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University of California. 







THE "A. D. C." CamB 

THE "A.D.C." 


crsonal ^emiittsctntts 




Thin. Cojt. Camb^ 




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September, 1879. 


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Several Dramatic Clubs liavc been started, from 
time to time, either by Town or Gown, in Cam- 
bridge, but no one of these has ever achieved 
the permanent success of the A. D. C, or Amateur 
Dramatic Club of the University, which it Avas my 
good fortune to have had the opportunity of founding 
in 1855, so that next year, 1880, it will have existed 
for a quarter of a century, a duration unexampled in 
the history of Cambridge Dramatic Clubs, whether 
Academic or Oppidanic. 

The most celebrated non-academic University Dra- 
matic Society in Cambridge, called the Cambridge 
Garrick Club, was started in 1835. Among its 
members it numbered very few University men, and 
these were graduates, professors, and fellows of Col- 
leges, who were elected, not qua University men, but 
as Eesidents in the town of Cambridge, who, having 
a taste for English Dramatic Literature, were willing 
to encourage a Club that could show on its list of 
honorary members, the names of Charles Kemble, 

VI Preface, 

W. Macready, Sliericlan Knowles, Liston, and Douglas 

Whether any of these distinguished characters, 
— ^with the exception of Sheridan Knowles, whom 
the Club entertained at a banquet given in his 
honour, and Macready, to whom the Club presented a 
silver cup, — ever actively assisted at the meetings, 
or performances, of the Cambridge Garrick Club, I 
have been unable to ascertain. As, however, in the 
last published notice of their performances at the 
Earnewell Theatre, where Macready played Knowles's 
Virginiiis^ the critic of TOe Camlridge Chronicle^ -^^g- ^j 
1836, expresses a hope that the subscribers to the Club 
may ^'see Mr. Tilbury on the next Garrick perform- 
ance in a character of more importance," it is just 
probable that the Cambridge Garrick continued its 
representations for some little time after the Great Mac- 
ready Star had disappeared in that one overpowering 
blaze of triumph, which must have been enough to ruin 
any ordinary Club ; for who would pay their money 
to see the attempts of local talent, after witnessing 
the finished performance of a great Dramatic genius ? 

This Club may exist now in some shape, and twenty 
years ago there was a to^vn Dramatic Club, but 
nobody of any note belonged to it, and its repre- 
sentations, which took place out of term time, as a 
rule, at the Barnewell Theatre, were given by Messrs. 
Quince the carpenter, Snug the joiner, Flute the 

Preface. vii 

bellows mender, Snout the tinker, Starveling the 
tailor, and last but not least. Bottom the weaver, 
all tradesmen of the town, with aspirations, but 
without aspirates, who, for aught I can recollect, 
may have been associated together under the style and 
title of the Cambridge Garrick Club, — but I do not 
think this was so, neither do I suppose this society had 
anything whatever to do with the Cambridge Garrick 
of 1833, which, apparently, came to an end in 1836. 

But of all University Amateur Performances the 
most ambitious was on Friday, 19th March, 1830; at 
the Hoop Ilotel, when Much Ado about Nothing was 
given, with an Epilogue Avi'itten by Lord Houghton 
— then Mr. E. M. Milnes — through whose kindness I 
am enabled to place before my readers the cast of the 
Dramatis Personam on this occasion, together with the 
Epilogue above mentioned. It was spoken by Mr. 
Staftord O'Brien, who then exhibited those admirable 
di'amatic faculties which he afterwards showed to such 
advantage in the amateur theatricals at Lord North- 
ampton's seat (Castle Ashby), at the Duke of Bedford's 
(\Yobuni Abbey), at Lord Lyveden's (Farming Woods), 
and many other country houses where a fine dramatic 
taste was then prevalent. The burlesque, A Knock 
at the Door ; or, Worsted toorks Wo7ide?'Sj written and 
acted by him and Mr. Milnes at Castle Ashby, was 
privately printed and is now a great bibliographical 







Performed Friday^ \Uh March, 1830, and printed at the 
request of the Performers. 

Don Pedro 
Don John 
Leonato . 

Borachio . 

Verges . 


Oatcake . 

Hero . 
Beatrice . 


Cast of tfje (lITijaractcrs. 
E. Elltce (present M. P. for St. Andrews). 
R. "W. Blane (late Colonel in Grenadier Guards). 
A. FrrzRoY (son of the Rev. Lord Henry FitzRoy). 
R. MoNTEiTH (of Carstairs). 
S. A. O'Brien (Augustus Stafford, Secretary of the 

Admiralty in Lord Derby's first Administration). 
H. Arundell. 
H. MooiiE. 

J. H. Preston (Sir Jacob Preston, Bart.). 
E. B. G. Warburton ( Eliot Warbnrton, author of The 

Crescent and the Cross; lost in the fatal fire of 

the Amazon). 
J. M. Kemble (son of the eminent actor, Charles Kem- 

ble, and author of i\\Q History of the- Anglo-Saxons). 
A. H. Hallam (Henry Hallam, son of the historian, 

and author of the remarkable Memorials pub- 
lished after his death). 
J. B. Bowes (winner of the Derby in 1853, with "West 

E. Bruce (now Marquis of Ailesbury). 
C. Vandeleur (Crofton Vandeleur, long M.P. for 

Co. Clare). 

C. L. KlEWAN. 

R. M. MiLNES (now Lord Houghton). 

E. H. BuNBURY (distinguished scholar, Fellow of 

Trin. CoU.). 
H. Clarke. 


R. M. MiLNES. 

Before our corps their scenic task renew, 
Gentles, I would a word or two with you ; 
And fear not — Benedick forgets to sneer, 
When he remembers he is acting here — 
And Beatrice, your graces to obtain, 
Anxiously doffs " her Ladyship Disdain." 

[LooHnc/ at Beatrice. 

Preface. ix 

Some weeks ago we tortured every ear 

With the trite nonsense of a scribbling peer,* 

To-night we dare the opposite extreme, 

And Shakespeare, Natures nohley is our theme ; 

But chance if then we sunk our shaft too low, 

To-night we aim too high — well — be it so. 

Our cause is good, and it may claim some praise 

To have restored the forms of Shakespeare's days ; 

{^Pointing to the Ladies. 
When the men-ladies, as their parts might fall, 
Were taught to trip and simper, and *' speak small " — 
And, when delayed, th' impatient Monarch raved. 
The excuse was, " Sire, the Queen is not yet shaved." 
'Twas thus we chose to act — the risk is run — 
Our will has triumphed, and the play is done. 
No power has tightened the scholastic rein. 
And gate-bill thunders have been hurled in vain. 
What ! if we thus our unchecked coui*se pursue, 
Who dares to tell us what we may not do 1 
Why may we not in living truth upraise 
The masquing meri'iments of antient days 1 
Why may we not, at no far moment, see 
Juliets M.A., and Romeos D.D. % 
Then shall the witches dance, or Caesar fall 
Stabbed by his Brutus, in a College Hall. 
Then in most tender converse shall be seen 
An amorous Proctor and an ogling Dean — 
While Heads of Houses don the gamesome gear. 
And Chafyt makes a grand debut in Lear ! 
Some short time more, the Drama shall replace 
Euclid's grim frown, and Algebra's lean face. 
And they who, lusting after laurels, now 
Gaze with such rapture on a curve's cold brow, 
Or who, in deference to a father's word, 
Pay forced addresses to an ugly surd, 

* The Follies of Fashion, by Lord Glengall, also performed at the Hoop 
t Master of Sidney College— then Vice-Chancellor. 


Shall find, within our Drama's golden store, 

Garlands to win, and beauty to adore. 

"You're going out in honours, my dear fellow?" 

" Yes — I shall take my Master's in Othello." 

** And I, more humble, for my Senior Op., 

In ^ Charles the Second ' — take up Captain Copp." 

*' What, you not passed ?" " No ; for the rascals say 

I acted well, but did not know the play." 

" Hamlet, our Senior Wrangler — the Buffoon 

In Twelfth Night, second — Cato, Wooden Spoon." 

Are these the phantoms of a stage-sick brain % 

Well, we have other hopes not qidte so vain. 

Tho' some full sated with collegiate lore. 

May tread these boards, or shift these scenes, no more- 

Tho' all of us too soon may actors be 

On wider stage, with sadder scenery — 

Still other Tyros shall give utterance here. 

New hands applaud them and new voices cheer, 

And fan to flame the fire we humbly lit — 

The simple exercise of harmless wit — 

While fresh rewards, each rising genius hail. 

Till Time itself, or Trinity, shall fail. 

But ere our artless pageant disappear. 

We ask one boon — if, in some after-year. 

In evening hours, your eye should chance to light 

On any name you recognise to-night — 

On some brief record of their mortal lot — 

Married, or murdered, ruined, or Avhat not % 

While natural thought returns upon its track. 

Just pause, and murmur, ere you call it back, 

With pleasant memory, sipping your liqueur — 

" Yes, yes, he was a Cambridge Amateur." 

The Rivals^ Lord Houghton informs me, was also 
played, first in Cameron's rooms, over the Combination- 
Eoom, in Trinity. This Mr. Cameron, now an eminent 

Preface, xi 

clergyman in Kent, is the father of the wonderful 
African pedestrian. Its second performance took place 
in lung's College, at the rooms of the Eev. William 
Giiford Cookesley, who, by the Avay, was subse- 
quently my tutor at Eton, in whose pupil-room my 
first play was produced. In Tlie Rivals Mr. Cookesley 
played Sir Lucius^ besides undertaking the stage- 
management ; Mr. Bernal Osborne was Young Abso- 
lute^ and he has not belied the character in his public 
life; Sir James Colville, now ''Eight Honoui-able" 
and Judge of the Privy Council, was Sir Anthony ; 
Lfjdia Languish found an admirable representative in 
the Hon. Charles Manners Sutton, afterwards Viscount 
Canterbuiy, to the last ''the prettiest man about 
town;" and Lord Iloughton was Mrs. Malaprop, 
Avliich accounts for liis being a master of the Eng- 
lish language. On this same occasion they j)layed 
Bomhastes, which explains my tutor's accurate 
knowledge of the dialogue and the business, when 
we got it up under his superintendence, in his 
pupil-room at Eton in 1852. The above-mentioned 
performances, however, never resulted in the forma- 
tion of a Club. 

As far as I can ascertain, an endeavour to start a 
sort of Dramatic Society was made in 1849 by Mr. 
Alfred Thompson, the present editor and illustrator 
of The Mask, to whom I have alluded in the course 
of these memoirs, but it did not succeed. 

xii Preface. 

Until we hit upon the plan of possessing ourselves 
of our own rooms — giving ourselves a local habitation 
and a name — the notion of forming a Club had been 
limited to merely getting together a number of ama- 
teur actors, and arranging for a performance, to 
which each should subscribe his share of the ex- 
penses. In this there was not even the permanent 
bond of union that existed in our ancient University 
Dinner Clubs, ''The Beefsteak" and ''The True 
Elue," and the modern Qiiare Hcec — i.c.^ "Why this 
Club?" — to which the members subscribed by the 
term, and were jointly interested in the Club pro- 
perty of dinner-plate, wliich had been purchased out 
of the subscriptions. 

The idea of the A. D. C. was an adaptation of the 
Cambridge Union Club, substituting dramatic enter- 
tainment for political debating. I now see that the 
Society, if recognised and directed by judicious autho- 
rity, could work for a higher end, and for a far more 
important object, than was contemplated by its first 
founders, who will readily admit that their notion 
in starting the Club was to obtain a fair oppor- 
tunity for the exercise of their dramatic talents^ thus 
affording themselves novel and intellectual recrea- 
tion, and their friends a considerable amount of 

In these days when the question of the estab- 
lishment of a School of Dramatic Art is being 

Preface. xiii 

earnestly discussed, where could it find itself better 
placed than in the University, which, tardily but 
certainly, has already shown itself not unfavour- 
able to the legitimate development of energy in this 
direction ? 

Dramatic Art requires that its leading professors in 
every department should be men of education, of taste, 
of refinement. Consider for one moment what is in- 
volved in the conscientious production of an Historical 
Drama. What care, what research, what accuracy in 
details are absolutely necessary. Here are study and 
work for the painter, for the archaeologist, for the 
designer of costumes, for the musician, and, if there 
are to be ^ mechanical effects,' plenty of exercise for 
the ingenuity of the machinist. 

In a school of Dramatic Art should be comprehended 
all the above-mentioned studies, while, — but cela va 
sans dire^ — first and foremost, should be placed the 
study of our National Drama, side by side with that 
of France, Italy, Germany, Spain, past and present, — 
so that the instruction should benefit the aspiring 
author as well as the intending actor, each of whom 
would here master the first principles of his art, 
while the latter, at this early stage of his career, 
would learn to appreciate, intelligently. Dramatic 
Art as a profession, eminence in which demands 
exceptional acquirements, apart from \h.Q^ possession 
of exceptional gifts. 

xiv Preface. 

HithertOj into the much-abused ^ Theatrical Pro- 
fession ' fools have rushed where angels would fear 
to tread — being afraid of soiling their wings. Now- 
a-days there is a growing desire to see the profession 
of Art generally recognised as bestowing on the artist 
an honourable status in society. 

Ladies, to whom the schools of painting and music 
are open, no matter how gifted by nature for the 
stage, are nervously shy of having anything to do 
with it, except as a dernier resBort of absolute necessity. 
Yet, in these days, when the disabilities under which 
the gentle sex formerly suifered, are gradually being 
removed, when they have a College to themselves, 
near Cambridge, under the very eye of Alma Mater ^ 
surely they could participate in the advantages which 
would be offered by a University School of Dramatic 

In time there would be burses, prizes, dramatic 
scholarships of a respectable pecuniary value, with 
which the aspirant for dramatic honoiu'S could make a 

The University gives its B.A. and M.A., and the 
Eoyal Academy its E.A. and A.E.A. If the Ai'ts of 
painting and sculpture are thus evenly privileged 
with the University, why should there not be also 
founded a Corporation of Dramatic Art ? Music has 
its degrees : our Literature its prizes and professor- 
ships. Perhaps wo may yet hear of a ^ Garrick 

Preface. xv 

Scholarship/ — a Eosciiis' Professor, and degrees of 
'F,R,A: (First-Eate Actor), 'M.D.A.' (Master of 
Dramatic Ai't), and so forth. 

If these hints, however lightly put forward, 
suggest action in the matter, the cause, which so 
many of us have at heart, will have been so far 

In concluding my ^ recollections ' I have to record 
my thanks to Mr. Ion Trant Ilamilton, the most 
indefatigable of secretaries, for his notes, and to 
Lord Carington, a former president, for his most 
cheerfully given assistance; to Mr. Kelly, Mr. Free- 
man, Mr. Charles Ilall, and the Hon. Evelyn Ashley, 
for their contribution of ' recollections,' and to vari- 
ous members of the ^A. D. C.,' past and present, 
who have kindly aided my memory. Also I must 
specially acknowledge my obligation to the Club 
generally, which some years back confided to my 
care the only records extant. To Mr. J. W. Clark, 
M.A., Fellow of Trinity, who has so heartily 
and generously laboured for the good of the 
Club, I tender my best thanks for the information 
he has afforded me during the progress of this 

Finally, it must be ever gratefully borne in mind 
by our members, that it is to H.E.H. The Prince of 



xvi Preface. 

Wales, who, as a member of the University, most 
goodnaturedly accepted the Honorary Presidency, 
and is still personally interested in its welfare, the 
Club owes its first recognition by the authorities, and 
thenceforward its existence as a quad Institution. 

Floreat ' A. D. C ! 









OCTOBER TERM, 1855 52 


END OF OCTOBER TERM, '55. — LENT TERM '56 . . . .76 


LENT TERM 1856 80 




MAY TERM, 1856.— SECOND YEAR 07 " A. D. C." . . . . 105 


xvili Contents, 


OCTOBER TERM, 1856 124 




MAY TERM, 1857. — THIRD YEAR 148 


OCTOBER TERM, 1857 159 


LENT TERM, 1858 171 


FOURTH YEAR OF THE " A. D. C." : 1858-'59. — END OF THE 










Contents. xlx 











NINTH year: MAY TERM, 1863, TO LENT, 1864.— RULES OF 1870 



THE '^A. D. C." CAMB, 



The initials "A. D. C." stand for Amateur Dramatic 
Club. It is composed entirely of members of the University 
of Cambridge, but it admits as ** honorary members " Oxford 
men who belong to a similar institution at the sister Uni- 
versity. I am not aware if this rule has been in any way 
enlarged, for the sake of exceptional amateurs who may be of 
neither University. 

Although with true Pickwickian modesty, ** I cannot put 
myself in competition with those great men, Plato, Zeno, 
Epicurus, Pythagoras, who," as Mr. Leo Hunter pointed out 
to that eminent character, were " all founders of clubs," yet, 
at least, I may claim for myself the largest share in the 
original idea; and those of my co-aequales, and contem- 
poraries, whose memories will carry them back to 1855, will 
not, I think, be inclined to deny me the credit of having 
stuck to the ship, — certainly to "the boards," — and of having 
brought her, with the assistance of good men and true, per 
varios casus, per tot discrimina rerum, into those smooth 
waters, where, propelled by friendly breezes, she has since 
held on her prosperous dramatic course. It is about nineteen 


2 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.CT Camb. 

years since I resigned tlie direction, and often have I had ifc 
in my mind to publish some memoranda of what ^yould, I am 
sure, be interesting to so many. 

The Club has increased and multiplied from very small 
beginnings, and on its list are to be found names of the 
highest eminence, whether by virtue of rank, or talent, — 
names of those who have since made their mark in life. 

Fortunately, when the " A. D. C." was started, we kept a 
record of our doings. At first it appears to have been 
carefully, but rather prosily, written, and was intended to 
contain " full, true, and particular accounts " of the per- 
formances. Several hands were engaged on this work. 
Gradually the writers became lazy, and the book degenerated 
into mere businesslike minutes of committee meetings, elec- 
tions, and so forth, until, probably, an entirely new volume 
was purchased, and a fresh system inaugurated.* This early 
record of the "A. D. C," as well as many of the first play- 
bills, I have before me for my guidance, and now, without 
further preface, I will draw upon my own recollections of the 
commencement of the Club. 

In the October term of 1854, my first term at Trinity, 
the notion occurred to me how much more amusing than 
cards, drinking, and supper, would be private theatricals, 
with, of course, supper to follow. Perhaps the fact of 
my having written a piece — an " original work," compiled 
from my recollection of farces, in which I had seen Buck- 
stone, Charles Mathews, Compton, Keeley, Wright, and 
Paul Bedford — was at the bottom of this idea. Besides, 
I came up to the University with some reputation for this 
sort of thing, among Etonians at least, as a farce of mine 
— (another original work composed in much the same w^ay, 

* This new book which I have now by me — thongh the kindness of Mr. 
Brookficld, one of the best amateurs I have seen, either on or off the "A.D.C." 
stage, is half filled with long-winded descriptions of the performances, and 
amateur criticisms which are most amusing. But it lacks the fun of our first 
book of records. 

The First Step. 3 

only more so) — had been performed in my tutor's pupil^ 
room, under the special patronage of my tutor himself (the 
Rev. William Gifford Cookcsley), — ^Yho was an admirable 
audience, — and this farce had been not only actually printed 
in Windsor, and sold for a shilling a copy — (I fancy it must 
have paid its expenses, as I do not quite see how I could 
have otherwise settled the printing bill — I hope I am not 
still in his debt ; but anyhow I was a minor, and there is the 
Statute of Limitations for my protection) — but it had also 
been played in public, for a benefit, to a crowded house at the 
Theatre Eoyal, Worthing, by a company of professionals, for 
One Night Only ! * 

So it became known and accepted, at college, that I was an 
authority in theatricals, and before the term was out, we had 
contrived a capital little stage in our rooms, opposite Trinity 
College, over a grocer's shop, now swept away, and its place 
taken by Trinity New Buildings; we had got together our 
company, which was quite Shakspearean, in one respect, i.e., its 
ladies. But here we were most fortunate, as was the "A. D. C." 
afterwards. Lads between eighteen, nineteen, and twenty-one, 

* I haven't the heart to dispel the ilhisive impression in anything lint 
whispering type, wbicli I give as a sort of aside to the reader, but I must in 
all honesty explain how this work of an unknown author of fifteen years of 
age came to be acted before a crowded audience at a public theatre. The 
AVorthing Theatre was not at that time much of a place either to speak o/, of 
to speak in. I am talking of what it was a quarter of a century ago, in 1852. 
The players came and went, and generally managed to pick up something 
from " bespeaks " and " benefits." The manager called on a relative of mine, 
and asked him for his patronage for a certain evening. He happened to have 
my farce lying on the table (all my family, I believe, had been supplied with 
copies, whether gratis or not, I am unable to say), and stipulated that its 
performance should be the condition of his patronage. The manager accepted 
the farce — promised, and played it. I remember seeing the bill. There was 
the usual "great attraction " and so forth ; but 1 regret not having witnessed 
the entertainment. So that is how my first farce came to be played in public 
by the sad sea wave. By the way, I think I have got my dates pretty correct. 
By reference to an Eton list, 1 llnd I left Eton in 1853 ; therefore, as I 
matriculated at Cambridge in the following year, my first term Avas in 
October, 1854, before I had completed my eighteenth year. 

n 2 

4 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A,D.Cr Camb. 

slim and guiltless of whisker or moustache, downy fledgelings 
whose delight was then not to encourage hirsute growth, hut 
to shave, could easily ''make up" for the female characters, 
and represent them admirably, voice excepted. At that time 
the " moustache movement" had only barely commenced, and 
I remember sending up to Pitncli a sketch of a mistaken 
young undergraduate appearing before the dean, under the 
impression that he had been summoned to receive a reprimand 
for his moustache, a mere sprout ; and the dean was made to 
answer sarcastically, " I didn't perceive you had any." Both 
dean and undergraduate were portraits. That of the dean 
was, by the merest chance, exact, and in my letter I requested 
the editor (Mr. Mark Lemon) to request the artist, Mr. John 
Leech, not to alter either face in transferring the sketch to 
Punch's page. Mr. Leech executed an inimitable picture, of 
course, faithfully retaining the likenesses, while giving real 
life to what had been mere pen-and-ink outline ; but I notice 
that he did not put his well-known signature to the picture. 
I sent up two other sketches from Cambridge, and on refer- 
ring to John Leech's collected drawings, I find that his 
initials are absent from both. Li his collection there are many 
unsigned, so I suppose it was his custom to omit his initials, 
when he could not claim the originality of the design. At all 
events, moustaches and whiskers were conspicuous by their 
absence at that time, and so the difficult question that invari- 
ably arises at every amateur performance, of, " Must I shave 
for the part ? " did not give us much trouble. 

The performance of this piece in our rooms — rooms belong- 
ing to a friend and myself who " kept" together — was such a 
success as to suggest a repetition of the entertainment. Our 
little company, the nucleus of the future Club, met together 
to consider this, early in the following term ; but our ambition 
led us to higher flights, not dramatically, for, if I remember 
rightly, we only wished to play Morton's immortal Box and 
Cox, Frank Talfourd's burlesque oi Macbeth, written by him 
at Eton, and a short burlesque of my own, called Villiklns 

The First Step. 5 

and his Dinah, of wliicli I had just made a sketchy plan,* 
and instead of confining our talent to our apartments over 
the grocer's, we wanted to take the big room at the Bull,f 
(that was the name of the hotel, I think), where the county 
balls were held, have a stage down from London, go in heavily 
for costumes, and — charge for admission ! 

Nor did we stop at this proposition. The inch had been 
taken, why not the ell '? Why go to the Bull, when there was 
a real bond fide theatre, with real boxes, real pit, real gallery, 
real scenes, and real lights, within half an hour's walk of us, 
namely, at Barnwell ? 

At the mention of the Barnwell Theatre, the meeting looked 
grave. There were objections. " There were," I admitted, — 
" but not insuperable." It was only my second term, and I 
was, as yet, unacquainted with the unsavoury reputation 
this suburb of Cambridge had acquired. The celebrated 
uncle- slayer, George Barnwell, could not have been worse 
spoken of, as a man, than was tliis Barnwell, as a place. 

I stood out for Barnwell. Somehow, my theatrically- 
attuned ideas associated the name of the place with that of 
the famous tragedy, whose hero I have just mentioned above, 
of which I had heard, as usually preceding a Drury Lane 
pantomime. I stuck to the Barnwell Theatre. 

My elders remonstrated, and represented, that, for such a 
performance as I contemplated, the Vice- Chancellor's per- 
mission was indispensable. 

This — audacious juvenile that I was — had no terrors for 
me. I had not an idea what a Vice- Chancellor was like. I 
didn't believe in him, any more than did Mrs. Prig in Sairey 
Gamp's Mrs. Harris. I thought he was a sort of Guy Faux 
figure on a woolsack. I had no reverence. I was for blindly 

* I find by dates that tliis burlesque was not actually written until the 
October term of 1855, but the subject was i)opular enough in 1854, and had 
been for years. 

T The Bull was suggested in the first instance, as there was some floatin*? 
vague tradition about a performance which, "oncenpon a time," had been 
given there by undergraduates. The Bull was then the chief hotel. 

6 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.d' Camb. 

rushing in where my betters refused to tread. I had said in 
my heart, There is no Vice- Chancellor ; and, in fact, I did 
not, at that time, realize the full extent of University autho- 
rity. I was going to teach my alma mater, not my alma 
mater me. Alma mater was to he instructed how to get up 
Box and Cox,- Villikins and his Dinah, Macbeth burlesque, 
and. Bomhastes Furioso, *' which had only one woman in it, 
and was, therefore, very easy." 

All commencing amateurs rush for Bombastes: few know 
anything at all about playing it. But, for the matter of that, 
even professionals make an utter muddle of it, and misconceive 
its bathos. I had, however, enjoyed the advantage of instruc- 
tion from as great an authority on Bombastes as he was on the 
Antigone, and that was Mr. W. G. Cookesley, who had in- 
sisted upon our playing it at Eton, and who had coached us 
in the true serious vein of this old-fashioned, genuine bur- 
lesque. Talfourd's Macbeth was set aside in favour of Bom- 
bastes, and the Barnwell Theatre scheme was relinquished 
in favour of the room at the Bull. Then Bombastes was 
supplanted by my VilliJdns and his Dinah, which I under- 
took to have finished in plenty of time, and which, like 
Bombastes, having only one female character in it,' was there- 
fore to be easily managed. We fluctuated between Bom- 
bastes and Villikins, but we determined upon the room at the 

But, for this it appeared we should also have to obtain 
the Vice-Chancellor's permission, or the Proctors could come 
in, ask for our " names and colleges," and report actors and 
audience to the authorities. Rustication was vexation ; and 
we were not at all sure what penalty might be incurred for 
acting stage-plays without a licence. Probably rustication 
would not follow, but we might be "gated " for the rest of 

* Of course the "A. D. C," when started, took up its quarters in the roar 
of the Hoop Hotel ; hut before the idea was concreted into a chib, the pro- 
jectors of the performance merely thought of hiring a room at the Bull or 
some other hotel, "for one night onl)%" 

The First Step, 7 

the term, and as that meant a most severe restriction on our 
liberty, no one cared to run such a risk, especially those who 
lived outside college, and who when " gated" would have no 
companions to share their imprisonment, and no cheerful 
quadrangle, or cloisters, to lounge in. 

It was finally decided that the Vice-Chancellor's permission 
should he obtained (we felt confident that it would be granted) 
for our performance at the Bull, or, — I stipulated for this 
alternative, — at the Barnwell Theatre. For my part, I held 
firmly to the latter, and, as they unanimously selected me 
for the mission to convert the Vice-Chancellor to our theatrical 
views, I undertook the office, on the distinct understanding, 
that I was to use my own discretion as to the place to be 
chosen for our performance. 

The Vice-Chancellor was to be found at Cains College. 

I had some vague idea that in calling on a Vice-Chancellor 
some official dress was dc ngueur, I did not know what, 
and no one could tell me. I decided, ultimately, for cap 
and gown. Cap and bells would have been more appro- 
priate. As the hour a])proached for my visit, I began to be 
nervous. If I had previously treated the idea f a Vice- 
Chancellor with more than indiflerence, I now, for the first 
time, commenced to think of him with something akin to 
awe. I had not believed in him, and now I was going to see 
him. He had been in perspective, at the vanishing point, 
and now I was going to walk up to him and see him in 
ju'ojmd i^ersond. If I could have visited him by deputy, I 
would have done so : but I couldn't. 

The time came, and hot and uncomfortable, I entered the 
gate of Caius, and walked to the Vice- Chancellor's house. 
Of course the entrance to it was ancient and dingy, all such 
entrances are. I was left in the sombre passage by a clerical- 
looking butler, who took my card in to his master . 

Beyond the present interview which I am about to recount, 
I know nothing of this excellent man. (Not the butler, the 
Vice-Chancellor, though the remark applies to both equally.) 

8 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.d' Cmnb, 

I never, to my knowledge, saw, or spoke to, him again. This 
was our first and last meeting. Presently I was ushered into 
a dull, dimly-lighted room, and into the presence of the Vice- 
Chancellor, a short, wizened, dried-up, elderly gentleman, 
with little legs and a big head, like a serious Punch doll, 
wearing his academical cap, and with his gown hitched up 
under his elbows, which gave him the appearance of having 
recently finished a hornpipe before I came in. He had the 
fidgetty air of a short-sighted person who has just lost his 
glasses. This I believe was the truth : he had mislaid his 
glasses. After saluting me, as I stood, timidly respectful, 
cap in hand, in the middle of the room, he commenced the 

*' You want to see me, I believe, Mr. — , Mr. — ," here 
he referred to the card, but, the light being unfavourable, he 
was unable to read it without his spectacles, and so gave it up 
as a bad job. I did not feel inclined to help him. Somehow, 
why I don't know, I felt that my name would be against me. 
It was like one of those ohitar dicta, about which you have 
to be very careful, lest it should be " used against you at 
your trial." 

*' Yes, sir," I said, twiddling the tassel of my cap, which 
had been cut off rather short. 

Then there w^as a pause. I didn't see how to plunge in 
viedias res, and he wouldn't help me. 

" I've got a meeting of the Heads in a few minutes," said 
the Vice-Chancellor, taking out a large watch, pretending to 
consult it, and then returning it to his fob. 

A " meeting of the Heads " had a pantomimic sound about 
it, w^hich was, in view of my errand, reassuring. I hoped 
that the "Heads " in " Meeting" would not hurt themselves. 
In my mind's eye I pictured those Heads, and I remember 
now how the unfamiliar use of the word " Heads " struck me, 
and how I formulated a sort of riddle to myself about " how 
many Heads together make one body." Had I been allowed to 
chat with the Vice-Chancellor about these " Heads," and could 

The First Step. 9 

I thus have gradually proceeded to the object of my visit, I 
am sure we should have got on quite pleasantly. If I could 
only have said, " Never mind the Heads, listen to my tale,'' 
the ice would have been broken. But I was too nervous for 
this ill-timed levity. 

I felt I must begin. I began accordingly, very hot, and 
uncomfortably parched : and in a husky voice, as if I had 
been breakfasting on nuts. 

" I've come, sir, to ask you, sir," I said, "for your permis- 
sion " — my sentence was not as clear as this, but confused 
and jumbled : "for your permission, to — to — " and then I 
thought I could put it better, and so tried back. " I mean, 
sir, we had some idea of getting up a — a — a — " like Mac- 
beth's amen, the words " theatrical performance " stuck in 
my throat. If there had been a trap-door at my feet, and I 
could have been let down easily into the cellar beneath, 
startled the clerical-lookuig butler, and then escaped, I would 
have given a trifle to have done so at that moment. Never 
shall I forget this interview. 

" Yes," he said, taking my sentence up at the point where I 
had dropped it. "You are getting up a — subscription, eh? 
For what object ? " 

I had a great mind to adopt his suggestion, and make it a 
subscription, instead of theatricals. The idea struck me, 
" How about saying, we propose to play for a charity. The 
Something Hospital. I know there is one "; but on second 
thoughts I discarded this notion, as a detail to be subsequently 
considered, and made for my point, by the shortest and most 
direct route in my power. 

"No, sir," I replied ; "not exactly a subscription, though 
the object," and here the charity idea again recurred, as 
softening it all down, " would be the benefit of some hospital 
— the Adenbrook Hospital, for instance," I added, so as to 
interest him, as it were, with a certain local colouring. He 
merely nodded, and peered at me ; he was peering at me 
during nearly the whole interview ; and at first I could not 

lo Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CJ" Camb, 

make out why — absence of glasses and nearness of sight 
would not sufficiently account for his searching regards. 
It was not long before I discovered the reason of this 

" And, sir," I went on, rather vaguely, '' I thought — at 
least we thought — that a theatrical performance — " he 
started, as my cat jumped thus suddenly out of the bag, 
and his start frightened me, but I managed to resume as 
steadily as I could, '' a theatrical performance — of — in fact 
— ahem ! — some one or two plays — or one — perhaps," — 
thinking not to overpower him with too large a programme all 
at once — '' and— and — and — " here I came to a standstill. 
But I breathed more freely now. The first step had been 
taken, and the words "theatrical performance " had been pro- 

The Vice- Chancellor peered at me, as though I were grad- 
ually melting before him in a mist. 

*'Um!" he said, so portentously, that it sounded tome 
like an awful rebuke of my rashness, in daring to thrust my- 
self forward, and disturbing the peace of the University. If 
I could, even then, have begged his pardon, and have said, 
like Mr. Toots, " It's of no consequence," I would have with- 
drawn. But I was not acting for myself, I was a Deputy 
with a mission. 

*' Um ! " said the Vice-Chancellor ; and, giving his gown a 
good hitch up over his elbows, he put his head on one side, 
as though he were meditating the commencement of another 
hornpipe on the spot. Had he done so, I could have joined 
him in a breakdown. Of course, his dance would have been 
" the College Hornpipe." On second thoughts, however, he 
gave up the idea of dancing, and after some consideration, 
during which he seemed to be trying to realise, in his aca- 
demical mind, the full scope and bearing of my request for a 
*' theatrical performance," he said, 

*' And where do you propose giving this dramatic represen- 

The First Step. 1 1 

The question was more than my wildest hopes could have 
expected. In effect, he had granted the application, so it 
seemed to me, and was now going into details. At once I 
was more at ray ease, and answered, with an inquiring, per- 
haps almost a patronizing, smile, as if rather inviting a sug- 
gestion from Kim^ than making one myself, — 

" Well, sir, we had thought of the — the — " I hesitated a 
little — hut out it must come, and it came — " of the Barnwell 
Theatre," and seeing his severe expression, I hastened to add, 
as if I in no way insisted on the Barnwell Theatre as the only 
place — " or the large room at the Bull." 

Somehow I felt that I had put my foot in it — that Barn- 
well and the Bull had done it hetween them. 

His manner was courteous, hut very grave, when, peering 
at me more intently than ever, he said, — 

'' I have not the pleasure of heing ji^rsonally acquainted 
with you, I helieve, Mr. — Mr. — Mr. — " and he referred to 
my card, which he could not see to read. 

I was bound to help him. My name, I informed him, was 
Burnand ; somehow it didn't sound to my own ears as if I 
said it well ; in fact, I pronounced it so badly, that I should 
have been prepossessed against myself, on the spot, had I 
been somebody else hearing it for the first time. He went 
on with his examination, as though I were trying to keep 
something back from him. 

" Of Trinity ?'' he asked, persuasively. 

*' Of Trinity," I answered. 

*'A — um — a Fellow of Trinity?" he inquired, with a 
courtesy of manner, and an emphasis on the word " Fellow " 
that implied a doubt. 

*' No, sir," I answered, respectfully, but with as much 
carelessness as I could muster at the moment, — "no, sir, I 
am not a Fellow." I tried to give myself the air of saying 
this, as though I could have been a Fellow if I had liked, only 
that, somehow, it had not suited my purpose. 

12 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Carnb. 

His manner towards me changed visibly. He became 
stiff er, and more decidedly the academical Don. 

" Um !" he said, with decreasing courtesy, and increasing 
emphasis on the test word, *' A scholar of Trinity ?" 

*' No," I replied, getting rather tired of this ; '' I am not a 

I did not like to tell him I was an undergraduate, and that 
this was only my second term. 

'' Oh," he said, with some asperity, as though he resented 
my having obtained an interview with him under false pre- 
tences, "I did not see your gown." 

That was what he had been peering at. At first he had 
thought that I was wearing the gown of a Master of Arts ; 
now, he was not quite clear whether it was a Bachelor's, or 

*' You have taken your degree and are staying up?" he 
suggested, inquiringly. 

It was like a doctor's guesses at a patient's health, and 
being wrong every time. 

" No, sir," I w^as obhged to admit ; " I have not yet taken 
my degree." 

" Oh ! " he said, with a sort of pitying air. " Still an 
undergraduate ?" 

He had guessed right at last. The opportunity for pre- 
senting him with a pun on his own name — which was Guest 
— was almost too good to be lost. But the interests of our 
dramatic scheme were at stake, and I felt, that, at this critical 
moment, a false step on my part would ruin our not very 
bright prospects. Somehow we seemed to have wandered away 
from the subject, to which I saw no road back. This time 
he took the initiative. Now he was quite the Don. His un- 
certainty had vanished. It was no longer an interview be- 
tween a colonel and a captain, or a lieutenant, but between 
a colonel and a private. Once more he hitched up his 
gown, but this time it was not with the air of a man who 
might be going to dance, but with the determined action of 

The First Step. \% 

a truculent counsel, who is not going to be browbeaten by a 

" So you want my permission for a dramatic perform- 

" Yes," I said, humbly, that was what his petitioner, &c., 
and if he granted it, then, in effect, his petitioners would ever 
pray, &c., &c. 

"Um!" he said, giving another violent hitch up to his 
gown. " And — ahem ! — what play do you propose ?" 

"What play?" This was an unexpected question. We 
had, as I have said, fixed on Box and Cox, Vlllikins and his 
Dinah, if done in time, or Bomhastes, and perhaps Talfourd's 
Macbeth Travestie. 

"Well, sir," I replied, diffidently, "we have not yet quite 
decided," but, as I didn't want him to make this a pretext for 
deferring his answer, I added, " but we are considering two 
or three." 

"Ah!" he said, with a more satisfied air, which argued 
well for my success, — " ah ! Of course," he went on, most 
seriously, " there's a large field for selection." 

I was delighted to agree with him. 

" There is," I observed, with the authority of a student of 
dramatic literature, "a very large collection of plays." 

My thoughts reverted to " Lacy's Acting Edition," in many 
volumes, and I thought what a choice we should have, if we 
once got permission, and how we might play, Did you ever 
Send your Wife to Camhenvell ? * My Precious Betsy, 
That Blessed Bahy, Betsy Baker, Domestic Economy, 
Grimshaiv, Bagshaw, and Bradshaw, and a heap of others, 
in which Wright, the Keeleys, and Buckstone had been so 
inimitably funny. 

" Yes," the Vice-Chancellor continued, very gravely, and 
balancing himself alternately on his toes and heels ; " there 
is a large choice. Is it a Greek play that you propose ?" 

* This was one of the first farces performed by the " A. D. C." 

14 Personal Reininiscences of the ''A.D.C!' Camb. 

I might have been knocked over with a feather. I saw it 
was hopeless ; I saw he was on the wrong tack ; I saw, that, 
unless he granted permission, without further inquiry, there 
was an end of the matter. 

" No," I replied, as if I were most reluctantly divulging a 
deep secret ; "it is not a Greek play." And I wondered to 
myself what he would think of Villikins and his Dinah, if I 
had mentioned the subject to him. 

" Well," he continued, as if inclined to yield a point in my 
favour, " perhaps you are right. Terence is a favourite. 
You have, you say, selected a Latin play ?" 

"No, sir, I," — I hesitated, — "it is — it is not a Latin 

I devoutedly wished I could have said Box and Cox was a 
Latin play. It flashed through my mind, " If I could only 
call it Balbus et CaitiSf or Castor and Pollux. But it won't 
do : he would find it out afterwards." 

" Not Greek, or Latin ! " he exclaimed, as if these were the 
only two languages he had ever heard of anywhere. " Then 
what is the play you propose ?" 

" Well, sir, it's — it's English," I answered ; and I began 
to have my doubts as to the truth of that statement now. 

" English !" he repeated, with an air of surprise. " One 
of Shakspeare's ? Surely that's rather an undertaking ?" 

I admitted most readily, for it was the first loophole he had 
given me, that Shakspeare would indeed have been far too 
much of an enterprise for us, and that, in fact, we did not 
aim quite so high. 

" Then what do you propose to play?" he asked, severely. 
I looked at him to see if I could detect the slightest tremble 
of humour in his eye, or the pucker of a smile on his lips. 
No. He was as hard as granite. He had suggested Greek 
plays, Latin plays, and had conceded Shakspeare. Evidently, 
as Vice-Chancellor of the University, he could not be expected 
to take cognizance of any compositions outside these three, 
or rather these two, for Shakspeare was a concession. From 

The First Step, 15 

Sophocles to Terence, from Terence to Sliakspeare, was all 
very well, very proper, and both classical and correct ; but, 
from the Antigone to the AdelpJd (Terence's, not Webster's), 
from the Adclphi of Terence (who, when I first went to Eton, 
was, I thought, an Irislt dramatist) to the Comedy of Errors, 
and from that to Box and Cox, and thence to Villikins and 
his Dinah, the fall was too great for serious consideration. 
Still the truth had to be told. 

"Well, sir," I began humbly, "we were not thinking of 
attempting anything great. It is merely among ourselves." 

" Members of the University onli/, of course," interrupted 
the Vice- Chancellor. 

" Oh, of course ! " I returned, quite cheerfully, being de- 
lighted to find myself at one with him on any point. "And, 
sir, we were thinking of merely playing a little — a little 

A grand idea struck me. I would not mention the name. 
Box and Cox, which might only make the Vice-Chanccllor 
think I was laughing at him, but I would mention the name 
of its author, Mr. Maddison Morton, by which, I fancied, he 
would be impressed ; for I knew that I, personally, had 
always been impressed by the name of Maddison Morton, 
which, I still think, does sound wonderfully imposing ; only 
it sounds better without the prefix of ^'Mister,'' which rather 
vulgarizes it. However, I felt that the Vice- Chancellor was 
bound to give the " Mister." So I finished up thus, — " We 
are thinking of playing a little piece by Mr. Maddison 

" Perhaps," it occurred to me, " the Vice- Chancellor may 
know Maddison Morton ; and, if so, all right ! " 

But Dr. Guest only appeared puzzled, and repeated several 
times, — 

"Morton — Morton! " as if he were either trying to recall 
an acquaintance of that name, or were learning the word, by 
heart, like a parrot. 

" Maddison Morton," I explained, affably. 

1 6 Pei'sonal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C^ Cainb, 

" Um ! " he considered. Then he paused and examined 
the carpet. Receiving no assistance from that quarter, he 
looked up suddenly at me, and asked, " Fellow of Trinity? " 

" No," I said. I was not aware, — he might he — hut — in 
fact, Maddison Morton had never presented himself to me in 
that light. For me, it had heen sufficient that Maddison 
Morton should have heen the distinguished author of Box 
and Cox, 

''Not a Fellow of Trinity?" said the Vice-Chancellor, 

"No; I don't think so." 

*' Um ! And you propose acting a play written hy Mr. 
Morton, who is not a Fellow of Trinity ? Yes ; what is the 
name ? " 

I could not help it. It was hound to come out at last. 

"It is called Box and Cox,'' 

Even then I was afraid he would ask me if ' Box and Cox ' 
were Fellows of Trinity, without which qualification their fate, 
I felt at once, was sealed. I even regretted not having intro- 
duced them as Mr. Box and Mr, Cox, the other title sound- 
ing so familiar. If I could only have metamorphosed them 
into the Rev. Mr. Box, M.A., Fellow of Trinity, and Dr. 
Cox, D.D., Fellow of Caius, it would have heen perfect. 

But the Vice-Chancellor was very grave and serious over it. 
He did not know either Box or Cox, hy name. They were not 
members of the University, any more than Mr. Maddison 
Morton was a Fellow of Trinity, and so he could not recognize 
them, officially. Box, and Cox, might he, he seemed to 
think, very worthy persons, without a stain on their charac- 
ter, hut he could not countenance them, as performing in this 
University. He had misunderstood me, and thought I had 
proposed a theatrical entertainment to he given hy Messrs. 
Box and Cox (of the London theatres) in a play written hy a 
Mr. Morton, — not a Fellow of Trinity.* 

* How I subsequently wished that I had been acquainted with the fact 
of Mr. Tom Taylor having been a Fellow of Trinity. I was acquainted with 

The First Step, 17 

I thought he was going to ask mc for the name of the 
other piece, and I would rather have relinquished the whole 
affair, there and then, than have given up the name of yUli' 
Jiins and his Dinah, and have avowed myself the author. No : 
I had got into a difficulty, and made myself a martyr for the 
sake of Box and Cox, and that was ridiculous enough for one 
morning. If I added Villikins, he would think that there was 
a lunatic undergraduate at large in Trinity College. 

Fortunately the clock reminded him, that, at that hour, a 
council was sitting, — where his attendance was imperative. 

" I will lay this matter," he said, solemnly, " before the 
Heads, and will forward you our decision." 

The idea of the Heads again struck me, only this time in 
connection with the tossing shilling and the lucky sixpence, in 
" Box and Cox." *' Heads I don't win," I thought to myself 
as I thanked the Vice- Chancellor for his polite attention, and 
so withdrew. Through an open side-door in the hall, as I 
passed out, I saw the "Heads" assembling, and I could not 
help feeling intensely amused at the notion of the Vice-Chan- 
cellor's gravely submitting for the careful consideration of this 
august body the names of Box and Cox, not being members of 
the University, associated with that of Maddison Morton {not 
a Fellow of Trinity), and of F. C. Burnand, undergraduate, 
Trin. Coll. Cam. 

This was the first step taken towards obtaining official 
recognition for an amateur University performance, with what 
result remains to be seen. 

And this interview, which should form the subject of a fine 
historical cartoon, took place in the early part of the Lent 
Term — it must have been quite at the commencement of the 
Term, while the fervour of the previous Term's theatricals 
was still warm within us, and before I had settled down to the 
routine of University life. 

some of his plays, performed, I think, by the Wigans, and then there was 
Our Clerks, with the Keeleys in it. But, advanced as I was in theatrical 
matters, I did not know everything at eighteen. 



I HAVE never felt any profound veneration for a Don — I 
mean, of course, a University Don, as tlie regular Spanish 
Dons, or, rather, the irregular Spanish Dons, as, for example, 
Don Quixote or Don Cesar de Bazan, have always commanded 
my admiration, if not my esteem and respect. 

But for the representative, typical, college Don, I have not, 
and never had, I say it boldly, the slightest atom of respect, 
and the sentiments of my youth, as regards Dons in general, 
have never been modified, or altered, by the experience of 
middle-age. What was at first a very natural undergraduate 
instinct, has grown into a most firm and honest conviction. 

Of course I am aware that there are Dons and Dons ; but 
when a Don, who is a Don by position, is at the same time not 
a Don by disposition, then he ought not to be a Don at all ; he 
is so clearly out of place, that, when you inform your friends 
that the gentleman in question is a resident fellow of S. Boni- 
face, they will hardly credit your assertion. 

There is no such creature, properly speaking, as a young Don. 
If a man is a Don by nature, he is never young. There are 
no such comfortable places anywhere as those held by the 
college Dons in residence. Their life is simply a luxurious 
development of bachelor existence in club and chambers, but 
their chambers are above suspicion, and the obhgations of 
their state are a guarantee for their individual local respecta- 
bility, while their public morality is as unexceptionable as 

''Athencetnn'' Pe^^formance — First Inspiration, 19 

their dinners at tlie high tahle in Hall, and their wine in 
the common room of the College. 

Dons seem to forget they have ever been undergraduates ; 
and, for the matter of that, they have very little to forget, as 
they, probably, never partook of the generally hilarious under- 
graduate's temperament, — the healthy outburst of youth and 
the overflow of animal spirits, peculiarly English in its 
boisterous character, easily directed for good by judicious 
control, and turned off into various channels of harmless 
recreation, where a discriminating superior, if he chose to 
trouble himself about those placed under his care, would be 
able to detect the bent, inclination, of many a young man, 
whose peculiar talents might be then and there fostered with 
the most beneficial results. 

The "A. D. C." has had some valuable assistance from 
Dons, but these belong to the exceptional class, who were 
not Dons by Nature, but by Grace of the senate, — that is if 
a Grace of the senate be required for the creation, which I 
doubt; but the sentence turns itself well, and has a theo- 
logical air suited to the gravity of the subject, and so, right 
or wrong, with Grace or Graceless, let it stand. 

The Vice- Chancellor who wanted to know if Box and Cox 
were " Fellows of Trinity," and who seemed to ignore all 
dramatic literature, except what was strictly classical and 
within the limits of an ordinary examination paper, was, and 
has always been, my heaii-idcal of an English University Don. 
Why have we not Schools of Dramatic Art, and Schools of 
Painting within the University? Why not a professorship 
of Dramatic Literature, the lecturer explaining the art of 
construction, the method of development of plot, and the 
examination requiring a competent knowledge of the English 
drama first and foremost, and then of the French, the Italian, 
the German and the Spanish ? 

Have we all of us a natural taste for mathematics, or for the 
military tactics of the ancient Greeks and Bomans ? Let the 
usual grounding, as we have had it — and as it still is, and 

;20 Personal Raniniscenccs of the ''A.D.C^ Camb. 

must he, — be retained, and our sons will be more interested 
in Balbus and Caius building their wall, if the wall itself 
is made an object of interest to us in the first instance. 
If Balbus and Caius, both authors, actors, and managers, 
and joint proprietors of a theatre, having purchased the suit- 
able plot of ground, commence their w^ork with a wall — why 
here, at once, is more than a field, — a number of provinces of 
knowledge, — open at once to the art student, who would pick 
up incidentally an acquaintance with practical business, and 
be directed to the schools of Law to master the questions 
of freehold, copyhold, tenancy, sale and purchase, ancient 
lights, compensation, &c., &c., to the school of architecture 
for the best models, to gain information in various languages 
concerning the theatres in various parts of the civilized world 
— and so on — ad infinitum. 

Would not many of us have taken a personal interest in 
Caius and Balbus — from this point of view ? 

Directly a lad finds a line of study that interests him, he 
will study. 

The lad who has not got the taste for the studies which go 
to make a senior wrangler, will never arrive at that degree, no 
matter how good his will, how hard his w^ork. It will be all 
up hiU and against collar, and, as in a crowd of competitors 
there must be some one to whom the work is pleasant and 
comes easily, the misplaced student will expend his energies 
to no purpose — save one, which I admit is an important one. 
I mean the exercise of his will in obedience to a call of 
duty. But what would not such a young man have done with 
congenial w^ork ? What eminence would he not have 
attained, early in life, in that line for which nature had 
fitted him ? 

Which disquisition and inquiry after all comes to this, 
that if the Vice- Chancellor had been struck by my application 
for a performance to be licensed by the University, he might 

'^AthencEtim'' Performance — First Inspiration, 21 

have gone a step farther and have instituted a Dramatic 
College, whence in the course of a few years, would have 
issued highly educated Keans, Kembles, Macreadys, and 
Garricks, with an English Sardou or two, and an Alexandre 
Dumas 'pcre etfils to write for them. But that was not to be. 

In what form the Vice- Chancellor presented my request to 
the Heads — oh, those Heads ! — always a pantomimic idea to 
me — I have never been able to leai'n, nor can I easily 

Whether he got confused in his names and told them that 
Mr. Maddison Box, who was noty he regretted to say, a Fellow 
of Trinity, and Mr. Morton Cox, of No College as far as he 
could learn, wished to give a theatrical entertainment for a 
charity, with his (the Vice-Chancellor's) sanction, and that of 
the Heads — whereupon they all shook them solemnly, and 
the request was negatived by the whole lot, — or whether he 
only casually alluded to it as an insignificant matter, which, 
as coming from two undergraduates of Trinity, whose names 
were Box and Cox, who had deputed another foolish under- 
graduate of the name of Burnand to interview him (the Vice) 
on the subject, was not worth their consideration — I have 
never inquired. Suffice it that three days after, — why three 
days ? there must have been some sort of ceremony — some 
delay — some formalities — unless the Vice had forgotten all 
about it, and had suddenly found my card three days after- 
wards, and determined at once to answer me — three days after 
my interview, a very pohte formal note was left at my lodg- 
ings, opposite Trinity, to the effect that " the V.-C. presented 
his compliments to Mr. Burnand, who would inform his 
friends " — (he hadn't got Cox and Box out of his head — he 
evidently pictured me with Cox and Box at wine in my 
rooms) — " that after due consideration the Heads were unable 
to grant their sanction for a theatrical performance." 

Well, now we were in a worse position than before. With- 
out having gone to the Vice- Chancellor we could have given 
a performance, and if interfered with could have pleaded ho7id 

22 Pe7^soiial Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb, 

fide ignorance of all statutes in that case made and provided. 
But noiVy if we gave a performance, we knew that it must be 
in direct violation of the University Law. 

Our application for permission virtually amounted to a 
recognition of the law against theatrical performances in the 

And the V.-C.'s explicit refusal — a refusal coming from the 
collective wisdom of the University — came as an utterance 
from the Talking Head. The representative of all authority 
settles the question. If we performed now — we, Box, Cox, 
and Burnand, at least those were the parties addressed through 
me, by the Yice — if ive performed now, we defied the law, and 
ran no slight danger of excommunication, I mean of rustica- 
tion, loss of term, or gating for a term, or some such 

We had the available talent at hand. What was to be 
done ? We consulted together. 

I have already mentioned our first performance in our 
rooms opposite Trinity Gate — rooms that have now vanished 
and the space occupied (worthily, I am glad to say) by an 
annex of Trinity — and therefore we had, as I have said, tho 
beginnings of a corps dramatiqiie. 

The great dilficulty of obtaining a fitting representative of the 
" Spindle side," had been got over, and in Mr. F. C. Wilson 
of Trinity, who subsequently figured in the "A. D. C." Bills 
as "Mr. C. Digby," we had an artist who, in Shakspeare's 
time, might have been chosen by the poet himself to represent 
his Audrey or his Lady Macbeth, — for, strange to say, but 
fortunately for us, he was excellent in burlesque though his 
forte was undoubtedly tragedy, of which quality, except in the 
course of burlesque, he was never called upon to give us a 
taste. Those who may be inclined to remark, goodnaturedly, 
that at that time we probably mistook tragedy for burlesque, 
and burlesque for tragedy, must remember that we were con- 
stantly seeing Robson in his best days at the Olympic, 
when in his burlesque he touched the very boundary line of 

"At/iejtmmt' Performance — First Inspiration, 23 

tragedy — indeed in Slij'lock and Medea lie passed it, instantly 
returning, however, to burlesque — and in the Misers 
Daughter we saw the intensity of his dramatic power. 

Burlesque there was not a mere leg-display, for the ballet 
was still in existence as an attractive part of the entertain- 
ment, but it was acted, with a purpose, by the Keeleys, the 
Wigans, Charles Mathews, the Frank Matthewses, James 
Bland, Miss Horton, Harley, Madame Celeste, and Mrs. 
Mellon, and the burlesque, or extravaganza, occupied an im- 
portant position in the evening's programme. Therefore 
our notions of burlesque were rather different from what 
prevails now-a-days, and even from what was in vogue a 
few years after the " A. D. C." was started, that is when 
Strand burlesques were made popular by the charm of Miss 
Swanborough, the pretty faces and the inimitable fun of Patty 
Oliver and Marie Wilton (Mrs. Bancroft), the earnestness of 
Charlotte Saunders, the grace of Fanny Josephs, and the 
original humour of * Jimmy ' Rogers and * Little ' Clarke. 

But at Cambridge in my time our ideal of burlesque acting 
was llobson ; of light comedy, Charles Mathews ; of farce, 

Of Dramatic Authors, except Maddison Morton, we knew 
very little. We spoke of any play as " one of Lacy's " — 
meaning that it was in the catalogue of plays sold by the late 
Mr. T. Hailes Lacy, of 89, Strand. 

Besides F. C. Wilson there was a Mr. Llewellyn who 
appeared — in the private theatricals at our rooms on this 
occasion only, with singular distinction, but who took his 
degree and his departure soon after, and never belonged to 
the " A. D. C." So that F. C. Wilson and myself were in 
effect the entire company. Neither of us wished the idea to 
be dropped, but besides being my senior, he was in a totally 
different set from that in which I lived and moved, — and, 
as the only bond of union between us, at this time, was 
our taste for theatricals, and as there appeared just now 
very little chance of our being able to indulge this taste, we 

24 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D^CT Camb. 

seldom met. But when we did, it was to talk about the 
possibility of establishing a Dramatic Club, which he pro- 
mised to join if it could be once started. 

The Vice-Chancellor had puzzled me. For a time he had 
paralysed my action. 

I confided my difficulties to some friends, Etonian under- 
graduates belonging to the Athenaeum Club, which was the 
swell University Club, for which only the University Tufts 
were eligible. The Tufts naturally attracted the Toadies, as 
Athenaeum membership — the rooms were over a tailor's shop 
in Trinity Street — conferred a dignity on the privileged 
undergraduate, and for that matter on the privileged grad- 
uate, — for there were, I fancy, one or two youngish Dons, 
recently in orders, who thought more of their position as 
members of the Athenaeum, than of their status as Fellows of 

A generously disposed young nobleman might be of con- 
siderable service hereafter to an agreeable and reverend Don, 
who in such a patron saw the first sign-post directing him to 
a bishopric. 

The next thing I heard was that the Athenaeum was going 
to give a performance at the Red Lion, an hotel in Petit 
Curey, where there was a first-rate room, generally used for 
masonic lodges and county balls. 

The Athenaeum made no secret of it. 

