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At the request of friends I have consented to write a short preface to the 
Dictionary of English and Welsh Stimafftes, not as possessing any technical 
knowledge of the subject, but because, as eldest brother of the author, it was 
assumed that it would be in my power to supply some biographical details which 
might be acceptable to many of his numerous and attached friends. 

Charles Wareing Bardsley was the sixth of the seven sons of the late Canon 
James Bardsley and of Sarah his wife. He was bom at Bank House, Burnley, in 
Lancashire, December 29, 1 843, of which parish his father was for many years the 
still well-remembered curate. There can be little doubt that his early environments 
exercised a great influence upon his character and future pursuits. His parents 
were strong personaUties, holding firmly the distinctive tenets of the old Evan- 
gelical school with a tendency to Puritan asceticism in the enforcement of their 
practical Christianity. The times in which our author's childhood was spent 
were stirring, and as the &ther possessed the confidence of his fellow townsmen, 
the life at the old house in which the seven brothers were brought up was an 
exceptionally full life. Crossing the Yorkshire moors, Burnley was not very far 
away from Haworth, the home of the Brontes. It was the curacy at Haworih 
which Mr. Bardsley had originally accepted when on the point of ordination. 
It was only on the day preceding his ordination at Bishopthorpe that the Arch- 
bishop oS York, for some private reason of his own, refused to saocdon this 
arrangement, and assigned to him the curacy of Keighley as a title. As Keighley 
however was conveniently near, the friendship between the Brontes and Mr. Bardsley 
was not broken, and it was to the parsonage at Haworth that Mr. Bardsley on 
Saturday afternoons frequently took his young wife to drink tea. When some 
years subsequently Shirley was published, the young couple read the book with 
keen interest, and were greatly relieved to find that they personally had not 
supplied any materiids for the hvely sketches of the three typical curates delineated 



in its pages. To our author and to his brothers the names of the Brontes and 
the associations of Haworth were very ^miliar. 

At a somewhat later date the late Philip Gilbert Hamerton (editor of the 
Portfolio) became a school-friend of the writer of this preface. The Worsthorn 
Moors and the country adjoining the ' Hollins," so graphically depicted in ' A 
Painter's Camp,' were traversed together ; and many incidents might be recalled 
to illustrate the literary tastes which that precocious and brilliant youth did much 
to foster among his friends at Bank House, 

A silent but abiding influence was the surrounding country, containing Pendle 
Hill and the Cliviger district, with its strange superstitions and traditions of 
Lancashire witches. Rich also was the neighbourhood in ancient ruins of castles 
and abbeys. Within the limits of a Saturday ramble were Ribchester and its 
Roman remains; Mytton with its marble effigies of knights in armour and its 
chained books. Old houses, such as Townley, Royle, Gawthorpe, lying amid 
lovely ^Ivan scenery, were open to the sons; by the kindness of a friend 
of their father the great works of Dr. Whitaker, the historian of Craven and 
of Whalley, were accessible, and the Traditions of Lancashire by Roby were 
their constant diet. 

The old home — Bank House — in which tbe sons were brought up also exercised 
its spell. That the house was haunted all declared. Isolated at that time, it 
was after sunset a house which no one alone would willingly approach. There 
were cellars and even dark garrets which it required no ordinary courage to 
explore. When on windy moonlight nights the figures in canvas of heroic size 
in the great tapestry room moved to and fro, swayed by the currents of air 
behind the wainscot, they imprinted on the imagination of the solitary inmate 
impressions which fifty years and more have failed to efi^ice from the mind of 
the writer'. As, moreover, the times were crowded with political, social, and 
religious controversies, in all of which his father played the local leading part, 
it would indeed have been strange if our author as a child in such a home and 

' A few years ago the writer, having heard that the old home— Bank House— had fallen on 
evil days and had been let out as small tenements, paid a visit to Burnley to revisit the scenes 
of childhood and, if possible, to purchase the grand old tapestries. He was unhappily too late. 
' May I see the old tapestry ? ' he inquired. ' It's all taken down and been made into floor-cloth,' 
replied the tenant; 'and there (pointing to a well trodden but featureless strip of canvas beneath 
the table) there's the very last bit of it.' ' But how could you do that ? ' said the visitor, in a tone 
of reproach. 'Well, you sec," was the reply, 'it was so boggartly at nights!' 

