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ir0t Qlmerican (Ebiti0n^ CartfitUs Uttii^th, 












s^3^, /a 

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand 

eight hundred and forty - nine, by 

Harper & Brothers, 

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District 

of New York. 




(Il)i9 tDotk id Debicateb 






The present work will be found to supply a desideratum that has long been 
felt by the classical student. The preface of the English editors will show the 
various sources whence they have culled their materials ; while an examination of 
the volume itself will convince any one how successfully they have accomplished 
the object which they proposed to themselves in preparing it. We have had, in 
(act, no work before this, on the same subject, in the English language, at all 
deserving of being compared with the present one, and it is to be hoped that the 
wretched compilations which have hitherto been used will be now completely dis- 
carded. No teacher, indeed, can retain them after this, who is conscientious in 
his vocation, and sincere in his efforts for the improvement of his pupils. It seems 
unnecessary, at the present day, to say any thing in favor of frequent practice in 
Grreek and Latin composition. No one can be an accurate scholar without it 
Whether a work like the present one is likely to be a useful aid in pursuing such 
a practice, the following remarks of Lipsius will satisfactorily decide : '^ Lectio 
nan sufficity imo nee felicissima memoria; sed opus est eaxerptis quibusdam et 
notis return verborumque singulariumy quas imitemur. Qu(b excerpta memorial' 
ibus libellisj tanquam cerario^ contineri velim^ unde sermonis illce opes per tempus 
et ad usum promantur.^^ — ^Epist. Institut., c. xii. 

In preparing the present edition for the press, numerous corrections have been 
silently made in the body of the work, and various improvements introduced, all 
tending to make the volume a still more useful one. What will be found, how- 
ever, to give the American edition a decided advantage over the English work, is 
the Dictionary of Proper Names, which is wanting in the latter. This has been 
prepared from the best sources, but more particularly from Quicherat's '^ Vocabu- 
laire des Noms G^ographiques, Mythologiques, et Historiques de la Langue Latine," 
Muhlmann's '^ Verzeichniss der geographischen, mjrthologischen, und geschicht- 
lichenNamen," Freund's " Worterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache," Klotz's " Hand- 
worterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache" (as far as published). Sharpens '^ Nomenda- 
toi Poetious," Leusden's " Onomasticon," &c., and Biachoff und Moller's " Ver- 
^ichendes Worterbuch der alten, mittleren und neuen Geographic." 

It remains but to add that the present work has enjoyed the careful supervision 
oi the editor's learned and accurate friend and colleague. Professor Drisler, a cir- 
comstanoe of no small imp(»rtance as regards the utility of the book. 

CoLVMBU CoLLBOBt Sept. 1, 1S49. 






The present work will be found to supply a desideratum that has long been 
feh by the classical student. The preface of the English editors will show the 
various sources whence they have culled their materials ; while an examination of 
the volume itself will convince any one how successfully they have accomplished 
the object which they proposed to themselves in preparing it. We have had, in 
ISeu^ no work before this, on the same subject, in the English language, at all 
deserving of being compared with the present one, and it is to be hoped that the 
wretched compilations which have hitherto been used will be now completely dis- 
carded. No teacher, indeed, can retain them after this, who is conscientious in 
his vocation, and sincere in his efforts for the improvement of his pupils. It seems 
unnecessary, at the present day, to say any thing in favor of frequent practice in 
Ghreek and Latin composition. No one can be an accurate scholar without it 
Whether a work like the present one is likely to be a useful aid in pursuing such 
a practice, the foUovdng remarks of Lipsius will satisfactorily decide : '^ Lectio 
nan sufficitj imo nee felicissima memoria; sed opus est eoocerptis quibusdam et 
noiis rerum verborumque singularium, quas imitemur. Qwe excerpta memorial- 
ibus libelliSj tanquam cerario, contineri velim, unde sermonis illce opes per tempus 
et ad usum promanturP — ^Epist. Institut., c. xii. 

In preparing the present edition for the press, numerous corrections have been 
nl^itly made in the body of the work, and various improvements introduced, all 
tending to make the volume a still more useful one. What will be found, how- 
ever, to give the American edition a decided advantage over the EngUsh work, is 
the Dictionary of Proper Names, which \& wanting in the latter. This has been 
prepared from the best sources, but more particularly from Quicherat's " Vocabu- 
kire des Noms G^ographiques, Mythologiques, et Historiques de la Langue Latine," 
Muhlmann's '' Verzeichniss der gec^aphischen, mythologischen, und geschicht- 
lichen Namen," Freund's " Worterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache," Klotz's " Hand- 
worterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache'' (as far as published), Sharpe's << Nomencla- 
\xx Poeticus,'' Leusden's " Onomasticon," &c., and Bischoff und MoUer's " Ver- 
gleichendes Worterbuch der alten, mittleren und neuen Geographic." 

It remains but to add that the present work has enjoyed the careful supervision 
of the editor's learned and accurate friend and colleague. Professor Drisler, a cir- 
cumstance of no small impcnrtance as regards the utility of the book. 

CoLVMBU CoLLiOK, Sept 1, 1849. 


mnrz I 



The work, now at length completed, has cost us many years of labor — ^labor 
that has often seemed almost hopeless. 

A very slight inspection of it will show that it aims at a far higher standard of 
accuracy and completeness than any of its English predecessors. Indeed, it cin 
hardly be said to have had any predecessor in its o\m kind ; for no English-Latin 
Dictionary hitherto published has even professed to give any account of the use of 
words set down, their synonymical distinctions, the niceties connected with their 
employment by classical writers, with such remarks and cautions as a cursory 
glance at any important word in the following work will prove that it has at least 
attempted to supply. 

The title-page states that it is founded upon the German-Latin Dictionary of 
Dr. Charles Ernest Georges, of which the first edition was published at Leipsic 
in 1833 ; the third in 1845. That work consists of two octavo volumes, usually 
bound together in one very thick volume of 1820 pages. Dr. Georges had a pred- 
ecessor of great merit in Dr. Frederic Charles Kraft. As, however, the only 
edition of Kraft's Dictionary that we have consulted is the fourth edition (" re- 
modelled and enlarged"), which appeared at Stuttgard in 1843, we can not state 
exactly how far Dr. Georges is indebted to the earlier editions of Kraft's work, 
which, in its present form, is the most copious of all the German-Latin Dictiona- 
ries, consisting of two very thick octavo volumes, which contain respectively 1426 
and 1509 pages. Though we have occasionally consulted Kraft with benefit, we 
are decidedly of opinion that Georges is considerably superior to him in clearness 
of arrangement, and in the combination of sufficient fullness with a sound principle 
of selection ; nor do we hesitate to give the preference to Georges even on the 
ground of scrupulous accuracy, though the occasional instances of inaccuracy that 
we have detected in Kraft are very rare exceptions to the general character of his 
work. Dr. Muhlmann, who published a German-Latin Dictionary in 1845, is al- 
most entirely dependent upon Georges. 

With respect to other helps, the " Anti-barbarus" of Krebs, Doderlein's " Syn- 
onymical Hand-book," and Freund's " Worterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache," 
have been our constant companions. We have also derived considerable assistance 
from Bonnell's " Lexicon Quintilianeum ;" and have often consulted with advant- 
age Haase's notes to Reisig's " Vorlesungen," Hand's " Tursellinus," and Kriiger's 
" Grammatik der Lateinischen Sprache." Among other works, of which we have 
occasionally made use, we may mention Billerbeck's ^^ Flora Classica," Kraus's 

•«rill FIvBFACB' 

" Medioinisohes Lexicon," Emesti's " Lexicon Teohnologice Latinorum Rhetorioee,'' 
with Crusius's " Vollstandiges Worterbuoh" to Caesar, and Billerbeck's to Corne- 
lius Nepos. 

About 150 pages of the work were printed off before either of us became aware 
that the other was engaged in the same task, and was drawing his materials from 
the same sources. For that portion of the work Mr. Arnold alone is answerable. 
When a joint publication was resolved upon, the portion (A — C), which Mr. 
Riddle had but recently sent to press, was withdrawn, and we exchanged the 
materials that each had prepared for the half which vras to be executed by the 
other ; but, to speak generally, Mr. Arnold is responsible for the first half, firom A 
to K (inclusive), and for the letter U ; Mr. Riddle for the remainder. Mr. Arnold 
has to thank W. FradersdorfF, Esq., of the University of Berlin, for very useful 
assistance rendered to him during the progress of the work. Mr. Riddle has also 
some acknowledgments to make to the same gentleman, and is still more indebt- 
edfto his own brother, the Rev. John B. Riddle, M.A., of Wadham College, Oxford. 

We are very conscious that the worit is still far from perfect ; but we feel a just 
confidence, founded upon the excellence of Greorges's Dictionary, and a conscious- 
ness of our own diligence, that it possesses the general merit of strict accuracy, 
and is the only English-Latin Dictionary that a student can consult with the 
reasonable hope of finding what he wants, and the certainty of being able to trust 
what he finds. 

A copious Dictionary of Proper Names, to complete the work, will be published 


Cic. = Cicero, 

Hot. = Horace, 

Iav. = lAvy, 

Nep. = Nepos, 

Ov. = Ovid. 
Quint. = QuintiUan, 

SaU. = SaUust. 

Tac. = Tacitus. 

Virg. = Virgil. 
The names of other authors are abridged 

in the usual way, Ccw., Ter., Flin., 

Sec. When PZin. stands without " JS^." 

(= Epistles), the Natural History of the 

elder Pliny is meant. 
Auct. Herenn. = the author of the ''Rhe- 

torica ad Herennium/' among Cicero's 

Cod. Theod. ) = Code of Roman laws 
Cod. Just. ) drawn up by command 

of Theodosius and Justinian re^fect- 

Dig. = Digests {the body of Roman laws). 
Inscript. Orell. = OrMi's Collection of 

Latin Inscriptions. 

* prefixed to a word or phrase means that it is not found in a classical author, but is the 
bert substitute the compilers can give. Very many phrases to which this note is prefixed are 
from Murettis, Ruhnken, Wyttenbach, Sec. Kraft has been very industrious in collecting 

The meaning of a phrase printed thus : Vid. '' make Way for" is, See the phrase " make 
y^for^ under Wat. 

^ — * ■ ■■»■ 

^^mmr^ \ 




940. JjivijiBAndTODlcxiu{exkibiUtke^r9t play at Rome). 

835. Cn. NflBTias. 

219. a. Fabioi Pictor. 

904. NsBTias banished firom Rome. 

201. Gate the Ceneor. 

Enmtu. Plantos. 
184. Death of PUntat. 
166. Terentiiu. 
149. Ptcaviog. Atthu. 
133. Afrsniog. 
130. Lacilias. 

77. LQcretios. 

64. Terentiiu Varro. 

63. M. Talliaa Cicero. 

48. C. Valeriag Catnlliis. 

44. SaQastiat. Cornelias Nepofl.t Hirtioa. 
[31. Caetar OctaviannB Augustus.] 

Augustan Agk. 

28. VirgiUas. 

1. Tibnllas. Properties. 

Livios. Trogns Pompeias. 
Q. Cartins Rnfiis {according to Hirt. and Zumpt. 

See A.D. 41, 69, 193). 
Rotilina Lupus. 
12. The Fasti Capitolini and Prenestini. 

{^ame of reigning Emperor.) 
Claodins Tiberius Nero. 

14. Monamentnm Ancyranam. 

15. M. AnnsBos Seneca. 

Velleias Patercalos. Valerius Maximns. 
T. Pbsedms (Pbnder, Passow). 

Cains Caesar Cilioula. 
37. Cornelias Celsas. 

Tiberias Claudius. 
41. Pomponias Mela. 

L. Janias Moderat<M ColameDa. 

Scribonias Largas. 

Asconias Pedianos. 

d. Cartios Rnfos {according to St. Croix. See 

A.D. 69, 193). 
Q,. Biiemnins Fannias Palaemon. 

Nkro Clandins Cesar. 
54. L. AnnsBas Seueca. 

Persins. Lncnnns. Silins Italicos. 
Petronias Arbiter {according to the usual belief. 

T. Flavins Vespasianus. 
69. PUnias M^or. 

Q,. Cartias Rofas {according to Buttnumn). 
Valerius Flaccns. 

{Name of reigning Emperor.) 
T. Flavins Domitlakus. 


81. Papinias Statins. 
D. Junius Jnvenalis. 
M. Valerius Martialis. 
Tercntianus Maums {as generaUy supposed. See 

M. Fabins duintilianns. 

M. Ulpius Trajanus. 
98. Tacitus. 

Suetonius Tranqaillus. 

L. Floms. 

Plinius Secundas. 

Javolenus Prisons. 

T. JElius Hadriajtus. 
138. S. Pomponias. 

Antobikus Pius. 


A. Gellins. 

M. Aurelins Antoninus Philosophvs. 
161. Appuleios. 

Skptimius Skverus. 
193. Domitios Ulpianus. 
Julius Panllns. 

Q. Septimius Florens TertuUianusX 
Qi. Curtius Rufus {according to Niebuhr). 

M. Aurclius Severus Alexander. 
222. Petronius Arbiter {according to Niebuhr). 
Ccslius Apicius {cookery). 
M. Minucius Fdix. 
Thascius Ccscilius Cyprianus. 

L . Licinius Gallienus. 
260. Terentianus Maums {according to Ni^uhr). 
L. Ctecilius Lactantius Firmianus. 


350. Hilarius Pictaviensis. 
358. S. Aurelins Victor. 

Flavins Claudius Julianus. 
361. Flavias Eutropius. 
Ammianus Marcellinns. 
Ambrosius Josippus. 

[Alaric in Rome.] 
379. Aurelius Avgustinus. 
409. Caelius Anrelianus (physician). 
438. Codex Theodosianus. 

(Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, 493.) 
510. Priscianns (^mmaticus. 


527. Corpus Juris Justinianeum (528-534). 

* Extracted from F. Paasow's QrundiMge der Grischischen und Rlimischen Literatur und KunstgeschtOts, 
t The sfe of Ae work tint goes under his name is disputed. 
X Names in Italics are those of Christian writers. 




A ^ Letttr o f tk* Alphabet, A. The 
• UUtr A^ Amin. Short A, A breria. 
GfMl A^ A grandis {oppotd to minflta). 
T»€%dintk€ Utter ^, in A litenun exira 
(QksiU.). To Uam one'» A, B, C, (1) liL, 
alpha e( beta diacdre (Juv.), literarum 
Bomina et contextiu difloere {their namet 
im order) : (3) igr^ prixna elemcnta diace> 
rt : *pninia efemeDtia or Uteris imbftL 

A, (indefinite article: nntroit^at- 
ed: hmt if ii it to he intimated that the word 
ie not toot undergtood dfjiniuly, allauis i» 
lued ; e.g.,'* in the d^nition of a thing,** 
hi definidone alicnjiu rci (in definitione 
rd would mean : of the thing already men- 
tioned, or going to be mentioned^, \\A 
certain one, a particular indwidual, 
dough it i» not neeetoarjf, or per ha pt pot- 
«Uc, to name it; qnidam ; e. g^ ** ^4 peasant 
^{A«i,''bocfiicitrustlcusquidam. \\Ofi- 
em equivalent to " ouch a one,'* ia qui ; e. g., 
wko would not be favorably dispoeed to a 
king who f Ac ; quis non ei regi fevSret, 
qui. Sec (with subjunctive). || " A" w alto 
iratulated by quidam, when a particular 
rndieidual i» referred to a clofs ; e. g., " m 
the houM of a ho^ named Camelno," in hoa- 
pitis cajusdam, nomine CamSli, domo. 
-Fabiue a PeUgnian,^ Fabiuf, Pelignus 
qoidam. H *" '^ Plato*' to expre$e a man 
like Plato, a man cf Plato' g geniu», Sic, it 
gtneraUy tran^aud by thejtlural ; e. g^ 
"ITf/fNiaJkofa Pauline, a Cato, a Gallus," 
diriiiras PaoUoa^ Cat<:>ne0, Galloo. ||£acA, 
with numerale. ^* A** omitted, and a diotrib- 
«toe numeral naed : ** a day," " a month,** 
Sui^ moeity singali, singulis diebua, men- 
Mbiu, Sic (Jbul alio quot diebua, mensi- 
bv. Sec) : in nngulas horas, in singulos 
die« {but aUo in boras, In dies). ** There 
were two hunts a day for the fiioe da^e^** 
binae Tenadones per dies ^uinque. ^A 
mam," moetly omiUed, and dtetribuUve nu- 
meral noed. ** Two acre* a wutn were al- 
lotted to the common people^* bina jugdra 
acri plebi diridebantur. All to a matt, 
ad unum omnea. || ** A'* brfore the parti- 
dpial eu6$L is to be translated by the su- 
pine» "to go a hwnting,** vcnatnm ire. 

ABAFT, fi stern, puppis. \\ Toward 
the stern, -papfimyenuB, Pub. in pup- 
pi acd^if 

ABANDON, relinqugre {to leave behind 
in amy way, whether deliberated/ or not^ : 
dan-Unqu^re {to abandon it deliberately, 
and care no more about it) : deaerdre {to 
abandon whe^ one ought not to give tip) : 
dimittire {to give vp what one can not re- 
tain ; a property, on^s freedom, a right, a 
man's acfuaintance) : abjicfire, depondro 
(what one does not find it good or profUa- 
hie to retain ; a plan, intention, opinion, 
friendship, hatred, hope) : desistdre ali- 
qui re or de aliquA re {implies a sudden 
dbOMge of isuention) : omittdre {to give 
up; la a thing go ; a contest, wrath, sor- 
row, fear, a plan, an oj^tortwnity) : desti- 
tn^re {to desert one in need, just «Aen owr 
assistanee is expected). Jn. relinquere et 
deaerere ; deaerere et relinquere ; desti- 
taere et reUnqnere. Pum. afflig^re can- 
soseeptam {eUtandon, and so ruin it) ; 
— ahcajua deponere : a cauaA alicu- 

Jaareoedere. N6<e« one's self np to. 
aieoi rei so dftd^re : stndio aUcujua rei 
•B dMb« or se tradtre. Pua. Tolupta- 
ttns se dedere or se tradcre ; aervlre, aa- 
Irictum ease, deditnm esse. \\Renounct^ 
(Vux) aJkni rei reounciaro. 


ABANDONED, perdltaa,&c. V. Wick- 

ABANDONMENT. ) either by the verbal 

ABANDONING, $ ntbftantives from 
the verbs under Abandon : rrlictio {Ctc), 
derelictio (Cie.), desertio {Liv.) ; dimisaio, 
abjectio, depositio, destitutio {Cie.): or, 
much more commonly, bv their past parti- 
ciples : the abandoning his friends, relicti 
(deserti, destltuti) amid. 

ABASE, II A vm 62« one's self, se de- 
mitt^re, se submittdre; descenddre (all 
three also fg.). Pua. se ad alici^us pedes 
sub-, de-mittere. || Depress', humble, 
minuere ; imminu6re alicujus auctorita- 
tem : elev&re aliquem or alicitjus aucto- 
ritatem. || Abase myself to any thing, pro- 
labi ad aliquid, descondere ad aliqnia, se 
projic6re in aliquid. I| Disgrace one's 
self, minuere suam oignitBtem : se abji- 
c^re. se abjiccre et prostemere. \\ Abase 
one*s eyes, oculos in terram dcmitterc, 
dejicere ; oculos dejiccre ; terram intu6- 
ri, b^ore any body, oculos alicui submitte- 
re ; terram modesto intuerL 

ABASEMENT, lit., demiasio, submisdo. 
Pabtcp. " The abasement of CkUus," im- 
minfita Caii auctoritas, dignitos. 

ABASH, nndorem alicui ii\jic6re. incu- 
t6rc (t)— rubdrera alicui afibrrc ( Tac.\. I 
am ashamed, pudor sufliinditur mihi: at 
any thing, pudore afficior aliqud re. 
II Abashed, pudore aufiusua, Slc Vid. 


ABATE, TBNS., Wlessen, Vn>. || Bate, 
Vid. II ixTB., minQi, se minuSre, and 
minuere {V. Herwg ad Gts.^ B. G., iii., 
12) : ImminQi {to be lessened inwardly) : 
rcmitti : se remittorc, and remlttcre only 
{to leave off; of rain, cold, a fever, Sec.) : 
Levari, sublerarl {to be lightened) : leniri, 
mitieari (to be sofienoi ; mitigated). Phb. 
ira deferrescit : sermo hominum refrigc- 

ABATEMENT, dccessio de summA, or 
decessio only {Cie.) : * remissio. To make 
an abatement, * rcmittere de pretio indi- 
cato. To make an abatement of 10 per 
^ cent., * rcmUsioncm centesimarum de- 
narum fnccre. \\ Lessening. Vid. 

ABBESS, abbatissa (Hieron.) : * anti- 
stita Tirginum sacrarum — Virso maxima 
{the title of the High-prieHess of the Vestal 
Virgins). ^ the abbess is a princess, rcgi- 
na abbatissa {as Mn. 1, regina saccrdos). 

ABBACY, * obb&tis munus {Ms office) : 
* conaesBum abbuti bcneficium {his pre- 
bend or benefice). 

ABBEY, * abbatla. 

ABBOT, abbas {EceL) : arcbimandrlta 
(a president of monks. Sidon.). 

ABBREVIATE, imminudro (a word in 
pronouncing, as audisse for audivisse). 
11 7*0 write compendiously, notare; 
scripture compendio uti; per notas scii- 
bere. Vid. Abbbeviation. Vid. Suobt- 
EN ; Abbidob : Contkact. 

ABBREVIATION ^ writing, Terbo- 
mm n6ta; (scripturfB^ compendium. 
To write wUh abbreviations, notare {op- 
posed to perscriberc). Vid. Suobt-hano. 

ABDICATE, depon#re : an office, mne- 
istratum deponere; magistratu ae abm- 
care (iwry seldom magistratum al>dicare) ; 
magistratu or bonore abire; abscedere 
munere {Lit.^ 9,2f): the dietatorMp, dicta- 
tuF& se abdicaro : a govemvunt, iinpcri- 
um deponere. 

ABDICATION ef m office, abdicatio 


inuneris(e.g., dictatAra); and psHpkrmo- 
tically, with abdicaro se munere. " You 
have driven Lentulus to an abdication qf 
his qffice, " Lentulnm ut ae abdicaret mag- 
istratu coegistis. 

ABED, crcL ; to be still abed, nondom 
aurrexisao; nondum cubttu or e lectftlo 

ABERRATION, \\ departure from 
the right way, dedinatio : from rea- 
son, aapematio rationia. 

ABET, Ijasatst, aliquem JnTareorad* 
juTare {asstst him, in aliqu&re: seldom with 
ir{fin.) : aliquem operA adjurare in aliqud 
re fiiciend A ; alicui operam suam commo- 
dare ad aliquid (to assist him by on£s serv- 
ices). ||£xctte to, See., indtare, excita- 
re| concitare {rouK up, set into action) : in- 
sdgare, stimulare. exstimnlare (prtck or 
S9itr on) : inflammare, incendere, accen- 
derc {injiame): impellero, commovere. 
All aliquem or alicujus animum ad all- 
quid. Vid. Excite. ||JEx Aort, faortari. 
adhortari (aliquem ad aliquid, or with ut). 

ABETTOR, coDcit&tor (belU, seditionis, 
Sec) : impulsor {one who urges to an no- 
tion): auiadjavat 

ABEYANCE, spes succedendL i» 
abeyance {of lands. Sec), vacuus. 

ABHOR, dctcstari aliquid or aliquem: 
abominari aliquem or aliquid {shrink 
from as ill-omened) : aversari aliquem or 
aliquid {turn from with dislike, antipathy. 
See.) : fl^horrere aliquem, aliquid, or ab 
aliquA re (to shudder at): animo eaao 
avereisfiimo ab aliquo. 

ABHORRENCE, aversatto (alictOos 
rei) : dctesUtio (alicujua rei ; GelL, wH 
Cio.): animus aversisaimus ab aliquo. 

ABHORRENT, alienus ab aliquA re 
(foreign to, irreconcilable with) : alicui rei 
cootrarius (opposM/ to^. WTobeutterlw 
inconsistent with, abhorrere ab ali- 
quA re [a personA hominis graviwimi ab- 
horrere, Cie.]. 

ABIDE, iNTB.. Wdwell at, habitare (al- 
iquo loco) ; domicilium or sedem ac dom- 
icilium habere (aliquo loco) : desire or 
de^ro vitam. vivcre loco (to live at). 
With any body, in alicujus domo or apud 
aliquem habitare : apud aliquem w in al- 
icujus domo deversari (for a time, as m 
guest) : cum aliquo habitare (to Uve to- 
gether) : commorari ^to 6« stopping at or 
abiding for a time). ^Remain, manfire, 
permandre. Toabidebyanagreentcnt,Btni' 
re pacto or conventis : by a promise, pro- 
missis stare : by an opinion, in sententiA 
auA manSre, permanAre, perseverare : bf 
any body, alicui non deesse, aliquem non 
deserfire, destitudre, dec \\Last, an. 
dure, perman6re, duraro. 

ABIDE, TBKS., II wait for a man's 
coming, alicujus adventum exspectare or 
prsstolari {but alicujus adventum manu- 
re, Lie, is poetical). ^Bear, endure. 

ABILITY, II power, potentia((i&so{tt<a 
power) : potestas {power derived from Is- 
gal autiwrity) : copia (possibility of do- 
ing any thing with convenience) : iacultaa 
(cavacky ; possibilitn sulfjectively). || Men* 
tal power, ingenium (connate mental 
power, talents, genius) : sollertia (mental 
dexterity^ vractical genius) : docilitaa 
(power qf Uaming, of improving) : ingo- 
nli facultas (talent for a particular pur* 
suit, not talents collectively, which is in* 
genium) : lacultaa with gen. (power to d» 


any tkin^, e. g., to tpeak^ dicendi). / 
do not give him credit /or afri/ify 
to accompUak aometking, aliquem allquid 
efflcere non posse duco (o/lcr Nep., Alcib^ 
7,2). WAhuitie», mental potoerM coir 
ledweljf ; ingenium, facilitates (Cic., de In- 
vtnLy i, 27, extr.) ; animi vis, virtiis, homi- 
nis soUertia. To cultivate one'$ 
ahilitie$^ animum mentexnque excolfi- 
re: to he a perton of eon»iderabl« 
abilities, ingeniosum esse, ingfsmo abua- 
dare. || Riche». Vm. 

ABJECT, abjectus (Jluug away a» 
toorthlesM, hence (1) loortkUss, low, (2) dig- 
piriud); demissus (beaten down; of one 
who ha$ lost his spirit^ ; summissus (sub- 
jected, hence submissive, servile, low-mind- 
ed) ; humilis (low, opposed to alRu) ; illib- 
eralis (unlike a five PtMn ; ungentlemanly, 
sordith. Videndum est ne quid ktunile, 
mmmuMMi, molle, effeminatum, fractum, 
«5;ecttimqae fiu:iamus (Cic., Cat^ 2, 1). Jn. 
contcmtus et abjectos : perculsus ct ab- 
jectas (in despair). Abject poverty, gravis- 
•hna paupertas ; summa egestas ; pauper- 
tas vel potius egestas ac mendicitas (Cic., 
Parody 6, 1, extr.). Abject flattery, sum- 
misMi adulatio (Quint., 11, 1« 30). Vid. 


ABJECTION (o/«»nfl^humfflta« (Urn- 
ness): MbeToiitaa(fedi7tg8unwortkyofa 
fret man) : abjecoo or dcmissio anuni 
\Cic., despondency, despair). 

ABJECTLY, humiliter; imbemKter; 
abjecte ; demisse. Vid. Sfn. in Abject. 

ABJUDICATE, abjudicare alicni all- 
qi^d (to deprive any body qfany thing Ify 
m Judicial sentence). 

ABJURATION, creL with verb or ptep. 
meaning to abjure. His abjuration of kis 
eountrv, cjurata patria. 

ABJURE, abjurare (to deny upon oath 
Aat I owe i() : ejnrare or ej^rare (to re- 
nounce a thing with an oath ; e. g.. patri- 
am, patrem, &c., post-Aug.) : renunciare 
aUcm rei (e. g., public life, publicis nego- 
tiis ; oysters for the rest of my l\fe, ostreis 
In omnem Titani). 

ABLAQUEATION. ablaqueatio (the 
digging about tht roots of a tree). 

ABLATIVE case, Ablativus casus 
(Quint.); Latinos, eextus (^Varro in 
Diom., p. 277, P.). 

ABLE (of persons), insenioeos (fertile 
Of new ideas) : soUers (ekxterons in com- 
hining and working out ideas) : docilis 
(«qK to learn and comprehend) : capas al- 
fcujufl rei (post-Aug.Y To be able, pos- 
■e ; alicnjufl rei laciendaB facultatem ha- 
bere. — He is able to do any thing, nihil non 
efficere potest 

ABLE-BODIED, ralens, validus (strong, 
actively : opposed to imbecillua^ ; firmus 
(Jbrm, immovable ; strong, passively : op- 
posed to imbcdllus, infirm ua) ; robustus 
(compact ; strong, passively : opposed to 
tencr). 3s. firmus et robustus, valeus et 
ftmus ; robustus ct valcns. 

ABLENESa Vid. Abilitt. 

ABLEGATE, legare ; allcgare (dispatch 
om a mission : allquera ad aliqnem or all- 
cui, in Africam : co) : legatum mittcre 
(10 send as an embassador^. {'p^Ablega- 
re and amandare are, to send atpay, on 
some pretext or other, a person whom one 
wishes to get rid of. 

ABLEPSY. Vid. Blindicxss. 

ABLUTION, ablutio (Macrob., Plin,). 
laratio (PL), lotto (Vitr.), lotura (PlinS. 
To perform on^s ablutions, lavari; pcrloi 
(tohatke,wask on^s self in a streass, Cos.) ; 
manus, pedes, ^cc., lavare. 

ABNEGATION, infitiatio (the denial, es- 
pecially of a debt). Abnegation of the 
world, rerum humanarum contemtto et 
d«4picicntia (Cic, Tusc, 1, 40, 95): of 
on^s self, dolorum et laborum contemno 
(ntter disregard of pain and toil) ; animi 
moderatio (complete government of tht 

ABOARD. T\} go aboard, conseendere 
^ asoendcro navem or in navem : inflne 
weather, bonA et certA tempestate con- 

ABODE, domicQhim (abode, as far as 
one is at home there"^ : aedes (as theftred 
spot where one resides) : habitatio (dweU- 
Htg-houss or ehmmber, ms long <u oim ra- 
mestherdni hmet^mUo, lodging). Vid. 


I House 117*1111« of one's residence, 
commoratio ; atatio, maasio (opposed to 
itio, decessio : implying a stay of some 
: length): hnkHs3&o(mtidvell*ttgataplace). 
Abode in the country, rusticaUo. \\Make 
abode. Vid. Abide. 


ABOLISH, tolldre (the proper word: e., 
g.j an ojice, law, magistracy, tax. Sec.) : ab- 
plere (v. hisL quite to rtmove and make in- 
valid laws, customs, religion, wills) : abro- 
gare (to abolish by tke autkority of tke peo- 
ple ; a Utw, decree ; also a magistracy) : 
derogare 1^ or aliquid da lege (of a par- 
tial abolition ; but sometimes with ace for 
abroeare, Ochsn. Cic, Eclog., p. 85) : obro- 
gare^egi (to render it a d&td Utter, wholly 
or in part, hu a subsequent enactment) : sol- 
vere, dissolvere, resolvore (to abolish a 
custom. Sic., also adimere cousuetudinem, 
Toe) : rescindcre (to cancel and make void ; 
e. g., decrees, compacts, wills, &c.) : induce- 
re (to strike out, a resolution, a decree, of 
tke Senate, a contract, locationem) : per- 
vertere (abolisk by violence; laws, Justice, 
Sic.). \\Destroy,de\ArQ (blot out; kence, 
deprive of its existence) : exstinguere (to 
put out, and so cause to cease ; kope, spcm, 
&C.) : toUere (to take away ; destroy, ur- 
bem. legem, &c.) : evertere (to overthrow, 
urbcm, rcmpublicam. rcipublic» funda- 
mentu^ : subvertere (to overtkrow, impc- 
rium, leges, libertatem) : pcrdere (to de- 
stroy completely, fruges, &c.). To utter- 
ly abolisk, Amditus tollere, evertere, 

ABOLITION, snUatio CJudicii, tke re- 
versal of a sentence) : abolitio (nf a tax, 
sentence): dissolutio (e. g., o/falow). \\Ab- 
olition of debts, tabQlffi novio. 

ABOMINABLE, foadus (of any thing 
that excites a loatking and avtrsipn) : 
abominandns, detcstandus, detcstabifls 
(detestable ; of men, avcrsabills, Lr.) : ne- 
fiirius (skamcful ; of men, and tkeir 
tkoughts and actions) : ncfiuidus (of 
shanuful actions): immanis (skocJcing ; 
Ojf actions) : teter (hideous, shocking ; 
then abominable, in character and conduct). 
\\An abominable villain, homo omni parte 
dctcstabilis ; homo impunis ; monstrum 

ABOMINABLY, foede, fcBdissime; ne- 
Carie ; tetcrrlrae. \\ Excessively ; 

f'rossly, Vid. those words. Abomina- 
ly ugly, insi4^is ad defomiitatem. 

ABOMINATE, abhorrdre aliquem or al- 
iquid or aliquA re (to recoil from an object 
witk shuddering) : nbominarl aliquem or 
aliqtiid ^to wish it away, as of evil omen) : 
detestari aliquem or aliquid (to appeal 
to tke gods against a person or tking) : 
avcrsori aliquem or aliquid (to turn away 
from in disgust) : animo eeao avcrsisei- 
mo ab aliquo. 

ABOMINATION, \\ aversion, de- 
testation, averMtio (in silver age, alicu- 
jus rei) : detestatio (in QelL, alicujus rei. 
Un-Cic tfi tkis sense) : animus avcr8is8i- 
mus ob aliquo. \\Abominable action, 
res nefanda or infanda; res atrox or 
nefaria. ABOMiSATioss=^a bom in able 
actions, nefuria, ^ a^f. [{Detesta- 
ble wickedness^ fcnditas, inmianitas. 
^Pollution, contaminatio, polludo 
(botk in Utter writers only) : macula, la- 
bes (Ike stain itself). 

ABORIGINE.":?, AborigTnes. um (mostiy 
tke original inhabitants of a country ; a 
particular oeopU in Italy, the name being ei- 
ther from ab and origo, or ' KSopiytvtii-=de- 
scendants of the Abort, Ombri, or UmbrL 
Qrotefmd). p Autochthfings (AppuL). 
Tke original inkabitanis qf Britain, qui 
initio Britnnniam incoluerunt 

ABORTION, \\ premature bring- 
ing fortk, aboiiJo, abortus. \\Prod- 
uce of such a birth, abortus (Cic). 
7b cause etn abortion, abortum faccrc 
(a^=abortum pati, to bring forth pre- 

ABORTIVE, fihrought forth pre- 
matttrety.abortfvtia. ^UnsuccessfuL 
cassus (empty, hollow ; hence profltless, of 
labors) : Ininis (empty, unsubstantial ; in- 
anea conteutiones) : irrltua (invalidated ; 
as good as uMdone» irritna labor ; incept^ 
vm). Jr. Tamia et inttua ; irrttoa et va- 


nus. To wtake abortive attempts, operam 
perdere, or frustra consumere^ or conta- 
rere ; oleum et operam perdere. 

ABORTIVELY. ^ to no purpose, 
frustra, nequidquam, tncassum. Vid. 

ABOUND, \\kave in great plenty, 
aliquA re abundare (aliquA re redundaro 
is, to have in too great plenty) : euppedi* 
tare aliquA re (to Aatw an adequate supply, 
especially of means for an end. Cic, Cat., 
2, 11, K) : affluere (to abound ; in pleas- 
ures, leisure, genius, Sec., Cic) : circum- 
fluere (copiis, gloriA, CiC^ : scaterc (be- 
longs to poetry and late writers). \\ Be in 
^reat plenty, abundare. superesae (be 
%n abundance) ; suppeditare (to be in si{ffi- 
cierU quantity); circumfluere (aliquem 
circumfluere, Curt.), in. drcumnuere 
atque abundare. 

ABOUT, circum (prqt. and adv. denofss 
(1) motion rouiid a centre : circum axem 
Be convertere . (2) motion JVom one to an- 
other of a number of objects ; e. g., to send 
any body, circum wnicoa, circum insulaa, 
Su:. ] (3) position, entirdu or partly, rouwd 
an inclosed object : capillus circum caput 
rejectus) : drca (prqt. and adv. denote» 
proximity, considered as a point or point» 
in an inclosing Une or space, rather than 
a» an extendai portion of suck Une or 
space. "Circum urbem commorari, est 
in conclusA vicinitate versari; circa nr* 
bem, inproplnquA reglone, baud procuL.** 
Hai^d, Tars., IL. p. 50. Not used by PlauL, 
Ter., Lncr., Sallust, and seldom by Cic). 
\\y early, in approximate statements, fere, 
i'cTtne (two forms of tke sa$ne word : about, 
botk of time and nwatber ; not as a Utose 
statement, but cf a statement believed to be 
as accurate as possible or necessary's : cxr- 
citer, circa, ad (aboiit, of time nnd num- 
ber; drciter as adv. and prep, witk ace 
Cic never uses drca in tkis way, but Liv., 
Curt., Sec, do) : sub (witk ace) : qulntA 
frre horAsin tke course oftkejifik hour. 
Hand: drciter eandcm boram. About 
noon, cirdter or ad meridiem. About the 
fourth part, circiter pars quarta. About 
500 were taken, ad quingcntos capti sunt. 
About Pompet^s days, circa Pompcium 
(Quint.), circa Pompeii «etatera (Plin.). 
^Concerning, circa (witk respect to: 
where earlier writers use in, de, ad, erga, 
Su:., after ne^igens. aaaiduus : circa bo- 
nas artes socordin. Tac To be employed 
about, in aliquA re versari. Later writer», 
circa aliquam rem versari ; In aliquA re 
occupatum esse) : do (ttfUr audire, dl- 
cere, judicnre, scrlbere, &c., leratos de 
aliauA re mlttere) : super (with obL to 
wriu or do any thing, 8U(>er atiquA re, Cic r 
to fresCTif, super aliquA re, (Tic., Afp.). \\To 
go or set about any thing, ng^r^di, 
conari. moliri, Slc Vid. Begin ; Under- 
take. II To take any body about tke waist, 
aliquem medium compfecd. What are 
yon about? quid agist \\To bring 
about, aliquid efficere ; effortum dare or 
reddere. n About, before infln. is to be 
translated by the partie. in dus. 

ABOVE. (A) II rnvp., super (above, op. 

£7sed to sub. subterl ? supra (opposed to 
ftn, above, with impfUd reference to some- 
thing bHow, used of position, not of mo- 
tion). II Of degree, super (fnmosiflsima 
Biiper ceteros copna, Suet. : super omnia, 
Liv. : with numerals, super octlngentoa et 
quadradnta ante annoA, TVic) : supra (8u> 
pramodum; vires humanas ; fidem; and 
wUh numerals, sociorum supra millia vi- 
ginti, Liv.) : ante (ante alias pulchritiidine 
insignia, Liv.) : prwter (nobilitatns pneter 
ceteros) : plus, amplins (before numtraiSf'' 
quam being omitted, but the subst. not be- 
ing plaeed in the abL, (dus duccntos mlli- 
tes deeideravit). E. g., cos super se collo- 
cavlt: domos super sc Ipnos concrema- 
verunt: supra terram est cfBlam. || Out 
of, sese (Deus) extra omnem cnlpam 
poeult Pre. To be above any body, nh- 
pra aUquem ease: superiorem esse aU* 
quo: afiouem inira ae poaitnm habere. 
7b he above any bod^s praise, alicnjna 
laudibus majorem esse. Above a ysar, 
plus annum, or annum et eo diutins (e. g., 
to live witk a person). Above forty year» 
oU^ major qnadraginta annis or annonim ; 
natua eat annoa magia qoadraglnla; aa- 


asm qaadra^Nimiim exrtmtit (« fmr et 
qood ezcumc htlong» to late LsL). T\> 
pat one cA<>V «AtfM •matktr, rem yii an- 
tepooire. To A<nior any bodf above mil 
wttm, aBqnem primo loco habere, ponere ; 
■Mqnem praBCer oeCerot omnM coUre. 
IV kmoe wobodf ahove om4* attfy neminem 
baUre supenorera, priorem. (B) HAdv. 
Sopra (aiUB rapra acripoi). [(From 
mhovt^ de«aper (rulneraro, prote^ere, 
Cm.) : saperne (giadioin aoperoe jngOp 
lo defieere, £««. .- mcecsere, (Ticrt). 

ABOVE-B££NTIOXED, aliqaid nipre 
dietnm eat ; aliqukl «aprm dixi (luK aapnt 
«tietiu or pnedicma). 

ABOVE-WRITTEN, aUqaid aoprv 
acriptum eat ; aliquid aupra acr^Mi (Hoc 
aopra aeriptoa). 

ABOVE, TO BX. RTo &e fretler, pr«B- 
■Care. %To »ta%4 0Utfrom,cxMt»x^(fiX 
aqoi, &«.). y TV te abooe doing an^ 
things non etun eaae ^ aliquid fadat 
You ought to b€ abovt making pleantre 
four ckirfgood, temperaatior eaac debea, 
f ai qui summum bonum in roluptafie 
poaa^. TTU water i*hurdljfabo94 the kiutMj 
aqaa fix genua aupdrat iUo.) Let aU 
he fur oMd ahoot^boetrdt ne qua fraua, 
as qnii dolna adiiibeatnr (Cfc.) ; nihil ait 
aoB apertnm atque aimplez. 

ABREAST, Hto go abreast, parller 
ire (Q. uaa panteraoe cum equidonfl ac- 
enrrere, Hvt^ Beu. Mr., 69): un4 ire 
aquatia frontibua {Riddle: e^fUr Virg.). 
Tme Pkrfgieme were the Jirtt who drove 
two koroee abrtaet, bfgaa prlmas junxit 
Fhrjgum natio (PUu.). Two horses yoked 
shrmst to a eharioL, btj&gea equi (Virg.). 

ABRADE, abr&d6re; deradere (also, 
t» mshs smooth bf cutting awof) : 8ubra> 
dere (19 shm» ogfrom bemeatk) : drcum- 
cadere (to sketee qjfall round), 

ABRASION, drcumraato (paring 
roumd, PU^' 

ABEEirnON, raptuB (Virginia, forcSbU 
•Moetum, Cic.) : ereptio (opposed to em- 

lia Cic)' 

ABRIOGEX contr&hSre (to drmo t»; 
•ratkmem, Oic): in anguatum cdgdre 
(commenUrioi^ Sol.) : Rmputare(<oprviM 
emmf smperJUkies, narratumem) : pr»ci- 
dere (to cut at the end ; to cut short ; a 

, ^Icc) : minufire (to lessen ; e. g^ 

; authority, 

y, eroenses) : unminuere 
U* lessen, amd so wesJ un ^ tibertatem, C£c> : 
deCrabere aliquid de aliquA re ; breve au- 
quid fseert ; ad juatam breritatem rev&- 
care : redigdre (** to reduce :" with ad be- 
fore the she to ioAw4 Me work is reduesd : 
hoace maoe ad aex Ubroa redegit Dioph- 
aoca. Varr.). To show how the labor of 
isaeking awqr be abridged^ brevia docen- 
a moB^rare compendia (Quint.). H To 
abridge a work, in anguatum cogcre; 
ia epiidmen cogere (Aus.). TV alnidge 
a voluminous author, aliquem pef multa 
«ohunina diffuaum epitome drcumaori* 
bere. Vld. LsaaKK. 

ABRIDGMENT, Wqf a book, epitfime: 
iSBunarinm (about Seneca's time, bre- 
Tkrium, Ep., 39. 1) : electa (ssleetions) : 
exeerpta (extracts). To public an lAridg- 
waa M dx wAumt» of the whole ofDiony' 
muds voluminous work, totum Diony- 
linm, per multa diffuaum volimifaia, sex 
tfisnnm dreumaoribere (Cotmn.'y \\4 
lessening, inuninutio (e. g., d ig n itari a, 
(^) : deminotio (a lessening by subtrac- 
tion, efUbortu, taxes, Sic). 

ABROACH. Toast a cook abroad^ do- 
Bom rdinfire (oppoae^ A» oUinere, to fast- 
eM it tm with piteh or resin). 

ABROAD, f^ria (*ut qf a place ; out of 
doors: Son» ecaoare, to dins abroad or 
out) : perigre (iu aitothsr country ; e. g^ 
habitare. to list abroad). To oo abeoad, 
(1) appear in public, in publicum pro- 
d&e or proocdore; (9f) visit foreign 
countries, pcregre profidad. To as 
aaaoAD, (1) to be in a foreign coun- 
try, perog^inari : (2) not to under- 
stand, afiqoid neaeire, ignoraro ; aUcu- 
jaa rd ignirom eaae ; in aUquA re non 
■niltam mtdUgnre (e. g^ in stMues, pie- 
tares) ; in aUoiu re mdem eaae : aliccuQa 
rd mdem ar imperitum, or rudem et im- 
perttom eaae ; in aliquft r« peregrinnm 
•ttpie hospitem eaae. To return from 
atraa rf, partgPB redlre. l|7V/aMM4«»y 


iktmg abroad, aliqukl foraa proferre, in 
apertum proferre, dirul^iare. To bs 
spread ah nad for and wtde, late longe- 

rdiffundL To get abroad, emftntre 
leak out, of secrets). TV be generally 
talked abroad, omnium aermooe oelebra- 
rL Vid. *'OcT abroad," *'CoifX abroad.'* 

ABROGATE, abrogare (to aboUsh by 
the authoritu t^fthe pestle) : derogare legi 
or aliquid de lege (of a partial MoHtion ; 
but soautimes wuh ace far abrogare, Och- 
snea^ : obrogare legi (to rtpeal it wholly 
or in part by a sub^qu s nt enactment). 

ABROGATION, abrogatio (leg». Cic) ; 
derogutio, obrogatia vid. Stn. ia Ab- 


ABRUPT, abruptna (ofwhdt sinhs sud- 
denly and perpendicularbi) : pneruptua 
(abyiptty steep ; but rougk and craggy). 
II Fio., sudden, aubitua ; repentJnua; 
non ante prorlaua. improTiaua, 6lc. Vld. 
SuDDCN. An abrupt style, abruptna aer- 
mo ; abruptum aermonia genua (obscure 
from over^ondseness and want qf connec- 
tion). An abrupt beginning, abruptum 
initium (the vehement, impetuous begin- 
ning of an oration). 

ABRUPTION, abraptio (the breaking 
qf; e. g., corrigis) : avulaio (the tearing 


ABRUPTLY,abrupte;prBmpte. Byh. 
inAmmurr. H^adden^y, aublto: cepen- 
te, deropente, repenHno» nee opinAtt^ Sec 


ABRUPTNEdi). No one word, except 
when celeritaa. Sec, may do. It may gen- 
erally be translated by an adj. or ado. 
The abruptness of his departure, repentina, 
necopinata, dtc, ejna profectio. fflth ab- 
ruptness, abrupte. Sec. 

ABSCE8S, ulcua (general term for a 
suppurating wound): apoetdma,&tia; aba- 
ccaaua (abscess). I have an absieess under 
my tongue, sub lingu4 aliquid abacddit 

AB:^Cl:jSION,desectio; reaecdo (^m- 
er6l terms) : amputatio (pruning). 

ABSCOND, dcliteacere, abditnm latere, 
in occulto ae continfire, abditum et inclu- 
sum in occulto latdre (to Ue kids : se ab- 
dere ; se abdere in occultum (to hide one's 
self) : ae occultare alicui or a conspectn 
ahcujua (to bids from a person) : clam ae 
subducere ; se subtrahere. 

ABSENCE, abaentia. In his absence, 
dum aliquis abest ; aba^ts aHquo, or ab- 
sens (in agreement with the person meant : 
in abisentid or per abacntiam alicujus, 
QarU, Just., should not be imitated). \\Jb- 
sence abroad, peregrinatio. \i Ab- 
sence of mind, *anLmua varietate rc- 
rum diductus ; * animu» nlienis rebus dis- 
tentua (L e., distracted with other thoughu). 
Leave of absbncr. Vid. Fublouoh. 

ABSENT, absena. To be absent, abesae 
loco or ex k>co. To be absent abroad, ^r- 
egrinari tIFio., to be absent, ammo 
exTurrere et vagarL / ««« abseiU when 
I did it, * uUud cpidtRns feci 

ABfcENT ONE'S SELF. \\fFithdraw 
one's self, se amov^re ; a re aliqud re- 
cedcrc, or ae aerocare, se remov6re. TV 
absent on^s self (for a time) from the fo- 
rum, senate-house, foro, seoatu carere. 
j(iVo( to appear, non comparCre; in 
conspcotum non venire : domi or domo 
ae tenere (keep onds self at home). 

ABSOLUTE, II composts, absolntna, 
perfoctua. Jn. abaolutua et pcrfectus; 
pcrfnctua atque abaolutua; expletua et 
perfcctus ; perfectus cumuletusque ; per- 
fectua completusque : perfectUs exple- 
tusque omnibus suia numeria et uartibua. 
^l^Unconditional, aimplex; abaolutua, 
mostly together; aimplex et abaolutua 
(opposed to cum adjunctione ; e. g., neeee- 
sky, neceaaitudo, Cic). To pay absolute 
obedience, alicui aine ulli exoeptione pa- 
r«re. JHUnlimited, infinitna (not term- 
intued) ; sununoa (the highest). Absolute 
power, infinita or aumma poteataa. Ab- 
solute sovereignty, imperhim aummum, 
quum dominatu uniua omnia tenentnr ; 
qunm prindpia arbitrium, or Ubido regia, 
pro legibua eat (v. Just., 1, 1, 3, and 2, 7, 
3): dominatio. Absoluu necessity, sum- 
ma or extrema neceaaitaa. )^Not rela- 
tive, considered in itself, aimpbdter 
etex BUA vi oonaider^Qa (v. Cic^ Inv., % 
Zi, l(Xfy Ths Absolutx, in philosophy. 


id quod aemper eat atmplelc aC uaiaamo- 
di, et tale, quale eat. 

ABSOLUTELY, ||eoNip2et«/y, per 
fecte; abaolQte (without d^el)'. plaae, 
prorsus, omiAio (fa**). Ij^'^^'^**^^ 
tionally, sine adjunctioDe; aine exoep- 
tione (without condition or exee^ition), 
H/a an unlimited aiaaaar, arUtrata 
sno (according to his own Judgment) : 
Ubidine or ex Ubidine (by his own arbitra* 
rv wilt), \li8emarately, per ae ; aimpU- 
citer, et ex ana rL 

ABSOLVE, Ho/ Judges, prow, st im- 
propr. : abaolvere ; from any thing, aU- 
cujua rd (e. g., iqjuriarum, capitis, Slc), 
or, with rrference to any thing, aliquA re, 
de aliqud re (e. g., de regni anspidone ; 
de prsvaricatione) : exaoSVere, fixm any 
thing, aliqud re (e. g., auapidone) : libe- 
rax», from any thing, aliqud re (discharge). 
To be eAeolosd, Uberdtum diaoedere ; fai- 
nocentem or innoxium abaolvi ; ex Judi. 
do emergdre. JHOf priests, *peccato- 
rum veniam et impunitatem promittere 
Dd nomine ; * fatentibua peocata remit- 
tere (Rid.). To absolvs one under CSUtrek 
ogasar as^ * aliquem reaacrare (t Ntp., Al- 

ABSOLUTION. \\ acquittal, abaohi- 
tio, of a person, alieujua ; efa criwte (aU- 
cujua rd) : Ubeinatio (f^rom any thing, al- 
ict^ rd). JHForgtveness of sins, 
poona» merit» remiaaio (Sal) ; v^s» pro- 
nuntiatio, *Tenia peccatorum. TV pro- 
aoanec absolution. Tenia proauntiationem 
facere (1), * peocatomm veniam et impu- 
nitatem promittare Dd nomine. TV ra* 
eeive absolution, * peccatorum veniam iu- 
petrare. TV raedee priestly absolution (of 
a person under Otureh censures), * per sa- 
cerddtem raaacrari (t ooais. Nep., Alcib., 6). 

re aliqud or alicui rd). Vid. CofrraAar. 

ABSORB, abaorbdre (^wallow up any 
thing, whether dry or liquids : exaort>dre 
(to suck up) : devorare (o/ solids) : ex- 
hauriro (to absorb part o^ a larger bodff), 
Fio., to occupy the whole of, abaorbd- 
re (e. g., of a meeeh ; a man's attention). 
To be abtforbea in a business, in negotio 
aUquo veraari ; negotio implicatum eaae. 
TV be absorbed in business, occupatisai- 
mnm ease ; multfa negotida (oceupafioni- 
bus) implicftum esee ; valde negotiosum 
esse ; multis occupationibna distindrL 
The interest absorbs Uu coital, usOne aor- 
tem mergunt Zrta. || T*o appropriate 
to one's self, exMorbire (e.g., the booty, 
pr»dae). ^To absorb a color, colo- 
rem bib«re. imbibdre (to drink it in). 

ABSTAIN, abatindre or ae abatinere (a) 
re : ae contindre a re (Co hold on^s sm 
back from any thing) ^ temperare dbl 
quominuB, See., temperare (sibi) ab aliqod 
ro (restrain one's self: not temperare ali- 
cui roi wAit^ is, to restrain any thing 
within limits. Temperare aliqud re is not 
Lat.,forinIJv.,dO,^xyaisthedat.). To 
abstain from faiod, ae abatindre cibo ; from 
fighting, auperseddre pugnd or proelio ; 
from tears, laorimaa tandre, temperare a 
lacrimiB (Virg.: temperare lacrimaa, to 
moderate them, Liv.)\ from laughter, ri- 
sum tenere or contindre ; froma person's 
society, alicuJua aditum aermteemque 
defugdre; /hna com mi t t ing injury and 
wrong, ab u^jurid atque maleficio tempe- 
rare, or ae proUbdre. Not to be able to «Uh 
stain from, dbi lemperare or ae contindre 
non poaae (foUowea by quin) : a ae impe- 
trare non poaae quin. 

abetemioue man, bomo moderatus, tera- 
perana. An abetemioue Itfe, vita modera- 
ta, modfca, temperata. 

ABSTEMIOUSLY [Snr. in Aanx- 
ifXNCB], moderate, modeate, tempera» 
ter, continenter. TV {toe abstemtou^ 
oontinentem ease in omni victu cultuque. 

ABSTEMIOUSNESS, ?moderatio (tho 

ABSTINENCE, {avoiding vpon 

principle of the too much, as an action) : 
temperantia (general and habitual st^- 
government) : ooadaealia (oppeasd to lm> 
Ido, o o w iaiaw d oear all ssnsual dssire^t 
modeatia (is m h a i ku a t pr^ftrence qf the 
modus or true mean : the last thrss words 
are amalitim) : abatJeenlia (eoumand over 
the desirsfor what is oMCdar'j). Jn. (um- 


penmtia et moderatio ; modendo et 
continentia ; eontinentia et temperantia. 
Cic^ Off^ 3, 96, Am moderatio coatincn- 
tia) et teinperantis. 

ABSTINENT, moder&tus (Mid.), mod- 
leufl : modeatufl : temperana, tempera* 
tUB : coDtinens. Jn. moderatua ac tern* 
perans ; temperatua moderatoaque ; con- 
tiaena ac temperana. Stn. in Ab9ti« 


ABSTINENTLY. Vid. Abstxmiouslt. 
ABSTRACT, «^ H thns., to teparatt 
in tht mind, cogitatione separarc ;■ mente 
et cogitatione distingudre; animo con- 
tompuri aU(^d; arocare ae a corpora, 
et ad rei cogitationem curA omni studio- 
que rapi (all Cic). || To take away 
from, abetrahere, &c Vid. Takk avat. 
D Reduce to an epitome, in angustnm 
or in epit&men cogere. j| intk., to ab- 
atract from; i. e., take no notice of, put 
aside, mittore, omittere, missum facere. 
Abstracting /^wn all tkese, remOtia hia om- 
nibua ; nt naec omnia aileam or fcaccam. 

ABSTRACT, adj., aevocatoa a aenaibua ; 
abductoa a oonanetudine oculorum ; ab 
aapectda JiuUcio remotaa. An abstract 
notion, * notio roi a materii aojunct» et 
aimpUda ; * notio aoIA mente pcrdpienda. 
^Abstruse, abatr&aoa (kard to eomprt- 
kend). In tk$ abstract, cogitationo 
(opposed toTe,intke concrete, C}ic^ Tusc^ 
i, 11« 24). To cultivate kabits of abstract 
tkou^kt, animum or adem mcntia a con- 
eoetadine oculomm aobducere ; mentem 
ab oculia, a aensibna eerocare ; animum 
ad ae ipaum adrocara ; animnm a corpo- 
ra abe&ahere or aecemerc. 

ABSTRACTION, \\tke power of ab- 
straction, animnm a oorpore abatranendi 
Tia (after Cic, Somn. Sap., 9). 

ABSTRACT, || epitome, epitdme, anm- 
mariom: later, breriarinm. ^Extract, 
e. ^., from plants, dilatnm (e. g., abainthii). 
J Sum of many tkin^s, containing^ all tn 
one,^ aumma ; aumma aummamm (Plaut^t 
JLucr., StnX 

ABSTRUSE, abatrOana. obacftma, oc- 
cultua, involutna, occultua et quaai in^o- 
iutua. Profound and abstruse learning, 
liter» non rulgarea, aed quiedam intcri- 
orea et recondit». A somewkat abstruse 
discussion, diapotirtio paulo abatruaior, 
ABSTRUSELY, obscure. 
ABSTRUSENESS. obacuritaa. 
ABSURD, inaulraa (=in-aal8na) : ab- 
anrdua (foolisk, senseless) : ineptus (^in- 
aptua, vitkout tact and propriety) : inflcS- 
tua (apposed to tacetoa^ — All three of men 
and things) : &tuua (weah, foolish, of per- 
sons). In. ineptoa et abeurduA. Some- 
what absurd, auDabanrdoa. Vers absurd, 
perabanrdua. To be absurd, ineptire ; 
nugari, nugaa agere. \\ Contradictory 
to reason, rationi repugnai^i. To be ab- 
surd, rationi repugnare. 

ABSURDITY, inaulaitaa, abaurditaa, &• 
tuitaa. Absurd. \\ An absurd- 
ity, res inaulaa, abenrda, incpta, inficftta: 
iueptisB, nngo»: deliramentnm (a piece 
of mad absurditjh. 

ABSURDLY, kepte, abenrde, inficfite, 
inaulae. || Foolishly, fatue. atuhe, stoK- 
de. It Ckildiskly, pneriliter. Somewkat 
absurdly, aubabaurde. Very absurdly, 

ABUNDANCE, abnndantia, affluentia 
(tke kamng somaekat mure than one uses) : 
ubertaa (a large supply, without reference 
to wkat is required). Abundance cf pro- 
visions, copias (Cos., B. Q., 1, 30.) Abund- 
ance of goods, aoppeditado oonomm. 
Abundance of all tktngs, onminm remm 
abundantia, affluentia; affluentea onmi- 
um rarum oopin. Also, Jn. aaturitaa co- 
piaqne. || To have abundance, Vid. 

ABUNDANT, abnndana, afflflena, copi- 
oana (e. g., patrimonium) : uber (e. g., 
produce, fructua) : opfanua (e. g., harvest, 
meaaia). We have abundant reason to 
eompte^a, juatiaaime or Jure optimo que- 
rimur ; non aine cauaA qnerimur ; juetia- 
aima cint cauaa cur querAmur, or querendL 
ABUNDANTLY, abunde. aatia auper- 

1 Aa in *• the abatract of aU ftnUts," 
Adk., "the abiti«it^rtfeteiruirX%(C 


que (more than enough: denote a qutdi- 
4o* abundantor (in an abundant man- 
ner) : cumul&te (in heaped-up measure) : 
prolixe, etroae (in superabundance). 
Jn. proUxe effbaeque; large effuae^jue. 
AbundanHu furnished with any thing, 
liberaliter mMructua aHquA re. 7b rec^ 
an abundant karvest, large condAre. 

ABUSEI, v., II use improperly, aUquA 
re penrerae uCi or abCka : immddfce, in- 
temperanter, inaolenter, inaolenter et im- 
mooice abQti aliqu& re (to exceed the lim- 
its qf modesty or moderation in using any 
thin^^ e. g., alicujua indulgentiA, patien- 
tiL lYom the context, abuti aliquA re may 
do alone, but its real meaning is only to use 
cmfiously). To abuse to or for any thing, 
ad aliqiud. \\Abuse the person, tJiqn& 
abutL || To ra il at, oonvidum alicui fa- 
cere; aliqucm conviciia conaectari, incea- 
serc ; olicui malcdicero ; aliqnem malo- 
dlctia inaectari ; maledicta in aliqucm di- 
core, confcrre, conjiccro ; probria et mal- 
edictia aliqucm vexare ; maiedictia or pro- 
bria aliquem increpare; maiedictia aU- 
quern figerc ; contumcUosia verbis ali- 
quem pro8oquL To abuse any body 
through tiiick and thin, omnibua maiedic- 
tia aliquem vexare ; omnia maledicta in 
aliquem conferre. To abuse any body in 
his €ibsence, alicui abacnti moledlcere ; 
contumelioae dicere aliquid de aliquo ab* 
aentc; aliquem abaentem dente maledico 

ABUSER s., Jiitke improper use of any 
tking, * usua. or abOaua, perversua (a per- 
verse use) : * uaus, or abuaua, immodea- 
tua, intemperana, insdlena (a use exceed- 
ing the bounds of propriety. From the 
context abuaua alone might do, though it 
means only tke using up of any thing). 
\\Improper custom; moa pravua 
(against correct and establisked custom) : 
quod contra jna fasquo eat (against ku- 
man and divine laws). An abuse prevails, 
percrebreacit moa pravua (Tac, Ann., 15, 
19, init.) ; to remove abuses, * morea pravoa 
or ca qua) contra Jua faaque stmt aboldre. 
||i2a*{tn^ language, malcdictum (any 
injurious word) : convicium (any abusive 
word) : probrum (any attack on anotker's 
konor). To keap abuse on any body, or load 
any body with abuse, omnibus maiedictia 
aliqucm vexare ; onmia maledicta in ali- 
quem conferre. 

ABUSER, II one who uses improp- 
erly, homo perverae (perversely), unmo- 
dice, intempcranter, inaolenter, inaolenter 
et inunodice aliquA re abutens. 

ABUSIVE, contumelioaua (i^jitrious to 
a man's honor): probroaua (tke same; 
but implying a violent outbreak in words) : 
maledicua (using injurious words). An 
abusive word, vox contumdioaa ; verbum 
contumelioaum. An abusive lampoon, 
carmen probroaum. 

ABUSIVELY, contumelioae, turpitcr : 

ABUT ON, finitimnnij viclnum, confl- 
ncm alicui eaae (especially of a notion 
bordering on anther) : adjacere, immi- 
nSre alicui tern» ; tangere, attingero, con- 
tingcro terram (especially of adjoining 
territories; the latter implytng a conse- 
quent friendskip). 

ABUITING ON, finitimna, conffnia 
(having a common boundary) : conjunc- 
tua ahcui loco (locally connected with) : 
continena alicui loco or cum aliquo loco 
(joining it). 

ABYSS, infinita or immenaa altitude : 
vor&go (abyss ; chasm) : gurjrea (wkirl- 
pool) : barathrum (is a poetical expres- 
sion) : proilindum (wkk or without ma- 
ria ; abnes of the sea). || Fio., manifest 
overwhelming danger; vorago; pea- 
tia, pcmicie«> To plunge into an ahy$s 
of danger, ad peatem ante oculoa podtam 
proficiad ; in pneceps ruere. 

ACACIA. AcMiidu» (tke Egyptian Aca- 
cia, Mimosa NHolica, Linn.). 

ACADEMY, II aaaoc tat to» of learn- 
ed men, acad^mla. TV be ckosen mem- 
ber of an acadenty, academi» aodum ad- 
acrlU. JliSckool, achola (as a place where 
instruction is given'in tke setends) : lu- 
dua diacendi or literarniv (o^aoe eshtr^ 
j/oun^ people, are taught to read and writi). 
iCCADEMIC, acadfimicua (properly, re- 


lating to the Academia, and eoiuequeutly 
to tke school of Aristotle). 
ACADEMICUN, * academi» sociua. 
ACCEDE, accedere alicui rei or ad all- 
qxiid Ce. g., to apian ; opposed to abborrd- 
re a re) : aatipulari alicui ; aentire cam ali- 
quo (acaencto): aliquid probare (10 <9>prore 
of) : annuere (absoL or wUh aec ; to nod 
assent). To accede to an opinion, aen- 
tenti» aaaentiri; aententiam acdpere (to 
receive it favorably). To accede to any 
body's opinion, alicujua aententiam aaaen- 
donecomprobare(ai:»pror«o/it); alicujua 
aententiam aequi (to follow it) ; ad ahcu- 
jua aententiam accedere (accede to) ; ire, 
pedibua ire, diacedere, concedere, tranai- 
re in alicujua aententiam (to accede to lut 
opinion ; of a senator passing to the side 
of him whose opinion ke supports ; trana- 
ire implying that a different opinion was 
atj^st entertained). — Not to accede to an 
opinion, aententiam rcpudiare ; abhorrft- 
re a re ; asaenaum cohibere a re ; ae ab 
aaaensu auatin£re ; aaacnaum retin£re. 
To accede to a league, ad aocietatem ac- 
codere or ae apulicare. 

ACC£LER.\T£, accderare aUqnid (to 
endeavor to bring any thing about quick- 
ly) : maturare aliquid, or with inf. (not to 
put off any thing wkich should be done 
now; but admaturare is on/y=(o bring 
any thins to maturity. Cos., B. G., 7, 
54) : repre&acntare aliquid (to execute any 
thing without delay ; even before the time) : 
prwdpitare aliquid (to accelerate it too 
much). To accelerate kis departure or 
journey, maturare or accelerare iter; 
properare proficiaci (to kasten to set out) ; 
matOre proSciaci (to set out in good time). 
To aceekrau ontfs arrical, matAro venire. 
To accelerate on^s ruin, maturare aibi ex- 
itum. To accelerate a man's ruin, pne- 
cipitantem impellore. 

ACCELERATION, accclcratio, matu- 
ratio (both in Auct. ad Herenn.). 

ACCENT, v., II tf» pronunciation, 
ccrtum voda admov^re aonum ; cum 
aono quodam vbcia pronuutiare. || In 
writing, apponere syllabtB n&tam or 
aplcem (the last, if it is long), 

ACCENT, a., jj in pronunciation, 
voda aonua ( Cir. ) : acccntua, tenor 
(Quint.) : tonua (Ntgid. ap. QelL, 13, 2^. 
Acute euxent, aonua vocia acutua. \\ In 
writing, voda nota (Gcll., 13, 6) : apex 
(the mark of a long syllable, but different 
from the circumflex. Spaldi, QutnC, 1, 5, 
23). To place an accenL Vid. Accent, v. 
ACCENTUATE. Vid. Accent, r. 
ACCENTUATION, voculatio (Nigid. 
ap. Oell.) : accentus ((}eU.). 

ACCEPT. (A) PBOPR., \\ to receive 
something offered, aodp6re : money from 
any body, pecuniam ab aliquo (also to al- 
low one^s self to be bribed). II To under- 
take, euadpere ; recipcre (tke former, es- 
pecially ^free-will; tke latter, on beings 
asked. Boik of accepting an office, Ac.) : 
not to accept any tking ; e. g., an office, ae- 
precari mnnuB. (B) impbopr., || approve 
of; am satisfied with; acdpere (ac- 
c«pt it) : probiure (approve of it) : admit- 
tcre (permit, approve) : agnoecere (ac- 
knowledge ; e. g., praise, honor). Accept an 
invitation, * promittere ae venturum eaae ; 
an invitation to dine with any body, pro- 
mittere ad coannm, or promittere ad ali- 
?iucm (not condicere alicui, which is, to 
nvite myself to dine with any body). Not 
to accept an offered konor, obl&tum hono- 
rem respuere ; an offer ojf battle, pugnam 
detrectare. To accept any body as bail, al- 
iquem vadem acdpen. To accept a pro- 
posal or terms, conditionem acdpere ; ad 
conditionem accedere or (pfter long con» 
sideration) deaccndcrc (opposed to conditi- 
onem rca^uerc, repudiare, or aepernari). 
To accept u very gladly, * conditionem cu- 
pidiaaime acdpere ; witkout hesitation, 
*non dubito accipcreauoddefertur; not 
to accept tkepropolsals of peace, pads coadi- 
tionea dimittere. Tke conditions ofpeetee 
are accepted, pada conditionea conrgni- 
unt; 10 accept an excuse, cxcuaationem, or 
oauaam, or aatiafactionem (ajustiRcation) 
.ftCdpere... / acceptjfouT explanation or ex- 
'euse, valet apud me excuaatio tua. \\ Ap- 
prove and follow: to accept advire, 
cooailium accipere ; to aeapt consolation, 


H To met to- 
ward a perton with partial regard^ 
afic^lot ratkmem habere. Not to accept 
the paroons of wutt, nuUiua ratiooem mi- 
bAre ; ddectam omnem efc diMrimen 
omittene ; auctoritates omittere. 

ACCEPTABLE, acceptua. (^ladtM re- 
etiped^ welcome) : grotus (eauoHtg im iw 
a femmg of obUgatitm firom U» value to 
M) : jacimdua {eamtimg in uetke feeling 
ofdeUgkt) : «uaria, dolcis, moUia (suavu, 
mki»y eweet, moUia, eoft ; agreteably affect- 
<af the mimd, AU tkeee efpenona and 
ttungs): cania (dear): diloctus (valued^ 
behted^j xratioaiia alictd or apud aliqucm 
(ftigk in. Ais fa/eor). An. acceptable timty 
eommddum tempos ; opportOnum or ido- 
aeum tempoa. F«r|p acoepeafr2<, pergratua, 
perjnenndua. TobeaeccptiMe,svLCWid\xm 
eme, plaoere (hoik ofperoona and thinge). 

ACCEPTABLENfiSd, jocunditaa, gra- 
Ik, dakddo, auaritaa. Vid. Stk. in Ac- 


ACCEPTABLY, jocnnde, suariier. 
fAt the right time^ opportOne, per- 

ACCEPTANCE, acceptio : comproba- 
tio (impropr. approval). Aceepianee of 
hail or eecHrit^t «atiaaccepdo (Pompon.^ 
Dig., 45, 1, 5). 

ACCEPTATION. Vid. Meanino. 

ACCESS, )\approaeht ae place, ad- 
ftu. 7\> eloae every aeeeee, omnea aditua 
daodere, interdudere, pnecludere ; om- 
net adltoa obatroere (to blodt up). 
fMean» or liberty of approaching, 
aditaa. To have accees to any thing, ha- 
bere aditom ad aliquid; aditos alicoi ad ali- 
qaid patet TO debar any body from ae- 
oflM, adita aliqwan profaib^re ; aoitam al- 
icoi interclodere. Eeiey of acceee, ad ali- 
qofcin fiacilcs aont aditua. He ie eaey of 
aoeete, aditoa ad eom est fiMdlis ; eom ad- 
ire poesont omoea. He i$ eaey of aeeeee 
teprivau individu a h, feciles aditua (sont) 
ad eom privatorom. He ie di£euU of ae- 
ecn, aditua ad eom aunt diffidfiorea ; con- 
Tenientibaa est difficilia ; rari eat aditAi. 
To give aeeeee to, pate&oere alicoi aditom 
adanquid. 7^ obtain aeeeee to any thing, 
aditns sibi comparare ad aliquid. || Jn- 
creaee, addition. Vid. Acccssion. 
I Return or fit of a dietemper, acccMsio 
(febxia, SceJ): nov» tentatioDes (mortyi, 
kc, relapeee, oppoeed to retoa morboa, 
Oic^ JIL. IQ, 17, 2). 

ACCESSIBLE, patena, ftdlU aoceaao 
(a/ plaeee) : ad aliqoem taciles sont adi- 
tos (of pereone). To be acceeeible, pat^re 
(ofpiacee : for pereone, vid. ** eaev of ae- 
eeee," umdar Access). To render any 
thing oeeeeeAle to any body, aditum ali- 
ad dare ad aliquid ; pate£acere alicoi ad- 
itom or Tiam ad aliquid. He ie aceeeeible 
tofimurere, aliqoem or fadlem aditum ad 
anrea alicojus adulatores babent 

ACCESSION, acccssio (both acceeeion 
in the abetract ; and the added portion, or 
aeeeeeion in the coi%erete'i : incrementum 
(inertae^. Aceeeeione o/ fortune and dig- 
Mf, acceaaionea et fortunas et di^rnitatia, 
Cie. To receive aeceeeions, crescere, ac- 
erescere, «ugeri ; incremendsaugesoere; 
camAlos acc6dit alicoi reL To receive 
Urge aceeeeione, OMgnos coraolos acce- 
dit aUcoi reL TVgr vere oonetanthi receiv- 
ing freek acc^eione, aogebatur iUis co- 
pia. ^Act of joining a party, &c. 
CacL. with verb. Your aeeeeeion to our 
party, qood to in partea nostras transiiati. 
or te Dobia adjnnzisd, &c. |i Time of 
arriving at; e. g., aeeeeeion to the 
throne, adtlom regni (beginning of 
reign) ; or by ereL with regnare ccBpisae, 
^kc The day of He aeeeeeion, dies qoo 
regnare primum coepit, 

ACCESSORY, 04/. Vid. Addittonal. 

ACCESSORY, e., aUcojos rei or alicoi 
rd «ffbiia (e. g., fiicinDri, noxse, &c.) : 
eonados : corrdoa (a legal term for one 
put on hie trial at the eame time on the 
eame charge, Vtpi4Ui) : partlcepa alicqjus 
rd (e. g., conjurationis) : aodoa (e. g., see* 
y^"^)' %3^Theoe worde do not expreee 
an acoeasonr ae oppoeed to a prrndpu. 

ACCIDENCE, gramraatlcea elementa 
ii^nt.). He ie learning hie aeddenee, 
prinia gtonentJa or Uteris imbottor. 

ACCIDENT, H aeeidental oceur^ 


renee, easos, rea (brtotta. Generaihf to 
be tranelated by v.: it woe an accident, 
c«su factum eat By accident, forto (6y 
chance; without partteuiar etreee on the 
chance) : casu (6y chance : oppoeed to con- 
aolto) : fortoito, fortuito (by mere chance : 
oppoeed to caosA). Jir. caso et fortuitu 
or fortoito; temere (without prariou» re- 
fLtetion ; implying that it would not have 
been done wUh u) : forte fortunA (by a 
lucky chemce). To truet to the chi^Her of 
aecwente, rem in casum nndpitls eventos 
conunittere (to truet any thing to chance^ : 
casum podus quam cousiliom seaoi (to 
truet to chance rather than conned). It 
happened bu accident, Ac, forte cvenit ot ; 
casu acddit ut; forte ita inddit ut To 
mention any thing by accident, in menti- 
onem alicujus rd mcidere. \\Accidente 
=.non-eeeential propertiee, accidentia, pL 
(rerum, Sec., QuinL rd avfiS^tjK&ra)- 

ACCIDENTAL, fortultua : forte oblA- 
tos (accidentally offered, ae an opportu- 
nity) : in caso posftos (depending on 
ehdnoe) : non necessarios (not neceeeary). 
adrendtins (not cuetomarUy added to it). 
7%« aecidetual concouree of atome, for- 
toltus concorsos atomorum. 

ACCIDENTALLY. Vid. 2?y accident, 
under Ac<irDBi<rr. 

ACCLAIM, e. Vid. Acclamatioiv. 

ACCLAMATION, acclamado, clamo- 
rea (acclamado eepeciaUy of the people 
ehouting out in honor of a popular pereon, 
in the hietoriane ; for in Cie. it meane a 
ehout of dieapprobation). Jn. plaosns 
damoresque. 7b receice any thing with 
aeclamatione, plausu et clamore proseqtd 
aliquid; with loud aeclamatione, magno 
clamore approbare aMquid. To receive 
any body wuh aeclamatione, acclamare al- 
icui (in Cie^ to cr^ out againet\ To re- 
ceive any body wuh loud aeaamatione, 
clamore et vodbiis aUcui astrep^re. 
fVith loud aceiaauuione, cum plausiboa 

ACCLIVHT, acclivitaa (collis, Oee.). 

ACCLIVOUS, accUvua or accllvis (op- 
poeed to declivis). 

ACCOMMODABLE, orcL with accom- 
modari posse ad aliqoid. 

ACCOMMODATE, TtLSB., accommfidi- 
re aliqoid alicoi or ad rem ; fiicere or ef- 
flcere ot aliqoid congroat or conTcniat 
com re (to make any thing agree with 
another^. To accommodate the expreeeion 
to the thoughte, Terba ad sensus accom- 
modare; sentendaa accommodare vod- 
boa. 7^« thoughte are accommodated to 
the opinione and habite of men, sentcntiiB 
aptSB sunt opinionibos bominum et mori- 
bos ; to accommodate a epeeeh to the place, 
the eir eu m et a n cee, and pereone, oradonem 
accommodare locis, temporibos et perso- 
nis. II To be conformable to. Vid. 
Surr. II Oblige any body in any thing, 
accommodare alicoi de ahqoA re (Cie). 

ACCOMMODATE, adj. Vid, Suita- 
BZ.B, Frr. 

ACCOMMODATING, obsgquens (ready 
to comply with the wiekee of another) : fn- 
dlis (oppoeed to difficilis, complaisant ; 
eaeily brought to meet the wiehee ofotkere) : 
offidosoB (readu to perform eerviceg). To 
be accommodating toward any body, alico- 
jus Toluntad morem gerere. obs^qoL 
Know that you are a great deal too accom- 
modating, te esse aoricold inflm& molli- 
orcm sclto (Cic^. The liberality and ac- 
commodating eptrit of the magietrate», lib- 
eralitas atqoe accommodado magistrato- 
om (Cie). 

ACCOMMODATION, || adaptation, 
accommodado ad nUquid. || Conven- 
ience, crcL; e.%.,tobeanaceommodeaion, 
udle esse, usui ease, ex usu esse, otilita- 
tem afterre, &c. 

ACCOMPANY, (k) PBOPa.. comltari 
aliqoem or aliquid; comitem allcojoa 
esse; comitem sc alicoi dare, prsabere, 
adjtingere (to accompany ae a compan- 
ion) : nrosdqoi aliqoem or aliqoid (to at- 
tend, for the purpoee ofteetifying reepecC) : 
deducere (to attend, ae a mark ofreepect} 
e. g., a Roman eenatorjrom hie houee to 
the forum, or from the Jorum to hie houee ; 
aieo, a bride to her new home) : sectari, as- 
aectari (to attach ontfe eeif to a euperior, 
ae one of hie foUowtrt; e. g., ofeehoUm 


and dependent») : inter eomitea alici^at 
aspid (to be one of hie companione). Tb 
accompany any body to hie reeidenee, pro- 
s6qoi, dedocere aliqoem domom ; to be 
aeeoenpanied by a crowd, adjMri (e. g., noa 
ositatd ftvqoentiA). (B) impbopr. || To 
do or teetify any thing to a depart- 
ing friend, prosequi aliqnem (e. fu with 
teare and good wiehee, li*nr<fn<a voosque). 
To accompany on/ie gift with obliging 
worde, munua suum omare rerbls; a 
eong with mueic, or mueic with the voiee^ 
Yocem lidibus jungero; ad chordanua. 
sonum cantare ; a eong with the lute, car- 
men formare dth&rA (v. Qierig, Plin^ 
Ep., 4, 19, 1). To aeeompony a einger 
wuh the flvxt, concinere aiicui pronund- 
and : tkt horne which accompany the lyre, 
comoa ea qoa ad nerros readnant in 

ACCOliPLICE, crimlni afflnis: con- 
ados (poeeeeting a guilty knowledge) : 
eorr^os (a legal term, V^nan in Pan- 
decL). To declare kie aoeompHeee, con- 
ados 6dere ; to conceal (Asm, consdos co- 

ACCOMPLISH, confloere (the proper 
word ; e. g., ite yearly eouree, corsos an- 
nuos ; a taek, negodum) : efficere, ad ef- 
foctum perducere (e. g., alicujus manda- 
ta) : exsdqui, pers^iil (to follow t^ to the 
end } e. g., negoda, alicujus mandata, im- 
periom) : peragere (10 go througk witk, 
to employ one^e eelf about it from begin- 
ning to end ; e. g., coosolatom^ : ad exi- 
tura adducere, ad finem perducere (to 
bring any tking to ite end): absolvoro 
(^tofmiek any thing, and kave done with 
K): perflcere. j^To fulfill, ntnm eeee 
jubdro. II 7*0 be aceomplieked; of 
vropheeiee, Ac, erenire, eradere, exitum 
habere. Our dreame are aceomplieked^ 
aomnia, or quas soraniavimus, er&dunt 

ACCOMPLISHED (ae panic, r. Ao- 
00XPLI8H), npoeeeeein^ eome ele- 
gant /earning, ductus uteris; elegnn- 
tiorum literanim studiosus or amans : el- 
egandorum litcrarom Intelligens. || It i» 
aceomplieked, actum est 

ACCOMPLLSHER, confieclor, exsecu- 
tor, effector. Vid. verbe under Accom- 

ACCOMPLISHMENT. || completion, 
oonfecdo, cxsecotio. enectio. (Vid. tiks 
verbe under AccoifPLiSH.) 11 ^<a« of 
perfection, abaolodo, ^erfecdo. Jw. 
absoludo perfecdoqoe. n Aceomplieh- 
mente, degandorcs liter»; ingenom et 
homanjB artcs (but tkeee pkraeee kave a 
more ezteneive meaning tkan accom- 
pliekmentg) : bam&nltas (wken spoken 
of coUeetiveiy, ae forming a ckaracter ; 
e. g., / value kim on account cfkie accotn- 

ACCORD, ▼. nmu. condnere (fo be in 
tune witk ; to harmonne) : concordare (to 
kave tke eeune mind, but mau be ueed of 
thinge): consendre (to thtnk the eame 
thinf, but may be ueed of thinge) : con- 
vemrc, congroere (come together ; kenee, 
agree, euit, fit). To accord uitk any body 
or any tking, cum aUquo or aliquA re con- 
dnere, consendre, coDffruere. To accord 
togetker, inter se condnere, concordare, 
&c TBN8., II to accord (=grant) a re- 
oxest, preceM alicujus audlre, precibus al- 
icujus cedero. \^d. Obant. 

ACCORD, «., II agreement, consen- 
sus, conscnsio, concentos, convenientia^ 
Syn. ttncier Accord, v. With one accord, 
ono ore (of exclamatione, iic.) omniont 
or commoni consenso. Of onife own ac* 
cord, sponte (oppoeed to caso or necessi- 
tate ; voluntetrtly) : sponte soA (oppoeed 
to rogatus, prorocatos, invitatus: quite 
of one's own accord) : ultro (in an over- 
ready, unueual, or unaccountable man- 
ner) : Toluntate (oppoeed to metu, invi- 
tus, coactus, wiUingly). 

ACCORDANCE. Vid. Accomo. 

ACCORDING AS, pro eo ut, generally 
prottt (but not proliti, nor, in thie mean- 
ing, pro eo ac or pro eo quod). Accord- 
ing ae the occasion requiree, proot rot 
posttdftt Aleo by pkraeee with pro, ex, ez 
according ae eachman^e dreumetaneee per- 
mitted, pro cojosqoe fikcoltadbos ; accord- 
ing ae dr eu meta n eee require; aeeording 
ae occasion maiy ariee, pro re \ proronat^ 



pro tempore; e re; ex tempore; ex re 
et ex tempore. 

ACCORDING TO, ad or secundom 
(wUk aec.i in a^retment mth): ez (i» 
contequenee of; of an action arising 
from, or out of, tometlUng): do (pro- 
ceedin^from) : pro (<» proportion to ; 
for). To tpeak according to trwtk, ad 
ventatem loqoi : according to nature, ae* 
cnndum naturam : aeeordtng to tJU latn, 
•ecundam leges {pppotd to contra le- 
sea) : according to your opinion, ex aen- 
tontiA tuA, or de aeoteotii tat ; impera- 
tores de omnium populorum aententii 
delecti : according to late, ex lege (a$ a 
conteqiunce of, and in conformity with, a 
particular enactment) : according to cir- 
cumstances, pro tempore et pro re; ex 
re et ex tempore : according to my con- 
eular authority, pro auctoritate conaaU- 
ri : according to my regard for you, pro 
eo, quanti te bcxo: according to tieir 
$everal weight», pro eo quantum in quo- 
que sit ponderis. Often oy the abL aione : 
according to his custom, instituto suo:. 
according to the custom of the Romans, 
consuetudine Bomanorum. JUSuita- 
bly f in agreement with: convcnien- 
ter or congruenter alicui rei; apte ad 

ACCORDINGLY, \\in conformity 
with something bffore mentioned i tA, 
secundum, conTenienter, Sec, governing 
the thing memu, which is gentraUy omU- 
Ud in English, or 6y nt, uti {as) with a 
verb.^ WConsequentty, Itaque (and so 
of a consequence naturaUy following what 
has been stated) : igitnr and ergo Xoonse- 
quenily, therefore ; the latter duming more 
emphatically on the necessity of Ike conse- 
quence : quia quum ita aint; res quum 
Ua se hab^ (fhis being the casil). 

ACCOST, aUdoui fdiquem (the ueual 
expression for addre^htg a person ; e. g., 
to salute, wam^ comfort, Sec) : afiilrl ^* 
quem (to accost in a feeling or solemn 
manner ; a more select expression than al- 
loqui, and therrfore less oommon in prose. 
Used in thspres. indie except the lat pers. ; 
in partic uuin. and fid vers. in^teroL) : 
I4>pellare aliquem (to address him for the 
purpose of drawing him iTito conversation, 
and eetying to him something of import- 
ance i or of preferring a request) : com- 
pollare (in prose, is to address in a harsh, 
r^roachful manner). To accost any body 
by name, nomin&tim or nominans aUquem 
appellare (nominatim aUqnem compello, 
follies a personal attack). Toaecostina 
friendly, intimats manner, blande, famili< 
ariter alloqni aUquem; courteously, po- 
liuly, Uberaliter wpellare aliquem. 

ACCOUCHEMENT, partus, Uss fre- 
quently puerperiam. To be near her ac- 
couchement, yidnam ease ad pariendum. 
Al her first accoudtement, primo partu. 

ACCOUNT, ratio (account, generally ; 
andalso=.recJtoning: often nuonm when 
the account is a com^^ex one) : nomen (the 
account of an individual who is in a man^s 
boohs). A little account, ratiuncQla. An 
account of receipts and expenditure, ratio 
IKscepti et exp^isL TV> have a settlement 
of accounts with any body, putare ratio» 
nem cum aliquo ; cidculum ponere cum 
idiquo ; alicui rationem redaore (of the 
debtor) ; aliquem Tocare ad calculoa (of 
the creditor). To examine an account, 
rationem cognoscere ; rationes inspiccre. 
To go through m man's account, ratuwea 
alicigus excutere, dispungere. To state 
and balance an account, rationes confi- 
cere et coneolidare. To cast up an ac- 
count, rationes or calculoa subducere; 
rationem inire et subducere. T^e ac- 
count agreee, or is right, ratio constat, 
conrenit, aimaret His account of re- 
ceipts and disb u rsements comes right, ra- 
tio accept! et expensl par est The ac- 
count comes right to a farthing, ratio ad 
nununum convenit To have an account 
with any body (e. g.^ as a partner, credit- 
or, &c}, ratione cum aUqno oonjunctum 

1 llius a sentence like, *'to bdieve 

HghUy and to live accordinglu," must be 

turned into, "to believe ngbtly and to 

^ live according to his belirf," m^'ashebe- 




ease. He has a heavy account against 
me, grandem peouniam alicui debeo. / 
hai>e a heavy account against him, magna 
ratio mihi cum eo contraota est To set- 
tle an account, rationem expedire, aol- 
vere, exsolvere. To dewuuia the settle- 
ment of an account, nomen exigere. To 
draw up or make out an account, ratio- 
nem conficcre. To bring to account, 
imputare (dot. of -person againet whom) ; 
alicui expensum forre (fo seta sum down 
in on^s accounts as paid to swy body) ; 
rationibus inferre; m rationem indu- 
cere ; or inferre, inducere only ; in codi- 
cem acoepti et exp^isi referre ; to set it 
down in ontfs accounts as given to any 
body, in rationibus alicui datum inducere 
aUquid. Set it down to nty account f i. e,, 
against me, mihi expensum feras. To 
adjust or settle owf§ family accounts, ra- 
tiones familiares componere. To return 
or give in on^s accounts, rationes referre 
or ad lerarium referre (of a magistrate 
who has received public moneif). On my 
own eucouiu, meo nomine (propr. ; then 
Unpr. at my own risk). ^j^Reckoning, 
explanation : to call a man to account, 
rationem ab aliquo repoecere. To give 
an account, rationem r^dere. T%« d^ of 
account, * dies rationis reddendte. \\ Ad- 
vantage, qusBStus, lucrum: to find his 
account in any thiyig, qujBBStum ucere in 
aliquA re ; aaos lueii facere ex aliquA re. 
II Regard, respect to, ratio : to take ac- 
count of; L e., coneider, regard, aKcuJus 
rei rationem ducere or habere. Tb take 
no account of, negUgere aliouem or aH- 
quid, nihil curare afiquid. To make no 
account but that, non or nihil dub&tare 
quin, &c || i\rarra(ton, narraiio; re- 
latio (e. g., in chronicles, dec., post-A%g.), 
rei gestaa expoaitlo. To give an account, 
narrare alicui aliquid or de aliquA re : ex- 
ponere, explicare (to give afuU aceounC) : 
enarrare (to give a full and orderly ao- 
count). Also pluribus yerbis exponere ; 
rem ordine enarrare; cnncta, ut sunt 
acta, exponere ; enarrare alicui rem, quo 
pacto se habeat There are two accounts 
of that, de aliquA re duplex memoria est, 
or (for reports of recent events) duplex 
fama est 7%«re are different accounts 
(in books, &Ai.), rariatur memoria act» 
reL \\ Estimation, value: to be of 
small or qf no account, nullius pondcns 
esse ; ponderis nihil habere (of things) : 
tenui or nuHA auctoritate esse ; in nullo 
esse numero (of persons). To be of ac- 
count, aliquo loco et numero ease apud 
aliquem; multum auctoritate raldre or 
posse apud aliquem. || On account, in 
antecessum (L c., in adivance, with dare, 
solvere, accipere. Sen,, post-Aug). On 
ACCOUNT OF, ob (for;for the sake oft 
r^erring to an object to be attained or 
benefited t e. g., to '< an advantage to be 
attained,'* **the commonwealth to be bene- 
fited,*' merit to be rewarded, &c.) : prop- 
ter (denotes a proximate cause or motive : 
it properly denotes vicinity) : per (denotes 
dependence on something): ae (with re- 
spect to) : causA (from Oie cause ,- for the 
sake of: denotes a thing or person viewed 
as the cause of an action) : gratiA (with 
gen. out of favor ; for the sake of) : ergo 
(with gen. in consideration of a fact stat- 
ed) : pro (for; in proportion to, or agree- 
ment with i in return for) : pr» (denotes 
the preventive cause : hence only in nega- 
tive sentences)*, for some advantage, ob 
aliquid emolumcntum : to take money for 
judging a cause, ob rem judicandam: 
she could not do U on account of her age, 
per ffitatem : on account of the season of 
the year, propter anni tempus; propter 
hanc causam, quod; ob eam cauaam, 
quia ; certis de causls ; omnium salutis 
eausA; etatis atoue honoris gratiA. To 
be heard with difficulty on account of (= 
fbr) the noise, preB Etrefdtu vix audlrL 
To be praised on aceowit qf something, 
alicujus rei nomine laudari ; ab aUquA re 
laudari, commendan. To march negli- 
gently on account of (s=in consequence 
of) his success, negngentius ab re bene 
geatA ire (Liv.). 

ACCOUNT, v., ^esteem, ponere with 
in and the abl.: to account any thing a 
vice, ponere aUqoid in rltiis : duoero (with 


dtft of what one esteem» it ; dooere sGU 
aliquid laudl): mmierare sliquid in ali- 
cvjus rei loco (e. s^ to account a thing a 
kindness, in benebcii loco). To aoeoant 
any thing a gain, deputare aliquid eaao 
in lucro (TV., Phorm., 2, 1, 16). 

Account yob, rationem, causam «flfer* 
re, or afferre only, followed by cur : cur 
credam. afferre possum : to account for 
this, rationes cur hoc ita sit afierre : to 
occoimc satisfactorily for, justas causaa 
afferre alicujus rei, or cur with -subj. : il- 
lustrare aliquid ; lucem or lumen alicui 
rei afferre (not afiimdere), dare lumen 
alicui rei (to throw light icpon) : explanare 
aliquid (to make any thtng plain) : ape- 
rire (to uncover, unveil : aUtheseareMd 
of what was before dark or confused). To 
account for a mistake, errorem i^eriro 
(to show iu nature, and how it arose). To 
account for one thing from another, cau- 
sam alicigus rei rcpetere ex re. TV> 6« 
difficult to account far, diffidles habere 
explic&tns (of what it is difficult to make 
intelligible). || To have to render an 
account of, rationem reddere aUcujua 
rei or de aUquA re. 

ACCOUNT-BOOK, rationes (properly, 
accounts) : codex accepti et expensi : 
from ths context, codex or tabule alone 
may do: adversaria, orum (a daybook, 
from which items were tranefirred to the 
ledger, codex or tabul») : to keep an ac» 
count, rationes, codicem instituere ; tabu- 
las conficere. T*o set down in an account' 
book, in rationes, in codicem, in tabnlaa^ 
in adversaria referre. 

ACCOUNTABLE, alicui ratio redden, 
da eat \\One who makts himself 
answerable j to be accountable, prae- 
stare aUquid. / am accountable for that, 
mihi res prsBStanda est To make on^s 
self accountable, aUquid in ae recipcre (to 
take it on on^s eelf). 

ACCOUNTANT, tabuUrius, calculator, 
rationarius (all terms of the Roman em» 
pire) : actor summarmn (cashier, stem- 
ard, book-keeper t who had to collect hie 
master's rents. Sec, time ofen^pirc). 

ACCOUTRE, armare (to provnie with 
arms or other implements) : instmere (to 
famish with): omare, adomare, exor> 
nare (to fit out or equip with what is oma- 
mental or necessary). Jn. omare (exor- 
nare) atque instmere. 

ACCOUTREMENT, armAtus (the ac- 
tion of equipping ; not instructio) : anna 
(n. ju.), armatara (ths thing with which 
one is accoutred) : omAtus, omamenta, n. 
pL (hondsoms equipment). \\Qarments, 
vestis, vestimenta, n. pi. 

ACCREDIT, continnare; alicui rei 
fidem addere or facere. An accredited 
ambassador, legatus cum publicA aucto- 
ritate et testimonio missus (v. Cic., 1 
Fierr., 3, 7) ; le^mtus cum publico testi- 
monio missus (Cic., Arch, 4, 8) ; legatus 
publice missus (Cic, 3 f^err., 5, 13). 

ACCRETION, AccT^o (opposed to dim- 
inutio: used by Cic. of the moon's light). 

ACCRUE, provcnire (spring up, grow, 
as crops, &.c.) : aocedere (to be aadtd to) : 
ex ahquA re nasci, oriri (to be bom, to 

ACCUBATION, accubitio (accubatio, 
false reading) ; aecubitus. As. 

ACCUMULATE, cumnlare, accumu- 
lare (the former to heap up to the full meas- 
ure : the latter to heap up mors and more) : 
accrvare, coacervare (to mahe a heap of 
any thing ; to heap together) : a^erare^ 
exaggerare (to Aa^) up high : post-Aug, 
in prose) : augSre (to increase) : addere bI- 
iquid alicui rei. TV> accumulate wealth, pe- 
cunias coacervare ; acervos nummurum 
construdrc (opes exa^erare, Phadr ). 

ACCUMULATION, acervatio (Plin.), 
coacervatio (Oaf. Dig., 2, 1. 11 : ^ Cic. 
as a Jig. ofrhuoric: accumulatio is only 
used in ths sense of heaping up earth about 
the roots of tree^ 

ACCUMULATOR, aceomulator (opnm 
accumulator, Tac). 

ACCURACY, cura, aocuratio (the lat- 
ter Cic, Brut,, 67, mira accuratio in com- 
ponendis rebus). Jk. cura et dUigentia : 
subtHitas (acuteness, subtOty ; e. g^ wkh 
mathematical accuracy, geometricA SQb« 
tiUtate dooAre aUqnid) : sometime» diU- 


Wkk tke j nwMtc meairaejft «ceiiratiBtime, 
ezyctiaeaiiiei or «wnftwf> dOigentiaaime. 

ACCURATE, diUgens <on« «to pay« 
«loae fltttfitlstm C0 iki* taorAc, that Ae moffail 
is «0 m^pecp : aoear&tna («lacfe «icA a- 
aetifdif : onfy of tkmM*) ' exactus (per- 
ftdbf what U omikt to be ; of thing» only : 
9f panona, it it oniy found in the SUoer 
Agt: ptrfeet): eAjuisitna (Jar tonght: 
kenc* of txtraordinary eteeiunaf) : aubtl- 
Us (acaoe, ttpedalty of «n orator who, with 
ma mnd mctitmro», akoote§ the beat esxjfrea- 
aiamMf iUitalrationa^ &c. : then of thing a 
«fcidb gioa frooft^awh •cuunxaa ; e. g., 
afnapeoek)'. liiuam8,politua(o/are/ffiM, 
p ^i a ked orator amd atjfU). Jn. limatua 
at politiia ; accaratna et poUtua. An ac- 
emrau atfle^ lixaatiiia dicendi genus ; oni- 
tio aocorata et poUta, limAta et polUta; 
oratio aubtOia. jin accurate knowledge 
tfanf tkingy aiknju» rei interior acienda. 
An aeatrate judgment^ judicium anbtlle, 
«r Hmahifn et po&tnm. To auh^ect any 
Aing <o an aeenrata inveatigatton^ dill- 
gento* exquirere, aubtiliter quierere ali- 
quid. To gioe am aceitrata deaeription of 
«ay things accurate or diHgenter descri- 
bere aliquid. To give (■=zwrue) any body 
an aeatrate account of any tkhig, dUiseu- 
fier aeribere de re ad aliquem. (j Jritk 
accuracy. Vid. Accu&atsi.t. 

ACCURATELY, diligenter, accurate. 
Jn. diHgiaiter et accurate; accurate et 
exquisite; exacte; aubtiliter. (;SYN.itn* 

iff* ACC^TmATB.) 

ACCURSE. Vid. Cvnsx. 

ACCURSED, devdtua {actually under 
a cmrae pronouMced) : exaecrabiUa, exae* 
txmdn»{deaerTfmg OBKration)'. nefariuaf 
M&ndua (Jtmpioua, wicked : encdaUy 
agdnat what ia koly. Tka latter of ikinga 

ACCU3ABLE, aceuaabilia, accusandua, 
repreheDdendua» rituperabilia, riniperan- 
doa, rRprehenaione, or vituperatioue dig* 
■ua. (STfe. «/ reprehendere and vitupe- 
rare «luto- Blaitb.) 

ACCUSATION, accuantio, incuaatio, 
inaimuljisio, crindnatio (oil aa aetiona. 
Srx. under Accusx): crimen (fikarge): 
cahimnia (falu aecuaatioH). To d^end 
any body againat an aecuaation, crunen 
defendere u^ aliquo. To drfend on^a ae^f 
againat an a ee uaa t iont crimen amc^in, 
propulaare ; culpam a se amovere : cri- 
men ditoere or criminatjonem diaaolrere 
(10 akam ita h^uatict or ^roundleaanea»), 
iJa a law term, quenmonia, querela 
ieomplaint: the fbrwter from a aenae of in- 
jmatux: tke laaer from afeaUng ofveza- 
t6on\ : delatio nominia (giving tka name 
^ tka ae e uaad to tka judge): periculum 
(aa eauaing danger to tke accuaed) : actio 
(gentral term for tka legal proceedinga, 
wkrtke r in a ewil or criminal eauae) : ac- 
cvaatio (jtka ckarge made, eapedaUy in a 
criminal couri): pctitio, pootulatio (in 
ehil eauaea : demand for reatitution or re- 
dreaa) : vindicatio (eicil action to recover 
a tktng): condictio (civil «ettoM on ac- 
count of a peraon) : formula (fke ^ixad- 
ing : tie formula according to wkxck tke 
• mt aa tit m waa draavn up): libellua (tke 
tcrkun ae cu aa ti on). Not. dica, 6iKri=oc- 
tto,i« civil eauaeay wken tke trial apoken 
^took place in a Greek court. 

ACCUSATIVE (case), accuaatirua (ac. 
caaoB, QuimL) : casus accneandi (Var.). 

ACCUSATORY, accuaatorius. An ac- 
euaatory libei ; L e., written ekarge, Hbel- 
fcaa, arcnaatio (not accnaatoriua ubeHus). 
Ta prefer or aet fortk an accusatory libel 
OfmnuoMy body^ Ubellum do aliquo dare 
(Fim.). In an accuaatory mannerf aocu- 
latraie, accuaatorio more et Jure. 

ACCUSE, accoaare (to aceuae in a crim- 
inal court) : incusare (to aecuae^ but not 
in a court ofjuatice) : inaimulare, in aH- 
e^jua rei indmnlatianem rocare (to eauae 
amifbodyto be auapected of a crimen wketk- 
erpudy or unjuaUy) : aiguere crimine or 
de crimine (iX/K^y, to ckarge, and make 
tka ckarge goodby proofa, wketkcr in a 
eemrt efjfutica or not): culpam in ali- 
q«em coaferre, in culpe ponere aliquem, 
■Bod cu^Mm attriboere (lay tka blmne qf 
amy thing on «ny body : eolpare ia voet- 
kU mam poat-Au^utuui^ : crimon alicui 


affsrre or inferre ; in crimen Tooaire or 
adducfflre ; crimen in aliquem cooferre ; 
crimine compellare (to tax or charge a 
utanwitkfWkeLka'juatlyornot): crimina- 
ri (to aceuae in a bad aenae ; e. g.,/or tke 
purpoae ofbtaekening a man'a ekaractar) : 
condemnare aliquem alicujua rd (proper- 
bf to condemn ; but aomatiaua tke antece- 
dens of oondemHotion, to aceuae juatly ; 
e. e., aliquem iniquitatis. Henog, B. 6., 
7, 19) : reum facere or agere (bring be- 
fore a court aa a defenwnt): calumni- 
an (to aceuae caiumnioualy, aopkiatically, 
Stc.) : aliquid alicui objicere or objectare 
(to coat any tking »n a man'a toetk ; re- 
proack Aim with). To oecuae falsely, fnlso 
crimine or falsis criminationibua inaimu- 
lare ; falso oonferre nliquid in aliquem ; 
crimen or aliquid criminis alicui or in al- 
iquem conlingere. 

ACCUSED. An accuaed peraon, or tke 
accuaed, reus (if in a court ofjuatice). 

ACCUSER, accusator : criminator, ca- 
lunmiator. (See verba under Accusx.) 
Actor (tke manager of a judicial impeach- 

ACCUSTOM. To accuatom any body, 
consuefacere aliquem witk inf. ur ut, ne. 
To accuatom any body to any tking, ali- 
quem assuefacere aliqUEl re (Cic, Ctta.), 
or (poet- Aug uatany alicui rei or ad ali- 
quem. The tranauive uae of the original- 
ly intranaitive coosucaccre, assuesccre, 
too* unknown to the great prose writara. 
To accuatom on€a aelf, consuescere or as- 
suescere, aruA in^n. or ohL (poat- Augus- 
tan, alao witk dot. or ad aliquid ; aasues- 
cere even in Ota., B. O., 6, 28) ; asaues- 
cere in aliquid : alao ee aasuefiacera ali- 

ACCUSTOMED, asauefactus or aaaue- 
tus aliquA re. To kave grown accuatomed 
to living at Alezandrea, JHm in conauetu* 
dinem Alexandrlna) vit» veniaae. 

ACE, unio (iota: TertulL). To bau an 
ace of any tking, * ne pilum quidem unum 
deminuere or Uctrabere de aliquA re. 

ACERBITY, auatentaa, acerbitas, amft- 
ritaa. Syn. under Soub. 

ACHE (no Latin word expreaaea tke no- 
tion ofacke aa a particular kind of pain), 
dolor (pain generally, wketkcr of boay 
or mind) : cruciatus (excruciating P^i'') : 
tormentum (tortars ; racking peon). 

ACHE, v., dolere (in body or mind): 
condoleaoere (moally ta tke perfea). The 
wind had made my kead acke, caput mihi 
de rente condoluit (PlauL) : my aide ached, 
condoluit mihi latua (ao pea ; dena ; tac- 
tum dolore corpus). 

ACHE-BONE, coxa, coxendi^ ; *oa 

ACHIEVABLE, quod effid, ad effec- 
tum adduci potest. 

ACHIEVi^, conficere (to bring to a» 
end, ao that the labor ia over ; to finia^ 
witkout r^erence to the production qf a 
perfect work : itinera, mandata conficiun- 
tur, non perfiduntur nee absolvuntur. 
D.^ : efflcere, ad efiectum adducere (to 
bring to actual exiatencey. perficcre (to 
carry tkrougk to tke end; to ta^ke any 
tking perfect : oppoaed to incboare, to be- 
gin) : abeolvere (to fniah off, ao that no 
more remaina to be done; to make com- 
plete: oppoaed to incboare, institucre). 
Jn. absolvero ac (et) perficere : peragere 
(to carry a buaineaa tkrougk'): exs£)ni, 
peradqui (to follow up till it u done : ea- 
pedaUy of things done by rule or direction, 
officium, mandata): ad finem adducere 
(to bring any tking to ita intended end ; 
to complete) : patrare (of important aetiona 
publiclv ptrforvMdi an old and solemn 
word, tkat kad probably a rdigioua mean- 
ing at Jirat: atrengtkaned perpetrare): 
aometimea fooere a2oiia (oppoaed to cogi- 
tare). 7b be able to ackteve any tkii^, 
*parem esae alicui rei exaequendas. 
WObtain by exertion, adipiaci, aaae- 
qui (tAe former dwelling more on tke ob- 
ject aekieced : tke laOer on tke peraavaring 
exertiona by which it waa aefuaved). To 
achieve peace, pacem perpetrare (Lic.y 

ACHIEVEMENT, ||comp2el ton f pei^ 
formance^ exsecutik). \Heroic ac- 
tion, (acinus magnum (^my great action), 
*rea pra^dare geita. jiAcktevementa, 
res gieataB (not confinta to «nccesaff w 


■). il fsetttcAso». inaigne 

ACHING, s. SeeAcHX. 

ACID, addus (o2:»posed to dulcis : somt 
to taate or amell). Jn. acer acidnsque. 
.SoMMvAot acMf, add&lua, aubaddua. Very 
add, addisaimus, peracerbus. acerbissi''. 
mua, pericer, acernmus : m&lum acidum 
= «M apple sour, though ripcf malum-, 
acerbum, an apple sour, becauae unripe» 
To be acid, acere, acidum. or acerbum, or 
acrem esse guMatu. To be turning acid, 
acescere, coacMcere. Vid. Soua. 

ACIDIFY, addum facere. 

ACIDITY, addit&B (laie) : addus sapor 
(octd taate). \\ Something acid, ad» 

ACKNOWLEDGE, agnoscere, cogno- 
scere (to recognize any thing, then to ac- 
knowledge it to be what it is): iq>pellara, 
aliquem (teitA ace of a title: to acknowl- 
edge, e. g., a king, dtc.). To acknowledga 
a man for on^s aon, agnoscere aliquem- 
tilium : not to acknowledge Atat as onia 
son any longer, abdicare filium. To oo* « 
knowledge a man aa king, re^m appel- 
Idre aliquem (to declare kirn king), alicui 
parere (to obey kim) : not to adtnowUdge m 
man for on€s king, detrectare alic^iua 
imi>erium. || Co nfe a «, i'ateor (mostly tm- 
plying a previoua queation), confltcor, pnv 
fiteor (confiteor, rsluctantly,from being un- 
<ible to conceal : profiteor, freely, openly), 
often joined witk pne ae ferre. To ao- 
knowUdge openly, koneatly, freely, apert^ 
ingenue, aperte et ingenue, libere confiti* 
ri ; libere profit£ri 7b acknowledge a d4At, 
confiteri ws alienum (xiL tabb. ap. Qttl^ 
StAi.), confiteri nomen: fateri se debere, 
not to aeknowl^ge a debt, infitiari debi« 
^m. To acknowledge a ain, confiteri, 
neccatum (Cic.) or se peccasse. To «uh 
knowledge the tnUk of Cliriatianity, 
* Christum aequi ; * doctrinam Christia- 
nam proHteri. || To allow tkat ona 
kas received, impluing that one owes m 
return: to acknowledge kindneasea, bcne- 
ficia grate interpretari (Plin., Ep, % 13„ 
9). To acknowledge that they are conquer^ 
ed, unakiUful, tac, confiteri ae victos, im» 
peritos, dec. 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT, agnitio (aet of 
recognizing) : confeasio (act of confaao* 
ing). nbrin^ a man to tke aoknowledg' 
ment of any th*ng, aliquem adducere «4 
confeaaiouf^m alicu^s rei (bykindmeana): 
alicui exprimere confeasionem alicujuA 
rei or exprimere ut aliquis confiteatoit 
aliquid (by force). To force a laan to «h» 
acknowledgment, exprimere or extorqufi- 
re ut fateatur ; cogere ut contiteatur or- 
conccdat The acknowledgment of ar» 
ror, * error agnltus. To bring a man tm 
an acknowleagmemt of kia ains, * facere^ 
efiicere, ut agnoscat, intelUgat se peooa^ 
visse. H To send a man a small acknowl- 
edgment, munusc&lum alicui concinnar» 
(if''amaUpreaenf'wiUdo). ttAcknowl' 
edgment, tke payment of a debt, iqx>cha«: 
To give an adnunUadgmantj apdcham 

ACME, tke kigkeat point, tke keigkt, 
CvLCL. by adj., the acme offoUy, tranjdata, 
*' the greatest folly." |i Criaia of a dia- 
mrder, cridca morU accesno (AuguaL 
Confeaa., 6, 1, end). 

ACONITE, 4c6nitum (Wolfa-bana), 

ACORN, glans. glandis. ' 

ACORNS (bot,), acdrua, calamua odo* 
ratus or aromaticua, calamua (if the sjp^ 
dea need not be mentioned). 

ACOUSTICS, * acuatica. 

ACQUAINT, Win form, Vid. \\ AC' 
quaint one'a aelf with, noscere, cog- 
noacere (especially by expariance) : discer* 
(to learn) : i>erc^}ere (to get a dear no- 
tion of, eapacially by ou^a ownohae io atio m 
and experience). 

(a) ACQUAINTED, to be or bacom$g 
witk PvaaoNs. To h«cowu aequainiad 
witk each other, ae Inter ae noscere. Ta 
become better acquainted witk any body 0u 
e., totiA kia ckaracter), |Hvpius mspicarft 
aliquem. To be weU acquainted with m 
man, aliquem bene, optima, pulchre, pro* 
pius nosse (general term) ; pulcbre cog* , 
noscere alici^jus senanm (Ats opiniona) | > 
qui Tir et quantus sit altisdrae inspexiiao 
Oiia tntaUmatMOl or moral gramtnaaa); aU* 



quern penitiu cognoscere ; aliqafim coff> 
DOBcere et intelUgere. T\> be thorough 
ly acquainted touk any body^ aliquem 
penitus inspexifl^; pemosae ttliquem 
qualis sit ; intiu et in cute nosse (JPert.): 
To make a man acquainted tpith anoCA«r, 
aliquem ad aliquem dcduoere (to intro- 
duce him). To be acquairued with any 
body by sight, aliquem de facie uoaae. 
Not to be acquainted with any body^ non 
nosfle aliquem ; aliquis mibi eat ignotua ; 
i^piorare aliquem {rare in the sense of be- 
tug unacquainted with his person, as Nep., 
Aria., 1, 4 : mostly not to know his char- 
acter). \\ Expressing or implying inti- 
mate acquaintance: to be intimately 
acquainted with^ aliquo famillaricer or iu- 
time uti ; in familiaritato alicujua veraari. 
/ am intimately acquainted witA, magna 
est mihi cum aUquo familiaritas. 

(b) AcqUAiNTED, to be; with things. 
AUquid intelligere, callerc, cognitum or 
perccptum habere ; multum in aliquA re 
versatum ease (to haoe had muck practice 
in it): alicujus rei peritum esse (fo be 
tidUed in it) : alicujus rei gnarum esse. 
(8yn. in Undsbstaxd.) Not to be ac- 
quainted with any thing, aliauid ignorarc 
or nescire ; in aUqud re ruaem or pere- 
prinum, or hoipitcm esse ; alici^jus rei 
ignarum or imperitum esse. 

ACQUAINTANCE, (A) of persons. 
II An acquaintance, notaa: alicmami- 
oils (a friend) : alicui familiaris (an inti- 
mate acquaintanee). He is an acquaint- 
ance of mine, usus mihi et consuetudo or 
fioniliaritas mihi cum aliquo intercedit 
An intimate acquaintance, aliquis cujus 
amicitiA famiHanter utimur. || Acquatnt- 
ANCX, nod, amici, famili&res. To have 
an extensive acquaintance, multos hnbgre 
amicoa ; * mnltis ndtum esse et familia- 
l<em. II Acquaintance with any 
body, cognitio alicujus (the becoming ac- 
quainted with a man: dignus cognltione, 
worth knowing) : notitia alicujus (the be- 
ing acquainted with) : usus : usus et con> 
raetudo (intercourse witk, intimacy) : fa- 
miliaritas (habits of great intimacy). 7V> 
make acquaintance with, aliquem cognos- 
cere. (B) ^ifA (Atn^s: cognitio alicu- 
jus rei (the becoming acquainted with it) : 
notitia alicujus rei (the being acquainted 
with it) : scientia aUcnjus rei (thorough 
knotOedge, the retuit qf mental activity). 

ACQUIESCE, acquiescere alicui' rei, 
doLf or aliquA re (say nothing against 
it ; weaker tAon aseendri and approbare. 
Cicy Acad., 2, 46, acquiescere in aliquA re 
is, to find satisfaction in any thing) : all- 
quA re contentum esse (to be contented 
with): aliquid probare, approbare, acci- 
pcre (to approve of, receive favorably). 

ACQUIESCENCE, probatio, approba- 
lio, comprobatio (approval) : consensio, 
consensus, assensus (assent). With your 
aequiescenot, te consentiente or probante. 
Without your acquiescence^ te adversaute, 
renuente, nolente. 

ACQUIRABLE, *quod adipisci queas: 
*quod obtineri potest (Syn. under Ob- 
tain) : impetrabuis (what can be obtained 
hy entreaties). 

ACQUIRE, parare, comparare (pro- 
vidSj procure by on^s own means) : qure- 
rere (obtain by seeking ; e. g., livelihood, 
victum ; popularity wUh Ike common peo- 
plCf gratiam nd populum ; glory, sibi glo- 
liam) : acquirere (to obtain what one has 
striven for): coHlgere (collect; c. c., 
good-wilL, favor, &.c.) : nancisci (obtain 
with or without trouble ; even against one's 
«pM) : adipisci (to achieve by exertion) : 
consi^qui (to arrive at the object of on^s 
wish, with or without assistance) : ass^qui 
(to arrive by exertion at the olfjcet of ont^s 
endeavors) : obtinere (to obtain and keep 

Cfssession). To acquire credit, parftre sibi 
ndem ; money, pecuniam sibi faccre ; a 
msM*s friendship, alicujus amidtiam ^bl 
c(Knparare ; gr^ot infiuence, magnam 
anctoritatem sibi constitucrc ; great wealth 
mnd reputation, magnas opes sibi mag- 
iramque nomen focer^'; exteneive knowl- 
edge^ * magnas opes eruditionis sibi com- 
parare. To endeavor to acquire, captare 
aliauid (e. g., popularity, &c.). To ac- 
quire strengtk, se corroborare. 
ACQUIREMENT, fiact of aequir- 


ingt comparatio, adoptio : of popularity, 
conciliatip gratiss. ^Knowledge ac- 
quired, doctxina^ eruditio, liter». A 
person of extensive acquirements, multa- 
rum rerum cognitione imbutus ; emdi- 
tissimus ; optimis artibus eruditus ; homo 
in quo mtutw sunt liter» r of extensive 
and various acquirements, in quo est co- 
pia et varietas studiorum. 

ACQUISITION, comparatio (act qfpro- 
atring for ontfs self) : adoptio (the ob- 
taining what one has striven for). Acqui- 
sition of popularity, conciliatlo gratlsB. 

ACQUll; II «e« free, liberare re or a 
re : exsolvere re (release from) : e^dmere 
re or ex re (W deliver from) : levare re 
(relieve from what is ^agreeable; e. g., 
fear, sorrow, pain) : expedire re (extrU 
cate from) : extrdhere ex re (drag out 
of) : eripere ex or a re (snatch from). 
l^ The last three of extricating from 
unpleasant circumstances ; e. g., dangers. 
II Pronounce guiltless, a^solvere pr. 
et impr., of any thing, aliqud re or de aU- 
qu4 re (e. g., regni suspicione, do preevar- 
icationc) : exsolvere aliquA re (e. g., sus- 
picione): liberare aliqud re («ec/rce, gen- 
era/ terttt'f. To be acquitted, Uberatum dis- 
cedcre ; mnoccntem or innoxium absolri ; 
ex judicio emergere. ||DtscAar^e a 
duty, offlcium exscqui, officio defUngi; 
offlcU partes explore. To acquit one^s self 
admirably, &c., offlcium cumulate red- 
dere (Cic. ad Div., 5, 8, 2). See Duty. 
II To acquit one's self like a man, 
virum se praistare. 

ACQUITTAL, absolutio (any bodies, 
aliciijus ; alicujus rei ; e. g., majestatis) : 
liberatao (alicujus rei ; e. g., culpa?). 

ACQUITl'ANCE, ap6cha, acceuti latio 
(the former implying payment of the debt ; 
the latter any release from the necessity of 
payment). A formal acquittance, or an 
acquittance nHaer hand and seal, * apdcha 
z&anu sigilloque firmata. To give any 
body an acquittance^ apdcham dare. 

ACRE, jugdrum (really about two thirds 
of an acre. It was *2i0feet in lengtk and 
120 in breadth, and contained, therefore^ 
2S,&)0 square feet. Diet. Antiq.) 

ACRID, acer (hot and biting, like mus- 
tard, garliCj onions) : acerbns (of any 
thing that contracts tlie tongue; c. g., un- 
ripe fruit, sour, opposed to suaris') : am&- 
rus (opposed to dulcis : nauseously bitter). 

ACRIMONIOUS, ||acri<i,ViD. ||Fig., 
of words, Sic., amarus (Jtitter) : acerbus 
(soitr') : asper (rough) : mordax (biting) : 
invidiosus (calculated ^ raise a prejudice 
against the person attacked): aciueatus 
(stinging). Acrimonious words, verbo- 
rum aculei. 

ACRIMONY, acerbitas, amaritas (Syn. 
under AcaiD) : acrimonio (seldom in liter- 
al sense before Plin., and only of sharpness 
to. the taste ; an invigorating, strengthen- 
ing sharpness. Not figuratwe in the sense 
of our acrimony). 

ACRITUDE. Vid. Acbimony. 

ACROSS, adv., in trans versura ; ex or 
de transverse ; per transversum. Some- 
tkin^ comes across my mind, aliquid mihi 
de im proviso objicltur. || Crosswise, 
Vid. To shake hands across, *alici^jus 
manua decussatim constringere. 

Across, pr., trans. To march an army 
across the Rhone, tr^'icere excrcitum 
Rhodium or trans Rhod&num. 

ACROSTIC, ea qu» iKpoartxis dicitur 
(Cic, Div., 2, 54). 

ACT, V. II Do, aggre, facere («gerc, 
like ■spirTuv, refers more to the simple act- 
ing than to the results of it ; facere. like 
mulv, refers to the action and its results : 
to act well or ill, rccte or male agcre, and 
recte or male facere ; but tite luuer only 
so far as the effect of the action is, oris not, 
what it should be). \\ Behave, se gerere 
(e. g., shamefully). To act like a man, 
virum se prwstare. || Exert force, vim 
habere (not vim exeerere, which is not 
Lot.) : efficOcem esse (to work or be ef- 
fective). The medicine acts, concipitur 
venis medicamentura : does not ad, me- 
dicamentum imbecilUus est quam mor- 
bus : the medicine acts so powerfully, tanta 
vis est medicament!: the medicine acts 
well, comm5de focit (Cels.). To act upon 
any thing, vim habftre or ezercere in aU- 


quid: on any body, aUqoem or alicnjos 
animum movSre, commovSre. It acre 
upon me in different ways, varie afficior 
auquA re. /( acts differently upon me, ali- 
quid aliter fero. II To be in effective 
action; of things, in eficctu esse (e. g., 
machines). \\Act a part on the stagey 
or in life, agcre aliquem or alicujus par- 
tes ; alicujus personam tudri (not aUcujua 
personam agero): simulare aliquem, or 
with ace and injin. (to pretend to be any 
body). r]p^ Ludere aliquem is uncUu- 
sical ; esuiibere aliquem un-Latin. To act 
a play, fabulam agere (not fabulam do- 
c^re, which is said of the author only). 
To forbid the players to act, histrionibus 
scenam intermccre (Su.). The playera 
will not act to-night, * histriones hodie in 
scenam non prodibunt 

Act, n., factum (what has been actually 
done) : facinus (deed, contemplated as tks 
act of a free agent, and as an evidence of 
strength of character, for good or for evil) : 
opus (work ; the product of a iaciens). 
II Acts, facta (general term) : res gest», 
gesta, orum, sometimes res only (acts per- 
formed in the line qfon<fs dioy or office; 
especially exploits, achievements in war): 
acta (actions performed according to par- 
ticular rules; measures, e. g., of a poli- 
tician) : actiones (doings ; goings on ; 
implying a continued course. Hen. ad 
B. Civ., 1,5). Acts of the Apostles, * Apos- 
tolorum acta or res gestes. || A noble aet^ 
egregie or egregium factum ; iaclnufl 
prtBcIarum. An immortal act, fiiclniis or 
opus immort&le. Honorable, gloriou$ 
eicts, laudes, decora, pL To peiform an 
act, facfnus facere, conticere ; opus edere. 
A wicked act, facinus, tlagitium, scelus 
committerc ; scelus facere, pcrficere, ad- 
mittere. || In the very act, in manifefto 
facindre (c. g.,to be caught, deprehcndi ; 
in re praesenti is, on the spot where the oo- 
currence took place. \\Act of amne^y, 
oblivio sempitema (Cic.): oblivio quam 
Atfaenienses iftvijeTiav vocant (V. Max.) : 
lex ne quis ante actarum rerum accuae- 
tur, neve multetur (a law). Vid. Amnes- 
ty. \\ Acts of a court, tabulm (general 
term) : liter» public» (archiveg) : acta 
publica, or acta only (recorded proceedings 
of the Senate, people, or individual magis- 
trates). To record in the acts, in acta ro- 
ferre. To be contained in the acts, in actis 

ACTION, \\thin^ done. V. Activb. 
Acting, actio (doing, any thing done): 
actus. To be in action, in actu esse (Sen.). 
II Action, t'n law. Actio (the legal pro- 
ceedings; the trial): lis (the actual trial 
or contest) : causa («As grounds of it ; 
each partes ease) : res (the subject of it ; 
the whole ease) : dica (Greek, only of a civil 
cause before a tSreek court). A civil action, 
causa privata. A criminal action, catisa 
publica (for an offence against the state ; 
causa capitnlis, t/ the penalty is death). 


(1) generally : lege agere cum nliquo 
(not in aliquem) ; actionem aliciii inten- 
dere ; formulam alicui intendere (to pre- 
fer a written accusation against htm) ; 
judicio experiri cum aliquo ; judicio per- 
B^qui aliquem ; on account of any thing, 
(lege) agere alicujus rei or de re ; judicio 
or legibus experiri de re; against any 
thing, lege ngere in or adversus aliquiJl 

(2) In civil causes: aliquem in jus 
vocare-(fo call him before a court) : dicam 
alicui scribcre, subscriberej or inipingere 
(to prefer a written accusation, with name 
of accuser, defendant. Sec., before a Greek 
court). (3) In criminal causes: de-' 
lationem nonihiis postulare in aliquem 
(propr. to ask permission of the Judge to 
aelicer in the name qfthe accusea person ; 
then to accuse generally) : nomen alict^a 
ad judicem or judices deferre : judicium 
poptulare in aliquem : aliquem in judi- 
cium adducere ; aliquem in jus cducere ; 
aliquem duccre or educere (to bring him 
before a court) : periculum alicui crearo 
or facessere (to put A»m<n/M!rt2): aliquem 
reum agere or tacerc (to make him an ac- 
cused person) : aliquem (reum) citare (to 
cite him btfore a court) : aliquem accusaro 
(to accuse him formally. For any thing, 
nomen aUctJns deferre de re: deferre 


■fiqnem iBctiJiu rei (^Uo wiA ad jndi- 
668) : aMfliiem reum alicv^Joa rd dtare or 
i^ers; aliqaem Judicio alici^ut rei, or 
utbf diqaem aUcujua roi arcMfere; ali- 
<piem reum aUcoJus rei poetukre ; and 
MMtolara aliquem alici^us r^ or de re. 
T9 brtM^ a» aetiom a^ainat «nf bodiffar 
iamagtM, aliouem Juoicio recuperatorio 
pera^qoL (vid. Rscuperatob.) Ikaee 
«a motion, i e^ ground of aeUoa^ habeo 
aerionem ; nt actio in ahquem. An ac- 
tion lie» against any hody^ actio competit 
In •liqiu'tn. To $kno a man how he muat 
bring his action^ actionem aUcui demon- 
■trare. 11 Of an orator., including both 
wee andgtsture^ actio. || Batti^. Vid. 
l^Ofa plnf, actio (an incident in it; or 
M» itu%dent»y. argomentom £ftbiiI«B {its 
general eulnecC). A pkof abownding in 
octiiM», &bnla actuoaa : deJUsunt in action, 
'panim actuosa. 

ACTIONABLE, (ras) aecoiabilis COdtr 
neTj dc^ EcL^ p. 105). An^ thing u ac- 
tiomMe or not actionable, est aUcujua rei 
(nDa) or ndHa actio. A person'» oonduet 
i«acn<ma&^e«tactioinaiiquem. \\Somt- 
times, poenA or supplicio dignus (the latter 
of the severest punithmaU) : anLmadver- 
tendiu (to be no»e»d, and tswedwithpun- 

ACTIVE, indostriaa, navua, operoaos, 
labOTiofua, aacidnus, dUigeni, aedutoB 
(Stn. under AcTirmr) : nctnoaus (op- 
posed to nihn agens, intUned to actum, 
fuU^ activity; e. g., of virtue, the mind, 
Ac ; or opposed to quietos, of an aetioe 
life. It eannotbetuedeafelylnanffother 
rriations: still rarer is actlrua, vMch oc- 
«urs in Sen. im philo«ophia activa, op- 
posed to contemplatira) : aoer (full of 
fre and energy) : implger (setting to 
workvigorouaijfi unwearied by ezertions): 
rtrennoa (vigorous and eamestbf active : 
e. ^., merc4tt>r) : agent, dens (active in 
^kUosopky, opposed to patibilis, passive). 
In. narua et indastriuB : industrius et 
aoer: acer et indiutriua: operoaua et 
aemper agena aliouid et moUena. Active 
ia business, in reouB gcrendii acer et in- 
dnstnua. To be almtjf» active, semper 
•sere aHqoid (et moliri) : to be aetioe (of 
things), r\g€re. To be active in any boafs 
estuss, nidi pro aHqao : " he uaea to say 
tkst he was never more active than when 
he was doing nothing,** dicebat nunquam 
•e plua agere qoam nihil quum ageret 
lAcnvs VKBB, verbom a^bns (opposed 
to Yerimm patiendi, GelL, 18» 12, eni\. 

ACTI VTTY, opera (activi^, unemphtoio- 
sOff ; apposed to mommtarp inactivity, or 
wtarelff thinking, talking, or advising): 
labor (labor, toil) : induatria (habitual 
salvitif of an elevated hind ; e. g.. in he- 
roes^ statesmen) : naTitas (the useful aetivi- 
tg of ordinary men) : aednlitas (bustling 
aetirity in small matters) : assidnitas (per- 
severing industry) : dili^ntia (careful, 
etose application)^ : impigntns (unwearied- 
■«■>): actio (aaing). Agility, pernfci- 
tu (activity and dexterity in ail bodily 
movemeiUs') : agOitaa (opposed to tarditaa). 

ACTIVELY, naviter, strcnue, impigre, 
enise (unik all on^s might). || fVith 
agility^ pemiciter, agiliter (JtMtth post- 

ACTOR, arfifox acenicos (general 
term) : actor aoenicus or actor only (ac^ 
or, e&£ most reepeOfnl term') : histrio (the 
niddie term : player) : ludio, lodius (the 
lowest term : pantomimic performer ; a 
^ayer and dancer). Tragic actor, Tra- 
gcsdat. Comic actor, Comcedus. |i Com- 
pany of actors/ fawS&n histriommi; 
grex hisbrionnm. 

ACTRESS, artiiex scenica, also sceni- 
ca only (late. In earlier times even female 
characters were acted by men). 

ACTUAL, verus (true, retO) : gorm&nua 
(fine's own, complete, ginuine: gennanaa 
freter ; gcnaanua Stoicus, a genuine Sto- 
k) : solidns (sab^aruial, real) : certos 
(certain): mae (the thing itself). 

ACTUALLY, re : re verA: reapse: re 
et Teritate (reaUy, not in words only) : 
asDe : profecto (assuredly, words qfas^v- 
erstion). Soxsmfxt quid eat aliud (ni- 

ACTUARY, aeriba : actoarlaa (intkeaO- 
ver Age «M a kind of short-htuid writer, 


ti^ took note» of the tpeedke» ddhered in 
a court. Suet., Goes., 55). 

ACTUATE, mordre, commoYere (to 
move) : cidre (sst in motion, stir up) : in- 
dtare, conoitare (set in violent motion) : 
impellere (drive or urge to) : Mldnccre, 
inducere (to draw to). Also agere ali- 
qaem (Heind., Hor., SaL, 2. 2, 13). 

ACULEATE, acoleatoa (armed with a 
ACUMEN. Vid. Acimei«vs8. 
ACUTE, \i sharp, propr. Vid. An 
acute angle, angalua acutus. \\Of the 
senses, acutna : aagax (having a fine 
sense of hearing or smelling ,* sagaeious). 
Obs., ocnli acuti; ocuU acres et acud; 
Yisua acer : acer Yidendi sensus : nares 
acuta, nasua sagax, aures acut». || Of 
the mental faculties, acutus (sharp): 
acer (vigorous, of powerful com/jirdunston, 
penetratij^ : subtolis (fine, discriminat- 
ing accurately) : argatus (over-acute ; 
making too fine distinctions) : perspTcax 
(dear-sightea). An acute understanding, 
ingenium acre or acutum: mens acris. 
Very acute, peracutus, pcr&cer : to be very 
acute, acutissimo, acerrimo esse ingcnio : 
ingenii acumine Yaldre. To be an acute 
thinker, acrem eate in cogitando. 

ACUTELY, II o/ the senses, acute 
(cemere, audire) : acriter (intuSri all- 
quid.) II Of the mental powers, acute, 
acriter, subtiliter (Sys. under Acxtte). 

ACUTENESS, ingenii acQmen or ades 
(the former implying more of depth ; of 
original and inventive ability) and acu- 
men (Ncfy: p«^cacitas: prudcntia per- 
spicax (insight, taking tn all at one 
glance) : subtilitas (fine discrimination) : 
aagadtas (the power of accurate investiga- 
tion). Aeuteness in disputation, acQmen 
disserendi. To possess natural aeuteness, 
naturA acutun esse. || Of sight, acies 

adage:, proYerbium (the proper word) : 
Yerbum (a saying) : adagio ana adngium 
are very rare^ ana never met with in the 
best prose wrtters. There is an old adage 
that; an old adage says, est vetus pro- 
Yerbium or Yerbum ; Yetus Ycrbum noc 
quidem est Acqttrding to the old adage, 
Yeteri proverbio. As the old adage says, 
ut est in proYerbio ; quod proveii)!! loco 
did solet : qtio4 aiunt ; ut aiunt ; ut did- 
tur. Vid. PaoYKaD. 
ADAMANT, adftmas. 
ADAMANTINE, adamantifnus. 
ADAF1\ accommodaro aliquid filicui 
rd or ad rem : facere or efflcere ut ali- 
quid congruat or conYenlat cum re (to 
make any thing suit another thing). To 
adapt the words to the thoughts, Yerba 
ad sensus accommodare; sententias ac- 
commodare Yocibus : a speech to the place, 
circumstances, and persoHs, orationem ac> 
commodate locis, temporibas,etper86ni8. 
ADAPTATION, accommodatio. 
ADAPTED, accommodatoa alicui rd 
or ad rem (adapud to) : aptua alicui rei 
or ad aliquid (fit for) : conveniens, con* 
gruens (unclassical, congruus), consen- 
tnneus aHcui rei or cum re (agreeing with, 
suitable to) : idoneus (perfectly suited for 
some varticular purpose, ad aliquid). To 
be aaapted, aptum esse, apto conYenire 
ad aliquid. Not to he adapted to, alienum 
esse ; parum convcnire. 
ADAYS. Vid. Nowadays. 
ADD, adjungere aliquid ; to any thing, 
alicui rei or sA aUqmd: addere aliquid 
(alicui rd or ad aliquid, to add ; used also 
of writing something additional) : adjice- 
re aliquid. to any thing, alicui rd or ad al- 
iquid : subjiccre, to any thing, alicui rei 
(adjicere used also of additions made by 
word of mouth or writing ; subjicere also of 
additions in writing ; subjicere is always 
to add below ; e. g.« an example, exemplum) : 
attribuere (to assign or aHot ; e. g., a dts- 
trict to a country, v. Cm., B. C, 1, 35, end. 
Cic. QuinL Fr., 1, 1, 11, & 33) : aspergc- 
re aliquid, to any thing, alicui rd (to add 
incidentally; to add a sprinkling of; e. 
g., of written remarks : hoc aspeid ut ad- 
rea, Sec. Cic Not, tkerrfors, annotationea 
or acholia aspergere, but addere, if they 
are a regular series) : mponere (to place 
by ; to add : also of wrmsn additions), to 
t anjf thing, alicui rd or ad aliquid. Not, 


subjungere and subneetere m dassiedi 
wrkerssiito add co-ordinately. I have add- 
ed a com of the Utter, exemplar literarum 
subacripsi, or Bubscriptura est : literarum 
exemplar ad te misL || To add uv, 
summam alicctjus rd fnccre (to find tke 
total) : compat&re (to reckon up) : nnme* 
rare (to count) : ratiocinari (to ealculaU). 

ADDER, Yipgra [coluber berua, Linn.]. 
II An adder's tooth, blood, &X., dens, aan- 
guia. &C.. viperinu». 

ADDER'S-TONGUE (plant), ♦ophio- 
glossum (Linn.). 

ADDICTED, deditus alicui ret: studi- 
osua alicujus rei (fondly pttrsuing it) : 
addictus aUcui rd (devoted to tr). Jn. ad- 
dictus et deditus. Also, post-Augustan, 
devotus alicui reL Jn. deditus dcYotus- 

aue. II To be addicted to. se dare, d6- 
fire, tradere alicui rei (to give one's self 
up to) : indulgSre alicui rei (to indulge tn 
it) : studSre alicui r^ (to pursue it with 
jwasure). To be wholly addicted to, mul- 
tum esse in re (e. g., vcnationibu9 : totum 
esse in re. To be addicted to pleasure^ \o- 
luptatibus deditum esse, scrYire, astric- 
turn esse : etatem in voluptatibus col- 
locare : libidinibus se sorYum pnestare. 

ADDICTION, studium alicujus rd (ea- 
ger pursuit of any thing). 

ADDITION, adijunctio : appodtio (tke 
placing to, or adding; e. g., of examples, 
exemplorum) : adjectio : acceaeio (some- 
thing added: in rhetoric, an addition that 
completes a definition): additamentum 
(thing added). Phr. To improve a work 
by additions and corrections, Ubrum ere- 
biris locis inculcare et reficere (Cic) : to 
set any thing forth with lying additions, 
mendaciuncQUs aspergere diqtxid. To 
make many important additions to hi» 
edict, multas res noYas In edictum adde> 
re (Liv., 1, 30). \\ Arithmetical addi- 
tion, cslcuiorMvaeuhdnctio: coraputatio 
(calculaiion generally). By addition and 
eubtraction. addcndo dcduccndoque. 

ADDITIONAL, c. g., additional obser- 
vations, * obsenrationcs quaa prioribus 
addendfe sunt 

ADDLE. II A ddled egg, OYum iuftue, 
irrftum ; dYum zephyrlnum ; OYum uri- 
num; oYum hypencmlum; ovum cyno- 
sOrum. \\ Addle-headed, addle-pat- 
ed$ leYis (JHghty, thoughtless): Yauus 
(empty, idly chattering, &.cJ) : incoiuultus, 
incondderatas (acting without pnsiiou» 
consultation or consideration). 

ADDRESS, II accosf, Vid. \\ Address 
one*s self, se pararo or se comparare ; 
to any thtng, aa aliquid (to prepwre on^s 
self for it) : aggridl ad aliquid (e. g., ad 
dicendum, to approach it; set about it). 
\\ Address a letter to any body, alicui in- 
scribere epistolam: dare literas ad ali- 
quem ; literas mittcre alicui or ad aliquem 
(to write to, »end a letter to : not scribere 
ad aliquem). 

ADDRESS. II Dexterity, habiUtaa 
(dexterity of body) : habitus (the dexterity 
gained by the practice of an art or virtue) : 
ars (dexterity tn an art) : usus alicujus rd 
(experience and consequent skill): facul- 
tas (the power of doing any thing, cetpad- 
ty) : ingenium ad aliquid aptum or habUo 
(mental aptitude): ingenii dexteritas, or 
dexteritas only : to any thing, ad aliquid 
(readiness and cleverness in conduct to- 
ward others ; worldly wisdom, Liv., 28, 18, 
and 37, 7, end. In the sense of " dexteri- 
ty" generally, it is not Latin). || Of a 
letter; direction, prascriptio. \\ Des- 
ignation by name and place of 
abode. What is your address ? ubi hao- 
Itas? II 7*0 payone^s addresses to, 
aliquem pctere: dicujus amorc tcncri, 
captum esse ; aliouem in amore habt-re 
(to be in love wtth : cause for effect). 
\\ Speech, alloquium (address of a persua- 
sive, consolatory, or warning ktnd. A soft 
address, blandum or lene dloouium, Uv.) : 
allocutio (speaking to) : appellatio (accost- 
ing a man quietly : e. g., to request any 
thing): compellatio (direct address in a 
speech ; rhetorical term) : oratio (formal^ 
studied speech) : condo (address to a pop- 
ular or military assembly, harangue) : ser- 
mo (spesdk of an unpremeditated, concer- 
oational kind). 
ADDUCE, produoere (laeul forward « 



person) : afferre, proferre (hrin^ for' 
ward^ : memorare, commemorare (make 
mention of) : laudure (jc^ecimUif to prai$e) : 
citare (to call forth i e. g., «liquem aucto- 
rem, as oiufs authority ; but rare in tM^ 
oense). To adduce wantMes, testes pro- 
ferre. laudare, proferre, citare, excitare : 
testimony^ atfcrre testimonium : a pas»- 
age^ locum afierre, laudare : a reason^ ra- 
tionem, causam atferre : afierre cur with 
the subj. (o. g., cur credam. atferre possum, 
Cic.) — Obs. Since producere testem i* 
correct, we may say producere or aflerre 
■criptorem ; but not locwn, rationem : ci- 
tare locum, indicare. etferre, are wrong ; 
also allegare excmplum. 

ADDUCTION. II Of examples, pas- 
sages, &c. : prolatio: commemoratio (the 
mentioning of them). 

ADDUCIBLIf:. qui produci, afferri, 8cc^ 
potest. Vid. Adduce. 

ADEPT, II skillful, expert, Vux || In- 
itiated, mysteriis initiatus; aiso mysta 
or mystes. 

ADEQUACY, prps., bonitas (goodness) : 
Justus numcrus (proper number) : oonve- 
nientia (suitableness). 

ADEQUATE, quod satis ease videtur 
or visum est: par: satis idoneus: suffi- 
ciens, used absolutely in this sense, belongs 
to a late age. Jn adequate knowledge of 
«ny thing, * satis idonea alicujus rei sci- 
entia. n An adequate supply, satis, 

ADEQUATELY, talis (sufBcienter. lau 
Latin) : convenienter, congruenter fUicui 
rel : apte ad aliquid. 

ADHERE, adhierdre alicui reL Hence, 
to cling to ; of properties^ customs, 
Sui. : bierdre sJicm : manure (to remain). 
8in adheres to him, hwret ei peccatum. 
fiCling toj am devoted Co. adhssresco 
alicui rei : amplector or amplexus teneo 
aliquid. To adhere to justiu and virtue, 
justitite honestatique adh»rescere; jus- 
titinm hooestatemque amplectL ^Henee= 
to be an adherent of any body, dedi- 
turn, addictum esse, fiBvere, studere ali- 
cui : favere alicujus partibus ; studiosum 
ease alicujus; esse e partibus alicujus; 
•equi, sectarl aliqucm ; sequi alicujus auc- 
tontatem; assectari aliquem; aasectam 
or sectatorem esse alicujus (the last three 
sapeciaUu cf the foUowers of some more 
powerful person). 7V> adhere to a philo- 
9ophical sect, sequi philosophiam ; ease ab 
aliquA disciplina. 

ADHERENCE, cohereutia (mutual ad- 
herence) : alligatio (the tying together, knit' 
ting together). || Attachment, studium, 
amor alicujus : voluntas in aliqucm (with 
or without propensa) : caritas alicujus or 
in aliquem (affection arising from high 
estimation) : ooservantia (respectfui atten- 

ADHERENT, assdda (mostly term of 
contempt ; also scholar, follower of a philo- 
sophical sect : sectator and assectator, in 
this sense, belong to the Silver Age) : socius, 
amicus (friend) : fautor, studiosus alicu- 
jus (favorer) : cultor, admirator (admir- 
er.) A man^s adherents (in a political 
sense), qui sentiunt cum aliquo, qui stant 
cum or ab aliquo ; qui faciunt cum aiiouo ; 
qui alicujus partibus favent; qui alicui 
student An adherent qf the nobility, no- 
bilium amicus, optimatium fautor; no- 
bilitatis fautor or studiosus. || Female 
adherent, fnntxix: cultrix:, alicujus ttu- 
diosa. To be an adherent. Suundsr 


ADHESION. \^ Adhesiveness, lenti- 
tia: tcnacitas. ^Attachment to a person 
or party ; prps^ studium alicujus : better 
by ercl. 

ADHESIVE, tenax (sticky, tenacious f 
6. g., wax): resinac^na (like resin): g^u- 
tbidsus (like glue). 

ADHESIVENESS, lentitia (giuUnosi- 
ty): tenacitas. 


ADHORTATION. Vid. Exhobtatioit. 

ADIAPHANOUS, non pellucidus : non 
translucidns. To be aaiaphanous, mui 
per- or trana-hic£re ; luoem non trans- 

ADIEU, vale I valeas I To bid adieu to 
any body, aliquem salvfire Jubeo ; aUoni 
Tatodioere (Silver Age, and posticafy, To 


bid aJuuU adieu, supremiim valadlcen (?). 
Fio., to bid adieu to (e. g., Itfs, vice), re- 
auntiare (rites, vitiis). 

ADJACENT, finitfanus (lying on tie 
borders of) : coaflnis (having a c o mm on 
boundary): vicfnna, propinquna (near); 
all four with dot, : copjonctus alicui loco : 
contlnens alicui loco, or cum aliquo looo. 
Obs., afilnis, in this sense, hardly belongs 
to classical prose (though found Liv., ^ 
17, SS: contiguua, conteraiinus, poetical 
and late: limitaneus, very late. To be ad- 
jacent to, acUac6re aHcui tema, or ali- 
quam terram; immindre alicui terra: 
tangere, attingere, ooDtingere terram. 

ADJECTIVE, apposltum. adjecdvum. 
An adjective, epithdUm (Quint.). 

ADJOIN, (TB.), Iladdere, a4}uDffere, 
ad-, sub-Jicere (aliquid alicui rei or ad ali- 
quid : subjicere only alicui rei). 8rir. in 
Add. (intb.) || To be adjacent tot of 
countries. Vid. Adjacent. || Of build- 
ings, continnari alkui loco (to join it). 

ADJOINING, II nearest, prozlmna. 
Adjacent, Vid. 

ADJOURN, difierre, proferre, con-ferre 
(differre may be used of an indefinite ad- 
joumment ; but not pro- or con-ferre) : 
prolatare (e. g., comma, diem. See.; to 
put off\ : rejicere, reservare (to put off 
what should be done now) : prodicere 
(diem; to fix a more distant day). To ad- 
journ to another time, in aliud tempus dif- 
tlerre, proferre, rejicere : to the next day, 
aliquid ditlerre in crastinum: in poate- 
rum diem conferre : for some days, aU- 

Juot dies proferre or promovdre. Vid. 

ADJOURNMENT, dilatio, prolatio. 
To pray for an adjournment, p<*tere dila* 
tionem. By OilQoumment, diSerendo, 

ADJUDGE, addicere (general term) : 
a4judicare (pronounce it his, judicially 
or authoHtattvely). The propertu to any 
body, bona alicui addicere : the kingdom 
to Ptolemy, adjudicare regnum PtoIema»o : 
a triumph, honors, a sum of money to any 
body, decemere alicui triumphum, hono- 
roa, pecuniam. H Fix a punishment, 
constituere. dicere : irroffare had mot this 
nteaning till the time of the empire ; before 
this it meant to prmtose the punishment to 
be infticted on any body by the people. TV» 
adjudge any body to suger suck a punish- 
ment, constituere aHcm poenam : to pay 
such a fine, dicere alicui m«]ctam. 

ADJUDICATE, fecere Judicium: sen- 
tentiam dicere (fry word of mouth) or ferre 
(by tablets) : about tmy thing, alknjus rei 
or de aliquA re : about any bo^, de aliquo. 

ADJUDICATION, Haef of adjudg- 
ing property to any body, addictio; 
e. gM bonorum (Cic.) : a4iudicatio (Dig.). 

ADJUNCT, s., L c^ an accessory 
thing or person: accessio (e. g., Syphax 
was an acceaaio Punici belli, a mere ad- 
junct, not the principal enemy. A lean-to, 
or building added to a house, was an ac- 
cessio ; and Pliny speaks of cups so orna- 
mented with jewels that the gold was a mere 
accessio). || An associate or assist- 
ant in office, adjntor. 

Adjunct, adj., joined to, Junctua, 
conjunctus. " If death were at^unct to my 
aeC* (Shak,\ si posnam aequi oporteret, 
ut supplicio afficcrer. 

ADJUNCTION, aciinnctio: apposltio 
(act of placvig by or after) : nujeotio. 
II Thtng joined, acceasio: additamen- 

ADJUNCTIVE, Iff *«t which is join- 
ed, adjunctivus (e. g., modus, the subjunc- 
tive, DiowL) \\s., one who ioins, ad- 
Junctor (Cie^ but only in a bitter, taunt- 
ing passage). 

ADJURATION. || act of proposing 
an oath: crcL by verbs under Adtube. 

!| Form of an ooth proposed to any 
*ody, Jurisjurandi verba or formula : Jus- 
Jurandutn. Vid. Oath. ||^£arfi««< en- 
treaty, obtestatio: obaecratio (Syn. in 

ADJURE, n impose a prescribed 
form of oath, jurejurando, or Jusjunui- 
dnm, or ad Juajurandom aliquam adigere: 
aliouem aacramento adlgfire or rogare (qf 
soldiers)'. Jnrejnrando aliquem astringe- 
nt obstiingere, obligare (fruui fry a» MM) : 

▲ DMI 

jmlnr a n Jum ab aliquo exigere: Josjuran* 
dum alicui deferre. M Nearly=. implore t 
obteatari (to call God to wOness, and in^ 
plore any body in a suppliant manner. 
Dig.) : obaecrare (to isnpCare urgently by 
all that is holy ; by all a man holds sacred), 
Jk. implorare et obtestari Bw any body, 
per aliquem. To a4jure by aU that is sa- 
cred, all you hold dear, Ac., multis, om- 
nibus, inf imis precibus petere, oraro ; 
omnibus precibus orare et obte«tari di- 

ADJUST, ordinare (general term to 
bring into order, regulate: disciplinam, 
Lie. ; litem, Cic ; res publicas, Hor.) : in 
ordinem adducere, redigere: disponere 
(to dispose, according to a plan, in vari- 
ous places) : digerdre, in ordinem digere* 
ro (to disoibute. so that what belong togeth- 
er may be placed together, and each group 
be separated from the rest : Jus civile in 
genera, de) : dispensare (to distribuu 
proportionaulv) : componere (to arrange, 
so that the whole may present a pleaswg 
a m e a r an ee): collocare, constituere (to 
ja) : describere (to sketch, arrange by a 
written order, describere classes centuri» 
aaqua ex censu (Liv.): explicare (un- 
fold f to arrange a confused, entangled 
mass). To a^ust hair, cauiHum corn» 
ponere; crines or capiHos difrerere (t) ; 
capillos disponere (Ov.) ; capillM come» 
re : comam in gradus formare, frangero : 
the folds of a mantle, Sec, collocare chla* 
mydem ut apte pendeat (Oo., Met., % 
7!a) : componere pallium or pidlam (Jbr 
chlamj^dem, palliimi, vid. Mantle). To 
«uljust Ofnets ageirs, rem femiliarem con- 
stituere ; res suas ordinare ; res familia- 
res componere : a plan of military opera- 
tions, totlus belli rationem describere : a 
merchant's or tradesman's ^fairs, alicu- 
jus negotia explicare : limits, boundaries, 
fines constituere, terminare. To adjust 
dilutes, controversias componere (<^), 
\\ Adapt one thing to another, ac* 
conuDodare aliquid alicui rei or ad aU- 
quid .: facere or efficerc at liquid con- 
grOat or conveniat cum re. Vid. Adapt. 
ADJUSTER, ordinator, dlspositor (both 
in the Silver Age) : qui aUquid ormna^ 
disponit, diit^rit, ^c. 

