and fuUen hate 
Up6n her wrinkled forehead fate : 
Her left-hand clench'd, her cheek fuftdn'd. 
Her right (with many a murder ftain'd) 
A dagger clutch'd, in aft to ftrike. 
With ftarts of rage, and aim oblique. 
Laft on the left was Clamour iee% 
Of ftature vaft, and horrid mien ; 
Widi bloated cheeks, and frantic eycis. 
She fent her yellings to the fkies $ 
Prepared with trumpet in her hand. 
To blow fedition o*cr the land. 
With thefe, four more of lefler fame, 
And humbler rank, attendant came : 
Hypocrisy with fmiling grace. 
And Impudence with brazen face, 


( aSo ) 

Contention bold, with iron lungs. 

And Slander with her hundred tongues* . 

The walk in fculptur^d talc were rich. 
And ftatucs proud (m rn^y ^ nich) . 
Of chiefs, who fought in Faction's cauft^ 
And periftiM for ponteippt of laws, * 

The roof in vary'd light and (hade. 
The feat of Anarchy difplayM. 
Triumphant p*cr a falling throne 
(By emblematic figures known; 
Confusion rag'd, and Lust obfccne. 
And Riot with diftemppr'd mien, 
And Outrage bold, and Mischief dire. 
And Devastation clad in fire. 
Prone oi^^the ground, a martial maid 
Expiring ]t)y, and groan'd for aid ; 
Her Q;ii€\d with many a ftab was pierc'd. 
Her laurels torn, her fpear reversed : 
And n? ar hcf. crouched, amidft the fpoiU, • 
A lion paintp^ in the toils. 

Witlji loojf (^ompos'd the prisoner flood. 
And modeft pride. By turns he view'd 
The court, the council, and the crowd. 

And with f^t)mil]5vc rey'rcnce boyt^A^ 


( 28i ) ; 


Proceed we now, in humbler drains, * 
And lighter rhymes, with what remains. 

Th' indiftment gricvoufly fet forth, 
Thiit Selim, loft to truth and worth, 
(In company with one Will P^— t 
And many more, not taken yet) 
In Forty-five, the royal palace 
Did enter, and to ihame grown callous. 
Did then and' there his faith forfake 
And did accept, receive and take. 
With niifchievous intent and bafe. 
Value unknown, a certain place. 

He was a fecond time indifled. 
For that, by evil zeal excited. 
With learning more thanl^man's fliare, 
(Which parfons want, and he^ might fpare) 
In letter to one G^lbbrt West, 
He, the l^id Shlim, did atteft. 
Maintain, fupport, and make allertion . 
Of certain points, fVom VhVL^i tx)nverfion : 
By means whereof the faid- iapoftte 
Did many an uribelievcr jofliei 
Starting unfafbionable fancies, ' 

And buildiiig trutbi on known romances. 

A third 

( aSa ) 

A thihl charge run, that knowing well 
Wits only eat, as pamphlets fell. 
He, the £ud Selim, notwithitanding 
Did fall to anfw'ring, fliaming, branding 
Three curious Letters to the Whigs j 
Making no reader care three figs 
For any fafts contained therem ; 
By wliich uncharitable fin^ 
An author, modeft and deferving. 
Was deftin'd to contempt and ftarving ; 
Againft the king, his crown and peace» 
And all the ftatutes in that cafe. 

The pleader rofe with brief full charg'd. 
And on the prisoner's crimes enlarge d 
But not to damp the Mufe's fire 
With rhet;'ric fuch as courts require, 
We*ll try to keep the reader warm. 
And fift the matter from the form. 
Virtue and focial love, he faid. 
And honour from the land were fled ; 
That Patriots now, like other folks. 
Were made the butt of vulgar jokes ; 
While Opposition dropp'd her creft. 
And courted pow'r for wealth and reft. 



Why fomc folks laugh'd, and fome fcSks rail*d. 
Why fome fubmittcd, fome afiail'd. 
Angry or pleas'd — — all foVd the doubt 
With who were in, and who were out 
The fons of Clamour jgrew fo fickly^ 
They look'd for diflblution quickly ; 
Their weekly Journals finely written. 
Were funk in privies all befh— n^ 
Old-England and the London-Evening, 
Hardly a foul was found believing in. 
And Caleb, once fo bold and ftrong. 
Was ftupid now, and always wrong. 

Afk ye whence rofc this foul difgrace ? 
Why Selim has received a place. 
And thereby brought the caufe to fhame' ; 
Proving that people, void of blame. 
Might ferve their country and their king. 
By making both the felf-fame thing. 
By which the credulous believM, 
And others (by ftrange arts deceived) 
That Miniftcrs were fometimes right. 
And meant not to deftroy us quite. 

That bartering thus in ftate aflFairs, 
He next muit deal in facred w^res. 


( 284 ) 

The det^'s lights divine invade, 
Ahd fmvtggle in the goTpd-trade. 
And all this zeal to re-inftate 


Exploded notioiis^ out of date ; . . 

Sendipg old r^kes to church in fhoak, . . 
Like children fniv'iing for their fouIs» . 
And Udies gay, from fmut and lihels» 
To learn beliefs, and read their Bibks i 
£re£ling confidence for a,tutor» 
To damn the prefent by the future. 
As if to evils known and real 
*Twas needful to annex ideal ; 
"When all of human life we know 
Is care, and bitternefs, and woe. 
With (hort tranfitions of delight. 
To fet the ihatter'd ^irits rights 
Then why fuch mighty pains and care. 
To make us humbler than we are ? 
Forbidding fiiort-liv'd mirth and laughter 
By fears of what may conrie hereafter ? 
Better, in ignorance to dwell *, ^ 
None fear, but who believe an hell : 
And if there Ihould be one, no doubt 
Men of themfclves would find it out. 


( 285 ) 

But Selim's crimes, hefatd, went further 
And barely ftopp'd on this fide miirtlier i 
One yet remained, to cloie the charge. 
To which (with leave) he'd fpedc at large. 
And firft 'twas needful to preoiife, " 
That though fo long (for reafons wife) 
The prefs iiwiolate had (faood, 
Produftive of the public ^ood ; 
Yet ft ill* too modeft to abuie^ : 
It caifd at vice, but told nbt Whofe. 
That great imprdvements, of late days 
Were made, to many an author's praife. 
Who, not fo fcrupuloufly nice^ ' ' 
Proclaim'd the peHbn with the vice. 
Or gave, , where vices might be wanted. 
The name, and took the reft fbf granted. " 
Upon this plan^ * a ChaiiApion - rtfci 
Unrighteous greStncfs tooppbfti 
Proving the ittan inventus ftoneft^ 
Who xrades ih poWV, and ftill is faoneft ; 
And (God be prais'd) he did it rouHdiy, 
Flogging a cifttain- junto (buiidly 7 
But chief his anger iJiras dire£bed ■ 
Where people leaft of all lliljf>e<fl:id ; 

* Author of the Letters to^the Wllg*. 


( 206 ) 

And S£UM» DOt {o ftrong as tall^ 

Beneath, his grafp appear'd to &U. 

But Innocshcb (as people lay) 

Stood by^ and fav'd him in the fray. 

By her afliftedy and one Truth^ 

A buiy, pradng, forward youths 

He rall/d all his ftrength anew. 

And at the fi)e a letter threw. 

His weakeft part the weapon founds 

And brought him fenfeleis to the grounds 

Hence Opposition fled the field. 

And Ign'rancb with her fev'n-ibld ihield i 

And well they mighty for (things weighed fully) 

The prisoner, with his Whore and Bully, 

Mufl: prove for every foe too hard. 

Who never fought with fuch a guard* 

But Truth and Innocence, he iaid. 
Would Hand him here in little dead. 
For they had evidence on oath. 
That would appear too hard for both. 

Of witneffcs a fearful train 
Came next th* indiftments to fuftain ; 
Detraction, Hatred, and Distrust, 
And Party, of all foes the worft, 

4 Malice, 

( 287 ) 

And DiSApp0iiHTMBNT, worn with grid^ 
Dishonour fpuj, unaw'd by ihame. 
And every fiend thajt vkc can name. 
All thefe in ample focm depos'd 
£^ fa^ the triple charge difc]os'd»^ 
With taunts and gibe^ of bii;ter Ibrt, 
And afking vengeance fropfi the court. 

The prisoner laid in his defeoce. 
That fie indeed had. fmall pretence 
To foft^n fafts (b deeply fwom. 
But would for his offences mourn ; 
Yet more he hop'd than bare repentance 
Might fiill be urg'd to ward the ientence ^ 
That he had held a place feme years» 
He own'd with penitence and tears. 
But took it not from motives baie, 
Th* indidbnent there miftoqk the cafe ; 
And though he had betray'd his truft. 
In being to his country juft» 
Neglefting Faction and her friends. 
He did it not for wicked ends. 
But that complaints and feuds might ceafe,^ 
And jarring parties mix in p^aoe. 


( 288 ) 

That what Ift wrote to GilbbrtWesv) 
Bore hard againft him» he confeft'd; 
Yet there ;hey wrohg'd him ; fbrthe£i6ki% 
He reafon^d foivBelief, nocPndice^ c :i 
And people might believe^, bethought^ , % 
Though Pradke might be deemM n fiiuku '^ 
He either dreamt it» or w«& toldt -^ vl 

Religion, was xever'd of old, • ^v ^ l- 

That it gave breeding no ofience» >v \ 

And was no foe to^wit aitdieaie» - k ^' -^ 
But whether this was truth or whiitl, >^ 

He would not fay ; the doubt with him «^- ^ 
(And iia grcgt.^jiarm he hop'd) was how * ' • 
Th' enlighteh^d world would take it now^ v 
If they admitted it, *twas well. 
If not, he never talked of hell, . \ 

Nor even hop'd to change men's meaTuics^^ 
Or frighten Udiies froni their pleafurei. 

One accufatbni be confeis'd. 
Had toucb'd him more than all the reft %, . ^ 
Three Patriot-Letters, high in fame, . " ' 
By him overthrown, and brought to &ama ^ 
And though it was a rule in :Vogue, 
If one man called aaotber<9gue, ^ 

, f 

( 289 ) 

Th€ party injured might re|)l)% 

And on his foe retort the lye { 

Yet what accru'd from all his labour. 

But foul difhonour to his neighbour ? 

And he's a moft unehriftian elf. 

Who others damns to fave himfelf. 

Befides, as all men knew, he faid, 

Thefe Letters only rail'd for bread % ^ 

And hunger was a known excule 

For proftitution and abufe ; 

A guinea, properly apply*d. 

Had made the writer change his fide ; 

He wifh'd he had not cut and carv'd him, 

And own*d, he fhould have bought, not ftarv'd him. 

The court, hefaid, knew aU the reft. 
And muft proceed as they thought bed \ 
Only he hpp'd fuch refignatbn 
Would plead fome little mitigation \ 
And if his charader was deal* 
From other faults (and friends were near. 
Who would, when calPd upon, atteft it) 
He did in humbteft form requeft it^ 
To be from piiniihment exempt. 
And only fufier their contempf 
Vol. III. T The 

( 29Q ) 

The prisoner's friends their claim prefeix^ 
In turn .ckmanding to be heard 
Integrity and Honour fwore. 
Benevolence and twenty more^ 
That he was always of their party. 
And that they knew him firm and houty^ 
Religion, ibberdame, attended. 
And, as fhe could, his caufe befriended; 
She faid, 'twas fince fhe came from college 
She knew him introduced by Knowlbpcs || 
The man was modeft and fincere. 
Nor farther could flic interfere. 
The Muses. begg'd to interpofe. 
But Envy with loud hiflings rofe. 
And caird them women of ill fame j 
Liars, and proftitu^cs to fliame ^ 
And faid, to all the world 'twas knowi^ : . 
Selim had had them every one. 
The prisoner blufti'd, the Muses frown'dy 
When filence was proclaimed around. 
And Faction, rifing with the reft. 
In form the prisoner thus addrcis*d. 

You, Selim, thrice have been indiiftec^ 
Fir ft, that^by wicked pride excited. 


( m ) 

Arid bent your country to difgrace, 

You have received, and hdd a J^lace; 

Nex% InfidelitV to wtSUhd, 

YouV^ dar'd, with afgutti^hfs profound. 

To drive FREEtHifr^iWc to a ftarid, 

Afid with RELiotON vex the land. 

And laftly, in dcJhttmpt of right, 
' With horrid ftftd HfthatVal fpite. 

You hdre an AtrtrfoR'i ftftie (f elthrown. 

Thereby to build ind fcnc6 Jrouf owh. 
Thefe crinies fticceffive, on your trial, 

Have iSet with proofi beyond denial ; 
' To which yourfelf, withiharftfj conceded. 

And but in miiigatiOn pleaded. 

Yet that the juftice of the court - 

May fufier not in men's report, 
i judgfWM a thdWitnt I fufperid, 

To i^eafoli as fro* fridnd to friend. 
Andftfft^ f hit you, of all mankind, 
, With Kings arid CouRts fhould ftain your ihipd ! 

Yoal cwho were OppoIs it ion's lord! 

Her fi«W^i hef fiiiews, arid htr fword ! 

Thaf yw at laft, for fefvile crid$, 

Should iifduki the bowels of her friends ! -^ 

T 2 Is 


( 292 ) 

Is aggravation of offence, • \ 

That Icaeircs for ioeftf no pilttGtiinte; <^^*^ 

Yflimorc — for you ^^to urge your lurtc^ i ; 

And back the church to aid the date I i 

For you to publiih fuch a letter ! 

You I who haye known RUiioioK bettor ( ' 

For you, I fay, to introduce 

The fr^iid again !— There's nO' excufeJ 

iVnd laft «tf »Ufli W crown your ihtme^ - • -V 

Was it for you to load with blame 

The writings of a Patriot- Youth, 

And fummon Innocence and Truth 

To prop your caufe ? — i Was this for you Ir^ 

■ 1 

But juftice docs your crimes purfue ^ . v 

And fentence now alone remains. 

Which thus, by me, the court ordains. 
" That yoti return froiil whence yoii camej^ 

** There to be ftripp'd of all yOur £une 
By vulgar handis, that once a week 
Old-England pinch you *dll you fqueak; 
That ribbald pamphlets do purfue ydu> T I 
And lyes, and murmurs, to undo you. 
With every foe that Worth procures. 
And only Virtue's friends be Yours.*! 



. ( 293 ) 



.*• •- 




■ ■ * - 

To the Honour of his Royal Highness 

William, Duke of CUM B E R LAND; 

. :• i ■ * 4 

Exprefling the juft Scnfe of a grateful Nauon, in 

the feveral Charafters of 

__,The VpLuNTJBER^ 1 f The Musician, 
TKc" Poet, > K The Shepherd, 

The Painter, j l The Religious. 



Set ,tft MuTic .by<vD(r. GREENE. 1746. 


CANTATA I. The Volunteer. 


- <». 

DE E P in a foreft's fliadowy feat, 
A youih ehjo/d his calm retreat, 
Deaf to the din of civil rage. 
And ducord 9f the. impious ^gp \ 

• f 

':* : 5 

yrhen vifionary fleep deprels*d 
His drowfy lids, and thus alarmed his reft* 



( 2^ ) 

Two rival forms immenfcly brigjit 
Appeared, and charmed his mental fight j 
Honour and Plcafure feem'd defccnding. 
On each her various train attending. 
Of decent, fober, great, and plain. 
Of gay, fantaftic, loud, and vain. 
With confident, yet charming grace, 
Pleafure firft brake the filence of the place. 

Enjoy with me this calm retreat, 

Diffolv*d in eafe thine hours ftiall flow : 
With love alone thy heart (hall beat. 

And this be all th* alarms you know : 
Cares to footh, and life befriend, 
Pleafures on your nod attend. 

Cares to footh, and life befriend, 
Pleafqres on your nod attend. 

Her decent front (trait Honour ftiew'd, 
Where mingled fcorn and anger glow'd ; 
Contempt of Pleafure's flow'ry reign, 
Inrag*d at all her abjcft tr^in ; 
And thus in rapid ftrains exprefs'd 
The tumults of her honeft breaft. 


( ^5 ) 

Rife, youA — ^thy country calk thee fix)m thy fliade ; 
Behold her tears, ' 
And hear her cries : 
Religion fears. 
And Freedom dies. 
Amid the horrors of War's dreadful trade. 
Thy country groans : forego thy (hade — 
*Tis Honour calk thee to her aid. 

Thy country groans : forego thy (hade -^ 
'Tis Honour calk thee to her aid. 

The youth awoke — and ftarting wide. 
Sleep, with its vifion, left his fide. 
His foul th' idea fill'd alone ; 
The heroic form, the piercing tone 
Of Honour on his memory play'd. 
And all hk heart confels'd the heavenly maid. 

Sweet objeft of my choice. 
Adieu, thou cairn reccfs ! 
My bleeding country's voice 
Tears me from thy embrace. 

T 4 From 

* t 

( 296 ) 

From mufing watec-falls, 
FiwnibidGS and^flow^jyiaedds. 

And princbljr WauaiMi. Jcads. 


From sdl« fathei^s Iov^h^^^' i » ^ ■ 
Ftom^afla'tiatiimfscactyiu -:^ v;;ii I 

Behold^fEffCiPRiTiLlir'^'v'^^e'' ^ ^ / 
Sends fortb.iiieigodjQfLwarc - ^ 

; •, •.. . ; . ■ .'w .T^A M •' , 


'Giunft n^oU^tains ctp^d >wich (hows, ( ^> w 

'Gainft foul Rebellion's rage- 
The wiUing'iHcro goc? - 

Qigantiq inw to vagc -^ 
The gen'rous heart :wbat flow^ry^ ftencs c^n p)ea{e» 
Or teqipt to wafte his* youth in u&lefs eafe \ 

The gen'pous hcan what flowery fccnes coti l>kaft9 
Or tempt .to watte his yoiuh in ufelefs eafel > 
CANTATA 11. The Poet. 
■ ' ■ Air. . _. • . ' 

Give ine^ indulgent Mufe, to rove. ^ i 
The maxcs of thy laureFd grove,' u}\ ''^ "* 
To choofe ^ wreath for WiXi-i ^u'i feiwr -^ 

AboT^r^ybUkYgo)Kk|i bough. ^ 

I Reci^ 

Recitative*5 ./b 
I walk -~ I winder hire and there -^ 
How can I chodfe vrherc all isfkir i 
This I prefer, and that refufe — 
Guide me, my llill-infpiring MufeJ 
I faid, and plucked the choCbn wreath : 
I^arge drops of blood diftill'd beneath; 
A figh now ihook the weepii^. tree^ 
And thus a trocal.found . 
Brake from the recent wound. 
And fet the form of Jbeauteous Daphne free. 