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in sueh an atmosphere, and amid such associations, had not been thereby moulded 
and ^shioned. Excitable, highly sensitive, and yet withal dreamy and imaginative, 
his whole future life was intensely coloured and affected by his environment. 

Upon the removal of the family to Manchester, in which city the late Canon 
Bardsley diligently laboured for thirty years, first as Rector of St. Philip's, Bradford 
Road, and latterly as Rector of the Central City Parish of St. Ann's, our author 
was duly sent to the Manchester (Grammar School. And it was as he daily passed 
along Market Street on his way to the school that the names over the shops 
arrested his attention, and thus became the first germs of his future life study. 
The Cheetham Hospital adjoining the Grammar School, with its quaint rooms and 
ancient library, became his favourite resort, and among the black book-cases he 
spent all his leisure hours. Having won the school English Prize Poem he pro- 
ceeded to Worcester College, Oxford, where three of his elder brothers had 
preceded him. Possessing much social charm with remarkable powers of com- 
position, not only as a writer of prose and verse but also as a musician, he was 
in great request at college parties. His improvisations reflected every passing 
mood, and at times frolicsome, but mosdy pathetic, they betrayed the deepest 
musical feeling. The dark shadows cast by insomnia and an over-vivid imagination 
were even then haunting him. During his first term at Oxford, oppressed by 
fear of darkness, he never once slept in his bed, but paced the quad, or dozed 
away in his armchair, the long and weary hours of night. The straitened 
finances of his home led him to abbreviate as much as wa.s possible his Oxford 
course, and having taken his degree, he applied for admission to Holy Orders 
at the hands of the late Bishop Fraser of Manchester, 

■ There are those who can still recall a somewhat unique experience in con- 
nexion with that ordination. In the early morning of the Saturday preceding 
his ordinadon, Charles Bardsley was urged to take the place of one of a cricket 
team by whom an important match was that day to be played on the adjoining 
Broughton ground. The examination was over, and his time for a few hours 
was his own. The Bishop was consulted, and under the circumstances his approval 
was obtained. Bardsley took his place, and played so successfully that he carried 
out his bat, winning thereby a new bat ; whilst on the following morning, in the 
cathedral, he read the Gospel, having obtained first place in the examination. 
Throughout his ministry he was greatly sought after as a preacher, and as a 
visitor by the sick bed his ministrations were to the last singularly helpful. 
After a few years spent in Manchester, for the greater pan at Sl Ann's as curate 



to his father, whose health had already begun to fail, our author became Vicar 
of Ulverston. He had not been long vicar of that parish before the late Bishop, 
Dr. Harvey Goodwin, appointed him honorary canon of his cathedral of Carlisle, 
whilst the clergy of the new archdeaconry of Fumess returned him as their 
proctor to the Convocation of York. When some fifteen years had thus passed, 
realizing that insomnia had practically disabled him from the active discharge 
of pastoral work, he retired with his wife and two children to Oxford. There, 
happily absorbed by the genius of the place, the education of his children, and 
the quiet prosecution of his favourite studies, he lived the latter part of his life, 
being very suddenly called to rest on the morning of October 30, 1898. His 
body was buried in Ulverston, the much-loved scene of his former ministry, and 
the thousands who followed him to his last resting-place felt that there was much 
fitness that he who among them for so many years had suffered from loss of 
sleep should there find that unbroken last sleep for which he had longed — 

' Think of the rest to one who long has striven 
'Gainst wind and tide to reach the further shore.' 

