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DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE 



I RARE AND UNEDITED 

ROMAN COINS; 



THE EARLIEST PEKIOD OF THE BOHAN COINAGE, 

TO THE EXTINCTION OF THE EMPIRE UNDEE 

C0N8TANTINUS PALEOLOOOS. 

WITH NUMEROUS PLATES VBOH THE ORIQINALB. 



...m 

J. Y. AKS^fi^iAN.V'rySv'k'. 



IN TWO V(a,UJ«EjIO-^Vni-;-l/. ,- 



LONDON: 
EFFINOHAH WILSON, ROTAL EXCHANGE. 

M.DCCC.XXX1V. , 



PREFACE 



These yolumes have been compiled, in the hope that they 
may prove of senrice to the Antiquary and the Collector of 
Roman coins : to the former, as a book of reference ; to the 
latter, as an accurate g^de to the formation of his cabinet 
It is remarkable, that no catalogue in the present form has 
ever appeared in this countrj^^notwithstandip^ the numerous 
discoveries which have' ^wn inafle ih Vsfrfou^ ^parts of the 

three kingdoms during the?1S^t:^i> ce1>iuries. Scarcely a 

' ' ' ' ' ' * 'j ' ^ ' 

year passes, in which thefplei^liOE/I^ar^ frr^the spade does not 
bring to light numerous relics ^ oT thkt *gfgantic empire of 
which this island once formed a part; and among these 
relics, the coins are the most conspicuous. 

In the production of this Catalogue, I have been mate- 
rially assisted by the excellent work {^^^Ih la "EUxreU et 
du Prix des MedaiUes Bamaines") of M. Mionnet, who has 
taken as his guide the Docbina Numorum Veterum of 
EckheL I have, however, departed from the plan of that 
celebrated numismatist, in the omission of the valuation of 
each coin; any such valuation being fidlacious, as will be 
seen by comparing the prices of M. Mionnet with those 

VOL I. b 



11 PREFACE. 



which have been given by French collectors in this coun- 
try. It may be urged, that this writer aimed only at an 
approximation; but even this is refuted by the prices which 
coins have brought at public sales in London; an account 
of which I have thought proper to occasionally mention, — 
not as a guide to purchaser, but simply as instances of what 
a rare coin may bring when submitted to competition. 

It is believed that the brief biographical and chrono- 
logical notices of each reign, wiU be found more correct 
than any that have appeared in English works; more 
especially those of the usurpers, whose short but violent 
struggles for the purple — that fatal badge, which, like the 
fabled shirt of the Cei^prj^ brOHgllt inevitable destruction 

'. : •/: •••. \: % • : ..•:• 

on the weai)fr;4'^/i^**^<^^**'^ I^Ulrt«intere8ting portion of 
the Roman histo]^!;: :>••• •*•: 

The iLLUSTRAVdM^^.ooB^prte ftiany imique and impub- 
lished types* The crowitigs' have, in every instance^ been 
made from the actual coins, and are confidently presented 
as perfect fao-similes. They have been executed by Mr. 
H, A. OoG, a young artist, who, though a landscape 
eng^ver, has shewn himself not unequal to the task. 

As a specimen of typography, the work may rank with 
the most costly productions of the English press. 

It is proper to mention that this work does not comprise 
an account of every Roman coin at present known, but 
only of such as from their rarity or their interest are more 
eagerly sought for by collectors than common types, which 



PREFACE. HI 

may be procured at all times, and without great expense, 
from dealers in coins and medals. 

To the gentlemen entrusted with the care of the col- 
lection of medals in the British Museum, as well as to 
those who are incidentally mentioned throughout the work, 
I am most deeply indebted; and I trust that the sincerity 
of this avowal will not be questioned because I have here 
omitted an ostentatious array of their names. 

It only remains for me to add, that I originally designed 
the compilation of these volumes for the amusement of my 
leisure hours ; but that, as the work advanced, I discovered 
that what I had at first entered upon as a relaxation from 
less pleasing pursuits, had become a task of no inconsi- 
derable labour. This, therefore, must plead in excuse for 
the errors into which I may have &llen. I may say with an 
ancient author, that this work was commenced non otii abrnif 
dantidj sed amoris erga scientiam : of its execution I dare not 
urge more, than that I have endeavoured to avail myself 
of the experience of practised numismatists, and to combine 
with it the information of former writers on this important 
branch of Archeeology. 



J. Y. A. 



CambenoeU, February, 1834. 



b2 



rj.ATK 11 





GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE COINS AND 
COINAGE OP THE ROMANS ; 



Ih the following remarks, I BHal! not attempt to oiFer any 
eulogy on the coins of the Romans ; either as records of 
past events, or as containing numerous poetical emblems 
and Olostrations : nor will it be necessary to expatiate on 
those deeds of valour, patriotism, and ambition, which in 
nomberless instances they record, such being the province 
of an elementary work. These observations shall therefore 
be confined to the coins of the Romans as they now exist; 
but more espetnally to the pieces themselves, which, as 
specimens of ancient art alone, afford a sufficient reason 
for their preservation. 

Many opinions have been advanced as to the method of 
coinage practised by the Romans ; but it is now universally 
allowed that the operation was performed by the hammer, 
or some equivalent means. This conjecture is supported 



VI GENERAL 

by the number of coins now extant, which are incuse, or 
indented on one side; a circumstance attributable, no 
doubt, to the carelessness of the workmen, who neglected 
to withdraw the coin after it had been struck, so that the 
next piece of metal placed to receive the blow, not only 
received the impression of the die, but also that of the 
previous coin. In the consular series we have numerous 
examples of these incuse coins. Many coins are met with 
which bear two imperfect rows of letters in the legend, and, 
like other imperfections, owing, no doubt, to the vacillation 
of the piece while under the blows of the hanmier. Other 
circumstances confirm the belief that Roman coins, at least 
down to the time of Septimius Severus, were struck with a 
die ; namely, the irregularity of their edges, and their being 
never perfectly round; besides the variation in their cir- 
cumference, which it may be supposed would not have 
happened if they had been cast in moulds : this irregularity 
in their size must be owing to the different degrees of force 
with which the pieces were struck. The coin engraved at 
the head of these observations may be adduced in support of 
this opinion. In addition to such evidences, many dies 
used by the Romans in their coinage have been discovered in 
modern times. Two of the age of Augustus were found at 
NismeSy many years since, and are engraved and described 
by Count Caylus, in his Recueil (TAntiquites. They are 
said to have been formed of a mixture, consisting of equal 
parts of copper, tin, lead, and zinc But dies of steel were 
also used; and there is one in the possession of a French 
antiquary, which bears the marks of the hammer. It was 
originally of a conical shape, but the top has been flattened 
by repeated blows. The instrument engraved in plate xiv., 
which is evidently intended to inclose the coin for the 
hammer, so that both sides of the piece might be impressed 
at the same time, was discovered at Baumont-sur-Oise, and 



OBSERVATIONS. Vll 

presented to the Frendi Cabinet by the Maire of that 
commune. It is of the time of the emperor Constans. 
On the obverse, the letters stans are still visible. The 
reverse has a Victory, with a trophy and a palm branch : 
l^end, . • • D. N. . . . 

It has been said that Roman coins, until the reign 
of S. Severus, were struck from a die; but, although we 
have good proof that such means were employed in the 
reign of this prince, there are still vast numbers of pieces 
bearing his head, which are, without doubt, cast from 
moulds ; and these have been, by most numismatists, con- 
sidered as the work of Roman forgers. But it will be 
proper to speak first of the ancient forgeries anterior to this 
period* Very early specimens of the consular money are 
found to be of copper, plated with silver, and that too, so 
ingeniously, that they must have deceived the most cautious, 
at the time they passed current There are numerous 
specimens of this fraudulent art among the Greek money, 
and in the early coins of the Gauls, many of which are 
plated with tin ; indeed, it would appear from Pliny,* that 
the Romans acquired the art of tinning on copper from that 
people, of whose skill in this respect, I possess examples 
in forged coins. Nay, even plated coins of the British prince 
Cunobeline, are known : this imposition seems to have been 
universally practised by the ancients. Plated Roman coins 
abound ; and we are informed by Pliny, that they are the 
work of Roman forgers; whose skill, he says, was so much 
admired, that several true denarii were often exchanged for 



* Stannum illitum aenels vasis, saporem gratiorem facit, et compescit 
aeniginis virus : minimque, pondiis non auget. Specula quoque ez eo lauda- 
dsstma, ut diximus, Brandisii temperabautur, donee argenteis uti coepere et 
ancxllae. •••*•* Album incoqaitur aereis operibus Galliarum invento, 
ita ut yix discerni po&sit ab argento, eaque incoctilia vocant Deinde et 
argentnm iucoquere simili modo coepere equorum mazime ornamentis, jumen- 
tornm jugis, in Alexia oppido. L. 34, c. zlviii. 



^ 



Viii GENERAL 



one of these ingenious forgeries.* Notwithstanding the 
heavy penalties imposed upon the forger,f there is good 
reason for believing that the fraud was practised, as soon as 
the coinage of silver commenced at Rome 4 in the consular 
series ; in the reigns of J. Caesar, Augustus, and Tiberius, 
the forgers' trade seems to have thriven ; but in the time 
of Claudius, it appears to have reached its acme, four out 
of every five of the denarii of that emperor being plated* 
It is the same with the denarii of Claudius Drusus and 
Domitilla; but particularly the latter. With such evidence, 
the question naturally suggested is this : — Were not the 
emperors themselves sometimes guilty of this base prac- 
tice ? or did the spurious money of the forger exceed in 
quantity the authorized coin ? It is true that such was the 
case in England not many years since, when the copper 



* Falsi denarii apectatur exemplar; plaribusque vena denariis adulterinus 
emitar. 

f The pttntahment among the Romans for the crime of forgeiy, was moat 
severe : during the republic, false coiners, if belonging to the common people, 
were punished with death : those of superior rank were sentenced to perpetual 
banishment, their estates being confiscated. At a much later period, Constan- 
tiae the Great zealously endeavoured to exterminate forgers of the public money, 
and made several laws for that purpose. In' A. D. 317, he published an act 
which condemned to the flames, all such as had been found guilty even of coining 
gold from false dies. The Theodosian code contains many severe laws against 
forgers of the public money. 

The gain by forged money in imitation of silver, at the present day, is 
very considerable ; but in the time of the Romans, the silver of the plated 
forged coins amounted sometimes to a fourth of the inferior metal. I found 
in a plated denarius of Tiberius, the following proportions of silver and 
copper: — Silver, 26.312 — Copper, 79.688. In another forged denarius of 
Julius Caesar, with the head of Antonius on the reverse: — Silver, 18.000 — 
Copper, 82.000. A Probns of fine copper, washed with gold, and evidently 
intended to pass for an aureus of the period, contained : — Gold, 3.750— 'Copper, 
96.250. 

t It was perhaps c<feval with the coining of money. ** Infamis ars pellicu- 
atoa numos fingendi, id est, sreos vel plumbeos tegendi lamina argentea vel 
aurea, pene rei monetariae initiis cosva est." Neumann, Romanorum Numi 
AnecdoU, p. 197. 



OBSERVATIONS. IX 

drcnlation was almost wholly supplied by the forgers of 
Biimingham. Several ancient authors fiimish us with 
anecdotes which go &r to justify the suspicion that forged 
money was sometimes issued by the emperors themselves. 
Suetonius informs us that Julius Caesar took from the 
treasury of the capitol, three thousand pounds weight of 
gold, and substituted the same quantity of gilded brass.* 
Pliny mentions a mutiny of Antony's legions, who com- 
plained that he had mixed iron with the denarii.f This 
statement is supported by a denarius in the cabinet of F. 
Douce, Esq., which flies to the magnet, as though formed 
wholly of iron. The plated forgeries seem almost confined to 
the denarius, there being but very few forged pieces of less 
value4 Again, Dion|| speaks of the issue by Caracalla, 
of pieces of lead, gilt with gold, and of copper plated with 
silver. Now the only reason for doubting this latter state- 
ment is, the &ct that the forgeries of the Roman coins of 
this period, are of an entirely different description. 

Under Septimius Severus, or perhaps as early as the time 
of Didius Julianus, the Roman denarii were debased consi- 
derably.§ Clay moulds of the time of Severus and his 



* In primo consulatu tria millia pondo auri furatus e capitoHo ; tantundem 
ioaurati eiis reposuit. Sveton. in Caet. c. 54. 

f They had other reasons for marmuring; since the average weight of the 
legionary denarii does not exceed 65^ grains, whilst those of the usual coinage 
of the period reach 60^ grains — a difference of eight per cent ! Besides this, 
the legionary denarii of Antony are, as will he seen by the annexed statement, 
very inferior in quality to those of Augustus. 

I " Quinarii suberati paucissimi sunt, et aareis pauciores argentei, nimis 
modico periculosae artis lucro." Neumann, ■ 

II AXffOeiv f^ap T0V9 xpVffov9 avT0t9 iBwpeiTO, to«9 Se By 
*Piufia*oi9 KipBifXov Kal to apofvpiov Ktu to yjpvolov vapei'^ev. To 
fi^v r^ap €«c fJLokiphov Kaiaprpfp ovfievov, to Be xal ix pi^oXicoi) 
Karaxpvtrovfievov icKeva^ero, Dion, Cass. lib. Ixxvii. c. 14. 

§ It is quite certain thatja considerable reduction in the quality of the silver 
coin took place in the reign of Hadrianus. See the annexed assay of Roman 
denarii. 



X GENERAL 

successors have been discovered in considerable numbers in 
England and in France ; and, although the learned Eckhel 
expresses his belief that they were the contrivances of 
forgers, there appears to be some grounds for suspicion that 
they were cast by order of the emperors themselves. To 
say the least, it is difficult at this time to distinguish the 
base money issued by Severus, Caracalla, and Elagabalus, 
from those cast by forgers. The quality of their coins varies 
so much, that upon a casual inspection it might be supposed 
that there was no fixed standard in the reign of those 
princes ; and we have accordingly denarii of base silver of 
every variety of mixed metal. Speaking of the forgeries 
imputed to Caracalla, a French author justly observes, 
<^ L'homme qui voulut assassiner son pere, et qui devint 
ensuite fratricide, pouvait bien etre faux monnayeur.'^ It 
has been said that there are frdse coins of those princes, 
whose names have been associated with every sentiment that 
is just and honourable :* true ; but do they bear any pro- 
portion to the forgeries of the coins of those who were 
notorious for their vices ? In some instances these impo- 
sitions may have been practised by persons in authority, 
without the knowledge or concurrence of the emperor ; and 
this might have been the case with the emperor Claudius, 
whose apathy and indifference are well known. The plated 
coins are certainly most ingenious performances : the thick- 
ness of the denarii would not allow of the common test of 
ringing; and it is worthy of observation, that the plating is 
thicker at the edges than in the centre of the coin ; pro- 
bably a precaution of the forger, to prevent detection by 



* A pasaage in Apuleius, who lived in the reigns of the Antonines, beara 
testimony to the existence of false coins in great numbers during that period : 
his words are, " Ne forte aliquis istorum qnos ofiers aureorum nequam vel 
adulter reperiatur, in hoc ipso sseculo conditos eos annulo tuo pronota donee 
altera die, nummulario pnesente comprobentur." 



OBSERVATIONS. XI 

the test of the file; so that thousands of these false pieces 
may have passed current without risk of detection. 

In the consular series we have many denarii, which are 
notched all round the edges with a file. It is supposed that 
this was first done by the Germans,* in order to ascertain 
the purity of the Roman money; and that their conquerors 
afterwards minted coins with these serrated edges. But 
here the forger was not to be deterred or thwarted in his 
nefiirious art Notched denarii of plated copper soon ap* 
peared; and, as Dr. Cardwell observes, *^ serraii of this 
description are still remaining, as evidence at once of the 
cunning of our barbarian fore&thers, and the united cunning 
and dishonesty of their civilized masters." But, as soon as 
the current coin was debased, it was scarcely possible to 
detect a forgery. When denarii of various degrees of base- 
ness were in circulation, nothing but an assay of the metal 
would enable the possessor to ascertain, if he possessed a 
sum in the authorized coin, or whether he held the spurious 
manu&cture of a daring forger. 

A considerable number of moulds, intended for Roman 
coins, were discovered in the time of Savot, at Lyons, in 
which, as is well known, Severus sojourned for some time, 
afiter his decisive victory over his rival, Albinus. In the 
Memoirs of the French Academy^ there is an account of the 
discovery of several antique moulds of this description, 
intended for coins of Septimius Severus, Julia Domna, and 
their son Caracalla. Near to these moulds was found an 
ingot of mixed metal, covered with verdigris, a certain 
indication of the quantity of copper employed in the 
debasement of the silver. Numerous coins of this period 



* Tacitus, in speaking of these people, says *' Pecuniam probant yeterem et 
din notam, serratos bigatosque." Their preference, however, for the old 
bigale denarii may be explained by the circumstance, that the denarii of the 
time of Tacitus weigh on an average but fifty-two grains, while those of a more 
ancient febric weigh about sixty. 



XU GENERAL 

are frequently found, spotted with the same green rust 
In the ArchxBologioj VoL xxiv. p. 349, there is an account 
of many moulds of this description, discovered near Thorp- 
on-the-Hill, between Wakefield and Leeds, in Yorkshire. 

The moulds, engraved in plate 14, are in the possession 
of Francis Douce, Esq. It is worthy of observation, that 
their reverses do not correspond with the head-side; and 
this is explained by some drawings, in a work published in 
1828^* to which the reader is referred: but it may be as 
well to mention, that, from these representations, it appears 
that the moulds were packed together, to the number of 
forty or fifty, when they were enveloped in a covering of 
clay, left open at the top to receive the ftised metal; and 
that this covering was broken as soon as the metal had cooled. 

Now, leaving the question, whether all the cast coins of 
the time of Severus were in reality forgeries, as undecided, 
it is certain that there exist many denarii of this emperor, 
which have evidently been struck from a die : indeed, it is 
doubtful whether the use of the hammer was ever totally 
abandoned in the Roman mint It is not less certain that 
great numbers of the coins of the time of Constantine the 
Great were struck; but there is good evidence that immense 
quantities of the small brass which, as every one knows, is 
common to excessf in aU parts of Europe, were cast in 
moulds. There are, in the British Museum, a number of 
clay dies, of the time of Constalntine the Great and his son, 
with a piece of copper, bearing the impression of two or 
three coins from these same moulds, which closely resemble 
those of the time of Septimius Severus. 



* The Dafobriva of Antoninas, identified and illustrated by excavated 
remains of that Roman station, in the vicinity of Castor, Northamptonshire : 
by £• T. Artis, F.A.S. &c. London, 1828. 

f The small brass of this emperor axe discovered in great numbers almost 
every year in England. At a sale in London in 1831, there were not less than 
800 in one lot ! 



OBSERVATIONS. XUl 

The conclusions to be drawn from these &cts are, there- 
fore, that there was no fixed standard for the silver coin in 
die reigns of Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Maximinus, and 
Elagabalus; and that, in all probability, coins were cast by 
order of these emperors, in times of emergency, of a very 
base qnality; the usual method with the hammer being, as 
we have every reason to believe, a tedious and expensive 
process. The coinage of denarii aerei of the succeeding 
emperors, shews that silver was become of still greater 
scarcity in their reigns; and if such money as this was 
authorised by the government, it will certainly favour the 
belief, that the base silver of the preceding reigns was also 
an acknowledged coin. The moulds of the time of Con- 
stantine, to which I have alluded, may have been employed 
by authority of that emperor, as an expeditious method of 
mintage; and this opinion is strengthened by the fact, that 
the fragment of copper which was discovered with them, is 
of as good quality as the usual coins of his reign, of which 
we have innumerable specimens. 

These observations are thrown together for the consider- 
ation of the practised Numismatist; while they may serve to 
point out to the inexperienced, some points in this inte- 
resting study, which will probably continue to perplex and 
embarrass even the learned. Notwithstanding the existence 
of such numbers of plated coins of the earlier days of Rome, 
it is, nevertheless, very probable that they are the perform- 
ances wholly of forgers; but whether the cast coins of a 
later period are of the same origin, or were authorised by 
the government to be struck in remote provinces, while a 
better coin was minted at Rome, are questions which at 
present can be met only by conjecture. 



ASSAY OF DENARII. 



Grou Weight 
in Grains. 



" pansa" 



. 56| — 56^% 



Consular (Yibia) 

Augustus - - - - "ob. cives. servatos 

M. Antonius - - - leg. viii. - - - 

Nero "salus"- - - - - 42 — 

yiTELLius - - - - "libertas" - - - - 

Vespasianus - - - Victory, seated - - - 

DoHiTiANua . - - Minerva, standing - - * 

Nerya ... - - Fortune, standing - - 



Pore 
Silver. 

56 



55f — 
55^ — 



52 — 
4S| — 
46J — 
50 — 



Trajanus - - 

Hadrian us 
Ant. Pius - - 
Faustina, Sen. 

M. AURELIUS • 

Faustina, Jon. 
L. Verus - - 
Sept. Seyerus 
Julia Dohna - 
Clodius Albinus 

Caracalla 
Elagabalus - 



^Victory, seated, "Tr, 
) p." &c. - - - - 

- " Moneta. aug." - - 

- " COS. iii." Moneta 

- Jono, standing - - - 

- Liberality, standing - 
« "aetemitas" - - - 

- p. m. &c« - - - - 

- Annona, standing - 

- Laetitia, standing - 

- " fides, legion." &c. 
C Moneta, standing, ''mo- 
\ neta aug." - - - 
C " Sancto. dei. solis. Ela- 
i gab." 



Idem'- - - - - 
Sev. Alexander - 



Maximinu& 



Gordianus III. 



- Mars, marching - - 

{Salus seated, " salus au- 
gusti" . - - 
C "virtus, aug." fig. stand- 

1 ing 

Philippus, the Father, the emperor, seated 

Philippus, the Son - Mars, marching - - 

- "Adventus. aug." - - 

- Salus. standing - - 
C saeculi. felicitas. £m- 
( peror, standing - - 

pROBUs . - - - - a denarius aereus - - 



Trajanus Decius - 
Valerianus - - 

postumus - - - 



45 

46 

47 

45| 

48^ 

51i 



41 
8»A 

35 " 






- 58 — 



TUV 



47i - 26^ 



- 64 — 



J7 

50 ^— 



48 — 

43^ — 



46« 



- 42 — 



78 
58 
52 
52 



494 



48^ 
644 



AK 50 



24^'^r 
20Ty» 

127*0*^ 
T7 46 



Voir 



— 2 



04 
TOO 



ACTUAL WEIGHT OF DENARII, IN TROY GRAINS, 

rKOM FOVPEIUfl MAONOt TO CORtTAHTINUB MAOMUi, 











WIIOBT 


MAHE. 


TTfB, &«. 




GOMDITlOa. 


1« aEAUIS 


Ponrsins Maoxus 


• Anapius and Amphinomus 


. fine 


. 59 


Cmakids Pomfuos 


Minstia iamily 




. fine 


. 58 


SXXTOS PoMniDS 


. Ditto 




. fine • 


. 58 


Jouus Caxsak 


. Marc Antonius 




• W6u prttcTvcu 


. 52 




SepuUius Maoer 




. diUo 


. 57 




Ditto 




. diito 


. 57 




Mussidius Longus 




. fine 


. 56 




M. Mettius , 




• well pre$erved 


. 62} 




L. Buca 




. ditto 


. 51 




S. Gracchus . 




. ditto 


. 54 




VeUedhead . 




average • 


. 62 
. 561 


Lbpidds 


. Augustus 


1 


• middling . 


. 59 


AirtoJiius . 


. Augustus 




• toell pregerved 


. 61 




Ditto 




. ditto 


OOv 




Ventidius 




. fine . 


. 6r 




Sep. Macer 




««// prexrved 


. 61 




Oriens 




. ^w* . 


. 61 




Ahenobarbos • 




• ififfM preterved 


. 54 

. 59} 




The legions 53, 59, 54 


,5C, 


53, 






56, 59, 54, 56 




4 fine^-merage 


• 55} 


Lucius Ahtonius 


. M. Antonius 




. well preterved 


• 54 


Augustus • 


. 63, 59, 57, 59, 59, 58, 
58,59,59,58 59 . 


». 


59, 

. well preterved- 
average .■ 


. 59 




quinarius 


> 


. J!n« . 


. 27 


AOKIPPA 


. Augustus 




• well preserved 


. 56 


Tnxmius 


.47,56,58 . 


) 


. di<<o 

average • 


! 57 


AVTOIOA 


• • • • 




well preterved 


. 48 


Cauoula • 


. 64,47,51,55 




. ditto 






• 




aoem^tf . 


.* 52 


[ AoBirriNA . 


« • • < 


> 


• wellpraerved 


. 54 


CukUDIUS 


. 55,53^52,57,56,55, 


58, 


57 . ditto 


. 54 
. 55} 


Nkko 


. (young head) 55}, 57 


, 53, 55, viettpmerved 






• 




atwro^ff • 


\ 55 




(old head) 51, 47, 52, 


.50, 


48, well preterved — 








average • 


. 49} 


Galea 


. 50,47,48,52, 


» 


. middling . 


. 48} 



•^ 



XVI 



WEIGHT OF DENARII. 



Galba 

Otho 

v1tf.llids 



NAMB. WBIGHT OP BACH. 

. 50,54,52,51,55, . 
. 52.49,57,49, 



CONDITION. 



WBIGHT 

IN eRjriN*. 



VESrASIAXUB 
TlTUB 



JuuA Tni , 

DOMITIANUS 



DOMITIA 

Nekva 



Teajanus . 



Plotina 

Makciaka . 

Matidia 

Haoeiakus 



Sabina 
Ablius 

AnToiriif us Piui 



Faurika, Semioe 



AUEBUUS 



Faubiika, Junior 



Lucius Veeus 



54, 51, 49, 49, 49, 52, 52, 53, 
52, 47, 50, 53, . 

46, 52, 48, 53, 50, 51, 32, 48y 
53,55,50,48,48,51, 

50,51,51,51,50,51,51, 51, 
53,53,52,50,50,47,53, . 



54, 52, 49, 48, 53, 51, 53, 52, 
50, 51, 51, 52, 51, 51, 48^ . 



Quitiarius 



well preserved — 
average . 51 

well preserved — 
average . , 51^ 

well preservet^-^ 
average . . 51 

well preserved — 

average . . 50) 

well preserved — 

average . 51 

Jine . 53 

well preserved — 

average • . 51 

well preserved . 22) 

dkto. . 50 



53, 51, 50, 53, 55, 52, 51, 54, 
49, 55, 48y 55, 52, 54, 

55, 55, 48, 53, 53, 53, 55, 53, 
49, 53, 52, 52, 45, 50, 54» 

OVf • • • • 

oJi • • • • • 

OOt « • • • • 

do ■ ■ • • ■ 

4/, O^Sn*, • • ■ • 

52, 49, 55, 49, 51, 49, 53, 49, 
53,49,52,54,48,49,59,51, 
o^f 4", • • • * » 

48 53, 53, 52, 56, 51, 50, . 

52,54,52,55,51,49,48^ ^ . 

57, 47, 50, 57, 67, 52, 52, 50, 
48, 55, 49, 52, 52, 54, 52, 

d9, 4o, • • • • 

46, 53^ 53, 62, 59, 49, 51, 51, 
51, 52, 45, 53, 57, 45, 49, 
49,53, . . . . 

53,56,52,45,52, 51,46, 52, 
53,53,43,51,53,49,55^52, 

^ff T»0^ • • • • 

52, 56, 53, 45, 52, 51, 46, 52, 
53, 59, 49, 53, 52, 51, 53, 
o^ oi, • • • • 

46, 53, 52, 55, 53, 48, 50, 50, 
50, 52, 47, 55, 51, 46 



well preserved — 

average . . &2^ 



well preserved- — 
average . « 
middling • 
fine • . . 
fine . 
toell preserved 



WeUpreserved — 
aioerage . 



well preservedr^ 
average • 

well preserved — 
average . 



52 

52 

53i 

53 

49} 



fine — average . 51) 

fine-^average • 52 
w^ preserved — 

eoferage . • 51) 



52 



well preserved — 
average • . 51 

well preserved-^ 
average . • 51 



52 



50) 



WEIGHT OF DENARII. 



XVU 



LucnxA 
Go 



MAMK. 



OOUS 



CmunKA 



Dioros JciuAXirs 

DiSIA ClAMA 
PXSC. NlOKA 

Ci^OD. ALBurua 

ScTxmus . 



DomrA 



Caaacalla 

GXZA 

Mackivus 

DlAVeifXNXAJIUS 

Elaoabalus 

JcuA Paula 
JiTUA Aquuja 
Julia Maksa • 
Julia Soabmias 



WBIORT 09 BAOB. COMDITIOM. 

54, 49, 49, 45» 53, 54» 47, . weU pre$trved~~ 

average . 
48, 52, 49, 45^ 47, 54, 51, 42, 
49, 47, 93^ 46, 43, 44, 45, 

. weil preterved — 
average • 
well preterved^"' 

average . 
mitUUing 
, fine-^-average 
well preterved 



WBIOHT 
IBOBAllllt. 

I 

. 50 



49,49, 
47, 49, 45, 56, 51, 



45 

49,55, 

43, 

44, 

46,42,36,45, 
48, 50, 54^ 55, 52, 47, 48, 4Sy 
47, 48, 50, 54, 43, 55, 



ditto 
ditto 
ditto 

well preterved — 
average • 



average 



. 77, 75, large size; 53, 51, 54, 
45,50,58,52,40,46,53,53, 
47, 52, 54, snifdl nie . 
. 75, 79, 81, 82, large ike; 53, 
51,47,47,53,50,56,46,46, 
51,55,55,54)52, small size, average — large 

small 
. 45,52,45^52,53,54,52,54, 
49, 50, 50, 49, 63, 51, 55, 
49, 50, small siie well preterved — 

average . 
. 42, 52, 5a 52, 54, 49, 59, 59, 

55, 52; . • . well preterved-^ 

average . 
• 45, 50, ' • . well preterved — 

average • 
. 79; 78, 81, 73, large size • well preterved-^ 

average • 
49, 54, 51, 46, 47, 50, 52, 49, weU preterved-^ 
46, 36, small size • . average • 
. 49,51,51, .... well preterved — 

average . 

• 48, 58, well preterved — 

average . 
. 46,52,52,54,49,45, • . weU pretetrved— 

average . 

. 37, 48, well pre terved 

average . • 
Sevzeus Alzxaitdeb 46, 53, 47, 52, 42, 44, 53, 48, 

54^ 53, 54, 47, 47, 43, 41 , 45, weU preterved^ 

average . 
Obblaba . 54, 44, 32, 



Maxuumus 



VOL. I. 



48,50,49,44,48,58, . 

48,38,57,49,41,45, 49, 43, 
47,48,51, 



well preterved'-- 

average . 
well preterved — 

average . 

tvell preterved — 
average . 



4C7V 

49J 

50 
43 
42 
44 
44 

49i 

50i 



79i 

50 



514 

52i 
484 
77t 

484 

48 
50 
40 

48 

434 

49 

47 



• •• 

XVUl 



WEIGHT OF DENARII. 



XAHB. 

Pauliva 
Maximus 

GoRDiANUs Africa- 
Kus Pateb, • 

GOKDXANUB AfRJCA- 
KUS FiLIUS 

Balbinds 

PnriKXUs 
GoKDiANUs Pius 



WBIOHT, TTPB, ftc 

40y • • • I 

OOf 4«7j • • • • 



COHDITIOM. 



WBIOHT 
IN OBAINS. 



weil preaerved . 46 
well preserved — 
(tverage . • 52 



43, 



well preterved 



4S7y • • • • • 

81, large; 46, 48, small. 

79, 83, large ; 50, 46. 42 small 

65, 60, 69, 78, large ; 47, 48^50, 

60, 38, small ... 



43 

49 



well preserved 
well preserved-^- 

average . 47 

• well preserved 81 — 46 



Tbavquillina 
Pbiuppus Patxb 

Zdetn ... 
Philifpus Filius 

Trajanvs Decius . 

Dbcius . 

HosnuANUs 

TB.KB0KIAKU8 
VOLUSIANUS . . 

Ajekiliamus . • 

Valxbiaitus 

RxsTOBXD Conrs, sup- 
posed BT GaLUX- 
NU8 



POSTUMUS 
ViCTOEIKUS 

TxTBicus, Pater 

TXTRICUS, Fiuus 

Macrianus 
Quietus . 

DlOCLETIAVUS . 



62,large 

64, 73, 61, 73, large 



66, good silver 

41, small, with title of Caesar, 

63, 81, 54, large . 
64, 57, 63, 55 

63, 60 

53, 61, 45, 68 

71, 57, 54 . 

53,64,55 . 

51i fine, 51, 69 . 

66, 53, 52, 63 



Vespasianus . 
Titus . 
Triyanus 
Antoninus Pius 
61, 54, 61, 59 



wM preserved — 
avera^ — large . 
small , 
well preserved — 
well preserved — 
average . 



61, good silver 
42,39 . 



well preserved — 

average . 
uett preserved — 

average . 
well preserved — 

average . 
well preserved — 

average . 
well preserved — 

average • 
weU preserved — 

average • 
wellpruerved — 

average . 
well preserved'^ 

average • 



wdlpreserved 
file • 
ditto . 

well preserved 
weU preserved — 
average , 



do ... 

64 . . . 

XCVI. 

Victoria, sarmat. . 
Virtus, militum. . 
Providentia. Aug. 
Vietoriae. sarmaticae. 



well preserved — 

average . 
weU praerved 
ditto 
no mark of 

mintage 
no mark 
no mark . 
no mark . 
AA. or HA. 



64 

481 

62 

68 
66 

66 

60 

614 

57 

60| 

57^ 

60 



57 
75 
57 

81 

59 
61 



40^ 

58 

64 



52 
52 
42 

48 



WEIGHT OF DENARII. 



XIX 













WIIOHT 


VAMI. 


TTPB, &C. 


MAEK IN IXBEODI. 


IN OBAINS. 


DlOCLSTIANUS - 


Virtiu. mQitum. . 




^. • . 




4vS 




ditto 




^ . 




49 




ditto 




ALE. . 




48 




ditto 




a club 




46 


MATTMIiflAVVS I. 


XCVI. 




no mark of 












mintage 




52 




Virtus, militum. . , 


• 


no mark . 




54 




ditto 


■ « 


a dub 






58 




ditto, with different 


head. 


ditto 






52 




ditto 


. 


RS. 






51 




ditto 




AHTN. . 






51 




ditto (nibbed) 




C. . 






46 




ditto 




PTR. , 






50 




Victoria, sarmat. . 


. 


D. . 






50 




ditto 




a club 






47 


CoKSTANTIirUS ChU>- 


XCVI. 


1 . 


no mark of 






ECS 






mintage 


.' 


62 




ditto . • 




RQ. 




48 




ditto 




T. 




44 




Victoria, sarmat. . 




no mark . 




51 




ditto . • • . 




v^» • • 




48 




^^rtiu. milituxn. 




v^. . • 




47 




ditto (rubbed) 


t • 


Xl. a • 




44 




ditto ditto 




D. . 




31 




Providentia. aug. . 




HT. . 




37 


MAXooAiras u. 


XCVI. 




no mint mark 




50 




Providentia. aug. 




SIS. 




48 




VirtutL imlitum. . 




SV. 




46 




Victoria, sarmat. . 








41 




Securitas. (rubbed) 




TR. 




39 


Carausius 


Leg. iiiL Centaur 




C. 




61 




Adventus. aug. 




Thunderbolt 




41 


CojfSftAwnwua . 


Constandnus. aug. 




Tse. 




48 




ditto 




ANT. . 




43 




Virtus, militum. • 


. 


PTR. . 




56 




ditto (different type) 


PTR. . 




52 




ditto . 


. 


RT. 






49 



EXPLANATION OF THE ABBREVIATIONS. 



V C ----------------- very cotmnott, 

C----- ------------ common. 

S------ ----------- scarce; 

Being placed against coins which are not bo often met with as those 

denonunated common, hut which cannot with propriety be termed rare. 

R 1, the lowest degree of rarity; 

R 2, the degree above it; and so on up to R 8, which denotes the 

highest degree ; excepting, of course, such coins as are, at present, 

supposed to be unique. 



SCALE. 




j 



( Mi ) 



LIST OF THE PLATES IN VOLUME I. 



COINS. 

PLAT! TO PACK PAOI 

I. 1 

II. 21 

III. 83 

IV. 105 

V. 168 

VL - - 226 

VIL 266 

VIIL 460 

XIV. (first sheet) v 

MEDALLIONS. 

A. 239 

B. 290 

C. 283 

D. 312 

E. 317 



LIST OF THE PLATES IN VOLUME IL 



COINS. 

FLATS 

IX - 

X------- 

XI ----- - 

xu------- 

XUl ------ 



2 

75 

141 

283 

419 



MEDALLIONS. 

F 91 

G 254 

H ----------- 353 

VOL. I. d 



k^ 



\4r 



^ 



.^' 



ERRORS IN VOLUME X. 

Page 7, No. 11. This piece is most probably an As. 

Page 23, No. 3, fir ** suspect," read <' snspecte." 

Page 50. In the quotation fitnn Catullus, for ** celebrant/' read '* oelebra- 
bant" 

Page 41, No. ^Itfir "exerque," read "exergue." 

Page 67, No. 2, jw* '* uvinivs," read ** livineivs.** 

F^ge 144. I have inadvertently mentioned that some of the Spintriati bear 
the head of Augustus. This is not the case. 

Page 156, No. 4. This coin generally reads, " db britann." 

Page 170, No. 6. I have been misled by Mionnet, in describing Ais coin: 
the two figures are obviously military. 

Page 176, No. l,fiT ** sbcvritas. r. p." read "secvritab. p. r." 

Page 179. The account of the rarity of the first brass of Vitellius, should 
come after No. 11, instead of No. 10. 

Page 189. The type of Domitilla, No. 1 , occurs in gold and in silver. 

Page 212. ^ The account of the rarity of the first brass coins of Nerva, is 
by mistake printed under the second brass. 

Page 216, No. 23, trfier « Dimsdale," read " collection." 

Page 239, No. 24,^^ ** pont. aelivs." read *' pons, aelivs.** 

Page 248, No. iO,fir " rare," rwod " rarer." 

Page 254,/or ** Pious," read " Pius." 

Page 266, No. 9, fir ** Argoeus," read " Argea." 

Page 328, Nos. 10 and 11. The female figure on each of these coins looks 
upwards at the stars, and extends her arms. 

Page 360, No. 131. This type was not fine* 

Page 364, No. 2, was in bad condition. 

Page 366. The note to No. 27, applies to the gold type of No. 26. 

Page 430, fir ** fourteenth year," read " seventeenth year." 

Page 443,/or " the fifteenth year," read ** the fifth year." 

Page 41% for " Sabina Tranquillina," read ** Sabinia Tranquillina." 



EBBOBS IN VOLUME II. 

I 

f\f inuiCB *' 

rcau - - uunsECRATIO* 
uuB, Tvnn j^auvuuB f USIUUIUS, " 



Page 2, fir ** armona," read « annona. 

Page 14; fir ** volxoan." read " volkano. 

Page 24,>r " No. 10, 400 francs," read « No. 11, 400 francs.* 

Page Z4,fir " via. traiano." read " vu. traiana.^ 

Page 4Q,fir *' consbcrati." read "consecratio." 

Page 60,^ " Latinius Postumus," read '* Latlenus Postumus.' 

Page 60, /br " pbovidentio." read *' providentia. " 

Page 121, /or « m^allons," read " ro^daillons." 

Page 137, line 1,/or " types," read " legends." 

Page 196, No. 4, fir "concordia. felio. &c." read "concordia. 
FELIX. &c." 

Page 206, No. 5, fir " hbcvli. victori." read ** hercvli. vxctori." 

Page 213, for " NobUissimo ComuUs," read « NobiGsnmo Consuti," 

Page 223. The medaUion of Licinius, Crispus, and the younger Constan- 
tinus, is of gold. 

Page 2b%fir *' costantinus ii." read " constantinus ii." 

Page 336, No. 7. These coins are of db>er. 

Page 348, No. 5, for " QvxnarU," read " Qmnarha:* 

Pages 478 and 480,ybr " Botoniates," read *' Botaniates." 

Page 480./(w "Alexis." read " Alexias." 

Page 482, No. I, fir " AAeSlW," read " AA6SIW." 

Page 482, No. 2, fir " AA€ ^SJI," read " AA6SI." 

Page 484, No. 6, fir " O. A," read^' O. A." 

Page .504./or •' AVTOKPATWP," read " AVTOKPATOyP." 




-' r<— ^ 




■^m^-: 










't*- 



*- • — »^- *»-■ - - ■•■''■ ^^ ' "t ■ " " 



i:5&?^5ir. 



■,\.:^ 



•4fe.. 



X-iT^:. :„ 



^^s;^^'%>- 



:'V' 






/'tf 



.-•.•'.. U-1 



rV-' 




FfO 




JP^6 




7 



-tfci^r? 



,.rv. 



,,fcf 







I L:y.5J or?5 



^*- 



.yy /■ 



.. if ^ 



1 





ROMAN COINS. 



THE AS, AND ITS DIVISIONS: 

ROMAN AND ITALIAN. 



Head of Huieira, and X. — Reetrie. Pronofaveisel, andX. 



ROMA. Victor; in a biga, and X. — Rev. Prow of 8 vessel. 
These are valued at 300 &anca esch by Mionnet 



QUADRUSSIS.* 



A buD, walking. — Rev. A bull, walking. 



* Tbc qnincusui (five uei, e<]uivaleDl to a qniDuina) it onl^ > nominal 
im ; and tbe following, menltoned by aticieDt anlhoci, are also Buppowd to be 
MDinal. The deunx, eleven unciK. Deitnns, ten nncin. Dodnoe, nine 
net*. Bet, eight nncis. Heptuni, neveo uncis. 



*Z TRIPONDIUS — DUP0NDIU8. 

2. 
An eagle on a thunderbolt. — Rev, The parasonium ... R 6 

3. 
An eagle with it8 wings spread, holding a thunderbolt in its talons. — Rev. 
ROMANOM. A pegasus running to the left (Eckhel), - - R7 

4. 
An oval shield charged with two thunderbolts crossed. — Rev. An oval 
shield. {Br^h Museum). 

5. 
Two cocks fighting; between them, two stars. — Rev. The heads of two 
tridents; between them, two dolphins. (Brit, Mm.). 

The first two are valued at 250 francs by Mionnet; the third at 300 
francs. The others may be presumed unique. The specimens of the 
quadrans in the British Museum measure 6 f inches by 3| inches; the 
heaviest weighs 3 lbs. 12 oz. The shape of these pieces is an oblong 
square. 

TRIPONDIUS. 

PIECE OF THREE ASBS. 

Diameter 1 7.* Head of Minerva ; and III. — Rev. Prow of a vessel. R 4 
Valued at fifty francs by Mionnet. 



DUPONDIUS. 

PIECE OF TWO A8ES. 

Roman. 

1. 
Diameter 19. Head of Minerva ; IL-^Rev. Prow of a vessel. R 3 

2. 
„ 14. A similar type. -----------R3 

3. 
Diameter 3f An anchor; on each side, I. — Rev. A wheel, and «|. 
inches. (Brit. Mus.). ----------R8 



* See the scale. 



AS. 



Italian, 

YOLATERRAE. 1. 

Diameter 19. Double head, with beardless faces, covered by 

the petasos. — /2tfv. FELATHRI. in retro- 
grade Etruscan characters. In the centre, II. R7 

2. 
„ 18. Another, with the addition of a club. - - . R 7 

Vahied by Mionnet at 150 francs. 



AS. 

PIBCB, ORIGINALLY OF TWSLYB UNCIX. 

The Raman Asy without Names of Families. 

The large size, of various t3rpes ----------- R2 

With the head of Janus. — A«v. The prow of a vessel - - - - C 

Of the size of large brass, with the latter type -----. C 

Second brass, same type ------------ Rl 

The following types are rare : 

1. 
Diameter 17. Head of Janus. — Rev. Prow of a vessel; I. (Plate 1, No 1). 

2. 
„ 18. Double head of a female ; I. — Rev. A male head, winged, 
and I. 

3. 
„ 18. Double head, with beardless faces.— i2ev. Head of Mer- 
cury ; a strigil. 

4. 
„ 18. Male head, with the ancient diadem. — Rev. The same 
head. 

5. 
„ 18. Head of a female. — Rev. Acock. 

6. 
„ 18. Head of a lion, full faced, with the head of a spear in its 
mouth. — Rev. The bust of a horse. 

B 2 



AS. 



7. 



Diameter 18. Head of Minerva; above, the head of a ram. — Rev. 

A diota. 

8. 
„ 18. Full-faced head of Minerysu— Rev. ROMA. A bull; 
above, an indistinct symbol. 

Mionnet calls this symbol *' Le signe du Taureau." 

9. 
Diameter 18. Head of Minerva. — Rev. A wheel, and I. (Brit. Mas.). 

10. 
„ 1 7. A wheel. — Rev. The head of a bipennis, and I. (Brii. 
Mtut.). 

No. 8, well preserved^ brought six guineas at the sale of the Dimsdale 
collection in 1824. 

Excepting Nos. 9, 10, and 11, No. 6 is the rarest; the next in rarity 
is N^. 8 ; then Nos. 3 and 7. 



The Roman As, with Names of Families. 
Head of Janus, and I. — Rev. Prow of a vessel. 



Second brass 


, of A cilia - 


- Rl 


First bra.s8, ( 


)f Baebia 


- R2 


Third brass, 


Afrania - 


- Rl 


9t 


Caecilia - 


- Rl 


First brass, 


>» " " 


- R2 


tf 


Caecina - 


- Rl 


» 


Antestia - 


. Rl 


Third brass, 


i» 


. Rl 


» 


Appuleia - 


- Rl 


Second brass 


I, Calpumia 


. R2 


tf 


Atilia - - 


- C. 


First brass. 


tf 


- R2 


Third brass, 


Axia - - 


- R2 


Second brass, Carisia 


^ R2 


tf 


Baebia 


- R2 


ff 


Carvilia - 


- Rl 


First brass, 


Cassia 


- R2 


First brass, 


Pinaria - 


- Rl 


Second brass 


>» ~ " 


- R2 


tf 


Pompeia? 


. R2 


First brass. 


Cornelia - 


- Rl 


>» 


Pomponia ? 


- Rl 


»» 


Eppia - - 


. R4 


ft 


Rubria 


- R2 


>» 


Fabia - - 


- R2 


tf 


Saufeia - 


. C 


n 


Fonteia - 


- R 1 


jy 


Scribonia - 


- Rl 


)f 


Furia - - 


- R2 


H 


Sempronia 


- R2 


Second brass, 


If " ~ 


- R2 


tf 


Terentia - 


- Rl 



ff Licinia - - 


C 


,, Maiania - - 


C 


„ Marcia - - 


R2 


), Memmia - - 


R2 


Second brass, Ogulnia - - 


Rl 


First brass, Opeiinia - - 


Rl 


„ Papiria - - 


Rl 



AS. 



First brass, of Jiinia - - - R2 Third Brass, Terentia - Rl 

First brass, Titia - - C 

Second brass, Titinia - - C 

„ Tituria . - R 1 

First brass, Valeria - - R 2 

Second brass, Vergilia - - R 1 

First brass, Vibia - - - R 1 



The above are valued by Mionnet at from one to eight francs. 

The Italian As. 

Third brass of Copia, Lucaniae ...----..•R4 

First brass, Hadria, Piceni - ........ ..R6 

„ Igurium, Umbriae ...... --..R8 

Second brass, Valentia, Bruttiorum ..---.--. C 
First brass, Volaterrae, Etruriae -_---.-.. R5 



The following are the rarest types : 

HADRIA. 1. 

Diameter 19. Head of the Indian Bacchus full faced, with a crown of 

vine leaves; on each side, the letter S ; in the field, 
<. — Rev, HAT. A dog couchant, to the right; in 
the field, ^ 
Brought 5L 12». Bd. at the sale of the Dimsdale collection. 

2. 
19. Bare head of Bacchus full faced; in the field ^ — Rev, 
A dog couchant, to the right; in the field, ^ 

3. 
19. HAT. Head of Bacchus full faced, and crowned with 
ivy. — Rev, A dog couchant, to the right; below, I. 

4. 
19. Head of Bacchus full faced,— Rev. HAT. A dog (or 
wolf) couchant, and I. Some are without this letter. 



»> 



if 



n 



These four types are very rare, and are valued by Mionnet at 100 
francs each. 



6 SEMIS. 

lauviuM. 1. 

Diameter 18. IKVVINI. in retrograde Etruscan characters; a crescent 

between two stars, and I. — Rev. A large star. 

This As is also very rare, and valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

2. 
Diameter 18. IKVVINI. in retrograde characters. A laige crescent be- 
tween four stars ; I. in the centre. — Rev, A large star. 

VOLATEERAE. 3. 

Diameter 16. Double head, with beardless faces, covered by a petasus. — 

Rev. FELATHRI. in retrograde Etruscan characters ; 
a dub, and I. 

Valued by Mionnet at forty francs. 

TUDER. 4. 

Diameter 17. Three crescents placed back to back; in the centre B; 

the whole surrounded by a double circle, and twelve 
globules. — Rev, TVTERE. in retrograde characters 
between the spokes of a wheel (?) (BriL Mus,), 

An As of this description is given by Sestini: Let. iv. p. 152. 



SEMIS. 

HALF THE AS, OR PIFXB OP BIX UNXIA. 

The Roman Semis^ withotU Names of Families. 

Large diameter, of various types - --------- R,| 

Of the size of first brass, of various types -------Ri 

„ second brass - ----------RI 

„ third brass, with various types ------ C 

The following types are the rarest : 

1. 
Diameter 15. Head of a female. — Rev. A barley-corn, and S. 

2. 

„ 15. A boar. — Rev. A vase ; S. (Plate 1, No. 2 J. 



SEMIS. 7 

3. 
Diameter 15. A pegasus. — Bev, A pegasui^ and S. 

4. 
14. The head of a bull.-— iZtfO. The prow of a veuel, and S. 



>t 



>» 



>i 



5. 

14. A ball; S.^Aeo. A wheel, and S. 

6. 
16. Head of Muierva. — Rev. Head of a female; S. 

7. 

15. Head of Minerva ; S. — Rev, Head of Ceres; S. 

8. 
14. A helmed head, and a club; S. — Rev. A helmed head, 
and a club ; S. 

9. 
„ 14. Head of a female, and a strigil ; S. — Rev. Head of 
Minerva; S. 

10. 
14. I. and •••••• — Rev. A wheel. 



fi 



9» 



»> 



>f 



11. 

15. Head of Jupiter. — Rev. The prow of a vessel, and I. 
(BrU. Mus.). 



12. 
Second brass. An acorn. — Rev. An acorn ; S. 

13. 
„ An acorn. — Rev. 2 in the centre of the field. 

14. 
Fhrst brass. Head of Ceres. — Rev. ROMA. Victory in a quadriga; 

S. and •••••• 

15. 
Second brass. The head of Apollo; V—Rev. ROMA. The head of 

Apollo ; $•••••• 

Of these, Nos. 2, 6, 9, 10, and 11; are the rarest. 



8 



SEMIS. 



The Roman Semis, with Names of Families. 



Third brass, of Acilia - - 


- Rl 


Second brass 


, Marcia 


- Rl 


Second brass, Atilia - - 


- C 


}i 


Memmia - 


- R3 


„ Caecilia - 


- Rl 


tt 


Minucia - 


- C 


„ Calpumia 


- Rl 


If 


Numitoria 


- C 


„ Cassia 


- R3 


» 


Opeimia - 


- Rl 


„ Cipia - - 


- R2 


If 


Papiria - 


- Rl 


„ Cornelia - 


- Rl 


it 


Pomponia? 


- Rl 


Third brass, „ 


- Rl 


*> 


Quinctia - 


- R4 


„ Cupiennia 


- R3 


99 


Saufeia - 


- Rl 


Second brass, „ 


- R3 


» 


Sempronia 


- Rl 


Third brass, Curiatia - 


- Rl 


Third brass, 


Sulpicia - 


- Rl 


Second brass, Curtia 


- Rl 


Second brass, Terentia - 


. Rl 


Third brass, Domitia - 


. C 


» 


Trebania - 


- Rl 


Second brass, Fonteia - 


- Rl 


ft 


Vargunteia 


. C 


,, Licinia 


- Rl 









Tfie Italian Semis, 



Large size, of Tuder, Umbriae R 4 
Third brass, Populonia, Etru- 

riae - - - R 4 
Uxentum, Cala- 

briae - - - R 4 
Paestum, Luca- 

niae - - <- R 4 
Copia, Lucaniae R 4 
Valentia, Brut- 
tiomm - - « C 
Second brass, Agrigentum, Si- 
ciliae - - - C 



i> 

99 
tt 



Third brass, of Centuripae, Si- 

ciliae - - - R 1 

Second brass, The same - - R 1 

Tliird brass, Himera, Sidliae R 3 

„ The same - - R 1 

Second brass, M amertini, Si- 

cUiae - - - R 1 
Third brass. Solus, Siciliae - R 4 
Large size, Lipara, Insula 

Siciliae - - R 6 
First brass. The same . - R 4 
Second bra8s,The same - - R 3 
Third brass, The same - - R 3 



QUINCUNX. 



The following typet are the rarest : 

LIPARA. 1. 

l>iaineter 11. Head of WuicaxL — Rev. AIIIAPAION. Prow of a 

vessel ; and •••••• 

TUDBa. 2. 

Diameter 13. TVTERE. in retrograde Etruscan characters. A dog 

sitting. — Rev, A lyre, and C. 

3. 

„ 9. The same type and legend as No. 2. 

There is also another of this size, with the same legend on each side ; 
it is somewhat rarer than the last 

No. 1 is valued by Mionnet at seventy-two francs; No. 2 at fifty; 
and No. 3 at twelve francs. 



QUINCUNX. 



riECB OF FIVK VttClJt, 



1. 

Diameter 18. Bearded head, with diadem. — Rev. A shield, and • • • • • R 6 

2. 
Pint brass. A cross, and • • • • • — Rev, A cross ----- R 1 

3. 
„ A cross ; V , and • • • • • — Rev, A cross. (Plate 1, No, 3). 

■ 

4. 
Second brass. Head of Apollo, and P — J^- ROMA. The Dios- 
curi on horseback ; below ••••• - - - - R6 

The last type is in the Imperial Cabinet at Vienna, and is quoted by 
Eckhel. Cardinal Zelada and Passerius knew of no Roman Quincunx. — 
See Eckhel, Docir. Num. Vei.^ Vol, t>, p. 48. 



10 TRIENS. 



The Italian Quincunx. 

Large size, of Hadria, Piceni R 8 First Brass, Capua, Campa- 
Third brass, Populonia, Etru- niae - - - R 4 

riae - - -R5 Second brass, Luceria,ApuliaeR- 2 
Second brass, Teate, Mami- „ Velia, Lucaniae R3 

cinorum - - R 2 Tbird brass, Orra, Italiae 
„ Larinum, Fren- (incert) - - R 4 

tanorum - -R4 Second brass, Enna, Siciliae R6 

The following types are the rarest : 

HADRIA. 1. 

Diameter 19. HAT. Head of a female covered by a shell. — Rev. 

A pegasus ; below, •••••------ R8 

2. 
„ 16. HAT. A homed head, witli beardless face, looking from 
a shell to the left ; in the field, y, — Rev. A pegasus 
to the right, and ••••• --...- R8 

The above are valued by Mionnet at 160 and 100 francs. 

TRIENS. 

THE THIRD OP THE AS, OR PIECE OP FOUR VNCIJE. 

The Roman Triens^ without Family Names. 

They are common in the laiger size, as well as in the sizes of first, 
second, and third brass, excepting the under-mentioned types : 

1. 
Diameter 12. A cornucopia. — Rev. A forceps, and • • • • 

2. 
„ 14. An eagle, standing, and • • • • — Rev. A polypus, 
and • • • • 

3. 
„ 14. A thunderbolt, and • • • • — Rev. A thunderbolt, and 
• • • • {Plate 1, No. 4). 

4. 
„ 13. A thunderbolt, and •••• — Rev. A dolphin; strigil, 
and • • • • 



TRIENS. 11 

5. 
Diameter 13. A horse running, and • • • • — Rev, A wheel, and • • • • 

6. 
„ 14. Bast of a horse. — Rev. Bnst of a horse, and • • • • 

7. 
„ 14. Head of a pig, and • • • • — Rev. A lyre, and • • • • 

8. 
„ 13. Head of Minerva, and • • • • — Rev, Prow of a vessel. 

9. 
„ 12. Head of Juno, and •••• — Rev. ROMA. Hercules 
striking down a Centaur. 
10. 

« 

„ 15. A thunderbolt-^iZev. A club, and • • • • {Brit. Mus.). 
Of the above, Nos. 2, 7, 9, and 10, are much the rarest 

The Roman Triens, with Family Names. 

Third brass, of Antestia - R 8 Second brass, Marcia - - R 2 

Second brass, Appuleia - - Rl Third brass. The same - - C 

Third brass, Cornelia - - R 1 Second brass, Saufeia - - C 

„ Curiatia - - C Third brass, Scribonia - - C 

Second brass, Domitia - - C Second brass, Trebania - - R 1 

Fabrinia - - R 1 „ Vargunteia - C 



»> 



„ Fonteia - - R 1 



The Italian Triens. 

First brass, of Tuder, Umbriae R 2 Second brass, Luceria, Apuliae R3 

Third brass, Fopulonia, Etru- Third brass, Brundusium, 

riae - - - R4 Calabriae - C 

Large size, Volaterrae, E. Second brass, The same - - R I 

truriae - - R 4 Third brass, Atinum, Luca- 
Second brass, Teate, Marru- niae - - R8 

cinorum - - R 4 „ Psestum, Luca- 

First brass, Acerrae, Cam- niae - - - R 3 

paniae - - R 5 „ Valentia, Brut- 

„ Capua, Campa- tiorum - - C 

niae - - - R 2 Second brass, Enna, Siciliae R 4 



12 QUADRANS. 

The four following types are rare, but the first is by far the rarest : 

HADRIA. 1. 

Diameter 16. Male head, with beardless face, to the left — Rev. HAT. 

A vase holding a flower. 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

TUDBR. 2. 

First brass. A hand, armed with a cestus, and • • • • — Rev, 

TVT£R£. in retrograde Etruscan characters. Two 
clubs, and • • • % 

VOLATBRRAE. 3. 

Diameter 12. Double head, with beardless face, covered by the petasus. 

— Rev, FELATHRI. in retrograde Etruscan cha- 
racters. A club, and • • • • 

There is also another, of the same diameter as the last, with the legend 
only, witliout the club. 

QUADRANS. 

THE FOURTH OF THE AS, OR PIECE OF THREE UNCIJE. 

The Roman QuadranSf uoithaut Family Names. 

The large size, of various types .----------Ri 

Of the size of first brass -------------Ri 

Of second and third brass, with various types ...... C 

The following types are rare : 

1. 
Diameter 13. A cockle. — Rev. Three crescents, and • • • 

2. 
„ 13. A helmet, and • • • — Rev, A diota, and • • • 

3. 
„ 13. Head of a ram, and • • • — Rev. The skin of a goat, 

and • • • 

4. 
„ 13. A dolphin, and • • • — Rev. An anchor. 

5. 
„ 12. A hand, strigil, and • • • — Rev, Two barley-corns, and 
• . . (Plate 1, No. 5). 

6. 
„ 11. A large star. — Rev, 4>, and 



• • 



QUADRANS. 13 

7. 
Diameter 12. The parazoniuixi, and • • • — Rev, A vase. 

8. 
„ 11. A dog couchant — Rev. A wheel, and • • • 

9. 
„ 12. A boar, and • • • — Rev, A boar, and • • • 

10. 
„ 13. The triqaetra, and • • • — Rev. A frog» and • • • 

11. 
„ 13. Headiof Hercules. — Rev. Prow of a vessel, and • • • 

12. 
Firft brass, • Head of Hercules. — Rev. Prow of a vessel, and • • • 

13. 
Third brass, A cock. — Rev. • • • 

14. 
Second brass, Head of Ceres. — Rev. A bull, and • • • 

15. 
Diameter 10. Head of Jtmo-Sospitay and • • • — Rev. ROMA. A bull 

bounding, and a serpent 

16. 

„ 10. A dolphin, and • • • — Rev. A large star. (Brii. Mut.). 

AH those of a smaller size, bearing this last type, are common. 

No. 16 is the rarest. The next in rarity are Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 
11, and 15. No. 14 is the least rare. 

The Roman QuadranSf with Family Names. 

Third brass, of Aburia - - C Third brass, of Numitoria - C 

Second brass, Acilia - - - R 2 „ Opeimia - - R 1 

Third brass, Appuleia - - R 1 ., Papiria - - R 1 

„ CaecOia - - R 1 „ Pinaria - - R 1 



9» 



Calpumia - - R 3 Second brass, Pompeia'^ 



oipeia) 
»» ) 



Second brass, Curiatia - - R 1 Third brass. 

Third brass, „ - - R 1 „ Quinctia - - R 2 



„ Domitia - - C 

Second brass, Fabia - - - R 2 

Third brass, Licinia - - C 

„ Marcia - - R 1 

„ Minucia - - C 



Servilia - R 3 

Sulpicia - - R 2 

Terentia - - R 1 

Trebania - - R 1 

Vargunteia - C 



14 



QUADRANS. 



The Italian Quadrans, 



Large size, of Hadria, Piceni R 6 
Third brass, Camarina, Etru- 

riae - - - R 8 
,, Graviscae, £tru- 

riae * - - R 3 
First brass, Volaterrae, £tni- 

riae - - R 4 
Second brass, Tuder, Umbriae R 2 
„ Teate, Mamici- 

nonim - - R 2 
Third brass, Larinum, Tren- 

tanorum - R 4 
Second brass, Capua, Campa- 

niae - - - R 4 
Third brass, Luceria, Apuliae R 2 
„ Paestum, Luca- 

niae - - - C 
„ Copia, Lucaniae R 2 

„ Velia, Lucaniae R 2 



>i 



it 



Third bra8s,of Valentia, Brut- 

tiorum - - R 1 
Orra (Incert) 

Itah'ae - - R4 
Etna, Siciliae - R 2 
Second brass, Agrigentum, Si- 
ciliae - - R 4 
Third brass, The same - - .R 1 
Camarina, Sici- 
liae - - - C 
Catana, Siciliae R 4 
Centuripae, Sici- 
liae . - . R 1 
Gelas, Siciliae - C 
Himera, Siciliae C 
Nacona, Siciliae R 8 
Solus, Siciliae - R 4 
Second brass, Lipara, Siciliae R3 
Third brass, Tlie same - - R 3 



1} 



)} 



i» 



fi 



» 



w 



it 



The following types are rare : 

HADRIA. 1. 

Diameter 13. A fish. — Rev. A fish, and • • • 
Valued by Mionnet at fifty francs. 

TUDER. 2. 

Second brass • A fi'og. — Rev, VT. An anchor, and • • • 

VOLATERRAE. 3. 

First brass. Double head with beardless face, with a petasus. — Rev. 

FELATHRL in retrograde Etruscan characters, 
and • • • 



No. 1 is much the rarest; and No. 3 is much rarer than No. 2. 



SEXTANS. 



15 



SEXTANS. 

TBE SIXTH OP THE AS, OS PIBCE OP TWO UNCI«. 

7^ Roman Sextans, without Family Names. 

Laige sue .-.------. ----.-Ri 

Size of first, second, or third brass, with varions types - - C 

The foDowing types are the rarest : 

1. 

Diameter 11. A tortoise, and • • — Rev. Head of a serpent; in the 

field, • • 

2. 

11. Head of one of the Dioscuri, and • • — Rev. A like head. 

3. 
10. A cockle, and • • — Rev. A caduceus, and • • 

4. 
10. A cockle, and a club, and • • — Rev. A cockle with the 
inside exposed, and a club. 

6. 
10. A trident, and • • — Rev. An anchor, and • • 

6. 
10. A large vase, and • • — Rev. A wheel. 

7. 
10. An animal couchant, and • • — Rev. A trident. 

8. 
10. Head of Mercury, and • • — Rev. A prow of a vessel, 

and •• 



First brass, A club. — Rev. • • 



9. 



10. 



Diameter 11. A head, the neck ornamented with a collar. — Rev. A 

dolphin, and 



• • 



M 



11. 

Head of Mercury, and • • — Rev. ROMA. A wheel. 

The second and third brass with this type, are common. 

12. 
Romulus and Remus suckled by the wolf; and* • — Rev. 

ROMA. An eagle, star, and • • (Vignette, page 1). 
Valued by Mionnet at from one to ten francs. 



>» 



16 



SEXTANS. 



The Roman Sextans^ with Famify Names. 

Third brass, of Abiiria - - C Third^brass, Fabrinia - - C 
First brass, Afrania - - R 2 „ Vaigunteia - C 

Second brass, Fabia - - R 2 



The Italian Sextans. 



Large size, Hadria, Piceni R 6 
Third brass, Populonia, £- 

truriae - - R 4 
„ Larinum, Fren- 

tanorum - R 5 
First brass, Volaterrae, £- 

truriae - - R 5 
Second brass, Acerrae, Cam- 

paniae - - R 4 

„ Velia, Lucaniae R 3 

Third brass, The same - - R 2 

Second brass, Bruttium - - R 1 

Third brass, Petelia, Brut- 

tiorum - • R 2 
Camarina Sici- 

Hae - - - R 2 



Second brass, Capua, Campa- 

niae - - - R 3 
Third brass, Caelium, Apuliae R 2 
Second brass, Brundudum, 

Caiabriae - R 3 
Third brass. The same - - C 
Paentum, Luca- 
niae - - R 2 
Copia, Lucaniae R 4 
Centuripae, Sici- 

liae - - - C 
Himera, Sidliae R2 
Second brass, Lipara, Insula 

Siciliae - - - R 3 



ft 



« 



»f 



» 



tt 



The following t3rpe8 are rare : 

VOLATERRAE. 1. 

First brass, Double head with beardless face, covered by the petasus. 

— Rev. FELATHRI. in retrograde characters ; a 
club, and • • 

2. 
A similar type, but without the club. (Plate 1, No. 6). 



}» 



HADRIA. 3. 

3. Diameter 11. HAT, or TAH. A buskin. — Rev. A cock, and • • 
Nos. 1 and 3 are valued by Mionnet at twenty and thirty francs. 



UMCIA. 17 



UNCIA. 

THB TWELFTH OP TBB AS, OR PIBCB Or OWK OVNCB. 

The Roman Uncia, 

Large gize, and size of fint brau, various typet ----- R 1 
Second and third bran, various types -.-------C 

The following types are the rarest : 

1. 
Diameter 13. • in the midst of three crescents. 

2. 
„ 12. A wheeL — Rev, A diota, and • 

3. 
First brass. Head of a spear. — Rev, • within a semi-circle. 

4. 
„ Male head. — Rev. A trident, and • 

5. 
„ A vase, and • — Rev, A pedum, and • 

6. 
„ A tortoise. — Rev, A wheel. 

7. 
„ • within a pentagon — Rev, A strigil, and • 

(PI, I. No. 7). 

8. 
Second brass, A barley-corn, and • — Rev, A barley-corn. 

9. 
„ A cockle. — Rev, A strigil, and • 

10. 
„ A bearded head. — Rev, A cockle shell. 

11. 
Head of the young Hercules, covered with the lion's skin, 
and • — Rev. A trident, and • 

12. 
Full-faced bead of the stm, surrounded by rays. — Rev. 
ROMA, a crescent, two stars, and • 
VOL. I. c 



tt 



»> 



18 UHCIA. 

13. 
Second brass, A dub.— jRev. • in the centre of the field. 

14. 
„ A wheel with four spokes. — Bev. A like wheel. 

15. 
„ An anchor. — Rev. A wheel with four spokes. 

16. 
„ • between two semi-circles. — Rev. A like type. 

17. 
Third brass, Head of Jupiter. — Rev. A soldier standing, and • 

18. 
„ Head of Ceres. — Rev. Bust of a horse, and • 



No. 1 is much the rarest, and No. 2 is much rarer than the remaining 
numbers. 

N. B. The Uncia of the family Acilia, in third brass, R 4. 



T?ie Italian Uncia. 

Large size, of Hadria - - R 8 Third brass, of Capua - - C 

Second brass, „ - - R 4 „ Cselium - R 2 

Third brass, Tuder - - - C „ Luceria - R 4 

„ Teate - - - R 2 „ Camarina - R 2 

Second brass, Acerrae - - R 4 

The following types are rare, but the first is much the rarest : 

HADRIA. 1. 

Diameter 14. HAT. A ^ah.—Rev. A fish, and • 

2. 
Second brass, HAT. and • — Rev. An anchor, and H or L 

3. 
„ HAT. and • — iZ^t;. An anchor. 

TUDER. 4. 

Third brass, VT. Head of a spear, and • --Rev. A diota. 



19 



ROMAN FAMILIES. 



ABURIA. 

BANK, PLEBBXAN. rXVB VABIBTIES. 

saver Rl 

Third brass (see the Quadrans and Sextans) ..-->--€ 

The following type is the rarest : 
TRIO. A hehned head; before it, X.-^Itev, C. ABVRI. Mars in a 
quadriga; underneath, ROMA. 

ACCOLEIA. 

RAKK UNKNOWN. ONB TYPB ONLY. 

Silver Rl 

p. ACCOLEIVS. LARISCOLVS. Female head.— jReo. Three females 
standing, their heads terminating in larch trees. " Tres Nym- 
phse, quae in larices arbores mutari videntur:" ue VaiUant, Vol. 
i. p. 4. 

ACILIA. 

BANK, PLBBBIAN. BIGHTEBN VABIBTIBS. 

Silver C 

Second brass (see the As) ------------Rl 

Third brass (see the Semis) ------------Rl 

Third brass (see the Uncia) ------------R4 

The undermentioned type is the least common : 

BALBVS. Head of Minerva ; before it, X ; underneath, ROMA ; 
the whole within a laurel garland. — Rev, MV. ACILI. Jupiter 
and Victory in a quadriga; below, a buckler. 

AEBUTIA. 

RANK UNKNOWN. FOUR VARIETIES. 

There are only second brass, of the colonies of Csesar Augusta and of 
Corinth, of the family of Aebutia. 

c2 



20 AELIA AND ALLIA — AEMILIA. 



AELIA AND ALLIA. 

RANK, PLEBEIAN. TWBNTY-PODB VARIETIES. 

saver C 

First brass, and third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) . . . . C 
Second brass (of the Colony of Bilbilis in Spain) ----- R 1 

The following is the least common : 

Head of Minerva; behind it, X.—iiw. T. TAETVS. ROMA. The 
Dioscuri on horseback. 

AEMILIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAlCILr.—— FORTY -THREE VARIETIES. 
Gold R8 

Silver (see the Moneyers of Julius Caesar and Lepidus) - - - C 
Silver, restored by Trajan -------------R6 

Second brass (of the Colony of Calagurris in Spain) - . . . C 

Rare types: 1. 

ALEX ANDREA. Female head with turreted crown. — Rev, M. 
LEPIDVS. PONT, (or PONTIF.) MAX. TVTOR. REG. S. C. 
Two figures, in the Roman toga, standing, one placing a crown 
on the head of the other. ----------- AR. 

This is one of the most interesting of the Roman Consular Coins. 
Ptolemy Epiphanes was left by his father to the guardianship of the 
Romans, and was crowned at Alexandria in the fourteenth year of his 
age. 

This coin, says Mionnet, is somewhat rarer when it reads " Alexsan- 
drea." 

2. 
L. BVCA. Head of Venus. — Rev. Diana and Victory near a sleeping 
figure. ----------------- AR, 

The representation on this coin is supposed to relate to the dream of 
Sylla, described by Plutarch. L. ^milius Buca was quaestor in the time 
of Sylla. 

Valued by Mionnet at thirty francs. 




(, 




AEMILIA. 2! 

3. 

PAX. S. Female bead.— i?ev. L. AEMILIVS. BVCA. IIII. VIR. 
Two bands joined. (A qumarUu). -------- AR- 

4. 
Female bead with a diadem, between the simpulum and a civic crown. — 
Rgv. M. LEPIDVS. A horseman with a trophy. - - - AR. 

5. 

The same head, with or without symbols. — Rev. A horseman with a 

trophy. M. LEPIDVS. AN. XV. PR. H. O. C. S. M. Lepidus, 

Atmorum, zv. Praetextatm hostem occidit civem servavit, — f Plate 

la,No,3). AR. 

This very interesting coin informs us that Lepidus, at the age of 
fifteen, bad saved the life of a Roman citizen, and slain an enemy. The 
mymksm alludes to his holding the office of Pontifex Maximus. The 
trophy is military and naval ; Lepidus having beaten the Gauls in a land 
battle, and defeated the Ligurians at sea. 

6. 

PAVLLVS. LEPIDVS. CONCORDIA. Veiled head of a female, with 
a diadem. — Rev, TER. PAVLLVS. Three captives standing 
opposite a figure erecting a trophy. .... - AR. and AU. 

Hub coin evidently refers to the victory of Lepidus over Perseus king 
of Macedon, to whom and his two children, the three captives probably 
allude. — ^Tbls type also occurs in gold : it is of the first rarity in that 
metal. 

; ' 7. 

PAVLLVS. LEPIDVS. CONCORD. Vefled female head.-^Rev. 
CLEMENTIAE, S. C. Head of a female on a buckler. - AR. 

Valued at forty-eight francs by Mionnet 

8. 

Veiled female head, with or without symbols.— /Zev. M LEPIDVS. 
AIMILIA. rsic) REF. S. C. The Aemilian Basilica. - - AR. 
This coin was restored by Trajan. 



22 AFRANIA. 



9. 



ROMA. Laureated head ofa female; behind, X.—i{^.MV. AEMILIO. 
An equestrian statue on a bridge ; below, L£. ..... A 

In silver, No. 7 is the rarest, excepting of course, the restored coin. 
The next in rarity is No. 2 ; then Nos. 5 and 8. 

There is a coin of this fiunily, which, though very common, is ex- 
ceedingly interesting. It bears on one side a figiure kneeling by the 
side of a camel, and presenting an olive branch, from which depends a 
fiUet, or ancient diadem : the legend, REX. ARETAS. In the exergue 
M. SCAVR- AED. CVR. EX. S. C-^Rev, A figure guiding a tri- 
umphal chariot; a scorpion, in the field. This curious coin illustrates 
a passage in Josephus, who informs us that M. A. Scaurus having in- 
vaded Arabia, Aretas the king of that country purchased peace of the 
Romans for the price of five hundred talents. The diadem hanging 
from the olive branch indicates the entire submission of Aretas. The 
scorpion on the other side would appear to be a representation of the 
sign of the month of Scaurus* triumph ; or, perhaps, is merely symbolical 
of Arabia. Some of these coins are without the last symbol — (See 
Plate 2, No. 4), 



AFRANIA. 

A PLEBEIAN TAMILT. EIGHT VARIETIES. 

SUver Rl 

First brass *) R2 

Third brass 3 (see the Roman As) --...-----Rl 

Rare t3rpes in silver: 

1. 
Head of Minerva; behind, X. — Rev, S. AFRA. Victory in abiga; 
below, ROMA. 

2. 
Head of Jupiter; behind, S. C. — Rev, Victory in a triga; below, 
ROMA. XXXXIII. 

The last is by far the rarest. 



ALLIENVS — ANTESTIA, OR ANTISTIA. 23 



ALLIENUS. 

OMX TTFS. 

Sflvcr R5 

C. CAES. IMP. COS. ITER. Head of Venus.— iZw. A. ALLIENVS. 

PROCOS. A male figure standing, naked, holding the triquetra ; 

his foot on the prow of a vessel. 

Allienus is not the name of a family : it is, in all piohability, a surname. 
The name of the family to which the proconsul Allienus belonged is 
not known. 

ANNIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWENTT-BIGBT VARIETIES. 

Sflver -,>--Rl 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ---------C 

The undermentioned tjrpe is the rarest : 
C. ANNIVS. T. F. T. N. PRO. EX. S. C- Head of Juno.— iJw. Q. 
TARQVITI. P. F. Victory in a biga. 

ANTESTIA, OR ANTISTIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWELVE VARIETIES. 

Gold R8 

Sayer C 

first brass (see the Roman As) Rl 

Third brass R8 

The following types are rare : 

1. 
C. ANTISTIVS. VETVS. III. VIR. Head of Victory.— ie<w. PRO. 
VALETVDINE. CAESARIS. S. P. Q. R. A priest veiled, 
sacrificing at an altar, and a figure with a bull. .... AU. 

2. 
C. ANTISTIVS. VETVS. III. VIR. Female Head.— Aw. IMP. 
CAESAR. AVG. COS. XI. Pontifical instruments. - - AR. 

See also the coins of the Moneyers of Augustus. 



*24 ANTIA — ANTONIA. 



ANTIA. 

A PLBBBIAN PAMILT. THREE VABIBTIE8. 

Sflver R2 

1. 
DEI. P£NAT£S. Two yoathful heads with diadems, side by side. 
^Mev. C. ANTIVS. C. F. Hercules standing, with his dub and 
a trophy. 

2. 
RESTIO. Male head, with beardless tBce.-^Bev. C. ANTIVS. C. F. 
Hercules, with his club and a trophy. 

3. 
RESTIO. An altar with the fire kindled.— iZev. C. ANTIVS. Full-faced 
head of a bulL 
Valued by Mionnet at fortyr-e^ht francs. 

4. 
RESTIO.— A qumarku of the same type. 

5. 
C. ANTIVS. Head of Diana, with bow and quiver.— i2«v. RESTIO. A 
stag. (A ^ptmarku). 

Valued by Mionnet at twenty-four francs. 

Nos, 3, 4, and 5, are the rarest, and of these No. 3 is the most rare« 
There are many modem fabrications of this coin. 

ANTONIA. 

A PATRICIAN PAMILT.— ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-EIGHT VARIETIES. 

Gold R8 

Silver C 

Qumarii ------------------Rl 

Rare types : 

1. 

CHORTIVM. (sic) PRAETORIARVM. The Roman eagle, between 

two miUtaiy ensigns.— iZer. ANT. AVG. III. VIR. R. P. C. A 

galley. -------^--..--- AR. and AU. 



ANTONIA« 25 

2. 
CHORTIS. (iie). SPECVLATORVM. The same types. - - AR. 

3. 
LEG. I. The eagle between two ensigns. •— /Z«o. ANT. AVG. III. 
R. P. C. A gaUey. ** M^daille suspect," says Mionnet, 

4. 
LEG. IV. The same types. AR. and AU. 

6. 
LEG. YI. The same types, restored by Marcus Aurelius and L. Verus* 

AR. 

6 
LEG. XII. ANTIQVAE. The same type- AR. 

7. 
LEG. XVII. CLASSICAE. The same type. AR. 

8. 
LEG. XVIII. LYBICAE. (tic). The same type. - - - - AR. 

9. 
LEG. XIX. The same type. AR. and AU, 

10. 
LEG. XX. The same ty^. AR. 

11. 
M. ANTON. IMP. or M. ANTON. COS. IMP. A raven, the lituus 
and the prsefericulum.— JUv. M. LEPID. IMP. or M. LEPID. 
COS. IMP. The apex, aspergillum, axe and simpulum. - AR. 

12. 
The same type. (A qumariua), --- - AR. 

13. 
BiL ANT. IMP. A raven, the lituus and the prsefericulum. — Rev, Victoiy 
crowning a trophy. (A quinarhu). -------- AR. 

14. 
liL VIR. R. P. C. Head of Victory.— i2«. ANTONI. A. XLI. IMP. 
A Lion. (A qwnarhu), ----------- AR. 



26 APPULEIA — AQUILLIA. 

15. 

III. VIR. R. P. C. VeUed female head. — Rev, M. ANTON. C 
CAESAR. Two hands joined, holding a caduceus. {A qvmarnu). 

In gold, No. 1 is much the rarest type. In sOver, Nos. 1> 2, 5, 6, 7, 8» 
11, and 15, are much the rarest 

See also the coins of J. Csesar, Augustus, Marc Antony, and Lepidus. 

Mionnet describes four coins with the numerals of the 24th, 26th, 27th, 
and 30th legions ; but adds, that they have been reUniehecL Goltzius 
gives other legions, but they are not authenticated. — See MoreU, Vol, i. 
p. 507. 

APPULEIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. ^THREB TARIBTIE8. 

First brass (see the Roman As) -----------Rl 

Second and third brass (see the Triens and Quadrans) - - - - R 1 

APRONIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FIVE VARIETIES. 

First and second brass (Colonial of Carthage and Hippo in Africa) R 4 
Second and third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) .-..-- C 

AQUILLIA. 

FAMILY, PLEBEIAN AND PATRICIAN.— TWELVE VARIETIES. 

Silver R 1 

The following are the rarest types : 

1. 
Radiated head of the sun ; before it, X. — Rev. MAN. AQVIL. Diana 
in a biga; in the field, a crescent and four stars; below, ROMA. 

2. 
VIRTVS. III. VIR. Helmed head, with beardless face.—JBtfc. MAN. 
AQVIL. MAN. F. MAN. N. A soldier armed with a buckler, at 
his feet a kneeling woman ; below, SICIL. 

This coin commemorates the suppression of a revolt of the slaves in 
Sicily, by Manius Aquillius. 



A&RIA ASINIA. 27 

3. 
L. AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. RadUted heML--Aer. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. SIGN. RECE. A captive on his kneet, 
holdjng a militaiy ensign. 

4. 
L. AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. A helmeted youtiifbl head.— 
Eetj. AVGVSTVS. CAESAR. A figure, in a car drawn by two 
elephants. 

5. 
L. AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. Radiated head. — ilfv. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. A basket holding a flower, placed on a 
qnadnga. 

No. 4 is the rarest; the next in rarity, are Nos. 3 and 5. 

ARRIA. 

A PLlBBtAN FAMILY.— —tXVBN VARIITIZS. 

Gold R6 

Silver R6 

Brass (Colonial, of Corinth) R3 

Rare types: 

1. 
M. ARRI VS. SECVNDVS. Female head ; above, F. P. R,-^Rev. A 
spear, between a garland and an altar. .... AR and AU. 

Mionnet values the gold at 200, and the silver at sixty francs. 

2. 
M. ARRI VS. SECVNDVS. Male head, wiih youthful beard.— /2ev. As 
on the preceding. ------------- AR. 

3. 
M. ARRIVS. Samehead.—i2«v. SECVNDVS. Two soldiers marching; 
one of them bearing two standards, the other a spear. - - AR. 
In silver. No. 3 is the rarest. 

ASINIA. 

A PLEBEIAN PAMILTd BIX VARIETIES. 

First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ------ C 



28 ATIA — AURELIA. 



ATIA. 

A PLEBBIAN FAMILY. ONE TYPE. 

Gold -------------- --- Unique 

saver R8 

Second brass, with the head of Balbus ---------R2 

Q. LABIENVS. PARTHICVS. IMP. Male head, with short beard.— 
Rev, No legend. A horse standing, saddled and bridled. AR. &AU. 

The unique gold coin is in the cabinet of Mons. Dorville. It is 
valued by Mionnet at 800 francs. At the sale of the coins of the Earl of 
Morton in 1830, the silver type brought 71. 10«. Mionnet values it at 
sixty francs only. 



ATILIA. 

FAMILY, PATRICIAM AND PLEBEIAN. EIGHT VAEIETIBS. 

saver C 

First and second brass (see the As and the Semis) ..... C 



AUFIDIA. 

A PLEBBIAN FAMILY. TWO . VABIETIE8. 

saver R2 

RUS. Winged head of Minerva; behind it, XVL—Rev. M. AVF- 
Jupiter in a quadriga; below, ROMA. 



AURELIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. SEVENTEEN VARIETIES. 

saver C 

The following type is the least common: 

COTA. Winged head of Minerva; behind, X.— iJer. M. AVRELI. 
Hercules, in a car drawn by two centaurs, each holding a branch of 
a tree; below, ROMA. 



AUTRONIA — ^BAEBIA. 29 



AUTRONIA. 

FAMILY OP UNKNOWN BANK.— ONE TTPK. 

saver R4 

'Winged head of Minerva ; behind, X. — Rev. AVTRO. in monogram. 
The Dioscuri, on horseback ; below, ROMA. 

Valued by Mionnet at forty francB. 



AXIA. 

A PLBBBIAN FAMILY.— SIGBT VARIITIXS. 

Silver R2 

Third brass (see the As) -------------R2 

1. 
NASO. S. C. Helmed head of Minerva to the right; vi. — Rev, Figure 
in a car, drawn by two stags, and followed by two dogs ; vi. Miormet. 

2. 
NASO. Head of Rome, on each side of which is stuck a branch of 
laurel. — Rev. L. AXSIVS. L. F. Diana Venetrix; a spear in her 
right hand, guiding a biga of stags, preceded by a dog, and followed 
by two others. 

The coins of this fiimily m brass bear the cognomen NASO. 



BAEBIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. EIOHT VARIETIES. 

Silver Rl 

First and third brass (see the As) --.......-R2 

Second brass (Colonial, of Calagurris) ----.....C 

Rare types: 

1. 
TAMPIL. Winged head of Minerva; before it, X.-^Rev. M. BAEBI. 
Q. F. ROMA. Apollo in a quadriga. 



30 BETILIENUS — CAECILIA. 

2. 
Head of Jupiter. — Rev, TAM, in monogram ; Victory crowning a trophy ; 
below, ROMA. 
The latter is very rare, and valued by Mionnet at eighty francs. 

BETILIENUS. 

ONE TTPX. 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ---------C 

Betilienus is a aumame ; the name of the family is not known. 

CAECILIA. 

A PLSBEIAN FAMILY. 

Gold R6 

Silver C 

Silver, restored by Trajan -------------R6 

Cistophori* of Pergamus -------------R5 

First, second, and third brass (see the As and its divisions) - - R 1 

Rare types in gold and silver : 

1. 
Q. METE. Winged head of Minerva; before, X.-^Rev, ROMA. 
Jupiter in a quadiiga. ------------ AR. 



* The coins to which the name of Cistophori is given, are Tetradrachms, and 
are as large in circumference as the Roman Second Brass : they bear on one side, 
the representation of a serpent escaping from a small basket, or hamper. This 
alludes to the mystic rites of Bacchus, in which, as well as in those of Osiris 
and Isis, it was used, to conceal the mysteries of the divinities from the eyes 
of the vulgar. Catullus speaks of them : 

" celebrant Orgia Cistis 
Orgia qus frustra cupiunt audire profani." 

The word is of Greek origin, signifying the bearer of a basket (Cista or Cistifer). 
In most of the ancient groups representing a sacrifice to Bacchus, the Cistifer 
forms one of the objects. 



CAECILIA. 31 

2. 
Female head; before it, a stork. — Rev. Q. C. M. P. I. An elephant AR. 

This coin alludes to the victory oyer the Carthaginians, obtained by 
Metellus, in the first Punic war, when the Romans captured one hundred 
and twenty elephants. The female head, representing Piety, may be 
anpposed to allude to the rescue of the Palladium by Metellus, when the 
temple of Vesta was in flames. 

3. 

The same type, restored by Trajan. IMP. CABS. TRAIAN. AVG. 
GER.DAC. P.P. REST. - ' AR. 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

4. 

Q. METEL. PIVS. A male head, with curled beard, and a kurel 
crown.-— Rev. SCIPIO. IMP. An elephant .... AR. 

5. 

Q. METELL. SCIPIO. IMP. A female head, covered by the elephant's 
skin; a plough, and an ear of com.— Rev. EPPIVS. LEG. F. C. 
Hercules standing. - ------------ AR. 

6. 

a METEL. PIVS. SCIPIO. IMP. A female with a globe upon her 
head, standing; a triangle in her right hand : above, G. T. A. — Rev, 
P. CRASSVS. IVNI. LEG. PROPR. Victory; her right hand 
holding a caduceus, her left the Macedonian shield. - - - AR. 

The shield borne by the female figure, refers to the victory of Metellus 
over the Macedonians. There is another coin of this family, with the 
Macedonian shield on the reverse, surrounded by the legend Q. F. M. 
METELLVS ; the whole within a laurel garland. 

7. 

METEL. PIVS. SCIP. IMP. A male head, with curled beard and 
fillet; below, the head of an eagle and a sceptre. — Rev. CRASS. 
IVN. LEG. PROPR. A curule chair: on the right, an ear of 
com ; on the left, the head of an eagle ; above, a cornucopia, and 
a pair of scales ----------- AR and AU. 



92 CAECINA — CALIDIA. 

METEL. PIVS. SCIP. IMP. A trophy, between the lituiu and the 
pnefericulum.— /Z«o. CRASS. IVN. LEG. PROPR. A female 
head with turreted crown, between an ear of com and a caduceus. 
Underneath, a prow of a vesseL --------- AR. 

9. 
LIBERTAS. M. AQVINVS. LEG. A female head .-^ Eev. C. 
CASSI. IMP. or PRO. COS. A tripod. AU. 

In gold, No. 7 is extremely rare : in silver. No. 6 is the rarest, except- 
ing, of course, the coin restored by Trajan. 



CAECINA. 

FAMILY UNKNOWN. TWO VARISTXIB. 

First and third brass (see the Roman As) ------- -Rl 

Caecina is a surname; the name of the fieunily to which these coina 
belong is not known. 



CAESIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ONE TYPE. 

Silver R2 

Bust of a young man to the left, casting a triple javelin ; behind, AP. 
in monogram. — Rev, L. CAESI. Two figures seated, with hdmets 
on their heads, and staves in their left hands; between them, a 
dog; above, the head of Vulcan ; behind it, a tongs ; behind the left 
GgwrCf A. ; behind the right-hand figure, RE in monogram. 



CALIDIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ONE TYPE. 

Sflver -- Rl 

Winged head of Minerva to the right; behind it, ROMA.— iZ^r. M. 
CALID. ; Q. MET. CN. F. L. Victory in a biga. 



CALPURNIA. 93 

CALPURNIA. 

A PI.EBIIAM PAMILT.— OHX BUNDRSD AKD FIFTT YAEIKTIIS. 

Gdd, qtamtrku Unique 

Sflver (demarU and qmnarii) -----------C 

ScMiertii R4 

Knt, second, and third brass (see the As and its Divisions) - - R 1 
„ „ „ (Moneyers of Augustus) . . . C 

„ „ „ (Moneyers of M. Antony) - - - R 4 

Rare types: 1. 

Winged head of Blinerva ; behind, X. — Rev, CN. C ALP. The dios- 
cori on horseback ; below, ROMA. -------- AR 

2. 
PISO. CAEPIO. Q. Bearded head, with laurel crown : behind, a sickle ; 
below, a trident— Af». AD. FRV. EMV. EX. S. C. Two figures 
in the toga, sitting between two ears of com. (Plate ii, No. 5). AR 

In the year of Rome 507, there was a failure in the harvest, and a 
consequent scarcity; when, by a decree of the senate, C. Calpumius 
Piso, and Cn. S. Csepio, were sent into other countries to purchase corn. 

3. 
CN. PISO. PROQ. Bearded head, with a diadem, to the right ; on the 
diadem, NVMA.— A?c MAGN. PROCOS. Prow of a vessel. AR 

4. 

A texminns, between a laurel crown and a vase. No legend. — Rev. M. 

PISO. M. F. FRVGI. A patera and secespita, the whole within a 

laurel garland. Sometimes the obverse has a youthfid head between 

the laurel crown and the vase. -------... AR 

5. 
L. PISO. Bare head to the right — Rev. TER. in monogram. Victory 
standing before an altar ; on the other side, a dagger. • - - AU 

This unique coin was purchased at the sale of Lord Morton's cabinet, 
for the British Museum, at eight guineas. 

6. 
Head of Apollo.— Aw. PISO. FRVGI. A horse at full gallop, (a 
sestertnts). -----------.---- AR 

The last is the rarest coin of the Calpumia family in silver. Those 
with the horse and rider have several varieties, and are all more or less 
common. Nos. <3 and 4 are the rarest of the denarii. 

VOL. I. D 



34 CANIDIA — CARISIA. 

CANIDIA. 

A PLKBBIAN FAMILY. TWO VAEIBT1B8. 

First bnu8 R5 

Second brass -------.----. ---R3 

CANINIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ^UORT VARIETIES. 

Sflyer(Moneyer8 of Augustus) ------ -----Ri 

Third brass (Col. of Corinth) R5 

CARISIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWENTY-THREE VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

Restored by Trajan --------------R6 

QiftiMinf (Moneyers of Augustus) ----------Rl 

Sestertii R8 

SUver (Moneyers of Augustus, of the colony of Emerita) - - - C 
Second and third brass, of the same colony -------Ri 

Rare types: 1. 

Head of Diana. — Bev. T. CA. A hound at fiill speed. 

2. 
Head of Diana. — Rev, A hound at full speed. (A testertim). 

Brought fifteen shillings at the sale of the Henderson collection in 1830. 

3. 

MONETA. Female head.— iZtfv. T. CARISIVS. Instruments of 

coinage. 

4. 

The preceding type, with the word SALVTARIS instead of MONETA, 

is very rare. 

5. 

The type, with MONETA, restored by Trajan. 
Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

6. 
Female head to the nght—Rev, T. CARISIVS. III. VIR. A sphinx. 

Nos. 1 and 2 are the least rare. 



CARVILIA — CASSIA. 05 



CARVILIA. 

A PLEBXIAII FAMILY. TWVUTY-TBBU VARfSTIU. 

Sflyer C 

Second brass (see the Roman As) Rl 

The obverses are generally, the bead of Apollo, Minerva, or Venus 
Vktrix. — Rev. The dioscuri, or Victory, in a biga. The brass has 
the prow of a vessel. 



CASSIA. 

A PATBXdAN AHD PLBBBXAN FAMILY. THIUTY-BEVBN VARIETIliS. 

saver C 

Restored by Tr^an R6 

first and second brass (see the As and the Semis) R 2 

Second and third brass (of Claudius, struck at Antioch, in Syria) - R 3 
Second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) .....---C 

Rare types: 1. 

a CASSIVS. VEST. Veiled head of ye8ta.—Rev. The temple of 
Vesta : within it, a curule chair ; on one side of the temple, an urn ; 
on the other, A. C. on a tablet. 

Q. Cassius, an ancestor of this fiunily, was appointed by tiie Romans 
to investigate the conduct of the Vestals, several of whom were con- 
demned. Casdus conducted the examination with great severity. 

2. 
This coin was restored by Trajan. 

3. 

Q. CASSIVS. LIBERT. Head of Liberty.— /Z^v. The temple, as on 
the preceding. 

4. 

Yoatiifia head with long hair; behind, a sceptre.— iZ«9. Q. CASSIVS. 
An eagle, standing on a thunderbolt, between the lituus and the 
praefericulum. 

D 2 



36 CESTIA — CLAUDIA. 



CESTIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. SIX VAaiBTIBfl. 

Gold RI 

Second and third brass (of Enna, in Sicily) .-..-.. R5 
„ „ (of Nero, struck at Antioch) - - - - R 1 

Rare types in gold : 1. 

C. NORBANVS. L. CESTIVS. PR. Female head.— iJer. S. C. 
Cybele in a car, drawn by two lions. 

This coin, at the sale of the Trattle collection, brought 5L I2t, 6dL It 
brought the same price in 1830. 

• 2. 

Female head, covered with the elephant's skin. — Rev, L. CESTIVS. C. 
NORBA. PR. S. C. A helmet, on a curule chair. 

The above are valued by Mionnet at 200 francs each. 



CIPIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWO VARIETIES. 

Silver Rl 

Second brass (see the Semis) --...-..... p,2 

M. CIPI. M. F. Winged head of Minerva ; behind, X,^Rev, Victory 
in a biga ; below, a rudder, and ROMA. --..--. AR 



CLAUDIA. 

A SABINE PATRICIAN FAMILY. FORTY-THREE VARIETIES. 

Gold R4 

Silver ----------------._. c 

Restored by Trajan - Rg 

CUtophori of Laodicea, Pergamus, and Tralles ------R6 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ---------C 



CLOVIA — CLOULIA. 37 

Rare types: 1, 

M ARCELLIN VS. Male head, to the right ; behind, the triquetnu^iZev. 
MARCELLVS. COS. QVINQ. A figure veiled, bearing a trophy, 
aboat to enter a temple. ----------- AR 

The head on the obverse is that of Marcellus ; the triquetra alludes 

to his conquest of Sicily. The reverse represents him about to offer up, 

in €tie temple of Jupiter-Feretrius, the spoils of Viridomarus, king of 

the Gauls, whom he slew with his own hand. 

2. 
This coin, restored by Trajan, is valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

3. 
Radiated head of the sun; behind, l.^Rev. P. CLODIVS. M. F. A 
crescent, between five stars. ----.- - AR and AU 

This type, in gold, brought Si. 3«. at the sale of the Trattle collection. 

4. 
Lanxeated female head ; behind, a lyre.^Bev. P. CLODIVS. M. F. 
Diana Lucifera standing, holding a long torch in each hand. AR 

5. 
C. CLODIVS. C. F. Female head, with a chaplet of flowers; behind, 
a flower. — Rev, VESTALIS, a female seated, holding a simpulum 
in her hand ------------- AR and AU 

This type in gold brought 3/. Is. at the sale of the Trattle collection. 
(See, also, the moneyers of J. Caesar, Antony, and Augustus). 
In gold. No. 5 is much the rarest In silver, No. 5 is the rarest 

CLOVIA. 

A PLSBBIAN rAMILY.-^^-ONB TYPE. 

Second brass (Moneyers of J. Caesar) .....---C 



CLOULIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAMILY. SIX VABIKTIBS. 

SilTer (denarii and quinam) --.---.-.-.-C 

The following type is the least common : 
Laureated head ; before it ^.^Bev. T. CLO VLI. Victory about to^ 
crown a trophy ; at the foot of the trophy, a captive* In the exergue, 
Q. (A quinarhu). 



38 COCCEIA — CONSIDIA. 



COCCEIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNCERTAIN ORDBK.^— ONE TYPE. 

saver R4 

M. ANT. IMP. AVG. III. VIR. R. P. C. M. NERVA. PROQ. P. 

Bare head of Mark Antony.— 12^. L. ANTON I VS. COS. Bare 

head of Lucius Antony. 

Valued by Mionnet at thirty francs. 



COELIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ^-TWENTY-ONE VABIBTIE8. 

Gold (if authentic) - R8 

Sflver C 

Rare types: 1. 

Winged head of Minerva; behind, X. — Rev. P. CALD. A female in a 
biga, crowned by victory : below, ROMA. ----- AR 

2. 
C. CO£L. CALDVS. COS. Bare nude head to the right, between a 
vexillum, inscribed HIS. ; and a boar (on others, a head of a lance, 
and the vexillum, or a boar on a spear). — Rev. C. CALDVS. IMP. 
A. X. A figure, sitting on a lectistemium, on which is inscribed, 
L. CALDVS. VII. VIR. EPVL. On each side, a trophy; below, 
CALDVS. III. VIR. AR 

. 3. 

C. COEL. CALDVS. COS. Male head, with beardless face (as on the 

preceding); behind, L. D. on a XMet—Rev. CALDVS. III. VIR. 

Radiated head of the sun : before, a buckler ; behind, a shield, and 

S. - ARandAU. 

In sflver No. 3 is the rarest The next in rarity is No. 2. 

CONSIDIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.'----~EIOHTEEN VABISTIB0. 

Sflver, Denarii -----------. ----C 

„ Quinarii -----------.. --R2 

„ Sestertii --------- ------R5 



COPONIA— CORDIil. 39 

Rare types: 1. 
C. CONSIDI. NONIANL S. C. Head of VenoM^Bev. A temple, on 
Uie fummit of a mountain, surrounded by walls ; on the pediment of 
the temple, ERVC. AR 

Froelich has published a gold coin of this type, but it is fidse; probably 
east in a mould made from the silver coin ; an easy method of foxgeiy, 
against which the collector should always be on his guard. There are 
many eatt cdns of this description. 

2. 
PAETI. Head of Venus.— iSev. C. CONS. . . Victory, marching with 
a trophy. (A qmnarhu). -----.----- AR 

3. 
C. CONSIDI. Head of Cupid ; behind, S.— i2«r. A Globe, cornucopia, 
and S. (A geiterinu). — Mumnet -•-.-.--. AR 

COPONIA. 

A FAMILY OP UNCERTAIN RANK.— — THRSB VARISTIIS. 

Sflver R2 

C. COPONIVS. PR. S. C. A club, covered by a lion's skin, between a 

bow and an arrow.— iZ^v. Q. SCICINIVS. III. VIR. Diademed 

head of Apollo; underneath, a star. 

Vaillant supposes this head to be that of Tiburtus, the founder of 
TRwir, a town of the Sabines, situate about twenty miles north of Rome. 

CORDIA. 

A PAMILT OP VNCBRTAIN RANK.>— PIVB VARIBTIBS. 

Silver C 

„ Quinarii and Sestertii ------------R8 

Raze types: 1. 

RVFVS. III. VIR. The heads of the dioscuri.— i2w. MAN. CORDIVS. 
A female, standing, an owl on her shoulder; in her left hand, the 
hasta pura; in her right, a pair of scales. 

2. 
RVFVS. An owl on an hehnet— iZeo. MAN. CORDIVS. surrounding 
thesBgis. 



40 CORNELIA. 

3. 
MAN. CORDIVS. Radiated head of the tmk.^Rev. RVFVS. An ei^e 

with its wings spread. (A qutnarhta), 

4. 
M. CORDIVS. Bare head of Venus.— i2ev. RVFI. Cupid dancing, 
holding a garland and a palm branch. (A teitertius). 

5. 
MAN. COR. . A hehneU—Rev, RVFVS. Same type as the preceding. 
(A seitertiut). 

No. 2 is the rarest of the denarii. 



CORNELIA. 

A PATRICIAH AND PLEBEIAN FAMILY.^ ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTT-CkNB 

YARIETIES. 

Gold R4 

saver C 

Quinarii ------------------Rl 

Cistophori of Apamea and Laodicea .........R5 

First brass (see the As) -------------Ri 

Second and third brass (see the Semis) ........ Rl 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) -------. .C 

1. 

CN. BLASIO. CN. F. Helmed head : above, X. ; behind, a caduceus, 

or other symbols. — Rev. Bacchus, standing between Minerva, who 

is about to place a garland on his head, and a female figure : in the 

field, an ear of com. In the exergue, ROMA. .... AR 

2. 