' Air. »• ' / . 
Coy Daphne you beholfl in 'me; • 

For William's :^ke I wiiUng bleed* 
No wreath bat. this from Phcebas* tree 
Is worthy luiB, wha Britain £xed. 
Lefs fair was Phaebui^ chafefor unfought fame. 
Be his the wreath, wh6 woo*d and won the dam^« 
CANTATA III. The Paikteiu i 

■ * • . Air.. .V .' ;• •' . 
Sweet mimic thou of Nature's face. 

Thy pencil take, thy colfkir iprpul : ^' 
On thy canvafi curious tracd \^ rjsi - *^ 
Every Tirtuc, .every graces r v 4 r.: 
That hovers raittid: our Wiuiuiw's head 



Let Victory before Um %, 
And Fortitude with ftedfaft eye ; 
Let Prudence wttk hecxuinoyT hafte^ 
' Studious of future by the paft } 
With Ibduftrjr in ligcar bloomii^ 
And Science knoiviiig mucb^ yet lefs aiTusningt 
To group the piece, and Afeil the traia 
With Hydra heaxfa Rebetti^n draw^ 
Spoudng at erery veiA' 
The l^Md of theufands (kin ; 
Thoufands too few to glut her rav'nous maw : 
Paint her panting,! finking, dying, 
P^t her fons at diftance flying : 
Paint Qritaania^ full of fmiles. 
Scarce recovered from her toib : 
Paint JMtice ready to avenge her pain^ 
Dragging the monfter in her mafly chwi. 
Near her paint Mercy crown'd: foft>-fmilingletherftand. 
With arm out-flretch*d to ftopher juft, determined hand. 

Ceaie to declaim, the artift criesi 

Of every virtue, every grace, -^ 
See, by degrees the features rife : 
Behold tfaem all in William's f^ce« 


( ^99) 

CANTATA IV. The Musician. 

O various power of magic ftrains^ 
To damp our joys and footh our pains I 
Every movement of the will 
Obedient owns the artiffs IkilL 

Thus in gay notes, and boaAful words> 
The mafter of the tuneful chords ; 
^ut Toon he fbund his boaft was air. 
His love ftill bhfted with de^ak. 
And Chloe cold, or feeming cold 
To all the tuneful tales he told. 

To love whisn he tun-d the^>ft lyre. 

It figh'd and it trembled m vain i 
Though warm*d by his amorous fire. 

The fair one ne'er aniwer'd his ftrai(u ' 

Hear, cries the artift, powV divine,' 
Great leader of the tuneftil Nine ^ 

Teach thy- votary to fwell 
With love-inTpiring drains the Ihelli 
Such as pleafe my Chloe beft. 
And eafieft glide into her breaft. 



-m;" • ■ 'V 


No more I woo in warblmg ftrains. 

No more I fiiig the lover's pains 

To cold and carelefs ears : 

To warlike notes I tune thi ftring. 

The fong to William's praife I fin g — ■ 

The nyihph'with rapture hears. 

CAN TATA V. The Shepherd. 

•f • . * ■ ' . • 

Beneath an dak'is indulgent Ihade 

A (hepherd at his eafe was laid ; 

He pluck*tf thie bough, the wreath he wove 

Sacred to William, and to love. 

And taught the vocal woods around 

His name ^d Delia's to refound. 


Of peace reftor'd the fhcpherd fung. 

And plenty fmiling o*cr the fields j 
Of peace reftor'd the woodlands rung. 

And all the fweets that quiet yields -, 
Of love he fung and Delia^s charms, 


And all reftor'd by W i l l i a m's arms. 


Driven from his native foil belov'd. 
By coft and care hot unimprbv'd, 

A noi 

A northern Twain hinifelf betook 
To reft, in that fequefter*d nook« 
One fav'rite lamb efcap'd the fpoil. 
The only meed of all his toil $ 
Which now o*erfpent he drove before. 
Now fondl^ig in his bofom bore. 
He heard, and ftrait the caufe recjuir'df 
With wonder more than envy fir*d. 



Say, fwain, by what good pow*r 
Thou wing'ft the fleeting hour» 
With (trains that wonder move. 
And tell of eafe and love j 
While I by war's alarms 
Am forced from fafety's ^rms i 
From home and native air. 
And all their focial care. 
Say, fwain, &c. 

Again, replied the fwain, repair 
To northern fields and native air ; 
Again thy kindly home review. 
And all its focial cares renew. 
Within what cave, or foreft deep. 
To grief indulgent, or to flecp. 

I ' 'i 

• ;i 



( 3«>i* ) 

Haft thou cfcap*d the gto^ral j(yyi 
Sweet gift of Britain's fet'ritc Bbv ? 

*Twas William's t<jil thii feifurc gave. 

By him I tune my oaten reed. 
By him yon golden harveftft Wave^ 

Byvhim thefe herds in fafety feeds 
Him (hall our gratefbl (bngs dedam 
Ever to Britifh fliepherd*^ dear. 


Him Ihall our grateful fcmgs declare 
Ever to Britifh flieplrtrds dear. 

Here, tyrant Supefftition, ugly fiend. 
Harpy with an angeFs faee, 
Monfter in Religion's dfcft, 
Thy impious prayVs and bloody vifions end; 

Hence, with thy fitter Peffecution, 
Hence with all her pleafidg dfeams 
Of martyrs* groans, and virgins' fcreaftis^ 
The ftretching rack, and horrid wheel. 
Slow fires, and confecrated fteel. 

And every pricftly implement of woe, 
• And 

( 3^3 ). 

And every threatened tool of hoodwifik'd zeal^ 
igenious Ronie can find, or tortured Nature feelj 

From Britain's happier clime repair 
To fouthern funs and flavilh air- 
To empty hiUs» 
To midnight bells,' 
To cloifterM walls. 
To gloomy cells* 
Where moping Melancholy dwells 
William's name fliall reach you there. 
And fink your fouls with black defpair. 

The Hero comes, and with him brings 
Fair Hope^ that foars on Cherub's wings i 
Firm Faith attends with ftedfaft eye. 
Intent on things above the (ky. 
To mortal ken unknown •, and She^ 
Meek and feemly, kind and free, 


Ever hoping, ftill believing. 
Still forbearing, ftill forgiving, 
Greateft of the heavenly Three« 

Britons, join the godlike train. 
Learn, that all but Truth is vain. 


( 304 ) 

And to her lyre attune your joy : 
No gifb fi> pure as thofe fbe brings. 
No notes fo fweet as thofe ihe fings. 

To praife the heav'nly-fiinrour'd Boy. 

The Marriage of the Myrtxe and the Yew. 

To DELIA, about to many beneath herfelf. 1744. 

By the Same. 

A Myrtle flourifh'd 'mongft the flowers. 
And happy pafsM her maiden hours : 
The lovely Rofe, the garden's queen. 
Companion of this (hrub was feen ^ 
The Lilly fair, the. Violet blue. 
The Eglantine befide her grew : 
The Woodbine's arms did round her twine. 
With the pale genteel JeflTamine : 
With hcr's the Tuberofe mixM her fweet ; 
The flow'rs were gracious, Ihe difcreet. 
The envious fhrub with fome regret. 
Saw all her friends in wedlock met ; 


( 3^5 ) 

.• •i' r —^ 


W 1 



ttp the tall Ehn the Woodbine fwirint/ 
And twines Mf-marriageable *arms ; 
A gorgeous bower the JeflTmine chofe^ ^ 
The glory of 'fomc ancient houie; 
With joy fhe views the lhort-liv*d maid, 
^he Violet j i-ooping iri twi fhade ; ' 
And fees (which pleas'd her to the quick) 
The Lilly hug a faplefs ftickj 
And muft Myrtilla* ftill be feen 
Pining in ficknels ever-green ? 

" ShaU flic*' i 

With that {he arm*d her brow. 
Which once had conqucfb gaih'd, bu|r\now 
' iToo old to choofe, too proud to fye^ -t 
Strikes flag to her good coufin Yew. 

This Yew was fair, and large, and gotSKi, 
Eftecm'd a pretty flick of wood } 
But never in the garden plac'd^ 
. Or to be bcHiie by nymphs of tafte^ 
But in a wilderncfs, or waftc : 
And cut and clip, wbs^te^^r you d<v 
This pretty fl;ick was ftill but Ycw^ 
The pois'nous drops, the baleful fliadtf 
Struck each gerftceler flower dead -, 
Vol. IIL U 




But Myrtle, being cvcf-igrceh,' 
Thought Nature tau^t to wed her kin^ 
And carelefs of th* event, withdrew 
From her old friends, and fought her Yew. 

fiehold the am'rous fhrub tranfplantedy 
And her laft pray'r in vengeance grahted. 
The bride and brid^oom cling together. 
Enjoy the fair, and fcorn foul weather. 
Vifits are pay*d : around are feen 
The fcrubbed race of ever-green, 
Th* ill-natur*d Holly, ragged Box, 
And Yew's own faniily in flocks : 
But not a flow*r of fcent or flavour 
Would do the bride fo great a favour,^ 
But in contempt drew in their leaves. 
And fhrunk away, as Senfitivcs. 
The blufhing * Queen, with decent pride. 
Turned, as fhe pafe'd, her head afide 5 
The Lilly nice, was like to fpuc 
To fee MvRTiLLA Mrs- Yew ; 
The Eglantine, a prUde by nature, 
Would never go a-near the Creacher 1 

? The Rofc. 


( 3<>7) 

And the gay Woodbine gave a flaunt. 
Nor anfwer'd her but with a taunt. 

Poor Myrtle, ftrangely mortify'd. 
Too late refumes her proper pride ; 
Which, heightened now by pique and fpleen. 
Paints her condition doubly mean. 
She four*d her mind, grew broken-hearted. 
And foon this fpiteful world departed ; * 
And now lies decently interred. 
Near the old Yew in — - church-yard. 

On a BA Y-LEAF pluck'd from Virgil's 

Tomb near Naples. 1736. 

By the Same. 

TJ O LD was the irreligious hand, 
■*^ That could all reverence withftand. 
And facrilegioufly prcfume 
To rob the poet's facrcd tomb 
Of fo much honourable Ihade,"* 
As this, fo fmall a trophy, made ; 

U 2 Could 

Could dare to pluck from, Virgil's brow ' 
The honours Nature did bcftow. 

^ Swecdy the gentle goddcfs fmil'd. 
And liften'd to her favourite child ; 
Whether in (hepherd's cleanly weed 
He deftly tun*d his oaten reed. 
And taught the vocal woods axpund 
His Amaryllis to refound ; 

* Or taught he in a graver ftr^in 
To cloath the field with waving grain ; 
And in the marriage-folds to twine 
The barren elm, and clufter'd vine ; 
To yoke the laboring ox, to breed 
To the known goal the forming fteed ; 
And fung the manners, rights, degrees. 
And labours of the frugal bees 5 

* Or whether with tineas* name 

He fweird th* extended cheek of Fame, 
And all his god-Hke labours fung. 
Whence Rome's extended glories fprung ; 

The goddefs finird, and own'd fhe knew j 


Th' original from whence he drew. 

^ Pafcua. '^ Rura. * Duces. 


( 3^9 ) 

And grateful (he fpontaneous gave 
This living honour to his grave. 

Hail, thou fwect fhadc, whofe rev^renc^ name 
Still foremoft in the mouth of Fame, 
Doth preference and value give. 
And teach this little leaf to live, 
Methinks fecluded from that brow. 
Where grateful Nature bade it grow. 
This beauteous green ihould fade away. 
And yield to iron-tooth*d decay : 
But Virgil's name forbids that crime. 
And blunts the threatening fcythe of Time* 

To C H L O E. 

Written on my Birth-Day, 1734. 
By the Same* 

rr^HE minutes, the hours, the days, and the years, 

••' That fill up the current of Time, 
Neither flowing with hopes, neither ebbing with fears. 
Unheeded roll'd on to my prime. 



( 3IO ) 

In infanqr prattling, in youth full of play. 
Still pleas'd with whatever was new, 

I bade the old cripple By fwifter away. 
To o'ertakjs ibcne gay trifle in view. 

But when Chloe, with fweetnefs and (enfe in her look, 
Firft taught me the leflbn of love 5 

Then I counted each Hep the wing'd fugitive took. 
And bad him more leifurely move. 

Stop, run-away, ftop, nor thy journey purfuc^ 
For Chloe has giv*n me her heart : 

To enjoy it thy years will prove many too few. 
If you make fo much hafte to depart. 

Still, ftill he flies on — ftill, flill let him fly 
'Till he's tired, and panting for breath ; 

My love both his teeth and his fcythe fliall defy — • 
That can only be conquered by Death. 





By the Same. 
Set to Mufic by Dr. GREEN E. 

rr^O filent groves, where weeping yew 
^ With fadly-mournful cyprefs joined. 
Poor Damon from the plain withdrew. 
To eafe with plaints his love-lick mind ; 
Pale willow into myftic wreaths he wove. 
And thus lamented his forfaken love. 


How often, Celia, faithlefs maid. 
With arms entwined did we walk 
Beneath the clofe unpicrced (hade. 
Beguiling time with am'rous talk ! 
But that, alas ! is paft, and I muft prove 
The pangs attending on forfaken love. 


UI. But 

( 31? ) 


But think not, Celia, I will bear 

With dull fubmiffion all the fmart i 
J^o, FU at once drive out d€f|)air. 
And thy lov'd image from my heart ; 
All arts, all charms FU praftife to remove 
The pangs attending on forfakeji Iqve^ 

Pacchus, with greened ivy crown-d, 

Either repair with all thy trairii •, 
And chace the jovial goblet /ound, 
Fpr Celia triumphs in my pain : 
With gen'fpus wine affift me to removp 
f he pangs attending op forfak^n love. 

Could reafon be fo drown*d in wine, 

As never to revive again. 
How happy were this heart of mine 
Relieved at once from all its pain ! ' 
But reafon ftill with love returns, to prove 
f he torments laftiqg of fprfaken Iqvc. 


VI. Bring 

( 3^3 ) 


Pring me the nymph, whofe getf rous foul 

Kindles at the circling bowl ; 
Whofe fparkling eye with wanton fire 
Shoots through my blood a fierce defire i. 
For every art FU praiflife to remove 
The pangs attending on forfaken love. 


And what is all this tranfient flame ? 

*Tis but a blaze, and feen no more ; 
A blaze that lights us to our fhame. 
And rqbs us of a gay four-fcore ; 
Reafon again with love returns, to prove 
The torments lafting of forfaken love. 

Hark ! how the jolly huntfman's cries, 
In concert with the opening hounds, 
"Rend the wide concave of the fkies. 
And tire dull Echo with their founds : 
T^ou Phoebe, goddefs of the chace, remove 
7he pangs attending on forfakep jpve. 

IX. Ah 

( 314 ) 

. Ah me ! the fprighdy-bounding dor. 

The chacc, and every thing I view. 
Still to my mind recall my woe ; 
So Cilia flies, (b I purfue : 
So rooted here, no arts can e'er remove 
The pangs attending on forfak^n love. 

Then back, poor Damon, to thy grove ; 

Since nought avails to eaie thy pain. 
Let conftancy thy flame improve, . 
And patience anfwer her difdain : 
So gratitude may Celia*^ bolbm move^ 
To pity and reward thy conftant love. 

FASHION: A Satire. 

Uonejiius putamus^ quod frequentius\ re£li apud no$ loam 
tenet error ^ ubipublicusfaSlus. Seneca. 

'Vr E S, yes, my friend, difguife it as you will, 
-■" To right or wrong 'tis Fafhion guides us ftiil % 
A few perhaps rife Angularly good^ 
Defy, and ftem the fool-o*erwhelming flood ; 



The reft to wander from their brethren fear. 
As focial herrings in large fhoals appear. 

'Twas not a t^e, but powerful mode, that bade 
Yon* purblind, poking peer run picture mad ; 
"With the fame wonder-gaping face he ftares 
On flat Dutch dawbing, as on Guido's airs ; 
What might his oak-crown'd manors mortgaged gain ? 
Alas ! five faded landfcapes of* Loraine. 

Not fo Gargilius fleek, voluptuous lord, 

A hundred dainties fmoak upon his board ; 

Earth, air, and ocean's ranfack'd for the feaft. 

In maiqucradc of foreign Olio's drefs'd ; 

Who praifes, in this fauce-enamour'd age. 

Calm, healthful temp'rance, like an Indian fage : 

But could he walk in public, were it faid, 

" Gargilius din'd on beef, and eat brown bread ?** 

Happy the grotto*d hermit with his pulfe. 

Who wants no truffles, rich ragouts — nor ^ Hulse. 

How ftrid: on Sundays gay LiETiTiA's face ! 
How curl'd her hair, how clean her Bruflels lace \ 


She lifts her eyes, her fparkling eyes to heav'n. 
Mod nun-like mourns, and hopes to be forgiv'n. 

* Claude Loraine* ' The phyficlan. 


* : •• 

( 3i6 ) 

Think not (he prays, or is grown penitent 

She went to church — becaufe the parifli went. 

Clofe Chrem^s, deaf to the pale widow's griei^ 
Parts with an unfun*d guinea for relief; 
No meltings o'er his ruthlefs bofom fteal. 
More than fierce Arabs, or proud tyrants feel ; 
Yet, fince his neighbours give, the churl unlbdks^ 
Damning the poor, his triple-bolted box. 

Why bves not Hippia rank obfcenky ? 
"Why would (he not with twenty porters He ? 
Why not in crowded Malls quite naked walk ? 
Not aw*d by virtue — but " The world would talk,'*-*— 
Yet how demurely looks the wifhing maid. 
For ever, but in bed, of man afraid ! 
Thus * Hammon's fpring by day feels icy-cool. 
At night is hot as helPs fulphureous pool. 

Each panting warble of Vesconti*s throat. 
To Dick, is heav'nlier than a fcraph*s note ; 
The trills, he fwears, foft-ftealing to his breaft. 
Are lullabies, to footh his cares to reft; 
Are fweeter far, than Laura's lufcious kifs. 
Charm the whole man, and lap his foul in blifs : 

9 Liucretiusy lib. 6. 84J. 


Who can fuch counterfeited raptures bear,- 

Of a deaf fool who fcarce can thunders hear ? 

Crowdero might with him for Festin pals, ': 

And touching Handel yield to trifling Hasse. 

But curd-fac'd Curio comes ! all prate, and finile^ 

Supreme of beaux, great bulwarks of our ifle • 

Mark well his feather'd hat, his gilt cockade. 

Rich rings, white hand, and coat of ftiff* brocade ; ' ) 

Such weak-wing*d May-flies Britain's troops diigrtce. 

