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Englifli Proverbs ; 

Alio the inoft celebrated Pttvirb, of (he 

■i'ij/ri', Italian^ French^ Spaniflo^ 

" And other Languages. 

The Whole Methodically Digcitcd and Illuftrated 
with Annotations, and proper Explications. 

By the late Rev. and Learned J. Ray, M. A. 

Fellow of the Royal Socirty, and Author 
of the Hiftoria Plantarum, and Jt-'ifdoiji of God hi the 
B fforks of Creatian, &c. &c. 
Hr To whicb is addtd, 

^B {fFritten hy the fame Author) 

H\ CoUeaion of Englip Words 

■ Not Generally Ufed, 

^Ht^ith their Significations and Original in twoAlpha- 
^P ietical Catalogues iihcone^of inch Hi arc propcrto 
^ t\v:NortherH,tht other, to the Southern Counties. 
With an Accountof the preparing and refininy luch 
Metals and AUr.erals as arc found in England. 


augmented with many Hundred Words, 

Obseevations, Letters, ^c. 



Mnicd hi W. Otridge. oppofite iho Norih Side of th« New 
Churcli in the Strand ; S. Blaion, in Pai--r-n<iHer.row ; W. 
Cooke, at the Ro^al Exchange; W, Harrii, in St. Paul't 
Churth-y»rdi S. Sicwe and T, Pear, in FIcci-ftretti J. 
Robfon, C. Parker, and W. Shropfhire, in Hond-ftreeti J. 
9.'6\ey, ID St. Jamet'i- Ilreet ; H Turpiti, in Si. JohoV 
ftreei i R. Smith, next Barnard's Inn, in Holborn ; G. Wood- 
fall, ai Charins-Crof) -, and G. Pearch, No. j a, Chi»pCd«. 

.1 ; 

< • • . 


( - •:■. 


c ■ > * 


• 4 

• 4 

[ Si ] 


»v ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 


PR E F A C E. 

i HE former Edition of this 
' Colheiion of Englifli Pro- 
verbs falling into the ha?ids 
of divers ingenious- Perfons, 
rny worthy Friends, in feveral forts of 
this Kingdom, had (as 1 hoped it tanild) 
this good effeB to excite them, as 'well 
to examine their awn memories, and try 
what they could call to mind themfehes 
that were therein wanting, as alfo more 
A 2 carefully 


iv The P R:E F A C p. 

carefully to heed what occurred in read^ 
ing^ or dropped from the mouths of 
others in difcourfe. JVhereupon having 
noted many fucJ^^ th^ were pleafed for 
the perfeSiing of the work frankly to 
communicate them to me. All which ^ 
amounted tofome hundreds y be fides not a 
few of my own Obfervation^ I prefent 
the Reader within thisfecond Edition. I 
^ dare not yet pretend it \o be a compleat 
and perfeEi Catalogue of aU Englifli 
Proverbs : But I think I may without 
arrogance affirm it to be mo^e full and 
comprehenjive than any ColleEiion hither- 
to pubUpjed. And I believe that not 
very many of the Proverbs getter ally 
ufed /z// England over^ or far diffufed 
over any confiderable part of ity whether 
the Eaft, Weft, North, (?r Midland 
Countries y have efcaped it \^ I having 
had Gommu7iications fro77t obfervant and 
inquiftive Perfons in all thofeparts^ viz. 
frofn Francis Jeflbp, Efq; of Broom- 
hall in Sheffield PariJh.YoMcAxt, Mr. 
George Antrobus,- Majler of the Free 
School at Tamworth in Warwickfhire, 
. • and 


The P R E F A CE. r 

and Mr. Waiter AfLmcre of the fame 
fhce^ Michael ^ Biddulph, Gent< of 
Polcfwoith in Warwickihire, deceafed ; 
Mr. Newton of Leicefter, Mr. Sher- 
f ingham ^Caius College/;?; Cambridge ; 
iSVr Philip. Skippon of Wrentham in 
%\x&^y Knight^ Mr. Andrew Pafchallj 
of Chcdfey in Somerfetfhire, and Mr^- 
Francis Brokefby, of Rowley in the 
Eaft Riding of Yorkflure. As for Lo^ 
col Proverbs of leffer extent^ proper to 
fome Towns or Villages^ as they are ve- 
ry numerous^ fo are they hard to hepro^ 
cured y and few of thenty could they ^ be. 
had y very quaint or Jignif cant. 

If any one Jhall find faulty that I 
have inferted many Englifh Phrafes that 
ore not properly Proverbsy though that 
word be taken in its greateji Latitude^ 
and according to my own definition of a 
Proverby and.objeB that I might as well 
have admitted all the idioms of the Eng-J 
lifti Tongue ; / anfwery thaty to fay the 
truth y I cannot warrant all thofe Phrafes 
to be genuine Proverbs to which I haVe 

^ 7> \ allowed 

vi The PRE FA OS. 

cllowed room in this ColleEiion ; for in^ 
deed I did notfatisfy myfelf in many : 
hut becaufe they werefent me for fuch 
hy learned and intelligent PerfonSy and 
voho / ought to prefume und^jland the 
nature of a Proverb better than myfelf 
and becaufe I find the like in ColleEiions 
of Foreign Proverbs^ both French and 
Italian, / chefi rather tofubmt them to 
the Cenfure of the Reader ^ than myfelf 
pafsfentence of rejeBion on them. 

^s for the Method I have ufed^ in the 
Preface to the former Edition I have 
given my Reafon why I made choice of 
ity which to me do fill appear to be fufji- 
0ent. The Method of Common-places ^ 
if any man think it ufeful^ may eafily be 
fupplied by an Index of Common-places^ 
nfiherein to each head the Proverbs ap^ 
pertaining or reducibk Jhall be referred 
by the Appojition of the numeral cha^ 
rasters of page and line. 

Some Proverbs the Reader may pojftbly 
find repeated^ but I dare fay not mmy^ 

Ji 1 know 

The PRE FA C E. Vii 

/ know this might have heen avoided by 
running over the whole Bodk^ and fear ch- 
ingfor the Proverbs, one by one^ in all 
the places where our . Method wOuld ad^ 
niit them entry. Butjloth and impati-^ 
ence of fo tedious a work enticed me ra^ 
tber to prefume upon memory 5 ef^ecially 
confidering it was not worth while to be 
very follicitous about a matter of fofmall 
importance. Infuch papers as I feCePO^ 
ed after the Copy was out of my handle 
when I was doubtful of any Proverb Jt 
chofe to let itjlarui^ refolving that it was 
letter to repeat fome than to omit any^ 

Now whereat I underjland that fome 
Proverbs admitted in the former Edition 
have given offence tofober and pious perr 
fonsy as favouring too much of obfcenity^ 
heing apt to fuggeft impure fancies to cor-^ 
rupt mindsy I have in this omitted all 
I could fufpeSi for fuck fave only one ^ for 
the letting of which Jiand I have giveH 
my reajm in the Note upon it ; and yet 
now upon better confideration I could 
wijh that it alfo were obliterated. For 

A 4 I would 

yiii The PREFACE. 

/ would hy no means he guilty of ad- 
mini/lering jewel to luft, which 1 
am Jenfible needs no incentives, 
burning too eagerly oj itfelf. 

But though 1 do condemn the men- 
tion of any thing obfcene^ yet J can- 
not think all uje ofjlovenly and dirty 
.words to he Juch a violation of mo- 
' de/ly, as to exa& the dijcarding all 
Proverbs of which they are ingre- 
dients, I he tijeful notions i which 
many ill-worded Proverbs do im- 
port ^ may I think compenfate for 
their homely terms ; though I could 
wi/b the Contrivers of them had put 
their Sen je into more decent and 
cleanly Language . For if we confider 
what the reafons are why the naming 
fome Excrements of the body, or the 
egefiim of them, or the parts em- 
ployed therein is condemned^ we fball 
find them to he, either i. Becauje 
fucb excrements being ojfenfifve to our 
Senjes, and ujually begetting a loath- 
ing in cur Stomachs, the words that 




■ The B R E F A C E. ix 

U&ni/y them are e^t to do fo too, ; 
mmidfor their relation to them, fuch 
^gi//o as denote thofe aBions and farts 
^B^' the tody ly -which they are ex- 
WteOed, and therefore the mention of 
^ghem is unti\iil and contrary to good 
^^anners ; or i, Becaufe Jiich excre- 
^ments rejieS fome dtjbonotir upoti 
^bw bodies, it being refuted dijgrace- 
tyU/ to lie under a necejjity of JucH 
evacuations, and to haie Jmh finks 
about us : and therefore modefty re- 

B wires that we decline the naming of 
hem, left -uie Jeem to glory in our 
fhame. New tbeje reafons to me 
Jeem not fo weighty and cogent as to 
neceflitate the cmiiffion of jo tnany of 
the molt ivitty and fignifkant of our 
Englifli Proverbs : let further to 
avoid all occafion of offence, I have 
by that ufual expedient of putting 
cnly the initial Letters for the un- 
cleanly words, fo veiled them, that 
I hope they will not turn tlie flomach 
of the mofl vice. For it is the 
tiaining fuch things by their plain 

■ X i 

i Tlie f» R E F A C E 

i^d proper appeUai'v\3e$ thai is odious 
andoffenjwe; when they come lapped 
i^ (0s wejfi^j in clean Unneriithat 
Is^ e»:prejieji in oblique, figurative, 

0'^tnetapqricalterms., or only Antimated 
and pointed at^ the moji tnodeji can 
Ifrpok them ijoell enough, The Appendix 
of Hebrew. ProverlM *was colleBed and 
(^ijtnmunicated ly my worthy Friend Mr, 
lUchard Kadder, ReBor of Rayn in 

» ...» . , 

• * 
.* . . . ' ■ 

, ' Sol have dif patched what 1 thought 
i^eedful to premtfe either for my own Ex-^ 
cufey or the Readers Satisfa&ion^ to 
whofe favourable acceptance I recom- 
mnd this Work, 

J. Ray. 






( II ) 

f • 

. / 




R E A D E R. 

ITTLE need to be faid con- 
cerning the nature and ufe p|^ 
the fubje<9: of this Book, con" 
teying at once entertainment and pro- 
fit, as the wife Man obferves, like apples 
of gold J in piBures of fiver, 

A Proverb is u{ually defined, an in- 
ftrudive fentence, or common and pithy 
faying, in which more is generally de- 
fi^'d thanexpreis'd,famous for itspecu- 
jiarityand elegance, and therefore adopt- 


xii To the READER. 

ed by the learned as well as the vulgar, 
by which 'tis diftiaguiih'd from coun^ 
terfeits which want fuch authcaity'* 

^ ■ . 

It owes its orioinal and reputation tp 
the fayings of wife men,allufions of the 
ancient poets, the cuftoms of countries 
and manners of mankind, adapted to 
common ufe,as ornaments of fp^ech, 
rules of inftruftion, arguments of wif- 
dom, and maxims of ujideniable truth. 

The ' peculiarity of Proverbs ariies 
Ibmetimes from the novelty of an ex- 
preflii)!!, which ftrikes the fancy of the 
licarer, and engages him to convey it 
down to pofterity : Sometimes the 
thing itfelf difcovers its own elegance, 
and charms men into an univerl'al re- 
ception of it : it is alfo frequently be- 
holden to the propriety or the ambigui- 
ty of a word, for its fingularity and 
approbation ; in ihort, brevity, without 
obfcurity, is the very foul of it. 

The dignity alfo of Proverbs is felf 
evident : they are not to be reckoned 


To the RE A D E R. iaiT 

infignificant trifles, only fit for fchpol 
boys, fince the moft learned among the 
ancients, ftudy*d and recorded them ui 
lading monuments of fame, and trans- 
mitted them to their fucceflbrs as the 
moft memorable inftnidions of human 

» « 

life, either in point of regular conduft 
or common prudence ; Pluiarchy Theor 
phraftus^PlatayznA Erafmusy with ma- 
ny others, thought the knowledge of 
them an honpufable ftudy. 

I l' • . ■'V' ^* »• / < j *- W 



Salomon compiled a Book on this 
Allied, the nobleft in the world, the 
defign of which is to fhew, thata Pro- 
verb is the interpretation of the words 
of the wife, Prov. i. 6. There is fcarce 
any part of the facred writings in 
which they are nqt ^o be found. 

Their ufefulnels is at leaft equal to 
their dignity, as they conduce to 
the underftanding of philofophy, of 
which they are the very remains, and 
are adapted efFedually to perfuade ; for 
what can ftrike more than univerfal 


xiv The PREFACE. 

truths, well apply'd to a point inqueftion: 
They drive the nail home in difcourfe, 
and clinch if with the ftrongeft convic- 
tion ; for which realon Arifiotky in hi$ 
Rhetorick, places Proverbs among the 
undeniable teftimonies of truth: ^uiri' 
tiliany on account of their veracity and 
fuccefs, commends them as helps t<» 
the art of fpeaking and writing well, 


The underftanding of adages is m 
half fo difficult as the knack of apply- 
ing them with propriety, and therefore 
they are not to be uledasmeat,hut fauce, 
or feafoning,notto clog but adorn; the 
too frequent ufe and repetition of them 
beget a diftalte, and therefore ought to 
be introduced only at proper times and 
places, for when impertinently ap- 
ply'd, they are not only difguftful, but 
even darken one another. 

/ Of this Book there have been three 

Editions already,the two firft publilhed 

by the learned and ingenious Author 

himfelf, the third was in the year 1 742, 



To the R E A D E R. x» 

which wanted many articles that were 
in the former, all which are reftored in 
this, with fome additions made and in- 
ferted through the ailiftance of a 
learned Gentleman, by the publilher's 
moft obedient Servant. 

Dtctmhtr 5, 1767. 

<-■ - •►-^ »- e • 

. • 


/» '» 







[:. -I, ]■- 


.^v ^i^fC^ k.ji( gKSS ^ ©S hud 04^.^ 

Sentences and Phrafes found in the for-^ 

mer ColleEiions of ProverBs^ the tncfl 

of them not now in c{immon , ufe for 

fuch^ fo far as I know^ hut borrowed 

of other Languages. 

/ A Nriquity IS not always a mark of verity. 
LjL Better to go ahoui than to fall into the 

jLJL ditch. Hi/pan. ^ , • ^ j, 

ThtabfenlP^ lliU faulty. !<,- :v^A.^'^/^./A/•'^''^''^^^' 
.Jn vain he craves advice that will not follow it, 

"When a thing is done advice comes too late. 

Though old ^nd wife yet ftill advife. 

It's an ill air where nothing is to be gain'd. 

No Alchymy to faving. 

Good Ale is meat, drink, and cloth.- 
^Jlnger dieth quickly with a good' man. 

He that is Angry is feldom at eafe. 

For that thou canft do thyfel^ rely not on another^ 

The wholcfomeft meat is at another man's coft. 
, None knows, the w^^ight of another*^ burden. 
When youaVe aVy^^ix^/ZhGldyou ftill ; 
When you ace a hammer ftrike your fill. 

The Afe fo Igng-piipperh her yci^ng that at laft Ihe 

* killcth thcnu' * . 
.T^ ■'"-'' - B An 

4 . 


2 Prtrokrbial Sititmcii^ 

I J An Afe i& an Ape, a varlct's a varlet, 
Thouj^h they be clad in (ilk or fcarlet. 
h broken Apothecary a new^ Doftoi-. 
>i(^/A^f9r/^j would not give pills infugar unlefs they 

weit WttCT. 
Better ride on an y^ that carries me, than an Afs 

ibat thj^ours me. 


BE not a ttakeur if your head beof butter. Hifpan. 
The halhnce diftinguilhes not between gold 
and lead. 
There's no great ^mquet but fqme fare ill. 
Oti^BarberfhdkVts not f6 clofc bfit another finds work. 
On a good bargain think twiice. Ital. 
Barefooted men need not tread on thorns. 
Bajhfulnefs is an enemy to poverty. 
Better to be beaten than be in bad company. 
Beauty is a bloflbm. 
Beauty draws more tflan oxen. 
Beauty is no inheritance. 
The begger is never but of his way. 
The begger may fing before the thief. No more tb^n 
the Englijb of that old Latin verfe. 
Cantabit vacuus corafn latrone 'Viator. 
Better to die z begger than live a begger. 
Such a beginning fuch an end. 
He that makes his bed itl lies there. 
If the ^^i could tell all it knows it would put ma* 

ny to the blulh. 
He who lies long in bed his eftate feels it. 
Who looks not before finds himfelf behind. 
BeUs call others to church, but enter not in them- 

Be not too hafty to outbid another. 
Who hath bitter in his mouth fpits not all Iweet. 
The Hind mean's* wife ne^ds no painting. HifpM. 
%^ ' • He 



He is ^nd dnough who fees not through the holes ^^ 

of a ficvc. Hi/pan. . 
That which doth ilafom in the. Spring will bring 

forth fruit in the Autumn. 
He that ifows in th^ duft fills hfs eyes. 
The Ba^ is the focket of tlie Soul. 
It's eafy to iowl down hill. 
Brabbling currs never want fore ears. 
The brain that fows not corn plants thiftlcs. 
't'he Afi that Irays moft eats kaft. 
^otild you have better bread than is made of 

wheat ? ItaL 
Bread vniti eyes, and cheefe without eyes, Hifp. Ital. 
To beg trtechu of a bare ars'd man. 
As I brew lb I muft drink. 
There is no deceit in a brimmer. 
Building is a fwcet impovcrifhing. // is called the 
Spanifh plague : Therefore as Cato wellfaitb^ 
Optimum eft aliena infania frui. 
Building and marrying of children are great wafters,J 

The greateft burdens are not the gainfulleft. 
To bi^ dear is not bounty. 
Buy at a market, but fell at home. Hijpan. 


THere is no cake but there is the like of the 
fame make.. 
Ia a r^^ fea every man is a pilot. 
A good candle-holder proves a good gamefter. 
If thou haft not a capon feed on an onyon. Gall. 
The Cat is hungry when a cnjft contents her. 
Theliqudt^GiJ/gcts.rnany aVapu. , v.-- ^c^" 
It's a bad caufe that none dare fpeak in. . 
He that chaftifetb one amendcth many. 
Though the l?o)t*r.uns, .the chicken hath wings. 
Tht.chicken is the Country's, but the. City cats it. 

B 2 ' Wd ^/ 

4 Proverbial StTXiences. 

vt "Wo to the houfe where there is no chiding. 

The child faith nothing but what he heard at the fire. 
To a child all wtathfcr is cold, 
\V hen children ftand quiet they have done fome harm'. 
What children heaf at hoftic doth ibon fly abroad. 
Children arc poor mens riches, are certain carfcs,- but 

uncertain comforts, when they site little make 

parents fools, when great, mad. 
A light Chrijimas a heavy Iheaf. 
The cholerick drinks^the melancholick eats^ the fleg- ' 

matick fleeps. 
"Who never climbed never fell. 
After clouds comes clear weather. 
Give a clown your finger and he*ll take your whole 

Coblers and tinkers are the beft^le-drinkers. 
The Cock crows, but the hen goes. 
When you ride a yoxingcoU fee your faddle be well 


The comforter* % head never akes. It ah 

He commands enough that obeys a wife man* ItaL 

It's good to have company in trouble. 

Solainen miferis focios habuijfe dolor is. 
Keep good men company^ and you (hall be of the 

Confejfion of a fault makes half amends for it. 
Pie that contemplates hath 'a day without a night. 
He liiay well be contented who needs neither bor^ 

row nor flatter. 
He that converfeth not with men knoweth nothing. 
Corn in good years is hay, in ill years draw is corn. 
Corn is cleanfed with the wind, and the foul with 

chaftning. _. 
l^Ifik^Tj!£t:jj3?/;^w:h^AiswTngs^^^ me with hisbill. 

A covetous man is like a do^ in a wheel that roaft- 

eth meat for others. 
A dry cough is the trumpeter of death. 
Keep counfel thy fclf firft* 
^^ t, Counfcls 



Proverbial Senfencisl Ijf 

/ooCtMnfeU in wine fddom pibfper, , : 

He that will not be counJeiPd canDOt be help'd. 
Qourtefy on one fide dotn never laft long. 
Courts have no Almanacks. 
Craft bringeth nothing home. 
To a crazy fliip all winds are contrary* 
Credit loft is like a Venice glafs broke. 
He that hath loft \\\%jcredith dead to the world. 
^ No man ever loft his credit but he who had it not. 
Crooked legs make ftrait fires. 
Crojfes are ladders that do lead to Heaven. 
Carrion crows bewail the dead flieep, and then eat 

them. Ital. 
Crir€/i5? is a tyrant that's always attended with fear. 
Who is a cuckold and conceals it carries coak in hi* 

bofom. Hifp. 
Let every cuckold Wear his own horns. 
In Rain and Sunfliine cuckolds go to heaven. 
A cut purfe is a fure trade, for he ^bath ready money 
vvhen his work is done^ 


YOU dance in a net, and think nobody fees you. 
When all is gone and nothing left. 
What avails the Dagger with the Dudgeon-heft ? 
The danger paft and God forgotten. 
No day paflith without fome grief. 
It is never a bad day that hath a good night. 
Deaf men go away with thcfclnjury. 
It's a wicked thing to make a dearth one's garner. 
Death keeps no Kalender. 
Men fear death as children to go in the dark. 
Better to go tobed fupperlefs than to rifcin debt.Hif. 
Deeds arc fruits, words arc but leaves. 
Deeds are males, and words are females. 

I fatti fono mafchi^ le parole femine. Ital. 
Pefires are nourilhc<l by delc^s. 
^ . B 3 Bf ^ 


^ Proverbial Sentencts.^ 

\'^Q He Ibfcth his thanks who promifeth and 4ebye$hi, • 
Gratia ab officio^ qued mora tardat^ abefi. 

A man may lofe hi? goods for w^nc of demanding^ 
Optima nomina non appellando Jlunt mala. 

Firft deferve and then defire. 

Defert and reward fddom keep pompany. 

Difereet women have neither eyes nor ears. 
Lafemrae de bien Wa tiy yeuic wf oreilles. GalJ. 

Sweet difcourfe makes fhoft days and nights. 
,JD//^^?/?j are the intierefts of plcafure$. 

AH her 4iJh€S are chafing diihes. 

The T>evil\^ not ajways at ope door. 

It's an ill battle where the devil carries tl>e cdpujrs, 

IHverfjy of humours breedeth tunoors. 

A man may caufe his own dog to bite him. 

The Dog wfio hunts fouleft hits at mo0: faults. 

When ^dog is drowning tuctry one offers hio) water* 

D^^jwag their tails not fo much in love toyou as to 
your bread. Hi/pan. 

D^^jgnaw bones becaufc they cannot fwallow them. 

Do what thou oughteft, and come what can. Gall. 

A noble houfe-keeper needs no doors. 

Do as the Friar faith, not as he doth. Hi/pan. 

A great dowry is a bed full of brabb|es. Hifpan. 

Fine drejftng is afoul houfefwept before the window^. 

He was hang'd that left his drink behind* '- 

Who Ibfeth his due €Ltttc\3ii no thanks. 

T T TIder ears and a (hort tongue* 
YY Think of eafe. but work oft. 
That which lieajily dor^c is fi>on believed. 
Who eats his dinner alone muft faddle his horfe 
alone. 'HifpoH. 
,rrj You cannot hide an £«/ in a fack* 
'^i Good 


Prwerifal SintiWfS^ # 

f (f Good to beg^a wcU^^ be$cer to end well. ■' 

In the end things vUl mend. 
He th^ enduritb is pot overcome. 
No man better l^nows wh,aF good is^ than h$ thtf 

hath endured evil. 
£»t!y never enriched any man. 
Of evil grain no good feed can come. 
Bear with evil and expc£t g<^. , 
^vil gotton evil (pent. 

Male paria male dilabuntur. 
That which is evil is foon learnt. 
f,vil that Cometh ou( of thy mouth flieth Into thjr 

• F. 

WHo hath zfair wife needs niorc than two qycs. 
Fair is not fair, but that which pleafeth.Ti^/^ 
is an Italian Proverb^ Non e bello quel* ch' e bel- 
lo ma e bello quel* che pi^ce. 
A fair woman and a flaili'd gown find always fon>e 

nail in the way. 
One may fooncr fall than rife. 
Fall not out with a friend for a trifle. 
It is 4 poor family that hath neither a whore nor a 

thief in it. 
Afaf houfc-keeper makes leain executors. 
Every one bafteth the fa: hog, while the lean one 

Teach your father to getclyliren. 
Such 2L father fuch a (on. 
The faulty ftands on his guard. 
Every onc^s faulty arc not written in their foreheads 
Better pafs a danger once than be always in fear. Ital. 
Reckon right and February hath thirty-one days. 
He chat hath z feUow-ruUr hath an over-rulen* 
Fidlers fare, n^^at, drink, and money, 
^al^e heed yo\\ find not that you do not feek. /W. 



S TrvoMnai Setttitneii: 

JUS W^^' '"^y ^^ ^"^^'* of fire irhofc gown burnedfc" ' 
"The/r^ difli pleafeth all. : \ ' ^. : 

I*U not tt^zkcfjh of one atnd flefli of another.' ' • 
ThcJ&5& follow the bait.' • ^ 

In the deepcft water is the beftj^^wj^. 
He that is lufFer'd to do more than is ^/rf*jf will 

do moie than is lawful, i » ; • ' 

No man czn Jiay a ftone. 

One flower mjikcs no garland. ■: - 

None is a fool always, every one fomctimes. 
A/?^/i» fulfom.e. 
A fool demands much,, but he's a greater fool that 

gives it. 
Fools tie knots and wife ipen loofe them. 
If fools went not to market bad ware would not 

be fold. Htfpan. 
One fool makes an hundred. 
If you play with a/<?d>/ at home, he^ll pli^y with you 

in the market. 
Better a hdstfoot than no foot at all. 
Forgive any fooner than thy fclf. GalL IlaL '- 

' Thtforemoft dog catcheth the hare. 

The perfwafion of the fortunate {vf2iy% the doubtful; 
When F^r/««^ fttiiles on thee take the advantage. 
He who hath ho ill fortune is cloyM with good. - 
He that will deceive tjie Fox muft rife betimes. 
Foxes when flceping have nothing fall into their 
mouths. This is a French Prcv. A Regnard en- 
dormi rien ne cheut en la gueule. 
Foxes when they cajRlDC reach the grapes fay thejr 

are not ripe. 
The beft mirrour is an old friend. Gall. Wfpan* 
Life without z friend is death with a witnefs. 
Makenot thy /rf>;iitoo cheap to thee,' nor thy felf 

to thy friend. 
When 2i friend afketh there is no to morrow. Hifp. 
A true/n>»^{hould be, likea privy,open in ncceffity- 
A friend is not fo fpon gotten as loft. . 
1^\^\ ' , Have 




Pnmerlial Sentencesl, c^ 

Haro hut few )Sry>ii^ though thucKiKrqtlaintanccvrz/^ 
/ In time of iproiptixty friends willi* plenty. ^ 
\\el time of ndveifcjr not one ittoongft twentfj/ 
A tree is known by the/rw//, and not by. the leaves. 
The /«r/i^^ we go the tiirthcr behind. ■ --^ :, 

I ■ ' .» ■ • . . , ^'^ 



WHO would be a GeTiiUman let hiih fiorm ^ 
town. . o 

It's not the gay ceat makes the Gentleman^ '; 

He givetb twice that gives in a trice. 
^ cito dat bis dat. . 

D^'if^ i»^//^ afpettato e vendufa nm dcnato. ItaL 
A i&y/ long waijted for is fold and not given. 
Giving is dead now-a-rdays, and reftoring very fick^ 
Who gives thee a capon giye hiip the leg and the 
.- iving. Hifp: . J 

To give and keep there is need of wit. 
A man of gladnefs feldom falls into madnefs, 
"Who hath ^/^T/i-w/Wi^wi.Qf his own muft take heed 

how he throws ftones at his houfe. 
Wl^at you r^ii;r/i tells you will not be toldbycoyhfeli 
He that hath a body made of glafs muft not thrpw 

ftones at another. ' 
Do not fay ^^ but gaw, i. e. go thy felf akng. 
God deprives him of bread who likes not his drink. 
God healeth, and the Phyfictan hath the thanks. . 
Get thy fpindle and thy diftafF ready and G^^will 

fend thee flax, -4^ ' 

God cometh with leaden feet, out ftriketh with iron 

God comes at laft when we think he is fartheft of. //. 
God hath often a great ftiare in a little houfe. GalL 
Gody our parents, and our mafter can never be rt- 

• quited. Gall. 
No lock' will bold againfr the po^atrof gold. Hifp. 

. •/ . '...'. Yott 

• ^1 '^ .>' 




X6 Praveriial SefOimdA 

You may fpealc with yam.gM tad make odidt 

« tongttrs dumb. JtaL 
yfhtn we hart g§id we are in tatr^ wlien we haye 

none we are in danger. Hal. 
A good tbing is foon fnatch^d up^ 
An handful of good life is better than a buChel of 
learning. Mieux vaut un poigtfi di bonne vie qtec 
plein nntf de clergie. Gall. 
One never loftth by ddng good turns* . 
Good and quickly feldom meet. 
Goods are theirs who enjoy them. Ital. 
Gqffips and frogs they drink and talk. 
The greafeji ftrokes make not the bed mullck. . 
There could be i^ great ones if there were no little. 
He that fr^/^5 in the dark finds that he would nor. 
Many thm^^s groto in the garden that were ncy^ 

there. Hifpan. 
^he grounfel fpeaks not fave what it heard of the 

THE wife Hand dpth not all the fbolifh tonguQ 
Happy is he who knows his follies in his youth. 
The bard gives np more than he thathatn nothing* 
Things bardly attained are long retained. 
He who would have a bar^ for breakfaft muft hunt 

over night. 
GooAbarveftsm2kt menprodigal,bad ones provident 
He that hath a good baveft may be conceii|t wit|| 

^Tis iafe riding in a good baven* 
The firft point of bawking is hold faft* 
The gentle bowk mans herfelf. 
When the bead akes all the body is the worfe. 
Dum caput ifrfe0at labor omnia membra moleJlaK 
y ^nc is not fo foon beaUd as hurt* 
7J^3 ' /Whau 


Pr$wtiial Sintencih %% 

llVhat thtifeart tWnkcth jhe tongue fpcaketb. : %<o^ 

Who rpit3 s^ainijb heaven ic falls in hi^ face. Hifpan. 

Hell is full *dF good ipruings and wiibes. 

The bigbrway if never about. 

Look kigk and fall intp a cow-turd. 

Every man i$ beft kjK>wn to himjilf. 

jBctter my be$J^\xxy home than no hog at aJl. 

Dry bre^ at kom i^ better than roaft-meat abroad^ 

He is wife that is hpneft. JtaL 

jbf all crafts to be an bQn^ m^n is the maAer-craft, 

A man never furfcits of too much b^nffiy. 

Lick hpney with your little finger. 

He that licks boney from thorns pays too dear for it, 

Tbis is a Frencb Proverb. Tvo^ achepte le miel qui 

•fur efpines le kdie. 
JJoney is fweet but the Bee dings. . 

HMdur and eafe are feldom bedfellows. 
Who lives by htfpe dies breaking of wind back^ 

wards. ItaL 
Hethat lives in bape dancethwithout a minftrcL/y//i 
The borfe thinks one thing,and he that rides him an» 

Lend thy borfe for a long joijrney, thou mayeft have 

him return with his fkin)^?!^ 
All thing9^ are fqon prepared in a well ordered h$ufi. 
The foot on the criulle and hand on the diftafi^ ts 

the fign of a good boufewif^. Hifpan. 
An humble-bee in a cow-turd thinks himfclf a king, 

// were more proper to fay^ a Beetle in a cow^turd^ 
An hungry man an angry man. 
fit^ands are in heaven whofe wives chide not 


IDLENESS turns the edge of wit. 
Idlenefs is the key of beggery. 
%(? not with the eye nor religion. Hifpan. 
The truefty^^j found worft in guilty cars. ^d / 



Ir 1 Prwerhial Sentertcih 

^V/ Better be ill fpoken of by one before all, than by 

- all before one, 
An /// (lake ftandeth longcft. 
There were no ///language tf it were not ill taken. 
The beft remedy againft an ///man is much ground 

between both. Hifpdn. 
Indujir^ is fortune's right hand, and frugality her left 
He goes not out of his way that jgocs to a good Inn. 
We muft not look for a golden life in an iron age. 
An itch is worfe than a fmart. 
Itch and eaCe can no man pleafe, 


"Hercfbever vou fee yoiir kindred make much 

of your friends. 

A knotty ^\^ct of timber muft have fmooth wedges* 

Many do kifs the hands they wifli to fee cut off. Hifp. 

Pc that eats the King^s goofe Ihall be choked with 

the fcatherSt 


E that labours dJf^nYti fpins gold. 
_ The lame goeth'as far zs the ftaggerer. 
The laji fuiter wins the maid. J * 
In a thoufand pound of law there's not an ounce 

of love. 
The Law is not the fame at morning and night. 
The worft of law is that one fuit breeds twenty.////. 
A fuit of law and an urinal briogs a man to the 

Hofpital. Hifpan. 
A good Lawyer an evil neighbour. 
He laughs ill that laughs himfelf to death. 
Let your letter ftay for the Poft, not the Poft for 

the letter. Jtal. 
A Bean in liberty is better than a comfit in prifbn. 
, Every light is not the Sun. 
ii\C9-; ; Like 


ii;t^ Author like book. . ^fj- 

Like CO like, and Nan for Nicholas^ , . / 

The Uott\ (kin is never cheap, ^ 

A little ho&f doth often harbour a great foul. 
' The* /////tf great unlefs he devoilr many. 

L/7//i? fticks kindle the fire, but great ones put it out, 
' Utile dogs ftart the hare but great ones catch it. * 

That Uttte which is good fills the trencher. 
He Mvetb long that liveth well. 
Lifi is half fpent before we know what it is. 
He that liveth wickedly can hardly die honeftly. 
-He xYiit lives not well one year forrows for it fcvcri. 
It*s not how long^ but how well we live* 
Who /iwj well fees afar off. Hifpan. 
The life of man is a winter's day and a wintcr*swayV 
Hehfetb nothing who keeps God for his friends 
He hath not lojt dMvfho hath one throw to call. Gal, 
London Bridgt was made for wife men to pals over9 

and for fools to pafs under. 
Zwtf lives ifi Cottages as well as in Courts. 
Love rules his kingdom without a fword. 
Love being jealous makes a good eye look afquint. 
Love afks faith, and faith afks firmnefs* ItaL 
They love too much that die for love. » 

They who love moft arc leaflet by. 
Where love fails we efpy all faults. 
A low hedge is eafily leapt over. 



A Maid that giveth yicldeth. ItaL 
A maid that laughs is half taken. 
A Viiaid oft feen, a gown oft worn. 
Are difeftcem'd and held in fcorn. 
Manners make often fortunes.. 
When many ftrike on an anvil they muft ftrikc by 

Many ventures make a full .fraight. 1 4/ y 




14 Proverbial iSenftmcek 

Qjl(\ Many without punifhmcht, none without fin; . 
^^ 1 Many fpeak much that cannot fyiA. wcIL. 

The Adarth Sun caufcth dtift, and . ihc wind Wo#s 

it about. 
When the mgre hath a bald fac«, the fiily yj9illUa,v6 
/ Yhe markei is the bcft garden* jit Londan tbg^ mi 
^ wont td fayy Cheapiide is the beft garden; 
The married man muft turn hiir ftafF into a flake. 
Before thoti nutHji \it fare of a* hoitfe whecerint to 

tarry. Hifpan. ItaL . 
.Honcft is!en maii^ fboo, wife tmm not at alL Bat. 
He who marrieth for wcakh doth fell iiis liberty. 
Who marrteth for lore witbottt mooey hath fijood 
^ '. nights aiid forrfdays. //df/. Hijpm. 
One eye of the mafief*% fees more tkaa ten di the leiv 

vant*s. Ji4i/* 
Thougli the mafiiffht gcntle^^t bitekim not by the 

Ufe the meani^ and God will g^ve the blefllng* 
Meafure thrice what tfaiOti.bu]f(eft» and cut it but 
• once. BaL 

Meafure is a merry meaa. 
He is not a merchant bart^ that had) moneys worth, 

or ware. 
Good to be merry at meat. 
Mettle is dangerous in a blindhorie* 
* Mills and wives are ever wanting. 

The mill cannot grind whh the water that is paft. 

The' abundance of money ruins youth. 

The (kilfuleft wanting mmey is fcornM. 

He that hath money in his purfe cannot want a head 

for hij (hotilders. ' - " 
Ready money wfll *«ray/ , v: 

Money is that Art hadvturneftup tmn^p^ 
Money ia wcfcomc tl>o* it comfe^n a fti^tcctt clout. 
The Morning Sun ne^p lafts aday*'* 
. The good mother faith not, will you> bxit ^vcs.Iiai. 
^^i \, ' Yoa 


Pnmriial Stnteneei te 

You muft iidt kt your Mmfe-trmp fmcll of cheefc. 3 , ^ 
Mufick helps noc the tooh-ach. ^ 

• - 

ONE »tf// drives out another. Gall. Un cloo 
. poUffc Taucre. 
A good name kcqps tts luftre in the dark^ 
He who but once a good name gets, 
Maj piis a bed and lay he fweais. Iial. 
The evil wound is cured^ but not the evil ndmi. 
Naiure draws more than ten oxen. 
Whopertiheth in aeoAS^.daoger is the devil's martyr 
Ifeev maac be^^aiiew appctke. 
When thy neigbltmr^^ boulbdolh burn»be careful of 
thine own. . 
Tim res agitur paries cmnpronimus ardeL 
Ho diaat runs in the nigbi ftumhtes. 
The nightingale and the cuckow (ing both in one 

Hie more m^^ the more humble. 
Cold weather and knaves come out ti the Nortbi 
Notbihg dotVQ, nothing up. 
Nothing have, nothing crave. 
By doing MAb'sg" we learn to do ill. NUfil agendo ma*^^ 

k agere diffinms. 
It's more painful to do nothing than lomething. 
He that hath nothing is not contented. 
The Nur/^% tongue is privil^ed to talk* 


THE offender never pardons, ital. 
The Qf/fring of them riiacare vcrv oW or 
very, young lafteth not. * 
Ifsill healttig aa oU fore. 
He wrongs not an Mmm who fteala hi&fupper • «^> 

iiomhim. Hiffa^u /^-^^ 



?6 Trcmarbial Sintencts. 

IfQ'^ If the old dogJbarfcs, he gives cotinfei. 
Can vccchio non baia ind arno. . ItaL 
Old friends and old wine are beft. Gall, and old gold. 
yOA/nicn, when they fcorn young, make much of 
' death. Rather^ as Mr. Howell i&tf/i& //, When they 
^ Tport with young women, \ 

When Bees are old they yield no honey. 
The old man's ftafF is the rapper at death's door, Hif, 
An old knave is no babe. 
Where old age is evil, youth can learn no good. 
When an old nian will not drink, go to fee him in an* 

other world. ItaU 
H^ who hath but one hog makes him fat, and he 

who hath but one fon makes him afooL Itai. 
One ihrewd turn alks another. 
One flumber invites another. 
All feet tread not in owe flioe. 
If every one would mend one^ all would bcamendcdL 
X^ne and none is all one; Hifpan. 
There came nothing out of the fackbutwhatwasinit* 
It's a rank courtefy when a man is forc'd to give 

, thanks for his -cw;^. 
The fmoke of a man's own houfe is better than the 

fire of another's. Hifpan. 
*Where {hall the Ox go but he muft labour. 
Take heed of an Ox before, an Als behind, and a 
.^: Monk on all fides. Hifpan. . 



MANY can pack the^ards that cannot play. 
Let no woman's painting breed thy ftomac's 
CP^ri/^J. piautts ait dead fpeakers. : 
On painting and fighting lodk doolB off. 
He thatwill enter intoP^r^^/i/Jtoufth^ye a goodkey. 
*:Say no ill of the year till it he pajk . 
ry liy^ry path hath a puddle* . . .* .; 


m ■•' 


Proverbiat Sentendissl • - ij 

Patch and long fit, bnild and foon flit. ^^ Q 

Patience is a flower grows not in every. one*s g^rdeij. 
Herein is anallufton to the fiame of a Plant Jo cdllm^ 
* i. fcJ Rhabarbarum Mcnachorum, 
He who hath mMchpedfemzy pntthe nlore in the pot. 
Let every pedler carry his own burden. , 
There's no companion like the penfy. Hifpan. 
He that takes not up a jp/» flights his wire. 
He that pitietb another remembereth himfclf. Hifp. 
Plaj^ women and wine undo men laoghing. 
Nd3le^/^»//'fuit not a ftubborn foil. 
Fly pleafure and it will follow thee. 
Never />/^^y«r^ without rrpehtance. 
Thc^/^tf/ir^/ of the ntighty arc the tears of the poor, 
if your//^w be jogging you may Rave meat for yotir 

Poor men have no fouls. 
There are none poor but fuch as God* hates. 
Poverty parteth friends for fellowftiip.] 
Poverty is the mother of health. 
True praije takes root and fpreads. 
Neither praife nor difpraifc thy fclf, thine a£Hons 

ferve the turn. 
He that will not be faved needs no preacher. 
Prettinefs dies quickly. • 
Who draws his fword againfl: his Prince muft: throw 

away the fcabbardr 
It's an ill proceffion where the devil holds the candle.' 
Bctvifcen promj/ing and performing a man may marry 

' his daughter. Gall, 
Hepromifetb like a merchant and pays like a man of 

To promife and give nothing is a comfort to a foot 
He is proper that hath proper conditions. 
Providence is better than rent. y 

He. hath left his pur/e in his other hofe. 
A full pur/e makes the mouth to fpeak. 
An empty pur/e fills the face with wrinkles. 


Ijv I 'irT's poffible fpr a ram 19 kill a butcher. 

'X The rati> fower never bofrqws of the Jatct. 
A man without reafon is a beaft in leaibnw 
Take heed of tncrnksreeoftcil^d^ and of meat twice 

boird. Hifpi^n^ , 
A good Recorder ftts all in order* 
Remove an okl tree and it will wither to death. 
"When all is cpnfua>'d, Repentanee comes too k.te. 
He may freely receire cowtefies that knows tow to 

Reqniie them. 
God help the rich the poor, ^an j>eg. 
Rubes are but the baggage of fortonew 
ISfiicn rUbesincre^ the body decrealc th, Fosrmof 

men grow old before they grow rich, . . . . ^ 
Riches art like muck which ftiok in a he^fp,- but, 

fpreacl abrp^' make th« earth fruitfuL 
It's eafy torr^^ aa. Orchard, when none keeps iCi 
A rugged ftone grows fmooth fr^m hand ^hand. 
Better to rule than be ruled by the rout. 
pThe r^ fword and empty purfe plead performanct 
' ef covenants. 

T s a bady^r^ir will abide no cl«>iitifig. 
When k pleafech not God^ the SfiinS can do li ttieS 
Htfp. Ikil. 
Salfftonznd Sermon have t^eirieaibnm Lent. Gall. 
A SeepUr is one things a ladle another. Atiaroifi^ 

trum^ alia pleSrum. 
YoiEi pay more for yowfchookng than your leamiAjg 

is worth.* * 
Who robs a Scholar robs twenty men. F(7r CMwiMf^ 
it^ borrows 41 cloak of one^ a,fmrd of another^ afmt 
of hoots of a thirds a hat of afjourth^ &c. 
U Whf haik ay^^A^hath forroiw to his fops. 

. , ' Being 



Prwerbiat Senteficiu 19 

Being on the ^ea fail, being on the land fettle. ¥BS^ 
They coniplafh wrongfully on the Sea^ who twice 

Ibfifer (hipwrack. 
Every thitfg is good iri iti fiafbn. 
"Would yoci knb\vyfrr^/,foofc them in grief or plea- 

^He 5*hoyi*itf#4' tpoiible Ticvcr mifleth it. 

Atnan muft/?//his wai t after the rates ctfthe ntarfceft 
Hewhoj'5?/\?^iwell needs hot be afraid to alkhiswadcs 
The groat is ill faved x}ci^x. flsamet th<!f mafter. 
li's a foolilh ;/^<fp that makes the v^oif filS iconfef- 

fof . lidL 
^hips fear fife more thsEh water. 
•A ^ft^ljhip doth alk deep waters. 
The chamber of Jitknefs is thexhapel of devotion^ 
Siknte deth fektom harm. * 

* Silence is the beft ornament of a woman. 
^HksznA Sattinsptrt oCit the fire ih the kitchen. 
He that/»^j on Friday {haH weep on Sunday. 
•Thi ffnging-man keeps hts fbop in his throat. Hifp^ 
Sit in yottr place and none can make yoa rife. 
Slander leases a fcore behind it. CalAimiare forii* 

ttr alijuid adb/ttedit. 
Sloth tuf neth thef edge of wit. 
Better the \i&fmite than the firft laaghter. 
Afmiling boy fcldom proves a good fervartt. 
Tiicfmiib and his penny are both black. 
WhvCher ycTi dor boil Jhm; or pound it, you can 

have but water of it. 
Sorr^ is good for nothing but fin. 
WhcnyW^zef is aOeepwake it iiot. 
Soldiers in peace are like chimnies in ftimmer. 
Who fows his corn in the field trufts in God. 
He that fpeaks me fair and loves me not, Til 

fpeak him fair and truft him not. 
He i\\2itfpeah doth fow, he-that holds bis peace 

doth reap. ^ Itat. 
Speech is the pidture.of the mind^ - *#- . ^/^r 

C 2 Spend 

ZJ '^'^ 


^ ao Prover^al Sentences. 

5 /^ Sp^^ ^^ be free, but make no waftc. * : 

. To a sock} Spender God is the treafurer^ 
The Jews fpend at Eafter, the Moors* at marriages, 

and the Chrillians in fuits of law. lial. 
/Who QAore than he is worth doth fpend^ he makes 

a rope his life to end. 
Vf ho fpends nK>re than he AiouU, (hall not have to 

fpend when he would. 
"Who hath fpice enough may feafon his meat as he 

It's a poor /pari that is not worth the candle. 
The beft of the /port is to do the deed and fay no- 

That which will not hcfpun^ let it not come be« 

tween the ipindle and the diftaffl 
The J ^eal the hog and give away the feet in alms. 

Steal the goole and give the giblets in alms. 
Sttp after iUp the ladder is alcended. 
Who hath none to JliUh\m may weep out his eyes. 
thtftillejl humours are always the worft. 
Who rtmovtficnes^ bruife their fingers. 
Who^hath fkirts oi Jirawy needs fear the (ire. Hijp, 
Stretch your legs according to your coverlet. 
' It's better to hcjiung by a nettle than pricked by a 

I fucked not this out of my fingers ends. 
Though the Sun {bines leave not your cloak at 

home. Hifpan. 
In every country the Sun rifeth in the morning. 
He defer ves not thcfweet that will not tafte of the 


THE TaMe robs more than the thief. 
Talk much and err much (faitb the Spaniard) 
^ I. r Talking pays no toIU 
6^f^ . \ They 


Pr6verhtal Sentences. 21 

They talk of Chriftmas fo long that it comcs^ - St/ 

The tafte of the kitchen is better than the fmelt 

To him that hath loft his tafte^ fweet is fowxe. 

Who hath aking teeth hath ill tenants* 

Teli a tald to a mare, and fhe'll kt a fart. GalL 

jifino fabtdam, 
A thin meadow is foon mowM. . 

The thorn comes forth with his point forwards. 
The thought hath good Jegs, and the quill a good 

tongue^ Itai. 
A tbottfand pounds and a bottle of hay, is all one 

thing at Dooms-day. 
There are more tbreatetCd than ftruck. 
He who dies of tbrfatJf muft Be rung to Church 

by farts. t 

^e that IS /ifj^tf^ii woul4 ever D^reftlf. . 
When ItfkifHtkrti the thief becomes hondCb. 
Tlii tide will fetch away what the ebb brings* 
Time is the rider that bieaks youjth. 
Every one puts his* fault on the times. 
Soon todd foon with God. 4w^^^^ Proverbywben 

A child hath teeth too foon. 
A long tongm is a^. fign of a (hort hand. 
Better that the feet flip than the tonnt. 
He that ftrikes with his tongue^ muft war4 with his 

The tongue* % not fteel, yet it cuts. 
The tongue breakcth bone,tho*itfelf have wmtfGalL 
The tongue talks at the head's coft. 
Too much bxGdks i\ic h^^. Hifp. 
Too much fcratching pains, too much talking 

plagues. GalL 
Trade is the mother of money. 
When the /r^^ is fallen, every man goethto it with 
his hatchet. GalL ' 

Truth and oyl arc ever above. Hifpan. 
Truth hath a good face, but bad clothes. ^ • , 

C 3 No v^ ^' 




2? ProvfrHal Sentence^. 


^*^l^ TVyO 9^^ ^^ unkindnejV 
\^ l/nknc%vn unkift'd, ' 

Unminded unmon^d. 

Under water, famine ; under fnow, bread. Ilal 

Vaiour that p^lies is irear yielding. ' 

Valour can do little without difcretion. 

Vis conftlii expers fhole ruitfua. Et parvifunt foris 

arma ntfijit fonfilium 4Qfni. - ^* 

That's not good language that all underjtand not. 

"Where aacn ar^ well ujed^ they'll frequent there; 


E that «e;^//j on another man*s trencher, makes 
_ many a late dinner. '• '.^ 

For want, of a niail the fhoe is loft, for.want of a (hoff 
the horfc h loft,forwant df a horle the ridet is loflT* 
War is death's feaft. . : . . 

Who preacheth w^r is the devil's chaplain. 
fVar mzkcs thcivcs, and peace hangs them. Gait. li. 
tVarj hunting, and law, arc as fpll of trouble as 
pleafure: ^ . r 

He that makes a good war makes a good peace. 
He is wife enough that can keep himfelf warm. 
Good «7^/ri prevents misfortune*. ' ' 
He that hath a head of wax muft not walk inthcSun, 
Where it is weakejl thcrt the ihreid breaketh. ' 
fVealiFs like thrum, it falls on the weakell parts. 
The greatett wealth is contentment with a little. 
The gowrfs her's that -or^dfrj it, and the world's hi$. 

who enjoys it, '" = • * '' ' 
Change of weather is the difcourfe 6f fobls. Hijp. 
Expeft not fair weather in wiriter oh ohe night's ice^ 
He that goeth out with often lofs, ' 
At laft comes heme by cc^^^/«f cYoft. 
Weight and meafure take away ilrife. 
-(^(d lie that doth welt wearieth not himfelf. 
ri t« ■ ' ^ . Well 

■ t 

JProveriial Senten^eu e^ 

Well to work and make a fire, ^y / 

It doth care and fkill require* 
Such a welcome fuch a farewel. 
fVelcome death, quoth the Rat, when the Trap fell 

As wdcome as flowers in May. 
I wept when I was born, and every day Ihews why. 
Wbores afFeft not you but your money. 
fVbinrif^ and bawdery do often end in beggery. 
A man's beft fortune or his worft is a wife. 
He that lets his wife go to every feaft, and his horfe 

drink at every water, Ihall neither have good 

wife nor good horfc. ItaL or tbus^ 

He that lets his horfe drink at every lake. 
And his wife go to every wake. 
Shall never be without a whore and ^ jade. 
Wife and children are bills of charges. 
Thecunning wife makesher hufband her apron.////! 
The wife is the key of the houfe. 
He that hath wife and children wants not bufinefs. 
Where the will is ready the feet are light. 
To him that wills ways arc not wanting. 
With as good a wiU as ever I came from fchooK 
He that doth what heav7/,oftdoth not what he ought 
WiU will have wilt, though will woe win. 
Nothing is impoffible to a willing mind. 
Willows are weak, yet they bind other wood. lial. 
Pull down your hat on the wind fide. 
A good Winter brings a good Sumn^er. 
Wine is the mafter'Ssbutthe goodnefs is the drawer's . 
Wine in the bottle doth not quench thethirft. ItaL 
Wine is a turn-coat, firft a friend,- then an cnemy« 
Wine that cods nothing is digefled e*re it be drunk. 
You cannot know wine by the barrel. \is. ' 

Wine wears no breeches.GtfiZ. i.t. Shews what a num 
You can't drive a windmiU with a pair of benowi? 
You may be a wife m^n tho'fou can't JDakeawatch> 
Wife mpp care not for what they cannot have. ^-^ 

C 4 None hf/0 

■ y 



<t4 Pf-overbial Sentences. 

None is fo ^'//^ but the fool overtakes him.' 
Better to have than wijb. ^ 

Better it be done than wtfi> it had been done. 
It's wis to picK a lock and ileal a horfe, but wk^ 

dom to let them alone. 
You have a little wit^ and it doth you good ibme- 

He had enough to keep the wolf from the door. 

7bai is J to fatisfy bis hunger^ latrantemftomucbum^ 
fi^flves lofc their teeth, but not their memory, i 
^ho hath a wolf for his mate, needs a dog for his 

man. Ital. , . > 

Who ^eeps company with the wolf will learn tp 

Cbi prattica con lupi impara a burlar. Ital. 
Wofnen^ priefts and poultry have never enough. 

Donne^pred (^poUi nonfon maifatoUi, ' * '. 

To woo is a ple^fure in a young man,a fault in an old 
Green wood makes a»hot fire.- : ' ' 

fTood half burnt is eafily kindled. 
You were better giye the w^^/ than the flieep. 

Meglio e dar la iana cbe lapecora: Ital.: 
'tJiSiXiv words will not fill a buihel. 
H^ords and feathers gre to^ by the wind. Hifp. 
Good words without deeds are ruflies and reeds. *. 
One ill word afketh another, 
fhey muft hunger in ft-oft^that will not work in heat- 
What is a workman without bis tools. 
There needs along time to know the world's piilfe. 
This world is nothing except it tend to another. 
A green w^iMu/ is foon healed. 
fFrangUrs never want words. 

, , . . . i . / « • 


npKE more thy years^ the nearer thy grave. 
. Toutb and white paper take any impreffion. 

ProverMs • 

{ S5. ) 

Proverhs and Proverbial Obfervations belonging 
to Healthy Diet and Pbyjick. 


N Ague in the Spring is Phyfick for a oS^S 

That is, if it comes ofF w^lh For an Ague is nothing elfc but 
a ftrbng fermentatioQ oT the blood. Now as in the fermentation 
of other liquorsytiiereis for the rooflparc a feparacionmade of that 
which is heterogeneous and unibciable, whereby the liquor be- 
comes more pure and defecate, fo is it alfp with the bloody 
which by fermentation (eaiily excited at this time by thefetura^ 
of the bun) doth purge itfelf, and cail off thpfe impure hetero- 
geneous particles which i^ had contrafled in the Winter time : 
>ind that theft may be carried away, after every particular fer- 
mentation or paroxyfm, and not again taken up by the blood» 
\i is il^ece^ary, or at lead very ufcful, to fweat in bed after 
every fir, and an \,"€"fi' ^^ not thought to go off kindly, un- 
lefs it ends in a fweat. Moreover, at the end of the difeafe 
it is convenient to purge the body, to carry away ihofe more 
grofs and feculent parts which have been feparated by the iev£- 
ral fermentations, and could not fo eaiily be avoided by fweat, 
or that ftill remain in the blood though not fuffident to caufe 
a paroxyfm And that all peHpns, especially thofe of years, may 
be leffoned that they negle^ not to purge their bodies after the 
getting rid of agues, I &all add a very material and ufeful obr 
fervation of Dodor Sidenham's, SuUato morbo (faith he, fpeak* 
ihg of autumnal Fevers) ^ger feduU pnrgandus eft \ inaredibik 
enim diQu quanta morborum vu ix fttrgatioms defeSupoAfebresAu^ 
tumnaUs fubnafaUurMiror autem hoc a wudicis minus caviri^ minus 
eiiam ddmomri* ^andocunque enim merborum akerutrum (Febrem 
tertianam out quartanam) paulo prove&iwisatatis bominibus accidijfe 
*vidit atqui purgationem eiiam omiffam\ certo pradicere potui peri- 
culofum afiquem morbum ee/dempofiea aderiturum, de qua iamen ilU 
Mudumfomniantraut^ quafi perjfe^^jam/anati* 

^ Aguc» 


26 Proverbial Ohferv^tiom 

^5^6 Agues come on horfeback, but go away on foot* 
A bit in the morning is better than nothing all 

day. ^ 

Ovy than a thump on the back with a^ftone. 
You eat and eat, but you do not drink to fill you* 

^ That much diinking takes off the edge of the Appetite to 
iQCtt,*wf. fee by experience in great dnnkers». who ifor^ khQ 
jfloft pirt do (as we fay) but pingle at their meat and eat little. 
Hiffocratej obferved of old, that AifMp ^v^ni^i >^vn ; A goo^ hear- 
ty draught takes away hunger afcer loog /filling fooner by far 
tnan eating would do. The reafon whereof I conceive is, be-* 
caufe that ac^id humoiir, which by Tellicating the membranes 
of the ilomach caufes a fenfe of hanger, is by copious ingeftion 
of drink very much diluted, and its acidity foon ts^ken qff. 

An apple, an egg and a nut, you may eat after % 


Poma^ ova atque ntuesj fi i4t tihifQrdida^ guftes. 

. ■ ' ■ 
Children and chicken mufi be always pickings 

That is, they muft eat often, but little at 4 time. Often, be- 
raufe the body growing requires much addition of food ; little 
at a time, for fear of opprefling and eating uifliing the natural 
beat. A Uttle oyl nourifbes the flames but a gr^ac deal pourec} 
on at once may drown and quench it. A man ms^ carry that 
by tittle ^nd httle, which if laid on his back at onde he would 
iink under. Hence old m^n, who in this refpeA ^|fi>, I mean by 
reafon: of the decay of their fpirits apd natural heat, do again 
become children^ are advifed by PhyAdans to eat often, bu^ 
Uttle at once- 
Old young and old long. 

Divienitofto vechiofernoi vivcre lungamente vccchio.//fl/, 
Matur} fias Jftnex fi dm Jkmx effe Wf/. This is' alJedged Js a^ 
Proverb by CicerQ in his book defetuituu. For as the body is 
preferved in health by moderate labour or e^cercife, fo by vio- 
lent and hnmoderate it is impaired and worn out. And as a 
great excefs of any quality or external violence doth fuddenly 
deftroy the body, fo a leger excefs doth weaken and partially 
defiroy it, by rendering it lefs lafting. * 

,. n They who would be young when they are 
^y muft be old when they are young. 




/When, the Fcrq is a^ high as a fpoon ' 6 <> 7 

Vyou may fleep an hour at noon. 

The cu^om of ikepuig afetv dinner in the faniiner lime }g 
now grown general in Italy and other hot CountHeii, fb that 
from one to three or four ^ the Clock in the Afternoon yon 
ihall fcaixe fee any one ftirring about theftreets of their ciciesv 
Scioia ^tmitoMa condemh& thia phtdtce» *^ ^nmix 4ui nultm 

riuu Hac tUi pr(iV€9umi tx /vmiB wuri/Han: £ut it may be 
this adyice was intended for ns EngUih (to whofe King this 
book wa& dedicated) rather than the Italians or ether inha- 
bitants of hot Covintriei» who in the Summer woald hav^ 
enough to do to keep jthemfelves waking after dinner. The 
beil way for us in colder climaties is altogether to abflain from * 
fkep'; but if we mnft needs fleep (as the Italian Phyficians 
advife) either to take a nod £uiog in a cjiair, or tf we lie 
down ftrip off oar cidthcs as at night, and go into bed, as the 
jprefentduke of Tufcany h^m&lf pra£tiies and adviies his fut« 
jetfls to do« but by nomenns lie down upon ajbed in our clothe^i 

When the Fern is as high as a ladle, ^ j 

You piay fleep as long as you are. able. / 
"^hcn Fern begiqs to look red ) ^ 

Th^n millc is good with brown bread. ^ 

It is observed by good hoofewi ves, that milk is thicker in the 
Autunin than in the Summier, notwithflanding the grafs mud: 
be more hearty, the juice <rf" it being better concord by the 
heat of the Sun in Summer 'time. I conceive the reafon to be^ 
4>ecaure thte cattle drink water abundantly by reafon of theis 
heat in Summer, which doth much dilute their milk. 

Every man is cither a fool or a Phyfician after 

thirty years of age* 
^Lfter dinner fit a while^ after fupper walk a mile. 

P^ iftdtuftabii fiftlfajjus miJU mealu. I know no reaibn for 
the difference, unlefs one eats a greater dinner than fupper.For 
when theftomachis full it is pot good to exercife immediately«but 
to fit 0)11 a while ; though 1 do not allow the reafon ufually gi- 
yen, *viz, becaufe exercife draws the heat outward to the exte- 
rior parts, and fo, leaving the.^mach and bowels cold,hinders 
concoction : For T believe that as we]i the Homach as the ex- 
terior parts are hotteft after exercife : And that thofe, who 
exercife moit conco^ molt and require moft meat. So that 
exercife immediately after meat is hurtful rather, upon ac- 
count of precipitating cQn€oftion> or turning the meat out of 

■ the ■ 




«8 ^'Prwerhial Obfervations 

the (tomacli .too ibon. As for the reafon they give for 
iUndin|^ or walking after meals, viz, becaufe the meat by that 
means is depreflfed to the bottom of the ftomach where the 
natural heat is moft vigorous, it is very frivotous, both becaufe 
the flomach is a wide veiTel, and fo the bottom of it cannot 
be empty, but what falls into it muft needs fall down to the 
))Ottom : And becaufe moft certainly the ftomach concof^swbrft 
when it is in a pendulous poftufe, as it is while we are ftanding; 
Hence,as theLord Ferulam tnily,obferves,ga^ly ilaves and fachas 
exergife fitting, though they fsrre meanly and work hard yet are 
commonly fat ^d fiefhly;. whereupon alfo he commends thoie 
works of exercifes which a man itiay perform fitting, as (awing 
with a hand faw and the like. Some turn, this faying into a drou 

I • • • ■ - ' ' 

. After dinner flccp a while, after fupper go totk^d. 

An old Phyfician a young Lawyer, '. V 

•* . . . ' • ' ' • ' . ' ' i- ■ 

-- An old Phyfician becaufe of his experience; a young Law* 
yer, becaufe he having but little oraAicd will have leift|]re^ 
cnoueh to attend your bufinefs, and defirinc; thereby t^^ recom- 
mend himfelf and eet more, wiB be very diligent in it. The 
Italians iky, An old Phyfician>v a ydungBar.ber. ' ;;. 

A good Surgeon muft have an E^^e's eye» a 

Lion's heart, and a Lady's hand.;,. ■ .. . 
' Good keal is half a meal, 

Keal, I. i. Pottage of any kind, though properly Keal be. 
pottage made of Colworts, which the Scots call Keal, and of^ 
which nfually they make their broth, 

^f you would live eycr^ you muft walh niilk 
from your Liver. 

Vin furlaidl cVft fouhait, La76l fur vin c^eft v^nin. G^/.This 
is an idle old fawe,for which I can ice no reafon but rather for the 
contrary. . • 

Butter is gold in the morning, filver at noon, 
lead at night. 
/^ '/ 5 He that would live for ay muft eat Sage in May.' 

' That Sage was by our anceflors efteemed a very wholeibme 

herb, and much conducing to longevity, appears by that verle 
in Schola Salermtofm* 

Cur moriaSut homo cut Salvia crefcii in boric f 



bebnging id Health , &c. 29 

Aftcfr chcefc comes nothing. -^ / ^ 

An egg and to bed. / 

You mud drink as much after an egg as after an 

This Is a fond and ungrounded old faying. 

Light fuppers make clean fheets. 

He thai goes to bed thirfty rifes healthy. Gall. 

He that goes to bed thirfty, &fr. I look upon this as a very 
good obfervation^and fhould advife all perfons not to go to bed 
with their ftomachs full of wine, beer, or any other liquor.For 
(as the ingenious Dodlor L^ovrrobferves) nothing can be more 
injurious to the brain ; of which he gives a mofi rational and 
true account, which take in his words. Cum emm propter prth- 
clivem corporis Jitum urina annihus /ecreta non ita facile \^ prompt 
uti a/m ere^ij'umus in fvejicatn per uteres deiabatur, Cumque 'vefica 
cemjix ex prtklinfiJHu urina pondere non adeo gra^vetur ; atque/pi-* 
ritihtu per fimnum in cerebrum aggregatis IS quiefcentibust 'vefica 
onerss ejus fenjum non ita percipiat^ fed officii quafi oblita ea copia 
nrime aliquando difendstuTt ut majori reeipienda J^atium ^vix detur 
indijit utproptur impeditum per renes IS ureteres urina decurfum in 
totum corpus regwrgitet^ IS nifi diarrhcea proximo mane fucadatp 
out noBurno Judore e*vacuetury in cerebrum deponi debet. Tradl de 
Corde.c 2.p.l4i« ^i coucbe a^vec lafoif fe Unje avec lafante. 

One bourns Jleep before midnigbfs worth two hours 

For the Sun being the life of this Sublunary world, who^e 
heat caufes and continues the motion of all terreftrial animals, 
when he is fartheft oC that is about midnight, the fpiritsi of 
themfelves are apteft to reft and compofe, fo that the middle 
of the night muft needs be the moft proper time to fleep in, 
eipecially if we consider the great expence of fpirits in the 
day time, partly by the heat of the Afternoon, and partly bjr 
labour ana the conftant exercife of all the fenies : Whereibre 
then to wake is to put the fpirits in motion, when there are 
feweft of them, and they naturally moft fluggilh and unfit for it« 

Who goes to bed fupperlefsy all night tumbles and 

This is an Italian Provirb, Chi va iiletto fensa cenaTnto nottr' ^ -^^ 
^ dimcQa. That is, if a man goes to Bed hungxy, otherwxiCff He 



that eats a plentiful dinner cUQf well ntBofd to go to bed ftiper-^ 
lefs, unlefs he hath ufed rome iiroit^ bodily labeur <Hr tS^cifc. 
'Certatnly it is not.^ood to^o to,on?s refttUl theftoixiax;]i tewell 
emptied, that is, if we eat fdppiefS, tTll two Hours at leaif'after 
fupper. For (as the old Phy^cians tell us) though th^ fecotid 
and third conco£lions be beil performed in fleep ; yet tlie firft, 
is rather difturbed and perreited. IF it be ob)e^d, thstt la- 
Itouring people do not obferve fuch rule^ but do both go to bed 
prefentiy after fupper, and to w6rk aftet dinner, yet «^o more^ 
Aealthfal tkan they ; I anfwer that che caft Is di^rentt for 
though by fuch pra^ice they do turn their meat out of tbeir 
ikinadis before full «n4 perfe^ €<Mi<H)£tion, ahd 16 fnuMpljr 
csmde kmiiioiirs, yet they work taiA iweat dten ont amni, 
'^hick ftudt!nt6 aiid iedentary Ip6ffbfis do ttot. Indet^temie 
mn who Kave aijpeedy cimt<3K^ti«n ind Itot hnint nwft, to pro* 
core dzcfy eat Something at flight wl^ch may fend np gentle 
-vapovirs into die kn&td, And compofe ^ fpirits, Clit oen ctmi 
htn dorilie.. //d/. 

^H^ 0/>(?» and Utile eating makes a man fat. 
Fifli muft fwim thrice. 

Ontein the water, afecond time in the fauce, and a Aird 
trme in wine in the iftoiwach. Poiifon, gorret & cochin vjc en 
l>eau, Sc tnort en rin. Gt^* Pifh ai^d young fwine live in w4« 
ter and die in witr^. 

Driiik wine and have the goat^ and drink tie 

wine and have the gout too/- 

With thisfaying,intemperateperfQns that have orfeartke gout, 
encourage themfelvcs to proceed in drinking wine notwith- 

Young mens kiiocks old ineii feel. 
^ie peecamus Juvenes ea tuimus fenes. 

. Go CO bed with the lamb» and rife wrth the kric^ 
Eariy to go to bed and early to rife, makes a 

man healthy, wealthy, and wife. 
Walh your hands often, your feet fcldom, and 
your head never. 
fjO Eat at pleafure, drink by meafure. 

ms is a French Frmjerb. Pain tint qu'i dure, vin i mefure, 
and they themfelves obferveit.For no people eat more bread,nor 
indeed h^ve better toeat : And for wine the moft of them drink it 
well dilut^and never to any excefs that I could obferve. 1%^ 

* ■ 





behiiging ti HMth^ 6oci ^1 

halians haw ibis/c^g Ji^ewifii, fast mcntfv don ma Tin loni^ 


It digeft3 all things but itfelf. ^ 

This is a tranflatioa df tiiM 6ld rfif miiig Latift veHe, <ur<» 

The beft Phyficians art, Dn Diet, Dr. Quiet, 
, aiid i>r; Merry man. 

- • ■ '" 

Tki^i^ ttothiii^ but ckatDiiflicii bf ^c^faSaUrnillana^thgtHhed. 
Hac tria mens lata, realties, moderata dise^ 

, DriiUc In the morning ftarkig,\ 

Theo aU ihc4ay be iparing.vA • 

• Eat a tyit beftrtt yt>u dritik. '^ 
^ reed iMrlY^Tv ^d defy ^^ 
. Better be mie^ls maay toaa one too meirry^ • 

^6u Ih^Mikl 'liever touch your eye but vrich yxTtff * 
elbow. . , : . 

fd ihiffe IJbaUadd afewFtencb andlialian Proverbs. 

TEnez chaud \c jHed Sc la tefte, Atn demeur^nt 
vhrez en ixfte. Whi€;h Mr.Cfitp'ave englifkes 
thus. The head and feet 'kc|>t t^armt the fdt will — 
take no harm. 

Jeun chair & veil poiiSbn. i. e. Young flelh and — 

old fifli are beft. 
Qui vin ne boit s^rerlakde, eft en danger eftre 
malade. i. e. He i^iat drinks not wine after 
falade is in danger <xf being fick. 
Di giorni quanto vol, di notte quanto poi. i. e. 
Cover your head by day as much as you willy b^ *-- 
night much as you can. 
II pelTe gauafta Tacqua, la carne la concia. ;. e. 
Fi/hfpoils waUr^ but flejh mends it. — -^ 

Pome, ^/^/ 


J a Pr^eriiil Ohfervatitms. 

. PortTc, pcrc & nocc Guaftano la voce. 
^ C*^ Apples i pears and nuisfpoil the voice. 
' Fcbre quartana Ammazza i vccchii, & i giovani 

A ^artan Ague kills old men and heals young. 
. Pcfcc, oglio, & amico vecchio. 
Old fijb^ old oih and an old friend are the beft. 
Vitello, pullaftro & pefce crudo ingraffano i ci- 
^ mitcrh. i. c, Rawpulkyn^ veal and Ji/h make the 
church-yards fat. 
Vino dt mezo, oglio di fopra, & miele di ibcto* 
Of wine the middle^ of oil the top^ and of honey the 
boUom is be/i. 

^ Macrob Satorn. lib. y.'C. is. f^tuero igtiir^ Cur oleum fuedim 
Jkmmo efty nnmm fuoj in midi0f milqmod infimdo opiiwuim iffe ere* 
drntUur* Nic cunaaius Difirms 4t>» Mtlqiodoftiwittm eft reBqitm 
ftndifjhu eft. In 'vaje egitmr mellis pars ana in imo eft rdifuis 
fraftat pondere^ li ideofupemaUmiefretiefar eft. Contra in vafi 
nnnipan inferier admxthwe facie men mode turhuUnta^ft^f^far' 
f§re deierier eft ^ pan Hterejimma aerie wcinid cammifiiMr, bfc. 

Aria di fineftra colpo di baleltra. i. e. The air ef 

a window is as ihejlroke of a crojf-bow. 

.Afciuto il piede calda la teila^ e dal redo vive 

• •• da beftia. i. c. Keep your feet dry and your bead 

hot J and for the reft live like a heaft. * 

Fifcia chiaro &: incaca al medico, i. c Pifs cltar 

yCO - and defy the Pbyjician. 


v. * 





t 3J 1 

Proverbs and Proverbial Obfervations 
concerning Hujbandry, Weather y and 

the Seafons of the Tear. 

JANIVEER freeze the pot by tlic. fire. * 7'^^ 
If the grafs grow jn Janiveer, V' 
It grows the worfe for't all the year.) 

There'! no general rule without Tome exception ; for in the 
year i667,the winter was fo tDild, that thspaflures were very 
green in Jannuy, yet was there fcarce ever known a plentifuUcc 
crop of hay than the fummet following. 

When Candlemas-day is come and gone\ 
The fno_w lies' on a hot ftone. / 

February fill dike. Be k black or be if white ^ 
But if it be white. It's the better to like. / 

Plnye de Fcfamicr vaat «a gtini ik fenier. G«K Snow bringt 
, adonbleadvuiugcjItBOtoBlypnfentithcconi from the uc- 
tenie&ofthe froft ud coldtbut cniidw* tha froand by Teafoa.of 
the nitrau fait which it it fnppoM to coBtna. I have oblerved 
the Alps and other high naantaJnicaTcrcd all ihe wiater with 
ipfOWfmnafKMt is mclied utbicomelike agardcn.lbfullof \wx- 
nriaatpUnu and variety of flowers Itia worth the noibg. that 
' nMaiitaJnoni ^apu arc for the moft pan larger than t&ife-of 
the famr^Mw which grow in lower clvunds i and that thele 
'fhowy Mwnwffip" afford greater v. ol n than plain 

coDiitrio. ' - 

Febmeer coth cuC tnd ttA 
AU the mortbi in theycW 
' or thus. 

34 Proverhial Obferoatiom 

^/^ The . Wckhman had rather fee his dam on the 
/ bifer, than to fee a fair Februeer. 

March in Janiveer,Janiveer in March 1 fear. - 

March hack hadfi, toints in like a lion, goes oot 
Eke a lamb. 

A bufhel of March duft i$ worth aKing*s ranfbm* 

March grais never did good. ' 

March wind and May fun, makes cbthes white 
and maid's dun. 
. Msu'ch many weatiienu 

April fliowers bring forth May. flowers. 

When April blbws nts horn, lt% good both for 
hay and corn. 

That lAy #he«L fc t^ndeM in April ; fcr thmider is nfniiBy 
accoxnpained Ath rain. % 

April borrows three days of Marcth and they are 

An April flood carries away the frog and her 


X A cdd May aiid i ^itiAy mak^s & fall batu Wid 
ajindy, . , 

The merry month of May. 

May , come flie eaffly or come ft^e Iate,£he'il make 
thefowto quakc^ 

May feMom ptittnfvMbm^ brant i$£kM weaditr. Somier will 
&ave it ibtKy fiicil brhigtke C&^^qtuAt^ u e» Grmmgm triwrnktm^ 
which is trtte/batlftqqmbtioctheintexitofdieProverb 

A May flood rfever did good. 
Look at your corn in May, and youH! cci^e 
ifiM^eping away : Look at the iame in June,and yoo^ll 
conie home ifi iMKitbcr tune. 

Sheer your Sheep in May, and fliccr ihem all 
J A fwarm of Beea in May^ is worth a load of hsiy^ 

^ h But ihrmrsi in July, is not worth a fly. 

/ When 


coficernhg tiufi^andry^ dec. 3 J 

When the wind's in the Eaft, It's neither good f^r V^ ^ 
man nor beaft. * / 

Tke £ail-wind with as is commonly very fharp, becaufe it 
comes off the Continent, Midland Countries of the iamo lati- 
tude are generally colder than maritime, and Continents than 
lilands : and it is obferved in EMglamd that near the Tea /ide,a(» 
in the County of Cornwall^ ftc. the fhow feldom lies three days. 

When the wind's in the South, It's in the rain'^s 

This is an obfervation that holds tr«e ^1 over tuffe ; 4n4 
I believe in % great part of ^fia too. For Italy and Grtice tht 
ancient Latin and Grtfh l:^oets wio^^fs i ^s Ovid, Madi^^s notut 
^volat alis, and fpeaking of the South, Metamorp, i . he faith, 
Contraria tellus nubibus ajfifyis plu*woft^e nuukjcit ab 4^ft^^* Hf- 
mer calls the North wind M^fnytnyns^ Plinjf faith. In iotum <venfi 
cmncii Sjeftentrio/ie Jfcciores quim h meridie. iib, ;. cap* 47. For 
yndif a in Afia the Scripture gives teflimony ; Pww. xxr« 23. 
The North-iwind drives aw^ raw. Wherefore by tho rule qf 
contraries, the South-wind i^ufl; bring it. The reafon of thb 
with the ingenious Philofopher pes Cartes I conceive to be,be^ 
caufethofe countries )vhichlie under and near to the cou He of the 
Sun, being fufHciently heated by his almoft perpendicular 
beams, fend Qp a mnUitttde of Tuppurs into the air^ wllifh bo* 
ing kept in conftant agitation by the fame heat that raifed 
them, require a gjvat fpace to fKrlbrm their motions S«« and 
new flill afcendine they muft needs be call offpart to the South 
and part to the North of the Sun's oonrfe; ib that were there 
no ivinds cl^e pgrts of the earth Covyfu-cl^ tb^ North ^d South 
poles would be moft full of clouds and vapours. Now t&e 
North-wind blowing keeps back thofe v^jipoors, and cauftis . 
clear weather in thefe Northen part»: bat the South-wind 
brings ftore of them along with it, which hy the cold of the 
f^r are here coadonied into cloud^^ iumL uU down in rain. 
Which account is confirmed by what .P/rVjf reports of Jfrica^ 
loc. cit, Permutant & duo naturum cumjitn: Anfter Africa fe^ 
renui^ Aquilo mtbilus* The reafoa is, bep^uie ^rica being un- 
der or near the courfe of the Sun, the South- wind carries away 
4he vapours ther^ afcending ; but thp North-wind ^eUuns 
them, and fo partly by compreffing, partly by cooling them 
caufes them to condeuft und def^enil iaflipwm^ 

When the wind^s in the South, 

Ic blows the bait into the filhes mo^tb- 
No weather is ill, if the wind be Hill. 
A hot May niakcs a fat Chuich-ywd.: ' , • ujj . </.* ' 

D 2 . AfpKgik J ^ 



36 • proverbial Otjetvatiom 

A green winter makes a fat Church-yard. 

This Proverb was fufficiendy confuted Anno 1 66'^^ in whicSt 
the winter was very mild ; and yet no mortality or Epidemi- 
tal difeaie enfued the Summer or Autumn foUowlRg. We 
have entertained an opinion, that froiiy weather is the moft 
JiealthfuU and the hardeH winters the bcft. But 1 can ibe no 
rcafon for it» for in the hottell countries of the world, as Bra- 
xilj &c. Men ace l<mgelt lived were they know not what 
froll or fnpw means, the ordinary age of man being an hun- 
dred and ten years : and here in England we fouiKl by expe- 
rience, that the laft great plague fucceeded one of the (harpeft 
frofty winters that hatb lately happened. 

Winter never rots in the Iky. 

Ne caUoy ne gelo rejla mat in cielo. Ital. 

Neither heat nor cold abides always in the iky* 
it's pity fair weather fliould do any harm. 
Hail brings froll in the tail. 
A fnow year, a rich year. 

jinno di neve anno di bene. Ital. 
A wii>ter*s thunder's a fummer's wonder. 

Quand il tonne en Man^«n pent dire helas* GalL 


Drought nevor bred dearth in England. 
'Whofo'hath but a mouth, ihall ne'er in Engla$td 

iufftr droughth. v./» 5^;^/^/r/. 
When the fand doth feed the clay (which is'm4 

wei/ummer) England wo and well-a-day : 
But when the clay doth feed the tind (which irim 

a dr^fummer) Then it is well with England: ;' 

l^ecaufe there is mofe day than fandy ground ib Engfmni.^'"^ . 

The wOrfc for the rider, the better for the: U^liiri'^ 

Bon pais mauvais chemin. GcJl. Richland,' bad way. -^•' 


When the Cuckow comes to the bai< chom^ ! / 

Sell your cow and buy you corn s 
But when Ihe comes to the full bit,- 

Sell your corp and buy you fheep. 

"^i l\ Q«1] «r/%iir> i-r^rt^ 4nr4 KtiTf trntl Ot^^v^ , ^ r. 

• * 



cone erni fig Ilujbahdryy &c. 37 

If the cock moult before the hen, \ VS"^ 

We (hall have weather thick and thin : . ^ ' ^ 

But if the hen moult before the cock, ) ^' 
We (hall have weather hard as a block. 

Thefc prognoflicks of weatker and future plenty, &c. I look 
upon as altogether uncertain ; an4 were jhejr nar;*o\vly ob- 
ibrved would, I believe, as often mifs as l^it. 

In the old of the moon, a ck>udy morning bodes ^ 

fair afternoon. 
As the days lengthen, fo tl)e cold ftrengthens. 

Crefce di crefce^l frtddo dice il pefiador. Ital. 

The reafon is, for that the earth having been well heated by 
the Sun's long lying upon it in Samnjer time, is not fudJenly 
cooled agai^ by the recefs of cli£ Sun, but retains part of its 
warmth 'dli after the Winter Solflice : which warmth, not*- 
withilanding the return and acccfs of the Sun, mud needs 
llill lanquifh and decay, and fo notwithftanding the lengthen- 
i})g of the dayi the weather grows colder, 'till the external 
heat caufed by the Sun is greater than the remaining internal 
heat of the earth, for as long as the external .is lefTer f han thp 
internal (that is, fo long as the Sun hath not force enough to 
produce as great a heat in tfaue earth as was remaining from 
the lail Summer) folong the internal m«ift needs decreafe.The 
like reafon there is w)iy the hotted time of the day is not 
juil at noon, b^t ab^ut t^yoof th^ clock ip the afternoon, an4 
the liotteit time of the year not juft at the Summer Solftice, but 
about a month after, becaufe 'till then the extern^ heat of 
the San is greater than th<? heat product in the earth. So 
if yoa put a piece of iron into a very hot fire it will not 
fiiddeoly be heated fo hot as the fire can make it ; and though 
you abate your fire, before it be thoroughly heated^ yet wi|l 
It ^row^ hotter and hotter, *tiU it comes to that degree of heat 
which the fire it ii Ok can ^ive it. 

If there be a rainfcyiw in the eve, k will rain and ^ 
leave : But if tliere be a rainbow in' the morrow, 
iC will neich^ icpd aor borrow. 

An evening fed and aoMrning gray. Is a fignof a 
fair day; -..;:-. 

Le roage (bir & Uanc nai lir le peIeriihG«//. Se^a 

TottaiSc negro aatino Alt^ ^'^^ A red evening ^ 

ud » wblte morniiiii 


38 Proverbial Oifervatim ^ 

K^ /} When the clouds are upon the hill^ they'll com* 

down bv the mills. 
David and Chad fow peafe good or bad* 

That is, about the beginning of March, 

This rule in gardening never forget, 

To fow dry, and fee wet. 
When the floc-jrce's as white as a fliect. 

Sow your barley whether it be dry or wet. 
Sow beans in thcmud,and they'll grow like wood. 
Till St. James his day be -come and gone. 

You rtiay have hopi or you may have none. 
The pidgeon never kiyowetb wo. 

But when fhe doth a benting go. 
If the Patridge Jiad the woodcock's thigh. 

It would be the beft bird that ever djd fly. 
Yule is good on yule even. 

That IS) as I underftand it) every thing in his reajTcm* Yi^f 
is Chrtftmas, 

Tripe*s good meat if ijt be well wip'd. 

A Michaelmas rot comes ne'er in the pot. 

A nag With a we^mb and a mate with nean, /. ^ 

Behind before, before behind, ^ hrfe is in dofigii^ 

to he pricked. 
You muft look for grafs on the top of the oak preij. 

Becanfe the graft feldom fprittgs well beforfe the oak bejguaiii 
to put forth, as might hgve been bbferved the lailyear, 

St. Matthie fends fap into the tree. - 

A famine in England begins ^t jtj)e horfe-manger. . 

In oppofition to the rack : for in dry years when hay is . 
dear, cdmmonly corn is ckeap ; bitt when ^ts (or fnoabd, 

;iny one grain) is dedr, the reft are feldom cheap. 

Winter's thunder and Summer's flood, 
^jf',^ Never bqded Englilhman gopd. 

Butter'; . . 


concerning Hujbandry^ £cc. 39 

Butter's once a year in the cow's horn. ' / 

They mean when the cow gives no milk. And butter i^ 
faid to be mad twice a year ; once in Summer time in veiy 
hot weather, when it is too thin and fluid : and once in win- 
ter in very cold weather, whjso it i$ too hard and difficult to 


" / 

Barley-ftraw'sgoodfodderwhcn the cbwgives water. 
On Valentine's day will a' good goofe lay. 
If (he be a good goofe her dame well to pay. 

She will lay two eggs before Valentine's day. 
Before St. Chad every goofe lays both good and bad. 
It rains by planets. 

This the Country people ufe when i$ r^ins in one place and 
not in another : meaning that the fhowers arc governed by 
the PlacetSywhich being erratick in their o)vn motions, caufe 
fuch uncertain wandering of clouds and falls of rain.Or it rain s 
by Planets, that is, the falls of fhowcrs are ^s yo^.eirtai9 as tlie 
motions of the Planets sure imagined to be. 

If Candlemas-day be fnir and bright, _. 

"Winter will have another flight : 
If on Candlemas-day it be (hower and. rain, 

Winter is gone and will not come again. 

Thii is a txanflation or metiapbraie of that old Latin Didich ; 

Si Sol fpkndefcat Maria purificante^ 

Major crit glades poft fejium quam fuit ante. 

Now though I think all obfenrations about particular days 
fuperftitious andfrivolons, yetbecauie probably if the wea- 
ther be fair for fome days about this time of the year, it may 
betoken firoft, I have put this down as it was delivered me. 

£tfnftfi[ybrighc.theIonjEeilday apd the ftorte ft night, 
Lucy light, the (honcft day abd the longeft night. 
St. Baribolemew brings the cold dew. 
St. Matily all the year goes by. 

Becau&in Leap-yewtlie fapeniiiiiiarwydqru tl(eiii|itnpalatedf 

^t. i^tbee (hut w rhtBee. ' 


40 Proverbial Obferoailmt 

St. Falenlinej fct thy hopper by mine. ' 

St. MattbPj take thy hopper and fow. 
St. Benedick^ fow thy peafe or keep them in thy rick. 
Red herring ne'er fpakc word biit een» 

Broil my back but not my weamb. 
Said the Chevin to the Trout, 

My head's worth all thy bouk. 
Meddlers are never good till they be rotten. 
On Candlemas-day you muft have half youiT ftraw 

and half your bay. 
At twtlfth-day the days are lengthened a,Cock*5- 

ftride. The Italidns fay at Cbrijimah ' 
A cherry year, a merry year : 
A plum year, a dumb year. 

This is a puerile aod fepfelefs rhyme without reaibn^ as 

6r as I can fee; • ' •• - '■' ' '' " 

• ■ ■ '•> 

Set trees at Alhallontide and command them to 
profper : Set them aftei* Candlemas and ehtredt 
them to grow. 

This Dr. 7. Beal alkdgcth as an old Englifli an^ Welch Pro- 
verb, concerning Apple and Pear-trees» Oak and Hawthora 
quicks ; tho' he is of Mr. Retd^^ opinionv that* i^'s bell '\» 
remove fruit-trees in the fpring, rather than the Winter. Plii- 
lofoph. Tranfadt. N. 71. • 

If you would fruit have, : 

Q(^\ You muft bring the leaf to the grave. 

That is, you muft tranfplant your trees, juft about die fi^ 
of the leaf, neither fooner nor much later : not fooner, bss* > 
caufe of the motion of. the fap ; not later, that they. 
hjjiYe tim^ to take root before the deep frofts. 


■n ^ 


cmcermng Hvfiandryt Sec. 41 

TV tbefe I fitaU adjoin a few Italian. 

PRimo porco, ultimo cane. i. e. Tbefirftptg^ hut ^02^ 
the laft whefp 0/ the litter is the beft. 
L'avallo & cavalla cavalcald in Ta la jpalla, Alino 

& mulo cavalcalo in fu'l culo. i. c. Ride a berft 

and a mare en the Jhoulders-, an afs and a mule on the 

A buon' hora in pefcaria & tardi in beccaria. 

Co earfy to the fijh-market^ ^ late to the butchery, 
Al amico cara li il Bco, Al inimico il Pcrlico. 
Pill afig for your friend, and a peach for jom- tnem* ^; f- 1' 

{ 4a 3 


Proveris and Proverhial Obfervathm 
referring to Lovey Wedlocky and 

LOVE mc little and love me long. 
Hot love is foon cold. 
Love of lads and Bre of chats is fbon in and G>on 
out. DarbiS). 

Lads love's a bufk of broom, Hot a while and 

foon done. Cbejh. 
Love will creep where it cannot go. 
Chi ha amor nel petto ha le fprone ne i fianchi. 
He that bath levi in bis kreafi hatbjpitrs ii$ bisJ4*9.» 
Love and Lordfhip tile? no ftllowfhip. 

Amor k Cetgnorit non TOgliono coiDpagnii. Ittl. . 
JVigneurie ne Te tindrent jamaii cpnipagnie. G^ll. T'hc meat- 
iKg nf Mr Englifi Prmitri iit hotWt and Princei cannot endare 
rivals or partners. OmKiJquifii^at Jmpatimt 
The Italian KtAFrtnch, thoagh tbe Tame ii 
t JiJferent fenfe, •oix. Naa i^ ttmiMmimt. 
tar Majefiai W amir. ^ 

Love is blind. 

Lovers live by love, as Larks bj leeks. 

This is I conceive in derilion of fnch expreffions ai'3 
bf love. Larki snd leeks begioiuDg with tfae fxlti^ 
Mlped it up to be « Proverb, 


Priverhial Okferoatiens^ &c. ^^ 

Follow love and it will flee, S'/-^ 

Flee lore and it will follow thee. 

Thit wat want t? be faid«fgloi7, StfmfUfm/i^k,/i^uKtm 
Ji^mtar- Jnft like alhadow. 

Love and peafe-pottage will make their way. 

fiecanle one breajts the belly, tlu other the heart. 

The love of a woman and a bottle of wine. 

Are fweet for a feafon, but loft for a time. 
Love comes in at the windows, and goes ouc at the 

Love and a CQUgh cannot he i'td, 

Aracr tujJlfjiuM* ahxtur. The Fre/Kb and ItaUmn add m 
ihefe two the itch. L'amour, la toufle& la f^De ne fe peu> 
Vent celer. Qidl. Amor la rogna k la jouOe oon li porma 
nitconiete. Ilai, Others add flink. 

Ay be as merry as be can. 

For loye ne'er delights in a forrowful man. 

Fair chieve all where love trucks. 
— Whom we love beft, to them we can fay leaft. 
^ ( He that loves glafs without G. 
' ^ Take away L, and that is he. 

Old pottage is fopner heated, than new made. 

gldloven Mien oat are fbonerrecondled thennewloi'e's bcgnn. 
ay the Comedian Ijutli, Amaaitm ir* amorit rtdimtiffraiia eft. 

Wedlock is « padlock. 

Age and wedlock bring a man to his night-cap. 

Wedding and ill wintering, tame both man and beafl 

Marriages are made in heaven. iVozz; fc? magijira- 
lo dot cielo eid:Jiina. Ital. 

Marry in haftc and repent at leifure. 
Ijt's good to marry late or never, 
fwarry your Sons when you will, your Daoghtei* 
. , when yon can. 
[ iMarry your Daughters bctiniM, left they marry 

ihcmfclvcs. I've ^31-. 

^4 Proverbial Obfervdtiom 

Tvc cur'd her from laying i'th'hcdgc, quoth' the 
good roan when he had wed his daughter. 

Motions are not marriages. 

More longs to marriagc,than four bare legs in abed. 

Like blood, like good, and like age, make the hap- 
picft marriage, 

JEquaUm uxorem qiuere, tdv Karl vainl* iXa. Unequal mar- 
riages ftldom prove happy. Si quam *yc!es dpte maert irnii 
fmri. Ovid. ttUoUrahiUus nihil eft quimfaemna iitinfis. Juvenal* 

Many an one for land takes a fool by the hand. 

i. e. marries her or him. 
He that's needy when he is married, Ihall be rich 

when he is buried. 
Who weds e're he be wife, fhall die eVe he thrive. 
It's hard to wive and thrive both in<a year. 
Better be half hang'd than ill wed. 
He that would an old wife wed, mud eat an apple 

before he goes to bed, 

• • ■ "i 

Which by realbo of it's flatulency is apt to excite luft. 

Sweet-heart and Honey-bird keeps no houie. 
Marriage is honourable,but houfe-keeping's a flireir 
Wi batcbelors gritty but you married mn laugh . tiU 

yotfr hearts ake. _ 

Marriage and hanging go by deftiny. 
It's time to yoke when the cart comes to the capk^ 

i. e. horfcs. Cbe/b. 

•■ . » 

That is, It's time to ma.rry when the woman woes the maiu 

Courting and woing brings dallying and doiifg. 
Happy is the woing that is pot long in doii\g* 
"Widows are always rich. 

He that woes a maid muftcome feldom in her fight: 
But he that woes a widow mud woe her day ai!id 


teferring to Love^ &c. 45 

He that woes a maid mufl: feign, lie, and Hatter : 
But he that woes a widow, muft down with his 
breeches and at her. 

This Proverb being fomewhat imxnodefl;,- 1 fhonld not havfc 
inferted, bup that 1 met with it in a Jittle book, entitled^ 
The Quakers fpiritual Cou\rt proclaimed^ written by Ait* 
thanael Smithy Student in Phyuck : Wherein the Aathor 
tne ntions it as Counfel ^ven him by one HiUiab Bidf^rd^ aa 
eminent Quaker in London* who would hare had him to htre 
married a rich widow, in whofe houfe, in cafe he could jget 
her, this Natbanael Smith had promifed HiUtiah a chamEtt' 
gratis. The whole narrative is very well worth the reading. 

It's dangerous marrying a widow becaufe ihe hath 

caft her rider. 
He that would the daughter win, 

Muft with the mother firft begin. 
. A man muft afk his wife leave to thrive. 
He that lofeth hi^ wife and (ix-pence hath loft a 

Cbe perde moglie & nn quatrino^ ha gran perdita del 

quatrino. Itai. 
' He that lofeth hts wife aiid a farthing hath a great 

lofs of his farthing. 
Th^re is one good wife in the Country, and every 

' man thinks he hath her. 
Wives muft be had, be they good or bad. 
He that tells his wife news, is but newly married. 
A nice wife and a back door, do often make a rich 

man poor^ '^ 

Sairh iSolomon the wife, 

A good wife's a goodly prize^ 
A dead wifc^s the beft goods in Ji man's hoafe. ' . 
Long-tongued wives go long with btiro. . 
A man of fir aw ^ is worib a woman of gM. • ^O 

Thit is a French Prowi. Ua Imimds de.ptfllc VaftjjRftt 
femme d*or. , ": 

One tongue is enough for ji woomiu 

This reafon they give that would not have 


*46 Pmeriiaf Oi/ervOfim 

.A woman's tongue wags like a lamb's t^iL 
Strce women mda g^oje maki a markii. 

Thii is an Italian om. Tre donne k an occa hn un ikiercateXi 

' A Ihip -aiid a woman arc ever rapeiring. 
. A fpaniel, a wonvatf, and t walnut-trce# 

The more Uiey're beaten the better 1(111 thc;y l)c« 
Nux^ ^Jinusj mulier JimU fuHi lege ligafa. 
Hec tria nil retiefaduntfi verbara eejfime. 
/iddtuitur a Cognato^ efi tamen novum. 
All women are good, viz. either good for fomcth(f^ 

or good for nothing. 
Women laugh when they can^ and weep when the? 

will . • -.r 

Femme rit ^oaad «lte pent & fpleiMquand ells vci^ tUIL 

Women think Place a fweet fifh. 
A wpnoan C0Acea]s what (he knows not. 
Women and dogs fet men tpgpther by the cars. 
As ^reat pity tp fee a wpman weep, as ;» ]goofe gt> 

\Wiotcr-we«h?r and womeos thpvights change 4>^ 
A woman's mind and wia&cr#wind changp oft. 
There's/no mif^p^ief in the world dpne. 

But a woman 15 always one. 
:J[ toicktd woman and an evil^ Is three balf-fmcevmfe 

than the Devil. 
The more women look in their glafles^ tbe.1e& 

they look xp their boufcs. 
A woman's worl^ ik never at aft end. Some addp agd 

Change of women niake^ bald knaves. 
Every man can tame a (hrew, buc he that hath hen 
Better be a fhrew than a (beep. 

. For commonly Arews :in good lioufe-wives. 



rtfaring tB LoWrtoc*^ f^ 

Better one houfe SStA th«n two feiU'd. 

This wc afc when w<? h^^ pf ft bad Jack whp h^th mamqd 
SB bad a Jin. Fpr a^ it is IkSd Of Bdnti^, ju6 commumt #9 «ir- 
//W ; So by the rule of oondmeiy What isrSl^ the ftuther k 
fpreads the worjb. And ai in a city ^t isjbetttf thcM fltoulA 
be one lazarem^ and (hat filled with di« inf«Sted, tha^ niafcfc 
every houfe in town a Peft-h0ufe» they dweUing (Hi^xifiif 
or fingly : So is it iti a tie!ghbourht)od>a^ 

Old maids lead apes in helU 

Batchelqrs wive$ aod^did$ children ^re alwdf s well 

Cbi non ha moglie ben la vefie. 

Chi wn hafgliwUien lij^e. 

Maidens tnuft be feen ana n6t Ixtttrd. 

A dog*s nofe and a ^atid^ knee^ ivt alwtys cold. , 

YAing wenches nidtc bid WfendifeS. 

^As tbe (pood itiknihitht fa&y we» 

But 4» the goodMtinnan faith, to it muft be. - 
Better be an old maoU <^liag9 tk^ a youing mafil^ 

t .i 7* • O •* • »■ t V » 

A grunting horfe and a groaning wife leldoni*fail 

In time coiMl ^e w4iom God fends. '^ 

He tbiM; oiarrtes a widow and thr^^ cUldreOyOA^cn^i 

Two daughters and a back door are three errant 
••' 'tMeifts. '' '■ ' ••• • 

A black mao'ij »iewel i& a fair, Wpqaah^s eye '; 
jrajr wd flytdOi^ (or fpolilb) UUck aod proud, 

LtMig 4Hid ^zj^ ^tck andW^aiud. > 

BeaiKbe & folic vont (bwrent de cbnyp^igiue^ G«i/' Beauty i^fd 
^Uvdo Giften go band.&.'hand» aoe olbeui matched tqget&er. 

Put another man's child in Tcmrbofoai, mdhe'U 
. creq) out at your dbow. Ci^. V 

.... * • 

That is, cherilh or lore him. he'll nerer be natunlly affec- 
ted towardi rou. 



JO ProverBiai Obfcrvatiomf &c. " 

Many womcD many words, many geefe manynnds. 
Dovefono dmse (^ eccbe nett vi fono parelt fccbe, Ical^ 
Where there are women and geefe there wants no 

Kot what is Ihe but what hath fhe. 
Pretinus ad cevfum demoribus ultima fiet 

^U4epe, fcff. Juven. 

. To theft I fi>6U add one Freutk ProvirK 

Sdaifon faiSle W femme a fain, 

A houfe ready made but a wife to make, i. e. 

One that is a virgin and young. 
Nefeviina m tela a lume de (andefa. Ital. 
Neither women nOr linnen by candle-light. 

No folly to being in love, or where love* m the 
eaici the Doctor is an Ala. 


t St ] 

I* «> 



j^n Alphabet jof Jocuhtory^ Nugatory i 
and Rujiick Proverbs. 


YOU fe<5 what'wp muft aU come to if iirc live. 
If thou be hungry,! am an^ry^ let us go ftghc. 
Lay on more wood, AJbes give money. 
Six Jwls make a dvoemaker. 
All aftding as hogs fighting. 


N/fCX with that kfi:. 

B^CA witn tnat leg. 
Of all and of all commend me to haU^ for 

by licking the diflxes be fayed me much labour. 
Like a for^i^s (;hair, fit for every buttock. 
A Bargain is a bar^n. 
His Ba/hftd mind hinders his good intent. 
The fon of a Batcbelar^ L e. a baftard. 
Then the town-buU is z' Batchekr^ L e. as foon as 

fuch an one. 
He ipeaks Bear-garden. 

That is, fuch rude Mkl undvil, or fordidaiiddiny hllgttl^# 
as the rabble that frequeut thofe iport^ are wont to ale. 

He that hath eaten a Bear-fje will always IxneU ol* 
thegardem - . 

E « « YOMT 


j2 M Alphabet 

' Your Belly chimes, it's time to go to dinner. 
You (hall have as much favour at BiUitt/gafe fof^ a 

box on the ear. 
A Black (hoe makes a merry hearts 
He*s in his better Blue clothes. 

\ ' 

He thinks himfelf wond'rons fine. 

Have among you blind harpers. 
Good iloodmdikt^ bad puddings without groats or 

xrif^» »»if» Nobility is nothing but ancient riches t and 
money is the idol the world adores. 

A Blot in his Efcutchcon. 
'to be bokty L e* without as Barrow wa9. Chejb. 
To leave Boys flay^ and go to blow-point. 
. You'll not believe a man is dead till you fe^-his 

Irains out. 
Well rhym*d Tutor, Brains and ftairs. 

Now ufed in derillon of fuch as make paltry ridiculous rbyinef. 

Abrinded pig will. make a good brawn to breed on, 
A red-bedded man will make a goodfiallion. 

This buying of bread undoes us. 

If I were to fad for my life I would eat a good 
breakfaft in the morning. 

She brides it. She bridles up the head, or afts the 

As irWas long. /. e. Take it which way you will, 
there's no difference, it is all one. 

To burft at the broad fide. 

Like an old viroman*s breech^ at no certainty, 

lie's like a buck of the firft head* 

Briiky pert, forward ; fome apply it to updart Gentlemen* 

The Ipirit of building is come upon him. 


^ i. 

of jocttkttir^ Proverbs. ^^^ 

He wears the BuWs feathen 

This is a French Proverb ^ for a cupkold* 

It melts like butter in a Sow's tail; or, worku like 

fope, i^c. 
* I have a bone in my arm. ^ 

This is a pretended excufe* whereby people abuft fowetg 
children when they are iinpoi:ttm;itp to have them dp fofif • 
thing, or reach fomething for them» that ^y are anwilUiig 
to do, or that is not good for them. 

Burroughs end of a fheep, fbaie one. 


EVERY cak( hath itii make, but a jcrape-cakc 
hath two. 

£very wench hath her fweet-l^eart, and the dirtieft cojeiv- 
monly th(^ moH : make, /. e* match, fellow^ 

He capers like a fly in a tar-boK». 

He's in good carding. 

\ would cheat my own father at cards. 

When you have counted your cards you'U find yo«i 

have gained but little. 
Catch that catch may. 
The cat hath eaten her count. 

It is fpoken of women with f:M14y ^at go beyond their 

He lives under the fign of the cdt\ foot. 

He is hen-peck'd, his wife fcratches him. 

Whores and thieves go by the clock. 

Quoth theyoung Cock^ 1*11 neither meddle nor maka. 