Thirty years have passed since the Dictionary now launched was first laid 
on the stocks. It involved close research and diligent study for the greater 
part of the author's life. Realizing that very many years would pass before 
he would be justified in the publication of the Dictionary, he gave to the 
press some results of his studies in works which obtained from the first great 
reputation. Five years after leaving Oxford, in 1873, he published English 
Surnames, their Sources and Significations. This work was at once most 
favourably reviewed by the London Tintes^ ran through several editions, and 
is still regarded as a standard work. In the United States it is even better known 
than at home, and among the greater pleasures of his life were the grateful com- 
munications and pressing invitations conveyed to him by correspondents that the 
author would pay a long visit to his unknown friends in America. At one time 
he found it necessary to set aside a day in each fortnight for correspondence 
with his transatlantic friends'. In 1879 he published the Romance 0/ the Ltmdon 

' The author frequently expressed great admiration for the noble endeavours made by President 
M'KinJey to strengthen the lies of brotherhood among English- speaking peoples, and had declared 
his intention of dedicating his Didionary to him. This wish having been made known to the 
President by Mr. Choate, the Minister of the United States to the Court of St, James's, 
Mr. M'Kioley very cordially assented lo the request. 



Directory, and in 1880, Curiosities of Puritan Nomenclature, works which 
greatly enhanced his reputation. Akin to these works were the Memorials 
of St. Ann's Church, Manchester, in 1877 ; The Register of Ulverston Parish 
Church, published in 1886, in combination with his friend, the Rev. L. R. Ayre, 
the Rural Dean of Ulverston ; and also The Chronicles of the Church and Town 
of Ulverston, published independently. For several years the author's pen was 
also employed on works of fiction. Brownie, a short story, was a study drawn 
from the neighbourhood of the Duddon ; whilst His Grandfather's Bible por- 
trayed the scenery and customs of the Fumess fells. Many other short sketches 
and tales were contributed by him to the magazine literature of the day. The 
materials for his first and largest work of fiction, however, entitled yb^« Lexley's 
Troubles, a three-volume novel, were drawn mainly from the neighbourhood of 
Burnley. When published, many recognized, or thought that they recognized, 
not only the customs and localities of that district, but also some oS the characters. 
It has already been mentioned that the family of which our authcw was a member 
was ruled on somewhat austere lines. The late Rector, the father, was beloved 
by all who knew him, and was oftentimes betrayed into some laxity with his 
own principles. Great was the delight of his sons when they beheld the good 
old man enjoying to the fiJl the entertainments of the inimitable Comey Grain, 
whilst carefully drawing for their moral benefit a distinction between such an 
entertainment and a visit to a good theatre, which would have been an offence 
in no way to be condoned ! The Puritan atmosphere of the home did not 
recognize the novel strictly so called. When Now and Then, by the late Samuel 
Warren was published, it was regarded not as a novel, hut as a moral tale which 
might be profitably read aloud to the younger members of the &mily! Some- 
thing however like a scandal ensued when it was found that, one evening, such 
was the interest displayed that the sons had been allowed to transgress the usual 
time for bed as they sat around their father and mother, who alternately took 
up the reading until, incredible to relate, the morning light broke in, the tale 
was ended, and all sougfit their couches at an unknown hour. The publication 
of John Lexley occasioned much perplexity. Its preparation was kept secret 
from the parents, and when at last a publisher had been found and the volume 
was favourably reviewed in the London Daily News, the revelation that a 
novel had been written and published by one of the sons could be no longer 
withheld — it was an anxious question as to which would prevail, Puritan 
prejudice or parental pride. The question was never actually decided ; for 

D,y.:,.eG by t^OOg IC 


whilst the good old man smiled with approval, it was with a reproving tone 
that he exclaimed, ' Oh, Charles, Charles ! ' 

It was with intense sorrow that his friends learned the sad news of" our author's 
sudden death. Those who knew him best felt, however, that they would not have 
had it othem'ise. His failure of health and the non-fulfilment of his own plans 
and purposes were tending to sadden his closing years. After his death there 
were found among his papers, in his own hand, the pathetic lines of Greg — 

' Yes, 1 have failed : that golden prize 

Of life, success— ambit ioa's boast, 
Which dazzled once my boyish eyes, 
t strove for, prayed tor, and have lost. 

' Yet I may not have lost the priie, 
It only may not yet be won ; 
I see with dim and leaiful eyes 
The goal may still be furiher on. 

' The star again, like morning sun, 

May rise upon some happier shore ; 
And when a nobler race is run. 
My Master bid me try once more.' 