They pretended to do so just as a show of such deference 
as — noblesse oblige — was to be expected for dukes, earls, and 
other titled members of the aristocracy who had kindly con- 
sented to come up to the University and patronise the ancient 

This undoubtedly vexed me, considerably. 

The Vice-Chancellor had refused permission to Box and 
Cox, and to commoners, plebeians, anybodies, and here were 
Viscount Box and Lord Cox, with Sir Bluster Bouncer, without 
a " with your leave," or " by your leave," flaunting their thea- 
trical programme in the face of the University, or at all events 

''Athenceum' Performance — First hispiration, 25 

of Trinity College, which to U8 (of Trin. Coll., Cam.) was 
about the same thing. 

To quote the immortal work, " Should I curb my indig- 
nation ? should I falter in my vengeance ? No ! " (vide 
Box's or Cox's speech, when one throws the other's breakfast 
out of the window). 

But I did curb my indignation. I did not falter in my 
vengeance, but I postponed it. 

One of the Athenaeum men, an Etonian, — who was to play 
Frank Matthews's part in The Bachelor of ArtSy paid mo the 
compliment of coming to me to be coached. As I have 
already explained, I had brought with me from Eton this 
theatrical reputation. I coached him with an imitation of 
Frank Matthews from memory, and then proffered my ser- 
vices to assist any one else. 

I had seen the play more than once, and remembered most 
of the business. 

My usefulness entitled me to a free admission on both 
nights — for there were two — Charles the Second and The 
Orifjinal being the first bill, and The Bachelor of Arts and 
a farce the second — and I went to see the performances, 
which went off capitally, and were, as far as I can remember, 
eminently successful. 

The point gained was that it had not been interfered with 
by the authorities, and so formed a precedent. 

On that very night a member of the Athena3um, George 
Lennox Conyngham, and a certain medical practitioner who 
had received a foreign diploma, and who shall be nameless here 
except as " The Doctor " (for he had nothing at all to do with 
the University, and was not recognised professionally by the 
tutors), met at the former's room for supper, and to criticise 
the whole performance, which we considered could have been 
vastly improved in various ways. I was annoyed at their 
having, as I considered, seized on my theatrical idea, and at 
my having been excluded from active participation in their 
performance, and so I determined to start something really 

26 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C'' Camb, 

*' big," as the Americans say, to which the Athenians should 
have to pay for admission, and that only as a favour. 

I was not going to have my idea baulked. I proposed a 
Theatrical Club. 

Conyngham jumped at the notion. It would be a slap in the 
face for the Athenaeum. The Doctor naturally jumped at it, 
as he would have jumped at anything that gave him a chance 
of securing a footing among University men, and getting to- 
gether a good outside practice. I did not see his motive 
then. I was only interested in the success of my scheme. 

I proposed a permanent theatre. Where ? 

Old Litchfield — gathered to his ancestors long ago — who 
used to keep a well-known restauration at Cambridge, whence 
issued the desserts for wines and dinners, and at whose 
shop the free-and-easy undergraduate took his dinner when 
he was either too late, or disinclined for *' Hall," — old Litch- 
field informed us, as an authority, that he remembered a 
theatre at what was now Death and Dyson's livery stable in 
Jesus Lane, and he described it as fitted up with boxes, and 
pit, and gallery, and how it was patronised by the town and 
county people — and how the University authoriti-es sat on it, 
and how it collapsed. Then he told us of another abortive 
attempt in Swan's auction rooms : and of another at the 

" The Hoop ! " we exclaimed ; *' are there rooms at the 

" Of course — the Union {i.e., the Debating Club) had them 
at one time, and now they're turned into billiard rooms." 

Very evidently the proprietor, whoever it might be, would 
never consent to forego such a profitable concern as billiard 
rooms, to turn them into such a very speculative and uncer- 
tain affair as a theatre supported by undergraduates. 

So after a dinner at Litchfield's we decided to look 

Our looking about cost us several dinners at the Hoop itself, 
where, at length, we found two unused rooms apaii from the 

''Athenmwi' Performance— First Inspiration. 27 

billiard rooms, from wliicli they were separated by a strong 
partition, and a securely fastened door. 

I forget why these were never used. The objection was 
that they were over a stable ; but the stable was empty, and 
was used for stowage of beer and wine casks. Another ob- 
jection might have been that access to the rooms could only 
be obtained by going through the Hoop itself, or through the 
side gate of the Hoop Brewery, in Jesus Lane, and so across 
a badly-paved and dimly-lighted yard, whence we mounted 
up some dirty wooden steps to these rooms. 

The larger of the two rooms was lighted by three big 
windows giving on to some leads, and the lesser by a skylight. 


















This is an exact plan of the room. The dimensions 
originally were :— 33' 10'' X 22' 2" and 14 ft. high. 
In less than a quarter of an hour we had parcelled it out. 

A. Auditorium witli its door of entrance for the audience. 

B. The stage with its door for the orchestra. 

C. The green-room, to be used as dressing-room, &c., for the 

"artists," with their own private stage door. 

28 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C!' Camb, 

What could be more perfect ? 

It was not large, but it was large enough to begin with. 

The next thing was to ask about the lease, which the 
Doctor undertook to do, as neither Conyngham nor myself — 
certainly I less than anyone — knew very much about it. 

However, the landlord — Mr. Ekin — would only treat with 
a member of the University. He did not want to know what 
it was intended for : enough for his purpose that it should be 
taken by responsible undergraduates as a Club. 

The rooms were almost useless, and he was very glad to 
let them at a reasonable rent. 

I suppose by this time (twenty-four years after) now that 
the Club possesses the entire suite, he is not sorry he enter- 
tained the original — the very original proposition. 

The end of the Lent Term was fast approaching, and 
something had to be settled before we went away for Easter 
vacation, so that during our absence a commencement might 
be made, and something like a list of members obtained as a 
security for our expenses. 

With a dash which was worthy of a speculative promoter 
of these modern times of companies and limited liability I 
went in for the premises, I think in conjunction with Conyng- 
ham, and took them by the quarter ; at least, I think such 
were the terms of our lease. We had something to sign 
which was easy, and something to pay which was not so easy, 
but which, being paid, not only gave an impulse to our under- 
taking, but also induced us to look upon it in a somewhat 
more business-like manner than we had hitherto done. 

It was, I think, about the first matter of business into 
which — that is, signing and paying and taking a receipt — I 
have ever entered. 

I looked upon it as a form, except the payment, and then 
I felt we were committed beyond hope of return. 

The next step was to plan out the stage. For this work 
we were recommended to a capital carpenter, one Lovett, a 
tall handsome intelligent man, with a big beard, and a way 

''Aihenmun'' Performance — First Inspiration. 29 

of understanding what you meant before you had uttered 
half a sentence that saved a heap of trouble. 

I fancy that Lovett, as upright and honest a tradesman as 
ever stept, wished, like the Doctor, to make a University con- 
nection, and therefore went to work for us with a will, trying 
to do everything as reasonably as possible. 

He was theatrically inclined too, and was, I fancy himself 
a member of some town Cordis dramatique that had its occa- 
sional performances, out of Term time, at the Barnwell 

Once, and once only, while I was staying up to read, did 
I witness a portion of one of these representations. 

The piece was I think The Field of Forty Footsteps^ but I 
am not certain. Anyhow it dealt with a Virtue much rouged 
in distress, who being at her wits' end in a wood alone with 
a villain of the deepest dye in awe-inspiring boots, cried 

" 'Elp ! 'elp ! ! 'elp ! ! ! " 

" Aye," cynically replied the scowling ruffian, drawing his 
dagger — the point of which nearly reached his boots — ** Aye ! 
'elp! but 'ow?" 

Whereupon the hero rushed in, polished off the double- 
dyed one in two-twos, and everybody lived very happily ever 
afterwards except the wicked nobleman who had employed 
the villain in the capacity of a " creature," and who vanished 
through a trap in the flames of a burning castle. 

This by the way. 

Lovett undertook to make us a stage, proscenium, and all 
appliances and means to boot. 

What the amount of the contract was I forget. It may 
now be in the archives of the Club. But it has been with 
great difficulty that I have got at any archives at all. The 
early history of all gi-eat institutions is generally enveloped 
in mystery, and fact and fable are closely intermingled. 
Fortunately from almost the very commencement we had some 
sort of record kept, and this, with our oldest progi-ammes. 

-,o Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.d' Camb. 

I have by me. The date of the private amateur performance 
in the rooms shared by J. H. Norman, Glyn Vivian, and 
myself, over the grocer's opposite Trinity, was November, 

The date of the Athensjum performance at the Red Lion 
was about the middle of Lent Term, 1855, and it was imme- 
diately after this that we went to work. 

So earnest were Conyngham and myself in the matter, that 
after receiving our exeat for the vacation, we " stayed up " — 
contrary to all college rules and regulations — for some days 
at the Eagle Hotel, in order to see Lovett well started, and 
then fearing lest we should suddenly be interviewed by the 
proctors, we went to town, where we used to meet either at 
Limmer's, in Conduit Street, or at Long's in Bond Street, to 
draw up rules for the Club, which henceforth was to be known 
as the Amateur Dramatic Club, or "A. D. C." 

The rules were drawn up at Limmer's, and all our corre- 
spondence proceeded from these head-quarters. We had 
already several adherents, but not one, except Conyngham, 
from among the members of the aristocratic Athenaeum Club, 
which, it was supposed, viewed our proceedings with dis- 

Our original members were not undergraduates who had 
come up from Eton or Harrow with any particular prestige, 
but, — ^with two or three exceptions, who set up for possessing 
a certain intimacy with life in London, — our first members 
were law-abiding, quiet, well-conducted members of the Uni- 
versity, and came from Trinity, Caius, St. John's, King's and 

From Limmer's we issued notices of a meeting to be con- 
vened at the Hoop Hotel, where the objects of the Club would 
be stated, the rules finally settled, the amount of entrance 
fee and subscription fixed, and a date settled for our first 
public performance. 

Conyngham and myself returned as early as possible to 
Cambridge in the ensuing May Term, and were delighted to 

''Athe7iceiLm " Performance — First Inspiration, 3 1 

find that Lovett had made good progress with the stage, and 
the rooms began to assume a habitable, or rather a clubbable 

Then came our first public meeting at the Hoop, money 
was subscribed, the carpenter was refreshed, the landlord was 
satisfied, and we looked forward to such a sale of tickets for 
our first performance, as would more than reimburse us for 
our outlay. 



After several preliminary meetings of those who were the 
chief promoters of the future Club, we managed to obtain a 
sufficient following to warrant our calling a public meeting at 
the Hoop Hotel early in the May Term, 1855. 

The original members of the "A. D. C." who attended 
this first public meeting, and without whose hearty concur- 
rence no start could have been effected, were — 

Lennox Conyngham 
T. R. Polwhele 
T.White . 
Gerald FitzGerald . 

F. C. Wilson 

" The Doctor " 

G. Harvey . 
Reginald JMly 

— Wood . 

— Collins 

— Whitley 
G. Lampson 
H. Lampson 

Tyrrel .... 
H. Snow 

Peere Williams Freeman '. 
F. C. Burnand . 








Trin. Hall. 

John's or Trinity. 



Of these, five besides myself were Etonians, and three 
Harrovians. We had only one sporting man among us, T. 
AVliite — who was brought by Gerald Fitz Gerald on the ground, 
I believe, of his being an excellent subscriber to anything, 

Reporti7ig Progress, 33 

and of his not being in the slightest degree interested in 
theatricals, which qualities, combined, would make him 
a most useful and most unobjectionable member of the 
"A. D. C." I remember the readiness with which, at the 
very first call, he produced five pound notes, and frightened all 
the quiet and moderate men by the force of his language, the 
energy of his character, and the amount of money at his 

He was one of the best gentlemen riders of the University, 
and had the reputation among us of being excessively 

I am almost sure that over and above his entrance fee and 
subscription, he insisted on making the Club funds a very 
handsome present to assist us at starting. 

Whether subsequently he ever witnessed a performance, or 
knew that he was a member, I cannot precisely say. I remem- 
ber his appearance in the reserved seats once only during an 
entr'acte, when, having come in late after a long day's hunt- 
ing and a heavy dinner, he fell asleep, and was only awoke 
by the man coming to lock up for the night. 

Demand creates supply. I wanted a *' stage manager " — 
whoso duties should be to see to all the mechanism of the 
stage, the carpentering, the gas, the curtain, the trap — we 
had a trap — and so forth, but who had nothing to do with 
the acting. 

I was the "acting manager," which in our phraseology 
meant * a manager of the acting,' but did not imply what I now 
know to be the sole duties of a professional acting manager, 
i.e. to see to the advertisements, to the accounts, and the 
correspondence, the box office, the engagements, &c., &c. 

At the " A. D. C." the * Acting Manager ' was equivalent to 
a professional stage manager, while our stage manager was a 
sort of head superintendent of scene-painters, carpenters and 
gasmen ; a good deal more than a " master carpenter " or even 
than the scenic artist at any ordinary theatre, his duties 
corresponding more nearly to those of Mr. Beverley's at 

34 Personal Reminiscences of tlie ''A.D.CJ' Camb, 

Drury Lane, though, at first, it included those of the pro- 
perty master and the machinist. 

Subsequently, of course, those functions were divided and 
properly apportioned, hut this is how we began, and the 
gentleman who took the place was Mr. T. R. Polwhele, of St. 
John's, who was in every way the very man for the office. 

He was ingenious, which was excellent to begin with ; he 
was practical, which was first-rate to go on with ; and he was 
economical, which was capital to finish with. 

If it had not been for Polwhele's care from the first, we 
should have run further into debt than we actually did. 

For my own part, I had not my equal for ordering everything 
we wanted, and everything else that we didn't want; but 
fortunately, as a safeguard, I had agreed that no orders should 
be valid unless countersigned " T. R. Polwhele." This saved 
us pounds. 

It is also due to his care that the early records, now before 
me, are so clear, and so well kept. 

I fancy our first secretary was Mr. Sheppard Harvey of 
Magdalene, but I cannot find his name attached to any docu- 
ment or notes, so if they were made by him, they were 
afterwards copied into our book by other hands — in one 
instance my own — but his signature was omitted. 

Our landlord, Mr. Ekin, was inclined, from the first, when 
be really saw we meant business, to afi'ord us any assistance 
in his power, and did not object to bear part of our expenses 
in improving the rooms, though as they were * improved ' 
mainly for our special purpose, the alterations could hardly 
have appeared at the time as likely to be of any permanent 
use to him. 

The next point was to settle the first programme with 
which we were to appeal to the sympathies of the Uni- 
versity public, represented to us, chiefly of course, by under- 

About the Vice- Chancellor and the Heads none of us ever 
again troubled ourselves. They had winked—that is, if such 

Reporting Prog^^ess. 35 

Heads could be guilty of so indecorous a proceeding — ^they 
had winked, and wisely winked, at tlie performances of the 
Aristocratic Athenieum, and it would be marvellously unjust 
to stop «s, because we didn't happen to represent the swelldom 
of the University. 

It is true that Gerald FitzGerald had commenced his 
career as a Fellow-commoner, but as, after a time, he had 
resigned the insignia of his position, his blue and silver gown, 
and had become a simple plebeian undergraduate, he didn't 
carry much weight. 

Some few croakers there were who prophesied dire things 
about the interference of proctors and the dissolution of the 
Club, but the majority asked what could be done by any 
authorities if we kept our own counsel, if we told no one 
except a few privileged friends who would be willing to pay 
five shillings for a ticket, which would bo given him, under 
seal of secresy, and in much the same mysterious way as the 
rendezvous, and ticket for the train and inner ring at a prize 
fight used to be confided to the initiated at the " Pugs" bars 
in the good old days of Ben Caunt, Bendigo, and Tom 

It was impressed on every one that the very meaning of 
the initials "A. D. C." was to remain a mystery: they were 
to be the masonic ** B — z and J — n " of our craft, not to be 
revealed to a soul. This would excite curiosity, and induce 
earnest inquirers to join our little community, whose aim and 
object was the attainment of the most rational enjoyment by 
the employment of the least harmless and most beneficial 
means at the disposition of a secret guild of Dramatic Art, 
which after all did not deserve persecution because it could 
not bear the light, but which, if encouraged, might one day 
have its professors in the chairs of the University. What is 
this but an initiative of Comedie Anglaise ? All the members 
had an equal interest in success, and were only inspired by 
their love of art, by their predilection for this form of amuse- 
ment, and not by any sort of greed of gain ? 

D 2 

36 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A,D,Cr Camb. 

Yet we were iu the catacombs. We kept our place of 
meeting a secret. Our records were confided to safe hands — 
our " writmgs," with which we wouldn't have parted even 
under the pressure of a Neronic persecution from The Heads, 
and we actually took such precautions at first that to ensure 
our safety by flight in case of a raid of Proctors, we had a 
speaking tube run through from the Hoop bar to our green- 
room, by which "the office could bo given" in an emergency, 
and outside the windows of the stage we had a ladder placed, 
by which the performers could have descended into a yard 
below, and so out into the street, dressed in our caps 
and gowns, which would hide the theatrical costume under- 

This never happened, but we were prepared. 

At one time we thought of having a pass-word and a sign 
of membership, and that there should bo a change of sign 
and pass-word every night of performance for the admission 
of non-members, who would then not have paid five shillings 
for a ticket, but for a pass-word, without which, entrance would 
be as impossible as into a masonic lodge without the grip 
and sign. 

However, tickets were adopted. 

We had no idea that we were contravening any act of 
Parliament made and provided, and no one at any time 
thought it worth while to inform us that we required a 
license for a dramatic performance where money was taken 
from visitors, and we were in delightful ignorance of any such 
duty on the goods we used as * fees to authors.' 

If wo knew of the existence of the Dramatic Authors* 
Society at all, we thought of it only as a Club, perhaps, 
something like ours at Cambridge, where, perhaps, there 
were rooms for the authors to write in, where probably Mad- 
dison Morton had a study to himself as a reward for having 
written Box and Cox^ or that it was a sort of Garrick Club, 
and that was all we knew about it. 

Now (1879) all this is changed. The performances them- 

Reportijig Progress, 37 

selves are under the Vice-Chancellor's rule, and the Club 
pays its fees regularly to the Secretary of the D. A. S. T/iis 
is as it should be : that was as it shouldn't have been, but 
as, unfortunately, it was. But then we were in our infancy, 
some of us were still legal infants — I mean legally * infants ' — 
and we couldn't be expected to know everything. 

We had to learn. Ignorance was bliss. It was a very 
happy time — one of the happiest — as * So say all of us ' who 
remember those days. 

We were seventeen members, and every one of us could 
easily get rid of from seven to ten tickets at the least. If we 
took a hundred and seventy at five shillings a piece, we should 
do very well. Our ** Auditorium" — this name was not in- 
vented in those primitive days — would not hold more than 
sixty, comfortably, exclusive of the row in front reserved for 
members, which had to be set considerably back in order 
to allow for our orchestra, and so it was absolutely 
necessary for us to give two performances, the expense for 
which would be but a very slight increase on that of one 

If the first night wera a success we might give three per- 
formances, and announce the extra performance on the second 

This actually happened. Our first performance was such 
a decided success, the novelty was so great, the whole thing 
so fresh, the fun so spontaneous and hearty, and so much to 
the taste of the undergraduates, that we did give three nights, 
and though the extra night was, on account of the short notice, 
not so good as we might have expected, yet on the whole we 
recouped ourselves for the expenses, and put by a small sum 
into our reserve fund. But at the same time, despite all the 
precautions of our thrifty stage manager, we had expended a 
great deal more than was necessary, and this outlay was not 
on our properties, or on our stage carpentering, or on our 
band, of which more anon, — but, on our scenery. 

Naturally our scenery had presented a real difi&culty. 

38 Personal Reminiscences of ike ''A.D.C" Camb. 

Amateurs, such as tlie Athenaeum Amateurs, playing for 
one or two nights only and there an end, had ordered a stage 
from London with scenery to hand, costumes, &c. It was 
paid for and done with. But we wished to make a store of 
scenery. The stage was our own : and we were determined 
to have the scenery painted for us. 

By whom ? 

Not one amongst us knew anything whatever of the pro- 
fessional stage. Nobody knew an actor. What an important 
personage would he have been considered who could have 
boasted of such an acquaintance ! no one knew a scenic artist. 

Fortunately I had heard of one. 

A gentleman, who, years before, had worked for Madame 
Vestris at the Olympic, and had painted pictures for Charles 
Mathews, had also done some work for a relative of mine, who 
had recommended him to my father as a good man to paint a 
likeness of me when a boy of fourteen. He did it. I have it 
now. Alas poor Jones ! — that w\as his name. I daresay it is 
like what I was — I hope it isn't. . . . However — passons. 
When I recommended Jones I had not seen my own portrait 
for years; I did not remember it, which was lucky, but I 
remembered who painted it, which was still more lucky — for 

Jones was his name. We knew him as " Old Jones." 
An eminently respectable, elderly artist, with grey hair and 
whiskers, satin stock, low waistcoat, tail coat (in the 
day time), and double eyeglasses suspended round his 
neck by a broad black riband. Quito a character; like a 
father in a farce, who objects to everything up to ten 
minutes to eleven and then gives in and blesses the young 

He had a number of anecdotes about Macready, and 
Kemble, and personal reminiscences of Mathews, Madame 
Vestris, and other theatrical celebrities, on the strength of 
which he asked us, while at work, three pounds per diem, 
exclusive of his board and lodging, which, as his introducer, 

Reportmg Progress, 39 

and considering him as in some sort of way related to my 
family, on the portrait side, — I undertook to provide. 

We found everything for the Great Jones, who, I am bound 
to say, gave us on this occasion three most effective scenes, 
which served the Club for the first ten years or more. 

They were a Cottage Interior, "which," Jones observed 
with all the sagacity of an old stager, "will always bo 

And an Exterior — a wood landscape, "which," observed 
our experienced and intelligent artist, "will serve for a gentle- 
man's park, or a wood, or a garden, or for any out-of-doors 
scene in the country anywhere." 

He painted an Act Drop, and with this concluded his labours, 
which extended over five days, and took the gilt off our gin- 
gerbread to the tune of eighteen pounds. 

I have heard subsequent members begrudge this outlay. 
I never did. The scenes were capital and lasted ad- 
mirably, besides serving as a model for our future amateur 

The Exterior, with four tree wings to match, was to be 
used for the wood where Bombastes encounters Artaxominous ; 
the Interior, with two wings to match, was to represent Dis- 
taffina's cottage. For we had settled upon Bomhastes Furioso 
as our afterpiece at my instance, seeing that I had a very 
pleasurable remembrance of having played in it at Eton three 
years before, and I knew most of it by heart. My part was 

In order to put the authorities off the scent, we invented 
noins defantaisie under which we were to appear in the pro- 

As there is no longer any necessity for preserving our 
incognitos I will give both the real and assumed names in 
placing our first programme, entire, before our readers. It 
was on good, white foolscap paper, or rather what is known at 
Cambridge as "scribbling paper" size, clearly printed without 
any sort of ornamentation whatever, and the name of the 

40 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C!' Camb. 
printer does not appear, and there is no date to it. Here it 

IS :■ 

A. D. C. 



Colonel Jack Delaware .... Mr. G. Seymour. 

Griffin Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Biffin Mr. A. Herbert. 



Chesterfield Houeybim .... Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Crank Mr. W. Smith. 

Mrs. Houghton Mr. C. Digby. 

]\Irs. Crank Mr. T. King. 

Mrs. Jewell Mr. 11. Johnson. 



Artaxominous (King of Utopia) . . . Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Fusbos Mr. T. King. 

General Bombastes Mr. Jas. Beale. 

Distaifina Mr. C. Digby. 

Army, Courtiers, &c., &c. 

Actiny Manager— TOM FIERCE, Eiq. Stage Manager— N. TATES, Etq. 

Frompter—J. SUEPHEUD, E»q. 

Scenery and AppointmenU hy S. J. E. JONES, Esq. 

That was our first night's hill. 

Mr, G. Seymour was G. Lennox Conyngham; Mr. A. 
Herbert was Gerald FitzGerald ; Mr. W. Smith, J. M. Wil- 
son ; Mr. C. Digby, F. C. Wilson ; Mr. T. King, L. Evans ; 
Mr. R. Johnson, R. Kelly; Mr. Jas. Beale, E. Snow ; 
N. YaUs, Esq., T. E. Polwhele; J. Shepherd, Esq., Sheppard 

Reporting Progress, 41 

Harvey; and S. J. E. Jones, Esq., xms himself, Tom Pierce 
being myself. 

Why all the actors were " Misters," when the acting 
manager, stage manager, and even "prompter" were "Es- 
quires," I don't know. 

This invidious distinction disappeared from our bills after 
this first term. 

The lever du rideau was chosen by Conyngham, who " saw 
himself " in the part of Jack Delaware originally played by 
Charles Mathews. 

I say " G. Seymour " scuv himself, for it was more than the 
audience did, the stage being so dark — the action is supposed 
to be at night in an interior — that no one could see anything 
at all. 

For some time it was a mystery play, and to the end the 
plot was on the first night very intricate, chiefly owing to the 
nervousness of the performers, and the insufficiency of the 
rehearsal of this piece, all our time having been bestowed on 
the two important pieces of the evening, the middle farce, and 
the burlesque tragic opera. 

Two out of the three actors in this first trifle bustled about 
a good deal, and tried to find out the plot for themselves as 
they went on, while the third, who was supposed to be the 
hero of the story, rushed on and off in an excited manner, 
loudly declaring, in what he imagined to be a correct imitation 
of the American twang, that he was " A fast train, high 
pressure express ! " that, consequently, he wouldn't wait for 
anybody to do anything. As Griffin I had to be an old man in 
a night-cap, perpetually lighting a candle, and tumbling across 
Biffiiiy whose role consisted in coming on and yawning. What- 
ever the author might have given him to say, he had reduced 
to yawning. The difficulty was to get him off the stage when 
he had once entered. There he stood and yawned, without 
reference to anybody. Once only he ventured on a "gag" 
consisting of a single word not ordinarily mentionable to ears 
polite, which so flabergasted us that we hustled him off, and 

42 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A,D.C1' Camb, 

Yory soon afterwards the curtain was dropped on what we felt 
to be a hopeless muddle. " A. Herbert " only played in that 
piece, and his peculiar style on this occasion was due to his 
having considered it necessary to support his pluck for a 
public appearance by dining rather too late and too freely, so 
that all he recollected of his part was the "business" of 
yawning which, as I have said, he once varied with an 
exceptional *'gag." 

Let me say that when we repeated so as to do it justice, 
this piece on the third night, we had carefully rehearsed it ; 
all three dined together early, and it *'went" capitally. 
Entre nous I never thought much of Griffin , but it was a 
** one part piece," and that part wasn't Griffin. 

The farce of Did you ever send your Wife to C amber ivell we 
played for three nights, and it took amazingly. It was one 
of those broad, old Adelphi farces in which Messrs. Wright, 
Paul Bedford, and 0. Smith were constantly playing, though 
in this there was no part for *' little Paul,'' Wright's part fell 
to mc (by my own choice it need hardly be said), and the part 
of Crank was given to " W. Smith," who was nearly equal to 
the original "0. Smith " in the gravity and earnestness of his 

Unfortunately " W. Smith'* (J. M. Wilson) was very near- 
sighted ; indeed, " near-sighted," is hardly the word, as, unless 
a book were touching the tip of his nose, he could not distin- 
gish the print, and, when out walking, he was as likely as 
not to bow to a lanap-post under the impression that it was 
a tall Don of his College, or to follow a Proctor in full 
academical costume, with his Master of Arts gown strings 
flying, thinking that he was on the track of a pretty girl, and 
would only discover his mistake on the Proctor's turning 
round sharply, and coming right up against him to ask *' his 
name and College.'' 

J. M. Wilson had invariably rehearsed in the daytime 
when there was plenty of light, but he had never attempted 
to walk on any stage at night. 

Reporting Progress. 43 

Now J. M. Yfilson as Crank had to appear at a door at 
the back of the stage — had to walk slowly forward, and address- 
ing the other character, Honeybun, who is on the opposite 
side, and taking no notice of his entry, had to ask him, — 

" Sir, would you oblige me with the loan of a bellows ? '* 

The stage directions at rehearsal were that he was to repeat 
" Sir " several times in order to attract Honeybun's attention. 

This was done : and the third repetition of the word ** Sir " 
was to bring Wilson down to the flote, i.e., the footlights, 
which, of course, were unlighted in the daytime. 

At the last moment, outside the door of the scene by which 
he had to enter, it struck "Wilson that he shouldn't be able to 
see his way down the stage. 

The scene w^as, necessarily, partially dark, and the gas was 
not very brilliant ; the flote threw a clear and decided light 
on the toes and up as far as the knees, but the remainder was 
in shadow. This was rectified during the burlesque when all 
the wings were open, and the side-lights were added, but the 
farce was played in a close, screened-in scene. 

Poor Wilson appealed to the stage manager. 

" I say, I shan't be able to see." 

** You must go on," replied the inexorable Polwhele, who 
never played himself. ** They're waiting for you." 

*' Which way does the confounded door open?" asked 
Wilson in an agony. 

" Inwards," replied Polwhele, giving it a shove, and at 
the same time whispering to the unhappy man who was 
blindly, or shortsightedly, rushing on his fate, " Go straight 
on, there's nothing in your way." 

On came Wilson, like the street blind man without his 
dog, groping along, dazed by the peculiar glimmer he en- 
countered, and just able to pull himself together sufficiently to 
recollect that he had to say '* Sir " three times, and that the 
third " Sir " would land him in his proper place. Unfortunately 
he forgot that his first " Sir " ought to have been said at the 
door, in which case his calculation would have been exact — 

44 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C' Camb, 

for lie was an excellent mathematician, and would have been a 
wrangler — and the consequence of the omission was that as 
he gave his first " Sir " three paces in advance of the place 
where he ought to have started from, so it followed that his 
last " Sir " would be also three paces in advance of the place 
where he ought to have finished, and as this position was just 
one pace within the flote, so the two extra paces would have 
been two paces beyond the flote, i.e., in the orchestra. 

Slowly he came down, his back was turned — " Sir ! " I 
heard him saying gravely once. This was not my cue to 

" Sir ! *' he repeated, and as I was waiting for the third, 
I suddenly heard a crash, a shout, and a *' Hullo! look 
out," and saw Wilson's heels above the lamps on the stage, 
while the rest of him, uninjured, was in the arms of the 
tiddler and the cornet player below. Luckily our orchestra 
were watching the piece, and in their anxiety to catch every 
word, had caught the speaker tripping. 

J. M. Wilson was set on his legs again, provided with his 
spectacles, which had been fetched for him from the green 
room, the gas was turned up, and the piece went on as if no- 
thing had happened, the audience being in a most excellent 

But our greatest cause for congratulation w^as the real 
hondfule unqualified success of BomhasteSj which it is still 
my honest belief, was, if roughly, at all events earnestly 
played, with a true sense of the dignity of burlesque and 
with a genuine and intelligent appreciation of the fun of the 
piece, that won the most thorough approval of our audience. 

The great success of Bomhastes Furioso, however, was un- 
questionably due to Mr. C. Digby's (F. C. Wilson's) per- 
formance of Distaffma, which fairly took the audience by 
storm. Had F. C. Wilson been the most piquant burlesque 
actress within remembrance, the triumph could not have been 
greater. It surprised us all. So rapidly did the news of this 
impersonation get about, that the next night ** the house" 

Reporti7tg Progress. 45 

was crammed, the tickets went like wildfire, and we then 
decided on an " extra night." 

On the second performance of Bomhastcs, which was then 
placed in the middle of the bill, all the Maudlin men — I 
mean the Magdalene men — came with bouquets of lilies of 
the valley, which they showered on the representative of 
Distaffina at the end of the Burlesque. Evans (of King's) was 
an excellent Fusbos, while our Bombastes, though very good, 
was just a trifle too noisy. 

Before we rang up for the burlesque there was an alarm, 
not of Proctors but of fire. Something had gone wrong with 
the gas. With inimitable presence of mind, I, as manager, 
addressed the audience, informed them that " there was no 
ground for alarm, that it was only a gaspipe gone wrong which 
could be mended in a second," — I used to think anything 
could be done ' in a second ' — and finally wound up by asking 
them to be good enough to step into the Hoop hotel during 
the interval that must necessarily elapse before we recom- 
menced, which they could advantageously occupy in consom- 
matlons, " at," I generously added, " the expense of the Club.'* 

This was received with cheers. The audience went out, 
refreshed itself at our expense, and returned in the most 
intense good humour, evincing the heartiest desire to be 
satisfied with anything, and to be generally pleased with 
everything. Consequently, when the something good really 
did arrive — as it did in Bombastes — their enthusiasm was 

There was one other notable feature on this first night, 
namely, an introduction of a parody on " The Ratcatcher's 
Daughter" — at that time a very popular song at Evans's, 
when Evans's was Evans's, when Messrs. Sharpe and Sam 
Cowell sung and acted there, while Ross was giving us * Sam 
Hall ' at the Old Cider Cellars in Maiden Lane, immortalised 
by Doyle in his illustrations to Percival Leigh's Pips's Diary 
in Punch — which was sung by Artaxominous, and, as I find in 
the authentic record of the A. D. C, ''created a great furore,'' 

46 Personal Rcmmiscenccs of the ''A.D.CJ' Camb. 

The same record states that on the first night " the receipts 
were scanty, but a start ivas effected^ 

On the second night we played as a lever du rideau, a 
farce written by myself, my third attempt, entitled Bomance 
under Difficidties, which, by the way, * still holds the stage,' 
provincially, and among second-rate amateurs, as I have long 
since parted with my property in it, and the fees for its per- 
formance are very trifling, while the opportunities for tom- 
foolery are great. It was just the sort of farce that a novice 
fresh from a course of Maddison Morton dialogue, and from 
seeing Wright, Keeley, and Buckstone, in various farces, 
might have been expected to write. 

One of our dramatis personce sends me the following 
souvenir : — 

*' I remember," he writes to me, *'the rehearsal of your 
farce Bomance under Difficulties, in which you did not 
originally intend to play yourself, but in which you did play, 
owing to the incapacity of some one whose name I have for- 
gotten. My conscience does not altogether acquit me of 
having failed to satisfy you on that occasion, but there was 
one worse than I, — I was kept in the cast and the more inca- 
pable one excluded. However, I remember the frightful 
ordeal of the rehearsal with the author sitting in front, and 
his being too evidently dissatisfied with his interpreters. A 
change was made directly after the rehearsal, and I have no 
doubt the improvement was very decided." 

What a martinet I must have been ! and in those early 
days too ! evidently I didn't mince matters and was no 
respecter of persons where the success of a play, and that my 
own^^was concerned. 

The cast for Bomance Under Bifficidtles was — 
Benjamin Newbury .... Mr. T. King. 
Frederick Markham . ... Mr. Jas. Beale. 
Timothy Biggies .... Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Miss Fanny Newbury . . . . Mr. C. Eigby. 

Repoi'ting Progress, 47 

Then followed 

Number One Round the Corner, 

Flipper Mr. James Bealr. 

Nobbier Mr. Rich. Johnson. 

Second Floor Lodger . . . .Mr. Courtney. 

Mr. James Beale was cast for this part vice Mr. Georgo 
Seymour, who found the Fast Train quite enough for him, 
and * Mr. Richard Johnson,' (Eeginald Kelly of Trinity Hall) 
who had only appeared as Mrs. Jewell, quite a subordinate 
character, on the previous night, made what may really bo 
called his first appearance in the role of NolUer, and from 
that moment was marked as the most original and the most 
dryly humorous actor that ever appeared on the boards of the 
A. D. C. Kelly was of the Harley and Keeley school, 
but so slight was his acquaintance with the London stage 
that his beau, ideal of a comic actor, after Buckstone, 
was 'Clarke of the Haymarket,' who used to play valets, 
waiters, innkeepers, comic clerks, and such like parts that 
fall to the share of the third low comedian — where three 
are kept. 

Kelly preferred not acting in burlesque, he did not care for 
it ; his line was comedy, or farce. I think Clarke of the Hay- 
market was not great in burlesque — his line was also comedy, 
or farce. Later on, in the history of the A. D. C, his per- 
formance of Potter in Still Waters (by Tom Taylor) was 
masterly. In Number One Round the Corner the back scene 
suddenly fell on the two actors, who had to support it until 
the carpenters set it right. The audience were delighted. 

After this performance the popularity' of the Club com- 
menced, and we looked confidently forward to the next term 
when, with an accession of members, we should astonish the 
world with another performance which should be very far in 
advance of our first. 

I have no news of anything until the following term, the 
October term ; but as I then find, among the proposers and 

48 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

seconders, names not in the original list, I conclude that 
immediately after the first performance several members were 

Among them was Mr. Gibs6n, who 'was* afterwards our 
President, and Mr. (jharles Donne, son of the eminent 
scholar, Mr. William Bodham Donne, who for many years 
held the responsible position of Licenser of Plays in the 
Lord Chamberlain's office. 

Mr. Nathan of Castle Street was at this time our costu- 
mier, and his charges were certainly moderate. It should 
be added that our requirements were not great. But " they 
grew and they grew " like the trees in the ballad of Lord 

Now came an important time when my friend Conyngham 
quitted his rooms in Trinity Street to take up his abode in 
Green Street, whither I very soon after followed him. He 
was a second-year man when I had only just commenced 
residence, and having passed his Little Go, was now going in 
hard for reading for his degree. He practically withdrew 
from the Club, and I never remember him as playing any 
other part on the boards than the one already mentioned. 

He was on our committee, and interested himself more or 
less in the administration of our Club affairs up to the time 
of his taking his degree, which was in 1856, when with 
him disappeared from the University the last of a set, which, 
I believe, has never again reappeared there, I mean the old 
Fighting set, who could boast of such amateur pugilists as 
Jack Sheffield and Ferguson Davie, who, between them, had 
instituted the " Kepublic of Upware," to which admission as 
a member could only be obtained hjfightinr/ the champion/ 

It was a Fishing republic, and bargees belonged to it on 
the same terms as gentlemen. The landlord of the Fishing 
Hostelrie, where they met after their day's sport, was bound 
to let them have their beer at a certain reduction — I suppose 
on taking a quantity. 

Nat Langham and Professor Harrison were frequent 

Reporting Progress. 49 

yisitors at Conyngham's rooms in Triuity Street, accom- 
panied by professional performers on the banjo, and many 
a queer evening have I seen there, boxing in one corner, 
quarter-staff in another, a lesson on the banjo from a pro- 
fessor being given to the proprietor of the rooms himself 
in another j)art, " The Doctor " amusing a guest with card 
tricks and conjuring, at which he was an adept, somebody 
playing on the piano (regardless of the banjo) and myself in 
a corner by the fire, with some member of the "A. D. C," 
books in hand, and cigars or pipes in mouth, rehearsing 
our ** scene," and occasionally refreshing ourselves from the 
silver tankards on the table. It was very Bohemian, but very 
pleasant. We were the Bohemian Boys. 

The mention of "The Doctor" brings to my mind the 
*' tremendous situation " ^dth which, I may say, the second 
act of our "A. D. C." drama terminated, and which very 
nearly "brought down the house." 

Nothing succeeds like success, and after our first triumph 
a sudden accession of members — rich ones among them 
too — produced a considerable increase to our funds and to our 
real property, as most of the members gave presents to the 
Club from time to time, according to their means. Present? 
of books, chairs, and various articles, both of luxury and 
necessity, and before we separated for the vacation, it was 
decided unanimously that a treasurer was indispensable. The 
offices of treasurer and secretary were united, but they had 
hitherto been a sinecure, for the gentleman who held both, 
had to pay out the money as soon as he received it, and the 
minutes were kept in a very loose, fly-leafy sort of way. 

Now, however, we found ourselves in possession of some- 
thing like thirty- seven or forty pounds to the good, besides 
our club property. 

The summer vacation would last a good four months — what 
a pleasant absurdity by the way ! — and during our absence, 
who would attend to the rooms ? and, what was still more 
important, who would take care of the money ? 


50 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.d' Camb, 

We wanted a responsible person to see that our stage 
was not used, that the damp did not injure our scenes, that 
our small collection of books was not diminished, and, of 
course, we wanted a responsible person to hold the stakes. 

From the post of treasurer everybody shrank. It is odd 
that we never thought of depositing our funds in the bank, but 
we were inexperienced, and this never entered into our heads* 

Our simple method was to buy a cash-box, with a good lock, 
and therein keep the money. But in whose charge were we 
to leave the cash -box ? That was the question. 

There were three of our members staying up for a part 
of the "Long" to read for their degree, and each of these 
positively refused in turn to have anything to do with the 

Now, about this time, there had been some scandal in 
diplomatic circles, about the defalcations of a certain Foreign 
Office clerk, and a great many jokes were made on the sub- 
ject, and dark hints as to the uncertain future of our cash- 
box if trusted to any one of our members. 

At last Conyngham proposed " The Doctor " as treasurer, 
pointing out that as he was a resident, he would be able ta 
give an eye to the rooms, and look after our interests in 
our absence, while some one else proposed Gerald Fitz Gerald 
for the office. 

The Doctor was much liked as a hon camarade, but he did 
not inspire general confidence, while FitzGerald had already 
refused, on the ground that he should only stay up a short 
time, but added good-naturedly, that, faute de mieux, he 
would undertake the responsibility if we absolutely insisted 
on it. 

On this occasion several very witty lines were passed 
round the table, a propos of the scandal above mentioned, 
and the probability of our treasurer decamping, and, at our 
final meeting Peere Williams Freeman handed me a copy of 
verses, which in the free-and-easy and 'chafiy' spirit of our 
very pleasant society, I read aloud to the assembled company. 

Reporting Progress, 51 

I regret I can do no more than call to mind one couplet 
with which, after humorously hinting that it really didn't 
much matter to which of the two candidates we entrusted our 
coin, it finished — 

" One word to the Doctor before he departs, 
We'd as soon lose our money by Fiiz as by starts." 

However it was decided that the Doctor, for the reasons 
given by his proposer, would be the safer man, and so he 
became "j^ro tern., our treasurer. 

This was our last meeting in the May Term and then we 
broke up. The Doctor accepted the position, gave his receipt 
for the money, and we all went our various ways. 

End of Act First. Curtain. The Entr'acte is the long 
vacation, when audience and actors are refreshing themselves. 

The bell rings, or hammer knocks, and we re-enter for the 
Second Act, which you are already aware, is to have a startling 

E 2 



This began with a financial statement. 

It was a very simple one. 

The Doctor had disappeared. 

Or, if he had not absolutely disappeared, his whereabouts 
was uncertain, his most intimate friends looked gloomy, and 
— our cash-box had gone. 

On referring to the records of the exact sum for which our 
treasurer had been responsible, I find it differently stated at 
twenty-eight or thirty- two pounds. The entry is mild, and 
merely to this effect — I copy it verbatim — 

** injured the Club by spending its finances ivith icliich 

he had been intrusted; this teas a heavy bloio to a young club. 
(Loss of £28):' 

But as there is no date to this, I fancy it was made some 
time afterwards, from memory. And it strikes me that the 
amount lost is here either no exactly stated, or is put at a 
less figure, or that the cash received in the May Term 
was reduced to this by payments, made perhaps, on account, 
to Lovett our carpenter, to whom we were still in debt, and if 
so, then this would represent the actual sum of which '' The 
Doctor" relieved his pa*iients. 

We were ali very sorry for him, and regretted that he had not 
confided his difficulties to his friends in the Club. He wrote 
us a letter acknowledging his fault, pleading his necessities, 
and promising re-payment. I for one, never saw him again 

October Term, i8j^. 53 

— to speak to. He was an amusing man, many years older tlian 
any one of his very young friends (as may be imagined), had 
seen a great deal of life (as may be also imagined), and could 
do conjuring tricks as well as any amateur professor of 
legerdemain I have ever met. He had a talent for making 
things disappear, but hitherto we had always been per- 
mitted to recover them. But this final trick with the twenty- 
eight or thirty-two sovereigns admitted of no return, and he 
vanished from the scene. 

This is what I have called end of Act the Second. 

Act the Third began with a whip all round, which brought 
our finances up to the right mark, and then we sat down to 
arrange our performances for the term. 

I now copy from the minutes. October, 1855. 

*' At a General Meeting held, the prospects of the Club were 

" Mr, Kelly was elected Treasurer and Secretary,'^ 

And we couldn't have chosen a better man than Reginald 
Kelly of Kelly, then undergraduate of Trinity Hall. 
The following gentlemen were then elected : — 

Proposed by 

Seconded by 

Mr. Thomas Thomhill . 

, Mr. Harvey . 

. Mr. Gibson. 

Mr. Murray . . , 

. Mr. Kelly . 

. Mr. Donne. 

Mr. Salter 

. Mr. Burn and . 

. Mr. Harvey. 

Mr. Ernwin 

• do. 

, . do. 

Mr. Woodmas . 


. Mr. Donne. 

Mr. Dalton 

. Mr. Herssel , 

. . Mr. Bumand. 

And it was then decided that the second performances of 
the " A. D. C." should be given on the 6th and 7th Novem- 
ber, when ** were performed " (according to the brief entry 
written by two distinct hands, and filled in with blue ink), 
"Delicate Ground. — Characters by Donne, Wilson, FitzGerald. 
Tivo in the Morning. — Burnand and Donne. VilUJcins and 
his Dinah. — A burlesque by Mr. Burnand, acting manager. 
Room full." 

54 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. B.C." Cainb. 

" Boom Full " speaks volumes for the then gromng popu- 
larity of the Club, but the success was so great that on 
November 8th, 1855— the day following our second perform- 
ance — ^I find a minute recorded thus — 

** Nov, 8, 1855. In consequence of the numerous applica- 
tions for tickets, the same pieces ivere performed again, and 
were received ivith great applause hy a numerous audience,'" 

But not content with this, we thirsted for more blood, and 
at a meeting on November 12th, it was decided " to have 
three more i^erformances at the end of Term,'' 

Two performances of three days each in one term ! And 
this after a three days' performance in the May Term. 

An " A. D. C." enthusiast, in our day, could not go in for 
much else — specially if he were reading — except out of door 
exercise ; and if he were reading, he would even give up the 
" A. D. C." for that term, or would only play in one piece. 
Of course, I am prepared to admit that in its infancy the 
"A. D. C." was, necessarily, a secret society, rather Bo- 
hemian than aristocratic in its sentiments, rather jovial than 
ascetic in its tendencies. 

The rehearsals were the occasions of delightful little 
dinners and suppers in each other's rooms, and in these 
we were not luxurious, nor were our " spreads " anything like 
so expensive, or so pretentious, as what w^ere called the 
" Athenaeum Teas." 

Our games of loo, among those of us who played, were 
for moderate stakes ; and, as we were not a Dining Club, we 
had no reason for entering into any sort of competition with 
such ancient University Institutions as the Beefsteak Club or 
the True Blue, whose glory is in their " potations pottle - 
deep," and their ' chippiness ' in the morning. Oh ! how the 
Heads of the University that had been to the 'Steak on 
Saturday night used to ache at Sunday morning Chapel ! 

The active members of the "A. D. C." went in for small 
sociable gatherings, the bond of union among them being the 

October Term, i8^^, 55 

similarity of tastes, and the one object in view, i.e., the 
success of our performance. 

As to what the Dons thought of it at this stage of our 
existence, I had a very good opportunity of judging. 

Some malicious person had spread the report that our 
meetings in our Club rooms were orgies of the worst descrip- 

The Proctors determined to assure themselves of the truth : 
and applied to me to show one of them over the " A. D. C." 

I met him at the door of the Hoop Hotel, capped him most 
respectfully, expressed myself extremely pleased at the oppo- 
tunity thus aflforded me of making his acquaintance, and 
walked him up the stairs to our little auditorium. 

To his surprise there were no tables, no chairs, no signs of 
revelry or drinking. 

The room was uncommonly like a lecture room without 
desks, until his eye rested on our proscenium. 

Now I must here observe, that, if from the very com- 
mencement of my University career, I entertained a morbid 
dislike of Dons, I, on the other hand, felt an intense sym- 
pathy for the Proctors, who seemed to me to be doing the 
dirty work of the University. 

I had always considered the Proctors as a sort of ecclesi- 
astical police, parsons in white ties and bands, paid to do 
the work of common constables, making domiciliary visits, 
running risks of being grossly insulted by outsiders, and 
sure of getting more kicks than halfpence in a Town and 
Gown scrimmage, or in any other disorderly proceeding 
where they were bound to interfere. They must be accom- 
panied — are now I suppose — by two men generally good * on 
their pins ' and not bad with their fists, who were styled 
*' bull dogs." 

The Proctors being unable to run, the bull dogs would have 
to chase the game, and once on the track of an offending 
undergraduate, their duty is to * run him in.' 

They were also spies — these bull dogs — and detectives; 

56 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Canib. 

very useful to an officious, over-zealous Dogberry, but obnox- 
ious to a quiet gentlemanly Proctor, who happened to be in 
office because he couldn't help himself, or who was inclined 
to do no more than what was within the strict letter of the 

Now from one such Proctor as this last mentioned, I had 
received signal kindness in my first term. I never forgot it. 
I was always civil and courteous to Proctors, and when fined 
for being without my cap and gown, I paid my money cheer- 
fully, in the hope that out of it a worthy class of men might 
get some little percentage for performing so unpleasant a duty 
as theirs was in the University. It pleased me to think I 
was contributing a small sum for the support of the Proctors. 
That their bull dogs should get anything out of it, even a 
half pint of beer, annoyed me. 

So it happened that instead of being in antagonism to this 
Proctor who paid the ** A. D. C." a visit, I w^as on the con- 
trary quite afi'ectionately disposed towards him. 

I was frankness itself. There was nothing to be concealed. 
There was nothing we were ashamed of. All was open and 
above board, except under the stage, which was below board ; 
but there was not much of this — the elevation from the floor 
being only four feet (we couldn't get more) so that any un- 
fortunate person who had to disappear down our trap had to 
lower himself — the only occasion when any member of the 
" A. D. C." was required to lower himself — and go on all 
fours in order to disappear altogether. For instance, when 
Faust and Mephistopheles went ad, inferos together, it had to 
be done in that way. When in Used Up, Sir Charles had to 
go down into the cellar and meet the blacksmith — that is 
how it had to be done, and that was the space they had to 
do it in. 

I explained all this to the Proctor, without the illustrations, 
as we had not at that time played either Faust or Used Up, 

and pointed out our many ingenious contrivances in this^ 
the merest nursery of art. 

October Term, 18^5. 57 

He was much interested, considerably amused, o\\'ned 
that our object was laudable, and our efforts, not only- 
harmless, but absolutely beneficial. And I daresay he re- 
counted to several Dons in Hall, or in the common room 
that evening, his visit to the '* A. D. C," and expressed his 
wish to see, unofficially, one of our performances. At all 
events, before we parted, he gave me his positive assurance 
that, as long as we continued in the path of virtue, as long as 
we stuck to our professed object of amusing the undergraduate 
public with our theatrical entertainments, and did not permit 
orgies, or suppers, or Bacchanahan gatherings in our Club 
rooms, so long we might be quite certain of not being inter- 
fered with by the authorities, that is, as far as he could speak 
for them, lie at all events did not expect Cox and Box to be 
Fellows of Trinity, and did not wish us to be performing 
musty old Greek and Latin plays like the Westminster 

His report must have been good, as during the whole three 
years and a-half of my University career we were never once 
molested, or warned, nor, I am bound say, did we, as a Club, 
ever once in any way give occasion for reprimand. 

Gradually and unofficially the Dons came to us : dropping 
in, here a couple, and there a couple, saying no more about it 
to their stricter clerical brethren, than they would now-a-days- 
had they paid an evening visit to the Aquarium, or if they 
had gone to see such a naughty French play as hes Dominos 
Roses at the Criterion. 

There was no harm in a Don coming to witness our perform- 
ances. He went away, not one whit the worse, but rather the 
better, as he had generally seen something to amuse him, and 
had also witnessed the spectacle of a number of young men 
enjoying a hearty laugh instead of losing more than they 
could afford at loo, or at billiards, diinking at wines, giving 
the Proctors trouble in the questionable environs, or steadily 
over-muddling their brains, while exhausting the midnight 

58 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.Cy Camb. 

I have known, as time went on, plenty of reading men who 
made a point of taking our performances as their one ex- 
ceptional evening recreation in the course of the term. The 
*' Coaches" were always there. 

We didn't at first attempt any union with 'the Musical So- 
ciety at Cambridge, though I now think that this might have 
been done with advantage. I believe some such amalgamation 
was tried, but musicians are such uncommonly difl&cult 
people to deal with, — when, that is, theatrical people are deal- 
ing with them. On which side the fault lies I cannot say, 
but this I know that musicians invariably want to have it all 
their own way, and it is a most difficult task, requiring great 
tact, courtesy, and patience, to keep the conductor of a 
theatrical orchestra, or a composer, in his proper place. They 
begin by apparently yielding everything, they would end by 
assuming the entire control. 

We commenced with a magnificent band of four musicians at 
the "A. D. C." under the leadership of " White-headed Bob," 
who played the violin. He was supported by an Italian 
looking person, of a sulky temperament, who played the 
cornet with a settled air of disgust, and another man with 
greasy hair and no shirt collar, who was very cruel to a 
violoncello, and who was perpetually being remonstrated with 
by his conductor, soito voce, and making apologies for wrong 
notes, or wrong time, in an undertone. There was another 
musicianer who went about the town tied to a harp, as if 
he were a public example of the retribution that a man 
brought on his own shoulders by being a musical nuisance. 
The violoncello was not one of Bob's regular * merry 
men,' but the harpist — a sad and seedy-looking man with 
ringlets peculiar to the gipsy tribe — was one of the three 
celebrities who played at all our * wines,' at all our after- 
dinners, and who were paid by the hat going round for every- 
one to put a shilling in. The host on these occasions gener- 
ally gave something extra, and, not unfrequently, as a patron 
of art, I used to give half-a-sovereign between the three, when 

October Term, i8j^. 59 

my party was small, and the convives unwilling to go beyond 
* bobs up.' 

As Bob and his merry men would visit several parties in a 
night, commencing with wines soon after five in the afternoon, 
I have no doubt they made an excellent thing of it. The 
report was, years ago, that these three eminent musicianers 
had purchased large freehold plots in the neighbourhood of 
Cambridge, were considerable landholders, were really, besides 
this, immensely wealthy — * immensely j' of course — and that 
it was supposed by those who knew something about them, 
that the harpist would perhaps stand for the county at the 
next election. 

What has become of the harpist and the sulky cornet- 
player I do not know, but to my astonishment and delight, on 
revisiting the glimpses of the moon, in order to witness an 
** A. D. C." performance in 1878 — twenty-three years since 
the foundation of the Club — I saw the white head of White- 
headed Bob bending over the music score, and his right hand 
that had lost none of its cunning fiddling away with all its old 
might and main. 

We had not an opportunity of speaking, but he beamed at me 
behind his dark blue, or green, spectacles, and I returned the 
beam that was in his eye with something like a mote in my 
own, which prevented me from seeing quite distinctly, and a 
gulp in my throat which hindered me from doing more than 
murmuring " How d'ye do, Bob ?" from a distance, as all the 
old scenes, all the old days, all the old companions, seemed 
to crowd up before me, and I thought of myself twenty-three 
years before, without a care, without a thought much beyond 
the enjoyment of the moment — I was only in the beginning 
of my nineteenth year — and as happy as the day, including 
the night and plenty of it, was long. 

Ah ! we were a very happy lot in my time at Trinity. No 
doubt there are just as happy lots now, and have been since, 
and will be to the end ; but taking our taste for what it was, 
seeing what we enjoyed most, seeing what liberty we had for 

6o Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

social enjoyment, — a liberty which now-a-days, I observe, 
is considerably curtailed, — and comparing what we wanted to 
do, and did, with what our successors w^ould like to do, and 
don't, I reaffirm, that, according to my unchanged notions on 
this subject, ours w^ere very very happy days at Cambridge — I 
mean no pun by the italics chough those happy days passed like 
/lowrs— because there was far more opportunity of enjoyment, 
far more liberty, far more freedom than there has been since. 

We saw the last and the best of it. 

Some after us took advantage of the liberty, made it license, 
and brought on themselves and their successors the conse- 
quence of their foolishness. 

We w^ent right up to the limit of our bounds w4iich were 
elastic enough, but we never overstrained the band. 

Our active " A. D. C." members were, heart and soul, 
in our theatre, and we were bound together by the fraternal 
bonds of good fellowship, hospitality, and conviviality. Like 
Preemasons, we *' proceeded from labour to refreshment," 
giving each its proper place in our daily arrangements, for the 
benefit of the "A. D. C." 

All our dinners and suppers took place at each other's 
rooms, and consequently I was able to assure the Proctor, 
that we never had any Club dinners at the Hotel, or in the 
rooms, that the most ever done was, in the course of rehearsal, 
to send for a chop, or a glass of sherry, or a pint of beer, to 
refresh exhausted nature. 

"We didn't even allow smoking on the stage during re- 

The scene painter had his fixed hours for work, and the 
actors had theirs, and the great difficulty w^as to settle some 
common time, when all, without sacrificing other more impor- 
tant occupations, or open air necessary exercise, could meet 
together for rehearsal. But this difficulty we met by mutual 

I will now give the full bill of the performances for 
Nov. 6th, 7th, and 8th. At the head of one bill marked 

Ociober Term, 18^5. 61 

** Nov. 8th, 1855," I find this note evidently made at the 
time : — 

" JVednesday.—Full. £15." 

" TJmrsday.— Crowded — mamj members present. ^16." 
'■^Friday. — Crowded up to the footlights — no standing-room — only six 
members present. ^18." 

Evidently on the last night visitors were admitted into the 
seats reserved for members. 

The form of the programme is the same as that used in 
the preceding term, but there are signs of greater care in 
drawing it up. All the "Esquires " are omitted except one, 
and the initials "A. D. C." are in ornamental lettering. 