When he faw the old cock's neckwrung off,for taking part with 
the mafter, aiid tjlie old hen's, for taking part with uie dame. 

E 3 Tp 


To order without a Conftaile. 

He's no Conjuror. 

Marry come up my dirty Coujin* 

-' Spoken by way of taant, to thofe who boafi thetnfelvei of 
their birth, parentage, or the like. 

Coujtn germains quite removed. 

He*s fallen into a Cow^urd. 

He looks like a Cow^turd ftuck with Primrt^n. 

To a Cowh thumb. 

Crack me that nut, quoth Sum/fed. 

To rock the cradle in one's fpcftacles. 

Cream-pot love. 

Such as young fellows pretend to dairy-maids» to get 
and other good things of them. 

Cuckolds are chriftians. 

The ftory is well known of the old woman, who, hearing a 
young fello^iv call his dog cuckold, fays to l&OLt Arc-jroiTsiot 
aihamed to calla dog byaChtiftian's name. 

He has deferved a Cujhion. 

That is, he hath gotten a boy. 

To kill a man with a Cujbion. 
A Curtainlt^urt. 

Such ^ one as a wife reads her hoftaad when fhc chides Iw 
in bed. ' ' 

If a Cuckold come he'll take away the meat, vi%. '-. 

If there be np fait on the table. 
It's better to be a-cold than a Cuckold. 
For want of roMjjflwy welcome trymp^ry* 
'f hat's the/r^tfw of thejeft. ' • 
It's bat . a cvfy of his countenance. 
His Cow hath calved, or fow pigg?d. 

11^ luiti^ g0j( what he {bmght for. or eypefte4« 

With Cofi one may make pottage of a ftool foot. 



of jocuktory Prtcoerhs. ^^ 


HE Bafneldawcock fits amongft theDodoris, 

Corcbofus ittcerokta. Corebonis is a fmall herb of little 
count : Some take it to be the Male Pimpernel : bdUes 
which there is another hicrb {o calied» which rtjGbtnUes Agj^U 
lows^ and is much eaten b/ the£gypti;uis^ 

When the Devil r% blind. 

Heigh ho, the DtvU is dead* 

Strike Dawkinj the devil is in the hemp. ; 

The Devil is good to fome. 

It's good fbmetimes to hold a caiidle to the DtviL 

Holding a candle to the Devil is affifting in a bad caole^ an > 
evil matter. 

The Devil is in the dice. •.' 

When the Devil is 2l hog you fhall eat bacon. 
To give one the Do^ to holtt i. e. To fervc oj^ « 

dog trick. 
It's a good D^ can catch any thing. 
He looks like a Dog under a door. 
Make^-^ and have a-dd. - 

I know what 1 do when I drink. 
Driiik off your drink, and ftcaj ho lambd. " '."^ 
Drifi is as bad as unchrift. 
He was hang'd that left his drink behind him. • 

Good fellov^s have a ftory of a certain malefactor, who caiqii 
to be fufpe^led upon leaving his drink behifid him In JUi AUi 
houie, at the News of an Hneand Cry. 

A good day will not mend him, nor a bad day 

impair him. 
ril make him dance without a pipe. 

if #• I'll do him an Injury, and he fliid} not know how» 



•.56 An Alfbabef 

T'LL warrant you for an Egg at Eaftcr. 


» -■■*•' 

-% • 

TT'OU two zvt finger and thumb. , 

X ^y ^^^^ cries/'u^ loaves a penny, /. e. She is 

in travel. - . ' 

It*s good fjh if it were but caught. . , 

It's fpoken of any confi4erab]ie good that one Jiath not, but 
talks much of, fi^es for, or endeavours after. A future good, 
which is to be catched, if a man can, is but little worth, x' 

To-morrow morning 1 found an horfe-flioe. 
The Fox was fick, and he knew not where : 
He clapped his hand on his tail, and fwore it ^72^^ 
That which one moHforehefs fooneft comes to pafs, 

. J^uod qui/que 'vitet nufquam, homini fatu cantum eft in boras, 
"Horat. ' - ' 

Look to him Jailor, there's zfrog in the ftocks, 


THE Wav to be gone is not to (lay here. 
Good ^oofe do not bite. ' 

It's a forry goofe will not bade herfelf. 
1 careno more for it than ^^oofe-turd for the Thames^ 
.XetH^ fet up mop on GW^;/Vs fands. 

This is a piece of country wit; there being an aequivoquein the 
v/f^rdGoodiJuin, which is a fu name, and alfo fignifies gaining 
'J*ciilt^. ' ' • i -. • ^ . • .*\ 

He would livein a^r^i;^/-/^//. 

Spoken of a wary, (paring, niggardly pisrfon. ** 

This^r(?wV by night. 

. ^gpokcn of a crooked flick or tree, it could not fee to grow. 

*^ ; ■■■'". Great 


pf jQculatiry Froverk. ky 

Great doingi at Gregofy\ heat tb^ oven twice For 
a cuftard. .' \ '. ^ 

He that fwallowcd a Gudgeon. 

He hath fworc defpcrately, vix* to that which tliererSs % 

^reat prefumption is hlfe ; Swallowed a <fal^ oath. '' 

■■ * 

The Devil's guts. i. e. The furveyor^s chain. * 
A good fellow lights his candle'at both ends. 
G(Ki hdp the f<S)t, quoth Jf^^i&jr. ' "^ 

This Pedley was a natural fool hiknielf/aiid yet had ufual^ 
thi$ expreffioii ia his moutjh. Indeed none are i|iQre ready ta^ 
pity ' the folly of others, than thofe who havtf but > faudl 
jneafure of wit thefafeltcs. • - • - ' • ' • - '- ^ - V* ' 




IS hair gfQwis thtough his faded. 

He is very poor, his hood is full of ho)e^* 

You have a bandfotne head of hair, pray give me 

When Spendthrifts come to borrow money they conutKnlr 
uiher in their errand With fome frivolous* dilcourfe ill cobil 
mendation of the perfbn they would borrow of, or Ibme of 
his parts or qualities : The fame may be faid of beggars. 

A bandjbme bodied man in the face. "^ 

i!%>// yourfelf for a paftime. 

If I be bang'd^ Til chule my gallows. 

A King Harry' % face. , 

Better have it thati hear of it. - • 

To take heart of grace. 

To be hide-bound. 

This was a Hill in King Harry's days. 

To be loofe in the Hilts. 

Hit or mifs for a cow-heel. '*' 

A Holer- de hoy ^ half a man and half ^ boy« , 

U0I4 or cut Cod-piec.e-point. 

Bold him to it buckle and thong* . ..4. 

She's an //(9/k-^^^ dame. ^ -.^lV*.*?^ ' 

You'U make honey of a d<^Vtiffd» ? •*:* i 

'56 jifi Alphabii 

That borfi is troubled with corns* i. #. fOtfnderd,; 

He hath eaten a horfey and the tail hangs out of his 

He had better put his horns in his pocket than 

wind them. 
There's but an hour in a day between a goodii^i^ 


IS^th alstde more paint,lliB thatflatters might do things nJMi/. 

He came in hosM and Ihod. 

- He was bora toa good eftate. Heciine into the world asa 
^Bee into the hive: or into anlioafeyor into a trade or cm- 


I Am not the firft, and fhall not be the laft. 
To be Jack in an office. 
An inch an hour, a foot a day. ^ 

A bafket Jufiicty a Jill Juftice, a good foreno(m 

He'll do Jufiite right or wrong. 


THERE I caught a Knave in a purfe net 
Knock under the board. He muft dofo that 
will not drink bis cup. 
As good a knave I know, as a knave I know not. ' 
An horfe-^/}}. A rude kifs^ able to beat one's teeth ottt. 


HIS houfc ftands on nly Laif^ ground. * 
A long lane and a fair wind, and always thy 
heels here away. 
Juajfes are lads leavings, Cbejh. 

In the Eaft part of England^ where they ufe the word Moth' 
iher for a girl, they have a fond old fawe of this natttfe, i^ 
IVincbes are tinkers htchesy girles arepedUrs truUs, and nmdhdbtfi 
mrt bonejt mens dautktirs. 




of jiodkikj Pmveris. # cj^ 

He'U I&ugh at the i^aggjlog of a fth^ 

Neither lead nor ,d]ive. ^iv uniw?€rd^ unmanags- 

able pcr(on. .. 
To play /^/j/ in fight. 
To go a$ if dead /iV^ dropped but of him; 

He is fo jppor»kftniaod weak,that he cAimot mainttia Iml^Dt^ 

Thou'lt //> all manner of colours but blue, and 
that is gone to the litting. /. e. dying. 

Tell z'Ue and find the troth. 

Uftcners ne*er hear good of thcmfelves. 

To fye in bed and rorccaft. 

Sick of the Lombard fever, or of the idles, 

She hath been at London to call a ftrea a ftraw, and 
a waw a wall, Cb^. 

This the common people ufein fcorn of thbfe who havingbeei^ 
at hhtJm are atfiamed to fpeajk their own coiiDtry dialed. 

She lives by kve and Iwmps in comers. 

Every one that can lick a di(h -» as mucli as to (ay, 

» every ontjimpliciter^ tag-iag and bob-tail; 
It's a lightening before death. 

This is generally pbferve^ of iick per{bns» that a Jittle^be- 
fore they (He their pains leave them» and their underftanding 
and memory return to them ; as a candle juft before it goe« 
out gives a great blaze. 

The beft dog leap the ftilc firft. / . €. Let the wpr^ 

thieft pcrfon^take place. 


M-^y/^/imeafure heap and thrutch. /. e. thruft^ 
id a mare^^ neft. 
He*s a man every inch of him. 
A matcb^ quoth Hatchy when he got his wife by the 


' J 




'6o Jk Alphabii ^ 

A match ^ quoth ^ack^ when he kifs'd his ^dkmc; - 
All the matter's not in my Lord Judge's hand. 
Let him mend his manners, it will be his own ano* 

ther day. 
He's metal to the back. A metaphor taken from 

. knives and /words. 
-^Tis Midfummer Moon with you, /. e. You arc mad. 
To handle without mitfins. 
He was born in a milL i. e. He's deaf. 
Sampfon was a ftrong man, yet could he not pay 

money before he had it. 
Thou (halt have moon-Jhine in the muftard-potfor it. 

/. e. nothing. 
•Sick of the mulligrubs with eating chopp'd hay. 
You make a muck-hill on my trencher, quoth the 

Yoa carve me a great heap. I fuppofe Tome bride at. firftf 
thinking to fpeak elegantly and finely might ufe that ex- 
prefTion ; and fo it was taken up in drollery ; or clfe it's only 
a droll, made to abufe country brides, affeding fine language* 

This maid was born odd. 

Spoken of a maid who lives to be old,and cannot get ahafband, 

. N. 

NIpence nopence, half a groat lacking two pence. 
Would No I thank you had never been m^p. 
His nofe will abide no jefts. 
Doth your nofe fwell [or eek, /. e. itch] at that ? 
. I had rather it had wrung you by the nofe than me 

by the belly. /. e. a fart. 
It*s the nature of the beaft. 



Small Officer. 
Once out and always out. 



of jfHfuhi^y Vrwtrbu Bt 

O/rfefnough to lie without doors. V :I 

Old muck-hills will bloom. 
Qld man when thou dieft give me thy doublet. 
An old woman in a wooden ruff. /. e. in an antiqi^ 

drefe. ' " 

It will do with an onion. 

To look like an owl in an Ivy-btifh* - ' ^ 

To walk by owUlight. 
He has a good eftate, but that the right ovontt 

keeps it from him. ' 

How do you after your ^^j ? 
AH one but their meat gods two ways* 

. . • . P. 

T Here's a fad in the ftraw. 
As it pkafes the fainter. 
Mock Xiofanyer^men^ your father was a fi(her. 
Every peafe hath its vc^afe, and a bean fifteen^ 

A veaze vefcia, in Italian, is crepitus <oeiUris. So it fignifics 
Peafe are flatulent, but Beans ten times more. 

Xou may kno\7 by a penirf how a (hilling fpends. 
Peter of wood^ church and miUs are all his. Cbefh. 
Go pipe at Padley^ there's a pefcod fcaft. 

Some have it. Go fife at Col/ton^ &€. It is (poken in deriiioa 

to people that bufythemfelves about matters 6f no concernme9t: 

f ■ 

He piffes backwards, i. e. does the other thing. 
He has pifs*d his tallow. 

This is fpoken of bucks who grow lean after rutting time, 
$ind may be applied to men. 

* • , 

Such a reafon pifs*d my goofe. .-. 

He plays you as fair as if he pick'd your pocket. 


63 An Alphahet 

If you be not pletfed put your hand in your poo 
ket zvAfleafe yourfcln 

A jeering expreffion to fuch as wOl not be pleafed whli C&f 
itafonable otfen of others. 

As Tluffi. as a jugglem ear. i. e, a quagmire^JD^^/SlS^ 
To pocket up an injury. 

f • #. To pafs it by withoat r^efige> or tMaag nocica^ 


The difference between ihtpaor man and the ricfi? 
is, that the; poor walketh to ^et meat for h^ 
ftomach, the rich a ftomachfor his meat. 

Prate is prate, but it's the duclc lays the eggs. 

She is at her laft prefers. • * 

Proo naunt your mare puts. /. e. pulhes. 

It would vex a dog to fee a pudding creep. 

He was chriften'd with pump-water. 

It is fpokeif of one that hatk a red face. 

Pye-tid makes people wife. 

Iceaofeno mancaAtell what is in apje till the lid be taken np* 

To rid poft for a^«i^/»f . 

Beiaircoikdicioa'd,and eat bread with ywix puddinig. 

Hc*s at a tbrc'd put. 


E*ll do as they do at ^<em. ^ 

What we do not to day, we mud da in tlMf 



OME rain fome reft, A harveft-prwerh. 
The dirt-bird [or dirt-owl] fings, we fii^ 
have riUn. 

When melancholy perfons are very merry, it is obfervedt 
tKat there ufaal]y follows an extraordinary fit of fadne(s ; they 
doing all things commonly in extreams. 


tj jocuJatory Proverbs. dj' 

Every day of the week a fhower of rain^ and on 

Sunday twain. 
A rich rogue two (hirts and a rag. 
Right mafter right, four nobles a year's a crown a 

quarter. Chejh. 
Room for cuckolds, l^c. 

Her^yjrwith his Arfc upwards. AJign of good luck. 
He would live as long as old Rofe oT Pottern^ who 

livM 'till all the world was weary of him. 
Let him alone with the Saint's Bell, and give hioi 

rope enough. 
The lafs m«the red petticoat (hall pay for all. 

Yoang men anfwer fo when they are chid for being fii 
prodigal and expenfive, meaning, they will get a wife with 
a good portion, that ihall pay for it. 

Neither rhyme nor reafon. 
Rub and a good call:. 

Be not too haily, and you'll fpeed the better : Make not 
Bore ha^ than good fpeed. 

'npis fooner faid than done. 
X School-hoys are the rcafonableft people in the 
world, they care not how little they havo 
for their money. 
A 5cot on Scot*% bank. 

The Scotch ordinary. /. e. The houfe of office. 
That goes again (I the^/«J. i e.\t*% to my prejudice> 

I do it not willingly. 
He knows not whether his^^^ goes awry. 
^h not but fend. He'll come if he be unhang'd. 
^ab your dogs, firrah not me, for I was borii 

before you could fee. 
Of all tame beads I hate Sluts. 
He's nothing h\it Jkin and bones. 
"iofpin a fair thread. 


64 > ^ Alphabet 

Spit ilk his mouth aod m^e hitn a maftiC 
No man cry^d Jiinking fifli. 
Stretching and yawning leadeth to bed. 
To ^«i»^/(f at the truckle-bed. 

To inifiake the chamber- maid's bed ifor his wife's. 

He could have fung well before he brake his left 

• fhoulderwith whiftling. 

5w^^/-heart and bag-pudding. 

Nay ftay, quoth Stringer^ when his neck was in the 

Say nothing when you are dead. i. e. be filent. 


HIS /tf/7will catch the chin^ough. 
Spoken of one that fits on the ground. 

A tall man of his hands, he will not let a bead reft 

in his pocket. 
He's Tom Tell-trotb. 
Two flips for a tejler. 
The tears of the tankard. 
Four farthings and a thimble make a tailofs pocket 

'To throw fnot about, /. e. to weep. 
Though he fays nothing hb pays it with thinkings 

like the Wclchman's Jackdaw. 
Tittle tattle^ give the goofe more hay. 
Tojled cheefe hath no matter. 
Trickior trick, and a ftorie in thy foot befides, j«^/i 

one^ pulling a ftvne out of his mare* s foot y when fie 

bit him on the back, and he her on the buttock. 
Art there traitorj at the table that the loaf is ttirn'd 

the wrong fide upwards ? 
To /r^/ like a D(?^. 
Tl;iere*s not a turd to chufe, quoth the good wife, 

by her two pounds of butter. • . 

' He 


tf joct^atory ^ Frw^isH . fifi 

He looks like a Tooib-Jrawerj. i. ^•.vcry. tluQ aad 

..mMgnr. "■■.,■ 

.That's as true as I am his uncle^ 

Turn/pits are ary, 

■ ■ ^ ft 

V; •• • 

' * « 

V£.fL will be cftc^p : Calves fall. 
A Jeer for thofe who lofe ihec^ves Q^tlieir iem by^C^r* 

In a fhouldcr of veal there are twenty and two good 

• • • • ' : I 

This is a piece of country wit. X^X ^^^^ ^V ^^ there 
are twenty (others fay forty) bits in a fhoalder of veal, and 
bat two good ones. 

.» • 

Hc*s a velvet true heart. Cbefi.''' - 
ril venture it as Johnfon did his wife,and (he did well. 
Up with it, if it be but a gallon, it 'will eafc your 

;' >■' 

• • w. ■ •• . • • ■.. ». 

. * » 

LOOK on the wall^ and it will not bite you. 
Spoken in jeer to fuch as are bitten with muflard. 

A Scotch warming-pafty i. e. A wench. 

The flory is well known of the Gentleman travelling in Scot* 
land, who defirflig to have his bed warmed, the fervant-maid 
doffs her clothes, and lays herfelf down in it; a while. In Scot- 
land they have neither bellows,^ warmiag-jpans, nor houfes of 

She's as quiet as a t^^j^ jn one's npfti. 
Every man in nls way. ^ V' 

ff^aier bctwitch'd, i.>. very^tKin beer. 
Eat and welcome^ faft i(}d^h(fartily welcome. 
I am very wbeamow^{i. e. nimble) quoth the old wo* 
man,when Ihe ftepp*d into the milk bo'nX.TorkJh. 
A wbitC'liver^d fellow. 
To fliooc wide of the mark. 

F fTiJe 

• • 


M An JSpUheiy fee- 

JWif, qnetfi Wllfin. 

To Ht like a wire-drawer ander bis work. Tft^* 

He hath more wit in his head than thou ih boib 

thy iboulders. 
He hath plard wify leruikd with himfelf. 
Tou may trufs up all nts wit in an egg-Ibell. 
Hold your t(»ig;ue bufband, a^ lee me tall^ that 

have all the wit. 
f he wit of ydu, and the wo6t of a blue d^ *ill 

make a good medley. 
This is the w6rld and the other is the couAUy. ' 
When the Devil U dead there's a wife for tiumfbr/. 
T6 wr^ A up in clean Hnnen. , 

To deliver fordid or uncleanly nattn in deccat lugu^ 
A point next the- nv^ 

HE has made zyowiger brother of him. 
T\i^yoimger brother hath the more wit. 
The younger brother is the ancienter Gentlcmar^ 
Old and rough, ymaig and tender.. ^ 


(6? ) 

Mifcetta?^ Proverbial Si^mgi, , 

PUT a miller, a weaver/ and a tailof in a bag^ 
and ihake them, the ficft that comes oat wUI 
be a thief. . .... 

Harrfs children of Leigb^ never an one like^ anotheCl 
A Seaman if he carries a milNftone will have aqtiait 

out of ic ^hn vf thtsommon marinersB if tb^ 

can come at things that may he £at or 4runk^ ^ 
Go here away* go there away, qpoth Madge fPTfit^ 

worthy when (he rode the mare in the iSjdef • 
There's ffru&ion,/. e. deftruftiori,of hoiiey, cjuotK 

Dunkinfyy wheft he licVd tip the hen^turd- 
I kiird fadr for £ood Witl, faid Sc4i, when fae kiird 

his neighbour's mare. 
Gip with an ill rubbing, iquoth Badger ^ when bis 

mare kick'd. 

This \t a ridicolons jcxpreflion, ufed to|)eopIe that ttt ftu 
tjfll and fi'owto'iL 

He^s a hot fliot in a niuftard pot^ when both hb 

heels (land right up.. 
Three dear ycaiis will ra^fica balcer*s daughter to a. 

portion. 'Tij not tbefmatlnejs of the breads but the 
, knavery cf the baker. 
I hope better, quoth Senjim^ when hiswiftbid 

him xrome in cuckoldL 
One, two, three, four, arc juft hadf a fcore. 

F 2 1% 

68 Proverbial Sayings. 

V\\ make him fly up with Jackfon's hens, /. e. un- 
do him. 

' So when ^ man i» broke, or undone, we fay he is blown up* 

I^} make him water his horfe at Higbrgate. 

i. e, ni ruehin, and make him take a journey up to London. 

What have I to do with Bradjhaw*% windmill ? 

What have I lo do with other mens matters ? 

He that would have good luck in horfes muft kifs 

the Parfon's wife. • ■" 

IHc that fnites his nofe, and hath it not, forfeits 
his face to the King. 

A ^an can do no more than he can. 

It^s an ni gueff that never drinks to his hoft. 
Run tap run tapfter. 

This is faid of a tapller that drinks fo much himfelf, and Is 
h free of his drink to others, that he is fain to run away. 

He h^h got the fiddle but not the (lick. 

Le. The books,btft not the learning, to make ufe of. them, 

or the like. 

' T^hat*s the way to catch the old one on the neft. ' 
This muft be if we brew. 

That is, if we undertake mean and fordid, or lucrative em- 
ploy^ients, we mufl be content with fome troi^ble, incouvcni- 
' ence, affronts, diflrubance, &c. 

Proverbial Periphrafes of one drunk. 

HE's difguifcd. He has got a piece of bread 
and chcefc in his head. He has drunk niofe 
than he has bled. He has been in the Sun. He has 

- Proverbial Pbrafes. , ^9 

a jag or load. He has got a dilh. He has got a ^/y ^/ 
cup too much. He isone and thirty. Heisdagg*d. 
He has cut his leg. He is afflifted. He is top-hea- 
vy. The malt is above the water. As drunk ag a 
wheelbarrow. He makes indentures with his legs. 
He's well to liv£. He's about tocaft fiphisrcick- 
oning or accompts. He has made aii example. He 
is concerned. He is as dxunk as David's low. He 
has ftolen a manchet out of th6 brewer's baflcet. ' . 
He's raddled. He is very weary. He dr^i^ tiU he 
gave up his half-penny, i. 0. yomittod.j^ij/Mf'^^^^'^j'^^i 

Proverbial Pbrafes and Sentences belonging to drink 

and drinking. 


LICK your di(h. Wind up your bottom. Play 
off your duft. Hold up your dagger hand. 
Make a pearl on your nail. To bang the Pitcher. 
There's no deceit in a brimmer. Sup Sinlon the 
bed is at the bottom. Ale that would make a 
cat to fpeak. Fill what you will, and dHnk what 
you fill. He hath pifs'd out all he hath againd 
the walls. She's not a good houfe-wife that will 
cot wind up her bottom, /. ^> take off her drink. 


One (hat bath the French Pox. ' 

HE has bech at Haddam. He has got the 
Crinkams. He is pepper'd. He is not 
pepper roof. He has got a Kentifh Ague, He 
has got the new confumption* He has j^ot a clap. 
He has got a blow over the nofe with a French 
cowlftaff. .He is Frenchified. The Cov'ei)t-Gar- 
dcn ague. The Barnwell ague. 

F 3 .'./;,;; . To 

JO Proverbial Pbrafes. 

To make Water^ &c, 

TO make a little maid's water. To wafer the 
Marigolds. To fpeak with a maid. To gar 
iher a rofe.' To look upon the wall. 

A Her. 


tlE df ferves the whetftone. He*ll not let any 
*^ body lie by him. He fliall have the King^l 
horfe. He's a long-bow-man. He lies as fall a^ 
a dog can trot. 

A great Lie. 

* ■ * 

'TpHi^T was laid on with a trowel. That's a loqd 

■^ one. That's a He wjih a lyitnefs, a Iie%uithu 

[H^tanu. latchet. That fticks in his throat. If a lie could 

^ have choked him, that would have done it* The 

dam of that was a wilkcr. 

A Bankrupt. 

HE'S all to pieces. He has fhit in the pluin-bi^« 
He's blown up. He has (hut up his (bop- 
windpws. He dares not (hcwhis heaa.' He hath 
fwallowed a fpidcr. He hath (hewed them a fair 
. pair of heels. He is marched offl H^ jgjbqi A 
Kis laft kgs; He is run off his Icgs^ T^ 

A IVencber. 

■ ■ ■ 

HE loves laced mutton. He'll run «f. iheep^ 
Hell commit poultry. . He'U have a l5|^ 
for his cat. He keeps a caft of Merlins. Mpr 
of his hair are fcen oftener at the B--court thaa ac 
the^low*. , . ' A 



Pnwrbial . Pira/a* 7* 


HS^s Ukes «at,fi}illflt^ vatb her tail Stt'f ^t 
J right asB^leg' h lighirflcjm, A ](ii)d-beHt94 
lul. Ske^i kaje in iU hiitt. A I^y oi pLeafwm 
As errant a whore zi ever pifs'd. A Cockwrice. A 
Leman. She's as common as a barber's chair. As 
common as the h'lgli-way. She lies backward and 
lets out her fore-Ftwms. She is ^either jvifie, .wi- 
dow, nor-maid. 

A cevitfus perjim. 

HIS money comes JVom him like drops of bloo^. 
He'll fii^ afiint. Hi'li net lofe the dre^'tnp ^ 
his noje. He fcrvcs th?"p<>or a thump on the 
back with a ftone. He'll drcfs ir egg, tnd give tb^ 
ofi^ to the poor. He's like a fwioe, never good un- 
til he come to the knife. Avarus mjl turn mcritar nH 
reUefaat. Lab. Hispurfe i^in^d^pf to^tl'siHio* 

Provtrbial Phr4fis rtiating ttfevdral trades, 

^HE fmith hath always a fparlc ijn lus ttiroit.Thf 
** fmiih an^ his penny are both black. Nine 
taylors make a man. CoUer^a iMv, be that Cafcei 

money niuft pay the (hot. To brew in a bottle 
and bake in a bag. The Devil would have 
been a weaver but for the Temples. The gcntie 
craft. Sir Hugh's bones, A Hangman is a good 
trade, he doth his work, by day-light. It is good to 
be fure. Toll it again, quoth ilic Mitlt-r. Any 
tooth. good Barber. A horfe-doftor, i. f. 3 farrio', . 
He Ihould be a baker by his bgw-li-gs. Take silt | 
and pay ihe baker. He drives a fubtle tr^de. 

F 4 Pravir,. 

[72 ] 

■ Proverbs that are inttre Septences. 


ONG abfent {ooviiovgottt^. 

Parallel to this are, Out of fight out of mindy and Seldom fern 

foon forgotten : Arid not much difFei^ent thofe Gf'^^if onc8."Ti|Xfe 

fajomj (p'0^\ H% ilcn f iXw.Friends dwelling afar ofFarc no friends. 

And no^^a/ ^t?Mts am^ixniy^M hi>.v(n. Forbearance of cdnvef 

fation diffolves friendfhip. - - • ' * '; 

Adverftty makes a man wife not rich^ 

The French fay, Vent au i>ifage rend un 1?ome fage. The wind 
in a man's face makes him wife. If to be good be the greateft 
wifdom^ certainly afHiflion and adverfity makes men bettei;. 
Vexatio dat intelleaum, ' • ^ ' ' *' ^ 

He that's afraid of every grafs muft not pifs in a 

Chr ha paura d'ogni urtica non pifci in herba. Ital, He that's 
afraid of ev^ry nettle muft uot pifs in the grafs. • = » . 

• ■ 

He that's afraid of leaves muft not come in a wood. 

' This is a French Proverb Englifhed. ^i a peur de fudlles ne 
^cit aller aubois. 

He that's afraid of the wagging of featherjs muft 
keep from among wild rowl. 

• • • ' 

^ Mr. Cotgrave in his French DiAionary produces this as an 
EngUJh Proverb, parallel to the precedent. He 

Praveris that are^ &c.* 73 

He that's afraid of wounda nuift mot come nigh a 
battle. . , 

Thefe four Proverbs have all oiic and the fame fenfe, viz. 
That tixnorus perfons mtift -keep-as tar off ^om danger 'as they 
can. They import alfo, that caufelefs fear works men unne* 
ceffary diiquiet; puts them upon abford and f oolifh practices, 
and renders them ridiculous. 


He's ne'er like to hsivc a gpod thing cheap thjit's 
afraid to aflc the price. // n^aurajai bon marcbi 
qui ne le detnande: Gall. ' 

^w, for the law is coftly. 

. This is good counfel backed with a good reafon* tl>e charges 
of a fuit many times exceeding the value of the thing con^ 
tended for. The Italians fay, Meglio e magro accordo chpgra^a 
fentenza. A lean agreement is better than a fat fentehce. 

A man catmot live by tbe/j[/r. 
Good Ale is 4neat, drink, and cloth, 
Fuir chieve good Aky it makes many folks fpeak 
as they think. 


Fair chieve is ufed in the fame' fenfe here as Well-fare /bm^- 
times is in the South, that is^i, good fpeed, good fuccefs have 
it, I comnlendlt'. it fhall'have my gcxxi Wim, or good word. 
A 'Vino veritasm 

We fhall lie all alike in our graves. 

i£qaa tellus Pauperi reduditur regumque pueris. Horatm 
Mors fceptra ligonibus sequat. ' ' 

J^o living man all things can. x 

Non omnia poflbmus omnes. Firgih See many fentenccs to 
thispiirpofe in £ri^»/s ^^/7^^/. 


Almofi was never hang'd. 

jilmofl and very nigh faves many a lie. 

• • # 

The fignification of this word JImoft having feme latitude, . 
snen are apt to (betch it to cover untruths. 


74 JProwrAs that are. * 

Jngry (or hafty) men fcldom wswt woft. 

Hafty in our language is bat a more gentle word for zjoitrfi 
Anger indeed makes men YmScy^ and inconfidera^e ja iSinr 
^i^pns. furor irdqiu mentum pracipitanU 

He that'3 cngTj without a caufe muft be pleaie4 
without amends. . _. 

Two yf;/^/!rj and a bye and bye is an hour and a half. 
Scald not your lips in another man*s pottage. 

Parallel hereto is that place, ffv, xjcvi. 17, 

The higher the Afe goes the more he fliews his tsul: 

The lugher beggers^ or bafe-bred perfons are advanced,ti»e 
xQore they difcover the lournefs and bafenefs of their Spirits and 
tempers : For as the Scripture faith, Fron). xxyi, i • Hmmn^ 
is un/eemly /br a fool Tu fai come la itmia, chi- pin va in ata>- 
pin moftra il culo. Ifal, The Italians I find draw this Pro- 
verb to a different fenfe, to fignify on^ who the more kt 
fpeaks the more fport hft make«, and the more ridiculous M 
I'efiders hinUclf. 

Stretch your arm no further than your ileeve will 

Metiri ft qiiemque modulo fuo ac pede verum eft» 

Lend you mine Arfe and (hit through my ribs* 

This is, lend you that whereof I have neceflfary and ftcqa ti i l l 
ufe, and want it myfelf. It is a Ruffick proverb, and of freqaent 
uie in this nation : and was^ I fuppofe, brought over |0 iu 

by fome merchants that traded there. . . i« ^ 

Never be ajhamcd to eat your meat. 

Apud men/am <verecundari neminem decet, Erafmus takes t|io^p|| 
that this Proverb is handed down to us from the Ancients^ firVT 
that the vulgar adds, neque in leSlo : whereas (faith he) N^f^mm 
magis hahenda eft 'verecundia ratio quam '/« leho &f cOttvM^^^ 
Yet fome there are who out of a ruftick ihame-^cedlielq^ ' 
over-mannerlinefs are very troublefome at table, expe^fij^'fi 
be carved to, and often invited to eat, and refafing ilvl^CffAi 
offer them, &c. The Italians fay almoft in the fame wdi***^ 
A ta*voU uen bifogna ha<vir ^uergogna. And the Freptk* ( 
bcnte di manger a bonte dt ^ivrt. He that's ufliamcd i#.3 

«ihamed to live. * * ]i^,. 

Every man muft eat > p^ck of ajlh«$ before he dicL 

Lofe nothing for ajking. 

Every Jfs thinks himfetf worthy to ftand with the 

king's horfcfi. 
A kindly Jver. will qewr make a good hof fe. 

This ii a Swttilh Provarb quoted by King Jmui in hii 
S^iiren Dtren. It fcenji th( word jfvtr in Scotdlli fignifiei » 
colt, as Appears alfo by that other Proverb. AninchefaKai 
ist»%Ttb a/famafan jfvtr ; jti opr ancient writi<i2a'.<fwr>'B^ 
iignifies any labooring l^aQ, whether ex <n korfe, aad ^m* 
to be all one with the Lblin Jiimtnnim, 

Jvse makes Dun draw. 

npHA.Twhi<:hia goodfor the iiifjt Is bidforihe 

■*■ ' head. ' . 

Omnis commodim foa Teit inconunoda leciun. 

He lovcB hc9n fl«ll that Ikks the fwine-fty-door. 
. Where kad's the beft, naught tijuft be the choice. 
A had buih is better than the open field. 

That 4*. it*i better to hare ftny though a bftd Mend or relt- 
tion, than to be quite delKtutc ud cxpoftd 10 the wide irafttL 

A had Qiift ii better than none. 
When bait is hcxc boot b next. 

Hext is a contraflion of highell, as n«xt is of nigheft. Bale 
is an old Englijb nurd lignifying milery, and buot prolii or help. 
fo-'ti) as much as to uy. When things arc came lo the wortl 
they'll mend. Cam ifaflicanrur ieicrei -cimt Mcjit. 

A hald head is fooo fliaven. 
Make not ^(i//:j of good ground. 

A balk, Latin Sminnun .- a piece of earth which ihrptow dip* 
over wiihuut turning up or breaking. It is alfo sr^iM 
flips of landlefr unplowtdon purpotelnchiiaipi.. < 
fiM boundaxicf between ntcM landi, or fomc other v.'i 

y6 Ptoveris that are 

A good face needs no tandi and a bad one deicrvet 

Some make a' rhyme of this, by adding, jfnj a pnttj 
ivench no land. 

More words than one go to a bargain. 
A good bargain is a pick-purfe. 

Bon marche tire I'argent hors de la bourfe. GalL Good 
jtheap is dear, for it tempts people xs> buy what they need not. 

Bare walls make giddy houfe-wives. 

f. e. Idle houfe-wives, they having nothing whereabout to 
bufy themfelves, and (hew their good houfe-wifery.We {peak 
this in excufe of the good woman, who doth, like St^ PauTt 
widow, vtfiiifx*^^^ ''^^^ cmU^* gad abroad a little too mucby 
or that is blamed for not giving the entertainment that is cx- 
pedled, or not behaving herfelf as other matrons do. She 
hath nothing to work upon at home, (he is difconfolate,. and 
therefore feekcth to divert herfelf abroad : ihe is inclined to 
be virtuous, but difcompofed through poverty. Parallel to 
thia I take to be that French Proverb, Fuides chambrjes/ota lu 
dames folles^ which yet Mr. Cotgrave thus renders. Empty 
chambers make women play the wantons; in a different fenie. 

The greatcft barkers bite not foreft ; or, dogs that 
. . bark at a diftance bite not at hand. 

Cane chi abbaia non morde. ItaL Chien qtii abbaye tie xhord 
pas. GalL Canes timidi vehementius latrant. Cave tibiacaiie 
muto & aqua filente. Ha<ve a care of a JiUnt dog and aJliU<afateri 

• t 


Sir John Barky-corn* s the ftrongeft Knight. . . 
-It's a hard battle where none efcapes. 
Be as it may be is no banning. 
Every bean hath its black. 

Fitiis nemo fine nafcitur. Horat. TO^<n xofuJaXoto^, '^(fi %iifi» 
lyyino^on. Non .efi alauda fine crifia. Omni malo PimUoJn^ 
'franum putre. Ogni grano ha la (ua femola. Every gram jhath 
iiis bran. ItaL • 


intirY. Sintencis, ^^ 

Sell not the heat's IkmbdEbre you have caifghtfaim. 
' Nod nniler la pelle del or(b inanzi che l!a |nvfo. ItaJ. , 

He muft have iron nails that fcratches iBear. 
A man may hear 'tilt his back breaks. 

If people lind Mm patient tliey'Il be Tare M load lupi. -; 

You may ieai a hprre'till he befih^'and a coW 
•tilllhe be mad, !' 

All that are in ied muft not have quirt reft. 
\VJiere-fi«j arc, there is hoflejr; ' ; - ■ ' . 

. V/itcic ib^K are induftrioni pcribtu, dici«-u Weahli, ier the 
haadofthe diligent majtetli rich. Thi« we fee yerified ra 
out aeighboun^^ HeUM^ri. ': 

A Begger'piys a benefit witli a loufe. 
-BfgJ<f-f-priuftbe nocHoofcrs. 

' The.^r^.fay, BoiTOiy«H..iD(^beiiock0oftn. , .:\ 
-Set a *igj/f on hopft-back, and .heir a 'gallop.'' 

Jfferiui nihil tfi buntili c^^fargil im aUwm. ■ Cl^ndioa. H ne'ft 
«rgueil que de paavre ehHclu. Gall, There is' no pride to the 
enriched bej^r's. II villan nobUitado parenta- 
do. 'Ifti. Toe villain eitnobtea will nut .own in kindred or 
parentage. _ ■ ■ .if.""" ■ ■" ■ i i.'i. .■. .- 

^ttt M« MHSiMr M^^ JMfW>wMi. >'ffmhi^ Monk' ' '• 

.Mucfaadoto bring Beggers to (locks, and when they 

come there, they'll not put in their legs. 
Beggers breed, and rich men feed. 
A i^f- C*n never be bankrupt. 
It's one ^e^cr's woe, to fee another by the door go. 

Kasi wmj^i arvfZ fS^iMi. Hefiod. Siiain wtinJitut mndic* 

iBvidtt. ■'■■ 
'- '- A good 


•y$ Proverbs fbai ure 

A good beginning makes a good endii^gC 

De bon conmeBcemcRt boi^oe fift« GmU. & de bonintf vi^ 
bonne fin. A good life makes a good deatb. BoMifrimc^i 
fims bonus* 

Well begun is half done. . . 


jyimdiumfaai qni caepit hahtt. Horat. Which feme Jkuke 

Pentameter D7 pntdng in Um before tetfit. 

fitlievt well apd hare irelK 

The ^^//)r hath no e^rs, * > 

Venter Mn hethtmifn. Vetttne ttfkifid la^ t |^ftt4''M«511eB« 
<^^/. Difcourfe to' or call vpen iumgry perioBi^ thof^fi nbt 
mind youy or leate their meat to attend. Or, as Ereynms, Vki 
. ^ /^» ^itwrf ntm 4Menekmmr hmefturrMtomu NcyAhk^ ddJces , 
dbc vulgar adore nntradtable^ fierce^ 4]kd feditiotts, thai IcutilE^ 
and hunger. Nejcit plebes jejuna U0HH% There is t&int tttSnik 
Che belly fhould have no cars, becattfe words will Aot fiU it» 

Better belly burft than good dridc or m^fit loft. 
Little difference between a feaft znA^belbf-fi^ . 
A Belly fuW^^ bcity-fuH,ivhether it benteatordrink 
When the btUy is full, che bones would be at celt 
The belfy is not fiU'd with fair words, 
Beft ca hnd^ whHe it is atwig. 

Udttm if moBe hitum es^ ^^tuc nunc ^eranimiS meri^. 

FtngTHius fim fine rUa. Peri. 
^U4e prabet lotas arbor J'patiantsbus umbrus, 
^0 pofita eft primum tempore mirgafuU* 
^unc.poterat manibus JkffimM te'Dmrert^veJIif 

Nunc flat in immenfum *viribus aHafuis. Ovid* 
^uape tune fimuauii morie <iaq[uit S»ifi|iiM) tkm imfAenihe 
get as ; tunc optimis affuefcendum cum adquidvis cereum eft ii^ememe. 
Ce qulooulain pr^ eit jeuoe^e^ II Ja coacime ctt vie ilJdtk. 
Call. The tricks a colt gctteth. at his £rft backiogi wiU whilft 
he conti&nechtievn be lacfeAg, Cotp', 

They have need of a i^Jhm that fweep die honfe 

with a turf. 
The befi is beft cheap. 

ftt it io«h the buyer mtatr credit and fervice. 


Make the ieji of abad bftfgirtA. 
The b^ things arc worft to come bjr. 

Dificitia qua fukbra : ;^aXnr« r» ie«X«. 

Beware o{ hzdivn^, 

Po as you^re ^iV£^ and you'll n(;yer bear blamCb 

hircbrn twigs break ho ribs. ; v^ 

JB/rif of a feather flock together ; \ 

/ . • ■ - . 

Like well to like. The G>^ tftd t^etM hive ttkny Pw* 
ytxhi to this purpoie, as 'Am) jco^M^i «]^«iAM}y a^^^w, Smfer 

isiffiall. TheSeftt. GiMd aclul^ iht^a^ flhnica J^^ 'tis 

Jjmtem tbmt Duu ad famletn. ^Qu/amn Syotfi fiAair. Bimik gMmbt 

T«; m fiP^Te- fci«}^ LikeMffr ii tlie llK»tber of loire. .«i9^ 
/// aquulm J^Udai. YoaRg men delight in the compaiiv to£ 
young, dM ttteh^ old, letaieA men of iearned, wicked of 
wicked, good fellows of drunkards, &c. TuUg in Cat. nu^. 
Parts cum paribus (ut eft fm VHtffi frs'Vti'bid) JkciU^ cai^f^ 

He's in great ¥rant o£ a bird that will give a groa^ 
V for an owl-* 
One hir4 in the V^l is worth two in Uie. jgfib. V ^ 

£ meglio aver hdg^ nh oolro che dhnani nnaf ' £lillui|> 
M^. Better have an egg to day» than a hen to-motvow. 
Mieux vant nn tenes qne denx vons 1' anrez. CaU* tjit in»- 
^a* afAt>yt9 rl t^ fwf^nu. hintf. llieocr. Prof/entpu a^ 
gias. mslfugientem infkqmris ? Ml(n^ 1% rm hufuk Ai*i^» V M* 
To»fM» dW^xtu Hefad, He that leaves certainty and fiicks to 
ehalice, when fbob )>i^» he itiay daiice. 

It's an ill hrd that bewnys its own neft. 
Every Uri muft hatch her Own egg. 

Tute hoc imriftt mnt tili ixesknium eft. 'fttdht. blhotild 
feem this Latin Proverb i^ ilill in uft attong the Aifirf . F^ 
Erajmus faith of it, ^U4t qmdm/euHntia Hid boMi ^tr^tf ntftrad 
im ore ^. Faber c^mpidis fumftai ^eg^kK Anion* 



Bo ^roveris thai dr& 

Small birds muft hav-c meat. ' 

Children mufl be fed, the/' c^itnot be'siiii&talired '^Ith 
no tiling. 

Birth is much, but breeding more. 
If you cannot bits never lhc>v your teeth, 
fte that bites on ' every weed rrluft needs light on 
poifon. ' \ •' 

He that is a blab h z fcab. ' ■ ^ 

jBi?^^. will take no other hue. - 


This Dyers find'tVue by experience. It iii,ay fiMij^^ tli^^ 
vicfous perfons are feldom or never reclaiiped. * LaiiuHm W- 
^ra: nullum colot'ernktbunt, Plin. lib. 8. h.' nl 

• • « « • . 

He that wears black muft hang a brufti at his bgck; 
A black plum is as fwcet as a white. 

The. prerogative of beauty proceeds from fancy* 

A black hen lays a white egg. 

This is a French Proverb, Noire geline pond, blanc oea£ 
I conceive the meaning of it is, that a black woman may 
J)ear 1 feir child. » , ;../?> • * " ' ; 

It is 411 to 4rivc black hogs in the dark; • 

They hive -need of a bl^tng^ who kneel to a ttiiflle. 
J5//W men can judge no, colours, 

>• f 

' 11 cicco^non gUdica de color!. Iiat'ri tvfT^Z i^ xotMf^t^ 
.^IJcaco cum Jpeculo f* 

■ ♦ 

The i//W eat many a fly. • •-:. 

A man were better be half blind^ xhan have both 

his eyes out. 
Who fo bold as W/W Bayard? • - -'-i 

*A/iAa0ia fMf ^fuc^f hoyhoy.os ^ oKVbf (fe^u. Ignorance breeds 
confidence ; confi deration, ilownefs and warinefs. . 

Who fo blindy as he that will not fee ? . 
Blow firfl and lip afterwards.* . ■ ' 

Simul/orherel^Jiartdi^citeftm . "^ 

r intire StnteHcet^ %t 

■••■ - *..i^ 

A Hot is no blot unlefs it be hit. 
^lujhing IS virtue's colour. . 
Great £^/j/?j fmall roaft^ 

Gmnds vanteurs petits faifettrs. Galli B^hxfi^ faUnM ui 
Titty u^, Briareus effe apparet Am fit lepUi* And d^soi^ m^ eji7»'f« 

The nearer the' J^f, the fwccter the flefli. 

He that is horn to be hang'd fhall never be drown'd. 

He that was lorn under a three halZ-penny planet 

ftiall never be ^yorth two-pence. 
He that goes a herrdwing goes a ftntdwing. 
He that borrows muft pay again with Ihame or Jofi, 

Shame if he returns not as mtich as he'Borrowedy lofs if 
more, and it's -^tt^ hard to cat the hair. 

The father to the houghy and the fun t6 the plough. 

This faying I look upon as to6' narfow ' to be placed in the 
family of Proverbs ; in is rather to b? deemed a rule or maxim 
in the tenure of the Gavil kind, where though the father hadi 
judgment to be hanged, yet there followed no forfeiture of his 
eft^fe, but his fon might (b happy man according to Borac^^ 
defcriptionj pateirna rura lobus exercerefids. Though therdljo 
L that expoand this Proverb thu». ' The father to ue bough,. 
i.e. to his fports of hawking and huntings and taell^to ihe 
plow, /'. e. to a poor huiband-man's condition. 

* They that are ioU>td'm\i^ obey. - 

Bought wit is beft. y. in W* 
Better to low than breaks 

. n vaut mieux pller que rompre. GalL £ meglio] piegar chef 
• icavezzar. Ital, 

A low long bent att laft waxeth weak. 

L'arco fi rodipe tt fta.troppo tefo. Ita/. Arcus nimsjntenfut 
rumpitur. Things are not to be drained beyond th^i^ tonus 
and flrength. This may be applied both to the body and 
the mind : too muc)i labour and iludy weakens and impairs 
both tke one and the other. 

G Otiik 

82 Prtuverbs that are 


Otia corpus aluntf animus ftfqut fujcitur Ubi $. 
Immodicus contra carfit utnmqut Uttmrm 

Bragh a good dog, but that he hath 16(1 his tail. 
Brag^s a good dog if he be well let On j t>ift he 

dare not Ifitc. 
Much bran and little meal. 
Beware of Ireed^ Cbejh. i. ^ an illbfccd. 
That that's Ired in the bone will hcvefout'df the 



Chi Pha per natura fin alia folTa dora. ItaL That iriudi 
, <^ines liattirally continues till death. The Latins aiid'Greeb 
lave many Proverbial fayiiigs to this pu'rpofe, as LitJAtg pihm 
mutat non mentem* The wolf may change his hair (for wolves 
iad hbrfes grow gray with age) but not his difpofidm. 
Naturam expdtas /urea litet v/ifue recnrtet, Hofat. 
and "OwoTf taoiiffi^ Toy Ko^pKUtov opOa Qa^i^nv, Ariftopb- VOQ QUI 

- never bring a crabfiih to go ftrait' forwards, li ^^3 ikynbrn 
i^ivor Of Cm. Wood that grows crooked will hardly be ftraigl* 
Cened. Perfons naturally inclined to lany vice will liuffly be 
reclaimed. For thi» Piroverb is for the molt part taken in fte 
worfe fenfe. 

Let every man ^raifc the iridgeht goes oveni. e. 

Speak Jtot ill of him vrho hath don^you a coiirfefy,or WI101B7OB 
Jiare ntmde afebf to your benefit; 6r do coinmonly makeide'of. 

Bridges were made for wife men to walk over,. and 

fools to ride over. 
A Irile will enter without knocking. 
A Iroken fack will hold no corn. 

This is a French Proverb ekgtifhed. Un fac percc m^it te- 
nir le grain : though I am not ignorant that there ai^ 'MHiny 
common both to France and England^ and fome that run throngh 
moil languages. Sacco rot to non txen migUo. Ital. Millet 
being one of the leafl of grains. 

A broken flceveholdeth the arm back. 
Much bruit little fruit. 
Who bulls the cow muft keep the calf. 
Mr. Howel failh, that this is a lam Provtrb» " • 

intin Sentences .83 

The lurnt child dreads the fire. . ■ ^^ 

Almoft all Langfuages afford us Sayings and Prpvf;i[]t¥^0;tli^s 
purpofe, fuch are traded ^f rt fvm^ h^Mt fiifipd* i*^' ii ;n 
9im^sywf Homer. Pi/cator i^us Jafer ; ftrvLck by the Scor-> 
pion fidi or Paftihaca, whofe prickles are eftei^ned venoa^oas. 
Can' fcottato da V acqua caldfaha paara poi ddla fredda. Ital. 
the fame we find in Frencb^ Chten efchaude cratnC I'eau J&oide, 
f . e Ttie fcalded dog fears cold water. 

Bufy will have bands. 

Perfons that are iQeddUng^andtronUefamemuft be tied fiioft. 

Who more bufy than they that have leaft to do ? 
Every man as his bufinefs lies. 
All is not ^«//^r the cowlhitKS. 

Noa e tat^o.bat)cp «che £l Ja vocca. JuJ. 

What is a.pound MhitttrtiM^% a kennd of JbtcHuids 
They that have good ftorc ofimtter may llay it iiiidc 
on their bread, [or put ibme 'in their ^flboesO 

Cuimultum eft piperis etiaih oleribus immifiet. 

That which .will not .be Mttermxiik benoade into 

They that have-no ochcr meat, bread 2BBik4mit§r >arc 

glad to eat. 
"Who bwfs hath need of an hundred eyes, who fells ^ 

hath.Gnoqgb of .one. 

This is an Italian Prmtmh Chi cqa^pta I\a bifogno dic^it ' 
occhiij chi vende ^* ha ailai de imq. ' And It is an iifiial/ayiiig. 
Caveat enitor^ Let the bnyer'look tialiiiniclf. The iefter kno^s 
both the worth and price of his commodity. 

( • • ^ 

Buying and felling is but winning and lofing.. 



d^'s-head will feaft an hunter and his . 

G 2 Aitian 

84 proverbs that are 

A man can do no more than he can* 
CartXiOt would have it. 
Care will kill a cat. 

And yet a Cat is (aid to have nine live». Curafacitcanoft 

Carets no cure. 

A pouhd of care will not pay an ounce of debt. 

Cento carre di pen fieri non pageranno un' oncia di debito* . 
lial. L ۥ An hundred cart-load of thoughts will not pay an 
ounce of debt. 

The beft cari may overthrow. 
A muffled cat is no good moufer. 

Gatta guantata non piglia mai forice. ItaL A gloved cat, &c« 

That cat is out of kind that fweet milk will notlap. 
You can have no more of a cat than her Ikin. 
The cat loves fifh, but fhe*s loth 10 wet her feet : 
Ory in rhyme tbus^ 

Fain would the cat fi(h eat. 
But flie*s loth her feet to wet. 

- Leclui'aime 1e poiiTon, maia il n' aisfie pas a raeuitler le 
patte. GalL In the fame words, ib that it Should feem we 
Dorrbwed it of the Fnncb, 

The more you rub a cat on the rump, the higher 

ihe fets up her tail. 
The cat fees not the moufe ever. 
.,WcIl naight the cat wink when both her eyes were 

out. . * 

When the cat winketh little wots the moufe what 

the cat thinkcth. 
Though the cat winks a while, yet fure (he is not 


t • 


intiri Sentinfesl , S j^ 

H6w can the C0f help Jt if the maid be a fool I 

This is an ItaUap ProveHby Ch^ ne puo la gatta fe Izm^rnxvL h 
matta. Npt letting Mp tiangs jGecureiy out ^ kef reach or way. 

That that comei^ of a ifif/, will catch mice. liaL 

Parallel whereto is that Italian proverb. Chi divgallina naioe' 
convien che rozole. That lukiih is bred of 4 ben wUfcttfti 
Chi da gatta nafce foripi piglia. //^/. 

A cat may look on a Sling. 

An old cat laps as much as a young kitlin. 

When the cat te away, the mice play. Ital. . - — 

Les rats fe promenent a P aife la op il n*x a point des cjiats « 

GaU. Quando la gatta non e in cafa> i jTorici baflanO. ItaL 


When candles are out, all cats are grey, 

Jone is as good as my lady in the dark. At^S o^tyl^ 9»9tt 

The cat knows whofe lips fhe Kcks. 
Cry you mercy, kjird my cat. 

This irfpoken to them who do one a (brewd tarn, and theff 
make fatisfa^on with aiking pardon or crying mercy. 

By bitirtji and fcratching, cats and dogs come to* 
getheP; or. Biting and fcratching gets the cat 
with kitlin, 

f . e. Men and maid-fervants, that wrangle and Quarrel mofir 
one with the other^ are often obferved to marry together 

Who (hall hang the bell about the cat^s neck ? 

Appicc^r chi vuoP il fonaglio a la gatta ? JtaLThe mice, at a 
confultation held how to ^cure themfelves from the cat» re- 
folved upon hanging a bell about her neck» to giv^ warning ' 
when fhe was near, but when this was refolved, they were as 
far to feek ; for who would do it. This may be farcaftically 
applied to thofe who prefcribe impoflible or. unpradlicable 
means for the effeding any thing. a 

G 3 A fcakicd 

86 Proverbs. that are 

A fcaldcd cat fears cold water, v. iri S. 

He chat leaves certainty, and fticks to chancc« 

When fools pipe he may dance* 4 

They may fit in the chair that have malt to fell. 
It cbanceth in an hour, that comes not in feVen years. 

Phu entmfati valet bora henigni ^uimji te Fimris eommendtt 
epiftola Marti. Horat. Every man is thought to have (bme 
lucky hour, wherein he hath an opportunity offered him of 
being happy all hj^ life, could he hut difcern it and embrace 
the occasion. Accafca in un punto quel che non accafca in 
cento anni. Ital, It falls out in an inflant which falls not 
out in an hundred years. 

There is chance^ in the cock's fpur. 
Chance of pafture makes fat calves. 
Charity begins at home. 

Self-love is the meafure of our love to our neighbour. Many 
fentences occur in the ancient GreeA and Latin PoeU to l^is 
purpofe, as, Omnesfibi melius ejfe maluut quam alteri. Terent. 
Andr. Proximus /urn ^gomtt mbi. ibid. ^i>M ^* ieunrH /M&A^ot 
ihU «^M», &c. a;. Erajm, Adag, Fa bone a te & tuoi, £ poi I 
gli altri fe tu puoi. ItaL MicS aoft^v S(k sk Atnf ^0^0$. 

Wheh good chear is lacking our friends will be 

Thofe that eat cherries with great perfons lliall hare 

their eyes fprinted out with theftones.jl 
Chickens feed capons. 

f. /. As I underftand it» chickens come to be capons, and 
capons were firft chickens. 

It's a wife child knows his own father. 

Ouyoifvti ru lor yont avr^ eitfyw. Homer. Odyfla. 

Child" ^ pig but father's bacon. 

Parents nfnally tell their children, this pig or this lamb 
is thine; but, when they come to be grown up and fold, pa* 
renip themfelves take the money for Siem. .^ 

Cbarre-folh art uffWf ft^i 

That is, give them u^hat you will they are i^pm qoBtentidi. 

When the child is chriftcnedj you m^y hairc goiif 
fathers enough. ' ^ 

When a man's need is fapptied^or his occafion ^vcri |>eop|f^ 
are ready to ofiTer their affiiance or fervke. 

N ■ • 

Children and fools fpeak truth. 

The Dutch Provfirb hath it (i^iu. ¥9ft W *9l tci tifP^ 
truth from any but chUdren. p(|rf^^ df HiMf ^ <na4* f^i h^ 
Veritas,^ we know, gnftn^ft fofe fc^tfiixini. foft . • 

Children and fools have mpny lives^ 

For out of ignorance or forgetfulnefs and ina4iserfe9cy9 dief 
are not concerned either for what is pafl, or for what is to cdme. 
Neither the remembrance of the one, lior Year of the odber 
troubles them, but only the' fenfe of prefent pain : nothing 
fticks upon them. They lay nothing to heart. If ence it hatli 
been faid. Nihil fcirt $fl *uita jucundijimay to which that of 
Ecclefiaftes gives fome countenance : & that encuafitb itiovft 
liiige encrioftth firrotjo. 

Children fuck the mother when they arc young, 

and the father when they are eld. 
So we ha^ the chink we'll bear with the ftink« 

Lucri bonus eft 9dor ix re ^alihet, Juvenal. This was the 
Emperor Vefpafia^i viU^ti to thoic who complained of hii 
fetting gabels on urine and oth^r.f9rdi4 t)uQgs. - 

After a Chrifimas come$ a Lent. 

The Church is not fo large but the Prieft ' nniay 

- fay Service in it. 
The nearer the Church the furtj^lff frpm <j(oi^ . 

This is a FrcHch Proverb. Pres djp 1* e^ Vkl\ 

]Uet the CbMTcb ftand in the ChiircF-^ 

. s- 

88 Proverbs tiat are 


Where God hath* his Church the Devil will have 
his chapel. 

. Non fi tofto fi fa un templo I, Dio come il Diavolo d 
fabrica una capella appreAb. ItaL 

Pater nojier built Churches^ and ouf father pulls 
them down, 

I do not look upon the building of Churches as an argu- 
ment of the goodnefs of the Roman Religion, for when men 
have once entertained an opinion of expiating fin and me- 
riting heaven by fnch works, they will be forward 'enongh to 
give not only the fruit of their land, but even of ^their body 
for the fin of their foul : and it's eafier to part with one*s 
goods than one's (ins. 

Claw; a churl by the breech, and he will (hit in 
your fift. 

Perfons of a fervile temper or education have no fenic of 
honour or ingenuity, and mud be dealt with accordingly. 

Ungentem pungit^ pungcniem rwftcus ungit. 
Which fentence both the Prench and Italians in thei^ lan« 
guages have made a Proverb. Oignez villain qu' il voa$ 
poindra. GalL &c. Infomuch that one would be apt with 
. AriJlotU to think, that there Tixtfewi natnrd* 

The greateft clerks are not always the wifeft men. 

For prudence is gained more by pradicc and coiivcrfationi 
than by ftudy and contemplation. 

It's the clerk makes the Jufticc* 
Hafty climbers have fudden falls. ' 

Thofe that rife fuddenly from a mean condition to great 
cflate or dignity, do often fall more fuddenly, as I might eafily 
inftance in many Court-favourites : and there is reafon for 
it, becaufe fuch a fpeedy advancement is apt to beget pride, 
and confequently folly in them, and envy in others, which 
mull needs precipitate them. Sudden changes to extraordi- 
nary good or bad fortune, are apt to turn mens brains. A 
cader va chi troppo alto fale. ItaL 

The clock goes as it pleafes the dark. 
Can jack-an-apes be merry \^hen his clog is at his 
heels ? 


iniire Sentences.. 89 

Oofe fits by fhirty ,but cloiei: toy (kin. 

That is, I love my JTiiends well, but xnyfelf better : none fo 
dear to me as I am tOr myfelf. Or my body is dearer to* mc 
than my good«. Plus pr|U eft la chai^ che la qhemife. Gall. 

A ckfe mouth catchcth no flies. 

' People muft (peak and folicite for themfelves, or they ztt 
not like to obtain preferment. Nothing carries it like to- 
boldnefs and importunate, yea, impudent begging. Men 
#ill give to fiich>S difindendo^to avoid their trouble, who. would 
have no coniideration of the modeft, though never ib nducb 
needing or well deferying. Bocca trinciata mofca non ci e^« 
tra. JtaU 

It's a bad clotb indeed will take no colour. 

Cattiva e(juel}a lanacbenonfi puo (ingere. Jtal. 

Cloudy mornings turn to clear evenings, 

ffonfi malt nunc i^ olimfic erit. 

Better fee a clout than a hole oUt. * 

They that can cobble and clout^ fhall have worl^ 

when others go without. 
Glowiiig coals fparkle oft. 

When the mind is heated with any pallion, it ..will often 
break out in words and expreillons, Pfalm. xxxix. i. 

You muft cut your coat according to your cloth. 

Noi ftcciamo la fpefe fecondo I'entrata. ItaL We muft 
fpend according to oar income. Selon le pain il faut le cou- 
teau. Gall. According to the bread muft* be the^ knife, Zc 
Fol eft qui plus defpend que fa rente ne vaut. GalL ' He is a 
a fool that fpends more than his receipts. Bumptus fenfum ni 
/uperet. Plaut. Pcen. Mefi tenns propria fuive* Perf. 

Every cock is proud on his own dunghill. 

Callus in fuo fttrquilinio plurimum poteft. Senec. in ludicro. 
The French (ay, Chien fur fon fumire eft hardi. A dog is flout 
ion bis own dunghill. 


^ Pron)irb$ that ake 

Let him that is c^ld btowr the ceoL 

In the coldefi fiint there is hot fire. 
Cold of complexion good of coaditk)?. 
A ragged col^ may make a good horfe. 

An unhappy hoy may make a good mth. It it nfed feme* 
times to fignify, that children, which ftcm left hfjodjCcifie 
when young, do afterwards grow into ihm and cqpntiqeft ; 
as on the contrary we iky. Fair in the oraalft and fpq| ib tli>t 
laddie : and the Scots^ A kindly aYtr will never vud^t i 
good horfe. 

Company makes cuckolds. 

Comparifons are odious. 

Conceited goods are quickly ipent. 

Confefs and be hang'd. 

An evil emfcience breaks many a man's neck. 

He*s an ill cook that cannot lick his own fin^rs^ 


Celuy gonveme bien mal le miel qui n' en X9&^ Ic (es 
doigts n' en leche. GalL He is an ill keeper oi honey wh(i 
taftes it not. 

God fends meat, and the Devil fends cooks. 
Salt cooks bear blame, but frefli bear Ih^me. 
Corn and horn go together. 

i, e. for prices, when corn is cheap cattle are not deaf, {^ 

'via *ver/a* 

Much com lies under the draw that is not feen. 

More coji more worihip. 

rU not change a cottage in pofleflion for a kingdom 

All covet all lofe. 
Covetoufnefs brings nothing home* 

Qui tout convoite tout perd. Gall & qui trop empoignt 
rien n' eftrain'd. He that gvvSm at too much holds nift no- 
thing. The fable of the dc^ is known, who» catching at the 
appearance in the water of the Shoulder of mutton he had in 
his mouth, let it drop in and loft it. Chi tutto abbraccia 
nulla ftringa. ItaL 

A cougb will ftick longer by a horfe than half a 
peck of oats. 


irttire Smtimes^ ' 9r 

Good counfel nwcr c^#i#s t(» l9C«« 

For if goody iC duift firit die time ivliett it is giren. 

Counf not your chickens before chcjr be hatch'd. 
^ So many countries fo uuuiy cufioms, 

Tant dd geas tamt d« gviib^ Gall. 

A man muft go old to the Ccuri and young to a 
ClojfieT^ that would go from thence to heaven. 

A friend id Court is worth ii penny in a man's 

Bon fait avoir amy en cour^ car le proces en efi plus coort* 
GalL A friend in Coart makes the procefs ikor;. 

Far from Court far from care. 
Full of courtefy full of craft. 

Sincere and tme-heaited perfons are kaft given to cdht- 
pliment and ceremony. It's fuipicions he hath ibme de£gn 
upon me who courts and flatters me. Chi te fa piu carezza 
che non vuole. O ingannato t'ha, o ingannar te vttok. ItaL 
He that makes more of you than you deflre or exped» either 
he hath cozen'd yon or intends to do it. 

Lcfs of your courtefy and more of your pur^. 

Ri ofitulatutum nan *ueriii. 

Call me coufin t^ut cozen me not. 
Curs'd cows have fhort horns. 

Dai Deux immiti eamua curta l§vu 
Providence fo diipofes that they, who have will, want power 
or meansrto hurt. 

Who would keep a cow^ when he may have a pot- 
tle of milk for a penny ? 


92 Proverbs that are 

Many a good cow hath but a bad calf. 

*'Av^^U¥ yi(vu¥ Tinijc vrijjMlec. Heroum flit nox^* Tlm^^yiff^ 

a;ii»«. Homer > OdyJj\ % jEUus Sfaritanus in the life of Sruem 
ihcwsjby many examples, that men famous for learning, vir- 
tue, valour, or fuccefs have, for the mod part, either left be- 
hind them no children, or luch as that it had been moftibr 
their honour and the intereft of human affairs that they had 
died childieis We might add unto thofe, which he prodoe- 
ceth, many inflances out of our ov/n hiftory. So EiiwarJtks 
iirft, a wife and valiant Prince, left us ^^/'u^^r^ the iecowl ; 
Ednvard the black Prince Richard the fecond : Henry the fifth, 
a valiant and fuccefsful King, Henry the lixth a yery unf(»w 
tunate Prince, though otherwife a good man. And yet t)ieie 
want not in hiflory inflances to the contrary, as among the 
French, Charles MartelU Pipin and Charlemain in contumi 
furccfTion, fo Joftph Scaliger the fon was, in point of ichobr- 
fl;ip, : -^ whit inferior to Julius the father. Fortes creanturfir* 
tibus i^ bonis-, Sec, 

Whefe coin's not common commons muji be fcant. » 
A collier*^ cow and an alewife's fow are always wdl 

Others fay a poor man's cow, and then the re^fop is erldenti 
wii^ .1 coilier's is not fo clear, 


R*uch coin much care. 

Crrjcentem fequitur cura pecuniam. Ilorat. 

The greateft crabs arc not always the befl: meat. 

Great and pcod are not always the fame thing, though onr 
Lanji^urge often ni:Jces them fynonymous terms, as when we 
call a grt'at way a good way, and a great deal 4 good deaL. 
&c. in \vhich and the like phrafes good fignifies fbmewluit 
lef*. than great, ^vi%. of a middle fize or indifferent. Bmi^ 
alfo, in Laiin, is fomctimes ufed in the fame fenfe, as in that 
of Perjiusj Sat. 2. Bona pars procerum. Les grands boeqfs n^font 
pas les grands journees.Gtf//.Thegreatefl oxen ridnotmoftwork*^ 

Crahs breed babs by the help of good lads. 

Country wenches when they are with child ufually long for 
Crabs : or Crabs may fignify Scolds. 


irttire Sentences. 93 

There's a craft In dawbing 5 or. There is more craft 

in dawbing than throwing dirt on the wall. ^ 
There is a myftery in the meaneft trade. 
No man is his craft\-maficr the firft day, 

Neffuno na/ce maefiro* Ital. 

Shamelefs craving muft have, &c, v. in S. 

Yon muft learn to creep before you go. 

Soon crooks the tree that good gamhrel would be. 

A gambrcl is a crooked piece of wood on which butchers 
hang op the carcaiFes of beails by the legs, from the Italian 
word gamha^ fignifying a leg« Parallel to this is that other 
Proverb. It early pricks that will be a thorn. Adeo a tentris 
ajfuefare multum eft. 

Each crofs hath its infcription. 

CrofTes and afHiflions come not by chance, they fpting not 
ont of the earth, but are laid upon men for fome juft reafbn. 
Divines truly fay, that many times we may read the fin in the 

No crofs no crown, 

It*s ill killing a crow with an empty fling. 

The crow thinks her own bird faireft. 

Afinus afino^ fus fut pulchery H fuum cuique ptdchrum. . So the 
Ethiopians are faid to paint the Devil white. Every one is par- 
tial to, and well conceited of his own art, his own compofiti- 
ons, his own children, his own country, &c. Self-love is a 
mote in every one's eye ; it influences, biafles and blinds the 
judgments even of the moil modeft and perfpicacious. Hence 
it is (as Ariftotk well obferves) that men for the moft part Idve 
to be flattered. Rhetor, a. & A tous oifeaux leur nids font 
beaux. Gall. Every bird likes its own neft. A ogni grolla 
paion' belli i fuoi groUatini. //«/• 

A crow is never the whiter for wafliing heri<$lf 

often. I 

No carrion will kill a crtyuo^ , YC 

Cunning is no burden. 

It is4)art of BMz goods, it will not hmder a man's flight' 
when the enemies ar« a.t hand. 

1 l( 

^4 Prawrh that are 

Maay ihicigs £itl i»twecfi liie di^ a^ {he lip. 

Multa cadtmt imttr uiUtm /ufrmuifui lahrM. 

Gellio. De la main I la bouooe fo perd Ibavent la ibope: 
G^. Between the hand and die moutk the ,brotli is aiaoy 
times ihed. Entere la bouche & le cucillier'Ticnt Soavent 
grand deftoEiirbier. GaU. 

What cannot be cured muft be endured* 

Le*viu4jitpatientiaquic^uidcorrigirreft w^as. JHo/mt* Qd. 

A bad cuftom is like a good cake, better brduB 

than kept. 
A cursM cur muft be tied fliort. 

A mefchant chien court lion. QtilL 

Cuftom is another nature. 

Defperate csits muft have defperate cures. 


HE that will not be ruled by liis owjn Jiam^ 
muft be ruled by his Aep-dame. 
He dances wdtl to whom lEortune pipes^ 

Aflai bqi bf^Ua i, du Fortpna fuona. ItaL T|ie J^imm^^ 
A Proverb. Mieude vaut une once de fortune qi^ jupip |iffp Je 
i^geffe. JBctter is an ounicp ,of good Forgone ^HMH -^ifWfAli 
. good foiec^ft. 

They love Jancing well that dance amoog-fhom 
When you go to dance^ tafke. heed whoiji jrou p^ 

by the "hand. 
It's as good to be in the dark as without It^t. 
Jone^s as «ood as my lady in the dark. v."4h I. 
One may lee day at a. little hole. 
The better day the better deed. ' - ^ 

A bon jour bon oeuvrc. QsIL . 
Di€enda hn&funt bona verba dU* 


. . « 


iMire Sentences. g^g 

He never birofce hw hoar that- kept his day. 
To dajf a man,TO-morrcw a moufe. 
To day me, to-morrow thee. 

AtijOurti* hxtyKoy, diftnain ricn. ^a/L 

The Ibligeft itoy inuft have an end. 

I'll n'efl fi grand jour qui ne vienne a veipre. Gall. Non 
vien diy che non venga fera\ Ital. 

Be the day never fo long, at length comcth cven- 

*Tis day ftill while the Sun Ihines. 
Speak well of the dead. 

Mortuis non coniiiciandumf i^ De mortuis nil nijihonum* Kami 
'^fta cvnt'Morrui itonr mordent mquum efi ut tmrdeantur. 

A dead modfc feels no cold. 
He that waits for dead mens flioes may go lonjg 
enough bare-foot. 

A longue corde tire qui d*autruy mort defire. GaU. H« 
1idYh>%ut a t*old ibit #%bloa^s (br^atf^thtrmtd's detth. 

After death the Dodof. 

This is a French Frwerh^ h'^xtz la nfOft lemedecin, parallel 
to that ancient itrrAJ^ one, 'MfUi^^^MTQ atffi^^. -Fift Mlum 
'mMUM. Vie tfind at in '^Mtili4ot'a Bechin. * CmdavirHL 
fajii, with another of the like import; ^md^qu^ midtcium 
mortuomm /era eft ? ^uid quod nemo of sum inftmdit in dneres t 
After a man^ff hoafeis bonu to aibesyit'tto^bto topoor o»water» 

Who gives iN^ay' his good8biefot<rWfi>ikMi^ ' 
Take a beetle and knock hifn'itttf'ffi^l 

• • ^ • • - 

Chi dona il'fao intlutei«MlriM4l4^||| 
Jtal. He that.giveaaWmy'luttM^^ 
himfelf to fofier. 

96 Pro^erBs that are 

He that could know what would be dear^ 
Need be a merchant but one year. 

Such a merchant was the Philofopher Tbalesp of whom iC 
]5 reported, that to make proofy: that it war in the power of a 
Philofopher to be rich if he pleafed, he forefecing a fatnre 
dearth of Olives, the year following, bought up at eaiy raw 
all that kind of fruit then in mens hands. 

Out of debt out of danger. 

'£v^i iiM9 f«ii}^» hfvs^f. Happy he that owes ilothtng; ' 

Defperate cuts muft have, £sfr. v. in C. 
There's difference between ftaring and ftart blind! 
[or mad. j 

This Proverb may have a double fenfe. If you reaiX it fiark 
mad, it fignifies, that we ought to diftinguim* and not prfc- 
fently pronounce him (lark mad that fkres a little^ or kim a. 
rank fool who is a little impertinent fometimes, &e. If yov 
^ead it (bu-k blinds then it hath the fame fenfe with that of 

. Efi ittiir Tanaim medium /octrumque VitellL 

and is a reprehenfion to thofe who put no difference between 
extreamSf as perfect blindnefs and Lynceus^% fight. 

He that would eat a good dinner let him catf 9 

good breakfaft. . 
Dinners can't be long, where danties want. 
He that faveth his dinner will have the mora^r 

his fupper. 

This is a French Proverb, Qui garde fondifffe iltndeox 
a fouper. He that fpares, when he is young, may the better 
fpenff when he u old. Mai foupe qui tout difne; He fupyill 
who eats all at dinner. 

An ounce of dijcretion is worth a pound of witr 

The French fay, an oanc^ of good fortune, &c. Bikoi nwife 
5ttXa|Jic» n fftfuf «ri$oj\ Nazianz. Gutta fmrtuna prst MU /it- 

1 will not nfiake my di/h-clotU my table cloth. 


intire Scniini-eu 97 

It^s a fin to bcly the Devil. 

Give the jDm/ his due. 

He that takes the Deiil mto his] boat rtiuflt carry 

hirh over the Sound. 
He that hatfc fhipp'd the Dm/ muft make the 

beft of hiny^ ' 

Seldom lies the Devil dead in a ditch^ 

We arc not tatmft the Devil or his Children, though thev 
feem iwivef ib gentle or harmlefs, wit]iout all power or will 
io hurt. Thcinciehts, in a ProverWal Hy^erhoUy faid of a wo- 
^an, Mulieri n} credas ne mdrtua pndemi becaofe you might 
have good reafon to fufped that ihe feigned ; we may with 
more reafon fay the like of the D^vij' and diabolical -^xfygiii 
When they fcem moft mortified. Perchance this Proverb may 
allude to the fable of th^e fox, which efcaped by feigning him- 
UM dead. I know no phrafe more frequent ih 3ie mouths 
, of t^ Fnn^h and Italians than this. The Devil is .dead,, to 
fig^iiy that a difficulty is almoft conquered, a journey almoU * 
kcLiisit^^ or as we fay. The neck of a buiiiiefs is broken. • 

Talk of the Devil arwi he'll either come or iencf. 
As good eat the Devil^ as the broth hfc^is boirdiin 
The Devil rebukes fin. 

Clodius accufat nuecBos, Miorum mtdicus ipfe ulceribus fcaies* 

The DeviN child the Devil's lucfc. 

He muft needs go whom' the Devil drives. 

He had need of a long fpoon, that eats wilth the 

The JD^/7ftiit<#npon a great heap. 
Tl*e Devil is good when he is plcafed. 
Tht Devil IS never nearer than when we are talk-. 

ing of him. 
The DeviPs meal is half bran. 

La farine du diaUe n'e que bran, ot s* ct va nioitie ea 
bran. GaJJ, 

What is gotten over the DeviPs back is fpent un- 
der his belly. 

Mak porta male dilahmntur. What is got by oppreffion or 
extortion, is many times fpent in riot and luxury. 

H Every 

9? Prowf'bs thai dt€ 

Every dog hath hi» day, and every man hishbar; . 
All the dugs follow the fait bitch. 
Love me and love my d$g. 

Qui aime Jean aime ioA chien. GaU^ Spe£fe v^Ite & lulFjii^ 
petto al cane per il padrone. 

He that would hang his dog gi^s out firft^ t^ 

he's mad. 

He that is about to do anv thing difingenuoat, imw<»t]iy» or 
of evil fame, firft bethinks himicli of fome ptauftblcpiMteiice. 

The hindmoft dog may catch the hare. 
He that keeps another man^s id^ ihall have Mdung 
left him but the line. 

This is a Grttk Proverb. ^O^ ^jo, rp^» ((n»."rirf- pAm^TIS/^ 
ft,im. The meaning is, that he who beftows a benefit iipM ■» 
ungrateful peribn lofes his cofL For if a dog break leofe he 

Srefently gets him home to his former mafter^ learing the eoid 
e was tied with. 

What ? keep a dog aftd bark myfelf. 


That is, muft I keep fervants» and do my woik myMf^ 

Thefe are more ways to kill a dog than hanging. 
Hang a dog on a crab-tree, and he'll never lovt 
verjuicer n 

This is a ludicrous and nugatory faying, for a dog onie 
lianged is pafl lovin? or hating. But gtRerallymea and bfuff^ 
fhun thofe things, by or for which they have fmacted, . . 'Xf 

gdafUs in Jmpelur^o apud Siobaum. ' ^■■ 

Etmea cymbafemtl nfaftd percuffa procella, .:* 

Ilium quo Utjkeft^ borrtt aatrc locum. OvkL 

JD^^j bark before they bite. * ■ ■*■ 

It*s an ill dog that deferves not a cruft. y^'^^\ 

Digna cams pabuh. 'A|iai i ni^ t9 ^pi^loc. Ermf*- airS 

itjtire Sentences, ,99 

A good dog deferves a good bone. 
It is an ill aog that is nuc worth the whiftHtig. 
Better to have- a dcg fawn on you than bite •fou. 
He that lies down with dogs rnuft rife uj* with fl*!ts. - 

Chi con cane dorme con poke fi leva. Iial. Qyi fe couche 
BTcclcs chiens ft k*c avec des piKcs. Gail. 

Give a child 'titt he cravts, and t Aog while his tail 
doth wave, and you'll have a fair dog but a foul 

The dog that licks afhes tnift not with meal. 

Tbe Itakaai Iky this of a cat, Gatto cbc lecea ctnere tan fiJut 

Into the mouth of a bad doj^ often falls a good 

Souvent a maurais chien ton^ un bon os en gueak. Gall. 

Hungry dogs will eat dirty puddings. 

ycjanui rarifitmaebm tiu^aria ttmnil. 
A la faiiti tl R*y3 point dc manvaij pain. Gaff. To him who 
is'hungry anv bread fecms good) or none comes amifi. L>' 
Afmo chi ha ujhc mangia d' ogoi Uraine. ItaL 

It's an eafy thitig to find a ftaff to beat a (ftjf j or, . 
a tlone 10 throw at a dog. 

Qaiveutbatnefini chien troureaflaz drb«lbns.Gi/7. Ma&- 
fattrt jui vail tM/juam mm eoMfam iuvtnit. Pub. Mimus. He 
who hath a miitd to do mo a mifchicf, will eafily find fome' 
pretence- Mn^ vfa^wnt 'ifi t5 vr^iifB' Katif, To do evil, a 
llight pretence or occafion will ierve mens twn>. A petite 
achoifun le loup prend le mouton. Gail. 

An old dog will learn no tricks, v. in O. 
Do well amdhave well. 
Draffe is good enough for fwtne. 
He that's down down with him. 

lOo Proverbs that are 


nr well \ ^^^ f^'dom dry, 

c have fwecteft waten 

Pufitu fi hauriatur nulinr e^vadit. ^pialx ovlXtifMfM 0tP^ 
yUilui. BafiL /« eftfi. ad Euftacbium medicum. All things, eipe- 
cially mens parts, are improved and advanced by ufe and exer- 
ciie. Standing waters are apt to corrupt and putrify : wea- 
pons laid up and difufed do contraft ruft, nay tne vtry air, if 
not agitated and broken with the wind, is thought to be un- 
healthful and peftilential, eipecially in this our native country, 
of which it is faid, AftgUa *veniofaifi mn 'vento/a venem/a* 

Golden dredms make men awake hungry. 
After a dream of a wedding comes a corpfe. 
DrafFe was his errand, but drink he would have. 
Drunken folks feldom take harm. 

This is fo far from being true, that on the contrary, of mj 
pwn obfervation, I could give divers inflances of fuch as have 
received very much harm when drunk. 

Ever drunk ever dry. 

ft • 

Parthi quo plus hi bunt e^plusfiiunt* 

What fobernefs conceals drunkennefs reveals. 

^od eft in corde fihrii eft in are ehriim To m xap^ rn fifovioi: 
irl T?5 yXuirliuq *tq} t2 faS^o/l^. Plutarch. .irf§» i^o^io-p^Ja;. Erafinus 
citat to this purpofe a fentence out of Herodotus, ^Ouv ia»T»oyk^ 
'«7»«Ai80iy tmi, when wine iinks, words fwim : and Plini^ hath 
j^n elegant faying to this purpofe, Finumu/que adeo mentis ar^ 
€ima prodity ut mortifera itiam inter pocula loquantur homines, £ff 
«^ perjugulum quidem redituras *voces cofstineant, ^id noh ebrietas 
defignai f operta reciudit. 

lie that kills a man when he is drunk^ niufl be 

N^ hang*d when he is fober. 

The ducks fare well in the Thames, 

2)«;^ folks get no lands. . 

This is a parallel to that. Spare to fpeak and fpare to Q>eed i 
't&d that former, A clo(e inouth catcheth no flies. 



'in ft re S ententes. ibi 


• • • 

EARLT up and never the nearer. 
Early fow early mow. 
Ic early pricks that will be a thorn; 


Soon crooks the three that good gambrcl would be. 

The early bird catcheth the worm. 

A penny-worth of eafe is worth a penny. 

The longer Eajl the fliorter Weft 

You can't eat your cake, and have your cake. 

Vorrebbe manglar la forcaccia U trpvar la in tafca. ItaL 

Eating and drinking takes away one*s ftomach. 

En mangeant l*appctit fe perd. To vMch. the French have 
another feemlingly contrary. En mangeant 1' appetit vicnt, 
parallel to that of ours. One (houlder of mutton draws down 

JJe that will eat the kernel muft crack the nut, 

* . 

^/ nucleum ejfe njult nucom frang&t 9porM, No gains withoot 


Madam Pamela crack the nut and eat the kernel. 

Eaten bread is forgotten. 

Jt's very hard to (have an egg. -»— 

Where nothing is nothing can be had. 

An egg will be in three bellies in twenty-four hours. 
Better half an egg than an empty (hell. 

Better half a loaf than no bread. 

Ill egging makes ill begging. 

Evil perfons, by enticing and flattery, draw on others to be 
as bad as themfelves. 

H 3. All 

104 Proverbs that are 

JHe that hath but one eye fees the better for it. 

Better than he would do without it : a ridiculous faying. 


Goodiface^ &c. v. band. 
Faint heart nc*cr won fair Lady. 

*AXX* o( yot^ ot^viMftti «i4pff wrolt r^'jrenov tqia-ccvlo, Suidas ex Eut 
folidey Timdi nunq-am ftatuere^ tropaum, Ja couard n' aur^ 
belle amie. GalL Y^x/Audmtesfortunaju'vat^ 

Fair feathers make fair fowls. 

Fair clothes, ornaments, and dreflcs fet ofF perfons, and 
make them appear handfome, which if ftripp'd of them would 
feem but plainly and homely. God makes, and apparel 
fhapes. I panni rifanno le flanghe, vei^i una.qolonna & p^r 
una donna. ItaL 

Fair words, &c. 'y. words. 
Fair and foftly goes far in a day. 

Pas a pas on va bicn loing. GalL Chi va piano va fapo h 
anche lontano. ItaL He that goes foftly goes fure and alfo far. 
He that fpurs on too fad, at nrfl fetting out, tires before he 
comes to his journey's end. Teftina lente. 

Fair in the cradle, and foul in the faddic, 
A fair face is half a portion. 
Praife a /^/r day at night. 

Or clfe you may repent, for many times clear mornings turn 
to cloudy evenings. La vita il fine e'l di loda la fera. The 
end commends the life, ^nd the evening the day. 

Thtfaireji filk is foonefl rtained. 

This may be applied to women. The handfomeft women 
are fooneft corrupted, becaufe they are moft tempted. It may 
alfo be applied to good natures, which are moft eafily drawn 
. away by evil company^ 


intire SentemtU. log 

Men fpeak of the Fair^ as things went with jtheip v 

there. '■•'' ''• '; '»•"•• 

If a man once /a//, all will tread on him. 

DejeSia arhore quivis ligna colUgit, Vulgus fequitur fhriunam 
}£ odit damnatos, Juveh. When the tree i^b ^flen eyeiy inai| 
gocth to it with his hatchet. GalL 

There's /^^^W in fellowjhip. 
Coipnion fame^ fcldo m to blan:\c, 

A general report is rarely without fome ground. No fmoke 
without feme fire, ^^p V hi^ vr^fjutJAt a,Teio?<KolM ivlttx fiJoAXoi 

Top much familiarity breeds contempt. 

Ntmi a familiar it as conterftum parit, E trihus opiimis, rihui * 
tnspejjlmie oriuniur ; e *uerita^i^iumt e familiar it ate contemftttSt " * 
i felicitate in vidia. Flvitzrch* ~ 

Fancy paflcs beauty. ^ . ,....:-- 

Fancy may boult bran and think it flour. . .. 

You C2itCifare well^ but you mull dry rbaft-meati 

Safle bonne famine fans trompe ny buccine. GalL Boult thy 
fine meal, and eat good paft, without report or trumpet's blafl« 
*0/ ^^-^Zvle^ ffibmvi vTivao-i. They that are thjrjfty drink iilentl/; 
$i corvus tacuiffet haberet 

Plus dapis ^ rix^e multv minus iwvidiaque. Horat* 

Far fetch'd and dear bought is good for Ladies. 

. . . .. ' * I 

Vache de loin a laid aflez. GalU 

Far folks fare well, and fair children die. 

People are apt to boaft of the good and wealthy condition 
of their far-oif friends, and to commend their dead children* 

It's good farting before one's own fire. 

A man, far from his good, is near his harm. 

Qui eil loing da plat eft prez de Ton dommagc. Gall, Far from 


tp5 Ptwerl^ thai are 

Ae £fli a»4near !0 Ut lofl^ for obnrnionly tliqr, that kre fait 
from the diA» flied their broth by the way. 

As good to be out of the world as out of the 

Faf drops fall from fat flefli. 

Fat forrow is better than lean forrow. 

Better have a rich hufband and a fbrrowful Hfe than a poor 
hafband and a forrowfol life with him, fpoken to encourage j| 
maid to marry a rich man, though ill conditioned. 

Little knows the/?/ fow what the lean one means, 
T^it father to the bough, (dc. v. in B. 
Where no fault is there needs no pardon. 
Every man hath his/<j«//i ; or. He is lifelefs that is 
• • faultlefs. 

Ut wtiis nemofitu na/citur* ^i/fue fuos faiimur mams. 

They that/?4/[^ e. hide] can find. 

It's good \.ofear the worft, the beft will fave itfelf, 

JHofeaJl to a Mifer's. 

li n' eft banquet que d' homme chicke. Gall^ 

Little difference between afeaJiMd^z belly-full. 
Better come at the latter end of a feajl^ thai) th6 

beginning of a fray. 
F<?^/!f»f h^^th ne^^ fellow. 
^o fence, againft a flail, Jll fortune. 

Some evils and calamities aifaalt fo violently that there is 
no reflfling or bearing them off. 

No man loyes \\\s fetters though of gold. 

Next to health and neceifary food, no good In this world 
more deiirable than liberty. ^ 

The fneji kwij iponeftHains.. : 
The fneji {hoe often hurts the foot. 


There is no/rf without^fotnc fcpgkft, , /'; 

Nul feu ftns foarfe. Cuff. ' "^ 

Ifff^ and water ai;* good fervants^ but bad roafters.., 
Fkrft come firft fcrvcd* j 

...,:. • ' 

Qgi premier arrive aqt inoulitj, premier d^if mouldre. G<?/r« 

It's ill j^/»j: before the net. One would rather think 

fifter the net. > 

'Hofijbing to fifliing in the fea. 

«- * 

(1 fiut jbeau peiS^her en eaa large. Oflilr I(^.s good fiihiqg ia 
ia)^ Waters. ' -^ . 

F;^ie5 are caft away,, that are c^ft into dry ponds. . 
It's good fij}:}ing in troubled waters^ / . • • 

I) A* JF |i p^i^fae qo^^en caw troojble. GaUi In troubled! wa^ 
ters; that is, in a time of publick calamity, when all tbia^ 
are in confuiion. 

• • • • 

Ffc&i fjb and new cpnie gucft$ fmeU, by that they 
are thr^ dayiold. 

L' hofte & le poiflbi;i paffe trois jours pucnt GalL "Ptfci^ n't- 
M0n eft rnji rectus, Plaut. Ordinary friecds are weicome at 
nrft^ but .we fbon grow weary of them. 

f he beft fijh fwiip near the bottpqi. 
'Still h^ffieih rhw catcheth one. 

.Trousjours pefche qi)i en prend un. Gall* , 


VJhcn flatterers meet the Devil goes to dinner, 
"Where eyery h^ind fleecetb the fhcep goes naked. 
All/^ is nocvenilbn. 

This is a French Proverb. Toute chair ^' efl pas venaifoa. 


Flejh ftands never fo high but a dog will venture hit 

A flew will have an ebb. 

lo8 Proverbs thai' 'are 

He would hinfly^ but he wan|s fip^thers; 


-k ♦ - 

Sine pennis 'volar e baud ftcile eft* Plaut. in Poenulo, NothiM 
of momcfit can be done without necefiary helps^or convent* 
ent means. Non fi puo volar fenza ale. bal* 

How can the fde amble, when the liorfp a;>4 tn^ 

A fool and his money arc foon parted, . r 

No fool to the old fool . 
Every man hath 2l fool in his flecve. 
Fools will be meddling, 
A fool may a(k tnore queftions in art hour, thfin 4 

wife man can anfwer in feven years. 
A fool may ptit fomewhat in a wife body's head* . 
A /(^^rs bol; is foon ftiot. - 

De fol jage brieve fen^^ce. GaiL A fooliih jadgo {mflfcs 4 
^nick fentcnce. , ^ : ., . . 

As the /(?^/ thinks fo the bell tinks, or clinks, 
""Fools fet ftools for wife folks to ftumble at. 
Fools build houfes, and wife men buy them; 
Fools make f^^afts and wife men ^at them. 

Le fols font la fefte 8c les fages ]e mangent. GalL Tl^efiuac 
almoft word for word. • ^ 

Fools lade wat<*r and wife rtien catch the fi(h. 
The fool will not part with his bable.for the 

Tower of London; 
If every /Wlhould wear a bable fcwel would be 


Si tous les fols portoient le marrottc, on ne feait de quel 
bois s' efchauffcroit. GaiL 

Send zfool to the market and a fool he will return 

The Italians fay, Chi beftia va h Roma beftia retorna. He 
that goes a beaft to Rom returns thence a beaft. Change of 
V placet. 

pl^s*changes not itens miiids ormanncn. CahOn ueu 4tmmtm 

mutant qui trans mare currunt* 

Fortune favours /(?tf/j 5 pr, fools have tbehfihuk. 


fort una fa^et fatuis* It's but equal. Nature haring aotr 
that Fortune ihould do fo. 

• ■ . 

It*s good to go on foot when a man hith a horfe in 
his hand. 

Al aife marche a pied qui mene (oil cheval par la bride.C«/A 

Forbearance is no acquittance. 
In ^t forehead and the eye the Icfturc of the mind 
doth lie. 

Vultus index anitni* 


To forget a wrong is the bcft revenge. 

Delle ingiurie il remedio e lui fcordarfi. ttal, h/trpu ejt 
muimi exigutfue voluptas Ultio, Juvenal. 

It's not good praifing zford^txW a man be over. 

Fore-wam'd fbre^armM. Pramonitut^ pr^emunitus. 

Forecaji is better than work-hard. 

Every one's faults are not Written in thtir/orebeads. 

The fox preys farthcft from his hole. 

To avoid fufpicion. Crafty thieves ileal far from home. 

The fox never fares better than when he is bann'd 
for curs'd.] 

Populus mefihilat Mi mUnplaudt 

Ipfi domif qiioties nummos contempkr in mxam Horac. 

It's an ill fign to fee zfox lick a lamb. 
When the fox preaches beware of your geefc. 



ft 16 JPwMnb that are 

T}rir,c|uoth th^fdx^'^\itn ht pifs*d on thcke. /fe faw 
itJmok*dj and thought there would he fire ire long. 

■ - ■ • ^ 

■ T*hisls fpoken id Jcrifion to tliofe which have grtat exj)dfta- 
tion from fome fond ddign or undercaking« which is not 
'likely to fucceed. 

Fie upon, hfps (qwoth the/fly) bccaufc he could not 

reach them. ^ 

T\it fox knows much,butmore hethat datcheth him, 
£wry/49x mull pay bi$ own flun to the flayer. 

Tutto le volpi fi trouvaao »a p^Ilkera. ItaL En fin lef reg- 
fiards fe cronvent chcz le pelletier. Q^U^ The crafty are ait 
length furprifed. Thieves mbi! commortly come to th* gaflows 
at tail. 

What's freer than a gift ? 

It's good to have iomtjri^nds both in heaven and 

,pe is- my friendt that grindcth at my rnill^ 

That (hews me real kindfte^. 

A friend in need is a frksui indeed. 

Prove thy friend t^xt thou have need. 

All arc wn friends that fpeak w fair^ 

He's a good friend that fpeaks well, on us behind 

our backs,, 
No longer fofter no longer friend. 
As a man is friended^ ib the hw is ended. 
Where (hall a ofian hare a worie frirad thu he 
. brings from home ? 
Trends may -meet, bat motmtains never greet. 

Mons cum monte non mifcehiiur : Pares turn paribus. Twd 
haaghty perfons will feldom a|^ee together. Deux bommes 
fe rettcoAfreni bien. taai^ jamais deittx momagnes. Gall. 

Many kinsfolk, few friends^ 

One'f hmdred ate tiot alway* to |b# accounted on^'s frienda* 
though in our Language they be fynonymous terms. There 
is a &iead thatfticketh clofer than a brother. 


intke SentMcHw / til 

Oiie God no mor?^ lefot friends good ftore^ 

*£k 0i^( k; f^^os oro^Xat. C^i^/ l>^iv/, fed f lures anddpaf0uSt 

Wherever you fee yqm friend truft yourfelf. 
A friend is never known *dll ortc have need* 

eertns in re intiPis armiur. Cic. ex BuliiiEh 

Scilicet utfulvum Jf«3atur in ignihus aumm% 
Tempore Re duro eft infpicienda fides, Ovid. 
'Avj^ x»KMff m^cn^^ wm^w f tXei Friends (land afar off*, 
tvhen a man is in adverfity. 

What was good the Friar riever lov^d. 
When the Friar^s beaten, tlien comes Jsffes. 

Mftfifr '^««^«tf i ^vfAfM}^ Sig eft etd puffuepwtM repera&iL 

The Friar preached againft ftealing when he had a 
ptktding in his fleeve, 

II ffate predicata^ che non fi doveiTe robbare 8c lui haveva 
V occha nel fcapulario. Lai. The fame with the £nglift^ 
O^ly gooie inftead of podding. 

To fright a bn^d is not the way to catch her. 

Qui Teut prendre qn oifeau qu' il ne 1' affarooche. Gall. 
The fame with xYitEngUjb. 

The frog cannot out of her bog. 
Froft and fraud both end in fouL 

A (aying ordinary in the mouth of Sir Ttomas Egn^onp 
Lord Chancellor 

Take away /pte;is/ uke away flame. 

Remove the tale-bearer and contention ceafeth. SineCerert 
t^ Liber friget Venus. 



1 12 Provirbs that .are 

The fartheft way about's the nfearcft way hoiBew 

Wh^ is gained in the fhortnefs may be lofl in the goodnefs^ 
6f tlie iva/. Compendia p'ierumque/unt difpendia* 

F/VAif hflMrc cy<?s, and woods fravie ears. 

• - • ■ • , 

^ Bois on^dreilles, & champs oeillets. G^i//. Some hear ind 
iee hipn wKonr he heiiietK and ieejth not; For fields have eyet^ 
and woods have ears, ^e wot. Heywood. 


r ' 

TOUCH a gaWd hbrfe oh th* fcacfe, atfcf ^elt 
kick [or wince.] 

• Try your (kill in gals firft, and then in gold* 


In Care peficulum^ fubaudiy^r. Caret olim notdti futtt^ quod 
frimi intam mercede locabunt. They were die firft metcenaiy 
foldiers. Pradlife new and doubtful experiments in. cheap 
commodities, or upon things of fmall value, 

/ . 

You may gape long enough, eVe t bird fall in your 

He that gapefb until he be fed, well: may he gape 

until he be dead. 

C'cftfoilc defeeer centre un four. GaUm 

No gapif^ againft an oven. 

Make not z gauntlet oi a hedged glove. . 

Whatfs a Gentleman but his'pleafure. 

^i^mUman withoxit livings 16 like a pudding with- 
out fcwet. 

Gentry fent to m4rket, will not buy one bufhcl .of 

G^»//7//)' without abilityjis worfethan plain beggery. 

Giff gaffe was a good man, but he is foon weary. 

Giffe gaffe is one good turn for another. 



intire Sentences. 11% 

Look not a ^y/>'h6rie m th« isawth;"' ' -. ": :*T< 

It Te^s this WM'S Latin Praverl^in AVnm'j time, £n^»T 
quotes it t) ut of hit preface to hii commentaries on the epiftle 
to the Bfbcfiani, Hoii (ut •uit^art ifi fro^iiamj tqui Jtf^ 
infpUerc dtnati. h cavHl donate nen guftrdar in bocca. itid. 
A cbeval domne' il nC' faul pas regudefaux dens. Gal/, it 
11 alfo in o'tlicr m6defi) Laitguagies.' 

There's not fo bftda G;// but there's as bad a ^//. 
Giving much to the po6r"abtii1hcrealfiv™*o'» 

ftore :■■ . . ■;.■.-::- '.-i, -.:/ .-■-■: O ' 

Give.a thing and take a thing, &fc. 

pr, give a thing and take again, ' ." 

.. And you ffjali ride in l^rfrs wain; ' > 

PIat» mentions this as a child's Proverb in Tiis' time. Tiw 

if^Uf ieSitlar i^iftmt UK -^i, which witll Ol alfo COntlBUei' 1 

. Proverb among children to thit day. 

Betterfill,a^ia//™'s bellythanhis' eye. 

Les yenxplus grands qae lapaace. Gal/. Fia tofto fi fab^ 
U ventre che 1' occhio. Iia/. 

A belly full of gbtttottf lyill never fhidy wiUmgly, 
i.e. the old proverbial VcffC: 


Man doth what he can, and GA/whathe will. > 
When Gflii wills, all winds bring r»n.' 

Deal undicuMmi iuvat Bta^ fr^tiiut. firaf;" La'oiiDie* ve«t 
ajileit. G«S- 

<CW fends corn, and the Devil :inarrs the l«ck. 
■Goi fends cbW after clothet.' -. . . 

After dothes, J. /'. accwdiag't* tbtjwvple!* clothe*. Di« 
donne le froid felon k dnp. Gall. 

Goi is where he was. 

Spoken to encourage People in any diflrcl^. 

I Not 

114 Prpvtrh Aot ^ 

Not God above g«? all njena loi^. 


God knows well which ar€ the bjcft Pilgrims* 
What God will, no froft can kill. 
Tell me with whom jhpu gpe^^ and Ml tell (hce 
what thou doeft. 

La mala conpansiae %Qt}Li cite mcna Jiooimiu a la fttrca.iS^4f* 

Cold goes in at any gate except Heaven^s. 

PJbilip, Jlexatufer^s fathpr, was report^ to fey, thi^r he £d 
not doubt to take any caijble of cittadel, let^^ iiktnt he' &^ 
rer (o fteep and diMcuIt^ if he could but dnre iaf' lin a& la* 
dcft with gold to the gate. 

All is not gold that glitters. 

Tout ce qui lait n' eft pas or. . Gall. Non e oro tu||^ quel cfae 
hice. Ital, Fronti ftutlajfiaes.* ]\>vtxi, i ». 

A man may buy gold too dear. 

Though goodht good, yet better is better, or bet-*. 

tpr carries if, 
That's my good that ^9^ n^p gpp^, 
Some good things I do not love, a good long mile^ 

good fmall beer, and a good old woman. 
Good enough ia Vfiy^T ought. 
A good man c^. i)o more kari|) than a i^ei^p* 
Jljl^ottpn i^^fi^ fcldom profper. 

Delia robba di mal acqnifla son fe ae vede allegrezxa.. f^^ 
Andy Vien prefld confni^atoP ingiuftamente acquiftato. "De 
xnal evena r agaean k k mat recoarne le peau. GiJf^ Tf 
naught it goes £at came fro^i naugh^, JC^ i^jjk^ V awN^ 
Hefiod. mala lucra igqualia damms. Mali porta mate dHamtm* 



That that^S good lauce for z^oi^Si is good for g 

• • • » 

^Tliis is a Woman's Provfcrb. 

There's meat lii a goofe\ eyc^ - 

As deep drinketh iht gooffy ^ the gadder. 

Goofe^ and gander, and gofUng, are three £;>uiidsi 

but one thing, 
A Gcjbewk beats tlot at a bumiog; 

jdquila non capit mufcai* 

Grau win lad, favour will blall. 
Whik the ffrdfs grows« the fUed ftaryet « 

Cava! non morire^ che herba de venire. Itai* 

Grafs grows not upon the high -way. 
Gfity and green make the worft medley. 

'Tmfijemfi miUii 9urj^/imtk amot. Ovid. An old Xtidyiat 
H^ compared lo an owm^ or leck» wkick hath a white head but 
a green tail. 

Gray hairs are death's bloflbais. 
Great gifts are from great men. 
The Gull comes. againft the rain. 


Ackney miftrefs hackney maid. 

hira tales pediffeqtuf. Etf tits ^wipcts eU ttuns fUfJflAtfeti. Catuttk 
dominam imkimtmr. Ftdems muHm (tnquit Ejrtfmas) i^ MtUtausi^^ 
opukntarum muUerum dilicias^faftumf lafci'oiam tot amque fere mo^ 

Bad Ififo is good without mudard. 
Half an acre is good land. 