That Flandria, wondering, mourns our altered race: 

With him the fair, enraptured with a rattle. 

Of Vauxhall, Garrick, or Pamela prattle: 

This felf-pleas'd king of empunefs permit - 

At the dear toilette harmlelsly to fit j 

As mirthlefs infants, idling out the day. 

With wooden fwords, or toothlefs puppies play : ■ 

*Tis meaner (cries the manling) to command 

A conquering hoft, or fave a finking land. 

Than furl fair Flavians fan, or lead a dance. 

Or broach new-minted Fashions frefli from France'. 

O France, whofe edids govern drefs and meat. 

Thy vidor Britain bends beneath thy feet ! 

Strange ! that pert grafshoppers (hould lions lead. 

And teach to hop, and chirp acrofs the mead : 



Of fleets and laurerd chiefs let others boaft, 
Thy honours are to bow, dance, boil and roail» 
Let Italy give mimic canrafs firc^ 


Carve rock to life, or tune the lulling lyre j 
For gold let rich Porosi be renown'd. 
Be balmy-breathing gums in India found ; 
'Tis thine for fleeves to teach the fhantieft cuta,^ 
Give empty coxcombs more important ftrut$, 
Frcfcribe new rules for knots, hoops, manteaus, w^ 
Shoes, foups, complexions, coaches, &rces, jigs. 
MuscALiA dreams of laft night's ball *till ten. 
Drinks chocolate, flroaks Fop, and fleeps agen ; 
Perhaps at twelve dares ope her drowfy eyes, 
Alks Lucy if *tis late enough to rife ; 
By three each curl and feature juftly fct. 
She dines, talks fcandal, vifits, plays piquette : 
Meanwhile her babes with feme foul nurfe remain^ 
For modern dames a mother's cares difdain ; 
Each fortnight once fhe bears to fee the brats, 
*' For oh they ftun one's ears, like fqualling cats !'* 
Tigers and pards proteft, and nurfe their young. 
The parent-fnake will roll her forked tongue. 
The vulture hovers vengeful o'er her neft. 
If the rude hand her hclplefs brood infcft j 

4 Sha 

( 317 ) 

Who can fuch counterfeited raptures bear,- 
Of a deaf fool who fcarce can thunders hear ? 
Crowdero might with him for Festin pafs. 
And touching Handel yield to trifling Hasse. 

But curd-fac'd Curio comes ! all prate, and fmile^ 
Supreme of beaux, great bulwarks of our ifle • 
Mark well his feather'd hat, his gilt cockade. 
Rich rings, white hand, and coat of ftiff brocade; / ? 
Such weak-wing'd May-Qies Britain's troops diigr^ce. 
That Flandria, wondVing, mourns our altered race: 
With him the fair, enraptured with a rattle. 
Of Vauxhall, Garrigk, or Pamela prattle: 
This felf-pleas*d king of empdnefs permit 
At the dear toilette, harmlelsly to fit j 
As mirthlcfs infants, idling out the day, ■ .■ \ 

With wooden fwords, or toothlefs puppies play : . • 
*Tis meaner (cries the manling) to command 
A conquering hoft, or fave a finking land. 
Than furl fair Flavians fan, or lead a dance. 
Or broach new-minted Fashions frefli from France'. 

O France, whofe edids govern drefs and meat. 
Thy vidor Britain bends beneath thy feet ! 
Strange ! that pert grafshoppers (hould lions lead. 
And teach to hop, and chirp acrofs the mead : 


5iwcaru^ ttf fbllowi whercfoc'cr yotr Icid, '*** 
Though you eat toads, or t^ralk upon yotir hdii ^*^ 
*Tis hence belles game, intrigue, fip cititm«<!ltH&; 
And hide' their lovely locks with ' heads of rams ; 
Hence girls, once modeft, without bluih ap^efiv" 
With legs difpla/d, and fwan-foft bolbinS bwe % * 
Hence ftale, autumnal dames^ ftill deckM wMi'^Ikoes, 
Look like vile cankered coins in vehrct caftis/ y- 
Afk you, why whores lire more bcloy^d than i^fv^' 
Why weeping virtlie exiPd, flattery thrives,^* * 

Why mad for penfions, Britons young and-blil' - • 

* * ' 
Adore bafe miniftcrs, thofe calves of gold. 

Why witling templars on religion joke. 

Fat, rofy juftices^ drink, doze, and finoak^ 

Dull critics on beft bards poor harmlcfs fpit^ - 

As babe& that mumble coral, ' cannot bite. 

Why knaves malicious, brother-knaves embface. 

With hearts of gall, but courtly-fmiling ftce» ' 

Why fcornful Folly from her gawdy coach^ 

At ftarving houfelefs Virtue points reproach^ 

Wiiy Av*RicB is the great all-worIhip*d God ? - - 

Methinks fbme DitMON anfwers — " *Tis the modi'!'' 

* ■ i." 


^ Tete de moaton, literally trandated. 


( 3^9 ) 

Eliall lovely wdman, fofteft fhtine of hcav'n; 
C*o whom were tears, and feeling pity giv'nf 
Moft fafliionably cruel, lefs regard 
Her offspring, than the vulture, fnake, and pafd ? 

What art, O Fashion, pow*r fupreme below \ 
You make us virtue, nature, fenfe, forego j 
You fandtify knave, atheift, whore, and fool^ 
And fhiekl from juftice, ihame, and ridicule* 
Our grandames modes, long abfent from our eytii 
At your all-pov;erful bidding duteous rife ; 
As Arsthusa funk beneath the plain 
For many a league, emerging flows again j 
Now ** Mary*8 mobs,* and flounces you approve^ 
Now fliape-difguiflng facks, and flippers lover 
Scarce have you chofe (like Fortune fond to joke) 
Some reigning drefs, but you the choice revoke : 
So when the dccp-tongu*d organ's notes fwell high» 
And loud HosannaHs reach the difl^uit flcy» 
Hark, how at once the dying ftrains decay. 
And foften unexpeftcdly away. 
The peer, prince, peafant, foldier, fquire, divine^ 
Goddefs of Change, bend low before your flirine, 

^ Mary queen of Scots mobS| mach worn by the lidied. 


( i2<$ J 


•Swearing id fblfowi whercfoc'cr yotr fcid. 

Though you eat toads, or walk upon yonrhdii ^ ^ 

'Tis hence belles game, intrigue, iip dtren^dtUfts^ 

And hide' their lovely locks with 'heads a£ nsMi 

Hence girls, once modeft, withdut blufh ap^^efi^^ ' ' 

With legs difplay'df and fi^an^fbft bofomi barc % * ' 

Hence ikle, autumnsd damesy fBll decked nfVbHkctSj^ 

Look like vile cankered coins in velvet cafi^/ >'^ 

Afk you, why whores Kvc more bdovM thait Wivies^' 

Why weeping virttie cxird, flattery thri*«, ^ ' 

Why mad for penfions, Britons young and'bi^ ■ 

< ■ * 
Adore baft minifters, thofe calves of gold, • - • " 

Why witling templars on iieligion joke, * * ■ 

Fat, rofy juftices> drink, doze, and finoak^ ' 

Dull critics on bcft bards poor harmlefs fpite, - * • 

As babe^ that mumble coral, cannot bite, - ^ 

Why knaves malicious, brother-^k naves embrace, ' 

With hearts of gaU, but courtly-fmiling fece. 

Why fcornful Folly from her gawdy coach. 

At ftarving houfelefs Virtue points reproach^ 


Why Av'ricb is the great all-worlhip^ God ? - 
Mcthinks Ibme Daemon anfwers — " *Tis the inodirl'' 

^ Tete de moaton, literally tranflated* 



At this Corruption {miles with ghaftly griOf 
Preiagiiig triuipphs to her mother, Sin *, 
^ WJio, a^ with baneful wings aloft fhe dies, 
** This falling land be mine !'* — exulting cries ; 
Grim Tyranny attends her on her way. 
And frownst and whets his fword that thirits to Hay^ 

hookf from the frigid to the torrid zone. 
By cuftom all are led, by nature none. 
^ The hungry Tartar rides upon his meat^ 
To cook the dainty flefli with buttocks* heat : 
The Chinesb complaifantly takes his bed 
With his big wife, and is with cawdle fedi 
How would pur tender Briti(h beauties fhriek. 
To fee dim beaux on bulls their lances break I 
Yet no LuciNDA, in heroic Spain, 
Admits a youth, but who his beaft has flaio. 
See, wond'rous lands, where the fell vidor brings, 
Tb his glad wives, the heads of daughtei^d kings. 
The mangledheads ! — o'er which they fing and laugh. 
And in dire banquets the warm life-blood quaff; 
Where youths their grandfires,age-bent,trcmbling,grey. 
Pitying their weary weaknefs, kindly flay ; 

^ The following h&i are taken from the accounU of different 

Vol. III. X Wheri 

' ( 322 > 

Where lainted Brachmans, fick of life, retirt^ 
To die fpontaneous on the fpicy pyre i 
Where ((banger ftill!) with their wild dates contend 
The fimple fwains no fighs for gold torment. 

How fondly partial are our judgments grown. 
We deem all manners odious, but our own I . 

O teach me, friend, to know wife Nature's ruks. 
And laugh, like you, at Fashion's hoodwink!d fbob^ 
You, who to woods remor'd from modifh fin, 
Defpife the diftant world's hoarfe, bufy din ; 
As fhepherds from high rocks hear far below> 
Hear unconcern'd loud torrents fiercely flow ; 
You, though mad millions the mean tafte uplpraid. 
Who ftill love Virtue, fair, forfaken maid ; 
As Bacchus charming Ariaj>ne bore. 
By all abandoned, from the tonefome fhore, 


To the Earl of Chesterfield. 

IWT ATURE and Fortune blith and gay, 

•^ ^ To pafs an hour or two. 

In frolic mood agreed to play 

At •* What (hall this man do ?*' 


( 3*3 ) 

Coiioe, I'll be judge then, Fortune cricsg 

And therefore mufl: be blind ; 
Then whipt t, (lapkin round her eyes. 

And ty*d it faft behind. 

Nature had now prepar'd her lid: 
' Of names on fcraps of leather^ 
'Which roU'd, (he gave them each a twifti 
And hufled them together. 

■ ■ 

Thus mbtt, which ever cartie to hand 

She very futely drew J 
Then bade her fifter give command^ 

For what tharC man (faoukl dt>. 

^Two^ ahnoft burft cne^s fides to heai' 
What ftrange commands (he gave } 

That C — R fliould the laiird wear. 
And C— ^E an army have* , - 

At length when Stanhoi^'s nanne Was comci 

Dame Nature fmil*d and cry'd. 
Now tell me, filler^ this man's doom. 

And what ihall him betide i 

X 2 That 

( 324) 

That man, faid Fortune, fhallbeone 
Blcft both by you and me : •— - ^ ' 

Nay, then, quoth Nature^ kt's hare ddne ; 
Sifter, Pm furc you Uc. ^ '^ 

• \ 

'-111 '-)T 

The E X C B ? T 

I O/N^ 





QTANHOPE has gain'd one branch 'of fame, 
^ To which, rU prove, ht has no cbim. 

Say they -^ ^ His favotirs he extends. 

Without regard to wealth, or friends : 

Of fuch dilinterefted Ipirit, 

Nothing prevaik, with himi, but fticrit 5 

Nay, he'll difpenfe with merit too, 
*' When modeft want can reach his view.*^ 

Mere prejudice ! ^tis plain to me. 
No man takes fweeter bribes than he. 
To clear this point from any dbubti 
A parallel (hall' help me out. • 

The noble Fvlvi a fpurns at gain ; 
Freely (he heds her lovcr^s pain ! 

^ " ' But, 

. r 

. *'^ 

J / 

( 325 ) 

But, fureljr, you'll allow mc this^ 
That when fhe grants, Ihc (hares the, bills. 
So Stanhope, ineacb generous aftioo. 
Reaps more than half the fadsfaftion. 

■ ■ ' i • t" I - '■ ■ -\ • . ■ ■. r . ■ . ^ 

•■• V * ' ■ >: !!• 

To the Earl of C HE S T E R F I E L D. 

^^ AN eafe be cbnfiftent widi ftate ? 
^^ Can freedom and pomp thus agree ? 
, O Stanhope, who would not be great, 
if eafy in greauiefs like thee ? 
Let ftatefmen prejtend to defpife 
Thofe talents that furniih delight, 
'Tis Stanhope's alone to be wife. 
Yet pleafure with wifdom unite.. 

State burthens with form the gay ibul. 
Unbended alone we tafte joy. 
Too foon our grey hairs mud controul 
That blifs which our prime ihould employ. . 
Then, Stanhope, be bleft in your choice, ■. 
Be happy y^ir life in each ftage ; 
While fpirits attend you rejoice, 
, You've wifdom enough for old age, 


w3 «9 49 VB C9 C& ^2 32 SS. %S ^S ^s %P CS ^S %S %f O %S as C^ ^v ^9 ^v 


H a N O tJ R. A Poem. 

By the Rev. Dr. BROWN, 

Inicribed to the Right Hon. the Lord Vifc. Lonsdaut^ 

flic Manus oh Patriatn pugnando vulnerafaj^i ; 

^ique SacerdoM cafti dum vita waheiaii > ^'V 

^uique pii Fates^ fcf Phabo digna lomfis 

Inventus aut qui Vitam excoluere per Artes^ 

^ique fui memores alios fecere merendo % ' " 

Omnibus his nivea cingun(ur Tempore viita. Vm, -^n, ^ 

1 ■ — r Who fiall go about . 

To couzen Fortune^ and be honourable 

fFithout the Stamp of Merit ? ShakespeaUt 

-. J 

. I 

YES : all, my Lord, vfurp fj^ir Hokour's fame 5 
Though falfe as various b^ the boaftpd claim ; 
Th* ambitious mifer fwells his boundlefs ftore^ 
And dreads that higheft fca^dal, to be poor \ 

Verfe i , &c. Thp Various and ridiculons pretenfions of man? 
)cind to HoDOur and Fame enumerated. 


Yer* 1 9 &c. Onif Phonn^ur, Valincour, ^ftcheri dans 1^ moodtre 
L'Ambitieux le met fouvent i tout bruUr^ 
L'Avarc a voir chcz lui Ic Paftole rouler, - 
yn faujc brave \ ydiUitx fa prouefTe frivole, 

( 3^7 ) 

His wifer heir derides the dotard's aim, 5 

And bids profufion bribe him into fame. 

OfV Honour, perching on the ribbon'd breaft. 

Sneers at weak juftice, and defies th* arreft ; 

She dwells exulting on the tongues of kings; 

She wakes the Mufe to flight, and plumes her wings ; lo 

The foldier views her in the ihihing bkde ; 


The pedant 'midft the lumber in his head- 
She to fell Treafon the difguife can lend, ^ 
And Iheath her fword remorfelefs in a friend : 
Her throne*^ fantaltic pride, we often fee 1 5 

ReaPd on the tombs of Truth and Honefty ; 
Fops, templarsj-courtiers, flaves,-cheats, patriots,-*aIl 
Pretend to hear, and to obey the call. 

Where fix we then ? — Each boafting thus his own. 
Say, does true Honour dwell with all, or none ? 26 

The truth, my Lord, is clear:— tho* impious pride 
Is ever felf-ador'd, felf-deify*d ; 

Ver. 21. Though they are thus inconftant and contradi£lory, yet 
true Honour is a thing fix'd and determinate. 

Un vral fourbe a jamais ne g&rder fa parole, 
Ce Poete a noircir d' infipiaes papiers, - 
Ce Marquis a favoir frauder fcs creanciers.^— 
Interrogeons marchands, itnanciers, gens de guerre, 
Courtiians, magiftrats chez eux, A je les croi, 
L' interet ne pent rien, i* honneur feul fail la loi. 


X 4 Though 


». '»k 

t' •* 

Fa|l^down and woriUp^ what thfinfdvtorhflurO'isad^^^^^ 
Still dqeithe Goddeg, in hjer^armitiiTine^ ' :.<' ^la^'^^ 
O'er each grim idol eminenthr flune^f' •'•'' "^* -^ '''•? ^--' 
ArrayM in lafting majeflyt b kikatifnf - ^ . , - rr^. J 
Through every dime and age, xmdiang'd, and Ooc^^V 

Bot how cxpIor'dB--^Take^reaifon^'ib,r your ^guglcvL 
Diicard felf-Iove ; fet paifionV gbtfs afidc } i./zgb 
Nor view her with the jaundiced tyd of pride. » . Ii /v 
Yet judge not raflily frooi a partial tiew 
Of what is wrong or right, or Adfe or true % 
OljjjBfts too near deceive th* ohferver's eye j 
Examine thoie which at a difkance .lie. u - v 35 ' 

Scarce is the (Iru&ure's harmony defcry*d 
^Midft the tgU eolumn'St and gay order's pride ; 
But towVds th^ckftin'd point your fight remove^ 
And fhis ihall leflen ftilU and that improve^ 
NeW beauties gain upon your wond -ring eyes, 40 ♦ 

And th^ fair Whole in juft proportions rife. 
Thus ilonour^s true proportions beft are feen, 
Wher^the due length of ages lies between : 

Verfc 29^. If \vc would form an impartial jodgcticnt of wliati*/ 
truly TWwioiirable, wc muft tbftr;i£t all confideradons which regaitl - 

VcHb j*. Not <itily To, btit wc muft remove ourfefvcs to a proper 
dillance from the obj<i^ we examine, left fome part ihould predomi- 
nate, in jour eye. and occafion a falfe judgment of the whole. 


■-■ -iT' " 


( 3^9 ) 

his feparatf & paii fuoai' gireatnefiV rihow from wortht''' 
'etcd^j^UfeiK&iityi'^'ccaL gracexall^ibrrh ; > .:' 45 ~ 
oints out wharmnricBpraiie, what inerits blarney 1 '^ 
inks in difgrace, ortti&s intoiame. : . , ^*? : ' 

Come then, from pafl: examples: let jas prove ' ^^^ 
^atlriuTes hate, ronccmpt^ efteem^ Off love/ '''^ • *' 
Canlgreatnefs gtve^troe Hon6ur ? can expence I 50 
anlaxury? or can magnificence .^ 
fiyild is the pui^fe, and the finitie& aim, - i 
ike a vile proftitute to bribe fair Fame \ ■ i^ .• " w 
crfuafive iplendor vaii^ Tempts her ear, - ^ 

nd e*en all-poipmt gold is 1:>aflled here; - 55" 

e pyramids, that oner cocdd threat ihbftScs, ' ' 
fpiring towers,*" and dowd^wnapt wondtefs, rife ! 
o lateft age your founder's pride proc^iim: 1 ' ^ 
ecord the tyrant"!s gneatncfi ; tell 'his Mme j ''"'■' 
more : — ^The treacherous brick ahd iriould^riag^M • 
i« Junk in duft : the hozAxng title gone : : oi " * 

•ide's trophies fwept by Timers devouring flobdv 
li* infcription want, to tell where once they ftockl. 