ADJUSTMENT, ordinatio: eonstitutio 
(e. g., reli^onum, Cic) : institutio (e. g^ 
rerum, Cic) : accommodatio (rei ad ui- 
quid). Or by cncv. with verbs under Ad- 

ADJUTANT, a4J&tor tribflni miUtum 
(afler OrelL, Insc, 3517, iP*«re adjutor 
comicularii) : * a4Jutor castreosis [opiio 
zziprps» sergeant]. 

ADMEASUREMENT, dimenslo : asslg- 
natio (allotment ; e. g., agrorum. Cic). 

ADMENSURATION, dimensio (meas- 
urement) : assignatio (allotting, allotment. 
Obs., not attributio, which is die act of re- 
ferring any body to some other person for 

ADMINISTER, administrare (to man- 
age or administer any thing : negotium, 
rem, bollum. rempublicam, magistra- 
tnm) : fungi aliquA re (to perform any 
thing thoroughly, and to orufs own satis- 
faction : munere, officiis, honuribus) : ge- 
rere (to bear, to carry on ; with reference 
to one's conduct in power: magistratun^ 
imperium, bonores, rempublioim, rem, 
rem bone, mslc) : preesse alicui rei (to 
preside over tf) : procurare (to manage 
any thing for another in his absence). 
\\ Afford, VID. II Contribute to, Vn>. 
Phb. Co administer an oath to any body, 
alicui Jusjurandum deferre (to put hhn on 
his oath ; to tender an oath to him) : Ju- 
rejurando aliquem astringere, obstringo- 
re, obli^re (to bind any body by oaUi). 
To administer physic to any body, dare al- 
icui medicnmentum (ad or contra ali- 
quid) : medicamentum potui dare alicid 
(if it is a draught) : adhibdre medidnam 
alicui (to employ it in any bodies case). 
To administer poison to any body, rcni- 
num alicui infundere. To administer the 
sacrament of the Lord's Supper, * celebraro 
eucharistiam. To administer justice. Ju- 
dicium facere (of coming to a decision in 
a particular case) : Jus dioere, dare, red- 
d«re (general term for pronaundng sen- 
tence, espscieiiy eftieprator, astd govern' 



mm of fn rntn m y. jodiciaat ezqroira <<• 
pw t dt over • jmSdmL hnt t t i g a t ion, a» 

ADMINISTRATION, admioiftntio 
{gmerml ttrm; e. ^ reipoblicv, prtttdii 
nvtici, Ac) : ftmctio Qnf/tummmt of Uu 
•Uigaiion» Imid «yo» on4 bf am/ tkimg^ 
kononim, ike) : procarfttio («oiu^mmkI 
fat mmctker t» Aw mb$eme* ; e. g^ alienop 
mm booomm). H Body intrugttd 
with th* management of « nation'e 
affair t, *qui toCi rdpabUee adminis- 
tnndm pnepodci sant : * qui prvfecti 
■mx rebus pubUcu : * rerum patmcarum 
cnntoTM : procaratores regiU, or qui in 
proctmtione re^ sunt (i. e^ who rulein 
A» nmma of a ktng who w a minor, imb4- 
die, Jcc). li Task or office of man- 
aging a nation*» affaire, adminia. 
tratio rripQbtic» ; negotiapubiica; aam* 
Ba imperii, renun. 

ADMINISTRATOR, adminiacrator : 
procurator (aMn^ar for another) : qai 
aKquid adminiwtrat. alicui rei pr»^ &c. 

ADMIRABLE, ^worthy of admira- 
tion, admintfinne dignut ; mirandua : ad* 
BuraiMiiu; mirabilia; adznirabiUa. ||£x- 
eellent, ^regina, eximiua, excellena, 
praodlena, prootana» pnwrtabilii. [Stn. 


ADMlRABILrrY, ^..1«^*««^ 


ADMIRABLY, ^in a manner that 
call» for admiration, admirabiliter : 
admiraBdim in modom. H WondaftUiw, 
mirom in modnm : mirom quantum <m 
an eatraordimmry manner or aegree). Ex- 
eellentlf, admirabiUler : egregie; exi- 
mae; exeeUenter. 

ADMIRAL, praioetua daaaia ; dux 
pnefectnaque daacia; qui claaai pnwat 
T» make anf body an admiral, prarponere 
aliqaem navibaa ; prsfioere liiquem claa> 
A. To he am admiral, daaai prsesae, 
p r gpo d t a m eaae ; toti oflScio OMoritimo 
prvpoiitom eve. Tke odrntraT» »k^ 
nofia pmuain. The odatiraF» ^agj * in- 
iigne oaria prstoria». 

ADMlRALSaiP, summa imperii mari- 

ADMIRALTY, toti officio mariOmo 
pnepofliti (Cat»., B. C, 3, 5). 

ADMIRATION, miratio, admiratla To 
ewdu admuradon, admirationem facere, 
cffieere: admirationem habdre (admira- 
tioiiem moT^re. to ezeite aetoni^^nent, of 
thing»). To he odud wt(A admirotimt, 
adimntk» me capit or inceaait VmU of 
admiration (aotoniehwtent)^ miralmndua. 

ADMIRE, mirari (wonder at oomething 
new, etrange. Sec) : admirari (pppoeed to 
contemDere, to regard eomething with ad- 
miration a» being great or good) : suapi- 
cere (f* Undt np to with a »en»e ofinfkrior- 
' f^ To admire exceedingly, reheroenter 
To he admUred, admiratione 
to he mnch admired, in magnA ad- 
one eaae. A «Ma who mcak» with 
dofm en ce and wiedom ie grtathi adwured, 
magna eat admiratio copioae et aapienter 
dieeatia. fi OoUoqniaUy=ito he in love 
with, amore alicujua tcneri or captum 
eaae; at^oem in amore habdre ; amare. 

ADMIRER, admirator. To be a great 
admirer ofawf body, admiratione celebra- 
re alioaem. ^ Lover, amana (on« who 
really (ooe^ : amator (one who ad» a» if 
he loud, whakrr he doe» or not : aprofe»»- 
aiJaoar): 4^a lAtiif, amana, amicus, ama- 
tor dicigaa rd (the amator ehowing hi» 
foeting by hi» aaion») X cultor alicujua rei 
(pme who ekom» a high e»timation of it) : 
allcnjaa ret (taking a lively in- 
inO): cooaeetator alici^jue rei Cpur- 

ADMIRINGLY, in admirantia modnm. 

ADMISSIBLE, accipiendns : dignua qui 
(qi«s, quod) acc^piatur (acceptatnlia only 
eceletiameaf) : probabilia, probandna 
(minting Offrdhmtion of) : asquna, com- 
(fair: of pro p oeal», condition», 

t) : Bcftna (allowed), H fThat ought 
t9 oe conceded, concedendua. 

ADMISSIBILITY, JHworthine»» of 
hming received, oo m e ti me» *commoaa 
radio, Mmmoditaa (agreeahlene»». enita- 
Ucaeaa): aBquitaa (Jaime»») : probebiUtea 
ideeek ef taprobaiion). But moetbf by 
to daui tka mdmiaoibility of any 

Iking, Mm aoeipieiidam 
mieoibiiity of amy body» evidence^ fidea (m 
far a» it deierve» credU) ; graritaa (»o far 
a» it ha» weight). 

ADMISSION. llUe being admitted, 
or privilege of being admittetl, ad- 
miaaio (poet-Angnatan, 3u priviUge of an 
andienoe wiA the em p e r o r, 6te.) ; acfitxu. 
7b pray for admieeion, *peto ut inCromit- 
tar or recipiar. There u no admi»»ion, 
nemini aditua pateL Toprocureany body 
admi»»ion to any bode or any thing, alicui 
aditum patefacere ad aliquem or aliquid. 
The admi»»ion of light, admiasua aolia. 
To refuoe any body admieeion, alicui adi- 
tam negare; alicui aditum conreniendi 
non dare (to refuee him an audience) : ja- 
nuA prohibdre : aliquem aditu janu» arc£- 
re : aliquem exclndere. \\Concee»ion, 
oonceaaio. Thi» admieeion being made, 
quo conceaao: quibua conceaaia. See 
what an admieeion I mah» uou, L e., wUk- 
out eomvuUion, videte quid Tobla largiar. 

ADMIT, intromittere, admittere : red- 
pere, exdpere (to receive) : eonutinte» in- 
fundere (to allow to flow inj eg,, hominea 
hnmiliores in alienuntgenua, Cic : agmi- 
na in Gmdam, CurL). To aMt the ene- 
uey into the town, boeti patefiM^ere urbem; 
hoatem in urbem accipere. Not to admU 
anu body, aliquem intn^a profaib«re, ali- 
cui introitom pr»cludere (general term, 
to prevent from entering). Vid. •* refuee 
admieeion,** under AnmMtoit. To ad- 
mit «my body, alicui aditum dare, aUqoem 
admittere (general term) : alicui aaitnm 
conreniendidare ; alicui copiam aui dare 
(to grant an aiudienct). Peraon» of the 
loweet rank are admitted to hien, nemo tam 
humilia eat, cui nan aditua ad eum pateat 
NTo concede, concedere: largiri (to 
concede gradoudy, without compuUion): 
fateor (oppoeed to celare, diedoee any 
thing) : confiteor (oonfee» in eoneeguenee 
of gueetion», menace», coauntltion) : dare 
(to preeent an opponent with it a» a prelim- 
tnmry conceetion). Do you admit thatf 
Stc^ daanet with ace. and inf. Who ban 
heeitate to adaut thi» t quia noc non dede- 
ritf Ifyeiu admit thi». you mu»t aUo ad- 
mit the former, date hoc, dandum erit 
illud. AdmU thi» to be »o, or to be the 
caee, ait aane; fac or demua ita eaae. 
II j{dmit, admit capable ofreceiv- 
ink, »>{ferifig, dx. [Vid. Surneitl To 
atbmt of »ome excuee, habere aUquU ex- 
cuaationia. To admit of no delay, dila- 
tionem non pati; dUatlonem or cuncta- 
tionem non redpere (both of thing»), 
Thi» admit» of no doubt, de hoc dubnari 
non poteft 

ADMITTANCE. Vid. AoiOMioif. 

ADMIX, admiacdre aliquid aUcui rd: 
or aliquid aliquA re; or cum aliquA re 

ADMIXTION. )admixtio (a» action): 

ADMIXTURE, jadmixtom ar rea ad- 
mixta (a» thing). 

ADMONISH, monere. admontre, to 
any thing, aliquid or with nt (to warn by 

ruUing to a man*» rea»on andfudgment ; 
latter, vto»tly, by muting hm in mind 
of»ometiUng paei) : nortan, adhortari (to 
appeal to hi» will and resolution, mo»tly 
from a friendly motive, and by pointing 
out the advantage» of the prtmooed line vf 
conduct : to exhort) ; to any thing, aliquem 
ad aliquid (in aliquid not good) or with ut 

ADMONISUER. monitor, admooitor: 
bortator, exhortator (exhorter, encoura- 

ADMONISHMENT, )monitio. adraoni- 

ADMON ITION, 5 tio : monftua. ad- 
monStua (only in eAL): a» thinr, moni- 
turn, admonitnm : hortatio. exbortatio. 
SvN. in Admonish. Not to Helen to any 
body*» atbnonitiori», aliquem monentem 
non andire. To li»ten to any bod^» wiee 
admonition», *audire or &cere ea. quas 
quia aapienter monuit : by my admoniuon, 
me monente: for your admonition, tui 
monendi oausA (or unth parKp., e. g., te 
moniturua hnc dico). 

ADMONITIONER, prpe„ admonltor 
non uimia rerecundua (Cic, Fam.. 9, 8) : 
oenaor, or censor caatigatorque : patmna 
(unde ; eo u»»d proverbially, Mor,, Sat,, SL 

ADMONITORY, mooitoriaa (Sen.). 


ADO, jitroubl», difficulty, 
tium: with much ado, rix, »gre, asger* 
rime, magno labore, moUo negotio. muHA 
operA. muUo labore or audore. To hatv» 
niuch ado, to enffer, aagre or oigerrime ali* 
quid pati : to compel thewt, plurimum ne» 
gotii habere, nt oogam. tec. : to get than 
aero»» the river, a»gerrime conficere ut 
flumen tranaeant There wa» much ado 
to get it done, difficulter atque sgro AebtiL 
\\Bu»tle, tumult, tnrba or tiu'b» (««{• 
doia), tamultna. To make much ado, tu- 
multum iikoere. tnmultoari: about noth- 
ing, exdtare flnctua in aiomUa ut did» 
tur (Prov. Cic, de Ltgg., 3, 16^ 36) ; magno 
conata moimaa nugas dicere (if in word». 
Ter.). H With no more ado, aiae morA or 
dilationc ; atatim. 

ADOLESCENCE, adolnaoentia (f¥om 
17 to 30, or even 40). Vid. Youth. 

ADOPT, adoptare (a mi$u>r) : arrogare 
(an older pervonj who may even be thtfte- 
ther of a family), H Impbofs.. To adopt 
a retoluaon, conailium capere or inira 
^laciendi aUqaid ; or with ut, or tn/*. ; or 
de aliquA re) : conatituere (to revolve, to 
fix). To adopt a reading, lectionen^ 
acriptnram reciperc. 

ADOPTER, adoptator (QelL, U^ 
Dig.) : arrogator (Oq;,, Ulp.) : pater adop> 
tirua (Ulp.X 

ADOPTION, adoptio: arrogatio (Stx. 
in Adopt). 

ADOPTIVE, adoptlvua. (dc; e. g., 

ADORABI^ renerandua, TenerabiUa: 
aancte venerandua : aanctuai 

ADORATION, venoratio ; adoratio 
(early, and in Livy, 4ec.) : cultoa. Vid. 
Ado ax. 

ADORE, Tenerarl, adorare (the latter 
the stronger, not need by Cic: both with 
the addition qfni deum, when epoken of a 
man to whom divine honor i» paid). H /s 
a wider »en»e=ito love and honor, co- 
lore (e.g.. afemaU). 

ADORER, Tencrator (poetical, Ov.): 
cultor. A ualou» or conetant adorer, as- 
aiduoa cultor. U O/ a female. Sec, cul- 
tor (Ov.). n have many adorer», im 
magnA admiratione eaae. 

ADORN, ornare (general term) : deo6- 
nre (oppoeed to what i» ordinary^ or un- 
eeemly : ornare, oppoeed to what i» paltry 
and ituomplete. Dig.)', exortmre (to dree» 
or deck out: also of adorning a »peeek)i 
diattnguire (to relieve, by ornament» placed 
here and there : aleo of a epeech) : odmere 
(to dre»», L e.. arrange ornamentally; e. 
g., the head, hair: aleo, figuratively, a 
epeedi). With any thing, ornare, exoma- 
re, diatinguere, or diatmguere et omara 
(sea before), aliquA re : excoldre aliquA re, 
or omato alicujua rei (to embellieh with) ; 
e. g.. th€ waUe with marMe», parietea mar- 
moribua; a room with picture», enbyevivan 
tabularum pictarum omatu. To adorn 
oni» »elf, ae exomare (to dre»» myadf 
out). The htaren adorned with etare, coa- 
lum aatria distinctum etomatum. \\Be 
an ornament to, decori, omamento ev- 
ae : decua afferre (all alicui or alicui rd). 

ADRIFT. CBCL., according to the mean- 
ing, fluctibua or tirmpcstate Jactatua ; in 
aaJo fluctuana (Cic) ; detersia remis ; nut- 
lo gubemante; gubemacAlo non habHia 
or * inhabilia (Vdlei., "neoue habilem go- 
bemaculo") ; afllictua. |IFio„ To run 
adrift ^ to wander without guid- 
ance (of the mind. Sec), vagari errore; 
▼Agari et erraro. 

ADROIT, dexter (prpn., po8t-Augn»tan 
inproee) : ingeniosua (/(nti2« in expedient», 
in new idea») : aollers (pooaeeeing practi- 
cal geniu» and inventwe power): adtua 
(having tact, mother-wit, and the faculty 
of combination) : calUdua (clever from ai> 
quired knowleage of men and the world) : 
catna (diacovering and knowing eecret 
way» and mfon») : prudena (natmralluju- 
didou») : perltua (aUcH^ia rd, »killed im 

ADROITLY, dextre (Ldv.), aoHertsr. 
ingenioae, oominode, adenter. perlte, doe- 
te. More adroitly, dexterius (Hor.). JXt 
managed the aSeir» «o adrakliy, thmt-^rtm. 
— ita dexter cgit, ut (Liv.). 

ADROITN^S, ingenii dexteritaa, or 
dexteritaa only (ad aUqoid, Liv., tftmxim 



eonduet Umard otkertf in Hu tenn qf 
" adroitnestf* generaUy, it it not LaL): 
•oUertia, calliditas, prudentia, peritia : in- 
genium ad aliquid aptum or habile {natu^ 
ral adroitneM, in a particular raipeet). 
8tn. iff Adkoit. 

ADRY,^itien8. To be adry\ sitlre. 

ADSCITITI0U3, adacltut or asdtoa 
{partcp^ oppoud to nativiu). 

ADSTBJCTION, a«trictio (adttrin^ent 
power, Plin^. 

ADULATION, adulatio, asaentatio. 
rVid. Flattcby.) Servile adulation, blan- 
ditiw Temiles {»uck a$ tlava brought up 
in their maater'» house ueed, Toe., Hlat^ 
59 4). 

ADULATORY, adulatoriut (Tae.\ adu- 
labilis (2ate, Ammian.) : blandiens, blondua. 

ADULT, adultojB ; adult» etads ; adul- 
tA ntate. An adult, pubes. 

ADULTERATE, e, corrunipore {atr- 
rvpt by. an itOemal change of quality^: 
vittare (general temt, to meJcefauky, epotl ; 
e. g., pecimioB, merces): aoulteraro (to 
introduce u)hat i$ bad or epuriou» into 
foAof ie good and genuine ; e. g., nutnmoa, 
gemmaa) : interpolare (to g^ive any thing 
a good appearance by dreeatng it up ; wm, 
additions ; 6. e., mercet : to falsify a doc- 
vmeia by adduione and erasures) : tran- 
scribere (to falsifu in copying). \\ Com- 
mit aduiterp adolterium facere, inirOi 
committere, &c. Vid. Adultery. 

ADULTERATE, Jcomiptus, ritia- 

ADULTERATED, 5tua, adulteratua, 
Ac Vid. Adulteratk, «. Adulterated 
money, nxunmxu adullerinus (a coin of 
adulterated metat). 

ADULTERATION, adultoratio. [VW- 
atio (post- Augustan, and very rare: cor* 
raptio, Cic twice, but very rare)] Depra- 
vatio (Cic, otherwise rare). 

ADULTERER, adulter (ftotx^i): alie- 
narum c'orruptor fcminarum (seducer of 
other men's wtves). \\Adulterer of coin, 
adulterator (monSt». Claud., Saturn., 



iDULTERESS, adult«ra (jtoixdi). 

ADULTERINE, adulterfnus; adulter- 
{no sanguine natus (Plin.). 

ADULTEROUS, adulter, a, van. To 
have had adulterous intavourse with any 
bodifs w\fe, adulterio cognoTlaae alicujua 

ADULTEROUSLY, *more adultero- 

ADULTERY, adulterium. 7b commit 
adultery, adulteraro : adulterium inire, 
committere, facere : conjugii fidem viola- 
re (to break on^s marriage vow: all of 
single acts) : adulteria exercftre (of tne 
habit) : with any bodfs wife, iJiciOus uxo- 
rem adulterare, or adulterio cognoscere. 
Taken in adultery, in adulterio deprchcn- 
•us: in stupro comperta (of a female). 

ADUMBRATE, adnmbrare (more than 
to draw an outline, tke outline being sha- 
ded, Freund : also, to give an imperfect 
rrpreaentation in words) : delineare (to 
draw an outline). Pna., formam ac gpe- 
ciem alicuJuB rci adumbmre: tantum- 
luodo summaa attingere (opposed to res 

ADUMBRATION, imago adumbrata 
(opposed to effigies eolida et express») : 
adumbratio (act, and thing formed : also 
impropr., imperfect representation in words, 
an attempt, opposed to pcrfectio). 

ADUNATION, adunatio (rery late, Cy- 
prian) : eonjunctio (Cic., joining togeth- 

ADUNCITY, adnncitas (e. g., rxMtro- 
rum, Cic). 

ADUST, exustus (burned or dried up ; 
e. g^ ager) : adusttis (burned or scorched 
by the »un; hence embrowned, brown; 
adustns color) : concipicndo igni aptus 
(inflammable) : facUis ad exardencendum 
(easily ignited) : sometimes fragilis (easily 
broken jrom being dry). 

ADVANCE, TIL, ||iilov« forward, 
propr., promo^re (a camp, troops, chess- 
men. See.). WPromote to honor, all- 
qnem augfire, toUere, attoUero (to raise a 
DMff to posts of honor in a etate) : fov^re 
(to show favor to by ontfs acta) : omare, 
exomare (to disthiguieh) : gratiA et auc- 
toritatB tuA tustentare (support by on^s 
hi^uence). in. augere ^que omare : an- 


gSro et adjoTare ; fov6re ac toHere ; stu- 
tin£re ac fovfire. To advance to any thing, 
producere ad dignitatem (to raise to a post 
of honor) : promov§re ad, or in munus, or 
ad locum (to advance to off office : time of 
empire. Not promoTgre alone) : muneri 
prieficere (set over any thing) : munere 
omare. To advance any boefy to d higher 
rank or office, aliquem promovSre ad (in) 
aznpliorem gradiun, aa ampliora officia. 
\\ Forward: to advance any body's in- 
tercets, servire alictgus cotauiodis ; rebua 
or rationibus alicujus consulore or pro- 
spicere. The interests or welfare of a state, 
saluti reipublica» consulere; rempubli- 
cam juvarc, tueri ; reipublics salutem 
suacipere. A study, stuoiis favgrc, studia 
concelebrare (by pursuing it eagerly : of 
severalpersons, Cic, Invent., 1, 3, 4). || E n- 
largc, promovgre (e. g., imperium, mce- 
nia, &c.). To advance any bodies fortune, 
alicujus fortunaip amplificaro. \\ Adorn, 
Vid. \i Accelerate, accelerare aliquid 
(to hasten any thing) : maturare aliquid, 
or with inf. (to endeavor to bring that to 
pass which should be performed now) : re* 
praaaentare aliquid (to do without delay, 
even btfore the time) : precipitare aliquid 
(to hurry it on too niuch). \^ Propose, 
bring forward. See. To advance an 
opinion, sententiam dioere (to give or de- 
clare an opinion) ; tu6ri (to maintain it) ; 
aperire (to open or disclose it), &c. || Pay 
in advance. Vid. Advance, s. 

Advance, intbans., || to come for- 
ward, procedere (general term: also of 
a player) : progrddi (also of a general) : 
prodire (to come forth ; hence, also, to pro- 
ject). \\ Of an army, vid. Mabch. 
\\Make progress, procedere, progredi, 
procedere ct progredi, profiocre : in any 
thing, in re ; processus (never in the Golden 
Age profectum) facere in re. To advance 
in virtue, prqredere ct progredi In virtute ; 
progrcssionem &ccre ad rirtutem. 

Aj>vance, «., progressus, progrosslo 
(propr. et impr.) : processus (improper), 
if Money paid or received in ad- 
vance, *pccunia in antecessum data or 
accepts, respectively. To pay any body in 
advance, pecuniom alicui in antecessum 
dare. \\A step forward, as it were, to 
tneet a lover and fix his attention : perhaps 
the nearest notion is blandimentum, blan- 
ditiaa. To make advances to, pctere : 
pfp»-, per blandimcnta adiiredi (used by 
Tac of a mother toward Her son) : pelll- 
cere (ad sese) aliquem, or alicujus ani- 

ADVANCE-GUARD, primum agmen. 
Antccursorcs or anteceseores agminis 
(small detachments, sent forward to observe 
the enemy, fix upon the ground for encamp- 

ADVANCER, adjator alicujusj-ei (help- 
er, promoter) : auctor alicujus rei (tlu ad- 
viser and principal promoter) : minister 
alicujus ret (assistant in a bad action ; 
accomplice^ cJtettor) : fautor alicujus or 
alicujus rei (favorer, supporter). 

ADVANCEMENT, \\promotion, pre- 
ferment, dignitatis succeesio : ofticium 
amplius. To hinder any body's advancc- 
nunt, aditum ad honores alicui interclu- 
dero. TV) receive advancement, honorc 
augcri ; muneri prtefici (of advancement 
to a particular office). Further adcance- 
ment, promoveri ad (in) ampliorem era- 
dum, nd ampliora officia ; ascpndcre (ad) 
altiorem gradum. J^rom any body, by any 
body's interest or support, per eJiquem; 
alicujus beneficio ; auctum adjutumque 
ab aliquo. || Vid. Advance. 

ADVANTAGE, commMum (advant- 
age : also of the advantages belonging to 
an cffiee) : utilitas (serviceable» ess, adrant- 
age to be derived from any thing) : iruc- 
tus (the produce of any thing, the profit 
we derive from a harvest, poi^session, busi- 
ness, &e.) : lucrum (opposed to damnum : 
gain, generally): qutef^tus (gain sought 
for ond earned by trade or any continued 
labor) : compendium (a saving : accord- 
ing to DOderfein, " a single gain of consid- 
erable amount .•" opposed to dispcndium) : 
emolumentura (euxording to DOderL. ** op- 
posed to detrimentum : gain falling to 
on^s share without any exertion of an^s 
own:"* all tke other authorities make it the 


opposite: "gain designedly aUned at, and 
obtained htf our own exertions:" nulla 
emolumenta laborum, Juo.). Advantage 
of ground, loci opportunitaa. To derive 
advantage from^ umitatem or fructum ox 
aliquA re capere or percipere : lucnun^r 
quwstum ex aliqu& re ulcere. It is of 
advantage to me, est e re me&; est m 
rem meam ; est mihi utilitatL 7V> be of ad- 
vantage to, utilem esse, usui esse, ex usu 
esse (to bs serviceable) : utilitat^m or usum 
preeb^re, utilitatcm afferre : prodesse, 
conducere : to anjf body, esse ex usu 
alicujus : esse ex re or m rem alicujus 
(of a thing) : alicui prodeese, &c. (ofpcr- 
sdhs and things). To do any thing with 
advantage to himself, aliquid ad suam uti- 
litatem facere. To have an eye to his own 
advantage, aliquid ad fructum suum rc- 
ferrc : privato tuo commodo servire (^ 
the habit). To have a keen or sharp eye to 
his own advantage, ad suum fructum cal- 
ibre or calif dum esse. \\Superiority, 
principatus, prior locus : exceUentia, pne- 
stantia (excdlence). To have the advant- 
age of any body, aliquo potior^m, prio- 
rem esse; aliquem antecedere. In any 
thing, aliqud re prnstare alicui or supe- 
rare, vinccre aliquem. WCireumstan' 
ces of advantage (as properties): vir- 
tus (any. mental excellence) : bonum (any 
gpod iking, valuable property) : laus (any 
property that deserves praise rn Ae eyes of 
another^. External advantages, externa 
bona; bona in specie posits. Advanta- 
ges of mind and body, bona anirai et cor- 
poris. II The advantage was with the Ro- 
mans, L e., the victory, res Romana 
erat superior. In the skirmishes the Oa- 
bini mostly had the advantage, parvis pros- 
liis Gabina res plcrumque superior eraL 
WOpportunity of gain unfairly 
taken : to take advantage of any thing, 
ex aliqu& re suam occasioncm pt^tere (e. 
g., ex ii^mmddo sUciijus) : aliquid queas- 
tui habere : aliquid in suum turpissimum 

Juasstum conferre (of several things, Cic). 
To advantage: to appear to advant- 
age, plac6re ; solito maeis placfire, Sic, 
Not to appear to advantage, panim pla- 
c6re; sohto minus placerc; dipplicdrc. 
To be dressed to advantage, vestiri honeste 
(opposed to quod satis est : vestiri mid.). 
\{ Advantage-ground, locus opportfl- 
nus: loci opportunitaa : Fio., locus excel- 
sus ct illustns (Cic). 

ADVANTAGE, t?., prodfsse (to be or 
make for any body : opposed to ot>e»>e, to 
meUce against him: aa nliquid) : condtf- 
cere (to contribtue to his mivantage: ad 
or in idiquid : onl^ in 3d sing, and plur.) : 
expedire (to extricate ; hence to be of eid- 
vantagc in difficult circumstances : ad ali- 
quid) : esse ex usu «licujus, esse ex re or 
in rem alicujus (ta be for his interest). To 
advantage any body little., loui^e alicui 
abcsse (of a thing). \\ Intr., utilem esse : 
Usui esse : ex usu esse : utilitatem or 
usum prffiberc ; utdlitatem afforre : pro- 
desse, conducere. 

ADVANTAGEOUS, quiBstuoaus (bring- 
ing rich profit ; e. g., mercatura) : lucro- 
Bus (gain fid: of gain accruing from tke 
thing itself; e. g., fraus): ntiliis (serrice- 
able for the pierpoae of gaining an advant- 
age) : all three also ; to any body, tdiciii : 
comm5dus (convenient, serviceable) : op- 
portunus (conveniently situated or circum- 
stanced for assisting in the attainment of 
an object ; of time and place) : liructuosus 
(bringing profit to be enjoyed) : snluber, 
sahit&ris (heakky : sdluiary). \\To be 
advantaeeous. Vid. Advantaob, r. 

ADVANTAGEOUSLY, utfliter, bene, 


ADVENT, adventus (arrival, coming). 
The first Sunday in Advent, dominica pri- 
ma Advcntiia (EccL — Cat&ih. ConciL 

ADVENTITIOUS, adventicius or -tiua 
(L e., "cxtrinsgcns ad nos perveniena; 
non na«tnim aut nostro labore paratura," 
Em. : opposed to proprius, inn&tus, insT- 
tus). Jn. extemus et or atque adventi- 

ADVENTURE. Vide Accident ; 
Chance. ^Enterprise, pericfthim 


(dam^yr'): alea igtem» of hazard: haxr 
md) : fiftdoiu, fadnus audax {hold dttd) : 
dimicatio fortonw orfortaimrunaf rita or 
eapMf (danger where oiufe property or 
VfeUeA Make). \liAt aU adventure», te- 
mere. ^Strange or remarkable oc- 
emrrence, casoa, *c«siu miiiOcns: res 
nine, mirifica, JnniritaitaB. / met wkk aa 
adtentmref res mtrB, Sc^.^ eTenerant mihL 

ADV£NTL^R£. r. tk^ aliquid in «leua 
dare : ire in alemm alicajna ret (jto peril or 
riek amy thing) : aliqoid anddre (to dare 
«ay thing) : pericftlum atic^joa rei or in 
aliqai re faocre ; aliqaid tentare, experi- 
ri, periclitari (JU> tn/ on^e luck in a danr 
geroma butinea»), JN. experiri et peri- 
clitari On^e Ufe, committere ae pericn- 
lo mortia. Iirrk^ i| aleam sabire, adire : 
ae in casnm dare {to run the risk) : an- 
dire (to dare). 

ADVENTURER, qui tentat ac pericU- 
tator fortonam ; * qm inoerta fata qu»rit 
(ene w&o eedu adventuree) : humo v&gtu 
(a wacndertr from laud to land). 




ADVENTUROUS^ «ndena (JMdy in a 
good «oue, eapedaUif of a single act) : au- 
(hx (f>oUi in good or bad aenae : of the 
habif) : confidens (full of aelf-eoiMence^ 
in a bad aenae) : temerarios (raak). Jn. 
temerarius atqne andax. To be adven- 
tarouSf and&cem or andaci& confidentem 
edae. fiHazardou», dangerous, of 
things, perictdoaoa (full of danger) : an- 
eepc (threatening egual danger from two 
aidea): dobiua («OKArfni, as to hcno it may 
tarn ouC). Jx. periailoaoa et anceps. 

ADVENTUROUSLY, audacter, confi- 
danicr, temere. 

AD VENTUROUSNESS, andentia (bold- 
aeaa aa a laudable apirit of enterprise) ; aa- 
iaidn(boidn*aa,ingoodorbad9enae): con- 
tdan&a (pr eaump tuoua aeJ^-eonfidence) : 
temeritu ijaAnesa). 

ADVERB, adverbinm. Adeerbs of 
fiaee. loci adrerbia (QMrnt). • 

ADVERBIAL^ advcrbii ncem obttneng. 

ADVERBIALLY, adverbialiter (Dhm^ 
Garia^ Priac). To be uaed adcerbiaUy, 
adveti^Ofmm obtindre vicem (Quint.) ; in 
adTertmm traBaire (Quint.). 

ADVERSARIA, ^noie-book^ com- 
mon plaee-book, libelhia: commenta- 
riohun, eonunentarii (rid. SehiUij Let, 
dc^ aub voe. O&a., adversaria ia alao a 
day-book, in whidi accounta were aet 
down ai the moment, to be afUrward trana- 
ferred to the ledger). 

ADVERSARY, adTcrsartna (any oppo- 
nent, in Ae field, potkica, a court ofjudi- 
escure. See.) : qoi contra dicit : qtd con- 
tra difpQtat ((^ponent in a learned argn- 
meni) : qui aiiciii adveryinr (of any op- 
ponaU). In the apeechea of an advocate^ 
the opponent ia moatly designated by iste, 
without any conteatptuoua meaning). To 
be any bod^a adoeraary, alicoi reristere, 
ofai^ere, repagnare (to reaiat by aetiona) : 
sSkm adYersari (to be opposed to any bod^a 

7nnionj «udbas^ vtem). |i//=efi«my. 

ADVERSATIVE, adTersatims (Priae.). 

ADVERSE, lioppoajfe, adversns, con- 
trarioa. Adverse whut, rentos adversus, 
aomr aihi a. To have adverse winds, ad- 
Terab Tentis uti ; ventos mihi adversum 
tenet i Against any body's pur- 
pose and wish, adrersua. Adverse for- 
tune, adreraa fortnna, casas tristis, adver- 
sat. Adverse drcumuancea, res adversas 
iiKommode. ^Peraonally oppoaed, 
adremu (opposiu): infenaos (enraged 
agatnai). is. in&nsns ct adversua. 

ADVERSITY, adreraa (neut. plur., op- 
nosed to seeunda or proapera, unfaoorar 
He eoenta, wketkar happening to inditeidu' 
aia or statea): reAmiversa», fbrtan» a£> 
ficts, /roM aftt cKttoxt fortan» only (un- 
fortunate dremmataneea ; ea^edaUy with 
atfertnce to p to p er t y and dvtl relatione) : 
fortdna adreraa (an wn&appyfata, the re- 
suit of blind chance) : casus adrersua, or 
from tha cantatt c»siu oiUy (a miafirrtune 
Imppvaing to «• indiddtiat)^. oate»Haa. 
(/an accident attended with great loaa or in- 
jwry: alao i» war): nriwria iwretcked- 


neaa cauaed by a long-continued preaaure 
ofevH). Fortuna mala (mil Fortune, con- 
sidered aa a deity) : acerbitatea, '* aour ad- 
versities," Siok. To be in adversity, to 
avffer adversity, in malls esse, jacvro ; in 
molls reraari: in miseri& esse, rersari. 
To suffer much adversity, multum mala- 
rom rerum sustinere. 

ADVERT, aoimom attendere, adrer- 
tere ad aliquid : advertere aliquem : ani- 
mum intendere, or detigere et int^dere, 
i& (seldom sA) aliquid; tenere animum 
attentum, referre animum ad aliqaid; 
cogitationem intendere ad rem (turn 
onis thoughts toward any thing). 

ADVERTENCE or -ENCY, animl a^ 
tentio (Cic): oftener tntentio (bMk, the 
turning the attention toward any thing) : 
dili^entia (the care with which one treats a 
subject) : audientia (attention to a speaker, 
for vAich intentio may be uaed). Advert- 
ence to any thing^ ob^en-atio alicujus rei 
(noting it, obsennng it). 

ADVERTENT, attentus, intentns (wUh 
a mind attentive, or on the stretch) : erec- 
tus (with the mind excited). 

ADVERTISE, \\inform, nundaro aH- 
cui aliquid (announce, by letter or by a 
messenger) : jper nunctum declanire all* 
cui aliquid (fry a messMtger) : certiorem 
facere aliquem alicujus rei or de aliquA 
re (give him certain information : by let' 
ter, per literas) : doc§re aliquem aliquid 
or de re (to give him information) : de- 
ferre, perferre aliquid ad aliquem (to 
convey inforwuuion to any body) : siflnifl- 
care alicui aliquid (to give any body to 
understand t espedaUy under a promise 
of secrecy : to give a hint of any thinf : 
by letter. Uteris or per literas. || To give 
public notice of, declarare (Co an- 
nounce publicly that something is going 
to happen ; e. g., gladiatorial shows, mu- 
nera: o/so ostendere) : predicare (<o jiro- 
claim by a herald: K/jpoTTtiv, i¥cucrip6r- 
Ttiv) : pronunclare (trafayycXAciy, pub- 
lish, cause to be proclaimed by a hentld ; 
e. g., orders, names of the. conauerors in 
games, &c.) : anerire, patefacere (to 
spread the knowleage of). 

ADVERTISEMENT, indidum, signlfi- 
catio (both as the act of giving informa- 
tion and irtformation given) : nuudus(»n- 
formation given, espeeiaOy by a messen- 
ger, but ^o genertUly). WDeclaration, 
public notice, praidicatio, pronunda- 
tio. (Stn. tn Advertise.) ^Admoni- 
tion, monitJo, admonitio (action and 
thing) : monltum, admonitum : preecep- 
tum (as thing). 

ADVERTISER, Index: delator (one 
who gives infdnnation to a magiatrate: 
both o/l«t=proditor) : nundus (one who 
bringa inteaigence). \\Aa name of a 
newspaper, the nearest txpreanion ia acta 
diuma, drum. 

ADVICE, cotunium (general term): 
preBceptum (direc^n given by one quali- 
Jied to teach) : auctoritas (declared opiTt- 
ion of a person of weight and influence). 
To give advice to any body, alicui consili- 
um dare: consilii auctorom esse alicui. 
To give any body good, aound, or sensible 
advice, alicui rectum consilium dare: 
honest advice, fidele consilium alicui dare : 
excellent advice, maxime utilia alicui sua- 
d6re. To ask any hody'a advice, aliquem 
consulere ; by letter, per literas (alao of 
oonaulting physician), petere consilium 
ab aliqno. To follow any bodtfa advice, 
sequi alicujus consilium ; alicujus consi- 
lio uti; alicujus consilio obtemporare. 
To act by any bod^s advice, facere de or 
ex alicujus consilio. By my advice, me 
auctore, suasore, consuasore; me auc- 
tore et suasore ; or me suasore et auc- 
tore ; me suasore et impuUore : me hor- 
tante (by my exhortation). 7\> despise any 
body's advice, alicujus consilium spemerc 
(Oo.); aliquem monentem spemere (if 
it is wamtng advice, Ov.). To assist any 
body with advice, alicui adesse, presto 
adesse, non deesse. \\Deliberati0n, 
Vid. With advice, consilio, consulte (nor 
oonsulto), considerate, remotA temeri- 
t&te. Without advice, sine consilio; in- 
coasiderMe ;. temfire^ j^lntalligenee, 
Vn>< WPrudeni constdsratton, con- 


ADVISABLE, utilis : fruetnofiu (bring- 
ing gain, pr^^fiC) : saluber, salutaris (udtoU' 
some, salutary. Tobeadvisable,yi^taaa. 

ADVISABLENE8S, utilitas. 

ADVISE, consilium dare. To advise 
to any thing, to do any thing, auctorem 
esse alicujus rd or with inf. (qfan advia- 
er whose advice is that principally consid- 
ered) : suasorem esse alicujus rei : sua- 
dere alicui aliquid or, mostly, with ut (to 
advise by aiming at influencing the un- 
derstanding) : hortatorem esse alicujus 
rei : hortari aliquid : hortari (aliquem) 
with' ut (to exhort ; to aim at influencing 
the wilt). Jn. suadere et hortari : auc- 
torem et suasorem gmq ; mondre (to 
give warning advice, appealing to the eon- 
aciouaness emdjudtpneja ; followed by ut, 
nc) : censco (to give it as one^s opinion ; 
with ut, or suifj. without ut). To advise to 
concord, bortw ad concordiam : to peace, 
pads auctorem esse ; paccm suaddrc. / 
advise you to leave off, censeo deeistas. 
II In fo rm, Vid. WCousult, Vid. 

AbVISED, II acM'n^ with delibera- 
tion, Sus. : conidderatus : clrcumspectua 
^ctrcttnts^ect) : cautus (cautious): prori- 
oens, prudens (acting with foresight). 
Jn. prudens et prorldus; prudens et 
cautus. IIDone or chosen with con- 
sideration, consideratus : circumspec- 
tus. Will advised, inconsideratus (of 
person and thing : acting or done without 
deliberation) : temerarius (rash) : incau- 
tus (incautious). 

ADVISEDLY, considerate (oppoaed to 
inconsiderate) : caute (opposed to' in- 
caute): consulto, consilio (considerately, 
with deliberation): do or ex industriii: 
datA or deditA operd (with pains; pur- 
posely). To do any thing advisedly, con- 
sulto et cogltatum facio aliquid ; aliquid 
prudens scienMiue facio. 

ADVISEDNES8, consideratlo, consld- 
erantia (deliberation) : conallium (mature 
deliberation): attentio: diligentia (heed- 
ful care) : cautio (caution), 

ADVISEMENT, Hin/ormotion, Vid. 
WAdvisedness, Vid. 

ADVISER, sunsor : hortator (Syn. m 
Advise) : impulsor (one who urges on) : 
monitor (a warning adviser) : auctor con- 
siUi or consiliorum, or from the context 
auctor on2y (theflrst proposer or principal 
adviser of the plan). Jn. auctor et con- 
suasor ; suasor et auctor ; auctor et im- 
pulsor: consiliarius (^ensroZ <«ra», a conn- 
sellor: one who stands by anybody to assist 
him with his advice) : consiliorum minis- 
ter, or minister only (a subordinate ad- 
viaer"). To be any bodjfs adviser, aliquem 
consiUo regere. To give any body to any 
body aa an advise, aliquem alicui in con- 
silium dare. The peojde has beul adviaen^ 
populus malis utltur minisCris. 

ADVOCACY, adrocatio : patrociniam: 
]m3curatio. (SirN. in Advocate.) || De- 
fence, patrocinium: deiensio: propug- 

ADVOCATE, causarum actor: causid- 
Icxis (general term, a lawyer who managea 
causea: the latter a depreciating term). 
The advocate in a eauae, defensor (ons 
who defenda another in a court cfjuatice) : 
advocatus (the lawyer who assiMs and ad- 
vises any body in the management of hia 
ctutae) : actor (one vAo conducta a judicial 
accusation for any body) : patrdnus causss, 
patronus (the advocate who spoke tn court 
for his client). In private causes, cogni- 
tor (the agent who managed the case of a 
party who has himstif appeared in court) : 
procurator (10AO conducts the case of an 
absent person in his own name). See 
LAwrBA. A noisy or blustering advocate, 
rab&la do foro ; rabula latraUNrque. To 
be an advocate, causas agere, actitare; 
causas dicere in foro; rcrsnri in foro. 
7b be any hody'a advocate, causam dicere 
pro aliquo ; in any thing, de aliquA re : 
defendere aliquem de aliquA re ; alicui 
causte actorem intercedere. To employ 
an advocate, adoptare sibi paCronmn, do- 
fensorem; defeire /Jauaam ad patronum. 
II CAampf on' o/ a cauae, defensor: 
]}ropngnator (o. g., libertatls, Cic): pa- 
trObus (e. g., fbedcrum). 

ADVOCATE,»., pugnare, propugnare 
pro ali<pift re ; defendere aliquid. 


APVOWEE, *patrdnu« : fan. patrtaa. 

ADVOWSON, Jos patrdnatdt (JPwnr 
licet). To have the adoowaont Jus patro» 
natda exerc6re. 

AERIAL, ■firiofl (edBthtg M, or con- 
aisdng of, our denaer atmomhtre) : ntfae- 
ritu (existing in^ or eongUttng of the up- 
per and purer air) : tomttimu» epirabUii, 
nabilis (^ for reiphratum) : ccoleatis (ez- 
itting rHf coming fi'omy &c., heaven). 
WLofty^ afiriiu (jpoOical of mountain*, 
towere^ &c). 

AERIE, nidua. Vid. Nbst. 

AEROLITH, lapia qui cobIo decldit: 
atrolftbus {technical term). 

AEROMANCY, a«romantIa (Teidorue, 
Oris., 8, 9). 

AEROMETER, aBrometron (fedhnical 

AERONAUT, *afiroaautB8 (feehsUioal 


AERONAUTICS, *ara aironaiitica. 

AFAR, procnl (pppoeed to jaxta, at a 
eontiderabte di et anee, but maeUff witkin 
ii^ht): \oage (oppoeedtopropa, ata great 
dutance : moetif out ofgigkl). Both pro- 
col and Iooge=(o a great dietanee and 
from a great dietanee : eminua (oppoeed 
to commlnus : at eueh a dietanee as to he 
in reach onbf of mieeilee) : e longinquo 
(flppoeed to e propinquo, from a reaUff 

eeat distance) : perdnv (jivm a foreign 
id). Td be afar ^, procul w longe 
abesae. To come from afar, e longfaiquo 
venire. TofoUow afar of, magno or km> 
go interrallo aequL 

APEARD, territoa, ezterritoa, porter- 
ritna, trepidna. Vid. Anuio. 

AFFABILITY, affabUitaa ; aiSabflitaa 
■ermdoia : eomkimee civHitaa (jh^ a 
princ^ : comitaa. Stn. in Aftablc 

AFFABLE, affabiHa (pleaeantl^ eon- 
versing with ii^eriore) : cdmia (kind and 
condescending toward inferiora; obliging 
toward equals') : civilia (jaf princes, behav- 
ing toward their subjects as thsir fellow- 
dtitsn,: post- Augustan). [06«., hnmani- 
taa £c a highsr virtue, of which affabilitas, 
comitaa. Sec, are partial manifestations.] 

AFFABLY, alfabilltBr (Macrob.) : com- 
iter. Ver^ affably, affabUiasime (GelL). 
To behave tMobly to every body, erga om- 
■ea ee affabuem preeatare. 

AFFAIR, rea (general term) : negotlnm 
(business). \\ Affair s^zproperty. Sec, 
rea familiaria : rea domeaticn, or domea- 
tlce ac familiarea. The confusion of his 
affairs, implicado rei famlHana. To man- 
age any bod^s affairs, alicajoa negotia, or 
rationea negotiaque procomre. lipoma- 
timies^=.engagemenu Vid. Batixx. 

AFFECT, 9^ \\work or have influ- 
ence upon, Tim habere or exercfire in 
aliomd (vim exaerere is not Latin). 
\\frork upon (move, touch) the mind, 
mordre, commovere, permovdre (gener- 
ed terms) : tansere (to touch, make an tm-. 
vression on ; afiqnem, alicujua animum) : 
firangcre (to raise gentle feelings in any 
body, aliqoem or aJict^jaa animnm) : per- 
entere (to affetx violently) : afflcere, e. g., 
UetiXxi, Toluptnte, See. l"^ Afflcere can 
not properly be used absolutely for affect 
in this sense, but only in such combina- 
tions as, **Your letter affected me 
so," litera tuie aic me anccerant, ut, 
ttc: "they were ao affected,*^ eoram 
animi ita i^ecti aunt, ut, &c: it affects 
me a little, modlce me tangit aliquid : not 
at ally non labdru de re (/ care nothing 
about it; e. g., de alicnjoa morte). To be 
violently affected^ vefacmentius moreri. 
II fTor* upon injuriously, afflcere 
(n. g., hunger, cold, Slc, affect the body) : 
aebltitBro (weaken) : frangere (to oppress 
the mind) : violently, grievously. Sec, con- 
ficero (almost to destroy; especially of 
pain of body or mind). To affect the 
ayes, ocolorom aciem obtandere : the 
add affects any body, *frigiia horrore ali- 
co^ corpua afficit : to affect his body astd 
mind, nervoa mentia et corporia (ran- 
gere: the whole Urer is afftoted, pulmo 
toCoa afBdtor (Ods.). \\Put on the ap- 
pearance of any thing, aimulare 
Jpretsnd) : oatendere : Jaotare : pn» aa 
lerre (to assuwte ostentatiously) : aflectare 
(to strive after any thing too nmeh .■ not 
tiU the SUver Age). To offset tha pkOoaO' \ 


vker in his exterior, phQoaophia atadhim 
nabitn corporia pra» ae ferre : constancy, 
friendship, tears, knowledge t^any thing, 
conatantiKm, amidtiam, lacrunaa, acien» 
tiam rei aimnlare : another person^s gait, 
ineeaeom alicujua inepte exprlmere : a 
serious look, a solemn P<tce, Sue, aliqvia 
aibi vultum, inceaaum flfigit, quo gravior 
videatur. ' \\Aim at, endeavor after, 
aflectare aliquid (to pursue an obiset with 
eagerness; e. g., imperium in Latinoa, 
regnum. Lie. : magniJicentiam verborum, 
Quint.): petere, appetere (aim at, long 
for; e. g., honorea, pmtQram, prin<n- 
patnm eu>quentia, regnom): expetere 
(pursue one object selected from others, and 
therefore the more eagerly, pecuttiam, divi- 
tias) : aapirare ad aliquid (rora : ad ali- 
cujua pecnniam : ad laudem) : captare 
aliquid (try to catch or obtain ; plauaum, 
▼oluptatem) : aequi (to pursue : otium et 
tranqnillitatem vitn, Tirtutem). X^aoper- 
a^qul, aectari, conaectari aliquid ; atuafire 
alieuirei; concupiacero aliquid ; aervire, 
inaervire alicui rei; niti, adniti ad all- 
quid. [Vid. Stkiv».] JliTo be fond of. 
vid. LovR. 

AFFECTATION, affectatio (the endeav- 
or to say or write something surprising. 
V. Bremi ad SueL, Tib., 7) : *inepta imi- 
tatio (insipid, uwnatural imitation)'. iQ- 
epti» (affecUd graces in omfs carriage^ 
manners, Stc) : *putida elegantia (in 
writing): aimulatio (kypocri&al intka- 
tion ofanything). 

AFFECTED, (A) of Me».- putldua 
(one who overdoea the thing ; especially in 
speaking) : ineptua (forced^ : moleatua 
(vextttiously silly) : arte quadam in oaten- 
tationem rirtutum compoaitua: Tultuo- 
aua (grimacing): geaticnlationibua mo- 
leatua (veting one by his gestures, atti- 
tudes. Sec). To be effected in gait, mol- 
Hua incedere (ef a mncing, tripping, rf- 
f sm i na te gaiti : magnlfice Inceoere (of a 
stately one) : in manner, in geatu mollem 
eaaoy geaticnlationibua mofeatam eaao : 
in speuk, putide (in an exaggerated man- 
ner) or inepte (in a forced manner) dicere 
or loquL j) (B) of things, putidua (over- 
done, exaggerated) : moleatua (trouble- 
some) : qutealeua (sought with pains) : aa- 
dtua (borrowed from others, not natural ; 
opposed to natirns). Affected words, ap- 
parata verba. Affected walk, moIUor in- 
ceaaua (Oo., A. A., 906). 

AFFECTEDLY, putide^ inepte. Of 
gait, moUiua (nUndngly, trimingly), 
magnifice (in a stately way). To beheme 
affededJty, * putide ae gerero. Stn. in 

AFFECTEDNESS. See Affbotation. 

AFFECTION. || love, Ac. amor (gen- 
oral term, but esp^iaUy a panionate love) : 
caritaa (any tender, unsensual ^eetion ; 
especially that of parents toward their chil- 
dren : not used of things, except country, 
patriiB or erga patriam, retpublicaj^ : pie- 
taa (dutiful affection, natural affection ; e. 
g., nffection toward Ae gods, oniia rela- 
tions, country, &c.) : benevolentia (good- 
wilt) : atudium, voluntaa (inclination, lik- 
ing for') : indnlgentia (Hutu^ettf «factum, 
ooertooking offences, faults. Sec). In post- 
Augustan prose, affectio (Plin., Tac, Sec) ; 
aifectua (T\us., SueL, QniiU.). Affection 
toward or for any body, amor in, erga, ad- 
vcrsua aliquera ; also amor alicujua ; pi- 
etaa, benevolentia. vohmtaa, in or erga al- 
iquem: atudium in aliquem; also alicu- 
jua. Maternal affection, matemi amoria 
cura : fraternal affection, fratemua amor 
in aliquem. To love «My body witk extra- 
ordinary effeetion, ainsulari amore ali- 
quem amare ; aliquem m ddiciia habere ; 
aummum me tenet alicujua atudium. To 
gain amy body's affection, alicujua amo- 
rem, benevolentiam, voluntatem aibi cim- 
ciliare. To cherish any body's «Section, 
alicujua amorem fovfire ; alicujua carita- 
tem retindre. From affection, propter 
amorem, or benevolentiam; amore iro- 
pulaua, indtatna, ex amore : from pure 
affection, ipa4 aHqni re captna : Jor e^f- 
ftction, pm amore. || Affection for 
a thing, amor, atudium alicujua rei. 
TV» have an affection for aaa thing, alicu- 
jua rei eaae amwitem, atooioaum, appe- 
fientem, cupidum ; alici^ua rd atudio (»• 


n€rl, captum eaae : aometimea aUqnld po- 
tere, concuplacere. [Vid. Inclination.] 
H A atate produced in m body or 
mind, affectio (generally of a temporary 
state, but alao of a permanent one ; e. g., 
afiectio animi conataba, Cic, Std$teti rpv 
XrK) : (animi) affectUa (in the beat pr&aa 
writera only, atau or disposition of mind; 
but in Qutntilian'a time=irdeos; and M 
plur., "the affection^' generally ; also, af- 
fection cf body, Cds.). ||Pa««to« of 
any kind, affectio, affectua (see just ba 
fore) : animi concitatio : animi impetus : 
(stronger) animi perturbatio : motua an- 
imi turbtttua or perturbatua (violent emo- 
tion : animi affectio, the state or disposi- 
tion: animi motua, commotio, orjpermo- 
tio, ewution of the mind generauy). A 
temporary effeetion, temporariua aninil 
motua (vid. Quint., 5, 10, 26). Vehemeni 
or violent affection, acerrimua animi mo- 
tua ; vehdmena animi imp6toa. Vid. Pas- 


AFFECTIONATE, tener (tender; aena* 
itive) : mollia (aoft, gentle) : blandua 
(showing visible signs of flection) : amo* 
ria plenua (fuU of love) : amana (mostly 
with gen. Of a person tenderly beloved ; e. 
g., uxoris) : piua (full of dutiful (^eetion 
to parents, children. Sec) : indulgens (over- 
looking fbults). Jn. amana indulgenaque. 
[(Ms., lUfectuosna, in very late writera : 
Macrob., Cassiod., TertulL] Affeetionata 
upbraidings, molles quereln t to write am 
affectionate letter to any body, literaa amo> 
na plenaa dare ad aliquem : very affec- 
tionate words, verba blandiaaima, aman* 

AFFECmONATELY, blande, amaotsr, 
pie. To look affectionately at any bodyt 
pros., moDi vultu aliqaem aspicere (Ov., 
Mtt., 10, 609) : to behave affeationatcly to- 
ward, alicui multa blandimenta dare. 

AFFECTIONATENESfl, pletaa (<^ee- 
tkmateness as exhibited toward parents^ 
Sec.) : indulgentia (as shown in overlook- 
ing faults, &c) : or by ercL with a^. 

AFFIANCE, fiducia (the proper word) : 
Adea (belief in a man's honesty) : apea fir* 
ma or certa (conjident expectation). To 
have qffiance in any thin^ or any body, 
fidere, confidere alicui rei or alicui : fre- 
tum eaae aliquA re or aliqno (to bnUd on 
any thing) : fiduciam habere alicujua rei 
(to rely confidently on any thing). |j Ma r- 
riage contract, aponaalia. 

AFFIANCE, v., spondere, despond^re 
(alicui ali(^am : deaponsarc, late) : deati* 
nare alicui (jam destiiiHta erat cqiv^o ju- 
veni, PUn.) is post- Augustan in the sense of 
desponddre RJicoL To affiance one's self 
to any body, deapondSre eibi aliquam (of 
the man) ; alicui desponderi (of the wom- 
an). \\ Affianced, spornna; to any body, 
aponsa, deaponsa alicui (of the woman). 

AFFIDAVIT, ^ exactly corresponding 
term: prps., teamnonium (as opposed to 
teatia or prteaens teetia) or teatimonium 
recitatum ("teadraonia qu» redtnri ao> 
lent," Callistr., fHg.) : [* testimonium «f- 
flrmate (=cum jnrejurando) scriptum (f) 
or * conaignatum Uteris teatimonium (f )]. 
Sometimes jusjurandum only, or * fides JQ. 
rejurando data. To make affidavit, *af. 
firmate scriberc (T) with ace and ii^f.i 
jurare : jurejurando firmare. 

AFFILIATION. Vid. Adoption. 

AFFINITY, affinitaa. To make effinkif 
with (Bible TV.), afflnitatem cum allquo 
conjungere ; cum aliquo affinitntc aeso 
conjungcre, sose devinc-ire. Belations 6y 
affinity, afflnes : affinitate conjunct!. To 
be connected by qfinity, affinitate inter ae 
jungi, dcvincTri. \\ Close connection^ 
similarity, cognatio, conjunctio. To 
have an affinity with amy thing, cognatio» 
nera habere cum aUquA re ; propinqutnn, 
finitiAum, propinquum et finitimnm ease 
alicui rd : fA^re w some affinity between 
our souls and the godt^ animus tenetur 
quadam conjunction<^^eenim : ntH to 
bear the kast nffinity t» any thing, remo* 
tisaimum eaae a re. || Power of at- 
tracting, * attrabendi, qn» didtnr, ria 
(provr.): *via ad ae Ulidendi or attr»> 
hendi (impropr.). 

AFFIRM, aio (opposed to nego: o&aot 
or with ace and inf.) : afflrmare (oir.terc 
that something ia ao) : confirmare (^jgain 


mtffmt dk wmntiam h/ rm»on»y. 
^Confirm m oantrmet, tee, jnigmeiU^ 
kc^ Mu>clre (pactum, legem, Soc) ; alico- 
ju rei ■aetorem fieri (e. g^ legii ; o/ its 

eflfeere ; n^toiii eeae juMre. (Vid. Ck>K- 

AFFIRMATION, affirmatio. H Con- 
firmtion (Vn>.) of m taw, &4X, con^ 
Bnuado, anctaritas, fidea, 

AFFIRMATIVE, eieoa (oppoaed to ne- 
gana, **iiegantia cootraxia aientUnu," 
CSc) : affirmana {agaerting that aometking 
i*w:m lata gnrnmajriana, affirmativiu). 
Am «firmatiae a$uttpar, a£Srmatio. 

AFFIRMATIVELY, no exaeO^ com. 
tfamdmg^ word : affirmanter, m Qall^ U 
• «cflk comjiiemct :'* afflrmate, Cic, dco, 
» **poaitimd!f" ** with a» oatkT 

AFFIX, v^ fif^ere, affigere aliqnid allcui 
rei (Join one thtng to anatier ; ate>, with 
maiia^ : aUigare attquid ad rom, annecte- 
» alM|uid ad rem or alicui rei (to bind 
one tiung to mnatkar) : aaauere alicui rei 
ifo adtek, togetktr) : a^utinare alicui rei 
(la glwa togttker) : apponere aliquid aK> 
c«i rd or ad aUquid (the propar word of 
plating on* thing by another) : adjicere 
aiiqaia alicui rei (Co add a attpplam e ntary 
Scc^ to aomething before aaid). 

To ^fit • Jme, alicui muitam dieere (of 
the judge: irrogare, of the aoeuaar). To 
^fix a waam* to «ty tkingy aticui rei nomen 
«r ▼ocabuhim iupcmere : • maaining to a 
word^ verfoo vim, aenteotiam, notionem 

AFFIXION, affixio («oy tau)z aUiga- 

AFFLICT, aagere (tofOl with fear, an- 
gifiak: of future thinga): torquAre, cm- 
dare, excmciaro (to torture^ Ac.) : alicui 
agre £acere : aikui injnriam inurre (cf 
peraona) : aUqnem morddre, pungere (to 
mingf vtXy iect of thinga) : fodicare. fodi* 
care animum ( p r o per lu ^ to dig into ; hence, 
vex, ating) : vezare (to tMx, haraai) : do- 
lorem aucoi &oere, efllcero, alferre, com- 
BOTire, incutere; dolore, aoDicitxidiiie, 
■yitodine, aliquem afficcre. To afiia$ 
amea edf, afflidare ae (Ctc.)f afflictarl 
(Otc), angi; cruciari; laborare; aoUici- 
tarn Mae. TO oJfLkt with diaeaae, morbo 
afiene. Vid. ArrxicTKD. 

AFFLICTED, to bk, dol&re; in ddora 
ease; dcdore ftngi ; in moerore jacere : 
aoffirimdiiiem hab^ , in sollidtndine 
ease; egriCudinem auadpere; sgritndi- 
ne ^d; about amf thing, laborare, aoUi- 
dcum eaae de re ; afflietari de re (Cia.) : 
amdmu et Mdlirttnm me habet alic^uid ; 
e Wa t atuf bodt/, asgritudinem suscipere 
propter aliqnem. |i With diaeaae: 
morbo laborare, affectum eaae, Tezari 
FmL DiUAac. 

AFFLICTED («a «<{/.)' «oUicitua; »gri- 
tudine a&ctua, sger aakoo or animi 

AFFUCTEDNESS. Tid. Affliction. 

AFFLICTER, Texator : afllictor (found 
but once : a peraon who i^jurea or deatropa: 
aflnctor dumtatia, &c>). 

AFFLICTION, \\aubjectivelf aa a 
atau ef wtind : miseria (wratdUdTieaa) : 
agritOdo, egrimonia (oppoaed to alacri- 
tu; aiekneaa efaoulfr^ a aenae of prea- 
enteml: the latter implying that it u an 
abiding eenae) : dolor (oj^poeed to |^ndi> 
KB, a preeent aenae of hirdahip, patn, or 
grief) : triatitia, moMtitia, m. (the nat- 
ural, iuBoluntanf wtomfeatation ofgriep : 
angor (paaaionatef tormenting amrehen- 
aion of a coming evil; aoHicitnap being 
Aa anxioua, unaettUng apprduneion of 
#> : nxoror (ia atronger than dolor, being 
tkefeeixag and ite manifeatation) : afttic* 
talio (:=** aagriludo cum rexatione corpo- 
lit," Ge,) : txtctaa (ia mourning ; L e., ^ 
tomeentional eigne). H Objectively ; 
aa affliction, malum: pbtr. mala: 
■rumna (on oid and half -poetical word ; 
but need Uf Cic^ a hardehip that almoat 
eteeede human aerength): casua advenua, 
ar,from eoutaxt, coma onhf: reaadvora», 
fartimai afflict»: fortnna adveraa: ear 
lanitaa, miatfia, acer b itatca (Srif. in ko- 
VKunr). Tiau of t^Uetion, rea miae- 
na, aflUi^aB, amraatiai tempomm, tempo- 
n lactooaa. Obs., inlbrtnninm is uaad 
if the comic wrUen onbt of a corporeal 
To btim affikiion, in mve- 


riieaae or Tersaritmiadrumaaae: inaum* 
mA infialiritate yeraari : in malia eaae, Ja- 
cere; malia urgeri; in maUfl Teraari; 
peaaimo loco eaae ; inkjuisaimA fortuoA 
uti : angi; angore conflei ; an^ribus pre- 
mi, agi^ri, urgeri ; angi intimia senaibua : 
angore crucian : about aity thing, dolere 
or moarire rem or re; dolorem ex re ca- 

Ere, acdpere, suscipere, haurire ; mo- 
tiam trahere ex re (to feti oppreaeed 
and diapirited bf^ it): in great oJLicUon 
about amf thing, magnum dolorem ex re 
acdpere ; ex re magnam animo molesti- 
am oapere : t» come into ^gUction^ in mis- 
eriam inddere ; in mala prcecipitare : to 
relieve any body from affliction, miserils 
aliquem levare : to deliver him, a miseriA 
▼indicare; ex miaeriis eripere : to endure 
affliction, miseriaa ferre, terumnas per- 
pdd (L cl, patiently to the end). 

AFFLICTIVE, triatia : miser : acerbus : 
Inetuosus: gravis. 

AFFLUENCE, ) diviti» (richea, general 

AFFLUENCY,5 term), eopia rei famU- 
iaris : opulentia (atronger : thepoaa ea aion 
(^ moneif, eatatea. See., aa a meana of ag- 
trrandixing one's adf) : vita boois abund» 
ana. To live in affluence, divitem eaae; 
satis divitem, iic Vid. Affluent. 

AFFLUENT, fortunatus (Cfc.) : abund- 
ana : dives : locuples : satis dives : satis 
locftples (dives, ricA=irAot;frisf, oppoaed 
to pauper : locftplea, wealthy =.i!i^vu6f, 
oppoaed to egens, egenos) : beno numa- 
tus, pecuniosus (honing much monea) : 
ppukutus, copiosus (opulent ; oppoaed to 
inops : rich in meane and reaourcea to ob- 
tain injluence, power, 6cc.) : copiis rei ia- 
miliarifl locuples et pecuniosus. Very of- 
jlti«fit,beatua: penuvestprakllvea: locu- 
pletissimus, opulentisaimus. To become 
an ({ffluent man from a poor one, ex pan- 
pdre divitem fi<Sri : to become affluent, for- 
tunis augert; fortunam ampliflcare: ad 
opes procedere ; locupletari. 

AFFLUX, )afflucntia (act of flaw- 

AFFLUXION,5 ingto). There woe a 
great afflva. of men there, magna erat horn- 
inum eo loco firequentia, celebritas : ^ 
iiMi» to Athena, multi Athenas conlluxe- 
rant. IM» afflux: quod ad aliquem 
or aliqti^ afflnit : allapsus (occura twice : 
serpentium,£for.; fontis, AppuL). Some- 
timea acoessio (tf it meana aomelhing ad- 
dUionat) : of men, concuraua. 

AFFORD. Ij Yield, of the mrth, trtea, 
&c. : ferre, efferre, proferre : fundere : 
effundere (of nature, the earth, a field : 
iimdere «ad cffundere=:yt«{d abundant' 
ly). Afford fruit or produce, ferre fruges, 
or ferre only; fructum afferre; efferre 
(eapeciaUy of ajleld). The tree afforda ita 
fruit, afbor fert WProdueci cauae, 
Sec, afferre (to bring) : facere, efficere 
(to cauu) : erae (wkh daL) : pradstare. 
To affora profit or plearure, utilitatem or 
volnptatem afferre ; usui or voluptati es- 
se : to afford oity body conxinudl jdeaeure, 
volxiptatem perpetuam preBstare alicui: 
comfort, conaolation, aolalium dare, prs- 
bdre, afierre, solatio or solatium esse. 
To afford no consolation (of thinga), nihil 
habere consolattonis : a hope, auquem 
in spem vocare or adducere (adducere, 
alao, of thinga) : of any thing, aiicujua 
rd spem alicui aflerre, ostendere or os- 
tentare ; spem alicajaa rei alicui offerre 
(o/ thingit) ; spem alicui rd pnebere : 
an expectation, exspectationem movdre, 
commovAre, facere, condtare : aseiat- 
once, auxilium or opem ferre alictd 
(againat any thing, contra aliquid) : ali- 
quem operA adjuvare in aliquA re, alicui 
opitulan in aliquA re fadendA, alicvd ope- 
ram suam conuuodare ad aliquid, alicui 
operam prsdbere in aliquA re (to aerve or 
aeaiat in the execution of any thing : the 
laet eapedalUf ofaeaiatanee wtth onea own 
handa). || 7o 6« able to buy with pru- 
dence, *tanti, tam care, tantA pecuniA 
emere poaae : tantam impensam facere 
posse (of a large outlay) : suum facere 
poaae (to be able to make any thing on^a 
own). / can not afford any thing, * multo 
plans est aUqnid, quam nt ego emere, or 
menm faeere, poasim. || To be able to 

aell without loaa or with aufficient 

not aford it for la* 
possum minAris reBoere. 

profit. I can not afford it for lem, non 


AFFRANCHISE. Vid. Faxs, «. 

AFFRAY, V. Vid. Fxioutsn. 

AFFRAY, s., pugna (the general term 
for a fight, whether of two peraon» or 
more) : pugna in arte (vid. Walch, Tac, 
Agr., 36, p. 365) : tumultus (a ^tmultuoua 
concourae, uproar, 6ui.). <. 

AFFRICTION. affridas (Plin.). [Af» 
firicatio (OeZ. AurtLiA 


AFFRIGHT,*. i^, p,^. 

AFFRIGHTMENT. i ^"** '^*^*' 

AFFRONT. IIAfset or ^o to meat, 
occurrere (obviam) : offcndere aliquem ; 
inddere alicui or in aliqnem (by ooci- 
dent) : obviam ire alicui (to go to nteet), 
Vid. MxBT. II Jlf c«( in a hoatila man- 
ner, &c, occurrere, obviam ire (gena^ 
term) : se offerre alicui rei (e. g., pericu* 
lis) : rcsistere ; confidentcr rcaiatere. 
II Of/er an inault to, contumeUam ali- 
cui imponere : aliquem contumeliA inse* 
qui: contomeliis insectari: maledictia 
vexare ((o intuit with insolent worda): 
sugillare (affront acomfuUy, contemptn- 
ouaUf) : offendere aliquem (to affront, die- 
pUaae; whether intentionally or not) : aU- 
quern ignominiA afficere, ignominiam 
alicui imponere, ii^unsere (o/* groa» in* 
aulta, causing public aiagraee). To be 
affronted, ignominiA or contumieliA affid : 
offendi (to fed affronted). To effront wkh 
word», verbis or voce vulnerare, violare a 
contumeliam aUcui dieere. To fed ^f* 
fronted, ii^juriam sibi factam putare: at 
any thing, aliquid in or ad contumeliam 
accipere : * aliquA re se lowum or vi<^ 
tum putare. 

AFFRONT, contnmelia (a wrong dona 
to onia honor) : offensio (a atate ofmorti- 
fed fading ; but alao the act that eauam 
it): ixguria (an effront felt to be a wrong) : 
oppr(A>riam («^Wmt conveyed by rqtroaeh' 
/lU word»). To look iqnn any thing aa 
an <ffront, aliquid in or ad contumenam 
acdpere : ignominiw loco ferre aliquid : 
ignominio or probro habere aliquid. 7b 
put an affront on any body, cmitumeUam 
alicxii imp<Hiere. Vid. Affbont, v. At- 
tack, Vid. 

AFFRONTER, qui alicui ignominiam 
or injuriam injungit 

AFFRONTING, ^contumeliosus: inju^ 

AFFRONTIVE,5 riosus (tfi^arums (• 
ont!» honor): ignominiosus (eauaing a 
haa of reputation, outward rtipect, rank, 
Slc.) : probroeus (attacking onia Moroi 
charaUei^. Affronting worda, verborum 
contumeliffi : voces mordaces or aculea> 
tsa; verborum aculd (atingrng worda). 
To ba of an effronting nature, luibSre all* 
quid offensionis (qfa thing). 

AFFUSK afl'undere alicui (poetical and 
poat-Auguatan proae, Tac, Pltn.) : admli- 
c6re (aliquid aliquA re or alicui rd ; ali- 
quid in alujuem rem (Plin.), cum aUqu A re, 
CoL, to max it with) : supertUndere aliquid 
alicui rei (to pour it tq^on; ehiefy pomcal 
and po»t-Auguatan proae). 

AFFUSION. Crdb^prntcp. TomeU 
any thin^ by an affuawn of wine, Uque* 
£Eicere aliquid affuso vino 0*lin). Soma- 
time» sufinsio (a euffuaion ; a pouring in 
from below : poet-Augustan). 

AFFY. IIBerrotJt, epondere, despon- 
d&re (desponsare, poat-Auguatan, Suet.) 
alicui aliquam. Via. Betboth. 

AFIELD. * in or ad agrum or agroo. 
To go a/ield, *ia agros domo exiro. 

AFLOAT. To make a »hip afloat, na- 
vem deducere. To get a ahip afloat (that 
haa atruek a rock), navem scopulo detru> 
dere (Virg.). 

AFOOT, pcdibns. To go, come, trarel, 
&o., afoM, pedibus ire, venire^ iter facere. 
Vid. on foot, under Foot, 

AFORE. Vid. Befoee. 

AFOREGOING, antecedcns, pnece- 
dens : prior, superior (pr»teritu8 not to 
be used in the aenae cfjuat past, of time). 

AFOREHAND. Vid. Beforehand. 

AFORE-MENTIONED, ) de aUquo sn- 

AFORE-NAMED, } pra comme- 

AFORESAID, ) moravimus; 

quern supra commemoravimus, diximus ; 

a nod supra scripd ; de quo a nobis antea 
ictum est. Alao by iUe only. ^Snpn 
dictus, commemoratus ; pradictus, pr»- 
nomiuatus» VNCUkstiOAL.] In the qforo' 



mtntionedf Sce^ maniur, nt supra dictam 
est; ut supra «cripsL 

AFRAID, aiudus, trepldus (fuU of mx- 
<0(y, confution) : sollicitus (tmxiou$ from 
fttar cfafuturt toU\ : formidiiUs jrf^us : 
terrltus (Jrighuned) : extemtus, perter- 
ritus (dreadfully frightened), jlfrinid of 
tmf thin^, timens, extimescens, reforml- 
dans, Sec., aliquid {ifnparticipU loill euit 
the mtanin^) : aliquA re or metu alicujus 
rel perterritus : sollicitus de re aliqud. 
Ifot ceroid of death, nou timidus ad mor- 
tem : noQ tmiidus mori (voetiaU). || To 
b* afraid, anxium, trepidum, Sui., esse: 
of any thin^, timbre (alic^uem or ali<)uid), 
metuere (auquem or aliquid), extunes- 
cere, pertimescere, verSn (aliqiiem or 
aliquid), pardre (aliquid or ad aliquid), 
borrere, iormidare, reformidare (8ys. in 
Feab) : in metu ponero or habere aliqtiid. 
Jn. metuere ac timere; metuere atque 
horr^rc. Not to be efraid, sine metu (ti- 
more) esse ; metu yacare ; bonum hab^ 
re animum : bono erne animo (to be of 
good eovrogt) : secarum esse (to amprt- 
hend no eUmger). Do not be qfraid, bono 
sis animo ; D<Hxum habe animum; noli ti- 
mdre or laborare ; omitto timorem. Not 
to be afraid of any body or an^ 
thing, contenmere aliquem or aliauid 
(to degpiee). To be qfraid for or about 
any body or any thing, metuo, timeo ali- 
cul (rei), or de aliquo, aliquA re; exti- 
mesco, pertimesco de re, vereor alicui 
reL To begin to be affaid, ad timorem 
se convertere. To be a little efraid, sub- 
timere (of anp tking, tdiquid ; that, &c^ 
ne); subveren (ne, &c.^. To make any 
body (rfraid of one, sui tunorem aliciU in- 
jlcere. Obs. That **not,*' "lest," are 
tranalated by ne after verbt of fearing; 
" that^not," " Uet-^not,*' by ntorne non 
(atronger) ; and that (Ae English future 
becomes in Latin the pres. subi. Vid. Fxab. 

AFRESIi, denuo (vidBev, Ik Katviii, vhen 
u^at had ceased begins again) : de or ab 
integro (ii ^mpx^i» ^^^'^ vAot had <Mb> 
appeared, bten lost, &c., is reproduced by 
the same causes : Silver Age, ex integro) : 
itcrum (a second time) : rursus (again). 
It is often transleaed by re (red) prefixed to 
a verb ; e. g , a sedition breaks out afresh, 
recrudescit. To begin afresh, repetere 
(the proper word) : iterare (for the second 
tme) : redintegrare (quite from the begin- 
ning[) : rctractare (to go over a lesson. Sec, 
again ; think over again) : iterum legere 
(to read any thing again^ for the second 
tme). Obs. not itcratft or repetitA rice. 

AFT, s., puppis. To sit aft, sedftre in 
puppi (Cie,, but figuratively of an ir\fiuen>- 
tial statesman). 

APfER, |l of succession in time, 
post : secunaum (immediately tifier) : stiU 
stronger sub with statim, of things eor^ 
nectea in order of time : a, ab (from : aJUr, 
of what has been done or not done, from a 
point of commencement to be strongly 
marked): e, ex (nearly ^n, ab, but tntt- 
mating a closer dependence of one thing on 
another ; a passing into one state from an- 
other, Sec.). After this, I ask, Slc., secun- 
dum ■ ea, (nuero, Sec After three days, 
post ejus dlei diem tertium: afier three 
years, post tres annos : after some years, 
aKcniot post annos : after many years, post 
tnultos annos (multis post annis= many 
ysors qfter). After any body's eonsnlsh^ 
or prooonsulship, post allquem consulem, 
proconsulcm. A^er (immediatdy c^er) 
the consuTs donation, secundum donatio- 
nem consuUs. Immediately after those 
(letters), yours were read, sub eas sti^im 
recitata» sunt tues (so statim sub mentio- 
nem alicujus). The Germans bathe as soon 
as they get up, Germani statim e somno 
larantur : <nfUr the day, when. Sec, ex eo 
die, quo. See. : one evil qfter another, aliud 
ex alio malum (7%r.) : to go into Qaul 
after his eoneulship, ex consulatu in Gal- 
ham proficisci: day after day, diem ex 
die : diem de die (not de die in diem) : to 
Jnok (y e.. in expectation) day after din, 
diem de die prospectare (ecquod auxiu- 
urn — sppardret (Lw.). Im mediately i^fter 
the baute, confiestim a proelio (redire): 
Homer Heed not very long after them, Ho- 
mema rccens ab'illorum wtate-fuit: the 
hundredth day after the death qf Clodius, 


centAeima lux ab interitu Clodil ; (imms- 
tUately) after that meeting ambassadors 
were sent, ab HIA condone legati missi 
sunt : as soon as I came to Home after 
your departure, nt primum a tuo digressu 
Romam venL One after another, ordine, 
deinceps (in a row) : continenter : con- 
tinue (prm- and post- elastical, unless in 
two passages of €^int^ where the best MSS. 
have continue, Freund : continuous sta- 
tim, nulIA morA intorpositA) : alter post 
altmim : attua super alium. So many 
days one after another, tot dies continnL 
Sometimes, especially in Cessar, the ablative 
only is used ; e. g., alicujus adventu, dis- 
cessu, fiigA ; soUa occasu (<^teran:ybod^s 
arrioal, departure, flight : after sunset). 
After post the action ts often expressed by 
a participle ; e. g., after the taking of Veii, 
post Vefos captos : so poet urbcm condi- 
tarn ; post banc urbem constitutam (after 
the building of the dty). Sometimes eila- 
tives absolute are used (when the action or 
state described by the ablatire absolute is 
the cause or condition of what follows) : 
anno inteijecto (after a year) : Hannibal 
in ItaUam penrftnit Alpibus superatis (aft- 
er crossing the Alps). J| Succession 
in order, rank, Sec, secundum (poet 
is only *^ after'* of ^succession in time: in 
tmace ir is " behind," opposed to ante). 
Generally by secundns, proximus ab all- 
quo, or proximus alicui (next after inpHaee, 
literally or figuratively). After you, I like 
nothing so weU as solitude, secundum te ni- 
hil est mihi amicius solitudine : proxime : 
next after these, those ate dear to us, du^, 
proxime bos, cari. Sec. (Cic). {Tac., jux- 
ta ; e. ff., Juxta deos.] || Of a rule fol- 
lowed, proportion to, conformity 
with, Sec, secundum : e, ex, sometimes 
de (when the thing is also a cause) : pro 
(in proportion to): ad (of a rule, copy, 
Sec, that is followed. Obs. Juxta, in the 
sense of secundum, belongs to sinking 
Latinity) : to live after nature, secundum 
naturam rivere (or nature convenien- 
ter^ : to take any thing after its intrinsic 
value (BacoiCs, ex veritate abquid esti- 
maro : after the example of, ad cxemplum ; 
after the model, pattern. Sec, ad cxem- 
plum, ad effigiem: e^fter the manner, de 
more : after my own manner, meo modo 
(PL, Ter.) : after my own original way of 
speaking, meo pnstfno more diceucQ. 
\\ After a sort, quodammodo. 

AFTER, coi^neL, poetouum: postca- 
quara : ut, ubi (as), quum (when). Obs. : 
(a)'ttt, ubi, intimau the immediate succes- 
sion of the second event, whereas postquam 
only states it to be after the first. Hence 
they prefer the perfect to the pluperfect, and 
often take statim, repente, primum. Sec : 

(b) postquam in direct narrative mostly 
takes the perfect or present ; seldom the plu- 
perfect, except intheform *'so many aaus, 
years, Sec, after another event h^>pened:'* 

(c) jior ubi, ut, quum, rid. When : (d) 
quum can only be used when things are 
stated as facts tn a narrative ; not of local 
relations, e. g., of passages in a book; 
where postquam or ubi must be used. 
Passages like Cic, Tuec, i, 48, 103 ; Acad., 
ii^ 33, 104, Sec, only appear to be at vari- 
ance with this rule. Three years after he 
had returned, post tres annos or tertium 
annum quam redierat : tertio anno quam 
redierat: tribus annis or tertio anno post- 
quam redierat : tertio anno quo redierat 
The day after I left uou, postridle quam 
a Tobis discessL The year etfter, postero 
anno quam. Sec Very often pabtictplks 
are used instead of these particles (ablative 
absolute if the ** subject^ of both clauses is 
not the same) ; e. g., most speeches are writ- 
ten t^fUr they have been delwered. plerseoue 
scribuntur orationes babitss jiun : after 
the murder of Dion, Dionysius again be- 
came master of Syracuse, DiOne interiecto 
Dionysius rursum Syracusarum potltus 
est \\ After is oAm untranslated, the 
notion of it being already contained in the 
verb ; e. g., to follow after, sequi, sectari : 
to thirst after, sitire ahquid : to ask or in- 
quire ttfler, qneerere rem or de re, inqni- 
rcro in aliquid : to long after, cupere ali- 
quid, &c.: to make any thing after the pat- 
iem^something sIm, imitari aliquid; ali- 
quid Lmitando exprimcre, effliigore, Sac: : 


to run after any body, aUquem Mctul : 
to send after any body, aUquem arceas^re^ 
dec H '-^ afterward, Vid. 

AFTER , tn composition, may some- 
times be translated by posterior (opposed 
to superior) ; secundus ; serus (too late). 
AFTER-AGES, postcritas: posteri 
AFTER ALL, may sometimes be trmu- 
lated by ipse, sometimes by ne multa ; ne 
longum faciam : " a prindpie for which, 
Hfter aU, they have no ^ound, out," * sen- 
tentia, cui et ipsi nihil subest, nisi. Sec, 
or * cuius ipsius, ne lonj|[um faciam, ratio- 
nem alferunt nullam, nisi. Sec : sometimes 
by ad summam (tn short, at last, after 
other things are mentiontd) : often, in 
questions, by tandem: ** but, e^fler all, what 
is your own opinion f" * at Quid tandem 
ipse sentis t somaimes by quia enim f (tw- 
plying that the person addressed can not 
deny the assertion). 
AFTER-BIRTH, secundn (partAs). 
AFTER-COST, reliqua (plural, the un- 
paid portion of the expense, the proper 
word). II Fio., * incommdda qua aliquid 
sequimtur. You will have to pay the after- 
cost, *po8tm6do senties. 

AFTER-GAME. || To pla y an aft- 
er-game (= repair an eml), ahcujus rei 
or alicui rei mecucinam adhibdre : * alicui 
iiVcomm6do seram mediclnam rcperire : 
damnum sarcire, resdtuere: detrimoi» 
tum sarcire, reconcinoare. 

AFTER - GATHERING. spicOegium 
(a gleaning) : racematio (in a vintage). 
To make an after-gathering, spicilcgium 
facere ; raoemari : in^aroper, * omissa col- 

AFTER'MATH, foenum auctumn&le or 
chordum : to cut it, secare. 

AFTERNOON. «.. dies pomeridianuB 
(Sen., Ep., 65, 1) : tempus pomeridianum \ 
bora) pomerioiansa. In the afternoon, 
post meridiem ; tempore pomeridlano ; 
horis pomeridianis. 

AFTERNOON, adj., postmeridianus : 
pomeridianus (both forms used ; Cic pre» 
fers the latter, Orat., 47, 157 ; but see Orell. 
•n Tusc, ill, 3, 7). To make an afternoon 
call on any bodu, aliquem post meridiem 
convenbre (on business), inNosere (to see 
how heis): * aliquem officio pomeridiano 
prosequi (qf a call of ceremony from an 
inferior for the purpose of showing respect : 
officio pomeridiano was the afternoon at- 
tendance of a client on his patron). The 
Hftemoon service, * sacra pomeridiana: 
afternoon preacher, sacerdos qui Pacris 
pomeridianis interesse debet: |;^con* 
cionator pomeridianus would be an after- 
noon haranguer. The afternoon sermon, 
*oratio in sacris pomeridianis habcnda 
(if not yet delivered), babita (if delicered). 
AFTER -PAYMENT, •pensio postca 
&cta : numi additi (additional sum paid). 
AFTER. PlECf, -fabellR argumenti 
brevioris, qua» post comoBdiam agicur. 
The efter-piece will be—, * banc fabulam 
seauetur— . 

AGAIN, rursus ^rursum (again) : US- 
rum (a second time) : denuo (= do novo, 
anew; relates to time, denoting repctiiion 
t^fier an tntsrroO : ex integro (in silver 
Age also integro ; quite qfresh ; relates to 
the thing itself, which is to be brought back 
to a former stau) : vicissim (in tnm ; in 
the same manner that another has done it 
in before). With verbs it is often translat- 
ed by the re (red) of a compound verb: 
to rue again, resurgere. || Hereafter, 
post, postfaac, postea : t}iat this may never 
happen again, id ne unquam pofthnc ac> 
ciaere possit : whom I was not likely erer 
to see again, quem non eram postea visu- 
rus. II /n turn, contra, riciasim. ^As 
used in a discourse to introaucs 
an additional reason: prwterea: 
ad hoc, ad hafc (besides this, nerer in 
good prose, super bwc^ super ista, aUbuc) : 
jam, autera (wAen the discourse is carried 
on in parts) : accddit. accedit qood : hue 
accedit ouod : addendum, eodem est, 
auod : aojlce quod. (Obs., not porro.) 
H^^ain and again, etiam atque eti- 
am : iterum et sspius : semel et sepins : 
semel . atque iterum ; semel iterumre 
(the last two less strong =sever^ times, 
more than once). \\As big a/fain, al- 
tero tonto mHJor (so longior, Stc), duplo 


major. A» wutdk a^tan^ altenim tantom : 

AGAINST, direction toward, ad- 
remu : in with abiatice (njter expreaHons 
tf ktOj dUpttanttrty anrer, against any 
hod^. The hatred of the people againt€ 
Clu man waa mo fttM. in hoc tantum fait 
odiam m u l t ftu dmia. So atBvitiam exer- 
thre in aliquo ; rim adhibere in aliqno 
{fo «w vioUnce againet him). || Direc- 
tion «ith the notion of oppogi- 
tion to: (a) Of departure from, 
exeeee above a limit: prater, e. g^ 
againat expectation (not conm, bnt) pre- 
tir opinionem. So preter apem : aecas 
ae ^eraveram (agahut, i o^ woroe than 
wtif hope and expectation) : praeter jos faa- 
<|Be : proster ancqjus yohmtatem ikmt aUo 
contra legem, contra alicujua volontatem, 
of direct intentional opposition to them), 
n act against a 2aip, lesem riolare or 
Bigrare : againat on^e wiU, in vltus (adj.) : 
egeintt the will of Caius, Caio inrito. 
(b) Of hoetile opposition: contra, 
adremis. in wkh accusative: against the 
MtrtOM, adverao flomlne; contra aqnara 
[tI1 Stucam] : against the itind, vento 
adrerM (iiaTi|pare) : the rind is against 
aof bodf (narigantt) allcoi rentna adver* 
Mm tenet. A rtmedif agahuft any thing, 
mnediom adremu aliquid ^ {that vorks 
against it ; e. c^ adreraos renftnmn) : 
remedium aUct^jna rei or ad qnod (that is 
geodfor anf diiease ; e. g.. morbi, timoria, 
ad ocxdonun morbot). To write against 
aay body, contra alMnem acribere : in, 
adTeraas a]ic]iiem acribere : Ubram edere 
cootra aliquiein (of publishing against 
amy body) : to speak Ci- ^ as an orator) 
against any body, contra aliqnem dicere : 
uqoid in aHquem dicere (to say any thing 
against any bod^: to s^ive against any 
body, adrersoa aliqaem contendere: to 
mgwe against any thing, contra aHqnid 
«■erere. To help against any thing [ri± 
HxLpJ. AoAiKflT. after a substantive, 
must be transinted bu a participle or rela- 
tiee sentence ; e. g., the speech against S^c- 
rmes, oratio contra Socr&tem habita ; ora- 
tb qae li^iita eat contra Socratem : the 
naregainM tka Persians, bcllmn contra 
Penas geatom ; belhim quod contra Per- 
MB gectom eat. To sin against any body, 
peccare in aQqnem. To excite the people 
•gainst any body, populum inflammare 
is lUqnem : to be against any body, face- 
re contra aliqaem (of the opposite party) : 
diMidere com ahqno (to be of a different 
opinion) : is fight against any bodu, pug- 
Bve contra ^iiquem (exadreraua aliqncm 
is, opposite Ai» m the enemies ranks) : to 
fight for Ufe and death against any body, 
dbuotfe adTemia aliqnem. Sometimes 
'^againsf* is translated by cum to mark 
the wuttnal relation of two parties (e. g., 
pngnare, qneri, qner^Iie com aliquo). 
The jpoor can make good no rights against 
Ae neh, nihil cum potentiore juria numa- 
ai refinqoitor indpL After verbs of de- 
fence, ice (tegere, munire, tutnm eiae, 
kc.\ against ia generally translatsd by 
a, ab («a m EngHah by '*from,'' I e., with 
Ttspea to danger proceemng from such a 
faartfr) ; a z^ man a frisoriboa munire ; 
nnun defenoere a Clodio ; but they also 
«H* adrerma or contra, if the** against^' is 
l9 be strongly marked : e. g., munire ad- 
rtrewM or contra «liquid (SaL, Jug., 89. 4 ; 
CXc- ad Div., i, 14, i) : ae dcfendere con- 
tra abqoid : afiquean dcfendere contra in- 
indeoa. 7b match a combatant against 
another, conqNuraro aUquem aHcui (Suet., 
Oetig., 3S) : committere aHqocm ctmi aU- 
qao(7V.). JH Opposite to, Yiv. \\0f 
an object against which any thing 
is done: after a verb of motion; 
•d, in. To run against any body, incur- 
rare in aEquem: to strike, dash, knock 
•b/« se^ against any thing, ^iouid ad 
aBqukl olfi?ndere (e. g., caput aa fbrnl- 
een, i^uint.) : offendcre auqnid ^e. a.. 
•eslnai, Ltv.) : oflendere in aUmud 
(e. g^ in atipltem, Colum.) : the wooes beat 
agmnst Ae gkore, flnctua miduntnr in li^ 
ore «r in Utna (QuinL, doubtful reading). 
\Againstz=.elo§e bf or to: Juxta. 
Vid. Bt. To put a ladder up against a 
naif, ffcalaa ad murum appticare: lean 
•gainst. MdL LXAK. U Of time, by 


' which any thing is to be done, in (with ac- 
cusative), ftd, «ub (a little before) : foctim 
lliniis exstniere iub adrentum laaai riri 
' (Hor.). H For and against, in utram- 
que partem: with respect to my journey, 
many reasons occur to me for ana^ against 
it, permulta mihi de itinere noatro in 
, utramque partem occumint (Cic.). Like 
' other prepositions, it man often be untrans- 
lated, the notion of it being already con- 
tained in the verb, e. g., by a compound 
with ob. To rail against any body, aiicui 
conriciari (with dative in Quint, only) : 
aUquem increpitare : to lean against any 
thing, accUnari aiicui rei : to run against 
any bodtf or any thing, offendere aliquem 
or aliquid : to struggle against the stream, 
oblnctari flumini (Curt.) : to fight against 
any body, oppugnare aU^em : to be 
against any body, adveraan aUcui. 

AGAMIST, qui ab uxore dncendA ab- 
horret ; cuju anlmua abfaorret a nuptiie. 

AGAPE, hlana (participle ; e. g., in, to 
stand agape) : to set any body agape, ali- 
qnem in ituporem dare, obstupefacere, 
atupidum tenere. 

AGATE, ach&tea, m. 

AGARIC, agaricon (Ptin., 25, 9, 57), 

AGE, (1) the natural duration of 
any thin^, especially of a man: 
a»taa (poetic, evum): (8) time of life, 
or a certain portion of it, aataa: the 
Jlower ofon^s age, etaa floreoa ; floa »ta- 
tia ; astas viridis or intfigra : military age, 
ataa miKtaria : of or about the miUtary 
age, militiw matflrua : the matwrity, weak- 
ness of age, etatia maturitaa, imbedlUtaa : 
the strength of full age, wtatia robur, ner- 
ti : to ^ of the same age as any body, 
asqualem eaae alimii : luarly of the same 
age, letate proximum eaae idicul : to be in 
the flower of his age, integrd ntate ease ; 
in ipso etatia flore or robore eaae : to be 
of a great age, longiua a^ate provectnm 
esse : of a great age, grandia natu, astate 
decrepftA (Ae latter, if accompanied with 
weakness) : to be of such an age, id ntatia 
eaae. || To be of or under age. Of 
age, aui Juria : auie poteatatia (no longer 
under the father's power) : au» tutdin (not 
requiring a guardian) : aui potena (gen- 
eral term fhr one who can act as he pUases, 
but aui judicii is a different Aing ; onewho 
acts boUUy up to his own prinaqdes) ' be 
of age, aui juria eaae : to be nearly of age, 
propc pub^rem etatem eaae : to be com- 
tng ofai^e, aui juria fieri; in auam tnti- 
lam venve, penrenire: to declare a son 
of age, emancipare fiUum. Voider age, in- 
(ana (of a very young child), nondum 
adultd astate (^general term), peradolea- 
oe&tiilua, peradoleacena (sttllvery young) : 
sons under age, filii pratextati. ff1t4 
reference to ascending the throne, non- 
dum matQrua impeno: to turpnint any 
body regent till his own children Aould 
come of age, rognum aiicui commcndare, 
quoad libcri in auam tutelam pervcni- 
rent (Nep., Eum., 2, 2). Vid. Minor. 
\\ Old age, aenectua, a^iHia aetaa (age, 
whether wiA reference to the weakness 
or to the experUnce of age; poetic, ac- 
necta) ; letaa extrema or exacta; aununa 
aenectua (extreme old age) : aenium (the 
tisM of feebleness) : etaa decreplta (de- 
crepitude) : vetuataa (great age and con- 
sequent goodness of a Aing long kept ; 
e. g., of wine, fruUs, Ac). A green old 
ajffe, cruda ac viridia aenectua (Virg.) : to 
live to or attain old age, acnectQtem adi- 
piaci, ad aenectutem renire -. to die at an 
advanced age, aenectnte diem obire au- 
prenmm; cxactd aotate mori: Ut die of 
old age, aliquem aenectua diaaolrit : to be 
worn out with old age, astate or aenio con- 
fectum eaae : to make provision against 
old age, aenectuti aubaidium parare. Age 
does not change the man, * lupua pflnm 
mutat, hon menfeem. Age gives experi- 
ence, aeria Tenit uaua ab annia (Oe.). 
Wisdom and experience belong to old age, 
mena et ratio ei conaiUum in aenibua eat. 
H To be so many years of age, na- 
tom ease wiA accusative of the years ; or 
eaae 10^ Ae genitive of the years : to be 
above so many yaor» cf age, vixiaae, 
confeciaae, compleriaae, so many years. 
Thus : he is nineteen years of age, decern 
1 et Aovem annoa nataa eat; decern et no» 


' rem annoram eat : Aa ia above ninety 
years of age, nonaginta annoa rixit, con- 

' fecit, complevit: also nonageaimum an- 
num exoeaaiaae, egreaaum eaae : ab*tve or 

< uneler Airty-three years of age, major, or 
minor, annoa trea et tnginta natua; or 

; major (minor) annomm trium et trigin- 

< ta : also mi^or (minor) quam annoa trea 
et triginta natua: major (minor) ^uam 
annomm trium et triginta. He died at 
the age of thirty-three, deceaait annoa trea 
et triglnta natua : in the AirtieA year of 
his age, triceaimum annum agcna. \\An 
age=i certain period of time: »tm 
(general term, also of those who lived at 
the same tirnH) : aaculum (large, indefinite 
period ; an age or generation ; according 
to some, 30 ... 33 years ; actording to 

* Etruscan and Roman usage, 100 yetn-s. In 
the times ofAe empire, a reign, each em^ 
peror bringing in a new order qjf Aings) : 
tempua, tempora (the times or doss of). 
The golden age, etaa anrea : a learned 
age, aaM;ulnm eruditum : the age of Ho- 
mer is uncertain, H&mCri incerta aunt 
tempora : Socrates was not understood by 
the men of his age, Socritem etaa aua 
parum inteOexit ; Socritea ab hominibos 
aui temporia parum intellisehatur : then 
are hardly two good orators in an age, rix 
aingulia aftatibua bini oratorea laudabilea 
ccnutitere : for that age, ut in eA etate 
(i e., of any Aing good, Ac., for that age). 
II The spirit of the age, aec&li, hujua 
etatia ingenium (so Aug. Wolf for Ae bad 
form aecnli genina. or indolea temporia. 
Tac has aule in^enium): morea ae- 
cuH or temporum (ita moral character, cus- 
tomary proceedings, Ac., Flor., Plin.) : 
from context, morea only (such is the spirit 
of the age, ita ae morea baibent, SaL, Vel.) : 
temporum natura atque ratio (circum- 
stances of the' times ; after Cic, ad Div. 6, 
6, 8) : aecuhim (corrunyiere et corrum- 
pi non illic aeculum rocatur, Tac, the 
spirit of the age ; the fashion ofAe times) : 
tempora (the times) : the licentious spirit 
of the age^ Hcentia temporum : the irre- 
ligioue spirit of Ae age, que nunc tenet 
aeculum negligentia diei (dedm, Liv.). 
II The wants of our or the present 
age, *quod hec tempora reqolrunt; 
*quod noatria temporibua deaideratur. 
\\The history of our age, <* nostre 
etatia hiatoria; equiaUa nostre aetatia 
memoria (Cic, De Leg., L 3, 8). 

AGED, etate prorectior or grandior, 
etate Jam aenioV (in advanced age) : eta- 
te afTeetua (feeing the effects of old age, 
aged: all q; men): vetua or retuhia (prtf- 
ty old, of men and things) : grandia, gran- 
dior (wUh or without natu^ : etate gravia, 
pergrandia natu, exacte ,^un etatia (very 
Oi^ed) : acnex (an old man : never fern»- 
nine) : decropltua, etate o^ aenio confec- 
tua (old and weak). An aged man, aencz, 
homo aatato grandior. Vid. Old. 

AGENCY, Woperation: efrectu8(&oa 
the power of working possessed by any 
Aing and the effect) : via (powef). is. via 
et enectua : eflicientia (working). Some- 
tUnes impulatu (impulsion), appulaua (ap- 
proximation qf an ^ectual means or cause t 
especially of the sun : then, generally, the 
working of one thing on anoAer). || Of- 
fice of agent, procuratio (general 
term) : cognit&ra (qfice of a procurator or 
agent, especially in fiscal matters). 

AGENT, actor (alicujua rei: doer of 
any Aing, often anctor et actor (Cas.), 
illo auctore atque ageute, B. C, 1, 26) r 
confector (one who completes a work). 
II To be a free agent, aui Juria, or aun 
poteatatia, or in, aui poteatate eaae : inte- 
gre ac aoHde poteatatia eaae (to be onis 
own master) : nullA neoeaaitate aatrictum 
eaae (bound by no necessity). Not to be a 
free agent, ex alterius arbitrio pendire 
(but not aliunde or extrinaecua pendSre, 
someti$nes given, without referenes to the 
context, from Cic, ad Die, 5,Vi,^. \\NaU 
ural agents, inanima (plural opposed to 
animalia) : rea naturalea : ratione caren- 
tia : rationia expertia. . || To be anu 
body*s agent (=:manager qf his af- 
fairs), aiicui rationibuB eaae (from an iiu 
scription) : alictijua rea ac rationca curare. 

AGENCY, procuratio (general term): 



qnem penitiu cognotoere ; aUqaem coe- 
Doscere et inteUigere. To be tkonmgli 
ly acquainted wnk any body^ aliquem 
penitua inspexis^; pemosae Aliquem 
qoalia sit ; intas et ia cute nosae {Pers.). 
To make a man acqutUnud ibick another^ 
aliqocm ad aliquem deduoere (to intro- 
duce km). To be acquainted with any 
body by eigrht, aliquem de facie noase. 
Not to be acquainted vitk any body, non 
iioeae aJiqucm ; aliquia mihi est ignotua ; 
i^orare aliquem {rare in the tense of be- 
tH^ unacquainted loith hie person, as Nep., 
Arist., 1, 4 : mostly not to know his char- 
acter). WExpresstTi^ or implying' inti- 
mate acquaintance: to be intimately 
acquainted with, aliquo familiariter or in- 
time uti ; in femiliaritato alicujua Teraari. 
/ am intimately acquainted withy magna 
est mihi cum anquo familiaritas. 

(P) AcqUAiNTED, to be; with things. 
AHquid inteUigere, callerc, cognitum or 
perccptum habere ; multum in aliquA re 
versatum esae (to have had mu^ practice 
in it): alicujua rei peritimi esse (to be 
sidlled in it) : alicujua rei gnarum ease. 
(8tn. in Ukdxjistand.) Not to be ac- 
quainted with any thin^, aliouid ignorare 
or nescire ; in aliqud re ruaera or pere- 
grinum, or hoapitem ease ; alicujua rei 
umarum or imperitum esae. 

ACQUAINTANCE, (A) of persons. 
II An ae^itainfawce, notua: hIIcuI ami- 
cus (a frtend) : alicui familiaria (an inti- 
mate acquaintanct^. He is an acquaint- 
ance of mine, usua mihi et conauetudo or 
fioniliaritaa mihi cum aliquo intcrcedit. 
An intimate acquaintance, aliquia cujus 
amiciti& famiHanter utimur. || Acquaint- 
ANCX, nott, amici, fiuiili&rea. To have 
an extensive ac^ualntanee, multoa hnbdre 
amicoa ; * multia ndtum caae et familia- 
rem. |l Acquaintance with any 
body, cognitio alicujua (the becoming ac- 
quainted with a man : dignua cognitionc, 
worth knoving) : notitia alicujua (the be- 
ing acquaints with) : usua : uaua et con- 
auetudo (intercourse with, intimacy) : fa- 
millaritaa (habits of great tndimury). To 
make acquaintance with, aliquem cognos- 
ccre. (B) fVith things: cogniUo Mien- 
Job rei (the becoming acquainted with it) : 
Botitia alicujua rei (the oeing acquainted 
with iC) : ecientia aUcnjua rei (thorough 
knowledge, the result of mental activity). 

ACQUIESCE, acquleacere alicui" rei, 
dot,} or aliqud re (say nothing against 
if: weaker than aaeentiri and opprobare. 
Ote., Acad., S. 46, acquleacere in aliqud re 
^ to find satisfaction in any thing) : ali- 
qnd re contentum esae (to be contented 
with): aliquid probare, approbare, acci- 
pere (to approve of, receive favorably). 

ACQUIESCENCE, probatio, approba- 
tk>, comprobatio (aj^jrovat) : conBensio, 
conaenaua, aaaensua (assent). With your 
aequiescencey te conaenticnte or probante. 
Iflthout your acquiescence, te adveraantc, 
Tenuente, nolente. 

ACQUIRABLE, *quod adipiaci queaa: 
*quod obtin§ri potest (Bts. under Ob- 
tain) : impetrabuia (what can be obtained 
hy entreaties). 

ACQUIRE, parare, comparare (pro- 
vide, procure by on^s own means) : qu»e- 
rere (obtain by seeking ; e. g., livelihood, 
▼ictum ; popularity wuh the common peo- 
ple, gratiam ad populum ; glory, aibi elo- 
riam): acquircre (to obtain what one has 
striven for): coDlgere (collect; e. p., 
good^will, favor, &c.) : nanciaci (obttun 
with or without trouble ; epen against on^s 
wish) : adipiaci (to achieve by exertion) : 
conadqui (to arrive at tAe object of ones 
wish, with or without assistance) : aes^qui 
(to arrive by «sxertion at the oljject of ontfs 
endeavors) : obtln§re (to obtain and keep 
possession). To acquire credit^ parare aibi 
Wudem ; money, pecuniam aibi facere ; a 
wtan's friendship, alicujua amicitiam aibi 
comparare ; great influence, magnam 
anctoiitatem aibi constituere ; great wealth 
and reputation, magnaa opea sibi mag- 
immque nomen facers ; extensive knowl- 
edge, *• magnaa opea eruditionia aibi com- 
parare. To endeavor to acquire, captare 
aUauid (o. g., popularity, &as.). To ac- 
quire strength, ae corroborare. 

ACQUIREMENT, HaeC of acquit- 


<fi^» comparatk), adeptio : of popularity, 
condliatio gratin. \iKnowledge ac- 
9«tr«(<, doctrina, eruditio, hter». A 
person of extensive acquirements, multa- 
rum rerum cognitione imbutuA ; erudi- 
tiasimus ; optimia artibua emdltus ; homo 
in quo multa» aunt literw r of extensive 
and various acquirements, in quo eat co- 
pia et varietaa studiorum. 

ACQUISITION, comparatio (act of pro- 
curing for on^s self): adeptlo (the ob- 
taining what one has striven for). Acqui- 
sition of popularity, conciliatio grati». 

ACQUIT, Wset free, liberare re or & 
re : exaolvere re (release from) : eximere 
re or ex re (to deliver from) : levare re 
(relieve from what is disagreeable; e. g., 
fear, sorrow, pain): expedire re (extri- 
cate from) : extrahere ex re (rfrw out 
of): eripere ex or a re (sjuach from). 
aJ^ The last three of extricating from 
unpleasant circumstances ; e. g., dangers. 
II Pronounce guiltless, abaolvere pr. 
et impr., of any thing, all^ud re or de ali- 
qud re (e. g., regni euspicione, de prwvar» 
icatione) : exaolvere aliqud re (c. g., aua- 
picione) : liberare aliqud re (set free, gen- 
eral term"^. T'o be acquitted, Uberatum dis- 
ccdcre; mnocentem or innoxiumabsolvi; 
ex judicio emergerc. [{Discharge a 
duty, officium exsequi, officio defungl; 
officii partea expl§re. To acquit ont^s self 
admirably, &c., officiimi cumulate redf- 
dere (Cic. ad Die, 5, 8, 2). See Duty. 
II To acquit one's self like a man, 
virum ae pr^stare. 

ACQUITl'AL, abaolutio (any body's, 
alicujua ; alicujua rei ; e. g^ majcstatis) : 
liberatio (alicujua rei ; o. g., culpsB). 

ACQUITI'ANCE. apdcha, accepti latio 
(the former implying payment of the debt ; 
the latter any release from the necessity of 
payment). A formal acquittance, or an 
acquittance under hand and seal, * apdcha 
manu aigUloque firmata. To give any 
body an acquittance, apdcham dare. 

ACRE, jug^irum (really about two thirds 
of an acre. Jt was 2i0feet in length and 
120 in breadth, and contained, ^arefore^ 
28,800 sqttarefeet. Diet. Antiq.) 

ACRID, acer (hot and biting, like mus- 
tard, garlic, onions) : acerbua (of any 
thing that contracts t/te tongue ; c. g., un- 
ripe fruit, sour, opposed to auaria') : amd- 
rua (opposed to dufcia : nauseously bitter). 

ACIllMONIOUS, II acrid, ViD. ||Fio., 
of words, &c., amarua (bitter) : acerbua 
(sour') : aaper (rough) : mordax (biting) : 
invidioaua (calculated^ raise a prejudice 
against the person attacked): aculeatua 
(stinging). Acrimonious word», verbo- 
rum aculei. 

ACRIMONY, acerbitaa. amaritna (Svn. 
under Acrid) : acrimonio (seldom in liter- 
al sense before Plin., and only of sharpness 
to. the taste ; an invigorating, strengthen- 
ing sharpness. Not figurative in the sense 
of our acrimony). 

ACRITUDE. Vid. Acbimony. 

ACROSS, adv., iu tranaversum; ex or 
de transvcrao ; per tranaversum. Some- 
thing comes across my mind, aliquid mihi 
dc improvlao objicitur. || Crosswise, 
ViD. To shake hands across, *idicujua 
manus decuss&tim conatringere. 

Across, pr., trana. To march an army 
across the Rhone, trajicere oxcrcitum 
llhoddnum or mxna Rhod&num. 

ACROSTIC, ea qua» SucpooTtxis dldtur 
(Cic, Die, 2, 54). 

ACT,». ||X>o, agSro, facere (agerc, 
like vpdrrtiv, refers more to the simple act- 
ing than to the results of it ; facere, like 
mtciv, refers to the action and its results : 
to act well or HI, recto or male agere, attd 
rccte or male facere ; but the latter only 
so far as the e^Tect of the action is, or is not, 
what it should be). || Behave, ae gerere 
(e. g., shamtfully). To act like a man, 
virum ae praastare. |I Exert force, vim 
habere (not vim exaerere, which is not 
Lat.): efflciicem esse (to work or be ef- 
fective). The medicine acts, concipitur 
venia medicamentum : does not act, me- 
dicamentum imbocilliua eat quam mor- 
bus : tJu medicine acts so powerfuUy, tanta 
▼ia eat mcdicaraenti: the medicine acts 
weU, commMe focit (Cels.). To act upon 
any Aing, vim habere or ezercero ia all- | 


quid : on any body, aliquem or alicnjuf 
animum movere, commovere. It acts 
upon me in different ways, varie afficior 
aUqud re. It acts differently ffpon me, ali- 
quid allter fero. II 7*0 be in effective 
action; of things, in eflectu esse (e. g., 
machines). \\Aet a part on the stage, 
or in life, agere aliquem or alicujua par- 
tea ; alicujua personam tu^ri (not aUcujus 
personam agerc): simulare aliquem, or 
with ace and infin. (to pretend to be any 
body), r:^ Ludere aliquem is undas- 
sical ; exhibere aliquem un-Latin. To act 
a play, fabulam agere (not fabulam do- 
cdre, which is said of the author only). 
To forbid the players to act, histrionibus 
acenam intermccre (Sn.). The players 
will not act to-night, * histrlonoa hodie in 
acenam non prodibunt. 

Act, n., factum (what has been actually 
done) : facinua (deed, contemplated as the 
act of a free agent, and as cm evidence of 
strength of character, for good or for evil) : 
opua (work ; the produa of a faciens). 
II Acts, facta (general term) : rea geatas, 
gesta, orum, sometimes res only (actsper- 
f turned in the line qfontfs duty or ojfics; 
especially exploits, achievements in war): 
acta (actions performed according to par- 
ticiilar rules; measures, e. g., of a poli- 
tician^ : acdones (doings ; goings on ; 
implying a continued course. Hen. ad 
B. Civ., 1, 5). Acts of the Apostles, * Apos- 
tolorum acta or res gest». || A noble aet^ 
egrede or egregium factum ; iaclnus 
praecl&rum. An immortal act, &clnus or 
opua immortalc. Honorable, glorious 
acts, laudes, decora, pL To perform an 
act, facfnus facere, conticere ; opua edere. 
A wicked act, facinua, llagitium, acelua 
committerc ; scclus facere, perficcre, ad- 
mittere. || In the very act, in manifesto 
facindrc (c. g., to be caught, deprehondi ; 
in re prsesenti is, on the spot where the oo- 
currence took place. \\Act of amnefty, 
oblivio sempitema (Cic.): oblivio quam 
Athenicnses AfanjoTiav vocant (V. Max.) : 
lex ne quis ante actarum rerum accuae- 
tur, neve multetur (a law). Vid. Amnes- 
ty. II ^c«» of a court, tabulte (general 
term): liter» publicee (archices): acta 
publica, or acta only (recorded proceedings 
of the Senate, people, or individual magis- 
trates). To record in the acts, in acta ro- 
ferre. To be contained in the acts, in actis 
ease. • 

ACTION, \\thin^ done. V. Activb. 
Acting, actio (doing, any thing done): 
actus. To be in action, in actu esse (5«»,). 
\\ Action, in law. Actio (the legal pro- 
ceedings; the tria[): lis (the actual trial 
or contest) : causa (the grounds of it; 
each parties case) : res (the subject of it ; 
the uOiole case) : dica (Oreek, on/y of a civH 
cause before a iSreek court). A c*vU action, 
causa privata. A criminal action, causa 
publica (for an offence against the state ; 
rauaa capitalls, t/ the penalty is death). 


(1) generally: lege agere cum aliquo 
(not in aliquem) ; actionem alicui inten- 
dere ; formulam alicui intendere (to jnre- 
fer a written accusation against him) ; 
JTidicio experiri cum aliquo ; judicio pcr- 
sgqui aliquem ; on account of any thing, 
(lesre) agere alicujua rei or de re j judicio 
or legibua experiri de re; against any 
thing, lege agere in or adversus aliquitL 

(2) In civil causes: aliquem in jus 
vocnr<y(to call him before a court) : dicam 
alicui scribcre, subacriberej or impingcro 
(to preffT a written accusation, with name 
qf accuser, defendant, Ac, before a Greek 
court). (3) /n criminal causes: de- 
lationem nominis poatulare in aliquem 
(propr. to ask permission of the fudge to 
deliver in the name of the accusea person ; 
then to accuse generally) : nomen alici^a 
ad judicem or judicea deferre : judicium 
poftulare in aUqucm : aliquem in judi- 
cium addncerc ; aliquem iu jua cducere ; 
aliquem duccre or ^ucere (to bring him 
before a court) : periculum alicui crearo 
or faceasere (to put him in peril) : aliquem 
reum agere or facere (to make him an ac- 
cused person) : aliquem (reum) citarc (to 
cite him before a court) : aliquem accuaaro 
(to accuse him formallif). For any thing, 
nomen alicujua deferre de re; deferre 



■Bquem alici^ rei (j$l$o wiA ad joA- 
ees) : aliaaetn ream ■Ikn^Joa rei dtare or 
«gero; aliqaein judido alicujiu rei, or 
oakf diiqaein aUcujoa rd «rcesaere; att- 
«joem ream aliciijas rei posColare; and 
poftolare altquem alicH|u0 rei or de re. 
TV» hrimg a» actian o^Mntt «i^f bodjffor 
iman£^f, alkraem juoicio reci4>eratorio 
perrtquL (Vid. Rxcufkbatob.) Ikov* 
«n action, L c ground oj acidon^ habeo 
artionem ; est actio in aliquem. An at> 
tiom lit* agaitiM any bodif^ actio compctit 
in aliqoem. To $how a «on ho» he mutt 
bring kit aetiony actionem alicni demon- 
rtrare. |l Of an orator, inclnding both 
losoe andgtoture, actio. || Battle. Vid. 
\Ofa plaf, actio («a incident in it; or 
vt imdaentMy. argomentum iabnl» (itt 
general tuinecf). A pUuf abounding in 
«ct«m, fabula actuoaa : ^^/(ctml i» actio», 
'panun actaosa. 

ACTIONABLE, (res) accnsabflb (Oekr 
gaer, Cic^ EeL, p. 105). Antf tkhtg it ae- 
tionabU or not ae tion abUy tat aliciQus rei 
(aHa) or nnlla actio. A perton'e conduct 
U actionable^ est actio in aUqoem. || Some- 
timetf pceoA or rapplicio dignos (the latter 
of the tetereat puni^kmentS: animadrer- 
tendas (to be futiced, and vUited with pun- 

ACTIVE, indofltrioa, narua, operosoa, 
laboriosiu, aasidana, diligens, aedutus 
(Stk. imder Acmrmr) : actuoaus (op- 
poeed to nihil agens, inclined to action, 
fuU of activitff e. g^ of virtue, the mind, 
Stc ; or oppooed to qaietos, of an active 
UfL It can not be used tttfelf in any ocAcr 
rtietione: etill rarer is actinu, to/ach oc- 
cure in Sen, in philosopbia actira, op- 
posed 10 contemplatira) : acer (fuU of 
fire and tnergf): implger (setting to 
work rigorously ; tmwewriedbjf exertions) : 
ctrmunu (vigorously and earnestly active: 
e. £., merc4U>r) : agens, dens (aedee in 
fkuosopky, opposed to patibilis, passivd). 
Jir. naroa et indostrios : industriua et 
aoer: acer et induftrios: operosoi et 
■empcr agens alkiuid et moUens. Active 
in business, in rebus gcrondis acer et in- 
dutrius. TV» be always active, semper 
i^re aliqoid (et moUri) : Co be active (of 
mag9%ng6Te, To be active in anybodies 
cause, niti pro aUquo : " As used to say 
that he was nsver more active than when 
he was doing nothing," dicebat minquam 
se plus agere quam nihil quom ageret 
lAcnrs vkxb, Terbam ascns (opposed 
to TolmmMtiendi, QelL, 1% 12, end). 

ACTIVITY, opera (activity, unemphatic- 
tOy ; apposed to momentary inactivity, or 
marly uiiiking, talking, or advisinjg): 
labor (labor, toil) : industria (habiHud 
aetkity of an elevated kind ; e.k„ in he- 
roes, statesmen) : naritas (the useful activi- 
ty of ordinary men) : sedulitas (bustling 
addrity m mnaU matters) : assidmtas (per- 
stvtring industry) : dili^ntia (careful, 
dose application) : impigntas (wtwearied- 
ntss): actio (acting), Aj^ility, peniid- 
few (actirity and dcxtertty in all bodily 
movements) : agilitas (opposed to tarditas). 
ACTIVELY, naviter, strcnue, impigre, 
edxe (with aU on^s might). || With 
agility, pcmiciter, agiliter (Jtotk post- 

ACTOR, arfifcx acenictis (general 
tarn) : actor socnicos or actor only (act- 
or, the most rcspedfuX term) : hisdrio (the 
middle term : player) : lodio, ludius (the 
lowest term : pantomimic performer ; a 
player and dtmcer). Tragic actor, Tra- 
gOBdoa. Qnnic actor, Comcedus. || Com- 
pany of actors,'^ Ujnai&u histrionmn; 
pex faistriooam. 

ACTRE33, artifex socnica, also scenl- 
ca only (late. In earlier times even female 
eharaaers were acted by men). 

ACTUAL, rerus (true, real) : gcnn&nos 
(one's own, complete, genuine : germanas 
inter ; germanoa ^oicus, a genuine Sto- 
i^ : loUdas (substantial, rea/) : ccrtos 
(ce rtain) : ipse (the thing itself). 

ACTUALLY, re : re rcrA : reapse : re 
et TeritatD (really, not in words only) : 
sne: prt^ccto (assuredly, words qf aesep- 
er^ion). SoatsTOoes q^ est atiod (ni- 

ACTUARY, scriba : actoarins (intheSU- 
Mr Age was a kind qf short^kand writer. 


who took mates of As speeeke» dsHvsnd in 
a court. SusL, Cues., 55). 

ACTUATE, moTdre, commoT§re (to 
wuvs) : dire (sst in motion, stir up) : in- 
dtare, condtare (set in violent motion) : 
impellere (drive or urge to) : adducere, 
inducere (to draw to). Also agere aU- 
qoem (Heind, Hor., SaL, % 2, 13). 

ACULEATE, acoleatos (armed with a 
ACUTE, JUskarp, propr. Vid. An 
acute angle, angulus acutua. ||0/ the 
sensss, acutos : sagaz (having a Jine 
sense qf hearing or smelUng ; sagadtms). 
Oma., ocnU acuti; oculi acres et acuti; 
▼iaaa acer: acer videndi aensos: narea 
■cut», nasua aagax« aures acutn. || Of 
ths mental faculties, acutua (sharp): 
acer (vigorous, of powerful comvrdunston, 
penetrating) : subtilla (fine, discriminat- 
ing accurately) : argiitua (over-aeuu ; 
making too Jine distinctions) : peropicax 
(clear-sighted). An acuu understanding, 
iogenium acre or acutum: mens acna. 
Very acute, peracutna, perftcer : to be very 
acute, acutissimo, acerrimo esse ingenio : 
ingenii acumine valftre. To be an acute 
tktnker, acrem ease in cogitando. 

ACUTELY, II o/ the senees, acute 
(cemere, audire) : acriter (intu«ri ali- 
qoid.) 11 Of the mental powers, acute, 
acriter, subtiUter (Syk. imd«r Acute). 

ACUTENESS, ingenii acflmen or ades 
(the former implying more of depth ; of 
original and tnventive ability) and acu- 
men only: perspioacitas : prudentia per- 
spicax (insight, taking in all at one 
glance) : subtilitas (Jine discrimination) : 
sagadtas (the power of accurate investiga- 
tion). Acuteness in disputation, acQmen 
disserendi. To possess natural acuteness, 
naturi acotom esse. || Of sight, ades 

ADAGE, proTerbium (the proper word) : 
verbum (a saying) : adagio and ndngium 
are very rare, and never met with in the 
best prose writers. There is an old adage 
that; an old adage says, est vetua pro- 
Terbium or verbum ; vetua Tcrbum hoc 
quidem eat According to the old adage, 
▼eteri prorerbio. As the old adage says, 
ut eat in proverbio ; quod proverbii loco 
did solet : quod aiunt ; ut aiunt ; at did- 
tur. Vid. PxoYSBB. 
ADAMANT, adAmas. 
ADAMANTINE, adamantlnua. 
ADAPT, acconunodaro aliquid aUcui 
rd or ad rem: facore or efficore nt aU- 
quid congruat or conreniat com re (to 
mahe any thing suit another tking). To 
adapt tke words to the thoughts, verba 
ad aenaus accommodare; eentontiaa ac- 
commodare vocibua : a speech to the place, 
circumstanees, and persoris, orationem ac- 
commodare locia. temporibua, et persdnia. 
ADAPTATION, accommodatio. 
ADAPTED, accommodatos alicui id 
or ad rem (adapted to) : aptus alicui rei 
or ad aliquid (Jit for) : conveniens, con- 
gruens (undassical, congruus), consen- 
taneua alicui rei or cum re (agreeing with, 
suitable to) : idoneua (perfectly suited for 
some oarticular purpose, ad aliquid). To 
be aaapted, aptum eaae, apto convenire 
ad aliquid. Not to be adapted to, alienum 
esse ; parum convenire. 
ADAYS. Vid. Nowadays. 
ADD, adjungero aliouid ; to any thinf, 
alicui Tfd or ad aliquid: addcre aliqmd 
(idicni rd or ad aliquid, to add ; used also 
of writing something additional) : adjice- 
re aliquid. to any tking, alicui rd or ad al- 
iquid : subjicere, to any thing, alicui rei 
(adjicere used also of additions made by 
word ofmoutJi or writing ; subjicere also of 
additions m writing ; sub^ere is always 
to add bdow ; e. g., an example, exemplum) : 
attribuere (to assign or eMot ; e. g., a dis- 
trict to a country, v. Cos., B. C, 1, 3a, end. 
Cic, Quint, Fr., 1, 1, 11, & 33) : asperge- 
re aliqoid, to any thing, alicui rei (to add 
incidentally f to add a sprinkling of; e. 
g., of written rsmarks : hoc aapersi ut ad- 
res, ice Cic. Not, tkertfore, annotationes 
or achoUa aq>ergere, but addore, if they 
are a regular senes) : apponere (to place 
by;to add : also of written additions), to 
, any thing, alicui rd or ad aliqoid. Not, 


iobjongere and sobnectere in dasslcdl 
wrkersszto add co-ordinately. I have add- 
ed a copy of the letter, exemplar literarum 
sobscrnwi, or sobscriptum est : literarum 
exemplar ad to mUL || To add up, 
aimimam alicujoa rei facere (to Jind tke 
total) : compftt&re (to reckon up) : nume* 
rare (to count) : ratioctnari (to calculate), 
ADDER, vip^ra [coluber berus, Linn.]. 
II An adder's tooth, blood, Sec, dens, aan- 
goia, 4:c. viperinufl. 

ADDER'rf-TONGUE (plant), *ophio- 
gloasum (Linn.). 

ADDICTED, deditua alicui rei : atudi- 
osua alicujoa rei (fondly pursuing it) : 
addictua ahcoi rei {devoted to it). Is. ad- 
dictua et deditua. Aho, post-Augustan, 
devotoB alicoi rei Jn. deditua dovotua- 
oue. II To be addicted to, ae dare,d6- 
aftre, tradcre alicui roi (to give one's self 
up to) : indttlg^re alicui rei (to indulge tn 
it) : atodere alicui rei (to pursue it with 
pleasure). To be wholly addicted to, mul- 
tum eaae in re (e. g., vraationibuf : totum 
esae in re. To be addicted to pleasure, vo- 
luptatibua deditum esae, aervirc, aatric* 
tum eaae : letatem in voluptatibua col- 
locare : libidinibua se aermm prteatare. 

ADDICTION, atudium alicujus rd (ea- 
ger pursuit of any thing). 

ADDITION, adjunctto : appositio (the 
placing to, or adding; e. g., of examples, 
exemplorum) : adjectio : accesaio (some- 
thing added : in rhetoric, an addition that 
completes a defnitiony. addltamentom 
(lAifi^ added). Pke. To improve a work 
by additions and corrections, tibrum ere- 
bria locia inculcare et reficere (Cic.) : to 
set any thing forth with lying additions, 
racndaciuncQUa aapergcre uiquid. To 
mofo many important additions to his 
edict, multas rea novas in edictum adde« 
ro (Ltv., 1, 30). |MrJ(Ame<ica{ addi- 
tion, calculorum8ul>ductio: computatio 
(calculation generally). By addition and 
subtrartion. addendo dcdvccadoque. 

ADDITIONAL, c. g., addUional obser- 
vations, * obaen'ationcs que prioribiu 
addendfe aunt 

ADDLE. \\ Addled egg.oramintoc, 
irrftum ; 6vum zephyrinuni ; ovum uri- 
num ; ovum kypencmium ; ovum cyno- 
aQrunL || Addle-headed, addle-pat- 
edt 1e^ (JUghty, thoughtless): vanna 
(empty, idly chattering, &c.^ : incoiuultua, 
toconaideratua (acting wuhout pn^ious 
consultation or consideration). 

ADDRESS, II acfoaf, Vid. \\Address 
one's self, ae parare or ae comparare ; 
to any thtng, ad aliquid (to prqMtre ont^s 
self for it) : a^T#di ad aliqmd (e. g., ad 
dicendum, to approach it; set about it). 
\\ Address a letter to any body, alicui in- 
Bcribere epiatolam: dare literaa ad ali- 
quem ; literaa mittcre alicui or ad aliquem 
(to write to, send a letter to : not acnbero 
ad aliquem). 

ADDRESS. II Dexterity, habiUtaa 
(dexterity of body) : habitua (the dexterity 
gained by the practice of an art or virtue) : 
ara (dexterity In an art) : usua alicujua rd 
(experience and consequent skill): facul- 
taa (tke power of doing any thing, capaci- 
ty) : ingeninm ad aliquid aptum or habile 
(mental aptitude): ingenii dcxtfritaa, or 
dexteritaa only : to any thing, ad aHqoid 
(readiness and devemess in conduct tO' 
ward Others ; worldly wisdom. Lit., 28, 18, 
and 37, 7, end. In tke sense of ^'■dexteri- 
ty" generally, it is not Latin). \\Of a 
letter; dtrectton, prasacriptio. \\ Des- 
ignation by name and place of 
abode. What is your address ? ubi hab- 
itasf II 7*o pay one's addresses to, 
aliquem pctere: alicujoa amoro tcn^ri, 
captnm eaae ; aliouem in amore habt;re 
(to be in love wtth : cause for effect), 
II Speech, aJloquium (address of a persua- 
sive, consolatory, or warning hind. A soft 
address, blandum or lene alloauium, Liv.) : 
allocutio (speaking to) : appellatio (accost- 
ing a man quietly ; e. g., to request any 
thing): compellatio (direct address in a 
speech ; rhetorical term) : oratio (formtU^ 
studied speech) : condo (address to a pop- 
ular or militaiy assembly, harangue) : aer< 
mo (speech of an unpremeditated, conver- 
sational kin^. 
ADDUCE, prodooere (lead forward « 



per$on) : afferre, proferra (irin^ for- 
loard^ : memorare, commexnorare (make 
mention of) : laudnre (jufedaUytopredat): 
citare {to call forth; e. g., aliqaem «ucto- 
rem, a» orufe authority ; but rare in this 
aense). To adduce tottne*se$, testes pro- 
ferra, laudare, proferre, citare, excitare : 
testimonjf, afierre testimoaium : a pa$»- 
age, locum afferre, laudare : a reason^ ra- 
tionem, causam atferre : afierre cur with 
the $ubj. (c. g^ cur credam, afferre poMum, 
Cic.) — 06«. Since producere teatem if 
correct, are may say producere or allerre 
■criptorem ; &ut no( locum, rationera : ci- 
tare locum, indicare. ctferret are wromg ; 
oivi alleffare exemplum. 

ADDLCTION. || Of examplee, pa»- 
•ages, Sic.: prolatio: commemoratio (fke 
tBenlioning of them). 

ADDUCIBLE, qui prodoci, afferri, &c^ 
potest Vid. Adduce. 

ADEPT, Wskillful, expert, Vu». || In- 
itiated, mysteriis initiaOis ; also mysta 
or mystes. 

ADEQUACY, prps., bonitaa (goodness) : 
Justus numcrus (jnvper number) : conve- 
nientia (suitableness). 

ADEQUATE, quod satis esse ridetur 
or visum est : par : satis idoneus : suffi- 
ciens, used absoluteiy in this sense, belongs 
to a late age. An adequate knowledge of 
sny thing, * satis idonea alicujus rei sci- 
«itia. n -dn adequate supply, satis, 
with gen. 

ADEQUATELY, satis (sufflcienter. lau 
Latin) : convenienter, congruenter alicui 
rei : apte ad aliquid. 

ADHERE, adhwrdre alicui reL Hence, 
to cling to ; of properties, customs, 
Stc, : ha;r6re alicui : mandre (to remain). 
Sin adheres to him, lueret ei peccatmn. 
\\ Cling to; am devoted to, adbeeresco 
alicui rei : amplector or amplexus feeneo 
aliquid. To adhere to Justice and virtue, 
Justitias honestatique adhierescere : jus- 
titiam honesta te mque amplectL ||//eiice= 
to be an adherent of any body, dedi* 
turn, addic&m esse, iavere, studere ali- 
cui : favere alicujus partibus ; studiosunn 
esse alicujus ; esse e partibus alicujus ; 
■c(^ui, sectarl aliqucm ; sequi alicujus auc- 
tontatem; assectari aliquem; assectam 
or scctatorem esse alicujus (the last three 
especiallM of the followers of sowu more 
potoerful person). TV» adhere to a philo- 
oophical sect, sequi philosophiam ; ease ab 
allquA disciplini. 

ADHERENCE, cohnrentU (mutual ad- 
herence): BihgSLtio (the tying together, knit- 
ting together). \\ Attachment, studinm, 
amor alicujus : voluntas in aliqucm (with 
or vithotu propensa) : caritas alicujus or 
in aliquem (t^eetion arising from high 
estimation) : observantiA (resp^:tfkl atten- 

ADHERENT, asstcla (mosUy term of 
contempt ; also scholar, follower of a philo- 
oophical sect : aectator and assectator, in 
thu sense, belong to the Silver Age) : socius, 
amicus (friejia) : fautor, studiosus alicu- 
jus (favorer) : cultor, admirator (admir- 
er.) A man's adherents (in a political 
sense), qui sentiunt cum aliquo, qui stant 
cum or nb aliquo ; qui faciunt cum aliquo ; 
qui alicujus partibus favent; aui alicui 
student An adherent of the nobility, no- 
bilium amicus, optimatium fautor; do- 
bilitatis fautor or studiosus. || Female 
« JA eren (, fautrix: cultrix; alicujus stu- 
diosa. To be an adherent. Su under 

ADHESION. \\ Adhesiveness, lenti- 
tia: tcn&citas. ^Attachment to a person 
or party ; prps.^ studium alicujus : bmer 
by ercL 

ADHESIVE, tpnax (sticky, tenacious; 
e. g., vox): resinacdus (like reotn): g^n- 
tln6aus {like glue). 

ADHESIVENESS, lentitia (jgluHnosi^ 
iy): tenacitaa. 



ADIAPHANOUS, non pcllucldus : non 
translucidus. To be aaiaphanous, non 
per- or trana-hicAre ; luoem non trans- 

ADIEU, vale 1 valMs I To bid adieu to 
any body, aliquem salvfire jobeo ; alioni 
Tatodioere (Silver Age, mU poeUcetl). To 


bid a fin e d adieu , anpremom T a ledBcere (jf). 
Fio., to bid adieu to (e, g., Itfe, vice), ro- 
nuntiare (vitas, vitiis). 

ADJACENT, finitlmus (lying on the 
borders of) : c<HifInis (Aov^^ a common 
boundary) : vicinns, propinquus («mot) ; 
all four with dot. : coAJimetus alicui looo : 
contlnens alicui loco, or cum aliquo loco. 
Obs., atflnis, in this sense, hardly belongs 
to classical prose (though found Lie., ^ 
17, 5): contiguus, conterroinus, poetical 
and laU: limitanens, very late. To be ad- 
jacent to, ac^dre alicui tom, or all- 
quam terram; inuninere alicui term: 
tangere, attinoere, coDtingere terram. 

ADJECTIVE, appositum, adjectivum. 
An adjective, epitheton (Quint.). 

ADJOIN, (TA.), iladdero, adjungere, 
ad-, sub-jicere (aliquid alicui rei or ad ali- 
quid : subjicere only alicui rei). Sitn. in 
Add. (intb.) || 7*o be adjacent to; ef 
countries. Vid. Adjacent. || (Jf build- 
ings, continuari alicui loco (to join it). 

ADJOINING, II nearest, proximut. 
Adjacent. Vid. 

ADJOURN, differre, proferre, con-ferre 
^diflerre may be used of an indefinite ad- 
journment ; but not pro- or con-ferre) : 
prolatare (e. g., comltia, diem. Sec, to 
put nff"S : rojiccre, rcservare (to put off 
what should be done now) : prodicere 
(diem ; to Jit a more distant day). To ad- 
journ to another time, in aliud tempus dif- 
lerre, proferre, rejicere : to the next day, 
aliquid ditierre in crastinnm: in poste- 
rum diem oonferre : for some days, ali- 

?uot dies proferre or promovdre. Vid. 

ADJOURNMENT. dUatia prolatio. 
To pray for an adjournment, petere dila* 
tlonera. By adfounutent, dUferendo, 

ADJUDGE, addicere (general term) : 
adjudicare (pronounce it his, judicially 
or authoritattvely). The propertw to any 
body, bona alicui addicere : the kingdom 
to Ptolemy, adjudicate regnum Ptolemeeo : 
a triumph, honors, a sum of money to any 
body, decemere alicui triumphum, hono- 
res, pecuniam. || Fix a punishment, 
constituero. dicere : irrosare had not this 
meaning till the time of the empire ; btfore 
this it meant to prmtose the punishment to 
be inJHcted on any body by tke people. 7b 
adjudge any body to euffer such a punish- 
ment, constituere aliom poBnam : to pay 
such a fine, dioere aUcui mulctam. 

ADJUDICATE, fi^ere judicium: sen- 
tentiam dicere (by word ofmouth) or ferre 
(by tablete) : about any thing, alicujus rei 
or de aliquA re : about any body, de aliquo. 

ADJUDICATION. || act of adjudg- 
ing oroperty to any body, addictio; 
e. g., txroorum (Cic) : a^judicatio (Dig.). 

ADJUNCT, «., i e., ofi aceeeeory 
thing or pereon : accessio (e. g.. Syphmx 
was an accessio Punid belli) a mere ad- 
junct, not the principal enemy. A lean-to, 
or building added to a house, was an ac- 
cessio ; and Pliny speaks of cups so orna- 
mented with jewels that the gold was a mere 
accessio). i| An associate or aesisP 
ant in office, adjutor. 

Adjunct, ac^., joined to, jnnctns, 
coQJunctus. " If death were adjunct to my 
act** (Shah.), si pouiam sequi oporteret, 
ut supplicio afficerer. 

ADJUNCTION, adjnnctio: appositio 
(act of placing by or after) : ndjeotlo. 
II Thing joined, accessio: additamen- 

ADJUNCTIVE, |l«*«f which is join- 
ed, adjuncdvus (e. g., modus, the subjunc- 
tive, Diom.) 11«., one who joins, ad- 
junctor (Cic, but only in a bitter, taunt- 
ing poMsage). 

ADJURATION. ||ac( of pronosing 
an oath: crcL by verbs under ADJtTBK. 
U Form of an oath proposed to any 
body, jurisjurandi verba or formula : jus- 
jurandum. Vid. Oath. ||=£arne«t en- 
treaty, obCestatlo: ohsecratio (Stn. in 

ADJURE, n impoee « preecribed 
form of oath, jnrejnrando, or jusjuran- 
dum, or ad Jusjurandum aUquvm adigere: 
aUquem saoramenio adigfire or rogare (of 
soldiers): jurc^urando aliquem astrinm- 
re^ obstringere, obUgare (6nui iy on oou) : 


Jwliiraiiduiii ab aliquo exigere : jusjnraii> 
dnm alicui deferre. ^Nearly=.implore: 
obtastari (to call Ood to wttness, and im- 
plore anu body in a suppliant manner. 
Dig.) : obsecrare (to implore urgently by 
all that is holy ; by all a man holds sacred). 
Jn. implorare et obtestari. Bu any body, 
per aliquenL To aefjure by aU Aat is so- 
cred, all you hold dear, ice, mnltis, om- 
nibus, inf Imis precibus petere, orare ; 
omnibus precibus orare et obt»tari di- 

ADJUST, ordinare (general term to 
bring into order, regulate: disciplinam, 
Lie. ; litem, Cic ; res publicas, Hor.) : in 
ordinem adducere, redigere: disponero 
(10 dispose, according to a plan, in ven4- 
one places) : digerdre, in ordinem digero- 
re (to distribute, so that what belong togeth- 
er may be placed together, and each group 
be separated from the rest : jus civile in 
genera, Cic.) : dispensare (to distribuu 
proportionauhi) : componere (to arrange, 
so that ths whole may present a pUatbig 
anpearance) : collocaro. constituere (to 
jtx) : describere (to eketch, arrange by « 
wruten order, describere classes centuri- 
asGue ex censu (Liv.): explicare (wo- 
fold; to arrange a confused, entangled 
mass). To adjust hair, cauUlum com- 
ponere; crines or capillos oiirerere (t); 
capillos disponore (Or.) ; capUlos come- 
re ; comam in gradus formare, frangero : 
the folds of a mantle, Sec, collocare chU- 
m^^dem ut apte pendeat (Or., Met., % 
7m) : componere pallium or pallam (Jbr 
chlam^dem, paHium, vid. Mantle). To 
adjust on^s affairs, rem familiarem con- 
stituere ; res suas ordinare ; res familia- 
res componere : a plan of military opera- 
Hone, totius belli rationem describere : • 
merchants or tradesman's affairs, alicu- 
jus negotia explicare : limits, boundaries, 
fines constituere, terminare. To adjust 
disputes, controversias componere (Ctes.). 
II ^dapt one thing to another, ac- 
conunodare aliquid alicui rei or ad ali- 
quid : facere or efficere ut aliquid con- 
grOat or conveniat cum re. Vid. Adapt. 

ADJUSTER, ordinator, dispositor (hotk 
in the Silver Age) : qui aliquid ordinal^ 
diitpdnit dio^rit Sec. 

ADJUSTMENT, ordinatio: constitntio 
(e. g., rcli^onum, Cic) : institutio (e. g^ 
rerum, C'c.) : acconunodatio (rei ad ui- 
quid). Or by cjux. with verbs under Ad- 

ADJUTANT, adj&tor tribfkni militam 
(after OrelL, Inec, .3517, where adjutor 
comicularii) : * adjutor castrensis [optio 
=iprpe., sergeant]. 

ADMEASUREMENT, dimensio: assig. 
natio (allotment ; e. g.. agrorum, CHc). 

ADMENSURATION. dimensio (meao- 
urement) : assignatio (allotting, allotment. 
Obs., not attribudo, which is uiie act of re- 
ferring any body to some other person far 

ADMINISTER, administrare (to man- 
age or administer any thing : negotium, 
rem, bellum. rempublicam, magistra- 
turn) : fungi aliquA re (to perform any 
thing thoroughly, and to on^s own satis- 
facaon: munere, offldis, honoribus) : gc- 
rere (to bear, to carry on ; with reference 
to one^s conduct in power : magistratun^ 
imperium, honores, rempubUcHm, rem, 
rem bene, male) : prttesse alicui rei (to 
preside over k) : procurare (to manage 
any thing for another in his absence). 
\\ Afford, ViD. II Contribute to, Vid. 
Phb. to administer an oath to any body, 
alicui jusjurandum deferre (to put hhn on 
his oath ; to tender an oath to him) : Ju* 
rejurando aliquem astringere, obstringe- 
re, obli^re (to bind any body by oo^V 
To admmister physic to any body, dare al- 
icui medicamentum (ad or contra all- 
quid) : medicamentimi potui dare alicid 
(ifitiea draught) : adhibere medidnam 
aucui (to enguoy it in any body's ease). 
To administer poison to any body, ven6- 
num alicui inAmdere. To administer the 
sacrament of the Lord's Supper, * celebrare 
eucharistiam. To adminteter justice, Ju- 
didum facere (of coming to a decision in 
a particular case) : jus dicere, dare, red* 
d#re (general term for pronouncing sen- 
teneCf eepeeiedbf of the preHor, mnd govern' 


am of p-m&in nn) ; Jodidmn exttnkn ((# 
fn m dt over m juSdal vtvBtMiig9iio%t m 

{gtMsrol term; e. ^ reipobUco, pnadU 
noba, Stc.) : fooctio (perfifrmanee of the 
eUi^ations laid npo% o%e fry amtf tkm^, 
hoBorom, A^) : procuratio (BMna^oM»! 
jbr onotker im kio abeenee ; e. ^ «Iien»> 
nun boDorum). M Bodf intrusted 
with the management of a nation^s 
off air o, *qai toCi reip«buce admini*- 
tnnd» prvpooita sant : * qvd prefecli 
•imt rebo« publicis : * rerum pooliauruin 
coratores : procaratom regni, or qui in 
procoratione r^ni sunt (^ e^ kAo ruieHn 
Ike name of a king wko to a »M«r, imbo- 
eUe, Sec). || Taek or office of man- 
aging a nation'e affair», adminia- 
tntio reipobUc» ; negolia publica ; mam- 
Bu nnpoTUi Fcram. 

ADMINiaTRATOB, adminiacrator : 
proeurator (manager for amotker): qui 
aliqaki adnriniatrat. alicui rei prmvt. Sec. 

ADMIRABLE, iwortky of admira. 
tion, admiratione dignoa ; ndrandos ; ad> 
Bunmdiu; mirabiUa; admirabiUa. ||£x- 
cellentj egregiiia, eximina, ezceUena, 
prgicellena, pmstans, pneatabOia. [Syn. 


ADMIRABILITY. ? .».*«i„mu*.. 

ADMIRABLENESS, i »*»»«««» 

ADMIRABLY, ^in a manner tkat 
ealle for admiration^ adoiirabOiter : 
admirndnm in modom. H WonderfuUy, 
aanun in modiiTn : minun quanCiun (m 
an atraordinanf manner or degree). Ex- 
ceilentlf, admirabiUter : egregie; ezi- 
mae: exodlenter. 

ADMIRAL, prafeotna elaaaia ; das 
pnaiectaaqae claada; qui claMi prseat 
To make any hodtf an admiralt praipooere 
aliqaem nariboa ; preficere idiquera clas- 
ti T^ he a» admiral^ claasi prseaae, 
|ii»p < witum eaae ; toti oflSdo OMoitlnK} 
prepoitoun eate. Tlte admUraT» ehipt 
MTia pracoria. 7^ admirate Jiagt *in- 
iigne nnria pnMorie. 

ADMIRALSHIP. nunma imperii marl- 

ADMIRALTT, toti officio maritfino 
prKpoaJti {Caee., B. O. 3, 5). 

ADMIRATION, miratio. admiratia To 
admiration, admirationem fiicere. 
admirationem habere (admira- 
tioncm mordre, to excite aetonialment^ of 
tkiagay. To be oeixed ndtk admiration^ 
admrado me capit or inoeaait FuU of 
admiratian {aetoniekmeni), mirabondna. 

ADMIRE, mirari (wonder at eometking 
««, etrange. Sec) : admirari (oppoeed to 
eootemnerc, to regard eometking witk ad- 
miratian ae being great or good) : auapi- 
eere (to look np to witk a eenee of inferior' 
far). To admire exceedinglfft ▼ehementer 
admirari. To be admired^ admiratiooe 
affid : to be mndk admired^ in magsA ad- 
Biratione eaae. A man wko epeake witk 
eia^nenee and wi^hm ie greatbf admired, 
marina eat admiratio copioae et sapienter 
iamOia. ^ CoHoquiaU^^zto be in love 
witkf amore aUcujus teneri or captum 
CMe ; aliqaem in amore habdro ; amare. 

ADMIRER, admirator. To be a great 
admirer ^fomif bodjf^ admiratioDe celebra- 
re alimiem. J^Lover^ amana (one wko 
naik/ MM«) : amator (one wko acts ae if 
ke lomd, wkelker ke doe» or not : aprefaa- 
•ilooee): ofacAiivriamana, amicus, ama- 
tor alkujna rci (uU amator ekowing kie 
f e di ng bf kie action») ; cultor alicujua rd 
(as* wko akow» a kigk ettiatation of it) : 
atu&waa aHeaioM rei (taking a liveif in- 
term in ir) : cooaeetator alici^juf rei (pur- 
owing it eagerbh. 

ADMIRINGLT, in admirantia modam. 

ADMISSIBLE, accipiendas : dianos qoi 
(^«s, qood) aec^iatur (acceptabiUs aa/y 
oedeoiaetieed) : probabilia, probandos 
(foerking approkmtion of) : aoquna, com- 
awdaa (>Wr: o^ propotal»^ condition», 
Ac.): lidtoa (aUowed). H Wkat ongkt 
to be conceded, concedendaa. 

ADMI86IBIUTY, ^wortkinee» of 
being receiwed, aeatetimeo "commooa 
ratio, commcyttfaa (agreeabieneet, tuita- 
Ueneei) : «qoitaa (Jaime»») : probabiUtaa 
idetak ^ opprobation\ Bui moothf fry 
to amf tko admiMibak]f »f any 


aeoipieodam ease aegare : •<> 
miteibHitf of any bodif» emdenoe, fidea («o 
far a» it d u ero e» croaiC) ; graritaa («9 far 
a» it ha» weigkt). 

ADMLSS10K.'|i(A« being admitted, 
or privilege of being admitted, ad* 
miaaio (poet-Auguatan, dU privilege of an 
audienoe witk tk» em p ero r. Sec.) ; amtaa. 
To pray for odmieeion, *peto ut intromit- 
tar or recifnar. TTUre u no admi»»ion, 
nemini aditaa patet 7b;vroc«re any body 
admieeion to any bodo or any tking, alicni 
aditnw pate&cere ad aliquem or aliquid. 
TTke admi»»ion of Ugkt, admiaaua aolia. 
To refu»» any body admitoion, aUcui adi- 
tam negare; alicui adiliim oonreniendl 
noo dara (to rtfuae kkn an audience) : ja- 
XkxA prohibere : aliquem aditu jano» arc6< 
re : aliquem excludere. || Coneeeeion, 
coDcesaio. Tki» admi»»ion being made, 
quo conoeaao: quibna conceaaia. See 
lokat an admioeion I make you, L e., witk- 
out eompuloion, Tidete quid Tobla largiar. 

ADMIT, inCromittere, admittere : red- 
pere, excipero (to reeeioe) : »om»time» in> 
lundere (to allow tofUtw in; e,g^ himiinea 
honuliorea in aUenum. genua, CVe. : agmi> 
na in 0ra»ciam, Curt.). To adinit tke ene- 
my into tke town, boati patefacere urbem; 
hoetem in urbem accipere. Ifot to admit 
anf body, aliquem introitu profaib^re, all* 
cm introitam praicludere (general term, 
to prevent from entering). Vid. **refu»e 
a dmie» ion,** under AoMfSMtoM. Toad- 
nut any body, alicui aditum dare. aUqoem 
admittere (general term): alicui aditam 
conveniendTdare ; alicui copiam aui dare 
(10 grant an etudienee). Pereon» of tke 
loweet rank are admitted to kiai, nemo tam 
humilia eat, cui nan aditua ad eum pateat 
||7*o concede, concedere: krgirt (to 
concede grodoudy, witkout compuUion) : 
fateor (oppoeed to celare, diado»» any 
tking) : c<Nifiteor (eonfe»» in conaequence 
of fueationa, menaeea, eompidaion) : dare 
(to preaent an opponent witk it a» a prelim- 
inary eonce»»ion). Do you admit tkat t 
Sue ^Ba^el witk aec and inf. Wko can 
ketkate to admit tki» t quia hoc non dede- 
ritt If you admit tki»^ you mM»t alao ad- 
mit tke former, dato hoc, dandum erit 
iUud. Admk tki» to be eo, or to be tke 
caae, ait aane; &e or demua ita eaae. 
II Admit, admit eapakiU ofreoeio- 
itff altering, Sec (Vid. SunrxR.! 7b 
aoMft ^ aome excuae, habere aUquld ex- 
cuaationia. To admit of no delay, dila- 
taonem non pati; dilationem or cuncta- 
tionem non recipere (fro(A of tkinge). 
Thie admita qf no doubt, de hoc dubltari 
non poteat 

ADMITTANCE. Vid. AomsnoN. 