1 » Nf 

ii6 , » Plover hi that ate! 
5Jo halting bbforc a cripple. 

For fear of being deleted. II ne faat pas dpcHer dev^ 
nn boiteux. Gall, 

Half an egg, tfr. ^. egg. 

Half a loaf, v. loa6 
Help hands for 1 hapve no lands. 
He is handfome that handfome doth. 
Half an hour's banging hfnders fiye miles ridmgi' 
It's better to be happy than wife^ 

E meglio clTer fortunato cKe favio. ItaL Gutta fortuMf 
fra dolio Japientia. Mieux vaut unc once de fbrtune qtr*Tihc 
libre de fageffe. GalL Ab ouD«e of good forcaae is better thaa 
a poundo? wiidom. 

Happy is he whofe friend's were born before him. 

I. ۥ Who hath rem rum I^horfparamlmff/einliBam, 

Happy man happy dole, or Happy man by his dole. 
Happy is the child whofe father went ta the DevU< 

For commonly they, who firft raife great eflates, do it eit&er 
by ufury and extortion, or by ft ati'd: »nd cosening, or by 
flattery and miniflering to other mens vices. 

Some have the bap^ fome ftick in the gap. 

Hap and half-penny goods enough, i. e. Good 

luck is enough, though a man hath not a penny 

left him. 
Set i&^ri heart againft hard hap^ A' 

. Tune cede malis, fed contra audentior ito. In re mala animofi^ 
hoho utare adjuvat, - 

Hard with hard makes not the ftone wall. 

I. > 

Duro con duro non fa mai buon muYO. ItaL Though I 
have feen at Arimif^um in Italy ^ an ancient Roman bridge made 
of hewnftone laid together without any mortar or cement* 

iUrd fare makes hungrjf bellies. ' 


intin Sentences. i 17 

Vh a fiarf winier, 6fr. !?• winter. 

It*s a hard battle, Csf r. i^. battle. 
Where we lead think, there goeth the bare away. 
Ilarm watch, harm catch* 
King Harry loy'd a man, /. (. v^li^nt ipeft love fyck 

as arjg loj hate cowards. 
Moft bafii "^prA fpeed« . . 

Come 8* ha fretta non $ fa mai nie^ite che {Hat)ene. //4/» 
Qj^i irop fe hade en xiiemipenx* en.Jbeatt cfaeaiin ie.fourvaire. 
fouvcnt. QalL He that walks too haftily often ftumbfes m 
plain Wf y. ^1 f^m'f'fr^pnl nanus frofpne^ ^ Nimiumpr^fe^ 
rans/erius ahjol'vit. Et Cants feftinans cacos partt catulus. Et 
Feftina UntK Tapy a; little that we may make ah end thfe 
(boner, was a f^yjng of^Sir^;n/VE/ Paukt^ Prei^o & )>ene ji^oi^ 
fi conviene. ftaf. Haffiily and wiell never meet. 

Hajie makes wafti?) titd -wafte makes want, and want 
m.akcs.ftrifc |)ctwcpn the good man and his wife. 

As^the man fiMd t;^. hinrx on the tree top. Make no. 
more bafte wTieti you come down than when you 
went up. ^ * ' 

Nothing muft ht done bajiily but killing of fleas, 

Hajiy climbers, (^c. v. climbers. 

A bafty [or angry] man never wants woe. v. A. 

liqfty Ppoplp yill jieyer n)ake good Midwives. 

HaJiy gamefters overfce. 

No hafte to hang true irien. 

It*s good to have a hatch before the door. 

His;h flying hawks ilc fit for Princes. 

Make hay while the fun (bines. 

A great head and a little wic. 

This is only for the clinch fake become* a Proverb, for cer- 
tainly the ereater, the more bf ains | and the more brains^ the 
more wit, if rightly conformed. 

Better be the i^i2<^of 4 pike than the tail of fturgeon^ 
fetter be the bead of a dog than the tail of a lion. 

■ Mfglio e efTer capo di lucertola che coda di dragone. ItaL * 

1 3 Bette^- 

rrft Proverbs thai <tre 

Better be the bead of aaafs tEan the taft ofaJuprfe. 
Better be the bead of the yeomzntf than dietail of 
the gentry. 

E mcglio ciTer tefla di IjacciQ chp ccda. di ftution^. JUaL 
Thefe four Proverbs have all the fame fen{e> 'viii. Mtn Iby^ 
priority and precedency, had rather govern Hian be- ruled. 
command than obey, lead than be led# though in air inf- ' 
rank and quality. 

' He that hath no bea4 needs no hat; 

Qui n' a point deteft^n' a quef^re de chapenim &^ 

A man is not To foon beakd as hurt. 
Yoii muft not pledge your owii beal/^.. 
Heallb is better than wealth. 
The more you be^^ , the wwffr y 0]l1 cheap; 

The more yon rake and fcrape, the wo^fe rucceCtyouJbiiyi^ 
or the. more bafy you are anddir you kc^p/tKe lefs yoii gaiA. 

He that bears much, and fpeaks fiot al|, Qmlt'bc 
welcome both in bower and halj. 

' ParlaDOco, afcoltaa/iai, & non fallirai. Itai\ 

Where th^ bedge is loweft commonly men -leap ovcf. 


Chafccm joue au Roy defpouille. Gall. They that sure. oac| 
down fhall be furc to be trampled on* , ^ 

Take beed is a good read. ' 

Or as another Proverb hath it. Good take Jiecd doth (iu^f 
ipeed. Abunddtis cauiela nan nocei* ^ ' 

One pair of i?^f/j is often worth two pair of handsi 

Always for cowards. The French fay, Qui n? a coeur a^f 
jambcs ; and the Italrans in the faine words, Chi non ha cuoi^ 
l^abbi gambe; He that hath no heart let him have heels; Sb^Wt 
iee.'Niaturc hath provided timorous creatures, as Decrs, Hares, 
and Rabbets^ with good heejs^ to fare, themfelves by Bv^t. 


imite Sekteriea. f zf 

rHey that W .in £«i/t£mk tKereV no (»}i«h1f)e^]»U 
Every tferring tniift hang by his dvrn gilt. 

Every tubmuft ftand apon its own bottom. Every manmnft 
give an account for himielf. 

• * 

Hide nothing from thy Mioifter» Phyfician, and 
Lawyer. . 

Al confeflbr medico & advocato non fi de tefier il Yeroco^-* 
lato. Ital. Kef diat doth fo doth ic to his own karm or lofs; 
ivronging thereby either hi< foul, bbcfy, or eftate. 

Look not too bigb^ left a chip fall in thine eye. 

N0U^ akumfafen. Mn fU^jnil hath it. Hew aoc Coo lugh^ 
^c. according to* the &0//y}^ Proverb. 

The higUfi (hiding the- lowdr fall 

^•Jhmtmr iuakum tit IMu giravhfa rumt. The Ki£^ flood 
}iath alwayi the lower ebb. 

The higbejiixtc hath thtf greatcft fall. 

Cslf4e gravion ca/u deciJuni turns. Horat. 

Up the bill hyour me, down the hill beware thee. 
Every man for himfelf^ and' God for us dl. 

Ogni un per fe & Dioper tutti. haJ. , 

It is hard to breftk a bog of an ill cuftom. 
Ne'er lofe a bog for an half-penny-worth of tar. 

A man may fpare in an ill time : as'ibme who will rather 
die than fpend ten groats in Phyiibb' Some hiave it, Lo<j? not 
a fheep, &c. Indeed tar is more ofed about fheep than fwine. 

A man may bold his tongue in an ill time. 

Anvfclas fhitium firliiiu It's a known fbrjf, that the^^A^^ 
cleans^ haying been often firighted and diiqnieted with Tun Ws 
ports of thp enemies- comiiig> ma4e a^ law that na mtnjbooU 
Wing or tel} ahy Yucir news. Wlierenpbn it hapjScifed; that; 

. ' 

|20 Provtrbs ti^, at^ . 

when the *e&efflies did come indeed, they were forprifed mi 
taken. There is a time to ipcak as well as to be iilent. ^ 

Who can bold that they have not in their band, 

' /. e. a fart ? 

Ho:ne is home though it be never fo homely. 

*f • ■ • 

dittos f l>.^, ?»xw oftro?- Bccaufe thcfe we have grcateft free* 
dom. «if. Era/. Bos aUenusfubinde prcJpeSiat forat* • ' 

An hqnefi man's word is as good as his bond. 
An boney tongue a heart of gall. 
Honours change manners. 

Honor es mutant mores. As poverty deprefleth and debafeth 
a man's mind- So ^reat place and ^ftate advance a&d6a-> 
lajge it ; bat m^ny times* corrnpt and puiF it np. ^ 

Where honour ceafeth, there knowledge dccrcafeth.* 

Hones alit artes, S^uis enim wrtutem ample&Uur if/am fntmia 
Ji tolloi P On the other fide. ~ 

Sint Mifoenates nond^erunt FUcce Marones : 
Firgiliumque tiii njd tua rura dahunt, ' 

> . \ 

A hook well lofl to catch a Salmon. 

JI faut perde un vcron pour pecher an Saulmon. Gall. 

If it were not for bop^ the heart woiild break. 

» < : • V 

Spes alunt exules, Spes fer^uat affiiSios. ^Am^ atvx'^k o-oj^ilctk 

•r ». , 4f ■••••.• • 

Spes bona dot 'vires^ animum quoque/pes bona firmatm 
Viuere jpe *vidi qui moriturus erat. *" 

Hope well and ha^e well, quoth HickwelL 
You can't make a'i?^;^ of a pig's tail. ' 

Parallel hereto is that fn^ ApoftoUus^ *V)kw ^^ tijXwi' » «ro»<r* 
An.afs'st tail will not make ^ fieve. Ex^uovii ligno nonjit Mtr-- 
cUrlur. '■' '■ ' ^ • •' J 

Ilcxfis snd gray hairs do not; come, by j ears. 

" * ' ' ' '- • • Who 


VJho hadi botwin his bofom, let Um^piptput tkm 

' oh his head. ' ' " .!•'••-''-'•>>' • 

I^'s4l good I^^thzt newer fti2mibk«; md a gckid 
wife that ncv;er grumWcy." i 

II n' y a fi bon dfcytljqiu jMil>fbnc&ei GalL ^gcmddfmtmm 
dormitat Homerus. ' * ' '" 

A good borfi caonot be of t bad colour. 
A good borfs often wants a good/pjuof. 
It's an ill borfe wiU nojt omy /)ls own provender. :^' 
It's aniU horfe can neitlier whinny nor wag his tail. 
Let a *(?r^drinl?wfc?q;hfejwiH$^ni9« wjiathc will. . : 
A man may lead a borfe to the water, but be cannot 
make hip drink unlefs he wilL'^ * "i 

v I " 

^ On ne fait bpire a 1' ^fne qaand 11 ne yeat. GalL Sc On ji: 
beiii mentt le boeuf ^ Teku i'^ il p* a foif. Gall. In vain jdo yod 
lead the ox to the waier if he be not thirfty. 

A rcfty borfe miift have a Iharp fpun 

A fcal'd borfe is good, &?<:. v. fcard. 
The common borfi is worft flipd^ 

A fhort borfey ^c. v. fhort. 
Tl?e bcft borfe needs breaking, and the apteft child 

necdis teaching. 
Where the borfe lies down, there fomc hair will be 

found. Fuller's fFortb. 
The borfe that's next the mill, &?r; v. mill. . 
A gaird borfe will not endure the coiftb. . 

Touch a gall'd horfc, 6?r. v. gall'd. 

II tignofa non ama il pettine. ItaL Japiais tignenx n' ume' 
le pigne. GalL fc Cheval roigneux n' a cure qa* on 1' e^ilk*. 
Gali, -'i 

■ r 

You may know the borfe by his hafnefi. ' '" ' 
They are fcarce of borfe-fle/h where two and tWo • 
ride on a dog. . :. t 



A fhort hffi IS ibim Wiip^9 arid a bare a|ft tSoi 

The btn'fexhdX dtaWft his halter irnofi CBiitO'C^pcd. 

Non i^ fci9pat» thi ftnftina hrcatesd d Atro;' bah H n' ef 
pas eiUiappee qui trainefon Miolj GaU* ' 

Tnjfl: not a bdr/^9hccl^ nor r dog's tmitK«^ 

M iquinis fedihus froad rutdi* 

He that hires ifKei^/E*Muft rf% Hl^t^. 
Thefairer the' ^>the foOlc¥tk >«^iKd|ii^ 

EeUeboftd£|i:c*dB^#Map6itk*ibr&m^ 6^i,, 

Jlot fup, hot fwallbw. , 

It chanceth in an hour, fc?r. v. jchanceth. 

Better one's hvufi too l}ttlc" 0|fc da/^ thaiX td6.'6%. 

all the year after. . ; , 

>Vhen thy neighbour'? bpt^fc \% or fire> beware of 

thine own*. 

yifl ns agitur pariis -tkm frtrxbmfx ar)/f$* 

A nian^s bouji is his caftle. 

This is a kind of Law Proverb, *Jura publica favent pnvatt 

He that ftoilds" a i&^«/^ by the- higH-wiay fide, its 
either toohigh or too lovT. 

Chi fabrica la cafa in piazza, 6 che e troppb alta 6 troppo 
^^a. ltd. 

{ie that buys aZ^^«/^ ready wrought, hath many a 
pin and nail for nought. 

Ilfant acheter xnai£>n faite&femme a faire. Oatt, A houic 
ready made and a wife to make. Hedce we fay^ Fools build 
boufes and wife m^n buy chem. 


When t man-s ^aufe burns. ic> not good playing at 

chefs. ' 

A man may fwret Ms iN*)^ 1|^ ^AlT yA il#t /3f 

on tl^e ridge* v'll 

Hi?« winds blpw-o^ btgh hills. 

Firiuntque fummos fvhmnamtmtes. Horat. 

...■ ,. jjift .i-,t».. - 

Appetito non ypol falfa. hal Jt^j^'^lLlktikt'tfiie i^ppt^ 
tit. GaU, Tbis PrcKfrjcirb-ia i^ckon^d ampng tl^ Aphopfm^^.ef 

idefiiiibi^sj * 

The horfe in the Fable with a gal|e4 back defired the j$&i 
fjbiutwertf:fiilknu|^nttr^>lf^^^^ fl^ra^Mfcattfe Uih^l^ 
would then jtake their places. .-:' 

• '» 

Hungry dpg3, GJ'f . t?« dpg?. ' .. 

I'hey muft hunger in froft that wfllnotwort hi tiiieat. 
A hungry horfe makes a clean maitige^ - 
flunger makes ha^rd boRCS fwcct beaQS. 

Erafmus relates ^a'cofnmoQ Pr6Vtfytt (MAofi^ thie Biai^ 
foppofe] Hunger makes raw beans reliih well or tafte of Sqgar* 
Matut Mieque *uuig^ tntw/i pfwerihiM^Faiii^' Metre' ia> 
gHam-fity^' faecbarmft /mfiant. burinr, in'HiV ffight dr^Akin^ 
puddle-water defiletd- tirith dead'carc^flTes; h' rep oj l t d * tx^Bait 
laid, that he never drank anj: thipg that wa$ more pi^&n| % 
for faith the ftory, Nafkumim^fiitiu ni^uMffhihirat: he* nlsi^dr 
had dra^k thirfty. The foil ftomachloatheththehoniqr^coiDlb, 
but to the hungry, every bitter thing, i&fweet^ Ff^^tK rtii^ 

AU are not^ hunUrsthzz blow the hortu 


324 Praverh tbat^ i»i^ 

- < ■ * » • * * 



VERY Jack muft hvrt M»-Gai 

ChaTctto deaunde fa forte. Gall, Like will talike. It ought 
to be writ^eii Jylly for it feems tp be a nickriiaine for yuUa^ogr 


,. , - . » . 

--»■ • 

A good Jack makes a good Gilf^ 

^tffftf/ dux honum reddit comitem. Inferiors imitate the man'* 
ners of fuperiors ; fubjefts of theif frhicesy fep^ants of tjieii 
xnaftersy diildren of their parents^ wives pf their hafljlnds, 

Jack would be a gentleman, if he could butipcal^ 

This was a Proverb when the Gentry brought up. thel^ dnt 
dren to fyt2k'Frenchi After the conqueft, the (iru Kings oi- 
deavoored to ^bolifh the Englijb Language, and introduce th^ 
Irwch. ....... 

More to. do with one Jack-anapes^ than all th& 


y^rit would wipe his nofe if he had it. . 

Jack, Sprat would teach his Grandamc, 
■ .♦ • ■ 

jinte harham docesfints. 


Of idlenefs comes no goodncfs. >^ 

Better to be idk than not Well occupied. 

\ Traftat otiqfim efe quam nihil agen. Plin. Epiil. Bet^ei; bc^ 
idle than do that which is to no purpofe, or as good as no^ 
thing; much more than that which is evil. 

An idle brain'is the Devirs (hop. 

Idle folks have the moft labour. 

Idle folks lack no excufes. 

tiojeftifig with edge tools, or with bell-ropes. 

Trefca con i fanti Sc lafcia ftar Ifanti. LaL Play with 
chi Idren^ and let the faints alone. 


IVhen the demand is zjeji^thtiattt^ an(Weri^Arco£ 
Better lofe a jejt than a friend. 

Ill gotten goods, ^c. v^ gopds^ . 
/// news comes a-pa*cie< 
.///weeds grow a-pucc. • . 

Mairraife HeAit • emift toss jottiv. Ad?* Patzi ttekOM 
' fenea ^ in^argli. Jtkl. Fbols gr6w Withoat waterings . 
"Aioianvis chien la ^ttdte lay vienc* GmIU Hciiwiiiab pnem 
crefce. Italm i 

///will never fafd; well : '■ ' 

An inch breaks ho fi^uarea^ Sameddd^ in k btira of 
,r tborns* 

four un p^tit n^ avant n^ arrieit. (kdt. 

.-■■... . * - ■ 

An inch in a mifs is as good as an elL 
Jane's zs godd iis toy Lady in the dark- 

^MXjte af^irr^ yum vkom i iivii. Mrofmus draws tkis to ano* 
ther fenfe., *ui%i There is- no woman ckafte where there is no 
witners i bat I think he midakes the intept of it, which is 
the fame with ours. T^Hien caiidks are out all cats a^ grajr. 

Ho joy without annoy. 

Extre^a gauMi luSus cccupat : Csf U/qm ad^ ihiBm J^ fit€irM 

n)oluftas, Soilicitumqi aliquid Ueti$ intifvemU 

Strike while the iron is hot. 

Infin che il ferro e caldo bifo^a batterlo. ttai. H ^t boa 
battre le fer tandis qu' il eft duiud. Q4JI, Peopk moft .thia 
;be plied! when they are in a good humour -or moodi» 

He that hath many irons in the fire, fome of them 

will cool. 
/// lack is worfc than found money. 
He that wiU not endure to itch mult endure, to 



«. ^kJL 


1^ Ptbi9»h ih»t mr& 

• r 



A me and i*ll ia tlict* 

Da mibi mutuum teftimomuin. Cic. Orat./ftf tiacfc6, LHd ttel 
M <$«iA or tftiniOByw €Mar ^ m And HI do as iaudli fbf 
I^Mf Ol* clfkw m^ an4 rU eW you. C<>i&mead xae and 141 

Latena Dehs for CaUuria. . • , ^ 

j&^ fome *till furthitrmorc conie^ 

La padella dice al paiuolo van iii la, ciie to isAfgs^ ^g^ 
Itaii H lavezzo fabf;0i; de la .|)igQata. //oA 

All the ke^s hang jnot at oae mao'd girdle^ 

A piece of kid*s worth two of a Cai;. 

Who Was ^//ri by a cannon bullet was ctirs*d In 

* hilifM>ther*s bcUy. 

He that lUls a man ii^en he*s drunk, *o. in D. ' 

?[;jiu^ kiJi calls the oven bumt-houfe. 
t*3 good to be near of i:/« to an eftate. 
A King^s favour is no inheritance. 
A J&'«^*5 <:hecfe goe^ Iwlf away in parings. 
^iffiH goes by favpur. 

Better kifs an knave than be troubled with him. 
He that kijfetb his wife in the market-place (hi^ 

haxQ ^auMgh* ta teach him. 
11 you can lUfi the mi&refs, never kiis the maid« 
To kifs a- nnan's wife, er wipe his kni^r, is bi^t a 
. tka«klcfs oiHcc* 

Many kifs the child for the nurfe^s fake. 

A carrion kite will opvej make a good hawk. 

'- On -He fsauroit fkire d^u^e bafc un efprctrvitr. Qmltx 

. Many kinsfolks, 6?f. i;. friends. 
Kkaves and fools divide the world. 
When knaves fall out, true men come tly their 
goods. Les 

when Hignway-men fall out, robbenes are otT 

LTghway-ineh fall out, robberies arie duboyere4« 

Knavery may fervc for » fl^p^ ^)^J^ |^>^f^ W bc^ 

at long-run. 
The more knave the, better luck. 
Two cunning ii^ii^i;^^ need no broker} or, a cun* 

ning knave, 6?r. * * * J 

It's as hard to pleafe a knave as a knight* . 
ft \% t)etter to ^»f / tfian" blo^Kmie ' : ^ ' 

As in trees thofe that bear the faireS ildflbms^ )ft3 ioxAAk 

cnildren, fa^r. * ' ^ 

• . . -• ' . * 

Where the ktM U loofe; ^ ftri^g^petk. 
They that know one another fa|^(( ^ajr off, 


N unhappy lad may make a good man« 

A rzggtd colt, £^f . . * 

A quick lanMerixdzk^ a (lafcM teiiaatif^ 
He that bath fome land muft: have ibme labour* 

No (Weet without fbme fweat, without paixis no gaintif 

Land was never loft for want of an heir. t 

A i ricchi nofi mancano parent. Ital.. The rich n^er wafi^ 

One les of a /writ's worth the whole body of a kite* 
lie that comes lafi makes all f^ljb. 

Le demier ferme la porft, on la laifle^ourerte. GalL 

B«tcr /tf/^ th«fl. ftcwr, 



^js8 ProvlirSs thai kre 


' ff rWt mieux tard que jamais. ^aU: yitffbs Jti^cKIr nov 
tnai; haL 

Xt*af nfevcr too Arftf ta rcpfent. 

Nunquam/era efi^ &C, 

Let them laugh that win 

Merchand qui pcrd ne pent raft. OalL The meichant that 
lofcs cinnbt' laugh. Grive'rofcrs leave to fpcaK, and I^ 
Give winners leave to laugh, for if you do not they'll tak^ hx. 

He that buys: lawn hfifate he can* fold it,H^n fc- 

pent him before he have fold it* 
They that.mak^ laivs mOft fiot break them^ 

• • ■ ! 

Pa^ere !i£em quOm ifji tuUjfi.' ... - 

Ja commune juhes Jiquid cenfSi *ve tinendumi 
Primus jujfafubi^ tunc ob/ervanttor ^qui 
fit fopuluSf necjerre fvetat cum <viderit ipfum 
, Auxorem fareri Jibi, Claudian. 

> ■ 

Better a Uan jade than an en1J)ty halter. 
Never too old to learn. 


Nulla atas ad perdifctMium /era eft. Ambrof. 

The leafi boy always carries the greateft fiddk. . 

All lay load upon thofe that are lead able to bear it. For 
they that ar^leaft aUe to bear are leaft able to refift the ixtt' 
pofrtion of the burden* 

* «. . 

!Better leave than lack. 

Leave is light. 

• ■ - 

It's an eafy matter to aik leave, but the expence of a little 
breath; and therefore fervantsand fuch as are under command 
are much to blame, when they will do or negled to do what 
they ought not^ or ought, without a&ing it. 

While the leg warmcth the boot harmeth. * ■ 

Vie that doth lend doth lofe his friend. 



/ • - • 

Qui prede al amis pelt) au cjoable. Gall. He. that lendi^tci'. 
his friend lofeth io\k\&^ /. e, both money and iMtL 

'■' . ' ■ 

Learn to //Vit betimes, you knd^ not whofe tail you 

may go by. 
SheW rtie a liar^ and FlI ihew you a thief. 
Z;/^ IS fwect. ' . 

While therc^s life there's hope. 

Iniin que v' ejiiato v' e fperanaa. Ifol* J^grota dum anima efi' 
fites eft. TulU ad Attic. ^E.\7F'Aq w I^Jowkv unXmrot Si $ayorrtc* 
wheii all difeafcfs fled out of* Pamdoril's box, hope remained 
there ftilL 

■ * * * • . . 

There's life in a mufcle, /. e. There is fame hopes 

though the means be but weak. 
Life lieth not in livirtg, bUt in likirtg. 

Mania/ faith, Non eft 'ulverei fed i/ahre 'vittu 

Light gains make a heavy purfe. 

Lc petit g^in remplit.Ia bourfe. GalL They that fell for 
fmall profit vend more commodities and make quick returns^ 
fo that to invert the Proverb, What they lofe in the hundred, 
they gain in the county. Whereas they who fell dear fell 
little, and many times lofe a good part of their wares, either 
IpoiIM or grown out of uie and fafliion by long keeping. Poco 
e (peffo empie il borfe to. ItaL Little and often fills the purfe^ 

Light burdens far heavy. 

Petit far deau poife a la longue, ar Petit chofe de loing 
poife. GalL 

JJght cheap lither yield. 

That that cofb little will do little (ervice, for commonly the 
beft i^;beft cheap. 

Lightly come lightly go. 

The light is nought for fore eyes. 

A P ceil maladc le lumiere nuit. GalL He that doth evil 
hatetkthe )lgl\t, yV- 

K There's 

i^6 Proverbs thai dri 

There's Rgbimng lightly before thunder. 

A heavy purfc makes a light heart. 

The Hart's not haif fo fierce as he is painted. 

Minuunt prajimtiafumamy is atfiierale.Tluiigs arerepre&iiC«> 
cd at a di^ance, much to their advantage beyond their j nil pr<K 
portion and merit. Fame is a magnifying gla&. 

Every one as they like beft, as the good man faid 

when he kifs*d his cow. 
tike will to like (as the Devil faid to the Collier*]^ 

Ovy as the fcabb*d 'Squire faid to the mangj 

Knight, when they both met in a difh of but* 

ter'd fifli. 

'Ggni fimile jappetifce il fao iimile; Ital. Chafcnn che^ck 
fon femblable, Wy demande fa (brte. Gall, Ca/cus caJcdM iUt% 
/• e, 'vetulus anum. Signifcat a* JimilisfimUm diUSaim 

Like lips like lettuce. 

Similes hahint lahra laSucas. A thiftle is.a fallet fit for. as 
^(ti's mouth. We u^ when iv<s would iigiiify that thinjgs htor 
pen to people which are Ariuble to them, or which they &- 
fcrve : As when a dull fcholar happens to a ftupid or ignorant 
Aiafler> a froward'wife to a peevifh htflhand, &r.* DtpmrnfO" 
telld opirculum. Like prieil, like people^ and on the contrary. 
Thefe Proverbs are always taken in tjie worfe fenfe; Tal carnft 
tal culcello. ItaL Like fleih like knife. 

Like faint like offering. 
Like carpenter like chips. 
Trim tram^ like mafter like man. 

Qael maiftre tel vali^t. Gall. Tal Abbate tali i moniKcfili J!m£ 

*A Uquorijh tone is the purfe*s canker. 

A liquorijh toDgue is aliquorifii lecherous toal. 

A little pot's foon hot. 

Little peribns are commonly cholericfe. 

tittle things are pretty. x«^y i^wr<ri> iTrSfe. 


intire Sentences. 13! 

Many tittles make a mickle* 

• » * • 

Adde parum parvo magnus acervus erit^ 
. Pe peth vieut on airgraiuiy 4MM/9 Les petits riMiTeaux. font 
les grands rivieres. G^z//. All ekes» £sir. Tke greatejft number 
is made up of unites ; and all the waters of the fea, of 
^it>ps. Piuma i piiiiha fe pela 1' occha. Ital, Feather by fea- 
l^r th^gopi^is pluek'd. 

Ultle pitchers have great ears. 

Ce que I^eafant oit aa fbuyer, eft bien to£E cogntfit jo{<}ue$ 
an MonfHfer. Th^t which the child hears by the fire is often 
known as far as Monftier^ a Town in Sofuoy, 'S5 th^t -It feenrs 
they hav« long tongues, as, well as wide ears. And there^jre 
(as Jwvenal v/t\\ faid) Maxima dibetur putro re^v&nfia. 

By little and little the poorrwhore finks her barn.' 
Uttle faid foon amended. 
Little ftrokes fell great oak^. 

Mutius iHibus dejicitur i^imtAs. Many fbokesielU^Bi^* 4ffi<^7 
overcomes all difficulty. Yfx«jk( fy^" y*^^it^ Jdinufyla 
fliiwa imhrem pariu Ajjidua ftilld Jaxum excavate 

Siuid magis eft durum faxo ? quid molUm4uM' ? -1 • 

Dura tamen mollijaxa cafuaijttur ag^d, . O v;i(t.^ 
Annulus indigito/ubter temidturhahendo'^ ' '' 
Stilucidi caf&s lapidem cOfWU^ uncus aratri- •• 
Ferreus occulu dtcrefcu *vonier in armis. Lucr^t.. 

TUnf reports, that. there are to be found flints worn by the 
feet of Fifmxres. Which is not altoge^et unlikely; for the 
Horfe ants efpecially, I have obferved to have their roads or 
foot-paths fo worn by their travelling, that they may ealily be 

A little good is foon (pent. 

A little &rc2itn drives a light mrll. ' ' 

Live arid let live* /. ^:'Po as you would be don^ 
by. "Lctfuch penny-worths as your Tenants 
may live ander you i %ii fuch bargains, ^c^^ 

Every thing would live. 

They that live longeft.inu(t go fi^rtheft for wood. 

K 2 Loivger 

ij2 Proverbs that ari \i 

Longer lives a good fellow than a dear yeai*. 
h% long lives a merry heart as a fad. . 
One may live and learn* 

Non fi finifce mai d' imparare. ItaL tri^jkcum fM wiik 
hiAaxiijat^f A famoas faying of SpIoh, 

Difcenti affidue 9odtmfint3a nftmU 

And well mieht he fay fo, fox Arslonga vita irt%dr,.9M £1^ 
crates begins his Apkorifms. 

They that live longed mud fetch fire fartheft. 
1 hey chat live longed mud die at lad. 
All lay load on the willing horfe. 

On touche tous jours far le cheval qui tire. Gall» *Ththmb 
that draws is mofl whlpp'd* 

Half a loaf is better than no bread. 
It's a long run that never turns. 

The longed day, &?r. v. day. 
Long look'd for comes at lad. 
Lo^k to the main chance. 
Look before you leap, for fnakes among fwect 

flowers do creep. 
Ijook not too high, C^c. v. high. 
Where the knot is loofe^ (Sc. v. knot. 
No great lofs^ but fome fmall profit* 

As for inftance, he» whofe iheep die of the rot» iaret tk 
(kins and wooll. 


It's not loft that comes at lad. 

All is not loft that is in danger. 

In love is no lack. 

Love^ thy neighbour, but pulj net down thy hedge* 

Better a loufe in the pot than no fledi at all. 

The Scotch Proverb faith a ttouie, which it better fenie» kit 
a moufe is fleih and edible. 

He mud doop that hath a low door. 


intire Sentences. 133 

3tMwJy fit richly warm. 

A mean condition is both more fafe and more comfortable9 
than a high eilat^. 

The lower mill-ftone grinds as well as the upper. 
[ ill luck is worfe, fcf^. v. 111. 
*. tWhat is worfe than ill luck ? 
^ Give a man luck^ and throw him into the fea. 
j The honefter man, the worfe luck^ v. honefter. 

Thieves and rogues have the bcft luck^ if they do 
but efcape hanging. 

He that*s fick of a fever lurden muft be cured by 
the hafel gelding. 

No law for lying, A man may lie without danger 

. of the law, 

'XTOU^W ne*er be mad, you are of fo many mlnd$. 

There are more maids than Maukin^ and more men 
than Micha^l^ i. e. little Mai or Mary. 

Maids fay nay and take. 

Who knows who's a good maid^ 

Every maid is undone. 

Look to the main, 6?f. v, look. 

Make much of one, good men are fcarce. 

Malice is mindful. 

Man propofes, God difpofcs. 

Homme propofe, mais Dieu ^id^ote, QalL Humana con/ilia 
M'uinitus gi^ermmtur* 

A man's sl man though he hath but a hofe on*s head, 
\ic that's manned with boys and hors'd with colts, 
(hail have his meat eaten and his work undone. 
Many hands make light [or qaickj work. 

fdultorum manlhut grattJe ifOatur onus. 

1^4 Proverbs that are 

mfKiUxt ei Ti ifyof afxtifcp. Horaer. Umus vir mMiis citr. Uh\ 
ya^ ^1*^0/ a^itns i^X'^* Furtfid* 

He that hath many irons, i^c. v. irons*. 
Many fands will fink a (hip. 

We mud have a care of little things, left by degneMncfil 
into great inconveniences. A little leak neglefiod, ia m^ 
will iink a ihip. 

Many littles, fJc. v. little. 
So mawf men fo many minidg. 

Tante telle tanti cer\'elli. //«/ Autant de teftes aotantj!, 
opinions. GalL ^ot hctinirui tot/ententia. -Tcrcnt. ' 

.. / =• 

There are more mnr^s in the wood than Grifeil. 

You may know by the markct-folks hovr the mar- 
ket goes. 

He that cannot abide a bad market defervcs not a 
good one. 

F6i;fake not the market for the toll. 

No man makes hafte to the market^ where thcrc!s 

nothing to be bought but blows. 
The mafier*s eye makes the horfe fat. 

U occhio del padrone ingrafla il cavallo* //«/. Ij'oeil da 
maid re engrai^c le cheval. GalL Kai ro niffrti i^ AiSv^ iwip^ 
^tfy.ft iv av c%o(y O fxtv yxf ipulr.^uq r) fjuiXiru tjeirov ^nctigit^ O TV 

Tt ^ko-TrSlu 1xj0t t^. Arift* Oeconom, 2. ' The anfweri of Perja 
nnd Lihys are worth obferving. The former being aflced* what 
was the be(l thing to make a horfe fat, arifwvred the*iuafier*t 
eye: the other being t^emandcd, what was the beft manure, 
anfwered the mader's footfteps. Not impertinent to this 
purpofe is that ftory related by Gellins. ' A fat man Hding uj> 
on a lean horfe afked; how it came to pafs, that liiinielt was 
fit, and his horfe fo lean'. He anfwcredjbecaufe 1 fe6d myfelf, 
bat my ferf ant my horfe 

• • . t %j 

Thai is' not always good in the maw that is fwcct 

in the mouth. . 
Who that may not as he will, &?r. v. will. 
tiJrcry may be hath a may not be. 

• . ' Two 

intire Sentences. i\^ 

Two ill meals make the third ^ glutton^ 

Meafure is a treafure, .. 

Afcer meat comes muftard. 

When there is no JDOrcja^ of it. 

Meat is much, but manners is more. 
Much meat much maladies. 

Surfeiting and diieafes often attend full tables. Our nati^i 
iotn infotmtr time hath been noted br excefs in eating, and i( 
was almoft grown a P/overb, That Engliflmun dig their graved 
with their teeth. 

Meat and mattens hinder no man's journey. 

In other words. Prayers and provender, &c. 

He that will meddle with all things may go ihoe 
the goflins. 

C'e de fare per tutto, diceva colui cbe ferrava I'occha. //«/, 

or little meddling comes great eafe. 

It's merry in the hail when beards wag all. «. . 

When ^l are eating, feafling, or making good chear. B«r ' 
the way we may note, that this word chear, which is particn* ^ 
larly with us applied to meats and drinks, feems to be derived •i' 
from the Greek word xaf»>fignifying joy : As it doth alfo witl^ 
us in ti.ofe words chearfy and chearful. 

Merry meet merry part. 

Be merry and wife. 

The more the merrier^ the fewer the better chear. 

Merry is the feaft-majcing 'till wc come to the 

As long lives a merry, 6?^. v. lives. 
Can Jack-an-apes be merry, i^c. v. clog. ^ 
Who doth fing fo merry a note, fs?r. v. fing. 
Mfckle ado and little help. 
Might overcomes right. 

^ ^ K4 • No 

136 Proverbs that are 

No miU no meal. 

*0 fivym ftv?^09 aXfUcc (ptvyn, ^i fitgit moUm /Mt ^ 

M^ff /Mo« /xfXi, /x^Ti iJu?urU» He that would have honey muft 
have bees. Erafmus faith, they commonly fay, He that would 
have ^g^ii muft endure the cackling of hens. It is I fappofe 
a Dutch Proverb. 

Mixh water goes by the r^\ll the miller knows not 


AiTdi acqaa pafTa per 11 i^olino che il molinaio non yede. //«/• 

■ '• • • 

An honcft miller hath a golden thumb. 

In vain doth the mill clack, if the miller his 

hearing lack. 
Every miller draws water to bis own mill. 

Amenereaa au moulin, fr, Tirer eau en fon moulin. GM* 
Tutti tira I' acqua al fuo molino. Ital^ ' • ■ * 

The hprfe next the mill carries all the grift. 
My mind to me a kingdom fs. 
A penny worth of «f/>/i& is worth a pound of (brroy?. 
J^fchiefs come by the pound, ^nd go a>yay by the 

♦ ounce. 



I mail venguno a carri & fuggino a onzc. lial. 

Better a mifcbief than an inconvenience. 

That is, better a prefent mifchief that is Toon over, than a . 
conltant grief and dilturbance. Not much unlike to that, bet- 
ter eye ou^ than always aking. The French have a Proverb 
in fenfe contrary to this, 11 faut iaiiTer fon enfant morveux plus 
toil que luy arracher le rez. Better let one's child be fnotty 
than pJuck his noi'e oiF. Better endure feme fmali inconveni- 
ence than remove it with a great milbhief. 

There's no feaft to the mifer's, v. fcafl:. 
Misfortunes feldom come alone. 

The French fay, Malheur nc vient jamais feu!. One misfor- 
tune i.c/er came alone, & Apres perdre perd on bien. When 


tnfiri Bentencis. J 37 

ci^^e begins once to loie, hnt never makes «i^ end. k Un o^al 
attire i'autre. One msfchief draws on anpther» or one m^f* 
chief falls upon the neck of another. Fortuna nulli ohtffk con* 

Mifreckoning is no payment. 
Ji^funderjtanding brings lies to town, 

This is a ^ood obfervation, lies and/alfe report ^^ mc^ 
part from miHake and mifunderftanding. The firft hearer 
jniilakes the firfl reporter, in fome coniiderable circumfiance 
or particular ; the fe<ppnd him; and fo at lafl the truth is lofl, 
amd a lie pafTes current. 

^ney will do more than my lord's letter. 
ft^s money makes the niare to' go. 

Pecunia ohedimU omnia, ^Atytiftcus Xofx*^ !^X!^ ^^* I 
danari fan correre i c^valli. Ital, 

Fratei$ but prate^ it*s money buys land.. 
Beauty is potent, but money is omnipotent. 


Amour fait beaucoupt mais argent fai^ tout. & Amour fait 
^agOy mais argeiit fait mafriag?. GaU. Love makes rage^ ai^d 
money makes marriage. 

God makes, and apparel fliapes, but money makes 
the man. 

Pecunia 'uir, XfifMcia eifip» Tanti quantum habeas fis, Horat. 

Tell money after your own father. 

Do as the mofi do, and feweft will fpeak evil of thee. 

The moon^% not feen where the fun fhincs. 

A mote may choke a man. 

A child may have too much of his mother^ blefling. 

Mothers are oftentimes too tender and fond of their children ; 
who are ruined and fpoiled by their cockering and indulgence. 

The moiife that hath but one hole is eafily taken. 

Trlfto e quel topo, che non ha ch' un fol pertuggio per fal- 
varfi. ItaL La fouris qui n' a qu' une entree eft incontinent hap- 
pee. Gall, Mus non uni fidit antra. Good riding at two anchors* 


t%% Pra^iris that urs 

haviiir two ftringt to-oM^s ham. TUtifcttCeiice OdBM ixng^ 
jMf from Plsuatu $m nmc/JntVf <v. Sraiiii. Adeg* 


^ «w«/i in time oiay bite in two, fc?r. v.umc^.. 
God never fends mouths^ but he fends meat. 

This ProYcrb it much in tlie moichof poor feofttp ido 
get childreoy but take no care to maintain them. 

J^h would have more. 

Muba pmntihus dtfimt mwka. ViiXttfL* 
Crevtrunt H opes (!f opumfuripja Cvfidh 

Ut qwipojjideant plurima phra petant. 
jfujuiitfs ii^ummt Juffiifii vmur 4df MuLtf 

^ t^uijunt p$ta plus JitinMyr a^u^* Pvid. F«|E^ 

J^tk and nK>ney go together. 

Thofe that are flovenly and dirtv. ufually grow ridi. not 
they that are nic^ and cniioM in their ditt, oOafes, aado^ditt 

Murder will out. 

This U ob&rved yery often (o fall ont in the imme^iatp 
fenfe^ as if the Providence of God were more than ordinaiy 
inanifefted in fuch difcoverie?. ^ It is uftd^ alfo to figmfy* that 
any knavery ox crime, or the like, wiU CQpoie to light* ' 

' • • 

yitv\ mufe as they ufc, meafun Qtber f^lks ' (om hy 

their own hujhel. 
When a muftcian hath forgot his note, he fnakes a% 

though a crum {iuck in his throat. 

'Ava^ \a:f)iB B^|. When a finging man or muiician is odt, 
et at a Ipfs, to conceal it he coughs, f^r!^ uift vop^iii. Some, 
leelong to hide a fcape with a cough, render themfelves doa- 
bly ridiculous. 

He loves mutton well, that dips his bread in the 


r ■ • . • • 

r . ■ • ■ • ' 

. .'. % 

^ • f ^ 

TF onC'S nim be up fcc m^y \vt in Ibedw 

Qui a 'bmit d^ ie ifVer matin peat 4ormir ijiiqiif s a dtf* 
. 'QaJL'Mtiam trimefires Ubtri felkilmsJ'tfQet. • * • '. 

• . / # • * . » 

He that hath an ill ^^h half h^^oL 

Take away my good name and take away rpy life. 

Naugii Is nortr in daqger. 

Near h niy petticoat, &?r. ^. petticoat. 

Necejftty hath no law. / 


,1 it 

Thie:y mei izHKh whom nKhiog wjiU conlsnt. 
Need makes the old wife trot. 

•-. . . c . « . 

Bifogno la trottar la vecchia. Ital. Befoign fait vieille trpt-* 
ter. Gall, All the lame, worl for ^word. - 

Need win hjive its courfe. 

Need makes the naked man run [or the naked 

quean fpin.f 
A good neigbhoury a good good-morrow, 

• . • » * ' 

Qui a bon voifin i )bcn «natin, C/i/?, Chi Ha cattivo vidno 
ha 11 mal matino, I/al Allfuid maU propter 'vjcinum rnaUm* 
Plant, in Merc. n9f/bi« ttaxh ytWu» oo-Qf r* ^yaHos fM Maef, 
Hejiod, Themiftoclesy having a farm to fell, caufed the citer Who 
|>rCclaiili^d it, to add, that it bad a good neighbour i rightly 
judging that fuch an advantage would make it mOK vendible. 

Love thy neighbour, 6fr. v. in L. 
Neighhour^quzn is good quart, /. ^.Giffe gaffe is a 

good fellow. 
He dwells far from neighbours [or hath ill neigh«- 

boursj that's fain to praife himfelf. 

Prcprio laus fordet in ore. Let another man praife thee, and 
not thine own mouth, a ftranger, and not thine own lips. 


J40 Proverts. that are 

Here's talk of the Turk and Pope^ but it*s my next 

neighbour does me the harm. 
You muft afk your neighbour if you fliall ^ve in 

The rough net^s not the belt catcher of birds. 
New lords new laws. 

De noaveao feign^ar nouvelle nefiiie. Gall, 

Every one has a penny to fpend at 9 new Alehoufc« 

A new broom fweeps clean. 

No penny no, &fr. v. penny, 

No mill np, £s?r. if. mill. 

No filver no, £sf^. v. Qjvcr. 

No living man all, fc?r. v. all. 

One may know by your »e?/^,. what pottage you lovev 

Every man's nofe wiU not make a Ihoeing horn, 

Non cmifis bomim continrit ^re Cointkum* Hprat. 

"Where nothing is a little doth eafc. 
"Where nothing*^ to be had, the King muft lofc his 

Ninno da quello che non ha. Jtal. Lr |lpy perd fa rente 
ou il n' y a que prendre. GalL 

One year a nurfe and feven years the worfe. 

Becaufe feed|ing well, and doing little, fhe becomes liquori/h 
and gets a iiabit of idlenefs. 

Fair fall nothing once by the year. 

It may fomctimcs be better to have nothing than fomething. 
So faid the poor man, who in a bitter fnowy morning could 
lie ftill in his warm bed, whereas his neighbours, who had 
Iheep and other cattle, were fain to get up betimes and abroad, 
to look^ afcer and fecure them. 



intire Sentences. 141 

- ■ (' 


N unlawful oath is better broke than kept. - 
He that meafureth oil ihall aaoint his fioger9* 

Qui mefiire V huile il •* en oingt les mains. Gall. A. 

To caft oil in the fire is not the way to quench it. 
Old men are twice children. 

a2/ wwiH 01 yij^. And that not in isfpeft of the nund 
only, but alfo of the body. 

Old be or young die. 

Never too old to learn, v. learn. 

Older and wifer. 

Di/cipulus tft ffioris pofterior din* Senec. Vwquam ita pdfi^ 
quam bene fuhduSd ratione ad 'vttam fuiU ftln rest ^ttas^ i^ 
Jemper aliquid apportet no*vi, Wf. Tercnt. Tifi^ctoM f omI «re^ 

You can't catch old birds with chafF. • 

Atmo/a tndpis non capitur laquio. 

If you would not live to be oU^ you xn'ufl: be 
hangM when you are young. . . 

Young men may die, old men muft. 

The old woman would never have jook'd for her 
daughter in the oven; had (he not been there 
hcrfelf. . 

Se la madre non foiTd mai ilata nel fomo, non vi cercarebbe 
lafiglia. hal. The fame to a word. 

An old ape hath an old eye. 
An old dog biteth fore. 

lUn vkil chien jamais ne jtppe en vain. GtJl. 


142 Prt^oerbs' thai dire 

Of yotirig men die many, of aid meii efcape notslny. 

De Oiovane ne muoibixo dT moiti; di yet^id ne fiampa 

An fHi^oji ti^ed^ Ifcarn tto craft. 

An tfA/ &ck afketh inttclt patchiiig. ^ 

Oik men and far travellers may Ge by atdiodty: 

11 li beau; meiitii> qui vldtt fie kiii; ^^ft 

JBettcf Itetipttirtfef att (ffdhtd^; thafi Crdfcp* liridet 

a new fiirze-btifb. 
As the tf/i cock crows, fo cfow9 tbe young [or^ fy 

the young learAS.] 

Chi di galling hafce convicn che rozole. Itdl. Some hare it. 

^he yt>trHg pig grunts like the old foW. 
Ati ^/thfef defircs a new halter. 
Old cattle breed not. 

This I believe is a trneobfenratioiif for ftohnH^itiai tfitt 
all terreftrial ahiinals,both birds and beaits,have in them»irom 
the beginning, the feeds of all thofe young fliey afterwards 
bring forth, which feeds,cggs if you lb pleai^ to cairthtBi,when 
they . are all ipent, the female becomes effaete, or oeafes to 
%Kei, Ik 'mis thefe fetd^ or eggs are viilbb^imid f^^IMt 
hath difcovered them alio ia' beads. 

Aa cJd nughtwiU never be ought. 
An aid dog will leani nO: tricks. 

It's all one to phyfick the dead, as to inlbuf): old men. Km- 
^ Urfuvfty 1^ yi^ftrm imfkntv twrvif 'Cr** Sems mutare tif^tmm^ 
is an abfdrd impoiCble thing. Old age is intradable, morofe^ 
flow, and forgetful. If they Have been put in a wrong way 
at firfty no hopes then of reducing them. Senex fjittacus neg- 

An old man is a bed full of bones. 

The ^A/ withy tfte ifvwfltf havt a new gate hung at 

iiflfe/ mares luft after new cruppers. 


intite \Senifncm • 14 j 

That thac'd ^ maii^s medt's^aiKiditr manVpoifbii^ 

L' uu mort dont P dutre vit. GalL ' ' ' . . 

O^ fwallow makes not a fpririg, nor one wood* 
cock a^wiiitfep. 

This is an ancient Greek Pr0VC|BtH^{/f« MMe. JfUtom^Jii,H 

Mia ^iXi^ufv tap ^ vroitT^ 

Chte fhoiridcr of nrotton dra\fe ddvra an6tlM^« ' 

£n mangeant I'appetit vient. GaU. 

• * * * 

Ofje man's breath's another man'if d6%tfL 
One man niay better fteal a horie^ than anojCher 
look over the hedge. 

If we once CQiLceive a good opinion of a maflf we will not 
be perfwaded he doth any thing amifs ; Biit him, wKohi we 
have a prejodice^ aga!mft, we are ready to {nfp&^. on the 
ilighteil occafion. Some have thia goad fortime, to hate ail 
their anions interpreted well» and their faults overlooked ; 
others to be ill btiield a&d Ai(peAe^» even when they are in- 
nocent. So parents many times are cbferved to have great 
partiality towards fome child ; and not to be offended with 
him for that) which. they would feverely puniih in their other 

One beats the bu(h and another catcbeth the bird. 

11 bat le buiitbn filns prendre I* oifillod. Gail. Ailfemnam 
faciunty alii pteMttrm. This Pi-ov^b was uied by IffePtfy tkt 
fifth, at the iiege of Orleans : when the citizens^ hftS^psi, by 
the Englijh^ would have yielded up the town to the Duke cMf 
Burgundy^ who was in the Englijh camp^ and not to the King^ 
He faid. Shall I beat the bafh and another take the bird ? no 
fttch matter. Wivkh words did ib oiend the X>uke» tlhat he 
made peace with the French^ and withdrew from the Sn/^fi^ 

One doth the fcaihand another hath the icovtiyi.c. 

One doth the harm and another bears the blame. 

Scath fignifies lofs or harm. 
Opportunity makes the thief. ■ 

Occafio facit furem. Therefore, mailers, foperiors, and 
houfe-keepersy ought to iecure their monies and goods under 
lock and key; that they do not give their fervasts, mmj 
<ithers, a temptation to ileal. ft 

1^ Proverbs that are 

It, i« good to cry Uk at other mens. cofts/Ulci. that 

is, Chriftmafs. 
If's lime tofet in when the ovtn comes to the dough* 

/. e. Time to marry when ths maid woes th« man : JMdnalld 
to that Cbifilfire Proverb. It is time to yoke when the cart 
cOm^^ tke caplety •/• e. horfes. 

Airs !«/ is good for prifoners but naught for the 

It's good for priibners to be oat, bat bad for the eyes to bo 
oatf This is a drbll ufed by good fellows when one teUi 
them, aU the drink is ottt. ' 

God fends us of pur ^;» when rich men go todinnen 
Let him that owns the cfow take her by the taiL 
'Tis good chriftenihg a man's own child firft. 
The ox when wearieft treads fureft. 

Bm lajfui fortius figit pejtvu Tliofe that ari flow are fiure. 


ASdiall pack, 6f r. v. fmall. 
Pain is forgotcen where gain follows. 
Great fain and little gain make a man foon weary. 
Without pains no gains. 

Dii ItthHrilut omnia i/eMdunt, 

It's good enough for the Par/on unlefs the parifli 
was better. 

It's here fuppofed, that if the Pai;|fli be very bad the Far- 
fbn mafl be in ibme fanlt : and therefore any thing is good 
enough for that Parfon whofe Pariihioners are bad, either by 
r^afon of his ill example, or the negiedt of his duty. 

Fat paunches make lean pates, ^c. 

Pinguis 'uenter mm grgmt ftnfum ttnutm^ This Hiermn mentions 

. . is 

. intire"* Bentenceu - ; 1^5 

♦^ o*he of Us Epiftles as < Grtik Proverb. The Greek is.jsiofe 
elflgant. , ... ..-• , 


• ■■ • . ■ . ■ X 

: . ' V - - I 

All the . honefty is in the *parfing, . 

Patch by patch is good hufbandry, but patch up^ 
t " on patclb is plain beggery 3. <?r, ,. • • 

•Ode ^^/f/& on a knee, £5?^. 
" Two ^^?rf^^j boaf knee, £sfr^. 

Fatience with poverty is all a p66r min*s remedy* 

Patience perforce is a medicine for a mad dog. 

PaiimceSst a. plajftcr for all fores.^ 

P^«/*s will not always, ftand.?, ; . % 

A fzir pawn never Ihamcd his maffer. 

A gpod pay-mafief heeds no'furcty ; or^ ftarts^ not 
at aflu ranees, . 

Once paid never craved. 

He ih'dt pays! laft never pays twice. 

He that cannot ^^;^, let him pray. 

They take a that never pay. 

He that would live in peace ^and reft> muft hear 
and fee and fay the beft. 

Oy, voy, & te tais, fi tu veuX vivre en palx. GalL. Odfe, 
vcde, tace, Sevuoi vivcr in pace. Ital. 

^ Fen and ink is wit's plough. 
* A penny in my p-urfe will bid me drink wi^P all 
the friends I have will not. . 

Fenny in pocket's a good companion. 
^ ^o, p^nny no pater-nqfter. 

That penny ?s well fpent that faves a groat. 

Bonne U maille qni|unre le denier. Qall. The half-penny 
is well fpent that fairciij^^enny. 

^ Fenny and penny laid up will be many. 
Who will not keep a penny fhall never have many. 

The greateft fura is m^dc up of pence : and he that is prodigal 

146 Proverbs that are 

of a little can never gam a great deal : beft4«s by fais iqjau^ 
dering a little one jnay take a fcantling of his inclinaitiQii. ' 

Near is my petticoat^ but nearer is my fmock. 

Mu chemife m' eft plus proche que ma robe.^ (7a//. 
piu la camiiia ch' il gippdne. ItoT, i, e. Tunica fAlko 'ftopitt. 
^AvuU^p ri yctv x^fAn. TJbeQcr. Some friends apCiieareF tome 
than others : my Parents and jChiLdren tbavi'Siy ptber^^bf^ 
tionsy thofe than nw neigjibo^rs, nay neieh^Qiurs than JOb'^a- 
gers: but above aU I ^n^ next to p^yfelf. -Plus ores .eft la 
chair que la chemife. GaiL My fiefli is nearer than my ibxit. 

If Phyjick do not work, prepare for the kirk« 
rJI not buy a pig in a poke. 

The French fay^ Chat tn poche,^. e. a cat ia a pojb^. 

Pigs love that lie together. 

A familiar converfation breeds friendfhip among di^ wh« 
are of the moil bafe and fordid natures. 

When the ^/^'S pr$^cr'd hoW up the pok^. 

Never refufc a good offer. * 

• ^ - . 

He that will not ftoop for a pin^ Ihall nerci: be 
' worth a point. ^ ..'.., 

He can ill pipe^ that wants his upper Up. 

things cannot be ^one without neceflary helps and inilrutfid4tl}* 

No longer pipe no longer danee. 
P//} not agarnft the wind. 

Chi pifcia contra il vento ii b^gna la can^fcia. Ital, 'l^e 
Mffeth asrainfl the wind wets his^fhirt. It is toaman's*own 

|)rejudice to ftrive againft the flream ; he wearies himfelf and 
lofes ground too. Chi ipoda contra ii vento fi fpuda contra i 
vi(b. I/a/. He that fpits againil the wQtPi^its in his ownikcefc 

The pitcher doth nor go fo often to the water, ^t 
it comes home broken at laft. 

Tant fouvent va le pot a 1' eau que V anfe y demeure. GalL 
^uem /ape tranfit aliquando invmk* Sen. Tvag. 


iniire ^a^i^$^ 147 

Foolifh ///y fpoiU a qity. 

Plain dealing*^ a JcwjcI^ but thfify th^ pfc it ,4je 

'bcggers- . 
He plays well that wins. 
As good plof for nothing as work lor nothing. 
He that plojfs more th^H hp fws forf(?ics his eyes tp 

the King. 
He bad nce4 rift Berin^qs tjyit .YTQuld pleafe every 

My- . ' 

He that would ptfflfi ^11, ^ JW^^ft^f too, uAder- 
t^kcs yi^^at ^le f^not #9. 

^pv$ y^ o.^vf §$*Stff 4vA1(fe( &iJj|iirii jr* aai^tau Theog^t 

Pleajing ware is half ipl^. 

Chofe qui plaift eft a demi rendu. GalL MercantU dki 
place e meza venduta. ItaL 


' Short pleafure long lament. ' ^s^. 4n ^. 

Pkniy maJigs dainry. 

The ^&w goes not well if the plow-man holds it 
not. * 

He that by iht plow would thrive hinifclf xoi^d ei- 
ther hold or drive. . . 

There belongs qnore than whiftling to goine; to plow 

A man tnuiiiplow wich fvich oxen as he h&ch« 

He is poor mdeed that cannot promife nothmg. 

Poor fplks are g)ad. of potti^e. 

Poor and proud, fy, fy. ^ 

The Devil wipes his tail with 1^poormzvL% pfl4*A 

A poor jrian's tabic i^foon fpread. 

Poffeffion is eleven points of the kw, ami tieffaj^ 
there are but twehe. • .. ^^ 

A cottage ia noflfefiic^, fSc^ fo. cottage^ v 

If you drink in your pqtf^^r you IF cqUgV •A 
your grave. ' » 'V 

When poverty comes in at the doors, loveleafM 
out at the windows. . . v..^;:- 

L 2 Plai 

148 Prt^erhs that are 

Plain of poverty and die a begger. 
Poverty parteth good fellowfliip. 
Pour not water on a drowned moufe. 

/'. e. Add not afHidion to mifery. 

Praife a fair dav, f^e. v. fair. 

Praife the fea, fcfr. v. fea. 

Prayers and provender hinder no man's journey. 

They Ihall have no more of ouv prayers than we of 

their pies (quoth the Vicar of Lay ton.) 
He that would learn to pray ^ let him go to fea, 

<^1 veut apprendre a prier, Aille fouvent fur la men iaalk 

Prettinefs makes no pottage. 
\ Pride will have a fall. 
Pride feels no cold. 

Pride goes before, Ihame follows after. 
It's an ill procejjion where the Devil carries the crols. 
A proud mind and a be^ger's purfe agree no( well 

• too:ethcr. . 

There's nothing agrees worfe than a proud mind 

and a begger's purfe* 
Ai proud come behind as go before. 

A maa may be humble that is in high eflate, and people 
of mean condition may be as proud as the highef^ 

It's good beating proud folks, for they'll not 

• The Prieji forgets that he was clerk. 

Proird upftarts remember not the meannefs of their former 

He that prieth into 6very cloud may be ftrickcn 
with a thunder-bolr. 

Proffered fcrvice [and fo ware] ftinks. 


Merx ultronea ftUet, i^ud Hieronym. Era/mus faith, ^n 


ihfire ' S entente f. 1 4^ * 

' ■% 

wTgd etiam tn 9rt e/ff nltrv delahtm ^hfimdum pkrunque ingraium ^ 
effe. So that it feems this Proverb is m ufe among the l)ut(b 
too. Merchandife oiferte eft a demi vendue. Gall. Ware that 
is proffered is fold for half tjie worth, or at half the price. 

^ ■ 

All promifes are cither broken or kept. 

This is a flam or drolU ufed by tfiei^ jChat break their word.- 

The properer man [and fo the l^Oflcfter] the '^orA? 
" luck. ' 

Aux bons mefchet il. GalL 

Better feme of a pudding than none of a pyc. 
There's no deceit in a bag pudding. 
The proof of the pudding is in the eating. 
Pull hair and hair> and you'll make the carle bald. 

Cauda pilos equina pmutati'm v tiler e. There is a notable ftor/ 
of Sertorius mentioned by Plutarch in his life. He, to per- 
fwade hisfoldiers that counfel was more available than ftrength, 
caufes two hories to be brought out, the one poor and lean ;, 
(he other ftrong and having a buihy tail. To the poor weak 
horfe he fets a great, ^rong, young man. To the ftrong 
horfe he fets a little weak fellow, each to pluck off his horfe's 
tail. This latter pulling the hairs one by one, in a ihort 
fpace, got off with the whole tail : whereas the young roan, 
catching all the tail at once in his hands, fell a tugging with 
all his mi^ht, labouring and fweating to little purpofe ; 'till 
at lail he tired, and made himfelf ridiculous to all the com« 
pany. Piuma a piuma fe pcla V occha. ItaL Feather by fea- 
ther the gcofe is plucked. 

Like punijhment and equal pain, both key an4 

key-hole do maintain^ 
Let your purfe be your mailer. 

Meffe tenus propria ifive. 

All is not won that is put in the purfe. 
He that (hews his purje longs to be rid of it, 
.Be it better or be it worfe, be rul'd by him that .. 
bears the purfe. 

1,3 That*. 

150 Prpujerh that are 

That's but an empty purfe that is full of other 
mens money. 



UICK at meat, quick at work. 

Bonne bede s' eichaufFe en mangeant. GalL A gpooi^ 
bead will get himfelf on heat witE eating. Hardi gaigneur 
hardi mangeur. Qall. 

We muft live by the quick and not by the dcacf. 
Any thing'for a j«/V/ life. 
Next to love quietnefs. 


f^MALL rain lays great duft. 

Pethe pluye abat grand vent. Small rain, or a Httte 
I'ain lays a great wind. Gait. &o faid a niad f<?II6wy who lytiKg 
in bed be-pifs'd his farting wife's bax:k. • 

After rain comes fair weather. . 

Haife no more fpirits than you can conjure down* 

1 hou art a bitter bird,faid the Ra*uen to the Sterlings 

Raw leather will ftretch. 

There's reafon in roaftihg of eggs. 

EJl modus in rehus. • 

rio recover no thief. 

1 he receiver'*^ as Bad as the thief. 

*A/xf ore^ot xXft^wij xj h^ix^i\^^ xj xX/x^oJ. PhocyL 

He that r^f^^^j without his hoft muft reckon again. 

Chi fa conto fenza P hofte fa cento due volte. Ital. Qai 
coroptd fans Ton hbfte, il lui convient compter dcuxfois. G^. 


iniire Sentencfs, jri 

£v«n r^ri^n/xr^ keeps long friends,. '^ 

A vieox conptes nouvelles difputea. Gall. Old reckoniiigi 
breed new dilutes or <}U£rreIs. Conto fyti(o e. amkitia lone^ 

Never refufe 3, good offer. 

If I had revenged all wrong, I had not worn mjr 

(kins fo long, 
^Tis brave fcrambtJng at H rich tniti*s dole. 
Soon ripe foon rotten. 

Clio nuUurum atl putri^m* Odi piurubm pr^oci fiipi$ntia* 
Apiii. It is commonly licid an ill ^n, for ^ child to be tod 
forward and rife-witted, m%* either to^ bptoken premature 
deatb^ according to that maittiX h»T<f fdmcwhcat i«eii under % 
coat of arras^ 

// ca^t ante firum qui ffipit anti dim I 

Of to betoken as early a decay of wit and parts. As trees 
that bear double fiowers* id^ Ghrrries^ Fetohet, icc^ brhig 
forth no fruit, but fpend all in the bl<)^ai* Wherefore aa 
another Proverb hath it, tt is better to knit than blofibsi*-^ 
frsflo maturo, prsfto marzo. Jtah 

Why fhould a rich man fteal ? 
Men life to worfhip the rijing fun. 

Plures adorant foUm orientem quam otcidiriteik* They Aat are 
young and rifing, have more follpwars than they that are old 
and decaying.This cohfld^rationi it is thought, withheld Queen 
Elizabetijf a prudent Princeffr^ 'froni declaring her fiiccefibr. 

All's loft that's put in a riven difli. 

All is lofl that is beilowed upon an ungrateful perfon ; ^ 
yemembers bo courte£es. Perit qmdfacis ingrato. Senec. 

He loves roajl-meat well, that licks the fpit. 
Many talk of RobinHood^ that never (hot in his bow. 
And many talk of little "Jobn^ that never did. 
him know. 
Tales of Robin Hood are good enough for fools. 

That is, many talk of things which they have no (kill in, or 
^xpexicncs of Rokm flood was a famous robber in the time 

L4 ^ 

15^ Proverbs that ^are 

• • ♦ 

of King Richard the firft : his principal haunt was aT)Out 
Sbirtnvocd f oreft, in Nottingham/hire, Camden calls him, /r<f* 
donem mitjjtmum. Of his Itolcn goods he afforded good pexuty*. 
Norths, Lightly come lightly go. Molti parlan di Orlando 
chi non viddero mai fuo brando. LaL Non omnes fui citbardm 
tenent citbarctdi. ' * • 

Spare the roi and fpoil the child. 

A rogue s^ wardrobe is harbour for a loufe. . 

A rolling ftonc gathers no mofs. 

Saxum fvoluium non obducitur mufca. Aj^s xv>4fi6fu»^ *rl 
fvxO' u ttrodr Pieira mofla non fa xnufchio. Ita/i - La pierr^. 
fouvent remuee n' annalfe pas volontiers moufle. GaJI. To 
which is parallel that of Fabius, Qa. PLnta quaf^ius tratu^^ 
firtur non coalefeit* A plant often removed cannQt thrive. 

Rome was not built in one dav. 

Rome n' a efle bafti tout en un joar. Gall, 8c Grand .bien 
ne vient pas en peu d* heures. A great eftate is not gotten in 
a few hoars. - . 

Name not a rope in his houfe that hang'd hioifclf/ 
No r<?/^ without a thorn. -* ' ' 

- Kulla fft Jincerq. ^voluptaf. 

The faireft rofe at laft is withered. 

The rough net, fcfr. v. net. 

At a round table there's no difpute of place. 

This.deferves not a place among Proverbs, yet bccaufe I 
find it both among our Englijb ColleAions,' and likemfe the 
French and Italian^ I have let it pafs. A tavola tonda non ^ 
coniende del lacco. ItaU Ronde table oile le dcbat. Gall. 

He may ill run that cannot go. 

He that runs falteft e;ets mod ground. 

There's no general rule without fome cxceptiofl*, 



intirt' Sentences.' 1.53^ 


N old fack, t^c. v. old. 
Set thefaddfe on the right horfe. 

Tl^s Proverb may be variouily app^lied ; cither Ausi Let 
them bear the blame that deferve it : or thus. Let tnem bear 
the burden that are beft able. - - ' 

yfhercfaddks do lack, better ride on a pad, tharj. 
the bare horfe-bacK. 

■ • • ■ • « , 


Sadnefs and gladnefs fucceed each othej^. 

It's hard to^/7 o'er the fea in*an egg fliell. 

A young faint an ol^ devil, v. young. 

A good falad is the prologu^ to a bad fupper.//^// 

ThiereV a yS/i;^ for every fore. 

« • • ■• 

A ogni cofa e rimedio fuora qu' alia morte, Ital. Theresa % 
itakiedy for every thing bat death, < • •' » 

Save fomething for the man that rides on the white 

» • • • 

For old age, wherein the head grows white. It's fomewhat. 
a harih Metapbw to compare age to a horfe.^ 

Some favers in a houie do v/ell. 

Every penny that's j^wJ is not gotten. 

Of yivi;/^ Cometh having. 

Learn to fy before you fing. 

He . that would fail without danger, muft never 

come on the main fea. 
Sitfing and doing are two things. 

Da dire aa fiuft j a paiid triift* GJL 

Saywdlztkdi* ' kttqv Say well 

is ,good' 

- .': One 

154 Prtroifh that are 

One fcahVi fheep will marr a whole flock. 


Un a pecora infetta n' amnforba una fetta. ItaL H ne faat 
qu' une brebis rogneufe pour gafter tout le troupcau. QalL 

Grtx totuJ in agris umus/eaite eadit 
Et porrigine porcu Juvenal. 

Scald not your lips in another, 6fr. v. anothefrv 
A fcalded cat tears cold water. 

Can Arottato d* acqua calda faapaurapoi delk fredda* luj^ 
Chat efchaude craint P eaa froide. GalL 

AfcaVd head is foon broken. 

A JcaN horfe is good enough for a fcabb'd ^iquirCt 

Dignum fatelld operculum. 

Among the common people Scoggin is a dofton 

'£» a^rcK i^ )(6pv^^ f^^yyileet. Eft autem Corydut vil^jf^ 
fnuM afvicula gjnus tainimtque canorum. 

Who more ready to call her neighbour yi^ thaqi *^ 

the erranteft fcold in the parifh ? 
Scornifig is catching. ' , •- 

He that fcorns any condition, aftion, or employmentf ^lUr 
come to be, nay o^en h driven upon it bibl/bllF. ^tnie MtfJIlt . 
thu5 : Hanging's ftretching, mockrng's catdhing. 

Scratch my breech,, and Fll claw yoyrelbo#« ''tCP'. ' 

Muiuum mulifcahunt. Ka me and Fll ka thee. When QmML^- 
fcrvicg perfons commend one another. Manus malum JjH^R'^ 

Sc Manus martum la.'vat. Differ not much vA ihifip. " TfjJ 

* %■ • 

• ^. 

Praife the fea but keep on land. j i 

Loda il mare & tienti a terra. ItaU ., .*^ 

The fecond blow makes the fray. . • -^ 

. Seldom feen foon forgotten. 

intin Seta^nm. 155 

SeHng is believing. 

Chi con r occhio vrfe, Wit ciior crede. //«/. 

Seek rill yofl fifitJ, and jrotiMl nOt Icrfe ydirr Iftbm)'' 
Seldom comes d bstccf . 
To^e it rain is better than to be in it. 
The felf-edgt makes ,ikow of the cloth. / 
Self do, felf have. 
Self'love'% a mote in every min's eye. 
Service is no inheritance. 
A young fervin^-man, feff. 1?* young. 
It's zjhame to fteal, but a worfe to carry hoffle"; 
- Sbamtlefs craving muft have ihanK^iil nay. 

A bon demandeur bon r^feor. ^tdl. 
.It's very hard fo fliavc an egg. v. eg^ 
, A barber Jearns to jhave by (having lools. 

A barbe de k\ on tmieai S raire. GaU ' Ala barda Ac paxu 
il barbier impara a radere. Ital- He il a, foal-tbU will fullar 4 
yOQDg begtancr to praAife firfi upon Iiiiiij 

It's ill^awff^ agwnft the woolf. 
He that ma^ himlelf -a Jbeep fliall be eacefi by 
the wolf. 

Chi pccon fi ft il Inpo la inugia, ItJ. Qyi Te fait breUi 
V hnip le dUai^' O^. w dut it tfe&de, iml poti njf a^ 
frantf and injnna, JhaU be fare to be&ftdb. I^tttrak ftrt»4» 

tHJuriam in'vila/ navam. Tewni. ftjifaUa caiunt triertj. Plant. 

S\itAT Jheep, that has them. 

The difference is wide thatChe^frf/j will not decide,. 

He thac^fwj his purlc, f^c. v. purft. ' 

Hang him that hath no Jjifls. 

A bad fhitV, Wr. v. bad. 

A good>//> may ferve long, but it frUI not fervh 

Clofe fits my (hirt, fcff. v. clofe. 
SbiiUn luck's good luck- 


1^6 Proverbs that an 

The wearer bed knows where the^^^ wrings him,' 
'Rwtxy Jhoe fits not every foot. 

It is therefore an inftance of abfufd application* fjwMbirjA 
ieum omni pediinduere. Or, Eodem collyrio omnibus nuderi. 

Who goes worfe (hod than the Jhoe-tnaktr^^ wife ? 

or^ Who goes more bare than the fhoe^maker's 

wife and the fmith's mare. 
TYitJhoe will hold with the fole. 

La fuola tien conla Scarpa. Ital. i. f. The ible holds with 
the ihoe. 

Every man -mWfioot at the enemy, but few will go 

to fetch the (haft. 
Keep thy Jhop^ and thjr Ihop will keep thee. 
Short and fwect. 

Sermonis prolixitas faftidio/a* Cognat. e Ficino* 

* > ■ 

Short acquaintance brings repentance* 

A fhort horfe is foon curried. 

Short {hooting lofcs the game^ ■ 

Short pleafure long lamenj. 

Pe court plaifir long repentir. GalL 

p. . ■ . . • • • 

'AJhort man needs no ftool to give a great lulii^ 
a box on the ear. . \ 

A Iharp ftomach mdikt^Jhort devotion. - 
Out oi fi^ht out of mind. . ' .. 

This is (I fuppofe) alfo a Dutch Proverb. For Styi/km'tl^ 

Jam omnibus in ore eft , qui femotus Jit ab dculis aakhn fdjfigm;'^ 
animo Jemotum e/fs, Abjens hares non erit. 


Silence is confent. Chi tace confefla. It^L , 7^ 

*Av\o o\ TO c\yu9 o/AoXoyyyl^V tr» ^«« Euripid. ..^J^ iSttU . 
/entire ^videtur, ivauiunt Juris conjulti, Allez COnien^ 
mot dit. GalL 

\-. intife SienfmciU i^j 

White Silver draws black lines. 
"Unjiher no fervant. 

The Siaffii have a Pfcverb mmoag themfelTes, parallel to 
this. PoiDt d' argent point de Suilte. No money no Suiji, 
The Suiffu for nuntey will ferve neighbouring Princes in their 
wars, and are at famous in our dajrs for mercenary foldien, 
«) were the Cariaiu of old. 

Who doth Jtng fo rnerrya note, as he that cannot 
change a. groat ? 
CantaBit veaait ttram iairatu •vtater. 

The brother liad rather fee the^fr rich than make 

herfo. ' 

As good^/ ftill as rife up and fall. 
If ihe^ falls we (hall catch larks. 

Se' rouinafle fl cielo fi pigliarebbon di inoiti nccelli, J>j/, 
Sile ciel tomboiles cailles leroyent prinfn. GaU. 

A broken fleeve, &c. v. broken. 
Good to Jlefp in a whole Ikin. 
, The fiuggar£% guife. Loth to go to bed and loth 
- toiifeT 

Sluts are good enough to make flovens pottage. 
Afmall fum will ferve to pay a fliort reckoning. 
Afmall pack becomes a fmall pcdicr. 

Petit nterder, petit panier. G«U, 

'Better are ^na/rfilh than an empty dilh. 

• The fmcke follows the fair. 
No fmoke wichoiit fome fire. /. e. There is no (trong 
rumour wirhoiit fonie ground for ir. Cognatus 
hath ii among his Latin Proverbs, Non ejl fumus 
ahfqui igne, though it be no ancienc one, 
Snolly folks are fwcct, but flavcring foiks arc weet. 
Others have ir, 
^ Slavering folks kifs fweet, bucyjfgj lhfe lks are wife. 
Kidc /cftly, that wc may comi " ' 


.158 Pf^veris that ere 

Soft fire makes fweet mak* ' ' ' , ' 

Something hath fome favourw 
§9(m hoc foon cokl. 
^on ripe, &c. v. tipt. 
Soon crooks the tree, &c. i;. crooks. 
Sorrovfj and an evil life, maketh foon airi <^d"wite* 
Sdrrow comes unfent for. Mala ultra adfunt. 
: Barrow will pay no deb?. 
Sorrow is always dry. 
A turd*s as good for ^frut) 4s a pancake* 

Truy ajm^ mieu^.braQ c[up rofes. ^^//^ 

Every yitt; to her own trough. 

In /pace comes ^race. 

Better ^^r^iy than ill fpcnt. 

hettcr /pare at the brim, than ^t the bottom; 

'Evcrjpare ^i^d ever hare. 

Spare the rod, &c. -r;. rod- 

What the good- wife j|^r^i the cat eats. 

It's too late to j^^r^- when the bottom isi)afe« 

Sera in f undo parjimonia. Seneca, Epift. i. t^tn .V \n,4mAmi 

Spare to fpeak, and fp^re co fpfied« 

Speak fair and ihiiifc. what tyou will. 

He xh^x. /peaks lavifhly ihall hear as kn^vifhly. 

^i pergit e^ qtue'vult dicere^ ea qua nowvuk 4iudiet, Tcr^t.. 

5^^^^ when you are Ipokc to, come when you are 

jid cortfiUum ni ^ccefferis antequam itoceris. 

Great fpenders zxt bad lenders. 
Kaife no more fpiiuts, &c. v* raife; 
Spend and God will fend. 

A qui chapon mange chapon lui vient. Gall IJc that cata 
^pod meat ihall havfe good meat. 

A man 

A man cannot >^/» and red at the &me time. 
vYou mvi^fpoil before you fpin. 
That is yjtWfpcken that is well taken. 
The vforOi /poke in a cart breaks firft. 
Noj^^r/ no.pye. 

Sporl is fweeteft when no Ipeftators. 
Do notour a fne horfe. 

Non cpus admifijkhdere caUar equo. Ovid* 

A fpur in the head's worth two in the hee|. 

It's a bad Jlake will not Hand one year in the hedge. 

I^othiog^^i^^ nothing draw. 

Standing pools gather filth. 

Sunders ly fee more th^n gatoe^er?* 

Plus in aliaio quam infuo negotio mdoft hmims. 

He that will fieal an egg will fteal an ox. 

He "that willow/ a pin will fteal a better thing, 

When the Jieed is ftoFnthe ftable doorfhallbefliut. 

Serrar la dalla qyandoit* han perdati f^boovi. //«/. 'U^ttt 
temps de fermer V enable j^uand les cjieympc epibimU^..^^ 

^andoqutdem accipto claudenda eft jatma damno. Jar. Sat* ij« 
Sfri cypmm iift. wtmra fuma. Ovi4- 

Blcffed be St. Stephen^ there's nofaftupon hiseveh.' 
He that will not. go over thcjlile muft be thruft 

thro' the gate. 
Thcjiill&m eats up 9II the draught. 
Whofo lacketh 2iJiocky his gain's not worth 9.clup* 
Sfore is no for^. 
Stretch your arm, &c. v. arm. 
Strike while the iron, &c. v. iron. 
He muH Joop that hath a low door,. . 


( l6o Trfiverbs that are 

After zftortn comes a calm. 

Doppo il cattivo ne vien il buon tempo. ItaL Apres la 
pluye vient le b'eaa temps. GalL 

No Jlriving againft the dream. 

Contra torrent em niti, ti^ ^^% 'KeMjiiku 
Stttltus ab obliquo qui cum dtfcedere pojjitf 
Pugnat in adaerjds ire natator a^uasm Ovid. 

Of fufferance comes eafe. 

Thatj^iV is beft that beft fits me. 

•No funjhine but hath fome fhadow. 

Put a ftoolin they«», when one knave rifts ano- 
ther comes, viz. to place of profit. 

They that walk much in the fun will be tann'd at 

Sure bind fure find. 

Bon gaet chafle mal avcnture. GalL Abundans cautela iton 

If you fevear you'll catch rto filh* 
- ViofweeS without fome fweat, 

NuP pain fans peine. Gal/» 
• -•--. . .. ■ • 

Sweet meat muft.have fowre fauce. 

He muft needs fwim^ that's held up by the chin; 

M * 

Celuy peut hardiment nager a qui 1' on rouftient le menton. 


"Put not a naked yw(?r^ in a mad man's hand. 

^ Ne puero gladium. For they will abufe it to their own and 
/others harm. 

He that ftrikes with the /word (hall be beaten with 

the fcabbard. 
Sweep before your own door. 


intire Sentences. i6r 


MAKE not thy tail broader than thy wings./.^. 
keep not too many attendants, j 
A tailor's (hreds are worth the cutting. 
Good take heed doth furely fpeed. 
A good tale^ ill told, is marr'd in the telling. 
One tale is good *cill another is told. 

Therefore a good Judge ought to hear both parties, ^uift^ 
fuit aliqwd forte imauditd idierd, JBfuum Ucei Jfatmrit bami 
aquus fuerit. 

The greateft talkers arc always the lead doers. . 

'Ov Xoytov ^iTroci EXAck *^* ^«». Nan verbis fed faSis opui 
ift. Nee mihi dicere prompfumt nee facere eft iftL Ovid. Ferha 
importat HermoQOrus. 

He teacbeth ill, who teacheth all. 
Nothing dries fooner than tears. 

. Niente piu tollo fe fecca che lagrime. ItaL 

When I have thatcVd his houfe he would throw mc 

'E^a|a <n xt;C*rav ^ crv pv^icM fu ^gXi^. I haVC taught thec 

to dive, and thou feekeft to drown me. 

He that thatches his houfe with turd fhall have 

more teachers than reachers. 
Set a thief to take a. thief. 
All are not thieves tl>at dogs bark at. 
Save a thief from the gallows, and he'll be the firfl: 

fhall cut your throat. 

Dlfplcchal' impicchato che impicchera poi te. I/al. OAez 
un vilain du glbet il vous y mettra, Ga/L 

Give a thief rope enough, and he'll hang himfelf. 

M One 

1.6a Prwfrbs that are 

One may think that dares not fpeak. 

And it's as ufual a faying. Thoughts are free. 

Human laws can take no cognizance of thoughts, anleiir 
^ey difcover themfelves by fome overt actions . 

Wherever a man dwelh, he (hall be fure to have a 
tborn-bujb near his door. 

Ntif place, no condition is ^tempt from ali trouble. Nihil 
eft ab omni parte heatum. In medio Ty bride Sardinia eft* I think 
k is true c^ the thorn buih in a literal fenfe. Few places in 
Emgland where a man can live is but he ihall have one near 

He that handles thorns fhall prick his fingers* 
thought lay in bed and beftiit himfelf. 


Certo fa appiccato per ladro* //«/. i. e* Truly or certainty 
was hanged for a thief. 

threatened folks live long. 

^hree may keep counfc], if two be away. 

The French fay, Secret de Dea:*: fecret dc Dieu, fecret dc 
trois fecret de tous. The Italians in the fame words, Tre 
taceranno, fe due vi non fono. 

If you make not much of three-pence you'll ne'er 

be worth a groat. 
Tickle my throat with a feather, and make a focA 

of my ftomach. 
He that will thrive muft rife at five ; He that hath 

thriven may lie 'till fevcn. 
The thunderbolt hath but his clap. 
Tidings make either glad or fad. 
Time fleeth away without delay. 

Cito pede fraterit atat. Fugit irre^uocabiU temptu. 

A moufe in time may bite in two a cable. 
Time and tide ta^ry for no mta. 


intif'i SentemBs^ 4.63 

Time and ftraw make medlars ripe. . . 

^ Col tempo 8c lapaglia fi lAatufano inefpoli. IfaL • Avec le 
temps & la paille I' on meure les m^fles.. GalL 

Take time when time is, for time will away. 
Timely bloflbm timely ripe* 
A tinker's budget's fulj <>f. neceflary ^ools. - 
Too much of one thing is good for nothing, 

^^Affei y a ii trop-n* y a: Gall, Ne fuU nimis, Mvi^lv «y«». 
This is ah Apoph^begm of one of tlie feven wife men ; fome 
itlribfiie ie fo Thales^ fbiAe to thhn. Eft modus in rehusy funt^ 
isfr. Hor. L* abpndanza dellc cofe ingenera faftfdio. ItaU 

Too too wHHtf two, Chefit: l.^'ifi Strain atfeing too 

much and it will not hold. ' 

Touch a gall'd horfe, SrcJ-'t^. g^ll'd. •' * ' * 
He that travels far kjiows much, . , 

'Trafi , and. trumpery, is the^hig^r way to b'q^ery . . 
Tffcad ow a Worm, ^f. v.- Wferm. : 
There's fw> /r(?f birt bMf9'fdm«f frmt. "; - 

Strch as i\C6 trie is, fach t^f the fruit. ' '' * 

Telle racine, telle fueille. Galt^' Defru^Moremcognofcol 
Matth, xii. -34.,. T]y»e.tree is known by its fruit. . v- 

If you /r^ before you try, ybu majr repent bfefo'rfi 
you die... 

liWu Xf^fAar' o\t(T(Ta, wiokW^ tfeaisbi. ThH^» Therefore it 
was an aildent precept. Mcf»*]<^ Aw^ririrf . Non vien ingantiato {^ 
non che ii fida. ItaL There is none deceived but he that 

% * 

In truji is treafoh. 

Speak the truth and fhame the Devil. 

Truth may be*bTamed,but it fi>all never be Ih'jlmcaii 

Truth finds foes where it makes none. 

Oh/eptTunt amines, Veritas cdium patit,- Tcreiiti 

llrttth hath always a fad bottom. 

M 2 All 

164 Proverbs that are 

All truth muft not be told at all times. 

Toat vray n' eft pas bon a dire* GalL * 

That is true which all men fay. 

VoM populif 'VOX DeL 

Fair fall truth and day-light. 

Let every tub ftand on its own bottom. 

Cbafcan ira au moulia avec ion propre fac. GalL Every one 
muft ro to the mill with his bwu facK>/. /. bear his pwn burden. 

A turd is as good for a fow» v. Ibw. 

^here the Turk^% horfe once treads^ thegrafs never 

One good turn afks another. 

Qui plaifir fait plaifir reauiert. GalL Gratia gratiarkfarit. 
XA^ yji^%llny SopbotL He that would have friends m nit 
ihew himfelf friendly. Fficamttm refrica^ tof |i;o»I» apl»{(/fiy« 
It is meet and comely, juft and equal to requite. kindnefTeSy and 
to make them amends who have deferved well of us. Mutu* 
al offices of love, and alternale help or afliitance> are the fruits 
and iiTues of. true friendships ^ . 

Swine, women, and bees cannot be turned. 
For one good turn another doth itch, claw my el- 
bow, ' &c. 
All are not turners that are difh-throwers. 
As good twenty as nineteen. 
If things were to be done twicey all would be wife. 
Two heads are better than one. 

*£»/ knif uKkS a¥yif* Unus vir nulhu *vir» 

Two good things are better than one. 
Two eyes fee more than one. 

Deuu yeux voycnt plua clair qu* un. GalL PIhj mdm ocu- 


intire Sentences. i6g 

Two of a trade feldom agree. 
Two ill meals, &c. v. meals, 
Between fwo ftools the breech cameth to the 

Tencr il cul fu due fcanni. Ifal. II a le cul entre dcuJC 
folles; or, Aflis entre deux fe)les le cul a terre. GalL Tout eft 
fait negligement la ou V un T autre s' attend. While one trufU 
another, 3ic work is left undop^, 

Two dry fticks will kindle a green one. 
Two to one is odds. 

Noli pugnare duobus Catull. & Ne Hercules quidem ad'uerfus 
duos» It is no uncoi|iely thing to give place to a multitude. 
Hard to refift the ftrehgth, or the wit, or the importunity of 
two Of more combined againft one. Hercules was too littl<^ 
for the Hydra and Cancer together. 

Two cats and a mbufe, two wives in one houfe, two 
dogs and a bone never agree in one. 

Deux chieos ne s' accordent point a un os. CM., 

Good riding at two anchors men have told. 
For if one break the other may hold, 

Duahus anchoris fultus, *Ew« ^w opiA,M, ^rijlid, ^Aya^cU ^ 

Pindar, It's good) in a ftormy or winter night, to have two 
anchors ,to call out of a (hip. 

Two dogs ftrive for a bone, and the third runs away 
with it. 


HE that ftays in the valley fhall never get over 
the hill. 
Valcur would fight, but difcretion would run away. 
You cannot make velvet of a fow*s ear. 

M 3 Ventwe 

J 66 Proverh that a^e 

Venture a fmall fifti to catch a great one, 

11 fant hazarder un petit poiflbn pour prendre an gr&nd. QalL 
Butta una iardola per fJigUar )in litQcio. ItaU 

Venture not all in one bottom. 
Nothing venture nothing have. 

Chi non s' arrifchia non guadagna. hal. Qni ne s' adven- 
ture n' acheval ny mule, GalU ^id imm tent are nocebit ? V^ 
Conando GraciTroja potiti /unt, 


Where vice is vengeance follo\ys. 

Rarb ante<edenten% fceUfium defiruit pede pana clauda* Horat. 

Unbidden guefls, t3c. v* in G. 
Better be unborn than unbred. 


Make a virtue of neceffity. 

II favio fa della necefSta virtu* Ifal^ Tviv i,Ht^Ka!iet9 tlxn^ 
Tft^sty, & 'AvctfKaiofayttv, £ra/mus makes to be much of th^ 
fame icnfe. tbati^, to doprfttffer t^at patiently ityjiich cannot 
well be avoided. Le^iusjit paticntia^ ^icquid corrigire eft ne^ 
fas. Oi to dp that ourfelves by an a^ of. ojif own, wkich wp 
fhould otherwife ihortly be c6mpelle4 to do. So the Ahhies 
and Con^vents^ whicjircfigned their lands into King Henry the » 
eighth** hands, made a virtue of neceffity. , 

Ungirt unblefs'd. 

Better be unmannerly than trQublefpme. 

Unminded unmoned. 

Jjfe makes perfeftncfs, 

U/us. promptos facit, 

Ufe legs and have legs. - 

Once an ufe and ever a cuflom. 

To borrow on ufury brings fudden beggery. 

C ill us ufua currit quatn H^raclitus,- The p^y-days recur be- 
fore the creditor is aware. Of the mifchiefs of ufury I need 
fay nothing> there having been two very ingenious treatifes 
lately p^iblifhed upon that fubjeft, fufficient to convince any 


, ■» 

intire Sentences. 167 

diiinterefted perfon of tlie evil coniequeaces of a Ugh vMx^ 
reily and the benefit that would accrue to the commonwealth 
in general/ by the depreiiion of interefl. 



No fafc wading in an unknown water. 
It's not good to wake a flecping dog 5 of 
lion. Hal: 
Good ware makes quick markets. 

Prob4i merx fadlt emptortm riperit, Plaut. Poen. 

When the wares be gone, (hut up the (hop windows. 

One cannot live by felling ware for words. ^ 

War muft be wag'd by waking men. 

Wars brings fears. 

No marvel if waier be lue, 

Lue, /. e. inclining to cold, whence comes the word luke- 

Foul water will quench fire. 
Where the water is (hallow no vc(!el will ride. 
It's a great way to the bottom of the fea. 
There are more ways to the wood than one. 
The weakeji muft go to the wall. 

Les mal veflus devers le vent. Gall. The worft clothed ard 
Hill put to the wind-.w^rd. 

Weak men had need be witty. 

Wealth makes woflhip. 

The wearer beft knows where the (hoe, ^c. v. (hoe. 

Never be weary of well-doing. 

It's hard to make a good web of a bottle of hay.. 

There goes the wedge where the beetle drives it. 

One ill w^^^ marrs a whole pot of pottage. 

An ill-fpun weft will out cither now or eft. 

Weft, i, e, web. This is a Torkjhire Proverb. 

M 4 Great 

1 68 Prwerh that an 

Great weights hang on fmall wires. 

Tutte le gran facende ii fanno di poca colfa. Lai. 


W'elcome is the bcft cheer. 

Uim)f li Tt S^/A^ o^tf^. In munerihus res frafiantijjima meif% 
tft. Super omnia 'vultus actejfere honL 

That that is W/done is twice done, 
JVell^ well, is a word of malice, Chejb. 

In other places, if yoa fay iJoeUt well^ they will aik, whom 
you threaten. 

If well and them cannot, then ill and them can. 
Torkjh. ' 

A whet is no let. 

As trood never a whit as never the better. 
A white v/all is a fool's paper. 

Muro bianco carta da matti. ItaL Some put this In rhyme ; 
He is a fool and ever ihall, that writes his name upon a wall. 

Two w' ores in a houfe will never agree. 
A young whore an old faint. 
Once a whore and ever a whore. 

^i femel /curra nunquam paterfamilias. Cic. Orat. Alimanda 
quiuiju iterum ludeU 

Wide will wear but narrow wilWear. 

Who fo blind as they that willnox fee ? v. in B. 

Who fo deaf as they thatw;/// not hear? 

■ II n' eft de pire fourd que celoy qui ne veut oa'ir. Gall, 

He that will not when he may, when he wills he 

(hall have nay. 
Nothing is impoffible to a willing mind. 
Will is the caufc of woe. 


intire Sentences. 169 

They who cannot as they willy muft will as they 
may 5 or^ muft do as they can, 

Ghi non pao fare come voglia faccia come puo. Ital. anj 
CSax noa puo quel che vuol, quel che pno voglia. ^uoniam id 
fori fuad'uis non poteft^ nftlis id quodpoffis, Terent. Andruu 

Puff not again ft the wind. 

It is an ill wind blows no body profit. 

A quelque chofe nialliettr eft boi^ae. GaU^ Misfortune is 
good for fomething. 

The wind keeps not always in one quarter. 
Good wine need no bufti. 

Al buon vino non bifogna frafca hat. A bon vin il ne faut 
point d' enfeigne. GalL Fino <uendihih bedird /ufpenjd nihil $fi 

When the wine is in, the wit is out. 

In Proverhium cejjit^ Sapientiam 'vinoobumbrari. Plin. Jib. 27. 
cap. 1. Vindcntro,fennofuora. ItaU 

The fweeteft wine makes the (harpeft vinegar. 

Vinegar, /. e» Vinum acre. Forte c V aceto di vin dulce. 
Ital* Corruptio optimi eft pq/JUma. 

Wink at fmall faults. , 

It's a hard winter when one wolf cats another. 

This is a French Proverb, Manvaife eft la faifon quand un 
loup mange V autre. 

Winter is Summer's heir. 

He that pafleth a winter^s day efcapes an enemy. 

This is alfo a French Proverb, Qui paffe un jour d' hyver 
pafTe un de fes ennemis mortels: 

Winter finds out what Summer lays up. 
By wifdom peace, by peace plenty. 


J 70 Proverbs that are 

Wife men are caught in wiles. 

A wife head makes a clofc mouth. ' 

Sonie are w//^ and fome are otherwifc. 

Send a wife man of an errand, and fajr nothiog 

to him. 
Wifhers and woulders are never good houfboldcrs. 
If ^j/2>^j were butter-cakes, beggers might bite. 
If wifhes were thrulhes, beggers would eat birds. 
If wijhes would bide, beggers would ride. 

Si fouhaits furent vrais paftoureaux feroyent rois. GalL If 
wifhes might prevail, fhepbords w(HiU be Kings. 

It will be long enough eVe you wifb your (kin full 

of holes. ; 

I never fared worfe thanwheni wijh^diov my fupper 
Wifh in one hand and (hit in the other, and ;fec 

which will be full firft. 
Bought wft is beft. 

Dtiro Jlagello mens doc(tur rfSiis. Xi^i^ Ji /!^^l «ra'* 
^xyojygT Kocf^Mv. Nazianx, Tla^i^a ^jueAi^xy Nocumenta 
docummta^ Galeatnm /tri dmlli pasnitH. 

Good w/Vj jump. 

Wit once bought is worth twice taught. 

A wonder lafts but nine days. 

A wooll feller knpws a wooU-buyer. , Yorkfh. 

A word is enoug;h to the wife. 


A buon intenditor poche parole. Ital, A bon entendeur il 
ne faut que demye parole. GalL So the Italians fay, A few 
words^ ; we fay, one word ; and the French fay, half a word ' 
is enough to the underltanding and apprehenfive. 

Many go out for woM and come home (born. 
Words Site but wind, but blows unkind. 


^^^Qr4f mates f(X)k f^n, f. ^. glad- 

Doaccs promeflcs obligcnt les fols. Gall: I fatti (bno maC- 
^ii» le parole &inine. //a/. Deeds are males, words are fe- 

Few w^r^j are bed. 

ppd&e parole & buon jr,(?gi^eiit;Q. Ital, A fbors voice is 
know^ by piultitade of words. Nftt\|re hath furnUhed ma^ 
with two ears and but one tongue, to iignify. He muit hear 
twice fo much as he (peaks. 

Fair v^qrds butter no parfnips. 

Re opifulandum nou 'verlis : .the (!^n^ ia O^er terfl|s« 

Good words fill not a fack. 

Good words coft nought. 

Good words cool more than cold water. 

Soft words hurt not the mouth. . 

Douccs or belles pjirples ne fcojrcheiit paa la langue.^ GaO. 
Soft words fcald not the tongue. 

JVords have long tails ; and have no tails. 
Sirft words break no bones. 
Soft words arjd hard arguments. 
Many words hurt more than fwords. 
An ill workman quarrels with his tools. 

Mefchant ouvrier ja ne trouvera bons outils. Galh 

He that kills himfelf with working muft be buried 

under the gallows. 
The better workman the worfe hufband. 

Though this be no Proverb, yet it is an obfervation gene- 
rally true (the more the pity) and therefore, as I have found 
it, I put it down. 

Account not that work flavery, That brings in 
penny favoury. 


\y2 Proverh thai lure 

A|l work^ and no play, makes Jack a dull boyj 
The world was never fo dull, but if one won'c 

another will. 
lt*s a great journey to the world^s end. 
I wot well how the world wags, he is moft lov'd 

that hath moft bags. 

T«J» Ivlvx^^i niBrciplit Uai crv\ytttZf» FeUcium multi cognati. 
It was wont to be faid, UR amiciibi opes^ but now it may 
(as Erafinus complains) well be inverted, Vbi opet ibs amid. 

Tread on a worm and it will turn. 

Habet Cf mufca plenem* *'£rar( xay fxvffAnKi aav ci^ofyjtyi* 
Ineft 13 formica H ftrpbo bilis. The meaneil or weakefi per- 
fon is not to be provoked or defpifed. No creature (o fmafl, 
weak, or contemptible, but, if it be injured andabufed, will 
endeavour to revenge itfelf. 

Every thing is the worfe for wearing. 
He that worji may ftill hold the candle. 

Au plus debile la chandelle a la main. Gall. 

The worth of a thing is beft known by the want. 

Bien perdu bien connu, or Chofe perdue eil lors continue: 
GalL Vache ne f9aitque vautiaquouejufques aceq«' elle I' 
ait perdue. The icow Icnows not what her tail is worth, 'till 
ihe hath lofl it. 

He that wrefiles with a turd is fure to be befhir, 
whether h6 fall over or under. 

That is, he that contends with vile perfons will cet nothing 
but a flain by it. One cannot tovch pitch without being deliled. 



S foon goes ^c young Inmb's fldn to the mar- 
ket, as the old ew's. 

Auffi toft meurt veau comme vache. GalL Cofi tofto muorc 
il capretto come capra. ItaL 

_ 7'cung 

intire, Saitejtces* J73 

Teung men think old men fools, and old men 
know foung men to be fo. 

Thi* if qttotei by CaaJem, ta a faying of on* Doftdr 
iSacal/. It ia now in many peopk'j mou^, and likely to 
pals into a Proverb. 

A young faint an old Devil. 

&e jeune Angelote vieax Diable. Gail. JTarttfiadTartarwH! 

Ayoung ferving-man an old bcggtr. 

■Chl'VTVe in corte moore i. pagliuo. baU 

A young whore an' old faint, v. in W. 
Toung men may die, but old men muft. v. in O. 
If youtb knew what age would cravc,it would both 
get and lave. 

. maMftgwttaiAfc 



' ( ^74 ) 

f • ■ • r • • 

- Jl r. 

I ■ ■ (" 

. r ' 

Proverbial Phrafi&xind Forms (f Spjoscb 
that are. not intire- Sentences. 

( .. 1 - r 

< « 
J > • 


O bring an Abley to a (S range, r ; 


To bring a noble to nine-pence. We fpeak it of an 
unthrift. Ha fatto' d' una lanza una fpina, & d' una calza una 
burfetta. Ital. He hath made of a lance a thorn, and of a 
pair of breeches, a purfe : parallel to ours. He hath thwitten 
a mill-poft to a pudding-prick. 

To commit as many abfurdities as a clown in eas- 
ing of an eo;ff. 
yjfraid of far eritHigb. Cbepj ' - . •. 

Of that whici fir ri<fv'€r JLaBefyj0 kajjj^^^ " 

4rr/?/i of him ffc^t-cjied kft j^«r. Chejh. 

Afraid of the hatchet left tie'hclve ftick in*s arfe. 

Afraid of his own (hadcMt? 
More afraid than hurt. 
They agree like cats and dogs. 
They agree like harp and harrdw. 

This hath the fame fcnfe with the precedent. Harp and 
harrow arc coupled^ chiefly becaufe they begin with the fame 

. . They 

Proverbial Pbrafes. tyg 

They aji^ree like bells, they want nothing but 

He is p*^ l^ikc an Alderman^ 
The cafe is alter* dy quoth Plowden. 

iLdtHund flotwden, ivas an eminent common Lawyer in Queen 
Hizahti*s time, born at Plowden in ^hropjhire^ of whom 
Camdtn gives this chirifter, ^/■/^^ integritate inter homines /ua: 
frofejjionis nullifecundus, Elizabeth -^»«. 1584. An6. Sir Ed- 
nuard Cooke calls hiih ehe Oracle of the common Law« This^ 
Proverb is ufually applied to fuch Lawyers or Others as being 
corrupted with larger ites Ihift fides, and pretend the cafe is 
altered ; fuch as have bo^em in lingua. Some make this the 
occafion of the Proverb : Pknuden being afked by a neighbour 
of his, what rem^y-t^ere was ift Law againft his neigh boUl- 
for fome hogs that had trefpaffed his ground, anfwered, he 
might have very good remedy i but the other replying, that 
they wete his hogs. Nay then neighbour (quoth he) the cafe 
is altered. Others more probably make this the original ©f 
it. Plo'wden being a Roman Catbolicky fome neighbours <^ 
his^ who bare him no good will, intending to entrap him 
aihd bring him under the lafh of the Law, had taken care to' 
drefs up an Altar in a certain place, and provided a Layman 
in a Prieft's habit, who ihould do Mais there at fuch a* time* 
And withall notice thereof was given privately to Mr. Plonju- 
den^ who thereupon went and was prelent at the Mafs. For 
this he was prefently accufed and indifted. He at firft 
ftands upon his defence and would not acknowledge the thin^ 
Witnefles are produced, and among the reft on6, who depofe^ 
that he him felf performed the Mafs, and faw Mr. PUwdett 
there. Saith Ploivden to him, aft thou a Prieft then ? the fti- 
low replied, no. Why then Gentlemen (quoth he) the cafe 
is altere4 : No Prieft no. Mafs. Which came to be a Proverb, 
and continues flill in Shropjhire with this addition. The cafi 
is altered (quoth Plowden) No Prieft no Mafs* 

To angle with a filver hopk. 

Pefchar col hamo d' argento The Italians by this pHrafe 
mean, to buy fifh in the market. It. is alfo a Latin Proverb^ 
Aureo hamo pifeari. Money is the beft bait to take all forts 
of perfons with* 

If you be angry you may turn the buckle of your 

girdle behind you. 
To cut large Ihives of another man's loaf. 


176 Proverbial Phrdfes. 

To cut large thongs of another man's Iquher. 