A. ». C. 



Or, PARIS IN 1793. 

Citizen Sangfroid l^Ir. C. J. Algernon. 

Alphonse de Grandier . . . . Mr. R. John.son. 
Pauline {Citizen Sangfroid^ s wife) . Mr. C. Digby. 



]Mr. Benjamin Newx)enny . . . ;Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Stranger Mr. C. J. Algernon. 

To conclude with the Serio-Comic Burlesque (written expressly for 
the "A. D. C." by Tom Pierce, Esq.), hearing the 
Jieart-r ending and ivcU-knoion title of 


Master Grumbleton Gruffin [a rich soap mcr- 

clmnt of Loiulon, the original Paricnt) . Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Baron Boski Bumble {ancestor of the cele- 
brated Beadle — the original Loviery so 
galliant and gay) .... Mr. F. Houghton. 
William Willikins {socially and convivially 

knoivn as ^^VilUkins "), in love icith . Mr. L. Courtney. 
Dinah Gruffin {sole feminine female offspring 

of the above-mentioned soaj) merchant) . Mr. C. Digby. 
Servants, &e., &c. 
ACT I. — Feoxt Gaedbit at Geuffin's Villa, Clapham. 
ACT II.— The Back Garden at Gruffin's Villa, with a view 
OF THE Vegetables. 

Books of the new Burlesque may be had in the rooms, price One Shilling 

Acting Manager— Mr. TOM PIERCE. Stage Manager— Mr. 2f. TATES 
Scenery by Mr. S. J. E. JONES. 

62 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.C." Canib. 

The MS. notes on this bill are that the first piece was 
" Capital:' 

That the second was *' A great hit on the third night,'* 
which doesn't imply much for its two first representations. 

That ** All the hooks of the burlesque were solely'' which 
must have been satisfactory to the author's printer. 

And that " the dresses were hy Nathan of Castle Street, 
the wigs by Wilson, Strand." 

Messrs. Nathan, the well-known costumiers for amateurs, 
had supplied the Athenaeum performance, and had probably 
introduced Wilson, and we very naturally went to them. The 
band was still by * White-headed Bob and talented assistants,* 
and against " Villikins " and " Dinah " is written " cajntal." 

It is to be noticed here that, for some reason or other, there 
was a change in the assumed names. 

" Mr. R. Johnson " no longer stood for Reginald Kelly, 
but for Gerald FitzGerald, while the latter appeared in the 
burlesque under the name of " Mr. L. Courtney," and R. 
Kelly as " Mr. F. Houghton." 

" Mr. C. J. Algernon " meant Charles Edward Donne. 
" Mr. C. Digby " meant F. C. Wilson. '' Mr. Tom Pierce " 
— myself ; and the servants were taken by Messrs. Hassall and 
Murray, two new members, both got up most grotesquely. 

Our artistic friend Jones was invited to pay us another 
visit at the same terms ; but it is clear that he had begun to 
be like * poor Dog Tray,' of whom it was written by his 
affectionate master that — 

" Ten shillings in a year 
For his company was dear, 
So I put an end to Old Dog Tray." 

And though we didn't put an end to Old Dog Tray — yet we 
proposed cur-tailing him considerably, as the committee held 
a meeting on the subject of " Jones," and it was decided that 
we were to dine him in turn, but that he was to stay with one 
of the committee. I forget now who put him up on his 

October Term, iSsS- 63 

second visit, but I rather think it was Conyngham who had 
moved to Green Street, and had a room at his disposal. 

Jones — bless him — fed very well. He deserved it, for he 
worked hard, and om- connection with him did not cease for 
nearly a year, and until he had painted for us. 

1. A luood scene, wings, and borders, 

(We noted the borders as " flies " — I thought the word 
looked technical and sounded well, and we were nothing at 
that time if not theatrical.) 

2. Palace scene and icings. 

3. Lake landscape. Drop, 

4. Cottage interior and icings. 

5. Dockyard scene. 

I recollect this last one. It really was an admirable example 
of scene painting on a small scale, and was most effective. 
We used it in ' Twould puzzle a Conjuror (played here in 1856). 

6. Items, Numerous set pieces ^^ for a pnson scene, a 
street, a cottage (exterior), a garden and fountain, a view 
from window, and,'' says the note in the records, *^ very- 
many other useful pieces." 

The * view from the icindow ' was * the backing ' used in 
Two in the Morning, showing in perspective the opposite side- 
of the street, with a transparent blind down, behind which are 
seen two figures embracing. The figures never could be 
got to appear at the right moment at rehearsal, but I have no 
doubt they did so on that third night representation, when 
this farce made such ' a great hit,' 

We were successful, we were increasing in popularity, and 
we might have fairly considered ourselves as permanently 
established, that is, as permanently as any University Club 
which aims at being something beyond a mere reading room 
can be. 

Each term brought us new members from among our 
seniors, our contemporaries, and our juniors. 

64 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D. C" Cainb. 

On Nov. 12 we held a committee meeting at Mr. Donne's 
rooms whicli were at the further end of Jesus Lane, near the 
corner of Malcolm Street. 

Mr. C. E. Donne, who had scarcely one more year of ' resi- 
dence ' at the University, came to us with a considerable his- 
trionic reputation. It was whispered, that, "once upon a time," 
he and Alfred Thompson, who had taken his degree two or 
three years before my arrival — after getting up some theatricals 
at Cambridge, had actually gone to Norwich, or Yarmouth, 
and had performed on the real stage, in a real drama, with 
real, live actors, and that Charles Donne was absolutely on 
speaking terms with one Mr. Sidney, the manager, and Mrs. 
Sidney the manageress of the Norwich Theatre, and with a 
Mr. Billington, who, being on the stage himself, had strongly 
recommended Charles Donne to choose any profession but 

For Charles Donne had entertained strong ideas on the 
subject, and so it appeared had Alfred Thompson, and on the 
occasion of their Norwich, or Yarmouth, visit, the former, 
whose voice and manner eminently fitted him for a tragedian, 
had, with great success, taken the part of Beverley in Tlie 
Gamester. Heavens! What Mr. Alfred Thompson had per- 
formed on that occasion we were not then informed, and none 
of ' our year' up at Cambridge had ever seen the gentleman in 
question, and very few, of our generation, had even heard of 
him. And yet he had got up two performances at some rooms 
— Swan's auction rooms — and he has since informed me, 
that, three years before I came up, he had most successfully, 
produced The Rivals in the very rooms subsequently taken by 
the " A. D. C." 

This our landlord, Mr. Ekin, never mentioned to us, 
though perhaps it accounts for his unwillingness to hear any 
details from me as to what use we proposed to put his rooms. 

Had we commenced with llie Rivals, I do not think the 
" A. D. C." would ever have reached its second, much less 
its twenty-fifth year. We aimed low, and hit the mark 

October Term, 18^5- 65 

exactly. Our selection of pieces does not sliow any great 
ambition. We only wanted to amuse, and — be amused. 

Charles Donne who had succeeded so well in the role 
of Beverley at Norwich (or Yarmouth), and who might have 
been expected to propose himself for The Stranger in Kotze- 
buo's drama, was cheerfully contented to be cast for the part 
of The Stranger — the comic stranger, I mean, in Charles 
Mathews' version of some French duologue, entitled Tico in 
the Morning. 

The piece had been popular in London, at the Lyceum, I 
think, with Charles Mathews as The Stranger, and Keeley as 

I have never seen it, but the two must have been inimitable 
in it. I ftxncy we were inimitable too. 

Charles Donne took great interest in the Club, and ho 
was a first-rate rehearser, and went at it as in thorough 
earnest. What was worth doing at all, was worth doing well, 
and this w^as the opinion of the three who played in Delicate 
Ground when F. C. Wilson astonished us all as Pauline, 
and when Alphonso de Grandier's pistol wouldn't go ofi' at the 
time when it ought to have gone ofi', but, choosing its own 
moment, nearly set fire to Citizen Sangfroid's white wig — 
which as a Citizen of 1793 he ought not to have been wearing. 

So it came about — not through the pistol shot, but through 
Charles Donne's becoming so interested in Club matters — that 
he was soon on our committee, and that on the 12th of No- 
vember, 1855, the committee met in his rooms as I have just 

On the brief minutes of that meeting I find it recorded 

" Mr. R. L. Lomax was admitted as Honorary MemherJ'^ 

Mr. K. L. Lomax was a B.A., and had left the University. 

" The Laws were drawn up for the Club J'* 

(So they had been rather vague up till now). 

66 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C' Camb. 

" It teas decided to have three more performances .at the end 
of Term." 

On Nov. 22, 1855, same term, I find this entry : — 

*' At a General Meeting the Laws were 'passed ivith a few 

The first rule shows the deep veneration — for it was more 
than respect — in which we held the celebrated Garrick Club, 
of which I — speaking for myself — had only heard, barely knew 
where it was situated, except that it was somewhere within the 
(to me) hallowed precincts of Covent Garden, and could not 
boast of any personal friends among its members : but, on the 
other hand, I imagined how it consisted of all the wits, and all 
the literary and dramatic celebrities of the time, — "All the 
talents " in fact — I was sure that Thackeray was a member 
of it — how I used to envy anyone who had the inestimable 
privilege of ' knowing Thackeray at home ! ' — and I fancied 
that at night its smoking room sparkled with repartee and 
witticisms ; that actors came in to sup and to tell droll stories 
of * behind the scenes ' — that Albert Smith sat in a corner — 
like an entertaining Jack Horner — eating some sort of pie 
after his hard night's work at the Egyptian Hall, or whatever 
he might have been doing then, — and that a few — a very 
select few * men about town,' — such as Andrew Arcedeckne, 
whom I only knew by sight at the Cider Cellars, Lord 
Exmouth and Sir Henry Webb, with both of whom I was on 
the mildest possible speaking terms, when I sat near them in 
a stall next my father's at the opera, Covent Garden, — lounged 
about in evening dress, addressing eminent men by their 
Christian names, or by familiar abbreviations ; I imagined 
how they drowned care, if they had any, these Olympians, in 
the flowing bowl, how smoke from fragrant havannas 
ascended — how everyone was jovial, convivial, chafiy, gay, 
and brilliant, in the Old Garrick Club, and, when we drew 
up our rules for the " A. D. C." I recommended a clause which 
should make membership at the Garrick a qualification for 

October Term, i8^^, 67 

membership at the "A. D. C," putting thereby the Garrick 
on a par, in this respect, with the two Universities ; and rule 
1 stood thus : — 


" That this Club consist of Members and Honorary Members , 
the former to be Resident Members in the University y the 
latter to have had their names on the boards of one of 
the Colleges, or to have been elected ad eundem Members 
of the University, or he Members of the University of 
Oxford, or of the Garrick did) in London.'' 

I take this from a copy of rules as at a latter date revised, 
but our first rule was substantially the same, and, as a proof 
of the estimation in which the Drama was held by us, it re- 
mains on our ** A. D. C." rules that membership at the 
Garrick is equivalent to an ad eundem degree. 

The Garrick Club has never returned the compliment, and 
has not yet considered membership at the " A. D. C." a 
sufficient qualification for election as an honorary member. 

The next entry is, 

*' Mr, Watt Gibson {of Magdalene) was elected Pre- 

*^ Mr, Donne was elected Treasurer and Secretary, Mr, 
Kelly having resigned." 

I fancy the cares of a prospective Little-Go were weighing 
on Mr. Kelly's mind, but from the first he had disliked the 
office of *' Secretary and Treasurer," — which official position 
was destined to be the cause of considerable trouble to him 
at a future time, whereof more anon, — though on the defalca- 
tion of *' The Doctor" he had kindly accepted the post 

" Mr. Baillie was elected Promjyter." 

This 7uas a responsible position with a vengeance. It 
was not easily filled, as those who cared to be on the stage at 
all in any capacity, wished at least to be seen, if only occa- 

F 2 

68 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CP Camo. 

sionally heard by the audience. Now a prompter's duty re- 
quires* that he should be ne'cer seen by the audience, and 
heard onlij by the actors ; moreover, that he should attend all 
the rehearsals, make notes of all the changes and alterations in 
the stage directions, write out all the "calls," regulate the 
lights, ring up, ring down, give the cues to the carpenters 
and the orchestra, and, in the stage-manager's absence, pre- 
serve order behind the scenes. 

Mr. Baillie, by accepting this post, to which he was unani- 
mously elected— any one was sure of being unanimously 
elected to be prompter, as everyone dreaded being nominated 
for it — evinced his strong penchant for theatricals, and his 
deep interest in the welfare of a club, which henceforth 
would demand of him a considerable amount of self-denial 
in regard to the time he had hitherto allotted to such ab- 
sorbing field sports as racing at Newmarket, hunting, and 
the drag. 

He was a capital prompter, and generally came to rehearsal 
dressed in cords and tops, and with a formidable hunting crop 
in his hand, which being waved energetically during his stage 
directions, gave him the air of a refined slave driver. 

He was very hardly used. All our prompters were. When- 
ever he renounced the drag to attend rehearsal, only two or 
three of the performers came ; and then, after trying to do 
something useful, they would all leave together — protesting. 
' Protesting ' — is not the word. 

Not being a * hunting man,' and never having been rash 
enough to attempt the drag, — though I witnessed it, once, in a 
boldly critical spirit, from the road — and not being a regular 
attendant at "Newmarket" — nor racket-player — nor a 
frequenter of the fives courts — nor given to billiards — nor 
much on the river — I was always ready for rehearsal at any 
time. My riding exercise I fitted in to my times for re- 

Well, Mr. Baillie was elected prompter, in which capacity 
he contrived to distinguish himself considerably. 

October Term, 1855. 69 

At the same meeting 

"• The inosiKcis of the Club were discussed, and found to 
he in a flourishing condition,'^ 

*' yi rehearsal was fixed for the 2Sth to try neiv memhersfor 
the next j^erformance." 

There is a sporting, training sort of air about this resolution 
that seems to betoken our new prompter's influence on the board 
of direction. The prompter was always a committee-man. 

The Committee consisted of the President, who had the 
privilege of giving the committee a dinner on the day of 
meeting, the Acting Manager, the Stage Manager, the Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, the Promj^ter. 

The next performances, recorded as ^^ very successful,^ ^ took 
place on Dec. 5th, 6th, and 8th, when the programme was 

A« x>- c. 



Or, the manager IN DISTRESS. 

Manager {by himself) .... Mr. Yates. 

m"- ^'% f \ (/^-^'^^^^^ 0/^^'^ Manager) \ f'' f ?^^'«- 

Mr. Bustleton P*' "^ \ Mr. A. Jones. 

Prompter {by lumself) .... Mr. G. Lindsay. 

It wasn't long before the new prompter appeared in public. 
I remember this piece well. We wanted to fill up the bill 
without repeating one of our former pieces. We got hold of 
the farce of The Manager in Distress, in which actors appear 
among the audience, and founded this piece on it. 

*' Mr. Yates " (Polwhele) appeared as himself, and " Mr. 
Davis " (E. Kelly), and " Mr. A. Jones" (myself) arrived as 
his friends to take dessert with him in his managerial room, 
and to help him out of the difficulties, which were announced 
by the prompter as having arisen from the non-appearance 
of the principal performers. We dispensed with any actors 

70 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb, 

among the audience, merely giving him a taste of our quality 
as to what we each could do to assist him ; my part I recollect 
heing to clear the dessert table of all the fruit as rapidly 
as possible (though I don't quite see how this would have 
helped any Theatrical performance), while my friend Mr. Easy 
went in for the wine and biscuits. The prompter re-appeared 
just at the moment when we had reduced the manager to 
distraction, and had made him feel very sore in consequence 
of having pointed all our remarks by the very practical ' busi- 
ness ' of digging him in the ribs, and slapping him on the 
back. In fact his part — unwritten but perfectly natural — 
was limited towards the latter portion of the performance to 
saying "Oh don't," and "Come! I say," then coughing 
violently, and subsequently begging for mercy. This was very 
much to the taste of the audience, up to a certain point, when 
they began to grow a little tired of the repetition of this 
pantomimic exhibition, and Mr. G. Lindsay entered to 
announce the arrival of the principals, when the manager 
thanked us^ apologised to the much enduring audience, and 
the curtain descended, to rise again on — 


Binks (a coimnercial traveller) . . . Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Kit Crimmins {landlord of the '^ Bcnhow 

Inn") . . . . . • . . Mr. K. Johnson. 

Jack Eobinson Mr. S. Vane. 

Boots Mr. E. Courtney. 

Mrs. Crimmins Mr. G. Foster. 

Mrs. Eobinson ]y[r. R. Neete. 

Mary Moggs {housemaid to the '^Benbow") . Mr. S. Edwards. 

The Bear {Jack RoUnson's) . . . Mr. G. Rece. 

TO conclude with the eomance of keal life, entitled 
BOX AND cox. 

Box {a journeyman 2irinter) . , . Mr. Tom Pierce. 
(^o^ {a journeyman hatter) .... Mr. R. Johnson. 
Mrs. Bouncer (a laiullady) . . .Mr. F. Millsom. 

76 Manager—Mr. N. TATES. Acting Maiuige) — Mr. TOM PIERCE. 
Prompter— Mr. LINDSAY. 
Scenery and Appoinimenta hy Messrs. JONES and CLABKSON. 

October Term^ 1^55- 71 

In this bill, several new names occur. ' Mr. S. Vane " was 
E. Salter of Trinity Hall. Gerald FitzGerald changed his 
name again and took " E. Courtney. " Mr. K. Neete " was 
Dalton, "Mr. Edwards" E. Smith, of John's, and *'G. 
Rece " (grease), who played the bear in the farce, was A. Has- 
sall. In the last piece Salter appeared as " Mr. F. 

The absence from the bill of Charles Donne, "Mr. C.Digby,'* 
and F. C. Wilson, is one of the most noticeable features. 
The former, *'Mr. Algernon," had only recently made his 
first appearance, and was already " a star ; " while the other 
was recognized as the " Leading Lady," without whose assist- 
ance it had been considered impossible to have a performance 
which should prove sufficiently attractive. 

" Mr. C. Digby " was already beginning to read for his 
degree of January '57, while " Mr. Algernon " was actually 
on the eve of his degree of January '^^^ so both gentlemen 
retired into private life, and, deprived of their valuable 
assistance, we determined to rely on the piece of nonsense 
already described, a slight farce, and the ever popular Box 
and Cox — not Fellows of Trinity. 

Without Mr. C. Digby we dared not venture on a burlesque, 
and without Mr. Algernon we had no one on whom we could 
rely to support even a vaudeville of any serious interest. 

But our remaining difficulty was our ladies ! 

With the demand came the supply, and " Mr. Neete " — 
the name was chosen to indicate his nattiness and petite-ness 
— came to the rescue and appeared as " Mrs. Crimmins," — 
which was exactly the sort of part that would not have suited 
Mr. C. Digby, and indeed one which no one would have 
thought of offering him. 

I call to mind how Dalton, in the smart landlady's dress, 
took us all utterly by surprise ; so much so indeed, that 
coming up the stairs of the " A. D. C." to the green room — 
which served us as dressing room as well — our ascetic prompter 
mistook him for a chambermaid from the hotel, and indig- 

72 Pe7'sonal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb. 

nantly complained of sucli a vara avis having been permitted 
to appear within our jealously guarded, because still jealously 
watched, precincts. 

I have said that our green room served us also for a common 
dressing room, and indeed for a property room, at first ; and 
its appearance during our performances, when the performers 
were in full swing of painting, dressing, undressing, washing, 
going over their words, and hunting for properties, was not 
unlike Hogarth's ' Strolling Players ' in a barn — only, of 
course, a gentlemanly and very much Bowdlerised version 
of that celebrated work. 

This extra performance was for the benefit of the Club 
funds, and it was expected to pay on the strength of the 
reputation of the previous performances. No Jones was 
invited to paint, no Nathan was employed, only Clarkson the 
perruquier, who brought everything with him, including such 
costumes as were wanted for the farce, and we were saved the 
expense of band rehearsals, as we had no burlesque. 

The performances w^ould have passed without a hitch, but 
for the bear, who would not come to rehearsals, and who, at 
the last moment, was inclined to be recalcitrant. But it being 
pointed out to him, that, though this was only his second 
appearance on the stage (he had been a servant in Villikins) 
yet the opportunities for distinguishing himself were so 
numerous and so easily available to a man of his talent and 
capabilities, that as an ambitious and rising young actor, 
he would grievously injure his own prospects, if he did not 
avail himself of the goods with which the Gods had provided 
him in such a brilliant opening. 

" But," he objected, "what can I do in a bear's skin ? " 

" Everything," was the impulsive answer. 

It was shown him how he could see — and breathe too ! — 
through a hole under the head, and how his master. Jack 
Kobinson, played by a capital actor, "Mr. S. Vane" (R. 
Salter), was most anxious that ho should share the honours of 
the evening with him ; and he was also earnestly assured that 

October Term, i8s5* 7Z 

whatever he, in the character of the bear, wo aid like to do, 
he would find himself ably seconded — it was put in this 
flattering way — by Mr. S. Yane as Jack Robinson. " G. 
Rece " consented, a trusty member of the Corps was told off 
to bring him to the " A. D. C." on the night of performance, 
and when he presented himself, still faintly remonstrating 
and wishing to cry off, if he could have done so with honour, 
even at the very last moment, we got him into his bear's skin 
and fastened him up so tightly, that he cei-tainly couldn't 
get out of it without assistance. 

He waited at the wing for Jack Robinson, who soon 
ajopeared dressed as a sailor. 

Now Mr. S. Vane was a conscientious actor, and, in thinking 
out the part of Jack Robinson, he had calculated thoroughly 
on the Dancing Bear. 

*' Of course," he had argued, "no sailor would go about 
with a bear, unless he had either a good stout stick or a whip 
to larrup him with." 

He considered the stick as most appropriate to a sailor 
ashore, and with this * hand-property ' he had taken good care 
to provide himself. But, alas, for the unhappy bear ! the 
stick was not a property sawdust-stuffed staff, such as is used 
on the stage by pantomimists, but it was a good, stout, sub- 
stantial, undeniable cudgel. It was realism with a ven- 

Mr. S. Yane before coming up to the University, had, like 
the celebrated T. P. Cooke, really been in the navy, at least, 
so it was said. He had a bluff, honest, hearty, rolling sort of 
way with him, and was a first-rate fellow on and off the stage 
— as even the unhappy G. Rece would have willingly owned, 
— up till this minute. 

The farce went on : so did the sailor, and with him the 
bear led by a chain. No chance of escape. At first the bear 
tried to be funny — and he was funny — he stood up and 
danced. Alas ! his fun was but short-lived, for at the first 
sign of any repetition of such a burst of humour, down came 

74 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

Jack Eobinson's thick cudgel on the bear's head and shoul- 
ders, who, thereupon, swore audibly. It was not a growl, it 
was an oath accompanied by a remonstrance which went 
entirely unheeded by the jolly tar, who, seeing the audience 
highly amused at his use of the stick, thought he couldn't 
give them, or the bear, too much of a good thing. He was 
right as to the audience, he was wrong as to the bear's view 
of the matter. 

**I quite forgot," said the representative of * Jack ashore,* 
earnestly explaining the matter, afterwards, to somebody, 
"I quite forgot it might hurt; and I really didn't think he 
could feel it through that bear-skin." 

In vain the bear attempted to ward off the blows with 
much the same action of the paws as the bear in the illus- 
trated fable-book attempts to get rid of the bees. He kept 
up the character as long as he could. He even pretended to 
have been taught some sort of dance by Jack Eobinson, which 
necessitated his putting up his fore-paws in order to guard 
his head, and taking advantage of the attitude, he was just 
about to whisper behind his hand a real * aside ' requesting 
Jack Eobinson to have a little more consideration for his 
feelings, when the sailor, being in the full swing of his part, 
and thinking that the bear was playing up to him in first-rate 
style, angrily exclaimed, "Ah! would you?" and down 
came a crack from the cudgel, and out came another and a 
louder oath from the bear. 

At last the bear could stand it no longer — he made a rush 
at his tormentor, and there was a man and bear fight for the 
space of about half a minute, during which the audience 
shouted and applauded vigorously. But the unfortunate bear 
was heavily handicapped in his dress, and without it he would 
not have been a match for his antagonist, who, entering into 
the spirit of the scene, pretended to defend his life from the 
bear's deadly attack, and inserting his hand in the bear's 
leather collar, half strangled poor ' G-. Rece,' while at the same 
time he caught him such cracks over the head, as but for the 


October Term, iS^S* 75 

padding, would most certainly have incapacitated the repre- 
sentative of the bear from ever appearing on any stage again 
— at least for a very long time. 

There was nothing for the unhappy bear but entire sub- 
mission; so, sinking down, he lay as if completely van- 
quished, panting on the ground, while S. Vane gave him one 
or two playful taps on the skull, just to finish with, then 
struck an attitude like a victorious lion tamer, and having dis- 
missed the bear with a parting kick, he resumed the business 
of the scene. There was immense applause. ' S. Vane ' bowed 
his acknowledgments, but the bear had availed himself of this 
respite to sneak quietly out by the door in the scene — and 
nothing could induce him to return. In fact, I think from 
that moment he retired from the Club and never paid any 
further subscription. His name does not occur again in the 
bills. He had had enough of it. His histrionic ambition had 
received a violent blow — several very violent blows — he had 
paid his halfpence, he had received all the kicks, and if he 
felt himself aggrieved, I must say I think he was more than 

Those who witnessed the scene, will never forget it, and 
many among the audience who afterwards became members, 
have since narrated the story to me from their point of view, 
and told me how admirably they thought the unhappy bear 
was acting his part ! 

We had a great many unrehearsed comic scenes in the 
olden time of the *' A. D. C," and this was one of them. 



After this performance, and before we separated for the 
Christmas vacation, we held a meeting on Dec. 12th, 1855, 
when we decided to 

** Furnish rooms and make them more comfortable.'* 

The estimate for this was £40. 

We were getting on. 

This expenditure was advocated by the cautious stage 
manager, T. K. Polwhele, and by our secretary, C. E. Donne. 

Then these two energetic gentlemen, rising to the occasion, 
and evidently exhilarated by their success, proposed '' llie 
alteration of the passage.^' 

The expense for this was to be d610, part of which was guar- 
anteed by Mr. Ekin our landlord. 

This also was carried unanimously. 

Somebody ' an Honourable Member ' whose name has not 
been handed down to posterity in our records, proposed that 
there should be 

*' No smoking in the dining room,'* 

Which was carried unanimously. 

But what was our dining room ? 

It was the auditorium, when, instead of benches, and a red- 
baize partition, and reserved seats, it was occupied by a couple 
of property tables, and some kitchen chairs. 

The "dinner" was an occasional "chop and potatoes," 

Lent Term, 1856. "JJ 

cooked over at the Hoop, and sent across the yard hy the 
Boots, for whose services and those of his wife — " Mrs. Boots " 
— as charwoman, we allowed so much a term. But even these 
property tables had only been introduced since the friendly 
Proctor's visit, and I am glad they were not there on that 

Then the two practical members abovementioned moved and 
seconded another resolution. 

1st. That Costume dresses he paid hy the Club. 

2ndly. That Farce dresses be provided and paid for by the 
actors themselves. 

8rdly. That half the exj^ense of female dresses should be 

borne by the Club. 
Carried unanimously. 

When we did " agree on the stage about anything, our 
unanimity was wonderful ! " 

Then the stage manager requested that ''he might have an 
assistant icho should take charcjc of the property department.'' 

Our " Property room " was a mere cupboard somewhere off 
the passage, and I think Mr. Ekin gave us an unused, loose 
box in the brewery stable. 

The stage manager's request was granted, and 

" Mr, Ermcin ivas elected Assistant Stage Manager.'* 

Then it was settled that "All complaints be made to the 
Secretary, and in his absence, to any member of the Com- 

The Committee were then re-elected. 

Mr. R. Kelly (Trinity Hall) . President. 

Mr. C. E. Donne (Trin.) . . Secretary and Treasurer. 

Mr. Burnand (Trin.) . . . Acting Manager. 

Mr. Polwhele (Jolm's) . . Stage Manager. 

Mr. Baillie (Trin.) . . . Prompter. 

Mr. Eniwin (Trin.) . . Assistant Stage Manager. 

jS Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.d' Cainb. 

At a subsequent private committee meeting (Dec. 17), Mr. 
Cator . . . was elected as Hon. Mem. 

At the general meeting on the 12th Dec, a bye-law was 
passed to this effect : 

" That the Committee he held at the Committee Members' 
rooms in rotation, beginning tvith the President, And 
that the Member in whose rooms the Meeting is held 
shall give a dinner to the Committee only.'' 

Up to this time the President, as I have already stated, 
always gave the dinners, and invited outsiders. This was 
found to be a check on business conversation and dinner dis- 
cussion, and also the frequent meetings made the charge a 
heavy one on the President. Hence the above rule. 

Minute at same meeting ; ^'Agreed with Mr, Ekin to pay 
i04O jper annum, with coals," This was our rent. As some 
one has remarked in our records, " what with coals, and 
other concessions we are EJdn'' out our existence." 

" The sanction of the Members was given to the Committee 
to incur a debt of £50 for furniture, and to alter the staircase 
and smoking room," 

The ' smoking room ' was the apartment with a skylight, 
which served us for our green room and dressing room. 

Our furniture, exclusive of * property ' chairs and tables, 
at present consisted of Mockers' round the room, used as 

The alterations proposed included a small lavatory. But 
in those days the luxury of modern lavatories was compara- 
tively unknown, and a basin under a tap, with a jack-towel on 
a roller behind a door, sufficed for our wants. 

Thus ended the second year of the " A. D. C.'s " exist- 

It had been successful beyond all anticipation ; it had tided 

Lent Term^ 1856, 79 

over a considerable pecuniary loss, and it had paid its way 

As far as the Dons knew anything about it, they were in- 
different, or favourably inclined towards it. 

We were on excellent terms with the Athen£eum Club, 
which always mustered strongly at our performances — several 
of its new members joining the " A. D. C." 


LENT TERM 1856. 

The next term, Lent, 1856, we commenced with a Com- 
mittee Meeting in my rooms. 

Conyngliam and myself were now located in Green Street, 
and very pleasant quarters they were. We were not parti- 
cular to a shade at midnight, if we only knew our guests 
were safe men. 

At this meeting I acted as secretary, in consequence of the 
resignation of C. E. Donne, who had already taken his 

About this time the Jones question arose again. He had 
painted well, but he had charged too much. Then it was 
asked why should we pay his travelling expenses as well as 
three guineas a-day for his work ? And why should any 
member have the highly-respected Jones's company forced 
upon him at his own lodgings ? 

It was clear that we were tired of Jones. We had heard 
all his stories of Mathews and Yestris, we had never come 
across anything he had ever done at a theatre — his name was 
unknown to us as an artist. "Who was Jones?" 

I had introduced him : I was answerable for him. I gave 
up Jones as a companion, but stuck by him as an 
artist. " Could any one, " I wanted to know," supply us with 

There had been offers. A wheezy little man in the town, 
a house decorator I think, of a theatrical turn, had proposed 
to paint anything, for a quarter of what poor Jones would 

Lent Term, 1856, 81 

have received. Of course if it did not turn out to be * any- 
thing we liked,' we should have to take it all the same. 

Our excellent stage manager split the difference. And an 
arrangement was come to with Jones which was to be taken 
as applying to this term only — (alas ! poor Jones ! it was the 
beginning of the end !) — to the effect that 

"7;i addition to his travelling exs he should receive tivo guds 
l^cr diem " — a drop of one guinea per day for Jones, and not 
to be made up in the time he took over it, we were too sharp 
for that — ^^And he was to dine ivith each of the Committee in 
rotation, and that he should lodge at 27, Green Street, at the 
rate of twelve shillings per 2veek" 

That settled Jones. 

He arrived and worked harder than ever : but a gloom had 
come over him. No one would listen to his stories. They 
watched him at work, took him to dinner, and saw him at 
lunch. But he was a broken man. Had poor Jones played 
his cards better, he might have taken up his abode at the 
University, and made a handsome income as a professor of 
drawing and painting ; there was no one there who knew more 
about it than he did, few so much. His mistake was that he 
Yv'ould patronise the sharp-sighted young men. Then, he 
never had any new stories, which was a fault, and he repeated 
the old ones, which vras a crime. 

To this day I am sorry for the worthy and estimable Jones. 
He did some excellent work for the " A. D. C," which has, 
by this time, been all painted out. 

lieu prisca fides ! We did, for one term at least, believe 

in Jones. 


About this date we began to be strict. Feb. 5, 1856, 

"2?. Kelly fined five shillings for being absent,^* 

He was occasionally very absent. I hope he paid the fines. 

82 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.Cy Camb. 

Then there was a general meeting on Feb. 7 at 6.30, which 
meant, for Trinity men at least, immediately after Chapel. 
We were very careful not to clash with collegiate regulations. 
There was plenty of room in the University for both Colleges 
and Clubs. The University Governing Body ' with power to add 
to its number ' ought to have constituted us into a Dramatic 
College. It is not too late now. Celibacy would have to be 
a qualification for the majority of Fellowships. The master 
could be a married man. Who should be the first to hold 
the important office ? Say Mr. Henry Neville. It would look 
well * in the bills,' Mr. H. Neville, Master of Koscius College, 
Cambridge ; Senior Dean, J. L. Toole. But this is only by 
the way. A nos moutons. 

Then, Feb. 7, we elected as honorary members — 

W. L. B. Cator . . Trin. Coll. (mentioned previously, 

and election confirmed). 
J. Wilkinson . . . St. Peter's. 
A. Thompson . (late of) Trin. Coll. 

Here for the first time, Mr. Alfred Thompson's name 
appeared on our minutes. 

As I have before said, some of us had often heard of him 
from C. E. Donne, his old friend, and there being a part in 
my new burlesque of St. George and the Dragon which we 
found it difficult to fill, it was suggested by Charles Donne 
that Mr. Alfred Thompson should be invited to join our 

This led to his being elected unanimously, and welcomed 
gladly as an honorary member. 

His reputation, which had grown since he had first been 
mentioned, began to frighten us all, and I was afraid lest I 
should find some one who knew more about my own burlesque 
than I did myself, and who would be for putting us all to rightsi 
However, he accepted our invitation, — writing to Donne from 
Canterbury, I think, where his depot was quartered — he was 
in a cavaby regiment — and consented to take the role of 

Lent Term, 18^6. ^:^ 

King Lollipop in my burlesque of St, George and the Dragon^ 
which, I confess, I thought a great condescension on his 

I anticipated his arrival with considerable anxiety. It was 
the first time a comparative stranger to all of us had played 
at the "A. D. C." 

I well remember our first meeting. 

It was at a dress rehearsal in the evening, a few days 
before the performance, a very few days — not more than two, 
I fancy. 

He was cast for a part in Sent to the Tower, which he was 
to play with Reginald Kelly. 

He soon showed us that he meant business, and that he 
had his own original ideas of the character of King Lollipop. 
It was a mad scene, and he came on imitating somebody as 
King Lear. It was not at all what I had intended, but the 
idea in execution was so much better, dramatically, than 
mine, that I watched it closely, adopted his suggestions, 
and only made one, which was that " the kneeling was in- 

" I'll do it as you wish, you know," he said, kindly, and I 
did not like to press the matter further. 

Our new honorary member attracted a good deal of atten- 
tion that evening, and we were looking forward to a first-rate 
performance, when suddenly a message arrived post haste, 
informing him that he must at once join his regiment, which 
was ordered off to the Crimea. 

He left us then and there, and I don't remember our meet- 
ing again until he had finally given up soldiering, and was on 
the high road to that position he now holds in the literary 
and artistic world. 

It is with great pleasure that I have to refer to Mr. Alfred 
Thompson — as an honorary member of the Cambridge " A. D. 
C," though his first and last appearance on our classic boards, 
was at the above-mentioned dress rehearsal of St, George 
and the Dragon, 

. G 2 

84 ^ Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D,Cy Camb, 

His departure, happening as it did on the very eve of our 
performance, left us in a difficulty. Alfred Thompson was to 
have played Perkyn Puddifoot in Maddison Morton's Sent to 
the Tower — we had all an intense reverence for the name of 
Maddison Morton, and also for that of the author, who, as 
the late Mr. Charles Mathews said in one of his after-dinner 
speeches, " cunningly contrived to have himself familiarly 
christened * Tom ' " — I mean Mr. Tom Taylor — hut this by the 
way — and the other parts, for which Mr. Alfred Thompson was 
cast, were, King Lollipop in my St. George and the Dragon, 
a burlesque, which I am sure was inspired by a picture in the 
Illustrated Neivs of Paul Bedford, of the Adelphi, in the 
dress of a dragon — and the part of Mr. Aubrey in the opening 
piece, a little drama in two acts, adapted, I believe, from 
some French piece by Charles Mathews, and called A Curious 

Three parts to be filled ! It must be owned that having a 
star, we had determined to take the shine out of him con- 
siderably. A star ! He was a meteor — brilliant, flashing, 
and away ! 

There was no time for further rehearsal, so at once 
assembling a council of war, we accepted Evelyn Ashley's 
offer of playing Mr. Aubrey, while I undertook to be perfect 
in Perkyn Puddifoot. Evidently we were both ' quick studios * 
in those days. 

How I got up my part, I remember perfectly — as though it 
were only yesterday. 

Eeginald Kelly was Launcelot Banks, and as the piece 
is a sort of Box and Cox, the entire business, except two 
or three scenes with the gaoler (played by Ernwin) was in 
our hands. I studied hard all the morning, and between 
three and four my confrere came to a light repast in my 
room — we dined early, professionally — when, instead of 
chattering over our meal our conversation was limited entirely 
to Morton's dialogue, and at night we played it without refer- 
ence to the prompter. 

Lent Term, 18^6, 85 

Years afterwards I had to play it on the new boards of 
the ''A. D. C," and trusted to my memory. Mr. Charles 
Hall — our second Charles — who, as the Prince of Wales's 
Attorney-General for the Duchy of Cornwall, wears a very 
different wig from the one he used as "Launcelot Banks" 
— played in it with me on this last occasion, when my 
trust in my memory was as vain as Macbeth's in the 
juggling spirits ; and if it be equally true, as on the first 
occasion, that w^e played it without reference to the prompter, 
it is only because, had ice stopped to listen to him, there 
w^ould have been a fearful hiatus between the speeches, as 
all we could do was to remember a few **cues" here and 
there, guiding ourselves to the conclusion by a general idea 
of the action of the piece, and entirely giving ourselves up to 
the inspiration of the moment. We were both of us in 
excellent spirits, and the audience did not detect the impo- 
sition. The prompter, after vainly endeavouring to find the 
place, closed his book in despair, regarding us vacantly 
as a couple of hopeless lunatics, and wondering, not how 
we should *go on,' but how on earth we should ever 
*get off.' We got right — somehow. Poor Maddison 
Morton ! had he been there ! I speak now as a dramatic 
author, with an intense horror of * gag ! ' But more 
of this anon — in its place. I record it here for future 

On Wednesday, February 21st, 1856, after all our trouble, 
we were *' all right at night," as the actors say, when they are 
all wrong in the morning. 

Evelyn Ashley played the part of Aubrey in A Curious 
Case ; Tom Thornhill the part of King Lollipop in the 
burlesque ; and for Perkyn Puddifoot, Alfred Thompson's 
other vacancy, I have already accounted. Here is the pro- 
gramme, which was an innovation, as to size and details, on 
what we had hitherto adopted. 

jcBlw JUf* x^M 

This EvENiNa will be Presented, the Comic Drama 



Mr. Aubrey 

Charles Stanton 



Mrs. Aubrey . .... 


Mr. Humphrey Duke. 
Mr. E. Courtney. 
Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Mr. R. Johnson. 
Mr. C. DiGBY. 

After which, 


Perkyn Puddifoot 
Launcelot Banks . 

Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Mr. II. Johnson. 
Mr. J. Farnham. 

Mr. Humphrey Duke, 

Mr. E. Courtney, 

Mr. R. Johnson. 
Mr. A. Herbert. 

Mr. C. DiGBY. 

To Conclude with an Entirely New Historical, Comical, but still 

slightly Mythical, Burlesque, in Three Acts, 

by TOM PIERCE, Esq., entitled 


King Lollipop {King of Sugar Candia, 
from wJiom are descended the JRoyal 
Line of Bonbons) .... 

St. George (no relation to George St. , 
Hanover Square —an undecided cha- 
racter, hy Historian) 

Toadee (a Courtier at the Court of 
Sugar Candia, liolding a fine old 
Government apjjointment) 

Tuftee {a ditto, ditto) . . . . 

Princess Zara {the Sugar Candian read- 
ing of the English Sarah, sole re- 
maining child of King Lollipop— a 
Damsel Coy) .... 

The Dragon {who is the Lion of the 
place 0/ whom Ben Shakespeare 
has written the onemorable descrip- 
tion, "Monstrum informe ingens 
cui, regular rum 'un to look at ;" 
with whom the heir of the p)lo,ce 
seems to^ agree — sime he has swal- 
lowed him at the opening of the piece 
— or, rather, at the opening of the 
mouth-piece — and who has capti- 
vated the Princess hy his charms) 

Coiu-tiers and Attendants (who will, and indeed must, be seen 
to be appreciated,) by Messrs. H. Walker, Gammon, E. 
Hook, and Sell. 

For Description of Scenery, Hefcrcnces, d:c.,see Books of Burlesque, 
which can be had in the lioom, price One Sh'illing. 

Stage Manager— Mr. N. YATES, Acting Manager— Mr. TOM PIERCE. 

Prompter— Mr. G. LINDSAY. Scenery by Mr. S. J. E. JONES. 

Dresses and Appointments by Messrs. NATHAN and G. W. CLAEKSON 

ofDrury Lane. 

Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Lent Ter7ny 18^6, 87 

The names wlien translated are as follows : — 

Mr. Hiimplirey Duke * . . Mr. Tom Tliomliill. 

Mr. Humphrey Duke*) Hon. Evelyn Ashley. 
Mr. A. Herbert . ) 

Mr. E. Courtney .... Mr. Gerald Fitzgerald. 

Mr. Tom Pierce . ... Mr. F. C. Bm-nand. 

Mr. R. Johnson .... Mr. Reginald Kelly. 

Mr. C. Digby Mr. F. C. Wilson. 

Mr. J. Fambam .... Mr. J. Emwin. 

Mr. N. Yates Mr. T. R. Polwhele. 

Mr. G. Lindsay .... Mr. W. H. Baillie. 

There is no record as to Messrs. H. Walker, Gammon, E. 
Hook, and Sell, but there is a note to the effect that Mr. J. 
Emwin *' made his first appearance on this occasion and was 
very successful." 

St, George " went very well. Three songs, consecutively 
encored. The performance lasted three nights and the pro- 
ceeds were ^49 15s.," which at all events, after deducting 
expenses, would have paid half our yearly rent. 

In the cast of St, George appears the name of Mr. K. 
Johnson, i.e., Mr. Reginald Kelly. It was his second and last 
appearance in burlesque, a class of entertainment against 
which he had all along decidedly set his face. As I have 
before remarked, Reginald Kelly was one of our best and 
most original actors, but he had generally excused himself 
from playing in burlesque on the ground of his not having 
* a singing face,' of his not appreciating puns and doggerel, 
and finally of his not being a dancer. 

In vain it had been pointed out to him that " Clarke of the 
Haymarket " had played in extravaganzas, that Harley, 
Compton and Keeley had all appeared in burlesque and 
extravaganza, but he still maintained that in doing so they 

* The name assumed by lilr. Alfred Tborjpsou, whose parts these two 
gentlemen took. 

88 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.C,'^ Camb. 

Lad gone out of their legitimate line. Kelly, could he have 
had his own way, would have exercised us in standard 
comedies, and a few modern (now old-fashioned) farces. But, 
thank goodness ! for the future of the " A. D. C," we, its 
originators, as a body, had no such daring ambition. Had we 
attempted The Rivals, or The School for Scandal, or Every 
Man in his Humour, or The Heir-at-Law — and Kelly would 
have been an admirable Dr. Pangloss — I doubt whether the 
Club would have lasted a term. Such things were too high 
for us, a very great deal too high — and in fact, fortunately out 
of our reach and out of our sight. 

But in St. George I had modelled two characters on Noodle 
and Doodle in Fielding's Tom Thumb — their names Tuftee 
and Toadee — they were two courtiers — being evidently adapta- 
tions from Thackeray's creations. 

Toadee is described in the bill as " A courtier at the 
Court of Sugar Candia, holding a fine old- government ap- 
pointment," and my beau-ideal of the character would 
have been Compton, and failing him, * our Mr. Kelly,' 
who, at my earnest solicitation, kindly undertook the part, 
on condition of dancing and singing not being expected of 

The doggerel lines he had to speak were full of wretched 
puns, and Kelly gave them out at rehearsal, stolidly, in his 
Comptonian style, without a smile. I was in raptures. He 
would play it splendidly. As the rehearsals proceeded it 
was noticed that the more familiar Toadee became with his 
part, the less glibly he delivered it. He seemed to be 
lost in meditation before each line, which he would then 
repeat deliberately, with a puzzled expression of countenance, 
and a side inquiring glance at me, as much as to say, 
" Look here, you're the author, what do you mean by this ? " 
but he never stopped to make any observation, until, at the 
fourth rehearsal, when he was slowly going over his first 
long speech — a miserable set of lines at the best, though 
I say it who shouldji't — now — though then I thought 

Lent Term, 1856, 89 

them uncommonly fine, and in answer to Tuftee was 

" The son and heir of our great king, he went 
To take the siin and air " 

When he suddenly broke off, gave a short but emphatic 
*'ha ! ha ! " repeated the ** ha ! ha ! " and seemed so utterly 
unable to proceed with the rehearsal, that I asked anxiously 
if anything was the matter with him ? 

*'No," he replied, still laughing jerkily. '' Only I didn't 
see it before." 

''What?" I asked. 

"What?" he returned, staring at me. "Why, sun and 
air — son and heir. You mean it for a pun — don't you? 
Ha ! ha ! " 

I admitted that my intention had certainly been to perpe- 
trate ^JGii de mots, which I owned did not seem to me abso- 
lutely novel. 

" Well," he replied, " it mayn't be here— ha ! ha !— but / 
never saw it before. Ha ! ha ! Son and heir — ha ! ha ! — very 
good. Why, I've said it over a hundred times without seeing 
it. But," he finished, by way of consoling me, *^I see it now 
— and I shan't laugh at it again,'' 

Gradually, by fits and starts, all the puns in his own part 
broke on him. And each time he exploded in short laughs, 
like a cracker. When they came very close together — when, 
as modern critics on burlesque say, "the lines bristled with 
puns " — then he stopped short, repeated the lines slowly, 
examined them carefully, as though he were a schoolboy pick- 
ing plums out of a cake, and not until he was quite certain of 
having mastered them all, did he proceed with his speech. 

" His heart within liis breast, 
Began to quaver while he took his rest." 

Here he paused, looked dubiously at me, then exclaimed — 
"Oh, I see it — 'quaver' — 'rest' — terms in music — ha! 

90 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.C!' Carnb. 

ha!" — explaining the joke, as though he were a punster's 
dictionary. Then he went on — 


Twas but an idle crotchet of the brain." 

(To himself) " Crotchet— ha ! ha ! — there's another" (to me) 
" I see it— 

" So trebled his pace to find his liome again." 

(To himself) " ' Trebled'— yes— that's another— ha ! ha !— " 
And at last, when he reached the description of the Prince's 
meeting with the Dragon, who — 

" Looked at his scales, and thought 'twas affaire finny" 

he paused— thought it out, slapped his leg, and came out 
with a tremendous guffaw. 

" I knew that was a pun," he cried, triumphantly. " I 
told What's-his-name so, when he heard me my part this 
morning. I told him you meant it for a pun — but he didn't 
see it." 

Not until the night of performance did the full light of 
the puns in the other parts break on him, and, whether he 
were on the stage, or listening at the wing, the most appre- 
ciative audience for every point in the piece was Eeginald 
Kelly, who, whenever any of the other characters came out 
with a punning line, gave his very audible laugh *' Ha ! ha ! " 
adding, sotto voce, ** Hang it! there's another!" — and at the 
first representation he undoubtedly led the laugh, for the 
undergraduate audience, quick to catch at such a peculiarity, 
took this as an original point in his part, and whenever he 
unconsciously directed their attention to a pun, which he had 
only just that minute discovered, and which had surprised 
him out of his ejaculation of " Oh, hang it ! there's another !" 
they shouted and roared again, and applauded vociferously. 

Certainly the success of St. George and the Dragon was 
largely due, on the first night, to Mr. Eeginald Kelly as 
Toadee, and on the other niirhts to Messrs. F. C. Wilson and 

Lent Term, 18^6, 91 

Gerald Fitzgerald, as the unhappy princess Zara and her 
lover St. George. For myself, I know that while my dress 
for the Dragon was founded, as I have said, on a picture of 
Mr. Paul Bedford in a similar character, my embodiment of 
the part was a copy of Keeley as the Djin in the Enchanted 
Horse, an extravaganza in two acts, at, I think, the Hay- 
market, when Miss P. Horton played a Prince, and Mrs. 
Keeley a Peri, and I fancy that Alfred Wigan was also in the 
piece, but if not in that, ho was in another — Aladdin — at the 
same house, when Mrs. Keeley played Aladdin, and her hus- 
band Ahanazar the magician. How funny it was ! ! 



The performances in the Lent Term, 1856, had brought us 
to the end of the first year of the "A. D. C.'s" existence, 
and at the close of the May term — the first season of 
our A. D. C. year — we were aware of having some really 
serious changes. 

Mr. Polwhele having taken his degree at the beginning of 
the year, had only been stopping up out of real liking for the 
"A. D. C." work, and in order to hand it over in the best 
possible state to his successor, whoever he might be. 

Without Mr. Polwhele' s careful management, the Club 
could never have made such progress as it did in its one year 
of life. He was an ingenious cai-penter, and was never so 
happy as when looking after the mechanical appliances of the 
"A. D. C." and making the best of them, such as they were. 
F. C. Wilson was reading, so also was Reginald Kelly. Wo 
might perhaps get their services once in the course of the 
forthcoming year, but we knew it would not be fair to press 

Charles E. Donne and Gerald Fitzgerald were away. 
The past degree time, i. e,, January, 1856, had taken 
away several of our *' first members," active and inactive; 
the future degree time of 1857 was keeping others well 
occupied, and I was beginning to feel University age 
creeping upon me as a second-year man who had braved the 

As for our financial position, we paid our way and our rent. 

Passing Notes and Summary. 93 

We were still in debt to our carpenter for his work in 1855, 
and had only paid him from time to time on account, while, I 
imagine, he was being called in to do all sorts of odd jobs 
about the place. 

The subscriptions came in regularly, and our number was 
always up to the limit, with the names of candidates on the 
election board every term. 

No club, with such expenses, could have done better ; and 
there was an esprit de corps which united in a common cause, 
as it were, a number of young men of very different tastes, 
and in very different sets. 

Our performances were invariably the occasion of the most 
jovial supper parties — not the least among the inducements to 
become an " acting member " — held at each other's rooms, 
when conscientious landlords and landladies, who had to make 
*' the returns" of the hours kept by their lodgers, would allow 
their clocks and watches to get very much behind the time, 
when college porters would be less exact in noting down the 
precise moment of the undergraduates' rentree, and when less 
scrupulous landlords took no notice whatever of the hours, 
except to ask their lodgers where they had been, who had seen 
them, and to trust to their honour for the truth. 

A lodging-house keeper making a false return, or omitting 
his return, would be "discommoned" by the University, 
after, or without a warning ; and of course, as the lodging- 
house keeper was also a tradesman, this meant the loss of 
University custom, and something uncommonly near ruin — 
at all events a great loss for a time. 

But the "A. D. C." performances came to be gradually 
accepted as a valid excuse for late hours — just once and away, 
— that is during our three days' entertainment. Was it 
not evident that actors required refreshment after a per- 
formance lasting from eight till past eleven ? Was it not 
equally clear that the audience also stood in need of some 
refreshment ? Naturally. This was no " drinking for drink- 
ing" but "drinking for dry;" and after all, none of our 

94 Personal Remimscences of the ^'A,D.C" Camb, 

'* A. D. C." men had ever come across the police after mid- 
night, nor had hroken off hell-handles, and made night 
hideous with their shrieks, as was the custom of the mem- 
bers of certain old-established, hard-drinking, port-wine Uni- 
versity societies. 

No ; as a club, we were a quiet, orderly set — I mean we 
must have had that reputation to have gradually won the 
hearts of the Dons, who, after a while, granted leave and 
license to acting members of the ** A. D. C." to stay out till 
one a.m. on the performance nights. 

I say " after a while " — as I don't think it was a rule in my 
time. Not that it mattered to me personally. I bore a 
charmed life, as did the other men (only two) who *' kept " in 
my house. 

I have said that " as a cliih " we were quiet and orderly ; 
but sectionally, so to put it, we were occasionally a trifle 

But of all the pleasant cheery evenings I ever remember to 
have spent — noisy, I admit — sustained chiefly by the animal 
spirits of youth, I allow — commend me to some of those 
after-performance " A. D. C." suppers we used to have down 
in Malcolm Street, especially when there was a goodly 
number of our members congregated together, and when, at 
a particular house, the fun was invariably at its fastest, at 
its most furious, and at its latest. One of our Irish members 
was famed for his hospitality, and the flowing bowl — was it a 
bowl of bishop ? — never stood still in his room — not even 
when it was empty — for then it was moved to be refilled. 

Pleasant convivial evenings they were, when all the mis- 
takes of the performance were good-humouredly reviewed, and 
amusingly recounted; when " chaff" flew about, and rough- 
and-ready repartee, more forcible than brilliant, knock-down 
blows from a cudgel, rather than sharp, pointed thrusts from 
flashing rapiers, were exchanged amid shouts of uproarious 

I recollect nothing like those supper-parties, except the late 

Passing Notes and Summary, 95 

Charles Lever s descriptions of similar festivities in the old 
days of Charles O'Malley at Trinity College, Dublin. 

One of the strongest bonds of union among Freemasons is 
the banquet, when the brethren " proceed from labour to re- 
freshment " ; and though of less importance among the mem- 
bers of the " A. D. C." than among the " Sons of the Widow," 
yet our performances would have lost much of their zest, if, 
after strutting our brief hour on the stage, we had then been 
heard no more, and had sneaked off supperless to bed. 

Old I^University men were our guests on these occasions, 
and were welcome to any ** A. D. C." member's rooms where 
there happened to be an " After the Opera was over " supper. 
Every old member of the Club — and our Retired List had 
already commenced in 1856 — was free of the Club, and a 
guest at any of the feasts without. invitation, though, as a 
matter of courtesy, the invitation was usually given. The 
" Entertainers," however, generally accompanied their written 
or verbal invitations with the expressed wish that you would 
" bring anyone you like " — which of course was only applicable 
to non-resident members of the University, or " strangers " 
on a visit. 

Never were members of one society more thoroughly in 
earnest than were the first members of the " A. D. C." So 
entirely penetrated with the esi^rxt de corps were we, that we 
were willing to take any parts for which we might happen to 
be cast ; while as for our beardless youths who played the 
women, so heartily did they " enter into the skin " — as the 
French say — of the feminine character, that I remember, 
on one occasion, when we played Still Waters run Deep, the 
representative of Mrs. Mildmay, thinking his *' get up" insuffi- 
cient, secreted the diamonds that Mrs. Sternhold ought to 
have worn. The latter was in the greatest distress. The 
costumier couldn't malre out where they had been mislaid. 
Of course Mrs. Mildmay knew nothing about them, or, at 
least, baffled enquiry by returning, not the jewels, but the 
reply, *'What should I know about Mrs. Sternhold's dia- 

g6 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A,D.Cy Camb, 

monds ? " And imagine the latter's feelings when the first 
thing that caught her eye in John Mildmay's drawing-room, 
scene last, act 3rd, on the occasion of the dinner-party, was 
her lost par lire round meek Mrs. Mildmay's neck ! 

The piece was, however, just drawing to a close, and the 
business of the scene did not permit of any irrelevant 

Before the tag, indeed, all was forgotten and forgiven, and 
the amiable young Collegians, who played the two parts of 
Mrs. Sternhold and Mrs. Mildmay, sunk their jealousies for 
the public good, contributed largely to the success of the 
drama, " forgave " each other, — but never " forgot," — for the 
incident was too absurd, and is well worth recording. 

In the early days of the "A. D. C." one of the patrons 
among the Dons was the Rev. Dr. Donaldson, who was just 
then very popular among undergraduates, on account of his 
decidedly anti- donnish and liberal views. He highly approved 
of the "A. D. C," and asked me to show him over the 
rooms. He stood on our little stage and gave us (Charles 
E. Donne and myself) some account of his theatrical re- 

Apropos of Dr. Donaldson, and not at all of the *' A. D. C." 
— except that some members, who shall be nameless, as I am 
not yet at liberty to divulge the secret, were mixed up in the 
hoax — I remember how, one Sunday morning, the walls in 
and about the University were placarded to the effect that 
*' the Rev, Mr. Clayton " — a well-known clergyman in the 
town, — *' would hum Dr. Donaldson's heretical Book of 

Jasher in front of Trinity College at " then the hour in 

the evening was specified. The bills were headed — 

" Heresy ! Heresy ! ! Heresy ! ! ! " 

which looked uncommonly attractive — especially on Sunday 
morning, when there was nothing doing except church. 
During the day, in spite of the police having torn down 

Passing Notes and Summary, 97 

most of the posters, the news spread far and wide, and by the 
time for evening chapel at Trinity, the whole of Trinity 
Street was in an uproar. 