This DicHonary of English and Welsh Surnames was among the unfinished 
tasks, although it had absorbed the best years of the author's life. It now goes 
forth to the public as the result of his widow's devotion to her husband's memory. 
For nearly two years she sought to decipher the microscopic writing until 
at length it was found possible to place the manuscripts in the hands of the 
Controller of the University Press. It is possible that some errors may exist 
which a final revision by the author would have prevented. Those members 
of the author's family who still survive him, with deep affection tender their 
thanks to her without whose loving toil the work had been wholly lost. 

Of the value of his own work the author entertained a lowly estimate ; not 
so the Quarterly Review^ p. 209, 1895, In a long and appreciative article the 
reviewer, although more than twenty years had elapsed since the publication 
of English Surnames, states his conviction that 'though the earUest in date of 
the works reviewed, Mr. Bardsley'swork is in our opinion by far the most generally 
useful, and has the merit of being based on essentially sound principles. We 
find in it the right classification. The preuves given in the form of an index 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


are taken from actual records, and the curiously apposite quotations from popular 
mediaeval literature enforce at every point Mr. Bardsley's conclusions.' 

On January i, 1896, the author, in closing his Introduction to this Dictionary, 
which he did not live to see in print, adds the following words : 

' This preface is very unscientific in its arrangement. I frankly admit it, for 
I am not scientific. I never had the chance. The cares of a heavy parish have 
only allowed me minutes to jot down the results of past readings, and my 
occasional holidays were spent in search* of proof. My MS. has been locked 
up for two years through illness and partial blindness. Still, the Dictionary may 
be useful to students. In any case, its slow preparation of twenty years has given 
me the one great pleasure of my life. Unhappy the man who has no hobby. 
I have simply been an earnest but unfortunately a flag^ng follower in the pursuit 
of the subject I love.' 

The writer of this preface beUeves that as years pass other students will 
supply fresh materials and acciunulate more adequate and abiding contributions 
to this fesdnating subject, but he trusts that in the meanwhile this Diaionary 
will accomplish that modest object which was its author's highest aim. 

John W. Carlisle. 
Rose Castle, Carlisle, 
Aprii, 1901. 




A. Hundred Rolls, 1973. 

B. Calendarium InquisJtioDum Post Hartem. 

C. Cdendarium Rotulorum Patcntium in Turci 


D. Caleodarium Rotulorum Chartarum. 

E. Rotuli Littersnun Clausarum in Turri Lou- 


F. Valor Ecdesiasticus. 

G. Calendarium Rotulorum Originalium. 
H. Rolb of ParliuncDt. 
J. Fladtorum in Dom.Cap. Westminster. 
E. Testa de Neville, ^ve Liber Feodorum, temp. 

Hen. ni-Edw. I. 
L. Calendarium Genealofficum. 
H. Writs or PoHiainent. 
K. Hunimeota Gildhollae Loudon iensis. 
O. Isaues or the Excbequer. 
P. Istue Rolls. 
Q. Hiatoty ud Antiquities of Yorlt, (Pub. 1785.1 
R. PUdta de Quo Warranto, temp. Edw. I-III. 
S. Guild of St George, Norwich. 
T. EiGcrpta e Rotulis Finium in Turri Londiuensi. 
V, f*"^^" Society Publications. 

V. I. Bury SL Edmunds VTills. 

V. s. Dingle/s History from Marble. 

V, 3. Trevelyan Ripere. 

V. 4- The Camden MiscelUny. 

V. 5. Obituaryof Richard Smyth. 

V. 6. Diary of John Rous. 

V. 7. Liber Famelicus of Sir Jas.Whilelock. 

V. 8. Chronicon Petroburgense. 

V. 9. Proceedings against Dame Alice 

V. ift Autobiography of Sir John Bramston. 
' V, II. Domesday Book of St. Paul's. 

V. 13. Ricart's Kalendar. 

V. 13. Proceedings in Kent. 

V. 14. Rutland Papers. 
W. Surtees Society Publications. 

W. I, Coldingham Priory. 

W. a. Testamenta Ebonicenaia. 

W. 3. Durham Household Book. 

W. 4. Kitkby's Inquest. 

, Surtees Society PubiicatioDs — eontmniJ. 
W. 5. Knights' Fees. 
W. 6. Nom. Villarum. 
W. 7. Illustrative Documents. 
W, 8. Priory of Finehalc. 
W. 9. Fabric Rolls ofYork Minster: WiUa 