. r 

» . " ■ ■ ■ ". 

Vcrfc 48. Therefore the furell method is, to prove by paft ex- 
p)e^ what commancb. our love and efteexn. ,,. v 

v^le.50, Sec, Expence and grandeur cannotgive troe Kcinpnr :. 
leir ihoft fplendid monuments vaniOi ; and even (hould they ^ft 
ever* could not beilov real glorx, if only the lecordj oCFxidf, 
ranpy, and Viqc. . . li r 

• But 

But could they ii?al Nature, Ti«iq4efy> - . , ,^x^/* 
Yet what record but Vice or Vapifyi? ir .it 6$ 

His the true gloiy^ though kk nfm^ti^fiknownt . « : 
Who uught the arch to fwcll i to icUe, the fton^s ' 
Not his> whofe wild commaod fair art obey'd^ 
Wbilit folly difbted, or pafiion fway'd; 

No: fpiteof greacoefs, pride and vice: are ieciiy 70 
Shameful in pomp, confpicuoufiy loean^ I : 

In vain, OSt--d— 7, thy proud ^xefts fpcead;;/:/ 
In vain each gilded turret rears it$ head } ■ ,.■ : ; ; 

In vain thy Lord commands the fixeams to fall^ 
Extends the view, and fpreads the fmooth canal^.. j^ 
While guilt's black train each confcious walk irvvade> / 
And cries of orplians haunt him in the (hade. 
Miftaken man ! by crimes to hope for fame ! 
Thy imag'd gbry leads to real fhame : 
Is villainy felf-hated ? thus to raife f^ 

Upbraiding monuments of foul difgrace ? 
Succeeding times, and ages yet unborn. 
Shall view the guilty fcenes with honeft fcom ; 
Difdain each beauty thy proud folly planned. 
And curfe the labours of oppreflion's hand. %g 

Verfe 72» &c. Mach Icfs if purchased by Opprefiion and Guilts 


(331 ) 

> t 

Next, view the Heroc in th* embilttltd field v 
Tnx Honour's fruit can conqueft*s Imrel yickj t ^ 

Him only honourV}, only lov*d wc find, 5 ^ 

Who fights not to dcftroy, but fave mankind : ^ ^'^ 
Pelides' fury may our wonder move, ' ^q^ 

But god-like Hectok. is the man wc love, . : . V 

See William's fword g tyrant's pride di&rm i 
3ee Lewis trembling under Marlb'ro*s arm i 
Say, which to human kind are friends or foes ; 
fVjid who detefts not Thefe, and loves not Thofc ? 95 
wonquefi: urtjuft can ne'er command applailfe ; 
Tis not thA vift'ry charms you, but the caufe ; > 
Mot Cafar's felf can feign the patriot'^ part, 
STor his falfe virtues hide his poiibnVi heart t 
But round thy brows the willing laurels twine, ' 10b 
Whofe voice ^ wak'd freedom in the favage mine-i ' 
jfes: truly glorious, only great is he, ' • 

Who conquers, or who bleeds for liberty^ ' 

Vcrfc 86, &c. True Honour is not to be reaped from unjaft 
Tonqaeft : It is not ViAory^ hot a juft Caufe chat can •ogagedqr' 

fi^e 98. Du premier des Capfars on vantc }ei exploits ; . .. ^ 
Mais dans quel tribunal, juge Tuivant les loix, 
f ut i] pu difculper fon injufle manic ? 

BoiLBAUt Sat. n* 


*• Heroes 

\ I 


( 33.^ > 

** Heroes ^art mxffdk the f^me, th^i point^s agreed, ' 

** From Macedonia's mad-marif'txi: die ^wede.'' ro^ 

Like baleful comets' flaming in tte iloes;, ^ ^ 

At deftift'd times th* appointed fcowrges' rife 5 ' 

As^hile in ftreamirig Ibftre fweep'ticmjg". 

And fix in wohder^ gaK tb* admifting throng; 

But rcafon's eye dat&s the fptrridtos ray, ' ^ ^'i^d 

And the falfe blaze of glory dies away. ''- * '^'^ 

Now all th* aerial cells of wit explore ; ' .■" :-' 
The mazy roonds offcieftce travel o*er; .. 

Search all dmideep recefles of the mind. 
And fee, if there true Honour fits enfhrin'd. ii$ 

Alas, nor wit nor fcience this can boaft. 
Oft' dalh*d with error, oft* in caprice loft ! 
Tranfient as bright the (hort-liv*d bubbles fly f 
And modes of wit, and modes of fcience die. 
See Rab'lais once the idol of the age .5 1 26 

Yet now negledtcd lies the fmutted page ! 
Of once renowned Dcs Cartes how low the fall,— 
His glory with his. whirlpools vanifli all 1 
See folly, wit — and weakneis, wifdom ftain, — 
And Villars witty — Bacon wife in vain I 125 

Verfc 1 1 6. Neither is true glory to be obtained by wit or fcience : 
They irt chimerical : Sometimes attended with folly » and weak- 
nefs ; often ilain'd with vicei aod b render their pdTeEbrs mif- 
chievpiu and infamous. 


( J33 ) 

Oft' y^c9CorrMp<»ntyh»fcfcnfe.an4!p«rts refine; h -.j^l i 
/i^ clouds .d«d>teidor of irfwbrigbtefttirtei -or 5 * 

Sullies what CoogRcviei M^d ?»h>tiDfydeo vrrit,.Tr:)>i: t 
This, fafbkwk's 0«w j; aa that,.. <befftavcrof wife i; i- jy 
In vain fair Genius .tej<}^!<he laoprl fhoQt^ MirJ^ 

The deadly wQrtn.fiHMft •eating a^.dve «)9t t x J bnA 
^om)ded thus, /tljci>gfepi^eft wreathe dcc^y>. ( liti luH 
And all the poet>J»W)urs fall avfay* i - • »(ij L^n/: 
Quick as.autumfwlieaYft^ thcjJavtdU fede* ;i. ro'A . 
And drop on Rpchefter's and Otway'si fewA - ^^ii j^JT 

Where then is foiund TauE Houova, heavenljnfeir? 
A% LoN$e^AM» f^ j?our heart -rniheidiftates jthcbew'r 

Yes : *tis in y»T,uE.;- — ^^ That done ean givbfv 
The lafting hpnqur, i»ad bid gloty kKCrt . . ^ i> ^:10 
On Virtue'f bafis only.fatnc can rifc^i ;; • >(if«4d 

To (land the .Apr9i4 of age, and reach the fldosn In A 
Art;, conqueil, greatnefe, feel thriftroloc o£ fatCj^i ov 
Shrink fudden, apd betray th' incumbent we^09 .0/ 
Time with conteinptifae faithlefs piops farvcys^ no K 
** And buries madai» jn the heaps/ they laifc;?^' J ^^124^ 

: I M IT A T I O W «. ■ ' ^ ^-"^ 

Verfe 126. Jc ne puis edimer ces dangc;feax agt^iffs, , r \ h 
,; : i . Qui de V IjOiiAciri* eh rcrs irfaraci ilcfehciirt,' ^ ' ^ ' ' 

Trahi/Tant la vertu fur uo Papier coupaljiJey ^ . . . r 
.1 - Aox yenX"^ Wr Te6f^r8 retadjent fe vice amiaWc.T;?". 
En vain T d^t eft pWn d*M 'nobte yWue'ur^ ' ' .' ' 
I^ vt^s Jb ISrfit tbiljoah d0^ bafletfes Vc&nr. '^ ^ ^ 

Vcr& 138- The fonadatjon of true Honour Is Virtue only. 


( 334 ) 

*Tis Virtue only can the bard infpittf. 
And fill his raptur'd breaft with lafting fire i 
Touched by th* etherial ray each kindled line 
Beams ftrong : ftill Virtue feeds the flame divine ; 
"Where'er (he treads Ihe leaves hef fbotfteps bright^ isq 
in radiant trafts of never-dying light i 
Thefe fhed the luftre d'er each facred name. 
Give Spenser's clear, and Shaksspear's noblie Bmaci 
Blaze to the fides in Milton's ardent Ibng^ 
And kindle the briflc-fallying fire of Yoimc 5 155 
Thefe gild each humUe verfe in modefl: Gay i 
Thefe give to Swift the keen, foul-piercing ray 1 ' 
Mildly through Addison's chafte page they fiiine. 
And glow and warm in Pope's immortal line. 

Nor Icfs the fage muft live by Virtue's aid ; 160 
Truth muft fupport him, or his glories fade > 
And truth and virtue difier but in name : 
Like light and heat — difl:ingui(h'd, yet the fan»: 

To truth and virtue the afccnt is fure 5 
The wholefome ftream implies the fountain pures^ 165 
To tafte the fpring we oft' eifay in vain : 
Deep lies the fource, too fliort is reafon's chain ; 

Verfc 153. It is Virtue only that gives the poet lafting %l<ttj: 
this proved by inftantes. 

Verfe 164. The philoibpher can only hope for trae glory from 
the fame fource; becaufe Truth is his obje^» and nothing can be 
Truth that tends to deftroy Virtue and Happindf • 

A But 

( 335 ) 

lofc the iflucs of pure truth we know, 

li in clear ftrength through virtue's channel flow : 

in vain attempts the iR>ul difguife^ iyo 

afted in the bitter wave of vice ; 

n from the fprings of Fa]febood all confeis 

baleful drop that poifons happineis ; 

i — n's thin ftiallows, Tindal*s muddy puge, 

Morgan's gall^ and Woolflon's furious rage ; i 75 

nvenom'd ftream that flows from Toland*s quill> 

the rank dregs of Hobbes and Mandevillc. 

ted names t yet fentenc'd ne'er to die ; 

h'd from obJivion's grave by inferny ? 


fe 174. Hence appears the madnefs, infamy, and falfehood 
fe deftruftive fchemes fet on foot by the feft called Pree- 

-rd— 4)*& thin Shallows.] The Work here charafieriaBedia^iD. 
i, *' The Independent Whig, or a Defence of our ecclefiaftical 
ibliftiment :" Yet it may £b« truly aftffmed» that there sar not 
(litution of the Church of England, but what is there mif- 
mtedy and ridkuled with the loweft and moft defpkaUe (cur- 

dal's muddy page.] Alluding to the confufion of Ideas, 
that dull writer labours under. 

i^Q.] His chara6ler is thus drawn by an excellent writer-^ 
o by the peculiar felicity of a goodchoice» having learned his 
rality of oar Tindal, and his Philofophy of your [the J^ws] 
noza, calls himfelf, by the courtcfy of EnglancT, a Af ^ral 
lofopher." Warb. Div. Leg. of Mofes dem. Vol. It. Ded. 

[and.] A noted advocate for that ipeciea of Athcifin oom«« 
' called Pantheifm. 

bbes.l It is confeded he was a man of Genint aad Learn- 
Yet through a ridiculous affedaiion of being xegaidod as the 


( 336 ) 

Inieft-opinions, hatch'd by folly's ray, ito 

Balk in the beam that wmg'd them, for a day : 
Truth, Phoenix-like immortal, though fhe dies. 
With flrength renewed fliall from her aflies rifc» 

See, how the luflre of th* Athenian ■ iage 
Shines thro* the lengthen'd gloom of many an age I 185 
Virtue alone fo wide the beam could fpread. 
And throw the lafting glory round his head. 
See Newton chafe conjedlure's twilight ray. 
And light up nature into certain day ! 
He wide creation's tracklefs mazes trod ; xy^ 

And in each atom found the ruling God. 
Unrival'd pair ! with truth and virtue fraught ! 
Whofe lives confirmed whatever their reafon taught ! 
Whofe far-flretcK'd views, and bright examples join'd 
At once t* enlighten and perfuade mankind I 195 

foonder of new Syftemsi he has advanced isany tkings even b^ 
low confutation. 

Mandcville.l The Author of that monftroas heap of contra* 
di^ion and abi urdity, <* The Fable of the Bees, or private Vicct 
*^ public Benefits." The reader who is acquainted with the 
writings of thofe Gentlemen, will probably obferve a kind of 
climax in this place ; afcending from thofe who have attempted 
to deftroy the feveral fences of vinue, to the wild boars of tiw 
wood that root it up. 

Verfe 180. Falfenood fhort lived: Truth eternal. 

Vcrfc 184, Sec, Examples of the two moft illuftrions philot<^ 
phers that ever adorned the world ; the one excellent in moahU 
xhe other in natural knowledge. 
" Socrates. 


( 337 ) 

FTail names rcver'd ! which time and truth proclaitlj 

The firft and fmreft in the lift of fame. 

Kings, ftatefmen, patriots, thus to glory rife ; "" 

Dn virtue grows their fame, or foon it dies ; 

But grafted on the vigorous ftock, •ds feen 290 

Brightened by age, and fprings in endlcfi green : 

Pride, folly, vice may bloflbm for an hour. 

Fed by court fun-fliine, and poetic fhow'r 5 

But the pale tendrils, nursed by flattery's hand. 

Unwearied tendance, frefh fupplies demand ; 205 

By heats unnatural pulh'd to fudden growth, 

rhey fickcn at th* inclement blafts of truth ; 

Shook by the weakeft breath that pafles by, 

rheir colours fade, they wither, droop, and die. 

' ' • « '« « « p 

Tis Virtue only that Ihall grow with time, ait^ 

Live through each age, and fpread through every cfiitie; 

See god-like patriots, genVous, wife, and good, • 

Stand in the breach, and ftcm corruption's flood 1 

See martyr-bifliops at the fl:ake expire. 

Smile on the faggot, and defy its fire I :^ji $ 


^ Verffi I98» &c. Kings, fta^men, and patriots, muft baild 
tlmf lame on -Virtue. 

Verfe 204. Flattery cannot raifc folly or vice into true gk>ry« ' 

,. Sec martyr.bifliops, &c.] The catalogue of thcfc heroes, 
through the fcvcral ages of Chriftianity, is too large fo be in- 

VoL. III. Y icrtci 

( 33M 

tlow great in exile Htdb aod Tully (hone ( 
How Alfred's virtues brighteo'd all his throne f 
From worth like this unbidden ^ries ftream i 
Nor borrow'd blaze it afks, nor fortune's beam % 
jQiHidtion's gloom but makes it flill more bright, . 229 
As the clear lamp ihines cleared in the night.. 

Thus various honours various flates adom^ 
As difierent ftars with different glories bum ; 
Their orl^ too wider, as their Iphere is higher ; 
Yet all partake the fame celeftial fire. 2^ 

See then heav'n-s endlefs bounty, and confefs^ 
Which gives in Virtue fame and happincls 1 
See mankind's folly, who the boon defpife^ 
And grafp at pain and infamy in Vice ! 

Not fo the man who mov'd by Virtue's laws, 230 
Reveres himfelf -— and gains, not feeks applaufe j 
Whofe views concenter'd all to Virtue tend ; 
Who makes true glory but his fecond end : 
Still fway'd by what is fit, and jufl, and true. 
Who gives to all whate'er to all is due ; 235 

fcrtcd in a work of this nature : Thofc of our own Country 
were Ridley, Latimbr» and the good (thoagh led fortunate) 

Vet{e 223. Thus it appears that every one hae the power of ob- 
taining true honour, by promoting the happineis of mankind ia. 
his proper flatidn. 

Verie 226. And thus the love of fame, though often perverted to 
bad ends, is naturally conducive to virtue and happioeis. 

Vcrfe 230, Sec. True honour charaaeriz'd and exemplify M, 


( 339 ) 

'When pirties mad fcdition's garb put bfU 
Snatches the higheft praiic, ^^ and is of none t 
Whilft round and round the veering patriots roll^ 
Unfhaken points to Truth, as to his pole ; 
Contemns alike what fafdons praife or blame ; 240 
O'er rumour's narrow orbit foars to fame : 
UnmovM whilft malice barks, or envy howls^ 
Walks firm to virtue through the fcofis of fools ) 
Ko minion flatters ; gains no felfifh end ; . 
His own-his king*s-^his country*s-*mankind's friend y^ 
Him Virtue crowns with wreaths that ne'er decay 5 246 
And glory circles him with endlefs day. 

Such he who deep in VirtI^b roots his fame ; 
And fuch* through ages fhdU be LiOnsdale's name« 

W F T~WW www V W #T VWT'f' WTTWVv W * ▼▼ W w VWV^ 


, By Mr. Mason. 

XP^ E green-hair'd nymphs ! whom Pan' ^ow^ 
•*- To tend this fwectly-fblcmn •}- Wood, 
To fpeed the fhooting fcions into boughs. 
And call the rofcate blolToms from the bud ; 

f A Teat near *' ^ finely fitoated with a great command of 
water, . bat difpofed in a y^xy falfe tafte, which gave occaiion 
,to this Ode. 

Y 2 But 

( 340 ) 


But chief, thou Naid» wont fo long to lead 
'This fluid cryftal fparkling as it flows v 

Whither, ah ! whither art thou fled ? 

What ihade is confcious to thy woes ? 

Ah ! *tis yon poplar's aweful gloom 5 

Poetic eyes can pierce the fcenc. 
Can fee thy drooping head, thy withering bloom,. 
See grief diflfus'd o'er all thy languid, mien. 
Well raay'ft thou wear misfortune's fainting air. 
Well rend thofc flow'ry honours from thy brow. 

Devolve that length of carelefs hair, 
, And give yon azure veil to flow 

Loofe to the wind. For ah ! thy paia 

The pitying Mufe can well relate : 
Ah ! let her, plaintive, pour the tend'reft flrrain. 
To teach the Echoes thy difafl:rous fate. 
Twas where the alder's clofe-knit fhade entwin'd 
(What time the dog-fl:ar's fires intenfely burn,) 

In gentlefl: indolence reclin'd, 

Befide your ever-trickling urn 

You flept ferene ; all free from fears. 

No friendly dream foretold your harm,. 
When fuddcn, fee ! the tyrant Art appears 
To fnatch the liquid treafures from thy arm. 


( 540 

Art, Gothic Art, has feiz'd thy darling vafe. 
That vafe which filver-flippcr'd Thetis gave. 

For fome foft ftory told with grace. 

Amid th* aflbciates of the wave ; 

When in fequefter'd coral vales. 