Mr. Clayton, coming out of Caius to go to his church, was 
followed by a mob of roughs and undergraduates — they were 
very much mixed on such occasions, until a strong line of 
demarcation was drawTi by a positive Town and Gown row — 
hooting, shouting, and calling upon him to burn the heretical 

The air resounded with cries of "Jasher! Jasher ! Clay- 
ton ! Heresy ! " raised, of course, by those who knew very 
little of either Dr. Donaldson or Mr. Clayton, and nothing at 
all of the Book of Jasher. 

The police were called out in full force ; Sergeant Robinson 
— " Bill Robinson " — being at their head, who, if any muni- 
cipal official could have quelled the riot, would have been the 
man to do it, as he was immensely popular among under- 

The gates of Trinity College were closed against all comers, 
and the porters were resolved to do, or die, in defending their 
post, should the fortress be besieged. 

But a new difficulty arose from the men within, who, 
coming from chapel, wished to get out. Egress and ingress 
were alike forbidden. 

" Force the gates ! " was the cry from within and without, 
and the emeute would have assumed a most serious aspect, 
had not some quick-witted junior Don been inspired to sacri- 
fice an old Euclid — supposed to represent the Book of Jasher 
— to the fury of the mob, which was about as orthodox as that 
in the Gordon riots, which shouted "No Property," as 
synonymous with *' No Popery ! " 

In answer to the vociferous cries of " Bum the Book ! '* 
the junior Don above-mentioned issued forth from the por- 
ter's lodge gate at the side, with the flaming Euclid in his 

In a few moments the book was reduced to ashes, the crowd 

98 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camh, 

cheered and broke up, the gates were opened, Bill Robinson 
went about cheerily assuring everybody that there was nothing 
more to be done or seen, and in another half-hour Town and 
Gown were quiet. 

*' Dr. Jasher," as we used to call him, was always a very 
good friend to us of the "A. D. C," and besides attending 
several performances, used invariably to plead our cause, when- 
ever the necessity arose, in those University Common Rooms 
from which his authorship of Jasher had not banished 

To resume. 

Since the commencement of the Club in the May Term, 
1855, we had had about, as far as I can make out, four per- 
formances ; and as our University year consisted of only three 
terms, we must count these as representing the first year of 
the "A. D. C.'s" existence as a Club. 


May Term, 1855 
October Term, 1855 
Lent Term, 1856 . 

A. D. C 

One performance. 
Two i^erformanees. 
One performance. 

Pieces Played. 
A Fast Train ! High Pressure ! ! Express 1 1 
Did you ever send your Wife to Camberwell ? 
Bomhdstes Furioso .... 

Romance under Difficulties 
Number One Round the Corner 

Delicate Ground 

Two in the Morning 

Villikins and his Dinah 

A Farce in Reality 

Binhs the Bagman .... 
Box and Cox 



A Curious Case ..... 

Sent to the Tower J. Lent Term. 

St. George and the Dragon 

This represents the first year of the "A. D. C.'s " existence. 

]\Iay Term. 

1st performance, 
October Term. 

2nd performance, 
October Term. 

Passing Notes and Summary. 99 

Of these fourteen pieces, three — one farce and two bur- 
lesques — were original works, of which two are still played in 
•the provinces and by amateurs. 

Oar new members elected previous to the Lent Term per- 
formance were — 

February 18, 1856— 

Mr. Arbouiu Trinity. 

G. Feiklen do. 

E. Ashley do. 


February 20, 1856 — 

Mr. Cresswell St. John*s. 

Mr. Foster Christ's. 

Mr, Graham do. 

But this second entry has been partially erased in the book, 
5xnd their election is not confirmed until Feb. 28th, after the 

On the 10th March the following members were elected: — 


Oliphaiit . 
A. C. Lee . 
W. P. Lysaght . 
Robert O'Hara 
C. R. Lutwidge . 
R. Wharton . 
Simpson . 

Trinity Hall. 


St. John's. 

This batch proves the cosmopolitan character and the ex- 
tended popularity of the Club. We had by this time 
representatives from Trinity, John's, Christ's, Caius, Trinity 
Hall, lung's, and Magdalene — sporting men, serious men — 
not too serious, but with ecclesiastical tastes — reading men, 
lounging men, political debaters at the Union, as were 
Messrs. O'Hara and Ashley — both of whom, 1 daresay, have 
found that their public appearance on the boards of the 
"A. D. C." was not the least part of the advantages of their 
University experience, for both were excellent actors, and as 
an exponent of one type of Irish charactei', llobert O'Hara 

H 2 

lOO Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.CT Camb, 

(now a distinguished counsel in the Committee Kooms at 
"Westminster) had only one rival among us, viz., Mr. Rowley 
Hill, the present Bishop of Sodor and Man, whose name 
appears as a candidate on the "A. D. C." list, the 16th 
April, 1856. 

The list of members for our first year, 1855-56, included — ► 

T. K. Polwhele 

G. Sheppard Harvey 

G. Lenox Conyngliam 

G. H. Evans 

G. Fitzgerald 

W. K. Snow 

G. E. Hassall 

G. C. Lampson 

H. Lampson 

J. C. Wood 

F. C. Wilson 

W. H. Baillie 

J. Watt Gibson 

H. J. Whitley 

K. Kelly 

W. E. Smith 

P. W. Freeman 

C. Grant 

Arthur C. Cumberlege 

M. N. K. Fitzgerald 

J. F. M. Wilson 

C. E. Donne 

G. Tyrrell 

T. Utton 

W. Lysagbt 

Hon. A. E. M. Ashley 

W. H. Evans 

Alfred Thompson (honorary) 

A. C. Lee 

G. Feilden 

J. Graham 

E. Cresswell 

J. H. Simpson 

K. Wharton 

C. E. F. Lntwitlge 

E. O'Hara 

Eowley Hill 

Thos. Thornhill 

E. Tennent. 

There was always a difficulty about our secretary. That 
office involved a large amount of trouble without any ade- 
quate recompense. A member in his ignorance generally 
accepted the post with avidity, eager to show how he could 
set everything straight, and what an example lie would give 
to his predecessors of what their stewardship oiicjlit to have 

But alas ! he invariably found that on his devoted head 
fell all the blame. He had all the writing to do, all the accounts 
to audit — for the office of treasurer was combined with that 
of secretary— he was fined, in earnest, if he failed to 
attend a meeting— he had to yield an account of tickets sold, 
of bills printed, &c., &c., and, finally, as an unpaid and over- 

Passing Notes and Summary, loi 

worked official, he generally seized the first opportunity of 
resigning the situation. 

But in doing this he was very careful to conceal the real 
nature of his grievance. He would generally plead " reading'* 
as a valid excuse, and he would add that nothing hut this 
would have induced him to resign, so delightful was the work, 
so congenial and so pleasant. 

Had he not said this, we should have experienced some 
difficulty in finding a successor. It was like the simple 
countryman who having been inveigled into a show by tht 
glowing description of what is to be seen within, is passed 
out by a side door, after seeing positively nothing, and im- 
plored not to say a word to the public without, but let 
them all be taken in as he had been. The victim at once 
becomes a party to the hoax, chuckling over the sell, which 
has already cost him sixpence. 

We had had up to this time several secretaries, and the 
record shows how they had incurred fines of five shillings for 
absence, and had then so to speak, * chucked it up.' 

The fate of Mr. W. H. Baillie was as that of the others 
before him in this chair. He was fined on the 7th February, 
1856, and resigned on the 28th of the same month. 

This might be the epitaph on all our secretaries in the 
early days of the "A. D. C." — 

Being fined, 
He resigned ! 

And then they sat at the board and took their turn at 
worrying * the new man.' 

But, strange to say, so much was this official post sought 
after, that on this occasion there were two candidates — 

G, M. Wilson (of Caius), proposed by F, C. Burnand, 
seconded by Mr, W. Arbouin, 

Honble, E, Ashley (Trin.), proposed by T, R, Polwhele, 
seconded by G, S, Feilden. 

I02 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

The latter was elected by a majority of eight to two, where- 
upon the resigned secretary, Mr. W. H. Baillie, was unaui- 
mously elected prompter — and I am not certain whether he 
was much the better for the change. 

However, he was the right man in the right place — when 
he was in the right place — and when he did prompt, it is a 
tradition among the "A. D. C." men, that he was /<xciZe 
princejys, and without a rival in this difficult department of 
dramatic art. 

If anyone thinks I am wrong in classing it under the head of 
" Art " — let him try it himself. The prompter, like the stage 
manager, should be able to enter into the spirit of every 
individual part ; should acquire a consummate knowledge of 
all the words and all the business of the play ; should possess, 
sufficient imitative power to enable him to pitch the word he 
has to give in the same key as the actor, to whom he has; 
to give it, is speaking in ; and, on occasion, to assume any 
character in the piece. 

On the professional stage one frequently meets with these- 
qualities combined, and such a one must have been a perfect 
Godsend at the Vaudeville during the run of Our Boys, when 
the prompter played Mr. David James's part whenever thi& 
gentleman was indisposed, or while he was " on the con- 
tinong," touring with his partner, Mr. Thomas Thorne. The 
prompter could only of course have taken one part at a time,. 
so I suppose that, at this theatre, there was somebody who- 
formerly was an institution at Covent Garden and Drury 
Lane, "viz., the "under-prompter," who possessed talents 
of the same order. 

At the " A. D. C." the prompter was seldom called upon 
to appear in public, but we required him to be with us for 
every rehearsal, when W. H. Baillie used to appear 
booted and spurred, with a whip in one hand, and a ' Lacy's- 
edition ' in the other, requesting us to * get on,' as he wanted 
to *get off,' and 'get on' too — his horse being at the 

Passing Notes and Sitm7nary. 103 

Our prompter was immensely popular, and no one more 
thoroughly enjoyed the " A. D. C." work than he did. His 
election as prompter is facetiously entered thus — 

*^ Baillie the Great, as prompter, proposed by F, C. Bur* 
nand, seconded hy W, H, Evans, and unanimously 

Then our careful stage manager, Polwhele, moved — 

** That memhers should buy their own performance books:* 

We arrived at this through the negligence of our memhers, 
who were perpetually losing their playbooks, with which they 
had been supplied at the Club's expense, and then pleading 
their loss as an excuse for their imperfection. 

The next resolution to be adopted as a bye law was also 
carried nem. con., i.e. — 

** That no dogs be admitted;'' proposed by T. K. Polwhele, 
seconded by R. Kelly. 

The proposer and seconder were the two most cautious 
and careful men in the Club ; and it must be remembered 
that in December, 1855, the Club had authorised the com- 
mittee to spend fifty pounds in furniture, alteration, and 

The Club was not going to the dogs, nor were the dogs 
allowed to come to the Club. 

Against this resolution, and in a hand I think I recognise 
as that of the newly-elected secretary's, is appended the 
remark in brackets, " Sad dogs /" 

Finally it was now decided that the Club should be limited 
to forty members. 

This was '^Proposed by W, H. Baillie (Magnus), and 
seconded by T. R. Polwhele (sub-member), carried by a 
majority of Hi:' 

104 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

Why " sub-member " was added I don't know, except as 
antithetically to " Magnus." 

From this bill Mr. C. E. Donne, who had just taken his 
degree, disappeared; but he was coming up again. "He 
would return, we knew him well." 

Eeading-men, who were acting members, never found that 

he performances at the "A. D. C." interfered with their 

studies : on the contrary, while they dropped all other amuse- 

jnents, all parties and convivialities, the rehearsals and the 

performances came as a refreshing recreation. 

The best evidence on such a point would come from Mr. 
E. Gorst, and Mr. Grove, who were active members of the 
"A. D. C." while reading hard, and their interest in the Club 
did not prevent them from coming out, the one as Senior 
Wrangler, or at all events high up among the Wranglers, and 
the other a first Classic. 

Some of our acting members, however, within two terms 
of their dreaded degree examination, retired into their cells 
not to emerge again until they could write B.A. after their 
names. To this circumstance it was owing that we were 
once more deprived of the services of F. C. Wilson, on 
whose representation of female characters so much had 
hitherto depended, and who now felt himself compelled se 
reciiler pour mieux sauter, and to put himself in training 
for the grand coup which was to come off at the commence- 
ment of 1857. 


MAY TERM, 1856. — SECOND YEAR OF "A. D. C." 

We were emerging from the catacombs. "We were no 
longer a secret society. We were not officially recognised, 
only tolerated. Our accommodation being limited, we had no 
difficulty in disposing of tickets. Dons—junior Dons of course 
— visited us and reported favourably in Common Rooms. 

AVhether the excellent Master of Caius, after relinquishing 
his Vice-Chancellorship, ever thought any more about us, I do 
not know. I think not — or he would have inquired after 
*' Box and Cox Fellows of Trinity," and have asked us to get 
up some light trifle by ^schylus or Sophocles for his own 
personal delectation. 

It would have been an attractive bill. 

ANTIGONE, in the original Greek, for one night only ! 
By special desire. Under the immediate patronage of The 
Tice-Chancellor and The Heads of the Colleges ! ! 

To conclude with the laughable after-piece, Bof Kal Kof, 
adapted from the classic work by T. Mabha-ov Moprov, 

4t * * * Mfr 

About this time the financial accounts were not, I fancy, 
very clearly kept. We were in debt for one lump sum, but 
as to current expenses, we paid as we went, and we went 
very w^ell. 

In our records there is no very clear statement as to how 
the " A. D. C," sharing the fate of clubs, nations, states. 

io6 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CJ' Canib, 

and individuals, got into debt, but there is very precise in- 
formation as to how we got out of it. 

Such bills as I have as yet been able to discover, simply 
relate to the performances, and not to their cost. 

Internal evidence shows we were becoming more carefuL 
The scenery was still by Old Jones, '' his last appearance." 
The costumes were still by Messrs. Nathan of Castle Street,. 
Leicester Square, and our perruquier was now Mr. Clarkson 
of Drury Lane, vice AVilson of the Strand. 

Our next meeting was on April 8, 1856, when Mr. Pol- 
whele's motion that '* the present system of issuing tickets 
be improved, and that all members receive forms, certifying 
that Mr. So-and-so is a member of the University, which they 
shall give to any gentleman, who may then obtain tickets at 
the * A. D. C rooms on application, or presentation," was 
carried by a majority of twelve. 

Its a funnily-worded resolution, but on that day some one 
with rather a cramped hand directing a steel pen was at work 
with the minutes, and the next entry is — 

" Projposed by Pohvhele " — he was always proposing some- 
thing — ^'that a voluntary subscription'' — there was no- 
seconder to this — " be set on foot for a neiv proscenium." 

" (Rejected by an enlightened and excited audience by a 
viajority of two),'' 

"We wanted a new proscenium badly. It was only a can- 
vassed frame, over which was pasted some very ordinary cheap 
room-papering. However, the members thought it 'good 
enough ' for them. 

Then the brave but partially unsuccessful Polwhele made 
another proposition for " a voluntary subscription " — he was 
as fond of voluntaries as an organist, — '* to provide a mirror 
to be placed over the mantel-piece in smoking room " — and 
this was carried by a majority of ten. 

Then it was arranged that, henceforth, the stage manager 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year. loy 

should be also treasurer, wLicli was carried by a majority of 
eight, evidently a tribute to tlie care, caution, and energy in 
all matters affecting the " A. D. C." displayed by T. R. Pol- 
whele, who was now thoroughly in his element. 

At a Committee Meeting held after the General Meeting, 
Mr. R. Preston, of Trinity, was elected, and on April 16th 
were elected — 

L. T. Baines Trin. Coll. 

E. 0. Lamb Trin. Hall. 

EowleyHill Trin. Coll. 

On the 17th April, 1856, our performance consisted of the- 
following bill, for two nights only. 

A. ». C. 

This Evening v:iU he pirscntcd a new Farce, 

hi, TOM PIERCE, Esq. 

{author of '* Romance under Difficulties," ^^Villikins,'* 

"St. Geonfc," d-c), entitled 



Augustus Stanhope, Es*!- 

. Mr. B. Norton. 

Hon. Tom Lester .... 

. Mr. J. Seymour. 

Benjamin Twozzle .... 

. Mr. R. 0. Balslfa-. 

Miss Twozzle 

. Mr. C. Dighy. 

This was our lever du rideau, and it was simply put in to 
eke out our bill. 

It might have been described as "Apiece of impertinence " 
— as no such piece existed, either in MS. or in print, and 
was invented entirely on the spur of the moment by the 

Of course we had arranged a scheme, a sort of charpente 
as it were, but each one was left to fill up the sketch of char- 
acter with his own business and dialogue. 

As part of the "regular sell " we had included in the cast 
the name of " Mr. C. Digby," (i,e, F. C. Wilson) who, owing 

io8 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

to academical engagements elsewhere, was unable to appear 
this term, much to our loss, as the record will show. 

The account of A Begular Sell in our minutes is as 
follows : — 

" A piece not ivritten hut gagged throughout by O'Hara 
and Burnand on the stage, and Lee and Arhouin in the 

The two latter had to hiss and make themselves objection- 
able, and then to be called on to the stage in order to show 
what they could do themselves. This, of course, was 
founded on The Manager in Distress, and is the same as the 
business of My Wife's Bonnet, Le Chateau de ma Femme, 
and many other pieces where the actors mix with the 

Unfortunately for Messrs. Lee and Arbouin, they made 
themselves so energetically obnoxious, that the audience 
began to cry " Order, order," and hush them down. 

It had been arranged that I should ask the dissentients 
" if they could provide a better entertainment than we were 
giving," that to this they should reply " yes," whereupon I 
was to invite them to step up on to the stage ; but seeing the 
fun in front, I delayed to do so, and O'Hara and myself went 
on with our impromptu dialogue, wiiile our confederates, in 
order to attract our attention to their position, which was 
becoming more and more unpleasant every minute, increased 
their interruptions in frequency and noise, until some mus- 
cular undergraduates sitting on the benches just behind our 
two dramatis personce, threatened to bonnet and kick them 
out if they didn't there and then ** hold their confounded 

This settled our confederates, for the undergraduates 
would have been as good as their word. 

Taking our cue from this unpremeditated and genuine inter- 
ruption, we entered into a pourparler with Messrs. Lee and 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year, 109 

Arbouin, who were only too glad to avail themselves of our 
invitation, to avoid the dangers with which they were threatened 
by the infuriated undergraduates. 

The piece was not repeated a second night, as it was 
impossible to find any members bold enough to encounter 
the danger from which our two friends — who thought 
they were going to have such fun among the audience — had 
escaped on the first representation. 

*' On the ichole,^' says the record of this performance, 'Hhe 
piece IV as just enough to put the audience in a good humour, 
and prepare them for the great piece of the evening, viz., 
^TwouUl puzzle a Conjuror,'^ described on the hill as — 

" An Historical Comic Drama in two acts, by the author of 
' Paid Pry: " 

This was our first attempt at anything at all elaborate. 
All our previous pieces had been one-act Vaudevilles, or 
farces, — the Curious Case was merely a farce in two acts, — 
and burlesques. 

But there is this to be remarked as something commendable 
in amateurs, we played original burlesques and farces, where 
everyone had to " create " his role, or we played pieces that we 
had never seen performed on the stage, and therefore, our 
impersonations, if not entirely original, were certainly not 
slavish copies of any professional interpretation, though some 
of us, well acquainted with the peculiarities of estabHshed 
London favourites, might attempt to reproduce them. 

The one exception to the above was myself, as I had 
been a theatre-goer since I was about eight years of age, 
and had acted in Box and Cox when I was about fourteen 
Still, even as far as I am concerned, I had never seen Bom- 
hastes, or A Fast Train, or Number One round the Corner, 
or Delicate Ground, or Tivo in the Morning, or Sent to the 

I lo Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D. C" Camb, 

To return to our first May Term programme for the 17th 
April, 1856. The cast was as follows, for 



Peter [Czar qf Muscovy, working uiuler 

thp, name of Peter Michloff) . 

Mr. M. Caxtox. 

Admiral Varensloff {Bussiari Ambas- 


Mr. Desmoxd Blake. 

Count de Marville (French Ambassador) 

Mr. J. liAINGER. 

Baron Von Clump {attached to the Ger- 

man Embassy) .... 

Iklr. Miles Hall. 

Van Dunder [Burgomaster of Saardam) 

Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Van Block [Master of the Dockyard of 


Mr. HuMniREY Duke. 

Peter Staumitz (head icorkman in the 


Mr. P. JoHNsox. 


Mr. E. Gaaul. 

Bertha (Burgomaster's niece — betrothed 

to Peter Staumitz) . . . . 

llv. F. HUMBY. 

"Workmen, Guards, &c., Messrs. H. Smith, Beowx, AValker, | 

and E. Hook. 

For this piece the ever-faithful S. J. E. Jones — " none hut 
himself could he his parallel " — painted a new scene repre- 
senting the dockyard, and an admirahle one it was. This 
was his last work for us, and we hecame aware of rising 
talent among ourselves, while there were rumours ahout a 
mysterious man " in the town " — as mysterious as the man in 
the moon, — who, for a consideration, less hy far than what 
we had given to our eminent professional friend — our now 
ex-associate Jones — would he willing to paint, or assist in 
painting, whatever scenery we might require. 

At present, however, we had a very fair stock of scenery in 
hand, and we wished to he economical. 

The key to the noms de theatre is here : — 

Mr.M. Caxton represents \ Hon. K Ashley. 
^ { — bimpson. 

The latter playing the part of Peter at short notice on 
account of Evelyn Ashley's heing suddenly unahle to 

May Ter77i, 18^6— Second Year, 1 1 1 

Mr. Desmond Blake 




Mr. J. Rainger 


A rbouin. 

Mr. Miles HaU . . 



Mr. Tom Pierce 



Mr. Humphrey Duke 



Mr. R, Johnson 



Mr. E. Gaaul . . 




Mr. F. Humby 





Messrs. Smith, Brown, Walker, and E. Hook stood 
for R. Preston, A. C. Lee, W. Lysaght, Lutwidge, 
and Evans, «S:c. 

Mr. Feilden, who had never played before, and was quite a 
novice — it was only his second term at the University — played 
and "looked" Bertha to general admiration. Kelly's 
Peter Staumitz is briefly and emphatically recorded as 
^'crt^n^aZ," and the others all more or less satisfactory. Of 
*' the office?' " it is recorded that " he was of the arms 

I should here observe that the " notices " are in various 
handwritings, and were generally the concoction of three or 
four of the members, who, meeting together after the per- 
formance, each in turn acted as secretary, while tobacco and 
■" modest quenchers " refreshed us during our labours of 

They were generally written in Evelyn Ashley's room, or 
in Tom Thornhill's. 

In 'Twonld puzzle a Conjuror, our *' supers," the soldiers 
find workmen, had been very irregular in their attendance at 
rehearsal, and caused a good deal of trouhle on the night 
of performance, by invariably coming on at the wrong times, 
and then positively refusing to be moved off, except at the 
command of their legitimate superior, the Master of the 
Dockyard. As to the prompter, they ignored him entirely, 
and W. H. Baillie used to be seen waving his hands 
in utter despair at the wing — which they, the workmen, 
look either as signs of encouragement generally, or indica- 

1 IJNIX/lHialTY t 

112 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. D.Cy Cmnb. 

tions that they ought to cheer, on which latter under- 
standing the word was passed, and a seriously interesting 
scene between Peter and the ambassadors was suddenly inter- 
rupted by an outburst of misapplied loyalty on the part of 
the workmen of Saardam. They were immediately repri- 
manded, in a forcible aside, by one of the ambassadors in 
disguise, whereupon they retired sulkily, and it was with 
difficulty they could be induced to make their re-appearance 
at the right moment. Strikes were not so common twenty- 
four years ago as now, or their conduct might have been 
easily accounted for. 

As it is the "A. D. C." record ironically states that " The 
soldiers and workmen ought to have been seen to have been 

Then came the farce of 



Colonel Templeton .... 

Mr. :Miles Hall. 

Terence O'Reilly {travelling artist) 

Mr. Desmonb Blake. 

Isaac Pickings {steward of the Hard- 

acre Estate) 

:Mr. R. JoHxsox. 

Posset {landlord of the ^^ Hardacre 


Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Mrs. Dorrington (a rich widow) , . 

Mr. M. Caxton. 

Miss Pradena Pickings 

Mr. C. Keeper. 

The new name that appears here is Mr. C. Eeeper (Mr. 
Wharton), who, I think, was coxswain to the Third Trinity 
— the Eton Boating Club, and who had come up from 
Eton with the sobriquet of " Creeper Wharton," — why, the 
boys only knew, I never did. Hence the name, Mr. C, 

Mr. O'Hara was very original as the Irish hero. He was 
remonstrated with as to the force of some of the language 
which was not that of the author, as we had heard, that for 
the first time since the commencement of the "A. D. C," some 
Dons were to be among our audience, and as these Dons were 
clergymen, we were afraid that our institution would be 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year, 113 

endangered by Terence O'Beilly's impulsive vivacity. In 
compliance with a very general request, Terence toned him- 
self down considerably on the second night; "but," as he 
explained to us, " you must throw some little dash into 
the part," — to which it was at once replied that " no one 
objected to a little * dash,' but only to a good deal of 
d ." 

Eobert O'Hara afterwards observed that *'he had been 
told of how great Power had been in this part, and as we 
couldn't get the great Power, we must put up with a little 

The performance, whether loud or modified, was an 
excellent one, and its charm was its unconventionality. 
Terence was magnificently arrayed in bright check trowsers, 
a very white w^aistcoat, a light dustcoat, and glossy white 
hat. This wasn't the sort of * Terence ' whose classical 
works Vice-Chancellor Guest would have had on our 

Then we played, as a revival, with a new cast, the evergreen 
Bomhastes, with Kelly as Fiisbos^ A. C. Lee as The General, 
myself as the King, Simpson as Distaffina, and " Mr. 
C. Keeper " as the fifer, in which character he was very 
droll, and the General had the greatest difficulty in 
stopping his music and getting him ofi" the stage. In 
this, Artaxominus had to sing a parody on a song — then 
in vogue at the Ci-der Cellars or Evans's — called The 
Dark Arches, which used to be encored three times every 

We were very simple in our tastes. Nowadays, in 
1879, one of the "A. D. C* actors would as soon think 
of tying a squib to the Vice-Chancellor's gown as of 
singing such a song on the boards of the "A. D. C" — 
whence all burlesque has been pro. tem. banished. Our 
fun was a trifle rough, perhaps, but it was hearty, spon- 
taneous, and was throughly enjoyed both by audience and 


114 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A^D.CT Camb. 
On this occasion the record of the Club says : 
" Distaffina — very good, not eqioal to Wilson.'' 

So that even within one year after our start we had 
already begun to be laudator es temporis acti. However, F. 
C. Wilson was to re-join our troupe when his academical 
studies should permit him. There was a demand for 
young undergraduates to fill these beardless parts — such a 
demand as must have been occasionally experienced in 
Shakespeare's time when he was looking everywhere for an 
Ophelia, a Kosalind, a Desdemona, or an Awdrey — and the 
demand created the supply. 

We had another performance in this term, quite an excep- 
tional case, and a veiy risky thing to attempt in a May 
Term, when so many men would be engaged in out-of- 
door amusements up to a late hour of the evening. 
However, in spite of the enforced absence of some of our 
* leading artists,' w^e still had a powerful and energetic 
company, and, of all pieces, we selected the old Adelphi 
burlesque Norma. 

I don't suppose that such a burlesque as Norma, wTitten 
by J. Oxberry, and played by Paul Bedford as the prima 
donna, Wright as Adalgisa, and Miss Woolgar (afterwards 
Mrs. Mellon) as Pollio would be possible now, either on pro- 
fessional or amateur boards. The above-mentioned low 
comedians in petticoats were extravagantly absurd, and in- 
tensely vulgar, — far beyond anything I ever remember to have 
seen since. Miss Woolgar was, of course, always elegant; 
she. Miss P. Horton (Mrs. German Keed) and Miss Julia St. 
George were, as far back as I can recollect, the princes of 
burlesque and extravaganza. 

We "saw ourselves" in Norma. Its fun was of the 
very broadest, the music popular, and, the cast being small, 
and the whole burlesque, too, being in one scene, it was a 
great boon to amateurs. 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year. 
The following is the hill for May 13, 1856 :— 


This Evening will be presented a Farce, in One Act, 


Sir Harry Eingdove 

Harry Ringdove . 

Morny . 


Miss Longclachit . 



Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Mr. Humphrey Duke. 
Mr. Gorman Bourke. 
]\[r. A. M. Sandwich. 
Mr. M. Caxton. 
Mr. L. A. Vendar. 

after which, for the first time at this theatre, 


Messrs. C. N. E 


Green and Black, H. Moore, P. Retty, 
and E. Hook, 

Who will give some of the most beautiful and popular Melodies 
of their own Native Land 1 


isr O R. M A 

Polio {a Roman consul) . 

Flavins {a Roman centurion) . . 

Oroveso {tlie Arch Druid, no relation 

to the *^ Dark Arches") , . . 
Norma {a Druidcss) 
Adalgisa {a ditto) . , . . 
Clotilda {a nurse) . . . . 
Two Children {Normals ^^pair of 

kids") .... 

The Moon {icho has condescended to 

descend for this occasion only by) . 

Mr. M. Caxton. 
Mr. L. A. Vendar. 

Mr. U. Glycove. 
Mr. Humphrey Duke. 
Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Mr. T. Winkle. 
Masters Squall and 


Druids, Warriors, &c. 

by Messrs. Heer, T. Hare, Every, 
and Ware. 

to conclude with the screaming farce entitled 


Mr. Benjamin Blowhard . 
Sampson Slasher . . . . 

Christopher Crasher 
Lieutenant Brown {of the Ifarines) . 


Miss Dinali Blowhard . . . 

Mr. Miles Hall. 
Mr. Tom Pierce. 
Mr. Gorman Bourke. 
Mr. Humphrey Duke. 
Mr. E. Gaaul. 
Mr. L. A. Vendar. 
Mr. M. Caxton. 

I 2 

1 16 Personal Remmiscences of the ''A.D.C." Camb, 

The key to the above is, — Humphrey Duke, Hon. Evelyn 
Ashley, who still retained the name that Alfred Thompson 
was to have appeared under in the previous term; Tom 
Pierce, myself ; Mr. Gorman Bourhe, Kowley Hill ; Mr. 
A. M. Sandwich, L.T.Baines; Mr.M. Caxton, K. Simpson; 
Mr. L. A. Vendar, Arthur Cumberlege. 

The serenaders were E. Ashley, Rowley Hill, A. C. Lee, 
Ernwin, and myself. 

We all blacked our faces severely, and thought we should 
never get it off again. The audience, who had not been 
particularly pleased with the Serenaders — it was one of our 
failures, — clamoured for the commencement of Nonna. "We 
didn't try the Serenaders — or rather the Serenaders didn't 
try the audience, again. Washing the nigger white was 
found too arduous a task. 

The Ringdoves went very well indeed. The notice re- 
corded is to the effect that — 

" Sir Harry ivas very good generally, hut not made up old 


'^ Harry, doubly good — his make up as the real Sir Harry, 


*' Mooney, Mr. HilVs debut, excellent.''' 
" Hobnail, Mr. Baines' ditto, short and siveet." 
" Miss Longclachit, first-rate in everything." 
" Cecilia, rather too old." 

*' Norma." — The special success of this piece seems to have 
been achieved by the nurse Clotilda, and the two children, 
played by a chorister and Wharton, the latter " doubling " as 
" The Man in the Moon." 

We were very proud of this Moon, as it was the genuine 
article — I mean the real property moon used at the Adelphi, 
lent to us for the occasion by Mr. Benjamin Webster. 

Of the chorus, by Messrs. Lee, Preston, Lysaght, Evans, 
Ernwin, Lutwidge, Hill, it is recorded, " All equally good, 
specially Lutwidge." 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year, 117 

The chorus were very well trained, and had worked hard, I 
know, for three weeks with White-headed Bob and his band, 
for whom I had had printed a paper of *' cues for music." 

Our band, as a rule, had to " vamp " considerably, but 
in this instance we insisted — Mr. Ashley and myself, who were 
chiefly concerned in the success of the burlesque — on a proper 
score being made for the fiddle, cornet and violoncello ; we 
had stipulated that 'WTiite-headed Bob and his Merry Men 
should come regularly to rehearsals, for which I think they 
were at first remunerated by shillings all round — " Bobs up," 
as it used to be called — from everyone in the room. This 
Bohemian and irregular plan was soon dropped, and a fixed 
charge was made for their attendance. 

The chorus were immensely imposing in their grey beards 
and white Druidical robes, their action energetic, and their 
march — the march — superb. As they complained of not 
having enough to do, they were brought in on every possible 
occasion, and plenty of business was invented in order to keep 
them quiet, as while on the stage they were in very good order, 
though a trifle uncertain about their notes ; but had they been 
allowed to remain off for any length of time, we should 
have heard more than we wanted of them, as, from our 
experience at rehearsal, they, being a large party, were safe 
to indulge in a performance of their own in the green 
room, where every word would be audible to the audience. 
As it was, over and over again, our anxious stage manager, 
Polwhele, used to rush into the green-room, shutting the door 
carefully and exclaiming in an agonized stage whisper, " I say, 
for goodness' sake don't make such a row. They can hear 
every word in front." 

But it must be remembered that our green room served us 
for dressing rooms and temporary property room as well. 

Slasher and Crasher, another old Adelphi farce, and just 
the thing for that audience. Murray played Old Blowhard, 
and could not remember his part. Kowley Hill was very 
funny and very noisy as Crasher. 

1 1 8 Pe7'sonal Reminiscences of the ^'A,D. C, " Camb . 

Towards the end of the piece, when the fun becomes fast 
and furious, and Crasher has to draw a sword and pursue Old 
Blowhard round the stage, off at one wing and on at another, 
and then chase him round again, we heard a loud cry of 
agony, and we attributed it to the excellent acting of Old 
Blowhard, who was keeping up his character of being 
frightened by Crasher, even when off the stage. It turned 
out, however, to be a very real expression of pain, from a car- 
penter, who accidentally getting in Mr. Hill's way, while he 
was in full cry after Old Blowhard with a drawn sword, was 
forcibly reminded of the fact by the energetic Crasher, who 
wouldn't keep the stage waiting and let the excitement drop, 
for all the carpenters in the world. 

After the performance the injured carpenter was comforted 
with a different sort of * tip ' to that which had so dis- 
turbed him, behind the scenes, during Slasher and Crasher. 

" The idiot wouldn't get out of the way," was Crasher's sub- 
sequent explanation, and when the O'Crasher's Celtic blood 
was up, he couldn't stand a Saxon obstructionist. 

The prompter had plenty to do the first night of this 
farce, for our ** Norma " had occupied most of our time and 
attention; the ladies were "elderly and respectable" and 
*' good as usual," and our orchestra, in spite of all the 
rehearsals, were so nervous in approaching their work, that 
taking advantage of the twenty minutes' rest afforded by 
our Serenaders, they so attuned themselves at a neighbour- 
ing public — perhaps at the bar of The Hoop — as to give a 
very uncertain sound when called upon. 

For myself as Adalgisa, having been absolutely perfect 
in the second of the duet at the last rehearsal, I was so 
nervous when the time came, that I sang all Norma's music 
and got off anyhow. The second night we were all quite at 
home in it, but on the whole, as far as the principals were 
concerned, I don't think *' Norma " proved a favourite. 

At the end of this notice, which is signed by two names, 
E. Ashley and F. C. Burnand, comes the following eulogy — 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year, 119 

evidently written on the departure of our stage manager, 
who was now leaving the University, having stopped up two 
terms after taking his degree in January, 1856 : — 

*' But we have forgotten our great duty to the members 
of the * A. D. C as well as to the enlightened audiences 
that have patronised our performances, as having omitted 
all mention of that energetic gentleman, truly loyal, yet- 
not -the -less -on -that -account -wonderfully talented stage 
manager, who, though he has but once attempted the his- 
ti-ionic line, and * strutted his short hour on the stage,' has 
deseiTcd the united and cordial thanks of the * A. D. C 
in general, and the acting members in particular, and who 
by his comity of expression, his sauvity of temper, his 
financial acumen, and invariable, and therefore-for-that- 
reason-not-like-the-weathercock-changeable deportment, has 
left the name of — (shall we breathe it) — ' Polwhele ' — to be 
handed down to all future members as an object of affec- 
tionate regard." 

It was a true word spoken in jest, and though the Club 
has been most fortunate in its stage managers, yet none have 
had so difficult a time of it, none have ever had so much to do, 
as our first stage-manager, whose undoubted " financial 
acumen " prevented us * running a muck ' at the outset. 

At a General Meeting held May 31, 1856 — 

1. Mr, W, Lysaght (Trin. Coll.) icas elected Stage Mana- 

ger, vice Polwhele resigned, 

(And now the records are in a new hand, the first, very 
neatly written, being signed "E. Ashley.") 

2. It was agreed that there should he an auditor on the 

Committee, ivho shall audit the accounts at the end of 
every term, 

J. M. Wilson of Caius was elected unanimously to this 

I20 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A,D,C" Camb, 

3. Tlie previous rule respecting the Treasurer and Stage- 

manager being merged into one was cancelled, 

(So that Mr. Polwhele's offices were now divided.) 

4. F. C, Bumandf Acting Manager, E. Ashley, Secretary/ 

and Treasurer, were re-elected, Evans as Prompter. 

(This was vice Mr. W. H. Baillie resigned. I think 
Norma and Slasher finished him,) 

5. Mr. W, H. Baillie elected President, vice Kelly 


(Mr. K. Kelly had commenced serious reading for his 
degree. Mr. F. 0. Wilson was also similarly engaged. Two 
of our best men 'out of it.' Mr. C. E. Donne, and Mr. 
Gerald Fitzgerald down, and Mr. O'Hara had left the Univer- 
sity; at all events, he never reappeared on the A. D. C. 

Then we made a rule — 

6. That the Prompter he present at one undressed rehearsal 

of each piece, and one dresser, 

(Evidently the Prompter had complained of his onerous 
duties, and, as evidently, the actors had represented that they 
couldn't get on without him.) 

7. Mr, Lutividge appointed Assistant Stage Manager, vice 

Ermvin resigned, 

(The Stage Manager objected to the entire responsibility 
being on his shoulders.) 

8. That smoking he alloived on rehearsal nights in the 

large room, hut never on the stage itself. 

This last rule speaks well for the discipline of the Club. 
In fact we were becoming very orderly and gradually set- 

May Termy 18^6 — Second Year. 121 

tling down, and before the end of the term, at a Committee 
Meeting, June 7, 1856, we decided that — > 

1. ** The second and last Monday in term he fixed days for 

Committee Meetings, and that the days of ^performance 
he settled finally at least ten days hefore the first night 
of performance," 

Henceforth " extra nights in consequence of a great success " 
were doomed. 

2. Immediately on such settlement each gentleman cast for 

any character shall provide himself with a hook, as 
also the Stage Manager, Prompter, and Acting 

8. After the settlement of day and pieces the Secretary shall 
send printed circulars at least a iveek heforehand, spe- 
cifying the pieces and days of performance to every 

(This was to further the sale of tickets.) 

4. That the performances he always, if possible, on a 

Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, 

(Saturdays were excluded principally because a performance 
on that night might clash with a Beefsteak Club dinner.) 

5. That the whole number of tickets he distributed equally 

among the members of the Committee, who shall on 
payment for the same issue them to members for distri- 
bution, or to others. 

(" No credit " system.) 

6. That there be afineof2s, Gd. for being half an hour late 

for rehearsal, and 5s. for being absent altogether, the 
only excuse taken being positive illness. Any memher 
throwing up his part after once accepting it to be liable 
to a fine of one guinea. 

122 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.CT Camb. 

(We had suffered from insufficient rehearsals during this 
May Term.) 

7. Of Rehearsals. That one time especially he set apart 
for Rehearsal every day after the settlement. 

(This made ten days certain. This term we had had 
three weeks, hut though the rehearsals were frequent the 
attendance was irregular.) 

That only one piece he rehearsed at each rehearsal. 

(We had done * bits ' of Norma, * hits ' of Slasher, just as 
it happened to suit those present.) 

And that notice he put up heforefour o'clock on the previous 
day in the rooms, the acting memhers determining the 
time hy hallot, 

(At four o'clock most of us were absent, as at that hour we 
went to get "marked" in Hall. We were ^marked' if we 
attended, and we were * marked men ' if we didn't. Four was 
then the dining hour at Trinity. Now there are three dinner 
hours. Early for athletes, medium time for reading men, 
and seven for those who would otherwise prefer dining in their 
rooms — as most of us, in our time, used to do ordinarily, for 
" Hall " at Trinity was then a very uncivilised affair.) 

Finally. That the Dressed Rehearsal he the only night 
Rehearsal of a piece, and it shall commence at 
6.80 p.m. 

(That is, immediately after chapel, before the men sepa- 

This allowed for taking an early snack at " Litchfield's,'* 
the Restaurant — or even something short, and as sweet as 
possible, in Hall — or a cut off a cold joint in our own rooms, — 
there was always this luxury chez nous in Green Street — then 
" keeping chapel," so as to he on the windy side of the law. 

May Term, 18^6 — Second Year. 123 

and then going all together to rehearsal, finishing at ahout 
nine, when we betook ourselves to the pleasantest meal of our 
day, supper, or an '' Athenaeum Tea," which was the same 
thing, but only open to members of the Athenaeum, and to those 
specially invited. The undergraduates' day generally finished 
with Loo, varying from eighteen pence and three shillings, to 
three and nine up to half-sovereigns and Club force, and 
so to unlimited. But these card parties had, of course, 
nothing whatever to do wdth the **A. D. C," most of the 
acting members preferring to sup together quietly, and talk 
over the business of the performances. 

The Club's acceptance of these rules brings the first season 
of our ** A. D. C." new year to a close. Then came the Long 



We had already made a good start for our second year. 
Charles E. Donne, B.A. and myself, had commenced an 
amhitious drama, in two acts, called The Husband^ specially 
written for the cast we could get at the '*A. D. C." in the 
following term. 

It was a wonderfully * original ' drama. All the originality 
came from other original works, from Robert Macaire, from 
Still Waters Run Deep, from the acted version of The Battle 
of Life, business from farces, and a hero as gloomy as The 
Stranger, as tragic as Beverley, and as dashing as Robert Ma- 

How it fell through I don't know, but somehow or other, 
though we had it printed, and though the cast is down as 
" for the A. D. C, November, 1856," yet as far as I can 
remember, it was never read to the company and never 

I fancy that in consequence of F. C. Wilson being unable 
to play, we gave up The Husband and settled on The Jaco- 
bite, a comic drama, in two acts, suggested by Reginald 
Kelly, with four parts in it for all our principals. 

The first move this term was to elect Mr. A. C. Lee, of 
Trinity, Prompter, vice Mr. Evans, absent. 

The next to elect Mr. Whitley Assistant Stage Manager, 
vice Lutwidge, absent. 

October Te^nn^ 1856. 125 

Then in a very business-like way we " resolved — 

" That the Prompter he requested to provide himself with 
hooks of the pieces,** 

AYbat trouble we bad with those prompters ! and this in 
spite of all the recent rules so carefully drawn up the previous 
term ! 

'' TJiat he shoidd attend every rehearsal^ 

This was more stringent than the latest rule on the 

" And keep an inventoinj of the properties,'* 

This was italicised. It was in consequence of the gradual ac- 
cumulation of "properties," which were made for us and seldom 
hired, that, at length, the Stage Manager complained of being 
unable to get on without an assistant, who should be respon- 
sible for those troublesome articles. 

Then we resolved ** That all stage accounts (i.e., as separate 
from Club accounts) shoidd pass throtigh the Stage Manager's 
hands to the treasurer and he paid hy him,** 

The Treasurer was never to pay without the bills being 
signed by the Stage Manager. After a while the signature 
of the Assistant Stage Manager was also requisite. 

Hitherto the orders had been signed by the secretary 

Then, in accordance with the statute * made and provided ' 
in the May Term, we settled that the days of performance 
should be the 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st of November, i.e., 
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. 

There were elected : 

Mr. Charles Hall (Trin.); Mr. A. F. Sealy (Caius); Mr. 
Julius Rowley (Magd.); Mr. P. P. G^v^nne (St. John's); Mr. 
R. Tennant (Trin.) ; Mr. H. W. Hoffmann (Trin.). 

126 Perso7ial Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C." Camb, 

After vain endeavours to restrict the smoking to one room, 
we gave it up as hopeless, and on October 27, passed a reso- 
lution to permit smoking in both rooms. Performance days 
of course, excepted. 

Our next elections were 29th October, Mr. F. V. Wright 
(Trin.), and Mr. E. Hobart (Trin. Hall), and on November 
8th, Mr. Frank Smith (Trin.). 

A great change had come over the spirit of the Club since 
May Term, 1855, and many of our members belonged also to 
the Athenaeum, which had never again attempted a perform- 

The ancient Jones having been respectfully congedie, 

" When lie who had painted 
Had left but the name," 

which we still retained in the bill, as our stock scenery was 
the work of his hands, — we accepted the services of one 
E. Gage, a townsman, the precise nature of whose trade 
I forget — if I ever knew — as he is associated in my mind 
only with Chinese lanterns, fireworks, transparencies, 
paint pots, a state of chronic perspiration, and a small shop 
where there was a muddle of everything. 

He was an ingenious man up to a certain point, and was 
certainly at first far from an expensive one. Personally, I -was 
never so struck by the excellence of his scenery as he was 

It was ' not a patch ' on what the discarded Jones would have 
done, but then the discarded Jones had to be, traditionally, 
entertained by one committee man, who had to feed him, and 
listen to his old stories, and Jones's work cost the Club two 
guineas, or more, per diem, while Gage was at our beck and 
call, and delighted at the opportunity thus afforded him of 
extending his connection among the undergraduates. 

Gage — who was a fussy, funny little fat man, always *' hot 
and hot," no matter what time of year it might be — was 
persistently worried at his work by Rowley Hill, who after 

October Term, 18^6, 127 

inspecting some clicf d^oeuvre of scene painting, intended to 
represent a window, would ask in the most undeniable brogue 
— which he could accentuate considerably when it suited his 
humour — 

" Gage, come here ! What's this at all ? Is it a cow 
ye've been painting ? Sure then there's no cow in The 
Jacohite, unless ye think a Jacobite's a cow." 

Of course the listeners kept their countenances, for 
Gage was a very fair butt, and a very all round one too, 
besides being exceptionally good tempered with us, as a 
matter of business. 

*' No, Mr. Hill," he would explain, eyeing his questioner's 
serious face to find out whether he was really being chaffed 
or not, " No, sir, don't you see it's a window ? " 

" A window ! " Rowley Hill would exclaim, " That a 
window ! ! now ask anyone — and they'd swear it's a cow. 
Why, look here. Gage," and he would point to a branch 
intended to belong to a tree in the landscape outside, as seen 
through the window, "isn't this the cow's tail? A window ! 
get out with ye ! 'tis a cow, and there's its tail ! " 

Gage would then commence an apologetic explanation with 
the view of proving to us that the scene was not yet finished, 
and that it was not fair to judge of it in its present state, when, 
perhaps, he was ready to admit, what was meant for a window 
might bear some resemblance to a cow : but we had all got the 
cue, and one after the other informed him that there was no 
cow in The Jacohite and he must paint it out. 

Next day he triumphed. He had painted an extraordinary 
piece of di-apery partly hiding the window. "There," he said 
to us, " That's not a cow, now, is it, Mr. Hill ? " 

" No, Gage, ye've made a bull of it now," returned 
Rowley Hill. But it's about as much like a window as 
he'll ever get it." 

The result was a Gothic chamber of a bright reddish brown 
colour, with impossible lights and shades, and quite a 
curiosity in perspective. " I'm not a nartist," said Mr. Gage 

128 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb. 

complacently, "but I don't think as you've got any think 'ere 
to beat that." We hadn't, and we never had. 

The theatrical work commenced with the arrival of a dis- 
tinguished character, Mr. W. G-. Clarkson, the well-known 
Perruquier {then of 15, Little Kussell Street, Covent Garden), 
who had undertaken to provide the dresses, and as these 
came from Mr. May's, the Costumier of Bow Street, it was 
with the latter that for some time to come the Club regularly 
dealt. The name of Messrs. Nathan at this time disappears 
from our programmes, and up to the October term of 1858, 
W. G. Clarkson is always advertised at the foot of the bill as 
"providing the costumes and appointments." What the 
latter word implies I do not Imow, except that we were 
thoroughly satisfied, and that Clarkson brought with him no 

The amount of our Costumier's luggage made a formidable 
show in our small rooms, and some contemporary wag has 
written in the A. D. C. Book that " as the Club only pos- 
sesses a pit and stalls, Mr. Clarkson has brought down with 
him some private boxes." 

I treat this jeu de mot as Mr. Clarkson did his box on 
leaving, and re-cord it. 

Our amiable costumier and perruquier — two single gentle- 
men rolled into one Clarkson — preferred coming down on 
Sunday early as it gave him * an outing.' He was most willing 
and obliging, and a great favourite with the members, whose 
cigar cases were placed at his disposal in the most generous 
fashion. Where he slept was always a mystery ; but it was 
supposed that when all the members had retired, he "set" a 
cottage interior on the stage, and took his rest on a property 
bed. Except on a Sunday, he was never seen out of doors, 
but always among pomatum pots, dressed in a white apron, 
like a man-cook, and with a large comb stuck in his hair over 
his right ear. So rare was it for him ever to be seen out of the 
Club, that, when, on one of the above-mentioned Sundays, 
some member of the *' A. D. C." came up to another's rooms 

October Term, 18^6, 129 

with the startHng information that Clarkson was * wandering 
about the backs of the Colleges,' it was immediately feared 
that either our informant was hoaxing us, or that there must 
be something wrong with Clarkson. Several members were 
at once got together, and this impromptu commission of 
inquiry immediately sallied forth, in a great state of anxiety, 
to learn the truth of the extraordinary statement they had just 

Yes, there he was. He had been listening to the afternoon 
anthem in King's College and admiring the * make-ups' of the 
Dons, as they issued forth in their academicals. 

We followed him at a cautious distance, as though we were 
dogging an escaped lunatic, or a rare bird that had escaped 
from its cage, and which we were only awaiting the first 
opportunity to capture. He gradually found his way back to 
the green-room of the "A. D. C." where we found him, all 
among the grease-pots, slumbering in an arm chair, his head 
falling forward, and his hands clasped over his well rounded 
form, and so we left him, happy, undisturbed, playing his 
own Sunday anthem on his own nasal organ. 

Clarkson once accompanied a party out partridge shooting. 
He confided to one of us that * Though he'd often eaten the 
birds he'd never seen 'em undressed.' 

No one ever saw Clarkson arrive — no one ever saw him 
leave. He was summoned to attend, and lo ! one morning 
we went to the **A. D. C." and found he was there. 

His mode of living was remarkably unostentatious on these 
occasions, but his presence was invariably notified in the 
afternoon by a mixed smell of frizzling fat, and hair-grease, 
arising, I fancy, from the fact that the curling-tongs were 
being heated between the lower bars of the fire, where at the 
top his chop was cooking. 

After the performance he often used to receive an invita- 
tion to our supper parties, but when he came, though highly 
appreciating the compliment, he seemed rather scared, and 
subsequently ^decHned with thanks,' preferring to sit — like 

130 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CJ' Camb. 

Marius among the ruins — surrounded by tlie muddle of a 
green-room after a performance, and take his quiet meal on 
one of his boxes, while he chatted with "Mr. and Mrs. 
Boots " — i.e. Boots and his wife — who belonged to the Hoop 
Hotel, and were told off for the special service of the 
"A. D. C." 

On Monday we rehearsed my new burlesque, liordi Lovel 
and Lady Nancy Bell ; or the Bounding Brigand of Ba- 
kumhoilum. And on Tuesday we played it as a last 
piece, preceded by The Jacobite, to commence with, and a 
new farce of mine, In for a Holiday ^ in the middle of the 

The house consisted of sixty-three audience, exclusive of 
members. This gave us fifteen guineas. It doesn't sound 
much ; but this for two nights, with an increase on the two 
last produced about eighty guineas, which gave us a con- 
siderable profit, and is recorded in the Annals as "pleasing 
to the Club." 

" 0. E. Bonne,'' says the jocular notice, " as Sir Richard 
Wrighton. His acting, though the author only lurote 
thirty-six pages, spoke volumes. 

E. M. Ashley. Major Murray — acted evidently as Major 
Murray would have done in similar circumstances — very 

R. Kelly. His John Duck inimitable. Even Clarke of the 
Haymarket could have done it no better. ' We ne'er 
shall look upon his like again.' " 

In the margin, in a different hand, is a query to ' Clarke,' 
intimating that Buckstone was meant. Another hand has 
scribbled below this, "It's a joke, stoopid! " The joke being, 
that Mr. Kelly's beau ideal on the stage was Clarke of the 

The quotation * never look upon his like again,' applies to 

October Term, 1856. 131 

the fact of it being probably his last appearance, it being his 
last term at the University. 

** Gerald Fitzgerald . . . took the part of Widow Pottle. His 
' make up * ivas wonderful ; his voice carefully altered, 
and his acting so clever as to make a real part of a 
character which in the hands of an inferior artist would 
have been nothing at alV* 

[I have an old faded photograph of him now, as I have of 
all the characters in this piece, except myself, with Clarkson 
about to try on John Duck's wig.] 

** Patty Pottle, by F, C. Burnand, his first appearance as a 
young woman. Ills acting added much to the success of 
the piece. 
" Lady Somerfield. R. Hobart. Looked pretty, and acted 
veiy nicely. 
** Great 2>raise is due to the officers and soldiers who so 
nobly did their duty in the cause they had espoused for 
four nights only'^ 
The Officer, — Mr. Julius Rowley. 
The Soldiers, — Messrs. Wright atid Hall. 
** Some people were weak enough to say the soldiers must 
necessarily have been Hall "Wright ! 

" We ivrite this,^^ the record continues, *' to prevent any 
young ivag ivhen reading this from perpetrating the bad joke 
which every one makes on seeing these two names in conjunc- 

*' The piece teas very successful.^' 

The next night, instead of The Jacobite, we played Used 
Up, and the final notice is : — 

" The Jacobite and Used Up were two of the most 
perfect ineces of amateur acting. This remark must espe- 
cially apply to Used Up. There was not a shaky man in the 

K 2 

132 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^ A, D.d' Camb, 

cast, Donne, Fitzgerald, Kelly, Burnand, Ev, M, Ashley, 
C. Hall, Rowley, B, Hohart. 

" There were four nights, and the first was almost as well 
filled as the last, 

" The performances never improved from the first night 
(except, perhaps, in a few minor details), hut the first night's 
performance was as smooth and as good as the last. 

** This ivas the effect of careful and timely rehearsals. We 
had nearly three weeks of daily rehearsaV 

(So that the sad experience of the previous term and the 
new rules had effected some good.) 

** There icas no one who did not enter into these two pieces 
with all his energy y 

The fact is that at this time all our principals were inde- 
fatigahle rehearsers, and had no counter attraction out of the 
*'A, D. C." We were prepared to give our undivided atten- 
tion to the stage business, and we undoubtedly did. 

Charles Donne's Sir Charles Coldstream was a really good 
performance. I find I played Lady Clutterbuck, and against 
it is scored ^* good,'* I hope so. 

The burlesque was also successful, but not equal to either 
Villikins, Bomhastes, or St. George, All our burlesques were 
more or less successful. The singing, dancing, and costumes 
were new to our audience in those happy Thespian and un- 
critical days. 

Evelyn Ashley played Lord Lovel, Preston and Rowley two 
Brigands, and Tom Thornhill the Baron Bell. 

October Term, 18^6. 
Here is the Bill in extenso. 


Jc5l« XJm tL^m 

This Evening (Friday) will be Performed the Petite 

Comedy, in Two Acts, by DION BOUCICAULT, 

Esq., entitled, 


Sir Charles Coldstream 

Sir Adonis Leech . 

Mr. Tom Saville 

"Wurzel {a farmer) 

John Iroubrace {a blacksmith) 

Mr. Fennel {a lawyer) . 

James {a servatU) 

Mary ( IVurzeVs daughter) . 

Lady Clutterbuck . 

U P ! 

Mr. C. J. Algernon. 
Mr. Humphrey Duke. 
Mr. Hawley Charles. 
Mr. 11. Johnson. 
!Mr. A. Herbert. 
Mr. Poler. 
Mr. Featherstone. 
H. Audley. 
F. Mayden. 

Act. I. — Saloon in Sir Charles Coldstream's House. 
Act. 1L — Interior of "VVurzel's Farm House. 

After which, an entirely new Farce, by F. C. 
BURN AND, KsQ., entitled 


Gustavus Popple (« yowig gentleman 
retained^ hetwccn ten arid three, by 

Rory O'Bobster {a gerdleman retained 
by a commercial house for his per- 
suasive jJowers) .... 

Airs. Amelia Waggles (a young widow) 

Mrs. O'Bobster 

Mrs. Comfit 

Mr. Tom Pifjice. 

Mr. Gorman Bourke. 
Mr. H. AuDLKY. 
Mr. S. Gilbert. 
Mr. B. Stuabt. 

After which, will he presented for the first tim^, an entirely new 
Burlesque, written expressly for the ^^A.D.C.,^'' by the author 
of St. George, Villikins, dec., and bearing the aristocratic 
but not-the-less-on-that-account-cxcecdingly pathetic tide of 




Lord Lovel {a swell betrothed to Lady 

Nancy Bell) 

Baron Billy Bell {no joke can be made 

on such a barren subject, so that 

we ivill simply state that he is the 

parient of Lady Nancy) 

Mr. Humphrey Duke. 

Mr. Featherstone. 

134 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.CT Camb, 

Rumtifoozle {formerly Due di Humti- 

foozle, tiow living in exile under the 

title of *'The Bounding Brigand"). Mr. Tom Pierce. 
First Brigand "I {making in all two { Messrs. V. Glycove and 
Second Brigand J Brigands). . ( Polek. 

{ {belonging to Lord \ 
First Retainer \ Lovel who 7nay not I Messrs. J. Norton and 
Second Retainer jfor this reason be ( F. Roper. 