and Inventories. 
W. to. Hediam Priory. 
W. II. Corpus Chriati Guild. 
W. 13. HiatorUe Dunelmeosis. 
W. 13. Barnes' Ecdes. Proceedings. 
W. 14. Visitation of Yorkshire. 
W. 15. Feodarium Prioratus Dunelmensis. 
W. 16. Depositions from YorK Castle. 
W. 17. Memorials of Fountains Abbey. 
W. 18. Depositions and Ecclea. Proceedings. 
W. 19. liber Vitae. 
W. 90. Remains of Dean Granville. 
Memorials of London (Riley). 
Proceedings and Ordinances : Privy Council. 
Calendar of Proceedings in Chancery (Eliza- 
L Chetham Society Publications. 

AA. I. Wills and Inventories, Lancashire. 
AA. a. Three Lancashire Documents. 
AA. 3. Lancashire Chantries. 
AA. 4. Birch CliBpei. 
i. Rotuli Nonnanniae in Turri L.ondineiisi. 

3. Documents Illustrative of English History, 
:. Index to ' Originalia et Memoranda." 

'. History of Norfolk (Blomefield and Parkl-i). 
;. Fines (Richard I), 
a. History of Hertfordshire (Clutterbuck.. 
</[. Rotuli Curiae Regis. 

4. Calendar and Inventories o( the Treaauiy. 
'. History of I.eiccstershire (Kichois). 

i- Register of St. James", Piccadilly. 
i. Stale Paper Office Publications. 

RR. 1. Patent Rolls. 

RR. 3. Compoti. 

RR. 3. Issue Rolls. 
1. History of Durham (Surtees). 
:. Calendar of State Papera (Dotnestic). 



XX. I. MllerialsforHistoryorReignorHeDryVlI. 
XX. a. RegistrumAbbatiaeJohannisWhethanulede. 
XX 3. Letters rrom Nortbern Registers. 
ZZ. Calendar to PJeadings (Elizabeth). 

BBB. Calendanum Gencalogicum : Heniy IH- 

Edw. I. Ed. by Cbas. Roberts. 
DDD. HisL and Antiquities of the County Palatine 

of Durham ( Robert Surlees). 
EEE. Felition in P^rtiameot, Moa. Rolls of 

Parliament, voL iii, p. 519. 
FFF. CartulariumAbbathiaedeWhiteby, Ordinis 

S. Benedicli (Surtees Society). 
GGG. Memorials of the Church of SS. Peter and 

Wilfrid, Ripon, vol. i. (Surtees Society). 
HHH. Sanctuarium Dunelmense el sanctuariuin 

Beverlacense (Surtees Society). 
XKK. History of Northumberland (Rev. John 

PPP. Hi9ioryofNewcasUeandGateshead(Richard 

QQQ. History and Antiquities of North Durham 

(Rev. James Raine. 1853). 
RRR. The Pipe Rolls, or Sheriffs' Annual Ac 

counts for the Counties of Cumberland, 

Westmoreland, and Durham during the 

reigns of Hen. II. Ric. I, and John. 
TTT. The History of Liddesdale and the Debate- 
able Land (Robert Bruce Armstrong. 

Pub. by Douglas, Edin.). 
VW. Household Books of Lord Wmiam Howwd 

of Naworth Castle (Surtees Society). 
YYY. History and Antiquities of Bristol (William 

Barrett, Surgeon, F.S.A.). 
WWW. Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of 

London, 1188-1974 (Henry Thos. Riley). 

C. R. — Close Rolls. 

C. S. P.— OdcndarofSute Papers. 

Cath. Ang.— Catholicon Angticum. Ed. by S. J. H. 

Herrtage (Camden Society), iSaa. 
Cotg.— Colgrave's French and English Dictioiuuy, 

E. E. T. S.- Early English Test Society. 

E. I'aA F. - Estates and Families of co. Cumberland 

^ Denton). 
'A. E. D.— Historical English Dictionary. 
' L. andC. R. — Lancashire and Cheshire Record So- 

HDB.— Modern Domesday Book, 1673. 