While worlds of waters roU'd above. 
The circling fea-nymphs told alternate tales 
Of fabled changes, and of flighted love. 
Ah ! lofi too juftly mourn'd ! for now the fiend 
Has on yon (hell- wrought terras pois*d it high. 

And thence he bids its dreams defcend. 

With torturing regularity ; 

From ftep to ftep with fuUen found 

The forced cafcades indignant leap, 
•Till pent they fill the bafon's meafur^d round. 
There in a dull ftagnation doomed to fleep. 
Loft is the vocal pebble's gurgling fong. 
The rill foft-dripping from its rocky fpring. 

No free meander winds along. 

Or curls, when Zephyr waves his wing, 

Thefe charms, alas ! are now no more — 

Fortune, oh ! give me to redeem 
The ravi{h*d vafe ; oh ! give me to reftore 
Its priftine honours, to this haplefs ftream ! 

Y 3 Then, 

( 342 ) 

Then, Nympht again^ with all their native eafct 

Thy wanton waters, volatile and free. 
Shall wildly warble, as they pleafe. 
Their foft loquacious harmony. 
Where-e*er they vagrant choofe to rove. 
There will I lead, not force their way, 

"Whether to gloom beneath the fhady grove. 

Or in the mead reflet the fparkling ray, 
" Kot HAC).£y*s various fixeam ihall thine furpais. 

Though Nature, and her J^ytt^lton ordain 
That there the Naid band (hould grace 
. With every wat'ry charm the plain ; 
That there the frequent rills (hould roll. 
And health to every flow'r difpenfe, 

Free as their mafter pours from all his foul 

The genVous tide of warm benevolence ; 

Should now glide fweetly plaintive through the valc 

jn melting murmurs querulqufly flow; 
Soft as that mafttr*s love-lorn tale. 
When Lucy calls forth all his woe 2 
Should now from fteepy heights defcend. 
Peep thqnd'ring the rough rocks among, 

Loud as the praifc applauding fenates lend. 

When England's Caufe ipfpires his glowing tongue. 


•( 345 ) 


M U S iE U S: 



Mem or y of Mr. POPE, 

In Imitation of M i l t o n's Lycidas* 

By the Same. 

OOrrowing I catch the reed, and call the Mufe ; 
*^ If yet a Mufe on Britain's plain abide. 
Since rapt Mus^us tun'd his parting {train : 
With hirh they liv*d, with him perchance they dy*d. 
"For who e'er fince their virgin train efpy'd. 
Or on the banks of Thames, or that mild plain. 
Where Ifis fparkles to the funny ray ? 
Or have they deign'd to play. 


• " 


Where Camus winds along his broider'd rzk^ 

Feeding each white pink^ and each datfie |>i(d^ 

That mingling paint his rufhy- fringed fide ? 

Yet ah ! celeftial maids, ye are not diead i 

Inunortal as ye are, ye may not die : 

And well I ween, ye cannot quite be fled^ 

Ere ye entune his mournful elegy* 

Stay then awhile^ O ftay, ye fleeting fair ; 

Revifit yet, nor hallow'd Hippocrene, 

Nor Theipia's (hade i 'dll your harmonious teen 

Be grateful pour*d on fome flow-ditted air^ 

Such tribute paid, , again ye may repair - ' ' 

To what lov'd haunt you whilom did eledl ; 

. . • • •■ 

• • • 

Whether Lycaeius, or that mountain fair 
Trim Masnelaus, with piny verdure decked* 
But now it boots you not in thefe to ftray» 
Or yet Cyllcne*s hoary (hade to choofe. 
Or where mild Ladon^s fwelling waters play. 
Forego each vain excufe. 

And hafte to Thames*s fliores 5 for Thames ihall joifl 
Our fad fociety, and pai&ng mourn. 
Letting cold tears bedew his lilver urn. 
And, when the poet's withered grot he laves^ 
His reed-crown'd locks fhallihake, his head (ball boWp 


( 347 ) 

His tide no more in eddies blithe ihall rove. 
But creep foft by with long-drawn murmurs flow« 
For oft the poet rous'd his charmed waves 
With martial notes, or lull'd with ftrains.of Ipvc* 
He mufl: not now in brifk meanders flow 
Gamefome, and kifs the fadly-filent fhore^ 
Without the loan of fbme poetic woe. 

Can I forget,^ how erlt his oilers made 
Sad fullen mulic, as bleak Eurus fann'd? 
Can I forget, how gloom'd yon laureat Ihadc^ 
Ere death remorfelefs wav*d his ebon wand ? 
How, 'midft yon grot, each filver^ trickling fpring 
Wander*d the (helly channels all among s 
While as the coral roof did foftly ring 
Refponfive to their fwcetly-doleful fong ? 
Meanwhile all pale th' expiring poet laid. 
And funk his aweful head, 
While vocal fliadows plealing dreams prolong j 
For fo, his lick'ning fpirits to relcafc. 
They pour*d the balm of vifionary peace. 

Firft, fent from Cam's fair banks, like Palmer old. 
Came ' Tityrus flow, with head all filver*d o'er, 

^ • Tityros, &c.1 i. c. Chaucer, a name frequently given him by 
Spfofer* Yid« ohe|>, CjiI £cL 2. 6* 12. and eikwhcre. 




And in his hand an oaken crook he bore. 
And thus in antique guile (hdrt talk did hoM, 
Crete clerk' of Fame* is houfe, whofe excellence 
Maic wclc befitt thilk place of eminence, 
** Mickle of wele betide thy houres laift. 
For mich gode wirkc to me don and paft. 
For fyn the daies whereas my lyre ben ftrongen. 
And deftly many a mery laie I fongen. 
Old Time, which alle things don malictoufiy, 
Gnawen with rufty tooth continually, 
Gnattrid my lines, that they all cancrid ben, 
*TilI at the laft thou fmoothen 'hem haft again j 
*' Sithence full femely gliden my rhymes rude, 
" As, (if fitteth thilk fimilitude) 
*' Whanne (hallow brooke yrenneth hobling on,' 
" Ovir rough ftones it maken full rough fong : 
^ But, them ftones removen, this lite riverc 
Stealen forth by, making pleafant murmere t 
So my fcly rhymes, whofo may them note, 
*' Thou maken everichone to rcn right fote ; 
" And in my verfe entuneth fo fetifely, 
*' That men fayen I make trewe melody, 
'' And fpeaken every dele to myne honoure, 
*'Mich wele, gretc clerk, betide thy parting houref* 





( 349 ) 

He ceasM his homely/rhyme. 
When * Colin Clout, Eliza's fhepherd fwain. 
The blicheft lad that ever pip*d on plain. 
Came with his reed foft-warbling on the way. 
And thrice he bow'd his head with niotion mild, 
And thus his gliding numbers 'gan eflay. 

•• * Ah 1 lucklels fwain, alas ! how art thou lorn, 
** Who once like me could*ft frame thy pipe to play 
Shepherds devife,. and chear the lingering morn : 
Ne bufli, ne breere> but learnt thy roundelay, 
** Ah plight too fore fuch worth to equal right ! 
** Ah worth too high to meet fuch piteous plight ! 

, IL 
** But I nou^t ftrive, poor Colin, to- compare * 
** My Hobbin's, or my Thenot*s ruftic (kill 
** To thy deft Swains, whofe dapper ditties rare 
*^ Surpafs. ought elfe of quainteft Ihepherd's quilL 
•* Ev*n Roman Tityrus, that peerlefs wight, 
** Mote yield to thee for dainties of delight. 

» Colin Clout.] i. e. Spends er» which name he gives himfelf 
thronghout his works. 

* The two firil ftanzas of this fpeech, as they relate to Paftoral, 
are wiitten in the meafure which Spenfer ufes in the firft eck>eue 
ef the Shepherd's Calendar ; the rell, where he fpeaks of Fable, 
jure in the (lanza of the Faery Queea« 

III. " Eke 

( 35« ) 


^ £kc wheal in t*ablc*s flow'iy path you ftrajr^d, 
Maiking in cunning feints Truth's ^lerident fibcej 
Ne Sylph, ne Sylphid, but due tendence pait^ 
^* To fhield Belinda's lock from fek>n bafe^ 
*^ But all mote nought avail fuch hann to chafe^ 
** Than Una fair 'gar^ droop her princely mein^ 
•• Eke Ftoriniel, and all my Faery race : 
^ BeUnda far iurpaft by beauties Iheen, 
?* Belinda, fubjcft meet for fuch foft lay I weem 

•' Like as in villag'd troop of birdlings trim^ . 
" Where Chanticleer his red creft high doth hold, 
** And quaking Ducks, that wont in lake to fwim. 
And Turkeys proud, and Pigeons nothing bold ; 
If chance the Peacock doth his plumes unfold, 
•* Eftfoons their meaner beauties all decaying, 
" He glift'neth purple, and he glift'neth gold, 
•* Now with bright green, now blue himfelf arrajdng. 
Such is thy beauty bright, all other beauties fwaying* 

** But why do I defcant this toyifh rhyme, 4 
•' And fancies light in fimple guife pourtray ? 
** Lifting to chear thee at this rueful time, 
\" While as black Death doth on thy heartftrings prey. 
4 r Yet 





^ Yet rede aright^ and if this friendly lay 

^ Thou nathleis judgefk ail too (fight and vsuiv 

^^ Let my wcl^meaning mend my ill eflay : 

* So may I greet thee with a nobler ftrain, 

* When fi)0(i we meet for aye^ in yon ftar-fprinkled 


La£b came a bard of more exalted tread, 
f\.nd ' Thvrsis hight by Dryad; Fawn, or Swaiii> 
WheneVr he mingled with the fylvan train ; 
But feldom that; for higher thoughts he fed ; 
For him full oft the heav'nly Mufbs led 
To clear Euphrates^ and the iiecret mount, 
TaArahy, and Eden, fragrant climes v 
/Ul which, thfi iacDed bard would oft recount r 
And thua in ftraiut unus'd in grove or fhade. 
To fad MusjSLvs right&l homage paid 

" Thrice hail, thouheav'n-taught warbler, laft and beft 
•* Of all the;, train ! Poet, in whom conjoined 
^ All that to ear, oc headv or head, could yield 
^^ Rapture.; harmonious, manly, clear, fublime f 

' Hight Thyrfis.] i. e. MiLTON. Lycidas, and the EpitapKium 
Damonis are the only PafloraU we have of Milton's ; in the latter 
of which, where he laments Car. Deodatas under the name of 
Damon^ he calb himfelf Thyrlis. 

?! Accept 

( 352 ) 

•• Accept this gratulation : may it chear 

** Thy finking foul j nor thefe corporeal ills 

** Ought daunt thee, or appall. Know, in high heav'a 

" Fame blooms eternal o'er that fpirit divine, 

•* Who builds immortal vcrfc* There thy bold Mufe, 

^^ Which while on earth could breathe Masonian fire, 

^' Shall (par feraphic heights ; while to her voice 



Ten thoufiuid Hierarchies of angels harp 
Symphonious, and with dulcet harmonies 
^' Ulher the fong rejoicing. I meanwhile. 
To footh thee in thefe irkfome hours of pain^ 
Approach thy vifitant, with mortal laud 
To praife thee mortal. Firft, (as firft befeems) 
For rhyme fubdu'd ; rhyme, erft the minftrel rude 
Of Chaos, Anarch old : fhe near his throne 
" Oft taught the rattling elements to chime 
*' With tenfold din -, 'till late to earth upborn 
" On ftrident wing, what time fair poefie 
*' Emerg'd from Gothic cloud, and faintly fliot 
*' Rekindling gleams of luftre. Her the fiend 
•' Opprefs'd ; forcing to utter uncouth dirge, ' 
•' Runic, or Leonine ; and with dire chains 
*' Fetter'd her fcarce-fledg'd pinion. I fuch bonds 
f* Aim'd to deftroy, miftaking : bonds like thefe 

!!! Twcrr 


( 353 ) 

^ 'Twere greater art t* ennoble, and fcfinc- 
For this fuperior part MuSiStJS came : 
Thou cam'ft, and at thy magic touch the chains 
OfFdropt, and (paffing ftrange !) foft-wrcathcd bands 
Of floVrs their place fupply'd^ which well the Mufe 
Might wear for choice, not force ; obftrudlion none, 
'' But lovelieft ornament. Wond'rous this, yet here 
*^ The wonder refts not ; various argument 
*^ Remains for me, all doubting, where to cull 
^^ The primal grace, where countlefs graces cbarm. 
•' Various this peaceful fcene, this mineral roof; 
^^ This Temblance meet of coral, ore, and (hell ) 
*• Thcfe pointed cryftals fair, 'mid each obfcurc 
^^ Bright gliil*ring ; all thcfe flowly-dripping rills. 


That tinkling ftray amid the cooly cave. 

Yet not this various peaceful fcene ; with this 

Its mineral roof; nor this aflemblage meet 
•* Of coral, ore, and fhell ; nor 'mid th* obfcurc 
" Thefc pointed cryftals, glittering fair ; nor rills, 
•* That ftraying tinkle through the cooly cave ; 
•* Deal charms more various to each raptur'd knk^ 
** Than thy mellifluous lay — '* 

*' Ceafc, friendly fwain ;" 
(MuSiBus cry'd, and rais'd his aching head) 

Vol. hi. Z " All 

( sw > 

•• All praife is foreign, but of true defert ; 
^^ Plays round the head, but comes not tp thu^ h^art; 
*• Ahl why recall the toys of thoughtleft yoyttK? 
•• When flow'ry fiftion held the place of truth : 

When £uicy rul'd ; when trill'd each trivial ftr^ 

But idly fweet, and elegandy vain. 
*' O ! in that ftrain, if all of wit had flow*d^ 
•* All mufic warbled, and all beauty glow'd ; 
*' Had liveKeft nature, happieft art combin'd j 
^' That lent each grace, and this each grace refined; 
** Alas ! how litde were my proudeft boaft ! 

The fweeteft trifler of my tribe at mod. 


" To fway the judgment, while he charms the earj 
•' To curb mad paflion in its wild career ; 
" To blend with Ikill, as loftieft themes infpirc, 
" All reafon's rigour, and all fancy's fire; 
** Be this the poet's praife ; with this uncrown'd> 
?' Wit dies a jeft, and poetry a found. 

" Come then tliat honeft fame ; whofe fober ray 
" Ot gilds the fatire, or the moral 1^, ru ^j^^ jj^^^ 
" Which dawns, though thou, rough Donne ! hew out 
** But beams, fage Horace, from each ftrain of thine. 

'' O ! if, 

< 355 ) 

<* O ! if, like tifedfe, one poet niore coutd brave 

*' The venat ftatefman^ or the titled (lave 5 

** Brand frontlefs Vice, ftrip all her ftars and firings^ 

^ Not fpate her bafking in thie finile of kings : 

^^ Yet ftoop to Virtue, though the proffrate maid 

" Lay fadly pale itt bleak misfortune's fllade : 

" If grave, yet lively ; rational; yfet Warm ; 

** Clear to convince, and elOqUelnt to charm ; 

" He pour'd, for Her Ibv'd caufe, ferene along 

" The ptirfeft prfecept, in the fwceteft long : 

" For hei' lov'd caiife, he trac'd his moral plan,' 

" Yon various region of bewild'riilg mail ; 

" Explored alike each fcerie, that frdWn'd of fmirdi 

" The floW'ry garden, Or the wcfedy wild ; 

•* Uiimov'd by fophiftry, unaw'd by name, 

" No dupe to doftrines, and no fool to fame ; 

" Led by no fyftem's devious glare aftray. 

And heavVs own views fair opening on his mind, 
CatchM from bright natiire^s flanie the living ray. 
Through pafllori^s cloud pourM in refiftlels day j 
And' this great truth in all its luftre fhev^'d. 
That God is wise, and all Creation good : 

Z 2 " If 


" If this his boaft, pour here the welcome laya.: 
** Praife lefs than this, is impotence of praife/* 

•' To pour that praife be mine/* fair Virtue cry'd^ 
And (h6t all radiant, through an op'ning cloud. 
But ah ! my Mufe, how will thy voice exprefs 
Th* immortal ftrain, harmonious, as it flow'd ? 
Ill fuits immortal ftrain a doric drefs : 
And far too high already haft thou foar'd. 
Enough for thee, that, when the lay was o*er. 
The goddefs clafp*d him to her throbbing breaft. 
But what might that avail ? Blind Fate before 
Had op'd her fhears, to flit his vital thread ; 
And who may hope gainfay her ftern beheft ? 
Then thrice he wav'd the hand, thrice bow'd the head. 
And figh'd his foul to reft. 

Then wept the Nymphs; witnefs, ye waving Ihades! 
Witnefs, ye winding ftreams ! the Nymphs did weep ; 
The heavenly Goddefs too with tears did fteep 
Her plaintive voice, that echo'd through the glades j 
And, " cruel gods," and " cruel ftars," (he cryM : 
Nor did the fliepherds, through the \yoodlands wide. 


On that fad day, or to the pcnfivc brook. 

Or ftagnant river, drive their thirfly flocks ; 

Nor did the wild-goat brouze the fteepy rocks ; 

And Philomel her cuftom'd oak forfook; 

And rofes wan were wav*d by zephyrs weak^ 

As Nature's felf was fick ; 

And every lilly droop'd its velvet head ; 

And groan'd each faded lawn, and leaflefs grove 5 

Sad fympathy ! yet fure his rightful meed. 

Who charm'd all nature : well might Nature mourn 

Through all her fweets -, and flowV, and lawn, and Ihade, 

All vocal^grown, all weep MuSiEus dead. 

Here end we, Goddefs : this your fhepherd fang. 
All a$ his hands an ivy chaplet wove. 
O ! make it worthy of the facred bard. 
And make it equal to the Ihcpherd's love. 
Nor thou, MuSiEus, from thine car difcard. 
For well I ween thou hear'ft my doleful fong ; 
Whether 'mid angel troops, the ftars among. 
From golden harps thou call'll feraphic lays 5 
Or, anxious for thy deareft Virtue's fare. 
Thou ftill art hov'ring o'er her tunelefs fphere, 
/jid mov'ft fomc hidden fpring her weal to raife. 

Z 3 Thus 


'f hus the 6>ffd fwain on doric oatc .ejQTfy'd, 
Manhood'^ pripie honours downing on l^s cheek ; 
Trembling he ib'ove to court the tmiefu) maid 
With ftripling af]ts, and (dalliance ^ too vcak ^ 
Unfeen, unheard, beneath an hawU)orn |ha4c» 
But now dun clouds the we^n 'gan to &xc^^i | 
And now down-dropt the larks, and cea^M their ftraii 
They ceas'd^ and with them ceas'd thp (hfphcf^ fwai 

A 1 










O N 


Occafibiitd by the Death of Mr. POPE. 