( called a Law Lord) ) 
Lady Nancy Bell {daughter of the 

Baron — beloved by Bumtifoozle — 

married to Lovel — and — and — oh! 

a lot of things /) . . . . . Mr. E. Bishop. 

Guests, Servants, and Bloated Aristocrats by Messrs. Heer, 
T. Hare, Avery, Ware, and a host of talent. 


'Tm going, my Lady Nancy Bell, foreign countries for to 
see " — words of Lord Lovel, extracted from old song. To show 
the why and wherefore of his saying these words, the Curtain 
being drawn up, will show — 

Scene 1st. — A Dark Wood in the Bakumboilum Country. 
(Painted by S. J. E. Jones.) 

Scene 2nd. — Baronial Hall in Baron Billy's Castle. 
(Painted by S. J. E. Jones.) 


" He rode and he rode (home) on his milk-white steed — 
After having been absent a year and a day — 

* Now who is defunct ? ' quoth he (Lord Lovel). 

* A lady is dead — and they call her the Lady Nancy.' " 

Extracted from the MS. in possession of Mr. Samuel Cowell, 
Antiquarian and Lushington Professor, at Evans's Grand Col- 
lege, Covent Garden. 

Scene 1st. — Lady Nancy's Boudoir. (Painted by S. E. 
Gage. ) How she took poison and died ! ! ! 

Scene 2nd.— Tomb of the Billy ^qWs— Night. (Painted 
by Charles Lester, Esq.) 

Arrival of Love ! Defeat of Rumtifoozle ! ! Exhuma- 
tion ! ! ! Exclamation ! ! ! ! Perturbation ! ! ! ! ! Con- 
glomeration !!!!!! and something of everything-else- 
ation !!!!!!! an 


Concluding the Piece with (we hope) approbation. 

Books of the Burlesque may he had in the room, price One Shilling. 

Manager— Mr. O. LESLIE. Acting Manager— Mr. TOM PIERCE. 

Assistant Stage Manage^'— Mr. V. Glycove. 


Scenerg by Messrs. S. J. E. JONES, E. GAGE, and C. LESTER, Esq. 

Costumes by J. W. CLARKSON {of Drury Lane). 

Decorations by E. GA GE. 

October Term, i8s6^ 135 

" Mr. G. Leslie " was our new stage manager, W. Lysaglit, 
Trin. Coll. ; R. Preston was his assistant. The Prompter was 
was A. C. Lee. 

The peculiarity of this bill is that no "Mr.'^ was pre- 
fixed to the names of those who played the women in the 

Used Up was the best played piece ever produced at the 
"A. D. C." Besides having a really admirable Sir Charles 
Coldstream in Charles E. Donne, we had in Evelyn Ashley, 
as Sir Adonis Leech, an old beau whose make up and per- 
formance could only have been surpassed in later days by Mr. 
Hare in School — where Tom Robertson had given him an 
imitation of " Cousin Fccnix *' in Domhey & Son. And 
then there was Charles Hall {oux first Charles Hall, Charles 
the First, who entered the army, while our Charles the 
Second went to the bar), who, as Honourable Tom Saville, could 
not have found his equal, for this small part, among amateurs 
or professionals. Kelly's Wurzel was excellent. Gerald Fitz- 
gerald's Ironbrace was energetic and made an excellent foil 
to the languid Sir Charles, but though a strong character in the 
play, it was the weakest in performance, yet not so weak as to 
impair the general excellence. Julius Rowley — called of 
course " Poler " in the bill — as the lawyer, was another excel- 
lent bit of character acting, and anyone looking at a photo- 
graph of R. Hobart as Mary Wurzel, would probably say 
*' What a pretty girl ! and how exactly she looks her part." 
Yes, certainly. Used Up — as, apart from the written record, 
I am reminded by old members of the Club, and as I well 
remember it myself — was, without exception, the very best 
played two-act drama ever represented on the ** A. D. C." 

Recent performances may perhaps challenge comparison 
with it, but good as was their Ticket of Leave Man in October 
Term, 1878, it was too ambitious an attempt, and though Mr. 
Brookfield's Jem Dalton was exceptionally good, yet it had not 
the advantages of such a perfect and experienced cast all round, 

136 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D.CT Camb. 

and of such close careful rehearsals for three weeks, as we had, 
twenty-two years before, for Jjscd Up, 

Notice the author's idea of Goyernment employment, as 
instanced in the description of Gustavus Popple in In for a 

This farce went immensely, Rowley Hill as Rory O'Bobster 
being wonderfully amusing, both on and off the stage. On 
the second night the stage manager had set the scene wrong, 
and Rory O'Bobster's entrance door was omitted. 

" B'dad, then, how'm I to get in at all?" screamed the 
representative of Rory O'Bobster, as, dressed in red check 
trousers, with a white waistcoat, a blue coat and brass buttons, 
he executed a wild war dance of enraged disappointment at 
the part of the scene where his door ought to have been. 

The prompter, who will be found in the bill as " Mr. 
Charlie Chuclder " — an irritating name when you want a 
person who icon't chuckle — recommended him to go on any- 

" Anywhere ! " shouted the unfortunate Rory. " But 
where, man alive ? Where's anywhere ? " 

It seemed to be nowhere. 

But the cue came, and inspired by desperation, Rowley Hill, 
with a furious energy that would well have suited the 
character he had to play, if he hadn't had to assume a 
demeanour all smiles and heartiness immediately he appeared, 
burst on to the scene through a bedroom door, which puzzled 
the audience considerably, as they couldn't for the life of them 
make out why Rory O'Bobster should have been hiding in the 
bedroom, and why he should appear without any explanation 
being given or demanded. 

Prompter, stage manager, and assistant stage manager, 
would have got it hot from Rory O'Bobster that night, for he 
was armed with a real shillelagh, which he flourished wildly, 
accompanying the war-dance, all round the stage behind the 
scenes in search of the offenders who had fled, with *' strange 
guttural noises " that, as our record of this episode states. 

October Term, 1856, 137 

*'were successfully imitated by Mr. Lee" — the "Charlie 
Chuclder" above mentioned — and "must have been heard," 
— as they were by two favoured individuals — " to have been 

Tom Thornhill, made up and dressed like a carrotty-headed 
ostler, appeared as the man with the bonnet-box. His busi- 
ness was limited to scratching his wig dubiously. This was 
received with rounds of applause, and the more he was 
applauded the more he scratched. His conduct on this 
occasion would have qualified him as a member of a 
** scratch " company. 

Reginald Kelly, having devoted himself heart and soul to 
OUl Witrzel and the Jacobite^ had undertaken, at short notice 
and in the kindest way possible, to master the difficulties of 
Mrs. Comfit, the landlady, and on the first night he read his part 
from a tea-tray which he was carrying; but on the second 
night, having found this proceeding highly embarrassing, ho 
did away with all the difficulty that might arise from reading 
and acting at the same time, by coming on, without his book 
and without his tea-tray, and forgetting his part altogether. 

In our records, Evelyn Ashley has remarked of this piece 
that " it went without a hitch, except what was apparent when 
Mr. Thornhill scratched.'' Also 

" The dialogue ran smoothli/, and the author , contrary to 
his usual custom, seemed very much pleased^ 

"H. Audley," in the farce, stands for R. Hobart; " S. 
Gilbert," for Gwynne; and " B. Stuart," for R. Kelly. 

As to the burlesque, I am sure that at this time 1 knew 
nothing of Victor Hugo's Hernani, or the character of Rum- 
tifoozle, — the exiled Duke living as a bandit — might have 
been taken as a burlesque upon that absurd personage. Perhaps 
I had seen the opera Ernani. I do recollect it well, with 
Mdlle. Bosio as the heroine. 

Our two scenes, "painted by S. J. E. Jones,'' were old 
ones. The first was the wood scene, which had been his 

138 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.CT Camb, 

work in 1855 for Bomhastes ; and the second had been painted 
for St, George and the Dragon, We made a flourish about 
them, because " Mr. E. Gage," had requested that he might 
have his own name in the bill, and because we had a new 
amateur scenic artist, whose work had cost us only the price 
of the paint and canvas. The last was Mr. C. Lutwidge, who, 
both before and after he became a pupil of O'Connor's, painted 
several things for the "A. D. C." 

The reference, in the bill, to Sam Cowell, who used to sing 
Lord Level, will be recognised by all who remember Evans's 
in "the old days" of Paddy Green, when the room was a 
quarter of its present size, and only men were admitted. 

After this performance, we had a general meeting in 
December, whereat were elected 

W. KBailHe . . 

. President. 


. Stage Manager, 

bt resigned. 

F. C. Bumand . 

A.C.Lee . 

E. Ashley 

J. M. WUson (Caius) . 

. Acting Manager. 

. Prompter. 

. Secretary and Treasurer. 

. Auditor. 

This arrangement was almost immediately upset by Mr. 
Ernwin's suddenly quitting the University at Christmas; 
and during the next term — when, after our brilliant exploits 
there was, for reasons which will presently appear, a lull 
in our little theatrical circle — the post of stage manager 
remained vacant, or as good, or as bad, as vacant, the holder 
being thus named in the bills for the Lent Term — 

Stage Manager . . . Mr. St. Ewpid. 





The Lent Term of 1856 must bo ever memorable in the 
annals of the Club, as it was then that we first had to borrow 
money to meet our liabilities. It was our * Money Lent 

We were brought face to face with our difficulties with 
a startling suddenness. 

In the January of 1857, Reginald Kelly having taken his 
degree, stayed up all jubilant for * The Bachelors' Ball,' 
which was given either just at the very commencement of the 
Term, or at the close of the Christmas vacation before the 
men came up. 

Be that as it may, very few members of the "A. D. C." 
were in Cambridge for this festivity, and Reginald Kelly 
with his blushing honours thick upon him, appeared on the 
red-baized steps of the brilliantly lighted hotel, resplendent 
in the lemonest of lemon-tinted gloves and the whitest of 
white ties, and had just requested the ladies of his party to 
wait for one moment while he handed his cap and new 
stringed Bachelor gown to a polite official who was stepping 
forward to receive them, when the demeanour of the polite 
official suddenly changed, his aspect became less polite and 
more official, and just as the gay young Bachelor was about 
to ask why he didn't take the proifered cap and gown, the 

140 Personal Reminiscences of tJie ^'A.D.C' Canib. 

man produced a neatly folded slip of paper which turned out 
to be a writ. 

Beginald Kelly couldn't believe his eyes. He had heard 
something of this sort of proceeding in farces on the stage, 
when the bailiff generally got the worst of it, and when the 
low-comedian, who had to escape from him, was shut up 
in a jam cupboard, whence he issued with his mouth and 
fingers daubed all over, or in a cupboard with a bottle of 
brandy, when, of course he reappeared very much the worse 
for liquor, in which case he usually smashed the bailiff's hat 
over his eyes, and then effected his escape from an open window, 
which was immediately the signal for the prompter to let fall 
a basket of broken crockery, supposed to represent a '' crash,'' 
and some one would cry out *' he's gone through the conserva- 
tory " — whereupon the " minion of the law " would follow his 
victim as speedily as possible, and of course, had far and away 
the worst of it. 

But in real life, it is evidently quite another affair alto- 
gether. Here was the bailiff, here was Beginald Kelly, there 
was no jam cupboard at hand for either to hide in, and no 
window for either to escape out of with a crash. The 
crash had come with a vengeance, but how ? Was he 
arrested, if so, at whose suit ? He owed nothing in the 
University ? If he had already taken his degree, the conse- 
quences were not so serious as if the ceremony were still to 
come, as the Bachelor is supposed to be free of debt. If he 
had taken his degree, then clearly it was the creditor's inten- 
tion to catch him before quitting the University for ever. 

At whose suit ? 

Our unfortunate carpenter's, or that of his creditors, for 
hCy poor man, had failed, and we owed him about two hundred 
pounds. Somehow he had got hold of Eeginald Kelly's 
name as a prominent member, as President, and also 
Secretary and Treasurer, in which latter capacity he had 
signed the orders, had probably given receipts, and paid 
money on account. 

Financial Crisis. 141 

However, so it was. 

Kelly explained that it was all right, but the server — being 
anything but a ti?7ie- server — was inexorable. 

Keginald Kelly pointed out to him that he was engaged for 
the next half-a-dozen dances, and couldn't come. The bailiif 
simply replied that he couldn't hear of his dancing with any- 
body but him (the bailiff) and that he had been instructed 
not to lose sight of him until some settlement should be 
arrived at. 

The upshot of it was, that, with great presence of mind, 
the gay young Bachelor excused himself for a few minutes, 
returned to his College with the man and the writ, interviewed 
his tutor, the matter was there and then arranged, and 
apparently free and unfettered Keginald Kelly returned to the 
mazy dance, cherishing vindictive thoughts against the 
*' A. D. C." committee, who, by their want of prevision, had 
placed one of their leading members in, so to speak, " a 

Precisely the same situation occurred the same night or 
very soon afterwards at Evelyn Ashley's rooms, where the 
sei-ver was so astonished by his warm reception, that he was 
for proceeding with a summons on his own account, had it 
not been shown that the writ was itself illegal, in fact a writ 
of error — and the bailiff a trespasser. 

Ashley had also been our secretary, and so his name had 
been given to some of the orders for work. 

Before the Committee came up, however, both our secre- 
taries had forgiven us, while Kelly, who had been actually 
out of pocket by the transaction, only wished to be recouped 
as quickly as possible, for the advance which he had been 
compelled to make in order to appear at that Bachelor's 
Ball as gay and light-hearted as the gallant young water- 

Before a committee, specially called, Keginald Kelly told 
his grievance. His narrative was so highly amusing that the 
board were in fits of irrepressible laughter. But then )ie had 

142 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D.CT Camb. 

been the sufferer, not we. Therein lay the point of the joke, 
as far as it was a joke at all. 

As for Evelyn Ashley, he could join in the laugh most 
heartily, as )ie had dismissed the bailiff summarily, and had 
paid nothing for the amusement. 

He reminded us particularly, that when, so far back as 
the October Term of. '^^, he had been elected secretary and 
treasurer, he had begged to be excused, and had very soon 
resigned the post after being fined five shillings for being 
absent from a meeting. He had, he said, never wished to be 
secretary and treasurer, he didn't care about writing, and was 
no hand at accounts, and look ! hadn't it turned out just as 
he had expected ? Hadn't he, in his official capacity, been 
compelled to sign everything, and hadn't he now been held 
responsible for his rashness ? Yes. 

We all agreed that this was the case, and that in fact there 
could be no argument nor two opinions about it. Good. 
*' Then what was to be done?" that was what he, Keginald 
Kelly, as a practical man and a B.A., who was not going to 
stop up at the University any longer, wanted to know ? 

This brought us to book, or rather to books, and to busi- 

It was very plain and simple. We owed about two hundred 
pounds or more, and we hadn't got it. 

Kelly had advanced so much in payment on account to 
Lovett's creditors. He must be reimbursed at once. Carried 
ncm, con., much to the satisfaction of Kelly, who thereupon 
declared that he had rather enjoyed the farcical situation of 
the * Bailiff at the Ball ' than otherwise, but at the same 
time he was careful not to treat it as too good a jest, lest we 
should also take that view, and consider him well recouped for 
his outlay by having been the sole member privileged to enjoy 
this bit of fun all to himself. 

First of all we got a whip all round from the committee. 
The next step was to appeal to the Club. We were a little 
afraid of this, as the possible result might be a whip /or the 

Financial Crisis. 143 

committee. However we started with a donation from one of 
our honorary memhers, Mr. Lomax, and five guineas from Mr. 
"VVatt Gibson, an ex-president of the Club. 

Whi^t the exact amount was, it is difficult to ascertain, 
but it was nearer three than two hundred, and, I think, it 
approached close on four. 

However, be that as it may, unexpected aid was afforded 
us by a gentleman who had been elected a member in Oct. 
''^^, but of whom w^e had not seen much at the Club. This 
was Mr. A. F. Sealy of Caius. He sent us word, through 
J. M. Wilson of the same college, our auditor, that he would 
be willing to lend the Club the money at a small per-centage, 
and I need hardly say his offer was accepted with thanks, 
the bond was signed, sealed — or Sealy'd — and the money 
delivered — which was a deliverance indeed ! 

Mr. Sealy also consented to take a portion of his principal 
back from time to time, and so reduce our debt. 

Nothing could be more satisfactory. Every member gave 
one, two and three guineas to our fund. New members were 
elected, and we were ** on velvet." Feb. 7th, 1857, were 
elected — 

Mr. Partridge, of Trin. Coll. proposed by F. V. Wright, 

seconded by K. S. Preston. 
Mr. Gorst, of St. John's, proposed by J. H. Simpson, 

seconded by L. T. Baines. 
Mr. G. Hawes, of Trin. Hall, proposed by , seconded 

by . {No names recorded.) 

Then, on February, 21st were elected — 

F. Davy, Trin. Hall, proposed by , seconded by . 

(No names recorded.) 
J. H. Coclirane, Cains, proposed by C. E. LntAvidge, 

seconded by H. W. Hoffman. 
J. H. Robinson, Magd. Coll., proposed by A. C. Lee, 

seconded by W. P. Lysaght. 

There did not seem to be much chance of a performance 

144 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb. 

this term. Kelly was going down, Fitzgerald the s.amc, 
Charles Donne reading for his voluntary, — which to any but 
a Cantab suggests the notion of going in for an examination 
on the church organ. The ' voluntary ' was the theological 
examination for intending clerics. Other men were reading 
for little-go. 

Just at this time I had somehow, at Long's Hotel, and 
through Lacy the publisher, made the acquaintance of a cer- 
tain theatrical amateur — a captain who has since taken to the 
stage professionally, I believe — who proposed a short tour in 
the provinces, if I could get away from Cambridge and bring 
two friends. Out of seven or eight weeks of the Term, four 
counted as * residence,' and so armed with an "exeat," I 
went with Reginald Kelly and Gerald Fitzgerald, both now 
** Bachelors " and free, and the aforesaid captain, to play at 
Leamington, Bath and Plymouth. These were my first 
appearances on the regular stage. We had a very pleasant 
time of it, and performed Villikins and Jiis Dinah among 
other things, and then I returned to Cambridge in time to 
save my Term. 

On my return we had a meeting, and decided that to allow 
a term to pass without a performance of some sort would be a 
dangerous precedent. 

Only Evelyn Ashley, Cresswell, and myself were free. 
F. C. Wilson consented to play in two pieces, if the part in 
the first was not too long, and if the second were a revival of 
a burlesque. 

We chose The Victor Vanquished, by Charles Dance, in 
which there are only four characters, and Villikins and his 

We had all the scenery. Cresswell took a servant in the 
first piece, and confessed himself unequal to the Baron Boski 
Bumble in the second. Our original Baron (Kelly) was away, 
as also our original Villikins (Fitzgerald). 

As unexpectedly as the pecuniary aid from Mr. A. F. 
Sealy, came the help we needed from Mr. W. H. Baillie, who 

Financial Crisis. 145 

having hitherto confined his services entirely to prompting, 
now wished to be seen as well as heard, and volunteered for 
the part of the Baron. This settled the question. 

On the 26th and 27th of March we played the following 
bill :— 

A. »« C 

This Evening will be phesented, a Comedt, in One 
Act, (by CHARLES DANCE, Esq.), entitled 


Charles the Xllth {King of Sweden^ 

surnartud "The Lion of the North" 

wider the assumed title of Count 

d'Oltrcn) ^Ir. Humphrey Duke. 

Baron Gortz {his scci'ctary) . . . ^Mr. Tom Piehce. 
Olfortz {sei-vant to Baron) . . . Mr. C. Reeswell. 
Stela {niece to the Baron — a Tartar 

princess) Mr. C. Dig by. 

Scene is laid in the Baron's House at Stralsuucl. 

AfTEH which, the awfully tragic, SLIGHTLY' PATHETIC, 

but-not-the-less-on-that-account delightfully comic 
Version (by Mr. F. C. BURNAND) of the story which 
everybody knows as 


Grumbleton Gniffin {a rich Soa]) Mer- 
chant — the original ^'paricnt ") . Mr. ToM Pierce. 

Baron Boski Bnmble {ancesto'r of the 
celebrated Beadle — the lover "so 
galliant and gay'') . . . Mr. H. Bale E. 

William Wilkins {socially and con- 
vivially known as Villikins) . . Mr. Humphrey Duke. 

IN love with 

Dinah Gruffin {"An unkimmon fine 
young gal " — sole daughter of the 
abovementioned merchant) . . Mr. C. Digby. 

Acting Manager— Mr. TOM FIERCE. Stage Manager— Mr. St EWFID. 


Scenery and Appointments hi/ Mexsru. S. J. E. JONES and G. TV. 


146 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C." Canib. 

Our " A. D. C." record says — 

*^ Tills perforinancG ^v as for two nights only. Various cir- 
cumstances prevented the usual strength of the company 
coming forward, Mr. Baillie kindly volunteered and did his 
best as the Baron, Mr, Ashley played Fitzgerald's old part 
of Villikins. There was hardly any expense, Clarkson not 
coming doicn, and no new scenery required. So it gave the 
club a little assistance, and the term was not allowed to pass 
without a performance of some sort. Ashley played the King 
excellently. So for F, C, TVilson as Ikla, and Burnand as 
the Baron. The servant was very amusing, F. C. Wilso7i 
lost none of his ancient glory as the original Dinah.'' 

At a meeting held March 28, same term, it was 

" Proposed by J. M, Wilson, seconded by W. Lysaght, that 
after next term eighteen donors of three guineas shall pay half 
subscriptions for two terms certain, or three if the funds of 
the club admit.'' 

This was carried by a majority of seven. 

** Proposed by CHara, seconded by F. C. Burnand, that a 
Judge and Jury be held in the large roon for three times in 
the term and the club defray expenses up to two p>ounds. 
Members allowed to bring two friends." 

The idea of this was that we were to establish a sort of 
debating society, under the form of Judge and Jury, within the 
*' A. D. C." that the cases should be regularly got up, the 
briefs drawn up, the rules of a court of law, civil or criminal 
ascertained and carried out exactly. It was a capital 
notion, but it was dangerous, as an innovation to the 
**A. D. C." However, we had one meeting, when O'Hara 
showed great skill as a Q. C. engaged for the defence, and 
several of us figured as witnesses in various dresses. The 

Financial Crisis. 147 

Avitnesses were obstreperous, and the stately trial threatened 
to degenerate into an irregular free fight, as the judge wanted 
to come down and assist the police, who, in the execution of 
their duty, had to remove the refractory witnesses, or bring in 
the prisoners. There was also a difficulty in getting any one 
to represent the prisoner. True that, on the model of the cele- 
brated Judge and Jury Society of " Baron" Nicholson's time 
at the Coal Hole, the prisoner was allowed a cigar and what 
he liked to drink, on the condition of paying for it himself, 
and the utmost rigour of the law, if he were found guilty, 
only condemned him to a heavy fine of glasses round, and to 
be transported — with joy, at the issue of the trial. Everyone 
wanted to be the counsel, eveiyone wanted to speak, and no 
one ivould stop to listen to the judge's summing up. In fact 
what with the comic witnesses, the police, and Robert O'Hara 
as counsel, we never got as far as even half-way to a verdict. 

After three trials the Judge and Jury was dropped, and we 
heard no more of it. O'Hara devoted himself entirely to 
the Union Debating Club, and was very rarely seen at the 
" A. D. C." Certainly he never played again on the stage, 
where, henceforth, there was but one Irish star, Rowley Hill, 
under the name of " Mr. Gorman Bourke." 

This brings us to the close of the Lent Term, 1857, and 
consequently to the end of the second year of the " A.D.C.'s" 

A. D. C, YEAR 1856—1857. 

May Term, 185G . . One performance. 
October Term, 185G . . One performance. 
Lent Term, 1857 . . One performance. 

Pieces played. — The Ringdoves, Norma (burlesque). Slasher 
and Crasher, The Jacobite, In for a Holiday, Lord Lovel 
(burlesque). Used Up, Dearest Elizabeth, Victor Vanquished, 
Villikins [revived). 

L 2 



On May llth there was a Committee Meeting, when were 
elected — 

MerthjT? Guest 

. Trinity College. 

— Saunderson 


And on the 18 th — 

H. Snow 

. Jolin's. 

Lord Eichard Grosvenor . 

. Trinity. 

E.C.Clark . 

. Peterliouse. 

The performances commenced on Wednesday, May 20, 
when we plaj-ed A Blighted Being, characters hy R. Pres- 
ton, E. Hill, J. Thornhill, F. C. Burnand, and R. H. 

After which An Unwarrantable Intrusion, Nathaniel 
Snozzle by Mr. Gorst, and the Intruder by Mr. Bur- 

Concluding with, for the first time, a new burlesque, by the 
author of Villikins, St. George, Romance under Difficulties, 
&c., entitled Alonzo the Brave, or Faust and the Fair 
Imogen c. 

May Term, i8^y — Third Year. 149 

Of Eowley Hill, as O'Rafferty in tlie farce of A Blighted 
Being, it is recorded that — 

" He i)layecl it well on both nights, hut "better on the second 
than either of them,'''' 

" As Job Wort,'' says the record, " Burnund made a poor 
Job of it the first night, Friday it tvas very good." 

In R. Hobart for our female characters we were most 
fortunate, and of his Susan Spanker in this farce it is said 
that *' he never looked or ])layed better " than in this 

But there was a scarcity of heroines — the singing and 
dancing heroines — in burlesque, and we should have been 
hard put to it for an Imogene in Alonzo the Brave, had not 
r. C. Wilson * kindly obliged the company ' by coming from 
town to play this character. 

I copy verbatim from the records a sort of apology for the 
comparative failure of our first night's performance : — 

" We must here give a short account of Wednesday's 
proceedings, and show canse ivhy the performances upon this 
night were not so good as they might have been : — At the be- 
ginning of the day everyone was fairly tired out by the dress 
rehearsal (8 p.7n. till 1) of the burlesque on the previous 

(I wonder how that one o'clock was managed? Under- 
graduates had to be in by midnight.) 

" A new piece as a makeshift was settled upon on Tuesday 
afternoon (The Umvarrantable Intrusion) and Messrs. Gorst 
and Burnand learnt it from one book, and rehearsed it twice 
Wednesday afternoon, from one till tiuo, and from five till six, 
and this piece 2vas played ivithout needing a prompter. The 
last rehearsal of A Blighted Being took place on Wednesday 

150 Personal Reminiscejices of the ''A.D.CJ' Camb. 

afternoon, as also several of the songs and some of the 
* hitcliing ' business of the burlesque ; so that from twelve till 
six the time ivas taken up ivitli rehearsal, and everyone came 
to the performance fagged and out of spirits. 

*'The Unwarrantable Intrusion ivent very well. Mr. 
Gorst made his debut very successfully, and by his universal 
tvillingness and good nature on and off the stage, proved him- 
self to be several degrees removed from a wrangler.'' 

This alluded to Mr. Gorst's being if not ' a noble 
lord ' at least ' of high degree.' He only played here 

As for the burlesque I find that — 

" Mr. Bowleg played Faust in Faust-rate style.'' 

This joke is signed " T. T." so I suppose it was perpe- 
tuated by Tom Thornhill. 

Julius Eowley got all the part in his head except two lines, 
which he never could master. These were — 

(Aside.) Well, of two evils, I the least must choose; 
{Aloud to Dame.) As you're so pressing, I can't well refuse. 
Accept my hand. 

Which he invariably gave thus, — 

Of two evils, I the least must choose, 
As you're so pressing, here's my hand. 

On which, one record has this note, signed "A." — (Evelyn 
Ashley ?) 

" This STANZA as it stands, sir, does not seem to come out 
with a very harmonious eoll, eh ? {Roivl-ey)." 

Here is the fac-simile of a pen and ink sketch of Mephisto- 

May Terjji, iS^y — Third Year 


pheles, clone by a very constant attendant at our perform- 
ances, Mr. Johnston of Trinity, who, during our under- 
graduateship, illustrated an absurd poem of mine called 
" Croke." 

Johnston, fecit- 

F. C. Bur.NAND AS Mepiiistopiieles. 

Scene I. — {Thimdcr-r-Lightning. Enter 3fe2jh{stopheles through window.) 
" Good evening, Doctor ! " 

152 Pe7'S07ial Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CJ' Carnb. 

" The account of this piece in our book is interspersed with 
all sorts of absurd remarks signed by different people, into 
whose hands the book fell, for of course it was open to 
any member to read. Here is an example, copied ex- 
actly : — 

^^ Sijhel, Mr. Thornhill made a good deal of nothing 
{vide business ivith jam pots). 

" Note by Mr. Ashley — He played this part as if it had been 
tvrittenfor Mm.'' 

(So it ivas, stupid. The author.) 

Then of Imogeneii is said — 

F. C. Wilson kindly came from town to play this j^art, and 
played it admirably. The success of his performance icas 
*' the Cachiica'' accompanied by Mephistopheles on the casta- 
nets, and Faust on the tambourine. This ivas nightly 

Then is added in another hand — 

" In fact Mr. Wilson did take steps to delight his 

Mr. A. C. Lee is praised for his efficient prompting, and 
Messrs. Lutwidge and Hoffman, to whom was entrusted the 
duty of looking after the thunder and lightning for the 
entrance of Mephistopheles in the first scene — which was a 
faithful imitation of Charles Kean's arrangement at the 
Princess's — are memorable in the " A. D. C." annals as 
" The Boanerges, or Sons of Thunder." 

Of Mr. Hoffman separately it is said that he lightened 
the heavy business, and of Mr. Lutwidge that he might 
have been appointed by Sir Eobert Peel as Master of the 

Thursday evening we played, with the following cast, Tom 

May Tcnn, i8^j — Third Year, 153 

Taylor's capital dramatic version of Charles de Bernard's 
novelette Le Gendre, 



Jlr. Potter .... 

. Mr. E. Johnson. 

Captain Hawkslt-y 

. Mr. ILuvLEV Charles. 

John Mildmay .... 

. :Mr. Humph UKY Duke. 




. Mr. D'Uleymer. 


. Mr. K. Phipps. 


. Mr. P. Hef.lrk. 

Jessop . 

. Mr. Cp.esswell. 

Mrs. Milduiay .... 

. Mr. C. DiciBY. 

Mrs. Hector Sternliol.l . 

. Mr. L. FvNNE. ! 

This, being a three act comedy- drama of considerable 
serious interest, would have been rather too much of an under- 
taking for us, had it not been that, besides several who had 
played in Used Up and The Jacobite — the most successful 
programme we had as yet put forward — we had an excellent 
representative of Mrs. Mildmay in Mr. C. Digby. All the 
other parts fitted the men like a glove. 

On this occasion a very serious incident occurred. The last 
scene represents the drawing-room of Mildmay's house during 
the maiivais quart dlieure preceding dinner, when old 
Potter — excellently played by R. Kelly — has to receive 
the visitors. In order to give importance to the finish of the 
drama, we had increased the number of guests, and anyone 
who wanted to come on and say a few vrords as one of "old 
Potter's guests," had been incited by the stage-manager to do 
so. We had several volunteers, who all came to a rehearsal. 
One gentleman — Mr. D'Uleymer — was most anxious about his 
part. He had three lines to speak, I think, and having con- 
sulted me as to his dress, decided on a bran new suit, a flower 
in his button-hole, and a good half-hour at the hair-dresser's 
before appearing at old Potter's party. He was to be "Captain 
Langford," and was so announced in the bill. Unfortunately, 

154 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.d' Canib. 

the only rehearsal he attended was without scene or properties. 
He was satisfied with being perfect in his words, which were, I 
think, *' How are you, Potter ? " and then, in reply to Potter, 
" Deuced cold," or something of that sort ; and, as he saw no 
door and no scene at all, it never occurred to him to inquire 
where he was to enter. He knew nothing of any other stage, 
and very little of ours. We were so hard up for space, that 
Mildmay's drawing-room had to be set right up to the back 
wall, where a conservatory was represented, about two inches 
deep, widening towards the left, i.e., prompt side, by about two 
inches or so more, just to enable anyone, not very portly, to 
squeeze himself in between the scene and the wall, and then 
gradually to screw himself out, expanding as he stepped in sight 
of the audience, and throwing open his dress-coat, as though 
he had lounged at his ease, into the drawing-room, through 
the conservatory. Mildmay, who had to enter at back by the 
conservatory, was crushed up in this manner for a second 
before the curtain rose, as, the scene being one composed 
of screen pieces, it was so arranged that all the characters 
had to be at these entrances on the left hand side, hefore the 
curtain went up, or they couldnt come on at all. 
This is a ground-plan of the scene — 

a. Entrance from Green-rocni on to Stage on 0. P. (Opposite Prompt) 
— i.e., R. H. side. h. h. h. The back wall of the building itself. 

c. The Conservatory — -where Mildmay was hiding previous to receiving his cue. 
d. d. The walls of scene. c. Door of entrance for guests, 

/. Door of entrance for Mrs. Mildmay, &c. g. The Prompter. 

h. , on 0. P. side, a fire-place. 

May Term, i8^j — Third Year. 155 

So it will be at once apparent that there was no passage at 
the back for the guests, and all the entrances were on the 
iwomi^t side , farthest from the green room. 

Now our screens did double duty ; one side would be painted 
as an attic and the other as a drawing-room, the openings 
being filled up either with doors, windows, or fire place as the 
scene might require. 

It so happened that " /i." the opening where the fire-place 
was, represented on the side away from the audience^ a door. 

Everyone was in his place for the rising of the curtain, 
except D'Ule}Tner, who was still beautifying, and who hadn't 
the shghtest idea of the difficulties to be encountered. 

Up went the curtain ; on went the scene. Keginald 
Kelly received his guests, fidgeted, wondered where on earth 
Captain Langford was, looked round, saw no one, went on 
talking about the weather to the other guests, every now and 
then casting an appealing look first to the door, and then to the 
prompter, who was energetically making signs to D'Uleymer, 
whom he could just see at the opposite corner, and shouting 
in a hoarse whisper "Come on!" which sounded like an 
invitation to a pugilistic encounter. 

Kelly, aware of some hitch, contrived to go on with an im- 
promptu vapid conversation, quite in keeping wdth old Potter's 
part, and, in the meantime, the unhappy D'Uleymer was on 
the stage on the wrong side, i.e., 0. P. instead of P. S., 
utterly helpless, incapable of squeezing round by the back, or 
as far as he saw, of getting on at all. 

The prompter gave it up as hopeless, and struck with a 
brilliant idea, he sent on Jessop, the servant, to say to Potter, 
*' Captain Langford's compliments, sir, but he's very unwell, 
and can't come." 

" Hey? veiy unwell — can't come — dear me, how very sad," 
exclaimed Potter, heartily glad that the difficulty was got over, 
and expecting Mrs. Sternhold to enter, and the piece to 

But D'Uleymer was not going to be done out of his appear- 

156 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb. 

ance on the stage in a speaking part after all liis trouble with 
the tailor and the hairdresser. If a brilliant idea had occurred 
to our prompter for cutting him out of the piece, an equally 
brilliant idea had occurred to D'Uleymer of putting himself 
back again. 

Before him, on the 0. P. side, was a door. Evidently a 
door. He was in happy ignorance of the fact that what was 
a door to him, was, on the other side, a chimney-piece and 
fire-place to the audience. To D'Uleymer it was a simple 
door, and "nothing more." He had only got to pull it 
towards him, and he was on the scene. " What could it pos- 
sibly matter," he argued with himself, "whether Captain 
Langford came in right or left ? " So acting on the impulse, 
and, just as Kelly was standing on the hearth-rug rubbing 
his hands, with his back to the fire, sayingf — 

" Dear me ! I'm very sorry Langford can't come," he heard 
a strange noise behind him, and turning round, he saw, to his 
utter dismay, the looking glass over the mantel-piece suddenly 
disappearing, mantel-piece and all, and in its place appeared 
Langford' s head and shoulders in all the glory of a white tie, 
open front, and flower in his button-hole, while through the 
chimney came his legs, thus revealing the entire gentleman 

Kelly literally staggered to the centre of the stage as if he 
had seen a ghost, and uttered so strong an expression in good 
old Saxon as to make the audience shout with laughter. But 
D'Uleymer never lost his presence of mind, in fact he was not 
aware, till afterwards, iliat he had come down the chimney to 
the dinner-party. So there he stood smiling and undismayed, 
the welcome but unexpected guest. 

*' How are you, Potter ? " he said, quite coolly, extending 
his hand. " Couldn't come before, I lost my w^ay." 

"Lost your w^ay ! " gasped Kelly, who hadn't yet recovered, 
" you must have — with a vengeance — why you've come down 
the chimney ! " 

D'Uleymer turned, and for the first time became aware that 

May Term, iS^J — Third Year. 157 

he had not made his entry through the door. He had no 
reply ready, except " Well, yes — you see — it's a very fine 
day," as though the state of the weather would satisfactorily 
account for his preferring to come down the chimney, instead 
of in at the door. Then he simpered, twiddled his watch- 
chain, and fell into his place among the other guests, as 
though he really had no further explanation to offer, and con- 
sidered it rather ill-bred of Potter to have made any remark 
on the mode of his guest's arrival. 

The reason for his coming down the chimney, subsequently 
given, at supper, was that "he wanted to show his new soof." 

It was hard work for the piece to recover this shock. But 
it went on well to the end, and was repeated on Saturday 
night with the burlesque. It was on this occasion that the 
representative of Mrs. Mildmay secreted Mrs. Sternhold's 
jewels and wore them herself, as I have already mentioned. 

We were now getting on with what we called the * Lovett- 
Sealy fund,' and the book shows a fair list of subscriptions, 
signed by "E. Ashley, Hon. Sec." 

On the 29th May, Committee dinner at Merthyr Guest's, 
when we found our expenses for performance had been thirty 
pounds, and our subscriptions forty. And on June 4th we 
had a general meeting and an anniversary supper, when 
Evelyn Ashley announced that we were only £130 in debt, 
and that everything was satisfactory. I resigned my office 
as Acting Manager, giving an account of all the performances 
from the commencement, and Rowley Hill was elected to 
occupy my post. 

The Committee were — 

A. C. Lee 

. President. 

R. Hill 

. . Acting Manager, 

M. Guest 

. Stage Manager. 

W. Lvsaglit 

. . Treasurer and Sec. 

— Evans 

. Prompter. 

K. Snow . 

. . Auditor. 

I find in a note that the exact amount owing at this moment 

158 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb. 

was £200, so tliat our retiring secretary took a cheerful view of 
the matter. Perhaps he calculated on the new subscriptions 
for the next term, which would reduce it by about that sum, 
or he took into account the Sealy-Lovett fund. But beyond 
these notes there is no financial statement, and we evidently 
got on well enough without it. 

As to the supper, I have tried to obtain particulars of it from 
members who were present on that occasion, but no one can re- 
collect anything about it, everyone having a generally vague im- 
pression that it was * great fun.' 

" ' Ah that I cannot tell,' said he. 
But t'was a glorious victory." 

Somebody wrote to me to say that he thought he remem- 
bered having a fight under the table with another man who 
would squeeze lemons and empty powdered sugar on his head, 
under the delusion that he was making some sort of cup; 
but my informant is far from certain as to facts. Some- 
body else asked me if I didn't remember one of the party, 
unable to find his way back to college, passing the night among 
the beer barrels which were stored up in the yard of the Hoop 
Brewery. But if these things happened, I do not remember 
them ; I can only find an incomplete record of the names of 
members and visitors, commenced unsteadily, and abruptly 
terminated. Was it attempted by our secretary at the table 
itself ? This could scarcely have been, or it would not be in 
my possession now. 

With this festivity the May Term, 1857, as far as the 
*' A. D. C." was concerned, ended. 



During " tlie Long " I had been introduced at Beaumaris 
Castle to Mr. Quintin Twiss by Lord Eichard Grosvenor, 
who thereby did a signal service to the *' A. D. C," for 
Quintin Twiss, being an Oxford Man, was eligible as a member 
of the *' A. D. C," and I promised to propose him next term, 
when he hoped to be able to act for us. He had already 
a great reputation as an amateur actor, and the "A. D. C." 
of Cambridge has since been gi'eatly indebted to him for his 
kindly assistance on many occasions. 

Of course Quintin Twiss was duly proposed, seconded, and 
elected as early as possible in the October Term, during 
which our numbers were increased by the accession of 

Cresswell Tayleur . 

. Emmanuel Coll 

W. C. Strecatfielcl 

. Trin. Coll. 

T. G. Pearse . 

. Caius. 

F. A. Hudson . 

. Trin. Coll. 

H. Arkwright 


Honble. J. Leigh 


Honble. Lionel Ashlev . 


R. Wingfield Digby \ 


The ' Theatrical Week,' as it was now termed, began Nov. 
18th, first performance, and the last performance was on the 
21st. Four nights. 

The occasion was memorable as the debut of Quintin 
Twiss on our boards, and as the first appearance of 

i6o Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

Eowley Hill as the author of an original burlesque which 
was performed every night. 

Here is the programme of the first nights of this series. 

A« »« C 

This Evening (WEDNESDAY), will be phesented the 
Faiice entitled 


Mr. Nupkins .... 

Major Capsicum . 

Frederick ..... 



Caroline .... 
Mrs. Capsicum .... 

;^^r. jimboly. 

Mr. U. Glycove. 


Mr. Nix. 

I\Ir. F. HooLiSH. 

Mr. B. Agpipe. 

After which, will be peiiformed 


(A Farce, in 

Mr. Samuel Snozzle . 

Mr. Spriggius 

Mr. C. Markliam 

Lieut. Spike 

Pounce {a detect itc cfficcr) . 

Joseph {a v:aitcr) 


Telegi-apliic Clerk 

Guard .... 

Miss Fanny Spriggins . 

E Act.) 

]\rr. Oliver Twist. 
Mr. Nix. 

Mr. HrMPHRF.Y Duke. 
Mr. Gorman Bourke. 
]\Ir. U. Glycove. 
jyir. Caston. 
]\Ir. K. Arrois. 
Mr. F. HooLiSH. 


Mr. B. Agpipe. 

Scene —T UNB 11 ID G E. 


Two Acts, entitled 


Or, me DORA'S 



Kedschid Seyd {the Sultan's Prime 

Minister — "« Great Gun" Conrai 

If ished to fire) .... Mr. NiX. 

Conrad {a Roving Pirate, who hauled 

cff other s property ; in fact, "he was 

a man'" — take him for haulin' -all — 

yoicll never look vpcn his like again) ]\Ir. E. Polee. 

October Terniy iS^y. i6i 

Jumbo (a Plotting Lieutenant, one of 
those warlike characters who liJce fol- 
lowing their ^' Mars'" at home) . Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Medora {the girl Conrad left behind 
him) Mr. R. Krong. 

Gulnare {the Harem Queen, who showed 
her sense in not liking to he the wife 
of a ''Seed") .... Mr. L. Etterbt. 

Chorus, Turks, Guests, Pirates, etcsetera— especially etcsetera. 


Scene I. — The Island Home of the Corsair. 
Scene II. — Apartments in the house of Jumbo. 
Scene III. — Seyd's Palace during the Turkish Festival 
of the Muzzymuzzum. 

Invasion of the Pirates !— Abduction of Gulnare ! ! TERRIFIC 

Scene I. — Prison in Seyd's Palace. 
Scene II. — Island Home of the Corsair, — a run with 
the YiVQ-g, and 


Scenery by Mestrt. BROWN, JONES, and ROBINSON. 

Costumes by Mr. W. CLARKSON, 16, Oreat Russell Street, Covent Garden. 

Decorations by Mr. GAGE. Acting Manager— Mr. GORMAN BOURKE. 

Stage Manager— Mr. M. HOST. Prompter— Mr. A. ZURESKY. 

Key to the names is — 

Mr, Jimholy is Hon. J. Leigh ; Mr, U, Glycove, K. Pres- 
ton ; Mr. Huddaughter, Hudson ; Mr, Gorman Boiirke, 
Rowley Hill ; Mr, Nix, H. Snow ; Mr. F, Hoolish, Cress- 
well Tayleur ; Mr, B, Agpipe, R. H. Hobart ; Mr. Oliver 
Twist, Quintin Twiss ; Mr. Humphrey Duke, Hon. Evelyn 
Ashley ; Mr. Caston, Mr. Digby ; Mr. K, Arrots, Streat- 
field ; Mr, R. Krong, H. Arkwright ; Mr. L. Etterby, Hon. 
Lionel Ashley. 

The first night My Friend in Straps signally failed, owing 
to want of rehearsal. In the emphatic words of the record — 

** The performers, ivith the exception of Mr. Snow, came on 
the stage with very vague ideas about their exits and entrances j 

1 62 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.Cy Camb, 

dec, {especially the etccetera) — which circumstance, added to a 
very complicated scene, caused a complete mucker J^ 

The last word ' mucker ' is very expressive. 

For the next three nights, as the lever du rldeau, was 
played The Practical Man, the rest of the bill being the 

The failure of My Friend in Straps was redeemed by the 
great success of To Paris and Back for Five Pounds ; and 
after the report of the first night had got about, the fame 
of our new honorary member Quintin Twiss attracted the 
largest audiences ever known at that time in our very small 

The note here is copied verbatim from the records : — 

" N.B. — Snozzle, tvho had come down from toivn on pur- 
pose to take the part, did it to perfection, and by his great 
humour and originality, brought down unbounded applause ! 
He has particularly requested that it should be made known 
for the benefit of posterity that his shirt front was not painted 
on this occasion, {Vide picture),'^ 

This allusion is to the studs, which were very large, and 
Preston had suggested that to avoid losing them, it would be 
safer to paint them on the shirt front. It was supposed that 
Quintin Twiss had adopted this suggestion ; and it was gra- 
dually circulated, and generally believed, that in private life, 
Mr. Twiss was in the habit of painting studs on his shirt 
front, in which art it was said he had arrived at such per- 
fection as to defy the most severe scrutiny. 

Everyone was examining the effect closely; some even 
brought opera glasses to see * the man who painted studs on 
his shirt front.' Extra tickets at increased prices, it was 
stated, were sold every night in order to gratify the curiosity 
of numbers who were compelled to come early, and submit 
to be squashed, in order to get a sight of the celebrated 
painted studs. 

October Term^ 1^57' 163 

Members of the " A. D. C." came round into the green 
room to ask him if they really were painted, and if so, to show 
them how he did it. At about the hundredth repetition of 
the question, " I say, Twiss, do you paint your studs ?" our 
new Star began to think he had had enough of the joke, and 
proclaimed aloud to all assembled in the green room, that, in 
order to avoid further unnecessary trouble, he wished it pub- 
licly known that he did not paint his studs, that he never had, 
painted his studs, and did not intend to. 

This was received with acclamation. 

The noise attracted the attention of the audience, who were 
awaiting the commencement of the burlesque, and some 
among them knocked at our stage door to ask for an explana- 
tion. The opportunity was too good to be lost, and some one 
stepping forward, announced in a loud voice at the door of the 
auditorium that " Mr. Twiss did not paint his studs as a 
rule, but that perhaps to-morrow night he might do so, to 

This was inaudible to the Star in the green room, who, the 
following evening, was not a little astonished to see that the 
number of lorgnettes was increased, and was again bothered by 
several members, strangers to him hitherto, who were waiting 
about the green room most anxious to be introduced to 
Quintin Twiss, who, accustomed by this time to reiterated 
offers of hospitality — he could have dined and supped out 
six times in an evening had he been so inclined, not to men- 
tion luncheons and breakfasts — merely thought that each of 
them was coming with some fresh invitation, which he re- 
gretted his inability to accept. But now the form generally 
was put dramatically in this way — 

Smith {inactive member of '^ A. D. C" to stage manager or 
some one in authority) — I say, introduce me to Twiss, there's 
a good fellow. 

Stage Manager {hurriedly). — All righi. Here, come on ! 
I say, Twiss ! {apjproaching him). 

M 2 

164 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C!' Camb, 

TxvuB (pausing in the process of making up for Snozzle), — 
Yes ; what is it ? 

Stage Manager. — Here, I want to introduce Smith to you 
— (Tiviss smiles, and hows, and says that as Tw'iss he is de- 
lighted, hut as Snozzle he must proceed with his *' make- 


Smith (apologetically), — Oh, I won't interrupt you. I'm 
sure we have to thank you immensely — (Tiviss as Snozzle 
smiles, and deprecates further compliment). Can you come to 
supper this evening ? 

Twiss (pleasantly), — Thanks — I'm afraid I can't — I'm 
going to Hill's (continues Snozzling). 

Smith (ivho is not going to IlilVs). — Ah ! I wish you'd been 
able to manage it — (Twiss, intent on finishing himself as 
Snozzle, expresses, in pantomime, his despair at heing pre- 
viously engaged, loondering to himself tvho the deuce Smith is) 
— but — I want to ask you something — (Twiss assumes an 
affahle expression, and pauses with a harems foot in his hand, 
and one cheek rouged, ready to afford any information in his 
poiver, and Smith continues hesitatingly) — um — ah — do you 
— do you paint your studs ? 

Whereat there would be a roar from the listeners, in which 
our Star couldn't help joining. 

He thought he had heard the last of it when he went down 
after playing on Saturday, Nov. 21st, but immediately he had 
left, it was carefully entered into our record book by a hand 
that I do not recognise ; and here I find this joke embedded — 
a joke which ranks among those that are " so funny at the 
time," and depend for their success so entirely on the circum- 
stances and the situation — a joke which, as the record says, is 
preserved for the sake of *' posterity," — and no doubt some 
amongst us will remember the pertinacity of the members, 
and the long-suffering of our honorary member twenty- three 
years ago. 

Another incident was that on his entering the '* A. D. C." 

October Term, i8^y. 165 

rooms, where I took him immediately on his arrival, Preston 
was the first to be introduced to him, and being a trifle dazzled 
by the theatrical reputation of our visitor, he became con- 
fused, and beyond some remark about it being a fine day, 
when it happened to be raining heavily, was unable to start 
any subject of conversation, and fidgeted about nervously 
until a brilliant idea seemed to occur to him, which, beaming 
all over as at a triumph of genius, he formulated in this 
question — 

" Will you have some soup ?'* 

Twiss was quite taken aback by the sudden politeness, and 
for a second was puzzled how to reply. As this was his first 
visit to the University, he was a little uncertain whether this 
offer of soup were, like the presentation of the loving cup at a 
civic banquet, or the vin cVhonneur in France, a custom pe- 
culiar to Cambridge, which it would be a breach of good 
manners to decline, or whether it was only an impulse of 
spontaneous hospitality which a prior engagement prevented 
him from accepting. 

Preston, however, would take no denial ; he seemed to think 
that soup would act in some magic manner on Quintin Twiss's 
constitution, and ordered a basin of some thick stuff from the 
Hoop ; but, as we were compelled to leave before the soup was 
ready, Dick Preston had to stay and eat it himself. The 
story of the soup got about, and in reviewing Preston as Joli 
Coeiir in Blue Beard in the Lent Term of '58, I find this re- 
mark, which concludes a long critique on what appears to 
have been a first-rate performance, " His onad scene, his 
defiance of Ahomeliqiie — his pathetic maniacal verse — his 
hoop-de-dooden-doo tag — were all hits, — he wanted but one 
thing — * More Souji /' ** 

A joke soon became traditional at the " A. D. C." when it 
had been once started — and for years standing jokes were 
never allowed to drop. When worn out by use, they are still 
to be found in our Museum of Curiosities, or Kecord Book, 
though who the various recording angels were, I am at a loss 

ib6 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb. 

to discover, except when I recognise the handwriting, or 
come across a signature. 

The " chaff " is rough but good-natured, and there are 
hardly any severe criticisms. 

Mr. Digby in To Paris and Back so distinguished himself 
as the Waiter, that it was pronounced to be henceforth his 
peculiar line, and, henceforth, any waiter's or page's part 
should fall as of right to Mr. Digby. He had his photograph 
taken in this character. 

Our collection of photographs was fast increasing, but, 
twenty-four years ago, photography, at Cambridge at least, 
had not been brought to anything like its present perfec- 
tion, the consequence being that many of our earliest photo- 
gi-aphs are partially faded, and some so completely as to be 

Even now a collection could be easily made, as many of 
our first photographs have been preserved in portfolios 
by individual members. In the hope that the " A. D. C." 
at Cambridge will become a permanent institution, with 
its examination and prizes, as " an extra " duly authorised 
by the governing body, former members would be glad 
to contribute duplicates of the photos in their posses- 
sion for the sake of compiling an historical " A. D. C." 

To return to the performance of this term, Rowley Hill's 
burlesque was a great success. 

" As * Conrad ' Mr. Julius Rowley " says the faithful 
record, ** sang very well ; but, as he says himself , * acting is 
not his forte.' In reciting poetry, too, he has a singular habit 
of making such ivords as * ^^wJcZi?!^ ' and * crocodile ' rhyme, 
tvhich gives the audience a very peculiar idea of ivhat the 
author intended to say.'* 

I wonder if the author himself penned this remark? I 
think so. 

Unfortunately there is no further notice of this burlesque. 

October Term, i8^y. 167 

The opposite page was, it appears from its heading, intended 
to be devoted to a critique on the Practical Man (characters 
by Tom Pierce, Huddaughter, Nix, U. Glycove, C. Keeper, 
Pickles, and K. King), but the intention came to nothing, 
and there is only a blank where the notice ought to have 

The summary of performances for 1857, however, says — 

" This was one of the Club's most successful performances. 
Everything ivent capitally, with the solitary exception of * My 
Friend in the Straps.' On the Friday night there ivere 120 in 
the house, including members, and nearly fifty were turned 
away from the door.'' 

This extra attraction is attributable to the curiosity about 
the " painted studs." 

^^ An extra night was given, ivhen the * Practical Man,' 
* To Paris' and the Burlesque were played, Mr. Twlss made 
a great hit. The ' Practical* was another. The acting of all 
the members xvas a great improvement upon former occasions ; 
yet, * meliora spcram^is.' We regretted the absence of some of 
our old and valued members, F. C. Wilson, Kelly, Donne, 
Fitzgerald; but even the * Used Up' and * Jacobite' time did 
not equal this." 

In spite of this contemporary criticism, I still adhere to my 
expressed opinion as to the superior excellence of Used up 
and The Jacobite. 

There was certainly a great enthusiasm about this perform- 
ance, which introduced Quintin Twiss, and, with him, the 
" star system " to our boards, which continued for many years 
afterwards, until later on it was found, that, to depend upon 
the exertions of the non-resident and honorary members for 
the performances, was injurious to the club and unfair to 
the rising talent — or, as we used to call it, "local talent " — 
among the resident members, and so, recently, the star system 

1 68 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C* Camb, 

has been abolished, the "A. D. C." relying solely and only 
on * local talent.' * 

This brought the theatrical week to a close. It had 
inaugurated a new era in our history. 

The remainder of the Term was devoted to business meet- 
ings and elections. 

Dec. 7. — '^ Proposed hy Sealy, seconded by Preston, that the 
Club elect memherSf and that one black ball in five excludes. 
Carried by a majority of six. 

" That any member of the Committee shall have the power 
to enforce finest' 

Kecord of debt, dSlSO. Signed by W. P. Lysaght, Sec. and 

So we were about ' as we were ' in the previous Term. 

Then we passed another rule as to rehearsals, which were 
always our difficulty : 

" That no acting member , or the prompter, be allowed to miss 
a rehearsal in the last week previous to the perfoi^m- 
ance on any consideration whatever,^* 

This is severe. No excuse ! But notice how *' or the 
prompter " is introduced. He had inadvertently congratulated 
himself on not being an ** acting member," and therefore not 
amenable to the fine. But this didn't serve him, and the 
amendment settled him — 

" Unless notice be given to the Acting Manager 

three days previously. Fine for total absence, one 

This was severe on the Total Abstainer. 

* Perhaps an exception might be made in favour of a *' Quarter-centenary 
Anniversary," which would be in the May Term of 1880. A very strong 
team might be got together for the occasion. 

October Term, i8^y, 169 

We then went into tlie question of Club voting, and de- 
cided that the ballot was to be open for three days. After 
this we settled that the subscriptions should be increased to 
enable us to take rooms, as a club, apart from theatrical pur- 
poses, to include reading and writing rooms, &c. 

We were expanding. 

Hitherto the subscription had been one guinea per term, 
now it was doubled. But the difficulty was to find the rooms. 
The large one was still devoted to bilUards, and of course we 
didn't wish to move our stage and our stock of scenery and 
properties from our present homely quarters. 

Our old friend Jones had long since disappeared, but his 
name, coupled with "Brown" and ** Kobinson," appears for 
the last time in this term's bill, in connection with the 

Mr. Gage was the paid local artistic talent, but in the year 
1857 C. Lutwidge, of Trin. Coll., painted a proscenium for us, 
representing the figures of Tragedy and Comedy standing in 
niches under the busts of Shakespeare and Moliere. A scroll 
ran along the width of the proscenium with the motto " All 
the world's a stage," and the club initials, ** A. D. C," in the 
centre. The same amateur artist also painted for us " the 
conservatory flat " in Still Waters — a very eflfective set-piece 
— and some other set pieces for the burlesque of Turkish 
Waters and Lord Lovel, He had also commenced a design 
for an act- drop. 

The painting-room at the " A. D. C," which was of course 
the stage itself, might have been, and may yet be converted, 
into a school of art. 

As we came to depend more on our members for everything, 
stage carpentry, stage mechanism, painting, &c., so we 
dispensed with all extraneous help, and Lutwidge and 
Merthyr Guest— a worthy successor of our first manager, 
Polwhele — might be seen, in paper caps and aprons, hard 
at real work on the stage, thus saving the Club great ex- 
pense, while adding to the interest of the performance, and 

170 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Canib. 

strengthening their own personal attachment to the society 

These traditions remain, and the offices of stage manager, 
and assistant stage manager, and scenic artist have never 
heen sinecures at the *' A. D. C." 


LENT TERM, 1858. 