De alieno corio UheraJis, Del cuoio d' altri fi fioBio le cor« 
rcgge largee. liaL 11 coupe large courroye de cuir d' autruy. 
Gtf2(. It may paTs for a fentence thus. Men cut large fhives 
of others loaves. This fhould fecm to be alfo a Dutch Pro- 
verb : for Era/mm faith* Circumfertur apud nofiratium *vu!gus 
uon abjmili buic Fro-vtrbiuniy £x alieno tergore lata fecari 

To hold by the -^r^«- firings. 

/. #. In right of his wife. 

To anfwer one in his own language. 

Ut Jalutcarii it a rejaluiaberis, 

A bit and a knock [or bob] as men feed apes. 

Arfy verfy. *tT^w m^t^ov. 

She is one of mine Junts that made mine uncle 

go a begging. 
A pretty fcilow to make an axle4ree for an oven. 



HE knows not a B from a battledoor^ 
His back is broad enough to bear jefts. 
My Lord Baldwin's dead. 

It is ufed when one tells that for news which every bodjr 
knows. A Sujex Proverb, but who this Lord £aU<win was I 
could not learn there. . 

You'll not believe he is bald *till you fee his brains. 
jNlcvcr a barrel belter herring. 
Bale me an ace, quoth Bolton. 

^yho this Bolton was I know not, neither is it worth enquire- 
ing. One of this name might happen to fay. Bate me an ace^ 
and for the coincidence of the firft letters of thefe two words. 
Bate and Bolion,is grew to be a Proverb, We have many of the 
like original as, *u, g*i Sup Simony &c« Stay, quoth Stringert &c. 
There goes a ftory of Queen EUzahethi that being prefented 


Proverbial Phrajes. \jj 

with a Colkaion of Exglijh Proverbs, and told by lbs Author 
that it eoi^ined dl ihe Englijb Provertis, nay, replied Ihe. 
Bale me an an, quolb Ballon: which Proverb being iuftantiy 
looked for happened to be wanting in his Colleftion. 

You dare as well take a biar by the tooth. 

]f it w!.ear a beaf it would bite you. 

Are you there with your lean. 

To go like a bear to the (take. 

He hath as many tricks as a dancing bear. 

If that the courfe be fair, again and again quotti 

Bunny to liis hear. 
I hear him on my back. 

That is, I remember his injuries done to me with indjjf 
Bation and grieF, or apurpofe of te^ei^e. 

To bear away the bell. 

You'll fcratch a bagger before you die. 

That is, you'll be a begger, you'll fcratch ycurJelf. 

It would make a begger beat his bag. 
I'll not hang all my bells on one horfc. 

. Better believe it than go where it was done to prove 

Voglio piu tolto crederlu che andar a cercarlo, Ital. 

^ The belly thinks the throat cut. 

To havp the lent of one's bow. 

There's ne'er a beji among them, as the felibw faid 
by the Fox-cubs. 

Bet-ween hawk and buzzard. 

To look as big as if he had eaten bull-bccf. 
.He'll have the lad word though he talk bilk for it. 

Btlfc, /. /. nothing. A m 

an is faiil to be biiked at Cribbcti 

ben he gets nothing, whe 

nhecsn make aeiex a game. 

N m 

178 Proverbial Pbrafes. 

Bill after hclve^ 

Hc*ll make nineteen bits of a lilbery. i 

Spoken of a covetous perfon. 

To bite upon the bridle. 

That is, to fare hardly, to be cut fhort or fuffer «^ant, for 
a horfe can eat but flowly when the brMIe is m his mouth. Or 
el(e it may fignify to fret, fwell, and difquiet himfblf with 
anger. Fretna mordere in Latin hath a different fenfe, i. e, to 
renftthofeWho hare us in fubjedion, as an unruly horfe gets 
the bridle between his teeth, and runs away with his rider, 
or as a dog bites the ftaif you beat him with. Statius nfeth it 
in a contrary fenfe, «i>/«. to fubmit to the Conqueror, and take 
patiently the bridle in one's mouth.' Subiit leges ^ froena 

Though I be litten I am not all eaten. 

"What a BiJhop\ wife ? eat and drink in your gloves ? 

To wafti a Blackmore white. 

^thiopem lavare^ or dealbarey ciAixtip feu ^svyuHngip. Labour 
in vain. Parallel whereto are many other Latin Proverbs, as 

Laterem la^vare^ arenas arare, 


You cannot fay black is his eye [or nall.1 

That is, you can find no fault in him, charge him with na 

Blind-man's holiday,/, e. twilight,almoft quite dark. 

As the blind man fhot the crow. 

He hath good blood in him if he had, but groats to 



That is, good parentage, if he had but wealth. Groats 
are great oatn)eal of which good houfewives are wont to make 
black puddings. 

To come blitely off. 

He's true blue^ he'll never (lain. 

Co<ventry had formerly the reputation for dying blues, info- 
much that true Blue came to be a Proverb, to Signify one that 
was always the iame, and like himfelf. 


Proverbial Phrafes.. ^ lyq 

To make a hoU or a fhafc of a thing. . 
There's a lone for you to pick. 

Egli m' ha dato un ofTo da rofegar. Ital. 

To be bought and fold in a company. 

She hath Ir^^^ her elbow at the Church -door. 

Spoken of a honie-wifely maid that grows idle zfter mzmzgt^ 

You feck a ^r^i: where the hedge is whole. 

His brains are addle. 

His brains crow. 

His brains will work without barm. Torkjb. 

He knows which fide his bread is buttered on. 

'Twould make a horfe break his briale, or a dog hl$ 

One may as (bon ^e^ his neck as hh fai\ thf rr ^ 
Break my head, and bring mc a pJaid-rr* 

Taglia m' il naib & ^opjn me ^ nellt f/rtC'j ;«r^ /W^ 

Spare your breath [or wind! to cool TO^Jr jy/:'^;j^^ 
You fcek breeches of a bare-ar>y nr^M^ 

His ^^fri& makes \yjvumt. 

This is faid of a oiaa 2& fc^/^ V/*; /^jiV*/ •^<->>^<^.o» ^4^^ 
caufes a relaxation of "ox: jy/^.rAUr <4^*f iii.': i,^ /'Xw. >.«y o 

jedlion. Bottom, bccarirtt.t:*:iiv«/:i.''> '/ (/h.* ♦v.-u 4 

not unlike buttons or ^l>t^t ; i* '/ '''*^>, <''-'• , ^^-^ ; */ 
they are fo like, thjtthtr ist ^^.:'^'^ v/ »ju». '^.m^ «„ ,,» ^ u,!.. 
figure they get from d-c cdilt v^ 1:0* C>^/<r 

As they irezvt^tn Co kt t}.*:r/, U>< , 

Some have it, /» let fi^fm -^W^ in»< /^ l*.* »<- v^ 4, ^ 
jenfe fo. Tir/^ 0i< imsr$Jt$ sU^ ««»'> /x//^/./,*//^ zy 
Phorm. Vt feyaenttir fit*^it 't^i'. x^ f*i ^,'' ^/ '/ v , 

' / 

i8o Proveriial Pbrafes. 

To make a bridge of one*s hofe. 

I. e* To intercept one's trencher, cup, or the like ; or to 
offer or pretend to do kindneifes to one, and then p^% hini by 
and do it to another, to lay hold upon and ferve himfelf of 
that which was intended for another. 

To leave one in the briers or fuds. ^ 

He hath brought iip a bird to pick out his own cjres. 

K^Mf T^o^iToL omili&t. Tal nutre il corvo'che gli cavora |K)i 
gli occhi. He brings up a raven, &c« ItaL 

He'll, bring buckle and thong together. 
To build caftks in the air. 

Far caftelli in aria. ItaL v 

He thinks every bujh a boggard, L e. a bugbear, 

or phantafm. 
BuJh natural, niore hair than wit. 
No butter will (lick to his bread. 
Tp buy and fell and live by the lofs. . 
To have a breeze^ i. e. a gad-^y^ in his breech. 

Spoken of one that frifks about, and cannot rdl in a }>lace. 

• The butcher Iook*d for bis knife when he had it in 
his mouth. 
His bread is buttered on both fides*. 

/. /. He hath a plentiful eftate : he is fat and ftrll. 


I Think this is a butcher's horfc, he carries a calf 
fo well. 
His calves are gone down to grafs. 

This is a jeer for men with o?er-flendQr legs. ' 



Proverbial Thrafeu. x%t 

His candU burns within the locket. 

That is, he ts an old iDitn< Philofophers are wont to com- 
pare man's life not ineptly ta the burning of a lamp, the 
vit^ h^at always preying upon the radic:^ moifture, which 
when it is quite coafomed a roan dies. There is indeed a great 
likeners between lite and flame, air being as neceflary to ths' 
maintaining of the one as of the other. 

If his cap be made of wooll. 

I a former times when this Proverb came firfl in ufe ipen ge- 
nerally wore caps : Hatawere a thing hMdIy known in tnglaed, 
trnich kfi hats made of rabbets or beavers fur. Capping wa^ 
then a great trade and fever al ftatutes mads about it. So that, 
if hit cap •weremadi of •total!, was as much as to fay moftcet' 
.tainly. As fure as the clothes on his btfck. Dr. FulUr, 

They may caft their capi, at him. 

'■ Wh«a two or mor* ran together, atul on* geW ground, he 
that it caA and def^airs tp overtalw comownly cafts hia 
hat after ihe foremoft, and gives over the race. So that to 
tafi their capi at ant is to defpair of catching or overtaking him. 

He carries fire in one hand and water in the other. 

Altera thanu fert aquam, altera ignem. Tti fuh i^ fefM?. 
&e. P/uiarci. II porte le feu & 1' eau. Ga//. Jltera manu 
fert lapidtM, aiterS pajtem ofieatat. Plant. 

To fet a (poke in one's cart. 
To fet the cart before the horfe. 

Currut hovem trahit. Metter il carro inaRzi aibuot. Itedt 
' La charrue va devant les boeufs. Gait. 

The w/'s in the cream pot. 

This is nfed when People hear a great noife and hobbub 
amongft the good wives of the town, and know not what it 
means : but fuppofe that fbme fad accident is happened ; as 
that the cat is fallen into the cream-pot, or the like. 

Before the cat can lick her ear. 

You ftiall have that the cat left in the malt-heap. 

They are not cater-coufins. 

N 3 H« 

iSz Proverbial Pbrafes. 

He hath good cellarage. 

That ckar is char'd (as the good wife faid when 
fhe had hang'd her hufband.) 

A char in the Northern dialed is any particular bufincfs, 
affair, or charge, that I commit to or entruft another to do.: 
I take it to be the fame with charge x«t' euvwLomv, 

To go cheek by jowl with one. 
To chew the cud upon a thing. 

r. e. To confider of a thing, to revolve it in one's mind : 
to ruminate, which is the name of this a6lion, is u(ed in the 
fame fenfe both in Latin and Englijh. 

The child hath a red tongue likes its father. 
Children to bed, and the goofe to the fire. 

I cannot conceive what might be the occafion, nor what it 
the meaning of this faying. I take it to be fenfelefs and 


A chip of the old block. 

Patris eji Jilius, He is his father's own fon ; taken always in 
an ill fenfe. 


Like a chip in a pottage pot, doth neither good 

nor harm. 
It goes down like chopped hay. 
ril make him know ^Z?/^r«//srf days. 
To clip one's wings. 

Pennas incidere alicui. 

He hath a cloak for his knavery. 

He is in the ^&/)&-market, /. e. in bed. 

To carry coals to Newcajile. 

Soli lumen mutuari ; ceslo fiellas ; rana aquam, Crocum in Ci- 
cianiy uhi fc. maxime abandat : No^uaj Athenas. P6rter »de 
fuel lies au bois. GalL To carry leaves to the wood. Alcinoo 
foma dare* 


Proverbial Pbrafss. 


To fet cock on hoop. 

Thjj 13 fpoken of a Prodigal, one that takes ou 
and lays It upon the top of the barrel, drawing c 
velTcl without any intermilCon. 

t the fpigget, 
luc the whole 

His cockloft is unfurnifhed. 

(. e. He wants brains. Tall men are commonly like high 
houfes, in which the uppermoft room is worft furnifhed. 

To have a coil's tooth in his head. 

As ia ufually fpoken of an old man that's wanton and petulant. 

To cut one's comb. 

As is ufually done to cocks when gelded; to corf one's cou- 

They'll come again, as Goodyer's pigs did, i. e. never. 
Cesii and welcome, go by and no quarrel. 
Command your man and do it yourlelf. 
A(k my companion if I be a tiiief. 

In the North they fay, Aflt my mother if my father be a 
thief. Demanda al hollo s' egl' ha buon vino. /,«/. Alk 
yourhoft if he have good ivine. 

To complain of cafe. 
To outrun the Confiable. 
To fpend more than one's allowance or income. 

You might be a Confiable for your wit. 

Cook-ruffian^ able to fcald the Devil in his feathers. 

To cool one's courage. 

He's corn- fed. 

A friend in a corner. 

To take comJel_Qi one's pillow. 

La nuifl donne confeil. Gall. Na3u urgtnda conjllia, Inde 

fifx it^foin ditilui; tn ts ^^tui tin ftoAifTa rc't af5f0JWBi( 

«rapyifi)xi. Lanotte c madrc di penficri. Ital. The night is 
(he mother of thoughts. 

fij 4 CoUHfel'% 

184 Proverbial Phrafes. 

CcunfeVs as good for hirti as a Ihouldcr Of mutton 

for a fick horfc. 
What is got in th^ County is loft in the hundred. 

What is got in the whole fum is loft in particular rctkon-^ 
ings ; or in general, what is got one way is loll another. 

Court holy-\^ater. 

Eau benifte de la cour. GalL Fair words and nothing die* 

One of the Court but none of the Counfel. 
All thefirtf// is in the catching. 
Tofpeak as though he would rr^^into one's mouth. 
He hath never a crofs to blefs himfclf withaK 

/. e. No money,which hath ufually a crofs on the revtrie h^t* 

To have crotchets in one's crown. 

You look as if you was fr^tt;-trodden. 

You look as though you would make the crowz^ud* 

ding, /. e. die. 
I have a crow to pluck with you. 
You need not be lb crnjly^ you are not fo hard bak'd. 
Here's a great cry and but a little wooll, as the 

fellow faid when he fhear'd his hogs. 

Aflai romor & poca lana. ItaL Afinum tondes. Parturimnt 
mcntet, ^c. 

You cry before you're hurt. 

Let her rry, fhc'll pifs the lefs. 

To lay down the cudgels. 

His belly cr\t% -cupboard. 

To curfe with bell, book, and candle* 

To be befide the cujbion. 

• \ 

• Aberrari a janua. 

To ft and for a gpher^ 


Trtmerhial Pbrdfes* 185 

' ,:,. ■■■_ ■, D. - 

TO take a dagger and drown one's felf. 
To be at daggers drawing. 
To iook as if fae^ad lUck'd his dsm through a 

a hurdle. 
Tp'^nce to every man's pipe or whittle. . 
To burn dwj-Hgkt. 
' Defid in the neft. 
To deal fcols dole. 

To deal all to others and leave nothing to himrelf. 

' Good to fend on a dtfld body's errand. 
To work for a dead horfe, or, goofe. 

To work out an old dcbtfOr wttkotit hope of future rewwd. 
Atvent receo le bras ronipu. Gall. The wages had the arm , 
is broken. Chi paga inanzi k fervito indiccro. Iiel. He that 
pays before-hand is ferved behind-hand. Chi paga inanzl 
. tratto Trovail lavormal fatt6. Jtai. 

If thou hadft the rent of Bee-mUs thou would'ft 
Ipend it. Cbejb. 

Dit is the name of the rivM on which die cit]r CbtJItr flsndt: 
the mills theceoo yield a great annual rent, the biggeA of »sj 
houfes about that city. » 

As demwe as if butter would Aot melt in his mouth. 
Some add. And yet cheefe will not choke him. 

To get by a. thing as Btckfen did by his diftrcfs. 

That is, over the Ihoulders,- as the vulgar nfaally fay.Thero 
is a coincidence in the firft letters of DUi/on and diltrefs ; 

otherwife who thisZ)(r-t'oa waslknownot. - 

Hold the dijh while I flied my pottage. 
To Ijy a thin^ in one's dip. 

186 Proverbial Phrafes. 

He claps his difi> at a wrong man's door. 

To play the Devil in the bulmong, /. e. corn ming* 

led of peafe, tares and oats. 
If the Devil be a vicar thou wilt be his clerk. 
Do and undo, the day is long enough. 
To play ;he dog in the manger, not eat yourfclf 

nor let any body clfe. 

'AX^a TO nns xv»os voiuf rvf i» ny ^etrni xalaMMtfAiiniS n nn eunn 

Cants in frafepu £ come il cane del ortolano, che non man- 
gia de cauoli egli & non ne lafcia mangiar altri. Ital, Like 
the gardener's dog who caAnot eat the coleworts himTelfy nor 
will fuffiei: others. 

Dogs run away with whole Ihoulders. 

Not of mutton, bat their own ; fpoken in deriiion of x 
xoiier's houfe. 

■ * 

Wc dogs worried thie hare. 
To ferve one a dog-trick. 
It. would make a dog doff his doublet. Chejh. 
Adog\ life, hunger and eafc. 
To doat more on it than a fool on his bable. 
He'll not put off his doublet before he goes to bed^ 
. /. e. part with his eftate before he die. 
You need not doubt you are no Doftor. 
A dram of the bottle. 

This is the Seamens phrafe for a draught of brandy, wine, 
or fbx)ng waters. 

To dream of a dry fummcr. 

One had as good be nibbled to death by ducks^ or^ 

pecked to death by a hen. 
To take things \n dudgeon^ or to wear a dudgeon- 

dagger by his fide. 
To dine with Duke Humphrey. 

That is, to faft, to go without one's dinner. Thh Duh Hum- 
fjhy w^s uncle to king Henry the fixth, and his Proteftor during 


Ffwerbial Thrafei. 187 

.his minority 9 Duke of Gloucefter^ renowned for hofpitality and 
good houfe- keeping. Tbofe were faid to dine with Dukt 
Humphry^ who walked out dinner time in the body of St. 
Paul's Church ; becaufe it was believed the Duke was buried 
there. But (faith Dr. Fuller) that faying is as fat from truth 
as they from dinner, even twenty miles- off; feeing this the 
puke was buried in the CKurch of St. Albans^ €o which he 
was a great benei^dlor. 

She's paft dying of hpr firft child, /. e. (he hath 
had a baftard. 


HE dares not for his ears^ 
To fall together by the ears^ 
In at one ear and out at the other. 

Dentro da un orecchia tc fuora dal altra. * ltd. 

To eat one's words. 

You had as good eat your nails. 

He could eat my heart with garlick. 

Thatisy he hates me mortally. So we know fbme of the 
Americans feaH upon the dead Carcafes cf their enemies. 

There's as much hold of his word as of a wet eet 
by the tail. 

I have eggs on the fpit. 

I am very bufy. Eggs if they be well roafted rehire much 


Neither good egg nor bird. 

You come with your five eggs a penny, and four of 

them be rotten. 
Set a fool to roaft eggs^ and a wife man to eat them. 
An egg and to bed. 
Give him the other half egg and burft him. 


l88 Proverbial Thrffei. 

To fmcll of ^ftwei-grcafc. 

Lueemam olin* 

She hath broken her elbow. 

That is, ihe hath had a baftard, another meaning of thii 
phrafe fee in the letter B, at the vrord iroken. 

Elden bole needs filling* Darbyjb. 

Spoken of a Her. EhUn hole is a deep pit in the PeiJk of 
Darbyftnre near Cafilmn^ fathomlefs the bottom, as they cvoald 
perfwade us. It is without water, and if you call a ftone into 
It you may for a coniiderable time hear it fbrike againft the 
fides to and again as it deicends, each ftroke giving a gregii 

To make both ends meet. 

To bring buckle and thong together. 

To have the better end of the llaiF. 

He'll have enough one day when his mouth is full 

of moulds. 
A fleevclefs errand. 
Find ycu without an excufe and find a hare with-* 

out a muie. , 

Vias no'vit quibus effugit Eucrates. This Bucrates was a 
miller in Athens who, getting (hare in the Government^ wa$ 
ytrj cunning in finding out ihifts and pretences to excufe him* 
felf from doing his duty. 

I was by (quoth Pedley) when my eye was put on* 

This PeMey was a natural fool of whom go many flories. 

To cry with one ^c^ and laugh with the other. 



.Provirbial Pbrafes, 189 


O fet a ^ood face on a thing. 

Faire bonne mine. Qalh 

I think his face is made of a fiddle, every one that 

looks on him loves him« 
To come a day after the fair. 

It will be /tf/> weather when theihrews have dined. 
He pins his faitb on another man's fleeve. . 
To fall away from a horfe-load to a cart-load. 
JPij// back fall edge. 

Farewell and be hang*d, friends muft part. 
Farewell froft, Nothing got nor nothing loft. 
He thinks his far^ as fwect as mulk. 
He/^r/j frankincenfc. 

This is an ancient Grs^ Proverb, B^iitf XiSitulw, Self- 
love makes even a man's vices, infirmities, and imperfcAions^ 
to pleafe him. Sum cuique crepitus bene olet. 

He makes a v^vy fart a thunder-clap. 

All the fafs in the fire. 

To feather one's neft well. 

To go to heaven in a feather-bed. 

Non eft e terris mollis ad aftra *via* 

Better fed than taught^ 
AW fellows at foot-ball. 

If Gentlemen and Perfons ingenioixfly educated will min* 
gle themfelves with ruflicks in their rude fports, they muft 
look for uiage like to or rather coarfer than others. 

Go fiddle for fliives among old wives. 


ijQO Proverbial Phra/eu 

Figbt dog, fight bear. 

Ne dcpugnss in alteno negotio. 

To fight with one's own ftiadow. * 

HMotjjMXM. To fight with (hadows, to be afraid of his own 
fancies 9 imagining danger where there is none. 

To fill the mouth with empty fpoons. 

To have 2i finger in the pye. 

He had z finger in the pyewhen he burnt his nail ofK 

He hath mere wit in his little /;/^^r than thou in 

thy whole body. 
To*sjif;/^^r in the fire. 

Prudens in fiammam ne manum injicito. Hieron. Put not you 
finger needlefly into the fire. Meddle not with a quarrel vo- 
luntarily wherein you need not be concerned. Pr^v, xxvi. 17. 

To fonXonth fingers with. 

To have a thing at \i\^ fingers ends. 

Scire tanquam ungues digitofque* 

His fingers ^re lime-twigs, y^^^^» of a tbievifl) perfsn. 

AW fire and tough. 

To come to itic\\fire, 

Togothrough/r^and water to ferve or do one good. 

Probably from the two forts of Ordeal by lire and water. 

To add fewel to the jfr^. 

Oleum camino adder e* 

All is ^ that comes to net. 
You fijh fair and catch a frog. 
Neither^^, nor flefh, nor good red herring. 
I have other j*^ to fry. 
By fits and ftarts, as the hog pifleth. 
To give one zflap with the fox's tail, /. e. to co- 
zen or defraud one. 


Proverbial Pbrafes. 191 

He yioyjXAflay a flint, ox flay a groat, fpoken of a 

covetous perfon. 
To fend one away with a flea in his ear. 

Lo gli ho me^o un pulce nel orecchio. Ital. It is not eafy 
to conceive by them who have not experienced it, what a 
buzzing and noife a flea will make there. 

It's the faireft flower in his crown, or garden. 

To fly at all game. 

More fool than fidler. 

The vicar oi fools is his ghoftly father. 

To fet the beft foot forward. 

He hath a fair forehead to graft on. 

Better loft than found. 

Too free to be fat. 

He's free of Fumller^s-balL Spoken of a man 

that cannot get his wife with child. 
He may e'en go write to his friends. 

We fay it of a man when all his hopes are gone. 

To fry in his own greafe. 

Out of tht frying-pan into the fire. 

Cader dalla padella nelle bragie. ItaL Saulter de la poile 
& fe jetter dans les braife.s. Gall, Defumo infiammam (which 
Ammianus MarcelUnus cites as an ancient Proverb) hath the 
fame fenfe, E^itatd Chatybdi in Scyllam inciderc, Ni cinerem 
'vitans in prunas incidas. '£tx to <9t/p sx th xavm* Lucian, 

You are never well /«// nor fafting. 


'TpHE gallows groans for you. 
"*• To gape for a benefice. 
He may go hang himfelf in his own garters. 
All your geefe are fwans. 

Suum cuique pukbrum. 111 fuo foldo val tredeci danari. 
Ital. His (hilling's worth 13 pence. 


192 . Proverbial Pbrafes. 

YouVc a man among the geefe when the gander Is 

What he ge^s he gets out of the fire* 
To get over the fhoulders. 
All that yoir get you may put in your eye and 

lee never the worfe. 
He bellows his gifts as broom doth honey. 

Broom is fo far from fweet that it's very bitter« 

I thought I would give him one and lend him aiio?- 

ther, i. e. I would be quit with him. 
Give a loaf and beg a (hive. 
There's a glimmer in the touch-box. 
Out of G(?^'s blefling into the warm fun. 

Ab eqids ad afinos. 

Go in Go^^ name, fo ride no witches. 

Go forward and fall, go backward and marr aH„ 

A fronU pr/»cipitiumi a tergo tupi. 

ril^^ twenty miles pn your errand firft. 
To give one z^good as he brings, or his own. 

^i qua 'vuk dicit qua non 'vult audiet, Teren. Ut /alutaris 
ita re/ahtaberis* 

One Yate for another, ^/;^ite!iow, v, in O. 
I am a fool, 1 love any tiling that x^good. 
To come from little ^W to ftark naught. 

Ab equis ad afinos. Mandrahuli in morem, Mandrabulus, 
finding ^ gold mines in Sambs, at firft offered and gave to yuno 
a golden ram, afterwards a filver cne^ then a fm^ll one of 
brafs, and at laft nothing at all. 

Some ^W fome bad, as Iheep come to the fold. 

Sunt honuy funt quadam mtdlocrlay funt mala plum ^a le- 
pis, l^c. Mart. 


Proverbial Pbrafes. , ig^ 

V\\ do my g'ood-willy as he faid that tbre(h*d in 

his cloak. 

This was fome Scotchmarr^ for I have, been.told^ that .they, are 
wont to do {o : myfelf have feen them hold plough io theircloaksb 

He did xne as much good as if be had pifs'd in my 
poctagc. i 

To brag of many good-morrows. 
A goofe cannot graze after him. 
He hopes to eat of the^(?(?/^fhall grazfcon your gravfi 
Steal n\y goofe and ftick me down a feather. . 
He cannot lay ftiooh to 2i goofe. 
You're a pretty fellow to ride z,' goofe 'k gallop 

through a dirty lane. 
You find fault with afat goofe. 
You'll be good when the goofs pifleth. ^ . , 

All is not Gofpel comes out of his mouth'. \^ 
He muft have his grains oi allowance 
A knave or a rogue in grain. • • ^ 


, That is, of a fcarkt dye. The ^Z{inRr#/ berry, whercwit^ 
they ^yt fcarlet,is called in Qrtek^ wcv^ itluvoiMaimy 9wu(!^, tjha( 
is, ff^anum in Latin^ and lA Engtijb grain. 

• • ■ 

It goeth againft the grain. 

The grain, PeSen ligniy longways the wood, as the fibres 
ran. To go tranfverfly to thefe fibres is to go againfl the grain* 

Teach your 

^ t^o lup fowre milk. 

A^y'tlam 'volan^ Delfbinum natare doce. II ne faat apprendre 
aux poiifons a nager, GaU. You muft not teach fifh to fwioi. 
Teach me to do that I know how to do much better than yoar* 
felf. Teach your father to beget children. Sus Miner^am. 

He's gray before he's good. 
To grcafe a fat few on the Arfc. 

On ne doit pas i gi:as porceau le cut oindre. GnU. 

Q To 


J94 PfOWrUql B:bii:<ffit, . 

That is, to put money into his hands ; to fee or Bribe' mot. 

I'll cither £«W or find. 

All bring grtft to* your mill. 

To grew like a ibw's tail, i. ^, iiowawards; l.\. l 

He has no guls in his brains. ; *. ^^ 

• r. » 

.« • < 

The afifraaus of th# bmiil* l^k^4. ^P^ VkIipq ti^^ ^i^ 

He has more ^«/j than brainS. 
put of gunrjhgt. 

• ■ ■ • » ■ . • ■ 

..... '■ ; -/'^ 

.% , . \ ■ 

■< • • . : • . 

'*'. .. .♦'. 

, . .- t 

^O bc>&<j;/*^ell9yr well rn6t wfth one. 
^ It goes ag^j^ the hair. ' . 

The hair of xiioft ammals lies one way, and if ytw firoke 
A^ down the way the hair lies, your hand flidcs fmoothly 
imm ; imi iryou^tbofev the coiHrify way, the hali' #lft& up 
tiii ]«fifb the motioft^f your hftndv 

. - xi. *>..»# , .^k 1 '.■.'." . 

To take a hair of the farpe dog. 

«-• . , * 

/\ f . To be 4rinik again the next day. 

To Cut the ij/r. ' ' - ' 

J. t. To divide fo exa<fWy as that n^ielhfr jnut h^ra advsiott^g^ 

You i&^// b?for^ you're lame. 

To make a ^/a»rf of a thrn]g. ' ■ ; ' 

To live from hani to n^owhr . 

In diem *vi-vere9 or as Perfius, Ex tempore *v{<vere. 

Hand ,ovtY head, a§ men took the Covenant. 
Two i&tf»i^^ in a difli and one in a purfe. 


. Proverhiai Pbrafii, ,jg^ 

To h*ve his iafids full. ' , 

P ay aflez a faire environ les mains. GaJJ^ 

• * ■ » 

y\\ Jay my band on my half-penny cVe I^art with it* 

To b<inZ ottfe'^ ears. • 

■"■•• '- .■■-.■ 

Demtto aurictlds ut inifsue mntis afceHus. If drat* - • - 

They Atf^g" together Itktf burt, ^ like pebbles in 

a halter. - . ' J 

To catch a hare with a tabret. 

On ne pretiJ le licvfe au tabodnii. Gail* OnexrinAot 
catch a hare with a tabret. Bove ^enari leporem^ ' 

You muft kif$ the barest foot, ^r the cook; 

Spoken to one that comes fo late that be hath lo|E his dinner 
€fT fupper. Why the hare's fopt miift be kifsM t know not ; 
why the cook ihoul4 be kifs'd there is foale reafbn^ to get {oolo 
vidluals-of iier. 

Set the hare's head againfl: the goofe giblets* 

i. €. Ball^nc^ things, fet one agaipft another. 

It's either a hare or a brake-buQi. 

TT^Tov ^ itm. Aut na<vi9f out gaUrus* Something if yOtt 
knew what. 


To be out of barnCs way. 

Ego ero poft frincipia, Ttreot* 

To harp npon the fame ftring^ 

Eandim coHtikuam retimen \ & iadim chorda ahrran. Horat# 

He is drinking at the harrow when he fiio^ ^ 

following the plow. 
To make a fong barveft of a little com. 

O a To 

196 Prdijerkai Pbrafiu 

To hear as hogs do in harveji •, or^ with ^dor ^ar* 

^;(/? cars. 
He is none of the Haftings. 

'-. • ■ r. . . . . r 

Spoken oT a flow per (on. .There is zn -equivoque- in tie 
word Hit/lings which is the name of a £reat' family in Ltiafitr^ 
finn^ whickwcre E^rhof fft^twion^ They had a fairhoQ^ 
at 4^fy d& Id ZcucB, now much ruined. ' ' 

Too i&<?^ to be a pariA Clerk. --;••' v 

He knows not a bawk from a hand-faw. > 

To be as good eat i*^ with a, horfcv ' r - . 

To have his i'^^^under one's girdle* 

He cannot: bear on that ear. 

He mav be beard where he is not feen. 

His bearf feil down cb his' hofe or heels. Aninms 

in pedes decidii. 
He is beari of oak. 
Hell is broken loofe with them- 
Harrow for rake] hell, and fcum the devil. 
To belp at a dead lift. 
To throw thp behe ziitr the hatchet. 

. To be in dcipair. Ad perditam fecurim manubrium ai^iceru 

» • 

• . » ' ■ "\ 

To. fifli for a berring^ and catch a fpt^t. 
To bei6/^5 in the inftcpi 
To bH the nail on the head. 


Toucher au blanc. Gall, To hit the while» 

To bit the bird on the eye. 
Holfonh choice. 

A man is faid to have H»hforC% choice, when he muft either 
lalcfe what is left him, or chooie whether he will have any part 
or no. This Hohfcn was a noted Carrier in Cambridge^ in King 
Jameses time, who partly by carrying, partly by grazing, ratfed 
himfclf to a great eflate, and did much good in the Town ; 
relieving the Poor^ and building a publick Conduit in the 

To make a bog or a dog of a thing. 


To bring one's bogs to a fair market 

To l^ld with the hare and run with the hound. 

Not much unlike hereto is that l^tin one, Duahus feBis fe» 
dere^ i. C incertarum ejfe partium^ fcf ancipiii fide amhahus fir* 
fire 'uelUf <v* Erafnu Liberius Mimus chofen into the Senate 
by Ca/ar^ comirtg to fit down hy Cicero, He, refufing him, 
faid, I would take you in did we not /it (b cloie [ntfiangufii 
/ederemus] reile£Ung upon de/ary who chofe fo many into the 
Senate that there was fcarce room for them to fit. Liherus re* 
|/lied, but you were wont to Qt upon twoilools [^Afo/^^/V 
Jedere'^ meaning to be on both £des. 

He'll find fome bole to creep out at. 
He's all honey or all turd. 

li 1 a (brake bread. 

As bimefi^n^ as ever [^^^ ^^ ^^ ,^^^^^^ 

An honeji rtxzn and a good bowler. 
By i'^^^ or by crook. 

Siuojure, quaque injuria. Terent. Soit a droit ou a tort. GalU^ 

You'll ride on a horfe that was foal'd of an acron. 

That is; the gallows. 

They cannot fet \}cit\xborfes together. 

He hath good (kill in borfe-jlejh to buy a goofe. to ^ 

ride on. 
See how we apples fwim, quoth the horfe- turd. 
To throw the koufe out of the windows. 

^eisfo hungry he could eat a horfe behind the faddle. 


npO be Jack on both fides. 

'A^Xov^^tf-o^^^. A turn-coaty a weathercock. 

To play the Jack with one. 

O 3 To 

198 ProFoerhid Fbra/es. 

To break the ice. 

Rompw if giaccio. //^. ScifUUn glaciim. To bepii ttiy 
hazardous or dj£calt duDg. 

Skrk of the idles. 
• Sick of the idle crick, and the bclly-wark in the 

Belly-wsirk, i. e. bclly-afcc. It is ufcd whcp People com-: 

pUin of iickae A for a pretence to be idle upon no apparey^t cauftf 

You*ll foon learn to (ha^e idle a coat. 
Give him an inch and he*ll take an ell. 
He hath no ink in his pen, /. ^. no money m bif 
purfe, or no wit in his head. 


^T^O lay the key under the threfbold. 
-* To kill With kindnefs. 

So the Ape is faid to-HraBgle her young ones by embracing 
and hugging them. Amd ifo njiay many be faid to dxs, whoaie 
ftill urging their iick friends to eat this and that and the ot)ier 
thing, thereby clogging their ftomachs and adding ^swci to 
their difeafes : fondly imagining, that if they eat not a whil^ 
they'll prefently die. 

Kim kafH. V^ 

It comes by kind^ it cofts him nothing. 

A man of a ftrange kidney. 

Whofoever is King thou'lt be hrs man. 

Til make one, quoth Kirkham^ when he danc-d in 

his clogs. 
You would kifs my ^rfe before fny becephes are 

She had rather kifs than ipin. 
Kil after kind. 

A chipbf the old block. Qui naift de geline il aimc a gra- 
ter. GaU. He ]iiat.\vas born of a hen loves to be fcraping. 

Kii rarelefs, your arfe hangs by trumps. 
As very a ^;i^w as ev^rpife'd*. • 

' ' Knit 

Knit my dog a jJair of biicechc^ and my cat a (cod- 
piece. • 

He hath tied a knot with his tot)gtie that he catindt 
untie with ill bis teeth. Meaning n)atrio!i(>fiy; 

It's a good knife\ it will cut butter when 'tis melted* 

A good knife^ it was made fiw ftiilei beyond Cut^ 

You fay true, will yoii fwallow my knife ? 

It does me KnigbPs fervice. 

He got a knock in the ctadle. 

To know one from a black fheep. 

To know one as well as a begger knows his di(h; 

To knawotit nomorie than he docsihe Pfips oi Rpmt\ 

Better known than truftcd. 

L. ; 

^O have nothing but one*s laiifur for one's pains. 

Avoir I' aller pouf U veinr. Ga/l. to have one's goin^ 
for one's coming. 

VouMl go Up the ladder to beef, (: t. be hang'd. 
At latter Lammas. 

Ad Gracas eahndaSt i. e. never. ^J^vmt ifM^m rUit/n^ 
Cum muli pariunt. Herodoc. 

Help the lame dog over the ftile. 

He was lapfd in his mother's fmocfc. 

The lapwing cries- moft fartheft from her ncft. 

To laugh in c^ri*s fede and cut his throat. 

At bottled Ale fs faM to do. Da iiitirbitn^a m' onge, da 
r aTtra me ponge. //«/; ' ' ' 

He can laugh and cry both in a wind. 

To laugh in one's flecve. , .. ' 

More like the devil than St. I^AO^'em. 

JdcMl go to Law for the wag^Ht^tff ' af ftra\^/ • 

O 4 To 


^noo PriverMai Pbrajes. 

To have the Law in one*s own hand. 
She dotli not leap an inch from a flirew. r 

1 o leap over the hedge before you corneal the ftifc. 
She hath broken her leg above the knee, /. e. had 

a baftard. 
He*s on his laft legs* 
To have the length of one's foot. 
To luk one's felf whole again. 
To lid honey through a cleft ftick. 
To lie as fad as a dog can lick a difh. 
That's a lie with a latchet. All the dogs in the 

towns cannot match it. 
To tell a man a lie^ and give him a reafon for it. 
To (land in one's own ligbL 
Like me, God blefs the example. 
If the Lion's flcin cannot the Fox's Ihall. 

St ktninapelus turn fatis ift^ ajjkmda 'vulpina. Coudre lepeaa 
de regnard a celle du lion. GalL To attempt or compafs that 
by craft which we cannot obtain or effed by force. Dolus oh 
'virtus quis in hofit requirit. 

If he were as long as he is liiber^ he might thatch 

a houfe without a ladder. Cbejh. 
To fend by Tom Long the carrier. 
He looh as if he had neither won nor loft. 

Hcftands, as if he were moped, in a brown ftudy, unconcerned. 

To lofe one's longing. 

HeMl not lofe \ ^''^ ^^opP'^S? ?f •"» "0^- 
^ L the paring of his nails. 

Egli fcortarebbe un pedocchio per haveme li pelle. Ital. 
He would flay a loufe to get the ikin. Aquam plorat cum Uevat 
fundere* Piaut. 

Ware (kins, quoth Gruhher^ when he flung the 

loufe into the iirc^ 
There's love in a budget* 


- -« ^ 

Provfriiaf Fbrqfeu 

To love at the d.oor and leav^ at the hatch. 
Sec for your love^ and buy for your mbn^. -^ 
I c»uld nT)t get any tJeitber for /wi? npr pipnpjr^ 
To leave one in the lurch. 

MADGl^ good cowgivejs a gpod pail of iijil|ci^ 
and then kicks it dojvn With her foot. 
1 o correft, ^r, mend the Magnificat. 

i. e. To corrcft that which is without any fajilt pt . error* 

'Magnificat is the Virgin Maiy*s hymn, Z«i^ I. So called from 

the firft word of it, which is Magmfieai. As the othtsr )iym4s 

am tailed BtnetUSus^ Nunc dimittis, TeDeum^ lie. for the faj^ie 

rcafon. Njoidum infcirpo quaren. 

She's a good maid but for thought, word, and 

There arc never the fewer maids for her. 

Spoken of a woman that hath maiden children'. 

• ' i 

For my peck of malt fet the kiln on fire, 

This is ufed in Chijhire^ and. the neiriihoorii^fi; ^pountrles. • 
They mean by it, I am little concerned in the mng menti** 
cned: I care not much come on it what will. 

One Lordfhip is worth all his manners. 

There is an aqui*voque in the word manners, which if written 
with an ^iignifies mores ^ if with an o manneriai ho^Vbeitin 
the pronunciation they are not diftingniihed ; and perhaps iq. 
writing too they ought not. 

You know good manners^ but you ufc but a few. 
To mifs his mark. 

Aherrare a/copo^ nen attitigerefcopumt fxs extra fcopum jaadari*^ 

She hath a mark after her mother^ 

* That is, ihe is her mother*! own daughter. Fatris eft plus. 


' . . ' - . .. 

The gray «/^r^ h the better horfe. . 

u #v.The woman i» mafter,or w6 fa/ weari the iM^eeclits. 

ril not go before my mare to the market. 

1*11 do noUiing prepofterouily : I'll drive my mare before me, 

AU'h/ Well, and the man hath his mare agaitt^ . 
Much «te^//^ of a wooden platter. 

Aitya wi^i ^?c. Mira de leuti, A great ftir about a 
tiliifil; of notlUAg. 


One may know yoor meaning by your gaping. 
You mafitre every one's corn by your own bmhdK 

, Ta mifuri gli jiltri col tuo pafietto* //a/. 

* , • 

To metifure his cloth by another's yard. 

To bring meat in icd mouth. 

Meddle with your old ihoes. 

I'll neither meddle nor make, faid Bill Heaps^ when 

he fpiird the bimer-niilk. 
To mend as fowre ale does in fummer. 
I cry yon mercy ^ I took you for a joined ftool. 
To IpeAd his AUcbaelmas rent in Midfummer mo6n« 
You'd marry a midden for muck. 
Either by might xxr by flcight. 
I cap fee as far into a mill-fione as another man. 
A Scdtcb-mift^ that will wet an Englijbman to the 

. fti»- 
Mack not (quoth Montford) when his wife call'd 

him cuckold. 

To* have a month'^t mind to a thing. 

In ancient wills we find often mention "of a month's mind, 
and aJth of a yeatV annid^ and a week's m^nd t they were 
leiTer funeral folemnities appointed by the deceafed at thofe 
tin^Si for the remembiahoe.of hiipi. 

' , Tell 

Fr&virbuiJ Pbrdfis. aoj 

T^U mc.thc »w«J5*s.inadc^f green cbecfe^. ' 

* ' * 

^i Ji ccelum mat ? 

You may as foon fliape a coat for the moon. • 
To mai^c a mountain of a mole-hill. 

» • • • 

Arcem ex cloaca facer Cy e;f elephanto tnufcam* 

. » - . 

To fpeak like a mdujfji'ih a chcfcfe. 
Your ;we?«/i hath bcguiicd jotur haadf. . ,' ' 

You'ft have his muck f6r his meat, j^rkjb^ ■.. .. ,' 
He hath ^ good muek-bill at his ^oor^ /V.^<;ht i»ridi; 


HE had as good eat nift i^ii^. 
Yoxx had not ypur mmi^ for ildfhing. 

I took him nMpping^ u hbjs XJo^.hy^ mtft^ 

Who tkis M^ wai ii not twty Aialftmlritf kh<hr t I fitp^e 
fome fuch man might find his mare detd^ unitaluMgiit lb 
be only afleep might (ay. Have I taken you napfing T 

ril firft fee thy neck as long as my arm. 

To feck z needle in a bottle of hay. . 

I may (ttt him need, but HI not fee him bleed* . 

Parents will nitially fay thfs 6f prodigal or andtrdfttt chil- 
dren ; meaning, I will be content to fee iheitt Mitt t MxSt 
hardihip, but not any great mifery or calamity. 

As much need of it as he fias of the pi]p, arofz 

Tell me news. 
More nice than wife. 
Nicbils in nine pokes, or nooky. Cb^jB. i. e. rtothirtg 

at all. 

«o4 Prwerbial Pbrajk. 

To bring a noble to nine^nce, and ntne*jpence to 

U fait de Ton teflon fix fols. Gall. To bring an Abbey to a 

.... ... 

Ht hath a good »(^y^ to make a poor n^an's fi>w, 

n feroit bcm troy Ik paovre lipmnie. G^ZT. 

To bold ^n^'s fiofe to the grindftonc, • ^ \ 

To follow one's nofe. 
To lead one by tlie )y^. 

Mcnir ibo per fl nafo. //«/. T?/ j»»^ tXiutr^. This tr 
an ancient Qmk Provefb. . Erafimu faith the meuphor U 
taken from Baffles, who are ted and guided by a ring pat in 
one of their noftrils, as I have dFbt (qpn in //«^.- to #« |iii; 
£^iW lire wont to lead . Beats. . 

To put one^s nofe out «f joint* 

You make bis nofe warp. 

It will be a iM^j>9 to him as long a$ he lives.- 

^' It win ftink in Us «olrib, fpoktn of any bad matter a sum 

4iath beencngag^edittt 

' » ' ■ . ■. 

■ ■ . > o. ■ 

. ^O cut down an Oak and fet up a Straw-berry. 

C^var on chiodo & piantar una cavicchia. Itid. To 
.dig up a nail and plant a pin. 

To have an ear in every man's boat. 

Be good m your office^ youMi keep the longer on. 

To give one a calt of his office. 

He hath a good office^ he muft needs thrive. 

To bring an old houfe on onc*s head. 

To rip up eld fores. 

To caft up old fcorcs. 

Once at a Coronation. 


Prav&iial Pbrafeu 2^ 

Never but once at a Wedding. ' ' - ! * 

Once and ufe it not. 

One yate for another. Good fellow. 

They father the original of this upon a pafflge between one 
of the. Earls. of Rutumd and a Countiy-feljpw. TkBail 
riding by hixnfelf one day overtook a Coiintry fluuit wlko ?m 
civilly opened him the i.A gate they came tq^ not ksoirii^ 
who the Earl was. When Uiey came to the next gutted 
Earl expeding he fhould have done the fame again. Nay ftfc 
faith the Couniry-man, Om ;^aie fir amabtiF^ OmtMrni. ^i 

A man need not look in your mouth t& Xnpyf^ hem 
eld you are. 

Fades tua computat atmos* 

To make^r/i of good hay. 
Over fhoes over boots. 


This hath almofl the iamc fenfe with that» AdfertRtamfiin* 
rim manubrium adjicer^* 

A (hive of my own loaf. 

A pig of my own fow. 

To out-flioot a man in his own bow. 

The black ox never trod on his. foot. 

/. /. He never knew what forrow or advedity meaned. 

•m ^ AKE a fage of your own age- 

/. e. Do it yourfclf. 

To ftand upon one's fantofles. 

To pafs the pikes. 

He is pattring the Devil's Pater-nojler. 

When one is grumbling to himfelf, and it may be curfing 
thofe that have anger*d or di(pleafed him. 

To pay ont in his own coin. 

^•^ He 

• •-'•.. ■ - .» , 

J . . •• 

.' • r ■ , r ' 

* • • 

aQ6 Pnverbtat Fhrsffts. 

He is going into ^us piafo^'fitMy i. i. £illtng tflfilp. 

To be in ^peck of troubles. . • » 

To take one a j|i^ loWar.. ~ 

P^/pr- wife and pound fpoji^j. . 

■ji .', . . «.^ - ' •• . ■ ■ ' ' . . ■ . . ii . i 

' JfidMr fihitifiif nunfun^ efM (m'edentes. If e fares' ||^ |H« 
^Mttoe, and Mirit oQt at the bun^-hole. 

To take pepper in tne nofe: 

^T0. t»kQ#i^B/Sri(:bdt>ct Tick. 

To pick a hole in a man's coat. 
He knows not a ^/g- from a dog. 
P/f J play on the Organs. * 

A man fo called at Hog*sN6rhn in Likifierp?ire\ pt £6<tV 
Norton* * 

•jRrjf^ flf fh theatr with' thcFr tails forward, •• 
, To (hoot at z pigeon and kill a crow. * 

Not too high for the pyCyMTXt^o lowfdfxthfUfCftf- 
If there be no remedy then welcofDC PiUmU^ 
To be in a mwpy ^. ' 

Probably this might come from drinking at pms.'^ The 
Dutctu Vi^Bffgf^'^t iwiwoMioi i}^m% wer« wont to drink 
oat of a cup marked with certain pins, and he accounted the 
man that could nick the pin ; ^ whereas to go above or beneath 
it was a forfeiture. Dr. FulkfEcclef. Hift. lib. 3. /. 17. 

As furely af; if he had pifs'^d on a nettle. ^ I 

To pifs in the fame quill.. ^ ' " 

To ftay a piffing-^\i\\^. 
HeMl play a fmall game fatber than fbnd ^o^; 

Ijtt tb^ plough ftand tp catch a moufe. 
To be toft from pQfi to pillOry. 
To go to pot, 


« • -^^fc 

Proverbial PhVjtffh ^07 

}• know him. not IhoiAld J jpeftih^m in mji§ftm» 

To prate like a parrot. 
To fay his prayers backward. 
To be in the fame Predicamemt. 
To have his head full of frQclamations, ' ' ' 

Provender pricks him. 
To come in ))i^^^r^ tieie. 
Her pulfe beats matrimony. • , « ' 

To no more purpofethm to beat your hcfcls l^hlft 
. the grou»4» i?r wind. .::..' 

^o as much purpiife AS thegeefeflur upon the ioe; 
Cbejlh. '"■ :^ V: 

To as mifch purjpo/e z% to give ii gEnifc h^y, pi^ 

J I 

fTT^P be in ^ quandary. 
Jt To pi^k»?«<?rr^^. 
He*ll be .^ijfarJirmfffier where e'er be Qomes« 
To. touch the quicky or to the quick. 

' r« 

^ » V , * .- 

■ ' I 


I^O lie at rack and manger. 
; If if; (ti^OMld ra/n pottage he woi|ld wjuu h|| 
difh. ' .. I 

He is better with a r^^^ than a $>rk, 6? w^ ^«|p/2. 

Moil men are better with a rake than a fork, more apt tD 
pull in and fcrapa up. iban to giye oat and commnnicate^ ' - 

No r^MW^. but patience* 
Set your heart at refi. 

You ride as if you went to fetch the midwife* 
You ihall ride an inch behind the t^il. 
He'll neither do right nor fufFer wrong. 
Give me roajt-meaty and beat me with the fpit, or 
run it in my belly. 


20S Priverbial Pbrafes. 

. . • - 

¥ott Arc in joMtreaJl-intat when others art in thtff 
fod. ...'.. 

Triufquam maSarii excorioSn 

To roh the fpittle 

To roh Peter to pay Paul. 

II o&c I S. Pierre poar donn^f a 9. PoL CaH; 

He makes RohmHmdrs penny.^worths. \ . v 

This may be ufed in a double fenfe ; either he fells tfai^M 
for .'hnjf ; wot ivartli : ' Raih Hodd afforded rich penny- Wort&s 
of his planderM goods ; or he buys things ac what price he 
pleafes : The owners were glad tu get any thing of Ro^ 
iSfW, who otherwife would have taken thek- goods for nbthihg.' 

To h(ivc rods in pifs for one. 

You gather a rod for your own breech. 

Tel porte le ballon dont'a fon regi^t k bat on. GmlL *Qt^ 

Mv xmiia Tivx*^ ^<:>9p a)^ KOfta' Tti^tn. Mefiod. 'Eti aou/sif xvn 
ff€hiwwt ,iidiLSi* In tutk/i-Jf fins' 'caput lunam dedudu 

■. • ■ .* . ■ 

Right Roger^ your fow is good mutton. 
To twift a rope of fand. 

A rope and butter, if one flip the other may hoi j.- 

I thought 1 had given her rope enough, faid Pedley^ 

• when he hang'd his marc, 

JJc rofe on his right fide. 

To give one a Rowland for an Other. . - 

That is, ^id fro quo^ to be eyen with one, Je loi batlle- 
fay Guy contre Robert. Gall, 

To run through thick and thin. 

His fhocs arc made of running leather* 

• To 


Proverbial PBrafes. 2P9 

To run the wild goofe chafe. 

To row one way and look another. 

As fkuUers do, Afi|ȣ^v tU^'^ohjiAXf atPiff^up sis ^anioptl^n 
Ariftopb, apud^uidam. Altera manu fert lafidemy p^rum efien^ 
tat altera, Plaut. 

M ORE facks to the mill- 
To come failing in a fow's ear. 
To Icape a /cowering. 

You make mcfcraUb where it doth nor itch. 
The yZ*^ coipplains it wants water. 
That would I fainfee^ faid blind George oi Hollo^ivee. 
Tofet up one's ftaff.- 

/. e. To refolve to abide in a place. - • . 

To fet up his fail to every wind. 

Faire voile a toat vent. Gall, Evannare ad omnem auranu 

\ ) 

Share and (hare like, fome all, fome never a whiu 

Leonina Societas, 

To caft a Jheep*s eye at one. 

To caft an old Jboe after one. ; , 

Not worth Jhoe-buekles. 

To make a fdiw Jhow in a Country Church. 

Good to fetch ^Jick man forro\y and a dead mta 

woe. Chejh. 
To pour water into ^fieve. 

Crlhro aquam haurire* " * j 

To ftng the fame fong. 


Cantiknam eandem canere. Tcrent. Phorm. Crambe bis co^.i» 
Nothing more troubkfomrand ungrateful th,an the fame thing 
over ana over. :. 

Thou ^ngeji like a bird caiPd a fwinfr. 
Sink or fwim. 

To call one Sir and fomcthing elfe, i. e. Sirrah. 
To fet all at^ arid fevcn* 
\ To fit upon one*s Jkirts. # 

Tojlandcr one with a matter of truth. 
Tojleep a dog's fleep. 

Slofw and fure. 7 his might have Been fnf among the 
^ Sentences. 
I fmell a rat* 
To drive fnails : A fnaiFs gaUop, 

7efiudineus gradus, Plaut. Fkifiu cocbkum UmMtati. iifUttk 

Tdl' mch/»^^?/ 

To take a thing in fnuff. 

To have ayfe// place in his head. 

Fair and foftly^^ as Lawyers go to Heaven. 

As foftly as^ foot €att feH. 

^ujpitifispitsfon&t. '^intil. ^Jptn/o gradu ir^. Teitm. 

To take a wrong yjw by the ear. 
A fow to a fiddle. 

Tofow his wild oats. 

As they fow fo let tliem re^. 

To be tied to the pwre *^J>|)le-trec. 

f. ^. To be married to aiv ill lia&flXld. 

To call a fpade a fpade. 

You Titvtv fpeak but your mouth opens. 

$pi€k and fpan new. 


VromJ^ica an ear of corn, and the fpawn of fiflies* Dude 
lib. Hvwd; bat rather a^ I am inforxncd by a bcttar author ; 


Proverbial Pbrafeu 211 

Spike is a fort of nail; and (pawn is a chip of a boat ; ib. 
that it is all one as to fay, Eveiy chip and nail is new. 

Spare at ^^ /picket and let k out at the bung-hqle. 


£ tien fa dalla ^ina & ipande dal coccone. hai. 

He \izx\i fpit His yenom. 

Spit in your hand and take better hold. 

You viouXdfpy faults if your eyci were out. 

To make one zftalking-hovk. 

What Jiarve in a cook's-ihop ? 

Endarer \a ibif anpres d' one ^nuinc. Gal/. Moarir de 
faim aapres de meftier. GaU. This may be made a fentence 
by plating it impciatiTely. Uevcr ftar^e^ l^c. 

To go through ^//ri& with a bufinels. 
To ftick by the ribs. 

He hath (wallowed a ftake he cannot ^^^. 
The more you Jiir the worfe you ftink. 

Mm MMljf kaxj^v \v xitfMtQt. Pins fcHtnt ftercora mota. Qnan** 
to piu (i ruga tanto pin puzza il ftronzo. Ital. The more yoii 
^ir a turd, &c. ' ' ' , 

To ftrain at a gnat, and fwallow a camel. 
To ftumble at a llraw, and leap over a block. 

Thefe two Proverbs have the fame fenfe : the former is 
j^Ml by our Saviour. Mattb. xxiii; 24. 

When two Sundays meet, /. e. never. Ai Gracas 

To fwaUow an ox, and be chok*d with the tail. 

It hath the iame fenfe with the two laft fave one. 

f through an inch board, 
dagger out of fhcath. 
the devil out of hell. 

P 2 T% 

212 Proverbial Fbra/es. 


\0 thrufl: his feet under another ma-n's table^* 


Aliena invert quadra* 

To take from one's right fide, to give toorte'sleft. 

To take one up before he is down. 

Tell you a tciU^ and find you cars, 

A tale of a tub. 

To tell tales out of fchool. 

To talk like an Apothecary. 

7V//fri^»-fteeplc*s the caul* of GQodwin*s (ands. 

This Prov?rb is ufecl when r»n abAird and ridiculous reafbn 
is given of any thing in queftion ; an account of the original 
whereof I find in one of fiifliop Latimer's fermons in the/e 
words : Mr. Moore was once fent with commiffion into Kent^ 
to try out, if it might be, what, was the caufe of Goodnvin'% 
fands, and the fhelf which flopped up Sandn.vich haven. Thi- 
ther cometh Mr. Mo:rc, and cnlleth all the Country before 
him, fuch as were thought to be men of experience, andmext 
tliat could of likelihood bed fatis fy him of the matter con- 
cerning the flopping of SaTid-ivich haven. Among the reft came 
in -before Iiim an old man with a white head, and one that 
was thought to be little Icfs than an hundred years old. When 
Mr. Moore faw this aged man, he thought it expedient to hear 
him fay his mind in this matter (for being fo old a man, it 
was likely that he knew moft in that prcfence, or company.) 
So Mf. Moore called this old aged man unto him, and faid. 
Father (faid he) tell me if you can, what is the caufe of the 
great arilingcf the fands and fhelves here about this haven, 
which fio? it up, fo that no fhips can arriv^ here. You are the 
oldefl man I can efpy in all the company, fo that if any roan 
can tellr.ny caufe of it, you of all likelihood can fay mod to 
it, or at leai!\\'ife more than any man here afTenbled. Yea 
forfooth, good Mr. Mcore^ quoth this old man, for 1 am well 
nigh an hundred years old, and no man here in this company 
any thing near my age. Well then (quoth Mr. Moore) how 
fay you to this matter ? What think you to be the caufe of 
thefe fhelves and fands, which fcop up Savd'ujich haven? Foi- 
footh Sir (quoth he) I am an old man, I think that Tenterton- 
fteeple is the caufe of Good-win's fands. For 1 am an old man 
Sir (quoth he) 1 may remember the buildings of 7V»/^r/o«- 
ileeple, and I may remember when there was no fteeple at all 

tliere. • 

Proverbial Pbr^fes. • 2^13 ^ 

there. And before that Titaerton-^dtph wfti in baildingi tbeie ' 
was no manner of talking of any flats, or fands tha^ ftopped • 
up the haven ; and therefore, I think that Tefiterton-keeple is . 
the caufe of the decay and deftroying of Samhrncb haven.— 
Thus far the Bifhop. 

rjl thank you for the next, for this I am furc of. 
There's B, thing in*r (quoth the fellow) when he^ 

drank the cli(h*-<rlout. 
rU not pull thts tAcrM out of your foot and put it 

into my own. . 
To (land upon ihorns. 
thrift and he are at a fray. 
When thrift\ in the field, he's in townl 
He ftruck at 37^, but down fell Yom^ 
His tongue'% no flander. 
Your tongue runs before your wi:. 

This is zsi angLent form of Speech : I find it in Ificrmtt\ 
Oration to Demsnicuii TU^^v yit^ i. yhtirU v^oifuui .rn/ jbafoiax*- 

His t4?ngue runs on wheels [or at random. 1 

To have a thing at one's /^»^'s end, or at the tip 

of one's tongue. 
T'^^/i? and nail. 

Manihus pedlhu/que* Remis i;tlifqui^ 

To have an aking tooth at; one* 

From top tp toe, 

"Toffy turvy. 

I would not touch him wiph a pair of tongs.. 

^o\t again, no body comes. 


Nemo nof infequituraut imfellit,' Erztmus ePlatone;. who ' 
tells us that this Proverb continues "to tliis day in common ufe 
(among the Dutch I fuppofe) to ^gnify, that it is free for us 
to Hay upon any buiinefs [immorari in re aliquaJ] 

To drive a fubile trade. 
To put one to his trumps. 

ril truji him no farther than I can fling him ; or^ 
than I can Sbrow a mill-ftone. 

P 3 You 

214; N J^rw^^ffi^l Pbrafes. 

You may truft him irifh untold gbld. 

To turn \<rith the wind, dt tide. 

To /^r» over a new leaf. 

To /«r« cat in pan. 

In dje twinkling,of an eye. 

To ftop two gaps with one bu(h. 

To flop two mouths with one morfeL 

-^ . .' 

Duas Unit pariaes t&dmfideM. IJiacdfiM duos pdh^ri p- 
neros : This is a modern Proverb, but deferv^i ((kith Ermfims) 
to be numbered amongft the ancient ones. I find it attlcmg 
the French^ D' une iille deux gendres. To get himfelf two 
fons in law with one daughter. 

To kill two flies witli bnc flap. 

To kill two birds with one fliaft [^^ftoiie*] 

D' une pierre ^ire Seuix coups. GalL Di un' doho far dooi 
amid. Ital. To make tW«> friends with <n^ gift. Pt^lsi^ 
due colombe coo una £iva. ItoL To take two pigeoss <widi 
one bean.. 


To carry twp faces under one hood. 

H a une face a deux vifages. GalL Due vifi ibtto anai 
berecta. Ital, 

To have two firings taohe bow. 

II fait bien avoir deux chordes eu Ton arc. VdlL This may 
be made a fentence by adding to it. It is g6G^, Or Aich fike 
words. Duahus ancoris fultus* 

^wo hands in a dil)), and ope in a puHe. 

To have tbwitten a mill poft to a pudding-prick. 

She's cured of z,ty7kpdny\^\^ two h^s. . 



O nourifh a vipr in one's bofom. 

Tu ti ^levi la bifcia in fcno. Ital, ^^m t§ Xmt&T§, if^^ 
9LVKCC, Theocr. inTwiocp. ColuBntm in )thu f overt* Eftajmd 
^fopum Apologus de ruAic'o quodam in jmUc rem. 


Pr^erifal Pbrajes^ . ki j 

Nothing but up apd rjck ? 
To be up the Queen aj4?le-tree. 
Na fooncr i(^i but 0v head in the Awnifcrey^ ?ttid 
nofe in the cup, 

AJVArrant ftafd with butter^ 
To look to one's water. _ 
To caft wtf/^r into the Thames. 

Lumen foli mutuarii &c. 

You can't fee green cheefc,but your t^th m\}&.wattr:. 
ril not wear the wopdpn dagger, i. ^ lo|e piy win% 

Wear a horn and blow it not. 
To come home by weeping crofs, 

This 'weeping'crofsf which gave occafion to thb phra&y U - 
about two miles diibmt from the towi^ of Stajfyrd. 

You may tnake as ^ood mufick on a wbeel-harrow\ 
Without welt or guard. 
All Ihall be well and jack feaH have JiU. 
With a wet finjger. 

Lrvi bracbio ^ moUi bracbio. 

But when^ quoth Kettle to his marc? Ci?^, 

JVhift whift^ I fmcll a bird's nefl;. 

You'll make an end of your wbifik though the 

p^t ovjcrf lypw., 
Whifi and catch a moufe. 
To let leap a whiting. 

• _ n 

i. e. To let flip an opportnnity. 

She's neither wife^ widpw, nor maid. 
Your wind-mill dwindles into a hut-crack. 
All this wind fhakes no corn. 

P 4 Either 

r t. 

ii^ Proverbial Pbrafes. 

Either win the horfc or lofe t;he faddle. 

jiut ter /ex out tres tej/ene. *H t^k *i ft Tpi% leiSot. "Hie 
ancients ufed to play with three dice, fo that thrice fix nmft 
needs be the bell, and three aces the worft chance. l*hcy call- 
ed three aces fimply three dice, becaufethey made no more than 
the number of the dice. The ace iide was left empty with- 
out any fpot at all, becaufe to count them was no more than to 
count the dice. Hereupon this chance was called^ JtBu$ 
inaniSf the empty chance. 

TVind and weather do thy worft. 

To go down the wind. 

Win it and wear it. 

To have one in. the wind. 

To have wind-mills in his head. 

Keep your wind^ Isfc. v. breath. 

You may wink and chufe. 

'Evfi^Atf r«Tro». Tbrax ad Thracem compofitus. 

He fhews all his wit at once. * 

God fend you more wii^ and me more money. 

You were born when wit was fcant. ^ 

Your wits are on wool! gathering. 

You have wit enough to drown fhips in. 

You give the wolf the weather to keep. 

Ha dato la pecora in guardia al lupo. Ital, O'vem lupo com- 

mijifti. ' " . 

To have a wolf by the ears. \ 

This is alfo a Latin Proverb, Lupum auribus tenere. When 
a man hath a doubtful bufinef^ in hand, which it is equally 
hazardous to purfue or give over ; as it is to hold or let go a 
wolf which one hath by the ears. 

To be in a wood. 

You cannot lee wood for trees. 

In mart aquam quarts. 



Proverbial Phn^sl . '2iy 

To make woof or warp of any bufinels. 
A werd and a blow. 

When he mould vmrk., every finger is a diumb* , 
iF anything ftay let work (lay. , 
The w^t/i^ is well amended with him. 
To have the •aierld in a ftring. 
He has a worm in his brain. 
Not worthy to carry his bodks after him. 
Not worthy to be named the fame day. . . ^ 

Not worthy to wipe his Ihocs.- ■' - . . '. i, 

Indignui qui illi mattllam perrigat. 

Di/ptrtam Ji tu fjUdi profile matellam ■■--'■■ 

Dignui ti, ma farct! fajttrt Piritb». MutiaL 

Not wfirthy to carry guts after a Bear. 

Trroerhial . 

• •I "m *% 

r 218 3 



Proverbial Similies^ in v^hic^ the ^l^(h 
lity and SubjeEi begin with the fam& 

AS bare as a bird*«. arfc, or as the b^ck of my. 
As blind as a beetle or bat. 

7'tfi^<7 citcior. As blind as a mole, though indeed a mole be 
not abfolutely blind ; but hath perfect tyesy and thofe not ca< 
vtTcd with any membrane, as feme have reported : but open, 
and CO be found without fide the bead, if one fearch diligently, 
ocncrwife they may eafily efcape one^ being yeiy fmall and 
lying hid in the furr. So that it mufl be granted, that a mole 
fees but obfcurely, yet fo much as is fufficient for her manner 
of living, being moft p%n uadergrouAd^ Hypfiea cacior. This 
Hyp/tea was a wo^mm pu^ous.fur her bli]i4n^. Tirefia atcior. 
The fable of Tiri^^ apd ^ow he came to ^ blind, is well 
known . * Leber kte c^dia^ £ft autm Leitris ^euwaji^ve J^Qlium 
ferpentisy in quo app^rfigt ffigiis diftftaxat tfcmlon^ny ac numbranula 
qua dam tenuij/sma ^uafirptntum ocuU pr^tttgMmiur, A Beetle is 
th 'Ught to be blind, i^<ca)»(ie in the eveni^ it will fly with its 
full force againil am^a's face, or anyltung elfe which hap-^ 
pens to be in its way ; which otfa^r infbdls, as Bees, Hornets, 
&c. will not do. 

To blufti like a black dog. 
As bold as blind 'Bayard. 
As bold as Beauchamp. 

Of this firname there were many Earls of Warwicky amongd 
whom (faith Dr. Fuller) I conceive Thomas ^ the firft of that name, 



( .« 

gave chief occafion to this Proverb i who ift the ^rear 1 34$, >vit]| 
one Squire jaind fix archers,fbiight ill hdftite tnanfter With zxl hilfi- 
dred armed men, at H^es in Ncrmmdyf Ml .Mrtfthfew thettiy 
f^xfisi^imy^M^rmms9''^py*^Z^ whole fl^ Aittns to^ouidr^ 

As brii]k: as a body loufc. ' * 

As bi^fy zk a bee. 

As clear 5^ ichry ftal. 

As co^d as chanty. ^ . . 

As coinmon as Coleman hedg^c*. 

Aji cay %s Croker*s mare. 

As cmimngzs Craddock J ^jC. ^. 

As dead as a door' nail. 

As dull as dun in the mhri* 

To feed like a farmer^ nr freehQlder^ : 

As fine jw five pence. 

As fit as a fiddle. 

As flat as a flounder. 

As grave as an o\i gate pofL 

As hard as horn. 

As liijg^ as three horife-loaves. * 

As high as a hog all but the brifties. . 

• .» • 

Spoken of a dwarf In derifion. 

• • • . ■ ' 

As hungry as a hawk, or horfe. • 

As kind as a kite, all you cannot ^eat you'll bide; 

As laz.y ^s Ludlam's dog» that IcaDt'd his head a-* 

gailift a wall to bark. ' 
As mad as a March hare. 

Famum babet in comu. 

As merry as the maids. 

As nice as a nun*s hen. 

As ^rt as a PearmoAger's mare. 

As plain as a pack-faddle, or a pike-llafi; 

As plump as a partridge. 

As proud as a peacock. 

As feafonable as fn<>v in fiunmer. 

As foft as nik. 


■ • » •. / • 

22d Troverbial Similtes^ 

As. true as. a turtle to her mate. 
As waim as wooll. 


As wife as Wahham^^ calf, that ran nine miles to. 
fuck a bull. .... 

As wife as a wifp, or woodcock. 
As welcome as water into a (hip, cr^ into one*s (hoes. 
As weak as^watcr. 


AS angry as a wafp. 
As bald as a coot. 
As bare as the back of my hand. 
As bitter as gall. ' Ipfa bile amariora. 
As black <as a coal ; as a crow or raven ; as the 

Devil, as jet, as ink, as foot. 
As bufy as a hen with one chicken. ^ 
As bufy as a good wife at oven ; and neither meal 

nor dough. 
He*s like a cat, fling him which way you will he'll 

light on his legs. 
She's like a cat, Ihe'll play with her own taiL 
He claws it as Clayton claw*d the pudding, when he 

eat bag and ail. * 

As dear as a bell. 

, . . 

•Spokeh principally of a voice or found without any jatring 
or harfhnefs. 

A clear as the Sun. 

As comfortable as matrimony. • . w 

It becomts him as well as afow doth a cart-faddle. 
As crowle as a new-walheri loufe. 

This is a Scotch and Northern Proverb. Crowfe figniii-es 
brifk, lively. . . 

As dark as pitch. 
Blacknefs is the colour of darkncfs. 


Prwtrbial Similiet.\ 221 

As dead as a Herrins. 


A Herring *ls faid to die imxniediately after it is t^ken out of 
its element the water ; that it dies very uiddenly n^yfelf can wit- 
nefs : fo likewife do Pilchards, Shads, and the reft of that tribe* 

As dear as two eggs a preany. : ^ 

As like a dock as a daify* 

That is, very unlike. > 

• • • . • 

As dizzy as a goofe. ■ -^ 

As drunk as a beggar. 

This Proverb begins now to be difufed, and inftead of it 
people are ready to fay, As drank as a Lord : £o much hath 
that vice (the more is the pity) prevailed among the Nobilit/ 
and Gentry of late years. 

As dry as a bone. 

As dull as a beetle. 

As dun. as a moufe. 

As eafy as piflfing a bed, as to lick a di(h. . 

As falfe as a Scot. 

I hope that nation generally deferves not fach an imputa- 
tion ; and could wifh that we Englijhmen were lefs partial t» 
ourfelves, and cenforious of our neighbours. 

As fair as Lady Done. Cbejh. 

The Donis were a great family in Cbejhire^ living at Vtkin- 
ton by the foreft fide : Nurfes ufe there to call their children 
{q if girls, if boys Earls of Derby. 

As faftas hops. 

As fat as butter, as a Fcol, as a hen in the forehead. 
To feed like a freeholder of Macklesfield^ who hath 
neither corn nor hay at Michaelmas. Chejh. 

This Mackletfield orMaxfieUf is a fraall market towa.and bo- 
rough in Chepin. 


i22 Prtniirhdl SimiUik 

As fierce as at goofe. ' 

Ji% fine [or {AXHidl as t h^tA\ b^aitard.. 

A$ fie A9 II pu^cHiAg for 4 FfUr's mputn« 

As fie as a fliodkicr^ miMtoot for a ock IbkfiL 

As flattering or fawniftg as a fptnlel. 

As fond o€it as an Afie of a m\Aft ofnd H \M* 

To follow one like a St. Amhofrfz pig. 

It is applicable to fuch' is liav6 fervile Mnfclc 6iiS^» Mtofi)^ 
a fmaU rewsu^d will lacquey it many miles, being more ofidoii 

tna ■ 

and affidnoBs in their attendance than thnrpa^ims^^M^. Sl 
Jntbm is noiorioafly knoWil^ to be lhepat£0)i gf Ho^ hj|vj^ 
a pig tor his page in all pifhtres, I am not fe well feu hi hi 
Ifg^Qd^ to .giy0 the reaibh of it; bat I dare &yy thmitjid 


As freely as St. Robert gaite his cow. 

This Robert was a Knarfbur^b Siaint, and the jolj wpam 
there can itiU tell yoa the legend of the cow. 

As hollow as a gun ; as a kex; 

A Kex is a dried ftaik of Hemlock or of wild Cicc^. 

As free as a blind man is of his eye. 
As free as an Ape i^ of his tail. 
As free as a dead horfc is of farts. 
As frefti as a rofe in June. 
As full as an egg is of meat. 

£ pieBO,c[imnto «n novo. ItaL 

As full as a piper's bag ; as a tick. 

As full as a toad is of poifon. 

As full as a Jade, quoch the Bride. 

As gant as a grey-hound. 

As glad as a fowl of a fair day. 

To go like a cat upon a hot bake^-ftone. 

To go out like a candle in a fnufF. 

As good as Gewge of Green. 

This Georgi oi Green was that famous Pindar of fFahfieU^YiO 


proverbial SimUes. 223 


fought with Roiift Hood said little John bddi togethef, and 'gost 
the better of theiB> as die old bJillM tells us. ^ 

As good as goofe'-fkins ibat nevidr-mmi had enough 

of. Cbep. 
As good as ever flew in the air. 
As good as ever went endways. 
As good as ever the ground went upon. 
As good as ever water wet. 
As good as ever twang*d. 
As good as any between Bag/hot and Baw-waw^ 

There is bat the breadth of a ilreet between theie-two. 

As greedy as a dog. 

As grech las gf ^fe ; as a leek. 

As hail as a rdch, Fifti whole. 

£ fano come un pefce. Ital* 

As haiKWieaf ted ias a Scot of Scothnd: 

As hafty as a iheep, fo loon as the tail is up the 

turd is out. 
To hold up his head like a fteed often pounds. 
As hot as a toa{t« 

To hug one as the Devil hugs a witch. 
As hungry as a Church-moufe. 
As innocetit as a Devil of two years old. 
A confcience as large as a fhipman^s hofe. 
As lawlefs as a Town-bull. 
As lazy as the tinker who laid down his budget to 

As lean as a rake. 
To leap like a cock at a black-ljerry. 

Spoken ofdhe that defires and trndcavoors to do hann bat 

As lecherous as a he-goat. 


224 Proverbial Similies. 

As light as a fly. 

To lick it up like Umhzy. Chejb. 

Lim is a village on the river Merfty that parts Cbe/bin and 
Lancafifirff where the beil hay is gotten. 

As like his own father as ever he can look. 

As like one as if he had been fpit out of his moutfa^ 

As like as an apple to an oyfter. 

As like as four-pence to a groat. 

As like as nine-pence to nothing. 

No more like than chalk and cheefe. 

To look like the pifturc of ill luck. 

To look like a flrainM hair in a can. Cbejb. 

To look like a drown'd moufe. 

To look like a dog that hath loft his tail. * 

To look as if he had eaten his bed-ftr^w. 

To look on one as the Devil looks over Lincoln. 


Some refer this tc LineolH-minikeT^ over which when firft fi- 
niflied the Devil is fappofed to have looked with a torvie and 
terrick countenance, as envying mens coiUy devotion, faith 
Dr. Fuller ; but more probable it is that it took its rife from 
a fmall image of the Devjil Handing on the top of Lincdm Col- 
lege in Oxford. 

As loud as a horn. 

To love it as a cat loves muftard. 

To love it as the Devil loves holy water. 

To love it as a dog loves a whip. 

As good luck as had the cow, that fluck hcrfelf 
with her own horn. 

As good luck as the loufy calf, that lived all win- 
ter and died in the fummer. 

As melancholy as a gib'd cat. 

As merry as cup and can. 

As merry as a cricket. 

As mild [or gentlej as a lamb. 

As natural to him as milk to a calf. 

As neceffary as a fow among young children. 

As nimble as an Eel. 


Proverbial Similteu Z2^ 

As nimble as a cow in acag?. ' 

As nimble as a new gelt dog. 


As pblin as the nofe on a man's face. 

As poor as Job. 

This fijjiilitude runs throagh moft Languages. la the UxMk 
yeriity oi Cambridge the young Scholars are wont to call chiding 

As piroud a^ ^ cock on his own dunghilL 

As proud as an Apothecary^ 

To quake like an Afpen leaf* 

To quake Kke an oven. 

He's like aRabbeufatand leanintwenty-four hoursV 

As red as a cherry v as a petticoat. 

As rich as a new (horn fbeep. 

As right as a ram's horn ^ as my leg. 

As rotten as a turd. 

As rough as a trnker^s budgets 

As fafe as a moufe in a cheele ; in a malt-^heap; 

As^ fafe ^s a crow in a gutter. 

As iafe as a thief m a mil L 

As fcabb'd as a cuckow. 

To fcold like a cut-pur fe; like a wych-waller. Cbeflr. 

That isy a boiler of Salt: Wych^ufes are Salt-hoiifes^ aod 
walling is boiling* 

Tofcorn a thing as a dog fcoms a tripe. 
As (harp as athorn» as a rafor, as vinegar. 

Aceto acrius. 
As much fibb'd as (ieve and ridder, that grew in 

the fame wood together. 

Sibb'd, that is, a kin : In SuJhU the banes of matrimony 
are called SibherUge, 

A« fick as a culhion. 

She fimpcrs like a bride on her wedding day. 

Q^ She 

526 PfowrSial JSimHes. 

She fimpers like a riven tJifti.: :; . 

She fimpers like a funnity' kettle. 

To fit like a frog on a chopping, block. 

As (lender in tkemiddic as acou^ in tlic waifL 

As flippery as an Eel. 

As fmooth as a carpet. Spoken of good way. 

As foftly as foot can fall. 

As tbund as a trout. 

As foure as verjuce. 

As fpruce as annnioii. 

To Itink like a poll car. 

As ftrait as an arrow. 

As ilrait as the back-bone of a berriiig. 

.Thoti'lt ftr!p k as Slack flripp'd che cat^ wlieti te 

puird her out of the churn. 
As ftrong as muftard. 
To ftrut in a. gutter. 
As fure as a gun [or as death. J 
As fure as check, or Exchequer i^tj. 

This was a Troverb in Queen EliscahetFs time $ 4^. credit 
of the Exchequer beginifiug in send dSterminihg With her 
reign, faith Dr. Fuller. 

As fure [or as round] as a Jugler's box. 

As fure as a loufe in bofom. Chejh. 

As f«rc as « loufe ih Pomftet. Ttnkjb. 

As fure as the coat's on one's back. 

As furly as a Butcher's dog. . . 

As fweet as honey, or as a nut. 

As tall as a May-pole. 

Jks tender-as a chicken. 

As tender as a parfon's leman, /. e. whore. 

As tender as Parnell that broke her finger in a pof- 

As tcfty as an old cook. 
As tough as whitleather. " 
As true as God is in heaven. 
As true as Iteel. 


Proverhial Simlies. 227 

As warm as a moufe. in a churn. 

As wanton as a calf with two dams. 

As welcome as Hftktn^ that patne to Jail over night 

and was hang^cf the next morning. 
A« white as th^ driven fnow; 
$i% wild.asabuck. 
As wily as a fox. 
A{i much wk as thr«e folks, two fools and a mad 

man. Chejh. 
As well worth it as a thief is worth a rope. 
Like Goodyer^h pig, never well but when he is doing 

mifciiief. Chejb. 
He ftands like Mumphazard^ who was hanged for 

faying nothing. Cbe/h. 
Like the parfon of Saddkworth^ who cpdd read :irt' 

no book but his own. Chefh. 
To come home like th/e parfon*s cow with a calf at 

her foot. Ch^Jh. 
To ufe one like a Jew, 

This poor nation was intolerafefy abufed fcv the Engkjb, 
while they lived in this land, ^rpedally'at LonJsn on SJbroititf'. 
^uejda^. Thus it came to pftis, whj^ God fre^ue^tly fore- 
told, that they fhoald become a bye-word and a reproach a- 
mong all n«fii9ns. JDr. i^«Zbr. 

He's Ufee a ft^riiie, bc'JI n^'flr dogood whik lielivjf># 

Uodooe as n. rpan would ^i^do ,9a <^fter. 

He feeds like? a boar in a frank. 

He's like a bag-pipe, he ncv«r t^lfcs till hi3 belly 

Like Hmt^ dog, that will neither go to Church 

nor ftay at home. 
She goes as if (hje cracked nuts with her tail. 
As wilful as a pig, he'll neither lead nor drive. 
As honed a man as any in the cards (when all the 

kings are out.) 
As good as ever drove top over tird houfc. ' 
You been like SmUhwicky either ckm'd or borften. 


Q 2 Proverbial 

[ 22S ] 

PrcTjerbial Rhymes and old Saws. 

• - ri % H E crab of the wood is fawcc very good ^ 
J[ For the crab of the fca. 
But the wood of the crab is fawce for a drab. 
That will not Ker hulband obey. 

— - Snow is white and lies in the dike, 
. And every man lets it lie : 
Pepper is black and hath a good fmacky 
And every man doth it buy. 

Jlba Uguftra ciulunt, nfmcdmia nigrm Upmitir. Virg« 

My horfe pifleth whey, my man piileth amber i 
My horfe is for my way, my man is for my chamber. 

— The higher the plum-tree, the riper the plum* 
The richer the cobler, the blacker his thumb. 

' When Adam delv'd and Eve Ipan, 
Where was then the gentleman : 
Upftart a churl and gathered good. 
And thence did Ipring our gentle blood. 

Le robbe fanno il primo fangue. Itai, 


Proverbial Rhymes. 229 

With a red man read thjr read ; 
With a brown man break thy bread jj 
At a pale man draw thy knife j 
From a black man keep thy wife. 

Bounce buckram, velvet's dear, 
Cbrijimas cofties but once a year ; 
And when it comes it brings'good chear, 
But when its gone its never the near. 

He that buys land huysmany .ftones •> 

He that buys fleih buys many bones : ' ' 

He that buys eggs buys many (hells. 

But he that buys good Ale buys nothing clfe. 

Jack Sprat he loved no fat, and his wife flic loved 
no lean : 

And yet betwixt them both they lick'd the plat- 
ters clean. 

He that hath if and will not keep it. 
He that wants it and will not feck it. 
He that drinks and is hot dry. 
Shall want money as well as I. 

The third of November the Duke of Vendefme 

paft the water. 
The fourth o{ November the Qiieen had a daughter,. 
The fifth of November wc 'fcap'd a great (laughter. 
And the fixth oi November was the next day after. 

- A man of words and not of deeds. 
Is like a garden full of weeds. 

Friday's hair and Sunday's horn. 
Goes to the D'ule on Monday morn. 

O 3 Our 

ajo Proverkfal Rhymes. 

Our fathers, which were wondrous wife. 

Did walh their throats,bcfore they wafh'd their eyes.. 

When thou doft hear a toll or knell. 
Then think upon thy pafling bell. 

If Fortune favour I may have her, for I go about 
her ; 

If Fortune fail you may kifs her tail, and go with- 
out her. 

A red beard ind a black head. 

Catch him with a good trick and take him dead. 

He that hath plenty of good fball have fliofcf i 
He that hath but little her Ihall have iefs ; 
And he that hath right nought, right nought Ihall 

. Cardinal Wolfey. 

A whip for a fool, and a rod for a fchool, 
Is always in good feafon. 

Will. Summers. 

A halter and a rope for him chat will be Pope, 
Without all right or reafon. 

^he Jhape of a good. Greyhound. 

- A head like a fnake, a neck like a drake, 
A back like a beam, a belly lik^ a brcart)^ 
A foot like a cat, a tail like a rat. 

Punch Cofe^ cut can.dl«, let brand on ehd^, 
Neither good houfcwife,nor good hbufe wife's friend. 

Alumjifit Jlalum non eft malum. 
Beerumfi fit ckerum eft fyncerum. 


. . . ^ 

*=- If one fcnew how goed it wete, ■ 
To eat a hen in Janivere % - 
Had he twenty in the fiock. 
He'd leave but one to go wrtH the <w:fe, ' 

"^Children pick up words a,s pigeons peale. 
And uticr (hem .agajio as Cod |]ull pleafe. 

Deux ace mnpifffknt &? fix cmt^Mefolvere n&lunt 
Omnibus eft notumi\M^ttx trois folvere tolum. 

— As a man lives fo fhall he die, ^ 

As a tree falls fo fliall it lie. 

JEgrotat Damon monacbus tj^nc ejfe vokbat : 
Damon convaluit Damon ut ante fuit. 

The Devil was fick, the Devil a monk would be^ 
The Devil was wclL the Devil a monk was he. 

Thither as I iTQUU gO I can go late, - 

Thither as I tirpuld not go I Icnovf pot the gate. 

No more mofter no more brickt . 

A cunning knave has a cunqjpg trick. 

J '■■■ 

n- u L- ^If a man be well it will make him fick 
Tobacco hicj^jjj ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^U j^ j^^ ^e fick. 

Ver ander falvo per ill mondo bifogna haver e occbio di — -^ \ 

Falcone^ oreccbie di AJino^ vifo di Scimia^ parole di j 

Mercante^ fpalk di Cameloy bocca di Porco^ gdmbe , / 

diCervo. Ital. { 

To travel fafely through the world a man muft have - 
^ Falcon's eye, an Afs's ears, an Ape's face, a . , 

0^4 Mer- / 

feja Pnwrbia! Rhymes^ 

Merchant's words, a Camel's back, a H<^ 
mouth, and a Hart's legs. • 

- It would make a man fcratch where it dodi obt 
To fee a man live poor to die rich. 

EJi fitrer haud duUus Jimul & manifefia pbreiifjitt 
Ut lockpla moriaris ^etiti yiverefaSr. Juvenal. 





Out of Dr. FuUer\ Worthies of Eng* 
Xaxidyfuch as are not entered already 
in the Catalogues. 


HE Vicar of Bray will be Vuar of Bray^iT/. 

Braj is a village well kiiown ip Barkfifin^ the vivacioas Vi* 
car whereof living under King Uenry the eighth. Kin? Ed*watd 
the fixth. Queen m^^ and Queen Eliicahttb: was firft aPapifl^ 
then a ProteSant, then a PapiS, then a Proteftant again. This 
Vicar being taxed by one for being a tum^coat, not fo (laid 
he) for I always kept my principle $ which is this, to live and 
die Vicar of Bray, 


S plain as Dunftable roaL 

It is applied to things plain and fimpley without either welt 
or guard to adorn them; as alio to matters eafy and obvious 
to be found out without any difficulty or direflion. Such this 
road being broad and beaten, as the confluence of many lead- 
ing to London from the North and North-well-parts of this 
land. I conceive befides this, th^re is an allufion to the firfl 
fyllable of this name Dunfiahle, for there are other roads in 
England as broad, plain, and well beaten at this. 

234 ^ ' P^'operbs. ^\ 

As crooked as Crawley brook. 

This is a namelefs brook ariiing about ^ohoumt nmningby 
Crawling, and falling jboimediaceTy into t^e. Oi^,,a river nuHt 
d'ooked and M^tMuuirous than it, running ^bote eigkt^irfbii, 
in eighteen b)r land. . '». *^ 

yi&» BaHiff ^ Bcdfaixi /> cenHf^. '■' *■ # ^ >i * * * 

The Ou/e or Bedford river is fo called in CanJfrtdgeJbirtt bc- 
caufe when fwoln with rain, &c. in the winter time it arrcfts 
the IJle of Ely with an inundation, bringing down faddenly 
^bondance of watsr. . . 

\ X. 


Uckinghamfbire bread and tief. 

* • • • 

• The former as/iw^^ thelatto* as fat in this, as in any other 

Here if you beat a bufh^ it is odds you^llft^rt a 'tijlef. 

No doubt there was juft occalion for this Proverb at the ori- 
ginal thereof, which then contained a fatyrical truth, propbr* 
fioned to the place before it was reformea : whereof thus our 
great Antiquary. // ivas alfogether unpqffahle in times paft hf 
rea/on of trees^ until Leofik&ne, Abbot of St. Albans, did cuttiii 
dotvnt becaufe they yielded a place of refuge for thie*ves» But tkif 
Proverb is now antiquated, as to the truth thereof; BmcUng* 
hamjhire affording as many maiden Alfizes as any County of 
equal populoufnefs. 

f^Antabrigia petit ^equaleSyOV aqualia^ 

That is (as Dr. Fuller expounds it) eith^er in rdpeft of their 
Commons ; all of the' fame mefs have equal (hare : or in re- 
fpeA of extraordinaries, they are all IcrocvjiBohoh club alikt : 
or in refpefl of Degree, all bf the fame degree arc fellow/ toifU 
met. The fame degree levcfs, although of different ige. 


Pnveris. , 335 

Cambtidgcfliire Camels. ' 

• • • • ' ■ 

^ llook upon this as a mck^dame gr«tindidity^ faflened on thi* 
country-men, perhaps becaufe-thc three; firft' letters are^he 
fame in CamhridgB and Camel, I doubt whether it had anjr 
refped to the Fen^men ilalking upon their Htltv who thee itt 
tb^ apparent length of their legs do ^^laethssg refembie tkat 
h^dL ....... 

* • • ■ . 

An tienry-fopbijler^ . i.-.. ... 

So they are called, whQ, after four yc^r^.fiaodTng in the 
UniverfKy, ftay themfelves from commencing Batchelors of 
ArtSy to render th6m in ^me Colleges more capable of pre- 
ferinent. , . . . ' 

That tradition is fenlelcfs (andinconfiftent with his Princely 
magnificence) of fuch who fancy that King Hefity the eightlj, 
coifaing to Camhridj^^ ftmd all the Sophifters f year, who cx-^ 
peded that a year of grace ftiould have been given to them« 
More probable it is, that becaufe that King is commonly con« 
ceived-bf great ftrength and Mature, that thefe Sophift^e Henri- 
ciani were elder and bigger than others* The truth is this, in 
the, reign of King Henry the eighth, after the deflruftion of 
jnonafteries, learning ^ai at aTofs; and'the Univerfity (thanks 
be unto QoA more feared than hnrt) ftood at a gaze what would 
become of her. Hereupon many ftudents ftaid themfelves 
/ov^, threey fom^ four y«ars ; as who would {tt^ how their 
degrees (before they took them) would b^ rewarded and 

^mttle twattle^ drink up your pojfet -drink. 

This Proverb had its original in CamhrUge^ and is fcarce 
known 6lfewherc. 


Heftiifc chief of men. 

It feems the Ceftrians have formerly been rcnowhed 
for their valour, v. Fu. er. 

She hath given Lawton gali a clap. 

Spoken of one got with child, and going tb London to conceal 
It. La^tvn is in tne way to Lofi/on from fevera! parts of Ci&^irr. 

BeUer wed over the Mixon than over the Moor. 

That IS, hard by or at home, the Mixon being that heap of 


aj6 Proverbs. 

com pod which lierin the yards of 'good hufbaiidsy than far off 
or from London, The road from Cbefter leading to LomdomoYtt 
fonie part of the Moor^lands in StaforJJhiret die meaning »^ 
the gentry in Chijhirt find it more profitable to match mtb- 
in their own Coaot>% than (o bring a bride out of other 
ihiires. i. Becaaie better acquainted with her birth and 
breeding, a. Becauie though her portion n^ay chance 10 
be lefs to maintain her, fuch intermarriages in this Conatf 
have been obVerved both a prolonger of worfhipfal famiUe^ 
and the preferver of amity between them. 

Evtry man cannot he vicar of Bowden. 

JBovfdefif it ieemsyis one of the greateft livings near Che/kr^ 
otherwife doubtlefs there are many greater Church jpre^- 
ments in Cbejbirt* 

^e Mayor of Altringham lies in hed wbik bis 

Ireecbes are mending. 
The Mayor of Altringham, and the Mayor of Ovcr^ 
^be one is a tbatcber^ the other a dauber. 


Thefe are two petty Corporation^ whofe poverty makci 
them ridiculous to their neighbours* 

Stopford law J noftake no draw. 
Neither in Cheftiire nor Chawbcnt. 

That is, neither in Kent nor Qbrljlendom. • Cbaivbent is a 
town in Lancapire. 

The Conjtable of Oppenfliawy^/j beggers in Stocks at 

He feeds like a Freeholder of Max field \or Macklet 

field,] who hath neither corn nor hay at Michael^ 


Maxjteld is a market town and borough of good account in 
this Count}', where they drive a great trade of making and 
ielling buttons. When this came to be a Proverb, it ihonld 
feem the inhabitants were poorer or worfe hufbands than now 
they are. 

Maxficld meafure heap and thrutch^ i. c. tbruji. 



Froverbsn 233? 

T Tre, Pol, and Pcn» 


Thefe three words are the Diftionary of fach fimimes at 
are originally Comtff ; and though Noons in fenie, I may fitly 
term them Prepofiuonsl" 

T r •> Hence 7)*^, Tn-Imm- 

1. 7re.\ ^ I a TViMk I mej^t ffi^vimimh &c. 

2. Pol. > fignifieth< an Head. >Hence Pol-wiml. 

3. Fin. I I a Tcf. ( Hence^Miflf^ Fm-r^, 

J C J Pm-Jti^ilf Uc 

7'^ give one a Corniih Hug. 

The Corntfi are matters of the Art of wreflling. Their hnm 
is a cunning cloie with their fellow combatants, the fmu 
whereof is his hsT fall or foil at the Iraft. It is figuratively 
applicable to the. deoeicfal dealing of fuch^ who mretly de« 
fign their overthrow whom they openly embrace. 

Hcngftcn down weU ywrougbt^ 

Is worth London town dear y bought. 

In reipeA of the great quantity of tin to be found there un- 
der ground. Though the gainful plenty of metal* this place 
formerly afiTorded. is now fsdlen to a fcant-faving fcarcity. As 
for the Diamonds which Dr. Fuller fancieth may be found 
there, I believe they would be little worth. 

He is to hefummoned before the Mayor of Halgaver. 

This is a joculary and imaginary court, iVherewith men 
make merriment to themielves, prefenting fuch perfons who 
go flovenly in their attire : where judgment in formal terms 
is given againfl them, and executed more to the /corn than 
hurt of the perfons. 

JVhen Dudman and Ram-hcad meet. 

Thefe are two fore-lands, well known to failors, nigh twen« 
ty mile? afunder, and the Proverb paiTeth for tl^c Firifbrajts 

i)f an impoi^bility. 


tjS Prweris. 

He doth fail into Cornwall without a bark: 

» « ■ ■ ■ ■ 

This is an Italian Proverb, Where itpaffcth for a'defe^jp^^ 
on (or derifion 4^'tKkr) of fucil adlaa'as is wrQBftMt bj^^Jlll 
wife's riifloyalty. The wit of it coiififis in the alliifio& todit 
fiK>rsd HoitA. '■ ■ ' . ^ • ?■' 


' ' Cumb^irlaffd. 

SciM&lwot^ full mill jpfjffat. 


TMn^tc tw9 ofigkbpiir hiUs, Uie^ne m tbis (^omH^rfhe 
other in jSMfipdfk iA Sioiland : if the former be q^pp'd with 
clouds and foggy mifts, it will not be long e're rain fatts os 
the other. It is fpoken of fvcb wbo Mvm'eppc&L to^ffmf/^ 
thize in their fafferings, by reaibn of the vicinity of their 

5kid(Uw^ Lauvdlifl, and CiG^ic^ndt 

I know not how to reconcile this rhyme with another men-* 
tioned hy the fame Author^ Caih^^. BnUm. in Z^flyy|Mv*,. 

Ingleborough, Pendle^ and Penlgent, 
Are ibe highffi bills k^een Scocland i^nd Trent. 

Unlf& it be, that the later ternary ajee }iijg;heiltn T§rytm 
mens account ; the former in Cma^erJanJ mens account : every 
County being given to magnify (not to iay aUifyJ their ^ow» 

^0 Devonfliire or Denfhire land. 

Thatisy to par^? off the furface or topotiirf* {thereof ami 
to lay it upon beaps and burn U : which afhes aw a tetrfel' 
Jous improvement to battle barren land, by reafon of the ixt 
fait which they contain. This courfe they take with their 
barren fpungy healthy land in many Counties of Mnj^laaJ, and 
call it Denjhiring, Land fo ufed will bear two or three good 
Cfops of cqrn, and then mnft be thrown down again. 

yf Plymouth cloak. 

That is, a cane or ftaff\ whereof this is the occafion.Manya 
pLMXi of good cxtraflion, coming home from far voyages, may 


P.rwerii. 639 

chance to land here, and, being out of forts. Is nBaUe/ortii^ 
prefent time and place to recruit himfelf with clothes. Here 
(^ not friendly provided) they make the next wood their Dra- 
ner^s 4^opy wherjp ^ OiMtt cut out fenres t)iem for a coverings 
For we uie when wJe. walk in citirfo to carry a ftaff in our 
hsmdsy txat none when in a cloak* .... -» 

He Thujrtmme Mott-ftonc ; \ 

There is a bay in this County called Morts-hay^ but the har- 
bour in the entrance thereof is^opp'd with a huge rock» 
called Af(9r^««^ ; and the people merrily /ay , none cim n^ 
jnove it but fuch as are matters of their wive»« '\ " 


Firft bang anddrsw^-,. ; . 

^ben bear tbe caufe hy Lidford law. 

•- ? 

LtJfordis a little and poor (but ancient) Corporation in this 
Coun^ with i«iy la^ ^vileM, where a Court of Stuutmrin 
«ras ibirmeriy la^pf^, Xhis libellous Proverb would fuggeft uor 
jio 1I89 ahii ihtf Ifoyiafoftti t^reof Xgeiierally me^ peribns} 
jttf9}^ on^iiie. C9 -g^finaJfiQ .(heir own liberties with neceflary dif- 
fgetk)% «d>aiiiiiteBi)g^rqpftcjpoi>s and pr^poperous jufiice* 


' Dorfet(hire» 
£ i9iN/ri& a kin a$ Jwenfon-hill to Piiien-pin.* 

That is, no kin at all. It is fpoken of fuch ^o have 
vicinity of habitation or neighbourhood, without the leaft de- 
gree of confan|;uinity, or . affinity betwixt them. For thefc 
are two high hills, the lirft wholly, the other partly in thefti- 
rifh of Broad Wind/or. Yet the fea men make the neareft re- 
lation between them, calling the one the cow^ the other the 
^alf: in which forms it feems they appear £rft to their fancies, 
feeing eminent fea-marks. 

Stabled with a Byrdport dagger. 

That is, banged. The beft if not the moft hemp (for the 
quantity of ground) growing about Bjrdporty a market town in 
niis County. And hence it is that there is an ancient ftatute 
{though now difufed and negle^ed) that the cable ropes f«r 
ihc Navy-royal were to be made thereabouts, 


24^ Prmerbs. 

Dorfctlhirc Darfers. 

Dor/ers are peds or panlers carried on tte 6^ks of faorfit, 4i 
which Higlers ufe to ride and carry their commodities - It 
Teems this homely, but moft ufefal infbumenr, was either firft 
found o\xif or is the moft generally ufed in this Cotinty ; wheie 
fijb-jnhhers bring up their fiih in fuch. contfivaaces* aboie AB 
hundred miles from Linu to Loudon, 



- ^ 



T:^$■SEX 5///«. • . . .".,,..,...;;■ i-....i 

See the Catalogue of Sentences* 

Eflcx Cahes^ 

- ■ . . . , 

I . 

This Country produceth calves of xhs fanj^t /«/^» ttil 
fmft fieih in England^ and cQnfequently in all Eurtft. Sare ii 
is that a Cumhetland C&w may be bought for tlie piite^ ai 
.F|^jr M^ at the beginning of the year. Let me adS^ tlUttit 
argues the goodnefs of fleih in this Coonty, aad tiiatfitit 
gain was got formerly by the (ale thereof, becaufe that fo ma- 
ny flately Monuments were erected therein anciently for Bot- 
chersy infcribed Camificei in their Epitaphs in Cogjbail^ Cbebm^ 
ford^ and elfewhere, made with marble, inlaid with bteft^ 
befitting (faith my Author) a more eminent man : whereby it 
apDears» that thofe of that trade have in that County been 
richer (or at Icafl prouder) than in other places. 

■ . * • 

As valiant as an Eflcx lion^ \. t. a calf. ■ 

The IVeavers beef of Colchefter. » 

That is, y/rtf//« caught hereabouts, and brought hither if 
incredible abundance, whereon the poor Weavers (numerpiip 
in this Town) make much of their lepaft, cutting randiy 
rumps, furlcins, chines, out of them, as ne goes on. ' ^ 

Jeeriftg Cogfliall. ' • 

This is no Proverb : but an ignominious Epithet faftenefl 
on this place by their neighbours, which,as I hope they do not 
glory in, fo I believe they arc not guilty of. Other towns yi 
this Country have had the like abufive Epithets. I remember 
a rhyme which was in common ufe formerly of fome towoSy 
Bcr'faf diflant the one from ihs other. 


Proverbsl 241 

Braintree/<?r the pure^ and Bockwg for ihe poor i 
Cog(hall/<?r the jeering Tpwn^and Ktlvcdoti for tbs 


A S fure as GoJ*s in Gloceftcrfhire. 

This IS a iboliiKand prof? ne Proverb, unfit to be afcd. 
However fome (eek to qnaliry Jt, making God eminently in 
this though not cxclulively of other Counties ; where fuch 
was the former fruitfulnefs thereof, that it is (by WiiUam of 
Malmejhury, in his book of BiQipps) faid to l-eturn tie feed withr 
the increafe of an hundred fold : others find a fuperliitious 
•ienfe therein, fuppofing God by his gracious prefence more 
peculiarly fix'd in this Country,, wherein there were more and 
richer mitred Abbies, than in any two (hires of England htMLC^m 

Tou are a man of Durcflcy. 


It is taken for one that breaks his word, and fails in per- 
formance of hi» promife ; parallel tQ Fides Graca^ or Pui^ica. 
Durejhy is a market and clothing Town in this County, the in- 
babitants wherecSf will endeavour to confute and difprove this 
Proverb, to make it falfe now, whatfoeyer it was at the firib 
original thereof. 