Dr, W A R B U R T O N. 



O while along tbejlream of Time tby Name 
Expanded flies^ and gathers all its fame -^ 
Say J Jhall nrf little barque attendant failj 
Purfue the tritmpbj and partake the gale ? 

^S "" ^9 ^9 Cv <fn ^5 9s ^S ^p OP ^9 ^9 C9 ^9 ^f '^v ^9 "" ^3 ^9 ^9 ^9 ^9 b9 




OF the end and efficacy of Satire. Tbe lave of glory 
and fear cfjbame univerfal^ v. 29. This paffion im" 
planted in man es afpur to virtue^ is generally perveried^ v. 
4 1 • And thus becomes tbeoccajion of the greateftf allies^ viees^ 
and miferies^ v. 6 1 . It is the work of Satire to roBify this 
pajjion^ to reduce it to its proper channel^ and to convert it 
into an incentive to wifdom and virtue^ v. 89. Hence itap^ 
pears that Satire may influence tbofe who defy all Ifnvs bu^ 
man and divine^ v. ^^. An objeSion anfwered^ v« 131. , 

Rules for the conduft of Satire. Juftice anJfnab its^ 
chief and ejfential property^ v. 169. Prudenck in tbe appli- 
cation of wit and ridicule^ wbofe province isj not to explore 
unknown^ but to enforce known trutbsj v. 191. Proper 
fuhjetls of Satire are tbe manners ofprefent timesj v. 239. 
Decency of expreffton recommended^ v. 255. ^be different 
methods in which folly and vice ought to be chajiifedy v. 269. 
The variety ofjlile and manner <vhich tbefe two fuhjeSs re- 
qUire, v. 277. The praife of virtue may be admitted with 
propriety y v. 315. Caution with regard to panegyric^ 
V. 3 19, The dignity cf true Satire, v. 33 1. 


The hiftory of Satire. Roman Satirifls, Lucilius, Ho- 
race, Perfius, Juvenal, v. 347. fcfr. Caufes of tbe decay of 
literature^ particularly of Satire, v. 379. Revival ofSz - 
tire, V. 391. Erafmus one of its principal rejiorersj v. 395, 
Donne, v. 40 1 . The ahufe of Satire in England^ during the 
licentious reign ^/Charles II. v. 405. Drydcn, v. 419, 
The true ends of Satire purfued by Boileau in France, 
V. 429 J and by Mr. Pope in England, v. 435. 



P A R T L 

IT^ATE gavetheword} the cruel arrow Iped » 
^ And Pope lies numbered with tlu: mighqr dead I 
Refign'd he fell j fupcrior to the dart. 
That quench'd its rage in Yours and Britain's heart ; 



You mourn: but Britain, luU'd in reft profoundy 5 

(Unconfcious Britain !) flumbers o'er her wound. 

Exulting Dulncfs cy*d the fetting light. 

And flapped her wuig, impatient for the night : 

Rous'd at the fignal. Guilt collects her train. 

And counts the triumphs of her growing reign : 10 

With inextinguifliable rage they bum. 

And fnake-hung Envy hiflcs o'er his um : 

Th* envenom'd monfters fpit their deadly fosuai 

To blaft the laurel that furrounds his tomb. 

But You, O Warburton ! whofe eye refined iS 
Can fee the greatnefs of an honeft mind 5 
Can fee. each virtue and each grace unite. 
And tafte the raptures of zfure delight; 
You vifit oft' his aweful page with care. 
And view that bright aflcmblage trcafur'd there ; 20 
You trace the chain that links his deep defign, 

m t 

And pour new luftre on the glowing line. 
Yet deign to hear the efforts of a Mufe, 
Whofe eye, not wing, his ardent flight purfues ; 
Intent from this great archetype to draw %§ 

Satire's bright form, and fix her equal law; 
Pleas'd if from hence th' unlcarn'd may comprehcm}. 
And reverence His and Satire's gcntnms endt 



In every breaflt there burns an a£bive flamc^ 

The love of glory, or the dread of fliarpe : j6 

The paflion One, though various it appear. 

As brightened into hope, or dimip'd by f^ar, 

, The lifping infant, and the hoary fire. 

And youth and manhood feel the heart-born fire ; 

The charms of praiie the coy, the modeft wooet 35 

And only fly, that glory may purfue : 

She, pow'r refiftlels, rules the wife and great ; 

Bends ev'n reluftant hermits at her feet : 

Haunts the proud city, ^fxd the lowly (hade. 

And fways alike the fcepter and the fpade. 40 

Thus heaven in pity wakes the friendly flame. 

To urge mankind on deeds that merit fame : 

But man, vain man, in folly only wife, 

Rejefbs the manna fent him from the Ikies : 

With rapture hears corrupted pafllon's call, 45 

Still proudly prone to mingle with the ftall. 

As ea,ch deceitful fbadow tempts his view. 

He for the imag'd fubftance quits the true : 

Eager to catch the vifionary prize. 

In queft of glory plunges deep in vice ; go 

'Till n^adly zealous, impotently vain, 

He forfeits every praife he pants to gaji^. 


( 3^4 ) 

• « 

Thus ffiU imperious Nature pKes her part; 
'And ftill her didates work in every heart. 
Each poVr that fov*rcign Nature bids enjoy, 55 

Man may corrupt, but man can ne'er deftroy. . 
Like mighty rivers, with reliftlefs force 
The paflions rage, obftru6ted in their courle % 
SweU to new heights, forbidden paths explore. 
And drown thofe virtues which they fed before. 60 

And (ure, the deadlieft foe to virtue's flame. 
Our worft of evils, is perverted Jbame. 
Beneath this load what abjeA numbers groan, 
Th* entangled flaves to folly not their own ! 
Meanly by fafhionable fear opprefs'd, 6$ 

We feek our virtues in each other's breaft ; 
Blind to ourfclves, adopt each foreign vice, 
Another's weaknefs, intereft, or caprice. 
Each fool to low ambition, poorly great. 
That pines in fplendid wretchednefe of ftate, 70 

Tir'd in the treach'rous chafe, would nobly yield, 
And but for fhame, like Sylla, quit the field : 
The dsemon Sbame paints ftrong the ridicule. 
And whifpers clofe " ibe world will call you fool. 

Behold, yon wretch, by impious fafhion driven, 75 
Believes and trembles while he fcoflfs at heav'n. 


< 3^5 ) 

By weaknefs ftrong, and bold through fear alone. 
He dreads the fneer by (hallow coxcombs thrown ; 
Dauntlefe purfucs the path Spinoza trod ; 
To man a coward^ and a brave to God *• So 

Faith, Juftice, heav'n itfelf now quit their hoId> 
When to falfe fame the captiv'd heart is fold : 
Hence blind to truth, relentlefs Cato dy'd : 
Nought could fubdue his virtue, but his pride. 
Hence chafte Lucretia^s innocence betray'd 85 

Fell by that honour which was meant its aid. 
Thus Virtue finks beneath unnumber'd woes. 
When paffions born her friends, revolt, her foes. 

Hence Satire's pow'r : 'tis her correlative part 
To calm th? wild diforders of the heart. ^ 

She points the arduous height where glory lies. 
And teaches mad ambition to be wile : 
In the dark bofom wakes the fair defire. 
Draws good from ill, a brighter flame from fire ; 
Strips black Opprefllon of her gay difguife, 95 

And bids the hag in native horror rife , 

' Vois tu cc libertin en public intrepide. 
Qui preche contre un Dieu que dans Ton Ame il croit ? 
II iroit embraffer la verite qu'il voit; 
Mais de fes faux amis il craint U raillerie, 
£t ne brave ainfi Dieu que par poltronnerie. 

Boilbav, Ep. 3* 


( 366 ) 

Strike tbw'niig pride and hwk& rapine desH}^ 
And plants- die wreath on' Tntue'S' aiwefut Head; 
Nor boafts the Mufe a v^n imaginM pow^r. 
Though oft ihe mourn chofe iUs ihe cannot core, fofji 
The wordtf court her^ and^ die wofthlefs fear v 
Who fhun her piercing eye, thai! eye revere* 
Her aweful voice the vdn and vile obcyv 
And every foe tx> wifdom feels her fway. 
Smarts, pedants, ag fhe fmiles, no more aievtuns 105 
Defponding fops refign the cldttded caHt: 
Hufh'd at her voice, pert Folly's felf isftill, 
And Dulnefs wonders while fhe drops her quill* 
* Like the arm*d Bee, with art moft fubtly true 
From poisonous 'Vice fhe draws a healing dew : OTO 
Weak are the ties that civil arts can find, 
To quell the ferment of the tainted mind : 
Cunning evades, fecurely witipt in wiles ; 
And Force fbong-fincw'd rends th* unequaltoils : 
The fbream of vice impetuous drives along, Ii^ 

Too deep for policy, for pow*r too ftrong; 

* Alluding to thefc lines of Mr. Pope; 

In the nice bee wkat art fo fubtly trae. 
Prom pois'nous herl>d extradU a healing de^; 


4. Ev'n 

( 367 ) 

Ev'n fair Religion, native of the Ikies^ 
Scorn'dbjr the crowds fe«k& refuge witBt the wife^ 
The crowd with. laughJDer fpnarns hex awefuL tratn^ 
And Mbrqr courts, and Juftice frowns iaraku 120 
1^ Satire's (haft can pierce the hacden'd bxieaft n 
She plofi^ a fuling paflion on the reft : 
Undaunted mounts the hziiscf of his pride^. 
And awes the Brave^ that earth and hear'n: defy'^. 
When feU Cormiption, by her Ta0als ccowa'd^ Hj^ 
l^erides fall'n Juftice profbate one the ground.} 
SyfiSb to redrelk an injured* people's gooan^ . 


Bold^ Satirb fhakes. the tyrant oa hec throne:;: 

Pow'rful a3 deaths defies the fordid. traifi» 

And flaves and fycophants furround ia vaiiu 136 

But with the friends of Vicae^. the foest of SxTiR^t 
Alltrath is fpleen ; all juft reproof, ilUnatura 

Well may they dread the Mufe-Si fatal fkill; 
Well may they tremble when flie draw»^her»quzU»: 
Her magic quills that like It^urij^l's fpear j^ 

Reveals ttie cloven hoo^, or lengthen^ ear-:. 
Bids Vice and. Folly take their natural fliapes. 
Turns duchefles to ftrumpets, beaux to apes ; 
Drags the vile whifperer from his dark abode^ 
'Till all.the dspmon ftarts up from the toad 140 

O fordid 


Striken tow'ring pride and lawfefi rapine dcftd*. 
And plants^ che wreath on Tntue'S' awefut ttead« 
Nor boafis the Mufe a vain imagined pow^p. 
Though oft ihe mourn thofe ills ftie cannot cure, tod 
The worthy court her, and die woithlefs fear i« 
Who fhun her piercing eye, thai! eye revere. 
Her aweful voice the vain and vile obcf. 
And every foe tx> wifdom feeb her fway. 
Smarts, pedants, ag fhe fmiles, no more aH^ vain; 105 
Defponding fops refign the cloikied caHi: 
Hu(h*d at her voice, pert Folly's felf is ftill. 
And Dulnefs wonders while fhe dtx)ps her quill* 
* Like the arm*d Bbe, with art moft fubtly true 
From poisonous 'Vice fhe draws a healing dew : WO 
Weak are the ties that civil arts can find, 
To quell the ferment of the tainted mind : 
Cunning evades, fecurely wrapt in wiles ; 
And Force flrong-fincw'd rends th* unequal-toils : 
The flream of vice impetuous drives along, Ii^ 

Too deep for policy, for pow*r too ftrong; 

* Alluding to thefe lines of Mr. Pope; 

In the nice bee wktt art fo fubtly true. 
Prom pois'nous herbs extras a healing de^. 

4. Ev'n 

( 3^7 ) 

Ev'n fair Religion, native of the Ikies^ 

Scorn'd bjr the crowds fcdts refuge witit the wife i 

rhe crowd with. kuaghJDer fpnarns her aMKefuL trattr, 

A.nd Mbrqr courts, and Juftice frowns in raku 1 20 

Bm: Satire's fhaft can. pierce the hacden'd bxie^ x 

She plofi^ 2L tuling paflion on the reft : 

Undaunted mounts the bat^rjr of his pride^. 

And awes the Brave^ that earth and hear'n: defy'd;. 

When feU^ Cormipdon, by. her Ta0als ccownfd^. tiiS 

E^arides fallen Juftice profbate one the ground:; 

Syfi6b to Vedreik an injur'd! people's gooan^ 

Bold^ Satirb fhakes. the tyrant oa hec throoer^x - 

Powerful a3 deaths defies the fordid: traifi» 

And flaves and fycophants furround ia vaixu 136 

But with the fiuends of Vioe». the foest of SxTiR^t 
All:trath is fpleen; all juft reproof, ilUnatura 

Well may they dread the Mufe-& fatal: fltill^ 
Well mny thoy tremble when fiie drawSsher.quzUv: 
Her magic quill, that like It^urij^l's fpcar hgg 

Reveals ttie cloven hoof,, or lengthen'rd ear^ 
Bids Vice and Folly take their natural fliapes. 
Turns duchefles to fbumpets, beaux to apes ^ 
Drags the vile whifperer from his dark abodes 
'Till all.the dapmon ftarts up from the toad 140 

O fordid 

( 37^ ) 

Where (hall thy bafenels meet its juft return^ 185 
Or what repay thy guilty but endkfs iconi ! 
And know, immortal truth (hall mock thy toil: 
Immortal truth fliall bid the 0wft tecoil 1 

With rage retorted, wing the deadly dart, 

■ * 

And empty all its poifon in thy heart. 190 

With caution, next, the dang'rous power apply 5 
An eagle's talon afks an eagle's eye : 
Let Satirb then her proper objeA know. 
And ere (he (bike, be fure (he ftrikes a foe» 
Nor fondly deem the real fool confeft, igs 

Becaufe blind RiMcule conceives a jeft : 
Before whofe altar Virtue oft* hath bled. 
And oft' a de(Hn'd viftim (hall be led : 
X-X), ^ Shaftjb^ry rears her high on Reafoa's throne. 
And loads the flave with honours not her own : 200 


* It were to be wiflied that lord Shaftibory had exprefTed him- 
felf with greater precifion on this fabjeft : however, thus moch 
may be affirmed with truth. 

ifty By the general tenor of his efkys on Sntlm/ra/mf and the 

freedom o/'wit and humour^ it appears that his principal defign was 

to recommend the nvay of ridicule , (as he calls it) for the innfeftiga- 

tion of truth, and detedion of faliehood, not only in moral but ry- 

ligious fubjeds. 

2d]yy It appears no lefs evident, that in the courfe of his rea* 
ibnings on this queflion, he confounds two things which are in 
their nature and confequences entirely different. Thefe are r/. 
dicuh and good^bumour : the latter acknowledged bv all to be the 


( S70 . 

I^g-iwolh With foily^ as her finiics provoke^ 
Prophanencfe fpawns, pert dunces hurie the joke! 
Come ]ct us join awhile this tittering crew^ 
And own the ideot guide for ohce is tfut j 


bed mediator in every debate ; the former no lefs regarded by 
moil, as an emhr oiler and incendiary. Though he fets out with a 
formal profeflion of proving the efficacy of wit, humour^ and ri» 
dicule, in the invefUgation of truth, yet by ihifting and mixing 
his terms, h£ generally Aides infdnfibly into mere encomiums on 
ffood-breeding, chearfulnefs, urbanity, and free enquiry. This 
indeed keeps fomething like an argument on foot, and amnies'the 
fuperficial reader ; but to a more obfervant eye difcovers a very 
contemptible defed, either of iincerity or penetration. 

The queftion concerning ridicule may be thus not improperly 
ftated, Whether doubtful propofitions of any kind can he deternehud hy 
the application of ridicule? Much mijg^ht be faid on this queftion ; 
but a few words will make the matter clear to an unprerjtt^ 
diced mind. 

The difapprobation or contempt whidi certain objeAs raife in 
the mind of man, is a particular mode of paffion. The objeAk 
of this paffion are apparent falfehood, incongruity, or impropriety 
of fome particular kinds. Thus, the objei£l oi fear is apparent 
danger : the object of anger is apparent injury. But who hath evef 
dreamt of exalting the paflions of fear and anger into zftand^ 
ard or uf of real danger SLnd injury? The deiign muft have bfeeil 
rejeded as abfurd, becaufe it is the work of reafon onfy^ to corre^ 
and &x the pailions on their proper obje&s. The ca(e is parallel t 
apparent or feeming falfehoods, cfr. are the objedts of contempt; 
but it is the work of reafon only^ to determine whether the fuppofti 
falsehood be real or JiSlitious. But it is faid, ** *T\itfenfe ofridicufi 

*« can never be midaken." ^Why, no more can t\ie fenfe of danger^ 

or ^t fenfe of injury, *• What, do men ntvcrfear or refent with* 

*• out reafon ?" ^Yes, very commonly^ but they as often dejpife 

and laugh without reafon. Thus before any thing can be deteN 
mined in either cafe, reafon, and reafon only, muil examine cif- 
cumflancesy feparate ideas, decide upon, rellniin, and correfb tbe 

A a 2 Hence 

( $70) 

Where (hall thy bafenels meet its juft return^ 185 

Or what repay thy guilty but endkfs fcom ! 

And know, immortal truth (hall mock thy toil : 

Immortal truth fliall bid the 0wft recoil 1 

With rage retorted, wing the deadly dart. 

And empty all its poifon in thy heart, 19a 

With caution, next, the dang'rous power apply j 
An eagle's talon afks an eagle's eye : 
Let Satirb then her proper obje& know. 
And ere (he (bike, be fure fhe (Inkes a foe. 
Nor fondly deem the real fool confeft, igs 

Becaufe blind Ridicule conceives a jeft : 
Before whofe altar Virtue oft* hath bled. 
And oft* a deftin'd viftim (hall be led : 
\jOj ^ Shaftfl/ry rears her high on Reafon*s throne. 
And loads the flave with honours not her own : 200 


* It were to be wiflied that lord Shaftibory had exprefTed him- 
felf with greater precifion on this fabjeft: however, thus much 
may be affirmed with truth. 

ifty By the general tenor of his tilCtLy% on Bmtbufiafm^ and the 

freedom o/ivit and humour, it appears that his principal defign was 

to recommend the nvay of ndiaife, (as he calls it^ for the in^ue/figa- 

tion of truth, and deteclion of falfehood, not only in moral but re* 

ligious fubjeds. 