EX. S. C. Head of a female, with a helmet terminating in the head of 

a griffin ; before it, K.^Rev, CETHEGVS. or CETEGVS. (tie). 

A naked man, in a Phrygian bonnet, riding on a goat at full speed ; 

below, ROMA ; the whole within a garland. ..... AR 

3. 

Laureated head of Jupiter.— i?«f. CN. LENTVL. or LENTVLVS. 
An eagle on a thunderbolt. -----..... AU 



CORNELIA. 41 

4. 
G. P. R. Bearded head, with diadem ; behind, a weptre. — Rev, CN. 
LEN. Q. EX. S. C. (on oihen, LENT. CVR. X. FL. EX. S. C). A 
aoeptre and a garland, a clypeus and a rudder - • - - . AR 

5. 
Hehned head of Mais.— Aeo. CN. LENTVL. Victory in a biga. AR 

6. 
Lanreated head of Jupiter. — Rev, CN. LENT. Victory crowning a 
trophy. (A finnarnu) ------------ AR 

7. 
NERI. a VRB. Bearded head.— i2«v. L. LEJ^T. C. MARC. COS. 
A legionaiy eagle, a yezillum on each side; on one, H.; on the 
other, P. AR 

8. 
Head of the young Hercules in the lion's skin; behind, FAVST. in 
monogram, and S. C. (some are without the monogram). — Rev. A 
globe, between four garlands ; the acrostolium, and an ear of com* AR 

I have followed Mionnet in describing the head on this coin as that of the 
young Hercules, but on some coins it has a very feminine appearance. 

9. 
Head of Venus; behind, a sceptre, and S. C^Rev, FAVST. Three 
trophies, between the lituus and the praefericulum. In the exergue, 
a monogram. --------------- AR 

10. 
Head of Venus ; a globe. — Rev, A figure reclining, between Diana and 
Victoiy. ---------------- AR 

This type represents Sylla's dream, related by Plutarch. 

11. 
Head of Minerva; behind, X. — Rev, P. SVLA. Victory in a biga. In 
the exerque, ROMA. ------------ AR 

12. 
L. MAN LI. PROQ. Helmed winged head of Minerva. — Rev, L. 
SVLLA. IMP. Sylla in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. AR & AU 

13. 
Bust of Minerva; Victoiy, behind, placing a garland on her head. — Rev. 
SVLLA. IMP. Sylla and a military figure joining hands ; behind 
the former, the forepart of a galley. ------ -- AR 



42 CORNELIA. 

14. 

FAVSTVS. Head of Diana; behind, the litauB.—i2tfo. FELIX. Male 

figure in the toga, seated ; below, two kneeling figures, one presenting 

a branch with three stems, the other with his hands tied behind his 

back. AR 

Felix was a name adopted by Sylla. This coin presents us with a 
representation of Bacchus, King of Goetulia, delivering up Jugurtha his 
son-in-law, to Sylla, when lieutenant of Marius. 

15. 
FEELIX. (wc). Male head, with diadem.— iZeo. FAVSTVS. Diana, in 
a biga : above, a crescent and two stars ; below, a star. - - AR 

16. 
L. SVLLA. Head of Venus : before, Cupid standing ; in his right 
hand, a palm branch.— i2ev. IMPER. ITERVM. The lituus and 
the praefericulum between two trophies. ...... AU 

17. 
A. MAN. . . Head of Minerva.— iJw. L. SVLL. IMP. Figure on 
horseback. --------.--..--- AU 

18. 
A. MANLI. A. F. Q. Head of Minerva.— iJw. L. SVLL. FELT. DIC. 
Figure on horseback. .----------- AU 

19. 
SVLLA. COS. Bare head, with beardless face.— iJw. RVFVS. COS. 
— Q.POMP.RVFL A like head. AR 

20. 
SVLLA. COS. Q. POMPEI. RVF. Curule chair, between the lituus 
and a garland.— i2w. RVFVS. COS. Q. POMPEI. Q. F. A curule 
chair, between an arrow and a branch of laurel. .... AR 

21. 

Bare head, with beard.- /?«>. L. LENTVLVS. C. MARC. COS. The 
Ephesian Diana. ------....«..- AR 

22. 

The triquetra : in the centre, the Gorgon's head ; three ears of com, one 

in each angle. — Rev. LENT. MAR. COS. Jupiter standing; 

in his left hand, an eagle; in his right, the thimderbolt; in the 

field, a strigil. ----.--.---..-. AR 



CORNELIA— -CORNUFICIA. 43 

23. 
Bare bead, bearded: bebind, OSCA. (or Q. S. Q.)-'Rev. P. LENT. 
P. F. L. N. {in' P. LENT. P. F. SPINT.). A bearded veiled figure, 
seated on a cnmle cbair: in bifl left hand, a spear; in hiB rigbt, a 
cornucopia; his right foot on a globe ; above, Victory, about to place 
a garland on his head. ------------ AR 

24. 
C. CASSL IMP. LEIBERTAS. Head of Liberty, with a diadem 
(sometimes a veil).— iZ<w. LENTVLVS. SPINT. A pontifical 
vase, and the lituus. ---------- AR and AU 

25. 
BRVTVS. The simpulum, axe, and secespita.— it^. LENTVLVS. 
SPINT. The praefericulum, and the lituus. AR 

26. 
SISENA. Wmged head of Minerva : in the field, X. and ROMA.— 
Rev. CN. CORNEL. L. F. Jupiter in a quadriga, launching a 
thunderbolt at a Titan ; above, a turreted head, crescent, and two 
stars. 

In gold. No. 18 is the rarest type. No. 24 is much less rare than the 
others. In ^ver, No. 2 is an extremely rare type ; Nos. 10, 13, and 
21, are very rare. 

CORNUFICIA. 

A PLXBEIAK FAMILY. FIVS VAaiETISS. 

Gold --. R8 

saver R6 

Restored by Trajan R7 

Rare types: 1. 

Head of Jupiter Ammon. No legend.— i2ep. Q. CORNVFICI. 
AVGVR. IMP. Male figure in the toga, veiled, holding the 
lituus, and crowned by Juno-Sospita.* ----- AR and AU 



* It ^>peais by an ancient marble quoted by Spanheim, as well as by a coin 
of Commodus, that this name was sometimes spelt Sispita. Tbeie was also 
Jupiter Sospita. Juno Sospita was worshipped at Lanuvium in Latium, where 
her statue was covered by a goat's skin ; it had also a shield, and piked shoes 
turned npwards, as represented on this coin. 



44 C08C0NIA— -CREPU8IA. 

2. 
Another, widi the head of Afirica. -..--... .^ AR 

3. 
Head of Ceres, with wheaten crown.— Aeo. Q. CORNVFICI. AVGV R. 
IMP. — Eev, The same type. ---------- AR 

4. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. -------.. AR 

COSCONIA. 

A PLEBEIAN rAMILY.— '-ONE TTPB. 

saver S 

L. COSCO. M. F. Winged head of Minerva : behind, X.—- Aeo. L. LIC. 
CN. DOM. A naked figure in a triga, armed with a shield and a 
spear, and holding the military lituus. 

COSSUTIA. 

A FAMILY OP THE EQUBSTRIAH ORBER. ELEVEN VARIETIES. 

Silver R2 

Head of Mercury; behind, SABVLA.^Rev, L. COSSVTI. C. F. A 
figure, with spear and helmet, on a pegasus; behind, 1 1 II. 

(See also the coins of J. Caesar's moneyers). 

CREPEREIA. 

A FAMILY OF THE EQUESTRIAN ORDBR.<— SIX VARIETIES. 

Silver R4 

Female bust, the shoulder exposed : behind, a fish ; before, an indistinct 
symbol.— iZer. Q. CREPER. M. F. ROC VS. Neptune in a car 
drawn by sea horses ; above, p- 
Valued by Mionnet at forty francs. 

CREPUSIA. 

RANE UNENOWN. ^THIRTY-TBRBB VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

The undermentioned type is the least common : 

L. CENSORIN. Veiled female head.— it«r. C. LIMETAlTP. CRE- 
PVSI. Female, in a biga. 



CRITONIA— CURTIA* 45 



CRITONIA. 

A PLBBBIAM FAMILY. OWB TYPB OITLT. 

Sflver R2 

AED. PL. Head of Cera.— iZeo. M. FAN. L. CRIT. Two figures in 
die toga, seated : before them, an ear of com ; behind, P. A. 



CUPIENNIA. 

BANK VNKICOWN. THRBS VABIBTIBfl. 

Sflrer Rl 

Second and third brass (see the Semis) ........ R3 

Winged head of Minenra : behind, a cornucopia ; before, X. — Rev, L. 
CVP. The dioscnri on horseback. In the exergue, ROMA. AR 

CURIATIA. 

A rLBBBIAH VAMILT. PITB TABIBTIBS. 

Silver Rl 

Second and third brass (see the Semis, Triens, and Quadrans) - R 1 

TRIG, or TRIGE. Winged head of Minerva; before it, X.^Bev. C. 
CVR F. Female, in a quadriga, crowned by Victory, behind. In 
the exergue, ROMA. -----.---... aR 

CURTIA. 

A PLBBBIAN FAMILY. rOUB TABIBTIBS. 

Silver Rl 

Second and third brass (see the Semis). ........ Rl 

The following type is the rarest : 

Q. CYRT. Winged head of Minerva; behind, X.-^Rev. M. SILA. 

Jupiter in a quadriga, launching the thunderbolt with his right hand : 

in his left, a sceptre; below, the lituus. In the exergue, ROMA. 

(Sinne are without the lituus). .-.-...-- AR 



46 DIDIA — DOMITIA. 

DIDIA. 

A PLUKIAV rAMILT.— »— THEKE VAKIXTU8. 

Sflver Rl 

1. 

Winged head of Minerva : underneath, X. ; behind, ROMA, in mono- 
gram. — Rev, T. DEIDI. Two men engaged in combat; one of 
them armed with a whip, the other with a sword, and each bearing 

shields. 

2. 

P. FONTEIVS. CAPITO. III. VIR. CONCORDIA. Head of Con- 
cord.— iicr. T. DIDI. IMP. VIL. PVB. A portico. 

The last is the rarest type. 

DOMITIA. 

A PAMILT, FAKTLT PATKICIAK AWD PAKTLT PLEBEIAN. KIVETEZK TAUBTIES. 

Gold Re 

Silver --------------.. ..q 

Second and third brass (see the Semis and the Quadrans) - - C 

Rare types: 1. 

AHENOBAR Bare head, with short beard.— i2^. CN. DOMITIVS. 
IMP. A trophy, on the prow of a vessel. ------AR 

Valued by Mionnet at forty francs. 

2. 
AHENOBARBVS. Bare head.— Aw. CN. DOMITIVS. L. F. IMP. 
A temple. NEPT. (Cabinet of the Due de Blacas), - - AU 

3. 
ANT. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Mark Antony; 
behind, the ]itaua.^Ref>, CN. DOMIT. AHENORBARBVS. 
IMP. Prow of a vessel ; above, a star - . . - AR and AU 

Brought, in gold, 7/. 7«. at a public sale in 1833. 

4. 
OSCA. Bare head, bearded.— it^. DOM. COS. ITER. IMP. Pon- 
tifical instruments. ---.-.-...... AR 

In gold, No. 2 is by far the rarest. In silver, No. 1 is by far the 
rarest. No. 4 is the next in rarity. 



DURMIA — EFPIA. 47 



DURMIA. 

KAKK UKKNOWH. NINB VAEIRIES. 

Gold R4 

Silver - C 

(See the coins of the Moneyen of Augustus.) 



EGNATIA. 

A lUBUAir FAMILY. ^TBK YAaiZTIBS. 

SflTer R2 

1. 
M AXVMYS. or MAXSVMVS. Bust of Cupid.— i2w. C. EGNATI VS. 
CN. N. VI. Jupiter and Juno, under a portico ; above which, a 
thunderbolt and another symbol. 

2. 
MAXVMVS. or MAXSVMVS. Bust of Venus ; behmd, bust of 
Cupid.— ii«. C. EGNATIVS. CN. F. EN. N. Figure in a 
biga, crowned by Victory, flying above. 

■ 

No. 2 is much the rarest. 



EGNATULEIA. 

KAKK UKXWOWir. OKZ TTPB. 

Sflver (tpoMBrik only) .-------------C 

C. EGNATVLEIA. C. F. Male head, with laurel crown.— iZ«t;. 
Victory crowning a trophy ; in the field, Q. In the exergue, ROMA. 



EPPIA. 

BAKK UKKVOWV.— ^-.TWO YAMXTIXS. 

Silver R2 

First brass (see the As) ----.-.------R4 



48 FABIA — FABRICIA. 

The under-mentioned type is the rarest : 
EPPIVS. LEG. F. C. Hercules standing. — i2«v. Q. METELL. 
SCIPIO. IMP. Female head, in the elephant's skin : underneath, 
a plough ; before, an ear of com. -.---.-.. AR 

FABIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAMILY. THIRTY- BIGHT VARIETIZS. 

saver C 

First and second brass (see the As, Quadrans, and Sextans) * - R 2 
First, second, and third brass (colonial, of Hadrumetum and Hiera- 
polls) -----------------S 

1. 
C. ANNI. T. F. T. N. PRO. COS. EX. S. C. Head of a female, between 
a pair of scales and a caduceus ; below, a syrinx, or some other 
symbol.— i2ep. L. FABI. L. F. HISP. Q. Victory in a quadriga. AR 

2. 
LABEO. Head of Minerva: before, X; behind, ROMA.— iZee. Q. 
FABI. Jupiter in a quadriga, hurling the thunderbolt; below, a prow 
of a vessel. ---------_._.-. aR 

Others have on the obverse, the head of Jupiter ; before, A. ; behind, 

S. C. 

3. 

Winged head of Minerva ; behind, X.-^Rev. C. F. L. R. Q. M. Victory 
in a quadriga; below, ROMA. -----_--. aR 

4. 
Q. MAX. Winged head of Minerva: before, X; behind, ROMA. — 
Rev. A cornucopia and a thunderbolt placed crosswise ; the whole 
within a garland of wheat ears and flowers. Others have the head 
of Apollo on the obverse; before it, a lyre, and X.; behind, 
ROMA. AR 

No. 3 is the rarest type of this family. 

FABRICIA. 

A PLSBEIAK FAMILY* TWO VARIETIES. 

Gold ------------------ dubitnu 

Second brass ----------------R4 




FABRINIA — FLAMINIA. 49 



FABRTNIA. 

RANK, UNCXBTAIN. TWO YABIBTIBS. 

Second and third brass (Triens and Sextans) -------C 



FANNIA. 

A PLEBSIAN FAMILY.— —^TWO VARIBTIE8. 

Silver Rl 

Cutophori of Ttalles in Lydia ----R? 

1. 

Winged head of Minerva : before, X. ; behind, ROMA. — Bev. M. FAN. 
C. F. Vtctoiy in a quadriga. 

2. 

A£D. PL. Head of CereB.^Rev. M. FAN. L. CRIT. Two figures 

in the toga, seated: before them, an ear of com; behind, PA. 

The last type is much the rarest 

FARSULEIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. BLBVBM VABIBTIBS. 

Silver C 

The following type is the least common : 
MENSOR. Head of Juno; behind, S. C.-Sev. L. FARSVLEI. An 
armed man, in a chariot drawn by two horses, assisting a figure 
in the toga to ascend. In the field, CXT. 



FLAMINIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— -POUR VABIBTIEfl. 

Silver R 1 

1. 
L. CONSIDI. NONIANI. §. C. Laureated head of VenvLB,—Rev, 
L. FLAMIN. CHILO. Victory in a biga. 

VOL. I. E 



50 FLAVIA — FONTEIA. 

2. 
nil. VIR. PRI. FLA, Head of Venus.— iJtfr. L. FLAMIN. CHILO. 
Victory in a biga. 

3. 

Winged head of Minerva: before, X.; behind, ROMA. — Rev. L. 
FLAMINI. CILO. Victory in a biga. 
(See also the Moneyers of Julius Caesar.) 



FLAVIA. 

A PLEBEIAN PAMILY. ^THRBB VARIETIZS. 

Silver C 

The following type is rare : 

C. FLAV. HEMIC. LEG. PRO. PR. Bare head of Apollo ; before, a 
lyre.'^Rev. Q. CAEP. BRVT. IMP. Victory crowning a trophy. 



FONTEIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAHILT.— — — TBIRTT VABIBTIE8. 

Silver C 

First, second, and third brass (see the As, Semis, and Triens) - - R 1 
Second brass (Moneyers of Mark Antony) -------R4 

Scarce types : 

1. 

EX. A. P. Tottthfid laureated head, with curls; underneath, a thun- 
derbolt — Rev, Cupid riding on a goat; above, the caps of the 
dioscuri. In the exergue, the thyrsus : the whole within a garland. 

There are several varieties of this type. 

2. 
P. FONTEIVS. P. F. CAPITO. III. VIR. Male hehned head.— il«i. 
MAN. FONT. TR. MIL. A soldier riding over two prostrate 
armed figures. 
The first type is much the rarest : that with the head of Janus — 
reverse, a galley — ^is very common. 
(See the coins of the family Didia), 



FUFIA — FURIA. 51 



FUFIA. 

▲ PLEBBIAN FAMILY. ONB TTPB. 

saver Rl 

KALENI. — ^Two youthful heads: one hehned, the other laureated: 
before, VIRT. ; behind, HO.— Rev. CORDI. Two females joining 
hands ; one holding a cornucopia, the other a sceptre : behind the 
former, a caduceus and ITAL.; behind the latter, who rests her 
foot upon a globe, RO. 



FULVIA. 

A PLEBBIAN PAMILY.— <— BLBVBN VARIBTIBS. 

Silver C 



FUNDANIA. 

A PLBBBIAN FAMXLT. ITVB VABIBTIES. 

Sflver (Denarii and Quinarii) ------------C 

The undermentioned type is the least common : 

No legend. Head of Jupiter. — Itev. C. FVNDA. Victoiy crowning a 
trophy, at the foot of which, a captive. In the exergue, Q. (A 
qtunaniu). 



FURIA. 

A PATBICIAN FAMILY. TBN VARIBTIBS. 

Gold (if auOetUic) R8 

Sflver C 

Second brass -----------------R6 

First and second brass (see the As) ----------R2 

1. 
AVINT. (acj Diademed head, with beardless face.— Rev, L. FVRI. 
CN. F. A curule chair, between two fasces. ----- AR 

E 2 



52 GALLIA — HERENNIA, 

2. 
BROCCHI. III. VIR. Head of Ceres, with wheaten crown: behind, an 
ear of wheat j before, a barleycorn. — Bev. L. FVRI. CN. F. Curule 
chair, between two fasces ........... AR 

3. 
AED. CVR. Female head, with turreted crown; behind, a human 
tooU^Rev. P. FOVRIVS. CRASSIPES. A curule chair. - AR 

4. 
M. FOVRI. L. F. round the head of Janus. — Bev. PHI LI. in mono- 
gram. Minerva crowning a trophy: above, a star; in the field, 
ROMA. ARandAU 

5. 
Winged head of Minerva ; behind, X. — Rev. Diana in a biga : above, 
the murex; below, ROMA. -....-..-. AR 

Others have the dioscuri on horseback ; ROMA in the exergue. 

In silver. No. 1, is much the rarest. 

GALLIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TBBBE VABIBTIBS. 

First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ----- . C 

GELLIA. 

BANK AND OBIOIN UNCBBTAIN. ^THBBB VABIETISS. 

Silver Rl 

Winged head of Minerva : behind, X. ; both within a garland of laurel. — 
Bev, CN. GEL. A soldier and a female, in a quadriga. In the 
exergue, ROMA. --...-.------- AR 

(See also the moneyers of Mark Antony and Octavius). 

HERENNLA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ^-FIPTEEM VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

Head of Piety : before li; behind PIETAS.— i2eo. M. HERENNI. 
Eneas carrying Anchises. 



HIRTIA — HOSTILIA. 53 



HIRTIA. 

▲ PLEBBIAX FAICILT.— *-01fS TTrX OMLT. 

Gold R 

C. CAES. COS. T£R. Veiled female head.— Rev. A. HIRTIVS. PR. 
Pontifical instruinenU. 

Valued by Mionnet at fifty francs. Brought 3/. 7«. at the sale of Lord 
Morton's cabinet. 



HORATIA. 

▲ rATAlCIAM FAMILT.-— — FOUK ▼▲KimS9. 

Silver R8 

COCLES. Winged head of Minerva : behind, X. — Rev. The dioscuri on 
horseback ; below, ROMA. 

Brought but 1/. 14#. at the sale of Lord Morton's cabinet. 

This coin was restored by Trajan. There are many modem imitations. 



HOSIDIA. 

RANK UNCBKTAIN. TWO ▼AKIXTIXS. 

Silver Rl 

GETA. in. V!R. Bust of Diana.— Arc. C. HOSIDI. C. F. A 
boar, pierced by a spear, and assailed by a dog. 



HOSTILIA. 

A PATMCIAN FAMILT. WIVE VAaiSTiaS. 

Silver -------- --.Rl 

Third brass ---------R5 

1. 
Head of Pavor : behind, a shield, charged with a thunderbolt.— i2e«. L. 
HOSTILIVS. SASERN. A biga, in full speed, in which a figtire 
is defending himself from an attack behind. 



54 ITIA — JULIA. 

2. 
SASERNA. Head of Pallor: behind, the military lituus. — Rev. L. 
HOSTIL. or HOSTIL. Three females to the right, behind a 
balustrade of trellis-work. 

3. 
Head of Pallor: behind, the military lituus.— i{^. L. HOSTILIVS. 
SASERNA. Diana, standing, holding a stag by the horns ; in her 
left hand, a hunting spear. 

4. 
Head of Y emu. — Rev. L. HOSTILIVS. • SASERNA. Victory, 
marching with a trophy on her shoulders. 

No. 2 is a very rare type. The types of the three first numbers are 
exceedingly interesting. Livy informs us that the family of Hostilia 
were descended from Tullus Hostilius, who, being engaged in a battle 
against the Vientes, and seeing that the Romans were seized with a 
panic in consequence of the desertion of the Albans, vowed to erect a 
temple to the deities, Pavor and Pallor. 



ITIA. 

RANK UKKNOWN.-^-~ONB TYPE ONLY. 

Silver R3 

Winged head of Minerva : behind, X. — Rev. L. ITI. The dioscuri, 
on horseback. In the exergue, ROMA. 

Valued by Mionnet at thirty. francs. 



JULIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAMILY. ONB HUNDKXD AND TWENTY-TWO VAKIETIBS. 

Gold R4 

Silver C 

Silver (of the Moneyers of J. Caesar) ------ ---R2 

Rare types: 1. 

Youthful head, winged : behind, a trident, and a scorpion. — Rev. EX. 
A. P. Victory in a quadriga, holding a crown. (Mionnet). AR 



JULIA — JUNIA. 65 

2. 

Head of Juno : behind, D.— Aeo. EX. S. C. A oornttcopia, within a 
garland. ----------------. AR 

3. 
Same head. — Rev. Q. A donUe oornuoopia. - AR 

4. 

Winged head of Minerra : before, X. ; behind, an anchor. — Rev. SEX. 
IVLI. CAISAR. (tie). Figure guiding a biga, and crowned by 
Victory, behind; above, ROMA. AR 

5. 

CAES. Die. QVAR. Head of Yenvut.—Rev. COS. QVINC. within 
a Uuirel garland - ------------- AU 

In silver, No. 1 is a very rare type. No. 2 is the next in rarity. 
Those with the elephant, — Rev, Pontifical instruments ; and the head of 
Venus, — Rev, Eneas carrying Anchises, are very common. 

The gold is valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 



JUNIA. 

A PATRICIAir AKD PLKBSIAN FAMILT. SETElTTr-PIVI VAaUTIlS. 

Silver C 

Restored by Trajan R7 

First brass (see the As) R2 

Rare types: 1. 

AHALA. Bearded head of Ahala.— jBev. BRVTVS. Bearded head of 
the elder Brutus. (Plate m, No, 2). 

2. 

PLAET. CEST. Laureated head of a veiled female, sunnounted by 
the modius. — Rev, BRVT. IMP. The simpulum and the axe. 

3. 

A. POSTVMIVS. COS. Bare head of Postumiu8.^i{fv. ALBINVS. 
BRVTI. F. within a wheaten crown. 



56 JUNIA — LICINIA. 

4. 

Head of Mm.— Rev. ALBINVS. BEVTI. F. Two mUitary litui, 
cross-wise ; between them, two bucklers. 

5. 

PIETAS. HeadofPiety.—iJw. ALBINVS. BRVTI. F. Two hands, 
joined, holding a caduceus. 

6. 
C. PANSA. Bearded head of a Faun.-> Rev, as No. 5. 

7. 

SALVS. Head of Health; both within an ornamented circle. — Rev. D. 
SI LAN VS. L. F. Victory, guiding a biga : in her right hand, a 
whip; in her left, a palm branch. In the excise, ROMA. There 
is sometimes a grashopper in the place of ROMA. 

8. 

LIBO. Winged head of Minerva; behind, X.—Rev. C. IVNI. C. F. 
The dioscuri, on horseback. In the exergue, ROMA. 

9. 

LIBERTAS. Head of Liberty. —Rev. The sons of Brutus, guarded by 
the lictors. In the exergue, BRVTVS. : round the field, IMP. 
CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. 

The original type (Plate it, No. 6) of tliis interesting coin, is com- 
mon ; but the restored coin is very rare. 

No. 2 is the rarest type, except No. 9. No. 3 is the next in rarity. 



LICINIA. 

▲ PLSBUAIf PAUILY. ^THIRTY-ONE VARIKT1B8. 

Silver Rl 

First brass -----------------Ri 

Second and third brass (see the As, Semis, and Quadr^ns) - - C 
First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ..... C 

Second brass, with A. LICINIVS. NERVA. SILIAN. HI. VIR. A. 
A. A. F. F. and the head of Augustus ------ Rl 



LICINIA — LIVINEIA. 57 

The following are the rarest types in silver : 

1. 
NERVA. FIDES. Laureated head of Fidelity.^ieev. ALBINVS. 
BRVTl. F. Two handsy joined, holding a caduceus. 

2. 
Same head and legend. — Rev. A. LICIN. III. VIR. A horseman, 
with the paludamentum, dragging a captive hy the hair. 

3. 
Head of Venus: behind, S. C.—Eev. P. CRASS VS. M. F. A soldier, 
standing, holding a horse by the bridle ; in his left hand, a spear. 

4. 
Youthful bust, launching a triple javelin.— i{^. C. LICINIVS. C. F. 
M ACER. Minerva in a quadriga, armed with her shield, and 
casting her spear. 

5. 
NERVA. Laureated head of Apollo. — i2ev. A. LICINI. A horseman, 
galloping ; a palm branch on his shoulder. 
(See also the Money ers of Augustus). 
The last type is the rarest. No. 1 is the least rare. 



LIVINEIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ^-THIBTBBM VABXBTIB8. 

Gold R7 

Silver Rl 

Restored by Trajan ----------. ---R6 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ---------C 

Rare types in gold and silver : 

1. 
Bare youthful head : behind, a sceptre.— i2«i7. L. LIVINEIVS. REGV- 
L VS. A cunjle chair ; on each side, three fasces. ... AR 

2. 
REGVLVS. PR. Bare male head, with beardless face. — Rev, L. 
LIVINEVS. REGVLVS. A similar tjpe. - - ARandAU 



68 LIVINEIA — LOLLIA. 

3. 

Bare head, with beardless face, (often without legend, but sometimes 
with L. REGVLVS.) — iiw. L. REGVLVS. Two gladiators, in 
combat with a lion, a panther, and a bull. ...... AR 

4. 

The same head, without legend.— i^ev. LIVINEIVS. REGVLVS. The 
modius, between two eatrs of com. 

5. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. 

6. 
L. REGVLVS. PR. The same head.-^Eev. REGVLVS. F. PRAEF. 
VR. A curule chair, between two fasces. ...... AR 

7. 

C. CAESAR. IIL VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Octavius.— i2«v. L. 
REGVLVS. IIII. VIR. A. P. F. Eneas carrying Anchises on 
his shoulders. -.....----.--.. AU 

In gold. No. 2 is much the rarest type. In silver, Nos. 2 and 6 are 
the rarest. 

(See also the coins of the Moneyers of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, 
Octavius, and Lepidus). 



LOLUA. 

▲ PLBBSIAH FAMILY. ^TWBLVB VAKURIB8. 

Silver R2 

First, second, and third brass (colony of Cyrenaica) - - - - R 1 

1. 

FELICITATIS. Female heud.—Rev. PALIKANI. Victory, in a 
biga, to the right ^A quinanui). 

2. 

LIBERTATIS. Head of Liberty.— il«7. PALIKANVS. A bridge 
with five arches : above, a table ; below, three galleys. 




LUCILIA — LUCRETIA. 59 

3. 
HONORIS. Laureated head of Honour.— Aa;. TALIKANVS. A 
cumle chair, between two ears of com. 

No. 1 is a very rare type. 



LUCILIA. 

▲ PLUXIAK FAICILT. OKB COIN ONLY. 

Silver Rl 

A. PV. Winged head of Minerva; the whole within a garland. — Rev. 
M. LVCILI. RVF. Victory in a biga. 



LUCRETIA. 

▲ PATRICIAN AMD PLSUIAN FAMILT. BLCVBN VAKUTIU. 

Silver C 

Restored by Trajan R6 

Scarce types : 

1. 
TRIO. Winged head of Minerva; before. X.-^Bev. ON. LVCR. The 
dioscuri on horseback. In the exergue, ROMA. 

2. 
Radiated head of the sun.— iZ^. L. LVCRETI. TRIO. A crescent, in 
the midst of seven stars. 

3. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. 

4. 
Head of Neptune; behind, a trident, and HXXl.^Rev. L. LVCRETI. 
TRIO. Cupid, riding on a dolphin. 

The first two are the rarest, excepting, of course. No. 3. 



60 LURIA — MAIANIA. 



LURIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNCBKTAIN RANK. 8SVXN VARIET1Z8. 

First brass and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) - - - - R 1 



LUTATIA. 

A PLKBEIAN FAMILY. ^THRBB VABIETIBS. 

Silver Rl 

First brass, (Moneyers of Augustus). 

CERCO. ROMA. Helmed head of Minerva: behind, X„lUv. Q. 
LVTATJ. Q. A galley; the whole within an oak garland. 



MAECILIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FOUR VARIETIES. 

First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) - - - 



MAENIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FOUR VARIETIES. 

Silver R 1 

Third brass R3 



MAIANIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNCERTAIN RANK. THREE VARIETIES. 

Silver Rl 

First brass (see the As) -------_. .---C 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus ; see MoreU) ----- R 6 

Winged head of Minerva; behind, X. — Rev. C. MAIANI. Winged 
figure, with a whip, guiding a biga. In the exergue, ROMA. 



MAMILIA — MANLIA. 61 



MAMILIA. 

▲ VOBI.K TDSCAN TAMILT, BUT IN KOME rLXBUAM. EIOHTBBir VAKimEB. 

Silver -------------------C 

Restored by Trajan - R7 

The most interesting type is that which represents on the reverse 
Ulyues recognized by his dog. (Plate ii, No. 7). The family Mamilia, 
tnued their descent from tliat hero. This coin was restored by Trajan. 



MANLIA. 

▲ PATBXCIAH PAICXLT. SIGHT VABUTIBS. 

Gold -..R6 

Silver - C 

Rare types: 1. 

SER. Head of Minerva; before, ROMA.— Rev. A. MANLI. Q. F. 
Apollo in a chariot : on his left, X. ; on his right, a crescent : on 
each side, a star in the field. - AR 

2. 

L. MANLI. PRO. Q. Winged head of Minerva.— i^ev. L. SVLLA. 
IMP. Sylla, in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. - - AR and AU 

The gold, in very fine preservation, brought 17/. 1 5s. at the sale of 
Lord Morton's cabinet. 

3. 

ROMA. Head of Minerva within an ornamented circle ; before, X. — 
Bev. L. SVLLA. IMP. Sylla, in a quadriga. .... AR 

4. 

Same obverse. — Rev. L. TORQVA. Q. £X. S. C. A soldier galloping, 
armed with a spear and a buckler. ........ aR 



62 MARCIA. 

5. 

SIBYLLA. Female head.— iJw. L. TORQVAT. IIL VIR. A tripod; 
above, two stars; the whole within an ornamented circle. - - AR 

No. 3 is the scarcest tjrpe in silver. The gold is valued by Mlonnet 
at 200 francs. 



MARCIA. 

A PATftlCIAN FAMILY, ArTBKWAKDS PLBBBIAK. POBTT-TWO VARIBTIKS. 

SUver - C 

Restored by Trajan -R6 

First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) -----. C 

First brass (see the As) -------------R2 

Second brass (see the Semis) -----------Ri 

Third brass (see the Triens) ---- C 

„ (see the Quadrans) --R1 

„ with L. PHILLIPPVS. or M. MARCL M. F. - - R 3 

First brass, with the heads of Ancus and Numa ---..-R2 

Scarce types in silver : 1 . 

AN CVS. Head of Ancus Marcius, to the right ; the lituus, behind.— 
Rev. PHILIPPVS. An equestrian statue on a bridge; underneath 
the arches, AQVA. MAR. AR 

2. 
The aame type, restored by Trajan. ---------- AR 

3. 

LIBO. Winged head of Minerva; before, X.^Rev. Q. MARC. The 
dioscuri on horseback ; in the exergue, ROMA. 

4. 

Head of Minerva; behind, X.—Rev. Q. MARC. C. F. L. R. Victory 
in a biga; below, two ears of com. In the exergue, ROMA. 

Some have a star before the head of Minerva, and are without the 
letters C. F. L. V. on the reverse. 

Excepting the restored type. No. 4 is the rarest 



MARIA — MEMMIA. 63 



MARIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. rORTT-SIlC VAEIXTIES. 

Gold (aee Moneyeis of Augustus) ---------- R8 

saver Rl 

Restored by Trajan R6 

SQ^er (of the Moneyers of Augustus) ---------Rl 

C. MARI. C. F. CAPIT. XXVIII. Head of Ceres.— iJ«. A man 

driving two oxen; above, XXVIII. -------- AR 



MEMMIA. 

A PLEBEIAN fAMILY.— FIFTEEN VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

Restored by Trajan R6 

Second brass (see the Semis) ----.------R3 

Scarce types: 1. 

C. MEMMI. C. F. QVIRINVS. Laureated head, with curled beard.— 
Bev. MEMMIVS. AED. CERIALIA. PREIMVS. FECIT. Ceres 
sitting : a serpent at her feet; in her right hand, three ears of com ; 
in her left, a distaff. (PlaU u, No. 8). 

2. 
The same type, restored by Trijan. 

History is silent as to when the Cerialia, or festival of Ceres (a very 
important ceremony among the Romans) was first celebrated ; but this 
coin indicates that it was during the period that Memmius was Edile. 

3. 
C. MEMMI. C. F. Head of Ceres.— JStfv. C. MEMMIVS. IMPE- 
RATOR. A trophy ; at the foot, a captive on one knee. 

4. 
No legend. Male head, with beardless face, crowned with an oaken 
garland; before, X. (sometimes without X). — Rev. L. MEMMI. 
The dioscuri standing near their horses. 

No. 3 is the scarcest type, excepting, of course, the restored coin. 



64 MESCINIA — MINEIA. 



MESCINIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. 81 X VARIETIES. 

Gold (se€ the Money ers of Augustus) -------- -R8 

Silver (see the same) -- ------R2 



METTIA. 

A PAMILY OF UNOKHTAIN RANK.— EIOHT VARIETIES. 

Gold (see the Moneyere of Julius Caesar) ----.-- R 5 

Silver (see the same) --------------Rl 

Quinarii, of silver -------------- R4 

Rare types : 

No legend. Youthful male head, with diadem.— Aeo. M. METTI. A 
female, meeting a serpent rising. ------ ---^^R 

2. 
Head of Juno-Sospita ; behind, a serpent — Rev. M. METTI. Victory 
in a biga. ----------------AR 

Both these are quinarii. The first is the rarest 



MINATIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. THREE VARIETIES. 

Silver (see Cnaeus Pompey, the son, whose head they bear). - - R 6 



MINEIA. 

A PAMILY OP UNCERTAIN RANK. ^THRKE VARIETIES. 

Third brass R3 

MINEIA. M. F. Female head.— iSev. An edifice; the letters, P. S. 
S. C. on either side. The others differ only in the situation of the 
head or the legend. (See MoreU\ 



r 



MINUCTA — MITREIA. 65 



MINUCIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TIM VARIETIES. 

Gdd (Eckkd'9 Cat. Mm, Fmdab.) R 4 

Sflver C 

Restored by Trajan R7 

Second and third brass, with C. AVG. (see the Semis and the 

Qoadrans) -------- -.-C 

Thiid biaas (Quadrans) with L. MINVCI R 1 

Scarce types: 1. 

RVF. Winged head of Minerva : X. (sometimes without X.) — Rev. Q. 
MINV. The dioscuri on horseback. In the exergue, ROMA. AR 

2. 
Same head. — Rev. L. MINVCI. Jupiter in a quadriga : beneath, 
ROMA. AR 

3. 
Head of Minerva? No legend.— iZ^^v. Q. THERM. M. F. Two 
soldiers, armed with sword and buckler, engaged in combat; 
another soldier, similarly armed, on his knees between them. AR 

4. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. 



MITREIA. 

RAWK UNKNOWN. TWO VARIXTISS. 

Third brass ----R2 

1. 
C. MITREIVS. L. F. MAG. IVVENT. Bare male head : under- 
neath, a dolphin. — Rev. XL within an ornamented circle; the 
whole within a laurel garland. 

2. 
C. MITREIVS. L. F. MAG. IVVENT. Bare head, as above.— Rev. 
An edifice, inscribed on the front, T. SEXTILI. L. F. : under- 
neath, nil. (See MoreU). 
VOL. I. ' 



66 MUCIA — NAEVIA. 



MUCIA. 

A PLXBSIAN PAKILT. ^TWO ▼▲KIXTIU. 

Silver (see the family, Fufia) Rl 

The gold coin attributed to this family is fiedae. 



MUNATIA. 

▲ rLSBKIAN FAMILY.— -THan TAaUTISS. 

Gold (see the coins of Mark Antony) ........Ri 

Silver (see the coins of Mark Antony) ........ R4 

First and second brass -..-. R2 



MUSSIDIA. 

A FAMILT OF UKCSaTAIN KAKK.— -TWEMTT ▼AUXTIKS. 



Oold (of the Moneyers of Antony, Octavius, or Lepidus) - ^ R 2 

Silver R2 

„ (of the Moneyers of J. Caesar and of Lepidus) - - - R 2 

First, second, and third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) . . . C 



NAEVIA. 

A PLSBKIAN FAICILT.— ^WXMTT-BKTXN ▼AEIETIXS. 



Silver C 

First, second, and third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) - . . C 

The under-mentioned type is rare : 

SARA. Head of Minerva : before, X.—Bev. C. N A£. BAB. Victory 
in abiga. 

The name SARANVS, on the obverse of this coin, belongs to the 
family Atilia. 



r 



NASIDIA — NORBANU6. 67 



NASIDIA. 

A PLKBKIAK FAMILY. ^-^THEXX TAUXTISS. 

Sflver (aee the coins of Sextus Pompey) ...--.-.R2 
There are no authentic gold coing. 



NERIA. 

A rLXBXiAM FAMILT. ONK TTPZ ONLY. 

Sihrer ----- _ R2 

NERI. Q. VRR Bearded male head.— Aw. L. LENT. C. MARC. 
COS. A legionary eagle, hetween two standards. On one, H. ; on 
die other, P. (See the family, Cornelia). 



NONIA. 

A PLXBZIAN FAMILY. TBaZX VAKIETIKB, 

Silver --- Rl 

Pint and second hrass (see the coins of the Moneyers of Augustus) C 

The following is a rare type; that with C. YPSE. is the commonest: 

SVFENVS. S. C. Head of Saturn?— Aw. SEX. NONI. PR. L. V. 
P. F. A female, sitting on bucklers, holding a spear and a short 
sword, crowned by Victory, standing behind. 



NORBANUS. 

FAMILY UKKXOWN. TWXNTY-8IX VAUXTIKS. 

Gold (see <he coins of Cestia) ...........R6 

saver C 

Restored by Tri^an R6 

Norbanus is a surname ; the family name is not known. 

f2 



68 NUMITORIA — OOIJLNIA. 

NUMITORIA. 

A FUUIXIAN FAMILY. nVE ▼AUXTUS. 

SUver R4 

Second and third brass (see the Semis and the Quadrans) - - - C 

Winged head of Minerva: before, X; behind, ROMA.— iZei?. C. NV- 
MITORI. A figure in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. 

NUMONIA. 

A rLZBZIAM FAICILT. ^THRKK TAKIVTIXS. 

Gold R8 

saver R7 

Restored by Trajan R8 

1. 
Head of Victory. No legend.-.iiei7. NVMONIVS. VAALA. A 
soldier, armed with sword and buckler, attacking an entrenchment 
defended by two other soldiers. --------,i AU 

This coin brought 142. 14«. at the sale of the Earl of Morton's cabinet 
in 1830. It is valued by Mionnetat 600 francs. 

2. 
C. NVMONIVS. VAALA. Bare head of Numonius.— i2«r. VAALA. 
Same type as the preceding. --.--.-.-- AR 

3. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. --------- AR 

4. 
C. NVMONIVS. VAALA. Bare head of Numonius.— /J«. C. NV- 
MONIVS. A similar type to the preceding. - - - - AR 

This coin brought 41. lit, at the sale of Lord Morton's cabinet. 

OGULNIA. 

A PLKBUAlf FAMILT.— •PIVS VAUXnSS. 

Silver R5 

Second brass (see the As, and the fiunily Carvilia) ----- R 1 

Laureated head, with beardless face : underneath, a thunderbolt. — Rev. 
OGVL. VER CAR. Jupiter in a quadriga. 



OPEIMIA — PAPIA. 69 



OPEIMIA. 

A PLZBKIAK FAMILT. BITIN rAKICTIXS. 

saver Rl 

Pint, second, and third brass (see the As, the Senus, and the 
Quadrans) ------- ---Rl 

The rarest types, in silver, are : 

1. 
Winged head of Minerva : before, X. ; behind, a garhmd. — Rev. 
L. OPEIMI. ROMA. Victory in a quadriga, her right hand 
holding a garland. 

2. 
Winged head of Minerva: behind, a tripod; before, X. — Rev. M. 
OPEIMI. Apollo in a biga, holding his bow. In the exergue, 
ROMA. 



OPPIA. 

A rLKBEIAN FAMILT. NINZ TABlKriZS. 

Second brass ----------------C 

Second brass (see the Roman As) --.--...-.Ri 



PACUVIA, OR PAQUIA. 

A FAXILT or UKCKKTAIH RAKK. 

Second and third brass ------ -------R2 



PAPIA. 

A PLCBUAN FAMILr 8IXTT-THKIK VARICTIES. 

Silver C 

Quinarii - R3 



70 PAPIA — PAPIRIA. 

Scarce types: 

1. 

TRIYMPYS. Toathfal lameated head : behind, a trophy (some have 
the head of Jmio-Sospita, without legend).— Rev. L. PAPIVS. 
CELSVS. III. VIR. A wolf conveying a log in its month to a 
fire, which an eagle is fanning with its wings. 

This coin illustrates a strange story of Dion. Halikamassus, who in 
his history informs us, that when Eneas was about to found Lavinium, 
that hero observed a wolf and an eagle kindling a fire, which a fox 
vainly endeavoured to extinguish. Eneas foretold by this, that the 
infant colony, although exposed to the enmity of surrounding states, 
would finally subdue them. The historian says, that the effigies of a fox 
and an eagle were preserved in the forum at Lavinium, as a memento of 
this event 

2. 

Winged bust of Victory. No l^end.— i2er. L. PAPIVS. CELSVS. A 
female, standing ; before her, a serpent, rising. (A quinarius). 

3. 

Head of Mercury (with or without the legend, CELSVS). — Rev. L. 
PAPI. A lyre. ( A quinarhu). 

The last two types are by far the rarest The other types differ from 
each other only in minute symbob. 



PAPIRIA. 

▲ TLZEKIAV FAMILY. SIXTXKK VAEIETISS. 

Silver C 

First, second, and third brass (see the As, the Semis, and the 
Quadrans) ---- -_-. --_._. .Ri 

Winged head of Minerva : before, X. ; behind, a laurel hrB.nch.—Rev. 
M. CARBO. Jupiter in a quadriga; his left hand holding the 
hasta pura; his right, the thunderbolt. In the exergue, ROMA. 



PEBANIA — PINARIA. 71 



PEDANIA. 

A PLKBUAK FAMILT.— ^WO ▼AEISTIB8. 

Sflver R2 

COSTA. LEO. Laureated female head.— i2«r. BRVTVS. IMP. A 
trophy. 

PETILLIA. 

A FLXBUAM FAMILT. TWO ▼ARIBTIIS. 

Sflver R2 

1. 

CAPITOLINYS. Head of Jupiter, to die nght-^Rev. PETILLIVS. 

A temple with five columna : on one side, S. ; on the other, F. 

2. 
PETELLIYS. CAPITOLINYS. An eagle, with wings expanded, 
standing on a thunderbolt — Rev. A temple with six columns : S. 
on one side ; F. on the other. 



PETRONIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. NINETEEN VARIETIES. 

Gold (Moneyera of Augustus) .-.--......R2 

Sflver (the same) R2 

FERON. TVRPILIANVS. III. VIR. Head of the goddess Feronia. 
—Apt. CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. SIGN. RECEP. A kneeling 
figure presenting a standard. ...--..-.- AR 



PINARIA. 

A PATRICIAN PA MILT. TEN VARIETIES. 

Sflver C 

First brass (see the Roman As) -----------Rl 

„ with the heads of Mark Antony and of Cleopatra - - R 6 
Third brass (see the Roman Quadrans) ...--.--Rl 



72 PINARIA — PLAETORIA. 

Rare types in silver : 1. 

M. ANTO. COS. III. IMP. IIII. Head of Jupiter Ammon.— Aw. 
ANTONIVS. AVG. SCARPVS. IMP. Victory walking, with 
garland and palm branch. 

2. 
Another. — Rev. SCARPVS. IMP. A legionary eagle, between two 
ensigns, inscribed LEG. VIII. 

3. 
CAESAR. DIVI. F. AVG. PONT. Victory standing on a globe, her 
right hand holding a garland, her left a palm branch, resting on her 
shoulder.— /{(w. IMP. CAESARI. SCARPVS. IMP. A human 
hand in the middle of the field. 

There are several varieties of this last type. No. 2 is the rarest. 



PLAETORIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FIFTY-SEVEN VARIETIES. 

Silver -------------------C 

Silver (see the coins of Brutus) ----------- R6 

Rare types: 1. 

CESTIAN VS. S. C. Female bust, winged and helmeted : before, a 
cornucopia; a quiver behind. — Bev. M. PLAETORIVS. M. F. 
A£D. CVR. An eagle, with wings displayed, standing on a 
thunder-bolt. The type on each side is within an ornamented 
circle. 

2. 
Female head; a globe, or some other symbol, behind. No legend. — 
Rev. M. PLAETOR. (or PLAETORI.) CEST. S. C. Youthful 
bust, standing on a pediment, on which is inscribed, SOUS. 

3. 
Female head; behind, a cornucopia, or some other symbol. — Rev. M. 
PLAETORI. CEST. S. C. The pediment of a temple. 

Those with the cunile chair and the caduceus, are the commonest. 
No. 2 is the scarcest. 




PLANCIA — PLOTIA. 73 



PLANCIA. 

A PLEBItAN FAMILY. IIOHT VARIBTIFS. 

saver Rl 

C. PLANCIVS. AED. CVR. S. C. Female head, with a rich collar, 
covered with the pileus. — Rev. No legend. A goat, a bow and 



quiver. 



PLAUTIA, OR PLUTIA. 

A PLEBBIAM PAMILY. NIVB VARIBTIE8. 

Silver C 

An the coins of this family are common; but there are two types 
which deserve particular notice. 

1. 

A. PLAVTIVS. AED. CVR. S. C. Female head, with turreted crown. 
-^Bev. BACCHIVS. IVDAEVS. A man kneeling by the side of 
a camel, presenting an olive branch. 

2. 

P. VPSAE. S. C. Female bust; behind, a dolphin.— i2«r. C. YPSAE. 
COS. PRIV. CEPIT. (or PRIEVER. CAPTV.) Jupiter in a 
quadriga, launching the thunder-bolt 

The first of these coins commemorates the submission of Bacchius, 
one of the adherents of Aretas, king of Arabia. He was reduced by A. 
Plautiusy the quaestor of Aem. Scaurus. The other records the taking 
of Privemum, a town of the Volsci, by the consul C. Plautius Hypsaeus, 
in the year of Rome 412. Privemum afterwards became a Roman 

PLOTIA. 

A PLBBEIAN FAMILY. FOUB VABIBTIE8. 

First and second brass ( Money ers of Augustus) - - . . . . c 



74 POBLICIA — POMPEIA. 



POBLICIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FIFTEEN VAEISTIES. 

saver C 

ROMA. Female head, with the pileus, a branch on each side. — Rev. 
C. POBLICI. Q. F. Hercules strangling the Nemaeanlion ; before, 
a bow in a case, and P. 

See also the coins of Cnaeius Pompey, the son, without his head. 



POMPEIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— —THIRTT-TIIRSB VARIETIES. 

Gold - R8 

Silver C 

Silver (see Cnaeus Pompey, the son) --------- Rg 

First brass (Plate it, No, 9). R2 

Second and third brass (see the As and the Quadrans) - . - C 

Rare tjrpes in gold and silver. 

1. 
M AGN VS. Female head, covered by the lion's skin, between a vase 
and the lituus; the whole within a garland. — Rev, PROCOS. 
Pompey, in a quadriga, with Victory. ------- AU. 

2. 
VARRO. PROQ. Bearded head with diadem, in terminus. — Rev, MAGN. 
PRO. COS. A sceptre, between an eagle and a dolphin. - AR. 

3. 
CN. PISO. PRO. Q. Bearded head of Numa, with a diadem, inscribed 
NVMA.— fi«7. MAGN. PRO. COS. Prow of a vessel. - AR. 

No 3 is the rarest type of this family in silver. 

See also the coins of Cnaeus Pompey the elder, taithout his head, and 
those of Cnaeus the younger, wUh his head. 




POMPONIA — PORCIA. 76 

POMPONIA. 

A PLIBIIAM VAMILT.— THXBTT-TBBEI yARXBTIU. 

Silver Rl 

The fc^owing are the rarest types : 

1. 
RVFVS. S. C. Laureated head of Jupiter.— /Jer. Q. POMPONI. An 
eagle, with its wings displayed, standing on a sceptre, and holding 
in its right claw a garland ; in the field, a serpent. 

2. 
L. POMPON, (or POMPONI.) MOLO. Laureated head of Apollo.— 
Eev. NVM. POMPIL. A figure in the toga, holding the lituus, 
and sacrificing at an altar; to which, a man is leading a goat 

3. 

Q. POMPONI. MVSA. Diademed youthful head, with the hair 

arranged in curUu— iZev. HERCVLES. MVSARVM. Hercules 

Musagetes walking, to the rights clad in the lion's skin, and playing 

on a lyre. 

4. 

No legend. Female head, laureated.— /2ev. Q. POMPONI. MVSA. A 

female playing on a lyre. 

There are many varieties of this type. No. 1, is the rarest type of 
this family. 

PORCIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWENTY-SIX VARIETIES. 

SDver (denarii and quinarii) ------------C 

Brass (struck at Cyrenaicae) ------------ Rl 

The following iy^e is rare : the others are uninteresting and common. 

P. LAECA. Winged head of Minerva : before, X. j above, ROMA.— 

Rev, PROVOCO. A figure in a military dress ; a lictor behind, 

crowning a citizen. 

This coin alludes to the Porcian law, established by Porcius Laeca the 

Tribune, in the year of Rome 453. It ordained, that no magistrate 

should punish with death, or scourge a Roman citizen when condemned, 

restricting the punishment to exile. This law did not extend to soldiers, 

who were amenable to their general. 



76 POSTUMIA — PROCILIA. 



POSTUMIA. 

A PATBICIAN FAMILY. TWELVE VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

Rare types: 

1. 

HISPAN. Veiled female head, with straggling hair.— -JS<w. A. POST. 

A. F. S. N. ALBIN. A man standing in the toga, stretching 

out his hand towards an eagle on a perch ; hehind, the lictor's rods. 

2. 
A. POSTVMIVS. COS. Bare head of Postumius.— /20o. ALBINVS. 
BRVTI. F., within a wheaten garland. 

3. 
Head of Diana; underneath ROMA. — Bev. Three horsemen, armed 
with lance and huckler, preceded hy a soldier on foot, armed with 
sword and buckler. 

4. 
Head of Apollo, laureated : underneath, ROMA ; before, X. ; behind, 
a star. — Bev, A. ALBINVS. S. F. The dioscuri standing near 
their horses, which are drinking at a fountain : above, a crescent 

No. 2 is the rarest type. -Nos. 3 and 4 are the least rare; but the 
latter is interesting, as illustrating another fable of Dionysius Halicar- 
nassus, who relates that in the great battle of the Romans commanded 
by Postumius, against the Latins, near the lake RcgiUus, the former 
were assisted by Castor and Pollux, who on the evening of the battle were 
seen at Rome, watering their horses at a fountain, near the temple of 
Vesta. 

PROCILIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. ^TWO VARIETIES. 

Silver Rl 

1. 
Laureated head of Jupiter ; behind, S. C.^Bev. L. PROCILI. F. 
Juno-Sospita marching, to the right, her lance and buckler raised ; 
before, a serpent rising from the ground. 



PROCULEIA — gUINCTIA. 77 

2. 
Head of Juno-Soq>ita ; behind, S. C-^Rev. L. PROCILI. F. Juno 
Sospita, in a biga ; underneath, a serpent 

The first ia the rarest 



PROCULEIA. 

A PLKBBIIN PAMILT. TWO VARIBTIIS. 

Thirdhniss R3 

1. 
Head of Neptune; behind, KO. in monogram.-— jR^t;. C. PROCVLEIVS. 
L. F. A bipennis. 

2. 
Diademed bust of Neptune, in terminus; behind^ KO. in monogram. — 
Bev. C. PROCVLEL L. F. A skate fish. 



GUINCTIA. 

A PATBICIAN FAMILY, AFTZRWARD8, PLEBEIAN. TWELVE VARIETIES. 

Gold R8 

Silver Rl 

Firstand second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) -.-..- C 
Second brass (see the Roman Semis) .-..-.-..R4 

Rare types, in gold and silver : 

1. 
Bare head of Quinctius Flamininus. No legend.— i2«r. T. QVINCTI. 
Victory, holding a palm branch and a garland (Oreek fabric J AU. 

2. 
Bust of Hercules, laureated, with the skin of the lion, and club. — Bev. 
TI. Q. An equestrian leading two horses: below, a rat; in the 
field, several letters indistinct ; below, on a pedestal, D. S. S. AR. 

3. 
Winged head of Minerva : before, X. ; behind, the apex. — Bev. T. Q. 
The dioscuri on horseback ; the Macedonian shield below. In 
the exergue, ROMA. _--_.-- AR. 



78 RENIA. — RUBRIA. 

4. 
Winged head of Minerva ; behind, X.^Rev, S. X. Q. The dioacuri on 
horseback. In the exergue, ROMA. --.-.... AR. 

No. 2 is the rarest type in silver. The gold is valued by Mionnet at 
800 francs. 

RENIA. 

AN UNKNOWN FAMILY. ONE TYPE ONLY. 

Silver C 

Winged head of Rome ; behind, X. — Rev. C. RENI. A female driving 
a biga of goats. In the exergue, ROMA. 

ROSCIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FOETY-TBBSE VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

L. ROSCIA. Head of Juno-Sospita ; behind^ a human head. — Rev, 
FABATI. A female, standing before a serpent, rising from the 
ground ; behind, a fish. 

RUBELLIA. 

▲ FAMILY OF THE KQUBSTELAN OEDER. ONE TYPE ONLY. 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ---.-----C 

RUBRIA. 

A PLEBBLAN FAMILY. TEN ▼ABIBTIES. 

Silver C 

Restored, by Trajan R6 

Quinarii ------------------R3 

First brass (see the Roman As) -----------R2 

Rare types: 

1. 

DOSSEN. Laureated head of Neptune ; behind, a trident. — Rev. L. 

RVBRI. Victory, with a palm branch onher shoulder, advancing 

to an altar, upon which is a serpent (A qumariut). - - - AR. 



KU8TIA — RUTILIA. 79 

2. 
DOSSEN. Laureated head of Neptune; behind^ a sceptre. — Rev. 
IMP. CAJES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. A 
quadriga ; above, Victory, flying with a garland. In the exergue, L. 
RVBRI. 

Two other ooina of this £unily were restored by Trajan ; namely, that 
with the head of Juno. — Rev. A quadriga; and that with the head of 
Ifinenra; both having the legend DOS. on obverse. 

RUSTIA. 

A VAMILT OP UNKNOWN ORIGIN AND ORDER.— —THBBE VABIXTIIS. 

Gold R8 

Silver Rl 

1. 

Q. RVSTIYS. FORTVNAE. ANTIAT. Two heads; one hehneted, the 

other diademed, to the right, placed on a pedestal, each end of which 

is ornamented with a ram's head.— /Set;. CAESARI AVGVSTO. 

EX. S. C. An altar, inscribed on the front, FOR. RE. - - AR 

2. 
Head of Minerva:* Wore X.; behind, S. C.-^Bev. L. RVSTI. A 
ma. -----_-.--------- AR 

3. 

a RVSTIVS. FORTVNAE. Two heads, male and female, facing 
each other; the one helmeted, the other with diadem. — Bev. 
CAESARI. AVGVSTO. Victory flying, wearing the stola and the 
peplum, placing on a dppus a buckler, inscribed S. C. (Miotmet) AU 

In the cabinet of the Due de Blacas. 

RUTILIA. 

A PLBBEIAN FAMILY. ONE TYPE ONLY. 

Silver ---- - Rl 

FLAG. Winged head of Minerva.— Jliw. L. RVTILI. Victory, in a 
biga, at fiill speed, holding a garland. 



• Mioimet calls this the head of Mais ; but it is most certainly the head of 
Bliiierva : the helmet is without wings. 



80 SALVIA — SAUFEIA. 



SALVIA. 

A FLSBXIAN FAMILY. FOUR TARIETfES. 

Silver (seethe Moneyers of Octavius) ---------RI 

First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ... - - - C 



SANGUINIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNKNOWN ORDER. FOUR VARIETIES. 

Silver (see the Moneyers of Augustus) ...-..--Ri 
First and second brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ..-.-- C 



SATRIENUS. 

TWENTY-TWO VARIETIES. 

Silver -..----------- -----C 

1. 
No legend. Helmed head of Minerva.— /Jet;. P. SATRIENVS. A 
bitch wolf, passant : above, ROMA. 

Satrienus is a surname ; the name of the family is not known. 



SAUFEIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FIVE VARIETIES. 

Silver Rl 

First brass (see the Roman As) .----.-----C 

Second brass (see the Semis) -.----------Rl 

„ (see the Triens) ------------C 

1. 
X. Winged head of Minerva. — Rev. L. SAVF. Victory, holding a 
whip, and driving a biga at full speed ; below, ROMA. 




SCRIBONIA — SEMPRONIA. 81 

SCRIBONIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— -SIX VARIETIES. 

Gold R8 

Sflver C 

Restored by Trajan -------------- Re 

First brass (see the Roman As) ----------- Rl 

Third brass (see the Triens) ------------C 

Rare t3rpe8: 1. 

BON. EVENT. LIBO. Female head.— il«;. PVTEAL SCRIBON. 
An altar; a lyre suspended ou each side. ------AR 

2. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. ---------- AR 

3. 

PAVLLVS. LEPIDVS. CONCORD. Veiled head of Concord.— Rev. 
Altar, and legend as above; below, LIBO - - - AU and AR 

4. 

PUTEAL. SCRIBON. A similar type on the reverse of Augustus. — 
(Haym). AR 

Valued by Mionnet at one hundred francs. 

SEMPRONIA. 

FAMILY OF UNKNOWN RANK.— ^TWENTY-TWO VAAIBTIES. 

Gold (see the Moneyers of Augustus) • -------- R5 

Sflver C 

Silver, of the Moneyers of J. Caesar and Augustus ----- R 2 

First brass (see the Roman As) -----------R2 

First and second brass (of the Moneyers of Augustus) - - - - C 

First brass, with the head of Antony ---------R4 

The types in silver are for the most part uninteresting ; consisting of 
the winged head of Minerva, with the reverse of the dioscuri. 



* The quinarius of gold, with bare head of T. Gracchus, is false. 
VOL. I. G 




82 SENTIA — SEPULLIA. 



SENTIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. THIRTY-ONE VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

All the denarii bear the common type of the winged helmed head. — lUv. 
Jupiter in a quadriga ; and differ only in minute symbols. 



SEPULLIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNKNOWN RANK. SIX VARIETIES. 

Silver R2 

Quinarii and Sestertii --------------R8 

Rare types : L 

No legend. Veiled bearded head: before, the lituus; behind, the 
praefericulum —Rev. P. SEPVLLIVS. M ACER. A man guiding 
two horses, on one of which he is mounted; behind, a palm branch 
and a garland. 

2. 

Head of Mercury; behind, the letters HS. (sometimes without the 
letters).— iJw. P. SEPVLLIVS. A caduceus. (A sestertius). 

3. 

No legend. Wmged bust of a female.— Eev. P. SEPVLLIVS. MACER. 
A female standing, holding a cornucopia and a patera. (A qumarius.) 

4. 

P. SEPVLLIVS. MACER. An equestrian conducting two horses: in 
the field, a garland.— Rev. CLEMENTIAE. CAESARIS. A temple 
with four columns. 

See also the coins of the Moneyers of J. Caesar and M. Antony. 




SM^ 




Jr„/,->iJ ■„//..a,-J /y j/i'Hf4^l^/.^r.''a>,f,.KM 



8£RGIA — SERVILIA. 83 

SERGIA. 

A PATBICIAK PAMILT.^^— ONE TYPE OHLT. 

Silver Rl 

Winged head of Minerva: behind, ROMA, and X.; before, EX. S. C. 
Sev. M. SERGI. SILVS. Q. in the field. A horseman 
galloping to the left, holding in his left hand, a human head and a 
sword. (Plaie iti. No, 1). 

The horseman on this coin is a representation of that extraordinary 
man mentioned by Fliny (Lib. vii. cap. xxviii.), who after being maimed 
in eveiy limb, and losing his right hand, fought in many engagements 
with his left. Silus was twice captured by Hannibal, and endured 
innumerable hardships in the service of his country. 

SERVILIA. 

A PATRICIAN 7AMILT, AFTBRWABD8 PLEBEIAN. TWENTY-PIVE VABIETIBS. 

Gold R4 

Silver C 

Third brass (see the Roman Quadrans) -------- R3 

Rare types in gold and silver : 

1. 

C. CASSEI. IMP. Laureated female head.— i{^. M. SERVILIVS. 

LEG. A crab, the acrostolium, and the balaustium. - - - AR 

2. 
C. CASSI. IMP. Laureated female het^^-^Rev, M. SERVILIVS. 
LEG. The acrostolium. -------- AR and AU 

3. 
AHA LA. Bare bearded head of Ahala.— i2ev. BRVTVS. Bore 
bearded head of the elder Brutus. {Plate iu, No. 2). - AR & AU 

4. 
Winged head of 'Rome: underneath, ROMA; behind, a garland, and 
(sometimes), X.—Bev. C. SERVEILI. M. F. The dioscuri, on 
horseback, proceeding in opposite directions. - - AR and AU 

Mionnet says of this type — " II faut prendre garde au coin modeme." 

5. 
M. SEVILIVS. LEG. Laureated female head.— lUv. Q. CAEPIO. 

BRVTVS. IMP. A military trophy. AU 

G 2 



84 SERVILIA — SESTIA. 

6. 
CASCA. LONGVS. A trophy, between two prows : in the field, L. — 
Bev. BRVTVS. IMP. Bare head of Marcus Brutus, within an 
oak garland. (Mus. Vindob,) --------- AU 

7. 

CASCA. LONGVS. Laureated head of Neptune : below, a trident — 
Rev, BRVTVS. IMP. Victory marching, with a garland and a 
palm branch. --------------- AR 

8. 

Laureated female head. No legend.— iSev. Q. CAEPIO. BRVTVS. 
IMP. Two captives, at the foot of a trophy. ----- AR 

Of the gold types, No. 6 is by far the rarest. No. 2 is the least 
rare. — Nos. 1 and 7 are the rarest types in silver. Nos. 3 and 4 are the 
least rare* 



SESTIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAMILY, AFTERWARDS PLEBEIAN. FOUR VARIETIES. 

Silver R2 

Quinarii ------------------ R5 

Rare types : 

1. 

L. SESTI. PRO. Q. A chair, and the hasta: below, the modius. — 
Rev. Q. CAEPIO. BRVTVS. PRO. COS. A tripod, between the 
apex and the simpulum. (A qumarius), 

2. 

L. SESTI. PRO. Q. Veiled female head. — /?«;. Q. CAEPIO. 
BRVTVS. PRO. COS. Victory, holding a garland and a palm 
branch. (A quinarius), — Mus. Fmdob, 

3. 

Same head and legend.— i?et. Q. CAEPIO. BRVTVS. PRO. COS. 
A tripod, between the secespita and the simpulum. 

No. 2 is the rarest of the qumarii. 



SICINIA — SOSIA. 85 



SICINIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAMILY, AFTERWARDS PLEBEIAN— —THRBB VARIBTIES. 

Sflver Rl 

FORT. P. R. Female head to the right— i^^o. Q. SICINIVS. III. 
VIR. A pabn hranch, caduceus, and laurel garland. 

See also the family Coponia. 



SILIA. 

A PLBBEIAK FAMILY. FOUR ▼ARUTIB8. 

Gold R7 

Silver Rl 

First brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ---------C 

ROMA. Bust of Minerva, with spear and buckler : above, a crescent ; 
before, X. — Rev, P. NERVA. The enclosure of the Co- 
mitia. ARandAU 



SOSIA. 

A PLSBBIAN FAMILY. THREK VARIETIES. 

Second and third brass, with the head of M. Antony - - - - R 6 
Third brass, with the head of Bacchus --.------R8 

1. 

Bare head of Antony. No legend.— /2w. C. SOSIVS. IMP. A male 
and female captive, sitting at the. foot of a trophy. 

2. 

Bare head of Antony, to the right: behind, IMF.—Rev. C. SOSIUS. 
Q. An eagle, on a thunderbolt : a caduceus in the field. 

The coins of this family refer to the exploits of Sosius against the 
Jews ; for an account of which, see Josephus. 



86 SPURILIA — SULPICIA. 



SPURILIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNCSBTAIN RANK. ONB TYPE. 

SUver Rl 

Winged head of Minerya: behind (sometimes), X. — Rev, A. SPVRI. 
Diana, in a biga, at full speed. In the exergue, ROMA. 

STATIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWO VARIETIES. 

SUver R7 

Third brass R6 

Head of Neptune : behind, a trident — Rev, MVRCVS. IMP. A male 
figure in the toga, raising up a female at the foot of a military 
trophy. ----------------- AR 

There is a modem forgery of this coin. 

STATILIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNCERTAIN RANK. FOUR VARIETIES. 

Second brass (of Spanish fabric) ----------R6 

Third brass (Moneyers of Augustus ------_--C 



SULPICIA. 

A PATRICIAN AND PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TRIRTY-TWO VARIETIES. 

Gold R8 

Silver C 

Restored by Trajan ------------..Re 

Second and third brass ------ --R4 

Rare types in gold and silver : 

1. 
Veiled ftmale head : behind, S. C—'Rev, P. GALB. AED. CVR. (or 
AE. CVR.) The simpulum and secespita. ------AR 




SULPICIA. 87 

2. 
Another, with S. in the field, and the secespita and axe. - - - AR 

3. 

SER. SVLP. Head of Apollo.— i2». Two figures, one naked, the 
other in the toga, standing on each side of a naval trophy ; the arms 
of the naked figure hound behind him. ..----- AR 

4. 

L. SERVIVS. RVFVS. Bare male head, with short heard.— -Bet;. The 
dioflcnri, standing, each with a spear in his hand. No legend. AR 

5. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. --------- AR 

6. 

L. SERVIVS. RVFVS. Heads of the dioscuri, looking to the left.— 
Rev. The walls of a town, on the gate of which is inscribed, 
TVSCVL. AU 

7. 

Heads of the dioscuri? To the left, underneath, D. P. V.—Rev, C. 
SVLPICI. C. F. A sow, couchant, between two men armed with 
spears. In the field, A. ----------- AR 

Of the silver. No. 1 is the least rare. Nos. <3 and 4 are the rarest, 
excepting of course, the restored type. 



The following types, in brass, are in the cabinet of M. le Baron 
d'Ailly, and are quoted by Mionnet : 

1. 

IMP. DIVI. F. ACTIO. A military figure, standing, holding a spear, 
and resting his right foot on the prow of a vessel. — Rev, N ONI VS. 
SVLPICIVS. II. VIR. QVINQ. A curule chair. Second bran. 

2. 

D. P. P. Two heads, with beardless {aces,— Rev. C. SVLPI. C. F. 
Two figures, standing, leaning on their spears ; at their feet, a 
Victory. Tliird brass. 



88 TARQUITIA — THORIA. 

TARQUITIA. 

A PATRICIAN AND PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TWO VARIETIES. 

Silver ------------------R2 

C. ANN I. T. F. T. N. PRO. COS. EX. S. C. Head of Juno 
Moneta.— /?«?. C. TARQVITI. P. F. A woman in a biga, with 
a palm branch (or a whip) : in the field, Q. ; above, XXX. 

The other is without the numerals. 



TERENTIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. TOUKTEEN VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

First brass (see the Roman As) -----------Rl 

Second and third brass (see the Semis and the Quadrans) - - - R 1 
First brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ----------R4 

Rare types in silver : 

1. 
VARRO. PRO. Q. Bearded head, with diadem, in terminis. — Eev. 
VARRO. PRO. Q. AUkehead. 

2. 
VARRO. PRO. Q. Bearded head, as hetore.^Rev, MAGN. PRO. 
COS. A sceptre, between an eagle and a dolphin. (See No. 2, 
Pompeia). 

The first is much the rarest. 

(See also the families of Pompeia, and the coins of the money of 
Augustus). 



THORIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY TWO VARIETIES. 

Silver C 

I. S. M. R- Head of Juno-Sospita.— 7?<?t;. L. THORIVS. BALBVS. 
A bull, bounding ; above, P. 



r 



TITIA — ^TITURIA. 89 

TITIA. 

A PLKBKIAN FAMILY. SIX VAKIXTISS. 

Silver {Rev. A pegasus on a pedestal, inscribed Q. TITI.) - - C 

Restored by Trajan R6 

Quinarii, (similar Rev, to the denarii) --.-.-.-.Rl 
First brass (see the As) -.---. -------C 

TITINIA. 

A rATBICIAH AND PLEBEIAN FAMILT TWO VAKIBTIES. 

Silver Rl 

Second brass (see the Roman As) --------^-C 

Winged head of Minerva: behind, XVL^Rev. C. TITINI. Winged 
figure with a whip, driving a biga. 

TITURIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNCBBTAIN RANK. THIBTY-TH&ZE VAKIETIES. 

Silver (quinarii and denarii) ------------C 

All the types of this family are very common ; but there are two which 
deserve particular mention. — Obverse. SABIN. A. PV. Bearded head. — 
Rev. Two men, about to throw their shields upon a woman already 
sinking under a heap of shields : a crescent, and a star above. In the 
exergue, L. TITVRI. (Plate iU, No. 3). 

This coin commemorates the perfidy of Tarpeia, the daughter of 
Tarpeius, governor of the citadel of Rome. This woman agreed to 
deliver up the citadel to Tatiua, king of the Sabines, upon condition that 
she should receive what the Sabines wore on their left arms, meaning 
their gold bracelets. Tatius took her at her word ; and when he entered, 
threw his bracelet to her, and also his shield : his soldiers did the same ; 
and Tarpeia was crushed to death by their weight She was buried in 
the capitol; and the place was afterwards called the Tarpeian rock. Piso, 
however, says that Tarpeia was sacrificed by Tatius, in consequence of 
Ids suspecting her of an attempt to betray the Sabines to the Romans, 
while pretending to betray the Romans to their enemies. The moon and 
star, which are generally found on this coin, indicate the time of the 
occurrence. 



90 TREBANIA — VALERIA. 

The other has a similar head. — Rev, L. TITVRI. Two men, each 
carrying off a female; and commemorates the celebrated rape of the 
Sabines, from whom this family traced their descent (Plate nt, No, 4). 



• 



TREBANIA. 

A FAMILY or UNCBRTAIN RANK. FOUR VARIETIES. 

Silver Rl 

Second brass and third brass (see the Semis, Triens, and Quadrans) R 1 

Winged head of Minerva ; behind, X. — Rev. L. TREB ANI. Jupiter in 
a quadriga ; the thunderbolt in his right hand, the sceptre in his 
left In the exeigue, ROMA. 

TULLIA. 

A PATRICIAN AND PLEBEIAN FAMILY.— ^-^B RES VARIETIES. 

SUver Rl 

Restored by Trajan --------------Re 

Cittophori of Laodicea -------------- R6 

Second brass, with the head of Cicero (Colonial of M agnesia in Lydia) R 7 
Wmged head of Minerva ; behind, ROUA.^Rev, M. TVLLI. Victory, 

in a quadriga, holding a palm branch: above, a laurel garland; 

below, X. ---------------- AR 

VALERIA. 

A PATRICIAN AND PLEBEIAN FAMILY.^— 'THIRTY-FOUR VARIETIES. 

Gold (see the Moneyers of M. Antony) --------R8 

Silver -^ --...-. C 

Quinarii ------------------ R4 

Restored by Trajan ---------------R6 

Second and third brass (Moneyers of Augustus) ------ C 

Rare t3rpes, in silver : 

1. 

ACISCVLVS. Radiated head of Apollo; behind, a hammer.— JBev. 

L. VALERIVS. Diana, in a biga. 

2. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. 



VALERIA. 91 

3. 

ACISCVLVS. Youthful head, with diadem: above, a star; behind, a 
hammer ; the whole within a myrtle garland. — Itev, L. VALERI VS. 
Female head : the whole within a mjrrtle garland. 

4. 

A similar head, lymbolfl, and name, without the myrtle garland. — Rev, 
L. VALERIVS. Europa, riding on the bull. 

5. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. 

6. 

ACISCVLVS. Youthful head: behind, a hammer; above, a star. — 
JUv. A bird, with a helmed female head, holding two spears and a 

buckler. 

7. 

Winged female bust, with Caduceus.—i{et;. C. VAL. FLA. IMPERAT. 
EX. S. C. A legionary eagle, between two military ensigns ; IMP. 
CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER, DAC. P. P. REST. 

8. 

ACISCVLVS. Head of Jupiter; behind, a hammer.— /Sep. L. VALE- 
RIVS. A female ; her body terminating in two fishes* tails. 

9. 

Bust of Victory. —iZet;. ACISCVLVS. A hammer : the whole within a 
myrtle garland. (A ^marius), 

10. 

Bust of Victory: before, X.-^Rev. L. VALERI. FLACCI. Mars, 
walking to the left, holding in his right hand an ear of com ; in his 
left, a trophy : an ear of com on one side ; the apex on the other. 

11. 

MESSAL. F. Bust of Minerva seen behind, with her spear. — Rev, 
PATER, {or PATRE.) COS. S. C. Cunde chair, standing on the 
thyrsus. 

Excepting the restored coins, Nos. 9 and 11 are by far the rarest 
of the above types. 



92 VARGUNTEIA — VETURIA. 



VARGUNTEIA. 

A rAMiLT or vmaiowK kanx. thkcs ▼aeietibs. 

Silyer Rl 

Second and third brass (see the Semis, Triens, and Quadrans) - - C 

M. VARG. Winged head of Minerva: before, X,—Rev. ROMA. 
Figure in a quadriga. ------ ------ AR 



VENTIDIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. THREE VARIETIES. 

Silver (see the Moneyers of Marc Antony) -.-----B-6 



VETTIA. 

A FAMILY OP UNCERTAIN RANK. ONE TYPE. 

Silver R2 

SABINVS. S. C. Bare head with beard: before, AT. in monogram. — 
Rev, T, VETTIVS. IVDEX. A figure in abiga, holding a spear: 
behind, an ear of corn. 



VETURIA. 

A PATRICIAN FAMILY. THREE VARIETIES. 

Gold (denarii and qumarii) -------. ----R6 

Silver R2 

1. 
TI. VET (the last word in monogram). Bust of Minerva; X. — Rev. 
ROMA. A man on his knees, holding a sow, which two men, 
armed with spears, are touching with their daggers. - - - AR 



VIBIA. 93 

2. 
No legend. Two beardless heads, joined like those of Janus. — Rev, 
ROMA. The same type. ----------- AU 

3. 
The same type. (A quinarius). ----------- AU 

At the sale of the Earl of Morton's coins, No. 2 brought 5/. 5«., and 
No. 3, 9^ 158. The last was in fine preservation. 

VIBIA. 

A PLEBBIAN rAMILY. 8IVXNTT VARIITIXS. 

Gold R7 

SilTcr C 

First brass (see the Roman As) -----Rl 

Rare types, in gold and silver : 

1. 
No legend. Head of Bacchus.— -Rw. C. VIBI VS. V ARVS. A panther 
springing upon an altar, upon which are placed a head of Pan and 
the thyrsus. ---- ----------- AR 

2. 
Bearded Head of Hercules.— iZw. C. VIBIVS. VARVS. Minerva- 
Victrix standing: in her left hand, a Victory; in her right, a 
spear. ----------------- AR 

3. 
Bust of Minerva.— /Jw. C. VIBIVS. VARVS. Hercules standing, with 
his club and lion's skin. ------------ AR 

4. 
PANSA. Head of Pan; behind, a shepherd's crook.— i?ev. C. VIBIVS. 
C. F. C. N. JOVIS. AXVR. Jupiter Axur seated. - - - AR 

This coin presents us with a representation of Jupiter Axur, or Anxur, 
with a beardless face and laurel crown, and was probably copied from a 
statue of the time. 

5. 
LIBERTATIS. Laureated female head.— Rev. C. PANSA. C. F. C. N. 
Rome, sitting on bucklers, crowned by Victory, her left foot on a 
globe; at her feet a coat of mail. --------- AR 



94 VIBIA — VOCONIA. 

6. 
No legend. Head of Venus.— Aw. C. VIBIVS. VARVS. - - AU 

This coin, in gold, brought 10/. iO«. at the sale of the Earl of Morton's 
coins in 1830. The tjpe is common in silver. 

7. 
C. VIBIVS. C. F. Minerva in a quadriga.— i2w. PANSA. The 
same type. --------------.- AR 

8. 
C. VIBIVS. C. F. Head of Van.— Rev. PANSA. Bearded head, 
crowned with ivy leaves. ------------ AR 

9. 
C. PANSA. Head of Fan.—Rev. ALBINVS. BRVTI. F. Two heads 
joined, holding a caduceus. -----------AR 

10. 
Laureated female head.— Rev. C. VIBIVS. VARVS. Venus standing 
near a column, viewing herself in a mirror, which she holds in her 
left hand AR and AU 

11. 

Bust of Minerva, with spear and shield.— Rev. C. VIBIVS. VARVS. 
Nemesis, winged, holding her robe. ---..--. AU 

In silver, No. 8 is the rarest. 

See also, the coins of Antony and Octavius. 

VINICIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. FOUR YARISTIES. 

Silver R2 

CONCORDIAE. Laureated head of Concord.— iiei;. L. VINICI. 
Victory, walking to the right, with a palm branch, to which four 
garlands are attached. 

(See also the coins of the Moneyers of Augustus). 

VOCONIA. 

A PLEBEIAN FAMILY. ^THREE VARIETIES. 

Gold (see the Moneyers of Octavius) --------_R4 

Silver (see the Moneyers of Julius Caesar) --_.... R2 



VOLTEIA. 95 



VOLTEIA. 

A FAMILY OF UNKKOWN &AKK. ^THIRTT-FOUE TARIKTIES. 

Silrer C 

Scarce types: 1. 

Head of the young Heicnles in the lion's skin.— /2er. M. VOLTEI. M. F. 

A boar. 

2. 

Laureated female head.^—Rev. M. VOLTEI. M. F. A serpent entwined 
round a tripod : S. C. D. T. on either side. 

3. 
Head of Jupiter.— i^er. M. VOLTEI. M. F. A temple with four 
columns. 



UNCERTAIN COINS OF ROMAN FAMILIES. 

The following types are supposed to belong to Roman families; but as 
they do not bear any family name, they cannot be appropriated. 

1. 
Head of Minerva; behind, II. S. — Rev, ROMA. The dicscuri on 
horseback (segterthu), ------------ AR 

2. 
Hehned head of Mars; behind, X. — Bev. ROMA. An eagle on a 
thunderbolt AU 

3. 
Another, with XX. (Plate iff, No, 6). --- AU 

4«. 
Another, with *X. (Plate Hi, No. 5). AU 



< 



96 UNCERTAJN COINS OF ROMAN FAMILIES. 

4. 

Double head, with beardless face. — Eev. Jupiter with Victory in a 
quadriga, holding the sceptre, and launching the thunderbolt {In 
electrum). 

5. 

Double head, with beardless face. — Rev, ROMA, (the letters mde/Ued), 
Same type as the foregoing (a dirdrachm). ------AR 

6. 
Another of this type, but of inferior weight. (Plate it, No, 1). - AR 

7. 
Another, with the letters in relief. (Plate ii, No, 2). - - - - AR 

8. 
Another, with ROMA. (A denarius). --------- AR 

9. 
Head of Pallas: behind, X; below, ROMA. — Rev. Rome, sitting on 
bucklers, and leaning on a spear; at her feet, Romulus and Remus 
suckled by the wolf: on each side, a bird flying. - - - . AR 

10. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. ----------AR 

11. 
CONCORDIA. PRAETORIANORVM. A female stonding, holding 
a branch and a cornucopia.— iJe©. FIDES. EXERCITVVM. Two 
hands joined. --------------- AR 

12. 
G. P. R. Bearded head, with diadem ; behind, a sceptre. — Rev. MARS. 
VLTOR. Mars, in a defensive posture. - - .... aU 

13. 
GENIVS. Same head. — Rev. S. P. Q. R. within a civic crown. - AR 

14. 

GEN 10. P. R. Bare head, with beardless face, and a cornucopia. — Rev. 
PAX. Two hands, holding a caduceus and two cornucopiae. - AR 

15. 

GEN 10. P. R. Diademed head, with beardless face, and a cornucopia. 
Rev. MARTI. VLTORI. Mars, with spear and shield, in a 
defensive posture. -------------- AR 



r 



UNCERTAIN COINS OF ROMAN FAMILIES. 97 

16. 
LEIBERTAS. Female head. — Bev, Anchor and acrostolium. (A 
qumaruu). ---------------- AR 

17. 
LIBERTAS. RESTITVTA. Female head.— i^ev. S. P. Q. R. inacrihed 
on a buckler; the whole withm an oaken garland. - AR & AU 

18. 
BON. EVENl. Female head.— i2w. PACI. P. R. Two hands joined, 
holding a caduceus. ------------- AR 

19. 
MARS. VLTOR. Head of Mm.— Rev, SIGN A. P. R. A legionary 
eagle and an altar, between two military ensigns. - - AR & AU 

20. 
HISPANIA. Head of a female on a buckler : before, a palm branch ; 
behind, two arrows. — Rev. MARTI. VLTORI. Mars standing. AR 

21. 
VOLKANVS. VLTOR. Head of Vtdcan.—Rev, SIGNA. P. R, Same 
type as No. 19. -------------- AR 

22. 
VOLKANVS. VLTOR. Head of Vvdcaxi.—Rev, GENIO. P. R. 
Instruments of coining. ------------ AR 

23.* 
VESTA. P. R. QVIRITIVM. Veiled female head: before, a torch.— 
Rev, CAPITOLINVS. I. O. MAX. Jupiter seated in a 
temple. ----------------- AR 

24. 
PAX. ET. LIBERTAS. Two hands joined, holding a caduceus. — Rev, 
S. P. Q. R. within an oak garland. .-.-.... AR 

25. 
BON. EVENT. Female head.— Rev, ROM. RENASC. Rome stand- 
ing, holding a spear, and a Victory on a globe. ----- AR 

26. 
ROMA. BustofRome.—i?«;. I VPITER.CVSTOS. Jupiter seated. AR 

27. 
ROMA. Rome seated. — Rev, PAX. P. R. Two hands joined, holding 
a caduceus; two ears of com, and two poppies ----- AR 

VOL. I. H 



98 UHCERTAIH COINS OF ROMAN FAMILIES. 

28. 
ROMA. RESTITVTA. Helmed bead.—Rm. IVPITER. CONSER- 
VATOR, Jnpiter seated. ---- -AR 

20. 
SALVS. GT. LIBERTAS. Minerrs ttanding.— Am>. S. P. Q. R. 
within an oak garlud. ------------ AR 

30. 
Head of Mara. No legend.—Anr. SIGNA. P. R. Same type as 

Noa. 19and21. AR 

31. 
MARS. VLTOR. Head of Man.— Aw. S. P. Q. R. withiD an oak 
garland. ----- .......---. ar 

33. 
ROMA. RESTITVTA. Helmed head.— Aw. IVPITER. LIBERA- 
TOR. Jupiter, seated. --AR 

In gold. No*. 12, 15, 19, are the ramt Of the diver, Nol 11, 13, 
IS, 21, are the rarest, excepting No. 10, which is extremely rare. 

At the ule of the Trattlc collection. No. 4, highly preserved, brought 
iLi$.; No. 3, fine, 5/. Sj. 



r 



99 



NameSf Surnames^ and adopted Names, which occur on Consular 
Coins, with the Families to which they belong. 



NAME. 


FAMILY. 


NAME. 


FAMILY. 


ACISCVLVB - 


Valeria. 


Caepio - - 


- Servilia. 


Agrippa - - . 
Ahala - - - 


' Luna. 
[ Vipeania. 
Senrilia. 


Caesar - - 

Oaldys - - 
Calenys - - 


- Julia. 

- Coelia. 

- Fufia. 


Ahbmobarbvb 


Domida. 


Calvinvs - - 


• Domitia. 


Albinvs - - - 


Postaraia. 


Capxlla - - ' 


*• Naevia. 


Antiaticvs - - 


Maenia. 




C Fonteia. 


Aqvinys - - - 


Caecilia. 


Capito - - 


- ^ Maria. 


ASIAOENBS - - 


Conielia. 




^ Oppia. 


Atratinvs - - 


Sempronia. 


Capitounys - 


. PetiUia. 


AVGTRINVS - - 


Minutia. 


Carbo - - - 


• Papiria. 


AVIOLA - - - 


Acilia. 


Casca - - - 


- Senrilia. 


Bala - - - - 


Acilia. 


Cato - - - 


• Porcia. 




^Acilia. 


Catvllvs - - 


- Valeria. 




Antonia. 


Celer . . - 


- Cassia. 




Atia. 


Celsvs - - 


- Papia. 


Balbvs - - . I 


Coelia. 
Cornelia. 


Censorinvs - 
Cerco - - - 


- Marcia. 

- Lutatia. 




Mindia. 


Cestianys 


- Plaetoria. 




Naevia. 


Cethegys 


- Cornelia. 




kxhoria. 


Child. Cilo. - 


- Flaminia. 


Barbatys Sortb- 


Valeria. 


Cicero - - 


- TuUia. 


Bassys - - '] 


' Betilienus. 


CiNNA - - - 


- Cornelia. 


. Pompoaia. 


Cocles - - 


- Horatia. 


B1BVLY8 - - - 


Calpumia. 


CORBYLO - - 


- Domitia. 


Blandts - - - 


Rubellia. 


C0RDY8 - - 


- Mucia. 


Blasio - - - 


Cornelia. 


C0RNYTV8 


- Caecilia. 


BOLANVS - - - 


Vettia. 


C0S8Y8 - - - 


- Cornelia. 


Broccbvs - - 


Furia. 


CoSTA - - - 


- Pedania. 


Brvtts - - - 


Junia. 


COTTA - - - 


- Aurelia. 


BVCA - - - - 


Aemilia. 


CrASSIPE) - - 


- Furia. 


Byrsio - - - 
Caeicianys - - 


Julia. 
Cassia. 


Crassvs - - 


C Canidia. 
C Licinia. 



100 



CONSULAR COINS. 



NAME. 


FAMILY. 


Crispinvs - - 


Qainctia. 


CVLLEO - - - 


Terentia. 


DOLA BELLA - - 


Cornelia. 


DOSSBNVS - - - 


Rubria. 


Fabatvs - - - 


Roscia. 


Favstvlvs - - 


Pompeia. 


Favstvs - - - 


Cornelia. 


« 

Fblix - - - - 


Cornelia. 




fPomponia. 


Flaccvs - - - , 


Rutilia. 
Thoria. 




Valeria 


Florvs - - - 


Aquilia. 


Frvoi - - - - 


Calpurnia. 


Gal - - - - 


Memmia. 


Galba - - - 


Sulpicia. 




Asinia. 


Gallvs - - -' 


Caninia. 
Livineia. 




Ogulnia. 


Gem - - - - 


Aburia. 


Geta - - - - 


Hosidia. 


Glabrio - - - 


A cilia. 


Grac - - - - 


Antestia. 


Graccvs - - - 


Serapronia. 


Hemic - - - - 


Flavia. 


IIlSPANIENSIS - - 


Fabia. 


Hypsaevs - - - 


Plautia. 


Italicvs - - - 


Silia. 


JVDBX - - - - 


Vettia. 


JVNIANVS - - - 


Licinia. 


Labeo - - - - 


Fabia. 


Labi en vs - - 


Atia. 


Laeca - - - - 


Porcia. 


Lamia - - - 


Aelia. 


Lariscolvs - - 


Accoleia. 


Lentvlvs - - - 


Cornelia. 


Lepidvs - - - 


Aemilia. 




Marcia. 


LlBO ------ 


Scribonia. 
Junia ? 




Statilia 1 


LiClNVS - - - 


Porcia. 


LiBtETANVS . . 


Mamilia. 



NAME. 


FAMILY. 


Long IN vs 


- Cassia. 


L0NGV8 - - 


- Mussidia. 


LvCANVfl - - 


- Terentia. 


LvPERCVS 


. Gallia. 


Lvpva - - 


• Cornelia. 


' 


^ Claudia. 


Maceb - - 


- J Licinia. 




C SepuUia. 


Maonvs - - 


- Pompeia. 


Malleolvs - 


- Poblicia. 


Marcf.llinvs 


- Cornelia. 


Marcbllvs - 


- Claudia. 


Maridianvs - 


- Cossutiau 


Marsus - - 


- VibU. 


Maximvs - - 


€ Egnatia. 
■ I Fabia. 


Mensor - - 


- Farsuleia. 


Messalla 


- Valeria. 


Metellvs 


- Caecilia. 


Mold - - - 


- Pomponia. 


MVCIANVS 


- Licinia. 


MVRCVS - - 


- Statia. 


MVRENA - 


- Licinia. 


MVSA - - - 


- Pomponia. 


Naso - - - 


( Antonia. 
(Axia. 


Natta - - 


- Pinaria 




r Cocceia. 


Nerva - - 


- i Licinia. 




C Silia. 


Niger - - - 


- Vettia. 


N0NIANV8 


- Considia. 


Otho - - - 


- Salvia. 


Paetvs - - 


_ C Aelia. 
( Considia. 


Palicanvs 


- Lollia. 


Pans A - - - 


- Vibia. 


Paternvs - - 


- Fabricia. 


Pavllvs - - 


- Aemilia. 


Philippvs 


- Marcia. 


Philvs - - 


- Furia. 


PiCTOR - - 


- Fabia. 


Piso - - - 


- Calpurnia. 


Pmo - - - 


- Sempronia. 



CONSULAR COINS. 



101 











NAMB. 


FAMILY. 


NAME. 


FAMILY. 


Pivs - - - - 
Plancvs - - - 


r Caecilia. 
i Pompeia. 
C Munatia. 
( Plautia. 


SCAVRVS - • 

SciPio - - - 


_ C Aemilia. 

( Aurelia. 

C Caecilia. 
" ( Cornelia. 


Platoriivvs - - 


Sulpicia. 


Secvndvs - - 


- Arria. 


POLLIO ... 


Aninia. 


Sejanvs - - 


- Aelia. 


Paiacvs ... 

pROCLVS - - - 
PvLCHUt - - - 


Tarquitia. 

Sulpicia. 

Claudia. 


Ser ... 

S1LANV8 - - 


- Manila. 

^ ( Caecilia. 

1 Junia. 


PVBPVRBO - - 


Furia. 


SiLIANVS - • 


- Licinia. 


QVTNCTIUANVS - 


Nonnia. 


SILV8 . - - 


- Sergia. 


Recinfs ... 


Anlestia. 


SiSKNNA - - 


- Cornelia. 


Recvlvs . . - 


Livineia. 


Spintuer - - 


- Cornelia. 


Restio . - - 


Antia. 


Stolo . - - 


- Licinia. 


Rocvs - - - 


Crepereia. 
^Auielia. 


Strabo - - 

SVPKNVS . - 


- Volteia. 

- Nonia. 




Claudia. 


SVLLA ... 


- Cornelia. 




Cordia. 


SVLPICIANVS - 


- Quinctia. 




Lucilia. 


SVRDINVS - - 


- Naevia. 




Maecia. 


Tampilvs - - 


- Baebia. 


RVFVS - - - - ^ 


Mesciaia. 
Miaucia. 


Tavrvs . - 
Therm vs 


- Statilia. 

- Minucia. 




Pacuvia. 


T0HQVATV8 - 


. Manlia. 




Plotia. 


Trigeminvs - 


- Curiatia. 


RVLLVS - - - 


Pompeia. 
Pomponia. 
^Sulpicia. 
Servilia. 


Trio - - - 
Troovs - - 

TVBVLVS - - 


C Luoretia. 
~ ( Aburia. 
. Maria. 
- Hostilia. 


Rvs - - - - 


Aufidia. 


TVLLUS - - 


- Maecilia. 


( 


Minatia. 


TVRDVS - - 


- Papiria. 


Sabinvs - - - J 


Tituria. 


TVRPILIANVS - 


- Petronia. 


I 


. Vettia. 


Vaala - - 


- Numonia. 


Sabtla ... 


Cossutia. 


Varro - - 


' Terentia. 


Salinatob • - 
Saranvs . . - 


Oppia. 
Atilia. 


Varvs - - • 


5 Plancia. 
■ I Vibia. 


Sasebna ... 


HostiUa 


Vktvs - - - 


" Antistia. 


Sattrhinvs - - 


Sentia. 


VlTVLUS - - 


. Voconia. 


Sgarpvs ... 


Pinaria. 







r 



ROMAN EMPERORS, 

CAESARS, EMPRESSES, AND USURPERS. 



CNAEIUS POMPEIUS. 

[Son of Pompeius Strabo and Lucilia. Born in the year of Rome 648, 
(before Christ 106). He had tlie mimame of " Great" given him by 
Sylla, in consequence of his exploits in the war between the Dictator 
and Caius Maiius, in the year of Rome 673. He formed one of the 
first triumvirate, with Caesar and Crassus, in 694. Having been 
defeated by Caesar at the battle of Pharsalia, he fled into Egypt, 
where he was murdered by order of Ptolemy, the king of that country, 
in the year of Rome 706. Before Christ, forty-eight years]. 

Style on Coins : MAGN VS. ^MAGN. (or MAGNVS). PRO- 
COS. CN. MAGN. (or MAGNVS.) IMPERATOR.* 

Gold, with the head of Afiica R6 

Silver, with his head --------------R2 

„ restored by Trajan ------------Rg 

„ without his head, of the fiunilies of Pompeia and Terentia R 1 



* In the list of titles, those of Consul, Augur, and Pontifez Mazimus, as also 
the record of tribunitian power, are omitted for the sake of brevity ; but that of 
Impeiatoris retained, as shewing the victories obtained by the Roman Emperors. 
The words, ITER. PER. etc. ; or the numerals, II. III. are however omitted. 
When the titles are carried to the reverx of the coin, they will be distinctly 
noted as such, but otherwise they relate only to the obvene. These titles, 
it should be obfierved, are all given in the nominative, although they often 
occur in another case. 



104 CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR. 

First brass (PlaU m, No. I). R 1 

Second brass ----------------Ri 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
MAG. PIYS. IMP. ITER. Bare bead of Pompey to the right, between 
the lituus and praefericulum.— i2et;. PRAEF. ORAE. MARIT. 
ET. CLAS. S. C. (or, on others, PRAEF. ORAE. MARIT. ET. 
CLAS. EX. S. C; or, PRAEF. CLAS. ET. ORAE. MARIT. 
EX. S. C). Anapius and Amphinomus:* between them, Nep- 
tune ; his right foot resting on the prow of a vessel ; the acrostolium 
in his right hand. (Plate m. No. 7). ------- AR 

2. 
The same type, restored by Trajan ---------- AR 

This very rare coin is quoted by Mionnet from the cabinet of M. 
Gosselin of Paris. 

3. 
MAGNVS. The head of Africa, between the praefericulum and the 
lituus, within a ]aiu*e] garland. — Rev. PROCOS. A figure, in a 
quadriga; above, Victory. ----------- AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 300 francs. There is a modem forger}' of the 
gold type. 



CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR. 

[Caius Julius Caesar, son of C. J. Caesar and Aurelia, was boni in the 
year of Rome 654 (B. C. 100). He formed one of the first triumvirate 
in the year 694. Defeated Pompey at Pharsalia in 706; and was 
named, subsequently, Dictator for one year. Created Perpetual Dic- 
tator in 710, and assassinated in the senate-house in the same year 
(B. C. 44)]. 



* Anapis and Amphinorous were two brothers, who, when Catana was in 
flames in consequence of an irruption of Mount Etna, bore off their parents on 
their shoulders. This act of filial piety obtained for diem divine honours in 
Sicily. Greek coins of Catana bear this type. 



CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR. 105 



Styl*: CAESAR, (or C. CAESAR.) C. CAESAR. C. P.- 



CAESAR (or C. CAESAR.; or C. IVUVS. CAESAR.) IM. 

(or IMP. or IMPER.) CAESAR. DIC. CAESAR, (vel 

C. CAESAR.) DIC. TER, CAES. (or CAESAR.) DIC. 

QVAR. (or DIC. QVART.) CAES. (or C. CAESAR,) 

Die. (or DICT.) PER. (or PERP. or PERPET. or PERPETVO.) 

CAESAR. IM. (or IMP. or IMPER.) DICT. PERPETVO. 

CAESAR. PARENS. PATRIAE. ^DIVVS. IVLIVS. 

DIVVS. IVLIVS. CAESAR. 

Gold, qiiiDarii and denarii, of the families of Hirtia, Julia, andMunatia; 
without his head ------------Ri 

„ with his head --------------Rg 

„ with the head of Marc Antony on the reverse - - - - R 7 

„ restored hy Trajan, with Nemesis on the reverse - - - R 6 
„ with his head, and a Venus on the reverse, restored by Trajan R 7 

Silver, with his head --------------R2 

„ without his head (denarii and quinarii) - - - . - - C 

First brass, with his head, and that of Augustus on the reverse (Plate iv, 

No.l), - - - R 1 

„ with his head only -----------R2 

„ with the prow of a vessel, on reverse ------R4 

The commonest coins of Caesar, are those witli the reverse of Eneas 
cairying Anchises, and the elephant; but they are very rare, when 
restored by Trajan. The coin, with a comet on the reverse^ quoted by 
the early Numismatic writers, is false. 

RARE REVERSES, IN GOLD AND SILVER. 

1, 
lET. Head of Venus.— i20o. CAESAR. A trophy, and an axe. AR&AU 

2. 
IIT. The same head.^Bev. CAESAR. A captive, at the foot of 
a trophy. __---_-.-------- AR 

3. 
III. Veiled female head: behind, the simpulum. — Rev. CAESAR. A 
military trophy, between a garland and a shield. (Quinarius). AR 



106 CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR. 

4. 

Female head. No legend. — Rev. CAESAR. IMP. A trophy, and 
arms ------------------ AR 

5. 

C. CAES. Die. TER. Bust of Victory.— /iw. L. PLANC. PRAEF. 
VRB. The praefericulum. (Quinaritu), ------ AU 

6. 

PAX. S. C. Female head.— iJei;. L. AEMILIVS. BVCA. IIII. VIR. 
Two hands joined. (Quinarius), --------- AR. 

7. 

DIVOS. IVLI VS. DIVI. F. The heads of Caesar and Augustus, face 
to ^ce—Bev, M. AGRIPPA. COS. DESIG. in the field. (PlaU m, 
No.S). AR&AU 

Valued hy Mionnet at forQr-eight francs. Brought 11. 16s. at the sale 
of the Henderson collection. 

8. 
DIVVS. IVLIVS. Head of Caesar.— iJer. As ahove. - - - AU 

9. 
M. ANTON. IMP. Head of M. Antony : behind, the lituus. AR & AU 

This coin is sometimes found plated on copper. 

10. 
L. BVCA. Venus standing, holding the hasta, and a Victory. - AR. 

11. 
L. BVCA. Venus seated, holding the hasta, and a Victory. - - AR 

12. 
L. BVCA. Globe, caduceus, two hands joined, an axe, &c. - - AR 

13. 
Laureated head of Caesar: in the field, S. C.—Rev. CAESAR. DIVI. 
A female standing, holding an olive branch and a cornucopia. AR 

14. 

C. CAESAR. Veiled head of J. Caesar.— /2er. No legend. Pontifical 
instruments. - ----- -- AU 



CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR. 107 

16. 
C. CAESAR. COS. PONT. A VG. Bare head of Augustus. - - AU 

16. 
P. CLODIVS. M. F. Mars standing. AR 

17. 

CAESAR. PARENS. PATRIAE. Veiled head of J. Caesar : before, the 
Ktuus.— iJ«. C. COSSVTIVS. MARIDIANVS. A. A. A. F. F. in 
the field AR 

18. 