It*s as long in coming as Cotfwald barliy^ 

M^t • . • ■ , 


It is applied to fuch things as are flow, but fure. The com 
in this cold Country on the /^flw^//,expo{ed to the winds bleak 
and flitlterlefs, is very backward at the firft, but afterwards 
overtakes the forwardeft in the County, if not in the barn ia 
the bulhel, both for the quantity and goodnefs thereof* 

He looks as if he bad lived on Tewkfbury mujiard. 

Teiuk/hufy is a fair Market-town in this County, noted ftr 
the mi^ft&r4:ball3 made ther^e, and lent into other parts. This 
is fpoken partly of fuch, who always have a fad, fevere, and 
terrick countenance. Si ecaflor hie homofinapi 'viSitti^ non cen-- 
/earn tarn trifiem eJfepoJe.?l9L^t.' in Trucul. Partly of fuch as 
are fnappifh, captiqus, and prone to take exceptions. ' 

^Ibe Tracys have always the wind in their faces. 


This is founded on a fond and falfe tradition, which reports, 
that ever fince Sir fFilUam Tract was inoll aftive among the four 

R Knights, 

24^ Broverbs. 

Knights.which killed Tbpmas BtcketM is Mnpbfed on ^e i'ra(^ 
for miraculous penanpe, that,whether they go by land or by wsh 
ter^ the wind is ever in tlieir faces. If this were fo (faidi tkc 
Doftor) it was a favour in an hot fummer to the females of tliat 
family, and would fpar^ them the ufe of a Fan, &c. 

As fierce as a lion of Cotfwald. 
' i. e. A Iheep. 


MAnners makes a man^ 
Sluoth William oj Wickham. 

IVilUam of Wtckbam was a perfon well known. He wa^ 
Biihop of Winchefter^ founded New College in Oxford^ and 
Wincbefter College in this County. This generally was h» 
MottOy infcribcd frequently on the places of his founding. So 
that it hath fince acquired a Proverbial repatation. 

X^anterbiiry is the higher Rack^ but Wincheftcf is 
the better Manger. 

W. Edingionf Biihop of JVinchefter^ was the Author of diis 
expreflion, rendering this the reafon of his refuikl to be i«- 
moved to Canterbury^ though chofen thereunto. Indeed thoiigii 
Canterbury ht graced \w'\t\i an higher honour ; the.reyemuesof 
Wincbejier are greater. It is applicable to fuch, who prefer a 
wealthy privacy before a lefs profitable dignity. 

^he IJle of Wight hath no Monks ^ Lawyers^ nor Fms. 

This fpeech hath more mirth than truth in it. {SpeeiTs Ca- 
talogue of religious Houfes.) That they had Monks I know, 
Black ones at Caris-brooky Ubite ones at garter in this liland. 
That they have Lanvyers they know when they pay them their 
' fees : and that they have Foxes their Lambs know. Bot of all 
thefe^ perchance fewer than in other places of equal extent. 


Hartford (hire. 
Artfordfliire clubs and clouted Jhoon. 

Some will wonder how this fhire lying fo near to Lwkh 
the ftaple of Englijh civility, fhonld be guilty of fo^much rti- 
Hicalnefs. But the £neil cloth muft have a lift, and the pnre Pcsi- 


Proverbs. 243 

fants are of as coarfe a thread in this, as in any other place* 
Yet though fome may /mile at their clo'wnifitnrfsy let none laugb 
at their induftry ; the rather, becaufc the high Jhoon of^the te- 
Bant pays for the Spanijb Itathsr- boots of the Landlord. 

Hartfordlbire hedge- hogs. 

Plenty of hedge hogs are found in this high woodland Conn- 
try, reported to fuck the kine, though the Dairy-maids conne 
them fmall thinks forfparing their pains in milking them. Whe-» 
ther this Proverb may have any farther reflection on the people 
of this County, as therein taxed for coyetoufnefs and conflant 
Huddling on the earth, I chink not worth the enquiry ; theib 
nicknames being impofed on feveral Counties groundleily, as 
to any moral /jgnificaiicy. 

Ware and Wades-mill are worth all London. 

This I aflure you is a m after-piece of the vulgar wits in this 
County, wherewith they endeavour to amufe travellers, as if 
Ware^ a through-fare market y and Wades-milly part of a village 
lying t vo miles North thereof, were fo prodigioufly rich, as 
to countervail the wealth of London. The fallacy lieth in the 
homonymy of Ware^ here not taken for that Toiun fo named, 
but appellati'vely for all mendibk comtnodities . It is rather a 
riddle than a Proverb. 

Hartford&ire kindnefs. 

It is, when one drii^ks back agaip to the party, who imme- 
diately before drank to him : and although it may fignify as 
much as, Manm manumfricat^ £sf par eft de merente bene mereri^ 
yet it is commonly ufed only by way of derifion of thofe, who, 
through forgetfulnrfs or miftake, drink to them again whom 
they pledged immediately. 



Lejfed is the eye^ 
That is between Severn and Wye. 

Not only becaufe of the pleafant profpedl ; but it feems 
this Is a prophetical prom^fe of fafety, to fuch as live fecured 
within thofe great rivers, as if privileged from Martial 

R 2 Sutton 


244 . Proverbs. 

Sutton wall ^/7i/Kcnchefter hill 

Are able to buy London were it to fell. 

Thefe arc two places frwitful in this Country, faith Mr. Homth 

Lemfter Bread and Weabley Ale. 

• # • • • • 

' Both thefe the befl in their kinds, underlland it of dtf 
County. Othcrwife there is Wheat in England that will vie 
with that of Lemfter for purenefs ; for example that of C^jth 
den*s MiddUtfex, Camden, Brit,) Hefton near Harrow m tk 
JHill in Middlnftx, of which for ^ long time the manchet for 
the Kings of England was made : and for 1 Ale D^rbj towBi 
and Northdo^A iu the Iflc of Thamety Hull in TQrkJhire^ and5«r 
hub in Chejhire;^\\\ fcarce give place to WebUy. 

Every one cannot dwell at Rothcras. 

A delicate feat of the Bodmans in this County. 



TV Huntington Sturgeon. 
Ibis is the way to Beggcrs-bulh. 

It is f|X)ken of fuch, who ufe ^difJblute and improvident 
coarfcs, which tend to poverty. Btggers-bujh being a treeno- 
torioufly known, on the left hand of the London road froffl 
Huntington to Caxton* 

. Nay ftay^ quctb Stringer, wh^n his neck was in tbt 

Ramlav the Rich. 

This was the Crafus of all our Englijb Abbies, for havinf 
but iixty Monkt to maintain therein, the revenues thereof 
according to the ilandard of thofe jtimesyamounted unto fereft 
thouiand pounds per annum ; which in proportion was an hna- 
dred pounds for every Monk, and a thoufand pounds for their 
Abbot ; yet at the difToIution of Monafteries, the income of 
this Abbey was reckoned at but one thoufand nine huadred 
eighty three pounds a year ; whereby it plainly appears hov 
much the Revenues were under-rated ia thofe valuatioos* 


Proverbs, 245 

•X T£/r//£i? i-n Kent nor Chriftcndom. 

That is, faith Dr. Fuller^ our Englijh Cbrifitndom^ of 
'which Kent was £rii converted to the Chriit'.an faith^as much 
as to fay as Romezxid. all Italy ^ or the firii cut and all the loaf 
befides : not by way of oppofition, as if Kent were no part of 
Chrijiendom, as fome have underilood it. I rather thinic that 
it is to be underilood by way of opposition, and that it had its 
original up«n occafion of Kent bein'g given by the ancient 
Britons to the Saxons ^ who where than Pagans. So that Kent 
might well be oppofi^ to all the reft oi EngUn4in this refpe^t 
it being Pagan wnen all the reH was Osriftian, 

A Knight of Cales, a Gentleman of Wales, and a 

Laird of the North-countree. • 
A 2'eoman of Kent, with bis yearly renly will buy 

them out all three ^ 

Cales Knights were made in that voyage by Pohertt Earl of 
EJ^ex, to the number of fixty ; whereof (though many of great 
birth) fome were of low fortunes ; and therefore Queen Etima^ 
letb was half ofFended with the Earl, for making Knighthood 
fo common. 

Of the numeroufnefs of Welch Gentlemen nothing need be 
f'\id, the Welch generally pretending to Gentility. Northern 
Lairds are fuch, who in Scotland hold lands in chief of the 
King, whereof fome have npgreat Revenue. So that a Ketf 
tijh Yeoman (by the help of an Hyherbole) may counterv::il, &c. 
Yeoman contraded for Gemen-mien fromG^/«^/0,iignifying com- 
mon in old Huchffo that zfeoman is a CoMmoner,on€ undignified 
with any titleof Gentility : aconditioii of people almofi peculi-^ ' 
ar to Ef/gland, and which is in efFe6l the bafis of all the Nation* 

Kentifh long tall:. 

Thofe are miftaken who found this Proverb on a miracle ofjfw 
^/» the Monk; who preaching in an £«^//^ village, and being 
iiimlelf and his aifociates beat and abufed by the Pagans ther*, 
who opprobrioufly licd Ft//?- tails to their back-iides : in revenge 
thereof I'ucb appendants grewto the hind parts of all that genera- 
tion. For the fcene of this lyinp wonder was not laid in any pare 
iifK^ntf but pretended many miies oiF, nigh Ccrne in Dorjetjhire. 
I conceive it iirft of outlandiih extradion^and call by foreigners 
a^ a note of difgrace on all EngliJhmen^^}cLQ\x^\x. chanceih to flick 

R 3 only 

246 Proverbs. 

only on the Kentijh at this day. What the original or occafion 
of it at firft was is hard to fay ; whether from wearing a poach 
or bag, to carry their baggage in behind their backs, whilft 
probably the proud Manjieurs had their Lacqui^s for that pur-*; 
pofe; or whether from the mentioned ftory-of Auftin 1 att 
fure there are fome at this day in foreign parts, who can hard- 
ly be perfwaded but that Englijhmcn\i^v^ tails. 

'Why this nickname (cut off from the relt of England) anj*- 
tinues ftili entailed on Kenty the reafon may be (as the DoAor 
conjefturcs) becaufe that County lies neareft to Franct^ and 
the French are beheld as the firft fpundcrs of this afperfioh. 

Dover-court ell fpeaksrs and no bearers. 

The Dodor underftands this Proverb of fome tamnltooiis 
Court kept at Do'vtr^ the confluence of many blnforing fa 
men who are not eafily ordered into any awfui attention^ It is 
applicable to fuch irregular conferences, where the people are - 
all tongue and no ears. 


A jack cf Dover. 

. I find the firft mention of this Proverb in our EngUJb EtmiuSf 
Chaucer, in his Proeme to the Cook. 

And many a jack of Dover he had fold^ 

IVbich had been two times hot^ and two times cold. 

This he mskes parallel to Crambe his cc3a\ and applicable 
to fuch as grate the ears of their Auditors with ungrateful 
tautologits, of what is worthlcfs in itfelf ; tolerable as once 
uttered in the r.oiion of novelty, but abominable if repeated. 

Some part of Kent hath health and no 'wealthy viz. Eaft Kent, 
Some <u;eaith and no healthy viz. The weald of Kent, Some 
both health and <weuLby viz. the middle of the Country and 
parts near London, 


Anca(hire/^/r IVomen. 

Whether the women of this County be indeed fairer than 
their neighbours I know not; but that the inhisbitants of fome 
Countries may be, and are generally fairer than thofe of others, 
is. mod certain. The reafon whereof is to be attributed partly to 
the temperature of the air, partly to the condition of the foil, 
and partly to their manner of food.The hotter the climate,ge- 


Pfpverbsz *42 

nerally the blacker the inhabitants, ajad the colder the fairer i 
the colder I fay to a certain de^ee, for in extream cold coun* 
tries the inhabitants are of dufky complexions. But in thef^mf 
climate that in fome places the inhabitants ihould be fairer 
than in others, proceeds fiom the diveriity of the fituation 
(either high or low, maritime, or far from iea) or of the foil 
and manner of living, which we fee have fo much influence 
upon beafls, as to alter them in bignefs, fhape, and colour ; 
and why it may not have the like on men, I fee not. 

// is njbritten upon a wall in Rome, 

Ribchcfter was as rich as any town in Chrijlendom. 

Some monumental wall, whereon the names of principal 
places were infcribed then fubjeft to the Roman Ertipire. And 
probably this Ribcbefter was anciently fbme eminent 'polony (4s 
by pieces of coins and columns there daily digged out doth 
appear.) However at this day it is not ^ much as a market- 
town, but whether decayed by age, or deftroyed by accident, 
is uncertain. It is called Ribcbejhr bec^ufe (ituated v>n the 
liver RMIe^ 

jis old as Pendle bill. 

Jf Riving p/^^ do wear a hood^ 

he fare that day will ne^er be good. 

A mift on the top of that hill is a fign of foul weather. 

lie that would take a Lancafhire man at any time or 

tide^ * • 

Muji bait bis hook with a good egg-pye or an apple with 

a red fide. 




Ean-lelly Leicefterfhire. 

So called from the great plenty of that grain growing 
therein. Yea thofe of the neigbouring countries ufe to fay 
merrily. Shake a Leicefterfhire man by the collar^ andyoujhall 
hear the beans rattle in his belly. But thofe Yeomen fmile at 
what is faid to rattle in their bellies, whilil they know good 
filver ringeth in their pockets. 

R 4 Jf 

14* Proverbs. 

If Bever hath a capj 

Tou churls of the vale look to that. 

That is, when the cloods hang orer the Towers of Bnvth- 
csfUe, it is a prognoftick of mach rain and moiftme, to the 
much endamaging that fruitnii rale, lying in the three Cdon- 
tics of Lacefltr, Umolm^ and Nottiwgbam. 

Bread for Borroi3gh-,7r«r, 

At Grcac Gleu there are mere great dogs than ho- 
fieft men. 

Carkton warlers. 

rU throw ycu into Harborough^A/. 

A threat for children, Harhoreugb having no £eld. 

Put Up your pipes^ and go to Lockington wake. 
The laji man that he killed keeps hogs in Hinckley jfei^. 

Spoken of a coward that never durft fight«^ 

He has gone over, Asfordby bridge backwards. 

Spoken of one that is pad learning. 

Like the Mayor of Hartle pooU you cannot do that, 
^hsn ril thatch Groby pod with pancakes, 
For bis death there is many a wet eye in Groby pooL 
In and out like Billcfdon I wot. 
A Lciceftcrfliire plover^ i. c. a Bag-pudding. 
Bed worth beggcrs. ' 

The fame again^ quoth Mark of Bellgrave. 
JVhat have I to do with BradlhawV wind-mill^ i. e. 
Whai have I to do with another man's bufinefs? 



Incolnfliire, where hogs Jhite fope^ and cowsfmic 

I'liC iiili^b:t::nti; of the poorer fori waHiing their clcihcs with 


PrGveris. 249 

logs dung> and burning dried cow-dung^ for want of better 


Lincolnlhire bagpipes. 

Whether becaufe the people here do more delight in the bag- 
pipes than others, or whether they are more cunninginpjaylng 
upon them ; indeed the former of thefe will infer the latter^ 

As loud as Tom of Lincoln. 

This Tom of Lincoln is an extraordinary great bell hanging 
in one of the Towers of £i«ro/»-minfter ; how it got the aamrc 
I know not, unlefs it wei9 impofed on it, when baptized by 
the Papifts. Howbelt this prefent STmi was caft in King Jamesh 
time. Anno 1610. - 

All the carts that come to Crowland are Jbod with 

fdver. . . 

• ■ • * 

Cro^ivland is fltnated in fo moorilh rotten ground in the Fens,* 
that fcarce a horfe, much lefs a cart can come to it. Since 
the draining, in fummer time carts may go thither. 

As mad as the baiting bull of Stamferd. 

Take the original hereof. {R. Butcher in his Survey of 
S/ am/or d^ li2Lg. 40.) JVilliam^ Earl Warren^ Lord of this Town 
in the time of Kin^ Jobn^ ilandine. upon the Caftle. walls of 
Stamfird^ faw'Too buHs ^ghting For a cow in the meadow, 
^till all the butchers dogs, great and fmall, purfued one of * 
the bulls (being madded with noife and multitude) clean', 
through the town. This iight fo pleafed the faid Earl, that 
he gave all thofe meadows (called the caille-meadows) where 
firfl the Bull duel began, for a common to the butchers>of the 
Town (after the firft grafs was eaten) on condition they £nd 
a mad Bull, the day Ux weeks before Cbriftmas-dLZY^ for the 
continuance of that fport every year. 

* ■ 

He was born at little Wittham. 

Little Witthamis avillageln this County. It is applied tofuch 
a*; are not overflocked with acutcnefs. being a nominal allufion; 
of the Lkc whereto wt have many current among the vulgar. 


Graficham jri^y mnegritSj and a gallon of waier. 

It is applicable to thofe who, in their /peeches or affions, 
multiply what is fuperfloous, or at beft lefs necefiaiy, eitber 
wholly omitting or lefs regarding the eiTentials thereof. 

S'bty bold together as the men of Marham, wbei$ tbey 
toft their common. 

Some nnderftand it trenieatfyf that is, tiiey are divided widi 
ieveral fadions, which rains any caafe. Others ufe it only 
as an expreffion of ill foccefi,. when men flrive and .plet toge- 
tJier to no pnrpoie, 



Iddlefex clowns. 

Becaafe Gentry and Nobility are relpedlively ob- 
ferved according to their degree, by people far diftant from 
LondoMf lefs regarded by thefe Middlefexians (frequency breeds 
fkmiliarity) becaafe abouniiing thereabouts. It is generally 
true whert the common people are richer, there are they 
more furly ind uncivil : as alfo' where they have lefs depen* 
dence on the Gentry, as in places of great trade. 

He that is at a low ebb at Newgate, may foon he 
afloat ^/Tyburn. 

Mr. Bedweir^ Dcfcription of Tottenham^ Chap. 3, 

When Tottenham wocd is all onfirCy 

Then Tottenham ftreet is nought but mire. 

That is, when Tottenham wood, ftanding on an high hill at 
the Weft end of the Pariih, hath a foggy mift hanging over it 
in manner of a fmoke, then generally foul weather followeth. 

Idem ibid. 
Tottenham is turned French. 

It feetns about the beginning of the Reign of King Henty 
VIII. French mechanicks fwarmed in England , to the great 
prejudice of Englijh artifans, which caufed the infurredion in' 
London on ill May-day y A. D. 1517. Nor was the City only 


Proverbs. 251 

but the Country villages for four milcs.about filled with French . 
fafliions and infeftions. The Proverb is applied to fuch, who, . 
contemning the cuilbms bf their own Country, makes them- 
J4:lves more ridiculous by aiFedling foreign humdurs and habits. 


London Jury, bang half and fa*oe half. 

Some affirm this of an EJfexy others of a Middle^ 
Jury: and my charity believes it equally true, that is, cquallf 
untrue of all three. It would fain fuggefl to credulous peo- 
ple, as if Londoners frequently impannei'd on Juries, and load- 
ed with multiplicity of matters, aim more at diipatch than 
juftice, and to make quick riddance (though no hajte to hang 
true men) acquit half and condemn half. Thus they divide 
themlelves iri iequilihrio between juftice and mercy, though it 
were meet the latter fhould have the more advantage, &C. 

1 he falfenefs of this fuggeftion will appear to fuch, wb'p» 
by perufing hiftory, do difcover the London' Jurors moft con- 
fcientious in ^ocetdUng /ecundum allegata ^ prohata, alwi^ 
inclining to the merciful fide in faving life, when they catt 
find any caufe or colour for the fame. 

London lick-penny. 

The Country man coming up hither, by his own experi- 
ence, will eafily expound the meaning thereof. 

London h idge was made for wife men to go over^ 
andfooU to go under, 

A London Cockney, 

This nickname is more than four hundred years old. For 
when Hugh Bigot added artiiicialforti^] cations to his naturally 
ftrong Cafxle of Bmgey in Suffolk^ he gave out this rhyme, there- 
in vaulting it for impregnable. 

JVere I in my Cajile of Bungey, 

Upon the river of Waveney, 

/ would ne care for the King of Cockney. 

Meaning thereby King Hcr.ry II. then quietly poffefTed of Lon- 
don,wh\\it fome other places did refift him: though afterwards he 
fo humbled this////^^',that he was fainwith large fums of money, 
and pledges for his loyalty, to redeem thi« his Caftle frcm being 
razed to the ground. I meet with a double fcnfc cf this woi4 


2tl Proverbs. 

Cockney, i . One eoa:(*4 and cocqmi^dt madtj a wanton or Ncftlc* 
cock, delicately bred and brought up, fo as when grown up 
to be able, to endure no hardiiiip. 2. One utterly ignorant 
of country af!ain,of huibandry and houiewivery as there prac- 
tifed. The original iiicreof, aad the tale of the citizen's fon» 
who knew not the language of a Cock^ but called it neigbtng^n 
commonly known. , ^ • h 

Billings-gate language. 

Siilhtgs was formerly a gate, and (as feme would make u$ 
believe) fo called firom Belinus the brother of Brennus : it is 
now Tzxhtr portus a haven, than porta, Billinfgate lansfuage is 
fuch as the fiihwives and other rude people which flock thither 
ufe frequently one to another, when they fall out. 

Kirbcs caftle and Mcgfcs glory j 
SpinalaV fleafure and f ifhcr^s folly. 

Thefc were fbur.houfes about the city, built by citizens, 
large and fumptuous above their eflates. He that would know 
any thing more of the buiiuers of thefc houfe*, let him cuu- 
fult the Author* 

Jle was lorn within the found of Bow-belL 

This is the Perlphraju of a Londamer at large. This is call- 
ed Boiv-bell becaute hanging in the ileeple of ^ovv-Church, 
and ^0<u; -Church, bccaufe built on bows or arches (faith my 
Author.) But I have been to)d, that it was called from the 
crofs flone arches, or uows oii the top oi the ileeple. 

St. Peter*j in the Pcor^ 

JVbere*s no Tavern^ Alekoufe^ ^^fig^i ^t the door. 

Under corredion I concelvre It ca'lcd in the Poor, becaufe the 
Augufiinian friars, pr«^jfcirjng wilful poverty for fome hundreds 
of years, poileired more tlian a moiety thereof. Othjerwife 
this was one of the richell Parilhes in Lotidon^ and therefore 
might fay, Malo pauper njocari quatn effe. How ancient the 
ufe of figns in this city on private houfes is to me unknown^ 
iurel am it was generally ufta in the reign of K.\r\g EdiuardW . 

Good mcnncrs to oxcpt iry Lord Ivlayor cf London. * 

This is a corre(?ave of Tich, w^hcfe exprc.Tions are of the 
largell flze i aad ico general in their exicnt. * 

1 bcrjc 

Proverbs. 2^^ 

I have dined as well as my Lord Mayor of London* 

That is, though not fo dubioafly or daintily on variety of 
coflly diihes, yet as comfoitably, as contentedly, according to 
the Rule, Satis eft quodfufficit^ Enough is as good as a feaft, 
and better than a iurfeit. 

As cU as Paul's, or as Payrs fieeple. 

Different a^-e the dates of the age thereof, becaufe it had 
two births or begipnings, one when it was originally co- 
founded by King Etbtlberty i^ith the body of the Church^ 
Anno 610; another wlie'n burnt with lightening, and after- 
wards rebuilt by the Biihops of London^ 1087. 

i7if /i (?»/f // /^r Rufnans hall. 

Weft-^.mihfteld (now tlic horic-market) ^ai formerly calle4 
(Continuer of Siow*s Annals) Ruffians-ball, where Rufiasis met 
cafually, and otherwife to xxy mai^eries with fword and buck* 

A loyal heart may be landed under Traitor's bridge. 

This is a bridge under which is an entrance into theTowerj 
over-againd Pink-gate, formerly fatal to thofe who landed 
there : there being a muttering that fuch never came forth a- 
live, as dying, to fay no worfe therein, without any legal 
trial. The Proverb importeth, diat pafiiye innocence, over- 
powered with adverfaries, nay be accufed without caufe, and 
diipofed at the pleafore of others. . - 

To caft water into the Thames. 

That isy tp give to them who had plenty before; which 
notwithftanding is the Dole general of the world. 

He muft take a boufe in Turn-again-Lane. 


This in old Record is called Wind'agaln-tane^ and lieth in 
thePari(h of St. SepuicJbreSf going down to FJeet'diub^ hsLving 
no exit at one end. it is ipoken of, and to thofe who take 
prodigal or other vicious and deftru6Uve couHes. 

He may whet his knife on the threjhold of the Fleet. 

The Fleet is a place notorjoufly known for a prifon, fo called 
from Flett-hroak running by it, to which many are committed 


^54 Prtrjerbs. 

Ibr tlieir contempts, more for their debts. The Prorerii ti 
4ipp1icaUe to fach v. ho nerer owed aught ; or having run tsto 
deot hare crept oat of it, fb that now they may trsamfban im 
boJtUot defy danger and anrfb, &c. 

jiU goetb down Gutter- lane. 

Gutter-Ume (the right fpelling whereof is Guthgrm-Lame, from 
Jiiip the once owner thereof) is a finall Lane (inhabited an- 
dently by gold-beaters) leading oat of Cheaffide^ Baft of ftf- 
tgr-Lane. The Proverb is applied to thofe, who fpend all is 
dmnkenneis and glattony, meer belly gods : Gutter being La- 
tin far the throat. 

As lame- as St. Giles's Cripplegate. 


Su Giles was by birth ap Athenian^ of noble extradtion hot 
quitted all for a iblitary life. He was vifited with lamen^ 
(whether nacnral or cafaal I know not) but the tradition goes; 
that he defired not to be healed thereof, for his greater m<m- 
iication. Cripplegate was fo called before the Conqaeft, from 
cripples begging of paflengers therein. 

This Proverb may ieem guilty of falfe heraldry, lamenefs 
on lamenefs $ and in common diicourfe is (poken rather merri- 
ly than moiirnfully of fadxy who for fome flight hart lag be- 
hind ; and ipmetimes is applied to thofe whb oot of lazi^ei^ 
counterfeit infirmity. 

You are all for the Holdings or Huttings. 

It is fpoken of thofe, who, by pride or paffion, are dated 
or mounted to a pitch above the due porportion of their birth, 
quality, or eftate. It cometh from HufiingSy the principal and 
higbeft Coi^rt in London (as alfo in fVincbefter^ Lincoln^ Tork^ 
&c.) fo called from the French word baul/er to raife or lift op. 


T!hey agree like the clocks of London. 

I iind this among both the French and Italian Proverbs foran 
inilance of difagreement. 

Who goes to Weftminfter for a wife^ to Paul's for a 

marly and to Smithfield/?r a horfe^ may meet with 

a whore y a knave ^ and a jade. 

Gray's Inn for walks^ Lincoln*s-/«»/(?r a wall^ 

The Inner-Temple /tfr agardenj and the Middle for 

a hall. Weftminfter. 

Proverbs. 25 J 

• ■ ■ . . . - . .,. ■ 

r^^HERE is no redemption from iitW. 

There is a place partly under, partly by the Exchequef 
chamber, commonly cdled Hell (I could wifh it had another 
name, feeing it is ill jefting with edg'd tools) formerly appoint* 
ed a prifon for the King's debtors, who never were freed from 

theiicej uatil they had paid their utmoft due. 


,/is long as Megg ^f »Wcftminftcr. 

' This M applied to perfons very tall, efpecially "if they iavi 
hopple height, wanting breadth proportionable. That th«z^ 
ever was fach a Giant- woman cannot be proved by any^ogd 
witnefs, I pafs not for a late lying Pamphlet, &c. 'vcdefis. He 
thinks it mi^t relate to a great gun lying in the Tower called 
long Meggj in troublefome times brought to Wefimnfi^^ 
«khere for fome- time it continued. 

T^TORFOLK dumplings. 

This refers not to the fbrture of their bodies ; but to the 
iare they commonly feed on and much delight in. 


.A Yarmouth Capon. 

That is, 2( red herring : m^re heiriijgi b^ng takaiCtbaiica'- 
pons bred here. So the halian Friars (when difpofed to eat 
Defti on Fridays) xall a. capon /^^av e cartB^ a %Stk oat of the 

He is arreted hy the Bayliff of Moihland. 

That is, clapp'd on the back by an .aguc» which is incident 
to ilrangers at nrft coming into tlus low, fenny, and aawhotf- 
fome Country. 

North Repps and South Repps are all of a bunch. 

Thefe are names ipf Fariihes lying dofe together. 

%$6 Promrbs^ 

There never was a Pafton /^^^ a Heydcn a cowari^ 
nor tf Cornwallis'tf fool. 


?ipHE Mayor of Northampton opens pyfiers -^itb 
,_ bis dagger. 

To keep them at a fufficieiit dUtaoce from his no(e. For 
this Town being eighty miles from the fea, fifh may well be 
prefumed ftale therein. Yet have I heard (faith the^Dofbv) 
that Oiflers put up with care, and carried in the cool, were 
ygfifkXy -brought freih and good to AUbrvp^ the Sionle of the 
Lord Sfiftcer at equal diftance : and it is no wonder, for I my- 
felf have eateo in IVanwickJbirej above eighty miles from Zmt* 
ikm, Oifters fent from that city, freih and good ; and they moft 
have been carried fome miles before they came there. 

He that would eat a outter'd faggot^ let bim go to 

I have heard that King James (honld fpeak this of New- 
market i but I am fure it may better be applied to- tfaisTown, 
the deareil in England for fuel, where no coals can come by 
water, and little wood doth grow on land. 

One Proverb there is of this County, which I wonder how 
Dr. Fuller ihcing native hereof, could mifs, unlefs perchance he 
did fludioufly omit it, as refieding difgrace on a Market-town 

Brackley breeds better to bang tban feed. 

BrackUy is a decayed Market town and borough in Nor- 
thamptonjhire^ not far from Banbyry^ which abounding with 
poor, and troubling; the country about with beggers, came 
into difgrace with its neighbours. I hear that now this place 
is getmn indufbious and thriving, and endeavours to wipe off 
this fcandal. 

Like Banbury tinkers that in mending one bole make 



Proverbs. 257 

• Nofthambcrland. 
ROM Berwick to Dover, three hundred miles 


That 18,. from one end of the knd to the other, parallel lo 
4hat Scriptare expreffion. From Dim to Beerfiftha. 

To takeHc&or's cloak. 

That is, to deceite a friend, who confideth in his faithful* 
T,e(s. When 7%mmx Firty^ Earl of Nortbumbertanelf Anno 
1569, was routed in the rebellion he had raifed againft Queen 
Elizdbeth, he hid bimfelf in the houfe of one He^r Armftrong 
of HarUtWi in thit Connty, having confidence he would be 
true to him* who notwithl^ding for money betrayed him to 
the Regent of Scotland. It was obfenrable, that HeSor htmg 
before a rich man fell poor o£ a fudden, and fo hated generally 
that he never durft go abroad, infomuch that the Proverb to 
take Heflor'ft ehak is continued to this day among them, in the 
- fenfe above mentioned. 

We will not lofe a Scot. 

That is, any thing how inconfiderable ibever that we can 
fave or recover. Dunn? the enmity between the two nations^ 
they had little efteem o^ and lefs affedionfbr a Stotcbmam in , 
the Ef^liftf border. 


A Scotti(h man and a UewcsLQilt grind/lone travel all 
the world over. 

The Sccts,zrt great travellers into foreign parts* mofi for 
maintenance^ many for accompUJbment, And Neiwcafili grind- 
ilones, being the befl in their kind, muft needs be carried far 
and near. 

. Jf they come they come not. 

and ' 
If they come not they come. 

The cattle of people living hereabout, ttimM into the com- 
mon pafture, did by cuftom uie to return to their home at 
• night, unlefs intercepted by the free-booters and bordereis. 
If therefore thofe Borderers came,* their cattle came not : If 
they came not, their cattle furely returned. 

S Notting* 

2^8 Prcverbs^ 

\ S "wife as a man of Gotham. 

It paiTcth for the Peripbrafis of a fool* and an Kufr- 
clrcd fopperies are feigned and fathered on the tawii't*ftlit of 
Gotham^ a village in this County. Here' two things may be 

1. Men in all ages have made themfelve» merry withfiag- 
ling out fome place, and fixing the ilaple of ftujpidity and 
fllolidity therein. So the Phrygians in Jfiut the Midmt4f in 
Thrace 9 and the Begotians in Greece, were notorious fbrdoifflen 
and blockheads. 

2. Thefe places, thus flighted and fcoffed at, afforded fome 
as witty and wife pcrfons as the world produced. So Detm- 
€rihu was an Abderite^ Plutarch a Baotiem, &c. Hence Jitvaal 
well concludes, 

Suntmos pojfe viros CsT magna exempla datnros^ 
Vervecum in patria craj/oque /nh etere na/ci. ' • 
As for Gotham it doth breed as wiie people as any, which 
caufelefly laugh at their limplicity. ^ure I am, Mr. WiOiam 
de Gothaniy fifth mailer of Michael- hou/e in Cambridge 1336, and 
"twice Chancellor of the univcrfity, was as grave a jgovemcr 
' as that age dj:d afford. Sapientum o^^vus. Her. 

J'he little fmith of Nottingham, 
JVho doth the ivork that no man can. 

Who this little fmhh and grezt *woriman was, and when he 
lived I know not, and have caufc to fufpedl, that this of Not- 
tingham is a Periph^.Jis of Ne?not »tk or a peribn who never 
was. By way of Sarca/m it is applied to fuch, who, being 
conceited of their own fkill, pretend to the atchievingof 


OUii'crc hern at Hogs- Norton. 

This is a village properly called Hocb-Nortcn^ .whoft 
inhabitants (it feems formerly) were fo ruilicai in thdr be- 
haviour, that boarifh and clownifh people are faid to be bom 
there. But whatever the people were, the name was enough 
to occ»'rlion fuch a Proverb. 

I • I 

Proverbs.. 259 ,w 

To take a Burford baiL 

This it fee^s is z, bait not to flay the ftomach, but to. loie • ^^ 
the wit thereby, as refolved at lafl into dronkenneis. 

Banbury vealj cbeefi and cakes.\ 

In the £«;^)(& edition .of Civm^s BritanmM it ixrai,tbrotigh 

the corrector's miit^fke^printed BoMimyi zeal, &c. fUuU Autanmmi . 

Oxford knives^ and London vmes, 

Tefions are gone to Oxford to fiudy in Brazen noC?. 

This began about the end of the reign of Kin? Hmy the 
eighth, atr fuch time as he debafed the coin, aim^ringofit 
wuh copper, (which common people confound with brais^) it 
continued 'till about the middle of Queen EUxale'thf who by, 
degrees called in all the adulterate coin. Tefione^nA our Eng^ 
lijh tefter come from the ttaUm /^a,fignifyingia head, becauie 
that money was ftamped with a head on one fide., Copftkk in 
high Dutch hath the lame fenie, /. e. Nummus cafitatuSf money 
with a head upoQ it. 

Send Verdingaks to Broad-gates in Oxford. 

For they were fo great, that the wearers could not enter 
(except going fidelong) at any ordinary door. Though they ^ 
have oeen long difufed m England^ yet the fafhion of them is 
ftill well enough known. They are lifed ftill by the Sfamjh ' 
women, and the Italian living under the Spanifi dominion* 
and they call them by a napie fignifying cover-infant ; becaufe 
they were firft brought into ufe to hide great bellies. Of the 
name Ferdingal I nsve opt met with a good, that is, true 
Etymology. ' ' ^ 



Dra$ton\ Pplyolbion. 
UTLAND Raddleman. 

That is, perchance Rgddhman^ a Trade and that a poor 
one only in this County, whence'men bring on their backs % 
pack of red flones of oker, which th^y fell to their neighbour* 
ing Countries for the marking of fheep. ^ 

Stretton in tbeftreet^ where Jhrrd!)5 meet. 
An Uppingham irember. 

S 2 Shrop* 


5i6d Prwerbs. 


E that fetcheft ^ wife from Shrcwfbuiy mufl 
carry her into Staffordlhirc, or elfe befball tive 
in Cumberland. 

'The/i^/r W/V of this vulgar Proverb^ confifltng ktdf ia 
fimilitude of foaad> uYcarce worth the infbrting. 


^ /^H was bore at Taunton Dean, where fhotdi 
V^ lie bore elfe. 

That i» a parcel of ground round ^bodt Taunienvtrf plea- 
fant and popalous (conuining many Parishes) and fo fruitful^ 
tp ufe their own phrafe, with the Zun and the Zoil alone, that 
it needs no manuring at all. The peafantry th^rfcin are m 
rude as rich^ and fo hTghly conceited of their OWn Coantiy, 
that they conceive it a difparagemeht (o be born la aiL]^ other 

^he beggers of Bijth. 

. Many in that place ; fome natives there, others repairing 
thither from all parts of the land, the poor for almt^ the pain- 
ed for eafe. 

Briilol milk. 

. That is, Sherry-fack, which is the entertainnxent-otcourie, 
which the courteous Briftolians prefent to ftrangers^ when£^ft 
viiiting their city. 

Camden's Britannia, in this County. 

N April Dove's floods 
Is worth a King^s good. 


Dovi is a river parting this and Derhyjhire^ which when it 
over-flows its banks in April is the Nilus of Sujfbrdjbire, much 
battling the meadows thereof. v 


Prwifbs. 261 


Idim ihHem. 

Wotton under Weaver* 
Habere God came never ^ 

This profane Proverb, it feems» took iM wicked original 
Irom theifituation of Wtatw^ covered with hills from the Tight; > 
of the Sun, a difmal place, at report reprefents it. 


^he Devil run through thee booted andfpumtd^ with 
a fey i he en his back. 

This is Sedgely curfe. Mr* Howth 

QUFFOLK milk. 

This was one of the ftaple commoditits of the land of' 
Canaan^ and certainly moil wholefome for man's body, be- 
caufe of God's own choofing for his own people. No County 
in EngUuid affords better and fweeter of this kind, lying op- 
polite to Holland in the Nitlnrlafidst where is the bed dairy in 

Su fFolk fair maids ^ 

It feems the God of Nature hath been boontiful in giving 
them beautiful complexions ; which I am willing to' believe, 
fo far forth as it iixeth not a comparative diiparagement on 
the fame fex>in other places. 

Tou are in the high-way to Ncedham. 

NeeJbam \i a market-town in this county-; according to the 
.wit of the vulgar, they are faid to be in the high-way thither, 
which do baften to poverty, 

Bccclcs/?r a puritan^ Bungey /(?r the poor^ 
Halefworth /cr a drunkard^ and Bilborough /(;r a 

Between Cowhithe. and merry Caffingland, 
The Devil Jbit Benacte, look where itftands. 

It feems this place is infamous for its bad fituation. 

S3 Surrey 

a62 Previrh. 


THE vale of Holms-dale 
Was never wctn^ never JbalL 

This proverbial rhyme hath one partof hiftoiy,theodien 
of prophecy. A% the firil is certainly antnie, fi> the fecond it 
frivolous, and not to be heeded by fober perions, as neither 

any other of the like nature. 


Chichefter fo*>?^, a StlkjcockUn tfff Arundel 
mullein a Pulborough eeU an Ambcrley trtmi^ 
a Rye berringy a Bourn wheat-ear. 

Are the beft in their kind, undcrftand it of thofe that are 
taken in this country. 




ET Utcr Pendragon do what he can^ 
The river Eden will run as it ran. 

Parallel to that Latin verfe. 

Naturam expellas furcd licet ufque recurrtt. 
^ Tradition reporteth, that liter Pendragon had adefign to for- 
tify the caftleof Pendragonin this County. In order whereto, 
with much art and induftry, he invited and tempted the river 
Eden to forfake his old channel, but all to no purpofe. 

As crafty as a Kendale/c?Ar. 


T is done fecundum ufum Sarum. 

This Proverb coming out of the Churcl* hath (ince en- 
larged itfelf into a civil ufe, fignifying things done withexa^l- 
nefs, according to rule and precedent. 0/mvnd Bifhop of Sa- 
rum, pboutthe year 1090, made that Ordinal or OfHce,which 
was generally received all over the land, fo that Churches 
thencefon\'ard eafily underHood one another, (peaking the fame 
wofds in their Liturgy. 


Proverbs. s6% 

Salilbury plain isfeUom without afbiefcr twain. 


ROM Hell, HuU, tf»/ Halifax detiver 


This IS a part of the beggers and vagrants Lkany«. Of 
thefe three frightful things unto theiti, it is to be feared-, that- 
they leaft fear the firft, conceiting it the fartheft from them. . 
HuU is terrible to them as a town of good government, where 
heggQTS meet with punitive charity, and it is to be feared are 
oftener corrected than amended. Halifax is formidable for the 
law thereof, whereby thieves taken hrecuU^vpUf in the very a6t 
of ftealing cloth, are inftantly beheaded witli. an engine,with« 
out any further legal proceedings. , DouBtlefs the coincidence 
of the initial letters of thefe thred words ^elp'd much the fet* ' 
ting on foot this Proverb. ' 

yf Scarborough warning. 


That is, nore all but a fudden furprlfe, when a mifchief is ' 
felt before it is fufpefted. This Proverb is but of an hundred 
and four years Handing, taking its original Uom Tbofnas Staf^ 
fordt who in the reign of Queen Mary^ Zinno 1 5 C 7* with a imall 
company feized on Scarhorcugh q,^\c (utterly deftitnte of pro- 
vifion for refinance) before the Townfmen*had theleaft notice 
of his approach. However, within iix days by the induftry 
of the Earl of Weftmoreland^ he was taken, brought to L^ndon^ 
and beheaded, ^c. vide. 

As true ft eel as Rippon rowels. 

It is faid of trufty perfons, men of metal, faithful in their 
employments. Rippon in this County is a Town famous for 
the he^/purs of England, whofe rowels may be enforced to 
ftrike through a IhilUng, and will break foontr th^ bow* 

ji Yorldhirc way-bit^ 

That is, an overplus not accounted in the reckoning, which 
fometimes proves as much as all the reft. A(k a country-man^ 
how many miles it is to fuch a Town, and he will return 
commonly fo many miles and a nvit^'hit. Which iven-lnt is 
enough to make £he wearyTravcllcr furfeit of the length there- 
of. But it is not tway-bit though generally fo pronounced, but 
nvee-litf a pure Torkjbirifm^ which is a fmall bit in the Nor- 
thern language. 

S 4 Mtrry 


» ■» ',..- 

26j(i Proverbs. 

Merry Wakefield. 

What peculiar caofe of mirth thi» Town hatli above othfliSf 
I do not know and dare not too curioafly^nquirc. Sore iti^ 
fcatedlif \ fruitful foil and ch««P cbanixy, ami vlwre|;iwi|^. 
chear and company are the premiues, mirth (in 0091119011 Mi^ 
fequence) will be the conclufion. * 

Pendfc, Inglcborough «»</ Pcnigentt ' "* ,' 

^re $he three bigbejl bills between Seo^nd mii 
Trent. . 

And which is more common in the mouths of t!ie Tillw. ^ 

Pcndle, Pcnigent, anii Inglcboroujgh, 

Are the tbree bigbeft bills aU England tb^r^b^ 

Thefe three hills are in fight of each other, Ptndk on the 
edge of Lancq/hire Penigent^ and J^gUkoroi^b near SfttU m 
fork/hire^ and not far from JVefimorelani* Tncfe three arp ia- " ' 
deed the lugheii hills in Englandi not compr^hendii^ jF^iir* . 
But in fVaUs I think ^ff^xu^n^ CaderidrU and FUmftimmM V$-\ 
higher, r . . * 

If Brqyton hargb, tf«i Hamblcton bougb^ and Bur- • 

ton bream^ 
Were all in tby belly it would never be team. 

It is fpoken of a covetous and infatiab!e perfon, whom no* 
thing will content. Brayton and Hamhktan and Bartpfi are 
places between Camwood and Pontefrad in this County. Bra^fn 
Bargb is a fmali hill in a plain Country covered with wood. - 
Barghf in the Northern dialedl,i6 properly a horfe-way up a 
^eei^ hilly though here it be taken for the hill itfclf, 

Wben Dighton is puWd down^ ' 

Hull Jhall become a great Town. 

This is rather a prophecy than a Proverb. DJghtaH is a , 
fmall Town not a mile diflanr from Hull, and was in the time 
of the late wars for the moH part pull'd down. Let AJ/make 
the bell they can of it. 



Cleveland- in the chy^.. . - 

Bring in two foles and carry one away. ^ 

Cleveland is that part of Y^rkjbire^ which borders witt\ the 
Biihoprick of Durhani^ j^hertUie wajrs in wiaCttr ttnid urn- 
very ft)ul an4 deep. \ * 

fn>en Shc^l4 Park is pifljvid find fo^n^ 

Tiffi littie]^i;ighndbpfd:fffi^ own. , .^ 

It hath i)eea jdow'id aii4row|i thefe fix or /even years* ^ 

Tou have eaten fome Hull ^i&^^- 

. . . .» 

/• fii^ Ar<:i 4r^n{c» Hull is famous fof^ ili^opg Alt. 

/Fi^ri/ <7// /i&^ world Jhall be aloft ^ 
Then Hallam.fhirc^^//i^ Go(Ps croft. 
Wihkabank and Temple brough, 
Will buy all England through and through. 

Winkabank is a wood upon a hill near ^i&^A/ where there 
are fome remainders of aii old Qzmif^Temple brough flands be* 
tween the Rather and the Don^ about a quarter of a mile from 
the place where thefe two rivers meet. It is a fqnare plat of 
ground encompafled by two. trenches, JSelden often enquired 
for the ruins of a (emjpe of the god 7$ori pihich he faid was 
near Rotherham. This probably might be |t^ «f we allow the 
name for any argvteent } beitdes there is a Fool nor far from 
it called Jerdon-dam, wnich name feeiaifl to be compounded of 
Jor, one of the names of the god fW, aQ4 lion the name of 
the river. 

Mifccllancous local Proverbs. 

Dunmow bacon and Doncaftcr daggers^ 
Monmouth caps and Lemfter woolly 
Derby ale and London beer. 

There is a current ftory, that the Prior and convent of. 
Dunmonu^ were obliged by their Charter, to give a Flitch of 
Bacon to any man, who, coming with his wife, ihould depofe 
both of them that they had been married a twelve-month, and 
neither of them had at apy time repented. 




You may Tip up the Severn and fwallow Jt^ivtfs s' 

Little England beyond ffales, i. e. Pemhrokejhirt. , 

Little London beyond Pt^ales, $. e. Beaumaris io the 
Iflc of Anglefejt both fo called becaulc the inha* 
bitants fpeak good EngUJh : indeed in Pembrokt- 
Jhire many of the people can fpeak no H^eljb. 

There's great doings in the Norih when they bar 
their doors with tailors. 

There's great ftlrring in the Nerlb when old wiyei 
ride fcout. 

Three great evils come out of the North, 

A cold wind^a cunning knaTe,and a fhrinkuigclotb> 

( 267) 

Proverbs communicated by Mr. Andrew 
Pafchall, ^ Chedfey, in Somerfet- 
(hire ; which came not, to hand ^tiU 
the copy of the fecond Edition was de^ 
liver ed to the Bookfeller^ andfo could 
not he referred to their proper places. 

STEAL the horfe, and carry home the bridle. 
What are you good for ? to ftop bottles ? 
^rU not pin my faith on your flecvc. 
A fine new nothing. 
What wind blew you hither ? 
As nimble as a cow in a cage. 
Set a cow to catch i hare. 
Is the wind in tliac corner ? ; 

I'll watch your water. .; 

One's too few, three too many. 
He put a fine feather in my cap. 

/. e. Honour without profit. 

All Ilchejler is Goal, fay prifoners there. 

/. r. The people hard-hearted. Sonur/, 

The Bird that can fing and will not fing muft be 
made to fing. 

After a lank comes a bank ; 

Said of breeding wom^n. 


a68 Proverbs^ 

There or thereabouts, as Parfon Smith (ays. 

Proverbial about Dunmow in EJfex. 
I wipM his nofe on't. \ 

To-morrow come never. 
Choak up, the Church-yard's nigh. 
Sow or fet beans in Candlemas waddI(^ 

. /• /. Wane of the moon. Somerfit. 

You ^e, right for the firft miles. 

Eat thy meat and drink thy drink, and ftand thy 

ground old Harry. Somerfet. 
BIqw out the marrow and throw the bone to the 


A taont to fach as aire troubleibme by blowing their noia. 

*Twcre well for your little belly if your guts were 

Murder will out. 

This is remarkably true of marder however fecrctly afled, * 
bat it is applied alfp to the difcovery of any fanlt. 

To put out the miller*s eye. 

Spoken by good houfewivei when they have wet their meat 
for bread or pafte too much. 

As your wedding-ring wears you cares will wear 

away. Somerfet. 
She ftamps like an Ewe upon yeaning. Somerfet. 
Pinch on the Parfon's fide. 
As old as Glafton-hury tqrre. Somerfet. 

This torre, i. #. tower, {o called from the Latin Turriff (lands 
uppn a round hill in the midft of a level, and may be ^en far 
off. It feemed to me to have been the Heeple of a church that 
had formerly flood upon that hill, though now fcarce any 
footfleps of it remain. 

On CandlemaS'dzy throw candle and candleftick 

away. Somerfet. 
Shwc and (bare alike, fome all, forue nc*cr a white. 


Proverbs^ ,. 269 

To help at a dead lift. 
I To water a ftakc. 

As welcome as water into one's Ihoes. 

March birds arc beR. 

I will not want when I have and when I han't toow 

Somerfet. ^ 

Sp many frofts in March io many in Mtfy. 
^Tis year'd. Spoken of a defptrate debt. 
The fnite need not the woodcock betwite. Somrfct. 
You (hall have the Whetftone. * 

s Spoken to him that tells a He* 

You have no more (heep to Ihfear. Somirfetn 

That's a dog-trick. 

You (hall have the baiket. Taunton. 

Said to the journeyman that is envied for pleiafittghir 

You are as fine as- if you had a whiting hanging at 

; your fide, or girdle. 

yjpril cJing good for nothing* Samerfet* 

You mult go into the country to bear what news ac 

! Twill not be why for thy. S$merfct. 

Of a bad bargain or great lofs for little profit. 

The lamentation of a bad market. 
The chicken crams the capon. Somerfet. 
I have viftualled my camp (filled m^ belly.) 
Parfley fried will bring a man to his faddkt'and t 
woman to her grave. 


I know not the reafon of this Proverb. Parfley was wont to 
be eftecmed a very wholefome herb, however prepared, o»lyr 
by the ancients it was forbidden them that had tne falliagfi'ck- 
nefs, and modern experience hath foundit to be bad for theeyes. 

ril make you know your driver. Somerf. 

I'll vcafe thee, (1. e. hunt^ drive thee.) Somerfet. 

Better untaught than ill taught. 


ityo Prtrtierbs. 

•Tis along of your tjtt^ the crows might Iwfe 

belpM it whey[i you were young. 
Quick apd nimbic, 'twill be your own andclfef diy. 

In fonifi pliQes they hj in dK^Uery; ^ek mtd Nikih, 
like a bear than a fqoicreL 

Upon St. David^s day pucx)ats and barley, ia t^dqf; 

With us it is accounted a little too early to torn tall/ 
(which is a tender grain) in the beginning of MarcA* 

Be patient and you fliall have patient 

Too hot to hold. Moderata Mrant. 

Talk is bAt talk, but 'tis money buys landc 

You cry before you arc hurt. 

Cradle-ftraws are fcarce out of hisBreqch^ ^ 

God fend me a friend that may tell me my-£iaks; 

if not, an enemy, and to be iure he wilL^ • 
He is a fool that is not melancholy once a day. 
He frets like gum'd tafFaty. 
You fpcak in clufters, you were begot in nuttiog. 
He'll turn rather than burn. 
I never faw it but once and that was at a weddtdg. 
Hang him that hath no fhift, and him that hadi.ooe 

too many. 
How doth your whither go you ; (your wifi) 
Farewell and be hang'd, friends muft part. 
What (he wants in up and down (he hath in round 

He's ftcel to the back. 
A man every inch of him. 
Cut off the head and tail, and throw the reft away. 
To play faft and loofe. 
You are mope-ey'd by living fo long a maid. 
Your horns hang in your light. 
What do you come or fend. 


Proverbs. ifi 

Look to the Cow, and the Sow, and the WJhcat- 
mow, and all will be well enow. Somerfit." 

Better have it than hear on*t. 

Here's to our friends, and hang up the reft of our 

Do, jeer poor folks, and fee how 'twill thrive. 

You love to make much of naught. ; (yourjelf.) 

in the fhoe-maker*s ftocks. 

Neck or nothing. 

They two are band and glove* Somerfef.. 

They love like chick^ Somerfet. 

To give one the go-by. 

ril not play with you for fhoe-buckks. 

God make you an honefter map than youriather. 

One may wink and choofe. 

Want goes by fuch an one's door. Sonnrfiti 

Maids want'nothing but hulbands, and when thef 
have them they want every thing. Som. 

Often to the water often to the utt^. {of limim,} 

Beware him whom God hath marked. 

Moft take all. 

A Somerton ending. , Somerf. 

i. t. When the diffierence between two it difidccL 



Truth fears no colours. 

Never good that mind their belly fo much. 

Old head and young hands. Somerfet. 

Lend and lofe, fo play fools. 

Caft not thy cradle over thy head. 

The dunder clo gaily [afixight] the btiuu. 

Somerf, Beans (lioot up fkft after thiinder«fiomif . - 

"Wheat will not have two praifes. (Summer md, 

Ifjlze cinque will not, and duce ace cannot, then 

quaere trey mull. 

The middle fort bear public burthens, tuoei^ Ac vtoft. 


ttj% Proverbk 

Dmxfiidmj^Jlimt tifia cinfimfdoire 

Take all «nd pay the baker* 
iHevtt figh bat fend. ; 

My fon, buy no ftocks. Good counfel ai "GllA* 
There's neSirci* a i*ily but tfrefref'5 a Wh<^d>W. 
Sjiertd ftet fwhcm you" ftfiy fiVC ; fpaftf ndt wfctfl 

you muft fpend. L 

Lifteners feldom hear good of thettliSilvdi. ' 
Where thtr^ h whifpdrtng there is lyit%V 
Happy is the Bridethe Sun ikittes bA, alfd (he CATpft 

the Ram r^ins on. - 

By fits and girds, ai an ague fakes a godfe. 

Wffl jrdu -ftbf) [or bite] off my nttfti ? 

You will tell another tdie When yoU atff tHied. . 

You eit iibdve the tongjue like i ealf. 

Reeipe fcribe, -fcribc fofvt. '/ , * 

^ AgDodmleibr ftfcwairds* 

He needs a "bird that gives a groat for an* oivL 

You go as if nine men held you. 

Under the furze is hunger and cold ^ 

Under. the broom is filver and gold. 

Nine tailors make but one man. 

I am loth to change my mill. Somerfet. 

u f. Eat of ahother dilh. 

Your horfe caft a (hoe. 

To bit over the thumbs. 

Win at*firft' and lofe at laft. 

HeV bear it away, if it be not too hot or too 

heavy. Spoken of a pilferer. 
fifickledy pickledy, one among another. 

We have in our language many the like conceited rh)miiig 
words or reduplications, to fignify any confufion or mix- 
ture, as hurly burly, hodge podge, mingle mangle, arfy ver- 
iy, kim kaih, hub bab> crawly mauly, hab nab. 


Proverbs 1 27^ 

Londoner-Yikt as much more as you will take. 

So got lb gone. 

Oylters are not good in a month that hath not 

an R. in it. 
I lo'^ thee like pudding, if thou wertpye I would 

eat thee. 
Here's nor rhyme nor reafon. 

This brings to rain J a ftory of Sir Thomas More^ who, being 
by the Author afk'd his judgment of an impertinent book» 
widi'd him by all means to put it into verie^and bring it him 
again ; which done. Sir Thomas looking upon it faith, yea now 
it is foroewhLt like, now it is rhyme, before it was neither 
rhyme nor reafon. 

Take all and pay 2II. 

A penny faved is a penny got. 

A lifping lafs is good to kils. 

When the (houldcr of mutton is going 'tis good 

to take a flice. 
Make the vine poor anJ it will make you rich. 

{prune off Us branches.) 
Not a word of Penfants. 
You may if you lift but do if you dare. 
Set trees poor and they will grow rich, kz them 

rich and they will grow poor. Remove ihem 

always out of a more barren into a fatter foil. 
No cut to unkindncfs* 
A good faver is a good ferver. Somerfet. 
To flip one's neck out of the collar. 
I will keep no more cats than will catch mice. (f.r. no 

more in family than will earn their living. Sowurf. 
Blimi-man*s holy-day. 
If you would a good hedge have^ carry the leaves 

to the grave. 
As yellow as the golden noble. 
As good be hang'd fof an old Iheep as a young 

lamb. Somerfei. 
She loves the poor well, but cannot abide beggjerv 

Scmerfei. {of freiemkrsU dk^iff) } 

t74 Proverbs. 

You put Tt together witK an hot Medle and bunt 

Like a loader's hoxk that lives among thieves;> ' 

(The country -man near a t(ywH») Som. 

Apples, pears, hawthorn-quick, oak, fet them at 
Allhcllontide and command them to iMX)fper, fee 
them at Candlemas and intreat them to grow. . 

^Tis good {heltering under an old hedge. 

Let not the child fleep upon bones. Stmtrfet. 

i. i. The norfe's hp. 

The more Moors the better viftory. 

No man hath a worfe friend than he brings front 

Defend me and fpend me. (faith the Irifli eburl) 
To fear the lofs ot the bell more than the lofs of 

the fteeple. 
Nab me, rll ftab thee. 
He hath a confcience like a Cheverel's flcin. 

(That will ftrctch) A Chcvcrcl is a wild goat. Somer/. 

If you touch pot you muft touch penny.. SomtrJ. 

(Pay for what you have.) 

He hath a fpring at his elbow, (fpcken of a Gamefier. 
Pull not out your teeth but with a leaden inftrument. 
IVhen^i^/w'spitclier's broken I Ihall have theflieards. 

fim f. Kindnefs after others have done with it ; or refufe.) 

A child's bird and a boy's wife are well ufed« Sonu. 

Be it weal or be it wo, 

Bearw^ blow before May doth go. 

Little mead little need. Somerf 

(A mild winter hoped for after a bad fammer.) 

A good tithcr a good thriven Scmerfct. 


Pnverbsm 2yg 

Who marries between the fickle and the fey the 

will never thrive. 
She will as foonpart with thccrock as the porridge. 

You will have the red cap. Somerfit. 

(Said to a marriage-maker.) 

Let them buckle for it. Som^rfet. 

She is as crufty as that is hard bak*d. Somerfet. 

(One that is furly and loth to do any thing.) 

Money is wife, it knows its way. Somerfet. 

Says the poor man that muft pay as foon as he receiver* 

After L'7mmas corn ripens as much by night as by 

If vou will have a cjood cheefe and have'n old* 

you muft turn'n feven times before he is cold. 

He is able to bury an Abbey, {a fpeudtbrift.) 
When elder's white brew 9/id bake a pc^ck ; 
When elder's black brew and bake a fack. Som:rf 
More malice than matter. Somerf 
He builds cages for oxen to bring up birds in. — ► 

* ( Vifproportionable. ) 
Where there is ftore of oatmeal you may put 

enough in the crock \pot.\ Somerfet, 
He that hath morefmocks thanjhirts in a buckings had 

need be a man of good fort-looking, Chaucer. 
You never fpeak but your mouth opens. 
The charitable gives out at the door and God puts 

in at the window. 
All the kavers you can lay will not do it-. Somerf 
Hampfhipe ground requires every day of the week 

a Ihower of rain, and on Sunday twain. 
As cunning as captaiti Drake. 

T 2 Let 

«76 Pr(rjer6s4 

Let him hang by the heels. Somerfet. 

(Of a man that dies in debt : His wife leaving all at hb ' 
deatihy crying his goods in three, markets and three Pariih 
Churchesy is fo free of all his debts ) 

He is ready to leap over nine hedges. 

She look'd on me as a cow on a baftard calf. Somerf. 

I will wa(h my hands and wait upon vou. 

The death of wives and the life of fheep make 

men rich. 
jiprii fools. (People fent on idle errands^) 
After a famine in the ftall. 

Conies a famine in the hall. Somerfel. 
U^elUngion round-heads. 

Proverbial in Taunton for a violent fanadck. 

None fb .old that he hopes not for a year of life. 
The young are not always with their bow bent. 

• 14 e. Under rule. 

To catch two pidgeons with one bean. 
Every honcft miller hatha golden thumb. 

'they reply t None but a cuckold can fee it. Somer/et. 

In wiving and thriving a man fhould take couafel 

of all the world. 
'Tis good gVafting on a good (lock. 
The eye is a ihrew. 
To meafurc the meat by the man. 

(i. e. The meflage by the meffenger. 

He fuck*d evil from the dug. 

They are fo like that they are the worfc for it. 

Out of door out of debt. SomerfsL 

Of one that pays not when once gone. . 


Proverbs. 2jy 

Words may pafs, but blows fall heavy, Sm0 

Poverty breeds ftrife. Somerfet. 

Every gap hath it^s bu(h. 

A dead woman will have four to carry her forth. 

King Henry robb*d the church, and died a begger. 

To take the bird by it's feer. 

The hogs to the honey-pots. 

Their milk fod over. 

He hath good cards to (heWr 

'Tis beft to take half in handand the reft by and by, 

(The tradefman that is for ready money.) 

To heave and theave. Somerfet. 

(The labouring huihandinan.) .*..'., ^^ 

Here is Gerard's Bailiff, work or you ftluft die 

with cold. Somerfet. 
Come every one heave a pound. Somerfeh 
As fond as an Ape of a whip. Somerfet. 
You make the better fide the woHe. Somerf. 

Northern Proverbs communicated by 
Mr. Francis Brokefby, of Rowky, 
in Yorkfliire. 

AS blake [/. e. yellow.] as a paigle. 
He'll never dow [/. e. begocd\ egg nor bird. 
As flat as a flaun, ;'. e, a cujtard. 
ril foreheet [;. e. predetermine] nothing but build- 
ing Churches and louping over them. 
Mecterly [indijfferently] as maids are in fairnefs. 
Weal and women cannot pan, /. e* clofe together. 
But woe and women can.' 

T 3 Scottish 

[ 278 } 

K • 

Scott IS hProVerss. 


■ * 

ALL things have ab^ginniing (Cod «ecpttd.> 
A good beginning makes a good .ending. 
A flothful man is a begger*s brother/ 
A vai)ntiir.and a liar is both one thing. . 
All is not tint that is in peril. 
AH is not in hand chat; helps. 
A toom purfe makes a bleat merchant. 
As long runs the fox as he feet ^ath. 
A hafty man never wanted wo, 
A wight man never wanted a weapon* 
A fooFs bolt is foon Ibot. 

A given horfe fliould not be looked in the teeth. 
A good aflcer (honid have a good nay-fay. 
A deaf fhip ftands long in the havert. 
An oleit Another makes a fweir daughter, 
A carlefs hufly makes mony thieves. 
A liar Ihould have a good memory. 
A black ihoe makes a blithe heart. 
A hungry man fees far. 
A filly bairne is eith to lear. 
A half-penny cat may look to the King. 
A greedy man God hates. 
A proud heart in a poor bread, he's meikle dollour 

to dree. 
A fcald man's head is foon broken. 

ScoUiJIj Proverbs. tj^ 

A fcabbit (heep files all the flock* 

A burnt biirne fire dreads, 

Auld men are twice bairnes. 

A trarlcr is worfc than a thief. 

A borrowed len fhogld come lavighing hame./ 

A blithe heart makes a blomand vifage. 

A year a nurilh, fcven years a daw. . 

An unhappy man*6 cairt is eith to tumble. 

An old hound bites fair. 

A fair bride is fqon bulk'd» ^f^^ ^ ihiort horfe (bon 

As good haud as draw* 
A man that is warned, is half armed. 
An ill win^penny will caft down n pound. 
All the corn in the cojuntry is not (horn by pratjer^. 
Ane begger is wae tha|: another be the gate gae. 
A travelled man hath leave to lie. . * 

Ane ill word meets another, anid it were at the 

bridge of London. 
A hungry loufe bites fair. 
A gentle horfe would not be over fair fpurrcd, 
A friend's dinner is foon dight. 
An ill cook wald have a good claver. 
A good fellow tintnever,but at an tU fcllow*s hand. 
At open doors, dogs comeJn. 
A word before is worth two behind. 
A ftill fow eats all the draflf. 
A dumb man holds all. 
All fails that fools thinks. 
A wooll-fcller kens a wooU-buyer. 

All fellows. Jack and the Laird. 

As the fow fills, the draft' fowres. 

A full heart lied never. 

As good merchant tynes as wins. 

All the fpcid is in the fpurs. 

As fair grepts the bairne that is dung afternoon, 

^s he that is dung before noon. 
An ill life, an ill end. 

T 4 Anes 

ftSo ScottiJJj Proverbs. 

Anes wood, never wife, ay the worfc. 

Anes pay it never crave it. 

A good rufer was never a good rider. 

All the keys in the country hangs not at ane belt. 

A duxnb man wan never land. 

As foon comes the lamb's flcin to market, as the 

old fheep's: 
As many heads as many wits. 
A blind man ihould not judge of colours. 
As the old cock craws, the young cock Irares. 
A fkabbed horfe is good enough for a fcald fqtiirc. 
A mirk mirrour is a man's mind. 
As meikle up with, as meikle down with. 
An ill (hearer gat never a good hook. 
A tarrowing bairne was never fat. 
A good cow may have an ill calf. 
A cock is croufe in his own midding. 
A new biflbme foupes clean. 
As fair fights wrancs as cranes. 
A yelt fow was never good to gryfes. 
As the carle riches he wretches. 
A fool when he lies fpoken hes all done. 
An old feck craves meikle clouting. 
An old feck is ay fkailing. 
A fair fire makes a room fiet. 
An old knave is na bairne. 
A good yeaman makes a good woman. 
A man hath no more good than he hath good of. 
A fool may give a wife man a counfel. 
A man may fpeir the gate to Roms, 
As long lives the merry man as the wretch for all 

the craft he can. 
All wald have all, all wald forgive. 
Anc may lead a horfe to the water, bur four and 

twenty cannot gar him drink. 
A bleat cat makes a proud moufe. 
An ill willy cow fhould have (hort liorns. 
A good piece of ftcil is worth a penny. 

A fliored 

A fliorcd tree ftands lang. 

A gloved cat was never a good hunter. 

A gangand foot is ay getting, an it we e but a thorn^ 

All is not gold that glitters. 

A fwallow makes nqt fummerorlprin^-time. 

A man may fpit on his hand and do full ill. 

An ill fcrvant will never be a good matter. 

An hired horfe tired never, 

All the winning is in the firft buying. 

Anuch [enough J is a feafl (of bread andcljeife.) 

A horfe may ftumble on four htt. 

All thing wytcs that well not faircs. 

AH things thrive but thrice. 

Abfence is a ftiroe. 

Auld fin new fhame. 

A man cannot thrive except his. wife let him. 

A bairne mon creep or he gang. 

As long as ye ferve the tod,ye man bear up his tail. 

All overs are ill, but over the water. 

A man may wooe where he will, but he will wed 

where he is weard. 
A mean pot [where feveral (hare in it] plaid never 

evin. . 
Among twenty-four fools not ane wife man. 
Ane man*s meat is another man*s poifon. 
A fool will notgive hishable for the tower of Z,^/ri^» 
A foul foot makes a full weam. 
A man is a lion in his own caufe. 
A hearty hand to give a hungry meltith, 
A cumberfome cur in company, is hated for his 

A poor man is fain of little. 
An anfwer in a word. 
A beltlefs bairne cannot lie. 
A yule feaft may be quat at Pafche. 
A good dog never barketh bout a bone. 
A full feck will take a clout on the fide. 
An ill hound comes-halting home. 


282 Scotiijh Prwirhs. 

All things help (quod the Wren) when ffic piflied j» 

the. fea. 
All cracks, all beares. 

A houndlefs man comes to the bed hunting. 
All things hes an end and a pudding has twa. 
All is well that ends well. 
As good hads the Ilirrep, as he that loups on*' 
A begun work is half ended. 
A Scottijb man is ay wife behind the band. 
A new (bund, [per onomatop.\ in an old horn. 
As broken a Ihip hes come to land. 
As the fool thinks, ay the bell clinks. 
A man may fee his friend need, but he will not 

fee hini bleed. 
A friend is not known but in need. * 
A friend in court is better nor a penny in the purfe. 
All things is good unfeyed. 
A good goofc indeed, but (he hes an ill gander. 
All are not maidens that wears bair hair. 
A machc and a horfe-fhoe are both alike. 
Airlie crooks the tree that good cammok (hotild be. 
An ounce of mothers wit isworth apound of clergy* 
An inch of a nag is worth the fpan of an arer. 



BETTER fit idle than work for nought. 
Better learn by your neighbour's fkaith nor 
by your own. 
Better haif an egg nor an empty (hell. 
Better apple given nor eaten. 
Better a dog fan nor bark on you. 
Bodin [offer'd] geir (links, 
Bourd t jeft] neither with me, nor \fri\i my honoisr. 
Buy when I bid you. 
Better late thrive than never. . 
Better hand loufe than bound to an ill baikine. 
Better lang little nor loon right nought* 


Saittijh Proverbs. 2B3 

Better give nor take. - r. ^ 

Better bide the cookes nor the mediciners. 
Better faucht with little aucht, nor care with mapy 

Bring a cow to the hall, and Ihe will to the byre 


Bear wealth, poverty will bear itfcjf- i 

Better good fale nor good ale. * . 

Better wooe over middicg nor over mQ($..^. , . - 

Blaw the wind never fo fail it will lower at the Jaft. 

Bind faft, find faft. 

Better auld debts nor auld faires*. • / . . , 

Better a fowl in hand nor two flying. 

Better fpaire at the breird nor at the bottom. 

Bind the feck before it be full. 

Better be well loved nor ill won geir. 

Better finger off nor ay warking. 

Better rew fit, nor rew flit. 

Bourd not with bawty, fear left he bite you. 

Better fay. Here it is, nor hercitDras'.r ' " '^ 

Better .plays a full weamb, nor a -new coat. /' 

Better be happy nor wife. • ^ ^ 

Better happy to court, nor gjood icrvice. 

Better a wir bought, nor twa for nought. 

Better bow nt)r break. 

Better two feils, nor ane forrow. • '^ 

Better bairnes greit nor bearded men. .. ;- 

Betwixt twa ftools the arfe falls down.- ; 

Better na ring nor the ring of a rulh. : ^ 

Better hold out nor put out. • 

Better fit ftill, nor rife and get a fall. 

Better leave nor want. . ' 

Better unborn nor untaught. 

Better be envied nor pitied. 

Bettera littlefirethatwarms,nor ameildethatburnsu 

Be the fame thing that thou wald be cald. 

Black will be no other hew. 

Beauty but bounty avails nought. 


284 Scottijh PrGverbs. 

Beware of had I wift. 

Better be alone nor in ill conipany. 

Better a thigging mother, nor a ryding father. 

Before I wein and now I wat, 

Bonnie filver is foon fp^endit. 

Better never begun nor never cndit. 

Biting and fcratching is Scotsfolks wooing. 

Breads houfe (kiald never. 

Baimes mother burft never. 

Bannoks [a tharfecalce oat bread] is better than na 

kin bread. 
Better a laying hen nor a lyin crown. 
Better be dead as out of the fafliion. 
Better buy as borrow. 
Better have a moufe in the pot as no flefii. 


COURT to the town,and whore to the window. 
Cadgers [meal-menj fpeaks of pack-fiiddles. 
Changing of words is lighting of hearts. 
Charge your friend or you need. 
Cats eats that hufiics fpares. 
Call not forth the old water while the new come in* 
Crabbit was, and caufe had. 
Comparifons are odious. 
Come not to the counfel uncalled. 
Condition makes and condition breaks. 
Cut duelles in every town. 
Cold cools the love that kindles over hot, 
Ceafe your fnowballs calling. 
Come it aire, come it hte, in May comes the cow- 
Courtcfie is cumbcrfom to them that kens it not. 
Chalke is na (heares. 


Scottijb Proverbs. 285 


DO in hill as yc wald do in halL 
Do as yc wald be done to. 
Do Weill and have weilh 
Dame deem warily. 
Dead and marriage makes tearm-day« 
Draff is good enough for fwine. 
Do the liklieft, and God will do the belt. 
Drive out the inch as thou hall done the ipan* 
Dead men bites not. 
Daffling Ijcftmg] good for nothing. 
Dogs will red fwine. 
Dirt parts company. 

Drink and drouth comes lindle together. * 
Daft talk dow not. 
Do well and doubt na man, and do weili and 

doubt all men. 
Dead at the one door, and heirihip at the other. 
Dummie [a dumb man] cannot lie. 


EARLY maifter, lang knave. 
Eaten meat is good to pay. 
Eild [old age] wald have honour. 
Evening orts is good morning fodder. 
Every land hes the lauchj and every corn hes the 

Every man wiihjcs the water to his own mylne. 
Every man can rule an ill wife but he that hes hen 
Eat meafurelie and defy the mediciners. . 
Every man for himfelf (quoth the Merteine.) 
Every man flames the fat fow's arlc« 
Experience may teach a fool. . . . ; . 

Every man wates beftwhere his oWii 4wjf>t|i^«(Hpny 
Eftcr lang mint never diiic. ' -^ , * 

" .•! 

1286 ScottiJJ: Prov^rB^s. 

Efterword comes weird. 
Efter delay comes a lecte. 


FAIR fowles hes fair feathers. ~ 
Fair hights makes fools fain. 
Fools arc fain of lUtting. 
Falfhood made never a fajr hinder end* 
Freedom is a fair thing. 
For a loft thing care not. 
Fool hafte is no fpeed. 
Fools let for truft. 

For love of the nnrfe, mony kifles the bairne. 
Folly is a benny dog. 

Fair words break never bone, foul words brqJc 
. manyane* 
Foul water flokens fire. 

Far ibugfat, and dear bought^ is good for Ladic$, 
For fault of wife men, fools fie on binks. 
Fools makes feafts and wife men eat them. 
Fools are fain of right nought. 
Forbid a thing, and that we will dov 
Follow love and it will flee thee, flee loiw and ft 

will follow thee. 
Fegges after peace« 
Fools fhould have no chappin fticks. 
Ftiendlhip. Hands not in one fide. 
Few words fufficeth to a wife man. 
Fire is good for the farcie. 
Fitflers dogs and flies comes to feafts uncalled* 
Fill fow and liad fow makes a ftark man. 



RACE 18 beft for the man. 
Giif gaflT [one gift for another] makes good 
friends. • 


Scottijh Prw^hs. ^f 

Good wine needs not a wifpe. 

Good cheir and good cheap garres many haunt 

the houfe. 
God fends men cold as they have clothes to. 
God*s help is neirer nor the fair evin. 
Give never the wolf the wether to keep. 
Good will (hould be tane in part of payment. . 
God fends never the mouth but the meat with k. 
Girn when he tie, and laugh when ye loufe. 
Go to the Devil and biihop you. 
Go Ihoe the geefc. 
God fends meat and the Devil iends cooks.. 



HUNGER is good kitchinc meat. . 
He that is far from his geir,is neir hislkarth. 

Had I filh was never good whh garlicky 

He mon have leave to. fpeak that <:annat had hi& 

He that lippens to lent plows, his land will ly ley« 

He rides ficker that fell ncvtr. 

He that will not hear motherhead, fliall hear ftep^^ 

He that crabs without caufe, (hould meafe with- 
out mends. 

He that may not as he would, monxio as heznay^ 

He that fpares to fpeak, fpares to fpeed. 

He is well eafit that hes ought of his own, when 
others go to the meat. 

He that is welcome faires weil. 

He that does ill hates the light. 

He that fpeaks the thing he would AOt, liesrs the 
things he would not • — 

He that is evil deem'd is half hane'd. 

Help thyfelf, and God wilt beipmnk . . '. .' 

He that fpends his geir on a whore^ bi»4RWii 
ihame and fkaith. • . ' • :..;• y ^i 

. •.! 

288 Scmijb ProverU. 

He that forfakes miflbur, miflbur forlakcs htzn. 
Half a talc is enough to a wife man. 
He that hewes over hie,thc ipailwill fall into his eye. 
He that eats while he lads, will be the war while 

he die. 
He is a weak horie that may not bear the £udle. 
He that borrows and bigs, makes feafts and thigs^ 

drinks and is not dry, thefe three are not thrifty. 
He b a proudTod that will not fcrape his own hole. 
He is wife when he is well, can had hiftwia. 
He is poor that God hates. 
He b wife that is ware in time. 
He is wile that can make a friend of a foe. 
Hair and hair, makes the cairle's head baire. 
Hear all parties. 
He that b redd for windlellraws, ihould not ileep 

in lees. 
He rifes over early that is hangit or noon. 
He is not the fool that the fool is,but he that with' 

the fool deals. 
He that tholes overcomes. 

He loves me for a little, that hates me for nought. 
He thathes twa herds, is able to get the third. 
He is a fairie begger that may not gae by ane man's 

Hall binks are fliddery. 
He is not the bell wright that hewes the manieft 

fpeals. . 
He that evil does never good weincs. 
Hooredome and grace,can never bide in one place. 
He that compts all coites, will never put plough 

in the earth. 
He that flays, ftiall be flain. 
He that is ill of his harbcrie, is good of his way 

He that will not when he may, fliall not when he 

Hanging gangcs be hap. 


iScoiiiJh Proverbs^ 

He IS a fool that forgets hithf^Uy , 

Happy man, happy cavil. 

He that comes uncaird, fits unfervcd. 

He that comes firft to the hill, may fit where he 

He that Ihames fhall be flient: 
He gangs eai'ly to ileal, that cannot fay na. 
He ihoufd havt a long (hafted fpoon that fups^kait 

with the Devil. 
He fits above that deals aikers. ' 

He that ought the cow, goes neareft her taiL 
He is worth na weill that may not bjrde na wae; 
He fliould have a hail pow, that caills his- neigh^ 

bour nikkienow. 
He that hes gold may buy land. 
He that covmdcs without his hofte^ couhts twife. . 
He that looks not or he loup, will iaii or he wit of 

bimfelf. - ^ * 

Haftc makes waftc^ 

Hulie (ibfclyl andfarr^ men rides farjourn^^ys. . 
He that marries a daw | flut] eats meikle dirt« 
He that marries or he be wife, will die or he thrive 
Hunting, hawking, and paramours, foranejoya 

hundred difpleafures, 
Hald in geir, helps w^U. 
He is fwife fain that fits on a (lean. 
He that does his turn in time fits half idle. 
He plaints early that plaints on his kail. 
He is good that faild m.vtt. ^ 
Half anuch, is half fill. 

He is a fairie cook that may not lick liis own finger. 
Hunger is hard in a heal maw. 
He ftiould wear iron fiione that bydes his neigh- 
bours deed. 
Hame is hamelie. 
He that is hated of hisfubje6ls, cannot be counted 

a King. 
Hap and a half-penby, is warlds gerr enough. 

U Ife 

i9bt Sc^iyh Ttovefhs, 

He calls me Ikabb^ becaufe I will not call him 

He is blind that eftts his marrow, but far blinder 
■ that lets him. . 
Have God, and have all. 
Honefty is na pride. 

He that fifties afore the net, langorhefifli get. 
He tint never a cow, that grat tor a.needle. 
He that hes na gcir to lofc, hes (bins to pine. 
He that takes all his gCir fra himfclf, and gives to 

his bairns. It were weill ward to t^e a mallet 

and knock dut his brains. 
He lits full ftill that hes a riven breech. 
He that does bidding deferves na dinging. 
He that bkws beft beaVs away the horn. 
He is well ft^kit within, that will neither borrow 
" nor len. 

He» will gar a deaf man hear. 
He is faireft dung when his awn wand dings him; 
He hes wit at will, that with angry heart can 

hold him'ftill. 


( 291 )* 

Proverbial Speeches of Pierfons ghen tt 
fuch Vices or Virtues as follows. 

Of greedy Perfons it is faid. 

HE can hide his meat and feck more: 
He will fee day at a little hole. 
He comes for drink, though drafFt be his errand. 

Of welljkilled Perfons* 

He was born in Auguft. 

He fees an inch before his nofe. 

Of, wilful Perfons: 

He is at his wits end. 
He hears not at that ear. 
He wald fain be fordvvart; if he wift how. 
He will not give an inch of his will, for a fpan of 
his thrift. 

Of Voujters or new Vpftarts. . 

His wind (hakes no corn. 

He thinks himfclf na payes pein 

U 2 , H<i 



292 Scottijt^ Proverh. 

He counts^himfelf worthy meiklc mycc dirt. 
Henry Cbeike never flew a man until he came to him. 

Of fleyit Perfons. 

His heart is in his ho(e. 

He is war frighted nor he is hurt. 

He looks as the wood were full of thieves. 

He looks like the laird of pity. 

He looks like a Lochwhaber axe. 

Of falfe Perfons. 

He will get credit of a houfe full of unbored 

He looks up with the one eye, and down with the 

tie can lie as weill as a dog can lick a di(h. 
He lies never but when the holen is green. 
He bydes are faft as a cat bound with a facer. 
He wald gar a man trow that the moon is made of 

green cheis, or the cat took the heron. 

Of mifnortured Perfons. 

He hes a brafen face. 

He knows not the door be the door bar. 

He fpits on his own blankets 

Of unprqfiiable foolifh Perfons. 

He harpes ay on ane firing. 

He robs Peter to pay Paul. 

'He rives the kirk to thatch the quier. ' 

He wags a wand in the water. 

He that rides or he be ready,wants fome of his geir. 




Scqftijh Proverbs. apj: 

Of weillie Perfons. . - i 

He can hald the cat to the fun. 

He kens his oatmeal among other folks kail. 

JHe changes for the better. 

He is not fo daft as he pretends him. 

Of angry Perfons^ 

He hes pi(ht on a nettle. 

He hes not gotten the firft feat of thfe midding the 

day. , . • ' 

He takes pepper in the nofe. 

•' * 

Of unconfiant Ptrfpns. 

He Is like a widder cock. 

He hes changed his tippet, or his clo^k on th^ 

other fhoulden ^ 

He is like a dog on a cat. 
His evening fohg and morning fong are not both 

alike. ^ • - 

He is an /ilerdecn*$ man, taking his word again# 

Of Perfom fpeakin^ f^tinently, v 

He hes hit the nail on the head, ' - 

He hes touched him in the (Juick^ 

Of Weafters and Divers. 

He hes not a heal nkil to claw hihi with. 

He hes not a penny to buy his dogs a leaf. * 

He is as poor as Jeb. 

He is as bair as th^ birch at Zuie evin. 

He begs at them that borrow at him. 

He hes brought his pack to a fit fpeadt 

He is on the ground. 

bjis hair grows through his hood. 

U 3 He 

294 Scottijh Proverbs^ 

He hcs cryed himfclf diver. 

Of proud Perfons. 

He counts his half-penny good filver. 
He makes meikle of his painted (heits. 
He goes away with lifted up head. 
He anfwcrs unfpoken to. 
He hes not that bachcli to fwear by.. 

Of untymous Perfons. 

He IS as welcome as water in a riven Ihip. 
He is as welcome as fnaw in harveft. 

Of rafh Perfons. 

He fets all on fcx or fevin. 

He ftumbles at a ftrca and loupes at a bank. 

Of ignorant Perfons. 

He does as the blind man when he cafts hii ifetff.. 
He brings a ftaff to his own head. v 
He gars his awn wand ding him. 
He takes after the goat that cafts ali down at evin. 
He hes good Ikill of rofted woolly when it ftinks h 
is enough. 

Of ejfeminate Perfons. 

He is John T!^bomfon\ man,:Coutching carle. 
He wears ihort hole. 

Of Drunkards. 

His head is full of bees. 
He may write to his friends. 
His hand is in the panyer. 


f Snftijb Pritwrfif. 295* 

f He 16 bct^icr fed nor'nortured. 

' He needs not a cake of bread at all his kin. 


Of Hypocrites. 

He has mcikle prayer, bpt Jittje (JevQtion. i 

He runs with the hound and hQ!d$ with the ih^ir* 
He hes a face to God, and another fq the Devils 
He is a wolf in a lamb's fkin. 
He breaks my head, and fince ^ut^ on ipy hppd. 
He can fay, my joy, and think it not. 
' He fleeps as dogs do, when wives fift me^L « 
He will go to hell for the hou^ profit. 


T is, a fairie brewing, that is not good in thA 

is tint that is done to child and auld micn. . 
11 weids waxes weill. 

n fome mens aught mon the auld horfe die. 
t is a ioQtii bqurd th^ t me(i fees wakifl* 
n Ipace comes grace, 
t Js ill to bring out of the flelh that is bred m tb(r 

11 win, ill warit. 

t is a filly flock where the yowe bears the faiclL 
t is a fin to lie on the Devil. 
t is eith till, that the awn felf will. 
t is good mowes that fills the won»b. 
t is na time to ftoup when the head is $ff^ 
t is fair in ball, where beards wags all* 
t will come in an hour that will next come in.a ywr. 
f thou doaaiil, do na ill like, 
f thou fte^l not my kati, break not my dyke. 1 
f ye may fpend nieikle, put the more to the 6rf « 
"* I can get his cairt at a woliter^ I ihall koA it n; 


. U4 ir 

*■ . 

. * 

9^6 Scpttijh Proverhs. 

If I may not keep gcefe, I (hall keep gcfline. 
It is kindly that the poke favor of the herring. 
It is eith to cry zule on another man's coft. 
like [each] man as he iove^ let him fend to the 

It is eith to fwim where the head is holden up. 
ItJs well ware it they have forrow that buys it 

with their filveri. 
If ane will not, another will. 
It is ill to take breeches off a bare arfe. 
It is dear bought honey that lick*d off a thorn. 
If Cod be wich us, wha will be againfl; us. 
It is Weill warit th^ wallers want gein 
It is ill to bring up the thing that is not therein. 
It that lyes not in your gate, breaks not your Ihins. 
It is na play where ane greits, and another ^aughs. 
If a man knew what wald be dcar,he wald be but 

merchant for a year. 
It is true that all men fays* 
I have ^ good bow, but it is in the caftle. 
It is hard to fling at the brod fa ftick that childrer? 

ufe, when they play at penny prlckj or kjcjc 

at the prick. 
like man mend ane, and all wilLbe mendit. 
It is a fairie collope that is tain off a caponCf 
111 b^irnes are beft heard at home..' ' * 
It is ill to. wakin ileepitsg dogs. * 
111 herds make fat wolffs. 
It is hard to wife and thrive in a year. 
It is good fleeping in a heal fkin. 
It is not tint that is done to friends. 
It is ill to draw a ftrea before an au!d cat. . 
Jt is ^'^paine both to pay and pray. 
It is good fifliing in drumbling waters. 
It i^ little of God's might, to make a poor man a 

k is good baking without meal. 
It is a good goofe that cjrops ay. 

Sffittijb Prtyuerbs. ajjr. 

It is not the habite that makes t;he Ji^ppk. 
It is not good to warn ^nd to hayc. 
It hes neither arfe nor elbcvv. 
I (hall fit on his (kirt. 

It is a hair moore that he goes over and gets .not ^co,w 
I fliall hold his nofe onthc grindftone. 
It goes as mc^'kle in .his .heart as in his heel, 
it goes in at the one ear, and out at the other. 
It is na mair pittie to fee ji woman grcit, nor t;Q 

fee a gooie go bare fit.' ^ 
It is Weill faid, but :wJba will bell .the- cat. 
It is fliort while feen the loufe boorc the langelj:. 
I have a flidderie elUby ihe tail. 
It is as meit as a fow to* be*" a faddle. 
It is as meit as a thief for the widdie. 
I wald I had as mcikle pepper as he coijipts himlcjf 
. ^orrhy myfe dire. 
It will be an ill web to bleitch. 
I cannot find you baith talcs and ears^ 
It is ill to make a blown horn of a tods tail. 
If everyou majce alucky puddinglftialleatthcpriclj: 
It that God will give, the Devil cannot reave. 
In a good time I fay it, in abetter I leave it. 
It's a filly pack that niay not pay the cuftomc. 
I have feen as light green. 
It's a cold coal to blo\y at. 
It's a faire field where all arc dung down. 
It's afaire dung bairn that dare not greit. 
I wat where my awn Ihoe binds me. 
If you wanted me and your meat, ye wald wai)t anji 

good friend. 

■ ■ K. 

"IV^AME fingle, kame fairc. 

fV Kindnefs comes of will. 

Kindnefs will creep where it may not g^Hg* 

Kindnefs cannot be bought for geir. 

I^ail Ipaires bread. r 


198 Scottijh Proverbs. 

Kamefters are ay grcafic. 

Knowledge is eith born about. 

Kings are out of play. 

Kings and Bares oft worries their keepers. 

Kings hes long ears. 

Kings cafF is worth other mens corn. 

Kindncis lies not ay in ane fide of the houfc. 


LITTLE intermeddling makes good friends. 
Long tarrying takes all the thank away. 
Little good is foon fpendit. 
Lang Iran makes hameald cattel. 
Litdc wit makes meikle travel. 
Learn young, learn fair. 

Like draws to like,and alkabbedhorfe to an aid dyke; 
Lairh to the bed, laith out of the bed. 
Little may an aid horfe do, if he may not oyr. 
Let them that are cold blow at the coal. - 
Lang {landing,and little offering makes ^good priic. 
Love hesna lack. 

Leave the coyrt, before the court leave thee. 
Ligut fupper makes long life. 
Lykit geir is half bought. 
Lor fhips changes manners. 
Light winnrng makes a heavy purfe. 
Live and let iive. 
Livelefs, faultlefs. 
Little faid, foon mendit. 
Laith to the drink, and laith fra it. ^ ^ 

Lightly comes, lightly goes. 

Laft in the bed, beft heard 

Lata is lang and tedious. 

Little waits an ill hullie what a dinner holds in. 

Laddes will be men. 

Lauch and lay down again. 

Likelie lies in the myre, and uniikeKe goes by it.- 

^ Let 

^Scottijh Proverbs] igg 


Let him drink as he hcs brewed. 
Like to die mends not the kirk-yard. 
Luck and a bone voyage. 
Lang or ye cut Falkland wood with a pen-knife. 
Love me little and love me lang. 
Let alone makes mony lurdon. 
Little troubles the eye, but far lefs the fotit. 
Little kens the wife that fits by the fire, how the 
wind blows cold in hurle buik iwyre. 


MONYyrons in the fire part mon codle. 
Maidens Ihould bemeckuntilthey be married 
Men may buy gold over dear. 
Mony purfes holds friends together. 
Meat and cloath makes the man. 
Mony hands make light work. 
Make not .twa mews of ane daughter. 
Meat is good, but menfe is better. 
Mony mafters quoth the frog to the harrow, when 

every tooth took her a knock. 
Mint [ofFcc] or ye ftrike. 
Meafure is treafure. 
Mony men does lack, that yat wald fain have ia 

their pack. 
MifterfuU folk mon not be mansfuU. 
Many fmals makes a great. 
Maifterie mawes the meadows down. 
Mony fpeaks of RvHn Hood^ that never ihot in 

his bow. 
Mifter makes men of craft. 
Meikle water runs where the miller ({eeps. 
Meikle mon a good heart endure. 
Mony cares fot meal that hes baking bread enough 
Meikle fpoken, part mon fpill. 
Meflengers fliould neither be headed nor htogfdL 
Men are blind in their own caufe. . • 


• r * 

3oO. Scottijh Pro^erh^ 

Mony words wald have meikle drink, . ' 

Man propons, but God dirpons. 

Mony man ferves a thanklefs mafter, . 

Mpiiy word* fills not the furlot. 

Mony kinsfolk but few friends. 

Men goes over the dyke at the cbbeft. 

Might oftentimes overcomes right, . 

Mends is worth mifdeeds. 

Meikle head, little wit. 

Muftard after meat. 

Millers takes ay the beft toll with their own hand, 

Mony man fpeirs the gate he knows full well. 

Mufiel not the oxcns mouth. 

Meikle hes, wald ay have mair. 

Mony tynes the half mark whinger, for the half- 
penny thong. 

Make not meikle of little. 

Mony man njakes an , errand to the hall, to bid 
the Lady good-day, 

Mony brings the raike, but few the fhoveU 

Make no balkes of good bear land. 

March whifquer was never a good fifher» 

Meat and mafle never hincjred np maOf • - 


NATURE paflcs norturc, 
Na man can baith fup and bUw at once^ - 
l^ething enters in a clpfe hand. 
Need makes vertue. 
Need has ne law. 
Neireft the Kirk, farrcft fra God, 
Ncireft the King, neireft the widdie; 
^ew lords, new laws. 
Na man may puind for unkindnefs. 
Neireft the heart, neireft the moutjj, 
Never rode, never fejl. 
.t I Need 

»..- "► ♦ 

Scottijlo Proverbs. 301. 

Keed gars naked mep run, and forrow gars web- 

Neir is the kirtle, but nearer is the fark* 
Nothing is difficile to a well willic ^man. 
Na man makes his awn hap. 
Na reply is beft. 
Nothing comes fooner to light, than that which is 

long hid. 
Na man can play the fool fa weill as the wile inan« 
Na penny, na pardon. 
Ka man can feek his n^arrow in the churne, fa 

Weill as he that hes been in it himfelf, 

O. ' 

OVER faft, ovcrloufe* 
Of anuch men leaves. 
Over great familiarity genders delpite^ 
Oft compting makes good friends. 
Over narrow compting culzies na kindnefs. 
Out of fight, out of langer. 
Of twa ills choofe the Icaft. 
Of other mens leather, men takes large whanges : 
Over jolly dow not. 

Of the abundance of the heart, the mouth fpeaks. 
Of all war, peace is the final end. 
Of ill debtours, men takes oats. 
Of need make vertue. 
Of the earth mon the dyke be builded. 
Of ane ill, comes many. 
Over hore over cold. 
Over heigh over low. 
Over meiklc pf ane thing, is good for nathing. 




ENNY wife, pound fooL 
Frielt and doves make foul houfes. 


J03 Scottijb Proverbs. 

Fridc and lazinefs wald liave meikle uphald. 

Put your hand na farder nor your fleive may reach* 

Poor men arc fain of little thing. 

Play with your peirs. 

Pith is good in all play&. 

Put twa half-pennies in a purfe and they will draw 

. together. 

Painters and Poets have leave to lie. 

Poflelfion is worth an ill chartour. 

Pride will have a fall. 

Poverty parts good company, and js an enemy to 

Put not your hand betwixt the rind and the tree. 
Poor men they fay hes na fouls. 
Patience perforce. 

Provifion in feafon, makes-a rich houfe. y 

Put that in the next parcel. 
Peter in, and Paulouu 
Plenty is na dainty. 
Puddings and paramours wald be hotelie handlit#. 


UHAIR f where] tjie deer is flain, fomc 
bloud will lie. 

Quhen the eye fees it {aw not, the heart will thinly 

it thought not. 
Quhen wine is in, wit is out. 
Quhen the fteed is ftowen, Ihut the liable door. 
Quhen the tod preaches, beware of the hens. 
Quhen the cup is fulleft, bear it evineft. 
Quhat better is the houfe that the da rifesin the 

Quhen theevesreckons,leall men comes to their geir 
Quhen I am dead, make me a cawdle. 
Quhiles the hawk hes,, and whiles he hunger hes. 
Quhen the craw flees, her tail follows. 
Quhen the play is beft. It is belt to leave. 


Scpttijh Proverbs. ^03 

Quha may wooe without coft. 

Quhiles thou, whiles I, fo goes the baUleri. 

Quhen a man is full of luft, his womb isfuUofleefings 

Quha may hold that will away. 

Quhen taylours are true, there little good tafliew. 

Quhen thy neighbour's houfe is on fire, take heed 

to thy awn. 
Quhen the iron is hot, it is time to ftrike. 
Quhen the belly is full, the bones wald have reft. 
Quhom God will help, na man can hinden 
Quhen all men fpeaks, na man hears. 
Quhen the good man is fra hame,the table cloths tint 
Quhair ftands your great horfe, 
Quhair the pig breaks, let the ihells lie. 
Quhen friends meets, hearts warmcs.. 
Quhen the well is full, it will run oven 


REASON bound the man. 
Rufe Lpraife] the foord as ye find it; 
Rufe the fair day at cvin. 
Racklefs youth makes a gouftie age. 
Ryme fpares na man. 
Reavers fhould not be rewers. 
Rule youth weil, and eild will rule the felL 
Rome was not biggit on the firft day. 

S. , 

clke man, fike mafter. 

*^ Seldom rides, tyncs the Ipurs. 

Shod in the cradle, barefoot in the ftubble. 

Sike lippes, fike latace. 

Sike a man as thou wald be,draw thee to fike cotn'^ 

Soothe bourd is na bourd. 
Seldome lies the Devil dead by the dyke fide. 


' 3j64- Bcatt'ijh Proverbs. 

Saying goes good cheap. 

Spit on the ftane, it will be wet at the laft.. 

Sdft fire rfinkes fweet malt. 

Sorrows gars webfters fpin. 

Sturt pays na debt. ' 

Sillie bairns are eith to lear; * 

Saw thin, and maw thin. 

Soon rype, foon rotten'. ^ 

Send and fetch. * 

Self deed, felf ha. 

Shame fhall falf them that fiiame thinks, todo theiiyi 

felves a good turrt. 
Sike father, fike fon, &?r. 

Seill comes not while forrow be gone. ^ 

Shees a foute bird that fylcs her own nef¥. ' 

Speir at Jork thief my marrow, if I be a' led* maii 
Soon gotten, fbon fpendit. 
Sike prieft, fike offering. 
She is a fairie moufe that hes but arte hole. 
Surfet flays mac nor the fword. 
Seik yoirr faucc where yod get your aU. 
Sokand feall is bed. 

Sike anfwer as a man gives, fike will he get^r ^ 
Small winning makes a heavy purfe. 
Shame is paft the fhedd of your hair. 
Send him to the feaand he will not get water. 
Saine (blefs) you weill fra the Devil and the Larrds 

She that takes gifts herfelf, (he fels, and flie that 

gives, does not ells. 
Shroc the ghaft that the houfe is the war of. ' 

Shew me the man, and I fhall (hew you the law. 
Swear by your burnt (hines. 
Sairic be your mcil poke, and ay your fift in th^ 
nook of it. ' 



Scottijh Proverbs. ^f 


HpHE mair hafte the war fptid. ' 

A Tyde bydes na man. 

Twa daughters and a back door are three ftatk 
. thceves. • 

'There was never a cake, but it had a make. 
Ther6 came never a large fart forth of a Wrari's arUS . 
Tooitie [empty! bagges rattles. 
The thing that is trufted, is not forgiven. 
Take part of the pelf, when the pack is a dealing 
Tread on a worm, and fhe will Heir her tail. 
They are lightly robbed that hes their awn. 
The craw thinks her awn bird faireft. 
There is little to the rake to get after tlie biiSbmc 
They buy good cheap that brings nathing haiiie. 
Thraw f twift] the wand while ic is green. 
The Ihooemakers wife is worft (hod. 
The worft warld that ever w^s, fome man v'n. 
They will know by a half-penny if a Pricll will 

take offering. 
Tyme tryes the truth. 
The weeds overgaes the corn. 
Take tyme while tyme is, for tyme will away. 
The piper wants meikle that wants the nether chapl 
They are 'welcome that brings. 
TJie langerwe live the mae ftrange fights we fee. 
There are many foothe words fpoken in bourding 
There is na thief without a receiver. 
There is many fair thing full falfe. 
There came never ill or a good advifement. 
There is na man fa deaf, as he that will not hear. 
There was never a fair word inhicding. 
The mouth that lyes flayes the foul. 
Trot mother, trot father, how can the foal amblci. 
They were never fain that fhrugged. 
Twa fools in ane houfe is over many. 
Twa wolfs may worrie ane (heep, 

X The 

j^6., Scottijh Pnv£rl!% 

The day hcs cyne, the night hes ears. 
The tree falls not at the firfi ftraike. 
The mair ye tramp in a turde, it grows the breadcr.: 
There is none without a fault. 
The Devil is a bufie Bifhop in his owh diQCie^ 
Thefe is ho friend to a friend^in deed. 
There is na fool to an auld fool. 
Touch a good horfe in the back, and he will flings* 
There is remeid for all things but ftark deid. 
There is na medicine for fear. 
The weakeft gres to the walls. 
That which huflies fparcs, cats eats(. 
Thou wile get na mair of the cat but the (kin* 
There' mae madines nor makine. 
They laugh ay that winnes. 
Twa wits is better nor ane. 
• They put at the cairt that is ay gangaiid. 
Three may keep counfel if twa be away. 
They are good willie of their horfe that hes nane. 
The mae the merrier, the fewer the better chcar. 
The blind horfe rs hardieft. 
There mae ways to the wood nor ane. 
There is meikle between word and deed. 
They that fpeirs meikle will get wot of part^. 
The lefs play the better. 
The mair coft, the mair honour. 
There is nothing more precious nor tynie. 
True love kythsin tyme of need. 
There dre many fair words in the marriage mak-* 

ing, but few in the portion paying. ^ 
The higher up, the greater fall. 
The mother of mifchief is na mair nor a gnat wing 
TarroWing bairnes were never fat. 
There little fap in dry peafe hylls. 
This bolt came never out of your bag. 
Thy tongue is na flander. 
Take him up there with his five eggs, and four 

of them rotten. 


Shttijh Prwerh. %af 

The next tyme ye dauncc, with whom ye take bjj 

the hand* 
The goofc pan is above the roft« 
Thy thumb is under my belt. 
There is a dog in the welL 
The malt, is above the bcir. 
Touch me not on the fair heel. 
The pigs overgaes the aid fwine. 
Take a man by his word, and a cchv by her hofn^ 
There meiklc hid meat in a goo/e eye. 
They had never an ill day that had a good evening;^ 
There belongs mair to a bed nor four bair legs* 
The greateft clarks are not the wifeft men^ 
Thou (hduld not tell thy foe iiirhcn thy fit flidcsj 
The grace of God is gcir enough. 
Twa hungry meales makes the third a glutton. 
This warld will not laft ay* 
TheDevil andtheDeSn begins with a letter,when the 

Devil hes the Dean, the kirk will be the beeccr. 
They are as 'wife that fpeir not. 
There is nothing fo croufe as a new walhen loufc*- 


WRANG has nea warrand. 
Will hes that weill is. 
Well done, foon done. 
Weapons bodes peace. 
Wiles helps weak folk. 
Wifliers and walders are poor houfe-halders^ 
Words are but wind, but dunts are the Devih 
Wark bears witnefs wha weill does. 
Wealth gars wit waver. 
Weill bydes, weill betydes^ 
Wrang compt is na payment. 
Wrang hears, wrang anfwer gives. 
With empty hand, na man ftiould hawkes allure. 
Weill wats the moufe, the cat's out of the houfe. 
Wei} worth aw, that gars the plough draw. 
Wc hounds flew the hair, quoch the meflburt. 

X 2 Wonder 

/ > 

Women and bairns keeps counfel of that tl^ey kc4;i ijcfC 

Wont beguilt the l^^y. - . ^ 

Waken not fleeping dogs. 