I HAD now taken my degree, and this was to be my last 
term as a resident member of the "A. D. C." 

We began by annulling, at a general meeting, the rule of 
the former term about the ballot, and we returned to election 
by committee. 

Whereupon we elected : 

H. Dent (Trin. Coll.) Proposed by W. P. Lysaglit, Tiiii., 

secontled by Eowley Hill, Trin. 
C. Weguelln (Trin. Coll.). Proposed by Hon. L. Ashley, 

Trin., seconded by Hon. J. Leigh, Trin. 
Bamett, (Trin.). Proposed by Hon. J. Leigh, Trin., 

seconded by Eowley Hill, Trin. 
Knapp (Emmanuel). Proposed by Cresswell Tayleur, 

Trin., seconded by W. H. Evans, Trin. 

And H. Robinson of Magdalen, was elected prompter, our 
former prompter, Mr. H. Baillie,. seconding the nomination. 

The minutes now appear in a clear running hand, kept in 
a most orderly manner, and signed " W. P. Lysaght." 

Feh» 24. — F. C, Biirnand proposed as President, vice Evans 
Mcrthyr Guest as stage manager. 
Both elected unanimously. 

172 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D. d' Camb, 

Feb. 25. — Committee meeting at the President" s rooms. 
Were elected — 

Lord Pelham (Trin. Coll.). Proposed by W. P. Lysaglit, 

seconded by Hon. J. W. Leigh. 
Hon. E. O'Brien. Proposed by Hon. L. Ashley, seconded 

by W. H. Baillie. 
Lord Brecknock. Proposed by Hon. J. W. Leigh, seconded 

by W. P. Lysaght. 

Then we passed seven resolutions as to non-payment of 
subscriptions and posting defaulters, and determined that no 
member of the Committee should be either a proposer or 

Our theatrical week commenced on Tuesday, March 9th, 
with the comedietta of A Loan of a Lover, the farce of Two 
Heads are Better than One, and the burlesque. 

Here is the bill of the second nights 

i5L« »« C 

On Wednesday, March 10th, 1858, will be perfobmed 
THE Farce, entitled 


Mr. Strange 
Mr. Maxvvelton . 
Master Samuel {his Son) . 
Charles Conquest . 
Miss Strange 

After which, a Farce, 

Mr. Marmaduke Mouser 
Mr. Christopher Crummy 
Mrs. Mouser 

Mr. K. Arrots. 
Mr. IT. Glycove. 
Mr. Jim Boly. 
Mr. Huddaughter, 
Mr. T. HucKEGS. 

IN One Act, entitled 


. Mr. Tom Pierce. 

, . Mr. Gorman Bourke. 

. Mr. Kickensnau. 

Betsy Baker (a laundress) . . . Mr. B. Agpipes. 

After which the Nursery-known, Child-delighting, 
Baby-thrilling, Adult-tickling, Blazing Extrava- 
ganza, with Original Songs, entitled 


Baron Abomelique [the celebrated 

Lcuhj-killer, surnamed Blue-Beard Mr. ToM Pierce. 
Joli Coinr {a nice young man in love 

with Fleurctte) .... Mr, U. Glycove. 

Lent Term, 18^8. 173 

0" SI lack O'Back {groom of the Blue 

Cluimbcr and '^Hcad " Valet to the 

Baron) Mr. GoKMAN Bourke. 

Bras (le Fer and Longue Epee {Fleii- 

rctte's two brothers, very sharp 

blades) Messrs.ToppY& Poppy. 

Fleurette (a vewy poothij keathur) . . Mr. T. Huckeos. 
Anne {^ Sister* Anne) . . . Mr. B. Agpipes. 
Dame Perroquet {Motlier of the above 

young ladies) ... . Mr, JiM BoLY. 

Margot {A waiting maid) . . , Mr. Kickensnait. 
A Page {one unread in history) , . Mr. D'Hummi. 

Officers and Gentlemen of Blue Beard's ITonsehold, ti;c., form- 
ing a Procession, and Chorus unequalled in anything of a 
similar character {on this occasion only) by Messrs. W. Barlow, 
S, Hall, Eeuben Wright, and the Batcatchefs Daughter, 


{Jones and Gage. ) 
**Call me early, mother dear" — Arrival of Blue Beard — 
Tlie momentous question — Who's afraid ? — And the scene 
changes to 



The forlorn maiden — Reviving effects from a blow on the nose 

— "Tink a tink " — Return of the maniage party, who will be 

found collected in 


{Jones. ) 
The happiest day of his life — Urgent private affairs — Departure 
of Abomelique — 

Scene IV.— "THE BLUE CHAMBER."— ((?a^e.) 
A h(eadifying sight) ! — Awful disclosure ! ! ! 

Scene V.— " ANTICHAMBER." 
Fleurette and Anne on the key vive ! — What can the matter be ? 
— The maniac — The conspiracy — 

Scene VI. and last.— " CASTLE TERRACE." 
Return of Blue Beard — Fleurette seized with terrors (terrace) 
wishes she could slope — Investigation ! — Accusation ! ! — 
Refutation ! ! ! — Deputation ! ! ! ! — Agonization! ! ! ! 1 — Frater- 
nization ! ! ! ! ! ! — Fight in which (A) shone !!!!!!! — Flum- 
bustification !!!!!!!! — Ending in a general congratula- 
tion !!!!!!!!! 

Stage Manager— Mr. M. HOST. Acting Manager— Mr. G. BOURKE. 

Property Manager— Mr. A. PENNIE. Prompter— Mr. E. CRUSOE. 

Scenery by E. OAGE, of Sidney Street, and talented assistants. 

Costumes and Appointments by C. W. CLARKSON, of 16, Little Russell 

Street, Covent Garden. Music by Messrs. SWANBOROUGH. 

Decorations by Messrs. GREEN and GAGE. 

Books of the Incidental Songs, Choruses, Music, &c.,in the Extravaganza, 
may be had at the door. 

N.B. — 0?! Friday will be performed ''THE PRACTICAL 
MAN, " by particular request. 

174 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.C," Camb, 

It will be noticed that the scenery is now announced by E. 
Gage, and the name of Jones has disappeared. " Alas ! poor 
Yorick ! " The Messrs. Swanborough simply meant " White- 
headed Bob " and talented assistants. 

In the hoan of a Lover, C. Weguelin, under the name of 
*' Mr. T. Wiggling," made his first appearance. He took the 
place left vacant by Charles E. Donne, his line being the 
same, but his style lighter, as he also played and sang in 
burlesque ; but we still held to Eobsonian tradition as to 
burlesque, and whether it was Alonzo, Lord Lovely Blue 
Beard, or Turkish Waters, there were always two principal 
characters playing extravagant parts with serious intensity, 
which seems to me to be of the very essence of true 

In The Loan of a Lover, the greatest praise in our record is 
given to K. Hobart for his impersonation of Gertrude; it 

" Too much credit cannot be given to Hobart for the 
literally wonderful manner in which he made up for the part. 
His reading of the character was most careful. His acting 
especially clever, F, C. Wilson could play the fine lady in a 
manner not to be surpassed, but Hobart has taken a different 
line than that of the soubrette.** 

By " fine lady " I fancy the writer meant in his ignorance ot 
technical terms, " leading lady," as I never remember to have 
seen F. C. Wilson play any " fine lady," unless Mrs, Mild- 
may came under that description. 

Another new member, Partridge, acting under the name 
of " Mr. Peter Perdix," appeared as Delve, and, says our 

" Made it a part to be remembered by those who saw it. 
His very original ' beer ' and * tvheelbarrow ' business ivcre 
great hits. . , , Delve never will, and we venture to say never 
has, found a better representative,^^ 

Lent Term, 1858, 175 

*' But,'' adds the faithful Chronicler, ^' the wliole piece 
was flat,'' 

The Chronicler was then down on Betsy Baker played by 
Hobart, Hill, Burnand, Knapp, and Digby as a page. 
This didn't "go." 

" The fault lies with Burnand , Hobart, and HilL Of 
the first Mouser is not in his line, heing neither light 
comedy nor burlesque , . . his acting is too exaggerated 
. . . while Hill ivas too hurried and not sufficiently distinct 
as Crummy," 

The Chronicler's praise is given solely to Digby as tho 
page, who is pronounced ^'Excellent," 

Blue Beard by Messrs. Planche and Dance, with new songs 
and choruses by Messrs. Burnand and Hill, was, like almost 
all our burlesques, a success ; Lionel Ashley obtaining great 
praise for his singing as Fleurette, while Hobart was a capital 
Sister Anne, with whom the only fault found was, that she was 
rather too jovial when her sister's head was in imminent 
danger of being cut off. Of * Jimbo ' Leigh, it is recorded 
that — 

** His careful playing of this small part (Dame Perroquet) 
materially aided the success of the first scene. The stoop, the 
voice, and walk, ivere all perfect, tvhilst the decrepit jig luith 
which Mr. Leigh made his exit in the procession was delight- 
fully funny:' 

Preston as Joli Coeur — " his songs were all good.'* 
Rowley Hill as O'Shack O'Back, " very funny — 0' Shack 

never found a more humorous representative than in Mr. 

Bowley HilV 

He introduced a line about " what Demosthenes said when 

he was sent for by his tutor,'' which turned out to be " Rum 

turn tiddly um," or some such idiotic chorus as the finale 

1 76 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A,D. C" Camb. 

to the piece, wliicli took amazingly with our Undergraduate 

The Page was played, of course, hy Mr. Bigby, on whose 
performance a high encomium — evidently in chaff — is 

" The Page is," says the Chronicler, " one of those small 
parts, pigmies to ordinary men, which in Mr. Digby's hands 
become giants of his creative genius." 

The summary says — 

" The secret of the success of the Extravaganza was that ive 
had nearly three weeks rehearsal, and the rehearsals had been 
tvell attended hy the Band, Principals, and those ivho had little, 
and those who had very little to do in the piece ... It was 
one of the greatest successes we ever had at the * A. D. CJ* 
We benefited much from the properties having been a present 
from Mr, Pearse, Caius Coll., while Mr. Norman had given 
five pounds for decorations. The last night ivas very good, 
hut no one house has come up to our third night of last term's 
performance which was a bumper" 

The hit of Two Heads are Better than One, a very slight 
farce, was made by J. Leigh as the idiot Sammy Maxwelton, 
ordinarily a very subordinate part, while the success of Cress- 
well Tayleur as Strange is recorded as a " triumph of 
dramatic art.'* 

On the last night Keginald Kelly and Evelyn Ashley were 
present, for the first time, as non-resident members, and 
heartily congratulated the Club on its continued success. 
Ashley had played last term, but Kelly had not been in the 
Club since the May Term of '57. 

We now managed to reduce our debt to ninety-three 
pounds, and our Secretary and Stage Manager interviewed 
the landlord in order to come to some arrangement as to the 
larger rooms en bloc. But in this they appear to have ex- 
ceeded their commission, as the Club only required one extra 

Lent Term, iS^S, 177 

room to be used in reading and writing, so that the Theatrical 
part would be quite separate. It was inconvenient to have 
members necessarily present during rehearsal, and as to stroll 
in during rehearsal was one of the privileges of membership, 
it was impossible to confine them to our small green-room 
with its skylight and settees, and so shut them oflf from the 
stage. The papers were taken in, and there was a writing 
table. But these matters were of secondary consideration, 
and the worst place in Cambridge for seeing a daily paper 
was the *' A. D, C." room. However, it was all coming in 
due course. 

And now for the first time the rules were published. A 
new committee was elected, the peculiarity of entry in the 
book is the addition of " Esq." to each name. 

A. C. Lee, Esq. . . President for the May term, 1858. 

M. Guest, Esq. . . . Stage Manager. 

W. Lysaglit, Es(|. . . Secretary and Treasurer. 

H. W. Hoffman, Esq. . . Auditor. 

F. Smith, Esq. . . Property Manager. 

— Eobinson, Es(|. . . Prompter. 

Then it was finally announced that should any arrangement 
be made with Mr. Ekin for an additional room, the double 
subscription would commence from next term, and on the 
25th March, 1858, a considerable payment on account was 
made of our debt and interest to Mr. Sealy, who had so Idndly 
assisted us in the Lovett difficulty. 

The Club's prospects were flourishing at the end of the 
Lent Term, 1858, which brought us to the close of the third 
year of its existence, and me to the time of my departure 
from the University. With the Easter Vacation of '58 I 
ceased to be any longer a resident member of the Club, which 
I hoped often to revisit, and in which I continued to take as 
lively an interest as I had from the very commencement of its 
career. Of course I could not help looking upon it as my 
child, though but for helping hands and timely assistance in 

178 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A,D.C!' Ca mb. 

its infancy, it could never have been reared, far less have 
been able to run alone, though, as it still relied on '* Stars," 
it did not succeed in doing this for some time to come. 

«A. D. C." 

May Term, 1857. 
(Four Nights.) 

October Term, 1857. 
(Four Nights.) 

Lent Term, 1858. 
(Four Nights.) 

r A Blighted Being. (Farce.) 

\ A Most Unioarrantable Intrusion. {Do.) 

\ Alonzo the Brave. (Burlesque). 

( Still Waters Run Deep. (Comedy.) 

f A Practical Man. (Farce.) 

) To Paris and Back. (Do. ) 

^ Turhish Waters. (Burlesque.) 

C My Friend in the Straps. (Farce.) 

r Betsy Baker. (Farce.) 

) Loan of a Lover. (Vaudeville.) 

^ Tivo Heads Better than One. (Farce.) 

V Blue Beard. (Extravaganza.) 

On the last night of performance this Term there was a 
supper at, I think, Mr. Rowley Hill's rooms, where the Club 
presented me with a silver inkstand, on which was engraved 
under the initials " A. D. C." an inscription recording the 
occasion and date of presentation to me as " Founder of the 
Club; on leaving the University." 

This gift was perfectly unexpected by me. I had not 
heard a single word about it, and was quite unprepared for 
this unrehearsed effect, when, after supper, which had been 
simply one of the ordinary jovial gatherings, perhaps more 
crowded than usual — " the more the merrier" — my old friend 
A. C. Lee, placed something before me wrapped up in tissue 
paper, and then, after a kind and humorous speech from 
Rowley Hill, proceeded to " unveil " the testimonial. 

I need hardly say how delighted I was at this token of 
affectionate regard from my friends and companions. To 

Lent Ternty 1858, 179 

quote the notorious swearer, who explained to the friend who 
had asked him how it was he did not rap out an oath when 
his new umbrella fell into the mud, " It was impossible to 
find words equal to the occasion." I was poor in the expres- 
sion of my thanks, but it was indeed from my heart I thanked 
them, and not without emotion did I tell them how I should 
always treasure the memory of a time I can now look back 
to as the pleasantest, sunniest, and happiest three years of 
my life. 

N 2 


FOURTH YEAR OF THE " A. D. C." : 1858 '59. END OF THE 


The Star system had now set in at the *' A. D. C," and 
Mr. Oliver Twist was always ready to give the Cluh the benefit 
of his services. 

In burlesque Kowley Hill seems to have been the leading 
spirit; though for the next two terms after my departure 
only one burlesque, Frank Talfourd's Macbeth (which he 
wrote when a boy at Eton), was played, and that, as far as I 
can make out, for only two nights out of the four in the May 
Term performance. The record of it is chiefly confined to 
an enumeration of the advantages of playing burlesque, " a 
form of entertainment," it says, "which has so many attrac- 
tions for our audience." 

But a Domestic Drama was more to the taste of all con- 
cerned in the management except Mr. E. Hill, and the result 
was the following bill for two nights out of the four, and on 
the other evenings the burlesque was i)layed instead of the 
two farces. It was the first time that burlesque had not been 
the feature of the series. 

For my part, personally, I strongly incline to burlesque 
for good amateurs, but never at the expense of true comedy. 
In the particular case of the *'A. D. C," the peculiar 
character of the University audience, mainly composed of 
undergraduates, ought to be fairly considered before sentence 
of absolute banishment be pronounced against burlesque. 
On this subject I shall have more to say later on. 

Foicrth Year of the ''A,D.C" i8i 

This is the first hill in which the name of " Mr. Tom 
Pierce " docs not ai:)pear: — 

Jc\.« jLjm. x^* 

On Fkiday, AfAY 21st, 1858, will be kepresented the 
Farcical Interlude, in One Act, entitled 


Mr.Slumpiiigton {a retired hutterman) llr. GoR^rAN BoniKE. 

^ir M\\\\\g\\.9.vfnQy {cook d; confcctimicr) Mr. U. Glycove. 

Mr. Twigley . . . . . Mr. K. Arrots. 

Jacob Mr. Jimboli. 

Mrs. Slnmpington .... iMr. B. Agpipes. 

After which the Domestic Drama, in Two Acts, 



Lord Qiiavorly iMr. HuDDArcnTER. 

The Hon. Calverly Hautbois . . Mr, Gorman Bourke. 

Lorentz Hartmniin .... Mr. Darting. 

John Mcrton ^Mr, K. Arrots. 

Isaac "Wolff Mr. U. Glycove. 

William Eiifus, alias Yinkiu, alias 

Shockey {one of the shoe Hack 

brigade) Mr. Oliver Twist. 

Lazarus Solomon {apiyraisei' d: valuer) Mr. Raptap. 

Margaret Hartmann . . . . Mr. T. Huckegs. 

'Tilda Mr. Jimboli. 

Mrs. Booty Mr. Kickensnau. 

To conclude with the Screaming Farce, in One Act, 


'Mv.V>onnYC?LsX\(i {alias Jeremiah Jorum) Mr. Oliver Twist. 
Mr. John James Johnson . . . Mr. Jimboli. 

Mr. Smuggins Mr. Darting. 

Mrs. Boimycastlc Mr. R. Krong. 

Helen Mr. T. Huckegs. 

Patty Mr. B. Agpipes, 

The Drop-Scene, which is eiUirely iiciv, was painted and 
presented to the Club by Mr. LiUwidgc. 

Stage Manager— Mr. M. HOST. Acting Manager— Mr. JIMBOLI. 

Fropertg Manager— Mr. A. PENNIE. Prompter— Mr. B. CRUSOE. 

Scenery by E, GAGE, of Sidney Street, and talented afsi^tants. 

Cosfume$ and Appointments by C.W. CLARKSON, 0/I6, Little Russell 

Street, Covent Garden. Music by Messrs. SWANBOROUGH. 

Decoraiiona by Messrs. GREEN and GAGE. 

1 8 2 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A. D. C. " Camb, 

** Mr. B. Agpipes " was K. H. Hobart, and the others will 
be recognised by reference to previous bills. 

The Chronicle which dismisses this piece as " rayther 
flaV^ records the great success of Helping Hands in these 
words ; — 

" Would that our much lamented and never-to-he-forgotten 
founder, siijjporter, and actor, F, C. Burnand, had been here 
to witness this performance, as I am sure it would have 
pleased him much. It was an entirely new style of piece at 
the 'A. D. C.,* and many were the doubts whether it woidd 
succeed or not ; but these doubts icere speedily removed ivhen 
it appeared before the delighted audience : its success ivas 

C. Weguelin, under the name of " Mr. Darting," instead 
of as formerly " T. Wiggling," was, says the record — 

" Thoroughly good. The acclamation and applause of the 
house, long and loud, showed how it ivas appreciated. We 
very much ivish F, C. B, had been here to see it. In a word, 
it ivas wonderful."" 

Equal praise is meted out to Quintin Twiss as Vinkin, 
the 'Tilda of Jimbo Leigh, and the Hon. C. Hautbois of 
Rowley Hill. Isaac Wolff and Solomon, the two Jews, 
respectively played by R. Preston and Lord Brecknock are 
spoken of as ''capitally played" — the accent and appearance 
of the former being " 2)erfcct," while of the latter it is recorded 
that he '' looked an unmistakahle Jew.'' 

And now the old Chronicle begins to drop off. Here a 
page and there a page. A few blanks, and then all criticisms 

The last entries are — of a committee meeting held at the 
Hon. J. Leigh's rooms in the October Term (Oct. 21st, 1858), 
when the following gentlemen were unanimously elected, — 

Fourth Year of the ''A.D.C" 183 

Beecher, F.Lee, Kowley, Augustus Guest, Alec. Baillie — of 
a general meeting Oct. 22, " Nothing clone hut to receive sub- 
scriptions,'' and of another meeting Nov. 3rd, when Ion 
Trant Hamilton, Moncrieff, D. PoweU, S. A. Hankey, were 
elected, and Evans (of King's), an original member who had 
taken his name off when he went down, was re-elected on his 
coming up to reside. 

The pieces performed were Thumping Legacy, Tit for Tat, 
The Victims, and The Irish Tutor. 

On Friday, November the 26th, the performances were in 
aid of the Royal Dramatic Fund. This was the first public 
act of the "A. D. C." 

I came up for this night only, and delivered an address 
which has been copied into the book without any mention of 
the author's name. 

j^L. x>. e 

23rd, 1858, 

O.v Tuesday, Xovembeu 






Ih. Merryweatlier {a Stock broker) . 


Mr. Rowley {an Iiidian Merchant) . 

Mr. U. Glycove. 

Mr. Herbert Fitzherbert {a Literary 


Mr. Darting. 

Mr. Joshua Butterby {his friend and 

humble Admirer) . . . . 

Mr. 0. Twist. 

Mr. Curdle {an Economist and Sta- 


Mr. S. Mc MiAs. 

Mr. Muddlemist {a Metaphysician) . 

Mr. Potille. 

Mr. Hornblower {Editoi- of tlic 

* Weekly Beacon ') . 

Mr. A. Host. 

Carfuffle {Butler to Mr. Merry- 


Mr. Gorman Bourxe. 

Skimmer {Footman to Mr. Merry- 

weather) . . . . . . 

Mr. E. Kartz. 

Mrs. Merryweather .... 

Mr. T. Huckeggs. 

Mrs. Fitzherbert 

Mr. Sylva. 

Miss Crane {a strong-minded woman) 

Mr. Jimboll 

Mrs. Sharp 

Mr. OoHRE. 

184 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D C Camb, 



Fillippo Geronirao .... Mr. Darting. 

Jerry Ominous . . . . . Mr. 0. Twist. 

Bambogetti . . . . . Mr. M. Host. 

Leoni Mr. Jimboli. 

Brigadier of Carbineers . . . Mr. A. Host. 

First Carbineer . . ... Mr. Bullock. 

Second Carbineer .... Mr. N. Inepins. 

Rosetta {daughter of FilU2>po) . . Mr. T. Huckeggs. 

Scene,— GORSIGA. 

On FiiiDAY, November 26th, there will be a 
Performance in aid of 


AYlien the following Pieces will be played — 




New Scenes hj Messrs. LTJTWIDGE and POWELL. 

Stage Manager— Mr. M. HOST. Acting Manager— M}'. JIMBOLI. 
Prompter— Mr. K. LABKE. Artists— Messrs. FOTILLE and N. GAGE. 

Properties hj Mr. A. FENNIE. Dresses hj Mr. S. MAY. 

Pen'uqtiier-Mr. CLARKSON. Leader of Band— Mr. SWANBOEOUGS. 


The Club had now two scenic artists among their own 
members, i.e., Lutwidge and D. Powell. 

The "Properties" had become a separate department. 
Clarkson was no longer answerable for costumes, which 
were provided by Mr. S. May of Bow Street. "White- 
Headed Bob " was now announced as " Leader of the 

The proceeds of the performance in aid of the Dramatic 
College amounted to d622, which was paid into the hands of 
the treasurers of that institution by Quintin Twiss. 

Fourth Year of the ''A,D,C:' 185 

The address contained these lines : — 

" We youtliful vot'ries of the Thespian art 
Are called to plaj- a very easy part : 
Our acting pleasure — 'tis for your deliglit — 
Kind friends to greet ns — future prospects bright ! 
Change we the scene — a sterner lesson read 
In the poor player's life, whose cause we plead." 

And then followed a very gi-im contrast, representing the 
poor player in the depths of starvation, concealing an aching 
heart under the motley garb, &c., &c. 

The author doubtless thought it was perfectly true, and, for 
myself, I'm sure I believed it, my general impressions of the 
actor off the stage being founded on Charles Dickens's ** Dying 
Clown," and on certain theatrical sketches by Albert Smith. 
The address went on to say, that, for once and away, we 
were playing with a serious purpose, i.e., the benefit of a 
professional charity, concluding with this couplet — 

" And for ourselves who labour for this end. 
Pardon our faults, and what is worth commend." \E.dt, 

Here finishes the Ancient Chronicle. 

There is an entry farther on, under date 1860, to which I 
shall presently have to refer, when the **A. D. C." joined 
with the Quidnunc Cricket Club to give an annual perform- 
ance during the ** Sussex week," at Brighton. 

The new Chronicle commences with a record of a meeting 
Dec. 4, 1858, w^hen the election of committee for the ensuing 
term took place. 

Lord Brecknock (Trin. Coll.) . . President. 

Hon. J. W. Leigh Acting Manager. 

D. Powell Stage Manager. 

J. T. Hamilton Secretary and Treasurer. 

F. Lee Property Manager. 

Alec. Baillie Prompter. 

Hon. L. Ashley Auditor and Assistant 

Acting Manager. 



r*" ^c 


1 8 6 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.C!^ Camb. 

As to tlie prompter, it seems to have been hereditary. W. 
H. Baillie had been 'par excellence our prompter, and now his 
brother was elected. *' Not Amurath an Amurath succeeds, 
but Baillie Baillie." 

The original mistake — mine — oi calling the stage manager 
** acting manager" was still retained, and was not dropped for 
a long time, not indeed until some time after the Club had em- 
ployed a professional to " coach " them, when the name of the 
member who happened to be the stage manager was omitted 
entirely (as in the bills now before me as recently as 1877 and 
1878) and that of '' Assistant Stage Manager, Mr. Coe " (with 
his town address by way of not losing the chance of advertise- 
ment), or " Assistant Stage Manager, Mr. Horace Wigan," 
with Ms town address. 

The professional coach is, sometimes, as necessary for 
amateur actors as the professional drill sergeant for volunteers. 
But it is not in this perfunctory manner that I would have 
the art taught at the university *' A. D. C." 

In Feb., 1859 (Lent Term), were elected Henry Thornhill 
(Magdalene Coll.), A. G. Knox, G. de Robeck, — Walford, 
and G. Buxton, all of Trinity. "Mr. Oliver Twist" came up 
as the star, and Weguelin, R. Hill, and J. Leigh were still on 
the scene. 

A« »« 


BE Performed a 

On Tuesday, March 15th, 1859 


Farce, by G. DANCE, 




Hectic {an old hachclor) . 

. Mr. 


Clover (his friend) 

. Mr. 

U. Glycove. 

Stump {servant to Hectic) . 

. Mr. 

Mural Foord. 

Bridoon {Serjeant of Dragoons) 

. Mr. 

Gorman Bourke. 

Mrs. Carney {lioiisekeeper to Hectic) 

. Mr. 

Ion Trant. 

Anabella {IwuseTceepcr to Clover) . 

. Mr. 


Fourth Year of the "A.D.C 


On Thursday akd Friday will be Performed the 
Screaming Farce, entitled 


Wlien Mr. 0. TWIST will appear in the Cliaracter of 

After which will be Performed a Comic Drama, in 
Two Acts, by J. R. PLANCHE, Esq., entitled 


Marquis de Treval 
Count de Steinberg 
John Caspar Lavatcr 
Zug . 
Servant . 
Louise . 
Madam Betiuan 

Mr. Gorman Bourke. 

]\Ir. S. Mc MiAs. 

Mr. Darting. 

Mr, Huddaughter. 

;Mr. U. Glycove! 

Mr. A. Host. 

Mr. Prettyman. 

Mr. K. Notch. 

Mr. Ochre. 

]Mr. T. Huckeggs. 

^Ir. Knight. 

Soldiers, Peasantry, d-c, Messrs. Bullock, Picrcemount, Lucas, 
Raptap, A. Zuredey, <0c., <Cr. 

To conclude with a Farce, by JOHN POOLE, 


m. Walton . 

Tristram Sappy . 

Captain Templeton 

Crupper {an Ostler) 



Sophy Walton . 

Amy Templeton . 

Mrs. Plumply , 

Sally Mags . 

Mr, K. Arrots. 

Mr. Jimboli. 

Mr, Darting. 

Mr. Gorman Bourke. 

Mr. A. Host. 

Mr. K notch. 

Mr. T. Huckeggs. 

Mr. Ochre. 

Mr. Knight. 

Mr, Sylva. 

Stage Manager— Mr. FOTILLE. Acting Manager— Mr. JIMBOLI. 
Prompter— Mr. If. INEPINS. AHists—Mr. FOTILLE ^ N. GA GE. 

Fropertien hu Mr. C. UTTIT. Dresses by Mr. S. WAY. 

Ferruqttier—Mr. CLAEKSON. Leader of Band— Mr. SWANSBOUMNE. 

The form of the programme is as different from our old 
ones of '57, as is the elegant and over-perfumed programme of 
to-day from the old flimsy, dirty, inky "bill of the play" with 

1 88 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.CT Camb, 

whicli one spoilt one's gloves and dirtied one's fingers at all 
our theatres twenty years ago. 

Observe that White-lieaded Bob had protested against being 
called "Mr. Swanborough." His real name was " Swans- 

Not a Bad Judge was specially successful, owing to the 
playing of Rowley Hill, R. Preston (who came up to play 
Betman), and C. Weguelin as Lavater. 

The Two Bonnycastles was revived for the sake of Twiss's 
Jeremiah Jorum, which had delighted everyone in May 
Term, 1858. 

The difficulty of getting suitable representatives of the 
female parts seems to have been got over by Lionel Ashley 
as Louise, and G. Knox as Madame Betman. 

The Thumping Legacy ^ a great hit in October, 1858, was 
also revived. So that there was not much novelty. The star 
of Oliver Twist was in the ascendant at the close of the fourth 
year of the "A. D. C," ending Lent Term, 1859. 



For the first time in the history of the Club there were no 
performances to record in the May Term, " as " says the 
record, " the only iccck when iheij could have taken ])lace ivas 
the Keek of the boat races.'' 

As if boat races would have mattered to us in 1856, when 
we had two sets of performances in the May Term, The 
elections were: — " Pouys and Aug, Campbell of Trin. 
Coll., and II. Doyne of Magdalene. Hon. J. Leigh resigned 
his stage ma^iagershij)." Here, in the record, the office is 
called by its right name, but not so in the bill. *' And Mr, 
Weguelin was elected in his place.'' 

By this time A. C. Lee, R. Hill, W. P. Lysaght, &c., had 
all disappeared from the scene, and the names with which we 
first commenced are no longer found, such as R. Kelly, Donne, 
F. C. Wilson, J. M. Wilson, &c. 

The Club was prosperous, and the tickets were no lono-er 
distributed in secresy. It had become a recognised form 
of recreation both for members of the Club and their 

Already the tutors had given *' leave till one," to acting 
members of the Club during the "A. D. C." week. This 
meant that the time of being in in college, or in lodgings, was 
extended beyond midnight, on the clear understanding that 

IQO Personal Reimniscences of ike '^A.D.CJ^ Camb, 

none should avail tliemselves of this licence except genuine 
acting members of the Club, This concession was almost 
equivalent to a formal recognition by authority, and v/as cer- 
tainly something more than mere " toleration," unless the 
brotherhood of freemasonry with its Boyal Grand Master is 
considered as merely '' tolerated " in this country — for the 
Club, as regards the University authorities, was in much the 
same position as is freemasonry with regard to the govern- 
ment, which, when closing the lodges of the secret societies, 
specially exempts, on certain conditions, the masonic lodges. 
The " A. D. C." was in a similar position. 

In October, 1859, they woke up again. Another term 
couldn't be allowed to pass without a performance. During 
the vacation Quintin Twiss had been invited, and, happening 
to meet him, we talked over a new edition ofAlonzo, in which 
he was to play — first time in burlesque — Alonzo, and a 
popular air with chorus, " Sally come up the middle," was to 
be introduced. 

With delight I went up to Cambridge, having been as an 
" active member " absent from the " A. D. C." shice the Lent 
Term, 1858 — for the merely going up to deliver an address 
does not count as acting — and attended a Club meeting, 
Oct. 22, when it was decided that the performances should 
commence on Tuesday, Nov. 29, and that the pieces should 
be, — 

My new version of Alonzo ^ now ready for rehearsal. 
In for a Holiday (my farce). 
Curious Case, a revival. 
Helping Hands, also a revival. 

Then were elected E. Hambro', Percy Lee, A. E. Guest, 
— Newton, Hon. H. Bourke, — Plowden, F. W. Hudson, 
all of Trinity. 

Being once more in harness, Kichard was himself again, 
and went to work with a will, the rehearsals of Alonzo the 

Fifth Year — May Term, iS^g. 191 

Brave, or Faust and the Fair Tniogene, commencing on Oct. 
24, of course without Quintin Twiss, who could not attend 
until the last two rehearsals, but who was always a safe man, 
sure to know his part, and be up in all his music. 

Nov. 25 were elected members, The Duke of St. Albans, 
Hon. A. Strutt, N. M. de Eothschild, all of Trinity. 

A great success was anticipated, and the Chronicle shows 
that expectation was not disappointed. 

" So large an audience as that which attended on Tuesday 
had never been seen on the first night of representation. This, 
as icell as the unequalled success of the latter performances, is 
doubtless to be attributed to the combined attraction of Messrs. 
Twiss and Burnand, the return of which latter gentleman to 
the ^ A. D. C boards was hailed icith great delight.'^ 

For myself I remember how remarkably ''rusty" I felt, and 
what a signal failure was my performance in what had been 
one of my great successes. Here is the critique : — 

*' On Mr. Burnand rested the ivhole ojius of the piece's 
success, and in this, especially the second night, he perfectly 
succeeded, as far as the piece in our opinion is capable of 
going ; a lighter rendering would have been better, and Mr. 
Burnand spoke too low, but through want of practice he has 
somewhat forgotten that light and funny style which 2vas so 
well depicted in * the Practical Man. 

J )> 

This was perfectly true. I was no longer a light-hearted 
undergraduate, and in the time intervening between my last 
appearance on the boards and this present one, much had 
happened to make me take a far more serious view of life in 
1859, than I had in the beginning of 1858. 

I remember Weguelin's performance of Laurence Hart- 
mann, " de old Hartmann," in Helping Hands. It was 
really admirable, as was also Twiss's Vinkin, and J. Leigh's 

192 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A,D,C.'' Camb. 
Here is the bill of the last night's performance : — 

A« »« C 




A Farce, by J. MORTON, Esq., 




Fillippo Geronimo .... 

Mr. J. Darting. 


Mr. M. Host. 




Mr. G. Host. 

Jerry Omijious 

Mr, 0. Twist. 


Mr. T. HucKEGGS. 

To conclude ivlth a Tragical, Comical, Dc^noniacal, and 

What-ever-yo^L-likc-to-call-it-iacal Extn 

xvaganza, uniting in its 

construction the romantic 2^<^hos of 

the icell-Tcnoicn Ballad 

^'Alonzo and hnogene," with the thrilling horrors of Goethe's 

Tragic Poem ^' Faust," by F. C. Burnand, Esq., entitled 




Alonzo {jpupil to Faust— ^cho steals 

time from his studies to join the 

rifle corps) 

Mr. 0. Twist. 

Dr. Faust {ABC, XYZ, etc., etc.. Pro- 

fessor in Muddleherg University — 

%cell read in black letter) . . . 

Mr. J. Darting. 

Mephistopheles (a cicaracter—withoid 


Mr. Tom Pierce. 

Sybel (a simple yoidh, the current of 

whose thoughts flow in the direction 

of TSLS^h&riy jam) . . . . 

Mr. E. Carts. 

Gyppo {FausVs servant-of-all-woi-1c. 

who is too busy to apypear onorc than 

once this eve7iing) .... 

Mr. H. Ochre. 

Bandini (a gentleman in an official 

capacity at Muddlcberg University) . 

Mr. G. Host. 

Barco {his attendants — belo7iging 

M. A. L. Hamrra. 

By to to the K9 division) . . 

M. T. Illcave. 

Pipo de Clayo {a sergeant in Alonzo s 

company) ..... 

Mr. E. Paulett. 

Imogene {the Fair par excellence since 

the one at Greenwich has becti 


Mr. T. HrcKEGS. 

Fifth Year— May Term, iSsg, 193 

Dame Martha {Itnogenc's nurse and 
guardian — a good specimen of an 
''Ugly") Mr. JiMBOLi. 

Sailo7-s, Students, Aristocrats, talented Individiuils, distin- 
guished Foreigners, Soldiers, Stokers, Ladies, Guests, Umbrellas, 
Thunder, Lightning, and a splendidly appointed and Victm-ious 
ARMY {incliuiing a drummer), by 

Messrs. Tip, Top, Peter, Piper and Pecker, 

who Jiave been engaged for Four Nights only, at an cnormotts 

{Painted by Mr. POWELL.) 
The AVish ! The Tempter ! ! The Compact ! ! ! 

{Mr. E. GAGE.) 
The Cake— The Nurse— T/w Vmo ll—Th^ Review {not the 
'* Saturday") — Departure of Alonzo — 

Scene III.— A GARDEN.-(3/r. Poiccll) 
The meethig — 'Take now this ring' — Unpleasant position of 
Sybel — Triumph of ^Mephistopheles. 

Scene IV.— A ^yOOB.— {Jones.) 
Halt of maimed Soldiei-s— Scenes of my childhood — Tlie plot. 

The apparition ! — Glorious and astounding denouemeut ! ! 

Books of ** Alonzo " may be liad in the room, fir ice One Shilling, 
aiid of the ut/ier Pieces at Mr. T. II. Lacy^s, 89, Strand. 

Acting JJnnager—Mr. J. DARTING. Stage Manager— Mr. POTILLE. 

Chorus Master— Mr. K. ROTCHIT. Property Man— Mr. E. F. LEA. 

I>res*eg Ity S. MAT, Bow Street, Corent Garden. 

Perriiquler, Mr. CZARJlSON, Little Eussell Street, Covent Garden. 

Tlie success of the burlesque was unquestionable ; it went 
better than when it was first produced in 1857. Twiss was 
first-rate as Alonzo y and *' Sally come up " was encored 
twice ; but the hit of the evening was an ad captandum intro- 
duction in the first scene, of Mr. Augustus Guest, dressed as a 
proctor, accompanied by his two bulldogs, represented by E. 
Hambro, six feet four, and F. Plowden, five feet eight. They 
were inimitable. 

The situation is this, Dr. Faust in his study hears a noise 
of students without, and sends for the proctor to know what 

194 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.CT Camd, 

is going on. The proctor and his two followers arrive, inform 
Dr. Faust that Alonzo the student is giving a farewell supper 
to his companions, and then, on being further questioned by 
Dr. Faust, exclaims : — 

Proctor (excitedly). Excuse me, Sir, I can no longer stay. 
{Rushes to tvindoiv, to whiclt his attention has been already 
directed by the bulldogs,) A man without his cap and gown ! 
Away ! ! 

(Air. — " Begone dull care") 

Six sliil-lings, a fourpence, a fourpenny piece, 
By these things our revenues increase. 

Solo. — Proctor. Second jpart. 

Oh, while he laughs and while he sings, 

We can no longer stay. 
Oh, if he likes to do such things. 

Of course he'll have to pay. 

Trio akd Dance. 
Six okil-liwjs, (Sec. 

{^Exeunt Proctor and hulldogs dancing. 

This was encored six times at least — the Proctor and 
attendants becoming wilder and wilder in their antics. It was 
without exception the funniest thing, of its kind, I ever saw 
on the " A. D. C." stage, and, considering its appropriateness, 
I am not prepared to say that it was not the most genuine 
spontaneously funny thing I have ever seen on any stage. 
The point would perhaps be lost on a mixed audience, and 
when we played Alonzo away from the '* A. D. C." Theatre, 
we invariably cut out the Proctor and Co. 

Now-a-days, on the same principle that caused the Lord 
Chamberlain to interdict the performance of The Plapi^y Land 
at the Court Theatre when the actors made up as Messrs. 
Gladstone, Ayrtou and Bob Lowe, and to issue the order that 

Fifth Year — May Term, iS^g, 195 

Mr. Corri should alter his make-up as the Shah in my piece 
oi Kissi-Kisslj so now the Proctor and his bulldogs would 
not be permitted to appear on the " A. D. C." stage, out of 
respect to the authorities. I don't think it did any harm 
to a single undergraduate, and the proctors, unofficially, came 
themselves to witness the performance. 

In the Lent Term, 1860, H. W. Hoffman was elected 
President, vice Lord Brecknock, and Augustus Guest, Auditor, 
vice Hon. L. Ashley. And N. M. de Rothschild was elected 
** assistant stage manager " at the request of the stage 
manager, who found he had too much work to do. 

The first important step this term was to discharge the 
debt to Mr. Scaly, which was forthwith done, and the next 
was to conclude arrangements with Mr. Ekin for the larger 
set of rooms at a rent of £75 per annum. 

A subscription-list was opened to defray the expenses con- 
sequent on the change, the subscriptions were increased to 
i21 10s., not doubled as they were to have been by a former 
rctjolution. The Club was increased to sixty members, and 
Messrs. Everett, Smith, Marryat, Osborne, Eeathcrstone- 
haugh, Evans, Heathcote, Gurdon, Leigh, and C. Barclay, 
all of Trinity, and Willis, of King's, were elected. 

No wonder that Mr. David Powell wanted an assistant 
stage manager, as he had devoted himself entirely to the 
scenery, and had painted the whole of what was required for 
the burlesque in the previous term. 

The subscription-list soon mounted up to well over a 
hundred pounds, and on March 6, 1860, took place the first 
performance on the new stage. Here is the bill, which in 
shape and texture was a return to the old original style. 

Barefaced Impostors was played instead of a burlesque, and 
I regretted that I was unable to be present on this occasion. 
At all events, I had played in the first and last performance 
on the old stage, and it was due to the " fitness of things " 
that a new generation should now appear on an entirely new 


1 96 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A,D, C, ' Lamb. 

A« »« C« 


On Tuesday, Maech 6th, will be Pekformed the cele- 
BKATED Comedy, by TOM TAYLOE, Esq., entitled 


Mr. Potter 

Captain Hawkslcy 

John ]\Iildmay . 


Langford . 

Markham . 



Mrs. Mildmay . 

Mrs. Hector Sternhold . 

Mr. Mural Foord. 

Mr. Sylva. 

Mr. Darting. 

Mr. Hake. 

Mr. OcifRE. 

Mr. H. UsBAND. 

Mr. Hawk. 

]\Ir. 0. Twist. 

Mr. F. Huddaugiiter. 

Mr. Ion Trant. 

After which will be performed the grand 
Zoological absurdity of 


Hclialiabaham {a 2Mcha of 3 tails) 
]\Iustaplia {his Vizier) . . , . 
Bill Stumps 1 i'li'^oiidam proprietors of 
Jack Hocus \ ^if original muted 
) Happy Family) 


Osman Khan {cliUf executioner) 
Achmet Aga {an officer of tlie Sultan) 
Mirza Hadji Baba {chief keeper of the 

vionkeys) ..... 
First Ferash ) {thrasJiers of the 
Second ditto \ peojylc) . . . 
]5arikallah {keeper of the Harem) 
Jacko {a blue-nosed baboon) . . . 
Sambo {aAi ourang outang) 
Ayesha {formerly Jemima StumpiSj 

nov) first favourite of the Pasha) . 
Fatimer {second favourite of tlw 


Various Choice specimens of Zoology, Guards, Slaves, and 

Mr. H. U.sBAND. 
Mr. E. AcooN. 

Mr. 0. Twist. 
Mr. A. Host. 

Mr. Ochre. 

IMr. A. L. HambrA. 

Mr. E. Mergency. 

Mr. S. Mc MiAS. 
jytr. Hare. 
]\Ir. Ion Trant. 
Mr. Oldpound. 
]\lr. Mural Foord. 
Mr. J. A.Huddaughter 

Mr. T. Illcove. 

Mr. A ldershot Big Ben. 

The programme is wanting in details. No officials are 

Fifth Year — May Term, iS^g, 197 

An address was written by G. 0. Trevelyan, which was de- 
livered by Mr. Weguelin as acting manager. The somewhat 
ironical allusion to *' Dido's great author" refers to my 
having produced my first piece at the St. James's under the 
management of Messrs. Willett and Chatterton in the early 
part of the jTar. The Drum-major was Mr. Hambro, six feet 
four in his stockings, who was so effective as a bulldog on 
our stage. 

"Monday week" alludes perspectively to the " little go," 
and the " clotted gravy and bleeding beef," to the execrable 
dinners then given in the Hall of Trinity College. 

By G. 0. TREVELYAN, Esq. 


Spoken by C. WEcrELiN, Esq., Actiituj 'Manager^ 

Bring them in. Prompter ; all of them. Why, bless us ! 

What a vast heap of Prologues and Addresses. 

Is't f(5r my own or for my parent's crime 

Tliat I must wade through all this mass of rhyme ? 

I'll read 'em out, and you shall help me choose. 

'Gad ! here's an invocation to the muse. 

" Descend, Thalia, from yon heaven descend : 

" Tlie inauguration of your shrine attend ; 

" Melodious goddess." No, not if I know him ; 

It's too nmcli like a Chancellor's prize poem. 

Here's one in Latin, all about Cothurnum, 

And Sophocleum ; take 'em off and bimi 'em. 

This seems the best. Kind gentles, one and all, 

AVhether from Jesus Lane, or Humphry's Hall, 

On Magdalen's jovial towers, or pleasant Clare, 

Or the lone waste of distant Downing's air ; 

We'll give each one in our several parts, 

A brave house-warming that shall cheer your hearts. 

198 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A,D.C'^ Camb, 

Compare this spacious area witli the floor 

Where once you jostled, laughed, perspired, and swore ; 

Fitter for some old unwashed Cynic's tub 

Than for the home of our Dramatic Club. 

How can our actors now they've gro-\vn so tall 

Within such puny limits strut and bawl ? 

At the Queen's rifle levee I'll engage her 

To see no sight so flne as our Drum-major ; 

Yet not without one fond and loving sigh 

We bid our ancient stage a long good-bye. 

For there full oft, marred by no envious hiss, 

Loud swelled the laugh that hailed each tone of Twiss. 

There he whose name we proudly cherish still 

Dido's great author fleshed his maiden quill. 

Is there one here whose brains with Paley reek ? 

Who shudders at the thought of Monday week ? 

Let him to-night, while laughing till he hoarse is, 

Forget the parallelogram of forces. 

Ye sons of Trinity, lay by your grief. 

The clotted gravy and the bleeding beef, 

The greasy female waiters, hideous vision, 

And the precarious fate of our petition. 

Enjoy the passing moment as it flies. 

We'll do our best to feast your ears and eyes : 

Forgive our faults and recognize with glee. 

In a new dress, your old friend, "A. D. C." 

I was considerably astonished when on going up in the 
following term I found the new rooms, of which I have given 
a ground plan. 

The green-room was where we, the original founders of the 
Club, had been contented to play, and the space "B" beyond, 
which had served for our old green-room, was now blocked up, 
or used for storeage. 

Beyond the auditorium, and not shown in the plan, is a 
club-room and lavatory. The club-room walls are now 
covered with photographs, chiefly coloured, of all the charac- 
ters and tableaux in the pieces performed from the commence- 
ment ; but our old ones are beginning to look very shady, and 
represent a period which, to most of the present generation, 
must be more or less mythical. 

Fifth Year— May Term, iS^g, 



2/.' y. ^/c /f7J//e^i^'(/e> 




-! ^yjj.".. 



Green-room was originally 
33' 10" X 22' 2" and 14 ft. higli. 

Pbesent plan of "A. D. C." Cambkidge, June 12, 1879. 

A* Tliis was the room where the first stage was erected. 
J5. "Was our Green-room, which no longer exists. 
C'. Door into Hoop Yard (down a stair-case). 
J), Door opening into Auditorium. 

jE7. JEJ. JEJ. These were the old Hoop Billiard Rooms after The 
Union Debating Club had given them up. 

200 Personal Reminiscences of the'' A, D,C'' Camb* 

The stage is excellent, but unfortunately not on an incline, 
and while the depth is sufficient for any scenic effect of dis- 
tance, the narrowness of the opening cramps the acting, and 
the small space at the wings prevents any perfect stage manage- 
ment of crowds. The height from the floor is not more than 
four feet, and though a trap is occasionally managed, it is no 
great improvement on our old plan of walking down three 
steps, resembling those of a bathing-machine, and then stoop- 
ing down, as though expecting a wave, until we w^ere hidden 
from the view of the audience. 

The opening of the new theatre, while commencing a new 
era in the "A. D. C.'s" history, brings to an end its fifth 
year of existence. 



Mr. Weguelin was succeeded by Mr. Grove as stage- 
manager, and Mr. Hambro took the place of assistant, 
vacated by Mr. Kothschild. 

The price of seats was fixed all round at five shillings. 
The three- shilling back-row being abolished. 

So little did the once almost secret society of the "A.D.C." 
now dread publicity, that the question was discussed as to 
whether they should begin to play in their own names. The 
result, however, was to leave this as they found it, and the old 
oioms cle theatre were still retained. 

Elected Messrs. Hervey, N. A. Langham, and Scholefield. 

This term I went up to play B.B., a farce that Montagu 
Williams and myself had written for Robson on the occasion 
of the Benicia Boy's (Heenan) visiting England to contest 
the championship with Tom Sayers. Twiss was to take Rob- 
son's part of Benjamin Bobbin. But there was more than 
this to be done. It had been decided that a testimonial 
should be presented by the Club to Mr. Quintin Twiss, in 
recognition of his signal services to the Club, always coming 
at their call, and putting aside other engagements to assist 
thematthe"A. D. C." 

** On June the seventh,*^ Mr. J. T. Hamilton, the secretary, 
mentions, in his farewell chronicle, *^a7i illigant entertainment 
was given to Q. Twiss j Esq., in the audience part of the 

202 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A,D,C!' Camb, 

theatre. About forty-three gentlemen were present ; many of 
whom ivere guests. The chair was ably filled by the Presi- 
dent, Mr. Hoffman, and the testimonial, a beautifidly chased 
silver claret jug, teas presented to our very active member. 
The company broke up shortly after twelve,'* 

The performances of this term, which were over before 
the dinner was given, had not been so successful as usual. 
The Wondeiful Woman, B. B., and The Omnibus were com- 
paratively failures, though Mr. Bourke distinguished himself 
as Pat Kooney in the second piece — we were always fortunate 
in our Irish representatives — and we once more discovered an 
excellent impersonator of female character in Mr. Hoffman. 
Benjamin Bobbin was pronounced to be not in Quintin 
Twiss's line, and Mr. Grove was blamed for lacking that 
energy and spirit which had " characterized his three first 
terms' performance." Perhaps his reading for honours was 
taking it out of him. He never omitted acting, and in 1861 
came out in First Class Pol, 

Lord Lovel was not to the taste of the present University 
audience, which had seen such a strong cast in the more 
modern version of Alonzo at the last performances. The only 
success here was Mr. D. Powell's scenery. 

The orchestra was becoming a difficulty. White-headed 
Bob and talented assistants no longer sufficed ; their " vamp- 
ing" was not up to the growing requirements of the Club, 
and the services of Mr. Sippel had for some time past been 
brought into requisition. I think he became conductor, and 
that our white-headed friend and his merry men — the 
Famp-ires — still remained under Sippel's direction. 

I know burlesque singing had come to be a difficulty, and 
that when any one on the stage wanting assistance, looked to- 
wards Sippel to take up the cue, or to give him the note, or 
whatever it might be, he would either be met by a blank stare 
of astonishment, coming from over the rim of Sippel's 
spectacles, or Mr. Sippel would be in conversation with 

Sixth Year. 203 

another member of the band, perhaps asking what the next 
cue might be, in which case he would look up, and seeing that 
something was wanted, would say audibly, **0h, I beg your 
pardon — I didn't see." And then he would tap the footlights 
in front of him sharply and look round at his men, saying, 
*' Now then !" as though the hiatus had been all their fault. 
He was very trying, especially at rehearsals ; but, with a few 
notable exceptions, he was generally '' all right at night." 

However, in the October Term of 1860 the Club expressed 
themselves of opinion that the music ought to be conducted 
properly, and elected the orchestra manager on to the com- 
mittee, which was thus constituted : — 

President H. W. Hoffman. 

Stage Manager D. Powell. 

Acting Manager . . . . W. C. Grove. 

Treasurer and Secretary . . . T. F. Kirby. 

One of the most active secretaries and best business men the 
Club ever had. 

Prompter (vacant). 

Property Manager . . . . F. Lee. 

Assistant Acting Manager . . A. F. Guest. 

Ditto Stage ditto . . . E. Hambro. 

Orchestra Manager . . . F. W. Hudson. 

The proposition for retaining their own names in the bills 
had been negatived last term. The Hon. H. Bourke, with 
the true gallantry of his nationality, asked for a " Ladies' 
Night," when the county families should be admitted. 

This was an inspiration from without. 

But the secretary, Mr. Thomas Kirby, asserts, and signs it 
with his own hand, that at the time a strong party existed 
among the Dons unfavourable to the "A. D. C," "as they 
are," he sarcastically writes, *Ho all harmless enjoyment.'^ 
At the same time he very sensibly adds, that ladies would 
detect faults in the female characters to which the ordinary 
University audience was willingly blind. 

204 Personal Reminiscences of the ^*A,D.C'^ Camb. 

Finally, tlie Rev. W. G. Clark, Public Orator, was con- 
sulted, and, in consequence of his advice, the Club for the 
present decided not only against the Ladies' Night, but also 
that they would adhere most strictly to the old rule of not 
admitting to the performances any but members of the Uni- 
versity, unless they came provided with a ticket signed by 
three members of the Committee. 

The elections were — 

K. C. JeLb .... 

Trin. Coll. 

E. H.Wynne .... 


Hon. C. Lyttleton . 


H.L.Wood .... 


J. W. Hawkesworth 


Hon. W. P. Bouverie . 


Lord J. Hervey .... 


Hon. J. M. Henniker-Major . 


D. H. C. Henniker . 


J. Hamilton .... 


Hon. — Fitzwilliam . 


C. J. Fletcher 


F. H. Whymper, M.A. . . . ' 



C. T. Royds, B.A ( 

Christ's ^fi^"°,^^^y 

Hon. E. M. Harvey, B. A. . . ^ 


\ Members. 


Then, on the proposition of D. Powell, they began to form 
a library. There was some slight opposition to this on ac- 
count of the extra subscription, but it was decided in the 
affirmative by thirty to five. 

The theatrical week commenced Nov. 20, and there were 
four fixed performances and one extra night — Saturday. 



18G0. In the August of 1860 the " A. D. C." joined with 
the Quidnunc Cricket Ckib, and, after the Quidnunc v, 
Sussex match, gave a performance at the Theatre Koyal, 
Brighton, then under the management of T. Nye Chart. The 
pieces were Not a Bad JudfjCy with Weguehn for Lavater, 
ZuQy Augustus Guest, Evelyn Ashley as the Marquis de 
Trevalf and myself as the Burgomaster, The Thuminng 
Legacy y with Quintin Twiss, and Merthyr Guest as Bamho- 
getti. The burlesque oi Alonzo concluded the evening, with 
Twiss as AlonzOf Weguelin as Faust, myself as Meplds- 
tophcles, Hon. J. Leigh as Dame Martha, Miss R. Ranor as 
Imogene, and an army composed of W. H. and Alec Baillie, 
R. Fitzgerald, E. Drake, R. Forster, and Quidnuncs ad lib. 

In 1861 the Club again played at Brighton. The Bachelor 
of Arts, with Weguelin, Balfour, Whymper (who had been 
elected an honorary member of the " A. D. C") Whltehait 
at Greenwich, with Twiss, Weguelin, Hon. J. Leigh, Mrs. 
Daly, and Miss Marion Daly. The Seventh Shot burlesque 
by Messrs. Montagu Williams and F. C. Burnand, Rodolph 
(Twiss), Caspar (Burnand), Agnes (Miss R. Ranor), Anne 
(Miss Fanny Stirling), Kilian (Augustus Guest), Prince 
Ottacar (Miss Pauline Burette). 

In 1862, at Brighton, A Curious Case. F. Whymper as 
Auhreij, Frank Marshall (Hon. Mem. of " A. D. C." as an 
Oxford man, 2^^'o tern.) Charles TwigglctoUf Burnand, Mrs, 

2o6 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.C!' Camb. 

Auhreyy Miss Booth. Quintin Twiss, Weguelin, and the 
" Guest family " were absent. There was an interlude by 
the corps de ballet of the Theatre, and afterwards was played 
Alonzo the Brave (burlesque), with the following cast : 
Alonzo, Miss Marion Daly ; Dame MartJia, Mrs. R. Soutar ; 
Faust, Miss Ruth ; Imogcne, Miss Pauline Burette ; MepMs- 
topheleSy F. C. Burnand ; Syhil, F. Marshall. The army by 
Robt. Fitzgerald, M. C. C. as sergeant, W. H. Baillie, Alec 
Baillie, Biron, E. Drake, Hoblyn (drummer) R. Forster. They 
were excellent, and " Sally come up ! " was loudly encored. 

In 1863, August 22. Another performance to a crowded 
house. Two Bonnycastles, with Twiss in the principal role, 
and the burlesque of Aladdmy with Twiss as Widow Twari- 
kapy Hon. C. Carington as Aladdin, F. C. Burnand asAbana- 
zar, Miss R. Ranoe as Pekoe, and P. Finch as Sidtan, 

There was another performance in 1864, when we did the 
Critic, with Mr. Brandram as Don Whiskerandos, but, I 
think, in consequence of the difficulty of getting the team 
together, this was the last of the " A. D. C." and Quidnuncs 
at Brighton. 

Mr. Brandram and Mr. F. A. Marshall, \Vho kindly gave 
us their assistance, were never elected as regular honorary 
members of the Cambridge "A. D. C." ; at least there is no 
record of their election in the Club books. As Oxonians they 
were eligible. 