DIVOS. IVLIVS. Head of Caesar, between the apex and the lituus. 
— iler. DIVI. FILIVS. Bare head of Augustus. - - - - AU 

19. 
L. FLAMINIVS. IIII. VIR. A female standing, holding the haste 
pura and a caduceus. ------------- AR 

20. 
L. LIVINEIVS. REGVLVS. A buU, butting. AR 

21. 

CAESAR. DICT. PERPETVO. VeQed head of Caesar.— jBw. C. 
MARIDIANVS. Venufr-Victrix, standing : at her feet, a buckler, 
resting on a globe. ----------- AR & AU 

22. 
Another, with CAESAR. DICT. IN. PERPETVO. - - - - AR 

23. 
Another, with CAESAR. DICT. IN. PERPETVVM. - - - - AR 

24. 
M. METTIVS. Venus standing, with a buckler. - - - AR & AU 

25. 
M. METTIVS. Juno-Sospita, in a car drawn by two horses. - AR 

26. 

L. MVSSIDIVS. LONGVS. A globe, caduceus, apex, cornucopia, 
and rudder. --------------- AR 

There is a false coin in gold, probably cast from this type. 



n 



108 CNAEIUS POMPEIUS THE SON. 

27. 
L. MVSSIDIVS. LONGVS. CLOACIN. A male and female figure, 
within an enclosure. ------------- AR 

Valued by Mionnet atTorty-eight francs. 

28. 
TI. SEMPRONIVS. GRACCHVS. Q. DESIG. S. C. A plow, 
military ensign, Roman eagle, and sceptre. AR 

29. 
P. SEPVLLIVS. MACER. Venus, standing. AR 

30. 
P. SEPVLLIVS. MACER. A horseman, guiding two horses : behind, 
a pabn-branch and a garland.— i2eo. CLEMENTI A£. CAESARIS. 
A temple. ---------------- AR 

31. 
Q. VOCONIVS. VITVLVS. A calf. AR & AU 

The coin of this type, restored by Vespasian, is false. 

32. 
Q. VOCONIVS. VITVLVS. a DESIG. S. C. A calf. - - - AR 

33. 
CAESAR. DI. Laureated head of Caesar: behind, the praefericulum. 
— Eev, No legend. A like head. --------- AR 

The silver coin, with Caius and Lucius Caesar, on horseback, legend 
C. L. CAESARES. PRINC. IVVENT. is suspected. 

In gold, Nos. 7, 8, 9, are the rarest : Nos. 14, 15, and 18, are next in 
rarity. — In silver, Nos. 7 and 27 are much the rarest ; the next in rarity 
are 23, 25, and 33; then Nos. 13, 16, 21, 30, and 31. 



CNAEIUS POMPEIUS THE SON. 

[Son of Pompey the Great. The time of his birth is not known. He 
fell at the battle of Munda, in Spain, in the year of Rome 709. (B. C. 
45)]. 

Silver, with his head ----- .---Re 

„ without his head --- Rl 



CNAEIUS POMPEIUS, THE SON. 109 

Style : CN. MAGNVS. IMP.' 

1. 
CN. MAGNVS. IMP. F. Bare head of Cnaeius Pompey.— /Z^o. M. 
MINAT. SABIN. PR. Q. An anned figure, bare headed, landing 
firmn a Teasel, and joining hands with a female wearing a turreted 
crown; at their feet, armour and weapons. 

2. 
CN. MAGNVS. IMP. A like head. M. MINAT. SABIN. PRO. Q. 
Same ^rpe. 

3. 
CN. MAGNVS. IMP. Same head.— Rev, M. MINAT. SABI. PR. Q. 
Two figures, standing : one bare headed, the other wearing a turreted 
crown ; at their feet, a female with a turreted crown, kneeling. 

4. 
CN. MAGNVS. IMP. The same hesA.^Rev, M. MINAT. SABL 
(or SABIN.) PR. Q. Two figures : one bare headed and armed 
with a spear, the other with a turreted crown ; a female bearing a 
trophy, and crowning the first. 

5. 
CN. MAGNV . . . IMP. B. Bare male head.— /?«;. M. MINAT. 
SABI .... A male figure in a military habit, standing between 
two females, one of whom kneels to him in the act of presenting a 
petition, which he appears to have accepted ; whi]e the other female 
beckons him, as desirous of withdrawing his attention from the 
kneeling figure. (Plate lii. No. 9). 

6. 
M. PVBLICI. LEG. PRO. PR. Helmed head of Minerva.— iJw. An 
armed figure, bare headed, standing on the prow of a vessel, and 
receiving a palm branch from a female bearing two spears, and a 
buckler. 



* This title, given by Sylla to Fompeius Magnus, descended by hereditary 
right tD his son. It is simply a military title, and was never used as a prenoroen 
before the reign of Augustus, who first assumed it as a mark of supreme power. 
The word Imperator is found on early consular coins, but then it follows the 
names, and is never placed before them. 



110 CNAEIUS POMPEIUS, THE SON. 

No. 5 is in the cabinet of J. Bramell, Esq., and is remarkable for the 
letter B. It presents a portrait closely resembling that on the denarius 
described and engraved by Pinkerton; but, instead of ''IMP. F." as 
given by that writer, it has, in very distinct characters, IMP. B. Morell 
gives a coin with the letter P. after the IMP. ; and Pinkerton, vol. ii. 
page 277, supposes that Morell mistook the P. for an F. ; but the two 
coins are from different dies, and the arrangement of their legends is also 
different " If," says the possessor of this curious coin, " supposition be 
at all admitted, I might suppose that some ingenious rogue had touched 
the P. in Pinkerton's denarius with a graver, and converted it into an F. 
to enhance the value of the coin ; an operation very easily effected. I 
avow myself however, innocent of this suspicion, and refer the appeal^ 
ance of these letters (B. F. P.) to the use made of letters and figures of 
various sorts, by very many consular mint masters, in distinguishing 
their dies." Mr. Brumell gives it as his decided opinion, that the 
discrimination between the two portraits is still in doubt, and likely to 
remain so; and that the letter F. relied upon by Pinkerton, to distinguish 
the portrait of Pompey the son, from that of his father, does not furnish 
the abbreviation of JiUus. Added to this, one of the portraits on the 
reverse of his gold coin, is extremely like that of the obverse; and it does 
not appear likely that the effigy on the obverse should be repeated on 
the reverse, in company with one of his sons, whilst the other son should 
be altogether neglected ; an observation equally applicable to the sup- 
position, that the obverse represents the portrait of Cnaeius the son. With 
respect to the reverse of the coin in question, Morell supposes the petition 
to be a crown, and necessarily alters the meaning of the type; but, that it 
is a petition, or written instrument, appears very plain from this denarius, 
which shews four minute, but distinct lines, drawn across the object 
termed by Morell a crown. This slight difference in the represented 
tjrpe (for it is probable that no real difference exists in the reverses), may 
arise frt)m defect in the preservation of Morell*s specimen, and suggests 
a different interpretation. " I should describe," says Mr. Brumell, " the 
reverse, as bearing the personification of the East, inviting Pompey to 
relieve that region, oppressed by Mithridates,— an invitation which he 
appears to decline; and points to the kneeling figure, whose petition claims 
priority of attention." But what country does this kneeling figure typify ? 
Morell tells us it is Spain presenting a crown to Pompey, who, by 
pointing to that badge, affords an assurance of victory or success to the 



r 



SEXTUS POMPEIUS. Ill 

apptication of the East; but the lupplicating figure does not appear to be 
Spun; — ^her attributes, at least, are wanting. It is probably Cilicia, who 
implores the aid of Pompey; that country being ravaged by pirates, 
whose power was crushed by the Roman general, immediately before he 
obtained the command in the Mithridatic war. 



SEXTUS POMPEIUS. 

[Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey the Great; bom in the year of Rome 
689 (B. C. 65). Defeated at the battle of Munda in 709. Received 
from the senate the title of prsefect of the fleet in 710. Proscribed 
two yean after, as one of the conspirators concerned in the death of 
Caesar. Defeated by Octavius and Antony in the year 718 ; after 
which he fled into Asia, where he was put to death by order of Antony, 
in the year 719 (B. C. 35)]. 

Style : S. POMP. MAGN- [On reverse, fivs. imp.] MAG. {or 

MAGNV. or SEX MAG.) PIVS. IMP. [On the reverse, fraep. 
CLAS. ET. ORAE. MARiT.]— NEPTVNI. (by implication, JiUut), 

Gold, with the heads of his fiither and brother ->->--R6 

Silver, with his head only, and without his name R 2 

„ with lus head, and name ----------R4 

„ without his head, of the family of Pompeia ----- R 1 

The gold coins of Sextus Pompey, with his head only, are false, being 
cast from the silver coin. No. 1 . 

1. 

MAG. PIVS. IMP. ITER. Bare head of S. Pompey, within an oak 

garland.— jRev. PRAEF. CLAS. ET. ORAE. MARIT. EX. S. C. 

Bare heads of Pompey the Great and Cnaeius, face to face, between 

a tripod and the lituus. {Plate iU, No. 10). ..... AU 

There were ihree coins of this type in the Trattle collection. The 
finest brought but six guineas. Mionnet values them at 400 francs. 
There are many modem fabrications. 

2. 
MAG. PIVS. IMP. ITER.. Head of Neptune : behind, a trident.— 
Rev, PRAEF. CLAS. ET. ORAE. MARIT. EX. S. C. A naval 
trophy. ----------------- AR 



112 MARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS. 

8. 

MAG. PIVS. IMP. IT£R. A column, surmouiited by a statue of 

Neptune, placed on a galley.— iZcv. PRAEF. ORAE. MAHIT. EX. 

CLAS. S. C. The monster Scylla, striking with the rudder of a 

vessel. --------------.-- aK 

4. 
SEX. MAG. PIVS. IMP. SAL. Head of Sextus.— i2«. PIETAS. 
A female standing, holding a spear and a palm branch. - - AR 

5. 
NEPTVNI. Bare head of Sextus Pompey: below, a dolphin; before, 
a trident — Bev, Q. N ASIDIVS. A galley, with the sail spread ; 
a star in the field. ------------- AR 



^ARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS. 

[Son of Marcus Junius Brutus, and Servilia the daughter of Cato, was 
adopted by his maternal uncle, Q. Servilius Caepio. Bom in the year 
of Rome 669 (B. C. 85). Fought under Pompey, at the battle of 
Pharsalia, in the year 706. Assisted at the murder of Caesar in 710. 
Defeated by Antony and Octavius, at the battle of Philippi, after which 
he slew himself, in the year of Rome 712 (B. C. 42)] . 

Style: BRVTVS. BRVT. (or BRVTVS.) IMP. M 

BRVTVS. IMP. Q. CAEP. BRVT. (or CAEPIO. BRVTVS.) 

IMP. Q. CAEPIO. BRVTVS. PROCOS. 

Gold, with the heads of the elder Brutus and Marcus Brutus - - R 8 
Silver, with the head of Brutus -----------Rg 

„ with the head of Liberty -----------R4 

The same type, restored by Trajan ----------R,7 

(See also the family Junia). 

RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
LIBERTAS. Head of Liberty.— JKw. P. R. RESTIT. A cap, and two 
daggers. AR 



r 



CA88IUS — LEPI DUS. 113 

2. 
M. BRVTVS. IMP. COSTA. LEO. Bare head of M. Bnitui, within 
an oak garland.— i{«9. L. BRVTVS. PRIM. COS. Bare head of 
L. Brutus, within an oak garland. ..-..-..- AU 

3. 
BRVT. IMP. L. PLAET. CEST. Head of Marcus Brutus.— -Bw. 
EID. MAR. A cap of Liberty between two daggers. - - AR 

A fine coin of this tjrpe brought 71. 5a. at the sale of the Tratde 
collection. There is no rare Roman coin of which there have been more 
imitations than this. That from which the engraving {Vtgnette^p. 98) was 
made, is in the collection of Mr. Thomas, and is undoubtedly authentic. 
Pinkerton's test is not infallible : he probably never saw a genuine coin 
of this type. 

CAIUS CA8SIUS LONGINUS. 

[The time of his birth, which was patrician, is not known. He fought 
under Pompey at the battle of Pharsalia in 706, and assisted in the 
destruction of Caesar in 710. He was defeated at the battle of 
PhiHppi, and received his death from the hand of his freedman, in the 
year of Rome 712 (B. C. 42)]. 

Stub: CASSI. IMP. C. CASSL (or CASSEI.) IMP. 

C. CASSI. PR. COS. 

Gold, with the head of Liberty -----------R4 

Silver Rl 

C. CASSI. IMP. A tripod, with the cortina.— iler. LENTVLVS. 
SPINT. The lituns and the praefericulum. ..... AR 

See the families Cassia, Cornelia, and Servilia. 



MARCUS AEMILIUS LEPIDUS. 

[The year of his birth is unknown, but his family was patrician. He 
joined Caesar against Pompey ; and after the death of Caesar, formed, 
with Octavius and Antony, the second triumvirate, in the year of 
Rome 711 (B. C. 43). Lepidus was deprived of his title by Augustus, 
and banished to Cerceii in the year 718. He died in privacy in the 
year of Rome 741 (B. C. 13)]. 

vol.. I. I 



114 LEPIDUS — M. ANTONIUS. 

Style.— M. LEP. M. LEP. IMP. LEPIDVS. (or M. LEP.) 

III. VIR. R. P. C. 

Gold R8 

Silver, with the reverse of OctaviuB -------.- R4 

,, without the head of OctaviuB ---------R5 

,, with the head of Marc Antony on reverse ----- R 5 

1. 
LEPIDVS. PONT. MAX. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Lepidus. 
—Rev, CAES. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Oc- 
tavius. AU&AR 

2. 
Mionnet quotes another firom the cabinet of M. Gossellin, with III. 
VIR. R. R. C. (ret romanae amstUuendae), 

3. 

M. LEPIDVS. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Lepidus.— ii«». L. 

MVSSIDIVS. T. F. LONG VS. I III. VIR. A. P. F. A warrior, 

naked ; his foot on a buckler, holding a spear and the parazonium. 

AU& AR 
4. 

L. MVSSIDIVS. LONGVS. A cornucopia. AU 

5. 
M. LEPIDVS. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Lepidus — Rev. L. 
REGVLVS. IIII. VIR. A. P. F. A female, standmg, holding 
the hasta and the simpulum. ---------- AU 

6. 
M. LEPIDVS. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Lepidus : behmd, 
the aspergillum and simpulum.— i2<w. M. ANTONIVS. III. VIR. 
R. P. C. Bare head of M. Antony. AU & AR 



MARCUS ANTONIUS. 

[Marcus Antonius was son of M. Antonius Creticus, and grandson of 
Antonius the orator, kiUed in the civil wars of Marius. He was bom 
about the year of Rome 671 (B. C. 83), fought with Caesar against 
Pompey at Phatsalia in 706, and formed one of the second trium- 
virate in 711. Antonius was defeated at the battle of Actium by 
Octavius in 723 ; and having fled into Egypt, he slew himself in the 
same year (B. C. 31)]. 



r 



MARCUS ANTONIUS. 115 

Style : ANTONI. (or ANTONIVS). [On reverse, Bometimes iii. 

▼!». R. F. c] M. ANTON. [On reverse, in. vik. k. f. c] 

ANT. (or ANTONI, or ANTONIVS). IMP. [On reverse, some- 
times III. viR. R. F. c] M. ANT. {or ANTO. or ANTON. 

or ANTONI. or ANTONIVS). IMP. [On reverse, sometimes 

m. TiR. R. p. c] M. ANTONIVS. M. F. M. N. IMP. [On 

reverse, sometimes, in. tir. r. f. c] ANT. III. VIR. R. P. C. 

^M. ANTONIVS. III. VIR. R. P. C. ^ANT. {or ANTON. 

M. ANT. or M. ANTON, or M. ANTONIVS.) IMP. {or IM- 

PER.) III. VIR. R. P. C. M. ANTONIVS. M. F. III. VIR. 

R- P. C. M. ANTON. IMP. R. P. C. (by impUcation, III. 

VIR.) 
Odd, without his head (see the families of Antonia, Legions, &c.) R 8 
„ with his head --------------R4 

„ with the reverse of his son ----------R8 

„ reverse of Cleopatra (dubious) ......... R8 

Silver, medallions, with the head of Cleopatra ......R5 

„ of the usual size, without his head (family Antonia) - - C 
with his head -------------. S 

reverse of Geopatra -------. .---R4 

„ reverse of Lucius Antonius ----------R4 

Second brats, with the head of Ang;ustns ........Ri 

with the head of Cleopatra ....... R4 






>» 



SILVER MEDALLIONS, STRUCK IN ASIA. 

1. 
III. VIR. R. P. C Head of Cleopatra (or Octavia) on a cistus between 

two serpents. 

2. 

M. ANTONIVS. IMP. COS. DESIG. ITER, ET. TERT. The 

heads of Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra (or Octavia) to the right — 

Rev. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bacchus, standing on the cistus, between 

two serpents. 

3. 

No legend. A bow, quiver, and two serpents. 
Mionnet values No. 2 at seventy-two francs, and Nos. I and 3 at sixty. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE. 

1. 
ANTONIVS. AVG. IMP. III. In the field. AR 

i2 



116 MARCUS ANTONIUS. 

2. 
M. ANTONIVS. III. VIR. R. P. C. Radiated head of the mm. AR 

3. 
M. ANTON. IMP. AVG. III. VIR. R. P. C. Head of Antonius.— 
Rev. C. CAESAR. IMP. PONT. III. VIR. R. P. C. Head of 
Octavius. -------------- AU &: AR 

4. 
ANTONIVS. IMP. Bare head of Marcus Antonius.— jRev. CAESAR. 
IMP. Bare head of Octavius. AU 

5. 
No legend. Head of Antony.— jRev. AVGVSTVS. The sign Capri- 
comus. ----------------- AR 

6. 
M. ANTON. IMP. AVG. III. VIR. R. P. C. The lituus and the 
praefeiiculum.— jRev. L. PLANCVS. IMP. ITER. The praeferi- 
culum between a thunderbolt and a caduceus. - - - AU & AR 

7. 
L. PLANCVS. PRO. COS. The same type. - - - - AU & AR 

8. 
M. ANTONIVS. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. AVG. Bare head of 
M. Antonius. — /Zeo. C. CAESAR. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. 
PONT. AVG. Bare head of Octavius. AU 

9. 
CAESAR. Die. Head of Julius Caesar: behind, the praefericulum. 

AU&AR 

10. 
CAESAR. IMP. A caducous, winged. AR 

11. 

M. ANT. IMP. AVG. III. VIR. R, P. C. L. GELL. Q. P. Head 

of Antonius : behind, the praefericulum.— i{e9. CAESAR. IMP. 

PONT. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of Octavius : behind, 

the lituus. AU&AR 

12. 
The coin which reads BARBATVS, with a type similar to the above, is 
not so rare as that with GELL. ..-.-... AU 



MARCUS ANTONIU8. 117 

13. 
M. ANTON. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of M. Antoniiu.— 
Bev. CAESAR. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head <^ Oo- 
tavius. AU&AR 

14. 
Another, with JUv. M. ANT. IMP. III. VIR. R. P. C. A winged 
cadnceus, and two comucopiae. --.....-- AR 

15. 
P. CLODIVS. M. F.,IIII. VIR. Mara, standing. - - - - AU 

16. 

P. CLODIVS. M. F. nil. VIR. A. P. F. A male figure, standing. 

AU 
17. 

P. CLODIVS. M. F. III. VIR. A. P. F. A winged Genius, standing, 

hearing a trophy and a caduceus ; at his feet an eagle and arms. AU 

18. 
P. CLODIVS. M. F. A military figure, standing, holding a spear and 
the parazonium. -------------- AR 

19. 
CLEOPATRAE. REGINAE, REGVM. FILIORVM. REGVM. 
Head of Cleopatra. AR 

20. 
ON. DOMIT. AHENOBARBVS. IMP. Prow of a vessel: ahove, a 
star. AR 

21. 
IMP. TER. A trophy. AR 

22. 
IMP. TERTIO. III. VIR. R. P. C. A tiara. AR 

23. 
M. ANTONIVS. M. F. M. N. AVGVR. IMP. TER. A figure in 
the toga, holding the lituus. — Rev. III. VIR. R. P. C COS. 
DESIG. ITER. ET. TERT. Head of the sun. - - AU & AR 

24. 

M. ANTONIVS. M. F. M. N. AVG. IMP. TER. A military 

figure, standing. — /J«7. III. VIR. R. P. C. COS. DESIC. 

(»c). or DESG. ITER. ET. TERT. A lion, holding a sword in 

his right paw : ahove, a star. ---------- AU 



118 MABCUS ANTON1U8. 

25. 

M. ANTONIVS. HI. VIR. R. P. C. Head of die bud.— iZev. No 
legend. Bare head of M. Antony, and the titans . . - - AR 

26. 
III. VIR. R. P. C. The head of the aun, within a temple. AR & AU 

27. 

L. MVSSIDIVS. T. F. LONGVS. IIII. VIR. A. P. F. A miUtary 
figure, standing. ------------ -- AU 

28. 

L. MVSSIDIVS. IIII. VIR. LONGVS. A cornucopia fiUed with 
fruit ----- AU 

29. 
PIETAS. COS. Fortune, standing; her right hand holding a rudder; 
a cornucopia on her left arm ; at her feet, an ihis. - AR & AU 

30. 
PIETAS. COS. A female, standing; a lantern in her right hand; ou 
her left arm, a cornucopia. --..-..- AR & AU 

31. 
L. REGVLVS. IIII. VIR. A. P. F. A man sitting on a rock; a 
buckler at his feet. -----.-------- AU 

32. 
Veiled head of M. Antony, between the lituus and the praefericulum. — 
Bev. P. SEPVLLIVS. MACER. A man on horseback, conducting 
another horse ; a palm branch, and garland. AR 

33. 
M. SILANVS. Q. P. COS. in the field. AR 

34. 
SOSIVS. IMP. A trophy, between two captives, male and female. AR 

This coin records the victory of Sosius over Antigonus, in Jerusalem. 
Josephus tells us that the conqueror treated Antigonus when he came 
down from the citadel, with scorn and contempt, and that having 
dedicated a crown of gold to God, he led Antigonus away in bonds 
to Antony. 




OCTAVIA. 119 

35. 

D. T VR. Victory, standing, holding a palm bnmch, and garland ; the 
whole within a garland. ------------ AR 

36. 
P. VENTI. PONT. IMP. A naked male fignre, standing, holding a 
branch and a spear. -.---------- AR 

37. 
C. VIBIVS. VARVS. A female, seated. AR 

38. 
C. VIBIVS. VARVS. A female, standing, holding a Victory, and a 
cornucopia. ---------------- AR 

In gold, Nos. 9 and 28 are much the rarest types : the next in rarity, 
are Nos. 4, 8, 11, 13, and 31 ; then Nos. 12, 23, and 24. In silver. No. 
36 is much the rarest : the next in rarity are Nos. 19 and 34 ; then Nos. 
5, 9, and 37. 



OCTAVIA. 

[Octa^ia was daughter of Octavius and Atia, and sister of Augustus the 
Emperor. She married Antonius after the death of her first husband 
MarceQus, in the year of Rome 714 (B. C. 40). Antonius divorced 
her in 722, having attached himself to Cleopatra. She died, as is sup- 
posed, of grief, for the loss of her son Marcellus, in the year of Rome 
743-4 (about ten years, B. C.)]. 

COS. DESIGN. ITER. ET. TER. III. VIR. R. P. C. Head of 
Octavia; to the right, M. ANTONIVS. M. F. M. N. AVGVR. 
IMP. TER. Bare head of M. Antony, to the right. - - - AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 1200 francs. 

This coin, which is of the first rarity, is the only one of Roman fabric, 
which bears the likeness of Octavia. There is a Latin medallion in bronze 
of Tiberius struck in one of the Roman provinces, which has the heads 
of Augustus and Octavia, fiice to face: legend, DIVVS. AVG. IMP. 
OCTAVIA. The female head which appears on the coins of M. 
Antonius, struck during the triumvirate, by his praefects in the pro- 
vinces, is supposed to be that of Octavia. Her head is also found on 
some Cistophori. 



120 M. ANTONIUS — CLEOPATRA. 

MARCUS ANTONIUS THE YOUNGER. 

[Son of Marcus Antonius the triumvir, and Fulvia his first wife. He 
was invested with the toga hy Antonius, after the battle of Actium, 
in the year of Rome 723, (B. C. 31) ; and was put to death in the 
following year, by order of Augustus, a short time after the death of 
his father]. 

The only coin of M. Antonius the younger, is the following : it is of 
the first rarity. 

M. ANTONIVS. M. F. Bare head of M. Antonius the son.— iZ^c;. 
ANTON. AVG. IMP. III. COS. DES. III. V. R. P. C. Bare 
head of M. .\ntonius the father. --------- AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 1000 francs. 

CLEOPATRA. 

[Queen of Egypt. She married Ptolemy, her brother, in the year of 
Rome 703 (B. C. 51), and was repudiated by him some time after, 
Cleopatra was again raised to the throne by Caesar, whose mistress 
she became, in the year 707 (B. C. 47) ; and in 713, ensnared M. 
Antonius, from whom she fled at the battle of Actium ; and in the 
following year destroyed herself, to avoid falling into the hands of 
Augustus, 722 (B. C. 30)j. 

Style : CLEOPATRA. CLEOPATRA. REGINA. REGVM. 

FILIORVM. REGVM. (by implication, mater). 

Gold (if genuine) --------------- Rs 

Silver medallions, with the head of M. Antonius ----- R 5 

Silver, of the usual size ----------. --R4 

Second brass ----------------- R4 

Third brass R4 

GOLD AND SILVER. 
1. 
CLEOPATRAE. REGINAE. REGVM. FILIORVM. REGVM. 
Head of Cleopatra, with a diadem.— i2e9. ANTONI. ARMENIA. 
DEVICTA. Bare head of Marcus Antonius ; behind, the Ar- 
menian tiara. ------------- AU & AR 

2. 
Another, with SESINAE. r«c.J REGVM. AR 



C. ANTON1U8 — AUGUSTUS. 121 

CAIUS ANTONIUS. 

{Brother of Marcus Antonius, the triumvir. The time of his hirth is not 
known. He was sent into Macedonia in the room of his brother M. 
Antonius, who had obtained the government of it after the death of 
Caesar, and was seized and put to death hy Brutus, about the year 
of Rome 710 (about 43 B. C)]. 

Silver -----.-------------.Re 

C. ANTONIVS. M. F. PRO. COS. Female head, covered by a hat or 
bonnet with laxge harden,— Rev, PONTIFEX. Two pontifical 
vases, and a spear. 

LUCIUS ANTONIUS. 

{Brother of Marcus Antonius, the triumvir. Consul in the year of 
Rome 713, (B. C. 41). He was besieged and captured in Pelusium by 
Augustus, who afterwards set him at liberty. He was subsequently 
appointed governor of Spain. The time and manner of his death are 
not known. Some say he was killed at the shrine of Caesar]. 

Style : L. ANTONIVS. COS. 

Oold, with the head of M. Antony on reverse --.--. unique 
Sflver R4 

L. ANTONIVS. COS. Bare head of L. Antonius.— ie«^. M. ANT. 
IMP. AVG. III. VIR. R. P. C. M. NERVA. PROQ. P. Bare 
head of M. Antonius. -- -------- aU & AR 

The silver is much rarer when it reads BARB AT. instead of NERVA. 
on reverse. 

AUGUSTUS. 

{Caius Octavius Caepias, son of Caius Octavius, and Atia sister of 
Julius Caesar, was bom at Velitrae, in the year of Rome 691 (B. C.63). 
He was adopted by Julius Caesar, who made him his heir. After the 
murder of Caesar, he came to Rome, in the year 710 (B. C. 44), and 
took the names of C. J. Caesar Octavianus. He formed the trium- 
virate with Antony and Lepidus in the year 711. Defeated Brutus 
and Cassius at Philippi in 712 ; defeated Sextus Pompey in 718 ; and 
having declared war against Antony, gained the battle of Actium in 
723. Received from the Senate the title of Emperor in 725 ; and in 
727, the name of Atiguttua, Sumamed the Father of his Country in 
752 ; and died at Nola, in Campania, in the year of Rome 767 
(A.D. 14)J. 



122 AUGUSTUS. 

Style: DIVI. F. (or FILIVS) DIVI. IVLI. F. CAES. 

(or CAESAR). [On reverse, sometimes avovst, or avqvstts.] 

C. CAESAR. CAESAR, (or C. CAESAR) IMP. 

CAESAR. DIVI. F. IMP. CAESAR, (or C. CAESAR.) III. 

VIR. (or III. VIR. R. P. C.) CAESAR. IMP. III. VIR. R. 

P. C. IMP. [On reverse, caesar.] IMP. CAE. (or CAES. 

or CAESAR). [On reverse, sometimes divi. f. or avgtstvs. or 

AvavsTvs. DIVI. p.] IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) DIVI. F. 

(or DIVI. IVLI. F.) IMP. CAESAR. DIVI. F. III. VHL 

R. P. C. AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) AVGVSTVS. 

CAESAR. C. (or CAES. or CAESAR.) AVG. (or AVGVS. 

or AVGVST, or AVGVSTVS.) AVG. (or AVGVST, or 

AVGVSTVS.) DIVI. F. IMP. AVGVST. IMP. CAE. 

(or CAESAR.) AVG- (or AVGV, or AVGVS, or AVGVST, or 

AVGVSTVS.) IMP. CAESAR. DIVI. F. AVGVST. (or 

AVGVSTVS.) CAESAR. DIVI. F. PAT. PA. CAESAR. 

AVGVSTVS. DIVI. F. PATER. PATRIAE. DIVVS. (or 

DEVS.) AVGVSTVS. DIVVS. AVGVST, DIVI. F. 

DIVVS. AVGVSTVS. PATER, (or PATER. PATRIAE.) 
Gold medallion --------------- unique 

„ of the usual size -------------C 

„ restored by Trajan ------ -------R5 

„ quinarii ----------------R2 

Silver medallions ---------------R4 

„ (of the usual size, of which there are upwards of 250 difierent 
reverses) --- -.__---. --C 

„ restored by Trajan ------------R6 

„ quinarii ---------------Ri 

Brass medallions ---------------Rl 

„ ContormaU ---------------R4 

First brass, with his head -------------R2 

„ restored by Nerva -----------R4 

„ without his head, and with the names of the moneyers R 1 

„ with his head, and the names of the moneyers - - R 2 

„ with the head of Agrippa on reverse ----- R 6 

Second brass ----------------C 

„ with reverse of Tiberius -R4 

J, restored by Claudius, Nero, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, or 

Trajan -------------- R2 

Third brass -----------------C 



AUGUSTUS. 123 

! 

I MEDALLIONS IN GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. DIVI. P. PATER. PATRIAE. Uureated 
bead of Augustus.— iZev. SICIL. IMP. XV. Diana, with bow 
and quiyer. (Kkeli). ------------ AU. 

Tbis medallion was found at Herculaneum. It is nearly a quadruple 
of the Aureus, weighing 8,f gros French (626 French grains, or 536 
grains English). The Aureus of Augustus weighs two gros ; so that the 
excess of two-thirds of a gros leaves a doubt as to this medallion having 
been intended as a coin. 

2. 
AVGVSTVS. Two stags before an altar AR 

3. 
AVGVSTVS. A sphinx, squatting. - - - AR 

4. 
AVGVSTVS. Six ears of com AR 

5. 
AVGVSTVS. Capricorn and a cornucopia within a garland. - AR 

6 
C. CAESAR. AUG. F. The emperor on horseback, and three 
ensigns ---------------- AR 

7. 
IMP. IX. TR. POT. V. Head of Augustus.— -flw. COM. ASIA. A 
circular temple, with the inscription ROM. £T. AVG. - - AR 

8. 
COM. ASIA. A temple, with six columns; on the pediment, ROM. 
ET. AVGVST- AR 

9. 
FORT. RED. CAES. AVG. S. P. Q. R. * An altar AR 

10. 
MARS. VLT. Mars in a temple. AR 

11. 
MART. VLTO. A military ensign before a circular temple. - - AR 



124 AUGUSTUS. 

12. 

S. P. a R. SIGNIS. RECEPTIS. An armed figure, holding two 
military ensigns. -------------- AR 

13. 
A triumphal arch ; a quadriga on the top ; on the frieze, IMP. IX. TR. 
POT. V. ; helow, S. P. Q. R. SIGNIS. RECEPTIS - - - AR 

14. 
IMP. CAESAR. DIVI. F. COS. VI. LIBERTATIS. P. R. VINDEX. 
Laureated head. — Rev. PAX. A female standing; holding the 
cista and a caduceus ; the whole within a laurel garland. - AR 

All the above, except No. 1, were struck in Asia. Nos. 3, 4, and 5 are 
the least rare. 



Gold and Silver struck by the Money ers of Augustus. 

1. 
P. PETRONIVS. TVRPILIAN. III. VIR. A syren pUying on a 
double flute. --------------- AR 

2. 
P. PETRONIVS. TVRPILIAN. III. VIR. A faun sitting on the 
ground; his left hand supporting his head : before, two flutes. AR 

3. 
P. PETRONIVS. TVRPILIAN. III. VIR. Head of Bacchus.— i2«7. 
A VGVSTVS CAESAR. A biga of elephants AR 

4. 
TVRPILIAN VS. III. VIR. A crescent and a star. - - - - AR 

5. 
TVRPILIANVS. III. VIR. Tarpeia, half covered by a heap of 
shields. ----------------- AR 

6. 
TVRPILIANVS. III. VIR. A lyre. AU 

7. 
CAESAR. III. VIR. R. P. C. Head of Augustus.— Aw. L. REGVLVS. 
III. VIR. A. P. F. Eneas carrying Anchises ----- AU 

8. 
Q. SALVIVS. IMP. COS. DESIG. A thunderbolt, winged. - AR 



r 



AUGUSTUS. 125 

9. 

BL SANGVINVS. III. VIR. A nude Uureated head ; above, a comet. 

AR 
10. 
TI. SEMPRON. GRACCVS. IIII. VIR. Q. DESIG. A plough, a 
Roman ea^e, and a iceptre. .......... AR 

11. 
TI. SEMPRON. GRACCVS. IIII. VIR. Q. Fortune standing - AU 

12. 
AVGVSTVS. TR. POT. An e^estrian statue— iZev. P. STOLO. III. 
VIR. The Apex between the andlia. ....... AR 

13. 
AVGVSTVS. TR. POT. Head of Augustus.— Ar. P. STOLO. III. 
VIR. The apex between the ancilia. ....... AR 

14. 
C. SVLPICIVS. PLATORIN. III. VIR. Two male figures sitting. AR 

15. 
TVRPILIANVS. III. VIR. FERON. Female head.— jBw. AVGVSTO. 
OB. C. S. within an oak garland. ......... AU 

16. 
DIVI. F. Bare head of Octavius; before, the lituus. — Rev. Q. 
VOCONIVS. VITVLVS. a DESIG. S. C. A calf. - - AU 

17. 
DIVI. JVLI. F. Bare head of Octavius.— A?v. Q. VOCONIVS. 
VITVLVS. A calf. AU 

18. 
TVRPILIANVS. III. VIR. Head of Bacchus.— /?«;. AVGVSTO. 
OB. C. S. AU 

19. 
C. VIBIVS VARVS. Minerva. AR 

20. 
L. VINICI VS. Three triumphal arches : the middle one, surmounted 
by a figure in a quadriga ; and bearing on the peristyle S. P. Q. R 
IMP. CAE. {or CAES.) The arches on each side surmounted by 
an archer. 



126 AUGUSTUS. 

21. 

AVGVSTVS. TR. POT. VIII. Head of Augustas. — Aw. L. 

VINICIVS. L. F. III. VIR. A cippus, inscribed S. P. a R. 

IMP. CAES. QVOD. V. M. S. EX. EA. P. Q. IS. AD. A. 

DE. AUfrAR 

22. 
A statue of Augustus near the gate of a town ; on the pediment, S. P. Q. 
R. IMP. CAES.— /Jw. L. VINICIVS. L. F. III. VIR. A cippus, 
bearing the same legend as the preceding. --.... AR 

23. 
C. MARIVS. TROGVS. III. VIR. Head of Diana, with quiver. AR 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

24. 
C. MARIVS. C. F. TR06. III. VIR. A man holding the litaus and 
the simpulum. --------------- AR 

25. 
The same legend. Two figures, in the toga, standing ; one wearing a 
laurel crown; the other a mural crown : at their feet, two pedestals. 

AR 

26. 

The same legend. A branch in a quadriga. ------- AR 

27. 
P. PETRONIVS. TVRPILLIAN. III. VIR. A pegasus. - - AR 

28. 
P. PETRONIVS. III. VIR. A figure reclining. AR 

29. 
L. MVSSIDIVS. LONGVS. A cornucopia. AU 

30. 
L. MVSSIDIVS. T. F LONGVS. IIII. VIR. A. P. F. Mars. - AU 

31. 

L. MESCINIVS. RVFVS. III. VIR. A cippus, inscribed IMP. CAES. 

AVGV. COMM. CONS.— i2«;. L. O. M. S. P. Q. R. V. S. P. R. 

IMP. CAE. QVOD. PER. EV. R. P. IN. AMP. ATQ. TRAN. 

S. E. within an oak garland. ---------- AR 

32. 
L. MESCINIVS. RVFVS. III. VIR. A cippus, inscribed IMP. CAES. 
AVG. LVD. SAEC. XV. S. F. AR 



AUGUSTUS. 127 

33. 

CAES. AVG. CONS. S. C. R. P. CONS. Full-faced head of Augustus 

on a buckler.~i20v. L. MESCINIVS. RVFVS. III. VIR. Man 

standing on a cippus, inscribed S. P. Q. R. V. S. P. S. £T. R. AVG. . 

AR 
34. 

L. MESCINIVS. AVG. SVF. P. The emperor sitting on estrade, 

ddirering the prizes of the secular games to two figures standing 

before him ; a panier at their feet : on the estrade, LVD. S. - AU 

35. 
L. MESCINIVS. RVFVS. III. VIR. Mars on a cippus, inscribed 
S. P. Q. R. V. S. P. RED. CAES. AR 

36. 
C. MARIVS. TRO. III. VIR. Head of Diana, with a bow. - - AR 

Vahied by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

37. 
AVG VST VS. DI VI. F. Bare head of Augustus, within a gariand.— 
Rev. C. MARIVS. TRO. III. VIR. The heads of Caius, Lucius, 
and Juba : above, a garland. ...-.-..-. AR 

38. 
CAESAR. Bare head of Augustus. — Eev. Same heads and legend as on 
the preceding. -------------- AR 

Thisy and No. 37, are valued by Mionnet at 300 francs. 

39. 
S. C. Head of Juno— iZ^v. TRO. III. III. (sic). The head of Julia, 
between those of Caius and Lucius : a garland, above the head of 
Julia. 

This coin is sometimes found of copper, plated with silver. 

40. 
CAESAR. AVG VST. Head of Augustus : behind, the lituus and the 
simpulum.— iiw. C. MARIVS. TRO. III. VIR. A figure, driving 
two oxen, harnessed to a plough, before the waUs of a town. AU 

41. 
M. DVRMIVS. in. VIR. A boar pierced by a spear. - - - AR 

42. 
The same legend. A lion attacking a stag. AR 



128 AUGUSTUS. 

43. 
The same legend. Victoiy crowning a haXL ---.--- AR 

44. 
The same l^end. A crab, holding a butterfly. ..--.- AU 

45. 
LENTVLVS. SPINT. The praefericulum and the lituns. - - AR 

46. 
L. LENTVLVS. FLAMEN. MARTI ALIS. Two figures, standing: 
a star over the head of one, who holds a figure of Victory ; the other 
has a buckler, inscribed C. V. --------- AR 

47. 
M. LEPIDVS. PONT. MAX. III. VIR. R. P. C. Bare head of 
LEPIDVS. AR 

48. 
L. LIVINEIVS. REGVLVS. Victory, standing. AR 

49. 
M. AGRIPPA. COS. DESIG. in the field. - - - . - AU & AR 

50. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. Bare head of Augustus. — iJw. M. 
AGRIPPA. PLATORINVS. III. VIR Bare head of Agrippa. 
(Plate iv, No. 2). AR 

Valued by Mionnet at ninety francs. 

51. 
C. ANTIST. REGINVS. III. VIR. Pontifical instruments. - AR 

52. 
C. ANTIST, VETVS. III. VIR FOED. (or FOEDVS.) P. R CVM. 
GABINIS. Two figures, holding a victim over an altar. - AR 

53. 
C. ANTIST. VETVS. III. VIR APOLLIN. ACTIO. ApoUo, 
in a female habit, holding a lyre and a patera, standing before an 
altar, placed on a bridge ? .-..--.---- AR 

54. 
C. ANTISTIVS. VETVS. III. VIR. Winged head of Victory.— 
Rev. PRO. VALETVDINE. CAESARIS. S. P. Q. R. Two 
figures before an altar. ------------ AU 

55. 
ANTONIVS. IMP. A caduceus. AR 



r 



AUGUSTUS. 129 

56. 
ANTONIVS. IMP. Two hands, joined, holding a caduceus. - AR 

57. 
ANTONIVS. IMP. Bare head of Marcus Antonius. - AU & AR 

58. 
L. AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. A flower. - - - - AR 

59. 
L. AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. SICIL. A figure, in a military 
habit, raising up a female. -.-...-..-. AR 

60. 
L AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. The head of Medusa. AU 

61. 
L AQVILLIVS. FLORVS. III. VIR. A scorpion. - - - AR 

62. 
BALBVS. PRO. PR. A club. AU & AR 

63. 
C. CAESAR. III. VIR. R. P. C. Head of Octavius.— i2«;. An 
equestrian statue : below, the prow of a vessel. S. C. - - AU 

64. 
L CANINIVS. GALL VS. III. VIR, A figure, kneeling, presenting 
a standard. ---------------- AR 

65. 
The ssme legend. A cippus, inscribed C. C. A VGVSTI. - - AR 

66. 
L CANINIVS. GALLVS. III. VIR. AVGVSTVS. TR. POT. A 
table and a wand. --- ---------- AR 

67. 
P. CARISIVS. LEG. PRO. PR; A military trophy. - - - AR 

68. 
P. CARISIVS. LEG. PRO. PR. Victory, forming a military trophy. 

AR 

69. 

Same legend. A buckler, a spear, and the secespita. - - - - AR 

70. 
Samel^end. The gate of a city, inscribed EMERIT A. - - AR 

TOl. I. K 



130 AUGUSTUS. 

71. 

Same legend. A captiye, kneeling at the foot of a trophy. - - AR 

72. 
Same legend. A masked-shaped helmet, dagger, and some other 
symbol. ---------------- AR 

73. 
P. CARISI. LEG. Victory, crowning a trophy (A qwnariui). - AR 

74. 
P. CLOD I VS. M. F. Mars, standing : in his right hand, a spear ; in 
his left, a sceptre. ----------.-- AR 

75. 
Same legend. Bacchus, habited as a woman. .-.-.. AR 

76. 
COSSVS. CN. F. LENTVLVS. An equestrian statue. - - - AR 

77. 
The same type, restored by Trajan. --------- AR 

78. 
COSSVS. LENTVLVS. M. AGRIPPA. COS. TERT. Head of 
Agrippa, with the rostral and mural crown. - - - - AU & AR 

79. 
The same type and legend, restored by Trajan. ------ AR 

80. 
M. DVRMIVS. in. VIR. Youthful head between two stars : behind, 
HONORL— iJer. AVGVSTO. OB. S. C. within an oak garland. 

AU 

81. 

M. DVRMIVS. III. VIR. Same head, without the stars : behind, 

HONORL— jBw. AVGVSTVS. CAESAR. S. C. A panier, on a 

quadriga. ---------------- AR 

82. 
AVGVSTVS. CAESAR. S. C. A figure and a panier in a quadriga. 

AR 
83. 
Same legend (sometimes without S. C.) A figure, with an olive branch, 
guiding a biga of elephants. ..-.....-- AR 



AUGUSTUS. 181 

84. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. SIGN. RECE. A male figure, kneeling, 
and preseotiiig a military standard. ---.... aR 

In gold. No. 78 is much the rarest The next in rarity is No. 40 ; 
then No. 54. No. 34 is a very rare type; and Noe. 7, 16, 21, are 
ruer than tiie remaining numbers. In silver, Nos. 37 and 38 are the 
Tsrest The next in rarity are Nos. 23 and 36; then Nos. 50, 78, 31. 
Nos. 52, 65, 61, 72, 75, 43, 47, 28, 1, 2, 21, and 22, are much rarer 
types than the remaining numbers. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
IMP. CAESAR X. (or XL w XIL) ApoUo, standing with his lyre, 
in a female habit. ------------- x\j 

2. 
AEGYPTO. CAPTA. A crocodile, to the right - - - AU & AR 

3. 

Tlie same type, restored by Trajan. AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

4. 
APOLLIN. A statue of Apollo within a temple. AR 

5. 
ARMENIA. CAPTA. Victoiy, holding a buU by the horns. - AU 

6. 
The same legend. A bow, quiver, and tiara. AR 

7. 
The same legend. A sphinx, squatting. AU 

8. 
ARMENIA. CAPTA. CAESAR, DIVL F. A female figure, 
kneeling. AR 

9. 
ARMENIA. RECEPT. IMP. CAESAR. DIVL F. IMP. VII. A male 
figure, standing, holding in his right hand a spear, and in his left a 

^^ AR 

10. 
AVGVSTVS. An altar. AR 

k2 



132 AUGUSTUS. 

11. 
Same legend. Candelabra, wiihin a garland. --..--- AR 

12. 

Same legend. Capricorn ; above, a female, with flying drapery: 

13. 
Same legend. A bull, walking. ...--.-. AU & AR 

14. 
Same legend. A sphinx. -------------- AU 

15. 
Same legend. Capricorn. ------------- AR 

16. 
AVG VSTVS. TR. POT. An equestrian statue of Augustus. - - AR 

17. 
AVG. DIVI. F. IMP. X. A crescent and seven stars. - - - AR 

18. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. S. P. Q. R. A buckler, inscribed CL. V. 
between two branches ---------- AU & AR 

19. 
CIVIBVS. SERVATIS. CAESAR. COS. VII. Bare head of Augustus. 
■^Rev, AVGVSTVS. S. C. An eagle, with wings displayed, 
standing on a garland, between two olive branches. - - - AU 

20. 
CAESAR AVGVSTVS. Two laurel branches. AU 

21. 
CAESAR. DIVI. F. An equestrian statue AU & AR 

22. 
Same legend. Venus-Victrix, standing. -------- AR 

23. 
Same legend. A quadriga. -------- --. AU 

24. 
Same legend. Victory in a biga. - - --- - -'- - - AU 

25. 
Same legend. Apollo, with the pileus, sitting on a rock, and playing 
on his lyre. ---------------- AR 

26. 

CAES. IMP. Figure in a quadriga. --' AR 

I 



r 



AUGUSTUS. 133 

27. 
CABS. Die. PER. A garland on a curnle chair. AR 

28. 
CAES. DIV. F. ARMEN. CAP. IMP. VIII. A miUtary figure, 
■tanding. ------- --------- AR 

29. 
CAESAR. AV6VSTVS. The letters O. C. S. within an oak garland, 
(sometimes, on each side, an olive branch). ------ AU 

30. 
CAESARI. AVGVSTO. An eagle in a quadriga AR 

31. 
C. CAES. AVGVS. F. A figure on horseback, and three ensigns. 

AU&AR 

32. 
C. L. CAESARES. AVGVSTI. F. COS. DESIG. PRIN. IVVENT. 
Caius and Lucius standing; two bucklers and pontifical instru- 
' ments. ----------------- AU 

33. 
C. L. CAESARES. PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. Caius and Lucius on 
horseback. ---------------- AR 

Valued by Mionnet at fifty firancs. 

34. 
CIVIB. ET. SIGN. MILIT. A. PART. RESTITVT. (oftener 
RECVPER). A trimnphal arch; on its summit, a figure in a 
quadriga. -------------- AU & AR 

35. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. A female standing. AR 

36. 
COS. ITER. ET. TER. DESIG. Sacrificial instruments. - - AR 

37. 
Same legend. A figure within a temple : on the frieze, DI VO. IVL. 
On one side of the temple, an altar. -.---. -- AR 

38. 
COS. ITER. ET. TERT. DESIG. within a garland.— JB«r. IMP. 
CAESAR. DIVL F. in. VI R. ITER. A tripod. - - - AR 



134 AUGUSTUS. 

39. 
D£. PARTHIS. A tiara, bow, and quiver fiill of arrows. - - AR 

40. 
DIVO. IVLIO. EX. S. C. Statue of Julius Caesar, seated in a 
temple - AU&AR 

41. 
DIVVS. AVGVSTVS. Head of Augustus.— /Jer. EX. S. C. A car, 
drawn by four horses ----------.-- AR 

Valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

42. 
FORT. RED. CAES. AVG. S. P. Q. R. (or FORTVN. REDVC. 
CAESAR. AVGVST. S. P. Q. R.) on an altar. - - AU&AR 

43. 

IMP. CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. Head of Augustus.— iZw. HADRI- 
ANVS. AVG. P. P. REN. A veOed female, standing. - - AR 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

44. 

HISPANIA. A female standing, holding two javelins, a buckler, and 
ears of com. ---- -,---- AU 

45. 
IMP. CAESAR. A rostral column, surmounted by a statue. - - AR 

46. 
Same legend. Victory standing on a globe, holding a standard and a 
garland. ---------------- AU 

47. 
Same legend. A military trophy within a temple. ----- AR 

48. 
Same legend. Mercury; at his feet a thunderbolt. ----- AR 

49. 
Same legend. Augustus Victor, seated. .--.-.-- AU 

50. 
Same legend. A temple ------------- AR 

51. 
Same legend. A man driving two oxen. --------AR 



AUGUSTUS. 135 

52. 
Sune leg«id. The Emperor in a 4iuadzjga. — Bev. Victory^ with gariand 
and palm branch, standing on the prow of a veasel. - - - AR 

53. 
IMP. CAESAR. DIVI. F. A buckler. AR 

54. 
IMP. A hoFBenian.— JZm;. AVGVSTVS. Capricorn.* - - - AR 

55. 

IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. A crocodile. 

AU 
Valued by Mionnet at 100 franca. 

56. 
The same legend. Three military ensigns. .--.--. AU 

57. 
IMP. X. A man, presenting a branch to a figure in the toga, seated. AR 

58. 
IMP. X. Two men, each presenting a branch to a figure, seated. 

AU&AR 

59. 
IMP. XII. Diana- Venetrix, walking to the right ----- AR 

60. 
IMP. XIIII. A man, presenting a child to a sitting figure. AU & AR 

61. 
IAN. CLV. The temple of Janus, closed. AR 

62. 
lOVI. OLYM. (or OLYN.). A temple, with six columns. - - AR 

63. 
lOV. TON. {or lOVIS. TONANT.). Statue of Jupiter, standing within 
a temple with tax. columns. --------- AU & AR 

64. 
lOVI. VOT. SVSC. PRO. SAL. CAES. AVG. S. P. a R. Within an 
oak garland. --------------- AR 

Valued by Mionnet at twenty-four francs. 

* Augustas was born under the consteUation Capricornus : hence the frequent 
occurrence of that sign on his coins. 



136 AUGUSTUS. 

65. 
IVNONI. MARTIALI. Statue of Juno, within a temple - - AR 

66. 
MARTIS. VLTORIS. Statue of Maw, within a temple - - - AR 

67. 
MAR. VLT. {or MART. VLT.) Statue of Mars, within a temple. 

AU&AR 

68. 

Same legend. A military ensign, within a temple. ----- AR 

69. 
OB. CIVIS. SERVATOS. A circular tablet, inscribed S. P. a R. CL. 
V. within an oak garland. --------- AU & AR 

70. 
PACI. PER?. An altar, within a temple with six columns. - - AR 

71. 
PAX. A female standing, holding a caduceus and ears of com. - AU 

72. 
PAX. AVGVSTI. {or DIVI. AVGVSTI.) Two hands joined, holding 
a caduceus and two comucopise. ---- ---. AR 

73. 
PONTIF. MAX. A figure, seated. AR 

74. 
POPVLI. IVSSV. An equestrian statue. AR 

75. 
QVOD. VIAE, MVN. SVNT. A figure, with Victory, in a biga of 
elephants, on the summit of a triumphal arch built on a bridge of 
several arches. --------------- AU 

76. 

QVOD. VIAE. MVN. SVNT. A quadriga, on a triumphal arch. 

AU&AR 
77. 

QVOD. VIAE, M VNI. SVNT. Two triumphal arches : on the summit 

of each, an equestrian statue and a trophy. ---... AR 

Valued by Mionnet at forty-eight firancs. 

78. 
S. C. An equestrian statue, in a civil habit. ----- AU & AR 



r 



AUGUSTUS. 137 

■ 

79. 
S. C. A honeman, holding the lituus; below, a prow of a vesieL AU 

80. 
S. P. Q. R. SIGNIS. RECEPTIS. A quadriga, on a triumphal arch ; 
on the peristyle, IMP. IX. TIL POT. V. AU 

81. 
S. P. Q. R. SIGNIS. RECEPTIS. {or RECEPTI.) Mars, standing : in 
hiB light hand, a Roman eagle ; in his left, a military ensign. AR 

82. 
S. P. Q. R. Cupid, sitting on a dolphin ; two stars (sometimes without 
the stars). ---------------- AR 

83. 
S. P. a R. Victory, holding a buckler. AR 

I 84. 

S. P. Q. R A quadriga. AU 

85. 
I S. P. Q. R CL. V. inscribed on a circular tablet, surrounded by several 

'' lines. ------------------ AR 

86. 
S. P. Q. R Victory, flying, holding a garland : before, a column ; a 
buckler at the base, inscribed CL. V. -------- AR 

87. 
S. P. Q. R. Victory holding a buckler, inscribed CL. V. - - - AU 

88. 
S. P. Q. R. A sphinx, winged. - - AR 

89. 
SIGNIS. PARTHICIS. RECEPTIS. in the middle of the coin. - AR 

90. 
CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. Bare head of Augustus.— iZev. SIGNIS. 
RECEPTIS. Mars, standing : in his right hand, a Roman eagle ; 
in his left, a military ensign. -----... AU & AR 

91. 
AVGVSTUS. Bare head of Augustus.— iJw. SIGNIS. RECEPTIS. 
Capricorn. ---------------- AU 



138 AUGUSTUS. 

92. 
CAESARI. AVGVSTO. Head of Aiigu8tu8.-~Aw. S. P. Q. R. A car, 
within a circular temple. ------------ AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

93. 

S. P. Q. R. PARENT. CONS. SVO. The toga picta, between a Roman 
eagle and a garland*— iZev. CAESARI. AVGVST. A car drawn 
by four hones; a quadriga above. --------- AR 

94. 

S. P. Q. R. The oarpentum, drawn by four horses : above, a quadriga 
and a Roman eagle. ------------- AR 

95. 
SICIL. IMP. VIII. (IX. or X.) Diana, with a dog. - - - - AU 

96. 
TI. CAESAR. AVG. F. TR. POT. XV. 'Hberius in a car. AU & AR 

97. 
The same legend. Bare head of Tiberius. ----- AU & AR 

98. 
CAESAR, DI VI. F. PAT. PA. Bare head of Augustus.— i2». VOTA. 
PVBLICA. Five figures assisting at a sacrifice. - - - - AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

99. 

VOT. P. SVSC. PRO. SALVT. ET. RED. I. O. M. SACIL A naked 
figure, helmeted: in his right hand, the labarum; in his left, the 
parazonium. -------- AR & AU 

100. 
Another, with the inscription in the field. -------- AR 

101. 

TR. POT. XV. (or XXVII. or XXVIIII.) Victoiy standing on a 
globe. (A qumarhu). ------------ AU 

102. 
AVGVSTVS. Bare head of Augustus. — iZet;. No legend. A 
sphinx. ----------- AU 



AUGUSTUS. 139 

100. 
No legend. Victoiy holding the palladium. (A qmmarim). - - AU 

101. 
No l^end. A roetral crown. ----------- AR 

Of the above types, in gold, No. 98 is the rarest Nos. 3, 55, and 92 
are the next in rarity : then Nos. 14, 55, 59, 74, 87, 88, 94. In silver, 
No. 43 is by for the rarest Nos. 33, 41, and 77 are very rare. Nos. 
60, 64, 65, 72, 74, 83, 89, 97, and 100, are the rarest of the remaining 
numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
AVGVSTVS, within a rostral crown. 

2. 
CAESAR. AVGVST. PONT. MAX. TRIBUNIC. POT. Head of 
Augustus, crowned by Victoiy.— ^ev. M. SALVIVS. OTHO. 
III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F. S. C. 

3. 

C. GALL VS. C. F. LVPERCVS. III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F. S. C.--Rev. 

OB. CIVIS. SERVATOS. A garland and two pahn branches. 

4. 
L. NAEVIVS. SVRDINVS. III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F. S. C.^Rev. OB. 
CIVIS. SERVATOS. A garland and two palm branches. 

5. 
PROVIDENT. S. C. An altar. 

6. 

ROM. ET. AVG. An altar flanked by two Victories. 

7. 

S. C. An eagle, with wings displayed, standing on a globe. 

8. 
S. P. Q. R. A temple, with statues. 

No. 8 is by for the rarest Nos. 2 and 6, are the next in rarity. 
Not. 4, 6, and 7 are the least rare. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
AVG VSTA. MATER. PATRIAE. A female, seated. 



140 AUGUSTUS. 

2. 
AVGVSTVS. within a garland. 

3. 
DIVO. AVGVSTO. S. P. Q. R. A quadriga of elephants.— iZer. TI. 
CAESAR. DIVI. AVG. F. AVGVST. P. M. TR, P. XXXVII. 

4. 
IMP. T. CAESAR. DIVI, VESP. F. AVG. P. M. TR. P. P. P. COS. 

VIII. REST. 

5. 
IMP. NERVA. CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. REST. In the field, S. C. 

6. 
ROM. ET. AVG. An altar, flanked by two Victories. 

7. 
S. C. A circular temple, with several columns. 

8. 
S. C. Temple of Mars, with figures. 

9. 
DIVVS. AVGVSTVS. PATER. Radiated head of Augustus.— iJw. 
S. P. Q. R. A car, drawn by four horses. 

10. 
Same legend. Several figures. 

11. 
C. GALLIVS. C. F. LVPERCVS. III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F. In the 
field, S. C. 

12. 
M. LVRIVS. AGRIPPA. III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F. In the field, S. C. 

13. 
M. MAECILIVS. TVLLVS. III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F. In the 
field, S. C. 

14. 
C. PLOTIVS. RVFVS. III. A. A. A. F. F. In the field, S. C. 

15. 
M. SALVIVS. OTHO. III. VIIL A. A. A. F. F. In the field, S. C. 

Of the above, No. 10 is much the rarest Nos. 1, 8, and 9 are the 
next in rarity ; but No. 9 is the rarest of the three. The least rare are 
Nos. 2, 6, 11, and 14. 




LIVIA — M. A6RIPPA. 141 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ROM. ET. AVG. An altar, flanked on each side by the figures of 
two Victoriet in terminus. 

2. 
S. C. The temple of Mars, with several figures. 

3. 
TI. CAESAR. AVG. F. AVGVSTVS. Head of Tiberius. 

The last No. is much rarer than the others. The commonest reverses 
of Augustus, in second brass, are the altar : legend, PROVIDENT. ; 
Victory, with a buckler and a thunderbolt The two last were restored : 
the one, by Vespasian ; the other, by Nenra. 

LIVIA. 

[Liyia Drusilla, daughter of Livius Dnisus Calidianus, wife of Augustus, 
who divorced his wife Scribonia in order to marry her, was bom in 
the year of Rome 697 (B. C. 57). She died in the reign of Tiberius, 
her son by her first husband, in the year of Rome 782 (A. D. 29)]. 

Style: IVLIA. AVGVST. (or AVGVSTA.) IVLIA. AV- 

GVSTA. GENETRIX. ORBIS. AVGVSTA. MATER. PA- 

TRIAE. DIVA. AVGVSTA. DIVA. IVLIA. AVGVSTA. 

^DIVA. IVLIA. AVGVSTI. FILIA. 

First brass, with the portrait of Justice --------R4 

Second brass, with the portraits of Health, Justice, or Piety - - S 
„ with the same type, restored by Titus - - - - R 2 

Livia is always styled JuUa Augusta on Latin coins, but there are 
Greek coins with the name of Livia. The legend, Augusta mater patriae, 
is found on a coin of some unknown colony. 

M. AGRIPPA. 

[Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was bom of an obscure family in the year 
of Rome 691 (B. C. 63). He married Julia, daughter of Augustus, 
after the death of Marcellus, her first husband, in the year 733. 
Augustus invested him with the tribunitian power, which he held for 
five successive years ; namely, till 741 (B. C. 13). He died in the 
following year, in Campania, on his return from an expedition in 
Pannonia]. 



142 M. AGRIPPA^ — JULIA. 

Gold (if antique) --------------- R8 

Silver -----. ------------R6 

„ restored by Trajan -------------R7 

Second brass ----------------C 

„ restored by Titus or Domitian - R2 

Third brass R4 

GOLD AND SILVER. 
1. 

M. AGRIPPA INVS. III. VIR. Head of Agrippa, with the 

rostral crown.— IZev. CAESAit AVGVSTVS. Laureated head of 
Augustus. - - - - AU 

There are modem fabrications of this coin. 

2. 
M. AGRIPPA. PLATORINVS. III. VIR. Bare head of Agrippa.— 
Rev, CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. Bare head of Augustus. {PUOe 

to, No. 2). AR 

3. 
M. AGRIPPA. COS. TER. COSS VS. LENTVLVS. Head of Agrippa, 
with the mural and rostral crown.— iZev. AVGVSTVS. COS. XI. 
Laureated head of Augustus -------- AU & AR 

4. 
The same type, restored by Trajan ---------- AR 

The gold types are equally rare. No. 2 is the rarest type in silver. 

JULIA. 

[Julia, daughter of Augustus and Scribonia, was bom in the year of 
Rome 715 (B. C. 39). She married M. Agrippa, after the death of 
her first husband Marcellus. Augustus banished her to the island of 
Pandataria, on account of her debaucheries, in the year 752. She was 
subsequently removed to Rhegium in Bruttium, where Tiberius caused 
her to die of hunger, in the year 767 (A D. 14)]. 

First brass (Greek) R6 

Second brass (the same) -.-----------Rl 

There are only Greek coins of Julia; but there is a denarius (see the 
moneyers of Augustus, Nos. 37, 38, 39), which bears on the reverse 
three heads, supposed by some, to be those of Julia and her sons Caius 
and Lucius. 



r 



CAIUS — AGRIPPA. 143 

CAIUS AND LUCIUS. 

[Caiu and Ladus were the sons of M. Agrippa, by Julia, the daughter of 
AugQstDB. Cahu was bom in the year of Rome 734 (B. C. 20). 
Adopted and styled Ceasar by Augustus, in 737 ; and in 749, styled 
Prince of Touth. He died at Lymira, on his return from an expedi- 
tion in Armenia, in 757 (A. D. 4). 

Ludos was bom in the year of Rome 737 (B. C. 17), and shortly after, 
adopted by Augustus. Styled Prince of youth in 750 (or 752), and 
died at Marseilles, in the year 755 (A. D. 2). 

Style : C. L. CAES. C. L. CAES. (or CAESARES.) AVG. (or 

AVGVSTI.) F. C. L. CAESARES. PRINC. IVVENT. (or 

IWENTVTIS.) C. L. CAESARES. AVGVSTI. F. PR- (or 

PRIN. or PRINC.) IVVEN. (or IVVENT.) C. ET. L. 

CAESARES. AVG. F . . . PRINC. IVVENT. C. CAES . . . 

L. CAES. (or CAESAR.) C. CAESAR. AVGVSTI. F . . . 

PRIN. (or PRINC.) I WENT, [on reverse, l. cabsar. auodsti. 
F . . . PRIN. iwENT.] GEMINI. CAESARES. 

Cmu alone U9tyled: C. CAES. (or CAESAR.) C. CAES. (or CAE- 
SAR.) AVG. (or AVGVS., or AVGVSTI.) F. 

Lwaui alone U etyled: L. CAES. (or CAESAR.) L. CAES. AVG. 

F. PRINC. IVVENT. 

The coins which bear the last legends, are mostly cohnkU; the Latin 
coins are without the heads of these princes. 

Second brass, (colonial) with the head of Caius or Lucius only ; reverse 

that of Augustus ----------R6 

'' (cohmal) with the heads of the brothers, and that of 

Augustus on the reverse ------ ..R5 

Third brass, (eolomal) with the head of Caius or Lucius only. - R 4 

AGRIPPA POSTUMUS CAESAR. 

[Agrippa, son of M. Agrippa and Julia, was bora in the year of Rome 
742 (B. C. 12), after the death of his father, hence his name Postu- 
mus. He was adopted by Augustus, and styled Caesar, in 757 (A. D. 
4), after the death of his brothers Caius and Lucius. This prince was 
banished by Augustus to Campania in 760, and murdered by order of 
•nberhis in 767. (A. D. 14)]. 

Sttlb: AGRIPPA. CAESAR. 

There is ony a colonial coin of Corinth known of this prince. 



144 TIBERIUS. 

TIBERIUS. 

[Tiberius Gaudius Nero, son of Tiberius Claudiuv Nero and Livia 
Drusilla, was bom in the year of Rome 712 (B. C. 42). He was 
invested with the tribunitian power for six years, in 748 (A. D. 6), and 
adopted by Augustus in 757. Tiberius succeeded Augustus in 767 
(A. D. 14) ; and was smothered, by order of Caligula, at Misenum in 
Campania, in the 78th year of his age, and in the year of Rome 
790 (A. D. 37)]. 

Style : ^TI. CAESAR. AVG. (or AVGVST. or AVGVSTI.) F. 

IMPERAT. (or IMPERATOR) ^TI. DIVI. F. AVGVSTVS. 

TI. CAESAR AVGVST. IMPERAT. TI. CAESAR. 

DIVI. AVG. (or AVGVSTI.) F. AVGVST. (or AVGVSTVS.) 

[On reverse, sometimes, imp. with other titles.] TI. CAESAR. 

DIVI. AVG. F. AVGVST. (or AVGVSTVS.) IMP. 

Gold C 

„ restored by Trajan -------------R6 

„ Quinarii ----------------R4 

Silver medaUions ---------------R6 

„ of the usual size -------------C 

Brass medallions ---------------R8 

First brass, without his head ..>.-.-..-.-Rl 
„ with his head ------------R3 

Second brass --------------. -C 

„ restored by Titus or Domitian ------- R2 

Third brass S 

SphUriati* R2 



* The pieces denominated Spintriati, are between the sizes of second and 

third brass. Most Numismatic writers agree that they were struck during the 

reign of Tiberius, whose horrible debaucheries are well known. The subjects 

of these |neces are various: some are satirical, some indecent, and others 

revolting to human nature. As a few of them bear the head of Augustus, it 

may be supposed that this was done by Tiberius in ridicule of his predecessor. 

It has been generally supposed that the Spintriati were cheques for the baths ; 

but it is not unlikely that they were tickets for the largesses. The words of 

Martial: 

" Nunc venlant snbitii Usciva nnmitmata nlmbis 
None dat spectata tessera longa feras/' 

perhaps refer to these showers of obscene money, the numbers of which may 

indicate the places of distribution. Spintriati have been frequently found in the 

island of Capres (Capri), the favourite retreat of Tiberius, in which he spent 

the last seven years of his infamous life. More than sixty varieties of these 

pieces are known. 



TIBERIUS. 145 

SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

TL CAESAR. DIVL AVG. F. AVGVSTVS. IMP.* VJL P. M. 
Head of Tiberius. — iTw. DIVVS. AVGVSTVS. IMPER. OC- 
TAVIA. The heads of Augustus and Octavia, with the sun and 
moon. 
Valued by Mionnet at 150 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 
1. 
TL CAESAR. DIVL AVG. F. TR. POT. XV. Bare head of 
Tiberius.— ilw. CAESAR. AVGVSTVS. DIVL F. PATER. 
PATRIAE. Laureated head of Augustus. - - - AU & AR 

2. 
DIVOS. AVGVST. DIVL F. Head of Augustus, with a star. AU 

3. 
TL CAES. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XXXV. Laureated head of Tibe- 
rius.— JRiPv. DRVSVS. CAES. TL AVG. COS. jl. R. P. Bare 
head of Drusus. -------------- AR 

Vahed by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

4. 
IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. A 
female, sitting. ----- --------- AU 

5. 
IMP. VII. TR. POT. XVI. (or XVII.) A quadriga. - AU & AR 

6. 

IMP. T. CAESAR. DIVL VESP. AVG. REST. A female, sitting. 

AU 
7. 

TR. POT. XX. (or XXIIIL or XXVI. or XXVIIII. or XXXI. 

or XXXIL) Victory, sitting on a globe, and holding a garland. 

(A quinarkui), --.------------ AU 

8. 
TR, P. XVII. (XXII. or XXV.) Victory, standing on a globe, and 
holding two palm branches. ---------- AU 



* The title IMPERATOR is never found as a prenomen on the coins of 
Tiberias. See what lias been said with respect to this title; page 109, note. 



VOL. I 



146 TIBERIUS. 

9. 
Without legend. A pegasus. AU 

No. 6 is by far the rarest gold type. No. 4 is the next in rarity. Noe. 5, 
8, and 9, are the least rare. In silver, No. 3 is by far the rarest The 
commonest type is that with the emperor, seated. 

Round and well struck denarii of Tiberius are rather uncommon : 
they are generally ill struck, and but half the legend appears on them. 

BRASS MEDALLION. 

S. P. Q. R. on the front of a temple with several statues. 
Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
CERES. A female figure, seated. 

Valued by Mionnet at 150 francs. 

2. 
DIV VS. AVGVSTVS. PATER. Radiated head of Augustus. 

3. 

ROM. £T. AVG. An altar, flanked by two figures of Victories in 

terminus. (Plate vi, No. 3). 

^ 4. 

PONT. MAX. COS. III. IMP. VII. TR. POT. XX. A caduceus. 

5. 

TI. CAESAR. DIVI. AVG. F. AVGVST. P. M. TR. POT. 

XXXVII. (or XXXIIX.) (sic). In the field a quadriga, without 

inscription. 

6. 

IMP. T. CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. AVG. P. M. TR. P. P. P. COS. VIII. 

REST. S. C.-'Rev, CIVITATIBVS. ASIAE. RESTITVTIS. A 

sedent figure, robed : in his left hand the hastapura, in his right a patera. 

The original type of this coin will remind the reader of a passage in 
Tacitus, Ann. II., giving an account of a frightful earthquake in Asia, 
which, in one night, demolished twelve cities. The munificence of 
Tiberius on the occasion is a remarkable action in the life of that vicious 
prince. This coin has been admirably illustrated by Dr. Cardwell, in his 
Lectures on the Coinage of the Greeks and Romans. (See lect. viii. 
pp. 192 to 196). 

No. 1 is much the rarest type : the next in rarity is No. 2 : then No. 3. 
No. 4 is much rarer than the remaining numbers. 



DRUSUS, JUNIOR. 147 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CLEMENTIA. A head (of aementia?) in the centre of a huckler. 

2. 
DI WS. A VGVSTVS. PATER. Radiated head of Angustus. 

3. 
DRVSVS. CAESAR. TI. A VG. F. Bare head of Dnisus. 

4. 
MODERATION!. A head in the centre of a huckler. 

5. 
ROM. ET. AVG. An altar. 

6. 

PONTIF. MAXIM POTEST. XVIII. S. C. A curule chair; 

above, a garland. 

No. 3 is much the rarest; No. 2 is the next in rarity; then Nos. 1 
and 4 ; No. 5 is the least rare. The commonest reverse is the caduceus, 
winged. 

Many of the second brass of Tiberius are ill struck, and have the 
appearance of colonial coins. 

DRUSUS, JUNIOR. 

[Nero Claudius Drusus, son of Tiberius and Vipsania Agrippina, was 
bom about the year of Rome 741 (B. C. 13). Invested with the tribu- 
nitian power in 775 (A. D. 22) ; and poisoned by his wife, Livia, in 
776 (A. D. 23)]. 

Sttle. ^DRVSVS. CAESAR, DRVSVS. CAESAR. TI. F. 

DRVSVS. CAESAR. TI. AVG. (or AVGVSTI.) F. DRVSVS. 

CAESAR. TI. AVG. (by impUcation, fiUm), DRVSVS. 

CAESAR. TI. AVG. F. DIVI. AVG. N. 

Silver, with the reverse of Tiberius ----------R6 

First brass, with the reverse of Tiberius --------R6 

„ without his head, but with those of his children on two 
comucopiae ------------ Rl 

Second brass -- C 

„ with the reverse of Tiberius --------R6 

restored by Titus -----------R2 

restored by Domitian ----------R3 

L 2 



ti 

If 



148 DRUSU«, SENIOR — ANTONIA. 






DRUSUS, SENIOR. 

[Nero Claudius Drusus, brother of Tiberius, was bom in the year of 
Rome 716 (B. C. 38). He died in Germany in the year 745 (A. D. 9), 
from the effects of a fall from his horse]. 

Style. DRVSVS. NERO. CLAVDIVS. DRVSVS. GERMA- 
NIC VS.* NERO. CLAVDIVS. DRVSVS. GERMAN, (or 

GERMANICVS.) IMP. 

Gold R4 

Silver R4 

First brass, struck during the reign of Claudius ....--R2 

restored by Titus R6 

restored by Domitian ----------R7 

Colonial first brass, with the title of Caesar -.-.-..R4 

1. 
DE. GERMAN, {or GERMANIS.). A triumphal arch. - AU & AR 

2. 
Same legend. A heap of arms. --------- AU & AR 

Brought 3/. 98, at Mr. Miles' sale in 1820: at the Trattle sale, 21, 4«. 
and 3/. 3«. 

ANTONIA. 

[Antonia, daughter of M. Antonius and Octavia, and wife of Drusus 
senior, was bom in the year of Rome 715, or 716 (B. C. 39, or 38). 
She was poisoned, by order of her grandson, Caligula, in 791 
(A.D. 38)]. 

Style. ANTONIA. AUGVSTA. 

Gold R4 

Silver R4 

Second brass -----------------S 

The following are the only reverses known in gold and silver : 

1. 
CONSTANTIAE. AVGVSTI. A female standing. - - AU & AR 

* The surname of Germanicus was given to this prince in consequence of 
his victories in Germany. 



GERMANICUS — A6RIPPINA. 149 

2. 
SACERDOS. DIVI. AVGVSTI. Two torches bound together. 
{PUUe w,No,A), AU & AR 

The above types brought, at the Trattle sale, from 1/. 10«. to 21 \\t. 
There is a modem fabrication of the first. 



GERMANICUS. 

[Germanicus, son of Drusus senior, and Antonia, was bom in the year 
of Rome 739 (B. C. 15). Adopted by Tiberius, and created Ceasar in 
757 ; and poisoned by Piso, govemor of Syria, at Epidaphne, in 772 
(A. D. 19). 

Style: GERM, (or GERMANIC VS. j CAESAR. GERM AN 1- 

C VS. CAESAR. TI. A VG. {or AVGVST.) F. DIVI. A VG. N. 

GERMANICVS. CAESAR. C. CAESARIS. PATER. GER- 

MANICVS. CAES. P. C. CAES. AVG. GERM. 

Gold, with head of Augustus or Caligula on reverse ----- R 4 

„ with head of Agrippina on reverse ...-.-.-R6 

Silver, with head of Caligula on reverse ..-...--R4 

„ with head of Augustus on reverse --...-.-R6 

First brass R8 

Second and third brass -------------C 

Second brassy restored by Titus or Domitian --.-.--R2 



AGRIPPINA, SENIOR. 

[Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa and Julia, and wife of Germanicus, was 
bom in the year of Rome 739 (B. C. 15). This princess was exiled by 
'Hberius in 783 (A. D. 30), to the island of Pandataria, where she died 
of hunger, in 786 (A. D. 33)]. 

Stylb: AGRIPPINA. M. F. GERMANICI. CAESARIS. (by 

impUcation, uxor.) AGRIPPINA. C. CAESARIS. AVG. 

MATER. AGRIPPINA. MAT. C. CAES. AVG. GERM. 

AGRIPPINA. M. F. MAT. C. CAESARIS. AVGVSTI. 

Gold, with the head of Caligula on reverse ------- R4 

„ with head of Germanicus on reverse -------R6 



150 NERO AND DRUSUS CALIGULA. 

Quinarii of gold.— iiw. P. M. TR. POT. ITER, Victoiy, sitting on a 

globe. R8 

Silver, with head of Caligula on reverse --------R4 

Brass medallions (S. P. Q. R. OB. GIVES. SERVATOS., within an oak 

garland). ---- R8 

Contormatif with the carpentum ---------. -R3 

First brass (S. P. Q. R. MEMORIAE. AGRIPPINAE. The cai- 
pentum. ----------------Ri 

First brass, restored by Titus ------ -R6 



NERO AND DRUSUS. 

[Sons of Germanicus and Agrippina. Nero was born in the year of 
Rome 760 (A. D. 7). He was banished by Tiberius to the island of 
Pontia, in 884, where he died in the following year. Drusus was 
bom in 761. Nominated praefect of Rome 778 (A. D. 25), and died 
in confinement, of privation, by order of Tiberius, in 786 (A. D. 33).] 

Style : ^NERO. ET. DRVSVS. CAESARES. NERO. CAESAR. 

DRVSVS. CAESAR. 

Second brass. Nero and Drusus on horseback ------ C 



CALIGULA. 

[Caius, sumamed Caligula, from his wearing a kind of military buskin 
called caliga, the son of Germanicus and Agrippina, was bom at 
Antium, in the year of Rome 765 (A. D. 12), and succeeded his 
great uncle Tiberius in 790 (A. D. 37). He was assassinated by 
a tribune of the Praetorian guards, in 794 (A. D. 41)]. 

Style : C. CAESAR. TI. N. (on coins struck at Carthage only). 

C. CAESAR. AVG. C. CAESAR. DIVI. AVG. PRON. 

A VG. — (sometimes *' pater patriae" on reverse). C. CAESAR. 

AVG. GERM, {or GERMANIC VS.) (on one silver coin only the 

reverse has " imperator)." C. CAESAR, AVG. GERMANIC. 

(or GERMANICVS.) IMP. (on colonial coins.) C. CAESAR. 

DIVI. AVG. PRON. AVG. P. P. C. CAESAR. AVG. 

GERMANICVS. P. P. C. CAESAR.AVG. GERMANICVS. 

IMP. PATER. PATRIAE, (on colonial coins). 



r 



CALIGULA. 151 

The title of imperatob as a samame is not found <m the Latin coins 
of Caligula. It only occurs on colonial coins, except in one instance ; 
Dsmely, on a Latin denarius, where it is found with other titles. Caligula 
bad no claim to the title ; hut his hurlesque expedition into Gaul, and his 
demanding of the Senate on his return, the honours of a triumph, are 
well known. Mionnet considers this as a yexy remarkable legend : hut 
titles as little merited were often given to the Roman emperors hy the 
servile senate, while in this instance Caligula may have taken one upon 
himself; the coinage of gold and silver being the right of the Roman 
emperors, as that of brass exclusively belonged to the senate. 

Gold R4 

Quinarii ------------------R5 

Silver ----R4 

Brass medallions ---------------R8 

First brass R2 

Second brass -----------------C 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

AGRIPPINA. MAT. C. CAES. AVG. GERM. Head of Agrippina. 

AU&AR 
Brought at the Trattle sale, 6/. 6«. and 4/. 14«. 6d 

2. 
DIWS. AVGVSTVS. PATER. PATRIAE. Radiated head of Au- 

gustus AU&AR 

3. 

DRVSVS. Head of Drusus. AR 

4. 
GERMANICVS. CAES. P. C. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. Bare head of 
Germanicus ------------- AU & AR 

Brought at the Trattle sale, 6/. 6s. 

5. 
C. CAESAR. AVG. GERMANICVS. Bare head of Caligula.— iZw. 
IMPERATOR. PONT. MAX. AVG. TR. POT. The lituus and 
simpulum. ---------------- AR 

6. 
P. M. TR. POT. ITER. Victory sitting on a globe, holding a garland. 
(A quinarius) --------------- AU 

Brought at the Trattle sale, 6L 10«. 



1 



152 CALIGULA. 

7. 
P. M. TR. POT. nil. Victory, holding two palm brancheg. - - AU 

8. 
S. P. Q. R. P. P. OB. C. S. within an oak garland. - - - AU & AR 

9. 
C. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. P. M. T. R. POT. Laureated head of 
Caligula.— i2i?!7. TI. CLAVD. CAESAR. AVG. P. M. TR. POT. 
IMP. VI. Laureated head of Claudius AU 

10. 
No legend. Radiated head of Augustus. ------ AU & AR 

11. 
No legend. The head of Augustus between two stars. - - AU & AE 

Brought at the Trattle sale, 3/. and t3/. 7<. 

In gold, No. 4 is the rarest type. The next in rarity are Nos. 7, 
8, 9. In silver, No. 3 is by far the rarest type. The next in rarity is 
No 5, then No. 1. 

The coin with the heads of Agrippina and Julia is suspected. 

BRASS MEDALLION. 

S. P. a R. P. P. OB. CIVES. SERVATOS. within an «^ garland. 
Valued by Mionnet at 300 francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AGRIPPINA. DRVSILLA. IVLIA. S. C. The three sisters of 
Caligula standing. 

2. 
DIVO. AVG. S. C. Three figures, sacrificing before a temple. 

3. 
Same legend. The same type. — Rev, Piety, seated. 

No. 2 is a very rare type. No. 1 is much rarer than No. 3. The 
commonest reverse, is that which represents the emperor haranguing 
his guards; legend, ADLOCVT. COH.; hut it is a very beautiful coin. 

The second brass coins of Caligula are very common, but their fabric 
is very fine. That with Vesta, seated, is the most common. 



CLAUDIA — DRUSILLA. 153 

CLAUDIA. 

[Daughter of Marcus Silanus, and first wife of Caligula, to whom she 
was married in the year of Rome 786 (A. D. 33). Some writers 
suppose her to have died in 789, while others say she was repudiated 
by Caligula in 790. She is called hy Suetonius, Claudilla]. 

The coins attributed to this empress are not authenticated. 

ORESTILLA. 

[Livia Orestilla, or, as some authors have named her, Cornelia Orestina, 
was married to Caligula in the year of Rome 790 (A. D. 37), and 
divorced by him two months afterwards]. 

The coins attributed to this empress, are either false or suspected. 

PAULINA. 

[LoJIia PauHna, third wife of Caligula, was married to the emperor 
in the year of Rome 791 (A. D. 38). She was banished by him soon 
after their marriage, and murdered by order of the younger Agrippina, 
in the year 802 (A. D. 49)]. 

The coins attributed to this empress, are not authenticated. 

CAESONIA. 

[Polsa PauUina Milonia Caesonia, the fourth wife of Caligula, was 
married to the emperor in the year of Rome 793 (A. D. 39), and 
murdered the day after his assassination]. 

There are no authentic coins of this empress; but Panel, in his 
Catalogue of the Museum of Le Bret, produces a gold coin of Caligula, 
with the head of Caesonia on the reverse. Mionnet, however, informs 
us that it is the head of Agrippina, altered to that of Caesonia ; another 
method practised by modem fabricators of rare coins. A coin of Caligula 
of the colony of Carthago Nova, has been attributed to Caesonia, but the 
head which it bears on the reverse, is that of the goddess Salus. 

DRUSILLA. 

[Dnisilla, daughter of Caesonia, was put to death about the same time 
as her mother, in the year of Rome 794 (A. D. 41)]. 

The coins attributed to this princess are doubted. 



n 



154 DRUSILLA CLAUDIUS. 

DRUSILLA. 

[Druailla, sister of Caligula, was bom at Treves, in the year of Rome 
770 (A. D. 17), and died in 791 (A. D. 38)]. 

There are only Greek coins of this princess. Those of Latin fSsbric 
are suspected. 

The first brass coin of Caligula, No. 1, may be supposed to contain 
a portrait of this princess. 

LIVILLA. 

[Julia Livilla, sister of Caligula, was bom in the isle of Lesbos, in the 
year of Rome 771 (A. D. 18). She married the senator Marcus 
Vinicius in 786, and was banished by her brother in 792. Her uncle 
Claudius recalled her in 794 ; but in the same year she was again 
exiled through the intrigues of Messalina, who caused her to be 
murdered a short time afterwards]. 

Only Greek coins of Livilla are known. 



CLAUDIUS. 

[Tiberius Claudius Drusus was bom at Lyons, in the year of Rome 744 
(B. CIO); and upon the death of Caligula, in 794 (A. D. 41), was 
raised to the empire. He was poisoned by his wife Agrippina, in the 
year of Rome 807 (A. D. 54). 

Style:— —TI. CLAVD. {or CLAVDIVS.) CAES. (or CAESAR.) 
AVG. (on reverse, sometimes imp. or imp. p. p.) TI. CLAVD. (or 

CLAVDIVS.) CAESAR. AVG. GERM, {or GERM ANIC VS.) 

TI. CLAVD. {or CLAVDIVS.) CAESAR. AVG. IMP. ^TI. 

CLAVD. CEASAR. AVG. GERM. P. P. TI. CL. (or CLAVD. 

or CLAVDIVS.) CAESAR. AVG. IMP. P. P. ^TI. CLAV- 
DIVS. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. IMP. P. P. IMP. CLAV- 
DIVS. CAESAR. AVG. GERM, (on a colonial coin). IMP. 

TI. CLAVDIVS. AV. GER. (on a coin strack at Antioch, in 

Pisidia). DIVVS. CLAVDIVS. DIVVS. CLAVDIVS. 

AVGVSTVS. DIVVS. CLAVD. AVGVST. GERMANIC. 

PATER. 



CLAUDIUS. 155 

It IS only on his colonial coins that the title imperator is used as a 
prenomen by Claudius. It is frequently found as a suniame on his Latin 
coins. 

Gold - Rl 

„ restored by Trajan -------------R6 

Quinarii ------- ------ R5 

Latin silver medallions struck in Asia ---..----R4 

Silver of the usual size --------------Rl 

First brass -----------------C 

„ restored by Titus R2 

Second and third brass --------------C 

Second brass, restored by Titus -----------Rl 

SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
COBL ASIA. A temple ; within, a man in a military habit, crowned 
by a female; on the peristyle. ROM. £T. AVG. 

2. 
DIAN. EPHE. Statue of the Ephesian Diana. 

3. 
DIAN. EPHESIA. Statue of Diana Ephesia, in a temple. 

4. 
TI. CLAVD. CAES. AVG. AGRIPP. {or AGRIP.) AVGVSTA. The 
heads of Claudius and Agrippina to the left. — Rev. DIANA. 
EPHESIA. Statue of Diana i^hesia. 

The last is much rarer than the others. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
AGRIPPINAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of Agrippina. - - AU & AR 

2. 

CONSTANTIAE. AVGVSTI. A female seated : in her right hand, a 
patera; in her left, a cornucopia. - - AU & AR 

3. 
Same legend, restored by Trajan. ---------- AU 



156 CLAUDIUS. 

4. 
DE. BRITAN. A triumphal arch, surmounted by an equestrian 
figure and trophies. {Plate iv, No, 5). - - - - - AU & AR 

A very fine coin of this type in silver brought 3/. I5s. at the Henderson 
sale. The same type in gold brings, according to condition, from two to 
three guineas at public sales. 

5. 
DE. GERMANIS. A triumphal arch AU & AR 

6. 
DE. GERMANIS. A heap of arms and armour. - ... - AR 

7. 
DIVVS. CLAVDIVS. AVGVSTVS. Head of Claudius.— i2w. EX. 
S. C. The carpentum, drawn by four horses. - - - AU & AR 

8. 

TI. CLAVDIVS. CAESAR. P. M. TR. P. Bare head of Claudius.— 

Rev. EX. S. C. OB. CIVES. SERVATOS. within an oak garland. 

AR 
9. 

DIVVS. CLAVDIVS. Laureated head of Claudius.— i2er. IMP. 
CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. A female, 
seated : in her right hand, a patera; in her left, a double cornu- 
copia. ----------------- AU 

10. 
IMPER. RECEPT. The Praetorian camp. AU & AR 

11. 
DIVOS. CLAUD. AVGVST. GERMANIC. PATER. AVG. Laureated 
head of Qaudius.- iJer. NERO. CLAVD. DIVI. CLAVD. F. 
CAESAR. AVG. GERM. Bearded head of Nero, laureated. AR 

12. 
NERO. CLAVD. CAES. DRVSUS. GERM. PRINC. IVVENT. 
Head of Nero, with beardless fSace. ------ AU & AR 

13. 
P. M. AVGVR. C III. Figure in a quadriga. (KheU), - - AR 

14. 
PRAETOR. RECEPT. The emperor and a soldier. - - AU & AR 

15. 
SACERDOS. DIVI. AVGVSTL Two torches. AR 



r 



CLAUDI US. — AGRIPPINA. 157 

16. 
VICTORIA. AVGVST. Victor}', iiwcribing on a buckler. - - AU 

Of the gold types (excepting, of course, those restored by Trajan) No. 1 2 
is the rarest. No. 2 is the least rare. In silver, No. 15 is the rarest 
type. Nos. 2 and 8 are the least rare. 

FIRST BRASS. WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
DE.GERMANIS. Atrophy. 

This very rare type is valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

2. 
SPES. AVGVSTA. A female standing, holding a Victory. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH SCARCE REVERSES. 

1. 

CONSTANTIAE. AVGVSTI. A hehneted figure, standing; in his 

left hand a spear. 

2. 

S. C. Minerva, to the right. 

The types of Ceres and of Liberty, are very common. No. 2 was 
restored by Titus. 

MESSALINA. 

[Valeria Messalina, daughter of M. V. Messala Barbatas and Domitia 
Lepida, was the third wife of the Emperor Claudius. The time of her 
marriage is not known. She was put to death by Claudius, on account 
of her abominable debaucheries, in the year of Rome 801 (A. D. 48)]. 

Style. VALERIA. MESSALINA. VALERIA. MESSALINA. 

AUG. 

There are Greek and colonial, but no Latin, coins of this empress. 

AGRIPPINA, JUNIOR. 

[Julia Agrippina, daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina, sister of Cali- 
gula, and fourth wife of Claudius, was bom at Cologne, in the year 
of Rome 769 (A. D. 16). Her first husband was the senator C. 
Domitius Ahenobarbus, to whom she was married in 781. After his 
death, she married her uncle Claudius, in 802 (A. D. 49). She was 
assassinated by order of her son Nero, in 812 (A. D. 59)]. 



158 A6RIPPINA, JUNIOR. 

Style : AGRIPPINA. AVGVSTA. AGRIPPINA. AVGVSTA. 

MATER. AVGVSTI. AGRIPPINA. AVGVSTA. CAE- 

SARIS. AVG. (by impUcation, mater) AGRIPPINA. AVG. 

GERMANIC. F. CAESARIS. AVG. M. AGRIPP. AVG. 

DIVI. CLAVD. NERONIS. CAES. MATER. 

Gold R2 

Silver medallions -------- -------R8 

„ of the usual size -------------Rl 

First brass -,---. -----------R8 

SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. __ 

TI. CLAVD. CAESAR. AVG. P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. XIIX. 
Laureated bead of Claudius.— Tier. AGRIPPINA. AVGVSTA. 
CAESARIS. AVG. Head of Agrippina. 

2. 
AGRIPPINA. AVGVSTA. CAESARIS. AVG. Head of Agrippina. 
— Rev. DIAN. EPHE. A statue of the Ephesian Diana, within a 
temple. 

The above were struck in Asia. 

3. 
AGRIPPINA. AVGVSTA. MATER. AVGVSTI. Head of Agti^ 
pina.— iJcr. NERO. CLAVD. DIVI. CLAVD. F. CAESAR. 
AVG. GERMAN. Head of Nero (snudl size). 

The first of these is valued by Mionnet at 120 francs ; the second, at 
80 francs ; and the other, at 72 francs. There is a small medallion, with 
the veiled head of Agrippina, but it is a modem forgery. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE. 

1. 
AGRIPPINAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of Agrippina. ^ /2w. TI. 
CLAVD. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. P. M. TRIE. POT. P. P. 
Head of Claudius. AU&AR 

2. 
AGRIPPINAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of Agrippina.— iJer. NERO. 
CLAVD. DRVSVS. GERM. PRINC. IVVENT. Head of Nero. 

AR 



AGRIPPINA, JUNIOR — CLAUDIA. 159 

3. 

AGRIPP. AVG. DIVI. CLAVD. NERONIS. CAES. MATER. The 

beads of Agrippina and Nero, face to face. — Rev. NERONI. 

CLAVD. DIVI. F. CAES. AVG. GERM. IMP. TR. P. The 

letters EX. S. C. within an oak garland. - - - - AU & AR 

Two coins of this type brought at the Trattle sale, 1/. 12«. and IZ. i8«. 

4. 
NERO. CLAVD. DIVI. F. CAES. AVG. GERM. IMP. TR. P. 
COS. The heads of Agrippina and Nero.— iJw. AGRIPP. (or 
AGRIPPINA.) AVG. DIVI. CLAVD. NERONIS. CAES. MA- 
TER. EX. S. C. (sometimes without EX. S. C.) A male and 
female figure, in a quadriga of elephants. (PUde iv, No, 6), 

AU&AR 

This Qpe, in gold, in very fine condition, brought 3/. 6#. at the 
Tiattle sale. In silver, No. 2 is much the rarest type. The gold are 
vslued by Mionnet at forty-eight francs. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
S. C. A female, seated. 

2. 
S. C. A triumphal arch. 

Valued by Mionnet at 450 francs each. 



CLAUDIA. 

[Claudia, or Claudia Antonia, daughter of Claudius and Aelia Petina, 
was married to Cn. Pompeius Magnus, the senator, in the year of 
Rome 800 (A. D. 47) ; and a second time, to F. Sulla : murdered, in 
815 (A. D. 62). Nero caused her to be put to death because she had 
refused to marry him on the death of Poppaea, in the year of Rome 
818 (A. D. 65)]. 

There are no Latin coins of this lady. Haym, in his Tesoro Britannico, 
has given us a coin bearing her name, but its authority is doubted. The 
name of Antonia is found, with those of Britannicus her brother, and 
ber aster Octavia, on a colonial coin of Claudius. There is another 
colomal coin, and one struck at Alexandria, with &e head of Claudius. 
^Rev, those of his three children. 



160 BRITANNICUS — NERO. 



BRITANNICUS. 

[Tiberius Claudius Britannicus, the son of Claudius and Messalina, was 
bom in the year of Rome 795 (A. D. 42). Through the intrigues of 
his step-mother Agrippina, he was removed from the succession to the 
empire, and Nero was adopted by Claudius in his stead, in the year 
803 (A. D. 50). This prince waa poisoned by Nero, about five years 
afterwards—SOS (A. D. 55)]. 

Style: ^TI. CLAVDIVS. CAESAR. AVG. F. BRITANNICVS. 

BRITANNICVS. AVG. {or AVGVSTVS). 

The coins of Britannicuti, which bear the title of Augustus, are 
colonial. Mionnet attributes this to the ignorance of the moneyer, 
Britannicus having never borne such title. 

First brass -----------.--_. unique 

Third brass ---------------- unique 

FIRST BRASS. 
TI. CLAVDIVS. CAESAR AVG. F. BRITANNICVS. Bare head 
of Britannicus. — Rev. S. C. Mars, marching. (Eckhel). 

THIRD BRASS. 
1. 
BRITANNICVS. AVG. Youthful head of Britannicus.— i2et;. Legend 
obliterated, but within a garland. 

2. 

BRITANNICVS. AVGV Bare head of Britannicus.— /J«». TI. 

CLAVD. . . TR. POT. P. P. Laureated head of Claudius. (Seetim). 

Both &e above are colonial. 



NERO. 

[Lucius Domitius Nero, son of C. D. Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the 
younger, was bom at Antium, in the year of Rome 790 (A. D. 37). 
Adopted by Claudius, and created Caesar, when he took the names of 
Tiberius Claudius Nero Drusus, in 803 (A. D. 50). He received the 
title of Prince of Youth, in 804; and succeeded Claudius in 807 
(A. D. 54). He slew himself upon hearing that the soldiers had pro- 
claimed Galba, in the year of Rome 821 (A. D. 68)]. 



r 



NERO. 161 

Style. NERO. CAESAR. [On reverse, sometimes, avgvstvs. 

oBRMANicvs.] NERO. CLAVD. (or CLAVDIVS.) CAESAR. 

NERO. CLAVD. DIVI. CLAVD. F. CAESAR.^— NERO. 

CLAVD. CAES. DRVSVS. PRINC. I WENT. NERO. 

CLAVDIVS. DRVSVS. GERM. [On reverse, peinceps. iweht.] 

NERO. CLAVD. (or CLAVDIVS.) CAES. DRVSVS. 

GERM. PRINC. IVVENT. NERO. CAESAR. IMP. 

NERO. CLAVD. CAESAR, IMP. ^IMP. NERO. CAESAR. 

IMP. NERO. CLAV. CAESAR. NERO. CAESAR. 

AVGVSTVS. NERO. CLAV. (or CLAVD. or CLAVDIVS.) 

CAE. (or CAES. or CAESAR.) AVG. [On reverse of a few^ 

IMP. P. p.) NERO. CAESAR. AVG. GER. (or GERM.) '- 

NERO. CLAV. (or CLAVD. or CLAVDIVS.) CAE. (or CAES. 
or CAESAK) AVG. GER. (or GERM. GERMANIC, or GER- 
MANIC VS.) [Often on reverse, imp. p. p.) NERO. CAES. (or 

CAESAR.) AVG. IMP. [generally p. p. on reverse] 

NERO. CLAVD. CAES. AVG. IMP. NERO. CAESAR. 

AVG. GERM. IMP. NERO. CLAV. CAE. AVG. GER. 

IM. ^NERO. CLAVD. (or CLAVDIVS.) DIVI. F. CAES. 

AVG. GERM. IMP. NERO. CLAVDIVS. CAES. AVG. 

GERM. P. P. NERO. CLAVD. (or CLAVDIVS.) CAES. (or 

CAESAR.) AVG. GER. (or GERM.) IMP. P. P. IMP. 

NERO. CAESAR. AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) IMP. NERO. 

CAESAR. AVG. GERM, (or GERMANIC.) IMP. NERO. 

CLAVD. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. IM. IMP. NERO. 

CAESAR. AVG. P. P. IMP. NERO. CLAVD. CAESAR. 

AVG. GER. (or GERM.) P. P. 

Gold VC 

Silver medallions, with head of Claudius on reverse ----- R 3 

„ of the usual size ------------- S* 

„ quinarii ----------------R2 

Brass medallions -------- --R6 

„ Contomiati ---------------Ri 

First brass VC 



* The silver coins of Nero are generally ill struck, or are in bad condition. 
A really fine and round denarius is seldom met with, and will consequently 
bring a high price. 

VOL. 1. M 



162 NERO. 

Second brass .-.------------- VC 

Third brass S 

SILVER MEDALLION. 

DIVOS. CLAVD. AVGVST. GERMANIC. PATER. AVG. Lau- 
reated bead of Gaudius. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
ARMENIAC. Victory, marcbing, bolding a pabn branch and a gar- 
land. (A qumariui). ------------ AR 

2. 
AVGVSTVS. AVGVSTA. Two figures, standing; one, holding the 
basta; the other, a cornucopia and a patera. - - AU & AR 

3. 
AVGVSTVS. GERMANICVS. A figure, standing, with radiated 
bead : in bis left band, a Victory ; in bis right, a branch. - AU 

4. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTA. A figure, seated .- in her right hand, a 
patera; in her left, a cornucopia. --------- AU 

5. 
EQUESTER. ORDO. PRINCIPI. IVVENT. inscribed on a buckler. 
The obverse has the youthful bead of Nero. - - - AU & AR 

This type, in gold, very fine, brought 3L at the Trattle sale. 

6. 

IVPITER. LIBERATOR. Jupiter, sitting, holding a ^undeibolt in 
his right hand. -------------- AR 

7. 
LEIBERTAS. Head of Liberty (of harharmu fabric). - - - AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 finncs. 

8. 
PACE. P. R. TERRA. MARIQVE. PARTA. lANVM. CLVSIT. 

The temple of Janus, closed. ---------- AU 

In fine preservation, brought 1/. 11«. at the Trattle sale. 



NERO. 163 

9. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. VII. (or VIII. or Villi, or X.) COS. IIII. 
P. P. EX. S. C. A military figure, standiiig. .... AU 

10. 
SACERD. COOPT. IN. OMN. CONL. SVPRA. NVM. EX. S. C. 
Sacrificial instruments. .......... AU & AR 

11. 
TI. CLAVD. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. P. M. TR, P. XI. IMP. 
P. P. Laureated head of Claudius. ------.- AU 

12. 
Same legend. Sacrificing instruments. ...... AU & AR 

13. 
VESTA. A circular temple. AU & AR 

14. 
IMP. NERO. CAESAR. AVG. P. P. Head of Nero. — Rev, No 
legend : an eagle, between two military ensigns. .... AR 

15. 
Withofut legend. Victory, incribing a buckler. -.---- AR 

No. 7 is by &t the rarest gold coin of Nero. Nos. 2, 10, 11, and 12, 
are rarer than the remainder. In silver, No. 1 is much the rarest. No. 
10 is rarer than the remainder. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ADLOCVT. COH. Nero, haranguing his soldiers : five figives. 

2. 
ROMA. S. C. Rome, seated. 

3. 
SECVRITAS. A VGVSTI. A female figure, sitting before an altar. 

Mionnet values the first at 200 francs; No. 2, at 150 francs; and 
No 3, at 100 firancs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVT. COH. The emperor, haranguing his soldiers. 

There are two varieties of this coin. 

M 2 



164 NERO. 

2. 
CONG. I. (or II. or III.) DAT. POP. S. C. The emperor, distri- 
buting the congiarium. 

These records of the munificence of the Roman emperors, supply many 
omissions of the Roman historians, who allude to them but seldom. 
Spanheim has observed that no historian or inscription commemorates 
the bounty of Nerva, of Geta, or Pupienus, whose gifts are recorded on 
their coins alone. Some authors have supposed that these donations 
were made from the steps of the theatre ; but the coins shew that there 
was a tribune or estrade erected for the purpose. 