Patr. Brit b Fatronymica Britannica (M. A. Lo .ver, 

P. T. Howdeash ire.— Poll Tax. Howdenshire. 
P. T. Yorfcs.— PollTai, West R.of Yoitshire , 1379. 
Prompt Parv. • PromptoriumParvulorum. ,' Ed. by 

Albert Way (Camden Society), 1865. ' 
W. D. S.— Wappentagiuro de Strafford. 


Bapl. — Baptismal. Occup. " Oecupative. 
Dim. - Diminutive. Offic. - OfficiaL 
Nick. = Nickname, Pat. — Patronymic 


I. EHglish ami Wttsk Post Offiet Diruloria, Ar. 

Birmingham, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, Worces- 
tershire, 1879. 

Cambridge, Norfolk, and Suffolk, 1865. 

Crockford's Clerical Directory, 1S61-91. 

Devon and Cornwall, 1873. 

Durham, Northumberland, Cumberland, and West- 
moreland, 1873. 

Lancashire, 1873. 

London Commercial and Court Directories, 1870. 
(When cited as London simply, the Commercial 
Directory is intended.) 

Monmouthshire, and Chief Towns and Places in 
South Wales, 1871. 

Kelly's Oxford Directory, 1699. 

North and East Ridings of Yorkshire, with City 
of York, ■187a. 

West Riding of Yorkshire, 1667. 

Return of Owners of Land, 1873, commonly known 
as the Modem Domesday Book, and quoted 
throughout as MDB. 

9. Anurican Dirtctoriis. 
Boston, U.S., 1886 (Sampson, Thurtock Sc Co.). 
New York, 1877 (Wilson). 
Philadelphia, 1885 (Jas. GopsiU & Sons). 
Worcester, U.S., 1884 (Drew, Allis & Co.). 

N. B. The figures attached to various towns, vil- 
lages, and hamlets refer to the above Dire^oriea, 
and show the number of instances of surnames 
therein recorded as resident in those places at the 
date of publication. 

These numbers are arranged in the same order as 
the different spellings of the surname* to which 
they are annexed, e. g. 
Abbey, Abbee, Abbe. 
London, 4, i, o; PhiladelphiB, 11, o, 6. 

Other works referred to : 

A Lyitel Gestc of Robin Hode, leth ceot 

Atkyns' (R.) History of Gloucestershire, 171a. 

Bailey's English Dictionary. Edit. I737-4B- 

Haines' Hist of Lancashire. Edit JoBVi Harland. 

Bardsley and Ayre's Register of Ulverston Parish 
Church. Pub. by Jas. Atkinson, Ulverston, 18S6, 

Bardsle/s (C. W.) Curiosities of PuriUn Nomencla- 
ture, ist edit, 1880. Pub. by Chatto & Windus. 

■ English Surnames, 4th edit, 1889. Pub. by 

Chatto ft Windus. 




BlomeGeld and Parkin's Histoid of Norfolk, ii 
vols. 180S-10. 

Bowditch's Suffolk Surnames, i86i. 

Brand's (J.) History and Anliquities of Newcastle- 
on-Tyne, 1789. 

Brockctt's Glossary of North- Country Words, 1815. 

Bum's Hist ofParish Church Registera in England, 
and ediL, 1863. 

Camden's Remains. Nicbobs Okes, 1693. 

Chamock's Ludus Palronymicua, 1868. 

Cocke Lorelle's Bote, i6th cenL 

Coucher Book of Fumess Abbey. (Chetham So- 
ciety.) Edited by J. C. Atkinson. 3 vols. 

Earwaker's Q. B.) History of East Cheshire, 1877. 

Piers PlowmaD (Pickering:'! edit. 164a). 

Pipe Rolls, in the reign of Hen. II. Published by 
the Pipe Roll Society, esublishcd 1683. 

Poll Tax (West Riding of Yorkshire), 1379. Pub- 
lished by the Yorkslure Archaeological and Topo- 
graphical Association, 1889. (Always quoted as 
P. T. Yorka.) 

Quarterly Review. Jan, 1893. 

Register of the Freemen of the City of YoA, vol. i, 
1973-1358. (Snrtees Society. 1 Edited by Dr. Francis 
Collins, 1897. (Quoted as Freemen of York.) 