The following extract comes from the Annals j)?*o tcm., 
as kept by the Club's most conscientious and energetic 
Secretary, Mr. Kirby : — 

*' Theatrical Week, February 2GTn, 27Tn, 28th, 
March 1st, 2nd, 1861. 

*' The performances this term were prepared with great 
care and much cost, as it had been resolved that on Saturday, 
March 2nd, on which evening the Prince of Wales attended, 
ladies should be invited. It was a hazardous venture, and 
one which received deep consideration, but it was attended 
with great success. After reviewing the pieces which were 
then acted shortly, a more detailed account of it shall be 

" The following plays were acted by the members : — 

Not a Bad JiulgCy 
A Thiimjnng Legacy, 
Taming of a 'Tiger, 
Retained for the Defence, and 
The Fair Maid of Wajijnng, 

a T.-P.-Cookical and romantlcal burlesque written for the 
'A. D. C by Messrs. M. Williams and F. C. Burnand. 
For the first time since the foundation of the Club the actors 
played under their own names, and those ingenious sobriquets 

2o8 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.L.'^ Camb, 

wliicli reflected so much credit on the ingenuity of their in- 
ventors, and amused the audience while the scenes were heing 
shifted, were now discarded. The reasons need not be parti- 
cularised which led to the establishment of this time-honoured 
custom, as they no longer exist ; but we cannot help thinking 
that tMs custom, at any rate, might have been honoured by 
observance, in a Club which, generally speaking, adheres so 
closely to its old institutions." 

The allusion is of course to our first state of existence as a 
secret society, afraid. to let our names be known, and keeping 
our whereabouts concealed from all but the initiated. 

The new state of affairs, so different to what we had been 
accustomed to only six years before, considerably astonished 
our friends. F. C. "Wilson also reappeared, *' by particular 
desire for this occasion only," to play in ISlot a Bad Judge and 
A Thumjnng Legacy. 

Here is the Secretary's account of it : — 

" Mr. Becker, with his usual kindness, undertook the ser- 
vant's part. 

"Few here now recollect Mr. F. C. Wilson's triumphs in 
St, George and the Dragon^ Still Waters, &c. ; but that 
he has forgotten none of his old skill during an absence of 
several years was soon clear. The vivacity united with pathos 
displayed by him, as Louise, proved such a true picture of 
woman's character as has not been seen since he last played 
here. Our other actors of female parts limit themselves to 
the beauty of repose, Mr. Wilson can delineate the finer feel- 
ings of a woman's nature. His hands and action in general 
are wonderfully correct, and his voice justly modulated. 

*' Madame Bctman ]Jsiv. D. Henniker] looked the gay 
matron all over, and played her part with some tact. 

has been played twice before by the ' A. D. C.,' so needs 

End of Sixth Year. 209 

few remarks now ; many of the performers now having played 

in it on the last occasion. 

Filippo Mr. "Weguelin. 

Leoni Mr. Hawkesworth. 

Bambogetti Mr. Steward. 

Brigadier Mr. Guest. 

Jerry Ominous Mr. Twiss. 

Carbineers Lord Hervey and 

Mr. Bankes. 

Rosetta Mr. Wilson. 

" The piece went well, better than any of the other pieces. 
Indeed on the Saturday night it went without a fault. Mr. 
Weguelin, Mr. Guest, and Mr. Twiss took the same charac- 
ters as before, and played them very well. 

*' Mr. Hawkesworth as Leoni was spirited, especially in the 
quarrel with Bambogetti, His anger was most capitally 
assumed, and the gradual rise of his wrath when induced by 
Jerry Ominous to pick the quarrel with Bambogetti, was 
artistically depicted. Mr. Steward made his d^but as Bam,- 
bogetti, and showed great power of comic acting. Indeed he 
shows as much promise as any who have lately appeared ; we 
only hope that he will continue to study his part as carefully 
as he has done. 

" Eosetta [Mr. Wilson] added much to the success of this 
piece by her spirited way of showing that she had a way of her 
own. She drew the dagger as if she meant it, and we can 
understand poor Jerry's alarm. 


Charles Beeswing • ♦ . . Mr. Grove. 
Mr. Chili Chutnee . « • • • Mr. Weguelin, 
Jacob Mutter Mr. Steward. 

" A very tolerable * first piece,' and that was all. Mr. 
Grove was, we must confess, not as good as he might have 
been in it. Mr. Weguelin, too, took the part of Chili Chut- 
nee, at eight hours' notice, Mr. Usborne, our * first old man,' 
having been seized by an attack of rheumatism. Under this 

2IO Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.d' Camb, 

disadvantage all we can say is, that lie played as well as we 
could expect. The only interest in the piece was centered in 
Jacob Mutter, who was in look, voice, and gesture most 
comic, and, we may say, saved the piece. What fun there 
was in the play could be heard by every one, for, unlike some 
whom we might name, all three actors spoke up through- 

The following speaks well for the proficiency of the scenic 
artists, all Club members, and gives a fair account of the 
burlesque : — 

*' It was necessary to have the theatrical week early — 
delays also took place in printing the piece ; consequently, 
when it at last came down, only ten days remained for 
rehearsing a piece of the most elaborate kind that has 
ever been *put on' here. We were, however, lucky in 
five painters, Messrs. Powell, Bouverie, Hambro, Hoffman, 
and Woodroffe, who worked at the seven scenes with un- 
tiring energy, as well as several others whose ambition 
reached no higher than laying on the first coat of ground- 
colour. Attendance at rehearsals, we are sorry to say, was 
not kept with the same punctuality as during the last term. 
Performers should always recollect that the absence of one 
character for even ten minutes, keeps all the others waiting, 
and when this is repeated, others lose confidence and become 
also unpunctual. Therefore, on Tuesday night the piece 
dragged its weary way along until 12 o'clock, and it became 
evident that it must be compressed, and so we cut out. Then 
it improved nightly, and latterly TNjas v^ry good. 

" The incidents are of a tolerably stirring sort throughout; 
no situations so strong as some* in The Seventh Shot, but 
its end is far more powerful than the end of that play, which 
was quite weak. 

*' Scene 1st, Wapping, with a view of the Thames, ex- 
tremely well painted by Powell. The imbecility of the water- 
men made the beginning lame : a roar of laughter followed, 

End of Sixth Year, 2 1 1 

when Billy rowed across the stage and danced in. He sings 
a very good song * Did you ever hear of a jolly young water- 
man,' and retires to prepare for the impending boat-race, for 
which he is in strict training. Volhj enters and is followed 
by BlackhroWf who in set terms declares his love, but is 
rejected. The duet — 

" * Ah ; my ear, your wit's a 


high-deadly blow." 

is a pretty one. Mr. Burnand was unable to sing in his 
usually effective manner, having scarcely recovered from an 
attack of bronchitis. Mr. Hudson sang it very fairly : it is 
impossible to criticise a song like this where one of the per- 
formers was incapacitated from singing, except with great 
efforts ; otherwise it would have been very well received. 

" Act II. A Carpenter's Scene. Blackhrow and Jonas 
concert measures for vengeance. It is curious how different 
Mr. Augustus Guest is in different characters and situations. 
Single words and half lines he always gives with great effect, 
and quite as they should be given, but he really quite spoilt 
this very comic speech by a kind of hesitation that never 
ought to beset him." 

The next scene would have been utterly impracticable on 
our old stage in the small room. 

*' The shipwreck takes place. 

** It was most ably arranged by Messrs. Powell and 

** Amid thunder and lightning the winged clouds, or clouds 
from the wings, cover all the wretched victims, and a drop 
painted by Mr. Hoffman is lowered, showing the crew on a 
raft at sea. 

" This was well done ; but as much had to be changed on 
the first night, it was kept down twenty minutes, during 
which thunder and lightning continued until, as one in the 
audience was heard to say, ' flesh and blood could stand it 

p 2 

2 1 2 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb, 

no longer.* On the subsequent nights, however, a species 
of bearfight or horseplay of savages was introduced, which 
served to amuse the audience (who could not in the least tell 
what it was all about), until the drop rising disclosed — 

" Scene YI. * The shores of Catchemalivica.' Too much 
cannot be said in praise of the painting of this scene. If any 
fault could be found, perhaps it was this, that the back drop 
was a little too distinct. Had it been less so, perhaps a still 
more effective illusion of distance might have been produced. 
A member had walked through the gauze-drop before the 
performance, which injured it slightly. But no doubt it was 
* the ' scene of the play — the savage dance was both novel and 
effective. Mr. Arthur Guest did his part exceeding well, 
and his make-up was irresistible." 

The County Night, March 2, 1861, was a novelty with a 
vengeance : here is an account taken from a weekly journal, 
then existing, called the Drawing Boom : — 

" Amateur Theatricals at Cambridge. 

" The * A. D. C Club, which, with the exception of one or 
two honorary members — old Cantabs — consists of under- 
graduates of the University, gave a series of performances 
last week, and their efforts met with an unusual amount of 
success. In addition to the resident undergraduates, Messrs. 
Weguelin, Twiss, and Burnand, honorary members, kindly lent 
their assistance on this occasion ; and a new burlesque from 
the joint pens of Messrs. Montagu Williams and F. C. 
Burnand, written expressly for the Club, was produced each 
evening during the week. The house was crowded nightly, 
but as the Prince of "Wales had signified his intention of being 
present on Saturday evening, and the Heads of the University, 
for the first time since the formation of the * A. D. C had 
consented to allow ladies to be admitted, that was of course 
' the ' evening of the week, and the entertainments passed off 
with the greatest possible ^claL As soon as the doors were 

End of Sixth Year. 2 1 3 

opened, the theatre was at once filled with the members of the 
University, and ladies and gentlemen from the county, and 
several who had come expressly from London. Immediately 
after the arrival of H.B.H. the Prince of Wales, the curtain 
was raised, and the performance commenced with Planch^' s 
comic drama of Not a Bad Judge, the characters in which 
were sustained by Messrs. Weguelin, Grove, Hawkesworth, 
Burnand, A. Guest, Grant, Becher and Henricher. The Lavater 
of Mr. Weguelin, and the Betmaii of Mr. Burnand were admi- 
rable performances ; the acting of the former reminding us 
very much of Mr. A. Wigan. Mr. Hawkesworth, as Christian j 
Mr. A. Guest, as Zug, and Mr. Wilson, as Louise, were all 
that the most fastidious could desire. After the drama, 
Maddison Morton's farce of A Thumping Legacy, was re- 
ceived with roars of laughter, and we are bound to say that 
the Jerry Ominous of Mr. Q. Twiss was the best piece of 
amateur acting we have ever witnessed. He was ably sup- 
ported by Messrs. Hawkesworth and Steward, as Leoni and 
Bamhogetti, The performances concluded with an original 
legitimately-nautical T.-P.-Cookical burlesque by Messrs. 
Montagu Williams and Burnand, entitled The Fair Maid of 
Wajunng, or The Tragical Tale of William Taylor, in which 
Mr. Q. Twiss as Billy Taylor, Messrs. Burnand and Guest 
as Blackhrow and Jonas, and Mr. F. Hudson as Polly the 
Fair Maid of Wapping, fairly divided the honours. The 
jokes and puns were as burlesque jokes ought to be — pain- 
fully funny — and the music was well chosen, and admirably 
sung. An immense amount of praise was decidedly due to 
Messrs. Powell, Bouverie, and Hoffman, the principal scenic 
artists, for the very great taste they displayed in painting the 
scenery. The wreck of the ship, and the last scene, where 
the audience is introduced to the King of the Cannibal 
Islands, were as well done as any we have ever seen in any 
of the London theatres ; in fact, no expense was spared to 
ensure success, and the Committee of the Club and their 
attentive Secretary, Mr. Kirby, may certainly congratulate 

2 1 4 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D, C^ Camb, 

themselves on having achieved it. The Prince of Wales, ac- 
companied by the Duke of St. Alban's, Colonel Bruce, and 
suite, waited until the conclusion of the performances, and 
his Royal Highness expressed himself highly pleased with 
the evening's entertainment." 

" Eea," March 9, 1861. 
"Amateur Theatricals at Cambridge. 

" On Saturday evening, March 2, 1861, an amateur perform- 
ance was given at the Hoop Hotel, Cambridge, by the members 
of the * A. D. C or Amateur Dramatic Club, before His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales, and a numerous assembly 
of ladies, and most of the distinguished luminaries of the 
various colleges. The pieces selected for repi'esentation were 
Mr. Planch^' s drama l<lot a Bad Judge y Mr. Maddison 
Morton's farce A Thumping Legacy, and a new burlesque 
extravaganza, called The Fair Maid of WajJjniig, or The 
Tragical Tale of William Taylor, written expressly for the 
occasion by Messrs. Montagu Williams and F. C. Burnand. 
It is to the exertions of the latter gentleman that this club 
owes its existence. The company consists entirely of 
members of the University, and the system of management 
is such as could only be attained after much practice by a 
body of gentlemen of education. The undergraduates not 
only act, but fill the menial offices — such for instance, as the 
posts of scene-shifters, property-men, and the like. The 
result is, as might be expected, a complete success. We do 
not propose to enlarge upon the acting of any particular 
individual on this occasion, it is rather our object to notice 
the admirable manner in which the pieces are put upon the 
stage. The credit of this is principally to be attributed to 
Mr. David Powell, the chief scenic artist, who, with consum- 
mate ingenuity, contrived to give a perfect representation of a 
ship in full motion, a storm at sea, and a wreck, terminating 
in the crew and passengers being cast on the shores of the 
Cannibal Islands ; this last effort being a most exquisitely 

End 0/ Sixth Year, 2 1 5 

painted tropical view, and almost worthy of Mr. William 
Beverly himself. All this, it should bo observed, is 
accomplished upon a stage about half the size of the Strand 
Theatre. Another distinguishing feature of this club is, that 
the female characters are sustained by men, and considering 
the difficulties with which they have to contend — such as 
voice, figure, and the like — the effect is remarkably good. 
The representative of Polly in the burlesque, both looked 
and acted his (her) part admirably. We understand that, in 
consequence of the Prince of Wales having signified his 
intention of honouring these performances with his presence, 
the authorities of the University called a meeting of the 
Senate, for the purpose of taking into consideration the 
subject of the existence of the Club being officially recognised. 
As the performance took place, it is to be presumed that the 
decision was given in its favour; and we cannot but con- 
gratulate the authorities upon their good sense in sanctioning 
an amusement which, while it is harmless in itself, must, 
from the time which must be consumed in arriving at any 
pitch of perfection in it, to a great extent contribute towards 
keeping its votaries out of harm's way. The principal 
characters were sustained by Messrs. Weguelin, F. C. 
Burnand, Arthur Guest, Augustus Guest, Grove, Jebb, 
Hawkesworth, Steward, Wilson, Grant, F. W. Hudson, and 
Quintin Twiss." 

"Era," December 8, 1861. 

*' Cambridge University Amateur Dramatic Club. 
" On Saturday, November 30th, His Royal Highness the 
Prince of Wales honoured the performance given by the 
* University Amateur Dramatic Club' (A.D.C.) with his 
presence. The theatre (which is an entirely private one, 
belonging to the Club) was most tastefully decorated, 
the front of the house presenting a very brilliant appear- 
ance, crowded as it was by ladies, who had received 
special invitations from the Committee — an exception to 

2i6 Per so al Reminiscences of the ''A. D.C' Camb. 

the general rule, which prohibits the presence of the fair 
sex either before or behind the curtain, — all the female parts 
in the performance being enacted by members of the 
University. His Eoyal Highness, who is himself a member 
of the Dramatic Club, visited the green-room, where the 
principal performers were presented to him. The pieces played 
on this occasion were Used-up; a new burlesque, specially 
written for the occasion by Mr. F. C. Burnand, called 
Alonzo the Brave, or Faust and the Fair Imogene ; and the 
farce of To Paris and Bach for Five Pounds; in which 
Mr. Q. Twiss played the hero Snozzle in a most amusing 
manner. The scenery in the burlesque, w^hich was admirably 
painted by Messrs. Powell and Bouverie, assisted by members 
of the Club, elicited great applause from the audience. The 
Prince quitted the rooms at the termination of the per- 
formance, and expressed himself much pleased with the 
entertainment, which seemed to have given general satis- 

" The following persons had the honour of receiving invita- 
tions to meet his Koyal Highness : — 

Master of Trinity, and Lady Affleck, The Portmans. 
Master of Sidney and Miss Phelps. 
Provost of King's and Mrs. Okes. 
The Vice-Chancellor and Mrs. Neville. 
Colonel and Mrs. Baker. 
Eev. and Mrs. Girdlestone. 
Duke of Leeds and Ladies Osborne (3). 
St. Quentens (4). 

Earl of Hardwicke and Ladies Yorke (3). 
Bishop of Worcester and Mrs. Philpott. 
Master of St. John's and Mrs. Bateson. 
Master of Downing. 
Desboronghs (3). 

Master of Christ's and Mrs. Cartwell. 
Professor Sedgwick. 
Mr. and Lady E. Adeane. 

Messrs. Burn, Bright, Clark, W. G. Gunson, Mathison, Blore, 
JLightfoot, Leapingwell. 

End of Sixth Year, 2 1 7 

" Some of these declined — there were actually present Lord 
F. Osborne and Ladies Osborne, Lady Affleck, Major-General 
and Mrs. Bruce, Herbert Fisher, St. Quenten (4), Master of 
Sidney and Mrs. Phelps, Eev. and Mrs. Girdlestone, Colonel 
Baker, Messrs. Burn, Bright, Blore, Clark, Leapingwell, 
Mathison, and sixty- seven friends of different members, who 
paid for their tickets 10s. Qd. each. Refreshments, tea, 
coffee, ices, &c., were provided by the * Hoop,' and served by 
the servants of the members. The lavatory was made 
a ladies' cloak-room. The ordinary benches were removed 
from the dais in the audience room, and their places supplied 
by settees covered witii crimson baize. The room thus held 
100 comfortably." 

The Master of Trinity, Dr. AVilliam Whewell, did not come, 
but imagine his having been invited to meet His Royal High- 
ness the Prince of Wales, the Master of Sidney, the Vice- 
Chancellor, and other " Heads," by that very society which had 
gradually developed itself out of the result of an unsatisfactory 
visit paid by an undergraduate, in his first year, to the Vice- 
Chancellor, in 1855, who would not sanction the proceedings 
of the unfortunate Box and Cox, not Fellows of Trinity. 

The next entry after this is, — 

** This day the extension of the stage was completed without 
any expense to the Club, the donation of ^£10 from H.R.H. 
the Prince of Wales being applied thereto, and the rest made 
up by the generosity of Mr. Hambro. 

"Another committee meeting was held on May 17th, in 
Mr. Kirby's rooms, when 

H.RH. The Prince of Wales 

was elected an honorary member of the Club. Also the follow- 
ing gentlemen : — 

W. S. Sandes Trin. 

J. M. Wells Trin! 

were elected members. 

2 1 8 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D. C!' Camb, 

** It was agreed that the performances should take place on 
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, the 23rd, 24th, 25th May, 
heing first three days of the examinations for degrees.** 

I copy the above verbatim, hut I have also seen the Prince's 
name at the head of a contemporary list as " Honorary Pre- 
sident." At all events it is to His Koyal Highness that the 
Club owes its open recognition by the highest university 



The following is an extract from Mr. Kirby, the secretary's 
note : — 

" Theatrical Week, March 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 1862. 

"The 'A. D. C has passed through a severe trial, and 
has triumphed. It has long been said that the Club depended 
for its dramatic successes mainly on its founder, F. C. 
Burnand, and old acting members, and that, should a time 
come, as it must, when none of them could aid us, the Club 
must inevitably fail to support its reputation. That these 
opinions were unsound has been amply shown by the present 
performances. Not a single old member, except Mr. Preston, 
took a pai-t, and we did not fail. We may mention, however, 
that the valuable assistance of Mr. J. Clarke, of the Strand 
Theatre, was freely given, and in consequence the burlesque 
was put on with more knowledge of the * business ' than the 
actors generally show. A drop-scene by Calcott presented by 
J. W. Clark, Trin. Coll., who became a member of the Club, 
was greatly admired, and the lime-light introduced on our 
stage for the first time increased the effect of Zerlina's bed- 
room scene considerably. The elections of new members have 
introduced several good actors to the Club, who promise to 
sustain its present reputation in after-years — a contrast to 

2 20 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C" Camb. 

some of our members who have never acted, sold tickets, 
or done anj^thing to support the Club, except by subscrib- 
ing one guinea, and occupying reserved seats at per- 

*' In fine we have every reason to consider the Club in a 
state of peace and prosperity. 

** The pieces played on this occasion were On and Off, Poor 
Pillicoddy, Our Wife, Twice Killed, Fra Diavolo, 


Mr. Peter Dimducketty . . . Mr. "W. Everett. 

Mr. Chas. Lanj^liton . . . Mr. Saumauez. 

Mr. Alphonso de Pentonville . . Mr. Bigwood. 

Three Musicians . . . . Messrs. Humberstox, 

AcLAND, and Ashton. 

Letitia Mr. Arbuthnot. 

Mrs. Muffit Viscount Pollington. 

Servant Viscount Amberley. 

"A slight but laughable farce — the interest of which was 
sustained throughout, Mr. W. Everett* playing with his 
usual vivacity. Mr. Saumarez wants more vigour in his 
style of playing- — having been used to act female characters, 
he has not quite got over the mincing style he then employed 
with effect. Mr. Bigwood as Alphonso was in make-up 
inimitable, and his acting for the part good. He only wants a 
little more courage ; his part was a thorough success. The 
musicians were as good as any who earn a shilling a night on 
the London boards. Letitia — Arbuthnot — very successful, 
figure, dress, manner, and deportment all good. He will make 
an excellent first lady — one hint only — to speak a little louder. 
Viscount Pollington, as usual, thoroughly at home in his part, 
and played it with good spirit. He has improved immensely, 
simply from the great attention he pays to the words and 
meaning of the author. 

" Son of the American Minister, and author of On the Cam. 

Running alone hi 1862, 



Mr. Pillicoddy {Nurseryman) 

Capt. O'Scuttle . 

Mrs. Pillicoddy 

Mi-s. O'Scuttle . 

Sarah .... 

Mr. Finch. 
Mr. Aug. Guest. 
Hon. C. Carington. 
Mr. Wells. 


** Thoroughly successful and received with roars of laughter. 
Each actor had a part which suited him exactly. Mr, Pilli' 
coddy is certainly one of Mr. Finch's happiest efforts. The 
jealous nurseryman contrasted well with Capt. O'Scuttle. Mr. 
Guest seldom shows that thorough knowledge of his part 
which a captious critic might require — in this, however, he 
was at home — the piece had been well rehearsed, which 
tended greatly to its success, though we think that Messrs. 
Finch and Guest between them, especially if aided by Mr. 
Carington, could carry off any farce to the satisfaction of our 
audiences. The latter gentleman was dressed with his usual 
good taste, and acted well — Lord Pollington also played the 
part of Sarah very well — the * chambermaid * line is about 
his best, we think ; he plays these characters with suitable 
vivacity, and attends to the stage business not the audience, a 
point in which so many might copy him. Mrs. O'Scuttle 
(Mr. Wells) was very fair, but still, as last term, shows some 
of that uneasiness which men acting women-characters often 
exhibit. He should also endeavour to throw out his voice 
more than he does. 


Marquis de Ligny 
Count de Brissac 
Dumont . 
First Officer 
Second Officer 
Messenger . 
Rosine . 
Mariette . 

Mr. Hope Grant. 
Hon. T. DE Grey. 
Mr. Preston. 
Mr. Edwards. 
Mr, AclaNd. 
Mr. Ix)NGfield. 
Mr. Arbuthnot. 
Hon. C. Carington. 
Mr. Sanderson. 

This piece was prepared at the request of Mr. Preston, who 

222 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C'^ Camb, 

took the part of Pomaret. As the stage manager had quite 
enough to do in preparing the four other pieces, and was not 
engaged in this, and as Mr. Preston was in town until the 
day before it was performed, the piece, though a regular two- 
act comedy, was only once rehearsed, and a niiserable failure was 
the result. Several of the actors did not know their parts at 
all. The first Act was very fairly sustained, principally by 
Mr. Preston, who showed all his old vigour in acting, matured 
by several years of experience. The second act was noticeable 
only for the exertions of Mr. Evans, our talented prompter, 
who sustained an animated mono-polylogue throughout. 
Hon. T. de Grey did not take the right view of the character 
of Brissac, he woefully overplayed it, making the poor Count 
seem a third-rate contortionist, rather than one of the ancient 
noblesse. He has, however, clearly good powers, and a few 
lessons from some professional would make him a very effec- 
tive actor. We may add that Mr. Sanderson, unlike the rest, 
did know his part." 

This hint as to the beneficial effect of a little professional 
coaching shows in what direction they were moving. In the 
earlier days of the " A. D. C" such an idea would never have 
entered into our heads. A professional would have overawed 
us, and our originality would have been " nipped in the 

I continue the Extract of Kirby : — 

** A screaming farce was produced on the Saturday night. 


Mr. Euclid Facile 

Mr. Ralph Reckless 


Mr. Holdfast . 

Mr, Fergus Fable 


Mrs. Facile . 

Miss Julia Flighty 

Tawny Pepper 

Mr. Finch. 
Mr. Aug. Guest. 
Mr. T. Edwards. 
Mr. Saumancey. 
Mr. Ai{THUR Guest. 
Viscount Ambekley. 
Mr. Sanderson. 
Mr. Arbuthnot. 


Running alone in 1862. 22 


*' No one knew his part at all. Mr. Finch, whose character 
was that of a pedantic old fellow who carries a work on 
Hydrostatics about with him, very wisely carried a * Lacy ' 
instead. The others were not so fortunate. We watched it 
carefully, hut could ascertain nothing from the progress of the 
piece, except that Mr. Euclid Facile thought that he had 
thrown Reckless out of the window (who was really hidden 
under the sofa). No other character but these two exhibited 
the least individuality. Still as the piece is one which 
depends mainly on the two low comedians, and leaves room 
for unlimited * gag,' a luxury in which all largely indulged, 
it went very well. We must compliment the ladies in parti- 
cular : Mr. Sanderson * makes up ' well, acts carefully, and 
promises to be a great acquisition to the Club, as does also 
Mr. Arbuthnot when he conquers his timidity, which, how- 
ever, sat on him well. Tom seems a good actor, and deserved 
a better part." 

Mr. Kirby was severe in his criticisms. When the mem- 
bers subsequently got hold of the book, and like the Admiral 
in the ballad of Billy Taylor, " came for to hear on it," they 
w^ere not best pleased with the notices. 


Or, the beauty AND THE BRIGANDS. 

Lord AUcash Mr. Arthur Guest. 

Era Diavolo A. de Rothschilt). 

Matteo Hon. T. de Grey. 

Lorenzo Mr. Aug. Guest. 

^^rP^ I Two Brigands i Mr. Finch 

Giacomo ) ( Mr. Hope Grant. 

Francisco Mr. Bigwood. 

Antonio Mr. Acland. 

Zerlina Hon. C. Carington. 

Lady Allcash Viscount Pollington. 

Carbineers, Villagers, Peasant Girls. 

Here is the honest Secretary's opinion on this performance ; 
he was evidently delighted at having secured the services of 

2 24 Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.CT Camb. 

*' Johnny Clarke " as their professional coach. He seems to 
have succeeded in bringing the " supers " up to something 
above the usual happy-go-lucky-amateur super level. 

" This burlesque owed its unqualified success to the exertions 
of Messrs. Guest, Finch, &c., aided by Mr. J. Clarke of the 
Strand Theatre. This gentleman, who once played Lorenzo in 
the burlesque, came down three times, and gave his valuable 
assistance in rendering every song and every situation in the 
piece telling and effective. The scenery too, as superintended 
by Messrs. Powell and Howard, was far more magnificent than 
we have ever put on the stage. We never remember a better 
disciplined or more numerous body of * supers.' The only 
objection to the burlesque that we have heard is, that it is 
deficient in plot. Besides which, if we remember that Alonzo 
has two distinct plots, we may argue that the Cambridge 
public is becoming hypercritical. 

" The piece opened with a chorus of Carbineers, Messrs. 
Acland, Chapman, Humberston, Ashton, and Pullen, who were 
very well dressed by May — we may mention here that the 
supers in general knew w^hen to come on, what to do when 
on the stage, and when to go off far better than usual. Mr. 
Guest acted the part of Lorenzo very well — we think it is his 
happiest character, except perhaps that of Kilian, in The 
Seventh Shot, His comic business in Scene 3, * Lorenzo in a 
state of gin and water,' was particularly good, and showed 
that he had studied his own part carefully, as well as rehears- 
ing the piece in general. His two songs were well received 
— * The Cork Leg ' and * Nelly Gray '—the latter of which, 
though now out of date, was very funny, and the * sensation 
tears ' was a capital bit of business. Both songs were encored 
nightly — Mr. Guest, though, is still not so perfect in the 
* words ' as he should be ; he has also a bad habit of craning 
over the footlights, in order to see his audience, which throws 
his own face into the shade. 

** The part of Fra Diavolo, generally so uninteresting (it 

. . Rtmning alone in 1862, 225 

was played originally by Miss Swanborough), really became 
quite interesting in the hands of Mr. A. de Eothschild. He 
devoted great pains to dressing and rehearsing the words 
and songs, which, added to a natural talent for acting, a 
pleasing manner, and a good carriage on the stage, made his 
cUhut perfectly successful. Though he has not a powerful 
voice, he sang well, and his song, * I am a Simple Muleteer,' 
was encored. In fact, ho was a most graceful Brigand, and 
thoroughly realized the character. 

*^ Matteo (Hon. T. do Grey) slightly overacted his part. 
He promises well though, and has the stuff of a good actor in 
him ; all he wants is experience. 

*' Beppo (Mr. Finch), a most melodramatic scoundrel, was 
perfection in make-up and in acting. Some men act well by 
nature, others by careful study — he has clearly united both. 
The fight in Scone 2 was most cleverly done, and his duet 
with Glacomo took amazingly. * It is hard to put the hand ' 
with appropriate action, being encored nightly. In all this 
he was ably supported by Mr. Hope Grant as Giacomo. 
All the scenes went so perfectly, that it was clear they had re- 
hearsed them long and carefully, a point which all amateurs 
should observe, as that only vrill or can make a scene * go ' as 
it should. 

*' We were certainly surprised and pleased with Mr. Car- 
ington as Zerlina. We knew, of course, that he would 
make-up well, especially with Mr. Sutherland's aid, but we 
hardly thought he would prove as good in burlesque as he did 
last year in comedy, or, that he would so soon prove a worthy 
successor of Mr. F. Hudson. His songs were well sung, his 
acting neat, and seems always able to dispose of his hands — 
and in all his scenes, especially in Scene 3, that most difficult 
one, he was always at his ease — so very hard for a man in 
such a character to accomplish. 

" Lord PoUington as Lady Allcash played with great 
animation. He made it one of the best characters in the 
piece. It was easy to see in his acting on this occasion what 


226 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D. C" Camb, 

we have said before, that he always seems to have thoiLght over 
the part more than the other actors, his actions and language 
being generally so appropriate. He was well supported by 
Mr. Arthur Guest, as Lord Allcashy who took the part at 
short notice, Mr. Currey being ill. 

^'Francesco (Mr. Bigwood) came on to be kicked off, 
and was kicked off accordingly. We hope to see him soon in 
a more important part, as his success in On and Off proves 
him an actor. 

" Antonio (Mr Acland) played his unimportant part with 
skill and dexterity. From him we pass, by a very slight step, 
to the ' supers,' who were a good lot, upon the whole. Mr. 
Troyte gave valuable assistance on the stage. The changing 
of scenes is greatly impeded by the members who crowd on 
the stage during the performance. Some, it is true, offer 
assistance, but, as they are usually ignorant of the principles 
of the art of scene-shifting, they obstruct those whose business 
it is. Not only that, but members bring friends on the stage, 
even resident undergraduates. Surely it would be enough to show 
the stage after the performance instead of during it ? Visitors 
also flock into the dressing-room, often totally unacquainted 
with the actors, but brought by their friends to see what they 
can — a course which not only does away with scenic illusions, 
which it is our object to produce, but annoys the men who are 
dressing, several of whom have complained grievously about 
it. It is perhaps not too much to hope that members will 
prefer the good of the Club, and the wishes of some of its 
members, to the private pleasure of patronising a friend." 

It is instructive to remark the eagerness of the uninitiated 
to take advantage of any opportunity of * going behind the 
scenes,' even on the stage of an amateur club ; and the proud 
position of any one who had the entree, 

" The music was, upon the whole, better than usual. Sippel 
exerted himself greatly, thanks to Mr. Bigwood. The 
burlesque was improved by our hiring the original score 

Running alone in 1862. 


copies from the Strand Theatre, while Mr. Charles led the 
choruses with great ahility. Mr. T. Edwards deserves a 
corner to himself, he danced so well and- so gracefully as to be 
encored every night, and his dance was not only the success 
of the scene, but one of the most admired jDoints in the whole 

*' At a committee meeting on May 11th, 

C. A. Ry croft . 
R. Ileathcote 

Trin. Hall. 
Trill. Coll. 

were elected members of the Club. 

"At the ordinary general meeting of the Club, held in the 
Rooms on June, 18G2, the following gentlemen were duly 
elected by the Club to serve on the committee for the October 
Term :— 

W. A. Bankes . 

Trin. Hall 

. President. 

Hon. C. Cariii^'tou 

Trin. . 

. Stage-Manager. 

G. Howard . 

. Trin. 

. Superintendent of Scenery. 

T. F. Kirby 

. Trin. . 

. Treasurer and Secretaiy. 

E.H. Wynne. 

. Trin. . 

. Prompter. 

A. de Rothscliikl 

Trin. . 

. Orcliestra-]\Ianager. 

C. A. W. Troyte . 

. Trin. 

. Director of Machinery, 

W. m. Currey . 

. Trin. . 

. Assistant Stage-Manager." 

Nothing could please the old members more than the con- 
tinued prosperity of a Club for which, in their time, they had 
worked so hard, and to which they have all been so warmly 

The secretaries who have kept the annals, have recorded 
with what regi-et they have said farewell to the " old book," 
and strong bonds of good-fellowship still unite those, who, 
now separated from one another by the various duties of life, 
can look back to their earlier time, when, in their little world, 
they all put their shoulders to the same wheel, and went at it 
heart and soul. 




After this gratifying independent success, the Cluh com- 
menced its eighth year by resting for a May Term, — which we 
never did, as we preferred one performance to none at all, — 
and the Secretary makes the following remarks and resume: — 

" This Term was so short that no performance could be given. 
A performance in the May Term is at best a losing concern, 
and would have been particularly so upon this occasion, as 
the degree examination succeeded the boat-races immediately. 

*' There were ten nights of performance in the year 1861-62, 
for which 1116 tickets were sold, producing an average 
audience of 111*6 per night. For the previous year, 1860-61, 
1183 tickets were sold for eighteen nights, an average of 91 
per night ; but if we deduct as exceptional the three perform- 
ances given in May 1861, it appears that the average in 1860- 
61 was only lOO'S. 

" Thus the audience have increased in the year by an average 
of 11*1 per night. 

" The following persons not being members of the University 
have usually been invited to one performance by the Club : — 

Mr. Metcalfe, onr Printer, giver of " The Cambridge Memorials." 

Mr. Hoppett, Marker at Trinity College. 

Mr. Ekin, our Landlord. 

Sergt.-Major Cox,* of tlie the University Volunteers. 

Mr. Bulstrode, our Upholder, Carpenter, &c. 

Mr. Todd, his managing Clerk. 

* I am so glad to observe this name historio in the annals of the A. D. C. 
{vide Chapter I.— The First Step). But what has become of Box ? Has he 
deserted ? And where is General Bouncer ? 

Eighth Year, 229 

*' The tutors and deans of Trinity College are always invited, 
and Mr. Mathison, senior tutor, has the entree to all the 
performances, in return for his kindness to the Club on several 

• " Thos. T. KmBY, Seer ' 

"About this time a new glass chandelier was presented to 
the Club by Messrs. Bankes and Troyte. A clock for the 
dressing-room, new fitted up, was given by Hon. C. Caring- 
ton, stage-manager." 


"Messrs. Bankes, Troyte, and Patrick deserve the thanks 
of the Club for their beautiful present of a book for containing 
photographs, in which members are invited to place their 
* cartes de visite.' " 

The Club at the commencement of its eighth year was 
amassing treasure. The library was growing, and the 
writing accommodation at this time really astonished me, 
when I remembered how difficult it was in our primitive days 
to get anything to write on, whether note-paper or table, and 
anything to write with, in the rooms which served us for 
stage, auditorium, green-room, dressing-room, and all. On 
a ehange tout cela. 

But the idea of the tutors and deans being always invited, 
and the senior tutor having the right conferred on him by the ' 
Club to wander at his own sweet will behind the scenes, all 
over the Club, just wherever he choose, — how gratifying 
this to the old original members, who met in fear and 
secresy, who kept hidden the true meaning of the mystic 
initials " A. D. C," and who had scouts placed, and a ladder 
ready for escape over the roof of the adjoining brewery ! At 
last the Club was recognized, and in those primitive days it 
was recognition that we carefully avoided. 

By the request of H.E.H. the Prince of Wales, on this 
occasion a performance was given to which ladies were ad- 

230 Pa'sonal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C^ Camb, 

mitted, similar to, but even more successful than, that of 
March 2n(i. The pieces performed were — 

Used, U}^, Alonzo the Brave, and To Paris and Back, 

All of which were well received. The hits in the burlesque 
all made as well as they had done on the ordinary nights, 
which was considered a great triumph. The room was 
crowded, but not to excess ; we might have sold fifty more 
tickets had we been inclined to do so. The performances 
commenced at 7.30 and concluded by 11.30. The company, 
however, were not all clear of the rooms until twelve o'clock. 
Kefreshments were provided by Miss Palmer and Litchfield. 
The Club invited the following guests : — 

Duke of Leeds, Lord and Ladies Osborne (3). 

Eaii of Hardwicke and Countess, Lady Agnes Gorst. 

Mr. and Lady E. Adeane. 

Mr., Mrs., and Miss Portman. 

Mr., Mrs., and Miss St. Quentens. 

Mr. and Mrs. G. Newton (of Croxton). 

Mr. and Mrs. Newton (of Tlie Downs). 

Mr., Mrs., and Miss Daynell. 

Lady Affleck and party (3). 

Master of Magdalene, Mrs. Neville and party (3). 

Provost of King's and Miss Okes (2). 

Master of Sidney and Mrs. Phelps. 

Professor Kingsley and Mrs. Kingsley. 

Colonel and Mrs. Baker. 

Mr. and Mrs. Girdlestone. 

Mr., Mrs., and Miss Pemberton (of Newton). 

Mr. Pemberton (of Trumpington). 

Mr. Birbeck and the Greek Professor. 

Messrs. Blue, Burn, Bright, Clark, W. G. Gunson, Mathison. 

Mr. G. Sutherland (who painted the drop). 

And seventy-eight friends of members were paid for. The 
seats were arranged very well by Mr. Hambro, and 'the com- 
pany, we have reason to believe, were generally pleased with 
all the arrangements. H.K.H. the Prince of Wales arrived 
punctually with his suite. 

Eighth Year. 231 

The " Times," June m, 1864. 

*' After a few hours of much needed rest last evening, 
their Koyal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales, 
and the Duke of Cambridge, honoured the Vice-Chancellor 
and Mrs. Cookson with their company at dinner in the hall 
of St. Peter's College. At half-past eight the royal visitors 
proceeded to the small private theatre in Jesus Lane, belong- 
ing to the Cambridge Amateur Dramatic Club, more gene- 
rally, however, known by the abbreviated name of * A. D. C* 
The building itself is calculated to contain about 100 
visitors; and as considerably more than that number 
obtained tickets of admission, the result was rather a packed 
audience. The performances consisted of the burlesque of 
Aladdin, or the Wonderful Scamj), and Wkitehait at Green- 
ivicli. The talent displayed by the gentlemen forming the 
Club, and who took part in the performance, seemed to be 
highly appreciated by the select audience; and the Prince 
and Princess of Wales, with the Duke of Cambridge, were 
evidently as much delighted as the other visitors, for their 
royal highnesses remained during the performance of both 
pieces. A remarkable proof of the effects of perseverance 
under difficulties is shown by the present position of this 
Club. When founded it was necessary to have performances 
almost by stealth, in order to avoid the hostility of the 
proctors ; but it has flourished, notwithstanding, under the 
protecting care of its founder, Mr. Burnand, and rejoices in 
having the Prince of Wales as hon. president." 

The *' Standakd," June ith, 

*' At a few minutes before nine, the royal visitors, attended 
by their suite, went to the little theatre belonging to the 
Amateur Dramatic Club. This Club owns the * Hoop Inn,' 
and has a room in it fitted up with a stage and scenery, a pit 
in front, and over all a gallery. The seats for the royal 

232 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A .D.C" Camb. 

party were riglit under the face of the gallery, the front of 
which, as well as other parts of the room, were draped with 
the flags of the various colleges; and the orchestra was 
occupied by some members of the rifle band. The curtain 
rose to a well-filled house on the farce of Whitebait at Green- 
tvich, wherein every one of the actors did so uncommonly well 
that it would be invidious to name any of them. The house 
was in roars all the time the farce lasted, and at its close the 
applause was unanimous, the Prince and the Duke of Cam- 
bridge expressing as loudly as anyone their satisfaction, the 
latter none the less that several allusions in the piece to the 
commander-in-chief were pointed by the laughter of the 

*' The second piece was Mr. Byron's burlesque, Aladdin, or 
the Wonderful Seamp ; and here, as in the last piece, the 
female characters were sustained by young undergrads in 
such a way as left nothing to be desired, save, perhaps, a little 
slenderness in the ankles. The acting was so thoroughly good 
that the actors deserve to have their names in print. The follow- 
ing was the cast : — 

The Sultan Mr. Finch. 

The Vizier . 



Abanazar . 


The Slave of the Lamp 

The Genius of the lling 

The "Widow Twankey 

Princess Badroulboudour 

Mr. C. Hall. 
Hon. A. Stiiutt. 
Plon. C. Cahixgton. 


Mr. Buchanan. 
Mr. Floweh. 
Mr. TwLss. 
Mr. Seymour. 

Maidens, mandarins, and the rest of the Chinese population 
by Messrs. Pellew, Tottenham, Swaine, France, Kcwnian, Den- 
man, Powlett, . Lowry-Corry, Stevenson, Usborne, Macnaghten, 
Hood, and "Willes. 

" The scenery was admirably managed, and one scene in 
particular, showing the cave where the rubies and diamonds 
grew, was superb. The dresses were rich, and indeed every- 
thing was beyond criticism. It was emphatically the best 

Eighth Year. 233 

amateur performance we ever attended, and it reflected tlie 
utmost credit upon the president of the cluh, the Hon. A. 

Strutt, and upon the stage manager, Mr. Williamson." 

" Daily Telegraph," June ith. 

*'Who or what may he meant by the *A. D. C. ?' is 
possibly a question outside Cambridge ; but there is no pre- 
vailing ignorance on the subject within the university. 
Everybody here knows that the company of amateur histrionics 
who last evening had the honour of entertaining the Priuco 
and Princess of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge, and nearly 
three hundred ladies and gentlemen beside, were formed 
seven years ago by Mr. F. C. Burnand ; that for a time the 
little troop played with closed doors, and in the fear of 
proctors ; that they have now for their honorary president the 
Prince of Wales himself, whose name on the list of members, 
by-the-by, appears among the W's somewhat in this 
fashion, — Watson, Adolphus ; Wales, Prince of; Walker, 
John : and that, in short, there is no sounder institution 
connected with the University of Cambridge than the * A. D. 
C or Amateur Dramatic Company, whose performance on 
the occasion of the royal visit was a notable point of the 
entire programme. The members of the * A. D. C speak of 
their old room, or theatre, as a small one, and it must have 
been very small indeed if by comparison they consider their 
present quarters large. The rooms which they now tenant 
once formed part of the *Hoop Hotel,' from which they have 
been cut off. They were, in fact, the old Union Rooms ; 
then they were turned into billiard rooms; and then 
they were taken in hand by the ' A. D. C who have 
made them vdiat they are. And what they really are can 
only be known by those who saw them filled by such a 
company as that of last night. The auditorium is a square 
chamber, with a gallery at the back. The ground space 

234 Personal Reminiscences of the ^' A, D.d' Camb, 

between this gallery and the stage is occupied by four rows 
of chairs — no more : but there are several other rows at the 
back. The royal visitors last evening sat in the row just in front 
of the gallery. In a line with them were the Duke of Devon- 
shire, the Duke and Duchess of Manchester, Lady Spencer, 
and Lady Morton. During the performance, which was 
relished exceedingly, the Prince recognized and shook hands 
with several old friends, and much hilarity was caused by 
frequent mention of the * Commander-in-Chief,' on the part 
of one Glimmer, in the farce, who has continual business to 
transact with the Commander-in-Chief, and who opines that 
there are many things which cannot be done in a day — the 
Commander-in-Chief being one of them. Turning to the 
Duke of Cambridge, the Prince was heard to say — or else 
rumour was mistaken in the syllables — * You're catching it.' 
The lady characters were played in a gentlemanly way ; and 
it must have been remarked by nearly all present, that Mr. 
Seymour, who enacted the Princess Badroulboudour, looked 
wonderfully like his sister, Lady Spencer. The following is 
a copy of the programme, which was emblazoned on white 
satin, with a gold fringe, for the use of the royal party : — 

"On Tliurstlay evening, June 2, 18G4, will be presented the scream- 
ing farce, by T. Maddison Morton, Esq., entitled Whitebait at Greenicich. 
' John Small,' Mr. Twiss ; ' Mr. Bnzzard,' Mr. Finch ; * Mr. Glimmer,' 
Mr. C. Hall ; 'Lncretia Buzzard,' Mr. Pulleine ; 'Sally,' Mr. Flower. 
To conclude with a burlesque extravaganza, by H. J. Byron, Esq., 
entitled, Aladdin; or, The Wonderful Scamx). 'The Sultan,' Mr. Finch ; 
' The Yizier,' Mr. C. Hall ; ' Pekoe,' Hon. A. Strutt ; ' Aladdin,' Hon. 
C. Carington ; ' Abanazar ' (a magician), Mr. F. C. Bumand ; * Te-to- 
tum ' (an attendant), Mr. de Michele ; ' The Slave of the Lamp,' Mr. 
Buchanan ; ' The Genius of the Eing,' Mr. Flower ; ' The Widow 
Twankay ' (Aladdin's mother), Mr. Twiss ; ' Princess Badroulboudour,' 
Mr. Seymour. Maidens, mandarins, and the rest of the Chinese popu- 
lation, Messrs. Pellew, Tottenham, Swaine, France, Newman, Denman, 
Lowry-Corry, Stevenson, Usborne, Macnaghten, Hood, and Willes." 

" The dons, who, with the single exception of the most un- 
popular man among them, countenance the pleasing labours 

Eighth Year, 235 

of the * A. D. C.,' are surely taking a sensible course, for 
there can be no more decided or mischievous folly than a 
systematic opposition to harmless amusements, in college, or 
anywhere else soever." 

By this time I had become a member of the Dramatic 
Authors' Society, and the a rg amentum ad jwcketum weighed 
as cogently with me as with the " Elder Brethren " at the 
office in King Street, Covent Garden, who now began to in- 
quire into the nature of the performances at the **A. D. C," 

It was decided by the D. A. S. that the " A. D. C." was 
** in a parlous state," and I was deputed to act as inter- 
mediary between the two secretaries representing the two 
societies. Here is the result — 

" The Dramatic Authors' Society " wrote through their 
secretary, J. Stirling Coyne, Esq., to F. C. Burnand, thus — 

"Dramatic Authors' Society, 
"28, King Street, Covent Garden, W.C. 
^'January \ith, 1862, 

**My dear Burnand, 

" The Committee of this Society perceive that the 
Cambridge University A. D. C. have been (inadvertently I am 
sure) infringing on the rights of the Dramatic Authors by 
playing their pieces without permission or payment of the 
usual fee — viz., 10s. for each representation of a piece belong- 
ing to any of our authors — I have taken some pains to learn 
how these performances are conducted, and have no doubt 
that they come under the Act 3 & 4 Will. IV. cap. 15, and 
that we could recover penalties from the amateurs. We 
prefer, however, an amicable arrangement. I therefore write 
to you for the purpose of requesting you to make known to 
the society of the A. D, C. the claims of this society." 

236 Personal Reminiscences of the ^'A.D.CP Camb. 

*' Upon referring to the Act aforesaid, it appeared that we 
were clearly liable. The words *' any place of dramatic enter- 
tainment " being most comprehensive. Some correspondence 
took place, and the secretary had an interview with Mr* 
Stirling Coyne, at 28, King Street, Covent Garden, ending in 
an agreement to pay the sum demanded. Montagu Williams, 
Esq., a member of the Dramatic Authors' Committee, wrote 
in the most handsome way giving us leave to play any of his 
pieces without charge." 

A general meeting was held in the Rooms on February 14th. 
Mr. P. S. Trict was unanimously elected assistant stage- 

Resolved — " Thai the suhscrlption for' the Term he raised to 
£1 10s. to meet the unexpected claim of the Dramatic 

At a Committee meeting previously held in Mr. PowelFs 

F. C. B. Acland . 

Trin. Coll. 

E. W. Chapman .... 


J. H. Humberston . . . 

. Magd. Coll 

W. A. Longfield .... 

Trin. Coll. 

Lord Amberley 


E. A. Catt 


Hon. A. Strutt 


were elected members of the *' A. D. C." 




My last appearance, but one, on tliese boards. Here, too, 
ceases almost entirely the record of the acting. If another has 
been kept since, I have not seen it, and if it exists I leave to 
other hands its publication. Aladdin was as big a success as 
Alonzo had been. The diiference in the style of the two 
burlesques — the latter being the outcome of the Robsonian 
tradition, and the former the child of what was then the new 
Strand company, with their dash-away, sparkling, dancing 
fashion — marks an era. 

The "A.D.C." had poor little Johnny Clarke to coach them. 
Of this "coaching " I most thoroughly disapproved. The re- 
sult, in my opinion, was not one whit more satisfactory than the 
form oiAlonzo, VillUdns, Lord Lovel, Seventh Shot, Fair Maid 
of Waj)pincj, Turkish Waters, Blue Beard, orBonihastes, when 
we trusted to ourselves for stage management and for acting. 
To employ "a coach " seems to me to be a lazy proceeding, 
injurious to originality, both of conception and practical illus- 
tration. That lectures on the dramatic art giving general 
principles, with illustrations by historic examples, would be an 
excellent thing, I am the first to admit, and I would be among 
the first to propose and to assist in furthering such a scheme 
at the University ; but that intelligent, well-educated young 
men should be made into mere puppets, repeating what per- 
haps a second-rate actor, or even a fair actor of limited re- 

238 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D.C." Camb, 

sources, would tell them at secondhand, himself only copying 
originals, is a system that should at once he discouraged. 

Let pupils in the dramatic school note the general prin- 
ciples of the art, and then apply them to particular instances. 
Let them study the character they have to portray, master it 
thoroughly, and then decide to the hest of their ahility how 
such a character would behave in certain given circumstances. 
Dramatic cause and effect would then be reasoned out, and 
fixed on a sure basis. 

As a rule, the ordinary professional actor would be unable 
to give you the reason why he made an effect which, in 
ninety-eight cases out of a hundred, would not be original 
but traditional. 

Unfortunately for the stage, the dramatic art has come to 
be considered as something that any one can acquire in any 
haphazard, rough-and-tumble way. It is called a *' self-edu- 
cating profession," and, judging by the slip-slop pronuncia- 
tion, the poor elocution, the frequent absence of aspirates, the 
self-conscious attitudes, and the awkward bearing of so many, 
it is evident the theatrical profession, left to itself for educa- 
tion, is a very indifferent, if not an absolutely bad, school. 

But to return to these performances of October Term, 

Peeformances Nov. 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th. 

" The performances, as usual in this Term, were very suc- 
cessful, and were remarkably so on this occasion, from the 
unrivalled * cast ' which the stage manager was able to make of 
every piece. 

" The following pieces were acted — 

Samuel in Search of Himself , 
A Practical Man, 
WJiitchait at Greemvich, 
Box and Cox, 
Aladdin {Burlesque), 

October Term, 1862, 239 

*'It is a curious proof of the excellence of the acting, that 
the house, which was thinner than usual on the Tuesday 
and Wednesday, was, on the latter nights, crowded to excess. 
The attendance on Friday night must have recalled to old 
members present the memorable performance of Faast in 
1859, when thirty visitors never got past the door. The 
fiction of ' reserved seats ' can hardly have retained its credit. 

" It is not to be wondered at that the room was so full, when 
we think of the attractions which the very names of Burnand, 
Finch, Twiss, and Weguelin have for the rising generation. 
But the acting on this occasion was not like that which we 
see in country theatres, which we have seen on our own stage 
in past times, when two or three * stars ' from London are 
feebly supported by the local talent: on the contrary, the 
acting of the resident members (though not such practised 
hands as our London friends) in spirit and evidence of careful 
study and innate power, fully equalled that of the older 
members. This is due to the care of the stage manager and 
his assistant Lord Polliugton,, and to the rehearsal with Mr. 
J. Clarke, of the R. S. T., whose services were secured to 
* coach ' the burlesque/' 

The fact is, they were allowing the office and work of a 
stage manager — or, as we used to call it, acting manager, 
meaning "manager of acting" — to become a mere sinecure. 
There is no more interesting department of dramatic art than 
that of stage manager. 

The stage manager should be a host in himself; not a 
great actor, but the cause of great acting in others. He 
should be discriminating, appreciative, patient, forbearing, 
clear-sighted, cool, courteous, determined. What should be 
his qualifications can be best arrived at by an inquiry into his 
duties. Let us suppose the piece chosen independently of the 
stage manager. 

The author should first of all read his piece to the stage 
manager, who should then master as many of the important 

240 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D.d' Camb, 

points as might be necessary to guide him in his own private 
perusal, which would immediately follow the author's own 

The stage manager having studied the piece carefully, 
should then return to the author with his list of queries, 
objections, and suggestions for the consideration of the 
author, who might be less a practical dramatist than a good 
writer of poetic or prose dialogue. 

A consultation ensues between stage manager and author. 
Dates are correctly ascertained, period of costumes settled, 
&c., &c., the speeches are curtailed, the entrances and exits 
are arranged, probabilities are discussed, and the best effects 
are in a fair way of being obtained. 

Again the stage manager retires with it to his study, where 
he gradually masters the piece in the rough, makes his 
ground-plan of scenes, and then calls in the scenic artist 
alone, then with him the costumier, and these three should 
argue the effects of colour combination ; the stage manager's 
being, as it were, the casting vote, i)ro tern., until at their 
next meeting, when the artist brings his perfect stage models 
(to scale) of all the scenery, and the costumier his characters 
of the piece (also to scale) coloured, the final decision can be 
arrived at. 

The stage manager now knows what is to be done with the 
mise-en-scene of the piece on the stage. 

He next sets to work with models and figures to play his 
game of chess, scene by scene, act by act, until he knows 
every movement of every character, and is prepared, without 
the slightest hesitation, to give a good and sufficient reason 
for every movement or change of position. 

Then comes the consideration of properties, and hero the 
scenic artist is again called in to deliberate. I assume 
throughout that authorities are consulted. Then, lastly, the 
chef d'orchestre is summoned, and he is consulted in his de- 
partment by the stage manager, on whom the ultimate 
responsibility in all cases must rest. 

October Term, 1862, 241 

Then the piece is ready for the stage, scene by scene. No 
time is lost by the actors in finding out where they come in, or 
what they are doing, or why they do it. They are at once 
told, and all they have to do is to hear, obey, and remember. 
The stage manager's command must not be disputed for a 
moment. Implicit obedience must be yielded to him by all 
the trouj)e from the highest to the lowest. 

Suppose an act rehearsed in this way three times, and all 
having come nearly perfect in their words, are now perfect in 
their words and ordinary situations, the next step will be for 
the stage manager to invite the criticism of the principals on 
his work. This leads to conversations, to suggestions, and to 
trying and re-trying of effects, until the final decision is 
either for what the stage manager had originally designed, or 
for something much better ; but, in any case, the casting 
vote is in his hands, the responsibility is on his shoulders, and 
in all probability, under these conditions, the very best result 
is pretty sure to be obtained. 

Finally, when the stage manager's eye is accustomed to the 
piece as a whole, and the actors are thoroughly at home in 
their parts, then, for the last rehearsals, he must call in the 
author to stamp the result with his approval. 

The author and stage manager may here differ, and the 
actors' opinions may be divided. Of two ways, when there 
are admittedly more than one of doing the same thing, let 
both be tried, and let the better survive. The author seeing 
his work before him for the first time, may make some invalu- 
able suggestion, arising out of the novel effect, that may solve 
a doubtful or a difficult point : but as a rule, he will bow to 
the judgment of a skilful, well -trained, and experienced stage 

To my thinking, the stage manager should be the best 
man in the theatre. He should never be the manager, nor an 
actor in the company. His one duty should be to stage 
manage, and he should be exempt from ever being called upon 
to act. There should be an assistant stage manager to relieve 

242 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. D.Cr Camb. 

him of some of his work at night, and to help him, where 
crowds have to he rehearsed during the day. 

The stage manager should possess the power of " show- 
ing" practically, by a mere sketch, what the action he requires 
ought to be — a mere outline which the actor, whether of 
exceptional creative genius, or of ordinary dramatic talents 
with executive power, should be able to use as the design for 
the picture which it is liis art to elaborate and carefully finish. 