3. 
DECVRSIO. A horseman, attended by two soldiers: one bearing a 
standard and a shield. 

4. 
DECVRSIO. Two horsemen : one, bearing a spear transversely ; the 
other, the labarum. 

5. 

MAC. AVG. The macellum of Nero. 

Valued by Mionnet at thirty francs. 

6. 
The same edifice, without legend. 

7. 
S. C. A triumphal arch: on the summit, a figure in a quadriga; a 
Victory on each side. 

8. 
PORT. OST. AVGVSTI. The port of Ostia, with seven vessels : 
below, a river-god. 

9. 
SABINAE. The rape of the Sabines : in the back ground, three 
obelisks. 

No. 5 is much the rarest ; tlie next in rarity is No. 6 ; then No. 2. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVGVSTI. A galley : above, C. P. (adonial fabric). 



NERO. 165 

2. 
ANNONA. AVGVSTI. CERES. Fortune, with her attrihutes. 

3. 
DEC VRSIO. Same types as the large brass, Nos. 4 and 5. 

4. 
HERCVLI. AVGVSTO. C. P. Hercules. (eoUmial fabric). 

5. 
MAC. AVG. S. C. An edifice, as on the large brass, Nos. 5 and 6. 

6. 
MAC. AVG. IL S. C. Same type. 

7. 
PACE. P. R. TERRA. MARIQVE. (or VBia) PARTA. lANVM. 
CLVSIT. 

This type occurs also in first brass (see Plate tv, No. 7) ; but is not so 
scarce on coins of that size, although, when fine, they bring a very high 
price : the coin from which this drawing was made is in the British 
Museum, and is in the finest possible preservation. 

8. 
PORTV. OST. AVGVSTI. The port of Ostia, as on the large brass. 

9. 
S. C. A quadriga, on a triumphal arch. 

No. 8 is much the rarest Nos. 1 and 4 are more rare than the 
remainder. 

THIRD BRASS. 

1. 
CERTAMEN. QVINQ. ROM. CO. A vase and a garland on a table: 
below, two horsemen; beneath, a discus. 

This is without the letters S. C. 

2. 
S. C. CER. QVINQ. ROMAE. CON. A similar type to the above. 

3. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. POT. IMP. P. P. S. C. Nero in a female habit, 
playing on the lyre. 



1 66 OCTAVl A — MESS ALINA. 

4. 
GENIO. AVGVSTI. S. C. Bonus Eventus, sacrificing. 

Nos. 1 and 3 are the rarest Some of the coins of Nero, in third 
brass, are of very beautiful fabric. 

OCTAVIA. 

[Octavia, daughter of Claudius and Messalina, was bom at Rome in the 
year of that city 795-6 (A. D. 42 or 43). She was married to Nero in 
806, and shortly afterwards divorced, and banished to Campania. She 
was subsequently recalled, and exiled to the island of Pandataria, 
where Nero compelled her to destroy herself in the year of Rome 
815 (A. D. 62)]. 

Style. OCTAVIA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA.) OCTAVIA. AV- 
GVSTI. (by impUcation, uxor) OCTAVIA. NERONIS. AVG. 

The only coins of this empress at present known, are of colonial and 
Greek fabric. 

POPPAEA. 

[Poppaea Sabina, second wife of Nero, daughter of Titus Ollius and 
Poppaea Sabina; was married to the emperor in the year of Rome 
815 (A. D. 63). She died of the effects of a kick received from Nero 
when in a state of pregnancy, in ^18 (A. D. 66)]. 

There are two Latin coins, which were probably struck in some colony, 
on the reverse of which the name of Poppaea occurs. (See the coins of 
her daughter Claudia). Mionnet gives a Greek coin of pure silver, and 
of the size of a denarius : — 

nonnAIA. NEPQNOS. SEBASTOY. Head of Poppaea to the 
right.-~ii:<;t;. NEPON. KAI2AP. 2EBA2T0S. Laureated head 
of Nero to the right 

MESSALINA. 

[Statilia Messalina, third wife of Nero, was married to the emperor in 
the year of Rome 8] 8 (A. D. 66). After the death of Nero, she went 
into retirement; and, although she had had no less than five husbands, 
Otho would have married her, had fortune favoured him. The time of 
her death is not known]. 

There are only Greek coins of this empress. 




CLAUDIA — CLODIU8 MACER. 167 



CLAUDIA. 

[Gaudia, the daughter of Nero and Poppaea, was born at Antium, in the 
year of Rome 816 (A. D. 64). She died an infant]. 

Sttli.— CL A VD. (or CL AVDI A.) AVGVSTA . ^DI V A. CL A VDI A . 

NEILF. 

Third bra« R8 

Lead R8 

1. 
DIVA. CLAVDIA. NER. F. round a temple.— Rev. DIVA. POP- 
PAEA. (or DIVA. POPPAEA. AVG.) round a temple. 

2. 
CLAVDIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Claudia.— i2er. NERO. CAESAR. 
Head of Nero. 

The first of these, which is of the size of third brass, is valued by 
Mionnet at forty francs ; and the other (in lead) at thirty francs. 



CLODIUS MACER. 

[Lucius Clodius Macer was pro-praetor of Africa, under Nero. He 
assumed the title of emperor on hearing the news of the death of 
that tyrant; but was reduced and put to death, by order of Galha, in 
the year of Rome 821 (A. D. 68)]. 

Style. L. C. (or CLOD, or CLODIVS.) MACER. [On reverse of 

some, PROPR. (or proprae.) africae.] 

Silver, with his head --------------R8 

„ without his head -------------R8 

1. 
L. CLO. . . MACRI. S. C. A female standing, wearing the stola: in 
her right hand, a cap ; in her left, a patera. — Rev. LEG. I. MAC. 
A Roman eagle, between two ensigns. 

2. 
L. CLOD. MACRI. LIBERATRIX. S. C. Head of Africa.— /iet;. 
MACRIANA. LIB. LEG. LEG. I. Three ensigns. 




168 CLODIOUS MACER. 

3. 
L. CLODI. MACRI. S. C. A female, Btanding.— i2<;v. MACRIANA. 
LIB. LEG. L Three ensignB. 

4. 
L. CLODL MACRL LIBERA. S. C. Head of Africa.--i2et;. LIB. 

AVG. LEG. ill. A Homan eagle, between two ensigns. 

5. 
L. CLODI. MACRI. S. C. Bust of Victory.— /2e©. LIB. AVG. LEG. 

III. A Roman eagle, between two ensigns. 

6. 
L. CLODI. MACRI. LIBERATRIX. S. C. Head of Africa; behind, 

two arrows. — Rev, LIB. AVG. LEG. fll. Roman eagle, &c., aa 
before. (Mionnet), 

7. 
L. CLODI. MACRI. LIBERA. S. C. Head of Africa.— /?«;. AVG. 
LEG. in. Three ensigns. ^ 

8. 
L. C. CLODI, MACRI, S. C. A Uon's head.— i?«?. LIB, AVG, LEG, 

III, Three ensigns. 

9. 
L. C, MACRI. CARTHAGO. Female head, with turreted crown : 
behind, a cornucopia. — Rev. SICILIA. The triquetra, with the 
head of Medusa in the centre, and ears of com in the compartments. 
(Mionnet), 

10. 
L. CLODIVS. MACER. S. C. Bare head of Oodius Macer. — Bev. 
PROPRAE. AFRICAE. A galley. (Plate r, No, 1). 

Valued by Mionnet at 300 francs.* 

N OS. 1 to 4, and No. 9, are the rarest (excepting, of course. No. 10). 
No. 5 is rarer than the remaining numbers. 



* Fourteen guineas were recently offered for a coin of this type, which sum 
was refused by the possessor. The coin engraved in plate t;, is in the cabinet of 
the French king. 






m 





OALBA. 169 



GALBA. 

[ServiuB Snlpicius Galba, bom of the family of the Sulpicii, in the year 
of Rome 751 (B. C. 3), was governor of Spam under Nero. Having 
been proclaimed emperor by the army, and acknowledged by the 
Roman senate, he succeeded Nero in 821 (A. D. 68), and was 
murdered by the praetorian guards in the following year, after a reign 
of seven months]. 

Sttlb : SER. SVL. GALBA. GALBA. IMP. (or IMPERAT. or 

IMPERATOR.) SER. (or SERV.) GALBA. IMP. (or IMPE- 

RATOR.) SER. SVLP. GALBA. IMP. IMP. {or IMPE- 
RATOR.) GALBA. IMP. (or IMPERATOR.) SER. GALBA. 

IMP. GALBA. CAESAR. IMP. SER. SVL. GALBA. 

CAESAR. SER. GALBA. CAESAR. AVG. SVL. GAL. 

CAESAR. AVG. SER. GALBA. IMP. AVG. (or AVGVS- 

TVS.) SER. SVLPICI. GALBA. IMP. AVG. GALBA. 

IMP. CAES. AVG. SER. GALBA. IMP. CAES. (or 

CAESAR.) AVG. SVL. GAL. CAE. AVG. IMP. SER. 

SVLP. (or SVLPI.) GALBA. IMP. CAESAR. AVG. SER. 

GALBA. IMP. CAESAR. AVG. P. P. IMP. SER. GALBA. 

AVG. [sometimes on reverse, imp.] IMP. SER. GALBA. CAE. 

(or CAES. or CAESAR.) AVG. IMP. SER. SVLP. GALBA. 

CAES. AVG. IMP. GALBA. CAESAR. AVG. P. P. 

Gold, with or without his head -----------R2 

„ restored by Trajan -------------R4 

Silver, without his head ------- ------Ri 

„ with his head --------------C 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

Brass CorUomkUi ---------------R4 

First brass -----------------C 

„ restored by Titus ----- -------R6 

Second brass -----------------C 

„ restored by Titus R2 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
BON I. EVENTVS. A naked figure, standing: in his right hand, a 
patera; in his left, ears of com. --------- AR 



170 6ALBA. 

2. 
CONCORDIA. PROVINCI ARYM. A female, standing : in her right 
hand, a branch ; in her left, a cornucopia. - . - - AU & AR 

3. 
Same legend. A female, seated : a patera in her right hand. - - AR 

4. 
FORTVNA. AVG. Fortune, standing. AU&AR 

6. 
GALBA. IMP. The emperor, on horseback. ------ AR 

6 
GALLIA. HISPANI A. Two females (Spain and Gaul), joining hands : 
one holding a spear ; the other, two spears and a buckler. (Plate 
VyNo.2). AR 

7. 
GALLIA. A female head: before, two ears of com; behind, two 
javelins, and a shield. — Rev, SER. GALBA. IMP. The emperor, 
on horseback. --------------- AR 

8. 
H ISPANI A. A female wearing the stola, standing : in her right hand, an 
ear of com and a poppy ; in her left, a shield and two spears. AR 

9. 
HISPANIA. Female head. — Bev. The emperor, on horseback. AR 

10. 
IMP. The emperor, on horseback. ------- AU & AR 

IMP. AVG. A female, standing : in her right hand, ears of com and 
poppies ; her left, resting upon a buckler. ------ AR 

12. 
IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. Liberty, 
standing. AU&AR 

• 

13. 

LIBERTAS. P. R. A female, standing, between two ears of com. 

AR 
14. 

LIBERTAS. RESTITVTA. Female head.— -iJw. S. P. Q. R. on a 

buckler, within an oak garland. - - -*- - - - AU& AR 



r 



OALBA. 171 

15. 
LIBERTAS. RESTITVTA. Female head. (The ob?ene has the 
head of Galba). AR 

16. 
Same legend. A female, Btanding. •-.------- AR 

17. 
PAX. A VG. A female, Btanding : in her right hand, an oliye branch ; 
on her left arm, a cornucopia. ---------- AU 

18. 
REST. NVM. A female head. AR 

19. 

ROMA. RENASC. (RENASCES. or RENASCENS.) A miUtaiy 

figure: in his right hand, a Victory; in his left, a Roman eagle. 

AU&AR 
20. 

ROMA. VICTRIX. Rome, sitting, or standing. - - - AU & AR 

21. 
SALVS. GEN. HVMANI. A female, sacrificing. - - - AU&AR 

22. 
SALVS. GENERIS. HVMANI. Victory, on a globe.— iZ^c^. S. P. Q. 
R. within a civic crown. ---------- AU & AR 

23. 
S. P.O. R. within an oak garland. AU&AR 

24. 
SER. SVLPICI. GALEAE. IMP. AVG. Female head: behmd, two 
jayelins and a buckler; before, two ears of com. — Bev. S. P. Q. R. 
A buckler, and an arrow. ----------- AR 

25. 
S. P. Q. R. OB. S. C. within an oak garland. - - - - AU & AR 

26. 
SERV. GALBA. IMP. The emperor, on horseback.— i^et;. TRES. 
GALLIAE. Three female heads, with three ears of com, on three 
globes. ----------------- AR 

27. 
VICTORIA. GALEAE. AVG. Victory, on a globe. {Aqumarhu), AR 



172 GALBA. 

28. 
VICTORIA. GALBAE. AVG. Victory, marching. - - - - AR 

29. 
VICTORIA. P. R. Victory, a8 before. AU&AR 

30. 

VICTORIA. Victory, inscribing the letters P. R. on a buckler. 

AU&AR 
31. 

VIRTVS. Head of Virtue.—/J«;. SER. GALBA. IMP. Galba, on 
horseback. ---------------- AR 

32. 
Same legend. Three standards. ----------- AU 

In gold, No. 17 is the rarest (excepting of course. No. 12). Nos. 2, 
20, and 21, are rarer than the remaining numbers. Nos. 15 and 18 
are much the rarest types in silver. No. 6 is the next in rarity ; then 
No. 26. No. 24 is much rarer than the remainder. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. The emperor, on an estrade, attended by the praetorian 
praefect, haranguing his soldiers. 

There are varieties of this type. 

2. 

AVGVSTA. A female, seated: in her right hand, a patera; in her 

left, the hasta. 

3. 

EX. S. C. OB. CIVES. SERVATOS. within an oak garland. 

4. 
HISPANIA. CLVNIA. SVL. The emperor, seated : a female with a 
cornucopia, presenting him with a figure of Victory. 

Valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

This interesting coin was struck to commemorate the escape of Galba, 
from the death to which Nero had doomed him. We are told by 
Suetonius, that Galba intercepted the letters of Nero, who had given 
orders for his execution ; and that he was encouraged in his design to 
assume the purple, by the predictions of Clunia, who here presents 
him with a Victory, in token of his success. 



r 



GALBA. 173 

5. 
HONOS. £T. VIRTVS. A male and female figure, standing: the 
first helmeted, holding the parazonium and the hasta^ the other, 
the hasta and a cornucopia. 

6. 
LIBERTAS. RESTITYTA. The emperor, and two figures. 

7. 

LIBERTAS. RESTIT. A kneeling female, presenting a child to 

the emperor. 

8. 

LIBERTAS. XL. R. QYADRAGESIMAE. REMISSAE. 

9. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars, marching. 

10. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTI. A female, veiled, hefore an altar, with the fire 
kindled; ahove, a victim. 

11. 
QVADRAGENS. REMISSAE. A triumphal arch. 

12. 
REMISSAE. XXXX. (or XXXX. REMISSAE.) A triumphal arch. 

Valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

13. 
ROMA. R. XL. An armed figure, standing, leaning on a coat of mail, 
and holding a caduceus and a Victory. 

14. 
ROMA. RENASCENS. A figure, standing, holding a Victory. 

15. 
ROMA. RESTIT. The emperor raising a female with a child. 

16. 
S. C. Esculapius, standing. 

17. 
S. C. Apollo standing, holding a staff, with a serpent. 

18. 
SENATVS. PIETATL AVGVSTI. The emperor, crowned by two 
senators. 



n 



174 OALBA OTHO. 

19. 
IMP. T. CAES. DIVI. VESP. AVG, P. M. TR. P. P. P. COS. VIII. 

In the field, REST, and S. C. 
Valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

20. 
IMP. T. VESP. AVG. P. M. TR. P. VIII. In the field, S. C. 

Nos. 4, 12, and 19, are the rarest; the next in rarity are Nos. 11, 18, 
and 20 ; then Nos. 1, 7, 10, 15. Nos. 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, are the least rare. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
QVADRAGENS. REMISSAE. A triumphal arch. 

2. 
IMP. T. VESP. AVG. P. M. TR. P. VIII. In the field of the coin, S. C. 

3. 
IMP. T. VESP. AVG. REST. Liberty, standing. 

4 
IMP. T. CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. AVG. REST. In the field, S. C. 

5. 
Without legend. A Roman eagle, between two standards; the last 
resting on the prows of vessels. 

No. 1 is the rarest : the next in rarity are 3 and 4. The commonest 
reverse is that with Liberty, except when restored, as in No. 3. 

OTHO. 

[Marcus Salvius Otho, son of Lucius Salvius Otho and Albia Terentia, 
was bom in the year of Rome 785 (A. D. 32). He traced his descent 
from the ancient kings of Etruria. Otho was governor of Lusitania 
under Nero, and took part in the revolt of Galba, in 821 (A. D. 68). 
Having caused the assassination of Galba, and been proclaimed 
emperor by his soldiers, he was compelled to dispute the succession 
with Vitellius, who had in the mean time been received as emperor 
by the legions of Germany, After three successive victories, he was 
overthrown at Brixellum, and immediately slew himself, in 822 (A. D, 
69). He reigned but eighty days]. 

Style : ^IMP. OTHO. CAES. (or CAESAR.) AVG. (or AVG VST.) 

IMP. M. OTHO. CAE. (CAES. or CAESAR.) AVG. M. 

OTHO. CAESAR, AVG. IMP. P. P. 



OTHO. 175 

The coin of Otho which bean this last title (PATER. PATRIAE.) is 
of brass; but is supposed to be a restored coin. No Latin coin is known 
in brass except this, and its authenticity is doubted. The absence of 
brass coins of Otho is a singular fact ; for Tacitus informs us, that when 
this emperor was elected, the senate assembled, and voted him the title 
of Augustus, and the Tribunicia Potestas ; yet it would appear that no 
medal was struck by order of the conscript fathers, in honour of the new 
prince. Some antiquaries indulge the fond hope, that at a fiiture time a 
deposit of the brass coins of Otho may be discovered. 

Gold R4 

Silver Rl 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PAX. ORBIS. TERRARVM. A female, standing; in her right hand^ 
a caduceus. ------------- AU & AR 

The gold brought 7/. 15«. at the Trattle sale. 

2. 
PONT. MAX. The emperor, on horseback. AR 

3. 
Same legend. A female standing, with a cornucopia, and ears of 
com. --------------- AU & AR 

4. 
Same legend. A female standing, holding a balance and a spear. AR 

5. 
Same legend. A female standing, holding a branch. - - - - AR 

6. 
Same legend. A female seated: in her right hand, a patera; in her 
left, a spear. --------------- AR 

7. 
SECURITAS. R. P. A female standing, holding a garland and the 
hasta. (Plate V, No. S). AU & AR 

The gold brought 8/. 7s. 6(2. and 8/. 12«. 6d. at the Trattle sale. 

8. 
VICTORIA. OTHONIS. Victory, standing, or walking. - AU & AR 
There is a modem forgery of this type, which is the rarest of the above. 



176 VITELLIUS. 



VITELLIUS. 

f Aulus Vitellius, son of Lucius Vitellius and Seztilia, was born in the 
year of Rome 768 (A. D. 15). He was sent as Legate into Germany, 
by Galba, in 821 (A. D. 68), and proclaimed emperor in the following 
year by the Legions of Germany. Having defeated Otho, he reigned 
eight months, when he was murdered by the soldiers of Vespasian]. 

Style : ^A. VITELLIVS. IMP. GERMAN, (or GERMANICVS.) 

^A. VITELLIVS. GERM, (or GERMAN, or GERMANI- 
CVS.) IMP. A. VITELLIVS. GERMAN. AVG. A. 

VITELLIVS. AVG. IMP. GERMAN. A. VITELLIVS. 

IMP. AVG. GERMAN. A. VITELLIVS. GER. (GERM, or 

GERMAN, or GERMANICVS.) IMP. AVG. 

Gold, with his head -------------- R4 

Silver, with his head --------------C 

„ without his head -------------R2 

First brass R3 

Second brass ----------------R2 



GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AVGVR. TRI. POT. Sacrificial instruments. AR 

2. 
AVGVSTVS. GERMANICVS. A figure, standing. - • - AR 

3. 
CLEMENTIA. IMP. GERM, (or GERMAN, or GERMANICI,). A 
figure, seated : in the right hand, a branch ; the left resting on a 
column. -------------- AU & AR 

4. 

CONCORDIA. P. R. A female, seated, with patera and cornucopia. 

AU 
Brought 6/. 12i. 6d. at the Tratde sale. 

* 5. 
CONCORDIA. PRAETORIANORVM. A female, standing: in her 
right hand, a caduceus; in her left, a cornucopia (or a female, 
seated: in her right hand, a branch ; in her left, a cornucopia). AR 



VITELLIUS. 177 

6. 

CONSENSVS. EXERCITVVM. (or EXERCITVM.) Man, marching. 

AU&AR 
7. 

FIDES. EXERCITVVM. Two hands, joined. (Mioimet). - AU 

8. 
PIDES. EXERCITVVM. Two hands, joined.— /2ev. FIDES. PRAE- 
TORIANORVM. Two hands, joined. AR 

9. 
I. 0. M. CAPITOLINVS. Statue of Jupiter, seated within a temple. 

AR 

10. 

IVPPITER. r«cj VICTOR. Jupiter, seated. AU 

11. 
I. 0. M. CAPITOLINVS. Head of Jupiter : before, a pahn branch. 
—Rev. VESTA. P. R. QVIRITIVM. Vesta, seated. - - AR 

12. 

A. VITELLIVS. IMP. GERMAN, (or A. VITELLIVS. G&RM. 

IMP. AVG. TR. P.) Head of ViteUius.— /2ev. L. VITELLIVS. 

COS. III. CENSOR, (or IIL COS. CENSOR.) Head of Lucius 

Vitellius. (Plate V, No. 6), AU & AR 

13. 
L. VITELLIVS. III. COS. CENSOR. The same heads. - - AR 

14. 
L VITELLIVS. COS. III. CENSOR. A sedent figure - AU & AR 

15. 
LIBERI. IMP. GERM. AVG. (or LIBERI. IMP. GERMAN.) 
Two youthful heads, &oe to hce. ...... AU & AR 

16. 
LIBERTAS. RESTITVTA. Liberty, standing. AU 

17. 
PONTIP. MAXIM. A figure, seated. AU 

Brought 41. U. at the sale of the Tratde collection. 

18. 
PBAETORIANORVM. Two hands, joined. AR 

19. 
SECVRITAS IMP. GERMAN. A female, seated. . - . - AU 

TCI. I. N 



178 VITELLIUS. 

20. 
SENATVS. P. a ROMANVS. Victoiy, marching with a buckler. AU 

21. 
S. P. Q. R. OB. C. S. within an oak garland. AU 

Brought 6L 6t, at the Trattle sale. Another brought 3L only. 

22. 
VESTA. P. R. QVIRITIVM. Veata, seated. - - - AU & AR 

23. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victory, holding a buckler, inscribed S. 
P. Q. R. AU 

24. 
Same l^;end. Victory, erecting a trophy. ....--. AU 

25. 
XV. VIR. SACR. FAC. A tripod and a dolphm. - - - - AU 

26. 
No legend. Victory, seated. ------------ AR 

No. 12 is an extremely rare tjrpe in gold. No. 7 is much rarer than 
the other numbers. In silver, Nos. 12, 13, and 15, are very rare. Of 
the remaining numbers. No. 9 is the rarest 

nUST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. A female seated. 

2. 
HONOS. ET. VIRTVS. Honour and Virtue, standing. 

3. 
FIDES. EXERCITWM. Two hands, joined. 

4. 
L. VITEL. (or VITELL. or VITELLIVS.) CENSOR. II. A figure, 
seated on an estrade : four figiu-es (or three) below. 

An indifferent coin of this type brought 61. 10«. at the Trattle sale. 

5. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars standing, holding a Victory on his right hand. 

Broughtf in fine preservation, 6/. ISs, at the Trattle sale. 



VITELLIUS. 179 

6. 

PAX« AVGVSTI. Peace, standing, holding an cAiye branch and a 

cornucopia. {Plate v. No. 4). 

7. 
FAX. GER. ROMA. Rome : the emperor and a female, standing ; 

the fiiBt, presenting an oliye branch to the emperor. 

8. 
S. P. Q. R. OB. CIV. SER. within a laurel garland. 

9. 
VRBEM. RESTiT VTAM. The emperor, raising up a female figure, 

hdmeted ; by his side, two soldiers with shields and spears. 

10. 
YKBS. RESTITVTA. An armed figure, standing: in his right hand, 
a Victory; in his left, a spear. 
Noc. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 11, are the rarest 

11. 
No legend. Man marching, with a trophy on his left shoulder, and a 
javelin in his right hand. 
Brought, in extremely fine preservation, 9L at the Trattle sale. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. Equity, standing. 

2. 
CERES. AVG. Ceres, with her attributes, seated. 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTI. Concord, seated, witk a patera and 

cornucopia. 

4. 
CONSENSVS. EXERCITVVM. Mars, marching with a trophy (or a 

standard). 

5. 

FIDES. EXERCITVVM. Two hands joined. 

6. 
LIBERTAS. RESTITVTA. Liberty, standing. 

7. 
PAX. AVGVSTI. Peace, standing, applying a torch to a heap of arms. 

The coin with this legend, haying the emperor and a soldier joining 

hands, is suspected. The other types, with PAX. AVGVSTI. are less 

rare than those here described. 

N 2 



1 80 VITELLIUS — VESPASI ANUS. 

8. 
PROVIDENT, (or PROVID.). An altar. 

9. 
ROMA. RENASCENS. Roma-Victrix, standing. 

10. 
TVTELA. AVGVSTI. A sedent female, with a child. 

11. 
VRBEM. RESTITVTAM. Same type as No. 8, in first brass. 

12. 
VICTOR. AVGVSTI. Victory, erecting a trophy; a captive at the base. 

13. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victory, marching with a buckler, inscribed 

S. P. Q. R. 
The coin with SECVRITAS. P. ROMANI. ; a woman, sitting before 
an altar, is suspected. 
The rarest type is No. 11. Nos. 4, 9, and 10, are next in rarity. 

LUCIUS VITELLIUS. 

[Lucius Vitellius, father of the emperor Aulus Vitellius, died in the year 
of Rome 801 or 802 (A. D. 48 or 49), of a paralytic affection, having 
been censor and three times consul]. 

Sttlb: L. VITELLIVS. COS. IIL CENSOR. L. VITEL- 

LIVS. IIL COS. CENSOR. L. VITEL. (or VITELLIVS.) 

CENSOR. II. 

Gold, with the head of the emperor, his son, on reverse (see A. VitelliuB 
the emperor, No. 12) ------------R8 

Silver (see the same No.) ------------R4 

The head of Vitellius is found only on the reverse of his son's coins. 
That in first brass, No. 4/ is without his head, but has the legend, L. 
VITELLIVS. CENSOR. N. It should be observed, that history does 
not mention that Vitellius, the father, had been censor twice. 

VESPASIANUS. 

[Flavins Vespasianus, son of Flavins Sabinus and Vespasia Polla, was 
bom at Rease, in the year of Rome 762 (A. D. 9). Made governor 
of Judea, by Nero, in 819. He became master of the empire in 822 
(A. D. 69) ; and died, in the place of his birth, in 832 (A. D. 79)]. 



r 



VESPASIANUS. 181 

Style: CAESAR. VESPASIAN VS. IMP. VESPASIAN VS. 

IMP. CAESAR. VESPASIAN. CAESAR. VESPASIA- 

NVS. AVG. [On reyene, lometinies, imp.] IMP. VESP. (or 

VESPASIAN, or VESPASIANVS.) AVG. [On reveTse, some- 

, times, p. p.] IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) VESP. (or VESPA. 

or VESPAS. or VESPASIAN, or VESPASIANVS.) AVG, (or 
AVGVSTVS.) [On reverse, sometimes, ayovb. or imp. or censor. 

or p. p. or p. p. cBMs.] IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) AVG. 

VESP. (or VESPASIANVS.) IMP. CAE. (or CAES. oi- 

CAESAR.) VESP. (or VESPAS. or VESPASIAN, or VESPA- 
SIANVS.) AVG. P. P. IMP. CAESAR. VESPASIAN. AVG. 

IMP. P. P. IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) VESP. AVG. CE. 

(or CEN. or CENS.) IMP, CAES. VESP. (or VESPASIAN.) 

AVG. P. P. CENS. DIVVS. VESPASIANVS. DIVVS. 

AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) VESP. (or VESPAS. or VESPASIA- 
NVS.) [On reverse, sometimes, imp. p. p. ]. 

Gold C 

„ restored by Trajan ---------- ---R4 

Sflver medallions ---------------R2 

Silver, of tiie usual size- -------------C 

Brass medallions ---------------R2 

Contoraiati -----------------R3 

First brass C 

Second brass -----------------C 

Third brass, without bis head C 

„ with his head -------------Ri 

SILVER MEDALLION. 
DIANA. EPHESIA. The statue of the Ephesian Diana. 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 

AETERNITAS. A female standing, holding in her hands the heads of 
the Sun and the Moon. --.---..-- AU & AR 

2. 

AVG.'within an oak garland. -- AR 



182 VESPASIANUS. 

3. 
AVG. and the letters EPHE. in monogram, within a similar crown. AR 

4. 
CAESAR. AVG. TR. P. CAES. AVG. F. COS. The heads of Titos 
and Domitian, face to face. ----------- AU 

5. 

CAESAR. AVG. F. COS. CAESAR. AVG. F. PR. The same heads. 

AU&AR 
6. 

CAESARES. VESP. AVG. FILL Titus and Domitian standing, in 
the toga ----------------- AU 

7. 
CERES. AVGVST. Ceres standing. AU&AR 

8. 
CONSEN. (or CONSENS.) EXERCIT. Two figures joining hands. 

AU&AR 
9. 

COS. IIL FORT. RED. A female, standing. AU 

10. 
COS. VIII. The prow of a yessel; helow, a star. AR 

IL 
DE. JUDAEIS. A trophy. AU & AR 

12. 
DIVVS. AVGVSTVS. VESPASIANVS. EX. S. C. The carpcntnm. 

AU&AR 
13. 

DIVVS. AVGVSTVS. VESPASIANVS. Head of Vespasian— A». 
EX. S. C. A quadriga. ------------ AU 

14. 
EX. S. C. The carpentum, drawn by four horses. - - - AU & AR 

15. 
EX. S. C. Victory, raising a trophy. ------- AU 8c AR 

16. 
EX. S. C. A vase, on a column, between two olive branches. AU & AR 

17. 
FIDES. RESTITVTA. A female, standing. AR 



VESPA8IANUS. 183 

18. 
IMP. CAES. TRAJAN. AVO. OER. DAC. P. P. REST. A thunder- 
bolt on a cnrole chair ............ aU 

19. 
Suae legend. A trophy. - AU 

20. 
Some legend. A figure, kneeling. --- •- AU 

21. 

IMP. VESPAS. CAE. DOM RES. The heads of Titus and 

Domitian. ------------..-• AU 

22. 

IMP. T. CAES. VESP. or IMP. VESPAS. AVG. TR. P. II. COS. II. 
(or IMP. CAES. VESP. . . TR. POT. II. COS. III.). Bare head of 
Titus. AU 

23. 
IMP. V. P. P. COS. 11. DESIO. III. Rome, sitting. - - - - AU 

24. 

IMP. V. P. P. COS. II. DESI6. III. Rome, seated, and the emperor, 
standing. - ----....-- AU 

25. 
IMP. XIX. A man milking a goat AR 

26. 
IVDAEA. A female, seated at the foot of a trophy. - - AU&AR 

27. 
IVDAEA. DEVICTA A female, beneath a pahn tree. - AU&AR 

28.. 
LIBERI. AVG. VESPAS. The heads of Titus and Domitian, face 
to face. ----------------- AR 

29. 
LIBERI. AVG. VESPAS. The same heads, with the letters EPHE. in 
monogram. ---------------- AR 

30. 
LIBERI. IMP. AVG. VESPAS. Titus and Domitian, standing. - AR 



184 VESPASIANUS. 

31. 
Another, with EPHE. in monogram. .-....-.. AR 

32. 
LIBERTAS. RESTITVTA. Liberty, standing. AR 

33. 
MARS. VLTOR. Mara, marching. AU&AR 

34. 
PACIS. EVENT, (or EVENTVM.) COS. VII. A naked man, stand- 
ing. -AR 

35. 
PACI. AVOVSTAE. Victory; the letters EPHE. in monogram. AR 

36. 
PACI. ORB. TERR. AVG. Female head; EPHE. in monogram. AR 

37. 
Same legend. Same head, without die monogram. ----- AR 

38. 
PRINCEPS. IWENTVTIS. A goat, within a laurel garland. - AR 

39. 

TITVS. CAES. DOMIT. CAES. PRINC. IWENT. (or TITVS. ET, 

DOMITIAN. CAES. PRIN. IV. w TITVS, ET, DOMITIAN. 

CAESARES. PRIN. IVVEN. w TITVS. ET. DOMITIANVS. 

PRINC. IVV.). Titus and Domitian on horseback. - AU & AR 

40. 
TITVS. ET. DOMITIAN. CAES. PRINC. IVVEN. {or TITVS. ET. 
DOMITIAN. CAESARES. PRIN. IVVEN. w TITVS. ET. 
DOMITIANVS. PRIN. IV.). Titus and Domitian, seated. AR 

41. 
TITVS. ET. DOMITIANVS. PRINCIP. IVV. Titus and Domitian, 
seated. ------ ----- aR 

42. 
T. CAESAR. A figure, in a quadriga. -------- AR 

43. 
TR. POT. X. COS. Villi. A rostral column. AR 

44. 
TRIVMP. AVG. A triumphal car, preceded by two captives. - AU 

Brought 5/. 12f. 6^;. at the Trattle sale. 



VESPASIAN us. 185 

45. 
VESP. AVG. Vietory, on the prow of a YesuL-^Rev. IMP. CAESAR. 
The emperor, in a quadriga. ---------- AR 

46. 
VESTA. Three figures, within the temple of Vesta. - - AU & AR 

47. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victory, erecting a trophy. - - AU&AR 

48. 
Same legend. Victory marching, or seated, (A qumaritu). - - AR 

49. 
VICTORIA. IMP. VESPASIANI. Victory, on a dppus, with a 
gailand and pahn branch, -------*--- AR 

50. 
No legend. Two Capricoms, a globe, and a buckler, inscribed S. C. AU 

51. 

No I^end. The emperor, in a quadriga, ------ AU & AR 

52. 
No legend. The emperor and a female, on each side a palm tree. AR 

In gold, No. 44 is by far the rarest The next in rarity is Na 22 ; then 
Nos. 4, 5, and 21. In silver, Nos. 25 and 46 are the rarest; the next 
in rarity are Nos. 29, 31, and 36. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVST. Equity, standing, with the balance. 

2. 
S. C. The emperor in a quadriga. 

Mionnet values the first at twelve francs only, and the other at 150 
francs. 

nUST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

h 

CAES. AVG. F. DES. IMP. AVG. F. COS. DES. ITER, (sometimes 
varying). Titus and Domitianus, in military habits, standing. 



186 VESPASIANVS. 

2. 

DIVO. AV6. VESP. (or VESPAS.) S. P. Q. R. Hie onperoi^ in a 

car, drawn by four elephants, with their driven.— /Zw. IMP. T. 

CAES. DIVL VESP. F. AVG. P. M. TR. P. P. P. COS. VIII 

In the field, S. C. 

3. 

HONOS. £T. VIRTVS. Honour and Virtue, staoffing. 

4. 
I VDAEA. CAPTA. The emperor, standing : in his right hand, a spear ; 
his right foot on a helmet: a woman, seated, at the foot of a 
palm tree. (Plate v, No, 7), 

This type, the most interesting perhaps in the whole series of Roman 
coins, requires no comment See the coins of Titns^ with the same 
records of the conquest of Judea. 

6. 

Same legend. A captive standing, and a woman sitting on arms, at the 

foot of a palm tree. 

6. 

I VDAEA. D£ VICTA. S. P. a R. Victory inscribmg a buckler attached 
to a palm tree ; at the foot of which a woman is seated. 

7. 

I VDAEA. DEVICTA. A female, reclining against a pahn tree. 

8. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars, marching, or standing. . 

9. 

PAX. AVG. (or AVG VSTL). A female, standing : her left hand 
holding an olive branch; her right, a lighted torch, which she 
applies to a heap of arms by the side of an altar ; behind, a column, 
surmomited by a figure of Rome; a shield leaning against the 
colunm. 
There are varieties of this type. 

10. 
PAX. ORBIS. TERRARVM. A female standing near a temple. 

11. 
ROMA. A female, seated. (Same obverse). 

12. 
ROMA. RESVRGENS. {or RESVRGES.). The emperor in the toga, 
and a female, helmeted, holding a shield, standing; the former 
raising up a kneeling female. (Plate ©, No, 6 J. 




VESPASIANUS. 187 

13. 
ROMA. S. C. Bomey seated on the seven hJUs : at the base, Romulus 
snd Remus suckled by the wolf; before, the Tiber, personified. 

14. 
S. C; The emperor, on horseback, striking down an enemy. 

15. 
S. C. Hercules, standing. 

16. 

S. C. The emperor, standing, his foot on the prow of a vessel : before, 

two ci^tivei^ bound; behind, a palm tree. 

17. 

S. C. A palm tree. 

18. 

S. C. Victory, on an altar, between two serpents. 

19. 

S. C. The temple of Vesta. 

20. 

S.C. The temple of Peace. 

21. 

S. C. A temple; within, a car, and several figures. 

22. 
S. C. The emperor, standing ; at his feet a captive and a female. 

23. 
S. C. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

24. 
SIQNIS. RECEPTIS. S. C. The emperor, standing on anestrade. 
Victory presenting to him a militaiy standard. 

25. 

S. P. Q. R. ADSERTORI. LIB£RTATIS. PVBLICAE. withm an oak 

garland. . 

26. 

SPES. AVGVSTA. Three soldiers; Hope, joining hands with the 

foremost. 

27. 

T. C AES. AVG. F. COS. D. CAES. A VG. F. PR. The heads of Titus 
and Domidan. 



188 VESPASIANUS. 

« 

28. 
TIT. £T. DOMIT. C. The Caesars, distributing the congiarium. 

29. 

TVTELA. AVGVSTI. Titus and Domitian joining hands, a female 

seated between them. 

30. 

VICTORIA. AVG. The emperor, sacrificing before a temple, crowned 

by Victoiy. 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. The emperor, in a military habit, standing ; 
Victoiy presenting to him the paladium. 

No. 21 is much the rarest type: the next in rarity are Nos. 12, 22, 
25, and 28; then Nos. 13, 24, 26. Nos. 11, 19, and 27 are much rarer 
than the remainder. 



SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
IMP. T. VESP. COS. ITER. D. (JAESAR. AVG. F. COS. DESIG. 
Bare heads of Titus and Domitian. 

2. 
IVDEA. CAPTA. A female, sitting on a heap of arms, under a 
palm tree. 

3. 
S. C. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

4. 

TR. POT. P. P. COS. VIII. CENS. Victoiy holding a buU by 

the horns. 

5. 
T. CAES. AVG. COS. D. CAES. AVG. F. PR. The heads of Titus and 

Domitian. 

6. 
T. ET. DOMITIAN. CAESARES. PRINC. {or PRIN.) IVVENT. 
Titus and Domitian on horseback. 

7. 
TVTELA. AVGVSTI. A female seated between Titus and Domitian. 



r 



VESPASIANUS — FLAVIA DOMITILLA. 189 

8. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victoiy erecting a trophy. 

No. 5 18 much the rarest type. Nos. 1 and 7 are rarer than the others. 
The commonest types are those of Equity; the two comucopiae and 
caduceos; Spes, and Victory. 

THIRD BRASS. 

1. 
P. M. TR. POT. P. A caduceus. 

2. 
S. C. within a lanrel garland. 

FLAVIA DOMITILLA. 

[This hidy was married to Vespasian, in the year of Rome 793 (A. D. 40). 
She died before her husband was raised to the empire]. 

Sttlb: DIVA. DOMITILLA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA.). 

Gold R8 

Sliver medallions .-..-.........-itg 

„ of the usual size .......... -...R6 

SILVER MEDALLION. 

PIETAS. AVGVSTA. A female seated. 
Mionnet values this medallion at 300 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
DIVVS. A VGVSTVS. VESPASIAN VS. Head of Vespasian. 

Brought, in gold, 29L lOt. at the Trattle sale. 

2. 
FORTVNA. AVGVSTA. Fortune, standing, with rudder and cornu- 
copia. (Plate r, No. 8). -......---. aR 

3. 
PACI. AVGVSTAE. Peace. AR 

4. 
PIETAS. AVG VST. A female, with a child, seated. • - - AR 

No. 1 is much die rarest type in silver. 



190 DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER — TITUS. 



DOMITILLA, THE YOUNGER. 

[Domitilla was daughter of Vespasian and Domitilla. She died before 

her father was raised to the empire]. 



FIRST BRASS. 

MEMORIAE. DOMITILLAE, S. P. Q. R. The carpcntum, drawn 
by two muies.—IUv. IMP. T. CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. AVG. 
P. M. TR. P. P. P. COS. VIII. In the field, S. C. 



POLLA. 

Coins of PoUa, the mother of Vespasian, have been produced, but 
they are pronounced fiUse by experienced numismatists. 



TITUS. 

[Titus Flavins Vespasianus, son of the emperor Vespasian and Flavia 
DomitiUa, was bom at Rome in the year of that city 794 (A. D. 41). 
Created Caesar and Prince of Youth by his fiither in 822 (A. D. 69) ; 
and associated with Vespasian in the empire, and styled Imperator in 
824 (A.D. 71). He succeeded his father in 832, and was poisoned 
by his brother Domitian in 834 (A. D. 81)]. 

Style, with his brother: TIT. ET, DOMIT. ^TITVS. ET. 

DOMIT. VESPASIANI. AVGVSTI. F. CAESARES. VESP. 

AVG. F. LIBERI. IMP. AVG. VESPAS. ^TITVS. ET. 

DOMIT. {or DOMITIAN.) CAESARES. PRIN. IWEN. 

Titus alone is styled : CAESAR. AVG. F. ^T. CAES. AVG. 

F. ^T. CAESAR. VESPASIANVS. [On reverse, sometimes, 

IMP.] CAES. AVG. F. DES. IMP. CAESAR. IMP. 

VESPASIANVS. T. CAES. {or CAESAR.) IMP. T. 

CAES. IMP. AVG. F. ^T. IMP. CAESAR. ^T. CAES. (or 

CAESAR.) VESP. (or VESPAS., or VESPASIAN.) IMP. ^T. 

CAES. (or CAESAR.) IMP. VESP. (or VESPASIAN, or VES- 
PASIANVS.) IMP. CAES. VES. IMPERATOR. T. 




TTTUS. 191 

CAESAR. AVGVSTI. F. ^T. CAES. (or CAESAR.) VESPA- 

SINAVS. AYG. [sometimes on reverse, imper]. ^T. CAES. 

IMP. VESP. AVG. IMP. T. VESP. AVG. IMP. T. {or 

TITVS.) CAES. VESP. (or VESPASIAN.) AVG. [On reverse, 

sometimes, imp. or imp. p. p.]. ^IMP. T. (or TITVS.) CAES. 

VESP. AVG. P. P IMP. T. CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. AVG. 

P. P. ^DIWS. TITVS- ^DIWS. TITVS. AVGVSTVS. 

DIWS. AVG. T. DIVI. VESP. P. VESPASIAN, (or 

VESPASIANVS). 

Gold C 

„ restored by Trajan -------------R2 

Sflver medallions ---------------R6 

„ of the nsoal size --------------C 

Brass medallions ---------------Rl 

Firrtbrass C 

Second brass ------- ..-------C 

Thirdbrass Rl 

MEDALLION IN SILVER. 
PRINCIP. IWENTVTIS. The emperor on horseback. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
IMP. T. CAESAR. COS. III. Laureated bead of Htus.— 22^. AVG. 
and a star, within an oak garland. --------- AR 

2. 
IMPERATOR. T. CAESAR. AVGVSTI. F. Laureated head of 
TituB.—- iZeo. AVG. and the letters EPHE. in monogram. - AR 

3. 
AVGVSTAE. PACL Victory, marching: below, EPHE. in mo- 
nogram. -----------...-- AR 

4. 
BONVS. EVENTVS. AVGVSTI. A naked figure, standing ; in his 
right band, three javelins. ----------- AR 

5. 
COS. V. A figure, kneeling, and presenting a military standard. AR 



192 TITUS. 

6. 
COS. V. Apegasus. AR 

7. 
COS. yj. The prow of a Tenel, and a star. ....... AR 

t 

8. 
COS. VI. Rome sitting on bucklers, between two eagles, or vultares ; 
Romulus and Remus, suckled by the wolf. .-...- AU 

Brought, in fine preservation, 21, 11«. at the Trattle sale. 

9. 

FIDES. PVBL. Two hands joined, holding two ears of com and two 
poppies. --.--.---.-.----- AR 

10. 
IMP. CAES. TRAJAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. A tro- 
phy. AU 

11. 
Same legend. A thunderbolt, on a curule chair. . . . . - AU 

Brought 4^ 14«. 6d. at the sale of the Trattle collection. 

12. 
IMP. XII. A shepherd, milking a goat. ........ AR 

13. 
IMP. XIII. A sow and her three young. AR 

14. 
IMPER. A horseman. AR 

15. 
lOVIS. CVSTOS. Jupiter, standing, holding the hasta and a patera ; 

at his feet, a small altar. .--- ------- AR 

16. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. DIVI. TITI. F. Head of Julia. - - - AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 400 francs. 

17. 
PONTIF. TR. P. COS. IIII. Victory, between two serpents. - AU 

Brought 1/. 12t. at the Tratde sale. 



TITUS. 193 

18. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. VII. TitUB, in a quadriga. - - AD & AR 

19. 
Some legend. A flower in a quadriga. ....--.- AU 

20. 
PONTIF. MAX. The emperor, on horseback. AR 

21. 
TR. P. IX. IMP. XV. COS. VIII. P. P. A thunderbolt - - AU 

22. 
TR. P. Villi. IMP. XV. COS. VIII. A flower, in a quadriga. AU 

23. 
TR. P. IX. IMP. XV. COS. VIII. P. P. An edifice. - - - - AR 

24. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing. AU 

25. 
VESTA. A circular temple, with three figures. ----- AU 

26. 

VICTORIA. AVGVST. Victory, standing or sitting. (A jwtwariw). 

AR 
27. 

No legend. A horseman. ------------- AR 

28. 
No legend. The emperor, standing, and a female sitting at the foot of a 
palm tree. ---------------- AR 

29. 
No legend. A rostral column, surmounted by a statue. - AU & AR 

30. 
No legend. Same types as No. 8. -------- AU & AR 

31. 
No legend. A car, drawn by two elephants. ------- AR 

32. 
No legend. A legionary eagle, between two standards. - - - AR 
VOL. I. o 



194 TITUS. 

33. 
No legend. The emperor in a quadriga, holding a Roman eagie, and an 
olive branch. ------------- AU & AR 

In gold. No. 16 is much the rarest type. Noe. 10 and 11 are much 
the rarest of the other numbers. In silver, Nos. 31 and 32 are much 
the rarest No. 12 is next in rarity; then Nos. 2, 3, and 23. 

4 

BRASS MEDALLION. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. Equity, standing. 

FIRST BRASS. WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CAESAR. DOMITIAN. COS. DES. II. S. C. Domitian, on horseback. 

2. 
CONGIAR. PRIMVM. P. R. DAT. The emperor, and an attendant, 
in an edifice, distributing the congiarium to two figures. 

3. 
DI VO. AVG VESP. S. P. Q. R. A quadriga of elephants. 

A very rare type, valued by Mionnet at eighty francs. 

4. 
IMP. T. CAES. VESP. AVG. P. M. TR. P. P. P. COS. VIIL The 
emperor, holding an olive branch, sitting on arms. — Jtev. The 
Flavian amphitheatre. 

5. 
ITALIA. A female, sitting on a globe. 

6. 
1 VDAEA. CAPTA. Titus, standing by the side of a palm tree ; at the 
foot of which a female is kneeling. 

7. 
IVDAEA. (or IVD.) CAP. {or CAPTA.). A captive, standing, and a 
female sitting at the foot of a palm tree. 

8. 

PIETAS. AVG VST. S. C. Titus and Domitian, joining hands ; between 
them, a female, veiled. 



r^ 



TITUS. 195 

9. 
ROVIDENT. AVGVST. S. C. Two figures in the toga, standing; one 
presenting a globe to the other ; between them, a rudder. 

10. 

ROMA. Rome, sitting on spoils, near a trophy: behind. Victory, 
standing, holding a buckler. 

11. 
SALVS. AVGVSTA. A female, sitting. 

12. 
SALVTI. AVGV8TI. An altar. 

13. 
S. C. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

14. 

S. C. Rome presenting the palladium to the emperor on horseback. 

15. 

S. C. The emperor, on horseback, striking down an enemy. 

16. 
S. C. The emperor, on horseback, receiving a globe from a figure, standing. 

17. 
S. C. The gate of the temple of Peace. 

18. 
DIVO. AVG. T. DIVI. VESP. F. VESPASIAN. Titus, sitting on 
spoils, an olive branch in his right hand. — Rev. S. C. The 
ampitheatre. 

19. 
VESTA. Vesta, seated. 

No. 3 is by far the rarest type : the nezit in ran^ are Nob. 5, 4, and 
18; then Nos. 10, 6, and 17. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AERES. (He) AVGVSTI. Equity, standing. 

2. 
GENIO. P. R. A figure, standing before an altar. 

o2 



196 TITUS — JULIA. 

3. 
IMP. T. CAES. VESP. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. VIII. Laureated 
head of Titus.— Rev. IMP. T. CAES. VESP. AVG. P. M. TR. P. 
COS. VIII. The same head. 

4. 

S. C. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

5. 
S. C. A temple, with six columns. 

6. 
VESTA. The temple of Vesta. 

7. 
VICTORIA. NAVALIS. Victory, on the prow of a vessel. 

Nos. 3, 6, are rarer than the other numbers. 



FURNILLA. 

[Marcia Furnilla, second wife of Titus, was repudiated by him, before 

he was raised to the empire]. 

A Greek coin has been attributed to Fumilla; but Mionnet supposes it 
to be an ill-struck coin of Fulvia Plautilla, the wife of Caracalla. 



JULIA. 

[Julia, the daughter of Titus, by Fumilla, was married to the senator 
Flavins Sabinus, the nephew of Vespasian. She died in the reign 
of her uncle, the emperor Domitian]. 

Style. IVLIA. AVGVSTA. [Sometimes on reverse, divi. titi. 

pilia]. IVLIA. AVGVSTA. TITI. AVGVSTI. F. IVLIA. 

AVGVSTA. DIVI. TITI. F. IVLIA. IMP. T. AVG. F. 

AVGVSTA. DIVA IVLIA. AVGVSTA. DIVA. IVLIA. 

AVG. DIVI. TITI. F. 

Gold R8 

Sflver medallions ---------------Re 

„ of the usual size --------------R4 

First brass, without her head, and with the carpentum - - - - R 2 

Second brass, with her head ------------ R2 



JULIA — DOMITIANUS. 197 



SILVER MEDALLION. 
VESTA. A female, seated, holding the haata. 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVST. A peacock. AR 

2. 
DIVI. TITL FILIA. A peacock. (Plate v, No, 9), - - - AU 

This coiD, highly preserved, brought 42/. at the sale of the Trattle 
collection. Mionnet values it at 300 francs only. 

3. 
DIVVS. TITVS. AVGVSTVS. Laureated head of Titus. - - AR 

4. 
DIVVS. TITVS. AVGVSTVS. Radiated head of Titus. - - AU 

5. 
VENVS. AVGVSTA. Venus- Victrix, leaning on a column. - AR 

6. 
VESTA. Vesta, seated AR 

7. 
VESTA. S. C. The same type. AR 

8. 
No legend. A car, drawn by two elephants. -.--.-- AR 

No. 4 is much the rarest type in gold. No. 8 is much the rarest 
in silver. Nos. I and 3 are the next in rarity. No. 5 is the least rare. 

DOMITIANUS. 

[Domitian, the brother of Titus, was bom in the year of Rome 804 
(A. D. 51), and created Caesar and Prince of Youth, with Titus, in 
822 (A. D. 69). He succeeded his brother in 834 (A. D. 81), and was 
assassinated in 849 (A. D. 96)]. 



198 DOMITIANUS. 

Style: AVG. F. CAES. (or CAESAR.) A VG. (or AVGVSTI.) 

F. [Sometimes on reverse, domxt. or domitianvb.]. DOMITI- 

ANVS. CAESAR. CAES. (or CAESAR.) DOMIT. (or 

DOMITIAN). D. (or DOMITIANVS.) CAES. (or CAESAR.) 

AVG. F. [On reverse, sometimes princeps. ivventvtis.]. 

CAES. (or CAESAR.) AVG. F. DOMIT. (or DOMITIAN, or 
DOMITIANVS.). [On reverse, sometimes princ. or primceps. 

IVYENT. or IVVENTVT. or IVVENTVTIS.] CAESAR. DIVI. F. 

DOMITIANVS. [On reverse, generally, princeps. ivventvtis]. 
CAESAR. DIVI. VESP. F. DOMITIAN. (or DOMITIANVS). 
CAES. DIVI. AVG. VESP. F. DOMITIAN. (or DOMITIANVS.) 

DOMITIANVS. AVGVSTVS. [On reverse, germanicvs.). 

IMP. DOM. (or DOMITIANVS.) AVG. IMP. CAES. 

(or CAESAR.) DOMIT. (or DOMITIAN. or DOMITIANVS.) 

AVG. [On reverse, sometimes p. p. or imp. p. p.] IMP. 

DOMITIAN. CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. AVG. IMP. CAES. 

DIVI. VESP. F. DOMITIAN. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes p. p.] 
IMP. CAES. DIVI. VESP. (^y implication JiUui). DOMI- 
TIAN. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes p. p.) IMP. D. (or 

DOMITIAN.) CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. AVG. P. P. [On 

reverse, sometimes imp. p. p.] DOMIT. (or DOMITIANVS.) 

AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) GERM, (or GERMANICVS. [On 

reverse, sometimes imp. caes. (or caesar. or imp. p. p.) IMP. 

DOMIT. AVG. GERM. IMP. DOMITIANVS. AVG. CAES. 

AVG. GERMANICVS. IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) DOM. 

(or DOMIT. or DOMITIAN. or DOMITIANVS.) AVG. GER. 
(or GERM, or GERMAN, or GERMANIC, or GERMANICVS.) 
[On reverse, sometimes, imp. caesar. or t, r. or imp. p. p. or av- 

ovstvs. imp.] IMP. CAES. DOMIT. GERM. AVG. IMP. 

CAES. DIVI. VESP. F. DOMITIAN. AVG. GER. IMP. 

CAES. DOMIT. AVG. GERM. P. P. 

Gold medallions --------- --R8 

„ of tiie usual size --------------C 

„ quinarii ----------------R3 

Silver medallions ---------------Ri 

„ of the usual size. ---.--.------ VC 

„ quinarii ----------------Rl 

Brass medallions ----------------R6 

First brass C 



DOMITIANUS. 199 

Seeond brass -----------------VC. 

Third brass, with his head * Rl 

„ without his head ------......C 



GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
CAPIT. RESTIT. A statue of Jupiter^apitolinus, seated within a 
temple, between two figures, standing. ....... AR 

2. 

IMP. XIIII. COS. XIIII. CENS. P. P. P. Minerva, with spear 

and shield, to the right, standing on the capital of a rostral 

column ; at her feet, an owl ; on the prow, the letters £. A., or 

other letters indistinct* -.....--.. AU & AR 

3. 
PRINCIP. IVVENTVT. The emperor, on horseback. - - - AR 

4. 

No legend. A temple, with four columns. -------AR 

6. 
No l^end. Three standards. -.--.-..-.- AR 

No. 2 is by far the rarest type in silver : it is valued by Mionnet at 
600 francs. The same t3rpe, in gold, is valued by him at 1200 francs. 
Nos. 1 and 3 are much rarer than Nos. 4 and 5. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
AVG. and the letters EPHE. in monogram, within a laurel garland. AR 

2. 
CENS. P. P. P. Minerva, standing, holding a thunderbolt. - AR 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. A female, standing. AR 



* The type of this medallion is precisely similar to that of the commonest 
deoiuius of Domitian. It is about tht size of the second brass of this period. 



200 DOM ITI ANUS. 

4. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. A female, ritting. AR 

5. 
COS. II. (or III.) The emperor, on horseback. ..... AU 

6. 
COS. XIIII. LVD. SAEC. FEC. A Salique priest. ( Aquinarius). 

AU&AR 

7. 

The same legend. A Salique priest, standing. ...... AR 

8. 
The same legend, on a dppus, within a laurel garland. - AU & AR 

9. 
The same legend, on a cippus : before, a candelabra and a Salique priest, 
holding the ancilium and a baton. ----..... AR 

The last four coins commemorate the holding of the secular games by 
Domitian. Nos. 7 and 9 are interesting, as giving a representation of the 
dress and equipments of the Salique priests in these curious ceremonies, 
which need not be here recapitulated. 

10. 
DIVVS. CAESAR. IMP. DOMITIANI. F. An infant, seated on 
a globe, surrounded by stars. --..--.-.- AH 

11. 

DOMITIA. AVGVSTA. IMP. DOMITI. Head of Domitia. 

AU&AR 
12. 

DOMITIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Domitia. AR 

13. 
FORTVNA. AVGVST. Fortune, standing. AR 

14. 
GERMANICVS. COS. XIIII. Minenra, standing. - - - - AR 

15. 
GERMANICVS. The emperor, in a quadriga. AU 

16. 
GERMANICVS. COS. XV. The emperor in a quadriga. AU & AR 



DOMITIANUS. 201 

17. 
GERMANICVS. COS. XIIII. (or XVI.) The emperor in a quadriga. 

AU 

18. 
GERMANICVS. COS. XVI. (or XV.) Germany, reclining on the 
shield of her country ; a broken spear lying before her. - - AU 

Brought, in very fine preservation, 6L 6s. at the sale of the Tyssen 
Cabinet in 1802 ; and 3/. 4i. at Mr. Miles' sale in 1820. At the Tratde 
sale the same coin brought 3/. 19«. The gold coins of Domitian at this 
sale brought from 1/. 3s. to 3/. 19i. 

19. 

IMP. CA£S. (or CAESAR). Statue of Jupiter, or Minerva, within a 
temple. ----------------- AR 

20. 
The same legend. Three figures within a temple. ----- AR 

21. 
IMP. XI. COS. XII. CENS. P. P. P. Victory, standing, (A qui- 
narius). ----------------- AR 

22. 
IMP. XIIII. COS. XIIII. CENS. P. P. P. Victory, standing. - AR 

23. 
IMP. XXII. COS. XVII. CENS. P P. P. Two figures before an 
altar. AR 

24. 
IMP. T. CAES- on a buckler ; below, two javelins. - - - - AU 

25. 
IVPPITER. (sic) CONSERVATOR. An eagle on a thunderbolt. 

AU&AR 
The gold brought 2L Us. at Mr. Miles' sale in 1820. 

26. 
LVD. SAEC. FEC. COS. XIIII. on a cippus, within a garland. 

AU&AR 
27. 
Same l^end, on a cippus ; before, a candelabra and a SaUque priest. 

AR 



202 DOMITIANUS. 

28. 

DOMITTANVS. CAESAR. AVG. Bust of Domitian, bare headed, 

with acoatof mail. — ^«o. PACI.AVGVSTAE. Victory, marching; 

In the field, £PU£. in monogram. ........ AB 

29. 

PACI. ORB. TERR. AVG. The head of Peace, and the letters 

EPHE. in monogram. ...-....---. AR 

30. 

P. M. TR. POT. III. IMP. V. COS. X. P. P. An eagle with its 

wings spread, standing on a thunderbolt ..... AU & AR 

31. 

PRINCEPS. IVVENTVTIS. A hehnet on a curule chair. AU & AR 

32. 

PRINCEPS. IVVENTVTIS. A goat within a laurel garhmd. AU & AR 

33. 

PIETAS. AVGVST. A female sitting, with an infant - - - AR 

34. 

TR. P. COS. VII. DES. VIII. P, P. An altar, with the fire kindled. 

AR 
35. 

TR. POT. IMP. II. COS. VIII. DES. IX. P. P. Bust of Minerva. 

AU&AR 
36. 

TR. POT. COS. VIII. P. P. A winged caducous. - - - - AR 

37. 
TR. POT. COS. Villi. A caducous. (A gtiinarnu). - - - - AR 

38. 
VESTA. A temple, with three figures. AU 

39. 
VICTORIA. AVGVST. Victory, holding a buckler, inscribed S. 
P. Q. R. AU 

40. 
VICTORIA. AVGVST. Victory, holding a buckler, inscribed OB. S. 
C. (A quinarhu). -.-.--.------ AU 

41. 
Without legend. The emperoy, on horseback. ------AR 

In gold, No. 11 is by &r the rarest type. Of the other numbers, 7 and 
2G are the rarest. In silver, Nos. 11 and 12 are by far the rarest: the 
next in rarity are Nos. 4, 10, 28 ; then Nos. 9, 16, 20, 23, 29, and 35. 



DOMITIANU8. 203 

BRASS MEDALLIONS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
S. C. The emperor, standing, in a military dress : in his right hand, 
the parazonhim ; in his left, a spear; at his feet, a river-god. 

2. 
S. C. The emperor standing, crowned by Victory. 

These medallions are mounted in a large circle. They are valued by 
Mionnet at 150 francs each. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

CONG. II. COS. II. The emperor seated on the tribune, distributing 

the congiarium. 

2. 

COS. VIII. DES. Villi. P. P. S. C. Two edifices. 

3. 
COS. XIIII. LVD. SAEC. FEC. The emperor and an attendant, 
preceded by three boys carrying olive branches. 

4. 
Same legend. The emperor, near a temple ; before him, many figures, 
kneeling, with their hands raised above their heads. 

5. 
Same legend. The emperor, sacrificing: at the base of the altar a 
female, seated, with a cornucopia and a pig; two figures; one, 
playing on the lyre ; the other, on the double fiute. 

6. 
Same legend. The emperor, seated on an estrade before a temple, dis- 
tributing the congiarium to two figures, who are holding up their 
robes : on the estrade, FRVG. AC. (or FRVG. AC. A. POP.). 

7. 
Same legend. The emperor, seated on an estrade between two paniers, 
before a temple, distributing the congiarium to a woman and a 
child : on the estrade, SVF. P. D. 

8. 
FIDES. EXERCIT. The emperor and four soldiers, sucrificing. 



204 DOMITIANUS. 

9. 
GERMANIA. CAPTA. A female, seated at the foot of a trophy, and 
a captive standing. 

10. 
IVD. CAP. The emperor, standing near a palm tree, and a female 
seated at the foot 

11. 
IVPPITER (He) CVSTOS. Jupiter, seated. 

12. 
MONETA. AYGVSTI. The goddess Moneta, with her attributes. 

13. 
S. C. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

14. 
S. C. The Flavian amphitheatre. 

Valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

15. 
S. C. The emperor, on horseback, striking down an enemy. 

16. 
S. C. The emperor, in a military habit, standing ; at his feet a figure, 
kneeling, with the German shield. 

17. 
S. C. The emperor and two soldiers, sacrificing. 

18. 
S. C. A lion, walking to the left. 

19. 
S. C. Victory, inscribing DE. GER. on a shield, attached to a trophy ; 
at the foot of the trophy, a female seated. 

20. 
S. C. Statue of Jupiter seated within a temple : two Victories. 

21. 
S. C. The emperor and four soldiers, sacrificing. 

22. 
S. C. The emperor, crowned by Victory : Minerva, standing. 

23. 
S. C. The emperor, within a temple ; a soldier on each side. 



r 



DOMITIANUS. 205 

24. 
Two quadrigK of elephants on the summit of a triumpha] arch. 

25. 
S. C. A female, within a temple ; a soldier on each side. 

Valued hy Mionnet at eighty francs. 

No. 26 is hy far the rarest type : the next in rarity is No. 14 ; then 
Nob. 23 and 3. Nos. 1, 2, 20, 21, and 24, are very rare types; and Nos. 
4, 5, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 18, are rarer than the remaining numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AVGVSTVS. IMP. XXII. COS. XVI. Capricorn. 

2. 
COS. XIIII. LVD. SAEC. FEC. S. C. Three figures, sacrificing. 

3. 
Same l^end. Four figures, sacrificing. 

4. 
Same legend. Three figures, sacrificing ; at their feet, a female seated, 
with a cornucopia. 

5. 
Same legend. Five figures, sacrificing. 

6. 
IMP. CAES. VESPASIAN. A VG. P. M. TR. P. Head of Veq)asian. 

7. 
IMP. XIIII. COS. XIII. CENSOR. PERPETVVS. P. P. In the 
field, S. C. 

8. 
IMP. XXI. COS. XVI. CENS. P. P. P. A palm tree. 

9. 
IMP. XXIII. COS. XVI. CENS. P. P. P. Victory, bearing a trophy. 

10. 
lOVI. CONSERVAT. Jupiter, standing. 

11. 
PRINCIP. IVVENT. A horseman, wearing the toga. 



206 DOMITIA. 

12. 

S. C. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

13. 

S. C. Two German shieldfl, a standard, bow, &c. 

14. 
S. C Two captives at the foot of a trophy. 

15. 
S. C. A temple with six columns. 

16. 
VESTA. The temple of Vesta. 

17. 
VICTORIA. NAVALIS. Victory on the prow of a vessel. 

No. 6 is a veiy rare tjrpe; the next in rarity is No. 8. Nos. 1} 3, 4, 
5, 7, and 9, are rarer than the remaining numbers. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
S. C. A cornucopia. 

2. 
S. C. A lyre. 

3. 

S. C. A galley, with a sail spread. 

4. 
S. C. Diana-Venetrix. 

5. 
No legend. A rhinoceros. 

No. 1 is the rarest tjrpe. Nos. 3 and 4 are rarer than the other numbers. 



DOMITIA. 

[Domitia Longina, the daughter of C. Domitius Corbulo, a man of 
consular dignity, was married to Domitian in the year of Rome 823 
(A. D. 70). She died in the reign of Trajan, or, according to some 
authors, in the reign of Antoninus. Visconti is of the latter opinion ; 
(see his Museo Pio-ClemetUmOy torn, vi, p, 76)]. 



r 



DOMITIA. 207 

Sttlb : DOMITIA. A VGVSTA. DOMITIA. AVGVSTA. IMP. 

DOMIT. (by implication, uxor). DOMITIA. AVG. IMP. 

CAES. DIVI. F. DOMITIAN. (or DOMITIANI.) AVG. (by 
implication, uxor). [On reverse, divi. caes. (or cabsar. or 

CAESARIS. ICATER.]. 

Gold R6 

Silyer medallions ---------------Re 

„ of the usual size --------- .---It4 

First brass R8 

Second brass ----------- ------R6 

SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
IMP. CAESAR. DOMITI ANVS. Laureated head of Domitian. 

2. 
VENVS. AVG. Venufr-Victrix, standing. 

3. 
Without legend. An edifice. 
No. 1 is much the rarest 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVST. A peacock. AU & AR 

Two gold coins of this type were sold at the Trattle sale : one brought 
7L 17«. 6tL; the other, in fine preservation, 14/. 15«. 

2. 
DIVVS. CAESAR. IMP. DOMITIANI. F. An infant seated on a 
globe, between seven stars. --------- AU & AR 

3. 

IMP. CAES. DOMITIANUS. AVG. P. M. Head of Domitian. 

AU&AR 
4. 

PIETAS. AVGVST. A female sitting, with an infant - - - AR 

5. 
S. C. A peacock. {Mumnet). -----------AR 

6. 

TR. POT. IMP. II. COS. VIII. DES. Villi; P. P. Fortune, 

standing. ---------------- AR 



208 DOMITIA — ^VESPASIANUS, JUNIOR. 

7. 
VENVS. AVG. Venus leaning on a column. ------ AR 

No. 3 is much the rarest type in gold, and No. 2 is much rarer than 
No. 1. In silver, No. 6 is the rarest No. 3 is the next in rarity: then 
Nos. 2 and 5. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
DOMITIAE. AVG. IMP. CAES. DIVI. F. DOMITIAN. AVG. 
Head of Domitia to the light^Rev. DIVI. CAESAR. MATRI. 
A female, seated : her right hand extended towards a child standing 
before her; her left, holding the hasta. (Fignette, VoL L), 

2. 

DIVI.CAESARIS. MATER, (or DIVI. CAESAR. MATRI.) A female, 

seated, holding the hasta ; before, a figure standing, in the toga. 

3. 
DIVI. CAESARIS. MATER. A female, sacrificing at an altar. 

SECOND BRASS. 

DIVI. CAES. MATER. A veiled female, standing: in her right hand, 
a patera; in her left, the hasta. 

ANONYMOUS. 

[Son of Domitian and Domitia, bom, as is supposed, in the year of Rome 

835 (A. D. 82), and died very young]. 

Gold, silver, and first and second brass, on the reverses of Domitia ; (see 

the coins of that empress.) 

VESPASIANUS, JUNIOR. 

[Supposed to be the son of Flavins Clemens, the cousin of Domitian. 
There is no mention of this personage in history. His father was put 
to death, by order of Domitian, in the year of Rome 848 (A. D. 95)]. 

There are only Greek coins of Vespasian, junior, struck at Smyrna. 



* The coin from which the drawing for the vignette was made, is in the 
collection of the British Museum. Its authenticity is attested by the most 
experienced numismatists. 




NERVA. 209 



NERVA. 

[Marcus Cocoehu Nenra was born at Namia, or Nama, in Umbria, in 
the year of Rome 785 (A. D. 32). He was raised to the empire 
immediately upon the death of Domitian, in 849 (A. D. 96), and died 
in 851 (A.D. 98)]. 

Sttlb : NERVA. CAES. AVG. IMP. NERVA. AVGVST. 

IMP. CAESAR. NERVA. AVG. IMP. NER. (or NERVA.) 

CAES. (on a few coins, CAESAR.) AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, 

p. p. or PATKR. PATRIAE, or IMP. P. P.) IMP. NERVA CAES. 

AVG. P. P. IMP. NERVA. CAES. AVG. GERM. [On 

reverse, imp. p. p.] IMP. NERVA. CAES. AVG. GERM. 

P. P. ^DIWS. NERVA.- ^DIVVS. NERVA. AVG. 

Gold R2 

„ restored by Trajan -------------R6 

SQver medallions --.-------. ----R5 

„ of the usual size ----.---------C 

First brass C 

Second brass -----------------C 

Thirdbrass ---------------- C 



SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
COM. ASL A female figure, within a tample; ROM. ET. AVG. on 
the peristyle. 

2. 
Same legend. Two figures within a temple. 

3. 
COS. II. (or III. or I III.) The modius, holding ears of com. 

4. 
COS. III. A temple: on the frieze, DIANA. PERG. : within, a statue 
of Diana. 

Diana had a magnificent temple at Perge, or Perga, in Pamphylia; 
hence her surname of Peigaea. Nos. 2 and 4 are the rarest 

VOL. I. p 



210 NERVA. 



GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
COS. II. DESIGN. III. P. P. Diana, with a hound. - - - AR 

2. 
COS. III. PATER. PATRIAE. Sacrificial va«e«. - - - - AU 

3. 
IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. REST. A car, 
drawn by two elephants. ---------.- AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. An inferior coin brought but 
2/. 13«. at the Trattle sale. 

4. 
Same legend. Two hands, joined. •.-•.--•.•.--- AU 

5. 
IMP. II. COS. III. DESIGN. IIII. P. P. A female, standing. 

AU&AR 

6. 
IMP. II. COS. IIII. P. P. Victoiy, standing. (A qummiut). AR 

7. 
Same legend. A female, standing. ....... AU & AR 

8. 
JVSTITIA. AVGVST. A female, seated. AU & AR 

Brought 2/. U. at the Trattle sale. 

9. 
MONETA. AVGVST. S. C. Moneta, standing. AR 

10. 
PAX. AVGVSTI. The emperor and a soldier, joining hands. - AR 

11. 
SAL VS. PVBLICA. A female, seated. AU 

12. 
S. P. Q. R, OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A female, standing. - - AR 

13. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory, seated. AU 



r 



NERVA. 211 

14. 
VICTORIA. AVGVST. Victory seated, or standing. - - - - AR 

In gold, No. 3 is by far the rarest ; the next in rarity is No. 4 ; then 
Kos. 2, 5, and 8. In silver, No. 10 is the rarest : the next in rarity are 
Nos. 1, 5, 6, 9, and 14. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVT. AVG. The emperor haranguing his soldiers. 

2. 
ANNONA. AVGVST. Ceres with her attributes, seated, and a female 
standing. 

3. 
CONCORDIA. EXERCITVVM. Two hands, joined, 'holding a military 
ensign, on the prow of a vessel. 

4. 
CONGIAR. PR. The emperor, seated on an estrade, distributing the 

Gongiarium. 

5. 
FISCI. IVDAICI. CALVMNIA. SVBLATA. A pahn tree.* {Plate 
vU, No. 2). 

6. 
PLEBEI. VRBANAE. FRVMENTO. CONSTITVTO. The modius, 
with six ears of com. 

7. 
PROVIDENTIA. SENATVS. The emperor and a senator, standing. 

8. 
ROMA. RENASCENS. Rome, seated. 



* The remission of the Uz on the Jews may be considered as a proof of the 
mildness of Nerva's government, and of what might have been expected of him 
had bis reign been longer. This tax was collected with great rigour, as we learn 
from Suetonias, who says : " Prstor csteros fiscns judaicus acerbissime actus 
eat" The word fscvs was derived from the hamper or basket in which the 
taxes were originally collected. 

p2 



212 NERVA — ^TRAJANUS. 

9. 

VEHICVLATIONE. ITALIAK REMISSA. Two mules, gfasing.* 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

Those with the legends FISCI. IVDAICI. are the only rare types. 
No. 1 is by far the rarest : the next in rarity is No. 7 : then Nos. 4, 6, 
8, and 9. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSE. 

IMP. NERVA. CAES. AVG. Head of Venus.— .Aeo. S. C. A globe 
and a rudder. 

TRAJANUS. 

[Marcus Ulpius Trajanus Crinitiu, or Marcus Ulpius Nerva Trajanus, 
was bom at Italica in Spain, in the year of Rome 806 (A. D. 53), 
He was governor of Germania Inferior, under the emperors Domitian 
and Nerva ; and in the year 850 (A. D. 97), was associated with the 
latter in the government of the empire, and invested with the titles of 
Caesar and Imperator. He succeeded Nerva, and took the title of 
Augustus, in 851 (A. D. 98), and died at Selinunte in Cilida, in the 
year of Rome 870 (A. D. 117)]. 

Style : IMP. NERVA. TRAI. CAES. AVG. IMP. CAES. 

NERVA. TRAIAN. AVG. NERVA. TRAIAN. CAES. 

GERM. NER. AVG. F. IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. 

GERM. IMP. CAES. NERVA. TRAIAN. AVG. GER. (or 

GERM.). [On reverse, sometimes, p. p. or imp. p. p. or dacicvs. 

p. p. or oPTiMvs. PRiNCEPs.] IMP. NERVA. CAES. TRAIAN. 

AVG. GERM. [On reverse, p. p.] IMP. TRAIAN VS. AVG. 

GER. DAC. [generally on reverse, optimvs. princ. {or princeps. p. p. 

OPTIMVS. PRINC. (or princeps)]. IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. 

GER. DAC. IMP. NERVA. TRAIAN. (or TRAIAN VS.) 



« <* We learn from this mteresting coin/' says Spanheim, " that the Romans 
called thai Vehiculatio which is otherwise named Vehicularis cursus Vehicu- 
larium Munus," &c. &c. We are also informed that they were atiitm^ig or 
conveyances for public and sometimes private use through Italy and the pro* 
vinces. The decree of Nerva applied not to the provinces : the remission of 
it probably signifies the transferring of it from the private to the public 
expense. 



r 



TRAJANUS. 213 

AVG. GER. DACICVS. [On rerene, p. p. J IMP. CAES. 

NER. (or NERVA.) TRAIAN. (or TRAIANVS.) AVG. GER. 
(or GERM.) DAC. (or DACIC. or DACICVS.). [On reverse, 
sometimes, p. p.— imp. p. p.] IMP. NERVA. CAES. TRAIAN. 

AVG. GERM. P. P IMP. CAES. NER. TRA. AVG. GER. 

P. P. IMP. TRAIANVS. AVG. GER. DAC. (or DA- 
CICVS.) P. P. [On reverse, sometimes, imp. p. p. ; on some coins, 

oftener, optimys. prihceps.] IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. AVG. 

GER. DAC. P. P. IMP. CAES. NER. (or NERVA.) TRA- 
IAN. (or TRAIANVS.) AVG. GER. (or GERM.) DAC. P. P. 

[On most reverses, oftimvs. princeps.] IMP. CAES. NER. 

TRAIANVS. OPTIM. (or OPTIMVS.) AVG. GERM. [On 

reverse, dac. parthicvs. imp. ^dac. parthicvs. p. p.] IMP. 

CAES. NER. TRAIAN. OPTIM. AVG. P. P IMP. TRA- 

lANVS. OPTIMVS. AVG. GER. DAC. [On reverse, impera- 

TOR. P. P.] IMP. CAES. NER. TRAIAN. (or TRAIANVS.) 

OPTIM. (or OPTIMVS.) AVG. GER. (or GERM.) DAC. [On 

reverse, p. p. or parthicvs. p. p. or optimvs. princeps.] IMP. 

CAES. TRAIANVS. OPTIMVS. AVG. GER. DAC. P. P. 

IMP. CAES. NER. TRAIANVS. OPTIMVS. AVG. GER. DAC. 

P. P. [Sometimes, imperator. on reverse]. IMP. NERVA. 

TRAIAN. AVG. GERM. DAC. PARTH. IMP. CAES. NER. 

TRAIAN. (or TRAIANVS.) OPTIM. AVG. GER. DAC. PAR- 
THICVS. [Sometimes, p. p. on reverse]. IMP. CAES. NER. 

TRAIANVS. OPTIMVS. AVG. GER. DAC. PARTHICVS. P. P. 

IMP. TRAIANVS. PIVS. PEL. AVG. P. P. DIVVS. 

TRAIANVS. DIVVS. NERVA. TRAIANVS. DIVVS. 

TRAIANVS. PATER, DIVVS. TRAIANVS. PATER. AVG. 

(or A VGVSTVS.). DIVVS. TRAIANVS. PARTHICVS. 

DIVVS. TRAIANVS. PARTH. PATER. DIVVS. TRAIA- 
NVS. PARTH. AVG. PATER. DIVVS. TRAIANVS. 

AVGVSTI. PATER. 

Gold C 

„ quinarii ---------------- R4 

Gold imperial coins restored (see the coins of Augustus, Claudius, and 

Galba). R6 

Silver medallions --------.-'------R4 

„ of the usual size -------------C 



214 TRAJANU& 

QaoDtan -- ---------------- Rl 

Sflyer oonsular coins restored (see the familiffai of Aemilia, Caecilia, 
Carisiay Cassia, daudia, Cornelia, ComiijQciay Horatia, Julia, Junia, 
Livineia, Lucretia, Mamiliay Marcia, Maria, Memmia, Norbana, 
Numonia, Pompeia, Rubria, Scribouia, Salpida, Tltia, Tullia, 
Valeria, Vipsania, and others, uncertain). ------ R6 

Brass medallions -----------.---Re 

Contomiati R2 

first brass VC 

Second and tbird brass VC 



SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
COM. ASI. TR. POT. COS. II. Two figures, within a temple : ROM. 
£T. AVG. on the peristyle. 

2. 
COS. II. Six ears of com, bound together. 

3. 

COS. II. Statue of Diana of Perga, within a temple : DIANA. PERG. 
on the frieze. 

No. 1 is valued at sixty francs. No. 2 at thirty francs; and No. 3 at 
forty-eight francs, by Mionnet 



GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
ALIM. ITAL. A female, standing. AU 

2. 
BASILICA. VLPI A. The basiUca of Trajan. AU 

3. 
COS. V. P. P. S. P. Q. R OPTIMO. PRINCIPL A temple. - AU 

4. 
COS. V. P. P. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPL Liberty (or Ceres), 
standing. AU 



TRAJANUS. 215 

ft 

5. 
Same legend. The emperor, in a quadriga. AU & AR 

6. 
Same legend. Victory, standing; at her feet, a buckler, &c. - - AR 

7. 
Same legend. Victory, seated. (A qumariut). ...... AU 

8. 
CO. V. P. P. S. R. Q. P. (tie) OPTIMO. PRINC. An equestrian statue, 
on a pedestal. (Mkmnet). ........... AR 

9. 
CONSERVATOR!. PATRIS. PATRIAE. Jupiter and the emperor, 
standing. -.-..-------.- AU & AR 

10. 
DACICVS. COS. V. P. P. Victory, marching. (A qumarw»). - AR 

11. 
Same I^^end. The emperor, in a quadriga. ....... AU 

12. 
Same l^end. A figure, seated on a shield. ....... AU 

13. 
Same legend. Victory, seated. .--.-...--. AR 

14. 
DAC. PARTHICO. P. M. TR. POT. XX. COS. VI. P. P. A garland, 
andS. C. AR 

15. 

DANVVIVS. COS. V. P. P. S. P. Q. R. OPTIM. PRINC. The 
Danube personified, seated. .-....-.-.. AR 

16. 
DI VI. NERVA. £T. TRAI AN VS. PAT. Heads of Nerva, and Trajan 
the father. AU 

17. 
DIVI. NERVA. P. ET. PLOTINA. AVG. IMP. TRAIAN. The 
heads of Nerva and Plotina, face to face. ...... AU 

18. 
DIVVS. PATER, TRAI ANVS. Head of Trajan the father. - AU 



216 TRAJANUS. 

19. 
FORVM. TRAIANL An edifice. AU 

This type, fine, brought 3^ I7s, at the sale of the Dimadale collection, 

in 1824. 

20. 

IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. HADRIANO. OPT. AVG. G. D. PART, (or 

HADRIANO. TRAIANO. CAESARL). Biut of Hadrian. AU 

21. 
IMPERATOR. VII. The emperor, addreaaing his soldiers. - - AU 

22. 
PARTHIA. CAPTA. P. M. TR. P. COS. VI. P. P. S. P. Q. R. Two 
captives, at the foot of a trophy. ......... AU 

23. 
PARTHICO. P. M. TR. P. COS. VI. S. P. Q. R. Head of the sun. 

AU&AR 

This type, in gold, very fine, brought 4/. Is, at the sale of the 

Dinudale. Another, 4/. ISt. 

24. 

PLOTINA. AVG. IMP. TRAIANL (or PLOTINAE. AVG.). Head 

ofPlotina. AU 

25. 
PLOTINAE. AVG. Head of Plodna to the right. (Cabinet uf /. 
BrumeU, Esq,) AR 

This type, in sUver, is unique. (Plate «tf. No, 2). 

26. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. III. P. P. A female, seated on a shield. AU & AR 

27. 
Same legend. Statue of Hercules, on a pedestal. ..... AR 

28. 
Same legend. Same type. (A qumarius), ....... AR 

29. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. nil. P. P. Same type. AR 

30. 
Same legend. The emperor, crowned by Victoiy. ----- AR 

31. 
Same legend. Victory, standing. AR 



TRAJANUS. 217 

32. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. v. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. AU & AR 

33. 
Same l^end. The emperor, crowned by Victory. ..... AR 

34. 
Same legend. A alave, seated. ........... AR 

35. 

P. M. TR. P. COS. VI. P. P. S. P. Q. R. Radiated head of the sun. 

AU&AR 
36. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. POT. COS. II. Two femalea, seated. - - AU 

37. 
Same l^^d. Victory, marching. (A qumaruu). ..... AR 

38. 
PROFECnO. AVO. {or AVGVSTL). The emperor on horwhack, 
and foor eoldien on foot ..«r. ....... AU 

39. 
Another, with three soldiers. ............ AU 

40. 
PROVID. TR. P. COS. II. P. P. Two figures, standing, sustaining a 
globe. AU&AR 

41. 
REGNA. ADSIGNATA. The emperor, sittmg on an estrade, and fiye 
figures standing. AU&AR 

42. 
REST. ITAL. COS. V. P. P. S. P. a R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The 
emperor raising up a female with two children. . . - AU & AR 

43. 
REX. PARTHVS. The emperor, seated : a Parthian king on his knees 
beforo him ; five or six soldiers, standing. .-.--•. AU 

44. 
SAL VS. GENERIS. HVMANI. A female, sacrificing. - AU & AR 

45. 
S. P. a R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The emperor, standing, a female 
kneeling before him. ------.------ AR 



218 TRAJANUS. 

46. 

S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. Victory, standing, and inacribing 
DACIA. on a buckler. AR 

47. 

S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIP. Jupiter and the emperor, standing ; 
between them, a female on her knees. --•.-.-.. AU 

48. 

S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. Victory, marchmg. (Aqumarmi). 

AU&AR 

49. 

S. P. a R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The emperor, on horseback. AU &AR 

50. 

Same legend. A military figure, standing, his hand resting on a buckler, 
held by a kneeling captive. ----------- AR 

51. 
Same legend. Hercules, sacrificing at an altar. - .... AU 

52. 
Same legend. The emperor seated, and a soldier. .... - AU 

53. 
Same legend. Trajan's pillar. --------- AU & AR 

54. 

Same legend. The emperor, on horseback, striking down an enemy. 

AU&AR 

55. 

VIA. TRAIANA. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A female seated, 
with a wheel. --------------- AU 

56. 
VIRTVTI. ET. FELICITATI. Two figures, standing. - - - AU 

57. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. P. M. TR. P. COS. VI. P. P. S. P. Q. R. Two 
figures, sacrificing. - AU 

58. 
Without legend. A figure, within a temple. AU 



TRAJANUS. 219 

59. 
Without legend. A phoenix. ---........ AU 

In gold, Nos. 17, 21, and 43, are the rarest types. Nos. 2, 16, 18, 24, 
37, 38, and 40, are veiy rare. In sflver, Nos. 8, 14, and 54, are by &r 
the rarest, excepting of course, the unique coin, No. 25. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. S. P. a R. OPT. PRINCIPI. The emperor on 
horseback, accompanied by four soldiers. 

This medallion is mounted in a large circle, hollowed on each side. 

2. 
CONSERVATORI. PATRIS. PATRIAE. S. C. Jupiter, and the 
emperor, standing in the toga. 

3. 
S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. S. C. A figure, heUneted, standing, 
holding a figure of Victory; at his feet, a captive. 

4. 
TR. P. COS. Ilir. P. P. Mercuiy standing, with his attributes. 

5. 

TR. P. VII. IMP. IIIL COS. V. P. P. S. C. Rome seated, and 

the emperor standing. 

6. 

S. C. The emperor on horseback, trampling upon an enemy. 

7. 
Without legend. Jupiter^ Juno, and Minerva, standing. 

8. 
Without legend. Head of Jupiter Ammon. 

Mionnet values the above at from 100 to 150 francs, except Nos. 4 
and 8, which he values at twelve francs only. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ALIM. ITAL. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The emperor, 
seated; before him, a female with two children. 



220 TRAJANUS. 

2. 
AQVA. TRAIANA. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A li^er-god 
seated under an archi supported by two columns. 

3. 

ARMENIA. ET. MESOPOTAMIA. IN. POTESTATEM. P. V. 

REDACTAE. The emperor, standing; at his feet two ri^er gods, 

and a female seated. 

4. 

BASILICA. VLPIA. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. An edifice. 

5. 

CONSERVATOR!. PATRIS. PATRIAE. Jupiter and the emperor, 

standing. 

6. 

CONG. PR. COS. II. P. P. The emperor on an estrade, distributing 

the congiarium. 

7. 

CONG. PR. COS. IIII. A similar type. 

8. 
CONGIAR. SECVND. COS. V. A sunikr type. 

9. 
CONGIARIVM. TERTIVM. A similar type. 

10. 
DACIA. AVGVST. Dacia, seated, holding an ensign: before, two 
children. In the exergue, PROVINCIA. 

11. 
DIVVS. PATEFt TRAIANVS. Trajan the father, seated. 

12. 
FORVM. TRAIANI. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. An edifice. 

Valued by Mionnet at eighty francs. 

13. 

IMPERATOR. VIII. (or Villi). The emperor, attended by two figures, 

on an estrade : below, four figures with standards, and a horse. 

14. 
PORTVM. TRAIANI. A sea-port, with vessels. 



r 



TRAJANUS. 221 

15. 
PROFECTIO. AV6. The emperor on honebadc^ «id four aoldien. 

Valued by Mionnet at fifty francs. 

16. 
PROFECr. AVG. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. Three soldiers. 

17. 
REONA. ADSIGNATA. The emperor seated on an estrade, and 
^re figures : before, three figures, standing. 

18. 
REST. ITAL. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The emperor, 
standing : at his feet, a prostrate female and two children. 

19. 
REX. PARTHIS. DATVS. The emperor and several fignrea, standing. 

20. 
REX. PARTHVS. The emperor, seated on an estrade, attended 
by sevend figures : the Parthian king below. 

Valued by Mionnet at siz^ francs. 

21. 
S. C. GEftM. The emperor, addressing his soldiers. 

22. 
S. C. SENATVS. POPVLVS. QVE. R0MANV8. A cohmm. 

23. 
S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. Trajan's pillar. 

24. 
S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The drem, and an obelisk in the centre. 

25. 
Same legend. The emperor, with an attendant, addressing the people ; 
three obelisks. 

26. 
Same legend. A riyer-god, grasping by the throat a male figure. 

27. 
Same legend. The emperor in the toga, standing, crowned by Victory : 
at his feet, two suppliants; four Roman eagles, and standards. 



222 TRAJANUS. 

28. 

Same legend. The emperor on an estrade, with an attendant^ addreasm^ 

the people ; a female seated near an obeliak, with a wheel by her 

side. 

29. 

Same legend. The temple of Jupiter ornamented with bas-reUefs and 

figures : on the peristyle, I. O. M. 

30. 
Same legend. A man, guiding a plough drawn by two oxen. 

31. 
TR. POT. COS. II. P. P. Two figures on horseback, and a soldier. 

32. 
TR. POT. COS. III. P. P. The areh of Trajan. 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 firancs. 

33. 
Same legend. The emperor on horseback. 

34. 
TR. POT. COS. IIII. P. P. Two figures in the toga, standing, sup- 
porting a globe ; one of them holding a spear. 

35. 
TR. POT. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. IIII. DES. V. The emperor, seated : 
before him, two figures ; one, kneeling. 

36. 
TR. P. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. V. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga. 

37. 
VIA. TRAIANA. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A female 
seated, with a wheel. 

No. 32 is much the rarest type. No. 12 is the next in rarity. Nos. 
4, 14, 15, 17, 21, 22, 24, 25, and 31, are much rarer than the other 
numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AQVA. TRAIANA. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A rivei- 
god, seated under a grotto. 



TRAJANU8. 223 

2. 
DAC. PARTHICO. P. M. TR. POT. XX. COS. VI. P. P. A 
laurel gariand : within, S. C. 

3. 
ITALIA. REST. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. The emperor 
gtanding ; at his feet, a proitrate female with several children. 

4. 
IMP. CAES. NERVAE. TRAIANO. AVG. GER DAC. P. M. 
TR. P. COS. V. P. P. Laureated head of Trajan to the right— 
Rev. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. Bust of Trajan to the 
left, with the paludamentum. 

This coin is less rare, when the first legend is repeated on the other 

side. 

5. 

S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A naked figure, standing. 

6. 
S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A cluh, and the head of a lion, 

on apedestaL 

7. 

Same legend. The emperor in a quadriga. 

8. 
SENATVS. POPVLVS. QVE. ROMANVS. A mihtary figure, 
marching hetween two ensigns. 

9. 

Same legend. Two trophies. 

10. 

VIA. TRAIANA. S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A female, 

seated on the ground, holding a wheel. 

No. 4 is much the rarest, and No. 3 is much rarer than the other 
numhers. 



THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
DARDANICI. A female standing. 

2. 
S. C. Vase and garland on a table, as in Nero's third brass (see No. 1.) 



224 PLOTINA. 

3. 

S. C. Diana-Venetrix. 

4. 

S. C. Statue of Herculei, with lion's skin and club, on a pedestal. 
No. 1 is very rare, and No. 2 is rarer than the others. 



PLOTINA. 

[Pompeia Plotina, the wife of Trajan, was married to him many years 
before his elevation to the empire. She died in the reign of Hadrian, 
in the year of Rome 822 (A. D. 129)]. 

Style : ^PLOTINA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA.) PLOTIN. AVG. 

TRAIANI. AVG. (by implication, uxor). ^PLOTINA. AVG. 

{or AVGVSTA.) IMP. TRAIAN. (or TRAIANI.) PLO- 

TINA. AVG. DIVI. (traini. parthici. carried to reverse). 

DIVA. PLOTINA. AVGVSTI. MATER. 

Gold R4 

„ quinarii -----------_--.. Rg 

Silver R6 

First brass R6 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
ARA. PVDIC. CAES. AVG. GERMA. DAC. COS. VI. P. P. An 
altar. AU & AR 

2. 
CAES. AVG. GERMA. DAC. COS. VI. P. P. Vesta seated, hold- 
ing the palladium. ........... AU & AR 

3. 
Another, without the palladium. .......... AU 

4. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle with wmgs expanded. - - - - AU 

5. 
DIVO. TRAIANO. PARTH. AVG. PATRI. (or DIVO. TRA- 
lANO. PATRL AVG.). Head of Trajan. ..... AU 



PLOTINA — TRAJANUS. 225 

6 
DIVO. TRAIANO. PARTH. AVG. PATRI. or DIVO. TRAIANO 
PATRI. AVG. Head of Trajan to the right (Plate vU, No. 2). AR 

7. 
IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. HADRIANO. OPT. AVG. G. D. PART. 
Bust of Hadrian. ----»--------- AU 

This coin, fine, brought IH. at the Henderson sale. 

8. 
MATIDIAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of Matidia. AU 

9. 
TRAIANI. PARTHICI. Vesta seated. (A qumarius), - - AU 

10. 
VESTA. Vesta seated. (A qumarhu). AU 

In gold, Nos. 5, 6, and 7, are the rarest. In silver No. 1 is the rarest. 

FIRST BRASS. 

PLOTINA. AVG. IMP. TRAIANI. Head of Plotina to the right. 
S£v. FIDES. AVGVST. A female, standing, holding a basket 
of fruit on her left hand ; in her right, ears of barley. 

This coin, in fine preservation, brought 32/. at the sale of the Trattle 
collection. It was purchased for the Duke de Blacas. Mionnet values 
it at 130 francs ! Another, fine, at the sale of the Henderson collection 
in 1830, brought 13/. 5«. 

TRAJANUS, 

THE FATHER OP THE EMPEROR. 

[Marcus Ulpius Trajanus, the father of the emperor Trajan, died before 
the year of Rome 853 (A.D. 100). He was Praetor in Syria, and 
Proconsul in Asia under Vespasian]. 

Sttlb : DIVVS. TRAIANVS. PAT. DIVVS. PATER. TRA- 

lANVS. 

Gold R4 

First brass - - - - R4 

(See the legends and types on the reverses of the coins of his son). 
VOL. I. ft 



226 MARCIANA. 

MARCIANA. 

[Mardana, sister of the emperor Trajan, was bom in the year of Rome 

— , and died about 867 (A. D. 114)]. 

Style: ^MARCIANA. AVG, MARCIANA. AVG. SOROR. 

IMP. TRAIANI. DIVA. AVGVSTA. MARCIANA. 

Gold ---- R6 

Silver R6 

First brass R6 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
CAES. AVG. GERMA. DAC. COS. VI. MATIDIA. AVG. F. A 
female seated between two children. ------ AU & AR 

2. 
CONSECRATIO. The carpentum drawn by two mules. - - AU 

3. 
Same legend. A car drawn by two horses. ----- AU & AR 

4. 
Same legend. An eagle, with wings expanded, standing on a sceptre. 
(Plate vi, No. I), AU&AR 

5. 
COS. III. An eagle, with wings expanded, standing on a thunderbolt. 

AR 

6. 

EX. SENATVS. CONSVLTO. The caipentum drawn by two de- 
phants. ----------------- AR 

7. 
MARCIANA. AVG. SOROR. I^fp. TRAIANI. Head of Marciana. 
— iJw. MATIDIA. AVG. F. CAES. AVG. GERMA. DAC. 
COS. VI. p. p. A female seated between two children. AU & AR 

In gold, Nos. 1 and t3 are the rarest ; No. 7 is the next in rarity. In 
silver, No. 5 is the rarest; No. 4 is the least rare. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle with wings expanded. 

2. 
Same Icfi^end. The carpentum drawn by two mules. 




MATIDIA. 227 

3. 
EX. SENATVS. CONSVLTO. The carpentum drawn by two ele- 
phants. 
The last two are the rarest 

MATIDIA. 

[Matidia, daughter of Marciana, and mother-in-law of Hadrian, was 
horn in the jear of Rome — , and died in the reign of Antoninus Pius].* 

Style: MATIDIA. AVG. F. MATIDIA. AVG. (or AV- 

GVSTA.) MATIDIA. AVG. DI VAE. MARCIANAE. F. 

DIVA. MATIDIA. SOCRVS. DIVA. AVGVSTA. MATIDIA. 

Gold R6 

Silver R6 

First brass R8 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 

PIETAS. AVGVST. A female, standing between two children. 

(Plate vh No. 2). AU & AR 

2. ^ 

PIETAS. AVG. A female, sacrificing. AU & AR 

3. 
PIETAS. A female standing, with two children in her arms. - AR 

4. 

PLOTINAE. AVG. Head of Plotina. AU 

5. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle, with wings expanded. - - AU & AR 
In gold, Nos. 2 and 4 are the rarest types. In silver, Nos. 2 and 3 
are the rarest. 

FIRST BRASS. 

MATIDIA. AVG. DIVAE. MARCIANAE. F. Head of Matidia 
to the right— JKei;. PIETAS. AVGVST. A female, standing 
between two children, her hands placed on their heads. 

This coin, highly preserved, brought 32/. lOt, at the sale of the Trattle 
collection in 1832. Another, very fine, brought 23/. 10<. at the sale of 
the Henderson collection in 1830. 



• A medallion of Hadrian, the legend DIVAE. MATIDIAE. SOCRVI. 
has been quoted, but its authenticity is suspected. 

Q 2 



228 HADRIANUS. 



HADRIANUS. 

[Publius Aelius Hadrianus, the son of AeUus Hadrianus and Domitia 
Paulina, was bom at Rome, or according to some authors, at Italica 
in Spain, in the year of Rome 829 (A. D. 76). He succeeded Trajan, 
by whom he had been adopted, in 870 (A. D. 117) ; and died at Baiae 
in Campania, in 891 (A. D. 138), in the seventy-second year of his age, 
having reigned twenty-one years]. 

Style: HADRIAN VS. TRAIANVS. CAESAR. IMP. CAES. 

(or CAESAR.) TRAI. (or TRAIAN,) HADRIANVS. IMP. 

CAES HADRIAN. DIVI. NER. TRAIAN. OPT. FIL, [Con- 
tinued on reverse, avg. ger. dac. far.] HADRIANVS. AVG. 

(or AVGVST. or AVGVSTVS.) [Sometimes on reverse, p. p. 

or RESTiTVTOR. Avo. LYBiAE.] IMP. CAES. HADR (or 

HADRIAN, or HADRIANVS.) AVG. IMP. CAES. (or 

CAESAR) TRAI. (or TRAIAN. or TRAIANVS.) HADRIAN. 
(or HADRIANVS.) AVG. [On reverse, often, locvpletator. 

ORBIS. TERRARVM. Or RESTITVTOR. ORBIS. TERRARVM.] IMP. 

TRA. (or TRAI. or TRAIA. or TRAIAN.) HADR. (or HA- 
DRIANVS.) CA. (or CAE. or CAES ) AV. (or AVG.) IMP. 

CAES. NERV. TRAIANVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. IMP. 

CAES. TRAIAN. HADRIANVS. AVG. DIVI. TRA. [On 

reverse, parth. f. divi. ner. nep.] IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. 

HADRIAN, (or HADRIANVS.) AVG. DIVI. TRA. PARTH. 

F. [On reverse, divi. ner. nep.] IMP. CAE. DI. TRAIAN. 

F. DI. NER. NEP. TRA. HADRIANVS. AVG. IMP. CAES. 

DIVI. TRA. (or TRAIAN.) PARTH. F. DIVI. NER. NEP. 

TRAIANVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. IMP. CAES. TRAIAN. 

HADRIANVS. P. P. HADRIANVS. AVG. (or AV- 
GVSTVS.) P. P. [On reverse, often, restitvtor. achiae. or 

AFRICAE. or ARABIAE. OT ASIAE. Or BTTHYNIAE. Or GALLIAE. OT HIS- 
PANIAE. or ITALIAE. Or HACEDONIAE. OT MAVRETANIAE. OT NICO- 
MEDIAE, or PHRYGIAE. Or SICILIAR.] IMP. TRA. (OT TRAI.) 

HADRIAN, (or HADRIANVS.) AVG. P. P. IMP. CAE- 
SAR. HADRIANVS. AVGV. P. P. IMP. CAES. TRAI. 

HADR. (or HADRI A. or HADRIAN.) AVG. P. P. IMP. 

CAES. DIVI. TRAIAN. AVG. F. TRAIAN. HADRIAN. OPT. 
AVG. [On reverse, dac. parthicvs. p. p.] IMP. CAES. 
TRAIAN. HADRIAN, (or HADRIANVS.) OPT. AVG. GER. 




HADRIAN us. 229 

DAC. [On reverse, parthic. oivi. traian. avo. p. f. p.] IMP. 