Rudder's (S, 5 History of Gloucestershire, 1779. 

Rylands' (J. P.) Lay Exchequer Subsidy Rolls, co. 
Lane, 1339. 

Halllwelt's (J. O.) Dictionary of Archaic and Pro- 
vincial Words, 6lh edit.. iSea 
Hottcn's (J. C) Original Lists of Emigrants, 1600- 
* 1700. Pub. 1874. 

Jamieson's (J.) Dictionary of the Scottish Language. 

Kirby's Quest for Somerset, in which is contained 

the Exchequer Lay Suteid; for i Edw. III. 

(Somerset Record Society, 1889.) Edited by 

F. H. Dickinson, F.S.A. 
Lewis' (S.) Topographical Dictionary of England. 

4 vols. 5th ediL, 184a. 
Lower's (H. A.) Patronymica Britaonica. Edit. 

Ifadden'a Privy Purse Expenses of Princess Hary, 

daughter of Henry VIII, aftenrards Queen Hory. 

Edit. 1831. 
Nicolas' (N. Harris) Privy Purse Expenses of 

Henry VIII. Edit 1897. 
Privy Parse Expenses of Elizabeth of York- 
Edit 1830. 

Wardrobe Accounts ofEdward IV. Edit 1830. 

Nicolson (J.) and Bum's (R.) History and Anli> 

quities of the counties of Westmoreland and Cum- 
berland, 1777. 
Onnerod's History of Cheshire. 
Oxford Historical Society Publications: 

Wood's History of the City of Oxford. Edited 

by A. Clark, 1889. 

Register of the University of Oxford, vol. i. 

Edited by C. W. Boase, 1884. 

Ditto, vol. ii, pis. i, ii, iii, iv. Edited by A. 

Clark, 1887-89. 

Taylor's (Isaac) Words and Places, 1865. 

Toulmin Smith's (Joshuaj Memorials of Old Birming- 
ham, 1664. 

English Gilds {E. E. T. S.), J870. 

— ( Lucy) York Mystery Plays, 14th to 16th cents. 

Tyrwhitl's (Thos.) Chaucer. Edit 1843. 

Whitakcr's (T. D.) History and Antiquities o( 

Lancashire Wills proved at ' Richmond (isgi' 

1760). Edited by Lieut-CoL Pisbwlck. 
Preston Guild Rolls (1397-1689). Edited by W. 

Alexander Abram. 
The Register of LeyUnd Church (1653-1710). 

Edited by W. S. White. 
-The Registers of Prestbury Church, co. Cheater 

(1560-1636). Edited by Jas. Croston. 
Wills at Chester (1545-1730). Edited by J. P. 

Earwaker, F.5.A. 

Publications of the Haklhah Socimr. 
1. Chunk Rtgialtra. 

Canterbury Cathedral (1564 onwards). Edited by 

Robt Hovei^den. 
Kensington Parish Church (1539-1675). Edited by 

F. N. Macnamara and A. Story- Miakelyne. 
St Antholin, Budge Row (1538-1754) ; also St John 



Baptist on Wallbrook Island (1689-1754). Edited 

by J. Lemuel Chester and Geo. J. Annytage. 
St. DiouiSjBackcfaurch, LoodoD (1538-1754). Edited 

by J. Lemuel Chester. 
St- George's Cbspel, Mayfair (1740-54). Edited 

by Geo. J. Anuytage. 
St. George, Hanover Sq. (1795-1S09, 3 vols.). Edited 

by John H. Chapman. 
St. James, Clerkenwell (1551-1754)- Edited by 

Robert Hoveuden. 
St. Hary, Aldermaiy (1558-1754). Edited by J- 

Lemuel Chester. 
St Michael, CornhUI (1546-1754). Edited by J. 

Lemuel Chester. 
St. Peter, Comhill (1538-1774, a vols.). Edited by 

G, W- G- Leveson Gower. 
Sl.Thomas the Aposlle,London (1558-1754). Edited 

by J. Lemuel Chester. 
Stourlon, co- Wilts (1S70-1S00). Edited by John 

Heniy Ellis, Rector. 

a. Mttrriagt Lionets. 