We have a craw to plucjk. 

Well good mother daughter. 

Wood in a wildernqfe, and ftrengh in afooL 

Wit in a poor man's he^d, mof]R: ia a naQi;rptaji| 

I ^ayailsnoihiqg, \:- ^ 

Weils him and WQ{^$ hitn (Hat^hqs ^]^i{kqpialus k\n 

XJfc m^ke5 perfe(^nefs. 

tTnfl414 medfcip^rs^ ai)d hprfetpsrlhels^, flays. both 

man and ..b?*ft...', 
Wfeat reakc? of ;fl^ f^ed,. wncre the friep(^}g 

dow nought. 


YE will break your crag and yo»r li^ft alike i^ 
his houfe. 
Ye ftrive againll the ftream. 
Youth never calls for perrill. 
X^ feck hot wa^cr under cold yce. 
Ye drive a fnail to Rome, 
Ye ride a bootlefs errand. 
Ye feek grace at a'gracelefs facc^ 
Ye learn your father to get bairns^ 
Ye may not fit in Rome znd Avivc with ii^ Pqj^ 
Yotith and age will never agree. 
Yc may puindfor debt, but not for unkindaefe. 
Ye br^id of thie cat, ye waW fain cat. fifiby. but, y^ 

have na will. tQ weet yt)ur fcQt. ^ 
Ye breid of the gouk, ye have not a ryme b^tai;^^ 
Ye fhould be a King of vour word. 
Ye will get war bodes before B^lten* 
Ye may drink of the bourn,but not byteofthe braft 
Ye wald do little for God an the Devil were deajd>. 
Ye have a ready mouth for a ripe cherry. 
Ye breid of the millers dog, ye lick your moutiv 

or the ppk be open. . / 


C 309 ] 

Hebrew Proveiibs, • 

.N:n3 .Ti nTa »ai* rf'2^ ri^jp 

fTpHE axe goes to the wood, from whence it 
■*^ borrowed its helve. 

It IS ufed againft ihofe who are injtiripas to thofe from whpn]^ 
they are derived, or from whom ihey haVe re'ceived their powier/ 

tnn^n Kt^ nam -t^i^^ ^n -f? nD« d>^ ^ 

.^aans T^Tnj; T^n If any fay that one of thine 
cars is the ear of an afs, regard it not : . If he fyy. 
fo of them both, procure thyfelfisi bridle. ; 

* That is, it is time to arm ourfelves with patience when wq 
^e greatly reproached. 

•t^TBDDI Htd i3p noi: fpeak . pf fecrct matters 
in a field that is foil of little bills. 

becaufeit is poflibIerome1}ody may He Kid thiere and hear 
What is'faid. 

.Dn:iTis) nvik^ Kii^nn nyb]f That city is in 

fl bad cafe Whofe Phyiician hath the gout. 

in a city whofe goyernor is a Phyiician, 

.n^^ n? KDKV A myrtle ftan4ing among riettlcS 
^bcs notwithftandirig rctaittthjiT^ JttJ^Ttki: 

3C I Vl' 



'3 TO Hiirew Prowrhs. 

.nn3 vin K*? pn -12:1 n^«i "ln^*a /. ^ Where 

there is a i»tf», thers do not thou fljew ' thyfelf i 

The meaning is, that it becomes us not to intermeddle Tft 
nn office where there is already fuch good proyiiion made that 
there is no need of our help.. .' 

.W3ttnn n^T '»3i^1 ^'?^' i^-lDin 22« /. e. At the door 
of the fold wordsj within the fold an account. 

The fliepherd does with fair words call back his fugitive 
ihe,ep to the doorfcf the fold; but wken he gets tliem in ht 
punifheth them for flrajing away. It is applicable to What 
may be expelled from' oar governors againft -whom wc have 

rebelled. . .; . .. » 

.-j^U2 r;nnKi np:i irr^K i. e. He is pleafed with 

gourds, and his wife with^ cucumbers,: ^ ' ' \ "''\ ' 

A Proverb by which is exprefled, that both the man an4 
wife are vicious much alike. : -. " • »• • j* / . r^ . * 

«DD N^» IDi^ nnO^n . «P3 H^ . . " " 

.J»'^n:iD pnKl /./• ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^* ^'^X "i<^ther fays, but 
as thy neigh hours, fay. 

t r» % • , I ' A i 

The meaning is,thatwe are not to regard the praifes of a near 
relation, but to^ liften to ivhat is- faidby the neighbourlioocf. 

p-^S) Kii^i:i fD hd:! ^"^y KnbD* in nni /. e. If the 

dog barl^, go tnv'if the'lDitch/bark^ go outr 

: . ^"^3. 54^ ^nD KTij Kt^rn Kn'^iD /. ^. Wc may not 

cxpcdl a good wheip from an ill dog. .' -- '\ 

.110 ''KIJaDT it^i DDttr i e. Sichem marries the vdfc 
Xvi'z, Dinah.) and Jl^j^^fi^iiscirtumcifedY/. e.iun 
ntjhed.) ........ . - 

• * Delirani Reges fleSiunhtr A<;hi*oii\ ■' ' 

.i^npl «ap» ^ina K*?D:i A^ camel in Media dances 
jin a little cab. 

* ' This iProverb is ufed' againft thofe who tell incredible things. 

tn''iD rt:i n>^ i.^. The camel, going to feek horns, . 
loft his ears. . ' 

.AgainU thofe whot- being difcontented with what they have, 
Ifipur^it bT xno're lofe w^at they oote had. 

» " * * * 



Hebrew Proverbs. 311 

.^nim «nti^D ''sr-tom ^dd i^n:! w^^:^ i. e. Many old 

camels carry the fkins of the young ones to the 
market. \ 

^tKi nilVD Kmt Kip*) >^in K:ip 

:^')^ti^^ /. e. The great cab and the little cab go 
down to the grave. 

v:!**:! n:i«n ps^i: b:»* nyj ijki 

rT'b pDN pS'^ii /. ^. He that hires one garden 
(which he is able to look after) eats birds ; he that 
hires more than one will be eaten by the birds. 

: w::j ^nyi DIB^ /. e. As is the garden fuch 15 
the gardener. 

^n\r\ i> e. If I had not lifted up the ftone, you had 
not found the jewel. 

Jt is ufed when one man reaps xht fruit of the labours of another; 

:i^T^p 'h'l^ KDV 'bim u e. When the Sun rifes, 
the difeafc will abate. 

It is faid by one man of the^Ipw/jthat there was a preciousftone 
which did hang on the iieck of Jhraham ywhi^h when the fick 
man looked on hp was prefently healed : and that when Ahra- 
ham died God placed this ftone in the Sun : This is thought 
to have given occalion to the Proverb above-named. V. Bux^ 
forf, Lexic, RabBin. in voce ^^"J, 

\r\h V'^p^ Kp txobv W hocvcr hath a divided beard, 
the whole world will not prevail againft him. 

This Proverb is ufed of thofe who arc cunning, and fuch 
are they thought to be whofe beard is divided, which, by their 
much handling when they ajrc mufing and thoughtful, they are 
faid to divide. 

K3nT pD \kr\n^)ik y^u^ wri n>ra 

:i^3^2l^W in:! /. e. Go down the ladder when thou 
niarricft a wife, go up when thou choofeft a friend. 

The meaning is, that we fhould not marry a wife above ou|: 
rank, though we choofe fuch a friend. 

b^vn K^*) inr /. e. Rather fell than be poor. 
:np*il* K-):iD pn pt V. e. He that buys and fells 15 
called a merchant. 

This Proverb is ufed in derifion of thofc who buy and fcH 
{0 {heir lofs. 

3C 4 ^brnin 

3 J 2. Hebrew Prpverhsr 

.12T n:j^3t Tl^")r» Vdnii^ . i. ^. While the dud \sx>r^ 
your feet fell what you have bought. -^ 

The meaning h, that we (hould fell quickly (thougji wiA 
light gains) that we may trade for more. ' ^ 

:D'^^p nnp^rK Ki^^^*? ^^1lp^^ pn] i. e, Caft your 

ftaftinto the air, and it will fall upon its root, or- 
heavy end. 

Naiurs^m expcllas furcf. licet ufque recurret, 

:rTpi!»^ n'*-ma''50'' rr'^D^ ^^■>b^ /. ^. The wine is- 

the mailer's, bur the goodnefs of it is the butlcr'sl 

nvi rv^roin q^id2 nvjrr rbr .D>^ 

:b'»:^'i2 When an als climbs a ladder, we rtiay 
find wifdom in women. 

^^:n/.^.An afs is cold even in the furtimcr folftice. 

The meaning is, that fome men are fo unhappy that np- 
thiDg will do them g^^od. ^' ' • ' 

:7D.11 IDrr /'. e.AJinario - - Camelarius. - 

/. ^. A man that hath the care of leading a caniel, z.r\A . 
driving an afs. Such a man is in the midftj and Jcnows hbt • 
how to go forward or backward; for .the. afs writ 
not lead, nor the camel be driven. It is applicable to hini 
who hath tp do with two perfons of contrary humours, and 
knows not how to pleafe both, nor dares he difpleflfe either of 

riinsn/iJit nsrrttt^ inno /. e. They had thought 
to have put others into a fleeve, an^ they are put^ 
in themfelves. . 

:i3D^n i. e. The poor man turns his cake, anci 
another comes anci takes it away. ' 

HP V niDS) ID^D nt{f i. e. Open thy purfe (viz, 
i. e. receive thy money) sitid then 6pcn thy fack ; /. i, , 
then deliver thy goods. 

^'I'^^^n "hb^ ib^i* WBDl'Knbn i. ^ An hungry dog 
will cat dung. 

iw'?^^ Kitta "nrn nrho y^ /- <?. If you take 

away the falt,youmay throw the flefli to the dogs. 
:jO^D KJ^Dn Nlay The fervant^of a king is 
a king. 

ii2b;^ rb nnj N!n */. ^., Do not dwell in a .ciq/:, 

Where an horie does not neigbi, nbr a dog bai*k. /; 

The meaning is, that if w* would be'tafe from danger we 
nauft wf (dwell -in i city fiimat tbert lis tieithcr imiK)rle 

:J^nri^^* 2V) pi^DKjnj* rat psp /. e. Make haftit* 
5^hcn you are pufch^jng It field,: but iVhca you . 
are td -marry a 'wiifc jfe floy! . ■ !^ 

.:KmiD When the ftepherd is angry wkii Ms 
Acep 4>c ifends them a blind guide f :*\ ' 

U^K)nE^ In the titne ^ affiiftioa, ^ irow } 4n fhe 

time "of profperity an inundation : or a greater tff-^ • 


The £>evil was .^ok, 4he DevU a Monk wourld <be ; • 
,The Devil was y<rcll, the Devil a Monk was he. • 

' ti^D^ia Maa «»w' SJTia .HSD i- /.. Aa old maa-^ 
ip $a houfe i^ •a gOQd Q^n in an houie, . 

Old men are fit to give wiie counfel. ^ 

nni3iD? ^Tit^;d ntajrjtp np ^» /. e Wo be to 
•]him whofe acivocate becomes his accufen 

* This "Proverb is accomraodable to rariotts- parpoies^ Go^ 
reqiured propitiatory facrifices of his people ; when thejK 
lQfoe4 ^^-^ nPj as they fli<»uld, they did receive tbeij^ ptfddh 
upon it : but if they olFered the blind or lame, &c« tkey wen^ 
fo far from ga^nine their j>aidon^ that they increafed their 
jguiit : And thus their kdvocate became theit aeeafer* 

:i^3i3 Dm ^Ta «^tn ijr /. e. While thy* 
fhbe is on thy foot tread upon the thorns. 

T^V \iGr\V l^ny ^ f.Your furety 'wants a furcty/ 

' This Proverb is ii£ki of an iafion argnj&ent that is not fi^- 
cicnt to prove what it is alledged for. \' :, 

•♦O^rmB nvcoQ «nB3 ifcnniajr lOO / . ^. One bird 

in the net is better tbao m hundred flying., 
t^ys 3p- i* ^- Little and good. 

3fi4 Hebrew Proverbs. 

:»bp i. <. Never caft dirt into that fountain of which 
thou hail fometime drank. 

The meaning is, that we flioald not proudly defpife or re« 
preach that perfon or thing which formerly have been of ufe 
l;p OS. 

* : M itw.nDi ^bn^ p3pl ^pnDn ^K i. e. Do not 
look upon ^the veflcl, but upon that which it 

:ahTy "b r^ "^p^^n i. e. A lie hath no feet. 
:^*^Tt* vbvn n/ll n&rr) /. e. One Iheep follows 
another. - 

^o one thief»and any other evil doer, follows the ill example 
of his companion. 

nn^D nsyi na^ by'w wu^d vh We never find 

that ^ fox dies m the dirt of his own ditch. 

The meaning is» that men do rarely receive any hurt from 
the things to which they hsve accuilomed themfelves. 

:pnnn «pnric» j;^^ rbr^ If a word b^ worth 

one (hekel, filcnce is worth two, 

» - . . » 

' Nunquam etemm tacuiffe nocet^ nocet ejp locufum, 

:k30d^ nnn ^Dp *73:3 |f the ox fall, wbel; your 

' The meaning is, we ijiuft not let flip the ofcafion of get? 
ting the vidlbry over ah enemy. 

' .nnap VX> »Dn !?3a When the o;^ falls, there 
arc many that will help to kill hitn. 

The meaning is, that there are many ready to trample upt 

on him that is afiliiled. 


. irrb TX) rysvi nbyn i. ^. We muft fall do^n 

before a fox in feafon. 

The meaning is, that we ought to obferve cunning men, 
and give ;hem due refpeft in their profperity. 

rather to be the tail of lions than the head of 

x)iW^2. K13 When the weafel and the cat make 
a marriage it is a very ill pref^gc* • - ' 

The meaning is, that when evil mtjci who were formerly at 
variance, an<J are of gr^at poi»ver, majce agreement, it} Ortends 
danger to the innocent, and toothers who are witLin tiieir 
TeadhV Thus upon the agreement of Herod 2C£i^ ^ijau ihjemoft 
innocent blood is fhed. " The Je^s tell of two d jt;s that were 
very fiercb one sfgainft the other ; one of them is ataulted by a 
volf, and thereupon ;the other dog refolvcs to help hia:i againfb 
the' wolf who made the afTault. ' 

JTrnw /.^. In two cabs of dates there -is one cab of 
Hones and more. . 

The meaning is, that there Is much evil mingled with the 
good which' is found' in the worfd.' ^ ' ' ^ 

:w^9 ^irn rb^ ^Tn Nb np /. ^. If the whole 

world does not enter yet halif of it will. 

•Tis meant of calumny and reproach, where many times 
fome partis believed iYiOm^ zHX he not* Caluikniai'e fortker, 
fcf alifuid adb^erehit* • ^ 

*rsh ^D KVnn K^rn ms:^r\ p /. e. He that 

liath been bitten by a ferpent is afraid of a rope. 

The meaning is. he is afraid of any thing that hath the 
leaftlikebefs to a ferpent. 

;»tta'»^ «p>nDi inirni i^9^:i She plays the whore 
for apples and then bcftows them upon the fick. 

. This Proverb is ufed againU thofe who give alms of what 
they get unjuflly. • • 

\)XX>'A> The door that is not opened to him that 
begs our alms, will be opened to the Phyfician.' 
b^l rwSiDI verb p'^at:^ Let but the drun- 
kard alone, and he will fall of himfelf. 

:TTa ?•)" rsib^xKs ann^^ a^na Tbyi i. e. ThoH 

haft dived deep into the water and haft brought 
tip a pbtflierd. 

3l6 Ihbrew Pfovirhii 

tno? ^^vis w»D nvank u e. Tf thou h^fthrtreafed 

^y water, thou muit alfo increafe thy itiessll... 

■ • -* 

Thus he that raifeth inany obj^EHons w oWigfcd to fi^i "fo^* 
lutipns for them alfo. 

^ :»D ^2 r^W Kl rn i. e. Therfc is nothitig fo 
bad, in which there is not fomething of gobcf, 

«^ nVi p-^ni XQ^pt rr^ n^stS 
a^rpya 'ipt rmnrf? «d^:3 «. ^* Hethit hath had one 

of his family hanged, may not fay to his fircigh* 
bour, hang up this fifli. 

The nCcaiiing is, we miift abftain from Wor3s of reproach, 
tnd.then efpecially when we are not free from the oHitt^ 
which we reproach others for, 

anp/l «^ KD^3^ TTfD 'ITiO KTO i.e. O thoU'iVij- 
zarite^ go about, go about, and do not com^ 
near the vineyard. 

The meaning is, that we fhould avoid the o'ccafions of iia^ 
The NascarircTi^ forbidden the life df Wihe, a*hd it was ffiere- 
lore, his wifeft courfe to avoid all occaiions of trefpaffing;* • 

tnvv^ rrnn \nV:in dki itdj^ t^ i- ^-."^^t 

fecret is thy prifoncr, if thou let it go, thou Stt-4 
jxriibner to it. 

The meaning is plain, viz. That wt ought td fe as ci^'ilfll 
in keeping a fecret as an officer in keeping his prifoncr. whp 
inakes himfeif a prifoner by letting his brifoner go. Tiiere 
is fometimes a great danger in re veiling a fecret^ ihd all ways 
it is an argument of g^at folly. For «s the Jirws fay weil^ xfy 
friend hath afriiifd, and thy friend^ s friend hath a friend: And 
therefbreSPviiat tkOu woaldd have kept as a fecret rcVfeal not 
to thy friend. And they elf^where fay> that He miho b^th a 
narrow hearty i. e, but a littl^ wifdom, hath n ir$ad iongsi^^ 
i, <f, is apt to talk at large. ' 

^ n'^an nb jrt vh^ i^tt^inrai /• ^ ; The M^ician 

liiuttecs, and knows not what he mutters. 

-I This is proverbially ufed againft thoTe'^^who pray in an un- 
known tongue ; or do any thing which thdydo not unilefltoLj • 

": rh]jn TtiJ^ *nnw m« tili i- ejf thy daujgh- 

-te^ be marriageabfe fet thy fervent free, . an4'giye 
her to him in marriage. ^ '* '- ^ 

IJebfeai Jprove^bSk 317 

\mf ^nr nsfiyanKpriD p/in i-^-To cxpcft, to 

'^ is worth four hundred, drachmsv. : V 

Zu£ is the fourth part of the facred Shekel. This Proverb 
is ufed to recommend to ns the advantage of deliberation in 
epr anions* 

irrDtt^ They Can find money for mifchief, when 
they can find none to buy corn. 

dty my name^ in a flrange cit^ toy. cloadis /r#r 
€ure me refpeS. 

pn ^ rxs^ .TifD* omi ^«Rr. tit.- * 

rw2 ^ HDip TJ1D «S» *Tis not a bafket ofe 
hay but a baiket of flefh which will make a lion 

That is^ it muf!: be fleih and not hay wbidi witt giv» ceigff 
tage and ftrength to a lion. 

nr^2i{i vd n»") pr^ »t? t^ na Let tKx^ 

grandchild buy wax and do not thou trouble 
thyfelf. ; 

ivnytk by^ Kpwn «/i*?^a> mtWD Pull oflF thd 

£kin in the ftreets and receive thy wages. 

That 18^ we were bejtter fabmit to thci meaneft -easploymefte^ 
than want neceflaries. 

?n»pn «» One grain of fliarp pepper is : bctcer 

than a baiket full of gourds. 

That is, one wife man, how mean ibever, is more vali^blfi. 
than many that are imwife. 

n^Jia 3nr\ «3W p» As. if a man that^is kil- 
led ihould come home upon his feet. 


This is nfed proverbially of thofei things which we ^▼•.fbr 

( 3i8 ) 

TIjefe that foUoruo are the Sentences of 
Ben Syra, a than of great fathe and 
> antiquity among tht JeWsV 


Oitonr a Phyfician before thou haft i\tk^ of 

That isy we muf!: honour God in onr health and proiperity 
that he may be propitioos to us in our adv^riity. 

:t31ttr'1 Thy child that is no child leave upon the 
waters and let him fwim. 

That is, where our child is not rcclaimable by fair means 
wc may not hinder him from cbndigrt punilTlmciit. 

irmi "^"VOi ^9in KDn:j Gnaw the bene which- 
is fallen to thy lot^ 

That is, he that hath an ill wife muft patiently bear with 
her : It may ^Ifo be applied to other things. 

T^tkfy^ KD^^W rv^^T^"^ "^-yi ^^^m Gold muft 

be beaten, and a child icourged. 

3r»h K*? KroiD p im 2D ^VT Be good, and* 
refrain not to be good. 

nrrpm^ pn^ ^11 m)''±> rr^ 'n*^ Wo be to the 

wicked, and wo be to them that cleave to them. 
Or, to their neighbours that live near them. 

T^ nDD If we would avoid a mifchief we muft' 
not be very kind and familiar with an evil man. 

jrpn K*7 Nm^D p IT Wiih-hold not thine 
hand from (hewing mercy to the poor. 

Hebrew Proverbs. ^19 

njn^ kVi »ys^^ n/iVjr ^rh:^ 

trt^DD HD The bride goes to her marriage bed, 
but knows not what fhali happen to hen 

The meaning is,thatwe ought not confidently topromifeour- 
felves in 'any thing any great fuccefs. Thus it is faid, that a 
certain man faid he would enjoy his bride on the morrow, and 
when he was admonifhed to fay he would^ if GodnioiU: He 
answered that he would* whether God would or not. This 
man and his bride were both fpund dead the following night. 
Thus was the faying of Ben Sjra verified. The bride, tec. 

iHX'i^ ntta K^D'fn wona nd^dtt^ A no() for a 

Vfiie man, and a rod for a fool. 

* :»nDn!?^^DKn %TnD2D nv^D He that gives ho^ 

nour to his enemy is like to an afs. 

.TK^» r;c^a T?iD p^yr nu A liuk fire burns 

up a great deal of corn. 

This faying is to hf underflood of the mifchief which an 
evil and ilandering tongue does, and is exemplified in J>oe£p 
who by this means brought deflrudion upon tne Priefts* 'W 

•X»yev wvf qXlxqv t/Ai}v eivdwru* Jam. 111. ^« 

:»JT23 Kia M^v Kn^aa K2D -An old man 
in an houfe is a good fign in an houfe. 

:n;f^liDi npbnn tens KTVIS Spread the tabic 
and contention will ceafe. 

traa 13 Djr if thou muft deal, be fure to deal 
with an honeft man. 

irra nB3 n» rrh niAmp «*DTn Be not un- 

grateful to your old friend. 

:p11t:rn «^ Though thou haft never fo many coun- 
fellers, yet do not forfake the counfel of thy 
own foul. 

:ranD nawtem nsp am The day is ihort, 

and the work is much. 

^rs longa *vita ire-vis.' 

N I S. 

• » 

I. . 

V ' 




O F 

EngUJh Words 




Their Significations and Original, in 
two Alphabetical Catalogues. 

T H E o N E 

Of fuch as arc proper to the Northern, the 
other to the Southern Counties. 


An Account of the preparing and refining fuch 
Metals and Minerals as are found in 


Augmented with many Hundred Words, Ob- 
servations, Letters, fcfr. 

By John Ray, F, R. S. 


Printed for W. Otridge, oppofite the North Side of the New 
Church io the Strand ; S. Bladon^ m Pater- noHer-i^w ; W. 
Cooke, at the Royal Exchange ; W. Harris, in St. Paul's 
Church-Yard; S. Steare and T. Peat, in Pket-ftieet; J. 
Robfon, C. Parker, and W. Shropflure» in Bond-ftreet} J« 
Ridley, in St. Jame.s's-fireet ; H. Turpin, in St. J^^*^*^ 
fireet ; R. Smith, next Barnard's fnn, in Hdbom ; G. Woo3- ' 
fail, at Chariog-Crois ; and G. Pearcb, QheapfidCt . 


T o H I s 
Honoured Friend, 

Peter Court hope, Efq; 




•e( F^'^ieJHO' I need no other Motive to in- 

C^T^^ duce mc to prefcnt You with this 
Jjj^ Colleaion of English Words, 
)^«^i,^^ but that I might take Occafioa 
publickly to own my Obligations 
to You, as weli for your long-continued 
Friendfliip, as for the Affiftance you have lome 
time afforded mc in thofc Studies to which I 
am, I think, naturally inclined ; yetoneCir- 
cumftance did more cfpecially lead me to 
make choice of You for its Patron; and that 
is, that You were the firft who contributed 
to it, and indeed the Perfon who put me upon 
it i and fo, it being in good mcafure your owo> 
A a Ihave 


I have Rcafon to hope, that You will fitvour- 
ably accept it, I confefs the Work is fo in- 
confiderable, that I am fomewhat afhamed to 
prefix your Name before it ; but having no- 
thing clfe left of my own, which I defign to 
trouble the World with, as not knowing whe- 
ther I may live fo long as to perfcdl what I 
have now before me, 1 chufe rather to prefent 
You with this, than lofe the Honour of being 
known to have fuch a Friend, or negledt the 
Duty of makingAcknowledgments where they 
are due, efpecially having already made Pre-: 
fents of this Nature to others of my Friends, 
which is enough to excufe this Dedication in- 
tended to do other Purpofes, by 

S I R, 


Your very humble Seirvant, 

J. RAY. 

M3 5¥¥9 35A5?)g^ <5^e?iWt ««<<¥35'^«?^^ 


W^^^^^\^^^^ the publifhihg this Colleftion of 
^^v|^^^iJ^ local Words, in the Year i674,which 
c^i^: S j^^ were haftily gathered up by me, I re- 

^;rj^^?^ ccived a Letter from my worthy 
'^^'^'^->'^-^WM^ Friend Mr. Francis Brokejhyjomt time 
Fellow of TrinUy College, irr Cambridge^ and fince 
Reftor of Rowley, in the Eaft Riding oi Torkjhire^ 
attended with a large Catalogue of Norchern 
Words, their Significations^ and Etymologies, to 
be added to a fecond Edition of this Coilcdtion, 
if it ever came to be reprinted ; which then I did 
not expeft that it woujd. But fince it hath found 
fo favourable Acceptance among the Ingenious, 
that the former Impreffioa being difperfed and ex- 
haufted, a new one is defircd by the BookfcUer 
concerned ; I readily entertained the Motion, that 
I might enrich my Book, and recommend it to 
the Reader by fo confidcrable an Edition, as alfo 
procure my Friend the Praife due to his Pains and 
Performance. ' And left I myfelf (hould defraud 
him, and intervert any Part thereof, I hold myfelf 
obliged to advertife the Reader, that the greateft 
Part of the Words added to the Northern Col- 
leftion are owing to him, tho* his Name be noc 
fubjoined. The reft are a Supplement of fuch • 
Words obferved by the learned and ingenious, my 

A3 honoured 


hoYioured and dear Friend, Dr. Tancred Robinfoif^ 
as he found wanting in Mr. \Br^^<^ys Catalogue. 
The greateft Part ot the additional Words in the 
Southern Ccllcflion were contributed by my in- 
genious Friends Mr. Nicholas Jekyll^ of Sihble He- 
zeninglam^ and Mr. Manjell Courlmanj Minifter 
of C^JIle Hezenirighatny in EJfex. Since the Copy 
of this Collcdion was out of my Hands, and de- 
livered to the Bookfeller in order to the Printing 
of it, I received three Catalogues of local Words, 
two from my learned and worthily efteemed Friend 
Mr. Edward Llcyd^ of Oxford^ one drawn up by 
himfclf, of Britijh Wordi»', parallel to fome of the 
Northern Words in this Collection, from which, 
probably, the Northern might be derived ; the 
other communicated to him by Mr. Tomlinfiny 
of Edmund-Hcily a Cumberland Gentleman. The 
third from Mr. IVilkinfon^ a Bookfeller in Fleit- 
ftreet^ London^ Owner of the Copy of this Coir 
leAion, fent him from Mr. William Nicbolfm^ an 
ingenious Minifter, living in Cumberland. I fovind 
in it many Words already entered in my Collection, 
the moft of which I thought fit to omit though 
had they came timely enough they might have 
been ufeful to nic, becaufe they contain many JPa- 
Tallels in the Teutonkk^ Cimbrick^ aed old Gctbiik 
Languages, which might have been added in their 
Places. Some Words I alfo obferved therein of 
common and general ufe in moft Counties of Eng- 
landi at leaft where I have lived or converfcd, 
which I alfo omitted ("becaufe it is not my Dc- 
fign to write an Engl^ Gleffary) but yet fhall here 
mention them. 

3emfon for BenediAion, which is not unufual 
among our elegant Writers. 
Blunu or Bloom, for Bloflom. 
A Bov)re^ for an Arbour, becaufe made of 
Bows> or, as they ufually fpell it. Boughs of 

Trees j 

f R E F' A C E; ^Ij 

Trees ; though, I confcfs, with us it is ufcd nei- 
ther for a Houfe; nor for a Room. 

A Brigge^ for a Bridge, ufed at Cambridge. It 
is but a Difference of Dialeft. 

Childermas Day, for Inrioceots Day. 
A Corfey for a dead Body, which^ in my Opinion is 
Originally nothii)g but C^rpj; 

A CraggCy probabfy froni th^ Britijh Craig/ 

To Cun^ or Ctf;5^ thanks J to give thii^ks. 

Defiy for Neat, pretty. v ' . 

pangSy for Glaws, CluttheS, h i genera! Word. 

To Fleer^ or Flyre ^ to laugh (lily, to jeer, , . . 

Gear^ or Geer^ for Cloa^ths, Accoutrements, Har- 
nefs. So Woroien call rhcf Linen, and what ellci 
they wear upon their Head, Head-tgear; Gear is ^A^ 
fo ufed for Trumpery, Rubt>ilb, fo as Stuff is. 
Goodly Gear. 

A Gleady for a Kite, which he, very probably^ 
deduces from gliding, 

The Word Grave is not; ufed in the South for 
digging with a Spade, but it is appropriated tq cut- 
ting upon Metal. But a Gr^'z;^, i, ci. Seputcrum^ is 
a Pit digged with a Spade, and we fay, a Spade-- 
graft J or a Spit^deep. And a Groove is a Furrow, 
made in Wood, or Metal by Joyners, Smiths, or 
other -Artificers, 

Groats^ for great Oatmeal, is a general Word. 

Grip^ the fame with Grupe^ is trequently lifed 
with us {or /ulcus y fojfula^ illex. 

Harrying the Country, is alfo generally ufed for 
wafting, plundering, fpoiling it by any means. 
There is a fort of PUttock called a Hen-harrier from 
chafing, preying upon, and deftroying of Poultry, 

Than hieyou^ for hafte you ; nothing more com mon. 

LugSy for Ears, is a general, but derifory Woro; 
IVith Hair in Cbara£lers^ and Lugs in Text. Cleve-' 
land's Poems. 

A 4 Neb^ 

▼in P R E F A C E. 

■ » • 

Neh^ is of frequent Ufc,tho*^ not for the Noife of « 
Man, yetfor the Bill of a Bird, and mctaphoricallyftnr 
thtr Pointof a Pen, or the longand (lender Nofcof any 

I To ATp, for to prefs between the fingers and thunib, 
nocufingtheNaiis ;orwith any Inftrument that is flat 
as Tongs, or the like, T© prefs betw^enr Things that 
are edged, is called pinching. 

A Retk^ withus^figfiiftes not a Smoak, but a Steam 
arifing from any Liquor or moift Thing heated. 

Sad J is ufed alfo for heavy , fpoken of Bread that 
rifes not, or the like. 

A Strandyfor a Shore,or Bank of Sand, whence the 
Strand in London ; and a Ship is faid to be Stranded. 
Vnsoitthy\%QOTnmon\y\y{td for abfurd, incongruous* 
Warre^ for beware, as War Heads^ or Horns. 
Wented^ for Acid, or a little changed^ Ipokcn of 

.Tp fFbilSli Sticks^ to cut off the Bark with a 
Knife, to make them White. Hence alfb aKnife 
is, in Derifion, called a Whittle. . 

WiJiey fubtle, deceitfuf. - 

I was the Icfs fcrupulous of omitting thefe Words^ 

becaufe the Gentleman himfelf intends to publiflk 

with* a Hiftory of the Kingdom of Northutnberiandr^ 

a Jarge Norih-bumbrick Giojfary. 

To thefc I might add fome Words I obfeFVcd in 
Mr. Hickefs IJlandiJh Drftionary, by him noted for 
Nx)rtbcrn Words, v. To Banne^ i. e. to cwrfc. To 
make a JDtnne^ x, e. a Noife, which we in EJfsx ^xo- 
nounce. Deany and is in frequent ufe. A Fang,, for a 
Claw, or Paw. A Frojhj for a Frog. Gahs and GellSy 
or, as they here pronounce it, Telfs^ for young Sows 
before they have had their firft Fare of Pigs. To . 
Tel/j i. e. to cry out hideoufly, to howl. To Glow^ 
i. c. to be hot. To Heave^ i. e. to lift up. The Huls 
of Corn, i. e. the ChafFe, or covering- from Hill to 
cover. To Lamme^ i. e, to beat. 



Thefe Gentlemen being, I fuppofe, North-Coun- 
trymen, and, during their Abode in the Univer- 
fitics, or cifewhcre, not happening to hear thofc 
, "Words ufed in the South, might fujppofe them to 
be proper to the North. The fame Error I com- 
mitted myfclf in many Words that I put down for 
Southern, which afterwards I was advifed were of 
ufe alfo in the North, viz. Arders^ Auk^ and Auk* 
ward, to Brimme, Buckfome, Cbizzky Clever^ .a 
Cob-^Irofij a Cotterely a Cour down, to CopCy Cranky 
it DareSy or Dears^ a Dibble^ a Dool^ Feaberries^ to 
Goyfter, Hogs for Sheep, a JarrCj to Play^ i. c. to 
Bey I J Siie, "Temfe- bread. 

In the fame JJlandiJh Dictionary j I find alfo fome 
Northern Words not entered in my Catalogue, viz. 
The Eand, Spiritus, a Cimbrico Ande. To Byg^ 
jedincare, Bigd habitatio. To Britten Beef, to break 
the Bones of it, A S. Brittan frangere. The Ey* 
Irees, Palpebrae Ey-lids^ Scot. Bran ab Ifland,5r««. 
We ufe Ey-brews for Super cilia. To Dwitie away, 
Gradatim perire, inde Dwindle Dimin. a Duyn 
Iflandico, Ccffo, deficio. Et^JleSy Boreal. IJles^ 
Cinis Ignitus, fcinrillatis ab IQand. Eyfa, We in 
Efex ufe Eajlts for the hot Embers, or, as it were, 
burning Coals of Straw only. A Fell, inons.Fournes 
fells, the Fellfoct. Ab Iflandico Fel, Acclivitas. 

Fliggurs Ebor. Young Birds that can fly, fledge, 
Jfl. Fleigur Volatilis. 

The Gowk, the Cuckow, Ifland. G^ukur. 

Nowt'gelt, Tributum pro pfcore folutum. 

A Nab., Summitusrupis vel montis.IflandG/^/^« 

Heafy, Raucus, IJl, Hafe Raucitas. 

To Helle Water, Eflfunderc aquam. Ifland. Helle^ 
beltre^ fundo. » 

A Whreak, Tuflis, a hauking, Screatio. Ifland. 
Hroak, Sputum. 

To Ream, manum ad aliquid capicndum ex* 
porrigo. Ifland. Hremme^ Unguibus rapia. 


X P R Bl F A C Ew 

To Reoufey commendare. 

jixel'foptb. Dens molaris, ffland, Jaxel^ iSctru . 

Taud Eboracenfibas, a HorTe, a |ade. 

To Lek^ StiHo, Ifland. Ltk. 

The Fire lo^e^^ i. e. Flames Eboracenfibus; 
Germ. Lobe^ Flaihma. 

The Munnej the Mouth. Ifland. Munnur^ 

In Sif Thomas Erown^s eighth Traft, which is 
of Languages, theic are fevcral Words mentibned 
«d of common Ufe in Norfolki or peculiar to the 
Eaft'/Jngle Countries, arid not ' of general, yii* 
^wnd^ Bunny, Tburk^ Ensmmis, Soinmoditbee^Maw- 
fher, Kedge^ Seel, Straff, Clever^ Matcbly^ Derii 
Nicked^ Stingy, Nort edre^ Feft, Thepes^ Go^aodf 
Camp, Siirit, Fangaji, Sap, Cothfjh, Thokijh^ Bidi 
cuce, Paxwax, 

Of fonfTC of thefe the fornrentioncd Mr. HickeSj 
gives an Account in the Preface to his SaxonGr2Lm'' 
mar, as Bunny, a fwelling upon a Stroke, or Blow, 
on the Head, or elfewherc, which he parallels 
with the Gothick Banga ulcus, and the Iflandifii 
Ban, a Wound, and Ben vibex. , We in Ejffex call 
it a Bcine on the Head, fjumty is alfo a 
flatteiing Word Ivom^^t^kU to Children. Bawndtut 
mens, as bis Head is bound, his Head is fwolm fronn 
the forcmentioned lilandilh Word Bon. Tbiriot 
Thark, is plainly from the Saxon deork, dark EMm- 
mis, ne, ne forte, as Spar the Door, 
come, i. e. left he come, he deduces probably from 
Eigenema or Einema, an Adverb of excluding, or 
excepting, now in ufe among the IJlanders. Sam-^ 
moditbu, a Form of Salutation fignifying, Ull me 
bow do you, probably may be nothing but the Sax- 
on yxj^mebubcyv J7u, rapidly pronounced, as wc 
fay Mucbgoodilte, for Aiucb good do it you. M^mtber 
I rake to be our Mother, a Girl, or young Maid» 
of which I rather approve Sir Henry Spelman^s Ac- 
count, which fee in my Collc6tion« Sal Tempua. 



entered in the Colleftion. Straft^ irat05, iri ex-» 
damans, Iflandis at Straffa eft objurgare, com- 
pere, increpare, Matchley^ Perfeftly, well. Iflan- 
dis Maatkga^ Magtlega^ Sax. Mihtilice^ valde, 
mightily. To Dtre or Dare^ entered in the Col- 
ledlion, Noneare^ modo. 1ft. Nunar, (Ere feems 
to fignify in old Englijh before^ as in.Ere-noWj and 
in Ere-while^ i. e. before now, before time, and 
ire I go, /. e. before I go, of which jr^r^ feems to 
be but a Dialed:, in Days ef Tore. So non-ere 
may be not before now ) To Camp. To play at 
Football. Sax. Camp is ft riving, and Campian to 
ftrive, or contend. This Word forthia Exercife, 
extends over EJfex^ as well as Norfolk and Suffolk. 
Sibrit is entered in the Collcdion. This Author 
makes it a Compound of Sib and lyrht manifcft. 
Angl. to Bruit, apud Salopienfes to Brity to di- 
vulge and fpread abroad ; 1 flioiild rather make it 
a Compound of Sib and ritus, Fangajl^ a marri- 
ageable Maid, viro matura &c q. virum jam ex- 
petens ; perchance from Fengan^ or Fangan^ Sax. 
To take, or catch, and j^aji Love, as much as to 
fay, as taken with Love, or capable of Love. To 
bid Gwe^ pcenas dare •, unde conftat, faith he, bide 
profluxiffe a Saxonico wyte^ quod poenam, mul- 
ftam, fupplicium fignificat. The Other Words 
which he leaves to others to give an Account of, 
are Kedge^ for briflc, budge ; CUver^ neat, elegant. 
See the Colleftbn ; to nicky to hit the Tim^ight, 
/ nicked //, I came in the nick of Time, juft ia 
Time. Nick and Notch^ \. e. Crena arc fynoni- 
mous Words, and to nick a thing feems to me to 
be originally no more than to liit juft the Notch 
or Mark,yf^^«« petere^ Stingy^ pinching, fordid, 
narrow-fpirited, I doubt whether it be of antient 
Ufe, or Original, and rather think it to be a new* 
ly. coined Word. To/#//j t^*-**^ ^Mea^ 

vour to perfuade^« We in^ 




puttings tbrufiing^ or obtruding a thing upon OKe; 
donum^ or Merces^ obtrudere^ but for the Etymon, 
or Original, I am to feek ; Gofgwood^ \. e. Teaji on 
Barm^ is nothing but God^s-good {Bonum Divinum) 
as they pronounce the Word in Sujfex and Kenty 
where it is in ufe ; it is alfo called Beer^g^od.^ 
^hepes is the fame with Febes^ or Feaberries^ i. c. 
Goofc berries, a Word ufcd alfo in Chejhire^ as Ger- 
rard witnefleth in his Herbal; but what Language 
it owes its Original to is farther to be enquired. 
Cotbijhy Morofe, and ^bokijh^ flothful, flugilhj I 
have no Account to give of. Paxwax^ for the 
Tendon, or aponeurojis to ftrengthen the Ncck,and 
bind the Head to the Shoulders, I have nothing to 
fay to, but that it is a Word not confined to 
Norfolk^ or Suffolk y but far fpread over E?fgland\ 
ufed, to my Knowledge, in Oxford/hire. 

As for the Catalogues of EngUJh Birds and 
Fifties, inferred in the firft Edition of this Book, 
I thought fit to omit them in this ; becaufe they 
were very imperfeft, and fince much more fully 
given in the Hiftories of Birds and Fifties ptib- 
liflied by us-, befides, if God grar\t Life and 
Health, I may put forth a particular methodical 
Synopfis of our Englijh Animals and Foflili, with 
Charafteriftick Notes, and Obfervations upon 
-them, which will fwell to a confiderable Volume, 
our Infeds being more numerous than the Plftnfis 

of this IQand. = - 




O F 


Proper to the 

North and South Counties. 

To Adle or y4JMe ; to earn ; from the anci- 
ent Saxcn Word Ed-Uan, a Reward, Rc- 
compence or Requital. 
Affer-Jnaths j the Pafture after the Grafs hath 

been mowed. In other Places called Reughins. 

-Agate; Chef. Juft going, as I am Agate. Gate 
in the Northern Dialeft fignifies a Way j (o that 
Agate is at or upon the Wsty. 

Alansem; At a Diflrance. 

A mell; Among bctwixt,contrafled from aMid- 

dle i or percbancc fiom Uie French Word Mejler^ 


14- North Country Words. 

ftgnifying to mingle, whertcc our Englifij Aledkj 
is derived. A Soma pronounce it tf;»f/i. 

Anauntfins ; If \o be. 1 know not what the Ori- 
ginal of this fhould be, unlefs it be from An^ for 
if, and Auntrins contra&ed from Pcradvcnturc. 

Anent ; over-againft, concerning. A Word of 
frequent ufc among the Scots. Some deduce it from 
the Greek w*»K> wa^J^v Oppqfitum. Nee mali fane (in- 
quit Skinnerus in Eiymologico Lingua Anglican^) 
Ji veU foni vely fenfus Convenientium refpidas. Sed quo 
commercio Graci Scotis totius Europe Longitudhu 
dijfitis Vocabula impertiri potuerunt f MalUm igitur 
deducere ab A S. Ncan Prope^ additd particuld ini- 
tiali otiofa A. 

An Arain\ a Spider, a Lat. Aranea. It is ufcd 
only for the larger Kind of S^pidtrs.Nottingbapf/bire. 

Arf\ Afraid. 

An Ark ; A large Chert to put Corn or Fruit in, 
like the Bing of a Buttery •, from the Latin Word 

Aries or Earlcs ; Earneft, an Aries-penny^ an Ear- 
neft-penny, from the Latin Word arrba. 

, An Arr ; A Skar. Pock-arrSy the Marks. m^ 
by the fmall Pox. This is a general Word, com* 
mon both to the North and South. 

Arvill'Supper ; A Feaft made at Funerals 5 in 
part ftill retained in the North. . * 

An AJker ; A Ne^t^ or £//, Salamaudra aquatifa. 
. AJiiie ; Anon, fhortly, or as foon, /. e. As TillSf. 
^Ue^ in -the Norxh, fignifics foon, and tiier pr/if/E^, 
fdoner, ^be tider fthat is the fooner) you cMH^iht 
tider y Off II go\ from ^t Saxon Tid^ GgMtjifig 
Time, which is ftill in ufe, as in Shrove-tlde» V^^-. 
fiintide, £sfr. 

As AJly J As willingly. 

An Alter eahj^ A Spider's Wejb. Cumber^ifgi, 

Aud'farand ; Children are faid to be fo^'Wlfi^ 
grave or witty, beyond what is ufual ih^fitl^ii 

North Country Words. ly 

Aud'^ Old. Var. Dial. z^J^aud for Cold, Wauds 
for Wolds, Mm for Elm. And Farand the Hu- 
jnour or Genius, Ingenium 

Average \X\it breaking of Corn Fields; Eddifh, 
Roughings. Average in Law, fignifies either the 
Beafts which Tenants and Vaflals were to provide 
their Lords for certain Services ; or th^t Money that 
,was Uid out by Merchajnts to repair the Loffes fuiF- 
fered by Shipwreck ; and fo it is deduced from the 
old Word Aver [Averium^ fignifying a labouring 
Beaft y or Averia, fignifying Goods or Chattels,fronj 
ihe French Avoir^ to have or poflefs. But in the Senfe 
we have ufed it, it may poflibly come from Haver^ 
fignifying Oats ; or from Averia^ Beafts, being as 
much as Feeding for Cattle, t^afturagc. 

Aum^ Elm. Var, Dial. ^ 

An Aumbry J or Arnhry^ pr Aumery ; A Pantry^ 
or Cupboard to fet Visuals in •, Skinner makes it to 
fignify a Cupboard's Head, or Side-Table : Super 
guam vafa Menfaria £sf Tota argent eafupellex ad ufum 
Conviviorum exponitur ; a Fr. G. Aumoirtj Armaire 
(S Armoire^ It. Armaro idemjignantibus^ q. d. Latini 
Armarium, Prov. Nqfooner up9 but the Head in the 
Aumbry^ and Nofe in the Cup. In which Sentence, it 
piuft needs fignify a Cupboard for ViftuaJs. 

Aund •, Ordained ; Forfan per contraHienem. I am 
aundto this luck^ i. e. Ordain'd. 
• Aunters •, Peradventure, or, in cafe, if it chance. 
I gucfs' it to be contrafted from Adveniure, which 
was firft mollified into Auventure, and then ealfly 
pontraded into Annier. It fijgnifiesairo needlefs 
iScruples, in that uftial Phrife,' fk U irouUed with 

The Amder % or, 9s ihey pn xM M M ' it Wi^Cbe/bire. 
Onederi the Afternoon. f- ' 

In Efex they prttiicWnnSit - 

North Country Words. 


ABackJler ; a Baker. 
A Badger ; fuch as buy Corn, or other Com- 
inoclitics in one Place, and carry them to another. 
It is a Word of grneral Ufe. 

Bain ; willing, forward ; oppofed to Lithcr. 

The B^lk^ or Bawk 5 the Summer-Beam or Dor- 
man, Balks^ Bawks \ Poles laid over a Stable or othcf 
Building for the Roof, a Belgico^ fcf Teuton. Balky 
Trabsy tignum. In common Speech a Balk ischc 
fame with Scamnum in Latin^ i. e. a Piece of Land 
which is either cafually overflip*d, and not turned up 
in plowing, or induftrioufly left untouched by the 
Plough, for a Boundary between Lands^ . or fome 
other Ufe, Hence to Balk is frequently ufed mc- 
. taphorically for topafs over. 

. A Balk'Jiaff\ A Quarter-ftafF, a great Staff like 
a Pole or Beam. ' 

A Bannock ; An Oat cake kneeded with Water 
only, ^nd baked in the Embers. In Lancajbire^ and . 
other Parts of the North, they make leveral Sorts 
of Oaten Bread, which they call by feveralNames, 
as I . ^barcakes^ the fame with Bannocks^ viz. Cakes 
made of Oat meal, as it comes from the Mill, and 
fair Water, without Yeaft, or Leaven, and fo baked, 
2« C^rp-^r^^v thin hard Oat- cakes. 3. Kitchinefs^ 
hread\ thin foift Oat -cakes, made of thin Batter.' 
4* Riddle- cakes \ thick lower Cakes, from which dif^ 
fers little that which they call Hand hoven Breads 
having but little Leaven, and being kneaded ftiffer. 
5, Jannock ; Oaten Bread made up in Loaves. 

A Bargb •, A Horfc way up a fteep Hill. Tork- 

A Barn or Beam ; ; A Child. It is an ancient Sasfon 
Word. In the ancient Teutonick^ Barn fignifies a 
Soni derived perchance from xhtSyriack £tfr,Filius. 


North Country fTords^ ., 17 * 

A Barrr, A Gateof aCity.*ri?ri&. AsHodthamhary 
Monk-bar^ Michael gate -bar ^ in the City of Tork. 

Bawaty^ or Bowety ; Lindiey-wolfey. 

Bearn-teamsy Broods of Children^ as they exponn- • 
ded it to me. I find that Beam-team^ in xhtSaxon^ 
fignifies llTue, OfF-fpring, Children, from team 
foboles^ and Beam. A teeming Woman is ftill in ufe 
for one that is apt to bear Children. 

-B^/2//«g" with Child; Breeding, ^rzvxA.TorkJhire. 

A Beck\ A fmall Brook. A Word common to . 
the ancient 5^fty^», High and Low Dutch^ and Da- 
nijh. Hence the Terminations of many Towns, 
Safid-heck^ IVell-becky &c. . 

Beeld\ Shelter. 

Beer^ or Birre^ q. Bearc, Force, Might,/^//)& aw 
my Beery Chefliire, /'. e. With all my Force. 

Beight of the Elbow,Bending of the Elbow. Chejh, 
A Subftantive from the Preterperfeft Tcnfe of 
Betfdyzs Bought^ of the like Signification from Bow. 

Belivef Anon, by and by, or towards Night. By 
the Eve. This mollifying the into le, being fre- 
quent in the North, as to laytor to the. We have 
tlie Word in Chaucer for Anon. 

To benfely To bang or beat. Fox Rujlica. Ebor., 

To lerry^ To thrcm, /. e. To beat out the Berry, 
or Grain of the Porn. Hence a Berrier^ aThreftier, 
and the Berrying Jiead^ the Thrertiing-Hoor, 

To Bidy or Bede^ To pray. Hence a Bedes-man^ 
one that prays for others, and thofe little Globules, 
with which they number their Prayers, arc called. 

B^gg^i^S* I wifli you -a good Biggcning, /. e. A 
good getting up again after lying in. yotum pro 

A Birk \ A Birch-tree. Var. Dial. 

BizetCdy Skinner writes it Beefe»^ or Beezen^ or 
Bifon i Blinded. From fiy, fignifying bcfidcs, and 

B the. 

1 8 North Courttry U^qrds: 

the Dutch Word <S/>, fignifying Senfe, j. d^ Sinfii 
$mfrium nobilijjimo orbatus^ faith he. 
^'Blake^ Yellow, fpokcn of Butter andCheefe« 
As blake as a PaigU. 

Co^uj-hlakes, Cafins, Cow-dung dried^ ufed for 

A Blebj a Blifter, a Blain, alio a Bubble in the 

Corn Bleeds well, when, upon threlhing, it 
fields well. 

Bleiti or BlatCj Bafhful. A loom Purfe^ makes a 

bleit Merchant. Scot. Prov. That is. An empty 

Purfe makes a Ciame-fac'd Merchant. Fortaffiq. 

Bleak, or Blank. 

. J5/d/^i/,Fond*,as Children are of theirNiirfes.GJ^. 

Blow-Milk^ Skini'd, or floten Milk \ from 
whence the Cream is blown off. 

To Bluffcy To blind-fold. 

^0 blujh amther jTo be like him in Countenance. 
In all Countries we fay, He or ihe hath a Blu8i of, 
/• r. Refembles fuch another. 

A Body \ A Simpleton. Torkjbire. 

To Boke at one. To point at one. Cbefit. i. e.T0 
poke at one. 

To Bokej To naufeate, to be ready to vonrtic, aUa 
to belch. Fox agro Lincolnienji familiaris (inquU 
Skinnerus) Ailudil fait em Hi/pan. Boflar vomere^^f^- 
quear, ofcitarefeu Pandicularij vel pojjit deJUSi a La* 
tino ivocan^vel melius a Belg,. Boochcn, Bokea pul^ 
fare^ vel Fuycken Trudere^ protrudere. VomUus mm 
ejiterum vomitu rejeSlarum qu^dam protrufiofeu ixtrMfi$ 

The Bslloi a Tree, The Body of a^Tret^.tsa 
Thorn-Boll^ (dc. Boiling Trees is ufed ii> all Cctin^- 
tries for Pollard Trees,who(e Heads and BnwchM 
are cut ofF, and only the Bodies left. 

A 5j//of Salt, /. e. twoBufhels. 
. The Boory The Parlor, Bed^chan^^t. cr ioMT 
Roooi. Cumb. A 

North Country Words. 19 

A Boofe^ &xi Ox, or Covr-ftalh Ab AS. Bofib. 
V. Ox-boofe. 

To Boon^ or Beun^ To do Service to another as 
a Landlord. 

Bones^ Bobbins, becaufe^ probably, made atfirft 
of fmall Bones. Hence Bone-lace. 

To Boun and unboun \ To d: cfs and undrefs.— • 
For(e a Belgieo Bouwen, to build, or manure. 
Which Word alfo fabftantively fignifies a Woman*s 
Garment. Bi^;^« fublt- Ready. 

To Bourd \ To jeft, ufed moll in ScotUnd. Bsnrd 
[Jell] neither mtbme^ nor with my Honour^ Vvov. 
Scot. > 

Bouty Without. Chejh. To be bout^ as Barrow, 
v)aSy i. e. To be without as, 6fr. Prov, 

Brakenj Brakes^ Fern. Var- Dial. Brakes is a 
Word of general Ufe, all England ovy. 

Braggel^ or Bracket^ A Sort of compound Drink, 
made up with Honey, Spices, i^c. in CJbeJbire^Lan- 
cajbire, &c. Min/bew derivts it from the IVelJh Bra^- 
god. fignifying the lame. Forli q. d. Potus Gallia 
Braccalci\ The Author of the Englijh Diftionarv, 
fet forth in the Year 1658, deduces it from the 
H^eljh Word Brag^ fignifying Malt^ and (jots^ a 

A Brandritby A Trcvet, or other Iron to fet any 
Veflcl on, over the Fire^ from the Saxon Brandred^ 
a Brand Iron. 

Brants Srcep, A brant Mill, as hrznt as the Sid* 
of a Houic. 

Braty A courfe Apron, a Rag. Vox agro Un^ 
colmmfi ttfit4ita^ fie auum appella$ur StmitinSiium ex 
p^m vitiffimo obAS. Br;U panniculus^ hoc a verb^ 
Brittan. Gebrittan,/rairf^r^, q. d. Pamu fr^^[minta. 

Braugbzvbam v A Dilh made^ of Cheefe* Eggs» 
Clap-bread, and Butter, boiled togpothe *'4i^2&. 

To Breade^ L e. To make broad^ 1 
A S. Rrofdan. B 2 

i6 Ttbrib County U^ords. 

» » 

To Bree^ To frighten. 

To Breid^ or brade of. To be like in Conditions^ 
ftbm Breeding, becaufe thofc that are bred of 
others, are, for the moft Part, like them. Td 
breid ^ the Miller^ s dog^ ye lUkyour Mouthy cr the 
Pope be ope. Prov, Scot. 

To Brian ari Oven, To keep fire at the mouth 
of it, either to give Lights or t^ prefer^e the Heat. 
Elfe^here tbey call this Fire a Spruting. 

Bricboe ; Brittle. Var. Dial. Chejh. 

A Broachy A Spit. It is a French Wc^rd, from 
its Similitddc whereto a Spire-fteeple is called a 
Broach Steeple, as an Obeli Ac is denominated from 
2ffix^, a Spit. It fignifics alfo a Butchers-prick, 

Hat Bruarti^ H^t BrimS- Cbejh. Var. Dial. 

To BruckUj To dirty. Bruckkd^ Dirty, 

To BruJle^To Dry, As the Sun ^rij/fej the Hay, 
u e. dries it, and brujled Peafe, /. e. parch'd Peafc. 
It is, I fuppofe, a Wofd niade from the Noife of 
dried Things, per Onomatop^ or from the French 
Srujler^ to fcorch or burn. 

A Buerj A Gnat. 

Bttllen^ Hempftalks pilled. Buns. 

A Bulkar. A Beam. Vox agro LincolA. ujiia-' 
ttfftma^ proculdubio a Ban. Bielcker, ». pU irabes^' 
Biekk, Tignum^ Trabs. Skinner. 

Btimllekites^ Bramble-berries. Torkjhire, 

A Burtky A Sweeting. 

A Bur-tree^ An Elder^trce. 

Butter-jags ; The Flowers of ^tifoHum JiUqui 

A Bufhel^ JVartvickJhire^ and the neighbouring * 
Codiities, /. e. Two Strikes, or two Buflicls,^^- 
chefttr Meafure* 


Nbrtb Country Wcrdf ar 


TO Cadjre^ To carry. A Cadger tp a Mill, % 
Carrier, or Loader. 

To calkt^ To caipple, or fcold,. a^ 9 callelinf^ 

A cankred Fellow, Crofs, Ill-condicion'd. 

Cant^ Strong, lyfty. Very canf^ God yield yau^ i. e^ 
Very ftrong and lufty, Gcd reward you. Chefiirf^ 

To canty To recover, or mend. A Hfdtb to the 
^ood Wwes Canting^ /. e. h^r Recovering after I^y- 
uig-in. Torkjhire. 

Canting^ Au^O, 

A CapOy A working Hprfc- Chejbire. Capeh 1^ 
old Englijh fignifies aHorle, tropiC^^Afi«^. 

A Carlcafy A Boar, or He-cat, Horn the pl4 
ISaxon Carli a Male and C^c. 

A Carre^ A hpliow Place where .Water ftands.] 

A Carberry^ A Goofcberry. 

The Carjick, The Kennel, aWord ufed in Shef- 
ffild^ Torkjkire. From Car and ^ikcy i. ^. a Furrow 
Qr Gutter, q, the Cart gutter. 

To carve^ or keroe^ To grow four, fpoken of 
Cream. Chejhire. To kerve^ or kermSy i. e. pp curdip 
?6 four Milk doth. 

Cajings^ Dried Cow's-dung, uled for Fewel, fron) 
the Butch! Kofhy fimus, c^num, q. d. Cotbings^ Skin^ 

CatS'footy Ground-ivy. 

A Cbar^ A particular Bufmefs, or Talk ; froni 
the Word Charge. That Char is chard. Sec. That 
Bufinefs is difpatch'd. I have a little Char for you, 
^c. A Char is alio the Name of a Fifli of the Trout 
kind found in Wlnander^mere in fVeftmoreland, and in 
a Lake in Carnarvanjhire, by the back of Snowden. 

To Chare, To Stop, as char the Cow, /. e. Stop or 
turn her. Alfo to counterfeit, as tor^S^^r a Laughter, 
f o counterfeit it. B 3 Chats \ 

««' Nw'th Country Jf^erdt^ 

Cbats^ Keys of Trees, as JJh-chatSy Sycomore^ 
chats^ &c. 

A Cbaundler^ A Candleftick, Sheffidd. 

To Cinevi^To fuccccd, as, // cbieves nought wiW 
bim ; fo, Fair chieve yoUy I wifli you good Luck, 
g<XKl Spced^orSuccefs^from Atchievtp^ Jfbosr^n^ 
or perchance from the Frencb Word -Cbeviri to 

• Ciai9rpj;, Irons at the Ends of Fircs,tokeepupthe 
Fewel, In other Places called Cr^^/)i^j:, or Dogs^'f^ 

ToCfoji/jlo icrBOchytsoclaw. : 

. A Xjktch^ A 8r^0^d, a$ a .i:/f/ri6 of .C^iikros. 

A Clocks A Beetle or Dor, a Hot chafer. This is: 
a general Word, in this Senfe, ali E^i^ftd over. 

T6 C/^'tf^^, A Word of frequent ufe in Uncolnjhire^ 
fignifying to glue together, to fatten with Glue Ab^ 
AS. Clasmiari, becl^mian. Oblinere^ unde nojlrum 
clammy, yf 5. Clam, Plafma^ emflafirum: Dafiu. 
Kliiner. Gktino. Nefcio dutem an zerbum da^rmin 
6f T'Om. Clam crta ftnt a hat. Limus, Limus^ enim 
propter lentoretn ndtnotis corporihus adk^ret. Skinner, 
in Torkjhire^to cledme or clam ifir fOf fpread thick, as. 
He clearrCd Butter on his Bread,*theColour5 are laid 
on as if they were r/tf«r^d( on with a Trowel, fpokeri 
of Colours ill laid on ?n a Pidure. 

Clm^d^ or Cldtn^d^ Starved, becaufe by Famine^ 
theGuts and BoiJvels are as it were clammed or ftiKk 
together. Sometimjcs it fignifies thirfty, ^nd we 
know in Thirft, the Mouth is very often clammy:^ 

A Clougb^ A Valley between two fteep Hilis. It 
is an ancient iStfy^» Word, derived (as Skimer (2Xt\\) 
from the Verb xo cleave. Cle^Ti, of the Clough^ &C/ 
•A famous Archer. 

• Clumps^ Clumjpfij Idle, lazy, unTiandy, ineptttSy 
a Word of common iafe in Lhuolnfaire^ a vet. Fr. G* 
Cloppe, claudus^' vet i Belg, Kloftte, Klonter, vel 
'potius Klompe, Teut. Kluftvp, Maffa^ q. d. Carnis 
majfa^fpirititsi^if^imi i^op^rSyVi^^^ £e^. Lonnpfch^ 

North Country Whrds. ijj 

Jiifpidus^piger^ hoc fort, a Lompe, Clompe majfa oh 
rationemjam dt£lam\ vel forte clomps corUr. (^corr. 
a npjlro clownifli, Sf^inner. This is, I fuppofe, tbi 
fame with onr clumzy, in the South, Signifying 
unhandy, cluntpfi with Cold, r. e. benummed, or it 
may be from ///w/)^, fjcavy, (dilHi frqm the Subfti 
lunjp^ mafia. 

CluTt^^ Clofed lip, or ftopped, fpokcn of Hens 
when they lay not-, it is iifually faid of any thing 
^that is fhrivelled or (hf ur>k up : from cHng, 

Cluts^ or Clots^ fetafitcs, rather Burdock. 

A xluffum^d Hand -, A plun^fy fjand. 'Chefbire. 
Per Metathejin litfrarum. 

CoUyj Stout, hearty, brifk. 

A Coti^le, A Pcbbk. To fokkle with Stohcs,' 
to thrcv Stones at any thing. 

Cocket^ firifk, malapert. Dicimn:^ autem (verba 
funt Skifineri) He is very cocket^ de homine valetudi^ 
ftario quijwt meliufeule fe habet & convalefccreinjci* 
pity q. d. Eft inftar Galli alacer^ non ut prius hngui^ 
fiuSy vel aFr. Q. Coiqupter, Glocitare injiar Galli 
^allincsfuas vocantis^ vilfuperh^ incident if^ftar galif 
in fuofterquiiinio. 

A Cody A Pillow, a Pin-codt a Pin-cuftiioj|, A 
florfe-cody a Horfe-coHer. 

CW/, A Ilencoily a Hen-pen. 

Coke^ Pit-coal, or Sea-coal charred j it is now'be^ 
come a Word of general Ufe, a Lat. coquere^ q. d. 
Carlo co£lus, This Sort of C04I is now much iifcd 
|br the m eking of Lead. 

Cole^ or Kealy Pottage, Coleiport^ Potta^e-herb^- 
Pottagc was fo denominated from tlic Herb CcHe- 
wort, becaufe it was ufually tliercof made, and* 
Colewort fronrt the Latin Word Cattlis '^ ^(<^^» 
fignifying Brajica. GoodKeoflis half a Meal. Prov, 

A Ootiock^ A great Piggftv. 

To Cope a Wall, Tp cover it ; the Copings the' 
ypp, ^ Roof of the Wall. M A^i Coppc, Jpepc 

8 4 Mmni 


fi4 North' Country IVords. 

CtdmeHi fajiigium^ hoc a Cop^ Caput. This is z 
Word of general ufc, and not proper to the North 
Country only. 

Coprofe^ Papaver rbcsas^ called alfo Head-wark. 

Coppei \ Saucy, malepert, peremptory 5 alfo 
merry, jolly. The fame with Cocket. 

A Coop^ a Mucb'Coopy a Lime-coop \ A Cart, or 
Wain, made clofc ivith Boards, to carry any thing 
that otherwifc would fall out, i. e. a Tumbrel.— 7 
Perchance from the Latin Cupa^ which Fuller^ Mif^ 
eel. L 2. c. xi8. derives from the Hebrew y^p^ 
Belly : Whence he deduces our Englijh Word 
Cup^ and Couper. 

A FiJh'Coop is likewife a great hollo wyeflcKm^de 
of Twigs, in which they take Fifh upon Humber. 

A C^op is generally ufed for a Veflel, or Place to 
pin up* or enclofe any thing ; as that wherein 
Poultry are fhut up to be fed, is called a Coop. 

Counterfeits and Trinkets ; Porringers and Saucers. 
Chejb. • , 

A Crake^ A Crow. Hence Crake-berries^ Crow- 
berries, Crah \t the Name of an ancient Family 
with us (in theEaft Riding of 2br^/r^J as Crane^ 
Dove^ Her on n Sparrow^ Swallow^ &c. have given 
Sirnames fufficicntly known. Mr. ^rokejhy. 

' To Coup^ To exchange, or fwap ; Horfe-^coupers^ 
Horfc-buyers. V. Cope inS. IV. 

Crake-needle^ Shepherd's-needle, or the SccdVcff* 
fcls of it. 

A cranrrf Lad, Chejhire. A jovial, briik, Jufty 

A crajfantly Lad ; A Coward. Cbejb. In Lan- 
cajhire they fay Craddantly. 

To Credm-: To mantle, fpoken of Drink, it is 
a Metaphor taken from Milk: 

Creem it into my Hand, put it in Qily, or fe- 
crctly. Chejh. 

" To Cree Wheat or Barley, ^c. to boil it foft. ' 


NQrtb Country Words. 2^ 

Cr^aj/^ J Brifk, budge, lively, jolly. As crowfe 
as a new wafhen Loufe. Prov. 


'TpO Backer •, to waver, ftagger, or totter 5 a 
-^ Word ufed in LincoliiJhire\ paruw defiexofinfu 
a Belg. Datckeren, mctare^ motitare^ voUfare^ hoc d 
no7nine Dacck, Nebula : Vapores enim nehulofi huQ 
illucvel mimmo ventiflatuimpelluntur. Skinnerus. 
• To Daffe j to daunt. 

A Daffock ; a Dawkin. 
. Daft •, Stupid, blpckifh, daunted : a verbo Daffe. 

'Dare ; Harm or Pain. Darc^ in the antien Saxon 
fignifics Hurt, Harm, Lofs. // does me no dare^ 
1. c. no harm! So in Effexy we (ay, // dares me^ i. c, 
it pains me. 

To Daw^ or Dow ; to thrive. He neither dees nor 
daws^ i. c. He neither' dies nor mends. He^lknc- 
'ver dowy i. c. He will never be good. ATeui. 
Dauwen,Verdauwen, concoquere, vel pptius a Dtycn^ 
Gedeyeh, Augefcere^ increfc'erey prcfijcere^ AS. Dean, 
Proficere^^igere. SV\nti{:r. 

, To Daw i ih common Speech is to awaken ; to 
be dawed^ to have ihaken off Sleep, to be fully 
awakened, and come to one's felf, out of a deep 
Sleep.' ' * • 

A DawgoSy • or Dawkin 5 a dirty, flattering 

A Dayes-man ; an Arbitrator ; an Umpire, or 
Judge.' For as Dr. Hammond obfervcs in his An- 
notation on Heb. x. 25./'. 752. The Word Day in 
all Languages and Idioms, fignifies Judgment. So 
M^^vim i^, Man*s day J i Cor. iii. 13. Is the 
Judgment of Men. So diem Hcere^ in Latin^ is 
to implead. * 


26 North Country U^ords. ' 

D^a^i 'Bread, Dough-baked, Dazed Meat 5 *IU 
roafted, by rcafon of the Badncfs of chc Fini. A* 
dazed Look, fuch as Pcrfons have when frighted* 

Ts dazed \ I am very cold. 

Deafely ; Lonely, folitary, far from Neighbours^ 

D^^r», fignifies the fame. 

Dearyy Little. 

Defi ; Little and pretty, or neat. A Deft Mian 
or 'I'hing. It is a Word of general Uic all JB/rf- 
land over. V »' 

To Deg. V. Leek. 

P^abfy\ Conftantly. 

To pejfe ; to lay clofc together, to dejfe Wobl, 
Straw, Qc. 

To Didder'^ to quiver with Cold, ^ S#7^. Sitte- 
rem Teul. Zittern, omnia a Jlridulo fono^ quern frigori 
horrentes &? trementes dentibus edimus. Skinner. 

A Dig ; A Mattock. In Yorkjhire they diftin*^ 
giWfti b)?tween dij^ing and graving, to dig is vrid^' 
a Mattock, to grave with, a Spade. Mr. Brokejby^ 

Dight ; DreOed : /// dight, ill drefled, from ih/^ 
Sa)cbn Dihlan^ parare^ infiruere. 

To Dight ; Chejhire, To foul or dirty one. 

To Ding^ to beat, forte a Tcut. Dringen 2 urgere^ 
premere^ elifd liiera r. 
- A Dingle^ A fmall Clough or Valley, bAwe^fi 
two fteep Hills. ' , 

To Dize i to put Tow on a Diftafi> • • 

Dizen'd^ Dreft.' 

Dodded Sheep, /. e. Sheep witl^out Horns. 

DodredV^\it2X\ is red Wheat without Beards. 

To Doffzxidi Don ones Cloaths, contrafted from 
do off, and do on ^ to put off and on. 

A Dmnaugbt or Donnat, [i. c. Donaught ;] 
Naught, good for nothing : Idle Pcrfons being 
copimonly fuch. Torkjhire. 

A Dole or Dool^ a long narrow Green in a plowed 
FifiMJeft unplowed. Common to the Soutb alfo. 

Doundrins ^ 

]>^$rtb ^Country ff^orA'^ tf 

r, Difi. Afternck^ns Drinkings > Auif- 
ijimdiere figaifying the Afternoon. DonsHnntr irt 

A l^fime Beaft, Chefo. That will be content 

kh noching^alfo tHrivmg, thsu: comes on well. . 

A Dootle^ a Notch made in the Pan into which 
the il*.a^ is ikftcned, of this Figure rr q. Doo taily 
i^e. Dove-^iU becaofe like a Pigcon*sTaiJ ejaendcd. 

A Dpuikr^ a Platter, fo called aifo ia the Souib^ 

Bowty^ Melanchblly, lonely. 

A Dri^pfty a farrow Cow, or Cow y^Yic^t Milk i$ 
dried ap. Drape-She^, Oves r^'imla^ tredo ab AS. 
'DrtSd^Expu^o. Skinner/ 

To Dra^i, to draw oat ofte Words. 

A true Dribble^ a Servant th^t is tnrfy iaboriouj 

Drauk'y Lelium-i peftum akera^ Ger. 
. Dree A, Long^ fetming tftdious beyond Eirp^a*^ 
tion, %ok^ of t Way. A htfrd BaRgtHfter, ^Afcil 
of a Per&Bk I ftijp|iE)fe it is -Orig^^ifly «o «K)re 
cfaMt dwfs ,tho' theire ibe bar<ity ah;jr W«t^ cfmorc 
frequent Ufe in the North Co^uhtry, ih the Scnfe 

Drozen *9 Fond, r«e7*"'« 

,A lt>uh^ a Pool of Watef . 

A0^un^eonable Body ; a Ihrewd Perfon, W, «fe 
the Vulgar exprefs it, a divellifh Fellow. As iTirr- 
tarus fignifies Hell, and a Ijhjngeon ; fo Dtiiygeoa 
js applied to both. 

J>ttrx^d or Darz^d out, it is fpokeft of Corn, 
4;hat b^ Windi twmng of it| &<« i^ beat^ii out of 
the Straw. 


JLJ3^A:^. He is tall of hk jSaA/. Hetitc 


aS North Country Wcrdi.' 

. EatMy mine Eam^ mf Uncle, alfo gen^n^ly tn/ 
Goflip, my Coippere, my Friend. Ab ASi. £am, 
S^eut, Ohm, Belg. Oon, Avunculus. Omnia ii La- 
tino Amit^yfort. ^ ant, Amitus. Hin^ Dan. 6?. Tent. 
Ammc, tutrix.: Mater teros enimfeu Amitce nepotes 
fuos nutrire folent is foipere. Skipper. 

To Eaniyio run as Chccfe doih. flamingo Cheef^ 
rcpnet, or renjng. Fa. Dial. 

The Eafier ; the Back of the Chimney, of 

fiathj Eafy . It is e^tb to do, i. e. ^AlCy. 

To EckU ox Ettle\ to aim^ intend, defign. 

£di/i/& iRoughings, ab AS. ebifc Gramen /erati'* 
num &f hoc a Prcsp. loquelari AS, Hd.rurfuSy denuo^j. 
d. Gramen quod denuo crefcit. Forte Eat^e. 

To Ecm, Cbejh. As 1 cannot Eem^ J hayc:^no 
leifure, I cannot fpare Time. 

Eever^ Cb^. Cprner qr Quarter. The Wind is 
infold Eevery i, c. a cqld Corner or Quarter, 

An El'fnotber, Cumb. a Step-mother. 

The Elder J thp Udder : It fignifies the ikmc 
thing in the Lo%v -Dutch. 

^den^ Fcwel for Fire, ab AS. lEXtd^ ignis. 
^lan, accendere. 

Elfe^ Before, already. I have dope that el&^ up. 
already. -^^ 

To £//, to kpead. 

To Ettle, to intend. 

An EJhin^ a Pail or Kit. 

Skeer, the EJfe ; Chejh. Separate th? dead Aftxe^ * 
from the Embers. . Effe being .tl|c DialeA of tSs^ 
County for AJhes. . / *• 

FAIN, Glad, Fair Words makes Fools fain^ 
From the Saxon FaBgan,'L<?//iij, b$laris^ 
nian, gaudere. Pfalm Ixxi. 2 1. In thcTj 


■ « I ■ 


Ndrtb Country fFofJi. 29 

of our Liturgy : Aty lips will he fain when I ftng 
nnto thee. 

Fantome Corn, lank or light Corn: Fantome' 
Flefti, when it hangs loofe on the Bone. A Fantcme^ 
a conceited Perfon. The French call a Spirit, ap- 
pearing by Night, or a Goft, a Fantofme^ from 
Pbantafma^ Spe£lrum. So then Phantojme Corn, is 
Corn that has as little Bulk or Solidity in it as a* 
Spirit or Spcftre, 

Far and is ufed in Compofition, as Fighting-Far^'* 
rand^ i. €. in a fighting Humour. V. Aud-farand. 

Farantlyy Handfome. Fair and /tfr^?»//Kr fair and- 

Faftens-Een, or E*ven^ Shrove .Tuefday ^' the fuc- 
ceeding Day being Ajhwednefday^ the firfl: of the 
Lenten Faft. 

Fanfe^ q. Falfe, cunning, fubtle. 

To Feal^ to hide. He that feals can find. Pro. /. e 
He that hides, Csf r, r 

To Fee^ to winnow : Perchance the fame with 
Fey^ to cleanfe, fcour, or drels. 

jRjf ,Fair, handfom, clean : From the Saxon Fager 
by Apocope : To feg^ to flag or tire. 

To Fena^ to Ihift tor, from defend, ^^r aphcsrejin. • 
Inde Fendahkj one that can fhift for himfelf. 

Feftgfg'pennyy Earneft given to Servants when 

To Fettle^ to fet or go about any thing to drels 
or prepare. A Word much ufed. 

To Few^ to change. 

To Ftf or Feigb it : To do any thing notably. 
To fey Meadows^ is to cleanfe them: To fey z 
Pond, to empty ic 

A Flacket^ a Bottle madein Fafliion of a Barrel. 

A FUatn^ wCxAmsA,^ .A ^ <Kfiai» Prov. 

To i%7, tiKiHi|^lii^< • ^^' 

M FeHov;?« i v *Ri* 

30 Ndrib Country tFordL 

A Flettk\ a Gate to fet up in a Gap. I iSmdi^f^ 
ftand by Mr. Jbrokjhy^ that this W6fd FkakikW^xftc^ 
vthe fame as Hurdle^ and i3 made of Hafel^ or other 

Fluijh^ q. Flitid ; wafliy^ tender, #eak, percBwinto 
from the Low.Putcky Flam v f^nt, f?eble. 

To Blizze V to fly off, f^om the Low Dmk% JK2^ 
vsMi to fty* arid i^V/jf/J^, an Arrow oir Shaft. 

A Flizzin^i a Splinter, of the fame origtaaTt. 
they feeip to N made from the found».p^r 5.«¥**»««'- 

ToJRKte; tofcoWor. brawl; from the Sastm 
FMntant to cotitend, ftrive, or brawl. 

Flowijb ; light in Carriage, impudica. 
• Flawry vFloi^id, h^ndibm, fair, of a good Com* 

Flowter'd'y Affrighted, yf F/^/^r, a Fright; 

A Flurcb ; a Multitude, a great many s fpokeB of 
things, not Perfons, as a F/^r^i^ of Strawberries. 

Fogge \ Long Grafs remaining' in Paftiirea^titt 

Foift', Fully. 

To Fermat or Ftfrmel\ to bcfpcak^ny tlvidg^ 

from F^r^ and.wj/ (as I fuppofe) (igoifying in. the 

ancient jDn«5i&, a Word,yrrwer. Formal otFpfma!^ 

in the &2jr^;ri figni&esa Bargaia,aTreaiy^4A Agi%c»< 
ment, a Covenant* 

Fore-worden \ with Lice, Dirt, iSc. i. e. oiftr* 
run widi. 

A Forkin-Rohhin^ an Earwigs called ffiom it$ 
forked T^ail. 

Fortbiu and Ftnrthy^ therofbne. 

jRz^^ Ciig&. Fowi. Var. IXal. 

A Foutnart^ a Fitchat. 

Te Fare-bM^ » pircdcterminc. Pcov; i'i? /ir^- 
i&f^ naughi^ hut builiifig Kirks ^ and kwpiffg o^tr *um. 

Freekg£^ Sheffield. Privilege, Immunitas^ 

Fretn'd or Fremt^ far off not related to, or 
flrangc, at Enmity. From the Szxon and Dutch 


N&rtb Coimiry- Words. - jt 

£rtmb*d» advena extents^ alienigenay a Stranger or 
Alien, froiA the Pircpofitioa Ffam j Fra from. 

Frim \ Handfome, rank, welUiking, in good 
Cafe, as. ^frim Tree or JBeaft, i.e* a thriving Tree 
or Beaft. A ff^aJIica F rum : velfortlab AS.FxamxdLn^. 
^alerCy prodejfs. 
. To Fri/i ; to truft for a Time, Frifien in D^ubj 
is to give Refpit, to make a Truce.. Ab AS. Fyrftaui 
^Frougb\ Loofe, fpungy: Fr^«fi& Wood, brittle-. 

A Fruggan\ the Pole with wiiich they fbir Alhes 
in the Oven. 

A Frundele.\ two Pecks. 

AFudderi a Load. It relates properly to Lead;, 
and figniftes a certain Weight, viz. eight Pigs, or. 
fixteen hundred Pounds^ from the High Dutch Fudtr^ 
lignifying a Cart-Load. Hoc forte (inquit Skinner) 
aTeia* Fuphren, vehere^ duare^ .^ . tant^ndem 
Gfnnia credo a hat. vehere. 

Fukes \ Ckejh. Locks of Hair- 
Where Fwred you ? Cumb. Whither went.yoa ? 

Fuzs^n or Fuzsn; Nourilhment, the fame with 
Pizpnox Foifon^ ufed in Suffolk^ fignifying there the 
natural Juice^or Moifture of any thing, the Heaff; 
and Strength of ir. Elfewhere, it fignifies Plenty, 
Abtindance, and is a pure French Word, Vid. Skinny. 


rr^HE Gale or Guile di(h ; the Tun^diflu Gait- 

JL ^'^^ '• ^ ^^^ ^°^ Wort. 
T'he Gail or Guile-Fat ^ the Vat in which ifec. 

Beer is wrought up. 

Gain ; Not. Applied to things is convenient, to 
Ferfons a£Uve, expert, to a w^y near, ihorcu The 
Word is, ufed in many Parts of England. 

A Gal/y- bauk i the Iron Bar in Chimney^A PA 
which. the Pot-hooks or Reckans hang,aTrammelt 

A Gang ; 



32 N^b CcUrary IVdrdii 

A GAfig ; a Row or Set, ^. g: of Tcc'th, of the - 
like. It is in this Scnfc a genfcral Word ailov^cr" 

To Garig ; to go or walk,' frbm the L&w Dutch ' 
Gangen ; both orTgtnatty from the Saxon Gan^ ligni- ' 

To Gare% to mike, catrfe of force ; from the 
Banijb Word Giori to make. 

A Garib ; a Yard or Backfide, a Cro/t 5 f^otn the . 
Saxon Geard^ z, Yard. Hertcc Garden. 

Garzihy Hedging-wood. 

A Gate ; a Way or Path : In Low Dutcb^'Caf. 
In Danijb Gade : From the Saxdfi Gan^ to go. It is 
ufcd for the Streets of a Tow A. Hencfe the Names 
of Streets in Tork^ Stone-gafe^ Peter-gate^ JVaum- 
gate^ &ۥ And fo in Leice/ier. HUmbafton-gatey Bet" 
grave-gatey &c. Porta is a Barr. 

A Gavielock\ a Pitch, an Iron Bar to enter Stakes 
into the Ground, or the like Ufes. 

A dauntry \ That on which we fet Barrels in a 
Cellar. A Bccr-ftall. ' 

To Gaujier j as Goyftcr. Fid. Southern Words. 

A Gaul ; Lane, a JLeaver 5 ab AS. Geafle, Pa- 
lauga^ VeSlis. 

Gaulick'Hand \ Left Hand., I fuppofc from' 

A Gawn or Goan \ Chejh. a Gallon, by Contrac- 
tion of the Word. 

To Ghybe or Gibe ; to fcold. Elfewere to Gihe 
is to jeer. 

To Geer or Gear 5 to drefs Snogly gear% neatly 

A Gibbon ; a Nut-hook. 
^ A Gib'Jiaff', a Quarter-ftafF. 
• Giddy •, mad with Anger. The Word Giddy is 
common all England over, to fignify DizTy^ or hf 
a Metaphor, unconftant, Giddy-headed ; but not to 


North Country ^Words. 33. 

fignify furious, or intoxicated with Anger; in 
which Senfe the Word NUd is elfcwhere ufed. 

Gliders^ Snares. 

A GimmerAzmh^ An Ew-lanrib, fcrt q. a Gam- 
mer-ladib,Garameris aConcr^iftion of God-mother, 
and is the ufual Compellation of the comition Sore 
of Woitien. A Gf// jB^/^w^r, a l>arrea Ewe. 

G/«, Gifj In the old Saxon is G//, from whence 
the Word If 'is made per apbccreftn Uteres G. G//, from 
the Verb Gifan/dAre^ and is as much as Dato. 

Glad^ Is fpoken of Doors, Bolts, ^c, that go 
fnioothjy and lopfcly. 

Glave or Glaffj Smooth, Giavervig is generally 
ufed for flattering with fmooth Speech. A glaver* 
/»j^ Fellow, a fmodth-tongued, flattering Fellow. 

To Glaffer^ or Glaver^ Chejh. To fliatten 

Gkticn^ Wciftx flannel. 

GloFd, Chejh. Wedded to, fond of. ^ 

GUiten'dy CheJh. Surprized, (tartled. 

To be^/;^;w,iTo look fadly, or fourly, to frown, 
contradted from Gloomy^ a Word common to th;: 
Vulgar, both in the North and South. 

ToXily or Glee, Lincoln/h. to look afquint. Limis 

feu difiortis oculis inftar Strabonis contueri^ forte ah 

i/iS. Gkysin^ Belg. Gloeyen, Teut. Gluen, ignefcere^ 

candefcere^ q. d. incenjis i^ prce ira fiamraantibus 

oculis Confpiccre. Skinner. 

To Goam^ To grafp, or clafp. In Torkjhire to 
mind, or look at. We pronounce it Gaum and 
Gauve^ andfpeak it of Perfons that unhandfomely 
gaze or look about them. Mr. lirokefly. 

Goulans^ q, d. Goldins ; Corn-marigold. In the 
Sx)Uth we ufually call Marygolds dimply -golds ; 
from the Colour of the Flower. 

A Gooly A Ditch, JAncolnfb. Lacuna fori, a liel^. 
Gouw, Aggcr^ Aquagiura^ velaFr. G. Jaul^^ Gaiultr, 
Latine Caveola^ qmniam uM infoffam^fcrohem feu Incur 
nam bujufmodiincidimus^ca tcnquajn cavea autxarrea 

^4- North Country Warii. 

dednentur, &c. Skfrt. Hence a Gully and Gullefi S 
Jitilc'Oitchi and Gttllet, ihe Throat, or rather from 
ihe Latin Gu!a ; from whence, perchance, Gool it- 
ftlf may be derived. 

Goofe-grafs, Goefe tanfie^ Argentina. Called alfa 
by fome Anferina, becaufc eaten by Geefe. 

Goping-full, As much as vou can hold m yauf 

A GopptnfuU ■, AYeepfcn. Vid. South Words. 

Goppijh^ Froud, pettic, apt to take Exception. 
■ Grijly:, Ugly, from Grize, Swine. Grify ujually 
fignifies fpccklcd Of black and white, from Grifeus. 

Guizen'd, Spoken of Tubs or Barrels that leak 
through Drought. 

Gyp_fies^Spring<i that break forth fomclimesontlie 
Woulds HI Torkjbire. They are look'd upon as a 
Prognoftickof Famine or Scarcity.And bo wonder 
in that ordinarily they come afterabundancc of Rain. 

Greatbly^ Handfomcly, Towardly. In Greatb, 

Graibt Affured, confident. 

GreeSt or Gfiece, Stairs, from the French 
GreZj and both from the Latin Gradus. In Norfolk 
they call them Griffens. 

To Gritty or Gr«/, To weep, or cry ; it (cems 
to come from the Italian Gridare, to cry, or weep. 
Vex Stotis ufitaliffima. To Greet and Tetol, Cumh. 
To weep and cry. For Ycwl, in the South, they 
fay yawl. 

A Grip or Gripe^ A little Ditch, or Trench, 
Fojfula ab AS. Grasp, Foffula^ cuniculKS. ■ ^iaa 
"Word is of general Ufe all over England,- -i 

A Grove, Lincolnfiire, a Ditcli, or Mine, ^ Belg. 
Grotvcy fefa, to grove^ to grave, .-; Bflg. Graven, 

Grouty Wort of the laft runing. Skinner makes ic 
to fignify condimentum cerevijia, tnuftum #< ■■■ — ■ J * * t 
yiS. Grut. Ale before it be fully br^ 
jicw Ale. It fignifies alfo Millet. 

Norib Country Mortis, 55 

■ ■ I Grew, I am troubled. 

To Grozvzc, To be cKill before the beginning 
of an Ague-fit. 

To GuilU To dazzle, fpoken of the Eyes. Chefi>, 
. A Gun, A great Flagon of Alt, fold for three- 
pence, or Four-pence. 


A Hack. Lincolttjb. forte c.h A S. Hcggc, Hxg» 
Sepes, Seplum, vel H^ca, Belg. Heck. P°f- . 
fulus^ repagulum, vel I ecus re^agulis feu eancelits Clm- 
Jits i Kohii autemparum defiexo feHfu Fxni eondilorumt 
feu Pfxfepe .canctllatum fignat^ a Rack. Sktmtar. 

A Hackt A Pick- ax, a Mattock nude only with 
onci and that a broad end. 
' It Mm^"> It hails, Var. Dial, ab AS. HagaU, 
Uagle, Grande. 

. Hagbes, Haws, Var. Dial, d^ AS. HagMi, 

To h^ke. To fneak, or loiter. 

Hnnty^ Wanton, unruly, fpoken of a Horfe, or 
the like, when Provender pricks him. 

To Hoppe^ To cover for Warmth, from Heap^ 
as I fuppofe. to heap Clpaihs on me. 
. Bappa^ Hapyty Think y:ou ? 
. To barden^ as, the Market hardens, i. e. Things 
grow dear. 

A Harl, A Mift. 

Hariff and Cattbwetdt Goofc-greafe, Apar'tne. 

Hams, Cumb. Brains. 

A Sea Harr, Unedfifb. Tempefias i mart ingrttais, 
forte eb AS. Hsrn, Flujlrum, atjlas. Skin. 

'A Harry-gaud, A Riglby, a wild Girl. 
■ Hart-clever^ iVlcfliiot. 

A Hafpat, or H^rfpenald Lad, between a Man 
and a Boy. 

36 North Qmtry U^oriii. 

Hattie, Cbejb. W^ild, ikittifc, haritrfui: S'/V /&f 
battle Ky by the Horn^ i. e. The (fcittilh Cow. 

A Haiiocky a Shock, containing twelire Sheaves 
of Oorft. 

Haver^ Ctmb. Yorkjh. Oats ^ it is a Lorn Dutch 

The Haufe, or Hofe^ The Throat, ab AS. Hals, 

An Haufty or Hcjie^ a dry Cough. J'o hoftty ta 
cough, from the Low Dutch Word hoeftetiy'to 
cough, and boefiy a Cough \abAS. HwoftaD,/^rib 
to trough. 

It bazes^ It ini(les« or rains 'fnfiuUR«n. 
To Htfey or bdufcy To hug, or carry in the 
ArmSj td embrace. 

To Healdj As when you pour outof a Pot. 
A Bed-beulingy Der^. A Coverlet, it is allo.called 
abfolutely a bylling in many places. To ^4/ iigni^ 
fies to cover in the South. Vid. Sufs, from the Sa- 
xon Wordbelan^ to hide, cover, or heal. 

The Heck, The Door. Sf^ek the bed. Hence 
batch cum afpirat. 

An Heck, a Rack forCattle to feed at. Vid, 

Heldar^ Rather, before. 

An Helm^ a Hovtl. I fuppofe, as^ it is a Co- 
vering, under whi<:h any thirig is «fet. Hence a hel- 
mety a Covering of the Head, ab AS. Helan. 

Hehe^ or belawy Balhful, a Word of common 
Ufe. Heid^ in the oldSai^on^ Cgnifies Health,StFety. 
A Henting^ one that wants good Breeding, that 
behaves himfelfcidwnilhly. 

Heir- looms \ Goods left in an Houic^as it were 
by way of Inheritance.. Some (landing Pieces of 
Houfhold Stuff- that 00 with the Houfc. From i^ir 
tod Lcnm, i. e^ any Utenfil of Houfhold Stuff. 

Heppen^ or beply. Neat, handfome, Torkfl^. Skm^ 
mr expounds ii dexter^ agilis^ and faith it is ufed in 


• (S. » . 

J^ortb Country Words. 37 

JLmcInJhire^ fori. Jk A S. H:^plic, compar^ vtlfo- 
tius Belg. Hcbbclick, habilis^ decens^ aptusj velg-d. 
Helply, /'• ^.^ helpful. 

HetteTy Eager, earneft, keen. 

flight J called ab AS. Haten, gehaten, Vocdtus a 
Verbii Hatan dicere^ jubere^ Tiut. Hciflen, w/»«»^r/, 

To bigbij Cumb. To protnife or vow, as alfo 
the SaxonVerh halan fometimes fignifies, Ujie Sum- 
nero im DiSionariO'SaxonicO'Latino-AngUcOj fo it 
fecTis to be ufcd in the Englijh Meetre of the four- 
teenth Verfc of Pfalm cxvi. I to the Lord will pay 
my Vows^ which Itg him behigbt. ^ So alfo it is ufed 
in Chaucer^ for prpmifed. ' 

Hind'bcrrif^j R^fp berries, ab A S, Hindberi- 
an. Forte ftc diSia^ t^uia int:erhinnutos ^ cervos^ i.e. 
in Sylvis £5? faltibu$ crefcunt, 

HifUj Hence. Cumb. Var. Dial. 

Hine of a whil^, «re long-, q. d. beliinc', or after 
a while. 

A Hipping'holdy or hawd^ ^ Place where People 
flay to chat in, when they are fent of an Errand. 

rhe /&^, Th€ back of the Chimiiey, 

Hod^ Hold. Var. Dial. 

Hole^ Hollow, deep, an bole Pilh, oppofed to 

A Hogy a Sheep of a Year old ; ufcd alfo in 
Northampton and Leicejier Shires^ where they alfo 
call it a Hoggrel. 

HoOjbe\ In the North- weft Parts of England^ 
moft frequently ufed for Jbe^ ab AS. Heo, Hio, a 
Lat. Ea fortajfe. 

A Hoop^ a Meafure, containing a Pecki or 
Quarter of a &rike. Twh^^ 

A Htxpptt^ a licde Htt^!b«l(lie$w Ififdo a» ^ 

Coii^C&ith S}A9m^ giidit^Jerwi. ^^ &i.^^sm ca- 

. ninam literamxpropter ei^k ommi ll ^imk»^ m^' 


'3^ North Country Words. 

Horftknops^ Heads of Knapweed fo called, f. 

The Houfe^ The Room called the Hall. 

A Gill-bout er. Chejh. An Owl. 

Hure^ Hair, Var. Dial. 

To bype at one, To pull the Month awry, to do 
one a Mifchief, or Difpleafure. An Ox is alfo faid 
to lypCy that piifhes with his Horn, 


JAnnock^ Oaten Bread made into great Loaves. 
The Jaumoi the Door, the fide Poft. This 
Word is alio ufed in the South, where they fay the 
Jaum of the Chimndy •, from the Frincb Jamie^ 
fignifying a Leg, 

Jimmcrsy Jointed Hinges, in other Parts called 
Wing-hinges. V • "" 

To ///, to reproath, to fpeak ill of another, ufed 

Innom-larley^ Such Barley as is fown the fecond 
Crop after the Grburid is fallowed. 

An Ingy 2L common Pafture, a Meadow, aWord 
borrowed from the Danes j Ingj in that Language, 
fignifying a Meadow, ' " • * 

^^S^^t Cumh. Fire, a 31aze, or Flame, i iM. 
Ignis. , 

To Infenfey To inform, a pretty Word, ufed 
ahowx. Sheffield m Tor kpre. ■ : - •• . • *', 

Jurnutf Eairih-nut, Bulbocafianum. 

••••,.'. f . . .f 


ft 4, 


KJle^ or Cale^ turn, vicem. Ckejh: .. • 

Kate, or Keal, for Pottage; Vi40 C4U. . . 
Kazzardly \ Cattle fubjeft to dye,* hazardous, 
fubjf a to Cafualties. ^ '.^ ..>.;: 

A Keale:^ Lincotnjh. z> Cold ^ tuffis a frigorec^tfiti^ 
iCy ab 4 S. Cclah, Frige/cere. - . • ' To 

k •• t 

North Country Wardu ■ 39 

To Ked^e^ To fill one's felf with Meat. A Keige- 
helhf, TielluQ. 

To keeve a Cart, Cbefii. Toovcrthrowit, or to 
turn out the Dung. 

To kefty To know, asl'ken him not, a* ^S. 
Kenflan, Kes is commonly ufed of viewing, or Pro-' 
fpcd with the Eye. As far as i can ken, i. e. As far 
as the Sight of my Eye can reach •, and fo out vf 
Ken^ \. c. out of Sight. 

Kenfpecked, Marked or branded, notfl injigniius^ 
q. d. maeulatusfeu maculis diftin^us ut cognofcatury ah 
AS, Kenmn Jcirg df Specce macula. Skinner. 

To kep. To bokcn, fpoken when the Breath is 
ftopt upon one's being ready 10 vomit. Alfotoit^ 
a Ball, is to catch it, to keep it from falling. 

Kkkle, or Kiltie, uncertain, doubtful, when a 
Man knows not h.i.s own Mjncj. 

To keppen. To hoodwink, 

A Ketty Cur, A nafty, Jlii?king Fellow. 

A Kid, a imall Faggot of Underwood, or Brufli- . 
wood, forte a ccedendoj y. d. f^fciciflus ligvi cadyi. 

A Kidcrow, a place for 4 flicking Calf tojbe jn. 

Kilps, Pot-hooks. 

A Kimttel, or KemUn, a Powdering Tub. 

To Kink, It is fpoken of Children when their 
Breath is long (topped thro' eager crying.or cough- 
iog.Hencc the Kink cough* called in other Places 
the Chin-cough, by adding an Afpirare. 

A Kit, or mjlkiog P^il like a Churn, with two 
Ears, and a Cover, a Relg. Kitte. 

A KitCy a belly. Ctmh. 

To kVck up, Lincdlnfh. to catch up, celeriler corrl- 
pere, nefcio an a Beig. Klacken. 

Klulfen 1 £>H/itere, vd ti Latino clepere, hoc a 
0rffco '^•^•'' Skinner. 


4© North Country ffords. 

To kjii^ek. To fpcak finely. And it is ufed of 
fuch as do fpeak in the Souihern Dialeft. 

A Knighle Man, An aftive or flcilfulMan. I 
fufpc^ ic to be the fanne with Nttle. 

A Knoll, A little round Hill, ak AS, Cnolle. 
The top or cop of a Hill, or Mountain. 

A koty thing, A fine Thing. 

Kyi ; Kine. Var. Dial. ' 

Kyrk -, Church, "o^w™'. 

Kyrkmajier.) Church-warden, 

TO Laku, To play, a Word common to all Hie 
North Country ; vtl {inquH Skimerus) aS 
AS. Plasgan, ludere,reje£fo P. a;. Diptbovg. inJimpU 
a ^ g in cvelk mutatis,vela Teuton. & Belg. Lachen 
rider e vel quod ccsteris lottgeverijimilius eft a Dan. Lec- 
ger lude. Idea autem hssc vox in Septentrionali AnglieB 
regione, nen in alts invaluit, quia Dani illam partem 
primam invaferunt ^ penitus occuparunt, uno vel al- 
tera feculo priufyuam reliquam Angiiam fuhjugariait. 

The Lflngot of the Shoe-, The Latchet of the 
Shoe, from Laa^a*/ Lingula, a Utile Tongue or ' 

Land; Urine, Pifs, it is an anticnt 5jwff Word 
iifed to this Day in Lancafiiirty Semnir. Wc &y 
Lant or Leivt. -. - 

To Uint Ale, To put Urine into it to make it 
ftrong. . . 

Laming, They will give it ho kneing, i. e. thev , 
will divulge it, ■ ■ . ' ' 

Lare, Learning, Scholarfhip. Var. Dial. 

Lai. q. late, flow, tedious, lat JVcek, let Wea- 
ther, wet, or othcrwife, unfrafonablc Weather. 

A Lath is alfo called a Lacin the Norcherni 
lea. '* '^ 

Latching, Catching, infeding. \ 

Vf$rib Country Wori^ j^% 

■ Td Idtiy Cwwfi. to fedc 

A hathe -, a Barn, fori, a vsrbe Lade, quafr-t^bus 
eneratur. Skinner,. /^t/. 

Lathe^ Eafe, or Kelt, ab AS. Lacian, ^fferre, 
tardarey cun&ari. 

Lalhng', £ntreaty, or Invitation. Touneedno 
Laihi^^youiiead ni^Inwttation or Urging laijiS, 
G«UdRian, to bid, invite, dcBre to come. 

Tba Lavty all the reft. Cumh. 

A Lawn, a Place in the midft of a Wood free 
from Wood, a Laurid in a Park, a Fr. G. Lande, 
Hijp. Landa ; inculta plamties. 

Lasy, Naught, bad. 

Leach, Hard-work, which caafts U Acht in the 
iW'orkmcn's Joints, frequent among our Miners in 
the North. ■ ' 

A htaidai, or Lidden^ aNoife oc Din, ab AS. 
Hly^it, claaare, gafrire, tumultuari, to make a 
Idoife, or Out-cry, to babble, to chatter, to be tn^ 
mulcuoui,' tffyd, Tunsiilt, Noife. 

To /m» nothing. To conceal nothing, ^ leave 
notkingi or from th« old Swm Word Leanniy to 
Jhun, avoid, declini^. 
■ Ta>k4r; To learn. Var. Dial. 

Leaib, Ceafingi'Iatermiflton i as, iVi? Ltath if 
fekn ftam the Wordlea/tiei no leaving of Pain.. 

Leek on j pour on morr Liquor, v. g. 

t^eeten you, C^i/b. Make y^rfelf^ pretend to 

Leetk-tvake-, Limber, piiabic. 
Leits \ Nomination to Offices in Eleftion, ofeeiu 
ufcd in Archbifhop Spotwcod's Hiftory, q. Lots, 

LeftaU Saleable, that weighs Wdl in the Hand, 
that is beavytin lifting, insm the Vorb'LifTv aa^t 

_jrQ lib. To geld. A Ubhcr, a Sow-gelder, 
, lumJbor. 


44 North -Country tVordt. 

To %, To lie, Var. Dial. It is near the Saxon 
licgan-, to lie. 

Ling, Health, Erica-, Torkjbire. i 

To /f^», to reiy on, or trull to. Scot. 

Litber^ Lazy, idle, flothful. A Word of gene- . 
ral Ufe, ab A^. Lidh. Liedh. Lenis Alludit Gr. 
'A>'k lavis, glaber, i^ ^■^' JimpUx, tenuis. Skinner. 

IJtbing, Cbejb. Thickening, fpokcn of a Pot of 
Broth, as Utbe the Pet, i. e. put Oatmeal into it. 

A TJte, a few, a little, per Apocopm. 

To Ute on, to rely on. 

A Uten, a Garden. 

To /(■/, To colour, or dye i a linendofup. litem. 

A Loe, a little round Hill, a great Heap of 
Stones, ab A S. Lawe, Agger, acervus, cumulus, in- 
mulus, a Law, Low, Loo, or high Ground, not 
fuddenly rifmg as an Hill, but by little and little, 
tillable alfo, and without Wood. Hence that Name 
given to many Hillocks and Heaps of Earth, to be 
found in alt Parts of England, being no other buc . 
fo much congefted Earth, brought in a Way of 
Burial, ufcdof the andents, thrown upon the Bo- 
dies of the Dead. Somner in DiSien. Saxon. 

A Loom, An Inftrument, or Tool in general, 
Chejh. ADyUtcnfil,asaTub,£^f. 

Loert^ q. Lord, Gaffer, Lady, Gammer> ufe4 
in the Peak of Derlyjhire. 

A Loop, an Hinge of a Door. 

To lope, Lincoln. To leap, Var. Dial. 

A L&p, a Flea, ab AS. Loppe, from leaping. 
Leps and LJce, ufed in the South, (. e. Fleas and 

Lopperd Milk, Such as ftands fo long till it fours 
and curdles of itfelf. Hence a lopperd Slut. 