ADMIX. adndacAre aliquid alicui rd: 
or aliquid aliquA re; or cum aliquA re 

ADMIX'nON. )admixtio (aa action): 

ADMIXTURE, jadmixtum or rea ad- 
mixta (aa thing). 

ADMONISiJ, mongre, admondre. ao 
any tking, aliquid or witk ut (to warn by 

rtaUng to a man'e rea»on and Judgment ; 
latter, wtootlff, by putting km in mind 
of eometking pak) : ncMtan, adhortari (to 
appeal to kie wiU and reaolution, tno^ly 
from a friendly motive, and by pointing 
out tke adoantagea of tke propoeed line cf 
conduct: toexkorC); (9 any taiii^, aliquem 
ad aliquid (in oliquid not good) or witk uL 
ADMONISUER. monitor, admoaltor: 
hortator. exhortator (exkorter, encoura- 

ADMONISHMENT, )monitio. adraoni- 
ADMONITION, j tio : monitua, ad- 
monStua (only in abl): a» tking, moni- 
tnm. admonitum : hortatio, exhortatio. 
Syn. in Admonish. Not to Uoten to any 
bodife admonition», aliquem monentem 
non audire. To liaten to any bodife wi»e 
admonition», * audire or facere ea, qtxm 
quia aaplentcr monuit : fry my admonition, 
me monente: for your admonition, tui 
monendi canai (or witk portcp., e. g., te 
moniturua h»c dico). 

ADMONITIONER, prpa., admonitor 
non uimia verecundna (Cic, FawL, 9, 6) : 
cenaor, or censor oaatigatorqne : patmna 
(unela ; ao uaad prooarbiaUy, Hor^ Sol, % 

ADMONITORY, mooitorliii (&».). 


ADO. ^trouble, difficulty, 
tium: wik muck ado, rix. i^re. asger* 
rime, magno labore. multo negotio, multi 
operA, muUo labore or tudore. To kava 
aiuck ado, to auger, aagre or asi^errime aU* 
quid pati ; to compel tkem, plurimum ne> 
gotii habere, ut cogam. See. : to get tkem 
acroae tke river, wgenime conficere ut 
flumen tranaoant Tkere wae muck ado 
to get it done, difficulter atque sgre fiebat. 
\\ Bustle, tumult, turba or turb» (aal> 
dom), tnmultua. To make muck ado, tu- 
multum facere, tumultuari: ofroirt noth- 
ing, excitare ductua in aimpftlo, at dic^ 
tur (Prov. C7^ da Xrf^^., 3, 16, 36) ; magno 
conatu m^paa nugas dicere (if in word». 
Ter.). H Witk no more ado, aine morA or 
dilatione; atatim. 

ADOLESCENCE, adolnacentia (fhm 
17 to 30, or even 40). Vid. Youth. 

ADOPT, adoptare (a minor) : arrogare 
(ajt older perann ; wko may even be tke fe^ 
tker of a family). H Imfbopx.. To adopt 
a reaoluaon, conaiUom capere or inira 
^&ciendi attquid ; or witk ut. or i^f. ; or 
de aliquA re) : conatituere (to reaeive, to 
Ja). To admit a reading, lectionem. 
ecripturam redpeTc. 

ADOPTER, adoptator (OelL, Ulp., 
Dig.) : arrogator (Oiff^ Ulp.) : pater adi^ 
tlrua (UJp.). 

ADOPTION, adoptk): arrogatio (Stic 
<« Adopt). 

ADOPTIVE, adoptrroa. (Oc; e. g.. 

ADORABIaE, Tenerandna, TenerabiUa: 
•ancte renerandua : aanctua. 

ADORATION, Teneratio ; adoratk» 
(early, and in livy. Sec.) : cultaa. Vid. 

ADORE, venerari, adorare (tke latter 
tke stronger, not uaed by Cic : botk witk 
tke addition qfui deum. wken apoktn at a 
mion to wkom divine honor ie paid). || /i» 
a wider aenae^to looe and konor, co- 
lore (e. g.. a female). 

ADORER, venerator (poetical Ov.): 
cultor. A tealoua or eonatant adorer, na- 
aiduna cultor. \iOf a female. Sec, cul- 
tor (Ov.). To have atofiy adorer», ia 
magnA admiratione eaae. 

iu>ORN, ornare (general term) : deoo- 
rare (oppoeed to wkat ie ordinary or un- 
aeemly : ornare. oppoeed to wkat ie paltry 
and nteoatplete. Dig.) : exomare (to dreea 
or deck out: alao of adorning a epeeck)z 
diatingu^re (to reHove, by omamenta placed 
kere md tkere: alao of a epeeok) : o6mere 
(to dreaa. L e., arrange omaementaUy; e. 
g.. Ike kead, hair: alao, figuratively, a 
apeacA). Witk any tking, ornare, exoma- 
re, diatinguere, or diadnguere et omara 
(aea before), idiquA re ; excoUre allquA ro, 
or omatu alicnjua rei (to embeUiak witk) ; 
e. g., tka walla witk marble», parietea mar- 
moribua ; a room witkpietnria, eabicolum 
tabularum pictarum omata. To adorn 
on^a aelf, ae exomare (to dreaa myttif 
out). Tke heaven adorned with atara, co»- 
lum aatria diatinctum et omatum. || Ra 
an ornament to, decori. omamento ea- 
ae : decua afferre (all alicui or alicui rei). 

ADRIFT, CRCL., according to tke n^ean- 
ing, fluctibua or tempeatate Jactatua ; in 
aalo fluctuana (Cic,) ; deteraia remia ; nnl- 
lo gubemante; euberaac&Io non habflia 
or *inhab{U8 (Vdlei., "neone habilem go- 
berancnlo"); afllictiis. ||Fio., To run 
adrift =: to wandtr witkout guid- 
ance (of tke mind, Sec), Tagari errore; 
▼agari et erraro. 

ADROIT, dexter (prpii.,poat-Augvatan 
inproee) : in^nioaus (/frr{/« in expedienta, 
in new idea») : aollers (poaaeaaing practi- 
cal geniua and inrenttve power) : acitui 
(kaoing tact, motker-wit, and tke faculty 
of comhinaiion) : calUdua (rlever from ac- 
quired knowledge of men and tke world) : 
catna (diacovrring and knowing aeeret 
way» and mean») : prudena (naturalluju- 
diciou») : perltua (lUicujuB rei. tkilled in 

ADROITLY, dextre (Liv.), aollorter. 
ingenioae, commode, aclenter. perlte, doe- 
te. More adroitly, dexteriua (Hor.). He 
managed the i^aire eo adroitiy, that-^rtam 
— ita dexter cgit, ut (Liv.). 

ADROITNESS, inaenii dexterltaa. ar 
dexfeeritas MU|r (ad attquid. Xfo., qftcct i» 


eonduet toward othtrg; in the $en»e qf 
'*adroUne»^' genrraU^, it U not LaL)'. 
■oUertia, calliditai, prudentia, peritia : m- 
genium ad aliquid i^)tum or habile (notM- 
ral adroitnets, in a particular raipeet)» 
Bts. in Adboit. 

ADRY, sitiens. To 6« adrjf, aitlre. 

ADSC1TIT10U3, adacltut or ascltiu 
(jwrtep^ opposed to natiTiu). 

ADSIIUCTION, astrictio (fld$tringewt 
power, PUn^. 

ADULATION, adulatio, assentatio. 
rvid. Flattbby.) ServUe adulation^ hlan- 
oitia) vemilee {suck as doves brought up 
in their master's house used^ Tac.. IR$t- 
59. 4). 

ADULATORY, adulatorias (TVir,), adu- 
kbilis {late^ Ammian.) i blandicni , blondus. 

ADULT, adultoa; adult» fBtads; adul- 
tA aatate. An adults pubos. 

ADULTERATE, «^ corrumpcre (eor- 
rujit by an internal change of quality^ : 
▼itiare (^general term, to me^fauUy, spotl ; 
e. g., pecunias, mercos): adulterare (to 
introduce what is bad or epwrious into 
what is good and genuine ; e. g., nummos, 
gemmas) : interpolare (to give any thing 
a good appearance by dressing it up ; wwi 
additions ; e. e., mercea : to falsify a doc- 
ument by adduions and erasures) : tron* 
acribcre (to falsify in copying). || Com- 
mit adultery, adolterium facere, inire, 
committere, &«. Vld. Adultery. 

ADULTERATE, Jcorruptus, vltia- 

ADULTERATED,5tua, adulteratus, 
itc Vid. Adultkratb, v. Adulterated 
money, nummos adulterinus (a coin of 
adulterated metaj). 

ADULTERATION, adulteratio. [Viti- 
atio (post-Augustan, and very rare: cor- 
ruptio, Cic twice, but very rare)] Depra- 
ratio (Cic, othtrwiss rar^. 

ADULTERER, adulter (jtotx*0'- aUe- 
narum corruptor fcminarum (seducer of 
other men's wives). \\ Adulterer of coin, 
adulterator (mondt». Claud., Saturn., 

ADULTERESS, adultira (ttotxds). 

ADULTERINE, adulterinus ; adulter- 
ino saneoioe natus (Plin.). 

ADULTEROUS, adulter, a, um. To 
Aa0« had adulterous intercourse with any 
bodies wtfe, adulterio cognoTiue aUcujua 

ADULTEROUSLY, *more adulfiero- 

ADULTERY, adulterium. To commit 
adultery, adulterare : adulterium ioire, 
oommittere, facere : con^ugii fldem riola- 
re (to break on^s marrtage vow: all of 
sins'le acts) : adulteria exerc^re (of the 
habit) : wiUi any body's wifty iJicuJns uso- 
rem adulterare, or adulterio cosnoflcere. 
Taken in adultery, in adulterio deprchen- 
fua: in stupro coraperta (of a female). 

ADUMBRATE, adumbrare (nwre than 
to draw an outline, the outline being sha- 
ded, Freund : also, to give an imperfect 
rrpresentation in words) : delineare (to 
draw an outline). Prb., formam ac spe- 
cicm alicujufl rci adumbrare: tantum- 
modo Bummas attingere (opposed to res 

ADUMBRATION, imago adumbrata 
(opposed to ef&fAea solida et exprcssa) : 
adumbratio (act, and thing formed : edso 
impropr., imperfect representation in words^ 
an attempt, opposed to perfcctio). 

ADUNATION, adunatio (very late, Cy- 
prian) : coi^unctio (Cic., joining togeth- 

ADUNCITY, aduncitaa (e. g., rostro- 
rum. Cic.). 

ADUST, exustus (burned or dried up ; 
e. g., ager) : adustus (burned or scorched 
by the sun^ hence embrowned, brown; 
anuftus color) : concipiendo igni aptus 
(infinmmable) : fiuiUs a!d exardpflcraaura 
(easily ignited) : sometimes fragilis (easily 
brokmfrom being dry). 

ADVANCE. T«., \\move forward, 
propr., promotftre (a camp, troops, chess- 
«en, &C.). ^Promote to honor, ali- 
qnem augCre, tollere, attollero (to raise a 
man to posts of honor in a state) : fovAro 
(10 show faeor to by ontfs ads) : omare, 
exomare (to distinguish) : gratii et auc- 
toritate suA sustentare (support by on^s 
h^uenee). is. angore atque omare : an- 


g/bre et adjurare ; fordre ac toHoro ; sus- 
tmftre ac fovere. To adowiceto any thing, 
producero ad <Ugnitatem (to raise to a post 
of honor) : promovfire ad, or in munus, or 
ad locum (to advance to an office : time of 
empire. Not promoTdre alone): muneri 
prteficore (set over any thing) : munere 
omare. To advance any bowf to a higher 
rank or office, aliquem promovSre ad (in) 
ampUorem gradum, aa ampliora officia. 
^Forward', to advance any body's in- 
terests, servire alicii^Jua conmiodis ; rebus 
or rationibns ahcujus coneulere or pro- 
spicere. 7%« interests or welfare of a state, 
saluti reipublic» consulere; rempubli- 
cam jurare, tueri ; reipublic» salutem 
suBcipere. A study, stuoiis favgre, studia 
concelebrare (by pursuing it eagerly : of 
several persons, Cic, Invent.,\,^, A), \\ En- 
large, promovere (e. g., imperium, mce- 
nio, fee). To advance any bod^s fortune, 
alic^jus fbrtunam ampllficare. || Adorn, 
Vid. W Accelerate, accelcrare aliquid 
(fo hasten any thing) : maturare aliquid, 
or with inf. (to endeavor to bring that to 
pass which should be performed now) : re- 
prsscntaro aliquid (to do without delay, 
even btfore the time) : pr»cipitare aliquid 
(to hurry it on too much). (| Propose, 
bring forward, &,e. To advance an 
opinion, sententaam dicerc (to give or de- 
clare an opinion) ; tueri (to maintain it) ; 
apertre (to open or disclose it), &c. i| Pay 
in advance. YidL Advance, s. 

Advanck, TNTaANs., ||ro come for- 
ward, procederc (general term: also of 
a player) t progrddi (also of a general) : 
prodire (to come forth j hence, also, to pro- 
ject). II Of an army, rid, Mabch. 
II Make progress, procedere, progredi, 
procedere et progredi, proficcre : in any 
thing, in re ; processus (never in the Oolden 
Age profectum) facere in re. To advance 
in virtue, prqrederc ct progredi in virtute ; 
progressionem laccre ad virtutem. 

Advance, s., progressos, progressio 
(propr. et impr.) : processus (improper). 
\\ Money paid or received tn aa- 
vance, *pecunia in anteccssum data or 
acccpta, respective^. To pay any body in 
advance, pecunlam alicui in antocessum 
dare. ||^ step forward, as it were, to 
meet a lover ana fix his attention : perhaps 
the nearest notion is blandlmcntum, blan- 
ditin. To make advances to, pctere : 
prps., per blandimcnta adcredi (used by 
Tac of a mother toward her son) : pellf. 
cere (ad sese) aliquem, or alicujus ani- 

ADVANCE-GUARD, primum agmen. 
Antccursorcs or anteceMon*8 agminis 
(small detachments, setu forward to observe 
the enemy, fix upon the ground for encamp- 
ing, &c.). 

ADVANCER, adjutor alicujus^el (help- 
er, promoter) : auctor alicujus rei (the ad- 
viser and principal promoter) : minister 
alicujus rei (assistant in a bad action ; 
accomplice, abettor) : fautor alicujus or 
alicujus rei (favorer, supporter). 

ADVANCEMENT. Wpromotion, pre- 
ferment, dignitntifl succewio ; oHIcium 
amplius. To hinder any body's adcance- 
ment, aditum ad honores alicui interclu- 
dere. To receive advancfment, honoro 
augcri ; muneri prsefici (of advancement 
to a particular office). Further advance- 
ment, promoveri ad (in) ampliorem era- 
dum, nd ampliora officia; ascendcro (ad) 
altiorem gmdunL From any body, by any 
body's iniertst or support, per aliquem; 
alicujus beneficio ; auctum adjutumque 
ab a]iquo. || Vid. Advance. 

ADVANTAGE, commddum (advant- 
age : also of the advantages belonging to 
an office): ntilitas (sertriceablene^, adrant- 
age to be derived from any thing) : fruc- 
tus (the produce of any thing, the profit 
we derive from a harvest, possession, bttsi- 
ness, ice.) : lucrum (opposed to damnum : 
gain, generally): qua^fltus (gain sought 
for and earned by trade or any continued 
labor) : compendium (a saving : accord- 
ing to DOderiein, •• a single gain of consid- 
erable amount :** opposed to dispondiuro) : 
emolumentum (according to DoderL ** op- 
posed to detrimentom : gain falling to 
omfs share without any exertion of ant's 
own:"* all the other authorities make it the 


mposUet "gain designedly aimed at, and 
obtained b^ our own exertions:" nulla 
emolumenta laborum, Juv.). Advantage 
of ground, loci opportnnitas. 7b derive 
advantage from, utuitatem or fructum ox 
aliquA re capere or perdpere : lucnua«r 
qu»8tum ex aUquA re facere. It is of 
advantage to me, est e re meA; est m 
rem meam ; est mihi utilitati To be of ad- 
vantage to, utilem esse, usui esse, ex usu 
esse (to be serviceable) : utilitatem or usum 
prwbdre, utilitatem afferre : prodesw, 
conducere : to any body, esse ex usu 
alicujus : esse ex re or m rem alicujus 
(of a thing): alicui prodoese, &c. (ofper- 
sdks and things). To do any thing with 
advantage to himself, aliquid ad suam uti- 
litatem facere. Tb have an eye to his own 
advantage^ aliquid ad fructum suum re- 
ferro : privato suo commodo servire (of 
the habtt). To have a keen or sharp eye to 
his own advantage, ad suum fructum cal- 
ibre or callldum esse. \\Superiority, 
principatus, prior locus: exceUentia, prm- 
stantia (excMence). To have the advant- 
age of any body, aliquo potiorem, prio- 
rem esse; aliquem antocodcre. In any 
thing, aliquA re preestare alicui or supe* 
rare, vinccre aliquem. || Circumstan- 
ces of advantage (as properties): vir- 
tus (any mental excellence) : bonum (any 
good thing, valuable property) : laus (any 
property that deserves praise in the eyes of 
anMhar\ External advantages, externa 
bona; bona in specie posita. Adtanta- 
ges of mind and body, bona animi et cor- 
poris. II 7%« advantage was with the Ro- 
mans, L e., the victory, res Romana 
erat superior. In the skirmishes the Go- 
bini mostly had the advantage, parvis prcB- 
liis Gabina res plerumque superior erat. 
{{Opportunity of gain unfairly 
taken : to take advantage of any thing, 
ex aliquA re suam occAsionem pi'tere (e. 
g« ex iiA;omin5do alicujus) : aliquid quaas- 
tui habere : aliquid in suum turpissimum 
qusBstum conferre (of several things, Cic). 
\liTo advantage: to appear to adrant- 
age, placSre ; soUto magis placere, Sec, 
Not to appear to advantage^ pariim pla- 
c6re; soUto minus placere; dippliclrc. 
To be dressed to advantage^ vestlri hone^te 
(opposed to quod satis est: vestiri mid.). 
{{Advantage-ground, locus opportd- 
nus: loci opportunitas : fio., locus excel- 
sus ct illustns (Cic). 

ADVANTAGE, v., prodesse (to be or 
make for any body : opposed to obcMte, to 
make against him : aa «liquid) : condu> 
cere (to contribute to his advantajre: ad 
or in fljiquid : only in 3d sing, and plur.) : 
expedirc (to exfrtcate ; hence to be of ad- 
vantage in difficult circumstances : ad ali- 
quid) : esse ex usu «licujus, esse ex re or 
in rem alicujus (to be for his interest). To 
advantage any body little^ lonee alicui 
abcsse (of a thing). || Tntr., utilem esse : 
usui CBtiG : ex usu esse : utilitatem or 
usum prajh^re ; utilitatem afierre : pro- 
desse, conducere. 

AD VANTAG EOUS, quiestuosus (bring, 
ing rich profit ; e. g., mercatura) : lucro- 
SU9 (gain fid: of gain accruinj^ from the 
thing itself { o. g., frnus) ; utilis (srrrice. 
able for the purpose of gaining an advant- 
age) : all three, also ; to any body, hlicui : 
commddua (conveniertt, serviceable) : op- 
portunus (eonrenimtly situated or eireum- 
stancedfor assisting in the attainment of 
an object ; of time and place) : fructuosiis 
(brimring profit to be enjoyed) : snlubcr, 
ealut&ris (healthy : salutary). {{ To b e 
advantatreous. Vid. Advantage, r. 

ADVANTAGEOUSLY, utiUter, bene, 



ADVENT, adventus (arrival, coming). 
The first Sunday in Advent, dominica pri- 
ma Advcnhls (EccL -* Catech. CondL 

ADVENTITIOUS, adventicius or -Hus 
(1. e., "cxtrinsficus ad nos perveniens; 
non nostrum aut nostro laborc paratum," 
Enu : opposed to projMrins, innfttus, insf- 
tus). Jn. extemus et or atque adventi- 

ADVENTURE. Vide Accident ; 
Chance. {HEnterprisSt pericQlum 


{dangtr): alea igam» of hazard : Aax> 
ard) : fatcinoa, fadniu radftx (bold deed) : 
dinucatio fortonat or foitunaram, rite or 
capitia (danger where onefo proptrt^ or 
Vift It at atake). ||X( all adventure», to- 
mere, fi Strangle or remarkable oc- 
eurrenetj casoa, *cMQa miiiOcos: res 
mire, mirifice, inoaitat». Jmet with an 
a d w eui arty res mim, &c., eTenerant mihL 

AOVENTURC; r. ti^ aliqnid in «leua 
dare : ire in «leam tlicujus rei {to peril or 
riek My thing) : aliqaid anddro (to dare 
cay thiatgy: pericftlom alicajiu rei or in 
afiqoA re uoere ; aliquid tentare, experi- 
ri, periditari {to tn/ on^» huk m a daur 
geroue bmetmeee). Jn. experiri et peri- 
diari Oa^e bfe, committere ae pericn- 
lo mortia. iKnL, }\»ittatm aubire, adire : 
ae in casnm dare (fo ran the risk) : an- 
d^re (to dare). 

ADVENTURER, qui tentat ao pericli- 
tatar fbrtonam ; *qm incerta fata quorit 
(erne who meke adventuree) : homo yftgua 
(a wanderer from land to land). 

ADVENTUR£dOH£. Vid. Aotxn- 




ADVENTUROUS, atidene (boldy in a 
good eenae^ eepedalUf ef a eimgle act) i au- 
oax {bold in good or bad eense : of the 
heat) : confldeoa {fuU of eelf-cofUiaenee^ 
in a bad oenoe) : tenserariaa {raek). Jn. 
tomerarina atqne aadax. To be adden- 
Cwtnu, aod&cem or aodaciA coDfidentem 
e«e. ^Haiardoue, dangeroue, of 
ibingSj periculoaoa {fuU of danger) : an- 
eepa {threatening eaual danger from two 
eiia): dafaina {doiatfid^ ae to how it may 
tarn out). Jx. periciiloaua et anceps. 

ADVENTUROUSLY, aodacter, confi- 
denter, temere. 

AD VENTUROUSNESd, aodentia (bold- 
aeaeaealamdable epiritofenterprim); au- 
dacia(&tftdiu», in good or bad eenee) : con- 
idemia (praiianptuome eelf-cmfidenci) : 
temeritaa jjaAneee). 

ADVERB, adrerbiam. Adnerbe of 
flaet, loci adverbia (Qatnit). • 

ADVERBIAL, adrerbii vicem obtlnena. 

ADVERBIALLY, adverbialiter {DiouL, 
Oarie^ Priee.). 7b 6« noed adoerbiallif, 
adTert)iomm obtindre vicem {Quint.) ; in 
adTerbnun tranaire (Qatnt.). 

ADVERSARIA, Wnote-booky com- 
mon place-book, libeHua: commenta- 
hdfaim, eonunentarii (rid. &AiUs, Let, 
&c^ smh «oc 06«^ adreraaria ie also a 
dof-bockj in which aeoonnte were eet 
dawn at the moment, to be ^lerward trane- 
ftrred to the ledger). 

ADVERSARY, adreraarioa (any oppo- 
nent, in thejuid, politico, a court ofjudi- 
ctturt, &C.) : qui contra dicit : qui con- 
tra dispacal {opponent in a learned argn- 
mtnt) : qui aliciii adveiyttor {of any op- 
ponent). In the epe e eh n of an advocate, 
the opponent ie moetly deoignated by iate, 
wUhout anm contemptuoue meaning). To 
be any bodtfe adoereary, alicai reriatere, 
otwatere, reponiare {toreeiet by aetione) : 
tUcvi adrermri {to be opposed to any bod^e 
•pinion, Wafcft, view^. \^If^sienemy. 

ADVERSATIVE, adreraatiTuaCPriac.). 

ADVERSE, ^oppoeite^ adrcrsus, con- 
tnrina. Advene wind, rentoa adveraua, 
cooCrarius. To have adverse winds, ed- 
verna ventia uci ; rentua nrihi adveraum 
teneL f Against any bodw^e pur- 
pose and wish, adrerana. Aaveree for- 
tune, adreraa Ibrtona, caaita triatia, adrer- 
aaa. Adverse cir cumstanc e», rea adreraas 
iacommodae. ^Personally opposed, 
adrenua {opposite)', infenoua (eari^ea 
•g^n»f). Jx. infensna et adreraua. 

ADVERSITY, adveraa {neMt. plnr., op- 
nosed to aeeunda or proepera, m^avora- 
Ue event», whoher hapnening to individu- 
al» or state»): roa adreraas fbrtun» a£> 
ficte, /roM tk» Jmext fartanm only {un- 
fortmnaU eirrumotances t especially with 
refertnee to pr op e r ty and civil relatione) : 
fcrtuna adwraa {an wnhappyfats, the re- 
sult of blind ckmmce) : eaaua adveraua, or 
from the context CMoa only {a misfortune 
iipiiiiiiay to a» individuate^. eeMunitaa. 
{am accident attended urith great loss or in- 
jwry: aim im wetr): miaeria iwrvtcksd- 


ne»s caused by a long-continued pressure 
of evU). Fortuna mala (evil Fortune, a>n- 
sidered ae a deity) : aceriritatea, " aottr ad- 
versities,** Shak. To be in adversity, to 
suffer adversity, in malia eaac, jacere ; in 
malia veraari: in miaeriA eaae, Teraarl 
To suffer much advereity, multum mala- 
rom rerum auatinere. 

ADVERT, animam atteodere, adrer- 
tere ad aliquid : advertere aliquem : anl- 
mum intendere, or defigere «t inbmdere, 
iA {seldom ad) aliquid; tenere animum 
attcntum, referre animum ad aliquid ; 
cogitationem intendere ad rem ((am 
OM«^a tKouj(kt» toward any thing). 

ADVERTENCE or -ENCY, animi a^ 
tendo {Cic): oftener intentio {both, the 
turning the attention toward any thing) : 
dUi^entia {the care with which one treaie a 
tubject) : audientia {attention to a speaker, 
for which intentio nuty be used). Advert- 
ence to any thing^ ob^enratio alicujua rei 
{noting it, observing it). 

ADVERTENT, attentua, intentua {with 
a mind attentive, or on the stretch) i erec- 
tua {with the mind excited). 

ADVERTISE, \\ inform, nuncUre all- 
cui aliquid {announce, by letter or by a 
messenger) : jper nuncium declarare ali- 
cul aliquid (fry a messenger^ : certiorcm 
facere aliquem alicujus rei or de aliquA 
re {give him certain information : by let' 
tor, per literaa) : docftrc aliquem aliquid 
or de re (to give him information): de- 
ferre, perferre aliquid ad aliquem {to 
convey inforvuttion to any body) : aignifi- 
care alicui aliquid {to give any boay to 
understand ; especiaUy under a promise 
of secrecy : to give a hint of oay Udn^ : 
by letter, literia or per literaa. \\To gtve 
public notice of, declarare {to an- 
nounce publicly that something is going 
to happen ; e. g., gladiatorial shown, mu- 
nera: oiao oatendere) : predicare (to pro- 
dam by a herald; KnpvTreiv, ivoKtipir- 
TU¥)-: pronunciare {itapaYYS^tiv, pub- 
lish, cause to be prodaimed by a herald ; 
e. g., orders, names of the. eonauerors in 
games. Sec.) : aperire, patemcere {to 
spread the knowledge of). 

ADVERTISEMENT, indicium, aignifl- 
catio {both as the act of giving informa- 
tion and information gtven) : nuuciua {in- 
formation given, especiaUy by a messen- 
ger, but also geruraUf). WDeclaration, 
public notice, pnadicatio, pronuncia- 
tia (Stn. m Adtrbtisk.) ^Admoni- 
tion, monitio, admonitio (aetioa and 
thing) : monltum, admonitum : praecep- 
tum {as thing). 

ADVERTISER, index: delator (one 
who gives information to a magistrate: 
both o/i«i»^proditor) : nundua {one who 
brings inteUigence). \{As name of a 
newspaper, the nearest apression is acta 
diuma, drum. 

ADVICE, conaOium (general term): 
presceptum {direction given by one quedi- 
Jied to teach) : auctoritaa {declared opin- 
ion of a person of weight and influence). 
To give advice to any body, alicui conaUi- 
um dare : conailii auctorcm eaae alicui. 
To give any bodjf good, sound, or sensible 
advice, alicui rectum conailium dare: 
honest advice, fidele conailium alicui dare : 
excellent advice, maxlme utUia alicui ana- 
dSre. To ask any body's advice, aliquem 
conaulere ; by letter, per literaa {alio of 
consulting j^ysician), petere conailium 
ab aliquo. To follow any bodjfs advice, 
aeqiii alionjna conailium ; alicujua conai- 
lio uti ; alicujua eonailio obtemporare. 
T\> act bu any bodj^e advice, facere de or 
ex alicujua eonailio. By my advice, me 
auctore, auaaore, conanaaore; me auc- 
tore et auaaore ; or me auaaore et auc- 
tore ; me auaaore et impulaore : me hor- 
tante {by my exhortation). To despite any 
body'e advice, alicujua consilium apemere 
(Ov.); ali^em monentem apemere {if 
it is wamtng advice, Ov.). To assist any 
body with advice, alicui adeaae, proato 
adeaae, non deeaae. \\Deliberation, 
ViD. With advice, eonailio, conaulte (not 
oonaulto), conaiderutc, remoti temeri- 
t&te. without advice, aino eonailio; in- 
conaidertUe ;. temSre.. \\lntell\gsnce, 
ViD< ^Prudeni consideration^ con- 


ADVISABLE, ntilia : fractaotvfl (JMng- 
ing gain, profit) : aaluber, aalntaria (wAo^ 
some, salutary). Tobeadvisable,Vitii!iotaaa. 


ADVISE, conailium dare. To advise 
to any thing, to do any thing, auctorem 
eaae alicujua rei or with inf. Jqfan advis- 
er whose advice is that principally consid- 
ered) : auaaorem esse alicQJua rei : aua- 
dere alicui aliquid or, utoetly, with ut {to 
advise bw aiming at influencing the un- 
derstanding"^ : hortntorem ewe alicujua 
rei: hortari aliquid: hortari (aliquem) 
with ut {to exhort ; to aim at influencing 
the wilt). Jn. auadere et horteri : auc- 
torem et auaaorem eaae : mondre {to 
give warning advice, appealing to the con- 
sciousness end judgment ; followed by ut, 
m») : ccnaeo {to give it as on^n opinion ; 
with ut, or suij. without ut). To advise to 
concord, borttui ad concordiam : to peace, 
pacia auctorem csae ; paccm auadire. / 
advise you to leave off, cenaeo doeiataa. 
Win form, Vid. WConsult, Via 

ADVISED, Waeting with delibera- 
tion. Sec. : conidderatua : circumapectua 
(circumspect): cautua (cautious): prorf' 
aena, prudena {acting with foresight). 
Jn. prudena et proTldua; prudena et 
cautua. }\Done or chosen with con- 
sideration, conaideratua : circumapec- 
tua. ||/// advised, ioconaideratua {of 
person and thing : acting or done without 
deliberation): temerariua (rash): incau- 
tua {incautious). 

ADVISEDLY, considerate {opposed to 
inconaiderate) : caure {opposed to in- 
caute): conaulto, conaiUo (considerately, 
with deliberation) : de or ex induatriA : 
datA or deditA operA {with pains; pur- 
posely). To do (tny thing euivisedly, con- 
aulto et cogitatum &cio aliquid ; aliquid 
prudens acienffque fado. 

ADVISEDNE8S, conaideratio, consid- 
erantia {deliberation) : conailium {matur» 
delibsration) : attentio: diligentia (A«ed- 
ful care) : cautio {caution). 

ADVISEMENT, \\information, Vid. 
^Advisedness, Vid. 

ADVISER, aunaor : hortotor (Syn. in 
Advisk) : impulaor (one who urges on) : 
monitor {a warning adviser) : auctor con- 
aiHi or consiliorum, or from the context 
auctor only (the first proposer or principal 
adviser of the plan). Jn. auctor et con- 
auaaor ; auaaor et auctor ; auctor et im- 
pulaor: conailiariua (^e»«raZ {«rm, a couM- 
sellor: one who stands by any body to assist 
him with his advice) : conaUiorum minia- 
ter, or miniater oiUy (a subordinate ad- 
viser'^. TV» be any bodtfs adviser, aliquem 
consiUo regere. To give any body to any 
body as an adviser, aliquem alicui in con- 
ailium dare. The people has bad advisert^ 
populua malia utltur miniatria. 

ADVOCACY, advocatio: pamxnninm: 
procuratio. (Syn. in Advocate.) || De- 
fence, patrocinium : defenaio : propug- 

ADVOCATE, cauaarum actor: cauaid- 
Icua (general term, a lawyer who uumage» 
causes i the latter a depreciating term). 
The advocate in a cauee, defensor (one 
who dtfmtds another in a court of justice) : 
advocatua (the lawyer who assists and ad- 
vise» any body in the moTiagement of hi» 
cause) : actor (one who conducts a judicial 
aecusationfor any body) : patrdnua cauaas, 
patronua (the advocate who spoke in court 
for his client). In private causes, cogni- 
tor {the agent who managed the case of a 
party who has him»^ appeared in court) : 
procurator (who conduct» the case of an 
absent person in hie own name). See 
Lawteb. a noisy or blustering advocate^ 
rabClla do fbro ; rabula latratorque. Tb 
be an advocate, cauaaa agcre, actitare; 
cansaa dicere in foro; Teraari in foro. 
7b be any body's advocate, cauaam dicere 
pro aliquo ; ti» any thing, de aliquA re : 
dcfendere aliquem de aliquA re; alicui 
cauaiB actorem intercedere. To employ 
an «ulvoeate, adoptaro aibi patronmn, do- 
fianaorem : deferre icauaam ad patronum. 
\\ Champion' of a cause, defenaor: 
]}rapngnator (o. g., libertatia, Cic): pa- 
tr06u8 (e. g., fcBdcrum). 

ADVOCATE, v., pugnare, propugnaio 
pro aliquA re ; de£eiidera aliquid. 


APVOWEE, *patrdnu« : fern, pfttrtaA. 

ADVOWaON, Jos patrdnatAs {ptin- 
licet). To have the adeowton, Jus patro* 
natdfl exereire. 

AERIAL, aftriofl (edating M, or eon- 
aUtin^ of^ our denaer atmomktre) : iBtfae- 
riiu (jetUting <n, or eongimng of, the up- 
per and purtr air) : tomttimu» BpirabUit, 
nabilis {fit for retptrciUm) : ccoleetis (ez- 
ittiHg m, coming fi'omy &c., heaven). 
}li Lofty, aSriot (jpoOical of mounXaitUj 
Ufwen, &C.). 

AERIE, nidus. Vid. Nbst. 

AEROLITE, lapis qui cgbIo decldit: 
aSrolftbus (tecAfttoo/ term). 

AEROMANCY, a«romantIa (Teidorw, 
Orig^ 8, 9). 

AEROMETER, aSrometron (fecknieal 

AERONAUT, «afiroDautes (feehdeal 

AERONAUTICS, *ar8 aeronantica. 

AFAR, procul (oppoeed to juxta, at a 
eontiderabte di et anee, but mwUy wUkin 
Might): Umge (opposed to prop&, at a great 
dutance : moetiy out of»(gkt). Both pro- 
col and longe=(o a great distance and 
from a great distance : emlnus (pppaeed 
to commlnus : oft tuck a distance os to he 
in reach onbf of mieeiles) : e longinquo 
(flppoeed to e propinqno, from a reaUy 

eeat distance) : iter^gre (from a foreign 
\d). To be afar <^, procul or longe 
abesse. To come from ^ar, e longfaiquo 
venire. To follow of or of, magno or lon« 
go intenrallo sequL 

APEARD, territus, ezterritos, porter- 
ritns, trepidus. \^ Aphaio. 

AFFABILITY, affabiKtas ; affabOitas 
■ermdnis : mmstimes cirilitas (jm a 
prinu) : comitas. Stn. in Atfablc 

AFFABLE, affkbUis (pteaeantfy eon^ 
versing with iy^ferior») : c6mia (kind and 
condescending toward inferior»; obliging 
toward equaU) : dvihB (of princes, behav- 
ing toward their suijeau as their fellow- 
citizen : post-Augustan). [C%»., humani- 
tSBisa higher virtue, of which affkbilitas, 
comitas, Ac, are partial manifutatione.] 

AFFABLY, affabiliter (Maerob.) : com- 
iter. Very affably, affabUissime (GelL). 
To behave ^abU/ to every body, erga om- 
■es se affabUem pnastare. 

AFFAIR, res (general Cen») : negotlam 
Qtusiness^ \\ Affair sz^property, &c., 
res familiaris : res domestical, or domes- 
ticB ao fiimiliares. The confusion of hie 
a§axr«, impHeatio rei familiaris. To ssan- 
age any bodf^e affairs, aliciUus negotia, or 
rationea negotiaque procurare. \\Stmo' 
timeersiengagement. Vid. Battle. 

AFFECT, »., \iwork or have influ- 
ence upon, rim habere or exerc6re in 
aliouid (vim exserere is not Latin). 
Wfrork upon (move, touch) the mind, 
movSre, commovdre, permorgre (gener- 
al term») : tansere (to touch, make an hn- 
preseion on ; aliqnem, alicujus animum) : 
mmgere (to raise gentle feelings in any 
body, aliquem or aJicujos animum) : per- 
cntere (to affect violentb^ : afficere, e. g., 
letitiA, Toluptate, Sec. I ^^ Afficere can 
not p ro p er l y be used absolutely for affect 
in this sense, but only in sudi combina- 
tions as, **Your letter affected me 
so," liter» lufs sic me affecerunt, ut, 
Ac,: **they were so affected,*^ eorum 
animi ita aflecti sunt, ut, &c. : it tweets 
me a little, modlce me tangit aliquid : not 
at all, non laboro de ro (/ care nothing 
about itf e. s:., de alicujus morte). To be 
violentlv affected, vehementius movcri. 
fj^fVork upon injuriously, afficere 
(e. g., hunger, cold, &c., affect the body) : 
acmUtare (weaken) : frangere (to opprsse 
the mind): violently, grievously, Sec, can- 
teen (almost to destroy! espedaUy of 
pait^ of body or mind). To affect the 
eyes, oculorum adem obtundere: the 
cold offetiLs any body, *frlgns horrore ali- 
o^}us corpus afficit : to affect his body and 
mind, nervos mentis et corporis fran- 
gere : the whole liver is affe^ed, pulmo 
toCas afBdtor (Cds,). \\Put on the ap- 
pearance of any thing, aimulare 
(pretend): ostend#re: jactara: mm sa 
lerre (to assume ostentatiously) : anectare 
(lo strive t^fter any thing too much : not 
m the SUver Age), ToaffeatksfkiOoso- 


fiJerinhis exterior, phQoaopMs stadSam 
bittt corporis pra» se ferre : constancy, 
friendship, tears, knowledge of anything, 
constantiam, amicitiam, lacrunas, scien- 
tiam rei simuhire : another person^s gait, 
incessum alicujus inepte exprimere : a 
serious hok, a solemn voce, &c, aliquis 
sibi vxiltunx. incessum nttgit^ quo gravior 
videatur. ||^<fa at, endeavor after, 
affectare aliquid (to pursue an object wUh 
eagerness; e. g., imperium in Latinos, 
regnum, Liv. : magniflcentiam rerborum, 
Quint.): petere, appetere (aim at, long 
for; e. ff., honores, pmtQram, prina- 
patum eloquentin, regnum): expetere 
(pursue one object selected from other», and 
therefore the more eagerly, pecuttiam, divi- 
tias) : aspirare ad aliquid (rare : ad ali- 
cujus pecuniam: ad laudem): captare 
aliquid (try to catch or obtain ; plausum, 
voluptatem) : sequi (to pursue : otium et 
tranqnillitatem vitse, virtutem). X^soper- 
sdqui, sectari, consectari aUquld ; stuodre 
alicuirei; concupiscere aliquid ; servire, 
inservire alicui rei; niti, adniti ad all- 
quid. [Vid. Strivk.] JUTobefondof 
Vid. Love. 

AFFECTATION, affectatio (the endeav- 
or to say or write eomething surprieing. 
V. Bremi ad Suet., Tib., 7) : *inepta imi- 
tatio (insipid, unnatural imitation): i^- 
epti» (i\ffected grace» in omf» carriage, 
manner». Sec) : *putida ele^;antia (in 
writing): simulatio (hypocritical imita- 
tion ofanything). 

AFFECTED, (A) of men: putidus 
(one who overdoes the thing ; especial^ in 
speaking) : ineptus (forced) : molestus 
(vexatiously silly) : arte qnadam in oston- 
tationem virtutum compositus: vultuo- 
sns (grimacing): gesticulationibos mo- 
lestus (veting one by his gestures, atti- 
tudes. Sec). To be tweeted in gait, mol- 
Hus incedere (of a mincing, trivping, ef- 
f em i na te gaU^ : magnlfice Inceoere (of^a 
etately one) : m manner, in geetu mollem 
esse, gesticulationibus motestam esse : 
tf» epeeck, pudde (in an staggerated nmh- 
ner) or inepte (in a forced manner) dicere 
or loquL \i(S) of thing», putidus (over- 
done, exaggerated) : molestus (troiMe- 
»ome) : qussltus (sought with pain») : as- 
dtus (borrowed from others, not natural ; 
oppoeed to nativuB). Affeated words, ap- 
parata verba. Affected walk, moQior in- 
cessus (Ov., A. A., 306). 

AFFECTEDLY, putido, inepte. Of 
gait, molllus (mindngly, trippinghf), 
magnifice (in a statdy way). To behave 
dfectedly, *putide ae gerwe. Stn. in 



AFFECTION, || love, Ac. amor (^m- 
eral tsrm, bia espedaUy a passionate kn>e) : 
caritas (any tender, unsensual affection ; 
especialiy that of parents toward their chil- 
dren : not used of things, except country, 
patriiB or erga patriam, reipoblicffi) : pie- 
tas (dutiful Section, natural affectton ; e. 
g., ageaaan toward the gods, onifs rela- 
tions, country. Sec) : benevolentia (good- 
will) : studinm, voluntas (inclination, lik- 
ing for^ : indulgentia (indulgent affection, 
overlooking offences, fauks, Sic.y In post- 
A ugustanprose, affectio (Plin., Tac, &c.) ; 
afTectns (Tac., SueL, Quint.). Affection 
toward or for any body, amor in, erga, ad- 
versus aliquem ; also amor alicujus ; pi- 
etas, benevolentia. voluntas, in or erga al- 
iquem: atudium in aliquem; also alicu- 
jus. Maternal ejection, matemi amoris 
cura : fraternal affection, fratemus amor 
in aliquem. 7b love any body with extra- 
ordiiutry «Section, sinffulari amore ali- 
quem amare ; aliquem in dcliciis habere ; 
summum mo tenet alicujus studium. To 
gain any bod^s affection, alicujus amo- 
rem, benevolcntiam, voluntatcm sibi c«n- 
ciliare. To cherish any bodies «Section, 
alicujus amorem fbvfire ; alicujus carita- 
tem retindre. From affection, propter 
amorem, or benevolent»im ; amore im- 
pulsus, incitatns, ex amore : from pure 
affection, ips4 allqui re cantos : for ttf- 
fretUm, prsB amore. || Affection for 
a thing, oDior, stodiom alieujns rei. 
To have an affeO^on for any thing, aHeu- 
jus rei esse amantem, stodUosom, ^pe- 
fientem, cupidum ; alici^as rei studio (»• 


nftrl, captom ease : «omselNiet aliqald pe- 
tere, concupiscere. [Vid. Inclination.] 
H A state produced in a body or 
mind, affectio (generally of a te mp orary 
state, btU also of a permanent one ; e. g., 
affectio animi constans, CHc, 6td$taii rpv 
Xflf) : (animi) affecttis (m the best pr&se 
writers onlv, state or disposition of mind ; 
but in Qutntilian's time=ira0os', and ih 
plur., "lAs affectiowf' generally ; also, af- 
fection of body, Ceis.). \\Passion of 
any kind, afiectio, affectus (see just fr» 
fore) : animi concitatio : anuni impetus : 
(stronger) animi perturbatio : motus an- 
imi turbatus or perturbatus (violent emo- 
tion : animi afiectio, the state or disposi- 
tion: animi motus, commotio, or permo- 
tio, ewution of the mind generaUy). A 
temporary affection, temporarius aninil 
motus (vid. Quint., 5, 10, 28). Vehemsnt 
or violent affection, acerrimus animi mo- 
tus ; vehdmens animi impdtos. Vid. Pas- 


AFFECTIONATE, tener (tender; sens^ 
itive) : mollis (soft, gentle) : blandus 
(showing visible signs ofaffeetioiC) : amo* 
ris plenus (full ttf love) : amans (mostly 
with gen. Of a person tenderly beloved ; e. 
g., uxoris) : pius (full of dutiful ejection 
to parents, children, Sut.): indulgens (ooer> 
looking finUts). Jn. amans indulgensque. 
[(Ms., imcctuosns, in very late writers .* 
Maerob., Qtssiod., TertuU.] Affectionate 
upbretidings, moUes quereln ; to write an 
effectionate letter to any body, literas amo* 
ns plenas dare ad aliquem : very affec- 
tionate words, verba blandissima, amaa- 

AFFECTIONATELY, blande, amanter, 
pie. To look affectionately at any bodyt 
prp»., molli vultu aHquem aspicere (Ov., 
Met., 10, 609) : to behave affectionately to- 
ward, alicui multa blandimenta dare. 

AFFECTIONATENES8, pietas (<^ec- 
tionatenee» a» exhibited toward parent». 
Sec.) : Indulgentia (as shown in overtop 
ingfauUs, Sec.) : or by erel, with a^. 

AFFIANCE, aducia (the proper word) : 
Ades (belief in a man's honesty) : spes fir< 
ma or certa (confident expectation). To 
have qfiance in any thin^ or any body, 
fidere, confidere alicui rei or alicui : fre- 
tum esse aliquA re or aliqno (to build on 
any thing) : flduciam habere aHcujua rei 
(to reiy confidently on any thing). || Ma r- 
^i^gt contract, sponsalia. 

AFFIANCE, v., sponddre, despondfiro 
(alicui alicmam : desponsnrc, late) : desti- 
nare alicui (jam destmata erat earoerio ju- 
veni, PUn.) ispost-Auvnstan in the sense ef 
desponddrc alicuL To affiance one's self 
to any body, despondSre sibi aliquam (of 
the man) ; alicui desponderi (of the wom- 
an). \\ Affianced, spoTiBn»; to any body, 
sponsa, desponsa alicui (of the woman). 

AFFIDAVIT, •» exactly corresponding 
term: prps., teimnonium (as opposed to 
testis or praesens testis) or testimonium 
recitatnm (**testiraonia qu» recitari so* 
lent," CaUistr., Dig.) : [* testimonium af. 
tirmate (=cum jnrejurandu) scriptum (Y) 
or * consignatum Uteris testunonium (?)]. 
Sometimes jusjurandum only, or * tides jo- 
rejurando data. To make qfidarrit, * af- 
firmate scribere (?) with ace and ti^/l: 
jurare ; jurojumndo firmare. 

AFFILIATION. Vid. Adoption. 

AFFINITY, affinitas. To make i^ffnitf 
with (Bible TV.), afflnitatem cum aliquo 
conjungere ; cum aliquo affinitnte sese 
coujungere, sese devinifre. Relations by 
affinity, atflnes : nffinitatP conjoncti. To 
be connected by infinity, offlnitate inter ae 
jnngi, dcvincirt || Close connection, 
similarity, cognatio, conjonctio. T» 
have an affinity with any thing, cognado* 
nem habere cum aUquA re ; propinquum, 
finitfmum, propinquum et finitimnm esse 
alicui rei : fA^rs is some ofinky between 
our souls and the ^o<tL animus tenetur 
qoadam conjunction<f^eonim : not to 
bear the least a^nity to any thing, remo* 
tisaimum esse a re. || Power of at- 
tracting, * attrahendi, que dicitur, via 
(provr.): *vis ad se illicieodi or attra- 
hendi (Unpivpr.). 

AFFIRM, aio (opposed to nego : absoL 
or with ace. and inf.) : affirmare (asiieri 
that somsthing is so) : oonflrmara (^jbm 


mppmrt At atmrtkin fry rmmnu). 
gConfxrm « ct rnt rme^ tee, judgment^ 
kjc^ Baoctre (fMCtuin, legem, Sm.) ; aUcii- 
ju rei anetorem fieri (e. g., legi* ; of iu 
nequio» bf Uf S e »a tB \; ratam fteere» 
cffieere ; ratam ease joMre. (Vid. Ck>if> 


AFFIRMATION, ■ffinnatio. H Con- 
firm^ti0n (Vin.) o/* « teo^ Ac^ ooo^ 
Bnuaiio, anctaritas, flidea. 

AFFIRMATIVE, eient (oppoaed to ne- 
BUM, '*iiegantift cootrariA aiendbQa," 
l^j: affirmana (flgaerting that tometking 
it m: m lau gnmrnajrian», affirmativiu). 
Am ^firmntirr oim ptr . »flhTfir^tiA 

AFFIRMATIVELY, no exactly oom- 
tftn iimg word : «fllrmanter, in QdL, i» 
• witk comSAemM :** aflhmate, Cic^ Ac^ 
i§ '^vmitimdxf^'* '^wUkan. oath." 

AFFIX, v^ fifere, affigere atiqnid aUctii 
rd C^oi» ofw thtn^ to onotker ; ate>, with 
mMiiiii : aUagare aUquid ad rem, annecte- 
» aoqaid ad rem or aUctd ret (to bind 
me tkMtig to mnadimr) : aaauere aUcui rei 
(fo tdtek togttkgr) : agg^utinare alicui rei 
(It gimo togttker) : apponere aliquid aU* 
cm rd or ad aliqoid (<m proper word of 
ftarfiy oim U«i^ by «nocAer): adi^cere 
aliqaid aUcai rei (eo add m ntptiementarjf 
nmmrt, Scc^ to aorndking bifort «aitf). 
TV ^fiz • fme, aUctd mulCam dieere (or 
tk» judge: irrogare, of tkt oceujcr). Tv 
4^ « a— If to «ay tltii^, alicui rei nomeo 
«r Tocabnbun impooere : « auwwy to a 
word, verbo Tim, aententiam, notionem 
laljk» HI 

AFFIXiON, affisdo (wry laU): alliga- 

AFFLICT, aagere (tojUI with fear, on- 
g*i$k: offutwrt tkingt): torquire, era- 
dare, exemciare (fo tortwrt, Ac.) : alicui 
agre faeere : attcoi injnriam inlerre (of 
ftrmm») : aliquem mord6re, pongere (to 
tttMgt 90, Ac^ oftkimgt) : fodicare. fodi- 
care animom (proper^ to i(^ Into; kenee, 
ttf, ttim^) : Tezare (to mx, karat») : do- 
lorem abcni (aoere, efficere, alierre, com» 
BOTtoe, inentere; dolorc, soDicitadiiie, 
Bgritadine, aliqoem afflcore. To afiim 
ondt oelf, afflictare ae (CTic), afflictari 
(Oic), angi; cruciari; laborare; •oUici* 
tam ease. 7b offUct with dioeate^ morbo 
■Ocere. Vid. ArrucrsD. 

AFFLICTED, to bk, dolere; in dolora 
eiae ; dolore angi ; in moerore jacire : 
aoffidtndinem hab^ , in aoUkntndine 
CM»; «pritedinem auaeipere; aegritadi* 
m& affid: ahout «ly tkimg, laborare, 8olU> 
dtum eeae de re ; afflictari de re (da.) : 
aaxiqiu et aoUicitom me habet aUquid ; 
e Wa t OMff bod§, flsgritudinem •uacq)ere 
pr opt er atignem. || With diteate: 
morbo laborare, affectum eaae, vejcari 
VkL DnKAac 

A¥FLlCTlLDiata4f.),8omcUaM; ngri- 
tndiDe afiectua, aeger ai^no or animL 

AFFUCTEDNESS/Tid. Arrucnow. 

AFFLICTER, vexator: afflictor (fowtd 
kmt once : apermm who ii^ret or dtttroft: 
lAbetor dignifatia. Secy. 

AFFLICTION, Wtubjeetivtlp ao a 
ofwtimd: miaeria (wrttehtdnttt) 

agritodo, «grimooia (oppotod to alacri- 
taa; oidkmtt of totU frvm a tente of pre»- 
tnt eril: tht latter impifing that U u an 
abiding ten»»); dolor (ojfpoeed to g^vdi- 
mm, a prment »en»e of hardokip, patn, or 
gri^ : triatitia, mosatitia, m. (ike not- 
utai, auoitentanf manifBoUUion ofgriep : 
aogor (_pa»»ianate, tormenting amrehen- 
aion of a coming e»il; aolUcitnap being 
th» aaaiom»j utuettling apprekeneion of 
itii mmror (i» etronger than dolor, being 
ae feeling and k» manife»tation) : affile- 
tabo (=** sgritodo cmm vexatione corpo- 
ik," Ct&) : luctua (i» mourning ; L e., ^ 
amoentiimal »ign»). ^ Objectively j 
an affliction, malum: plitr. mala: 
■nunna (an old and ha{f-poetkal word ; 
bmt u»ed &y de^ a hard»hip that aimott 
eteotdt kn m an atrength) : casus adveraua, 
or, from eonteat, casus onh/i res adveme, 
&rtao0 afllact»: fortnna adveraa: ca* 
hniGsa, mlRria, aoerbitates (firm, im ko- 
VKianT). Time of affiktion, res miae- 
tm, afflirtai, aiuniatiaB temporam, tempo- 
la Uwtiioaa. Oaa., Infortunium ia «asd 
ly Aa comic mrUart anht of a eorportal 
To ba i» adUakm, in miae- 


rii ease or Tenari,misdnim ease: in sum- 
mi infielidtate Tersari: in mails e8ae,iar 
cire; maUs urgeri; in mails versari; 
pesrimo loco esse; iniijuissimA fortonA 
uti: angi; angore conflci ; an^ribuspre- 
mi, agiuri, urgeri ; acgi intlnus sensibus: 
angore cruciari : about anjf thing, dolere 
or mcBTdre rem or re; dolorem ex re ca- 

Ere, acdpere, susdpere, haurire ; mo- 
dam trahere ex re (to feel oppreteed 
and dupirited bf^ it): in great qJUction 
about any thing, magnum dolomn ex re 
acdpere ; ex re magnam animo molesti- 
am aapetc : to oom« tnto t^fiietion, in mis- 
erlam inddere ; in mala pnedpitaro : to 
relieve any body from affliction, miaeriis 
aliquem levare : to deliver Am, a miseriA 
vindicare; ex miaeriis eripere : torndttre 
«ifUctiony miseriaa fcrre, ferumnas per- 
p^ (L cl, patiently to tk» end). 

AFFLICTIVE, triatia : miser : aoerbns : 
Inetuosus: gravis. 
AFFLUENCE, ) divitla» (rtcke», general 
AFFLUENCY,5 term), copia rd famil. 
iaris : opulentia (atronger : tJke poet ea aion 
of monef, eatatea, Ac, a» a meana of ag- 
grondixtng on^a aelT) : vita bonis apuad* 
ana. To live in afiuene», dlTitem ease ; 
aatii diritem, &c Vid. Afflusnt. 

AFFLUENT, fortunatus (dc): abund- 
ana : dives : locuplcs : satis dives : aads 
loc&ples (dives, rtcA=:irAot{oio(, oppo»ed 
to pauper : loc&ples, wealtky^^iii^vstin, 
oppooed to egens, egenus) : bene numa- 
tns, pecuniosns (lucving mmch uume») : 
opulentus, copiosus (opident ; oppoaed to 
inops : rich in maana and raaomrca» to ob- 
tain it^uenc», power, 6cc) : copiis rei fa- 
miliarlB locuples et pecuniosua. Fery (rf- 
jfti«fit,beatusi penuves, pr»dlves : locu- 
pletiasimus, opulcndssimus. To become 
an affluent man from a poor one, ex pan- 
p6re divitem fiSri : to become t^fflutnt, for- 
tunis augeri ; fortunam ampMcare : ad 
ope» procedere ; locupletarL 
AFFLUX, )affluentU (act of fiow 
AFFLUXION,5 ingto). There wa» a 

S'eat afflux of men there, magna erat hom- 
um eo loco firequentia, celebritas; of 
men to Athene, multi Athenas coniluxo- 
rant H^a afflux: quod ad aliquem 
or aliquid afflaiit : allapsus (occur» twice : 
serpentium, Hor. ; fontis, AppuL). &mb«- 
tiatea accesoio (if it mean» »omelhing ad- 
ditioniU) : ofwten, concursua. 

AFFORD. j\ Yield, of th»»arth, tree», 
&c : fcrre, efierre, proferre : fbndcre : 
effundere (of nature, the earth, a field : 
iimdere and effunderessytetd abundant' 
If^. Afford firuit or produce, ferre fruges, 
or fyrre onl»; fructum afferre; effcrre 
(etpeeiaUu of afield). The tree afford» it» 
fruit, aitwr fert llProditce, cause. 
Sec, afferre (to brin^): faeere, efficere 
(to comae's : ease (wuh doL) : praastare. 
To afford prqfit or pUaaure, utilitatem or 
voluptatem atferre ; usui or voluptati ea- 
se : to ^ord any bodf continual pleaeure, 
voluptatem perpetuam proatare alicui: 
eomjort, eoneolation, solatium dare, pr«a- 
bdre, aJSerre, solatio or Bolatium esse. 
7b qfford no coneokuion (qfthing»\ nihil 
habere consolationis : a hope, aUquem 
in spem vocare or adducere (adducere, 
alao, of thinga) : of any thing, alicujus 
rd spem alicui aierre, ostendere or os- 
tentare ; spem alicujus rd alicui otferre 
(of thingj) ; spem alicui rd prwbire : 
an expectation, exspectationem mov^re, 
commov#re, fkcere, condtare : aaeiat- 
ance, auxUtum or opem ferre alicui 
(againat any thing, contra aliquid) : ali- 
quem operA adjuvare in aliquA re, alicui 
opitulan in aliquA re fadendA, alicui ope- 
ram suam commodare ad aliquid, alicui 
operam prabdre in aliquA re (^ «cnw or 
aetiat in the execution of any thing : th» 
laat eepedalUf ofaaaiatanoe wtth onea own 
handa). || To be able to buf with prw- 
dtnct, *tanti, tam care, tantA peruniA 
emere posse : tantam impensam fncere 
posse (of a large outlay) : suum faeere 
posse (to be able to make any thing on^t 
own)., I can not afford any thing, * mnho 
plniis est aUquid, quam ut ego emere, or 
meum faeere, posaim. || To be able to 
ttll without lott or with tufficient 
profit I can not afford it for lee», non 
poasummtndris veadere. 



AFFRAY,». Vid. FaiouT»». 

AFFRAY, s., pugna (the general term 
for a fght, whether of two peraona or 
more) : pugna in arto (vid. Watch, Tac, 
Agr., 36, p. 365) : tumultua (a tumtdtuou» 
coneourae, uproar, Sec). 

AFFRICTION, amictns (PUn.), [At 
fHcatio (CftL AureL)A 

AFFRKiUT.e. Vid. FaiCHWK. 

AFFRIGHT,*. ^vid.F«A«. 

AFFRIGHTMENT. i ^"** "^^ 

AFFRONT. IIAfeet or go to meet, 
occurrere (obviam) : offcndere aliquem ; 
inddere alicui or in diquem (by acei' 
dent) : obviam ire alicui (to go to suet). 
Vid. MiexT. || Jlfeet in a hoatile man- 
ner, Slc, occurrere. obviam ire (general 
term) : se offerre alicui rd (e. g., pericu- 
lis) : resietere ; confidentcr rcaiatere. 
11 Offer an inault to, contumeUiuD ali- 
cui imponcre : aliquem contumeliA inse* 
qui: coDtumeliis insectari: maledictia 
yenaie (to ineuU with tnaoient word»)'. 
sugillare (affront acomfuUy, eontemptw 
oualff) : offendere aliquem (to affront, die- 
plea»»; whether tntentionally or not): aU- 
quem IgnominiA afficere, ignominiam 
alicui imponere, i^Junaere (o/ ^ross in- 
aulta, cauaing public diagraee). To b» 
fronted, ifnominiA or contuoieliA affid : 
offendi (to fed affronted). To affront wkk 
word», verbis or voce vulnerare, violare : 
contumeliam alicui dieere. To fed af^ 
fronted, iqjuriam sibi lactam putare: ol 
any thing, aliquid in or ad contumeliam 
accipere : * aliquA re se lasum or vi<da> 
tum putare. 

AFFRONT, eontmnelia (a wrong dona 
to outfa honor) : offensio (a atat» (^morti- 
fied fading ; but al»o the act that eau»»» 
it) : ii^uria (an affront fdt to be a wrong) : 
opprobrium (t^ront oomoeyed by reproach- 
ful word»). To look iqton any thing a» 
an t^front, aliquid in or ad contumeliam 
accipere : ignomini» loco ferre aliquid : 
ignominin or probro habere aliquid. 7b 
pat an affront on any body, contumeliam 
alicui imponere. Vid. Affbont, v. At- 
tack, Vio. 

AFFRONTER, ()ui alicui ignominiam 
or injuriam injungit 

AFFRONTING, }contumeliosus: ii^u* 

AFFRONTIVE,5 riosus (ti^itriotts to 
om^» honor): ignmniniosus (caueing a 
lot» of reputation, outward reopeet, rank, 
&c) : probroeus (attacking onia moral 
character^ Affronting word», verborum 
contumeliffi : voces mordaces or aculea* 
ts; verborum aculci (ttinging word»). 
To be of an qffronting nature, habdre all- 
quid olfenflionis (of a thing). 

AFFU8E. affundere aUcui (poetical and 
poet-Auguatan proee, Tac, PUn.) : admis- 
cdre (aliquid idiquA re or alicui rei ; aU- 
quid in aliquem rem (PUn.), cum aliquA rew 
Col, to mix it with) : supernindere aUquid 
aUcui rd (to pour it upon ; ckuffy poetical 
and poat-Auguetan proee). 

AFFUSION. CrcLb^pmtcp. Tomdt 
any thing by an affueton of wine, Uque- 
faeere aliquid aflfuso vino (PUn). Some- 
time» sufiusio (a auffuaion ; a pouring t» 
from below : poat-Auguetan). 

AFFY. II ^etrot A, spondire. despon- 
dero (desponsare, poat-Auguetan, :^teL) 
alicui nliouam. Via. BExaoTU. 

AFIELD, *in or ad agrum or agroa. 
7b go ^dd, *in agros domo exiro. 

AFLOAT. 7b make a ahip afloat, na- 
vem deducere. To get a ahip afloat (that 
ha» atruck a rock), navem scopulo detru- 
dere (Virg.). 

AFOOT, pcdibus. 7b go, come, trarel^ 
Slc, afoot, piHlibus ire, venire, iter faeere. 
Vid. on foot, under Foot, 

AFORE. Vid. Bkfoxe. 

AFOREGOING, antecedens, prnce- 
dens: prior, superior (pneteritus not to 
b» need in tke aena» tfjuat poet, of time). 

AFOREUAND. Vid. Befobxhand. 

AFORE-MENTIONED, ) de aliqno sq. 

AFORE-NAMED, \ pra comme- 

AFORESAID, S moravimus; 

quern supra commemoravtanus, diximus ; 

Suod supra soripd ; de quo a nobis antea 
ictum est Alao by ille onlM. fSupra 
dictns, commemoratus ; prndictua, pra»> 
nominatus, vmcuusioai*.] Jn th» qforo' 




mmtionedf itc^ maiin«r, al rapra dictum 
eat; ut sopra •cripeL 

AFRAID, anxius, tnpidoB (JuU of mx- 
ietff co^furion) : soUidtus Utnxiou$ from 
fotar ofaftOurt toU\ : Ibnmdinia plebuB : 
tenttus (frightened) : externtua, perter- 
ritua (dreadfully fngktened). Afraid of 
any thing, timens, extinicscena, reforml- 
dans, &«., aliquid {if n participU will tuU 
the meaning) : aliquA re or metu alicujua 
rd perterntus: soUicitus de re aliquA. 
Not (tfraid of deatk, non thnidos ad mor- 
tem : non mnidus mori (poetical). || To 
be afraid, anxium, trepidum, d^c., esse: 
ttf any thing, timbre (aliquem or aliquid), 
metuere (auquem or aliquid), extimea- 
cere, pertimescere, veren (aliquem or 
aliquid), pavdre (aliquid or ad aliquid^, 
borrere, iormidare, reformidaro (Syn. tn 
Fxab) : in metu ponerc or habere aliquid. 
Jn. metuere ac timere; metuere atque 
horr^re. Ifot to be qfraid, sine metu (ti- 
more) esse ; metu vacare ; bonum hab(&- 
re anlmum : bono esse animo (fo be of 
good courage) : secdrum esse (to appre- 
hend no danger). Do not be qfiraid, bono 
sis animo ; bonum habe animum ; noli ti- 
mbre or laborare ; omitte timorem. Ifot 
to be afraid of any body or anj 
thing, contemnere aliquem or aliquid 
(to despiee). Td be afraid for or abmtt 
any body or any thing, metuo, timeo ali* 
cul (roi), or de aliquo, aUquA re; exti- 
mesco, pertimesco do re, vereor aticui 
reL To begin to be afraid, ad timorem 
•e convcrtere. To be a little efraid, sub- 
timere (of any thing, aliquid ; that, &C., 
ne) ; subvereri (ne, &c.). 7b make any 
body qfraid of one^ sui tunorem alicui in- 
jlcere. Obs. That **not,** *'le$t," are 
tranflated by ne ajier verbs of fearing j 
" that—^ot,** " Utt^^not,'' byMlorne non 
Utronger) ; and that the English future 
becomes in Latin the pres. subj. Vid. Fx ak. 

AFRESH, denuo (vidBcVf ik xatv^i, when 
what had ceased begins again) : de or ab 
integro (ii virapx^i, when what had dU- 
appeared, bten lost, 6tc^ is reproduced by 
the same causes : Silver Age, ex integro) : 
itcrum (a second time) : rursus (again). 
It is often translaud by re (red) preficed to 
a verb ; e. g , a sedition breaks out afresh, 
recrudescit To begin afresh, repetero 
(the proper word) : iterare (for the second 
time) : redintegrare (quite from the begin- 
ning) : retractare (to go over a lesson, Sec, 
again ; think over again) : iterum legere 
(to read any thing again, for the second 
ttww). Obs. not itcratd or repetitA vice. 

AFT, »., puppis. To sit aft, seddre in 
puppi (Cie., butjiguratively of an infiuen- 
tial statesman). 

APfER, |l of succession in time, 
post : secundum (immediately 4/^) : still 
Wronger sub with statim, of things con- 
nectM in order qftime : a, ab (from : after, 
<tf what has been done or not done, from a 
point of commencement to be strongly 
marked): e, ex (n«arty=a, ab, but inti- 
mtuing a closer dependence of one thing on 
another ; a passing into one state from on- 
other, ttc.). After this, I ask, &c^ secun- 
dum ea, oufBro, &c After three days, 
poet ejus diei diem tertium : after three 
years, post tres annos : after some years, 
aliquot post annos : after many years, post 
miUtos annos (multis post annis = many 
years efter). After any body's consulshgt 
or prooonsulsihip, post aliquem consulem, 
proconsulem. After (immediately o^er) 
the consuTs donation, secundum donntio- 
nem consuHs. Immediately after those 
(letters), yours were read, sub eas statim 
recitata) sunt tu» (so statim sub montio- 
nem alicvO^u)' T he Oermans bathe as soon 
as they get w, Germani statim e somno 
lavantur : ajter the day, when, Stc, ex eo 
die, quo, &c. : oiu evil after another, aliud 
ex afio malum (Tor.) : to go into Oaul 
after his eonsulAip, ex consulatu in Gal- 
liara proflcisci: day after day, diem ex 
die : diem de die (not de die in diem) : to 
Jnak (L e., in expectation) day after dmf, 
diem de die proMpectare (ecquod auxiu- 
um — spparfiret (lAt.). Im me di at e ly ofter 
the baute, confestira a praalio (rcdire) : 
Homer lived not very long after them. Ho- 
merus recens ab'illormn a^tato-fuit: the 
hundredth day e^fter the death qf Clodius, 


centeoiiaa lux ab interitu ClodH: (imme- 
diately) afier that meeting ambasiador» 
were sent, ab ilUl condone legati missi 
sunt: as soon as I came to Mome after 

Sur d/parture, ut primum a tuo digressu 
>mam venL One after another, ordine, 
deinoeps (m a row) : continenter : con- 
tinue (pr«- and post- classical, unless tn 
two passages of Quint^ where the best MSS. 
hwfe continue, Freund: continuo^ sta- 
tim, nullA moHl interpositi) : alter post 
alterum : alius super alium. So many 
days one after another, tot dies continuL 
Sometimes, especially in CUtsar, the ablative 
only is used ; e. g., alicujua adventu, dis- 
cossu, fugA ; soUs occasu (irfter any bodjfs 
arrieal, departure, flight : after sunset). 
After post the aaion u often expressed by 
a participle ; e. g., after the taking of Veil, 
post Veios captos : so post urbcm condi- 
tam ; post banc urbem constitutam (after 
the butlding of the city). Sometimes abla- 
tives absolute are used (when the action or 
state dewrihed by the ablative absolute is 
the cause or condition of what follows) : 
anno inteijecto (<>/l«r a year) : Hannibal 
in Italiam pervtoit Alpibus superatis (aft- 
er erossing the Alps). J| Succession 
in order, rank. Sec, secundum (poet 
is only " after" of ^succession in time : in 
voce tt «s *' behind,'* opposed to ante). 
Generally by secundos, proximus ab da- 
quo, or proximus alicui (next after in place, 
literally or fguratively). After you, I like 
nothing so weU as solitude, secundum to ni- 
hil est mihi amidus solitudine : proxkne ; 
next after these, those ate dear to us, SiXi., 
proxime hos, cari, &c. ( Cic). [ Tac, jux- 
t* ; 6. g., juxta deoe.] |i Of a rule fol- 
lowed, proportion to, conformity 
with, Sec, secundum : e, ex, sometimes 
de (when the thing is also a eaus^ : pro 
(tn proportion to): ad (of a rule, copy. 
Sec, that is followed. Obs. Juxta, in the 
sense of secundum, belongs to sinking 
Latinity) : to live after nature, secundum 
naturam rivere (or natura) convenien- 
ter) : to take any thing after its intrinnc 
value (Bacon), ex veritate aliquid estl- 
maro : after the example of, ad exemplum ; 
after the model, pattern, Sec, ad exem- 
plum, ad effigiem : e^fter the mt^ner, de 
more : after my own manner, meo modo 
(PL, Ter.) : ttfter mu own original way of 
speaking, meo pnstTno more dicencQ. 
II -dfter a sort, quodam modo. 

AFTER, eoi^uncL, postauum: postea- 
quam : ut, ubi (as), quum (when). Obs. : 
(a)*nt, ubi, intimate the immediate succes- 
sion of the second event, whereas postquam 
only states it to be after the first. Hence 
they prefer the verfeet to the pluperfect, and 
often take statun, repente, primum. Sec : 
(m postquam in direct narrative mostly 
takes the perfect or present ; seldom the plu- 
perfect, exeqjt in the form "so many days, 
years. Sec, after another eve$tt h^>pened:" 
(c) For ubi, ut, quum, vid. Whxn : (d) 
quum con onlu be used when things are 
stated as facts in a n a rrative ; not of local 
relations, e. g., of passages in a book; 
where postquam or ubi mitst be used. 
Passages like Cic, Tuec, i., 48, 103 ; Acad., 
iL, 3S, 104, Sec, only oppear to be at vari- 
ance with this rule. Three years after he 
had returned, post tres annos or tertium 
annum quam redierat : tertio anno quam 
redierat : tribus annis or tertio anno post- 

?nam redierat : tertio anno quo redierat 
^he day after I left you, po^ridie quam 
a Tobis discessL The year etfter, postero 
anno quam, Sec Very often pabticiplks 
are used instead of these particles (ablative 
absolute if the "subject" of both clauses is 
not the same!) ; e. g., «osl speeches are writ- 
ten after they have been delivered, plersoue 
scribuntur orationes habite jam : after 
the murder of Dion, Diouysius again be- 
came master of Syracuse, tHdne interfecto 
Dionysius nirsum Syracusanmi poUtus 
est \\ After is often untranslated, the 
notion of it being already contained in the 
verb ; e. g., to follow afUr, sequi, sectari : 
to thirst afier, ritim anquid : to ask or in- 
quire «tfter, queerere rem or de re, inqni- 
rcre in aliquid : to long e^er, cupcre ali- 
quid, &c.: to make any thing after the pat- 
temitf something ^'m, Imitari aliquid; ali- 
quid miitando exprimere, effiugcre, Sac : 


to rwn efUr any body, aliquem •ectari : 
to send ^ter any body, aliquem arcess^re^ 
dec N 1^ afterward, Vio. 

AFTER , in composition, mau some- 
times be translated by posterior (opposed 
to superior) ; secundus ; serus (too late). 
A(TER-AGES, postcritas: posteri 
AFTER ALL, may sometimes be trana- 
lated by ipse, sometimes by no multa ; ne 
longum faciam : "a prindj^for which^ 
Hfter all, they have no ground, out," * sen- 
tentia, cui et ipsi nihil subest, nisi. Sec, 
or * cujus ipsius, ne lon^^m faciam, ratio- 
nem alTerunt nullam, nisi, Sux. : somethnee 
by ad summam (in short, at last, after 
other things are mentioned) : often, in 
questions, by tandem: *" but, e^fter all, what 
is your own opinion f" * at ouid tandem 
ipse sentis f sometimes by quid enim f (^m- 
plying that the person addressed can not 
deny the assertion). 
AFTER-BIRTH, secundn (partdi). 
AfTER-COST, reUqua (plural, the un- 
paid portion of the expense, the proper 
word). II Fio., * incommdda qu» aliquid 
sequuntur. You will have to pay the ttfter- 
cost, *postmddo senties. 

AFTER-GAME. || To plan an aft- 
er-game (z^irepairan evtl), alicujus rei. 
or alicui rei medicinam adhibere : * alicui 
ii|comm6do seram medicinam rcperire : 
damnum sarcire, resdtuere: detrimen» 
tum sardrc, recondnnare. 

AFTER- GATHERING, spidlegium 
(a gleaning) : racematio (in a vintage). 
To make an after-gathering, spidlegium 
facere ; raoemari : tinproper, * omissa col- 

AFTER-MATH, foenum auctumn&le or 
chordum : to cut it, secara 

AFTERNOON, «., dies pomeridianua 
(Sen., Ep., 65, 1) : tempus pomeridianum { 
hone pomeri(uan89. In the afternoon, 
post meridiem; tempore pomeridiano; 
noris poraeridianis. 

AFTERNOON, adi., postmeridianus : 
pomeridianus (both forms used ; Cic pro- 
fers the latter, OroL, 47, 157 ; but see Orell. 
an TWc, iil, 3, 7). To make an afternoon 
call on any body, aliquem post meridiem 
convenire (on business), invisere (to see 
how heis): * aliquem officio pomeridiano 
prosequi (qf a call of ceremony from an 
inferior for the purpose of showing respect : 
offido ponneridiano was the afternoon at- 
tendance of a client on his patron). The 
qftemoon service, * sacra pomeridinna: 
afternoon preacher, sacerdos qui sacris 
pomeridianis interesse debet: ('^'con- 
cionator pomeridianus would be an ajter- 
noon haranguer. The afttmoon sermon, 
*oratio in sacris pomeridianis hubenda 
(if not yet delivered), habita (if delitered). 
AFTER -PAYMENT, *pen8io posi/a 
&cta : numi additi (additional sum paid). 
AFTER -PIEC;^, *fabcUa argumend 
brevioris, q\xm post comosdiam ngitur. 
The aftxr-pieot will be^, * hanc fabulam 
seauetur — . 

AGAIN, rursus or rursum (again) : it6- 
rum (a second thne) : denuo (^ dc novo, 
ansio; relates to time, denoting repctuion 
^fter an interval) : ex integro (in Silver 
Age also integro ; quite afresh ; relate^ to 
the thing itself, which is to be brought back 
to a former state) : vicisaim (m (rem ; in 
the same manner that another has done U 
in befonl). With verbs it is often translat- 
ed by the re (red) of a compound verb : 
to nse again, rcsurgerc. || Hereafter, 
post; posthoc, postea : that this may never 
haopen again, id ne unquam posthnc ac- 
duere possit : whom I was not likely erer 
to su e^ain, quem non eram postea vUn- 
rus. II /n turn, contra, viciasim. \\A9 
used in a discourse to introduce 
an additional reason: pra>terea: 
ad hoc, ad ha^ (besides this, never in 
good prose, super haK% nuper ista, adhuc) : 
jam, autera (when the discourse is carried 
on in parts) : accedit accudit qood : hue 
accftdit ouod : addendum, eodem est, 
ouod : adjlce quod. (Obs., not porro.) 
}^ Again and again, etlam atque eti- 
am: iterum et snpins : semel etstepius: 
semel . atque iterum ; semel iterumve 
(the last two less strong = several times, 
more than ovre). \\As big again, al- 
tcro tanto major (so longior, Sec), duplo 


■i^^r. A» wutdk »gain^ alteram tantom : 

AGAINST, direction toward, «d- 
Tenut : in wUh ablative (after ezpreuions 
tf halt, displtUMrt, anger, again*t any 
Mf). The haired of de people againet 
tkie man «o« so great, in hoc tantum fuit 
odiiim xxralticudmia. So Msritiam exer- 
e^re in aliquo ; Tim adhibvre in aliquo 
(10 UH vioiemce againet him). || Direc- 
tion with the notion of oppoei' 
tion to: (a) Of departure from, 
•Tcete above a limtti pmter, e. g., 
agah^ erpeetation (not contra, but) pr»- 
ter c^Hnionem. So propter spem: wcna 
as tptnxermxa (againet, i e^ woroe than 
■f kope and ezpe^ation) : praeter jos fiw- 
qac : praster ahciijua rohmtatem (Jbmt aleo 
contra legem, contra alien jua roluntatem, 
of Urea tntentional opposition to them). 
To act againet a taw, lesem riolare or 
■rigrare : agaiiutt ontf» wiU, Lnrf tua (adj.) : 
againet the will of Caiue, Cajo inrito. 
(bj) Of koetile oppoeition: contra, 
aarersaa, in wkk aeeueathe: againet the 
ttreoMy adrerao flumine; contra aqnara 
[Tid. Stbsam] : againat tke teind, rento 
adrerao (naTigare) : the wind it againtt 
•ay bodtf (nanganti) aUcoi ventoa adrer- 
cam tenets A remedf a^ainat any thing, 
remedium advemu aliqiiid^(iA4tf worke 
againet it f e. ff^ adTersns ▼enfinum) : 
remediom alicii;^ ret or ad qnod (that it 
good for amy dioeaae ; e. g.. morbL timoria, 
ad ocukimm morboa). TV» write againet 
any body, confra alkjoem acribere: in, 
adrersua aUqoem acribere : Hbmm edere 
eootra aliqaem (of publishing againet 
any body) : to apeak <L e^ oa on orator) 
againet eaty body, contra aliqncm dlcero : 
afiqoid in afiqnera dtcere (to eay any thing 
againet any bodfh : to strive against any 
body, adreraofl anqmem contendere: to 
argue against aay thing, contra aHqaid 
itiawrcre. To help ageunst any thing (tiA. 
HcLpJ. AoAnrsT. aftar a subsuntive, 
mmet be translated bw a partible or rela- 
tise etnlenee ; e.g.,the speech against Soc- 
rates, oratio contra Socrfttem habita ; ora> 
tio qatB habita eat contra Soomtcm : the 
war against the Persians, bclhmi contra 
Peraas geatom ; belhun quod contra Per- 
•H geatom eaL To sin against any body, 
peecare in aliqnem. To exxite the people 
against any body, populum inflammare 
b aliqnem : to be against any body, face- 
re contra aliqnem (of the oppMte party) : 
diaiidere com aUqno (to be of a different 
Of^ion) : to fight against any bods, pug- 
Hare contra auqnem (cxadverana auqnem 
ill, opposite him in the enemy'e rnnke) : to 
fight for life and death against any body, 
<Smi»re adTcrana aliqaem. Sometimes 
*^agaxnef is translated by cma to mark 
Ae wuOual r^ation of two parties (e. g^ 
pognare, qneri, querdba cum aliquo). 
The foor cmn wtake good no rights against 
the rwhj nihal cum potentiore juria numac 
ai refinqnitor indpi. AJlsr verbe of de- 
fence, Ac (tegere, munire, tutnm eiae, 
kcJ), against is generally translated by 
a. ab (aa m EngliSi by ''fnm,'' I e^ with 
reeptct to danger proceeding from euch a 
auartef^ ; e. g^ raaa a frigoriboa munire ; 
Jbrum defenoere a Clodu»; but they also 
use adTerans or contra, if the •• against^' is 
ta be strongly marked : e. g^ munire ad- 
▼«lana or contra aliqnid (SaL, Jvg^ 89, 4 ; 
CSc. ad Dit^ 4, 14, 3) : ae dcfendere con- 
tra afiqoid : aliqnem defendere contra in- 
imfeoB. To match a combatant against 
omoKker^ comparare aliqaem aKcui (Suti^ 
OaUg., ^ : comndttere aliqaem ctmi ali- 
qao (TV.), fl Opposite to, Vid. || Of 
am object againet which any thing 
i» done: after a verb of motion; 
ad. in. To run againet any body, incur- 
rare in aBqaem: to strike, dash, knock 
am^e self against any thing, alionid ad 
attqnid oAeodere (e. g., caput aa ibml- 
eem, QuinL) : offendere aliqQid (e. g.. 
■cHaiu, Liv.) : offendere In aUmud 
(e. g^ in stipltem, Colusa.) : the wooes beat 
a^ahm the shore, flnctua ilUdnntnr in U^ 
or in litna (QuinLj doubtfiU reading). 

Againet= close bw or to: Juxta. 

id. Bt. 7b put a ladder up against a 
wott, aoalaa ad ronrum appUeare: lean 
againet Vid. LZAK. y Of taaia, bf 



which any thing is to be done, in (with ae- 
eusatice), ad, sub (a Hale before) : foctim 
liimia exstniere fub adrentum Insai viri 
(Ror.). II For and againet, in utram- 
que partem: with respect to my journey, 
many reasone occur to me for and^ against 
it, permulta mihi de itinere noetro in 
utramqne partem occurrunt (Cic.). Like 
other pnpositions, it mas often be untrans- 
lated, the notion of it being already con- 
tained in the verb, e. g., fry a compound 
with ob. To rail against «ny body, alicui 
conriciari (wUh Mtive in ^uint. only) : 
aliquem incr^tare : to lean against any 
ihiitg, acciinari alicui rei : to run a^ainH 
any body or any thing, ofiendere ahquem 
or aliquid : to struggle against the stream, 
obloctari flnmini (Curt.) : to fight againet 
any body, oppugnare aliqnem : to be 
against any body, adversari aUcui. 

AGAMiST, qui ab uxore ducendA ab- 
horret ; cujq# animua abhorret a miptiia. 

AGAPE, btans (participle ; e. g.. in, to 
stand agape) : to set any body agape, ali- 
qaem in stuporem dare, obitupefacere, 
atupidum tenere. 

AGATE, acbAtea, m. 

AGARIC, agarlcon CPK»-» 25, 9, 57)» 

AGE, (1) the natural duration of 
any thinf, eepecially of a man: 
Ktaa (poetu!, »vum) : (2) time of life, 
or a certain portion of it, wtaa: the 
fiower ofon^e age, ntaa florena ; Hot nCa- 
tia ; ntaa viridis or intSgra : military age, 
ntaa militaria : of or about the military 
age, militieB matOrns : the maturity, weak' 
nese of age, «tatia maturitaa, imbecilUtaa : 
the strength of full age, ntatia rohnr, ner- 
ti : to be of the eame age as any body, 
nqnalem esae alicui : nearlu of the same 
age, iBtate proximnm esae aUcui : to be in 
the fiower of his age, integrft eetate eaao ; 
in ipao etatia (lore or robore tssa : to bs 
of a great age, longina wtate provectum 
ease : of a grtat age, ^ndia natn, ntate 
decrepitA (M« latter, %f a/ccosspanied witk 
weakness) : to be of such an age, id etatia 
ease. || To be of or under age. Of 
age, aui Juria : an» poteatatia (no longer 
under the father* e power) : auaa tutdl» (not 
requiring a guardian) : aui potens (gen- 
eral term fitr one who can act as 1u pleases, 
but aui jndidi if a different thing ; one who 
acts boldly up to his own prhtc^des) be 
of age, rai juria eaae : to be nearly of age, 
prope pub^rem etatem esse : to be com- 
ing ofa^e, aui Juria fieri; in auam tuti- 
lam venire, perrenire: to declare a eon 
of<ige, emanciparc filium. Under age, in- 
nna (qf a very young child), nondum 
adultA state (general term), peradolea- 
oentQlua, peradolcacena (stiuvery young) : 
sons under age, lilii prtetextati. fflth 
reference to ascending cAa throne, non- 
dum mattirua impono: to eaprdni any 
body regent till his own children ehould 
come of age, regnum alicui commcndarc, 
quoad liberi in auam tutelam pervmii- 
rent (Nep., Eum,, SJ, 2). Vid. Minor. 
II Old age, aenectua, BaiHia ntaa (age, 
whether with rtferenoe to the weakness 
or to the experience of age; poetic, ae- 
necta) ; ntaa extroma or exacta ; aununa 
aenectna (extresse old age) : senium (the 
time of feeblenese) : ntaa decrepita (da- 
erepitude) : vetnstaa (great age and con- 
sequent goodnese qf a thing long kept ; 
c. g., of wine, fruus, Sue). A green old 
age, cruda ac Tiridla aenectua (Virg.) : to 
mte to or attain old age, acnectQtem adi- 
pisci ad aenectutem venire : to die at an 
advanced age, aenectnte diem obire an- 
premam ; cxactA ntate mori : to die of 
old age, aliquem aenectna diaaolvit : to be 
worn out wUh old age, ntate or aenio con- 
fectum eaae : to make provision against 
old age, eenectuti aubeidimn pararc. Age 
does not change the man, * inpua pilnm 
nratat, hon mentem. Age gives experi- 
ence, aeria venit oaas ab annia (<Oe.). 
Wisdom and experience belong to old age, 
mena et ratio et conaiUnm in aenibua eat 
H To be so many years of age, na- 
tum eaae with aecueative of the yean ; or 
eaae 10^ the genitive of the yeare: to be 
above so many yeare of age, vixiaae, 
confeciaae, compleviase, so many years. 
Thus : he is nineteen yeare of age, decern 
I et AOTem annoa nataa eat; decern et no» 1 


rem nmomm eat : Aa is above ninety 
yeare of age, nonaginta annoa vixit, 000« 
fceit, complevit: also nonageaimimi an- 
num exoeaaiaae. egresaum ease : above or 
under thirty-three years of age, major, or 
minor, annoa trea et triginta natua ; or 
major (minor) annorum trium et trigin- 
ta : also major (minor) quam annoa trea 
et triginta nataa: msjor (minor) quam 
annorum trium et tricinta. He died at 
the a^e of thirty-three, deceasit annoa trea 
et tnginta natus: in the thirtieth year of 
hie age, triceaimum aimum agcns. \\An 
agez=i certain period of time: «taa 
(general term, also of thoee who lived at 
the eame tim^: esBcmam (large, indefinite 
period ; an age or generation ; according 
to some, 30 ... 33 yeors ; according to 
Etruscan and Roman usage, \Q0 yeare. In 
thetisue of the empire, a reign, each em- 
peror bringing in a new order qjfthinge) : 
tempos, tempera (the timce or daye of). 
The golden age, ntaa anrea : a learned 
age, sitM;uIum eruditnm : the age of Ho- 
mer ie uncertain, Hdm^ri incerta sunt 
tempora : Socrates was not underetood by 
the men of his age, Socritem ntaa ana 
parum intellexit ; Socr&tea ab hominibas 
aol temporia parum intelllcehatur : there 
areharabftwo good oratore vn an age, viz 
singulis eatatibaa binl oratorea laudabilea 
oonatitere : for thai age, ut in eA ntate 
(t e., of any thing good, Sec, for that age). 
II The epirit of the age, encttli, hujoa 
ntatii ingenium (so Aug. Wolf for the bad 
form aascnli genioa, or indolea temporia. 
Tac has auln ingenium): mores aa»- 
caH or temporum (its moral character, cus- 
tooiary proceedinge, Ac., lior., Plin.) : 
from context, morea only (such is the spirit 
of the age, ita ae morea hid>ent, SaL, Vel.) : 
temporum nature atque ratio Ccircun%- 
stances of the' times; after Cic., ad Div. 6, 
6, 8) : sieculam (corrongpcre et corrum- 
pi non illic swculum vocatur, Tac^ the 
spirit of the age ; the fashion of the times) : 
tempora (the tintee) : the licentious epirit 
of the age, Uoentia temporum : the irre- 
ligious epirit of the age, qun nunc tenet 
anculum negligenda del (deOm, Liv.). 
II 7As wants of our or the present 
age, *quod h»c tempora recmlrunt; 
*quod nostria temporibua deaideratur. 
II riks Atstory of our age, "nostm 
ntatia hiatoria; SBqoiRUa nostm ntatia 
memoria (Cic, De L^., i. 3, 8). 

AGED, ntnte provectior or grandior, 
ntate jam seniol* (in advanced age) : nta- 
te affectua (feeling the effects of old age, 
aged : all qfmen) : vetua or vetulus (pret- 
ty old, of men and things) : grandis, gran« 
mor (vtcA or without natu^ : estate gravis, 
pergrandia natu, exactn jam ntatia (very 
aged) : aenex (an old man : never femi- 
nine) : decropltua, ntate oi aenio confec- 
tua (old and weak\ An aged man, senez, 
homo SBtate grandior. vid. Old. 

AGENCY, II operation : eiTecma (both 
the power of working poesessed by any 
tkinjg and the ^ect) : via (power). Jn. via 
et etrectua : emcientia (working). Some- 
times impolaua (impulsion), appulsus (ap- 
proximation qf an effectual meane or cause t 
especially of the sun : then, generally, the 
working of one thing on another). || Of- 
fice of agent, procuratio (general 
term) : cognitura (q^Me of a procurator or 
agent, especially in fiscal matters). 

AGENT, actor (alicujua rei: doer qf 
any thing, often anctor et actor (Ge#.), 
iHo auctore atque agente, B. C, I, 26) r 
confector (one who completes a work). 
II To be a free agent, ani juria, or sun 
potestatfa, or in euA potestate esse : inte- 
grn ac solidn poiestatis ease (to be onefe 
own mtuter) : nullA necessitate astrictom 
esse (bound by no necessity). Not to be a 
free agent, ex alteriua arbitrio pendfire 
(but not aUnnde or extrinsecus pendere, 
sometimes given, without rtferenoe to tke 
context, from Cic, ad Div., ^1":^,*^). \\NaU 
ural agents, inanima (plural opposed to 
animaUa) : res natnralea : ratione caren* 
tla : radonis expertia. . || To be any 
body*s agent (=:manager of his qf- 
fairs), alicui rationibua esse (from an m- 
scription) : alicojua res ac rationes curare. 

AGENCY, procuratio (general term)'. 
cognitara (in fiscal matters). 


AOGELATION, oongcUtio (jpott^Au- 

agglomerate; agglomerare (jmm(- 
ical): glomerare, con^omerare : comply 
care (fold together) : coogk>bare (roll 
up in a ball): intkans., conglomenui 
(XitMr.) : conglobari : cozicrescere (j^roio 

AGGLUTINANTS, quae aliquid sanant; 

tit COGA^ 

AGGLUTINATE, agglutitiare (aliquid 
■licui rei, Cic.). . 

AGGLUTINATION, conghitinBtio {glw- 
btg together: agglutinatio not found). 

AGGRANDIZE, amplificare (Co make 
of larger extent ; e. g., urbem, rem &mil- 
iarem ; then, pio,, to make more important, 
either by actiontor word»y opposed to ininu- 
ere, infirmare : alicujut gratiam dignita- 
tenunie, to aggrandize a person: alicu- 
jus gloriam : alicujut auctoritatem apud 
aUquem) : dilatare (to extend the euperfi- 
dee of any thing f e. g^ castra: alicujua 
imperium : th^ fio., to increase any 
<Ai»^ by spreading it; e. g,, alicujua glo- 
riam) : propagare, or proferre aliquid, or 
fines alicujug rai (to increau by extending 
its boundaries ; e. g., imperium, fines im- 
perii) : augere (to increase by addition) : 
multiplicare (to multiply) : majua reddere 
(to make larger) : efferre (raise). 

AGGRANDIZEMENT. || of a person 
with, respect to his rank : dignitatia accea> 
aio. \\ Enlargement, ampliflcatio (en- 
largement of the contents of any thing, as 
an action ; e. g^ glorife, rd (umili)^) : 
auctus (increase) : inerementum (increase, 
as thing added ; e. g., rei fnmiliaria, ddtt' 
Ditatis) : propagado, prolatio finitun (the 
enlargement qf a territory or kingdom). 
Also by CBCL. with the verbs under Aa- 


AtSGRANDIZER, ampUflcator: of any 
body, aUcujus dignitatis. 

AGGRAVATE, aggravare (post- Au- 
gustan, but often in Liv. : ager, pondus, 
dolorem, &c.) : gravius, m^jus reddere : 
augere (general term, increase ; e. e., mo- 
lestiam, dolorem) : amplificare (doiorpm, 
Cic). II Xo aggravate (rhetorically), 
auggre; e. ji^., aUcHJus iacti atrocitatem; 
^pam (Cic). 

AGGRAVATION, caci.. by verbs under 


AGGREGATE, s., summa. 

AGGREGATE, p., aggregaro (Cic : less 
common than adjungerc, and only in prose ; 
aliquem or aliquid, ad aliqucm or aliquid : 
aliquem alicui) : congregaro (homines in 
locum. Cic). 

AGfiREGATION, crcl. by verb: con- 
grcgatio (gathering or h^aping together). 

AGGRESS, aggr^di aliquem or aliquid 
(e. ^. inermes, bene romitatum — jnnuam, 
regtonem) : petere aliquem : invadere in 
aliquem : bellum ultro infcrre. 

AGGRESSION, || agffrcssive war, 
*l)dlum quod ultro infertur : * bellum ul- 
tro inferendum, or (if already begun) ilia* 
tum. Sometimes impetus ; incnrsio ; in- 
cursus (attack, general term : the last two 
<lf violent attack*). I| Unprovoked <n- 
jury, generally iaj\xxiii only. 

AGGRESSOR, || tn war, qui bellum 
ausoepit: to be the aggressor, bellum ul- 
tro inferre. \\Ornerally, qui injuriam 
alicui fecit, intulit, imposuit : qui injuria 
aliqucm Incesslvit 

AGGRIEVANCE. Vid Grievakce. 

AGGRIEVE, \\ cause grief to: fo- 
dicarc: fodicnrc animum (to vex; of 
things): alicui wgre facere: alicui inju- 
riam facerc (of persons) : aliqucm or ali- 
cujus animum offcndefe <o/ persons or 
things) : aliquem mord^rc or pungere 
(of things) : quam acorbUsimum dolo- 
rem alicui inurere (of pertons). || To 
wrong, la>dere (general term to hurt) : 
injurii afficcre aliquem, injuriam alicui 
fecere, inferre, imponere : injuriam ^fi- 
re or immittere in nliqucm (to wrong) : 
to think himself aggrieved^ oe lanum pu- 
tare : «egre or moleste ferre : pro molea- 
tissimo liabere (se, &c.). 

AGHAST, territus, cxterrltua, perter- 
rltua. perturbatus, (animo) constematus 
(beside ontfs self with agitation) : (animo) 
oonfusus (confounded) : commotus, per- 
motua (deeply moved). Sometimes afflio- 


tus, percuasoa, attonitus, fnlminatna, ex- 
animatus. Jn. obstupcfactua ac perter- 
ritua : oonfusus et attonitus. You look 
aghast, vultua tuus nescio quod ingens 
malum prsfert To make any body stand 
aghast, alicujus mentem animumque per- 
turbare ; in perturbationem conjicere ; 
constemare; percutere (not percellere). 
To stand aghaM, stupdre ; alicujua ani- 
mum stupor tenet 

AGILE, pemix (opposed to lentus : des- 
trous and active in all bodily movements) : 
aellis, poetical, and in Liv., &x. : evpplc, 
fiiable ; henect also, dextrous in acting) : 

AGILITY, pernlcitss (^amblsness, as 
bodily strength and agility) : a^Ktas (sup- 
pleness ; quickness and dexterity in moo- 
ing and acting). 

AGIO, collybus. To wuJte a deduction 
fbr the agio, deductionem facere pro col- 
fybo (Cic, Verr., 3, 78, 181.) 

AGITABLE, \\that can be put in 
motion, mobilis: quod morori poteat, 
II That can be disputed, quod m con- 
troversiam vocari, dedflci, a<KlQci potest: 
quod in disceptatioiiem Tocarl potest 

AGITATE, PBOPa. \ito put in mo- 
tion, movfiris, commovfire: agitare (to 
wtove to and fro, up and down, Ac.) : qua* 
tere, quaaaare, concutere, conquassare 
(to shake) : incitaro (to put in rapid mo- 
tion ; opposed to tardare) : labefacere, lap 
befi»ctare (to make to totter). Impeopr. 
11 (o disi«r6, commov6re(tomoiM): tor- 
bare, conturbare (to disturb) : percutere, 
percellere (Jg., to strike violently, m4tke a 
violent impression { tkefmnerofasudden, 
the latter of an abiding impression and its 
consequences): (Atfmtmi, animum impelle> 
re, gnvius affloere, conmiovdrp, permo- 
T6re : any body, aliquem percutere ; ali- 
cujus animum graviter commov^re : the 
state (seditiously), rempublioam quaaaare, 
concutere, cooTellere, labefactare, dilace- 
raro (the last, to tear to pieces) : violent^, 
rempublicam atrociter agitare (Sal., Jug., 
37, 1) : the empire, regnum concutrro, la- 
l>efactare ; imperium percutere : the peo- 
vle, dvium animoa sollicitare ; dves. ple- 
bom, &£., sollicitare, condtare: seditio- 
nem, tumultum facere, condtare: sedi- 
tionem commovdre, concire (of exciting 
them to an uproar), jj A question: age- 
re rem or de re (general term to treat it, 
discuss it) : disputare, difieerere de idiquA 
re (of the discussions of learned men, the 
latter, specially, of a continued discourse) : 
sermo est de re (of a conversational dis- 
cussion, whether of two persons or more) : 
aliquid in controversiam vocore, deduce- 
re, adducere (to call it into di^»te). Obs., 
agitare quaestionem is, to think it over, 
t^dgh ittnthe mind. To be ajf itated: 
in controversiA esse or versarl; in con- 
troversiam deductum esse; in contcn- 
tione e8se or versnri ; in disceptatione ver- 
sari : to begin to be agitated, m contentio- 
ncm venire ; in controversiam-vocari, ad- 
duel dcdud. 

AGITATION, II wof ion; raotus (in 
nearly all the accepialions of the English 
word " motion'*) : motio (act of setting in 
motion) : agitatia (the moving to and fro, 
&c.) : jactatue, jnctatio (toftsing and swell- 
ing motion ; e. g., of the sea). To be in 
agitation, movcri, agitari : semper esse 
in motu (to be in constant motion), jj Vi- 
olent motion of the mind: animi 
motus, commotio, concitiitio : violeht ag- 
itation, animi pcrturbatio. Vid. Affec- 
tion. To be in a stale of violent agitation, 
perturbatum esse. Ohcn by participles : 
ta great agitation, value, vchementer per- 
turbatus: maguo animi motu perturba- 
tus : mtumi animi perturliatione commo- 
tus. II Con{roe«r«ta/ discussion: 
3uaMtio (general term for an inquiry into) : 
isputatio (discussion of a controverted 
point, mostly between two persons of differ- 
ent opinions) : tractatio (the handling oft 
e. g., quaMtionem, Quint.). Tb be in agi- 
taaon (of plans. Sue), agL It is in agiut- 
tion to destroy the bridge, &.c, id agi- 
tur, ttt pons— dissolvatur. || Disturbed 
stats ^populace: motus, motus con- 
cursusque, tnmultus, turbsB. ||-^e( o/ 
agitating the people: perhe^ *8o! 
dtatio plebia. 


AGITATOR, t. e., one who sedU 
tiously agitates the people, turbn 
ftc tumultib condtator: stimulator et 
concitator seditionia : novorum consilio> 
rum auctor : seditionis £ax et tuba (qf 
those who raise an uproar qf the people) t 
condtator multitudinis : turbator plcblf 
or vulgi (one who agitates them, unsoUss 
their mind) : concionator (a haranguhr; 
opposed to animus vere popularis, Cio., 
Cat., 4, 5. 9). 

AGNAIL, paronychium or paronychia 
(waptiivix^ov) : pure Latin, reduvia. To 
remove agnails, redurias or paronychiaa 
tollere. 06s, pterygium (vrepuyiuv) is a 
different disease : when the skin grows over 
a naU of the finger orfooL 

AGNATE, agn&tus (related by the fa- 
ther's side}. 

AGNATION, agnado (rdatumship by 
the father's side). 

AGNITION, agnitio (ones in Cic f 
PUm, Maerob., &c.). 

AGNIZEI, agnoscere. 

AGNOMINATION, agnondnatio (^^Pa- 
ronomasisL, Auct. ad Heren.). 

AGO, abhinc (with ace or abl). Some- 
times ante with hie. Three years ago, ab- 
hinc annos tres (or tribus annia). Six 
months ago, ante hos sex menses. Sone- 
times the dbUuive only will do : paucis his 
diebua (a few days ago) : and ante is found 
for abhinc wicAota hie ; e. ^., qui centum 
millibus annorum ante ocdderunt. Long 
ago, pridem (opposed to nuper ; marking 
a distant point qftime) : dudum (opposed 
to modo ; moHnng a space, but only of 
some nUnutes or hours). All often u»m 
with jam. He died long ago, jam pridem 
mortuus est You ought to hare oten ex- 
ecuted long ago, ad mortem te duci jam 
pridem oportel>at Obs., not diu. wkich 
goes with the perfect definite : jam diu voot- 
tuu» est,*' he has been long dead." An 
immense time ago! (in answer to a ques- 
tion : how long t) longissime ! (Plant.) 

AGOG, appdtens, cupidus, avldu.4 ali- 
cujus rei. TO be or be set agog, concu- 
piscere aliquid : trahi or trabi ducique ad 
alicujus rei cupiditatem : tenet me cupid» 
itas alicujus rei or de (in, respect of) re : 
avide afiectum esse de re : cupiditatc ali- 
cujus rd ardfire: incensum, infldnima- 
tum esse : ardet animus ad aliquid fnci- 
endum : ardentcr, flagrantissime cuperc, 
sitire : sitienter expetere. Sec. To set any 
body agog, aliquem cupiditate (nliciijua 
rei) incendere, mflammare : alicui (alicu- 
jus rei) cupiditatem dare or injicen' : ali- 
qucm in cupiditatem (alicqjus rei) impel- 

AGOING. To set agoing, movfire 
(to set in motion) : initium facere : auspi- 
cari (aliquid : to make a beginning. ; as a 
trial, as tt were, of one's luck) : (alicui) auc- 
torem, or suosorem et auctorem, or bor- 
tatorcm et auctorem esse alicujus rd (to 
be the principal adviser of it). 

AGONIZE, II to suffer agony: cru- 
dari, excruciari, discruciari : torqueri : 
TRANS., II (o inflict agony: cruciare, 
discruciare, excrudare, cxcarnificare : 
aliqucm omnibus modis cruciare. ' 

AGONY, crucintus (any pangs, natttrai 
or artificial ; applicable to pangs of the 
conscience) : tormentiuu (especially pangs 
caused by an instrument of torture). Both 
often in plural ; also cruciamentum (a 
torturing: cruciamenta morborum, Cic), 
To be in agony, cruciuri ; excruciari ; dis- 
cruciari; torqueri. 

AGRARIAN, agrarius. 

AGREE, concordare (to live or be in 
harmony: fratres concordant Just.: ju- 
dicia opinione»que concordant: also ali- 
quid cum a]iqu& re: caput cum gestu, 
QuinL : sermo cum vitd, SaL) : coiuiue- 
re (to sing the same tune together, to agree 
harmoniously : together, inter sc or coii- 
cinero absolutely : mundi pai-tes inter k: 
concinunt : vidusne, ut hajc concmuut f 
with any body in any thing, cum aliquo 
aUqu& re : used also qf agreement in 
words ; opposed to discrepare) : conerue- 
re (opposed to repugnare: wuh any bodtf, 
aHcui or cum aliquo : «^ any thing, ali- 
cui rd or cum auquA re : together, inter 
se or absolutely: used also of agreement or 
coincideHce in time) : convenire (seldom, ex- 


c^M»w*dernextkfead: cooTealra «d all- 
qaid=:A Buk) : eoiuentire (jfroperly, and 
aptdaUf of •grtemeMt i% opinion ; but 
Joot hfatortqfptnonijication, oftkingB: 
imireorwitk enm: together, inter ae ; e. g^ 
Tulnu eumoratione; oratio secum ; om« 
net corporis putea inter se) : eooTeoien- 
lem, tiptam, conaentaQeamqae eaee aUcai 
nL 7oi^^reei«opOiaaiiwa2«oidemaenti- 
re cum ^qno (hoc a49eere «Uciii, Gdrmx.). 
Hot to ^^ree, diacreiwre, diaaencire, dia- 
iU£re: aMenam eaae re or a re. Tb^^rae 
with (=6e coHaiotent witk) himoe^f, aibl 
Opoe) conaentire : aibt or aecom conatar 
re. n* letttr» t o tmed to ogrm witk the 
Utem conaentire cum oratkme 
aunt, dc So aententia non conitat 
com— aententiia, Cie. H Enter into, or 
€cc4de tOj an agreement: conventt 
aKcni com aHqno ; inter aliqnoa (not con- 
venio conoi aliquo). ffe ^^re^ inter noa 
conreniL / agreed witk Deiotartu, mihi 
cam DdoCaro convdnit» at» &c. : oonati- 
toere aliqaid (to agree about any thing to 
be done). PASt^ to be agreed. It araa 
ogTttd, conTtait or (if bif treaty) pacto 
eoBvenit <££o.)* Even C4a oonoulo were 
not tkorougUy agreed, ne inter conaolea 
qaidem ipioa aaOa cooTeniebat AU are 
«greed, inter omnea convtait Of a thing, 
aUo pertonaUy, rea conrenit aucni cum 
aliquo or inter aliquoa : the peace had been 
•greed «fwrn, pax conTenerat Wkat had 
bten agreed upon, qua convenerant ^ 
amy thing could be agreed upon between 
Iha», aipoaart inter eoa aUqaid convenire, 
de. TTu term» of peace had been agreed 
upon, conditiaiiea pac^ oonTenerant. 
I Aeeent to, a a a c otjri or (leee coaufMnly) 
aMendre alkui, thaty ut, Ac (Cic^ ad Att., 
9, 9, ixct.) : annoere (abootuu). In die- 
putetion»: coneedere aliauid: confiteri 
aliqaid : largiri or dare aliquid (of a 9ol- 
MCary conaaoioit). H 7b agree to anw 
thing, conaentire alictii rei or ad aUouid 
(to an ^er or propoeal ; e. g., ad inauti- 
aa) : concsedere alicni rei (<o fidd to it; 
e. (^ alicujoa poatulationi. to any bodu't 
demand) : to agree to the terms, conditio- 
nea accipere ; ad conditionca acc«dere 
or deacendere (eape^albf of coming in to 
tkm after long hesitation}. || To agrees 
to live in harmonf, concorditer (con- 
oordiadnie) cum attquo TiTere : mirAcon* 
cnrdii Ttvere (7W.). || To agree with 
«ay bodf (of food, climate. Sec,), aa- 
labrem eMe: not to agree, gravem, par 
Tom aahibrem eaac. || Agreed ! (aa a 
farm ef ate^ting a bet) en dextram I 
(Wt^* Off hand upon O) : cMo dextram 
(gise wteyaur hand upon it). 

AGREE, TBifS., H r«coiic«e, Vro. 

AGREEABLE, |t grataa (valued as pre- 
cious, interesting, worthf of thanks) : ac- 
ecpcns (weleomed) : jucuniuia (delightful, 
brmgingjof to us) : snaria, dulcis, moOia 
(sweet, plea^ng to the senses, and seconda- 
rily to the afeetions. AU these, both of per- 
ssms and things : carua (dsar : of per- 
son^: nrlMmaa (eaurceotta, and so puas- 
img : of conver s a ti on, Ac, or persons) : 
iepidna; fiioetoa: featiTua(^fr«iaM0f of 
way, spbitsd eonoersation, and of persons 
rrmsMkable for it). Of places, amaanua 
(sgrttabie to the senses) : l»tua. Very 
arrMoUc, pei^gratna, perjucundufl. \\Con- 
sistent with : accotnmodatua aUcui rei 
sr ad aliqaid : aptua alicui rei or ad aH- 
fnid: eonreniena, congrufna (<(iie2iic«iaii 
coBgiroaaX conaentaneua alirui rei or cum 
R. Jn. apCsa et accomraodatua ; aptaa 
cooaenlaneaaqne ; congruens et aptua; 
apCoa et congruenaw To be ojtrrefobU to, 
c ooa e u t iie . congroere, Sm., with dative or 
earn. [Vid. to AomsB.] if it is agreea- 
bis to you, qood conunodo ^lo fiat : niai 
Ifti moleetum eat 

AGREEABLENESS. jaconditaa (agree- 
ab lents e ; general term, also, qfapUaeant 
etyUy : gratia (gracefulness, beatOy : also, 
sf style, QninL, la 1, 65, and 96) : venua- 
taa iieaaxy) : aoavitaa (a«c«tfn«aa, attract- 
ioeness : of voice, speech, &c.) : dulcMo 
(MPaerac*^ aaUabilSty). Jn. dolcodo at- 
qoe «oaviiaa (e. g., momni) : anuBoitaa 
(beauty: tapeeiallf of plmots)'. featiritaa 
(pimmmt, lively humor) : lepoa (graceful- 
nem and tenderness in words, style, a spesrk, 
smis ordinary etn ver sm t ion, he.). 


abieness and fuUness qfstj(ls, aaarltaa di- 
oendi et copia. H Coiiatatawcy with, 
convenienda ; to any thing, cum aliquA 
re (Gc) : (congruentia, post-Augustan, 
and very rare.) 

AGREEABLY, jocnnde : auariter : 
amoane : Tenuate : featire. [ 8tn. in 
AonEKABX.KiCKsa.] To speak agreeably, 
BuaTem eaae in dicendo^ qoaai dec6re lo- 
qni (of an orator^ : aoaviter loqui To 
tsU a tale agrssabn, jucunde narrare. To 
writs vsTf agreeably, duldaaime acribere, 
H Consistently witk, convenienter, 
concruenter aUcui rei: apto ad aliquid. 
To live agreeably to nature, natur» con- 
Tenienter or congruenter vivere ; aecun- 
dam nataram viTwe ; accommodate 
(strtfnger, accommodatiaeime) ad natu- 
ram riTere. 

AGREEMENT, coDrentoa, oouTen- 
turn; conatitatnm (an agreement or un- 
derstanding, not fotmalluoinding): apon- 
aio (on agreement by wkiek one party nnds 
kimsdf to anotker: in war, an alliance or 
peace concluded by tke commtandere-in- 
ckief, but not rati/Ud by tke autkorities at 
home : non fcBdere pax Caudlna, aed 
per aponaionem facta eat, Lis.) : pac- 
tum : pactio (a formal, public compact, le- 
gally binding on botk parties : pactio, oa 
act ; pactum, as tke tking agreed upon). 
To enter into or conclude an agreement 
witk any body, padaci, depaciaci, cum aH* 
quo; pactionem cum aliquo fscere or 
conftcere : about any tking, do aliquA re 
paciaci. 7b keep an ag r eem ent , pactum 
preaatare ; in pacto manure ; pactis or 
conTentia etare. If an agreement is not 
brougkt about, al rea ad pactionem non 
▼enit (Cic). According to or by agree- 
ment, ex pacto; ex oonrento (as Cic, ad 
AXL, 6, 3, 1) ; ex conventu (as AucL, ad 
Herenn., 2, 16). Jn. ex pacto et conven- 
to. H Consistency with, convementia 
cum aliquA re. || Resemblance, qu»- 
dam or nonnuHa dmtlitudo. 

AGRICULTURAL, ruaticua: agreatia. 
4,fHeiii(iera{ eperat^ona, rea maticM.' Ag- 
riduUural population, ruatici : tke agricul- 
tural population of Sicily, oui in BidliA 
arant To be devoted to agricultural pur- 
suiu, agriculture atuddre. Devoted to 
agricultural pursuits, ruaticia rebua do- 

AGRICULTURE, agricultOra or agri 
(asrorum) cultura ; or agri (agrorum) 
ctUtio (general terms) : aratio (tillage) : 
arandl ratio (tke method of tillage). To 
follow agriculture as a pursuit, agrum 
colore, agricultune atuddre ; arare (oZao 
to Uve by agriculture). 

AGRICULTURIST, ruaticia rebua de- 
dltua (if U is a favorite pursuO) : homo 
ruaticua : agricow : agri cultor. 

AGRIMONY, agriraottU (Cels, PUn. : 
Eupatorium cannabinum, Lin.). 

AGRIOPUYLLUM, agriophyUon (Ap- 

AGROSTIS, a^fiatlB (Af^uL). 

AGROUND. 7b rwt aground, rado, 
in vadum or litoribua ilUdi (to run on a 
sand-bank or the shore) : in litua ejici 
(to be stranded and wrecked) : in terram 
oeferri (to run ashore). Tke Ject ran 
aground, and was wrecked near tke Bal- 
earic Islands, claaaia ad Bale&rea ejicitur. 
7b be aground, aid«re (to touck lAe bot- 
tontt and so stick fast). || Fiq., to be 
aground ; i.e.,in d^ficulty. unable to pro- 
ceed, in luto eaae (Plaut.) : hnrCre, hami- 
tare (Ter.) ; difficultatibua affectum esse : 
sziobein debt, sste alieno obrAtum or de- 
meraum eaee. 

AGUE, lebria frigida: febria intermi^ 
tcna. 7b kave tke ague, febrim (firiffidara) 
habdre, pati : {rig6re et febri jactan (after 
Cicer&s natua ct febria. Cat., 1. 13, 31). 
7b catck tke ague, febrim (fri^ridom) nan- 
daci, in febrim incidere ; pabn corrlpL 

AGUE-FIT, febrium frigua : frigna eC 
febria (after Cicero's satna et febria). 

AGUISH, febriculoaaa. 

AU 1 iih f (expressing pain, vexation, as- 
toniskment). \\ As eapreuing exultation, 
ha I ha! haal (m lAa ooaito loritera). 

AHA I aha I (in the comic writers : of 
esnsure or r^fksal: also, of pleasure and 
rrultation) ; eu, euge (of somewhat ironie- 
al praise). 


ABEAD, ante aliquem, Ac. To get 
ahead of, prwterire ; ^tam (navem) pr»- 
terirr> (Vtrg., 5, 156). Fio., to run akead^ 
eragari (to wander away at wilt) : modum 
excedere (Lio., to transgress tke bounds 
of moderation). 

AID, Jurare, adjurare, operA a^juvam 
(oppossd to impedire: to assist a person 
striving to do something, which our help 
may enable him to do sooner or better : in 
oay thing, in aliquA re) : auxilium fcrro 
alicui ; auxiliari alicui ; eaae alicui aux- 
ilio : opem ferre alicui : opitulari alicui 
(epposfii to deatituere, deierero : to kelp 
a person in distress. In auxilium ferre, 
iic, the helper is conceived rather as an 
ally, bound to assist : in opem ferre, dec, 
as a generous benefactor. Against any 
tking or any body, contra aliquid or ali- 
quern) : auccurrere alicui (to run to any 
oodjfs assistanae in danger or distress) : 
alicui aubaidio Tenire : aHeui auhvcnire 
(to come to any bodffs assistance in danger 
or distress : also, qf soldiers) : aublcTar» 
aliquem (to kelp a person up ; assist m 
supporting km ; e. g., aUquem fiicoltati- 
bua auia, Oe.). [Vid. Hsu>.l 7b aid 
any bodu in doing any tking, alicui opitu- 
lari in aliquA re facitedA : alicui operam. 
anam commodare ad aliqaid : alicui ope-- 
ram prasb^re in aliquA re (the last, eape- 
daUy of manual labor). Tkeir bodily 
atrengtk did not aid tkent, nihil iia corpo- 
ria Tirea auxUiats aunt (Cic). 

Auk a., auxilium (k^ considered witk 
respect to tke person a s s isted, wkose strength 
is tkereby inertassd ; pL, auxilia, auxiliary 
troops) : opa (oxy means ofasiistiTtg an- 
otker ; Aai^, witk reference to tke gtver) : 
aubaidium (assistance provided against the 
tisse of need : of troops, tks reserve) : ad- 
Jumentum (asststanee, as wkat kelps us ta 
compass on object ; e. g., adjumentum rei 
gerende): prieaidiam (protecting assist-^ 
«ac« ; securing tks obtaining of an ob-_ 
jeet) : opera (active kelp rendered ; serv^ 
ice) : mediclna alicujua i^ (remedial aidr 
serving for tke prevention or removal of a» 
evil). By any body's aid, alicujua auxilio ; 
aUcujua opo ; alicujua ope adjutua ; ali- 
quo adjuvante ; aliquo aojutore ; aUcajus 
operA. Wiikout foreign (L c, another 
person's) aid, auA aponte, per ee. By tks 
aid of Qod, juTante Deo, divinA ope, or 
(if spoken of conditionally) al Deua juret 
or aiyuvabit J^ the aid of any thing : 
mostly the ablative only ; e. g., ingenio et 
c^tationo. To offer onifs ad to any body t 
ofllerr. ae, ai quo uaua opera ait : toward 
or for any thing, ad aliquid opemm auam 
profited : for any purpose whatever, in 
omnia ultra auam offerre operam. 7b 
bring aid to any body, aUcni auxilium, or 
opem auxHiumque, alicui prteaidium, or 
auppetiaa, or aubaidium ferre : alicui aux- 
ilium afferrd : alicui prsBaidium offerre 
(of aid implored ; rid. Liv., 3, i) : alicni 
auxilio, or a4jumento, or preeaidio eaae ; 
alicui adeaae or praMto esse. [Vid. Aid, 
t., and AsaiSTANOK.J 7b seek tke aid of 
a pkysidaa, medico pti : medlcum mor- 
bo adhibSre : for a sick person, medlcum 
ad aegrdtum adduoere. In every circuus- 
stance of life we require tke eUd of our fH' 
low-men, omnia ratio atque institutio Titn 
adjumenta hominum de«iderat \\ A sub- 
sidy, collatio (contribution of money to 
the Roman emperors) : atipa : collecta, a», 
(a contribution). 

AID-DECAMP, *a4jfttor caatrensia: 
adjator ducia or imperatoria (after Orell., 
InseripL, 3517, wkere adjntor comicularii 

AIDANCE, vid. AxD, s. 

AIDER, a4jator : qui opem fert alicni, 

AIL, V. II Pain, dolorem mihi afiert 
ahquid (mentiU) : dolet mihi aliquid (bod- 
ily or mental) : aegre facore alicui (aiaM- 
tat). \\ Indefinitely, to affect. Wkat 
ailsyou, tkat uoa, &c: quid eat canaae, 
cur, &c : quidnam etsse caua» putem, 
cur, &c. (boik with subf.) N To be ail- 
ing, tentti, or minua comm&dA, or non 
firmA Taletudine uti. 7b be always ail- 
ing, aemper infirmA atque «liam »gr# 
▼aletndine eaae. 



AIM, », (A) PBOPS^ scdpna (JSvuBL^ 
Dom^ 19, •. L T^ C4« mark at which one 
mtmt). To HUM on^s am, * acopuin non 
ferire: icttu aUcvu^ deeorrat (PUn., 28, 
3, 16). (B) Fio;, profKMitam : is, qui 
inihi est or fuit propocitUA, exitus : finis 
(end at which one aimed). CSeero ueee the 
OreA, oKoitds : so Afacyv6^ ipsom propo- 
situm, quern Grasci oKoirdv Tocant To 
propose to ontft edf an aim, finem sibi 
proponero : to mis$ oni» aim, a proposito 
aberrare ; propositom non consdquL To 
have a tingle aim^ *ad eadem semper 
eontendere. T\> propoee to on^e eelfkt^ 
or ambition» alms, magna spectare. To 
arriee at, attain to, &c., an aim, proposi- 
turn consequi; eo, quo volo, penrenio ; 
qusB vol&mus, porficere. ^^at it the 
ahn of all thie f qnorsum htoc spectant? 

AIM, V. (A) PBOPB., teltmi (sagittam. 
Sec.) coUin^are aliquo : telum dirigcre, or 
intendore in aliquem or aliquid : petere 
aUquem or aUqoid (more g^eneraUy, to try 
to hit). Obt., coUineare ie alto, to aim 
truly (Cic, De Div., 3, 50, init.). They did 
not wound the headt only of their enemiet, 
btU whatever part of the face they aimed at, 
non capita solum hostium rnlnerabant, 
aed quern locum destinassent oris (Lie.) : 
to am at a partieular mark, destinatum 
potere (Lht.). (B) fio^ To have for 
one't object, roectare aliquid or ad all- 
quid: moliri auqnid (of great thingt): 
petere aliquem (of aiming a ,blow at a 
perton) : velle aliquid (to with to obtain it) : 
rationem referre ad aliquid (to act wuh 
reference to ati oMea) : in animo habere 
aliquid: sequi aliquid: (animo) aliquid 
Intcndere : consilium ali^od sibi propo- 
nere. Of aiming at a perton in a 
neech, by an intinuation, &c., designare, 
denotare aliquem. || 2b guett, Vid. 

AIR, «., K%T (air at an element : at dit- 
tinguished from aather, it it the denter air 
from the earth to the region qf the moon) : 
astfaer (the purer air of the upper regiont 
qfthewy: toy firom the moon to the ttart : 
the heaven) : anuna (the air at an element ; 
vital air : mottly poetical, bta uted four 
timet by Cicero ; e. g., inter ignem et tcr- 
ram aquam Deus animamqne posuit, 
Univ., )q : aura (gently waoinig and fan- 
ning air's : spiritus (the power that tett 
masses qf air in m4)tion : breath-Wee cur- 
reta of air: the cause qf aura and ventus : 
semper aer spiritu aliquo movetur) : 
coBlum Cthe whole aimotphere, comprehend- 
ing both aer and ssther; but tometimet 
VMd for the one, tometimet for the other, 
Vott, ad Vhrg., Ed., 4, 52). A talidrriout 
air, coolum salubre : coeh salubritas : a6r 
salubris : cool air, afir rctfiri^eratus : cold 
air, aAr fricidus. The dentuy of the air, 
afirls crassTtudo. The air atcendt in con- 
sequence of itt Ughtnett, adr fertur levi- 
tate sublime. To mount into the air, sub- 
lime (seldom in sublime) ferri, efferri ; or 
(of living thingt) subHmem abire. To 
Pi through the air, per sublime volare. 
To et^se any thing to the air, aliquid aSri 
cxpouere : to let in the air, afircm immlt- 
tero, or (if by tutting away) coalum 'ape- 
lire olicul rei : to protect any thing from 
every breath cfair, sib afflntu omni protege- 
re aliquid : curare ne a6r aliquid taneere 
possit : to dqprive it of every breath of air, 
alicui rei omnem spintum adimere. To 
breathe air, animam or spuritnm ducere : 
spirare : to lice on air, vento viTere (= 
ike on nothing ; late). To tleep in the 
open air, sub divo cubare. Pbo7., to 
build catllet in the ahr, somnia sibi fingere 
(Tid« Luer., I, 104) : to speak to the air, 
▼erba dare in ventos (Oo., Am., 1,6, €SS): 
verba ventls loqui (Ammian.) : verba 
ventis profundere (Lucr.') : in pertflsum 
dolinm dicta ingerere (Plaiu.) : surdo or 
surdis auribus canere (Cirg.) : frustra 
surdas aures latieare (Curt.), To take 
the airsswaikf Vid. : to take the air in a 
carriage^ on horseback, carpento or equo 
geetan, Teotarl: td take air (=ito get 
abroad ; of secrets. Sec), emanare (to leak 
out). Sec Vid. Abeoad. || Mien^ man- 
ner, look : tultos (the proper word, the 
eountenanes ; the ckmraeter as indicated by 
the motion cf the ewe, the serene or clouded 
brow. &c) : os (the h^ttual eqrression 
of the eye and mouth) : aspectos, visus 


(Zooft) : BpecieB : forma : fiK^ies (these Jhe, 
qf Ueing or lifeless thingi : forma oiso, 
beautiful appearance). A dignified air, 
ad dignitatem apposita forma et species. 
To have a noble air^ esse dignitate none»- 
ti : Of» imposing t commanding, mtgestic 
air, formft esse inq>eratoriA or aaguscA: 
an air of health, \xmiL corporis habitudine 
esse ; * corporis sanitatem prae se ferre : 
an air of kindness, esse humano visu : an 
geminate air, moUem esse in gestu : an 
air of probability, Terisimile videri ; simi- 
le vero rideri. He has an air of being. 
Sec, videtur, with nom. and ir^jin. To 
give any thing an ahr of, alicui rei speci- 
em addere or prasb^re. || ^trs, pL, jac- 
tatio (foolish boastfulness) : gloriatio (tn- 
tolent boattfulnett). TV» give ontft tdf 
abrt, se jactare (to boast foolithly : intol- 
erantlus) ; arrogantiam sibi sumere : se 
ostentare (to do it for the purpote of con- 
cealing real int gnijieance), Jn. se ma^- 
nifice Jactare atque ostentare. If^gatt 
it alluded to, magnifice incedere. 1| An 
air, at a mutieal term, *canticum, quod 
Italia Aria vocatnr: modi, moduli: alto 

AIR, v., a6ri eicponere (to expote to the 
air) : afirem ia aliquid immittere (to let 
the air into any thing ; hence to air an 
indoted space). To air a room, cubiculi 
fenestra^ patefacere, sic ut perflatus all- 
quis acccdat (after dels., 3, 19) : perflatum 
hi cubiculum totis admittere fenestris 
(after Ov., A. A.,3,9Crr,and Plin., 17, 19. 
3l). II 7b dry: siccare, exsiccare. IJ To 
air one's self Vid. to take the air, 
under Aib. 

AIR-BALLOON, *machlna a^robatica. 

AIR-BATH. To take an air-bath, * cor- 
pus nudum afiri exponere. 

AIR-BLADDER, vesica (general term 
for bladdei^ : * vesica super quam nant 
(for swimming with : after Chart., 8, 8, 6) : 
bulla (bubble in the weaer). 

AIR-GUN, * telum pneumaticum (tedi- 
niceU term). 

AUt-HOLE, spiramentum : roiracu- 
lum : lumen (any opening through which 
light and air can penetrate). 

AIRING. To take an airing, equo, car- 
pento vectari, eestarL 

AIRLESS, a«re vacuus. 

AIR-PUMP, *antlia pueumatica (teeh^ 
nical term). 

AIR-SHAFT, fBStuarlum (Plin., 31, 3, 
28» aMtuarium quas gravem ilium halitum 

AIR-SHIP, *navigium per aSrem ve- 

AIRY, PROPiu, (IS J^Consisting of 
air, afirius (of our denser air) : ntherius 
(of the vurer air of the upper sky) : spira- 
bilis : flabilis (breathable) ; hence, impb., 
||i4s thin as air, tenuisslmus (very 
thin), levissimus (very light: both of clothes. 
Sec). To be dad in *'thin and airy hab- 
it^ (Dryd.), levissime vestitum esse. A 
most airy habit^ vcntus textllii (PubL 
Syr., in Petron., Sat., 55) : nebula Unea 
(UAd. : ifofUnen). || As light as air, 
levis, levi&rimus (qf men and things}. 
Airy notions, opinionum commenta. (2) 
II Existing in the air, afirius (in our 
denser air) : etherius (in the upper, purer 
air). (3) \\ Exposed or pervious to 
the air, airl expositus Q>laeed in the 
air's : perflabilis, aSri pervius (through 
which the air can blow: the latter ({fter 
Tac, Ann., 15, 43, 3) : quo spiritus per- 
vOnit: quod perflatum venti recipit (to 
«Aieh the air nae access) : fiigidus (in a 
wide sense, coot). || GAy, sprightly: 
hiliris, hilArus (either at the moment or 
habituaW) : alftcer gaudio (at the moment). 

AISLE, ala (of a side aisle') : spatium 
medium (the nave). Ifo term for our mid- 
dle aisle f tJbs baroarism of leaving only a 
pathway between pews being a tnodem in- 

AIT (or Etght), * insula in flumine 
sita : or insula only. 

AKIN, PBOPB., propinqnus (general 
term) : agn&tus (by tiks father's side) : 
co^&tus (by the mother's side) : consan* 
ffuineus : consanguinitate propinquns (by 
blood : especially of full brtxAcrs and sis- 
ters). Ob8. T%ese may be used substant- 
ivelyf as propinquus meus, Sec. To be 


akin to any body, alicui propinqunm esse: 
alicui or cum idiquo propiiiquitate con 
junctum esse : consanguinitate alicui nro- 
pinquum esse : sanguinis vinculo aucni 
or cum aliquo co^Junctum esse (bp blood). 
To be near akin, arct& propinquUate au- 
cui or cum aliquo conjunctum esse : j;>ro- 
pih^ft cognati^ne alicui or cum aliquo 
conjunctum esse (if by Oke mother's side). 
liffPBOPB., II propinl^us (alicui or alicui 
reO : finitimus, vicmus (alicui or alicui 
rei). Jn. propinquus et finitimus; vid- 
nus et finiamus. TTu poet is near akin to 
the orator, oratori finitimus est po^ta. AU 
the arts and sciences are akin to one an- 
other, omnes artes quasi cognatione aliqui 
inter se continentur. 

ALABASTER, alabastrites. An alabas- 
ter box, alabaster : alabastrum. 

ALACK, ^eu I pro dolor ! vsa mihi ! 
proh dii immortales I deos immortales I 
pro deiim fidem I 

ALAMODE. To be alomode^ in more 
esse: moris esse (q/'cus(om«). Anarticle 
quite alamode, merx delicata (Sen., Bt- 
n^/l, 6, 38, 3). Vid. Fashionablb. 

ALARM, «., ad armal (call to arms). 
To give or sound au alarm, conclamare 
ad arma. Impb., disturbance: turba 
(noise, coftfusum, wild disorder) : tumul- 
tus, tumultuatio (noisy uproar, whether of 
an excited multitude or of an individual: 
then, like trepidatio, the fear, Sec, caused 
by it) : strepitus (roaring, bawling noise). 
Jn. strepitus et tumultus. A false alarm, 
tumultus vanus. To raise an alarm about 
nothing, excitare fluctus in simpOlo' (pro- 
verbiaUy, Cic, De Legg., 3, IC, 36). To 
make an alarm, tummtuari: tumultum 
facere : strepore. To give an alarm of 
any thing, clamare, proclamare, claim- 
tare aliquid : of fare, ignem or incendlum 
couclnmare (Sen., Dt Jr., 3, 43, 3). To 
be in alarm, trepidare. There is terror 
and alarm every where, omnia terrore ac 
tnmultu strepunt (Liv.). The whole house 
is in alarm and confusion, miscetur do- 
mus tumultu (Fir^., .<£»., 2, 466). ||i^ear, 


ALARM, v., PBOPB., to call to arms, 
conclanuure, ad armal \\ Disturb. tur> 
bare, conturbare : pcrturbare : miscure, 
commiscSre : confundere : concitare. 
\\ Disturb with apprehension, com- 
mov6re ; soUicitare ; eollicitum iacere : 
turbare, conturbare, perturbare. This 
alarms me, boc male me habet ^ hoc me 
commove^ ^ungit : alarms me exceeding- 
ly, est aliquid mmi moximo terrori. 

ALARM-BELL, * camp&na incendii in- 
dex (for fore) : * campana incursionis 
hostium index (for invasion). 

ALARM-POST, * locus quo militea ad 
arma conclamati conveniunt. 

ALARMING. To send a very alamin^ 
retort, pcrtumultuoso nunciare. 

ALARUM, «susciUbOlum. \\ Alarm, 

ALAS I oh t (expressing emotion) : pro t 
or i>roh I (erpresnng complaint i alto a»- 
tonishment) : eheu f heu I (expresses pain 
or compUant) : vsa t (exanssing sorrow, 
displeasure. Sec) : ves mini I vao mihi mis- 
ero 1 proh dolor ! me miserum I Aleu .' 
for Heaven's saks, proh dii immortales I 
deos immortales I pro detHm fidem ! Alas! 
soars we degenerated ! tantum, proh 1 de- 
generavimus. Alas ! shall I ever . ,. .? 
en umquam . . . f (t» questions implying^ 
a vdument desire). 


ALAS-THE-DAY ! 5 ^*"* ^^ ' 

ALB, * alba (tc vcstis : ut diac6nvs . . . 
albA induatur. Cone, Cartk, iv., 41). 

ALBEIT. Vid. Although. 

ALBUGO, albOgo : oculi albugo (PUn,'). 

ALCAID, \\ judge of a city, * judex ur- 
banus. i| (Pernor of a town or cetetU, 
prsBfectus urbis, oppidi, castelli 

ALCHEMIST, * alchymista. 

ALCHEMY, *alchymla. 

ALCOHOL, * spiritus vinL 

ALCORAN, * (5oranu8. 

ALCOVE, zotfafica (cabinet: for aUep- 
ing in by day^ Plin.) : dimin. zothecQla. 

ALCYON, alcedo (poetical alcyon) : 
(* Alcc-do ispida, Linn.) 

ALDER, alnus. 

ALDERLIEVEST (Shakip. ths Oo-. 

■nefBetat), dOoodMlnnif : Qoloe di- 

ALDERMAN, deeurio {acDordAmg to 
n»ag9) : ptrkapt «magiMntua nra* 


ALD£RN, alneaa. 

ALE, eereriflia (« drimk of tk» andemtt 
hrtmtd from com. TV» tUoeribe the Otr- 
wamn beer, Taeku» %om oreL: huiiior ex 
hordeo aot fnunento in qoandoii dmOi- 
tadinrm Tini eomiptua, Otrm^ Zi, 1) : 
stthun iZfiSkis, PUn^ Pond.). To brt» 
mct * eereTkiam coqaere. A kottie ofaU, 
* lafena cerevisifla. A bmrel ofaU, *do- 
fiam ceraviaiflBL A glat» cf oU, * Titram 
AjMg qjate, * eandiAra oere- 

AL&BREWER, * careriaU» coctor. 

ALE-CBLLAR, *cella oereriaaria. 

ALE-HOUSE, canpdna (^oMro/termybr 
fubHckouoe). To hoep an oMkoiue, cau- 
panamesercere: * eereTisiain direiidere. 


ALE-KNIGHT, potator: acer potor. 

ALEMBIC, * alembtemn. 

ALERT, aUcer (jnurgttieaO^ aetioe 
mmd M hi^k ipkriU): Te^tna {awake; 
othe bock m &Mb and namd): Tiridua, 
Tigeoa (JmU cf life and energy) : promp- 
tu (ready, aboaye prepared). Jn. al&cer 
cC promptoa.: aoer ec vigena. To be on 
Ae aUrt, Tigflare, eaT«re, no, iic N Pert^ 
emari : procax (boieterouelf forward 
from oMtmramet emd m pm denu ) : proter- 
Tos (impettunuiff reddmehft AMotaitfy frr- 
ward) : 1mm:Itu« (frtU of fun and kigk 

ALERTLY, «laeri animo (alacriter, lato, 
AmmianJ) : aciiler iwkkfirt emd energy : 
kilire idkmrfulbf, gladly 

ALERTNESS, alacritaa («wr.^'Kie vU 
•aeaty. eseindnrtpirUand aetivkif) : Tigor 
(vigorom aetwky) : hOaritaa (mirtkful, 
jofoue aetSvky). 

ALEXANDRINE, *Teraiia Alexandrl- 

ALEXIPHARMIC, alexjpharmioon 
(ante PHn., 21, 80; 84). 
ALGEBRA. • a]g«brtt. 

ALGEBRAIC ? » .i-„k«ii^«- 


ALGID, Mdxu. 

ALGIDITY, algor. 

ALOIFIC alpciia «ML). 

ALGOR, algor. 

ALIAS, alve, aoQ : rei. 

ALIEN, fl Foreign^ pbopb. Vld. 
Auxir, a. || Foreign to, aUenua (not 
nieting or belonging to nu: oppoted to 
vaeoM or amiciis) : from any tking, alicai 
rei,afiqa4re,abaUqaAra: firom any body, 
aficm. ab aliqao. 71» be eiien firom, aUe- 
■am etae, aboorrtra a, Ac. 

ALIEN, a., aMenigtaa (Jkom in afbreign 
emtntry : oppoetd to patrioa, indigona) : ad- 
-vtea (one wko kae come Into the eonntry 
horn the eomntry of kit birik ; oppoeed to 
■d ia liitaT bat tke proper oppoeite to adream 
w aborigiDea, airo}(04¥$s, tke original in- 
kebitanty^ : peregrtnna (one traoelling or 
m jo m nin g ts a eo mn try, and tkerefore not 
p oee nein g tke rigku of dthennk^: tke 
political name of a foreigner: oppoeed 
•adrlt) : hoapea (ovpoeed to popularia : for- 
digner. hnt, a» ewek, claiming from n» tke 
rigkte of koepiuUiyX, Obb., eztfroa and 
«xtenraa demott a foreigner, wketker now 
in kie own land or not : extemoa being a 
gwgre^^demk externa moeUv a volitieed 
term : extnuiena aieaiia wkat i$ wukovl u$ ; 
wppemd to rdatioee, famJIy, native country : 
c xlrafiu a, o p poee d to oni» edf. AU (Am, 
euept hoapea, are need ad^eetively. Jit. ex- 
fienraaetadTena(e.g.,rex); aUenigena et 
exienraa; pcracrinuaetextennu; pere- 
pima atqoe aareiia; peregrinoa atqoe 

ALIEN. V. Vid. AistrntATK. 

ALIENABLE, *qua» alienarl poaaast 

ALIENATE. tiPart witk to an- 
etker poeeeeeor. aHenare, abaUenare: 
Tcodera. Jit. Tenoere et aUenare ; ven- 
dere et abatteaare : a part of any tking, 
demiBiierB de alkiuA re. 7b te aUen- 
mid, aBeaari : Tenire atqoe a Tobia aHO' 
aari; or venire atque in perpetunm a 
vobia aBenarL R JSalran^e, aBenare 
d^aem (a ae: albi, VelL §,113); aU- 
«qM niluirt a tWTi, anlmam atteMre (a 


•e, or abeobetdy, Oee., B. O., 7, 10) : abda- 
oere, abatrahere, anbducere aliquem ab 
aKquo (of tkinge). To be alienated, alie- 
nan, Tolnntate alienari : deaciacere ab ali- 
qao : deaerere aliquem. 

ALIENATE, a^., ab aliquA averaoa, 
aBenatoa. aUtoaa: alicni or in atiqaem 
maleroloa (wieking kim ill) : alicui inimi- 
ena. To be alienated firom any body, tb ah- 
quo animo eaae aUeno or arerM. 

ALIENATION, || act of parting 
witk property: alienatio, abalienatio 
(tke priwer word) : Tenditio (ao^). AUen- 
ation of pari of a p ro per t y , denUnotio de 
aliquA re. || £«(ran^cai«n(, alienatio : 
from any body, ab aliquo (aleo, ab aliqao 
ad aliquem). Jn. alienatio diajunctioqae : 
diajunctio anintorum (witk r^erenee to 
botkpartiee) : d^fipctio (deeertion : of alien- 
ation from a public ckaraeter; from a ntan*e 
patty) : diandium (dieteneion, and eoneO' 
qutnt keep^g aloof\ 

ALIGHT, deacendere : from on^e korte, 
exequo: to aUgkt kaetily, deaillre ex 
equo [Tid. DnvouNT] : from one'e car- 
riage, ex or de rhedA aescendere. || Of 
a bird, devolare (tofy down: in aliauem 
locum ; from de) : to aligkt tkere, oevo- 
lare illuc : in terram decidcre (Oo.). H To 
aligkt at any bodice kouee (ae a 
gwetty, devertere ad aUquem; devertere 
ad aliquem in hoapitiam. || Fall upon, 
deddere fln aliquid ; e. g., imber in ter- 
ramjf : ferire (etrike). 

ALIKE, parlter (in an equal degree, 
tea) leaqfie (in an equal manner). We do 
not all want any tking alike, allquA re non 
omnea pariter or nqvuo egAmua (Cic): 
eodem modo (in tke iame laoaiMr) : juxta 
(witkoiu any dietinetion : not in Cic, dee., 
or Nm. : common in Lie. and SaL) Oood 
and bad aHke, juxta boni et mail ; juxta 
bonl mallque, «Sat (So: juxta obaidentea 
obaeaaoaque, Lio.; hifimem et aMtatem 
juxta pad, SaL ; pjebi patribuaque juxta 
carua, SaU &c.): tamquam (ae well ae). 
Tkie ie tke only cauee in wkick all tkink 
aUke, h0c aola eat cauaa, in gnft onraea 
aentirent unum atque idem, Cic (Suet.. 
idemque et unum aentire). || Ueea 
adjectively, aimilia, conaimilia, aaaimi- 
Ua: geminua (exactly aHke). Jn. aimilia 
eC geminua : eametly aWce, geminua ct si- 
ml&mua (in any tking, aBquA re) : aimil- 
ttmua et maxime ceminua : to be aUke, 
aimilea ease /^ faee^ facie): to make 
tkinge alike, *hanc rem ftd aimilitudlnem 
illiua fingere : fingere, aaeimilare banc rem 
in apeciem illiua, Tac Vid. Likb. 

ALIMENT, allmentum : «ibua : nutri- 
mentum: pabulum: paatua: Tictua. Stn. 
in Food. 

ALIMENTAL, in quo nraltom aUmentl 
eat : magni cibi (e. g., caaei) : magni oibi 
(oppoeed'to minimi cibi) : valena, tlrmiw, 
yalentia or firm» matori«B (oppoeed to im- 
bacillufl, infirmua, imbedlltB or inflrme 
materiie, Cele.). Oaa., alibUia only Van*. : 
nutribllis very late. 

ALIMENTARY, alimentariua (Col in 
Cic, Fam., 8. 6). || yutritioue. Vid. 

ALIMONY, alimonium (fiut not ae a 
teeknieal term for tke allowance for a wiftfe 
supports : perkape *in alimonium quod aa- 
tia ait (afterward In fcsnua Pompdi quod 
aatia ait, Cic AtL, 6, 1 : alimonium, poet^ 
class., SueLj CaUg., 42: ** coUationee in 
alimonium atque dotem puello» recepit*^. 

ALIVE, vivuo, TiTena (opposed to mor- 
tuua: Tirua denoting eztetence only: t1- 
vena, tke manner of ezietenee): apirana 
(still breatkin^ : salvua (m/^. To bum 
any body alive, aUquem vivum combu- 
rere : to make alive again, a morte ad ▼!- 
tarn rorocare ; iCb in^rla exdtare ; ab 
Oreo redftoem in lucem facere : to escape 
aUve, vivum efTagero ; aalvum, incoltimem 
eradere : wkile.iam oHoe, dum vivo: mo 
vivo : in me& vitA : to 6« aUve, rivere, in 
TitA oaao : vitam hnbAre : ritA or hac luce 
frui: to Jtnd any body alive, aliquem vi- 
Tum reperire : etHl alive, aliquem adhnc 
apirantem reperire. || Fro., vividus : ve- 
gfttoa: aoer: alAcer, Ac || To keep 
any tking alive (jig.), e. g., afection, 
nutrire, alere : alere atque augCro (e. g., 
deaiderium, oppoaMd foexatinguero). U Ae ' 
need witk superlatives ; e. g., " (Ae wissst \ 


aiam alive,** loogev nialto; omnium— 
multo. 7%e Aan^aoaMal maa alive, omni- 
um hnjua etatia multo formoaiaaimna. 
IMa used witk negativee; e. p, "fM 
man alive:** by ntatia muo (of a past 
time^ ; etatia bujua, eorum, qui nunc or 
hodie aunt (ef a present tiau). 

ALKALINE.^ alcaUnua (teeknieal tern) ; 
e. ff^ * aal aleaBnua. 

ALL, omnia (every, all : plural omnea, 
all, witkout exoqption: opposed to nulB, 
paud, aliquot, Sec) : cuncO (all collective- 
ly, considered as really united : o pp ose d 
to diaperri, aejunctL Hence in tke singu- 
lar it is used only witk oolleetibe nouns ; e. 
g., aenatna cunctua) : univeraua, univerai 
(all, as united in our conception: op- 
powd(aainculi,unaaqniaque. It exclude» 
exceptions Uke onmea, but witk mors rafter- 
enee to tke wkote tkan to tke separate unit» 
tkat eompoee it). Oaa., omnia Italia, geo- 
grapkieaily : Italia cuncta, j|tf^.=aU cA« 
i n hab it a nt s ofltaiy. Aia. ieaJLso expressed 
strongly by two n ega ti os s , nemo non, nul- 
lua non, nemo witk quin ; e. g., all see U, 
nemo non videt : all did it, nemo eat, quin 
£»cerit. i| AU=ieaek, quiaquia : quiaquo 
(«acA one, tke predioaU being asserted of 
sack and all alike) : quhria (any one, witk- 
out selection, but one oniy) : unuaquiaque 
(aacA single on^. T%ust in all pleice», 
quoque loco. Ikad ratker tujer au man- 
ner of evils, ouidvia malo patL || When 
ALL stands witk an at^eetioe to denote a 
wkole class, tke Romans generally mad» 
eaek individual prominent by tke use oftk» 
superlative witk quiaque : a« tA« best men, 
optimua quiaque. || ALL = »Aoeo0r, 
wkat ever, quicuraque: oU, loAo were en- 
gaged, will know, quicumque proeUo in- 
terfttit; adet : sometimes quod (witk eat or 
habeo) witk tke genitive. All tke time I 
cam spare from my foren^ labors, quod 
mihi de forenai labore temporia datur : / 
«eal to tke Pr^Uors to bring you all tke sol- 
diers tkey kad, ad Pnatorea miai, ut, mili- 
tum quod haberent, ad Toa deduocrent 
II ALL=any. after witkout (e. g., *' witk- 
out all doube*), uUua (for wkick tke conk- 
ie writers and Ooid sometimes use omnia). 
y a negative precedes, aliquia or omnia. 
\iAll in all, or ali. used substantive- 
ly, maty be trsMslated in various ways; e.g., 
Aia aoa isaUinallto Mas, filiua aUcui unua 
omnia eat; filium fert or geatat in ocnlia : 
ke kas lost all, everaua eat fortunia omni- 
bua. n At all : omnino : proraua : e{fier 
n^atives, nihil (tke neganoe being un- 
translated) : never at aU, omnino nun- 
quam : netking at ail, omnino nihil : ao- 
u^ure et all, onmino nuaquam: kardbf, if 
at all, rix, aut onmino non : «oc «acA, ^ 
at all, non multum, aut nihil omnino. 
II wit all times, omni tempore: aemper. 
II Witk CAN, COULD. All I can, quantum 
poaaum or (jf relating to tke future) po- 
tero. / would strive all tkat ever I could^ 
quantum maxime poaaem contendercm. 
AU tkat in me Ues, or is inmy power, quan- 
tum in me erit (relating to tke future). 
He did all ke could to overtkrow tke state, 
ren^ublicam, quantum in ipao fUit, OTor- 
tit : to labor all I can, quantumcumque 
poaaim, laborare. || To bb all onb. It 
u all one to me, liihfl mea intereat or rhiert 
(it is all one to Cuius, nihil CaU intereat or 
refert) : aliquid negligo, non or nihU euro ; 
aliquid ndhi non euro e»t: itisall one to 
kim wkat people tkink efkim, negUgit, non 
or niliil curat, quid de le quiaque aentiab 
II Fob all a)=ialtkougk, Vid.: (2) in 
spite of, adreraua: A« ii a fool for all 
kie age and graty kairs, ataltua oat ftdrer» 
sua »tatem et capitia canitiem. Som^ 
«NM» by in witk tke ablative (e. g^ noadta- 
bantur tamen in tantA deiormitate, fbr 
all tkeir pitiable appearance) : /of%U tkatf 
tamen ; nihilo aedua ; nimlo minua. 
II Wkile^all tke wkile (as used to 
point out tke eoexiatenee of two states, Ac, 
lAat skould not coexist) : qnum interea 
or quum only ; e. g~ beUum aubito exar- 
ei!t^--quum Ligariua, domum apecCana, nul- 
lo ae nogotio impUcari paaaua eat (*' toAUa 
Lig. all tke wkite,** See). || All along, 
aemper (ahoays): continealar (unintar*' 
rupudliy t ineeesantly). H All and Kacb, 
omnea ao ainguU; ainguB uniTeraiqiip. 
H All, without mMcmmoK, oauea id 



.tunuiQ, or (leu commonly ad unvrn oni' 
nee (here unum is nsuter, but n&» and 
then agrtu with the »ubttaHtU>e : «, naves 
ooerariffi omnes ad unao sunt except», 
Cic., LentuL, in Cic Eik,1% 14, 2). || Not 
▲T ALL (m aiwtner»), non : minime vero : 
minimft .... quidem : at»o imo : Imo rero : 
imo enim vero : imo potius (with an ms- 
aertion of the opposite of that which the 
quesUon implies^. Imiead of non onlv, 
non with the verb of the question is wtostiff 
used: non irata es f not at all t non sum 
irata I don't you believe this ^ an ta nee 
non credisi not at all I minime Terot 
num igitur peccamos 1 not at all! minime 
vos quidem 1 siccine hunc decipis I not at 
aU: it is he who is dee^ving me: imo 
enim vero hie me decipit No ; not so at 
all i non ita est It is not so — not ataU! 
non est ita ! — non est profecto. || All the 
BKTTXR, tanto melior I (a conversational 
form of approbation or encouragement 
PlauL: omnes sycophantias instraxi et 
oomparavi, qao pacto ab lenone aufenun 
hoc arsentum : tanto melior I Vid. 
FreundTs Let^tsnto). ^AdditioigalrH%AB' 
xs. All or nothing, nihil niri totum : aU 
and each, omnes sinfuli: all without ex- 
option who, omnes quicumque : brfore all 
things, oninium pnmum, ante omnia; 
also, imprimis: against all eapectation, 
prwter oplnionem : ex inopinato : oA on 
a sudden^ improviso: repente (Stn. in 
Unkxpcctbdly) : against all chances, md. 
omnes casus : oU mankind, universum ge- 
nus hominom; universitas generis Imma- 
ni : now you know it all^ remcHunem ha- 
bes; habes consilia mea (of a person's 
viewe): is that allf tantnmne est t it is 
eUl over, actum eat (de . .) : to be all in all 
to any body, omnia esse alicui: with all 
onis might, onmibus viribus or nervis, 
&C. Md. Might): in all possible wave, 
(omm radone ; e* suto plunder any body, 
oxinanire). HeisMldMit,U}taBexfrs,nae 
constat /( all depends on (any thing be- 
ing. Sec.), totum m eo est ut (if oti any 
thing not being done, nd. Vid. Cic, 
Qjuint, Fratr., 3, 1) : it is agreed on all 
hands, constat inter omnes or omnibus 
(Oes., B. Q., 4, 99. end) : to be all for him- 
se{f, sue privato compendio, privats (do- 
mestic») utilitati servire ; aid snnm fruc- 
tum, ad suam utUitatem reforre omnia ; 
id potius intuSri, quod sibi; quam quod 
universis utile sit ; nihil alteriua cansA, et 
metiri suis oommodis omnia. Men are 
»11 for themselves, omnes sibi case melius, 
quam alteri malunt 

ALL-KNOWING, cujus notitiam nul- 
la res eff &glt : * qui eventura novit omnia, 
fee velut prsBeentia coutemplatur. 