There are heaven-born editors and heaven-born statesmen, 
but I have never yet come across a heaven-born stage manager. 
Charles Dickens had this reputation, but he had few opportu- 
nities of showing us what he could do, and I believe him to 
have been too good an actor ever to have been excellent as a 
stage manager. 

The actor who is also stage manager neglects the whole for 
the part, and the part is generally his own. 

The manager- actor who is his own stage manager is guided 
unconsciously by the principle of omne ignotum pro mag- 
nifico — and again, the magnifico in question is himself. 

If at the "A. D. C." one good piece were fixed two terms 
in advance, and studied, on the above lines, by their stage 
manager, the Club would soon be an invaluable school of art 
for painting, antiquities, music, and drama. 

The Secretary's record for this term continues thus : — 


Cloudesley Mr. Burnand. 

Horton (a Mercliant) . . . Mr. Chapman. 

Rockstone (a Solicitor) . . . Hon. A. Strutt. 

Jennings ) ^, 7 \ Mr. Heathcote. 

Biggs S ^"* • • i Mr. PULLEINE. 

Mrs. Mildmay Mr. Buchanan. 

*' We always thought Cloudesley Mr. Burnand's best 
character ; he never acted better in it than on this occasion. 
He was the life of the piece throughout, and all his ' business,' 
the *Andnete at Banco' of the Italian 'bus cad, &c., went 

October' Term, 1862. 243 

" Chapman played Horton quietly and well, and with a 
well-assumed voice. He made up as a middle-aged, well-to- 
do merchant. 

** liockstone, a tedious ' feeding ' part throughout, was 
well played hy Hon. A. Strutt, at short notice. He acted it 
conscientiously, not attempting to get a * bit of fat '' for him- 
self, but simply playing up to Cloudcslcy. 

*' Mr. Heathcote suffered from timidity, and. had hardly 
time in his short part to recover from it. 

" Mr. Pulleine made the most of so small a part as that of 

" Mr. Buchanan as Mrs, Milthnay was too inclined to 
laugh for so romantic an elderly female as that lady. But we 
expect much of Mr. Buchanan in future performances. 


** Though this piece was performed here in March, 1859, 
with Messrs. Twiss and Weguelin in the same characters as 
now, yet much cannot be gathered from Mr. Hamilton's some- 
what fragmentary critique on page 51 of this book. 

Mr. Benjamin Buzzard . . . Mr. Finch. 

Mr. Glimtuer Mr. Weguelin. 

John Small Mr. Twiss. 

Miss Lucretia Buzzard . . . Lord Pollington. 

Sally Hon. C. Carington. 

** Mr. Finch had a part which allowed full play to his 
comic humour. 

** Mr. Weguelin played, as he usually does, with great 
spirit, and was as successful in the character now as on the 
former occasion of its production here. 

" The same remark may be applied to Jolm Small. It is 
one of the characters which first established his reputation on 
our stage. 

" Lord Pollington made one of his greatest * hits ' in the 
character of Miss Buzzard. 

K 2 

244 Pei'sonal Reminiscences of the '^A^D.CT Camb. 

" The comically pathetic part of Sallij was rendered with 
great effect by Hon. C. Carington. 


" This perennial Romance of Real Life, as it is touchingly 
styled by its author, Maddison Morton, was very successful. 
The characters were : — 

Box Mr. Q. Twiss. 

Cox Mr. Finch. 

Mrs. Bouncer .... Lord Amberley. 

To Box and Cox no greater praise can be given than to say 
that each tnew his part so well that they sat down, got up, 
came in and went out, as the journeymen hatters and printers 
of ordinary life maybe supposed to do. The tossing (" where's 
my lucky sixpence ?") and the throwing of dice took well with 
the audience. 

" Lord Amberley as Mrs. Bouncer might have acted the 
part with a little more fussiness and vivacity ; and he errs, 
like almost all our young actors, in not speaking loud enough, 
— but considering this was his dehut in a speaking part, he 
succeeded very well, and we hope to see him establish a repu- 
tation in characters of this kind. 


Is certainly one of Byron's best burlesques. It is a curious 
fact that it was reproduced at the Strand Theatre on the 
25th, the first day of our performance here. Our cast was a 
strong one throughout. 

The Sultan 

The Vizier 


Aladdin . 

Abauazar . 


The Slave of the Lamp 

The Genius of the Ring 

The Widow Twankay . 

Mr. Finch. 


Mr. Hope Grant. 
Hon. C. Carington. 


Mr. Blake Humphrey. 
Mr. Buchanan. 
Mr. Chapman. 
Mr. Twiss, 

Princess Badroulboudour . . Hon. A. Strutt. 

October Term, 1862. 245 

"Mr. Finch, we need hardly say, was successful as the 
Sultan. He dressed it well, and throughout preserved that 
strong contrast to the Vizier which is so necessary to the 
success of his scenes. His dance at the end of the conclud- 
ing trio of Scene 1 was encored nightly, and certainly was a 
fine hit of Terpsichorean display. Lovers of the Park Street 

* Thalia,' will no doubt remember the furore which his dance 
as Beppo in Fra Diavolo created last March (1862). 

" Lord Pollington as the Vizier was also a most satisfac- 
tory specimen of genuine acting. We are always glad to be 
able to compliment him on a success, from the conviction 
which we entertain that all his acting is the result of careful 
study, and that, unlike, alas ! many others, he never comes 
on the boards without a thorough and usually correct concep- 
tion of his character. 

" Mr. Grant as Pekoe , is rather an instance to the con- 
trary. Possessed of great personal advantages, he yet seldom 
learns his part sufficiently, the result being that he does not 
seem quite at home on the stage. On this occasion, however, 
much could not be expected, as he was reading for his 

" Aladdin — Hon. C. Carington — was decidedly a very 

* great success.' He looked the character all over. The care- 
less young scapegrace, * chivying his mamma about the stairs,' 
according to the widow's complaint, seemed a child of mis- 
chief, and quite realized the character. His natural and 
unaffected way of acting is highly to be commended. All his 
songs and dances took tremendously. 

*' The heavy and thankless part of ' Ahanazar ' was played 
well by ^Ir. Burnand. We can hardly venture to comment 
on the style of so finished an actor as he undoubtedly is. 
Ahanazar labours under the disadvantage of appearing 
very early in the piece — while his best scene is the last, in 
which the actor is usually too tired to do his best. He made 
the most of his part though throughout— his soliloquies, 
which ordinarily are somewhat tedious, were improved by a 

246 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. D, a Camb. 

dexterous imitation of certain personages of note, such as 
Frikell. We can hardly say of him as Pope said of Macklin, 
* This is the Jew, that Shakespeare drew ; ' but he was a 
good imitation of an ancient member of that once persecuted, 
but now popular race. His ' Cachucha,' in the poisoning 
scene, went famously, and was always applauded. 

" Widow Twankay — Twiss — needs hardly any comment, 
as he has been uniformly successful in every character 
attempted by him on our stage. His voice, perhaps, was 
never in better order — and he was happily induced to sing 
the parody on ' My own, my guiding Star ' — which Mr. 
James Rogers always omits — a capital song, notwith- 

** Mr. Buchanan made his debut as Slave of the Lamp. 
He was well dressed for the character, and spoke out dis- 
tinctly and well. 

" Mr. Chapman, as Geniiis of the Ring, was at first 
rather fidgety, and overacted his part. Dressed at first as a 
harlequin, a costume that hardly suited his brawny shoulders 
and breadth, after three nights' performance he came on as a 
prize-fighter. The anachronism of a prize-fighter appearing 
in a Chinese Palace perhaps injured the romance of a fairy 
tale like that of ' Aladdin ' — but Mr. Chapman, perhaps from 
feeling more at home in the new costume, toned down his 
gesticulations, and made the part (a very difficult one) 

*^ Te-to-tU7n — Mr. Blake Humfrey — made his salaam 
nightly in a way that the most rigid of Mussulmen might 

"Hon. A. Strutt made his debut on our stage as Princess 
Badroulboudour. He sang well, danced well, and spoke his 
words with unaffected ease, and, thanks to Clarkson, 
seemed a worthy oh]ect of Aladdiii's somewhat hasty court- 

"The Chorus went well enough, thanks to Pulleine in 
front of the F.cenes find Ch{;rlcs behind them. 

October Term, 1S62. 247 

" For the Scenery. — To this Messrs. Banks, Howard, Clark, 
Patrick, and Troyte had directed their united efforts. The 
' North Western Gate of Pekin,' hy Mr. Howard, was admired, 
and the cave by Mr. Clark was a chef d^oeuvre. The novelty 
of the ' Willow Pattern ' as a background to the hall in the 
Emperor's Palace was remarked by all spectators ; and the 
sudden disappearance of the Palace in Scene 6 was well 
arranged by the mechanical skill of Mr. Troyte. The blank 
desolation of the * Desert of Sahara,' as seen in the last scene, 
was depicted by the fertile pencil of our Superintendent of 
Scenery, Mr. Howard. 

** In conclusion, the Club may, we think, congratulate 
itself upon a very successful performance. The acting was 
good throughout, and there was no breaks-down. There were 
few rehearsals ; indeed, many could not be had, from the 
absence of the chief actors ; but all went * merry as a mar- 
riage bell ' from the first night until the fall of the curtain on 
Saturday. We atoned for our failures on the first night last 
March by a very scanty audience on Tuesday and Wednesday, 
while on Thursday and Friday more were in the house than 
have ever been before — showing the real merits of the pieces 
chosen most decisively. The expenses, however, increase 
each term ; and unless the present high character of the per- 
formances is maintained, unless actors are carefully selected, 
and pains taken by all engaged, the Club will some day col- 
lapse by its own weight. May that day be distant ! " 

I give one more extract as to " Another Ladies' Night." — 


" Saturday, November 29th, 1862. 

*' The Ladies' Night seems to have become an established 
fact in every week of performance. We are sure that its 
arrival is looked forward to with some anxiety by many people 
in and around Cambridge. The arrangements under the 
supervision of Mr. Bankes, were exactly as they have hitherto 

248 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. D.Cr Canib. 

been. Of those who received invitations from the Club, the 
following were present : — 

Earl and Countess of Hardwicke and Lady Agneta Yorke. 

Mr., Mrs. and Miss Wyndham Portman. 

Mr., Mrs. and Misses (2) St. Quentens. 

Mr., Mrs. and Miss Pemberton. 

Mr. and Mrs. Townley. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Townley. 

Master of Magdalene and Mrs. Neville. 

Provost of King's College and Misses (3) Okes. 

Mr, and Mrs. Charles Webster. 

Master of Sidney and Mrs. Phelps, Miss Phelps, and 

Miss Amy Thomas. 
The Registrar and Mrs. Luard. 
Colonel and Mrs. Baker. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brooks Biiinpstead. 
Mr. and Mrs. Girdlestone. 
Mr. and Mrs. Leapingwell. 
Professor Birbeck. 
Professor Thompson. 
The Public Orator. 
Professor Liveing. 
Mr. Stephen. 
Mr. T. P. Hudson ; 

besides friends of members : the number of the audience 
being about 100. 

" The room was not overcrowded, and general satisfaction 
was expressed by the visitors on leaving." 

It is to be noted how strongly the artists had come out in 
the scenery. Alas ! poor Jones ! His name had vanished 
from the bills, and most of his scenes had been painted out. 



Extract from Annals, signed by Secretary Kirby : — 

" The performances commenced this term on March 11th, 
and were continued on three following nights. The pieces 
performed were — 

Ici on parle Frangais, 

The Pacha of Pimlico, 

A Turkish Bath, 

llomeo and Juliet (Travestie), 

*' As in the corresponding term of 1862, all the parts, with 
one exception, were filled by native talent ; while, however, last 
year, the piece in which the talented Richard Preston appeared 
came to an unparalleled grief, on this occasion Mr. Arthur 
Guest, our sole visitor, gave great strength to the burlesque 
by his delineation of the apothecaiy. It is always satisfactory 
in one sense to have no old members down, as in these cases 
many new members come into notice, who might otherwise, 
as * supers,' have ' wasted their sweetness on the desert 
air.' " 

This seems a very natural observation. But the effect of 
the visits of the old members was to *' let the performances 
down easy," and had contributed largely to the permanent 
success of the Club. 

In proof of the demand creating the supply, I quote the 
following from the criticisms : — 

** Mr. Oliffe, on the second night, read his part at six 

250 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A.D. C. " Canib, 

hours' notice. We can say no more. On the two following 
nights his acting was extremely good; though his voice 
was not powerful, he made it tell, and, in fact, gave success 
to two or three trios and duets, which fell flat on the first 
night, when Mr. Carrington could not sing. But what wo 
admired particularly is his extremely unaffected style of 
acting ; he made such a very lady-like Juliet. We do not 
mind saying that his business of reading the * supper ' and 
fainting off on the sofa, though simplicity itself, was the best 
bit of lady acting we have seen since F. C. Wilson's days." 

The Club has never yet failed in this respect, but latterly 
adaptations of popular plays have been so ingeniously con- 
trived as to omit the female characters. Mr. J. W. Clark, 
Fellow of Trinity, did a version of Le Courricr de Lyon, in 
which the dramatis personce were men only. The only per- 
fectly pardonable liberty of this sort that I ever took, was 
with Mrs. Bouncer in Box and Cox, whom I elevated to the 
ranks as Sergeant Bouncer. Had the piece been French, she 
might have been transformed into a vivandiere, as Mdlle. 
Bouncer, La Fille du Regiment. 

*' At a Committee meeting in Hon. C. Carington'^s rooms 
on April 26f/i, the following gentlemen were duly elected mem- 
bers of the Society — 

Mr. — Williamson .... Jesus College 
Mr. P. Candy Magd. Coll. 

** The general meeting took place on April 27th. 

**Hon. C. Carington resigned his office of Stage Manager. 

** A. Patrick, that of Superintendent of Scenery. 

*• Mr. PuUeine was elected Stage Manager. 

" Hon. A. Strutt was elected Assistant Stage Manager. 

" The office of Orchestra Manager, thereby vacated, was 
filled by election of Mr. Oliffe. 

"Mr. Troyte was elected to his old office of Superintendent 
of Scenery upon his return to College. 

End of Eighth Year. 


** Mr. Everett then addressed the meeting and moved — 

** ' That the Critique Book, as kept by the Secretary, he 

" Seconded hy Lord John Hervey, and carried. 

** Mr. Hope Grant then moved * That the critique on last 
Tennis performances he erased.' We did not catch the name 
of the seconder. 

" The latter motion was lost. 
** The meeting then dispersed." 

This hrought the eighth year to a conclusion. 
The Committee after the election on April 27th — 

W. A. Rankes, Esq. 
I. J. PuUeine, Esq. 
C. A. W. Troyte, Esq. 
T. F. Kirl)y, Esq. . 
I. F. Olitfe, Esq. . 
J. T. M. Russell, Esq. 
E. H. Wynne, Estj. 
Hon. A. Stnitt . . 

. Trin. Hall 
. Trin. Coll. 
. Trin. Hall 
Sec. and Treas. 
, Trin. Coll. 
Trin. Coll. 
. Tiin. Coll. 
. Trin. ColL 


Stage Manager. 

Supt. of Sceneiy. 

Trin. ColL 


Director of Machinery. 


Assistant Stage Manager. 

A. D. C." — List of Members from 1855 to 18G3.* 

F. C. Bumand (Pres.,Feb. 24,1858). 
T. White. 

F. C. Wilson. 
Reginald Kelly. 

G. Lampson. 

P. W. Freeman. 


C. E. Donne. 


R. L. Lomax. 

R. Kelly (Pres., Dec. 12, 1855). 

W. L. B. Cator. 

G. Feilden. 

J. S. Oliphant. 

W. P. Lysaght. 

C. R. 


J. Graham. 

F. Lutwidge. 

* I am afraid this list is incomplete, and the spelling of some of the names 
is not absolutely correct ; but I have been unable to verify it by the original. 

252 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A,D. C. " Camb. 

L. T. Baines. 

K HiU. 

W. H. Baillie (Pres., Oct., 1856). 

J. M. Wilson. 

Lennox Conyngham. 

T. R Polwhele. 

Gerald Fitzgerald. 

G. Harvey. 

T. C. Wood. 


H. Larapson. 

H. Snow. 

T. Thornhill. 




J. Watt Gibson (Pres., Nov. 22, 

T. Wilkinson. 
E. Ashley. 

E. O'Hara. 
R. Wharton. 
J. Foster. 
R. Preston. 
R. O. Lamb. 
W. Evans. 

G. R. Hassali. 
C. Hall. 
A. F. Scaly. 
P. G Wynne. 
H. W. Hoffman. 
R. Hobart. 
A. Cumberlege. 
T. Utton. 
P. Gorst. 

F. Davy. 

J. H. Robinson. 
S. Saiindcrson. 
Lord R. Grosvenor. 
W. C. Streatfield. 
T. A. Hudson. 
Hon. J. Leigh, 
R. Wingfield Digby. 
C. Weguelin. 
Lord Pel ham. 


M. N. R. Fitzgerald. 

Lord Brecknock (Pre8.Dec.4,1858). 

H. Thornhill. 

G. de Robeck. 

J. Rowley. 

R. Tennant. 

F. V. Wright. 

F. Smith. 

C. Grant. 

H. Partridge. 

G. Hawes. 

G. H. Cockrane. 

M. Guest. 

H. Snow. 

E. C. Clark. 

Creswell Tayleur. 

T. G. Pearse. 

H. Ark Wright. 

Hon. L. Ashley. 

H. Dent. 


Hon. E. O'Brien. 

A. C. Lee (Pres. May Term, 1858). 


S. A. Hankey. 

A. E. M. Ashley. 

A. E. Knox. 

G. Walford. 

D. Powell (President, Dec, 1860, 
Oct., 1861). 

N. Madan. 
J. Hall. 
J. Sankey. 
J. B. Dyne. 
H. M. G. Coore. 
W. R. Phelips. 
W. S. Sands. 

J. Chambers. 
Hon. de Grey. 
G. Howard. 
C. Walsh. 
L. D. Hall. 
P. McNeile. 
G. Charles. 

End of Eighth Year, 


E. W. Chapman. 
W. A. Longfield. 

E. A. Catt. 

F. G. Arbuthnot. 
S. T. Ashton. 

T. J. Sanderson. 

C. A. W. Troyte. 

W. A. Bankes (Pres., Apr. 4, 1862). 

C. A. W. Rycroft. 

H. T. Russell. 

J. Manners-Sutton. 

E. C. R. Ross. 

P. F. Stewartt. 

W. A. Bankes. 

J. Begwood. 

S. V. Saumarez. 

Viscount Pollington. 

W. A. Currey. 

T. M. Wells. 



G. O. Trevelyan. 
A. H. Baillie. 

A. de Rothschild. 
Lieut. Butts. 
F. C. B. Acland. 
P. H. Hamberston. 
Lord Amberley. 
Hon. A. Strutt 

F. PuUen. 
T. Edwanls. 

H. G. M. Kirby. 

J. W. Clark. 


R. Heathcote. 

R. Patrick. 

G. Buxton. 

Hon. — Powys. 

Augustus Campbell. 

Percy Lee. 



F. W. Hudson. 

Hon. — Strutt. 


* Mr. William Everett, author of a pleasant, chatty, little book, entitled 
On the Cam, a son of the fomous American orator, Edward Everett, well 
known in England as the U.S. Minister in 1841. He was a clever Yankee, 
with a considerable amount of dry, caustic humour. Ajeu de mot of his is 
worth recording. The young republican was watching a game of whist, in 
which the Duke of St. Albans, and a Cambridge man who had recently won 
the Bell Scholarship, were opponents. A discussion arose as to some nice 
point of the game, and the players, unable to settle it among themselves, 
appealed to the bystandere, when Everett, quietly interposing, said to the 
Duke ; "My dear fellow, it's not worth dispute, as the difference between you 
is only a slight question of distinction." The disputants begged him to 
explain his oraciUar pronouncement, which had been delivered in the hardest 
American twang. With a sly twinkle in his eye, which prepared the listeners 
for something worth hearing, he replied: "Well, don't you see, there can't 
be much difference between you and St. Albans, as you're a Bell Scholar 
and he's a Beau Clerk." Ecpiiuaiiiity was instantly restored ; the game pro- 
ceeded amicably, and Mr. Everett, ** having scored," subsided quietly into an 
arm-chair, and dozed. In his book On tlie Cam, he speaks of the "A. D. C." 
as giving "excellent stage performances, open to all the University, for a few 
nights in every term. It is fortunate in possessing some members of very 
superior dramatic talent, who, though they have long ceased to be members 
of the University, make a point of coming back to Cambridge to act, and to 
assist in developing the rising dramatic talent. The acting is generally ex- 
tremely good, and the society an agreeable one." 

2 54 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. D.Cr Camb. 





F. C. Grant. 

J. Kirby. 

Lord John Hervey. 



Hon. C. Lyttelton. 

J. W. Hawkesworth. 

Lord J. Hervey. 

C. C. Henniker. 

Hon. Fitz William. 

C. T. Royds. 

R. M. Harvey. 

H. Becher. 

R. Doyne. 

E. Hambro. 
A. E. Guest. 
Hon. H. Bourke. 
S. Hoare. 

Duke of St. Albans. 
N. M. de Rothschild. 
Smith Marryat. 
Feath erstonehaugh. 
C. Barclay. 

F. Holland. 

N. A. Langham. 

H. W. Holiman (Oct. Term, 1860). 

E. H. Wynne. 

H. L. Wood. 

Hon. W. P. Bouverie. 

Hon, J. M. Henniker. 

J. Hamilton. 

Hon. F. Whymper. 

C. J. Fletcher. 

Hon. H. Bourke. 

G. Osborne. 

E. Biiclianan. 

T. F. Oliffe. 


E. F. Wayne 

J. H. Elwes. 

Hon. A. C. Stanley 

A. J. Clay. 

H. J. Mealycott. 

H. C. Russell. 

S. C. Allsopp. 


R. Denman. 

H. Blake-Humfrey. 

J. J. Pulleine. 

Hon. E. F. Kenyon. 

C. Hall. 

P. T. Ralli. 

T. Melvill. 

Lord Aberdon. 

A. H. Harrison. 


S. E. Buxton. 



P. Candy. 


Hon. C. Carington (Pres. June 3, 

Honorary President. 
H.R.H. Prince op Wales. 

Honorary Members. 

Alfred Thompson . . . Trin. Coll. 

Quintin Twiss . . . . . Ch. Ch. Oxon. 



Performance Week, May 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th. 

** Tlie ijerformances took place on the above days, hit in 
compliance with the 7'esolution passed at the general meeting 
last April 27thy no account of them is preserved,'* 

This is rather a change. It was the Secretary's last flicker. 
Then he gracefully retires. 

" The retiring secretary, after a senice of three years, begs 
to add his regret that he cannot longer remain on a com- 
mittee in acting on ivhich he has spent so many days of 
amusement and satisfaction. 

" Thos. F. Kirby, Secretary.'* 

*' At a general meeting held on Wednesday, October 21st, 
1863, a motion teas carried that a record of the performances 
be icritten by the Stage Manager and revised by the Com- 
mittee, be kept in the rooms, 

*'E. W. Chapman, Hon. Sec.*' 

May Term, 1863. 

*' The performances this Term took place May 2Qth, 21th, 
2Sth, 2dth. 

256 Personal Reminiscences of tite ''A,D. C. " Camb. 

** The first and third nights (Tuesday and Thursday) mere 
ladies' nights, and were both well filled, Wednesday night 
also brought a crowded audience. On Friday the number of 
visitors was small." 

" The pieces performed were — 

A Nice Firm, 
Twice Killed. 
The Maid and the Magpie (Burlesque), 

" On the first night the programme consisted of — 

A Nice Firm, 
and the burlesque. 

" On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, all three pieces 
were performed." 



Mr Messiter \ of th^ firm of Messi- 
Mr. Messiter } t^^^j^f^^n, Solicitors 
Mr. Moon { andAttameys at Law 
Mr. John Ripton 
Mr. Richard Ripton 
Mr. Duncuft Meazle . 
Mr. Mumps, M.R.C.S. . 



Miss Susannah Applejohn . 


Mr. C. Hall. 

Mr. Elwes. 
Mr. H. C. Russell. 
Mr. Buxton. 
Mr. Allsopp. 
Mr. Melvill. 
Mr. Williamson. 
Mr. Arbuthnot. 



Euclid Facile . 


Tom {EecHess's servant) 

Mr. Holdfast . 

Mr. Furgus Fahle . 


Mrs. Facile . 

Julia .... 

Fanny . 


Mr. C. Hall. 
Mr. Elwes. 
Mr. H. C. Russell. 
Mr, Chapman. 
Mr. OsBOKN. 
Hon, A. Stanley. 
Mr. Denman. 
Mr. Oliffe. 

Ninth Year. 257 


By H. J. BYRON, Esq. 

Fabrizio .... 

. Mr. Chapman. 

Granetto .... 

. . Mr. C. Hall. 

Pippo .... 

. Mr. Willi AMsox. 

Fernando Yillabella . 

. . Mr. Pulleine. 

Isaac .... 

. Mr. F. C. BuiiNAND 

The Magistrate . 

. . Mr. CURREY. 

Ninette .... 

. Iklr. Oliffe. 

Dame Lucia 

. . Mr. Sanderson. 

Elvira ) . . . 

. \ Mr. Denman. 

Luisa \ . 

. . \ Mr. Elwes. 

I make this last extract from the book : 

*' The usual critique on the performances ivas discontinued 
for some time, either on account of the excellence of the 
acting^ or the inefficiency of the various secretaries, or the 
modesty of the actors.'' 

The Mr. Melvill mentioned as playing the part of Ryder in 
A Nice Firm is the gallant officer whose loss we have so 
recently had to deplore, and who will ever be remembered by 
his countiymen as the Hero of Isandula. 

Mr. H. C. Kussell, who was cast for Mr. Richard Ripton, 
is now the Vicar of Doncaster, and Charles Hall is the Prince 
of Wales's Attorney- General for the Duchy of Cornwall. 

The Nice Firm was what would nowadays be described as 
" a Genuine Success," — "Charley" Hall being as good a Mr. 
Moon as could be named, after Frank Matthews and the 
others were all suited down to the ground. In the afterpiece 
Twice Killed, Melvill was to have played Reckless, but he 
had contrived to get himself " gated " by the authorities that 
very evening, and conse(][uently was compelled to be back in 
college by nine or ten o'clock, which, of course, prevented 
him from appearing in the farce. In this difficulty Charley 
Hall " kindly undertook the part at a moment's notice," and 
the stage-manager went before the curtain, and by way of 
apology, told the plain unvarnished tale of Melvill's being 
" gated," which was received with great good-humour by a 

258 Personal Reiniiiisce7tces of the ''A.D.CT Cainb, 

decidedly sympathetic audience. His substitute went on and 
read the part from the book, and as the piece depended 
mainly on the exertions of Messrs. Pulleine and Stanley, the 
result was eminently satisfactory. 

On the second night, being quite at home in A Nice Firm, 
Messiter and Moon went in for an impromptu conversation, 
chiefly relating to the latter's health, his walking exercise, 
what he had for dinner, w^hen he was vaccinated, his opinion 
on the topics of the day, and so forth ; which at last quite 
upset Mr, Moons gravity, and . it was only by feigning a 
violent fit of coughing — which produced further gratuitous 
advice and offers of various ingenious remedies from Mr, 
Messiter — that he managed to recover his characteristic 
gravity and resume the piece where he had left off. 

We — Charles Hall and myself — had done this sort of 
thing, a very dangerous game by the way, before, on at least 
one important occasion. A piece to fill up the evening was 
wanted in consequence of some mishap somewhere, and Mr. 
C. Hall undertook to play Sent to the Toicer with me. I was 
in town at the time, but on receiving his letter I at once set 
myself to work, studied Launcelot, but was unable to get 
down to Cambridge until the very evening of the performance, 
when Charles Hall met me at the station at five o'clock, and 
we rehearsed as we drove to his rooms, when we continued 
our rehearsal over the cutlets and claret. This was the 
second time I had got up this piece in a hurried manner, and 
I should not have consented had I not trusted to my memory 
of the former performance being better than in the event it 
turned out to be. I knew the chief situations, I knew the 
plot, such as it is, and a good deal of the dialogue, but not 
all. I knew that it was a sort of Box and Cox, only not so 
good, and that one man had ' Bacon and Beans ' for dinner, 
and the other * Beans and Bacon ' — but which had which I 
hadn't time to get fixed in my head. So somehow when we 
had once fairly got into the very middle of the farce, like 
Laertes and Hamlet in the fencing scene changing rapiers, 

Ninth Year. 259 

we suddenly changed parts. I was '*not Launcclot — but 
another " — I took the words out of C. Hall's mouth, and he 
took my words out of mine. The Prompter looked first at 
one and then at the other, and vainly attempted to bring us 
back to the right paths. But how was he to manage it? He 
couldn't prompt Perkyn Puddifoot in the very speech which 
by right belonged to him, but which had just been uttered by 
Launcelot Banks , and it was clearly no use giving Launcclot 
Banks the next speech which he ought to say, but which 
was at that very moment issuing from the lips of Perkyn 

There never was such a muddle. The Prompter shook his 
head, whispered, pointed to the book, all to no purpose. He 
waited patiently, following the dialogue and wondering whether 
by accident we should each resume our original parts before 
the piece came to an end, and be once more " as we were 
before we were as we were." 

No such luck. Finding that we were mistaken in our 
characters, we made a desperate attempt to try back to the 
l^oint of departure. It was hopeless. The Prompter gasped. 
He too made a try back. Where iverc we going to ? We 
heard the leaves rustle. We durst not stop, or we should 
have exposed our utter incapacity to the audience. A happy 
thought struck Launcclot ^ and in the hope that Perkyn 
would remember how and where to go on, if he only had time 
given him, Launcelot commenced an impromptu story. This 
utterly staggered the Prompter who shut up the book, and 
PerkyUy giving himself up for lost, quietly lighted a pipe, 
listened to the story, threw in a few remarks, and finally 
observed that when " Launcelot had quite done, it would 
be as well if they went on regularly." Whereupon 
Launcclot, at his wits' end, turned for the word to the 
'Prompter. His book was closed on his knees, and he was 
half asleep. Hearing his name called, he roused himself, and 
to the hurriedly and anxiously whispered demand for " the 
word," he replied by suddenly handing the book to Launcclot 

26o Personal Reminiscences of the '^A.D.C' Camb, 

and whispering, audibly, " Just let me know what jpage 
you've got to," 

Fortunately at that moment the " Gaoler " was inspired to 
come on, and as we had to take our cue from him we were 
once more fairly started, and, with the help of the Prompter, 
who had found the place by this time, we got safely to the 
finish of Sent to the Toiver. 

This brings me to the end of my personal recollections of 
the " A. D. C." as far as I was actively concerned. 

Since my day they have played She Stoops to Conquer, The 
Bivals, and, I think, The School for Scaudal, Of this last I 
am not so certain. We had one excellent performance of The 
Critic, of which we gave both Acts, but the bill is missing 
from my collection, and the exact cast from my recollection. 
Quintin Twiss played Sir Walter Raleigh, and C.Weguelin was, 
I fancy. Sir Fretful Plagiary, The undergraduate audience 
was much tickled by the absurdities, but in allusion to the 
premeditated mistakes of the sham Rehearsal, expressed its 
opinion very generally that "It was a pity the fellows didn't know 
their parts better," and "what a lot of trouble Burnand had 
to keep 'em straight." I was playing Puff, The under- 
graduate of that time was evidently not well up in his 

Considering the secrecy of our commencement, it was 
amusing, within the last few years, to see the large handbills 
— e.g., of November, 1876 — serving for University advertise- 
ments, in which it stated that " Tickets 5s. each " could be 
had " at Hart's, Trinity Street, and at the ' A. D. C.,' Park 
Street." Park Street is a small turning out of Jesus Lane, 
where the door of the old Billiard Rooms at the back of the 
" Hoop " used to be. 

In the previous year the Club had played Loudon 
Assurance, and on its advertising handbill, publicly displayed, 
the public was informed that, " Tuesday, November 23, and 
Thursday, November 25, ivoidd be University Nights, and 
Wednesday, November 24, ivoidd be the County Night. On 

Ninth Year, 261 

Thursday the first four roics luill he reseirecl for Ladies, 
Tickets Is. 6fZ." 

The Tickets on University niglits at this time were five 
shillings apiece, and on the County night half-a-sovereign, 
and '*were to be obtained" (here was the old rule still in 
force) " hy members of the University only " at Messrs. 
Metcalfe & Son's, Trinity Street, or at the ' A. D. C " 

In 1870 the Kules were revised, and remain as follows : — 

ilatosJ of t\)t a* ©. €. 


I. That this Club consists of Members and Honorary Members, the 
former to be Resident Members in the University, the latter to have 
had their names on the boards of one of the Colleges, or to have been 
elected ad tundem Members of tlie University, or be Members of tlie 
University of Oxford, or Garrick Club in London, That the number 
of Resident Members be limited to 60, 

II. That at the last meeting in each Term the Club shall elect a 
Committee of eight for the next Term, consisting of a President, Stage- 
Manager, Superintendent of Scenery, Treasurer and Secretary, Acting- 
IManager, Librarian, Director of Machinery, Assistant Stage-Manager, 
and at all nieetmgs the President take the Chair, and have the casting 

III. That the Committee elect Members, at which Election not 
more than two of the Committee may be absent, 

IV. That all Members and Honorary Members shall pay an 
entrance-fee of X2 2s., and shall pay a Subscription of £2 per term. All 
Members in residence who have paid their Subscriptions for the current 
Term shall have a right to vote at General Meetings. 

V. That any Member having paid his Subscriptions for nine Terms 
shall become a Life Member, and, as such, be allowed free use of the 

VI. That any Member graduating or going out of residence, before 
nine Terms, shall lie required, should he again enter into residence, to 
pay Subscriptions for the use of the Club. 

VII. Any Member whose Subscription or Fine remains unpaid 
after it has been due a fortnigljt, Subscriptions bemg due on the first 
day of residence, shall be fined Five Shillings, after due notice given by 
the Secretary. 

262 Personal Reminiscences of the'' A. D,Cr Camb. 

VIII. There sliall be a General Meeting at the end of every Term. 
That any Member or Members can call a General Meeting provided 

they have the sanction of the President. 

IX. That due notice of Eehearsals shall be posted in the rooms : 
that any Member being more than ten minutes late for a Rehearsal, 
shall be lined 25. M. ; or more tlian fifteen minutes, 5s. That all 
excuses must be sent in to the Stage-Manager in a written form. 

N.B. — Members half-an-hour late shall be considered to have missed 
the Rehearsal. 

X. That no Acting Member or the Prompter be allowed to miss a 
Rehearsal in the week previous to the Performances, on any considera- 
tion whatever, unless notice be given to the Stage-Manager three days 
previoush^ The fine for total absence is Ten Shillings. 

XI. That none but Members perform on the A. D. C. stage, and 
that none but Members of tlie University be admitted as spectators of 
the performances, without the sanction of tlie Committee. 

XII. That no Member take any Club property out of the rooms, 
under a penalty of Five Shillings. 

XIII. That no Member throw about Club property, or in any way 
damage it, nnder a penalty of Five Shillings. 

XIV. That if necessary it be at the option of the Committee to fine 
any Member infringing Laws XII. and XIII. a sum not exceeding the 
value of the property. 

XV. That the Secretary and Treasurer shall keep minutes of the 
Meetings, and correct accounts of all moneys received and paid during 
the term of ofiice. 

XVI. That the Committee have power to make Bye-Laws necessary 
for the good of the Club. 

XVII. Any Member breaking the Laws or Bye-Laws of the Club 
shall be fined Two Shillings and Sixpence per week, after notice having 
been given, until payment be made. 

XVIII. That no Dogs be permitted in the rooms, under a penalty 
of Five Shillings, which will be strictly enforced. 

XIX. That money received for tickets shall be paid to Members of 
the Committee from whom the tickets have been received, within a week 
after performances, under a penalty of Ten Shillings . 

XX. All Members during their first two terms in the Club shall 
take supers' parts, if required to do so, under a penalty of Two Guineas, 
unless they shall give a sufficient excuse to be approved as such by the 

XXI. That Strangers (not Members of this University) be allowed 
the use of the Club rooms and property, provided that their stay at 
Cambridge does not exceed a week, and that their names and the names 
of their introducers be entered in a book provided for the purpose. 

XXII. That any Member failing to pay his Subscription or Fines 

Ninth Year. 263 

during the Term in which they become due, after notice given by the 
Secretary, shall cease to be a Member of the Club. 

XXIII. That any Member of the Committee have the power of 
enforcing Fines. 

SI. Q. C. 



I. That every Member taking a Book out of the Library enter his 
o^\-n Name and that of the Book, -with the date of its removal, and, on 
the returning it, the date of its return, in a Book provided for that 

II. That Books may be kept out for any period not exceeding a 
fortnight ; and that any Member keeping a Book out beyond the period 
allowed be fined One Shilling. 

III. That notice be sent by the Librarian to any Member who 
infringes Rule II. ; and if after such notice sent the Book be not 
returned at once, that an additional fine of Sixpence a day be imposed 
till the Book be returned. 

rV. That no Book be taken out again by the same Member until 
one clear day has elapsed from the time of its return. 

V. That no Member do take any of Lacys Acting Plays from the 
Club Room without the written pei-mission of the Stage-Manager, or 
Assistant Stage-Manager. 

VI. That any Member who loses or injures a Book be required to 
replace it. 

VII. Tliat all Books be returned to tlie Library on or before a day 
at the end of each term, of which a week's notice be given by the 

VIII. That any Member removing a Newspaper or Periodical from 
the Club Rooms be fined Ten Shillings. 

IX. That any Member transgressing Rules I. IV. V. VII. be fined 
Five Shillings. 

X. That any Member of Committee have power to impose the 
above fines. 

XI. That notice of any fine be posted in the Club Rooms, and that 
any Member refusing to pay a fine receive a notice from the Committee 
that if the fine be not paid within tliree days, he will be expelled from 
the Club. 

264 Personal Reminiscences of the ^^A.D,C" Cainb. 

In the Library there is a very valuable edition of Hogarth's 
works presented to the Club by Reginald Kelly of Kelly, 
Devonshire, whose name is in the first list of members. 

The Club possesses a very fair Dramatic Library, and its 
walls are covered with photographs and sketches. 

In 1871 the following Rules were accepted by the Club, 
acting, I believe, under the advice of Mr. J. W. Clark, of 
Trinity, who has on more than one occasion done the 
"A. D. C." excellent service, and who is sincerely interested 
in the Club's prosperity. 

a* 13. C. 


I. The performances are to take place in the Michaelmas Term only, 
and in one week, and on three nights only, of which Saturday shall 
not be one. 

II. The performances are not to take place during the time of the 
Previous, General, or Special B. A. Examinations. 

III. There is to be no Town night. 

IV. There is to be only one Ladies' night. 

V. There is to be no Burlesque. 

VI. The performances are not to begin earlier than 7.30, and are to 
close at 10.30 o'clock. 

VII. That those who take part in the performance undertake posi- 
tively during that week to be in before 12 o'clock at night, and that all 
Members of the A. D. C. will, as far as possible, discourage supper 
parties after the performances. 

VIII. The plays to be performed shall previously be submitted to 
a Committee of Tutors of Colleges. 

IX. The Performers shall be Resident Members of the University 


1. The performances are limited to the October term only. 

This rule ought to be of singular benefit to the Club, which 

could be carefully preparing its work from the beginning of 

the year. The scenery could be put in hand in the Lent 

Nz7itk Year. 265 

term : rehearsals could be got on with by easy stages : and 
all the details, all the mlse-enschie, could be most carefully 
and artistically considered. 

2. The second rule is also good. Years ago we had, to a 
certain extent, adopted it. 

3. This is decidedly right. The " A. D. C." was never 
instituted for the Town, only for the Gown. The Town had 
its own Dramatic Club and its own amusements. 

4. The previous rule applies to the Gown, this to the 

5. I have no fault to find with this, if exceptions are per- 
mitted. Our old-fashioned friend BomhasteSy then the bur- 
lesques of the Robsonian school, and certain extravagant 
musical pieces (where both music and drama are combined — 
as for instance. Trial hy Jury, and the Triumviretta of Cox 
and Box, the latter so easily performed, and containing some 
of the best music ever written by Arthur Sullivan, Mus.Doc), 
might be occasionally played. At present there is a tendency 
to heaviness in the"A. D. C." entertainments, which would 
be vastly relieved by a song and dance. 

6. Excellent. 

7. Why " before 12," why not " at 12 ? " and why dis- 
courage those cheery and social gatherings ? Englishmen, as a 
rule, do not meet for any combined effort, without feeding 
together, either before or after the event. Parliament has its 
Greenwich dinner. The Royal Academy has its banquet. 
After an evening's hard work on the stage, some sort of supper 
is a necessity. Eating alone is bad for the digestion, and 
supping together is harmless. Besides, if the performance 
is over at 10.30 punctually — and if they begin punctually at 
7.30 they could be finished by 10.15 or 10, — there are a 
couple of clear hours for a quiet supper, whereat, all the 
difficulties surmounted, all the behind-the-scenes contre- 
temps will be discussed, and the heroes will fight their battles 
over again, and finish by drinking a bumper at parting to the 
success of the '*A. D. C." 

266 Personal Reminiscences of the ''A. D.Cy Camb. 

8. No objection to this. But it would be still better were 
there a Dramatic Professor, who would lecture on the Art, 
and himself choose the plays for his students to perform. 
Why should there not be one French night a year out of the 
series of performances ? And why should not encouragement 
be given to original dramatic and musical composition ? The 
"A. D. C." stage could be written for by those who knew it 
best, and the pieces, whether purely dramatic, or also 
operatic, would form a perfect re'pertoire for amateurs every- 
where. The pieces written specially for the ''A. D. C." 
might be so ingeniously contrived as to omit the feminine 
element entirely. 

9. This excludes the old members, unless — having nothing 
better to do — they choose to come up and go into residence. 
Still, on the whole, it is a good rule. A great festival — such 
as the celebration of the twenty-fifth year of the Club's 
existence — might be admitted as an exception. 

There remains nothing to add, except that in 1878 I 
witnessed a capital performance of The Ticket of Leave Man. 
This class of drama (in five Acts !) is too long and too heavy for 
the place, and the farce was but small relief, — in fact on the 
next night the latter was omitted. 

We went in for lightness and music. Above all a Univer- 
sity audience wants a good hearty laugh. Such was the 
result of To Paris and Back, Alonzo the Brave, A Thump- 
ing Legacy, The Goose with the Golden Eggs, Helping 
Hands, Aladdin, The Jacobite, Used-up, The Seventh Shot 
— and, of all these, not one ever caused so much amusement, 
whenever it was played, as Alonzo. It was a burlesque of the 
old school, specially written for the '* A. D. C." And none of 
the modern burlesques, not even Aladdin, ever suited actors 
and audience so well as this. I am convinced that some ab- 
surdity of this sort, ivell and carefully done, is an essential of 
success at the " A. D. C." The audience like it— tout est la. 

The drama's laws the drama's patrons give, 
Ami those who live to please, must please to live. 

Ninth Year. 267 

No matter how short the eccentric afterpiece, If only lialf- 
an-hour, so that it be full of sparkle, humour, practical fun, 
good situations, laughable songs, and well-executed duetts, 
trios, and concerted pieces, the audience, having to the full 
appreciated the high art of the first piece — but withal a trifle 
weary of it — will go away at the end of an Aristophanic extra- 
vaganza, tickled with the * hits,' delighted with its brilliancy, 
and in the greatest good-humour with the songs, music, 
dances, and the scenery, which last should be a special feature. 
The Committee of Tutors would be the first to enjoy such an 
entertainment, and would amend the rule by * ' excepting 

So finishes my labour of love, which I trust will not be 
Love's labour lost. 

Hcee olim meminisse juvabit. These are happy memories, 
and to paraphrase Lord Houghton's sparkling epilogue of 
fifty years ago, already quoted in the Preface — 

But, as the present chronicle expires, 

The writer asks one boon, and so retires ; 

That on some pleasant evenings, when you're freed 

From toil and care, and these brief records read, 

In thought you will the path of life retrace, 

And hear once more the voice, and see the face 

Of many an old companion, then so young, 

"With whom you've acted, laughed, and danced, and simg. 

Then, as you watch the fragrant cloud ascend, 

Distance enchantment to the view shall lend. 

While, as you close the book, and cease to read. 

You'll murmur, " Those were happy days indeed I " 

The coffee finished, sip your Eau de vie^ 

And, from your heart, cry, " Floreat * A, D. G. ! ' " 



193, Piccadilly^ London, W^ 
November^ 1879. 

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istrns., 2 vols. . 

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„ 2 vols. . 

i6 o 

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1. With 



In Post Svo. With the Orig^inal Illustrations, jo vols., cloth, £i2. 




















CHRISTMAS STORIES from " Household Words." &c.. 14 

Illustrations. Uniform with the Library Edition, post Svo, of his Works. In one vol. los. 6d. 


In Crow7t Svo. In 21 vols., cloth, with Illustrations, £j gs. 6d. 


PICKWICK PAPERS 8 Illustrations . . .. 36 


DOMBEY AND SON 8 „ .... 3 6 



BLEAK HOUSE 8 „ .... 3 6 

LITTLE DORRIT 8 „ .... 3 6 

OUR MUTUAL FRIEND 8 „ .... 3 6 

BARNABY RUDGE 8 „ .... 3 6 

OLD CURIOSITY SHOP 8 „ .... 3 6 


EDWIN DROOD and OTHER STORIES .. ..8 „ .... 3 6 

CHRISTMAS STORIES, from "Household Words" ..8 „ .... 3 6 

TALE OF TWO CITIES 8 „ ....30 




OLIVER TWIST 8 „ ....30 




THE LIFE OF CHARLES DICKENS. Uniform with thU Edition, with Numerous 
Illustrations, a vols. 3s. 6d. each. 




Compute in JO Volumes. Demy Svo, los. each; or set, £1$. 

This Edition is printed on a finer paper and in a larger type than has been 
employed in any previous edition. The type has been cast especially for it, and 
the page is of a size to admit of the introduction of all the original illustrations. 

No such attractive issue has been made of the writings of Mr. Dickens, 
which, various as have been the forms of publication adapted to the demands 
of an ever widely-increasing popularity, have never yet been worthily presented 
in a really handsome library form. 

The collection comprises all the minor writings it was Mr. Dickens's wish, 
to preserve. 

SKETCHES BY " BOZ." With 40 Illustrations by George Cruikshank. 

PICKWICK PAPERS. 2 vols. With 42 Illustrations by Phiz. 

OLIVER TWIST. With 24 Illustrations by Cruikshank. 

NICHOLAS NICKLEBY. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Phiz. 

OLD CURIOSITY SHOP and REPRINTED PIECES. 2 vols. With Illustrations by 
Cattermole, &c. 

BARNABY RUDGE and HARD TIMES. 2 vols. With Illustrations by Cattermole, &c 

MARTIN CHUZZLEWIT. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Phiz. 

AMERICAN NOTES and PICTURES FROM ITALY, i vol. With 8 Illustrations. 

DOM BEY AND SON. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Phiz. 

DAVID COPPERFIELD. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Phiz. 

BLEAK HOUSE. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Phiz. 

LITTLE DORRIT. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Phiz. 

A TALE OF TWO CITIES. With 16 Illustrations by Phiz. 

THE.UNCOMMERCIAL TRAVELLER. With 8 Illustrations by Marcus Stone. 

GREAT EXPECTATIONS. With 8 Illustrations by Marcus Stone. 

OUR MUTUAL FRIEND. 2 vols. With 40 Illustrations by Marcus Stone. 

CHRISTMAS BOOKS. With 17 Illustrations by Sir Edwin Landseer, R.A., Maclise, 
R.A., &c. &c. 

HISTORY OF ENGLAND. With 8 Illustrations by Marcus Stone. 

CHRISTMAS STORIES. (From " Household Words " and "All the Year Round.") With. 
14 Illustrations. 

EDWIN DROOD AND OTHER STORIES. With 12 Illustrations by S. L. FiUes. 




In Crown 4to vols. 
21 Volumes completed, 
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MARTIN CHUZZLEWIT, with 59 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
DAVID COPPERFIELD, with 60 Illustrations and a Portrait, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
BLEAK HOUSE, with 61 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
LITTLE DORRIT, with 58 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
PICKWICK PAPERS, with 56 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
BARNABY RUDGE, with 46 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
A TALE OF TWO CITIES, with 25 Illustrations, cloth, 2s. 6d. ; paper, is. gd. 
OUR MUTUAL FRIEND, with 58 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
NICHOLAS NICKLEBY, with 59 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
GREAT EXPECTATIONS, with 26 Illustrations, cloth, 2s. 6d. ; paper, is. gd. 
OLD CURIOSITY SHOP, with 39 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 
SKETCHES BY " BOZ," with 36 Illustrations, cloth, 2s. 6d, ; paper, is, gd. 
HARD TIMES, with 20 Illustrations, cloth, 2s. ; paper, is. 6d, 
DOM BEY AND SON, with 61 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 

UNCOMMERCIAL TRAVELLER, with 26 Illustrations, cloth, 2s. 6d.; paper, is. gd. 
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THE HISTORY OF ENGLAND, with 15 Illustrations, cloth, 2s. 6d. ; paper, is. gd. 

AMERICAN NOTES and PICTURES FROM ITALY, with 18 New Illustrations, cloth, 
2S. 6d. ; paper, is. gd. 

EDWIN DROOD ; REPRINTED PIECES ; and other STORIES, with 30 Illustrations, 
cloth, 4s. ; paper, 3s. 

CHRISTMAS STORIES, with 23 Illustrations, cloth, 4s. ; paper 3s. 

THE LIFE OF DICKENS. By John Forster. In November. 

Messrs. Chapman & Hall trust that by this Edition they will be enabled 

to place the works of the most popular British Author of the present day in 

the hands of all English readers. 


PICKWICK PAPERS. In Boards. Illustrated. 2s. 
SKETCHES BY BOZ. In Boards. Illustrated. 2s. 
OLIVER TWIST. In Boards. Illustrated. 2s. 
NICHOLAS NICKLEBY. In Boards. Illustrated. 2s. 
MARTIN CHUZZLEWIT. In Boards. Illustrated. 2s. 
DOM BEY AND SON. In Boards. Illustrated. 2s. 


Fcap. 8vo, sewed. 






A CHRISTMAS CAROL, with the Original Coloured Plates ; 

being a reprint of the Original Edition. Small 8vo, red cloth, gilt edges, 5s. 




Some degree of truth has been admitted in the charge not unfrequently 
brought against the English, that they are assiduous rather than solid readers. 
They give themselves too much to the lighter forms of literature. Technical 
Science is almost exclusively restricted to its professed votaries, and, but for 
some of the Quarterlies and Monthlies, very little solid matter would come 
within the reach of the general public. 

But the circulation enjoyed by many of these very periodicals, and the 
increase of the scientific journals, may be taken for sufficient proof that a taste 
for more serious subjects of study is now growing. Indeed there is good reason 
to believe that if strictly scientific subjects are not more universally cultivated, 
it is mainly because they are not rendered more accessible to the people. Such 
themes are treated either too elaborately, or in too forbidding a style, or else 
brought out in too costly a form to be easily available to all classes. 

With the view of remedying this manifold and increasing inconvenience, 
we are glad to be able to take advantage of a comprehensive project recently 
set on foot in France, emphatically the land of Popular Science. The well- 
known publishers MM. Reinwald and Co., have made satisfactory arrange- 
ments with some of the leading savants of that country to supply an exhaustive 
series of works on each and all of the sciences of the day, treated in a style at 
once lucid, popular, and strictly methodic. 

The names of MM. P. Broca, Secretary of the Socie'te d'Anthropologie ; 
Ch. Martins, Montpellier University ; C. Vogt, University of Geneva ; G. de 
Mortillet, Museum of Saint Germain; A. Guillemin, author of **Ciel"and 
"Phenomenes de la Physique;" A. Hovelacque, editor of the "Revue de 
Linguistique ; " Dr. Dally, Dr. Letourneau, and many others, whose co- 
operation has already been secured, are a guarantee that their respective 
subjects will receive thorough treatment, and will in all cases be written up to 
the very latest discoveries, and kept in every respect fully abreast of the times. 

We have, on our part, been fortunate in making such further arrangements 
with some of the best writers and recognised authorities here, as will enable us 
to present the series in a thoroughly English dress to the reading public of this 
covmtry. In so doing we feel convinced that we are taking the best means of 
supplying a want that has long been deeply felt. 




The volumes in actual course of execution, or contemplated, will embrace 
such subjects as : 














STATISTICS, &c. &c. 

All the volumes, while complete and so far independent in themselves, will 
be of uniform appearance, slightly varying, according to the nature of the 
subject, in bulk and in price. 

When finished they will form a Complete Collection of Standard Works of 
Reference on all the physical and mental sciences, thus fully justifying the 
general title chosen for the series — "Library of Contemporary Science." 



/« 1 7 vols. Demy %vo. Cloth, 6j-. each. 


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Boards, 2s. ; cloth, y. 










Croivn %vo, fancy boards, is. each, or 2s. 6d. in doth, 
CERISE. A Tale of the Last Century. 
"BONES AND I;" or, The Skeleton at Home. 
" M., OR N." Similia Similibus Curantur. 
CONTRABAND; or, A Losing Hazard. 
MARKET HARBOROUGH; or, How Mr. Sawyer went to 

the Shires. 

SARCHEDON. A Legend of the Great Queen. 


SATANELLA. A Story of Punchestown. 

THE TRUE CROSS. A Legend of the Church. 

KATERFELTO. A Story of Exmoor. 

SISTER LOUISE ; or, A Story of a Woman's Repentance. 




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Book IV. 

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I. Ditto, 8d. 


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diameter, 24 inchps high ; Square Pyramid, 17 inches side, 24 inches high ; Cone, 
17 inches side, 24 inches high ; Skeleton Cube, ip inches side ; Intersecting Circles, 
19 inches side ; Plain Circle, 19 inches side ; Plam Square, 19 inches side. Table 
27 inches by 21 J^ inches. Stand. The Set complete, ;^i4 13s. 

Vulcanite set square, 5s. 

Large compasses with chalk-holder, 5s. 
*Slip, two set squares and T square, 5s. 

*Parkes's case of instruments, containing 6-inch compasses with pen and pencil leg, 5s. 
*Prize instrument case, with 6-inch compasses, pen and pencil leg, 2 small compasses 
pen and scale, i8s. 

6-inch compasses with shifting pen and point, 4s. 6d. 

Small compass in case, is. 



TWELVE SHEETS. By John- Drew, Ph. Dr., F.R.S.A. Prepared for the Com 
mittee of Council on Education. Sheets, £,% 8s.; on rollers and varnished, ;^4 4s. 


NINE SHEETS. Illustrating a Practical Method of Teaching Botany. By Professor 
Henslow, F.L.S. £-2 ; on rollers, and varnished, ^3 3s. 


(Thalamifloral . . 
cSiiiS :: 

\ Incomplete 
I, Gymnospermous . . 
( Petaloid . . . . f Superior 
Monocotyledons . . •< ( Inferior. . 

& 3 


VEGETABLE KINGDOM. By Professor Oliver, F.R.S., F.L.S. 70 Imperial 
sheets, containing examples of dried Plants, representing the different Orders. 
£r^ 5s. the set. 

Catalogue and Index, is. 

* Models, &c., entered as sets, cannot be supplied singly. 



TEN SHEETS. By William J. Glenny, Professor of Drawing, King's College. 

In sets, £\ is. 

DIVISIONS, containing 32 Imperial Plates, 20s. 

2S. gd. Mounted, 5s. 6d. 



Sheet, 4s. ; on roller and varnished, 7s. 6d. 


Dr. John Anderson. 
8 Diagrams, highly coloured on stout paper, 3 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 6 inches. 
Sheets £,\ per set ; mounted on rollers, ^2. 

DIAGRAMS OF THE STEAM-ENGINE. By Professor Goodeve and Professor 

Shelley. Stout paper, 40 inches by 27 inches, highly coloured. 
Sets of 41 Diagrams (52^^ Sheets), £,6 6s.; varnished and mounted on rollers, 
£x\ us. 
MACHINE DETAILS. By Professor Unwin. 16 Coloured Diagrams. Sheets, 

£1 2s. ; mounted on rollers and varnished, £,■>, 14s. 

By Stanislas Pettit. 60 Sheets, £,-^ 5s.; 13s. per dozen. 

Mounted, 25s. 
LESSONS IN MECHANICAL DRAWING. By Stanislas Pettit. is. per 

dozen ; also larger Sheets, more advanced copies, 2s. per dozen. 

dozen ; also larger Sheets, more advanced copies, 2s. per dozen. 


ELEVEN SHEETS. Illustrating Human Physiology, Life size and Coloured from 
Nature. Prepared under the direction of John Marshall, F.R.S., F.R.C.S., &c. 
Each Sheet, 12s. 6d. On canvas and rollers, varnished, £,\ is. 











HUMAN BODY, LIFE SIZE. By John Marshall, F.R.S., F.R.C.S. Each 
Sheet, 12s. 6d. ; on canvas and rollers, varnished, £,1 is. Explanatory Key, is. 

1. THE SKELETON, Front View, 5. THE SKELETON, Side View. 

2. THE MUSCLES, Front View. 6. THE MUSCLES, Side View. 


4. THE MUSCLES, Back View. Front View. 


TEN SHEETS. Illustrating the Classification of Animals. By Robert Patterson, 

£,•2. ; on canvas and rollers, varnished, £,2> los. 
The same, reduced in size on Royal paper, in 9 Sheets, uncoloured, 12s, 




Edited by JOHN MORLEY, 

nPHE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW is published on the ist of 
every month (the issue on the 15th being suspended), and a Volume is 
completed every Six Months. 

The following are among the Contributors : — 




























&c. &c. &c. 

The Fortnightly Review is published at 2s. 6d. 



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