CAES. TRAIAN. HADRIANVS. OPT. AVG. G. D. PART. 
[On reverse, sometimes, parthic. p. p.] DIVVS. HADRIA- 
NVS. DIVVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. 

Gold C 

Quinani ------------------R2 

Silver medallions, struck in Asia ..-..-.--.-R3 
„ of Roman fabric ----------Rg 

„ of the usual size ----------. --C 

„ quinarii -- Rl 

Brass medallions ---------------Ri 

First, second, and third brass ------.....-VC 

SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
COS. III. Jupiter-^thophore. standing. 

2. 
Same legend. The Samian Juno, standing ; at her feet, an ear of corn. 

3. 
Same legend. Minerva^ standing. 

4. 
Same legend. Statue of Minerva, within a temple. 

5. 
Same legend. Neptune, standing. 

6. 
Same legend. Pluto, holding a /trident, and Cerberus. 

7. 
Same legend. Two Furies. 

8. 
Same legend. Apollo-Citharoede, standing. 

9. 
Same legend. Esculapius, standing. 

10. 
Same legend. Six ears of com. 

II. 
Same legend. Fortune, standing. 



230 HADRIANUS. 

12. 
Same legend. Cybele, seated. 

13. 
Same legend. The Ephesian-Diana, between two stags. 

14. 
DIANA. EPHESIA. A similar type. 

15. 
Same legend. Statue of Diana Ephesia, within a temple. 

16. 
Same legend. An eagle, with wings expanded. 

17. 
Same legend. Three standards. 

18. 
COM. BIT. A temple, with eight columns ; on the frieze, ROM. S. P. 
AVG. 

19. 
COM. BIT. S. P. R. A temple, with the same inscription. 

20. 
PONT. MAX. TR. POT. COS. III. Jupiter-Victor seated. 

All but the lasty which is of Roman fabric, and nearly the size of first 
brass, were struck in Asia, excepting No. 20. Nos. 5, 7, and 12 are the 
rarest No. 10 is the least rare. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADOPTIO. PARTHIC. DIVI. TRAIAN. AVG. F. P. M. TR. P. 
COS. P. p. Two figures in the toga, joining hands. - AU & AR 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVGVSTI. Rome and the emperor, standing. - AU 

3. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. AFRICAE. Two figures, sacrificing. - AU & AR 

4. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. ALEXANDRIAE. Serapis, Isis, Hadrian, and 
Sabina, before an altar. ............ AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 150 francs. 



r 



HADRIAN us. 231 

5. 
ADVENTVI..AVG. ITALIAE. A similar type. - - - AU & AR 

6. 
EGYPTOS. Eigypty penonified, seated on the ground, the sistrum in 
her hand; hefore, an ibis. ----..-.. AU & AR 

7. 
AFRICA. Africa, personified, seated on the ground. - - AU & AR 

Brought, in gold, in high preienration, 6L 16f. 6d. at the Dimsdale sale. 
Valued by Mionnet at thirty-four francs. 

8. 
ALEXANDRIA. The genius of Alexandria, standing. - - -. AR 

9. 
ANN. D. CCC. LXXIIII. NAT. VRB. P. CIR. CONC. A female, 
seated on the ground, holding a wheeL --..-.. AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

' 10. 

I ASIA. Asia, personified, standing with one foot on the prow of a 

vesseL ----------------- AR 

11. 
CONCORD. DIVI. NER. NEP. P. M. TR. P. COS. A female, 
seated. -------------.---- AU 

12. 
CONCORD. PARTHIC. DIVI. TRAIAN. AVG. F. P. M. TR. P. 
COS. P. P. A female, seated. AU 

13. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle on a globe. AR 

14. 
Same legend. An eagle, with expanded wings. ---.-- AR 

j This is one of the coins supposed to have been struck by Gallienus 

in honour of those emperors who had received the apotheosis. 

15. 
Same legend. The emperor, holding a sceptre, borne by an eagle in 
fun flight {Plate viy No. S). AU 

16. 
COS. III. The apex in the midst of pontifical instruments. - - AR 



232 HADRIANUS. 

17. 
Same legend. Jupiter, Rome, and the emperor, standing. - - AU 

18. 
Same legend. Hope. (A guinctrnu), --------- AU 

19. 
Same l^end. Hercules, standing ---------- AR 

20. 
COS. III. An eagle, standing on a thunderbolt ------ AR 

21. 
Same legend. Capricorn. (A qvmarim). ------- AR 

22. 
Same legend. Hygea, seated, feeding a serpent (A qwnafiiu). AU 

23. 
COS. III. p. p. The emperor, standing between three ensigns. - AU 

24. 
DISCIPLINA. AVG. The emperor, marching, followed by three 
soldiers. ---------------- AU 

25. 
DI VIS. PARENTIBVS. The heads of Trajan and Plotina, face to face. 
{Plate vi,No.5). AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

26. 
Same legend. The same heads. ----------- AU 

27. 

DIVO. TRAIANO. PATRI. AVG. Head of Trajan. (Plate vi, 
No. 4). AU 

Brought very fine, 20/. at the sale of the Henderson collection, in 1830. 

28. 
Same legend. Same head. ------------ AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

29. 
FELICITAS. AVG. The emperor and a female, joining hands. - AR 

30. 

» 

FORTVNA. SPES. Fortune and Hope, standing. - - - - AU 



HADRIANVS. 233 

31. 
FORT, {or FORTVNAE.) REDVCI. Fortune and the emperor, 
joining hands. --------------- AR 

32. 
FELICITATI. AVG. COS. III. P. P. A galley. AR 

33. 
GEN. P. R. P. M. TR. P. COS. III. The GeniuB of Rome, standing. AU 

34. 
GENIO. P. R. The same type. AU 

35. 
GERMANIA. The province personified, standing. .... AR 

36. 
HERC. 6ADIT. P. M. TR. P. COS. III. Hercules, standing; at his 
feet, a river-god, seated. ------------ AU 

37. 
HILAR. P. R. P. M. TR. P. COS. III. A female, standing. - - AR 

38. 
HISPANIA. Spain, seated on the ground, with her attrihutes. AU& AR 

39. 
DIVVS. TRAIANVS. PATER. AVGVSTVS. Laureated head of 
Trajan.— K«7. IMP. HADRIAN. DIVI. NER. TRAIAN. OPT. 
FIL. REST. Hadrian, sacrificing at an altar. ----- AU 

40. 
ITALIA. Italy personified, standing. --... -.. AR 

41. 
ITALIA. FELIX. A female, standing, with the hasta and cornu- 
copia. ----------------- AR 

42. 
lOVI. VICTORL Jupiter Victor, seated. AU 

43. 
IVSTITIA. AVG. A female, seated. AU 

44. 
LIBERAL. AVG. III. The emperor, seated on an estrade, delivering 
presents. ---------------- AR 



n 



234 HADRIAMUS. 

46. 
LIBERAL. AVG. IIL P. M. TR. P. COS. III. A similar type. AR 

46. 
MARTI. Mars, standing. AR 

47. 
MONETA. AVG. The goddess Moneta, standing. (Aqmnanus). AU 

48. 
NILVS. The Nile personified, seated on the ground ; a hippopotamus 
and a crocodile. ----------.- AU & AR 

49. 
OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. A female, standing. AR 

50. 
ORIENS. DIVI. NER. NEP. P. M. TR. P. COS. Head of the ran. 

AU 

51i 
ORIENS. P. M. TR. P. COS. DES. IL Head of the sun. - - AU 

52. 
ORIENS. P. M. TR. P. COS. IL Head of the sun. - - - - AU 

53. 
PARTHIC. DIVI. TRAIAN. AVG. F. P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. Two 
figures, standing! ---- AU&AR 

54. 
PATIENTIA. AVGVSTL COS. HL A female, seated. - - AR 

55. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. II. Victory, standing or seated. (A qumarnu), AR 

56. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. IIL The same types. (Qutnortt). - - - AR 

57. 

Same legend. Statue of Hercules, within a temple ; helow, the bearded 
head of a fiiwn, and the prow of a vessel. ...... AU 

58. 
Same legend. Statue of Hercules, within a temple ; below, a river-god 
seated. ---....-..---..-. AU 

Brought, in fine condition, 6L 6«. at the Dimsdale sale, in 1824* 



r 



HADRIANU8. 2dd 

59. 
Same legend. Statues of Hercuka and two other figarea, within a 
temple ; below, a river-god, aeated. - ------- AU 

60. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. III. A nmilar type; below, the head of Jnpiter 
and the prow of a vessel. ----------- AU 

61. 
Same legend. Minerva standing near an olive tree ; at the foot of the 
tree, a rabbit ---------------' AU 

62. 
Same legend. Minerva, in a defensive posture. ----.- AR 

63. 
IMP. CAESAR. TRAIAN. HADRIANVS. AVG. Laureated head 
of Hadrian to the right, with the paludamentum, and coat of mail. 
— -iKer. P. M. TR. P. COS. III. The paUadium. - - - AU 

64. 
Same legend. Hercules seated on arms. -------- AU 

65. 

Same legend. A river-god seated on the ground, holding an anchor. 

AU&AR 
66. 

Same legend* The modins, holding several ears of com. - AU & AR 

67. 
Same legend. Two figures, standing. AU & AR 

68. 
Same legend. Victory marching. (A ^pmarhu). ----- AU 

69. 
RESTITVTORI. ACHIAE. The emperor raising up a female. 

AU&AR 

70. 

RESTITVTORI. APRICAE. A similar type. - - - AU&AR 

71. 
RESTITVTORI. GALLIAE. A similar type. AR 

72. 
RESTITVTORI. HISPANIAE. A similar type. - - - AU & AR 



236 HADRIANUS. 

73. 
RESTITVTORI. ITALIAE. A similar type. AU 

74. 
ROMA. AETERNA. Rome seated, holding the heads of the Sun and 
the Moon. ---------------- AU 

76. 

ROMYLO. CONDITORI. 'Romulus^ marching to the right; a trophy 
on his left shoulder, a javelin in his right hand. . - . . AR 

76. 
SABINA. AVGVSTA. Head of Sabina. AR 

77. 
SAEC. AYR. P. M. TR. P. COS. III. A figure holding a globe, in the 
middle of a luminous circle, or glory. ------ AU & AR 

78. 
SALVS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. DES. III. Health, seated. - AU 

79. 

SECVRITAS. AVG. A female seated. AU 

80. 
SPES. P. R. Hope. AU 

81. 
TELLVS. STABIL. A figure standing, holding a rake. - AU & AR 

82. 
Same legend. A female seated on the ground. - - - - AU & AR 

83. 
TRIBVNIC. POTESTAS. Two figures joining hands. - - - AR 

84. 
VENERI. GENETRICI. Venus, standing. AU 

85. 
VIRTVTI. AUG. The emperor on horseback, casting a javelin. AU 



* Romulus was lepresented by the Romans so like his reputed father Mars, 
that it is difficult to distinguish them from each other. The trophy Romulus is 
here bearing, is probably composed of the spoils of Acron, king of the Caeni* 
nenses, whom he slew in battle with his own hand. 



HADRIANVS. 237 

86. 
VOTA. PVB. Two figures, sacrificing. AU 

87. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. The emperor sacrificing, attended bjfour figures : 
one of them about to slay an ox ; another playing on the double 

flute. {PlaU vi,No.6). AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

88. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. within a garland. AU 

89. 
Without legend. The emperor on horseback. ------- AU 

90. 
Without legend. The emperor standing, holding the parazonium and 
thehasta. AR 

91. 
Without legend. The Nile seated, and a hippopotamus. - - - AU 

In gold, Nos. 9, 25, and 26, are much the rarest; and Nos. 4, 15, 27, 
and 39, are much rarer than the remaining numbers. In silver, No. 76 
is by far the rarest : Nos. 46, 69, and 77, are next in rarity ; then Nos. 
32 and 41. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
COS. II. p. p. Cybele in a car, drawn by two lions. 

2. 
COS. III. A similar type, but of a much larger size. 

3. 
COS. III. P. P. S. C. A gaUey ; on the sail, FELICITATI. AVG. 

4. 
COS. III. FORT. RED. Fortune with her attributes, seated. 

5. 
COS. III. Romulus and Remus, suckled by the wolf. 

6. 
COS. III. P. P. Victory in a biga. 

7. 
Same legend. Victory in a biga. 

This medallion has a large circle. 



238 HADRIANUS. 

8. 
Same legend. A female seated, with a cornucopia. In the field, a 
serpent. 

9. 
DECVRSIO. Two horsemen bare headed, with javelins, preceded by a 
man armed with a bow. 

10. 
FELICITATI. AVG. A triremis, with several rowers: above, the 
emperor^ seated; Minerva on the poop, attended by dolphins and 
sea deities. 

11. 
FELIX. ROMA. Rome sitting on arms near a trophy, and Victory 
standing. 

12. 
GENIVS. POPVLI. ROMANI. The Genius, standing, sacrificing at 
an altar, (a large medaBionJ. 

13. 
MONETA. AVGVSTI. Moneta standing. 

14. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. III. S. C. Minerva sacrificing. 

This medallion has a large circle. 

15. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. III. Roma-Victriz, seated on arms. 

This has also a large circle. 

16. 
P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. III. P. P. Jupiter standing between two 
females helmeted; one, holding a buckler and spear; the other, a 
patera and spear : at the feet of Jupiter, an eagle. 

17. 

SENATVS. POPVLVS. Q. ROM Two figures sacrificing. In 

the exergue, VOTA. SVSCEPTA. 

18. 
S. P. Q. R. EX. S. C. A temple with two columns. 

19. 
VESTA. Vesta seated, holding the hasta and the palladium. 



~™— 



MAi>JiJAMUS . 



WLi^US Ai'JH YZnUS . 



^■'r^^rr/ UU'^ /-^ j;,,:m,4»mfy:''^-^.r^''., 



HADRIANUS. 239 

20. 
URBS. ROMA. AETERNA. S. C. The emperor veiled, and attended 
by several figures sacrificing at an altar. 

This medallion, quoted by Mionnet, has been retouched. 

21. 
Without legend. Apollo and Bacchus drawn by a goat and a panther ; 
Cupid riding on the goat. 

22. 
Without legend. Ceres with two torches. 

23. 
Without legend. Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva, seated : over the head of 
Jupiter, an eagle. 

This medallion has a laige circle. 

24. 

Without legend. A man holding the pedum, dragging a ram towards an 

altar placed before a temple ; a tree behind. (Plate A, No. 1^. 

The medallion with the Pont MUuMj quoted by the early numismatic 
writers, is a modem fabrication. 

Mionnet values Nos. 2, 16, 23, and 24, at 200 francs each. Nos. 1, 
6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 21, and 22, at from 100 to 150 francs ; and the others 
at from thirty to sixty francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. The emperor addressing his soldiers. 

2. 
ADLOCVTIO. COH. PRAETOR. A similar type. 

3. 
ADVENTVI. A VG. AFRICAE, The emperor and Africa sacrificing ; 
a victim at the foot of the altar. 

4. 

ADVENTVI. AVG. ALEXANDRIAE. The emperor and a female, 

standing. 

5. 

Same legend. Serapis, Isis, Hadrian, and Sabina, standing by an altar. 
Valued by Mionnet at thirty francs. 



240 HADRIANUS. 

6. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. ARABIAE. The emperor and a female sacri- 
ficing. 

7. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. ASIAE. A similar type. 

8. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. BITHYNIAE. A simUar type. 

9. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. BRITANNIAE. A similar type. 

Valued by Mionnet at thirty francs. 

10. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. CILICIAE. A sunilar type. 

11. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. GALLIAE. A similar type. 

12. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. HISPANIAE. A simUar type. 

13. 
ADVENTVI, AVG. ITALIAE. A similar type. 

14. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. IVDAEAE. The emperor sacrificing : a female 
and two naked children ; each holding a palm branch ; at the foot 
of the altar, a victim. 

15. 

ADVENTVI. AVG. IVDAEAE. A similar type, with three children. 

16. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. MACEDONIAE. The emperor and the Pro- 
vince, sacrificing; a victim at the base of the altar. 

17. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. MAVRETANIAE. A similar type. 

18. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. MOESIAE. A similar type. 

19. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. PHRYGIAE. A similar type. 

20. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. SICILIAE. A similar type. 



HADRIANUS. 241 

21. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. THRACIAE. A similar type. 

22. 
AEGYPTOS. Egypt, penonified, holding the sistrom : before, the ibis. 

23. 
AFRICA. Aftica, seated. 

24. 
ALEXANDRIA. Alexandria, seated. 

25, 
AN. D. CCC. LXXIIII. NAT. VRB. P. CIR. CON. A female 
seated at the base of three obelisks, holding a wheel, resting on her 
knee. 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

26. 
BRITANNIA. A female seated on a rock: her head resting on her 
right hand ; her left holding a spear transversely ; a laige shield by 

her side. 

27. 
CAPPADOCIA. Cappadocia, personified, standing. 

28. 
COS. III. The emperor and two figures, standing. 

29. 
Same legend. Romulus and Remus suckled by the wolf. 

30. 
Same legend. An eagle, a peacock, and an owl. 

31. 
Same legend. The column of Trajan, and several figures. 

32. 
Same legend. The emperor in the toga, before a temple, haranguing 

six figures. 

33. 

Same legend. The emperor on horseback. 

34. 
COS. III. P. P. The emperor on horseback, pursuing a boar. 

VOL. I * 



242 HADRIANUS. 

35. 
DACIA. The Province, personified, seated. 

36. 
DISCIPLINA. The emperor, marching, followed by four soldiers. 

37. 
Same legend. The emperor, marching, followed by five soldiers. 

38. 
DAC. PARTHICO. P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. Two figura in the 
toga, supporting a globe. 

39. 
EXPED. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. III. The emperor on horseback, 
bare headed. 

40. 
EXERCITVS. CAPPADOCICVS. The emperor bare headed, on 
horseback, addressing three soldiers. 

41. 
EXERCITVS. DACICVS. The emperor on horseback, addressing 
three (or four) soldiers. 

42. 
EXERCITVS. GERMANICVS. The emperor on horseback, ad- 
dressing three soldiers. 

43. 
EXERCITVS. MAVRETANIC VS. A similar type. 

44. 
EXERCITVS. MOESIACVS. The emperor standing on an estrade, 
addressing four soldiers. 

45. 
EXERCITVS. NORICVS. The emperor standing on an estrade, 
attended by the praefect of the praetorian guard, addressing four 
soldiers. 

46. 
EXERCITVS. RHAETICVS. or RAETICVS. The emperor on horse- 
back, or standing on an estrade, addressing his troops. 

47. 
EXERCITVS. SYRIACVS. The emperor on horseback (or on an 
estrade) addressing his soldiers. 



r 



HADRIANUS. 243 

46. 

HILARITAS. P. R. COS. III. A female standing between two 

chfldren. 

49. 

lOVI. OPTIMO. MAXIMO. S. P. a R. within an oak garland; 
below, COS. III. 

50. 

lOVI. CVSTODI. Jupiter, seated. 

51. 
lOYI. CONSERVATOR!. Jupiter and the emperor, standing. 

52. 

LIBERALITAS. AVG. III. The emperor, seated on an estrade, 

distnbuting gifts. 

53. 

LOCVPLETATORI. ORBIS. TERRARVM. The emperor, seated 
on an estrade, distributing gifts. In the exergue of some, LIBE- 
RALITAS. AVG. 

54. 

MAVRETANIA. The province, personified," holding a horse by the 
bridle. 

55. 

NIL VS. The Nile, personified, seated : a hippopotamus, and two naked 
children supporting a cornucopia. 

56. 
RELIQVA. VETERA. H. S. NOVIES. MILL. ABOLITA. The 
emperor wearing the chlamys; holding in his left hand a staff, and 
in his right a lighted torch, which he applies to a heap of scrolls. 

57. 

Same legend. A similar type, with the addition of three or four figures, 

standing. 

58. 

RESTIT VTVS. ($ic) AVG. The emperor raising up a prostrate female. 

59. 
RESTITVTORI. ACHAIAE, A similar type. 

60. 
RESTITVTORI. AFRICAE. The emperor raising up a prostrate 
female figure. 

R 2 



1 



244 HADRIANUS. 

61. 
RESTITVTORI. ASIAE. A iinular type. 

62. 
RESTITVTORI. ARABIAE. A similar type. 

63. 
RESTITVTORI. BITHYNIAE. A Bimilar type. 

64. 
RESTITVTORI. GALLIAE. A similar type. 

65. 
RESTITVTORI. HISPANIAE. A similar type. 

66. 
RESTITVTORI. MACEDONIAE, A similar type. 

67. 
RESTITVTORI. NICOMEDIAE. A similar type. 

This coin, in very fine preservation, brought 41 16«. at the sale of the 
Trattle collection. Mionnet takes no notice of this type, although it is 
described by Mediobarba, and illustrated by Spanheim. He probably 
considered it unauthenticated. 

68. 
RESTITVTORI. PHRYGIAE. A simihir type. 

69. 
RESTITVTORI. SCICILIAE. A similar type. 

70. 
RESTITVTORI. ORBIS. TERRARVM. A similar type. 

ROMVLO. CONDITORI. Romulus, marching wi^ a trophy on his 
shoulder, and a javelin in his right hand. 

72. 
SABINA. Head of the empress Sabina. 

73. 
S. C. The emperor on the steps of a temple, addressing the people. 

74. 
S. C. The emperor, sacrificing, attended by the usual figures. 




HADRIANUS. 245 

75. 
S. C. The emperor bare headed, on horseback. 

76. 
S. C. Jupiter seated, full faced : on each side a female figure, seated : 
the one on the right holding a patera and the hasta ; the figure on 
the left hand wearing a helmet, and holding the hasta. 

77. 
SCICILIA. The head of Medusa. 

78. 
S. P. Q. R. A temple, with six (or two) columns. 

79. 
S. P. Q. R. AN. F. F. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. (or HADRIANO. AVG. 
P. P.) with a laurel garland. 

80. 
TELLVS. STABIL. A female seated on the ground. 

81. 

VIRTVS. AVGVST. The emperor on horseback, armed with a 

jayeliu, pursuing a lion. 

82. 

VOT. PVB. (or VOTA. PVBLIC.) The emperor, sacrificing, with the 

' usual attendants. 

83. 

Without legend. The ^lian bridge. 

84. 
Wl&out legend. Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva, seated. 

85. 
Without legend. A female standing near the prow of a vessel, between 
a temple and a rock: a bird perched on the latter. 

Nos. 25 and 67 are by far the rarest; the next in rarity is No. 83; 
then Nos. 32, 44, 45, 72, 77; then Nos. 2, 4, 5, 9, 18, 19, 30, 31, 37, 
40, 53, 57, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 79, 82, 84, and 85 : the least rare are 
Nos. 3, 10 to 17, 20 to 24, 27, 28, 29, 33, 35, 38, 39, 48, 50, 54, 55, 58 
to 70. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. COH. PRAETOR. The emperor addressing his soldiers. 



246 HADRIANUS. 

2. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. AFRICAE. The emperor and the province 
personified, sacrificing at an altar (similar to the first hraas). 

3. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. ARABIAE. A similar type. 

4. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. GALLIAE. A similar type. 

5. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. HISPANIAE. A similar type. 

6. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. ITALIAE. A similar type. 

7. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. IVDEAE. A similar type. 

8. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. MACEDONIAE. A similar type. 

9. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. MAVRETANIAE. A simUar type. 

10. 
AEGTPTOS. Egypt seated, as on the first brass. 

11. 
AFRICA. Africa seated, as on the first brass. 

12. 
ALEXANDRIA. The city of Alexandria personified, seated on the 
ground. 

13. 

BRITANNIA. The province personified, seated on a rock, and holding 
a spear; a shield by her side. (See FtgnetUt page 248^. 

14. 
CAPPADOCIA. Cappadocia personified, standing; her right hand 
holding mount Argoeus ; her left, a standard. 

15. 
COH. PRAETOR. The emperor addressing his soldiers. 

16, 
COS. III. Janus standing. 



r 



HADRIANUS. 247 

17. 
COS. III. A city pencmified, sittiDg on a rock, holding ean ot corn : at 
her feet, a rirer-god. 

18. 
Same legend. A dub. 

19. 
Same legend. A Ijrre. 

20. 

COS. III. p. p. Hercules sitting on a rock: his right hand resting on 

his club; a bow in his left; at his feet, the Erymauthean boar, 

21. 
Same legend. An eagle, a peacock, and an owl. 

22. 
DACIA. The province personified, seated on a rock. 

23. 

EXERC. HISPAN The emperor on horseback, addressing his 

soldiers. 

24. 

EXERCITVS. NORICVS. A similar type. 

25. . 
FELICITATI. AVG. on the sail of a galley full of figures: below, 

COS. ni. p. p. 

26. 

FORT. RED. PONT. MAX. TR. POT. COS. II. Side view of a 

temple. 

27. 

HADRIANVS. AVGVSTVS. Laureated head of Hadrian. —/Jw. 

HADRIANVS. AUG. COS. III. P. P. Bare head of Hadrian. 

28. 
Another, with the head of Hadrian laureated on each side. 

29. 
IMP. T. AELIVS. CAESAR. ANTONINVS. Head of Antoninus. 

30. 

MAURETANIA. The Province holding a horse by the bridle, as on 

the first brass. 

31. 

P. M. TR. P. COS. III. A cornucopia and a pair of scales, crosswise. 
This coin is struck from the dye of the third brass. 



248 HADRIAN us. 

32. 

RESTITVTORI. ACUAIAE. The emperor, raiiiiig up a teuktie 
figure ; a vsk Btandiug between them. 

33. 
RESTITVTORI. AFRICAE. The emperor, railing up a. female 
figure; between them, ears of com. 

34. 
RESTITVTORI. BITHYNIAE. A dmUar ^(pe. 

35. 
RESTITVTORI GALLIAE. A Hmilar type. 

36. 
RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE. A Bimilar type. 

37. 
RESTITVTORI. MACEDONIAE. A umilar type. 

38. 
RESTITVTORI. PHRYGIAE. A limilar type. 

39. 
RESTITVTORI. SICILIAE. A liiiiilaT ^e. 

«. 
SABINA. AVGVSTA. (or SABINA. AVGVSTA. HADRIANI.) 
AVG. P. P. Head of Sabina. 
Thia coin ii rare when the head of Sabina ii encircled with a wbealen 
garland. 

41. 
S. C. Four children, repreientiiig the four Seamni. 

42. 
S. C. The infont Jupiter, under the goat Amalthea. 

43. 
TELLUS, STABIL. A woman, littiog on the ground near a iphiui. 

Noa. 1, 23, 24, 29, and 40, are much the rareit typea. The next in 
rarity are Nof . 20, 21, 26, 27 ; then Nog. 2, 3, 4, 8, 13, 15, 25, 88, 31, 



HADRIAN us. 249 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

A£LIANA. PI NCENSI A. within a garland of Uurel. 

The size of this coin varies. 

2. 

COS. III. The head of Jupiter- Ammon. 

3. 
Same legend. A veiled female with torreted crown, seated on a rock ; 
at her feei^ a river personified, S. C. 

4. 
COS. III. S. C. RomarVictrix, seated. 

5. 
Same legend. A griffin, running. 

6. 
Same legend. A griffin squatting. 

7. 
Same legend. Three ensigns. 

8. 
COS. III. p. p. S. C. A crescent, and seven stars. 

9. 
Same legend. A tahle, two urns, and a palm-branch. 

10. 
Same l^end. An eagle, with wings expanded 

11. 
P. M. TR. p. COS. III. Head of Minerva. 

12. 
Same legend. S. C. The prow of a vessel. 

13. 
Same legend. A balance and cornucopia. 

14. 
Same legend. An owl standing on a shield. 

15. 
S. C. An eagle, between a peacock and an owl. 

16. 
S. C. within a laurel garland. 



250 SABINA. 

17. 
TRIB. POT. COS. III. Capricorn ; a cornucopia on its liack. 

18. 
MET. NOR. within an oak garland. 

19. 
Without l^end. A bearded, helmed head.— iZeo. METAL. DELM. A 
coat of mail. 

Nos. 1 and 18 are much the rarest: the next in rarity are Nos. 3, 9, 
11, 14, 15, and 17. 

SABINA. 

[Julia Sabina, daughter of Matidia, and wife of Hadrian, was married to 
the emperor about the year of Rome 853 (A. D. 100). She was 
treated with severity by Hadrian, who caused her to be poisoned. Othen 
say she destroyed herself, about the year of Rome 890 (A. D. 137)]. 

Style: SABINA. AVGVSTA. SABINA. AVGVSTA. IMP. 

HADRIANI. AVG. (by impHcation, uxor.) SABINA. 

AVGVSTA. HADRIANI. AVG. P. P. DIVA. AVG. (or 

AVGVSTA.) SABINA. 

Gold - R3 

Silver C 

First and second brass --------------C 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 

CONSECRATIO. An eagle. AR 

2. 
^ Same legend. An eagle in full fiight, holding a sceptre in its talons, 
and bearing the empress. (Plate vi. No, 7). ----- AU 

3. 
COS. III. A crescent and a star. ---------- AR 

4. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVG. P. P. COS. in. A female seated. - - AR 

5. 
! IVNONI. REGINAE. Juno, standing. AU 

6. 
PIETATI. AVG. An altar (Obversey the head of Sabina veiled). AR 

I 7. 

I Same legend. An altar (Obverse^ the bare head of Sabina). - - AR 



8ABINA. 251 

8. 
TELLVS. STABIL. The Earth seated, ^th her attributes. - - AR 

9. 
VESTA. Vesta, seated. AU 

10. 
Without legend. Ceres with her attributes, seated. ----- AU 

11. 
Without legend. A female seated, with a child. ------ AU 

12. 
Without legend. Vesta seated, holding the palladium. - AU & AR 

13. 
Without legend. Venus- Victrix, standing. ------ - AR 

14. 
Without legend. A female standing. --------- AR 

15. 
Without legend. A female seated, holding a patera. - - - - AR 

In gold, Nos. 2, 8, and 11, are much the rarest No. 5 is the least 
rare. In sflyer, No. 8 is the rarest No. 1 is next in rarity ; then No. 3. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle in full flight, bearing the empress. 

2. 

Same legend. An eagle. 

3. 

HADRI ANVS. A VGVSTVS. Head of Hadrian. 

4. 
S. C. The carpentum, drawn by two mules. 

The above are all very rare ; but No. 2 is the least rare. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

HADRIAN VS. AVGVSTVS. Head of Hadrian. 

This coin is very rare, and still rarer when the head of Sabina is 
encircled by a wheaten garland. 



252 AELIUS CAESAR. 



AELIUS CAESAR. 

[Lucius Aurelius Cejonius Commodus Verus, the son of Cejonius 

Commodus the consul, was horn . Adopted hy Hadrian in the 

year of Rome 888 or 889 (A. D. 135 or 136), when he took the name 
of Lucius Aelius Verus, and died in 891 (A. D. 138)]. 

Style : L. AELI VS. CAESAR. 

Gold -R4 

„ quinarii ----------------R5 

Silver -R2 

Brass medallions -----.-------. -Rg 

First hrass -----------------S 

Second brass -----------------S 



GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ANNON A. AV6. The modius, containing ears of corn. - - - AR 

2, 
CONCORDIA. Concord, standing or seated. AR 

3. 
CONCORD. TRIE. POT. COS. II. Concord, seated. - - AU & AR 

4. 
FELICITAS. AVG. Felicity, standing. AU & AR 

5. 
PIETAS. TR. POT. COS. II. A veiled female, sacrificing. (Plate vi, 
No.S), - AU&AR 

6. 
SAL VS. TR. POT. COS. II. Salus, seated hefore an altar. - - AR 

7. 
TRIE. POT. COS. II. A female, seated. AU 

8. 
Same legend. A female sacrificing. --------- AU 



r 



AELIU8 CAESAR — ANTINOUS. 253 

9. 

TR. POT. COS. II. A female standing, holding a cornucopia and a 
caduceus. (A gumaruu). ----------- AU 

10. 
Same l^end. A similar type. ----------- AR 

11. 
Same legend. Hope. -------------- AR 

In silTer, No. 1 is much the rarest ; Nos. 3 and 5 are least rare. 

BRONZE MEDALLION. 

L. AELIVS. CAESAR. Bare head of L. JE\ius.'--Eev. TRIB. POT. 
COS. II. S. C. Ceres seated on a cista : .£lius in the toga, standing 
before her. 

This medallion has a large ornamented circle. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

HILARITAS. P. R. A female standing, holding a branch and a cor- 
nucopia. 

2. 

TR. POT. COS. II. Fortune and Hope, standuig. 
No. 1 is by far the rarest 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. TRIB. POT. COS. II. Concordia, seated. 

2. 
TR. POT. COS. II. Fortune and Hope, standing. 

ANTINOUS. 
There are only Greek medals of Antinous. 



254 ANTONINUS PIUS. 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 

[Titus Aurelius Fulvius Bojonius Arrius Antoninus, the son of Aurelius 
Fulvius and Arria Fadilla, was bom at Lanuvium, in the year of 
Rome 839 (A. D. 86). Upon the death of Lucius j£lius, Hadrian 
adopted him, when he was invested with the title of Caesar, and 
endowed with the tribunitian power, 891 (A D. 138) ; he then took the 
names of T. .£lius Hadrianus Antoninus. He succeeded Hadrian the 
same year, and received from the Senate the title of Pious. He took 
the title of Pater Patriae in 892 (A. D. 139) ; and died at Lorium in 
Etruria, in the year of Rome 914 (A. D. 161)]. 

Style: IMP. CAES. ANTONINVS. IMP. CAES. AEL. 

ANTONINVS. IMP. T. CAES. ANTONINVS. IMP. 

CAES. T. AEL. ANTONINVS. IMP. T. AEL. (or AELI VS.) 

CAES. (or CAESAR.) ANTONINVS. IMP. CAES. T. AEL. 

HADR. ANTONINVS. IMP. T. AEL. CAES. HADR. (or 

HADRI.) ANTONINVS. [On reverse, avg. pivs. or avg. pivs. p. p.] 

^T. AEL. ANTONINVS. AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) IMP. 

ANTONINVS. AVGVSTVS. IMP. T. AEL. ANTONINVS. 

AVG. IMP. CAES. ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. CAES. 

AEL. (or AELIVS.) ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. T. AEL. 

CAES. ANTONINVS. AVG. ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. 

[On reverse, sometimes p. p. J IMP. CAES. ANTONINVS. 

PIVS. IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) HADR. ANTONINVS. 

AVG. PIVS. IMP. CAES. T. AEL. HADR. ANTONINVS. 

AVG. PIVS. IMP. T. AEL. CAES. HADR. (or HADRI.) 

ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. [On reverse, sometimes, optimvs. 

PRiNCEPs. PIVS.] ^T. AEL. ANTONINVS. AUG. P. P. 

IMP. CAES. ANTONINVS. AVG. P. P. ^ANTONINVS. 

AVG. P. (or PIVS.) P. P. [On reverse, sometimes, imp. (or 

IMPERATOR.) or OPTIMVS. PRINCEPS. Of AMPLIATOR. CIVIVM.] IMP. 

ANTONINVS. AVG. P. P. P. IMP. CAES. T. AEL. 

ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. P. P. IMP. CAES. T. AEL. 

HADR. (or HADRIAN.) ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. P. P. 

ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. P. P. ANTONINVS. AVG. 

PIVS. P. P. IMP. DIWS. ANTONINVS. [On reverse, 

sometimes, diws. pivs.]— DIVVS. PIVS. 



r 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 255 

Gold C 

„ quinarii --------- -------R3 

saver, VC 

„ quinarii ---------------- R6 

Bran medallions ---.-----------R2 

Pint brass VC 

Second brass ---------------- VC 

Third brass R3 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AETERNITAS. A female, standing, holding a globe. - - - AR 

2. 
APOLLINL AVGVSTO. Apollo, in a female habit, holding a lyre 
and a patera. ------------- AU & AR 

3. 
AED. DI VI. AVG. REST. COS. IIII. Two figures, seated in a temple 
with eight columns. ------------- AR 

4. 
AVGVSTA. Ceres, standing. (MiormetJ. AR 

5. 
AVG. PIVS. P. M. TR. P. COS. 11. Equity, standing (A qui- 
narim), ----------------- AU 

6. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. ---------- AR 

7. 
AVRELI VS. CAES. AVG. PII. F. COS. DES. Bare head of Marcus 
Aurelius. -------------- AU 8c AR 

8. 
i AVRELIVS. CAESAR. AVG. PII. F. COS. The youthful head of 
j AureUuB. (Plate vi, No. 9). AU & AR 

BRITAN. Victory on a globe. AU 

10. 
CONG. AVG. Villi. COS. IIII. A female, standing, with cornucopia 
and tessera. --------- AR 



256 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

11. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pHe. AU 

12. 
COS. III. TR. POT. The emperor and his two children in a triumphal 
car. ------------------ AU 

13. 
COS. nil. A female, standing, holding a rudder. .... AR 

14. 
Same legend. A statue within a temple. •-.....- AR 

15. 
Same legend. Victory marching. (K quinaruu). ..... AU 

16. 
COS. IIII. TR. POT. Jupiter sitting on arms. (AqumarkuJ, AR 

17. 
DIVVS. ANTONINVS. Bare head of Antoninus. — /l«. DIVA. 
FAVSTINA. Head of the elder Faustma. (See Khell). - AR 

Valued hy Mionnet at 150 francs. 

18. 
DIVO. PIO. The Antonine pillar. AR 

19. 
Same legend. A male figure, seated in a curule chair. - - . AR 

20, 

FORTVNA. OPSEQVENS. (tic) COS. IIII. Fortune with her at- 

butes. AU&AR 

21. 

GENIO. SENATVS. A figure in the toga, standing, holding a laurel 
branch. -.---.--.....---. AR 

22. 
GENIVS. POPVLI. ROMANI. Genius standing, with haata and 
cornucopia. --- --....--.-. AU 

23. 
IMP. II. A caduceus, and two comucopise, crosswise. - - - AR 

24. 
IMPERATOR.il. A shnilar type. AR 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 257 

25. 
Same legend. Jupiter seated. ........... AU 

26. 
Same legend. Victoiy standing on a globe, (k qumanm). - - AU 

27. 
lOVI. STATORI. Jupiter-Stator. AU 

28. 
ITALIA. TR. POT. Italy personified, seated on a globe. AU h AR 

29. 
LAETITIA. COS. IIII. Two female figures standing: one, holding 
com ; the other, a globe. -.----.--.- AU 

30. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. II. (or III. or IIII.) The emperor seated on 
an estrade, distributing gifts to the people. .... AU & AR 

31. 
LIBERALITAS. VII. COS. IIII. The emperor in the toga, standing, 
holding a vexiHum. ..----.-..--- AR 

32. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. Villi. COS. IIII. A female standing with 
a tessera and cornucopia. ..-..--...-. AR 

33. 

LIB.IIIL A similar type. AU 

34. 
LIB. VI. COS. IIII. Lberality, standing. AR 

35. 
Same legend. Liberality, standing. (A qtmariiu), .... AU 

36. 
MARTLVLT.IMPERATOR.il. Mars, standing. - - - - AU 

37. 
DPI. AVG. Ops, seated.* AR 

* We find the goddess Ops also represented on the coins of Pertinax. This 
deity was, according to Macrobius, the same as Maga, Bona-Dea, Fauna, and 
Fataa. In the mingling of the Greek and Latin deities. Ops and Rhea were 
confounded, although they were originally diftxent goddesses. The festival of 
Ops was celebrated by the Romans under the name of Opalia, when they 
lacrificed to her a sow big with young. " Telluri scropha ingens immolabatur 
f<eta," says Amobius, who in his ridicule of the heathen riles, does not forget 
this cruel ceremony. 

YOI. I. s 



J 



258 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

38. 
PIETAS. TR. POT. COS. A female, sacrificing. AU 

39. 
PIETAS. TR. P. XIIII. COS. IV. A female standing at an altar. 
(KheUj. AR 

40. 
PONT. MAX. TR. POT. COS. A figure standing, holding a bow and 
an arrow, f See KheU). ------------ AR 

41. 
PRIMI. DECENNALES. within a garland. AU 

42. 
PRIMI. DECENNALES. {or DECEN.) COS. III. within a garland. 

AU&AR 
43. 

PROV. DEOR. TR. P. COS. II. A female, standing. - - - - AR 

44. 
PROVIDENTIAE. DEORVM. A thunderbolt - - - AU&AR 

The gold, in fine preservation, brought but 1/. 7«. at the Dimsdale sale. 

45. 
ROMA. COS. nil. Rome seated, holding a trophy. - - - - AR 

46. 
TEMPL. DIVI. AVG. REST. COS. nil. A temple. - - - AU 

47. 
TEMPLVM. DIVI. AVG. REST. COS. IIII. A temple. - - AU 

48. 
TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. The heads of two children ; each on a 
cornucopia. ---------------- AU 

49. 
TRANQ. TR. POT. XIII. (or XIIII.) COS. IIII. A female standing, 
with a rudder and ears of com. -------.. aR 

60. 
TR. POT. COS. III. The emperor, attended, seated on an estrade: 
below, two figures. ---- --. AU 



1 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 259 

51. 
TR. POT. COS. III. Eneas carrying Anchiaea on hia ahouldera, and 
hddmg Aacaniua by the hand. -.-•.------ AU 

52. 
TRIB. POT. COS. III. Man anned with spear and shield, descending 
to Rhea, who lies asleep on the ground. (Plate vi, No. 10). AU 

53. 
TR. POT. COS. III. Romnlus and Remus, suckled by the wolf in a 
cavern. ----------------- AR 

54. 

Same legend. Romulus and Remus, suckled by the wolf. - - - AR 

55. 
TR. POT. XV. COS. IIII. The emperor on horseback. (A qumo' 
nw). AU 

56. 
TR. POT. XIX. COS. IIII. Ceres, seated. AU 

57. 
TR. POT. XX. COS. IIII. Victoiy, marching. (A qumaruu). AU 

58. 
VlCrORA. AVG. Victory in a car, drawn by four horses. - - AU 

59. 
VOTA. SOL. DECENN. II. COS. IIII. The emperor, sacrificing. AU 

60. 
VOTA. VIGENNALIA. COS. IIII. A simihir type. - - - - AU 

61. 
Without legend. The emperor standing, holding the parazonium ; his 
foot on a globe. ------------ AU & AR 

62. 
Without legend. The emperor in a quadriga. .-.--. AU 

63. 
Without legend. Rome seated, holding the palladium. - - - - AU 

64. 
Without legend. A figure with a radiated head, standing, holding 
flowers. ----------------- AU 

s 2 



260 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

In gold. No. 52 is by far the rarest type. Nos. 7, 9, 12, 30, 33, 41, 46, 
47, 48, 60, and 62, are the rarest of the remaining numbers. In silver, 
No. 17 is an extremely rare type. The next in rarity are Nos. 16, 34, 
49. Nos. 3, 31, 32, 37, 39, 40, are much rarer than the other numbers. 
The least rare, are Noe. 1, 2, 6, 8, 13, 20, 28, 30, 42, and 61. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
AESCVLAPI VS. A serpent darting from a galley under a bridge : 
before, the Tiber personified, seated in the midst of the water: 
several buildings on a rock. 

This fine medallion represents the arrival of iBsculapius at Rome, 
described by Ovid. Met Lib. xv. 

2. 
AVRELI VS. CAESAR. AVG. PII. F. COS. Bare head of M. Auidius. 

3. 
COCLES. Horatius Codes swimming across the Tiber, his companions 
having achieved the destruction of the bridge Sublicius. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

This interesting medallion records the heroic exploit of Pub. Hor. 
Cocles, who, in the early days of Rome, single handed, opposed the army 
of Porsenna, at the head of the bridge Sublicius, until his countrymen 
had broken down one end, and thus prevented a communication with the 
opposite shore. Horatius having accomplished his purpose, although 
severely wounded, swam across the Tiber with his arms. A statue was 
erected to him, and placed in the temple of Vulcan. A rare coin of the 
family Horatio, bears his name. Seepage 53. 

4. 

CONSECRATIO. The emperor borne by an eagle : below, a figure, 

reclining. 

5. 

COS. III. .^sculapius, standing. 

A large medallion in a wide circle. 

6. 
COS. nil. Ceres seated, and Hercules standing. 

A large medallion in a wide circle. 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 261 

7. 
Same legend. Hercules, with seyeral asaistanU, aacrificing at an altar 
before a temple. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

8. 
Same l^end. The emperor standing : on each side, four figures with 

various attributes. 

9. 

Same legend. Hercules seated on a heap of arms. 

10. 
Same legend. A female figure with turreted crown, seated ; before her, 
an infant : a figure near a vase, underneath a tree. 

11. 
COS. nil. The emperor standing, in a military habit, joining hands with 
Rome, behind whom is a figure standing : behind the emperor, two 
soldiers. 

A large medallion with a wide circle. 

12. 
Same legend. The same type, but without the circle or border. 

13. 
Same legend. Africa, seated on the ground before the emperor, 
standing : between them, Victory erecting a trophy. 

A very large medallion. 

14. 

Same l^nd. Africa, seated on the ground near a lion : before, the 
emperor standing, Victory between them erecting a trophy. 

16. 

NAVIVS. The augur Naevius sitting on the ground before Tarquin 
standing. 
Valued by Mionnet at 300 francs. 

Naevius was an augur, in the reign of Tarquin. To prove his power 
before the king, he cut in two a flint with a razor, and turned the 
ridicule of the spectators into astonishment Tarquin erected a statue to 
Naevius in the comitium, near which, the razor and flint were buried 
under an altar ; upon which it was the custom to swear witnesses in civil 
causes. Cicero, who was at one time an augur himself, treats the whole 
story as fabulous. 



262 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

16. 
P. M. TR. p. COS. III. Eneas canying Anchiaes, and leading 
Ascanius by the hand. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

17. 
PIETATI. AVG. COS. IIII. A female figure standing, holding a child 
and a globe ; at her feet, two children. 

18. 
PONT. MAX. The emperor, on horseback. 

Valued by Mionnet at seventy-two francs. 

19. 
P. M. TR. POT. COS. II. Bacchus and Ariadne, in a car, drawn by 
a safyr and a panther. 

Valued by Mionnet at 250 francs. 

20. 
S. P. a R. AMPLIATORI. CIVIVM. within a kurel garland. 

21. 

S. P. Q. R. AN. F. F. OPTIMO. PRINCIPI. PIO. widim a lauid 

garland. 

22. 

TIBERIS*. S. C. The Tiber, seated on the ground. 

23. 
TR. POT. XV. COS. IIII. S. C. The emperor, on horseback. 

24. 
TR. POT. XX. COS. IIII. Jupiter, in a quadriga, hurling a thunder- 
bolt at a Titan. 

A large medallion, with a wide circle. Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

25. 
Same legend. Jupiter standing before an altar, having a has relief, 
representing that deity destroying the Titans : on the altar, an 
eagle with wings expanded; behind, Jupiter- Atlas on his knees, 
supporting the globe. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

26. 
TR. POT. XXI. COS. IIII. Rome, seated under a tree, joining hands 
with the emperor, standing: behind him a veiled wonaan, standing, 
carrying a panicr on her head; near the latter, Atys. 




ANTONINUS PIUS. 263 

27. 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. S. C. Victoiy, wearing the mural crown, 

holding B garland. 

28. 

Without l^end. The infknt Jupiter, riding on a goat: before, an altar, 

bearing the figure of an eagle. 

29. 

Widiout l^end. Jupiter, extending his hand to four figures. 

30. 

Without legend. Jupiter^Victor, standing : at his feet, an altar and 

an eagle. 

31. 

Without legend. Jupiter, Juno» and Minerva, seated, full-faced. 

32. 

Without l^nd. Ceres, seated, and Jupiter standing. 

33. 

Without legend. The Sun, in his chariot, preceded by Phosphorus, 

dispelling the clouds: below, a female, seated, holding ears of com 

and a cornucopia. 

34. 

Without legend. A female figure in a long robe, holding a spear and a 

small animal. 

35. 

Without legend. Diana-Venetrix, standing; at her feet a bow and 

quiyer ; on one side a dog drinking at a fountain. 

36. 

Without l^nd. Diana-Lucifera, standing near a tree: at her feet, 

a hind. 

37. 

Without legend. A female, holding a torch^ and riding a horse galloping 

to the right 

38. 

Without l^nd. Prometheus, forming a man: Minerva leaning against 

a tree, around which a serpent is entwined. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

39. 

Without legend. Vulcan, seated, forging a thunderbolt; Minerva 
standing before him. 



264 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

40. 

Without legend. Vulcan seated, forging a helmet; Minerva standing 

before him. 

41. 

Without l^nd. Vulcan standing before a statue of Minenra, placed on 

a cippus. 

42. 

Without legend. A male figure, seated; a female figure, standing, 
fiill-faced : between them a vase, standing on a table. 

43. 
Without l^nd. iBneas and Ascanius, landing from a galley at anchor 
in a liver: in the foreground, under a tree, a sow and her brood; 
above^ the walls of a town. 

This beautiftd medallion illustrates a well known passage in Virgil, 
(i£n. Lib, viii), in which the poet relates the dream of his hero ; thus 
rendered by Dryden ; — 

" And that this nightly vision may not seem 
The e^t of fancy, or an idle dream, 
A sow beneath an oak shall lie along, 
All white herself, and white her thirty young. 
When thirty rolling yean have run their laoe. 
Thy son Ascanius, on this empty space. 
Shall build a royal town of lasting fame, 
Which from this omen shall receive the name." 

Valued by lliionnet at 300 francs. 

44. 
Without l^end. The city of Alba, with its walls fortified : within, &e 
sow and her young; above, JEaeaa carrying his father on his 
shoulders ; a circular temple ; before it, an altar , 

45. 

Without l^;end. Hercules, standing: behind, a corpse, lying at the 
mouth of a cavern. 

The destruction of the giant Cacus, by Hercules, is a well-known tale 
in the Heathen mythology. Valued by Mionnet at 200 firancs. 

46. 
Without legend. Hercules standing near a tree, r^arding Telephus 
suckled by a goat : an eagle perched on the summit of a mountain. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 



r 



ANTONINUS PIUS, 265 

47. 

Widumt legend. Hercules fitting at a table, with Politint and Pinarius; 
several figures waiting on them: a vase placed on an altar; two 
▼ine stalks, and several vases. 

Valoed by Mionnet at 400 francs. 

48. 
Without l^end. Hercules fighting with the Centaurs, one of whom is 
bearing away a female ; below, a temple. 

49. 
Without legend. Hercules plucking firuit firom a tree, round which a 
serpent is entwined : two Hesperides, standing. 

50. 
Without legend. Hercules dragging a victim towards an altar placed 
before a terminus: a quiver hanging on the branch of a tree. 

51. 
Without legend. Bacchus and Ariadne, seated; at their feet, a panther; 
an old man sitting on the ground, and several Bacchanals carrying 
a terminus, and playing on instruments. 

52. 
Without legend. Bacchus sleeping before a woman, near a statue, full- 
&ced, placed on a pedestal. 

53. 

Without l^end. Bacchus standing in a temple, with two circular gal- 
leries on the exterior; before, a man holding a goat. 

54. 
Without legend. Victory erecting a trophy; before, a female and a child. 

55. 
Without legend. A female seated, leaning on a bull couchant : on one 
side, a prow of a vessel, and four children. 

56. 

Without legend. A naked figure, dragging by the legs an animal 

towards an altar, surmounted by a tripod, round which a serpent is 

entwined. 

57. 

Without legend. Mercury, di'agging a ram towards an altar. 



266 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

58. 
Without l^end. Faiutixia, riding on a pegasiu. 

59. 
Without l^end A young man in a Phrygian ci^, riding on a griffin. 

These medallions, most of which are of very great heauty, are valued 
hy Mionnet at from 72 to 400 francs; hut there is little douht that some 
of them would, if in fine preservation, realise much higher prices if 
brought to public sale in England. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

AED. DI VI. AVG. REST. COS. IIII. Two figures seated in a temple 

with four columns. 

2. 

AFRICA. COS. II. Africa personified, standing. 

3. 
ALEXANDRIA. COS. II. The city of Alexandria personified, 

standing. 

4. 

APOLLINI. AVGVSTO. Apollo standing, in a female habi^ holding 

his lyre and a patera. 

5. 

ASIA. COS. II. Asia personified, standing. 

6. 

AVRELIVS. CAESAR. AVG. PII. F. COS. Bare youthful head of 

Marcus Aurelius. 

7. 

BRITANNIA, (or BRITANNIA. IMPERATOR, II.). A figure 

sitting, holding a spear and an ensign. (Plate on, No. SJ, 

8. 
BRITANN. IMPERATOR. II. Victory, on a globe, holding a garland 
and a palm branch. 

A veiy fine coin of ihis type brought 162. 16f. at the sale of the col- 
lection of J. F. Edgar, Esq., in 1815. 

9. 

I 

CAPPADOCIA. COS. II. Cappadocia personified, standing near I 

Mount Argoeus. 





^iJ,,J;M^<//r J,r,ii-< -«?• 





: My I 




r 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 267 

10. 
CONCORDIAE. The emperor, in -the toga, and a female, veiled, 
standing on an estrade, and joining hands; at the foot of the 
estrade, two smaller figures joining hands, over an altar. 

11. 
CONG. AVG. TR. POT. XX. IMP. III. COS. III. The emperor, 
distrihuting the congiarinm. 

12. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle. 

13. 

Same legend. A fbneral pile. 

14. 

COS. III. The emperor seated on an estrade, between the Praetorian 

praefect and Liberality; below, a figure in the toga. 

15. 
Same legend. Four infimts, representing the four Seasons. 

16. 
COS. IIII. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

17. 
DACIA. COS. II. Dada personified, standing. 

18. 
DISCIPLINA. The emperor marching, followed by four soldiers. 

Valued by Mionnet at twenty-four francs. 

19. 
FAVSTINA. AVGVSTA. Head of the empress Faustina. 

20. 
UISPANIA. COS. II. Spain personified, standing; at her feet, a rabbit 

21. 
lOVI. STATORI. Jupitex^tator. 

22. 
ITALIA. JR. POT. COS. III. Italy personified, seated on a globe. 

23. 
IVNONI. SOSPITAE. Juno-Sospita, in a defensive attitude; at her 
feet, a serpent. 



268 ANTONINUS PIUS. 

24. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVS. COS: IIII. The emperor, on an estrade, 

difltributing presents. 

There are several varieties of ibis type, all of which are rare. 

25. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. VII. IMP. VIII. COS. II. A similar type. 

26. 
LIBERALITAS. TR. POT. II. The emperor, distributing gifts. 

Valued by Mionnet at twenty francs. 

* 

27. 
OPI. AVG. Ops, seated in a chair, holding the hasta in her left hand. 

28. 
PARTHIA. COS. II. Parthia personified, standing. 

29. 
PRIMI. DECENNALES. COS. IIL S. C. within a garland. 

30. 
REX. ARMENIS. DATVS. Two figures, standing; at their feet, a 

river-god. 

31. 

REX. QVADIS. DATVS. The emperor crowning a figure in the toga. 
This, and the preceding type, are valued by Mionnet at forty francs. 

32. 
ROMVLO. AVGVSTO. Romulus marching, with a tn^hy on his 
shoulder and a spear in his hand. 

33. 
S. C. The emperor in a quadriga. 

Valued by Mionnet at thirty francs. 

34. 
S. C. The emperor on horseback. 

35. 
S. C. The rape of the Sabines. 

Valued by Mionnet at forty-eight francs. 

36. 
S. C. Eneas canying Anchises. 



r 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 269 

37. 
S. C. The emperor in a chariot, drawn by four elephants. 

This and the preceding type are valued by Mionnet at twenty francs. 

38. 
SCYTHIA. The province, standing. 

39. 
SECVND. DECENNALES. COS. HII. within a garland. 

40. 
Another, with SECVND. DECEMANNALES. (sic) COS. III. 

41. 
SICILIA. Sidlia personified, standing. 

42. 
STRIA. Syria personified, standing : at her feet, a river-god. 

43. 
TIBERIS. The Tiber personified, seated on the ground. 

44. 
TR. POT. COS. III. P. P. Eneas carrying Anchises, and holding 
Ascanius by the hand. 

Valued by Mionnet at twenty francs. 

45. 
TR. POT. COS. III. Janus standing. 

46. 
TR. POT. XIIII. COS. IIII. The emperor on horseback. 

47. 
TR POT. XV. COS. IIII. A similar type. 

48. 
VENERI. FELICI. A temple with eight columns. 

49. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory in a quadriga. 

There are several varieties of this t3rpe. « 

Nos. 19 and 35 are the rarest types. Nos. 30 and 31 are very rare. 
Noe. 1, 4, 6, 13, 16, 21, 22, 24, 48, and 49, are the least rare. The 
types relating to Britain are of course much valued in England, and, 
when fine, bring high prices. 



270 ANTONINUS PIUS. 



SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AFRICA. COS. IL Africa standing. 

2. 
ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. P. P. Laureated head of Antoninus.— 
Rev. ANTONINVS. AVG. PP. Bare bead of Antoninus. 

3. 

AVRELIVS. CAES. PII. F. COS. DES. Bare youthful head of M. 
Aurelius. 

4. 
AVRELIVS. CAESAR. AVG. PII. F. COS. The same head. 

5. 
BRITANNIA. COS. IIII. A female figure sitting on a rock. 

6. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pile. 

7. 
COS. III. The infant Jupiter riding on a goat 

8. 
COS. IIII. Four children, representing the four Seasons. 

9. 

FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTONINI. AVG. PII. P. P. Head of the 

elder Faustina. 

10. 

FAVSTINA. AVGVSTA. The same head. 

11. 
FAVSTINAE. AVG. PII. AVG. FIL. Head of the younger Faustina. 

Valued by Mionnet at forty francs. 

12. 
H ADRI ANVS. AVGVSTVS. Bare head of Hadrianus. 

13. 
HADRIANVS. AVG. COS. III. P. P. Bare head of Hadrianus. 

14. 
LIBERALITAS. IIII. The emperor seated on an estrade : two 
figures below. 



ANTONINUS PIUS. 271 

15. 
Same legend. A BimiUur type, with the Praetorian praefect standing 
behmd the emperor. 

16. 
ROMVLO. AVGVSTO. RomuluB marching with a trophy, as on the 
large brass. 

SCTTHIA. The Province, standing. 

18. 
SICILIA. COS. II. The Province, standing. 

19. 
TEMPL. DIV. AVG. REST. COS. IIII. A temple, with eight 
columns : within, a statue. 

20. 
TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. Two comucopis : the head of a child 
placed on each. 

21. 
TIBERIS. TR. POT. COS. III. The Tiber personified, seated. 

22. 
TR. POT. COS. III. Janus standing. 

23. 
Same l^^nd. Mars and Rhea, as on the gold, No. 52. 

24. 
TR. POT. XIIII. COS. IIII. The emperor on horseback. 

25. 
VERVS. ET. FAVSTINA. Heads of Verus and Faustina the younger. 

26. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory in a quadriga. 

Valued by Biionnet at thirty francs. 

27. 
VOTA. Three figu|e8 in the toga, standmg before a temple. 

No. 6 and 11 are much the rarest; the next in rarity are Nos. 10, 12, 
26; and then Nos. 17 and 18. Nos. 8, 9, 13, and 27, are rarer 
than the remainder. 



272 ANTONINUS PIUS — FAUSTINA. 



THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle on a pedestal 

2. 
COS. III. The modiufl, containing seyeral ears of corn. 

3. 

Same legend. Two capricoms, on a globe. 

4. 
Same legend. An eagle, a peacock, and an owl. 

5. 
TR. POT. COS. II. A table : above, a palm and an um ; below, a 

diota. 

6. 

Same legend. A caduceus and a club placed crosswiBe. 
The first is by far the rarest ; the next in rarity is No. 4 ; then No. 5. 



FAUSTINA THE ELDER. 

[Annia Galeria Faustina, daughter of Annius Verus, praefect of the 
city, was bom in the year of Rome 858 (A. D. 105). She married 
Antoninus before that prince was adopted by Hadrian, and died in 
the year of Rome 894 (A. D. 141)]. 

SxrLE : FAVSTINA. AVGVSTA. FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTO- - 

NINI. AVG. (T)y implication, uxor.) FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTO- 

NINI. AVG. PII. FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTONINI. AVG. 

P. P. FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTONINI. AVG. PII. P. P. 

——DIVA, FAVSTINA. [On reverse, sometimes, avoysta.] 

DIVA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA.) FAVSTINA. 

Gold C 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

Silver (those with the veiled head are less common than the otben) VC - 
„ quinarii (Greek) -------------R2 

Brass medallions ---------------R2 

Contomiati -----------------R6 

First and second brass --.----------- VC 



r 



FAUSTINA. 273 

1. 
AED. DIV. FAVSTINAE. A temple. AR 

2. 
AEQVITAS. Equity standing, with her attrihutes. - - - - AR 

3. 
AETERNITAS. A chariot drawn by two elephants. - - - AU 

4. 

Same legend. A temple ; within, a sedent figure. ----- AU 

5. 

Same legend. A female figure standing, holding a spear. (A quinarnu), 

AU 
6. 

Same legend. A star. -------------- AR 

7. 
AVGVSTA. Ceres standing, holding the hasta (or a torch), and ears 
of com. ---------------- AU 

8. 
CONCORDIAE. Two figures joining hands. AR 

9. 

CONSECRATIO. Faustina in a quadriga ; a figure guiding the horses. 

AU 
10. 

DEDICAtlO. AEDIS. A temple. AR 

11. 
EX. S. C. The carpentum drawn by two mules. ----- AR 

12. 
EX. SENATVS. CONSVLTO. A car, drawn by two elephants. AU 

13. 
IMPERATOR.il. Victory standing. AR 

14. 
IVNO. Juno standing. (\ qumarius). -------- AU 

15. 
lONONI. REGINAE. A throne and sceptre, between a peacock and a 
panier. ,-*---------------- AU 

TOL. I. T 



274 FAUSTINA. 

16. 

Same legend. Juno standing; at her feet, a peacock. * AU & AR 

17. 
PIETAS. AVG. A temple. AR 

18. 
PVELLAE. FAVSTINIA'NAE. An edifice and sevenl figores. 

AU&AR 
The gold is valued hy Mionnet at 200 francs; the silver, at 100 firancs. 

19. 
TR. P. COS. Pontifical instruments. AR 

20. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. Three figures, standing. AU 

21. 
Without legend. A throne, or seat, sceptre, and peacock. - - - AR 

22. 
Without legend. Ceres standing. ---..-.... AU 

23. 
Without legend. A temple. ------------ AU 

24. 
Without legend. A female figure driving a biga. . . - - . AU 

25. 
e€A. *AYCTeiNA. Head of Faustina.— /?«. AKTIA. within a 
wheaten garland. (A quinamu), -------- AR 

Valued by Mionnet at twenty francs. 

In gold. No. 18 is by far the rarest type; No. 12 is very rare: Noa. 
3, 9, and 15, are much rarer tlian the other numbers. In silver, No. 18 
is by far the rarest. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

AETERNITAS. A female standing ; her right hand holding a phcenix; 

her left, a robe. 

2. 

MATRI. DEVM. SALVTARI. Cybele seated in a temple, between 

two lions ; Atys on one side, under a tree. 

The medallions with this type are Contomiati. 




FAUSTINA. 275 

3. 

S. C. Six females, sacrificing at an altar placed before the temple of 

Vesta. 

4. 

TRI. POT. The combat between Romulus, and Tatius king of the 

Sabines : several women carrying their children, endeavouring to 

separate them : soldiers in the back ground. 

5. 

VESTA. A female, sacrificing before a statue placed on a cippus : in 

the field, another cippus. 

6. 

Without legend. The empress, in a biga. 

7. 
Without legend. Cybele seated in a vessel, between two lions: before, 
a female figure drawing the vessel with her girdle ; several women 
bearing torches. 

This medallion illustrates a singular story, related by the Latin his- 
torians. Claudia, a vestal, being accused of incontinence, to prove her 
innocence voluntarily offered to remove a vessel which had brought to 
Rome the statue of Vesta, and which had struck on one of the shallows 
of the river. Having first addressed her prayers to Vesta, she unfas- 
tened her girdle, and tying it to the galley, drew it to the shore ! 

8. 
Without legend. Faustina, with the attributes of Ceres, kindling the 
fire at an altar; on the left, a statue of Ceres, in a car drawn by two 
serpents, placed dn a pedestal. 

9. 
Without legend. A female sitting on the cista, from which a serpent is 
escaping : before, a man standing, in the toga. 

10. 
Without legend. Faustina, sitting on a globe: before, the emperor 
standing, in the toga ; a club in his left hand, a Victory in his right. 

11. 
Without legend. Diana-Lucifera, walking. 

This medallion has a large circle or border. 

12. 
Without legend. A female figure standing, holding a caduceus and a torch. 

T 2 



276 FAUSTINA. 

13. 

Without legend. Faustina seated, as Vesta, holding the palladium and 
the hasta pura : before, a vestal, with a vase upon her head. 

14. 
Without legend. Faustina seated before an altar, holding the paUadium 
and the hasta pura : two women standing. 

15. 
Without legend. Cybele, seated between two lions ; on her right, Atyi. 

Nos. 4 and 7 are extremely rare medallions. Nos. 1 and 12 are much 
less rare than the others. 

FIRST BRA: S. 

1. 
AETERNITAS. A temple; within, a figure seated. 

2. 
Same legend. The tmpress, in a car drawn by two elephants. 

3. 
Same legend. Cybele, in a car drawn by two lions. 

4. 
ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. TR. P. COS. III. Laureated head of 

Antoninus. 

5. 
CONCORDIA. The emperor and empress joining hands. 

6. 
CONCORDI AE. The emperor and empress, each on a pedestal, joining 
hands : below, two smaller figures, similarly placed. 

7. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pile. 

8. 
Same legend. Victory bearing Faustina. 

9. 
Same legend. A mausoleum; above, a quadriga. 

10. 
EX. S. C. The carpentum, drawn bv »\vo mules. 



FAUSTINA. 277 

11. 
EX. S. C. A car, drawn by two elephants. 

12. 
IVNONI. REGINAE. ilu ur.me of the goddess: below, a peacock. 

13. 
MATRI. DEVM. SALVTARI. Cybele, seated between two lions. 

14. 
S. C. A female seated, between a lion and a peacock. 

15. 

S. C. Vesta standing. 

16. 

S. C. A temple. 

17. 

S. C. A temple: within, a figure seated. 

18. 
VENYS. The goddess, standing, holding a bow and an arrow. 

19. 
VENERI. AVGVSTAE. Venus, standing. 

20. 
VESTA. Vesta, standing, holding the palladium and the hasta pura. 

21. 
Legend obliterated. Ceres, in a biga. 

Nos. 4, 8, and 9, are much the rarest Nos. 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 18, and 
21 , are next in rarity. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 
AETERNITAS. A car, drawn by two elephants. 

2. 
Same legend. Cybele, in a car drawn by two lions. 

3. 
ANTONINVS. PIVS. Laureated head of Antoninus Pius. 

4. 
CONSECRATIO. A mausoleum ; above, a quadriga. 



278 FAUSTINA — MARCUS AURELIUS. 

5. 
Same legend. A peacock, bearing Faustina. 

6. 
EX. S. C. A car, drawn by two elephants. 

7. 

ITORI A. (sic) S. C. A female standing, holding a bunch of grapes and 

a knotted stick. 

8. 

PI ETAS. A figure in a temple. 

9. 
SALVTI. AVG. A female, standing. 

10. 
S. C. A car, drawn by two elephants. 

Nos. 3 and 7 are much rarer than the other numbers. 



GALERIUS ANTONINUS. 

[Marcus Galerius Antoninus, son of Antoninus Pius and Faustina, died, as 
is supposed, veiy young, before his father's accession to the empire]. 

First brass (Greek, on the reverse of Faustina his mother). - - - R 6 
Second brass (the same). ------------- R6 

No Latin coins are known of this prince. 



MARCUS AURELIUS. 

[Marcus Annius Verus Catilius Severus, the son of Annius Verus and 
Domitia Calvilla, was bom at Rome in the year of that city, 874 
(A. D. 121). He received the name of M. Annius Verissimus from 
Hadrian, after the death of his father. He was adopted by Antoninus 
at the same time that the latter was adopted by Hadrian, in 891 
(A. D. 138), and declared Caesar, and invested with tribunitian power 
in 900. Having succeeded Antoninus in 914 (A. D. 161), he took the 
names of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. He died at Vindobona (now 
Vienna), in Pannonia, in the year of Rome 933 (A. D. ISO)]. 

Style : AVRELIVS. CAESAR. AVRELIVS. CAESAR. AVG. 

(by implication,/«i«)— AVRELIVS. CAES. (or CAESAR.) AVG. 



MARCUS AUEELIUS. 279 

PII. F. (or FIL.) AVRELIVS. CAES. (or CAESAR.) ANTON. 

(or ANTONINI.) AVG. PII. F. (or FIL.) M. AVRELIVS. 

CAESAR. M. AVREL. ANTONINVS. AVREL. ANTO- 

NINVS. CAES. IMP. M. AV. (or AVR.) ANTONIN. (or 

ANTONINVS.) IMP. CAE. (or CAES.) M. AVR. (orA VREL.) 

ANTONINVS. M. ANTONINVS. AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) 

[On reverse, often imp. or germ anicys. avo. imp. or pater, patriae. 
or restitvtor, italiae.]. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) ANTO- 
NINVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, imp. or p. p. or imp. p. p.] 

IMP. ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. M. ANTONINVS. 

AVG IMP. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) ANTONIN. (or ANTO- 
NINVS.) AVG. IMP. CAES. (or CAESAR.) ANTONINVS. 

AVG. IMP. CAES. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) ANTONINVS. 

AVG. M. ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. ANTONINVS. 

AVG. ARMENIACVS. [On reverse, imp.] M. ANTONI- 
NVS. AVG. ARMEN. (or ARMENIACVS. [On reverse, often 

IMP.] M. AVREL. ANTONINVS. AVG. ARMENIACVS. 

[On reverse, imp.] IMP. M. ANTONINVS. AVG. ARM. 

(or ARME.) M. ANTONINVS. AVG. ARM. PART, (or 

PARTH.) MAX. [On reverse, imp.] M. AVREL. ANTO- 
NINVS. AVG. ARM. PARTH. MAX. [On reverse, imp.] 

M. ANTONINVS. AVG. PARTH. MAX. MEDIC. [On reverse, 

imp.] M. ANTONINVS. AVG. GERM. [On reverse, imp. 

or p. p. IMP.] M. ANTONINVS. AVG. GERM. SARM. (or 

SARMATICVS.) [On reverse, imp. or imp. p. p.] M. AVREL. 

ANTONINVS. AVG. GERM. SARM. [On reverse, imp. p. p.] 
AVRELIVS. CAES. ANTONINVS. P. P. M. ANTO- 
NINVS. P. P. ^M. ANTONINVS. AVG. GERM. SARM. 

P.P. [On reverse, IMP.] DIVVS. MARCVS. DIVVS. 

MAR. (or MARCVS.) ANTONINVS. DIVVS. M. AN- 
TONINVS. PIVS. 

Gold C 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

saver VC 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

Brass medallions --------------- R3 

First brass VC 

Second brass ----------------- VC 

Thirdbrass VC 



280 MARCUS AURELIUS. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. P. P. TR. P. COS. III. {or ANTO- 
NINVS AVG. PIVS. P. P.) Head of Antoninus. AU & AR 

2. 
COMMODVS. CAESAR. AVG. FIL. GERM. Youthful head of 
Commodus. --------------- AR 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

3. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pUe. AU 

4. 
COS. II. The emperor, in a quadriga. -------- AU 

5. 
Same legend. A female standing, holding a palm-branch and a cornu- 
copia. (A qumarhu). ------------ AU 

6. 
COS. III. p. p. Mars marching. (A quinarhu,) ----- AU 

7. 
CONG. AVG. IIII. TR. P. XXI. IMP. IIII. COS. III. - A female, 
standing ---------------- AU 

8. 
DE. GERM. TR. P. XXXI. IMP. VIII. COS. III. P. P. A heap of 

« 

arms and armour. ------------ AU & AR 

9. 
DE. SARM. TR. P. XXXI. IMP. VIII. COS. III. P. P. A heap of 
arms and armour. ----------- AU & AR 

10. 
HONOS. A man, standing, holding a branch. - - - . AU & AR 

11. 
IMPERII. FELICITAS. A woman standing, holding a child. - AR 

12. 
IMP. VI. COS. III. The emperor, on horseback. AU 

13. 
Same legend. The emperor, crowned by Victory. - - - AU & AR 

14. 
IMP. VII. COS. III. The emperor, on horseback. - - - - AU 



MARCUS AURELIUS. 281 

" 16. 
IVVENTAS. A female figure, sacrificing. AU 

16. 
LIBERAL. AVG. VI. IMP. VII. COS. III. A female, standing. AU 

17. 
PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instruments AU 

18. 
PIET. AVG. TR. P. XXXI. IMP. Villi. COS. lit. P. P. A 
veiled female, standing. ------------ AR 

19. 
P. M. TR. P. XVIII. IMP. IL COS. III. A woman emptying a 
coniucopia into a vase. (KheU), --------- AR 

20. 
P. M. TR. P. XIX. IMP. II. COS. III. Victory, inscribing VIC. 
AVG. on a buckler. (KheU). AU 

21. 
PRIMI. DECENNALES. COS. III. witliin a garland. - AU & AR 

22. 
RELIG. AVG. IMP. VI. (or VII.) COS. III. Mercury, with acaduceus 
and a patera. --------------- AR 

23. 
SALVTI. AVGVSTORVM. TR. P. XVIII. COS. III. Hygea, 
standing. ---------------- AU 

24. 
SECVRIT. PVB. TR. P. XXX. IMP. VIII. COS. III. A woman 
seated. ----------------- AR 

25. 
TR. POT. XII. COS. II. Apollo, in a female habit, standing. - AU 

26. 
TR. POT. XIIII. COS. IL Mars, bearing a trophy. - - - - AU 

27. 
TR. POT. XV. COS. III. The emperor, in a quadriga. - AU & AR 

28. 
TR. P. XX. IMP. nil. COS. III. Victory, inscribing VIC. PAR. on 
a buckler. AU&AR 



1 



282 MARCUS AURELIUS. 

29. 
TR. P. XXIIII. COS. III. Mars, marching. (A qumaruu). - AU 

30. 
TR.POT.XXVLCOS.il. Victory, marching. (Aqumarhu). AR 

31. 

TR. POT. XXXIII. IMP. Villi.. COS. III. P. P. A figure, seated. 

AR 
32. 

TR. POT. XXXIII. IMP. X. COS. III. P. P. Victoiy, on a globe. AR 

33. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. Two figures, joining hands; Concord in the 
middle. --------.-------- AU 

In gold, Nos. 4, 12, 14, 17, and 27, are the rarest In silver. No. 2 
is an extremely rare type. No. 27 is very rare. No. 30 is much rarer 
than the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. The emperor, addressing his soldiers, one of whom 
holds a horse by the bridle. 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. IMP. VI. COS. III. The emperor, attended by 
two soldiers, and crowned by Victory, marehing with a trophy 
towards a triumphal arch : behind, the temple of Jupiter-Ci^iitolinus 
and an altar. 

3. 
COS. III. Victory, leaning on a column. 

4. 
IMP. VI. COS. III. VICT. GERM. Victory, in a quadriga. 

5. 

IMP. VII. COS. III. Jupiter, in a quadriga, hurling a thunderbolt at 

a Titan. 

6. 

Same legend. Apollo seated, with his lyre. 

7. 
Same legend. Victory, seated on a heap of arms, holding a palm- 
branch ; and a buckler, inscribed VIC. AVG. : before, a trophy. 



P""" H 





ncL? AUJi£J.Jlj3 



MARCUS AURELIUS. 283 

8. 
IMP. VIII. COS. III. Victory, seated on a heap of anna, holding a 
buckler on her kness ; before, a trophy. 

9. 
Same legend. The emperor standing, and Rome seated. 

10. 
IMP. VIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, on horseback. 

11. 

■ Same legend. Aurefius and L. Verus in a chariot, preceded by a figure : 

above. Victory. 

12. 

IMP. X. COS. III. P. P. A river, personified, reclining near a bridge. 

13. 
PERPETVA. SOBOLES. Romulus and Remus, suckled by the wolf. 

14. 
PIETAS. AVCj. S. C. Sacrificial instruments. 

15. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. S. C. Two horsemen, preceded by a soldier, and 

followed by another. 

16. 

PROFECTIO. AVG. COS. III. A similar type. (Plate C, No. 2). 

17. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. COS. III. S. C. The emperor on horseback, 
preceded by a soldier, and followed by three others. 

18. 
« SPES. PVBLICA. The modiiTs, holding four ears of com and a poppy. 

7; TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. Hercules, with his club and a trophy, 

standing in a car drawn by four Centaurs, each with different 

attributes. (Plate C, No. !)• 

20. 

TR. POT. III. COS. II. A male figure helmeted, seated on a heap of 

arms : behind, a woman, standing ; before, a military standard, on 

a rock. 



* The medallion .firom which the engraving was made is in the British Mu- 
seum. Mionnet has engraved a medallion of the same type, excepting that the 
fourth Centaur holds a vase with two handles. 



284 MARCUS AURELIU8. 

21. 
TR. POT. XII A woman seated, and crowned by another, stand- 
ing : before, a helmet placed on a cippus. 

22. 
TR. POT. XIIII. COS. Minerva, sacrificing at an altar: behind, an owl 

perched on a tree. 

23. 

TR. P. XX. IMP. III. COS. III. Minerva, standing: before, an altar, 

under an olive tree ; Victory standing, full faced. 

24. 

TR. P. XXII. IMP. nil. COS. III. Jupiter, standing between two 
small figures in the toga. 

25. 
TR. P. XXII. IMP. nil. COS. III. Two Victories, holding a buckler, 
inscribed S. P. Q. R. VIC. PARTHICAE.: below, Parthia 
personified, seated, holding a standard. 

26. 

TR. P. XXIII. IMP. V. COS. III. A female seated: before, two 
genii, bearing a cornucopia. 

27. 

VOTA. PVBLICA. Aurelius and Faustina joining hands: between 

them, Juno-Pronuba. 

28. 

VOTA. PVBLICA. TR. POT. XXII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. The 

emperor sacrificing at a tripod ; several other figures, one holding a 

victim : below, a temple. 

29. 

Without legend. Minerva standing, and Vulcan seated ; in his right 

hand a hammer, in his left a thunderbolt : between them, a helmet, 

placed on a table. 

30. 

Without legend. Neptune, standing: before, Ceres, sitting on the dsta. 
This medallion is in a large circle, or border. 

31. 

Without legend. A female standing, with her legs crossed, under a tree, 
feeding a serpent entwined around Hygea, standing on a table : on 
one side, a vase. 



MARCUS AURELIUS. 285 

32. 
Without legend. A female, standing near a veBsel, emptying a cornu- 
copia into a modius. 

33. 

Without legend. A huckler on a cippus : between, a figure in the toga, 
standing, and a man holding a bull. 

34. 
Without legend. Three figures ; one of them seated. 

35. 
Without legend. The emperor, on horseback. 

No. 19 is an extremely rare medallion; Mionnet values it at 400 
francs. Nos. 7, 8, 13, 14, 18, 27, 33, are much less rare than the others. 

[AURELIUS, AND FAUSTINA THE YOUNGER.] 

M. ANTONINVS. AVG. TR. P. XXX. Bare head of Aurelius.— 
Rev, FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTONINI AVG. PII. FIL. Head 
of Faustina. 

Mionnet values this medallion at 250 francs. 

[AURELIUS AND VERUS.] 

1. 
IMP. ANTONINVS. AVG. COS. III. IMP. VERVS. AVG. COS. 
II. Bare heads of Aurelius and Verus, face to face. — Rev, VIC- 
TORIAE. AVGVSTORVM. Victory marching, with a garland. 

This medallion has a large border, or circle. 

2. 
The same type, without the border. 

The first is valued at 200 francs, and the other at 150 francs, by 
Mionnet 

[AURELIUS AND COMMODUS.] 

M. ANTONINVS. AVG. TR. P. XXVII. Bust of Aurelius, with 
coat of mail and laureated head.— i2ev. COMMODVS. CAES. 
GERM. ANTONINI. AVG. GERM. FIL. Bare infant head of 
Commodus, with the paludamentum. 

Tliis extremely rare medallion is valued at 400 francs by Mionnet. 



286 AURELIUS. 



FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVT. AVG. COS. III. The emperor, addreflsing his soldiers. 

2. 

CONG. AVG. III. TR. POT. XX. IMP. XX. IMP. III. AureUus 

and Venis, seated on an estrade, between two figures; a third, 

ascending the estrade. 

3. 

CONG. AVG. IIII. TR. P. XXI. IMP. IIII. COS. IIII. A similartypc. 

4. 
CONSECRATIO. A quadriga, placed on a funeral pile. 

5. 

Same legend. The carpentum, drawn by four elephants. 

6. 
DE. GERMANIS. IMP. VIII. COS. III. P. P. A heap of arms. 

7. 
D£. GERM. IMP. VIII. Aurelius and Verus, in a quadriga. 

8. 
DE. SARMATIS. IMP. VIII. COS. III. P. P. A heap of arms. 

9. 
DE. SARM. IMP. VIII. COS. III. P. P. Two captives, at the foot of a 

trophy. 

10. 

DIVA. FAVSTINA. Head of Faustina. (FaiUant). 

11. 
DI VVS. VERVS. Bare head of Venis. 

12. 

GERMANIA. SVBACTA. IMP. VI. COS. III. A woman, seated at 

the foot of a trophy. 

13. 

GERMANICO. AVG. IMP. VI. COS. III. A captive, standing ; and 

another, seated at the foot of a trophy. 

14. 
HONOS. TR. POT. VI. COS. II. A male figure in the toga, standing, 
holding a branch of laurel and a cornucopia. 



r 



AURELIUS. 287 

15. 
LIB, AVGVSTOR, TR, P, XV. COS. III. The emperor, atting on 
an estnde : two other figures standing below« 

All the varieties of this type are rare. 

16. 
PRIMI. DECENNALES. COS. III. S. C. within a laurel garknd. 

17. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. 

18. 
PROFECTIO.. AVG. COS. III. The emperor, on horseback, and 
several soldiers on foot 

19. 
PROPVGNATORI. IMP. Villi. COS. III. P. P. Jupiter, hurling a 
thunderbolt at a falling figure. 

20. 
PROVIDENTIA. AVG. IMP. VI. COS. III. The emperor, 
addressing his soldiers. 

21. 
RELIG. AVG. IMP. VI. COS. III. A figure, within a temple. 

22. 

RESTITVTORI. ITALIAE. IMP. VI. COS. III. The emperor, 

raising up a woman. 

23. 

REX. ARMENIS. DATVS.TR.P. IIII. IMP. II. COS. The emperor, 

on an estrade, and three other figures. 

24. 

TR. POT. XV. COS. III. Two hands joined, holding a military 

ensign. 

25. 

Same legend. Aurelius and Verus, seated on an estrade; a figure 

standing before them. 

26. 

TR. POT. XV. COS. III. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

27. 
TR. POT. XX. IMP. IIII. COS. III. Aurelius and Verus, in a quadriga. 

28. 
VEN VS. GENETRIX. Venus standing, holding a buckler. 



283 AUREUUS. 

29. 
VICT. GERM, (or GERMA.) IMP. VI. COS. III. within a garland. 

30. 

VIRTVS. AVG. IMP. VI. COS. III. (or ADVENTVS. AVG. IMP. 

VI. COS.). A bridge, over which the emperor is passing, followed 

by five soldiers. 

31. 

VOTA. PVBLICA. Aurelius and Faustina joining hands. Concord 

standing between them. 

Nob. 11 and 23 are by far the rarest types. No. 27 is the next 
in rarity: then No. 10. Nos. 19, 20, and 30, are much rarer than 
the remainder; of which, Nos. 2, 6, 8, 12, 15, 16, 29, and 31, are the 
least rare. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
DIVO. AVG. PARENTI. The emperor on horseback. • 

2. 
FAVSTINA. AVGVSTA. Head of Faustina. (VmBwiL) 

3. 
IVVENTAS. TR. POT. III. COS. II. A figure, holding a branch of 
laurel, standing near a trophy. 

4. 
IVVENTVS. S. C. within a garland. 

5. 
LIB. AVGVSTOR. TR. P. XV. COS. III. The emperor and Verus, 
seated on an estrade, and two figures standing before them. 

All the varieties of this subject are rare. 

6. 
RELIG. AVG. IMP. VI. COS. 111. Mercury, standing : the caduceus 
in his left hand ; in his right, a purse ; at his feet, a cock. 

7. 
TR. POT. XIIII. COS. II, A figure, on a winged sphinx. 

8. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. A similar type to the large brass No. 31. 

Nos. I and 2 are very rare types. Nos. 3 and 7 are much rarer 
than the others. 



r 



AURELIUS — FAUSTINA THE YOUNGER. 289 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
COS. It I. Head of Jupiter- Ammon. 

TR, P. XXII. IMP. V. COS. III. Equity, standing. 
The last is the rarest type. 

FAUSTINA THE YOUNGER. 

£A]iiiia Faustina, daughter of Antoninus Pius and Galena Faustina^ was 
bom in the year of tlome — ; married to Marcus Aurelius about the 
year 893 (A. D. 140), and died in 928 (A. D. 175)]. 

Style : FA VSTINA. AVGVSTA. [On reverse, sometimes, av- 

GVSTf. PII. PlL. or MATER. CASTRORVM.] FA VSTINA. AV- 
GVSTA. A VG. PII. F. FAVSTINA. AVG. PII. AVG. FIL. 

(or FILIA.) FAVSTINA. AVG. ANTONI. (or ANTO- 

NINI.) AVG. PII. F. (or FIL.) DIVA. AVG. FAVSTINA. 

DIVA. FAVSTIN. (or FAVSTINA.) AVG. MATER. CAS- 

TROB DIVA. FAVSTINA. PIA. [On reverse, sometimes, 

MATER. CASTRORVM.]. 
Gold " C 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

Snver - VC 

Brass medallions ----------------R2 

First brass ---------*------_c 

Second brass -----------------C 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. A dove. (A quinariut). AU 

2. 
CQNSECRATIO. A biga placed on a funeral pile. - - - - AR 

3. 
Same legend. A crescent and seven stars. -------AR 

4. 
Same legend. A funeral pile (with the title of matri. castrorvm. on 
the ohverse), --------------- AR 

VOL. I. u 



/ 




290 FAUSTINA THE YOUNGER. 

5. 
FECVNDITATI. A VGVSTAE. A female seated, holding a child on 
her knees ; and two other children standing, one on each side. AU 

6 
FORTVNAE. MVLIEBRI. Fortune seated. - - - - AU & AR 

7. 
IVNO. The goddess, seated, two figures standing before her - - AU 

8. 
MATRI. CASTRORVM. A female figure seated, holding a phoenix 
on a globe ; two (or three) military ensigns. - - . AU & AR 

This is the only gold coin of Faustina that has her head veiled. It 
has the legend DIVAE. FAVSTINAE. PIAE. 

9. 
MATRI. MAGNAE. Cybele seated between two lions. - AU & AR 

10. 
VENERI. AVGVSTAE. Venus seated AO & AR 

11. 
VENERI. FELICI. A dove. AU 

12. 
VENVS. Venus standing. (A quinaruu). ------- AU 

13. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus standing, holding a Victory and a buckler. 

AU 
In gold, No. 8 is an extremely rare type ; No. 10 is much tarer than 
the other numbers. In silver, Nos. 2, 3, 4, 8, and 10, are much the 
rarest 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

AETERNITAS. AVGVSTA. A female veiled, seated on a stag, and 

holding a torch. 

2. 

S. C. The temple of Vesta, and six figures standing at an altar. 

(Plate B, No. 2). 

3. 

TELL VS. STABILIS. A female seated, leaning on a cista; before, 

four children. 

4. 

VENVS. Venus, standing between Cupid and a Triton. 



f/.L^lTJjf^i TJ-liE y<J'Ui1Z£.R . 




FAUSTINA THE YOUNGER. 291 

5. 
y£NVS. FELIX. Venus seated, holding a Victory and the hasta.. 

6. 
Without legend. The temple of Vesta, and seven figures hefore an altar. 

7. 
Without legend. Fortune seated, with her attributes : behind, a figure 
placed on a column. 

8. 
Without legend. A female figure seated, crowning a young woman 

attended by three other girls. 

9. 

Without legend. Ceres veiled, sitting on the cista : a female standing, 

leaning on a column. 

10. 

Without legend. A woman holding a torch, sitting on a stag. 

11. 

Without legend. Cybele seated between two lions ; on her right, Atys. 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

12. 

Without legend. Cybele seated on a lion, holding the sistrum and the 

hasta. 

13. 

Without legend. A peacock with its tail spread. 

14. 
Without legend. Isis-Pharia, walking to the right, holding the sistrum 
and a veil: before, a galley ; behind, a light-house. 

15. 
Wi&out legend. A female figure, naked to the waist, grasping the 
branch of a tree with her right hand, and holding a child with her 
left; on her left an embattled waU, surmounted by a branch: 
around are winged genii, in various attitudes. (Plate B, No. I). 

No. 11 is much the rarest Nos. 2, 4, and 6, are much less rare than 
the others. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

AETERNITAS. A car, drawn by four elephants. 

2. 
Same legend. A sedent female figure, supported by two women. 

V 2 



292 FAUSTINA THE YOUNGER. 

3. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pUe. 

4. 
Same legend. A peacock bearing the empress. 

5. 
Same legend A peacock with its tail spread. 

6. >, 

Same legend. The throne of Juno, a sceptre, and a peacock. 

7. 
MATRI. CASTRORVM. A female standing, and three ensigns. 

8. ^ 

Same legend. A female seated, and two or three ensigns. 

9. 
MATRI. MAGNAE. Cybele seated between two lions. 

10. 
S. C. A female standing, between a peacock and a lion* 

11. 
SIDERIBVS. RECEPTA. Diana in a biga. 

12. 

Same legend. Diana-Lucifera, walking. 

13. 
S. P. Q. R. A car drawn by two mules. 

No. 6 is the rarest type. Nos. 1, 3, 4. 9, 11, 13, are the rarest of the 
other numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
MATRI. MAGNAE. Cybele seated between two lions. 

2. 
VENERI. VICTRICI. Venus and Mars, standing. 

3. 
Without legend. . A peacock with its tail spread. 

Nos. 1 and 2 are the rarest 



ANNIUS VERUS — LUCIUS VERUS* 293 



ANNIUS VERUS. 

[Annius Venia was bom at Rome, in the year of that city, 916 (A. D. 
163). Invested with the title of Caesar in 919 (A. D. 166), and died 
at Praeneste in Latium, in 923 (A. D. 170)]. 

Style: VERVS. CAES. (or CAESAR) ANNIVS. VERVS. 

CAES. ANTONINI. AVG. FIL. 

Brass medallions, on the reverse of Commodus ----.. R8 

First brass ------------R8 

Second brass ----------------Rg 

MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ANNIVS. VERVS. CAES. ANTONINI. AVG. FIL. Bare infant 
head of Annius Verus, with the paludamentum. — Rev. COMMO- 
DVS. CAES. ANTONINI. AVG. FIL. Bare infant head of 
Commodus, with the paludamentum. 

2. 
GOMMODVS. CAES. VERVS. CAES. The infant heads of Annius, 
Verus, and Commodus.— i?«7. TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. Four 
children, representing the four Seasons. (Plate A, No. 2). 

No. 2 is the rarest There are modem casts of these fine medallions. 

FIRST BRASS. 

ANNIVS. VERVS. CAES. ANTONINI. AVG. FIL. Bare infant 
head of Annius Verus, with the paludamentum. — Rev. COMMO- 
DVS. CAES. ANTONINI. AVG. FIL. Bare infant head of 
Commodus, with the chlamjrs. 

This beautiful coin is valued by Mionnet at 600 firancs. 



LUCIUS VERUS. 

[Lucius CejoniuB Commodus, the son of Aelius Caesar and Domitia 
LuciUa, was bom at Rome, in the year of that city 883 (A. J). 130). 
He was called Lucius Cejonius Aelius Aurelius Commodus after his 
adoption by Hadrian in 888 (A. D. 135). Antoninus Pius, adopted 
him at the same time with Aurelius; and, upon the death of Antoninus 
in 914, he succeeded to the empire, associated with Aurelius. He died 



294 LUCIUS VERUS. 

at Altinum, of apoplexy, in 922 (A. D. 169). Some say he was 
poisoned by his wife Lucilla, while others have asserted that he was 
destroyed by his colleague Aurelius, who wished to rid the world of 
his debaucheries ; but this last story is not credited]. 

Stylb ; L. A VREL. CAESAR. (Colonial of Aniioch). IMP. 

CAES. L. AVREL. VERVS. L. VERVS. AVG. [On 

reverse, sometimes imp.] L. AVREL. VERVS. AVG. 

IMP. L. VERVS. AVG. IMP. L. AVR. (or AVREL.) VERVS. 

AVG. IMP. CAES. L. VERVS. AVG. IMP. C. (or CAES. 

L. AV. (or AVR. or AVREL.) VERVS. AVG. L. VERVS. 

AVG. {or AVGV.) ARMENIACVS. [On reverse, imp.] 

L. AVREL. VERVS. AVG. ARMENIACVS. [On reverse, 

IMP.] L. AVREL. VERVS. AVG. ARMENIACVS. IMP. 

L. VERVS. AVG. ARM. PARTH. MAX. [On reverse, often, 

IMP.] L. VERVS. AVG. ARM. MAX. PARTH. MAX. [On 

reverse, impJ L. AVREL. VERVS. AVG. ARMENIACVS. 

M. PARTH. M. L. VERVS. AVG. ARM. PARTH. MAX. 

MEDIC. [On reverse, imp.] DIVVS. VERVS. 

Gold C 

„ quinarii ---------- -R4 

Silver medallions ---------------R8 

„ of the usual size -------------C 

„ quinarii ---------------- R6 

Brass medallions --.------------Rl 

First and second brass --------------C 

SILVER MEDALLION. 

L. VERVS. AVG. ARMENIACVS. Laureated head of Vcrus, with 
the paludamentum.— iJ«r. SAL VS. TR. POT. V. IMP. II. COS. 
II. Salus seated, feeding a serpent on an altar. 

This very rare medallion is valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
CONG. AVG. nil. TR. P. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. A woman 
standing. ---------------- AU 

2. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle, with wings expanded. - - - - AU 



r 



LUCIUS VERUS. 295 

3. 
Same legend. A funenl pile. ...--...-.. AR 

4. 
DI WS. ANTONINVS. Bare head of AntoninuB Pius. - - - AR 

5. 
HERC. PAC. Hercules, standing. AU 

6. 
LIB. AVGVSTOR. TR. P. COS. II. The two emperors, seated on an 
estrade, distrihuting gifts. ---.---.... AU 

7. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. TR. P. II. COS. II. The emperor, on horseback. 

AU&AR 
8. 
REX. ARMEN. DAT. TR. P. IIII. IMP. II. COS. II. The emperor, 
seated on an estrade : before, several figures. ..... AU 

9. 
TR. POT. COS. II. A female standing, holding a globe and a cornu- 
copia. (A quinarhu). --...---.--.- AU ^ 

10. 
TR. POT. II. COS. II. A similar type. (A gwnarwi). - - - ' AU 

11. 
TR. P. V. IMP. III. COS. II. Victory, marching. (A qiUnarhu). 

AU 
12. 
TR. P. V. (or VI.) IMP. III. (or IIII.) COS. II. The emperor on 
horseback, striking down an enemy. AU 

13. 
TR. P. VII. COS. III. Victory, marching. (A qumarius), - - AU 

14. 
TR. P. VIII. COS. III. A similar type. (A qumariut), - - AR 

15. 
VIC. PAR. inscribed by Victory, on a buckler, suspended from the 
trank of a tree. ---.-----.----- AU 



296 LUCIUS VERUS. 

16. 
Without legend. The emperor, on horseback, bearing down an enemy. 

AU 
In gold, Nos. 6 and 8 are the rarest; the next in rarity are, Nos. 7, 
9, 10, 11, and 13. In silver. No. 4 is the rarest; the next in rarity, is 
No. 14; then. No. 7. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. The emperor, haranguing his soldiers. 

2. 
COS. III. Rome, seated on a coat of mail, crowned by Victory: the 
emperor standing, presenting an olive branch. 

This medallion is of the largest diameter. 

3. 
The same type, of an inferior size. 

4. 

SAECVLI. FELICITAS. S. C. A woman standing, holding a caduceus 

and a cornucopia. 

5. 

XR. P. VI. IMP. III. COS. II. Victory, near a trophy: at the foot of 

which are two captives ; one sitting, the other standing. 

6. 
TR. P. VII. IMP. nil. COS. III. (or COS. III. P. P.). The emperor 
standing, crowned by a helmed figure, presenting a Victory to 
Jupiter, seated on a rock. 

7. 

TR. P. VII. IMP. nil. COS. III.. Aurelius and Verus, in a quadriga, 
preceded by several soldiers: in the middle, a trophy and captives. 

8. 
TR. P. VIII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. Jupiter, standing: AureUus and 
Verus, in the toga, on either side. 

The medallions of this type are of several sizes. 

9. 
TR. VIII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. The emperor on horseback, followed 
by two soldiers; beneath the horse, a prostrate enemy. In the 
exergue, ARMENIA. 




LUCIUS VERUS* 297 

10." 
Without legend, .feculapios and Hygea, itanding. 

11. 
Without legend. Hercules, standing, placing a garland on his head, 
and holding his club and the lion's skin : on his right, a tree, from 
the branch of which depends a quiver; on his left, an altar. 

The medallions of this type are of various sizes. 

12. 
Without legend. Aurelius and Verus, standing, in military habits ; at 
at the feet of each, a river-god ; and between them, a captive. Each 
of the emperors is crowned by a Victory. 

The size of this medallion varies. 

13. 
Without legend. The emperor, crowned by Victory, sacrificing at an 
altar, before the statue of a deity, on a column. 

The above medallions are valued by Mionnet at from 100 to 200 
francs ; except Nos. 3 and 4, which he values at but sixty and twenty 
francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. The emperor, addressing his soldiers. 

2. 
CONCORD. AVG. II. {or TR. P. COS. II.). Concord, seated. 

3. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle with expanded wings, standing on a globe. 

4. 

Same legend. A ftmeral pile. 

5. 

Same legend. The carpentum, drawn by four elephants ; each mounted 

by a driver. 

6. 

COS. III. Rome, seated, crowned by Victory, held by another figure. 

7. 

Same legend. The emperor in the toga, standing with a globe in his 

right hand. 



298 LUCIUS VERUS. 

8. 
INDVLGENTI A. AV6G. A woman seated, holding a patera and the 

hasta. 

9. 

LIB. AVGVSTOR. TR. P. COS. II. Aurelius and Venu, seated on an 
estrade, distributing gifts to the people. 

10. 
DIVVS. VERVS. Bare head of Verus.— .Bet;. L. VERVS. AVG. 
ARM. PARTH. MAX. Laureated head of Venis. 

11. 
MATRI Cybele aeated between two lions. 

12. 
M. AVR. ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. XXII. Head of Marcus Aurelius. 

< 

13. 

PROFECTIO. AVG. TR. P. II. COS. II. The emperor on horseback, 
attended by four soldiers. 

14. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. TR. P. III. COS. II. An equestrian figure. 

15. 
Same legend. Several figures on horseback. 

16. 

REX. ARMEN. DAT. TR. P. IIII. IMP. II. COS. II. (or REX. 
ARMENIIS.) DATVS. IMP. II. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. Verus 
sitting on an estrade, attended by three figures ; at the foot of the 
estrade, the king of Armenia, standing. 

17 

TR. POT. COS. II. Aurelius and Verus seated on an estrade : below, 
a figure in the toga, standing. 

18. 

TR. P. IIII. IMP. II. COS. II. The emperor on horseback, striking 
down an enemy. 

19. 

Same legend. Hercules standing : in his right hand, an olive branch ; 
in his left, a club. 



LUCIUS VERUS— LUCILLA. 299 

20. 
TR. POT. V. IMP. II. COS. II. Rome standing : in her right hand, a 
Victoiy ; in her left, a trophy. 

21. 
TR. POT. VI. IMP. nil. COS. II. Aurelius and Vtrus in a quadriga. 

No. 12 is much the rarest type ; the next in rarity is No. 10 ; then 
Nos. 1, 13, 15, 21. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
REA. ARMEN. DAT. TR. P. IIII. IMP. II. COS. II. A similar 
type to the lai^e brass, No. 16. 

2. 

S. C. The emperor in a quadriga. 

3. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory in a biga. 

4. 
TR. P. VIII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. The emperor standing, presenting 
a Victory to Rome seated. 

No. 4 is the least rare. 

LUCILLA. 

[ Annia Lucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger, 
was bom at Rome, in the year of that city 900 (A. D. 147). She was 
married to Verus in 917 (A. D. 164) ; and, after his death, to 
Claudius Pompeius, tf Roman senator, in 923 (A. D. 170). Having 
been concerned in a conspiracy against the emperor Commodus in 
936 (A. D. 183), she was banished to Capreae, where she was subse- 
quently put to death]. 

Style: LVCILLA. AVGVSTA. LVCILLA. AVG. ANTO- 

NINI. AVG. F. LVCILLA. AVG. M. ANTONINI. AVG. F. 

Gold Rl 

saver C 

Brass medallions ---------------R5 

First and second brass --------------C 

Third brass R4 



300 LUCILLA. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. An altar. AR 

2. 
FECVNDITAS. A female seated between two children. AU & AR 

3. 
IVNONI. LVCINAE. A woman seated, holding a child. - - AR 

4. 
PVDICITIA. A woman seated, or standing. ------AR 

5. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing. AR 

6. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. within a garland. AU & AR 

7. 
Same legend, outside the garland. 

In gold, No. 2 is the rarest In silver, No. 7 b the rarest; the next 
in rarity are, Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
VENVS. Venus, standing between Cupid and an altar. 

2. 

Without legend. Cybele, seated between two lions: Atys standing on 

her right hand. 

3. 

Without legend. Six figures, sacrificing before the temple of Vesta. 

4. 

Without legend. A female, shaking a tree, from which an infimt is 
falling: another female, bathing an infant in the sea: three winged 
genii; one on an estrade, the other on an altar, and the third on 
the wall of a garden. 