Lowe, Flame, and to lomty to flame, from the 
High Dutch Lohe. '. , . ■ 

A Lil^f-low, a Bellihleiz, a coc ' - - »— ' 



't^tb Country IVordi.. 43. 

To ■ Lawh i. e. To weed Corn» to look out 
Weeds, fo in other Counrries, to look onc*s Head, 
i. e. to look out Fleas or Lice there. 

A Leutt a heavy, idle Fellow ; to lowt is a ge- 
neral Word for cringing, bowing down the Body % 
Tkey were very lotv is their l^ewtings. 

A Lewn, or Leont the fame vitlt a Lout, or more 
general for an ill-conditioned Peffon. The -Jw/j 
lay, zfauffe, i. e. falfe Loon. 

The L«/f, The open Hand. 


TO mob. To drefs carelelly, Mahs are SlatternSy- 
Mam-fwortf, forfworn. 

To maddUt To be fond. She maddUs of thif 
Fellow, 0ie is fond of him. She J) (as we fay) mad 
ef him. 

Make^ Match, m^tchkfst tnatclilefs, ^ AS. 
Maca, a Peer, an Equal, a Companion, Cpnfort, 

To mantle^ Kindly to embrace. 

A ^<irr«fc, a Companion, or Fellow. A Pair 
of ,G.Io7Cs, or Shoes arc not Matrovas^ i. t. Fellows. 
Vox generaUs. 

Mauks,MakeJf Maddotks\ Ma^oiy by Variation 
of Diaicft. 

Meuls, Mallo^es. Var. Dial. 

A 'Maand ; A Hand-baOcct with two Lids, ah 
AS.hiMfidL. B: G. Maqdc JtaL Madia, ^or^j 
nnfalus, ulrumque a Lat. Manxs quia propter aii/ai 
rpanu tommodt cirtumfrrri fjlt^^ SVinncr, It if ufed 
alfo in the South. 

24eatbt Vox agro Liitt, f^Mj^Ew« tU nU did- 

pius. i gave thcc the A/i J|e,Buf log, i. /. //^r 

eptieHiHi id^ieuiua»fon ffttUfiumptioniifa- 

edg^ M«;en, Po- 

\a,ft£e. dkinoer. 


44 North Country JP^ords. 

My Mtttttgb ; My Wivc*s Brother, or Siftcr'sf 

Meedlefs^ Unruly. 

Meet or M?/^,Meafurc* Vox general. Meei mw, 
jjult now. 

Meeierly^ Meet her ly^ Meederfy^ Handfbtneljr* 
modcftly, as^ifi; Meetcrly^ fromtneet, fie Weufe 
k tor indifferently^ nitdiocriicr, acia that Fiovsrii^ 
Meeterly as Maids are i}% Faimefs, Mr. JB>*. 

A Mellj a Mallet, or Beetle. -Malleus^ 

Meny^ A family, as we be fix or fcvcn a Mew^j 
i. e, hx or feven in Family, from the ancient French^ 
Mejnie^ fignifying a Family, v. Skinner. Hence a 
tncnial Servaiit. 

Menfeful^ Comely, gracefial, credtcing a Man* 

Merrybauks^ A cold Pofict Derb. 

A Met^ 3. Strike, or four I ecks, ab ^S^ M«* 
dius, in Torkjhire two Strike. 

Mirkle^ Much. 

A Middingj a Dunghill, it is an ancient -^^mm 
Word, a nomine mud forte, 

A Midge, a Gnat, ab AS. Mycg^ Mycgj?, 
fielg^ Mugge, Tern. Much, Dan. Myg. Omma ^ 
Lat. Mufca. 

ASlkneffe^ H Dairy. 

Mll'bolms 5 Watry Places about a MUl Danw 

Milwyn, Lancajh. Greenfifh^ fort, a mikoo f* fifr 
as mihifius. 

To mint at a chmg, to aim at it, to have a Miad 
to it. . - - 

To ming at one. To mention, ^b AS. Mj^ mgwm^ 
an A^dmonition, warnine,or minding, lo it HIttHiwjF 
faid, I had z,minging^ I mppofe^ oi an Aguv» ortte 
Mke Difeafe ; that is, not a peFfted^ Fit, buc A m«^ 
a» to put me in Mind oi it : •■ --"'• 

A Mnginater^ One that-makes Vvttmm^*wh 
a ruilick \VoTd'tiiedinfoEnePart of ltiM||i^ 
j.^pted, perchance, from Engine. M^ 

North Country Words. 45 

Mlfcreed^ defcried ; this, I fuppofe, is alfo only 
a ruftick Word^ and nothing clfe but the Word 
defcried corrupted. 

MJeichtj That hath got an ill Habit, Property, 
orCuftom. A AEftetcbt Horfe. I fuppoie q. iViil- 
teacht, miftaught,unlcfs it come from tetch,rordil- 
taft, as is ufually faid in the SovLih^ he took a Tetchy a 
Difpleafure or Diftaft; this Tetcb fecms to be only a 
Variation of Dialect for touch, and tecbey tor touciy:i 
very inclinable to Difpleafure, or Anger. 

A Mizzy ; a Quagmire. 

Atolter^ The Toll of a Mill, a Latino Mola. 

Mores^ /. e. Hills, hence the hilly Part of Staf^ 
fwrdfhire is called the Mor elands »hence alfo the Couni* 
ty of Weftmoreland had its Name, q. I'he Land, or 
Country of the VVeftern Mores or Hills, and many 
Hills in the North are called Mores^ as Stainfmores^ 
ISc, from the old Saxon Word Mor^ 2l Hili or 

. To Majker^ To rot, or contra6t Corruption, 
perhaps from gathering Mofle, as a^^^srVTrec, 
a Mpjkerd Tooth. 

Welly Moyder% Almoft diftraftcd. Cbejh. 

Muck^ Uncoln/h. Moid:, wet, a Belg. Muyck,' 
MblHsj kniSj mitis. Mollities ebim bumiditatem fequir- 
ittr. £lfewhere Muck fignifies Dung, or Straw 
thit lies rottingjwhich is ufually very moift. Hence 
thofe proverbial Similies, As wet as Muck^Muck-wet, 

Mugwort intheEaft Riding of i1?r^ir^, is the 
cifual Word for common Wormwood ; tho* they 
have there abundance of Artemifia ; which they 
call Motherwort. 
« Mdlock^ Dirt, orAubbUh. 

Murk^ Dark; MtrkUns^ in the Dark?, i0'Z)^«. 
.Mbrck, Fufius9^,'Nb}Viker% \i^j&i' iam Jsneira. 
Ckcurrit & Ant. Lai. Murctdus^ Mmxm^ fpkB Fifio 
idemfenant mod ipuMi^ limvyi': -^ ^Wora. italfo 
ufed in the Soutb^ JmUkipF* a . . \ 

.': ■ -? To 

46 N^rtb Country Jf^ords4 

To murU Ta crumble, 

A Murtb of Corn, Abundance of Gotn. Forte 
a More. 


N. ■ '• 

1 • 

A Nape or JV^f^f ; A Piece of Wood that h«fh 
Two or three Feet, with which they bear up 
the Fore-part of a laded Wain.This was t\MFurca 
of the ancient Romans^ thus defcribed by Fiutvfcb^ 
Iuxdf Ivt^v lis ufjLciieiu: o^ijw*, whiiih If. Cofauiony 
ExerciL 16. § 77. thus interprets, Significat effe lig- 
num divifum in altera extreme in duo comua^ quodfub* 
jicitur temoni plaujlrij quoties vclunt aurigci reSum 
ftare plaujirum oneratum. Furca was ufed iiT IcTCFal 
kinds of Punifliments. V. Cajaubon. ibid. P^» 
443, Edit. Franco/. 

A Napkin^ a Pocken Hankerchief, fo called 
about Sheffield in Torkjhire^ 

Najh or Neflx^^ Wafliy, tender, weak, puling. 
JSkinner makes it proper to IVorcefierJhirey and to be 
the fame in Senfe and Original with Nice. But I am 
fure it is ufed in many other Counties, I belietre all 
over the North weft Part of England^ and alfain the 
Midland, as in fVarvbickJhtre. As for the Etymology 
of it, it is doubtlefs no other than thft 2Ln{\&[it Sax^n 
Word NefCy fignifying foft, tender, delicate, cflfe-^ 
minate, tame, gentle, mild. Hence our Nefcookj 
in the fame Senfe, /. e. a Tendering, Somner. 

Nearrcy Lincoln, in ufc for ncather, ^b AS. Ncr- 
ran, pofterior. 

A Neive or Neiffe ; A Fift. 

A Neckabout', Any Woman's Neck Linnen.' 

My Neme^ My Goffip, my Compere, TFanvUi^ 
Jhire, v. Eame. 

Netherdy Starved with Cold. 

NeUing^ Chamber-lee, Urin. 


North Country Wordt. \f 

To nigh a Thing, To touch ic I did not nigh 
it ; i.e. I came not nigh it. 

Nit tie ^ Handy, neat, handfome. Fort, ab AS. 
Nyrlic, profitable, commodious. ( 

Nitbingj Much valuing, fparingof, zsnitbingoi 
his Pains, /. e. fparing of his Pains. 

A Noggin^ A little Piggin holding about a Pinty 
i Teut. Ncflcl 

Nor J Than, more nor I, /. e. more than I. 

To note^ To pufh, ftrikc or goar with the Horn, 
as a Bull or Ram, al A S. Hnitan ejufdemjignifica^, 
tion. Lancajb. Somner. 

A Note-beard^ a Neat- heard.. Van Dial. 


OMy^ Mellow, fpoken of Land. 
Oneder^ v, A under. 

Orndorns'y Cumb. Afternoons Drinkings^. cor- 
rupted from Onederins. 

An OJken of Land, an Ox-gang, which in feme 
Places contains ten Acres, in feme more. It is but 
a Corruption of Ox-gang. 

To oJjK To offer to do, to aim at, or intend to 
do, OJfing comes to bojfmg. Prov. Chejh. I did not 
^e, or meddle with it^ i. e. I did not dare, ^c. forte 
ab Audeo, Aufus. 

Oufen^ Oxen. 

An Overfwitcht Houfe-wife, /. e. a Whore, A 
Ludicrous Word. 

An Ox boofey an Ox-ftall, or Cow ftall, whcrie 
they (land all Night in the Winter, r.b AS. Bo/th. 
Prcefepe^ a Stall, 

An Oxter ^ an Armpit, Axilla. 

P- ' TO 


4^ J^ortk. Country Wor^< 


^ O 'Patiy To clofe, joy n together, agree, Pr ov; 
-■• Wtal andWaman cannot Pan^hut%m andWifiten 
tun. It feems to come ixotCiPan\n Buildings, 
which in jour Stoae Houfes is that Piece of Wood 
that lies upon fhe Top of the Stone Wall, ittidmuft 
clofc with it, to whkh the Bottom of the %^i^ are 
faftoed; in Timber Buildings in theSouth^it is 
CaH«d the Rafms or Reftn^ or Refening. 

PartUiSy Riiffs, or Bands for Women. Cb^ 
l^itus vox {inquit Skinmrus) fro Sndario^ pr^tH^fim 
quod drca collum geftatur, Minthew diSum puSai 
quqfi Portelet, quod circumfertur^ vel^ ut melius divi^ 
nat Cowel, a verboy to part, quia facile feparatur i 
corpore. Skinner. 

A Pate, A Brock or Badger, it is alio a geoei^I 
Word for the Head. Peat in the North is uftd Utc 
Turf digged out of Pits, and Turf appropriated e» 
the Top-turf, or Sod \ but in CamBrr4g^y&CQ. £eat 
goes by the Name of Turf. 

A mad Pajhy a Mad-brain. Cbejb. 

A Peltj A Skin, fpokcn chiefly of Sheep Skins . 
when the Wooll is otf, from Pellis^ Lat. The Pelt- 
rot is when Sheep dye for Poverty or ill keeping. 
Pelt is a Word much ufed in Falconry for the Skin 
of a Fowl ftuft, or the Carcafe itfclf of a dead 
Fowl, to throw out to a Hawk. 

Peale the Pot, cool the Pot. 

Peed, Blind of one Eye, he pees^ be looks with 
pne Eye. 

Peevijby Witty, fubtle. 

A Penhauky a Begger's Can. 

A Pet and a Pet Lamb, a Cade Lamb. 

Pettle, PettiOi. Var Dial. 

To Pifie, To filch. 

A Pin-panniebly Fellow •, A covetous Mifer, that 
pins up his Panniers, or Balkets. A Pig. 

North Country Words.- 4^ 

A Piggin 5 a little Pail or Tub, with an ercft 

It's pine^ q. Petti to tell : It is difficult to tell, 
ah AS. Pin. 

A Pihgle, a fmall Oroftor Pide. 

A Pkck^ a {^lace^ Torkjb. Lane, ah AS. Plccce^ a 
.Street, a Place. 

A Poke^ a Sack or Bag. It is a general Word 
in this Senfe all over England^iho' mottly ufed ludi- 
troufly^ as are Gang and Keal, (^c. becaufe bor* 
rowed of the Northern People. Hence P^^i&^/,a lit- 
tle PokCj and the Prbverbs, To buy a Pig in a Poke^ 
and when tbi Pig is profered^ bold ope the Poke. Mr. 
Brokejby informs me, that with them in the Eaft 
Ridtng of Totkjhirej theWord Sack is appropriated 
to a Poke that holds four Bufliels, and that Poke is 
a general Word for all Mcafures ; hence a Met- 
ftoke^^threfe BulhdPoke^ (^c. 

Poops^ Gulps in drinking. Popple, Cockle; 

To potif die Cloaths off To kick all off-, to 
pufll, orptit <Ait, from the French Poujfer^or^okv^ 
pulfare^ or ponere^ to put. 

Prattitji Softly. 

Pricb ; Thin drink. 

A Prinmk -, A pert, forward Fellow. Minfliew^ 
toefiiitit a Prcecox^ q. d. Adolefcens prcecocis ingenii % 
quod licet non abfurdumjit^ iatn'en quiafono minus difi 
crepat^puto potius diSlum quaji jam prithiim GalliSf 
qui fci. non il^a pridem pubertatem attigit, 6? rec€nsVe^ 
neris Jlimulos pinepit. Skinner. 
* Pubbie^ Fat, full, ufually fpoken of Corn, Fruit, 
arid the like. It is oppofite to fantome. 

A PuVt\ a Hole of (landing Water, is ufed alfo 
for a Slough pr Plafli of fome Depth. 

A Puitock Cundle : the leaft in the Pound, put 

in to make Weight. 


50 North Country Wtirds. 

^pHE ^eft of an Oven ; the Side thereof. Pies 
^ are faid to be quefted^ whofc Sides have been 
cru(hed by each other, or fo joined to them as 
theftce to be Icfs baked. 

^O Rack or Reck^ To care, never rack you, /. e» 
^ Take you no Thought or Care. From thean** 
tierit SaxonWbrd Recc^ care, znd Reccan^ to care fdr. 
Chaucer bath reckethj for caret h. Hence Retchkji^ 
and ReUhleffhefsj for carelefs, and carcleilhefs ; as 
in the Saxon. 

Race ; Runnet, or Renning. Hence Racy^ Ipo* 
ken of Wine. 

To rait Timber, and fo Flax ^nd Hemp, to put 
k into a Pond or Ditch^ to water it> to harden, ot 
featbn it. 

Radlings ; Windings of the Wall. 

To rame^ To reach, perchance from Rome. 

Rajh^ It is fpoken ot Corn in the Straw, thatU 
fi» dry that it eafily durfes out, or falls out of the 
Straw with handling \t.Vcxe£e -yiV^/^r 'Ow/*«loiriwoMi^iJiK 

To rauk^ To fcratch. A rauk with a Pin. Per- 
chartce only a Variation of Dialeft for rake. 

Redjhanksi Arfmart. 

To reek\ To wear aivay. His Sicknefs wiB 
reek him ; that is, fo wafte him as to kill him» 

Recknm, Hooks to hang Pots or Kettles on over 
the Fire. 

To reem^ To cry, Lancafi>lre^ab AS. Hrseman, 
Plorarey clamare^ ejulare^ to weep with crying and 
bewailing, Hrcam, ejulattts. 


l^brth Country Words. ri 

To rlEijUmbk^ Lincoln, as // rejumbki upon my 5/a- 
^acb. Fr. G. // regimbe fur fnon ejiomac^ i. c. calci- 
trat. Sic autem dicimus ubi cibus in ventricuh fluliuat 
C5f naujiam parity Verb, aut Fr. G. h Prop. Re, tf 
Fr. G. Jambe, //. Gamba ortum dut U. Skinner. 

To rembUy Lincoln. To move, or remove, y. d. 

A RewardyOt good Reward \ a good Colour, or 
kuddincfs in the Face,ufed about Sheffleldin Tor kJJj, 

Rinty, Hattdfome,Well-Ihap'd, (j^bkenof Horfcs, 
Cows^ fef^i 

To rind& ; To fep^ratc, dirperfe, ^c. Til ren* 
der them, fpokeh of feparating a Company. Per* 
chance from rending per paragogen 

Rennifl) ; Furious, p^lTionate ; a rennijh Bedlam. 

To reul^To be rude, to behave ones (elf unman^ 
tierly* to rig. A reuling Lad, a Rigfby. 

To reuze^ To extol, or commend highly. 

To rine^ To touch, ab AS. Hrinan, to touchy 

To ripple Flax, To wipe off the S^ed Veflels. 

Rooky J Mifty, ^ Variation of Dialed for Reeky. 
Reek is a general Word for a Steam or Vapour. 

RopSi GutSj q. Ropes^ funes. In the South the 
Guts prepared and cut oUt for Black- puddings or 
^inks, are called Ropes. 

Ream-penny J q. Rome-penny, which was formerly 
paid from hertce to Rome^ Peter-pence. He reckons 
up his Ream-pennies^ that is, tells all his Faults. 

A Roop^ a Hoarfncfs. 

Rowty \ Over-rank ^nd Strong \ fpoken of Qcra 
of G^afs. 

To rowfoT rawt ; To loWe like an Ox or Cow. 
The old S'ififoh Word Hrntan^ fignifics to fnorc^ 
fnore, or rout in fleeping. 

To ruck ; To fqiiat, or (hrink down. 
^ Runches^ and Runcbballsi Carlock when it is dry, 
gnd withered. 

D 2 Run^ 

52 North Country Words. 

Runtuh FoUard Wpod ; From runu)|( up apace. 

He rutes it -, Ckefi^. fpoken of ^ ChiW* h« cws 
fiercely, /. e. Yit-^rowts it, he bellows. 

Rynt ye ; By your leave, (land haiidfi>melya As, 
i?)^;^/ you IVit'cb^ quoth Be& Locket to h^ Mother^ 
Proverb, Chejhire. 


SAckkfsj Innocent, faulUefs, without! .Crime, or 
Accufatiori % a pure Saxon Word% fixim the 
Noun Sacy Saca^ a Caufe, Strife, Suit, C^ffurel^&r. 
and the Pnepofition kas^ withQUt. . ' 

A Saghe ; i. e, a Saw. 

To famme Milk ; To put the runing to it; to 
curdle it. 

A Sark ; a Shir^ 

SaughfWdSaufi Sallow. ' 

A Saur-pool ; a ftinlf ing Puddle. 

Scaddle ; That will not abide touching ; jpokeR 
of young Horfes that fly out. 

^^tf/i? ; Wild, fppken of Boys. 

A Scarre^ The Cliff of a Rock, or a naked Bod^ 
on the dry Land, from the Saxon Carre^ cafffis. 
This Word gave Denomination to the Towa of 
Scarborough. Pot/cars^ Pot-fhreds^oTbrokenPteogi 
of Pots. 

A Scrat ; An Hermaphrodite i ufcd of hSa^ 
Beafts and Sheep. 

Scrogs\ Blackthorn. 

Scrooky-grajs ; Scurvy-grafs. V$r. Dipl; . 

A Sean^ Lincoln. A ktfid of Net, Pr^cMiik 
contrail, a Latino &f Gr. Sagena. Skiiufer. 

Slaves J Rufhes, /eavy Ground, Ail|l asi i% ofttfr 
grown with Rufhes. . ;■ 

A Seeing-glafs^ a Looking-glafs. 

Seer •, Several, divers. They are fgXB^'figr^, 
Ways.Perchance feer is but a Con traction. of jj^l^ 

North Country Words. 5^ 

Sell, Self. 

• Silt J Chtjh. Chance, Its hut a felt whether^ it is 
but a Chance Whether. 

Semmitj limber. 

To fetter J To cut the Dew-lap of an Ox or cow, 
into which they put\H(f//^^(?r4^^r, which we call Set^ 
terwort, by which an Iffue \% made, whereout ill 
Humours vent themfelves. 

Senfy, Not: Sign, Likelyhood, Appearance, 

Senftne^ Cumb. Since then. Var. Dial. 

A Sbafman, Sbafmety or Shaftment : The Mea- 
furc of the Fid with the Thumb fet up, ah A S. 
Sesft mund, Semipes. 

Shan, Lincoln. Shamefacednef^, ^^ ^<$. Scande, 
confiifioj verecundia ; item abominatiOi ignominia. 

Shandy ; Wild. 

To Jheal\ To feparate, mod ufed of Milk. So 
to ^^^/ Milk is to curdle it, to feparate the Parts 
of it. 
. To^^^iir Corn ; To reap Corn. 

^oJhed\ No difference betweenThings, io Jhead, 
Lane, to diiltnguiih, ^^ AS, Sceadantodiflioguifh, 
disjoin) diyidc,or fever. Belgis Scheyden, Scheeden. 

Shed'Riners with a Wbaver. Chejh. Winning any 
Cafl: that was very good, /. e. ftrike off one that 
tduches, ISe. v. Ryne. 

Sboodsy Oat hulls, Darhyjh. 

The Sbot-fiagoHj or Come again ; which the Hoft. 
gives to his Gucfls if they drink above a Shilling.. 

A Sbippenj 4 Cow-houfe, ab AS. Scypene. 5/^- 
bjtlum^ Bcvikt ^ Stable,an Ox-ftall. 

A Shirt-band ; Torkjh. A Band. 

Sib'd, A Kin, no fole JiVd, nothing akin ; No. 

more Jib* d than Sieve and Riddle, that grew both in a 

IVood together. Prbv, CbeJb.Sfi^ or Sybbe, is an an- 

tient Sanott Word, figni^ing .Kindred) Alliance, 


O" J Sicker fyy. 

54 Nartb Country Worh. 

Sickerly^ Surely, a Z^i. Secure, 

Side^ Long, My Coat is very fidey i. e, very long; 
Item proud, fteep, from the Saxon Jide^ Jid y or tfia 
'Da^^ftde. fignitying long. 

A Sike\ ft little Rivulet, ah AS. S\ch^fidctu. 
a Furrow, vel potius fukus^ aquarim^ Lacuna^ lira^ 
'jinay ehx^ a Water Furrow, a Gutter, Somner. 

&if. Such. Yar. l>\9\. Jiko a thing, fuch a^ 

To Jik down, Lincoln, to fall to the Bottom, or 
fiihfide^fort^ ah AS. Syl, Bajisj Umeny y. d. ad fin^^ 
dura dehbiy Skinner. 

iiizefyj Nice, proud, coy. 

To Jkime % To look afquint, to glee, 

Skellerd\ Wrapt, caft, beconic crooked. Dark.; 

Skatloe\ Lofs,Harnp, Wrong, Prejudice, Oir^ ^/i^ 
thijkatb^ and another hath the fqorn. Prov. ab AS. 
Scsdan, Sceadhian, Belg. Schasden, Teut^ Schaden 
Van. Skadcr, nocere. Add Jkath to fcorn. Prov. 
of fuch as doThings both to their Lofs and Shame^ 

A Skeelj a Collock. 

A Slab^ The outfide Plank of a Piece of Tim- 
ber when fawn into Boards. Its a Word of general* 
Ufc. ^ ^ ....,.-. . 

ikpij Slippery, vox ufatitijfimfl. 

Slafe-ale^ Lincolnjb, Plain Ale is oppoledto Ale 
medicated with Wormv^ood, or Scurvy-grais, pr 
mi^ed with any other Liquor : Fortean^ licet fenfia 
non parum variety ab alt. Slape quod agro Uncolnjo. 
lulricum & mollemjgnijicaty i. e. fmooth Ale, hoc a^ 
'verbo^ to flip. Skinner. * 

To flat on, to leek on, to call on, or dafti againft. 

Vox ^vouarov. 

To fleak out the Tpngue, To put it out by way 
pf Scorn. Chefl). 
Sleeky Small Pit- coal. 
To flecks /. e. Slack, to quench, or put out the 

Firtr, V, g. or ones chirft. 


N^rtb CottntryWordii 5 J 

To Jleecbf To dip, or take up Water. 

Tojlete a Dog, is to fet him at any things as 
Swine, Sheep, (Sc. 

Slim^ Uficolnflb. a Be^. Slim, Teut, Schlim, w//Vi 
perver/uSj pravus^ dohfuSj obliquus^ diftortus. Skin- 
ner. Its a Word generally ufcd in the fame Scnfe 
with Sly., Sometimes it fignifies (knder bodied^ 
and thin cloathed. 

* To Jlive^ Uncolnfh. ^ Ban. Slasver, firpo\ TeuK 
Schleiffea, humi trahere^ bine 6? Lincdnjh. a fliverly 
FeHow, Vir fuBdcluSy vafer^ dijffimulat-erj voter at or^ 
Sliven ; idle, lazy. 

Slokenedj Slockened, q. flackened, choaked,Var* 
Dial, aa a Fire is choaked by throwing Water up- 
on it. 

The ^fe/tf of a Ladder or Gate, the flat Step,oR 

To JIat a Door ; Lincolnftt. i. e. To fhut it, a 
Bel^. Any ten. Teut. fchlieflfen, clauderc^ occludereyXih- 
ferare^ Belg. flot, fera^ clauftrumj ferreum. 

A Sloughy A Huik ; it is pronounced /lujfi. 

To flump '9 To (lip, or fall plum down in any* 
wet, or dirty Place. 

To /mart le away ; To wafte away. 

To fmitt/e^To infeft, from the old Saxon fmittan^ 
and Butch fmett^ny to Ipocor infeft, whence our 
Word fmut. 

SmopPky Brittle, zs-fmopple Woody fmopple^ Pye* 
cruft, t. e. Ihort and fat. 

To /nape or /neap ; To check j as Children eafily 
/neaped \ Herbs and Fruits /neaped with cold Wea- 
ther. It is a general Word all over England. 

The /najle ; The burnt Week or SnufF of a 

To /nathe or /nare \ To prune Trees, to cut off 
the Boughs of AQi, or other Timber Trees -, of 
which this Word is ufed, as prune is of FruitTrees. 

A /tic^il e. 

D 4 Sfuz'cr s^ 

56 • North Country: Words. 

Snever \ Slender, ^n ufual W<>fd, 

A fnever-^fpa^t ; ^ {lender Stripling. 

Sneck the Dcx)r, Latch the Dogr ; ihfi, fne^ or 

fnefket of a Door (according tp Skinner) is fhe 

String which draws up the Lac<ph to open tbcrDoQr < 

^ »^i^ tf)!^ fi JS^i^. fpappen, Corfipere^ quiafci, f^mJ4H 

* ' pua afcrienda efi^femper ^rnpitur* 

To ^fnee, or y«/> ; To aboqiid, or fwarm« Hj 
fnics with Lice, he fwarmswith {\\cm. 

To fnite -, To wipe., Snite your Npfe^ 1, ^, ^vgn 
your Nofe, a fchneutzen, l^elg. fnutten,, fhpcte^, 
iV^r^j emungere^ Dan. fnydcr etnunge^ Q^fiiotjuffi^fh. 
tivQj to wipe off the; Snpr. • 

Afnithc Wiftd, Vox ekgaiitiffma^ agro LiMcaliffii 
ufatitijfima^ fignificat auHni veltum valde frigidum ^ 
penetrabikm^ ah AS. fnidan, Belg^ fneidm ; ^cut, 
fchneiden, fcindere^ ut nos difit^usy a cytting Wif>d^ 

Sno4j and fnog ^ Nc^t, handfpqne *, * as fnpg^ 
gear'd, handfomely dreft. 

Snog Malt ; Smooth wifh feiy Combs. . 

A So J or fiat A Tub with two Ears, tpqarry 
on a Stang. 

A SockyOT Plougb'fofij A Plougb-lharf. 

A So/s \ A mucky Puddle. 

A Sod 9 A Turf ; I will die upon the Sad, i. «,; 
in the Place where I am. Sods are alio ufed fov 
Turfs in the Midland Part of England. 

To Soil Milk j To cleanfc it, potius to ftk it^ tq 
caufc it iofidifidf^ tq itrain it, y.fil^. 

A Sile-dijh ; A ftrqning, or cleanfing DiQi, 

Sool or fowle y Any thing eaten with bread. 

To /(?zc^/ one by the Ears, L/iw"^/^. i. c. Aures 
fumma yi vellere ; (;redo a fow, /. e. Awes ^r-. 
ri^ere ^ vellere^ ut Juibus canes folenjt. Skinncn 

Soon \ The Evening, a Soon^ at Even, 

A Spackt \ Lad, or Wench ; apt to learn, inger 
nious, Pat^ in the Eaft Riding of Torkjhire. 


North Cotmtry Wordt, 57 

. j^^.Spmcel^ A Rope tjo tyc a Cow's hinder Legs, 

T^Q^fane a Child, To wean it. 
' TQ/p/*rre^ ovf^eir^ ox ffurre^lo aOc, enquire, 
pry at the Market, ab A S. fprian, to fearch out by 
jhc Track, or Trac^, or enquire, or make diligfenc 

Tq /far the Door, To bolt, bar, pin, or Ihut it, 
fi^ AS' Sp^ran, Qkdere^ daudere. This Word is 
^Ifp ufird in Norplk^ where rhey fay, Jpar tie Door^ 
an emis be come^ 1. e. (hut the Door, left: he come ia» 
. A Spfuf^ or Sppwtt A Yputb. 

Tofpcld^y To fpell. 

The Speer, Chejh. The Chimney Poft. Rear'd 
(igainfi the Speer^ ftijndiog Pp agairift the Chimney 

Spice^ Raifins, Plum^, Figs, and fuch like Fruit. 
Torhjh. Spiti kjp^des-. 

A Staddif', A Mark,or Imprefllon made on OjUy 
thing by foniewh^t lying upon it. So Scars or 
Marks of the Small-po?^ ^re called Staddks. Alfo 
(he Bottom of ^ Corn mowt or tjay-ftack,is call« 
ed the Staddle. 

A &tang^ A wpoden Bar i ab AS. Jiangs fudes^ 
veSis Teutf ftang, tertica^ cpntus, fparus^ veSiis, 
JDatur fc? Camb. Br. Yftang Pertka^ fid ncftro fontf 
hufftum. This Word is ftill ufecj in Ibmc Colleges 
in the Univerfity oi Cambridge \ to JlangScho\2irs in 
Cbriftmaf time, being to caufc them to ride on a 
Colt-ftafiv or Pole, wr miffing of Chapel. It is 
lifed likcwife here (in the Eaft Riding of Tork* 
Jfeire) for the fourth Part of an Acre, a Rood. 
Mr. Broke/by. 

A Starts A long Handle of any thing, a Tail, as 
it (ignifies in Lew Duttbj fo a Rtdjlart is a Bird 
with a red Tail. 

Stark J Stiff, weary, ai AS. ftcrc, (trace, Rigi-- 
dus^ durufy Belg. Gf Dan. ftcrck, 7nu. ftardc^ va^ 
lidusj roluflus^firmHh v* Skinner* 


58 North Country Words. 

Staw^d \ Set, from the Saxon Stow^ a Place ori- 
ginally iroxnjiatio and JtatUo. Hence, I fuppofe, 
ftowing of Goods in the Hold of a Ship, or in a 

A Stee\ a Ladder, in the Saxon^ fi^gher i$ a 
Stair, gradusfcale^ perchance from Jiee. 

Steady Is ufed generally for a Place,as, It lies in 
fuch a Stead, /. e. in fuch Place, whereas dfcwhere 
only injieadj is made ufe of for in Placeijor in the 
Room 6f." 

To Jleak, or Jieick^ Or Jieke the Dxitt\ tofhut the 
Door, a Teut.J^ Belg. ftccken, fteken, to thruftj 
or put, to ftake. 

Tofteem ; To bcfpeak a thing. ' 

A Sleg ; A Gander. 

To ft ein^ or ft even -, idem. 

SUven^ Sternnefs, perhaps from Stiffe. ' ~ 

A ftife Quean ; A lufty Quean ; ftife^ in the 
old Saxon, is obftinate, ftiff, inflexible. 

Stife Bread, Strong Bread, made with Beans and 
Peafe, &c. which makes it of a ftrong SnUeltand 

Stithe i Strong, (lifF, ah A S. ftidh, ftiff,' hard, 
fcyere, violent, great, ftrong, ftilbe Cheefe, 1. e. 
ftrong Che^ft, • • 

Pi Stithy^ an Anvil, aprtediSl. AS. ftidb,>J/- 
duSy durus. ^id emm incude durius ? 

A ftot^ a young Bullock, or Steer ; a young 
Horfe in Chaucer , ab A S.ftody or ft eda^ a Stallion, 
alio a War Horfe, a Steed. 

Stood^ Cropt, Sheep aie faid to be ftoo'd whole 
Ears are cropt, and Men who wear their Hair very 

A Stoops or Stowp^ a Poft fattened in the Earth, 
from the Latin ftupa. 

Stocks billy Geranium Robertianum. 

A ftcundy q. Stand, a wooden Veflel to put fmalt 
B^tr in. Alfo a fliort Time, afmallftound. 


N^th Country Words. 5^ 

A Stowkj q. Stalk, the Handle c£ a Pail, alio a 
fihock of twelve Sheaves. 

ASlowrCj A Round of a Ladder, aHedge-ftake, 
Alfo the Staves in the Side of a Wain, in which thi\ 
Eve- rings are fattened, tho' the large and flat ones 
are called Slots. 

Strandy 5 Rcftive, paffionate,fpoken of Children. 
Such they call Strand^-mires. 

A Strike of Corn, a Bulhel, four Pecks, a Teut. 
Korhftreichc, Hofiorium^ vel radius^ ftreichen, Hof- 
tmomen/uram radere^ coaquarey complanare. 

Strunty The Tail or Rump, ab AS. ftcort, ftert,' 
^elg. ftert, ftccrt, feut. ftertz. cauda : vel a Belg. 
ftront, Fr. G. Eftron, //. Aronzo Jiercus^ per Meta- 
tgm. adjunai^ Skinner. ^' 

Stunt y JJncolnJh. Stubborn, -fierce, angry; etb. 
AS. ftunta, ftunt, ftuUus^ fatuuSy forte quiajtulti 
prceferoces funty vel a verbo^ to ftand, ut Refty, a 
reft undo J Metapbord ab equis contumacihus fumptd. 

!«. A Srom^ The InSrument to keep the Malt in 
the Fat. 

%. Strufidns^ Orts, from Deftrudion, I fuppofe. 
Wc ufe the Word Slrujhion for DcftruAion. It lies 
io thieWay of Sirufinon^ i. e. in a Likelyhcod to be 
-deftroyed. Mr. Brokejby. 

ASiurkj A young Bullock, pr Heifer, ah AS. 
Styrk, Bucubish 

To fturken^ To grow, thrive ; Tbrodden is the 

*A Swadyjlyjua^ A Cod, a Peafe-fwad. Ufed me- 
taphorically fpr one that is flender, a mttrfwad. 

A Swachey a Tally, that which is fixt to Cloth 
lent to dye, of which the Owner keeps the other 

Swaky Windy, cold, bleak. 

Tex fw ale Qxji^eah To finge or burn, to waftc 
or blaze away, ab AS, fwjelan, to kindle, to. let 
pA Fire, to burn. A 

^ Nbrtb Country fVkrds. 

V ASwMgyt fre(h Piece of grisen Swarth i^^ in 
a Bottom, among arable, or barren Land. A DqoL • 
. A Swarthy Cumb. The Ghoft of a dying Mta, 
ftrt. db AS. fweart. Black, dark^ pale^ wan. 
Swatbty Calm. 
Ilo fwattU away. To wafte. 

. A S^aibe hauk^ A Swaftli of new mowenGrafs 
or Corn. 

Sweanufl?y i. e. fqueamiih, ufed for modeft. 

Tofweby To fwoon. To fweUy idem, 

A &willy A Keekr to wafb in, ftanding on ijiree 

To ftailker ore ; To da(h over, y^x <iu»im » te 

A S'umbuUy or fimne-eruey A Hoefe-fty. 

Swippefj Nimble, quick, ab AS. Wvpgxti craftjpg 
fubtk, cunning,, fly, wily* 

To Jwizzcttj To flnge* 



npHG 7j3 of a Shoe, The Laitchet of a Shoe. 
^ A Tabertty Cellar, i Lat. Taberna. 

TantnU ; Idle People that witt not fix to any 

A Tam^ A Lake,, or Meer^pool, a ufual Word 
in the North. 

To iajley i. e. to imell in the North ; indeed tbere 
is a very great Affinity between theie two Senfits« 

To tavey IJhcolnJh. To rage, i Bilg. Tobbtn, 
Toppcn, Daven, 3V«/. Toven, Furere. Sick Pca» 
pie are faid to iave^wiih the Hands when they caitch 
at any thing, or wave their Hands, ¥4i€n they^ 
,want the ufe of Reafon. 

To Tawmy To fwoom. 

To teemy or learn. To pour out, to lade out of 
one Veffel into another. Credo iiDamco Tommcr, 
HauriOy exbaurioy vacuo y tommcr, aiUem oriiur i 
Tom. vacuusy v. Skinner. 

Iteamfid i 


Nirtb Country Jf^ds. . Ai 

S^eamfal's BrimfoUhaving as mucha&canibrtsani* 
ed in; in the aotieint Saxm it figtiifies fruiifitlyabiiii^ 
dant, plentiful, from Team^ Soboiesyfsftus add fuU. 

Meetly Angry, ab AS. Tynan, to proTokie, ftir, 
anger, or enrage. Good or fow teeth Chtjb.. Good 
cr 6ml taking. 

A ^emje^ a fine Sicrce, a fmall Sieyr, htlg. 
Teems, Terns, Vt. G. Tamis. i/. Tamifio, Ta- 
mifo, cribrum \ whence comes our Temfe Bredkd. . . 

Tot^nirt& tend, OP look to. Var. Dial. Gfe/^. 
J?// teM tbee^ (jftoib Wood. If I cannat rule\ wy 
Daughter^ ril rule my Good. Prov. Chejh. .^^ 

Thartij Uncolnfh. Guts prepared^ clcanfed,^ and 
blown up for to receive Puddings \ab ASs Dearm. 
Be^. Darai, Oerm, ^mt. Darm, DcarohJimpL 

Tbiaty Firm, (launch, fpoken of Barrels when 
they do not run. 

Tbe*u;% Towardly. 

To tbirlj To bore a Hole^ to drill. Lincokflt: 
4i AS. Dbry], Dhyrel, foramens Dhirliao,. Belg. 
DriUen, Perforare. Skinner. 

A Tbibkj or tbivelj A Stick to ftir a Pot. Alio 
a Dibble, or fetting Stick. 

To tbaky Derb. To brook, or endure ; tbtde a 
while, i, e. ftay a while. Chaucer hatb fbokdy, for 
filtered, ab AS. Tholian, ejufdemjlgnifieationis. 

Tbmtf^ tbofffy med fententid^ q. thawn,, damp, 
moid. Skinner a Teut. Tunckcn, macerare^ intirk- 
gere, deducit. 

A Tbrave^ a Shock of Corn, containing twenty* 
ibur Sheaves, ab AS. Threaf, manipuksy a Hand- 
ful, a Bundle, a Bottle. 

To ibravej Uncolnjh. To urge, ah AS. Thra- 
yian, Urgere. 

To threapy tbreapen ; To blame, rebuke, re- 
prove, chide ; ab AS. Threapan,. Xhreapian, ejuf- 

iem Signification. To threap Kindnefs upon one^ is ufcd 


:6i Nvrth Country iVords. 

. inr another Senfe. To threap with us, is to urge; 
or preis. It is no threaping W'are \ fo bad, that one 
need be urged to buy it, Mr. Brokejby. 

1*11 ibrippa thee, Cheft). V\\ beat or cudgel thee. 

Very throngs Bufily employed. 

To tbrodden^ To grow, to thrive, to wax, . to 
. fturken; 

Tbrutchj for thruft, Chejhi MaxfieldMeafure^ heap 
and tbmtcb. Prov. 

To tbrow^ To turn as Tiyncrs do % ab AS. 
Thrawan, quve inter alia^ to wheel, turn, or wind| 

To tbroppley To throttle, or ftranglei Vaft 
Bial. I'orkjh. 
. The ThroppU. the Wind-pipe, rork/b. DiaL 

To thwite^ to wittle, cut, make white by cut* 
. ting. He hatb tbwitten a MUl-poJl into a Puddings 
prick. Prov. 

Tider^ or Jidder^ovTitter^ Soon, quickly, foonerJ 
From Tide, vid. AJlite. 

To tifle^ To turn, to ftir, to difprder any thing 
by tumbling in it, fo ftandingCorn or Grafs iatifliS 
when trodden down. 

Till, To. 

Timorous, By the Vulgar is here ufed for furioul 
or paflionate. 

To tine. To (hut, fence, tine the Door, (hut 
the Door, ab /f 5. Tynan, to inclofe, fence, hedge, . 

or teen, 

Tipperdy Dreft unhandfomely. 

Tiny, Puny, little ; it is ufually joined with little 
as an Augmentative; fo they fay, a little tiny thing* 

Too too, Ufed abfolutely for very well, or good; 

Toom, or Tume ; empty •, A toom Purje makes a 
Bleil [/. e. balhful j Merchant. Prov. Manifefte i 
Danico Tom, vacuus, inanis. 

To toorcan j To wonder or mufc what one means 
to do. .4 


North Country WorJtXi, ^ 

A Tomgber^ A Dower, or DoWry. Bisi.Cumk. 
* Toothy J Pcevilh, crabbed, 

Tranty^ Wife and forward above their Age, fpo- 
ken of Children. The fame with Auifarand. 

7routSy Curds taken off the Whey when it is 
boiled -x a ruftick Word. In fome Places they call 

To turn Wool, to mix Wool of divers Colours. 

A Twills a Spoole, from Quill. In the South 
thev call it winding of ^illsybcc^iuk antiently,Ifup- 
pole, they wound the Yarn upon Quills for the Wea- 
vers, tho* now they ufe Reeds. Or elfe Reeds were 
called Quills, as in Latin^ calami. For Quills, or 
Shafts of Bird's Feathers, are now called calami^ bc- 
caufe they are employed forthefameufcof writing, 
ivhich of old Reedsonly were,and to this Day are, in 
Ibme Parts of the World. The Word Pen^ now 
ufed for the Inftrument we write with, is no other 
than the Latin Pcnna^ which fignifies the Quill, or 
hard Feather of any Bird,and is a very proper Word 
for it, becaufe our Pens are now made of fuch Quills, 
which, as I faid, were antiently made of Reeds. 

TreenwarCy Earthen Veflels. 

To twitter^ to tremble, a Teut. Tittcrn, Tre- 

mere^ utrumque afonofiSlum. This is a Word of 

general Ufe. My Heart twitters. To twitter 

Thread, or Yarn, is to fpin it uneven, generally 

. uled alfo in this Senfe. 

A Tye-topy h Garland. 



'Bach \ U- block, fcfr. v. Yu-bach, 6f^. 
Umftrid^ Aftnde, aftridlands. 
VintrouSy Hard to pleafe. 
Unbeer^ Impatient. 
Ure\ Udder. 

To be urlcd^lx, is fpok^n of fuch as do not grow. 


54 ^5?r/)& CmtMi^y n^brit- 

South they tall fuch Knurles. 


AfTaiker, A Fuller, a JValk^mHt, a Ftiffiii^ 
mill> a S<?/^. Walcher Fulh^ hoc a it^jr*. helg, 
Wakhctii //- Gualcare, Pamor prefnere^ calHarc* 
TeuL Walck«!h, pannum p^tire^ Omnia credo I iLtfl 
Calcare. Skintter. 

To wally^ To coqUer, or ihdulgtf. 

Walcb ; Infipid, frefti, watcrifh ; in tht Sflfcrrfl 
we fey wallouiftfj meaning fome^hat naufedu*. 

fValling^ i. e. Boyling, it is now in frequent tJft 
among thcSalt-berlers at Nortbwycb^NampiwycbjSKi 

To walt^ To totter, orfea'n onfe way, to oVeT' 
throw, from the old Saxon Wc^ltan^ to tttifiMtf; Of 
]rowl, whence ow wdtringiti Blood, or htthwfltttli 
the Saxon fVeaUian^ to real of' (tagger; 

The Wang'tcotb^ the Jaw-tooth, ah AS. Wirig, 
Wong, mar^buk. Woiie todh ftu potiu}t Wftftg* 
todh. Dens caninus. 

fFankle^ Limber, flaccid, tickUfh, fickle, wa- 

A n^anfj a Mole, ab AS. Wand. Talpa. 

War^ Worft^ vsar atid ^ar*\ worfe and VOTfeji 
Var. DiaL 

To warcb^ or wark •, To ake, to wOfkj eib 'A Si 
Wark, Dolor. Utrumque^ a Work. 

To wary^ Lancajh* To curfe, ab AS. Wariati, 
Werigan, Execrari^ Diris devovere. To 'uciary^ i^c 
Lav aft Egg. ; 

To ware ones Mone^r, 40 beftoiif it Wdll, t6-4Cjr 
it out in Ware. 

fFariJhij That hath conquered any- Dlfeafc,' of 
Difficulty, and is fecure againft thfe Ftfturc,' 4lfo 
well iftored, or fitirnidied. - . . • 


North Qountry Words. 6 c 

To warpj to lay Eggs, a Hen warps. . .The 
fame with wary, 

A IVartb^ a Watcr-Ford : I find that wartb in 
the old Saxon fignifies the Shoar. 

Warfiead^ ufed in that fenfe : q. Watcrftcad. 

1V(Cs me^ woe is me : Var. Dial. 

Way-bit^ a little piece, a little way ; a Mile and 
a way bit. Yorkfh. 

Way 'bread \ Plantain; ah -^5, Wagg-brasdc, fo 
called becaufe growing every wher6 in Streets and 
Ways. • 

Weaky \ vcioix^.' 

Mown Grafs welks^ that is, dries in order to be- 
coming Hay. To wilt^ for wither, fpoken of green 
Herbs or Flowers, is a general Word. 

To welter^ to go afide, or heavily, as Women 
with Child, or fat People; from the old Saxon weal* 
tian^ to reel or ftagger, or elfe from the Saxon w'el' 
tan^ to tumble or rowl, whence weltering in Blood, 

To wear the Pot ; to cool it. 

To weat the Head, to look. it. v. g. for Lice. 

Wea- worth you. Woe betide you. 

A Weel^ Lancajh. a Whirlpool, ab AS. Wsel, 
vortex aquarum. 

Weet or wite ; nimble, fwift ; ufed alfo in the 

Weir or waar ; Northumberland^ Sea-Wrack, JI- 
ga marina^ from the old Saxon waar^ alga marina^ 
Fucus marinus. The Thanet Men ^faith Somner) call 
it wore or wocre. 

Wellaneery alas. 

To wend^ to go. 
" Wejiy ; Dizzy, giddy. 

Wharre^ Crabs : asfowr ds wbarre^ Chefliire. 

A wheady Mile, a long Mile, a Mile longer than 
it feems to be. Ufed in Sbrogfiire. 

Wheam or wbeem ; neyr, clofe» fo as np Wind 
can «nter it ; alfo very handlame and convenk|ptlipif,: 

4>6 Nmb Couatry ft^ofdti 


one :■ mI^ // lies wbemfor me^ €bclh.' i** >iy. Occ- 
veme> gratcAil, acceptable^ pleafant, fit. 

H^amoiV^ Nimble : / am tmy wbeamtWj g^dfb 
the otd.woman^ when fie ftept into tbe^lk-bowl^rtov. 

A 01fee^ or ^&jr, an Heifer. The only Word 
uied here £in the E^ Riding of Torkfiire] in th;lt 

A Wbeen-Cat^ a Queen-Cat : Cafusfimina.Thit 
Qieen was ufed by the Saxons to figntfy the Fcmak 
Sex, topestrs in that ^t/ EEN Fngot was ofed 
for a Hen-fowl. 

A wbeins Lad, o. queint, a fine Lad : ironice JUt^ 
tum^ Chefh. Var. Dial. Alfo cunning, fubtle. 

A Whinner 'YiAy A lean, foare-fitced Man. Wlin- * 
ner^ I fuppofe rs the name of fome Bird that ufuaJly 
boUds in Whins, having a flcnder Bill or Neb. 
Mr. Brokejly. I rather take it to be the Name of 
fome Bird that frequents the Waters. 

Wbirkened^ Choaked, ftrangfcd. 

A fFbj/kei^ a Baflcet, a Skuttle or (hallow Ped, 

To «?^i/^, to requite, as God lobite you^ God 
requite you, Cbejhyzt. Dial, white pro quite, quite 
.fir Apbarefn pro requite. \ 

To wbiiCy to blame : l^on kan all tbe ':»hite^cff 
:your filU i. e. You remove all the Blame from your- 
fclf. W.wite. ^ 

To te;//^, to blame: ab AS. ?csna^ mulEla^ q. 
fuppliciufn. Chaucer ufcth the Word for Blame. 

*'To"U?boave^ Cbefb. to cover or whelm over. fVe 
will not kill but wboaveyProv.CbeJb.Spdkt^n of a Pig 
or Fowl that they have overwhelmed with fome 
VeflH in Readinefs to kill. AbAS. Hwolf, Hwalf, 
a Covering, or Canopy j Verb. Hwa^an^ cainerare^ 

To widdle^ to fret 

Wigger^ Strong. A clear-pitch d wigger Fellow. 

The wikes of the Mouth, the Cornets of the 

To noizzle^ to get any thing away (lily. ^. 

. Nerib Country ff^orJs. 67 

A who whifiin, a whole great drinkipg Pot. 
vhe being the Cbejhire t)iak£l for wholc» and a 
vahijking fignifying a black Pot. 

WbooVt cMzrj Joint,Shook everp Joint. Chcjh, 

A viegh, or waegb, A Leiver, a Wedge, ak 
AS. Wiegc, Pendus-t majfa, libra. 

Willern, Peevifh, wilful, a Saxon, wilier, willing,' 
AS. Wealk, cochlea laarinOf Limax marinus : Uig- 
gin, rfof*?*- ffiCiA©-, Turbo, cothlea marina, qua eliia 
ad buccinandHm utchantur. Hoc a Derbo Wcalran, 
velvere, rcvohere, quia fci. ejus lejia in orbetfi, fpifif 
in modum coniorquetur. Skinner. 

A wind-berry, a Bilt- berry, or Whortlc-bcrry* 

A wijket, V. WhiJkec. 

ff^fnly^ quietly. 

Jf^oat.- ^ 

A wogb^ a Waii : Lancajhire^ ah A S. Wag,, 
Paries^ elfewherc in the North wcgb is ufcd'tbr 
Wool, by a Change of theDialeft. 

To wonne or toun ; to dwell ; to haunt or fre- 
quent : M where ivonysu? where dwell you ? ab 
AS, Wunian, Gewunian, Habilare, manere, Eelg, 
Wooncn, Teul. Wonen, Wohnen : balitare, morari. 
Hac ab ASl Wunian,, GtWunian. Aj^'ttefcere,, q. d. 
Ubijcies aut frequeittcj ? 

Wccd'-^ants^ Holcs-ln a Poft or Piece of Timber, 
J, d. Places wanting Wood. 

Worch-lrccco, Cbejh. i. tf. Work-brittle, Very dili- 
gent, earneft or intent upon one's Work. Var. Dlai. 

To be -nicrried, to be choaked. IVerran tji the 
ancient Saxon fignifies to (kftroy ; ia wbicb fcnfc 
we ftill lay, A DogroorriVj Sheep. 

A vjienftl, a Weafcl. 

If^ringle /IreaSyOT StTn\ti i i.e. Bent?, i/^rtWu 

A ff-'tij^bi. Is the only Word in ufc here [ 
Riding olTorkJb.] for a Carpentar. Mr. 8:^'/ 

To Vfvie, I. c. Uliiiic, V. Wife. 
E a 

dB Nw'tb Country Words. 



'^^ Ane^ one : yance^ once, Var. Dial. 

¥ Tare^ Covetous, defirous, eager, alfo nim- 
blC) ready, fit, ticklilh. It is ufed alfo in the Souch,^ 
sTeut. Gcaher, Geah, Firvidus^ proitiptus^fracepsi 
impatietis ; Geahe Pracipitia^ Jearen, Fervert^ effer- 
vefccre: velparumdeflexofenfuabAS. Gearo, Gear re, 
Chaucero etiam Yare, Paratus^ promptusy l^c. v. 
Skinner cut pros reliquis omnibus arridet Etymon, ab 
AS. Gcorn, ftudiofusj fedulus, diligenSy inttntus. Spo- 
ken, of Grals or Paftures, it is frelh, green. 

Teardfyj vdlde ; yearldy myJtcYi^yeardly great, that 
is very great. 

ThtYeender^ or Eender : The Forenoon,D^ri^. 

. A QTaU ; A Gate. 

* Teander^ Yonder, Var. Dial. 

' Tewdj or Tod ; Went : yewingy going : ab AS. 
Eode, /wV, iter fecit y concejftty he went. Chauc^a 
Yed, Ycden, Tode eodemjenfu. Spencer alfo in his. 
Fairy Queen, lib. i.e. lo. 

Ue tkrt the blood-red Billows like a watt. 
On either Jide difparted with his Rod, 
'Till all his Army dry-foot thro' thtm Tod. 
Speaking of Mofes. ^ 

- Toon, Oven ; Var. DiaL 
Toycwfterj To fefter. 
Tu'batchyChrifimaS'h^tchy Tu-blockjOr lule-ilcci, 

ChriflmaS'bloGki Tu-gams, Chriftmas-gamtSy ah AS. 
Cehul: Dan. Jult-^hg natalis Chrijli : Hoc forte a 
Latino. Hebrceo Jubilum, Skinner. 

- Tucky Line, a Belg. Jeucken, Joocken, leut. 
Icucken, prurire : Jucken, Fricare, Scabere. 


[ 69 3 

South and Eaft Country 


|]N Jlp or Nape^ A Bulfinch. I 6rft 
> took Notice of this Word in SufoHc^ 
I ^\n find fince that it is ufed in other 
■ Countries, almoft generally aU over 
I England. 

An Amptr^ a Fault, or Flaw, in 
Linnen or Woollen Cloath, Sujf. Sibmr^ makes it 
to be a Word mucli ufcd by the common or coun- 
try People in £^, tofignify a Tumor, Riling or 
Puftule, vet ab AS. Ampre, Ompre, varix': vei\ 
7eut. Empor, fttrfum, cmpor heben, emporeti, ele- 
•varej q. d. cutis ^ievaiifl. ' • ' ' ■ 

^rtfA Nigh, alinoft, t>car hand, about, «m- 
/«-, SuJ". On-neawcfte, proper Juxtat fecus^ near, 
nigh ( a Prop. On, and ntawefte vicinia. 

Ardersy Fallowings, or Plowings of Graurtd. 
This is alfo a Northern Wonl.' " 

Argel ; Tartar, or Lees of Wine. ' 

Atttr, Matter, Pw, fania : a Te^t. &? Be^. 
Eytcr ejufdem ftgnijicatit vel ah ejus partnle, AS. 
Aicr, virus. 

Auk and aakward. Untoward, unhandy, ineptus^ 

ab AS. ^werd, perverfusy averfus ■, bee ab M Prtp. 

E 3 lo^ue- 

yo South and Eqfi Country Wordu 

loquelari negaiiva pYivattva £5? Weard verfus^ quqfi 
dicas^ qui ad nullam rem vel artem a natura compara^ 
tus 4/f, iratd Minerva hatus. Huic autem Aukward 
cmvino turn fit^fu tura EJymQ oppnUur Toward. 
This IB a Word gfed alfo in the Nprth, as I am i»? 
forrpcd by Mr* Brokejby. 


ABarib^ A w»rni ?I^ce, ox Pafttiw for Calves 
or Lambs, . 

A Parken^ qr (as they ufe it in SuJJex) Barton^ a 
Yard of a Houfe, a Back fide, vel aver bo, to Barre^ 
vel a Germ. Bergen^ 4bJi:ondere^ y!S, Beorgan mu- 
nire^ q. d. Locus claufuSy refpellufci. agrorum. 

Baven^ Bruflirfaggots, with the Brvifhwood at 
lengthy or in general |}ru(hw0od. Nefcio an q. d, 
l-'cuinc GaJlw ^ Feu. Fccus. Vir Rev. deJUait a 
$clg. Bauwcn, Tet^t. Baweh^ JEdificar^, cumfidi €K 
reliquis arborum pro cedificHs fuccijarum^ Skinner, 
Utrum^e EtymM mjudjf^ itiepum. 

Bai/ir Lkh(r, limber^jpint^d, th^t can bend cafi- 

BiUii^er^ On this j5ide« It anfweh tp |>eyoad. 

jg^ir^jtV, IViqk^ji Up and iwdc fine ; a Me- 
taphor tkken from a Horfc^s Hounces, which is 
. fhat Pi^rtof tjhe'F^rnjtur? of a Cartrhorfe, whicfe 
^Jic? fprcad uppii hUQ(^nar» ]^. X^-om^ally ufed. 

A Brfibop^ ^ /Tfc^. UjJ^ef yppttpd Beetle, comnionly 

- calk^fhp Lady' CfWf q^. Lady-bird. I have heard 

this infeft in dther |?isj<J^ colk^ ^ Gold^-Knopj and, 

doubtlefs, in^h/^rt^Qi^gtries, ithath other Names. 

'A£iig^ A f ap^of tcv, £/. 

A Biliar4, A W%« Caipon^ 3ujf. 

The Bird of the Eye, the Sight or Pupil, Suff. 

BdighHd Cornel 'Si^^t^ Corn, 5«^ Bliglit idem 
|iw^Miikievv, ;. f, m(l/iyfmum V€l rofcida qucsdam 


Smib and Ei^ Country Words. 71 

. mdli^ qu(s fruges carruw9pit : nefch an a Teul :Bkych^ 
. $flQidu5^ a c$kre fcilicet^ Skinner. 

Boggey Bold, forward, fawcy. So wc fay^ a f^- 
.ry bog Fellow. 

A Bumhy^ A deep Place of Mire and duag»> a 
mthy Puddle. 

A Bugge^ Any lofedk of the Scar^im Kind.It is, 
I ftippofe, a Word of general Ufe, 

Budge ; Adje£t. Brifk, jocund. You are very 
hudge. To budge^ verbally, is to ftir or move, or 
walk away, in which Senfe it is, I luppofe, of gc- 
pcral Ufc* 

A Bojiah A Way up a Hill, Stff. ^ 

Bouds^ 1. e. Weevils, an Infc^ breeding in Mtltf 
Jiorf. Sujf.^ Ef 

Bown^ i. e. Swelled, Norf. 

Brankj Buck-wheat, Effl S^f. In ibnoe Countries, 
of England they call it Crap. 

A Breaks i. t^ Land plowed the firft Year afler 
It hath lain fallow in the Sheep-walks, Narf. 

To brickai \ To bridle up the Head. A ruflick 
Word corrupted from Bridle. 

A Sow goes to Brimne'^ i e. To Boar. Of ufo 
glfp in the Nonh. 

* . Brine is bitber.Bring It hahcr.Suff.yMT.V'i^i 

To brise \ Spokon of Hops, when they bo ovf r« 
ripe and (hatter. 

To brook up^ Spoken c( Ck>uds, when they draw 
togctbcTt jMid ihreateA RaiOt they are faid ip brook 

To bnMO'^ tobrowlc, Smff. Dial 

The BtuK the Breaft^ ^ It ift nfed for the 
Body, or the Trunk of the Body ; in Duith and 
dd Saxon^ it fignifies the Mlj^ibi Bud of a Cart^ 
L e. the Body of a Cart. 

Bmckfmi's BWihe^joQff frcikk^ thearfy. Sfymt 

* write It Bnxome % ab A&. Boefom^ ObeMens^ traHn- 
hlisj hoc a vnbo B\ipiuJUfferOfjf d. jhcibibs ; qliod 

E 4 *^ 

72 South and Eajl Country Wordt. 

€0 €ofifirmatur^ quod apud Cbauc^rum Buxumnefs ex' 
ponitur. Lowlincfsj Skinner:* It is ufed aifo in the 
North. . - . . 

A Bud^ A weaned Calf of the firft Year^ Suf. 
becaufe the Horns are then in the Bud. , , 

BulUmong^ Oats, Pcafe, and Vetches mixed, EJf. 

A Buttalj k Bittcrrt, a Latino Buteo, In tjic 
, North a Mire-Druin', 


ACaddow^ a .Jack-daw, iWr/ In Corjru^all 
they call tjje Guitliam a Kiddaw. 

Carpet -way ^ i. e. Green -way. 

A Cadmuy The leaft of the Pigs which a Sow 
hath at one Fare, co'tbmonly they have one that; 
is fignally left than the reft ^ it js atfo called the 
Wbinnock. ... 

A Carre^^ A Wood of Alder, or other Trcesj^in 
a moift, boggy Place. 

A Cart-rake^ EJf. A Cart-track, in feme Coun- 

. trici called a Cart-rut, but more improperly, for 

' whether it be Cart-rake, or originally Cart-track^ 

the -Etymology is manifcft, but not fo of Car t-rkt^ 

Catcb'/and, Land which is not certainly known 
to what Parifh it belortgeth ; and the Minifter 
that firft gets the Tithes of it erijoy?; it for -that* 
Tear. Norf. ' .^ ^ ■ • 

A Chavfjby A chatting or pratling Noife amoiig 
a great many, Suff. 

Chtzzell^ Bran, a Teut. KitffeiLSitiqua^ Gluma^ 
Sujf. Kent. It is alio Ofed in the North. 

The CJburcb-litten, The Church-yard, Suf. Wilt, 
forti db AS. L*dan,"7V/^/. , Ley ten, ducere^ q.d. 
via^ ducens ad templum, Skinrfer. . 

ACbueky a' ^reat* Chip, Suf: In other Coua* 
tries they call it a Cbun^. ' ' ,.. 

Ctedgy^ i.e. Stiff, K^nf. - * * 

Clever % 

South ana Eaft Gmntry If^ords. 73 

CUver ; Neat, fmooth, cleanly wrought, d«- 
trous, a Fr. G. Leger^ cicavcrly, y. d. Lcgerly, 
Skinner. Of ufe alfo in the North. 

A Cohoeb Mormng i A mifty Morning, iVJ?rf! • 

A Comte •, A Valley, Devon. Com. ab AB. Comb, 
comp. a C. Br^. tSgue antique GalHco Kym, Cwmm, 
unde defluxit GdBcum recens Combe, ValUs uirinque 
collibus ohfitay Skinner. 

A Coornb^ or Covmh of Com, Half a Qqartcr, a 
Fr. G. Comble utrumgue i Lat. Cumulus. 

A Cob-iroTfy An Andiron, EJf. Leicejlerjh. 

ACob^ A . Wicker-balket to carry upon the 
Arnii So a Seed-cob, or Seed lib, is fuch a B4iket 
for Sowing. 

To cope ; f. If. To chop or exchange, ufed by t!ic 
Coafters olNorf. Suf. &c. as alfo rorkjh. 

A Coffet Lamb, or Colt, 6fr. i. e. A cade Laaib, 
a Lamb or Colt brought up by the Hand, Nerf. 
Suff. This Word Dr. Hammond^ in his Annotati- 
ons on the New Teftament, p. 356. Alt. cap^ 7. 
derives from the Hebrew HD^Dp fignifying a Lan^b. 

Cofiard^ The Head. It is a kind of opprobri- 
ous Word, ufed by way of Contempt. 

A CottreU Cornw. Devonjb. A Trammel to hang 
the i?ot on over the Fire. Ufed alfo in the Kof th. 

A Cove^ A little Harbour for Boats, ff^efi Coun- 
try. Ufed alfo in the North from Cavea. 

To coure^To ruck down, ut mulieres folem admin- 
gendum^ ab It. Covare -, Fr. G. Coaver, incubare^ 
hoc a Lat. cubare. It feems to be a general Word. 

A Cowl; A Tub, Eff. ' 

A Cowjlip^ 1 hat which is elfewhere called an 
Oxejlip. ^ 

A Cragge^ A fmall Beer-veflcl. ^ 

A,Crotch'taihj A Kite; Mhuscauddforcipatd. 

Crank \ Brifk, merry, jocund, Effex. Sanus^ in- 
teger: funt qui derivant a Belg^ Q Teut.KtSLMk^ 
^uodfforfus contrariumfc. csgrumfignifiect, Ab ijlis 



74 ^Swtii dwl^E^fi r CQunfry Words. 

MUtem Mtipbrafibus Wus oibborr€o. . , Msllfmmkfr de- 
duurt db Ud 'y^/ Oiikranckt w» e^er^ vmfa^ in^ 
juriam ttrnparis tmtudi fyUaid^ Bfcinoer. Ic i{( vSki 

Crapi Dsirnciy Si^. {n V^arcejtirjbirt aad other 
Councries they call fiuck-wheac Craf. 

CriUe^ Courfe Moal^ a Degree better ^an 6ran» 
ii Latino cibrum. 

A Crocks An Earthcn-p9t to put Butter pr tlie 
like in, ab AS^ Crocaa, ^cut^ Kru|;. Belg. SCrogh, 
Krocfth, C. Br. Cfochari, J)m. Kruck, QUafimtiy 
niosfiOiU^ Urceus^ Skinner. 

To crocks EJf. To black one with Soot, or black 
of a Pot or Kettle, or Ghimney-ftock* This Black 
or Soot, is alfo fubftanrivcJy called Crock, 

Crones \ Ok! Ewes. 

A Cratch^ or Criub ; A Eack \ m faUor a Lat. 
Cratica^ CraUctda^ Gratis. 

Crawhf mawfy ^ Indificreody well. Nor/. 

A Culver^ A Pigeoa or P^Ct ok 4S. Gulfpr, 


Di/G, Dew upon the Grails. Hence Daggle-^ 
tail is rpoken of a Woinan that hath slaobied 
her coats with Dcw^ Wet, <n; Dirt. 

It dares me. It pains or grieves me, Ml ai JiS. 
JUr4 fignifying Hurt, Harm, Lpfs. Uied aUb in 
the North. 

A Bitting 5 A Darling, or bcft-belovcd Child, 

A Dibble^ An Inih-ucnent to make Hoks in (he 
Ground with, for fetting Beans, Peafe, or the like. 
Of general Ufe. 

Dijh^meatr SpoQn-meat, Kent. 

To dingy To fling, Eff. In the North it fignifics 
to beat. 

A Dodman^ A Shell-faail^xu: HodmandQd,^49r/. 

A Doke i 

SiUtb and Eaf^ Cimniry, W$rJu 75 

^ AJMe^ A dcqp Diiu or Fwroify, ^fSuf. 

A jjoolj A long, narrow Green in a plowed Fieidy 
imh plowed Lanyd on eaiphSideit ^ a broad Balk. 
Forte a Dale, ^yaUey, becai^ when ftandiog Corn ' 
grows on both Sides it, it appears like a VaUcy. Of 
ufe ^fo ift the North* 

A DoMifir^ Afi ExtioguiAcr, qu, Poooter. ^ 

A l^^^Ut A dirty Slut. 

To i/n// a Man in ; To decoy or flatter a Man 
into any thing. To ^fiS^ is to fwke » Hole with 
» ]pifit:tr pr Gimkt. 

. . ■ E- 

Eljitf^ei^ Solitary, iQncly, melanchoily, far from 
Neighbours, q.^kn^atus^ SujBT. \GaMco EfloigT 
ner. fJknie la the vx^y^^t S^xon fignifies procui^ 
far off, far from. 

Ernfuli i e. Lanoen^ble^ 
£0W-> The fame that EJi/k, the Stubble after 
the Corn is cut, Suf. J^difc is an old Saxon, Wortl 
iJgnifying fo^nctiqjejs ^s^bings^ Afi^matk^s. 

Airyh/pdrhj or Shcl-firc, Kenty often feeri on 

JP Cloaths in the Nifi^ht. 

A Fare of Pigs is fo many as a Sow bringeth 
forth at one Time. To farrow ^ is a Word pecyli^r 
to a Sow's bringing forth Pigs. OurXangiiage 
abounds in unncqeflTary Words of this and. other 
JCinds. So a Sheep is faia to yeah, a Cow to calve, 
4 Mare to foal, a Bitch to whelp, 6?r. All which 
Words fignify no more than Parere^ to bring forth. 
So for Sexes we have the lil;e TuperfluDus Words^ 
as Horfe, and Mare, Bull and Cow,Ram andSheep, 
Dog and Bitch, Boar and Sow, i^c. Whereas the 
Difference of S^x were better fignifitU by a Tcj- 
mination. Fecbes^ 

76 Seutit;and Baft'Ce^fry -^ards. 

Feabes^OT Feaberries^ Goc>febcrrics, 5»^. LMefterJb. 
Tbehesm Ncrf. 

Fenny^ i. i. Mouldy, fenny Cheefc, mouldy 
Chccfe, Xi?»/. \/fbJS.Fcnn\gjmucidus. 

Fimble Hemp, Early ripe Hemp. 

Flags^ The Surface of the Earth, which they 
pare off to burn, the upper Tuif, Noif^f. 

To J?tfi7^ ; To affright or fcare, Flaitei is the 
fame with i^i/^^T^i. 

A Fhjktt ; a long (hallow Baflcct. 

Foifon^ or Fizotty The natural Juice or Moifture 
of the Grafs, or other Herbs. The Heart and 
Strcngh of it, Suff. a Gallico Foiflbnner, abundarcj 

Footing time, Norf. is the fame with Upfctting 
time in TorkJbireyV/hcn the Puerpera gets up. 

A Fojlaly Forte Foreftal i a Way leadrng from 
the Highway to a great Houfe, Suff.. ' 

Frampaldy ox Fratnpard -, Ftttfu), peeviftr, crofs, 
froward. As Froward comes from Frontj fo may 

A Froivery an Edge-tool ufcd in cleaving Lath. 

To frafey To break, I^orf. It is likely from the 
Latin SN ord frangere. . 

Frobly molly ^ Indifferently well. 

' * ^ 


TO gafiify To fcare, or affright fuddenlj^. 
Gaftredy FerterrefaSlus : ab AS. Gaft, Spirit 
tus^ Vmbrdy SpeSlruWy f. d. SpeSlri alicujus vifu terri- 
tusy vel q. d. Gaftrid vel ridden, /. e. i/peSro aliquo 
vel Epbialte invafus 6? quqfi inequitatuSy Skinner. It 
is a Word of common Uie in EJfex. 

A Gattk'heady Camlr. A forgetful Perfon, ab 
AS. Ofcr-gcotol obliviofuSy immemor. 

To gaincopey To go crofs a Field the nearcft 
Way, to meet with fomething. 

' Caht ; 

South -and Eaft Country Wfirds, yy 

' s 

GaMt^ Slim, flenden It i$» I fuppofe^ a Word 
of general Ufc. . 

Gaiiertdge-free is Ccrnus fcsmind^ or PHckwood> 

. and yet Gattcridgc-bcrries are the Fruit .of jB«^ijy- 

mus Theopbrajtu'i. c. Spindtd-tree, or Loufe-^erry. 

Gore-brained^ very hcedlcfs. Hare-bramM is alio 
ufed in the fame Senle;. the Hare- being a very 
timorous Creature minds' nothing for fear of the 
Dogs, rulhes upon, any thing. Garijh is the 
iame, fignifying one that is as 'twere in a Fright, 
and fo heeds nothing. 

Gcazcn^ Scarce, hard tc come by, EJf. 

A Giiiefy Si grcsit Cudgel, fuCh as they throw. 
vp Trees to beat down the Fruit. 
* , A Gilli a Riviilct, a B«ck, Suff. ' 

A Gimlet J an Inftrument to bore a fmall Hole, 
called alfo a Screw. 

A Goffe i a^ow of Hay or Corn, Eff. 

Gods-good^ Yeaft, Barm, Kent^ Norf. Suff. 
. Gok^ Big, large, full and florid. It is faid of rank 
Corn or Gra&, that the Leaf, Blade, or Etr hgoal. 
So of a young CockreJ, when his Comb and Gills 
are red and turgid with Blood, that h^ is goal. 

A GfiUby a large earthen or ftone drinKing Fot^ 
with a great Belly like a Jugg. 

A gyfitr^. To be frolick and ramp, to laugh a- 
loud, Suff. tJfed alfo in Torkjhire. 

Gowts 5 Somerfetjbire, Canales^ cloaca^ fau fentinde 
fuhtcrranectyproculdubio a Fr. G. Gouttes, guta^ 13 
inde verb. Efgouter, guttatim tramfiuere. Omnia 
manifefle a Lat. Gutta^ Skinner. 

A Grain-fiaff^ A Quartcr-ftafF, with a fhort pair 
of Tines at the End, which tbcv call Grains. 

To grain J or grane ; To choak or throttle. 

A Gratton-^ An Erfli or Eddilh, Suffex. Stubble, 

The Gray of the Morninff, Break of IJav, and 
from thence till it be clear Light. 'I hat Fart of 

L imc 

78 Smb and Eaft CtUOttry W^ds. 

Tim); that \t eomjRKiMcted of' Light «nd^«rfine!ls, 
a$ Grejr it of White and Black, which &H(Wtfr 

A Grippe, ntGrtHdkt j A .fln^ Drain, Ditch, 

6t Gutter. 


Affag^Jhr^ A Magpie, !&»/. * 
A //ii&, Suf. i. e. A Trammel in the ^.r 
Dial. /^. TramcK 

A Ilawy KenL A Cl6fe, ab AS. Hagjr >i/^ 
Hseg, Agettutus feu Cars jtixta dcmUffTy imp ab AS. 
Heghn/epire, ' - \ ■ 

Tohare^To, affright 6t make wild j to Wj^ Bamm 

Jtarum. * • 

To bed^ To covcr^ Sujf. As. 5V health Pht^ 
to heal a fickfe-f to heal' a P'erfo^ in Bti^ \.' t. to 
cover tliemj ab AS. Hrfitt/ ta hide/ cww, or 
l>eal. Hence in the Weft> he chat z^ctt s fifoufe 
wth SJarefl, is called a HtitUftst HelUer. 

To hie^ To make Halte, udebitb Hafte- 

Hautm^ Of lielm^ Stubble gathered afteir the Corn 
i$ inncd, at AS, Healm; Hielm, Sttptda^ CnlmuSi 
Omnia a L^t. Calamus vetCulffms. 

Hojgs^ You]ng Sheep, Ndftbamptonjh. Ufcd a!fo 
in tJic fame Senfe in Torkjb. 

Hoddy^ Well, plcafaht, in good Time/ or Mu^ 

A Hodtnandody A Shell -fiiaif. 

A Howy Pronounced as Mow and Throw, a 
narrow Iron Rake without Teeth, to cleanfc Gar* 
dens from Weeds, Rajtrum Galticunt. 

A Hornicky a Hornet, Sujf. Dial. 

To hotagoCy 1 o move nimbly, ^ken of the 
't'oi'^gue, Sujf, I'ou hot agoe your Tongue. 

A liolt ; a Wood an anciem Sa^con Word. 

Hover Ground^ i. t. Light Ground. 


Smtbattd Eafi Gfmttry Words. "79 
. ^cl j^tMWMr, T« be^ co fiti^j Von OmrnatO'* 

THE Hocit flsattd$ t Jarr^ i. t. The Door 
ftands. half tipea, iViw/. 
A Juggkmear ; a Quagmire, Devon/b^ 
-An Jcd-koMt^ a Rjoihp of Bed; iV^?^. 

KEdge, Brifk, budjgd, livdy,.5iir|f. 
A Jt^^w, /)«r^. A Fat wheiein they w>rk 
tteir Bicrer up before tbey timi it. 

jfoZw, or Kilter^ Frame, Order, Proculdubio (in- 
quit Siinnttks) ^ Dan. . C^kilter fuccingOy Kilter^ 
Cingo^ vel forte a voce cuhura. Non ahfurde etiam 
dt^i p^k ^ 7^r. Kelter, tormhr^ Skinnerus, 

The If^^Thc Furrow made by the Saw, Suffex^ 

• A KtrkeS STcHi^ Mutton^ &c» A Lion of tbofe 
Meats, Devon. 

A Kidder, Badges Huckfter,^ Carrier of Goods 
on Horfeback, E£, Sujf, 

• A Knacker^ One that makes Collars and other 
Furniture for Cart-horfes. 

KnoUes^ Tumeps, Kent. 


npO lack. To dlfpraifc. 

* A Largefs\ Largitio^ a Gift to Harveft-men 
particularly, who cry aLargefs (o many times as 
there arc Pence given. It is alfo ufed generally by 
good Authors for any Gift. 

A Lmm in a Park, Plain untilled Ground. 

8o . Scutb ^nd Eaji Country Wsrds^ 

^Lcpfi^ as Lowein the Nprtb, The Flame of Fire, 
tho' it be peculiarly ufed for the Steam of Char* • 
coal, or any other burnt Coal, and fo diftinguifhed 
from Flame, as a more general Word. 

ALtapy ox Liby Sujf. Half a Bufhel. In Effex a 
Seed-leap, or %Lib, is a Veffcl or Baiket to carry • 
Corn in, on the Arm to low. Ah- AS. Sasd-leap, 
a Secd-bafkct. r . 

To leafe and leafing^ To glean and gleaniiig, 
fpoken of Corn, Sufj. Kent. 
' A Letch or Lech ; a Veflel to put Alhcs in to 
run Water through, to make Lee or Lixivium for 
waffling of Clostths, A Buck. ;. x ^ 

Lee^ or Leiv ; Calm, under the Wind, SuJK 

As Leef^ox Leve\ as wilUngly^as good, fpoken 
of a thing equally eligible. Lever ^ in Chancery fig- 
nifies rather, tho' this Comparative, be not now ia 
Ufe with us. 

Al'hree or fcur-wii^ X.eet \ trivium.vel quadrivium^ . 
\Vhere three or lour Ways meet. 

.A Lifty i. e. A Stjle that may be opened like a 
(jate, Ncrf. ' \ 

. Litbery Lithe; flexible. It \% Ufed alfo for lazy, 

. Littcn. V. Churgh-Utteii. Lie-tune Saxonlce cccmi- 

Uz£n^dCoxtiy_q, Icflencd, $..e. Lank,or fbr^nlf 
Corn, SuJf. . f 

Lo9jg it hither. Reach it hither^ Suff. , 

A Loop, a Rail of Pails, or Bars joined toge- 
ther like a Gate, to be removed in and out at 
pleafure. - 

Lourdy ; Sluggiih, SuJJ. From the French Lourd, 
focors^^gnavusy Lourdant, Lourdin Bardus. Dr. 
Heylin^ in his Geography, will have Lourdon for a 
fluggifli, lazy Fellow, to be derived from Lord 
DanCy for that the Danesy when they were Mailers 
here, were diftributed fingly into private Houfes, 


Stmtb and Eaji Count ry Wprdu %i 

and in each called the Lord Dane^ who lorded it 
thcr«r, and lived ftich a flothfql idle Life. 
A Lffncheitj A green Balk to divide Lands. 


AMad^ an Earth-worm, Ejf. From the High 
Dutch Maden. 

Mazzards^ Black Cherries, Weft Country, 

A Meag^ or Meak ; A Peafe-hook, EJf. 

A MerCy i. e. Lynchet. 

To be mrk*dy or merk^dy To be troubled, or di- 
fturbed in one's Mind, to be (larcled, probably 
from the Saxon Merk^ fignifying dark. 

Mijagaft^ Miftaken, mifgiven, Sujjf. 

A Mixon^ Dung laid on a Heap, or Bed, to rot 
and ripen, Sufs. Kent. I find that this Word is of 
general Ufe all over England. Ab. AS. Mixen,5/^r* 
quilinium^ utr. a Mtox^fmus^ hoc forte a mifcco Csf 
mifctla ; quia ejl mifcela omnium aliment or um. 

A Modher^ or Modder^ Mothther^ A Girl, or 
young Wench ; ufed ail over the Eaftern Parts of 
England^ v. g.- Ef. Suff. Norf. Cambr. PVom the 
ancient Z)^«i^ Word Moer^ ^lomodo ("faith Sir//. 
Spelman inGloffario) a Danis oriujidi Norfolciences pii- 
ellam bodie vccant^ quod inter ea rident Angli cceteri^vo» 
£is nefitentes probitatem. Cupio palrio ifieofuffragari 
idiomatiJntelligendumigitur eJiNorfdciam hancnojiram 
{qua inter alios aliquot Anglicce Comitatus in Danorum 
iranJHt ditioneniy An. Dom.Sy6.} Danis maxime ha- 
hitatamfuiffej eorumque legibus^ lingua atque morihu's 
imiuiam, Claras illi virgines ^ puellas (ut Ar£locegen- 
tes alia) Moer appelkhant. Inde quce canendo heroum 
iaudes 6? poemata palmam retulere \tefte Olao IVojinio) 
Scaldmoer^ i. e. Virgines cantatrices -, qu^ inpr^liis 
glmam ex fortitudinefunt adeptce Sciold Moer hoc eji 
Scutiferas^ virgines nuncupdrunt. Eodem nomine ipja^ 
Amazanes^^c. En quantum in fpr eta jam voce antiquce 

.I-' gloria. 

82 South and Eafi Country Wordu 

glorii. Sed corrufHpy banc fateor vulgari lahio^ quod 
Mother matrem Jignificans etiam pro Moer, b. e. 
puella pronunciat. 

A Muckinder^ A Cloth hunw at Childrens Gir- 
dles to wipe their Nofes on, from Mucus narium ; 
from which Word comes alfo our Englijh Muck^ 
ufcd efpecially in the North. 

Muck/on up to tbe Huckfon^Devon. Dirty up to the 

The Mokes of a Net, the MaftieSj or Meifhes, 

Mulcbj Straw half rotten* 


ANaii of Beef, v. g. Sujf. 1 1. The Weight of 
eight Pounds. 
Newingy Yeaft, or Barm, EJf. 
Near nowj Juft now, not long fince, Norf. 
To not J and notted^ l e. Polled, (horn, Eff. Ab 
vf 5. Hnot, ejufdemjignificationis. 
Nujh'd^ Starved in the bringing up. 


OL b * Land) Ground that hith lain untitled 
a long Time, and is new plowed up, Suff4^ 
The fame in EJfex is cillcd Ne^oland. 

Oilet, Fewci, q. d. El let, ai AS. -Elan, Onas* 
Ian, accendere^ Dan. Eld. Ignis. 

Oaft^ or Eajl ; The fame that KiUj or /&*//, So^ 
fnerfetjh. and clfcwhere in the Weft. 

Orewood^ ^oediim Algoe fpeds quoe Cornuitoe agros 
wirifice foecundat^fic diSa forte ^ quod ut Awrum incolas 
locupletet^ fc? auro emi meretur. Eaji autem vox Cor^ 
nubioe fere propria. Sea wrack, fo called in Cornwall 
where they manure their Land with it, as they do 
«l/b ^n Scotland^ aivd clfcwhere^ Ope 

South and Eaji Country TVords. 83 

Ope Land, Ground plowed up every Year^ 
Ground that is loofe pr open^ Suff. 


APuddotk^ A Frog, EJf. Minfliew defleSH \ 
Belp Padde Bufo. A Paddock^ or Puddock^ 
is alfo a little Park, of Enclofure. 

A Paigle^ It is of Ufe in EJfex^ Middlefex^ Suf- 
folk^ for a Co jvflip;Cowflip with us fignifying what 
is clfewhere called an Oxflip. 

A Petticoat j Is in fome Places ufed for a Man's 

Peafe-lolt^ 1. e. Peafc-ftraw, Eff, 

Pipperidges, Barberries, EJf, Suff. 

To play y Spoken of a Pot, Kettle^ or other Vef- 
fcl full of Liquor, i. e. to boil, playing hot, 
boiling hot. In Norfolk they pronounce it flaw. 
Vex gencrdlU. 

A Pofe^ a Cold in the Head, that caufes a Run- 
ning at the Nofe, 

A Poud ; a Boll, or Ulcer, Sujf. 

A PriggCy a fmall Pitcher. 1 his is, I fuppofe, 
ft general Word in the South Country* 

PucketSy Nefts of Caterpillars, Sujj. 

A Pitch ; A Bar of Iron, with a thick, fquarc 
pointed End, to make Holes in the Ground by 
pitching down. 

Uotttd^ Sujjf. Cloyed, glutted. 



Athe^ Early, Suff. As Rathe in the Mornings 
i. e. early in the Mornipg. Rathi-ripe Fruity 

F z /,^. early 

84 South and Edft Counfry Words. ' 

I. e. early Fruit, frulius protcoces^ ah AS. Radh, 
Radhc, cito. 

A Riddky An oblong fort of Sieve to feparate 
the Seed from the Corn, al AS. Hriddel, crihrumj 
bocz Hreddan, liberare^quiafc, cribrando partes pu- 
rioris i craffiortbus liber^ntur^ becaufe it rids the Com 
from the Soil and Drofs. 

A Ripper^ A Pedder, Dorfer, or Badger, Suf. 

Rifing^ Yeaft, Beergood 

Roughings y Latter Grafs, after Mathes. 

Rqfily or Rq/illy ; Soil, Land between Sand and 
Glay, neither light nor heavy. I fuppofe from Rc^ 
fm^ which here in Effex the Vulgar call RofiU. 

To rue j To fifr, Devonfi). 

^T^O yi»/^r about. Or go faltering up and down. 
•^ It is derived from SainSteUrrey /. e. The Ho- 
ly Land, becaufe of old Time, when there were 
frequent Expeditions thither, many idlePerfpns went 
from Place to Place, upon Pretence that they had 
ta«ken,'oriptended to take,theCrofs upon them,and, 
to go thither. It fignifies to idk up and down, ta 
go loitering about 

. Say of it, /. e. Tafte of it, Suff. Say for JJfay^ per 
Afhocrcf.n^ Affay from the French ejfay^r^ and the 
Italian ajfaggiare^ to try, or prove, or attempt, all 
from the Latin Word fapio^ y^hich fignifies alfd 
to tafle. 

A Scopperloit, A Time of Idlenefs, a PIay-tii?ie. 

A Seame of Cofn of any fort 5 A Quarter, eight 
Bufhcls, EJf. ab AS, feara^ & hoc forte a Groeco <rayfMa. 
a Load, a Burthen, a Horfe-load •, It fecms alfo to 
have figniQed the Quantity of eight Bufliels, be- 
ing often taken in that Seiifc in Matth. Paris. 

' A Seam of Wood \ an Horfc-Ioad : Sujf. ejufdem 
driginis. Sear^ 

Swft and Eajt Couniry^ fFords. S^ 

SeoTy dry, oppofed to green, fpoken only of 
Wood, or the Parts of Plants, from the Greek $n^ 
ariJm. Hence perhaps H^oodfear. 

Sidy or fealj Time or Seafon ; // is a fair Scclfar 
you to come at^ /. ^. a fair Seafon or Time ; fpoken 
ironically to them that come late, E^. ab AS^ ZcsL 
Time. What Seel of Bay ? What time of Day ? 

To go Jiwj L e. To go dry, Suff. Spokien of a 

A Sbazuj a Wood tt^it encompaffes a Clofe, Skffi 
ah AS. Scuwa umbra \ a Shadow. 

A SbawUy a Shovel to winnow wiihal, Sujf. vi- 
detur contraSum a Shovel. 

A Steal, a young Hog, Suff. In Efex they call 
it a Sboie^ both from (hoot. 

Sbie, ox Jby \ Apt to ftartle and flee from you, or 
that keeps off and will not come near. //. Schifo,^ 
Beig^ fchouwen, fchuwen, 3Vk/. fchewen, viiare. 
Skinner. Vox eft generals. 

Sheld \ Flecked, party-coloured, Suff. inde SheK> 
drake and Sbeld-fowie, Suff. 

Tojbimper ; To (himmer or (hine, Suf DiaL 

A ftjowelj a Blind for a Cow's Eyes ; made of 

To flbun% To (hove; Suff. Dial. 

Sibieridgfy oxfibbered ; the Banes of Matrimony, 
Suff. ab AS. fyb, fybbe. Kindred, Alliance, A&^ 

A Sbucky an Hulk or Shell,as Bcan-(hucks, Bean 
Iheik, far Anagramrnaiifmum '^ Hutk/orle. 

Sizzingy Yeaft or Ikirm, Suff. from the (buod 
Beer or Ale in working. 

Sidy ; Sorly, moody, Suff. 

Sig ; Urine, Chamber-lie. "- 

Site ; Fikh, bccaofe ufually it fubfides to the 

Simpfon j Gtovinitl^ Jemcio^ Eff. Suff. 

86 Smtb and E4ft Country Words. 

R Si^e of Bread, and Cue of Bread, Camiri^e. 
The one fignifics hali^ the other qne-foqrth Pirtof 
a Half-penny Loaf. That Cue is nothing but j, 
the firft Letter of Quarter or QuadranS is manifcft; 
Size comes from Scinda. 

Skaddle^fcathi(\ Ravenous, mifchievous, 5«^ ah 
AS. Skade, Harm, Hurt, Damage, Mifchicf ; or 
fcadan^ loedere^ nocere. Vtov. One doth i\i^Skatb&^ 
and another hath the Scorn \ i. e. One doth the 
Harm, and another bc^rs.the Plame, Sufra among 
the Northern Words. 

A Skip oxJkef\ a Ba(k|et, but not to carry iq 
the Hand : a j^ee-jkip^ a Bee^hive. 

Skrow ; Surly, doggecj \ Ufed mpft adverbially, 
as to look Ihrow, /. e. That i% to look fowrly, : 

Skeelingy An Ifle, or Bay of a B^rn» Suff. 

Tojktd 4 Wheel ; Rotam ff^aminare^ with gt| 
Jron Hoop fattened to the Axis to keep it from, 
turning round upon tbcDcfcentof aftcepHill,J&»if, 

P^Jlappely 2L Piece, Purt, or Portion, Sujf. 

To Jlump ; To flip, or fall plurp down into any 
dirty, cm* wet Place. It feems to be a. Word made 
per onomatopoeian from the Sound, 

A Snagge^ a Snail, Suff. Dial. 

A Snurk^ a Pofe or Cold in the Head, Coryza^ 
Suflr. . . 

Span new^ Very new. That was never worn or 
ufed. So fpick and fpan new. 

The Snd{fle\ The burnt Week or Snv^ff of z^ 

A Snathe \ The Handle of a Sithe. 

A Spurget ; a Tagge, or Piece of Wood to hang 
any thing upon. 

A SpHrrC'Way ; a Horfe-.way through a Man's 
GroundjWhich one may ride in by right of Cuftom. 

To fpurk up ; Xq fpring, (hpot, or briik up. 


Smtth and Eq^ Country Wordu 87 

Tpf(pdrm \ To move very nimbly about, after 
the manner of an Eel, It is fpoken of an Eel. 
. To fimmerland a Ground, To lay it fallow a 
Year, Suff. 

. A foller^ or folar^ an upper Chamber or Loft^ 
a Latino folarium. 

To fquai^ To bruifc or make flat by letting fall. 
4aive Suff. 

A Staffs of Cocks, a Pair of Cocks. 

A Stank ; a Dam or Bank to flop Water, 

Stover % Fodder for Cattk : ah Eftover^ Gal. 

Afix^amp'j a low hollow Place in any Part of a 

The ftealoi any Thing, /. ^ Manubrium. The 
Handle, or Pediculus^Tht Foot-ftalk : a Bejg. fteel, 
jtele. Tent. Jliel Petiolus. 

A Speen^ or fpene ; A Cow's Pap 5 Kfint. ab AS. 
j^ana, mam^ce^ ubera., 

Kfofjfe'bangk \ a fluttifl>, flattering, lazy Wench,^ 
a ruftic Word, only ufed by the Vulgar. 

A Jlew \ a Pool to prcfcr^e Filh for the Table j. 
to be drawn and filled again at pleafure. 

A Stoly, Houie, /. <?. A cUuter'd, dirty Houfe, 

A Strands One of the Twifts of a yne, be it of 
Jlorfe-hair or ought elfe, Suff. 

A Stound% A little while, Suff. q. a Stand. 

The Strig j The Foot-ftalk ojf any Fruit, Petij»- 
hsy Suff. 
. Stamwood ; The Root of Trecf ftubbed y^V^Suff. 

A StHckling\ An Apple-pafty or Pyc, Suff. 

Stufnet ; a Pofnct or Skillet, Suff. 

A ftull 5 a Luncheon, a great Piece of Bread,. 
Cheeie, or other ViAuals, Eff. 
. Sturry^ Inflexible, Sturdy and Stiff; Sto^vre i% 
ufcd in the fame Senfe, and fpokcn of Cloth, in 
Oppofition to Limber. 

F 4 A 

*> • • • . » 

SS Sbufb arid'EaJi Gauntry Words,- 

A 5/«/, a Gnat •, Sommerfet^ ab AS. Stiit^ 


Stover ; Fodder for Cattle ; as Hay, Straw, or 
the like, EJf, from the French Eftouver fovere^ ac- 
cording to CoweL Spehnan reduces it from i\\tFrenih 
Eftoffe ;/?^/m^5 1? Eftoffer, necejfaria ftippeditare. 

Saads ; Pods of Peafe, or the like Pulfc. 

Tofweale^ To finge or burn, Suf. A fwealed 
Pig, a finged Pig-, ab AS. fwoelan^ to kindle, tq 
fet qn fire, or burn. 

TiOfv^crk i To fnarl as a Dog doth, Suff. 

A ^^SS^'^ ^ Sheep of the firfl: Year, Suff. , 
A\ Techy^ i. e. Tcuchy, Pcevifh, crofs, japt'td 
DC angry. 

To fede Grafs, To fpread abroad new mowcR' 
Grafs, which is the firft thing that is done in or- 
dt:r to tlje drying it, and making it into Hay. 
Tewfyj or Tuly^ Tender, lick : Tuly ftomached^ 

wCf^k ftonnache4. * ' 

To ioll'i To entice or draw in, to decoy or fla57 
ter, as the Bell tolling calls iq the People to the 

Temfe-br^a^j u e. Sifted Bread, ffom the French 
"Wpr^ ^lamis^ a Sieve or Sierce. 

Very tkarky^ very dark, Sujf. 

A Ibeav^ ; An Ewe of the firfl: Year, Ejf. 

Tickings Devonjh. Cornw. Setting up Turves that 
fo they rhay be dried by ^he Sun, and fit to burn 
upon L^nd. 

To thie^ or tin a Candle, To light it, ab AS. 
TyP'in, (iccendere^hhic Tinder. 

A To-jei^ or Tofet-y Half a Bufhel, Kent, a nojiro 
Two, A 6V Tu^ DuOy (sf Fat menfuram unius pecci 
fignantCy a Pcckc 

A tramiml^ an Iron Instrument hanging in the 
Chimney, whereon to hang Pots or Kettles over 
the Fire, Ej[. 

^reaf\ Pecvifti, froward, pettilh, very apt to be 

A TumhreU a Dung cart. 

S'reweis^ or Truels \ Pattens for Women, Suff, 

A Trip of Sheep, /.. e. a few Sheep, Norf. 

A Trug ; a Trey for Milk, or the hke,. Suffei9 

fo trtilly To trundle ; per ccntraffmem^ Suff, 

J^O va^gi To anlVer for at the Font as Godfa^ 

^ ther. He van^d to me at the Vant^ SpmerfctT 

Ihire, in Baptijlerio pro mefufcepit^ ah AS^ Fengan,* 

to receive,alfo to undertake, v^y& iin v^pro more /^^V 

Velhtig^ Plowing up the Turf, or upper Surface of 
the Ground, to lay on Heaps to burn. fVeft -Country. 

A Voor^ a Furrow, Sufjf. 

A VoUoWy 2i Fallow, SujJ'. Generally in the JVeft* 
Country they ufe v inllead of/, and z infttad of s. 

Vriib 5 Etherings, orWindings of Hedges, teneri 
rami Coryti^ quibus inflexis fepes colligant i^ Jlabiliunt i 
ab AS. Wrydhan, torquere^ diftorquere. contrator^ 
quere : Wridha, lorum^ Wridelf, Fajfcia^ quia fci. ki 
rami contorti injlar lori 6f Fafcioe Jepes coUigant^ 


WJ Attlesy Made pf fplit Wood, i^fafliion of 
yy Gates, whereing they ufe to fold Sheep,as 
eliewhere in Hurdles, Suff. ok AS. watelas^ Crares, 

Welling^ or Whey, Is heating it fcalding hot, in 
order to the taking off the Curds. Welling ovwal- 
Jingy in old Englijh^ is boiling. A 

90 South and J^a^ "Ccmhj. Wmri$. 

A fFem^ a fmall Fauk, Hole^ Decay or ' Ble- 
mifh ; cfpecially in Qoth, EJi ab J&. Wem^ a Blot, ' 
Spot, or Blemiih. 

A IVere^ or wair ; a Pond ot Fool of Water,^^* 
AS. W(er a Fifh-pond, a Place or Engine for catch* 
ing and keeping of Fifh. 

A fPTutpple Way, /. e. Where a Cart and Horfcs 
cannot pafs, but Horfcs only, Suff. 
• A ^ifr^^^«»< a fimple PcrfoD, i*^^. 

A wbeady Miky a Mile beyond Expeftatiou^ 
longer than it fcemi to be. - ; 

IVhicket for wbacket ; Or ^uittee for quattee^ i. e. 
Sluid pro quOy Kent. 

To whimper y To begin to cry. 
. A WbUtUj a double Blankot^ which Wotnca 
wear over their Shoulders in the Weft-Country, as^ 
elfewhere Ihort Cloaks, ab AS. Hwitel, Sagum^ Sa^ 
ga^ Icsna^ a kind of Garment, a Caflbck, an Irijb 
Mantle, 6fr. v. Somner. 

. IVillaws Beach; a Share oi the Hulband's Eftate 
which Widows in Sujfex enjoy, befide their Joyn- 

To wimme \ Suffl Dial. i. e. Winnow, 

A Wind-row y The Greens or Borders of a Field 
43ug up, in ord^r to the carrying the Earth on to 
the Land to mend it. It is called Windrow, becaufe 
it is lai4 in Rows., and expofed to the Wind. 
, WoadmiU a Hairy, coarfe Stuff, made of Ifland 
Wool, and brought thence by our Seamen to Norf^ 
S^uf &c. 

fVoodcack Soil •, Ground that hath a Soil under 
the Turf that looks of a Woodcock colour, and 
Is not good. 

J. Tare ^ 

South and Eeft Otuntiy Wvds, 

YAre^ Nimble, fpri^tljr, fmsrt, Suff. 
A Tafpent or Xtepfent Ip EBex fignJfies a^, 
much as can be taken up in both Hands joined tOr 
gether. Couldman renders it, vela feu manlpulas^ 
foritan a noftre. Grafping, ilifd propter euphoniam 
Htera canind r and g, iny facillima fane & vulgar 
tijjima nojlree ItJ^uoe mutatione tranftmSe.i. q. d. ' 
quantum quisvoia cemprebetidere potefiySkiimer. 

In Sujex, for hafp, cUfp, wafp, ihey pronounce 
hapfe, clapfe, wapfe, fc?£. for Neck, Nick ; for 
Tbroat, Throtte j for choak, chock. Set'n down, 
let'n^ftand, come again and fct*nanoij. C'have eat- 
fo much c'ham quit a quot, DevoM^. i.e. I can tz.%- 
ifo ipore \ I have eat fo m\ich that I am cloycij. 

A C A T A. 

i ^9 y 






With British or Welch, by my learned 
and ingenious Friend Mr. EDWARD 
LLOYU, of Oxford. 

If. B. The Syllables thus markM'^e long, thus " 

very Ihort and fmart;\. 


l^ \^ -^^*^ a large i. ARkby Lat. Area, 
-^ Chcft for Corn. -^ cifta. But the 

jmodern Signification is a 
Coffin. It is doubtlefs of 
the fame Origin with the 
LatinWordjtho* we can- 
not fay that all that are 
fo have been borrowed 
of the Romans. 

2. An. 

A CataUgur of Local Words. 95 

2. Cop^ and Coppin^ is 
a Spider j but a Spider's 
Web we call gwec cop 
and corruptly. Gwydyr 

a. Aa Attercop 5 a 
Spidcr?s Web. Mr. Ni- 
cholfon gives the Etymo- 
logy of this Word from 
Saxon. I rather think it 
originally 5r//^, bccaufe 
remaining in ufe only in 

3. An Aumbry \ A 

4. Bragget \ a fort of 
compound Drink or Me- 

5. _ A Bratt -, Semi- 
cinftkim ex viliffimo 

6. Braugh wham ; a 
ibrt of Meat in Lanca^ 

7. A Capo ; a work- 
ing Horfc. 

8. A C(7^; a Pillow, 
AS. Codde eft Pera, 
Marfupium. Matth. 10. 
10. Graeci *^^^ Icdtis 
hycmem imponebant,ut 
aeftate ^^^^^ Autore 
Lacrtio lib. 2. in Mene- 
dcmo, Mr. Nicolfon. 

3. *" -^/wjr/fignifies the 
fame thing in fVelJh^but 
it*s now grown oblolete. 
I fuppofe we might have 
it of the Normans. 

!4.« Bragod •, idem. A 
common Drink among 
Country People in their 
Fcafts or Wakes. 

5. Bratbay^ Rags, 
Brettyn^ a Rag, Bretbyn^ 
Woollen Cloth. Hiber- 
nis Bredhy^n; 

6. Brwkhany a fort of 

7. Kephyl\ a Horfe. 
The Irijh call a working 
Horfe Kappwl. All of 
the fame Original with 

S.Kw^dznd Kod', A 



^4 ^ -^ Catalogue of Local WtfrJs* 

g. A Cragy a Rock. 9. Kraigi A Rock. I 
In Lycia Cragus mens coryedlurc this Word to 
quidameflrdfdusStepha- be originally Britijh^ 
no autore, Cujus ctiam 
mcminit Horatius. 

Aiit viridis Cragi,&c.' 
Mr. Nicolfon. 

10. Colcy or Kfiak \ itt. Ka^U idem. Sc<r 
Pottage. Armoricanis.ThisWord 

runs through many Lan* 
guagcs, or Dialcfts, and 
is nothing but the Latin 
Cautis z Synonyme of 
Srqffica^ called thence 

11. Koppai The Top 
of any thing. 

12. Dera^ PhrenefiSt 
unde y Gyndharedh,In* 
fania, furor. 

13. Trdnked^ idem* 

1 1. Copping^ The Top 
ot Roof oi a Wall. 