ALL-SEEING, *qui omnia videt, eon- 

ALL- WISE, * cujus absoluta est et per- 
fectissima sapientia : * perfecte planeque 

ALLAY, ©., Icnire (the proper word; o. 
g^ a disorder, pain^ hate, urath, sorrow, 
CLc): mitigare, mitiorem iacere (e. g., 
vtun, a fever, melancholy, Si^i.) : levare (to 
l^h^ : also elevare eegritudinem, soUi- 
^udinem, &c.). To allay thirst, sitim 
reprimere, sedare ; sitim re-, ex<stinguero, 
depollere (of entirely quenching it). 

ALLAY, c yx. No Latin word to de- 
nou it as thing. Vid. Adulteration. 
Impb.. mitiRatio : levatio : allevatio (alle- 
viation) : uuxtio, permixtio (mixing ; as 
action and thing) : mtxtara (mixture ; as 
manner and thing) : adultoratio (adultera- 
tion): depravatio (deterioration produced 
by the admixture of something). 

ALLAYMENT, lev&men, levamentum, 
•Uevamentum (aUci^us rei): medicina 
(lliot^ rei). 

ALLEGATlON,sententia(opt}itoi»): hi- 
didum, significatio (declaration of a wit- 
ness) : teramonium (allegations of a wit- 
ness) : of witnesses, authonties, Ac, pro* 
lalio: commemoratio : amnnado (asser- 
tion of « fact)» II Plea, excuse, excusa- 
tio : cauaa (reason alleged). 

ALLEGE, II affirm, aifirmare (to 
maintain as eertatn, ojffirm): asseverare 
(to nfirm stronjrly)- Osa., asserere is un- 
classieaL H To brin^ forward eot> 
4tncs, Sic^ affem teattmonittm: a pas- 


sags, locnm afferre : a reason, ratkNiem, 
causam afferre : to allege any thing as an 
excuss, excusare aliquid. 

ALLEGEMENT. Vid. Allegation. 

ALLEGER, cbol. by verbs [commemo- 
rator, TVrtl. 

ALLEGIANCE, obedientU: fidditas: 
fides. To retain any body in his alls- 
^tait<3e,.ali()Qem in officio retinftre: ali- 
quem in ditione atque servitute tendre 
(if the subfset of a liespotie monarch or 
government) : to swear aUegianee to, in 
verba alieujus or in nomen alicujus Ju- 
rare (to take an odih of fidelity : of dtitens, 
magiMrates, soldiers, &c) : m obsequium 
alicujus jurare (to swear obedience : qf per- 
sons holding fHaces qf high trust ; e. cr., 
commanders-in-chief Just., 13, 2, 14) : ali- 
quem venerantes regem consalutare (to 
salute or acknowledge as king : of Eastern 
nations, Tac). 

ALLEGORICAL, allegoricus (lau : Ar- 
nah., Tert.). 

ALLEGORICALLY, per transhitio- 
nem : alle«>rlce (late) : operte atque sym- 
bolice (QtlL). 

A LLEGORIZE, * continue tnmslatione 
uti: (allegorixare very late: TerL, Hie- 
ron.) : aliud verbis, siUud sexunx ostendere 
(Quint's d^nition of allegory). 

ALLEGORY, allegoria (Quint., Latin 
and Qreeh : in 8, 6, 44, A« «^^tolns it by 
inversio : genus hoc Greed appellant iX- 
Xtjyoplav, (Cic.) : continute Cic), con- 
tinuat» (Qnint), translationes ("quum 
fiuxerunt continun-pluros translationes," 
Cic) : contlnuos trauslationis usus (afier 
Qu(nt, 8, 14). 

ALLEGRO, *cantns, or modus inpi* 

ALLEVIATE, Ic^re (to soften f to make 
lees painful or disagreeable ; e. ff., dolorea, 
miseriam, ngritudinem) : nmigare (to 
make milder: iram, tristltiam, severita- 
tem, dolorem, labores, febrem, &c.) : 
moUire (to safien: iram, impetum): le- 
vare, allftvare (to lighten; partiaUy re- 
move: levare luctum, metum, molestias, 
curam: also levare aliquem tuctu, Liv.: 
allevare sollicUudinea, onus): sublevare 
(pericula, otfensionem, res adversas): 
Uxare (to lessen the tightness of any thing 
that compresses: laborem, lAv.): expe- 
dire: e%:i^\icsTe (to render the performance 
of any thtn^ easier) : tempcrare (to temper 
by an admixture of an omosite feeling ; e. 
g., hilaritatis or tristitisB modum, Cic). 
To alleviau any bodtfs labor, partem la- 
boris alicui minuere : to alleviau in some 
degree, aliqui ex parte allevare. 

ALLEVIATION, levatio: allevatio, mit- 
igatio (as act or thing: alleviation ad- 
ministered): levamen, levamentum, alio- 
vnmentum (as thing: allevialion receiv- 
ed): laxamentum (some remission that 
falls to on^s lot): delenimentum (hoc 
Cic or Cos.) : medicina alicujus rei (reai- 
edy for it) : fomentum (a soothinsr appli- 
cation : fomenta dolorum, Cic). To cause 
or bring with it some alleviation, habere 
levatioucm alicujus rei (e. g., egritudi- 
num) : levationi or Icvamento esse : to 
find or seek for some aUeviation, levatio- 
nem invenire alicui rei (e. g., doloiibus). 

ALLEY, ambttlatio (for the purpose of 
walking up and down) : ^eRtano (a place 
planted with trees for driving round for 
exercise) : xystus (explained by yitrtss. to 
be hypwthra nmbulatio ; a walk wUh trees 
or diqpped hedges on each side, and gener- 
ally adorned with statues). || Lane m a 
town: angiportus, da (also angiportum). 

ALLIANCE, foadus (treaty, alliance): 
societas (etale of being «Mied). is. socie- 
tas et foedus; amicitia aodetaaque. To 
make or form em alliance with any body^ 
fcedus cum aliquo facore, icere, ferire, 
percutere; foodus jungere or inire cum 
aliquo ; fcadere jungi alicui ; societatom 
cum aliquo &cere ; aliquem sibi societate 
et fbodere adjun^re. To be in allianes 
with any body, mihi cum aliquo ictum est 
foedus. To observe the terms of an alli- 
ance ; to be true to an alliance, raadus ser- 
vare, foedere stare ; in fide manure (op- 
posed to breaking its terms ; fosdus neglige- 
re, violare, rumpere, irangere). Impx., 
11 close connection in private life, con- 
Jtioctio : societas. Jn. coojunctlo et to» 


detas: neoessitudo (the mutual relation 
in which friends, colleagues, patron, and 
client stand together) : copulatio (rare, Cic, 
De Fin., 1, 20^ 6») : coiuunctio afflnitatls, 
affinitatis vinculum (by marriage) : com- 
munio sanguinis, consanguinitas, conaan- 
guinifeatis or sanguinis vinculum (of fela- 
tionship). The tuUance of friendehip, can- 
Jonctio et famiUaritas. To farm an alli- 
ance with any body, sociatatem cum att- 
QUO inire, coire, bicere: to break U of, 
oirlmere. A very close, the closest possibls 
alliance, coUigatio arctissima societatib 
(^fUr Cic, De Qff., 1, 17, 53). To form a 
closer alliance wUh any body, arotiora ne- 
cessitudinis vincula com aliquo contra- 
here. || = marriage: to form an altt- 
anee with any body, adnnitatera cum aliquo 
jungere ; cum aliquo afflnitate sese con- 
junsere or devindre : to form an alliance 
with such a family, filiam or virginem ex 
domo aliquA in matrimoninm petere (of 
the ntan : afterward, Lho., 4, 4, mid.) : nu- 
bore or innubere in aUcujus familiam or 
domimi (of the female). To form a matri- 
monial alUance CL e., with the person mar- 
ried), matrimonio jungi or conjungi ; nup* 
tiis inter se jungi Vid. Makbt. 

ALLICIENCY, «attrahendi, que did- 
tur, vis (magnetical attraction) : * via ad 
•e Ulidendi or attrahendi (tnipr.). 

ALLIED, p., foedcratns : fcedere June- 
tus : socius (as ally). || Related by blood 
or marriage, propinquus, cum aliquo pro- 
pinqnitate conjunctus (general term) : ne- 
cessarins (joined by ties of family or of- 
fice, sometimes = prop, qfa distant degrm 
eif rdationship) : agnatus (by the fatke^s 
nde): oognatus, cognatione coijunctms 
(by the mother's side) : afflnis, afflnitate or 
affinitatis vinculis conjunctus (connected 
by marriage) : consanguineus, consangoia* 
i^ite piopinquus (by blood ; espeeiauy of 
full brothers and sisters). Closely allied, 
aretA propinquitate or propinquA cogna- 
tione conjunctus : cum ahquo conjunc- 
tus. H Fig., closely connscted, pro- 
pinquus, vicinus, fimtimus (alicui or aU- 
cui .rei). Jn. propinquus et finitimus : 
finitimus et vicinus. [^ Afflnis, in tkim 
sense, is without any s^fficientiy old au- 

ALLIGATE, aDigare (aliquem or aU- 
quam rem, ad aliquid : aliqud re). 

ALLIGATION, alligatio (CoUm., Vitr.). 

ALLIGATOR, crocodlius. 

ALLIGATURE, alligatQra (Colwm.), 

ALLISiON, offenslo*: pulstu: impni. 
■io : allisio (TrebelL, digitorum allisioue) : 
coUfsua (SUver Age). 

ALLITERATION, «vocaboblrum ■!■ 
militer indpientium continuatio. 

ALLOCATION, adjunctio : adjectio. 

ALLOCUTION, allocutio (poet-Augus- 
tan). Vid. Address. 

ALLODIAL, proprius, * allodialls. Al- 
lodial lande, agri immQnes Ubcrique. 

ALLODIUAi, ager immanis liberque. 

ALLOO. Vid. Halloo. 

ALLOQUY, alloquium (Liv. : a hortm- 
tory, consolatory, or animating address). 

ALLOT, dispertire, distribuere (the 
fbrmer, with r^erenee to the act of divi- 
sion ; ihe latter, to its just and proper per- 
formance): impertire aliquid ahcui {fo 
give in a frienaly manner ,* e. g., laudem 
alicui) : tribuere (to give in ajuet or judi- 
cious fMtnner; e. g., alicui priores partes) : 
assignare (to point out to each his portion ; 
e. g., multibus agros : used, also, of dutiea, 
tasks, Ac, munus hnmanum a deo Aasig- 
natum dcfugere, Cic). 

ALLOTMENT, asslgnatio (act ofaUot- 
ting ; especially of land to a colonist) : 
pars (portio, in classical Latin, occurs 
only in the form pro portiono). Sometimas 
ager, possessio (a property, possession): 
quod sorte alicui evcnit; quqd sortitoa 
est (what he has received by lot). l^^Ath 
AgnaXio may be used for *^ an allotment;** 
e. g., adimere asdgnationem, Ulp., Dig^ 
38, 4. 

ALLOTTERY. Vid. Allotment. 

ALLOW, II admit, in argument, con. 
cedere (general term) : oonntftri (witkami 
being convinced) : assentiri (assent to f)rom 
eonvtction) : dare aliquid (to allow pro- 
viously). Vid. on aU these, Cic, Tusc^ 1, 
6; 16, «Ml 11, 99^ mPsrmit, ooootdeiv 


Owwtfy 91» bdn^ entreated : oppoeed to re- 
pugnare) : permittere {oppoeed to rctare : 
pamil): lardri {from kfndneea or com- 
/iaieanct) : facultatem dare, or potecta- 
•em fkcere aUcnjos rei : permittere licen- 
6am, at, &c. (to put it in anff bod^'e poteer 
to do it): alica jtu rei Teniam dare, or dare 
banc Teniam, at, Ac. {to akom indulgence 
in any thing). It ie allowed, conceaaom 
est {genefiU term) : Beet {ie permitted In 
kumnn lam, poeiHve^ cuMonuay, or tradi- 
tional), Jn. Ucitom cooceasomque est: 
fas est (&y divine law, including the law 
of eonedence). Jn. jos feaque eat As 
fer as the laws aUow, quoad per leges U- 
eeat {or licitam est, for present time). In 
great danger fear does not allow of anv 
esa^Mssion, in magHo pericnlo timor mi> 
srricordiam non reclpit \i Suffer, li- 
nere, pati, feme, Ac. Vld, Suffeb. || A l- 
low one's self anv thing or in anff 
thing {■=indulge) : sibi samere (of wluu 
might seem presumptuous) : sibi indalgOre. 
iJtlowed, licitos, permiflsns, concessus. 
batos : spectatus {proved) : confcssos (oe- 
knawledged). A man of allowed integrity, 
Tir spoctat» integritatis. || To allow (of 
wttge^ dare allcai mercftdem opersB: 
mercedem alicajus constituere {to jait 
at so much : the sum being in apposition). 
To allow so much fbr any thing, pecnnias 
ad aliqaid deeemere (e. e., aa lodos, for 
public games) : to aUow the expenses of a 
journey, Tiaticam alicoi redaere. || To 
allow an excuse {■=.a^cntmledge its 
talidity), excosationem, satisfiKrmnem 
accipere : not to allow it, non accipere, 
BOO pn^re : to allow a debt, cdnfitdrl a» 
aliennm or nomen {achnowledge ir). |t TV» 
allow {=zmahe allowance) for any thing 
im a calculation or action (e. g., for waste 
in setting goods ; for the wind in aiming 
at a mark), perhaps alicnjas rei rationcm 
kabdre. Not to aUow for any thing, ali- 
qaid neg ii gere. To aUow something in 
selling, sce^ aSooid de sommA deducere 
or detrabere : aliqaid dedocere {not de> 

ALLOWABLE, lieitofl : concessns. 

ALLCnVABLENESS, bv cucl.. to deny 
tike aUowabUness of any thhtg, rem licitam 
esse D^are 

ALLOWANCE, concessio, permissio 
(<« the ablatioe,. concesso, permissa). 
i Abatement of rigor on any ac- 
count, indolgentia, venia: to make a^ 
lemances, concedere, condonare aliqaid 
(e. g., maA alicajua, to pardon any tMng 
on aceawtt ofapersorCs age\ \\ Accept- 
aneej^ceep&o, comprobatio. ^An al- 
lowance, aUmenta {plural, all that is air- 
lowed for any bod^s support) : cibariam 
{allowance for food) : vestiarhim (allow- 
once far wss) : * qaod qois aUcui pne- 
ttat: to mahs any body an allowance for 
food and clothing, alicui pnestare cibari- 
am, restiariam. To keep on short allow- 
ance, afiqocm arcto contcnteque habere 
^laut.) : eaigae allcai samtom prab^re. 
lAbatement, deductio. 

ALLOY. Vid. AiXAT. Without al 
by, poroa» sinc^nu : in metals also soli- 

ALLOY, r., ritiare, depravare : adalte- 
nre (to corrupt by mixing what is furi- 
ous or bad with what is genuine f e. g., 

ALLSPICE, * phwr Jamalcam. 

ALLUDE, signiflcarc aliqaid or de all- 
qol re : dedgnare aHqoem (oratione saA, 
(>f): earilbrl aliqaid (to attude in a 
haatering wtanner) : Jocari in aHqaid (to 
aUude ^ayfuUy to; vid. Lh, Xi, 34): 
spertare, respic er e aJiquid : covertly, tecte. 
Be alluded (tften and plainly to his inten- 
tion not to, Ae^ maltas nee dabias signifl- 
fariffn e%sgpe jedt, ne, Ac. {Suet. Ner., 37). 
QPAIradere alicoi rei is undassical 
Tfound only in VaL Max.) : Innnero not 
Letin inthis sense. 

ALLUEE, aHiofre, allectare. Jn. inrt- 
tve et allectare ; allectare etinTitare ; off 
■Bqoem ad aliqaid : iHicere or pelUcere 
•Bqoem in or ad aliqaid: inescare {at- 
tract by a baU): {Uecebris trahere. To 
aUurs huvromioeat prondaaia indocere. 

ALLuRC, Sn eaca, illeeebra (propsr 
timd improper*) : dboa ad fraodem aUcvOus 

▲ Llif 8 


podtat {Lio.), also from evnlcif, «ibas ' emeodicare ab aliquo : to live on ate% 

911^. Ta take by an allure, cibio Ineaoare. aliend misericordlA rivere ; meodicantcm 

A bird used as an allure is illex. vivere {PlauL, by begging /or alms) : 

ALLUREMENT, || as action : allecta- , stipe procariA rictitare {Ammian.,2S, 10) : 

tlo {Q,uint., huL, 1, 10, 32). D As thing: to live by any body's alms, * ope alicujua 

inTitamentom : incitamentum. Allure- sostentatum virere: to hold out on^s 

wtents, IDecftbro : sometimes blandimenta. hand for an aim, tn^nntp ^d stipem por- 

Allureseants to sensual pleasures^ also le 

ALLURER, aUcctor {Col): Ulex {a 
bird used as a lure by fowlers : fgurative- 
ly, a misleadert Sux., PlauL, AppuL). 

ALLURING, blandus: dukis. 

ALLURINGLY, blande. 

ALLUKINGNESS, illec^br»; blandi- 
menta (jfluraC), 

ALLUSION, sisnificatio {also in plural, 
as Suet. Ner., 37, Bremi). 

ALLUVIAL, )flaminibus agiestus 

ALLUVIOUS, 5 (Pliny) : ^uvius 
(For.): per alluvionem a4}ectus (Qai., 
Dig'): qoi fluminum alluvie concrevit 
{<JoL), accrerit {Qoi.). 

ALLUVION, allaviea: flaminum aDu- 
▼ies (CoL) : aUavio. 

ALLY, Wjoin one thing to anoth- 
er, conjongcre aliq^uid cum aUquA re: 
adjungere aliquid alicui rei, or ad aliquid 
(both proper and improper) : copulare ali- 

id cum aliquA re {join fast, unite a^\f 

a band, thong, Sui., figuratively) : con- 

Cxd.. fry stipem spar- 


rigere (Sen.). 

gere, largirL 

ALMS-GIVER, * qui stipem confert in 

ALMS-HOUSE, ptochotrophlum. pto- 
chiura {(Jod., Just., 1, 2, 15, a*d 19 ; 1, 3; 

ALMS-MAN. * qui alienA misericordiA 
vivit; qui mcndlcans vivit: mendlcua 
{beggar) : planum (vagrant). 

ALMUG-lliEE, Santalum album or 
Ptcrocarpus SaudiOlnus (eandal-tree). 

ALOES, aloe, es. Ii Agall6cha excs»- 
caria; agalldchum (a tree of which the 
bark and wood are used as perfumes in the 

ALOFT, sublime (in sublime, post-Au- 
gustan) : to be borne or carried aloft, sub- 
' lime ferri (of living creatures and things) : 
sublimem abirc (of living things) : pennlf 
sublime ferri, pennis or alis se levare (of 
birds). ^ 

ALONEI, adj., solus : unus (opposed to 

neetere aliquid cum aliquA re (connect as several or all = my single self; by myself; 
< ifbyatieorknot:figurativ(Uy,e.g.,OTieiy ^ for which also solus, unus, solus): sine 
. feem et oocidcDtem ; amicitiam cum vo- arbitris, remotis arbitris (without wunesses, 
hiptate). \\ Unite or league one's spectators, Ac.). To be alone, eaium eeaOt 
eelf with, se jungere, conjungere cum al- secum efse (without any companion or at- 
iquo (jobt : generally) : societatem inire, tendant) : sine arbitris esse. To lihe to 
coire, fisoere cum aliquo (ertter into a com- be alone, secretum captare (in Silver Age), 
pany, league, Sac.) : Icsdus facere (of an ' One who likes to be alone, solltnrius. 7b 
actual alliance) : mf marriage, matrimouio j let any body alone, sinero aliquem. To 
ipliqaem secum jungere. i| 7*0 be al- \ let any thing alone, omittere aliquid : ali- 
quid non &cere. Let me alorUf txoa ma\ 
noli me turbare : omitte me. 

ALONE, adv.t solum, tantum. Not — 
otoas, (lit, non tantum (or soltun)— «ed 
etiam. Vid. Onlt. 

ALONG, prep., secundum (with accuser 
thoe). Along the coast, prwiteronm: to saU 
along the coast, oram pruterrehi : to saU 
close along the shore, oram, terram legere. 
\l Along wit A, ima cum, or ciun orily. 
11 To go along with, rid. AccoacpANT. 
ALONG, adv.^ porro, proOnus (for- 
ward, on). To drive a herd along, ar- 
mentum porro agere. Qet along with 
you, abi I apfige tel amdve te hinc. || Alt 
along, semper, 4»^ Vid. Always. 

ALOOF, procul (ppposed to Jnxta, at 
some distance, btu miottly within sight: 
longe i» qf a greater distance, mostly out 

lied, foddere conjunfd cum aliqua j| = 
to be akin to, &c. Vid. Allisd. || Fio. 

ALLY, sodas : fcederatus. To be any 
body's aliy, fcsdere or societate et foodere 
jungi alicui ; socium alicui esse. To pro- 
cure allies, socios sibi adsciscere. 

ALMANAC, fasti; ephem^Uis: calen- 
darium {late, Inscr^, QruL, 133. J» 
Jurists a debt-book ; post-Augustan, Sen.). 

ALMIGUTINESS, omnipotentia (Ma- 
crob.) : * potentla omnibus in rebus max- 
ima. TheaknightinessofQodfpndpi^exi» 
Dei natura. 

ALMIGHTY, cojns nomini parent om- 
nia: rcrum omnium pr»p6tens (Cic); 
omnipdtons (poetic, Vtrg.). Qod is al- 
mighty, * nihil est, quod Deua efficere non 

ALMOND. (A) PBOPB. as fruit: 
amjgdila, amrgdAlum (wuh the shell): 
nadeus amygdiiss (the kemd). Am ae^ee- 
tioe, amygdalinus. (B) impkofb.=Co}|- 
sil, tonsUla. 

ALMOND-MILK, *lac amygdalinum. 

ALMOND-OIL, oleum amygdalinum; 
or oleum ex amygd&lis expressum. 

ALMOND-TAilT, *paidlidam amyg- 

ALMOND-TREE, amygdAlua; amyg- 

ALMONER, * qui est prindpi or regi 
(as the case may be) a largitionibus. 

ALMOST, prope, piene (almosL, nearly, 
but iMtt quite) : fere, ferme (wiUt omnes, 
Ac : prope, pesne, mahe a poeitive aeser- 
tion ; fere, ferme, decline doirtg this ; it 
beittg either enough for the speaker's pur- 
pose, or all that his knowledge aUows him 
to do, to slate that the assertion is at least 
approximately or generally true) : tantum 
non (n^vov ol, dAiyov iu: an dliptical 
form used by Livy and later writers, = 
'*only this ts wanting, that not,*' ^.)*' 
prop^nddum (what is not far removed 
from the right measure ; "■ cumost what it 
should 6e"). When, almost^," within 
a little," it may be translated by hand 
multum or non longe aluit, quin, &c. (nof 
at) ; prppe erat or factum est, ut, &c. : 
ptt>piur nihil fitctum est, quam ut, Sec I 
absiost believe, fum longe abest (^tot ab- 
sum) ouin credam : the ^fi wing wae al- 
most itfeated, prope erat ut nnistrum 
cornu peUeretur. 

ALMS, stips (OS a gift); bonefidum 
{as a good aeeth. To give alms, stipem 
spargere, largiri: to collect alms, stipem 
cogore, coUigere : to beg for alms, stipem i 

of sight). 11 To stand aloof from any 
thing, allqaia non attingere (e. g., negotLi, 
rempublicam. Sec) : ab aliquA re se re- 
mov6re or sevocare ; ab aliquA re rece- 
dere (all <Aree qf withdrawing from what 
01U has hitherto been engaged in). TV 
stand aloof from each of two parties, neu- 
tri pard nvere : from partiee generally, 
ab omni nartium studio alienum esse. 

ALOUD, dare : clarA voce (e. g., le- 
gere: vivA voce is undassical): magnA 
or sunmiA voce (with a very loud voice). 

ALPHABET, alpha et beta (e. g.. dis- 
jcere, to learn his At B, C, Juv. : alpha- 
b^tum, Ecd.) : literarum nomina et con- 
textus {the names and order of the letters : 
1 n. et contextum discere, Quint.) : uni- 
us et viffinti forms Utcrarum (the shapes 
of the ^ letters of the Roman al^iabet^ 
Cic) : lifeeranun ordo (PZin.). 

ALPHABETICAL, in Uteras digestos: 
* literarum ordine dispositas. An alpha- 
b^ical list of rivers, amnium in literaa di- 
gesta nomina (n6. S^). To eajdain any 
thing in alphabetical order, aliquid litera- 
rum ordine expKcare. 

ALPHABETICALLY, Uterarum onli- 
ne. To arrange any thing a^thabetically, 
aliquid in literas digerere. 

ALPINE, Alplnus. >l(pin« frifres. Alp!- 
ci (Nep., Hann?), Alplna» or Inalpbisa gen- 
tes : Inalpini (populi). 

ALPS, Alpes, ium. Living or situated 
at the foot of the AIpe, ^balplnus : on this 
side the Alps, dsalplnos : on ths other side 
the Alpe, transalplnus. 

ALREADY, jam: jam jam (stronger 
cAoi» jam). 

ALSO, etiam, qooque (qooque, whidi 



tUmoffoQaui» it» nxrrd, i» merdjf a eopu- 
tative partieley and can only render a 
single notion prominent: edam i* aug- 
mentative, it enhance» what ha» been 
•aid i it can aJteo rdate to-a whole eentenee). 
The pronoun idem i» tMed where deferent 
propertie» are attributed to the same tub- 
Ject or object. Musici quondam iidem 
poet» (were aUo poet») ; get ipse (when 
what i» asserted of the person or thmg in 
question i» at the same Ume a»»erted, by Un- 
plication^ of qther pereon» or things. 
Darius quum Tinci suoa videret. mori 
▼oluit et ipse, i. e^ a» well as they, or 
with them): item (m like wtanner; like- 
wise; just so: augur cum fratre item 
aug^ure : literaa — a patre vehemontes, ab 
amicis item): prteterea, ins&per (be- 
sides; moreover). i;^Nec uon in the 
prose of the Qolden Age connect» sentence» 
only, not noun». On the oeeasional use of 
et for ctiam (in Cic.), vid. Hand's Tub- 
8KLLINU8. \\And also, et ctiam, et 

Soque (generaUtf with a word between ; 
t ataue etiam should be used). 
ALTAR, ara (general term, whether 
made of »tone or cf earth, turf, &c.) : alta- 
rla. ium (a high altar: an ara, with an 
i^paratu» for burnt-offerings : alt&re, al- 
tariom, in singular, belong to a later 
ag»). A little altar, arQla : to build an al- 
iar, aram statuere (general term), deo fa- 
cere aram (to a deity). To dedicate an al- 
tar, aram dicare, consecrare (CTSic.). To 
swear before an altar, aram tcncntem ju- 
rare (the person vAo swore, touched the al- 
tar). To make any body swear before an 
altar, altaribus admdtum jurejurando adi- 
gerc aliquem. To flu to the altars, ad (in) 
aras confugere : to drag from the akars, 
•b ipsis axis detrahere : and slay, ab alta- 
ribus ad necem transfcrre. The sacra- 
ment of the altar, ♦ ccena Domini ; * ccena 
or mensa sacra ; eocharistia (EccL). Vid. 
ALTAR-CLOTH, *tcgracn altarium, 
ALTER, TaANS., mutare : commutM^ 
^aliquid in aliqui re, ofji thing that exists 
tndependenily, as a house, &a : de aliquft 
re, of what does not exist indq)endently, as 
manners, customs, dtc) : immutare (most- 
ly of an entire change) : submntare (qf a 
partial change) : novare (to give any thing 
« new shape) : emendare, corrigere (im- 
prove by an alteration ; emendare may be 
said of removing one or more errors, cor- 
rigere of making what was altogether bad 
good) : Tariare (to vary by changing ; e. 
g., fortunam, animos, &c) : invertero (to 
turn round : give a wrong turn to ; e, g., 
corrupt the character) : interpolare (to 
falsify any thing by altering iu appear- 
aace). To alter any thing written^ a speeA, 
iuc, oratioQim, &o., rescribere : a will, 
testamentum mutare (general terwi) : tos- 
tamentum resdndere (to cancel it ; of the 
testator: testamentum reeignare is, to 
open a wilt): to alter a line ofmarchy iter 
or Tiam flectere ; iter convertere : a plan, 
consilium mutare or commutare: on^» 
2(fe, manner qf life, morum institutorum- 
que mntationem facere (opposed to insti^ 
lata sua tenure) : ow^s custom, consuetu- 
dinem mutare : on^s diaposi^on, novum 
ribi induere ingenium (Lie, 3, 39) : on^s 
character, morum mutationcm or com- 
mutationem facere (general term) — mores 
emendare (for the better) ; mores inver- 
tero (for the worse) : what can still be al- 
tered, quod intiemim est: what i» done 
can not be altered, factum infectum fieri 
non potest (Tac). H To be altered. 
Vid. Altrb, mrra. 

ALTER, iNTR., mutari: commutari: 
fanmutari (8yn. in preceding word) : vari- 
«TO (to change badaoard an^ forward ; e»- 
pedally of the weather): convert! (to 
change round, iehether for better or for 
woree: qf fortune, plan», &^): to change 
(tf men, their character», &c.) : se inver- 
tere (for the worse) : in melius mutari, ad 
bonam frugem se recipere (for the better). 
vid., also, to alter the character, in Altkb, 
trans. Not to. alter, sibi constare^ a se 
non decederc. He has not altered, non 
alius est ac ftiit; est idem qui fuit sem- 
per: antiquum obtinet He is quite al- 
tared, commutatus est totus. You must 
Hgin to-day to be an altered man, hie dies 


aliam vitam deiSwt, alios mores poctolat 
( Ttr.). Men ars altered, homines alii facti 
sunt Times and opinions are altered, 
magna fkcta est rerum et animorum 
commntatio. Every thing is altered, ver- 
sa sunt omnia. Which can not now be al- 
tered, qnod non integrum est 

ALTERABLE, mutabilis, commutabiUs 
(unetable, changeable) : qui mutari, com- 
mutari, &C., potest 

ALTERATION, mutatio: oommutatio: 
immutatio : conversio (Stn. ». verb* un- 
der ALTsa, trane.y. varietas, vicissitude 
(the first more acdaentaL, the last regular). 
Alteration of the weather, cosli varietas : 
alterations of fortune^ fortunes vicissitu- 
dines. AlterrUion of opinion, mutatio sen- 
tentiffi : receptus sententisa (retraaation) : 
to malu an alteration, mutationem or 
commutationem alicujus rei facere [vid. 
Altbb, trans.] : to cause an alteration, 
commutationem alicui rd afferre : to «n- 
dergo or be subject to an alteration, muta- 
tionem habere : to plan or endeavor to tf- 
/ect oa o^ferotum, mutationem moliri An 
alteration of circumstance» i» taking place, 
commutatiio rerum accldit Alteration 
of color, mutatio colons : of plitn, con- 
silii : of the etate of thing», rerum con- 

ALTERCATION, altercado (a contest 
of word» with more or le»» of heat) : Jur- 
gium (an angry quarrel conducted with 
abusive words, when neither varty will list- 
en U) reason). To have an altereation with 
any body, altercari cum aliqno; verbis 
cum aliquo concertare; jurgio certare 
cum aliquo: to begin an altercation, al- 
tercari incipere (cum aliquo); causam 
jurpi inferre. I get into an altercation 
with any body, oritur mihi (de aliquA re) 
altercatio cum aliquo. A great pari of 
the day wa» taken up by an altercation m- 
tween Leraulu» and Oaniniu», dies magnA 
ex parte consumtos altercatione Lentuli 
ct Caninil Altercations took pl<tce in the 
eenate, altercationes In senatu tactsB ( Cic). 
No altercation ever took place with greater 
clamor», nulla altercatio clamoribus habits 
nujoribus (Cic). 

ALTERNATE, «., altemare (cum aU- 
quo) : altemare vices (Or.) : ahquid ali- 
quA re variare (e. g., otium latxHre ; labo- 
rem otio). 

ALTERNATE, a^}., altemus. Altern- 
ate act» ofkindne»», mutna officia: bene- 
fida nltro dtrooue data et accepta. || On 
alternate days, aitemis diebus. AUernate 
angle», *angQU sibi oppositL 

ALTERNATELY, altemis (ablative of 
the adjective : Varr., not Cic, one t^fler the 
other) : in vicem, per vices (whe n seve ral 
follow immediatdy after others) : tW* ^* 
cissim (in tnm ; on the other hand) does 
not belong here: and vicibus belongs to 
poetry and lat^prose : mutuo is " rwipro- 
cally," ^ mtaually." 

ALTERNATION, altematio (post-clas- 
sical) : vices (plural), vidssitudo : permu- 
tatio (change) : vjirietas. Altematums of 
fortune, fortunie vicissitudines, varietas : 
of the seasons, temporum Ticiseitudo, va- 
rietas : qf day and night, vicissitudines 
dierum, nocmimque; vicissitudines di- 
umse noctnmeeque (Cic). 

ALTERNATIVE. Thereis no word for 
it; but the notion may be expressed in 
variotu ways. ** Peeux or war is our only 
alternative,^' inter bellum et pacem nihU 
medium est (Cic). ** Either he must be 
punished by the etate, or we enelaved : there 
t» no other alternative," res in id discrTmen 
adducta est, utmm ille po^nas reipubUc» 
luat, an nos serviamus (Cic). TV» offer 
any body an alternative, * geminam con- 
didonem alicui proponcre. 

ALTHOUGH, esti (="etJ«n if," the 
concession made is here simply a supposi- 
tion : if considered as really existing, the 
indicative is used ; \f merely a» possible, 
the subjunctive) : etUunsi (a fuller and 
stronger ctsi = "yea, even if," ^' even if." 
Etiamsiam^etsi dtffer nearly as ** though" 
and "although"^ : tamen etsi or tametsi 
(gives prominence to the improbability 
Of the coexistence of the supposition and 
the asserted consequence : it is qften follow- 
ed by tamen, whteh has then the force of 
"yet nevertheU»^*) : quamquam (s: 


**kowever much" the napoaUian rssOy 
exiet» : the real existence oj the svpposUion 
being granted, it takes the indicative in th» 
best writers) : quamvis (**however much'* 
you, the person addressed, may possibly 
tmagine the concession to exist really: 
hence in Cic only with the subjunctive) : 
l^^ouamquam and quamvis can only 
oe usea unth ad/ectives, adverb», and verb», 
whou notion can be »uppo»ed to exist in a 
heightened degree ofinteneity: licet ( = 
"granted the thing be »0:" "let it b» 
»0, if you like:" allowing a supposition, 
the correctness of which the speaker doe» 
not in any degree maintain him- 
»elf, but allow» the per ton addressed to 
maintain if he pleases : it is an impersonal 
verb, and takes the subjunctive governed by 
ut omitted. It may occur in other tense» ; 
thu», detrabat auctori multum fortuna 
licebit: and Cic ha» quamvis licet •^> 
i?.,3,36; Tu»c4,^). Obs. ** Though" 
correcting or limitiiig a previou» state- 
ment, or adding to it some circumstance 
to be kept in view in the application of it, 
i» (|uamquam, less frequently ctsi ; the 
conjunction standing at the head of a sen- 
tence, which is then more than a mere sub- 
ordinate clause. Thus, confer te ad Man- 
lium : infer patri» bellum. Q u a m- 

Suam quid ego te invitem, &c.f (Cic). 
o, do, posnas tcmeritatis meee : etsi 
qufls Mr ilia temeritast (Cic). Quum 
(with subjunctive, properly denotes the co- 
existence qf two apparently inconsistent 
states, &c.). Ut has also the meaning of 
although rut desint vires, tamen est 
laudanda voluntas, Ov.), and ^ne of "aIt 
though—no f* (c. g., ne sit simmium 
malum dolor, malum certe est, Cic). 

ALTITUDE, altitude : excelsitas : sub- 
limitas (all three properly and figuratively) : 
proceritas (properly, " tallness," height tn 
referenu to growth. Vid. 8ys. in High) : 
elatio (figuratively, elevation ; e. g., animi). 
II Altitude of a mountain, altitudo or ex- 
celsitas montis; or, if the highest point 
i» meant, fastidum. 

ALTOGETHER, \\ completely, &C., 
■pronua(oppo»edto "in »ome degree," or 
" almost ;" quite, without exception) : om- 
nino(oppo«eatomafndexparte,&c.: com- 

£letely, quite ; al»o "altogether"=inone 
* [e. g., venderel, qppo»sd to scparatim, 
Plin.) : plane (quttt : opposed to pwne : e. 
g., plane par : vix — vel plane nuUo modo, 
Cic) : in or per omnes partes : per omnia 
(in every rmpecC) : penitus (through and 
through; thorough^ ; quite; e. g., amit- 
tere, perspioere, cognossc, &c., opposed to 
magnd ex parte, and to " superficially") : 
fundltus (from the foundations ; uuerly : 
especially wUh verbs ofptrishing, deetroy- 
ing, overthrowing, defeating, rt^eaing, de- 
priving). Altogether or in great measure, 
omnino aut magnA ex parte. With refer- 
ence to aperaon, altogether may be tran»- 
lated by the adjective totus. '* He i» alto- 
gether made up offaleehood and deceit," 
totus ex fraude et mendacio factus est 
|| = a/< together; cuncti (all collected 
together: opposed to dispersi): universi 
(all taken together, wherever they may 
chance to be : opposed to singuli). || In 
all, onmino (e. g., onmino ad ducentos, 
Cic) : sometimes in sununA (Drusus erat 
— absoltttus; in summA quatuor senten- 
tas, Cic). 

ALUM, ftlQmen. Containing or in$- 
pregnated with alum, aluminatus, alu- 
rainosus. One engaged in procuring or 
preparing alma, aluminaiius (Inscr.). 
Alum-water, aqua aluminata. 
ALUMINOUS, aluminatus: aluminosns. 
ALWAYS, semper (opposed to nun- 
quam) : usque (always, wuhin a definite 
amit : semper represents time as a space; 
usque as a continuing line: semper^ 
omni tempore : usque = nullo tempore 
intermisso ; continenter) : perpetuo (q/* 
uninterrupted continuance to the end of a 
space, of time). || With superlatives al- 
ways is translated by quisque : " the beet 
things are always the rarest," optimum 
quidque rarissimum est || Sometimes al- 
ways is used ht/perboUcally for ** nearly 
always," ** moMly :" it may then be trans- 
lated by plerumque, or bf a periphrasi» 
with toldre. He alway» arrive» too latt, 

▲ MBB 

^ammqiM tero Tenit I ahottif» take m 
wmik at tki* liy, hoc tempore ambalara 
■okm. But |lj^lJU«may«0flM(Mic*fr«aB- 
preMttd bf tk0 na^>U premnt or «npaieet ; 
e. g^ post dbum meridianiim — p«uUuper 
ointqaieaoebftt : to he aiwajf» mt a plmee, fre- 
quentcm e«e aUquo loco ; aanduiun eras 
aUqao kico or circa locum. 

AM. VidBc 

AMAIN, vehementer; vslde; graritor; 
acriter; acerbe; cootsnte. 

AMALGAMATE. Thentare$tvetUare 
tempermre, miacere, commiacera (ali- 

.UIALGAMATION. Tkenearettnomu 
an mixtio ( VkrX commixtio (Got.). 

AMANUENSIS, amanuenris (silver 
Jlgt) : a mano (sc. oervus) : Ubranus (a 
eofiBr of book» : but also one emploiftd in 
outer land» of writing: a aecrtfory, dcc.^ : 
acriba (oae toko hold the office of»eribe, 
mkeUker m» •pubUc ofieer, or in the eervioe 
ofuprimoi) : ab epiatoUa (bc ■enrtts: tk» 
aiaee to wkom tke wuuter dictated hi» let- 
ttn). To be aetjf bod^» amanuentie^ alicui 
a manu eaoe ; alicui ab epiatoUa eaaei, 

AMARANTH, amarantuo. 

AMARITUDE, amaritndo. 

AMASS, acervare : concervare (tomake 
m heap of oay tkin^; to heap togeUur) : 
agserare, exasgerare {to heap up hi^k^ 
port-AugnuoM in pro»e) : cumulara, ac- 
enmulare {the fau to heap Mp to the fidl 
mtature; to heap w muck: the latter ^ to 
keep adding to a heap; ctmuilare aUo 
trop., to go on inareaoing any thing) : 
ooflftre (to imerea»^: addere aUquid all- 
cu rei (Co add »ometking to onf thing). 
TW «mow trea»ure»t opes exaggerare. 

AMASS, «w aecnmulatio : coacarvatia 

AMATORY, amatoriua. 

AMAUROSIS, * amaurteia (a^0ciA/i«y 

AMAZl^ in ataporem dare; akatape- 
fceere ; alicnjoa aaentpm animumque 
pertuftara; inpertarbatloiiemeoi\jicero; 
eoutemare; percutere (not percellere). 
fi To BR AMAXKn, obstupesoore, and the 
paeeioe of tke verb» above : stnpftre ; aU- 
oijaa Mtrfmum fltupor tmet. To be oore 
emazed at oajf things aliquA re exani< 
xutumewe. tl:^^' ^' attoniehed at. 
Yid. AsToicisix. 

AMAZE, «. Vid. Amazkkkkt. 

AMAZEDLY, *stnpentis in modom: 
«r bfparti^ple» o/'pertiarbare, &4^ 

AMAZED, stupena, obstupefiM^us : ad- 
Birant : admiratoa (aetoniehed al). 


AMAZEMENT, stupor: admintio (oa- 
tniekment, wonder^. To JiU with omaza- 
menL vid. Amazx, verb. 

AMAZING, stupendua : admirabUia (oa- 
tomiJthigf a. e., audacia): minis, per- 
miraa (toomderfiU): ingenSf immanis (un- 
amse) : jmmanea pecume (a» ama^mg 

AMAZDKH^Y, stupendum in modum: 
vaUe: rebementcr. 

AMAZON, Anmoo, plural Amaztees : 
nmu, moUarorYirgo bcllicoaa, animoaa, 
foflis, ice 

AMAZONIAN, Amazonlcua : poetical- 
^ Amasonias. 

AMBAGES, amb&ges (01^ in ablative 
tbtgular; plural oo^dete, CfeU. run). 

AMBAGIOUS, ambagioiraa (QelL). 

AMBASSADOR, legatna. Ambae»ador 
to treat for apeaee^ orator pacia or pads 
Mb»da (T. die, De Rep., % 8; Lio., 36, 
27) : * legatoa pacificatum or ad pacill- 
CMidnm miasoa (cff. Lio.^ 5, 33; 7, 40). 
To be an ambaeoador^ legatom esse; lega- 
tioaem gerore, adminiwtrare ; legatione 
(kngi: to tend ambaeoador», le^atos mit- 
lere ; al»o mittere onbf, with <nu.(and eub- 
iunetiv^ : to tend amlfaoeaaore to aay 
M^, legates ad aUquem mittere: «ty 
My a» etabaeoador to any body, aUquem 
kgatum mittere. or aliquem legare ad ali- 
^aem (de aliquA re, if the purpoee i» ex- 

AMBASSADRESS, qn» missa est: orft- 
trix : uxor legsti (if ambaeeador's wife ie 

AMBASSAGE, >legntio. Vid. Embas- 


AMBER, suednam: eleetrnm (the for- 
•or tkeLatim namuf the latter borrowed 


fhnm the Oroek: g^esum «as Ha name 
aaumg the Oerwtan». Dikhey, Tac^ Oerm.y 
45,6). Aeadjectivej sucdneua. 

AMBERGRIS, AmbAram, Ambn(Krafi 
mU Forbiger). 

AMBER-SEED, ) * am6mum granum 

AMBER-TREE, $ Paradisi (Linn.). 

AMBIDEXTER, equimftnus (Aueon., 
Beda, Ortk, 2329, Plin.). The Greek <}(i- 
fidiiioi, xtPt6f\ioit «K^f M he used in famil- 
iar etyk. Thu»(Jigvrativdif'): **Qt plane 
HomerlcA ^>pellaHone wtpioiliow, id<«st 
asquimftnum te pronuntiem," Sym- 
Modk., Ep., 9, 101 (110) : dexter, vafer. Sec. 
HOiven to double-dealing, homo bi- 
nnguis (double-tongued) : temporum mul- 
tormn homo (Curt., 5, 3. 4 : a temporizer ; 
time-eerv») : proraricator (ae a lawyer). 

AMBIDEXTERITY, ntpticitdmi, ut 
Gnsco verbo utar: raftities, &c. || Shuf- 
fling conduct, pr»varicatio (of a law- 

AMBIDEXTROUS. Vid. Abibidcx- 


AMBIENT, qui dngit, drcumfunditur. 
&c The aatbient air, circumfilstts nobis 

AMBIGU. fkrrigo. 

AMBIGUITY, ambignitas (general term, 
Terbontm, &e.j : amphiboUa (iit^tSoXtu, 
in fk*0Tic). A playfiu or ironical ambi- 
gutty, snspido ridiculi absc<mdita (Cic, 
De Or., 2, 5», 278). 

AMBIGUOUS, amUguus (e. g., answer, 
responsum, that admit» of two or more in- 
terpretation» : word», verba ; and no. = 
not to be (r«st«ii;ibfleoium, fides, &c.): 
anceps (propoeition having two head»: 
hence wavetin^ between two direction* j 
«Aitt Aoaa double or doubtful »en»e: orac- 
uium, responsum) : dublus (doubtful, in- 
d»lerminau\ Jn. dabius et quasi duplex 
(a g., word», verba): flexildqnus (tpeak- 
ing what admit» tytwo meaning»). Jn. 
flcxiloquus et obscurus (e. g., oroc^ orac- 
ulum, Cic, De Div., 2. 56, 115). An am- 
biguou» dedaration, ex ambiguo dictum : 
a man of ambiguou» character, homo am- 
bigui ingenii, amblgn& fide. To return an 
ambiguou» annoer, ambigue respond£re; 
nihil certi respondSre. 

AMBIGUOUSLY, ambiguoi JH^wUh 
ambiguou» faith, ambiguA fide. 

AMBIT, ambitus (Os). 

AMBITION, ambltio : studium laudis : 
stndium cupidltasque honorum: cupido 
honoris or famte : aviditas or avaritia 
riorin : eeetus qnidam glorisa : sitis famn 
(t). Sonuttine» from the (3ontext,g\oTieL only 
moM do, alioujus gloritt iavfire (Cic). To 
be impelUd by aimiti on, glorlA dud: to be 
po»»Med,e»ikraUed,&c.,bv ambition, »300- 
bitione tencri : to bum with ambitiojt, am- 
bitione accensum esse or fia^are. He 
allowed himeelfto be hurried away by hi» 
ambition, eum absorbult eestos qufdam 
glori»; or quasi quidam «estus ^riss 
abriputt, atque in altum abstnudt 

AMBITIOUS, ambitiosus: avidus gloriie 
or laudis : cupidus honorum : laudis et 
hfjnoris cupidus : appetens gloriee : sitiens 
fiunn (t). T^ be mnbitious, laudis studio 
trahi: ^oriA ducL To he ambitiou» of 
any thing, alicujus rei desiderio incen- 
sum esse or flagrare: aliquid ardenter 

AMBITIOUSLY, ambitiose (e.g., petere 
aHquid). * 


AMBLE, v., tolatim incedere (Varr. 
ap. Non., 4, 13 : tolutim incursus carpere, 
Plin., 8, 42, 67, is a mere conjecture). An 
ambling haree or nag, equus tolutarius 
(Sen., l^f., 87, 9) : eqnuS gradarius (Lueil. 
ap. Non.) : equus, cut non vulgaris in 
cursu gradus, sed mollis altemo crurum 
expJteatu glomeratio (Plin., 8r 42, 67, 

AMBLE, »., ambulatura (=** gradus 
min&tus et crcber et qui scdentem delec- 
tet et erigat," yeget., 6, 6, 6, Sac) : gradus 
tolutiUs (Farr. ap. Non., 17, 26): mol- 
lis altemo crumra explioatu glomeratio 
(Plin., 8, 42, 67, end) : incessus gradarius 
(Krafi and Forhiger). 

AMBLER. Vid. ** Ambling horttT in 


AMBLINGLY, tolatim. 

AMBROSIA, ambrOsia. \\Name of a 


plant, ambroaia. Chenopodium Botryi 
(Linn,). According to other», the dnHpooia 
of Dioeeoridea i» Artemisia arboreec«ns. 

AMBROSIAL, ambroeius (t) ; ambn> 
siacus (Plin.). 

AMBRY, armaiiom (ciqpboard or do»(3t) : 
armarium promptnarium (Goto). 

AMBS-ACE perhap* venae. To throw 
ambe-ace, venerem jaci're. 

AMBULATION, ambulatio. 

AMBULATORY, ambulatoritu (mov- 
able : of machine», Sec. ; e. g., turres : al»o 
that eerve for walking on : porticus am- 
bulatoria, Ulp.Dig). 

AM BURY, vomica. 

AMBUSCADE. Vid. Ambush. 

AMBUSH, insidin (hotk the place and 
the men) : locus insidiarum (the place) : 
lat6brs (lurking-place ; e. g., of a murder- 
er): to lay an tMush, insicuaa locarc, col- 
locare, ponere: inaidias disponcrc (if» 
different place» ; e. g., silvestnbus locis) : 
to place or post men in ambush, in insidUs 
locare, collocarc: In insidiis disponcre (if 
in different places) : to lie in ambush, in in- 
sidiis esse or subustere : to rise, Stc., from 
omfs ambush, ex insidiis consurecre ; ex 
insidiis or latdbris exsilLro : to draw into 
an ambush, aliquem in insidias trahere or 
perduccrc ; aliquem in insidias inducero: 
tofaU into an ambush, tn insidias incidero ; 
insidias intrare ; insidiis drcumvcniri 

AMBUHHED. in insidiis collocatus, &c 

AMBUSHMENT. Vid. Ambush. 

AM BUST, ambustus. 

AMBUSTION, ambttstio (Plin.). 

AMEL. Vid. Enamel. 

AMELIORATE, mcKus facere aliquid. 

AMELIORATION, cxcl. by melius fa- 

AMEN t ita flat I ratum csto ! *dixi (at 
the end of a speech) : Amen (as technical 
term, " Et responsuris ferit a6ra vocibus 
amen," Auson., J^h, in Orat., end, Pru- 

AMENABLE, cui ratio reddenda est; 
qui aliquid praistare debet: to a law, lege 
aliquA teneri ; legem aliquam conservare 
deb^re ; legi nticui parere, ^^, dcbdre : 
to the authority, rule, &c, of any body, sub 
alicujas jus et jurisdictionem subjunctua 
(Cic, Hull., 2, 36, 98). 

AMEND, TRANS., melius facere or effi- 
oere (to make better) : corrigere (to correct 
or improve a whole that is defective, «^ 
right. Sic) : omendare (to free any thing 
fromfauUs). Jn. corrigere ct emendare ; 
emendare ct corrigere. T\i amend on^s 
ways, mores corrigere or emendare. In- 
trans., II to ^rot0 better in healthy 
meliorem fieri ; ex morbo convalcscera ; 
ex incommodA valctudine emcrgero. / 
am beginning to amend, meliusculo est 
mihL II To improve: cf fortune, &c 
^* My fortune amends" (Sid.), mew rcs sunt 
meliore loco. || With respect to morals, 
mores 8UO8 mutare ; in viam redire ; ad 
virtutem redire or revocari; ad bonam 
fi'Uffem se rocipcre. 

AMENDE (Frqtch), multa or mnlcta. 
VUL Amcnds. 

AMENDMENT, || corr«ctt'on. correc- 
tio : cmendatio. Jn. corrcctlo et emen- 
datio (BrN. in Amcnd, trans.). || Im- 
provement inasickperson's health, 
convalcscentia (Symm.) : a considerable 
amendment has taken place, incUnata jam 
in melius wgri valetudo est ; aagrotus con- 
valcsdt \\0f circumstances, *melior 
reram conditio. || Of morale, mores 
emendatiorea : vita emendatior (Ulp. 

AMENDER, corrector : emondator. 
Jn. corrector et emendator (Syn. fn 
Amend, trans.). 

AMENDS, compensatio : satisfactio 
(what satisjies an injured person) : cxpin- 
tlo (atonement for a crime i sceleris, rupti 
fosderis. Sec.). To make amends for any 
thing, aliquid compcnsare : satisfacero 
alicui (to give any kodff satisfaction) : ox- 
piare aliqxild (of making amends for a 
crime : by any iking, allquA re. Also, ex- 
piare aliquem aliquA re) : to any body bu 
any thing, aliquid aliciu compen«are aU- 
quA re : /or an injury suffered or loss aus- 
utined, alicui damnum restitucre, damnum 

EnestHre : to make ont^s »df amends for a 
}»» sustained, dimmum or detrimentom 



Bardre or reaarcire; damnum oompen* 
Bare (a]iqu& ro). To accept amends for 
any tkiit^, satufactionem accipere pro 
aliqu& re. To geek amends, res repetere 
(not only of the Ftiialis, or Roman officer 
who demanded re^Uution from a state, but 
also of a purchaser of damaged goods, 
&c., claiming his money back). \\ Recom- 
pense. Via. Rewakd. 

AMENITY, amcenitaa (hortomm, flu- 
minis, orarum et litorum, ict.). 

AMERCE, multare {in ans thing, all- 
qud re) : multam imponere (m aliquem). 
To be amerced^ pecuoid multari. JUDs- 
prive, rob, privare, spoliare, &c. ! 

AMERCER, qui multam impouit. 
AMERCEMENl*. multa: lid «atimata 
(the damages fxed according to an estima- ' 
tion of the ityitry). I 

AMEd-ACE. Vid. Ambb-ack. ' 

AMETHYST, amethystus,/. J 

AMETHYSTINE, amethystlnus. 
AMIABILITY, amabilitas (PlauL and 
late vfriters) : auavitas (sweetness) : veniis- 
tas (loftiness, attractioeness) : of disposi- 
tion, morum suavitas. 

AMIABLE, amabilis : amandus : amore 
dignus: dignusquiametur: Buavia, dulcis 
(sweet): venustua (lovely). An amiable 
character, mores aniabiles. Nothing can 
be more amiable than this man, nihil est 
hoc homine dignius, quod ametur. 
AMIABLENESS. Vid. Amiability. 
AMIABLY, suaviter, blande : amabili- I 
ter (= affectionately) has an active sense 
(e. g., amabiliteir cogitare in aJiquem, i 

AMICABLE, amicus: benovdlua: be- 
mgnus, &c. Vid. Fbiemdly. 

AMICABLY, amice : benevolo : aman* 
ter: familiariter. To Uve amicably with 
any body, amice cum aliquo rirere ; fa- 
miliariter uti aliquo i to converse amicably 
wUh any body, amice, femiliariter l^qui 
cum aliquo. 

AMICE, amictus (£ec2. Vid. Du CSa^^s 

in Johnson's Diet.). 

AMID, ? inter. Amid the tumult, in- 

AM IDST, > ter tumultum. Also by in 

with the a^ective medius : in medid ali- 


AMISS, adv., perverse : peri>Sram (op- 
posed to recte) : prave. domeiimes secus 
(L e., otherwise than the thing should be, 
than was expected, Sec.). Toiudge or de- 
termine avAss, perperam judicare or sto- 
tuere ; prave Judicare. To do amiss, pec- 
care, delinquere ; delictum admittero or 
committere: labi, errare [vid. Sin, v.1. 
It would not be amiss if you were to speak 
with Balbus on this subject, de quo nihil 
Docuerit, si cum Balbo locutus eris. / 
thought it would not be amiss to relate, 
hand ab re duxi, referre, &£. : or by ccn- 
B6ro only,followed by subjunctive (with or 
without ut) or by accusative with infinitive. 
Any thing turns ota amiss, res secus cadit ; 
res minus prospere or non ex sentcntid 
cadiL To take any thing amiss, aliquid 
perperam interpretari (to put a bad con- 
struction on it) : aliquid in malam ^rtem 
accipere (to take anf thing ill, m bad 
pari). I take it mntss, that. See, wgre 
Ibro, with accusative and infinitive. To 
be somewhat eaniss leviter egrotare : levi 
motiuDcdld tentari (SueL). 
AMITY. Vid. Fkiendship. 
AMMONIAC; sal ammoniAcus. 
AMMUNITION, instrumentum et ap- 
paratus belli : arma, tela, cetera qneo ad 
Dellum gerendum pertinent (ajler Cic, 
PhU., 11, 12, 30). 


AMNESTY, venia pra»teritorum : im- 
punitas : fides publics (these three mostly 
of amnesty granted to indimdutUs or a 
tnutU number) : oblivio with or witJumt re- 
rum ante actarum or preeteritarum : ob- 
livio, quam Athenienses auvtiorivtv vocant 
(Vol. Max.) : Iex« ne quls ante actarum 
rerum accusctur, neve multetur (Nep., 
act of amnesty passed) : pactum aix)litionis 
(Qutnt.). Jn. venia et oblivio ; vepia et 
impuuitas ; venia et ineolumitas. To pro- 
claim a general amnesty, omnium facto- 
tum dictorumque veniam et oblivionem 
in perpetuum sancire. In the hopes of an 
amnesty, spe abolltioniB (Quint). Pua. 


veniam et impunitatem alioni dare ; im- 
punitatem largiri. To bind all parties to 
an amnesty, omnes jurejurando astringere 
discordiarum oblivionem fore. To pray 
for an amnesty, veniam praoteritorum 

AMNICOLIST, amnicSla (Op.). 

AMNIGENOUS, amnigdnus (Fal: 

AMOMUM, amdmum. 

AMONG, } inter. Someitmesia^npnd. 

AMONGST, > To be redtoiUd among 
good men, in bonis viris haben. To reck- 
on among good things, in bonU ntimerare. 
Apud is used of actions, &c., doTu among 
certain persons; e. g., tantopere apud 
nostras justitia culta est, ut, &c., Cic.: 
hesc apud majores nostros factitata, Cic 

a From among, e, ex (e. g., ex cunctis 

AMORIST, amator: amator mjilierum. 
V^That amator is often = amator mu- 
acrum (one who must always be in love 
with somebody) is proved by Tusc, 4, 12; 
22 ; Hor., Ep., 1, 1, 38. 

AMOROSO. Yid. next word. 

AMOROUS, amans (really in love with) : 
amore captus or incensus : venercus : 
libidinosus (in bad sense) : amatorius (re- 
lating to love : (^things ; e. g., voluptas, 
poi^is, &c.). To have an amorous look, 
*vu]tu or oculis amorem prodere or £a- 

AMOROUSLY, amatorie (e. g., ama- 
torie Bcribere). 

AMOROUSNESS, amor (in good 
sense) : amor venercus : libido ; venus 
(in bad sense : of lustful passion). 

AMORT, tristis, nuDstus, &c Vid. Sad, 

AMORTIZATION, > Nothing nearer 

A^IORTIZEMENT. i cAa» dienatio : 

AMORTIZE, iki perpetuum alicnare 

AMOVE. Vid. Remove. 

AMOUNT (v.), effioere, also esse : ex- 
plore. What does the whole amount to? 
quee stmima est? quantum est? TO 
amount to a great sum, longam summam 
efflcere or conficcre. TTie whole number 
amounted to more than 80,000 men, omnis 
numerus explebat ami^ius octoginta mil- 
Ua (yell). To what does this amount f id 
autem quantOhim est f (the amount being 
smalt). To ainount to any thing (= to 
have it for its result), eo or hue redire 
(Ter., Ac.) : hunc adeo exitum habere 
(have no other result than this: of actions, 
&€.). The evil at ioorst can on^f amount 
to a divorce, incommoditas hue onmis 
redit, sieveniat discessio (Ter., Andr., 3, 
3» 35). Any thing amounts but to this, 
that,^ &C., perhaps aliquid non ferme 
longius prozreditur, ^uam ut, &.c. It 
amounts to the soms thing, idem est : par 
est (Cic pro Muren., 19, 41). It amounts 
to the same thing, whether — or, nihil in- 
terest, utrum — an. The whole argument 
of his letter amounts to this, summa epis- 
tol» h»c est What he said amounted to 
this, exitus fuit orationis (Cos., B. O., i, 
6, HenogX 

I AMOUNT, «., summa. T^wholeemount, 
soUdum: an insignificant amount, minaXa 
summa or summula. I| Abstract of a 
whole, summa, caput Vid. Suae. 

AMOUR, res amatoria. i^moitrs, amores. 
To have an amour, amori operam dare 
(Ter., Heaut., 1,1,SS): to pursue amours, 
amores aectari. 

AMPHIBIOUS, cui aquam terramque 
incoleudi gemiim nature est (Flor.). An 
amj^ibious aninuU, beetia quasi anccpa, 
in ufraque sede vivens (CHc, N. D., 1, 37, 
103) : (uiimal, cui aquam terramque in- 
colendi gemina natura est (Flor., 1, 3, 6) : 
animal, cujus et in terrd et in humore 
vita (Plin., 8, 31, 48). \\:simongrel, 



AMPHIBOLOUS, amphiWhis (CopeO) 

AMl^UIBRACU, amphibr&cbys (G 

AMPHIMACER, amphimdcrus (or 

AMPHISBjGNA, amphisbeena (Lucan, 

AMPHITHEATRE, amphithe&trum 
(Suet., PUn., Tac, properly and figurative- 
ly) : to present somewhat of the appearance 



AMPHIBOLOGY, amphibdlla, Ctc(am- 
' phibologia, Charis., Isia.). 

' ^ In such a sentence as is given in John- 
son : " the errors of aged men amount but 
' to this, that mors migia haos been done, or 
i sooner." 

of an cunphitheatrt, velut amphitheaM 
or theatri efficere spedem (SaL, Bin, B, 
Afr., 37). 

AMPHITHEATRICAL, amphitfaeatrip 

AMPLE, amicus : laxus (not narrow ; , 
roomy) : spatiosus (roomy, spacious) : ca- 
pax (able to hold much). OJlen by satis; 
e. g., ample reason, satis causes : also gravis 
causa. An ampk garrison, abunde mag- 
num prssidium. IJjLJ&era/, &c., benig* 
nus. WFull (as in "an ample narra- 
tfiw"),.copiosns, verbosuB: longus. Vid. 

AMPLENESS, ampUtudo : laxitas : ca- 
AMPLIATE, ampliar«. 
AMPLIATION, amplificatio (amplia- 
tio is ** adjournment f* but in TertulLsz 
AMPLIFICATE, amplificare. 
AMPLIFICATION, amplificatio (=** en- 
largement," and also as technical term of 
rhetoric, exaggerating r^esentation). 

AMPLIFIER, amplificator, Cic (fern. 

AMPLIFY, amplificare (=3 '* enlarge," 
and also ** set off by rhetorical exaggera- 
tion"). Also dilatare (alic^jus imperiuni, 
gloriam) : propagare or proferre (aliquid, 
fines alicuJus rei, dec.) : aug6re : multipli- 
care. Via. Entaegb, Incrxabr. || Bx- 
ftggerate rhetorically, amplificare : 
verbis exaggerare : multlplicare verbis 
^represent as more numerous than they 
really are; eg., copias) : verbis augere: 
in m^us (verbis) extoUere: in fusum 
augere (Tac). 
AMPLITUDE. Vid. Amplenebb. 
AMPLY, ample : oopiose: large : aatiB : 

AMPUTATE, amputare (membra, Cic). 
Vid. Cut off. 

AMPUTATION, amputatio (not found, 
I believe, of limbs ; but as amputare is, it 
may prt^wbly be used: desectio, resectio 
ewe general terms). 

AMULET, amuldtum : phylacterium 
(Silver Age, and lots). 

AMUSE, oblectare (to supply a pleasant 
occupation ; to amuse, whether by things or 
woras): delectare (to ddigkt). To amuse 
ones self with any thing, so delectare ali- 
qud re : delectari aUqud re (e. g., libris) : 
se oblectare aliqud re (e. s., luSa). The 
play amuses the people (mbula oblectat 
populum). To be amused, oblectari aU- 
qud re : oblectari et duci aliqud re : de- 
lectationc alicujus rei duci: voluptatem 
ex aliqud re capere, percipere, nabero. 
\\Draw a man on (wuh hopes, promises, 
&c.), cxtrahere aliquem (v. Liv., S3, and 
31) : aUqucm variis firustrationibus dif- 
ferro, or variis dilationibiis frustrare ; ali- 
quem per frustrationem diiferre : aliquem 
eludere atque extrahere : lactare aliquoa 
et spe falsa producere (Ter.). 

AMUSEMENT, oblcctatio (amusement: 
a relative pleasure) : deloctatio (delight : 
a positive pleasur€). For the sake or pur- 
pose of amusement, delectationis causd, 
animi causd, voluptatis causd; aoimi vo- 
Inptntiaque causd. 7\> indulge in some re- 
Uttation and amusement, se jucunditati 
dare et animum relaxare. To lighten 
toil, labor, &c., by intervals of amusement, 
studia voluptatibiw condire. To find 
amusement in any thing, delectari, oblec- 
tari aliqud re; alit^ud re oblectari et duci ; 
delectatione alicujus rei duci. \\ Amuse- 
ment as thing, oblectamentum : deleo- 
tamentum (Ter., Cic). 
AN. Vid. A. 

ANABAPTISM, * anabaptismus (dva- 
ANABAPTIST, «anabaptlste (Avaeaif 

ANACHRONISM, * peccatum in teni- 
poris ratione. To be gwHty of an amaek- 


fvnuBN, * a TerA temporii mtlone aber* 

tare : * non serrure onUnem temporum. 

ANAGRAM, * uagramma, «tU (drrf- 

ANALECTA, * uwlecta (plwaC). 

ANALOGICAL, analogfcos iOHL). 

ANALOGOUS, mnaldgoa {VarT.) : dml. 
b (Kfcc, geHenUi^). 

ANALOGY, uwloxia : proportk) ( Vttrr^ 
Ck.) : stmOitQdo (tflmess, gtneruUf). 

ANALYSIS, expbcatio; expUcatio et 
cnodatio ; ezpodtio : « ckewticsl mifbftU, 
*attal^ms cbemiem. To make $uek «m 
mmaljfi*^ *ad priocipia redae«re ; * in el- 
•menu reducere. 

ANALYZE, expUcsre ; explicare eC eBo> 
dare; qoaai in membra diacerpere. In 
gr nmmtr , to amahfu word»^ * notaro ain- 
gvla rerba ; * syOabaa reaolTere. ' 

ANAPJEST, anapfflatOB. 

ANAPHORA, anapfa6ra(I>»Mt.,C»«rtiL, 

ANARCHICAL. An anarehioal ttmu, 
*ciTltaa in qnA libido multitudinis pro 
leaboa eat ; reapoblica qa» moltitudniia 
arbitrlo asitator (^ttr 8aL, Jmg.y 41, 3). 

ANARCHY, * effrenata mulStodinia U- 
eentia ; * Icsea aolat». 

ANATH^CA, anathema, aUs iEocL, 
AujpttL) : exeommanicntio (EeeL) : aac- 
rifidorun interdictio. T^jfronounee an 
Mntt h t m a agoint amf bodm^ aliquem an- 
athematizare, excommunicata (£eo/.) : 
aliquem aacrifibiia interdicere ^rid. Om., 
B.0^6, IS) : mUo de^ovdre aliqaem (to 
pronomnce a formal eurman any aodtf : op- 
p09^ to TOMfcrare. Aqnn et igni« inter- 
dictio can onbf ht applied to that kind of 
Moman bamiokment.) 

ANATHEMATIZE. Vid. "lo pro- 
nounce an anatkemef* under Anatu* 

ANATOCISM, anatociamiu (CVc, <ba* 

ANATOMICAL, aaatomicaa (^ote). Tke 
mnoutmieml oekool, tfaeatnim w^atn'rrimm 
(a» buOdin^. 

ANATOMIST, anatoraiexis (teM) ; * oor- 
pomm sector. 

ANATOMIZE, incldere corpns mortal, 
Chtaqoe Tiacera etintestina acmtari ((>{«., 
W*f) ; readndere artiu cadavfiris (Sen.) ; 
fa s ee a re aperireqoe humana corpora (of 
an ana t o mi g t ^ OeiL). 

ANATOMY, aecdo corporom (da ae- 
thn): motanoXn, or anatomica, anatomlce 
(QtL, MaerokX 

ANCESTOR, generia or gentis anctor 
(tke fonnder of a raee or jamiUf) : nnua 
mOvum (one of on^a ance$tor$) : ama 
Igrmndjktker : poeticaU(f, fortfiOker). 
iAnetetore, majorea: priorea: patrea: 
fenrria or gentia aactorea (cf tke found' 
treeftk» raee orfamUf). 

ANCESTRAL, aTltoa ; proavftua. ^n- 
OiCraJ iHde, natoralla nobiktatiB anperbia : 
patricu apintua. 

ANCESTRY, ortoa: genua: attrpa. Of 
nohU aneettry, nobili genere natos ; no> 
Uli, hand obacnro loco natue (poetieaUjf. 
aplendkUa natnHboa ortna). Tke pride of 
ancatrf. TvL Asczbtkal.. 

ANCHOR, anedra (poetioaOu, atto na. 
of a aMM-aCoy, ice) : ora (im cable by 
tdkiek a akip wa» fastened to tke okoreY 
TO eaet ttnekor^ ancoram jac^re. The 
antkor koide, takes kold, ancora aubalttit 
or ridit To He or ride at anchor, conais- 
tere in ancoria or ad ancoraa : atare in 
aoeoris (Lie.) : navcm in ancoria tenure, 
or in atatione habire (of a pilot or erne : 
ef wkem woe also eaidy in ancoria com- 
morari or exapectare ; tke loot vitk dam). 
To weigk andwr, ancoram or ancoraa 
toOere (ai^ttv rii iyKipai) ; oram aolvcre 
(to ancoraa aolrere, Cic, ^. JV., 1, 13, t« 
vnuewal: ancoraa rellere occitra in a 
doubtful parage, Lkf., 22); aolvere a 
tari, or aolvere only (na^em under- 
mood: like 'kifuv), || Fio. to anekor on 
any tking, captare, appetere, eoncopia- 
cere aliaaid. 

ANCHOR, e^ nrrmAKS., conatitaere na- 
Tem : conaiatere in ancdria or ad anc6raa 
(fi) Hear ride at anekor^. Vid. tke pre- 
ceding word, Teaivs., narem deHgare 
ad anoSraa : a /aac, daaaem aapprimere 


CHOBrHOLD, WW. sstocnrityt 


•ncdra (poetieaUy^ Fafaina ancora ultima 
erat feariii, Sil, ItaL) : apaa (kop^. 

ANCHORAGE, * fondua obi ancdra ai- 
derepotaat: « ^ood onfAori^v, * egregioa 
ad tenendaa ancoraa fundua or locua : lo- 
cna conaiafiendi ; atado (place vkere ekipe 
are anekored). t| Money paid for an- 
ekoring, * veetigal ancorile. 
ANCHORET, )homo aoUtariua: ere- 
ANCHORITE, $ mita : anaohor«ta. 
To lead tketifhefan aadhorat, Titam aoli- 
tariam ai^re. 

ANCHOVY, * clapea encraaicjdna 
(JJn.). Snrdnwaeakindoftunny. \\An- 
ekovy aalad, ioetarium eacraaicolI>> 

ANCIENT, Tetaa (oppooed to noma: 
wkat kae edeted far a long time, wketker 
u)e Ore speaking in praise or blame) : re- 
tauitas (old^ as OH ^itkei of pr aise. Tke 
comparative vetuatior is also regularly 
used as con^aratioe to Tetaa) : antiquoa ; 
very ancient, perantiqaaa (snsting to» old 
times r'nXaiiii opposed to recena). Jn. 
vetaa et antiqmia : priacua (ofd, prim it ive: 
as a soUImn word conveying tke accessory 
notion of tke sacred respect due to aeuiquv- 
fy • aPxaloi. Caaoua kad tke same mean- 
ing, but was obeoleu in tks time of tke best 
prcme writer»), in. priacua et Tetuataa ; 
▼etoa et priacua ; priacua et antiquua : 
priatlnua (existing at a former time : 
wkereas antiquoa, priacua denou a time 
long past): Tetalus (of a pereon eon- 
sideraoly advanced in year») : veteratua, 
store commonly inreCeratua (kaving ob- 
tained a firm hold by reason of its age ; 
e. g., invelsratam ulcua ; malum: an^- 
tia) : antiquo artificio fiwtoa, antlqul operia 
(made long ago : of works of art) : obao- 
l«toa (gone by, out offaskion). Jit. anti- 
quua et obaoletua. 1| The ancient writers, 
antioui acriptorea (inasmuek as tkeyftour- 
isked at a distant age) : veterea (inasmuek 
as tkey have infiuenced mankind for 9000 
yeare). An ancient family, genua anti- 
quum : ancient customs, pristtni morea : 
andem severity, priaca aeveritaa : an an- 
cient and kereditary custom, moa a patri- 
boa acceptua: ancient rites or usages, 
eanrimoni» a vetaatate accept» : ancient 
institutions, Vetera et priaca inatituta: 
tks ancient constitution, priaca reipublien 
forma: a pattern of ancient integrity, 
priacfe probitatia et miei exemplar; nomo 
antiquA virtute et fide: «a ancient kio- 
tory, hiatoria vetua et antiqua. Ancient 
daye, i. e., tke good old time, vetua or prior 
staa. T\> put any tking on tea SMcient 
footing, aliquid in priatmum reatitnere. 
H Tke ancients, veterea; antiqai; priacl: 
a^ priorea, auperiorca: if zs our fore- 
fathers, majorea. Vid. Old. 

ANCIENT, subst. \\ Flag of a ship, 
inaignc navia (vid. Cos,, B. C., % 6) : vex- 
illom (as tke sign for attacking). Vid. 
Flag. }!i Flag. bear er, ^goikT: rexH- 
lariua (not vexUlifer). 

ANCIENTLY, olim: quondam (once, 
formerly: opposed to nunc): antea: an- 
tehac (antea before tkat time: antehao 
btfore.tkis time): antiquitua (in andent 
days) : patrum or mniorvaa memoriA (<a 
owrfcukenf times). 
ANCIENTNESa Vid. AimqurrY. 
ANCIENTRY, generia antiquitaa. 
A NC LE, .talua. Reaeking to tke andes, 
talaria (e. g., tunica). 

AND, et (= xal: joins words and no- 
tions, eack ofu^ick is considered independ- 
ently, and as of equal importance) : atque, 
ac (add wkat ts of somewhat more import- 
anee : ac not before vowels or h : very eel- 
dom before g, (He, Fam., 12, 7) : que ( s= 
re : jotns a word closely to another as an 
appendage to it). ^*An^* at tke begin- 
ning of indignant questions is et (et qnia- 
quam dubitabit, Scc.T). ||And is often 
untrandated: (1^ when it unites single 
notions of tke ibllowing kindt (a) in cer- 
tain comibinatMns of frequent occurrence ; 
e. g., **korse and man,** equi viri; **ai0» 
and women," viri muHdrea. So ventia re- 
mia, &c. (b) Before tke last term of an 
enumeration, when the preceding terms are 
not connected by ** and." " Our country 
waepressrred bymy labors, counsels, and 
dangers,** patria laboribna, conaiUia, peri- 
euUa mela aervata eat ** Then were preo- 


cat (Sredte, Romans, and others,*' adertnt 
Grad, Romani, alii, f^ The partieU 
** antt* is, however, inserted b^ore tke last 
term of an enumeration, k being omitted 
before tke otkers, wken tkat expresses tke 
wkole class, to wkick tke preceding terms 
belong, (c) Betteeen tke nanus of consuls 
it is sometimes omitted. (^ Wken'* and* 
connects whole sentences. In Engliek we 
I often connect by **antr sentences that re- 
lau to different tietes, or tke latter of wkick 
is a consequence of tke former, or describes 
a subsequent action of a person mentioned 
indie former. Suck sentences are in Latin 
eitker (a) connected by tke relative qui ; 
e. g., **« m ess en ger caau and announced,** 
vcmit nundua, qui nuntiabat: or (b) tke 
eubordinate sentence is twmsd into a par- 
tidpial dause: "ke cams forward and 
spoke tkus,** in medium prodiena bee 
locutua eat: **ke left tke dty and retired 
to kis country-house,** urbe relictd in 
villam ae recepit : or (c) causal particles 
are used, wken statements stand to eeuJk 
other M ike relation of cause and efect, oc- 
caeion and coneequent action, Ac. ; e. g., 
^ Xantk^pus was sent to aid tks Cartka- 
ginians, and d^endsd kimself bravely,'* 
Xanthippua, quum Carthaginicnsibua 
anxilio miaaua eaaet, fortifcer ae defendit 
^ / saw kint, and imnediately recognized 
kirn,** poatquam com aapexl, ilUco cog- 
novi. II Aia> ao ; and ACcoaDmoLT : 
itaqne, sometimes que only (to in tima t e tke 
rapid succession of tke second evenf). 
II And AX.80, et— quoque (e. g.. et aar- 
meota quoque in mcrce aunt) : nee non 
(to connect ^ntences; tkty should stand 
separately. Tk^ are not used in tke best 
prose to connect two nouns tiks a simpls 
et). ^ two adjectives or otksr attrUmtiaes 
are spoken of one noun, **and al'e&* is 
translatsd by idemqne, et idem (e. g., 
m\|jBicaa i d o m q u e philoaophua^. || And 
TXT, et tamen ; atqui (at tke beginning of 
asentene^. || And that, et ia, iaque : (JT 
*'a»d tkaf* relatee to a verb or to a whole 
sentence, idque should be used (negotium 
magnum eat navigare, idque menee Quin- 
till). II And not, nee or noque ; et non ; 
ac non (nee or neque «i^ai» f Ae n^ativs 
refers to the whole of tke second sentence: 
et non or ac non, wken it belongs more 
particularly to a single word or notion in 
it, or wken tke "antP* is verf^ empkatic : 
ac non, espsdally wken tke notion in tke 
sscond dause corrects, or is opposed to, a 
notion in tke first ; c. g., ^we must use 
reason, and not follow ike distorted rule 

2 f custom," adhibenda eat ratio, nee uten- 
um prariaaimA conauetudinia regulA; 
^ it wtntld be tedious and i» not necessetry 
to relate,** longnm eat et non neoeaaa- 
rium commemomre. ** I would write to 
you at greater lengtk, if tke tking need- 
ed words, and did not speak for itself,** 
phiribua verl^ ad te acriberem, ai rea 
verba deaidcrarct, ac Don pro ae ipaa 
loqueretar). [^^ In suck a sentence as, 
**it is A, and not B,** it would be quiu 
wrong te ezvreu tke ** oad*' in Latin ; e. g^ 
tuA culpA nictum eat, non meA (not tuA 
culpA loctum eat, et non med). H And 
NOT mATHxa, ac non, or ac non potiua. 
II And nobody ; and nothing ; and 
NKVca, &e., nee quiaouam, nee quid- 
quam, nee umquam, i/ tke negative 6a> 
longs to tke wkole eentenee ; et nemo, et 
nihil, et num<)nam, wken tke negative be- 
long» to tke single word. || In sentences 
of parallel construction, e. g., **A does this, 
and B does tkat,** &e., tke •« antt* skould 
be translated by autem, which is a weak 
adversative particle ; e. g., voluptatre im- 

Sellero, quo velit; unde autem velit, de- 
ucere: verautoa eoa appello, quorum 
mena celeriter versatur, callidoa autem, 
quorum mena — ^uau concalluit 

ANDROGYNOUS, androg^nna, i (Cic, 
substantively) : fern, androgj^ne. Vid. 

ANECDOTE, fabola : fabella: narrati- 
nncfila (a piquant kistorical narrative) : 
facetc, belle dictum or dictum oahf ((AnS- 
A9tYftOf ffon mot^ : aalae dictum : oiotam 
(of a sarcastic kind). 

ANEMOMETER, *a8rom«tram: *t 

ANEMONE, anemdne. 



AMBW, denuo (rare, notpi. in PUmL, 
Ter.: wkemwhat had eetuedb^fint again: 
vt66g¥, h «aiviK) : de or ab integro (pott- 
Augrtutan^ also ex intogro: when tohat had 
qtM* tndtd or disappeared begins again 
to exist from the same oausss as b^ore : ii 
^fpX^)' Anxw is Ojfien expressed 6y re 
in composition: teditio recrudetcic {breaks 
out anew'). 

ANFRACTUOUS, anfractoa habena: 
eurrena in ambitom : sinaatas. 

ANFRACTURE; anfrMttu» As. 

ANGEL, aiurehu : minlflter ac noncii|i 
Dei {EceL). You eome like an angel fivm 
heaoen, venii de ccelo miiaus. My an- 

2 'el ! me» delidas I mea rolaptas I mea fes- 
vitaa (amcenitaa) I mea aniina (vita) I ail 
in the eomic writers, 

ANGEL, as a4j., ) * angelicus : coelea- 

ANGELIC, V tiB, diviniu: ezi- 

ANGELICAL, S mius, incompara- 

ANGEL SHOT, «gtobua catenatua. 

ANGER, ira : irac^dia (of the habit 
of anger, vronsness to anger : also of a 
violent outbreak cf this passionau temper) : 
bUi« {properbf the gall : hence, metonymiC' 
ally, vedng and irritating displeasure; the 
feeUng rather than the outward manifesto»- 
tton) : etomichuM (properly the stomach, as 
the eeat ofan^sr from the ooerfiow of the 
gall into it : hence, metontftnicallv, for «»- 
ger, passion) : indignatio (anger arising 
from indignation, and ther^ore exdtif^ 
respect) : excandeacentia (=ira nasoena: 
the mating angr^. Anv body's viotsnt 
anger, ira et rabies alicujos. The anger 
qf the gode, ires coelestes. Fbr anger, 
pre irA or iracundii : ^af^«r,perirun; 
iratus : cum irA: irato animo ; uA victos. 
To be angry, iratom fieri; irritari: irA 
incendi, excandescere ; irA or iracondiA 
ardere (Co be in^fiamed with anger). To 
exeUe any body's anger, aliquem iratom 
reddere ; iram, bilem, or stomAchnm aU- 
cui movftre; bilem aUcui commovAre 
(Cic) ; aliquem or aBctOns iram irritare. 
To be under the ii^fiuenes of anger, irA te- 
neri : to give the rtins to anger, to surren- 
der onie self to anger, iracundisB pardre : 
not to be able to restrain on^s anger, irte 
Hon poCentem esse : to gioe vent to oik's 
M'flr ill (aors, iram or bUem per lacrixnas 
efiundere : to vomit fortk, or discharge 
on^s anger against any body, iram evo* 
• mere in aliquem ; stomAchum in ali- 
quem erumpere : to lay aside on^s anger, 
Iram mis ss m &ccre ; iram di- or o*mit> 
tere : Aw anger cools, ira defierrescit, de- 
flagrat Proiia to anger, iracundus; ad 
iram prooUvis : pnaceps in iram. 

ANGER, v., noere auauem iratnm ; ir- 
ritare aliquem or alicqjus iram : stom- 
Achum alicui facere or mov£re ; bidigna- 
tionem aUcui moTdre ; bilem alicui mo- 
▼Aro or commovdre : pungere aliquem 
(to sting a man) : offendere aliquem (to 
annoy : itf persons or things) : exacerbare 
aliaucm (to make him bitter against any 
body) : egre &oere alicui (PlauL, Ter.). 
H To be angered, &c Vld. Anoky.' 

ANGLER \\mathematieal angle, 
angulua. A rtght angle, angftlus rectus ; 
angtUua ad normam respondena. An 
obtuse angle, angnlus obtnaua or hebea. 
An acuu angle, angultu acutua. Tite an- 
gle qf the eyes, angulua oculorura. Full 
jangles, anguloaua (technical term, Plin.). 
A little angle, angellua (Luer.). \\ In- 
strument for ftehing. The nearest 
term is hamua ; hamua piacariua (the 
hookf opposed to nets, 6tc.), or arundo 

ANGLE, v., hamo piscari: hamo piacea 
capere : arundine piacea captare (with a 
rod, Ov.,MeL, 6,211). lxTn.,to Jish for 
any thing, captare, aucupari aliquid. 

ANGLER, placator (general term) : qui 
hamo piacatur ; qui arundine capiat pia- 
cea, &C. Vid. TO Anolb. 

ANGLE-ROD, arundo. ' 

ANGLICISM, «proprietaa Britannid 


ANGRILY, irate : irato animo : iracun- 
de. To look angriiy at any body, iratia 
oculia or tmd vultu aliquem intuerl 

ANGRY, iratua (angry : also of things 
that bstren/a person's anger ; e. g., ocul^ : 


with any body, aUeoi: ins pleiras (fitU qf 
wrath : qf persons) : irA incenaua, or ac- 
cenaua, or tndtatua, or flagrana : iracun- 
diA inflamroatua (ii^/Umtsd with anger: of 
high degrees of passion) : minax, trux 
(threatening, wild, £ercs: qf looks. Sec). 
II To be angry, iratum ease ; with or 
against any bodjf, iratom or offensum 
esse aJUeuL Jb u angry with ute, ilium 
iratnm habea They are angry with each 
other, bra inter eoe intercea^ To grow 
angry, irasd, iratum fieri; indignari^ 
atomaehari ; farA incendi, or exaccrbari, or 
excandoaoere : iracnndiA exardeacere, in- 
flammari, efferrL To make any body an- 
gry, facere aliquem iratum ; irritare ali- 
quem or alicujua bram : exacerbare ali- 
quem. TV mdbs any body angry against 
any body, aliquem ncere alicui iratum. 
/ am angry at any thing, aliquid mihi 
atomacho eat; aliquid aogre fero (m Gom^ 
aliquid mihi or meo animo ngre eat) ; ali- 
quid mihi moleatum est ; aliquid me pun- 
git; aliquid me male habet. I felt more 
angry about it than Quintus himsdf, hasc 
mmi majori etomacho, quam ipai Quinto 
f^runt U To be angry (qf wounds), 

ANGUISH, angor: auxietaa: atimuli do- 
loria. To Slider anguish, angi : about any 
thing, animo angi de aliquA re: about 
any body, angdrem ciwere pro aliquo. 
T\t suffer great anguish, angoro confid, 
aaatnare; angoribua premi, agitarl, ur- 
geri; angi intlmia aenaibus. To be tor- 
tured wit* angui^ angdre crudaxi 

ANGULAR, angultna (having angles) : 
angulatus (formed with angle^: angul6- 
aua (having matuf angles). 

ANGULARITY, oxcL., e. g., from iu 
angularity, ex eo, quod angulwtum or an- 
guioaum eat. 


ANGULATED, aninilatua. 

ANGUL08ITY. Vid. Aw oui.Axmr. 

ANGULOUS, anguloaua. 


ANGUSTATION, cbci.. with anguatare 

ANUELATION, anhdado (Plin.), 

ANIGHTS, nocte: noctu: noctumo 


ANIMADVERSION, || raproo/, cen- 
sure, animadveraia To escape animad- 
version, animadTeraioncm ett'ucrcre (Cic), 
Vid. RxpBOOP. \\ Punishment, ani- 
madreraio (in aHquem). Jn. animndvcr- 
aioetcaatigatio. The censor's or dictator's 
aniatadversions, animadversionea censo- 
rial, dictatoriie. Vid.PT;NiaHaiBNT. || Per- 
ception, animadversio. Vid. Pebckp- 


ANIMADVERT, \\ censure or pun- 
ish a fault, animadTertere aliquid: upon 
a person, animadvertere in aliquem. 

ANIMADVERTER, animadTeraor (e. 
g., vitiorum). 

ANIMAL, animal, animana (any living 
ersature ; animal, as belonging by nature 
to the class qf living creatures ; animana, 
as being now aUve. The gender of ani- 
mans is determined by the subject qfwluch 
it is supposed to be spoken ; hence plural 
animantia or annnantes) : bcatia (irra- 
tional animal ; opposed to homo) : belua 
(a great unwieldy animal; as elephant, 
lion, tiger ; whale, and other sea-monsters. 
In Cic., 2,N.D.,i2,Q,fbr bestia) : pecus, 
fldia,/. (domestic animals— bullock, skecp. 
Sue. ; oj^posed to bdua, fera) : a wild ani- 
mal, bestia fera or fera only (opposed to 
dcur or pecua) : belua fera (of one of the 
class described under behia, living in a 
wild state ; opposed to pocus) : belua ail- 
veatria (opposed to belua a^restia, dwelling 
in foruu). To paint aniatals very weu, 

Jrospcrrime bestiaa exprimere (e^fisr 
*lin„ 25, 11, 40, § 133). The animal ere- 
ation, genua anmiaiium or beatiarum; 
genua animantium ; animalia. \^ A stu- 
pid animal, peous (ftdia). 

ANIMAL, as ae^., animalia (endowed 
with life). JH Belonging to living 
creatures: by genttive, animantium. 
Animal fire, igma, qui eat in oorporibna 
animantium. Animal l(fe, ritn, qnu» spM- 
tu et corpora oontinetur. \\ Peculiar 


io the brute creations bygsnitbH,ht' 
luarum or pecudum (bdulnua, beatiAlls 
not found in classiaU prose ; e. g., animal 
instinct, beluarum or pecudum ritua). 
lun., gross, sensual, &Ai.: bygsnitivs 
corpoda. Animal pleasures, Imsts^ Sui., 
corporia voluptatea, libidinea. 

ANIMALCULE, beatiola (animalcuhm» 
is without any old authority) : vsru 
small animalcules, immena» aubtin- 
tatia sfitmwl'a. 

ANIMATE, llaiaJke alive, &c ani- 
mare. \\ Incite, Sec, excitare, indtara 
(eEctto, incite) : incendere (to set a wtan on 
fire) : injicere alicui aliquid (e. g., hope, 
eagerness to fight. Sec) : implfire ui<)uem 
aliquAre (to Jul any botlu with any thing): 
erigere aliauem in or aa spem (qffilUng 
him with hope): alicujus studium incT- 
tare ; alicujus animum erigere, Stc To 
be animated, acriorem fieri, Sec 

ANIMATE, adj., animatus, animana, 
animalis. Vid. Animai<, adj. 

ANIMATED, \\endowed with life, 
animatus; animans; animalis. \\ Live- 
ly, vigorous, Yividua, vegtitus: alAcer 
ad aliquid. ||^s participle, incenaua 
aliquA re (amore, ofikio, Sec) : impletua 
aliquA re (e. g., ape animoque). 

ANIMATION, cacL., e. i., by genitive 
animandi, Sec (animatio, TertuJl, Sm., in 
Cic metonymioally). || Liveliness, vis: 
gravitaa : vebementia (all three of anima- 
tion in speaking) : alncritaa. Sec 

ANIMATI V£, vitalia (promoting or con- 
taining life ; e. g., vitaUs via) : in vivum 
calorem revdcana (poetically, Ov., Jisc, 4, 

ANIMATOR, cmcL. (animator, TertulLf 

ANIMOSITY, odium : tovidia: aimul- 
taa : ira. [Syn. in Hatrkdj. To fed, 
cherish, entiartain animosity against any 
body, odiaae aliquem : odium In aliouem 
habere or gerere : alicui inviddre : In d- 
multate ease cum aliquo. He entertainM- 
a feeling of bitter animMity against any 
body, acerbladmum est alicujua odium in 
aliquem. . To conceive aniniosity against 
any body, odium in aliquem condpcre or 
crga aliquem suscipere. Look for other 
pkrasee in Hatbkd. 

ANISE, Anisum (Pimpinella anisum, 

ANKER, *amphAradimidiata. 

ANKLE, talua. Reaching to the anUes, 
talaris (c. g^ tunica). 

ANNALIST, annalium scriptor. 

ANNALS, annales. The annals of his- 
tory, bistoria) monumenta. 

ANNATS, primiti» (first-fruits of any 

ANNEAL, vitrum coloribus pin^rc; 
vitro picturnm inurere. The art of an- 
nealing, ars vitrum coloribus pingcndi 
ac pictnram inurendi (qfler Plin., 3o, 11, 

ANNEX, annectere, adjnngere aliquid 
ad alUfuid or alicui rei : adderc, ndjicere, 
agglutmare : subjicere aliquid alicui rd : 
copulare aliquid cum aliquA re. Vid. 

ANNEX, a., acoeasus: acceaaio. Vid. 

ANNEXATION, adjunctio: apposido: 
accessio : adjectio [Syn. in AoDrrioN] : 
annexio (Uac : PaUad., Mart.) ; annexus, 

ANN EXMENT. H Vid. Annexation. 
n Vid. ADDrrioN. 

ANNIIIILABLE, qui deleri potest. 

ANNIHILATE, delure (urbcm, hoetea, 
Sec) : exstinguere (extinguish : spom, 
4kc) : toUere (remove out of the way). 
Sometimes evertere, subvertere. [Via. 
Destroy.] To annihilate an armu, ail in- 
temedouem delere, redigere, adduccre 
or ciedere ; occidione caaderc or ocdderc. 
To be annihilated, funditus interirc : to- 
tum perire (to perish utterly) ; ad interne- 
cionem venire or pervenire (by a pesti- 
lence. Sec). 

ANNIHILATION, ddetio; exstinctio: 
interltus (death) : exddium {.tragical end). 

ANNIVERSARY, a., festi dies anniver- 
sarii : sacra annivcrsaria. 

ANNIVERSARY, aJfj., anniveraariu» 
(returning every year: apnuua is, lasting 
• year). 


ANNOI8ANCE. Vii. NmsAifaL 

AJIKOTATE, annotare (e. g^ paoea de 
alkiuA re). Vid. Annotation. 

ANNOTATION, annoiatio (udkniad 
Itrm ofpott-Ati^r^uia» Gram.') : *0eholioa 
(«Ji aplaiuaorif ncUr ox6XtoVf Orac in 
dc^ AtL, 16, 7, 3) : expw»tio : Interpre- 
tatiow [Nola, pniptrljf, the eetuof» mark. 
L e^ eanntn, i» defended 6y Htmd and 
Weber a» having been long used at a 
tecknieal term.] To wriu « fern annola- 
tioiu, paaca annotare (de aliquA re) : on 
m book, conunentaii Hbram (^mA, Qram.^ 
2); commencaria in librum componere 
iGdL, % 6, btg.). 

ANNOTATOR, Interpras, expknator 
(wrker qf eaj^lanatory remnrko) : enarrator 
(a eommentator who txpiahu the meaning 
^a «rdcr). ^p" Annotator, m Piiny, i» 
Mc who note» a thing. 

ANNOUNCE, nuneiarc : renondare 
{the proper word» : renandare, etpedaUjf 
wke» the announcement i» the contequence 
of a oommietion, or the repetition qf in- 
forwuation reeeioed) : aliquem cerdorem 
Mcere de re igive him information about 
dE) : promnlgare (ju> make pubUdv kikown^ : 
prooonciare {to froelaim publicly): ob- 
Boncdare (to announce unplea»ant occur- 
rtnee») : denonciare {to iuake a threaten' 
iug announament) : indkare : significare 
(Ay letter^ per Ut^vs): doeftre, edoc$re 
aliqoem ahquid or (lee» eommoiUif) de all* 
qak re (to give a pereon accurate tnforma^ 
tkm about a particular chvumttanc^ : per- 
flcribere aliquid alicoi or ad aliquem: 
mittere aliqao or ad aUquem (to tend an 
announcement by letter or a m»»»enger; 
vkh tke ac c u a a t ite and infinitive of mere 
iuteiligence ; ot, if it i» a cot^nand). j| 7b 
announce with authority, umat is to 
be followed or attenaed to : miperare (to 
eommand) : edicere (to make publicly 
known by a written or oral prodamation) : 
Rt>pcH)ere (Co make known by a public no- 
mee). ** Brutu» ha» announced that I may 
ezpeet Spinther to-day,** hodie Spintlierum 
exspecto ; mint enim Bmtua ad me. To 
announce a pereon, nundare aliquem Ten- 
tamm ease or ▼enire (of a future or ap- 
proaching arrival reepectively) ; nundare 
aliquem Teniace or adeaae : nunciare ali- 
CQJna adrentum (of an actual arrivat). 
To announce a book, librum proponcre 
(if it i» in prtparation) ; librum indicare 
({f it i» out: both of the bookteller). 

ANNOUNCEMENT, nundado : ^nun- 
datio : nagnificatio : denunciatio : indid- 
um : promulffatio : pronnnciatio (aU a» 
action. Vid. uu verb» under Announce). 

ANNOY, negodum faceaeere, negotium 
or moleatiam exhibere alicul : any body 
with any thing, obCundere ^quem aliquA 
T9 (e. g^ Uteris, rogitando): obstrepero 
alicui (e. g.. Uteris) : with entreaties, pre- 
dtnu fati^oe aliquem : molestiam imcui 
afferre ; molestxA aliquem afficere ; alicui 
afiquA re molestum or gravem eaae. 
Sometiau» asitare, exagitare. rozare, com- 
morere, aoliidtare, &c [Vid. Vax.} / 
fear that I annoy you, vereor ue tibi gra- 
Tin aim. Tki» annoy» me, hoc male me 
habet : boc UM! commdvet, pungit j|/ii- 
jnre, damno or detrimento esse : obeeae : 

ANNOYANCE, molestla : onoa (bur- 
den) ; cnra (anxiety). 7b cauee annoyance 
to any body, molestiam alicui afferre, ex- 
Idbere; molestiA aliquem afficere: »ome 
annoyance, aHqaid aspcrgere moleatisa 
(Jue^ae a drawback ; the other drcumttan- 
ee» being of a favorable or happy kind). 
tAn annoyance, onus, incomm5dum. 
Ta be an annoyance to any body, alicui 
case molestie (Plaui.), oneri (Liv.), one- 
lare aliquem (Cic.), to any thing. 

ANNOYER, caci.. by verb» under As- 
VOT : oui alicui negotium &ceMit, &c 

ANNIDAL, annuua (laeting a year ; tah- 
ieg place thronghout the whole year: al»o 
annaUa, Var.): anniTemariua (returning 
« the expiration of a year : in thi» »enae 
vaxau t» poetieat). Annual featioal», en- 
era anniveraaria : festi dies anniTersarii. 

ANNUALLY, quotannis: singulis an- 
Bb : in tingulos annoa (for every year). 

ANNUITY, redltus atatus (statum re<U- 
tun prestare, Plin., Ep-, 3, 19, 5) : annua, 
aroiD, or annua pecunia (general term» 


^!nt., Ben., 1, 9, 4 ; Tac, Ann., 13, 34, I) : 
morees annua (if in paywunt of »ervice»). 
To »ettle an annuity on any body, annua 
or annuam peeuniaiil alieui statuere, con- 
adtuere. to pay any body an annwi^, 
annua alicui prwbere or prsstare. To 
allow any body an annuity o/ 500,000 ses- 
teree», offerre alicui in singuios annos 
quingena sestertia ; aliquem qulngenis 
sestotiis annuls austentare. To receive 
from the prince an annuity o/ 250.000 ses- 
teree», ducenta oulnquag^ta Hd annuA 
mercede sunt mini apud prindpem (of a 
talary rather than on annuity). 

ANNUITANT, *qni annuii or annui 
pecuniA sustentatur. 

ANNUL, toUere (the proper word of 
annulling a law, ojue, tat. Judgment, 
Sec.) : aboldre (v. kioL, to annvllet^ cus- 
tom», reUgionf will»: not found in Cic) : 
abrogare (by the authority of the people: 
a law, decree, a magiatracy) : inducere (to 
atrike out, cancel: a reeolution, decree, con- 
tract. Sec.) : solvere, dissolTerc, resoWere 
(a euetom, friendship, military diedpline) : 
penrertere (overtArow ; e. g., ri^hte, Jue- 
ticti): ftindltus tollere (remove quue away) : 
deldre (blot out ; de$troy utterbf). 

ANNULAR, \no exact word. Some- 

ANNULARY, 5 time» in orbem cir- 
cumactus: in orbem ainuatus [annula- 
ris, annularius, mean, "relating to a 
ring:** orbicularis, drcularis, late]. 

ANNULET, ann&lus (ring): anellus 
(dimin.). II Round ornament on the 
capital of a (Doric) piOar, annulus ( Vttr.) : 

ANNUMERATE, annumerare (Cic). 

ANNUMERATION, cacL. by annume- 
rare (annumeratio. Dig.). 

ANNUNCIATE, annunoiare (Plin^. 
Vid. Announce. 

ANNUNCIATION. Vid. Announc»- 
MSNT [annunciatio, iMtant.]. 

ANODYNE, doldrem sedans, Aniens : 
anodynes or -us (Cele., anodynes medica- 
mentum). || An anodyni, anod^non 
(Afarc.. Emp., 25). 

ANOINT, unsere: inungere: perun- 
gere (all ijiquid aliquA re) : unguentis 

ANOINTER, unctor. 

ANOINTING, uncdo: inunctlo(a« ocO : 
unctflra (wiUt reference to the kind or man- 
ner of anointing). 

ANOMALOUS, enormis (irregularly 
arranged or built ; e. g., tIcus, 7*ac, poet- 
Augu»tan) : andmfilns (irr^ular a» to 
decleneion or conjugation). Sontatime» in- 
compositus, InueitBtus. 

ANOMALY, andmalfa (iwnaX ia, Varr.) : 
ineequabilitas (Varr.) : ina»qualitas (QtU., 
all three of decUneion, corrugation. Sec.) : 
enormitas (irregular arrangement,Q^int.): 
minus apta compositio (want qftymmetry ; 
e. g.. in the body). 

ANON, II quickly, eoon, confestim, 
ilBco, extemplo, statim, continue. Vid. 
Soon. \\ Sometime», now and then, 
intcrdum. Vid. Sometibies. 

ANONYMOUS. An anonymou» letter, 
liter» sine nomine script». Anonymoue 
poem», carmina incertis auctoribus vul- 
gata. Anonymou» vereee, sine auctore 
versus. An anonymou» writing or book, 
libellus sine auctore : *sine auc^ris nom- 
ine emissus. 

ANONYMOUSLY, sme nomine; sine 
auctore ; iocerto auctore. 

ANOREXY, * impelia, ut Grwco verbo 
utar : faatidium dbi expreeee» more ; L e., 
positive loathing. 

ANOTHER, alius : alter (another of two : 
alter mutt al»o be u»ed when another is 
indefinite, but the action i» «lone to or with 
but one other person; e. g.. si cum al- 
tdrocontrAhas: ezitiumaltiripnrare): 
diversus (=.digerenX). Another pereon*», 
another'», alienus (e. g., alienum puerum 
pro sue tollere). In »uch expressions as 
'• anotAer Cato,** See, alter or novus 
(e. gn alter Hannibal: novus Camillus: 
alius not tiU Silver Age). Another world, 
orbis alienus (Pirn., i. e., another, strange, 
and virtually deferent, world). To adopt 
another plan, consilium mutare. || At an- 
other time, iUias; idio tempore. At an- 
oUter place, alibi (in thi» sen»» alias one» 
in Cic., A»., 16, 11, 7). To another place, 


I aUa /a another manner, aliter. But 
more of thi» another time, sed h»c aliaa 
pluribtia. || One anothbb, alius alii, or 
eiimxi, or (if there are two only) aitor alteri, 
or alterum (jL e., one— to the other ; or one 
—the other) : inter ae (or, if the nominative 
i* **w«,"" you," inter nos, Inter Tos; when 
the predicate is spoken of a person or per- 
sons expressed in the nominative or accusa- 
tive in t hat se ntence ; seldom in any other 

*^—^)- J39^ 0»«- " '*'« *'ww «^ an- 
other,** Moovimus nos or novimus noa 
inter nos; but "they know one another,*' 
ie never noverunt se (which is,** to know 
themeelvetr) or novenmt se inter se. To 
fear one another, timbre inter se. IntOT 
nos, inter se, are even somethnee joined at- 
tributively to eubetantive» ; e. g., ad hnd- 
tationes atcmxorum inter se. Inter ipsoa 
(^when there ie an opposition, expreeoed or 
tmmtied, between the subject» ipaken of and 
other»). Fidelity to one another, tdes in- 
ter ipsos (SueL). So sodetas hominum 
inter ipsos, Cic.: mutuo (mutuaily, re- 
ciproceuly : invfcem i» unelassical m tAts 
stfiue, on^ vicisaim has no such wuaning): 
ultra et citro : ultro dtroque : ultro curp 
(= ab utraque parte. Obs., ultro dtro i» 
poat-Auguetan). To love one another, 
amare Inter se : inter se diligere (mvicem 
or mutuo diUgere ore nosC-cZoMteai .* vicis- 
sim diligere, founded on a misapprehen- 
sion of Cic, Lai, y. 30, is wrong). To 
look at one another, inter se aspicere. 
II On» aftsr another, deinceps. Vid. 
Kacu other. 

ANSWER, respondfire, to any thing, 
ad aliquid or alicui rei (properly, by word 
of mouth: oppoeed to reecribere; Oun by 
word of movuh, or by letter) : responsum 
dare, edere, reddere (give an answer^: 
roscribere, to any thing, ad aliquid or ali- 
cui rei (to give a written answer to a writ- 
ten queetion) : exdpere aliquem or alien* 
Jus sermonem (to take up tke discourse * 
it can only imply that an answer is given 
to the preceding one). To answer an ob- 
jection, referre: reponere: rospondere 
contra aliquid: id quod opponitur refu- 
tare : responddre de jure : responsitare 
(to answer legal questions whenever appliad 
to : of jurists) : responddre : so defiendcro : 
se purgare (to answer an accusation: 
criminibus respondere). 7b answer a 
question or questions, respondAro ad in- 
terrogata (rogata) or ad ea, qu» quwsita 
sunt: not to answer, non respondere: 
tac£re : obmutescere : to answer nothing, 
nullum responsum dare : nullum verbnm 
resppndSre: omnino nihil respondere: 
to answer boldly, fereely, Stc., fortiter, au- 
dacter, ferodter respondere: to answer 
courteouely (by letter), rcecribere buma- 
niasime. It ie easy to answer this, hujna 
rd fadlis et promta est reeponsio. || To 
anawer any body again, responddre 
alicui: obldqui alicui: par pari reepon- 
ddro (to give him aa good as he brings, 
Plaut,). II To answer (=60 accountable) 
for any thing, rationem reddere alicujus 
rei or de allauA re. || 7b answer for 
(=zb» evretyfor) any body or any thing, 
interccdere pro aliquo (also interccdere 
pecuniam pro aliquo : to b» his auray by 
conaenting to forfeit a sum of money \fhis 
does not perfom the thing m queetion) : 
pneatare aliquem, aliqxiia or de re (to he 
eurety, to anawer for, in a wider sense) : 
spondere, fidem interponere, pro aliquo : 
vadem fieri ejus sistendi (to answer for 
any bodifa appearance) : predemiieri pro 
aliquo and alicujus rd ; obsidem alicujus 
rei fieri: also vadem se dare alicui pro 
aliquo. [Syn. t» Su«ett.] 1 will an- 
swer for tt, that, pra»tabo with accusative 
and infinitive. \\To answer to omfs 
name, ad nomen respondere; voootum 
(participle) respondere. || Correspond 
to, suit with, respondere alicui rei, or 
absolutely : ex alterd parte alicui rd re- 
spondere (to be its couTUerparl) : cond- 
nere: congruero: convenire. [Stn. in 
AoRKE.J 7b anawer men* a czpeeCotioiu, 
opiniom bominum respondere. The event 
doee not anau>er his expectations, eventua 
alicui non respondet ad spem ; res longe 
aliter, ac quia ratus erat (or speraverot), 
evenit. 7%«r« ia no Latin word which an- 
awcra more nearly to the Qreeh i^evfi <Aaii 



Totuptas : nuHuni rerbtim inreniri potest 

Siod magU idem declarat Latiiie, quod 
rwce fyStv^f quara deolarat voluptaa. 
To atuwer tfu demand* or claims of omf» 
enditors, creditoiibus satufacere: credi- 
toraa abaolvere or dimtttere CGieri^^ Pliti^ 
Ep., 2, 4. 2). To anstoar any bodfa expec- 
fotton, exBpectadonein aUci^ua eztrf6re ; 
reapondere aUcojus exapectadoni {op- 
pond to decipere alicujua exspecbUio* 
sem, not to aiMfer, Sec). || To answer 
for {:= serve for) any thinjr, pro aliquA 
x^ case or ease poese : alicui rei or ad ali* 
quam rem utile esse (of being useful for 
a purpose). Sometimes uaui esse ad ali* 
qmd : idonoum eaac ad aliquid, or bonum 
ease alicui rei or ad aliqoid. || 7V> suc- 
ceed welly proapere cedere, proapero, or 
bene, or pulchre procedere; proepere 
Buccedere, or aucceoere on/jf. \\ Answer 
like an ecko^ rosonare (gloria virtuU re- 
sonat tamquam imago, Cic.). || A sk^ 
does not answer to the helm^ non habilGi 
eaC gubemaculo (VeU.): baapeXienB oat 
gubemacuU (Curt.). || =lo succeed^ re- 
apondere (e. g^ aliquid .... quod non ubi« 
que fortaasc, sed tafopiua fiamen ptiam re- 
•pondeat, Cel*. Praef). Vid. Succkcd. 

AKSWEft, a., rcaponaio: reaponkum 
(general ten», tMeformer^ in QkmU., a refu- 
tation ; the latter^ also the answer qfan ora- 
cle)', defenaio: excuaatio: pui^jatio (re- 
ply to a ckargi) : oraculum : aora oraculi 
(oracular response) : reecriptum (written 
reply of a prince: Silver Age). An on- 
swer given to one's self to a question put 
by OH^s self (qf an orator)^ aibi ipai re- 
•ponaio, eubjectio (A.vQviro^ofidL). Answer 
to an objection that might be made, anteoc- 
cupatio; praMumtio (vpoXtixpit). Sharp, 
witty answers, ucnte responsA. || Tdgive 
an answer. Vid. to Answer. To reeeh* 
an answer, responaura ferre, auferre. / 
receive an answer to my later, meia Uteris 
reapbndetur or reacribitur. I got for an- 
twer, rcaponeum milii eat; reaponsum 
datum eat Tb bring back an answer, to- 
sponsum rcferre, renunciarc. 

ANSWERABLE, conacritanena : con- 
Teniens or congruens (oil three alicui rd) : 
aecommodatua ad aliquid: aptua alicui 
reL Jn. aptus conaentaneuaone alicui 
ret To be answerable to any tiing, con- 
gruere, convenire, convcnientcm, aptum 
conaentHneumquo esae alicui rei. Not to 
be answerable to any thing, alienum csae 
re or a re. Any thing answerable to an- 
oAer, res alicui ref simiUima (very like), 
compar (^mi^ like); ex alterA parte re- 
spondcna (correspondent ; its counterpart). 
\\ Accountable^ Sec., alicui ratio red- 
denda est (ke must account for it): to be 
answerablefor any thing, aliquid prtestare. 
lam answerablefor it, mihi res prawtanda 
cat To make im^s self answerable far 
any thing, aliquid in se rccipere (take it 
onon^sself). \\ Admitting of a satis- 
factory answer, guod excuaari potest 
(which can be justified): (citjua rei ratio 
reddi potest of which an exculpatory ac- 
count can be given). 

ANSWERABLY, convchienter, coftgru- 
enter alicui rei : apte ad aliquid. 

ANSWERER, qui alicui reapondet, &c. 
II One who replies to another in a 
controversy, qui contra dicit; qui con- 
tra diniatat 

ANT, formica : a little ant, formica par- 
r&la (t) ; formicOla: overrun with ants, for- 
micteua. An ants egg, ovum formican. 

ANT-BEAR, MyrmecophAga. 

ANT-HILL, formicarumcunicfllus (PL, 
11,31,36): foTVcAcvXum is without old au- 
thority (Kraft and Forbiger quote Appul), 

ANTAGONIST, adveraarius (general 
term.) Vid. Adversary. || An antago- 
nist muscle, *mu8caius alicui musculo 
adversus et contrarius. 

ANTALGIC, dolorem sedans, finiens. 

ANTANACLASIS, in Rhet. Avravd- 
uXSottt ut Oreeco verbo utar ( — cui [irapo- 
voftaaiq] confinis est ivravdK\iloi(t ejus- 
dem verbi contraria slgniAcatio, QuinL, 
\f, 3, 68). 

ANTAPOPLECnC. An awtapopHectic 
remedy or medicine; remedium adveraus 
morbum, quem imoplexin rocant 

ANTARCTIC, ivrapKUKii (Varr.) : ail- 
tarcticns (HygH., AppuL), 


ANTECEDE, anteire: antegr6di: an- 
tecedere : prsire : pnegrfidL 

ANTECEDENCE, antecessio (Cic). 

ANTECEDENT, antec6dens: pr»c6- 
dens : prior, superior (former : not pra»- 

ANTECEDENTLY, antea. Antecedent, 
ly to any thing, ante aliquid. 

ANTE-CUAMBER, amphithalimos Oii- 
^edXaftoi, Vitr., 6, 7 [10]. 2ed., Sekndd.: 
others read antiUnJanraa) : procoaton (an 
ante-room to a bed-chamber where doves 
used to wait: KpoKoiriiv in Varr., R. IL) : 
veatibulum (open space b^ore a Roman 
house, where those who had business there 
waited: in vestibulo sdium opperiri aalu- 
tationem Cteaaria). Tb be on guard Ui 
the mnperot*s ante-chamber, ezcubiaa circa 
cubicnlum princ^is agere (Suet.). 

ANTE-CHAPEL, pronAos (iro^aof)- 

ANTECUR80R, antecursor. 

ANTEDATE, r., i. e., take before the 
proper time, aliquid preacipere or pre- 

AUTEDILUVLAN, *qui ante inunda- 
tionem iUam terrarum vixit, fiiit, Stc. 
II Old, primitive, vecus: antiquus, pris- 
cus, &c. II Old-fashioned, antiqvnis et 
obsoletus: obsoletus: exoletus. 

ANTELOPE, • antil6pe (Linn.).. 

ANTE-MERIDIAN, antemeridianus. 

ANTE-MUNDANE, * qulante mundum 
conditum or edificatum fuit 

ANTENNA, * antenna, qusB didtur. 

ANTEPA8T, prawumtio alici^us rei 
(Plin^ Ep., i, 15, 11). [Not pra^sensio, 
which is mental antictpation,] 

ANTERIOR, antecedens, prascedens: 
prior, superior (former: for farmer in 
point of time, pnatentus is quite wrong^ : 
(antenorittote: Amenian., Symm., Sulpic 

ANTE-ROOBL Vid. Antk-ohambcb. 

ANTHEM, * canticum Eccleaiasticum. 

ANTHOLOGY, antfaologica, orum (PL, 
21, 3, 9). 

ANTHONTS FIRE, erysipdlas, fttis 

ANTHRAX (in medidne), anthrax 
(JSm., Maer.): carbunculus: anthracltis 
(Plin.): anthracias (&)/i/t.). 

ANTHR01*OMORPHITES (a sect qf 
schismatics), anthropomorpbltaa (Augus- 

ANTHROPOPHAGI, anthropophftgi 

ANTHYPOPHORA (figure in rheto- 
ric), autfajrpopbdra (Sr/t.). Quintilian 
writes it in Greek characurs. 

ANTI-ACID. Vid. Alkali. 

ANTIC. No carrespdnding word. Some- 
fm» vnltus distortua or ckcl. by os dis- 
torqudre (if grimaces are meant). \\ As 
person. Vid. Buffoon. 

ANTI-CHAMBER. Vid. Antk-oham- 


ANTI-CHRIST, antichristus (Ecd.). 

ANTICIPATE, nuticipare (e. g., moles- 
tiam, Cic : also, to form a notion before- 
hand) : <)uasi anticipare (to do before the 
proper timef e. g., ludos, Suet., Claud., 
21) : prtBcipere (c. g., gaudia : spem : vic- 
toriam : consilia hostium : victoriam ani- 
mo) : prwsumere (e. e., ofiicia heredum, 
Plin.: gaudlum, IwtiaiBm, Plin.: fnturn. 
Sen. : bellimi ape, Virg. : aliquid cogioui- 
one, Plin.) : occupare (prevent ; forestall f 
do first: ratea, Ov. : ortum aolis. Curt.). 

ANTICIPATION, anticipatio (a notion, 
the truth of which we antietpate before it is 
proved : ^ ** antecepta animo rei qusdam 
informatio," Cic, irpSX^^tq : preeaumtio 
(anticipated ei^oyment). {{Hhet., antici- 
pation (the answering qf an anticipated 
objection), anticipatio: ante occupodo: 

ANTIDOTE, antid6tum: antiddtus or 
antiddtos, /. (Cels., Pheedr., Qut'iU., hrrl- 
fiOTov)'. alexipharmftcon (only Plin., 21, 
20, 84) : remedium alicujua rd, ad ali- 
quid : contra aUqidd (Plin,). 

ANTIMONY, Btibi (erlii), or stimmi 
(erifti/t), or, Latinized, stibiimi : * anti- 
monium (technical term). 

ANTINOMIAN, an, antinORras (used by 
the Lutheran '* Formula ConcordiiB*^. 

ANTIPATHY, disconUarerum : repug* 
Dtntia reram (contrariety qf nature and 
ptaUtie», PHny also neea ■Dt4>atiiia, a^ 


TtndBtia) : odium : fuga : aversans et re- 
pugnans natura (natural feeling of dis- 
like ; these three espedalty of persons) ; 
naturale bellum (Ctc, qf the eonse-quenee 
of a natural antipathy between antmal»: 
est alicui cum aliqno). To feel an ant^m- 
thy against any thing, abnorrere a re : 
aTersari aliquid r aliquid spemere, asper- 
nari, reapuere. Jn. aspemari ac reapucre 
aliquid : faatidire aliqucm or aliquid (feel 
disgust or loathing). To enterttan an an- 
tipathy against any bodu, animomm con- 
tentione ab aliquo disCTepare : to feel a 
great antipathy against any thing, mag- 
num odium alfcuius rei lae capit There 
is a great antwathy between two things, re» 
qusBdam perricaci odio dissident 

ANTIPODES, qui converaia inter se 
pedibua atant (with relation to each other^ 
Plin., 2, 65, 65). Our antipodes, qui ad- 
yersis vestigiis stant contra nostra vesti- 
gia, quoa dvriiroiai vocant (Cic., Acad., 2, 
39, 123) ; qui adveraa nobis urgent vestigia 
(Cic, sifmn. Scip., 6, in.) : qui sunt con- 
trarii vestigiis nostris (i>irt.). Jn the Silver 
Age, antii^es, antichtbdues (arriTro^cf, 

ANTI-POPE, * antipApa. 

ANTIQUARIAN. Antiquarian research' 
ea, studies, * antiquitatia inveatigatio or 
Btudium : * andquarum Uterarum studia. 

ANTIQUARY, rerum andouarum erudi- 
osus (one fond of antiquarian pursuits ; 
a collector, &c.) : rerum andquarum liter- 
ate peritua (of antiquarian knowledge) : 
* reterom librorum coemtor (a collector 
of old books) : antiquitads investigator 
(one who in antiquarian subjects). 

ANTIQUE, adj., and^uus : andquo ope- 
re fhctus : andqui opens. Vid. Ancient. 
II An antique, opus andquum: res an* 
tiqua : res andq^uo opere facta : 'res andqui 
opcria. A ceibtnet or museum of anti^i- 
ties, * thesaurus quo vasa, statuie, ali»equo 
res andqui operia continentur : * horreum 
operum antiquorum. A collector of antt 
qiuities, * rerum andquarum Btudio«?ufl. 

ANTIQUATED, obsoletus (of dress, 
words) : exoletus (of words) : ab usu 
quoddiani aermonis jam diu intcrmi^^mui 
(of words long gone out of common use) ; 
ab uldmis et jam oblitcratis tcmporibiia 
repedtufl (of words). 

ANTIQl/lTY, vemstaa (the long dura- 
tion ; and, the olden time) : andqiiitaa (m 
all themeaningsofthe English word). An 
antiquity, andqua res : andquiun opus. 
A monument of ttntiquity, mouumentum 
andqxiitads. Roman antiquities, * antiqul- 
tatps Roman». An^ thing bears about it 
evident marks of antiquity, plurima in ali- 
quA re antiquitatis etn^eo. 

ANTISPAST, antispa^nia. 

ANTISTROPUE, andstrSphfi (Victo- 

ANTITHESIS, contmrium (the opposite 
of any thing). " The antithesis of any 
thing," by crcl. with contrarius alict^ua 
rei or alicui rei (e. g.. hujus virtutis con- 
traria vitiositas, Cic) : contentio (the 
placing together of opposite thovghts). 
Obs. (a) opposiram does not intimate Vtat 
the notion opposed to another is contrary 
to it : (b) antithesis is a grammatical fijf. 
ure when one letter is put for another (as 
olli for illi) ; but antithfiton is " an anti- 
theticetl notion," so that andth^ta maij be 
used for ^^ antitheses" (hsec qu» Gra^ci 
andthdta nominant, quum contrariii) np. 
ponuntur contraria, Cic : " rasis Libmt 
in andthetis." Pers.\ 

ANTITYPE. The Latin fathers use 
snbstanda, Veritas, &c. (oppoud to umbra, 

ANTLER, ramus QnA not without cornu 
mentioned, Ctes., B. O., 6, 26). Antlers 
(when used loosely for horns), comua. 

ANTONOMASIA, ontonomaaia (Quin. 

ANTRE. antrom. 

ANUS, anus. 

ANVIL, incus, fidis. 

ANXIETY, angor: anxietas (anxitudo 
rare : angor is a temporary eiffection : anxi- 
etaa. an abiding suae) : solUcitudo (anxi- 
ety caused by the amrehension of evil): 
pavor (dread^: trcpidado (impatience of 
rest, as a bodilf effect of anxiety) : afflicta- 
tio (^reat anauty, anguish: not afflicdo, 


«Udb i» rtmovtdjhm Cfc, Tiue^ imerk. Hhm 
ieul editiotU) : bm^xu (duturbed,p€rpUxed ' *'«ea 
«MIO- ^<(^ of oMxietif, anxiiu, trepidans Tis : 
•r tnefiidua : soUicttaa. 7b fre m, orfed^ quo 


ce^. II ilny wkert ydu please, ubi- 
if—anif what, licubi w rear) ; si 
... - ^ . . (»/ «Wim). Mny where = mnf 

•»x» rty, a ngi; animo ioUicito esn; ani- «A^tAer, aHqao: quopinin : qnoquam: 
mo tremere; pav^re : o^oat any thing iiaq;uam {with the $ame distinctum as be- 
<anhno ) angi de re : abotU any hodm, an- tipeen atiqaiA : qniaplain : qniaqaam : ul- 
nrem capere, soUidtum ease pro aUquo. lua). From any where, aUcimde. If from 
Tboe t» great anxiety, angore condci; anw where, ficunde. \\Any more than, 
«•toare; anforibos premi, affitaiitirgeri; j (4|/W negative), non plus quam, Sue. 
an^ intunia aenribns : to oe tormented I ANY, before eampara/ice$: nihllo, witk- 
wiM sitzieey, angore craciari. To cause out non : the eomparatboe only, non behur 
•Ujf body anxiety, anxiu curia implere all- expressed [hia conceaais, nihilo magls ef£> 

ci^jas animum ; «ollicitudinem alicui stra- 
ere ; trepidadonem aUcni iojicere. To be 
an ttxriely, soUicitndfaicm csae (Cic). 

AK XIOUe, anxioa : aollicitua (anxioa, 
ttpsciatly from fresent causes ; sollicitoa, 
from apprehension of future mils) : pari- 
das: trepidos or trepidana (Stw. under 
Aicxmr].- 7b be anxious about any 

datur, qjiod veUtia; non fieram diO' 

APACE, celeriter: dto: festinanter: 
▼elociler : to run apace, celeiiler ire ; ce- 
leri or dtato gradn ire (of persons) ; ind* 
tatips fluere or ferri (of streams), 

APART, aeoraum (opposed to una) : aep- 
aradm (opposed to conjunotim). ,(}ftsn 

thing, Bttxhzm eaae re or de re, seldom | exprssg^ lysein composition : to piaee or 
wkk a eeu sa tiv e or ^««•ir>ee,.aoUicitum eaae ] eel apart, aeponera : to go apart, seoedere. 

de re : about any body, pro allqno laborare. 
{y id. more under AsxiKTT.] \\ Causing 
anxiety, anxina (not in Cicero in dUs 
meaming, but in Livy): anxious cares, 
«udas coraa : an anxious fear, tinxor aoxi- 
*« (f^'irg.) To make any body anxious, 
aUqnem aolUdtare, eolHcitum habere. 
Jm. anxium me adlidtum habere: afflic- 
t«ne ; aolUdtadine or legritudine aflicere ; 
aoDicitodinem or »gritadincm alicui af< 

fiore : to make very anxious, vehemcnter '"^ aparhnenQ. 

Joktng apart, remoCo joeo. 

APARTBiENT, concl&ve (room that 
be locked up, chamber — dining-room) : en- 
bicUlum (apartment to let f but mostly 
sleeping «portmcfK) : dieta (oay litfing 
room ; e. g., a summer-house wUh chamber* 
attached) : mombrum (chamber, as portion 
of a house ; apartment) : cubicolum hoa- 
pitdJe (dining-room) : cubiculum dormi- 
torium: membrum dormitorium (sUep- 

angere ; rexare ; urere ; cruciare : dis- 
CTudare : miaeris modia solUcitare. 

ANXIOUSLY, anxie ; «oUidte ; pavide ; 

ANY, Ijiel^» aU are excluded: quia- 

rrn and oHua ( (I) quiaquam is uaed in 
singutar only, and as a sid>stantive ; 
never as an adjeaice, ezcepl with person- 
al nouns [e. g., acriptor, hosna, civi», 
bomo^], and, in Cic, personal nouns 

APATU£TIO, kmtua (on whiek nothing 
makes any impression) : nihil sentiena : 
aens^ cxpera r a aenau alienatua. 

APATHY, torpor (property numbness: 
hsnce deadnsss of feeling) : indolentia, or 
cacL. uath nihil ddiire (insensibility to 
pain, with which dullness of mind is con- 
nected : di^Y^ia) : atnpiditaa (stupid 
apathy as a quality) : aocordia (apathy as 
far a» it shows itself in thinking and re- 

a - J _v _ t «^ ♦ . • ■ i_ 

of multitude [e. g., ordo, genua bominmn. j eolving) : animua durua : ingenium inhu- 
legatio]. (2) Qniaquam or oHua is used manum (hard, unAriendly nature!) : lenti- 
is n^ative sentences ; in questions where j todo (insust^ptibility ofanu impression). 

the answer **ncr or '*noner is apected; 
and after -than,"* ** scarcely.*' After 
*'witkouf* **anjjr ia aliquis •» a nega- 
^etyVSlviuinafositireseiuenct). H'M»/* 
lAen aU are included (i. e,=.any you 
pjeaw), qnilibet, quivis (qnivia imziies a 
deliberate, thoughtful choice; quiUbct, a 
Mlad, imconsideraU one), \\"An y" after 
fi, nM. n6, nam, quo, quanto, is generally 
the indefinite quia : but aUquia is used 
vA«a the - oajT is emphatic 8i quia = 
**if any hodm," without ana emphasis: si 
•hquia =^**tf any body,'* be he who or 
what he wtay (relating to quality) : si 
quuquam r=. if there be any one, though 
«a more (relating to quantity^, gener- 
ally imj^ying that there is probably none, 
I** Jay*' in interrogations is often 
ecquis t so after quaerere, cunctari, Lc 

APE, simia : simiuSf poeneatty. A little 
ape, simidlua : pithecium<iridiiri(n', PlauL, 
contemptuously, of a damsel), \\ Foolish 
imitator, simia: ^imitator ineptoa: ca- 
cosdhia (KOKoli^Xot : especialiy an imitator 
of bad things or properties, e. g.,inanor' 
ator, Suet,). 

AJPE, V,, perrerae imitari : or, from eon' 
text, imitari only. To ape any body's gait, 
alicujufl inceasum inepte exprimere. 

APER, Vid. Ap«. 

APERIENT, cathartinu. 7b take ape- 
rient medicine, purgatione alvum soLUci- 
taro. One must take an aperient, dejectb 
a medicamento petenda est 

APERTION, apertlo (Varr., AppuL). 

APERTLY, aperte. 

APERTURE. }\ Opening, forimen 
(general term for any opening mads by 

* do jroH ask u^utker there is any hope f" \ boring) : cATum (burrow, pit. Sec.) : hia 
qowTM ecqua spea sit ? (ecquis or ecqui ; ; tua (any yawning fissure) : rima (Jissure ; 
Mqaa or ecque ; ecquid or ecquod : as a cut made lengthwise) : fissura (a rent) : 
adjtrtives.l ^Any^^some one or oth- I lacfina (a space not filed up; e. g., in a 
cr," **«ome," aliquis: quispiam: aUquI^ ceiling): lumen (the opening of a window 
piam : ( (I) afiquis, alioua, aliquid, sub- ) or door ; any opening through which li^ht 
etaaaee ; aUqais or aHqui. alic^a, aUquod, 
m^eedms: (9) aliquispiam, quispiam [nti- 
tiantitt and a«{;ectire]^ relate to a multi- 
tude, intimating that it is immaterial which 
indiridual of that number is thought o^. 
|>lay $ingle person ; any one sin- 
gly ; onus quihbet : quilibet unus : unua 

can penetrate) : fenestra (tqterture of a 
window) ', OS (mouth-like aperture, e. g., of 
«COM): apertura( ritr.). \If it iszz: kin- 
HOLB, Tid. J. Aperture of a reed, rivua fis- 
tfila*. 11 '7b make an aperture in any thing, 
aliqaid aperire (general term) ; perforare 
'(to bore through it), 7b heme i^tertures, 
qums. fiAfier a negative, **any body," I aperturaa habere ( Tier.). \\Act of open- 
**«ay thing," are ofUn omitted before a I ««^, apertlo (Varr., patetactio only hn- 
rtlathe clause: " I kace not any body to ^ proper as ad of divulging). 

sen, or whom I can send," non habeo 
qoem mittam. 

ANY, witk adverbs. || ^ay where, all- 
cfibi, uspiam : uaquam (with the same dis- 
tinction as between aliquis, quispiam, ul- 
has). 11^ «ay time, aUquando, quando 
(the latter when there is no emphasis; cs- 
peeiaUy after si, n^, quo, num. Sec.) ; um- 
qoam l^ter negatives, in questions cxpect- 

> Cieenfs practice is thus given by Stu- 
renbwrg, using acriptor for the noun. 
KoH.qaiaqaam (wot alias) scriptor. Gkn. 
cujoaqimm (not ulliaa^ acriptoria. Dat. 
eoiqaam (not alU) ac rl pt o rl. Aoa qoen- 
qoam or aUom acrtptorem. Abl. olio 
•ciipcore: once onlf, qooqaam hominB. 

APEX. apex. 

APUiERESIS, aphnr«sis (di^lpseis). 

APHELION, * apheliam (d^^Aiov, tech- 

APHORISBf, sentcntia : dictum. 

APIARY, apiarium (Col.) : alvear or al- 
rearium : meuarium (Varr.'). 

APIECE, to be translatsd by using a 
distribiaive numend ; with which, however, 
qaiaq|ue or unuaquisqae, with /genitive (sub- 
^antive), or aingnU (adjective), may be 
used : *' the common people received an al- 
lotment of two acres apiecer bina jugera 
agri plebi diiidebantar. " You are to re- 
ceive an all o t men t qftwo acres apieee," cai- 
que veatrnm blna jugera aasignantur. 
The prepare retcnim two tkaaa/OMd iTifomtry 


apiece, pnrtorlbua oct6na mOlia peditam 

APISH, cacoz«laa (foolishly imitating. 
Suet) : iueptc imitans aUqui^ incite ex* 
primens allquid. Sometimes ineptus iml» 
tator; inepta imitatrix (c. g., "otir epish 
nation," nos, inepti imitatorea, orimita- 
tores only ; gens inepta imitatrix [alicujus 
rei): vultuosus (grimacing): gesticulft* 
tionibus molc^tus (vexitig one by aire ana 
ttttitudei). Vid. Affccted, 8ii.z.t, Pi^t- 

APfSHNESfi, cacoxeMa (Sen.). Vid. 



* APITPAT. My heart goes apitpat, cor 
aalit: pectus trepidat( Of.). 

APLUSTRE. apluatre (plural, aphistr» 
or ^lustria ; dative and ablatioe, ^lustria 
or aplustribus). 

APOCALYPSE, Apocalypaia (TertulL). 

APOCOPE, apoc6pe. 

APOCRYPHA, apocryphl Mbri (EceL, 

APOCRYPHAL, soapectus: sospido- 
sus (exciting great suspicion). Sometimes 
inccrtus : dubiua. 7b be apocryphal, ana* 
pidone non carAre. 

APODICTICAL, apodictions (Gtti., ar- 
gumento— oon probo, neque apodictico) : 
certisaimoa : quod in dubiom Tocari ne> 

APOGEE, «apogieum (in Plin., rentX 
aposR-i, blowing from the land). 

APOLOGETIC AL. by cbcl. with de- 
fensio : defendere : se purgara, excuaart 
(in TertuU., apologetkua [e. g., liber]; 

APOLOGIST, defensor : laudator (jm». 

APOLOGIZE. To apologize (=p lead) 
for any body, cansam aUcujos defenden* 
dam suscepisse ; dicere pro aliquo : acri- 
here pro aliquo (of composin g a writtsn 
apology) : aliiiucm purgare de aliquA re : 
culpam alicujua rei demovSre ab aliquo: 
aliquem defendere de aliquA re : for any 
thing, purgare aliquid (to prove ones t»> 
nooence, the thing being either not done, or 
not being wrong): excusare aliquid (to 
bring grounds of extenuation for a fault 
confessedly committed ; c. g., it having been 
done unintentionally, in ignorance). 

APOLOGUE, apoldgua (— oarrationef 
i^xriofforum, of fables, Cic). 

APOLOGY, defensio (a defense) : par- 
gatio : excoaado [Stn. wider Apolo- 

APOPHTHEGM, aententia : dictum. 
A pUhy apophthegm, elogium (e. g.. Solo» 
nis, Cic). 

APOPLECTIC, morbo, ouem apoplez- 
in Tocant, cerreptus ; apeplexi arreptua : 
apoplccticus ; fl^plectua (dito-nXmcrtKbi 
or dK&wXfiKTOt : Firm. Mathes. : Cm. Aur., 
AeuL) ; paralyOcua (itapaXvriKSi). 

APOPLEXY, apoplexis : apoplexia 
(loss of all on^s Itmos, accompanied witk 
loss qf consciousness : dirtf rAi^K, •I'a, h$ 
Cels.) : paralysis (vaOdXveti) or nenrorom 
remiissio (properly the loss of one side or 
limb ; hut in Cklsiufs time=zevery kind of 
apoplexy). 7b euffer, ScCf, a stroke of ap- 
oplexy, morbo, quem apoplexin vocant, 
corripi ; apoplexi arripL 

APOSIOPESIS, aposiopiflia (QuinL): 
reticentia (Cic). 

APOSTASY, *defectio a sacris : defec- 
tio (apostasla, Sal»., de Gubem. Dei). 

APOSTATE, defector (Tac) : apostita 
(TertuU., SeduL: dmerdrrfi): *de8ertor 
patriffi religionia ; * qui patria sacra abja> 
rat (Krcbs). 

APOSTATIZE, deacere, desciscere ab 
aliquo : * patria sacra deeerere : * Chria- 
tianorum sacra deserere. 

APOSTEMATE, suppurare. 

AP0STP:M£, ) ulcus: apoetSma: ab- 

APOSTUM£,5 acessus. Vid. km- 


APOSTLE, apo8t51ua (Eccl). Acts of 

the apostles, apostolorum acta (plural) or 

rea gcsts. 

APOSTLESHIP, ) apoetolatus (Tert.) : 
APOSTOLATit ) *munuaApoat6U. 
APOSTOLIC, lapostolicus (7*««.): 
APOSTOLICAL, 5 «b ^>o6tdlo or 

apoat&lia traditua. The e^stolia age, 

apoatoUcft ntas (Tbrt). 


APOSTOLICALLl, * apo«tok>nim 

APOSTROPHE, II a rhetorical fig- 
ure, apoatrdphe. (2) || Grammutteal 
mark, apoetrdphdt or -Ufl {Donat.^ Diom.). 

APOSTROPHIZE, aUquem alloqui. af- 
firm appcllare, compeUare [Stn. under 
Accost] romnem orationem in aliquem 
or aliaaam rem tranaducero, conrertere ; 
tranaaucere et cfmrertere. 

APOSTUME. Vid. Apostkmx. 

APOTHECARY, medicamentariiu (a 
preparer of dn/^i, potiotu^ Stc^ Plin.) : 
pharmocopola (drv^'teller, mott^/ tff an 
uinerant vender ; quack) : medicus igtn- 
tral term). An apotkecarj^e $kop^ mc^ci- 
na tabema or medicina onU/ : tabema Ib» 
•tmcta et omata mcdidnaB ezercenda 
cauaA (o/ a toM^tored akop). To be an 
e^totheeary, medicamentariam or medicam 
ozcrcdre, factftaro. 

APOTHEOSIS, apothedda (TVrt. : duo- 

APOZEM, apozfima, atis (JSmiL, Maeer. 
Herb. : d-K^^a, a decoction). 

APPALL, diquem terrftre, exterrfiife: 
terrorem alictd afferre, iniierre, oflerre, 
injicere : incutere : aUqiiem in terrorem 
conjicere : terrore aliquem complftre : 
parorem efiimdere alicui: per te rr ft re, 
perterrefacere aliquem i parore percol- 
lere alicujus pectua. 



APPANAGE (ofapHnce), aHcui prwW- 
ta annua (Suet). 

APPARATUS, apparatio {at aef) ; ap- 
paratus {a» thing). Sometimee qix» ad 
aliquid pertinent 

APPAREL, vestii} vcstltua: cultoa: 
veatia omatua. Jn. veaUtua atqne oma- 
toa. Vid. Drkss. 

APPAREL, v., reatire : conreatire re»- 
te tegere : Teats induere aliquem : vestc 
aliquem amicire. To be appareUed^ vea- 
tlri, amiciri aliquA re. Vid. DxKsa. 

APPARENT, Weeeming, opinatus(Mi. 
^V**^» «• St good, eoHy qmoeed to re- 
ms) : smiulabia, fictua. Jn. nctua et eim- 
ulatua (fnretended: oppoeed to verus) : 
Imaginanus (what it preeent^ hajmene, &.C., 
only inform, tnthout having full validity ; 
imagktary: fret in Liv.^ neque se imagi- 
narua fuicioua eorum ceasuroa ease, 3, 
41) : adtunbratua (sketched in appearance 
only i fagned : oppoeed to verua) : fuca- 
tua, fiicosQf (deeenin^ by a fair appear- 
once ; henee, not genuine : oppoeed to re- 
*■"•)• C^ Specio»\i8 ie never '* teeming,'* 
but ** ainkin^ the eeneet by it» fair exu- 
-*~-» Sometime» apparent may be trant- 


lated (a) fry the adverb fiote. *'An appar- 
ent reconciliation,'* gratia ficte recondli- 
«ta ; (b) fry id quod videtnr neque eat; e. 
g., •• apparent apediency;* ea ouae Tidetnr 
ntilitaa, neque eat; id quod Tidetur utile 
ease, neque est : (c) by ipeciea irttA the 
genitive, ^an apparent advantage,* ape- 
ciea utilitatia. If/ndicfritadJe, p^atn: 
manifeatus, apertua. Jn. promtua et 
apertus, apertua et manifestua : perapicu- 
ua. Jn. apertua et perspicuua : non du- 
bina: certua: eTidena: teatotua (proved 
by evidence) : preaena (already at haid) : 
ante oculoa positut: notua, cognitua 
(known) : luoe clarior. It i» apparent, pa- 
tet, a|>paret, manifostum est, in ociuoa 
incurrit /( i» quite apparent, omnl luce 
or solis luce clarius est [not meridiand 
luoe dariua eat]. Tb make any thing op 
por*^ aperire, patefaccre, palam fi^re. 
To become or be made apparent, patcfleri : 
e tenebria erumpere (of thing» suddenly 
becoming vitible; e. g., a conspiracy). 
JUAn heir apparent, *berea Icgitimua 
(hereditaa legltima, «mm an inheritance 
given to a person hy law, the owner of the 
property having euhsr died instate or, 
made an invalid wilt). 

APPARENTLY, simulate, ficte. Jn. 
ftcte et simulate. [Stn. in Appaxsnt.] 
WPlainlf, &c, ap«rte (suHeetUfdy ; e. 
ff., mentin, adulari ; fiiTftre aiicni) : mani- 
festo (otjectivelu) : et^enter : acilicet, vi- 
delicet (mostly ironiceMjh. Also by rnkni- 
featum est **ApparentUf he is a fool," 
manifestum est, eum ease stultum. 

APPARITION, species (any appear- 
once i e. Km mortal, A]^uX,) f simnkcram 


ranum (Oo., deoeitfiU appearance): van- 
bra (shadoio ; .c. g., mortui. Suet.) : lanra 
(disanbodied soul, as an evil spirit of the 
night) : visum (something seen, a vision : 
also visum aomnii or aomniantis [vid. 
ViaioN]): ostentum: pr9digium: por- 
tentum (astonishing appearance, foretell' 
ingvhat is about to happen). A frightful 
apparition, objecta rea terribilia. Some- 
times species nova atque inaolita. An ap 
parition of the night, Tisum noctnmum : 
species noctuma: m the heaven, phaa- 
nomenon. Spectrum is not Latin in this 
sense i = tUtaXov only in the sense of the 
Stoics : mostellum found only in the sec- 
ond (spurious) argument ofPlauL, Mostel- 
laria. AppuL ha» also occursacxtla noc- 
tium : biutorum formidamina : aepulcro- 
rum terriculament» (terr\/ie spectre» haunt- 
ing grave»). To fear appmition», aimu- 
tocra vana tifti^re : to be disturbed by ap- 
parition», umbria inquietari / see appa- 
rition», obvis» mihi nunt species mortuo- 
rum. II Appearance, adventua (<^ 
proaeh): preoaentia (presence): species. 
A suddeUi ^/parition, repentluua objectua 
(Nep., Hann., 5, 2). 

APPARITOR, apparitor: acoenaua : 
viator (vid. Dia. of Rom Antiq.). 

APPEAL, v., appellare aliquem (to the 
tribune» of the people, the senate, the ent- 
peror, icc^ : provocare ad aliquem (espo- 
dally to the whole people: tribimoa ijlebls 
impello et provoco ad populum, Lie., 8, 
33. Both verbs also stand absolutely) : 
against any body or anu thing, appeUu^e, 
provocare adversua aliquem or aliquid 
(al»o provocare aliquid) : from any body 
to any body, ab aliquo aid fdiquem : to the 
people from a eentence, ad populum prov- 
ocare aententiam: }^eali to witne»», 
&c.: teatari, teatem facere aliquem, &o.: 
to appeal to Heaven, deum teateri ; deum 
invocare testem. || Call loudly upon, 
inclamare aliquem: invocare aliquem. 

APPEAL, «., iqipellatio : provocatio 
[vid. Appkai., v.] : to any body, ad ali- 
quem, al»o alicujua: to any liody from 
any body, ab aliquo ad aliquem : to any 
body against any body or anv thing, ad 
aliouem advorsus aliquem or aliquid. To 
make an appeaX, appellationem, provoca- 
tionem Interponcre (SeawtL, Dig.) : to re- 
ceive or allow an appeal, appellationem 
admittere, redpere (Ulp., I>}g-) ' to grant 
any body an appeal, dare alicui provoca- 
tionem or jus provocationia (adversus 
aliquem). A ma^ietrate or punitlkti^nt 
from which there lie» no appeed, magistra- 
tua, poma aine provocatione. \\An ap 
peal (a» writing), libellua appellatoriua 
(Ulp., Dig.). \\A court of appeal, ♦ju- 
dicium ad quod provocari poteat: *8e- 
APPEAL ANT, ) appellator (Cic): qui 
APPEALER, 5 appellat, provocat 
APPEAR, Wbeeome visible, appar^re: 
in conspectum venire: conspin: ae of- 
ferre, oflferri (to com» in omfs way sud- 
denly) : erumpere (to come forth sudden- 
ly) : existere (cf celebrated persons mak- 
tng their ap pea r ance in the utorld ; in his- 
tory). Sometimes particular modes of ap- 
proach to a country should be usetL, as ap- 
pcllcro navem ad ; e. g., " Two hundred 
years later Pdop» appeared in Argos," ap- 
pellere, oacendere, or e^redi auty be used. 
To appear to a person m a vision, oaten- 
dere se aiicni in somnio ; videri in som* 
nis, per somnum, per qutetem, bi quiete. 
Day appears, dies vemt; illucescit. To 
appear m public^ in publi«mi prodire, 
procedere, egredl : not to appear in pub- 
lic^ domi se tcnSre; pedem domo non 
efferre (not to stir out) : publico car^re 
or abatinere (not to appear in public) : 
odisso cclebritatem ; hominum celcbrita- 
tem fugere (to »hrink from appearing in 
public i to hate a crowd) : eddom appear- 
ing in pubUcy rarus egressu (Tac). 7b 
appear in person, coram or pra^sentem 
adease : to appear at a public meeting, an 
assembly of the people, in concione adease. 
11.7*0 appear (be published), ofabook, 
in luccm edi; *lucem vidSre; * prodire. 
II To appear before a court, in judici- 
um venire : at an appointed time^ se sis- 
tare (of the accused person and his sure- 
ties) ; vadimonium «istere (of a surety : 


omosed to vadimonium deaerero, to far- 
feu his recognizances) : to appear in oourt 
with any bod^, alicui ades«e in judicio (Co 
assist Ami with advice^ countenance, 6i.c.\ 
U Se em, videri : the impersonal form " it 
appears** is mostly translated personally ; 
" it appears as if our friends would not 
come," amici nostri non venturi vidontur: 
" it appears as if we had lost the caustP 
causA cecidisee videmur. To appear tn 
any body's eyes, judicio alicujua ease ; ab 
aliquo existimari ; videri alicid ; esse 
apud aliquem. \\It appears ^:= is evi- 
dent, patet; app&ret; liquet; intclligitur: 
it eaweared fnm many proofs or »ign», 
mulQf emanabat indiciis. || To make it 
appear, that, &c.,doc&Te,etmeei^lywith 
argumentis: demonstrare: firmare, con* 
firmare, etpedally with arffumentis : ett> 
cere, vincere, evincere. Vid. Paovz. 

APPEARANCE, adventus (tgtproach): 
prassentia (pre»e7ice): vadimonium (ap- 
pearance of a svrety m court) : "on tk» 
c^ppearance of the enemy all fled,** * hoste 
appropinquante omnea terga vcrtcrunt 
II That which appears, res objecta 
(what is presented to the eye», Cic, Aead^ 
2, 12, 38) : visum (what i» »een, a sight, a 
vieion) : species (a form one believe» oni» 
»tHfto have seen, whether when awake or in 
a dream) : simulacrum (an image of the 
fitncy, which, bearing a resenAIance to 
some particular otfject, is supposed to be 
seen by a waking person. But spectrum 
= tJSwXov in the sense of the Sioirs) : os- 
tentum: prodigiom : portentum (prodigy ^ 
portent^. A sudden appeai;ance, repentf- 
nus objectus. An alarming Appearance^ 
objecta res terribilis. An itnwsual ap- 
pearance, species nova atque insolita: 
also facies insolita (Sal., Jug., 49, 4). An 
Mpearance in the heavens, phaenomteon. 
Sometimes quie fiunt may do (e. g^ quaa 
mari coelovc -fiunt). 7*o nuJu on£s op- 
vearanee on the stage, in scenam prodire. 
f j Personal appearance, habitus corporiii 
II Appearance, opposed to reality, spe- 
cies: to put on the appearance qf any 
thing, speciem alicujus rei pra^bdre; 
simulare aliquid (to put on an appearance 
hypocritically : also aimulare with quasi 
and subjunctive, or accusative and infini- 
tive): spcdem alicujus rei induere: to 
have the appearance of any thing, spociem 
alictOiu roi habdre (nf things) ; speciem 
alicujus rei pro se ferre : similitudincm 
qnandam cerere epeciemque idicujus (of 
persons), m appkaaancc, specie : in ape- 
ciem (opposed to reapae) ; verbo : verbo et 
simulationc (opposed to revera, re ipsA). 
Sometimes simulate : ficte et simulate. He 
only put on the appearance of madness, aim- 
ulavit se furere ; simulavit furentcm. J% 
pretended to defend him to sm)e appear- 
ances, speciem aefensionis prebuit First 
tmpearances are deceitful, prima frons de- 
«pit (Phadr., 4, 1, 4). To judge by irst 
appearances, dHuaicare aliquid ex primA 
^onte. II Under the appearance (=s 
pr ff( ez(, pr etc n c 0, specie, per speciem : 
nomine (under color of) : simulatione : 
per aimulationem (under cloak of: sub 
pnetextu or obtentu not classical). Jn. 
simulatione et nomine : fronte or iu fron- 
tem (opposed to pectore). Jn all ap- 
pearance, baud dubic. But mostly bu 
eircumlocvtion wiUi verisimilis or 'videii. 
In all appearance (or, to ail appearances), 
he will not come, vcrisimillimum est rum 
non venturum; or, non vcnturus vidctur; 
or, vereor ut vcnturus sit To all appear- 
ances, a war is at hand, bellum immiii^re 
or exars&rum esse vidctur. || To obfcrv 
the appearances of the sky, de ccbIo scrvare 
(of augurs). 