This last medallion is of extreme rarity. It is described from Mionnet^ 
who values it at 300 francs. The one engraved in Pednisi differs from this. 
The others are very rare. 



LUCILL A — COMMODUS. 30 1 

f IRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FORT. RED. A female ^gvare, stonding. 

LVCILLAE. AVG. ANTONINI. AVG. The head of Lucilla, 
The ohveree of thin coin has the same legend and the same head. 

3. 
MATRI. MAGNAE. Pudicitia, seated between two lions. 

No. 2 is much the rarest. 

THIRD BRASS. WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PVDICITIA. Pudicitia, seated. 

2. 

VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing. 
Both these types are very rare. 

COMMODUS. 

[Lucius, or Marcus, AeHus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, the Son of 
Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger, was bom at LanuviUm, in 
Latium, in the year of Rome 914 (A. D. 161). He was, with Annius 
Verus his brother, declared Caesar in 91 9 (A. D* 1 66). He received the 
title of Prince of Youth in 928 (A. D. 175), and that of Imperator in 
929, at which time he was invested with the tribunitian power. In 
930 (A. D. 177), he received the title of Augustus, and in 933 (A. D. 
180) succeeded to the empire. Commodus was poisoned by his con- 
cubine Martia, and afterwards strangled by a wrestler, in the year of 
Rome 945 (A. D. 192)]. 

Sttli: L. AVR, COMMODVS. CAES. COMMODVS. CAES. 

AVG. F. (or FIL.) COMMODVS. CAES. ANTONINI. 

AVG. FIL. COMMOD. (or COMMODVS.) CAES. AVG. F. 

(or FIL.) GERM. [On reverse, often, princ. ivvbnt.] COM- 
MODVS. CAES. GERM. ANTONINI. AVG. GERM. FIL. 

L. AVREL. COMMODVS. CAES. AVG. FIL. GERM. [On 

reverse, often, prikc. iweht.] COMMODVS. CAES. (or 

CAESAR.) AVG. F. (or FIL.) GERM. SARM. [On reverse, 
often, PRiirc. (or princbps.) ivvewt. (or ivventvtis.)] L. 



302 COMMODUS. 

AVREL. COMMODVS. CAES. AVG. FIL. GERM. SARM. 

IMP. L. AVR. COM. (or COMMODVS.)- IMP, CAES. 

AVR. COMMODVS. IMP. CAES. AVREL. COMMODVS. 

GERM. SARM. IMP. CAES. L. AVREL. COMMODVS. 

GERM. SARM. COMMODVS. AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) 

On reverse, often, p. p.] L. COMMODVS. AVG. [On reverse, 

p. p. or IMP. p. p.] L. AVREL. COMMODVS. AVG. On 

reverse, p. p. or imp. p. p.] L. AVREL. COMMODVS. AVG. 

GERM. SARM. [On reverse, imp. p. p.] IMP. COMMODVS. 

AVG. GERM. SARM. IMP. L. AVREL. COMMODVS. 

AVG. GERM. SARM. [On reverse, p. p. or imp. p. p.] IMP. M. 

AVR. COMMODVS. IMP. CAE. (or CAES.) MAR. COM- 

MO. (or COMMOD.) IMP. CAE. (or CAES.) M. AVR. COM- 
MODVS. IMP. CAES. M. AVR. COMMODVS. AVG. 

COMMODVS. ANTONINVS. IMP. COM. ANTONINVS. 

IMP. ANTONINVS. COMMODVS. COMMODVS. AN- 
TONINVS. AVG. AV. COM. ANTO. AVG. IMP. COMM. 

(or COMMODVS.) ANTO. (or ANTONINVS.) AVG. 

IMP. M. COMM. (or COMMODVS.) ANTONINVS. IMP. 

M. AVR. COMM. ANTONINVS. M. COMMODVS. ANTO- 
NINVS. AVG. [On reverse, imp. p. p.] M. ANTONINVS. 

COMMODVS. AVG. [On reverse, imp. p. p.] M. AVREL. 

COMMODVS. ANTONINVS. AVG. [On reverse, imp. p. p.] 

M. AVREL. ANTON. COMMODVS. AVG. [On reverse, 

p. p.] IMP. M. COM. (or COMMODVS.) ANTO. (or ANTO- 
NINVS.) AVG. IMP. M. AVR. COMO. ANTON. AVG. 

IMP. CAES. M. ANT. COMMODVS. AVG. [On reverse, 

IMP. p. p.] M. COMMODVS. ANTON, (or ANTONINVS.) 

AVG. PIVS. [On reverse, p. p. or imp. p. p.] M. AVREL. 

COMMODVS. ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. [On reverse, some- 
times, IMP. p. p.] COMMODVS, AVG. P. BRIT. [On re- 
verse, IMP. p. p.] M. COMMODVS. AVG. PIVS. BRIT. 

[On reverse, imp. p. p.] COMM. ANT. AVG. P. BRIT. 

[On reverse, imp. p. p.] M. COMM. (or COMMODVS.) ANT. 

(or ANTO. ANTON, or ANTONINVS.) AVG. PIVS. BRIT. [On 
reverse, often, imp. or imp. p. p.] M. COMMODVS. ANTO- 
NINVS. PIVS. FELIX. AVG. [On reverse, imp. p. p.] IMP. 

COMMODVS. AVG. PIVS. FELIX. [On reverse, sometimes, imp. 
p. p.] M. COMM. (or COMMODVS.) ANT. AVG. P. BRIT. 



COMMODUS* 303 

FEL. (or FELIX.) [On reverse, imp. p. p.] M. COMM. ANT. 

AVG. P. FEL. BRIT. [On reveree, imp. p. p.] M. COMM. (or 

COMMODVS.) ANT. FEL. (or FELIX.) AVG. P. BRIT. 

M. COMM. (or COMMODVS.) ANT. (or ANTONINVS.) P. (or 
PIVS.) FEL. (or FEL1X.)AVG. BRIT. [On reverse, often, imp. 
or p. p. or IMP. p. p.] ^M. COMM. (or COMMOD. or COM- 
MODVS.) ANT. P. FEL. (or FELIX.) AVG. BRIT. P. P. [On 

reverse, sometimes, imp.] L. AEL. AVREL. COMM. AVG. 

PIVS. L. AEL. (or AELIVS.) AVREL. (or AVRELIVS.) 

COMM. (or COMMODVS.) AVG. P. (or PIVS.) FEL. (or 

FELIX.) [On reverse, sometimes p. p. or imp. p. p.] ^DIVVS. 

COMMODVS. 

The legends on the coins of Commodus are much varied, and may he 
thus classed : — ^Those struck from the time that he was created Ceasar, to 
the year of Rome 933, bear the names of LVCIVS. AVRELIVS. 
COMMODVS. : those struck from the end of the year 933, to the year 
944^ hear the names of MARCVS. COMMODVS. ANTONINVS., and 
sometimes, MARCVS. AVRELIVS. COMMODVS. ANTONINVS. 
From that period to his death, the name AELIVS. is added to the others. 

Gold medallions ----------------R8 

„ of the usual size --------------R6 

„ quinarii ----------------R7 

Silver C 

„ quinarii ----------------R2 

Brass medallions ---------------R3 

First and second brass --------------C 

Third brass -. Rl 

GOLD MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
FORT. FELL P. M. TR. P. XIIII. IMP. VIIL COS. V. P. P. A 
woman standing, holding a caduceus and a cornucopia; her right 
foot resting on the prow of a vessel. 

2. 
PACI. AETER. P. M. TR. P. XIIII. IMP. VIIL COS. V. P. P. A 
female seated in a chair, holding the hasta-pura, and an olive branch. 

These medallions are valued by Mionnet at 1000 francs each. 



304 COMMODUS. 



GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH RARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. {or CAES.) The emperor, on horseback. 

AU&AR 
2. 

ANN. V. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. A woman, 
standing. *--------------- AR 

d. 

A POL. MONET, {or MONETA.) P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. VI. 

Apollo leaning on a column. ---------- AR 

4. 
APOL. PAL. {or APOLLINI.) PALATINO. P. M. TR, P. XVI. 
COS. VI. Apollo in a female habit, standing. ----- AR 

5. 
AVCT. PIET. P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. A 
female figure, sacrificing. ----•-----'- AR 

6. 
CONC. COM. P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. VL A woman, standing. AR 

7. 
CONC. MIL. (or CONCIL. MILL) P. M. TR. P. XL IMP. VII. COS. 
V. P. P. The emperor and four soldiers. ------ AU 

This type, at the sale of the Trattle collection, brought \\L 5«. 

8. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle on a globe. AR 

9. 
COS. p. p. Victory, marching. (A qtunarnu), ----- AU 

10. 

COS. VI. p. p. The emperor and a figure, standing. (A qtunariiu,) AR 

11. 

COS. VII. p. p. The emperor, crowned by Victory, sacrificing before 

Serapis and Isis. AU 

12. 

DE. GERM. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A heap of arms and armour. 

AU&AR 



^ 



COMMODUS. 305 

13. 
Same legend. A trophy and two captives. ------- AU 

14. 
DE. GERMANIS. A trophy and two captives. - - - AU & AR 

15. 
D£. SARM. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A heap of arms and armour. AU 

16. 
DE. SARMATIS. A trophy and two captives. AU 

17. 
FEL. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. A female 
standing, holding a Victory and a caduceus. . . . - . AU 

18. 
FELIC. PERPETVA. AVG. The emperor in the toga, standing, 
holding a cornucopia, and joining hands with a female, who holds a 
spear. --------.-------- AR 

19. 
FIDEL COHORTIVM. AVG. A female figure, standing. - - AR 

20. 
FID. EXERC. P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. (or V. P. P.) 
The emperor addressing his soldiers. ------ AU & AR 

21. 
FORTVNAE. MANENTI. (or FORT. MANENT.) TR. P. XIIII. 
IMP. (or FORTVNAE. MANENTI. C. V. P .P.), Fortune seated, 
holding a horse by the bridle, and a cornucopia. - - - - AR 

22. 
GEN. AVG. FELIC. COS. V. (or VI. or VII.) Genius sacrificing. 

AU&AR 
This type, in gold, very fine, brought 9/. at the sale of the Trattle 

collection. 

23. 

HERCVLI. COMMODO. AVG. A club: the whole within a 
garland. AU&AR 

24. 
HERC. COM. P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. VI. Hercules sacrificing 
beneath a tree. .-_-._-------- AU 

VOL I. X 



306 COMMODUS. 

25. • 
HERCVLI. ROMANO. A VG. Hercules, near a trophy. AU & AK 

The gold, fine, brought 7/. 28, 6d. at the sale of the Trattle collection. 

26. 
Same legend. A bow, quiver, and club. ------ AU & AR 

27. 

HERCVLI. ROMANO. AVG. (or AVGV.) A club : the whole within 
a garland. ---------------- AR 

28. 

HERC. ROM. COND. COS. VII. P. P. Hercules guiding two oxen. 

AU 

29. 

HILAR. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XIL IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. A 
female figure, standing. ---------- AU & AR 

30. 

I. (or 10 VI.) P. M. SPONSOR. SEC. AVG. Jupiter and the emperor, 
standing. - -------------- AR 

31. 
lOVI. DEFENS. SALVTIS. AVG. Jupiter, and seven stars. - AR 

32. 
lOV. EXSVP. P. M. TR. P. XI. (or XII.) IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. 
P. Jupiter, seated. ------------- AR 

33. 
IVNONI. SISPITAE. TR. P. II. IMP. II. COS. P. P. Juno- 
Sospita in a defensive attitude} a serpent at her feet. - - - AR 

34. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. The emperor, seated on an estrade, distri- 
buting gifts. --------------- wj 

35. 
LIBERAL. V. TR. P. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, 
distributing the congiarium -------- AU & AR 

36. 
LIB. AVG. VI. P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. A similar 
type AR 



r 



COMMODUS. 307 

37. 
LIBERT. AVG. P. M. TR, P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. 
Liberty, standing. -------------- AU 

38. 

LIB. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. VI. {or LIB. AVG. VIII. P. M. 

TR. P. XVII. COS. VII. P. P. Liberty (or Liberality), standing. 

AU 
39. 

LIB. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XVII. COS. VII. P. P. Liberty, standing. 

AU 

40. 

LIB. AVG. TR. P. V. IMP. IIII. COS. II. P. P. Liberality, standing, 
with tessera and cornucopia. ---------- AU 

41. 
MAGNIFICENTIAE. AVG. COS. VII. P. P. within a laurel garland. 

AR 
42. 
MARTI. VLTORI. AVG. Mars, standing ; at his feet a buckler. AR 

43. 
MART. PAC. P. M. TR. P. XIIII. COS. V. P. P. Mars, standing; 
arms Ijdng at his feet. ------------ AU 

44. 
MATRI. DEVM. AVG. Cybele, seated on a lion. - - - - AR 

45. 
MIN. AVG. (or MINER.) P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. VI. Minerva 
marching. -------------- AU & AR 

46. 
MINER. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XVI. A similar type. - - - - AU 

47. 
NOBILIT. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. A 

female figure, standing, holding the hasta, and aVictory. AU & AR 

48. 
OPTIME. MAXIME. C. V. P. P. Jupiter, standing. - - - AR 

49. 
PACI. AETERNAE. C. V. P. P. A female figure, seated. - - AR 

50. 
PATER. SENAT. P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. The 
emperor, standinc^. -------------- AR 

X 2 



308 COMMODUS. 

51. 

PIETATI. SENATVS. C. V. P. P. Two male figures joining handa. 

AU&AR 
52. 

P. M. TR. P. Vim. IMP. VI. COS. nil. P. P. The modius, fiUed. 

AR 
53. 

P. M. TR. P. Villi. IMP. VI. COS. nil. P. P. Victory, marching. 

(A qttmariwi). --------------- AU 

54. 
Same legend. Victory, writing on a huckler. ------- AR 

65. 
Same legend. Minerva, walking : at her feet, an owl. - - - - AR 

56. 
Same legend. Jupiter- Victor, seated. --------- AU 

57. 
Same legend. Jupiter, standing. ---------- AU 

58. 
P. M. TR. P. Villi. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. Roma-Victrix, 
standing. -- -------------- AR 

59. 
Same legend. Bonus-Eventus, standing hefore an altar. - - - AR 

60. 
P. M. TR. P. X. (or XII. or XIII.) IMP. VII. (or VIII.) COS. IIII. 
P. P. (or V. P. P.) Victory, marching. (A qtnnarius), - AR 

61. 
P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. Mars, marching. 
(A qumarius). --------------- AR 

62. 
Same legend. Radiated head of the Sun. -------- AU 

63. 
Same legend. Victory, seated. ------- ----AU 

64. 
Same legend. The emperor in the toga, seated on a curule chair, 
holding a globe in his right hand : a flying Victory behind, about to 
place a garland on his head. ---------- AR 




COMMODUS. 309 

65. 
A similar type, but without the Victory. -------- AR 

66. 
P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. Victory, marching. 
(A qumarhu). --------------- AR 

67. 

P. M. TR. P. XII COS. V. P. P. Mars, marching. (A 

guinarius,) ---------------- AR 

68. 
P. M. TR. P. XIII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. Equity, standing. AU 

69. 
Same legend. Bouus-Eventus, standing. -------- AU 

70. 
P. M. TR. P. XIII. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. P. P. Victory, marching. 
(A qumarku). --------------- AR 

71. 

P. M. TR. P. XVII. IMP. VIII. COS. VII. P. P. Victory, marching. 

AU 
72. 

Same legend. Mars, marching. -------.---- AU 

73. 
PRINC. IV VENT. A figure, standing near a trophy. - - AU & AR 

74 
PROVIDENTI AE. AVG. Hercules and Africa, standing. AU & AR 

75. 
PVBLIC. (or PVBLICA.) FEL. P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. 
V. P. P. A female figure standing* with the hasta and a patera. AR 

76. 
SAL. GEN. HVM. The emperor raising up a figure. - - - - AR 

77. 
SEC. ORB. P. M. TR. P. XIIII. COS. V. DES. VI. A female figure, 
seated. ----------------- AU 

78. 
SECVRITAS. PVBLICA. TR. P. VI. IMP. IIIL COS. III. P. P. A 
female figure, seated. ------------- AU 

This type, in very fine preservation, brought 11/. at the sale of the 
Trattle collection. The same type, fine, brought but 5/. 7«. 6d. at the 
sale of the Dimsdale cabinet. 



310 COMMODUS. 

79. 
SERAPIDI. CONSERV. AVG. Serapia, standing. - - AU&AR 

80. 
SPES. PVBLICA. The usual type of Hope. - - - - AU & AR 

The gold, fine, brought 7/. at the sale of the Trattle collection. 

81. 
TR. P. COS. P. P. A female figure, standing, holding a globe and a 
military standard. -------------- AR 

82. 
TR. P. II. IMP. II. COS. II. P. P. A figure, holding a horse. AU&AR 

83. 
TR. P. III. IMP. II. COS. P. P. One of the Dioscuri, standing by his 

horse. (Plate vU, No. 4). AU 

84. 
TR. P. nil. IMP. III. COS. II. P. P. Mars-Victor, standing. - AU 

85. 
Same legend. Mars, marching. ..---..-.-- AU 

86. 
TR. P. V. IMP. III. (or nil.) COS. II. P. P. Victory, seated. AU 

87. 
TR. P. VI. IMP. mi. COS. III. P. P. Victory, standing. - - AU 

88. 
Same legend and type. (A qidnarku), --------- AR 

89. 
Same legend. Bonus-Eventus, standing near an altar. - - - - AU 

90. 
TR. P. VII. IMP. nil. COS. III. P. P. Victory, marching. (A 
qumaruu), ---------------- AU 

91. 
TR, P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. nil. P. P. Jupiter-Victor, seated - AU 

92. 
TR. P. VIII. IMP. VI. COS. IIII. P. P. Man, standing. - - AU 

93. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. (A qumariu$), ----- AR 

94. 
Same legend. Fortune, seated. --.----.--- AU 



COMMODUS. 31 1 

Same legend. J apiter- Victor, seated. ---...-.. AU 

96. 
TR. P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. Mars, marching. (A qui- 
nanus). ----------.------ AR 

97. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory, standing. AU 

98. 
VIRT. AETER. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XIIII. (or XVII.) COS. VII. 
P. P. Mars, marching. ------------ AU 

99. 
VIRT. AVG. TR. P. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor 
on horseback, engaged in combat with a lion. ----- AU 

100. 
VIRTVS. AVG. TR. P. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. III. P. P. Roma- 
Victrix, seated. -------------- AU 

101. 
VOT. SUSC. DEC. P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. 
The emperor, sacrificing. ----------- AU 

In gold. No. 7 is much the rarest. Nos. 11, 24, 25, 26, 28, 34, 35, 
47, 51j 74, 82, and 99, are much rarer than the other numbers. In 
silver. No. 8 is extremely rare. Nos. 6, 35, 36, and 44, are next in 
rarity; and Nos. 2, 10, 19, 30, 31, 33, 42, 64, 66, 74, 82, 88, 93, and 96, 
are the rarest of the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
APOL. PALATINO. P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. P. P. 

Apollo, in a female habit, and Victory, holding a lyre. 

2. 
BRITTANIA. (sic) P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. A 
male figure, seated on a rock : a military ensign in his right hand ; 
in his left, which rests on a buckler placed on a helmet, a spear. 

3. 
Another, with a similar type ; having on the buckler, the letters S. P. Q. R. 

4. 
COS. VI. A military figure, standing, holding a sword and a spear : 
before, Victory, erecting a trophy; at tbe base of which is seated 
Africa, personified, with a lion. 



1 



312 COMMODUS. 



5. 



COS. VI. p. p. The Sun in a car, on the clouds, preceded by Phos- 
phorus: below, the Earth, reclining. 

6. 
FIDES. EXERCIT. P. M. TR. P. XL IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. The 

emperor, standing on an estrade, attended by the Praetorian prae- 
feet, addressing his soldiers. 

7. 
FORT. FELL P. M. TR. P. XIIII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. For- 
tune, standing, with a caduceus and two comucopise; her right foot 

on the prow of a vessel. 

'8. 

Another, with a similar type, and with a large circle. 

FORTVNAE. REDVCL C. V. P. P. The emperor, veiled, sacrificing 
at a tripod ; Fortune standing near. 

10. 
Same legend. The emperor sacrificing : Fortune seated. 

11. 
HERC. COMMODIANO. P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. 
P. P. Hercules sacrificing at an altar, and holding a cornucopia : 
the skin of the lion hanging on the branch of a tree. 

12. 
HERC. ROM. CONDITORI. P. M. TR. P. XVII I. COS. VII. P. P. 
Hercules guiding two oxen, harnessed to a plough.* (Plate D), 

13. 
HERCVLL ROMANO. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. VIL P. P. 
Commodus, represented as Hercules leaning on his club. 

14. 
Same legend. Commodus, represented as Hercules: a lion walking 
before him. 

15. 
Same legend. Hercules, bearing the carcass of the Nemsean lion. 



Nos. 12 to 18 have the head of Commodus on the obverse, represented as 
that of Hercules, covered with the lion's skin. 



C -Q tfl f)\ C) £1 i) S ■ 



^yfw^v,JJ,//,MW/^ -^'/i.'/yds^. M/.:;-,, 



1 






COMMODUS. 313 

16. 
Same legend. Hercules, seated, fiill-faced. 

17. 

HERCVLI. ROMANO. A VG V. COS. VII. P. P. A dub, quiver, and 
bow ; the whole within a laurel garland. 

18. 
HERCVLI. ROMANO. AVGV. A bow, club, and quiver full of 
arrows. 

19. 

IMP. II. COS. II. P. P. Victory in a quadriga. 

20. 

Same l^end. A female figure standing under a tree, feeding a serpent 

held by Hygeia, standing on a table, on which is^laced a garland 

and a vase : below, a bird. 

21. 

IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. A woman seated on the ground; her left 

arm resting on a hamper : before, a female figure, and two oxen. 

22. 
I. O. M. The head of Jupiter, crowned with oak leaves. 

23. 
lOVI. IVVENI. P. M. TR, P. XIIII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. 
Commodus represented as Jupiter, standing, holding the hasta and 
a thunderbolt ; at his feet an eagle and an altar, with a bass relief, 
representing Jupiter launching a thunderbolt against a Titan. 

24. 
M. ANTONINVS. AVG. TR. POT. XXVI. Laureated head of 
Marcus Aurelius. The infant head of Commodus on the reverse. 

25. 
MART. PACIF. (or PACAT.) P. M. TR. P. XIIII. IMP. VIII. 
COS. V. Mars standing ; arms and armour at his feet 

26. 
MINER. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. P. P. 

Minerva- Victrix, standing; her hand on an olive tree: below, an 
owl on a column ; before, an altar. 

27. 
MINER. VICT. P. M. TR. P. XIIII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. 
Minerva- Victrix, standing near a trophy. 



314 COMMODUfi. 

28. 
MON. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XIII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. The 
three Monetae, standing, with their attributes. 

29. 
PIETAS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XVIII. IMP. VIII. COS. VII. P. P. 
A woman, seated, presenting her hand to a young female standing. 

30. 
P. M. TR. P. VL IMP. nil. COS. III. P. P. Victory, in a quadriga. 

31. 
P. M. TR. P. Villi, IMP. VI. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor standing, 
his right hand on a trophy, at the base of which are two captives. 

32. 

Same legend. Roma-Victriz, seated. 

33. 
P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. A male figure, without 
beard, holding a circular tablet, on which four female figures are 
represented : in his left hand, a ; before, a geni. 

34. 

Same legend. The emperor, standing : his right foot on a helmet, 

and the figure of Victory in his right hand; in his left, a spear. 

35. 
PIO. IMP. OMNIA. FELICIA. P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VIII. COS. 
VI. P. P. Neptune, standing; his right foot on the prow of a 
vessel : the emperor, full-faced, in the toga, sacrificing. 

36. 
P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. Jupiter, seated, with an 
eagle at his feet, between the Dioscuri standing with their horses. 

37. 
P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. nil. P. P. {or COS. IIII. P. P. 

V. C. p.). Victory, seated on arms, holding a palm-branch, and 
a buckler, on which is inscribed VICT. BRIT. : before, a trophy. 

38. 
P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. Hercules, standing, with 
his club and lion's skin, placing a garland on his head : on his right, 
a bow and quiver, suspended from a tree ; on his left, an altar, with 
the fire kindled. 



r 



COMMODUS. did 

39. 

P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. V. COS. V. P. P. A soldier marehing, with a 

spear and a trophy. 

40. 

P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. The emperor, in a 

quadriga. 

41. 
Same I^nd. Roma- Victrix, seated ; on the ground, a huckler. 

42. 
P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. The emperor, crowned 
hy Victory, sacrificing before Mars. 

43. 

Same legend. The emperor, seated: before, one of the Dioscuri 

standing near his horse. 

44. 

Same l^end. Head of Janus, one of the faces having the likeness of 

Commodus. 

45. 

Same legend. Head of Janus. 

46. 

Same legend. A female, seated beneath a tree : before, another female, 

standing near two oxen. 

47. 

P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. P. P. The emperor in a 

quadriga, crowned by Victory. (Plate E. No, I), 

48. 
Same I^end. A caduceus between two comucopise. 

49. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. P. P. Rome, seated, 
presenting a globe to the emperor standing before her, crowned by 
Victory : on the right of Rome, Felicity, standing. 

50. 
P. M. TR. P. XVII. IMP. VIII. COS. VII. P. P. The emperor sacri- 
ficing : before. Felicity, standing, and a figure holding /m ox. 

51. 
Same legend and same type. This medallion has on the obverse the 
heads of Commodus, and his concubine Marcia : the first laureated ; 
the other helmeted. 



316 COMMODUS. 

The bust of Marcia, which appears on the medallions of Commodus, is 

sometimes helmeted, and sometimes accompanied by the pelta,* the 

buckler of the Amazons. 

52. 

Same legend. A female seated, holding the hasta, and extending her 

hand towards an infant, who stands before her. 

This also has the heads of Commodus and Marcia on the obverse. 

53. 
Same legend. The emperor veiled, sacrificing at an altar : Hercules, 
standing, full faced. 
This also has the heads of Commodus and Marcia on the obverse. 

54. 
Same legend. The same type, with the laureated bust of Commodus on 
the obverse, having the lion's skin on his shoulders. 

55. 
Same legend. A soldier, standing before a statue of Victory [rfaced on 
a column. 

This medallion has, on the obverse, the heads of Commodus and 
Marcia, side by side : his, radiated ; Marcia's helmeted. 

56. 

M. COMMODVS. ANTONINVS. PI VS. FELIX. AVG. BRIT. 

Laureated bust of Commodus, with coat of mail. — Rev, P. M. TR* 

P. XVIIl. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. The emperor on horse-back, 

bearing a Roman eagle, preceded by a soldier, and followed by two 

others. 

57. 

PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. Villi. IMP. VII. COS. . . P. P. A naked 
male figure, helmeted; his right hand grasping a spear; his left, 
a club : the skin of a lion on his left arm. 

58. 

SALVS. P. M. TR, P. X. IMP. VI. COS. III. P. P. Salus seated, 
feeding a serpent : a statue of Bacchus, fidl faced, on a colunm 
between two vine branches. 



* The pelta was a small buckler in the shape of a half-moon. It was much 
used by the people of the East, as well as by the Macedonians and the early 
Spaniards. The bearers were called Peltatos. Servius describes the peha as 
" Scutis brevissimis in modum Lune jam medias.'* It is also mentioned by 
Nepos, who attributes its invention to Iphicrates. 



o^ *^/;^ 





COflftiODUS . 




C0MM0DU8. 317 

59. 

TELL VS. STABIL. P. M. TR. P. XIL IMP. VIIL COS. V. P. P. 
Tellufl, seated beneath a vine, which she encircles with her left arm, 
while her elbow rests upon the modius ; her right hand touching a 
globe with several stars, over which are passing four boys, with 
various attributes, representing the four Seasons. (Plate E, No. 2). 

The obverse of this very rare medallion has the dout)le head of Janus, 

each face bearing the likeness of Commodus. It is worthy of obser- 

^, ^ vatioB, that the first brass coin of Pompey the Great (see Plate , No, ) 

'^'. has the head of Janus, with the likenesses of that General. In this case 

^e flattery was appropriate; but the monster Commodus warred only 

with gladiators in the.arena, and brought peace to none. 

60. 
Same legend. Same type, but with the head of Commodus on the obverse. 

61. 
TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. The four Seasons. The obverse has the 
heads of Commodus and Marcia. 

62. 
Same legend and type, with the head of Commodus only on obverse. 

63. 
Same legend. A veiled female figure sitting opposite a vine, and hold- 
ing ears of com : three children ; two of them coming out of a vase 

or a hamper. 

64. 

TR. P. VIII. IMP The emperor sacrificing, in the presence of 

Rome and the goddess Fortune ; both seated : two other figures ; 
one of them playing on the double flute. 

65. 

TR. P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor on horseback, 

chasing a lion. 

66. 

TR. P. VIIL IMP. VI. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor in the toga, 

standing, before Jupiter seated, who presents him with a globe. 

67. 
TR. P. VIII. (or VIIIL) IMP. V. (or VI.) COS. IIII. P. P. The 
emperor, standing ; Victory advancing, and presenting a garland. 



318 COMMODUS. 

68. 
TR. POT. COS. Marcus AureliuB and Commodus, in a quadriga, pre- 
ceded by a soldier: Victoiy flying above. The obverse has the 
youthful bust of Commodus. 

69. 
VIRTVS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. Rome 
seated on arms : behind| Victory with a buckler ; before, a trophy. 

70. 
VIRTVTI. AVG. TR. P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. IIII. P. P. Rome 
seated on arms : before, a trophy. 

71. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. A temple with six columns ; an altar before it, and 
the emperor with several attendants preparing to sacrifice. 

72. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. IMP. II. COS. P. P. (or P. M. TR. P. VIII. IMP. 
VII. COS. IIII. P. P. or COS. P. P.). A similar type to the pie- 
ceding number. 

73. 

VOTA. PVBLICA. P. M. TR. P. Villi. IMP. VII. COS. IV. P. P. 
The emperor before a temple, with several assistants, about to sacri- 
fice ; one of the figures playing on the double flute. 

74. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. FELICIA. P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VH. (or 
VIII.) COS. VI. p. p. Neptune standing near the emperor, who 
is sacrificing on an altar. 

75. 
VOTIS. FELICIBVS. Two figures standing on the sea-shore, near a 
tower or light-house, at the base of which lies the carcass of a bull : 
two vei^sels with their sails spread, and two galleys filled with rowers. 

76. 
Without legend. The Sun in a quadriga, preceded by phosphorus ; 

below, the Earth, seated. 

77. 

Without legend. A combat between a horse and a lion, in front of an 

edifice : the whole within a garland. 

Of the foregoing. No. 24 is by far the rarest ; Nos. 4, 12, 23, 36, 51, 
52, 53, 55, and 60, are much rarer than the other numbers; Nos. 27, 
48, 59, 65, and 76, are the least rare. 



COMMODUS. 319 

[COMMODUS AND CRISPIN A]. 

IMP. COMMODVS. AVG. GERM. SARM. CRISPINA. AVG. The 
heads of Commodus and Crispina, face to face. — Rev, VOTA. 
PVBLICA. Coifimodus and Crispina joining hands; Concord 
standing between them. 

This extremely rare medallion is valued by Mionnet at 300 francs, 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ANNIVS. VERVS. CAES. ANTONINI. AVG. FIL. Bare infant 
head of Annius Verus, with the paludamentum. 

2. 
APOL. MONETAE. P. M. TR. P. XV. (or XVI.) IMP. VIII. COS. 
VI. Apollo standing near a column. 

3. 
APOL. PAL. {or PALAT.) IMP. VIII. TR. POT. XIII. COS. V. 
Apollo in a female habit, holding a lyre, which he rests on a column. 

4. 
AVCTOR. PIETAT, P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIIL COS. V. P. P. 
A female figure, sacrificing at an altar. 

5. 
COL. L. AN. COM. P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VIII. COS. VL A 
priest, guiding two oxen. 

6. 
CONCOR. COMMODI. P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. VI. A female figure 
standing, holding the hasta and a patera. 

7. 
DE. GERM. TR. P. 11. COS. Two captives, at the base of a trophy. 

8. 
DE. GERMANIS. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A pile of arms and armour. 

9. 
DE. SARM. TR. P. II. COS. Two captives, at the foot of a trophy. 

10. 
DE. SARMATIS. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A pile of arms and armour. 



320 COMMODUS. 

11. 

DINA. DINA. PIA. (gic) AVGVSTA. A female figure seated, hold- 
ing a globe. 

12. 

FAVSTINA. AVG. PIT. PEL. AVG. Head of the yonnger Faustiiia. 

13. 
PELICIA. TEMPORA. Four infants, representing the Seasons. 

14. 
FID. EXERCIT. P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. The 
emperor addressing his soldiers. 

15. 
FORTVNAE. MANENTI. COS. V. P. P. A female figure seated, 
holding a horse by the bridle. 

16. 
GEN. AVG. FELIC. P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VIII. VI. A youthfiil 
figure, sacrificing at an altar. 

17. 
HERCVLI. COMMODIANO. P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. VII. Her- 
cules, sacrificing at an altar under a tree. 

18. 
HERCVLI. ROMAt^O. AVGV. A quiver, bow, and club. 

19. 

HERCVLI. ROMANO. AVGVSTO. A club: the whole within a 

garland. 

20. 

HERC. ROM. CONDITORI. P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS, VIL P. P. 

Hercules. 

21. 

ITALIA. P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. Italy, seated 

on a globe. 

22. 

IVNONI. SISPITAE. TR. P. II. IMP. II. COS. P. P. Juno-Sospita 
casting a javelin : before, a serpent 

23. 

10 VI. CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, standing : at his feet, a small 
figure in the toga, holding a Victory. 



COMMODUS. 321 

24. 
lOVI. DEFENS. SALVTIS. AVG. COS. III. P. P. Jupiter, holding 
the hasta-pura, and casting a thunderbolt 

25. 
lOVI. EXSVPER. P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. 

Jupiter, seated. 

26. 

lOVI. OPTIMO. MAXIMO. SPONS. SECVRIT. AVG. (or I. O. M. 

SPONSOR. SEC. AVG. COS. VI. P. P.) Jupiter and the 

emperor, standing. 

27. 
IVPPITER. (tic) CONSERVATOR. TR. P. VI. (or VII.) IMP. IIII. 

COS. III. P. P. A similar type. 

28. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. (or LIBERALITAS. AVG. TR. P. II. COS.) 
The emperor, seated on an estrade, attended by two figures: 
anoth^ figure mounting the estrade. 

There are several varieties of this type ; all of which are rare. 

29. 
Same legend. Two figures seated on an estrade, between two others, 
standing : a third figure mounting the estrade. 

30. 

MART. PACAT. P. M. TR, P. XIIII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. 

Mars, standing. 

31. 

MATRI. DEVM. CONSERV. AVG. COS. VI. P. P. Cybele, seated 

on a lion. 

32. 

MAVRITANIA. A figure holding a horse. 

33. 
MON. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XII. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. The 
three Monetae, standing. 

34. 
PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instruments. 

35. 
PIETATI. SENATVS. COS. V. P. P. Two figures in the toga, 
joining hands. 

VOL. I T 



322 COMMODUS. 

36. 
P. M. TR. p. COS. II. p. p. A helmet and a paludamentum on the 
trunk of a tree ; a buckler on the ground. 

37. 
P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. A statue of Jantia, 
standing, within a temple. 

38. 
Same legend. The emperor seated, with a globe in his right hand, 

crowned by Victory. 

39. 

P. M. TR. P. XI. (or XX.) IMP. VII. (or VIII.) COS. V. P. P. The 

emperor, in a quadriga. 

40. 

P. M. TR. P. XVII. IMP. VIII. COS. VII. P. P. The emperor 

standing, in the toga, crowned by Victory : before, Serapis and laia, 

standing ; in the middle, an altar. 

41. 
Same legend. The emperor, standing, extending his arms towards a 
statue of Victory, placed on a column above a globe. 

42. 
PRINC. IVVENT. The emperor, standing near a trophy. 

43. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. . . IMP. III. COS. II. P. P. The emperor on 
horseback, accompanied by four foot-soldiers. 

44. 

PROVID. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XI. IMP. VIII. COS. V. P. P. A 

galley, with the sail spread. 

45. 

PROVIDENTIAE. AVG. Hercules and Africa, joining hands: a 

lion. 

46. 

SERAPIDI. CONSERV. COS. VI. P. P. Serapis standing. 

47. 
S. P. Q. R. LAETITIA. C. V. within a laurel gariand. 

48. 
TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. TR. P. Villi. IMP. . . . The four 
Seasons. 



COMMODUS. 



TR. POT. COS. Theei 
TR, P. II. COS. A KM 



TR. P. VIII. IMP. VI. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor, in a qnadriga. 
Thii cmn ie of a larger liie than ordinaTy. 



VICTORIAE. FELICI. Victory, matching; atberfeel, two bucklers, 
on which are the lettm S. C. : on a tablet, COS. V. P. P. 



VIRTVTI AVOVSTI. TK, P. VII. IMP. IIH. COS. III. P. P. 
emperor od horseback, itriking a lion with hi* ipear. 



VOTA. PVBLICA. IMP. 11. COS. P. P. The emperor, in the toga, 
■tending before a tripod, and an aniitant about to ilaughter a bull. 



VOTA. SOLV. PRO. SAL. P. R. COS. VI. P. P. ■; 

standing befi»e an altar, hie attendanti preparing to aaerifiee a fanll, 
and a man playing on the double flute. 
56. 
Same l^end. A rimilar ^rpe, with five figurea. 

Of the fon^<Hng, No. 1 ia by far the rareet No. 12 ti an extremely 
rare^pe. Not. 5, 11,13,40, 4S,aikd 56 an very rare; and Not. 2, 15, 
17, 20, 34, 26, 31, 32, 38, 43, 44, and 54, are much nrer than the 
other numben. 



324 COMMODUS. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

COL. L. AN. COM. P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. A 

man, guiding two oxen. 

2. 

COS. VII. p. p. Four figures, near an altar. 

3. 
EQVESTER. ORDO. PRINCIPI. IVVENT. S. C. with a garland. 

4. 
Same legend, on a circular buckler. 

5. 
FELICITATI. CAES. A galley, filled with rowers. 

6. 

HERC. ROM. CONDITORI. COS. VII. P. P. Hercules, guiding 

two oxen. 

7. 

HERCVL. ROMAN. AVGV. A dub, within a garland. 

8, 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. The emperor, seated on an estrade, distri- 
buting gifls. 

9. 

MARTI. VLTORI. AVG. COS. VI. P. P. Mars, standing. 

10. 
MAGNIFICENTIAE. AVG. COS. VII. P. P. within a garland. 

11. 
P. D. S, P. Q. R. LAETITIAE. C. V. within a garhmd. 

12. 
P. M. TR. P. XI, IMP. VII. COS. V. P. P. Statue of Janus standing, 
within a temple. 

13. 
PONTIF. The tecespita, apex, simpulum, and skull of an ox. 

14. 
PRIMI. DECENN. P. M. TR. P. X. IMP. VII. COS. IIII. P. P. 
S. C. within a garland. 



COMMODUS. — CRISPINA. 325 

15. 
SAECVLO. FRVGIFERO. COS. III. A bearded figure, seated, with 
a sphinx on each side. 

This coin is in antique lead» The type is remarkable, and is found 

on the gold coins of Clodius Albinus. 

16. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. DECENN. Eight figures, sacrificing, before a 

temple. 

VOT. XX. P. M. TR. P. XV. IMP. VIII. COS. VI. S. C. within a 
garland. 
Nos. 15 and 16 are very rare. Nos. 2, 6, 13, and 17 are rarer than 
the remaining numbers. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
HILARITAS. A female standing, holding a pakn-branch. 

2. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. A female, standing. 

3. 
PIETAS. AVG. Pontifical instruments, 

4. 
PRINC. IVVENT. The emperor, standing near a trophy. 

5. 
TR. POT. COS. Victory, marching. 

6. 
TR. POT. II. COS, Hygeia, standing with a patera, feeding a serpent 

on an altar. 

7, 

TR. P. Villi. IMP. VI. COS. nil. P. P. Minerva, in a defensive 

posture. 

Nos, 3, 5, and 7 are the rarest 

CRISPINA. 

[Bruttia Crispina, daughter of Bruttius Praesens, and wife of Commodus, 
was married to the emperor in the year of Rome 930 (A. D, 177). 
Her gross irregularities disgusted even Commodus, who banished 
her to Capreae, where she was shortly after put to death, in 936 
(A. D. 183)1. 



326 CRISPINA. 

Style: CRISPIN A, AVG. (or AVGVSTA.) CRISPIN A. 

AVG. COMMODI. AVG. (T)y impUcatioii, uxor). -CRISPINA. 

AVG. IMP. COMMODI. AVG. 

Gold R6 

„ quinarii ----------------R7 

Sflver C 

Brass medaUions ---------------R6 

First and aeccmd brass --------------C 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
CERES. Ceres, seated on the cista. ---..-..- AU 

2. 
DIS. CONIVGALIBVS. An altar, with the fire kindled. - - AU 

Brought, In fine preservation, 16/. at the Trattle sale. 

3. 
DIS. GENITALIBVS. A similar type. AR 

4. 
PVDICITIA. A female figure standing, holdmg her veil. - - AU 

5. 
VENVS. Venus, standing. AU 

6. 
Same legend. Same type. (A qumarnu), ....... AU 

7. 
VENVS. FELIX. Venus- Victrix, seated. AU&AR 

The gold brought 9L 10«. at the Trattle sale. 

8. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus- Victnx leaning on a column. - - AU 

Brought 92. 10«. at the Trattle sale. At the Dimsdale sale, the same 
coin brought, 9/. 15«. 

In gold, No. 2 is much the rarest In silver, No. 3. is the rarest. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

CRISPINA. AVGVSTA. Head of Crispina.— iZeo. Without legend* 
Diana, standing, holding a bow and an arrow. 




CRISPI N A — PE RTI N AX. 327 

[COMMODUS AND CRISPINA.] 

1. 
CRISPINA, AVG, IMP. COMMODVS. AVG. GERM. SARM. 
The heads of Commodus and Crispina, fiace to hce,—Rev, CON- 
CORDIA. Concord seated, with a patera in her right hand, and 
her left arm resting on a figure, standing on a cippus ; a cornucopia 

on the ground. 

2. 

VOTA. P VBLICA, The emperor and empress, joining hands ; Concord, 
standing between them. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
IVNONI. REGINAE. Juno standing, holding the hasta and a patera; 
at her feet, a peacock. 

2. 
PYDICrriA, A female figure, seated. 

3. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Roma-Victriz, seated. 

This last type is veiy rare. Other brass of Crispina, not here described, 
are very common. 

PERTINAX. 

[Publius Helvius Pertinax, the son of Helvius Successus, a freed man, 
was bom at Alba, or, according to some authors, at Villa Martis, in 
Liguria, in the year of Rome 879 (A. D. 126). He was praefect of , 
Rome under Commodus, and upon the death of that emperor, was 
raised to the empire by the Praetorian soldiers ; by whom he was 
assassinated, after a short reign of eighty-seven days, 945 (A. D. 192). 

Style : IMP. CAES. P. HELV. PERT, (or PERTIN. or PERTI- 
NAX.) AVG. DIVVS. PERT. PIVS. PATER. 

Gold R6 

Sflver RC 

First brass R6 

Second brass --------------- --R5 

GOLD AND SILVER. 
1. 

AEQVIT. AVG. TR. P. COS. II. Equity, standing. - - AU & AR 



328 PERTINAX. 

2. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle with ez|Minded wings, standing on a 
globe. AU&AR 

3. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pile. - - - - AU 

4. 
DIS. CVSTODIBVS. Fortune, standing. AR 

5. 
lANO. CONSERVAT. Janus, standing. AR 

6. 
LAETITIA.TEMPOR.COS.il. A female figure, standing. AU&AR 

7. 
LIBERATIS. CIVIBVS. A female figure, standing. - - - - AR 

8. 
MENTI. LAVDANDAE. A female figure, standing. - - - - AR 

9. 
OPI. DIVIN. TR. P. COS. II. A female figure, seated, holding ears 
of com. AU&AR 

10. 
PROVID. DEOR. COS. II. A female figure, standing. - AU & AR 

11. 
PROVIDENTIA. DEORVM. COS. II. A female figure, standing : 
in the field, two stars. --------.- AU & AR 

12. 
SAECVLO. FRVGIFERO. A caduceus, between two ears of com. AR 

13. 
VOT. DECEN. TR. P. COS. II. A figure, sacrificing. - AU&AR 

The coin with the 'Hber personified, legend " TIBERIS,*' &c, is a 
modem fabrication. At the sale of the Tratde collection, the gold coins 
of this -emperor brought the following prices : — No. 1, 10/. 10«. and IIL 
5g. No. 10, of which there were nine specimens, brought from 4/. 16f. 
to 13/. 5«., according to their state of preservation. No. 6, finely 
preserved, 10/. 10«.; and No. 13, fine, 10/. 10«. The type of the 
Consecration is by far the rarest in gold. In silver. No. 8 is the rarest; 
and Nob. 2, 7, and 12, are much rarer than the others. 



PERTINAX. 329 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
AEQVIT. AVG. TR. P. COS. II. Equity, standing. 

2. 
CONSECRATIO. A funeral pile (or an eagle on a globe). 

3. 
DIS. CVSTODIBVS. A female figure standing, holding a rudder 
resting on a globe. 

4. 
DIS. GENITORIBY S. Cybele, standing before a tripod : on the other 
side a small figure, naked, seated on a globe. 

5. 
LAETITIA. TEMPORVM. COS. II. A female figure, standing. 

6. 
LIB. AVG. TR. P. COS. II. The emperor seated on an estrade, 
between two figures, standing ; a third figure ascending the estrade. 

7. 
Same legend. A female, standing. 

8. 
OPI. DIVIN. TR. P. COS. II. Ops seated, holding ears of com. 

9. 
PROVIDEN. (or PROVIDENTIA. or PROVIDENTIAE.) DE- 
ORVM. COS. II. A female figure, standing ; in the field, a star. 

10. 
VOT. DECEN. TR. P. COS. II. The emperor, sacrificing. 

Nos. 2 and 6 are much the rarest The next in rarity are Nos. 3, 4, 
7, and 9. Those of the Trattle collection, brought from 6^ to 14/. 
according to preservation. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 
AEQVIT. AVG. COS. II. Equity, standing. 

2. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle on a globe. 

3. 
LAETITIA. TEMPORVM. COS. II. A female figure, standing. 

4. 
LIB. AVG. TR. P. COS. II. A female figure, seated or standing. 



330 PERTINAX — DIDIUS JULIANUS. 

5. 

OPI. DIVIN. TR. P. COS. II. A female figure seated, holding 

ears of com. 

6. 

PROVIDENTIAE. DEORVM. COS. II. A female figure, standing : 

in the field, a star. 

7. 

VOT. DECEN. TR. P. COS. II. The emperor, sacrificing. 

No. 2 is much the rarest ; and No. 4 is much rarer than the remaining 
numbers, 

TITIANA. 

There are only Greek coins of the wife of Pertinax. 

DIDIUS JULIANUS. 

[Marcus Didius Severus Julianus, the son of P. D. Severus and Clara 
Aemilia, was born at Milan, in the year of Rome 886 (A. D. 133). 
Upon the death of Pertinax, the empire was offered for sale, when it 
was purchased by Julianus, who was proclaimed emperor in the year 
946 (A. D. 193) ; but upon the news of the approach of Severus, with 
the legions of Parmonia, Julian was put to death, by order of the 
senate, after a reign of a few weeks]. 

Style : IMP. CAES. M. DID. IVLIAN. AVG. IMP. CAES. 

M. DID. SEV. (or SEVER.) IVLIAN. AVG. [On reverse of 

each, often, rector, orbis.] 

Gold ---R6 

Silver -----------. Rg 

First brass ------------.-. ..R2 

Second brass ----------------Rg 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES, 

1. 
CONCORD. MILIT. A woman standing, holding two military 
ensigns. ------------.... /^\j 

2. 
CONCORDIA. MILITVM. A simihir type. - - - AU & AR 

3. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. Fortune standing. AU & AR 




DID1U8 JULIANU8 — MANLIA SCANTILLA. 331 

4. 
RECTOR. ORBIS. The emperor standing, in the toga, holding a 
glohe. AU&AR 

The coin with two hands joined; legend, FIDES. EXERCIT., is 
suspected. 

The above types are equally rare. No. 3, in gold, very fine, was pur- 
chased by the Due de Blacas, at the sale of the Trattle collection, for 
25L 10«. No. 4, in silver, brought 3/. ISs. 6d, 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

CONCORD. MILIT. A woman standing, holding an ensign in each 

hand. 

2. 

IVNO. REGINA. Juno standing; a peacock at her feet 

3. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. Fortune standing. 

4. 
RECTOR. ORBIS. The emperor standing, in the toga, holding a globe. 

No. 2 is the rarest type. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORD. MILIT. A similar type to No. 1 in first brass. 

2. 
P. M. TR P. COS. Fortune standing. 

These types are equaUy rare. 



MANLIA SCANTILLA. 

[Manlia Scantilla, the wife of the emperor Julianus, retired to private 
life, after the death of her husband. The time of her death is not 
recorded]. 

Style: MANL. (or MANLIA.) SCANTILLA. AVG. 



332 MANLIA SCANTILLA — PESCENNIUS NIGER* 

Gold R8 

Silver -R6 

First brass -----------------R4 

Second brass -----------------R6 

The siiyer and brass coins have on the reverse — Juno standing, with a 
peacock at her feet A well-preserved silver coin brought 8iL 18«. 6dL at 
the sale of the Trattle cabinet ; and a fine one, in first brass, 3^ 6s, 



DIDIA CLARA. 

[Didia Clara, daughter of Didius Julianus and Scantilla, was bora about 
the year of Rome 906 (A. D. 153). She married Cora. Repentinus, 
during the reign of her father]. 

Gold R8 

saver R6 

First brass - -----. --R4 

The silver and brass have on reverse — a female, standing, holding a 
palm branch; legend, HILAR. TEMPOR A very fine coin, in first 
brass, brought 2/. 12«. 6d, at the Trattle sale. 



PESCENNIUS NIGER- 

[Caius Pescennius Niger, the son of Annius Fuscus and Lampridia, was 
goveraor of Syria, and general of the legions of Asia during the reigns 
of Commodus and Pertinax. Upon the death of Pertinax, the troops 
of Niger proclaimed him emperor at Antioch, in the year of Rome 
946 (A. D. 193). He was defeated in several battles with Severus, 
and finally put to death by the followers of his successfiil rival, after 
a reign of about twelve months]. 

Style: IMP. CAES. PESC. NIGER IVS. IMP. CAES. C. 

PESC. NIGER. IVST. IMP. CAES. C. PESC. NIGER AVG. 

IMP. CAES. C. PESC. (or PESCEN.) NIG. (or NIGER) 

IVS. (or IVST. or IVSTVS.) A. {or AV. or AVG.) [On an 
unique coin, p. f.]. 

Gold (if genuine) -------------- umqne 

Silver R6 

Brass (Greek only) R8 



r 



FESCXNMIUS NIGER. 333 

The gold and silver coins of Niger, although bearing Latin legends, 
were not struck at Rome, but, in all probability, at Antioch. His brass 
coins have Greek legends ; and although there are many types, are all 
very rare. The unique gold coin, described below, was formerly in 
the cabinet of the French king. It has been considered dubious by 
most medallists, on .account of the title "Pater Patriae," which it bears 
on the reverse ; and which Niger could not have received from the senate 
of Rome. This coin unfortunately formed part of the recent plunder of 
the French cabinet, and has, in all probability, been consigned to the 
crucible. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AETERNITAS. AVG. A crescent and seven stars. - - - - AR 

2. 

APOLLINI. SANCTO. Apollo, leaning on a column. - - - AR 

3. 

BONAE. SPEI. Hope. * AR 

4. 
BONLEVENTVS. A youthful figure, standmg. AR 

5. 
CERERL FRVGIFERAE. Ceres, standing. AR 

6. 
CONCORDIA. P. P. Concord, standing. AU 

7. 
FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. A hamper full of fruit - - - AR 

8. 
FIDEL EXER. Three ensigns; a buckler attached to the middle 
one, inscribed VIC. AVGG. (Mionnet.) ------ AR 

9. 

FORTVNAE. REDVCI. Fortune, standing. AR 

10. 

Same legend. Fortune, seated. (KheU), ------- AR 

11. 

FR.FR.f«c^ FRVG. A female, standing. (VmOant). - - AR 

12. 
INVICTO. IMP. TR. (or TROPAE.). Atrophy. - - - - AR 
This type, fine, brought 5/. Is. 6rf. at the sale of the Dimsdale col- 
lection, in 1824. 



334 PESCENNIUS NIGER. 

13. 

lOVL PRAE. ORBIS. Jupiter, seated. AR 

14. 

IVSTITIA. AVGVSTI. Equity, standing. AR 

15. 
MARTI. AVGVSTO. Mars, marching. (KheU), - - - - AR 

16. 
MARTI. VICTORI. A simflar type. AR 

17. 
Same legend. Mars- Victor, standing; a buckler at bis feet. - - AR 

18. 
MINER. VIC. (or VICTRIS.). Minerva, standing. - - - - AR 

19. 

MONET, (or MONETA. or MONETE. nc) A VG. Moneta, standing. 

AR 
20. 

PIETATI. AVG. The emperor, sacrificing. -----'- AR 

21. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rome, seated. AR 

22. 
SALVTI. AVG. A female, standing. AR 

23. 
Same legend. A female, sacrificmg. ----•.-.. AR 

24. 

SALVTI. AVGVSTI. A female figure, standing before an altar, and a 
serpent ----------.------« AR 

25. 
VICTORIA, (or VICTORIAE.) Victory, inscribing AVG. on a 
buckler, placed on a column. ---------_ aR 

26. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory, standing. AR 

27. 
VICTORIAE. AVG. Victory, marching. AR 

28. 
VICTOR. I VST. AVG. A similar type. AR 

29. 
VIRTVTI. AVG. Mars, standing. - - AR 

In silver, Nos. 28 and 29 are much rarer than the others. Nos. 3, 4, 
5, 12, 16, 17, and 19, are the least rare. 



CLODIUS ALBINUS. 335 



CLODIUS ALBINUS. 

[Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus, the son of Cejonius Postmnus and 
Aurelia Messalina, wsb born at Hadrumetum, in Africa. He was 
governor of Britain in the reigns of Commodus and Pertinax, and in the 
year of Rome 946 (A. D. 193) was proclaimed emperor by the legions 
under his command. Severus at this time having to contend against 
Niger, accorded to Albinus the title of Caesar ; but the latter finding 
himself in danger of assassination, resolved to make an effort to obtain 
the empire ; and passing into Gaul, encountered Severus in the following 
year, near Lyons, when after an obstinate and sanguinary conflict, the 
troops of Severus were victorious, and Albinus perished in the field, 
in the year of Rome 950 (A. D. 197)]. 

Style : D. CLOD, (or CLODIVS.) ALBIN. (or ALBINVS.) 

CAES. D. CL. (or CLOD, or CLODIVS.) SEPT. (or SEPTI- 

MIVS.) ALBIN. (or ALBINVS.) CAES. [On reverse of some 

coins, p. p.] IMP. D. CLOD. SEPT. ALBIN. AVG. IMP. 

CAES. CL. SEPT. ALBIN. AVG. [On reverse, p. p.] IMP. 

CAES. D. CL. (or CLO.) ALBIN. AVG. IMP. CAE. (or 

CAES.) D. CLO. SEP. ALB. AVG. 

It is supposed that the coins of Albinus, which bear the title of 
" Caesar," were struck at Rome, Severus having consented to his 
assuming that title ; and that those which have the styles " Imperator" 
and *' Augustus " were struck in Gaul, after the entry of Albinus into 
that country. Mionnet quotes a coin in the Imperial cabinet at Vienna, 
which has on the reverse the tide Pater Patriae ; the head side bearing 
the title of Csesar; and Vaillant has described another, with the letters 
" P. P." halving the title of Augustus on the obverse : (see below). 
Mionnet supposes, from this, that Albinus had a council, or senate, in 
Gaul, who conferred upon him this honourable title. However, its 
assumption by Albinus without such license must not be wondered at in 
an age when emperors aspired even to divine origin. 

Gold R8 

Silver (with the title of Caesar only) ---------R2 

'* with those of Imperator and Augustus -.-...-R4 
Brass medallions ---------------R8 

First and second brass -----'--------R2 



836 CLODIUS ALBINUS. 



GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

APOLLINI. AV6. COS. II. Apollo, in a female habit, standing. 

AU&AR 
2. 

CLEMENTIA. AVG. COS. II. A female figure, standing. - - AR 

3. 
COS. II. ^sculapius, standing. .......... AR 

4. 
FELICITAS. COS. II. A female figure, standing. - - - - AR 

5. 

FIDES. LEGION. COS. II. A Roman eagle, between two standards. 

AR 
6. 

Same legend. Two hands joined, holding an ensign. .... AR 

7. 
FORTITVDO. AVG. INVICTA. Hereultt, standing. - - - AR 

8. 
FORTVNA.AVG.COS.il Fortune, standing. AR» 

9. 
FORT. REDVCL COS. IL Fortune, seated. - - - - AU & AR* 

10. 
GEN. LVG. COS. II. The Genius, standing, with an eagle at his 

feet AR 

11. 
lOVI. VICTORI. Jupitei^Nicephore, seated. AR 

12. 
10 VIS. VICTORIAE. COS. II. Jupiter-Nicephore, standing; an 
eagle at his feet ..--.-------.. AR 

13. 
MINER. PACIF. COS. II. {or MINER. PAC. COS. II.) Minenra, 
standing, .--------------. AR* 



* Those marked with a (*) have sometimes the titles of Caesar, and sometimes 
those of Imperator and Augustus. 



r 



CLODtUS ALBINUS. 337 

14. 
MONET.AVG.COS.il Moneta, standing. AR 

15. 
PAX. AVG. COS. IL Peace, standing. AR 

16. 
PRO VID. AVG. COS. Providence, standing. - - - - AU & AR 

17. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Roma-Victrix, seated. AR 

18. 
SAECVLI. PEL. COS. II. A female figure, standing. - - - AR 

19. 
SAECVLI.FRVGIF.COS.il a genius, standing. - - - •AR 

20. 
SAECVLIO. FRVGIFERO. COS. II. A bearded figure, in a long robe 
and with a tiara, seated; his bands raised; a sphinx on each 
ride. -----------.----- AU 

21. 
SALVTLAVG.COS.il Hygeia, standing. •AR 

22. 
Same legend. Hygeia, seated. ------.-... AR 

23. 
SPES.AVG.COS.il Hope. 'AR 

24. 
SPE.COS.il Hope. ' - AR 

25. 
S. P. Q. R. P. P. OB. C. S. within a garland— with title of Caesar on 
obverse. (Cabinet of Vienna), -- ------- AR 

26. 
Another, with title of Agustus on obverse. (VaiUant.) - - - AR 

27. 
VICT.AVG.COS.il Victory, marching. 'AR 

28. 
Same legend. Victory, standing, writing on a buckler : her left foot on 
a globe. ----------------- AR 

29. 
VIRTVTL AVG. COS. IL An armed figure, holding the hasta and 
the parazonium. -------------- •AR 

VOL. I. Z 



338 CLOD1US ALBINUS. 

In gold, No. 20 is much the rarest. No. 9 was purchased at the sale 
of the Trattle cabinet, by the Due de Blacas, for 70^ In silver, Nos. 7, 
10, 15, are much the rarest. Nos. 1, 2, and 14, are much rarer than the 
other numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

SAECVLO. FRVGIFERO. COS. II. A similar type to that in gold. 

No. 20. 

2. 

FORTVNAE. REDVCI. Fortune, seated. 

3. 

Same legend. A similar type. 

No. 1 is much the rarest; and No. 3 is the lea^t rare. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. Concord, seated. 

2. 
COS. II. ^sculapius, standing. 

3. 
FELICITAS. COS. II. Felicity, standing. 

4. 
FORT. REDVCI. COS. II. Fortune, seated. 

5. 
MINEH. PACIF. COS. II. Minerva, standing. 

6. 
PROVID. AVG. COS. Providence, standing. 

7. 

SAECVLO. FRVGIFERO. A half-naked male figure, with radiated 

head, holding ears of com and a caduceus in his right hand; a 

trident in his left. 

Vaillant calls this trident a rake, which it probably is. It resembles 

in shape an eel-spear. 

8. 

Same legend. A woman wearing the stola, standing, holding a caduceus 

and a cornucopia; her right foot on the prow of a vessel. 

Of the above. No. 8 is much the rarest; Nos. 4 and 5 are rarer than 
the other numbers. — The coin bearing a figure with a radiated head, 
legend, SAECVLO. FECVNDO., is of dubious faith. 



r 



CLODIUS ALBINUS — SEPTIMIUS SEVEUUS, 339 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
COS. II. ^sculapius, standing. 

2. 
FELICITAS. II. Felicity, standing, holding a caduceus. 

3. 
FORT. REDVCI. COS. II. Fortune, seated. 

4. 
SAECVLO. FRVOIFERO. COS. II. A genius, with radiated head, as 
in the lai^e hrass. 

Nob. 3 and 4 are the rarest. 



SEPTIMITJS SEVERUS. 

[Lucius Septimius Severus, the son of Marcus Septimius Geta and Fulvia 
Pia, was horn at Leptis, in Africa, in the year of Rome 899 (A. D- 
146). He was governor of Illyria and Pannonia in the reigns of 
Commodus and Pertinax; and, after the death of the latter, the legions 
under his command proclaimed him emperor, when he marched for 
Rome, and his title wtu confirmed by the senate. 946 (A. D. 193). 
He then took the surname of Pertinax. Having subdued his rivals, 
Niger and Albinus, he became sole master of the empire in 950 (A. D. 
197). He died at York (Eboracum), in 964 (A. D. 211)]. 

Style, with his son Caracalla : IMPP. INVICTI. PH. AVG. 

Sbvbrus alone is sttled; IMP. L. SEP. SEVER. IMP. 

C. SE. (or SEP.) SEVERVS. IMP. C AES. L. SEVERVS- 

IMP. C. (or CAES.) SEP. (or SEPT.) SEVERVS. 

SEPT. SEVERVS. AVG. L. SEPTIMIVS. SEV. (or 

SEVERVS.) PERT, (or PERTINAX.) AVG. IMP. L. 

SEP. (or SEPT.) SEVERVS. AVG. IMP. L. SEPT. SEV. 

PERT. AVG. IMP. C. SE. (or SEPT.) SEVERVS. AVG. 

IMP. C. L. SE. SEVERVS. AVG. IMP. CA'. SEP. SE- 
VERVS. PE. AVG. IMP. CAE. L. SEV. PERT. AVG. 

IMP. CAE. (or CAES.) L. SEP. (or SEPT.) SEV. (or SEVERVS.) 
PER. (or PERT.) AVG. [On reverse, often, imp. or optimvs. 

pRiNCBPs.] L. SEVER. AVG. IMP. L. SEPT. SEVER. 

(or SEVERVS.) AVG. IMP. L. SEP. (or SEPT. or SEPTI- 

z 2 



340 SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

MIVS.) SEV. (or SEVER, or SEVERVS.) PER. {or PERT, or 
PERTINAX.) AUG. IMP. [On reveree, often, f. p. divi. m. pii. 

F. F. F. or ARAB. ADIAB. Or ARAB. ADIAB. (or ADIABENICUB.) P. F, 
or PAR. AR. AD. P. P. or PART. ARAB. PART. ADIAB. Or FART. ARAB. Or 

PART. ADIAB. P. P.] IMP. L. SEPT. SEV. PERT. AVG. IMP. 

IMP. CAE. L. SEV. PERT. AVG. IMP. IMP. CAES. L. 

SEPT. SEV. PERT. AVG. IMP. IMP. CAE. L. SEPT. SEV. 

PERT. AVG. IMP. IMP. CAE. L. SEPTI. SEVERVS. P. P. 

AVG. SEPT. SEV. PERT. AVG. IMP. P. P SEVERVS. 

AVG. PART. MAX. [On reverse, often, p. p. or fvndator. pacis. 

or RE8T1TVT0R. VRBI8.] L. SEPT. SEV. AVG. IMP. PART. 

MAX. [On reverse, often, p. p.] L. SEV. SEPT. AVG. IMP. 

PART. MAX. IMP. C. L. SE. SEVERVS. PI VS. SEVE- 
RVS. P. (or PIVS.) AVG. [On reverse, often, p. p. or part. 

MAX. or FART. MAX. P. P. Or FVNDATOE. PACIS. Or PACATOR. ORBI8. OT 
RECTOR. ORBIS. Or RBSTITVTOR. VRBI8.] L. SEPT. (oT SEPTI- 

MIVS.) SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. [On reverse, often, p. p.] 

SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. P. P. SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. 

BRIT. [On reverse, often, p. p.] L. SEPT. SEVERV. 

PIVS. AVG. BRIT. [On reverse, often, p. p.] DIVVS. SEr 

VERVS. DIVVS. SEVERVS. PATER. DIVVS. SEVE- 
RVS. PIVS. DIVVS. SEPTIMIVS. SEVERVS. PIVS. 

Gold R2 

„ quinarii --R4 

Silver medallions ---------------8,4 

„ of the usual size ------------- VC 

„ quinarii -R2 

Brass medallions ---------------R4 

First brass --------------.-. c 

Second brass ------ -.-.--g 

Third brass R2 

SILVER MEDALLIONS. 
1. 

AVGVSTOR VM. (m two lines). A Roman eagle between two ensigns. 

2. 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victory, marching with garland and palm 
branch. 
No. 2 is much the rarest 



« 



r 



SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 341 



GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH BARE 

REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENT. AVGG. Three horsemen. AU 

2. 
Same legend. The emperor on horseback, preceded by a foot soldier. 

AR 
3. 

ADVENTVL AVG. FELICISSIMO. A similar type. - - - AU 

4. 
Same legend. The emperor on horseback. ..-.--- AR 

5. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor on horseback. AR 

6. 

Same legend. The emperor on horseback, preceded by a foot soldier. 

AR 

7. 

Same legend. The three emperors on horseback. - - - AU & AR 

8. 
AEQVITAS Equity, standing. AR 

9. 
AEQVITAS. AVGG. The emperor seated, and Equity standing. AR 

10. 
AEQVITATL AVGG. Equity, standing. AU & AR 

11. 

AETERNIT. IMPERI. Laureated heads of Septimius Severus and 
Caracalla, face to face. ------------ AR 

12. 
Same legend. Heads of Caracalla and Geta, face to fiu^e: the one, 
laureated; the other bare. ----.-... AU & AR 

13. 
Same legend. The same heads. (A qumariut), - - . - . AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 



842 SEPTIMIUS SEVER us. 

14. 
AFRICA. Africa, standing; a lion at her feet AR 

15. 

Same legend. Afirica, seated ; a lion at her feet ..... AR 

16. 
ANTONINVS. AVG. PONT. TR. P. II II. Youthful laureated head 
ofCaracalla. ------.---.--.- AR 

17. 
APOLLINO. AVGVSTO. Apollo in a female hahit, standmg, with a 
lyre and a patera. ---..--..-.-. AR 

18. 
ARAB. ADIABENIC. Victory, marching. AR 

19. 
ARAB. ADIAB. COS. II. P. P. A simihir type. AU 

20. 
BONA. SPES. Hope, walking. AR 

21. 
CERER. RVG. Ceres, standing. AR 

22. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. Caracalla and Geta, in the toga, 
holding between them a small figure of Victory. - - - - AU 

23. 
CONCORDIAE. MILITVM. A female figure, standing, holding two 
ensigns. ....-------.----- AR 

24. 
CONSACRATIO. (sic). The emperor veiled, standing, with an olive 
branch in his hand. -----.------- AR 

25. 
CONSECRATIO. An eagle, on a pedestal. AR 

26.» 
Same legend. An eagle on a thunderbolt ..... AU & AR 

27. 

Same legend. An eagle, on a globe. ......... aR 

28. 
Same legend. A funeral pile (or garland on a throne). ... AR 



SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 343 

29. 
Same legend. An altar, with the fire kindled^ or an eagle with wings 
expanded. ---------------- AR 

This is one of the coins restored by Gallienus. 

30. 
COS. II. P. P. Victory, marching. (A qtunarim), - - AU & AR 

31. 
COS. III. P. P. A triumphal arch. AR 

32. 
COS. III. LVDOS. SAECVL. F£C. Bacchus and Hercules standing, 
and a panther. ------------ AU & AR 

33. 

DIIS. AVSPICIB. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. A similar type to the 
foregoing. -------------- AU & AR 

34. 

DIVI. M, PII. F. P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. Mars, marching. 

AU 
35. 

FELICITAS. PVBLICA. A female figure standing, with a caduceus 
and a cornucopia. -------------- AR 

36. 
FELICITAS. SAECVLI. Full-faced head of Julia-Domna, between 
those of Caracalla and Geta. (Plate vii, No, 6), - - - - AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. 

37. 
FELICITAS. SECVLI. A crescent and seven stars. - - - - AR 

38. 
FELICITAS. TEMPOR. A panier, full of fruit. AR 

39. 
FELICIT. TEMPOR. Two comucopise, and an ear of com. - AR 

40. 

FIDEL LEG. TR. P. COS. A female figure, standing, holding a 
Victory and a standard. --------- AU & AR 

41. 
FORTVNA. REDVX. The emperor sacrificing, Fortune seated before 

him. AU 



344 SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

42. 
FORTVNAE. AVGG. Fortune, standing. AU 

43. 
FORTVNAE. R£D VCI. A female figure, standing before an altar. AR 

44. 
Same legend. Fortmie, seated. ..-..--.- AU & AR 

45. 
FVNDATOR. PACIS. The emperor in the toga, veiled, and holding 
an olive branch. ------------.- AU 

46. 
GENIVS. P. R. Genius, sacrificmg. AR 

47. 
HERCVLI. DEFENS. Hercules, standing ; his right hand on his dub, 
and a bow in his left. ----- ----- AU & AR 

48. 
IMPERII. FELICITAS. The heads of Sevenis and Geta, lace to face ; 
the first laureated, the other bare. ----.-.. AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 150 francs. 

49. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. A female figure, seated. - - - - AR 

50. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. IN. CARTH. Cybele on a lion. AU&AR 

51. 

INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. IN. ITALIAM. A female figure on a 
globe. ----------------- AR 

52. 
INVICTA. VIRTVS. The emperor on horseback, an enemy or 
captive, on the ground. ------------ AR 

53. 
INVICTO. IMP. TROPAEA. (or TROPAE. or TROPAEI.) A 
trophy. ----------------- AR 

54. 
lOVL CONSERVATORI. Jupiter.Nicephore, seated. - - - AR 

55. 
lOVI. PRAE. ORBIS. Jupiter-Nicephore, seated; an eagle with 
expanded wings at his feet. ----------- AU 



• 




SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 345 

56. 
lOVI. PROPVGNATORI. Jupiter standing, hurling a thunderbolt AR 

67. 
lOVI. VICTORI. Headof Jupiter- Ammon, full faced. - . . AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

58. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of JuUa-Domna. - - - - AU & AR 

The gold is valued by Mionnet at 100 francs, the silver at 60 francs. 

59. 
IVSTITIA. A female figure seated, holding the hasta pura and a 
patera. ----------------. AR 

60. 

LAETITIA. TEMPORVM. A cbcus with galleys and qnadrigs. 

AU&AR 
Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs and 55 francs. 

61. 
LEG. I. ADIVT. TR. P. COS. A Roman eagle between two 
standards. ---------------. AR 

62. 
LEG. I. ITAL. TR. P. COS. A similar type. AR 

63. 
LEG. I. MIN. TR. P. COS. A similar type. - - - - AU & AR 

64. 
LEG. I. {or II.) ADIVT. TR. P. COS. A simihir type. - - - AR 

65. 
LEG. III. ITAL. {or ITA.) VI. TR. P. COS. A similar type. - AR 

66. 
LEG. IIIL FL. TR. P. COS. A similar type. AR 

67. 
LEO. V. MAC. TR. P. COS. A similar type. AR 

68. 
LEG. VII. CL. TR. P. COS. A similar type. AR 

69. 
LEG. Vin. AVG. TR. P. COS. A similar type. AR 

70. 
LEG. XL CL. TR. P. COS. A similar type. - AR 



346 SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

71. 
LEG. XIII. GEM. TR. P. COS. Asumlartype. AR 

72. 
LEG. XIIII. GEM. {or GEMINA.) M. V. TR. P. COS. A similaT 
type. AU&AR 

73. 
LEG. XXII. TR. P. COS. {or PRI. TR. P. COS.) A nxnilar type, AR 

74. 
LEG. XXX. VLP. V A similar type. AR 

75. 

LIB. AVG. III. P. M. TR. P. X. COS. III. P. P. A female figure, 
standing. ---------------- aR 

76. 
LIBERAL. AVG. A female figure, seated. AR 

77. 
LIBERAL AVG. COS. A female figure, standing, holding a tessera 
and a coinucopia. ------------- AU 

78. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. n. A similar type. - - ^ - AU & AR 

79. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. V. A similar type. AU 

80. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. VL A similar type. AR 

81. 
Same l^end. Three figures, seated on an estrade, and three others, 
standing. ---------------- AU 

82. 
LIBERO. PATRI. Bacchus, standing; at his feet, a tiger. AU & AR 

83. 
Same legend. Bacchus, his arm raised ahove his head ; a tiger at his 
feet AR 

84. 
LIBERT. AVG. {or LIBERTAS. AVGG.) Liberty, standing. AR 

85. 
LIBERT. AVG. Liberty, seated. (KheU), AR 



SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 347 

86. 
L. SEPTIMIVS. GETA. CABS. Bare bead of Geta. - . - - AR 

87. 

LVJ)OS. SAECVL. FECIT. COS. III. Bacchus and Hercules, standing. 

AU 
Valued by Mionnet at 150 francs. 

88. 
MARS. PACATOR. Mars armed, standing. AR 

89. 
MARS-PATER. Man, marching with a trophy and a spear. - AR 

90. 
MARS-VICTOR. A similar type. AR 

91. 

MARTI. PACIFERO. Mars standing, holding a spear and ears of com. 

AR 
92. 

MARTI. VLTORI. Mars, marching. (KheU). AR 

93. 
MINERVA. SANCT. Minerva, standing. AR 

94. 
MONETA. AVGG. Moneta, seated. AU 

95. 
PACATOR. ORBIS. Radiated head of the Sun. - - - AU & AR 

96. 
PART. ARAB. PART. ADIAB. COS. II. P. P. Two captives 
bound, seated at the foot of a trophy. ..... AU & AR 

The gold brought, in fine preservation, 3^. at the sale of the Dimsdale 

collection. 

97. 

PIETAT. AVG. The emperor, standmg before an altar. - - - AR 

98. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. Jupiter and the emperor standing, 
supporting a globe, -y. ---------- AU 

99. 
Same legend. Jupiter-Nicephore, seated. . . - - . AU & AR 



348 8EFTIMIU8 8EVERUS. 

100. 
P. M. TB. P. III. COS. II. p. p. Apollo, in a female habit, itandiiig, 
with a lyre and a patera, ----------- AR 

101. 
P. M. TR. P. nil. COS. II, P. P. Victory, marching with a trophy 
and a garland, --------.-.---- AU 

102. 
P. M. TB. P. V. COS. II. P. P. A female figure, leated. - - AU 

103. 
P. M. TR. P. VII. COS. II. P. P. Fortune, seated. - - - - AU 

104. 
P. M. TR. P. X. COS. III. P. P. A youthful head, hefaneted. - AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 100 francs. 

105. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. (A qumarius). ----- AR 

106. 
P. M. TR. P. XI. COS. III. P. P. Fortune, seated. - - - - AU 

107. 
P. M. TR. P. XIII. COS. III. P. P. Jupiter, seated; an eagle at his 
feet AU 

108. 

P. M. TR, P. XIIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor on horseback. 

AU&AR 
109. 

P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. A similar type. - - - - AR 

no. 

Same legend. Africa, standing; a lion at her feet ----- AR 

111. 
Same legend. A trophy, with two captives ; one seated, the other 
standing. ---------------- AR 

112. 
Same legend. A youthful head, helmeted. .-..--- AU 

113. 
P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. Wingedhead of Medusa. - AU 

114. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. (A qumarius). -*---- AR 



SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 349 

115. 
P. M. TR. p. XVI. COS. III. p. p. The emperor on horseback. AR 

116. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. (A qmnarka), ----- AU 

117. 
Same legend.^ Victory seated, and a trophy. ---...- AU 

118. 
Same legend. A port, with fortifications (or a bridge, with figures, and a 
gaUey beneath). -------------- AU 

Valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 

119. 
p. M. TR. P. XVII. COS. III. P. P. A rivep-god, seated. - - AR 

120. 
P. M. TR. XVIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, on horseback, 
bearing down a captive. ------------ AR 

121. 
Same legend. Victory marching, holding a captive by the hand, and 
bearing a trophy. -------------- AU 

122. 
PRINC. IWENT. COS. Three figures, on horseback. - - - AR 

123. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. The emperor on horseback. - - - AU & AR 

124. 
PROPECT. AVGG. FEL. Asimflartype, - AR 

125. 
PROF. AVG. P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, on 
horseback, preceded by a soldier. --------- AR 

126. 
PROVIDENTIA. Full-faced head of Medusa. - - - AU & AR 

127. 
Same legend. The head of Medusa on the aegis. ----- AR 

128. 
PVDICITIA. A female, seated. AR 

129. 
RECTOR. ORBIS. Jupiter, standing, holding a globe and the hasta. 

AR 



350 SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

130. 
RESTITVTOR. (or RESTITVTORI.) VRBIS. The emperor, sacri- 
ficing. ----------------- AU 

This type, very fine, bronght 11/. 0«. at the sale of the Trattle col- 
lection. 

131. 

Same legend. Rome, seated. ----------- AU 

This type, fine, brought 3/. 3#. at the Trattle sale. 

132. 
RESTITVTORES. ORBIS. A youthful head, helmeted. AU & AR 

This type, in gold, brought 52. 7s. 6d, at the Trattle sale. 

133. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. A statue of Rome, within a temple. - AR 

134. 

S. P. Q. R. OPTIMO. PRINC. (or PRINCIPI). An equestrian figure. 

AU&AR 
135. 

SECVRITVS. PVBLICA. A female, seated. AR 

136. 
TR. P. COS. Victory, marching. (A qwnarku), AU 

137. 
TR. P. III. IMP. V. COS. II. A captive, and a heap of aims. - AR 

138. 
Same legend. A trophy, and two captives. -------AR 

139. 
VENER. VICT. Venus, standing. AR 

140. 

VENVS. GENETRIX. Venus, seated: an infant standing before her. 

AR 
141. 

VICT. AVG. Victory, standing, inscribing on a buckler, AVG. AR 

142. 
VICT. AVG. TR. P. COS. Victory, marching. AU 

143. 
VICT. AVG. TR. P. IL COS. II. A similar type. . - - - AU 

144. 
VICT. AVGG. A similar type. (A qumarmti), AR 



SEFTIMIUS SEVERUS. 351 

145. 
VICTORTA. AVG« Victory, standing, inscribing AVG. on a buckler 
placed on a column. ------------- AR 

146. 
VICTORIAE. AVG. F£L. Victory holding a fillet: before, a buckler 
on a pedestal. --------------- AR 

147. 
VICTORIAE. AVGG. Victory, in a biga. AU & AR 

This type, in gold, brought llLlOs, at the Trattle sale. It was very 

fine. 

148. 

Same legend. Victory, marching. ------.--. AU 

149. 
VICTORIAE. AVGG. The emperor seated, wiih a captive at his feet, 
and crowned by Victory. ----------- AR 

150. 
VICT. PARTHICAE. Victory, marching; and a captive. - - AR 

151. 
VICT. PART. MAX. Victory, marching. AU 

152. 
VICTORIAE. BRIT. Victory, holding a captive. - - AU & AR 

153. 
Same legend. Victory, suspending a buckler firom a tree. - - - AR 

154. 
VICT. IVST. AVG. Victory, seated. AR 

155. 
VICTOR. IVST. AVG. Victory, standing. AR 

This and the preceding coin refer to Severus' victory over his rival 
Niger, who assiuned the surname of Justus. 

156. 
VICTOR. SEVER. AVG. Victory, marching. AR 

157. 
VIRT. AVGG. Roma-Victrix, standing. AU 

158. 
VIRT. AVG. TR. P. COS. A similar type. AU 



352 SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

159. 
VIRT. AVG. TR. P. VI. COS. IL P. P. A similar type. - - aV 

160. 
VIRTVS. AVG. The emperor on horseback, bearing down an enemy. 

AR 

161. 

VIRTVS. AVGG. A naked figure, with radiated head, standing; a 
globe in his right hand, and the hasta in his left. ... - AR 

162. 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and his sons, on horseback. 

AU 
Valued by Mionnet at 120 francs. Brought, in very fine preservation, 
only 3/. 10#. at the Dimsdale sale. 

163. 
VIRTVTE. AVG. A military figure, standing, holding the hasta' and 
the parazonium. .-..----.-..-. AR 

164. 
VIRTVTI. AVG. Mars, marching. AU 

165. 
VIRTVTI. AVGG. Roma-Victrix, seated. ...... AU 

166. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. A similar type. AR 

167. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. XX. Three figures, sacrificing. - AU & AR 

168. 
Same legend. The emperor, veiled, sacrificing. .--.-. AR 

169. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. - - - - AU & AR 

170. 
Same legend. The emperor, at an altar. .--..•.. AR 

171. 
VOT. SVSC. DEC. P. M. TR. P. X. COS. III. P. P. The empciw, 
before an altar. --- ----.-.---. AR 

In gold, Nos. 13, 60, and 1 18, are much the rarest. The next in rarity 
are Nos. 12, 36, 48, 81, 87, and 162 ; then Nos. 57, 58, and 104. In silver^ 
No. 132 is the rarest Nos, 11, 12, 16, 31, 58, 60, 86, and 149, are 
next in rarity : then Nos. 24, 32, 122, 126, and 127. Nos. 9, 33, 37, 51, 
92, 95, 119, 129, 133, 134, 155, and 167, are much rarer than the 
remaining numbers. 



THE FAMILY OF SEVERDS. 353 



THE FAMILY OF SEVERUS. 

Gold R6 

„ quinarii -----«----------R8 

SUver R5 

[SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS.] 

1. 
SEVERVS. AVG. PART. MAX. Laureated head of Severus, with 
the aegis.— iZn^. I VLIA. AVG VSTA. The head of Julia Domna. 

AU 

2. 
SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. (or SEVERVS. AVG. P.\RT. MAX.) 
LauieatedheadofSeyerus.— TZev. I VLIA. AVG VSTA. Head of 
Julia Domna. --------------- AR 

3. 
L. SEPT. SEVERVS. AVG. PART. MAX. Laureated head of Septi- 
mhu Severus.— iJw. ANTONINVS. AVG. PONT. TR. P. IIII. 
Youthful head of Caracalla, laureated, with the paludamentum. 

AR 

4. 
L. SEPT. SEVERVS. IMP. XI. PART. MAX. Laureated head of 
Seyenu.— JRev. L. SEPTIMIVS. GETA. CAES. Bare head of 
Geta, with the paludamentum. ---------- AR 

5. 
SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. P. M. TR P. Villi, (or SEVERVS. PIVS. 
AVG. P. M. TR P. X. or SEVER P. AVG. P. M. TR P. X. 
COS. HI.) Laureated head of Seyerus, with or without the palu- 
damentum.— iZev. FELICITAS. SAECVLI. Full-faced head of 
Julia Domna, between the heads of Caracalla and Geta, face to face, 
the one laureated, the other bare; each with the paludamentum. 
(Plate m, No. 6), AU 

TOL. I. 2 A 



354 THE FAMILY OF SEVERUS* 

6. 

FELICITAS. PVBLICA. The heads of Sevenu and Domna, iace to 

&ce: his, laureated; hen, with the diadem. — Rev. PERPETVA. 

CONCORDIA. Bearded laureated heads of Caracalla and Geta, 

fece to face. --------------- AU 

7. 
SEVERUS. PI VS. AVG. Laureated head of Sevems.— iZ^v. AETER- 

NIT. IMPERI. The heads of Septimius Severus and Caracalla, 
face to face, and laureated; each with the paludamentum. - AR 

8. 
L. SEPT. SEVE. PERT. AVG. IMP. Villi. Laureated head of 
Severus, with the paludamentum.— JRev. IMPERII. FELICITAS. 
Heads of Septimius Severus and Geta, fietce to &ce: the first lau- 
reated, the other bare; without the paludamentum. - - - AU 

9. 
SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. Laureated head of Severus.— iZfo. AETEB^ 

NIT. IMPERI. The heads of Caracalla and Geta, face to face: 

the first laureated, the other bare; each with the paludamentum. 

AR 

10. 

Another, with a similar t3rpe, but without the paludamentum. - - AR 

11. 

SEVERVS. AVG. PART. MAX. (or SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. P. M. 
TR P. Villi.) Laureated head of Severus, with (or without) the 
8^ on the shoulders.— i2ev. AETERNIT. IMPERI. Heads of 
Caracalla and Geta, face to face: the first laureated, the other bare; 
each with the paludamentum. ---------- AU 

12. 
SEVERVS. PIVS. AVG. P. M. TR P. VIII. Laureated head of 
SevenuL^Rev. AETERNIT. IMPERI. The heads of Caiacalla 
and Geta, face to face, as in the preceding. (A qumarnu). - AU 

In gold, No. 6 is much the rarest; No. 1 is the least rare. In ulver. 
No. 2 is the rarest; No. 3 is the least rare. 

[JULIA DOMNA.] 
1. 
I VLI A. AVGVSTA. Head of Julia Domna.— Aw. SEVERVS. AVG. 
PART. MAX. Laureated head of Severus to the right, with the 
aEgis. ----------------- AU 




THE FAMILY OF SEVERUS. 855 

2. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Julia Domna.— JBer. SEVERV8. PI VS. 
AVG. (or SEVERVS. AVG. PART. MAX.) Laureated bead of 
Severus. ---- ------------ AR 

3. 
Same li^end. Same head. — Rev. ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. 
Laureated youthful head of Caracalla, with the paludamentum. AR 

4. 
Another, with ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. BRIT, and the laureated 
bearded bead of Caracalla, without the paludamentum. - - AR 

5. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Julia Domna.— JBw. P. SEPT. GETA. 
CAES. PONT. Bare head of Geta, with the paludamentum. AR 

6. 
IVLIA, AVGVSTA. {or IVLIA. PIA. FELIX. AVG.) The same 
bead^^TZev. AETERNIT. IMPERI. Laureated beads of Seyerus 
and Caracalla, face to fiu^ ; each with the paludamentum. AU & AR 

7. 
Another, with IVLIA. PIA. FELIX. AVG. - - I . - - - AR 

8. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Julia Domna.— iJ«r. AETERNIT. 
IMPERI. The heads of CaracaUa and Geta, face to face : the first 
laureated, the other bare ; each with the paludamentum. AU & AR 

9. 
Ano&er, similar, without the paludamentum. ------- AR 

In gold, Nos. 6 and 8 are much rarer than No. 1 . In silver, Nos. 2 
and 7 are the rarest. No. 3 is the least rare. 

[CARACALLA]. 

1. 
ANTONINVS. AVG. PONT. TR. P. IIII. Laureated youthful head 
of CaracaUa, with the paludamentum.— iZw. L. SEPT. SEVERVS. 
AVG. PART. MAX. Laureated bead of Septimius Severus. AR 

2. 
ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. Laureated youthful head of CaracaUa, 
with the paludamentum.— jBtf©. IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of 
Julia Domna. --------------- AR 

2 a2 



356 THE FAMILY OF SEVERUS. 

3. 
Another, with ANTONIN VS. PIVS. AVG. BRIT. Beaided buneated 
head of Caracalla, without the paludamentum. . ^ . . - AR 

4. 
ANTON. P. AVG. PON. TR. P. V. COS. {or ANTONINVS. PIVS. 
AVO.) Youthful laureated head of CairacaUa, with the paluda- 
mentum.— TZev. PLAVTILLAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of Plan- 

tilla. AU & AR 

5. 
ANTONINVS. AVGVSTVS. Laureated youthful head of Caracalla, 
with the paludamentum.— TZev. P. SEPT. GETA. CAES. PONT. 
Bare head of Geta, with the paludamentum. - - - AU & AR 

6. 
ANTONINVS. AVGVSTVS. (or ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. or 
ANTONINVS. PI VS. AVG. PON.TR. P. IIII. orV.) Laureated 
youthful head of Caracalla, with the paludamentum. — Bev. CON- 
CORDIAE. AETERNAE. The heads of Sevenu and Julia 
Domna, ride by side : the first radiated, and with the paludamentum; 
the other placed on a crescent. --.--..- AU&AR 

7. 

ANTONINVS. AVGVSTVS. Laureated youthfbl head of CancaDa, 
with the paludamentum.— iZ«v. AETERNIT. IMPERI. The 
laureated heads of Septimius Seyerus and Caracalla; each with a 
coat of mail. --------------- AR 

8. 

IMP. CAES. M. AVR. ANT. AVG. P. TR. P. Laureated youthful head 
of Caracalla, with the paludamentum.— iZfo. SAECVLI. FELICI- 
TAS. The heads of Caracalla and Geta: the first lauieated, the 
other bare ; each with the paludamentum. - - - - - AU 

In gold, No. 4 is by fiur the rarest Mionnet values it at 400 francs. 
Nos. 5 and 8 are rarer than the others. In silver, No. 4 is by fiur the 
rarest Nos. 1 and 2 are the least rare. 

[SEVERUS AND CARACALLA]. 

IMPP. INVICTI. PII. AVGG. Laureated heads of Serenia and 
Caracalla, ride by side; each with the paludamentum. — Bev. 
VICTORIA. PARTHICA. MAXIMA. Victory matching, widi 
a garland and palm branch. ----- .-. AU & AR 



THE FAMILY OF S£V£RUS. 357 

[PLAUTILLA]. 

PLAVTILLAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of PlautiUa to the right-^iZev. 
ANTON. P. AVG. PON. TR. P. V. COS. (or ANTONINVS. 
PIVS. AVG.) Laureated yoadifdl head of CaxacaXla, with the 
paludamentum. --------- --• AU & AR 

[GETA]. 

1. 
L. SEPTIMIVS. GETA. CAES. Bare head of Geta to the right, with 
the paludamentum.— iZfo. L. SEPT. SEVERVS. IMP. XL PART. 
MAX. Laureated head of Severus to the right - - . :. AR 

2. 
P. SEPT. QETA . CAES. PONT. Bare head of Geta, with the paluda- 
mentum.— JRev. IVLIA. AVG VSTA. Head of Julia Domna. AR 

3. 
P. SEPT. GETA. CAES. PONT. Bare head of Geta, with the palu- 
damentum. — -Bw. ANTONINVS. AVGVSTVS. Laureated 
youthful head of Caracalla, with the paludamentum. - AU & AR 

4. 
P. SEPT. GETA. CAES. PONT. Bare head of Geta, with the paluda- 
mentum.— Aw. SEVERI. INVICTI. AVG. PII. FIL. Bust of 
Geta with radiated head, and coat of mail. -.---- AU 

5. 
P. SEPT. GETA. CAES. PONT. Bare head of Geta, with the paluda- 
mentum.— iZev. AETERNIT. IMPERI. The headii of Severus 
and Caracalla, face to face, both Ifiureated, and with the paluda- 
mentum. ---------------- AR 

In gold, No. 3 is the rarest. In silver, Nos. 3 and 5 are the rarest. 

[CARACALLA AND GETA]. 

IMP. ANTONIN. ET. GETA. CAES. AVG. FIL. Heads of Cara- 
calla and Geta, face to face: the first laureated, the other hare; 
each with the paludamentum.— iZev. VIRTVS. AVGVSTOR. 
Roma-Victrix seated, holding the parazonium, and leaning on a 
buckler. ----------------- AR 



^ 



3d8 SEFTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

APOLLINI. PALATINO. Apollo, in a female habit, bolding a lyre 

and a patera. 

2. 

CONG. II POP. R. D. S. C. The emperor, seated on a heap of 

arms: before, a figure standing, with a cornucopia; between Htkem, 

the modius. 

3. 

DIS. AVSPICIBVS. P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. Bacchus and 

Hercules, standing: a panther. 

4. 
DIVI. M. PIL F, P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. IL P. P. A military 

figure, standing, holding the hasta and parazonium; a buckler at 

his feet 

5. 

Same legend. Mars, standing; a coat of mail at his feet 

6. 
FIDEI. MILIT. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. The empem on 
an estrade, addressing his soldiers. 

7. 
FIDEI. MILIT. P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. A similar type. 

8. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. III. P. P. A port, with fortifications; or a 
bridge, with a vessel beneath. 

9. 
VICT. AVG. P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. Victory, marching, with a 
garland and palm-branch. 

Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 8, are the rarest 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. The three Monetai, standing. 

2. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. FELICISSIMO. The emperor, on hwieback, 
preceded by a foot soldier, who carries a standard. 

3. 
AFRICA. Afirica, standing, with a lion at her feet 



SEPTIMIUS SEVSRUS. 359 

4. 
APOLLONI. AVGVSTO. ApoUo, in a female habit. 

5. 
. CONSECRATIO. A funeral pfle. 

6. 
Same legend. An eagle, bearing the soul of the emperor to heaven. 

7. 

m 

COS. III. LVD. SAEC. F£C. The emperor sacrificing, with five 

attendants, and a victim. 

8. 

DI. PATRII. Bacchus and Hercules, standing; and a panther. 

9. 
DIS. AVSPICIB. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. A similar type. 

10. 
FELICITAS. SAECVLI. Three figures seated on an estrade, and two 
others standing. 

INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. IN. CARTH. Cybele. seated on a lion, 

running. 

12, 

IVLIA. AVGVSTA. (or IVLIA. PIA, FELIX. AVG.) The head of 
Julia Domna. 

13. 
LEG. XIIII. GEM. M. V. TR. P. COS. A Roman eagle, between two 
standards. 

14. 

LIBERAL. AVG. TR. P. COS. The emperor seated on an estrade, 
and three figures standing. 

15. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. Jupiter standing: an eagle at his feet. 

16. 
P. M. TR. P. XII. (XIIII. or XV.) COS. III. P. P. A gaUey, with 
rowers. 

17. 
P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, on horseback. 

18. 
P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, addressing his 
soldiers. 



360 SEPTIMIU8 SEVERUS. 

19, 
P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. III. p. p. The emperor, and four loldien, 
standing; and a captiye, seated. 

20. 
Same legend. Severus and his sons, addressing the soldiers. 

21. 
P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, in a miHtary 
habit, standing; a Victory in his right hand, and the hasta in his left : 
behind, Rome, placing a garland on his head. 

22. 

Same legend. The emperor and his two sons, sacrificing. 

23. 
Same legend. Two Victories suspending a buckler from a palm tr«e, at 
the foot of which are two captives, seated. 

24. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. 

25. 
SAECVLARIA. SACRA. Several figures, sacrificing before a temple ; 
a river-god seated on the ground. 

26. 
Same legend. Three figures, standing. 

27. 
SAECVLO. FRVGIFERO. TR. P. COS. A half-naked figure, with 
radiated head, holding a caduceus and ears of com in his right 
hand ; in his left, a trident 

28. 

VICT. BRIT. P. M. TR. P. XIX. COS. III. P. P. A similar type to 
No. 23. 

29. 
VICTORIA. A VGVSTl. The emperor on horseback, and two figures. 

30. 
VICTORIAE. BRITANNICAE. A similar type to No. 23. 

31. 
VlRTVTl. AVG. The emperor standing, in a mOitaiy habit, holding 
a Victory in his right hand, and the hasta in his left ; behind, Man 
placing a garland on his head. 



SEFTIMIUS SEVKRUS. 361 

32. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. Two flgura, sacrifidng. 

33. 
VOTA. SVSCEFTA. DECENNALIA. Six figures^ aacrificing. 

34. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. XX. Three figures, sacrificing. 

Nos. 5, 6, 10, 12, 20, 25, and 33, are extremely rare; Noa. 2, 4, 7, S, 
13, 14, 18, 19, 22, and 34, are next in rarity; and Nos. 16, 17, 24, 26, 
and 27, are rarer than the remaining nmnbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

ADVENTVI. AVO. FELICISSIMO. The emperor, on horseback, 

preceded by a soldier. 

2. 

AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. Equity, standing, 

3. 
AFRICA. The Province, standing ; a lion at her feet. 

4. 
ANNONI. AVOVSTI. CERES. A figure seated, and another standing. 

5. 

APOLLINI. AVGVSTO. ApoDo, in a female habit, with a lyre and a 

patera. 

6. 

AVGVSTI. COS. Two figures seated on an estrade, and two others 

standing. 

7. 

COS. III. LVD. SAEC. FEC. on a cippus, between two figures standing. 

8. 
Same legend. The emperor and five figures. 

9. 

COS. III. LVDOS. SAECVL. FEC. Hercules and Bacchus, standing; 

a panther at their feet 

10. 

COS. III. P. P. OB. ALIM A female standing, and six figures. 

11. 
DIS. AVSPICIB. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. A similar type to No. 9. 



362 SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

12. 

FELICITAS. SAECVLI. Three figures seated on an estrade, and two 

others standing. 

13. 

FORTVNA. REDVX. The emperor, sacrificing to Fortune, seated 

before him. 

14 

P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. A naked figure between two ser- 

pents, within a temple. 

15. 

P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. III. P. P. A bridge, with figures: below, a 

vessel. 

16. 

P. M. TR. P. XVII. (or XVIII.) COS. III. P. P. Rome, seated ; at 

her feet, a figure kneeling. 

17. 
PROFECTIO. AVG. P. M. TR. P. VI. COS. II. The emperor on 

horseback, attended by six foot soldiers. 

18. 
PROF. AVGG. P. M. TR. P. XVI. The emperor on horseback, and 
two (or three) soldiers on foot. 

19. 

RESTITVTOR.* VRBIS. The emperor, sacrificmg to Rome, seated 

before him. 

20. 

Same legend. The emperor, sacrificing. 

21. 
SAECVLARIA. SACRA. Three figures sacrificing beforo a temple. 

22. 

SAECVLI. FELICITAS. Felicity, standing, with cornucopia and 

caducous. 

23. 

SAECVLI. FELICITAS. COS. III. P. P. A female figure in the 
stola, holding a cornucopia, and standing in the midst of six small 
figures, also standing. 

24. 

S. C. The emperor, and seyen figures, sacrificing before a temple. 

25. 
VICTORIAE. AVGG, Victory in a biga. 



SEFTIMIU8 SETERUS. 363 

26. 
VOTA. PVBLICA.. Eight figures, sacrifidng before a temple. 

27. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. DECENNALIA. A similar type. 

28. 
VOTA. SVSCEFTA. XX. The emperor and two attendants sacrificing. 

Nos. 23y 24, 26, and 27, are very rare ; Nos. 1 and 14 are much rarer 
than the remaining numbers. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
COS. III. P. P. Victory marching, with a garland and palm-branch. 

2. 

FVNDATOR. PACIS. The emperor veiled, and in the toga, holding a 

palm-branch. 

3. 

INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. IN. GARTH. Cybele, seated on a lion. 

4. 
lOVI. PROPVGNATORI. Jupiter, hurling a thunderbolt. 

6. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. V. A female figure standing, with cornu- 
copia and caduceus. 

6. 

PARTH. MAX. TR. P. Villi. Two captives, at the foot of a trophy. 

7. 
P. M. TR. P. XIIII. COS. III. A female figure standing, holding a 
cornucopia and ears of com ; the modius at her feet 

8. 
P. M, TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. Menerva, standing. 

9. 
SAECULI. FELICITAS. COS. III. P. P. A female, with a cornu- 
copia, standing in the midst of several chOdren. 

10. 
VICT. PART. MAX. Victory, marching. 

11. 
VICTORIAE. AVGG. PEL. Victory marching, with a buckler. 



364 BKPTIMIUS SETKRUS — JULIA DOMNA. 

12. 
IMP. INVICTI. PII. AVOG. Tbe beadf of Sevem and CmcaDa, 
fide bynde.— ir«9. VICTORIA. PARTHICA. MAXIMA. Victory, 
nuurhing. 

The lait number if by fiur the nreft Not. 2 and 9 are nicr than the 
other nnmben. 

JULIA DOMNA. 

[Julia Donma, daughter of Bflifiianuf, a plebeian^ waa bom aft Fwiiinm, 
or Emeaa, in Phoenicia, and manied to Severua in the year of Borne 
926 (A. D. 173). She died of hanger (or, accoiding to fome, 
poifoned herself) in 970 (A. D. 217) immediately after the murder of 
her son Caracalla]. 

Style :— ^IVLI A. AVOVSTA. [On reverae, often, matee. atgo. or 

MATSE. cAfTEOEVM.] ^IVL. {w IVLIA.) DOMNA. A. (or AV. 

or AVG.) ^IVLIA. PI A. AVGVSTA. ^IVLIA. PEL. AVG. 

IVLIA. PIA. FELIX. AVG. [On reverse, fometimea mat. 

ATOa. MAT. fEN. M. (OT MAT.) PAT. {w PATE. Of PATEIAE.)] 

DIVA. IVLIA. AVGVSTA. 

Gold medallion, of small size ........... R8 

„ of the Ufual size ------------- -R2 

„ quinarii ----------------R7 

Silver medallion, of largo size .--.-------Rg 

„ of the usual size --------------C 

„ of large size ---------------Rl 

„ quinarii -----. ----------R2 

Brass medallions --------------- R6 

First and second brass --------------C 

ITiird brass R2 

I 

GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. The three Monetae, standing; and thxee 

altars. (Large size). ------ aR 

2. 
VENVS. GENETRIX. Venus seated. (Small size). - - - AU 

Mionnet values the first of these at 300 francs, and the other at 600 
francs. There waa one of the latter in the Trattle collection, which was 
bought by the Duke De Blacaa, for 11/. 5^. 