2d]y, It appears no lefs evident, that in the courfe of his rea- 
ibnings on this queflion, he confounds two things which are in 
their nature and confequences entirely different. Thefe are r/. 
dicul$ and good^bumour : the latter acknowledged by all to be the 


( i70 . 

I^ig-iwolti With felly, as her fmifes provoke^ 
Prophanencfe fpawns, pert dunces hurie the joke! 
Come let us join awhile this tittering crew^ 
And own the ideof guide for ohce is ffue j 


bed mediator in every debate ; the fofirier no lefs regarded by 
moil, as an embr oiler and incendiary. Though he fets out with a 
formal profeflion of* proving the efficacy of wit, hamonr^ and ri» 
dicule, in the invefUgation of truth, yet by ihifting and mixing 
his terms, hd generally Aides infenlibly into mere encomiums on 
ffood-breeding, chearfulnefs, urbanity, and free enquiry. This 
indeed keeps fomething like an argument on foot, and amuies'the 
fuperficial reader ; but to a more obiervant eye difcovers a very 
contemptible defed, either of iincerity or penetration. 

The queftion concerning ridicule may be thus not improperly 
ftated. Whether doubtful propofitions of any kind can he determined by 
the application of ridicule? Much might b^ faid on this queftion ; 
but a few words will make the matter clear to an unprcfjtt^ 
diced mind. 

The difapprobation or contempt whidi certain objeAs raife in 
the mind of man, is a particular mode of paffion. The objeM 
of this paffion are apparent falfehood, incongruity, or impropriety 
of fome particular kinds. Thus, the objei£l cA fear is apparent 
danger : the object of anger is apparent injury. But who hath evet 
dreamt of exalting the paflions of fear and anger into zftand^ 
ard or tef of real danger and injury? The deilgn muft have b^eil 
rejeded as abfurd, becaufe it is the work of reafon onfy^ to correft 
and &x the paffions on their proper objefts. The cafe is parallel s 
apparent or feeming falfehoods, c^r. are the objedts of contempt ; 
but it is the work of reafon only^ to determine whether the fuppofed 
falfehood be real or JiSlitious. But it is faid, " *T\itfenfe ofridicute 

** can never be miftaken." ^Why,no more csintYiC fenfe of danger, 

or the fenfe of injury. *• What, do men never fear or refent with- 

*• out reafon ?" ^Yes, very commonly^ but they as often de^lfi 

and laugh without reafon. Thus before any thing can be deter^ 
mined in either cafe, reafon, and reafon only, muil examine cir"- 
cumflances, feparate ideas, decide upon, reftniin, and^orrefb the 

A a 2 Hence 

( 370 

Deride our weak forefathers' miifly rule, 205 

;Who therefore fmil'd, hecaufe they faw a fool ^ 

Sublimer logic now adorns our ifle. 

We therefore fee a fool, hecaufe we fmile- 

Truth in her gloomy cave why fondly feek ? 

Lo, gay (he fits in Laughter's dimpled cheek : 2 ro 

Hence ii follows, that the way of ridicule^ of late fo mach cc- 
lebratedy is in fadt no more than a fpecies of eloquence ; and that 
too the lofweft of all others : fo Tully juftly calls it, tenuij/imui in- 
genii fruSus. It applies to a paflion, and therefore can go no far- 
rther in the inveftigation of truth, than any of thofe arts, which 
tend to raife love, pity, terror, rage or hatred in the heart of roan. 
Confcquently, his lordftiip might have tranfplanted the wholej/j^ww 
of rhetoric into his new fcheme, with the fame propriety as he hath 
introduced the luay of ridicule itfelf. A hopeful projeA this, for 
the propagation of truth ! 

As this feems to be the real nature of ridicule, it hath been ge- 
nerally difcouraged by pbilo/opbers and divines^ together with every 
other mode of eloquence, when applied to contro*uerted opinions. 
This difcouragement, from what is faid above, appears to have 
been rational and juft : therefore the charge latd againft divines 
with regard to this affair by a zealous admirer of Lord Shaftfbury 
^fee a note on the Plea/ures of Imagination, BookllL) feems entirely 
groundlefs. The diftindion which the fame author hath attempt- 
ed with refpeft to the influence of ridicule, between fpeculati've 
and moral truths, feems no better founded. It is certain that opt- 
nions are no lefs liable to ridicule than affions. And rt is no lefs 
certain,, that the way of ridicule cannot determine the propriety or 
impropriety of the one, more than the truth or falfehood of the 
other ; becaufe the fame paflion of contempt is equally engaged in 
both cafes, and therefore, as above, reafon only can examine the 
circumftances of the a^ion ox opinion, and thus fix the paflion on 
its proper objefts. 

Upon the whole, this new defign of difcovering truth by the 
'vagut and unjleady light' of ridicule^ puts one in mind of the honcfl 
Irijhman, who applyM his candU to ihcfun-dial in order to fee ho-jo 
the night tutnt. 


( 373 ) 

Contemns each furly academic foe, 

And courts the fprucc free-thinker and the beau. 

D^dalian arguments but few can trace. 

But all can read the language of grimace. 

Hence mighty Ridicule's all-conqu'ring hand 215 

Shall work Herculean wonders through the land : 

Bound in the magic of her cobweb chain. 

You, mighty Warburton, fliall rage in vain. 

In vain the tracklefs maze of Truth You fcan, 

And lend th* informing clue to erring man : 220 

No more fhall Reafon boaft her powV divine. 

Her bafe eternal (hook by Folly's mine ! 

Truth's facred fort th* exploded laugh Ihall win ; 

And coxcombs vanquifh Berkley by a grin. 

But you, more fage, rejeft th* inverted rule, 225 
That Truth is e'er explor'd by Ridicule ; 
On truth, on falfehood let her colours fall. 
She throws a dazzling glare alike on all ; 
As the gay prifm but mocks the flatter'd eye. 
And gives to every objeft every dye. 23a 

Beware the mad advent'rer : bold and blind 
She hoifts her fail, and drives with every wind 1 
Deaf as the ftorm to finking Virtue's groan. 
Nor heeds a friend's deftruftion, or her own. 

A a 3 Let 


ckar-tfjr'd^eafon $t thf helm prefi(k» 4 J5 

Bear to xhfi wind^ or ft<sm the furious tide % 
Then mirth may urge, when rcafon cw explore^ 
This point the way, fbaf waft us glad to (here. 

ThougJ} diftanc UQ^es ipay rffe in Sati&^'s page» ^ 
Yet chief *tis hcr's to 4mw the frefent age : 240 

With Wifdom's luftrc, folly's (hade coQtraft, 
And judgfi the xeigning manners by the pad : 
Bid J?r//^ys heroes (awefiil Ihades !) arife. 
And ancient honour beam on modern Tice : 
Point bacl^ tto mind^ ingen^us, a&ions fair, 245 

^ill the fons blulh ftt what their fathers yi^ere ; 
Ere yet *twas beggary the great to truft ; 
Ere yet *twas quite a folly to be juft ; 
When lovhhrn ^harpers only dar'd a lye. 
Or falfify'd the card, or cogg'd the dye : ^50 

Ere lewdnefs the ftain'd garb of honour lyore. 
Or chaftity was carted for the whore ; 
Vice fluttered, in the. plumes of freedom drefsM ; 
Or public fpitit .was the public jeft. 

Be ever in a juft expreflion bold, 2^^ 

Yet ne'er degrade fair Satire to a fcold 2 
J^et nO unworthy mien her form debafe, 
5vt let hcr^ffpile, and let her frown with grace : 


( 375 ) 

5n mirth be temperate, template in her* fpleeni 

Nor while (he preaches modcfty, obfcenc. £60 

Deep let her wound, not rankle to a fore. 

Nor call his lordfhip ^ her grace a -~— : 

The Mufc's charms refiftlefs then.affail. 

When wrapt in irony^s tranfparent veil : 

Her beauties half-conceal*d the more furpri^c, 2€g 

And keener luftrc fparkles in her eyes. 

Then be your line with fharp encomiums grac'd : 

Stile Clodius honourable, Bufa chafte. 

Dart not on Folly an indignant eye : 
Who c*er difcharg'd artillery on a fly ? tj% 

Deride not Vice : abfurd the 'thought and vain. 
To bind the tyger in fo weak a chain. 


Nay more : when flagrant crimes your laughter moy<. 
The knave exults : to fmile is to approve. 
The Mufc's labour then fucceis fliall crown, 17^ 

^hen Folly feels her finilc, and Vice her frown. 

Know next what meafures to each theme belong. 
And fuit your thoughts and numbers to your fong : 
On wing proportioned to your quarry rife. 
And (loop to earth, or foar among the ikies. 280 

Thus when a modilh folly you rehearie. 
Free the expreflion, fimple be the verfe. 

.A a 4 In 



fn artlefs numbers paint th' anfibidous peer 

That mounts the box^ aii^ fhines a charioteer : 

In ftraiiR familiar fmg the midnight toil 285 

Of camps and fenates difciplin*d by Hcyk. 

Patriots and chiefs whofe'deep defign invades. 

And carries off the captive lung of — fpades! 

Let Satxji.e here in milder vigour ihine. 

And gayly gracefiil fport along the line \ 290 

Bi4 courtly Faibion quit her thin pretence^ 

And tavlt each affedation into lenfe. 

Not fo when Virtue by her guards bctray'd, 
Spurn'd from her throne, implores the Mufe's aid ; 
When cripiesy which erft in kindred darkneis lay, 295 
Rife frontlefs, and infult the eye of day % 
Indignant Hymen veils his hallow'd fires. 
And white-rob'd Chaftity with tears retires i 
When rank Adultery on the genial bed 
Hot from Cocytus rears her baleful head \ 300 

Wh^n private faith tod public truit are fold. 
And traitors barter liberty for gold \ 
When fell Corruption dark and deep, like Fate, 
Sftp^ the foundation of a finking ftate \ 
When giant- vice and irrcligion rife, 305 

On mountain'd faifeboods to invade the (kies ^ 


( 377 ) 

^hen warmer midibefs glow througlr Satire's page^ 

And all her fmiles aire darken'd^ into rage : 

pa eagle-wing flie gains ParkaJJuf height. 

Not lofty Epic foars a nobler flight : 310 

Then keener indignation fifes her eye ; 

Then flafh her light'nings, and her thunders fly ; 

Wide and more wide her flaming bolts arc hurl'd, 


'Till all her wrath* involves the guilty world. * 

Yet Satire of? afiumes a gentler mien, ^ij 

« •• 
And beams on Virtue's friends a look ferenc : 

She wounds reluftant, pours her balm with jojr. 

Glad to commend where merit ftrikes her eye. 

But tread with cautious fliep this dangerous ground, 

Bcfet with faithlefs precipices round : 320 

Truth be your guide : difdain Ambition's call \ 

And if you fall with truth, you greatly faU. 

'Tis Virtue's native luftrt that muft^/»^ : 

The poet can but fet it i^ his line : 

And who unmov'd with laughter can behold 32^ 

A fordid pebble meanly grac'd with gold ? 

Let real merit then adorn your lays. 

For fliame attends on proilituted pnufe : 

And all your wit, your moft diftinguifli'd art 

But makes us grieve, you want an honeft heart. 330 


( 378 ) 

Nor think the Mufe by Sati&i's kw confin'd : 
She yields defcription cxf the noblefi: kind, 
inferior art the landikip may de^n^ 
And paint the purple evening in the line : 
Jrkv daring thought ei&fs a higher plan ; ^35 

Her hand delineates paffion, piftures man. 
And great the toil^ the latent foul to trace. 
To paint the heart, and catch internal grace ^ 
By turns bid vice or virtue ftrike our eyts^ 
Now bid a ff^olfey or a Cromwell rife ; 34a 

Now with a touch more facred and refined. 
Call forth a CHESTERFiEto's or Lonsdale's mind. 
Here fweet or ftrong may every colour flow. 
Here let the pencil warm, the canvafs glow : 
Of light and (hade provoke the noble ftrife, 345 

And wake each ftriking feature into life. 


^TpHRO* ages thus hath Satire keenly fhm'd, 

•*' The friend to truth, to virtue, and mankind : 
Yet the bright flame from virtue ne'er had fprung. 
And man was guilty ere the poet fung. 350 


( 379 ) 

This Mufe in fiience jafd each better agc« 
*XiiI glowing crimes had wak*d her into rage. 
Truth faw her honeft fpleen with new delight. 
And bade her wing her (hafts, and urge their flight 
Firfl: on the fpws of Grei^ce flie prov'd her art, 355 
And Sparta felt the fierce Iambic dart ^. 
To Latium next avenging Satjrb flew : 
The flaming faulchion rough Luciljus * drew ; 
With dauntlels warmth in Virtue's cauie engag'd^ 
And confcious villains trembled as he rag'd, 360 

Then fportivc Horac* ' caught the generous fire 
For Satire's bow refign'd the founding lyre : 
Each arrow poli(h*ci in his hand was ieen. 
And as it grew m(M:c poliih'd, grew more keen. 
His art, conceaPd in Ihidy'd negligence, 3^5 

Politely fly, cajol'd the foes of fenfe : 
He fccm'd to fport and trifle with the dart. 
But while he fported, droye it to the heart 

i Archilocum proprio rabies armavit lambo. Hoa* 

f Enfe velut ftri^o quoties Ludlius ardens 

Infremnity rubet auditor cui frigida mens eft ;. 

Criminibus, tacita fudant pnccordia culpa. Jvv. S^ i. 

^ Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccas amico 

Tangity & admiflas ciicum prscordia Indit* 

Callidas cxcuiTo populom fafpendere nafQ. Pcrs. S. I. 


( 38o ) 

In graver ftraiiB majeftic Persius wrote. 
Big with a iipc exuberance of thought : 370 

Greatly feddte, contemn'd a tyrant's reign. 
And lafhM corruption with a calm difdain. 

More ardent ek>quence, and boundlefs rage 
Inflame bold Juvenal's exalted page. 
His mighty numbers aw'd corrupted /f^w^, ^yg 

And fwept audacious greatneft to its doom ; 
The headlong torrent thundering from on high. 
Rent the ptioud rock that lately brav'd the flqr. 

But lo ! the fatal vi£tor of mankind ! 
Swoln Luxury ! — Pale Ruin ftalks behind ! 380 

As countlefs infefts from the north-eaft pour. 
To blaft the fpring, and ravage every flow'r : 
So barb'rous millions fpread contagious death : 
The fick'ning laurel withered at their breath. 
Deep fuperftition's night the fkies o'erhung, 385 

Beneath whofe baleful dews the poppy fprung. 
No longer Genius woo'd the Nine to love. 
But Dulnefs nodded in the Mufes' grove : 
Wit, fpirit, freedom, were the fole offence. 
Nor aught was held fo dangerous as fenfe. 390 

At length, again fair Science ihot her ray, 
Dawn'd in the ikies, and fpoke returning day. 


( 3«0 

Now, Satire, triumph o'er thy flying foe. 
Now load thy quiver, ftring thy flacken'd bow f 

'Tis done -See, great £r asm us breaks the fpell, sgs 
And wounds triumphant Folly in her cell ! 
(In vain the folemn cowl furrounds her face. 
Vain all her bigot cant, her four grimace) 
yiith ihame compelled her leaden throne to quit. 
And own the force of reafon urg'd by wit. 400 

'Twas then plain Donnx in honeft vengeance rofe,^ 
His wit reflilgent, though his rhyme was profe: : 
He 'midit an age of puns and pedants wrote 
With genuine fenie, and Roman ifarength of thought 

Yet fcarce had Satire well relum'd her flame, 405 
(With grief the Mufe records her country's fliame) 
Ere Britain faw the foul revolt conunence. 
And treacherous Wit began her war with Senie. 
Then 'rofe a fliamclefs^ mercenary train, : 

Whom lateft time fliall view with jufl: difdain : 410 
A race fantaftic, in whofe gaudy line 
Untutor'd thought, and tinfcl beauty ftiine ; 
Wit's fliatter'd mirror lies in fragments bright, 
Reflefts not nature, but confounds the fight. 
Dry morals the court-poet blufh'd to fing : 415 

*Twas all his praife to fay " the oddeft tbing!'^ 


( i^i > 

Proud for a Jeft ebfccM, a patron^s nody 
To nJartfF Virtue^ or Hafyhsmt his God. 

Ill-faced Dryosh ( who vnmov'd carr fee 
Th* extremes of wit and meannefi joirfd in thee ! 4i6 
Flames thdt could moiam, and gain their kindred Ikiesi 
Low crccpiiTg in the putrid firfc rf vice : 
A Mufe whom Wifdom wooM, but woo'd- in v»n^ 
The pimp of powV, the proftitute to gain : 
Wreaths, that fliould deck fair Virtue's formaione, 425 
To ftrumpets, traitors, tyrants, vilely thrown : 
Unrival*d parts, the fcorn of honeft fame ; 
And genius rife, a monument of fhame ? 

More happy France: immortal Boileau there 
Supported genius with a fage's care : 430 

Him with her love propitious Satire bleft. 
And breath'd her airs divine into his breaft : 
Fancy and fcnfe to form his line conlpire. 
And faultlefs judgment guides the pureft fire. 

But fee, at length, the Britijh Genius fmile, 435 
And Ihow'r her bounties o'er her favoured ifle : 
Behold for Pope fhe twines the laurel crown. 
And centers every poet's pow'r in one : 
Each Romanes force adorns his various page ; 
Gay fmiles, coUefted ftrength, and manly rage. 440 

4 Defpairi 

( ih ) 

X^efp^ring Guilt and Dulnefs bath the Rght^ 
As fpe6bres vamih at approaching light : 
In this clear mirror with delight wc view 
Each image juftly fine, and bcJdIy true : 
Here Vice, dragM forth l^ Truth's fupreme decree, 445 
Beholds and hates her own deformity : 
While felf-feen Virtue in the ^hful line 
With modeft joy furvcys her form divine- 
But oh ! what thoughts, what numbers fliaO 1 find, 
But faintly to exprefe the poet's mind ? 450 

Who yonder fibres effulgence can d^by, 
Unlefs he dip his pencil ki the ray ? 
Who paint a god, unk fs the god infpire ? 
What catch the lightening, but the %eed of fkt? 
So, mighty Pope, to ma^e thy genius known, 455 
AU pow'r is weak, aU numbers-— but diy owot 
Each Mule for thee with kind conlSRtion^ flreve. 
For thee the Graces left th* Id-alian grove : 
With watchful fondnefs oter thy cradle hung^, . 
Attun'd thy voice, and form*d thy infant tongue: 460 
Next, to- her bard majeftic Wifiiom came j 
The bard cnrapturM caught the heavenly flame: 
With tafte fuperior fcom*d the venal tribe. 
Whom fear can- fway, or guilty greatneis bribe; 



At fancy's call who rear the wanton fail, 46^ 

Sport with the ftream, and trifle in the gale : 

Sublimer views thy daring fpirit bound ; 

Thy mighty voyage was creation's round ; 

Intent new worlds of wifdom to exploits, • 

And bicfs mankind with Virtue^s facred ftore ; 47a 

A nobler joy than wit can give, impart ; 

And pour a moral tranfport o*er the hearty 

Fantaftic wit ihoots momentary fires. 