APPEASABLE, placabHis. To show 
himself appeasable, placabilem inimicis le 
prajbfere, se prsstare. 

APPEASABLENESS, placabflitas : in- 
genium placabilc : animus placabiUs : ani* 
mus ad deponendnm ofl^onsionem molliai 

APPEASE, placare (general term to 
pacify ; c. g., numcn divinum scelen* vie- 
htum pre<nbu9 : iram deorum : bostrs roi- 
publics^) : expiare (to appease by atpiatory 
rites : numrn ; mnnes) : mitignre, Ittiire (to 
soothe, to soften down ; nteum tihi ordinem 
aut reconcilios aut mitiges, Cic.). To ap- 
pease any body who is angry with anotkoTi 


fliiuiui atts^lofl in aliqneni offeiiiioreBi 
t9CcX&gBre: to mpotau mny hodf toward 
amodktTj placare Miquem alicut «r in «U- 
mem ; afiqnem com oliqao, or aUqnem or 
•aeajos «nimntn «Ucui reooncillare ; all- 
ifoteax cum aUqoo reoonciliare. JH Tit mp- 
ftmm omit kuu^tr or thirot, £uD«m 
•r «itim ejcptera or depellere (depnlwire 
more poeti<Mt) : dtfm reprimora. 

APPEASEMENT, placatio (ao act) : ree- 
floeiliato coBCordis or grade : gntia reo- 
oneUiata: reditna in gradam. 

APPEASER, recondllaior gratl» (a/k<r 
Li»^ 35, 45, 3 : eompore ApjmL, ApoC^ p. 
Stf, AgriinML, pc^raU recoadhator). 

APPELLANT, ^MUator {Cic, Verr^ 
i A, 14^ : qoi appeDat, prordcat || To 
a hattlt: qui prordcat; qoi aHqncm ad 
iwgaaiii, ad certamen prorocat; qoi ali. 
qaem ad pognam erdcat, lacesait, ad cor 
laiBcu ffBciti 

APPELLATE, ^neroon mppealed 
%finMty qoi appeilator (de atiqtiA re). 
8owudmtu reaa. H Eufrtaininf mp- 

^jodichmi ad qmoa proro^uri poteal; 
*aenatii9 prorocadoanm. 


APPELLATIVE. An appMatkH, ro- 
eabolnm (= **nomen appeUadrxmi**). 

APPELLATORY. **TkemjqteUator9 Ih 
Ur iAMt), libeUna appeUatoiiiu (JJtpX 


APPEND, addere: aiymigere: adjicere, 
agghrinare (rid. Add]. \^ Not ap- 
pendera, wktA i» to **weurM omC* any 
cUa# to oMtf hodf ; to ** weigkj* 

APPENDAGE, acoeaiio (acoeaotooem 
aetjongere «adibiiB, Cic ; miaima acoeuio 
lemper Eptroa regno Maoadooi» ftiit, 
Lie.): adnilamemtum ; appendix (vidit 
ipppindicem animi e»m corpoa, CUc j ex> 
igvam appendicem Etroaci belli confl- 
eere, X».). A tmall ^pendajfe^ appen- 
dkala ; qoaai qosdam ^pendknila alico- 

APPENDANT, qoi (qua*, quod) alicni 

iri luBRt, adhflBareacit, Stc Often by auna 

(e^ or illomm) ; proprtua aana, or ejus, 



APPENDICATE Vld. Afpbivd. 

APPENDICATiON, a4Jimcdo, appod- 
doL ^Appendix. Vid. Arrmruam. 


APPERTAIN. Hft«I»»^; ofrtriapoo- 
Bttaion ; eat aUqidd alic^^u (not aUcni) : 
aiqnis poeaidet aliqnid. Tkia mppertoin» 
la «•«, hie meoa eat [So abeayt the poo- 
Willi pronouM^ not tie datiee of the per- 
$amml om.) iBtlong^ relmte to, &c^ 
perdn«read aljuqnid: ^icctare ad alioidd : 
rderri or reiervDdam eaae ad aliqnid. il 
peniaeL Often 6jr eaae with the genieht. 
I To be due to^ deberL 

APPETENCE, appedtna: appeddo: ap- 
petenda. Vid. Appbttts. 

APPETITE, appetftoa: iqipedtio: ap- 
petenda {etrit/ing after any thing { in- 
mhutim longing for it) : cnpiditaa : cu- 
pido {the latter mare poetieal) : ariditaa 
igrtedy deeirg) : Vbido (a naturai^ wtontUf 
tenenei, denre ; loot: liUdinea, unbridled 
dee iiu, iMMt»)'. deaideiiam (longing de- 
eireaecompamiBdhfaeenaeofwanty, Vid. 
DctiBB. H Deeire of eatings dbi cn- 
pieBtaa, arriditaa or appetenda: dbi ap- 
peteodi ariditM (In (ML appedtna) : 
ianea (kmngery. Want of appetite, fagd- 
itam; dbi aadetaa (mAc» one «a fkU). 
To have an appetite, cibom appetere : to 
bate a good appetite, to eat «tM appetite, 
Bbrafier dbom anmere (of an MeaHd) ; 
Bbaoter coniara (general term t but of a 
Bortiemlar inetanee, not of the Aofrtt) : to 
met no appetite, * dbom naddire : to have 
no more appetite, aadatnm eaae, dbi aade- 
Me teneii: to create or produce an appe- 
tim, appetendam dbi facere, praatare. in- 
vkara. Wine ereatee an appttitej dbi ap- 
petenda inTitatnr rino. To giiee my boitf 
an ^petile(;s make kiemotitk watery, Btdi' 
▼am alieid morftre (Sen.). To get an ap- 
ptke bf walking, famem amhnlando op- 
■ooare. To recover onefe anpetiu, get a 
frtMk appetite, arfditatem cibi appetendl 
rerocare. To fati to with a good appetite, 
iategram tnxaan ad dbom afferra. 


APPETrnON, appeddo: appetiCaa : 

APPLAUD, plandcre, applaadare alieui 
or alieui rd; applandere et approbare 
aliquid. To a^ttaHd any bodp loudly, 
maximoa plansaa alieui imperture. ' Vid. 

APPLAUDER. laudator (praieer, gen- 
eral term) : praMiiOKtor (vaunter, one who 
praieea publicly): proco (the herald of 
any bodfepraiae) : buodnator (trumpeter; 
wiUi contempt, e. g., alicujna exiatimadon* 
ia): (q>probator (approver, Cic). Pliny 
ueee mplauaor. 

APPLAUSE, plauana (^)plauee mani- 
feeted by dapamg kamde)'. aedaznatio, 
damorea (applauee m a nij eet ed by ekeere, 
Stc. ; aecbunatio eepedaUy of the people 
greeting afaoorite, in the hietorianet for 
tn (^ it u a cry of dieapprobation). 
in. planaua damoreaque : lana, landes 
CproiM). To receive any body or any thing 
wUh applauee, probare alioutm or aUquid 
approbare, oomprobare aliquid (approve 
of) : laudare aliquem or aliquid (praiee). 
Jff. laudare et comprobare aliouid ; ali- 
eui ^plttudere: plananm aUcui dare or 
impertnre: applandere et approbare ali- 
quem or aliouid : plauau, planau et dam- 
ore proaequi aliquid. To receive or greet 
any body with clamoroue qpptauoe, damore 
et Todbus alieui aatrepere: any thin^, 
magno clamore qpprbbare aUquid. Wuh 
or amid loud apwtuee, cxxm planaibua 
clamoribuaque. To court ap^auee, lau- 
demrenari; aaaenaionem capiare. Amid 
tiu applause of the whole province, plau- 
dentD toti prorindA. A «KHraittr of ap- 
plauee, admnrmnratio. 

APPLE, m&lum (properly apple and all 
ehnUarfpuiUi e. ff., opplee, pomegranatee, 
peachee, lemons, out not peare) : pOmnm 
(general term for any edible fnm). Ap- 
fiee that have been gathered, melueaictlru 
\oppoeed to cadlra, fallinge) : applee far 
y re ur v i ng, mala condidra. The core of 
an apple, rolva mali, pcmi (8crib., Larg., 
104, end). II Pupil of the eye, pupOla, 
pupilla : (ae term of endearmene) oculus, 
ocelluB. To love any bode ae the apple of 
on^e eye, aliquem in ocmia ferm or gea- 
tare ; ^guem ocuHcua amare (Com.). 

APPLE-SAUCE, * puhnentum ex malia 
APPLE-TREE, mahia: poraua. 
APPLE- WOMAN, pomiia. 
A PPL! ABLE ViX Appltcabls. 
APPLIANCE. Vid- Application. 
APPLICABILITY, usua: udlitaa (eero- 
iuabUneen for apurpoee). 

APPLICABLE, ad usum aocommoda- 
tufl : udlis. To be applicable, uaui ease ; 
uaam babftne: applicable to him 
(L e^ can be tilled to him), hoc ad eum 
perdnet ; hoc in eo ralet or in eum cadit 
Not to be applicable to any thing, alienum 
eaae, abborrdro a re. 

APPLICANT, circumlocution with verb 
" to apply :** qui rogat (aliquem aUquid) ; 
qui peat, poacit, contendit (aliquid ab ali- 

APPLICATION, ||«#«. usua: uaurpa- 
tio (act of ueing in a particular inetanee) : 
a bad application, abuaua. To admit of a 
wider application, ladua pat^re. || Ap- 
plication of mind, animi attentio 
(Cic), oftencr intentio (act of directing Vu 
thought» to any thing) : (UHgentia (care 
with tcAieA one attende to any thing: oo- 
poted to indiUgenda). In Ctc applicaao 
animi i» the attaching of the mind to an 
object with affection. To make a practi- 
cal epplioation of any thing, aliquid ita 
tractare, ut id ad uaum trinsferaa. All 
the applicatione of an art, onmia, que aU- 
quA arte effld poasimt H Application 
(zsparticular uee) of a word, muet be Irane- 
lated by circumlocution with veibo uti (not 
▼erbum uanrpare, adhibtfre): aubjicere 
aententlam rocabnlo; Yocabulo aUouid 
aignificare, dedarare. 7b uee a word in 
a rare appUeatUtn, T e t bu m doettuacflle 
ponere. " Cicero, too, make» a eimilar 
ampHeetion eftke word," item conaJmlHter 
(}icero Terlx) ioto utitnr. " Ofcero itaea tJla 
word in a contrary application,** condra 
▼alet qunm Cioero— ita didt V^ Pod- 
do dicdonia i» not Latin. || Petition, 
▼id. JUAct of applying, eireuatloctt- \ 


' tion bf pattieipie admotua. ** Ar tila ap^ 
I plicetton of kerb»,** admotia herbis (aUk 
j mam admotii fugientem anadnet herbk, 
' Ov.). II To make tke application (e. 
g., of a tale), interpretaii aiuquid. 

APPLY. U to make a particular u»9 
of any thing, ud aliquA re: any thing 
to any thing, adhibire aliquid alieui rd, 
or in re, or ad aliiinid (to uee U for any 
thing) : coUoeare in re : inmenddre in or 
ad aliquid: confiEirre ad diquid (epend 
tq»n). To apply remediee to a diaeaee, 
adfaibdre remedn morba H To make 
u»e of a» relative or auitable to 
tomething, tranaferre in rem: tradu- 
cere ad rem : accommodare ad rem. To 
t»>ply what wae eaid to antf» »M, * aliquid 
de ae dictum putare ; * aliouid de ae in- 
terprefarL To apply a tale. Sec, inter- 
pretari aliquid; de aliquo or aliquA ra 
dictum putare. f) Apply one thing to 
another, odmovcre aliquid alieui rei or ad 
aUquid (general term to move one thing to 
another f e. g., ad ignenQ: apponere ad 
aliquid (e. g., manum ad oa). H To ap- 
ply one's self to a taek, 6ui., dili^en- 
dam adhibere, induatriam locare, atudi« 
um collocare in re: fo afipty on^» eetf 
very diligently to a taek, magnum atudium 
etmultam operam conferre ad aliquid. 

APPLY, nrni., || to be applicable. 
To apply to any body, ad aliquem pertt- 
n£re ; in aliquem caderc ; in aliquo valAre. 
II 7>» upply to (=make application to): 
ccmfu^re, perfugere, refugere, ad ali- 
quem (fy to for help) : ae converter»» or 
c<mferre ad aliquem ; adlre or conrei^rs 
aliquem (to turn to, go to any body) : ae 
applicare ad aliquem (amach on^s self to 
any body for protection: also for infor- 
mation) : rogare aliquem aliquid ; petcro, 
poacere, contendere aliquid ab aliquo; 
anpplicare alieui pro i«. 

APPOINT, II fix, statuerc, conetituere: 
deatinare (fa, determine) : deeignare (imirk 
out). Jn. conatituere et doHiffnare: di- 
oere (any, fee, by word of mouth) : eligero 
(choose ; fkt upon hy choice) : finire, de- 
finire (jfx by assigning the limits ; hence 
dedare, fee So circnmacribcre) : convdnit 
inter noa (seldom convenimus inter noa ; 
we agree together, &c.). To appoint a 
day, diem statoore, conaddiere, dicere, 
cligere : b^orehand, diem pneedtuere, 
prirflnire : to ^tpoint a tiate, tempua ctt- 
cere, desdnare : to appoint a time for the 
assault, adeundi (ecu, castra) tempua de- 
finire : to appoint time and place, temputf 
et locum coudicere : to appoim a pretty 
diMant day, diem aada laxam statuere : to 
appoint a doe for the marriage, eligers 
nuptianun diem; nnptiaa in diem ccm- 
sdtnere: a day for the execution, diem 
nocia deetinare attcuL To appoint a law, 
legem aancire. 7V> appoint any body 
wages, merc«dem alicni conadtuere: a 
residence, drctmucribcre locum babitan- 
di alieui : the bounds of his kingdom, ter« 
minare flaea imperiL To appoint any 
body amis kekr, aliquem heredem inatf- 
tuere ; aliquem henedem teatamento acri- 
here, faoere; aliquem heredem nuncu- 
pare.(L e., to name him a» euch before wit- 
neesee). To lapeint any body (king, Su.), 
conetituere ulqnem (regem. Sec) : to ap- 
point any body Ae keater of anotket, ap- 
ponere diquem cuatocwm idici\)u8 : to ap- 
point any body tke guardian of another, 
tutorem aliquem aHcui conatituere (qfm 
princei) : teatamento aUouem alieui tuto- 
rem inadtuere (of a father appointing by 
wiU). Sometimes negotium aUcui dare, ut, 
Sic. ^ To appoint €my body to an office, 
conadtuere aliquem aUcui munere ; pn» 
ficera or pneponere aU^aem mnneri ; 
mandare or deferre alieui piunus : to ap- 
point any body to succeed to another, ali- 
quem in alicqjua locum aubadtuere d^ea- 
eral term) ; aliquem in aUci^lua locum 
aubrogare, aufflcere (to dtoose any body 
to enoeeed another who had died before tk» 
expiration qfkis qffios, Ac. : Aibrogare ^ 
tkepropoeer, msMoen eftke peoide). \\To 
appoint any body or any uing to or for 
any body or any thing, deatinare alieui 
aUqidd or aliquem (e. g.. aliquam vira 
uxorem). || To appoint (= intend) 
any body or amy thing to or for any office, 
fau^ purpoee, &c deatinare ad aliquid «p 




aUeni rd ; designare ad aliquid (nark out 
for): seponerd alicui rtii or in aUqnid 
(to $et apart for). \\ To he appointed 
(=z destined to any thing hy y»'). alicui 
rei or ad rem natum eBso : fato fieri ali- 
mild. "At» appointed to ail men once to 
oie," &C., ed lege or hoc fato nati suznua, 
nt, &C. ; ita a naturtl general sumiUL ut» 
&c. \\Fiz that a person should be 
present at such a time or place^ ali- 
quern adesso or venire jubere. " To ap- 
point any body to appear at Rome early in 
the following spring" inito proximo vere 
KomcB aliquem aoefifle juMre i *^ to ap- 
point that a person should come back to 
one," aliquem ad se rererti Jubore : to 
appoint a place or (me, condicere tempus 
et locum (coeundi. Just.). || Well ap- 
pointed, inatructus: omnibus rebuB or- 
natna atmie instructua. Vid. Equip. 
APPOLNTER, constitutor (Qiant,Zac- 

fOfU V 

APPOINTMENT, II «tipttZatton, Vid. 
AoRJCEBCKNT. Coustitutum. To haoe an 
appointment vith any body^ habere consti- 
tatum cum aliquo (e. g., cum podagrd, 
unthdu^outiC\<xcOtplaMfuUy). To make 
an appointment toith any body, cum aliauo 
mihi convenit, ut We made an appoint- 
ment, inter nos convenit, ut, Sec. Accord- 
ing to appointment, ut erat conatitutum : 
ex pacto : ex convento : ex conventu. 
n Order, juasua : jiusum : mandatum : 
prsceptum. [Vid. Command.] Accord- 
tng to any body's aj>pointment, jusau or 
auctoritate alicujua ; jubcnte aliauo ; also 
by jusaus ab aliquo : sometimes by ab ali- 
quo only (as in Athenienaea, a quibua 
erat profectua, Ifep., MUl, % 3, Dahne). 
^\ Equipment, 'no. \\ Allowance, via. 
I A ct of appointing, constitutio. || To 
keep an appointment (=appear atan 
appointed day), ad diem aoeaae or aiatere 
ae, or aieti 

APPORTION, aasignare: dispertire : 
diatribuere : impertire : tribuere [stn. m 
Allot.] : deacnbere (if set down in writ- 
ing f e. g., Buum cuic^ue munua deacri- 
bere) : dimetiri. Slcnnettme* dingers fdiquid 
ad aliquid: aliquA re diricere aliquid: 
modulari aliquia aliquA re (i c., to bring 
one thing into due proportion to anothef). 

APPORTIONER, * divisor (especiaUy 
of lands to colonists, Cic., Phil, 5, 7, SQ) : 
aadgnator (Vlp.): distributor (Triem. ad 
JEscuL, p. 92, 2^. 

APPORTIONMENT, aaaignatio (e. g., 
agrorum : as act or thing) : attributio : 
perscriptio (of money : the latter by writ- 
ing) : pars (aportion) : diviaio (act of divid- 
ing) : distributio. Vid. Allotment. 

APPOSE. Vid. Question. H Apply 
one thing to another. Vid. Apply. 

APP03ER. Vid. Examiner. 

APPOSITE, anpositufl (ad aliquid : ad 
JudicAtioncm, Cic^ ad agnndum, Cie.) : 
Idoneus (ad aliquid) : accommodatua (ali- 
cui rei or ad aliquid) : conaentaneus alicui 
rci: convoninns alicui rei or ad aliquid 
(suitable to) : aptus alicui rci or ad (diquid. 

APPOSITELY, apte (e. g., dicere, ali- 
quid disponere) : to any thing, ad aliquid 
apte, accommodate or appoaite. 

APPOSITENESS, by ctrcumlocHtion 
with accommodatttm, aptum« idonenm, 
oonsentaneUm esse; conveuire or con- 
grucrc (alicaii rei or cum aliqud re), &c. 

APPOSITION, adjuncdo : appositio (e. 
g:, exemplorum): adjectio, or by parti- 
ciple, adrnotus, iqipositns, adjectua. || In 
grammar, *appoaitio, quam grammatici 

APPRAISE, «Bstimare (general term, to 
value). Censure was the act of the censor, 
Ac, valuing property with a view to taxa- 

APPRAISER, iBStmiator. Valuer of 
property with a view to taxation, censor. 

APPRECIABLE, circumlocution by toa- 
timari poaae. 

APPRECIATE, eaettanaro : sBadmareex 

APPREHEND, Ulay hold on, pre- 
hendere, apprehendere, comprehcnaere 
aliquem or aliquid: with any thing, ali- 
qu& re : prehendere or conmrehendere 
aHquid manibua: manu prencndere or 
reprehendere aliquem (the latter, for the 
vurpose ^ dragging him badtj e. g., a 


soldier fyfing from battle). || 7b arrest. 
Sec, comprehendere (general term): in 
cuatodiam dare : in vincula conjicere 
(^ut in prison) : c ftigft retrahere aliquem 
(\f he was flying). || Seize with the 
minS; comprehend: cs^pere (to take a 
thing) : intelligero (to understand it) : 
(mente) percipere (to take it in; see it 
dearly) : asadqni (to follow it ; hence to 
master it). || Fear, vererl, timbre, me- 
tuere. Vid. Fear. 

APPREHENSIBLE, quod InteUigi or 
mente percipi potest 

APPREHEJfelON, comprehensio (act 
of setting ; of arresting ; e. g., sontinm, 
Cic) : prehensio (in a judicial sense ; e. 
g., jus prehenaiouia habere, of arrest), 
n Mental conception, captua (manner 
of apprehending : in ctassital prose, only 
m the phrase ut est captua alicujus or 
aliquorum) : vis perciniendi (faculty of 
comprehending): Intelugentia (power of 
understanding ; understanding ; post' 
Augusum, inteUectua) : intelligendi pru- 
dentia or prudcntia (the unSrstanaing 
as a faculty, and a dear view into the na- 
ture of things obtained by its means, Cic, 
De Or., 1, 20, 90; and Partit., Or., 8, 29) : 
ingenium (merual powers generally; quick- 
ness, tdlewt»). Quidmess of apprehension, 
celeritas perciuiendi; celexitaa ingeniL 
Q^iek of apprehension, docilis : in idiquo 
eat ingenii dodlitas (easiiy learning) : 
persplcax (seeing dearly through a thing). 
Slow of apprehension, mdodlls : tardua : 
stupidus. To descend to the apprehension 
of ontfs audience, ad intelligcntiam au- 
dientium or auditorum descendere. Suit- 
ed, adapted, Sic, to the apprehension of 
ordinary men, ad senaum populai^m vui- 
saremque or ad commune judicium popu- 
faremqueintelli^endam accommodatua or 
accommodate ; mtelligenti& a vulgar! non 
remotus: to descend to the apprehension 
of on^s pupils, of beginners, ad inteHigen- 
tiam discentium descendere ; ae summit- 
tere ad mensuram discentium (QuinL) : 
to be beyond our apprehension, fugere m- 
telligenti» noatne Vim : to sharpen appre- 
hensions, ingenium or intelligendi pru- 
dontiam acuere. || Notion, opinion, 
Vid. I^ Fear, anxiety, Vid. 

APPREHENSIVE, || quick of appre- 
hension, docilis: perspicax. || Fear* 
fuU Vid. Fkartul, Fbab, v. || Sensi- 
tive, * sensu pnedltus. Also, patibilis 
(e. ff., natura, Cic). &>metimes mollis, 
molllor, * qui facile movetur. 


APPREHENSrVENESS, intelligenda : 
intelligendi prudenda. 

APPRENTICE, discipuhis artifids or 
magistri (v. Cic, De Or., 3, 9, 35) : puer 
discens (both for pupil generally ; the lat- 
ter, if he is a lad under seventeen) : tiro 
(one st^l a beginner in his art) : tabem» 
alimmus (pupU, lad, &c., of a handicrafts- 
man or atopke^er; e. a., tabcmes au- 
trincB ahxmnua, a shoemakei's apprentice). 
VW ^one of these words fully express 
our notion of an apprentice : perhaps * ab 
aliquo in disdplinam receptus, or a^ ali- 
quo in discipUnnm aollemni ritu receptua. 
To receive a lad as onis apprentice, * pu- 
erum soUemni ritu in disdplinam red- 

APPRENTICE, r., *pueram tradere 
opifid in discifilinam (of the father, &c) : 
* dare puerum in tabernam opificia. 
APPRENTICEHOOD, ) annus 6r anni 
APPRENTICESHIP, 5 diadplinie. 
To serve one's apprenticeship,* tirociuium 
ponere, deponerc. 

APPRISE, doc&re (general term, to in- 
form, teach) : edoc6re (to impart sufficient 
Information about a particular Circum- 
stance) : monere (to erivt information by 
way of warning) : all these aUquem, ali- 
ouid, or de re : cerdortm facere aUqncm 
de re or alicujua rei. To be apprised of 
any thing, ccrdorem fieri de re ; edoceri 
aliquid ; cognoscere rem. 

APPROACH, II o/per»o»«: aocedere 
ad aUquid : appropinquare ad aliquid or 
alicui rd: adventare (absolutely, to ap- 
proach rapidly ; especially qf an enemy tn 
the historians) : auccedere aliquid, ad or 
sub aliquid (draw neat to graduaUy). 7b 


approach (of a general), copias adducere, 
(^ropiua) admov^re (e. g., ad mrbem). 
II Qf time: appropinquare: ^)petere: 
adventare (L e., wuk rapid steps): immi- 
n^re, instare (to be at hand ; of a threat- 
ening <^proaeh): prope adeaae ; auboue 
(to be near). The time approaches when, 
prope adeat, t^uum, SuC. : the seventh dam 
was approaching, appetebat diea septi- 
mxL»: to have approached on^s tightieth 
year^ prope ad octogesimum annum per- 
venisae. || To come near to, resem- 
ble, prope accedere (ad) ; accedere ad 
simihtudmem alicujua rci ; non multum 
abcsae (a) ; simile esse alicujus. 7*o ap- 
proach the truth, prope accedere ad veri- 
tatem ; non multum abeaae a veritate ; 
simile esse veritatis. 

APPROACH, TJL, admov«re aliquid ali- 
cui reL 

APPROACH, «., appropinquatio : ac- 
ceaaus : adventua : aucceasua (gradual 
approach; e. g., of enemies): appidsua 
(rapid approach ; e. g., of ships). Sudden 
approach, adventua repentinua, improvl- 
sua: unexpected approach, interventua, 
superventus (Tac, Mist., 2, 54, 1) : simili- 
tudo (cqtproaeh in the way qf resemblance). 
The approach of the sun, appulsus solis : the 
approach of death, mortis f^propinquado : 
at the approach of death, morte appropin- 
quanta : at the approach of night, nocte i4>- 
peteute; sub noctem (Mot nocte). \\Access. 
(I) As place, aditua: to close all the ap- 
proaches, omnes aditua claudere, inter- 
cludere, prsadudere, obatruere. (2) Lib- 
erty of approaching, aditua: to be 
easy of approach (of persons), aditua ad 
eum est facilis. Vid. Accsaa. i| Ap- 
proaches (of a besieging army)must be 
translated by opera (works). To make 
approaches, opera urbi admov^ro : urbem 
operibus ag^edi. 

APPROACHABLE, patens ; facOia ac^ 
cessu (qf places) : ad quejn faciles sunt 
aditus (of persons). Vid. Accessible, Ao- 


APPROAC^MENT. Vid. Appeoach, a. 

APPROBATION, probado: approbar 
do : comprobado (approval) : asaensio or 
asscnaus (assent) : plausus (applause) : 
asecntatio (hypocritical approbation; in 
good sense, post-Augustan^ : acclamado : 
damores (cries qf approb^ion; but in 
Cicero, acclamado is a cry of disapproba- 
tion.) Jn. plausus clamoreaquc. To re- 
ceive any thing or any body with approba- 
tion, probarc aliquem or liquid ; appro> 
bare, comprobare aliquid (approve) : ali- 
cui applaudere, plausum alicui dare or 
impertire ; ^plaudcre et improbare di- 
quem or aliquid; plausu, plausu et cla- 
more prosequi aliqtiid (to applaud it) : aa- 
sentire, or aaeentiri alicui, or alicm rd ; 
alicui -assentari, eufiragari, asdpulari, al- 
bum calculum adjiccre alicui rd (vote for 
it: the last Pliny). To express unani- 
mous approbation of any thing, consensu 
et un& voce approbare aUauid. Not to 
give, to withhold, one's approbation^ assen- 
sum (also with a re) rcdnerc, cohibere : 
sustinere se ab aascnsu : to express clamor- 
ous approbation of any body, clamorc et 
vocibus alicui astrepcre : to express appro- 
bation loudly, magno damore approbare 
aliquid. 7b receive, or be honored tnth, 
approbation, approbari : any body's appro- 
bation, probart aliciU or ab aliquo ; alicui 
placgre : general approbation, omnibus 
probari or plac^re; ab omnibus laudari; 
omnium aasensu comprobari. With clam- 
orous expressions of (Approbation, cum 
plauaibus clamoribusque. 7b meet with 
no approbation, improbui ; diaplic^re : « 
sptecn is received without any approba- 
tion, orado friget 7b court approbation, 
aasenaionem co^tare ; landem venari. 
II £iAtfi^ /or, amor: studium alicujua 
rei : proclivitas nd aliquid (of a bad in- 
clination for) : indinado aniixii or vohm- 
tada ad aliquid. ||^tte«tatton, adfirma- 
do : confirmado. (7b do any thing) in 
approbation of( confirm) any thing, 
ut rem testimonio confirmet, St.c., or by 
other circumloeution with fidem alicui rei 
adders ; aliquid testimonio coufirmarc, 

APPROOF. Vid Appkobatton. 

APPROPERATE, approperare. 




Vid. ArpmoACB. 
aUcni «liquid 

(neognhekaskUpropatff) : dicare, dedi- 
cafe alicQi aliqvid (i^tpr^ariate «xprtB^tif 
to ««f kxfo, wkeUur to mgodortom man») : 
•Uqiiid aacu^ faoere (aliquid meam, 
tnmn, Ac^ noere for oeeoud and third 
fertotuf): aUqcdd aucid proprivm tradere 
{Ge^ to ddieer U to kirn for hi» own) : ali- 
qaid alien! proprinm fiMsere {Hot!): aa* 
cme, oooaecrare (fo dedicate to a god). 
I To approprimtt to on^$ oelf^ auiquid 
mnm noere : aliquid aibi or ad se Tiadi- 
care ; dUo^ rindicare aliquid (Co eUim o» 
om^M vropertM^ whether jnothf or noi) : io se 
immerre anquid (to ap p r o pr i ate it nn- 
Juetbf): em p a c ribieJiqiM (to claim pro- 
tmmpinouabi wkal doe» not bdong to otU) : 
samere or Maiinirrri tibl aliquid (to take to 
•n/ie aOS wkat doee not rigktfuUy belong 
to oeU) : aibi inacribere aliquid (ofgioing 
to emit atifa title or charaeter ; e. g., nomen 
pUloat^hi) : occupare aUquid (ofeeking 
OMf tkmg before another who wught wieh 
to do the omeU) : iibi uzd aliquid tdbuere. 
TV appropriate to on^e eeif a part of anf 
fUa^. partem aUcujus rd ad ae Tindicare: 
aliqvid ex allquA re aibi arrogare (e. g^ 
of another wum*8 merit, ex alicniA laude) : 
aKqnid ex aliquA re ribi deoerpere (e. g., 
ex aUcujufl lande). 7^ noblee appropi i - 
eted to themedvee three magietracieo, trea' 
magiatraciw nobflitaa aibi tumsit 

APPROPRIATION, aaaignatio (allot- 
ting, aUoOnent, with agrorum ei pr eo ee d or 
nnderetood) : addictio (e. f^ bonorum) : 
eonaecratio (religioue dedication ; proba- 
bbf poet- Augmetan, for in Cic^ BaHb., 14, 
33, tf Mtme to be a gloee : sacratio, late^ 
Maerob.): dedicado (dedication; e. g., 
teoiq>li, sdls; aleo, the beginning to op- 
propriate any thing to a particular tue ; 
e. £., patb ve , SneL). 

APPROVABLE,probab{lia; laudabOIi, 
Inde dignna (deeerving praise) : pnedi- 
etfiilis (deeerving to be extolled). 

APPROVE, prdbare aliquem or aliquid : 
approbaie, comprobaro iQiquid: landare 
(to praiee) : pnadicaro (to extol) : asaen- 
tire or aaeenttri aUcui rei (aerent to) : 
albnm calculum a4iicere alicui rei (PUn,, 
tou far H) : ratum habere (to recognize 
ae valid ; e. g., IJU aeu of a governor, SiC. : 
•f a law, oometimea jub^re). Td apprxme 
of what has been done^ probare ea qua) 
Beta aunt. See more undtr Appboba- 
TtON. H 7b approve ontfe eelf to anjf ^dy, 
m aiknd profa«rc. To approve on^e »e{f 
faithful, Scc^ ae fidum prsstare, prwb^ro. 
I To prove, probare aliquid ahcui, &c^ 
Vin. H Approved, to be, probari alicui 
or ab atiquo : placSre alicui ; laudari (to 
be praieedy Ac.) : aatiafacere (to eatifff). 
More under Apvuobatios. \\ Approved 
(■=tried and allowed to be eo): probatus ; 
q»ectatu«; apectatna et probatus; specta- 
tua et cognitua; apectatua Jam et diu 
eognitna; confeaaus (allowed). A man 
of approved virtue, integrity, &Cm homo 
probatus or spectatns ; homo virtute cog- 
altft ; Tir spectat» integritatia. 


APPROVER, approbator (e. g^ pro- 
fectifmia mea», Cie. : oppoeed to suasor ct 
impolMir) : probator (e. g., focti, Cic) : 
comprohator (e. g., auctorttatia ejus et iu- 
TeaDoois, Cic.) : laudator (praieer). \i Ap- 
prover, in law^ muet be translated by the 
genrral term index (^arm^r). 

APPROXIMATE, »., intb. Vid. Ap- 
raoAcB,nrrB. HTb. Vid. Appboach, tb. 

APPROXIMATE, propinqnua: proxi- 
ZRoa. Sometimes by circumlocution wUk 
prope aceodere ad aliquid ; non multum 
abesse ab aliouA re. 

APPROXIMATION, aporopiAquatio : 
arceaaua. [Vid. Appboach.] To bean ap- 
prrrdmeeAfn to any thing, (prope) acoe- 
drre ad aliquid; noa multum abeaae ab 

APPULSE, appulaus (Cic). 

APRICOT, prunum Armcni&rum ; aleo, 
Anneniacum or Armeoium only. An 
eprieot-tree, Armeniaca. 

APRIL, Aprllia, wkk or without menidf. 
Ihefnti of April, Kalenda» Aprilea. Tte 


j(/U qf Apriiy None Aprilea. Tb make 
any body an April fool, ludibrio habere 
ali<^m. April weather, varietaa et in- 
cooatantia tempeatatum ; crebra tempea- 
tatum commutado ; coelum variana. 

APRON, aublb;aculum, si^llgar (cover- 
ing round the lowe) : campestru (worn by 
young pereone engaging naked in the ex- 
ercises qf the Campus Martius : wearing 
euch an apron, campeatratuj) : pnecinc- 
torium (a longer apron : late). A leather 
apron, * pnecinctorium corlartum [not 
ventrale or aemicinctium] . (I If^ ^"«iter^, 
operculum. || An apron-hold, * feudum 

APRON-MAN, opifex. Collectively $ome- 
Ctaua, qui in taberois aunt 

APROPOS, audit die quasao! Apro- 
poe qf any thing, quoniom mcndo hnjua 
rei injecta est (eince thie subject hoe been 
mentimeit) : sed quod mihi in mentem 
venit (but it just occur» to me). To come 
very taropo», opportune venire. 

APSIS, absis or apsis, gen., apaidis 


APT, JKfit, idoneua adaUquid; aptus 
alicui rei or ad aliquid ; conveniens, cbn* 
gruens (unclasMol, comnnius), consen- 
taneus alicui rei or ad aliquid. [Stn. in 
Adapted.] || Inclined to, propensus 
ad aliquid (easily moved to any thing) : 
procUvis ad aliquid : pronus in or ad ali- 

3uid (easily fatting into any thing ; e. g., 
ieeases,r«^e,paseions, &c. Before Tac, 
pronus Only of instinctiee, paesionate, and 
th^efore pemicioue, inclination) : studi- 
oaus alicujus rei (jfbnd of), f^ **Apt 
to do" any thin^, may often be tranelated 
by oo\cve (of (hinge and pereone), aasue- 
visse, consuevisse (of pereone), with injini- 
tive. tl An apt wit, ingenium acutum ; 
docile; excclfena; preeslans; exJmium. 
APT, t». Vid. Adapt. 
APTITUDE VW. Aptness. 
APTLY, apte (e. ff., diccre ; oUquid dia- 
ponerc): ad aliquid apGc, accommodate 
or apposite. Somtiimee convenienter, con- 
gruenter. Jn. apte congmenterqno ; con- 
gruenter convcnienterque : idouce: u>- 

f)Q8ite: comm5de. \\ Aeadily, guiclc- 
y, promte (Tac.) : celeriter, clto (quick- 
ly) : bene, optime (weU). 

APTNESS, II diepoeition, procUvitas 
or animus procllvis (ad aliquid). || Apt- 
nese for learning, ingenium ad aliquid 
aptum or habile; ingcnii dexteritae; in- 
genium docile; docilitas : insenii acumen. 
To have an aptnceefor any thing, habilcm 
or aptum esse ad aUquid : a natvral apt- 
nese, uatum esse ad aliquid. || Fitncee, 
convenientia (apt agreement ; e. g., parti- 
um, rerum) : congruentia (SuH. : morum, 
Augustin.) : habuitas (aptitude for any 
purpose: corporis habilitates, Cic.). 

APTOTES (indedinablts) ; apt6ta 
(iTtTuitn : JHom., Prise). 

AQXJA FORTIS, «aquafortia; *chry. 
sulca (technical term). 

AQUA MARINA, beryUua (aceorSng 
to O. MiUler). 

AQUARIUS, Aquarius. 

AQUATIC, aquatnia (aquatilea bestiie, 
Cic ; aleo, arbores, fruticea, Plin.) : aqua- 
ticus (aquaticiB avps, Plin.). 

AQUATILE. Vid. Aquatic. 

AQUEDUCT, aquie or aouarum ductus. 
Often aqua only ,• e. g., •* the aqueduct of 
Claudiue," aqua Claudia. To makean ajue- 
duct to the tantn, aqunm in arbem dncere. 

AQUEOUS, aquatilis (Moving a watery 
taste, liap^ ; e. g., sapor, succus) : aqua- 
ticus is watery, wet: aquosus, watery, 
abounding in water. 

AQUILINE. An a^uUine noee, nasus 
aduncus. [Aouilinus le, belonging to an 
eagle; eagMtke.] 

ARABESQUES, picturm monstra (t^fler 
Vitr., 7, 5, 3) : renmi qu» ncc sunt nee 
fieri possunt nee fuerunt ima gine s (after 
Vitr., 7, ."i 4). 

ARABLE, arabiUs (Plin., not as a gen- 
eral epitktt of such land: campus nullis, 
cum siccus est, arabilis tauris). Arable 
land, ager uovalis (Varr.), or novaHs (tc 
terra), or novale (ec. solum: all, afield 
or land that must be ploughed). Sometimes 


ARATION, aratio. 


ARBALIST, arciriballiata (Veget.). 

ARBALiaTER, arcuballistariua (Ve- 

ARBITER, arbiter (one who deeidee a 
cause on grounde qf couity, wh^reete a ju- 
dex ie bound to decide by Uae ; also, in all 
the seneee of the En^Ueh worth : discepta- 
tor (o7u who examinee and ceddee upon 
the validity of the grounde alleged; e. j^, 
in disagreemente and verbal dinutes). To 
choose any bodf ae arbiter, aliquem arbi- 
trum or disceptatorcm aumcre: to ap- 
point an arbiter between two parties, aru- 
trum inter partes dare : to act ae (arbiter, 
esse arbitrum or disceptotorem inter all- 
quos: aliouorum controversiam discep* 
tare or dirimere: to be arbiter in a cause, 
arbitrum esse in aliquara : alicujus rei ar- 
bitrium est penes aliquem ; dirimere or 
diaceptare aliquid (to eu^ust or eetOe a 
dispuu) ; aliquid componere (to settle it 
in en amicable way). The dMision of an 
arbiter, arbitrium. || J«d#«, Vzd. 

ARBITRAMKNT. Vid. Abbitbxmxi«t. 

ARBITRARILY, ad arbltrium : ad Iibi- 
dinem; ad voluntatem; ex Ubioine; ex 
voluntate ; insolenter. To form words 
arbitrarily, verba fingere inaolenter (QelL) 
or Ucentius. f5»" Arbitrarily often 
impUee cruelty, deepotie conduct, 
Sec. superbe, crudelitor. To act arbitra- 
rily, crudeliter ac regie fiwere; crude- 
lissime ae gerere : to rule or govern arbP' 
trarily, crudelem superbamoue dominm- 
tioncm exerc6re (after Cic^ PkiU 3, 14, 34). 

ARBITRARIOUS, arfoitrarius (opposed 
to certus. Plant. ; to natmralis, OeU.). 

ARBITRARIOU3LY. Vid. Abbttba- 


ARBITRARY, jj despotic, unlimit- 
ed, abeolute : infinitua (unhounded) : 
summua (highetC) : imperious (in a lord- 
ly, tyrannical wojf). JN. imperiosua et 
superbus: impdtena, against any body, 
alicui (in apaesionate^ unbridled way : of 
both persons and th*ngs) : importunua 
(hard^ showing no mercy or consideration 
for others in ontfs conduct: opposed to 
Clemens). 5(;m«(tmetcrudelis in aliquem; 
sffivus in aliquem. Arbitrary power, in- 
finita or sxmmia potestas ; imperium sum- 
mum ; quum dominatu unius omnia tenen - 
tur; or domini^ only: to possess tabj. 
trary powtr, summo unperio praaditum 
esse. An arbitrary spirit, superbia. || De- 
pending on no rule, capricious: 
arbitrariua (late: dependent on ones own 
will ; e. g., motua, opposed to naturalis, 
GrU.) : * libidine or ex libidine factua 
(formed by one» own will aUme, and so 
eapriciouehf): insdlena (unusual): inso- 
lenter fictus (of words arbitrarily invented, 

ARBITRARINESS, mosCfy fry superbia : 
insolenda: Impotentia. 

ARBTTRATE, || decide judicially, 
disc^tare aliquid : decemere* aliquid, or 
do TO, or absolutely dijudicare aUquid 
(these three ore also used of^arbitration by 
the sword, ferro^ : ^dicaro aliquid or de 
re : decldcre aliquid or de re : statuere, 
consdtuero aliquid. 7b arbitrate m any 
matter, affirmare de re : in a dispute, con- 
troversiam disceptare, decemere, dijudi- 
care : de controversiA decidere, statuere. 
constituere. || Act as arbiter, arbitrl 
partes suscipcre : esse arbitrum or dis- 
oeptotorem (inter aliquos). Vid. " to be 
an arbiter," under AxBrrxB. 

ARBITRATION, arbitrium. To refuse 
any body's arbitration, arbitrum or dia- 
ceptatorem aliquem recusare. To com- 
mit any thing to any bodjfs arbitration, 
rem aUcujus arhttrio permittere: to the 
arbitration of the sword, controversiam 
ferro dijudicare, decemere, disceptare. 
II Decision, dijudicatio, disoeptado (ae 
action) : Judicium, sententia (judicial 

ARBITRATOR. Vid. Abbtpeb. 

ARBITREMENT, arbitrium: aenten- 
tia: Judicium (judi^ sentence) : diacep- 
tatio : dijudicatio (act qf deciding). 

ARBOR, umbraculnm : casa flrondea 
(poetical. Op.). 

ARBORKT, arbuscula (FVw.). 

ARBOREOUS, arfooreua. 

ARBOROUS, arborcua. 

ARBOR- VINE, * canToImlua. 



ARBUSCLE, arbuitala. 

ARBUTE, arbfitiu: nrbfttom (JrwU of 
it } and by metonymy^ the tree). 

ARC, arctiB (<» matkematic»: tegr^itent 
tffa circUy Ac). H Arek, Vid. 

ARCADEjxirticus : ambulatio arcnata 
(JCrafl and Jntrbi^er). 

ARCH, arcus (^renerai term): fandx 
(arck^ arek^way ; bath wed qf trhmpktU 
mrckeeY An arched roof, camera (camera 
lapideis fomicibos Tincta). Ob». Cicero 
oenwre» Ennhu^B fomices cgbU (** the 
arch of heoven'*) a$ a badly choten inu^e. 

ARCH, v., aRnurei^CIrto.): camerare: 
omicamerare (to ardi over; comt with a 
vmulted roofi camerare, pUn. only ; nidos 
camerare ab fanbri) : confomicare {Vi- 
fnto^ ctreh onmr). To be arched, arcoari 
Q^eneral term, to be ardked or ettrved): 
romicatim currari (Plin.) : concaznerari 
(Co be ardUd over; covered vith an arched 
i^oof). II Arched, arcnatus: in fonnam 
arcda incttrvui (Mela) : in apslda cunra- 
tos (PUn.) : camenttoi, concamoratua 
(arched or vaulted over). Sometimee con- 
Tnras, gibbna (moelling ovi). 

ARCH, «., petolana ; lasdma. 

ARCH- (aepr^^) chief (a) In dig. 
nitiee and tillee archi- pr^/bxd, ae in Ar^ 
biehop, ArchieptacopiM : in other word» 
(b), of](0fi ^ aommiia or maximtia (wbhor 
mAout omnimn) : by (c) caput or prin- 
cepa wUhgonitioe; or (d) iy qui tokos ex 
anqoA re nctoa eat^ or veraatui in onmi 
genere aHcnjua rei ; or, laetty (in a few 
worde in Plant., and afterward in Juv.)^ 
hy the Greek prefix tri- . . Tku»^ trifur, 

ARCHAEOLOGY, *antiqaaram Utera- 
fum adenUa : * antiquarom remm sden- 
tia (according ae aapuiinuaice with an- 
cient Uteratnre or with other monumente of 
antiquity i» meant). 

ARCHANGEL, ArehangCIos (EccL). 
I Dead-nettle, galeopMs : lamimn. 

ARCHAISM, verbmn or vocabuhmi ob* 
Boletom, exoletam, ab oin quotidiani ser- 
monia jam din intermisaum : dicendi, lo- 
qnendi ratio obaoleta. 

ARCHBISHOP, Arcbiepiacopua (Cod. 

ARCHBISHOPRIC, arcMepiacoptttoa. 
ARCH-DKACON, arcbidiacdnoa. 
ARCH-DUKE, * arcbidnz. 

ARCH-PHILOSOPHER, aommua pbi- 

ARCH-PRESBYTER, archlpreabjtcr. 

ARCH-PRIEST, aummus sacardos: 
arcbiaacerdoe : arcfaipresbTter (EceL). 

ARCHED. Vid.AaCK,v. ' 

'^ARCHER, aagittariua. A mounted arch- 
eft bippotoxdta. 

ARCHERY, * aagittamm emiaaio : dr- 
oumlceution by aaglttaa mittere. Ae a 
game, *1iuimm id genva, quo \q orbea 
tela coi^iciunt 

ARCHETYPAL, arcbetj^na (Juv.). 

ARCHETYPE, arcbe^^m (f^arr., 
Macr., ipxtTi/kvv in Cie.) : * exemplma 
primum: exemptnm: apedea (ueed by 
Cie. for the Platonic ISia). 

ARCHITECT, arcbitectua (arcbitccton, 
Plaut^ Sen.]. }li Contriver, auctor: 
parena : inrentor : conditor : effector. 
Js. parena eflfoctorque : princeps : arcbi- 
tectua. Jn. princepa et arcbitectua: in- 
rentor et quui arcbitectua : molitor : in> 
atimulator: condtator. Jn. insdmulator 
et condtator. The architect of the world, 
oreatpr or procreator mundi : effector 
mundi molitorque. 

ARCHITECTONIC, arcbitectonlcna 

ARCHITECTURE, arcbifeectura ((}ie.) : 
arcbitectnnioe (Quint.). 

ARCHITRAVE, epistj^Unm. 

ARCBIVARY, ab actia (Ineer.X 

ARCHIVE, tabularinm (arcbium, ar- 
<^rum, grammatopbyladon, poet-daeeic- 
at). Archive», tabolaa publicaa (acta 
puUHca or acta are the record» of the pro- 
cteding» of the tenate, people. Sec : tabu- 
Hnum or taboBum, a place in a Roman 
hpueewhere docum enta ry pap&» were kepC). 

ARCH-LIKE, in formam arcAa incur» 
Tua, &C. Vid, Abchsd. 

ARq,9WISE, \m, iiMmam aroAa : axxma- 
tim (PUn.). 

ARCTIC, aaptowtrionalia (regie, pq;m 


hia, Sic.) : aquilonaria regie ((^, proper- 
ly rdating to the northeaet). [ Arcticua cir* 
ctthia, Hygin., Aetron., 1, 6.) i::^Bore- 
aJiB, undaeeical ondpoetkaL Vid IIobtu, 


ARCUATE. Vid. Abchsd. 
ARCUATION, arcnatio (tml^inFron- 
ARCUBALISTER, arcnbaUiatariua (Fa- 

ARDENCY, ardor (ae. amoria. Tik.)i 
«B^na (offevere, paation», Ac.), via. 

ARDENT, ardena : ferrena or Ibrvidua : 
satuoaua (of raging heat). Ikpbopb., 
calidus : ardena ; fervens or fcrvidua : 
aeer (v^ement, fterce). An ardent temper, 
ingenium ardens or iervidum. \\ Ardent, 
o/ irptrit*^ ftc, fenridua («^ Tina ferrida, 

ARDENTLY, ardenter ; ferventer ; 
acriter: cupide, avide (eagerly). To de- 
»ire ardently, ardenter cupere aliquid; 
vehementer cupere. 

ARDOR, pxopR. Tid. Hsat. bf- 
PBOPx., ardor, fervor, estus (thefirttihe 
weaheet, the laet the ttrongeet : allthreealeo 
with animi, when mental ardor ie meant) : 
impetus (tmmiuoeity). Youthful ardor, 
ardor juvenilia : ardor or fervor astatia. 

ARDUOUS, 11*»^*, Vid. \\ Diffi. 
cult, gravia (heavy) : diffidlia : non facUia 
(d^icuU) : magnna (great) : durus (hard) : 
impedltus (encmnbered with d^jLeuUiee). 
An arduou» ta»kf magnum opus atque 

ARDUOUSNESS, JH keigkt, Vid. 
\\ Difficulty, diQcultaa: negotium (tke 
labor one muet undergo to attain ont^e ob- 

AREA, area : auperfidea (exteneion in 
lengtk and breadth). A email area, tfrcdlh. 
AREAD, ?v,, A«^.- 


AREFACTION, circumlocution by are- 
fado, arefieri. 

AREFY, arefacere (Varr.) : niccare. 

ARENACEOUS, arenaceus (Plin.). 

ARENATION, arenatiQ (Vitr. /or a 
etueeo of »and). , 

ARENOSE, arenoBus. 

ARETOLOGY. Vid. Mobai. (b^Oo^o- 

ARGENT, adi^ argenteus. 

ARGILLACEOUS, argiHaceus (conei»t. 
inar of clay, PUn.) : argillosus (abounding 
with day, f^arr.). 

ARGOSY. Vid. Ship. 

ARGUE, to di»cu»» a queetion: agere 
rem or de re (general term) : diaputare, 
di^aerere de aliqud re (of learned diseu»- 
»ion» : dissercre, mott^f of a continuou» 
di»cour»e) : aermonem habSre de re (di»- 
cue» it in eonvertation) : disceptare aliquid 
or de aliquA re (with a view to the eettlement 
of a di»puie) : to argue at great length, 
mulds verbis diaputare : to argue on the 
other tide, contra diaputare : to argue on 
both »idee of a queetion, in utramque 
partem: on oppotite »ide», in contrniiaa 
partes. II Produce argument», argu- 
mentari (with neuter pronoun or depend- 
ent tlau*e) : docere aripmientis : firmare, 
confirroare argumentis : efficere or evin- 
ccre vello (to wi»h to e»tabU»h an opinion). 
11 ^ccttae, arguere (with genitive, ablative 
Ae,aeeu»ativewithinfinitivf,ornt). (Vid. 
Accuse.) || Prove, infer (transitively), 
probare : evincere, ostendere, doclarare. 

ARGUER, dlsputator (eeldom : once in 
Cie.) : qui disputat &c 

ARGUMENT, t^proof reaeon, argu- 
mrntum: ratio. To bring or aJlute or- 
firttment», argumenta or r^onea afferre : 
to derive argument» from, argumenta ex 
re ducere, sumere, cruere : to r^ect an 
argument, argnmentum mjicere : to pre»» 
an argument, argumentum premere : to 
be an argument, argumento case. Obs. 
An argument for any thing, not argumen- 
tum pro alioui re, but argumentum quo 
aliquid Cisse aemonatratnr, 6cc. To bring 
many argument» for the ezietenee of a Qod, 
mulda argumentia Deum eaae docdre. 
That i» no argument, nullum verum id 
argumentum eat To produce or allege 
many probable argument» for that opinion, 
multa in eam partem probabiliter anni- 
mentari (Liv.). Argumentum i» often 2s/k 
out when an a^jecUve i» needf e,g.,**tke 


»tronge»t argument ftrr tJUs ir,** Ac, fir- 
miss£aium boc affem videtur, quod, Ac. 
(Cie). H Subject qf a diecouree or writ- 
ing, aententia: aententiai (the p r inci p al 
thought or thought») : argumentum (aub- 
Ject matter qf a ^feech, eeeay, Sic, for 
which materia ie never ueed m the da»- 
sic») : aumma (fh» main tubject ; e.g.,qf 
a letter, eonverwation, &c.). N Conicixa 
»uutmed up by way of ab»tract, sum- 
marium: epitome [vid. Abbidokxnt} : 
index (QutiU.). || Subject under di». 
cu»»ion, queastio : controversia : rea 
co^troveraa: diaceptatio. Qften by dr* 
cuwtlocution with cgiod cadit in oontro- 
veraiam or diaceptationem, || Diepute, 
di»eu»»ion, concertatio: diaputttio: 
pugna : controversia. To mahe any thing 
the eubjeat of an argument, rem in eon- 
troversiam vocare, adducere, deducere. 
An argument ariee», oritur certamen or 
controv c raia (de aliquA re cum aUquo). 
To hold an argument about any thing 
with any body, diaputare de aliquA re 
cum aliquo. 

ARGUMENTATION, argumentado : 
al»o ratio (e. g., Cie., DeOr.,fi,SQ, 214). 

ARGUMENTATIVE, perh^e by gravia 
(weighty) : firmua ad probandum, &c 

ARGUTE, argfttua. 

ARIA, * aria. 

ARID, aridua (dry, from an internal 
want of moieture, caused by a heat acting 
within) : tonidus (dru,from being burn- 
ed up by an external heat) : aiccua (dry 
ae u> the surface). Jn. exsiccatua atque 
aridus. Vid.DBr. 

ARIDITY, ariditaa: arltudo: aicdtM 
[8TN. in Abid]. Vid. DBTNXsa. 

ARIES, aries. 

ARIETATION, arietatio (butting Uke a 
ram. Sen.). 

ARIGHT, recte : juate, vere : bene. 
Sometime» sincere, sine fraude. Tojudg» 
or^iU, vere or recte judicarede re. To»ee 
or hear aright, recte vidare, audire. If I 
remember aright, ai bene or recte "^*witii 

ARIOLATION, bariolatio. 

ARISE, (A) PBOPB., Ilsurgcre: exanr- 
gere : oonsurgero (especially of seoerat) : 
se crlgere (to raise one» »df up : of liule 
children trying to rai»e themadve» from 
the ground): from a eeat, aurgere e sellA : 
from bed, surgere, with or wi^ut (e) lee- 
tulo or (e) lecto : surgere cubitu (proper^ 
ly : ex morbo aasurgere, of leaving on^e 
bed afUr a disease) : firam table, surgere a 
coanA; aZ«o poecere calcooa (a»king for 
one» ekoe» as a »ign of intending lo rise 
from table). \\ Mount up on high, ae 
levare (of birds : ae aublimiua levare) : 
levari : aublime ferri : aublimem abire. 
Clouds arise, nebulie levantur in nubca : 
the smoke arise» from Vu cottages, fumua 
evolvitur e tnguriia. A »torm arise», 
tempeataa cooritur : nubilare coepit; nu- 
bilatur. |Mrt««, of the heavenly 
bodie», oriri: exoriri: emergere (of the 
star»; not qf the sun). \\ Ariee (of 
thoughte in the mind), aubire mentom 
or anirnnm ; succurrere. A thought arises 
in my mind, subit cogltido auimum: a 
suspidon arote in mjf mind, inddit mihi 
suspicio ; vcnit mibi m suspicionem (both 
with accusative and ininititee^. || Ariee 
(from the dead), reviviscere. In vitran rc- 
dire : ab inferia exaistqre : ab orco redu- 
cem in hicem fieri (according to heathen 
notione) : ab inf(Sria «cdtari or rcvocarL 
II Arise (= appear gradually) of the day, 
appotere: diesa(^tit; hiceadt; diluooa- 
cit ; illuccscit As eoon a» day aro»e, uhi 
primum iUuxit (b) impb., || come forth, 
appear: prodire (to come forth): exsia- 
tere, se cnicrre (of distinguiehed men) : 
exoriri (agreeing with our '* arise* fn this 
sense: of remarkable person» or tking», 
whether good or bad : libido ; ferrea pro- 
Ics, Sulla, Epicurus, 4cc, de. : ulmr noa- 
tris ex oaaibus, Virg.). || Riee up in a 
rebellion» manner, or againet any 
body, exsurgere contra or adversus ud- 
qucm (Tac) : cooriri in aliquem ; imperi- 
um alicujus detrectare : conanrgt're ad 
bollum, ad bellum cooriri : rebellaro (the 
proper word nfihoee tdto had been eubdued.) 
ARISTOCRACY, || a» an adminia- 
tration, pauoorum et principum admin- 
iatratio. j^As a form ofgoaemment, ejui 


n^pMiem ■tatu, qavm est penes de- 
leetM omninm samma potestM ; optlm*- 
tiam t$MtaM ; ea imperii forma» qui Tis 
OBUiia peae» prizoorea dritatis eat («/Ur 
Xitet., 1, 43). H -^* mrigtpofticml 
ttmtt, reflpobUcii, qotD a priadplbut 
tBDecor; opdmathnn civitaa; dritaa, in 
^pftciTeaperjnincipearegnntar; dvttaa, 
qu» ab optimatilrae (or optimadum artd> 
trio, dc) regitnr; lespublica optoma; 
respnblica, qua» est penea pnndpes. 
I StoAf or poster of an arittooraof^ opti- 
matiam dominatna or potenda ; pofiestaa 
atqoe opea cpCtlnatium. || ** The ari§. 
toermef/* rid. **tke ArittoertU.** 

ABISTOCRAT, ^ de fonder of ari»- 
tocrmcn, qai optiiiiatium canaam agit: 
qrtimaaam fiintor : nobilium amicus : 
nobflitaria fautor or studioana. H The 
•ri»iocr*te^ optimatea; procerea^ prln- 
dpes dritada ; potentiores dye^ 

ARISTOCRATIC, ) qni optimatiam 

ARI8TOCRATICAL. > caosam agit 
{of orutoormtie opmiono ; of the aritto- 
tretk porpf) : * qtiod ad opomattun im* 
perimn pertinet (reiatti^ to arktocrmef) : 
qood ab optioMtibiia profioiadtor ipro- 
cmiSngfrom the arioUKratieat). 

ARI'mMEnC, aritlmietfca, orom 
(,(Xc): aritfameticd, ea, or aridraietica. 
m : Dotitia noineromm (the knowledge of 
mwmhtrt, gmanUy^ <»<at, L 10, 35). To 
•eaefc «Hcmmccc, * aritilunetica proflttri. 
A ttaeket' of etritkmetic, * aritfametioorBm 
HAn arithmetic hoo1t,lSber 

ARITHMETICAU cridimetlcQa. 
ARTTHlfETIC ALLY. To eiaUtin any 
tftia^ arkhmetieaUft nmneria anquid ezr 

ARITHMETICIAN, aritbmedcoa. A 
or escort writhmetiriam, bonus or 
I ratJodnator (^oo<i oatoviotor) : in 
amctida aatis ezerdtatua (.Cie,). 
ARK, |(/roaA'«) arlc, navia. ^Ark 
of the covenant^ * area foBderia oiTinL 
ARM, a. (1, a limb) \\ of men: bra- 
cfajbun O^tMa the hand to the elbow : often 
far tie whole ana, when dietinetion ie not 
««OMaary): laoertos (Jrom the elbow to 
tie ehomder: aJUofor armgenoroUy^ eepe- 
omEbf when Ue ttrength or awtaraiffryy 
if moant): tori (the mmocular erm cfthe 
AAUtit). Relating to the arm, hnddeihM: 
hae Cng atroHg anne,]acaTtx)ena. Wixhhie 
a kimho, ansatna (Ptevc, Pere., % S, 

7) : to earrit anf thing under ontfe arm, 
aiiqaid sab aU portare: what it oarriea 
nnder the arm Q. e~ kahitwtlbf), anbalirls 
(Islam sntMl&rB) iVep.) : to carry a child 
inetUtann.menua in manifans gestare : 
CO take a dUw in onie anaa, puenun in 
manaa acc^re : to eminace anjf bod^ with 
omie arau, aUquem medium complecti : 
to daep in onie araia, arctina amplecd 
attqoem: loovHkinoiaiiibod^eatme^vQaxi- 
imstfici^exc^ Obs. '^anM^ss^en. 
folding arm»;' " ea^bract," ie moetfy to be 
trandated by complexua : to He or been- 
folded in oay bod^t orme, hsBrdre in ali- 
CB>is cflmpJmra; to receive aaifff body in 
onie armOy manibus aliquem ezdpere: 
to reoeiBt «ay body eaiA mm» oms, iibehs 
ac supinifl manibas (ocipio aliquem: to 
die in any body'e oraut, m complexu ali- 
cujus emori or cztremnm Tits gfMtanx 
Adeze; inter aliciOas manus exspinure; 
inter niblenmtis manus exsdngui : to tear 
ehSdren from the arme of thar parent», 
Iberoa e perentnm eomplexu abripere i 
Bberoa de parentom comfriexu arellere 
atqoe abatzidiere: to owpport with one's 
arme, alkpiem susdndre (m walking, get- 
ting into a carriage. Sec) : aliquem col- 
lapaora exdpeie (toraiaeonewho had fall' 
en) : to/ly to any body's arme {forvrotco- 
tion^, ad aliquem confugere ; aficujus 
Mel se committera : se committere in 
idem ec clientelam aKc^ius (ae a client to 
a patron) : in aUci^jujL^um confogere 
(flUccr Age). N I#u>pb^ power, 
etrength, manna, potcstaa. King» have 
long oraut, long» regibus sunt manus 
(Qo.). The »eadar arm, impezinm or 
potBMtas magtatratnum. ^Ofarivtrt 
para : eomu (winding arm. Oo.) : caput 
(fooath : al»o, and more freqnantly, the 
head, eourc^. H Qf a mountain 
ehain^ bradiiom (Tmuriia brachia emittit> { 


Plin.) : ramuB. \\ Of a tree, brachtum: 
ramua (Tid. B&ancr]. }H Of a chair, 
anodd (Get. Awr^ Tard., 2. 1, 46). H /» 
fortification: work» to connect two 
point», brachium : mare freqmently, lingua 
\oKlXri). \( Arm of a catapult, bra- 
chium. Il^rms if a pair of ecalee, 
caput ( Vitr., 8, 5, 3, Sehneid.\ \^ Arm» of 
an anchor, «anchor» bracnium or comu. 
" ARM. «., Ta., armaie (to fami»h with 
arm»: then, to provide with what i» nece». 
aary.* aga^ut any body, adTcrsus ali- 
quem) : armia insbruere (to fumi»h wUh 
armi): instruere: munire (to fumieh 
with may thing eon»idered a» a weapon). 
n^raied, armatus: in armis (iv SwXotf, 
in or under arm»), || To arm one'e 
•elf againat any thing, prncavgre ali- 
qnid : tutum or munitum ease ab aliquA 
re: so preparare ad aliouid (to make 
preporoMne ag^n»()'. animum prfepa- 
rare ad aUouid : se or anltwiim componere 
ad aliouid Ifo prepare on^e mind againet). 
Somettme» meditari aliquid: to be armed 
again»t any thing, animo sum ad aliquid 
parato; tutum or munitum esse aUquA 
re: aliquA re ae lorfcere (Plin.) [vid. 
Auc, V. intr.]. || To clothe any body 
with armor, lorfcA, thorftce, cataphracti 
induere aliquem (according to Me kind 
of armor meant). 

ARM, «., isrwL., arma sibi induere (to 
put on omfe armor) : arma capere (to take 
to omf» weapon»! prepare for war: for 
wAidk ad arma or ad saga ire i» al»o 
fbundt) : arma sumere (to taJu oni» weap- 
on» in &n^e hand to u»e them). H To be 
arming (qf nation»), bellum parare, ap- 
parare, oomparare, adomare, instruere : 
beQi apparatum instruere; omnia, qu» 
ad bellum pertinent, protidSre. 

ARMADA, nares bdlicee : dassls. 

ARMAMENT, copia» : mo»tly t^ a na- 
val armament: copias navatea; naves 
bellicfB dassis. 

ARMATURE, arma, orum, n., arma- 
tnra (the latter ieith reference to the nature, 
4ec of the wemon»), 

ARMED, il hav ing arm». An armed 
dtair, sella ObHquis anoonibus fabricata 
(CaL Aur., Tard., 2, 1, 46) : catbadra 
(armed chair of Roman ladie»), 

IRMGAUNT, maoer: airigosus: strl- 
gosi corporis. 

ARM-HOLE, ala (poeticaL alarum ral- 

ARMILLARY, «annilln simOis. 

ARMIPOTENCE, arndpotenda i» «ssd 
by Ammi an., 18, 5. 

ARMIPOTENT, amdpotsns (Luor^ 

ARMISONOUS, armis5nus (Pir^.). 

ARMISTICE, indudes. To conclude 
a» anaistics^fiicereorinireindudas. 7^ 
agree to an armietice, oonsendre ad in- 
dudas. Vid. Txucs. 

ARMLET, II little arm, brachi51um 
(CatuU.). H Bracelet for the arm, bra> 
chiale (general term): armilla (braodet, 
armlet) : spindier (o^yirnjp f aratlet for 
the vpper arm) : oalbci loere ar«i2eis given 
toeoldier»a»areward(FeeL): apathalium 
or spataUuxn, dardanum, viriola, Tiria, 
were al»o ornament» of the arm, of un^ 
known form. To put on golden armlet», 
brachia et lacertos auro colere (Curt.), 

ARMOR, armatus, Hut (= aionasr of be- 
ing armed: only in the ablative: di^Mtri 
armattt ; Credco armatu) : arms, onmi, 
n. (general term for arme) : cataphracta 
(iron or bra»» tcalo^trmor, for men or 
kor»e», Sui.) : lorica (leathern jerkin) : 
thorax (iron breaet-plau, cuira»»). Jn. 
lorien thoraoeaqne. To put on on^» 
armor, lorici, thorace, catiq>hracti (ao- 
cording to m e anin g) se te^ere or induere. 
To ttrip the bodie» qf their armor, arma 
corporibus detrahere (Lio.). 

ARMOR-BEARER, armiger. 

ARMOR£lR,faberarmorum. JUSguifet 
^ue uho put» on another'» armor, perhapo 

* ARMORIAL. Armorial bearing», *cij- 
pcus insignia : insigne soseris. On» mio 
ha» a right to armoriM bearing», * alicui 
licet insigni frui (aocording to Roman 
cuotom, qui imaginsa fiunOis su» conse- 

ARMORY, armamentarium. U'^'**^'*» 


Vm. JH Armorial bear ing »,Vid.AaM- 


ARMPIT, ala (valUa alarum, poeticaL 

ARMS, arma (general term, but of do- 
feneive armor, not applied to mis»He» 
tela : al»o Jguratiody, a» arma pruden- 
dse, senectuda, legum): tela (mieeiU»), 
Fwmi»hed with arm», annatns : armis in- 
structus : without arm», inermis : to take 
arm», ad arma ire : arma ciqiere (to arm 
ontfe »df again»t any body, contra all- 
quern) : arma sumere (eepBdally when 
other mean» might have been tried, contra 
aliquem); descendere ad Tim atque ad 
arma : to eeiie onefe arau, arma arnpere: 
cAey ran to arm», coneursum est ad arma : 
to arm» ! ad arma ! to »oun^to arm» I ad 
arma conclamare I (Lie.) : to lay down 
arm», arma deponere; armis discedere: 
to Jing away their arm», arma abjicere: 
to take away any bodf» arme, arma alicui 
auferre : to be under arm», in armis esse : 
to have 90,000 men under arm», milia Ti> 
gind in armis habere: to grow old in 
arms, in armia eonseneaoere : to bear arwu 
against any body, arma contra aliquem 
ferre: to turn on^e arm» againat any 
bodu, arma in aliquem vertere : to defend 
an/» country by arm», patriam armis ae 
▼irtute defendere : to gwe up one?» arm», 
arma tradere (Nep.) : to defend owf» »df 
by the arm» ofnrudenee, axinia prudends 
se tueri ac detendere. 

ARMY, exerdtus : ades (army in batO» 
arraif) : agmen (arvey in marching order) : 
miUtea (eoldier», eopeeiaOy when the indi- 
vidual» are meant: al»o the tingular mi- 
les, toAsn** elks so/<iier"=" tU so^jers," or 
**theannf goneralljf): yfna (themUitarf 
force») : copi» (force») : often wiA arma- 
torum, or pedilum eouitumque, or pe- 
destres, equestres, peoestres equestree- 
que, pedestres nandesque. To command 
or lead an army, exerdtum ducere, exer- 
dtnl pmeaae : to levy an arma, exerdtum 
scribere or conscribere ; milites scribero 
or legere ; delectum habdre (of tike Roman 
eoneul: scribere or oonserfbere, to enroll 
th» naau» of thoae who oufrkt to eerve) : 
exerdtum ooQigere, or conflcere (not co- 
gere), or parare, comporare : to hire an 
army of mercenarie», exerdtum or copias 
menAde conducere : Co recruit an army, 
exerdtui supplementum acribere (of tot- 
ting down the name») : exerdtum sup- 
plSre or refioere : to draw up an anav (m 
order of battU), adem instruere or msd- 
tuere : to ditband an army, mOites mit> 
tere, dimittere ormissoa faeere : milidbua 
missionem dare [Stn. in Disband]. 
II Oreat number, exerdtus (e. g., oorvo- 
mm, Virg.) : muldtudo : coi^a incredi- 
bilis; vis magna. 

AROMATIC, aromatkma (Iocs). ||.<lr9- 
matict, ardmftta. 

AROMATIZE, condlre. 

AROUND, prtp., drcum; drca [vid. 
About] : adv., drcum : totus droum : in 
drcuitu. Often by drcum in compoti- 
tion: to rid» around, circumeonitare or 
equo circumvfihi (locum) : Co roU around, 
circnmTolvere (tran»Uit«iaf), drcumvolvl 
(intran»iti»ely\ Somotimm by per: to 
look around, circumspicere : drcumspee- 
tare : oculos drcumferre : perlustrara 
((«ania. Sic) : to wander around, penra* 
gari (locum) : to look around in a threat- 
ening way, oculoa minadter drcumferre : 
to d^ a trendt around a elty, oppidum 
fbasA (rallo foasAque) drcumdire. 

AROUSE, exsusdtare; expergefacera 
(e aomno) ; exdtare (e somno) ; siii<ritart 
somno or e quiete (t) : aU etand (without 
somno) al»o improperly for ** ezdting,'' 
"animating.*' || incite, exdtare: oon« 
dtare (e. g^ a man to any thing: alto ta 
exeU» laughter, hatred, envy, ooatpa»»ionf 
Sui.) : excire, cond4re or concire (te 
clamcal proa» only=. to excite violently to 
eoau aettvihf : »eidom to produce any pat- 
»ion or evil; e. g., iram, aeditionem, ter» 
rorem, 4c) : movAre, oommov&re aU- 
qnem (fo »tir, move, exdu : then aleo l» 
excite ndserlcordiam, sedldonem, boUum, 
Sec) : conflare (lo Undl» ; «. g., alicui in- 
Tidissn, beUum, Ac). 

AROYNt (the»), abi I apiga to I abi ia 
malamrem (eoawc). 



ARPENT, hnba (in Ue MiddU Age») : 
ager tririnta jugenuo. 

ARRACK or ARACK, * humor ex or?- 
e& in quimdain aiinilitadiiiem viui cor* 

ARRAIGN. Vid. Accuse. 

ARRAIGNMENT. Vid. Accusation. 

ARRANGE, ordinare : id ordinem ad- 
ducere or redij^re : diaponere : digerere : 
in ordinem duerere : componere (<o or- 
range to thai the whole maf present a pUas- 
ing appearance): coHocare, conatitaero 
(place together ; bring into a proper col- 
location), &>m«ttme«dc8cribere (to eketch 
a plan) : explicare (to unravel) : diapcn* 
Bare (to weigh out in all He parte ; arrang- 
ing, that no part tnay come cff short). To 
arrange troom^ copiaa ordinare or dispo- 
nore : in order of battle, copias or adem 
instmere : the order of marchy * agmen or- 
dinare : books or a Ubrary^ libroa or bibli- 
othteam ordinare or disponere; Ublio- 
thdcam digerere : haxr^ capUlum compo- 
nere ; crines or capiUot digerere (t) : the 
folds of a ehlamjfs, eoUocare chlamydem, 
ut apte pendoat (Oo.) ; componere togam 
(Hor.) : a plan of the campaign, descri- 
bcre totins belli rationem : 01^« family 
e^abrs, rem familiarem conatituere; rea 
anas ordinare ; rea familiares componere : 
a person's (affairs, alicujua negotia expli- 
care. To arrange (words) alphabeticallif, 
(vocabula') in literaa digerere : words in a 
sentence (with reference to style), verba 
componere : verba apte collocare. A weU- 
arranged establishtneift, ^domua omnibus 
rebus instructa, que ad victum cultum- 
que pertinent [{Make a plan or ar- 
rangementj firttcipere, decemere, con- 
■titucre. We arranged (to do so and so), 
inter nos conv^nit, ut, &c 1 arranged 
with any body (to do so and so), mihi cum 
aliquo couTdnit, ut, See. 

ARRANGEMENT, ordinatio: disposi- 
tlo : descriptio : constitutio : institutio. 
(Vid. TO AuukNOB.] The arrangement 
of a library, designaao librorum : ef words 
(in a Lexicon), vocabulorum digerendo- 
rum ratio : (in a sentence), verborum 
apta compositio, coUocatio; ratio collo- 
candL || Order resulting from arrange- 
ment : ordo : ratio. Sometimes prascep- 
tum: institutum: lex. These arrange- 
ments are ezotUent, b»c optime instituta 
or inetructa sunt It is a beneficent ar- 
rangement of nature's, that, 6u:., salubiiter 
a naturft institutum est ut or quod. 

ARRANT. To be translated by sum- 
mus, maximus, with or without omnium : 
by caput or princeps with genitive : by to- 
tus ex aliquA re (actus est or constat; 
versatus est in omni genere alicujua rei. 
In Plant, by compounds with the Greek tri 
l^trifur; triscurria). ^n orraiU ro^ue, tri- 
xurdfer (Com.) : caput scelerum (Ptottf.) : 
princeps fla^tiorum (Cic) : veterator. 
An arrant thief, princeps omnium furto- 
rum (Cic) ; versatus in omni genere fu- 
randi atque prasdandL Sometime» by a 
superlative aMective : an arrant fool, stoli- 
dissimuB, stultissimus. 

ARRANTLY, turpiter: fcedc: flagiti- 
ose: nefarie. 

ARRAS, tapes, 6ds, m. (rennfi : or Lat- 
inized, tapetum). IW'The tap«tes of 
the ancients were of^ earpet-like texture 
(mostly shaggy, and with colors or figures 
tnttnooven) for covering walls, fioors, ^. 
ARRAY, «., ordo. || Battle array, 
ades. To dram up on army in batHe ar- 
ray ! to set in array, copias or aciem in- 
stmere, instituere. || The array (= sol- 
diers drawn up), ordines mJlitnm. 
}li Dress, vestis: vestimeata (plural)'. 
Testltus (kind of apparel). || Jurors imr 

eanneled, perhaps judices select!: tur- 
fc selectorum (chosen, at Rome, from the 
senators, knights, and trlbunl srarii) : Ju- 
ratores (stoom voJimts of any thing, 

ARRAY, v., narrative, Vnx i|Z>r««s, 
TMtire : convestire : induere sibi vestom 
or se veste: teste indui: veste se ami- 
eire (to wrap onis self up in a garment: 
appUed, therefore, to upper garments ; not 
to garments drawn on, which is indncre : 
verare is general) : vestiri, amlciri aUquA 
1« (velarl aliqnA re, poetically) : to be ar* 
rayed in gold and purpU, inslgnem auro 


et pnrpurd conspicL The earth is arrayed 
with fiowcrs. Sec., terra floribus, herbis, 
&C. : vestitur. )| To array a panel, 
* Judices seligere. 

ARREAR. Vid. Behind. 

ARREAR, }pecuniii» residus (old 

ARREARS, 3 outstanding accounts) : 
rdlquum : quod rellquum Mt : quod re- 
Uquum restat quee restant or quod res- 
tat : pecunlflB rmiquaa (the stUl remaining 
porttoh of a ddtt). To be in arrears, reu- 
quari aUquid (e. g., amplam snmmam, 
debitum : ex administratione rei publicsa 
reliquarl : and quibus {summis] reliqua- 
tus est AU Jur. Cms.) : reliqua faabdre 
or debdre : with any body, nondum per- 
solvisse alicui, quod rellquum restat: to 
exact the arrears, pecunias reliquas or re- 
siduas exigere. He is so much tn arrears, 
residgre apud aliquem (L e., swch a sum 
residet apud aliquem, Mardan., Dig.). 

ARREARAGE. Vid. Abreab. 

ARRECT, arrectns : erectus (aures ar- 
rigere, TVr- Virg.: erigere, Cic). 

ARREST, «., comprehensio. To put 
under arrest, comprebendere <o/ the per- 
son arresting) : in cuatodlam dare (of the 
person ordanng the arrest). To be kept 
UTider arrest, in custodiA hab£ii or serva- 
ri} custodiA tenfiri or retindrL 

ARREST, v., comprebendere: in cus- 
todiam dare [Vid. AbrksTj s.1 : in vincula 
coujicere: alicui manus mjioere (to lay 
hands «po» ; e. g., virgini ..... minister 
decemviri roanua ii^jedt Li^-y ^ 44. 6). 
To arrest one who was flying, e fu|^ 
retrahere aliqnem. \\ Stop, delay: mo- 
rari : remorari : moram facere alicui rei : 
moram afierre alicqJQB or alicui rei : 
moram et tarditatem afierre alicui rei 
(cause a delay in any thing) : tardare : 
retardare (to retard the prosecution of 
any thing ; c. g., of a Jourfiey, qf the pur- 
suit of an enemy) : tenure : retindre : 
sustinere (to stop the progress of some- 
thing : a thief, a carriage, a horss) : repri- 
mere (to check fordbly : fiigam hostinm ; 
redundantcm lacum): arcdre: cohibdre 
(to hold any thing off, so that it may not 
approach). To arrest any body, morari, 
demorari, remorari aliquem (general 
term for delaying Ais») : detin£rr, demo- 
rari et detlngre fdiquem (to draw him 
back, with reference to some object pursued 
by him) : to arrest any body on a journey, 
retardare aliquem in vi&; remorari au- 
cujus iter : to arrest arty bodies pursuit of 
an enemy, tardare aliqxiem ad insequen- 
dum hoetem (of a marsh or other obstacle) : 
the progress of a war, moram et tardita- 
tem anerre bcUo ; morari celeritatem 
belli : the onset qf fA« enemy, tardare or 
retardare hostium impetum. 

ARRIDE, arridSre. 
ARRIERE. Vid. Rear. 
ARRIERE BAN, *peribannu8 (Sthir- 
Utz, Mater., p. 153, 4, 1^ : ad rempubli- 
cara defendendam populi imiversi convo- 
calio (Of.). 
ARRIVAL, adventus: occessus: ap- 

eulsus (arrinal 6f a ship: with or without 
tfiris). Sudden, uneipected arrival, ad- 
ventus repontinus, improvlsns or inter- 
ventuf, Buperventus (without any adjec- 
tive, Tac, Hist., 2, 54, 1). To expect any 
bodies arrival with eogemtM, alicujus aa- 
ventum non mediocnter captare. 

ARRIVE, venire, advenire : adventare : 
acccdere ad locum : pervenire, devenire : 
attinqere, nancisci locum (to succeed in 
reaching) : afierri (to be brought to : of 
things). To arrive on horseback, equo 
vehi: in a carriage, curru advdht : in a 
ship, perv£hi in locum, appellere [vid. to 
Land] : the Aip is arrived, navia appulsa 
est (not appuUt). To have arrived : often 
adesse. Impr., \\reaeh, asseoui. conse- 
qui, adipisci (to arrive at an ena aimed at ; 
tuen to reach locum or aliquem) : perve- 
nire ad aliquid (arrive at any thing) : 
comp5tem fieri alicujus rei, potiri aliquA 
re (Mttain any thing desired § e. g., a wish). 
ARROGANCE, larrogantia (ths ezact- 
ARROGANCY, > ing homage to on^s 
endowments arid privileges) : fastus (a pre- 
sumptuous, contemptuous disposition) : su- 
perbia (s^-s^fieieriey, pride, firom think- 
ing others beneath owls self) : insolentia 


ARROGANT, arrogans : insdiens : su- 
perbns : fastosus (post-Augustan, and 
very rare). The superbus would outshims 
others i vu arrogans would encroach upon 
them i tiu fastosus despises them ; iA« in- 
solens insults them, DOderlein. An arro- 
gant spesch, sermo arrogantitt. To bsoome 
arrogant, arrogantiam sibi sumere ; mag- 
nos sibi sumere spiritus. 

ARROGANTLY, arrogant«r; insolen- 

ARROGATE, aliquid vindicare sibi or 
ad se: aliquid usurpare (a p f t r op r iu te to 
ont^S s^f unjustly : asserere u unclassic- 
al) : abi sumere, assumere, asdscere, «r- 
rogare, tribuere (ascribe to ontfs sdf un- 
justly or unreasonably). J don't arrogate 
so much to myself, non tantum mihi sumo 
neque arro^o: to arrogate to onis sdf 
great authority, magnam auctoritatem sibi 

ARROWS, sagitta: telum (any missUc: 
but properly one thrown by the hand) : to 
shoot arrows to any mark, Sec, sagittas (or 
tela) coi\jicere aliquo. Like an arrow 
( =s very swiftly), incredibili celeritate. A 
cloud cf arrows, velyt nubes (conjecta) 
sagittarum; or ingens vis sagittarum. 
Such a doud of arrows, tanta vis sagitta- 
rum creberrinuB grandinis modo (<^. 
Liv., 28, 37, 7). 
ARROW-HEAD (a plant), sagittaria. 
ARROW^Y, ''sharp sleet of arrowy 
titowei*' (Milton), ingens vis sagittarum 
creberrimw grandinis moda 

ARSENAL, armamentarium : officina 
armorum (when weapons are also manu- 
factured ther^ : navale, or plural navaUa 

ARSENIC, arsenlcum : auripigmentum 

ARSIS (in music or metre), sublatio 
(Speti, opposed to positio, ^iots: in lots 
grammarians also arsis). 

ART, (1) human dexterity: (a) as op- 
posed to nature: ars: manus (the hu- 
man hand) : by art, arte, per artem (gen- 
eral term) : manu, opere (oy human labor). 
Fortifieaby art (of a fortress, &c.), manu 
or opere munltus : (b) opposed to what is 
merely mechanical: ars (general terns, 
as the theory or set qf rules by which ths 
artist works ; the skill with which he works, 
or with which any thing is made) : artiflci- 
um (the skill with which any thing is made). 
Ths healing art, ars medendt With art, > 
arte, ex arte (eg., scribere, canere) : scien- 
ter (scientifically ; e. g^ tibiis cantare) : to 
bear upon it the stamp of art, artis signo 
notatum esse: (2) readmess or dexterity 
of one partiatlar kind, obtained by prao 
tifie: (a) generally, ars: scientia alicujus 
rei (expenmental knowledge ; e. g., pfailos- 
ophandi ; fundendi esris) : studium alicu- 
jus rei (pursuit of any thing : an art so 
far as it is actually practiced). The art 
of painting, nrs pingendi : the art of se- 
curing every body's good-will, ar^ ad pro- 
merendam omnium voluntatem : the art 
of conversation, of social intercourse, ser- 
mocinatrix (sc ars : as translation of tlts 
Greek npoiofttXtjuK/j). || Trick, arti- 
fice, ars (t^vi?) : artificium (only in 
Com.: also tcchna): ||(b) a particular 
trade, profession, art, ars: artiticium: 
to stuay an art, arti alicui etudSrc : to fol- 
low or practice an art, artem colcre, iac- 
titare ; in arte vcrsari, se exercere (cxer- 
e£re artem, doubtful, Krcbs) : to leave off 
an art, artem dcsinere: to reduce any 
thing to an art, aliquid ad artem redigc- 
re ; aliquid in artem vcrtere. War be- 
came an art, disdpUna milifearis in artis 
modum venit The meduinical arts, ar- 
tes sordideB : quwstus sordid!. Ths lib- 
er^ arts, artcs ingenusB, or liberalos, or 
honcstie, or elegantes. Jn. artcs elegan- 
tes et ingenuss ; studia liberalia : the arts 
and sdendes, artes et discipUnw; studia 
et artes : a lover qJH^fine carts, llberalium 
artium studiosuslhomo elogons: *arti- 
um amator: aU, the liberal arts, omnea 
bonarum rerum disciplina): ths arts of 
war ftnti peace, artes belli etpacia. ||Mas- 
txr of Arts, * magister llberalium arti- 
um: to taks ths degree of Master qfArts, 
*ad amplissimum msgistri gradum pro- 
moverL Vid. Master. 


ARTFUL, cDlUdiu: Terttktot: Ttfer: 
Mtatu«: subddltu. Jn. c«llklu« et aata- 
tQ9 ; astatos ec caUidna ; Tenuto* et cal- 
lidiu. [Snt. m CuNitiKO.] i| Wrought 
(jr arti not natural; artidcioiiuTar- 
tifiri>K^ Qitwu. .* artifex, poetiea Uf /] : tac- 
tfetna: fiictua. 

ARTFULLY, astute; caHide; rafre; 

ARTFULNESS, aatntift : Tafritiea : ver- 
•otia: calliditaa: doloa. ^Skill, an: 

AKTHRmc, arthritictiai 

ARTHRITIS, arthntia : Aorboa articQ- 
larif ar articularioa. 

ARTICHOKB. cardnoa : dn&ra (Cyna- 
ra Scolymua, lAnn.): cactoa (eardoom: 
Spai n $ k artidtokef Cynara Cardunculaa, 

ARTICLE, (1) part : pan : caput 
^eo^ ekaptery, AtticU in a contraa^ con- 
aitk> : capiat. ArtieU cf a peactj lex i con' 
ditio ; caput : qf^ /aitk, caput doctrine 
■acne : in a dictionary^ rocabulum, ver- 
bom: 0S) ^tpeeies'f e.g^of wareM^ gR- 
luu. The general term rea laajr ofUn be 
need ; e. g^ an article of luxurtf, res ad 
hunuiam pertmens: tku artide ie mueh 
tOMght 4^fur, *hi^jaa gcneria mercef cu- 

eexpetontor. |i In grammar, articu- 
fiArtiele bf article^ per partes: 
per capita. N Articles of itar, lex mili- 
taris (jtkk r^ertnu to wiat i$ allowed or 
pamitted in war), 

ARTICULAR, articularis {Suet,, PUn,) : 
■rticnlarius (CaJL, Plin,) : morbus articu- 
laris or articularias (the gout), 

ARTICULATE, <^., dams: planus: 
wplanatos. An articHlate voice, vox cln- 
n {(dear: oppoeed to obtuaa) ; vox expla- 
nabflis (ompoeed to perturbata. Sen, de 
.£nd, 1, 3, !^ An articulate uuerance, o§ 
ptanom or eswianatum (oppoeed to os 
coDfiisani). To be an articulate epadter^ 
explanat» esse lingu» (/i^ter Plin.). 

ARTICULATE, e., pronunciara (rer- 
ba). Jn Luer„ AppuL, Amob„ arliculare 
Terba : [has voces] mobilis articulat ver- 
borum dsdala lioigua, Luer., 4, 551 : to 
learn to artiadate, primum fari coepisse 
(SueL, of children) : loqui discore (of 
oeaatM, Ac.) : to teach any bode to articu- 
late, aliquem verba edoc^re ; aUquem ser- 
BUMU aasnefiMsere. \\To make terme, to 
treat : de conditionibus tractare or agece 
(cum aliquo). Q 7*o draw up in arti- 
dee, in capita conferre. 

ARTICULATELY, piano ($o ae to be 
nnderetood) : clare, clar& voce (with loud, 
eiear voice). To speak articulately, plane 
et articnlate eloqm (so that each e^UabU ie 
heard, GelL) : clarc or dard voce diccre : 
verba exprimere explanarequn (Plin.) : 
rxptan a tw e»e Hngus (to te habituaUy 
an artieulau speake^. 

ARTICULATENESS. cxplanatio ver- 
borum (Qttint.): diludda pronuntiatio : 
explanata vox (after Plin.) : splendor ro- 
ds (deameu of voice). 

ARTICULATION, fl of words, prola- 
1&0 (utterance, Lie.) : [pronuntiatio is the 
tAoU ddivery = actio.] || Juncture of 
boueSf commissura (general term for 
mode of joining tojfether : also o/ the 
limbs of the human body) : artus : articu- 
las (JoiMt : artos in singular not till poets 
sf Siirer Age). Js. commissunB et urtus. 

ARTIFICE, an: artificium (pnly in 
Com. : also techna) : dolus. 

ARTIFICER, artifex (general tenn, es- 
pedsUy of one needing mind and inoen- 
Hen M his work) : faber (one who works 
*pon hard wutterutls, as stone, ivory, dec.) : 
CTHfex (a workman needing mechanical 
skiU and industry ; the author and pro- 
dmeer of any work). A distinguished arti- 
iter, artifisx operibos suis pnedpuus. 
\Maker^ contriver, ouctor: inventor: 
conditor : effector : molitor : princeps : 
parens: architectus. (Syn. U Aaciii- 
TKCT.] Jn. parenff VBactor^e ; prin- 
ceps et architectus. The arttjieer of the 
iDorU, creator or procreator mundt ; ef- 
fector mundi iliolltorque. 

ARTIFICIAL, artiflciosus Qsutde or pro- 
duced by art: opposed to naturalis: arti- 
fex, noeticaOy, Prop., Pers.: artlflcialis 
oaJgr in ^uint.) : quod habet artem : artis 
ptttioepa (jthat test^u to art as concerned 


in its production: opposed to arte carens' 
facticius ] foetus (jnadx ; not produced i 
nature: opposed to naturalis). An arty 
dal address, oratio artis ptena!: whsther 
thie weu naturalor artifieial, aive hoc est na- 
ture siv9 artis : a natural or an artificial 
memory, memoria naturalis aut artifidosa. 

ARTIFICIALLY, artiOciose ; arte ; 
manu et arte ; affal»ie (as in afittbre fac- 
tus, Cic). 

ARTILLERY, || large machines 
for shooting instruments of de- 
struction, tormenta, plural, orum (com- 
prehended in ancient warfare, ballistsB 
and catapuHaa, for shooting stones, dc«.V 
Heavy artillery, * tormenta mtuoris modi: 
Aorse artillery, * tormenta que ab equiti- 
bus administrantur. A ceqHAjdn in the ar- 
tillery, * cobortis tormcntariw prwfisctus. 
An artillery wagon, *currus tormenta- 
rius : a park of artiUenf, torments, orum ; 
* apparatus tormentarius. The far of or- 
tHUry, * ictus tormentariL || The artil- 
lery (as a service, &c.), *res tormentaria. 
il^s a body, *cohortes-tormentariiB or 
tormenta only. 

ARTILLERY-MAN, * tormentsrius. 

ARTISAN, opifex: faber: artifex [Syn. 
in Aetifickr] : sellularius (an artisan 
whose occupation is of a sedentary kind). 
II Artisans, fabri; qui in tabemis sunt; 
opificum vulgus. A base artisauy opifex 
vilissimtt» mercis. 

ARTIST, artifex. fVid. Aktiticsk.] 
H Skilled in art^ intdligena; sdens ar- 

ARTLESS, R as praise mther than 
not, simplex : sine affectatione (of per- 
sons) : apertus (<^>en-hearted : homo, ani- 
mus, Sic) : nuUo cultu (without ornament 
or polish: of things). || As blame rather 
than not, non wtificiosus : ineonditus. 
II Wanting art, unskillfult artis non 
perltus : artis iguarus. 

ARTLESSLY, sine arte: nuUo cultu: 
IngeQue: candiae: aperte. 

ARUNDINACEOUS, arundineus (arun- 
dinaceus, onu in Piiny). 

AS, (I) II as a particle of comparison: 
ac, atque (qfler words denoting equality, 
similarity, «c.: «que, idem, par, &.C.): 
quam (\f exact equality is not meant, but 
excess or defed. Thus, if a negative pre- 
cedes flsque, Si^ quam must be used, not 
ac, atque, for the negation destroys the ex- 
act equality, Herzog, Cas„ B. G., 2, 6) : 
et, ut, and (nfter i<^m) ac, atque, et, qui, 
seldom cum (as in Sailust and Tacitus). 
We can not maintain friendship unless we 
love our friends as ourselves, amicitiam 
tueri non possumus, nisi seque amicos et 
nosmct ipsos diligamus : in what a situa- 
tion our affairs are, you hnow as weU as I 
do, quo in loco res nostres sint, juxta me- 
cum omnes inteHigitis : they go away the 
stime men <u they catne, iidem abeunt, qui 
vcnerunt. || Afier such, so great, so 
many (taUs, tantus, tot), not quam, but 
qualis, quantus, quot. He is such as he 
ever was, talis est, quolis semper fiiit t| In 
forms of protestation ana swearing: 
*' as true as,'" ita or sic with the subjunc- 
tive followed by ut, with the stdfjunctive if 
a wieh is to be expressed, the indicative \f 
an assertion is to be made : *^ as true as,I 
live, I shudder,"^ Sec, ita vivam (or ita 
deos mihi velim propitios), ut — pcrhor- 
roeco ; or {with ita vivam thrown inparen- 
thetieaUy) pcrhorresco, ita vivam, &c. 
"^ true as I am alive, I should like," Sec., 
ita vivam (or ita mihi omnia, qua» opto, 
contingant) ut vdim, Slc. || As (so) wsix 
— A9 : et— et ; tum — ^tum ; quum— cum 
(with quum— turn, the clause with quum 
ts the more general, that with tum the more 
special statement). Soinaimcs ut — sic ; 
non minus — quam : [fC^ tam— quam in 
this sense does not belong to the Qolden 
Ajre^ II Not so — as, non tam— quam. 
The Row^ans waged some wars not so suc- 
cessfully as bravely, Romani beUa quatdam 
non tam fbliclter quam fortiter ffesserunt 
(or Romani bella qusedam fortfus ouam 
folidus, or magls lortitcr quam feUciter 
gesserun^. Caius is not so prudent as he 
is brave. (Jaius fortior est quam prudenti- 
or (which allows him some prudence : 
maj^ fortis est quam prudens, or fortis 
est quAm prudens. The form fortior est 


(mam prudentior is that which belongs to 
the best age\ || As— so : ut— ita or sic: 
quemadraoaum— eodem modo : quemad- 
modum— sic ; velut— sic or its. |j As 
MUCH AGAIN, alteram tantum : this u a» 
big again as that, hoc altcro tanto migus 
ost. II As MANY AS ( =mII wko), quotcum- 
que : as much as, quantumcnmque. || A« 
SOON AS : simul et or ac (atque) : simul 
ut: also simul alone: ut: ut primum: 
quum primura: ubi (when): postquam 
Wtar). i:^^ AH these take the perfect 
indicative in narrative where we should 
use the pluperfect; but when repeated 
actions or continued states are described, 
the princ^tal verb being in the imperfect, 
the verb with postquam. Sec, may be in the 
pluperfect: [simulac se remiserat— ' 
reperiebatur, ^ep.] || As (=as if), 
AS IF : tamquam. / depart from life as 
from an inn, ex vit& discedo, tamquam 
ex hospitio. 

(U) As a particle of cTplanation, 
II As iff just as if: tamquam; tam- 

Suam si ; veluti ; haud secus ac si ; non 
liter quam si (all with subjunctive) : the 
men fa>cked together as if something of 
great importance were in hand, tamquam 
summi moment! res ageretur, ita concur- 
rerunt homines. Sometimes an ablative 
absolute ie used: the enemy pursued as 
if the victory were already won, hostes in- 
secuti, quasi partA jam victorii. || As if, 
FOBSOOTH ; AS IF (tronicoUy) : ae if, for- 
sooth, I thought this, quasi vcro id putem. 
11 To dentae a property : tamquam (ec- 
pressing equaUty in point of manner and 
degree : " ae much as ,*" " as if") : ut (tha 
relation, " as for ad") : loco (tit the placs 
of) : instar (as good ae, of equal value or 
weight with) : nomine (under the name of), 
I loee you as a friend, amo te ut amicum 
(eo far as you are my friend) : tamquam 
amicum (as much as a friend ; ae. much 
as if you were my friend) '. to be as a son 
to any body, filii loco esse ahcui : to be to 
any body as a father, alicui parentis nume> 
ro esse. Sometimes other forms meust be 
used ; e. g., we muet do as physicians do, 
mcdicoi uni ratio, or consuetude imitanda 
est. To carry any thing off as so muck 
^ain, lucri nomine tollorc aliquid. Plato 
u, in my judgment, as good as all of them 
together, Plato est mihi instar omnium. 
As with a substajitive is here often trans- 
lated by an adverb or fry in modum. To 
behave as a woman, muliebriter se gerere : 
to aUas a slave, serviliter agere : to obey 
ae slavee, in modum servorum par6re : to 
torture a free dtiten as a slave, civem 
servikm in modum cruciare. || As ; as 
BBINO. Here the property contains also 
the ground of the preceding Statement, 
and quippe, quippe qui, utpote qui are 
used. Qmy>pe is qflen used with something 
of irony, and before participUs or other 
attributives only [Democrito, quippe 
viro erudite, ^c.]: quippe or udx>to 
qp\ mostly takes suinuncttve. {Praet.Intr^ 
LI., 8I4.J They did not trust their own 
valor, as being men who had been c^ften 
routed, non — su& virtute confisi sunt, 
quippo toties fuai fugatique. || As is often 
untranslated ; e. g., with such verbs as to 
consider or look Upon: as, this must 
be looked upon as the greatest evil, hoc 
maximum malum exi»timandum est : he 
is looked upon as a very just man, justisd- 
mus vir habctur. || As is also untrans- 
lated when=zin the character of. or 
when I was. He dedicated, as dictator, 
the TempU of Salus, which he had vowed 
when consul, sedcm Salutis, auam consul 
voverat, dictator dedicavit || As, for in- 
stance : ut ; velut ; vdutL Animals 
which ore bom on land ; as, for instance, 
crocodiles, best!» quaa gignuntur in terri, 
veluti crocodili : even the gode ^oag^ 
wars; as, far instance, with the giants, dii 
quoque bcUa gesserunt, ut cum giganti- 
bus. Sometim^ \e\isusedin thiesenss: 
raras tuas quidem sed suaves acoipk) 
literas : vel (as, for instance) quas urm^ 
me accepi, quam prudentes, Sus. [PracL 
Intr., iL, 542.] 

(HI) As a particle of time. || Assx 
when : quum : ut : ubi. [Ubi marks m 
point in time from which something began: 
v^ an event which was sncoseded by ash 


BO that eitker both kapptn at the tame paint 
of (me, or a wu fme m t a n eout action Intro- 
aueed by *^at^ eitker kapnentwkiU another 
if «tt^ goin^ on^or i§ mmediatel ff conoe- 
guent to U. Vid. Excun^ IL. to Orote- 
fentT» Materials,] Ut and vbi take tke 
tndieatioe (whenno other reaoon require» 
tke eulnunctive), wtoetly tke perfea : quum 
aUo takee indicative ofpreoent and pierfeet 
(«fk2 aleo leitk the imperfect and pluperfeet 
ofrmeated actiono^ae often as); but 
m emvle narrathe hoe tke tubjunctioe of 
imperfect and piiuperfeeL Very often tke 
verb witk " m" is translated by a participle, 
tokick toiU be in ablative absolute udken 
tke two propoeitions kave not tke same sub- 
ject. 11 As OFTBN AS : quodes t quum 
$ritk iiulicative, even of imperfect and plu- 
perfeet. [Quum qu»piam cohors ex 
tube excesserat hostes velociseime re- 
ftigiebant, Cos.] \\ As long as : tam diu 
--quam or auam dlu : usque adeo — 
quoad: as reiat auamdiu (e. g^ tenuit 
■e uno loco quamdlu ftiit hiems) : quoad 
(all tke tbns until f as lon^ as). || As = 
wkilcj dum, or by partiaple of present. 
II As SOON AS. VkL As (I). 

(IV) As a causal particU=z since ( 
inasmuek as : quoniam (indicative) : 
quum (sulfjWKCtive) : quando; quando- 
qoidem (indicativ e) . Vid. Sincb. 


nfo, dx.: ouod attinet ad: quod: some- 
times de : aa. As to tke book^ wkick ^four 
ton game you^ quod ad librum attmet, 
quern tibi fiUus dabat As to retaining 
om Uberty^ J agree wkk you, de libertate 
retfaieiidA tibi assendor. As to (or, as 
fW) Poti^tonia, I would kave you write, if 
you think good, ouod ad Pomponiam, si 
tibi Tidetur, scribaa yoUm. As to my 
TuUia, I agree witk you, de TulliA mei 
tibi assendor. As to yowr praying tkat, 
Ac, (nam) quod precatus es, ut, ice. 
H As TO, befbre ii^finitive after ** so,** 
** mtek,** ut : qfter a negative or interroga- 
the sentence, ut, or more commonly qui 
(witk sui^unctive). No man is so sense- 
less as to belieoe tkie, nemo tam delirus 
est, ut (or qui) hoc oredat [quis potest 
tam aversus a vero esse—qui negct, &c.]. 
As NOT TO, quin. No. food is so kard as 
not to be digesudf Sec, nuDus cibus tam 
gravis est, quin is—eoncoquatur. 

(VI) II MiscxxxANXovs Phrasxs witk 
AB. Be it as it may, utcumque res est 
or erit As was likblt ; as was sues 
TO HAPPBN : id, quod neoesse erat acd- 
dere. As pboplk sat, ut dicunt, ferunt, 
or aiunt : ut dicltur, traditur, or fertur. As 
QUICKLY AS possiblb, qusm celerrime: 
AS SHOBTLT AS POSSIBLE, qusm brerissi- 
me : as pae as x can, quoad ejus facere 


CAN BE DONE, quoad ejus fieri potest As 
XT WBBE (seftening a strong word, Sec), 
qnasL As far as appearance goes, aid 
nedem [e. jr., ibrum adomatum ad spe- 
cwm magniflco omatu, Cic.], As far as 
I know, quod sciam. As far as I can witk 
mgood conscience, quod mItA fide or salvo 
officio possim. But witk quantum suck 
limitations are in tke indie^ftive [quantum 

ASBESTOS, asbestos : amiantus (not 
omr asbestos, but amiandi). 

ASCEND, ascendere: sublime ferri: 
snbHmem abire (of mounting on high, 
into tke clouds. Sec: tke latter only of 
IMng things). To ascend gradually, 
gradatim ascc»idere. (Teans.) To as- 
cend a waU, murum ascendere : a tree, 
in arborem inscendere : tke rostra, in 
rostra (in condonera) escendere ; ascen- 
dere in rostra: to ascend tke pulpit, *in 
sacrum suggestnm ascendere : tke throne^ 
* in reglam sedem escendere (properly) ; 
ngnum adipLsd: regnum occupare (.of 
OMoining rmfal power ; tke latter etpeeuU- 
iy unl^afkttjf). H Pro., to ascend to 
honors, Ac, asoendere ad honores, ad 
ahiorem gradum; also witkout ad: pro- 
BM>veri ad or in ampliorem gradum. || Tke 
ascending Unesl^ genealogical tables), 
gradus aso^idendum (PauL, Dig.). 

ASCENDANT, fsstigium, or by at^so- 
tlve summns. To be in tke ascendant, in 
(tam) sublime fasdgium renisse: in bo* 


nore esse : llorftre : vigftre : smnmam 
fbitunam, summam gloiuim oonsocutom 
esse : ^rlA flordre : esse in laude : in 
claritumnem perveniase : g^orii circum- 
fluere : omnium sermone cdebrari : in 
manio nomine et gloriA esse: magnA 
cdmiritate fam» esse (of persons only). 
(2) II Superiority, influence, pr«>- 
stantia. To kave tke ascendant in any 
tking, aliquA re praastare alicui : potiorem 
esse aliquo : idiquem antecedere, anfeecel- 
lere, anteire, antistare, exoellere, prece- 
dere, pnecurrere, superare : prapoUdre: 
pnevalSre (praralfire, Liv., prmt). || As- 
cendants (in degrees of kindred), 
ascendentes (opposed to descendentes, 
Paul., DigX 

ASCENDENCY, pWBstantfa: vifc [Vid. 
Ascendant (3).] To kave ascendency 
over, vim exercere in aliquem : mulCum 
valdre ad aliquid ; momentum habere ad 

ASCENSION, ascensus, tB (In aliquid; 
aieo of ascension of tke etars'^ : ascensio 
(2e«« common) t conscensio (m .aUquid : 
oct of climbing or mounting for tke mtr- 
pose of enterUnf into : escensus is witkout 
certain autkority in tke old writers, for in 
Liv., 34, 88, and Tac, Ann., 13, 39. 2. as- 
censviienowread). \\ Ascension to heaven, 
* abltus i>r ascensus hi ooslum. \\ Ascen- 
sion day, «dies per Chrisd in ccelum 
abltum sacrata ; or * dies memories Chrisd 
in Coslum profecd eacra. In tke Roman 
Catkolic Chtrek, festum [dies fcstus] as- 
censionis DominL 

ASCENT, (1) Had of ascending: 
ascensus, As (in aliquid) : ascensio (lees 
commonly). Q!) || W'ay by wkick one 
ascends, ascensus. A steep ascent, as- 
census arduua (Cic). (3) || ^^n emi- 
nence, locus editus; locus superior. 

ASCERTAIN, || make certain, osten- 
dere : declorare : probare : planum facere 
atque probare. Any thing ascertains tke 
meaning qfa word, aliquid satis declarat, 
quaernam sub vooe^-subjidenda sit sen- 
tentia. j| To ascertain a person of 
any tkxng, probare alicui aliquid: de- 
monstrare: enlcere (eetablisk) x vincere: 
evincere (prove against all opposition). 
II To learn for certain, aliquid com- 
perlre : to kave ascertained, (pro) certo 
scire : exploratum hftbere aliquia or ah- 
quid mim exploratum est: perspectum 
planeque cognitnm habgre. 

ASCERTAINMENT: ike nsarett, per- 
kaps, regula or norma ad auam aliquid 
dirigatur. Better by drcumloeution witk 
verbs under Ascbetain. " For want of 
ascertainment, how far,** Ac, * quum non- 
dum satis sit exploratum, quatenus, St.c. 

ASCETIC, s., ascftta, sb (/em., ascetria]» : 
ieKirr^, qncm vocant. || Impeope., vlr 
vitA durus. ||Adj., an ascetic life, vita 
parcissima ac durissima. To lead an as- 
cetic life, PEOPE., *ascetarum more vi- 
▼cre : larPEn parce ac duritcr vivere. 

ASCETICISM, hnmanitas in voluptati- 
bus aspemandis (C. Part., 23, 81). 

ASCII, * qui loca ascia incdlunt (loca 
asda, Plin.). 

ASCITES, ascites, «, m. (Cat Aur., 
Tard., 3, 8 ; Plin., Valer., 3, 12. /a CWs., 

ASClTmOUS, adsdtus or asdtus (par- 
ticiple : opposed to n&tivus). 

ASCRIBABLE, ascribendus, Sac, or 
quod ascribi debet, potest, &c. 

ASCRIBE, ascribere alicui aliquid (to 
attribute any tking, wkokcr good or bad, 
to any body, as its aiakor, inventor, or 
cause) : assignare alicui aliquid (to at- 
tribute any tking to any body, as proceed- 
ing fVom kim; to immtte it to htm as a 
fauU, or ascribe it to him as a merit) : ad- 
diccre alien! aliquid (to pronounce any 
body ths author of a writing, book, Sec, 
QeU., 3, 3) : trtbuere or attribuere alicui 
aliquid (to represent any body as the cause 
of any thing ; to lay ths bUme of it «pan. 
kim). 7V> ascribe the invention of any 
tking to any body, aliquid alicui inventon 
ascribere: to ascribe any tking toj'ear, 
aliquid timori assignarc : to ascribe an 
evU, a mischance. Sic, to any body, alicid 
casum adversum tribuere; alicui incom- 
roodum ascribere. You ascribe all tkis to 
wUf h»c dbi a me ereniunt 


A8H, fhodnns. || Of «sA, fraxfaieni. 
N Mountain-ash, sorbus- [sorhus aucu- 
paria, Liv.]: ^^ not omus. 

ASHAMED, pudore suffhsns. To he 
ashamed, pudet me (ahcujus rei ; aita 
wHk infinitive, Ter.) : pndor sufiunditor 
mihi : pudore affid (aliquA re). 

ASHEN, frazhiens. 

ASHES, cinis (remains of a burned 
body, iohaker stU glowing or burned out ; 
also botk singular and plural, as ashes cf 
a burned corpse^ : faviUa (ashes as Ugktf 
floating particles, especially u^en stid 
glowing) : Ux, gen. hcis (askes from tht 
heartk ; chiis foci, Varr. : tyeaskc^). To 
burn or reduce any thing to askcs, aliquid 
in dnerem redigere (fbr any purpose) : in 
dnerem or dneres vertere f = annihilate^ 
destroy) : to be burned or reduced to askes, 
in dnerem redigi (for any purpose ; e. g., 
kom) : in cineren} or dneres verti (to be 
destroyed, annikilated) : conflagrare: de- 
flagrare: consumi (to be burned up or 
down). Reduced or burned to ashes, in 
dnerem redactus : ad dnerem ambustus 
(crumbled to ashes by burning). The firt 
is burning under the ashes, cfaiere latet 
obrfitus ignis (tropicaUy, Luer., 4, 924); 
ignis suppositus est dnere (doloso, Hor.^ 
tropicaUf). To lie in sackclotk and askes, 
sordidatum or atratum esse (according to 
Roman custom). To adjure any body by 
tke askes of any body, obsccrare aliquem 
per cinercm mortui alic^jus. Peace ta 
tky askes, tua ossa bene quiescant (Pe- 
tron.) ; tua ossa moUiter cubent (Or.) ; 
bene pladdeque quiescas (terraque tibi 
sit super ossa levis, THb.). 

ASHORE, hi litore (on tke shor€) : in 
arido (on dry land) : ad litus ; in terrnm 
(to tke skore). To go ashore, exlre in 
terram ; fe navi exire, or exire only : egri- 
di, ascendere, escensionem facere (in 
toirara). To put soldiers, Sec, ashore, 
milites in terram (or in tcrrft) expooere. 
To run driven Oskore (cf a ship), in 
terram deferri (to be carried to tke land; 
stronger, in Utua ejld ; vado, or in vadum, 
or litoribus elidi) To run a vessel ashore 
(intentionaUjh, ad litus appcllcre. To be 
askore (of soldiers. Sec), cxpositos or in 
terram (or in trrrd) cxpositos esse, 

ASH-WEDNESDAY, * dies dnerum 

ASHY, cinereus: dneraceus: clnera- 
ceo or dnericeo colore : leucopbeeus (be- ' 
tween wkite and black). 

ASIDE, scorsum (apart from otkerf) ; 
in Istus : oblique : in obliauum. But 
mostly witk verbs compounded witk se: to 
call any body aside, auquem sevocare : to 
take or lead any body aside, aliquem scdu- 
cere : to lay or put any tking a*ide, all- 
quid seponere (properly) ; aliquid inlcr- 
mittore or opiittcro (figuratively, to give 
up any thing ; intermittere, for a time f 
omittcre, enurelfh. To say any thing aside 
to any body, aliquid alicui in aurem diccre. 

ASININE, Bshiinus (belonging to or 
proceeding from an ass : not in the sense 
of ** stupuP\ II St up i d : stolidus : fatuua : 
stupidus: nebes: tardus. Jn. stupidus 
et tardus. 

ASK, interrogare. rogare aliquem, or 
(less frequently) de aliauo : any body about 
any thing, aliquem aliquid (or less cpn- 
monly de re : bath general terms, to ask for 
tkeourpose of getting an answer from anu 
body, or learning ku opinion) : eciscitan 
ex aliquo (to ask urgently} qftcn from 
curiosity, with inquisttiveness, eagerness, 
or in an artful manner) : quercre, cxqui- 
rorc, requircre ex or ab aliquo (to ask 
connectedly and accuratdy, to question 
for tke purpose of arriving at certainty. 
Qua?rero is the proper word of a Judge 
questioning an excused person"^ : pcrcunc- 
tari de or ex aliquo (to desire to know 
every thing exactly : hence the proper word 
for asking the prim of goods, v. Gell., 9, 
4, p. init. : whether, utrum ; if or whether 
any thing, ccqtdU or quid, not si quid). 
To ask in a captious manner, capdosc in> 
terrogare : to ask any body for advict, 
coniulere aliquem : to ask ontfs way, ro- 
gare viam (t) ; exquirere iter. / kad no 
occasion to ask that, hoc mihi non fuit 
quiBrcndum. || •'^'J?*'**^* rogare: po- 
feere (general term fir taking, 'wkethsr at 


• rmum or • iemmmdi m fJU «UA*, 
Aenffort, > w pa gi > potoere mnd tnwne, 6ict 
WTwAaf nemrr to a refuett: peCera 
■Mtff r^tn to the objeet^ rogare to the 
fenon : lune» peCere aliqiiid ab aliqao : 
nMnre aliqaem aliqukL) To mtk okmott 
wSk tasrt, omnibas preeftras, pane laeri- 
Bte etiun obaecrare rifapiem : to aOt amff 
hodf» tifc, petere Titam (biaoeenti) : to 
Mft oKjr tM^ 4U a iMttcr «/* rVAl, aUqiiid 
jure qaodam sno poatnltfe. To he «M« 
I» atk «ity tkhig as (a MMlCir <iO liglu, 
•ttquid jore qaodam rao poftnkre poase: 
jastun postaWndi cauBam habere. H In- 
tite: mritwre: Tocare: to «tfiwMr, all- 
qaem ad ooeaam Tocare or inritare: to 
omt» hamty aUqnem dooram aaam inTl> 
tare. || Demand enck a price: indi- 
eare (pppoeed to promittere, to qfer to 
madk). To aek 100 seeterce», indkare 
ffffft^m nmnia (or nninmia). H Require : 
poteere: poatobre: fladtare. MoiOfiby 
gfMkice or mt^eetiee witk eaae: tkie aeks 
fntdenee, eat prudentis (oaiua, res, tem- 
pu poacit : qunm res poatolabit : qon 
tempos et n cc ee ri taa flagitatl. H To mek 
pardon^ vid. Pakook. || To aek leave, 
Teniam petere. 

{b (Mmram. T\f look ae ka nee en «ny 
hodfy anauem YbaAe oculia adapicere 
(PkoL), araroem KmiB apectara (TW-.). 


ASKER, rogator (e. g., h»c epistola 
Mm aoaacwria eat, aed rot^ttoria, Cie.) : in- 
terrogator (Dip., Di4r)- ParticipU, ro- 
taiia : iaterroffana. To reaibf to an aakor^ 
fiit e r ro g aa ti aficni reeponaire. 

ASLAKE (o*a.), reprimere (e. g., ignem, 
Mm) : oppriinere (e. g., flammam) : com- 
peaceie (e. g^ inceikdiazn) : aedare (e. g., 

ASLANT, oljBqne: in obUqmuB: exob- 
Bquo: tranfrerao: tranarerae: in trana- 
rersmn (aeroee). 

ASLEEP, in aomnO: aomno. To he 
•Oxep, dormfre {general term)', dormitare 
{to he in a deep deep) : qulcacere {to he at 
net after exertion) : aomnum capere {to 
faa aaleef). A pereon aeUep. dormiena. 
I have net been adeep M nirkty aomnum 
ego hw: nocte ocoBe non Tidi meia (7Vr.) : 
toiam noctem perrigilart To prevent 
cay hodf from faiUHg^ aeleep, aUquem 
aomno pnMiib<r& / easiijf faU aelem, 
heSiB imhi eat eomnna {oppoeed to diffi- 
cilia ndhi eat aonuraa). 79 put or htU 
aaletp, aoptre: conaoptre: alicnisonuram 
affexre, parire, condliare {properbfs : ae- 
eartaoa, wntom, or negiigentem reddere, 
ar facere CAy ay o rfod», ofwtaking aperoon 
cardcaa, t^of, &c). 

ASLOPE, obUque : in obVqanm. 

ASP, aapia(«A« proper void, * coluber 
in Zia*.). 7%e kite of an aep, aapidia 


ASPALATHUS, aapalAtfaua. 

ASPARAGUS, aaparigua (aapliarigua, 
JppuL, Herb., 84). 

ASPECT, 11 lookj aapeetua [aapectua 
lotoa, horridua, deforuda turpiaqne] : 
TimM(saCTiaam): apecioa: forma: tncMB 
{omteard appearance, form : formnaleoof 
heeatifal appearance: aU Jive both of living 
and Uftiees tkinge) : oa {wUh reference to 
Ae idtoleform of ike fact) : Tultoa (vttA rtf. 
erenee to the eountenanee). || Look {aet- 
«M): act of beholding, aapectua. HDi. 
reetion {ef local position) : circumiocu- 
tien bf apeeto {moetle witk ad, in), lee» 
fnqmenibf aapecto wuh aeeueative. To 
hate an eaetem aepecty ad oricntem ac^em 
nectare. The titwuion and aspect of a 
ma are of great importance, permagnl 
at, ubi ait poaita rilla, quo apectet (por- 
ticOwa, oama ac fenestria, Varr.). || Siu 
nation or prospect of affairs: ata- 
toa: eooditfo: locua: temporom ratio, 
or tninwra, or tea only, or a neuter adfjet- 
(toe: the aepeet of tkbtga is brighter, om- 
lia jam hilariora aazift: lAa aspect qf my 
^irs is hrighttr, res raees mcUore loco 
not: is darter, rea mcra aunt minua ae- 
condfl»; deteriore aom atatu: the aepeet 
ef things is much changed, magna fiicta 
cat remm commotatio ; reraa sunt om* 
ok: the w^aeorable or threatening aspect 
sftkt tiates, iniquitaa remm or tcnmomm. 
i Aspect of the stare, a^Mctoa («demm, 

Piiii.)t po«ltMa(rapatfarideffim(7^): 
poaitura ataUanun (OaU.). 

ASPECT, v., aapactare: qwetare. 

ASPEN, «pOptOoa tremnla. N Aim. 

ASPERATE, aqparars {Varr., OoL, 

ASPERITY, aaperitaa: aoerbitaa (bit- 
terness, roughness qf things i of mind, 
voice. Sec : sharpness, e. g^ of vinegar). 
To speak wilk aspsritif, aapere condtate- 
que dioera. Jn. tnatitia atqne aaperitaa : 
aaperitaa et immanitaa natum. 

A8PERNAT10N, aapematio (CJcV 

ASPERSE, aapergera alinuem aliquA 
re {not aliquekn atone), or aHquid alicui 
[e. g., labem or labeculam (nonnuUam) 
alicui aapergere (Cic.)' aUquem macula 
aliouA aapergere (Cic): aliquem infiuniA 
or uncuA aq>ergere {die.) : alicui aUquid 
mali Aucibua afflare {rhetorical, Cic) ] : 
de fami or ^oriA alici^jua detrabere : ex- 
iatimationem aliotgua oppugnare : incur- 
rere in alici^jua fionam: c^lumniari {to 
aeeuee faleeiy with had intention) : crimi- 
HMxi {to hleicken; to excite euepidonagainet 
oay^Mfy bf'aetmsation : alioueip qsud all- 
qnem) : name dioere alicm {td aipeak ill 
qf). Also aliqiiem yariia rumorlbua dif- 

ASPERSION, H act of sprinkling, 
aaoeraio (aquas, CSc) : a^jieraua {onhf tn 
ablative, aaperau : perh^fs onlff in PUn.). 
WOalumny: cahunnia: criminatio: labea 
or labecnla aUcoi aiperaa: nota alicui 
aaperaa {Ulp^. 

ASPHALTIC, bituminatua (e. g., aon^ : 
Utmninoaua (e. g., terra: font^ FiO*.): 
bitumineua (Go.). 

ASPHALTOfiC bit&men {io^Xrss). 

ASPHODEL, aapfa6d«lua (aaphodelna 
ramoaua, Linn.): pure Latin, albutium 
{according to Jeid., Orig., 17, 9, 84). 

ASPIC, anda, Idia. 

ASPIRATE, aapirare. 7^ aepirau a 
eoneonant, conaonanti aapirare or aapira- 
tionem a^jicere {Quint,). Not to aepirau 
aeeneonasu, rrmionanti aapfarationem de- 

ASPIRATE, ad^. An aspirate, litera 
cui aapiraCar, or cvi aqdratio ac^icitur 

ASPIRATION, |«ar««a( dssirs {of 
so methin g great) t deaiderium alieiOna 
rei: magnum, aummum, or Incredibiie 
alicujua r^ deaiderium. To have lefty 
aspirations, perhaps altA mente pneditum 
eaae: ezoelaum quendam et altnm, et 
humana deapicientem genitum eaae: id- 
tiore animo eaae: *magno rerum bona- 
rum deaiderio teneri, inoenaum eaae: elate 
atque ample aentire. JH Pronunciation 
of a letter with a rough breathing: an- 
piratlo. TO pronounce no consonant wkh 
an anriration, nuaquam niai in TocaU aa- 
piraune utL 

ASPIRE TO, aqplrare ad or in aUquid, 
or wkh local adverb tn o {sometimes with 
dative or abeotuteli^: aectari or conaectari 
aUquid {to pursue it earnestly). Also pe- 
tere or appetere aUquid : captare aliquld : 
atudftre aUcui rei : ooncupiacere aUquid. 
7b aspire tothe praise we long for, ad cam 
laadem, quam rolnmua, aapirare {Cic) : 
to aspirs to im mo rtnlit y, immortaUtatem 
aectari : to aspirs to any bod^s goodwill, 
beoerolentiam aUcujua conaectari : to 
weabk or power, opea or potentiam con- 
aectari: to which you aspire, quo tu aa- 

ASQUINT: to look aeauint, liroia apec- 
taro {of a single ease) : limia or perreraia 
ocuUa eaae, atrabonem eaae {to squint 

ASS, aslnua. Little ass, aaellua. Toung 
ass, eoU of an oaa, jpuUua aaininna. The 
ass brays, aainua mmt A wild ass, oniger. 
^As a word of eonteetpt {=fool, dolt) the 
Romems used aainua only of a simple, siUy 
person [In me quidria harum rerum 
conToiik Qu» aunt diet» in atultum, 
caudex, atipea, aainua, plumbeua, 
Ter.] : adpea : truneua : «que hebca ao 
poena {GCi. Amfs skin, * polUa aainina : 
mOk, lac aaininum. 

ASSAIL, adorlri, agsrSdi aUouem ; im- 
petnm fac«re or luTi^ve in aliquem {all 
of enen^es: inradere also of dogs): in- 
currere, incuraare in with aocusative {qf 


running wildly against; a, g^ ef dogsi 
also the proper word of cavalry) : tentare 
aliquem {qfdiseases) : oppugnare aliquem 
{also espedsUy qfattackeng a dty; urbem 
oppugnare or impugnare): inaectari ali- 
quem vefaementiua: in v^ in aliquem acer- 
biua {of assaUing with hard words). To 
assail with the sword, terropetieresiuqaieBa, 
or {of provoking him f of acting ontkeqf- 
fsn^ve) ferto laceaaere aUquMo. To as- 
sail any body from bekinel, a tergo adoriri 
aUqucm : to assail any body wuh stonss, 
aUquem aaxia ioceasoro : with prayers, en- 
treaties, &c, precibus agere cum aliqiio: 
precibua fiitigare aUqwem {to wearv him 
with prayers) : orare aUquem aupplicibua 
▼erbla .- to assail any body wm prayers 
and eissoet witk tears, ommbua precibua, 
pnne lacrimia etiam obaecrare aliquem. 

ASSAILABLE, circumlocution by im- 
pugnari, oppujniari. Sec, poaae. 

ASSAILANT, oppugnator (a g^ patri», 
Liv., aalutia meaa, Cic) : or by circumlo- 
cution with verbs under Assau. (qui, &c 
adoritur aUquem, laceaait, impugnat aU- 
ouem), or Off th^ participles (inrftdena, 

ASSAILER, oppugnater. Vid. Assail- 

ASSASSIN, aicariua {ons who makes 
murder a trade, qf which the aica is Ue 
toot) : percuaaor alicHJua': auetor necia 
{ons who actually struck the death-blow) : 
interfiactor {general term ocoiaor only in 
PleuU,! peremtor, interemtor, Zate). 7b 
Atra an as e amin , oonducere aliquem ad 
cedem fac^endam : to hire an assassin to 
kill any body, percuaaorem emere in aU- 
quem : percuaaorem alicui aubomare. 
Sometimes inaidiaror {one who kills by 

ASSASSINATE, cndem (»ex inaidttq) 
&cere, ccmmnitteret any body, aUquem 
ex inaidiia interflcero: aliquem percu- 
tere {to striks) : trucidare (cm doesn like 
an ox; butcher): to en^doy anf/ body to 
aseateinau another, aUoui negonum dare, 
ut aUquem interilciat. 

ASSASSINATION, ccadea : * cedea ex 
inaidiia facta : to accuse any body of as- 
sassination, accuaare inter aiearioa {Cic^ 
Rose Am., 33, 90). 

, ASSAULT, Vn adortri, aggrtdi aUquem : 
impetum hcere or inVadere in aliquem : 
incurrere, incuraare in aUquem : (^puc- 
nare or impugnare (urbem, Stc, also aU- 
quem). frith the sword, ferro petere or 
laceaaere aUquem: in the rear, a teroo 
adoriri aliquem. [Snc. in Absaix..] || To 
commit an assault on any body, att- 
cui manua afierre, admovdre, i^jicere: 
aUcui vim afierre {also ^ to lay violent 
hsMde on, to kUt) : aUcui vim et manua 
iz\}ioera {to co mm it violence): plagam or 
pLagaa alicui imponere, infligere, n^Jicere 
{to strike any body). 

ASSAULT, a., imp«tna : incuraua {both 
of enemies and ef a disease) : of^ugnatio, 
impotua in locum factua {aseault on a 
town). A personal assault,yia or rerbin. 
To comma an assault upon any body, 
alicui vim atferre {Cic) : vim facere m 
aliquem (TV.). [Vid. Assault. v.\ To 
accuse any body of an assault, or oring 
an action ofassauU against any body, aU- 
quem, reum facere de vL TOtaksatown, 
Ac, by assault, vi or impetu ct^^ere : vi 
or per vim expugnare : impetu facto 
acalis capere. To determine on an as- 
sault, exerdtum ad urbem oppugnandam 
admovfire : to order an assault, urbem vi 
adoriri or oppugnare: acalia muroa ag- 
grddL To com mit a criminal assault, vim 
or stupnim afierre aUcui; atuprum in- 
ferre uicui ; per vim atnprare aliquam ; 
decua muUobre expugnare {Liv.). [Vid. 
Attack end 1 

ASSAULTER, oppugnator. Vid. As- 


ASSAY, v., tentare, experiri, pericUtari 
aUquem or aUquid : pcriculum facere 
aUcuJns or aUcuJua rei [Vid. d^erencs 
in AasAT, «.] : exploraro aUquid: pro- 
bare is in thts m ean i ng without classical 
authority. To assay aiy strength, tentare 
quid poaaim: let us assay our strength, 
expenamur, quid uterque poaait: to oa- 
aoy, if, Ac, experiri, si. Sec. : whetha^-or, 
utnim an, Sec 11 Try, Scc^ teataro: 



conari: to a$9ay {gold, &c), aliquid ad 
obrussam exigere (obroste, OMoy oyjirt) ; 
imi spectftre aliquid ond (Jigvratioelyj 
aiiquem {Cie.'^ : to a»*a^ any bodjftjidm- 
Uff alicujus fiaem inspicere (Oo.). 

ASSAY, «., Centado: tentamen (gen- 
eral term for trial: the former as act: the 
latter only in Ov^ but doubtlae current in 
prate): experimentum (trieUfor thepur^ 
pose of obtainin£[ experience) : pericolQm 
(frial attended wttk ri$k). Assay of gold, 
obmsea (trioi by fire) : apectatio (e. g^ 
pecnni»). To make assay. Vid. to As- 
sat, V. 

AdSAYER, spectator (e. g., pecunie). 

ASSECUTION, comparatio: adeptio. 

ASSEMBLAGE, \\ assembly, Vid. 
\\ Collection of things: acervna: cu- 
mulus : congeries : strues (Amp, pile, 
fivN. in Hkap): muldtudo : thesaurus 
{assemblage of valuables) : |jp* collectio 
is only the act of assembling ; e. g., col- 
lectio membrorum Absyrti {Cie.): col- 
lectus occiars in Frontb., de Limit (col- 
lectus aquas plurialis). 

ASSEMBLE, tr., cogere {properly^ to 
drive together; to bring together to one 
point) : congragare (to drive together like 
a herd) : conyocare (to call together) : com- 
ducere : contrahere (to draw togwier ; e. 
g.; troops): to assemble the people, con- 
cionem vocare or convocare : the senate, 
aenatum cogero or convocare : the troops 
(for the purpose of addressing them), miU- 
tes in concionem convocare : to assemble 
troops at a given plaoe, mUites, copiaa in 
unum locum cogere, conducere, or c(m- 
trahere. Intk^ cogi : so congregare : 
convenire : coire (to come together) ; con- 
fluere: irequentea convenire (of fiowing 
tog&her in a large body) : convolare (to 
fy together in haMe) : to assemble in the 
senate-house (after being summoned), in 
•enatum or in duriam cogi. 

ASSEMBLING (partuipial substan- 
tive), concregatio ; convocatio. 

ASSEMBLY, \\ of persons: conven- 
tos (assembly as meeting at a certain or 
appointed place) : coetus (assembly as meet- 
mg to assist in a common purpose) : con- 
cio (assembly as summoned to listen to tm 
address ; e. g., of the people, of soldiers) : 
circuluB (assembly as circle converting to- 
gether, or standing round a speaker) : coro- 
na (crovd encircling a speaker) : consessns 
(a sitting- assembly ; e. g., of judges, spec- 
tators, &rc): concilium (a summoned as- 
tembly, in which one declares what is to be 
done): consilium (an assembly in which 
each person is to dedare what he thinks 
should be done) : comitia, plural, is an hi»- 
torical term for the meOing of the Roman 
people : acroasis (&Kp6aoti, a conversa^ 
tione : an assembly where one or more en- 
tertain the rest by singing, reading aloud, 
&c.). A numerous assembly, celeber con- 
Tentus : celebritas (so far as a place is 
visited by numbers j is of much resort) : 
frequentta (so far as an assembly is in it- 
0^ numerous: eo far as sufficient num- 
bers are present). To summoi^ an assem- 
bly, concionem vocare, advocare, or con- 
Tocare : any body to an assembly, aiiquem 
ad concilium vocare : to hold on assanbly, 
concilium or concionem habere : to dis- 
miss an assembly, concilium <m- concionem 
dimittere (all these, of course, to be used 
according to the nuaning of concio, con- 
cilium, &c.). 

ASSENT, v., assentiri or (more common^ 
ly) asacntire alicui (ut, &c.) : annuere (ab- 
solutely) : consentire alicui rei or ad all- 
quid (to an offer or proposal) : concedere 
aiicui rei (to yield to it). 

ASSENT, «., ftsaensio : assensus : aatip- 
ulado : astipiflatus. With my assent, mo 
Bisentiento ; me annuente. 

A8SENTATK)N, assentatio (CicY 

ASSERT, aio (to qffirm a propositu»n by 
simply ejpressing it : opposed to nego) : 
dffirmare (to qf^m it as certain : opposed 
to doubts and rumors, dubitare) : asseve- 
rare (to assert strongly and in earnest: 
cppqsed to a light or Jocular affirmation) : 
defcnderc (to maintain a proposition that 
is attacked): contendere (to perseoeringly 
maintain an cpiniou against contradic- 
tion): dicere (to say, without any accss- 
$ory notion). To assert that any thing is 


not so, negare. Democritus asserts that 
nobody can be a great poet without some- 
thing of madness, Democritus negat sine 
furore quemquam poetam masiium esse 
posse. ^^Not asaerere. ^Defend, 
deiendere: defenaare: friom or against 
any body, ab aUquo, ccmtra aiiquem, a^ 
aliquA re : toeri : tatari (ab aliquo, ab all- 
qua re, condti aiiquem or aliquid) : pro- 
pugnare pro aliqua re. Jn. del^dere et 

Erotegere ; defendere et propugnare [vid. 
Defend]. \\ Claim; vindicate a ti- 
tle to: rem sibi or ad ae vindicare (by 
law or not) : tenure : obatlnere (to make 
good ontfs right to a disputed pqsssssion) : 
retinere (to withhold any thing, not to 
give it up). Jn the poets and later prose 
writers, asserere aliouid aHoai (sibi), or 
asaerere only (se coslo aaserere, Ov. So 
** assert the native skies,** Dryd.; L e., 
claim to be heaven-bom : nee laudes asaere 
nostras, Ov.; nee sapieutis nomen sibi 
asseruit, Quint.). To assert a right suc- 
cessfully. Jus tenure, obtinftre, retin§re : 
to assert a right (= to endeavor to make it 
good), jus peraequi : to assert ont^s liber- 
ty (S. e., to escape from an actual servi- 
tude), se in libertatem asserere; se aa- 
serere (Ov^. 

ASSERTION, affirmatio: aaseveratio 
(Jitoth as an action) : sentcntia (opinion) : 
opinio : decretum : dogma (opinion qfa 
school in philosophy). To retract an as- 
sertion^ aententiam mutare : revoearo. 
^j^ Assertio is the maintaining in a 
court of justice that a person is a fru 
manor atlaxe. 

ASSERTIVE, aiens (opposed to negans) : 
(affirm advus in grammar, DtofRwI. •* In 
a confident and assertive form,** affirraate 
(Cie.) : affirmatiaabne (QelL). 

ASSERTER, aasertor alicujus rei (vin- 
dicator; e. g., gladius asaertor libertatis, 
Sen.): propugnator alicujus rei (e. g., 
libertatis, Cic, a chamjnon of a caus^ : 
defensor (a drfendir ; tuso one who wards 
off any thing^ : qui aliquid afflrmat, &c. 
(affirmer: lArmator, UUs: Ulp., TertuH, 
Min. Fel.). 

ASSESS, cens§re (to value any bod^s 
property t^th a view to taxation : to ix, 
therefore, not how much he is to pay, but 
what his whole ratable property it to be 
considered). To assess a town, &c., cen- 
sure (to value all the proper tif) : tributa in 
singula capita imponere (to put so much 
on each individuaC). Also by cireumloeu- 
tion with tributum, Tectigal, &c., impo- 
nere alicui or alicui rei : my estate is as- 
sessed very high, agris (meis) pergrande 
vectlnd impoutum eat (Cic). To be as- 
sessed, censeri ; vecdgal or tnbntummihi 
impositum eat : * aliquid ex censu (quo- 
tannis) conferre or pendj^re (cf. onmes 
Siculi ex censu qnotannis tributa con- 
ferunt, Cic). I am assessed at two mill- 
ion sesterces, * sestertii vicies ex censu 
(quotannis) confcro. 

ASSESSMENT. The nearest words are: 
tributum (poll-tax; inoome4ai): vectigal 
(land-tax): census (any body's estimated 
property): «etimatio (act of valuing). 
As act: *tributorum in singula capita 
distributio (dividing, amon^ the rate- 
payers, the whole sum to be levied). 

ASSESSOR, lions who sits by an- 
other, in court or council-room, to 
advise him: assessor: also synfidrus 
(eanong the Greeks, t^ a member of a col- 
legium, Sic, Lvo.y II One who is next 
in dignity:, qm assidct alicui (poetical- 
ly after Hor. : assidet iusano) : better, qui 
ad alioucm, or alicui prope, or prox^us 
acccdit: or by qui cum aliquo dignitate 
exsaquatur (of actual equality) : qui se- 
cundum locum difpitatis obdnet; qui ali- 
cui dignitate proxunus eat (of occupying 
the second jMce). The assessor of a t^vne, 
proximus or secundus a rege : aecundum 
gradum im[>crU tenfire. || Assessor of 
taxes: * qui tributa in singula capita m- 
vidit: censor [vid. Asssssj: SBStiiiiator: 
*qui quantum a qnoque viro ex oensu 
conferendum sit, sBsnmat (f): exactor 
vectigalium (tax-gatherer). 

ASSETS. The nearest, p«rh(^,fortaoH 
tota (alone or with quam aliqius reliquit, 
if the person is dead, Phadr., % 5^ B): bona 
(all his goods). 


ASSEVEB, ^aaaeverare. Vid. As* 

ASSEVERATE, S axBT, Affibx. 
ASSEVERATION, aaseverado. Vid. 


ASS-UEAD, adpes, caudex, asinua. 

ASSIDUITY, asaiduitas (continued, un- 
interrupted exertion) : aedulitas (indrfat- 
igeJtle bustling activity in small maiters) : 
diligentia (careful and close appUauion) : 
industria (industry of a high and elevated 
hint^. Vid. Industbt. 

ASSIDUOUS, assiduus (constantly act- 
ive) : sedulus (busily active, bustling : op- 
posed to piger) : industriut (resUessly act- 
ive in high matters : opposed to segnia) : 
dilisens (car^uUy and closely ap^ying 
ones thoughts and exertions to the attain- 
ment of an object). To be assiduous in 
any business, in re agendi acrem et in- 
dustrium esse. 

ASSIDUOUSLt, assidue : industrie : 
diligenter: sedolo. Syn. t» Assiduous. 


ASSIGN, aaaignare (to assign any thing 
to any body, espeeiaUy of lands to colonists : 
also munus alicui, a task, Cic) : attribn- 
ere alicui aliquid (general term for grant- 
ing to a person : also of public lands, 
money, Sec): delegare aUquem (to refer 
any body to another who is to do any 
thing ; to e^ppoint a third person to pay 
aneiher or to be paid by him: delegare 
est vice su4 alium reum dare creoitorl 
vel cui iuaserit, Ulp., Dig. ; e. g., dele- 
gare deUtorem, to refer any body to one 
who is in my debt and will pay him : IwUl 
assign you to Epicurus, he will pay you ; 
delegabo tibi Epicflrum : ab iUo net nn- 
merado, Sen. Alto delegare alicui aii- 
quem, ciil numeret, to order him to pay a 
debt due to me to a third person). To as- 
sign lands to any body, assignare alicui 
agros: to assign public lands to the people, 
plebem in agris constituere; muidtudi- 
nem in agris coUocare: to assign the 
troo^ winter-quarters, hibema constitu- 
ere : to assign every man his task, suum 
cuique munus describere : «loney to any 
body, attribuere aliciii pecuraam: idicui 
pecuniam curare (sc. aolvendam ab ali- 
quo, to order it to be paid by a third per- 
son). II To assign a reason, rationem, 
cauaam afferre : any thbtg as an excuse^ 
excusare aliouid. i|/n law: to prove 
or establisk (as in, to assign error; 
false judgment ; a waste, &c.), planum 
lacere : planum facere atque probare : 
testibus planum facere : or productis tea- 
tibus probare (ifl>y evidence). 

ASSIGNABLE, qui, Sec., assignari po- 
test; qui ostendi, nominari, did potest. 
Thav is no assignable cause, nulla ratio, 
or causa afierri potest: nihil affertur, or 
afferri potest (cur. Sec). 

ASSIGN ATS, «literiB quo deveraOrft 
publicA cnvent 

ASSIGNATION, eonsUtatum (assigna- 
tion and place of assignation) : to have an 
assignatwn with any body, consdtutum 
habere cum aliquo : to nuUte an assigna- 
tion with any body, conatitucre aucui 
(Jtt9.,.3, 13, Rupert) : to keep an assigna- 
tion, venire ad consdtutum. V^^ These 
are general terms, not confineato the ap- 
pointments of lovers. \\The making 
over any thing to any body: aasig- 
natio: attributio: perscriptio: delegatio. 
SvN. of verbs in AsisiON. 

ASSIGNEE : no exact expression. Cir- 
cumlocution by qui ab aliquo delcgatur : 
qui mandata hiBibiet ab aliquo. 

ASSIGNER, qui aadgnat^ desciibit. 
Sec Vid. Assign. 

ASSIMILATE, simularc aliquid alicui : 
assimulare aliquid alicui: similem facere : 
square: adsequare aliquid cum aliquft 
re : later, mostly in the historians, alicui 
reL II To assimilate food: digercro 
dbos (to convey food in a proper manner 
to the different parts ojf the body, Celt.) : 
concoqucre ciboa (to digest food). 

ASSIMILATION. simulaUo : assimu)»- 
tio. II <y/ood ; digesdo : concocdo (di- 
getdo is, according to Cdsus, the passings 
of food, whether digested or not, to the 
proper parts qf the body: concocdo i» 
" digestion*'). 

ASSIST, juvare, adjuvarc, operi adju- 
varo aiiquem : in any thing, in aliquA re : 


aaxOinm ferre alicai : auxiHari, tUciii : 
esK in aiudlio aKcni: opem ferre alieul: 
opitalaii alkid : saccmrere alicai, aabve* 
aire aliciil: subaidio Tenire aliciDd: aab- 
lerare aKqawn. (dnf. in Aid.) To tu- 
«te Mty bodff in. noinf any tkinM, aUeoi 
0|iicalari in allqaA re nciendA : i^ai op- 
cran aoam commodare ad aliqcdd; an- 
CQi operam preMre in aliqoA re. Thtir 
hodOtf ttnngtk did not oMitt tk«m, nihil 
lia coriKMia rirea anxOiat» sunt (Cie.). 
To aBtiat di^^mtion, concoctiooea a4Ju* 

ASSISTANCfi, anxmiim: ops: fabai- 
diun: adtpunentum : opera. [8rs. in 
Am» «:] Bf any hodtfo aooitianee^ aflicn- 
^ anxilio, ope, adhimento : aUci^Jafope 
a^hitoa: aliqao aajnrante; aliquo adja- 
tore: alieujoaoper^ Without /orHgn Q. 
e., another'*) aooietancet mxk aponte ; per 
to: bftke aanttantx qf Ood, JuTante Deo, 
dirini ope or (if tpoktt^-eonditionaUy) dk 
Beos Juret or adjuvaUt To offer on^e 
am*tance to amiff body, offerre se, fi (jao 
iBas opene ait : toward or for any thing, 
ad aliqtdd operam auam pn^terl: to 
bring or hear asaietanee to any body, ali- 
evi aiudliiim, opem aaxiliumqne, prstl* 
£ain, mppetiaa or aobsidium ferre : ali- 
coi anxmum offerre : alicai adeaae or 
pTBttoeaae (imcnwofnettf). T\}»edtor 
aU in the aseietanee of a phtnictant medi- 
eo Qti; medicum morbo adnib€re : for a 
tick peroon, medictmi ad ngrotom addn- 
eere. In eeenf dreumstanee of lift we re- 
guira the ae eiet anee of owr feUow-men^ om- 
nia ratio atqne inatitatio Tit» adjumcnta 
hominom detiderat : to tend any body to 
another'e assietance, aUqnem autJUo or 
nbddio mittere: aliqnem aiudlii cauad 
mittere: to eend the infantry Ut the aa- 
tietance qf any body, pedifiea aUcui subai- 
dio or snppetiaa mittere : to go to any 
hodfe aeetetaneet alicui anxifio Tenire: 
aiieui sappetiaa ire or profidsci; alicui 
sobTenire or succurrere : to beg, Scc^ any 
bodice aeeietanoe, anxiliam, or opem, or 
opem atque aiucilium, or prcBsidium pe- 

ASSISTAin*. adjntor (general term, 
tieo aetietant teacher^ : aocius (partner in 
•myttimgi e. g:, fiirtoram) : minister: 
admsndater (one who ie freeent and aseiete 
in a tvhordinate eapaetey: eepedaUy in a 
bad eente) : coUdga (eoUeague) : hypodi- 
daacHoa (mnder-maeter). Jn. minister et 
adjutor; sodna et partioepa alicnjos rei : 
aerma et minister alici;^ju8 rei. To be 
any bodi^a aaaiatant in any thing, alicujoa 
sodom ease in re : i» a crisu^ scderi af- 
to&n ease : to take any body for omfa aa- 
aiataat, aliqnem sodnm sibi adhmgere : 
in any thing, aliaaem sodtmi adhibere in 
re : to giee any body any body for an aa- 
aiatant in any thing, alicui dare aUquem 
ad rem adjutorem. 

ASSISTANT, a4;^ adJ&Tana. Tobeaa- 
aiasant to any body, jarare or a4iaTare all- 
quern. Vtd. to Assist. 

ASSIST£R> adj&tor : qui opem, anxOi- 
um, Scc^ lert alicni: qui aucni adfnit, 
prasrto fuit alicui (in need)y Sec. Wd. As- 

ASSIZE, conTentns (the coming togeth- 
er of peraona, at a given time and place^ 
' for the trial of their eauaea). To hold an 
eaaiu or c&< aa^xea, conventum agore : a 
jwige qfaaaizCf qoi jure dicundo conven- 
tos drcumit (Vid. Cincurr.) To have 
finiaked or returned from the aaaizea (i e., 
a nJM2r etreuii)^ conTcntus pcregisse. 
tAatiie of bread, *pretiam pani con- 

ASSIZER of broody * qui pretium pani 

ASSOCIATE, »., TIL, sodore : conjun- 
gere aliqoid cum allqu& re: a^jungere 
afiquid alicui rd : anybody with any ^y, 
allqaem sodum or comitem addere au- 
fui. To aaaodau any body with myaetfy 
enrMieeaj &c aUquem in eodetatem as- 
tnsaen or aacribere (general term) ; ali- 
qnem in coUegiuni optare (of election irUo 
a corporate body by the mMera). bmu, 
\keep company with: aliquo fiunilia- 
liter or inflme ua ; in familiaritate alicu- 
jas Teraari : alao TlTere cum aUqno; se 
eomitcm or sodum aoUungere alicui. 
I Join one*a aelf to, se jnngere or con- 


jungero cum aliquo (genend term) : ao- 
cietatem iniro, coire, taeore cum aliauo 
(enter into a company ^ league^ Ste^ with) : 
fbadua ^Mere cum aUquo (of a league or 

ASSOCIATE, adi^ fboderatus : fosdere 
Junctns : sodus (aJiy). 

ASSOCIATE, «., sodus (partner, com- 
panion : bound to another hu common in- 
tereata : in any thing, alicmus rd ; e. g., 
periculi ; eriminis) : sod&lis (comrade, 
emnpanion: bound to another by liking, 
for enjoyment, &c.): pakticeps alicujus 
rei : consors alicujus rd (one who aharea 
in an enjoyment or poaaeaaion : the pard- 
ceps [ofpeied to expers], voluntarily tak- 
ing a part : the consors [qppoaed to ex- 
sors], beeauae, without co-operating, he ia 
entiued to a akare: sodus impeni, a eo- 
regent aofar aa he actually aharea the buai- 
neaa of a government ; consors, aa far aa 
the office u merely honorary: paiticeps 
ejuadem laudis; conjurationis, Tolupta- 
tis : consors laboris, mendadtatis, Titio- 
rum — in lucris atque furtis): convictor 
(one who alwaya livea with another) : comes 
(comoanion : one who keepe company with 
another, eepeciaUy on a journey, in walk- 
ing, &c.) : affinia alicujus rd or aUcul rol 
(impUcated in any thing, moatly in aome- 
thing bad, affinis crimini: noxe, cnlpae). 
To declare hie aaaodatea, conscios edere : 
to rtfuae to declare lAem, conBcios celare. 

ASSOCIATION, II union, sodataa: to 
have formed a friendly aaaodation, aoci- 
etatom caritatis eoiisso inter se. || /I 
union of per a on a for a particular pur- 
poae: sodetas (for aome common buai- 
neaa : intellectual, commercial, &c.) : soda- 
Utas (a brotherhood ; a union of compan- 
iona i e. g., of certain prieata at Rome ; 
then of any amilar aaaociation ; e. g.. of 
the freemaaona) : &ctio (a political party : 
moatly in a bad aenae) : collegium (a cor- 
poration i e. g., of merchanta, prieata, arti- 
aana,SicJ). \\" Aaaociation ofideaa:'* 
Hand thbuta that *associatio idcarum 
muat be allowed aa a technical term. 

ASSORT, in genera digerere (qfter 
etc., De Or., 1, 42. 190) : digerere : in or- 
dinem dkerere. Vid. Arranqb. 