JULIA DOMNA* 365 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH 

RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AETERN. AVOG. Cybele, in a quadriga of lions. - - - - AR 

2 
AETERNIT. IMPERI. The heads of Sevenis and CancaUa. AU & AR 

3. 
Same legend. The heads of CaracaUa and Geta. - - - AU & AR 

4. 
AEQVITAS. AVGG. A female figure, seated. AR 

5. 
ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. (or ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. BRIT.) 
TheheadofCanu^Ua. ------- AR 

6. 
BONAE.SPEI. Hope. AR 

7. 
CERERL FRVGIF. Ceres, seated. AR 

8. 
CONCORDIA. FELIX. Two figures, joining hands. - - - - AR 

9. 
CONSECRATIO. A peacock, with its tail spread. - - - - AR 

10. 
DIANA. LVCIFERA. Diana Lucifera, standing. - - - - AU 

11. 
FECVNDITAS. A female figure seated on the ground, and four 
children. AU&AR 

12. 
Same legend. A female figure seated, and two children - AU & AR 

13. 
FORTVNAE. FELICI. Fortune seated, with her attributes : a child 
standing before her. ---.->-...... AU 

14. 
FORTVNA. REDVX. A female figure standing, holding two comu- 
copise. --------- - AR 



366 JULIA pOMNA. 

15. 
FELICIT. TEMPOR. The modius, holding ean of com. - - AR 

16. 
FVNDATOR. PACTS. The emperor, standing. (KheU). - - AR 

17. 
HILARITAS. A female figure standing, with cornucopia and palm- 
branclh ----------------- AU 

This type, very fine, brought 7L 17f. Gd. at the Trattle sale. 

18. 
IVNO. Juno standing, with a peacock at her feet. - - AU & AR 

19. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A ^titnoriiic). ------ AR 

20. 
IVNONEM. A similar type. AR 

21. 
IVNO. REGINA. A similar type. AU&AR 

22. 
LAETITIA. A female figure standing, with a rudder and a garland. 

AU 
23. 

LIBERAL. AVO. Liberality, standing, with tessera and cornucopia. 

AR 

24. 
LVNA. LVCIPERA. Diana, in a biga. AU & AR 

25. 
Another, of a smaller size. -..-.....-.. AR 

26. 
MAT. AVGG. MAT. SEN. M. PATR. A female figure, seated (or 
standing). AU & AR 

27. 
MAT. AVGG, MAT. SEN. MAT. PAT. {or M. PATR.) A female 
figure, standing. -------------- AR 

This type, well preserved, brought 51 at the Trattle sale. 

28. 
MATER. AVGG. Cybele, in a quadriga of lions. - - - AU & AR 



r 



JULIA DOMNA* 367 

29. 
MATER. DEVM. Cybele, seated between two lions. - - AU & AR 

This type, very fine, brought 5/. at the Trattle sale. 

30. 
Same legend. Cybele, standing: a lion at her feet - - AU & AR 

31. 
MATRI. CASTRORVM. A female figure, seated; and two or three 
standards. -------------- AU & AR 

32. 

Same legend. A female figure, sacrificing; and two standards. 

AU & AR 
33. 

MATRI. DEVM. Cybele, standing. AR 

34. 
MONETA. AVG. Moneta, standing, or seated. AR 

35. 
PIETAS. A veiled female figure, seated, holding a figure of Victory in 
her right hand. -------------- AR 

36. 
PIETAS. AVGG. A veiled female figure, sacrificing. (A quinarhu), 

AU 

37. 
Same legend. A similar type. ----------- AU 

38. 
PIETATI. A female figure, standing. AU 

This type, very fine, brought l2Ll0t. at the Trattle sale. 

39. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. II. P. P. Victory, marching, with a 
buckler. ----------------- AR 

40. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. III. P. P. A female figure, seated before an 
altar. AR 

41. 
P. SEPT. GETA« CAES, PONT. Bare head of Geta. - - - AR 

42. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rome, seated. AR 



368 JULIA DOBiNA. 

43. 
SAECVL. FELICIT. A crescent and leren itan. CMkmnet). - AR 

44. 

SEVERI The emperor in a military habit, holding a Victory ; 

a captive at his feet ------------- AR 

45. 
SEVERVS. AVG. PART. MAX. {or SEVERVS. PI VS. AVG.) Head 
ofSeverus. AU&AR 

46. 
VENERI. VICTR. (or VICTRI. or VICTRICI.) Venus, half naked, 
leaning on a column, holding a palm branch and a globe. - AU 

This type, fine, brought 6L 7t, 6tL at the Tratde sale. There were two 
in the Dimsdale collection, very fine, which sold for 4L 4«. and 5^ 10«. 

47. 
VENERI. OENETRICI. Venus standing, holding the hasta and a 

patera. AU&AR 

48. 
VENVS. GENETRIX. Venus seated, holding a globe and the hasta; 
Cupid at her feet -------------- AU 

49. 
Same legend. Venus seated. ----.------- AU 

60. 
Same legend. Same t3rpe. (Large size). -------- AR 

51. 
VENVS. FELIX. Venus, standing. AR 

52. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A qmnariua), ---... AR 

53. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, leaning on a column. - - - - AR 

54. 
Same legend. Venus, leaning on a column ; a coat of maQ and a Cupid 
at her feet ---------------- AR 

55. 
VESTA. Vesta, seated. AU 

56. 
Same legend. Six females sacrificing before a temple. - - - - AU 



JULIA DOMNA. 369 

57. 
VESTA. MATER. A similar type. AU & AR 

This type, well presenred, brought 61. lOt, at the Trattle sale. 

58. 

Same legend. Vesta, seated. AR 

59. 
Same legend. A female figure, sacrificing before a temple. - - AR 

60. 
Same legend. Two figures sacrificing, before a temple. - - - - AR 

61. 
VESTA. SANCTAE. A female figure, standing. AR 

62. 
VICT. AETERN. Victory, marching. AR 

63. 
VICTORI AE. A VGG. PEL. Victory marching wiih a buckler. AR 

64. 
VIRTVS. AVG, COS. Rome, seated. AR 

65. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. XX. A figure, sacrificing. (KheUJ. - - AR 

In gold, Nos. 2, 3, and 56, are much the rarest : the next in rarity are 
Nos. 12, 31, 32, and 45. In silver, No. 45 is the rarest The next in 
rarity are Nos. 2, 3, 5, 41, and 57 : then Nos. 1, 11, 16, and 65. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
CERES. Ceres standing before an altar, holding a torch and ears of com. 

2. 
FECVNDITATI. AVG. A female figure, seated ; an infant in her 
arms, and another at her feet. 

Mionnet values the first at 150 francs, and the other at 300 francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. The three Monetae, standing. 
TOL. I. 2 b 



370 JULIA DOMNA. 

2. 
CONSECRATIO. A peacock in full fligbt, bearing the empfeas. 

3. 

FEC VNDITAS. A female figure seated on the ground, in the midst of 

several children ; her right hand on a globe, her left arm resting 

on an um. 

4. 

LVNA. LVCIFERA. Luna in a biga. 

5. 
MAT. A VGG. MAT. SEN. M. PATR. A female figure seated on a throne. 

6. 
MATER. AVGG. Cybele in a car, drawn by four lions. 

7. 
MATRI. CASTRORVM. A female figure, sacrificing; before, three 

standards. 

8. 

MATER. DEVM. Cybele, seated between two lions. 

9. 

PIETATI. AVGVSTAE. Three figures, standing. 

10. 
PRIMI. DECENNALES. COS. II. S. C. within a laurel garknd. 

11. 
SEPTIMIVS. SEVERVS. AVG, The head of Severus. 

12. 
S. P. Q. R. The carpentum, drawn by two mules. 

13. 
VESTA. Four female figures, sacrificing before a temple. 

14. 
VESTA. MATER. Four (or six figures), sacrificing before a temple. 

15. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. Two figures, sacrificing. 

Nos. 1 and 11 are extremely rare. Nos. 14 and 15 are next in rarity; 
and Nos. 4, 6, 9, 10, and 12, are rarer than the remaining numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CEREREM. Ceres, standing at an altar. 






JULIA DOMNA. 371 

2. 
FECYNDITAS. A female figure, seated on the ground with a globe, 
and surrounded by four children. 

3. 

Same legend. A female figure seated on a throne, and two infants. 

4. 
FORTVNAE. FELICI. Fortune, seated, and a child. 

5. 
IVNONEM. Juno, standing, with a patera; a peacock at her feet. 

6. 
lYNO. REGINA. A sunilar type. 

7. 
LVNA. LVCIFERA. LunarLucifera in a biga. 

8. 
MAT. AVGG. A female figure, seated. 

9. 
MATER. AVGG. Cybele in a car, drawn by four lions. 

10. 

MATER. CASTRORVM. A veiled female figure, sacrificing, and 
three standards. 

11. 
MATER. DEVM. Cybele, seated between two lions. 

12. 
PIETAS. AVGG. A female figure, sacrificing. 

13. 
PIETATI. AVGVSTAE. Three figures, standing. 

14. 
VESTA. Four figures sacrificing before the temple of Vesta. 

15. 
VESTA. MATER. Four or six figures, sacrificing. 

16. 
VESTAE. SANCTAE. Vesta, standing. 

Nos. 3, 4, 8, 9, and 16, are the rarest. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CERERI. FRVGIF. Ceres, seated. 

2 b2 



1 



372 JULIA DOMNA — CARACALLA. 

2. 
CONCORDIA. Concord, seated, with a cornucopia and patera. 

3. 
FORTVNAE. FELICI. Fortune, standing. 

4. 
MATER. DEVM. Cybele, standing, leaning on a column : a lion at 

her feet 

5. 
PI ETAS. AVGG. A female figure, sacrificing. 

6. 
PVDICITIA. A female figure, seated. 

7. 
SAECVLI. FELICITAS. A female figure, standing before a tripod, 
wiih a child on her arm, and her left foot on the prow of a vessel. 

VENVS. GENETRIX. Venus, seated. 

9. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing. 

10. 
VESTA. Vesta, standing, or seated. 

Nos. 3 and 4 are the rarest. 

CARACALLA. 

[Bassianus, commonly called Caracalla, the son of Septimius Severus and 
Julia Domna, was bom at Lyons, in the year of Rome 941 (A. 0. 188). 
He was created Caesar by his father, in 949 (A. D. 196), when he took 
the names of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. In the year 951 (A. D. 
198), he was invested with the title of Augustus, and with the tribimi- 
tian power. He succeeded his father in 964 (A. D. 211), and agreed 
to share the empire with his brother Geta, who, however, he murdered 
in the following year. Caracalla was assassinated at the instigation of 
Macrinus, when about to march against the Parthians, in the year of 
Rome 970 (A. D. 217)]. 

Style : M. (or MA,) AVREL. (or AVRELIVS.) ANTONI. (or 

ANTONINVS.) M. AVR. (or AVRELIVS.) ANTON, (or 



CARACAIXA. 373 

ANTONINVS. CAES. [On revene, sometifnes, sbveri. avo. pip 

FIL. W PKIHCEP8. lYVENTVTIS. OT DEBTIH ATV8. IMPERAT. (OT IMPERA- 

TOR.] IMP. M. AV. (or AVR. or AVREL.) ANTONIN. (or 

ANTONINVS.) IMP. M. AVR. SEV. ANTONINVS. 

IMP. C. (or CAES.) M. AV. (or AVR. or AVREL.) ANTON. 

(or ANTONINVS.) ANTONINVS. AVG. (or AVGVSTVS.) 

[On revene, sometimes, severi. pii. avg. fil. or p. (or part.) max. 

or M AZiMvs. or rector, orbis.] IMP. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) 

ANT. (or ANTONINVS.) A. (or AVG.) IMP. C. (or CAE. or 

CAES.) M. AVR. ANT. (or ANTON, or ANTONINVS.) AVG. 

ANTONINVS. PIVS. M. AVR. ANTONINVS. PIVS. 

ANTON, (or ANTONIN. or ANTONINVS.) P. (or PIVS.) 

A. (or AV. or AVG.) [On reversey sometimes, p. p. or part. max. 

or pacator. orbis. or rector, orbis.] M. ANTONINVS. 

PIVS. AVG. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) ANTONINVS. PIVS. 

AVG. IM. ANTONINVS. PIVS. A. IMP. CAE. M. 

AVR. ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. IMP. CAES. M. AVR. 

ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. 

BRIT. [On reverse, often, p. p. or imp. p. p.] M. AVREL. (or 

AVRELIVS.) ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. BRIT. [On reverse, 

sometimes, p. p. or imp. p. p.] ANTONINVS. PIVS. FEL. 

AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] M. AVR. (or AVREL.) 

ANTONINVS. P. (or PIVS.) F. (or FELIX.) AVG. ANTO- 
NINVS. PIVS. AVG. GERM. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) ANTO- 
NINVS. PIVS. AVG. GERM. [On reverse of the last three titles, 

sometimes, p. p. (or imp. p. p.] IMP. ANTONINVS. PIVS. 

AVG. GERM. DIVVS. ANTONINVS. MAGNVS. [Only 

on ihe coins with consecration type]. 

Gold medallions (small size) ------------R7 

„ of the usual size -------------Rl 

Silver medallions ---------------R7 

of the usual size -------------C 

large size ----------------S 

„ quinarii ----------------R2 

Brass medallions -_-------------R3 

„ CoiUomkUi ---------------R5 

First and second brass -------------C 

Thirdbrass R2 



ft 



374 CARACALLA. 

GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. nil. Pi P. Luna, in a car drawn by two 
bulk. AU 

2. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus-Victrix, standing : a Victory in her right 
hand ; the hasta in her left ; her aim resting on a buckler. - AU 

3. 

IM. C. M. AVR. ANTONINVS. AVG. The youthful beaidlesB head 

of Caracalla to the right— J«w. VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victoiy, 

marehing to the left : a garland in her right hand ; a palm-branch 

in her left. - -------------- AR 

Mionnet values the gold at 400 francs each ; and the silver at 1 00 francs. 
The first two are surrounded by an octagonal filagree border. They 
are engraved in the Catalogue D'Ennery. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, 
WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor, on horseback. - AU & AR 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVGG. Three figures, on horseback. - - - - AU 

3. 
AEQVITAS. AVGG. The emperor seated, and Equity standing. AR 

4. 

AETERNIT. IMPERI. The heads of Severus and Caracalla, face to 
face, ----------------- AR 

5. 
ARC VS. AVGG. The arch of Severus. AR 

6. 

■ 

AVGVSTI. COS. Two figures, seated on an estrade, and two others 
standing. (KheU), AU 

7. 
CONCORDIAE. AETERNAE. The heads of Severus and Juha 
Domna, side by side. ---------- AU & AR 



CARACALLA. 375 

8. 
CONCORDIA. FELIX. The emperor and PlautOla, standing, joining 
hands. ----------------- AR 

9. 
Same l^end. Caracalla, Geta, and Julia, standing. - - - - AU 

10. 
DIYO. ANTONINO. MAGNO. Bare head of Caracalla.— iSev. CON- 
SECRATIO. An eagle on a globe. AR 

11. 
COS. II. The emperor, in a quadriga. ------ AU & AR 

12. 
COS. III. (or IIII.) P. P. Victory, marching. (A quktarhu). - AR 

13. 
COS. LVDOS. SAECVL. FEC. Bacchus and Hercules, standing ; a 

panther at their feet. AU&AR 

14. 
DESTINATO. IMPERATORI. Pontifical instruments. - - - AR 

15. 
DESTINATO. IMPERAT. The head of a hull, and instrumente of 
sacrificing. ---------------- AR 

16. 
DI. PATRII. Hercules and Bacchus, standing; a panther at their 
feet. AU 

17. 
FELICIA. TEMPORA. Four children, representing the four Sea- 
sons. AU&AR 

18. 
FELICITAS. AVGG. Felicity, standing, with a cornucopia and 
cadnceus. ---------------- AU 

19. 
FELICITAS. TEMPOR. The emperor and Felicity, standing. AR 

20. 
ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. Laureated heardless head of Caracalla 
to the right, with the paludamentum.— iZcw. FELICITAS. SA- 
ECVLI. Septimius Seyerus seated between his two sons, on an 
estrade, and Liberality standing: at the foot of ihe estrade, a 
vase, and a figure in the toga, receiving a present firom the em- 
peror. ----------------- AU 



376 CARACALLA. 

21. 
FIDEL MILITVM. A woman, holding two standards. (KheUJ. AR 

22. 
FVNDATOR. PACIS. The emperor, standing. (KheU). - - AR 

23. 

IMP. £T. CAESAR. AVG. FILL COS. Three figures, seated on an 

estrade. ----------------- AR 

24. 

INDVLGENTIA. AVG. G. IN. ITALIAM. A female figure, seated. 

AU 
25. 

INDVLGENTIAE. AVG. A female figure, seated, widi the hasta 

and a patera. --------------- AR 

26. 
INDVLG. FECVNDAE, A female figure, seated. - - - - AR 

27. 
IN VICT A. VIRTVS. The emperor, on horsehack : a captive below. 

AU&AR 

28. 

lOVI. CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, standing, and two standards. AR 

29. 
lOVL SOSPITATORI. Statue of Jupiter, within a temple. - AR 

30. 
10 V. VIC. P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. Jupiter, seated; an 
eagle at his feet. -------------- AU 

31. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Julia Domna. AR 

32. 
IVVENTA. IMPERIL The emperor, standing, holding a Victory : a 

captive at his feet AU&AR 

33. 
IVSTITIA. A female, seated, with the hasta and a patera. - - AR 

34. 

LAETITIA. TEMPORVM. A galley, chariots, and animals. (MimmeL) 

AU&AR 
35. 

LtB. AVG. 11. The emperor, seated on an estrade, distributing gifts: 

two figures, standing. ------------ AU 



CARACALLA* 377 

36. 
LIB. AVG. II. (or LIBERALITAS. AVGG. VI. ET. V.). Two 
emperors seated on an estrade, and two figures standing. AU & AR 

37. 
LIBERAL. AVG. Villi. The emperor seated on an estrade, and 
three figures, standing. ------------ AU 

38. 
L. SEPT. SEVERVS. AVG. PART. MAX. Laureated head of Sep- 
timiuB Severus. -------------- AR 

39. 
MARTL PACATORI. Mars. AR 

40. 
MARTL VLTORI. Mars. AR 

41. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars, marching. (Large size). AR 

42. 
MINER. VICTRIX. Minerva, standing near a trophy. - - - AU 

43. 
NOBILITAS. (or OBILITAS.) A female figure in the stola, standing. 
(A qumarku). --------------- AR 

44, 
PACATOR. ORBIS. Radiated head of the Sun. AR 

45. 
PI ETAS. A female figure, sacrificing. -.-....- AR 

46. 
PLAVTILLAE. AVGVSTAE. Head of Plautilla. - - AU & AR 

47. 
P. MAX. TR. P. III. Rome, seated. AU&AR 

48. 
P. MAX. TR. P. nil. COS. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing. 

AR 

49. 

P. M. TR. P. XIII. COS. nil. P. P. Several figures, sacrificing. 
(VaUkmL) AU 

50. 
Same legend. The emperor, trampling on a crocodile : before, a female 
figure. (VaiUant). AU 



378 CARACALLA. 

51. 
P. M. TR. XV. COS. III. P. P. An elephant AE 

52. 
Same legend. Hercules, standing. ---....... AR 

53. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. COS. IIII. P. P. A similar type. - - - AR 

54. 
Same legend. Liberty, standing. aU 

55. 
Same legend. The circus, with chariots. .-.....- AU 

56. 
P. M. TR, P. XVII. COS. IIII. P. P. Hercules, standing. - - AR 

57. 
Same legend. The Sun, standing. (Large size). . - - . . AR 

58. 
Same legend. iEsculapius, standing between Telesphorus and a small 
globe. AU 

59. 
Same legend. Eight figures before the temple of Vesta, sacrificing. 

AU 

60. 

Same legend. Apollo seated, holding a lyre. --.---. AR 

61. 
P. M. TR. P. XVII. IMP. III. COS. IIII. P. P. Victory, seated on a 
heap of arms, holding a buckler. .--..-... AU 

62. 

Same legend. Serapis, seated : at his feet, Cerberus. - - - . AU 

63. 
Same legend. Four figures sacrificing before the temple of Vesta. 

AR 

64. 

P. M, TR. P. XVIII. COS. IIII. P. P. The Sun, in a quadriga. 
(Laige size, in silver). ---------- AU & AR 

65. 
Same legend. Jupiter, seated: at his feet, an eagle. - - AU & AR 

66. 
Same legend. The Sun, with radiated head, standing. - - - . AU 



CARACALLA. 379 

67. 

P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. nil. P. P. Three figures, standing; two 
others between them, sacrificing to JSsculapius, within a temple 
seen on one side. -------------- AU 

68. 
Same legend. Apollo, standing; his right hand on his lyre, his left 
holding a laurel branch. ------------ AR 

69. 
P. M. TR, P. XVIII. COS. nil. P. P. A Uon, with radiated head, 
and a thunderbolt in his mouth. ------- AU & AR 

70. 
Same l^;end. A similar type. (Large size.) .-..-- AR 

71. 

Same legend* The emperor, in a military habit, trampling on a croco- 

dile: before, Isis standing, bedding the sistrum and ears of com. 

AU 
72. 

Same legend. The Moon, in a biga of bulls. (Large size.) - - AR 

73. 
P. M. TR. P. XVIIII. COS. nil. P. P. The Sun, in a quadriga. 

AU&AR 
74. 

Same legend. A similar type. (Large size.) ------ AR 

75. 
Same legend. A lion, with radiated head, and a thunderbolt in its 
mouth. AU& AR 

This type, in gold, fine, brought 7^ at the sale of the Dimsdale collect 

tion, in 1824. 

76. 

Same l^end. The Moon, in a car drawn by two bulls. - AU & AR 

77. 
P. M. TR. P. XX. COS. nil. p. p. A similar type. - - AU & AR 

78. 
Same legend. A lion, with radiated head, and a thunderbolt in its 
mouth. AU&AR 

79. 
Same legend. Serapis standing, holding a garland and the hasta. AU 



380 CARACALLA. 

80. 
P. M. TR. P. XX. COS. nil. P. P. Jupiter seated, holding a patera 

andthehasta. AU&AR 

81. 

Same legend. Jupiter standing, holding a thunderbolt and the hasta. 

AU&AR 

82. 

Same legend. The Sun, standing. .--..... AU & AR 

83. 
Same legend. A similar type. (Large size). ...... AR 

84. 
Same legend. Serapis standing, holding the hasta and ears of com. 
(Large si^e). -...----....--- AR 

85. 
Same legend. The Sun, in a quadriga. .....*.. AU 

86. 
PONTIFEX. TR. P. IL The emperor standing, in a military habit, 
holding a Victory on a globe; a captive at his feet - AU & AR 

87. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. IIL A naked male figure standing, holding 
the hasta and a globe. ---.-------- AR 

88. 
PONTIF. TR. P. VIII. COS. II. A military figure, naked, holding 
a laurel-branch and the hasta ; his right foot on a helmet - AU 

89. 
PONTIF. TR. P. Villi. COS. II. The emperor, on horseback. AR 

90. 
PONTIF. TR. P. X. COS. II. The emperor standing, and three river- 
gods, seated. ----.-----.-.-- AR 

91. 
Same legend. The helmed head of Mars ........ AU 

92. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. (A qumarius), - . - - . AR 

93. 
PONTIF. TR. P. XI. COS. III. . . Several figures, about to sacrifice 
ahull. AU&AR 

94. 
Same legend. The emperor, in a quadriga. ------. AR 



CARACALLA. 381 

95. 
PONTIF. TR. R XI. COS. Ill Three figures on an estrade. AR 

96. 
Same legend. Victory, marching. (A qumarhu), . - . - . AR 

97. 
PONTIF. TR. P. XII. COS. III. The emperor, on horseback; a 
captive on the ground. ---------- AU & AR 

98. 
PONTIF. TR. P. XIII. COS. III. The emperor, crowning a kneeling 
female figure. --------------- AU 

99. 
PONT. TR. P. II. Security, seated before an altar with the fire 
Idndled. AU & AR 

100. 
PONT. TR. P. VI. COS. The emperor standmg, in a militaiy habit, 
holding a Victory, and crowned by Minerva. . - . . - AU 

101. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. The emperor, standing near a trophy. 

AU 

102. 

PROF. PONTIF. TR. P. XI. COS. III. The emperor, on horseback. 

AR 
103. 

Same legepd. The emperor on horseback, trampling down an enemy. 

AR 
104. 

PROFECTIO. AVG. The emperor and a soldier, marohing. - AR 

105. 

PROPAGO. IMPERI. Two figures, joining hands. (KkeUJ. - AU 

106. 
PROVIDENTIA. The aegis, with the head of Medusa. - - - AR 

107. 
PROVIDENTIAE. DEORVM. A female figure standing, holding a 
sceptre and a tiara; a globe at her feet ----- AU & AR 

108. 
P. SEPT. GETA. CAES. PONT. Bare head of Geta. - AU & AR 

This type in gold, well preserved, brought 16/. 10«. at the Tratde sale* 



882 CARACALLA. 

109. 

RECTOR. ORBIS. The emperor standing, holding ihe hasta and a 
globe. AU&AR 

110. 
RECTORI. ORBIS. The emperor, standing. AR 

111. 
RESTITVTOR, VRBIS. Rome, seated. AU & AR 

112. 
SAECVLI. FELICITAS. The heads of Caracalla and Geta, face to 
fiice. ------------------ AU 

113. 
SAL. GEN. HVM. A woman, raising up a male figmre. - - - AR 

114. 
SECVRIT. IMPERII. A female figure, seated before an altar. - AR 

115. 
SECVRIT. ORBIS. A similar type AR 

116. 
SECVRITAS. PERPETVA. Minerva, standing. - - - AU & AR 

117. 
SECVRITATI. PERPETVAE. A female figure, sitting before an altar. 

AU 
118. 

SEVERI. AVG. PII. FIL. Sacrificial instruments. - - - - AU 

119. 

SEVERI. PII. AVG. FIL. The emperor standing, holding a Victoiy; 
a captive at his feet ----------- AU & AR 

120. 
SPES. PVBLICA. The usual type of Hope. AU 

121. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus- Victrix, standing. (Large size.) - AR 

122. 
VICT. PART. P. M. TR. P. XX. COS. IIII. P. P. The emperor 
standing, crowned by Victory; a captive at his feet - - . AR 



CARACALLA. 383 

123. 
VIC. PART. P. M.TE. P. XX. COS. IIII. P. P. A trophy and two 
captives ; Victory, seated ; VO. w VOT. XX. (Lai^ size, in 
gflver). - - - - : AU & AR 

124. 
VICT. AVGG. Victory, marching. (A juMwrtw). - - - - AR 

125. 
VICT. PART. MAX. Victoiy, marching. AU&AR 

126. 
VICTOR. ANTONINI. AVG. Victory, marching. - - - - AU 

127. 
VICTORIA. GERMANICA. Victory marching, with a garlaiid and 
a trophy. ---------------- AU 

128. 
VICTORIA. PARTH. MAX. Victory, marching. - - - - AR 

129. 
VICTORIA. PARTHICA. Victoiy seated on arms, inscrihing VO. 
XX. : helow, a sceptre and the pedum. ------- AR 

130. 
VICTORIA. PARTHICA. MAXIMA. Victory, marching. - - AU 

131. 
VICTORIAE. AVG. Victoiy, in a quadriga. AR 

132. 
VICTORIAE. AVGG. Victory in a higa. AR 

133. 
VICTORIAE. BRIT. Victory marching, bearing a trophy, and 
holding a captive by the hand. ---------- AU 

134. 
Same legend. Victory seated on arms. -------- AU 

135. 
VIRTVS. AVGG. The emperor, standing : tiiree river-gods seated on 
the ground. ---------------- AR 

136. 
Same legend. Rome, seated. .-.----.--- AR 

137. 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTOR. Rome, seated on arms. AR 



384 CARACALLA. 

138. 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTORVM. Three horsemen. AU 

139. 

IMP. ANTON IN. ET. GETA. CAES. AVG. FIL. The heads of 
Caracalla and Geta: the first laureated, the other bare. — Rev. 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTOR. Rome, seated, AR 

140. 
VOTA. SOLVT. DEC. COS. III. Several figures, sacrificing. AU & AR 

141. 
Same legend. A single figure, sacrificing. >--..... AR 

142. 
VOTA. SVSC. DEC. PON. TR. P. V. COS. A figure sacrificing. AR 

143. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. X. A similar type. AR 

144. 
VOTA. SVSCEPTA. XX. Several figures, sacrificing. - - - AR 

145. 
Same legend. A single figure, sacrificing. ....... AR 

In gold. No. 46 is by far the rarest The next in rarity are Nos. 20, 
34, 49, 55, 108 : then Nos. 6, 7, 9, 13, 17, and 93. Nos. 2, 36, 50, 97» 
and 98, are much rarer than the remaining numbers. In silver. No. 46 
is by far the rarest The next in rarity are Nos. 4, 5, 7, 10, 17, 23, 36, 
93, 108, and 139 : then Nos. 31, 34, 38, 63, 140, and 143. Of the remain- 
ing numbers, 3, 13, 21, 22, 24, 27, 43, 44, and 124, are much the rarest. 



BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

CONCORDIAE. AVGG. Caracalla and his brother Geta, sacrificing; 
each crowned by a Victory. 

2. 
IMP. II. COS. nil. p. p. S. C. The emperor in a quadriga. 

3. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. II. COS. nil. P. P. The circus of Caracalla. 



CARACALLA. 385 

4. 

P. M: TR. p. XVI. IMP. II. COS. nil. P. P. S. C. A circus with an 

obelisk and chariots. 

5. 

P. M. TR. P. XVIII. IMP. III. COS. IIII. P. P. S. C. JEsculapius, 
standing between Telesphorus and a globe. 

6. 
SEVERI. AVG. PII. FIL. Sacrificial instruments. 

This extremely rare medallion, is of a large size. The obverse has the 
bare youthfid head of Caracalla, with the title of " Caesar." 

7. 
TRAIECTVS. PONTIF. TR. P. XII. COS. III. The emperor, with 
his soldiers, passing a river, across a bridge of boats. 

This medallion is of the size of the second brass. It is formed of two 
metals ; brass and copper. 

No. 6 is the rarest No. 1 and 2 are rarer than the others. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVI. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. 

2. 
AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. The three Monetae, standing. 

3. 
CONCORDIAE. A VGG. Two figures in military habits, joining hands : 

each crowned by a figure. 

4. 

DIVO. ANTONINO. MAGNO. Bare head of Caracalla.— i2«». CON- 

SECRATIO. An eagle, or a funeral pile. 

5. 
COS. LVD. SAEC. FEC. A sacrifice : six figures and a victim. 

6. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. IN. CARTH. Cybele on a lion. 

7. 
lOVIS. C VSTOS. Statue of Jupiter, within a temple. 

8. • 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. I. (or II. or III. or IIII. orV. or VII. orVIH. 
or IX). Liberality standing, with tessera and cornucopia. 

Of these, the 3rd and 9th are much the rarest No. 6 is not known. 
VOL I. 2 c 



386 CARACALLA. 

9. 
PONTIF. TR. P. Villi. COS. II. Man standing, with spear and shield. 

10. 
PONTIF. TR. P. X. COS. II. The emperor, on horaebacL 

11. 
Same legend. A galley. 

12. 
PONTIF. TR. P. XI. COS. III. A galley. 

13. 
PONTIF. TR. P. XII. COS. III. Severus and CaraeaHa, three sol- 
diers, and a captive. 

14. 
PONTIF. TR. P. XIII. COS. III. Caxacalla and Geta standing, in 
the toga, joining hands: in the centre, Septimius Severus before an 
altar. 

15. 
Same legend. Caracalla and Greta, standing: three soldiers, with 
standards, and a captive seated. 

16. 
P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. An elephant 

17. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. II. COS. nil. P. P. A circus. 

18. 
Same legend. The emperor, in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. 

19. 
Same legend. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

20. 
P. M. TR. P. XVII. IMP. III. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor, 
ad4i;^ing his soldiers. 

21. 
Same l^nd. The emperor, crowned by Victory: a captive on the 

ground. 

22. 

P. M. TR. P. XVIII. IMP. III. COS. IIII. P. P. The emperor on 
horseback; and a captive. 

23. 
Same legend. The emperor on horseback; and three foot soldiers. 



CARACALLA. 387 

24. 

P. M.TR. P. XVIII. IMP. III. COS. nil. P. P. TheSuii,inaquiidriga. 

25. 

Same legend. A lion, with radiated head, and a thunderbolt in his 

mouth. 

26. 

P. M. TR. P. XVIII. IMP. III. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor in a 

military habit, trampling on a crocodile, and receiving ears of com 

from Isis. 

27. 

Same legend. Diana, in a biga of bulls. 

2a. 

P. M. TR. P. XX. IMP. III. COS. IIII. P. P. A quadriga. 

29. 

PROF. AVG. PONT. M. TR. P. XIX. The emperor, on horseback; 

and two foot soldiers. 

30. 

PROF. AVG. PONTIF, TR. P. VII. A simikr type. 

31. 
RECTOR. ORBIS. A naked figure standing, holding a globe. 

32. 
RESTITVTOR. ORBIS. RomarVictriz, seated. 

33. 
SEVERI. AVG. PII. FIL. Sacrificial insbvments. 

34. 
SAECVLARIA. SACRA. Several figures sacrificing in front of a 
temple : below, a river-^od, seated on the ground. 

35. 
SPEI. PERPETVAE. Hope. 

36. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus-Victrix, standing. 

37. 
VICT. BRIT. TR. P. XIIII. COS. III. Victory prectmg a trophy, 
near which stands a female figure with turreted crown, and with a 
captive at her feet 

38. 
VICT. BRIT. P. M. TR. P. XIIII. COS. IIII. P. P. A similar type. 

2c 2 



388 CARACALLA. 

39. 
VICTORIAE. AVG. Victory, in a biga. 

40. 
VICTORIAE. BRITANNICAE. A similar type to No. 37. 

41. 
VICTORIAE. BRITTANNICAE. Two Victories suspending a buckler 
from a tree, at the foot of which are two captives. {Plate viiy No, 8). 

42. 

VIRTVS. AVGG. P. M The emperor in a military habit, 

standing near a trophy, at the foot of which are two captives. 

43, 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTOR. Rome, seated. 

Nos. 4 and 5 are by far the rarest types. Nos. 15, 34, and 42, are 
next in rarity; then Nos. 2, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 20, 23, 25, 29, and 30. 
The coins of Caracalla in first brass, when very fine, bring high prices, 
though with conmion reverses. One of this emperor, in first brass — 
legend, providentiae. deorvm. — ^perhaps the commonest reverse of 
Caracalla, brought 4/. U. at the sale of the Henderson collection. It was 
in very fine preservation. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ANN. AVGG. SAECVLI. FELICISSIMI. A female, with cornu- 
copia and ears of com, standing between the modius and ihe prow 

of a vessel. 

2. 

ARCVS. AVGG. The arch of Severus. 

3. 
AVGVSTI. COS. Two figures seated on an estrade, and two others 
standing. 

4. 

AVGVSTVS. COS. Several figures. (Mumnet) 

5. 
COS. LVDOS. SAECVL. FEC. Bacchus and Hercules, standing. 

6. 
FELICITAS. SAECVLI. Three figures seated on an estrade, and three 
others standing. 



CARACALLA. 389 

7. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVGG. IN. CARTH. Cybele, seated on a lion. 

8. 
lOVI. SOSPITATORI. A statue of Serapis, within a temple. 

9. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. COS. II. Two figures seated, and two 
others standing on an estrade. 

10. 
P. M. TR. P. XV. COS. III. P. P. An elephant, 

11. 
P. M. TR. P. XVI. IMP. 11. COS. nil. P. P. The emperor in a 
quadriga, crowned hy Victory. 

12. 
P. M. TR. P. XVII. IMP. III. COS. IIII. P. P. A military figure, 
standing, his right foot resting on arms. 

13. 
P. M. TR. P. XVIIII. (or XX.) COS. IIII. P. P. A Uon with radiated 
head, holding a thunder-holt in his mouth. 

14. 
Same legend. Diana driving a higa of hulls. 

15. 
P. M. TR. P. XX. COS. IIII. P. P. The Sun, in a quadriga. 

16. 
RECTOR. ORBIS. Jupiter standing, holdmg the hasta and a globe. 

17. 
RESTITVTOR. VRBIS. Rome seated. 

18. 
SEVERI. AVG. PII Sacrificial instruments. 

19. 
VIRTVS. AVGG. The emperor in a military habit, standing, holding 
a Victory, and crowned by Minerva. 

20. 
VOTA. SOL. DEC. PONTIF. TR. P. XI. COS. III. The emperor 
sacrificing on a tripod ; an assistant holding a hull, and a figure 
playing on the flute. 

No8. 2 and 3 areby far the rarest types. No. 1 is next in rarity; and 
Nos. 6 and 9 are rarer than the other numbers. 



390 CARACALLA. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FELICITAS. AVGG. FeUcity, standing 

2. 

P. M. TR. P. XVII. COS. IIII. P. P. The emperor in the toga, 

standini^ : a laurel hranch in his right hand ; the parazonium in his 

left. 

3. 

P. M. TR. P. XVII. COS. IIII. P. P. ApoDo seated, holding an olive 

hranch. 

4. 

P. M. TR. P. XVIII. COS. IIII. P. P. ^sculapius standing, between 

Telesphorus and a globe. 

5. 

P. M. TR. P. XVIIII. COS. IIII. P. P. Jupiter seated ; an eagle at 

his feet 

6. 

PONTIF. TR P. VIII. COS. II. Salus seated, feeding a serpent rising 

from an altar. 

7. 

PONTIF. TR. P. XII. COS. III. A female figure seated, with a cor- 
nucopia and patera. 

8. 

PONTIF. TR. P. XIII. COS. III. A similar type. 

9. 

PARTU. MAX. P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. A trophy : on each side, a 

captive. 

10. 

PROFECTIO. AVG. The emperor marching, followed by a soldier 

bearing a standard. 

11. 

PRIM. DECK S. C. A dub, within a garland. 

12. 
PRO VIDENTIAE. DEORVM. Providence standing, touching a globe 
with a sceptre, and holding the hasta. 

In furst and second brass, this type is common. 

13. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. The emperor standing, in the toga, sacrificing at a 
tripod, 



PLAUTIIXA. d91 

14. 
VOT. SVS. DEC. PON. TR. P. V. COS. A similar type. 

No. 11 18 very rare, and Nos. 9 and 10 are rarer than the othen. 

PLAUTILLA. 

[Fulvia Plautilla, daughter of Fulviiu Plautianiu, the favourite of Se- 
venu, waa married to Caracalla in the year of Rome 955 (A. D. 202). 
She was exiled hy her husband to Lipari in 956, and put to death by 
his order in 965 (A. D. 212)]. 

Style : PLAVTILLA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA.) 

Gold R6 

Silver C 

„ quinarii ..---------------R4 

First brass R8 

Second brass -----------------R2 

Third brass R3 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ANTONINVS. PI VS. AVG. Head of Caracalla. AR 

2. 
ANTON. P. AVG. PON. TR. P. V. COS. Head of Caracalla. - AU 

3. 
CONCORDIAE. Concord, seated. AU & AR 

4. 
Same legend. The emperor and Plautilla, joining hands. - - - AU 

5. 
CONCORDIAE. AETERNAE. A similar type. - - - AU & AR 

6. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. AU 

7. 
CONCORDIA. FELIX. A similar type. AU & AR 

8. 
DIANA. LVCIFERA. Diana Lucifera, standing. AR 



392 PLAUTILLA. 

9. 
HILARITAS. A female figure, standing. AR 

10. 
PI ETAS. AVGG. A woman standing, holding the hasta pura, and an 
infant on her arm. -------- ---- AU & AR 

11. 

PROPAGrO. IMPERI. The emperor and empress, joining hands. 

AU& AR 

12. 

V EN VS. FELIX. Venus, standing. {A qutnarhts). - - - - AR 

VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing, with Cupid by her side. - AU 

In gold. No. 2 is by far the rarest type ; the rarity of the other num- 
bers does not vary. In^ silver. No. 1 is extremely rare, as is also the 
quinarius, No. 12. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PROPAGO. IMPERI. Two figures, joining hands. 

2. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus and Cupid, as in the gold type. 

Mionnet values the first at 300, and the other at 100 francs. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. 

2. 
PIETAS. AVGG. A similar type to the gold and silver, No. 10. 

3. 
PROPAGO. IMPERI. Two figures, joining hands. 

4. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus-Victrix standing, leaning on a shield, and 
holding a globe and a palm branch : Cupid standing. 

No. 3 is an extremely rare type ; and No. 1 is much rarer than the 
others. Those with the head of Plautilla on each side are very rare. ' 




PLAUTILLA — GETA. 393 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIAE. A woman seated, holding a cornucopia and a patera. 

2. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus and Cupid, standing. 

GETA. 

[LuduSy or Publius Septimius Geta, the brother of Caracallai was bom 
at Mflan, about the year of Rome 942 (A. D. 189). He was created 
Caesar at the time that Caracalla was proclaimed Augustus. In 962 
his father conferred upon him the title of Augustus and the tribunitian 
power. Geta succeeded to the empire with his brother in 964 
(A. D. 211), by whom he was murdered in 965 (A. D. 212)]. 

Style : P. SEPT. GETA. GETA, CAES. {or CAESAR.) [On 

reverse, sometimes, restitvtor. vrbis, or princ. iwent.] 

SEPT. GETA. CAES. (or CAESAR.) L. SEPT. (or SEPTI- 

MIVS.) GETA. CAES. (or CAESAR.) [On reverse, sometimes, 

sEVERi. Fii. AVG. piL.] P. GETA. CAESAR. P. SEP. (or 

SEPT. or SEPTIM. or SEPTIMIVS.) GETA. C. (or CAES. or 
CAESAR.) [On reverse, sometimes, severi. pii. avo. pil. or 

SEVERI. INVICTI. AVO. PII. Fit. Or PRINC. IWENT. Or IWBNTVTVS. Or 

restitvtor. orbisO -IMP. CAE. P. SE. GETA. IMP. 

CAES. GETA. AVG. IMP. CAES. P. SEPT. GETA. AVG. 

IMP. CAE. P. SEPT, GETA. PIVS. AVG. P. SEPT. (or 

SEPTIMIVS.) GETA. PIVS. AVG. BRIT. [On reverse, some- 
times p. p.]. 

Geta had the prenomen Lucius from his father. He took that of 
Publius from his uncle, a Roman knight. Sometimes one of these 
names, and sometimes the other, is found on the coins of Geta ; but on 
some Greek coins, both names are found tc^ether. 

Gold R6 

Silver C 

„ quinarii ------- ---------R4 

Brass medallions ---------------R6 

First Brass R2 

Second brass -----------------C 

Third brass -- - R2 



394 GETA. 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor, on horseback AR 

2. 
ADVENTVS. A VGVSTL A aimiUr type. AR 

3. 
ANTONINVS. AVGVSTVS. Youthful laureated head of Cancalla, 
with the paludamentum. ......... AU & AR 

4. 
AETERNIT. IMPERL The laureated heads of Septimius Sevenis and 
CaracaUa, face to face, each with the paludamentum. - - AR 

5. 
CASTOR. One of the Dioscuri, standing by his horse. - AU & AR 

6. 
CONCORDIAE. AVGG. CaracaUa and Geta standing, in a military 
habit, joining hands* ------------- AU 

7. 
COS. Geta, in a quadriga. - - ' AU & AR 

8. 
FELICIA. TEMPORA. Four children, representing the Seasons. AR 

9. 
FELICITAS. PVBLICA. Felicity standing, with caduceua and 
cornucopia. -------------- AU & AR 

10. 

FELICITAS. TEMPOR. Two figures standing, joining hands. 

AU&AR 
11. 

Same legend. Felicity, standing. ---------- AU 

12. 
FID. EXERC. TR. P. III. COS. II. A female figure standing, wearing 
the stola, between two ensigns. ---------- AR 

13, 
FORT. RED. TR. P. III. COS. 11. P. P. Fortune, seated. - - AU 

14. 
lOVI. SOSPITATORL A statue of Jupiter, within a temple. - AR 

15. 
IVLIA. AVGVSTA. Head of Julia Domna. AR 



6ETA. 395 

16. 
LIB. AVGG. VI. £T. V. Caracalla and Geta on an estrade, and two 
figures below. --------------- AU 

17. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTORVM. LiberaUty, standing. - - AR 

^18. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. VI. A similar type. AR 

19. 
L. SEPT. SEVERVS. IMP. XI. PART. MAX. Head of Septimius 
Sevenis. -- -------------- AR 

20. 
MART. VICTOR. Mars, bearing a trophy. AR 

21. 
MINERVA. The goddess, standing. AR 

22. 
Same legend. A similar type. ----------- AR 

23. 
MINERVA. PACIFERA. COS. Minerva, marching. - - - AR 

24. 
MINERV. SANCT. Minerva, standing AU 

25. 
MINER. VICTRIX. MinervarVictrix, standing by a trophy. AU&AR 

26. 
MINERVAE. VICTRICI. Minerva, marching. (KheU). - - AR 

27. 
NOBILITAS. A female figure in the stola, standing, holding a spear 
in her right hand, and a small figure in her left - - - - AR 

28. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A qmiutirim). -----. AR 

29. 
PART. MAXIM. TR. P. Villi. Two captives, at the foot of a trophy. 

AR 

30. 

PIETAS. A female figure wearing the stola, sacrificing. - - - AR 



396 GETA. 

31. 
PONTIF. COS. II. The three emperors, on an estrade. - - - AR 

32. 
Same legend. Geta, in a quadriga. ---------- AR 

33. 
Same legend. The emperor on horseback, trampling down a captive. AR 

34. 
Same legend. Minerva, seated before a tree, holding a serpent in her 
right hand, and a spear in her left; an owl standing on a shield. 

AU 

35. 

Same legend. A woman seated, and two children. ----- AU 

36. 
Same legend. A woman in the stola, holding the hasta in her right 
hand, and fruit in her rohe ; two children, standing. - - - AU 

37. 
Same legend. The emperor standing, in the toga, holding a globe. AR 

38. 
Same legend. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing at a tripod. - AR 

39. 
PONTIFEX. COS. The helmed head of Minerva. AR 

40. 
Same legend. Minerva, seated; an owl on her right hand, and the 
hasta pura in her left. ------------ AR 

41. 
PONTIF. TR. P. COS, II. The emperor on horseback, trampling 
down an enemy. -------- ------ AR 

42. 
PONTIF. TR. P. II. COS. II. A woman standing, with caduceus and 
cornucopia. --------------- AU 

43. 
Same legend. A woman, standing; two children at her feet. - - AU 

44. 
PRINC. IVVENT. (or IVVENTVTIS.) Geta, standmg by a trophy. 

AU 

45. 

PRINC. IVVENT. Gete, standing. AR 



GETA. 397 

46, 
PRINC. IVVENT. COS. Three horaemen. AU 

This type, highly preserved, brought 14/. 10«. at the Trattle sale. 

47. 
RESTITVTOR. VRBIS. The emperor, Bacrificing. - - - - AR 

48. 
Same legend. Rome seated ; the palladium in her right hand, and a 
spear in her left. -------------- AR 

49. 
ROM A£. AETERNAE. Statue of Rome, seated within a temple. AR 

50. 
SALVTI. AVG. COS. III. Salus, saciificing at an altar, from which a 
serpent is rising. -------------- AR 

51. 
SECVRIT. IMPERI. Security standing, leaning on a column. - AR 

52. 
Same legend, Security, seated on a throne, with a globe in her right 
hand. AU & AR 

53. 
SECVRIT. ORBIS. Security, seated. AR 

54. 
SEVERI. INVICTI. AVG. PII. FIL. Bust of Geta, with radiated 
head and coat of mail ; the right hand shewn. ----- AU 

55. 
SPEI. PERPETVAE. A similar type. AR 

56. 
SPES. PVBLICA. Hope, walking. AU 

57. 
TEMPOR. FELICITAS. within a garland. AR 

58. 
TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. The emperor trampling on an enemy. AU 

59. 
Same legend. The emperor standing, in the toga: before, Rome seated. 

AU 

60. 

Same legend. Jupiter, standing. ---------- AR 



396 GETA. 

61. 

TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. Janua-Bifrons, standing : his right hand on 
a javelin reversed, a thunderbolt in his left. ---... aR 

62. 
VICTORIAE. BRIT. Victory marching, with a trophy. 

63. 
Same legend. Victory standing, holding a branch and the hasta. 

64. 
Same legend. Victory standing, holding a garland and a palm-branch. 

65. 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTOR. Rome, seated. AR 

66. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. Several figures, sacrificing. AR 

67. 
Same legend. Three figures sacrificing at an altar, at the foot of which 
lies a victim. --------------- AU 

In gold, Nos. 3, 16, and 46, are much the rarest types; and Nos. 5, 
6, 7, 9, 34, 36, 54, 58, 59, and 67, are much rarer than the remaining 
numbers. In silver, Nos, 3, 4, 8, 15, 19, 31, and 49, are veiy rare; Nos. 
1, 2, 7, 14, 28, 29, 32, 39, and 63, are much rarer than the remaining 
numbers. The least rare, are Nos. 5, 9, 10, 12, 18, 21, 22, 23, 25, 27, 
37, 38, 45, 48, 52, and 60. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. The three Monetae, standing. 

2. 
CONCORDIA. MILIT. Geta, in a military habit, in the midst of six 
standards. 

The diameter of this medallion varies. 

3. 

PONTIF. COS. II. Rome, seated. 

4. 

PRINC. I WENT Three horsemen. 

Mionnet values the above at from 100 to 150 francs. The last is the 
rarest 



GETA. 399 

^RST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. The three Monets. 

2. 
CASTOR. One of the Dioscuri, standing hy his hone. 

3, 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. Caracalla and Geta, sacrificing at a 

tripod. 

4. 

CONCORDIAE. AETERNAE. (or CONCORDIAE. AVGG.). Ca- 
racalla and Geta standing, in military hahits, joining hands, and 

crowned hy two figures. 

. 5. 

FELICITAS. TEMPOR. Felicity, standing. 

6. 
FORT. RED. TR. P. III. COS. II. (or III.) P. P. Fortune, seated. 

7. 
lOVI. SOSPITATORI. Statue of Jupiter, standing, within a temple. 

8. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. VI. £T. V. Caracalla and Geta, on an 
estrade, distributing gifts to two figures below. 

9. 

PONTIF. TR. P. II. COS. II. Caracalla and Geta, in the toga, 

sacrificing at a tripod : a victim lying down, and a figure playing on 

the flute. 

10. 

Same l^;end. Caracalla and Geta, in military habits, joining hands, 

each crowned by a naked male figure. 

11. 
Same legend. Victoiy, crowning two figures. 

12. 

Same legend. The emperor, standing, in the midst of four soldiers : a 

captive at his feet 

13. 

Same legend. Geta haranguing his soldiers. 

14. 
PRINC. IVVENT. COS. Three (or five) figures on horseback. 



400 GETA. 

15. 
SECVLARIA. SACRA. Severus, Caracalla, and Geta, in the toga, 
sacrificing before a temple : a female figure on each side ; one, 
playing on a lyre, the other on a flute : a rivei>god seated. 

16. 
Same legend. Three figures sacrificing before a temple. 

17. 
TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. A female figure, seated on a throne, 
holding a sceptre and a cornucopia ; a figure seated at her feet, and 
a winged genius under the throne. . 

18. 
VICT. BRIT. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. Victory standing with her 
hand on a trophy, to which a female is bound : a captive seated on 

the ground. 

19. 

VICT. BRIT. TR, P. III. COS. II. Victory seated on arms, mscribing 

on a buckler. 

20. 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTORVM. Caracalla and Geta standing, joining 
hands, and supporting a globe ; the first in the toga, the other in a 
military habit : Victory between them, holding a large garland above 
their heads : at their feet a captive with his hands bound behind him. 

' 21. 

VICTORIAE. AETERNAE. AVGG. Caracalla and Geta standing, 
joining hands, and crowned by Victory. 

22. 

VICTORIAE. AVGG. Victory in a biga. 

23. 
VICTORIAE. BRITANNICAE. Victory erecting a trophy, at the 
foot of which is a female bound, and a captive seated on the ground. 

24. 
Sam^ legend. Two Victories holding a buckler, attached to a palm tree. 

25. 
Same legend. Two Victories suspending a buckler from a palm tree ; at 
the foot of which, are two captives. 

26. 
VICTORIAE. BRITANNICAE. Victory seated on arms, inscribing 
on a buckler, which she rests on her knees. 




GETA. 401 

27. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. Geta standing in the toga, sacrificing. 

Nos. 2, 7, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, and 20 (particularly 13 and 20), are 
extremely rare types. The next in rarity are Nos. 10, 16, 22, 23, 24, 
and 25. Of the remaining numbers, 1, 4, 8, 9, 11, 21, are much the 
rarest Those, the legends of which relate to this country, are of course 
much yahied in England; and, when in fine preservation, bring high 
prices. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH BARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITATI. PVBLICAE. Equify, standmg. 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. Geta, on horseback. 

3. 
CASTOR. One of the Dioscuri, standing by his horse. 

4. 
CONCORDIA. MILIT. A woman, standing between six standards. 

5. 

DII. PATRII. Hercules and Bacchus, standing; a panther on the 

ground. 

6. 

FELICITAS. SAECVLI. Severus, Geta, and Caracalla, on an estrade, 

and two figures, standing. 

7. 

Same legend. Felicity, standing. 

8. 

PONTIFEX. COS. A temple : within, a statue of a naked male figure, 

his hand resting on a staff, round which a serpent is entwined ; on 

each side, a serpent. 

9. 

PONTIF. COS. II. Geta in the toga, sacrificing. 

10. 
PONTIF. TR. P. II. COS. II. Geta in a military habit, crownmg a trophy. 

11. 
PRINCIP. IVVENT. COS. Three figures, on horseback. 

VOL. I. 2 I> 



402 OETA — MACRINUS. 

12. 
PRINCIP. IVVENT. COS. Five horsemen. 

13. 
SAECVLARIA. SACRA. Thre figures, sacrificiiig before a temple. 

14. 
SECVRITAS. IMPERI. Security, seated before an altw. 

15. 
SEVERI. FIX. AV6. FIL. Sacrificial instruments. 

16. 

VICT. BRIT. TR. P. III. COS. II. Victory seated on arms, inscribing 

on a buckler. 

17. 

VICTORIAE. AVGG. Victory in a biga. 

18. 
VICTORIAE. AVGVSTORVM. A similar type to the first brass, 
No. 20. 
Nos. 2, 8, 12, and 18 are the rarest types. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FELICITAS. PVBLICA. FeUcity, standing. 

2. 
FELICITAS. TEMPOR. A similaT type. 

3. 

IVLIA. AyCVSTA. Head of Julia Domna. {Caidhgue d^Ennery, 

page 6(A). 

4. 

PONTIF. COS. II. Bonus-Eventus, standing before an altar. 

5. 
PRINC. IVVENT. Geta, in a miUtaiy habit, standmg before a trophy. 

No. 3 is extremely rare. 

MACRINUS. 

[Marcus Opelius Severus Macrinus, was bom at Caesarea in Mauritania, 
of obscure parents, in the year of Rome 917 (A. D. 164). He was 
praefect of the Praetorian soldiers under Caracalla; and, having been 



MACRINUS. 403 

bfonned that it was the intention of that emperor to destroy him, he 
caused Caracalla to be assassioated, when the soldiers proclaimed 
Macrinus emperor, 970 (A. D. 217). Macrinus was slain in the 
following year, after losing a battle against Elagabalus, who had been 
elected emperor by the anny in Syria]. 

Sltle : ^M. OP£L. SEV. M ACRINVS. AVG. [On reverse, some- 
times, p. p.] IMP, OPE. MACRINVS. AVG. 1. OP. SEV. 

MACRINVS. AVG. IMP. M. OPEL. MACRINVS. AV. (or 

AVG.) IMP. M. OPEL. SEV. MACRINVS. AVG. IMP. 

CAES. MACRINVS. AVG. IMP. CAES. M. OPEL. MA- 
CRINVS. AVG. IMP. C. (or CAES.) M. OP. (or OPEL.) 

SEV. MACRINVS. AVG. [On reverse, often, f. p.] IMP. 

M. OPEL. SEV. MACRINVS. P. AVG. 

Gold R6 

„ quinarii ----- --.-.-118 

Silver Rl 

„ large size ----------------R2 

Brass medallions --....----.. -..Rs 

First brass - R2 

Second brass ------ --.-...--.-Ri 

Third brass (doubtful if any) 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVG. Equity, standing. AU & AR 

2. 
ANNONA. Anona seated, holding a cornucopia and ears of com : the 
modius at her feet ----------- AU & AR 

3. 
COS. II. Victoiy, marching. (A qumarim), (See KheH), - - AU 

4. 
FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. Felicity standing, with a cornucopia and 
caduceus. -------------- AU & AR 

5. 
Same legend, A similar type. (Large size.) ..---- AR 

6. 
FIDES. MILITVM. A female figure, holding two standards. AU&AR 

2d 2 



404 MACRINU8. 

7. 
FIDES. MILITVM. A female figure, and four standards. (Large 
size). ------------------ AR 

8. 
lOVI. CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, standing. - - - - AU & AR 

9. 
Same legend. (Large size). ------------ AR 

10. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. A female figure, standing. - - - - AR 

11. 
IMP. C. M. OPEL. SEV. MACRINVS. AVG. Laureatcd head of 
Macrinus to the right, with the paludamentum. — Rev, LIBERA- 
LITAS. The emperor and his son, seated on an estrade, attended 
by Liberality, with a tessera and cornucopia, and another figure : a 
third figure below, holding up his robe to receive the gift Unpub- 
luked, in the Cabinet of T. Thomas, Esq. ( Vignette, page 406> AU 

12. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A female figure standmg, with cornu- 
copia and caduceus ; the modius at her feet. - - - AU & AR 

13. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor, seated on the ciurule chair 
holding a globe in his right hand, and a wand in his left. - - AR 

14. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. COS. P. P. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent 
rising from an altar. ------------- AR 

15. 
Same legend. A female figure, leaning on a column. - - - - AR 

16. 
Same legend. A female figure, holding two standards. - AU & AR 

17. 
Same legend. A female figure, standing, with cornucopia and caduceus. 

AR 

18. 

Same legend. A female figure, seated, holding a cornucopia and ears 
of com : the modius at her feet ------- AU & AR 

19. 
Same legend. Jupiter standing, holding a thunderbolt and the hasta. AR 



MACRINUS. 405 

20. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. P. P. Felicity, standing, holding a long 
caduceos and a cornucopia. ----------- AR 

21. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. (or COS. P. P.) The 
emperor in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. - . - AU & AR 

22. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. Jupiter standing, holding 
the hasta and a thunderbolt. ---------- AR 

23. 
Same legend. Felicity standing, holding a long caduceus and a cor- 
nucopia. -------------- AU&AR 

24. 
Same legend. A female figure, holding two standards. - - - AR 

25. 
Same legend. A female figure seated, with a cornucopia and ears of 
com : the modius at her feet -------- AU H? AR 

26. 
Same legend. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent rising from an altar. AU 

27. 
FROVIDENTIA. DEORVM. A woman in the stola, holding a 
sceptre and a cornucopia : a globe at her feet ----- AR 

28. 
SALVS. PVBLICA. Hygeia standing, feeding a serpent AU & AR 

29. 

Same legend. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent rising from an altar. 

AU&AR 
30. 

Same legend. A similar type. (Laige size). ....-- AR 

31. 
SECVRITAS. TEMPORVM. Security, seated before an altar with 
the fire kindled. -------------- AU 

32. 

Same legend. A similar type. (Large size.) ....-- AR 

33. 
Same legend. Security, leaning on a colunm, and holding the hasta. 

AU& AR 



406 HACRIHU8. 



VICTORIA. PARTHICA. Victory nurcUng, with gailand and palm- 
brancL --..-----------.- AR 



VICT. PART. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. Victory, mwching. 

AR 

VICT. PART. P. M. TR. P. COS. II. Victoiy, between two bncklen. 



VOTA. PVBL. P. M. TR. P. Secnritr, holdug a M»ptre, tealed 
■ before an altar. - AU 



VOTA. PVBL. P. M. TR. P. Jupiter, itandiug, boldmg the Ihmida- 
bolt and the hatta: a small figure by liu side. - - - • • AR 

39. 
Same l^end. A woman in the atola, standing between four enilgiu. 

AR 
40. 
Sane l^nd. A woman ttaudiug, holding a cadnceiu and the haita. 

AR 
41. 
Same l^end. Hygeia teated, feeding a serpent riring from an altar. 

{Lai^ dzc). - - AR 

In gold, No. 21 is extremely rare^ the next in rarity ia No. 36. In 
nl?«T, No. 21 i> extremely rare. No. 41 is rarer than the remaining 
ninnbert. 



MACRINUS. 407 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

ADLOCVTIP. The emperor and his son on an estrade, addressing 

four soldiers. 

2. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. COS. IL P. P. A fiemale in the stola, 
standings holding a caduceus and a cornucopia* 

These medallions are valued by Mionnet at 400 francs each. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AV6. Equity, standing. 

2. 

ANNONA. A feiude figare seated, holding a cornucopia and ears of 

com. 

3. 

FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. Felicity standing, holding a long caduceus 

and a cornucopia. 

4. 

FIDES. MILITVM. A woman, standing between four military 

ensigns. 

Same legend. A woman, standing between two ensigns. 

6. 

lOVI. CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, holding a thunderbolt and the 

hasta. 

7. 

Same legend. Jupiter standing, with thunderbolt and hasta; a small 

figure by his side. 

8. 

LIBERALITAS. AVG. Liberality, standing. 

9. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTL Macrinus and his son, seated on an 

estrade, and Liberality standing : a figure in the toga, at the foot of 

the estrade. 

10. 

P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A woman in the stola, standing, holding 

a cornucopia and ears of com ; the modius at her feet 



408 MACRIMUS. 

11. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor, seated on a cumle chair; 
a globe in bis right hand, and a staff in his left. 

12. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. The emperor, haranguing his soldiers. 

13. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. COS. P. P. A female figure in the stola, 
standing, holding a cornucopia and caduceus. 

14. 
Same legend, Security, leaning on a column, and holding the hasta. 

15. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR, P. COS. P. P. A female figure, holding two 

standards. 

16. 

Same legend, A female figure, seated before an altar, holding a patera 

and a cornucopia. 

17. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR, P. P. P. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent 

rising fix>m an altar. 

18. 

Same legend. Jupiter standing, holding the thunderbolt and the hasta. 

19. 
Same legend. A female figure, standing, with cornucopia and caduceus. 

20. 
Same legend. A woman, holding two standards. 

21. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR, P. II. COS. P. P. A female figure standing, with 

a cornucopia and caduceus. 

22. 

Same legend. A female figure, holding two standards. 

23. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR, P. II. COS. II. P. P. The emperor in a 
quadriga, crowned by Victory. 

24. 
PROVIDENTIA. DEORVM. Providence, standing, holding a cornu- 
copia, and touching a globe resting on the ground. 

25. 
SAL VS. PVBLICA. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent rising from an 
altar. 



MACRINUS. 409 

26. 
SECVRITAS. TEMPORVM. Security, holding the hasta, and leaning 
on a column. 

27. 
Same legend. Security, seated hefore an altar. 

28. 
VICTORIA. PARTH IC A. Victory, seated, holding a huckler. 

29. 
VICT. PART. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. Victory, seated on 

arms, holding a huckler. 

30. 
VOTA. PVBL. P. M. TR. P. Jupiter, standmg; a child by his side. 

31. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. A female figure, seated before an altar. 

Nos. 9, 12, and 23, are extremely rare. The next in rarity are Nos. 
3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 24, 28, 29, 30, and 31. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ANNONA. AVG. A female figure seated, holding ears of com, and a 
cornucopia ; the modius alt her feet 

2. 
FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. FeUcity, standing, holding a long ca- 
ducous and the hasta (or a cornucopia). 

3. 
FIDES. MILITVM. A female figure, holding two standards. 

4. 

lOVI. CONSERVATORY Jupiter, standing, holding the hasta and 
a thunderbolt : a small figure by his side. 

5. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. A female figure, standing, holding a 
cornucopia and ears of com ; the modius at her feet. 

6. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. P. P. Jupiter, standing, holding the thunder- 
bolt and the hasta. 



410 MACRINU8. 

7. 
PONTIF, MAX. TR. P. IL COS. II. P. P. A similar type. 

8. 
Same legend. Security, holding ihe hasta, and leaning on a column. 

9. 
Same legend. A female figure in the stola, standingy holding a oomu* 

copia and a cadnceus. 

10. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. The emperor in a car 
drawn by four horses, crowned by Victory. 

11. 
S ALVS. PVBLICA. Salus seated, feeding a serpent rising firom an altar. 

12. 
SEC VRITAS. TEMPOR VM. Security, resting her elbow on a column ; 
her right hand holding the hasta. 

13. 
Same legend. Security, seated ; a sceptre in her right hand, and her 
left supporting her head. 

14. 
VICT. PART. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. IL P. P. Victoiy, seated 
on a heap of arms, holding a buckler, resting on her knees. 

15. 
VOTA. PVBL. P. M. TR. P. Salus, seated, feeding a serpent rising 

firom an altar. 

16. 
Same legend. Security, seated near an altar. 

17. 
Same legend. A woman, standing in ihe midst of four ensigns. 

No. 10 is ihe rarest type. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSE. 

VICTORIA. PARTHICA. Victoiy marching, wiih garland and palm 
branch. 

The coins of Macrinus in third brass, appear to be cast in moulds 
formed from the silver. 



DIADUMENIANUS. 41 1 



DIADUMENIANUS. 

MarcuB Opelius DtadumenianuB, son of Maciinus and Nonia Celsa, was 
bom in the year of Rome 961 (A. D. 208), and declared Caesar by his 
father in 970, when he took the name of Antoninus. In the same 
year he received the title of Augustus. Diadumenianus was slain by 
the soldiers of Elagabalus in the following year, a short time after the 
death of his &ther, 971 (A. D. 218)]. 

Style : M.OP. (or OPEL.) DIADVMENIANVS. CAE. (or CAES.) 

[On reverse, often, pkxmc. ivyentvtis.] M. OPEL. ANT. {or 

ANTONIN. or ANTONINVS.) DIADV. (or DIADVMEN. or 
DIADVMENIAN. or DIADVMENIANVS.) C. (or CAES. [On 
reverse, sometimes, princ. ivvemtvtis.]— C. OPEL. ANTONI- 
NVS. DIADV. M. OP. DIADVMENIAN. AVG. (on a colonial 

ann.) M. OPEL. DIADVMENVS. (tic) AV. 

The last legend is found on a colonial coin; and has not been 
explained. The tide of Augustus, on the coins of this prince, is found 
only on those struck out of Rome. 

Gold R8 

„ qulnarii --------------- --R8 

Silver R4 

„ large size ----------------R6 

Brass medallions ---------------R5 

First brass R4 

Second brass -----------------R2 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

FIDES. MILITVM. A woman in the stola, standing in the midst 
of fimr ensigns. -------------- AR 

2. 

PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. Diadumenian, standing in a military habit, 
holding an ensign in his right hand, and a spear in his left. (A 
qumarius, ( Cabinet of Vienna). .----.--- AU 

3. 
Same legend. The prince, standing ; two standards. - - AU & AR 



41 2 Dl ADUMEN IAN US. 

4. 
Same legend. A simQar type. .----...... AR 

This has ihe head with radiated crown, and is of the kuger size. 

5. 

Same legend. The prince, standing in the midst of three ensigna. 

AU&AR 
6. 

SPES. Hope. (A qutfiarku), ----------- ^y 

7, 
SPES. PVBLICA. A similar type. AU&AR 

In gold, Nos. 3, 5, and 7, are much the rarest In silver, No. 4 is by 
far the rarest; and No. 1 is much rarer than the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLION. 

PRINC. lYYENTYTIS. The prince, standing in the midst of three 
ensigns. 
Valued by Mionnet at sixty francs. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. The prince, standing in a military habit, 
holding a sceptre and a spear : three military standards in the field. 
This type, fine, brought 4L lOs. at the sale of the Morton collection, in 
1830, Another coin, well preserved, brought 3/. 4«. at the Henderson sale. 

2.. 

Same legend. The prince, standing, holding a spear and standard : two 

standards in the field. 

3. 
SPES. Hope. 

4. 

SPES. PVBLICA. Hope. 
The rarest types are Nos. 1, 3, and 4. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 
PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. Similar types to those of the first brass, 

2. 
SPES. PVBLICA. Hope, 

No. 2 is the rarest. 



ELAGABALUS. 418 

ELAGABALUS, or HELIOGABALUS. 

[Varius AYitus Basaanus, son of S. V. Marcellus and Julia Soaemias, the 
sister of Julia Domna, was bom at Emesa in Syria, about the year of 
Rome 958 (A. D. 205). This emperor was, in his youth, made a 
priest of Elagabalus (or the sun), who had a temple at Emesa. The 
legions of Syria proclaimed him emperor in 971 (A. D. 218), when, 
having represented himself as a son of Caracalla, he took the names 
of Marcus Aorelius Antoninus.* After a short reign of frightful 
debauchery and extravagance, he was, with his mother, slain by the 
soldiers; who afterwards proclaimed his cousin, Severus Alexander, 
emperor, in the year of Rome 975 (A. D. 222)]. 

Style : C. M. AVR. ANTONINVS. IMP. M. AVR. ANTO- 

NINVS. IMP. C. M. AVR, ANTONINVS. M. AV. 

ANTONIN. AVG. IMP. ANTONINVS. AVG. [On reverse, 

sometimes, p. p.] IMP. M. ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. 

CAES. ANTONINVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] 

IMP. CAES. M. ANTONINVS. AVG. IMP. C. {or CAES.) 

M. AV. (or AVR.) ANTON, or ANTONIN. or ANTONINVS. 

A. or AV. or AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] IMP. C. 

M. AVR. ANTONINVS. PIVS. IMP. ANTONINVS. PIVS. 

AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p. or conservator, avg. (or 

SVMMVS. SACERDOS. AVG. Or INVICTVS. SACERDOS. AVG. Of SACERDOS. 

DEI. soLis. ELAGAB.] IMP. CAES. M. AVR. ANTONINVS. 

PIVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p. (or invictvs. sacerdos. 

AVG. or SACERD. Or SACERDOS. DEI. SOLIS. ELAGAB.] IMP. C. M. 

AVR. ANTONINVS. AVG. PIVS. ^ANTONINVS. PIVS. 

FEL. (or FELIX.) AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] M. 

AVREL. ANTONINVS. P. F. AVG. IMP. C. AVR. ANTO. 

P. F. AVG. IMP. C. (or CAES.) M. AVR. ANTONINVS. 

P. F. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] ANTONINVS. 

V.f PIVS. FEL. AVG. 



* *' This monster," say^ the learned Tristan, " had as many names as the 
Hydra had heads." 

f This letter, or numeral, following the name of Antoninus, has been 
commented upon by various numismatic writers. The coin upon which it 
appears, is of silver, and was formerly in the cabinet of the Abb6 Rothelin, 
whence it passed to that of the King of Spain. It bears on the obverse, the 
laureated head of Elagabalus : and, on the rererae, the emperor, sacrificing ; 
legend, vota. pvblica. Numerals of this description are never found on 



414 ELAGABALUS. 

Gold R2 

Silver C 

„ laige size ----------------S 

„ quinarii ------------ ----R4 

Brass medallions ---------------R5 

First brass R2 

Second brass ------ -----------S 

Third brass Rl 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. AR 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVG VSTL A similar type. AU 

In fine preservation, brought 41, at the Trattle sale in 1832. 

3. 
CONSERVATOR. AVG. An eagle, with wings expanded, standing 
before a conicalnihaped stone, ornamented with stars, and placed on 
a quadriga : a star in the field. (Plate vu, No. 7). - - - AU 

This conical-shaped stone was the emperor's deity Elagabalus, or 
Heliogabalus, to whom he raised altars at Rome, despoiling the tem^es 
of the other gods to enrich that of his favourite idol.* 

Brought, very fine, 3^ 6«. at Mr. Miles's sale in 1820. At Mr. 
Henderson's sale, very fine, 6/L 16«. 6dL 



Roman coins ; and Bimaid, in bis commentaries on Jobert's Sdence de 
MedaUlet, is of opinion that it is a superabundant letter, owing to a blander of 
the engraver of the dye. Eckhel, however, thinks otherwise, and oonaideis that 
it was employed by Elagabalus to shew that he did not reckon among the 
Antonines, Diadumenian, who had taken that name, and whom he regarded not 
only as the son of a usurper, but as a usurper himself. Six of the emperora 
bore the name of Antoninus: namely, Antoninu^ Pius, Marcus-Aurelius, 
Commodus, CaracaUa, Diadumenian, and Elagabalus ; so that, if DiadumeniaD 
be not reckoned as one of them, Elagabalus would be the fifth. 

* The gods of the ancient Greeks were originally worshipped under sacb 
forms; so that the veneration of Elagabalus for his block of stone, is not 
deserving of the ridicule it has met with. In a superstitious age, the feeling 
was natural enough. 

" Ces peuples (the Greeks) avoient d6ja trente Divinit^s r6v6r^ risiblement 



ELAGABALU8. 415 

4. 
CONSERVATOR. AVG. The Sun, marching : a star in the field. AR 

5. 
CONSVL. 11. P. P. Roma-Victrix, seated. AR 

6. 
Same legend. The emperor, standing in a chariot drawn by four 
liorses. ------------ AU 

In fine preservation, brought 4/. 17«. at the Tratde sale. 

7. . 
COS. III. p. p. A conical-shaped stone, with stars : before, an eagle, 
with wings expanded, holding a garland in its beak. - - - AR 

8. 
FELICITAS. TEMP. A galley. AR 

9. 
FIDES. EXERCITVS. A woman, holding a bird, standing between 
two military ensigns. -----.--...-. AR 

10. 

FIDES. MILITVM. The emperor, standing, and two soldiers. 

AU&AR 
11. 

HILARITAS. AVG. A woman, standing, with a child on each side. 

AR 
12. 

IN VICTVS. SACERDOS. AVG. The emperor, sacrificing on a tripod : 

a star in the field. AU&AR 



dans le terns qu'on ne les repi^sentoient pas encore sous des formes humaines, 
et qu'on se contentoit de les designer, soit par tm bloc informer soit par one 
pierre cnbique, comme faisoient les Arabes et les Amazones : ces trente pierres 
se Toyoient encore a Fh6r6e, ville d'Arcadie, au siecle de Pausanias. Telle 
etoit la forme de la Junon de Thespis, et celle de la Diane d'Icare. De meme 
la Diane Patroa, et le Jupiter Milichius de Sicyone, ainsi que I'ancienne Venus 
de Paphos, n'^toient que des especes de colcnnes. Bacchus fut r6v6r6 sous la 
forme d'une colonne i TAmour mdme, et les Graces ne f^jrent repr^sent^ que 
par des pienes. C'est poor cela que le mot de KlON, colonne, signifioit 
encore une statue dans les plas beaux siecles de la Grece. Chez les LacM^ 
moniens Castor et Pollux avoient la forme de deux morceaux de bois paralleles, 
joints par deux baguettes de traverse ; et cette ancienne figure 8*est conserve 
jusqu'a nous par le signe IT qui d^ote ces freres g^meaux du Zodiaque."— 
fflnkelnuuh de rOrigine de VArt, liv. i. chap. i. The representation of these 
conical-shaped stones appears on many Imperial Greek coins. 



416 ELAGABALUS. 

13. 
lOYI. CONSERVATOR!. Jupiter, standing, and two ensigns, AR 

14. 
Same legend. A similar type. (Large size). -.-... AR 

15. 
Same legend. Jupiter standing, and one ensign. - - . . - AR 

16. 
lOVI. VICTORI. The emperor, standing; a tbunder-bolt in his right 
hand, an eagle at his feet: behind him, two standards. - - AR 

17. 
IVLIA. AQVILIA. SEV. (or SEVERA.) AVG. Head of Aquilia- 
Severa. ---------------- - AU 

There are modem fabrications of this coin. That with the head of 
Julia Maesa is suspected. 

IVLIA. SOAEMI AS. AVG. Head of JuUa Soaemias. - - - AR 

19. 
LIB. AVG. II. COS. II. P. P. The emperor seated, and three figures 
standing. ---------------- AU 

20. 
LIB. AVG. II. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. The emperor, seated 
on an estrade; Liberality standing by: a figure ascending the 
estrade. ----------------- AU 

21. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. IL Liberality, standing. AR 

22. 
LIBERTAS. AVG. Liberty, standing. (A jwnorm*). - - - AR 

23. 
LIBERTAS. AVGVSTI. Liberty, seated. AR 

24. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars marching, with a trophy and a spear. - AU 

25. 
PAX. AVGVSTL Peace, marching. AR 

26. 
P. M. TR. P. IL COS. IL P. P. Roma-Victrix, seated. - - - AU 



ELAGABALUS. 417 

27. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. AU 

28. 
Same l^;end. The emperor, in a quadriga: a star in the field. - AU 

29. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. III. P. P. The emperor in the toga, seated on 
a curule chair, and holding the hasta and a glohe. ... - AU 

In fine preservation, hrought 6/. Ss. Gd, at the Tratde sale. 

30. 
Another, with a similar type, and with a star in the field. - - - AU 

31. 
Same legend. The emperor in a quadriga, crowned hy Victory. - AR 

32. 
P. M. TR, P. IIII. COS. III. P. P. The Sun, standing, holding a 
glohe and a whip: a star in the field. ........ AU 

33. 
Same legend. The emperor sacrificing: two spears (or standards) in 
the field, and a star. -..----...-.- AR 

34. 

Same legend. Victory marching, with a garland; two bucklers at her 

feet: a star in the field. -.---.--.-- AU 

35. 

P. M. TR. P. V. COS. IIII. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

AU&AR 
36. 

Same legend. The emperor, sacrificing : a star in the field. - - AR 

37. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. Roma-Victrix, seated. AU 

38. 
SACERD. DEI. SOLIS. ELAGAB. The emperor, sacrificing: a star 
in the field. ---------------- AR 

39. 
SALVS. ANTONINI. AVG. Hygeia standing, feeding a serpent. AU 

40. 
SANCT. DEO. SOLI. ELAGABAL. A quadriga; above, a conical- 
shaped stone, bearing an eagle with expanded wings, in the midst 
of four standards. -.-------.-- AU & AR 

VOL. I. 2 E 



418 ELAGABALUS. 

41. 
SECVRITAS. SAECVLI. Security, seated. AR 

42. 
SPEI. PERPETVAE. Hope. AR 

43. 
SYMMVS. SACERDOS. AVG. The emperor sacrificing : a star in the 
field. AR 

44. 
TRIB. P. II. COS. 11. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. - - AU 

45. 
TR. POT. II. COS. II. P. P. A similar type. (KheU). - - - AU 

46. 
VICTORIA. ANTONINI. AVG. Victory marching, with palm branch 
and garland. --------------- AU 

This type, very fine, brought 5/. 2s. 6d, at the sale of the Dimsdale 

collection in 1824. 

47. 

Same legend. Same type. (A qumariut), .---... AR 

48. 
VOTA. PVBLICA. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing. - - AR 

In gold, No. 17 is extremely rare. Mionnet values it at 600 francs. 
Nos. 3, 10, 19, 20, and 27, are next in rarity ; and Nos. 2, 6, 28, 35, 40, 
44, and 45, are rarer than the other numbers. In silver. No. 18 ia 
extremely rare ; the next in rarity are Nos. 10 and 31 ; then Nos. 7, 16, 
22, 40, and 18. Nos. 1 and 35 are rarer than the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Monetae, standing. 

This medallion is formed of two metals ; copper and brass, 

2. 
CONSERVATOR. AVGVSTI. COS. IIII. A conical-shaped stone, 
bearing the figure of an eagle, with expanded wings, placed on a 
quadriga : a star in the field. 

3. 
FIDES. EXERCITVS. S. C. A woman seated, between two standards. 




ELAGABALUS. 419 

4. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. III. P. P. Tlie emperor in a triumphal car, 
drawn by four horses. 

This medallion is of a very large size, and composed of two metals. 

No. 4 is much the rarest. Nob. 1 and 3 are much less rare than the 
others. 

[ELAGABALUS AND SEVERA]. 

IMP. ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. IVL. AQVILIA. SEVERA. AVG. 
The heads of Elagabalus and his wife Severa, face to face. — Rev. 
SPES. PVBLICA. Hope. 

This very rare medallion has a large fluted border. Mionnet values 
it at 300 francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSE& 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Monetae, standing. 

2. 
AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. A nmilar type. 

3. 
ADVENTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor, on horseback. 

4. 
FIDES. EXERCITVS. A female flgure seated, between two standards. 

5. 
FORTVNAE, REDVCI. Fortune, standing. 

6. 

INVICTVS. SACERDOS. AVG. The emperor sacrificing : a star in 

the field. 

7. 

LIBERAL. AVG. II. P. M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. The emperor 

seated on an estade, distributing ^ifts. 

8. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. II. (or HI.). LiberaU^, stondii^: a 

star in the field. 

9. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. III. Three figures on an estrade. 

2e 2 



420 ELAGABALUS. 

10. 
LIBERTAS. A VGVSTI. Liberty, standing : a star in the field. 

11. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars, marching. 

12. 
PAX. AVGVSTI. Peace, marching. 

13. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. Roma-Victrix seated. 

14. 
Same legend. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent rising fix)m an altar. 

15, 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. III. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga: a star 

in the field. 

16. 

Same legend. The emperor in the toga, seated on a curule chair, holding 

the hasta and a globe : a star in the field. 

17. 
Same legend. The Sun, marching : a star in the field. 

18. 
P. M. TR. P. nil. COS. III. P. P. A similar type. 

19. 
Same legend. A woman in the stola, standing, with a cornucopia : a 
globe at her feet, and a star in the field. 

20. 
Same legend. The emperor, sacrificing : a star in the field. 

21. 
P. M. TR. P. V. COS. nil. P. P. A similar type. 

22. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. Roma-Victrix, seated. 

23. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. A similar type. 

24. 
SACERD. DEI. SOLIS. ELAGAB. The emperor, sacrificing: a atar 

in the field. 

25. 

SALVS. ANTONINI. AVG. Hygeia standing, feeding a serpent 



r 



ELAGABALUS. 421 

26. 
SAL VS. PVBLICA. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent rising from an 
altar. 

27. 
VICTORIA. ANTONINI. AVG. Victory, marching. 

No. 12 ia a very rare type. The next in rarity are Nos. 1, 2, 3, 7, 9. 
Nob. 6, 15, and 24, are rarer than the remainder. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor, on horseback. 

2. 
FIDES. EXERCITVS. A woman, seated between two standards. 

3. 

INVICTVS. SACERDOS. AVG. The emperor, sacrificing: a star in 

the field. 

4. 

LIBERAL. AVG. II. P. M. TR. P. COS. II. {or III.) P. P. The 

emperor seated on an estrade, and two figures standing. 

5. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. III. LiberaUty, standing, with her 

attributes. 

6. 

Same legend. Three figures on an estrade. 

7. 

MVNIFICENTIA. AVG. An elephant. 

8. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. III. P. P. The emperor seated, holding 

the hasta and a globe. 

9. 

P. M. TR. P. III. (or IIII. or V.) COS. III. (or IIII.) P. P. The 

emperor, in a quadriga. 

10. 

PONTIF. TR. P. II. COS. II. A military figure, standing; his right 

hand resting on a trophy, his left holding a spear and shield. 

11. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P, P. The emperor in a quadriga, 
crowned by Victory. 



422 ELAGABALUS — CORNELIA PAULA. 

12. 
SACERD. DEL SOLIS. ELAGAB. The emperor, Bacrificing. 

13. 
S ALVS. ANTONINL A VG. Hygda standing, feeding a serpent. - 

14. 
VICTOR. ANTONINL AVG. Victory, marching. 

Nos. 4 and 6 are the rarest types; and Nos. 7, 11, 12, are rarer thaa 
the remainder. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FIDES. EXERCITVS. A woman seated, between two standards. 

2. 
MARS. VICTOR. Mars marching, with a trophy. 

3. 

P. M. TR. P. nil. COS. III. P. P. The Sun, marching : a star in the 

field. 

4. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. Rome, seated. 

5. 

PRO VID. DEORVM. Providence, standing, holding a cornucopia, and 
touching a globe with a sceptre. 

6. 

VICTORIA. AVG. Victory nuurching, holding a garland : two shields 
on the ground, and a star in the field. 

The last number is much the rarest. 

CORNELIA PAULA. 

[Julia Cornelia Paula, daughter of Julius Paulus, praefect of the Praetorian 
bands, and first wife of Elagabalus, was married to the emperor in the 
year of Rome 972 (A. D. 219). She was repudiated by her husband 
about a year afterwards, and retired to private life.] 

Style : ^J VLIA. PA VLA. A. (or AVG. or AVGVSTA.) 

The name of Cornelia is only found on the Greek coins of this empross. 



r 



CORNEUA PAULA. 423 

Gold R8 

Silver R 1 

Firat brass R4 

Second brass -----------------R3 

GOLD Am) SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. Two figures, joining bands. AR 

2. 
Same l^end. Concord, seated: a star in the field. - - - AU & AR 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. A similar type. AR 

4. 
CONCORDIA. AETERNA. Three figures, standing. - - - AU 

5. 
FELICIT. TEMFOR. Felicity standing, with cornucopia and cadu- 
ceus ------------------ AR 

6. 
FORTVN. FELIC. A female figure, seated. (KhellJ. - - - AR 

7. . 
IVNO. CONSERVATRIX. Juno standing, with a peacock at her 
feet -- AR 

8. 
VENVS. GENETRIX. Venus, seated. AR 

In gold, No. 4 is much rarer than the other type. Mionnet values it 
at 500 francs, while No. 2 is valued at 300. In silver, Nos. 5, 6, 7, are 
the rarest. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. FVBLICA. The three Monetae, standing. 

2. 
AEQVITATI. FVBLICAE. A similar type. 

3. 
CONCORDIA. Concord seated, holding a double cornucopia : a star in 
the field. 



424 CORNELIA PAULA — AQUILIA SEVERA. 

4. 
CONCORDIA. AETERNA. Three figurea, standing. 

No. 4 is by far the rarest, and No. 3 is much less rare than the other 
numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. Concord, seated : a star in the field. 

2. 
CONCORDIA. AETERNA. The emperor and empress, joining 
hands : Concord standing between them. 

AQUILIA SEVERA. 

[Julia Aquilia Severa, daughter of Q. Aquilius Sabinus, and second wife 
of Elagabalus, was married to the emperor in the year of Rome 973 
(A. D. 220), and repudiated a short time after. She was, however, 
recalled by Elagabalus, and lived with him until the period of his death 
in 975 (A. D. 222)]. 

Style : AQVIL. (or AVQVILIA) SEVERA. A. (or AVG.) 

IVL. (or IVLIA.) AQVIL. (or AQVILIA;) SEV. (or SEVERA.) 
AVG. 

Gold (on the reverse of Elagabalus) ---....-.-R8 

SQver R4 

First brass R4 

Second brass -----------------R2 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. Concord, standing, sacrificing at an altar : a star in the 
field. AR 

2. 
Same legend. Two figures standing, joining hands. .... AR 

3. 
IMP. ANTONINVS. AVG. The laureated head of Elagabalus. AU 

There are modem fabrications of this coin. 



\ 



AQUILIA 8£V£RA — ANNIA FAUSTINA. 425 

4. 
VESTA. Vesta, standing. (KheUJ. - - . - AR 

The gold type is valued by M ionnet at 600 francs. In silver, No. 1 is 
much less rare than the other numbers. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. The three Monetae, standing. 

2. 

CONCORDIA. Concord, holding a double cornucopia, sacrificing: a 

star in the field. 

3. 
LAETITIA. Laetitia standing. 

No. 1 is the rarest; and No. 2 is thel east rare. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. A Concord, holding a cornucopia, sacrificing. 

2. 
Same legend. Elagabalus and the empress standing, joining hands: 
Concord standing between them. 

3. 
LAETITIA. Laetitia, standing. 

No. 1 is the least rare. 

ANNIA FAUSTINA, 

[Annia Faustina, daughter of Claudius Severus and Vibia Aurelia Sabina 
(daughter of Aurelius and the younger Faustina), the third wife of 
Elagabalus, was married to the emperor in the year of Rome 974 
(A. D. 221), and divorced shortly afterwards]. 

Style : ANNIA. FAVSTINA. A, (or AVG. or AVG VSTA.). 

Gold (on the reverse of Elagabalus*) ---------R8 

Silver -------------------R8 

First brass -----------------R8 

The coins in second brass are false. 



• 



The authenticity of this coin is doubted < 



426 ANNIA FAUSTINA — JULIA SOAEMIAS. 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. The emperor and empress, joinuig hands : a star in the 
field. AR 

2. 
ANNIA. FAUSTINA. AVGVSTA. Head of Annia Faustina: a star 
in the field.— 72w. IMP. ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. Laureated 
head of Elagabalus. (KheU). AU 

3. 
PIETAS. AVG. A female figure standing before an altar. - - AR 

Mionnet values the gold at 2000 jfrancs, and the silver at 1000 franca. 

FIRST BRASS. 

CONCORDIA. Elagabalus and Faustina joining hands: a star in the 
field. 

This coin, in fine preservation, brought 22^ at the sale of the Hen- 
derson collection in 1830. 



JULIA SOAEMIAS. 

[Julia Soaemlas, the daughter of JuKus Avitus and Julia Maesa (the sister 
of Julia Domna), was the mother of Elagabalus; and was killed by 
the Praetorian soldiers at the same time as her son, in the year of 
Rome 975 (A. D. 222)]. 

Style: IVL. (©r IVLIA.) SOAEMIAS. AVG. {w AVGVSTA.). 

Gold R6 

Silver medallion ----------------R8 

„ of the usual size ------------. C 

„ of large size ---------------Rl 

Quinarii ----- -------. -----R4 

First brass R2 

Second brass -----------------C 

SILVER MEDALLION. 
AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. The three Monetae, standing. 
Mionnet values this medallion at 300 francs. 



r 



JULIA SOAEMIA8 — ^JUUA MAESA. 427 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
IMP. ANTONINVS. PIVS. AVG. Head of Elagabalui. - - AK 

2. 
IVNO. REGINA. Juno standing, holding the palladium. - - AR 

3. 
VENVS. CAELESTIS. Venus, standmg. AU & AR 

4. 
Same I^nd. Venus, seated. (Large dace). -.--... AR 

5. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A qumarku). ..-..- AR 

In sflver, No. 1 is extremely rare. No. 5 is very rare. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
MATER. DEVM. Cybele, seated hetween two lions. 

3. 

VENVS. CAELESTIS. Venus standing, holdmg an apple and the 

hasta: a star in the field. 

3. 

Same legend. Venus seated, with liie same attributes; a small figure 

standing before her. 

No. 1 is a very rare type. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSE. 
MATER DEVM. Cybele, seated between two lions. 



JULIA MAESA. 

[Julia Maesa, the sister of Julia Domna, and grandmother of Elagabalus, 
died in the reign of Alexander Severus, in the year of Rome 976 
A. D. 223)]. 

Style; IVL, (or IVLIA.) MAESA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA). 

DIVA. MAESA. AVG. (w AVGVSTA.). 



428 JULIA MAESA. 

Gold R6 

Silver C 

„ large size Rl 

First and second brass ------------. -C 

Third brass Rl 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
C0N3ECRATI0. Maesa, borne by a peacock in full flight. - - AR 

2. 
Same legend. Maesa veiled, holding a sceptre, borne by a peacock in 
fuU flight AR 

3. 
FECVNDITAS. A woman seated between two children, holding a 
flower and the hasta. ------------- AR 

4. 
FORTVNAE. REDVCI. A woman standing between two children, 
holding a cornucopia. ------------- AR 

5. 
IMP. ANTONIN VS. AVG. Head of Elagabalus. 

The authenticity of this coin, which has been published by Pere Khell, 

is doubted. 

6. 

IVNO. The goddess, standing. AU 

7. 
IVNO. REGIN A. Juno standing, holding a patera and the hasta : a 
peacock at her feet. ------------- AR 

8. 
LAETITIA. PVBLICA. Laetitia in the stola, standing; her right 
hand holding a garland, and her left resting on a rudder. - - AR 

9. 
FIETAS. AVG. Piety, standing before an altar. (Laige size.) AR 

10. 
PVDICITIA. Pudicitia, seated. AU 

11. 
SAECVLI. FELICITAS. Felicity, sacrificing : a star in the field. AU 



JULIA MAES A. 429 

12. 
TEMPORV M. F£L. Felicity seated between two children, holding the 
hasta and ears of com. ------------ AR 

13. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing. AR 

The gold types are of equal rarity. In silver, Nos. 1 and 2 are 
extremely rare. No. 1 2 is much rarer than the other numbers. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. The three Monetae, standing, with their 

attributes. 

2. 

CONSECRATIO. A peacock in full flight, bearing Maesa. 

3. 

Same legend. A funeral pile. 

4. 

FECVNDITAS. AVGVSTAE. A woman seated, holding a cornucopia : 

before, a chfld. 

5. 

IVNO. The goddess, standing. 

6. 

PI ETAS. AVG. Piety, standing in the stola; her right hand raised, 

and her left holding the acerra : an altar. 

No. 2 is extremely rare. No. 3 is the next in rarity ; and No. 5 
is rarer than the remainder. 

SECOND BRASS, YiTTH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

FECVNDITAS. AVGVSTAE. A woman seated, holding a cornucopia, 

and extending her hands toward a small naked figure standing before 

her. 

2. 

IVNO. The goddess veiled, wearing the stola, standing; a patera 

in her right hand, and the hasta in her left 

3. 
SAECVLI. FELICITAS. Felicity, in the stola, sacrifidog at an altar : 
the hasta in her left hand : a star in the field. 



430 JULIA MAESA — ^SETERUS ALEXANDER. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
LIBER ALIT AS. A VG. Liberality standing, wkh teflsera and cornucopia. 

2. 
PVDICITIA. Pudicitia, seated. 

The first is the rarest 

SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 

[Bassianus Alexianus, the son of Gessius (or Genesius) Maicianus and 
Julia Mamaea, was bom at Area in Phoenicia, in the year of Rome 
958 (A. D. 205). He was adopted by Elagabalus, and dedared 
Caesar, in 974 (A. D. 221); when he took the names of Maicua 
Aurelius Alexander • After the death of Elagabalus, Alexander, then 
in his fourteenth year, was proclaimed Emperor and Augustus by the 
senate, when he took the name of Severus. 975 (A. D. 22i2). This 
prince was, with his mother, murdered by Maximinus, one of his 
Generals, at Mayence, in the year of Rome 988 (A. D. 235)]. 

Style : AVR. SEVERV. ALEXANDER. M. ALEXANDER. 

CAES. M. AVR. ALEXANDER. CAES. IMP. SEV. (or 

SEVER.) ALEXAND. (or ALEXANDER.) IMP. C. ALEX- 

ANDER. IMP. C. (or CAES.) SE. (or SEVER.) ALEX- 
ANDER. IMP. C. M. SEV. ALEXANDER. IMP. 

ALEXANDER. AV. (or AVG.) IM. (or IMP.) S. (or SEV. 

or SEVERVS.) ALEXAND. (or ALEXANDER.) AVG. [On 

reverse, sometimes, p. p. or restitvtor. mom.] IMP. MARC VS. 

AVR. SE. AL. AV. [On reverse, sacerdos. vrbis.] ^IMP. 

CAES. SEV. (or SEVER.) ALEXAND. (or ALEXANDER.) 

AVG. IMP. CAES. M. SEV. ALEXAND. AVG. ^IMP. 

C. M. AV. (or AVR.) ALEXAND. AV. (or AVG.) IMP. C. 

(or CAE. or CAES.) M. AVR. (or AVREL.) SE. (or SEV.) 
ALEXAND. (or ALEXANDER.) AV. (or AVG.) [On reverae, 
sometimes, p. p. or optimvs. princeps. pivs.] IMP. ALEX- 
ANDER. PIVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimei, f. p. or resti- 
tvtor. HON.] IMP. CAES. M. AVR. SEV. ALEXANDER. 



* Some historians say that he received the name of Alexander because he 
was born in a temple dedicated to Alexander tNe Great. 



r 



SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 431 

PIVS. AVGVSTVS. [On reverse, aometimes, p. p.] IMP. 

CAES. M. AVR. (or AVREL.) SEV. ALEXANDER. PIVS. 

PEL. {or FELIX.) AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] 

DIVVS. ALEXANDER. 

Gold medalEons ----------------R8 

„ of the usual size --------------C 

„ quinarii ----------------R8 

Snver medallions -------------. -R8 

„ of the usual aise --------------C 

„ quinarii ----------------R3 

Brass medallions ---------------R6 

First and second brass -------------- VC 

Third brass Rl 

GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Monetae, standing. - - AR 

IMP. SEV. ALEXAND. AVG. IVLIA. MAMAEA. AVG. MATER, 
AVG. The heads of Alexander and Mamaea face to face. — Bev. 
FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. The emperor in the toga seated on 
the curule chair ; a globe in his right hand ; a scroll in his left : 
behind, Victory placing a garland on his head : before, two females 
standing, one of whom holds the hasta pnra. ----- AU 

Mionnet values the gold at 1000 francs, and the silver at 300 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER. OF THE USUAL SIZE, 
WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AETERNITATIBVS. A female figure leaning on a column. - AR 

2. 
AN NONA. AVG. A woman in the stola, standing, holding in her 
right hand ears of com, and an anchor in her left : the modius at 
her feet. (A qutnarhu). ----------- AR 

3. 
Same legend. A female figure in the stola, standing, holding a rudder ; 
her foot resting on the prow of a vessel : the modius at her feet. 
(A qmnarhis). --------------- AR 



432 SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 

4. 
ANNON A. AVG. A female figure standing ; her foot resting on the 
prow of a vessel. -------------- AR 

5. 
CONCORDIA. Concord, seated, holding a patera and a double cornu- 
copia. ----------------- AR 

6. 
CONSECRATIO. An altar vith the fire kindled ; or an eagle with 
expanded wings. -------------- AR 

These are restored coins of Gallienus. 

7. 
FECVND. AVGVSTAE. Fecundity, standing, with a double cornu- 
copia : a child by her side. (Kheli) -------- AR 

8. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVG. Hope. AR 

9. 
Same legend. Hope. -------------- AU 

10. 
lOVI. CONSERVATOR!. Jupiter, standing, holding the thunderbolt: 
a small figure by his side. ----------- AU 

11. 

lOVI. PROPVGNATORI. Jupiter, standing, hurling a thunderbolt 

AU 
12. 

lOVI. STATORI. Jupiter standing, holding a thunderbolt - - AR 

13. 
lOVI. VLTORI. Jupiter-Victor, seated. (A quinarim), - - - AR 

14. 
IVLIA. MAM AEA. AVG. Tlie head of Julia Mamaea. - AU fr AR 

There are modem fabrications of this type. 

15. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. Liberality, standing, with cornucopia and 

tessera. AU & AR 

16. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. The emperor, seated on an estrade, and 
several figures. --------------- AU 



SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 433 

17. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. Liberality, standing. . . . . AU 

18. 
LIBERALITAS.AVG.il. A similar type. AR 

19. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. IIL A similar type. AR 

20. 
LIBERAL III. A similar type. (A qtunarku). - - - AR 

21. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. IIII. A simbar tjrpe. - - - - AU & AR 

22. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. V. A similar type. AU 

23. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. (sic) V. A similar type. (Khett). - AR 

24. 
LIBERTAS. AVG. Liberty, standing. - . - .^ . . . . AR 

25. 
MARS. VLTOR. Mars, marching. AU 

26. 
Same legend. Man, standing. --.-------- AR 

27. 
MARTI. PACIFERO. Mars, standing; an olive branch in his right 
hand, and a javeb'n reversed in his left. ----- AU & AR 

28. 
PAX. AVG. Peace, marching. AU & AR 

29. 
PAX. AETERNA. AVG. Peace, wearing the stola, standing, holding 
an olive branch and the hasta pura. ------ AU & AR 

30. 
PERPETVITATL AVG. A female figuse, standing. - - - AR 

31. 
PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instrwnents, AR 

32. 
PIETAS. MILITVM. A woman standing, and two ensigns. - AR 
VOL. I. 2 F 



434 SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 

33. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. Mars, standing. AU 

34. 
Same legend. A lion, holding a thundeivbolt. (VtuOant), - - AR 

35. 
Same legend. The emperor, in a quadriga. (VaiUant), - AU & AR 

36. 
P. M. TR. P. II: COS. P. P. An amphitheatre, and five figures. AR 

37. 
Same legend. A woman standing, holding an olive branch and the 
hastapura. ---------------- AU 

38. 
P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. P. P. The emperor in a military habit, 
standing, holding a globe and the hasta. (A qumarius.) - - AU 

39. 
P. M. TR. P. V. COS. II. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. - AU 

40. ^ 
Same legend. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing at a tripod. - AU 

41. 
Same legend. The baths of Severus Alexander. - . . AU & AR 

42. 
P. M. TR. P. VI. COS. II. P. P. A woman, sacrificing. A ^^tftfiarsitt. 
(KheU). AU 

43. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. AR 

44. 
P. M. TR. P. XI. COS. III. P. P. The Sun, standing. (A qumanus). 

AR 

45. 

P. M. TR. P. XII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga. AU 

46. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P. Roma-Victrix, seated. 

AR 
47. 
SAL. BARBIA. ORBIANA. The head of Barbia Orbiana. (A 
quinarius), ---------------- AR 




SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 435 

48. 
SALL. BARBIA. ORBIANA. AVG. The same head. (A qumarius). 

AU 
There are modem fabrications of this coin. 

49. 
SPES. PVBLICA. HOPE. (A futnaruu). AR 

50. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory. AU 

51. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victory standing, writing on a buckler 
VOT.X. AU&AR 

52. 
VIRTVS. AVG. A militaiy figure standing; a buckler at his feet AR 

53. 
Same legend. Rome, seated on a coat of mail, holding an olive branch 
in her right hand, and the parazonium in her left. - - - - AR 

54. 
VOTIS. VICENNALIBVS. within a laurel garland. - - AU&AR 

In gold, some of the above types are of extreme rarity ; but the rarest 
of all is No. 14, which Mionnet values at 600 francs : the next in rarity 
is No. 41 ; then No. 48. Nos. 9, 16, 38, 41, 45, are very rare types; 
and Nos. 34, 38, and 53, are rarer than the other numbers. In silver, 
Nos. 14, 41, and 47 are extremely rare. Nos. 31, 32, and 36 are very 
rare; and 1, 2, 3, 8, 13, 20, 43, and 49 are rarer than the remaining 
numbers. 



BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. II. The emperor seated on an estrade, 
and three figures standing : at the foot of the estrade seven figures, 
one of whom is ascending the ladder. 

2. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. IIII. A similar type, but with one 
figure only ascending the estrade. 

2 F 2 



SEVERU3 ALEXANDEH. 



P. MAX. TR, P. V. COS. II. p. p. The baths of Sevenw AleMnder. 
(Large rize). 

4. 
P. M. TB. P. Vrl. COS. II. P. P. Tlie emperoi in the togt, fMrifidng 
at an altar, etanding before a temple; five figures auuiing, one of 
them holding a bull. 

5. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor in a quadnga, 
holding the Roman eagle, and a small figure of Victory. 

6. 
Same legend. The emperor in a quadriga, htdding the Roman eagle. 

7. 
Same l^end. The emperor and Victory in a quadriga, liill-Ciced, 
attended by several soldiers on foot. 

8. 
IMP. 8EV. ALEXANDER. AVG. Laureated head cf Severn* 
Alexander, to the right— ««>. P. M, TR, P. Villi. COS. III. P. P. 
The emperor, eeated in the curule diair, holding in his right hand a 
figure of Victory, and in hit left the haita pura : before, an armed 
figure, holding the parazonium and a shield resting on a dppui ; 
behind, Victoty placing a garland on the head of the emperor. 
(OAmel <^ T. 7%omai, Etq.). 
This medallion is probably unique. 



SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 437 

9. 

P. M. TIL P. XII. COS* III. p. p. The emperor standing, in a 

militaiy habit, holding the hasta and the parozonium; Victoiy 

behind, placing a garland on his head, and two river-gods at his 

feet 

10. 

ROMAE. AETERNAE. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing on an 
altar, standing before a temple ; six figures assisting, one of whom 
holds a bull. 

11. 

SALVTI. AVGVSTI. The emperor in a militaiy habit, attended by 

a soldier sacrificing at an altar, before a statue of Hygeia feeding a 

serpent. 

12. 

VI RTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor with a buckler, marching, followed 

by a soldier bearing a spear and a trophy ; Victoiy following, and 

crowning the first. 

No. 3 is the rarest, excepting, of course, No. 8 ; and No, 2 is much 
rarer than the other numbers. 

[SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND ORBIANA]. 

1. 
IMP. SEV. ALEXANDER. SALL. BARBIA. ORBIANA. AV- 
GVSTI. The heads of Severus Alexander and Orbiana, face to 
face.— Rev. CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and 
empress standing, joining hands. 

There is a modem fabrication of this rare medallion. 

2. 
CONCORDI AE. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and empress, accom- 
panied by three figures sacrificing on a tripod : before, a temple, 
containing a statue. 

No. 1 is much rarer than the other. 

[SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND MAMAEAJ. 

1. 
IMP. SEVERVS. ALEXANDER. AVG. IVLIA. MAMAEA. AV. 
MATER. AVG. The heads of Severus Alexander and Mamaca, 



438 SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 

face to face.—Bev, FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. The emperor in 
the toga, seated on a curule chair; a globe in his right hand, and a 
scroll in his lefl : behind, Victory, placing a garland on his head : 
before, two females, standing. 

There are modem fabrications of this medallion. 

2. 

lOVI. CONSERVATORI. The emperor in a militaiy habit, attended 

by a soldier bearing a standard, sacrificing to Jupiter, standing : two 

standards in the field. 

3. 

Another, of similar type, with a large circle or border. 

4. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII, COS. III. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga, 
holding the Roman eagle. 

5. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. V. COS. II. P. P. The baths of Sevenis 
Alexander. 

There are modem &brications of this interesting type. 

6. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing before a 
temple ; five figures assisting, one of them holding a bull. 

No. 5 is much the rarest : the next in rarity are Nos. 3 and 4. 



FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. AVGVSTI. COS. P. P. (or ADLOC VTIO. AVGVSTI.) 
The emperor, addressing his soldiers. 

2. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and empress joining 
hands. 

3. 

FIDES. MILITVM. The emperor sacrificing, between Jupiter and 

a soldier. 

4. 

INDVLGENTIA. AVGVST. The usual type of Hope. 



f 



SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 439 

5. 
lOVI. VLTORI. P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. Statue of Jupiter 
seated, within a temple standing in a spacious enclosure. 

6. 
IVSTITIA. AVGVSTI. A female figure, seated, Jiolding the hasta 
and a patera. 

7. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. The emperor seated on an estrade : two 
figures standing below, and a third ascending the estrade. 

8. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. III. Liberality, standing, with tessera 
and cornucopia. 

9. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. IIII. A similar type. 

10. 
Same legend. The emperor seated on an estrade, and four figures below, 

11. 

Same legend. A similar type, but with eight figures. 

12. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. V. The emperor seated on an estrade, 
and three figures below. 

13. 
Same legend. Liberality, with tessera and cornucopia. 

14. 
PERPETVITATI. AVG. A figure, standing. 

15. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga. 

16. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The amphitheatre. 

17. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. V. COS. II. P. P. The baths of Severus 

Alexander. 

18. 

POTESTAS. PERPETV. Security, seated before an altar, holding 

a sceptre, and leaning on her hand. 



1 



440 SEVERUS ALEXANDER. 

19. 
PROFECTIO. AVGVSTI. The emperor on horeeback, preceded by 

Victory. 

20. 

RESTITVT. MON. The emperor, standing. 

21. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Romi^Victrix, seated. 

22. 
SECVRITAS. PERPETVA. Security, seated. 

23. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. The emperor on horseback, preceded by 
Victory, and followed by a soldier : a captive on the ground. 

24. 

Same legend. Victory, standing, inscribing on a buckler VOT. X. 

Nos. 16 and 17 are of extreme rarity. The next in rarity is No. 2. 
Nos. 1, 4, and 5, are very rare ; and Nos. 11, 14, and 23, are much rarer 
than the remainder. 



SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

FIDES. MILITVM. The emperor sacrificing, between Jupiter and a 

soldier. 

2. 

INDVLGENTIA. AVG. The emperor, standing, and two ensigns. 

3. 
lOVI. VLTORI. Jupiter-Victor, seated. 

4. 
lOVI. VLTORI. P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. Statue of Jupiter, seated 
within a temple, standing in a spacious enclosure. 

5. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. 11. The emperor seated on an estrade, 
and three figures standing : at the foot of the estrade, five figures. 

This coin is composed of two metals. 



SEVERU8 ALEXANDER. 441 

6. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. IIII. The emperor seated on aa estrade, 

and two figures standing : another figure ascending the estrade. 

7. 
LIB. AVG. III. PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. V. COS. II. P. P. The 

emperor seated on an estrade, attended by three figures : at the foot 
of the estrade^ several figures. 

8. 
MON. RESTITVTA. Monetae standing, with her attributes. 

9. 
P. M. TR, P. y. COS. II. P. P. The thermae of Severus Alexander. 

10. 
P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. III. P. P. The emperor and Victory in a 
quadriga, full-faced, attended by five foot .soldiers. 

11. 

P. M. TR. P. Villi. COS. III. P. P. Victory, standing, inscribmg on 

a buckler, VOT. X. 

12. 

Same legend. The emperor in the toga, seated on a curule chair^ 

holding a Victory and the hasta: Victoiy behind, placing a garland 

on his head; before, a soldier holding a buckler, inscribed VOT. X. 

13. 
PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The amphitheatre, a temple, 
and several figures. 

14. 
PONTIFEX. COS. The emperor, in a quadriga. 

15. 
PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. The emperor standing, and two ensigns. 

16. 
PROFECTIO. AVGVSTI. The emperor, on horseback. 

17. 

PROF. AVG. PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. X. COS. III. P. P. The 

emperor on horseback, preceded by Victory, and followed by several 

foot soldiers. 

18. 

RESTITVTOR. MON. The emperor in a military habit, standing. 



442 SEVERUS ALE2CANDER. 

19. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rome, seated. 

20. 
SPES. AV6. Hope, and three soldiers. 

21. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. The emperor on horseback, preceded by 
Victory, and followed by a foot soldier. 

No. 13 is extremely rare; the next in rarity is No. 9; then No. 4. 
Nos. 5, 7, and 20, are very rare. Nos. 10 and 21 are rarer than the 
remainder. 

[SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND ORBIANA.] 

IMP. SEV. ALEXAND. SALL. BAR6. ORBIAN. AVG. The heads 
of Severus Alexander and Barbia Orbiana, face to face. — Rev, 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and empress, 
joining hands. 
Mionnet values this rare coin at sixty francs. 

[SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAMAEA]. 

1. 

IMP. SEV. ALEXAND. AVG. IVLIA. MAMAEA. AVG. MATER. 

AVG. The heads of the emperor and Mamaea, face to fiice. — 

Rev. ADLOCVTIO. AVGVSTI. COS. III. P. P. The emperor 

addressing his soldiers. 

2. 

FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. The emperor in the toga, seated on a 
corule chair, and holding a globe ; Victory placing a garland on his 
head : on the other side, two female figures in the stola, standing ; 
one of them holding the hasta pura. 

3. 

FIDES. MILITVM. The emperor^ in a military habit, sacrificing, 
between a soldier who is placing a garland upon his head, and 
Jupiter holding a thunderbolt and the hasta : a standard in the field. 

4. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. The emperor in the t<^a, sacrificing on an 
altar standing before a temple : three figures assisting. 

This coin is composed of two metals. 

The first of these is much the rarest, and the last is much rarer than 
the other two. 



r 



MEMIOIA — ORBIANA. 443 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FIDES. EXERCITVS. A woman seated, with a bird on her right 
hand, and the hasta in her left : before, a standard. 

2. 
MARS. VLTOR. Mars, marching, with a spear and shield. 

3. 
PERPETVITATI. AVG. A woman leaning on a colmnn, holding a 
globe and the hasta transversely. 

4. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. A soldier standing, holding an olive 

branch and a spear. 

5. 

P. M. TR. P. nil. COS. P. P. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing 

on a tripod. 

6. 

PONTIF. MAX. T. (sic) P. VII. COS. II. P. P. Roma-Victrix, seated. 

7. 
SPES. PVBLICA. Hope. 

No. 1 is the rarest of the above. 



MEMMIA. 

[Goltzius has published a coin on which this lady, the first wife of 
Alexander, is stiled Sulpieia-Memmia ; but there does not exist one 
in any cabinet at the present day. History makes but slight mention 
of this empress]. 

ORBIANA. 

[Sallustia Barbia Orbiana, third wife of Alexander Severus, is not 
mentioned by historians; but it appears by a coin struck at Alex- 
andria, that she was married to the emperor in the fifteenth year 
of his reign, in the year of Rome 979 (A. D. 226)]. 

Style : SAL. (or SALL.) BARB, (or BARBIA.) ORBIANA. AVG. 

Gold - - - - 1 R8 

SUver R2 

„ quinarii ----- -R8 



444 ORBIANA. 

Brass medallions ----.--------.-Rs 

First brass -----------------R2 

Second brass -----------------Ri 

The gold quinarius is false. (See Sevenis Alexander). 



GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. Concord seated, holding a patera 
and a double comacopia. ---..-...-. AU 

2. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. A similar type. AR 

3. 

Same legend. A similar type. (A qmnarku). .--.-- AR 

4. 
IMP. SEV. ALEXANDER. AVG. Laureated head of Alexander 
Severus. A qumariut, (KheU), --------- AR 

The gold quinarius with this type, is a modem fabrication^ 

5. 
PROPAGO. IMPERI. The emperor and Orbiana, joining hands. AR 

6. 
PVDICITIA. Pudicitia, seated. AR 

7. 
VENVS. GENETRIX. Venus, standing, holding the apple and the 
hasta pura. --------- ------ AR 

In silver, No. 4 is extremely rare. Nos. 3 and 5 are much rarer than 
the others. No. 2 is the least rare. 



BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

FECVNDITAS. TEMPORVM. Orbiana in the stoU^ seated: before 
her a woman kneeling, holding a cornucopia and two children ; 
another female standing by. 

This extremely rare medallion is valued by Mionnct at 400 francs. 



ORBIANA — MAMAEA. 445 

[ORBIANA AND SEVERUS ALEXANDER]. 

1. 
IMP. SEV. ALEXANDER. SALL. BARBIA, ORBIANA. AV- 
GVSTI. The heacU of Alexander and Orbiana, &ce to &ce. — Eev, 
CONCORDIAE. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and emprew, 
joining hands. 

There are modem fiibiicationB of this medallion. 

2. 
CONCORDIAE. AVOVSTORVM. The emperor and empress sacri- 
ficing at a tripod, before a temple in which is a statae : three figures 
assisting. 

No. 1 is the rarest 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 

CONCORDIA. AVOVSTORVM. Concord, seated, holding a patera 

and a double cornucopia. 

2. 

Same legend. Alexander and Orbiana, joining hands. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. Concord, seated. 

2. 
Same legend. The emperor and empress, joining hands. 

The last is the rarest 

[ORBIANA AND ALEXANDER]. 

IMP. SEV. ALEXAND. SALL. BARK ORBIAN. A VG. The heads 

of Alexander and Orbiana, face to face Rev. CONCORDIA. 

AVGVSTORVM. The emperor and empress, joining hands. 

Mionnet yafaies this type at sixty firancs. 

MAMAEA. 

[Julia Mamaea, the sister of JuUa Soaemias, and mother of Severus 

Alexander, was bom in the year of Rome and assassinated with . 

her son, in 988 (A. D. 235)]. 



446 MAMAEA. 

Style: IVL. (or IVLIA.) MAMAEA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA.) 

[On reyerse, sometimes, mater, cabtrorvm. or mater, avgysti. et. 

CASTRORVM.] -IVLIA. MAMAEA. AVG. MAT. (or MATER.) 

AVG. (or AVGVSTI.) IVLIA. MAMIAS. (tic) AVG. 

Gold medallion R8 

„ of the usual size --------------R6 

Silver medallion ----------------R8 

„ of the usual size --------------C 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

Brass medallions --------------- R6 

First brass VC 

Second brass ----------------- VC 

Third brass ----Rl 

GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

IVLIA. MAMAEA. The head of Mamaea, with the stola, to the 
left— i2eo. AEQ VITAS. PVBLICA. The three Monetae, stand- 
ing, with their attributes. - ---- AR 

[MAMAEA AND SEVERUS ALEXANDER.] 

IMP. SEV. ALEXAND. AVG. IVLIA. MAMAEA. AVG. MATER. 
AVG. The heads of Alexander and Mamaea, face to face. — Rev. 
FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. The emperor in the toga, seated in 
a curule chair, holding a glqbe and a scroll; Victory behind, 
placing a garland on his head : on the other side, two women in the 
stola, standing, one of them holding the hasta punu - - - AV 

Mionnet values the silver at 400, and the gold at 1000 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH 

RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ABUNDANTIA. AVG. A female figure, standing. (EheU). - AR 

2. 
ANNONA.AVG. A female figure, standing. (Ibid). - - - AR 

3. 
CONCORDIA. A female figure, sacrificing : a star in the field. - AR 



MAMAEA. 447 

4. 
FECVND. AVGVSTA£. A female figure, seated : an infant before 
her. (A qumarku). ------------- AR 

5. 
Same legend. A similar type. ----------- AR 

6. 
FELICITAS. PVBLICA. FeUdty, seated. AU & AR 

7. 
Same l^end. Felicity, standing. -------- AU & AR 

8. 
IMP. C. M.«rAVR. ALEX. SEVER. AV6. Head of Sevenu Alex- 
ander. ----------------- AU 

The silver of this type is false. 

9. 

IVNO. AVGVSTAE. The goddess, seated. AR 

10. 
IVNO. CONSERVATRIX. Juno, standing, with a peacock at her 
feet AU&AR 

11. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A qumarkui). ------AR 

12. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTAE. Piety, sacrificing. AR 

13. 
P. M. TR. P. VII. COS. II. P. P. Equity, standing. - - - - AR 

14. 
PROVID. DEORVM. Providence, standing, holding a wand and a 
spear reversed : a globe at her feet -------- AR 

15. 
PVDICITIA. Pudicitia, seated. AR 

16. 
SAECVLI. FELICITAS. A female figure, sacrificing. - - - AR 

17. 
VENERI. FELICI. Venus, standing. (A qumarius). - - - AR 

18. 
VENVS. GENETRIX. A female figure, standing: an infant by 
her side. ----------------- AR 



1 



448 MAMAEA. 

19. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus, standing. Aqumariut. (KkeU). AR 

20. 
VESTA. The goddess, seated. AU&AR 

21. 
Same legend. Vesta, standing; a patera (or the palladium) in her 
right hand, and the hasta in her left ..... AU & AR 

22. 
VIRTVS. AVG. A soldier, standing. (KkeU), ----- AR 

In gold, No. 8 is extremely rare. In silver, Nos. 1, 2, and 14, are 
much the rarest, Nos. 4, 11, 17, and 19, are rarer than the remainder. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. The three Monetae, with their attributes. 
Mionnet values this medallion at 200 francs. 

[MAMAEA AND ALEXANDER]. 

1. 
IMP. SEVERVS. ALEXANDER. AVG. IVLIA. MAMAEA. AV. 
MATER. AVG. The heads of Mamaea and Alexander face to 
face.— i2eo. FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. The emperor in the 
toga, seated on the curule chair, holding a globe and a scroll; 
Victory behind, placing a garland on his head : two females standing. 

This medallion is composed of two metals. There are modem fidHi- 

cations. 

2. 

lOVI. CONSERVATORL The emperor standing at an altar, in a 

military habit; Jupiter standing before, and a soldier bearing an 

ensign : two ensigns in the field. 

3. 
Same legend. A similar type, but with a large circle or border. 

4. 

P. M. TR. P. VIII. COS. III. P. P. S. C. Tbe emperor in a quadriga, 

holding the Roman eagle. 

5. 

PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. V. COS. II. P. P. The baths of Alexander. 
There are many modem imitations of this type. 



MAMAEA. 449 

6. 
PROFECTIO. AVGVSTI. The emperor on horseback, preceded by 
Victory and a soldier : three soldiers following. 

7. 

ROMAE. AETERNAE. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing on an 

altar standing before a temple ; five figures assisting ; one, holding 

a victim. 

8. 

TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. The emperor seated on a globe covered 

with stars, holding in his right hand a sceptre, his left resting on a 

circle, in which are represented four children : Victoiy on his left 

placing a garland on his head : on the other side, a bearded figure 

holding the hasta pura. 

Nos. 5 and 8 are much the rarest, and are valued by Mionnet at 300 
francs each. 

[MAMAEA, ALEXANDER, AND ORBIANA]. 

IVLIA. MAMAEA. A VG. MAT. AVGVSTI. The head of Mamaea. 
--Bev. IMP. SEV. ALEXANDER. AVG. SAL. BARBIA. ORr 
BIANA. AVG. The heads of Alexander and Orbiana, face to face. 

(Mus. TheupoU). 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSE. 
IMP. ALEXANDER. PIVS. AVG. Head of Severus Alexander. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FELICITAS. PERPETVA. The empress seated, and three women 
standing. 

2. 
IVNO. CONSERVATRIX. Juno, standing; a peacock at her feet 

3. 
MATRI. CASTRORVM. A female figure, standing, and three ensigns. 

4. 
TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. A female figure, standing, and three 
ensigns. 
VOL. I. 2 o 



450 MAMAEA. 

5. 
Same legend. Mamaea, seated ; and two women, standing. (Catalogmt 
tTEfmery), 

No. 1 is much the rarest; Nos. 4 and 5 are the next in rarity; then 
No. 3; No. 2 is much less rare than No. 4. 

[MAMAEA AND ALEXANDER]. 

1. 
IMP. SEV. ALEXAND. AVG. IVLIA. MAMAEA. AVG. MATER. 
AVG. (or MAT. AVG.). The heads of Mamaea and Alexander, 
face to fece.— Aff». ADLOCVTIO. AVGVSTL COS. III. P. P. 
The emperor addressing his soldiers. 

2. 

FELICITAS. PERPETVA Mamaea seated, and three women 

standing. 

3. 

FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. The emperor in the toga, seated on a 

curule chair, holding a glohe in his right hand; Victory hehind, 

placing a crown upon his head : before, two women in tlie stola ; 

one of them holding the hasta pura. 

4, 
FIDES. MILITVM. The emperor in a military habit, sacrificing on 
an altar, between a soldier who places a garland on his head, and 
Jupiter, holding the hasta and the thunderbolt: an ensign in the 
field. 

5. 

ROMAE. AETERNAE. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing on an 
altar, standing before a temple, three figures assisting. 

No. 2 is the rasest; the next in rarity is No. 1 ; then Nos. 3 and 5 ; 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FELICITAS. PVBLICA. Felicity leaning on a column, and holding 
a caduceus in her right hand. 

2. 
PVDICITIA. Pudicitia, seated. 



URAN1U8 ANTONINUS — MAXIHINUS I. 451 

3. 
VESTA. Vesta, standing, holding the palladium and the hasta. 

URANIUS ANTONINUS. 

[Lucius Julius Aurelius Sulpicius Uranius Antoninus, an usurper in the 
reign of Alexander Severus, is supposed to be the same personage 
whom Zosimus calls simply Uranius. Uranius caused himself to be 
proclaimed emperor in the East ; but was shortly after captured, and 
brought before Severus Alexander arrayed in the purple he had 
assumed]. 

The unique coin described below formed part of the plunder of the 
French Cabinet, in November 1831. 

L. IVL. AVR. SVLP. VRA. ANTONINVS. Laureated head of 
Uranius Antoninus to the right, with the paludamentum. — Eev. 
FECVNDITAS. AVG. Fortune, standing, with her attributes. AU 



MAXIMINUS I. 

[Caius Julius Verus Maximinus, was bom in Thrace, of obscure parents, 
in the year of Rome 926 (A. D. 173). Maximinus was general under 
Severus Alexander, whom he caused to be assassinated, and then 
became master of the empire, in the year 988 (A. D. 235). He was 
murdered by his soldiers before Aquileia, in 991 (A. D. 238)]. 

Sttle, with his Son : MAXIMIN VS. ET. MAXIMVS. AV- 

GVSTI. GERMANICI. 
Maximinvs ALONE : IMP. C. MAXIMINVS. AV. (or AVG.) 

IMP. C. IVL. MAXIMINVS. AVG. IMP. MAXIMINVS. 

PIVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] MAXIMINVS. 

PIVS. AVG. GERM. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] 

On Roman coins, maximinvs. only appears ; on colonial Latin coins 
ivLivs. MAXIMINVS. ; and on Greek coins the name complete, thus :— 

CAIVS. IVL. VERVS. MAXIMINVS. 

Gold R6 

„ quinarii ----------------R8 

SUver medallion ----------------R8 

2 o2 



452 MAXIMINUS I. 

Silver, of the usual size ------------- C 

„ quinarii ----------------R4 

Brass medallions --------------- R7 

First and second brass --------------C 

ITiird brass Rl 

SILVER MEDALLION. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Moneta, standing. 
Mionnet values this extremely rare medallion at 200 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE, WITH 

RARE REVERSES; 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVG. Equity, standing, holding a cornucopia and 
scales. --------------- AU & AR 

2 
INDVLGENTIA. AVG. A female figure seated, holding the hasta. AR 

3. 
LIBER. AVG. The emperor, seated on an estrade, distributing gifts to 
the people. ---------------- AU 

4. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. Liberality, standing. AR 

5. 
PAX. AVGVSTI. Peace, holding an olive branch and the hasta. AU 

6. 
P. M. TR. P. P. P. A woman, seated between two standards. - AU 

7. 
Same legend. The emperor in a military habit, standing between two 
ensigns. ----------------- AU 

8. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A qtunarim). ------ AR 

9. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga. - - AR 

10. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. The emperor, holding the hasta, and 
standing between two ensigns. ---------- AR 



MAXIMINUS t. 453 

ft 

11. 
PROVIDENTIA. AVG. Providence, standing, holding a wand and a 
cornucopia : a globe at her feet. --------- AU 

12. 
SALVS. AVGVSTI. Hygeia, standing, holding a serpent. - - AU 

13. 
Same legend. Hygeia, seated, feeding a serpent rising from an 
altar. AU 

14. 
Same l^end. Hygeia, seated before an altar. (A quinarhu)* - AR 

15. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory, marching with a garland and palm 
branch. ----------------- AU 

16. 
VICTORIA. GERM. Victory, standing : a captive at her feet AU & AR 

17. 
Same legend. A simOar type. (Quinaru), ----- AU & AR 

18. 
VICTORIA. GERMANICA. Victory, crowning the emperor. - AR 

19. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. AR 

In gold, Nos. 3 and 6 are extremely rare. The next in rarity are Nos. 
1, 7, 12, and 16. No. 17 is much rarer than the remaining types. 
In silver, No. 18 is the rarest The next in rarity are Nos. 8, 9, 10, 14, 
and 17. No. 19 is much rarer than the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. The emperor, seated on an estrade, and 

six figures standing ; at the foot of the estrade, several figures. 

This Medallion is composed of two metals. 

2. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga; Victory 
placing a garland on his head. 



n 

I 



454 MAXIMINUS I. 

3. 
VICTORIA. OERMANICA. The emperor on horseback, outing a 
javelin, and riding over seyeral proetrate figures : Victory preceding, 
and a soldier following him. 

No. 2 is much rarer than the others. 

[MAXIMINUS AND MAXIMUS]. 

1. 

MAXIMVS. PIVS. AVG. GERM. P. M. TR. P. IL COS. P. P. 
Laureated head of Maximinus.— Affv. C. IVL. VERVS. MAXI- 
MVS. CAES. Bare head of Maximus. 

2. 
MAXIMINVS. ET. MAXIMVS. AVGVSTI. GERMANICI. The 
heads of Maximinus and Maximus, face to fiace, — Bev, P. M. TR. P. 
nil. COS. P. P. Maximinus and Maximus, sacrificing on an altar 
before the temple of Vesta ; the first crowned by Hercules, and a 
military figure standing near Maximus. 

3. 
VICTORIA. GERMANICA. The emperor on horseback, riding over 
several prostrate figures, followed by a soldier, and preceded by 
Victory. 

The above three types are each of extreme rarity. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
INDVLGENTIA. AVG. A female figure seated, holding the haste 
pura. 

2. 

LIBERALITAS. AVG. (or AVGVSTI.) The emperor seated on an 
estrade, and four figures ; several small figures at the foot <^ the 
estrade. 

3. 

Same legends. Liberality, standing, with tessera and cornucopia. 

4. 
MARTI. PACIFERO. Mars, standing, with the haste pura and an 
olive branch. 



MAXIMINUS I. 455 

5, 
MAXIMVS. CAES. GERM. Bare head of Maximus. 

6. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P, P. The emperor in a quadriga, crowned by 
Victory. 

7. 
PROVIDENTIA. AVG. Providence, standing. 

8. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. Victory, standing. 

9. 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTORVM. The emperor standing, and several 

figures. 

10. 

VICTORIA. GERMANIC A. The emperor standing, in a military 

habit, and crowned by Victory : a captive at his feet. 

11. 
Same legend. Victory, standing ; a captive on the ground. 

12. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. 5 is the rarest The next in rarity is N(^ 9; then No. 2. Nos. 6 
and 12 are rarer than the remaining numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
INDVLGENTIA A female figure seated, holding the hasta pura. 

2. 
MARTI. PACIFERO. Mars, standing. 

3. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga, crowned by 

Victory. 

4. 

VICTORIA. GERMANICA. The emperor, in a miUtary habit, 

standing : Victory, placing a garland upon his head ; a captive on 

the ground. 

5. 

VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garhmd. 
No. 3 is the rarest type ; and No. 2 is the least rare. 



466 MAXIMINUS I. — PAULINA. 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

SAL VS. AVGVSTI. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent rising from an 

altar. 

2. 

P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor, standing between two 

ensigns. 

3. 

PROVIDENTIA. AVG. Providence, standing, holding a wand and a 
cornucopia ; a globe at her feet« 



PAULINA. 

[No mention of this lady is made by the Roman historians; but the coins 
bearing the name of Paulina are, by conjecture, assigned to her; and, 
as they bear the emblems of consecration, it is supposed that she died 
before her husband]. 

Style : ^DIVA. PAVLINA. 

Gold (none). 

Silver -------------------R4 

First brass ----' Rg 

There are many modem fabrications, in gold as well as in sQver. 

SILVER. 

1. 
CONSECRATIO. A peacock, full-faced, with its tail spread. 

2. 
Same legend. Paulina, borne by a peacock in full flight 

These are equally rare. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
CONSECRATIO. A peacock in fiill %ht, bearing Paulina. 

2. 

Same legend. Paulina, in a biga. 

The last is by far the rarest. 



MAXIMUS. 457 



MAXIMUS. 

[Cains Juliiu Venis MaximuB, the son of Maximinus, and (as is supposed) 

Padina, was bom at . He was declared Csesar by bis father 

in the year of Rome 988 (A. D. 235), and was, with Maziminus, 
murdered in 991 (A. D. 238)]. 

Style : C. 1 VL. M AXIMVS. CAES. IVL. VERVS. MAXI- 

MVS. CAES. [On reverse, sometimes, princ. (or princefs.) 

iwEMTVTis.] C. IVL. VER. (or VERVS.) MAXIMVS. CAES. 

[On reverse, sometimes, princ. (or princbps.) iwentvtis.] 

MAXIMVS. CAES. (or CAESAR.) GERM. [On reverse, some- 
times, princ, (or princeps.) iwentvtis.] 

Gold R8 

Silver R4 

„ quinarii ----------------R8 

Brass medallions ---------------R8 

First and second brass --------------S 

There are many modem fabrications of the coins of this prince, both in 
gold and in silver : that with the legend principi. ivvent. is spurious. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instruments. AU & AR 

2. 
PRINC. IWENTVTIS. Maximus standing, in a miUtary habit, holding 
a baton and a spear : two standards. ------.. AR 

3. 

Same legend. A similar type. A qmnarius, (KheUJ, - - - AR 

Mionnet values the gold at 600, the silver denarius at 20, and the 
quinarius at 100 francs. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 
1. 
C. IVL. VERVS. MAXIMVS. CAES. Bust of Maximus, with coat of 
mail; the head bare.— i2«;. MAXIMINVS. PI VS. AVG. GERM. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. Laureated head of Maximinus to the 
right, with the paludamentum. 



456 MAXIMUS — ^JUNIA FADILLA. 

2. 
P. M. TR. P. nil. COS. P. P. Maidminiui and Maidmufl sacrificing 
on an altar, standing before the temple of Vesta; Hercules crowning 
the first, and a military figure standing near Maximus. 

3. 
MAXIMINVS. ET. MAXIMVS. AVGVSTI. GERMANICI. The 
heads of Maximinus and Maximus, face to face ; the first laureated, 
the other bare.— i^^t;. VICTORIA. GERMANICA. The emperor, 
riding over two enemies, preceded by Victory, and followed by a 
foot-soldier. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

IMP. MAXIMINVS. PIVS. AVG. Laureated head of Maximinus, 

with the paludamentum. 

2. 

PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instruments. 

3. 

PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS, Maximus in a mititary habit, standing 

near two ensigns. 

4. 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTORVM. Maximus and several figures, standing: 
two small figures in the midst of the group seated on the ground. 

No. 4 is much the rarest ; the next in rarity is No. 1 ; the others are 
much less rare than No. 1. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instruments. 

2. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. Same type as the first brass. 

JUNIA FADILLA. 

The coin attributed to this lady by Heyne is false. She was 
betrothed to Maximus, but that prince was killed before the nuptials 
were celebrated. 



TITUS QUARTINUS GORDIANUS AFRICANUS. 450 



TITUS QUARTINUS. 

[This personage raised an unsuccessfnl rebellion in Germany against 
Maximinus, and was subsequently put to death. There are no 
authentic coins of Quartinus ; but a denarius of base silver has, by a 
strange mistake, been attributed to bun by some numismatists. It 
bears on one side a radiated head^ with the legend DIVO. TITO. — 
Rev. An altar with the fire kindled, and CONSECRATIO. This coin 
is one of the many supposed to have been struck by the emperor Gal- 
lienus, in honour of those princes who had received the apotheosis* 
See Mediobarbaf who has engraved this coin, and attributed it to 
Titus Quartinus]. 



GORDIANUS AFRICANUS, THE FATHER. 

[Marcus Antoninus Gordianus, was bom at Rome, of an illustrious family, 
in the year of that city 911 (A. D. 158). He was proconsul of Africa 
under Severus Alexander and Maximinus : and in 991 (A. D. 238) 
was proclaimed emperor by the legions of that province. He slew 
himself upon hearing of his son's death in a battle with the forces 
which Maximinus had sent against the Gordians]. 

Style: IMP. C. (or CAES.) M. ANT. GORDIANVS. AFR. 

AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p]. 

Gold (no authentic coins). 

Sflver R6 

First brass R4 

Third braas R6 

There are many modem fabrications, both in gold and in silver. 
Mionnet speaks of false coins with the legend concordia. avg. which 
occurs on the genuine coins, and gloria, exsrcitvs. which is not found 
at all 

SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. Concord, seated. 

2. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. The emperor in the toga, standing, hdding a 
sceptre and a branch. 



460 GORDIANUS AFRICANUS. 

3. 
ROM A E. AETERN AE. Roma-Victrix, seated. 

KheU has published a gold coin with this type ; but it is false. 

4. 
SECVRITAS. AVG. (or AVGG.) Security, seated. 

No. 3 is the rarest type. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 

P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. Jupiter standing, in the toga, holding the 

hasta and an olive branch. 

2. 
PROVIDENT, (or PROVIDENTIA.) AVGG. Providence, standing, 

holding a rod and a cornucopia : a globe at her feet (Plate mii. No, 1). 

3. 
SECVRITAS. AVGG. Security, seated, holding a sceptre. 

4. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Roma-Victrix, seated on a buckler. 

5. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory marching, with garland and palm-branch. 

AH these types are equally rare. 

THIRD BRASS. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory marching, with garland and pahn-branch. 

This is an extremely rare coin. See Catalogue d'Etmery, page 609; 
but queery its authenticity. 

GORDIANUS AFRICANUS, THE SON. 

[Marcus Antonius Gordianus, the son of Gordianus I. and Fabia Ore»- 
* tilla, was bom at Rome in the year of that city 945 (A D. 192). He 
was sent with his father into Africa, as legate or lieutenant, in 980. In 
991 (A. D. 238) he was proclaimed emperor with his father, and fell 
in a battle shortly afterwards with the forces of Maximinus in Maure- 
tania]. 

Style : IMP. C. (or C AES.) M. ANT. GORDIANVS. AFR. AVG. 

Gold (none). 

Silver .-. R6 

First brass R4 



w 

I 



GORDIANUS AFRICANUS — BALBINUS. 461 

SILVER. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. 

2. 

PROVIDENTI A. AVGG. Providence, leaning on a column : a globe 

on the ground. 

3. 

VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory, marching. 

4. 
VIRTVS. AVGG. A military figure, standing. 

The above types are equally rare. There is a modem fabrication of No. 1 . 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
PROVIDENTIA. AVGG. Providence, standing. 

2. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. RomarVictrix, seated; a buckler by her side. 
(Plate mi, No, 2), 
At the sale of the Henderson collection, this type, fine, brought 2/. 16«. 

3. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory nuirching, with garland and palm branch. 

4. 
VIRTVS. AV(9G. A military figure, standing, with spear and a shield. 

5. 
Same legend. Mars, marching, with a trophy and a spear. 

The last, described in the catalogue SEnnery, is the rarest: the 
other numbers are of equal rarity. There is also another type described 
in ^Ennery*8 catalogue, page 495, with the legend liberalitas. avovs- 
TORVM ; but its authenticity is doubted. 

BALBINUS. 

[Decimus Caelius Balbinus, was bom of an illustrious family, in the year 
of Rome 931 (A. D. 178). He was, with Pupienus, elected emperor 
by the senate, upon the death of the Gordiani Africani, in 991 (A. D. 
238). Balbinus and his colleague were massacred by the Praetorian 
soldiers, who were incensed against them, in consequence of the 
emperors being elected without their concurrence]. 



462 BALBINUS. 

Style : IMP. C. (or CAES.) D. GAEL. BALBIN VS. A VG. [On 

reverse, sometimes, p. p. or patres. sematvs.] 

Gold R8 

Silver, of the usual size -------------R2 

„ large size -----------'-----R2 

First brass --.-- -R2 

Second brass -----------------R6 

There are many modem fabrications in gold and silver. The large 
sized silver has the head wi& radiated crown ; the smaller size has the head 
laureated. The coins of Salbinus and his colleague, marked thus (*), are 
described by VaiUant ; but Mionnet says he has never seen one of them. 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
AMOR. MVTVVS. AVGG. Two hands, joined. (Laige size). AR 

2. 
CARITAS. MVTVA. AVGG. A simihir type. (Large size). - • 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. A similar type. (Laige size). - - - AR 

4. 
FIDES. MVTVA. AVGG. A similar type. (Laige siae). - - AR 

5. 
lOVL CONSERVATORL Jupiter naked, standing. - - - - AR 

6. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTORVM. Liberty, standing. - - - AR 

7. 
PATRES. SENATVS. Two hands, joined. (Large size). - - • 

8. 
PAX. PVBLICA. A female figure, seated. • 

9. 
PIETAS. MVTVA. AVGG. Two hands, joined. (Large size). AR 

10. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. IL P. P. The emperor standing, in the toga. AR 



BALBINUS. 463 

11. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. II. P. P. A female figure, standing, holding a 
caduceus and a spear. ------------ AR 

12. 
PROVIDENTIA. DEORVM. A female figure, standing. - - AR 
There are false coins in gold and silver with this type. 

13. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory, standing. AR 

14. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. - - - . - AU & AR 

In silver, No. 1 is much the rarest; and No. 14 is much rarer than the 
other types. 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. 

2. 
FIDES. PV6LIC. Two hands joined, holding a caduceusu 

3. 
LIBERALITAS. A VGVSTORVM. Three figures, seated on an estrade^ 
and three figures standing at the hase. (CaL eFEnnery, p. 495^. 

4. 
Same legend. Liberality standing, with her attributes. 

5. 
PAX. PVBLICA. Peace, seated, holding an olive branch and the hasta. 

6. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. II. P. P. A figure in the toga, standing, holding an 
olive branch and a sceptre. 

7. • 
PROVIDENTIA. DEORVM. Providence, standing. 

8. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory, with garland and pahn branch. 

9. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. 3 is a very rare type. The next in rarity is No, 2. No. 9 is much 
rarer than the remaining numbers. 



464 BALBINUS — PUPIENUS. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. 

2. 

lOVI. CONSERVATOR!. Jupiter standing, with the pallium, holding 

a thunderbolt and the hasta. 

3. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTORVM. Liberality, standing. 

4. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. A figure in the toga, standing, holding an 

olive branch and a sceptre. 

5. 

VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. withm a garland. 
No. 5 is the rarest. 

PUPIENUS. 

[Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus, was bom of an obscure family, in 
the year of Rome 917 (A. D. 164). He was elected emperor, with 
Balbinus, and with him massacred by the Ptaetorian soldiers, in the 
year of Rome 991 (A. D. 238)]. 

Style : IMP. CLOD. PVPIENVS. AVG. IMP. C. (or CAES.) 

M. CLOD. PVPIENVS. AVG. [On reverse, p. p.] IMP. 

CAES. PVPIEN. MAXIMVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimea, 

PATRES. SENATVS]. 

Gold, of the usual size --------------R7 

„ large size -w-------------,-it8 

Silver, of the usual size -------------8,2 

„ large size • ---------------R2 

First brass R2 

„ «with the title of Maximus -------.. R4 

Second brass -- --------------R6 

GOLD AND SILVER. 

1. 
AMOR. MVTVVS. AVGG. Two hands joined. (Laige size.) AR 



* The large size has the head with radiated crown. Those maiked with a 
star are described by Vaillant ; but Mionnet informs us that he has neyer seea 
one of them. 



PUPIENU8. 465 

2. 
CARITAS. MVTVA. AVGG. A rimilar type. (Large size.) - AR 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. A umilar type. (Large size.) - - - AR 

4. 
Same l^end. Concord, seated. .•...-... ... AR 

5. 
PELICITAS. AVGG. FeUcity, standing. • 

6. 
FIDES. MVTVA. Two hands, joined. (Large size). - . - • 

7. 
lOVL CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, standing. AR 

8. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTORVM. LiberaUty, standing. - - AR 

9. 
PATRES. SEN ATVS. Two hands, joined. (Lai^e size). AU & AR 

10. 
PAX. PVBLICA. A female figure, seated. AR 

11. 
PIETAS. MVTVA. AVGG. Two hands, joined. (Large size). • 

12. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. II. P. P. The emperor in the toga, standing. AR 

13. 
Same legend. A female figure, standing, holding a caduceus and the 
hasta. AU&AR 

14. 
PROVlDENTIA. DEORVNi. Providence, standmg. - - - - AR 

15. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory, marching. (Gold). - - - - ♦ 

16. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. - - - - AU & AR 

In gold, Nos. 9 and 16 are much the rarest In silver, Nos. 5 and 
16 are the rarest Mionnet quotes a coin from the cabinet of Vienna, 
with the heads of Balbinus and Gordianus III. ; but adds that it is 
*' tres suspecte." 

VOL. I. 2 H 



466 PUPIENUS. 

FIMT BRASS. WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seatecL 

2. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTORVM. Liberality, standing. 

3. 
Same l^end. Three figures seated on an estrade, and two others 
standing; a third ascending the estrade. 

4. 
PAX. PVBLICA. Peace, seated. 

5. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. II. P. P. A figure in the toga, standing, holding an 
olive-branch and a sceptre. 

6. 
PROVIDENTIA. DEORVM. Providence, seated. 

7. 
SAL VS. PVBLICA. Hygeia seated, feeding a serpent 

8. 

VICTORIA. AVGG. Victoxyj standing, holding a palm-branch and a 

garland. 

9. 

VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. 3 is a vexy rare type. Nos. 2, 6, 7, and 9 are rarer than the 
remaining numbers. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated, 

2. 
lOVI. CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, standing. 

3. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victoiy, standing, with palm-branch and gariand. 

4. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

Nos. 1, 2, and 3 are equally rare. No. 4 is the rarest type. 



OORDIANUS III. 467 

GORDIANUS THE THIRD. 

[Marcus Antonius Gordianus, the son of Gordianus Afncanus the 
YouDger, was bom about the year of Rome 975 (A. D. 222). He was 
declared Caesar by the senate, when Balbinus andPupienus were elected 
emperors, in 991 (A. D. 238) ; and after their deaths, in the same 
year, was raised to the empire. Gordian was assassinated, at the 
instigation of Philip, the Praetorian praefect, in the year of Rome 
997 (A. D. 244)]. 

Style: M. ANT. GOBDIANVS. GORDIAN VS. CAES. 

M. ANT. GORDIANVS. CAES. IMP. M. ANT. GOR- 

DIANVS. IMP, C. (or CAES.) M. ANT. GORDIAN. (or 

GORDIANVS.) GORDIANVS. AVG. IMP. GORDI- 
ANVS. AVG. IMP. M. ANT. GORDIANVS. AVG. IMP. 

C. (or CAES.) M. ANT. GORDIANVS. AVG. [On reverse, 

sometimes, p. p.] IMP. CAES. GORDIANVS. PI VS. AVG. 

[On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] IMP. CAES. M. ANT. 

GORDIAN. (or GORDIANVS.) PIVS. AVG. IMP. GOR- 

DIANVS. PIVS. FEL. (or FELIX.) AVG. [On reverse, some- 
times, p. p. and on some few coins princeps. iwentvtis]. 

Gold medallion, of barbarous fabric ---------- R8 

„ of the usual size ----.-.---.---Rl 

„ quinarii ----------------R8 

Silver medallions ..............-R7 

„ of the usual size* -------------C 

„ large size ---------------- VC 

„ quinarii -------^--------R2 

Brass medallions ---..-....-....R4 

First and second brass -------.--•--• VC 

GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
IMP. GORDIANVS. PIVS. FELT, (tic) AVG. The head of Gordian, 
with radiated crown.— JBer. P. MLETHRM. ('wc;. PROPVGN ATO- 
REN. (sic). PII. Mars marching, with spear and shield. - AU 

This medallion is of barbarous fabric. Mionnet values it at 200 francs. 



* The denarii of this size have the laureated head ; the large size has the 
radiated head, as in the preceding reigns. Those which bear the title of 
Caesar, are R 4. 

2 H 2 



468 GORDIANUS III. 

2. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTL The three Monetae, gtanding. - - . AR 

3. 
MONETAE. AVGVSTL A amilar ^rpe. AR 

4. 
PROFECTIO. A V6. The emperor on horseback, accompanied by Vic- 
tory and Rome, and several soldiers on foot bearing standards. AR 

5. 
VICTORIA. AVG. The emperor attended by several figures, one of 
which is slaying a bull, sacrificing before a circular temple : on the 
front of which, is N6IKH OnAO<E>OPOC. 
In silver, Nos. 4 and 5 are much the rarest : they are composed of 
two leaves of silver stamped together. No. 4 is minutely described in 
the Catalogue D'Ennery, page 299. 

GOLD AND SILVER, OF THE USUAL SIZE, 
WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AETERNITAS. AVG. The Sun, standing, naked. (A qtdnaruu). AR 

2. 
AETERNITATL AVG. A similar type. AU & AR 

3. 
AEQVITAS. AVG. Equity, standing. AU 

4. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. Concord, seated. AU 

5. 
Same legend. Concord, standing before an altar. ----- AR 

6. 
CONCORDIA. MILIT. Concord, seated. AU & AR 

7. 
Same legend. A similar type. A gumarius, (Plate vUi, No. S). AR 

8. 
DIANA. LVCIFERA. Diana-Lucifera standing, holding two torches. 

AR 

9. 

F ELICIT. TEMP. Felicity, standing, holding a caduceus and cornu- 
copia ------------------ AU 



GORDIANUS III. 469 

10. 
FIDES. MILITVM. A female figure seated, holdiag a standard and a 
cornucopia. ---------------- AR 

11. 
Same legend. A female figure standing, holding a spear and an 
ensign. -- AU & AR 

12. 

lOVI. CONSERVATORI. Jupiter, standing; a small figure by his 
side. ------------------ AR 

13. 
lOVIS. STATOR. Jupiter-Stator. AR 

This type occurs in both sizes. 

14. 
lOVI. STATORI. Jupiter-Stator. AU & AR 

15. 
LAETITIA. AVG. N. A female standing, holding a garland and an 
anchor. ---------------- AU 

16. 
LIBERALITAS. AVG. Liberality, standing, holding a cap and a spear. 

AR 

17. 
LIBERALITAS.AVO.il. Liberah'ty, standing. AU 

18. ; 

LIBERALITAS. AVG. IL (or in. or IIII.) A similar type. - AR 

19. 
MARS. PROPVGNAT. Mars, marchmg. AR 

20. 
MARTEM. PROPVGNATOREM. A similar type. - - - - AR 

21. 
ORIENS. AVG. The Sun, standing. AR 

22. 
M. ANT. GORDIANVS. CAES. Bare head of Gordianua.— iZev. 
PIETAS. AVGG. Sacrificial instruments. AR 

23. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTL Piety, standing. AU & AR 



470 OORDIANUS III* 

24. 
P. M. TRI. P. CON. (tie). P. P. The emperor, sacrificmg on an altar. 
(KheU). AR 

25. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The empeK>r, on horseback. - - AR 

26. 
Same legend. A female figure standing, holding a branch and the 
hasta transversely. -------------- AU 

27. 
Same legend. A female figure standing, holding a globe and the 
hasta transversely. -----------.- AU 

28. 
Same legend. A military figure, standing. -.-.... AU 

29. 
Same legend. The emperor in the toga, sacrificing on a tripod. - AU 

30. 
Same legend. Jupiter, standing ; a small figure by his side. AU & AR 

31. 
Same l^end. Victory, marching. ---------- AU 

32. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. A figure in the toga, sacrificing on a 
tripod. ----------------- AU 

33. 
Same legend. A horseman. ------------ AR 

34. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. II. P. P. The emperor, in a quadriga, 
crowned by Victory. -----------'-- AR 

95. 
Same l^;end. A woman, seated. ---------- AR 

36. 
P. M. TR. P. nil. COS. II. P. P. A rimilar type. - - - - AU 

37. 
Same legend. The emperor in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. (Large 
size). ------------•*----"- AR 



GORDIANUS llh 471 

38. 
P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. P. P« The emperor in a quadriga, 
crowned by Victory; a foot-toldier preceding the quadrii^. - AU 

39. 
P. M. TR. P. VI. COS. II. P. P. The emperor standing, in a military 
habit, holding a spear and a globe. ..-...«. AU 

40. 
PRINCIPI. I WENT. A military figure standing; a globe in his 
right hand, and the hasta in his left (Miotmet). - - - - AR 

41. 
PROVID. AVG. Providence, standing, AU 

42, 
PROVIDENTIA. AVG. Providence standing, holding a globe and 
the hasta. ------- --- aU 

43. 
PVDICITIA. AVG. Pudicitia, seated. AR 

44. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rome, seated. (Aqumarhu), - - - AR 

45. 
SECVRIT. PERP. Security, leaning on a column. - - - - AU 

46. 
VENVS. VICTRIX. Venus-Victrix, standing. AR 

47. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A qmnarms)* ---... AU 

48. 
VICTORIA. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. AR 

49. 
Same legend, Victoiy, marching. ---------- AU 

50. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A ^iitfiortitf). ------AR 

51. 
VICTORIA. GORDIANI. AVG. Victory, marching. - - - AR 

52. 
VIRTVTI. AVGVSTI. Hercules, standing. AU 



472 aoRDiANUS iii. 

53. 

VIRTVTI. AVGVSTI. Hercules, standing. AR 

54. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A. qumarku), ------AR 

In gold, No. 47 Is by far the rarest type ; the next in rarity is No. 38. 
In silver, Nos. 37 and 40 are much the rarest ; Nos. 22, 34, 46, and 48, 
are much rarer than the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. AVGVSTI. The emperor, addressing his soldiers. 

2. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Monetae, standing. 

3. 

FELICITAS. AVGVSTI. The Praetorian triremus : below, VICT. 

GORDIANI. 

4. 

FIDES. EXERCITVS. Two military figures joining hands : Victory 

standing, and two ensigns : two figures with various attributes seated 

on the ground. 

5. 

FIDES. MILITI VM. S. C. A female figure standing, holding an ensign 

and a spear. 

6. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. II. The emperor seated on an estrade, 

two figures standing by : at the foot of the estrade, several figures. 

7. 
MVNIFICENTIA. GORDIANI. AVG. The amphitheatre, with 
columns and statues : a bull and an elephant fighting in the arena ; 
the emperor in the midst of the spectators, 

8. 
PAX. AETERNA. The emperor sacrificing, crowned by Victory : on 
his right hand, the Sun in a quadriga : before, two c^tives seated 
on the ground : three ensigns in the field. 

9. 
PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. (or COS. P. P.). The 
emperor in a quadriga, holding the Roman eagle. 



GORDIANUS III. 473 

10. 

PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. Rome seated, presenting 

8 globe to the emperor, who stands before her, accompanied by two 

soldiers. 

11. 

PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. P. P. The emperor in a 
quadriga, crowned by Victory, and preceded by three foot soldiers. 

12. 
Same legend. The emperor in a quadriga, full-faced, crowned by 
Victoxy : on each side, a foot soldier. 

13. 
P. M. TR. P. V. COS. II. The circus, with three obelisks, chariots, &c. 

14. 
Same legend. A similar type to No. 10. 

15. 

P. M. TR. P. VI. COS. II. P. P. The emperor on horseback, preceded 

by Victory and a soldier, and followed by three other soldiers. 

16. 
P. M. TR. P. VII. COS. II. P. P. The circus, with an obelisk: in the 
foreground, gladiators engaged in combat ; in the centre, a race of 
chariots : the emperor in a car drawn by six horses, crowned by 
Victory, and preceded by soldiers. 

17. 
TRAIECTVS. AVG. A triremus, with several figures. 

18. 

VICTORIA. AVG. The emperor seated, crowned by Victoxy: a 

captive at his feet; on his right, two soldiers, each holding a 

standard. 

19. 

VICTORIA. AVG. The emperor sacrificing before a circular 

temple, on the front of which is inscribed N6IKH. OIIAO- 
<^OPOC. Several figures assisting; one of them slaying a bull. 

20. / 

VICTORIA. AVGVSTI. A similar type, with OeOC. OHAO^OPOC. 
on the firont of the temple. 

21. 
Same legend. The emperor on horseback, preceded by Victory, and 

accompanied by four soldiers bearing standards. 



474 CORDIANUS HI. 

22: 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor seated on anits, crowned by 
Victory : before^ a figure and two standard-bearers. 

23. 

Same legend. The emperor marching, crowned by Victory : two soldiers 

and two captives. 

24. 

Same legend. The emperor seated on spoils : Rome standing, and two 

standard-bearers. 

Nos. 7, 13, and 16, are much the rarest; the next in rarity are Nos. 
14, 17, 19, 20. No. 5 is much less rare than the others. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. AVGVSTI. The emperor, addressing his soldiers. 

2. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Monetae, standing. 

3. 
AETERNITAS. AVGVSTI. An equestrian statue. 

4. 
FIDES. MILITVM. An equestrian statue between two standards. 

5. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. IIII. Three figures, seated: three 

others, standing. 

6. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. V. Liberality, standing. 

7. 
LIBERTAS. AVG. Liberty, standing, with her attributes. 

8. 
MARS. PROPVGNAT. Mars, marchmg. 

9. 
MARTEM. PROPVGNATOREM. A similar type. 

10. 
PIETAS. AVGG. Pontifical instruments. 

11. 

P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga. 



GORDIANUS III. 475 

12. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. The emperor on horseback. 

13. 

Same legend. The emperor in the toga, seated, holding a globe and a 

staff. 

14. 

VICTORIA. AVG. (or AVGVSTI.). The emperor on horseback, 

preceded by Victory. 

15. 

VIRTVS. AVG. An armed figure^ marching. 

16. 

VIRTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor on horseback, and a captive. 

17. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a laurel garland. 

No. 1 is a yeiy rare type ; No. 3 is the next in rarity ; then Nos. 5, 
11, and 16 : No. 7 is the least rare. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVSTI. III. The emperor seated, and four 

figures. 

2. 

MART. VICTOR. A sacrifice before a circular temple, on the front of 

which is inscribed GC OY. On AO^OPOY. 

3. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor in a quadriga. 

4. 
P. M. TR. P. VI. COS. II. P. P. The emperor in a military habit, 
holding a spear and a globe. 

5. 

PONTIF. MAXIM. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. Rome seated, and three 

figures standing. 

6. 

PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. A similar type. 

7. 
PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. III. (or IIII.) COS. II. P. P. The em- 
peror in a quadriga, crowned by Victory, and preceded by a soldier. 



476 GORDIANUS III. — TRANQUILLINA. 

8. 
TRAIECTVS. AVG. Several figures on a bridge of boats. 

9. 
Same legend. Several figures on a galley. 

10. 
VICTORIA. AVG. A sacrifice, before a circular temple, with NCIKH. 
OnAO^OPOC. inscribed on the front 

U. 
VIRTVS. AVGVSTI. The emperor seated, crowned by Victory : a 
military figure standing, and two ensigns. 

12. 
VIRTVTI. AVGVSTI. The emperor seated, and three figures standing. 

No. 2 is extremely rare. Nos. 7 and 10 are the next in rarity. Nos. 
5, 6, 9, are much rarer than the others. 

TRANQUILLINA. 

[Furia Sabina Tranquillina, the daughter of Misitheus, the Praetorian 
praefect, was married to the emperor, in the year of Rome 994 (A. D. 
241). She survived her husband, but the time of her decease is not 
known]. 

Sttlb : SABINA. TRANQVILLINA. AVG. (or AVGVSTA). 

The name of Furia is only found on the Greek coins of this empress. 

Gold (no authentic coins; that which has her head^reo^M, that of 
Gordian, is a modem fabrication). 

Silver -------------------R8 

„ quinarii ----------------R8 

First brass R8 

Second brass -----------------R6 

There are spurious imitations of the coins of this lady in each metal : 
some of those in silver, are, however, too clumsy to deceive any one the 
least acquainted with ancient coins. 

SILVER. 

1, 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. The empress and Gordian, joining hands. 
(Plate om. No, 4). 
Kfiell has published a gold coin of this type, which Is false. 






• TRANQUILLINA — PHILIPPUS. 477 

2. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. 

No. 2 18 the rarest At the sale of the Hendenon collectioni No. 1, very 
fine, brought 251, 

FIRST BRASS. 

1. 

CONCORDIA, AVGVSTORVM. (or AVGG.) The empress and 

Goidian, joining hands. 

2. 

FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. FeUcity, standing, with her attributes. 

3. 

PVDICITIA. AVG. Pudicitia seated, holding the hasta. 

No. 3 is the least rare. 

SECOND BRASS. 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. Tranquillina and Gordian, joining 
hands. 

PHILIPPUS THE FATHER. 

[Marcus Julius Philippus was bom at Bostra in Arabia, in the year of 
Rome 957 (A. D. 204). Upon the death of Misitheus, praefect of the 
Praetorians, Gordian promoted Philip to that rank, in 996 (A. D. 
243). Philip procured the death of his master, and was elected 
emperor by the Praetorian soldiers in the following year. Haying 
been defeated in a battle with Trajan Dedus, whom the army in 
Pannonia had proclaimed emperor, he was slain near Verona, in the 
year of Rome 1002 (A. D. 249)]. 

Style : IMP. M. IVL. FILIPPVS.(«c). IMP. M. IVL. PHILIP- 

PVS. CAESAR. M. IVL. (or IVLIVS.) PHILIPPVS. AVG. 

(or AVGVSTVS.) IMP. PHILIPPVS. AVG. [On reverse, 

sometimes, p. p.] IMP. IVL. PHILIPPVS. AVG. IMP. M. 

IVL. PHILIPPVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p.] 

IMP. C. (or CAES.) M. IVL. PHILIPPVS. AVG. [On reverse, 
p. p.] M. PHILIPPVS. AVG. P. P.— IMP. IVL. PHI- 
LIPPVS. P. F. AVG. IMP. M. IVL. PHILIPPVS. (or 

FILIPPVS.) P. (or PIVS.) F. (or FEL.) AVG. IMP. C. (or 

CAES. or CAESAR.) M. IVL. (or IVLIVS.) PHILIPPVS. (or 
PHILIPPOS. or FILIPPVS.) P. (or PIVS.) F. (or FE. or FEL.) 
AVG. 



478 PHILIPPUS. 

Gold medallions (of barbarous fabric) ---------R7 

„ of the usual size --------R6 

„ quinarii ----------------Rg 

Silver medallions ---------------R6 

„ of the usual si7.e ------------- VC 

Brass medallions ---------------R5 

First brass VC 

Second brass ----------------- VC 

GOLD AND SILVER MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTL The three Monet®, standing. - - AR 

2. 
AEQVITAS. PVBLICA. A similar type. AR 

3. 
PHILIPHVS. (sk) FIVS. (aic) AVGG. (sic), A female head, with 
winged helmet.— Rev. ENTTLOICKCSS. (sic), A soldier, stand- 
ing; a spear in his right, and a globe in his left hand. - - AU 

This medallion is of barbarous workmanship. 

4. 
VICTORIA. A VG. Victory, marching. AR 

No. 3 is valued by Mionnet at 150 francs. No. 4 is the rarest silver 
medallion. 

GOLD AND SILVER. OF THE USUAL SIZE. 
WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. (or AVGVSTL or AVGG.) The emperor on 
horseback. ----- ----------- AR 

2. 
AETERNITAS. AVGG. A figure riding on an elephant - - AR 

3. 
AETERNITAS. IMPERII. The Sun, naked, standing. - - - AR 

4. 
ANNONA. AVGG. The usual type of Annona. AU 



.J 



PHILIPPUS. 479 

a 

DE. PIA. MATRE. PIVS. FILIVS. The heads of OtacUia, and PhUip 
the son, face to face. ------------- AR 

This extremely rare type is valued by Mionnet at 400 francs. 

6. 
FELICITAS. IMPP. within a laurel garland. AR 

7. 
FIDES. MILIT* A female iigure, holding two standards. (A quina- 
ruu). AU 

8. 
FIDES. MILITVM. A female figure, holding a standard and a 
cornucopia. -------------- AU & AR 

9. 
FORTVNA. REDVX. Fortune, seated. AU 

10. 
IMP. PHILIPPVS. AVG. Head of Philip the elder, with radiated 
crown. (This type is on both sides of the coin). . - - - AR 

11. 
LAET. FVNDATA. Laetitia, standing, holding a rudder and a gar- 
land. AU 

12. 
LIBERALITVS. A VGG. II. (or III.). Liberality, standing. AU&AR 

13. 
MARCIA. OTACIL. SEVERA. AVG. Head of Marcia Otacilia. 
(SeeKheU), AU 

14. 
PAX. AETERNAE. Peace, standing, holding an oUve branch. • AU 

15. 
PAX. FVNDATA. CVM. PERSIS. Peace, standing, holding an oKve 
branch and the hasta transversely. -------- aR 

16. 
PIETAS. AVGG. The heads of Otacilia and the younger Philip, face 
to face. ----------------- AR 

This, and the following type, are valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 



480 PHILIPPUS. 

17. 
PIETAS. AVGG. The heads of Otacilia and the younger Philip, face 
to face. - ---------.---.-- AR 

This coin is of a smaller size than the preceding one, from which it 
differs only in one respect; namely, in the laureated head of Philip. On 
the large size, the head of the emperor has the radiated crown. Alter 
this reign, denarii of two sizes are no longer found. 

18. 
Same legend. The head of Otacilia. -..-..... AR 

This type is valued hy Mionnet at 100 francs. 

19. 
P. M. TR. P. II. COS. P. P. The emperor seated, holding a globe and 
a staff. AU 

20. 
P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. P. P. A veiled figure, standing. - AR 

21. 
PROVINCIA. DACIA. AN. II. The Province, between two animals. 

Valued by Mionnet at fifty francs. --....... AR 

22. 

ROMAJ:. AETERNAJ:. Rome-Nicephore, seated. . . . . AU 

23. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. I. A Hon, walking. AU 

24. 
SAECVLVM. NOVVM. A statue of Jupiter within a temple. - AR 

25. 
SECVRIT. ORBIS. Security, seated. (KheU). - - - AU & AR 

26. 
SPES. FELICITATIS. ORBIS. Hope. AR 

27. 
VICTORIA. CARPIA. Victory, marching. AR 

28. 
VIRTVS. AVG. €. Two horsemen. AU & AR 

In gold. No. 13 is much the rarest; Nos. 7, 25, and 28, are much 
rarer than the other numbers. In silver. No. 5 is by far the rarest; 
Nos. 16 and 17 are extremely rare, as is also No 18. No. 21 is a very 
rare type. 



PHILIPPUS. 481 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. AVGG. The usual type. 

2. 
AEQVITAS. AVGVSTI. The three Monetre, standing. 

3. 
FELICITAS. POPVLL ROM. Jupiter and the emperor, standing : 
two soldiers, each holding an ensign. 

4. 
P. M. TR. P. COS. P. P. The emperor and Philip the younger, in 
militaiy habits, standing; and two or three soldiers holding ensigns. 

5. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. The Philips sacrificing at an altar 
standing before a temple; two figures attending. 

6. 
Without legend. The emperor in the paludamentum, standing in the 
midst of four soldiers, two of whom hold ensigns. 

The above are valued by Mionnet at from 100 to 150 francs. 

[PHILIP THE ELDER AND OTACILIA]. 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of Philip and Otacilia, 
face to face.— Am LIBERALITAS. AVGG. The elder and the 
younger Philip seated on an estrade, between Liberality and two 
other figures. 

Mionnet values this at 300 francs. 

[PHILIP AND HIS SON]. 

1. 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the elder and the 

younger Philip, face to face; the first laureated, the other bare. — 

Rev. ADLOCVTIO. AVGVSTORVM. The PhiKps standing on 

an estrade, attended by the Praetorian praefect, addressing their 

troops. 

2. 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the elder and the 

younger Philip, face to face ; the first laureated, the other bare. — 

VOL. I. 2 1 



482 PHiLippus. 

Rev. ADVENTVS. AVGVSTORVM. Three howemen, preceded 
by Victory, and followed by five soldierB, three of whom bear 
standards: two captives on the ^ound. 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the elder and the 
younger Philip, face to face; the first laureated, the other bare. — 
Rev. PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. P. P. The 
Philips in a triumphal quadriga; Victory placing a crown on the 
head of one of them : on each side of the quadriga, a foot soldier. 

These are valued by Mionnet at 200 francs each. 

[PHILIP THE ELDER, OTACILIA, AND PHILIP THE YOUNGER]. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the elder Philip and 
Otacilia, side by side; and the bare head of the younger Philip, 
full-faced.— iZ^v. EX. ORACVLO. APOLLINIS. A statue of 
Apollo, seated within a circular temple, surmounted by the figure 
of an eagle with expanded wings. 

2. 
Same legend, and same heads.— iZev. GERM. MAX. CARPICI. 
MAX. III. ET. II. COS. Mars and Victory in the air, presenting 
their hands to the Philips, who are entering a triumphal chariot 
drawn by four horses: near the wheels of the car, two captives, 
with their hands bound, seated on the ground. 

3. 
Same legend, and same heads.— 2{tfo. P. M. TR. POT. III. COS. II. 
P. P. — A spacious inclosure, within which are Philip, Otacilia, and 
their son, seated; before them, two figures standing, and three 
others seated : in another place, six figures standing, in the midst of 
whom is a female, holding two children by the hand. 
This medallion is composed of two metals. 

4. 
Another, similar, but with the head of Otacilia facing those of die elder 
and the younger Philip, which are side by side. 

5. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. The two Philips seated on an estrade, 
at the foot of which are several figures standing, one of which holds 
by the hand two girls. 



PHiLippus. 483 

6. 
P. M. TR. P. III. COS. P. P. The two Philips in the toga, sacrificing 
on an altar before the door of a temple, ornamented with statues : 
two lictors holding the fasces. 

7. 
PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. P. P. The two Philips in 
a quadriga, Aill-faced, one of them crowned by Victory : on each 
side of the horses, a foot soldier. 

8. 
Three others, varying but little from the above type. 

9. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. A circus, with chariots: a palm-tree. 

10. 

SAECVLVM. NOVVM. The two emperors sacrificing before a temple; 

several other figures assisting, one of which is playing the flute. 

11. 
VICTORIA. AV6VST0RVM. - The two emperors standing, each with 
the paludamentum, supporting a globe surmounted by a figure of 
Victory; a Praetorian soldier on each side. 

12. 

VICTORIAE. AVGVSTORVM. Two Victories standing, holding a 

buckler, inscribed VOTIS. 

13. 

Another, with a similar type, but mounted in a large fluted circle. 
The above are valued by Mionnet at from 200 to 300 francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADLOCVTIO. AVGG. The Philips, addressing their troops. 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVGG. The emperor on horseback. 

3. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. The two Philips seated, and three figures 

standing. 

4. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGVST. III. Liberality, standing. 

2i2 



484 PHiLiPPUS. 

5. 
MILLIARIVM. SAECVLVM. An altar, inscribed COS. III. 

6. 

NOBILITAS. AVGG. A female standing, holding a globe and the 

hastapura. 

7. 

P. M. TR, P. II. {or nil.) COS. P. P. (or COS. II.) The emperor 

seated, holding a globe. 

8. 

SAECVLARES. AVGG. Romulus and Remus suckled by the wol£ 

9. 
Same legend. A lion, walking. 

10. 

Same legend. A cippus, inscribed COS. III. 

11. 
TRANQVILLITAS. AVGG. A female, standing. 

12. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. I is an extremely rare type ; Nos. 2 and 3 are very rare ; and 
No. 5 is rarer than the remaining numbers. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AD VENT VS. AVGG. The emperor on horseback. 

2. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG. The Philips seated, and two figures. 

3. 
MARCIA. OTACIL. SEVERA. AVG. The head of Otacilia. 

4. 
MILLIARIVM. SAECVLVM. A cippus, inscribed COS. III. 

5. 
NOBILITAS. AVGG. Same type as the first brass, No. 6. 

6. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. 3 is a very rare type, and No. 2 is much rarer than the others. 



OTACILIA. 485 

OTACILIA. 

[Marcia Otacilia Severa, wife of the emperor Philip L, was married to 
him before his election to the empire, about the year of Rome 990, 
(A. D. 234), and after his death retired to private life. She died 
about the year of Rome, 1002 (A. D. 249)]. 

Style: MARCIA. OTACILIA. SEVERA. OTACIL. (or 

OTACILIA.) SEVERA. AVG. M. (or MAR. or MARC, or 

MARCIA.) OTAC. (or OTACIL. or OTACILIA.) SEVERA. 
AVG. (or AVGVSTA.)— !-M. OT. SEVERA. AVG. M. C. 

Gold R5 

Silver C 

„ with her head on each side ----------R4 

Brass medallions ---------------R5 

First brass VC 

Second brass -----------------C 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. AU 

2. 

FECVNDITAS. TEMPORVM. A female seated, and two children. 

AR 
3. 

IMP. M. IVL. PHILIPPVS. AVG. Head of Philip, with radiated 
crown. ----------------- AR 

4. 
IMP. PHILIPPVS. AVG. Laureated head of PhiUp. - - - AU 

5. 
IVNO. CONSERVAT. Juno, standing. AR 

6. 
MARC. OTACIL. SEVERA. AVG. (or OTACIL. SEVERA.). The 
head of the empress, as on the other side. ------AR 

7. 
PIETAS. AVG. N. A woman, with an infent, standing. - - - AR 

8. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTAE. Piety, standing. --.-..- AR 



486 OTACILIA. 

9. 
PVDICITIA. {or PVDICITIA. AVG.). Pudicitia, seated. AU & AR 

10. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rom a- Victrix, seated. AR 

11. 
SECVRIT. (or SECVRITAS.) ORBIS. A female, seated. - - AU 

12. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. Acippus. AU 

In gold, No. 4 is much the rarest; Nos. 11 and 12 are much rarer 
than the others. In sflver, Nos. 2 and 3 are extremely rare, and of 
these No. 3 is the rarest. No. 6 is a very rare type ; and No. 10 is 
rarer than the remaining numbers. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FELICITAS. TEMPORVM. Three women, standing : one, with a 
peacock at her feet, and holding a patera ; the middle one holding 
an infant, and the third holding a caduceus. 

2. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTAE. A woman standing, in the midst of four young 
girls. ^ 

PVDICITIA. AVG. Pudicitia seated; Felicity standing, with two 

children by her side. 

4. 

TEMPORVM. FELICITAS. Otacilia seated between Hygeia and 

Felicity : at the feet of Otacilia, two children. 

5. 
Same legend. Otacilia seated between Eternity and Felicity : two 

children at the feet of the empress. 

No. 3 is the least rare. 

[OTACILIA. PHILIP, AND PHIUP THE YOUNGER.] 

1. 
MARCIA. OTACIL. SEVERA. AVG. Head of Otacilia. — ^«;. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the two Philips ; that 
of the elder, laureated ; the other, bare. 

There is a modem fabrication of this yery rare medallion. 



OTACILIA— PHILIPPU8 THE YOUNGER. 487 

2. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. III. ET. II. COS. The bureated head 
of the Philips, face to face. 

The fint of these is much rarer than the other. 

• FIRST BRASS, WITH HARE REVERSES. 

1. 
IVNO. CONSEHVATRIX. Juno, standing. 

2. 
MILLIARIVM. SAECVLVM. A cippus. 

3. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. A goat 

4. 
Same legend. A hippopotamus. 

5. 
Same legend. A cippus. 

No. 2 is the rarest, and No. 1 is the least rare. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Concord, seated. (Largie size). 

2. 
MILLIARIVM. SAECVLVM. A cippus. 

3. 
PI ETAS. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the two Philips, face to face ; 
that of the father, laureated; the other, hare. 

4. 
PVDICITIA. AVG. Pudicitia seated, with an infant hy her side, and 

a woman standing. 

5. 

SAECVLARES. AVGG. A cippus. 

No. 3 is an extremely rare type. No. 4 is very rare. 

PHILIPPUS THE YOUNGER. 

[Marcus Julius Philippus, son of the elder Philip and OtaciUa, was born 
about the year of Rome 990 (A. D. 237). He was declared Caesar 
by his father in 997 (A. D. 244), and in 1000 (A. D. 247), was 



488 PHILIPPUS THE YOUNGER. 

associated with Philip in the empire with the title of Augustus. He 
was killed by the Praetorian soldiers a short time after the murder of 
his father, in 1002 (A. D. 249)]. 

Style: M. IVL. PHILIP, {or PHILIPPVS.) CAE. (or CAES.) 

[On reverse, oflen, princeps. ivvent. {or ivventvtis.] — ^— M. 
IVL. PHILIPPVS. NOB. (or NOBIL.) CAES. [On reverse, 

peinceps. iwentvtis.] IMP. PHILIPPVS. aVg. [On 

reverse, sometimes, princeps. iwent.] IMP. M. IVL. PHI- 
LIPPVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p. {or princeps. 

IVVENT.)] IMP. C. (or CAES.) M. IVL. PHILIPPVS; AVG. 

IMP. C. M. IVL. PHILIPPVS. P. F. AVG. 

Gold R2 

Silver medallions ---------------R5 

„ of the usual size -------------C 

„ with bare head --------------R4 

„ quinarii, with bare head ---------. -R4 

Brass medallions .---.----------B.4 

First and second brass --------------C 

SILVER MEDALLION. 
AEQVITAS. AVGG. The three Monet», standing. 
Mionnet values this medallion at 200 francs. 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
AETERNITAS. AVGG. An elephant, with the driver on ito back. AR 

2. 
FELICITAS. AVGG. FeUcity, standing. AR 

3. 
lOVL CONSERVAT. Jupiter, standing. AR 

4. 

LIBERALITAS. AVGG. III. PhiHp the elder, and PhiUp the 
younger, seated on the curule, chair. -------- AR 

5. 
.PIETAS.AVGG.(orAVGVSTOR.). Sacrificial mstruments. AU&AR 

6. 
P. M. TR. P. VI. COS. P. P. A lion, with radiated head - - - AR 



« 



PHILIPPUS THE YOUNGER. 489 

7. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENT. A military figure standing, and two ensigns. AU 

8. 
Same legend. A military figure marching, and a soldier. - - - AR 

9. 
Same legend. The emperor in a military hahit, holding a globe and a 
spear. ---------------- AU&AR 

10. 
Same legend and type. (A qumarku). -------- AR 

11. 
Same legend. A similar type ; a bull reclining. ------ AR 

12. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTYTIS. A figure standing, holding an ensign and 
a spear --------------- AU & AR 

13. 
SAECVLVM. NOVVM. A statue, within a temple. - - - - AR 

14. 
SPES. PVBLICA. Hope. AR 

15. 
VICTORIA. AVGG. Victory, marching - AR 

In gold, No. 5 is much the rarest In silver, No. 1 is the rarest, 
excepting the quinarius, No. 10. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 

PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. IV. COS. II. Victory sittmg on spoils 

before a trophy, holding a buckler, inscribed VICTOR. AVGG. 

2. 
PONTIFEX. MAX. TR. P. V. COS. III. A simiUr type, with 
VICTORIA. AVGG. on the buckler. 

3. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. The emperor standing: a soldier and 

three standards. 

4. 

Same legend. The emperor, standing between two soldiers, one of 
whom is placing a jtarland upon his head. 



490 PHILIPPUS THE YOUNGER. 

5. 
SAECVLVM. NOVVM. The two Philips veiled, sacrificing before 
a temple with eight columns; five figures assisting, one of them 
playing on the flute. 

No. 5 is by ^ th^ rarest; and No. 4 is rarer than the others. • 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVfeHSES. 

1. 
LIBERALITAS. AVGG, III. The two PhiUps, seated. 

2. 

PRINCIPI. I WENT. The emperor, marching, holding a spear and 

a globe. 

3, 

Same legend. The emperor seated, holding a globe and a spear. 

4. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. A hippopotamus. 

5. 
Same I^end. A goat 

6. 

Same legend. A cippus: above, COS. II. 

7. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

Nos. 4 and 7 are the rarest types. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
MILLIARIVM. SAECVLVM. A cippus : above, COS. III. 

2. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of the two PhiUps, face to face. 

3. 
P. M. TR. P. IIII. COS. II. P. P. The emperor seated, holding a globe. 

4. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. A cippus : above, COS. II. 

5. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. 2 is extremely rare. Nos. 1 and 5 are rarer than the others. 



MARIN us — PACATI AN US. 49 1 



MARINUS. 



[Marinus was commander of the legion in Moesia and Pannonia, and 

caused himself to he proclaimed emperor, in the year of Rome 1002 

(A. D. 249). He was killed hy his soldiers upon their hearing that 

Philip had sent an army against him]. 

First hrass (struck at Philippopolis, in Thrace) .....-R8 

Second brass (struck at the same place) -.---..•sR5 

There are no Latin coins. 

Mionnet is of opinion that the Ghreek coins bearing the legend 
GEO Mi&RINQ should not be assigned to this Marinus. Their fabric 
is that of Arabia, and he thinks that it may possibly be the name of 
Philip's father. Mons. Tochon dAnneci was of this opinion; and 
supposes the coin alluded to, to have been struck at Philippopolis in 
Arabia, in honour of the fether of the elder Philip, or of some relative of 
the family. 

lOTAPIANUS. 

[lotapianus caused himself to be proclaimed emperor in Syria, about the 
same time that Marinus assumed the purple in Moesia. He was put 
to death in the beginning of the reign of Trajan Decius]. 

Style : IMP. M. F. R. lOTAPI ANVS. A. 

Mionnet supposes the letters M. F. R., to signify Marcus Fulvius Rufus. 

Base silver, of the usual size ------------R8 

IMP. M. F. R. lOTAPIANVS. A. Head of lotapian to the right, with 
radiated crown.— iRw. VICTORIA. AV€ . (sic). Victory marching 
to the left, with garland and palm branch. (PltOe ottt, No. 5).* 

Mionnet values this coin at 600 francs. 

PACATIANUS. 

[Tiberius Claudius Marius (or Marcius) Pacatianus, is only known by his 
coins. History makes no mention of a usurper of this name, and some 
antiquaries are of opinion that Marinus and Pacatian are the same 
personages, and that the prenomen mar. should be read marinvs, 
instead of Marius or Marcius. From the fabric of the coins described 



* The coins of this usurper, as well as those of Pacatianus and Sponsianus, 
engraved in Plate vaL, are in the collection of the Bihliolheque du Roi, at Paris. 



492 PACATIANUS — SPONSIANUS. 

belowy it would seem that Pacatian assumed the puiple about the same 
time as Marinus and lotapian. The theatre of his revolt was, most 
probably, in Gaul, where his coins have been discovered ; but this has 
been disputed. Fere Khell, in his supplement to Vaillant, thinks that 
the passage in Eutropius, Lib. ix., alludes to the revolt in favour 
of Pacatian. 

Style : IMP. TI. CL. MAR. PACATIANVS. AVG. IMP. TI. 

CL. MAR. PACATIANVS. P. F. AVG. 

Silver, of the usual size ----------- --R8 

SILVER. 

1. 
CONCORDIA. MILITVM. Concord, seated. 

2. 
FIDES. MILITVM. A female standing, holding two ensigns. 

3. 
FORTVNA. REDVX. Fortune, seated. 

4. 
PAX. AETERNA. Peace, standing. 

5. 
ROMAE. AETER. AN. MILL. ET, PRIMO. Roma-Victrix, seated. 
(Plaie viu, No. 6). 

The last No. is much rarer than the others. Mionnet values it at 400 
francs, and the others at 300 francs each. 



SPONSIANUS. 

[This usurper is not mentioned by any historian ; but it is presumed that 
he assumed the purple about the same period as the two former 
personages. This belief is strengthened by the fact that the medallion 
described below, is of the same barbarous &bric as those of Gordian 
and the elder Philip (see pages 467 and 478). There are several 
medallions of Sponsianus, in the Imperial Cabinet at Vienna, 

Style : IMP. SPONSI ANL 

Gold medallions --------- R7 



TRAJAN us DECIUS. 493 

IMP. SPONSIANI. (He). Head of Sponsianiu to the right, with 
radiated crown. — Eev. C. AVG. A column, surmounted by a 
statue, holding a spear in the right hand : on one side a man in the 
toga, standing, holding something not distinguishable; on the other 
side an augur, holding the lituus : at the base of the column an ear 
of com on each side. {Plate Wis, No. 7). 

Mionnet values these medallions at 150 francs each. 

TRAJANUS DECIUS. 

[Caius Messius Quintus Trajanus Decius, was bom at Bubalia, near 
Slnnium in Pannonia, in the year of Rome 954 (A. D. 201). Upon 
the revolt of the legions in favour of Marinus, he was sent by Philip 
into Maesia and Pannonia, to suppress the insurrection, when he 
caused himself to be proclaimed emperor, and subsequently defeated 
Philip near Verona. Decius lost his life in a battle with the Goths, in 
the year of Rome 1004 (A. D. 251), after a reign of two years. 

Style : IMP. C. M. Q, TRAIANVS. DECIVS. IMP. TRAIA- 

NVS. DECIVS. AVG. IMP. CAE. (or CAES.) TRA. (or 

TRAIAN.) DEC. (or DECIVS.) A. (or AVG.) IMP. CAES. 

Q. THAI. DECIVS. AVG. IMP. C. M. Q. TRAIANVS. 

DECIVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, p. p. or princbps. 

iwENTVT.] IMP. CAES. C. MESS. Q. DECIVS. TRA I. AVG. 

IMP. CAES. C. MESS. THAI. Q. DECIVS. AVG: IMP. 

CAES. TRA. (or TRAI.) DECIVS. P. F. (or FEL.) A. (or AVG.) 

IMP. C. MESS. Q. TRAI. DECIVS. P. F. A. [The last two 

titles on colonial coins only]. 

Gold R5 

Silver medallions -------- ----.--R3 

„ of the usual size -------------- VC 

„ quinarii ---- ---..-.R4 

Brass medallions ---- Rl 

First brass VC 

Second brass -----------------C 

Third brass Rl 

SILVER MEDALLION. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. The heads of Etmscilla and her sons, &ce to face. 
Mionnet values this medallion at 300 francs. 



494 TRAJANUS DECIUS. 

GOLD AND SILVER OF THE USUAL SIZE. 
WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ABVNDANTIA. AVG. Abundance, standing. AU 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor on horseback. - - - AU & AR 

3. 
AEQVITAS. AVG. Equity, standing. AU 

4. 
DACIA. The Province standing, holding a spear, surmounted by the 
head of an ass. ------------ AU 8c AR 

5. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A gumariut). ------ AR 

6. 
DACIA. FELIX. The province standing, holding an ensign. AU & AR 

7. 
GENIVS. EXERC. ILLYRICIANI. The genius standing, with the 
modius on his head, and holding a patera and a cornucopia: a 
military standard on one side. ---------- AU 

There is a modem fabrication of this coin. 

8. 
GENIVS. ILLYRICI. The genius naked, standing, holding a patera 
and a cornucopia. ------------- \u 

9. 
LIBERTAS. AVGG. Liberty, standing. - - - AR 

10. 
PANNONIAE. Two females standing, holding between them a 
miUtaiy ensign. (Plate iwi, iVo. 8). AU & AR 

11. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVT. A soldier standing, and a captive. - AR 

12. 
PVDICITIA. AVG. Pudicitia, seated. AR 

13. 
SAECVLARES. AVGG. VL A goat AR 



TRAJANUS DECIUS. 495 

14. 
VBERITAS. AV6. A woman standing, holding a purse and a cornu- 
copia. --------------- AU & AR 

15. 
VERITAS. AVG. A female figure, standing. AR 

16. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victory, marching. AU & AR 

17. 
VICTORIA. GERMANIC A. The emperor on horseback, preceded by 
Victory. AR 

18. 
VIRTVS. AVG. Rome seated on a coat of mail, holding a laurel- 
branch and a spear. ------------- AR 

In gold, Nos. 8, 10, 14, and 16, are much the rarest In silver, 
No. 5 is much the rarest Nos. 11, 12, 13, and 17, are rarer than the 
remainder. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
FELICITAS. SAECVLI. S. C. Felicity, standing. 

2. 
MONETA. AVG. The three Monetse standing. 

3. 
PANNONIAE. Two females, standing; one of them holding an 
ensign ; another ensign in the field. 

4. 
VICTORIA. AVG. S. C. Victory, marching. 

Nos. 2 and 3 are the rarest, but these do not bear high prices. At the 
sale of the Tratde collection, No. 1 brought but 2L 3«. though fine and of 
a large size. 

[TRAJANUS DECIUS AND ETRUSCILLA.] 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTI. The heads of Trajanus Decius and 
Etruscilla, face to face. — Rev. DACIA. A female standing, 
holding a spear. 

This is valued by Mionnet at 200 francs. 



496 TRAJAN us DECIUS. 

[TRAJANUS DECIUS, ETRUSCILLA, AND THEIR SONS]. 

CONCORDIA. AVGVSTORVM. The heads of Trajanus Decius 
and EtrusciUa, face to face.—Eev^ PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. 
The heads of Hostillian and Herenniua Etnucua, fiice to face. 

This is the rarest of the brass medallions of this fieonily. Mionnet 
values it at 250 francs. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

• 1. 

ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. 

2. 
CAES. DECENNALIA. PEL. S. C. within a laurel garland. 

3. 
DACIA. FELIX. Dacia personified, standing, holding a military 

ensign. 

4. 

LIBERALITAS. AVG. Three figures on an estrade, and another at 

the base of the estrade. 

5. 

Same legend. Liberality, standing. 

6. 
VICTORIA. A VGG. Victory marching, with garland and palm branch. 

7. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a laurel garland. 

No. 2 is an extremely rare type. No. 4 is very rare ; and Nos. 1, 3, 
7, are rarer than the remainder. 

SECOND BRASS. WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor, on horseback. 

2. 
FELICITAS. SAECVLI. FeUdty, standing. 

3. 
PANNONIAE. Two women standing, holding ensigns. 

4. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a laurel garland. 

No. 1 is much the rarest 



TRAJANUS DECIUS — ETRUSCILLA. 497 

THIRD BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
S. C. A soldier, armed with a spear and shield. 

2. 
Another, of a smaller size. 

ETRUSCILLA. 

[Herennia Etrusdlla, the wife of Trajan Decius, is only known by her 

coins, and by an inscription]. 

Style : HER. (or HERENNIA.) ETRVSCILLA. AVG. 

Gold R6 

saver C 

Brass medallions ----------..--_- Ri 

First brass Rl 

Second brass -----------------S 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ABVNDANTIA. AVG. A female figure^ standing. - - - - AR 

2. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. Dediu, on horseback. AR 

3. 
FECVNDITAS. AVGG. A female figure standing, and a child. AR 

4. 
IVNO. REGINA. Juno, standing. AR 

5. 
LIBERT AS. AVG. Liberty standing, leaning on a column. - - AR 

6. 
PVDICITIA. AVG. Pudidtia seated (or standing). - - - - AU 

7. 
SAECVLVM. NOWM. A statue, within a temple. - - - - AR 

8. 
VBERITAS. AVG. A female figure, standing. AR 

TOL. I. 2 K * 



496 ETRU8CILLA — HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS. 

9. 
VERITAS. AVG. A female figure standing, holding a pane and a 
cornucopia, ----------r----- AR 

The gold type is valued hy Mionnet at 200 francs. In diver, Nos. 1, 
2, 5, 7, and 9 are the rarest. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 

1. 
PVDICITIA. AVG. S. a Pudicitia, seated. 

2. 
VESTA, Six females, sacrificing hefore a temple. 

The first is valued at 18 francs, and the other at 150 firancs, by Mionnet 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1, 
CONCORDIA. AVG. Concord, seated. 

2. 
FEC VNDITAS. AVG. A female figure standing ; a chfld by her side. 

No. 1 is the rarest. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
FECVNDITAS. AVG. A female figure, standing; a child hy her ode. 

2. 
PVDICITIA. AVGVSTAE. Pudicitia, seated. 

3. 

Same legend. A woman, seated between two others, standing. 

This medal is composed of two metals without the S. C. It is very rare. 

HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS. 

[Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Trajanus Dedus, the son of 

Trajan Decius and EtrusciUa, was bom in the year of Rome , and 

created Caesar by hb &ther in 1002 (A. D. 249). In 1004 (A. D. 251) 
he was raised to the rank of Augustus. He perished with his fisther 
in battle]. 



HEREKNIUS ETRUSCUS. 499 

Style : Q. H. (or HER.) ETR. MES. DEC. CAES. HEREN. 

ETRV. MES. QV. DECIVS. CAESAR. a HERE. TRAIA- 

NVS. DECIVS. NOB. C. Q. HK {or HER.) ETR. {or 

ETRUSC.) ME. {or MES.) DECIVS. NO. {or NOB.) C. [On 

revene, sometimea^ princeps. iwentvtib.] IMP. C. HER. 

MES. DECIVS. AVG. IMP. C. Q. HER. ETR. MES. 

DECIVS. AVG. [On reverse, sometimes, priitc. ivveht.] 

Gold R8 

Sflver C 

,, with the title of Augustus ■.•.......---R2 

„ quinarii- ----------------R6 

First brass R2 

„ with the tide of Augustas ---------R4 

Second brass -----------------R2 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. Herennius Etruscus, on horseback. - - - AR 

2. 
CONCORDIA. AVG. (or A VGG.) Two hands, joined. - - - AR 

3. 
CONCORDIAE. A similar type. (FaUlani). AR 

4. 
GENIVS. EXERCIT. ILLYRICIANI. The Genius standing, naked, 
holding a patera and cornucopia; the modius on his head: on 
one side, a standard. ------------- AR 

5. 
MAR. PROP. Mars, marching. AR 

The head side has the title of Augustus. 

6. 
MARTI. PROPVGNATORI. A similar type. AR 

7. 
PANNONIAE. Pannnonia standing, holding a helmet and standard. AR 

8. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. Sacrificial instruments (or Mercury, 
standing). ---------------- AR 



500 HERENNIUS BTRUSCU& 

9. 
P. M. TR. P. II. CONS. v. Herennius EtruBCiis in the toga, sacrificiDg. 

AR 

10. 

PRINC. IVVENT. A figure, seated. AU 

11. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. A miUtaiy figure, standing. AU & AR 

12. 
Same legend. A similar type. (A gumariiu), .-..--. AR 

13. 
SECVRITAS. AVGG. Security, leaning on a column. - - - AR 

14. 
SPES. PVBLICA. The emperor, within a temple. AR 

15. 
VICTORIA. GERMANICA. Victory, marching. AR 

16. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garhmd. AR 

In gold, the types ahove described, are equally rare. Mionnet values 
them at 600 francs each. In silver. No. 16 is the rarest The next in 
rarity are Nos. 12, 13, and 14. Nos. 4, 5, 7, 9, and 15, are rarer than 
the remaining numbers. 

FIRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PACI. A temple with six columns. 

2. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. Herennius Etruscus, standing in a mili- 
tary hahit, holding a sceptre and a spear. 

3. 
The same type, hut on a larger size. 

4. 
Same legend. Etruscus standing, holding a standard and a spear. 

5. 

Same legend. A female figure seated, holding a laurel branch. 

6. 
PI ETAS. AVGG. Mercury, standing. 



r^ 



^ 



HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS — H0STILIANU8. 501 

7. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. Sacrificial instnunents. 

No. 3 is the rarest. The next in rarity is No. 7; then No. I. The 
others are much less rare. 

SECOND BRASS. 

1. 

PIETAS. AVGG. Mertmry, standing. 

2. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. Type as first brass, No. 1. 

3. 

Ssme legend. Type as first brass, No. 5. 

Nos. 2 and 3 are the rarest. 



HOSTILIANUS. 

[Caius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus, son of Trajanus Decius and 

Etruscilla, was bom in the year of Rome . He was declared 

Caesar by his father, together with Herennius, in 1002 (A. D. 249). 
Trebonianus Gallus adopted and took him as his colleague in the 
empire, in 1004 (A. D. 251); but he died a few months afterwards 
of the plague, or according to some authors, of poison secretly admi- 
nistered to him by Trebonianus]. 

Style: C. VAL. HOST. M. QVINTVS. C. VAL. HOST. M. 

QVINTVS. C. (or CAE.) C. OVAL. OSTIL. MES. CO- 

VINTVS. CAESAR.* C. VALENS. HOSTILIANVS. QVIN- 
TVS. N. C. C. VALENS. HOSTIL. MES. QVINTVS. N. (or 

NOB.) C. [On reverse, sometimes, princeps. . iwemtvtis.] 

HOSTILIANVS. QVINTVS. A VG. C. OVAL. HOSTILIAN. 

AVG. C. VALENS. HOSTIL. MES. QVINTVS. AVG. 

C. OVAL. OSTIL. MES. COVINTVS. AVG. IMP. C. MES. 

QVINTVS. AVG. IMP. CAE. (or CAES.) C. VAL. HOS. 

(or HOST, or HOSTIL.) MES. QVINT. (or QVINTVS.) AVG. 
[On reverse, sometimes, princeps. ivventvtis.] 



* This legend is an imitation of those on the Greek coins of this prince, 
which run thus :— OTAA. O^TIA. KOYINTOC. Hence Pmkerton absuidly 
calls him CovirUtu, 



502 HOSTILIANUS. 

Gold R8 

saver Rl 

„ with the title of Augustas ----------R2 

Brass medallions --------------- R6 

First hrass - R2 

„ with the title of Augustus ------- --R4 

Second hrass -----------------R4 

Thhrd hrass R6 

GOLD AND SILVER, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
ADVENTVS. AVG. The emperor on horsehack. AR 

2. 
AEQVITAS. AVGG. Equity, standing. AR 

3. 
CONCORDIA. AVGG. Two hands, joined. AR 

4. 
IVNONI. MARTIALI. Statue of Juno seated within a temple. AR 

5. 
MARTI. PROPVGNATORL Mars, marching. AR 

6. 
PIETAS. AVG. Sacrificial instruments. AU&AR 

7. 
PIETAS. AVGG. Mercury, standing. AU&AR 

8. 
PIETAS. AVGVSTORVM. Sacrificial instruments. - - - - AR 

9. 
PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. The emperor standing, m a miUtaiy habit, 
holding a haton and a spear : two standards. ----- AU 

10. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. A similar figure, holding a standard and 
a spear. --------------- AU fr AR 

There are modem fahrications of the last two types. 

11. 
Same legend. A female figure seated, holding an olive branch. - AR 



HOSTILIANUS. 508 

12. 
PVDICITIA. AVG. A female figure, Beated. AR 

13. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. AVG. Rome, seated. - - - AU & AR 

14. 
SECVRITAS. AVGO. Security, leaning on a oolmmL - - - AR 

15. 

SAECVLVM. NOVVM. A statue seated within a temple. - - AR 

16. 
SPES. PVBLICA. Hope. AR 

17. 
VBERITAS. AVG. A female figure, standing. AR 

18. 
VICTORIA. AVG. Victoiy marching, with garland and palm. AR 

19. 
VICTORIA. GERMANICA. A similar type. AR 

In gold, the above types are equally rare. In silver, Nob. 1, 2, 15, 
and 19, are the rarest; Nos. 6, 7, 8, 10, and 11, are the least rare. 

BRASS MEDALLIONS. 
1. 

PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. The emperor standing, holding a sceptre 

and a spear. 

2. 

VICTORIA. AVGG. Victoiy, marching. 

3. 
Same legend. ApoUo in a female habit, seated : a laurel branch in his 
right hand ; his left elbow resting on a lyre. 

No. 1 is valued by Mionnet at 200 francs, and the other numbers af 
100 francs each. 

HRST BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 
PIETAS. AVGG. Mercuty standing, with his attributes. 

2. 
PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. Hostilian standing, in a miUtary habit, 
holding an ensign and a spear. 



504 HOSTILIANUS. 

3. 
PRINCIPI. I WENTVTIS. A female seated, holding a laurel branch. 

4. 
SA.LVS. AVGVS. Hygeia, standing, feeding a serpent. 

5. 
SAL VS. AVGVSTA. A similar type. 

6. 
SECVRITAS. AVGG. Security, leaning on a column. 

7. 
VICTORIA. AVGVSTORVM. Victory, standing. 

8. 
VOTIS. DECENNALIBVS. within a garland. 

No. 8 is the rarest; the next in rarity are Nos. 4, 5, and 7; No. 3 is 
the least rare. 

SECOND BRASS, WITH RARE REVERSES. 

1. 

PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS. Apollo in a female habit, as on the 

medallion No. 3. 

2. 

ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rome, seated. 
The last type is vety rare. 

THIRD BRASS. 
ROMAE. AETERNAE. Rome, seated. 
This type is extremely rare. 



END OF VOL. I. 



Marning and Co. Printers, Loodon Hoase Yard, St. Paul's. 



INDEX TO VOL. I. 



NABfES OF EMPERORS, CAESARS, EMPRESSES, AND USURPERS. 



Akuus, Lucius, Caesar - 

Agrippa, Marcus - 

Agrippa Posthumus 

Agrippina, senior, wife of Ger- 
manicus - • . 

Agrippina, junior, wife of Clau- 
dius - - - - - 

Albinus, Clodius . . - 

Alexander, Serenis 

Antinoiis . . - . 

Antonia .... 

Antoninus Pius ... 

Antoninus, Galerhis 

Antoninus, Uranius 

Antonius, Marcus . . - 

Antonius, the younger - 

Antonius, Caius . . • 

Antonius, Lucius . - • 

Aquilia Serera, wife of Elaga- 
balus ..... 

Augustus . . . . 

Aurelius, Mareus Antoninus - 



rios 
252 
141 
14S 



- 149 



157 
835 
430 
253 
148 
252 
278 
451 
114 
120 
121 
121 

424 
121 

278 



Balbinus 
Britannicus - 
Brutus - 



- 461 

- 160 

- 112 



Caesar, C. Julius ... 104 
Caesonia .... 153 
Caius, son of Agrippa - - 143 
Caligula . . - - 150 
Caracalla .... 372 
Cassius ..... US 
Clara. Didia - . - - 332 
Claudia, wife of Caligula - 153 

Claudia, daughter of Claudius - 159 
Claudia, daughter of Nero - 167 
Claudius the First - - - 154 
Cleopatra - - - - 120 
Clodius JVfacer - - - 167 
Commodus .... 301 
Crispina, wife of Commodus - 325 
Clodius Albinus - - -335 

VOL. I. 



PAOB 

Deeius, Triganus ... 493 
Diadnmentanus - . -411 
Domitia, wife of Domitianus - 206 
Domitianus ... - 197 
Dondtilla,wifeof Vespasianus - 189 
Domitilla, daughter of Vespa- 
sianus .... 190 
Bomna, Julia ... 364 
Drusilla, sister of Cali^la - 154 
Drusilla, daughter of Caesonia 153 
Drusus, senior . . .148 
Drusus, junior, son of Tiberius 147 
Drusus and Nero ... 150 
Didius Julianus ... 330 
Didia Clara ... -332 



Elagabalus, or Heliogabalus 
Etruscilla ... 
Etniscus, Herennius 

Fadilla, Junia 
Faustina, the elder 
Faustina, the younger 
Faustina, Annia 
Fumilla ... 



Galba .... 
Gennanicus . . - 
Geta .... 
Gordianus i., Afncanus > 
Gordianus iL, Africanus - 
Gordianus iii., Pius 

Hadrianus ... 
Hostilianus ... 
Herennius Etniscus 

lotapianus ... 
Julia, daughter of Augustus 
Julia, daughter of Titus • 
Juliuius, Didius 

Lepidus, Triumvir 

2l 



413 

497 
499 

458 
272 
289 
425 
196 

169 
149 
993 
459 
460 
467 

228 
501 
498 



- 491 

- 142 

- 196 
. 330 

- 113 



r 



506 



INDEX. 



Livia - - - - 
Liyilla, sister of CaliguU 
Lucilla .... 
Lucius, son of Agripps - 

Macer, Clodius 
Macrinus ... 
Maesa, Julia ... 
Mamaea, Julia 
Marciana ... 
Marinus ... 

Matidia ... 

Maximinus x. - - 

Maximus, son of Maximinus 
Memmia ... 
Messalina, wife of Claudius 
Messalina, wife of Nero - 

Nero, son of Germanieus 
Nero, Domitius 
Nerva . - - - 
Niger, Pescennius - 

Octavla, wife of M. Antonius 
Octayia, wife of Nero 
Orbiana, Barbia 
Orestilla ... 

Otacilia, Severa 
Otho . - - - 



Facatianus ,- 
Paula, Cornelia 
Paulina, wife of Caligula 
Paulina, wife of Maximinus 
Pertinax ... 

Pescennius, Niger - 



PAGI 

141 
154 
299 
143 

167 
402 
427 
445 
226 
491 
227 
451 
457 
443 
157 
166 

150 
160 
209 
332 

119 
166 
443 
153 
485 
174 

491 
422 
153 
456 
327 
332 



PAOB 

Philippus L, the elder - . 477 
Philippus ii., the younger - 487 
Plautilla . . . .391 
Plotina .... 224 

PoUa 190 

Pompeius, Magnus - - 103 

Pompeius, Cnaeius, the son - 106 
Pompeius, Sextus - - - 111 
Poppaea .... 166 
Pupienus .... 464 

Quartinus, Titus ... 459 



Sabina .... 
Sabinia, Tranquillina 
Scantilla, Manila - 
Severa, Aquilia 
Severus, Septimius 
Soaemias, Julia 
Sponsianus ... 

Tiberius ... 

Titiana, wiie of Pertinax 
Titus .... 
Titus Quartinus 
Triganus ... 

Trajanus, the father 
Triganus Dccius 
Tranquillina, Sabinia 

Vents, Annius 
Verus, Lucius 
Vespasianus ... 
Ve^asianus, the younger 
Vitellius . . - 

Vitellius, the fiither (Censor) 



250 
476 
331 
424 
339 
426 
492 

144 
330 
190 
459 
212 
225 
493 
476 

293 
293 
180 
208 
176 
180 



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