And like a meteor, while we gaze, expires : 

Wit kindled by the fulph'rous breath of Vice, 475 

Like the blue lightening, while it fliines, deftroys ; 

But genius, fir'd by Truth's eternal ray. 

Bums clear and conftant, like the fource of day : 

Like this, its beam prolific and refined 

Feeds, warms, infpirits, and exalts the mind ; 480 

Mildly difpels each wint'ry pallion's gloom. 

And opens all the virtues into bloom. 

This praife, immortal Pope, to thee be giv'n : 

Thy genius was indeed a gift from heav*n. 

Hail, bard unequalled, in whofe dcathlefs line 485 

Reafon and wit with ftrength collefted fhine : 

Where matchlefs wit but wins the fecond praife. 

Loft, nobly loft, in Truth's fupcrior blaze. 


bid Friendship e*er miQcad thy wahd- ring Mufe ? 

That friendfhip furc may plead the great excufc, 49Q 

That facred friendfhip which infpir'd thy fbng. 

Fair in defedb, and amiably wrong; 

Error like this ev'n truth can fcarce reprove ; 

*ris almofl virtue when it flows from love. 

Ye deathlefs names, ye fons of endlefs praife, 495 
]fty Virtue cr6wn*d with never-fading bays ! 
Say, fhall an artlefs Mufe, if you inlpire, 
Light her pale lamp at your immortal fire ?^ 
Or if, O Warburtow, infpir'd by You, 
The daring Mufe a nobler path purfue^ 500 

By You infpir'd, on trembling pinion foar. 
The facred founts of focial blifs explore, 
In her bold numbers chain the tyrant's rage, 
And bid her countrfs glory fire her page : 
If fuch her fate, do thou> fsur 31r«/*, defcend, 505 
And watchful guard her in an honeft end : 
Kindly fevere, inflruft her equal line 
To court no friend, nor own a foe but tbim. 
But if her giddy eye fhould vainly quit 
Thy facred paths, to run the maze of wit; 51Q 

If her apoftate heart fhould e'er incline 
To offer incenfc at Corruption s fhrinci 

.Vol. IIL B b Urge^ 


Urge^ iirge thy powV, th^ black attempt confound. 
And dafli the fmo^ktng cenller to die groond. 
Thus aw'd to fear, inftrudted bards may fee, 515 
That guilt is doom'd to fink in infamy. 

A Charadcr of Mr. P O P E*s Writings:. 


An Epifode from the Poem call'd Sickness^ Book 11^ 
By the Rev. Mr. THOMPSON. 

-In meafur'd time 

(So heav'n has wiU'd) together with their fhowSy 

The everlafting hiUs fliall melt away : 

This folid globe diilblve, as du6tile wax 

Before the breath of Vulcan ; like a fcroU 

Shrivel th* unfolded curtains of the Iky ; 

Thy planets, Newtok, tumble from their fphcres ; 

The moon be perifh*d from her bloody orb j 

The fun himfelf, in liquid ruin, rufh 

And deluge v/ith deftroyingflames the globe — 

Peace then, my foul, nor grieve that Pope is dead. 


( 38; ) 

If e'er the tu;icful fpirit^ fwecdy ftrong^ 
Spontaneous ^>umbcrs, te?n>ing in my brcajp^ 
Enkindle ; O, at (hat es^al^iog name^ 
Be favojjwblcj be propitious^ now. 
While, in the gratitude of praifc, I fing 
The works a^ w.0A4ers of this man divine. 

I tremble while I \yrite — His lifping Mufc 
Surmounts the loftleft efforts of my age. 
What wonder ? when an infant, he apply'd 
The loud * Papini^ tninipet to his Hps» 
Fir'd by a facred fury, aod infpir'd 
With all the god, in founding numbers fung 
*' Fraternal rage, and guilty Thebes* alarms.** 

Sure at his birth (things i^o^ un]^own of old) 
The Graces rQ^nd his cr^c^^ wove the dance, 
«And led the maze of harmony : the Ninje 
Prophetic of his future honours, pour*d 
Plenteous, upon his lips, Caftalian dews ^ 
And Attic bees their golden ftore diftill'd. 
The foul of HoM£]i, Aiding from its ftar. 
Where, iadiant, over the poetic ^orld 
It rules and flieds its influence, for joy 
Shouted, and blefs*d the birth: the facred choir 

• Tranflation of the Firft Book of Statius's Thcbais. 

B b 2 . - Of 

Of poets, bom in cider, better times, 

Enraptur'd, catch'd the elevating found. 

And roll'd the gladd'ning news from fphere to (pbere« 

* Imperial Windfor ! raife thy brow auguft. 
Superbly gay exalt thy tow'ry head ; 
And bid thy forefts dance, and nodding, wave 
A verdant teftimony of thy joy : 
A native Orpheus warbling in thy ftiadcs. 

O liften to * Alexis* tender plaint ! 
How gently rural ! without coarfenefs pfain ; . 
How fimple in his elegance of grief ! 
A fhepherd, but no clown. His every lay 
Sweet as the early pipe along the dale. 
When hawthorns bud, or on the thymy brow 
When all the mountains bleat, and vallies fing* 
Soft as the nightingale's harmonious woe. 
In dewy even-tide, when cowflips drop 
Their fleepy heads, and languifli in the breeze. 

** Next in the critic-chair furvey him thron*d, 
Imperial in his art, prefcribing laws 
Clear from the knitted brow, and fquinted fneer > 

^ Windfor Foreft : Mr. Pope bora there. 

c Paftorals. 

i EfTay on Criticifxn. 


( 389 ) 


l>af tfd without pedantry 5 corrcdly bold. 
And regularly eafy. Gende, now. 
As rifing incenfe, or defcending dews. 
The variegated echo of his theme : 
Now, animated flame commands the foul 
To glow with facred wonder. Pointed wit 
And keen difcemment form the certam page. 
Jufl, as the Stagyrite 5 as Horace, free 5 

. As Fabian, clear; and as Petronius, gay. 

• But whence thoife peals of laughter fhake the fides 
Of decent mirth ? Am I in Fairy-land ? 
Young, evanefcent forms, before my eyes. 
Or fkim, or feem to fkim ; thin efiences 
Of fluid light; zilphs, zilphids, elves, and gnomes; 
Genii of Roficruce, and ladies* gods ! — 
And, lo, in fhining trails Belinda's hair, 
Befpangling with difhevell'd beams the fkies. 
Flames o*er the night. Behmd, a fatyr grins, 

. And, jocund, holds a glafs, refleding, fair. 
Hoops, crofTes, mattadores ; beaux, fhocks, and belles^ 
Promifcuoufly whimfical and gay. 
Tassoni, hiding his diminifh'd head, 

• Rape of the Lock. 

B b 3 Droops 

( 39«^ ) 

Droops o*er thk Mghihg rpatgc : whBefion.'tXv 'fMdics^ 
yfith bluflics cover*d, tow benes^li the dcfk. 

More ^ mournful icehes -nxvite. The mtBcy vein 
Of amorous grief devolves its placid ivavfe 
Soft-ftreaming Vcr the ibol, m weep!r% Siroc 
And tendernefs'oftu^iBih. While we rfcaft 
Th* infe6bioti8 page, we -ficken into iovr^ 
And languifh with invdiihtary fires. 
The Zephyr^ ypanting on thb-filken buds 
Of birthing violets ; the virgin's figh, 
flofy with youth, are turbdleht and'rude. 
To Sappho's plaint, and Ei:oisa*s moan. 

Heav'ns ! what a flood of empy^l day 
My aking eyes involves ! A ' temple foars^ 
Rifing like exhalations on a 'fnbiint9 
And wide its adamantine valVcs expands. 
Three monumental columns, bright in air^ 
Of figur'd gold, the center of the squire 
With luftre fill. Pope on the midmbft lhihc$ 
Betwixt his HoWEH and his Horace plac'd, 
Superior, by the hand of Jufticte. Fame, 
With all her mouths, tV eternal trumpet fwelis, 

' Ovid's Sappho to Phaok : And Eloj« to Abelard» 
• Temple of Fam£« 


Exulting at Jiis name; and, grateful^ pour$ 
The lofty notes of never-dying praHe, 
Triumphant, floating on the wings of windt 
Sweet o'er the worid : th' amhrolial ^rit flies 
Difiufive, in its progrefs widening ftill, 
'•^ Dear to the earth, and grateful to the flcy." 
Fame owes him more than e'er Ihe can repay : 
She owes her very temple to his hands ; 
Like ilium built ; by hands no lefs divine ! 

Attention, louze thyfelf ! the mailer's hand^ 
(The mafler of our fouls ! ) has changM the key. 
And bids the thunder of the battle roar 
Tumultuous ^. Homer, Homo, is our own! 
And Grecian heroes flame in Britifli lines. 
What pomp of words ! what namelefs energy 
Kindles the verfc ; im^igours every line ; 
Afloniihes, and overwhelms the foul 
In tranfports tofs'd ! when fierce Achillas raves. 
And flafhes, like a comet, o'er the field. 
To wither armies with his martial frown. 
I fee the battle rage ; I hear the wheels 
Careering with their brazen cwrbs ! The fliout 
Of nations rolls (the labour of the winds) 

•^ Tranflation of Homer. 

B b 4 Full 

( 392 ) 

Full on my car, and fhakes my inmoft faul* 
Ddcription never could fo well deceive : 
rris real ! Troy is here, or I at Trov . 
Enjoy the war. My fpirits, all on fire. 
With unextinguifh'd violence are borne 
Above the world, and mingle with the gods. 
Olympus rings with arms ! the firmament. 
Beneath the light'ning of Minerva's fhield. 
Burns to the center : rock the towVs of heav'a. 
All nature trembles, fave the throne of Jove. 
* To root cxceffes from the human breaft j 
Behold a beauteous pile of Ethics rife ; 
Senfe, the foundation ; harmony, the walls; 
(The Dorique grave, and gay Corinthian join'd) 
Where Socrates and Horace jointly reign, 
Beft of philofophers ! of poets too 
The beft ! he teaches thee thy felf to know : 
That virtue is thenobleft gift of heav'n : 
** And vindicates the ways of God to man," 
O hearken to the moralift polite ! 
Enter his fchool of truth : where Plato's felf 
Might preach ; and Tully deign to lend an ear, 

* Ethic Epiillcs. 


( 393 ) 

^ Laft fee him waging with the fools of rhyme 
A wanton, harmlefs war. Dunce after dunce ; 
BeauXy doAors, templars, courtiers ; Ibphs and citsi 
Condemned to fuffcr life. The motley crew. 
Emerging from oblivion^ muddy pool. 
Give the round face to view ; and (hamelefs front 
Proudly expofe ; 'till laughter have her fill. 

Born to improve the age, and cheat mankind 
Into the road of honour ! — Vice again 
The gilded chariot drives : — For he is dead ! 

I faw the fable barge, along his Thames, 
In flow folemnity beating the tide. 
Convey his facrcd duft ! -^ Its fwans expir'd ; 
Withered, in Twit*nam bow'rs, the laurel-bough j 
Silent, the Mufes broke their idle lyres : 
Th* attendant Graces checked the fprightly dance. 
Their arms unlockM, and catch'd the darting tear : 
And Virtue for her loft defender moum'd ! 

^ Dunciad. 


( 394 ) 
The Ciivie of Popk. A 'I^K)p}le(7, 

ByR D . 

"1117 H£N dtA <oblivi<» in faer £ible ^doak 

ShaiU wmp the luunes of heroes and of Icii^ ; 
And their iiigh deeds fubaiitdng to the flrofae 
Of time Ihall £ill amoiigft forgotten ^bdogs : 


Then (for the Mufe that diftant day can fee) 
On Thames's barfc the ftranger Ihall arrive. 

With curious wifli thy iacred grott to fee:. 
Thy facred grott ihaU widi thy name flirvive« 

Grateful pofterity, 6om lage to age. 
With pious hand 'the ruinifaaH Fcpan* : 


Some good old man, to each enquiring fage 

Pointing the place, Ihall cry, " The Bard liv'd therc^ 


Whofe fong was mufic to the liftening ear. 

Yet taught audacious vice and folly, Ihame : 
Eafy his manners, but his life fevere j 
" His word alone gave infamy or fame. 

4 « Scqucfter'd 

( 395 ) 

f* Scquefter*d from the fool and coxcomb-wi^ 
" Beneath this fUent roof the Mufe he found j 

S* Twas here he flept infpir*d, or fate and writ j 
** Here with his friends the fecial glafs went round,*^ 

^ith awefiil veneration fliall they trace 

The fieps which thou fo long before haft trod ; 

y^ith reverend wonder view the folcmn place. 
From whence thy genius foar*d to nature's God. 

Then, {bme fmall gem, or mofs, or Ihining ore. 
Departing, each Ihall pilfer, in fond hope 

To pleafe their friends on every diftant Ihore, 
Boafting a relic from the Cave of Pot 


■ I 



I ' 

( 397 ) 


INDEX to the Third Volume. 

ON a Grotto near the Thames, at Twickenham Page J 
Hymn on Solitude — ■ ■ ■ ■■ 6 

jln Ode on bolus's harp — — . 9 

On the Report of a IVooden Bridge to he huilt at Weftminfter 1 1 
T/fr^ CAdiVf «/ Hercules. A Poem ■ — • 12 

An Ode to the People of Great Britain, in Imitation of the Sixth 

Ode of the Third Book of Hoxzct — ^ ^ — a6 

Pfychc : or the great Metamorphofis^ a Poem^ written in Imita" 

tion of Spcnfer — ■ ■ 32 

Jovi Eleuthcrio : Or^ an Offering to Liberty • • 53 

An Epijllefrom a Swifs Officer to his Friend at Rome 70 

Life burthenfome^ becaufe we know not how to tfe it, an Epijik 73 
The Duty of employing One^s Self an Epijfli —— 76 

On Scribling again/i GeniuSy an Epijlle ■ — 80 

The Mimic ■ > ■ ■ 84 

An Epijlle from Florence, to T, A, Tutor to the Earl ofP""'^ 


The Beauties^ an Epijlle to Mr. Eckardt, the Painter 104 

Epilogue to Tamerlane, on the Suppreffion of the Rebellion 1 1 1 
Tjje Enthuftajly or the Lover of Nature y a Poem ■ 115 

An Ode to Fancy — ■ ■ 126 

Stanzas written on taking the Air after a long Illneji ■ 133 

The two Beaver Sy a Fable — • — — . 134 

Contentment — . ■ ■ 138 

The Education of Achilles — — — ■ 14O 

An Epijlle from S. J. Efq\ in the Country j to the Right Hon. the 

Lord Lovelace in Town^ written in the Tear IJ3S '4^ 

To a Lady in Town foon after her leaving the Country -^ 154 
To the Right Hon. the Lady Margaret Cavendifh Harley, pre- 

fcnied with a Colle^ion of Poems — ■ 1 59 

Chloe /^ Strephon. A Song — ■ 161 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of Chefterfield, on his being inflalled 

Knight of the Garter — — •— —.162 


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To a Lady^ fent with a Prefent of Shells and Stones defsgtCd for A 

Grotto ■ ■ ■ 163 

To a Ladyj in Anfwer to a Letter wrote in a very fine Hmi 165 

The Art of Dancing, A Poem ■ ■ 168 

Tf)e modern fine Gentleman^ written in the Year 1 746 — 19^ 
The modern fine Lady — — — 197 

An Effay on f^rtue^ to thi Hon^ Philip Yorkc, Efi\ t— 201 
The Female Drum : or the Origin of Cards. A TLale. Aidrefio 

to the Hon. Mifs Carpenter — — 21G 

Xo Mr. Fox, written at Florence. In Imitation of Horacq 

Ode IV. Book 2. — 214 

To the Sanuy from Hampton-Court, 1731 . 21' 

The Poet's Prayer — — — 22J 

An Epiftle to a Lady — — * — — 221 

Genius J Virtue^ and Reputation : A Fable ■ — 23 1 

Alarriqge A-la^Mode^ or the two Sparrows : A Fable 234 

Ai Infcription -— — ■ 238 

Ode to Wijdom — • -r- 239 

To a Gentleman^ on his intending to cut down a Grove to enlarge ' u 

Profpe^l — — — — 244 

The EjUmate of Life ^ a PoeWy in three Parts — 24$ 

The Plcafure of Poetty. An Ode — 259 

The Power of Poetry — — — — 266 

To a young Lady^ with Fontenelle's Plurality ofJVorlds 268 

Song. To Sylvia — — ^— ■ 2/0 

To the Author of the Farmer's Letters — — %^% 

Verfes writteti in a Book called^ Fables for the Female Sex 27J 
Verfes written In Sylvia's Prior — ■■ ibicU 

Upon a Lad/ 5 Embroidery *— — — — 27^ 

Death and the Do^or. Occaficn'd by a Phyficiarfs larnpoorting a 

Friend of the Author — — — — 275 

Infcriptions on a Monument to the Memory of a Ladys favourite 

Bullfinch — — - — 276 

Tl}e Trial of Sclim the Pcrfau, for divers High Crimes and Mi f 

demeanours — — — -— 278 

The Trophy^ being fix Cantatas to the Honour of his Royal High* 

nefe William Duke of Cumberland — — 293 

The Marriage of the Myrtle and the Tezu. A Fable — 304 
OnaBay-leaf pluck' d from Virgil's Tomb^ near Naples, 1736 307 

To Chloe — — 309 

A Song — ^— — — 311 

Fajhion: a Satire -— — — — jj^ 


( 399 > 

Katuri and Fortune. To the Earl of Chefterfield 312 

The Exception — — — 324 

To tie Earl of Che&crfield — -- 325 

Honour. A Poem. Infcribed to the Right Hon. Lord Vifcouni 

Lonfdale — — — — - 326 

Ode to a Heater Nymph — — — — - 3^9 

MuCeus : A Monody to the Memory of Mr. Pope, In Imitattom 

^Milton's Lycidas — — - — • 345 

An EJfay on Satire : occafwrfd by the Death of Mr. Pope 359 
A Character of Mr. Pope's Writings » » — 386 

ihe Cave of Pope. A Prophecy •— — ^ 394, 

The E N D cf Vol. IIL 



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