ASSORTMENT, ||act of arrang- 
ing, Slc, ordinatio: circumlocution with 
in genera dicerere, &c. || A collection 
of gooda, ecc., properly arranged: 
*merces in genera dtgestee, bui moatly by 
mcrces only, with a auitable adjective ; e. 
g., " an aaaortment qf foreign goode,''* mer- 
ces peregrinffi. 

ASSUAGE, lenire : mitigare: molUre: 
leTarej aHeraro; sublovare: temperare, 
[Stk. in A1.LKTIATK.] To aaauage hun- 
ger or thirat, famem or sitim sedare : si- 
am reprimere : famem or sitim explere, 
depellere. Intr., njinni, se minuere, tmd 
minuere only: imminui: rcmitti; se re- 
mittero: levari; sublevari: leuiri: miti- 
gari. SvN. in Adatk. 

ASSUAGEMENT. Vid. Alleviation. 

ASSUAGER, circumlocution by verba 
under Assuagk [scdator, Amob.]. 

ASSUASIVE, dolorem lenicns or miti- 

ASSUBJUGATE. Vid. Subjxjoati. 

ASSUEFACTION, drcumlocntion by 
assuefacero (alicui rei, or with the infinl- 

ASSUETUDE, assuetndo (to any thing, 
alicujus reh. 

AS;;UM£, \\take, sumcre : capere. To 
aaaune aa a pretence, simuloro. || Take 
or arrogate to one* a aelf, sumere: 
sibi sumere, assumere, nsdsccre, arro- 
gare or tribucre : aliquid vindicare sibi or 
ad se : aliquid usurpare. To aaaume the 
name of king, rcgium nomen sumere: 
regium nomen sibi asciscere : to aaaume 
tke royal authority, regnum sibi vindi- 
care : the praiaea of another, * aUus laudes 
vindicare ad se : great authority, magnam 
auctoritatem sibf sumere. || Take for 
granted : sumere, or habere, or putare 
pro certo : pro certo, or comprobato po- 
nere, or ponere only. You have aaaumed 
that the goda are happy, deos beatos esse 
sumsisti : tkia being aaaumed and grant- 
ed, hoc posito et concesso (posito alone ia 
bad). All phOoaophera aaauane, inter om- 
nes philoaopfaoB constat 


t ASSUMER, arrdgana: imdlons : m- 

ASSUMING, arrogans: insolens: so- 

ASSUMPTION, vindicatio (act o/ctotm- 
ing to on^e ae^f) : usurpatio (illegal aa- 
aumption). \\ Arrogance: arrogantia: 
insolentia: superbia. [Vid. Asjiooancb.] 
JK Poatulate : sumtio (by which Cic 
tranalatea the Qreek }(^fifta): coivjectura 
(conjectural aaaumption) : ^pramissa syl- 
logismi (in lo^ic: assumtio ia "the mi- 
nor'* propoaition). On thia owimpdon, 
hoc posito atque concesso. || Aaaumv- 
tion into heaven (e. g., of the Virgin 
Mary), * assumtio in coohim; or by dr- 
eumlocution with * in cesium assQmi (qftar 
assimitus est in cmlum in the Creed). 

ASSURANCE, flducia (the proper word, 
the laudable trust in thinga we actually can 
truat, which ia allied to the courage qf 
trusting in ouratloea) : confidentia (a 
blamable, preaumptuona truat, particularly 
in ont^a own atrength: oppc^ed to fore- 
eight and diacretion) : audacia (confidence 
ariaing from contempt of danger: it may 
imply euher praiae or ,diapraiae) : auden- 
tia (laudable confidence ; spirit of enter- 
priae): fidentia ("Fidcntia est per 
quam magnis et honestis in rebus mul- 
turn ipse animus in se fiduciie certd 
cum spe collocavit," Cic.) : fides (faith in 
a man a honor) : spes firma : spes certa 
(confident etpectation) : firma animi con- 
nsio : animus ccrtus et conflrmatus. The 
full aaauranee of aafety, certa fidncia (e. 
g., aalntis : oppoaed to spes). To cauae 
aaauranee, fiduciam faccre : alicui fidud- 
am afierre : to feel a full aaauranee, cor- 
tam spem habere ; magnam fiduciam Iia- 
bgre. With aaauranee (=zfirmneaa, bold- 
neaa), fldenter: fidenti animo: (=tn a 
^pirit of raah confidence) confidenter. 
^Want of modeaty, confidentia (e. g., 
viddte quo rultu, qu4 confidentid dicant, 
Cic.) : impudentia : os impttdcns, or du- 
rum, or forreum : a man of consummate 
aaauranee, homo per&icta fh)ntis. || A 
pledge or aecurity for payment: 
flducia (alao a aale, on condition of being 
permitted to buy back the thing aold). To 
receive auch an aaauranee, fiduciam acci- 
pere : to hold it, fidudam commisoam te- 
nere. || Poaitive and confident 
atatement : circumlocution by confir- 
mare aliquid alicui : coiifirmare do ali- 
qnd re : or with the accusative and infini- 
tive. He gave them a aolemn aaauranee, 
which he confirmed by an oath, that he 
would let them paaa unmoleated trough Ma 
territory, poHicitus est et jurcjurondo con- 
firmavit, tutum iter per tines sues data- 
rmn. |I Inaurance, Vid. 

ASSURE, II mat'nrain the certainty 
of any thing: nfflrmare : confirmaro 
(to aaaert the certainty of a thing emphat- 
ically): asseverare (to maintain a thing 
eameatly : assercre ia bad in thia aenae) in 
the Oolden Age with do, or the accusative 
and infinitive : pro certo aflHrmare : 
sancte affirmare : with an oath, jurcju- 
rando affinnarc or confirmare. He aaaur- 
ed them with an oath that he would give, 
&c., jurejurando confirmavit— daturum, 
&c. Be aaaured, pcrsuadeas tibi ; pcrsua- 
sum tibi eit; credc mihi, or, more com- 
monly, mihi crede (parefuhetically) ; per- 
suadeas tibi velim ; velim tibi ita pcrsua- 
deas : sic volo tibi pcrsuadSre. You may 
be aaaured that lahall do every thing, iUud 
cave dubit^ quin ego omnia faciam, Sec. 
To feel aaaured of any body' a fidelity, ejus 
fides mihi cogmta est \\Produce in 
any body the feeling of certainty 
about any thing: fiduciam faccre ali- 
cui ; fidudam afferre alicui. To feel aa- 
aured of or about any thing, maznam fidu- 
ciam habere alicujus rei \iaetroth: 
deaponddre aUquem alicui; desponsare 
(later, SuetX 

ASSURED, II certain (objectively: of 
thinga): certus: exploratus: non dubi* 
us. It ia an aaaured experience, inter om- 
hes constat, or constat on^/ : a man ofaa- 
auted integrity, vir spectat»» fidei. || Cer- 
tain (auijcctively : of persona) : certus. 
WHaving unbecoming aaauranee: 

ASSUREDLY, || ««rely; without 



doubt : oorte, oerto (liU farmer reHoHw 
more to the pertuaeion of the speaker ; tie 
Utter to tho real mate of the eaee: both 
certe icio and certo ado occur; the lattv 
wtore eommonfy : oerte i» u$ed oHeetivelv 
in oerte evenire [ProA Intr^ iL, ^1, &c.] 
— Uquido (ufith eleameee ; leUk full cer- 
talntif ; without hetitation^; e. g^ dicere ; 
conflrmare, Cie. : Jurare, TVr.S : haud 
dubie : sine ull& dubitatione (lih* certe : 
to intimate that the epeaker entertains no 
doubt qf the truth of hie aetertion) : pro- 
fecto 0. e^ for a fact : a strong aeeer- 
tion, that the etateatent inade ie objeetioely 
true: aiao the "doubtleetf of aeowmption ; 
at in "aesuredijf you are now at Rome,^^ 
nunc qiiidem profecto Rom» et) : «tne 
icertaMy ; of which a eane mind can not 
entertain a doubt: used, aleo^ in repUee) : 
D» {netwUf =s prqfecto, but etande only at 
the head cf a aenttnce, mostly before a per- 
sonal pronoun) : recte (assure^ ; you 
are right: a.oourteous assent w r^pUee}: 
utiqtio (a restrietioe particls of assertion : 
in Cuu, chiefi^ in his totters, with knpera- 
tioe, subjunetvae, and other expressions of 
wishing^ advieiuf, or commanding) : nl- 
mirum (of what is so certain^ that it would 
be surprising if it were othsnoise; e. g^ 
Dimiram recte^. f^^ " Jssuredly," in a 
sentence eontaxning a posUioe assertion^ 
map often bs translated by non daUto, 
qnin, Stc Assuredly this can happen, 
Bon dubito, quia hoc fieri poartt || Iv 
NOT — YXT ▲sauBBDX.r (=«( oU soenls), 
ai non— at sidtem ; si noQ— Kserte. H "•<<<- 
suredlp," as an anewa": certe: sane or 
▼ero (qfien with the verb used in the ques- 
tion): sane quidem. SowMtknee recte: 
opUme {of courteous assent). " Do you 
grant us thisf* '* Assured^ (/ do)," 
dasne hoc nobis f do sane. [PracL In^^ 
U., 14a, 149.] 11 Ironically : certe ; qui- 
dem certe; nempe; scilicet: videli(»t; 
niminun (of theee, oerte is the only one 
that can stand alone). U I believe any 
thing assuredly, persoasum est mihi; 
perraasi mihi: to know assuredly, oerto 
(pro certo) scire : pro ezplorato ha^re 
aliqaid ; certum, exploratam or comper- 
tum habere aUquid. 

ASSURERf qui eavet de or pro aliqui 
re (he who givee the security) : *qai can- 
tionem adhlbet alicui rei (As vAo takes the 

ASTERISK, asteriscus (iartpioKos). 


ASTERN, by drcuMloeution with pup- 
pla. " Those astern,*' qui in puppi sojit 
or sedcnt 

ASTHMA, dyspncea (Sigrvoia): anhe- 
latio: spiritus angustior; angustin spiri- 
tda. Also meatus anim» gravior et so- 
nantior (after PUn., 6, 16, 13). To have 
the asthma, dy^spnced laborare: gravem 
tardumque spiritum ezpedire. 

ASTHMATIC, ?angusti pectoris: 

ASTHMATICAL, > spiritOs angusti- 
oris: dvspnolcus: asthmaticus. 7b be 
asthmadc, alicui spiritus difficilius reddi- 

ASTONISH, in stuporem dare ; obstu- 
pe&oere (to astound). Circumlocution by 
mlbi minim vidctur, &c You osloniA 
me by, Sec., mirum mihi vidctur, te, ice : 
to be astonished, obstupescere ; obstupe- 
fieri; stupefieri (to be abounded: cuso 
stupor mo invadit : aliquid stupidam me 
tenet) : mirari, admirari, demirari all- 

Juid : accusative with infinitive, or aliquid. 
am astonished at your not writing to me, 
miror te ad me nihil soribere. Tarn as- 
tonished at your not laughing, miror 
quod non rideas, or te non ridfire. Vid. 

ASTONISHING, stnpendns: admh^ 
bills : minis : miriflcus : mirabilis. Some- 
times ingens, immanis (fiuge, immense). 
An astonishing amount of money, imma- 
nes pecunie. TV» perform astonishing 
cures, mirabijlter meddri egrOtis (PUn.). 

ASTONISHINGLY, stapendum in mo- 
dum : miram in modum : mirandum tn 
modom: mirabiliter: valde. 

ASTONISHfifENT, miratio : admh^- 
tio. To create astonishment, admiratlo- 
nem efflcere, mov^re, habere : to fed as- 
tonishment, admiratioae aflUci, admiratio 
me incendit : to fill any body with aston- 


iskment, aligoem in adndrationem ooi^- 

ASTOUND. Vid. Astonish. 

ASTRADDLE. To ride astraddle, *eo, 
quo homines solent modo, equitare. 

ASTRAGAL, astragftlus. 


ASTRAY. To go astn^, errare (also 
figuratioelyy. errore Tagui: vagari et 
errare : to lead astray, a recti viA dodu- 
oere (properly) : inducere ali([uem in er^ 
roretn (figuratively) : intenttonally, pur- 
posdy, scientem : transTersum agere ali- 
quern (to lead him astray from the path of 
virtwf). To be far astray (figuratioely), 
in errore versan : errore captum esse. 

ASTRICT, astringere (opposed to sol- 

ASTRICTION, astrictio (PUn. : astnn- 
gent power) : constrictio (act of binding 
tOjgether: then, of the intutines by medt- 
cinee : late) : contractio (general term, op- 
posed to remissio : porrectio). Astriction 
of the bowels, alvus astricta or restricts. 


varicare is to stand with the legs wide 
apart : divaricatis cruribus or pedibus is 
" with legs or feet wide apart.^* 

ASTRIFEROUS, astrifer (poeticaUy 
and post- Augustan). 

ASTRINGE, astringere (e. g., idvmn : 
opposed to solvere : also qf iruen^ cold, 
ttc.) : constringere (to tie tightly together). 

ASTRINGENCY, astrictio : astrictoria 
r\a (astringent power : herba gostds am&ri 
com astrlraone, PUn. : folia astrictoriam 
▼im habent, PUn.). 

ASTRINGENI^ sstrictorius (PUn^ as- 
trictoria vis) : constrictivus (in late wud- 
ical writere). 

ASTROLOGER, astroldgus : mathe- 
matlcus : (^haldwus (as far as mathemati- 
cians and ChtUdaans foretold (vents by 
the stars) : Chaldaicis rationibus erudltus. 

ASTROLOGICAL, 6y^eA&toe, astrolo- 
eorum [astrologicus, Boeth,]. Sometimes 
Chaldaicus ; e. g., astrological calcula- 
tions, rafiones Chaldaicsa. 

ASTROLOGIZE, mathematic» addlc- 
tum esee (after Sueu, Tib., 69) : Chaldal- 
cis rationibus erudltam esse. 

ASTROLOGY, astroIogU (in classical 
Latin the regular word for •• astronomy f 
afterward = ** astroU>gy'') : ratio sidertlis 
or Bcientia sidertlis (JniowUdge of the 
stars, especially \fused toforetw, events by 
it : tAs former oMeetive ; the latter subject- 
ive) : rationes Chaldaice (astrology^ as 
an art prtuticed by the ChakUums, Ctc) : 
mathematica (e. g., in mathematics ad- 
dictus, SueL) : (jhaldaicum prssdicendi 
genus (Cic). 

ASTRONOMER, astrolSgos; cceli ap 
siderum perltus: astronomus (post-Au- 
gustan). Vid. AST&OLOOER. 

ASTRONOMICAL, astronomlcus : ad 
flider&lem rationcm qiectans or pertlnehs. 

ASTRONOMY, astrologia, astronomia 
(the foriner the classical word : the latter 
post-Augustan) : coeli dimetiendi ratio or 
studium (the meaeuring of the heavens : 
ratio the science, studium the practice of 
it) : lunaris ratio is observation of the 
moon, as a prognostic of the weather. 

ASTUTE. Vid. C^jnnino. 

ASUNDER, seorsum, but mostly hv dis 
or se tn campo$ition ; c.g.,tocutor cleave 
asunder, disddere (terro) : discindere 
(also with ictu) : difimdcre : to be or re- 
main asunder, dlstare (inter se: to be at a 
certain distance apart) : separatum esse, 
disjunctum inter se esse : to saw asunder, 
seiT& dissecare : to dwell asunder, seor- 
sum et non una habitare : to draw asun- 
der, diducere : distrahore (drag asunder 
by violence). 

ASYLUM, asylum (the strict sense, of a 
sacred place of refuge^ : perfugium (gen- 
eral term, any place, thing, or person that 
offers security) : refugium (a secra place 
of refuge, as far as possible removed from 
danger) : receptua (a place to which one 
withdraws) : receptacnlum (a place which 
receives and protects one). To offer an 
asylum to any body^ perfngium prtebftre ; 
refugium dare. Tofiytoan asylum, in 
asjlum pcrftiffere. vid. RxptroB. 

ASYMMETRICAL, non or parom 


«qu&lis : insquabUis : parum c<»igrfieat. 
To be asymmetrical, * parum inter se con- 
sentirc : * nullos habdre commcnsns pro- 

ASYMMETRY, insquaUtas : dou/^cfl- 
rpia, ut Grasco verbo utar. 

ASYMPTOTE, «linea qtta^ drc&Ium, 
&C., tangit, neque secatt ^linea, quai 
drculum, Ac, ita tansit, nt non secet 

AT, II with names of towns, &c : geni- 
tive case of singular nouns qf first or sec- 
ond declension : ablative qf odker nouns. 
At Rome, RonieB : at Athens, Athenis : at 
Pessinus, Pessinunte. ^^ V* <^ oction 
did not tdke place in, but only near the 
place, the pr^osition ad or apud muat be 
used. The by$tle fought at the Trebia, at 
Canna, &jc., i}ugna ad Trebiam, ad Can- 
nas (mostly with, but in JJv. also, without 
commissa, for which Liv. once only uses 
the genitive. 81 Trasimdni quam Tre* 
biflB, si Cannarnm quam Trasimeni 
pugna nobUior fuit). The mutiny wAtcA 
began at Sucro, seditio militum coBpta 
apud Sucrdnem. *<7b fte waiting at 
Rome for a trmmnA," ie ad urbem esse 
(the general clainung the triumph not bo- 
ing permitted to enter the city tiU Ms re- 
quest was granted or reused). To take 
any thing from the temple of Diana at 
Ephesus, tollere aliquid Ephfiso (abla- 
thx, seldom Ephesi) ex fano Diana». [Vid. 
Pract. Intr., IL. p. 271, caution f] Cos- 
sins is at Anaoch with his whole army, 
Cassius in oppido AntiochI» est cum 
omni ezcrcitu (I c, in Antioch, Cic.) : 
Cassius ad Antiochlam est cum omni ex- 
ei-citu (L e., b^ore or near Antioch). || " At,'* 
with ''home,** "house:** genitive of domi. 
Is your brother M home f domine est fra- 
terf a< fftjf house, domi me»: InU also 
in domo meA, and domi apud me. With 
"to dine,** (cosaare) apud with the accw- 
sathe of the person, apud aliqucm co&narc 
l^At my, thy, another's, &c., house^ is 
mostly met^ tu», susb, nostr», vestraa 
alientB domi: but when there is anoihtr 
adjective or a genitive of the possessor, the 
preposition is more common; e. g., in 
domo Cees&ris, but also domi Ctts&ris. 
To stay at home, domi man£re, reniane- 
re: domi se tenare or retinfire. [Vid. 
HoBfS^ House.] || With other local re- 
lations: mostly by ad. To stand at the 
door, ad ostium astare : to be atthegates^ 
esse ad portas : but to halt, &C., at two 
mileif distance is, conaistere, &c, a milli- 
bus passuum duobus. To learn any thing 
at school, in scholA aliquid diacere (Qui»;.). 
11 Ob8. The preposUion ♦• at" afier a verb is 
often not expressed;^ e. g., to aim at any 
body, petere aliqucm: to laugh at any 
thing, ridere aliquid : «liquid risu exci- 
pere (to receive it with a Imtgh). 

AT, with relations qf time : ablative 
case : at that time, eo tempore. Of an 
cppointed tUne, ad : to assemble at the day 
fixed, ad diem convenire. At the right 
time, at the nick qftime, tempore : ad tcm- 
pus (of an appointed time) : suo tempore 
(of events, &c., happening at their prop- 
er time). ^At a party, dinner, Sec, tn 
convivio (TV.): inter ccenam (of any 
thing happening at dinner-time, Cic). 
]| At okce~aKd (=both^-and) ; idem- 
idem (e. g., fuero qui iidem ornate, 
iidem versute dicercn^. 

AT, of an occasion, &c., sometimes 
ad. To raise his eyes at the name of 
Thisbe, ad Thisbes nomen oculos erige- 
re (Op.). 

AT, with words of cost, pbicb, &c. : 
ablative of the price ; e. g., to live at enor- 
mous erpense, profusis aumUbus vivere: 
to be provided at a small charge, parvo cn- 
rata esse. But |y (1) tanti, quanti, wiih 
their compounds, pluris, minoris, are al- 
ways in the genitive. (8) WUh verbs of 
valuing, magai, parvl, maximi, minimi, 
plorlmi, also stand in the genitive: but 
macno, permagno, parro, are also found 
with asafimarc. (3) With verbs of price, 
magno, permagno, minimo, parvo, pluri- 
mo,rdmio,vi]l, always in the ablatice. (4) 
Multi, majoris, are not used, but magni, 
phuia (mnjoria once in PhMdr.). 

f^For such forms as ** at leaat,** «««i 
most," *'at hand,** **at once,** Ac, vid. 
Least, Most, Hand, Once, &c. 

ATHEISl^ eomm impiatM, qal Dmm 

Allien; «th^iu iOe^ SBmy-. qni 
■nDom eate omnlao Deom patat; oui 
Beam («r deos) eate v^fftti hoino impuM 


ATHEOU8. }*°*^' 

ATHIR3T, dtae&s : attkmlteoa : Mitrm- 
thebft alicigaa rei arldoa ; apviteoM. 
[Vi± TmBsnr.] To be atkirwt, aiOre. 

ATHLETIC, raleiM : Talidna : lacerto- 
•as: cm pot e Tigeiu: corpore validua: 
«ypore robosto. Jit. robuatoa et Taleoa. 
Srre. tn SrsoicOk 

ATHWART, In truMTenuin : traoa- 
Tane : ex tranarerao. H Acr0$»t f^po-'- 

ATLAS, fi^€0^rapkieml oOoc, *tab> 
rianxm geognpfaicarum vohimen, or tab- 
«1« feogra^^iic». fiA kind qf Milk,"* Be- 
licas paiuma denaas et colloatratua. 

ATMOdPHERE, afir (Oe denotr »r of 
ike U w er rtgiom» of the atmoophtrt: op- 
footd to ataer, tJu voper^ purer air) : cob- 
hun (cka Aaoacx*; Me wkoU atmo^fturtt 
mbo temperaturt, dimaU). A pure atmo»- 
fkert, afir panu : A«aAAy, coBtnm aalubra 
<r booum ; air aalubiii. 

ATMOSPHERICAL, fry A» fmtMkft, 
aftns arcaolL 

ATOM, atflnrmi, Uf(^ Jlroftoi) : corpoa 
hdirklaam (Cic) : corpus iBdirldiram et 
anlirinm {dc) : corpns insecabUe (Vitr^ 
Qanc). p Oted hfptrboticaUf for a vay 
tmsU portion : not an atom, ne mfaiimnm 
oBMleia : ne tantiUnm qnidem. 

ATONE, H agree, Vu>. H Atone (=«k- 
fitfs, Ac) OHf tiung or far any thing, aU* 
•■id InenB, expiare, paenas alicajas rei 
«axe, pendere, dependere, expendere, sol- 
vere : bf death, wiuh his Ufi, Inere morte, 
eapite. Sowutimee compensare aUqtiid 
cam afiqni re or aUqoi re (to make a 
cotm p t na a ti on or give an equivalent for it). 
I Reconcile, placare : expiare » ndtigare 
or knire [Snt. in Appxasx] : asimum 
tftcujoa in aliquena oflTensiorem recoUi* 
fere: pianare aliqnem aKcoi or in ali- 
q/aem : aliqoem cam aliqao reconciUare, 
or ndaeen, or restitoere in gratiam : aU- 
c^jos anixnom aUcui reconciUare. To 
alone enemhe, inindcos in gratiam recon* 
dtiare: eomponere gratiam inter iniml- 

ATONEMENT, satisfSMtio (eati^aetion 
for an iujurf ; e. g., for kilUn^ a pereon) : 
poBoa (general term for pitn$ahmeni) : pi- 
acotom (m religiou» mattere) : placamen- 
tara (that bf whieh atonement ie made). 
A taeriict of atonem en t, * mors qui na- 
Bwo ptaoBtor or expiatnr. 7b require 
^onement from any body, placulum ab 
afiqoo exigere. To make atonem e nt for 
any thingr aMqnid expiare, luere. [Vid. 
Atonx.] M Reconefliation, &c^ pla- 
eatio (act of appeaaing) : reconciliatao 
eoaoordiflB or grsdeB (roooneUiafion) : re- 
dims in gratiam. To make otonomeM be- 
tween pertooMy aUqaem aUciii or in ali- 
q^Mm placare ; aliqoem com aHquo rec- 
oodliare: aliqnem or alicnius animwm al- 

ATOP, by ae^tctive sommus in agrao- 
MU .* ** «0» of which,** in quo sommo. 

ATRABILARLAN, melanchoHa. 

ATRABILIOUS, melancboUcus. 

ATROCIOUS, dims deteiting horror: 
a p i itp et ty of thing» ; e. g., exsecratio) : 
alrox (txeiaag fear ; e. g., &cinus) : fa»- 
das (font) : abominandus : dotestondus : 
detestabQis (dflCestoMe) : nefandns : nefa- 
rios (tA« former of aeOone ; the latter of 
■ca, eMr thoughite and aetione) : immil- 
■b (ehocking : of aetione) : teter (AidaoiM. 
thadking; abominable m character ana 
enduet). An atrodou» mllain, bomo 
eiBBi parte detestabiUa : homo impuros : 
BOBSlrum nominis. 

ATROCIOUSLY, atrocifier : immanl- 
lir: ibode: teCre. 

ATROCIOUdNES8,)atrocitas: fodi- 

ATROCITY, 5 tas: immaal- 

IM. I if « atrocity, atrox tacinns, &e. 

ATROPHT, tabea (general term) : atro- 
pbla, in Oele. in Grmk charaetare j after- 

ATTACB, Hhind to one'e eel/, ali- 
liem dbi a4h>ng^n • •Hqoem aioi da- 


Tincire: fry any tUa^, afiqnd re : byprao- 
ante, donis aOii obatrineere aliqnem ; 
premiis sibi dertncire afiquem. Some- 
timea c^iere (to captivaie: of female bean' 
tiO : tenure : detindre : aUquem ad se tra- 
here, attrahone or perdocere ; aliqnem in 
paitea dncere or trabere; aliqoem 

•oum fiaoere (to bring over to onie party 
or tide) : aliqnem sibi &cere or reodera 
amicum ; aUcujos amidtiam sibi parare, 
co mp arare, coneiliare ; animnm. aUcojos 
libi eondliare et ad osas snoa adjongere 
(to gain any bodefe friondehip). \\Ar- 
reet, oompr^iendere (general term) : in 
eostodiam dare : in vinoala oon^cere 
(ffrrow tn<o ^risoa^. To attach great im- 
portance to the dreumetanee, Aat, Ac, 
irfnrimi fiwiendam existimare, qnod, 4tc. 
II Seize, Vid. 

ATTACHMENT, amor : ▼olnntaa : ca- 
rYtas : stodiom : benerolentia [Snt. in 
ArrscnoN] : toward any body, amor in, 
erga. adrersus aliqaem : bcneroleatia, 
voluntas in or erga aliquem. From at- 
ta tkwunt , propter amorem or beneToIen* 
tiam. (ifore under AnrxcnoN.) H Ar- 
reet, comprehensio (e. g., sontiom) : pre- 

ATTACK, e., adoriri, aggr«di aliqoem : 
impetnm facere, or invadere in aliqaem : 
incurrere or incorsare in aliquem : op- 
pugnare or in^>a^[nare (otbem, &«. ; alao 
aliquem) : aUo signa inferre in hostem ; 
signis infestis inferri in hostem: with the 
rword, ferro petere or laoessere aliqoem : 
in the rear, a tergo hostes adortri ; hosd- 
um terga impngnare : in front, in adver- 
sos hostes impetum focere : in /lank, in 
latos hostium incorrere: in two bodies, 
signa b^partlto inferre : to be attacked be- 
fore and bekind, ancipiti ade opprimi 
(Curt), U To attack wUh words: die- 
to or conTicio incessere, laoessere, Insec- 
tari, consectari, adoriri aliquem (general 
term) : (acerbias) inrehi in aliquem (m- 
veigh against) : petere aliqoem : poonare 
contra aliauid : impognare aUquia : in 
controrersiam vocare aliquid (combat a 
proposition). To aUaek a man's option, 
impognare alicujos aententiam : a man's 
renutoHon, glory, &c., de fami or gloriA 
alicujus detarahere ; dignitatem alksojos 
impognare ; alicojos existimationem op- 
pugoare; incorrere in alici^as famam: 
to attack openly, aperte petere aliqoid : se- 
cretly, covertly, oocolto cunicolis oppng- 
nare aliquid (Cic, Agr., 1, 1, iniL). || To 
be attacked by a diseaee: tentari 
morbo (of a light attack) : conipi morbo 
(qf a severe attack) : to attack the eye», aci- 
em ocolorom obtondere. 

ATTACK. «., petitio (aa of aiming at) : 
impetos : incorsio : incnrsus (general 
Utrm, the last two moody of violent aUaeks): 
excorsio (of light troape) : concursus : 
congressos ((As mMual attack of two par- 
tie»): impognatio: oppugnado (e<pecia% 
assault of a unon). An unprovoked attack, 
bellom oltro illatooL Frequent attacks 
of cavalry, procella equestris (Liv.). At, 
or on, the fast attack, primo impeto ; pri- 
me congresso : to order an attack of cav- 
alry, immittere eqoites in hostem : to give 
or eouud the sijenal for attack, bellicom 
canore : to defeat an attack, impetum 
fran^re, reprimere, propolsare : to stand 
against an attack, Impetum excipere, 
ferre. or sustinero : to check an attadt, im- 
petum tardare or retardare : to be readn, 
Suy^for making an attack, infest signis 
consntere. In a wider sense, " to make an 
attack on any body'» property," involare in 
possessiones alicujus: on a femM» vir* 
tue, puelliB pudicitiam aggredi or atten- 
tare ; puellam tentare ; puellam de stu- 
pro appellare : feminam in stoprum ilU- 


ATTAIN TO, parare: comparare: ac- 
qoirere : colllgere : nancisci : adipisd : 
oonsdqui : assAqui : obtin^re. [Afore «a- 
der AcquiEB.] \\ Roach, equal: conse- 
qoi : asseqoi (to equal any body in aproo- 
erty : asseqoi mostly of attaining to the 
property itsdf) : adaequare, exequare (to 
attain to a property in oa equal degree), 
int. exvquare et asseqoi: a»qoare (to 
equal any body in a property : less com- 
wtonty. to attain to a propnty in an equal 
degrm). To be far from having attained 


to an eq uaHly with any body, midtiiBi 
abesae ab aliqno : to attain to any thing, 
or to an equaiity with any body, by tmUa- 
tion, aMqo em or aUquid hnitari : idKquem 
imicando cooaequL ^Arrive at. To 
attain to extreme old age, ad snmmam se* 
nectotem perrenire : the same degrees of 
honor as another, eos honorum cradus, 
qoos alios, asseqoi : an object, ad i^ quod 
▼ol&mns ^cupimosX venire or pervenire ; 
eo, quo aliquis Tult, perrenire : eo, quo 
alk]uis intendit, ferri ac deduct To at- 
tain a wish ; the object of fay dsstres, Ac, 
optatom impetrara (by entreaty) ; roti 
eomp6tcm or partidpem fieri; TOd dam- 
nari ; Toto poari (t). 

ATTAINABLE, quod adipisd oueaa: 
quod obtinert potest: impetrabihs (at- 
tainable bf entreatie»), 

ATTAINDER, damnatio: condemnatio 
(post-^i^ustan). To reoeroe any body's 
attainder, resacrare aliqaem (Ntp. fie., 
to retract the formal execration publicly 
pronounced against a etau criminat). 
l\ Stain : labes : macula. 

ATl'AINMENT. coraparatio : adeptio 
[SrN. in Ac(),ui3tTiON] : of popularity or 
favor, conciEatio gratin. V^ Attain- 
meiu»» doctrina: cruditio: Uterss. A 
pereon of great attainments, multarum 
return cognitiooe imbutua; «niditissi- 
mus ; optimis artibus eruditus ; homo in 
quo multB sunt liter» : of great and va- 
rious attainments, in quo est copia et ra- 
rietas studiorom. 

ATTAINT, damnare : oondemnare. 
[Vid. OoMOKMM.] 11 Cor rapt Vid. 

ATTEIMPER, tcmperare : moderari : 
modum or moderationem adhibere all- 
cui rei or in aliqu& re : contindre : coer- 
cdre (to restrain it properly) : leoire : m^ 
igare : molUre (eojten ; make Is»» hardk). 
[Stn. in TcMPSa.] || Fit to any thing : 
accommodare aliquid alicui rd or ad 
rem: iacera or emcere, ut aliquid con- 
gruHt or conventnt cum re. 

ATTEMI»ERATE. Vid. Attejifib. 

ATTEMPT, r., tentare: experiri: co- 
nari : periclitari (aliquem or aliquid ; e. 
a., periclitari Romanos, Nep.) : periculum 
faccro aUcivJus qr alicujus rei : moliri (to 
endeavor to effect a great and diffUult 
work): audSre (to attempt a great and 
dangerouework). [Vid. Tar.] ^Attempt 
any body^e mind: sullicitare airqnem or 
alicujus anlmum ; o. g., pretio : pecuniA : 
pellicere fdiquem. 

ATTEMPT, »., conatus, t», m. in pinraL 
alto couata (attempt, a» the beginning of 
an undertaking) : periculum (trial by 
which, with dtMger to oni» »e{f, one ar- 
rives at ezperience: periclitatio, as action'^ : 
expcrimcDtum (trtal, contrived for the 
purpose of lecuming the nature of any 
thing). An unluc^f or unsuccessful at- 
tempt, res infelicis operaa; res infeliciter 
tentata: a vain atten^ conatus frostra 
captos : to make an attempt, pericolom 
fiftcere ; conatom indpcre or facere (ind- 
pere qf beginning to make it f iacero of 
actually carrying it through, Cul, CoL, 2, 
12, 27) : against any body or any thing, 
contra aliqoem or aliqoid. To make an 
attempt upon any thing, tentare aliqoid 
(e. gyon a camp, castra). 

ATTEMPTER, tentator (irupasr^t : 
Hor., ons who attempts to seduce a fe- 

ATl'END, II pay attention to: at- 
tendcre aliquem or aliquid (not ad nli. 
quem, ad aliauid : bnt attcndere animum 
or auimos aa aliquid i» correct, Krebs) : 
animum attendcre, anlmum adverterc nd 
aliquid: curare aliqoid (care about it; 
look after its : scn'are : observare (ofr- 
ssrre) : alicojos rd radonem habere, dn- 
cere (regard it ; take it into account) : to 
attend to the household t^airs, negotia do- 
mostica corare : domuis officia exstHioi 
(qfthe mistres» of a family) > res domesd- 
cas dispcnsare (qf the ricward, Sec) : to 
attend to ontf» studies, colore studia : de- 
acrvire stodiis. Not to attend to, negli- 
gere aliqoem or aliqoid. Intbans.. || pay 
attention, animom attendere, intendere, 
adTertere : animo adesse (general term) : 
aores erigere animumque attendcre, or 
erigi only, or se erigere (of auditors')^ 



Attend! adeftdte animia, exigitn mentes 
aoresque vcstras, ot me dicentem atten* 
dite! (Cic). (Vid. Attention.] \\ Ac- 
company (tu attendants)^ or be eonee- 
quent to (as afolUnohig tfain\ comltari 
Hiiqucm or aliquid : coraitcm alici^jus 
CBse : comitem ae alicai dare, aicHungere : 
prosequi aliqucm or aliquid: deducere 
aliqucm (I e., attend a Roman senator) 
[sYN. in Accompany]: sequi (to follow): 
famulari (to attend as servant) : apparere 
(to be in attendance on a royal penonagey 
or one in kigk office, as scribe^ lictor, &c.). 
To be attended by a crowd, stipari (e. g^ 
non usitatA frcqucntii). || To attend a 
sick person: wgrotum curaro: assidu- 
ously, &.C., iBgroto aaddSrc. || H^a it for : 
opporiri (aliquem or ali()uid) : praMtoIari 
alicui or (but not in Cic) aliquem : ma- 
u6ro aliquem : extpcctare aliquem or ali- 
quid. Pyn. in WAIT FOB.] \\ Await: 
manure allciii or aliqucm : immin6re 
(hang orer him). \\ Attend to a busi- 
ness : daro opcram alicui rei (one's busi- 
ness, duty. Sec.) : munere auo ^ngi i mu- 
neris sui offlcUfl aatiBfacerc : exsdqiii mu- 
nut officii: colerc, obirc munua. \\ Be 
present at : to attend public worship, sa- 
oris adease. || Visit any body^ con venire 

ATfENDANCE, miniaterlum (as do- 
mestic, scribe, &.C.: miniatratio in Vitr. 
only) : aalutatio : officium (attendance on 
a superior to pay him respect). Daily at- 
tendkuce, assiduitaa quoddiana (carry /»)f- 
with it the itotion of zeal. Sec). 7b cianee 
aUendance on any body, asaiduitatem ali- 
cui pnebdre : in any body's ante-ckamber, 
in veatibulo tedium oppcriri salutationcm 
(Gell., 4, 1, init.). |j Body of attend- 
ants : ministcrium, or vlural miniatcria 
(Silver Age) : famuli : miuistri (servants) : 
comitatus : aasoctatio (attending body or 
train : the latter, train of clients. Sec., fol- 
loKing to show, respect) : adpado (dense 
arotod aecompayiying any body =. *' suite," 
'*traiu'*). \\ Attention, Yw. \\Attend- 
ance on a sick person: curado, cura, 
are the nearest words : mostly by circitmlo- 

ATTENDANT, comoa (companion : 
general term) : aasocia : aaaectator (a 
servant, client, friend, Sus^ accompany- 
ing a person to do honor to him) : dcduc- 
tor (one who attends anritlier to his house 
to do him honor) : famulus (domestic serv- 
ant) : minister (servant or assistant for 
the performance of any office ; e. g., the 
servants who wait at table). Vid. *'body 
of attendants,'* under Attendance. 
II To be an attendant at any thing, adease 
alicui rei (of mere presence) : intoresse ali- 
cui roi (if present to take a share in man- 
aging it) : to be an attendant at church, 
aacria ndcsao. 

ATTENT. Vid, Attentive. 

ATTENTION, attentio animi (Cic, De 
Or., 2, .35, 150) : more commonly intendo 
(both^ the steady direction of the thoughts 
totcard an object) : audienda (attention to 
a speaker ; for which also intendo is used) : 
diligenda (carrful attention to a task, St,c. : 
oj^sed to indiligcnda) : studium : offi- 
cium : officium ot cultua (obliging atten- 
tion to a person). Attention to any thing, 
observatio alicuiua rei (act of observing 
it): to one^s sdf, animadversio (Cic, De 
Off., 1, 29, 103). To procure attention to 
dntfs self (of a sp&tker), sibi or oradoni 
snm auaientiam faccro : the attention of 
an audience, auditorea sibi facere atten« 
tos : to keip or rivet any body's attention, 
aures aliciyus tenere. To direct onifs ai- 
tentlon to any thing ; to pay attention to 
any thing, animum attcndore. advertere 
ad aliquid; animum intendcre, animum 
defiffcfe et intendero in (seldom ad) ali- 
quid; tenfire aniraimi attcntum, rcferrc 
animum ad aliquid; cogitadonem inten- 
derc ad rem; operam dare oKcnl rei 
(e. s[.,to a play, febulie). To be paying 
great attention to any thing, acritcr ani- 
mum intendero ad aliquid. To call any 
body's attcnJion to sometlting (that he might 
otherwise forget or omit), monSre aliquem 
wUh ut To coil or draw any body's atten- 
tion to ont^s self, convoitere aliquem or 
alicujua animum in or ad so : to attract at- 
UutioHf couapici (pbsolute) : conqdcaom 


esae : by any thing, aliqnA ro (of Mngs 
and persons that strike one by their unus- 
ual appearance). To draw peoplds atten- 
tion to any body, aliquem conapicuum fa- 
cere. Any thing occupies the attention of 
men, aliquid Occupat cogitationea honu- 
num. 7^7 pay attention to a person^ ob- 
eerrare aliquem : colere et obeervare al- 
iquem (Cic) : officium et cultum aHcui 
tribuere: adeaae animo: erigisre mentem 
aureaque (to prick up on^s ears and at- 
tend to a speaker) : marked atHntion, ali- 
quem praeter cctoroa or perofficioae ob- 
aervare : diligenter obaervaro et colere al- 
iquem : aigmncaro atudium erga aliquem 
non mediocre : marked and affectionate at- 
tentiony perofficioae et peramantcr ob- 
aervare aliquem (Oc). if " ^t(A atten- 
tion.** Vid. Attentivelt, 

ATTENTIVE, attentua : intentua (with 
the mind on the stretch) : erectua (mental- 
ly excited). Very attentive, perattentua. 
To be very lUtentive: vid. "to pay, Sec, 
attention^** under Attention: to medte 
any body attentive, aliquem attenttlm fa- 
cere : excitare animoa, ut attendant Jtfora 
under Attention. 

ATTENTIVELY, attente : intonte: very 
attsTUivdy, perattentc. To look at attent- 
ively, acriua contuSri, or only contufiri, 
conapicere (Brani ad Nep., Chabr., I, 2) : 
acri animo et intento intufiri : very attent- 
iveiy, accrrime contemplari To listen 
attentively, diligenter attendere, attente, or 
attento animo, or acdulo audire aliquem : 
prtebfire a6 alicui attentum nuditorcm; 
adease animo (animia) ; erigere mentem 
(raentca) aureaque, et aliquem dicentem 
attendere (of listening to an orator) : any 
thing, attente audire aliquid. He is not 
listening attentivdy, auroa cjua peregri- 
nantur: to follow any thing attentively, 
animo acqui aliquid. 

ATTENTIVKNESa Vi4 Attention. 

ATTENUATE, attenuare : extenuate 
(to make thinner, literally i then, figura- 
tively, to lessen, with respect to time or 
strength) : diluere (to dilute ; e. g., vinum, 

ATTENUATE, attenuatua : extcnnatua 
(e. g., a*f extenuatus). 

ATTENUATION, extenuado. 

ATTEST, II bear evidence to: testari 
(general term) : atteetHri : tesrificari : tes- 
timonio confirmare (a>nfirm by onds evi- 
dence) : tosdmonio esae : teatem eaae (to 
be a witness: tJte former of things, the lat- 
ter of persons) : afflrmare (to affirm, posi- 
tively) : clamare (to cry out). || Call to 
witness: testari aliqucm, tcstem facere 
aliquem : Ood, Deum testari or Deum in- 
vocare tcstem : gods and men, deos hom- 
inesque testari, or contcstari: antcstari 
aliqucm (in legal matters, bffore the in- 
troduction of a cause into court. The 
question put was, licet antestari ? ^ the 
party consented, the person appealing to 
him touched the tip of his ear. In non- 
judidal mattars it occurs only in Cic, pro 
Mflone, 25, 68). 

ATTEST, «^ ? teatimonium : to 

ATl'ESTATION; \ give attestation, 
teatimonium dare (both of persons and 
things) : to bring forward attestation, tea- 
timonium perWWre (cf persons) : testi- 
monium aficujua rei proferrc: testimo- 
nium alicujua rei afierre. To be or serve 
for an attestation, alicujua rei eaae testi- 
monium. Vid. Witness. 

ATTIRE, v., vcatare : convestire : reate 
togere : veste induere aliqucm : veste 
amicire aliquem. To be aufred, vestiri, 
amiciri aliqud ro. Vid. Akray, Dress. 

ATTIRE, »., veatia : veadtua : cultua : 
vpsds ornatua. Jn. vealltua atque omatua. 
Vid. Dress. 

AITITUDE, Btatua (manner in whu-Jk 
any thing stands : hence, also, position of a 
combatant) : habitua : corporia habitus (at- 
titude). To throw himself into an aui- 
tttde of surprise, fear, tiauery. Sec. (of an 
orator), in nabitum admiradonis, metds, 
aduladonis ae fingcro (Quint.): an un- 
seemly attitude, status indecorua. An erect 
attitude, status erectua or celsua. To have 
a statue made in that attitude, illo atatu 
statu nm fieri voluit 

ATTORNEY, cauai^cua (<n a depre- 
dating sense) : advocatoa Q^g^l astietant 


or adviser, who mads himas{f ustful to a 
party in an action by his presenes and ad- 
vice in court) : cognitor (in dvil causes^ 
the agent of a party present) : procurator 
^igent of one not present) : l^uleiua : 
formulariua (a narrow-minded lai^fer, who 
attended only to the letter of the law, not to 
its spirit: he may, however, be cautious and 
actus, Cic). A noisy attorney, ralnila de 

ATTORNEYSHIP, opera forenaia : cau- 
aidicatio (general term: the latter ep. Fron., 
Ep. ad Marc Anton.): advocatio: pro- 
curatio. Stn. m Attorney. 

ATTRACT, PROPR., attrahere: ad or 
in ae trahere : ad ae allicere et trahere. 
The magnet attracts iron, xanaaea lapia at> 
trahit, or ad ae allicit et trahit ferrum : to 
attract moisture, hnmorem trahere or re> 
cipero. || Impropr,, ad ae trahere or at* 
trahere: allicere: aid ae allicere or illi- 
cer6 (allure). To attract hearers by nov- 
elty, audientium animoa novitate tenure : 
to attract by arts of allurement, illecebria 
ad ae trahere : to attract new or fresh pu- 
pils, diacipuloa novoa attrahere (Ov.). 

ATTRACTION, ^power of attraeu 
ing: attrahendi, qua9 dicitur, via (protpar- 
ly): *via ad ae ilUcicndi or attrahendi 
(figuratively). Novelty is the only attrac- 
tion of that book, libro isto aola novitas 
lenocinatur. Any thing has lost the at- 
traction of novelty, rea novitatia gratiam 
exuit \\An attraction: aliquid ad ae 
attrahit or illicit: ali^piid noa capit, de* 
lectat delectatione alhcit 

ATTRACTIVE. An attractive person^ 
homo blandua : * cni magna ad ae illicien- 
di et attrahendi via ineet: an attractiv 
writer, lectorem tenen^ acriptor : an at- 
tractive style, apecioaum dicendi «enua: 
fables are very attractive, fkbula nabent 
multum delectationia. 

ATTRIBUTABLE, dreumloeution-- 
sometimes by referendua (that wuty be re- 

ATTRIBUTE, v., aacribere aUcnl aH. 
quid (ascribe any thing, whether good or 
bad, to any body as its author, inventor, or 
cause) : aasignare alicui aliquid (refer any 
thing to any body as the person from whom 
it proceeds ; to tn^ute it in blame, or give 
the merit ofiC): aiddiccre alicui aliquid (to 
declare any body the author cf a composi- 
tion, Qell^ 3, 3): tribuere or attribuere 
alicui aliquid (to attribute any thing to 
any body as its cause^ whether guilty cause 
or not). To attribute the invention of any 
thing to any body, aliquid alicui inventorf 
aacribere: the blame to any body, alicui 
culpam tribuere or attribuere ; culpam in 
aliquem oonferre (throw it on him) : cul- 
pam in aliquem vertere or transferre 
(from ontfs se{f) : to attribute any things 
to fear, aliquid timori aasignare : ill suc- 
cess to any body, alicui casum adversum 
tribuere ; alicui incommodum aacribere : 
any thing to on^s self alone, aliquid sibi 
aoli aacribere : you have attributed this to 
me, hffic tibi a me eveniunt 

AITRIBUTE, s., proprietaa : proprium 
(the peculiar nature of any thing) : natur» 
(nature): ratio: vis (the efficacy it pos- 
sesses ; its constitution) : quiuitas (peculiar 
constitution : coined bv CiC as a transla- 
tion of KctdnjO' The divine attrUmies, del 
(or doorura) natura. 

ATTIUTE, attritus. 

ATTRITION, attrftua, ts (post-August- 
an, Plin., Sen.): attritio (Lan^., Marc 
CapeU., perhaps only in two pasfoifes^ 
Freund) : fHcatio (act of rubbing off; <tfso 
of polishing by attrition) : fricatura (man- 
ner cf rubbing off any thing) : detriravn- 
t\im in this (its proper) mraning only in 
Appul, Met, 6. In the Roman Cathofie 
sense (as less than contrition), *cordia 
attritio, quaa dicitur ; or * attritio. quam 
Pondficii vocant 

ATl'UNE, \\make harmonious: eon- 
centum efficere aliquarum rerum. || 7*u n « 
one thing to on ot A«r; *tfficere ut al- 
iquid cum aliquA re concinat; * efficere 
ut rea concentum aervent : to attune one 
harp to another or others, Mem ita con- 
tendere nervia (OrtU. reads numerif) ut 
concentum aervaro poaait: to attime his 
voice to his lyre, * concentum vocLs l^ra** 
que (Ov.) efficere. 


aWKx' } ^*^ Bktweew. 

AUBURN, flanu: flavena {ofkair, Ac.t 
€owipo9td ofgTten^ red, and wkiu, Owrg'ts): 
•Dreiia (^gotden) [3rs. under YkulowJ: 

* colore iraceo (jiMt-brown). 

AUCTION, aoctio i^eweral term) : anc- 
tfo hMbe : hasta pnblica : hasta cenaoria 
(muaion bif pubUe atukoritif, a tpear bting' 
Jkud en the ground : the Ju^ two o/ oon- 
Jhemted property, the iaet^taxea and other 
tottrce* of r8Mi»iu) : sectio (divieion by 
anetion ttf booty , eonjieeated property, Su:. r 
hemce •ectores, persons who bought goode 
at tndk emlea to get a profit by reeellin^ 
ties). 7>9 hold an auetum, aoctaonan^ 
«octMwgm focere or conatituere : an auc- 
tion of pmblie property, hastA positA auc* 
tiooari : to proclatm or advertiee an auc- 
tion, anctionem pnedicare (Jby the herald^ : 
aDetkmein proecribere or proponere (oy 

• natieey. Tkfy are announcing an auc- 
tion, rowdamatur auctionem fore : to eeU 
by oHction, auctione conatitatA rendere 
■Squid ; auctionem facere et vendere all- 
qnvl: haaCA pocitA vendere aHauid (of 
mim cfpiMic p ropert y ) : to be eold by auc- 
tion, haatA pootA Tenm or Ttoire (of pub- 
Hcpropert^'. to buy at an auction, in auc- 
fione emero : to put of an auction, anc* 
tkuetn proferre : neoer to attend auctione 
ef public property, numquam ad hasten 
poblkam aooederc : a oonetant attendant 
at auctione (uho goee about to markets to 
teU hie purchmeee), dirralator anctionimi 
(Cfe, Ep^ 10, 33, 3). 

AUCTION-MART, atrinm auctlonari- 
am (Cic. Agr., 1, 8, 7 ; Ineer., OreU., 3883). 

AUCTIONARY, auctionariua. 

AUCTIONEER, «corator auctionnm 
(tfta wionager of an auction's : prsco (fhe 
herald who eriee out what ie hid, &c.). 

AUDACIOUa andax {dlwaye in bad 
joue): aiumxuB audada : ringolari aoda- 
dA: confidena. 

AUDACIOUSLY, aadacter. Jn. andac- 
ter libereque : impudenter: confidenter. 

AUDACIOUSNESS,? aodada: confi- 

AUDACITY, 5 dentia: temer- 

tea (rocftxeat). To have the audadty to 
do any thing, audere with inftnitim: au- 
nere hoc aibi, at, Sec (of je-eeuntptuoue 

AUDIBLE, qnod audlri or auribna per- 
dpi poteaL To be audible, andiri posse. 
Wkh an audible voice, clare : elarA voce. 

AUDIBLY, clare : clarA roce. 

AUDIENCE, n admission to a sov- 
ereign, &c: admiaato (with reference to 
him kAo grants it: Post- Augustan, but 
classira^: adtCoa (lottA reference to Am 
who otOains «Q : coUoquinm (the conversa- 
tion during the audknce). To grant any 
b^ an audience, admismtnieofi or aditam 
•Ikrvi dare; ad colloquium aliqnem ad- 
uittere : aUquem adndttere or audire : 
aiicui aenatxmi dare (of the senate): to 
giss amy body a private audience, aliqnem 
In aecretom recipere : to obtain an audi- 
ence, admitu; atutiri ; datnr aUcni aditoa 
conveniendi: to be refused <m audience, 
ad eoDoqoiam non admitti: *aditu pro- 
hiberi : to beg, demand See., an audience, 
petere aditnm conremendi; aditum ad 
aliqnem poetnlare : to beg a private audi- 
ence, accretnm petere ao aUquo (in the 
time of the empire). || Hall of audience, 
aahitatoriam cnbiculnm (after Plin., 15, 
10, 11) : atrium (the atrium in a Roman 
house, where great men received their vis- 
60m). j^ Auditory: cuditorea: qui an- 
diont (general term) : coram quibua dioi- 
maa (those in whose presence an orator 
^eaks) : corona (the erowd about a speak- 
er, espedaUy in a court of justice). A 
numerous audience, freqaentia eorum, qui 
Boa andiont Before a numerous audience, 
freqnentibua auditoribns: in magnA (or 
maximA) andientiom oclobritate or fre- 

AUDIT, V. 7\> audit any bodfs ac- 
counts, a]ic^jaa rationea cognoacere, in- 
ipic^re (fo ezmnine them), excntere, die- 
pongere (to examine them with searching 

AUDIT, s., inapectio rationnm (as att) : 
*diea ratfonom inaplciendaram ^atuiil- 
dby) : *diea rationi« reddendsa (wtth ref- 
menoe to him who haa to give account). 


AUDITOR, qui aUcuJua rationea in- 

AUDITORY, auditorea: audientea: qui 
audiunt: coram quibua dicimus : corona: 
Before a numeroue auditory, (in) magni 
or aummA audientium celebritate or ire- 
quentiA : muhia audientlbaa. Svn. in Au- 


AUGMENT, augdre : adauggre. Jn. 
ampliticare et angere : any thing with any 
thing, augdre or adaugdre aliquid aliqud 
re : addere aliquid aiicui rei or ad aliquid 
(add or append any thing to any thing) : 
amplificarp (fo make longer in compass) : 
multipUcare (to make numerically greater). 
II Intsans. aufl^ (of persons and things) : 
cresccre (of things). 

AUGMENTATION, amplificatio (in- 
crease of extent, as action ; e. g., glorias, 
rei fiumliaria) : propagatio or prolatlo 
finium (augmentation of territory) : ac- 
ceaaio (the addition made ; e. g., aedinm ; 
di^itatis) : incrcmentum (increoM, eu 
thing: urbia; rei famiUaris; dignitatia). 
Also by circumlocution with aug^re, adau- 
g§re, See. By the augmentatioin of usury, 
multipUoandia usuria. 

AUQSR, s., augur. [Vld. Pkophxt.] 
Auguy*s-eiaff, lituua. 

AUGUR, v., TRANS., prsdicere: pro- 
nonciare (general term): raticinari (to 
prophesy any thing) : canere (to prophesy 
inverse or rhythmy. nngarari(tofor^eUl^ 
the flight of birds, &c.; then generally). 
To augur (= anticipate) any thing, aliquid 
au^rari ; aliquid opinione, or conjecturd 
(Ctc), or mente (Curt.) aucurari 7b 
augur any body's fate, pfeBoicere, quid 
aiicui eventurum ait: his death, ancui 
mortem augurari. Intrans., futura pr»- 
dieere: pnenunciare: vntLdxiari(topro]^ 
esy; beavntea). 

AUGURY, auguratio (by flight of birds) : 
praadictio (fortteUing, generally) : vati- 
dnatlo: divinatio (prophecy). [Sts. in 
Pbophxsy.] 11^ thing: pn»dictum: 
raticininm : augurium (thing foretold by 
augury ; also, the science of an augury, 
"aed non augurio potuit depellere pea- 

AUGUST, adj., angnatua (^subUme and 
sacred ; especiwy of divine things) : altua : 
elatua : oelaua : excelaus (Jtigh : properly 
andjigurativefy. Stn. in High). 

AUGUST, «., Auguatua: mensia An- 
guatus : (in the tiau of the republic) Sex- 
tUa: menaia Sextnia. fFTtA Nome. Kal- 
ends, &c it is used as adjective, Kalen- 
d» Auguafcn. 

AUin*, amita (/other's sister) : mater- 
tera {mothefs sister). || Oreat aunt, 
&c., amita mftgna (grandfather's sister^ : 
amita nngor : proamita (sister of great- 
grandfather) : amita ma xima (great great- 
grandfather's sister), ^ff^ All these on 
faiher*s side : matertera magna (gremd- 
mother's sister) : matertera nMjor : pro- 
matertera (great- grandmother's sister) : 
matertera naaxi ma (g reat -great -grand- 
mother's sister). [^P All these pom ijai- 
us, Dig., 38» 10, 1, and Paul, Dig., 38, 10, 

AURICLE, auricula. H Auricle of 
the heart, * auricula cordia (nt^Ucal 
technical term). 

AURICULA, * primula auricula. 

AURICULAR, in aurem diotuar in 
aurem or aurea insuaurratua. Auricular 
confusion, * peccsta aacerdoti in aurem 

AURIST, medicua auricnlariua (XJlp. 

AUSPICE, auapicinm. Under your au- 
spices, tuia auapiciis : under any bod^s 
auspices, alicujua auspicio or auspiciia 
(espedaUx of successes gained by a general 
in subordinate command, who was said to 
have gained them under the auspices of the 
Bnperator). In other senses, ab oliquo ad- 
jatns : aliquo adjuvante or adjutorc : ali- 
cujua pneaidio fretu«. 

AUSPICIOUS, proapcr : eecmidaa : 
&uatU8 : dexter [Svn. in Happy] : auapi- 
catua, participle (e. g., in auapicatis zel- 
pablica ominibna, f^elL). 

AUSPICIOUSLY, proapere: faufte (an- 
apicato, Plaut., Ter.). 

AUSTERE, auatenu (aharnpSf i making 
the tongue dry and rough; harsh). Somo' 


wAo; AKafere, 8ubwuat£rua. ^Of eharac- 
ter : austfrua (opposed to jucundua or 
mitis : one who is an enemy to jocularity 
and frivolity, always seeking what is seri- 
ous and real, at the risk of parsing for 
dull) : aeverua (opposed to comia : rigid, 
exacting from himself and others stria ness 
of conduct, at the risk qf being thought 
harsh): tccricua (rigidly stiff and con- 
strained, from pedantru and want of tem- 
per : cf persons or habits, discipline. Sic.) : 
difficitia (not understanding the art of easy 
and agreeable conversation and inter- 
course from hypochondria and tempera- 
ment) : moroaua (wishing .every thing to 
be done according to rule, from intoler- 
ant scrupulosity) : triatla (opposed to hila> 
ria : gloomy ; moody ; scorning the agree- 

AUSTERELY, Buat«re: acerbe. 

AUSTERENESS, }au8teritaa (both of 

AUSTERITY, 5 things and char- 
acter) : accrbitaa : amaritaa (both prt^erly 
and figuratively) : aereritaa (austereness 
qf character) : (ufficultaa : moroeitaa : tria> 
tltia. [Stn. in Austkms.] A gloomy 
austereness, triatia auateritaa (Qittnt, op- 
posed to diaaoluta comitaa). 

AUTHENTIC, ) tide dignua ; certoa : 

AUTHENTICAL, 5 verua. Sometimes 
gennlnua : sincerua. An authentic edi- 
tion, * editio aincera (opposed to * edido 
aduUerina : gennlnua, pom gen, rooc of 
gigno, intimates that the thing really pro- 
ceeds pom the source pretended f e. g., 
genuina Plaud fabnla : aincArua = un- 

AUTHENTICALLY, certo auctore : 
cum auctoritate. CHcaro uses abOtmeiit 
in his letters i e. g^ a40cvriirws narrare^ 

AUTHENTIC ALNESS, )fide8 : fides 

AUTHENTICITY, 5 veritatia : 

auctoritaa. Many persons entertain doubts 
of the authenticity of the book, * multl 
dubitant hunc librum ab eo, ad quem re- 
fertnr, conacriptum eaae : aoM< persons 
attack the authenticity of the law, * aunt 
qui conaeant, legem eaae adulterinam. 

AUTHOR, beginner or mover of 
any thing : auctor (the person to whom the 
plan or origin of any thing is dus, 
whether he carried u through or not) : ia- 
▼cntor (the inventor) : parena (the author 
who has produced any thing) : condltor 
(the author who has constructed anything, 
laid the foundation of and arranged it) : 
effector (he who hae carried it into effect) : 
princepa (he who stands at the head of any 
thing f e.g.,qfa conspiracy) : molitor (he 
who sets a difficult ^ing a going' by a 
strong ezertioii); architectue (^rfannar, oon» 
triver, &c. : then, in a depreciating sense, 
the author of something bad): inatimu* 
lator : concuator (he «mo exeitee to any 
thvig). Jn. parena effectorque : princepa 
et architectua : inatimulator et concitator. 
7%« «tt<Aor of alow, legia inventor (he who 
first proposed such an enactment) : legia 
auctor (he who first advocated it, recom- 
mended U, and castssd it to be carried) : 
legia lator (he who brought it b^ore the 
people for their approbaaon) : the author 
of a crime, aceleria auctor, architectua or 
moUtor : the author of all eoH, omnium 
malorum aeminator : to consider any body 
the author of any thing, putare ortum eave 
aliquid ab cdiqua \\Authorofabookt 
acriptor : qui librum acrfpait or conocrip- 
ait (the actual writer of U) : auctor (only so 
far as he is an authority fbr using a 
particular style for a particular statementf 
Sic. : hence not without a genitive, unless 
this can easily be supplisd by the context^) : 
Roman authors, Romani acriptorea (who 
have written in Latin) : rerum Romana- 
rum auctorea (Latin historians, who are 
our authorities for Roman history) : Latin- 
itatia auctorea (writers of dassical Latin- 
itif), 11 Authors (as a class) without 
genitive, qui libroa acribunt or conacri- 

AUTHORITATIVE, \\ having due 
authority: anctoritatem, multum (phia, 

1 iEaopna auctor qnem materiam re- 
perit, Hanc o.go polivi versibua aenariia, 
Phadr. Apnd quoedam auctorea non 
invenio Lucretinm Conaulcm, Zto. 



Ae.> oxictoiitatis habeiu (^/ter CHe^ legm^ 
▼erba — qno plus aoctoritatis habMnt, 
&e.) : aliqnid magnA anctoritate affirma- 
tum (toith all the weig^kt that ebaraOert 
eon^enl, SiC^ cangitt it: both of thing»). 
N Having th-e air of authority: im- 
periosufl : saperboa : insolena. 

aoctoritate : imperloae : pro imperio (e. 
g^ aliquem di8ce<lere juMre) : superbe : 
uuolenter: arroganter. 

BOlenlia, superbia, Sec 

AUTHaEITY, auctoritas (infiuencef 
weight Of an authority for any thing f alto 
"an authority" e. g^ for a gtatement) : ar* 
bitrium {freedom to act according to on€9 
will) : poteatas (power) : licentia (permis- 
sion) : imperium (command) : testimo- 
nium : aoctoritaa testimonii (eoidence). I 
hope authority to do any thing, mihi data 
est piotentia or co]>ia aliqtiid tadendi, aUo 
auctoritatem habeo aUcigiu rei fo^iendsB. 
Public authority, pablica.aactoritas: by 
the authority of the Senate^ (ex) avctori- 
tate Senatdfl : to gioe a man authority to 
manage any thing, alicujus arbitrio rem 
gerendam tradere or committere : to give 
any body unlimited authority, infinitam 
lioentlam alicui dare. Be doe» it by hi» 
own authority, auo Jure agit: by what au- 
thority f quojuret Ut u» reign with equal 
authority paribus auspicils regamus. Ab- 
solute or de^totic authority, poteatas in- 
finita: dominatio: to have great authority 
in the ttate, in repubOcA plnrimmn pel- 
lere : the authoritu of reason, dominatio 
rationis. 7%« authority for a report, (ru- 
moris) auctoritas (Plata.). Any body» au- 
thority prevails, alicujus auctoritas ralet: 
to disregard reason and authority, et ra- 
tlonem et auctoritatem relinquere (Cic) : 
they have received authority to give law» 
from the Senate, habent auctoritatem le- 
gum dandamm ab .Senatu: any thing 
seems to give authority to commit sin, aU- 
quid videtur auctoritatem aflPerre pec- 
oandi : to lessen any bodfs authority, ali- 
cujus auctoritatem deminuere, imminu- 
ere : to have authority (weight, influence), 
auctoritatem habdre: to rt^eet authority, 
auctoritatem rcpudiare : to overthrow, de- 
stroy, or ruin authority, lobefactare or 
frangere auctoritatem : to despise authori- 
ties ^ e., the great names produced as au- 
thorities), auctoritates contemncre. Oreat 
authority (= influence), auctoritas summs 
or amplissima: a person of great authority, 
homo in quo summa est auctoritas atque 
amplitudo : to be of or have great authori- 

§f, magnA esse auctoritate ; auctoritate 
orere or rigere : to be of small amhori- 
ty, tenui esse auctoritate : to obtain great 
authority by any thing, ma^am auctori- 
tatem sibi aUquA re constituere: to in- 
crease authority, auctoritatem amplificare, 
augere: to do any thing by any bodies 
authority, aliquo auctore, or alicujus nom- 
ine (as Ai*svdsft(«(e)facercaliq\ud. \\"An 
authority," anctor. Thucydides, a 
weUrhty authority, locuples auctor Thu- 
cydides. II " With authority,*" pro im- 
perio ( jnb6re aliquid : of one holding an 
UBpeHum). \\ Authorities ^= magis- 
trates. VlD. 

AUTHORIZE, aUcui copiam dare or 
potest^em facere: to do any thing, ali- 
quid facicndi : alicujus rei focicndsB licen- 
tiam dare or penqittere : mandare alicui, 
ut (to commission him to do it). To be 
authorixed to do any thing, potestatem 
aliquid fhciendi habdre, sometimes man- 
d'.ita babSre ab aliquo. || Make any 
thing legal or right: sancire: ratum 
fiicero or efficere: ratum esse jub<ire. 
Often by circumlocution with nulla est es- 
cusatio alicujus rei, si, Ac Friendship 
CO» not authorize the commission of sin, 
nulla est excuaatio peccati, si wnici causA 
peccaveris ; or turpis exeusntio est et min- 
une accipienda, si quia se amid causA pec- 
oasse fateatur. Sometimes probare, com- 
probare (to emrove of; as in, ** desires 
which reason 4oes not authoriuT). Some 
people consider that a great reason au- 
thorizes sin, quidam ezcusari se arbitran- 
tor, quia non sine magnA causA pecca- 
-verunt : tJke^ s^iwdbss authorh* ms to 
ftqpe, eorum ienBooibui aadaoor lU 


sperem, &c To tUnk himself oMkorked 
to do any thing, sibi jus datum, or potes- 
tatem datam putare : not to think Mnsetf 
authorked, non fiu esse ducere, baud Iksl- 
tum sibi aliquid putare. 

AUTOGRAPH, manu meA (tuA, &c) 
scriptas. An autograph letter, epistola, 
quam meA manu scrips! ; literiB anto- 
grdph» (Suet., Oct., 87) : any bodtfs auto- 
graph, litersB ipsius manu script»: an 
autogre^ chirogrtohum (hane^oritin^). 
It was an autograpk, ipsius manu scrip- 
turn erat. / wiU wriu the letter wkh my 
own autograph, meo chirographo utar 
(Cic, Att., 2, 20, 5). 

AUTO-DA-FE, *supplichmi bnretico- 

AUTOGRAFHIGAL, meA Opaiai» ^.) 
manu scriptus. 

AUTOMATON, antomftton (in Suet., 
daudy 34, ahrbnarov : m late writers in 
Roman ckaraetirs). Automatons^ automap 
taria, piMTol (Ulp., Dig-}. 

AUTOPSY, spectatio (general term). 

AUTUMN, anctumnus : tempus auc- 
tumnale : to be passing into autumn (of 
summer), auctumnescere (Marc Cap.) : 
to cause or produce autumn, auctbnnare 
(Plin.). II As ADJ., see next word. || The 
autumn of life, ntas gravior or grandior. 

AUTUMNAL, auctumnalis, or genitive 
auctumnL The autumnal equinox, nqui- 
noctium auctumnale or auctunui Au- 
twnnal or autumn weather, tempestas auo- 
tunmalis or auctimmi ; coelum auctum- 
nale. The weather is growing autumnal, 
eestas auctunmesdt (Marc Cap) ; a£r 
auctumnat (Plin.). 

AUXILIAR, (auxiliaris: auxiliarius. 

AUXILIARY, 5 ^im7tary/orees. aux- 
iliarea or auxiliarii milites, copia», Sic, or 
auxiliares only: auxilia, plumL Auxili- 
ary forces suddenly raised, auxilia repcn- 
tina; miUtes subitarii (Liv^ 3, 4, ertr.). 
Auxiliary veri^ verbum auxiliare. To be 
auxiliary to any thing, adjuvare aliquid : 
a4)umento esse ad aliquid. 

AUXILIAR, >s.,adjfttor. Vid.HxLF- 


AVAIL, v., valere (to have weight, valid- 
ity, efficacy: with any body, apud aliquem^ : 
utOe esse : usui esse : ex usu esse : utjli- 
tatcm or usum pneb^re : prodesse : con- 
ducere. To avail much, ma^aa utilitati 
esse : magnam utOitatem afi^nre : pluri- 
mum or valde prodesse: to avail little, 
non multum prodesse : parum prodesse 
(too little). To avaU any body^ -prodesio 
alicui : esse ex usu alicujus : esse ex re 
or in rem alici^jus. Sometimes proficcro 
may be used: patience a/vails nothing, 
nihil proficies or niliil profidtur patientiA. 
Conjecture does not avail, nihil valet con- 

AVAIL, s., utiUtas ; usus : comm6dum ; 
emohzmcntum : lucrum ; fructus. [Most- 
ly bv verbs under Avaxx., v.] To be of 
much avail toward doing any thing, mul- 
tum valfire ad aliquid iadendum. Amy 
thing is of little avaU against any thing, 
aliquid parum Talet contra aliquid. 

AVAILABLE, utilis (ustfiO). MosOy 
by circumlocution. 

AVANT-GUARD. Vld. Adtanob- 


AVARICE, avaritia: babendi cupiditas 
or cupido. Jn. cupiditas et avaritia : pe- 
cuni» studium or cupiditas or aviditas. 
Qreedy «mariee, avaritia hians et immi- 
ncns. Mean avarice, sordes. 

AVARICIOUS, avarus: habendi cu- 
pidus : aliquautum avidior ad rem : pe- 
cunisB.cupidus or avidus. From the con- 
texty sometimes cnpidus or avidus may 
stand alone in this sense ; e. g., homo cas- 
tus ac non cupidus (Cic). 

A VAUNT, abi t apage I amove te hinc I 
aU in malam rem (Cim). 

AVENGE, v., ulciaci aliquem or ali- 
quid: vindicare aliquem or aliquid : per- 
sequi alicujus poenas, or post-Augustan : 
exsftqui aUquem : pcsnas capere pro ali- 
quo or aUcrOiis rd : punire aliquid. Jn. 
ulcisd et punire. . [For 8tn., vid. Rx- 
VKNOE, s.] To avenge any bodffs death, 
alicujus mortem (or necem) uldsd, or 
vindicare, or perseoui : to avenge any 
body by the blood of his nmrdercr, alicui 
or dlic^}us manibus sngidne alicujus pa- 


rentare (Herzog, Cos., B. Q., 7, 17, ettr.). 
Tb avenge on?'» self on any body^ ulpisci 
ar persequi alici^jiis ii^jurias ; ulcisd aU- 

auem pro acceptis injnriis (iierer ulcisd 
Uquem alone m this meaning) t vindicar» 
in aliquem ; poraas petere or repetere ab 
aUquo : one's self on any body for any 
thing. Or to avenge aperson (fyf punishing 
kim who wronged him), ulcisd aliquem 
pro aliauA re or pro aliquo (lA« person 
punisked in the accusative) i vindicare 
aliquid ab aliquo (to visit any thing tgnm 
any body) : poBuas alicujus or alicujus rd 
repetere ab aliquo. To go to avenge owls 
s4f upon any body^ aliquem ultum ire: 
not to avenge on^s self (for any thing), 
aliquid inultum et imptmitum dimittere : 
not to avenge one's »elf, injurias accept»» 
non persequi; iojuriam inultam et im- 
punitam dimUtere. / will be sure to 
avenge myseff of him, inultum id nun- 
quam a me aui^ret I am already suffi- 
ciently avenged, satis est mihi supplicii. 

AVENGEANCE, >„« p,,«^„, . 
A VENGEMENT. i ^^ Rkvenoe, s. 

AVENGER, ultor, or vindex alici\}us, or 
aliciOus rd : jpunitor aliciijus rd : ultor 
iqjunarunL Btn. in Rsvxnob, s. 

AVENUE, adltus (opproocA): xystas 
(explained by Vitrwrius to be hypethra 
ambulatio, a walk with trees or clhiped 
hedges on either side, and generaHyadomf- 
ed with statues). 

AVER. Vid. As8B«T. 

AVERAGE, mostly by phts minus ; plus 
minusve (more or less) ; circiter (ejfout). ■ 
They received, on an average, 10,000 sefter- 
tia a year for honey, numquom minus, ut 
perteque ducerent, doia millia sestertia 
ex melle recipiebant 


AVERSE, ab aliquo or ab ahquA ra 
aversus, alienatua, alienua. Ifot to be 
averse to do any thing, non dimlicit wUh 
inflnitive : not to be averse to thetr opinion, 
hand posnitet eorum sententias esse (Liv.). 

AVERSENES3. Vid. Avebsion. 

AVERSION, odium (hatred, disUke, all- 
cujus or alicujus rei) : animus alienus or 
aversus (ab aUquo, aversion): declinatio 
(alicujus rd: opposed to appetitio; tA« 
Running it by tipping aetde out of it» 
way) : mga (the ftytvg from it) : twdlum 
(sensation of weariness and disgust ; ali- 
cujus rm) : odium in aliquem C4>nceptum, 
or erga aliquem susceptum favenatio, 
Q. S.]. To have an aversion to any thing, 
dienum esse, or abborrere ab aliquA re : 
t»dium mihi aliqnid affert or addudt / 
have a great avavion to any thing, mag> 
num aucujus rei odium me cepit Any 
body is my aversion ; or, to have an aser- 
sion to any body, ab aliouo animo esse 
alieno, or averse (or avcrsusimo) ; odrum 
gerere adversus aliquem ,' odium susce- 
pisse adversus aliquem ; odium concepis- 
seinaUquem; aliquem.odisse or odiona- 
bdre. To excite aversion, odium condtare, 
creare, ar conciliare ; stomAchum move- 
re : against any thing, odium alicigus rei 

AVERT, PBOPB., avertere: amovere: 
ontfs eyes from any body, oculos dejicere 
ab aliquo (not avertere oculos, but oculoa 
ab aUquo in ahum avertpre is correct) : • 
blow [vid. Pabrt] : ontfs thoughts from a 
siMeet, co^tationes avertere ab aliquA re, 
oita ab aliquo. Ivpb., to avert an eril, 
amov6re, dejicere (to remove it) : depelle- 
re (to drive of an approaching evil) : re- 
peUere (to drive bach one that has ap- 
proach^ : propulsare : defendcre (to 
ward it off): deprecari (to avert it by 
prayer») : scverruncKre (ef the gods). tIs 
avert a calamity by prayer», deprecari a ae 
calamitatem : a war, amovere helium ; 
defendcre bellunL 

AVIARY, aviariuna. 

AVIDITY, aviditas : cnpiditaa : cupido. 
Great avidity, (cupiditatis) ardor; impe- 
tus; sitis. Td read books with avidity, 
vorare litsras. 

AVOCATION. II that which calls 
aside : quod (animnm, cogitationcm, 
&c.) avdoot, abdadt \\Businesst mu- 
nia, phtral, officinm: negoda. 7%e avo* 
cations of business, negotla or occup»- 
tioncs, quihus aUquis implicitua es^ or 
ncgotia only. 


AVOID, fofBre : deAigero ijbf firtm, 
mdfhttpoatoftktwa^i Thare: deri- 
tare {t9 go out qf tka w&if of) : deolinare 
ifo i«aM mnd» Jrom). To aooid a hattU, 
prariiom de ft tyare : a dmnger, pericnhim 
fo^ere, defiigere {net to expom ami» odf 
19 «X ▼i'w (*«*"^ txfooed to it^ to get out 
qfit»w0f Mike rigkt time). RemeoMtemeh- 
««« wkm to do amd what to avoids ratio 
docet, quid fad^kdum fogiendiimre «tt : 
M AM kmrtfiU tking»^ ea, qua» nocitora 
Tideantor, dedinara. 

ATOIDABLE, quod eritazi potest [rita- 
Um: eritabflia, ore poeticml}. 

AVOIDAMCE, Titatio : deritatiG : eri- 
tat» (QK<wt): Alga (aUciyua nS): de- 
f^nrntitx (dtei^jDa rd). 

AVOUCH. Vid. Assbkt, Ai.lxox. 

AVOW, profltiri (to aoow frul^ and 
fitOxf^wketherquemUmedornotji: oonfiteri 
(ft» confea» t» eontoqmenee oj muetione^ 
drmta. Ac.). 

AVOWAL, profesaio (e. g^ atnltltin, 
bOB0 Tohmtatb). 

AVOWEDLY, tke nearett or», aperte 
(opemlf. emineetioeii^ : ex profesao (Salt 
Qmul) : libere : ingenue. Ctrenmioeu- 
(fea with Bbeie prodteri. Ingenue con> 

AWAIT, manure aUeni <^ aliqnem (ore 
tn elare foif) : iimmndre aUcoi (king 
fa*), i Wait for: opperiri aliquem or 
a&|«id : pnBStolari aJicui or (but not m 
Geero) aliqwcm : mandre aUquem : ex- 
Upectare aJwpiewi. Snt. in Wait rox. 
AWA&E )TXAN8., exauacitare; ex* 
AWAKEN, > pergefiicere (e lomno) ; 
txcltare (e) aomno ; anacitare aonmo or e 
qnietc (^ (all etamd, oleo, wiAaut e aom- 
XK», in uejiguratiee eenee of arouebtg). 

To eaeakefrom tke dead, diquem excitare 
ab inlSna ; aliqatm a morte ad Tftam re- 
Tacare; aUqnem ab orco redftcem in 
laoem ftcere. IB» eonedenee ie awaken- 
ed, conadentiA mordetar. || Fxo. Vid. 
Rxcrrx, Kikdjlk, Cactx. 

AWAKE, nmL, expergiaci, experge* 
fieri (pf9per^f and Jigurotivd^ : eoinno 
■ahi : aomno esdcitui, properfy : excitari 
mkkomt aomno, aieo fgitrdtivc^f : eudden- 
If, aomno exctUi (t). Awaktmg at tke 
ear» of dajf^ ad pnmam anroram ex> 

AWAKE, atff., Tigilans : exaomnla (one 
wkaee «ye» «10 eteep viskeY To be awake, 
v^ilare (prapcrjy) ; excuoare (Jigurative- 
l9,to be matckful, Cie. ad Dh., 10, 8, 5) : 
la remiain awake tke wkole nigkl, perrigi- 
tare ooctem: noctem perpetoia Tigilua 
i^gere : n oct em inaomnen egere (tke firtt 
two of volmntar^ tke laet of involuntarff 

AWAKEHER, ciroumloeMtkm wkk qoi 
exBoacttat, Slc 
AWAKENING, esaaacitatio (onfy n 

AWARD, v., addicete : ndffadicare : 
p r op e r t y to «say ootbL bona alieai addicere: 
ike eovereignty to Ptolamjf, adjudlcare reg- 
■am Pt o leo M BO : a triampk (aion^, fto, 
toaaqr bodf), decemere aucni txlumphnm, 
Ac : 10 award prnniekment, pcenam aUeni 
foo atit nere, dioera (under tke emperore, 
ifTdaare) ; a jSna, dioere aUcni muktam. 

AWarD, «., jndidnm : axMtriom : de- 
erttom : aententia. {8w». in Jvwsamrr.] 
§Je act : addictio ce. g^ bcmomm) : acU 
JBdkatio (Dig.). 

A WARE, eantoa: eantoa proridoaqne. 
Jfot aware, ignarna (ignorimO. To be 
oware, «are: noriiee: aUqnid cognitom 
h abj To : non needre : non ignorare : ali- 
ci^nsieinoaignanuneaae: menoofngit 
or preterit aliqnid. ffot being aware tkat 
dw dictator wa» eoau, ignazi reniaae diota- 

AWAY, I awaf witk : toOe (toIUte) 

(aaferte) aUqnid: awav witk you, 
dbil apage tel amove to hue: i^ in 

rem (Gm.= '*go to tke deoOTj. 
Jw^ wkk yois ffeprefana, procnl eate, 
jnml Awmf witktkie n o n een ae, peBan- 
tar iete iaqitiae : cootemnamna istaa in- 
^Ika. Away wUk tkia kind of deHbera- 
Ami. hoe qnidem aenns deliberantlnm 
toMtaremediol H To bx away, abeaae : 
liroen) eaae. R In oompooition, *' awaf* 
^ meetly traneiated by verbo eompownded 


witk a, ab, de, pro, ex. Tojty away, avo- 
lare : to kaeten away, aofugere, aTolare : 
ee proripere : to /lee away, aufugere, pro- 
Aigere (tke latter eepeciaUy eeeretly): to 
lead away, abducerc : dedncere : to drive 
away, abigere (properly): pollere: pro- 
pdlere: expellere: to carry away witk 
one, aecum asportaro :' to Srag away by 
force, Ti abduoere or abotrahere : to go 
away, abire ; diocedere. || To away 
witk any tking (=z endure), vid. 


AWE, a., verecnndia (fear qf lowering 
one^a eelf in tke eyee of one wkom we re- 
epeet: then reepectfor apereon or tkin^ : 
reverentia (tkefeding and conviction viat 
apereon deeeroee on/te reverential reepect) : 
vcneratio (reverence toward tke god» and 
eaered tkihge : tke reverence of worekm) : 
admiratio (awe aoeompanied witk wonder, 
feU and expreoeed. To be reetrained by a 
eetret awe, tadtA quadam veneratione in- 
biberL To fed awe at any tking, rer^ri 
or revereri aliquid : Terecundifon habere 
idictgua rei : eoatetime» pavfire or expa- 
veacere : timere or extimeaoere aHquid 
(to tremble at tke thougkt» of it): to feel 
awe of amy body, Terocnndiam habere all- 
cnjoe ; aliquem revereri ; revercntiam 
adveraua aliqnem adhibere : anapicera 
aliquem (to look up to). To throw aeide 
all feeling of awe, reverentiam exuere ; 
omnem verecundiam effhndere. 

AWE, v., alicui injlcere adndrationem 
flui (to make kirn gate at one witk admira- 
tion) : timorem, or pavorem alicui injicere, 
or incutere (to etnkefear into them) : effl- 
oere ut aliquia aliquid or aHquem verea- 
tur or revereatnr (10 eavae kirn to rever- 

AWFUL, by eirenmlocution witk verbe 
under Awx, v. \\ Feeling awe; tke 
neareet are Tenerebundua (cf pereone) : 
pavidus, Tpnyea» (trembling : cf pereone 
or tkinge). V^ Sometime» otker at^ec- 
tivee may besuBetituted ; a», " an awful ea- 
taetrophe," ftmeatoa or luctuoeua remm 
exitUB, &c. 

A WHILE, aliqnamdiu : pauIUaper (dicr- 
tM^ a ekort time) : ad tempua (only for a 
time) : pammper (only for a ekort time, 
and not after tkat ; eepeciaUy of mental 
action»: waXhsper eap^Hally of bodily ac- 
tions, D6d.). 

AWKWARD, asreatia (ruetie, rude): 
Invua (lefi-kandea: wltkoiu dexterity) : 
mdia (rude; uncultivated) : inadtna (witk- 
out tke requisite knowledge) : incomjiosi- 
tua (witkout apt arrangement ; eepeciaUy 
of oratore ana oration»). 3s. rudia a^ 
que incompoaitua : incultua (uncuUieated, 
wketker m manner or mind) : impolitua : 
intonaua (unpolieked). Jiv. intonaua et 
incultua: inarbanua (uncourttoue) : in- 
Tenuatna (witkout attractive beauty) : in- 
elegana (taetdeee): inconcinnue (witkout 
tke grace ofeymmetry or karmonious pro- 
portion). To kave an awkward gait, cor- 
pArie mota eeae agreatem. Awkward 
manners, mores ruatid, rustidtas. 

AWKWARDLY, ruatlce : ru«tidus : 
incomposite: illiberaUter : inurbane: in- 
eleganter : inadte. To b^ave awkwardly, 
rusticum ae prebAre : ruatice facere. 

AWKWAM)NES3, ruatidtaa (Silver 
Age) : indegantia : inconcinnitaa ; insd- 
tia [Snf. in Awkwaxd) : ineulaitaa (tke 
making a disagreeable ia^ession on peo- 
ple oftaete). 

AWL, aubUa. (Gobbler's awl, iiat&la 
antoria (Plin., 17, 14, 23). 

AWN. ariata. 

AWNING, * tegnmentnm linteom. 

AWRY, oUIque: praTe (properly and 

AXE, vec^s\» Umu ate-'tke buteka's, 
encwtionei*», solaiets, woodman's, Ac, 
See.) : blpennis (double-axe, used by Wood- 
men and soldiers) : aada (a carpenter's 
axe, to lop and square wood witk) : dola- 
bra (piekate). 

A^OM, pronuncUtom (Htwua, CHe.: 
later, axi6Ilu^ itia). 

AXLE, axia (inaUAe meanings of As 
Inglisk word). 

AY. Vid.Yxa. 

AYE. Vid. Always, Eybb. 

AZURE, ad^n casruleaa : cyaneof : co- 
lors carulao ar <7«Beo 





AA, bnlare (to bleat} qf sheep) : blato- 
rare (of rams : Auct. com», as Pkilom., 

BABBLE, balbutire (to speak htarticw 
lately, like a dkUd) : garhre (to prate in a 
familiar or frhoolou» manner, from fon^ 
nee» for speaking) : blaterare (to talk mtck 
about notking, witk reference to tkefoolisk- 
ness of wkat is said) : hariolari (to talk 
sensdess stuff, like an insane sootksayer) : 
alucinari (to speak witkout any thougkt or 
ooneideration) : nugari (to bring fonk st^ 
pid, tr(^ng matter. Tkese vine mostly 
translaUd witk tke accHsattve) : fabulari : 
confabulari : fitbulari inter ae : aermonea 
caidere (XSyovi Kdwrtiv: of persons dkat- 
terin^ togetker in a good-natured, conjl- 
denttal way) : etfutire (aliquid, or abso- 
lutely, Cic). 

BABBLER, garrfllua ; loquax (tke gar- 
rulue is tireiome from tke quality, tke 
loquax from tke quantity, of wkat ks 
eaye) : qui aildre taoenda nequtt. 

BABBLING, garrftua (late) : garruHtaa: 
loquadtaa: oonfabulatio (good-natwraif 
chattering conversation of one or more: 

BABE. Vid. Baby. 

BABOON, aimia pavianua (Liv.). 

BABY, infana ; pupua ; pupftlua (of a 
male infant) : pupa; pupula (of a female: 
tkese four also as term» cf endearment). 
t^ Icuncula pnellaria, m some recent 
editions of Sua., Ner., X, is a mere con' 

BACCHANAL, baochana, homo vino- ' 
lentua ac dlsmlutua. 

BACCHANALUN, bacehicua (belong- 
ing to Baeckus ; poetical, bacchdua or bac- 
chins) : bacchantibua simillB. || Dm nk- 
ard } riotous liver : homo Vinolentoa 
ac diaaolutufl : dlseolutus : luxuriosua : 
potator (fond of drinking) : vini capacla- 

BACCHANALS, bacchanalia, plural 
(drunken feaete and revels of Baeckus). 

BACCHANTE, Baccha (a woman wka 
odihrates tke rHes of Bacchus). 

BACHELOR, cielebe, quiuxorem num> 
quam hnbuit (it is also applicable to a 
widower): a redoubted bachdor, qui ab- 
horret ab uxore ducendA: a eoi^formoi 
old backelor, qui a ducendft uxore aic ab- 
horret, ut libero lectulo neget esao quid> 
quam jucundius. || 7« tke Academto 
sense: * baccalaurcus (one wAo Aaa tai^ 
kisjbrst degree, wkick degree i* called bae- 

BACK, tergum (an oppositidn to frona) : ^ 
dorsum (tke back of a quadruped: in op- 
position to venter or alvns. According io< 
Ddderldn, dorsum, from ifpai, ehnotes tke 
back in a horixonteU direction ; coneequent- 
ly, tke back of an animal, in opposition to 
tke beUy, Hks vdrov : tergum, (m back, in 
a perpendicular direction ; consequently, 
tke part between tke skoulders m a man, in 
opposition to tke breast, Hke fttrdippevov.. 
Hence dorsum montis denotes tke uppers 
most surface; tergum montis, tke ktnder 
part ofamountain) : witk tke back toward 
one, aversus : witk kie back to tke lights 
aversus a luminc. Back to back, inter ae 
aversi : to bind tke kands bekind the badt, 
religare or revincire manus post tergum 
or post terga : to put tke kanas bekind tke 
back, rejiccre manus in tersum : to walk 
up and down witk tke AaiiS* bekind tike 
back, manibus in tergum rejectia inam- 
bulare : to take on tke back, * ahouem or 
aUquid in tergum acdpere (Cic, be N. D.r 
3, 63, 139^ 1 to lift on on&e back, aliqnem 
or aliquid humerls attoUere : to lieontko 
back, suplnum cubare (in omosition to in 
ietdem cubare, Juven., 3, iSO) : tke wind 
ie at onefs back, tei^gnm afflat ventna. To 
lay upon its back, resupinare : to turn 
aidr backs, terga vertere or dare (take to 
fight) : a» soon as nty badk was turned. 
simul ac diacesaerim : to turn on^s back 
iqfon any one, aUcui tergum (of several, 
terga) o b vertere (literalty); aliquem de- 
aerere (to leave in tke lurch) ; aUcui deea- 
ae (to faU kirn) : bdkind any onifs badt, 
dam ui^tao, or aUqiio tedo, aUqiio t^ 


•ente : to tpeak ill of a person behind hfg 
badty alicui absend male dicere. \\Baek 
part : pars aversa: tergum : para poste- 
rior: back of the paper^ charta aversa. 
Written on the htukj scriptus in tergo 
(jJuvX The back qfthe head, aversa para 
capitis : occiput: back of the island, aver- 
aa iplurat) ^aalss : of the mountain^ aver- 
8fi.iiiontiB : avcrsus mons : at the back of 
t&« housSy (in) aversd. parte domils (£. «., 
tfi the back side of the principal building) ; 
in poatSco: (in) postScA parte vdium: 

Si) postic& domo (in the back building»). 
e Itoes at the back of the houte^ * habitat 
in averai parte domu» (i. e., hia vindaw» 
look into the court) : * habitat in postind 
wdium piute (in some of the back build' | 
inge). There was a garden at the back of 
ike lutueej hortus erat posticis ttdium par- 

BACK, adv.^ retro, retrorsum : ithcn 
iued ellipticailf it is expressed by cede ! 
oedite I recede ! receditc ! mostly expressed 
. by ro m oomptuition ; e. g., to call back, 
revocare : to turn back, rcvcrti (the past 
tenses from the perftXL, revcrti : hence re* 
vertcram, &c.t seldom revorsus sum. But 
the participle revorsus has the active mean- 
ing^ : of a driver, equos flcctere: to run 
beicK, recurrere : to JUf back, revolare : to 
roll back, rcvolvcre : to drive the enemy 
baekfivm the city, hostes ab urbQjrcpcUo- 
re or rejicere : to ^o back to Uu origin 
emd head of any thtng, aliquid alto ct a 
oapite repetero. 

BACK, V. a. II Mount, conscendere 
^e^., equum, to back, or mount a horse). 
D To back or take the part of any 
body, suffrasari alicui ; alicui favgro ; ju- 
vare or adQuvare aliquem ; adjumento 
erae alicui ; aliquem consilio et ret tueri, 
or operft et consilio Juvare : sustontare : 
sustingre. || To back or retreat, se 
recipere, retrorsum movdre ; to back wa- 
ter, navem retro inhibSre: inhibere na- 
icem remis, or inhibSre remis only. 

BACKBITE, TB., calumAiari (to accuse 
falsely and with malig7iant intention) ; 
nlso criminari aliquem apud aliquem.: 
de famft or existimatione alici^us dctra- 
liere : male dicere alicui : to speak ill of 
behind the back, absentem rodcre (Hor.) : 
de aliquo absente detrabendi cnusA miUe- 
dice contumelioseque dicere (Cic, Off,, 1, 
37, 134) ; alicui absenti male loqui (Ter., 
Phorm., 2, 3, 25). lam bachbitUn, detra- 
hitur de mefl famA. 

BACKBITER, calumniator; calumnia- 
trix; obtrectator. 

BACK-BONE, spina, or spina dorsi 
BACKDOOR, postica («c janua) ; osti- 
um postScum, also merely posdcum : Jar 
nua aversa or interior [loith the same dis- 
tinction as in Back-gate]. 

BACK-GATE, porta aversa (opposed to 
front gate): porta postica, or postica 
only (gate tn ike back buiidings) : of a 
camp, porta decum&na. 

BACK-GROUND, recessua : tff a paint- 
ing, qu» in pictOrd abscCdunt or rece- 
dunt To be in the back-ground, recede- 
re, abacederc (opposed to prominere): 

BACKSIDE, II pars posterior ; para 
aversa. \\ Of an animal: nates (of a 
man) : clunes (buttodt, of men or animals : 
dminutive, cluniciil»). 

BACKSLIDE, *patria sacra deserere: 
^ Christianorum sacra deserere. 
BACKSLIDING, * defectio a sacris. 
BACKSLIDER, defector (Tac) ; apo- 
stftta (EecL). 

BACKWARD, adv., retro ; retrorsum : 
to go bade, retro ire, or ambulare, or gra- 
di : backward and forward, ultro citroque. 
II 7*o go backward =z become worse: 
detenorem, deterius fieri; in deteriua 
mutari ; in pejorem partem verti et mu- 
tari. He goes backward in kis learning, 
non discit, sed dediscit. His affairs go 
backward, res ejus dcterloro loco sunt 
II With the back turned toward the 
spectator, aversus. Bears creep down 
from trees backward, lursi arbores aversi 

BACKWARD, a4f., ab aliquo or ab all- 
qnd re aversus, alienus : tardus (opposed 
to celor, velox : also qf the mind) : lentos 
(opposed to citos, and, of the mind, to 
moor) : sesmiB (pffossd to promtos) : ae- 


cording to DOdcrlein, tardus denotes slow- 
fisss with reference to the great length of 
time spent i whereas lentus with referenoe 
to quietness of motion (Handbook, p. 309) ; 
backward in transacting business, tardus 
in rebus gcrendis : badward in writing, 
cessatorem esse in Uteris : backward m 
learning, tardus ad discendum, or in dis- 
cendo; lentus in discendo; in^nio tar- 
do; ^igcr (slothful). \\ Loitering, Ac, 
cunctans; cunctabundus ; cessans; mo- 
ram faciena. \\ Late, with rtftrenc/e to 
time: serus: serotiuus: backward fgs, 
scru) tici : grapes, ecrotina) uvas. 

BACKWARDNESS, ignavU (opposed 
to industry and alacrity). Jn. tarditas et 
ignavia ; socordia atque i^avia ; pigritia ; 
inertia; scgnitics [Syn. tn Slowness] ; 
fuga laboris ; dcsidia ; languor ct dcsidia : 
or if backwardness is sealed in the will, 
animus alienus ; animus invltus. 

BACON, krdum (contraction of lari- 
dum, Plaul.). 

BAD, II in a physical sense, mains : 
bad weather, tcmpnstas mala, adversa, fa»- 
da : a bad journey, iter difficile, incom- 
mddum : a very bad road, via dctcrrima : 
bad money, numi adultcrini : a bad throat, 
angina: bad eyes, oculi lippi : to have bad 
eyes, lippiro : he wlio has bad eyes, lippus : 
a bad head, ponigo. \\ In a moral sense, 
malus (bad fty nature: opposed to bonus) : 
pravus (corrupted by bad habit) : bad by 
nature and corrujoed by habit, mains pra- 
vusquc : homo nequam (a bad or worth- 
less fellow : opposed to frugi) : to have a 
bad heart, esse ingcnio malo pravoque : 
a bad conscience, conscicntia mala : to he 
in bad repute^ male audire : to^et on bad- 
ly, male proficero in alioud re. Accord- 
ing to Doderlein, malus nomo is a mor- 
ally bad man ; bta ncqnam, a good for- 
notJiing man, whose fatdtiness sitows itself 
in aversion to useful labor, and a propens- 
ity to roguish tricks, in opposition to fru- 
gi ; pravus, a man whose ckaracterhas tak- 
en a vicious direction, in aphjfsieal, or in- 
tellectual, or moral point, of new, in oppo- 
sition to rectus (Hand-book, p. 131) : bad 
times, tempora iniqua, aspera, luctuosa ; 
temporum iniquitas; temporum calami- 
tates (the badness of the times) : bad news, 
nuncius tristis, acerbus : to hear bad news, 
paalum nuncium audire : a bad wife, mu- 
licr or uxor seeva, incommoda et impor- 
tuna ; bad company, * socii mail : to set a 
bad example, esse exempli mail : to try to 
mend a bad business, rem proclinatam 
adjuvare. U With reference to health: 
»gcr (bad in health), a»gcr atque invali- 
dus : very bad, gtavi et periculoso morbo 
«eger : to full into a baa state of health, in 
adversam valetudinom indicero : to be bdd 
again^ in morbum recidero; de inte^n'^ 
in morbum incidere: to be bad or stck, 
«grotare (opposed to valere) ; eegrotum 
esse ; in morlx) esse ; morbo laborare or 
aflecttmi esse ; valetudine affectum esse ; 
morbo vexari, or conflictari, iniqud vale- 
tudine conflictari : to be very bad^ ffnviter 
or gravi morbo sagrum esse. Via Sick. 

BADGE, signuin; nota; indicium (in 
a general sense) : insigne (a badge of 
honor) : insignia triumphi ; omamenta 
triumphalia : many haiee obtained badges 
of merit without deserving them, insignia 
virtutis multi etiam sine virtute assecuti 

BADGER, ursus mclca (Liv.). The 
melcs or miBles of the andents is, how- 
et>er, more probably the marten. Vid. 
Schndd., Varr., iZ, A, 3, 12, 3. 110«« 
who speculates in corn or provi- 
sions, fenerator or tocullio. e.x anndnsB 
caritate lucrans (Suet., Ner., 4S). 

BADGER, V. a., crudare ; excruciare ; 
torqu^re ; stimulare ; an^re ; vexare : 
to btidger with questions, aliquem rogitan- 
do obtundero.' to badger to death with 
auestions, aliquem rogitando enecare : to 
badger vkth entreaties, aliquem proclbus 
fatigare : to badger with complaints, ali- 
quem quer^is angere. [ The ^canis vertd- 
gua (hound employed in badger-hunting, 
Liv.') expels with difficulty the badger firom 
his hole (* cjivema urri melis), when the 
animal is hunted for his skin, * pellia nrsi 
melis ; hence to annoy incessantly is '* (o 
badger,'" or treat as you would a badger.] 


BADINAGE, Indus ; jocns; nngas; txi- 
c». To employ badinage, jocnlaria ftui- 
dere; ridicula jactitare; ludere; jocari; 
cum aliquo ludere, jocari ; aliquem lodi- 
brio habere: away with your badineige, 
quin tn mitto istas tricaa ; aufer nugaa { 

BADLY, male ; prave ; nequlter : to 
think badly, or have a bad opinion of a per- 
son, male opinari de aliquo : to speak had' 
ly of a person, alicid male dicere : to b^ 
have b€uUy to a person, ii^uriam alicui lii- 
ccre or inferrc : to turn out badly, male or 
secus c^cre : to manage matters badly, 
male rem gcrere : he is afraid that he may 
come qff biully, metuit, nc malum habeat : 
any body is coming off badly, male so bar 
bet oliquis ; male agltur cum aliquo. 

BADNESS, WbadTiess of character: 
ingcnium malum pravumque ; improbi- 
tas; nequitia. || Of conduct : flagiUumi 
probrum; scelus. 

BAFFLE, ad vanum, or ad irritum, or 
ad vanum ct irritum redigere (avoid ad 
nihil redigere in this sense: it is strtet- 
If, " to reduce to nothing," Luer., Liv.) : 
oisturbare (tinsettlewbothad been sMled) : 
perimere (destroy) : to be baffled, irritum 
neri; ad irritum cadere, or recldere, or 
venire : to baffle expectation, spem fallerc, 
or ludere, or destitucre : to see on<^s hope» 
baffled, spem perdere ; spe excidcro ; a 
spe decidcre; spe dejici: one's hope it 
iH^d, spcs ad iiritum cadit, or redigitur : 
to baffle all a person's plans, conturbare 
alicui omncs rationes : \f some accidents 
or avocation had not baffUd his design, 
nisi aliqui casus aut occupatio e^ con- 
silium pcremisset : death baffles all his 
hopes and all his plans, omnem spem at- 
que omnia vitsa consilia mors pervertit. 
In this manner «mm this undertaking bqf- 
fled, ita frustra id inceptum lis fuit 

BAG, saQCUs ; culeus (a larger bag cf 
leather, for sowing parricides in, and for 
various purposes): follis (a leaUiem bag 
for money, or leathern purse) : marsupium 
(a money-bag) : crum^ua (a sntdU money- 
bag or purse ; according to PhauL, Asin., 
3, 3, 67, and Truc^ 3, 1, 7, worn about ths 
neck) : zona (a small bag or purse slung 
around the body). A litds bag, aaccOlus : 
saccellus: follictllus. 

BAG, V. a., in saccum, or sacco con- 
dere (to put in a bag) : * sacco ingererc. 
Iktb., tumescere ; Intumescerc ; cxtn- 
mescere ; turgescere (to swdl like a bag 
that isfiUt) : * deformfem in modum sinu- 
ari (of domes). 

BAGATELLE; res parvi moment!: 
nugffi: apin» (Mart, sunt apin» trice> 
que et si quid villus Istis). / look upon 
any thing as a mere bagatelle, aliquid mihi 
jocu» or Indus est To the Greeks, false 
tatimony is a mere bagatelle, Grsscis Jus- 
jurandum jocus est, testimonium ludus. 

BAGGAGE, sardn», impedimenta, 
orum, Tt. (both, also, of an army : aarcinie, 
that of individuals} imj>ediraenta, that of 
the whole armu, especially as carried tm 
wagons or by beasts of burden) : impedi- 
menta et carri (the baggage and tsagona 
by u^ich they are transported) : to plunder 
the baggage, impedimenta diripere : to 
take the baggage, impedimenta capere; 
impcdimenCis potiri : to take all their bag- 
gage from the enemy, omnibus impedi- 
mentis hostem exuere: to lose the bag- 
gage, impedimenta amittere ; imped!- 
mentis exui : soldiers without baggage, 
milites expediti: to fight while encnm^ 
bered with their baggage, sub onere con- 
tligere : to auadc the enemy while they wers 
encumbered with their baggage, hostes sub 
sarclnls adoriri. || ^s a word of con^- 
tempt, sordes; lutum; scortum. 

BAGNIO, \\a bathing-house: bali- 
neum or balneum, plural, mostly as het- 
eroeUte, balnesa or balincv, seldom (in 
Cic. itevet) balinea or balnea, orum : the 
plural is used of public baths, the singular 
of private, Varr,, L. Z.., 9, 41, §68 [vid. 
Bath] : balnearia, orum (private bathing- 
places in gardens, villas, Slc., Cic, AtL, 
13, 29, 2 ; Cic, QuinL, Fr., 3, 1, 1, § 1) : ther- 
nuB (public buildings erected by the em- 
perors for bathing and taking exercise) : la- 
vatio (a place for bathing : by loter writers, 
l&vacnmi) : || lupanar ; lustrum (a brothd). 
BAIL, aponaio; fideJuMio, ▼adimoninm 


(mrtco^nkamog or hail to appear in» court 
ofjmmtat) : camto (a aeeuriiy) : mtiodatio 
i^maramtea, or otcar&^for tht per/ermanet 
9fa t tip m l a t i a m) : to promim teat, radimo» 
niaat promittere : kt who hao mad« tht 
freamet qpd est in Tiirihmmio; (0 ^we 
baUt roonnoDem or rudimoninm facere ; 
ipoDsione ae obstringero ; satiadire : to 
eafa bad, tatia acdpcre : to finrfeit bail, 
▼adhnoDinm deaerere: to iUatumd bailt 
Tadem poacera : of amy tedjp.aliqaem 
vadari H^ bail, or one who give» 
bail: spoxwor; fidejoacor; vaa, vadia, 
m. f praa. l^ According to D6derUi»^ 
■ponaor u a surety in a general eenee, 
wkogaaranteee any thing whatever f where- 
a» Taa and praa are enretiee m a court of 
jfueioe; vetSjOnewhogivoeeecurityforthe 
appearanee of one or odur party in court ; 
praa, who givee eeeurity far a clam of 
government (Hand-boei, p. 903V Jh 
give lof bail, dam so aubducere : ragA ae 

BAIL, v^ JUgive bail for any body, 
tpooaorem, prasdem eaae pro aliqno: 
qtoDdere, fidem interponere pro aliqoo ; 
Tadem fieri afieujua aiatencU (for hie ap- 
pearamee); predem fieri pro aliqno or 
aUcnjos rei ; obaidem alicujua rei fieri : 
Tadem ae dare aUcui pro aliquo. H Ac- 
cept bail for any body, radea ^pns- 
des) acetpere alici:^jua rei : vadimomo in- 
terpoaito aliquem liberare {qf a pervon 
who would odurmiee be hept in prieon). 

BAILIFF, administrator : procnrator 
{manager of the e^aira of an abeentee by , 
commaanon) : TiUicoa (an under-eteward 
ef a aM»or) : to commit the management 
«fan eetau to a bailiff, Tillicum fnulo fa- 
milioqne pnaponere : apparitor (of» oj^ 
etrofa court cfjueticcy wJkoee bueineee it 
it to execute arreate. Sec ; also hetor : bul 
these words answer in part oiUjf to our bal- 
^f or catchpoll): the high btuUff, qnaeeiSor 
ac Judex primna. 

BAIT, cu, ^Utofumieh a hook, &e^ with 
a bait, * eacam unponere or obducere (a 
kookthamo). ^To allure by food ajah, 
due; i.e^ to bait for: iooacare; dbo 
iocecare; ciboaUk;6re. JiOn a journey, 
■obaiateT» in itinere ; iter intermittere ((o 
aaependon£» journey)', devertere : dererti : 
dereraari (to turn in for refreehatent, &c.) : 
at any bodfe houoty ad or aptid aliquem : 
amy where, ad «r in locum. Obs. direrte- 
ze can not be used except where the partie» 
separate^ and some go to one inn, soma to 
another. To bait horses, eq^orum refici- 
endonim caosA aubeiatcre \trfler Cos., B. 
Cbf^ 2, 4&, end) : * equorum reficiendo- 
mm caAuA apnd oUquem, or ad aliquem 
locum deversari (I To set dogs upon, 
immiacre canea alicui or in aliquem* 
I To attach as dogs do, morauappre- 
hendere: mordicua premere aliqnid: 
morn» appetere aliquem. Fio. = assail 
pertinaciously : inTadere in aliquem : 
ncuraare in aliquem: vexare, agitare. 
lacenere aUquem. || To bait a bear or 
a bull, *ur<um or taurum cum canibua 

BAIT, «^ eaca, Uleccbra {properly and 
istpraperbf) : dbua ad frauoem alicujua 
poaicua : also, from context, cibua 01»^. 
To catch with a baU, dbo ineacare. 
I Buu^-baiL Vid. Buzx. 

BAITING -PLACE, deversorinm; ta- 
bema dereraoria : devcrticulum. 

BAIZC, * pannufl laneua crassioria teln. 

BAKE, eoquere {general term far mak- 
ing hard by heat ; bread, bricks, &jc.) : 
toKTere, torrefoccrv, eiccare {to dry, parch, 
kc; e. g., igni frngea; terram aolia ar- 
doreX Int»., coqui : pcrcdqui : excOqui : 
bricks baked in a kun, laterea cocti or 
eoetSea : lo hake bread, panea eoquere. 

BAKE-HOUSE, piatrlna; pistrinum. 

BAKER, pifltor ; fumariua ; fumariam 
exerceiM (piator is the slave employed in 
baking ; fumariua, the freeman exercising 
As tradt) : a baker of fancy bread, pittor 
dnldarina, or merely duldariua : a baker's 
wtfe, liumarium exercentia uxor {Suet^ 
Fk, 2) : a female baker, piatrix {Varr^ L. 
Xs5,3L,§138): O* #*mW o/>alr«r«, » cor- 
pQi, oollpgium fomariorum : a baker's 
epprentiee, fumiuium exercentia {accord- 
*i^ 10 8uH^ Vit., 2), or pistrina) alumnua 
{according to Tac, Aim., 15, 34, 3) : fto- 


ker's bread, pania a prop61A emtua (Clc, 
Pis., 27, extraeC) : the baker's market, forum 
pistorium : baker's man or boy, opera piato- 
ria {atostly in the plural, opere piatori»). 

BALANCE, «., U/or weighing: tru- 
Qna {TpvTarri: properly, thehole in which 
the tongue of the balance plays : then gen- 
eral term for balance: tru tine, quaa 
atat6r» dicuntur, Vitr., 10, 3, 8, 4) : libra 
(a pair of scaiss) : Matera {mostly steel- 
yard I seldom veur of scales) : lanx (the 
scale of the baJanee) : ta weigh in a bal- 
ance, penddre; trutins oxaminare (Cie., 
De Or., 3, 38, 159) : not to weigh in too 
nice a balance, non aurifida staterA, aed 
popular! trutfnA examinare : librare. 
\i Equality ofuieight, momentum par 
[not SBquillbxitaa, or equilibrium. Vid. 
JHet.]. The balance is destroyed, portio- 
num equitaa turbatur : to disturb the bal- 
ance of the mind, nquitatem animi tur- 
bare (Sen.) : in a balance, pari memento, 
or auia pcnaderibua Ubratus : to maintain 
a balance of power, prorid&re. ne eequa 
ciTitatum conditio turbetur : to lose on^s 
balance, labi. H That which is want- 
ing to make equal, or the differ- 
ence, mod reliquum reatat || Of a 
watch, ubramentum. || Fio., conaidera- 
tio; reputatio; deliberatio: comparatio. 

BALANCE, v., || to keep in equilib- 
rium, aUquid aula ponderibua lil»tu«. 
Intk., auia ponderibua librari (afier Cic, 
TWc, 5, 94, 69) : librare ; pendfire ; pen- 
aare ; ponderare ; truHoA' examinare : to 
balance virtues and vices against each 
other, perp^iidere vitia viriuteaque: to 
balance every word, luramquodqne ver- 
bum stat^rA examinare (Varr., Non., 455, 
21 ; Cic DeOr.,%3^ 159). H To bal- 
ance an account, rationea conaolidare 
(dc). II To balance or make equal, 
adequare aliooid cum aliquo. 

BALANCEk, penaitator : to be a most 
minute balancer ofworde, eaae rerborum 
penaitatorem aubtiliaaimum (QelL, 17, 1). 

BALCONY, podium : Mmrianum (tn 
ihje circus, to view the gdmes. Vid. Breni, 
Su^ CaL, VS) : aolanum denotes a sort 
of terrace on the houses of the Ramans, for 
basking in the sun. 

BALD, glaber (^iX^f, fry nature or by 
shearing ; appUee to the parts of the body, 
but not qf the head, where hair is wanting i 
and to plofies where plants, trees, dec., 
should stand): calrua (wiAout hair or 
feathers by nature, or through old age : 
with rtferenr^ to men, it mer^ amUes to 
the head; with reference to animals, to the 
uhole body) : bald in front, pra»calvua : 
bald behind, recalvua (both post-August- 
an) : a bald head, calritium (ruft calvitiea 
or cepitia levitaa) : bald places, where 
nothing grows, g^abreta, orum, n.: to be 
bald, «dvgre ; oslvum ^ee ; glabrSre ; 
glabrumeaee: to grow bald, csAram&eri; 
glabrum fieri: to be growing bald, cal- 
Teacere ; glabreacere : to make bald, cal« 
rum fucere; glabrum facere; glabrare. 
i3r According to DOderlein, levia, IctIb 
(Acio(), means smooth, in opposition to 
rough and raggedy and gives a pleasant 
impression of elegance; whereas glaber 
(YMifmfHii), in opposition to rough, cov- 
ered wtth hair, and grown up, and givee 
an unpleasant impreesion of deficiency. 
II Unadorned, inelegant (of style) : 
inomatua: incomtna: mcultua: impoli- 
tus: exilia. \\ Mean, worthless: ab- 
jectua: hnmilia: vilis. 

BALDERDA8H, farrftao (with reference 
to the corueius), aart&go {with reference to 
the words, Pers.). 

BALD-HEAD, calvithmi (not calvitiea). 
II He who has a bald head, calvua (by 
nature or age : opposed to comatna) : pilia 
defectua (by age, Phad.^ 5, 7, 2). 

BALDNESa calritiea; capitia levitaa. 

BALDRIC, cingiUtmi, zona (the former 
ae genuine Latin, zona <m derived from 
the Greek, ^«^ : zona applies espedaUiy to 
the finely-wrought girdles of females ; both 
111 to the division cf the earth, and the 
" in which money i$ carried). \\"The 
of the heaven^ (Sperms.), ths todi- 
ac, orbia or circulua rignlfer; drculua, 
qui aignifer vocatur ; also merdy aignifcr : 
by later writers the Greek term zodiacua 
C^ioic^) was introduced. 


BALE, faada, *ftaela merdum {of 
goods): to make into bales,^ in faace» col' 
Ugare ; mercea in faadculoa colligare. A 
heavy bale, merdum molea. t| Calami- 
ty, miaeria ; rea niiacr« or afllictai ; ca- 
lamftaa; malum; damnum. 

BALEFUL, influx; miaer; calamito- 
i^ ; luctuoaua ; pemicioaua ; cxitioaus ; 
cxitialia ; fnneatua ; to be baleful, pemidci 
eeae; nocire. 

BALE OUT, v., exbaurire : not exan- 
tlare in good prose. 

BALK, Ua beam, tignum; trabe. 
}^ Between two fielde: confinium 
(space leji uneuUivated, to divide two 
fields, Beier ad Cic, De Off., 2, 18, 64) : 
umea (cross-way forming the boundeury 
between twOfieUU, SalL, Varr., R. R., 1, 16, 
6, where limea et confinium). || Disap- 
pointment, frnatrado; ludificatio. 

BALKf v., U disappoint, frustrate: 
fraudare (the proper word to cheat, injure, 
or rob any body oy an abuse of his confi- 
dence) : dedpere {to deceinei outwit by a 
suddenly executed plot) : drcumvenire 
(outwit by an artfuUy laid plot) : deatitu- 
ere (to leeae in the lurch ; also, to deceive, 
beguile qf: deoa mercede, Hor.: apenij 
Liv.^ : fruatrare, more commonly fruatrari 
(to let any body expect in vedn the fulfil 
wient of a promise or kope : aliquem ape 
auxilii, Ln.: exapectadionem alicujaa, 
Plin. : apea me fruatrata eat, TV.) : elu- 
dere (to auiJke «port of; also, to evade an 
attack: aliqaem; manua acrutantium, 
Pctr. : vim leps, Suet.) : Indificari (ea, qua» 
hoafcea agerent, Liv.): ad vanum or ad 
irritum, or vanum et irritum redigero {(o 
render what hae been done ueeleu) : dia- 
turbare (throw into confusion, ana so de- 
stray). TV balk any body's hops, expectet- 
tion. Sec., apem iallere, ludere or deatitu* 
ere : to be balked, fidli (to be deceived) ; Ir- 
ritum fieri; ad irrftum oadere, reddere 
or venire : to see on^s exaeciation btUked, 
apem perdere ; ape excioere ; a ape deci- 
oere; ape dejid; apea ad irritum cadit 
or redigitnr : fruatrari ape {Sail) : apea 
aUquem fruatrata eat (Ter.). To balk all 
a man^s plans, conturbare alicui omnca 
rationea. Death has balked all his hopes 
and plans, oranem apem atque onmla vite 
conailia mora pervertit. H umit, refuse, 
Vid. \\ Attempt to shun^ eludere (ali- 
quem; baataa): declinaro (impetum, Cic.). 

BALL, II any round bodf, pila: a 
ball to throw or play with, pila wtth or with- 
out luaoria. The Romans had four kinda 
of balls : pila trigonalia or trigon (a smaU, 
hard ball stuffed with hMr, played by three 
persons who stood in the form of a triangle, 
eath striking it to the other with the hand 
or with a racket, Mart., 4, 19, 5 : to play 
with this ball was datatim pilA ludere, 
Plaut., Cure, 2, 3, 17): follia: foUiculua 
(a large leathern ball, also called follia pn- 
gillatorlua. According to Georges and 
the Dictionary of Antiquities, it was filled 
with air ; but Martial would seem to make 
it stuffed wUh feathers: plumea aeu laxi 
partiria pondera foDia, 4, 19, 7. To play 
with this ball w4s, pUA expulaim ludere, 
Varr. in Non., 104, 27) : paganlca (a large 
ball, but smaller than the follia: it was 
stuffed wUh featherSf and played with in the 
open air, in country districts, Sec. : in pa- 
ffia) : harpaatum {ipsaorov, ipvd^^ : a 
ball filled with doth, feathers. Sec. It woo 
played by two parties, each of which endeav- 
ored to snatck it from the other and keep 
it from them; hence Mart.: aive harpaa- 
ta manu pulverulenta rapia, 4, 19, 6): 
to throw a ball, pilam Jactare or mittere : 
to return a ball, pilam rcmittere ; reper> 
cutere or retorqu^re : the ball s^ps, pQa 
e manibus labitur : to keep the baU up, pi- 
lam cadentem revocare : to raise it up 
again afier it has fallen, rcpetere pilam, 
qu» terram contiglt : to play at bau, pilA 
ludere ; pilA ee excrcAre ; pilA exerceri : 
to be fond qf playing at ball, hidore atudi- 
oee pilA ; pu89 studio teneri : a good play- 
er at bfdl, lueor bonua or exerdtatua et 
doctue, oppoeed to tiro et indoctaa : a 
jOay-feUow at ball, colluaor : we are but 
baUe in the hands of the gods, dtt noa qua- 
si pilaa bominea babcnt (Plaut., Copt. 
PrM.,22): a MUi^d^aU, * globulus cbur- 
neua. Foot-ball, ioOia, wOUsrHaa. \liAny 



r»uud ««0«, g^obuB, pik. The tank- 
ball, pUa terra ; or, better, g\6bu» terrv. 
The nebaU, pnpftla* pupiUa, adea. Th» 
ball <tfth$tkigh-bon*, c«put omIs fiamdri*, 
InMiall, u$td in prinHngrt * folUciilufl ty- 
pogr^hicut. The bmil of Uu foot, plant» 
pars ezstantior. For trntaket-ball w* «^ 
0«y alalia ; for cannon-ball, globua ; for 
bomb, mla. || A littU boU, globalaa, pUa- 
la, fouiculoa. |1 An entertainment 
for dancing, aaltatio: to gioe a bflU, 
aaltationem inaCitaere : to go to a ball, 

* aaltatum ire : to be at a baU, aaltatiooi 

BALLAD, perkogpe eannen ^icolYri» 
onm. A street -ballad, carmen trimle 
(Juoem^ 7, 55, JZMpern) : ballad-oinger, 

* cantor circumforaneoa. 

BALLAST, aaborra: to lade a th^ with 
baUatt, narem aaburrA gravare; narem 

BALLET, pantomlnraa : embc^om 
(Cie. : interiu^ a SeeL, 54, 116). BaUet- 
mooter, *qai pamtomimum docet Ballet- 
dancer, pantennii 'm (Jem. pantomima) : 
tmboUaria (qf a female, FHn,). 

•BALLOON, *machlna aSrobatica (afr- 

BALLOT, «dobommaufiragia: tobal- 
lot, *globia auffragim fsrre: aballoi-ball, 
glebna ; teaaera ; calenhia : a ballot-box, 
arcflla ; oapaftla ; ciatOla, in onA teaaer» 
conduntnr: to ballot, *^obla aoffragia 

BALL-ROOM, locna qao utriuaqne aex- 
Aa JaTenea aaltandi cauaA Teniunt i^^fter 
etc., LdL, 15, 36) I *0Bcuain quo aaltant 

BALM, bakiaram : opobalaaomm : bal^ 
■ami anccua or lacrima {PUn., 13, SS^ 54) : 
balaami oleum (PUn^ 23, 4, 47) : unguen» 
torn ; fomentom. || Fio^ solatium (jeomr 
fort) : fomentum (eootking application). 

BALBfY, [i of balm; balaamlnua (/3aA- 
ejuvos, Plfn., S3. 4, 47). |i Smelling 
of balm, balsamddea (BaXoaiMiidrif, PUni, 
1^ 19, 43): tuarea odores spargena: to 
aaiif bahtf odors, suavea odoros spargere : 
Jkmers emit a b^mt/ fragrance, auaves 
odorea afllantur^e floribna. || Soft, mol- 

^lenia, dulds, auavia. 


BALUSTRADE, plnteua or phitenm: 
cancelU: clatiirL 

BAMBOO, arundo Indica : calamus In* 
dicus iPlin., 16, 36. 65 : arundo Bamboa, 
Lio.) : beanboo Maor», hasto gramine» (C. 
Verr., 4. 50, IS^ 

BAMBOOZLE, circumTenirD; Oludere 
ef dest itu ere ; fraudem or fallaciam alicui 
fineere ; dolum alicui nectere, confingere ; 
fidlere ; alicui Imponerc : alictd focum 
CfKsere: aliquem circumduoerc {sslead 
him by the noee. Com.) : alicui rerba dare 
[Stn. in Dkceiyx]. He got his atsoei- 
ates into a scrape, deceived, abandoned, 
and oompUtolo bambootled tkeot^ socios in- 
dnxit, decepit, destituit, omni fraude et 
perfidiA fefellit (Cic). 

BAMBOOZLER, fraudator: homo ad 
faOendum paratna or izMtructns : drcum- 
aeriptor: pneatlgiator: deoeptor: a com- 
plete bambootUr, homo ad fniudem acu- 
tus ; Teterator ; homo totus ex fraude 
ftotus : to be a complete baotbootler, totum 
ex fhmde et fidlacna conatare. 

BAN, II a» interdiction: (1) Secu- 
lar, aqu» et ignis interdictio: to place 
under a ban, aquA et i«ni interdicere ali- 
cui (3) Ecclesiastical, sacrificiorum 
interdictio ; anethCma, atis, »., excom- 
municatlo : to place under a ban, sacrifi- 
ciis faiterdicere aHcui (Ccs., B. Q., 6, 13, 
where the e xp re ssion is thus explained ; 
quibua ita interdictum, ii numero impio- 
rum ac aceleratorum habentur; lis om- 
nea decedtmt. adltum eorum aermonem- 
que defdgiunt, ne quid ex contagione in- 
commodfaodpiant; neque lis petentiboi 
jus redditur, neque honos uHus commu- 
nicatnr); aUquem anafliematizare ; ex- 
commmiicare (Sed.) ; also derovftre aU- 
quem. Jl Curse^ exaecratio ; derotio ; 
imprecatla || Bane of marriage, 

* prnconia sponsalitia : * nitnrarum nup- 
tlamm promnlgi^ia In Ae canon tev, 
proclamationes sponal et spons» In ec« 
clesiis fieri sottt». H Ban qf the empire, 
proscriptio ab imperatore et ordiiabvia 



Germani» irrogiOa, and from context 
«Mre/y proacriptio. 

BAN, v., exsecrari ; deTovSre ; diras 
alicui imprecari; aHnucm detestarl; de- 
teatari in caput alicujus minas et peoricu- 
la : detestarl in caput alici^us inmi deo- 
rum. According to DddeHeint exsecrari 
means " to cursed* uthon one would exclude 
a guiUjf person from human society, as jie- 
voted to the infernal gods, in oppoHtion to 
bleesingt detestarl metms "to curse,** 
when one wiehee to deprecate eoil fry on op- 
peal to the gods agtbist apereon or thing, 
in opposition to *'praying in bdka{f of." 
(Handrbook, p. 1.) 

BAND, «., that which binds. Tin- 
ctdum: ligunen; Hgamentnm, }\That 
which binds together, copula. U J^'or 
the hair, redinuculum; tasnia; Ascia. 
II ^or womnde, fascia; Tinctura; lisa» 
mentum ad Tulnus deligandum: mitdla 
(for a broken arm). jJiAn ornament 
for the head, ritta ; infnla (for the 
priests) ; lemniscus (ril>bon of a garland). 
II Of iron about a beam, armilla. ||'<4 
troop or company, globus; turba: ca- 
terra; grex; manipulus; turma (of Con- 
akry) ; manus ; muuitudo : bands of rob- 
bers, latronum globus : a band qf conspir- 
ators, ooi^juratorum globus.: armed bande, 
armatorum copia. 

BAND, v., sociare ; conaodare ; se jun-^ 
gere ; se cotuungere alicui or cum aliquo ;' 
se coo jungere cum copiis aUcnjus ; anna 
consodare cum aliquo ; aigna oonierre 
ad aliquem. 

BANDAGE, «., fascia; (if smalt) fasd- 
6la ; ligamentum ad minus deligandum ; 

BANDAGE, m deligare, aUigare, obli- 

BAND-BOX, oapaa ; capsula. 

BANDIT, sicarius (one who tends and 
hires out his hand to a secret assassina- 
tion) : also, from context, insidiator; latro. 

BANDY, ultro dtro agere, modo hue 
modo illuc pulsare. || Agitate, agitare, 
Texare, exagitare. ^ To bandy looks, 
fidenter inter se asptcere : words with 
one, verba commutara cum aliquo (as a 
friend) ; cum aliquo altercari. 

BANDY-LEGGED, varus; valgus; va- 
tius ; cruribus varia^ or valgis, or vatiis : 
compemis : varus and val^^ mean bent 
outward, or *^ bow-legged ;" vatius and 
compernis, bent inward, or ** knock-kneed,** 

BANE (poison), vcntaum, virus. HTAal 
which destroys, pestis,peniicies :n(<n, 
mischief, pemicies, exitium. 

BANEFUL, Tenenatus; veneno imbft- 
tus, infoctus or tinctns. A Fio., acertms ; 
pernidoeus; eidtiosus; exitiaUs; fnnes- 
tus ; damnosus : to be bttn^ul, pemidd 
esse ; nocdre : who does not know that tkas 
is of a ban^ul nature f quis non intelligit 
banc rem noc6re t 

BANEFULNESS, vis nocoidi (Tac, 
iltfft., 15, 34) : natura pemidoaa, exJtlalis, 
or dunnosa. 

BANG, «., percussio ; percussus ; plaga 
fvid. Blow] : a bang on thehead, percus- 
sio capitis: a fraf^ at (Ae door, pulsus ostii 
II A noise, ingens tragor, or inoens sonitus. 

BANG, v., pulsare aliquid diquA re : 
percutere aliquid aliquA re : to bang on^s 
head against the wall, caput Olidere or 
impingere paridti ; L e , with a murderous 
intention from deepair : to bang any body 
withfiots, aliquem pugds cedere or coU^ 
phis pulsare : with a stick, aliquem fhsti 
vert)erare : to be an adept in banging and 
beating, ad pmlsandos verbcrandosque 
homines exemtatissimum esse : to bang 
or drub soundly, mulcare, wUh or without 

BANISH, alicni aquA et i^ intenlice- 
re, exsilio afflcere, in exsihum agere or 
exigere, ex urbe or ex dvitate pellere, 
expellere, ejicen% extorbare ; megvre 
(fo a certain place, without depriving of 
the rights of a dtiten and ofontts 
(to transport to a 
: this was the severed, kind 
and subfected a person 
loss of eMzenskip and of property, and cut 
ofau hope tf return) : for ten years, rele- 
gare in deoem aanoa : any one Co a» M- 
and, aMqnem relejiare, deportare, proji- 
cere in insulam. r Fro., to banish aoubt. 


expellere dnbttatioDem ; all ouspidomf 
deldre onmem suspidonem ex ankno; 
love from the hearty amoram ex animo c#. 
cere, amovAre : lite authority of the senate 
from the state, exterminaro audoritatem 
aenatiU e dvitate : to baniA sorrow, mcas- 
titiam ex animis pdlere. A bemished 
man, exsul (who hae been driven firom Uo 
country, or hae fiodfrom U in order to ev 
cape ftom puntshment) : extonris patriA, 
extorris (as bsing homeless, without nfer- 
encs to punishmenf) ; relegatus, depor- 

BANISHMENT, interdictio aqu» et ig- 
nis, ^)ectio : involuntary, to a distant, des- 
ert place, and attended with the forftitura 
oftherighte cf citiienship, deportatio : Co 
an appotnted place, with noforfeitwre, rtA- 
egatio: exsilium («ta<«q/'6alliMM«flC,eo<- 
«nCar|f or involuntary). To go into ban- 
ishuunt, in exsiUum ire, proficisd, per- 
gere ; exsulatum ire, abire ; aohun ver- 
tere exsilii cansA, solum mutare. To Uve 
in bani^unent, in exaiho ease, exsulari. 
To return from banishment, exsilio rediro. 
Plau of banishtnent, exsiHum : to reeaU 
from ban ishmen t, revocare de or ab ex- 
silio ; reducero de exsiUo ; in patriam re- 
vocare, or restitnere. 

BANK, II o/ a river, ripa. A sten 
banh, ripa ardna, locus arduus: pred]^ 
tone, ripa prsrupla, prsceps ; locus pra»- 
mptns, prnceps; pr8sc^)S, pnedpitinm. 
II Heap of earth, Mger; moles; tumu- 
lus; clivus-; locus edmor. JUBank of 
oars, aeanmum; transtrum. \\ Sand- 
bank, syrtis (o4prts) ; or, in pure Latin, 
pulvinus (Ssrv., ad ^il, 10, 3U3). || For 
money, mensa publica ; argentaria, with 
or without mensa; ^snrarium mercato* 
rum : to put wtoney in the bank, pecuniun 
apufl menaam puUicam occupare : to pay 
from the bank, a menaA pubHcA numera» 
re : t*« person who does this, mensaiius. 
II Of a gaming-house, *arca aleato* 
ria : to brtak tke bank at a single throw, 
* totam aleatoris arcam uno Jactu exhau- 

BANK, v., molem or aggArem exstru^ 
re : Co banh a river ^ nuvium extra ri- 
pas di£Buentem coercAre. J| To banh 
with t deposit in a bankf pecuniam 
apud azventarioa deponerc. 

.BANKER argentarius; mensarius; nu- 
mularius : to be a banker, argentarlam fa- 
cere : to be an eminont betnker, maximtm 
argentariam iacere. 

BANK-NOTE, «teaaira menaao pubU- 


BANKRUPT, lere dirttus: decoctor 
(cAroi^A extravagance): hoais evervnst 
a fraudulent bankrupt, creditorum frao- 
di^r : to become a bankrupt, a mensA sur> 
gere ; dissolvere argentanam (of a bank' 
er) ; cedere foro (o/ a tradesman) : coo* 
turl>are (absolutelu) : cormere, cadere (op- 
posed to stare) : decoquere, with or with- 
out creditoribus; are dirni: to becouu 
a complete bankrupt, naufnigium omd* 
um fortanarum ftcero : to become a bank- 
rupt through miefortune, and not by 
onifs own fault, fortxme vitio non fuo de- 
coquere : to be near banga bankn^ in 
ere alien o vadllare. fj^ Observe Uiat 
decoquere is used for one who, by a pri- 
vate arrangement, aaaigns his proper^ to 
his creditors. 

BANKRUPTCY, ndns or naufragium 
fortnnarum; naufragium or everdo rd 
famiUaris : tabula» novas (of a state ; new 
debt-books for the adromtage of the dAtor): 
to dedare ontfs bankruptcy, fenua et im- 
pendium recusare: a person is on the 
verge of bankrupteu, fortanarum ruin» 
alicui impendent : » osiottnCs to a natioi^ 
al bankruptcy, res ad tabulas novas pe^ 

BANNER, signum militare, or aignum 
only : vexilhun : to raiee the banner or 
stanaard, sicnum or VexfiUnm proponere; 
vexQlum toUere: to lower the bemner or 
standard, vexiDum submittere : to fght 
nnder any bod^s bannere, signa aUciuva 
seoui; tastra alicujus seqni ; todesertany 
boa^s 6«itn«r«, aigna militariarelinquere ; 
aaindsdiscedeTe: toretumtotkebemnero^ 
ad Blgna ae redpere. 

BANNI AN (a sort of light nndrets), j 
haps Teatia domestica. 

RUnnaTKRS lamfUd fitm Hum- 
BU). nilmaHiini (fi<v4< Or^y 
USNOCK. A MM. uii^ plHtDia 

«■ ■■ JWilfi IK- nd now. « 'low «i> 

■■J) : dlpM (• niMu ihmJ j ■ /mm « 
Ik ^erinM^ : sptuoin (a •oImh ikiiiI, 

£S!lU*^^^' *■"»■* eooTlTlnni 

■^lam ■Nml dm; iplfU a tenfMt, 
■onMambiUniiface; la^Ualat- 
tui». «Brirl Bi n tifca i naiiiTJTlii redda- 

BAHTEB. n. ladlbrta rfU hriitrg iH- 
Mtn 1 ■Uqnaa liridtn (fa laaglt tt) : 
StttatmieUtnlbimect): illqgaoeiT- 

Ml ttceOU ■Bqdan trrfitn: any In^ 


«w : M b A* Mt^ <tf «f t» 

Ittim, ' ameta lando : rtfiMir nj top- 
daa, *ntalB, In qaw iabnllum. qnl k- 
ak CbiMUBti inUali tont. uomlDH iTfn- 
nan ir. Ctnifau a} iafOam, Tld. Bu- 

lipttiwaf /m, bnpUHFrtum ^ tapl/moj 
ftiHe^ pTasiioiiKd : bdp(ifiaaJ unj)Eaiit, 

MHifcMK •aUnlHnrta Harl. sum wrii 
OrtHkiditBiaraamcaa; or (>/ lii >lai<! 
i> A> psteA •■lirDi luerii inrarl, quo die 
weria Cteinlanli Inlllusi (taeill. 
BA PTIBT, bapUrii. b, k CJnmirM)' 
BAPTfZR, b^jllun (Eccl.) : *Hcrii 
ChrMiBiU inftive: lo ih lAa< a atiU ii 
li ^ i 'i< . ■ taftntEm Bciii Cluiiduia liil< 

an (rf<4 ioS^: nib«lUi: [hniDi, 
Or ih*w ^jMinuw m dt »ar, ut pri. 
■aaaa fornm inigL /h tai l^n lAi W, 
Bhlteia dull fan. 7*i hlr nfHiru a 
fiai. tBvng vAcc. fubaFlHn gn>tarem e[ 
pkniorm] Tocvni devlderBtjt. TV vUad 
Bltxbar, «uiu «gFTB. 71. bar (adro- 

_._ _...o obdero, lIFio, 

mtrtif lUquA IE (nfTfi- In allqaA r 
psdhiKDU exa sUcnl (sllcul id) ; 

leer* alnl ai(< ilicgl rel bUciOiu. II 7*0 
/ar*H uTinManaccmarfaiiiaiii) {■■ 
>*Mh faOaKtKf ' -tUerdlure m11cii< ull- 

«1 n (Co (Jl« OsUm Agi, -"--■ 

•Uqiiid. «r bM De/>Iln4u, 

lUcid pTBdken, feitJl ng 

km dnno n« (Au. Oo. en. fl Ta yri 
atnt, Bredr* lilqiieai reomb aUqtii n 
proiHlMn (Uquld lb iHqno. DT ■Uqaem *1 

•^v ibu. Ulod d eiHpofi, excluarii. 
^RKAID, r— '" 


- '.^. 

"barbacan, n . 

HaKBARIAM, bM-harai (/or™., el 
(A< ■cowrfiuriiiii of E*< Hiu a/keiUi 
(iin) ; nidii. bebca M ImpoHmt; tamna 
IBUa sipen. J| Cra ct, frnmanlt ie bi 
banu: likt a hariaritHL, bulure; Inb 
rnaiw ; HITS ; cnidcUter : Ig qnJi lUi 
tvitfjan, bubaie loqnl : >A< ^«cA of 
tAtnrtei, Hrmo hoirUnlni uqoe 1 


BAItBABJ8H(ane ,. 

barbarimu. I Ctartrt, Vio. 

barbabtK bt- ■ 

BARBED, buDntu' 1 _ 

BARBEL. HKWInf riza-fjL. buijiu : 
molliu (HaiivM) : unUiu IntulDi (/<■>- 

BARBER, tauar: la iifeiaa at bmrirr, 

nJerc or dbnden barbav aBinUui (vifA 
a raiw. noTMnli) : toadem ilicujut bar- 

Oa^ Wj: liiirtBr imlnUM irf a harhar, 
tDnrtrtnum (faowi., 4«, T, anil S), 1) : lo 
(BsfAltlfrwiauIitfa Aoricr, idlqusm laa- 

mrna, femmcntfi uhihtu (Usrl. 14. 36] : 

rfl: » /baa^t tarifT, toditrll : ^f w k* 
£fflVilV (0 a barbff, tODBOllUL 

BARD, burdu. (t) ; tU» i Ub «mj «f 

1-7 Bud pnnierlji mow " a I>iiiJical 
pbd." ^ u al» ami /«- -^ a po^ in 
gnrrtl ; biabl llu laacr wrtK MoaJiJ it 

it^Stt, Ha<Xi 

*"# ; Bfpatti lo 

opertufl) : non tecma (a/Iff 

tKtn'). IJUalfcTrrf, mntiifH 

nudiu, luorrtatUK, «Implex. llPpor, au- 

Ou, «mitu., obmlmua || O/.i^l^icJa- 
ni* eiUI.. II M.rn menu, rtownii. 
il Bart-keaded, apire detects or aprrtu : 

10 laajEd iar* muJaro, aporire j ttarp-fac^ 
Impudmsjproeii. ^ tore/ansi /(Jto*, 

lmpud«pC^ : oi Impudi^ or dunim, or 
ffmrvm : £d laafta a bare-faetd nqnttt. 
bbpadoitcr allquld pootolara: bart-foatj 

BAjf&FACBD, („.. H.._ 
BAltE-FOOT. J ™* ""^ 
BARELY, lil »c na yli quid™ (itfK- 
Srif <a} fi jXiC) ; Tla mgrequc (;^aA£]ruf la/ 

o- BAJit/or 1 

U PffVtrry, paapertuBj ege«taa. 

BAROAIN, pacCuin: piclior w mail a 
bargain with anr bod<f, pBdld cum sli- 

allqaor HiihUc a good hargaiM (=pvr- 

4 tartan, ■ gratia adders ! hh (s i 

■dars iVIf, Dig.. !i 11 7. i 6) : U> I 
[Wrf toa^ ai a bargain, ad inom qi 

iha; DaTieuUi oaTlflolqn 
BAROEHAN, narfaularl 
BARK, JrAi riai of . 

are. || >.raaiaa »srl 
nvUiiiu, «rfctrrlrbgai: a 


I < »*rfc 

rtf tauaiur)! 

Ui _ iia a ia 

"hav-vorf of a Hale dag. JfAc^j^an»- 
UlKlr, lalnrR lauiai I» Ktangit, ant 
nsnlre ta ctallcr. ICCdrrlffa'! tfaad. 
»04. p. 131.) " HU bark it votk tAan hia 
MU," (ctmlj tUnldu) Tebemcntlui latnt 
qnim mordat (Pror, Cart, 5, *, T). 

BARLEy, hordtsm : of ialim, hotd» 
■cAna : Aarlor-frrtttl puui bordeacAiu i 
aJMdafhmi.,.-,^aYunioa couinu: 
w^ejf-otfra. gr aaum bordel: barUfmaal, 
twlna bordsna : biioa bordd : iariat 
lugar. ' dpliaiilcDiii : &ar[nr-irMk, pOitM 
(que Ht ex bordeo andarataad, Flin.. 3% 
ta,efl)i p(iaina>i<im(tffl'..JkL.9.3.1SS): 


BARM, ni,. 



>u^dnat fat UtK Upenu^ 'bunduni ocoU 

BAROMETER, -haronitmim; "ta- 
biu TDrricelUaaua : fijtula Trvrioelliana 

Bj^)^-bub; -tlberlMro. 
BARONEB^ -baronu soot; -bwo- 

BARONET, 'baniiieiiiu. 
BARONETAGE. • bannwtCl Domen iB 
BARONY, 'baraoatiu, oa. h. ; lo cr«- 


BARREL, leii 

ftwa lAi bamt or ca 
\\Ofag„n. '«jlop. 
indar, cyUlidruL 

BARBEL, v„ in doUuin Infiuide». 

BARREN, inrscundua (fa Ttfanea M 
procreativtpotDtrf aiaotaiitwii: ay j KH ed 
to fecuDdua) : aterflit (ta r^^rrfau » pra- 

itfiluiBii, gf'iJu atar: oapoaii la fertili^ 
aidli^rcfimalolUaoi^ofiiaam. Fid, 

"barren NEi^8, uorlllu' ((>n«Kl M 


BARBI'CADE, a'., obamiere (UntopOu' 
pauagt bf placing lUa^a ja a ran ) : 
aDpLUre («v raiting piiea or aoau aack 
Un^r): faileraepire (^a/nua): opeii- 
bu* at mualtiaiiihaa aapln. Fu. pi» 

BARRIER, cancatU : aepta, orrun: biis^ 

riaier, ad cauaaa et priratu M pubUcaa 
adira i aldngerc fOnun i corplt aiUjuii la 
fbro caae ; * wuf, ilafUriu^iarrteB-, 


rabula de foro ; rabula latratorqne : to be 
a barrister, cautas agere, actitare ; caiuas 
dicere in forp ; venari in foro : to employ 
a barriMa\ adoptoro libi patronum ; de- 
ferre catuam ad patronum: tke occupa- 
tion of abafriBtar, opera Ibrensis, causidi- 
catio ; advocatio ; patrociniiun : a barrU- 
ta*» fccy ^merces adTocad; honoraxium 

BARROW, II a vtkicU moved by 
the kandf ferculmn; vchiculum trusa- 
tHe. A moundj tumulua; grumns (tu- 
muIoB, like Sxftof, mtan» eitker a natural 
or artijicial elevation ; gramu«, only an 
artijietal eletfation, like Yvpui). || A kog, 
Terras castratns ; miuaus. 

BARTER, v^ INT»., mutare rca inter 
86 {general term) : mutare or permutare 
mercea : mutare or permutare aliouid : 
ViUk any body, res mutare cum tuiquo 
igeneral term) ; merces mutare cum ali- 
quo: do you wiek to barter t vtn' com- 
mutemus t tb^ commutare aliquld : one 
iking for anoiker, mutare aliquid aliquA 
re or (mottly) cum aliquA re ; permutare 
aliquld «liquA re. 

BARTER, $^ mutatio ; permutatio mer- 
cium : mutatio ementium (tke barter of 
persons making purckases in tkis way, 
Tac) : to purdkase by barter, res inter se 
mutare; emere (singula) non pecuniA sed 
compensatione mercium. To introduce 
traffui by barter, res inter se mutare insd* 

BASE, iHiberalis (unwokky qf a gen- 
tleman) : abjectus {despicable^ : turpis 
(skameful) : imprdbns (unprtTtcipled) : 
Tcadus (abominaole) : a base design, feo- 
dum consilium. i| Base-born, nnUo pa- 
tre natus ; incerto patre natus ; spurius ; 
nothus (v6dos, bom out of uwSlock : op- 
posed to justA uxore natus ; Icgitimus) : 
adulterine sanguine natus. i| Base coin, 
nummi or numi adulterini : to make base 
coin, pecunias vitiare (Eutrop., 9, M); 
monetam adulterinam exerrere (Ulp., 
J>ig^ 48, 13^ 6, § 1) ; numos adnlterinos 
percutere (Suet^ Ner^ 25). ^ Of base 
extraction, huznUi or ignobili, obscuro 
or tenui loco ortns ; humili fortun& or- 
tns : of tke basest extraction, InflnuB con- 
dMonis et fortune ; inf tmus ; sordido 
loco ortus ; infimi ordinis or g^cris ; in- 
fatuB sortis. 

BASE, basis; fundamentum. || Ped- 
estal, Btrlobfttes {arvkoKdrrii.) 11 Of a 
mountain^ radices mentis (notpM mon- 
tis). 11 A base voice, vox grarls or ima 
(t) ; sonus gravis : deep ^(«m, sonus gra- 
'vissimus : to sing a base, voce ImA cane- 
re (t) : a base-viol, * fides gravioris soni : 
a player on tke base-viol, * gravioris soni 
fidlcen : base notes, * not» voeis im». 

BASELY, iUiberaliter ; abjecte et sine 
dignitate ; turpiter ; turpiter et nequiter ; 
folde : to act basely Uncord any body, tur- 
piter in aliqti^n esse malevolum: Td 
ratker do any thing than act basely, exti- 
mesco, ne quid turoiter faciam. 

BASENESS, ilHberalitas ; animus ab- 
jectus ; Improbitas ; ignavia ; nequitia. 

BASHAW, satr&pes or satripa; prte- 
fectus ; purpuratuH. 

BASHFUL, pudcns £pudlcus ; vcre- 
cundus; pudibundus. |j^ Pudlcus a}»(2 
pudens denote an kabiniai feeling} pudi- 
Dundus, a temporary state, Dcd. Stn. in 


BASHFULLY, pudenter, verocunde; 

BASHFULNESS, pndor (general term, 
as a sense of konor, botk as a preventive 
feeling and as shame for having done any 
thing disgraceful) : pudicitia (natural 
shame, aversion to be eicposed to the gaze 
qf others, and its fruit, chaste sentiment ; 
bashfulness): rerecvoidleL (dread of doing 
anu thing Mot vill wtake us feel askamed 
h^ore those wAom we respect). 3s. pndor 
et verecundla ; nudicitia et pudor ; podor 
pudidtiaqne. Vld. Shaux. 

BASILISK, basiliacus. 

BASIN, pelvis : aqualis (for washing) : 
aqus manale (for the hands), Varr. : in 
later writer», aquiminale, aquiminarium. 
Pond.) : noaUuvium (tU a sacr\fiu,for the 
hands, Paul, Fest.) : labrum ; crater (for 
the reception of spring-water) : navale (for 
9hips). \\ Small pond, pladna, piadnu- 


la. (I Reservoir, castelluA, dividiculum 
(whence it was carried by fipes, Sui.). 
\\Cove, sinus (maris or mariOmus). 


BASK, apricarL 

BASKET, corbis (gmeral term, espe- 
cialhf a larger sort of basket, in htuband- 
ry, for coU^sting fruits: corbis messoria) : 
flscus (a widter-basket far holding^noney) : 
qualus or qualum (a cloMly-compacted 
wicker-bashet of a conical sh<q>e, tkrougk 
which oil and must were strained : it tuso 
served other purposes in husbandry) : qua- 
sillua (a lady's work-basket^ : csoustrum 
(xdvaoTpov or xavhs, a basket for bread, 
fruits, &c.) : cal&thos (xaXaOoi, « basket 
for wool or flowers, in the form of an open 
lily): sporta (a hand-basket made qf 
broom, rushes, or willow: served, accord- 
ing to Ascon., ad Cic., l, Verr., 8, p. 280, 
ed. SchMtz, also to hold money) : ponarium 
(hread-baAeC)'. scirpea (made of rushes) : 
a little basket, corbicula t corbula : flscel- 
la: fisccDus: quasiUus: sportula; spor- 
tella (in tkese sportulw tJu clients at tke 
sun^tuouM banquets of rich patrons re- 
ceived tkeir porttons). 

BASKET-MAKER, *corbium textor; 
*qui corbes ex vimlne iacit; *qui cor- 
bes virfiis contexit 

BASKET-WOMAN, gerula (post-Au- 

BASS, II in music [Vid. Ba».} || A 
mat of straw or ruskes, storea or 
storia; mntta. 

BASS-RELIEF (eculplure, tke figures 
ofwhick do not standout in tkeir fuU pro- 
portion), protj^n (opposed to ectypon, 
full reVuf, Plin., 35, IS, 43) : toreuma, 
&tis, n. (rdpcvfia), or pure Latin, coelatura, 
or coelatum opus. 

BASSOON, *gingrlna m^r. 

BASTARD, Oullo patre natus : iacerto 
patre natus : spurius (tke ojfspring of an 
unknown father and a prostitute : opposed 
to certus):,pellice ortus: nothus (ycitfoc, 
of a known faiker and a concubine : op- 
posed to justA uxore natus; legitimus, 
Spald., Quint,, 3, 6, 97) : adulterino san- 
guine natus (jioixiicds, wkere tkere is a vi- 
olation cf tke marriage contract, Plin^ 7, 
2, 2). 

BASTE, II (o beat soundly, verberi- 
bus cffidere; vcrberibus castigare; vcr- 
bcribus or tlngris implCre ; male mukare; 
vcrberibus subigcre or irrigare (comic) ; 
vcrberibus mulcare: witk a stick, alicui 
fustem impingcre : aliquem iuste coer- 
cere (ITor., for the purpose of keeping Him 
in order). || To baste or besprinkle, 
perfundere: consperffcre: rigare; irri- 
gare ; instUlare aliquid alicui red. || To 
sew sligktly, prsssuero (PUn., 12, 19, 

BASTINADO : to inJUet the bastinado 
on any body. aUcujus plantas vircis verbe- 
rare (Cic, Verr., 5, 43, 112) : there is no 
Latin substantive exactly correspondijig to 
" bastinado .>" ictus fuetis or fustium (Tac) 
is the nearest. 

BASTION, propugnaculnm (Jbulwark) ; 
castcllum (Caes., B. 6., L, 8, Hen.). 

BAT, II a winged an t ma 2, vcspertilio. 
\\A sort ofclub,c\a.ra; fastis. 