12. Dare^ Harm, or 

13. Trinkety a Por- 

14. A D«*, a Pool 
of Water. 

15* A Dvuhlef 5 A 

1 6. A DooL 

> 17. An Ellmother^ A 

18. Elden\ Fewel,^7^ 
AS. iEled. Ignis. 

19. A Garih'^ A 

14. Hibernis Tybyt 
Pons, nobis Dwv*r^ A- 

15* Dwbler^ in C^f* 
diganjhire^ fignifies the 

16. BSl^ a Meadow 
by a River Side. 

1 7. Ail ; The fecond* 
So that perhaps a Step^ 
mother might be called 
the fecond Mother. 

18. Aelwyd^ The 

19. Gcrdh ; A. Gar- 

20. Grig 

A Catnhgut of lM4l Wordu 95 

20i Gtyg-, Heath. 

20, Grig^ Saloplcnfi- 
bus Heath. 

Greh-i Stairs^ 


22. He, She. 

23- To beal^ To co- 

24. //^& ; BafhfuL 

25. jfW/, A little 
round Hill,ab AS.C«^//(?, 
Top or Cop of a Hill, 
or Mountain. 

21. Grijiayy idem. Bor- 
rowed doubtlefs from 
the French^ 

22. Hiy She. In Pro- 
nunciation there is no 

23. Hilio^ To cover; 
Perhaps we have received 
it from the £«f/{/&, which 
may be the Rcafon Dr. 
Davies hath omitted it in 
his Lexion. It is aWord 
generally ufed in North 

24. Gw^yhj Baihfult 
which in the feminine 
Gender is w^yl^ as Merk- 
hwyU a bafhful Maid : 
And fo in fome other 
Cafes, according to the 
Idiom of this Language. 
V. g. y mae yn w yl, .he 
is baftiful. 

25. Klol\ The Head. 
The Hills in Wales are 
generally denominated 
by Metaphors from fonic 
Parts of the Body. Ex. 
gr . Penmaenmawr^ y Bei^ 
glog. Tal y Lbykhay^ 
Ker^n y Bw^kh^ y vrbn 
Jeg, Kev'n y Braikb, y 
Grimmog. P^»Ggnifying 
a HtaidjPefjglog ^ SkuW^ 
Tdl the Forehead ; Kern 
one Side of the Face, y 

26. The 

96. A Catalogue af Lvcal Wotds. 

" 26. The Speer, The 
Chimney Foft. 

2 7. Stouk^ The Han-- 
die of a Pail. 

28. Taberrii a Cellar. 

29.T0 wtfr^ ones Mo- 
ney, To fpcnd it or lay 

U out. 

30. Tute^ Chriftmas, 
Fr. Junius (in Lcxicofuo 
AS.) vocem Zehul fac 
turn putat y-a^' "l^x^"* ^ 
Britain. GwyU Feftum 
Fcvia; Mr. Nicholfon. So 
that^n/f is originally no- 
thing elfe h\xt Vigilics^ as 
Mr. Lloyd rightly judg- 

31. A Fowmart •, A 
Pole-cat. Martcs is a no- 
ted Beaft of this vermi- 
nous Kind, dcfired for 
their Furs, whence,per- 
chance, the Pole-cat 
might be denominated 

Vron the Breaft 5 KeOen 
the Back ; Braikb art 
Armf, and Krimmog a 

26. TJpyr, Idem. 

27. rjiw% A Milk- 

28. TaVdrHj An Ale- 
houfe : A Word in afU 
Probability borrowed 
from the Latin, tho' the 
Irijh ufe it alfo in the 
fame Senfe. 

2g,Gwarrio jTo fpend 
Money, which, accord- 
ing to the Property of 
thcPFelJh^ becomes fome- 
times fFdrrio, E. g. Eu 
a warriodb ei goron. He 
fpent his Crown. 

30. Gwiliay, Idem : 
Which, according to the 
IFelJh Syntax, is fome 
times AViliay. Proper- 
ly it fignifies only Ho- 
lidays, and is, doubtlefs 
derived from the Latin 
Word Vigiloe. 

3 1 • Phwlbart^ Idem^r 


A Cdtnhgue of LvcaJ Wdrds. 

Poumarty q. Foul- mart, 
from its (linking Smell. 
^z.Durdom^y Noife. 


33. A GaveUcij An 
Iron Crow. 

34. A Middin^ A 

.$5. A Mear, A Lake^ 
from the Latin^ Mare^ 

36. Art Elk J A wild 

37. Saim^ which wc 
pronounce fometimes 
SeamCk It fignifies not 
only Goofe-greafej but 
in general any kni4» of 
Grcafe, or Suet^* or Oil, 
wherewith our Clothiers 
lanoint or befinear their 
Wool to make it run or 
draw out in Spinning. It 
is a general Word in 
mod Countries. 

38. 5p^*^jof aWhecl. 

39. A Giaive j A 
Sword or Bill. 

40. A Riddle ; A 
courfc fieve. We make 
a Difference between a 
Riddle and a Sieve. A 
Riddle isof an oblongFi- 

2^. Dwrdk ; Noifri . 
Heftce Dndwrdb j pon^ 
tcntibri. -: :vj::r. 

33. iiwiv^ A LeaVefi 
G^W, A'Holt. •^•: - ^' 

34. 7ik&%> Dirt.: ' ^ 

35;. A^r, Water % 
whence Swallow-trees 
are called Merbdig^ h.e. 
Salices aquaticae. 

36. iE%,WildGeefe,' 

37. Saim 5 Greafe^ of 
the fame Fountain, 
doubtlefs,with the Lafin 
Word Sebum. I Ihould 
rathpx.think with the //i?- 
bre^ Sifamen Pinguedo. 
Sevum noti)eing a gene- 
ral ^yord for Fat or 
Greafe^ but proper for 
Tallow or hard Fat. 

38. Tfpagay ; Legs ; 
ufed alfo metaphorically 
for the Feet of a Sool. 

39. Glaiv \ 2i Bill, 
it is a French Worcf, 

40. Rhidilh\ Idem. 


$1 A Catahgttf ef Lml W^h, 

gure> whereat as Sieve is ' - -. 
round, and a Riddle is 
made of roundWickcw, 
placed long-wa;;sone b| 
anotlicr, whereas a Sieve 
u made of thin, long 
Plates, as it were woyei^ 
ot it are foUr-lquare. 

A C A- 

t ^9 T 


OF , 

North COtJNtRY WORDS, received from Mr. 
ToMLiKsoN, of Edmund-Hall, a Cumberland 
Gentleman, and communicated to me by the 
fefne Mr. Edward Lloyd. 

A Seek, a RiVdkt, or fmall Bi^ook. This TFbrd 
is already entered' among the Northern Words i 
and noted to be common to the ancient Saxon, High ^ncf 
Low Duich, and Bamjh. It is nfed not onfy in the 
North, but infome Southern and Weftcrn CouHtii^Sy 
ttnd gives Denomination to fome Towns, as Wclbeck, 
Sand beck, Trout^beck. 

Bourn, or Burn ; a Rivelut, of Spring. This is 
alfo common tojome Southern Counties, and gi^es De^' 
nomination to many Towns,asS)[itr\mxu, Milburh,&fr. 
Bore-tree, Elder*tree, froni thd gfeat Pith in the 
younger Branches, which Children conimonly bore 
out to make Pot-guns of them. 
^ Bracken 1, Fern. Ab. Angl. Break, becaufe when 
its Moifturcis dried up it is very brittle. A Brake is" 
an.Inftrumentto bre^k Flax with, of the fameOri- 
inal. Break comes from the Saxon'Brecdn. Brake 
^em is a general fFord all England o^er, and betteif" 
known in this Country [EflcxJ than Fern ; indeed the 
Cnfy Pf^ord in ufe among the Vulgar, who underftand 
not F(J^;i. Bracken is but the Plural of Brake, ^^E} n 
^Ey, and Pcafen of Peafe, fcf r. 

G % Brent- 

106 A 'Catalogue vf 

Brent'broWj A fteep Hill, Metapb. The BroW 
of a Hill, Supercilium, the Edge or Side of a 
Hill, or Precipice, 

A Brock \ A. Badger. This is a Word knowa 
in moft Countries. The Animal is trionymus. 
Badger^ Brock^ or Gray. 

To coop^ or cowp ; To chaffer, or exchange. It 
IS a Low Dutch Word, That which is given by the 
Party whkh hath the worft Goods is called Boot ; 
as what Boot will you give me between your old Tawd 
and my Filly ? i. e. between your old Mare and my 
young one : ab AS. Bot^ Reward, or Recompenfe, 
To boot is ufed frequently in the fame Senji ^2// Eng- 
land over. Boot Jgnifes Profit j as in that imperfonal 
Verh^ it booteth not, it* profitcth, helpeth, or 
availeth not. 

Copt-know 5 The Top of a Hill rifing like a Cone 
or Sugar-loaf. Copt, I conceive^ comes from Caput, 
and Know, or KnoUe, is the Top of a Hill. 

A Cowify I A little Cow, a Scotch Runt with- ^ 
out Horns^ or elfe with very (hort ones, fcarce ex- 
ceeding a South Country Veal in Height : So. thai 
ihe Word is only a 'Diminutive of Cow. 

A Creili A fliort, ftubbed, dwarfifli M^, Nor^ 

A Croft J A fmall Clofe, or InclofurCf at one 
End whereof a Dwelling-Houfe, with a Garth, or 
Kitchen-garden is ufually placed, ab ~A S. Croft^ 
Agellulus. Croft, for any fmall Field or Inckfure in^ 
general^ without any refpeSt to a Manfion-houfe^ is 
common in all Counties of England. 

Cyphely Houfeleek. 

A -Difb' cradle^ or Credle^ A wooden Utcnfil for 
wooden Diflies, much in ufe in the North of Eng- 
Inndy made ufually like a Cube or Die, and fome- 
times like a Parallelipipedon, long Cube, or Cra- 
tile^ Cumber^ A Dike k 

North Country Words. i<M^ 

- A Bike^ a Ditch, This Is only a Variety of 
Dialcft ; tho' it feems Dyke, and Seugb^ or Sough', 
are diftinguilhed in the North, a Dyke bcring a 
Ditch to a dry Hedge, either of Trees or Earrh, 
as in arable Lands, where the Ditch is ufually dry* 
all Summer ; but a Sough a Ditch brimful of Wa- 
t^, as in Meadows or Sowbrows are not above 
half a Yard in Height. A Sough is a fubUrraneous 
Fault or Channel^ cut through a Hill, to lay Coal Mines 
cr any other Mine dry. 

A Duhlery or Doubter^ A Platter or Dtfh. Vopc 
per magnam Anglia partem diffufa. 

" Draffe^Tht Grains of Malt, a Belg. Draf ejuf- 
dtm fignificati. This is a general Word^ J^g^ifyl^ 
not only Grams, but Swill, as in thofe Proverbs, Dram 
is good enough for Swine 5 and. The ftill Sowe 
cats up all the DrafFe. 

A Fowmart\ A Polecat, or Fitchet; Brit. Ffwl- 
barth. This is entered in the Collcftion. 

A Gill\ a Place hem'd in with two deep Brows, 
or Banks, ufually Qourifliing with Brufhwood, a 
Rivulet running between them. If is entered in 
the CoUcftion, 
- A Geofey or Grofe^cree ; a Hut to put Gcefc in. 

A Gob ; an open or wide Mouth. Hence to cob- 
ble, to fwallow greedily, or with open Moutn.*-^ 
Gob, /'» the South, Jignifies a large Morfel or Bit \fo 
VDe fay a good Gob, i. e. a go^sd Segment or Part. The 
Diminutive whereof is Gobbet, cut into Gobbccg, 
perchance from the Greek Word «^1*'» *^f*/««. 
* A Gully ; a large Houfehold Knife, 

A Gaveiock\ an iron Crown, ab A S, Caoc. vel 
catapulta, balifta. Already entered. 

Hadder % Heath, or Ling. 

The Holen % is a Wall about two Yards and an 
half high,ufed in Dwelling- houfcs to fecure the Fa- 
niily from the Blafts of Wind rufhing in when tlie 
Heck is open. To tlii^ Wal),on that Side next to 

G 3 the 

Jftci^ JS4eri /&•; t^fi^ the Truibj that they call thick 
Beer is properly fo^ very thick and muddy. 

Wad^ Black-lead, Cumberland. Sec Mr. JViW- 
'fin^% Catalogue. 
• IValfi^ or fVelfi \ Strang:e, infipidj ab AS. Wealb^ 
rcl poti6s Teutonic6 Wdfcb ftrange ; Wellh Po- 
tage, ftrange, infipid Potage. 

United^ or Unlead \ A general Name for any 
ctawUog vcfiomous Creature, as a Toad, £9^^. It is 
fometimes afcribed to man, and then it denotes 1^ 
fly, wicked Fellow, that in a manner creeps to do 
Mifchief, the very' Peft of Society. See Mr, 
Nieolfon^s Catalogue. 

A fFbinnocky or Kit j A P^il 19 ?arry Mi^k in# 



V . <« 


( 105; > 

Glojfapium Northanhymbricum, 

^4»iom\ Mercnda. A&. Unbejinmcr, 
^^ Prandium. Ita & Goth. Undaurni- 
3 A'^^ mat. ttUC. XIV. 12. 7bis is, I/uppofc 
^[fe^^s thtfami word that is entered Ofndorn 
^S^;s^&5# in wy CelkSioh. 

Arelumes ; V. Hcir-luoics. 

jfrvel- bread; Siliccrnium. AS. AppuU. Pius,Re- 
Jigiofus, hue fpedtarc videcur. Ita ut Arvel-brcad 
proprie denottt pahem folcnniter magis & Religios^ 
fomeftpm. This JVord is slfe entered in the ColklHen j 
ifut there wants the Etymology of it. 

JttercfPi Aranea. 45. Artcncopa. q. d. Ani- 
mal fumme Venenofum. 7his ts in the ColleSJion 
svitheut Etymel. 

A Beeld; Munimcntum, a frigoris iniyria. Quid 
fl ah /iS. belabian, Excufare, Llberare i 

Afi/pfl i N?quam q. d. Qiii adeo infignis eftNe* 
bulo utjam in proverbium abiit. AS. biji-pcl Sc_ 
^ippej. Parabola, Proverbium. Maith. xxi.^^j. 

Blake; Color fubnigcr.^S. blcac. Hinc cogno- 
men, apudNoftratesfrequens,Blakclock; voxcjuf- 
demfcre valoriscumnobilfairfaxiorumcognomine. 
yidctur eflc variatio duntaxat Dialefti pro Black. 

To ilin i Ceflarc. AS. ablinnan & blinnan ; fino 
augmcnto initial!. Chaucero, Blin. 

Brott. Frumenti analeffa. AS. jebjiotc, Frag- 
inenta. Luc. ix. 17. & Matt. xv. 37. 

Bummle Kytes i Vaccinia. Rubum Saxonis vocS^ 
runt beij beam, ('. e. Tribulum majorcm. Eftau- 
tpm cy]), yel ci?, minatio, 

• ACavel 

"lo6 Gloffariud Nsnbahhymbricum. 

A Cawel\ Chors. AS. Capd, Calathus, Qualus» 
• A Chibe ; Cepa, AS^ tipcr • V 

TorM; Arriperc. /fff. leltecean. 

C^/>/ ; Superbus, Faftuouis. AS. coppc. Apex, 
Faftigium. Unde copepr, Sutnmus. 

ACowfixU^y PalUittbus. >f5. cujiceore. 

To crune ; Mugirc. Forte a- Saxonico RaRian, 
Sufurrare, Muffilare. . . 

; Quae in CdefidcrantlTf Qliafeftfirt K. 

Ta deegbt ; Exrcrgerc, nrrancfere. AS. X>\htizxiy 
Paratc, Difponere. torhtran art *jtcndt) Spjifc^ 
Jsobis, to indite a Letter. 

A D^^^j^ 5 Stukiis, Fatuns. -/f 5; tk)bjent>, fenex 
dccrepitus & delifan$. 

To dree v Pc^dufare. AS. abJtc^oYanv ij^^ad^ 

Z)r«t{y ; Limolus. A^'. jeftpaepcfe ,paftt8ji, A4tis* 
turbara. Chaucero, drovi. 

Eetb ; Facilis. AS. Ea^Si? eajfelfc/ iWi/. ifet, 
26. Chaucerb, Eith & Eth. 

To fang I Apprehexidere, A S. p^n-^^n. Vcigis^ 
vanghcn. ^ 

To f aw \ 1. Fang, AS. pon. Gdthici^, PafeakiV 
Inandis, faa. 

A Fell \ Mons. Plura, *4'^ ipl^KAiV, Vide ^fkid 
Scholiaften in Ariftbph. in Niidifc^,Adt.r.5fecfft.i. 
Qua2 tranfcripfit fere Suidas m VO(ki ♦«'^- 

Foor-days -, Die declinante. AS^ ppr8^t>agcff'.Etf* 
pojiSnihrej-, Noftie loflg^ prove'fta. ' 

To found \ Idenri quod Fettle, y^ 5. pirnWia^ri. 

Garn-windks ; Harpedbn^, Rhombus. A S. jeajw 
pint)el. Quod a ^cajtn Penfa, Startler ; & plnlban, 

To geall \ Dblere. Vox prbpric de dolorc exrti^ 
inio frigorc dr. Forte a Saxonico jeallan, Intcrti- 
grere, to gall. ^ 

Giverous 'y Avidus, AS. J^pfcjv. Luc. xvi. 14. 
Qiiam voceni' a Gfaeco y^*^*^^^* pcrit M. Cafaubl 
Traft, dc4to. Ling. p. 112. " . 


Togk^ V Vqlcu efle fevcriori. JS, jlommung^, 
Cfepqfeuiumj uoftr^tibus, thfi gloipcing, Itauc to 
gjoQn^.^p^ refpondcc Latino froBi;em obnubilate, ^ 
I^ the South we uie glooin» or glum, frequently a& 
aa Ac^eiflive for tetricus, vulti trifti. 

J^ GoiJtd:ck: i CQchk^rc. F.Juniys (in Gloff.Goth. 
p. 318.) teftatur fe quondam in illo traSlu Hollan£a^ 
ubi^ ^c. ificidiff^ in fi^fticas aliquol familias quiius 
cofiblear qmii4i4n(i ^^rwai^gaepftock dicehatur.Qoih^ 
Sfika eft Calijc. 48^ f ricce Cochlear \ & yriccc 
b^iUus. Vox gob eft ab ^. jeapan pandtrc 10 
ggpc^ Upde japi pro diruptione fcpia. 

A Gc/^ -^ Comma. A Flood-gat^.. A^^ jcoran ft 
■^ijepram, Fwndere. Goth : Giutajn; Belgis, gictcn. 

A Gefiki Cuqylvw^, Avisu yiS. jasce t jaec. Da*- 

, ^ Gnapi^ LatiM^ ^jJ- gjia?p% gjiq> & g^oepc. 
]^ij[iano,grippe.Goth: Grobos, foveas. A/r?/.vfii. 20.- 

A Hacking Lucanica^ AS. gehadcco& pkf c^^. Far- 
cw:ien ; & jehaeQca, farcimentum. 

Hand-^fejting \ Cpntradtus MatrimonUIis.Dams, . 
fefiei^ol. J. If., Potnian. Chor. Dan. Defer, p* 7995,. 

Harms \ Cerebrum. Goth ;Thairn,Daiiis.Hiernei . 
Sicambri^ *,: hern vd him. Omnia hsec £acillime \ 
Graeco «e*»»^'- V. M. Cafaub. de ^to.Ling. p. 1 70. 
^bis Word is entered in the Colleltion' \\ but no Account 
given of its Etymology^ 

To berry ; Spoliare, AZ. hejiian / hejigian. F. . 
Junius derivari vult ab '<^% Tollo, Aufero. 

Hoven-br€ad\ Zymites. Matt. xiii. 33. o5 he pasp? 
call ahapcn. i. e^ Ufque dum fcrmentaretur tota. 
Hoven is the Preterperfed:Tenfe of Heave ; we ufe 
Itwfor what is unduly rajfed as Hcvcn-cheeie, Gfr. 

A Uull\ Hara, AS. hnurhula, CuUeola tegcna 
nucem. Erat etiam hulc proavis noftrisTugurjum; 
qpod contraftc diftum putat F.Junius ab ''^**^ Ma*» 
tcrialis. Goth, Hulgan eft Vcl^re, tegcre. IQandis^, 
M hil tegQ. 


lo8 Ghjfarium Nortbanhfmbrhum. 

r Jlkin \ Quilibet, AS. selc. Chaucrroi Ilk. 

AKarli Kufticus,virRobuftus. ClviU€cro,CarL 
'AS. ceopi, mas (unde noftrates dicunt Karl-ca:t pro 
Fclc mafculo & Karl- hemp proGannabomajori vcl 
jnafculo) It. vir fortis, robuftus, ftrcnuus, Unde 
htif-ccojil, sec^Ji. ceoji^, jc cojilicc je cejilice,&c,* 
Bcigis kaerle. 

To kenn\ Scire. Chaucero, to ken; & kendc, 
notus. AS. cunnan. Goth Kunnan. Gcrmanis, ken- 
nen. Danis, kknde. Iflandis, kunna. Belgis, ken- 
Ijen. ^ 7 his Word is of general Ufe^ but not very cam- 
mon^ tho* not unknown^ to the Vulgar. Ken for pro- 
fpicere is well known, and ufed to ^ifcover by the Eye. 

To kep ; Apprendere •, to catch falling. AS. ce-« 
pan, captare, he ccpr pojiutohcjte he fun^^i i. mun- 
danam captavic laudem. • 

A Kute ; Venter, Uterus, Forte a Grfcco xfl^, 
9^9 T*. Ventricofa cavitas. Eft & w3^* ^apud Arift. 
in Hift. Animal.) InfedtoriMntruncus. 

The Lave -, Reliquis. ^5. lap & lape. lapetiam • 
eft vidua 5 ut nobis hodie Relift. This is entered 
in the Collection \ but without Etymology. Thofe that 
are Xth^from leave. 

. A Lavroc \ Alauda. AS. lapejic. laucjic. lapejic. 
Lark is but this Word contraded. 

To letber\ AS. hleoSjiian eft Tonare. Dicunt 
autemNoftrates de Equis curfitantibus.They Icthcr 
it J ficut Auftraliores. They thunder it. 

A Leikin ; Amafius, vel Amafia. Goth. Leikan 
cfl: Phcerc. AS. lician. Cimbris, Arliika. Anglis 
Auftralioribus, to like ; noftratibus, to leik, &c» 
Et fallor fi non aliqua fit cum his affinitas in La- 
tinorpm Diligo, negligo, &c. a Lego. Prsefer- 
tim ciim probabile fit verbum LEGO antiquitus 
cum C. LECO, fcriptum fuifle. Sicut LEGE 
pro LEGE, LEGION pro LEGION, non femel 
IQ vettt Monumeiuis, 

* Leithwake \ 

Glf^rkifn Nortbrnhymbricum. 1 09 

^iilmiikei \ . Ag^Us^ 4^. h]?epac eft Tradabilis ; 
& unli];epac, intr^ftabiliSi A lij^ (Goth. Litha) 
Membrum ; &. pace, lentus, flexilis. Ghaucero, * 
lithi & Icthy, manfuetus. i:bis Wordisalfo enteT'^ 
edintbe ColkSlion^ but no Account of it : IJhould ra* 
tber take it to come from lith,i. ۥ limber j pliable^ &c* 
;^^:wake aS^ermination. 

Liever ; Potius. Chaucero,Lcver&Iiver. yf 5* 
leope]v& Icopjic. V. iElfr. de ver. tcft. p4 23*& 46. 
ybi Intcrprcs, Leyfer & leiver. Ueve^ or lief is of 
frequent Ufe ^/Z England over^ in this Expreffion^ t 
had as lief u e. -ffique vcllem. 

Tolitbe\ Aufultare. Chaucero, Lithe. Forte a 
Sax, hliSe, Tranquillus, Quietus. 

A Luve \ Vola. Cimbris, Luvana funt'volse ma- 
miunu Gothice etiam Lofam Saohun ina. i, e. 
^lapis casdebant eum. Marc. xiv. 6$. 

To mdle ; Decolorare. AS. mael & mal, macula. 
Goth. Melgan eft Scribere^Vide plure adud.CI.Fv 
Jun. in Append, ad GIofT Goth. p. 428. It. Ob- 
fcryat. ia Willeram. p. 69. Eft & Cambro Brii- 
tannis magi, macula : quas tamen vox forte a Ro^ 
manis mutuata. 

JMallifon\ q.d. Mjalediftion. V. Bennifon. 

Menfe y '^^\f*^^ Good manners. AS. mcnnifc, 
Humanus. Undc mepmj-clice, Humaniter 5 & 
mennij-cnys, Humanitaf. Tbe Adje£iive menfeful 
is £»tered in tbe ColleSi^n . 

•Moara, vcl. Maum. Maturo-mitis. mellow. In 
agra Oxonienfi lapidem invenics friabiltm & fri- 
goris impatientem, quem maum vocantlndigenae. 
V. D. Plott. Hift. Nat. Com. Oxon. p. 69. 

Mirk \ Tenebricofus, obfcurus, AS. myjice. 
Oanis, morcker Tenebrae. Chaucero, merck. 

To . natCy or not^ \ Uti. AS. norian. Cimbris, 
Niutt. Bel^is, nutten. Chauccrp, note, ufus. 
. A Ncdder ; Coluber, Anguis. AS. NsebtJjie. 
Matt. iii. i. Chaucero, Ncdders pro Adders. 


«10 Gkfarmm ffmS^riiymirtibk. 

; Ouitier. Umbra. Unde f» Origihcfil Katoet. VicJfJ 
Umbra in CI. Voflii Etymol. Liftg: Lat. ' 

. A Parrock\ Sepcitm, proptd{)nnii:Kl. jfS. Ftkjfi^ 
poc & pcajxjtuc, Saltus feptum^Unde vox fwidjemia 
Park. V. etiarti CJ. Voflii Eiymol. in ParochK fift 
roim & iioc. ^^ rf »«*»• 

To read, Confilium dare. Hue ft(. diftam illtrd 
.{>rQVjcrbialc apud Chaucerum: 

Men may the old out-run^ but mt mtUread. 

Ut & apud Matth. Paris, in narrandi caedeWaJ* 
leriEp. Dunelm- ad An. 1077. Short red,good ifed^ 
flea yc the Byfhoppc, AS. jtab vel jratb. Gerthahis^ 
juft. Bclgis, Raed. Hinc Rednifs-hall Carlcoli.Inde 
etiam nomina propria non pauca apud prifcos A}a- 
toonnos, nofque hodie (qualia funt Ragedund,Ra- 
dulf live Ralph, &c.) ortutn habuefe. Dc quibai 
plura, apiid R.Verftegam CI. SchotteHum i Camb* 
xienum, in ReKq. & F. Junium in notis ad WJlle- 
ramum, pv 151. 

Rideing\ Three T$TkJbirr RJdeings. L Trcs Ca- 
initati!^ Eboracenfis Dillriftus fie difti. Forte a 
-voce^ AS. Spihinj, ejuldi^m- valeris V. Not. in 
Vit.-ffilfr. R.p. 74. • 

To rope \ Diligcaiiitis inquirere, inveftigare. AS^ 

Torws^; Abblandiri* Daiiiar, Rocfglcdc, Jao 


Same ; Pinguedo AS. feime.Hinc f* fie diftum-^ 
quod Pingueda immenfi fit inftar Oneris. Seame 
cnim proprie eft Onus,farcina. Latino Barbaris,Sau- 
ana. Graccis, o-«7/a«. T^hisis a generalJVord for Oik 
or Greafe, la anoint fVobl withal, to make it draw out 
in Spinni'ag. Forte ab Hebr. Shamcn Pingucdo* 

A Scow V Ficus. AS. fco. 

Scam •, Scercus bovinum, vel vaccinum. AS. 
jrceapn. Hincque Scaraboeus, AS j^ceajinpibba \ 
Kiliano, Schearnwever. Et quidem (fit conjedlurac 
vcnia) videor raihi non minima in voce Scarabaeu* 


Y9C^U99J9^i Sfaifn yeftigia deccrnere Quam ap- 
pofit^ t^piffi r^^fiweni; noftrates, A Skarn bee? 

A i^m^fti Spftnipoum. 4S. fcamul, f casmol & 
TC^m^^' M4fPkr V. 35. Un(Je vpx hodicpna Sham-i 
Q}^0cci}rHt4? a^pyd Latinos aliquotiesScamrliutn 
wq SjcabpUHna 1 i&:.Sqaeiillvi5 apud Apuldum ^ 

- . ^tggi \ C#o pbdyftqs. AS. f ecg^ Callus. 

A- ^A;^^ J- ?ewl9S, Lipfio, inter voc^s vett. Ger- 
IpaPMf^s, Scloft ^ft S^f a. In the South we havefotm 
Fo€^^ of this Word % for imfay^ to flit a Lock^ 
i. e. to tbruft back the Bolt without a Key. 

SModi taevis, gquus fine nodo. JS. f ni,ban & 
gff n,^aa, Pplar?« Belgis, Sniidcn,Willeramo. Sni- 
dan t& Snitha^, 

A Snude*9 Vitt^. AS. fnob. Occurrit & apud 
Somn^ruij»5, irnasb pro piacbe. ficut & pnsefraa 
pra f,QaB|*^an» ^c. 

Sool ; Obfonium, Pulmentarium. AS. f uple & 
jfujpol 7i?i&, 3cxk 5, 

^Spflcky Fa^^. //^. fpelc. Kiliano^ Spalkc: 
Pajioral. xvii.9. .^f6C recap Saej> f aeji f cancpojiab 
pSIj: ae jppllcrc je w^. i. Exponente F, Junio, 
ove^ cujusiCFtt? tra^U(Ki qrat non alligaftis. 

A Stiddy i Incus, DoftifT. Joh. Raius vocem petit 
ui A$. fTiS^ Rigidus, Durus. Mallem tamen a 
jreabij (hodiey?^^; Stabilise firmus* 

A StQof ; Cadus. AS, jxoppa, Bclgis, Stoop. 

Toftorken ; Gelu adftringi. Videfur non mini- 
nam habere affiinitateni cutnGothico illoGaftaurkny 
quod occurrit Marc. ix. 18. pro l»j$«»>*la» Novimus 
aMi:cm l«j^«i^«* apud Hippocratcm,. Aliofque, non 
Arcfcerc foJun^niodQfed&Gelu conftringidenotarc. 
It feems to me to be derived from ftark, ftifF, rigid. 

To ftrefk\ Expandcrc, AS. frjiecan. 


To /well : Dcficcre ; to fownd. /IS. afj>eifetflf 
inori. Goth. Swiltan Chaucero Swelt ScficicnS;- - ; 

To threep ; Vchcmenti&s affirmare. ASk %)\eapian^ 
Redarguere, Increpare. Chaucero, threpc. Tbis iJS 
Winter ed in ibeColUSioHj but rnol in tbi Senfe of vebettuHi 
affirming ^ in which yet it is ufed^ even in the Soalbi 
in that common Phrafe^ He reap'd me down. • * 

To torfett ; Mori. AS. mir ftanum trojtptan^ 
Ad mortem Lapidare. Vide T. Marefchalli Ob- 
fervat.'in Evang. Anglo-Sax. p. 546. - ^ » . 

Unkad \ Nomen Qpprobrii* Qpidfi ab un parti* 
cula privativa & Iaet)an, legem ferre ? Adeo ut vdJt 
unleat) proprie fit exlex. Goth. Unleds^ MehdU 
cus. Pauper. 

Unfel\ Nomen (item) opprobriofum. . Gothk 
Sel eft bonus ; Unfel, malus. AS. unf asli j, In-^ 
foelix, Chaucero, Selinefs, Foelicitas* 

fVad ; Oleaftrenfe ; Nigrica fabrilis Do6b. Mer-^ 
ret; Aliis, pnigitis. Black-lead. AS. pat)) Sahdyxi 

To warp ; Ovum parere. ah ASk apajtpan, EjU 
cere. V. Mould-warp. 

A fVath', Vadum. AS. pat>. quod a pa'bani 
Tranfire. Kiliano, waddcn & waeden. V, VojQii 
Etymol. in voce Vado, & V^dum^ 

To weat •, Scire. AS. pastrani: Pf. 1. 7, ChaU* 
cero, wate ; & wete, fcit. Itjeems t$ differ from 
"Wote only in DialeSl. 

To weeU\ Eligere. Germanis,- Wclen. Belgis 
vet. waele (& Danis hodiernis,Vaalj Eledio. Vide 
CI. F. Junii Gloff. Goth, in voce Walgan. 
- tVeUaway \ Heu ! ASi palapa. 

A Whang % Lorum. yf^J. ^panj. V. Shoe^^ 

^Fhilk 5 Qiiis, Qiiid, Utrum. Chaucero, Whilk. 
AS. hpilc. Goth. Thclciks, Danis, huilk .Belgis, 
welk. Scotls, quilck. ■ . 

A IVbune \ P4uci. AS. hpaen & hwon,. AJiquan*- 
» tu\p. At pyjxccnbc hpon, Operarii pauci in Codd, 


Glbjfarium Nortbanbytiibricum. ' 113 

Hufh. & Cott. Luc. X. 2. rurfus hpon j^ecojieno, 
Fauci elcfti : Matt. xxii. 14. Germanis, Wrinyr. 

A fi^tye. Juvenca. Danis hodiernis & Scotis^ 

Wunfome. Cotnptus, Jucundus. AS. finfurti. 
Willeramo, wunne eft gaudium. Kiliano, wonne. 
Et ccrte Noftratibus, a wun to Sec, eft>Vifu jucun- 

rlTeuble'Sea. Forte, Forfitan. Vox yeablemani* 
fefto orta eft a Saxonico jeable, Poteiis.Et proinde 
ytable-Sea fonat ad verbum^ Poteft ita fe habere. 
Scoti*:, Able-Sea. It may be fo. 

A Teatber. Vimen. Gobop-bpyce in LL; Sax. 
Sepis fraftio, fVein the South ufe this Ward in Hedges. 
Eathering of Hedges^ being binding the Tops of them 
wihfmall Sticks y as it were wooven on the Stakes^ 

' \' i 

, '■'# 



t "4 ) 

Account of fbme Errors and Defefts in 
our English Alphabet, Orthogra- 
phy, and Manner of Spelling. 

X)fi^^)3(AVlNG lately had Occafion to cttit- 
^jtrvUi;^ R^r oMt Engiip Alphabet, Orthogra- 
i^H *( . phy and Manner of Spelling, I <^ 
^^ff'Sii fcrved therein many Errors and Omif. 
» *»•"«* « fions. Thofe that concern the Alpha, 
bet, I find noted and reftified by the Ri^ht Reve- 
rend Father in God, and my honoured Friend Johrit 
late Lord Bifliop of Cbefter, in his Boob, entitled, 
AnEJpy toward anuniverfal CharaSlerfbccp.^. c.\o. 
"Which, bccaufc that Work is not in every Man's 
Hand, I ftiall, together with nrjy own Obfcrvations 
and Animadverfions, upOn our Orthography and 
Manner of Spellingj here exhibit to the Reader; 
I could wifli they were 'corrected, as giving Offence 
to Strangers, and caufing Trouble and Confufion 
both to the Teachers and Learners to read i but 
I fee little Rcafon to hope they ever wiit be ; fo 
great is the Force of general and inveterate Ufe 
and Praiftice. 

I know what is pleaded in Defence of our prefent 
Orthography, viz. That in this Manner of Wri- 
ting, [he Etymologies and Derivations of Words 
appear, which if we ftioiild write, according ks wc 
pronounce, would not fo eafily be difcerned. To 
■which Ian(wer,That the Learned would cafily ob- 

An Account tffome Errorsy'&c, ti$ 

fervc them notwithftandirig ; ind as for tht VuU 
gar and Illiterate, it is all one to them s they can 
take no Notice of fuch Things. 

Firft then as to our En^U/b Alphabet, I have ob-' 
fer ved it to be faulty, i . In the Number. 2. In 
the Power and Valor of the Letters, 

As td the Number of Letters it is peccant,both 
iii the Defeft, and in the Ekcefs. That is to fay,It 
wants fome Letters that are ncceflary, and con- 
tains fome that are fuperfluous* 

L It wants fome that arc neceffary, both Vowels 
and Confonants. 
• .Firft, Vowels ; and thofe it wants three. 

I. It wants a Letter to exprefs the Sound we 
give to tf, in the Words Hall^ Jballj TVail^ and 
the like ; and to ^, in the Words Gody Rod^ Horn^ 
and innumerable the Jike v it being the fame Sound 
with the former. This is fappofed to be tfie Power 
or Sound which the antient Greeks gave to the Let- 
ttxAlpbay or • ; and, therefore,the Bifliopof Cfe?^^ 
wouki haVe the Charadler » ufed to fignify this 

"2. It wants a Letter to fignify the Sound, wc 
give to cOy or double 0^ as in gocdjJlood\ look^ locfe^ 
and in whatever other Words it i^ ufcd. for that 
this is a fimplc Vowel is manifcft, in that the entire 
Sound of it maybe continued as long as you pleafe^ 
which is the only certain Note of Diftinftiort, be- 
tween a finvple Vowel and a Diphthong. This the 
Biihop oiCbeJler exprcflfes by the Character 4r,which 
is ufed in Greek for *«' Diphthong ; becaufc com- 
mdnly that Dipthong» as alfo the French ou is pro- 
nounced in the Sound of thisfimple Vowel. 

3. It wants a Letter to denote the Sound wc 
give to the Vowel u id »/, unfy (^c. which is mani- 
teftly different from what wc attribute to it in the 
Words ir/ir, mvfe^fume^ i^c. This Vowel, as ilic Bi- 
fliQp well obtervcs, is wholly guttural, ar;d comes 

H 2 liKZf 

1x6 jfln Account of fime Errors ani 

near to the Sound we make in groaning. As for 
the Letter u in ufc^ mufe^ &?r. my Lord of Chefter 
would have it to be a Diphthong, and the Vowel 
which terminates the Diphthong, or the fubjundlive 
Vowel, to be oo^ wherein I cannot agree with him ; 
the fubjun6fcive Vowel feeming to me rather to be 
the French or whilfting k, there feeming to me to 
be a manifeft Difference between Luke and Look^ 
Luce and Loefe ; and that there is nothing of the 
Sound of the latter in the formen 

Secondly, it wants Confonants ; andof thofe four. 

I . A Letter to cxprcfs the Sound we give to V 
Confonant, which is nothing elfe but B afpirated, 
or incraflatcd, or Bb. For tho* we diftinguifli v 
Confonant from u Vowel, and- attribute to it the 
Power of B incraflatcd^' yet do we not make it a 
dillinfl Letter as we ought to do. The Power of 
this Letter was firft exprefTed, among the Latins^ 
by the Digamma JEoUcum (fo ftilcd for its Fugure, 
not its Sound) which is now the Charafter for the 
Letter F\ but had at firft the Power of the Con- 
fonant y^y and was written in Claudiuses Time in- 
vertcdly, as D I j[ A I, AMPLIAjIT. Bi- 
ibop Cbefter. 

2. A Charader to exprcfs D afpiratcd or in- 
craflatcd, or Db. For that this is a diftinft Letter 
ftom Tbj tho* we confound them, making T'ifr fervc 
for bothy is manifeft by thefe Examples. 


The, this, there, then, that, tliou, thine, thoie^ 
tho% Csf r. 

Father, Mother, Brother, &c. 
. Smooth, fceth, wreath, bequeath. 


DefeSis in our Englifh Alphabet, 117 

Thank, Thcfis, thick, thin, thiftlc, thrive, 

Death, doth, both, broath, v/rath, &^« 
Of this Difference our &Mr^;r Anceftorswere aware, 
4ind therefore made Provifion for both in their Al- 
phabet. Dh they reprefchted by S, as in FaSer, 
MoScr, ^c. Tb by J?, as in J^eif, bick, 6?r. 

3. A Letter to denote T incrafiated, or the Greek 
®, which we exprefs by Tb. That thefe three laft 
mentioned are fimple Letters, and therefore ought 
to be provided for in the Alphabet, by diftinftCha- 
rafters, appears in that the Sound of them (for they 
arc fonorous) may be continued, 2. By the Con- 
feflion of the Compofcrs of bur Alphabet ; for 
they make Fa fimple Letter, and give it afeveral 
Charafter, which differs no more from Pb^ than y 
doth from Bb^ S from Db^ or p from Tb. 3. By 
the Confent of the Compofers of other Alphabets. 
The Greeks and Hebrews making Tb a fimple Let- 
ter, and giving it a Chara£ter, and the Saxons both 
Db and Tb. 

4. A Charafter to exprefs Sby which is the fame 
with the Hebrew Scbin^ and may be proved to be a 
fimple Letter by the foregoing Reafons. 

IL Our EngUJh Alphabet contains fome Letters 
that are fuperfluous : Five in Number. 

I. C, which, if we ufe in its proper Power (as 
we ought to do) differs not at all from X, and 
therefore, the one, or the other, muft needs be fu- 

2 .^ which is by ceneralConfent grantedand agreed 
to be nothingelfeoutCir. And therefore many Wri- 
ters,and among the reft,nolefsaCritickthanMhGiV 

/^^^r, ojni^-sthe/iafteritfasbeuiguivolTecluiit: ^ 

H 3 • tin 

ii8 An Account ef fome Errors an4 

ting, inftead of quis^ quid^ quanta &c. qis^ qidj qam. 
But the Biftiop of Chejier^ who more nicely, and 
curiOufly confidercd it, finds the Letter involved 
in ^ to be eo^ not «, to whom I do fully affent. 

3. ^, which is nothing elfe but the Letter aa ra* 
pidly pronounced. Ttiis the Greeks were fenfible pf, 
for inJtead of the Dutch Word fFandals^ they wrote 
*0vu9$aMt; and we noted before, that the Greeks 
pronounced their Diphthong « as we do 00. 
, 4. X is, confcflerfly, nothing but the Letters C$ ^ 
and therefore, tbo* it niay be retained as ?^ Compen- 
dium of Writing, y^t is i^ by no Means to be ac^ 
counted a diftinft Letter, or allowed t Wace ia 
the Alphabet, 

T, Thp* it be by feme efteemed a Conlonant, 
when placed before a Vowel, yet is it not fb, but 
only the Greek lota^ or pur ee rapidly pronounced, 
as we faid before of TV. When it is accounted a 
Vowel, as in my^ tby^ it differs not at all from what 
we call i long in mine^ thine. 

Now I come to (hew that our Alphabet is faulty, 
as to the Power? or Valors attributed to fome Let^ 

1. To C, before e and i, we give the Power of yi 
before the reft of theVpwels of /iC, which is a great 
Qffence and Stumbling-block to Children, whoare 
-apt (as they have good Keafon) to pronpunce it alike 
before all Letters. So my own Children have,! re- 
member, in the Word aceeft^ for Example, pro-; 
noupce^l the fecond r as if it had been a k^ as if the 
Word bad been written akkept\ and I was forced 
to grant them, that they were in the right, but otnly; 
they mud follow the received Pronunciation* 

2. To ^, before e and i, we give the fanac Power 
ais we do to J Confonant, that is I)2g^^&.\ QkzJX 
Ihew afterward, as in Geuder^ Ginger^ Gibbff^zxyi^ 

vhich i§ worfe, that not conftantly ncithcfi for in 


DefeSls in our Engli(b Alphabets 119 

gdi^, giid^girdj &c. we pronounce it as we do before 
the reft of the Vowels, which doth, and muft nced^ 
breed Trouble and Confufion to Children. 

3. To that we call J Confonant, we attribute a 
ftrangePower, which noChild can imagine to bs.long 
to it ; which the Bifliop of Chefter hath rightly de- 
.tcrmined to be D7y. That D is an Ingredient inta 
\t Children do eafily ^ifcern ; for bid a youngChiid» 
that begins to fpeak, fay John^ it will fay Don. 

4-To the Vowel / we give two Powers, where it ii 
pronounced Ihort, that of lot a^ or e^; as in tbin,ibick^ 
Mly and innumerable others : But elfewhere of ,a 
JDiphthong, as in tbinCj mine^ and in the laft Sylla* 
ble of all other Words, to which e is added after 
th? Confonant, It is the received Opinion, that f 
is there a Note of Produdion, fignifying that the 
jUctter / is to be pronounced long ; but 1 fay,it figN 
nifies that the Charafter i is there to be pronounced 
as a Diphthong. That it is a Diphthong is clear, 
becaufe, in pronouncing of it,you cannot continue 
the entire Sound, but muft needs terminate in lota^ 
or ee. What is^ the Prepofitive Letter in this 
Diphthong is doubtful ; one, that did not curioufly 
obierve it, would think it to be ^, but the Hi (hop 
of Cbejier will have it to be «, as pronounced in us. 
Children take Notice of this Difference between /, 
when pronunced as a Diphthong, and when aa 
Iota. One of my Children, in all Words whereia 
it is to be pronounced as a Diphthong, pronounced 
it as a fimple lota^ or ee. As for mine^ tbine, like^ 
hiU^ it pronounced we^;/, tbeen^ leek^ leel^ and fo 
in all others of that Nature; the Child, ic 
Ihould i'cem, finding it more facil to pronounce the 
fingle Vowel, not being able to frame its Mouth 
to pronounce the Diphthong. 

5. To thcVovel A we give two Powers, i. That 
of the Greek Alpha in HalU fVall^ &c. as we noted 

H 4 before^ 

"120 ^ An Account of fome Errors and^ 

before. 2. That of the Latin A \n Hat^ ibafi. 
man^ bran^ &c. 

6, To the Vowel O we give three Powers : i, 
That of the Greek Alpha in God^ rody bet^ &c. 2. 
That of the Lett r ^^ in Hood^ ftood^ Book^ &c. 
3. The Power ufually attributed to it in other Lan^ 
gqages^ as in Hqle^ Home^ SfonCj &c. 
'' 7. Tq the Vowel U we alfo give two Powers, as 
appears in us and ufe. Whereof the firft is a fim- 
ple Letter, but the fecond a Diphthong, as wa3 
noted before. 

8. To Cb we give a ftrange Power, orSound^ 
which the Bilhop of Chejier rightly determines to 
be Tftf. This young Children perceive : For bid 
them pronounceCi&«rri&,fome (hall pronounce it3«r/i 
and fomc Jburjb^ the former obferved the Letter V 
In it, and the latter the Letter Sb. Whence it 
appears, that the true Writing of if is TJhurtJb. • 

^. In all Words where w is put before h^ as in ^ 
•wh^t, which, when, &c. it is evident by the Pro- 
nunication, that the b ought to be put before the 
w; and the Words written //w^, ovboben^booitjh\ 
hooat^ &c. So our Saxon Anccftors wore wont tQ 
place it. Which Manner of Writing I cannot but 
wonder hpw it came to be changed for the worfe: 

If; all thcfr Faults were amended, vi%. The fii- 
perfluous Letters cut off, the wanting fupplied»an4 
to every Letter his proper Power attributed. Spel- 
ling would be much more regular, uniform and 

I come now to make fome further Animad- 
verfions upon our Orthography- and Manner of 
Spdliiij^. - ' . ; 

The Grammarians have a Rqle, that in Spelling 
and dividing Words, by Syllables, where-ever there 
is a Confonant or two before aVowel,jhe .Syllable 
muft be brgm with- the^Gonfonantv Againft this 
Rule I would put in two- Exceptions. 

I . In 

tyefe^s in our^ EhgUfli jilpbabet. tax 

X. In compound Words, I would have the Pre* 

pofition in Spoiling^ and dividing the Syllables, to 

be feparated from the radical Word. As for \Lx^ 

ample, I would have fpcUed Ab-ufe^ not A'bufe% 

^b-rogati^ not 4'lrogate \ Vif-turb^ not Di-Jiurb j 

^if-truft^ not Di-Jlrufi^ and the like* 

2. In Words formed from Verbs for Tenfc8,Peri- 
£>ns, or Particles, by a fyllabical ' Adje6tion,.i 
^hink it proper, that the Syllable that is added^ 

ihould, in fpelling, and dividing the Word, be fepa> 
rated from the radical Verb. For Example, I would 
have it fytWtA lov-ed^ not lo-ved ; bat-ed^ not ba-ieds 
i^c. This I think moft rational and conveoient: 
1. Todiftinguifh thefe Adjedtions from the radical 
V^rlj. 2. Becaufe we feparatethcfm thus in Pro- 
nunication, as appears moft evidently in Words 
that end in Liquids, and, therefore, in fuch we 
double the Liquid rather than fo divide the Word. 
As for Example, rather than fp^U and divide the 
Vfoxdfwimmetb lYmsfwi^meth^ in our Orthography, 
we double the w, mining fwimmetb ; the like might ' 
Jbeiaid oi*trmmefb^ drummetb^ in which laft there i$ 
no more Reafon the m Ihould be doubled than in 
•the Word ccpietb. This, 1 confefs, fccms not fo 
convenient in Words that end in a Mute and Li- 
quid, fuch as are bandle, tremble^ fpi^fh\ yet may 
theAnalogy be well enough obferved even in them. 

3. I dil'approve the adding the Letter e to the 
Ends of Words, to fignify the Produftion of the 
laft Syllable, as to mate 10 diftinguifhit from mat;^ 
f moke from fmock^ mine from min^jhme from Jhin^ 
&c. This is a great Ofrence to Strangers and Chil- 
dren, who, in fuch Words, are apt [ as they have 
good Reafon) to make two Syllables of one, iknd 
to fpelt and pronounce n^a-te^ fmo ke^ ihi-ne^ pcpk. 
The Produftion of a Syllabic ought to be lignified 
by a Mark over the Vowel to be produced thus, a, 
e> ^c. But where e is added to a Syllable, conv 


tit dn j^OiMJf of Jbmtz Errors anl 

pounded with i, it figoifies lio^ as is vdlgtrly 
thought, that i 19 to be produced, but that it flands 
for a Diphthong, as wc have before noted the (ame 
is to. be fpokcn againft the adding of 41 to figoif]; the 
^producing of a VoweUas ingft<U\bead^Jir$iik^broad^ 
beat ; which, as we faid juft now; ought to be. fig*- 
nified by a Stroke over the Vowel, to be produced, 
thus, brod, gret, b&l, bet, ^1:. - . 

In Adjedives that end in a Mlute and a Liquid, 
V. g. bUy tle^ &:c I think it were convenient chat 
the i were left out, which troubles Children and 
Strangers in fpelling and reading, our Language, 
they, infuch Words, making two Syllables of one, 
for Example, reading inftead ci ftpiupkle^ pt^^Jmbl ^ 
pronouncing ble as we do in lle^mfli. i fay, two 
Syllables of ont^iov probable \ make confift but of 
two Syllables t\i\x%^ pro-babl^ triutbut of one, and 
^cn-iem-ptibl hut x)f three. A Mute and a Liquid 
joined together without aVo^el having an imper- 
fc6t Sound. So we fee they who write Words of 
the Mexican Language ending in //, of which they, 
having many, put no e after the /, as MecaxBcbitL^ 
Acbiotly &c. 

5. Nouns that end iri Hon are a great Stumbling 
block to Children, who (as they ought) give the 
fame Power to / in thefe, as they do in other 
Words, that is, its proper Power, as in //>i; and 
rficrefore all thefe Words ought to be written with 
;^, as they are pronounced^ and as Schoolmafters are 
/breed to teach their Scholars to pronounce Ji in 

6. We write gracious, righteous, grievous,and a 
Multitude of like Words, with the Diphthong ou-^ 
but pronounce them as if they were written with a 
fingle «, gracius^ right us^ grievus. We never pro- 
nounce ous in thefe Words as we do in houfe^ meu/ij 
&c. The like may be. faid of our \n Honour^ Ora- 
tour^ Auditour^ Creditourj &c. 


BefeSiiiii 9er BB^Wih-Qilpbaiee., 123 

y. In the Words neck^^ckj fdckj lockj muck^ and 
all which we write with cky either the c^ or the kjis 
altogether fuperfluous ; for in pronouncing I chal- 
lenge JAIty Man to (hew m<; ^ Difference between* 
neck and nec^Jick and^r, &c. 

8,The Spelling of tlood, floodj ice. is erroneous •, 
th^^ ought to be written lludj find^ &c, for wc 
never pronounce thefe Words as wc da nrW, nei- 
ther as we do proud. 

I might alfo find fault with fpelling 6f friend^ 
fiends bdievt^ grieviy and others of the like Nature, 
which, I thin^k, were better written with a fingle i 
fliort or long. 

* Imight alfo note many filfeSpellings in particular 
Words, as itmgue fc^ tunpjhc {orft>ee,fcituate for 
Jiiuate^ which is but lately come up, and hath no 
Appearance of Realbn, thcX^/m Word being//«/, 
without any c. Scent for Sent^ fignifying a Smell or 
Savour, which Writing is alfo but lately introduced, 
and hath no more Ground than the former, the 
iLtf/mWord from whence it comes htit\^fentio. 

Laftly, I would have ^i^ quite calhicrcd, wc not 
knowing what Sound our Anceftors s;avc if. Some- 
times we pronounce it as a double F, as in Jaugh^ 
trough^ cough J and therefore in fuch Words Fought 
• to be fubftituted inftead of it: In othrrs only as an 
^, or fimplc Afpiration, as in through^ which z\\trYC'' 
fort may be written tbroub. In others, ait rtght^ 
might\ hright^ lights (as wc now pronounce them) it 
it altogether fuperfluous, and mav br omitted, for- 
who, in pronouncing doth, or in ncaring pronoun- 
ced can, diftingutlh between rights and a rite for 4 
Cuftom or Ceremony ; and mighty and a miu in A 
Gheefe ; io in plough^ for which, therefore, /W JS 
now accepted* 

p Q sr^ 

• • . ■ » » • 

I »H ] 


P O S T S CR I P T. 

t ... 

I Have this Day fent you, by the Carrier, my 
Colle£lion of Local PTords^ augmented almoit 
by the one half; wherein I have infertcd, out 
of the Catalogue you where pleafed to fend me, 
I . All fuch as I took not to be of general Ufc : 
For I intend not this Book to be a general Englijb 
Gloflary ; (of which fort there are many already 
extant) but only, as the Title imports, a Cata- 
logue of fuch as are proper to fome Countries^and 
not univcrfally known or ufed. 

2. 1 have omitted alfb fuch as are Names of fome 
Utenfils or Inftruments, or Terms belonging to 
particular Trades and Arts. 

And 3. Words newly coined about Z^i^^^, which 
will foon be diflFufed all England over. 

Of the firft Sort are Bonny, Sedge ; whereof 
you may remember, they have faggots at Cam- 
iridgcjufing it for the kindling of Coal-fires.Muck, 
Marry, Cricket, Sofs, Bang. A Toper and toping^ 
Buck and Bucking, a Wag, Blend, Blink, Brickie^ 
vhich I take to come from Break, fignifying any 
thing apt to break. Sod is alfo ufed forTurf in mpft, 
iPjaces where I have been ; fo is Wood a known 
Word for Mad,, and the ufual metrical Tranflgtion 
of the Pfalms. 



Some Obfervations made and commuicated by 
Mr. Francis Brokefby, concerning the Dia^ 
leSiy and various Pronunciation of Words in 
the EaJi'Riding of Yorkftiire. 

i. TV ^ AN Y Words are varied by changing $ 
J^£ into a ; tW Iqueftion whether our Tork'^ 
Jhire Pronunciation be not the moft ancient. So foij 
both we pronounce bath ; for bone^ bane ; for work^ 
wark ; hence Newark^ Soutb-wark, &c. for mpre'f 
mare\ as mickle mare, much more \ for boi.e^hame^ 
hence all the Towns ending in bam, as fVickham^ 
Ftdbaniy Stretbatn^ &c. bamely for homely j for worfe^ 
laarje and war ; for fione^ fiane ; unde Stanton ; q. 
Siony TowHy Stanford^ Stanemore^ Sic. So for Wo is 
mc, Wa^s me cr.f*o». So BarnSy Children, is Borns, 
derived from Bear ; exaftly anfwering to the Latin 
nati. For Knapweed j Knopweedy bccaufc of the 
K nops at the Top. 

2. In many Words we leave out the Afpirate^ 
both at the Beginning, and at the latter End.So for 
Chaffe they fay Caffe^ for Churn^ Kern j and thence 
jufrir-milk is Butter-milk ; for Cbejl^ Kijl ; near the 
Latin Cifta ; for Latb^ Lat ; for Bench^ Bimb % for 
Pitchy Pick ; for Thatch, Tback j Thatcher ^ Theaker, 
for Churchy Kykr ; near i^^k^y^- 

3. In many Words we change cl and oul into au 1 
as for cold they fay caud % for old, aud ^ thence And-- 
ley, as much as to fay Old Town ; for Elder , Aider ^ 
or, as we write Alder ; thence Alderman^ a Senator^ 
for Woldsy or Woulds, IVauds \ thus the Ridge of 
Hills in the Eaft, and Part of the North Riding of 
TGrkJbire^ [our Apennine'\ is called j and fomti\tnt% 
the Country adjoining is called the IVtiuds, But that 
which lies under the Hills, eijpeciaUy down by Hum^ 
ber and Oufe fide, xtmzrA% fi&wden^ h called by lh# 
Country People the Lw9tb$', i, e. the L^ Cc/QMfff 


126 pa 8 T s^c R I f r. 

\n Contra-diftinftion to the Wauds. Tho' fomc call 
all the Eaft Riding befidea Holdcrnefs ^ znd in Dif- 
tinftion from it the ft^oulis. 

4. In fomc Words, far 00^ v9t pronounce eu^ as 
ceuU feuh eneuf^ for ccol^ fool, enough. In fomc 
Words, inftcad of 00^ or <?,.or oa^ we pronounce ee^ 
Is Dht for Door^ ftcck the Tien \ . Fleet for Floor % 
ahreed for abroad ; ge forgo \ fe iot fo\fe throng, 
I. e. fo full of Bufineft ; ne for no ; for -^^y^/f they 
pronounce Peufon. 

Note^ In fomc Part of the Weft Riding they" 
pronounce oi for ; Boil for bole 5 coil for cole 5 /?^/^ 
andyftw/r for bofe Sindjhoes. 

5. They ordinarily omit s at the End of a 
Word, when ufcd fbr his ; as inftcad of Jackfon^s 
Wife, they fay Jack/on Wife 1 inftcad of Brotber^i 
Coaty Brothfsr Coaf. 

■ 6. They place/ before fome Words beginning 
with Vowels, jane^yanu-^ as in fome other farts of 
England^yarely for early ; Towes for j&Wj. 

7: To the Ends of fome Words they add en \ as- 
In MafiingeHy Docken^ Bracken. Elfcwhere in Eng- 
landy the Termination en is a Note of the Plural 
Number, as in Houfen for Hofes ; Hofen for tlofes ^ 
Sbooen^ or Sboon^ for Shoes ; Peafon for P^/7/2r ; CA//- 
dren for Cbilds, &c. 

In the fame Country, for StraU)^ they ofCiS/r/^, 
and for C/^^te^x, C/^^. 

A N 

( 1*7' •) 


A N 

Account of preparing fbme of 
our Englim Metals and 

The Smelting and Refining of Silver, at 
the Silver Mills in Cardiganfliire, 

THE Oar beaten into fmall Pieces,is brought 
from the Mine to the Smelting-houfe, and 
there melted with black and white Coal i 
< /. e. with Charcoal, and Wood flit into 

fmall Pieces, and dried in a Kiln for that Purpofe. 
'the Reafon why they mix black and white Coal 
is, becaufe the Black alone makes too vehement a 
Fire, and the White too gentle •, but mixc toge- 
dier, they make a juft Temper of Heat. Aner 
the Fire is made, the Mine is cafl: on the Coals ; 
and fo interchangeably Mine and CoaU.The Mine^ 
when meised, runs down into the Sump^ L e. z 
round Pit of Stone, covered over with Clay with- 
in : Thence it is laded out, and cad into long 
fquare Bars, with fmaller Ends, fit to lift and car- 
ry them by. 

Thefe Bars they bring to the Rrfining Furnace, 
which is covered with a thick Cap of fuone* bound 
al^out with Iron, and moveable, that fo they m4y 
lift it up, and make the Ted. at the Bottom anew, 


i2l8 Of Smelfing jt^jj 

ivhich they do every Refining.) In Ihc Middle of* 
the Cap there is a Hole, in which the Bar of Metal 
httngs ih Iron Slings above the Furoace^ that fp it > 
may be let down by Degrees as it melts off. Befides 
this, they have another Hole in the Side of theFur-* 
nance, parallel to the Hqrizpn,and bottomed with 
Iron. At this Hole they thruft in another Bar. The 
Teftof an Oval Figure, and occupies^ a:|l the Bot- 
tom of the Furnacc.The Fire is p\it iii by the Sid^ 
of the Bc11qw,s. When the Furnace is con\c to a 
true Temper of Heat, the Lead converted iht6L/- 
tbarge is call off by the blowing of the BelljdWs, 
the Silver fubfiding into the Bottom of the Teft. 
The Blaft blows the Lead, converted iDtoUtbarge^ 
qS^ the Silver, aftei: the Manner that Cream 'i$ 
blown off Milk* 

As foon as the Glut of Litharge (forfo they call 
U)^ is caft pfF, the Silver in the Bottom of the Cuple 
grows cold j'and the fame Degree of Heat will not- 
keep it melted as before; The Cake of Silver, after 
it grows cold, fprings or rifcs up into Branches. - 

. The Teft is made of Marrow-bones burnt to 
fmall Pieces, afterward ftamped to Powder, and,. 
with Water, tempered into a Pafte. The Teft' is 
about a Foot thick, laid in Iron. After the Cake 
of Silver is taken out, that Part of the Teft which 
is difcoloured,they mingle with theOar to be melt- 
ed ; the reft they ftamp, and ufe again for Teft. 

The Litharge is brought to a reducing Furnace, 
and there, with Charcoal only, melted into Lead. 
The Li/i&tfrg'^ is caft upon the Charcoal in theBing 
of the Furnace, and as the Charcoal burns away, 
and the Litharge mehs, more Charcoal thrown on^ 
and Litharge put upon ic, as at firft Smelting. 

Another Furnace they have, which they call an 
Almond Fu^nace^ in which they melt the Slags, or 
Refufe of the Litharge (not ftamped) with Char- 
coal only. 



• The Slags, OT Cinders, of the firft Smeltirtg thejr 
beat fmall with great Stamps lifted up by a Wheel 
tooYtd with Water, an^ falling JDy their own ' 
Weight. Firft they are (lamped with dry Stamps* . 
tken.iifted with an Iron Sicvein Water, That which 
Kcs at the Bottom of the Sieve is returned to the 
fineltiiig Furnace without more ado. That which' 
fwims.oyer theSieve is beaten with .wet Stamp. 

. That which paflcth thro' thcSicve^as alfo that 
wh4ch,after ithath been beaten with the wet Stamps^ 
pafles thro' a fine Grate or Strainer of Iron, goeth 
to the j^ii^i^, which is a V^fiel made like to a fhal- 
low Tumbrel, vftanding a little flielvlng. 

. Thereon the Matter is laid, and Watqr running 
conftantly over it, moved to and fro with an Iron 
Rake or Hoe, and fo the Water carries away the 
Earth and Drofs,the Metal remaining behind.That 
which is thus huddled^ they lue. with a thick Hair 
Sieve, clofc wrought, in aTub of Water^ rolling the 
Sieve about, and inclining it this Way and that 
Way with their Hands. The Light which fwims 
over the Sieve is returned again to the Buddie, Th^it 
which fit for the Smelting Furnace. 

They have befides, an Jjjay Furnace^ wherewith, 
they try the Value of the Metal, i, e, what Propor- 
tion the Lead bears to the Silver,cutting a Piece off 
every. Bar, and. melting it in a fmall Cqpel. Firft 
they weigh the Piece cut off, then, after the Lead 
is fcparated, the Silver. A Tun of Metal will yield 
10, forhetimes 15, and, if it be rich, 20/. weight of 
Silver. All Lead Oar, digged in England^ hath a' 
Proportion of Silver mixed with it, but fome fo 
little, will not quit Coft to refine it. 

At the firft Smelting they mingle fcveral Sorts 
of Oar, fome richer, feme poorer, elfe they will 
not melt fo kindly. 

The Silver made here is exceeding fine and good. 

I Thefe 

Trjtx Oj^ Smelting /^. 

Thefe fix. Mountains in Cardigimfifiriitii^^ far 
diftant from each other^^ afibrd. S^ ver Oar^ Talai^. 
4foHty GegimtOH^ C0nfimlack^ G^dopren^ , BromefiM 
s^d Cummer:, 

At our being there they digged, onl}^ at i'iilalmni^ 

They fink a.PerpendicuiaclquareHolib, ocSha^s. 
thcSides whereof they ftrengthen round/ A-omi Topi 
to Bottom with Wood, that, the Earth fall norift,: 

The tranfvtcrfc Pieces of Wood^they ealkS/«p&j, 
and upon thefe, catching hold with their Handfl andr 
Feet, they delcend without uiing any; Rope. Th^ 
t]fg^ the Oar thua.^. One holds a little Bic^iue^ . or 
punch of Iron, having a loii^ Handle of Woody 
which they call a;6^;aiic»:her with. a. great. liron 
Hammer, or Sledge, drivea it into ithc; Vtin;. 

The Vtin of Metal runs. Eaft^and V/eft, itrifeth 
North* and ilqpcs, or.dips, to the SoiithL Theirc 
is a white Fluor about the Vein^ which :tfey catt 
Spar^ and a black which they call v£/iWi:^ TJiis iaft 
covers the Vein of Oar, and. when tjiat: 84)pears, 
they are furc to find Oar. 

They fell the Oar for 3/. or 4/; the Tun^tnoro 
X)T lefs, as it is in Goodncfs, or is more tan 
^or plentiful. 

This Infdnnation and Account we:, had from M(gor 
Hill, 1 66a. Who was then Mafier of the Silver. 

The Hiftory ofthcfc Silver-Worksmay bcfecn 
in Dr. Fuller^s Worthies of Wales,- General, p: 3. 

The Smelting of Lead is the fame with tho 
Smelting of Silver Oar, and therefore^ no need 
that any t^hing be faid of ic» 


'"fie Pf sparing and Smelting^ or Blcicifig of 

^in in CaitNwALL. 


^"^lH[ETm^€rs find the Mine by the Sboad {or ^ as 
^ they call it. Squad) which is loofe Stones of 
Tlii ttinted With the Eanh^ of which they give you 
thii AdC6tint. 

Tht iMdotV^xti of Tin, before the Flood, came 
MpH3i\Lt Stiperficies of thd Earth.The Flood waft- 
irtgthcf tlj^ptf Part cPit as of the whole Earth,brake 
}t off from theLcad^ arid ccmfounded, or mixed it 
vrtfh the Earth to fuch a Depth. They obfcr\'e that 
th€xieej>er the Stoad lies, the nearer is the rminLccdi 
^d the flialteWer, the further off. Sometimes it 
cc^.es Up tb the Mteriot Sbperfides of the Earth. 
The tiUin li^iz^ begins at the Eaft, and runs Weft- 
ward, fhtlving ftill deeper and deeper; and fome- 
tittitn dtfctildirig ahnolt perpendicularly. Befides 
the 'tt}iin Load^ they have little Branches that run 
from it North and South, and to other Points v.'hich 
t\\^^ ckW Country . The Vein, or Loctd^ is fomc- 
tt!rt€S lefe, fometimes greater, fometimes not a 
F64r thick, fometimes three Feet cr more. When 
they have digged a goodWay,they finkan Air-fliait, 
elfe they cannot brtrathc nor kc^cp theirCandlts light. 
The «SA<?<3i!/ commonly defcends a Hill-fide. There 
is a kind of FluDr^ which they call Spar^ next the 
Vern, and 'which fomeiimfs encompafitth it* lii 
this arc pften found the C^;?.^ Diamonds. Above 
the 5^r lies another kind of Siibilanc^ like a white, 
foft Stone, which they qzW Kdlitu Thfy }i;ct out 
the Mine with a Pick-ax, bur, when it is hard, they 
ufe a Gad [a Tool like a Smith's Punch] which 
ibey drive in with one End of their Pick-ax, n:acle 
like a Hammer. When they have gx)Lten out (if tl.c 
Mir.e,they break it with a Hammer into fmall Vv:ck \ 
ihtbiggeftnotexceedingHalfa Pound,orai*Qunc!, 

I a uiiv.! 

"1^2 Of preparing Tvn. 

and then bring it to the Stamps. [The Stamps ai^ 
•only two at one Place, lifted up by a Wheel moved 
•With Water as the Silver Mills.] There it is put 
into a fquare, open Box, into which a Spout of Wa- 
ter contiiiually runs, and therein the Stamps beat it 
to Powder^ One Sidicofthe Box mentioned is tnadc 
of an Iron-plate perforated with fmall Holes like a 
Grate,by which theWatcrruns out, and carriesaway 
with it theMine that is pounded fmall enough to pafs 
the Holes, Drofs and aH together, in a long Gutter 
or Trough made of Wood. The Drofs and Earth 
(as being lighter) is carried all along the Trough to 
Q Pit, orVeffei, into which the Trough delivers it, 
called a Loot : The Tin, as being heavier^ fubfides 
and ftays behind in the Trough : And, befides, at 
a good Diftance from the Stamps, they put a Turf 
in the Trough to flop the Tin that it runs no fur- 

The Tin remaining in thcTrdUgh, they takeout 
«ind carry to the Buddie^ [a Veffel defcribed in the 
Silver- Work] where the Sand and Earth is washed 
from it by the Water running over it, the Tinners 
ftin ing and working it, both with a Shovel,and with 
their Feet. In the Buddie the rough Tin (as they 
call it) falls behind ; the head Tin lies uppermoft or 
foremoft.The headTin paiTes to the^r^c/t, where they ' 
work it with aWoodenRake inVeffels,alnK)ftlike the 
fuddling Veflcls, Water running alfo over it. In the 
fFreck the headTin lies again foremoft,and that is fi- 
nilhed and fit for the blowing Houfe,and is called 
Black Tw^ being ol' a black Colour, and as fine as 
Sand. The rough Tin lies next, that, as alfa that 
in the Buddie^ they fift to feparate the Coarfe, and 
Drofs,and Stones from it, which is returned to the 
Stamps to be new beaten. The fine is lued in a 
fine Sierce, moved and waved to and fro in the Wa- 
ter, as is defcribed in the Silver- Work j the Oar (ub- 
fiding to the Bottom, the Sand, Earth, and other 


Of preparing 7m. , rjj^ 

Dro&, flows over the Rim of the Sierce with the 
Water : That which remains in the Sierce, the)(f 
lift through a fine Sieve, and what pa0cs. through 
they call BUck Tin^ In like Manner they order the 
wafteTinthatfallshindmoft in xhtBuddU zn^lVruk^ 
which they call the7V//,as alio that which falls into 
t\itJj)oh^ Pit, or Sumpt'i/iz. wafhing and fifting of 
itjwhjchthey call^/r//^'ir|^of it,returning therough', 
and coarfc to the Stamps, and the finer to the Wreck. 
With the roughTin that is returned to the Scamps, : 

' they, mingle new Oar, elfe it will not work, but fur 
xip the Stamps. The T» in the Loob they let lie 
a while, and the longer the better, for, fay they,. 

- it grows and incieafes by lying. 

The Black Tin is fmelted, at the Blowing Houfe, 
with Charcoal only^ firft throwing on Charcoal^ 
then ttpOn that black Tin*, and fo interchangeably ' 
into a very decpBing (which tl^y call the Houfe) 
broader at the Top, and narrower at the Bottom. 
They make the Fire very vcbcment, blowing the. 
Coals comkiaaUy with a Pair of great Bellows mov^* 
cdby Wd.ter, as in the Smelting of other Metals.- 
TheMclting Thi, together with the Drofs, or Slag, 
runs but at a Hole, at the Bottom of the Bing, 
intoa large Trough made of Stone. The Cini-^ 
der, 6r Slig, fwirts on the Top of it like Scum,* 
and hardens p'refently* 

This they take off Avith a Shovel and lay it by.. 
When they hive got a fuffident Heap of it, they 
fell it to be ftariipfed, huddled, and lued. They get 
a good Quantity of Tin out of it. Formerly it was 
thrown away to mend the Highways, as nothing 
worth. When they have a fufficient Quantity 
of the melted Metal, they ciaft it into oblong, 
fquare Pieces in a Mould made of Moore-ftone. 
'\r he leflcr Pieces they Cill Slabs ^ the grc2itttBlockx^ 
Two Pound of black Tin ordinarily yields a Pound 
of white, or more; 

I 3 The 

Of Iron Work , • 

■ Th€ Tin, after it* is mclccd, is coined, i. ^; 
iriarked,by the King's Oflker,with the Lion Ram- 
pant. The Kin*s Cuftom is four Shillings on everjr 
hundred Weight. Other Particulars, concerning 
the Tin- Works, I ottiit, beca«fe they ftiayl>c foea 
in Carewafs Smvey c^i C&rnwaU. h\xt the Manner 
of preparing the Tin for blowing or fmelting, is 
now much different from t^hat it was in his Time, 
Tin Oar is fo different in Colour and Appear* 
ance from Tin, that one would wonder that one 
Ihould come out of the other j and fbmewhat 
ilrange it is, that Tin'being fb liketo Lead, Tki 
Oar ihould be fo unlike to Lead Oar, being very 
like to the Lead tha; is melted out of iu 


^Tbe Manner ff tbi Jr^iff Work at 4be FurnacjC^ 

# ■ 

THE J.ron-Minc lies fprnetimes deeper, ibme-, 
times ihe E^rfhj^ frpip four ta 
forty and upward, 

1 here are fc;veral Spris of Minei^ ii^m^ harij* 
fome gentle, fomc rich, fpme x:oarfer. Tfce Icon 
Mailers always rpgc difS^rpn; Sprts pf Mine logc* 
iher, pthcrwilc they will hot melt to Advantage.- 
. When the Mine is .|?rpi|ght in, tbey t^kc 
Small-coal, jand l^y a {ipw of it, and uppn that a 
IcLovff of Mipe, and fo altcrnateiy,^ S.S.S. one at>ove 
another, and fettin|; the Cpals on fire,^ therewith 
iDurn the Mine. ' • . 

The Ufe of this Burning is to mollify it, that 
fo it may be broke in fmall Pieces ; otherwife, if 
jt (hould be put into the Furnace, as it comes out 
of the Earth, it wpuld not melt but come away 



Of Irm Work. J3p 

Cdxt aUb ffittft betaken that it be not too moch 
bumedt #9r then it will loop, /. e. xnelc and run to- 
gether in a Mafs. After it is burnt, they beat ic 
into fmall Pieces with an Iron Sledge, and then 
put it into the Furnace (which is before charged 
with<3oals) cafHng it updn the Top of the Coals^ 
where it melts, and falls into the Heanh, in the 
Space of about twelve Hours, more or le(s, and 
then it runs into a Sow. 

The Hcanh, or Bottom, of the Furnace is made 
of a &ind-Stonr, and xht Sides round, to tha 
Height of a Yard, or thereabout ; the reft of the 
Furnace is lined up to the Top with Brick. 

When they begin upon a new Furnace, they put 
Fire for a Day or two before they beein to blow. 

Then they blow gently, and encreafe by Degrees, 
'till they come €o the Height, in ten Weeks or 

Every fix Days they call a Founiay^ in which 
Spate they make'cight Ton of Iron, if you divide 
-the whole Smn of Iron made by the Foundays : For 
at firft they make \e& iti a Founday^ at ]aft more. 

The He»rth, by the Force of the Fire, conti-^ 
nually blown, grows wider and wider, fo that at 
firfl it contains fo much as will make a Sow cf (ix 
or fcven hundred Pound weight, at laft it'will(?OR. 
tain fo much as will make a Sow of two thoufand 
Pound. 1 he IcHcr Pieces, of one thoufand Pounds 
or under, they call Pigs. 

Of twenty four Loads of Coals they exped eight 
Tun of Sows : To every Load of Coals, which 
confifts of eleven Quarters, they put a Load of 
of Mine, which contains eigliteen Bufhels. 

A Hearth ordinarily, if made of good Stone, 
will laft forty Foundays -, that is, forty Weeks^dur- 
ing which Time, the Fire is never let go oucThey 
never blow twice upon one Hearth, though they go 
upon it not above five or fix Foundays. 

I 4 The 

136 ^be ' Manner bf^ &c; 

The Cinder, likeScdm, fwims upon the meltfcd' 
Metal in the Hearth, and is Jet out once or twice 
before a Sow is calt 

*^^y^ ^f^ *f^^ *if^^ *^\^ *!p^ ^n* ^^!^ *f^A 

!7>6^ Manner of Working tke Iron at the Forge 

or Hammer. 

IN every Forge, or Hamnier, there are two 
Fires, at leaft •, the one they call the Finery^ 
the other the Chafery. 

At the Finery^ by the working of the Hanimerji 
they bring it into Blooms and Anconies^ thus : 

The Sqw, at firft, they roll into the Fire, and 
melt off a Pieceof about Three-fourths of a hun-^ 
dred Weight, which, fo fpon as it is broken oflf, 
is called a Loop. . 

This L^(?p they take out with their fhinglingTongs 
and beat it with Iron Sledges, upon an Iron Plate 
near the Fire,- that ft) it may not fall in Pieces, but 
be in a Capacity to be carried under the Hlmmer. 
Under which they^ then removing it, and drawing 
a little Water, beat it with the Hammer verygcntr 
ly, which forces Cinder and Drofs out 6f the Mac-. 
ter; afterwards, by degrees, drawing more Water, 
tliey beat it thicker and ftronger 'till they bring it 
to a Bloomy which is a four-fquare Mafs of about 
two Feet long. This Operation they call Shingling 
the Loop. 

This done, they immediately return it to the 
Finery again^ and after two or three Heats and 
Working, they bring it to an Ancony^ the Figure 
v/hereof is in the Middle ; a Bar about three Feet 
long, of that Shape, they intend the whole Bar to 
be made of it ; at both Ends a fquare Piece left 
rough to be wrought at the Cbafery. . 


Obfervatknt m JSufinsmiry. 137 

7i7i/f, At the Fintrj three Load of the biggcft 
Coals go to make one Tun of Iron. 

At the Cbafery they only draw out the two End$ 
fuitable to what was d}kwn out at the Finay^ in the 
Middle, and fo gnifh the Bar. 

NoU^ I. Qnc Load of the fmaller Coals will 
draw out one Tun of Iron at the Chafery. 

2. They ezpeA that one Man and a fioy, at the 
Finery^ (hould make two Tuns of Iron in a Week : 
Two Men at the Cbafery fhould take up, /, e. make 
or work five or fix Tun in a Week. 

3. If into the Hearth where they work the Iron 
Sows (whether the Cbafefy or the Finery) you caft 
upon the Iron a Piece of Brafs, it will hinder the 
Metal from working, caufing it to rpatterabour,fo 
that it cannot be brought into a folia Piece. 

This Account of the whole Procefs of the Iron 
Work I had from one of the chief Iron Matters in 
Sujfex ^my honoured Friend IVaUer BurreU ofCuck- 
fields Efqi deceafed. And now, that I have had 
Occafion to mention this worthy Gentleman, give 
me Leave, by the by, so infert a few Obfervaticns 
referring to Hu/bandryiComnmt\\c2LXtdi by him in oc- 
(afional Difcourfe Qn thofe Sqbje^s, 

Obfervatiom referring to tJvfbandry. 

I. TN removing and tranfplanting young Oaks» 
X you muft be fure not to cut off or wound 
that Part of the Root which dcfcends downright 
(which, infomc Countries, they call the lap-Root) 
but dig it up to the Bottom, and prepare your 
Hole deep enough to fct it -, elfe, if you perfuade 
it to live, you hinder the Growth of ic Half in 

2. Cprn^ 

2. Corn, Of any oAct Orain, th^^fofigcrk cbn- 
tinues in the Ground, or the earjierit isfewn, rar/^ 
ris parihuSy the better fedtn it is, and the Berry 
morr plump, full, ^nd wci^ry, and of ftronger 
Nouriflimcnt ; as for £xamj^e,Winter Oats better 
than Summer Oats •, Bcan^ fet in 'FtBruary, than 
thofe fet in March j &c^ 

3. ' The moft cffeftuarWtty to prevent fmutrihg, 
or burning of anv'Coni, is tbiime'it before you 
fow it, as IS found, by daily Experience, in St^x ; 
where, fince this Pradticc of Hming, they Have, no 
burnt Corn, whereas before tHey -had abundance. 
They lime it thus, firft tliey vrct the Com a little 
to make it flick, and then fift or ^rinkle povi^dep- 
ed Lime upon it. 

4. He ufcs to plow with his Oxen End-ways,or 
all m one File, and not to yoke them by Pairs, 
whereby he finds a double Advantage, i. He, by 
this Means, lofcth no Part of rite Strength of any 
Ox, whereas, beaft-wife, it is very hard fo evenly 
to match them,as that a great Part of the Strengi^h 
of fome of them be not rendered unlefs. 3. In 
this Way a Wet and Clay Ground is not lb much 
poached by the Feet of the Oxen . 

5. He hath praftifed to burn the Ends of all 
the Pofts, which he fees into the Ground, to a 
Coal on the Outfide, whereby they continue a 
long time without rotting, which otherwife would 
fuddcnly decay. 

This Obfervation I alfo find mentioned in an 
Extraflrof a Letter, written byDavidVon-der-leck^ 
a German Philofopher and Phyfician at Mnden^ to 
Pr. Langeloty &c. Regiftered in the Ph'thfcfphical ^ 
^ranfa£lionSy Numb. XCII. Pag. 5185. In rhefe 
"Words, Hence alfo they flightly burn the Ends of 
Timber, to be let in the Ground, that fo by the 
Fufion made by Firc,the volatile Salts, which, by 
the Acceflion of the Moifture of the Earth, would 



Ohfervatlons m Hujbandry. 139 

eafily be confumcd, to the Corruption of the Tim- 
ber, may catch and fix one another. 

6. He firft introduced the Ufe of Fern for burn- 
ing of Lime, which ferves that Purpofe as well as 
Wood (the Flame thereof being very vehement) 
and is far cheaper. 

7. Bucks, if gelded when they have caft their 
Head, their Horns never grow again ; if when 
their Horns arc grown, they never caft them \ in 
brief, their Horns never grow after they are gelded. 

. This Obfervation, exprefied in almoft the fame 
Words,. I find in the Summary of a 600k of Fran" 
ctfco Radu the liaUan^ called, Efperienze intornn A 
diverfi cofe naturali^ &:c. Delivered in the PhUofo- 
pbical IranfoRions^ Numb. XCII. p. 6005. 

8. Rooks, if they infcft your Corn, arc more 
terrified if, in their Sight, you. take aUook, and, 
plucking it Limb from Limb,ca(l the levcraUiirnbn 
about your Field, than if you hang up half a 1)r;- 
zcn dead Rooks in it. 

9. Rooks, when they make their Ncfti, on«? of 
the Pair always fits by to watch it, whilr the othrf 
goes to fetch Materials to build it Klfr, \S both 
go, and leave it unfiniflied, their i'>llow Kook% 
before they return atrain, will have tarrifd ftw^fy^ 
toward their fcveral Nefis, all the Sikk^and Mti« 
terials they bad got together flrn^r^ f^erhapi^ 
the Word Recking for cheating %nii abufirig. 


C 140 • ) 


I i 

fbe Manner of the Wire fVork ^t Tin tern in 


nnHEY take little fquarc Bars, made like Bars . 
•** of Steel, which they call OJbcrn Iron^ wrought 
on purpofe for this Manufa&ure, and ftrain, /. e: 
draw thcnv at a Furnace with' a Hammer moved' 
by Water (like thole at the Iron Forgcs,but Icfler) 
into fquare Rods of about the Bignefs of one's 
little Finger, .or Icfs, and bow them round. When 
that is done, they put them into a Furnace, and * 
neal them with a pretty ftrbng Fire for about ^ 
twelve Hours : After ^hey are nealed, they lay 
them in Water for a Month or two (the longer 
the better) then the Rippers take them .and draw 
them into Wire thro* two or three Holes. 

Then they neal them again for fix. Hours, or 
more, and water them the fecohd Time dbout a . 
Week; then they are carried to the Rippers, who 
draw them to a two- bond Wire, as big as a great 

Then again they are nealed the third Time, 
and watered about a Week, as before, and deli- 
vered to the fmall Wire Drawers, whom they call 
Overhoufe-men \ I fuppofc only becaufc they work 
in an upper Room. • 

In the Mill, where the Rippers work,theWheel 
moves feveral Engines, like little Barrels, which 
they alfo call ^^rr^/j, hooped with Iron. The Bar- 
rel hath two Hooks on the Upper-fide, upon each 
whereof hang two Links, ftanding a-crpfs, and 
fattened to the two Ends of theTongs, which catch 
hold of the Wire, and draw it through the Hole. 
The Axis on which the Barrel moves,runs not thro* 
the Center, but is placed towards one fide, viz. 
that on which the Hooks are. • Underneath is 



The Maaiter of mating Vitriol. 141 

.faftened to the Barrel a Spoke of Wood, which 
.they call a Swingle^ which is drawn back a good 
.Way by the CaJms or Cc^ ia the Axis of the 
.Wheel, and draws back the Barrel, which falls to 
again by its own Weight. The Tongs, hanging 
jOn the Hooks of the Barrel, are by the Woriunen 
fattened on the Wire, and by the Force of the 
.Wheel, the Hooks being drawn back, draw the 
,Wire through the Holes. 

They anoint the Wire with Train-Oil, to make 
it run the eafier. The Plate, wherein the Holes 
are, is on the outfide Iron, on the infide Steel. 

The Hc^ are bigger on the Iron Side, becaufe 
the Wire finds more Refinance from the Steel, and 
. is ftreightened by Degrees. 

There is anditer Mill, where the fmall Wire is 
drawn, which, with one Wheel, moves three Axes 
that run theLength of the Houie, on three Floors, 
one above another. 

The Defcription whereof would be tedious and 
difficult to underftand without a. Scheme,, and 
therefore I fhall omit it« 


Modus faciendi Vitriolum coclile in Anglia. 

Worm. Muf. Seft. 11. Cap. xiii. p. 89. 

LApides ex quibusVitriolum exccquiturad litmOrien^ 
tale infulce Shepcy reperiuntur. UbiingenUm 
horum copiam colleger unt per fpaiiofam areterra miftcs 
fpcrguntj dcnec imbrn.fniUurjic^ ac cedent e Sclisaiftu £j? 
galore interram feu puherem rcdigantur fubtilijffimum^ 
nitrofum^ Julpbureum odore pratereuntes cfendentim 
Interea aqua per banc terram per eclat a in Subjs5ia 
vafa per tubulos fcf canaks derhata in vafe plumbeo 



14^ The Mamur of mti^ ViirM. 

Mff^k fik %A fiftem dkhir* Jpm& ^difuirur Aktjkf- 
$dm c4n0miiartf^ tuni in- sdhiA v&ipHmbiuik ^mii^ 

tur imrHiffis aj^ihUs aSifu^ y qkiiies iidhit^em ^dUet^if^ 
^ei iHtrMufH omiritm refrigermis. Nulld dtit^ fdft (fo- 
^ui aUi c9ntiikti boi lixHiufH- pt^ qt^Jn ^ttinhe&^ 
itd utfifctlius ebulliai ftfti injmuni pafilc^kSi i^a& 
Imoh plane confummkntut. ' - 

. Wtf (iw the Martntr of rftaking Vk?k)l, 6r CJdp- 
pcras, at Bricklefey m EjfiX'. Thejr kytfie Stones 
upon a Ufgc B^<i, or Fid6r, prepai^d m th6-dpen 
Air,uiiddrfi*^tli whk^h efiereaitG utters^orTrou^hs, 
difpofed to tetelve aftd (earty ' ^way thfe Lid\i6r itt^ 
pTfgnatc^ with the Miriefal, taa Gifteifftfwftere it is 
ttkvirtA. f Fof the Air and Weather difii)l^ing thfc 
Stones, the Rain falling updfll titetafj dai^HW a^ay 
^hhit tH^Vktidlirte jaictfj or Saki-dilRli^ed.} 

THH Lrlcjtidf they boil inlAj^ge LeaddhPa«s,"pvlt^ 
tte^ th 4gttod Qgafitity of old IWA. Whth it is 
fufficiently evaporated, they poiir It OUt into la^gfc 
Troughs A^bfSr^iri it codl^, theVitfit^clTf^^ftaHiiing 
^t6th« Side^of ■ thcf Tradghs, andt^rcrbrfs Bfars put 
into them. 

The Liquor that remains, 'after the Vitriol is 
cbryftailizcd, they call the Mother^ and r^iferve it to 
be again evaporated by boiling. • . ^ 

Th^y gather of thele Stones in feveral Places be- 
fidesihc Cpaflof the Ifland of Sb^pey. I have obr 
ferved People crathering them on the Sea Shore 
ne-ir to R.^i^bikdrnjlcne in Sujfex. 

The Mann-r of making Vitriol in Ilaly isfome- 
thing different from ours in England^ which, take 
in Mattbiohis^s Words. 

Miner(^ glebas in acervos 7ned',ocres conjeiBosignefup- 
fqfito accendttnt. Sponte autem urunt Jemel acctnfcc^ 
donee % in calcemfeg, ctnercs maxima ex parte reducan- 
tur. Mineram cubujlam in pifcinas aquosplenas ebru- 
unt^ agttando^ mijcendoque ecm^ ut aqua imbuatur fub- 
ft ant id VitriQli. A^uam bancViilriolatam dfedimenia 



I'be Making 0/ MiniQiii, 0r, 143 

claram bauriunt ; t? in caldaria plumbea trcnsfun- 
dunt quam igne fuppojito decoquunt. Verum dum ebul- 
lirj' in medui 4:oBur0 vdparUm Jkpra vel infra addknt 
modicum ferri veteris vel glebes csrisjuxta intent ion em 
^^antis. Aquam Vitridatum deeo^am tn vafa Itgm^k 
ttansfundtmt in quihus frigefccns congelatur in Vi^ 

* Thcy-makegfcat Quantities of Grcca Copperas 

• • . .. ■ • . 

^he Making, cf Minidm, or Red-Lead. 

IJ^iRST they tak€ Lead and wafte it ih an Ofren 
j** or Fiirhttecv that is, bring it to a Subftanci 
ahnoft like a Lithargy^ by ffirring it with art frort 
Rakie or H^e. tilis they grind with two Pair of 
Stones; wi>icb deliver it froirt one to another, the 
firft grinds it^coarfer^ the fecond' finer. [There is t 
Mffl fo contrived jis that it n>oves at once fix Pair 
of thcfe Stones;} Thus' reduced to Powder and 
iralhetf, it is p«t ihto an Orcn, or reverberating 
Furnace, and by continual ftirring with the Iron 
Rake, or H6e, it is brought to the right Colour in 
two or three DAys. The Fire muft not be extreme 
aH this while, elfe it will clod together, and 
change Colour. The Iron Rake, wherewith it \% 
ftirred, is hung,or poifed, on an Iron Mook,elfe it 
is To heavy that it couW not be mov<-d by one Man. 
Ccrufs is made of Plate'* of Lead frmcnfd with 
Steams of Vinegar, vid. Philofophicd Tranfafticns^ 
Numb. CXXXVII. p. 935. 



[ »44 ] 

The Mom JFork at Whitby in Yorkfliifc, 

'ipHE Procefs of making Altom, as we pardy 
•*' ftw, and partly received from the 'Workmeny 
was as followcth. 

' Firfl:, They take the Mine, picked from the 
Deffiy or Rock, and laying it on great Heaps, bunt 
it with Whins and Wood 'till it be white. When 
it is fufficiently burned, they barrow it into a Fit 
made on purpofe, fome <en Feet long, fik Feet 
broad, and feven-fourths of a Yard deep, where it 
is fteeped in Water for the Space of eight, or ten 
Hours. Then they draw out the Liquor ("wliich is 
but a Uxivium impregnated with the Allom Mine) 
into Troughs, by which it is conveyed to the Allom 
Houfe, into a deep Cittern of about twenty Yards 
inCircumfercnce, and three Yards and a Half deep* 
After this firft Water is. drawn off the Mine in the 
Pits, they do not prefently caft away the Mine,but 
pour frefti Water on it the fccondTinne 5 and, after 
the fecond Water isdrawnoff (which is much weak- 
er than the firft) they caft out the Mine, and put 
.in new, and pour on frclh Water as before. 
> Out of the Ciftern they convey the Lixivium^ 
by Troughs, into the Pans 5 where it is boiled for 
the Space of twenty-four Hours ordinarily. Thjen 
they take off the Liquor out of the Pans, and 
examine it by Weight, to know how much Lee, 
made of Kelp^ it will require, which is for the moft 
Part fix Inches of the Pan*s Depth: 

Which being put in, fo foon as the Liquor 
boils, or flows up, by the putting in of an Iron 
Coal Rake, or other Iron Inftrumcnt, they draw it 
off into a Settler, and there let it ftard about an 
Hcur,that fo the Sulphur and other Dregs may fet- 
tle to the Bottom, which being done, it is drawn 



rbe Mom Work at Whitby. 14^ 

off into Coolers, where it contincs about four Days • 
and Nights. The Cooler being drawn about half 
full, they pour into it a Quantity of Urine, viz^ 
about eight Gallons into a Cooler that contains 
about two half Tuns. 

Having thus flood four Days and Nights, it is 
quite cool, and the Allom'chryfcallized to the Sides 
of the Cooler. Then they fcoop out the Liquor 
(which they call the Mother) into a Ciftcrn,and put 
it into the Pans again,with iiew Lixivium to be eva- 
porated by boiling, &fr. The Allom that is Ihot- 
tcn and chryftallized on the Sides of the Cooler, 
they fcrape off and wafh with fair Spring Water 3 
then throw it into a Bing, where the Water drains 
from it. Thence it is taken and caft into a Pan* 
■which they call the Rocking Pan^ and there melted ; 
it is fcooped out, and conveyed by Troughs into 
Tuns, in which it ftands about ten Days until it be 
perfeftly cool and condenfed. Then they unhoop 
and ftave the Tuns, and taking out the Allom, 
chip it and carry it into the Store^Houfe. 

We failed to enquire exa(5i:ly what Proportion of 
Kelp, they put in. For tho* they, told us fix Inches 
of the Pan's Depth, yet they told us not how deep 
the Pans are made. 



i 1+6 3 


ifisffmiif!!f^ib^'ffibyfib}mfis^ m^fmfi^f^ 


Making of Salt at K^mpt* 
wych, in Ghefliire. 

THE Salt Spring, or (as they cill ir) tte 
Brine Pit, is Hear the River, and is fo 
plentiful, that were all the Water 'boikd 
out that it would afford (as they told tw) 
it would yield Salt enough for all England. The 
'Lords of the Pit appoint how much fhall be bbil- 
•cd as they fee Occafion, that the Trade be not 

Divers Perfons have Interefl: in the Brine-Pit, fo 
that it belongs not all to 6ne -Lord •, fome have 
one Lead -wallingjfome two, fdine three, fome four, 
K>r more. 

N. B. yi Lead-walling is the Brine of i'iiotntyf6wr 
Hours boiling far one Houfe. 

Two hundred and fixteen Lead-wallings, or 
thereabout, belong to all the Owners of the Pit. 
No Tradefmen, Batchelor, or Widow, can rent 
more than eighteen Lead-waliings. 

They have four fworn Officers chofen yearly, 
which they call Occupiers of Walling^ whofe Duty is 
to fee equal Dealing between Lord and Tenant, 
and all Perfons concerned. They appoint how ma- 
ny Houfes fhall work at a Time, and that is twelve 
at the moft. When there is Occafion for Salt to 
be made, they caufe a Cryer to make Proclama- 
i^ion, that fo all Parties concerned may put to their 
•' • Firea, 


Xi^ MoimiP^ rf making Salt. 147 

Fires at the fame Time ; and fo when they {halt * 
ceafe at a determinate Hour, at which thev muft 
give over ; elie they caufe their Salt to be marred 
by cafting Dirt into it, or the like. 

There are in the Town about fifty- Houfes, and 
every Houfe hath four Pans, which the Rulers are 
to ijbe be exactly of the fame Meafure. 

Salt-water taken out of the Brine-Pit in two- 
Houvs 9ad a Quarter boiling, will be evaporated 
and boiled up into Salt. When the Liquor is more- 
than lujke-warm, they take ftrong Ale, Bullock's 
Blood, and Whites of Eggs, mixed together with; 
Brine in this Proportion ; of Blood one £g^ (hell 
full, the White of one Egg, and a Pint of Ale, 
and put it into a Pan of twenty-four Gallons, or 
thereabouts. The Whites of the Eggs, and the 
Bload, fervc to clarify the Brine by railing the- 
Scum, which they take off juft upon the Boiling 
of the Pass, otherwiie it will boil in, and ipoiL 
the Sak. The older the Blood is, the better it 
is, ccsleris paribus. They do not always put in- 
'S^OQdyViz. when there is Danger of the Liquor's 
boiling to faft. If the Liquor happens to boil too 
fkft, they take, to allay it. Brine that had been 
boiled and drained from the Salt : Crude Brine, 
they fay, will diminifh their Salt. The Ale fervcs, 
they faid, to harden the Corn of the Salt. 

After one Hour's boiling, the Brine will begin to. 
Corn: Then they take a (mall Quantity of clear 
Ale, and fprinkle thereof into the Pan about one- 
Egg-fhell full. [Note^ If you put in too much,. 
it will make the Broth boil over the Pan.] All 
the while before they put in the laft Ale, they 
caufe the* Pan to boil as faft as they can; after- 
wards very gently, 'till the Salt be almoll dry. 
They do not evaporate adftccitatem^ hut leave a- 
bout a Pottle or Gallon of Brine in the Pan, left 

K 2 the^ 


148 The Manner of making Salt m 


the Salt fliould burn, and ftick to the Sides of 
the Pan. 

The Brine thus fufficiently boiled and evapo- 
rated, they take out the Salt, and put it into 
Conical Balkcts, (which they call Barrows) and in 
them let the Water draiil from it an Hour, more 
or lefs, and then fet it to dry in the Hot-houfe be- 
hind the Furnace. 

A Barrow, containing fix Pecks, is fold there 
for IS. j\.d. 

Out of two Pans of forty-eight Gallons, they ex-' 
peft fevcn Pecks of Salt, tVincheJler-meafure. 

Note^ The Houfe in which the Salt is boiled, is 
called the JVych^Houfe\ whence may be guef&d 
Tifhat Wych lignifies, and why all thofe Towns 
where there are Salt-fprings, and Salt made, are 
called by the Name of fVycb^ viz. Namptwycb^- 
Northwych^ Middlewych^ Broitwych. The Vciicl 
whereinto the Brine is by Troughs conveyed from 
the Brine-Pit, is called the Ship. It is raifed up out 
of the Pit by a Pump. Between the Furnace and 
the Chimney Tunnels,which convey up the Smoke, 
is the Hot-houfe, where they fet their Salt to dry; 
along the Floor whereof, run two Funnels from the 
Furnaces almcft parallel to the Horizon, and then 
arifc perpendicularly ; in thefe the Flame and" 
Smoke running along from the Furnaces, heat the 
Room by the Way. 

At 'Droitv^cb in IVorccJlerfbire^ the Salt is boiled 
in (hallow leaden Pans. They firft put in Salt-wa- 
ter out of the Brine-Pit. 

After oncHour's boiling they fill up thcPan with 
Water that drains from the Salt fet to drv in Bar- 
rows. After a fecond Hour's boiling thc^y fill up 
the Pan again with the fame. 

In five Hours Space the Pan boils dry, and they 
take out the Salt. 



!ZZ^ Mamur of mahng Sak. 149 

; In twenty-ibar Kours dicy b63 out five Pan$,and 
then draw out the Alhes. After theAfhes are drawn 
out, they put in the White of an Egg, to caufe the 
Scum toarife, [vfz. the Duft and Alh that fell into 
the Pans, while the Afhes were drawing out]' 
which they take off with a Scummer. After four 
Hours they begin «to take out the Salt; and once in 
twenty -four Hours they take out a Cake, which 
flicks to the Bottom of the Pan ("which they call 
clod Salt) othcxmk the Pan would melt. They 
told us, that they ufed neither Blood nor Ale. 
The Salt made here is extraordinary white and fine. 
Anno 1670, A Rock of natural Salt, from which 
iffues a vigorous, (harp Brine, was difcovered in 
Cbejbire^ in the Ground of William Marhury^ Efq; 
The Kock, which is as hard and pure asAllom,and 
when pulverized, a fine and (harp Salt, is between 
thirty-three and thirty-four Yards diftant from the 
Surface of the Earth, Mountains of Foflile Salt arc 
found in Hungary^ Jranjilvania^ Uthuaniaj &c. 

^e Manner of making Salt of SeaSanJ in 


IN Summer-time, in dry Weather, they fkim or 
pare off the upper Part of the Sand in the Flats 
and Wa(hcs,that are covered at full Sea, and bare 
when rhe Tide is out, and lay it up on grearHeap^. 
Of this Sand thtry take and put in rrough.s,borcd 
with Holes at the Bottom, and thereon pour Water, 
as Laundreflesdo upon Alhes to. make zLixrjium-^ 
which Water draining through the Sand, carries tlic 
Salr, therein contained, down with it into Veflcls 
placed underneath to receive it. So long as thisLi- 



'iS^ ^^ Mfmm^ of mMfig Sak. 

quor is. ftrong enough to bear aitEgg, th^potireit 
more Water ; fo £3011 as the Egg begias tx> fiok^ey 
caft the Sand out of the Traugha^ and pot in oew« 

This Water, thus itnpregnant with Sate, they 
boil in leaden Panss wherein the Water cvaporat-. 
21^, the Salt ramains behind^. 

There is aUb ac Uewca^k^ #r^ArFtf»/9 in &cot^ 
hmdjfmiebaven in Cumimtkmd, and elfewhere^reat 
Plenty of Salt made of Sea-wacer, by boiling, and 
craporating in like Manner^ wherein they make^ 
ufe of Oxes Btood. 

As for thefe Accounts of preparing feme of our 
Engliftf Mineral, I dare anfwer for the Half of 
them, having fcen them myfelf, many Years ago, in, 
my Travels through England and JVaks^ and pub- 
lifhed them Jni^ 1 674 5 fincc which Time other 
Procefles have been given in the Pbilo/ophical Tran- 
faSians^ which beine more operofe, may be ufcful 
to Underukers of mch Works, therefore we will 
refer to them. 

For the Iron Works in the Foreft of Dean, Sec 
JPUUfipU^al rranfklihns^ Numb. CXXXVIL 

For the Tin Mines of Carmval and Devor^ire^ 
See Numb. LXIX and CXXXVIII. 

For Refining with Antimony, ibid. 

The Art of Refining, Numb. CXLIL 

An Account ofovtvEngliJb AUom- Works, iiid^ 

Of our jE«^/^ Copperas- Works, /^/W. 

Of our salt- Works, ibid. 
, Of Coal-Pits. See Dr. Plot of StafoHJhirt^ 
Chap. III. Paragraph 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 60,. 
61, 62. 




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