BATCH. IJJttnd. Of the same batch, 
ejusdem generis (of the same kind): ejus- 
dcm farin» (equeUly bad: after Pers., 5, 

BATE, TB., lessen, rainuere: immi- 
nuere: dcminuero aliouid, or aliquid de 
aliqu&re: extenuare: levare: eublevare: 
elevarc ; remittere aliquid or de aliquft re. 
[Stn. in Lessen.) To bate ones breath, 
spiritum retin^rc : animam coraprimcre. 
11 Lessen the price of any thing. Sec., 
detrahere aliquid de aliqu&re (c. g., de tota 
pecuni& quinquagesimam partem) : dedu- 
cere, detrahere aliquid de summA : de- 
ductionem, decessionem de pccuni& fa- 
cere: to bate 10 per cenL, ^remisdonem 
centesimarum denarum iaccre. Intr., 
II minui : se minnere : eUso minuere only ; 
imminui (to be lessened inwardly) : remit- 
ti, se remittere and remittere only (to 
leave off: of rain, cold, a fever, Ac) : le- 
vari : sublevari (to be lightened) i leniri, 
mitigari (to be softened). Anger abates, 
ira aefervescil. 

BATH, Wplace for bathing: bali- 


neurn or balneum, plural baline» or bal- 
nc8B, seldom (with'Cic nenerS balinea or 
balnea : the jHural is Msed when the bath- 
ing-place consists of severed rooms, and 
thertfore more particularly applies UypuhUe 
baths. The dtvisioni of the balinea were : 
oella frigidaria, or fri^arium, for cold 
bathing; cella tepidana, or tepfdarium, 
where the water was lukewarm; ceHa cal- 
daria, or caldarium, /or a warm bath ; sn- 
datoiium, or sudatio, or aasa, omm, n^ 
a sweating-room heated by sUam : balnea- 
ria, orum, n. (private bathing-places m 
gardens land villas, Cic, AtU, 13, 29, 2; 
Cic, Qftimt. Fr., 3, 1, 1, § 1) : tbermiB (tM^- 
n\/ieent public edifices erected by the emper- 
ors, in which were the balnen, fenexng- 
rooms, and waiki)^ : lavatio (a plaee for 
bathing : in later ttmes, lavacrum) : to heat 
the boM, balineum calefaoere : to take a 
bath, lavatum ire in balneas ; in balneum 
ire, ambulare : to take a cold botk, ad firi* 
gidam exire ; frigid& lavari : to take a va- 
por-bath, ad flammam sudare (Suet., Oa., 
82). \^Batking: lavatio; lotio; lotus; 
usus aouarum (as a means of health) : la- 
vatio mgida, calida; lavatio frigid», cali- 
da» aqu» : to get readv for the bath, bali- 
neo prafpararl \\A bath-keeper, balnea- 
tor ; balneatrix (Pefron^ Serv. Virg. /En^ 

BATHE, v., Ttu, lavare: abluere: ali- 
quem lavare ; aliquem dexnittere in bal- 
neum: in luk/esaarm water, aliquem ,im- 
mittere in tepidam. Impk.. to bbtke with 
tears, lacrimis lavare aliquid (e. g., a letter, 
tabellas, PlauL, Pseud.^, 1, 8: tke face, 
vultum, Ovid, Met., 9, 679). V. intb., to 
batke, or batke on^s se{^, lavari : lavare 
(seldim, if ever, used by Cic) : in a shower- 
botk : aquft perfundi o^id. AucL ad Her., 4, 
9 and 10) : tn a river, flumine coipus ab- 
luere : in cold water, fngid& lavari : to be 
bathed in tears, eflundi in lacrimas ; lacri- 
mis perfundi: batked in tears, Isicrimia 
perfusus : a batking-place, locus, quo ju- 
ventus lavandi et nntandi caus& venit 
(vid. Cic, CmL, 15^ 36) : a batkin^-dress, 
subligaculum ; sxibllgar : season for bath- 
ing, ^tempus aquarum usui commodum : 
hoiking utensils, balnearia or balneatoria 
instrumenta (Mardan., Dig., 33, 7, 17, $ 
2) : balocaria, ium, n. (AppuL, MtL, 3, p. 
134, 36) : bathing-tub, labrum or solium : 

BATING, prep., prastcr; excepto; ex- 
ceptis ; si exciplas : bating a few, all were 
taken alive, paucis ex bostium numero 
desideratis cuncti vivi capiebantur. 

BATOON, a trunckeon or marskaTt 
stetff, *scipio. insigne imperiL 

BATTALION, cohora : asmen (on the 
march): orbis (a circular battalion: the 
ancients were ignoraiU of our square bat- 
talions; with them agmen quadratum 
meoTit the whole army under one leader, 
formed into line of battle so as to resemble 
a porallelogram. Vid. Fabri, SalL, Jug., 
100, 1. Hen., Hirt., B. Q., 6, 8, eztr. 
Dissen., TibulL, 4, 4, 1, 100). 

BATTEN, TB. II Fatten, sa^nare: 
pinguem facere or redder»: opimare: 
wUh any thing, alere aliqu& re. || Fer- 
tilite, fecundnre; fecundum reddere: 
fecunditatcm dare alicui rei : uberare. 
lNTB.^n(ruescere ; sadnari. 

BATTER, v., TB., pulsare : verbcrare : 
perfundere ; elidere (to batter any bodies 
nead with a stone, alicujiis caput saxo) : 
diminuere (caput, cerebrum) : contnn- 
dere (^iquem ssxis) : batter down, disji- 
cere (arccm, inoenia, munidones): diru- 
ere or demoliri (tccta, muro?, urbcm, 
monumentum) ; e fundament disjicere ; 
funditus evertcre : battered, c^nfectus, 
perfractus; elisus; disjectus: battering- 
ram, machlna, qu& muros quatiunt or per- 
cutiunt ; aries : to bring the battering-ram 
against the waUs, ari6tem muro or muris 
admovSre : to skake the wall with the bat- 
tertng-ram, ariOte or arifitis pulsu murum 
quatcre : the battering-ram has made a 
breach in the waU, aries percussit murum. 

BATTERY, agger (the earth thrown up) : 
* tormcnta in agccre disposka (the guns 
belonging to the battery) : tooring a bat- 
tery against the walls, tormcnta muris ad- 
mov6re : to place a battery on the kiU, tor- 
mentaincouedisponere. ||.in electric 


batterpf *plila]annD Leidenaiitm com- 
plexiu. }ii Violent »trikin^. Vid-Aa- 

BATTLE, pugna (any oonJHcL, from a 
«ingle atmhmt to the bloodieM pitched bat- 
tle; like nax^) : adea (the ooi^fUet of (too 
contending armies drawn up in haole ar- 
ray) : praeHnm (the oecaewnal emcounter 
«f eeparate diviaione of the ormte*, as an 
engagement, action^ skirmish ; Uke ovptSo- 
Xt^y. Wearied by the length qf the battle, 
thof withdrew from the engagement, diu- 
tomitate pugn» defeaei proaQo exceMO- 
root: askarpbattUisfoiMght,fLt-prtsi\avan 
sen certemme : a battle more like the en- 
comnter of banditti than a miUtanf engage- 
mMt, pQgnft latrocinio magia qoam proB- 
lio nmillB : the battle was long and well 
contested, pugnatum est dlu atqne acriter : 
10 go into battle, in prcelinm ire ; in proe- 
limm or adem procBre ; in aciem or cer- 
tunen deaceodere: to lead an army to 
battle, exerdtom in adem ednoere : to 
bad to battle 100,000 foot, in adem centum 
miOia pedxtom producere : to offer battle, 
pixxlactia copiia pngnandi poteatatem la- 
oere : to join battk, proelium committere ; 
mannw conaerere : to renew the battle, 
pngnam noram infeegrare ; prosUum red- 
mtecrare or renovare : to win the battle, 
prcMio or paxnA aaperiorem diaoedere ; 
Tictorem proaoo exoedere : tolosethebat- 
A, pogni or pnsUo inferiorem diaoedere ; 
pitBUo yind or snpcrarL 

BATTLE AERAY, ades: to put the 
army in battle array, aciem inatmero {po- 
atioaUy, adem atmere) : eopiaa or exer- 
atom xnatniere : to put themsehes in bat- 
tle array, ordinatoa or instructos coiuis< 
tere : to stand in battle arrqsy, armatoa in 
ade etare ; adem instmctam liabdre ; in- 
atmctQa atare: to march in battle aarray, 
iaatnidoa ade proAdaci (F«r^^ Mn,, 11, 


lATTLE-AXE, Upemda (a» «za wft4 
tmoe dgei ). 

BATFI^e-CRY, cantos proeUum incho- 
auittm (lie.): barlcaa inai bnritoa or 
bardlma) ma (Ac boxOe^koia ot^tke old 
Qermans, Tac To raise the battU-erg, 
damorem attoDere. 

BATTLEDOOR, *pala loaorla; *pal- 

BATTE-FIELD, kxnu pugne: locna 
«bi Dognator, or pugnatom eat, or pug- 
Baaanm eat : to Aoooea battUJield, loctmi 
ad pognam ddigere. 

BATTLEMENT (cfa watt), pinna. 

BATTLE-PIECE, tabula in quA eat 
prodium; tabula picta proaiii; prcdium 
pictum. A beemtifkl battle-piece, pugna in 
taboIA TOvclare picta. || Field of bat- 
tle. Vid. BATTLB-rncrD. 

BAVIN, faada; faadculua (oa beirtg 
hound together, faada Ugnorum, stramen- 
torum) : manipulua ; £udculua manualia 
(as forming a ian4fut). \\ In war, cratea : 
faadculua ex Ttrgia eBlffatna. 

BAWBLES, crepimdia (jektldren's rat- 
ties): noga (trifles; trifling things or 
persons, Ctc) : gerras {come, and com- 
mon word for nngw) : tricaa (frwmipery, 
trifles, nonsense)', res parvs: res noinu- 
tm: res zdhiU: rea parri momenti. To 
be delighted with more, or such mere baw- 
bles, mens or tantia nugis delectarL 

BAWD, }liproeurer: leno: Ubidinis 
miniater. \li Procuress: lena: Ubidinis 

BAWDRY, Terbomm obacenitas, Cic 

BAWDY, imnrandus (Unclean, impure): 
fpnrcus iflithy, nasty ; disgu^ng to me 
«ye* or nose : figuratively, of moral impu- 
rkfi : obacenns (exciting disgust, horror, 
loathing, when seen or hard ; e. g., pictures, 
neeehes, Sce^ versus obscenissimi, Cic). 
Bawdy song, Teraoa obsceni; canticnm 
dMcennra. To sing a bawdy song, ob- 
aeena eaoere or cantare. To use bawdy 
language, rexhis obscenis uti ; obacena 
dicere; obaceno jocandi genere ntL 

BAWL, TodfiEn«ri ; clamorem edere 
or toQere: to baiol after any body, damare 
Of indamare aUqnem : elamore aUqnem 
baoiiQi ; damoribns aliquem conseetari ; 
lo bmelwkkmight and main, nuzimi vo- 
ce eUunare; flltum clamorem toUere, or 
ifa^lf clamitare : to baud in any bod^s 
tan, etonando aurea alici^lna fiuigare 


(I^^ 9, 90), or obtundere (TV., Heaut., 
% 3, 89), aurea allcujiu peradnare (Hor., 
Ep., 1, 1, 7). To bawl out againU any 
body, allatrare aliouem (properly and fig- 
uratiffely, espeeially of envums, cowardly 
railers at better men than themselves). 

BAWLER, clankator: proclamator: la- 
trator: buccinator. 

BAWLING, Todferatio; Todferatns; 
clamor; clamitatio. 

BAY, a4i-y badius; spadix (applied to a 

BAY, «..sinus (with or without mariti- 
mua or maris understood) : bay window, 
fenestra arcuata ; fencatra convexa (vwip- 
ed externally) : cava (internally. \\ Po- 
sition of a stag facing the hounds. 
To stand at bay, perhaps, * canes mor- 
dicuB prementea deibndere: "^canea in- 
vadentea or incuraantes defendere : * ad- 
▼ersus canea ae comibus defcndere : * ca- 
nibus iuTadendbua obvertero comua (^- 
er Plaut., Pseud., 4, 3, 5: nunc mi ob- 
Tortat comua). To bring to bay, ferum 
condstere cogere (t\^ Cos., B. O., 4, 5). 

BAY, baubari (derived from the natural 
sound of a dog) : latrare : latratns edere. 
Tr., allatrare aliquem (in- an envious, 
cowardly way, post-Augustan : of persons 

BAYONET, perhaps pngio : to fz the 
bayonet, *pugionem engere or sclopeto 

BAY-TREE, launis: bay-le^f, folium 
lauri ; folium laureum or laurinum : 
orowaed with bay, laureatus. 

BE, esse; exstare (to be extant): rtsr- 
sari: commorari (to be in a place) : to be 
of that age, eA esse satate : to be in owfs 
taalA veor, decimum annum agere: to 
be at home, domi au» esse : to be nM at 
home, esse foris : to be withanu body, cum 
allquo, apud aliquem esse : to be constant- 
ly with any body, assidue cum aliquo esse ; 
a latere amn^jus non dlscedere : to let any 
tking'be, aliquid permittero; aliquid Heri 
pad: aliquid mittere. or missum facere 
(to let any thing alone) : let them be, mitte 
h»c : let me be, mitte or omltte me: i( is 
sc, res ita est ; res ita se faabet: what is 
the matter t quid (qtddnam) est T quid ac- 
ciditf what is the meaning of this f quid 
hoc dbi rnltf what is it to you f quid tibi 
est t how are you f qnomodo voles? quo- 
modo te babes \ be it so, esto : in Latin 
the indicative is frequently used where we 
use the suijnnctive ; as, longnm eat, it 
would be tedious: difficile est, i( ioo«<d 
be difficult: had it not been for Horatius 
Cbe2o, nld Horatiua Codes fhisset H^e- 
ing=zto be, ease; In abUttive absolute 
before a noun it is untranslated: T^ucer 
being our leader, TencTodxice: youbehtg 
our helper, teadjutore or BdpirsJite, This 
being the ease, qua) qnum ita aint || As 
BKiNG, utpote, qnippe. Democritus, as 
being a learned man, thinks the sun of 
great site, aol Democrito magnus videtur, 
quippe bomini erudite: the people that 
could easUy be numbered, as being small, 
populua nimierabilia, utpotB parvua. HAa 
BsiNO ONE WHO, &c., qulppe qui, utpote 
qui, ut qui, with subjunctive. %'^ Be- 
ing or as being are sometimes quite 
omitted, and a simple apposition used ; e. 
g., *'the Qauls, as being (or being) a mili- 
tary nation,'* &e„ Galll, faomines bellicod, 
Ae. Obs., for phrases compounded with 
**to be,** as **to be near,** *' to be on the 
side of," Sec, vid. Neab. Side, &c. 

BE.\CH, Utua (the shore, as the line 
which srparates the land from the sea: ora, 
acta (the space and tract of land that 
borders on the sea, as the eoast): f^acta 
(Cic.) is a word of Qreek extraction, de- 
noting the coast as beautiful and attract- 
ive. Tacitus (Hist., 3, 76) expresses it by 
the circumlocution ama»na litorum. 

BEACON, specula (watch-tower) : ignium 
significado (a beacon as lighted to eonv^ 
intelligence) : pharus (<^ipoi, light-house. 
Suet., CaUg., 46 : turns, ex quA. -at ex 
Pharo. noctibuB ad regendoa navium cur- 
«us ignea cmicarent). To light a beacon, 
ignibus facere signMcadonem (to tight 
signal-fires). Beacon-lights, ignia e apec- 
nlA sublatus, Cic : preennnciadvi inies 

BEAD, globuhis; sphcBmla; margarita 


(pearT), || Rosary : * sphsmlas preeato- 
nee ; * ^oboli quibus apud Cathohcos nu- 
merantur preces. * To tell on^s beads, 
preces ad certum globulorum numcrum 

BEADLE, accensus : *accensu8 aca- 
demicQS (at universities). || In a churchy 
ndituus (door-keeper of a tanpU; sexton). 

BEAGLE, canis vestigator. 

BEAiC, rostrum (eUso of a ship) ; ros- 
tellum (diminutive): to attack aoca other 
with their beaks, Toetnxm conserererostro: 
beaked, rostratus ; adtmcua. 

BEAKER, poculum; calix (ir^Xi^, a 
beaker of day, glass, or metal, wth one or 
mare spouts. Vid. Juv., 5, 47, calix qua- 
tuor nasorum) : scyphus : canth&rus. 
Srs. in Cup. 

BEAM, tignum ; trabs. ftrabs, a longer 
and narrower beam; tignum, a shorter 
and thicker one. A n^ consists of trabeSf 
not of tigna ; whereas the wood-work of a 
building, which, as a pillar, is destined to 
support something, is composed qf dgna, 
not of trabM, by which the cross-b^mt 
only are denoted, DOd.] Paor., to see 
motes in the eyes of others, and not to see 
beams in on^s own, magis in aliis cemere, 
quam in nobismet ipsis, si quid delinqui- 
tur (Cic, Off., 1, 41, 146) : vidfire nostra 
mala non possumus ; alii simul delin- 
quunt, censores sumus (Phaedr., 4, 10, 5) ; 
aliorum vitia in ocniis habemus, a tergo 
nostra (Sen., De Ird, 2, 28, 6); papulaa 
obserras aUeoas, ipse obsltus plurimis 
ulceribua (Sen., De Vit. BeaL, 27, 4); 
quum tua pervideas ocuUs mala lippna 
inunctia, cur in amicorum vidia tam cer- 
nis acutum, quam aut aquila aut serpens 
Epidauriust (Hor., Sat., 1, 3, 2S, sag.) 
II Say of light, radius. \\0f a baU 
ance, scecpoB (Vitr.) ; jugum. 

BEAM, v., radios randere : fiilgere (Jboth 
of light and of illuminated objects) : radl- 
are (^Co emit beams:** in ike sense of 
**^lUter** it does not belong to sober prose) : 
with any thing, radiare aliquA re : a ray 
of hope beams upon me, apes aUqua mibi 
i^Ul^t, or oatenditur: to beam with sil- 
ver ligikt, radiare lumine argcnd (Ovid, 
Met., 2, 4). 

BEAN, faba (the common bean, *vida 
tsbti,Linn.: a aiM^ fteai», fiabttlus, fiibula) : 
a kidney-bean, phasdlus or phaseSlua 
(* pbasedlns vulsaris, lann.) : of or belong- 
ing to beans, fabaceus or fabadus ; ftba- 
riuB : of beans, fabalis ; fabaglnua : bean 
Oalks, l^tbahn, ium. «. 

BEAR, urMMf una (of or bOonging to 
bears, urainus) : ursa; arctoa (the constel- 
lation) : the Great Bear, Ursa Major; He- 
lice : the Lesser Bear, Ursa Minor ; parvula 
Cynosflra (vid. (He, Acad., % 90, §6): the 
bears conjointly, Septentriones (hence in 
Vkruvius the Great Bear is Septentrio Ma- 
jor ; the less, Septentrio Minor). || Bear's- 
foot, acanthus <a plant) : beafs-grease, 
adeps urainus: bear-warden, urd magis- 
ter (Lie., 37, 41). Fio. (= rough, «»- 

olished), incutens: agrestis («niRanfMr> 
/) : ferns : immansuetus (wHd, not tamed). 
N., ferus agrestisqiie : asper (rough). 

BEAR, austinfire (to hold up so as to 
keep from shaking or falling) : ferro (to 
bear as a burden) : bajulare (to carry a 
load, as a porter) : portare (to trajuport 
from one place to another, whether for 
oni^s self or for others) : gerere. geetare 
(in a general sense, as vestem : annulum) : 
indatnm eaae aliquA re ; indOi aliquA re ; 
amictum ease aliquA re. togA. pollio, &C., 
omatum eaae aliquA re (to bear as a badge; 
e. g., a gold chain, aureo torque ; shield 
and spear, acuto teloque) ; einctum or 
aucdnctum esse diquA re (to be girded 
with: gladio): to be borne through the city 
in a palanquin, lecdcA ferri, portari. gee- 
tari, vehi ner urbem : to bear to the grave, 
iimere efierre, efiferre : bear arms against 
one, arma fierre contra aliquem: to bear 
one upon the shoulders, biynlare aliquem : 
the ice bears, *aqua sads congladata est 
II Carry away, ferre, auferre, abducere, 
rapere: of a victory, Sui., deportare, 
reportare, oonsequi, adipisd : bearthebeO, 
paJmam ferre. \\ Bring, afferre, addn- 
cere, advehere ; referre, deferre. If 7b 
bear sway, domlnarl, regnare, impenmn 
exercdre : to bear affeethn to one, emara 




dlqaean: hear one md-toSU^ animo 
in aUqnem benevolo, alicnl fiivftre : hocar 
one eon^mny, comitari ; deducere : / bear 
tke name o/ Alexander^ est mlhi nomen 
Alexandro (or Alexander, rarefy Alenan- 
dri) : bear one hatred, odine wHqnem, in- 
fmwum esse alicoi : bear wUneeSt testimo- 
nium dicere, testimonium peii^bdre : 
bear in mind^ memoriA hftb^^ tenure. 
H Bear up, eupport^ snstinfire, siisten- 
tare. |i Endure, tolerare, sustindre, pa- 
ti, perpeti, perferre : able to bear bungler 
tmd cold, inedin et alcoria padens: km- 
able to bear, impatiens (with g^enithe) : to 
be able to bear neither cold nor heat, ne- 
one Mgora, neque estus fecile tolerure. 
lH Suffer, undergo, pad, affectum esse 
aliquA re, premi aliquA re. ^Suffer, 
alloU), pati, sinere, ferre : I will not bear 
it at aU, non feram, non jpatiar, oon sinam 
(in connection, Oic, cSa^ 1, 5, 10): the 
thing wHl not bear ddaeif, res dilationem 
non patitur, res differri non potest linear 
u/ith ; OS, you muet bear vwk vour father, 
mos gerendus est patri : afnend'e vieee, 
peccatis amici indulgdre : necessity, dare 
neoessitati Teniam : to bear with on^s sor- 
row, dolori parcere: we must bee^ with 
one another' 8 faults, nobis inter nos nostra 
▼itJa toleranda. || Produce, yield, ft»:- 
re; afferre(af«ree«); efierrB(<(/*(ilie«oi2): 
to ftaw-yho^ ierre fruges, afienre fmctom : 
to bear, ▼. n., feme firuges (also merely §er- 
re), anerre fmctum (efferre, espedaUy of 
the field) : the tree bears, arbor fert ; not 
every year, arbor non continais annis 
fiructum affert: the field bears ten-fUd, 
a^r effort or efllcit cum decimo. \\Give 
btrth to, parfire. en!ti, (with dfort and 
ptdn) : to bear children to one, IJberos ex 
aliquo par6re, eniti: of a place, patri- 
am ease aUcn^jus, ferre aliquem. H To 
bear a part in a thing, partem alicvjus 
rei snstindre, alicui rei interesse. Il Be 
answerable for: to bear the risk, perl- 
culum in se rec^re, rem aliqnam sui 
pericuU facere : the loss, praestere dam- 
num : the changes, sumtus tolcrare, sup- 
peditare. || 7b bear, behave, JUmsc(/; 
se gerere; a^re, &cere: as any one, pro 
aliquo se gerere; tn a thing, in re: io 
bear ontfs se{f as a friend, amice agere : 
prudently, prudenter se gerere : to bear 
hisueif worthy of his ancestors, diimum 
•e prnbire maioribus. || To bear through, 
carry out, ad finem perdueere; absol- 
Tere. II To bear off, avertere, defendere. 
U 7b bear down, prostemere. proturbare; 
Jguratiotfy, d^rimere, frangere, oppri- 
mere, obruera : bear back, repellere, pro- 
pulsare : bear on, promovfire, impellere. 
J Bear up against, ohniti ; resistere. |i To 
hear out, secnrum pmstare ; cnlpam aU- 
otOua rei demovdre ab aliquo, aliquem 
defendere de aliquA re. || 7*o brinr to 
bear, ad effectnm adducere. || 7b iftMr, 
tend, tendere, cursum dirigere. H To 
bear upon, premere, urg£re, inoumbere, 
inniti || 7b bear out, stand out, jut 
sut, prominSre, procurrere. || To bear 
up against misfortunes, *malis non 
cedere: constantem ease in mails: do 
not succumb to mi^ortumes, but bear up 
against them mai^fkUy, tu ne cede mails, 
sed contra audentior ito (Hor.). || To 
bear off, vela dirigere ad aUquem lo- 
cum : navem or cursum dirigere aUqno : 
he bore off fbr the port to wieh he was 
bound, cursum direxit, quo tendebat 
y To bear away the prize, palmam re- 
tearre. \\ To bear witness,testeimeaae', 
testimonium dlcere; pro testimonio di- 
cere ; tastari; tertiiScari: to bear faiss 
witness, fidsum testimonium dicere or 
prob^ : the very words bear witness to 
the fact, ejus rei ipsa verba testimonio 
sunt U To bear company, esse cum 
aliquo; aliquem comitari; alicui comi- 
tem se addere. or ac^ungere: those that 
art like each other, bear each other compa^ 
ny; or, birds qf a feather Jlock together, 
pares cum paribus, veteriproverbio, faai- 
fime consregantur (Ore., Cat. Ma^., 3, in.). 
BEARD, s., barba (applied to man, ani- 
wtals, and inanimate things): lanOffO; 
barba prima ; barba incipiens (the first 
beard ; lanugo also appliee to the down qf 
females): aruncus (bear^ of « goat): 
hum (heard of an oyeter) : a Uttk beard, 


barbula: • good or long beard, bexbuUm- 

Epromissa, maana : a rugged or gridu 
cr«(, barba horrida. hirsuta : aredoeard, 
barba aeoea: a rMU»ear<i«{ mo», aenobar- 
bus; quibarbam aeneam habet: having 
a betard, barbatus : having an ^toloxyfor 
a beard, or just enough to swear by, biiba- 
t&lus : having a nice little beard, qui bar- 
bulA ^[doctatur : having a strong beard, 
bene barbatus : to coast « beard, barbam 
alere : to let a beard grow, barbam pro- 
mittere : to dkave qff the beard, radere or 
abradere barbam alicujus (with a rotor, 
novaculA) r to trim the beard, tond«re aU- 
dgus barbam (with scissors, forfex: to 
trim and shave the beard, modo tond6ra. 
modo radere barbam. |17%e beard of 
com, or prickles, arista». 

BE AKI), «., to IoIk by (&e 6«ard, barbam 
aUeui vellere. ||Fio., confidenter alioui 
resistere: confidenter resistentem re- 
•ponddre, contumaoem esse in aUquem. 

BEARDLESS, imberbis; glaber (oim 
who has a bare chin; Sen., Ep., 47, 5, o/ a 

BEARER, ^ons who beare, gerulus 
(in a general senee, poet-Augustan) : bar. 
julus (a porter, or carrier) : the bearer of 
any thing, portans or gestans aliquid; 
gestator alfoqjus rei (post- Augustan, 
FUn., Ep., 9, 33, 8). i| Of news, nundus. 
||0/ letters, tabellarins. HO/a corpse, 
lecticarius (bearer of a lectica or. lecticula, 
which served as a bier for the rich) : ves- 
pillo : sandnpQarius (bearer of a sandapOa, 
the bier of the poor. All «Iras late, but 
probably only from accident). 

BEARING, in a general sense, prar- 
tatio (froasporttn^ from one place to a»* 
other's: gestatio (in the arms or on the 
shouldere) : vectio (conveyance in some 
eort of carriage by means of quadrupede, 
Cic, N. D., % eO) : vectatio (on horse- 
back). llJftsn and gesture, gestus; 
gestus motusque : to have the bearing qf 
^leamsdman, *viridoctispeoiem prase 
ferre. JUSituation of a place, situs. 
]\ Reference to any thing, ratio: to 
have a bearing «tpcrn am/ tMng, pertinA- 
re, rererri ad aliquid ; anqnid respicera : 
that hoe no bearing on He $e»iijeet, aBe- 
num re or a re. 

BEAST, bellua : besda : poeus (oppos- 
ed to man ; bellua and pecus, wUh intel- 
lectual reference, as devoid of reason; 
bestia and fera, with moral reference, as 
wild,andhoetiletowtaint belluadenoc«s,|NVw 
ticularly, agreat unwiddy animal,astheelo- 
phant, whale, tea monstets ; pvcas, a domes- 
tic animal, particularly the bus intdligent, 
ae a bullock, ehesp,ovposed to the wHd; bea» 
tia, a destructive ammal, particularly those 
that are ravenoue, ae the tiger, wov, &o, ; 
fan, a wild animal of the wood, ae the stag, 
wotf, &c opposed to domestic animate, i>B- 
der.): a2to!e6ea«c,bestidla; animalonlum: 
like a beast, belluarum more ; peciidum 
ritn: a beaetqf burden, iwaaeatoja: to live 
like a beast, beluinis voluptadbus se dede- 
re : the Itfe of a beast, vita spureiaaima : 
tA«6eaa(-iiiarMt,* forum pecnarium: atax 
on beasts, *tribntum in pecus impositum. 

a A beaet, (rio.), homo spurcns, immun- 
us: bellua (stupid eatmal^, beatia: or 
by adjective, fenis. immanls (soin^s) : 
spurcus (or spurdssinras) : immondus 
(filthy, font). t^^BeUuinusorbeluinus 

BEASTLINESS, spurcities. 

BEASTLY, radonis expers ; beHuinus. 
WMetaph., immundtts; obscenus; spur- 
cus. ]| Beastly language, Bparciloquium. 

BEAT, v., pulsare aliquid (fores, osti- 
um). 7b beat the forAead, ferire fron- 
tem : to beat the wall, ferire paridtem : 
the wavee beat againM the ehore with the 
greatest noise, fluctna se ilUdunt maximo 
cum aono in litus. || 7b (sot on soma- 
thing with something, pulsare aliquid all- 
qu&re: ^vt(4oioie>tce;pereutere aliquid 
aliquA re : if to produce a eound, concre> 
pare aUqud re ad aliquid ; e. g^ with the 
sword on a shidd, glaaio ad scutum : to 
beat or strike the hmtd violently against a 
stone, caplte gravitsr ofienao impingi 
saxo: against the door, capite ilUdi or 
impingi foribus : ifvoluntarify, caput llli- 
dere or impingera alicui rei : to beat to 
pieces, perningere aliquid. i|7A« rat» 


beats against ontfs faes, imber in os fer- 
tur : to beat with a stick, aliquem or aU- 
quid petere baculo : thepulee beate, ream 
micant : the heart beats, cor palpitat : if 
violeialy, oor salit: to beat the cywtbals, 
CTmbalissare (Cass. Hem,, apud Non., 90, 
So) ; »ra concsepare (Petron.^ 22, aztr.) : 
the drum, tympanizare ; ^mpanum pul- 
sare : the lure, pulsare chordaa lyraa (t). 
7b beat witkfisu, aliouem pu^pis caedere ; 
aliquem coUpfais pulsare : wtth a club, al- 
iquem fttsti verberara ; fn^ fai aliquem 
animadverteraj aliquem verberibus cas- 
dere, or in aliquem verberibus animad- 
vertere : to beat soundfy, aliquem csdera 
virgis acerrime : if with the fist and on 
the face, alicujus os manu puJMre ; puff- 
num alicui impingere in oe: if with cSi 
fiat of the hand on the cheek, alicui alapam 
dncere : to beat to death, aliquem verberi- 
bus neoare ; aliouem usque ad mortem 
mulcare : to be oeaten, vapulare : if as a 
punishment, tergo plectL 7b beat any 
body black and blue, plngere aliquem pig- 
mentis ulnieis ; variare aliquem virgis et 
loris ; alicujus oorium maculosum facera 
(all Plant.). \\To beat or conquer, 
vincere; superere: to beat tke enemy com- 
vletefy, hostem fimdere fugareque : to 
beat to the ground, aliquem ad tnram 
dare or affli^ere ; aliouem affligere solo ; 
aliquem affligere et ad terram &re. || 7*o 
beat about the bush (no.), sdscUari, 
perscrutari aliquid ex aliquo. [| 7*0 beat 
down, stemere, prostemere, opprimere. 
II 7*0 beat in, adlgere alicui rei or in «li- 
quid (e. g., cuneum arbori, or davnm in 
tignum). |i 7*0 beat into, verberibus 
inculcare. || To beat out, expdlere, 
propellere extra (e. g., extra portam); 
ejioora, extrudere, or prolrudere fbru, 
loco or ex loco ; exmrWe : to beat out 
or thraeh, e spiels grana excutere, or di»- 
cutere, or exterere ; frumentum detere- 
re ; messem perticis flagellare ; splcaa 
baculis excutere; spicas fustibus tun- 
dera or cudore; firomentam pulaibus 
Mbularam deterere -, znessem tribuUs 
exterere : if cattle are enmloyed, e spicis 
ffraaa excutere jumentLa junctis et trtbn- 
lo ; spicas exterere pecumbus, or Jumen- 
tormn ungnlis ; spicas exterere grege ju- 
mentorum inacto : if horses are emphf- 
ed, messem exterere equorum greesibus. 
rVid. Thkash.] II 7*0 beat up (with a 
ladle or ^toon), rudioulA peragitare ; m- 
dicul4 or rudiculis miacire : to b^ up 
for soldiers, mercede conducere militea. 
BEATEN, Terberatns, dec.: when ap. 

Sued to a path, via trita; iter oommo* 

BEATER, s., II tnstrtt«<i»t /or beat' 
ing, fisttica; pavioula; tudes; tudicu- 
la; pistfllum. \\A per eon who beats, 
qui verberat; Sec. 

BEATIFIC, ae^., beatns ; beatnm red* 

BEATIFICATION, *in piomm nume- 
rum ascriptio or relatia 

BEATIFY, beatum reddere; beare; 
aliquem beatum pmdicare ; * aliquem in 
piorum numemm ascribere or referre : 
to be beati/Ud, piorum sedem et locum 

BEATITUDE, summa felicitas : HS^ 
beatitas and beatiludo are ussd byCic, 
but only in the strict philosophic style (N. 
D., 1, 34, 95). II Wkk r^ence to a fu- 
ture world, inunortalia vitaa sensus jn- 

BEAU, homo elegana, or elegantior 
(one who ie recherche in drees, &c) : bel- 
lua homunculus (a neat, dapper little fel- 
low) : juvenia barb& et com& nitidua ; de 
capauli totus (Just as if he came out qfa 
bandbox), Sen., Ep., 115, 2: trosaulua 
(originaUy meant eques Romanus ; to- 
ward <ibe end of the republic it wae used 
as a nickname for a petit ntattre. Vid. 
Ruhnk., Sen., Ep.,. 76, 1). 

BEAVER, \\the animal, castor; 
fiber : of beaver, castorSus ; fibrinus : skin 
o/(A«b0iirer,pelUafibrtna. \\Beaver-hat, 
* capitis tegimen (or tegumentum) e fibri- 
nis pilia contextum. || A part «/ the 
helmet that covere the face, *oe ga> 
lew; buceula. 

BEAUTIFUL, formosus:.pulcher; vo- 
nustos (formosus means beamty as far an 


Mmeitm flammn mud ddigki fty Jtwoimi 
«(fjorm f pokher, «• fmr at k tm^m At 
urn» km its ptiftetium ; Teoostna, mt far 
m bff M» ekmrwu M cretutf 4min mtd eap' 
riwam? Tolta pulchro nuigii qoam tb- 
BHto, «f • coM^ JbMfffnn mH tff htmitp, 
kfwkieknooiufiUmarmeUdtDOd,): hptM- 
I0i< I» Mb0j^ &cie pakkri, or formoai, 
or egrwk ; tptie Teaostft ; formi pa^ 
cfarA.esmi4: to writ» a t wry w A«U, 
lepidi manu litorM fwere: lo wHu a 
htai ui fid ttifUt deganter, or Teoaite. or 
beOe, «r prackra, «r omale actibeiv. 

BEAUTIFULLY, piUchre ; veniute ; 
bcOe ; degmnter ; egregie ; eximie : to 
tpeak ho outif tdlf^ eleganter, or Tanoite, 
ir bdle, or bene, or ornate dioere. 

BEAUTIFY, ezeolere (e. g^ 0« d(y, 
«rtMBB): CO 6c«K^ 6y toor^ aUquid Ter- 
bio «iomare, or artdkmm exornare: lo 
hmMtjfy or hedecky ■pectem addera. 

BEAUTY, pwlchrimdo (m o gmtr^U 
ttu$t, wkotavor, w/itthor MmieruU or t'rfoa?, 
txeitm mdmiraUon) : opedea («Aotoocr 
wleata» tJu «f) : fiorma (pkatoctr daligkU 

^iyiif«Mt lo tkmgw. or pertotUf oratkuiia, 
TCf bon un) : Teuutaa et pakhritndo cor* 
porta : omflwritaa (tmlied to ptaeo»t oh- 
JtettySLc): 6oaii<ietqf«Qflc,dic«ndi rene- 
rea : ifartiiauU, lenodnia, omm {QwbU^ 
6, Fr^^ 96) : «&« u a perfect beouty, mo- 
Mar eat ooooibiia aimakcria emendatior 
(PccroKn iS6, 13) ; *pakhritiidiiie, or for- 

^or^voukatein^lgiUaet: m ienee of 
Iwamtf, ekgantk (aensila pakhri, or piu- 
w not Lotim): to po ewme mm 
" iaaaiy, eaae excult» cu* 

BiiX^ALM, V. «. To becalm the mind, 
■lq(»em, or alkajna aidmaiii pkcare, 
miD^re, knira or deknire, pennuMre ; 
ai ki ^tta iram knire, iiMrfllre, aedare; 
whitiidipein, pkbem reprimere ; aedi- 
tiaoem knire, or aedare ; dokrem initi- 
nre. JUTke •<«, flnetoa eompcmere. 
Mermlmtd ot OM, Tentia deatitotna. 

BECAUSE, qok (Iri, ^^beeomee," hUro. 

m of memfpoeed ground held bv onotker 
oeeppooedto one pereeioed mni Mdtobe 
tbe true one bf our eelvee: withnibjunc- 
CMC, it ffien etmtee an apparent ground, 
teeoiMMCMoi» with qok wkiek inlrodmcee 
the real one. Hence quod to fomnd with 
the enbimneeioe otore freoutnlbf tkmn qok, 
np e cialb i of poet time. Qood n^cr* aiortf 
to the wand if tke epeoker or pereon refer- 
nd to ; quia Co tke thing iteelf) : oaom 
(n^wunea), qoando, ouaiidoqaldein 
{priperif **wkeny" are oftensz^ einee,'* 

ae:" ae aiqoidem aleo if). ^^Tke 
damee ia made mare empkauc bif an ideo 
iriddroo m lAo ocAor okiioc : ideo— qaod 
or qok («of qoonkm) : ideirco— qood 
or qoonkm (leee co mm onljf qok). The 
donee wkk qaod, qi^wtay precede. Prop- 
tarae qood or qida (doee together) : ooi, 
qoippe qoi (witA eubjundioe ,* e. ff., when 
we went to bed^ Ifdl into a eownier eteep 
than nonal^ beeanee I had oM up late, ot 
eobiCom dkceaaimoa, me, qoi aa moitam 
•oetem rigikaiem, artior, qoam aoleb^ 
aoonma ampkxoa eat : the orirhtneee of 
the eun ie greater than that cffre, beeanee 
UgioeoUgkt to the immenoe world far omd 
wtde^ aouo candor illoatrior qoam oUoa 
ignia, qo^ype qoi immenao mondo tarn 
hmgo kteqoe coDnoeat). A»aMC«Bi«« ** be- 
eanee" ie rendered fty an tdtUnive aboo- 
beu: Ike anaau Romano wUked for mon- 

•rtkf, beeamoe thaif had not pet emrieneed 
cio eweetmtm of Ubertp, Bomanl reCerea 

re^aart Tokfaant, libertatk dokedine noo- 
damezpertd. Qomtiimm ^becauee^ ie 
rendered bf a p m tie ip le : he could take no 
r^rt m lAo nor, ftooenoe he wae preoenled 
•y Wneee, morbo impediCaa beUo inteieo- 
aa nan potnit. Dionyeiue abemfe burned 
hie beard, beeamoe he dmret not truot hie 
Aiod to a barber, IMooyalQa coltroa ton- 
•oriof metoena candentt carlxme aibi ado- 
x^at eapiSam. I eaei not, beeauoe I am 
mgagei, per negotk mihl non Uoet 
10/ a preventive cauee, pm: fo be 
eevcetf heaed, beeaetm of the noiee, pre 
ttapito Tix andirL H Becauee of («o a 


jw t poi k i a n ) is generaUp rendered bf prop- 
t^r or ob : aloo ergo (on occoimw of, fit- 
hw ing agenkioe governed 6y it). 

BECK, 0., nutna : with the eifee, notoa 
ocolorom : with the finger, notoa diciti : 
to be at omjf bodffe bock, ad notnm aUco- 
joa paratom, or prsato eaae : co«p«ceAc*« 
leaot beck, alict^ notum diligeoter into- 
eri : lo oec oC a pereon* e beck, ad notom 
cojoa aliqoid fiioere ; noto, qood Tokt al- 
iquia, couOeere : iteoot»m£butabedt,amd 
it ie nUne, noto aUquid ab aliqoo conaeqoi 
poaaom: U would coet me but Aedighteat 
oedt, m. innoiaaem modo, hoc kcik perfid 
poaaet: Co ^'ioa a jir»oaCe6ocfc,fortim noto 
aignom dare. 

BECKON, 9., ianoere ; annoere (Co on- 
ower **3fM^ 6y beckoning)', abnoere, re- 
noere (,to anower '*iio" by beckoning): 
aigna dare noto (fo gioe oigne by bockon- 
ing, Ooid, Foot., 1, 418) : to beckon with 
tke finger, innoere digito : with the head, 
oapite notare : «9^ die euee, nictare, aig- 
na dare noto ocoliaqoe (Ovid) : Co oeo*- 
OM «ijffnce, mano poaoere aikntiom ; noto 
Jobdre aikntiom fieri (Cic, De Die., 1, S8, 
50) : to beckon a pereon to one, *noto aU- 
qoem ad ae Tocare. 

BECOAIE, v., fieri: evadere <co tuhi 
out) : Cicero be ca ot e coneul, Cicero con- 
aol kctaa eat : Co becoate a perfect orator, 
perfisctom oratorem evadere : to beoonte 
euretu, apooaorem fieri rao aUqoo ; what 
will become of you r qoiddetefiett what 
'WHI beeome qf himf qoid iUo fletT qoid 
te folomim oenaea t (Oea., m tkie con- 
etruction the ablative with, or, more com- 
wtonly, without, de ie need, or the dative, 
Zumpi) To beeome a beggar, ad mendi- 
citatem redigi : from a higgmr to becoate 
a rich MMv ex mendieo fieri diritem. 
The ir^Mtive termination eoeero indi- 
eatee, in Latin, an incipient etale : to be- 
eome warm, cakacere : Co freeoaio rich, di- 
toacere. H To beeome or befit, dee4re, 
with aoeueative of the pereon «albom any 
thing becomee: it beemnee, nooom eat, 
par eal; with Ae infitnitive «^ter it ; oopve- 
nit, wUh the acoueative and infinitive ^ft- 
er: it ie not becom in g, non deoet: it ie 
notat aU becoming, mintme deoet ; both 
with aoeueative and i^/biitive f e. a., it 
doee not at all become on orator Co oa <» 
a rage, or ator em iraaoi minfme decet. 
"* Become^ ie freqetently tranelated fry eat 
io<t&a^eiiictoe«iikii«tdMioca»a9««^; ae, 
k beoomee a young mam, eat jovenk ; but 
if the object u a peroonal pronoun, the poe- 
eeeeive pronoun ia uaed ; e. g., tfc beeomae 
you, toom eat, ** 7^ become' ie aleo ren- 
dered by aptom, aoeommodatom eoie aU- 
coi : Co Mooaw a peraon well, honeatare 
aliqoem ; convenire aUcoi ; dignom eaae 
aliqoo : iioc to becoau a peraon well, dede- 
cire or indecAre aliqoem; indeconmi, 
dedecori, torpe eaae alicoi ; indignom 
eaae aUqoo : Co do thinge that ill beame a 
aoldier, *rei militark dedecoa admittere : 
he thinhe that theee Ainga become not hie 
dignity, *haao dignitatw aoA kviora dop 
eit : thie dreae betMnee her well, heac TeaCk 
aatk decet eam (Plant., MoaL, 1, Z, \0) : 
aiodcaCy becoatea youth, podor joTenikm 
omat statem. 

BECOMING, aptoa; accommodatoa ; 
conveniena ; conaentaneoa : Co be ftacoai- 
<iV, aptom oonaentaneomqoe eaae ; oon- 

BECOMINGLY, apte; accommodate; 
oonrenknter; decdre; honeate; elegan- 
ter; ot deoet: Co act becomingly, com 
dignitatB agere; honeate ae gerere; de- 
coromaeaid; aerrare, tenftre, coatodire : 
Co dance leeomingly, ekganter or com- 
mode aaltare : Co epeak becomingly, beUe 
et feative dicere. 

BECOBONGNESS, qood decet aU- 
qoem; deoentia, dec(Mrom: Co atiu^f be- 
coaUngneee, in aUqoA re qoid deoeat con- 
aiderare, or ridbre : Co have a a enm ofbe- 
eomingnaea, qoid deceat aentire. 

BED, kotoa; kctoloa (eitherto eleq> in 
or real on) : kctoa eohknkrk ; cobDe (a 
bed to aleep in f toroa to aeldom need ex- 
cept in poetry) : srabftt^a (a low eoueh to 
reat on, either for invalida or atudente, 
OKtitwevf): kotlcok locobratork (o coimA 
OS ioJUe4 the andente reated by day, in or- 
der to medHau and atudy): kctoa gmlaUa 


(tik mmriag e bed) : apcmdn (a bedalead\ : 
atrata or atragok, alio wiA cobkokria, 
noun plural underetood (aU the parte be- 
longing to a couch or bed) : alveoa (the 
bed of a rivet) -. to mahe the bed, lectom 
atemere : to go to bed, ad kctom trana- 
gredi (Suet., Oct, 76) ; cobltom ire or die- 
cedere ; dormf torn ae conferre ; qoleti 
ae t r adi ur e : to get out of bed, aoi^;ere, 
wiA or without cobito, or e lectolo : lo 
put to bed, eoUooare aliqoem in cubili : 
to ka^ onda bed, in lecto eaae ; lecte ta- 
neri ; lecto aiBxom eaae (t). / can not 
get out of bed for tke life of me, prun mm 
e kctok aorgere neooeo : to be etparattd 
from bed and boara, cobiliboa macemi 
(Tac, HiaL, &,6,ft). todieonthebedef 
honor, in ade cadere ; egregift morte do- 
fongL Paov., £ariy to bed and early to 
riae. Sec, mane qood to oeoeperia ne- 
gotiom, id totom prooedit diem (Plaut, : 
eomutiatee Aorora Moak arnica). || To 
be brought to bed, porftre ; partum 
edere : to be brought to bed of a aon, fiU- 
omparire. ||B<a-eAainfr<r, cobicolom 
dormitoriom, or only dormitortom (Plin., 
30, 6, 17): cobloulom nocfk et aomnl 
(PUn., Ep., 8, 17, 23) : 20th6ea ; rocheco- 
k (a UttU cabinet to alam in, Plin., Ep^ % 
17, 21 ; S^ 6, 38) : <A« beeLrooma (aa a part 
qf the kouee), dormitoriom membrom 
(Plin.). JUBed-clothee, oper toriom ko- 
tk (the coverlet : oppoe ed to atragolom, the 
mattreae. Vid. Sen., Ep., 87, 3) : lodix ; 
kdicula. fi Bed-fellow, *\ocA aodoa. 

1 Bed-poet, Ibkram kctL H^'d-rtd- 
en, lecto affixoa. \iBed-time, *tempoa 
dormiendi. ViBed in a garden, area; 
arada. Hotted, *area atercdre aatiata: 
*area ritrek monlta (if wiA framee. 
Oonf. Plin., 19, S, S3). To lay out in 
bede, arda diitingoere : in areaa dividere. 
A violet-bed, Tiokiiom. \\An oyeter- 
bed, oatreariom (artifidat). H^'^'' of 
•aioikar, aolphorata (ao. kca). |il.ay> 
«r, ViD. 

BEDABBLE, aa p er g ere; co na pergere; 
renergere; humectare. 

BEDAGOLE, biqoinare aliqoid aUqnd 
ret Co fret^f^k oars o«{f,8einqoinareaM- 
qoA re, e. g., wiA filth, coaoo or aordiboa. 

BEDAUB, Unera ; obUnere ; pertinere ; 
ongere; perongere; oonqmrcare. 

bEDEuK, v., omare ; exomare : wiA 
ao met h ing , onare or exomare, or diatin- 
goere aUquA re [&wu. in Bsdizbn] : ex- 
colere aUiqoA re or omato aUct^joa rd, 
e. g., «to walla wiA marble, paridtea mar- 
niOTiboa: arooa»wJc4j»cciaiK«,CQbico]am 
tabokrom pictarom omato. / bedeck 
myaelf to pleam you, me exomo, tibi ot 
plaoeam : the heavena bedecked wtA etara, 
ooalom aatrk diatinctom et omatum: 
the ehoree bedecked wiA dtiea, litora orbl- 
boa diatincta. 

BEDEW, Tx., irrorare ; noetically, rore 
rigare; frodopad, roacfdoa (t) : tobedtwtha 
Aeeke wiA teara, homectare genaa kcri- 
mk (f ) : to be bedewed, homeacere : Ae eye 
ie bedewed wiA teara, ocoloa homectat 

BED-FELLOW, *kctl aocioa. 

BEDIM, TE., obacurare (dtker literally 
or figuratively : tenebraa ofiimdere or 
oboooere alicoi rd or alicoi (to overcoat, 
eo that any thing ie no longer in dear 
Ught, either literally or figuralivelf) : to 
bedim or wrap in darkneee, noctem offon- 
dere alicoi m : the light of a lamp ia be- 
di mma d by that of the aum, obacorator ot 
offUnditor loce aolk lomen Incemw : ob- 
livion ahaU never bedim the remembrance 
of thee, toam memoriam noUa oI^tIo ob- 
acorabit : to bedim the reputation, nomlnl 
or decdri officere. 

BEDIZEN, omare; exonMow; adoma^ 
re: excokre (to oafreUkA witA d«cor«(io»o 
ef aU aorta) : diatingoere (w;^ tkinga 
which, by color, brilliancy, and other qutd- 
itiea, eat off any thing) : to bedixen a epeech, 
* dicendi non omamenta qoasrere aed k- 
nodnk ((nfier Q^inL, Proeem. to Book %, 
96): *orationem Tariare ac diatingoere 
qoaai qoiboadam Terborom aeotentia- 
romqoe knocinik : la bediien a n m rm ion, 
narrationem gratiA et Tenere exoraara : 
Co baditen a deacrMon, nimiom depia- 
gere aliqoid: to betUxan ontfe faUinge, fi- 
tk aoa focare, colorare. **To beded^ 
and *'to baditan"* may be thna diadm 



grUAud: **to bedee/^' i$ timply to adorn ; 
** to bedizen," to »et off by exc^at of onuh 

BEDLAM, *domu8, quA contlneiitar 
homines insitni : he i* fit far Bedlam, huio 
hellebdro opus est (PlauL, F$eud., 4, 7, 
89) : $end Aim to Bedlam, navigot Anticy* 
ram (Uor., SaL, 2, 3, 16()). 

BEDLAMITE, homo insanos or ftuio- 

B£DRENCH,j;)erfu]idcra aliquA re (to. 
saturate with motttwre) : bread mth water. 
panem aquA : any thing with teare, aliquid 

BEDUNG, stercorare ; stercore satiare. 

BEE, apis : Uttle bee, aplcftla: tame bee$, 
«pes cicdres; wUd, apes feraa or silves- 
tres : the male bee, fticus : the bee» that 
gather honejf, (apes) fferula» : food for 
bees, dbus apium ; sanmurica, cerinthus : 
wntng bee», apiom fetus or sobdles ; pul- 
Uties : bee-eater, merops apiaster (Lto.) : 
bee-fattder, apium amore captos ; apes 
coleQs: bee-tave», apiarium; alrearium: 
gueen-betj *rerina apium: the ancients 
took the qtuen^iee for a mate, and thsnee 
called her rex or regulus apimn : a tingle 
hhe, alTus or alreus; rasculum; domi- 
dlium ; tectum (apium) : a nearmofbee», 
examen (apium) : the management of bees, 

a^nm educatio ; apium cura or cultus ; 
reorum cura : the hum of a bes, bom- 
bos: the sting of a bee, ictus apis; acule- 
tis; spiculum. 

BEECH, fiigus (* faffus sUratica, Liv.) : 
beechen, or mads qf fraecA, £ig6us ; Ugl- 
nus; fattineus. 

BEEF, (caro) bab&la : berf-eater, no., 
corporis oostos, or stipaCor : satellas : mi- 
les pr89torianns ^according to Roman cms- 
Cos») : bfef-steak, cames boviHsB in carbon- 
ibus superimpositn (Theod., Prise, 1, 7). 

BEER, cerevisia (a beverage made from 
com, de^ribed bf Tac^ Oerm., 23. 1, hu- 
mor ex hordeo aut frnmento in quandam 
iimilitudinem vini comiptus) : to brew 
beer, ^cerevisiam coquere: to sell beer, 
^cerevisiam direndero; also caupdnam 
exerc^re: a brewer of beer, *cerer]Bim 
ooctor : the art of brewing beer, * ars cere< 
risifls coquendsB : vinegar made of beer, 
* acetam cerevisisB : a barrel qfbeer, * do- 
Uum cerevislsB : a pot of beer, * lagdna 
ceroTisiflB : a glass of beer, * vitrum cere- 
▼isi» : a beer-cellar, * cella cererisiaria. 

BEET, beta: beetroot or red beet^ beta 
rubra (Plin.). 

BEETLE, BcarabflBus («» ^stfcO. HFis- 
tOca (a rammer to drive stakes into the 
ground) : paricfila (an instrumstU used 
tn paving, or in leveling the ground) : tu- 
des : tudicula (the latter used for pound- 
ing oUves, CoL). U Beetle-headed, bardos : 
beetle-browed, tristi or torro supercilio. 

BEETLE, v., prominere : projici : pro- 
Jectum esse (e. gn of a town running out 
into the sea, in altom) : procurrere, cxcur- 
rere (ab aliquA re— tn aliquid of peninsu- 
las, &^., running out into the sea). 

BEEVES, pecus bubOlum or coma- 
turn: boves. 

BEFALL, acddere; evcnire; contin- 
gero; obrenire; obtingere (accidere ci»i 
evenire denote both favorable and unfa- 
vorable occurrences; out cAe accidentia, «fi- 
expeeted, overtaking us by surprise} the 
evenientia, expected, foreseen : contingere, 
obvcnire, obtingere, aregeneridlycoT^ned 
to fortunate ocewhrenees ; the accidentia 
are fortuitous, ths evenientia restdt from 
foregoing acts or eireumstances ; the con- 
tin^entia are the favors of fortune ; the 
obtmgentia and obvenientia are what falls 
to on£s lot, D6d.). To bear whatever may 
b^faU, quemcunque sors tnlerit casum 

BEFIT, aptnm, accommodatum esse 
fllicui roi or ad aliquid ; idoneum esse ad 
aUquid : convenire ad aliquid (Jte suitable 
to the nature of an y thing, and therefore 
befitting i£). f^^ Neither respond^re all- 
cni rei, nor (juadrare ad aliquid, nor con- 
gnufe alicm rei, ore A«re applieabU : de- 
c4re with an accusative of the person (be- 
come) : 89quum rat; par est, «9i(A an injin- 
itivet eonviiAtjWithanaoeusativeandin- 
fknitive (U is proper, ice.), it is not befit- 
ting, non decet ; not at all b^ing, wxa\- 
wuodtxieltiboth with ths aeeusQtiot and tJi* 


Jinitive: it is not at all befitting for an 
orator to be in a passion, oratorem irasci 
minime decet: **it bejittf* is sometimes 
translated by est wUh the genitive ; as, it 
befits a young man, est juvenis ; but if the 
object is a personal pronoun, the vossessive 
pronoun takes its place; as, it o^/its'thee, 
tuum est 

BEFOOL, in£Eituare (to lead one to com- 
fait a foUy, a silliness): occecare (Co 
blind) : pemcere (u> make a fool qf by al- 
lurements of a youth or maiden) : aliqucm 
lactare et fidsA spe producere (to feed 
any bodiy with false hopes) : dcNcipere (to 
deceive) : in fraudem Impellere. To be 
befooled, tn fraudem deducL 

BEFORE, H to eqrress priority in sptLce 
and time: ante (btfore, without reference 
to nearness or distance, denotes the relation 
of precedence with reference to a subsequent 
direct, and is opposed to ** behind," whether 
in time or space) : ob (before, in space 
only, with rtference to the surface of an ob- 
ject) : pro (before, forward : qf direction 
or position with rtference to an object be- 
hind it) : brfore my censorship, consulship, 
Sic, ante me censorem, consulem: bifore 
his death, ante obltum, virus. The day 
before, pridie ejus diei: ^hinc (ago: 
reckoning back from the present time ; lAe 
numeral and its substantive may be either 
in the accusative or ablative, but it must be 
a cardinal, not <m ordinal, eind abhinc 
must stand Jirst ; e. g,^ four years before the 
present time, abhinc quatuor annos)': to 
sail before the wind, secundo vento cur- 
sum tenfire : before the city, ante urbcm : 
brfore the camp, ante castra ; pro castris ; 
b^ore the door, ante Januam ; a januA 
(e. g., to look out before the door, a JanuA 
prospicere). / Aom that alwetys b^ore my 
eyes, id mihi semper obTersatur ante ocu- 
los (Cic) : brfore the feet, ante pedes : be- 
fore the eyes, ante ocuJos (positum esfe) ; 
ob oculos (Tersari) ; ante oculos Tersari : 
brfore the tinu, ante tempus ; ante diem : 
a long time b^ore, olim: to ride brfore 
any body, aliquem equo anteire : to go be- 
fore any body, aliquem anteire, anteccde- 
re, antegrAdL He died befoi'e his father, 
prior quam pater moriebatur : to drive a 
herd before one, pns se armentnm ngcre : 
to send any body before one, aliquem ante 
se mittere ; pnemittere : to have the river 
before one, flumen praa se habere : he ear- 
rwed two daye before me, biduo me ante- 
cessit (Cic). || In the presence of, 
coram : before any body, coram aliquo ; 
prsBsente aliquo ; inspectante aliquo : to 
spatk before tAs people, coram popdlo di- 
cere (if the people are aecidemaUy pres- 
ent) ; apud populum dicere (^ the people 
are oMcially present) : to praise any body 
before his fofe, aliquem in os laudare. 
\\ Sometimes '^beforeT is rendered in 
Latin merely by a case ; e. a., to rise or 
stand up brfore any body, alicui assurse- 
re : to humble one?s self brfore any body, 
alicui ee deraittere : tojiee before any boefy, 
aliquem or aliciijus aspectam fugcre : 
ante (standing before, especially in com- 
parison with one other) : prajter (bryontl, 
more than, Sec.), l^^ Prw never implies 
such pre-eminence as may exist among 
equals, but a putting aside of all the rest 
in comparison with this ("Si dicas, 'hie 
est pru ceteris dignus,' hoc dlcas: hie 
dignus e»t, ccteri non item,** Frotscher). 
II ** i?<j/br«" of pre-eminence or com- 
parative superiority : to stand brfore 
Alexander (to surpass him), ante Alexan- 
drum esse : to love any body before others, 
aliquem prster ceteros amare (but not 
aliquem prw ceteris amare, which would 
mean to iove any be>dy alone, and not to 
love others) : to be before all others in 
worth, pneter ceteros dignum esse (not 
prsB ceteris dienumr esse, L e., alone wor- 
thy, others not being so): to be brfore any 
body in any thing, prsstare alicui aliquA 
re : antccellere aUm aliquA re. || Sime- 
times** before means '^ under the juris- 
diction ;** as, to bring any bodv brfore 
the judge, aliquem ad Judicem adancere : 
to summon brfcrs a court, aliquem in jus 

BEFORE, without ease, is ofisn ren- 
dered by ante or pre in oonmosttion : an- 
te, «ntea; antshac (brfore this, hitherto) : 


prius, dtius ; in fronte ; ante pectus, fa& 
pectore ; supra (cUtove) : go you before, I 
will follow, 1 pr» ; sequar. / ought to 
have declared the matter brfore, oportnit 
rem prwnarrassc me : you must speak be- 
fore, we afterward, tos priores esse opor- 
tet, nos postcrius dicere: to go brfore, 
pnaireT priorem ire : the enemy pressing 
on than brfore, quum hostis instaret a 
fronte : shortly before, paulo ante : long 
brfore, multo ante, ante multo, longe ante: 
a few days before, paucis ante diebus, pau- 
da diebus ante: before you come to ths 
gate, priusquam ad portam vcnias : tA< 
year beft/re he died, anno antequam mor- 
tuus est : he who was consul the year be- 
fore, supcrioris anni consul : as J hetvs 
said before, ut supra dixi, ut supra dic- 
tum est : to taste brfore, preegustare : 
never before^ antehac nunquam, nunquam 
ante hunc diem. || Brfore, before that (of 
time), prius quam or priusquam, ante 
quam or antequam, antea quam or antea- 
quam (all with indicative or subjunctive) : 
brfore I depart this life, antequam ex bac 
vitA migro : the year before I was censor, 
anno ante me censorem : the day before 
I wrote these things, pridie quam b»e 
scripsi : before any authority came from 
you, nondum interpositA auctoritate ves- 
trA. \\ Before, beforetime, informer 
time, ollm, cponaam. || Rather, soon- 
er, potius, citius, prius: racAer (Aan, 

r>tius (pam, citius quam, prius quam. 
will die brfore I, Sec, mori male, quam, 
etc. \\ Already, jam, dudum, jam dn- 
dum. il Brfore-mentioned, quem (quam, 
quod) supra dixi — qui supra dictus eat 
(not supra dictus, memoratus, ncnnina- 

BEFOREHAND, adv.: to be brfors- 
hand, paratum promtumque esse; with 
any thing, providdre, instruere aliquid ; 
in oxpedjto nab^re aliquid : to have money 
beforehand, pecuniam in numerato, or 
pr» manu habere. ** Befordtandf" is ofton 
translated by pr» or ante tn composittftn : 
to take any thtng brforehand, aliquid pne- 
cipere (Jurist.): to dHermine any thing 
brforehand, aliquid prasfinire, prwstitnero : 
to be on one'» guard brfbrdkand, prieca- 
v6re : to be beforehand with any body in 
any thing, prwvenire aliquem aliquA re : 
to be beformand with any body's wishes, 
desidena alioi^us prevenire : to pay be- 
forehand, in anteccssum dare or solvero 
(post- Augustan) i ante tempus or ante 
dictum diem solvere : repradsentare (pof 
down at once'^. 

BEFOUL, inquinare aliquid (aliquA re) : 
to befoul onefs self with any thing, ee in- 
quinare aliquA re, e. g^ with dirt, creno 
or Bordibus; maculare: commaculare; 
maculis aspergere; spurcare; conspnr- 

BEFRIEND, fav6re alicui, alici;}us re- 
bus or partibus (to brfriend both in will 
and action) : alicui studcre ; alien jus esso 
studiosum (to brfriend by affeition and 
kindness) : juvare, a^Juvare aliqucm (ap- 
plicable both to persons and to lueky cir- 
cumstances) : esse alicui adjnmmtu ; af- 
ferre alicui adjumentum (appliceible toper- 
sons only) : fov^ro aliquem : fov^re ac 
toUere aUquem : sustinere ac fov§rc ali- 
quem ; gratiA et auctoritate suA sustentare 
aliquem (to brfriend any body in refer- 
ence to civil honors) : bcnevolentiA aU- 
quem prosequi : bcnev(dentlam alicui 
prsstare, or in aliqucm conferre (sAois 
him kindness, good-will. Sec) : euflHgari 
aliciu (to give him on^s rote, interest. Sec.) : 
prosperare alimicm; obsecuudare alicui 
(of favorable circumstances). \liTobe be- 
friended by any body, gratioeum alicui, 
or apud aliquem esse : by nature, natnram 
fautricem habere (in aliquA re). The 
ships, being befriended by darkness, reached 
the land, naves noctis mterventu ad ter> 

Beg, tb,, 11(0 request, pray for, 
rogare, orare aliquem aliquid ; flagitare ; 
eflfai^tare aliouid ab aliquo (with eagerness 
andia^fstuosuy) : to bisg the gods, precari 
a diis: precaoone uti; precationem ad 
deos facere: to be^ humbly any thing 
from any body, supp^care alicui pro re : 
petere, postnlare suppliciter aliquid ab ali- 
quo; orars aliquem snppUdbus vextaU; 


orw or rogm aliquem supplieiter : to 
h^ impormmatdf and ahnoat vith tearM, 
omnibat precibTZfl, psne lucrimis etum 
obcecrare aliqnem : to beg m tk» mot 
wraeu «umii«r, aliquem Ita rogare, ut 
m^re ttodio rogare non poMim: towg 
t&< Ufe qf a wtaiefaeiOT^ petere vitam no- 
oeoti : icc aM 6tf- ofyou^ oratua fia ; rogati 
iitia or eatote : ut me b«^ mnd beaeiek you, 
qaaeao, orQ, obtecro. |) To btg the (Jo- 
xor of amy bodjf'$) compunw^ aliqaem 
inritare, Tocare : to h*g anif bodf^a com- 
poMff to dinner t aliqnem ad ccBDam vocare 
or inntare : to btg anjf bodjf» cowifony at 
omit houoty aliqnem domnm auam invita- 
Fe [omdicere alicul, toUk or without cca- 
nam, or ad eoepam, u to hwiu on^» oe{ff 
to^ to dnu with cay body], 

BEG, nrrBANs^ mendicare : «tipem oo* 
sere or coUigere (Co b^ alms): of omm 
oodif^ mendicare or eoiendicare atipem ao 
tSaqao <J9uH^ OcL, 91) : from homse to 
koM$t, *rmt\ht\m ^txpem cogera : to liv« fry 
btgging^ mendicando or mendicanUnn 
TiTere; stipe pracaiiA victitare (Jjamion^ 

BEGET, gignere (general term of men, 
•mimal»t &cJ) : getierare (more meet et- 
freeeion : of tke gods, nature, &c.) : gpg- 
aere et procrearo : liberos. procreare ; 
Hbena (ac. procreandia^ operam dare ; 
Uberwex (aot ab^ aliqoa gi^iere ; liberos 
ex {not ab) aliqna sasculisiie or sascepis- 
•e. Onty-begatten, «mlcoa (not tmigezii- 
tojr f^iek, komteoer, aiay be retained a» a 
udtnkal term in tkeolo^). \\ Yiq^ to 
came, crosre (e. g., penculum. errorem, 
▼i^aptatem) : procreare (periculum) : 
ire (dolorem, tadiom, soomiuii). To 
emepieum in any body, Boapiciopem 
' morere, importare, &cere, effloere, 
dare, praebere : eueo siupicionem parAre, 
ifep. : Aeeitation, doubt, aubttadoDeni ali- 
cai iafierre, in.poere, aleo dare, Cm. ; eome 
doubt, Donnallam in dnttttationem aliqaem 
addnoere: ^ear m any body, dmorem all- 
cai &cere, lojicere, incatere. 

BEGGAR, mendlcua : beggar-woman, 
* mulier mendlcana : ae proud a§ a beg- 
gar, etoltA ac mendXcA arrogantiA elataa 
iCm^ B. C^ 3, 39): a beggar'e waUo, 
mendici pera : a beggar^e brat, * pner (or 
podia) amend icans : ae poor ae a beggar, 
m CTinmA egeatate or mendicitate esoe ; 
in fommA mendicitate rivere ; ritun in 
egestate degere. 

BEGGAR, rn^ ad remm omnium ino- 
piam redigere ; ad fiunem rejicere ; om- 
niboa bonis eTertere : to beggar ontfe eelf, 
ad mendidtatem se detrudero (Plaut., 
Mm^ 1, 3, 21) : one toko ia beggared, ali- 
cm res ad raatroa rediit (« comic expree- 
sJoA) : to be beggared, ad rerum omnium 
inomam redi«3. 

BEGGARLY, mendleas (fike a beggar^ : 
Bdaer (mnctcAed): esllis (mean). Adv., 
exiliter : a beggarly e^air, res riUssima 
or lerisaima ; hitemn opus or negotium 
(CSc, F«rr., 4, 14, 32). 

B£(3GART, mendidtas irrw^tta): 
cg t at as (want of neeeeeariee) ; egestas ao 
mendk;itaa : to reaeue anu body from beg- 
gary, precario Tictu Uberare aliquem 
ICmi, 4, 14,23): to be reduced to beg- 
gary, * ad mcodidtatem rcdigi ; ad pu« 
flwidam pai^ertatem delal^; bonis ex- 

BEGIN, indpere; indioaro; ordiri or 
exordiri (incipere denotet beginning, in 
oppoeition to leaoing off; oppoeed to ces- 
asve, desinere. Sec : inchoare, m opposi- 
tion to oamflddng ; opposed to perneere, 
perage re , «c. : ordiri or exordiri, in op- 
pention to advan c e me nt ; oppoeed to oon- 
tiauare, pergere, Aas., DOd.) : initium fe- 
cere aUcujus rd : aggrddi aliquid, or ad 
aliqoid fiueiendnm (to begin, or set to, to 
asy tkmg) : to begin a statue, signum in- 
scitnere: coulisse (foUowed by an »»/{»«• 
tiv^ : ke began tke slaughter with me, em- 
dia iaitinm fedt a mo : to begin a^ain, 
attcnjos rei tdam retexere. ^^ Before 
Ike passive infinitive the perfeuqfcas^aoe 
is «BDtos esc, or cosptum est : we are be- 
ginning to be coneuUed, consttU coapti 
somas: they begin throwing the vessels, 
▼«wcooJidccBptasant: to begin a sjpekh, 
iaitium dicendi fooere ; exordior dioere ; 
•igredl ad dioendom : to begin a Uuosuitt 


litem intenderealicQi; a jraarral or «(ion, 
canaam jurgii inferre. Intb^ incipere 
(ofpereone and thinge) : initium faoere, 
With any body or any thing (Le^ to take 
kim or it fret), aU aliquo or sb aliquA re : 
let my speech end where it began, unde est 
orsa, in eo terminetor oratio: the new 
year be^ns with sktap frosts, firigoribus 
norus mcipit annus (Op., FeisL, 1, 149) : 
the nasne begins with a (7., C est pzind^ 
pium nomim (PlauLi TVin., 4, 2, iOy: one 
division of the Qauls begins at tke Jlkone, 
(jallorum una para a Khodtao inclpit : 
the country of the Belga begine at the eac- 
tremity qf Oaul, Belgw ab extremis Gal- 
Us finibus oriuntar. Tke ridge btgins 
at tke ssa, jugum montis a mari surgit 
II To be in an incipient etatcf moet- 
ly translated by inchoative verbs in scare : 
it begine to grosa light, Incesdt; dHuceS- 
fAt; iUucescIt: it &<^tiw lo ft« toarm, cales- 
ciL II Idiomatic vass: why don't you 
begin f quid stas? quid statis? the battle 
b^ns, prodUum committitur ; hostes 
aae concurrunt Never, &c., sines the 
world began, nunquam, &C., post homi- 
nes natos, post hominum memoriam (not 
post initium or ab initio mundi) : to b^gin 
weU and end badly, bonis initiis orcuri, 
tristes exitns habere (of events). \\ '* To 
b^n'* may sometimes be translatsd by pri- 
mum : to begin by telling ontfs name, no- 
men primum memorare. 

BEGINNER, auctor (the beginner, or 
person with whom the pliM or idea origin- 
ated) : instimulator; concitator ; insmnu- 
lator et condtator (the beginner, or fret 
mover, e. g., of a mutiny^ &c.). [Vid. Au- 
Tuoa.] Tl He who ie learning the 
rudiments of any tking, elementari- 
us (etmecially in writing and reading, 
Sen^ Ep., 36, 4) : tiro ; rudis ; tiro ac ru- 
dis in auquA re («naeercived m oay cAta^) : 
a beginner in any service is novicius (e^ 
plied by tke andents to a new elav€) : tobe 
a beginner, prima elementa discere ; pri- 
mis elemenos or Uteris imbui : to be stUl 
a beginner, *in tirodniis luerSre: Co be 
something wtore than a beginner, paulum 
aliquid iUtra primas literas progressum 

BEGINNING, initium (tke point from 
which any thing begins: opposed to exi- 
tus) : prindpium. (the b^iiMing, as that 
part of the wkole vM/ck stands before tke 
otherpartsin tkings, and goes bqfore them 
in actions: opposed to extremnm): pri- 
mordium (fhe beginning as the pri$netal 
source and origin tfany thing) : orsus ; 
exorsus ; inoeptio (have an active, mean- 
ing) : tirocinium (the fret attsmpts or ex- 
p^ments) : limen/or **beginnii^* (e. g^ 
belli) is (o be avoided as a poetical expres- 
sion. " Beginning" is ojun rendered by 
primus, a, um ; e. g., prima epistoln ver- 
ba, tke beghining of a letter (Sen., Ep., 15, 
1) : tke b^inning of a disturbance, primus 
tumultus (Uv., 1,6): tke beginning of a 
speech, prima orationis verba ; exordium, 
procBmram (tke introduction, never initi- 
mn): the beginning of an art or edenee, 
elementa; rudimenta; incunabula: the 
beginning of a play, commissia : at tke 
beginning of spring, vere novo, or ine- 
unte vere ; iniCo vere (if it kas begun) : 
at tke beginning of night, primA nocte ; 
primo vespere : tu tke beginning of day, 
prima luce : fo relate from tke beginning, 
ab ultimo initio repetere ; altins ordiri et 
repetere : to relate from l^inning to end, 
ordine rem omncm narrarc : Jrom beghi- 
«ing to end, a carceribus usc^ue ad cal- 
cem (PKOVSKB) : tke beginning of tke 
world, prindpia or primordia rerum : 
from the beginning of tke world, post 
homines natos ; post hominum memori- 
am (after negativee) : without beginning 
or end, etemus : to kave neiiker begin- 
ning nor end, nee principium, nee finem 
habere : the end suits the oeginning, prin- 
dpiis consentiunt exitus : from the be- 
ginning, a prindpio: in tke beginning, 

BECiIRD, to bind round witk any tking, 
dnxere or sucdngere aliquem aliquA re ; 
ac<migere alicui uiquid: to begird onis 
seJf, dngere se, or dngi, or accmgi aliquA 
re. « 

BEGONE, amdve te hinc, abi inmalam 


rem I begone, ye profane ! procnl este 
inrofani I begone from my sigkt, abscede 
procul e conspectu meo I &cesse hinc I 
apAge te I apage iis I begone and be bang- 
M / abi in msiiam rem, or in malam cm- 
cem (cootie) ; quin tu abis in malam pes- 
tem, malumque cruciatumt (Cic, PkiL, 
13, 21, 48). 

BEGREASE, Unere ; oblinere ; per- 
linere : ungere ; perungere (witk any fat 
stAstance) : to begrease tke paper with any 
thing, iUinere ahquid chartis (Hor., Sat., 

BEGRIME, fuligine oblinere ; begrimed, 
fnligine oblltus. 

BEGRUDGE, invidftre aUcui : to be- 
grudge a Uttle, subinriddre alicxii: in- 
vidAre aMcui aliquid ; tnvidSre alicui hon- 
orem ; nulUns equidem invidoo honori 

BEGUILE, fraudem or fsllariwm alicui 
&cere; dolum alicui nectere, coofingere ; 
dedpere ; fallere : ke completebf beguiled 
kis cosspanions, socios induxit, decepit, 
destituit, onmi fraude et perfidiA fefellit : 
cb-cumvenire : fraude aut dolo capOTe ; 
dudere : alicui imponere : alicui fucum 
facere : alicui verba dare : to beguile or 
balk, frustrari ^ to beguile or lead by the 
nose, drcumducere (eoiaie): to beguile 
any body qf any thing, defraudare ali- 
quem aliquA re : to beguile any body of 
his money, aliquem drcumducere or cir- 
cumvortnn argento ; afiquem cmungere 
argento; perfabricaro aUquem (the loM 
two ooaUc expressions) : to beguile kis 
creditors, fraudue creditores : to attend 
to beguile any body, fraude aliquem ten- 
tare ; falladam iutendere in aliquem : 
kope bruited me, spes me fefellit, or dea- 
tituit, or frustrata est: to beguHe time, 
fallere boras : fo beguile tke long nigkt, 
^Mtiosam &llere nocton (Ovid). 

BEGUILER, fkvudator: homo ad fal- 
lendum paratua, or instructus : drcum- 
scriptor : quadru^ator (one who by tricks 
and chicanery seeks to get the property of 
others into ms own power) : veterator; 
homo totus ex frnude factus (opposed to 
homo sine fbco et falladin). 

BEHALF, usus: comm6dum: t» «y 
behay, meA causA ; meam ob causam ; 
propter me (m behalf or on account of 
me) : meo nomine (in my behalf or per- 
son) : meis verbis (m «ly behalf or in my 
name ; e. g., sdUtte him in my name, where 
meo nomine would not be LatiiC) : pro me 
(in my beka^ or stead ; in bekalf of any 
tking or any body, alicq)us causft or gra- 
tiA; ta Oy bekay, tuA causA). 

BEHAVE, se gerere (witk adverb): to 
bekave witk propriety, honeste se gerere : 
to bekave as any body, gerere or ogere ali- 
quem; agere pro aliquo (i. e., to bekave as 
or represent any body : so agere or gerere 
aliquem, and se agere pro aliquo ore m- 
eorreetf but se gerere pro aliquo if cor^ 
rect; as, se pro dve gerere, to act as a 
dtiten, Cic, Arch., 5) : Co behave toward 
any body suitably to kis rank, dignitati aH- 
ciuus c<msulere : to bekave liberally to- 
ward any body. aUquam liberaliter habere : 
to bekave harshly toward any body, aliquem 
aspere fractare. ^^ Wuh se gerere an 
advtrb should be used, not an affective: 
not se modcstum, immodestum, urba- 
Dum, Sec, gerere, but modeste, immo- 
deste, urbane, Sec, se gerere. To behave 
in a matter, se gerere in re: to behave 
fooUshiy in a matter, * praposteve ngere 
rem. It is characteristic of a great man 
to b^aoe himself in eo high an office in 
such a manner as. Sec, perraagni hominis 
est, sic se adhibSre in tantA potestate, ut, 
Ac. II WXI.X.-BEHAVBD, bene moratus 
(tnorally) : modeetus (shoiping moderation 
and good breeding). lU-bdiaved, rudis : 

BEHAVIOR, Vivendi ratio, or from con- 
flfxt, ratio alone: mores: good behavior, 
morum probitas : bad behavior, mali 
mores ; monzm perversitas : imjm>bitas: 
what sort of behavior is that f quid istle 
mos est t The young wotsan's behavior is 
somewhat, or too, light, ingcnium liberius 
quam virgincm decet (Liv.) : behavior to- 
ward any body, * ratio <mlk quia udtur 
adversus aliquem : good behavior, b<nii 
mores, vita bene mwata; urbanitas, hu- 
manitas: unassuming, modest behtivior, 



modeflfla: unbteomin^, im p roptr Mhoo- 
ioTf impudentia : Migtn^ bthtwhr, liber- 
■lifeu ; offldum : isttmtha behavior, obser- 
mxtia.: proud, tntoUrOy kaugktif hehaeior, 
waigmrbUi, imolenda: to he bound to ontf» 
good behavior, ad bene m ffereadtun 
oblignii: to be on on^e h^moutr to anif 
one, observare aUqnem. |Mtr, bearing, 
habitat, gestas : a noble bdkooior, ad dis- 
nitatem Mpodta forma et qieciea : in ne 
siotum o/ciw &o<&r, dignitai motas. fiEle- 
ganeej gracefulne»», decor, decJSrum, 
decentia ; urbaidtas, politior humanltaa ; 

BEHEAD. To behead anf body, caput 
alun^s proddere (with tke otoord; it 
wotUd be wrong to eojf caput Cervidbtu 
abaeldere, ««mm the peraoh ieibret etran- 
gled, Cie^ PkiL, iL, 3: cervicibns fractia 
ciqnit abeddiQ : aecori ferfre, or percu- 
tere (with the axe, ae the instrument noed 
bff the executioner) : decoUare (ae a gen- 
eral tern, poet-Auguetan, Sen^ and Stiet., 
and even dUn refected from the more do- 
voted gtvie). 

BEHEST. Vid. Command. 

BEHIND, ade^prep^ and adj., pone, pott 
(opposed to ante) : poat tergimi Q>«hind 
the badt: oppoeed to ante pectus): a tergo 
(from behind : oppoeed to adverras, or a 
latere. Vid. SaL,i. Ord. Rep., 3, 9: 
neque adrerant, nequs a tergo, ant later!- 
buB tutoa eat) : to looh behind, oculos re- 
torqudre : to hich out bdkind, recaldtrare 
C^Hor., SaL^ % 1, 90), or calces remittere: 
behind the house, (In) aversA parte domils ; 
in postico ; (in) i)o«tlc4 parte a»diam ; (in) 
p08tlc& domo (in the building or wing 
that ie behind) : the garden woe behind the 
house, faortos erat postlcis edium parti- 
bus : to attach anp body from behind, aU- 
ouem arersum or a tergo ag^redi, inra- 
aere : to receive a woum bditnd Ae ear, 
secundum aurem vulnua accipere (vid. 
Hen^ Cos., B, O., 7, 34, extr.) : to leatoe a 
person behind, post se reUnquere : ora- 
currere : to leave anw body far behind, aU- 
quern procul a se reUnquere : behind any 
bodjfe baeh (= m any bod^s absence, or 
without any bodtfe hnowledge), post ter- 

Sm ; clam aUquo or inscio aUquo : be- 
td the mountain, ad terga montSs: a 
«Mn ^^ed taid l^ three daughters bMnd 
him, quidam deoedens tres alias reliquit : 
to leaoe debts behind one, ess alienum re- 
Ijnqnero. H Behind, out of eight, be- 
hind the curtain, obscums, obscurior, 
reconditus. in recondito: there is some 
evil behind, aliquid moli snbest : to be be- 
hind, I e., Ufi, remaining, reUqnmn esse, 
relinqui, restare, superesse. / desire to 
hear all that is bddnd, reHqna coplo scire 
omnia : what r e main s now behind f quid 
nunc Pprro f is there any more mischief 
yet behind f numquid est aliud maU re- 
nquum f there ie one worh yet behind, unus 
supcrest labor. 

BEHINDHAND, to be behindhand with 
any body, ab aUquo superari : / will not 
be behindhand, non posteriores feram 
(▼id. Ruhnk, Ter., Ad.^ 5^ 4, ^ : to be be- 
hindhand in learning, parum proficere, 
or procedere in Hteris : tn money matters, 
renquari (to be in arreare, Pandect,) : at> 
trids esse facultatibos ; in rei familiaris 
angustiis esse (^ be in embarraseed sir- 
eumstanees) : not to be behindhand in any 
thing, in aliquA re pron^essus fiacere. 

BEHOLD, aipicero diquem or aliquid: 
oculos in aliquid conjicere or convertere 
(to east eyes on): spcctare; aspectare 
(with attention). Vid. To Sxb, Oazx, 
Look (at). 

BEHOLD, interf., ecce (points at eome- 
thing as appearing suddenly and unex- 
pectedly) : en (points at eomething as not 
obeerredfrom mremdice, aversion, or eome 
SHchfeeUng. Both usually with the nomin- 
ative, and only ecce (in comedy with ac- 
cusative, of a pronoun : eccum, eccam, ec- 
cos are the contracted forme o/ecce eum, 
ecce earn, ecce eos) : behold, or there ie, 
your letter, eeoe litem tu» : behold, here 
J am, ecce me : behold, there he ie, eccum 
adest : Miold, there is the very man Iwae 
looking for, eccum quem qnmrebam : be- 
hold, that is the reason, en causa : behold, 
that is it that mahes the othere Misw, en 
onr eeteri artaitrentiir. 


BEHOLDEN. To be beholdm to any 
lo<iy,aUcuiobnoziumesae; alictOQ«bene- 
flciis oblintnm esse : to be much beholden 
to any body, aUcui multum, or mnlta bene- 
fiela, debdre : / ehaU be exceedingly be- 
holden to you, gratissimum mihi fiides ; 
hoc mUii gratius &cere nihil pofees. 

BEHOOF, usus ; commodum. 

BEHOOVE, dec«re aUquem : ft be- 
hooves, decet or oonvtait (followed by an 
accusative and an kijatitioe) : oportet (fol- 
lowed also by an accusative, and an infini- 
tive is used when moral obligation is im- 

BEING, II exietenee. The Latins ex- 
press this notion by the verb esse ; e. g., 
he denies the being of the gods, nuUos esse 
deos putat; deoe esse negat: he asserts 
the being of the gode, deos esse dicit: he 
utterly refeete the being qf a Qod, deum 
ex remm naturi tollit: to fulfU the pttr- 
pose of amis being, *legi quA nati sumus, 
respond^re or satisfacere. i| Bsino, par- 
tieipU, Vld.BB. \Ibeingpresent,xae^sinB>- 
aente (not in meapraasentia) ; coram me.] 

BELABOR, pulsore (fo beai soundly) : 
▼erberibus csdere (to bane thoroughly) : 
Terberibus castigare (to punish either 
pugiUeHcaUy or with A cutset) : yerberi- 
bus or flagris impl§re; male mulcare; 
▼erberibos subiaere or irrigare ; verberi- 
bus mulcare (au comic expressione). 

BELATED. Vid. Benighted. 

BELCH, v., ructare : to cause to bdch, 
ructus gignere, or movAre, or facere, or 

BELCH, a., ructus ; stom&efai redunda- 

BELDABI,anicQla; yeOlA (old woman)'. 
mam ; beneffca (witt^). 

BELEAGUER, obsidAre; drcum se- 
dAre ; obsidicmem (nrbi) inferre ; in obsi- 
dione liabAre or tenAre ; obsidione clau- 
dere, premere : operibus dngere ; operi- 
bus dandere. omxuque corameatu priTare 
(dH answering to the Qreek vepixpoiiea- 
w^ai, to bkidcade) : oppugnare ; oppug- 
natione premere ; opera (urbi) admovAre 
(answerwg to the Greek iroXtepKtlv, rpot- 
MXActv, to storm) : to beleaguer on all 
sides, coronA cingcre, drcumd&re; corO- 
nk (mcsnia) aggrAdi; circumvallare (to 
surround with a Une of drcumvallation). 

BELFRY, * trabium eompAges, in quA 
camplna pcnidct 

BELIE, counterfeit, imitari, imitan- 
do exprinoere or efl U i gere ; mentiri (poet- 
icat). II Oive the lie to, mendacii coar- 
guere. || Misrepresent, depravare rem 
narrando. || Calumniate, criminari, 
de fem4 or existimatione aUcujus detra- 

BELIEF, fldee (assured belief) : opinio 
(oph^on, view) : pcrsuasio (fam convic- 
tion). II Creed, * formula Christiana : 
lex Christiana (the latter Ammianus, of a 
Christian'e **rule of faith'). An ariicU 
cfthe belief, * caput doctrine sacrs (caput 
or articulus fidei, barbaroue) : locus doc- 
trinflBSacre. The universal bdief about a 
cUti^, omnium opinio de re. A belief that 
poison had been a^hninieterd by some one, 
persuasio Teneni ab aUquo accept!, ule- 
cordin^ Co my Mi^/'.ttt ego existimo; mcA 
quidem opinione ; ut mihi quidem Tide- 
tur. TTU c omm on belief that, &c., vulgata 
opinio, quiL creditur, &c. Easy ofb^ief, 
credulus. Hard of belief, incredulus. 
Past belief, incredibUis: incredibOe quan- 
tum, supra quam credibile est Worthy 
of belief, fide dignus, fidus, certns, bonus, 
loenples, luculentus; credibilis; prob«i- 
bilis : unworthy of belief, levis ncc satis 
fidus (e.g., auctor). Ij /n an eeeleeiae- 
tieal eenee. fides (beHef, faith) : doctri- 
na, formula, lex (obiectiveiy, doctrine, pro- 
feesion, law), lex Christiana (Ammietn.) : 
religio (religion, generally} ae, relido 
Chrtsdtaiti, Eulrop., Amob.). fj^KrS>», 
after Muretus, advisee the retention o/ fides 
Christiana ae a technical Cerm. To fight 
for hie beli^, pro religionibus suis puff- 
nare (defend it with the sword) ; pro reU- 
glonibus suis belhmi (or -a) susdpere. 
Beli^ in (the existence of) a Qod, opbdo 
Dd: nobody shall drive me from my beUrf 
in the immortality of the soul, nemo me 
de immortaUtate depeHet (Cic) : the eom^ 
mon beUrf, that, Ac, vul^Rta opfado quA 


ereditnr, &«. (Liv.. 40, 39) : to hone or 
hold a wrong bdief on any subject, non 
recte credere de re (CSc^ : not to deserve 
any beUef (of a ddng), fidem or nuUam 
fidem habere. 

BELIEVE, credere (denotes belief a» 
grounded on testimony) : putare (to bo- 
Ueve, ae one who caste up tne reasons for 
and against: often of one who dote not 
see the errors of his calculation = **imag' 
imf) : arbitrar! (properly, to pronounce an 
opinion as an arbiter: tften of forming 
the most probable opinion one can from 
uncertain data) : videri (of wha seems to 
one true at fret sight, or as far as on/s 
means of examining and judging extend : 
the construction is, mihi videtur aUouis or 
aliquid, or videor with infinitive : Ibdieve 
you speak the truth, videris vera loqui : / 
believe that I see you, te vidAre viaeor) : 
opinari (to be of opinion, to imagine: of 
conjectural beluf founded on what sees» 
probable grounde) : «ptmtun or in animum 
mduoere (to arrive at the notion ; to per- 
suade owls sdf: with injinitite, he believes 
that he may, mdudt animum sibi licArc, 
Cic) : reri (to hold any thing as on^s 
private opinion, formed on reasonable 
ground», &c. : according to Ci^ De Or., 
3, 38, 153, a rather poetical word, which, 
however, may, if used judiciously, give 
spirit and a somewhat antique coloring to 
a discourse ; hence he usee it himself not 
uncommonly, eepsdally in hisvkHosophioal 
works. The piincipal forms that occur are 
the present and imperfect indicative) : ex- 
istimare : dncere (to estimate ; to hold an 
opinion after passing judgment on the 
worth of its grounds, &c. : sBsdmare is 
not used in Mis aeiMe) : censAre (Co ^xh 
nounee j%tdgment with the auAority of a 
censor, or of a senator giving his vote : 
thence to hold any thing to be good and 
profitable t and also to hold an (^pinion da- 
Uberatdif) : autumaie in the sense of ** be- 
Uaring,** ** holding an amnion,'* is not 
without authority (e. g., Paeuv. in Non., 
337, 8; JVor., Son, 3. 3, 45, where «r=cen- 
aeH^, but does not belong to the prose of the 
OiHdenAge: to believe easily, fadle ad- 
dud (not inducQ ad credendum ; focile 
ad credendum impelH: to believe any 
ikbig (habitually and foolishly), alicui i^ 
sennbe ; e. g., Co believe uncertain rumors, 
inoertis mmoribus serrire (Ctes) : IJbm- 
^ believe, (mihi) persuasum or peranasis- 
omum est: hoc or Uhid mihi certe per- 
suadeo, or persuasi : persuasum habAre 
(all = I a m conv inced, with aecueative and 
infinitive: |2p* persuasum habeo is «««dk 
Uis common than miU persuasum est, or 
mM persuasL With mihi persuad only 
a pronoun can stand as the objective: hoe 
raohi persuasi WUh persuasum habere 
the dative of the pronoun is extremely rare, 
the only passage being ribi persuasum 
habebant (Cats., B. G., 3, 3, end). Hence 
avoid mihi persuasum habeo). || 7b 
make any body believe any thing, aHcui all- 
quid or de aliauA re probare (Ctc ; ali- 
cui aliquid creaibile facere ie'New Latin, 
though credibile aliquid fiicere is r^ht, 
Krebs). 7b mahe any body believe titat, 
&C., persuadAre alicui or hoc persuadAro 
alicui, with accusative and infinitive. 1 
shall not be made, led, induced, or per- 
suaded to believe this, hoc ouidcm non ad- 
ducor, ut credam ; non facile adducar (not 
inducar) ad credendum. I am not per- 
suaded to believe that, Sec, non addncor or 
adducar (with accusative and infinitive, 
without any verb of believing} e. g., Ctc, 
Div., 1, 18, 35, nee adducar aut in extia 
totem Etruriam delirare, &c, OrdL ; but 
many MSS, read odducar ut rear, Ac)-* 
to make the people believe, opinionem poptx- 
lo «fierre (Cic). 7 can hardly be induced 
to brieve, iUuc addud rix possum, ut, 
&C. They tried to make the people believe 
that Pompey wished, &c., in eam opinio- 
nem rem addncebant, ut Pompeius cuperD 
videretur. ' I can not but bdteve that, non 
possum in animum induoere, quin, &c. 
(Liv.) lam more inclined to believe, mft- 
gis ut a rbitrer (with accusative and in^ 
jfnitive) inclinat animua (vid. Liv., 7, 9). 
Jfot to believe any body or any thing, aUcui, 
or alicui rd fid^ abrogare, or ^brogare. 
N To believe in any thing, al^uid 


or eredera (L e., m !(• «e- 

for d^trenee bt t wt en arfaitrarl 

▼id. abom: to hdi/ooe <f» a 

Qodtmr m Uk» txuUne* qf * God, Deum 

ease credere; Tim et —raritn erne di- 

viaam arbte-ni: alto Deom or Deoe ere- 

dare [Sat^ Ef^ 96L Deum or Deot pv* 

ten» [Ck^ X^ 1« 46, UMj. Uatee, "I 

Mime m oim 0«d,** not credo in uaam 

Demn, tet credo mum Deum) : credere 

de re (e. g^ mm. mrt bmt loo ready to k«- 

Hem M the todttmrt of katruL fitcilhaii de 

oifio creditur» Toc^ Hitt^ 1, 34) : com* 

probere eUaaid (le giot and» oaomt to en 

mnkU <tf Antef; 0.9^(0 Mimw in tA< in- 

patmct of tktgodsy numen deomm com* 

probve) : to Mttiss in gkoaUy * de urn- 

oria (a«c apectris) credere: * homines 

umfari* In^meCari credere. \\ To believe 

(=^«t /atcA in) a thing or perwon, «U- 

om rei or aUeoi credere : alieui or «Ucui 

rai fidem kaberCf tribnere : attcni red 

(meoer alieui) 6dem ad jan(gare (not fidem 

owe or adhlbire^i e. g^ <o Mmm m 

druHM (L ei, tn xA«<r ooNM^ finte), seimniia 

credwe or fldon adiungere. H &EX.nevx 

MX (tnocrftd panmtMitieaUff)^ quod mihi 

credao yeUm, mahi erede or erode mihi 

(Jfui nOrt «»d ff tOov /uk : mSii credo l*< 

aor« MRnom, kirt credo mihi not «noo». 

aon m Cicero, «B*«n tAe cMtpAon* w fotiUr 

on btlitve tkan on ««). H I bklikts 

{ymmntd pmr mftkttinl lif), credo: opinor 

(pKdo, Ub ^ htKtr, impUea iron^, in 

oinrd or t^-eoidenx propo$ition» : puto, 

imamtadwitMoyiadipeHdauwordor etaute, 

ia flmniemi , bvt rm^ Krebt). ^Aalhdine, 

Be& qoidem ojdnione : ut ego existimo : 

uimihi visos nun: qnomooo miU per* 

nadoo (oo / pmrmimda or pitUr mfnlf: 

pm rmt k ttk a lli f, Cie^ Rooe. Jm,, 8, 6, mi). 

1 1 believa it (oa form of ocwnl), credo 

(TV., And^ 5, 4, 43): hOleca oaamredi^ 

Ml, Ac, hoc yelim dU penitaa per- 

wdoee, or peiauadeas hoc dblTere (wftA 

o fOi M rinf ond ia^mitioe). ^Toht a he- 

liaver (i. e., in CSb^«0* Chiifltum or to* 

nnnChriBddoctrinamwqui; OhilMdaDs 

leea «todioeam one (Jmrniam^ 85^ lO). 

Mora tka» mu/ one will Mwoe, topra 

qoam cuipiam credibfle eat. It ia not to 

U hdieoad, credfijUe non eat, incredibOe 

ea^ fidem ezoedit, a fide abhorret. Who 

flon Mwae itf quia credat? ineredibile 

eat I To mak9 htlitva, cauaa the he- 

U4-» opinioDem alicujua reiprsBbdre: aa- 

ammt, put on, aimulare, aoonnnlare ; that 

he ia laamad, aimulare ae doctum eaae, 

aunnhffodoetrinam; cto A« «a atefc, aimu* 

kre ■giuni, aaaimnlare ae legrum. / 

miU moka baUaaa that I go out, simolabo, 

■anmulabo, qnaai exaam. ij To bx bx* 

LixrxD: (a) aAool«ief|f, credi (wMMraon» 

atif wiA dafiur ofperaon. Anjfbodf ia ba- 

liawd, ahcid CTMittur) : alieui fidea habe- 

tar (Jbotk of ptraom^t aHqna rea fidem 

aliral rei fidea habetnr, trlbuitur, 

ongitnr. Tba dreama «^ mad man muat 

be baiiaami (true), inaanomm Tioia noa 

flffea habenda (Ci&). iiny fAtn^ it 6a* 

' noiotfa, alieui rei al»Y)gatur fidea. 

7b CMtf any IMa^ fo 6« Mieead, alieui rei 

fidem fiBoere,affisrre, or addere: topreiMnC 

aay thmg from being b eU ae e d^ alieui rei 

fidem abrogare : (b) with following tn/hU- 

tiet: credL lam btUeoed^ credor (aUquid 

feebae, dec.) : olao with infinkioe omitted ; 

e^ orlgo animi coelea^ credicur ( Qainc). 

OMt.fbr**Uiabaieoed," theperaonialfon' 

aancHom akould be «aed, the imperaonal 

kdngvarfrmx; hamee, '* it ia beUaaed that 

aiylody i-uiawiWiiil auieide,** not craditnr 

aliquem rcduntarifi morte jnteriiaoe, 

ha creditor aUquio, Sto. 

BELIEVER, qui Teram Chriati doetti* 
Bam aequitar; qui alicujua (e. fu Mu* 
ImnmSm) doctrioam aequitar. Tha be- 
UeaiTa, Teram CtariaCi doctrioam aequen* 
tea.Chriatiana9leglaatndioai: JUigenenUif) 
qa alieui rei fidem habet or credit 

BELKE^ hand ado an, neado an (aub- 
jwaaiot^ quantum opinione angflror, ut 
oftbor^utmeafiRtopmio, credo: fortaaae. 

BELL, eamptaa (a ior^a MI amapand' 
a< e g., cfacrcJb^aB .* tha word and the 

^^^W^y ^^mw^ ^^WiW vMVB^MW »W •»•• \/^^«^v^VWv J • 

tialfBBdyUnm inAdw, oaapanded at the 
dair to anmmon tha an oi nta , Ac ^Hd. 


p. 964. There were alao auek baUa in tha 
hatha, to give notice when theff were open, 
&C. Nola i« a very doubtful word. vid. 
Diet.) Often eea «ay aeroe ; e. g., tkt bell 
ringa for tha bath^ sonot «a tfaermarum 
(Mart^ 14, 163) : the bell ia ringing for 
churchy * eonac oa aacrorum. The door- 
bell rang (,i=i there ieaomdwdf at the door), 
pulaantor forea (L e., aoiae one k$todta) : 
* ^ptianabnlum aonat (according to our 
cuatom). To ring the bell (fU the door), 
pnlaare forea (according to tha andent 
euatom), * agitare tindninabulum fcnium 
(according to our euatom). BeUrfoundar, 
campiinarum fnaor. Bell m a t alf aw cam- 
pananun. BeU'ringer, * agitator cam- 
pan» (canqMmulaa) ; *4ui en agifeat ; ear- 
ton, asdituna. BeUfaehioned, in formam 
campann redaotu. Bell-flcneer, campa- 
nula*^ Bell-wether, Tenrex dux gregia. 
To bear the bell, palmam £erre. 

belle:, pudla or molier pulohra, for* 

BELLOW, mugire, mngltna edera. A 
bellowing, mugitua. 

BELLOWS, foHia. A amith*a beOowa, 
ibUia fabriUa. 

BELLY, Tenter (tha capita that eontaina 
the atowtach and entraila : alao uaed of the 
atomaeh. It r^fera priudpaU^ to tha atom- 
euk ae viewed ertarnalbf ; hence, the bellf 
qf a caak ia dolii venter e^temaUy, dolii 
uterua intemalljf) : rentriculua (atomaeh: 
rentrioulua qui receplaculum oibi eat, 
Cda.) : abddmen (the prominent, fat cot- 
cringe of the bellu, **j>aunch." Hence the 
beat word, whan belly ta uaed, to impln glut- 
tony; e. g^ <o fre (Ae atove qfavufa MMf, or 
to make onde belhf onde god, abdomlni 
natum eaae ; but alao veatn doditum eaae 
or operam dare) : alvua (the lower cavitjf 
of tka bdly, where Ae nutritioue partidea 
of tha food are eeparated from the etcre^ 
meuta, amd the ehirf channel through which 
the latter are eonveifed away) : atomacbua 
(the opening of the atomaeh, and the atom- 
aeh i(M{/', ae the cauae of digeation, by ita 
warmth) : uterua (wondt) : panacea, plural 
(pra-daaaieal, PUmml, ** paunch;"* "pot- 
beUf,** in a depredating aenae) : alveua 
(hold of a ehip). A pot-belly, renter pro* 
miaaua or projeetua. A big beUy, venter 
obeaua, ventria obqaitaa. Big -bellied, 
ventrioaua, or ventmoetia, or ventroaua. 
Bdhf-paina, bdly-ache, tormina ; atrophua ; 
oollQua dolor ; colon (ooUc-paina, colic) : 
to be altering from the belly-acha, tonnini* 
bua or ex inteatinia laborare ; torminibua 
affectum eaae : that haa auchf colicua. 
4pt to have the belly-ache, torminoaua. A 
beUy-band, dngulum ; dngula, 0<iira< (for 
^of^ Ac). Bellu- timber, dbaria. A 
^>^god, abdomini auo natua, ventri de- 
djtui, ganeo, hduo, homo profiindeB gul», 
Epkmii de gxeee poroua. A beuyful, 
MUdetas. Bdk^bound, alvo durfi or aa* 
tricti. Ddly-pinched, fame enectua, con- 
fectua. Belly -worm, lumbricua. \\The 
belly (fa wall, muri venter. Big-bdUed, 
lato utcro (of a eaek, ehip, Sec.) : an^ulla* 
ceua (like a bottle). 

BELLY, «^ promindre, targfire, torod* 
re ; tumeacare, extumeaoere ; impleri 

BELMAN. preco. 

BELONG TO (be tha property of), eaae 
alicujua, aliquiaposaidetaUquid. Thiebook 
Moi^aco me, hicliber eat meua. Towhom 
belong theae aheept cujon pecuat to Ma- 
Ubwua, eat MdiboBL || 7» be the part 
or bueineae of, eaae aUeujua. It bo- 
longetomato do cAis, roeum eat hoc &oe- 
re. That Monjto noi Co «^ efiee, non eat 
nuimuneria. 7b Aejon^ 10 onotW jiu^e, 
ad alium Judicem perandre. || To be 
due, alieui deberi ; alieui tribuendum 
eaae. H To appertain to, relate to, 
pertin&re ad aliqoid ; qpectare ad aliouid ; 
refeni. referendum eaae ad aUquid: ba 
under the dominion of, alioiijue juria eaae, 
in aUcujtia ditione eaoe, aub impOTio aU- 
cu^ eaae : 6e one of, eaae ex: to a happy 
life, ad beafee vivendum pertindra : to any 
onde race, ortom eaae ex alicujua adrpe. 
ib MoN^aoaion^ my>Henda, eatex mefa 
domaetida. To what party do you be- 
long t ci^ partia eatlat fl To belong 
(hma ita place). Thaea veeeda behng in 
tha kitchen, haw vaaa locum annm haiociit 


in culinl 7*Aie belouge demktre (to eoy^ 
&0.), hoc non hi^jua loci eat; hoc allium, 
hoc acmmctam eat a re propoeitfi. 

BELOVED, dilectua, amatua, carua, 

BELOW, prep., aub, aubter, Infra. Be- 
low tha moon all ia mortal, infra Innam 
nihO eat niai mortale. He reclined below 
Eutrapdua, infra Eutrap€lum accubuit 
p In rank or merit, infra. 7^ be be- 
low one, infra aliquem eeee, inferiorem 
eaae aliquo, alieui cedere : in a thing, 
aliqufi re ab aliquo vincL /( if bdae 
oiufe dignity, eat infra alicujua dignita- 
tem : tha mtffeaty ofaprinee, inferiua ma- 
jeaCate prindpii eat U Leee tn Quan- 
tity and va2«e, intra; minor (with ofr* 

BELOW, ode., infra; onbter. Raepect' 
ing^ thie, eee below (in a book), de hac re 
vldeaturinfra. J?W(Aer6e2oio(2otcierdoion), 
inferiua ; inferior. To be aiiuated on the 
river further bdow, ad inferiorem fluminia 
partem aitum eaae. 7*Aey croee over be- 
low, infra or infcriore parte tn^iunt 
From below, ab infcriore parte ; ab imo ; 
ex inferiori lobo (e. g., dicere). H/n (Ae 
Lower World, apud inferoa: the world 
below, in&ri, loca mfema. U Here below, 
hia in terria ; hac in vitA. 

BELT, cingulum: zona (girdle: the 
latter a Qredt term, uaed of the zona vir* 
ginalia, rentoved on the day of marriage, 
and zona muliebria, e^ecui^ of (SrecUtn 
ladiea : of men onljf ae uaed to htdd mon- 
ey, ineteod of a puree : cingulum ia alao 
uaed ae the aubatituteforapuree ; and both 
aa "xon^* in the aatronomical and geo- 
graphical aenae) : oestna (any tie, accord- 
tag to Varro, eapecially the girdle of Ve- 
nue). U For a aword, balteua.' 

BEMiRE, inquinare coBno or Into. 

BEMOAN, deplorare, defl«re. 

BENCH, acamnum, acabellum (little 
bench) : aeoea, aedile (aea(,^eaeraUy) : aub* 
aelliom (at the theatre or the courte) : trana- 
tnmi (of rowere : commonly in plterat), 
II Table or etand of an artiean, 
menaa. A butcher^e benek, laniena || Tha 
bench ofjudgee, conaeaaua. 

BEND, v., fiectere, inflectere ; curvare, 
incurvara. To bend downward, deflecte- 
te : «^noord, auraum fiectere : intoord, in- 
flcctcre: backward, reflectere or retro* 
fiectere, recurvare: ddewaye, obUquaro. 
Bent, bending, inflexua. incurvua ; book' 
ward, recurvatua, recurvua. 7b bend a 
bow, areum intendere, contendere: lo 
bend the knee, vid. Kmxk. Eaey to bend, 
flexibilia. Intb., lo bend, flecti. ae fiecte* 
re, infiecti ; cunrari, incurvari, incurvea* 
cere. || Move, affect, fiectere, move- 
re ; aninioe honrinum oratione fiectere or 
movfira. II Depreee, break, frangere, 
deprimere ; debiUtare ; afflisere. Jn. af** 
fligere et debilitare. Pain doee not bend 
the mind of a brave man, virl non eat 
debilitari dolore, dolori occumbero: to 
bend any bod^e pride, aUcujua auperbiam 
retundere (Phwdr.). \\ Direct any 
whither, dirigere (ad aliquid), conver- 
tere (in aUquid). AU eyee are beta on you, 
omnium ocnii in te aunt conjecti^ W Ap- 
ply: the mind, the thowhta. See, to any 
tkhtg, animum ad aliquid attendere, adji* 
cere, appUcare: cotitatioQea in aliquid 
intendere, omnl co^tatione ferri ad att* 
quid. Bent, intent, atlentua, intentua; 
reeolutdy, obatinatua. Intb., to bend to 
any body, aubmittere ae alieui, aupplicem 
eaae aUcui. Old age bending to the grave, 
nCaa graikUor or decUnata. TAeir hope 
bending neither way, neutro indinata apea. 

BEND, curv&men (probably jhrat uaed 
by Odd: "tend" aa an abiding ataU): 
curvitaa (Afaoroft.) : adundtaa (evroodire ; 
tAe idtter eepedaj^ qf «Aot if teni tmoord ; 
e. 9., of a beak, roatrl) : eurvatura (Vttr., 
Phn.): fiexura (Lucr., Suet: bending 
with reference to other motione tn epoce) : 
fiexua (winding, tuning: pona — in quo 
eat fiexua ad iter Arplnaa, CVc): an- 
fractna (a break in the continuity nf any 
thing*e direction ; e. g., qf a Aorn, Cm 
oonrae of the aun, Ac., but eapecially of a 
roadf hence, from context, anfractoa only 
for a «dim in tha roa^. 

BENDING (the act), flezlo, ioilezi^ 
curvatio^ incurvatia 



BENEATH. To think any thing be- 
neath one^ aliquid inf^ ae positum arU- 
traii; aliqnid infira ae eaaejudicare. Jn. 
aliquid dcspicere ati^e infra se poeitum 
arbitran {to despite u as beneath on^t no- 
tice). To think any thing beneath anff 
body, aliquid infra aficujos officium exis- 
timare (Quint., to think it too low to be hit 
duty). Thinking it beneath them to. Sec., 
inferios m^jestate sua rati (e. g., lamenta- 
ri). To do nothing that it beneath one, 
nihil, quod ipso eit indignum, committe- 
re. Any thing teenu beneath me, aliquid 
infra dignitatem meam positum ridetar. 
\^d. Below. 

BENEDICTION, bona omina; soDem- 
nes preces. 

BENEFACTION, benellcium. 

BENEFACTOR, homo beneflcus : of 
any one, qui beneficia in aliquem confert 
or contuUt, qui beneficiis (or -o) aliquem 
affecit auxit; omavit 

BENEFICE, *beneflcium (not pno- 
benda). A benejieed man^ • bencflcianus. 

BENEFICENCE, bencflcentia. liberal!- 
tas, benignitas. Syn. f» Benkficent. 

BENEFICENT, beneflcus (bendeent; 
fond of doing good to other* : qui altcrius 
causA benigne facit, Cic) : libenOis (giv- 
ing largely from a generous disposition) : 
benignus (/nnd from goodnett of heoH ; 

BENEFICIAL, utilis, efflcax, salataris, 
salQbcr. To be beneficial, utilem esse, 
Usui ctse^ esse ex usu alitnijus : esse ex 
re or in rem alicujus (of a thing) : alicui 
prodesse (of persons and things) : condu- 
cere alicui. 

BENEFICIALLY, utiliter, salubriler, 
commode, bene. 

BENEFIT, benefichun. To confer a 
benefit on one, beneficium alicui dare, tri- 
bucrc, in aliquem conferre or deferre ; 
beneficio aliquem afficerc ; bencfacere 
alicuL Your benefits to me, tua in me 
offida; tua erga me merita. As a benefit, 
pro beneficio ; in bcneficU loco. || Use, 
advantage, utilitaa, usus; commodum, 

BENEFIT, v., conducere, juvare, adju- 
vare ; utilem esse, ex usu esse, usui esse, 
prodesse. saluti esse. Ikta., to ben^ by 
a thing, in rem suam convertere aliquid, 
fructum capere ex re. 

BENEVOLENCE, caritas generis hu- 
mani, humanitas, benignitas, beneticentia. 

BENEVOLENT, benev61us (alicui), 
humuius, benignns, liberalis, beneflcus. 
In a benevolent manner, bene vole (not he- 
nevolentius, benerolcntissime) : benigne. 

BENIGHT, \\ darken, obscurare; te- 
nebras ofi\inderc obducere ; noctem of* 
fiindere. \\ Benighted (overtaken by 
night), nocte oppressus. 

BENIGN, benignus, humanus, liberaUa, 
amicus, beneflcus. 

BENIGNITY, benignitas, Ubcralitas, 
humanitas, beneficentia. Snf. in Benxt- 


BENIGNLY, benigne, humane, human- 
iter, liberaliter. 

BENT,». [ Vid. Bend, •,! JH Side of a 
hill, decliTitas (downwtrd slope), accUTi- 
tas (upteard tlop^. \\ Strain (of the 
poversY contcntio. || Inclination, 
will, inclinatio animi or Toluntatis, vo- 
luntas, animus, studinm, impetus animi ; 
consilium, certum consilium, animus cer* 
tus. II Turn, make, «ay, conformatio, 
forma; natura» ingenium; modus, ratio, 

BENUMB, torporem afferre alicui rei, 
torpore hebetare aliquid ; obstupeiacere. 
Bennmbed, rigidus, rigens -, torpidus, ob- 
Btupefactns. To be benumbed, rigiduiQ 
esse, riggre, torpAre. torpidum esse ; stu- 
p6re: to 6ecom« so, rigescere, obrigescere, 
torpescero, obtorpcscere, stupescere, ob- 
stupescere. The hand it benumbed, ma- 
nus obtorpuit My eyes «ere benumbed, 
torpuerant gene dolore. To become be- 
numbed with fear, pm mctu obtorpescere. 

BEQUEATH, legare: a legacy to one, 
alicui legatum scribere : hi* «hole prop- 
erty to one, aliquem heredem ex asse 
instituere; aliqxiem heredem omnibus 
bonis instituere. He «ho be<iueaUu, lega- 
tor. To «horn something it bejutathedf 


BEQUEST, lecatum. 
BEREAVE, privaro aUquem aliqni rt} ; 
spoUare (and, more strongly, despoliare, 
exspoliare) aliquem or aliquid, or luiquem 
re ; eri^re alunii aliquid ; dctrabere ali- 
cui aliquid or (more rarely) aliquid de aU- 
quo ; orbare luiquem aliquA re (of some- 
thing dear ; of children ; so, also, of heme. 
Sec) ; mnltare aliquem re- (as a puntsh- 
ment). Bereft, orbus, orbatus, &c. : of his 
children, libleris orbatus : of undertiand- 
ing, mente cautns : of hope, spe orbatus : 
«holly, spe dejectns. 
BEREAVEMENT, Jprlvado, spoUatio, 
BEREAVING, 5 orbatia 
BERGAMOT (pear), pirum FalemuuL 
BERRY, bacca, baccnla (little berry) : 
acinus (of those «hieh gro« in clutters). 
Bay-berry, bacca laurL Blackberry, mo- 
rum rubi, mbum. Bilberry plant, vaccin- 
iiim myrtillus (Lin.) : the berry, bacca 
myrtilU. Bearing berriet, baccatus, bac- 

BERYL, beryllus ; chrysoberyllns 
(golden bcryt\. 

BESEECX implorare, obsecrare, ob- 
testnri, cxposcerc, supplicaro, orare. 

B£SEK>I, decgre aliquem, oonvenire 
alicuL Vid. Become. 

BESET, obsid^re,' drcum sedfire, ob- 
sidionem (urbi) inferre, operibus cingere, 
oppugnare, oppugnatione premere, cir- 
cimivenire. || Ifarass, vex, vexare, tu^- 
tare, cxagitare. To beset «iih entreattes, 
precibus fatigare: «ith letters, inquiries, 
obtundere Uteris, rogitando. || Embar- 
rass, in angustias pellcre or compellere; 
UTffgre, premere ; mcludere (especially in 
a debate). To be hard beset, in angustias 
adductum esse, in angustiis esse or ver- 
sari Very hard beset, ad extremum rc- 
dactus : in ultimum discrimen adductus 
(ad indtas redactus, an old expression of 
common Ufe in Plautus, brought again 
into use by late «riters). 

BESHREW, exsecrari aliouem or In 
aUquem, male precari alicui Beshre« 
me, dii me perdimt 
BE8IDF.. Iprep. (nigh to, by the side 
BESIDES, > of), juxta, prope, prop- 
ter, secundimi, preeter ; ad latus aUcuJns. 
To sit beside one, ad alicujus latus sedere. 
7b «alk beside one, a Intere alicujus ince- 
dere. To recline beside one, alicui accu- 
bare. Two sons lying beside their father, 
duo filii propter patrem cubantes. The 
princes stooa beside the king, principcs 
adstabant regi Tb build beside the river, 
secundum flumen sdificare. |j Except, 
preeter (in negative sentences : in affirma- 
tive^ besides this): extra: nisi, prvtn*- 
quam. [Vid. Except.] Nobody think» 
so besides myself, hoc nemini pnetcr nto 
videtur. || Not according to, fram, 
ab. Beside the purpose, ab re. Thie is 
beside the subject, hoc nihil ad rem. || To 
be beside himse^, sui or mentis ncn com- 
p5tem esse, non compdtem eete animo 
(e. g., priB gaudio, for joy) ; non apud se 
esse, mente captum esse. 
BESIDE, I adv., prastcrea, ad hoc, ad 
BESIDES, 5 h»c, secundum ea, ao- 
cedlt, accedit quod, hue acosdit quod, in- 
sAper, ultra, porro. Besidet that, prater- 
quam quod, super quam quod. There 
«ere many things besides which, &c., mnl- 
ta erant preter hsBC, guae, &c. Except 
the captain and a/cw btndes, extra ducem 
paucosque pratferea. And then, besides, 
the dowry is lost, turn prasterca, doe peri- 
it And, besides, my «tfe«ould hear of it, 
atque id porro uxor mea rescisceret 
Besides behig old, he «as also blind, ad 
senectntnn accedebat etiam, nt cncus 
esset Besides, I love my father, accedit 
quod patrem amo. 

BESIEGE, obsldire (lay siege to), 6b- 
sidionem (urbi) inferre, operibus cinsere : 
hold in blockade, obetfdere, in obsidione 
habere or tengrc. The besieged, obsessi, 
circumsessi, obsidione pressL 

BESIEGER, obsessor, obsidens (one 
loho blockades) ; oppugnator («ho attetcks, 
storms a city). 

BESMEAR, linere, obUnere, perUnere, 

ungrre, perungere. td^ Linere, to cover 

«iUi a saeky, adhesive substance: ungere, 

to cover, Acy «ith a greasy, oHy subetanee. 

BESOM, icdp«. | 


BESOT, hifatuare, occaieare. BesoOed, 
fiitnns, vecors, socors: amens, demons. 

BESPATTER, aspergere aUqu& re, or 
aspercere aliquid alicui. Bespattered «ith 
«•«4, luto aspersuf (Hor.). 

BESPEAK, curari or accurari jnbdre ; 
mandare. || Forebode, portendero. 
\\ Indicate, indicare,indicio or indidnm 
esse, signiflcars. 
BESPEW, convomere. 
BESPIT, conspuero, oonsputare. 
BESPREAD, spargere, oonspergere; 
stemere, constemere. 
BESPRINKLE, spargere, oonspei^M^ 
BEST, optimus (generally) ; puldHsrri- 
mus (finest) ; Jucundissimns, suavissimus 
(most agreeable) ; IsBtissimus (most Joy. 
fut) ; exeellentissimus, prastantiaainms 
(most distinguished, moA ftrfect) ; sahi- 
berrimus (most uthaietome) ; oommodisst- 
mus (mott tuitabU, eonveniai^; utiliasi- 
nras (mott prqfUt^lt). The bett (of) meal» 
flos farin». The bett of the yvuthr floe 
(ac robur) Juventutis. The bett years (ef 
life), floe ntatia, astas florena Things 
are not in the bett state, baud lasta est re- 
rum fades. Tb the best of my ressem- 
branee, ot nunc maxime vaendin, ut mea 
memoria est To the bett of my power, 
pro viribua ; quantum in me smun est ; 
ut potero. What think you is best to be 
donst quid fadendum censes t Thesf 
knew not «hat «as best to ds, neseiebant, 
quid prestaret To do hA best, 8amm4 
ope anodti ; omni ope atque operA eniti, 
ut, &C. ; nihil inexpertnm omittere; It 
is best for you to be silent, option tscxieria. 
To put the bett centtruetion upon, in meU- 
orem (mitiorem) partem aocipere or in- 
terpretari. To make the bett of every 
thing, lucrum undecumque captare, utid- 
itatem in omnibus rebus sectarl My 
best friend ! optime f earissime I At best, 
summum, ad summum, ouum plurimum. 
(I Best, adv., optime, «cc Best of all 
(chieMy), potissime, potissimnm. Best, ba. 
yond eompariton, tam bene, ut nihil supra. 
BESTIAL. Vid. Beastly, Bbutau 
BESTIR onift telf, mov«re m (of the 
body); expersisd; omncs nervos inten- 
dere. Not tooestiron^s telf (sit idle), do- 
sidem seddre. Not to bestir on^s stslf 
mudi in a thing, levi brachlo agere all- 

BESTOW («m/«r, give), dare, tribuer«, 
conferre, imperthno, donare, dono dare, 
larsiri: a benefU upon one, bentfidnm 
coUocare apud aliquem, alicui dare or 
cribuere, conferre in aliquem : rich pre^ 
ents on one, muneribus magnis cumulus 
aliquem. (| Lay out, apply, insumere, 
impenddre, consumere, locaro. collocare, 
conferre : time on something, tempus con- 
terere, consumere in re : cart, ailigenee 
on something, in aliquA re diligentiam ad- 
hib^re, Industriam locare, studium coUo- 
care: time «dl, tempus bene locare or 
collocare : money better, pecuniam meUua 
insumere. || Oive (a leomaWi in mar- 
riage, collocare in matrimonium, collo- 
care ; nuptnm dare, locare or collocare. 
TV» beeto« oni^s se^f (of a «oman), alicui 
nubere ; (of a man), aliquem ducere in 
matrimonium or ducere. || Place, lay, 
put a«ay, pooere, reponere, condere ; 

BESTIUDE, cruribus divaricatis super 
aliquid stare. || Step over, transgrftdi : 
the threshold, intrare Umen. 

BET, s., spondo (the «agei^; pignus 
((A« stake). To make a bet, sponsionem 
facere («ith one, cum aliquo). To «in a 
&<(, sponsionem or sponsione vincere. To 
lay any bet, quovis pigndre certare. 

BET. v., sponsionem facere (cum ali- 
quo), pigndre certare or contendere (cum 
aliquo). To bet something, aliqnid in pig^ 
nus dare. Say «hat you «ill bet me, to. die, 
quo pignore mccum certes. 

BETAKE hisnsdf to any place, se con- 
ferre aliquo, petere locum, capcssere lo- 
cum ; concodere aliquo (retire to a place) : 
ire, profidsd aliquo (go, travel any tphith- 
ei^: to a person, se conforre, accedere ad 
aliquem; adire, convenire aliquem: to 
the country, rus ire, concedere rus. He 
betook himself to Argos to dwell there, Ar- 
gos habitatum concessit \\Fly to, have 
recourse to, fugere, conAigere, perfo- 


gete, reftigere, md or in locum ; m red- 
fere aliqiio (Co retrtat to) : m forwon or 
tkmg, perftiffere, confogere, remgere ad 
■Uqoem or aiiqaid ; aUc^jos ret jwrfngio 
vtL H Apply tOy ae cooferre ad aliqtnd, 
antamun «1 aUqoid attendcre, adjicere, 
■pplicare; co^tatkmaa ad aUquid dirige- 
re, ad or bi abqoid intendere. 

BETHINK himMif, reminiaei t^cxtin 
vA or aHquid; memoriam rei repetere, 
rerocare ; rea mihi redit in memoriiun : 
venit mihi in mentem res, roi, de re ; 
resi^riacere, ad ae redire, se coUigere. 7b 
itAtnk kimtelf better^ aententiam mntare; 
a mi aentendA discedere ; pcanitet; con- 
sfiom mutare. 

BETIDE. Vid. Bxtall. 

BETIMES, matOrctsmpeatlve. ||5oon, 
Iveri (tempore), mos. Jam jamqoe. ||Be- 
IMM« m the mornitu^y bene mane. 

BETOKEN, indicare, indidom or in- 
dido eaae, aignificare. ]) Foretoken^ 
porfeendere, prsnuntiare, alicii^ua rei 
ctae pnB nuTioiim . 

BETRAY (Co eiimie«), prodere, tradcre. 
ILeate in the lurek, deatituere. H Re- 
9tal, di$elo»«t prodere (oa, crimen, 
▼ttho, conadoa, finnem^ ; enuntiare (oa, 
covosilaaa; Cooim, alicm) ; deferre afiquid 
tr de aliqaA re (<u on informer ; to one^ 
ad aUqoem); proferre (jMy aecreta animi, 
coMiUa). To betrttf owf» mif, ae prodere. 
Toor voice frecrsy* yfra, te rooe noadto, te 
ex Toce cognoaco. To he the mark 
a/, esM {with genitive). It betray» a dull 
hnin to, &c eat t%rdl ingenil (with m- 
Mkioe). H To lead aicay, aliquem in 
or ad anqoam reminducere, ilUcere, pelli- 


BETRAYER, proditor. 

BETROTH, apond«re aUcni aUqnam, 
defponddre alicni aliqaam (dccpondere 
i$ meed aUo of the Jkher of the man, 
TertHL, And^ U 1. 75). To betroth one» 
•df apooaalia fiK^ere: Co a woman, de- 
■pood£re aibi aUqaam. To be betrothed 
t» m wkan, alicni deapondcrl She waa al- 
ready betrothed to the youth, jam dcatinata 
erat jnTcni A man betrothed, de«poneua 
(deaponsatna ia pott-eUutical in. SuetonUie, 
and rare), sponaua. A (woman) betrMhed 
to a man, apooaa, deaponaa alicuL 7%« 
parcae«freCrocAed,nK>naL TowhomLavinia 
waa betrothed^ cui Larinia pacta fuerat 
7b betroth a peroon to any oody, despon- 
d£re dignem aUcuL 

BETTER (M to the outward aenae), meli- 
or; pukbrior (aiore beautifut): jncundi- 
or, snarior {more agreeable) : latior («tors 
>«/W). Better timea, tempora Intiora, 
fendora : weather, * tempestaa laetior, 
* ccBhim mftiofl. \\ In retpeet of the na- 
ture, deatination, object, andolaothe 
•ae, tffa thing, roeUor ; potior, aoperior; 
pr««tantior, praratabilior ; opportonior, 
commodior, magia idonena (more auitable, 
eonvmient) : aalubrior (more wholeaome) : 
ntiUor (aiore uatful, profitable)', a better 
aeaaom, commodiua anni tempna: Co b» 
better aa a aoldier than aa a politician, meU- 
omn esae bello, qoam pace : to ehooae a 
betttr plaee for hia camp, magia idonenm 
k)cam cartrli deligere. 7b be better in 
m m ithi ng than another, vincere, aupenre, 
vnectare aliquem aliquft re. 7b make 
oater, c or rig e re (qf correcting what ia al- 
together wrong andfauUff) : emendarc (of 
removing whatever fauUa any thing may 
haoe). j Vid. to Bktteb.] We are better 
a§, mdiore eumna oonditlone, meliore 
weo flunt res noatrflB. It ia better, mcUus 
or ntiua eat, pmatat To have a better 

r'nion of one, «equiua, benigniuajudicare 
aBqua \In a moral view, melior, 
potior, prsstabilior. 7b be better, meli- 
orem, pmferendum eaae ; prawtare, an- 
tf^F^Dero. 7b become better, meliorem 
ftt-ri ad bonam frusem so rec^xere, so 
eoIUg«re. in Tiam recure. ^Aa to /iealth, 
Ac, medor. 7 oa» 6^ter, mclina mihi fit; 
Bdhia me babeo : meliuacule (aoai<ioAaC 
better) vmbi eat I am getting better, con- 
vdeaco (ex morbo) ; meUor fio ; aanit*- 
tem rec^o ; ex incotiomodd valetudine 
anerso. g The batter (the advantage^ 
anpehoritf). The Bomana had the better 
intheleaa important battlaa, parria prceliia 
Bomana rea anperior erat. 7b get, have 
He brntTf aUqoem rincere, superare; 


aoperiorem fieri; auperiorem or victorcon 
diacedere ; auperiorem fieri boHo (in the 
war). The patridana had the better of it, 
rictoriapenea patrea erat Anger had the 
better qjpity, plua ira quam misericordia 

BETTER, v., meUna faeere or efficere, 
corrigere (to correct what ia all wrong), 
cmendare (to remove thefautta qfwhat ia 
partiaUy wrong). To better h»a waya, 
morea auoa mutare, in riam redlre, ad 
bonam frugem ee redpere: hia drcum- 
atanoe», ampUficare fortunam, augdre 
opea. Hia arcumatancea are bettered, ejua 
rea aunt meliore loco. T%tt may be bet- 
tered, emendabiUa, aanabilig. Paat better- 
ing, inaanabilia. || Advance, augSre, 
ampliorem &cere : ampliare rem (Hor.). 

BETTER, adv., meHua, &c. Somewhat 
batter, meliuacule. || At a better pace, dti- 
ua. 71« thing begina to go on hetter, rea 
meUua ire indpit To attend better, dili- 
gentius attendere. 7b think better qfone, 
aequiua, bcnlgniua, Judicare de aliquo. 
To know better, rectiua scire, nosae, Intel- 
ligere. 7b get on better, dtius progrCdi 
(of a peroon'a progrea») : rea mislitts ire 
indpit (of an undertaking). 

BETTERS, superiores loco or digni- 
tato, or auperiorea. 

BETTOR, qui pignOre contendit or 

BETWEEN, inter. Between the dty 
and the T*iber, inter urbem ac llbcrim. 
Betaoeen hope andfear, inter spem metum- 

2ue. H Atao by other twma of expreaaion : 
etween the armiea lay a bridge, pona in 
medio erat To aeeall above, btruath, be- 
tween, omnia supera, iufera, media ri- 
dere. A plain lice between the dty and the 
river, planities urbem et fluvium dirimit 
A apace between, intenrallum, spatium in- 
teijoctnm ; tempua inteijectum. 7%« noae 
aa between the eyea, natus oculia interjec- 
tus. There ia a friendahip between you and 
him, tibi cum iUo amicma eat : iotercedit 
illi tecum amicitia : there ia a Ukeneaa be- 
tween ua, inter noa aimBes aumua. Many 
wordapaaaed between ua, muItH rerba ultro 
citroque habita aunt To make a diatinc- 
tion betweai two thinga, duaa rea discer- 
nere. Between ouraelvca, quod inter noa 
liceat dicere: thia ia between ouraelvea, 
hvac tn tecum habeto ; boo tibi aoli dic- 
tum puta. 

BEVERAGE, potua, potto. 

BEVY, grex. || Company, caterra, 
drculua, grex, globue. 

BEWAIL, TK., deplorare: defl«re (the 
former erpreaaing more of paaaionate aor- 
roW): hmwntaii (of a long-continued wail- 
ing: aliquid: alao like our *' lament f* 
c. g., nlicujtM cwcitatem) : »gro or acerbe 
ferre: dolire: lugfire (grieve for, &c.) ; 
comploraro (of teverat). To bewail any 
bodfa death, deflSre, complorare allcujua 
.mortem; de morte alici^ua flfere; alicu- 
jus morti illacrimari; alicHJua mortem 
cum fletu deplorare : to bewail the living 
aa well aa the dead, complorare omncs 
pariter vivoe mortuoaqne : on^a own and 
one^a country» ealandtie», deplorare ae 
patriamque (<f. Lie, % 40) : one a miafor- 
tune, deplorare de sola incommodis. 
II Intb., tfere : plorare. 

BEWARE, cav6rc (dbl), pnecavfire. 
If you are wiaa you will beware of him, si 
aapia, ilium cavebia. To beware that one 
doea not hari you: to beware of any body, 
cavftre aliquem. You muat beware of him, 
tibi ab ittn carendum. Beware how you 
believe, ca^re credoA. Theybeware of acme- 
thing, cavetur aliqnid. Beware what yo« 
^, Tide quid agaa. Bewart of an inquiai- 
tive peraon, percunctat or em fugito. 

BEWILDER. Vid. Perplex. 

BEWITCH, fiwdnftre, eflascinare (prop- 
erly, by'^an evil eye,** faacinus : then alao 
by worda and other meana which ahould be 
expreaaed, vlsu, linguA. voce atque HnguA) ; 
incantare (by apella : Jbrat in Appuleiua,for 
incantati 'lapiUi «n 'Horace haa not thia 
meaning). An eye bewitchea my lamba, 
oculus mihi fencinat agnoa. || Fio., ca- 
pcre, rapere, delinire. permulc§re : of be- 
witching beauty (puella, &c.), cujus forma 
rapit (e^ Prop., 2. 96, 44), or * pulchritu- 
dine, formA, Tenuatate insignia. 

BEWRAY. Vid. BxTEAT, Show. 


BEYOND (with motion m a eertain di- 
rection), trans; super. 7b go beyond, 
traosire, transgredL || On the other 
aide, trans; ultra ( p r ep oa i t i on and ad- 
verb^. One that ia beyottd, qui trans all* 
quia est ulterior. I waa beyond aea, trans 
mare fuL Beyond thia vUla ia another^ 
ultra banc rlllam est alia. Beyond the aea, 
trans mare, tranamarinus. || Afore than, 
above, aupra; plus, ampUua. Beyoni 
ten thouaand, supra dccem millia, ampli> 
ua decem millia. There ia nothing beyond 
wiadom, sapientilk nihil prwstanuus. To 
honor any one beyond all othera, aliquem 
prime loco habere, ponere ; aliquem pne- 
ter cetcros omncs cdere. Beyond due 
meaaure, aupra modum. Beyond what i$ 
auffident, ultra quam satis est: ia credible. 
supra quam crc^iibile eat 7b go beyond 
(aurpaaa, excel), superare, pnestare, ante* 
cellcre. Nothing can go beyond, nihil ul> 
tra potest, nihil potest supra or aupra po- 
test Do not aim at what ia beyond your 
reach, ne sutor ultra orepidam. Beyond 
hia atrength, supra vires. 7b go bqfond 
hia atrength, vires excedere. Beyond ail 
doubt, sine ull& dubitatione. Splendid be- 
yond deaaiption, supra quam ut deacrlbl 
possit eximius. 

BIAS, momentum. || Inclination, 
incnnatio animi or voluntatia. A biaa to- 
ward any thing, inclinatio ingrnii, animi, 
&c^ in aliottid (q/l«r Seneca, inclinatio in- 
geniomm in quaedam vitia). 

BIAS, r., inclinare ae. 7b be biaaed 4n 
favor of the Stoica (to indine to their aide), 
mclinare sc ad Stoicoa. Biaaed in favor 
qf the Carthaginiana, ad Pomos inclina- 
tior. The judge ia biaaed m our favor, ju- 
dex incliuatione voluntatis propendct in 
nos. 7b be biaaed (pr^udieed), opiniono 
pra^judicatA dud. 

BIB, «. Cfor a chiUta breaaf), cinotns or 
fascia pectoralis infantum. 

BIB, v., \\to drink, potare« bibcre; 
aorbillare (eip). Alwaya bibbing, bibax. 

BIBBER, potor, potator. 

BIBLE, liters sanct», divine; libri 
divini; arc&nsB aanct» religionla litem 
(Lart.) : biblla, plural (Modern Latin). 

BIBULOUS, bibulus. 

BICKER, minOtis prtBliis inter se puff. 
narc : velitori (pra-ciaasical : nescio quid 
voa velitati eatia inter vos duos. Plant.). 
II Quarrel, inter se altercari, rixari, jur- 
giia certare : convicio decertare. || Q uiv- 
er, coruscare, trcmere. 

BICKERING, prcBlium leve, levins, 
parvulum ; pugna concursatoria, procur- 
satio : braiel, Jm^um, rixa. 

BID, \\ invite, invitare or vocare: to 
aupper, invitare or vocare aliquem (nd 
coenam) : to aiy houae, aliquem invito 
domum meam. || Coaiinaiid, order 
Jubere, iraperare, praedpere, dicere, man- 
dare. ^ you would heaoe dime aa I bade 
you, si metun imperium exsequi voluissca. 
You had beat do aa I bid you, tu fac ut 
dixi, si aapia. Do aa he ahall bid you, 
quod imperabit, fadto. Aim and bid the 
woman come hither, curre, muliercm ar- 
cease. || 7*o bid at a aale, lic£re, lici- 
tari, hcitationem &oere. To bid againat 
one, aliquo licente contra licerL 7b bid 
an aa, lleeri asse. To bid upon, aUquid 
liceri. Fig., to bid fair, promittcre ali- 
quem or alianid ; spem facere, dare ali- 
cujus rei ; aliquid sp^rare jubere, bcno 
de se spemre jub*re. || Proclaim, pro- 
nuntiare. || Denowncf, denuntiare. Bid 
defiance to a peraon, provocare aliquem 
(dicdlengt) : contumAcem esse in ali- 
quem ; alicui reaistere : a thing, contu- 
raacem esse adversus aliquid (e. g., impc- 
ria patris) ; contumadter spemerc (e. g., 
imperia volidiorum) : contemnere aliqmd 
(e. ft., omnia jura humana) ; obviam iro 
alicui rei. se ofierre alicui rei (e. g., peri- 
culis). II / bid one welcome, aUqucm sal- 
vdre jubco, alicui aalutem do, benignc ali- 
quem excipio. To bid good-morrow, aalu- 
to, salvcre jubeo. 

BIDDER, vocator ; licitator, Ucena. 

BIDDING, invitatio; jussus, jussum, 
imperium, imperatnm ; licitatio ; pronun- 
tiatio. Sec. 

BIER, feretmjn; lectlea (for the rich), 
sandapflia (for the poof). 

BIG, magnna (without any aeeeaaorj/ no- 


•fan: tft ctti I» iwrni) : fnaidi (bU 
tkmaitaterynabnitftlraflltmdf fn i d 
mrt o pp tm j d to eiiliK, miDottu, e^Ofnuj^ 

1KU, making n tmpomr kmjnalon) : 
Ugtat (niuanl^ tev^ ^V^: to- 
rnukU Iftmfnilf Urg€) : TiMiu <« lirfi 
ai u k( li^Uw n ngulmitf ifJrriK). 
Jif- Tsalui AC ImmuilA: la&pliii «t grtn- 
^ : HMiltMiu (r»Bp) : proevnu (faU, 

iBMir (■«* «iStJH), rbiipiWli KM HI 
t^ uahnliliulirTalmdliiltentepto- 
bik. TnfaMWf a«wi » * t<im- 
pUie BugnttadlDBni ■Ikujiu ni Tliii 
gen li ut Mg firi", bac toM D^lor 
OR qum pn> coition inea. s m mi iir 
1^, •BtHnmilii. Vof big, pumlgiiiu, 
pamam : laig^ '^ lagat : AHuda^ 
de^r «D, pragnadu : iiHiiwul|r to, tat- 
nu, hniDMil». A tig man, bniao DugBl 
coiporla. homo pukiUo, homo procorud. 
7*«i lua Mf Iwl, UK afltD, DUO. 
Oron A^, Hdiilnu, frudli. 7b grav 
hig, nobwctre. Smn™*«i Uggir, grudl- 
BKiiW BIggir CM, (crpU npacior». 
n J'rwsoBfcgrwUs.prBgnun. (%>itd( 
Mf «u rB^ inilda mi)»!, (nm Im- 
bra Dub«: ti( «wd Bted <• ^f leiLh 
«Imcn^ DotOB pwtflrlt imbn*. A doy 
t^BUJ^dlo&ldii. H ^Kti; )>1«u, 
gimrlL |«iB0ll(» («wtli r^i, &c,), 
Imnsiu, tamldu. ||rii//'til ii|i. Itmild; 
tnineiu. nmldiu, turgldiu, htaidii. ^ 

pgllgg ; >cBtla, TendilMlo. Big leoko, 
■DperriHnu grutAe, 

BIOOT, hon» nipgntlliDtu. 
Bjr«TED, npenciljonu. 
BIGOTBY, DlmU Bt •npendliaH 

Bilberry, <«■ nijniiu : fimu, ^ 

BILE, ^^"j^ ^ iOt, billonu. 
HI», IbbriTb 

hilioia. II Sort, uIcuA, fn- 
ra. LMaklO, 

£Sn*khl^" ^" ^''■''CS™'' '^ 

BILL, ||> >»*. fill, lih nM 

BJLL, fl rail, bdal (gndliii) ; i 
ri (d/ taUiiny : of account, Index I 

tor ; » «Aid oit^ bUcuI anuthun or repu- 
dlvD rvmitton : tf tie k an ge, «jngnphfu 
.^ »U (MjnUa M tiftl, «jngriplii, qUB 
prmteat, or pneHna d&e dcbetar ; trr pt- 
onVo, qnn n iTDgriplis prsaeiu, i?rprB- 

QHnw Jsgu. irngnphi, eni dlci Tkediiu 
piliiu uppoiiB at. or qoB In diem Tice>- 
Imiini iHimuu debecor (oU afur Mart, 
JMg^ i>, I, 13: )i dlee apporiu lesilo 
bon 01^ pmeeu debetor, UJp-, 4^ 1, 1 ; 

•Mipera; tegem 

4 ; qood Tel prstoDt vel «i die dvi po- 
teel). Biaafindirlmnt, llbellu. £iU( 
^■maKif.lndicHiBomionim. I|i'<-ir- 
PdJid [<B, rotmlo. loi ~ ' ' 
tW, leieni «■ rogulDtw 
^ n^IiOHm sr Isiem 
■dicenC^AlapMfiJi): a 
nnUoMia or lenm pi 

(t^tctaOf t/ tiM tmrBV). suui-iou, 
tahdiB HDUoria Riiptm. tabdls bkndl^ 
■phOU blKDdji. « l"fe*.< /.r qaar. 
tin, ■tEMcn honiilU sdlituk. «Log 
afwttd. VH-Mm. 
BILLET {«kU bg\ Ugmun, Hfnnm 

angimgword., l^ ' tMW« homllli mffiUim 
donuv ; mlUttt per hoapHla dUpooei^. 
Tt nan U. «oUfai ^« i4f U«H, mm- 


BILLOW, BdcIum. 

BIND. ||«tal*, /(Ktr, coDlgMB, Hb- 
ebc eoniirfaigBn. Obs^ Ugan. copnlk- 
n, ca Uni fir ill ftirjiam ^ htiftuglt- 
gaten ibuan=aoatitn, le Stiu far 
Ott parftit of Uhiriag frn hwhihiim 

flturt, ctoiu. (llqaeni * 

ciKDb ThKln. TinmUj 

■tringero. 7b Uad ent 

qDHtfupddem olkqaon - — -^^„— — 

Fia., ID iiad ■!> (Mt Eti tmdi 4^), lU- 

IfMieii, (i^ Ugira, 

■ra, ilUMrs, di 
■i rerinore: •' 
aaoMt vm ivcw, ngw ndiilnBa cmiiini 
c<^imi. Jh^doattotktttakttiiiifiua^ 
■Uinre id pahiiiL TO btad oiUt \anit 
tjSadkltiack, muu reUfUm nunu D- 
lifuv^ or nUgtro poft torgum. \\Fttlett 
logttktr i*it a iP*olft colllgire. rln- 
rira; ilu ka^ into a knal, criaet In nb- 
dumcoten: jlo|r,fijefiamTiach¥: tlitavtt, 
Dunlpvloi coUigere, rineiiv. Tc Mai a 
batk, libroiD comuiQgen. H CeaLcat, 
Unn, Tindn, \\ Fii, colU^gui, To 
Mad a trndy too, eolum irenoiiim irbo- 
ilbiu, berbli. Ac. coUliuc. |{ TV j>ti>d 
«^ alllgtre. debgare : abUgaro ; « ninid,]lnireTDlDUa: tl« fH, oculum 
TOiind ap lAl book in su ivl- 

' te bOHad vp ia VOtm, mA ta- 

coUigue. II To i«ioriia tattltri. lo- 
TDlre» ; iiulnero ■J^u] «liquid, |L 70 

calUgare i (^Jongcrn, coDneceere >uqald 
com «Uqui n. ^U (Ac v^lia irfl fioviuf 
logMktr, onmee Tlrtule us 

pere, obacrlsgore : i» « ire 

^irejunndo. To bt >oa td) 

fry joftfUiw cDDatflc UD 

&J!). \\To «■.("■' iP 

m, obllgnro, obatriDgera u 

»E »<niri4 u a jbui pon [■- 

tuDieteo ■dcflruoxped i. 

7b ^ AoHIld >0 Lk f^HT ^ .^ c£ 

todere «lllgiLtuTu or UUgmtuoi eaia. 7^ 
biad a «a* frfr n oadt, aiiqatuo Hcn- 

u tllcul obBoxlDm one. 

<■'<>(, ubrlogEre. 71: i 

u uQiogEre. | 7'e 

ilTOluj (Lir,). 

^ , ,— Tit«m ftbnijui bar. 

1 am mr xa tiegroflltr, 

flIOGRAPHVrTilimim acrintlo or di^ 
■cripdo ; Tits : p/ I 

BIRCB, betnlM. Strctn, e bMuU fac- 
tiu, A itrck-rod. rlrgt beluliH. 

BIRD, iyIi, TolDrril (vohicrifl, ojty 

(uprrlanir ^*e bird): piwpu ifj-M 
l3u JUgil of Yckick aattnt itBV der^ed) ; 

lag 1^ Urdi, taemiviD. TV rmcli hiriU, 

Mrd-ctgicana. WfiUWvIkiu. Bfrd- 
eai^ AinilA HcupotoriL H Ftllett, ho- 

BIETH. II ■ comiag inio (i/-^ i 
u. A /otiir t* tM*, pour uEio 
lUni (gmtnu) «M, Fnm oajt bktk i 
nde 10 InciiDibuUL Bt^Ort aaf bpd^ 

II Origin, r. 

quia natua eat Bktk^af, die* rmu lU- 
ipiU nktaa (fonitoa) bbI ; dka vaaUi, aitt 
niOU*. Btrtk-dof prtttai, matraa aaali. 
dum. Batkflact, locua qno (urha In 
— « '"— ila HBlliu eat ; urba patiia, 
Lia MrMock IMRU eu AtheniL 
, f («ft *i^<>a j*f , trrigo. or- 
- " "-raetUa, ductal, 
dH ar hand (ritacnra 
igaotlt btrtk.ltao- 

I Mrt* a T^iaccia^ 
.. .^—^3L, DTtQ TluevlMuu. 

partna, paiturL 


ttckaical urw ia tkatiogf, 

,rw« or snauvr " — " 

prlndpctuf asl _ _ 
~u): mtatia prmrtlttlitiTa (Utp-)- 
BltJCUIT, bnccfilluuni (lau), ^pU ea 


biteaH). II Coafitii 
pinLi daldArluj. 

LiBic M oflUa. JUl ty ^ offslilB, ftr». 
Udm. il Msntl, JiKJl pitct, mica, 
iiiKi*i frosRun. ^ Ml a/- bud, nncli 
pula. lA lilllc, puUDfum. AToiaili, 

deia. 7b nail a t^ pinlum or paiillif«r 

TEiTCH, BiKttdog. cula fcmloijor 

BITE. mord«re (itftkcU, 
biaa aardt, aflkt tattt) : pi 

iagcadrr). AMuk-anlf, 

IgClB tit lilt 

Brr; idiqnid. Dogt AiU, 
nbiuikt dan {ofad^ 
B humum. To hit If, 

BITING, mordena. mordu (proprlt 
aai iganUr^) ; acldnl (« u uaU) i 
BFoleHtaa {JiguratitEiy, autiig, i^iagiwr)- 

■ojl, aaprrio™ fccrfiic. A bttbig JraClo- 

IWto. J»fl.V<u 

Brn'ER. II U lail 

BlOrr aid, fri«ua acertum, 

vwp ^idrr^, i^uaiaaiine Acre. 7b «cam* 

aliqiem. To rrpnvk mil bUrrtf, aapcn 
Yitaperan aUqiiem, Biacrif aagrf, peri' 
ntoa. Lracundii ioflamiiuitnt. 

BITTERNESS, anuTindo {froftrlf 
aadfgaralittifj, aniarllaa ifrof^i Alt 
\Vla.^ and amazltlei. OaiiLi lot gtod 
Oat nDarttada) ; aMitiilH CkvabiHi^ 


imJHmdiituns <»i*»miunu 9kU^; grtri- 
tas (violtnec, vekemence) ; in. bflis, mlium 
(flM^rr, hau)% sgritudo, mcBror (frief). 
A htuamee* •funtt, amaritado vocia. To 
wriu to one mtk great biuemet», acerbb- 
a^Tiu^ alicni •cribere. 

BITTERN, ardea steUaris (Lm.). 

BITUMEN, bitamen. 

BITUMENOUa, bitandneua, bitamiiia- 
tM> bitnminosm. 

BIVOUAC, ezcubi» in annia. 

BIVOUAC, «n In armia ezcnbare, pro 
eaatris excubare. 

BLAB, V. &, efferre (forai or in Tnlgua), 
proferre (foras), enuntiare (foraa). 

BLAB, «^ rnlgator, tam^genUfr; gar- 
ruhu (vrtttiltr\ 

BLACK, ater (pppoMd to albua; j^f»- 
ntie«ty, moumfuly calamitout) : niger ((9»- 
med CO candidiu) : puUiu (dnfy, dingy 
llock, bf naturt or by dbri) : fuacaa {block- 
Ukte-e^o/a Mn bttnud bf tis tu») : 
itratns, pulIatuB (drested in blaek) : atrox 
(atrociom, korribie) : «celcBtus (*ecitr»ed) : 
triBtia, tstricu» ighomg, 9uUen). To 6«- 
came black, mgceacece. To be black, ni- 
grixe. 7b be someackat black, nigricare. 
Blaek and btue, lividuc. The block art, 
an magica. /> block and wkUet icriptua : 
to have a thing under black and lokUe, 
fidem HterBTum habere. A ek^ blade witk 
doud*, codam obscurum. Blackberry, 
norum rubl, mbom : btuk, rubna. Bloat' 
bird,mcTvl^ Black*mhk,faberf6mxivs. 
Bloek-thom, pmnua aQveatria ; pronus 
gpooon (L^y. 

BLACK, A^ color nigor ; atramentom. 
I Black drees, puUa veatia, pnlla Cp'i»- 
rel); veatia or ctiltaa lugubria, Miualor, 
BOTde&. Dressed in black (jnouming), 
aor^datoa ; pullatos, aOiaCua, reate lugubri 
T^ttitas. 11 The black of a tking, a^ 
nun, nigruBL || A negro, iBUiiopa, Afer. 

BLACKEN, 9^ 11 ma Ac black, deni- 
grare ; infoacare (vtake blackish), \\ Dork- 
en, obscure, nigrum focere. The heov- 
CSS were bleiekened, caelum nuUbua obduc* 
torn eraL || Defame, de fkmA or exia- 
ttmatkme aUci^jua detrahere ; conflare or 
condtiare aJiciii Inridiam. 

BLACKISH, oubnigcr, nigricana; fua- 
ena (jivk-coUtredy dusty). 

BLACKNESS, nigritu ; nigror, nlgri- 
tndo, color niger. || Moral, atrocitaa, 
foBttiiaa, imnumitaa. 

BLADDER, vesica. A littU bladder, 

BLADE, fi of grasses, berba; grami- 
nb berba (of grass) : culmua (green stalk 
of com). To be in tke blade, in herbA ea- 
ae. H O/ as oar, palma, pafanula. || Of 
a knife or sword, lamina. || The 
sword itself, ferrum, enais. [| Brisk 
fellow, homo kacirua, petulana, levia. 
Ac; homo. U The shoulder-blade^ 

BLAJN, poatala; papula C/rom Aeof)' 

BLAMAbLE, ) repreheodendua, 

BLAMEWORTHY, $ vituperandua, 
re^rehenaione or lituperatione dignua; 
Titiosua (faulty) : malua (bad). 

BLAME. V. a., reprehendere (to blame 
in afriendhf way, for the purpose of setting 
a aum rigkC) : vmiperare (to rehuke for 
ike purpose of bringing a wan to a con- 
fession of his fauU, to shame, and repent- 
ance): culpare (to lay the blame on, ali- 
ooem or aliquid : to be blamed for any 
ming, culparl ob aliquid ; in aliquo : de- 
sernediy, mcrito): incrcpare (in a loud, 
way) : improbare (to declare die- 
Uion of). To blame one m a 
idb/ manner, aliqucm amice repre- 
To blame one for a tking, rep- 
rebendere aliquem deuliqu^ re or m 
afi^ re. I am not to be blamed for this, 
a me Iubc culpa procnl eat To be to 
Home, in vitio ease ; in culpA eaae. We 
art so muck the more to blame, nobia eo 
mlBua ignoacendum eat. 

BLAME, s^ reprehenaio: vituperatio, 
eulpatio, objargaao. To fall into blame, 
reprdiiendi, Tituperwl, in vituperatloQem 
▼«iire,eaitere,incidere. To deserve blame, 
inTitioMac I confess myself to blame for 
these things, hasc me& culpA fateor fieri. 
To lay the blame upon one, culpam in aU- 
qnem con&rre, tnmaferre (this latter, from 
vnis sdf on another) : culpam aUcui at* 


tr&oere, waaignare. One passes the blame 
over to the other, canaam alter in alterum 
confert \\ Fault, vicium, cuJpa; noxia, 
noxa; crimen. 

BLAMELESS, non reprehendendusi 
non iricuperandna ; probns ; ab omni vido 
Tacuua ; integer ; aanctua. A blameless 
course qf Ufe, aumma morum prubitaa, 
Tit» aanctitaa. I'o lice a bUmeless life, 
aancCe Tirere. 

BLANCH, album, pallidum fiEicere, red* 
dere ; inaolare (to bleach m tke sun). 

BLAND, lenia, mitia, placidua, blandua. 

BLANDISHMENT, blandicia», bUndi- 

BLANK, \\not written on, inania 
(generally), racuua (which can be, or is yet 
to be written on), puma. |1 Downcast, 
crushed, demliaua, fractua, qui animo 
deficit, perculaua, profligatua ; triatis, ape 
alienua. J| Pa <«, pallidua,pallena. \\Con- 
fused, pertuibatua, (auimo^ confuaua. 

BLANK, s., charta or tabella inania, 
vacua, pura; apatium inane. |i In a lot- 
tery, Bora inania. / draw a blank, aora 
tine lucro exit. |] Vain thing, rea in- 
ania, rea vana. 

BLANK, v., aliquem or alicujna anir 
mum afiligere ; alicujua animum frange- 
re, infringere ; alicujua mentem animum> 
que jperturbare; conabemare,j)ercutero. 

BLANKET, lodix lanea. To toss in a 
blanket, aliquem diatent» lodici impoai- 
tum in aublime Jactare (aflrr Suet.,Olk., 1^. 

BLASE", * a vohxptario genere vit» de- 
tritua jam et retorridua (after OeH, 15, 30, 

BLASPHEME, blasphemare (EccL) ; 
convicium facero Deo. 

BLASPHEMER, blaapbcmua (EccL). 

BLASPHEMOUS, blnsphemua, 

BLASPHEMY, blaai>hemia (Hieron., 
Augustin) : blasphemium (PrudenL) : 
blaaphematio (TertuU., cauaa blaaphema- 

BLAST, impetus venti ; vcntua, flamen 
(violent blowing) : flatus (blowing ; also 
offtmorable winds : flabra, plural, gentle 
bl<win^, sometimes puffs of wind ; poetic- 
al), if Of an instrument, fiamen ; 
aonitua; clangor. || Stroke of a plan- 
et. Sec, tactus, afflatua (e. ^., aolia, lunffi, 
&c.). II Of lightning, tulmen (so the 
blasts of fortune, fulmina fortunse). In 
the widest sense, fulmen, ictus «Uami- 
tatis, ventus, calamitas, caaua adversna. 
\\0f disease, contagio. \\0f corn, 
aideratio, robigo, uredo (mildew, smuf). 

BLAST, v.. n rittn, delere (destroy, blot 
out) : subvertere, evertore (overthrow) : 
perdere (destroy) : pervertere : to blast 
any bodies reputation, alicui infiimiam 
movdre ; aliquem infamare or difiamare ; 
aliquem varils rumoribus difierre (to dr- 
eulate reports against him) : to blast on^s 
hopes, spem exstinguerc. || Blight, 
terrere, urere, adurere, robigioe corrum- 
pere, robigine or uredine ameere. Blast- 
ed heaths, deaerta et sterilia teaqua. 
II Compare Bljoht. 

BLAZEI, flamma; fulgor; ignis (great 

BLAZE, V. n., ardcscere, exardescere, 
flammaa emittere, ard^re, flagrare : H v. 
a., vulgarc, divulgare, pervulgare. 

BLAZON, * insignia gentuicia expri- 
mere or explicare. || Deck, omare, ex- 
omare. || Display, in conspectum da- 
re ; ante oculoa exponere ; ostentare. 
II Spread abroad, (uvulgare, pervulga- 
re; bucdnatorem ease alicujua rei (to 
trumpet it) : canerG^ cantare (vid. Virg., 
Xn,, 4, ISiO) : venditarc, jactare (to trum- 
pet forth on€s own praises in any mat- 

BLEACH, inaolaro (to bieaek in the 
sun). II I>rrB., albescere ; exalbescere 
(become uhitisk). 

BLEACHER, * qui inaolat lintca. 

BLEACHERY, locus, in quo fit inaola- 
tio Ointeorum, &c.), or in quo lintea, Sec, 
purgantur et alba redduntur. 

BLEACHINQ, in the sun, insolatio : 
of wax, ceras. 

BLEAK, frigidua, algons, algidua. 
Byv. in Cold. 

BLEAKNESS, frigua. 

BLEAR. A olear eye, ocnhis humore 
fluena ; oculua lippiena (fls a permanent 


d^eet). To have blear eyes, Uppire. Bleof 
eyed, Uppus, lippiena. 

BLKAREDNESS, fluxio oculorum ; 
lippitudo (permanent). 

BLEAT, balare, poetical ; balatum ex* 
ercere, Virg. ; balatua dare, Ov. || if / a |- 
ing, balatua. 

BLEED, II emit blood, sangulnem 
fundere (of men and the wound) : aaogui» 
nem efliiodere or profundere : his nose 
bUeds, saniptis e naribus ei fluit He has 
bled exceedingly, ingena via Bangainis ma- 
navit. My heart bleeds at something, in* 
credibilem dolorem ex aliquA re capi^. 
How my heart bled ! quantum animo vul- 
nus accepil ||Xel blood, sanguinem 
mittere alicui (e. g., ex brachio) : alicui 
corddlium eat (pre- and post- classical, 
Plaut., Appul.) : venam inddere, reacin* 
dere, aecare, ferire, percutere ; fdicui ve- 
nam aolvere et aang<iinem mittere ; alicui 
aanguinem mittere. He does not bleed 
freely, male sanguis emittitur. 

BLEEDING, \ discharge of blood, 
profiuvium (profuaio or flu^o) aanguinia; 
neamorrhagia (especially through the nose). 
II Surgical, aangiunis miaaio, detractio. 

BLEMISH, l|6a^t/y, macula, labea 
(diminutive, labeciUa), nsBvua ; vitium 
(deformity, defect, generally). || Moral, 
turpitudo, macula, vitium, labiea, ignp- 
minia, nota atquo ignominia, nota turpi- 
tudinia, macula Meleria, probrum, dugi- 

BLEMISH, v., maculare, commaculare, 
maeulia asperaere; deformare, turpare, 
corrumpere ; infuscare, I'cBdare, inquioa- 
re, labeculam aapergere (with dative) : 
maculi^ aspergere ; laolare. lasdcre. To 
blemish any body's reputation, de exist}- 
matione alicujua detrahere. 

BLEND, miscere, commiscere, con* 
fundere, permiscere, implicare. 

BLESS, II pro«p«r, fortunaro, pros- 
perare, secundare (poetical), beno vcrte- 
re; felicem, beatum reddere, felicitatem 
dare alicui ; beare, magni laetitii alficcre. 
To bless a thing to one, prosperare alicui 
aliquid; fortunare alicui wiquid. May 
Heaven bless your labdrs ! Dcus tibi (not 
tuoa, as Muretus has it) labores fortunet ! 
To be blessed with a son, filio augeri. 
Fortune blesses onr first imdertaking, ad- 
spirat primo fortona labori. || Bless me! 
maximo Jupiter ! proh Jupiter ! || Pro- 
nounee a blessing upon, alicui bene 
precari; aliquem bonia oininibua prose- 
qui (accompany with blessings) : lUiciuid 
iebruare (to purify by religious rites). 
II Praise, laudare, beatum preedicare» 
laudibus cclebrare. 

BLESSED, bcatua (having aU physical 
and moral goody, plus (good, holy ; the 
blessed, pii). || Fortunate, felix, fortu- 

BLESSEDLY, beate ; felidter, fiiuate. 

BLESSEDNESS, aumma felicitas; im- 
mortalitaa vit» (immortality) : vita beata. 
To live in eternM blessedness, beatum tuvo 
aempitcmo frul 

BLESSING, sollemnea preces; bona 
omina. To dismiss the congregation with 
a blessing, precibus aoUcmnibus ccetum 
(sacrum) dunittere. With the blessifi^t 
of all, onmibua Uata precantibua. |i Q ift, 
benefit. Sec, munua, commodum. bo* 
num, Soc. The blessings of peace, mune- 
ra, commoda pacis. The blessings of 
Providence, Dei munera, benoficia. || I>l^ 
vine favor, Dei fovor. May God grant 
his blessintr ! quod Deua bene vertat 1 

BLIGHT, robigo, uredo; (generally 

BLIGHT, v., robigine corrumpere. ure» 
dine afiScere ; necare. The trees and 
crops are blighted, arbores aataque corru- 
pit lues, i^ tkowere blight the com, 
salsi imbrea necaot frumenta. Vid. 

BLIND, csBCUs, oculis or luminibua 
captua, lumlnibus orbatus. Blind qf one 
eye, codes, luacua (bom so) : altero oculo 
captua (become so) : unoculus. Blrnd- 
bom, csBcus genitus (cecigenus, poetical). 
To become bltnd, luoiiua oculorum, or lu- 
mina, .or lispectum amitterc. 11^4« to 
the mind, ctecus, occeecatus, mrntc cnp* 
tua, temerarius, stultus. Fortune maftes 
her favorites bUnd, fortuna cos cajcos e& 


dt (ttnlfeM fiusit), qaos oomplexa e«t A 
blind imiuuioii, c»ca or temenurU imita- 
tio : prgudicey fialsa opinio. To shov any 
body a blind (^tedieneet totam ae ad aHca- 
jua nutuin et' roliuitatem convertere. 
jli Hidden, dark, Su::, caucus ; opertoa. 
A blind ditek, fossa c»ca or operta. 

JFaUey cflscus, fictua, aimolatiu. A 
Und viindoWy fenestra ficta or simulata ; 
feneatre tmago. 

BLIND, 0., cflscum reddere, csBoare, 
ezc89care» ocnlla privare, huninibaa or- 
bare; oculoa effoaere, emere alioui (to 
tear out the ayoa). To be blinded (by long 
axpoeure to w tun, for instance), aapec- 
torn amittere. \\For a time onlyj to 
drnttle, &c., occsBCare ; oculoa or ocnlo- 
mm adem prnatringere. \\Ae to the 
mind, cascare, oooascare, excaacare ali- 

rm or alicujua mentem ; animi or men- 
aclem, oculoa alicujua prsatringere. 
N By beauty, capere, incite, in amo- 
rem pellicere. 

BLINDFOLD, oenlif opertia or alliga- 
tlfl, conniventibua or clauaia oculia. || To 
blindfold the eyee, oculoa alligare. 

BLINDLY, ccBCua ; csbco impetu ; te- 
mere. T\> ament blindly to a thing, te- 
mere aaaentire aiicul reL They rufhed 
blindly into tJu weuer, coci In aquam 

BLINDMAN'8 BUFF. Tb play blind- 
man'g buff, myinda (adv., Gr. ftvtvSa) lu- 

BLINDNESS, (huninla) cascitna, (ocu- 
lorum) caligo (when it is dark before the 
eye») : mentia or anind caxitaa, mentia 
cali^ ; tenebr» (blindnese of spirit, atu- 
pidtty) : inacitia, atultitia. « 

BLIND-SIDE, Titium. 

BLINK, nictare, palpebrare ; eonnirire 
(fo eee with eyee half «Auf). 


BUSTER, pUHtula ; papula (raised by 
heat). A blister -plaster, Teaicatorium. 
To draw or raise bUstere, puatulna facere 
or exdtare. FuU of them, puatuloeua. 

BLISTER, Ta., puatulan. Intb., pua- 
tnlare : veaicatorium impcmere. 

BLITHE, na»tua; hilarua, bila- 

BLITHESOME, 5 ria ; alacer. To 
wear a blithesome look, Tultu Istitiam 

BLITHELY, Icete, hUare (-iter), animo 
Into or hilarL 

BLITHENESS, lietitia, hUaritaa, ani- 
mua letua or hilaria; alacritaa, animua 

BLOAT, o. a., tumefacere, implSro, 
tendcre, aufflare, inflare ; fguratively, in- 
llare. Bloated, turgidua, tumidua, tn- 
mena, inflatua : || e. n., tumeacere, cxtu- 
mescere ; tui^fcaocre. 

BLOCK, truttcus (of wqod) : gleba (of 
otone, marble) : caudcx (block to which 
offenders were fastened) : maaaa (mass, 
wmp) : phalanga (roller) : forma causicB 
^4U-blodt) : trochlea (pnlUtf) : truncua 
Tuneatua (executioner's block). To come 
to the block, aecuri percuti. || Block, 
blockkead, atipes, truncua, caudcx. 

BLOCK, v. a., claudere (shut in) : ob- 
rtruere, obaepire, interchidcre. To block 
vp the way, viam pnecludcre ; viam ob- 
■trucre (barricade) ; iter obs^>irc ; iter 
Intercludere, interrumpere. 

BLOCKADE, conchwio, obrfdio. To 
raise the blockade of a town, urbe nbsce- 
dere, obsidionc urbia dcaiatcrc. Tb de- 
liver from a blockade, obaidione liberare 
or aoirere. 

BLOCKADE, v., obaid^re, circum ae- 
dftre, obeidionem (urbi) inferrc, in obsi- 
dionc tcnere, obaidione claudere, operi- 
bufl cingere. 

BLOCK-HOUSE, propugnnrulum. 

BLOCKISH, atoHdua, atupidua, tardua, 
hcbca, brutua. 

BLOOD, eanguia (properly ; also, kin- 
dred, Uneagc, vigor ; also, qf other juices) : 
cruor (blood from the veins, blooa shed) : 
ianlea (corrupt blood). To stanch blood, 
aanffuinom alatcre, supprimcre, cohibero. 
To imbrue or stain wdh blood, sanguine 
crucntare, intjuinare, reaptr^crc ; san- 
guine contaramare. To Ut blood, snn- 
guinem mittere (o. g., alicui ex brachio). 
A shower of blood, inber aanguinia or aan- 
goineua. An eniption of blood, aanguinia 


eniptio. Tb shed his blood for JUs coun- 
try, aangninem pro patriA profundere or 
enundere. To shed blood (coenmit •mtmr- 
der^, caadem or aanguinem uoere. Loss 
of blood, aanguinia profuaio (fortnita). 
The victory cost them much blood, rictorui 
iliia nralto aanguine atedt He thirsts for 
blood, aanguinem titiL An avenger of 
blood, ultor parriddii, ultor mortia alicu- 
jua. To be connected wUh any body by 
the ties of blood, aanguine cum aUquo 
co^junctum esae, aanguine attingere ali- 
quem. Cf illustrious blood, gonere cla- 
rua, illuatria, inaignia. ff you stir up my 
blood, ai mihi stomachum moveritia. Hie 
blood is up, Irl incenaua eat, iracundiA 
ardet, illi animua ardet Hot blood boils 
in your veins, roa cididua aanguia vexat 
To do a Mng in cold blood, conaulto et 
cogitatum facere aliquid. Flesh and blood 
(Ji. e., hists), cupiditatea, Mbidinea. MyJUsh 
and blood (i. e, «ay chUdren)f Tiaeem mea. 
On^s own flesh and blood, aanguia anus 
(e. g., PhUippua in auum aeng^tnem as- 
▼iebat, lAv.). || Flesh and blood ( = Au- 
mon weakness), humani generia iml)ecil]l- 
taa (^=: natural powers), virea a natnrA 
hommi inaitw (Cvc). 

BLOOD-COLORED, coloria aanguinel, 

BLOOD-HOUND, cania ad homines 
peraequendoa or veadgandoa idoneua; 
figtarativdy, aanguinariua, crudeliseimua, 

BLOODLESS, aanguine carena, exaan- 
guia, mortuua. || Without bloodshed, 

BLOOD-RELATION, conaanguineua, 
aanguine coi^unctna. || The connec- 
tion, conaanguinitaa, aanguinia conjunc- 

BLOODSHED, csedea. Without blood- 
si^ sine aanguine, sine vulnere. Taking 
place without it, incruentua. 

BLOODSHOT, sanguine or cruore auf 
fhaua, aanguinolentua. 

BLOOD-SUCKER, H leech, hirudo 
(properly and Jiguratioely), aanguiauga. 
II Vampire, veapertilio apectrum 

BLOOD-THIRSTY, aangninariua, aan- 
l^uinem aitiena, a»vuB ; aanguineua (poet- 

BLOOD-VESSEL, arteria, vena ; vas. 

BLOODY, cnientua (properly and flg- 
vratively), cruentatua (stained with blooa), 
aanguine reepersua (bespattered with 
blood) : aanguineua (consisting of blood, 
as a shower ; other uses are poetical). To 
make bloody, crucntare, aanguine resper- 
gere. A bioody war, bellum cruentum, 
atrox, Aineatum, aa*vum. Bloody flux, 
dysenteria rubra. || Bloody, bloody- 
minded. Vid. Blood-thibsty. 

BLOOM, floa. To be in bloom, florgre. 
II Fio., to be in the bloom of life, in flOre 
BBtatia ease, state flor€re : yet, integrA 
ease eetate. 

BLOOM, v., (be in bloom) florSre (prop- 
erly and flguratively), vigfirc (flgurative- 
If) : florcm mittere, expellere (put forth 
blossoms). To begin to bloom, noreacere 
(properbf and figuratively). 

BLOOMING, florena (properly and fig- 
urativelf) ; floridua (rich with flowers). 
Blooming children, Uberi florentea. 

«Beauty, forma florida et vegeta. 
Health, raletudo Integra or optima; 
virium floa. || Circumstances, res flo- 
rentea, florennsaimtp. 

BLOOMY, floridua, florlbua veatitua. 

BLOSSOM, floa. 

BLOSSOM, c floreecere ; florem mi^ 
tere or expcjlcrc. 

BLOT out, cxstinfuerc: deldre (gen- 
erally): hidacere (by drawing the wax over 
it wUh the style) : ntdcro, eradere (to dig 
out). Fio., cxatinguere, delfire, obKtera- 
re. Blot out the rtmembranr^ of a thing, 
mcmoriam alicujua rei ddfire or obUtera- 
re. '^Blotipo blur, spot), maculttre, mac- 
ulis nspcrgerc ; maeulA (-ia) or litur& (-ia) 
defonnare, turpare. iKTtu, the paper blots, 
charta transmittit (diffiindit) Ktcrae, char- 
ta est bibula. || To disgrace, disfig- 
ure, labcm or labccnlam an>ergere idicui 
or alicui rei, alicui ignominiam inurere ; 
infnscare, defonnare, in£unem &cere, 
foBdare, obUnen. 


BLOT, «., (atramenti) Utora; maeuli 
(properly and figurativeiy) : labea, nola 
turpitudinia. Bloi at backgammon, ealca- 
lua nudua, u>ertna. 

BLOTCH, rarua, iontfaua (on the foot) : 
pustula (bitter) : Tariolas (pocks). 

BLOW, «., percuaeio (« striking with 
force), ictua, plaga, rerber, petltio (bUm 
akmed at ont). Fio., fufancn, caaua, dam- 
num. A mortal blow, ictua mortiiierua, 
plaga mortifCTa. At one blow, uno ictu. 
To give one a blow, plagam alicui inferre, 
infligere. A blow in the face with the open 
hand, alicui alapam ducere. A blow with 
the clinched fist, alioui colaphum duoere ; 
alicui pugnum or eolaphum impingere. 
To give one blows, aliquom pulaarc, Ter- 
berare» verberibua caedere. They come 
to blows, res yenit ad manua. To despiss 
the blows of fortune, fuhnina fortunaa con- 
temnere. / have received a heavy blow, 
graviasimam accepi plagam (figurattvdjfS. 
One blow follows another, damna damnis 
continuantur. To pr^are hisnse^for the 
dicisire blow, ad diacrunea acdngL 

BLOW, v.. II of the wind, flare, (apl- 
rare, poetical), fl Of the breath, flare, 
conflare : to puff, aimelare : of a horsSy 
iremere (to snort). To blow an instru- 
ment, canere, cantaore, hidere (with afrto- 
tive), inflare (with accusative) : ef the in- 
strument blown, canere. The winds blow 
contrary, reflant TentL A wind wkidk 
blows from the north, ventua qui a aeptcn- 
Monioua oritur. To blow upon, afRare. 
To blow away, diaaipare, difflare ; rapere 
(snatdi cff). T\f be blown down, vento 
affligl ad terram, proateml, dejid. 7b 
blow out, exstinguere. To blow (make by 
blowing), flare, flatu figurare. To bloto 
up the fire, ienem conflare, aufflare, bucds 
exdtare. To blow up the cheeks, buccas 
inflare, aufllare. 7\f blow up the body, 
corpua inflare. To blow a man up, inflare 
alicujua animum: to be blown up, inani 
aupcrbiA tumSie, auperfoiA ae eflferre. 7b 
blow up (kindle, inflame), accendere, con- 
flare. 7b blow up with gunpowder, * ali- 
quid Ti pulreria p3nrii diaploidere. 7b be 
blown into the air, * vi pulTeria pyrii sub- 
lime rapi. 

BLOW. Vid. Bloom, Bt^ossom. 

BLOWING, flatua (of the wind) : qf a 
flute, inflatua dbiaa. 

BLUBBER, s^ adepa balenarum. 

BLUBBER, v., genaa laciimia fosdare, 
uberiua fl^re, vim lacrinuurum profun- 
dere. Blubbered cheeks, genae lacnmando 
turgentcs. || Blubber-cheeked, buccu- 
lentua. Blubber-lipped, lafarosua. 

BLUDGEON, fbada phimbo armatni. 

BLUE, casruleua, aubcaeruleua (some- 
what blue), cvaneus, cumatilia (all mean 
water-blue; dyed or dressed so, cierulea- 
tua) : ca»aiuA (blue-grew, sky-blue) : glau- 
cus (sea-green, gray-blue, like cats eyes) : 
violaceua, purpureua, iantiilnua, amethys- 
tlnna ; Hvidua (black-blue, black and blue). 
Blue eyes, oculi caerulei, caBail, glauca. 
Having suchn, csBrulcus, Sec. Dark-blue, 
violaceua, purpureua. Light^bte, aub- 
caaruleua. 7b become black and blue, 
liveacere : to be so, livfire. 

BLUE, a., csruleua, A^c, color; cseru- 
Icum (09 a coloring materiat), 

BLUE-BOTTLE, cyanua. 

BLUFF, inhumanua, inurbanua, agre»- 
tia, ruaticiis ; violentus, vebcmena. 

BLUNDER, s^ m6ndum Offence against 
a rule to be observed, a proper form, Stc, 
especially mistakes in writing, calculations, 
&c.) ; error, erratum (misUxke made from 
ignorance or inadvertency ; of a workman, 
erratum fabrile (Clc.) : erratum, oppoeed 
to recte factum and, as a quality, Wtium. 
Also, of offences against propriety of speech, 
e. a., error, ^uint., 1, a, 47) : pcccatum, 
delictum (any sin or error ; also of faults 
in language; e. g., "Oic., paucia verbia 
tria magna peccata) : vitium (any blem- 
ish or imperfection ; figuratively, qf bar- 
barisms and solecisms, Quint., 1, 5, 5, «qq.). 
7b remove a blunder, racndum tollcro 
(e. g., llbrariorum menda tollere, CStc). 
7b correct a blunder, mendum, crrorem 
or peccatum corrigerc. In saying idns 
Martii you have made a great blitndrr, 
idua Martii magnum mendum conti- 
nent (U should be Mus Martias). 7b com» 


■If lir JMU bbtndgr, idem peeeare : on* 
HmnJer ^lor «MotAar, aliad ex «lib pec- 
one. Tffall into mt oppotite blwukr, in 
oootrarhun Tithnn convert!. H Full of 
kinmdero^ mendoaus. Drtt from blun- 
don, emenidatuii (Jreed from fauUo ; qf 
writimgt^'. emendate detcriptus (copied 
Mi< oenuroUlm ; mrintod aootirmteljf). 

BLUKDER, Vi •tumble, pedem offen- 
dcre : reatigio fidli («£^, «mIm a faUe 
i«p) : lafai («iip down). U Commit « 
ft<v»4f«r, aliauid offendore (blunder 
ogminat anu tkin^ ; not to att m$ ««« 
•vAQ : labi (make a falat ottp): peccare 
{nn, eommUt ufauli^ vTuUiv). Yii.** com- 
mit u blnnder,"* under BI.l^n>S]^ «. 
I To blunder out a»y things incon* 
■oltiiia cTe ctni n projicere aUquid (Xta., 
3^ 31« middU). || 7o blunder upon 
«ay cAiit^, in aliqnid caau incorrero 

BLUNDERHEAD, ftipaa, trancai, tta- 
pidn« homo. 

BLUNT, hebes, obtuaua, retusna (prop- 
mhi omdfgurotieeif). To be Miutf, heb^ 
rs; obcua4 eaae ade (jproperin) i hebe- 
mn, hebetatum, obUuom eaae (also jig- 
wotivetfy. Become to, hebetoere (jn-op- 
trbf and figurmtmei^. Blunt in epIrUy 
hebetk ortardi ingenU. H Rough, rude, 
iniutwniu, rnaticTia, horridua. JUAbrupt^ 
afanipcaa. H Plain, Hber. 

BLUNT, «^ bcbetare, retondere, ob- 
tandere (properlf and fgurafiodif) : an 
axe, retondere aecurint : a epear, hefoetare 
hasiam : a keen palate, obtiuulere subtile 
palatain : the mttut, mentem, ingenium 
obtundene. To be blunted to a thing, 
hAeXMtnm atqae indoratom ease ad ali- 
^d. Blunted in bodf and mind, animo 
rimul et oorpore hebetata To blunt 
hope, tgem debOUare, extenuare. 

BLmfTLY, rosdce, horride ; Ubere, 
andadter : inornate, abruute. 

BLUNTNESS. hebea (&ldc, &c) ad- 
ea ; nuticitaa, morea incnlti, borridi ; 
aenno abruptof, inomatua; aermo libe- 

BLUR, macula, labea; litora (yVoa» 

BLUR, «., obacunure ; labem or labecu- 

BLUdlC il turn red, erubcaoere, pu- 
dore or robore auffiindi, rubor- mihi auf- 
fimditur or offimdicur. (] Be ted, rub£- 
re. To bltuk at on£e own praieee. pudore 
afid ex BoA lande. / need not obiehy tf, 
Ac, non cat rca, ^oji erubeacam, si, 6k. 
Tkif bluek at thetr origin, ori^e auA 
erobeacunt D Flo, ro&are, rubescere ; 

BLUSH, rubor. To put to the bluek^ 
mtMirem ^oui aflSsrre, eUcerc ; alicui pu- 
dorem Incutere. || Fio., rubor, fulgor. 
lAtfiret blueh, primA apede or tron- 
lev aapectuprtmo. 

BLUSTER, sasvire. || Of men, saBri- 
re; tamultaari,tumultumfaccre. dBrag, 
inaolenler ^riari. A blueteriag «m, 
naie tnmnltuoenm. Bluetering weather, 
coBhmi ttninitB, turbidum. 

BLUSTER, »., tempesau, procella ; 
firemitas, atrepitua, tumaltut: sssTitia, 
furor ; jactatio, ostcntatio, Tenoitatio. 

BLUSTERER, homo turbutentus; ho- 
mo doriosna. 

BOAE, vcrree : a wOd boor, aper. Of 
a boar, rerrinuB : «W, aprugnus. Boar- 
epear, renabuhu*. Boar-hog, verrea cas- 
tratns, majalia. 

BOARD, ^ula: asds or axis (fhick 
board, jiemlt). To cut a tree into boarde, 
arborem ki laminas secare. A houee 
made of toard*, «edifidum talralatum or 
ex tabula &ctum. A fioor laid with oak 
bearde (jflanke), aolum roboreis axibus 
eompactum or constratum. (| To play 
en, iabula; forus aleatoriua, altreua or tu- 
Teciua (du»boari) : abacus (board with 
tquaree). B Table, mDuaa: Jgurativel^, 
coBoa, conviTinm, epul«B. i^de- board, 
abacus. To live at anather'e board, alicnd 
menai or quadrd vivere. To be tcparatcd 
from bed and board, cnhilibus ac mensd 
^scemL ^Food and lodging, vicftia 
pectft mertcede prabitna. Good board, 
nctns teutna. To give one his board, 
aratnitum rictom daro alicuL \\Aegem- 
lly, coUcg^nm, conacaaua^ conailittm. 


H On board, in mirL Tb go on board, 
navem conaoendere. 7Y» Aooe a penon 
on board, sustuUaae aliqucm : a thing, 
Tefaere aliquid. Tkf leap overboard, ex 
nari deaOire or ae projioere. 7b throw 
overboard, alicnjqs rd jtioturam facere. 

BOARD, v., contabulare. \i Live at a 
certain price, tb aliquo, poctA mercc- 
de, ali ; alicujuB Tietu, pactA mercode, uti. 
Ta board and lodge with anf body, eaae 
in hoapitio apud aSquem ; hoapitio alien- 
Jna utL Put at board, aliqnem alicui pac- 
tA roeroede alendum tradcre. U Enter 
a ehip, in hoalium narem tranaoendere ; 
naTem consoendere. || Addreee, at- 
tempt, alloqni, compellari; tentare, pe- 
tere, adoriri ; praTertere. 

BOARDER, qui ab aliquo pactA mer- 
cede alitur. Fellow-boarder, con victor. 

BOAST, ae cfiTerre, ae jactare (inaolen- 
ter), gloriari, gloriA et pnedicatlone seae 
efierre. T6 boaet of or in a thing, aliquA 
re, or de, or in aUqu& re gloriari ; jactare, 
oatentare, renditare aliquid. He boaete 
attd brage ae high ae war, nee quicquam 
jun loquitur modoatiua. Be boaete of 
hie viilainif, in facinore et acelere gloria- 
tur. Hb boaete of hie own deede, suarum 
kudum prasco est ; aua narrat facinora. 

BOAST, Hactatio, oatentAio, ven- 

BOASTING, 5 ditatio (of eomething, 
dic^jusrei): oatentatio sui, Jactantia am. 
To make a bo€ut of, jactare, ostentare, 
veaditare aliquid : diquA re ^rlari. 

BOASTEJ^ jactator, oatentator, vendi- 
tator allc^jua rei ; homo vanua, homo va- 
niloquui, homo glorioaus, homo fortia 

BOASTFUL, gloriosua, vanua, vanilo- 

BOASTFULLY, glorioae, jactanter. 

BOAT, aoapha (eepecially a ehi^e boat) : 
cvmba (a emaU boat to navigate a lake, 
forjlehing, Stc.): dveua, lembaa (Jot- 
bottomed boat, ekiff) : linter (canoe) : na- 
vicula, navi^olum, actuariolum. Icnun- 
culua, aoaiattfliM navis, uadgium. Boat- 
man, nauta; lintrariua. 

BODE, portendere. 

BODICE, Quanillare, thorax linteua. 

BODILY, corporalia (in nature and 
pialitif) : corporeas (in material) : things, 
corpoiulia ; rea corporeee ; quaa cerni 
tangique posMint || Proper to the 
body, poee^eeed by the hodff, relat- 
ing to the body, in corpora situs, cor- 
poralis: but qfiener by the genitive, corpo- 
ris. A bodily d^ect, vitium corporis .oi* 
corporale. Boduy goode, bona corporis. 
Bo/i/y cAoruM, corporis venustas. \\Jteal, 
verus. To Mn^ to &0(fi^ act, ad cfl'octwn 
adducere or perducere. 

BODILESS, corpore vacana or vacuus, 
corpora carcns, sine corpora; incorpo- 
reus (Silver Age). 

BODY, corpus. A emaU body, corpus- 
culum. To have a healthy body, bond 
corporis vdetudine uti To devote him- 
ee{fbody and eoul to one, «licui corpus 
ammamque addicere : to a thing, totum 
ct raente et animo in aliquid inisistera. 
Body-guard, corporis custodes; stipato- 
res conraris, stipatores ; satdlitea, cohors 
pretoria, militcs prtetoriani. A dead 
tfody, corpus mortnum, corpus hominis 
mortui, aieo corpus or mortuus : cadaver ; 
Ainus. To lay out a dead body, corpus 
mortuum curare. Having two bodiee, 
bicorpor. Able or etrong-boditd, robus- 
tus, validus, firmus. \\ Belly, venter, al- 
vus. Beane pmff" up the body, venter infla- 
tur fabia. To bind the body, alvum as- 
tringere. W Person, homo. Nobody, 
nuUus, nemo ; non ullus, non qmsqnam. 
Every body, omnes homines, omncs. 
II Any body, quisquam (after ncgativee, 
with vix, sine ; in interrogative eentencee 
when the answer " No^ is expected ; and in 
the second member of comparative senten- 
ces) : qui^ds, quiUbet (any you please) : 
quis (after si, nisi, nc, num quo, qtianto ; 
but si qnisquatn, when doubt is to be ez- 
preseed whether Vuxe is any body). Some- 
body, aliquia. Hardly any body, non fere 
quisquam. Nor ie he seen by any body, 
ncque ccrnitur ulli (for ab ullo). Not a 
body, homo nemo, nemo unus. That no- 
body do hurt to any body, ne cui quia no- 
ceat Le$t any body, ne quia. Jf any 


body, d quia. || Colleetioe maee, coiw 
pua. Th!» wished to have a king out of 
their own body, sui corporis creari regem 
volebant He tet in order the body of the 
empire, onBnavit imperii corpus. A earn- 
pUte body of all the Rooum lam, corpus 
omnia Romani juris.- The whole body of 
citizens, dvea cuncti; W«o'civitas. Tm 
whole body rose, omnea univeru consur- 
rexerunt || Corporation, Sue., corpus, 
collegium ; classia. A learned body, aod- 
etas doctorum hominum. J| Of sol- 
diers, manua, exercitus; pars exerdtfls 
or copianun ; agmen ; caterva. A body 
of cavalry, pars equitum ; ala equitum, 
A body (elub)-of oon^pwuors, globus con- 
Jnratorum. A body of players, grax hia* 
trionum. || A/atu part: «/«tree, trun» 
cus, atirps : cfa column, scapus, truncus : 
of the humum body, truncxxe. The body 
of a country, interior alicujua terra) reg^ ; 
interiora alici^hu torr». i| Strength. 
Wine of a good body, vinom validnm, fir- 
mum, forte, plenum. 

BOG, palus. 

BOGGLE, stup&re; dubitare, hsdrdre, 
haasitara, cunctari ; tergiveraari. 

BOGGLER, cunctator, haedtator. 

BOGGLING, dubitatio, haadtatio, cano- 

BOGGY, uHginoaus, pahister. 

BOIL, ff. fw, ferv6re (aieo Jigu r at i vely 
of the passions and qf men) : nstuara (to 
swell and roar with heat ; alsojigurativeif) : 
bullara, bullire (to bubble up). To begin 
to boil, ebuHire, efierveaoere. To ooil 
enough, defervesocre. Boiling hot, fer- 
vcns. The meate boil, dbaria bullant 
TV boil over, cxundare (of boiling water, 
Plin., 31, 2, 19). To make to boU, ferve- 
facere. The eea hoils, asstuat mare. To 
boU with envyt invidi& aastuare. To boil 
with anger, ird fervdre ; awvire : || r. o^ 
fervefaccre, infervefacere (make to Mt) : 
coquere (cook by boiling). To boil doum^ 
decoquere (e. g., acetum ad quartas, CoL), 
To boil a thing in eomething, aliquid co- 
quere in or ex diqu4 re (e. g., in laete, ex 
oleo) ; incoquere aliquA re or cum aliquA 
re (e. g., aquA ferveoti, cum aquft). To 
boil guite, percoquere. To boil meate, 
cibum or dbaria coquere ; dbum porare 
or comparara (general term of preparing 
meat, &jc., for food). BoUed, dixus (op- 
posed to assus) : coctus (dressed by fre, 
opposed to crudus). 

BOILER, il one who boils, coctor. 
II Caldron, Stx., vaa coquinarium: ahe- 
num (qf brass) : ahenum coculum : cd- 
darium (Vitr., for heating water in baths) : 
cuc&ma (some vessel for boiling or cooh- 
ing Petron.) : cortf na (with three fed). 
\^^ Lebes on};y when Greek euetome, per- 
sons. Sec, are spoken off eepedaUy as a 
costly present. 

BOISTEROUS, turbulentns, turbidua, 
procellostts, tumultuosus, violentus. A 
boisterous sea, mare procellosum (ever so) : 
mare vi ventorum agitatum atque turba- 
tum (in a single case). Boisterous weather 
followed, secutse sunt tempestatea. 

BOLD, audens (in any one instance, 
and only in a ^ood senee) : audas (per- 
manently, and m a good or frod sense, 
mostly in the latter) : impavidus, intrepi- 
dus ; fidcns (eonfdent, aesurcd) : confidens 
(confident, in a bad sense) : temerariua 
(rash) : impudens, impudicus (without 
sAoiJM or modesty) : procax, protervua 
(forward, in a noisy, troublesome, reckless 
way ; procax especially in words, proter- 
vua in actions) : petulans (attacking otk- 
ere with raillery, dx., without any consid- 
eration) : lasdvos (forward, from high 
animal spirits; also, wanton). Bold (ib% 
language), procax linguA. Bold lan- 
guage, sermo procax or procaciter ortus. 
{(Projecting, prominentior. Very bold. 
summtB audncicB, singulari audadA. A 
bold, poet, poeta «iidax: thought, senten- 
tia audnx : metaphor, verbum audadus or 
dtius tmnslatum. To be bold (to say, Sec). 
audSre (with i-qfinitive). Ton are a bold 
beggar, satis audacter pedis. A bold brow, 
OS ferraum : a bold fellow, homo perfric- 
tsB frontis (both in a bad sense). 

BOLDLY, audacter, Hberr; fidenter, 
confidenter; Irapudenter; Impavide, in- 
trcpide ; temere ; procaciter (-caciu^ 



•cacUdme) : protenre [Stn. in Bold]. 
To behave boldfy {^fonoardly), procaciiu 
Be in aliquA re gerere. I 9a^ it bokUff, 
audacter dico ; nbere profiteer. 

BOLDNESS, audentia, aadada, animua 
«udax; lidentia,confideDtia; Impudentia; 
OS dumm, ferreum : procacitas : proter- 
Titas: lascivia [Syn. in BoldJ. Rath 
bokhustt temeritas. Boldne»» of speech, 
libertaa. Too great boldnesa, licentia. 
To hatfe the boldnes» to, &,c^ audfire (wUh 
ir^finiliv^ : somere hoc sibi, ut, &o. 

BOLE, truncus, stirpa. 

BOLL, calamua. BoUt of Jlatf lini 

BOLSTER, pulTinns. 

BOLT, materia or matara (vid. Cat,, ^. 
a., 1, 26) : sagitta (flrroto). Thunder-boU, 
ftilmen. Bolt upright^ plane rectua ; direc- 
tos. \\Bar, clauatrum, peasulus, obex. 

BOLT, v., II the door, pesaulo Januam 
olaudere or occludere, peasuhun janute 
obdere. To boU one out, aliquem ex- 
clndere foraa. || To eift, cribrare, cri- 
bro cemere or succemere, «accemcre. 
N Blurt out, projicere. Intb., emm- 
pere, prorumpere. 

BOLTER, cribrmn farinariom or polli- 
narium; incemiculum. 

BOLTING-CLOTH, *linteum cribra- 

BOMB, * pyroboIoB. To throw bombs, 
* jm'oboloe mittere. 

BOMBARD, * urbem tormentifl rerbe* 

BOMBARDIER, * pyrobolartus. 

BOMBARDMENT, * tormentorum, te- 
lorum, pytobolorum conjectio. 

BOMBAST, verborum pompa, verbo- 
rum tumor, inflata oratio, ampuUn. To 
deal m bombast, adbib£re quandam in di- 
cendo ipeciem atqne pompam: pmpul- 
lari (Hot., Xnisveit^tv). 

BOMBASTIC, inflatua, elataa (Cic): 
less commoniy, tumidus. Ihirgidus {Hor.). 
Any bod^s style is bombastic, alicujua ora- 
tio turget atone inflata eat 

BOND. [Yi±BAiwA Bonds, chains, 
▼incula; catenas. \\ Imprisonment, 
custodia, vincula. To lie in bonds and 
chains, esse in vincuHs et catenia. To 
cast into bonds, in vincula mittere, conji- 
cere ; yincolia astringere. To cast into 
bonds (prison), in cnstodiam (or in rin- 
cula> mittere, tradcre, condere, conjicere. 
II 7*««, vinculum (properly and f^ra- 
tively) : nodus, copula (figurMively). 
There is a closer bond among kin8m<fn, 
arctior collisatio est societatis propin- 
quorum. The strict bond of friendship, 
amicitis conjunctionisque necesaitudo. 
N Obligation^ chirogn^hum ; , syn- 
gnqiha (peeper signed by both parties to a 
coTitract). To borrow money upon onis 
bond, per chiromphum pecuniam mu- 
tuam sumere. To lend one money upon 
jiis bond, chirogra^o exhibito, pecunlnm 
alicui credere. U to ^ive bonds, antis- 
dare (pro re), aotisdationem interponere, 
dare : for the payment of the money ad- 
jfudged, aatisdare judicatas pecunife (gen- 
itive, sc. nomine). 

BONDAGE, captivitas; servitus, con- 
ditio eervilis. The voks of bondage, ju- 
giim servitutis. To hold in bondage, ser- 
vitute oppreaaum tenere. 

BONDMAN, servus : mancipium 
0ought or taken in «Ror) : vema (born in 
onis house). A bondman by reason of 
dd)t, sere nexus. The bonamen of any 
body, ftimilia alicujua. 

BONDSMAID, eerva : servula. 

BONDSMAN. [Vid. Bondman.] |i One 
bound for another, sponsor, vas, prsBS, 

BONE, OS; spina (of a fish). A little 
hone, ossiculumu Of bone, osseus. With- 
out bones, sine esse, exos. To deprive qf 
honss, exoasare (eUso of fishY Bone by 
hone, ossiculatixn. He is nothing but' skin 
and bones, ossa atque pcUis totus est ; vix 
oasibus h»ret I tremble, every bone of 
me, omnibus artubus contremisco. Back- 
bone, spina. Hip-bone, coxa, coxendix, 
OB cox». Shin^nme, tibia. To break a 
hone, OS frtttgere. / make no bones of 
doin^ this, reuglo mihi non est. quominus 
hoc taciam. I have given him a bone to 
pi^ ^i*^ scrupulum hominL 


BONE, v., II take out the bones, ex- 
osaare (congrus exosaabitur, Ter.). 

BONFIRE, iffnea festi (StaL), 

BON MOT, lacete or belle mctum, bre- 
viter ac commode dictimi, bonum die- 
turn ,' salse dictum, dicterium («Ae» «or- 

BONNET, II /or woMsn: mitra: mi- 
tella (a sort of cap with fiops, and tied 
under the chin ; borrowed from the Asiat- 
ics by the Greeks and Romans) : reticulum 
(a net for the hair). ^^ Calautica, not 
calantica, was probably a sort qf veil, cov- 

ering the head and shoulders. To put on 
a bonnet, caput mitrA operire. || JPor 
men : cucullus (pointed and fastened to 
the dress) : pilcus (a cap of felt). 

BONNY, bellus, rennstua, lepidus; 1»- 
tus, hUarus, hilaris. 

BONY, 088UOSUS (fuU qf bones) : osse- 
us, 09si similis (bone-like). 

BOOBY, homo rusticus, stolidus; sti- 
pes, caudex ; asinus. 

BOOK, volumen; liber (also part of a 
work), libellus (little writing) : codex with 
or without accepti et expenai (account- 
book) : ephemens, libellus, conoanentaril 
(memorandum or note-book ; journal, dia- 
ry, &c.). Waste-book, adveraaria (phtrat). 
Without book, ex memoriA, memoriter. 
To get without book, ediacere, memoriea 
tradere, mandare, eommittere. To ^eep 
a book (of account), codicem accepti et 
expensi habdre. A collection of books, 
Ubrorum copia ; biblio&eca. Knowledge 
qf books, Ubrorum notida, usus. To mind 
his book, studiis incumbere. Trade in 
books, mercatura libniria. 7\> get into 
any body's books (=z become his debtor\ 
vid. Debtob. Not to be in any bodies 
hooks (■=.not to be in favor ujUh him), 
vid. Favor. To call any body to book 
(L e.t to make an accurate calculation), ad 
calculoA aliquem vocare (Liv.). 

BOOK, v., aliquid in codicem, commen- 
tarioB, HbeQum, &a, referre. 

BOOKBINDER, glutinator (among the 
ancients) : bibliop^gus, Ubrorum compac- 
tor (among the modems). 

BOOK -CASE, armarium Ubrorum 
(Paul Dig.) : annaruim parieti in blbU- 
othecaa speciem inscrtum (Plin., Ep., 2, 
17, 8: let into a wall). ^>^ Not scrinl- 
um. Vid. Diet 

* BOOK-KEEPER, calculator, qui alicui 
est a rationibus, rationarius. 

BOOKSELLER, bibUopola, Ubrorum 
venditor ; librarius (when he tUfo tran- 
scribes the books). BookselWs shop, ta- 
berna Ubraria, libraria. 

BOOKWORM, blatta, tinea. || Fio., 
to be a book-worm, studiis or* Ubris immo- 
ri; quasi hcluari Ubris; totum se abdi- 
diese in Uteras. 

BOOM, s., longurius: contus: pertlca 
[vid. Pole], jj Obex (obstacle) : perhaps 
agger portum raunicns. 

BOOM, v., fluctuare: undare: sstua- 
re : exaeetuare (boil violently) : aajvire 
(rage). To come booming (\. c, wUh 
swelling sails), velis passu aliquo per- 

BOON, gratia, bcneficium, donum, mu- 
nus. Syn. in Gift. 

BOON, adj., hilaris, lietus, jocosus, 
Jucundus. ^007» • companion, comblbo ; 
compotor ; sodalis. 

BOOR, rusticus : agrestis (the rusticus 
violates the conventional, the agrestis even 
the natural, laws of good behavior) : inur- 
banus (unpolished) : incultus (uneuki- 
vatnd). Boors, homines ruatici, rustici et 
agrcstcB, rustici, agrcstes. You are a 
boor, rusticus es. 

BOORISH, II rusn'fi, rusticus, rustica- 
nus, agrestis. fSvN. m Boor.] || Rude, 
raw, rusticus, agrestis, inurbanus, incul- 
tus. Somewhat boorish, subrusticus, sub- 

BOORISHNESS, rustidtas (SUver 
Age) : mores rustici 

Boorishly, rustice. 

BOOT, calceamentum quod pedes su- 
ns tonus or crura tegit : the ancients wore 
no boots like ours ; callga was only a sole 
(vid. Shoe), and ocreas were the military 
greaves or logins of brome, brass, &c., 
and also the simitar leather Uggins of 
peasants, hunters, Slc Boot-Jaat, * Airca 


exealceandis pedibus. Bootsd, 
mentis. Sec, indutus ; calceatua. 

BOOT, v., prodeMC, conducere, anxi 
eeae, ex usn esse. Vid. Psonr, v. 

BOOT, «., utiUtas, utos, commodum, 
emolumentum, lucrum, fructus. To boot, 
insuper ; ultro : to give any thing to boot, 
* gratis addere. This goes td boat, hoc 
insuper additur ; hoc ultro ad^citur. 

BOOTH, tabema (ttall in which goods 
are sold; also drinking-booth) : pergula 
(booth or stall attached to the outer waS of 
a house ; e. g., a broker's, PUn,). Little 
booth, tabemula. 

BOOTLESS, inutiUs; eaasua, Inanla, 
vanus, irritus. Vid. Useless. 

BOOTLESSLY, frustra, nequidquam, 
incassum. You labor bootlessly, operam 

BOOTY, prsBda ; raptnm (got by rob- 
bery). Booty in arms, banna-s, icc^ spo- 
lia : in arms dripped from the enemy, exu- 
vise. The generaCs share of the boatu, 
manubiw: the statics, sectio. To make 
booty, prffidari ; preedam or prcedas face- 
re; preedam or preedaa agere (of men 
and cattle ; also with hominum pecorum- 
qu^ : rapere, rajrinas faccre. To live 
by booty (robbed), vivere rapto. 

BORAX,* borax. 

BORDER, *., margo (scuti, Ubrl, Sec.) : 
ora (broader than margo; : labruiD (of a 
ditch, for instancy, limbus (pnagarmenC), 
II J9o unwary, finis, confioium. Borders, 
fines (also for the land itself). To dwell 
upon the borders of two lands, finem sub 
umimoue habitare. Soldiert stationed 
on the borders, Umitanei miUtes. 

BORDER, V. Ov, marginare; cingere, 
circumdare, coArcere aliquA re. A bor- 
dered garment, vestis limbata, segmenta- 
te. II To border upon (of people), tidt- 
imiim, vicinum, confinem esse alicui. 
II Of lands, adJacSre, Imminere alicui 
terres ; taogere, attin^ere, condngere ter- 
ram. Bordering, fimtimus, vidnus, con- 
finis ; subjectus or conjunctus aUcui loco. 
To border together, se invicem contingere. 
Fal^hoods border on truth, falsa veris 
finitima sunt 

BORDERER, qui Bub finom aUcujua 
terr» habitat ; accola, finitimua. TkuB 
borderers on the sea, qui occanum attin- 
gunt; maritimi homines: on the Rhtne, 
qui proximi Rheno flumini stmt; accoln 

BORE, v., tercbrare (with a gimlet or 
instrument that is turned round) : foraro 
(to make a hole through); perforare (otic(« 
through) : perterebrare. To bore a hole, 
foramen tercbrare or tcrcbrft cavare. A 
boring, terebratio. To get out by boring, 
exterebrare. To bore, i e., make hollow 
by baring, efforare ; the trunk of a tree, 
tnincum. To bore on€s way through a 
crowd, penctrare per turbam : tkrough 
the sninss, eluctari nivcs or per nives. 

BORE, s., foramen. || Caliber, mo- 
dus; magnitudo, ampUtudo. Abore(=za 
troiAlesome person), intolerabilis : intoler- 
andus (unbearable) : importunus (trouble- 
some, annoying): odiosus (hat^^. To 
be a bort (of a public speaker), omoaum 
esse in dicendo. 

BORER, terebra. 

BORN. To be bom, nasci. gigni (ex 
aUauA) ; in lucem edi, in vitam venire : 
witA the feet foremost, pedibus gigni, in 
pedes procedere. A Qreeian bom, in 
Gnecia natus, ortu Graoeus. Who were 
Persians bom, qui in Perside erant natL 
New-bom, recens natus. Btfore you were 
bom, ante te natum. || To bt descend- 
ed, ortum, oriundimi esse. || Fick, to be 
bom (L e., destined by nature) to a thing, 
ad aliquid natum or factum esse ; ad li- 
quid natum aptumque esse. 

BOROUGH, municipium. 

BORROVSr, II what is to be returned 
by an equivalent, mutuari, mutuum 
(not mutuo) sumere aUquid ab aliquo : 
money of one, pecuniam mutuam sumere, 
pecuniam petere ab aUquo : on interest, 
fenori argentum sumere ab aUquo. / 
want to borrow money, quaero pecuniaa 
mutuas: on interest, fenore: of one, roga- 
re aliquem pecuniam mutuam or argen- 
tum mutuum. To borrow (receive 6y 
borrowing) money, pecuniam mutuam ae- 


dpete. I Tor «»e, ateDdnm petere; 
mumari : from a neighbor^ ex prozlino. 
To «one to horrom^ tttendnm rogtra. Bor- 
round, mutmu ; matuaUis. |t Fio., ma- 
tosri, afionde uaamere, Bomere Uiimde 
ut mutnain, petere, rep ete r e . The moon 
borrow* her Ugkt ^f tko «im, hma motua- 
tnrhiceni a sole. 

BORROWER, qui mutaator or mota- 
ttoa est. 

BOSOaC «inui (of Hu bod^, of a gar- 
Mcai) : peotxu, animua {figwotwdy^ 
brmot, heart) : pan interior (indma) ; in» 
teriora (inoma), riscera ; complextu. 
nwmpoHthebooomofafriendj in amici 
ifara flgre. To prtoo one to hi» booom, ali- 
qneni arctins complecti ; aliquem am- 
plexarL TV $m into on^» boiowty aper- 
tnm alicoJuB pectus Tidere. To look into 
omie omn booom^ in scse descendere. 
The enemy are in the booom of the ekf, in 
Mna nrfais hostes sunt. They dug into 
the bosom of the earthy itum est in Tiseera 
terrae. 7b baniehfrom hie inmoet boeom, 
aliquid ex intirai, meote ereHere. The 
tecrete of onie booom, anhni secreta, oc> 
eolta pectoris. Fmriea lehieh haunt the 
boeom, domesticn furi». To be on^e bo- 
$om friend, de eomplexu et sinu aUcujus 
esse; in sinu alSoi^ns gestari. A booom 
friend, sodalis ; amicus conjunctissimns ; 
amicissirans, ilktimas. The w&rld holde 
oU thing» in it» booom, mundus omnia 
eomplexu suo coereet et continet 

2O8A,^0f a thield, nvBAiO. \\Stud, 
knob, bulla. U Of the otick on which 
a book i» rolled, umbilicus, comn. 

BOTANICAL, herbarius. 

BOTANIST, herbarius. 

BOTANIZE, v^ *herbas querere, eel- 


BOTANY, herbaria (sc ars, PUn.). 

BOTCH, tuber. LittU botch, tvbercu- 
Inn, FWlofftoidUs.tnberosus. ^iClum- 
«V patch, Sce^ pannua male assutus; 
ckatrix; Tittnm. 

BOTCH, v., male sirdre or resardre ; 
infiabre or inscienter &cere ; oormmpere, 
defonnare, tnrpare : tnberibus or ul<Meri> 
baa twrinTe(aiark with bottAe»). TbbotcA 
n insdenter faoere, confingere ; eilien- 

BOTH, ambo (both together): uterque 
(tea eeeerally, one a» well a» the other) : 
duo (in tueh connection» a» duobus ocu> 
IS», duabus manibus). On both tide», 
utrimque ; utrobique. From both tide», 
utrimaiie. 7b both tide», pUide», utroque. 
Con»eienee ha» great fore» on both »idee, 
magna est tIs conscienti» in ubvmque 
partem. Many being kUled on both tide», 
nniltis ntrlmque interfeetis. Th»y «wqr 
be taid both way», utroquerersum dican* 
tor. He made one camp out of both, una 
castra fedt ex binis castris. Both (where 
two partiea, or eeteral on each tide, are r» 
fared to), ntriqne (ptersi). 

BOTH, cory. : b o A and , et— et, onnm 
—torn, tnm — turn. / haoe loot botk my 
wkmey and my labor, et pecuniam et ope- 
nm perdidL Both in time of peace and 
war, torn in pace, turn in bella They kill 
both men and women alike, fominas pari- 
ter atqae riros tn^cidant Have you loot 
both wn and good» f consilium ainoul cum 
te amisisti f Botk covdtou» and prodigal, 
Bordidus simnl et sumtnosus. 

BOTHER, e. [Vid.TBA8X.] Tb bother 
any body with gueetion», obtundere aU- 
qnc m TOg ftanHo. 

BOTTLE. lagena ; ampulla (large, big- 
WZM). Uttl» bottle, lagunoola, ampul- 
hda. To «maty, drain the bottle, lagenam 
exsiecaie. j| Of hay, fesdeulus or ma> 

To BOTTLE wine, rinum difAmdere, 
b laeenas infundere. 

BOTTOM, ftindns (of a eaek, the sea, 
lee), solum. • H Valley, plain, rallis, 
conTalUs, planides. || Oronnd-work, 
fundamentum, fandamenta. Th» bottom 
of the eea, mare imum, fundus or ima 
(acstar plural) maris. The anchor fmde 
boaaen, aneora subcistit, sidit To drain 
« winejar to the bottom, oadum fasoe tenus 
potare. The bottom of the ditdk, solum 
ibsse. To eettle to the bottom, resldCre, 
•nbrid^re. To go to the bottom (eink), 
rgi, sidflre^ peawim ire. To »»nd to 


the bottom, peosufn dare, nxergere, demer- 
gere. TA«Aoao«»o/ a «A^ alreus or ca- 
rina (naris). To »»areh a thing to the bot- 
toms, aoeuradus, sttbdUus inrestigaro ali- 
Sid ; aliquid inTesdfare et perscrutari ; 
quid portractare. To come to the bottom 
of a matter, aUquid perspicere. I eeethe 
kitfOMiof Aisi, eumpenifnsperspicio. / 
do not see a^a wAoi bottom it reet», ratio- 
nem quam habeat, non aatis perspicio. 
Hti»atthe bottom of thi», ortum est hoc 
^ CO. 7V> overturn, deatroy from the bot- 
tom, fUnditus evertere ; a fondamentis 
di^Jicere ; ftitiditus toltere. To place at 
the bottom, in imo ponere. From top to 
bottom^ ab sunmto ad imum. Sharpened 
at the bottom^ ab imo prsBacutus. He 
groemefrom the bottom q/hi» heart, gemi- 
tnm datpeetore ab imo. I am dietreeted 
even at the bottom of mw heart, angor inti- 
mis sensibus. At the bottom of a mount- 
ain, sub radioibus montis, in imis radid- 
bus montis. H ^A<p, navis, narigium. 
II Fro., you are embarked on the tame bot- 
tom, in eddem es nari. U Clew, glomus. 
To wind yam into bottom», lanam glome- 
rare in orbes. 

BOTTOM, 9. Tbbe bottomed upon a 
thing, niti aliquA re or in aliquA re ; tene- 
ri, contineri aliquA re ; cerni, positum 
esse in aliquA re. 

BOTTOMLESS, ftindo carens. Bot- 
tomlee» depth, immensa or infinita altitu* 
do; TorUR). 

BOUGH, ramus, brachlum arboris 
(ana). A email bough, ramulus, ramus- 
cuius. A leafy bough, ramus frondosus. 
A dry bough, ramale : piece» of dry 
bough», ramea fragmenta, ramalia. FuU 
o/oou^As, ramosus. Qf 6om;^A«, rnmeus. 
To epread into bough», luxuriari, ramis 

BOUGIE, oenrus (wax light) : catfa«t6r 
(KoOtr^, eurgieal in*trument for drawing 
off th» water, Cxi. AureL). 

BOUNCE. Tobounuuporbaek,TeA- 
lire, resuft ar e. TAe haU bouneee bade 
from the top of the houee, resiUt grando a 
cuhnine tectL TAe water boumcee in the 
kettle», unda exiuUat ahenis. To bounce 
into the air, in akum expellL To bounce 
out, prosilire; prorumpere, emmpere: 
in, irrumpere or irruere in, Ac My heeut 
bounee», cor milii rite salit H Make a 
noiee, crepare. Bounce» at th» door, 
pulsare fores rehementer: quatere fores. 
H Vapor, owagger, se jaotare, insolen- 
ter glorivL || Bouncing, robnstus, va- 
lidus, ibrtis. A bouncing girl, virgo Yap 
lens, valida ; virago. 

BOUNCE, s., crq;>itus ; ictus, pulsus ; 
Jactado (boaoting) : min» (threat»), 

BOUND, ||6o«adary, limit, finis, 
terminus, Umes ; modus (due meature) : 
canoelli (barrier, properly and fgurativo- 
U). To fx the bound», fines terminare, 
fines constituere. To fix bound» to tome- 
thing (properly and figuratioel^, termi- 
noa, modum ponere tUicui rei To »et 
bounde to a thing (fguratively), modum 
facereaUcuireL To go beyond the bounde, 
fines transire (properly and figuratioehf) : 
extra fines or cancelfos egredi, modum 
excedere (figuratineU). To keep on€e 
telf within the bound» of modeety, fines 
▼erecundi» non transire. To keep, force 
one within bound», cofircere, condnAre, 
constringere aliquem. To keep on^e tdf 
within boumd», se cohibftre ; coercAre 

BOUND. [Vid.BoBDKB.1 jl^ei bound» 
to, temiinis cimuBScribere ; terminos 
statuere aUcui reL }^Confine,reetrain, 
drcumscribere, moderarC temperare, mo- 
dum facere (aUcui rei), colrdTe, repri- 
mere. • 

BOUND, H to epring. salire. Bound 
up, exsiUre, ezsultare. To bound into the 
•addle, in equum insiUre. || Rebound, 
reoHire, resnltare, repiellt, repcrcuti, re- 

BOUND. s.,saItU8; exsultado (a 6oam^ 
ing up) : repercussus (rd}ound). 

BOIWD. To be bound ana whither, ali- 
quo ire ; aUquo tendere. Whither are you 
bound f quo- tendis? quo te agist quo 
cogitas or ris (sc. ire) f 

Boundary, [vid. bouwd.j T%t god 

of bowedmie». Terminus : Ais fe^OoaX, 


Tttminalia. To irioe im a pott to mae^ 
the boundary, palum terminalem figere. 
A boundary ttone, lapis terminalis, termi- 
nus, saxum, limes in agro positus. Sol- 
diert ttationed on the boundarie», milicea 

BOUNDEN. Aboundendmty,omcium: 
debitum (duty a» a wtoral obligation) : de- 
bitum offldum. • 

BOUNDLESS, interminatus, infinitus, 
immensus ; immoderatus, immodicus (mi- 
moderate) : insadabilSs. 

BOUNDLESSLY, infidbe, hnmoderate. 

BOUNDLESSNESS, faiftnitas, immen- 
sitas : of time, nulla drcumscripdo tem- 
porum : qfpomir, potentia infintta. 

BOUNTEOUS. Vid. BoDNTirui.. 

BOUNTIFUL, largus, liberalis, benefi- 
CU9, benignus, munificus. To be bountiful 
to one, largum. Uberalem, beneficum esse 
in aliquem. Bountiful of hi» money, lib- 
eralis pecunia). VuL Obnbbous. 

BOUNTIFULLY, large, liberaliter. be- 
nigne, muniflce. 

BOUNTY, largitas, UberaUtas, benefi- 
oentia,benignitBS,mui^ficentia. \\ Premi- 
um, prsmium. pretium. || When a eol- 
dier enliet», auctoramentum. 

BOUQUET (o/i0M«),animaamphone. 

BOUT. At one bout, sfanul (at the earn» 
thne^ : uno intpetu (with one tffort, Cic). 
A drinking &)ut, comissado (a merry- 
making qfter a regular ccsna, wkh gamut, 
dancii%g, atroUing out into the ttreete. Sec.). 
ff^' (Jompotado, in Cicero, onlyattrant- 
laaon o/eouicboiov : aoC u»ed a» a Roman 
expre»tton by him or any other author. 

BOW. 11 fo bend, flectere, inflectere; 
cunrare, mcurrare. Bowed, infiexus, in- 
curvus : badtward, recurratus, recunrus, 
repanduB. Intb., flectL currari, iacnr- 
vescere. To bow, bow the hood, se denrit- 
tere, caput dendttere : to bow to any body 
(at a mode of ealutntion), acdinis saluto 
aliquem (^rTU>6.) ; salutare aliquem: down 
to the ground, aUquem adoro, reneror. 
To bow the hiee, genua flectere (general- 
ty) : genua (fieu) submittere (out of re- 

r; to one, alicai). They bow down un- 
tke ^oevht, incurrantur, oedimtque 
ponderi. To bow to one (JSgurativay). 
submittere se alicui ; se alicujus potestati 
perndttere. Afaa muet bow to the will of 
God, hominum rita jussis divin» legis 
obteoqwrat To bow to the ground (cnuk, 
depree»), frangere. dcprimere, opprhnere : 
oni» pride, superbiam aUoujus retundere. 

BOW, «., corporis inclinatio : to make 
a bow to any body, accUnis saluto aliquem 
(Amob.), or only aliquem salutare. 

BOW, s., arcus. Bow-otring, nenrus. 
A aro»»'bow, arcubaHista, manubalUsta. A 
bowman, Sagittarius : croe»-bow wtan, arcu- 
balUstarius. manuballistarius. A wutker 
0/ioiM.arcuarius. Within bow^Jkot, intm 
mi Jactum or conjectnm : out of, extra, 
dM% To bend a bow, arcum intendere, 
adducere. To get hi» food by hi» bow, ex- 
pedire alimenta arcu. A rainbow, pluvius 
arcus ; al»o from context, arcus. A bow- 
window, fenestra arcuata. Bow-legged, 
varus, valgus. || Of a etringed ia- 
«traiacat, plectrum. 

BOWELS. II intettine», intesdna 
(general term): viscera: exta (haemal 
parte which are eontidered le»t tfile : heart. 
Sec.). Bowele cf compaeeion, misericordia. 
|| Fio., inner parte, viscera, interiora, 
intima: of tke earth, of a mountain, viscera 
terree, monds. 7%e evil it tooted m cAs 
bowelt of tke ttate, inbteret malum in via- 
cenbus rdpublican. 

BOWER, umbraculum. 

BOWL, poculum, patera, pfaiala. scr- 
phtts : cratera or crater (for muing drink» 
tn) : pelvis ; aqualis. aqu» manale. || Of 
a fountain, labrum, crater. || Vid. 

BOWL, II /or rolling, globus. 

BOWL, TB., volvere: xntx., *conof 
dobis petere, *g^bi8 or conis ludere. 
Bowiinf, * conorum Insns. 

BOWS, \!iof a thip, prora, pars prior 

BOWSPRIT, mains prondia. 

BOX, area (wttA a lock, low, andplaoed 
on lAs ground) : cista and (ttOl tmallrr) 
oapsa (6olA portable, for valuable», book», 
fruit, &c.) : armarium (for thi$tg» in con- 



«tafilVM, ftoofcf, isIotAcf^ 4ec. : kwatU^ker 
tka» an area, had dMaions^ and wa» mrmf 
timt$ placed agaiaui a waU) : scrinium 
(«dAA oroitiinw, or pigeon-holes^ far iMtr»^ 
m t d icim e §^ valuable) : pyxis (far drug»^ 
&e^ properly ofhoxrwood^ also ^anf wood^ 
tmd eoen of metal) : areola, cf^pstda, cap- 
aello, clstaJa, ciatdhUa. An obumeni hozy 
nartlieciuin. ^ 2oC ftox, situla. Ballot boxy 
cista, cifltola. Dice bozy phimus, fritilhu, 
orco. A trong (oz. area. Bo% to keep 
ornament» in, arcula omamentoram, pyx- 
ia: for ringt, daetyliothtea. A clothe* 
box, armarium. A box in a ehop, nidna. 
A box in a dkeat. loculus. A box for 
pio.nt». ras. A medicine tee, nartfaedmu. 
II A Chrietmaa box iprtem^^ atrena. || In 
a theatre^ apectaculom altuni. (Vid. 
Xm, L, 35.) 

BOX, v., condodere, inoludere, in aroA, 
ciatd ; aepire, obsepire. 

BOX, \a blow, alapa (m the face with 
the ope», hand) ; colapnus {with the Jm). 
To give one a box on the ear, alicui cola* 
phum ducere, impiogere, infringere ; 
palmA aliquem pereutere. To box on£e 
■eare ooundlff aliquem pereutere cola* 

BOX, «n \\ fight with thefiet», pug- 
nis eertare. A boxing-wua<^ pugUlatio, 
pngiUatna. A boxer, qui pugnia certat, 

BOX, II a tree, buxua. Box-^oood, buz* 
um. Made of box^wobd, buseua. A flute 
of box'wood, tibia buxea, or eimjUjf biucus, 
buxum. Full of box, buxoaua. A place 
planted with box, buxetnm. 

BOY, Duer. A little bof, puemlua,-puMo 
(genera^) : pnpna, impniua {in endear- 
ment). To became a hojf again, repueraa- 
cere. To, leave boi^e pUuf, nucea zeUn- 
qnere. He ie pott a bof, ririlem togam 
anmait, ex ponia or ex ephebii exc<^t 
fFhen I wa» a boff, me puero. || Vid. 

BOYHOOD, ataapaerilia,pueritia, anni 
puerilea or pu e rili t atia. In bofkood, in- 
eunte state. From «y, ottr boyhood, a 
puero, a poeria. 
BOYISH, pueriUa. 
BOYISHLY, puerOiter. 
BOYISHNESS, puerilitaa, morca puer- 

BRACK, v^ \\hind. alliffare, deligare. 
U Strain, tenderc, intcnoero, eonten- 

BRACE, Tineulnm, eopula. || Band- 
age, ligamen, Ugamcnitumi, fitaeia; red!- 
micuhun. || Ten e ion, traaio {Htfgin^ 
Vitr., poe t -d aeei ca l , rare): tenaura {poet- 
daeeical, Hffgin^ ^Vc<-)- Moetiy b^ or- 
aumloaition with extcodere (e. g., ftmem) : 
imendere (e. g., ehordaa, arcam): eon- 
teodere (arcum, ice.) : intendere aliquid 
aliqui re (e. g., aellam loria). Bracee un- 
der a bed, inaattt», quibua aponda culcitam 
fert {Petron,). \i Of a ehip, funia quo 
antenna rertUnr; rudena. \\Bra6ee for 
breechee, * foadn braoeia anatioendia. 
II A pair, par : of pigeon», par colum- 
barum. TVy art found m brace», bini in- 

BRACELET, armilla, farachiale, rain- 
ttier [Tid. Abmlkt]. Wearing bracelet», 

BRACK, nqjtum, adaaum ; lima; riti- 

BRACKET (m tmographf), uncua, nor 
undnua, majf be «laaa ae technical term { or 
imrentheaia noCa or aignum {far double 
bradtete). To indoee m bracket», * uncia 
(not uncinia) inehidere. 

BRACKISH, aubaalaua, amama. To 
haoe a braekith taete, aalai or aubaalii aa* 
porta eaae. 

BRAQ, ae Jactaro, ioaolenter gloriari, 
geetire et ae efferre inaolontiua; linsuft 
eaae fortem ; aublatiua de ae dicere ; gforl- 
oaiua de ae prsdieare ; glori& et prMiea- 
tione ae eflwrre : qf «ay tAij^, g^riari ali- 
quA re, de or in ^quA re ; ae jactare in 
aHqu&re; aliquid jaetare, oafeentare. ren- 
ditare. He brag» ofM» merit», de Tirtnti- 
boa BUia prodfoat In order to brag of 
their gentua, Ike, ingenii venditandi me- 
mori»que oatentanwB eauai. Vain brag- 
ging, inania jactantta. A bragging »oU 
dier, giorioaOa nxQea. Bragging word», 



BRAGGART. }jaotator,oatentatar, 
BRAGGADOCIO, > venditator aUou- 
Jua rei (one who ie aiwa^f» bringing for- 
ward boaetfulUfhioreal or »uppo»edmerit»; 
e. g., fiietorum) : homo vanua (emptif, con- 
ce$ted fdlow) : immodicua aatimator add 
(who infiniubf overrate» him*eif) : homo 
vanUoqnua : homo (milee) glorioaua : jac* 
tator rerum a ae geatarum : fortia linguA. 
BRAGGINd, ji^tatio, oatentatto, vendi* 
tatio ; Tenditalio qua^dam et oatentatio 
(otf with alic^Jua rei» about any iking) : oa* 
tentatio aui : Jactantia aui (Toe) : rana 
de ae pnedicatio : Jactatio drculatoria. 
Grandiloquentia, magniloquentia {ueed by 
Cicero eeUom, and m other meaning»)r an 

BRAID, texere, neetere, plectere (onbf 
in participle plexus). To braid a boAet, 
fia^nam toxere. To braid garlande of 
fkrwer», eerta e floribua facere. 7b bread 
toy into the hair, bederi religare crinea. 
To braid the ha*r, comam in gradua for- 
mare or frangere, comere caput in gradua. 
BRAID, «., II of hair, gradua. A braid 
ofAower», flores texti or plexL 

BRAIN, cerebrum. A little brain, cere- 
bellum. To betU out the brain», cerebrum 
extundere, elidere, dispercutere. || Fio., 
cerebrum, mena. Hi» brain ia turned, 
mente captua eat, de or ex mente exiit, 
mente abenatuA cat. I» not your brain 
turned f aatia' aanua eaf To plu hi» 
brain», ingonii or mentis virea intendere. 
BRAIN, v.. alicui cerebrum diacutere, 
diminuere, oiapercutere ; cerebrum ex- 
dpere, extrahero. 
BRAINISH, cerebroeui^ phrcneticua 

RAINLESS, demena, iatuua, atoUdua, 
dedpicna, recara. He ie a brtdniea» fel- 
low, cerebrum non habet 
BRAIN-PAN, calra, calraria. 
BRAIN-SICK, mente eaptua, ddirua, 
Tecora, demena; dedpiena. 

BRAKE (fern), filix. U Thorn, thick- 
et, dumetum, vepretnm, scnticetnm, api- 
netum. || A brake for kemp, * instru- 
mentnm quo eannabia decorticatur. 
H Kneading-trough, magii. || Sharp 
bit, lupL frenum lupatum, or hipatnm 

BRAUBLE, Wblaekberry, raepber- 
ry, rubua. , Biramble buehee^ rubetum. 
II Thorn», dumi {bv»he» crowded together 
»oa»to make a »ort ofwildemee») : aentea 
(pridUy bu»he», thorn bu^e») : Teprea 
(eoaibine» both meaning»; thorn bu»he» 
growing thickly together). Bramble brake, 
dumetum. Sec. 

BRAN, ftirfur. Cf bran, ftirfureua. 
Braa-tiiU, i^urftiraceuB. 

BRANCH, nanus (a bougk from the 
trunk) : firona (leafif brtut^ of a bough) : 
terroes (branch brokm. off wtth it» leame» 
and fruit*'). A dry brcmeh, ramale. A 
vine brtuuk, palmea, aarmentum. A little 
bremdk. (bough), ramuhis, ramuaeulua. 
II Sprig, aurculua, aarmentum. Tb put 
Jforik branchee [rid. Bajjfcu, v.U exeee»- 
ively, ailveacere. To have braneke», fvan- 
derc. Fzo., ramus (branch or collateral 
Hne cf a etoek) : fiudUa (divi»ion of a 
gen») : para (porf). Broac* of a rtver, 
bracmum,par8 ; caput (one of it» mouth»). 
Branch of the eea, doua, aaatuarium. 
Branch of a mountain, ramus, brachiom. 
The four branche» into which moral» divide 
cArmaffoea, ouatuor perlea honettatia. 

BRANCH, v., frondescero; ramia dlf- 
fimdi ; luxuriarL A branching beech, 
patulaftigua. \\ Branch (divide iteelf) 
tnto two part»^ into oeveral part», 
in duaa, phuies partes dividL 7b brandk 
out a di»cour»e, orationem in plurea par- 
tes, in pluiima capita distineuere. || To 
tpeak diffusely, Intiua, uberius dicere, 
dlaputarc : ploriboa dicere. To branch 
out far, late ae fundere. 

BRANCHLESS, fronde or ramia carena 
or nudatus. 

BRANCHY.frondoaua; ramosua,ramu- 
losTU; patulua. 

BRAND, nfire-brand, ttdo (rivets, 
on or taken from the hearth, where it eerved 
for warmth, heat, Ught) : torria (torreo ; 
the burning brand from the hearth, eepe- 
dally from a pile or altar, where it looa ooa- 
»un»h»gaeorp»e,9ictimt&c.), Abmnung 


(r«»d, titio ardena,po(tioaZ, Tims (o^oMrf 
to exathictua). H Mark of diegrace, 
literarum nota Onuata), atigma. Via., to 
ca»t a brand of h^amy upon one, marulam 
or ^gn^ yp i jt^t ntn or notam tnrpitudinia aU- 
cui inurere ; aliquem ignomidii notare 
(of the o^uor). Q J^or cattle, nota, aig- 

BRAND, «. 7b &r«»d one, notam aUeui 
inurere, atigma alicui inacribere, baapo- 
nere. Fio. (rid. oAom, to caet a brand 
upon). Branded (properly), literarum 
not& or atigmatia noti inuatua. stigmatiaa 
(-»). Branded with «rrnie, infiunatua, in* 
tamis, famoaua : with cowardice, ignaviaa 
notA deaignatua. A bratuting-iron, can- 

BRANDISH, librare (haatam, to nriae it 
in a horizontal direction, in order to hwl 
it with greater force and a eurer aim) : 
vibrare (to brandieh it backward and for- 
ward; or m and down, in ordet to testify 
an eager aeeirefor the amhat) : eoruacare 
(to wuake a weapon gleam)', rotare (to «oikifl 
it round and round) : quatere, quaasare, 
criapare (to watpe, ekake, flouri»h). H Fig^ 
to orandiah tyllogiam», conduaiunculaa 

BRANDY, * Tinuta e frumento factum. 
* Tinum frumento expreaqum. Pliny 
epeak» qf the »pirituoue liquor» prqtared 
by the Indian» from date», kc^bythegen- 
aro/ (erm Tinum. 

BRASS, na, eria, metaHum; orichal* 
cum (properly a natural copper ore, and a 
kmdcf brae» prepared from &). Bras» ore, 
or 6ra«s atone, lapia earoaua. Full qf brae», 
SBroaus. Covered with bra»», sBratus. To 
cover with bra»», «ere inducere. Made of 
6r«as [vid. Bkazbn]. Abra»»pot,9henvaai. 
BRASSY (containing bra»»), cerosus. 
\\Hard a» bra»», aeneua, sratua. i|/fl»- 
pudent, Vid. Bsakkn. 

BRAT, infana, biiantulua (-a^ ; pueru- 
luiL puaio, pueUulfi ; filius (-a), fimyhu (-a). 
A beggar*» brat, mendid filiua. When you 
were a brat, te puenQo, pupHulA, i nfa nte. . 
II Vid. Child. 

BRAVADO, inanea minas {Cic) : (\m- 
mania) terror verborum (Ctc) : Tcrba 
minarum plena (Hor.: of threatening 
bravado). H Boaet, Jactatio, oaten t atio» 
yenditatio, &c. Vid. Bbaooino. 

BRAVE, H comrageou», Sec, animo- 
aus (oppoaed to timidua,/iftt qfhightpirit 
and animal courage to brave danger Jtar- 
le»»l^ : fortia (oppooed to ignavua, bravet 
with moral courage to brave danger and 
endure hardoh^) : atrenuua (oj^poeed to 
ignavua, going reeoluteiy and activdy to 
work, and firm and pertevering in carryrng 
it througf^ : veer (oppoaed to Tentua, evirit- 
ed, eager, fierf) : magnaninma (of lofiy, 
noble courage, eeU" »acri/icing\ Jn. fortia 
et animoaua ; ammoaua et rortis ; fortia 
eiXfme strenuua ; atrenuua et fortia ; acer 
et fortis. 7b be vary brave, egregie fortem 
esae. A brave eoUuer, milea bonus, egre- 
giua. Toa4oi0AaMe{fa6rse««Mn,aeror* 
tem pr»b6re, pr»atare. A brave drinker, 
acer potor. i| Splendid, fine, grand, 
magnificufl, aplendidua, proclarus, lautia* 
simna ; formoaua, pufcher, apedosua. 
\\ Excellent, noble, bonua, egregitu^ 
prteclarua, eximiua, excellena, pneatana 
You are a brave fellow (to a alave), frugi 
ea, frugi 68 homa '7^ a brave tking to 
die for oni» cou n try, dulce et decorum 
eat raro patrii mori. 

BRAVE {dtfy), v., aliquem provocaro ; 
contnmaoem eaae in aliquem or adversua 
aUquid, contumacitv apemere aliquid, 
contemnere aliquid. Since ke brave» uu 
to it, quando co me provocat To brave 
aU humem law», omnia jura humana eon* 
temnere. 7b oroee danger», obviam ire, 
ae offferrepericulis. 

BRAVEXY, ibrtiter, anhnoee, atrenue, 
aeriter; bene, egregie, pulobre, pnadare, 
eximte ; apecioae, aplendide, laute. 

BRAVERY. Wboldne»»: fortitado, 
fortia animua, virtua (virtua aAotca ittcf/'m 
energetie action, and acU on the offenmve: 
fortitudo in energetic reeietanee and un- 
»hr inking enduraatee: Hke conatantia): 
acrimoma (Jury courage). To beef dU- 
tinguiehed peraonal bravery, manu forteaa 
or promtnm eaae, H Splendor, Ao., 
q>lendor, omatoa, cultaa, Sw. || Boaab'^ 


/ft 9^0«^ Jactantk, oetentetio, TeiidUa> 
tio: ostenU^ sui: ^tantia mi (Toe): 
Tazi« de ae pnedicatao : jictanna circulsp 

BRAVO. «, aicariiu. |i /ntor;., fophda 1 
Muel &clauQ bene! laudol 

fiRAWL, «^ altercari, jurgare, rixaii 
Bntml ititk one, jargio contoulere cum 
aliqao, rixari com alkjuo, rixa mihi est 
com aMqaa BratU «*m each other, inter 
•e alterori, inter ae rixari, jurgiit certare 
inter ae. 

BRAWL^ §^ a Her catio, jurgiam, rixa, 
Utea (ioxn). 

BRAWLER, homo ju-gioaut; homo 
rizoBoa or rixm cupidua, rizator ; (a 
irmding advocate), rabula. 

BRAWLING, jorgioaiia, rixOana, xix» 
eimidiu: litigioaaa. 

BRAWN, U i»««c{««, muflcuB, tori 
(pottkal) : purtea corporis piuaculoaiB. 
B5rreii^xA,nerTi,lacerti,robur. Brawn 
qf she arm, lacerti, tori lacertorum ipoet- 
«ob2). n Boar*$ /leek, aprugna caro, 
^HTogna (wild): Terrina caro. 

BRA Winr, moacoloaua, torosns, lacer^ 
toras, robostna. 

BRAY, )\ pound, pinaere. contondere. 
l^A» an a$a, nidere. U 7o cry out, 
Todfexazi, clamorem toUere, edero : (fif 
aeptakeT) latrare. 

BRATING, tritura, contuaio : |j rudpr; 
Tociferatio, clamor ; clangor. 

BRAZE, e., waa indncure alicoi rei or 
aUqoid aa« indncare ; (tolder with bras») 
affcfiBrrominare: harden, durare; fron- 
tern alicoi perfricare. / am braud to 
ehame, obdnroit animus ad pudorem. 

BRAZEN, aheneus, atocus, asreut ; aft* 
nua or ahenua (pottieat) : no., the Braien 
Age, aetsa afioea. || Proceeding from 
brat*. A braun din, «reus souitoa. 
IHard, ehameleet, A brazen brow or 
faae, oa impodcna, durum or ferreum. 
A braun-faoed feUom, homo perfhcta 

BRAZEN, «.' Braun it out, impuden- 
ter er pertinadua aliquid aaseverare or 
«ffirmare ; impudentiam pr» se ierre. 
BRAZIER, labcr wrariua, «rarius* 
BREACH, II o/ a forti/ication, 
Bmnimentorum ruinae, jacentis muri rui- 
nsB. To make a breach in the wall, tor- 
mentis machinisque (pitk cannon, Stc.) 
perfringere ac aubriiere murmn, man 
partem (ariete incuaso) submere. Tio 
eater the dry bf a breach, per aportum 
ndnd ita in urbem invadere or trsinacen- 
dere. To repair the brtadue, muros quas- 
sos reficere. ^ Any opening caueed 
by breaking^, ruptum, scissum. To 
makea breach tn a thing. ali(iuid frangere, 
rampere, dirumpere. |1 Violation, vio- 
latao. Breach qf a league, fomleris viola- 
tio ; Tiolatom or ruptum icedua. ^reodk 
of friatdakip, amicitia» violatio ; amicitia 
Tlolata. To commit a breath of peace 
{make war), pads fidem rumper^ pacem 
tarbare. To consider Uae a breach tf the 
league, tf, Ac, pro rupto fcadua babdre, 
ri, dec Without a breach of duty, salro 
officio. /li««6r(iacAo/^a<y, cootraoffi- 
dam est. To commit a breach of duty, 
ab officio diacedere or recedere ; officio 
aoo deesae ; offidnm prwtermittere, neg- 
^pare, deserere ; ab religione officii in aU- 
qoA re decUnare. || Falling out, dis- 
cordia, ^i— <i<i'im. It comee to a brtaeh, 
res ad discordiaa dedocitur, disoordia ori* 

BREAD, pania. Common, every-day 
bread, pania dbariua, plebdna. Coaree 
bread, pania aecondua or secundariua. 
Pure, wdu bread, pania eilieineus. Light 
bread, panis tcner.. Light and white 
brtad, pania molli silidne. Good, bad 
bread, panis bonus, miluB. Hard brtad, 
panis durua. Old, new bread, panis vetus, 
recena. Yeefjerdaife bread, panis bester- 
noa. Leaecned bread, panis fermentatus. 
Muety bread, panis muddus. To eat 
eomethimg with bread, aliquid cum pane, 
ad pancm edere. What ie eaten with 
bread, opaoninm. The making of bread, 
panifidum. fVatU qf bread, mopia fru- 
mentaria or rd frumentarias ; penuria 
frnmenti or dhj. Bread-^aeket, panarium, 
paaariolum. Bread-market, forum piato- 
linm. IFxOi, eupport, euttenanee, 


Tictaa, rictoa qootidianua ; res ad Titam 
necessarie. To eeek hie bread, Tictum 
quasrere, qumritare. To earn hie bread, 
l^are ea, qu» ad victum auppeditant 
To earn hie bread *tiMy, iadle quaprere 
victum: by the eweat of hie brow,* vadort 
ac labore Tictum quaarere. He hae hie 
bread, babet undo vivat To labor for 
one'e daily bread, diumnm victum qua^ 
rere; diumo quasstu &mem propnlnre ; 
* quatstum quot^ianum £acere (quawtom 
quotidianum, Ctc, Cat^ 4, 8, 17). Want 
of on£e daily bread, inopia ouaMtAs, in* 
opia qnasatiis et penurui aUmentomm 
(Ter.). To iabor for on^e bread, victum 

SUBrere. He worked for hie daily bread, 
operA viu erat (Ter., Phorm,, S, 3. 16). 
To take the bread out of a man'e wumth, 
dqprioe him cf hie bread, victu aliquem 
pnvare, rejicere aliquem ad fiijnem. He 
hae hardly bread to eat,* rix habet, node 
vitam toleret 

BREADTH, latitudo. In breadth, in 
latitudinem; latos. A ditch ten feet in 
6r«a^, fossa decern pedes lata. Breadth- 
wise, in latitudfaiem. (I Magnitude, 
Sea., magnitudo; momffrnrnm, gravitaa. 

BREAK, frangere, mmpere (frangere, 
to break to piece» what ie hard} rumpere, 
to rend to piecee what ie flexible: wkni op- 
plied to any thing hard, rumpere impbee 
Mzertion and danger : membrum rump6> 
re. OS frangere. Cat., op. Priec, in break' 
iag a Umb the rending of the fleeh being 
the,tking eeen. Dad.) : diflringore {to bre^ 
asunder) : confHngere (to briah into email 
piecee) : disruiQpere (to burst aeunder 
what was originally entire) : divdlere (to 
tear asunder what was at first joined to- 
gether). To break the arm, iUp. &c., Iran- 
oere brachium, cozam. Sec I will brsah 
nie neck, irangam «tiua cervioem. To 
break a nun's head, diminuera caput or 
cwebrum aUcuL To break at the end, 
prwfiringere. To break small, cooterere, 
comminuere, contundere. His mi^for» 
tune breaks my keart, casu ctius frangor. 
To break a lanee with one, eum aliquo 
in certamen descendere. Intb., frangi, 
confringi; rumpi, dirumpi; adndi (to 
nUt). The waves break upon the root, 
traetus a saxo franguntnr, fluctua frangit 
scopulua. My heart breahs, dirumpor 
dolore. j| Brin^ to yield, tame, eub- 
due, frangere, inbringere ; vincere, doma* 
re. Break the obstinacy of a man, infrin- 
gere alicujus ferociam. Break a horse, 
e<]uum domare. Break a man*» power, 
aliciOus potentiam inftinsere, frangere 
aliquem. || The cold breaks (lessens), fri- 
gua minuitur, frangitur, ae frangit (not 
rumpitur or se rumpit). The cloude 
break, nubes mmpuo^ mmpnntur (not 
frangunt. ae frangrmt, or Iranguntur). 
[V\£ *^ break «m," below,] \\ Weaken, 
erueh, Stc, deoilitare, izmrmum redde- 
re; minuere, imminuere, comminuere; 
frangere, confloere, aflligere. Broken in 
body and mind, confectus corpore et ani- 
mo. Mu strength is broken^ vires me de- 
fidunt, deUlitor et frangor. / am broken, 
non sum, quails eram. To break the poeoer 
of the enemy, hostium rim pervertere. 
Our broken circum stanc e», res fractsB, 
fractao opea. || To break off, violate, 
put an end to, frangere, rumpere. 
Break tke eilenee, ailentium rumpene, ai- 
lentii ftnem facere. To break his fast, ci- 
bum capere, sumere ; solvere jejuniom ; 
(breakfast) Jentare. To break sleep, som- 
num interrumpere. To break off an inti- 
macy gradually, amicitiam remiasione 
uwQis eluere, amidtiam dissuere, non des- 
cindero (Cic). To break his word, fidem 
frangere, violare ; fidam prodere. To 
breJt Imee, lotea permmpere, violare, a 
legibus discedere (rumpere, poetical). 
B^eak hie oath, jusjurandum non servare, 
non conscrvare. Breah friendship, ami* 
dtiam violare, diasolvere, dirumpere. To 
break with one, ab anudtiA allci^us se re- 
movdre, amidtiam alicujua dimittere. 
II To make uneonneeted, frangere, in- 
terrumpere. Broken warde, vocea inters 
mptie. A broken voice, vox fracta. They 
break the ranks, ordines perturtMnt. The 
clouds ^reoA, nubes discutiuntor, sol inter 
aobea cfiulget I To brook a no», L e^ 


make him banhrupt, aUquem evertera 
bonia or fortunia omnibus; perdere aM- 
quem. To break, I e., becoau bmnkruvt, 
cedere foro, conturbare, cormere, cade* 
re, naufivgium omnium fortunarum fa- 
cere. H lo break, I v., diecloee, aperi* 
re, patefacere, detegero; (propose) pro- 
ponere. || To break, L e., refract, re- 
fringere. || To break open iteelf (of a 
sore), rumpL || Appear gradually, 
appetere. Day break», dies appetit ; lu* 
ceadt, dilucesdt, illucesdt || To break 
into tears, lacrimae prommpunt, emm- 
punt : itUo a laugh, in cachinnos or risna 
effimdi, risum tctlere. |i To break a 
man'e fall, aHquem (cadentem) exdpe- 
re. \\To break ground (plough), hgr^m 
proscindere. || To break wind (upward), 
mctare; (downwar d ) pedere. }({ To break 
aeunder, oonfringere, perfringere, fran- 
gere, dirumpere. H To break down, do- 
struere, demoliri, diruere; intercidere, in* 
terscindere (a bridge, pontem) : intk.» 
cormere, collabL Fio^ debilitare, infir* 
mare ; minuere. comminuere ; frangere, 
affligero, pessum dare, perdere : intb.^ 
debuitaii, Sec; in pejus mutari, pessum 
ire. H To break from, se abripere, ori* 
pere, abatrahere, avellere ; erumpere. 
To break from prison, vincula carcerta 
rumpere. || 7\i break in upon,'isktat» 
rumpere, turfoare. 7V> break into, irrum- 
pere, irruere: a house, domum perfrts- 
gere. To break tke door in, Januam ef> 
fringere. H To break off, defringere ; 
decerpere ; avellere : ism., frangi, pra»- 
frinsi . flowers, d ece rpere llorea : viepoinit 
•/t*0 aMr, prnfringcrehastam. H^io., 
to break of friendehip, amidtiam dinmi* 
pere, discmdere : a conversation, sermo* 
nem inddere, abmmpere. To break off 
in tke midet of a speech, prascidere (absor 
httely). But I break off, sed satis de hoc 
To break off from a thing, aliquid abfU»- 
re, desistere re or de re. Here the road 
breakt off, hie via finem capit H To break 
open, effiringeI^0^ refrlngere, moliri (e. g., 
finrea) ; resignare, solvere (Hteras, episto* 
lam) : intk., rumpi, dehiscere ; scindi 
(of the skin) : recmdeacere (of wounds, 
break open ^ireeh) : (of flowers) utricutun 
rumpere. dorem apienre. || To break 
out, erumpere; vincula (carceris) rum- 
pere: figurative, erumpere; exnrde»> 
cere. A war breaks out, bellum ingmlt; 
exoritur. Diseases break out among cAs 
rowers, morbi ingmunt in remiges. To 
break out (with the mange, with boils. Sec), 
acabie, pustulis. Sec, uiHcL H To break 
through the wall of a house, jpeirietem 
perfodere : tke door, eflfringere fores : the 
enemy, per medium hostium aciem per- 
nmipere. || To break ^p (into pieces), 
difiringere ; comminuere, conterere, con* 
tundere. Tb break up an army, miUtea 
dimittcnv. To break nip eakool, honee. Sec, 

* scholam, famfflntw, dimittere. To break 
up the cold, frigus solvere, diasolvere, re- 
solvere. To break up land, ajSTum occa- 
re ; agrnm proadndere. / will break up 
thie habit o/youre, adimam tibi banc eon- 
auetudincm. Tb break up (diesolve it- 
t*lf), solvi. dissolvi resolvi. 

BREAK, e., ruptum, scissum; rima: 
(spaot) intervallum. spatium inteijectum. 
[I Of day, prima lux ; diloculum. At 
break of day, ubi primom illnxit, primi 
luce, primo imacuio (cum), diluculo. Bs- 
fore daybreak, ante luoem : taking place 
then, antetucanua. From daybreak, a pri- 
nxh luce. 

BREAKER, qui fkvngit. mmplt. Sec ; 
ruptor. H Breakers, aistua maritimi in 
Utore ferventea. 

BREAKFAST, Jentaculnm. ||7b&raelc- 
/as(, jentare. 

BREAK-WATER, *raole8 portui ob- 
jecta ad fluctua maritimoa arcendoa; 

* moles fluctibus opposita. 

BREAM, spams ; pagrus or phagrua. 

BREAST, pectus, thorax: precordia 
(l*« cavitu of the chest, wiA the heart and 
lunge) : latus, latera (wM reference to cAa 
state of the lunge). To reeehfe wounds in 
ths breast 0. e., in front), vulnera adversa 
acdpere or adverso corpore ezcipere. 
A b r eas t wound, vulnns pectoris. A pain 
in ths breast, dolor pectoris, praacordio- 
rum. I Ths breasts, mammas Own- 


B B> B B 

eiaUy of Jmman hdng^ : ubera, •um (m- 
peeiaU^ of hrutes). Undtr the lift brtatt^ 
infra Isvam papfllam. Having l^ge 
breagt»; mammosoa. To put an tnftmi to 
ike hrtiuty mammam in&nti dare or jpras- 
bere. A little breast^ mammilla : H (ae 
the 9eat of feeling^ &c.) pectus, animus. 
The furies oftkebreaat^ domesticas ftirias. 
But vid. aiso Bosou. 

BREAST, 9^ pectos opponere alicui 
rei, alicui rei adverso pectore rosistere ; 
obniti, rcluctari Breatt the imims, flucti- 
bus (forti pectore) obnitL Brea^ adoere- 
itu, fortia pectora adversis rebus oppo- 
nite (impetC). 

BREASTBONE, os p^ptoris or peoto- 


BREAST-WORK, pluteus ; lorica. 

BREATH, spiritus; anima (breath of 
life) : halituB from the mouth) : respira- 
tie. i^iort breathy ipirandi or spiritus dif- 
ficultas, meatus animsB gravior ; aobelatio 
or anhelitus (jpaiuiiu'). Stinking breath, 
anima fostida, os fOBadum, oris foBtor, oris 
or animiB graritas. At one breathy imo 
spiritu, sine respirationo : to drinks non 
respirare in bauriendo. To hold the 
brMth, animam continfire or comprimere. 
Tofeuh, draw breath, spirare,lipiritum or 
animam ducere, spintum haurire. To 
Hop the breath, animam or spiritum or 
spiritAs viam interdudere [vid. ChokkJ. 
TO take breath again, respirare (prqpertjf 
and fgwativeljf) : se oolli^re, ad se re- 
dire (properly akd fgnrattvely). Out of 
breath, exanimatus. To put out of breath. 
exanimare. To be put out of breath uritk 
running, cursu exanimarL To the last 
breath, usque ad extremum spiritum. A 
breath of air, emrtL The breaOi of papular 
faieor, aura popularis. 

BREATHE, v., spirare, respirare, ani- 
mam reciprocare, spiritum trahere et 
emittere, animam or spiritum ducere. 
To bre<ahe freely, libere respirare. To 
breathe with d^fficultif, eagre ducere spiri- 
tum ; anbelare (to pant). While I live 
and breathe, dum quidem spirare potero, 
dum anim& spirabo meA, dum anima est. 
A breathing, spiritus, si^tlo, respiratio. 
A breathing between, interspiratio. To 
breathe upon, ai^are aliquem or alicui, as- 
pirare ad aliouem. A breathing upon^ 
afflatus. To hreathe into, inspirare. A 
breathing -hole, spiraculum. To breathe 
again (^figuratioatf), respirare, se or ani- 
mum colBgere or rocipere, recreari : tb., 
spiritu ducere ; haurire. To breathe the 
common air, auram communem haurire. 
Air ie fit to be breathed, afir spirabilis est 
To breathe out, exspirare, euialare : hie 
last, animam efflare, exspirare. The flow- 
ers breathe fragrant scents, odores e florl- 
bus afflantur. Acres exhalant odores. 7\> 
be breathed upon by serpents, a serpentibus 
afflari. To breathe a lofty spirtt into a 
man, alicui magnam mentem inspirere. 
Tour face breathe love, iacies tua spirat 
amores. His works seem to breathe his 

r' it, ejus mens videtur spirare in scrip- 
II To breathe a little (in a speech), 
peulum intcrqui^cere. A breathing, re- 
spbratio ; quies. || To exercise, exer- 
Cttre. II To breathe a vein, veuam Incide- 
re. II To breathe on^s last, vid. to give up 
the Ghost. 

BREATHING [y\d. above]. \\A rough 
breathing, aspiratio : the sign qf it, aiari- 
tos asper. Smooth breathing, spiritus le* 
nis. vid. Aspirate. 

BREATHLESS, exanimatus, exanimis ; 

BRED. Vid.BaxKD. 

BREECHES, brace» or bracts : wide 
ones, laxcB braccce: tig^ one», brace» 
strictee: w«artM^ (Aem, braccatns ; bracds 

BREED, gignere, generare, creare, pro- 
creare; parfire: ferro, efferre, proferre 
(e^ the eart^ nature). Where were you 
bred (bom) f ubi natus est Fio., to breed 
imitators, imitatores creare. Crime is 
bred of vice, scelera ex vitiis manant. 
This wUl breed a quarrel, rixam hoc ex- 
citabit iNTEn nasci, dgni, creari, gene- 
rari, procreari; oriri:^r»n^/or(A, pa- 
rere, partum edere, fetare, fetus edere. 
Ji Bring upf nutxire, alere, edacere, 


edueare; toiler^ susdpere : (ehOdren 
physically and maraUf) edueare, rarebf 
edubere. To breed came, pecus nutrire, 
e\exe, edueare. Wtil4ired, bene doctus 
et educatus, liberalibus disciplinis institu- 
tus : (genteel) nrbanus. To be bred up in 
a thing, aUcUi rei innutriri : to a thing, 
ad aliquid educari, ad aliquid a puero m- 

BREED, s., genus; seminium. Dogs 
of noble breed, nobiles ad venandttm ca- 
nes. In choosing the breed, in semixdo 
leg&ido. A royal breed, regie sanguine' 

BREEDING, partio, generatio, procre- 
atio, genitura, partus, partura ; fetura. 
Qood for breeding, fetur» habiUs. To 
raise Xanimals) for breeding, submittere. 
II Educational training^ educatio, 
discipUna; inftttutio; cnltns: mores. 

BREESE,OMtrus; asihis; tabenus. 

BREEZE, aura. 

BREEZY, flatibus or auris permulsus. 

BRETHREN. Vid. Brothkb. 

BREVIARY, epitome, summarium, bre- 
viarium (post- classical breviarium — 
olim, quum latineioqueremur, summa- 
rium vocabatur. Sen.). || Of the Rom- 
ish Church, * breviarium, *precatio- 
num liber. 

BREVITY. Vid. Bribfkess. 

BREW, potnm or oerevlsiam coquere. 
Fio., a storm is brewing, tempcstas unmi- 
net, impendet Wars are brewing, bella 
tumescunt || To plot, concoct, medi- 
tari; in animo agltaro; commiuisci, co- 
quere, r^Dcoquere. 

BREWER, coctor (oerevisi»). 

BREW-HOUSE, potaria offidna. 

BRIAR. Vid. Bribr. 

BRIBE, s., merees, pretium, donum, 
pecunia, largitio. To offer one a bribe^ 
pecuniA sollicitare or oppugnare aliquem. 
To take a bribe, pecuniam acoipere, fidem 

EecuniA mutare: never, adversam dona 
ivictiim anlmum gerere. To resist a 
bribe, largitioni resietere. 

BRIBE, v., cerrumpere, with or wthout 
pecuniA, mcrcede, pretio, donis, largitio- 
ne; pretio meroari, donis ad suam cau- 
sam perducere. 7b bribe the court, Judi- 
dum or judices corrumpere. He that 
bribes, CQrruptor, largitor. A judge that 
may be bribed, judex venalis (pretio) : that 
can not be bribed, incorruptus, integer. 

BRIBERY, corruptela ; largitio ; ambi- 
tus (for an office). Tb be pervert^ by 
bribery, adulterari pecuniA. 

BRICK, later, later coctus, testa. A 
Uttle brick, latereulus. A brick wall, mu- 
ms coctiUs, latericius. 7b make (form) 
bricks, lateres ducere, fingere : to bum 
them, lateres coquere. An unbumed 
brick, later crudiia. Brick-work, (opus^ 
latericium. To lay bricks, opus IsAerici- 
um ftcere. A bnek-layer, caamentarius. 
A brick-kiln, fomax lateraria. A brick' 
maker, laterarius. Britk-dust, lateres in 
pulverem contriti, testa trita. 

BRICK^ v., lateribus stemere. 
BRIDAL, nuptSalis. Bridal attire, 
* mundus nuptians. Bridal veil, flamme* 
um. Bridal garment, *vestL8 nuptialis. 
In her bridal garment, candide vestita 
(PUtut.) : II s., nupti». 

BRIDE, nympha, nova nupta : not 
sponsa. Bride-man, paranymphus (/ofe). 
Bride-maid, paranympha (Itue). Bride- 
cake, mustaceus or -um, placenta nupti- 

BRIDEGROOM, norus maritus (^ot 
sponsus). < 

BRIDEWELL, pistrinum, crgastulum. 

BRIDGE, pons. A liUle bridge, pontic- 
ulus. A bridge on piles, pons sublicius : 
qf boats, pons navaiis, rates (et Untres) 
junctie. To throw a bridge over a rivtr, 
pontem flumini imponere or injiccre, 
pontem in fluvio or in flumine facere, am- 
nem ponto Jungere. To break down a 
bridge, vontetn resdndere, intersclnd^re, 
intereidere, intcmunpere : peertially, pon- 
tem reddere : b^ind one, pontem faiter- 
scindere a tergo. || Of the nose, or 
an instrument, jugum. 

BRIDLE, v., (properly) frenare, infre- 
nare equum; irenos equo injicere. A 
bridled horse, oquus frenatus. || Fio., 
firenare, refirenare, ooiredre, oontlntee, 

B Et(} 

compxiBieiiS, Mprimere. 7b bridle ones 
passums, refirenare. coercire or r^ri> 
mere eupidjtatee (libidines^; modcrail 
ciDiditatibus; frangera cupiditatea. 

BRIDLE, frenum; hohen» (reins). 
To let him have the bridle, habenai remit* 
tere, frenos dare (properly and jigura- 
tfee^r). You mus; bite tA« bridle, doco- 
quenda est tibi animi eegritudo. 

BRIEF, brevis ; angustus, condsus, 
asbrictus, preasus. Jn., contractus et 
astrictus. [Syn. in Short.] A briff 
narration^ narratio brevis. To be bri^ 
(of a speaker), brevem (opposed to Ionium) 
esse; brevitatem adhlMre In aliqua re, 
brevitati servire. Time itself forces me to 
be brief, breviloquentem me tcmpus ip- 
sum fiicit Be "britf with it, in pauca con- 
fer, rerbo dicas, preedde; Id, si potts, 
verbo expedi 7b 6« briff (make short), in 
brief, ut in pauca conferam ; ne longum 
facwm ; ne longus sim ; ut ad pauca re- 
deam ; ut pauds dicam ; ne multa ; ne 
plure ; quid multa f ad summam : ne lon- 
gum fiat : ne (muhis) te morer : de quo 
ne mtdta disseram : ^d plura ? quid 
quieriB f denique. This is the brief of the 
thing, base sununa est 

BRIEF, «, liter» : dipldma. 

BRIEFLY, breviter (shortly, general 
term) : pauds (sc. verbis), breviter (in 
fOe words) : strictim : carptim (Imt slights 
ly, not at length; opposed to copiose). 
in., breviter stricthnque : praecise (touch- 
ing Vu principal heads, with omissions ; 
opposed to plene et perfectc) : presse or 
pressius (iti a com/pressed form, but fuUy 
and sufficiently ; e. g., defoire) : arte (or 
arete) : anguste (in small compass): quasi 
prKteriens (as if in passing). To speak 
or write briefly, breviter dicere, paucis dl- 
cerc, brevi pr»cidere ; panda or breviter 
scribere or perscribere. Briefly, but well, 
paucis quidem, sed bene. Briefy and 
condnsively, contorte. 7b touch briefy, 
aliquid leviter tangore, breviter or stric- 
tim attingere ; brevi pr»ddere. To give 
briefly, pauds verbis reddere, exponere^ 
comprchendere. To state any thing brief- 
ly, * paucis verbis reddere, exprimere or 
comprehendere aliquid. As briefly as 
possible, pcfquam breviter perstrmgcre 
aliquid atque attingere. 

BRIEFNESS, / brevltas (diccndi); bro- 

BREVITY, \ viloouentia(«aoi«iJ- 
ity). The expressive brevity of Thucydides. 
astricta brevitas TfaucydTdis. With aU 
possibU brevity, quam brevissime. 

BRIER, vepres, spina, dumus,. sentis. 

Syn. m Bramble.] A little brier, re- 

)redila. A place for briers grouting, ve- 

ir^tum, dnmgtum, spin^tum, locus vcpri- 

)U8 plenus. Dog-brier, sentts canis, cy- 

nosb&tos, rubus caninus. Of briers, spd- 


BRIERY, spinqsus. 

BRIGADE, caterva ; ala (afcavahry). 

BRIGADIER, ductor catervw or alw. 

BRIGAND, latro. 

BRIGANTINE, celox (swift-sailer): na- 
via piratica or prasdatoria (pirate), \\ Coat 
of mail, lorica. 

BRIGHT, clarus (bright by nature : then 
also of what is clear to the understanding) : 
luddus (shining with a bright, pure light : 
opposed to obscurus) : pellucidus (trans- 
parent } pellucid) : illustris (existing in 
light ; of a road, star. Sec., Cic, Verr., 3, 
94, 219): Inminosus (having abundant 
light): nitid\ik, nitens (shining beauti- 
fully, with ]i>ure brightness) : splendidus 
(shining with dazzling, fplendrd hrigJd- 
ness) : fulgens (blazing with fiiry bright- 
ness ; e. g., of a comet : opposed to sol 
uitidu») : serenus (caUn and doudlfss : 
of bright skies and weather) : por^picuus 
(transparent, of glass, &c. ; then evident). 
Bright eyes, ocuJi vegeti, micantes. clan, 
radiantes, nrdcntes, &c. A fury-brighl 
comet, comctcs iulgcns, nrdens. A bright 
constellation, clarum ddus. The sky be- 
comes bright, disserenascit : at dawn, lu- 
cesdt, illucescit || Make bright [vid. 
Bbightbn.] 7b be bright, clanim, ulus- 
trem, ice, esse: clarfire, lucfire, collu- 
oftre, nitSre, splendfire, micare, fbUierc 
7b become bright, darum, &c., fieri; 
darescero, nitescere, splendescore. The 
bram is bright wUh use, oMra nitent ustk 


^HdiMlas. }l{Iilu$trio%9, danu, fplen- 
didcu, iItaaDi% nusnifirai, pr«c)«nu. 
BrigH deedt, mMDific» res ge«t», facta 
qdoidida. A bright moMc, nomen fllu«- 
tre. To be bright^ tjdlhddre, fuls^re, ni- 
tfre, enitftvB, emc^re. H Bemutt/ul, ni- 
tkhu,iiiteiia. JUAcute^ingeniouBtmBa' 
tos, penpieaz, aollera, ingeoUMot. Ammm 
^ Mgki paru^ homo ingenioAu (et aol- 
kre), pra»ataiiti ingento pmditua. 

BRIGHTLY, clare. lucide, Ac 

BRIGHTNEdd, daritaa (geiurmlterm) : 
^ikndor, nitor (splendor mwCm jNMap, 
nttor onim uemnuati, timple ^eaai^) : can- 
dor (of the ahf^ Mm, Sec) : fiUgor (jEery 
brigkimea» ; c i^ of a eoiuC). The Jierf 
brwbtnem of the comet kmd overcome tie 
muder brightneee of the eun, atella come- 
tea ful^re mo aolis nitorem ricerat 
The brightneea {eleamemy of the «ftf, 
weather, aerenltaa. aereDam. Virtue has 
a brighltuee of her ovn, Ttrtos cptendet 
To loee brightnee» (of m thing), 
Brigktneee of inteUeet^ 
menda, Ingenii ; ingemi acOxnen. 
The hright$um of glory, folgor glorias. 
ITraneparency, pdhiciditaa. 

BRIG UTEN, aplcndidum or nitidom la- 
eere alSqaid ; in aplendorein dare aliqnid; 
mtoran iodncre alicui reL () Bnlighu 
t%, iSuminare, illaatrare. H Polish, po> 
Kre. H Olmdden, hilarare, exhilarare. 
r« frr^Aten c «uii» im, attqoem exhilarare : 
the comuenamce, exnilarare Tultiim, iron- 
lem ezpHcare: the mind, nabila anlmi 
ierenare, ab anlmo caUgii»em diapellere ; 
acoere mentem (eharpen), Iifttl, illua- 
tnri. Qluminari; niteacere, splend^Msere: 
(of men) difitaidi, hilarem ae facere. The 
akf bnghtme, eaaH aefenitaa redditur. nu- 
hee discQtitintiir, diaaereoaactt Hie/kee 
br^htau up, bona or mltua ae expUeat. 

BRILLIANT, «plendidos ( proper Jv and 
im y ro p aiih'. aplendena: fulgens: nuena: 
■taidas [SrN. in Brioht] : micana Lglii- 
tringUf bright) : Hhiatria : magnfflena 
( If f u par fy , the latter referring more to 
the real nature of the thing). The brill, 
iant paeeagee in a poem, esaineoHa, ium 
(QKint) : brUUani aehieveaunte, magnif- 
km tea «Mm : facta aplendida (f). To 
gain a bmliant Heuny, magniflce sincere. 
A brUUant reputation, nomen illnatre. 

BRILLIANT, «., * adtmaa qnadrfttia 

BRILUANTLT, aplendide : magniflce t 

BRDf,margo: an.(ihefntrmeTaeaUne, 
the letter ae a naee, eepedaltjf of a border, 
an ornamental, or at leaet artificial, edg- 
ing) : kbrum (properly ** lip,** the edge, 
brim, Stc, qf e om U k i ng hollow). Brim of 
a CUB, pocuU one or labra. || Upper 
eurface, sommoa, wkh a eubetantioe. 

BRIMFUU «d margl&ea (oraa, labra) 

BRIMSTONE, aolfur or aulphnr. Cf 
brhnaone, anlphnreua. Full of brimetone, 
•olphorona : eaturated with u, lulphnra- 

BRINDED. macoloai colons, macnlo- 
■at; albia mamtia; rarii or disparia co- 
kaia, diae<dor. 

BRINE, aqoa aalaa. fi For pickling, 
aabora, aalawmcntnm, muria : figuratiw- 
kf, mare (saknm) ; lacrime (mUib). 

BRING, ferre, afTerre, axportare, addu- 
cere, perducere {8tk. in CJarrt] ; adre- 
here (by a vdHcle or eh^): importarp 
(bring into the eoKiMry) : edacere (lead 
aut; cf^^a horee) ; dacere (lead) : dedu- 
eere (brtng on hie way, eepeeially for hort- 
or'e 9ah€) in locmn, comitari (aeampany). 
To bring (attend) one home, domnm ali- 
qnemdedocere. nbrin^oneto a person 
mat he may be taught by him, aliqn«>m de- 
dncere ad aUqoem. T^ bring an offering, 
men bcere. Bring the horee, equum ad- 
doeaa. Bring me water for ray hande, 
eedo aqnam manibna. He brought hie 
meeeage, letter, mandata, Uteraa pertolit 
Tie eouth wind bringe rain, aoater ap- 
portat liabrea. Tb iring fi^ one place 
to another, deferre, deportare, deducere. 
To bring word, mmdare : again, renon- 
tkue. To bring a propo eitio n brfore the 
pople, rmatiooem or legem ad popnhmi 
xn«: a mag bafof tkt aenate, rem ad 


aenatiimrefiBrre.' To bring to U^d, pro- 
ferre in hicem, e tenebria emere. To 
bring upon the carpet, in medimn pro- 
iferre. TV bring very mamy miefortunee 
upon a man' 9 houae or family, plmrbaaa 
^ makindomimialicii^jaainferre. Tobring 
troM^Ic; moleatiaacreare. \\ I hare brought 
the thing to that paea, that, Ac, eo rem 
dednxi, rem hue dedoxi, nt, Sec. To 
bring to extremis, ad aommam deapem- 
tkmem or in aumnram diiorimen addu- 
cere aliqnenL To bring into doubt, in 
dubinm rocare, derocare, revocare. To 
bring one to better thougkte, ad aanitatem 
aUqoem revooare. To bring to nothing, 
peairam dare, ad nihilmn or ad irritum re- 
digere. To bring to ruin, peaanm dare, 
perdere, ad interitmu rocare, pmdpi- 
tare : to poverty, ad inopiam redigere : 
to rememotance, memoriam alicQJna rei 
repetere, revocare: to amothefe reaum- 
bnnce, aUcoi aliquid in memoriam rero- 
care or reducere : into eubjection, in di- 
tionem auam (or aliciOaa) redigere, dl- 
tioni ana» «nbjicere : to an account, ad 
calculoa Tocare : to paee, efficere, perfl- 
cere, ad effectom dacere : to an end, ab- 
solvere, perficere, ad finem adduoere, ad 
exitom perdocere. || To bring (move, 
persuade^ one to a thing, aliquem ad 
aUquid adducere or perduoere; peraua- 
d£re alicui ut, &c. ; elicere (entice, coax) 
aUqoem ad aliquid. / can not be brought 
to believe thie, addud non poaaum, ut ere- 
dam, hoc eeae', addud non poeaom, mt 
hoc sit. 1 can not bring myee^ to, Stc, 
ab animo meo tmpetrare non poaamn, ut, 
Sic ; non sostineo (with inAnmve, or ac- 
euaative and ii{/initive). JH To bring ; I e^ 
to produce, yield, ferre, efficere; ef- 
ferre,proferre. || Cav«e; afTerre, pardre, 
mov6re. H Afford, prabAre, dare. To 
bring one honor, bonorl eeae aUcui. To 
bring a great price, magno venire ; mag- 
ni pretii eaae. || Bring about, efficere, 
perfioere, ad eflectum perducere, patrare. 
/ will bring it about for you^ hoc tibi eflec- 
tum poddam. || Brmg back, refinre, re> 
ducerc, reportare : «lord, renuntiare. To 
bring one each to dtOy, aUqmem ad bonam 
frugcm rerocore. || Bring down, deferre, 
deducere, derocare. \\Leee en, humble, 
breah. Sec, minuere, imminuere, lerare, 
elerare, debilitare, attenuare, atterere, in- 
firmare, frangere, enervare, labefectare : 
coatpletely, peaanm dare, erertere. To 
bring down a hietory to the preeent tiate, 
hifltoriam ad noatra tempore deducere. 
nBring forth (bear, produce), pacire;, 
ferre, efferre, proferre ; morAro, creare : 
(bring forward) proferre, produccre. 
11 Bring forward, proferre, producere ; 
in mewum proferre ; :=propoee, prapo- 
nere, (legen^ ferre ; ^advance, augftre, 
adaugdre, for ire, «ttoUere : witneeeee, 
testes proferre : an ar^uatent, argumen- 
tom anerre. || Bring tn, inferre, tmpor- 
tare, inrehere ; ducere, introducere~ in, 
&c. ; (cite) profbrre, affierre: szintro- 
duce, exhibit, aliquem loquentem or 
disputantcm inducere or fiujere, perso- 
nam (ajlctitioue pereonage) introducere: 
^z bring into currency or uee, indu- 
cere, introducere, inatituere : foreign uea- 
gee, peregrinos ritus asciscere. || Yield, 
product, ferre, eflfcere, reddere. 7^ 
land bringe in eight-fold, ager eSert or 
effidt cum octaro. 7%e money which (Jb« 
mines bring in, pecunia que redit (pecu- 
nisa quaa fecio) ex metalniB. || Bring off 
(save, clear), serrare, conterrare, eri- 
pcre (alicui rei or ex aliquA re), rindicaro 
(re or ab re), retrahere (ab re), salrum 
prBatare,avertere(abaHquAre). ||Br*fi^ 
o n, aUqucm in auxilium or consilium ro- 
care; aliquem socium assnmere or sibi 
adjungere: (produce, morire, ccnnmo- 
rfire, dflre, concitare, excitare. || Brirtg 
over to hie own aide, in partes suas du- 
cere or trahere. || Bring out, in lucem 
pi o fe tre, protrahere ; aperire, patefecere, 
dctegere, manifestum fecere; arguere, 
coarguere, erinoere. || Bring together, 
comportare, conferre, con^erere, oogere, 
coUigera, eontrahere. Ii Bring under, 
armia aubigere, ditioni an» subjioere ; re- 
primere, co£rc6re ; in offidum reducere ; 
ad offidum redire cogere. i| Bring up, 
educare [rid. Eduoatx]. To brmg up 


the army, exerdtum adduoore. The soi- 
diere who brought up the rear, militea qui 
agmen daudebant or cogebant 

BRINK, margo, labrum, ora. Syn. in 

BRINY, salras. 

BRISK, regdtua, rigena, riridus^alacer, 
hilaria. Intus, ardens, acer, impfger, rehe- 
mens, fenridus. Brieh winu, rina vaUda, 
ferrida. To be brieh, rigfire. 

BRISKET of beef, * pectus ceai bo* 

BRISKLY, alacri animo, acriter, hilare, 
laste, vebementer, cum rL Theworhgom 
on brishlM, ferret opua (Vhrg.). 

BRISKNESS, rigor, ardor err ferror 
animi, ria, alacritas, hilnritaa. 

BRISTLE, seta. J^£s MsOea rite, aet» 
horreecunt A boar's bach with the brio- 
Uessetup, terga horrentia riddis setis. 

BRISTLE, v., horrescere, horrere. Be- 
tas erigere. The hair brietlee upon his 
arms, brachia horrescunt rillis. A phal- 
anx brieding with spears, phalanx hor> 
reus hastis. BrietUng spears, hast» hor* 

BRISTLY, aetofua. ^Lihe brietlea, 
hirsutus, horridus. 

BRITAIN. Britannia. 

BRITISH, Britannicua. 

BRITON, Britannus. 
I BRITTLE, fragiUs (properly and figu- 
ratively), caducus (figuratively), 

BRITTLENESS, fragUitaa. 

BROACH, rem. 

BROACH, v., II spit, reru (reribns) 
figere. U To broach a cask, dolium reh- 
nere (afier the Roman way) : * (terebr^ 
dolium iq)erire ; primum de dolto hanrire. 
To broach the eaered fountaine, sacroa 
fontoa aperire, redu(fere. To broach 
(dieeloee, reveal), aperire, in lucem 
proferre or protrahere, illustrare et exd- 
tare ; in rulgua dare or edere, divulgare. 
7V> 6roacA on error, erroris ease auctorem, 

BROAD, II wiiie, latua. \\Spreading, 

Citulua. fi Large, amplus, spatiosus, 
xus, magnus. A ditch five feet broad, 
fbasa quinotte pedes lata. The plain ia 
three milee broad, planities in latitudinem 
tria millia paasuum patet TV» be two 
inches broaaer than, duobua digitis exoe- 
dere. TO wax broad, in latitucUnem dif- 
lundL A broad-spreading beech, patula 
fagua. The broad aea, mare apertiim. 
To have a broad conedence, pnrum rcligi- 
osum esse. Ae broad as long, quadratu t : 
figuratively, itie as broad as long, eodem 
redit : whaher. Sic, nihil interest, utrum. 
Sec Broad grounds, caua» or rationes 
grarietimffi. Broadfooted, palmipoa : 
oroad-breaeted, pectorosus : broad-ukoul- 
dered, latus ab humeris. Broad4eavedf 
latifolius, felio latiore. Broadeword, en- 
sis. II Of pronunciation, latus, ras- 
tua. A broad utterance, lat^do rerbo- 
rum. To pronounce letters broad, Itteraa 
dilatare. Clear, open, dams ; aper- 
tus, manifestus. Till broad day, ad da- 
rum diem, ad multum diem. Broad 
signs, manifest» signa. || Circumstan- 
tial, minute, latus, fuaior. || Coarse, 
rusticus, rastua. || Free, loose, liber, 
licena ; procax, impudicus. 

BROADEN, dilatare ; laxare, ampUfi- 
care, ampliare. 

BROADLY, late. Sec To speak broad- 
ly, voces distrahere : Uteres duatare. 

BROGUE, pero. || Of speech, oria 
per^prinitas, oa barbarum. 

BROIL, contentio, jurgiimi, rixa, Uter; 
turba, tumultua. Stn. in Quasbjbl. 

BROIL, v., torrAre, subasaare : on the 
gridiron, in craticuU torrAre or subas- 
aare. Broiled meat, dbua in craticuU 
aubasaatus. To broil on the coale, in 
prunA torrftre. The eun broiled the bod- 
ice of the Oaule, sol ingenti ardore turre- 
bat corpora (SoUorum. / am broiling, 
torreor msta, estus me torret, sol me tor- 
ret, estuo, ardeo. 

BROKER, pararius (Sen.), proxenfita, 
intercessor, interprea. A eotaU broker 
(money -changer), numularius. 

BROKERAGE, proxeueticon, inter- 

BRONZE, BS. Qf bronte, atneuB, 
«reus } ex ceore faotoa or expreaeua. A 



hronzey aimnlacrom ex ttre expnmam, 
fiwram ; dgnum aAneom. 

BRONZE, It. afineum coloinem indur 
cere alicui reL 

BROOCH, gemina, omamentum gem- 

BROOD, v^ incubare (toitk or without 
ovis or ova). To bt wont to brood, incu- 
bitare (e. gn in cellia). To brood (L e^ 
hatch youngs, polios ex oris exdudere, 
puUoa exdodcre, excludere. A brooding. 
mcubatio, incubitus ; puUatio. To brood 
oner (L e> ooter with the wing»), fbrdre 
pennis. |j Fig., night brood» upon the 
»eay nox incubat ponto. He brood» over 
hi» grief», fovet suoa dolores. The mieer 
brood» upon hi» loeked-up etore, araraa 
daiuU tiiesauria incubat To brood over 
(devi»», convoetf &c.\ in animo agi- 
tate ; comminisci, molizi, machinarit co- 
qoere, concoqaere. 

BROOD, »^ fetura, fetus, subolea, pro- 
genies ; paHi, puUities. Dove» have «*ght 
brood» a year^ colambsB oeties anno puDot 

BROOK, rims. Little brook, riyulus. 
A ruehing brook^ torrens. Cf a brooky 
riralis. Brook tootcr, aqua rivalis. 

BROOK, v^ ferre ; devorare (Jto twal- 
low ; e. e^ ddorem, molestiain, lacrimas). 
To brook injusticepatiently,ixijnT\»axx nquo 
animo rectpere. He brooked the wrong »i- 
lentiy, tacitus tuHt injuriam. To brook U 
ill, eegre ferre. 

BROOM, ffenista, spartam. A broom^ 
fieid, spartanum. Butcher'» broom, rus- 
cns. N Be»om, scopaB. Broom^iidty sco- 
parum manubrium. 

BROTH, jus coctis camibus : sorbiCto 
(any thing that is »ueked «pV Chicken 
broth^ j«s gallinaoeum. Veal broth, jus 
•gninum. Meat etewed in brotk^ dbus 

BROTHEL, lupoinar, lustrum, fornix, 
atabulum. To frequent brothel», lustrari, 
hipanaria frequentare : a visitor of »ueh, 
iustro, scortator. 

BROTHER, frater (al»o affectionatety 
toward a brother-in-laio, a confederate, 
4kc) : full brother, i. e., of the »ame father 
and mother, lar, at leaet. of the tame father, 
frater germanus: of the eaate mother, fra- 
ter uterinus, frater un& matre natus. 
Brother-in-law (huaband» brother), levir, 
mariti frater : (wiftf» brother) uxoris fra- 
ter: (»i»ter'» hu^Ktnd) maritus sororls. 
Brothet*» wife, fratria, uxor fratris. Fo»- 
tar-brother, quern eadem nutrix aluit, col- 
lactaneus. Children of brother», fratres 
(sorores) patmeles. Brother and eieter, 
tratres. Twin brother», (fratres) geminL 
A little brother, fraterculua. A war be- 
tween brother», bellnm frntemum. A 
brother4(Hler, fratricSda ijuhich i» included 

BROTHERHOOD, fratemitas, necessl- 
tudo fratema. j^ermanitas (frazemal con- 
nection) : sodditas, sodalltlum {cxtmpan- 
ionehip, See.); sodalitas, collegium, cor- 
pus (Jratemity, a»»oeiation) : genus, na- 
tio (race, »^. 

BROTHERLY, fratemus. Inabrother- 
2y manner, frateme. 

BROW, II eye-brow, supercilium. 

1 Forehead, frons. The bending or 
nitting of the brow», stipcrciliomm oon- 
tracdo. To knit or wrinkle the brow, fron- 
tern contrabere, adduccrc, attrabere : to 
clear it, frontem remittere, exporrigere, 
explicajne. A lofiy brow, frons alta. A 
low, email brow, frons brevis. A eevere 
brow, frons severa, tristc superciUum. A 
haughty brow, grande supercilium, super- 
cilittm. \\ Countenance, face, mMaa; 
OS. II The brow of a mountain, supercili- 
um montis, summum jugum mends. 

BROW-BEAT, (torvo or minaci) vultu 
aUauem terrfire, perturbare ; aUquem im- 
puaenter or insolenter tractare; in aU- 

auem insolentius se gerere ; aliquem hi- 
ibrio habere. Bnm-beating, ^solens, 
Buperbus ; eubetantivdu, Mporcilium. 

BROWN, fuscus (dark brown): enh- 
1A^er (bladiieh) : pnllus (dirty brown, in- 
clining to Naek) : badins, snadix (ehe»i- 
nut b ro w n ) : cerviaus (»tag-irown) : fril- 
Tus (brown'^yeUow). 
BROWN, «., color friscus, ice. 
BROWN, «.,fuscare.infiiacare. Brmm- 


ed by the emn, aduatloria cdorli, •oUbdf 

BROWNISH, subfiucus; subEufus. 

BROWSE, depaacere, tonddre, atton* 
d«re: intb^ pasd, tenera rirgulta ton- 
ddre, sepem depascere, ftxmde% cari>flre^ 

BROWSE, »., teners virtfulta, frondes. 

BRUISE, contundere, ooUidere. elidere, 
terere, conterere. 7V> brui»».in a mortar, 
tundere, pbisere, contundere. To bruiee 
to duet, in pulverem redigere, in pulverekn 
conterere. To give a man a truieing, 
aliquem puffnis (fostibus) contundere, 
ooncidere. Bruieed under a cruel yoke, 
crudeli domkiatione qppressi. A bruieed 
epirit, animus fractua, afflictus, detJectus. 

BRUISE, «., contuaio; coiitustun; ic- 

BRUIT, v., (aliquid^ in vulgus edere: 
fiunam al£cujus rei oiTulgare : differre 
aliquid rumoribus. Jt i» brwiled abroad, 
rumor, fama, or senno est: sermo datnr 

BRUIT, «., rumor: fama: sermo, Sec 
[Vid. RxpoaT, s.J II Noiee, Vid. 

BRUNETTE, virgo sobftisca; mulier 
Bubfuscula. ' 

BRUNT, impetus, incuraio, incursus; 
coneursua, congreesio [Stn. m Attack, 
«.] ; Tis. II Blow, ictus ; figwr<ait)ely, ful- 
men, casus. To bear the brunt of the bat- 
tle, maximum proalii impetum suatin&re. 

BRUNT of battle, (primus) pugnas inu 

BRUSH, «., penidllus or peniculua : for 
coating a wall, penidllns tectorius: for 
dothe», peniculua or peaidHua. A bnuh 
of- brittlea, seta, * scops setis faotsa. 
\iA»»ault, &c, impetus, incursus; pug- 

BRUSH, r., verrere, ererrere; (peni- 
cBlo) tergere, detergere, extergeoie. He 
bruehed awau a tear, lacrimam detersit 
7%« eouth wtnd bruehee'the doude awam, 
notus detergct nubila cobIo. Brfuh off the 
dew, rorem excntere. To bruek yp, pin- 
gere;omare,exomare;reficen. \iSweep 
over, graze, Terrcre ; stringere, pra»- 
stringere, destringere. || To brueh by, 

BRUSH-WOOD, Tirgnlta; aarmenta, 
cremium (CoL). A bnnm of brtuhwood, 
scopes rirges. 

BRUTAL, -^y the genitive, beluamm or 
pecudum. || Cruel, Ac, atrox,. crude- 
ns, ferns, inbnmanua, jmnianis. A brutal 
fdlow, homo inhumanisetmus, monstrum 

BRUTALITY, inhnmanitas, imaianitas, 
fieritas, crudelitas. 

BRUTALIZE, intx., obbrutescere ; 
efferari ; humanitatem suam abjiccre : 
tb., brutum, inbumanum reddere. To 
be wholly brutaUted, omnem humanitatem 
exuisse, abjedsse ; obduruiaae. 

BRUTE, ae^., aensAs expera, sensu ea- 
rens, bmtua. || BeetiaL A bruu ani- 
mal, brutum animaL jj Rough, fierce, 
&C., durus, incultus, ferua, atrox, Inhu- 
manus, faqmanis. 

BRUTE, «., brutum animal, be8tia,.be- 
Ina. Stn. in AifiMAi.. 

BRUTISH, generally bduarum or pe- 
cudum. Thie ie brutith, hoc est bdua- 
rum. In a brutieh manner, bduarum 
more, pecudum ritu. BnOieh luet», be- 
luinaa roluptates. || Savage, &c, ferus, 
immanis, inhumanus, durus, incultua, rus- 
dcua. U Lumpiehf etolidus, fatuus, he- 
bes, stupidus. 

BUBBLE, «., bulla: a ^itOe onA bullula. 
II Pio., res vana or inanis, res levissima, 
commentnm, re» ficta et commendcia, 

BUBBLE, v., buUare, bulltre. \\Boil 
up, cflferreacere. \\ Of brook», Stc, 
kndter aonare, auaurrare ; micare, aalire. 
n Of a fountain^ acaturire, emicare. 
A Mtbling, buUltua; uatua: of a fount- 
ain, acatebra. A bubbling fowUainj tea- 

BUCK, maa, masculua, added to the 
natne of the aniaud. Ji Buck-goat, ca- 
per, hircus. II Male deer, oerma mas, 
mas dama. Budukin, pellia «errina: 
buek-rabbit, cuniculus. 

BUCKET, aitalua, sitnla, hydria, uma; 
modiolus (on a wheel for drawing watei^ : 


hama (for drawing and oarrying, «»> 
daUyaJb^^ucket)' A little bucket, dttSkt^ 

BUCKLE, fibula : qfa eho», fibuU cat 
cearia or calcei. 

BUCKLE, v., (Amid aubnectere. || T» 
buckle for the fight, ae acdnyire ad pug- 
nauL To buckle to a thing, dare ae aHciU 
rei, ae u>plicare ad aliquid, incumbere im 
or ad aliquid. To budae with one, pumot 
cOnserere cum aliquo. 

BUCKLER, scutum (lar^), cllpeua 
(eataller), parma; pdta (small, and qfthe 
ehap» of a half moon). A tittle buddert 
acutulum; pnrmula. 

BUCKTHORN, rhamnua catharticua 

BUCKWHEAT, polygonum iagopf- 

rum (Linn.). 


BUD, »^ gemma, germen, oculus (qf 

tree»^: cdyx (qffiower»! a little bud, en- 

lycuios). Fio., to nip in the bud, aliquid 

primo tempore qpprimere et exstinguera. 

BUD, v., II put forth bud», gemmai 

agere, gemmarei germinare; pullulare. 

To be ready to bud, get bud», ffemmascere. 

Budded, gcmmatus. A budding, gemma- 

tio or gemmatus ; germinatio. || Bud 

out, provenire, exidstere. || Inoculate, 

arborem inoculare, arbori oculum inao- 

rere. || Bloom, florescere, Tigescere. 

BUDGE, v., loco or ex loco aemovere ; 
loco cedere, cedere: frigam capere^ IVi- 
gere ab or ex aliquo loco. 

BUDGE, 04;., moroaus, tristia, tetrieao, 
austerus, severus. 

BUDGET, saccus, «acculns, pera, bal- 
ga : igurativdy, copia 

BUFF, corium bubulum, pdlia bubula. 
A buff coat, «lorica bubula. || Bt^ (in 
colof), luteus. 

BUFFALO, bos builehis (lAn.) : buba- 
lus i» doubtful. 

BUFFJ^T, U in the face with the 
palm, alapa. || With the fiat, cola- 
phus. \iStde-board, ehecne. 

BUFFET, 01, colaphos alicui im|dnge- 
re, fdapas alicui duccre, aliquem pugnis 
contundere or cesdere. / buffet the wave», 
altema brachia ducens fluctwus obnitor. 
BUFFOON, maccus (harlequin): aan- 
nio, coprea ; versa ; scurra (Jeeter of a 
higher eort, a» at the tabiee of the great). 
To play the buffoon, scnrrmri, scurram 

BUFFOONERY, scurriHtas (Dial de 
Or.), dicacitas scurriUs, Temilitas, Joco- 
rum lasdvia. 
BUG. cimex. U Beetle, scaraberaa. 
BUGBEAR, formido. Fio., to be a mere 
bugbear, specie non re tcrribilem ease. 
BUGGY, dmicum plenus. 
BUGLE-HORN, comu Tenatorinm: 

BUILD, sadiflcare (houte», ek^w, town», 
&C.) : struere, construere, cxstruere, nao- 
Uri : condere (to found) : exdtare, edu* 
cere (carry up, erect): architectari (by 
rule» of art): iacere. To build-bff&r», 
praaatruere. To build to, astruerc, a4}un- 
gere aliquid alicui rd.* around, circum 
struere. To build up a place (cover it 
toith building»), locum coatdificare, aadi> 
ficare, inedificare. 7^o build on the eand, 
alicujus rei fundaznenta tamquam in aqui 
ponere (Cie., De Fin, 2, S3. 73) : to build 
a row or row» of house», domoe continu- 
are : to build wuh freeatone, aaxo quadra- 
to conatmcre : on another man'» ground, 
oadifidum in alieno exatrucre. A weU- 
built man, perhaps homo formA honeati 
et UbendL Bee» build their cell», apes fia- 
gunt favoa. To buHd caatle» <ii the air, 
aomnia sibi flngere (vid. Luer., 1, 104) : 
to build any bwiy out, alicujus luminibos 
obstruo-e or officere (L e^ pl'*^' ^* o6«A>> 
ele b^ore hie windowe) : to tmUd a bridge 
over a river, pontem in fiuvio (or flumino) 
ikcere, in flumine efficere ; anuem ponte 
jungere ; pontem flumini fanponere or in- 
jicOTe e over a matreh, pdudem pontibaa 
ponstemere : to build a&ipa, navea «Ufi- 
care. Intb., sBdlfieare, donmm or -aa 
edificare : (generally) to conetruci, 
ooDStruere, nngere, fabricare, facem 
II To build upon (figuratively), fidere, oo» 
fidere alicui ; conlldere, nitor diquA re. 
BUILDER, osdiflcater ; conditor ; ardi- 



ItMtai. Fio^ sdificBtor, fidxicfttor, oon- 
<fitor, sQctor. 

BUILDING (the «0. edlfie«tio, ex»di- 
lleaxk», exatroctio: the atruetun^ mdiActt- 
tio, flBAfichun, opus. LUtU building; 
edificKtianealm iCic.\ Building mptari- 
•b, materbi {wood for building : tigrm 
(feaaa, itc.y : taxa («tonci; &c). ^ po*- 
tionfar bnUdbi^t * immodlciam edifican- 
di itadiani. 

BULB, bnlbiu. 

BULBOUS, banxwns. BwXbotu root», 
* plant» toberoeas. 

BULGE, rimM agere, «qoaa haniire; 
ridere («nfc). || Tb bulge. owC, procor- 
rere, prominAre. 

BULK, «mplitiido, Aagnitndo ; moles 
(wtMts). Tb Ota by the bulk (L e.. without 
eaet calculation or meoMuremetU), per 
arersionem or urcrnone readen (Jur.). 
I Compaoa, ambttaa, spathun. The bulk 
tfa akapy nairis capadtas. t| Main part, 
pan maxima, major mimerua ; moltitddkk 
\FTojection, procnrsua, crepido: pro^ 
JBctora (Fftr.) : prp)ectam (Poiwy. 

BULKY, magnas, ingena. || do rp u- 
lent, craams, pinfuia. JH Heavy, gra- 
Tla. I Solid, solidas, denmu. 

BULL, taoms; dux gregia. Of a buU, 
tanxeiu, taurinHa. A story qfa eoek and 
a buU, tiatrlctilaram fabula } perhap» * oar- 
ratiaocnU, ctd nee caput nee pedes {after 
Cic^ Div^ TiL, 31, rca, ita contractas, nt 
nee ciqpat, nee pedes : = ita torbatas, nt 
neadaa nbi inaniaa, ubi ilnias). H To 
make «H^ Mr*£mt*pngnantialoqnen• 
do lisom andientiDus morere. H The 
bull in the todiae, Thoma. H The 
bull of the pope, * litem sfgno pontifi- 
cia Komani impresBflB. 

BULL-DOG, * canis Moloasns (lAnn.). 

BULL'S-EYE. To hU Ike bulTo-eye, 
medinm ferire. 

BULLOCK, jnrencaf. 

BULLET, ^ana plnmbea, glans. 

BULLION, aorom or argentom rode, 
lUKt luvn, 

BULLY, «^ bomo jpngnax : UngoA fbr- 
maiif a cowardly buuy, momty Tnraso in 
the eld commntatore) : homo rixoaus or 
zixa cnpidna : homo jurgioans {GdL, 
f OJTebu wa feOow) : rizator (Qviat). 

BULLY, «., fioverbear with »<»«- 
ee», ftc> miids ac terrore eommov6re: 
o butrqw re alicni, obtnndere aliquem or 
anrea attcni (Jby talking). Pomponiu» «da 
bullied into moearing, &c Jmmtit hoc 
terrore cooetoa Pomponios. H To treat 
with savage cruelty, perhaps aapere 
traetBre, fatjorioaius (PUtuL) tractare, s»- 
Tire in alieniem aol^re. 

BULRUSH, jnncua, scirpns. 

BULWARK, propngnaculum, plurdl 
mnnimentB, opera ; casteUnm. Fio., pro> 
poffnacnlnm, praskHom, defensor, Sec 

BUM-BAILIFF, * apparitor or viator 

BUMP, tomor (general term for swdl- 
ing; ocolomm, crurum): tuber iprotu- 
hertking e xe re sc e n ee ; hunch, boil, property 
a tn4^y. A Httls bump, tuberctdum. 

BUMP, 9. r%^ aUqnid offendere ad nH- 
qoid (aeddentalli^ : aliquid iUidere or Im- 
pmgere aHcni rei (jmrposely). To bump 
wtyhead agabtet the door, caput ad fores 
offimdere. 7\> buu^ his head sevtrely 
againat the wall, caput parieCi ingend im- 
peto impingere. Iimu, offendere aUquid, 
undi «r impingi aUcui ret 

BUMPER, caUx plenns. 

BUMPKIN, homo rusticna. 

BUNCH, tumor, tuber; struma (serof 
ulous buneh, especially on the neck) : 
hunch, gibba, gibber. A little bunch. 
tsbercuhzm. |] Cluster, raccmi: df 
frape», nra: of hry-berries, corrmbus. 
i Bundle, £ucu, faacicnhia, maolpuhis : 
eifpene, ffwcia calionomm. 

BUNCH out, r., endnere, prominfire, 
cxsiare ; tnmdre, extnm#re. 

BUNDLE, (aada, fsbiciculua (as bound 
together, tobethe more easily carried ; e. g., 
efwood, ^aw, lignomm, stramentorum) : 
uanipuhia, fas^ndua mannalis (not too 
big to be carried by hand) : sarcina, sar- 
cimila (as burden). Bundle of rods, ft«- 
eiM f Udiumu . Bundle of letters, fiwcicu- 
los epittcrfarum. To carry a bundle cf 
books under hk ornk tedcuhtm tibrorom 


fobalApcmaiis. In timifaa^ ftadatim or 
fcaceatim; man^ralalim. i As a bur- 
den, aardna, aarcinula. 

BUNDLE «p^«M eoUigere, compooere, 
in fascicnlos coQigai«, aarciaulas alligare; 

BUNG, obtnrameatnm : of cork, oortex. 
To take out a bung, excutere obtonmaen» 
turn. Bung-hole, oa (dolii): orifidum 

BUNG «jpf «., oa dotii obturare. 

BUNGLE, 9. a., inadeoter, imperita, 
infabre fiaoere or confioere ; cormmpere ; 
deprarare : any thkur, opua inacienter 
liKera or oonficere. To bungle -a song, 
di^ordera carman. H Bungling, in* 
adena, imperitua; nuihia. A busSf^ling 
business, opua inacienter Actum. 

BUNGLER, bomp imperitos : homo in 
arte auA non aada veraatua : " imperitua 
artifex (of an artist). 

BUNGLINGLY, loadte, imperite, infa- 
bre, minua commode, crasae, m^e. 

BUN, pania duidor, placenta, cruatu> 

BUOY, index dictvoa rei ad bmax 
maria podt» or aiua. 

BUOY up, v.y BUBtinete, auafeeotare, ful- 
dn. * 

BUOYANCY, leritas; hOaritaa, alaexi- 

BUOYANT, quod ab aquA auatineri po* 
teat or sustinetur ; levia. Fio^ Tegetaa, 
hilaria, alacer. 


BUREAU, armarium. 

BURDEN, «., onus (general term), aar- 
elna (what a man earriee or may carry). 
To boar a burden, onua ferre, suatindre. 
To take a burden upon amis self, onua re* 
dpere, anadpeie: to lay it down, onua 
depooere. To be a burden to one, abcui 
oneri eaaa, moteatum or grarem eaae all. 
euL I will bear the burden of thi» odkuM, 
mt^m hujua iuTidi» aaadnebo. A ship 
of burden, navla oneraria. Beaet of bur- 
den, jumentum onerarium, Jumentum; 
jnmentum sardnarium (e. g., pack-horse). 
II A sh^ of 300 tone burden, naria trecen* 
tarum amphorarum. Flo.. load, press- 
ure, Ac, onus, moleatia, mcomniodum, 
eura. |) Taxes, onera, munera. JUThe 
burden of the song, reraua intercala> 
ris (Serv., Vbrg., EcL, 8, 21) : rio., this is 
ever the burden of his song, eandem canit 
cantilenam (7Vr.). 

BURDEN, v., onerare, grarare ; oneri 
eaae aUeui, grarem or moteatum eaae ali- 
cni; moleraam alieui aflferre, molestiA 
aliquem afficcre. The body greatly bur- 
dens the mind, corpus pr « g r a y at animum. 
Burdened, oneratua; graratua; graria^ 
onustus. To burden one wiA aAbtg ob- 
tundere aliquem rogitando. 

BURDENSOME, gravis, moleatna; in> 
commodna, iniqnus ; operoane, laborio- 
BUB. To be burdensome [vidL BumDKir, t.] : 
to be more and more burdensoms, ingrap 

- BURGESS, dvis, municepa ; senator, 

BURGLAR, perfoasor (parietum) 
Plmut. : perfosaor only (Appul.) : eft'rao- 
tariua (Sen., Ep., 68): effractor (Paul, 
Dip., &c.). 

BURGLARY, effhicturu (Paul, Dig;) : 
or dreumloeution wkh domum paz^in- 
; parieteBpcrfodcre (to contmitfriir^- 

JURIAL, sepultura, htmiatio ; funus, 
exBcquie. Burialrground, aepulcretum, 
ccemeterinm. To rqfuse any body a bur- 
ial, aliquem sepulturA pn^bfire. Vid. 


BURLESQUE, jocoaua, Joenlaria, ridk> 
uhia ; ad aliud quoddam idque ridicninm 
argumentum detorsua. 

BURLESQUE, v., rldieuhmi reddere, 
in jocum or rlaum vertero ; ad aliud quod- 
dam idque ridlculum argumentum detor- 
qntoe (taparodf). 

BURLY, magni corporis, grandis, mag- 
nitudine insignis, vastus, In^iena; robna- 
tus. • 

BURN, Tx., abaomere or coosnmere 
igni, flammia, inoencBo; urere; ineende- 
re, inflammare (to set in Jlames) : combn- 
rere; igni necare (qf a living person) : 
amburere (bum round, half bum) : cre- 
mare, ooocremare (atpeeiaUy <tftke deud) : 


miQnre(i^ bum here and there; em bread, 
meat) : inurere (to bum in, brand). Ta 
bum any body alioe, aliquem vivum conii- 
burere. H To hurt by burning ((Af 
hand, for instanee), urere, adurere. || To 
bite, sting, urere, pungere, m<»tiere. 
N Pa re A, urere, tantse. liUse for 
ii^ht, Stc, urere, in lumen urere pr utL 
H Of lime, brick», A;OnCoquere. Intx., 
deugrare, conflagrare (flammis, incen- 
dlo); flammis, incendio absumi, consu- 
mi ; arddre, fla^^are ; uri, aduri, comburi, 
exnii ; creman, concremarL He bumsd 
his father*e house, domum patemam 0^ 
rea patrioa) incendio absumait The tem- 
ple of Diana was bunted on that night, 
eA nocte templiui Dian» deflagravit To 
bum ittcense, tura adoldre. To bum to 
ashes, in dnerea redigere: to coals, in 

carbonea redigere. To bum aU (lay 
tfitAjCre),omnkignivaatare. Sun-burned, 
aole adnstus. To bum on€s aeif, uri, soi- 
bttri. HaU'-bumed, semiuatus, semiustu- 
latus ; ambustus ; aemicrematua. H To 
glow like firi, ardfire, flagrare. jj To 
be kot to tke touch, ardere, flagrara, 
canddre. || To be iuflammable, ig- 
nem eondpere posse<- || To be heated 
with desire or passion, ard6re, in- 
censum esse (e. g., cupiditate, amore) ; 
flagrare, conflagrare, asetnare (e. ^ uh 
vimA flagrare or {Bstuare ; invidias incen- 
dio conflagrare). /6itr»toae«yoM,incen- 
BUS sum cupiditate te videndL 

BURN, s., ambuatio, usti