1590-1838. Allegations Tor Harriage Licences is- 
sued by the Bishop o( London. Edited by Geo. 
J. Annytage. Described in this work as Harriage 
Lie, London, i, ii. 

'S43-i8^ Allf^Blions for Mairiage Licences is- 
sued from the Faculty Office of the Archbishop 
of Canterbury at London. Edited by Geo. J. 
Aimytage. Described as Harriage Lie, Faculty 

1558-1699. Ailegalions for Harriage Licences is- 
sued by th« Dean and Chapter of Westminster- 
Edited by Geo. J. Annytage, Described as 
Marriage Lie. .Westminster, and sometimes as Har- 
riage Allcg., Westminater. 

1660-1694. Allegations for Marriage Licences is- 
sued by the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of 
Canterbuiy. Edited by Geo. J. Annytage. De- 
scribed as Harriage AUeg., Canterbury. 


Digitized by Vj O t)Q I C . 


The purpose of this work is to supply materials for an etymological dictionary 
of Eoglish and Welsh surnames. It must be understood at once that I have gone 
little further than an attempt to trace back our names to their original forms, to 
clear them from the incrustations of time, and to place each, however misleading 
in appearance to-day, in its own particular class. For instance, I do not give the 
etymoli^y of Richard, for that has already been done by other workers, but 
I proceed to show that Higginson is equivalent to Dixon, by demonstrating that 
Hick and Dick were the nuks * of Richard in the hereditary surname period, and 
that Hick was lazified into Higg (just as Dicks became also Diggs) ; then that the 
diminutive of Hi^ became Hi^in, whence the patronymics of Higgins and 
H^ginson. Dick stuck more closely to the sharpened form and became Dickin, 
whence the patronymic is Dickins and Dickinson — Tillotson, son of Tillot, diminutive 
of Till, nick of Matilda. Similarly with r^ard to local surnames, I attempt to 
prove that such a directory name as Philbrick is a corruption of Fellbridge, through 
the modified forms of Fellbr^, Fhilbrigg, and the sharper PhOlbrick. But I do not 
state, however simple it may be, the etymolc^y of the local term Fellbridge : I have 
tried to get through the modifications, not to say mutilations, back to the original ' 
parent. A single other instance will suffice. The surname of Physick occurrii^ in 
the London Directory is a corrupted form of Fishwick, but I do not give the 
etymol(^y of that local name, simple as it seems to be : I leave that to other workers. 

Ei^lish surnames have been made the subject of endless guessings. Several years 
j^o I wrote an article for a monthly Church magazine. Amongst other little items, 
I gave the origin of the simple occupative surname Mason, a builder, A few days 
later, I received an angry letter from a lady in the West Country, who stated that 
her name was Mason, and that she was a direct descendant of Mnason in the Acts 
of the Apostles, and that the family had worked their way through Phrygia and 
Pamphylia into Western Europe, and finally settled in the county from which she 

' This contraction of the word 'nickname' is used by the author throughout this work, 
and is printed as he wrote it. — [A. B.] 


^ 1 


addressed her letter. I at once dispatched a note of apology ! Morley is commonly 
claimed to be from Morlaix, though the moor-ley abounds on every side. Twopeny 
is derived from Tupigny, in Flanders, although pence-names were quite familiar 
in the hereditary surname period. Fivepence, Fourpence, and Halpeny existed, 
and Ninepence lasted through three generations, at least, in the county of Durham. 
D'Aeth now takes the place of Death in our modern directories, because it was 
guessed by some one that it came across the 'little streak' from Aeth in 
Flanders. It is probably a Cambridgeshire name and comes from some little, and 
now foi^otten, spot so called in the county. In the Hundred Rolls (1273) occurs 
Hugo de Dethe, co. Camb. 
Alioa de Dethe, co. Camb. 
Eveiy undergraduate at Cambridge is familiar with the name to this day. In fact, 
talk to a very large number of people about their surname and you will find that 
their family came in with the Conqueror, their visiting cards laughii^ at them 
' behind their backs.' William evidently had a very easy time of it. It is quite 
clear that he had only a handful of opponents to meet, and that the story of the 
Battle of Hastings is a gross historic fraud. 

Throughout my work I have divided our surnames into the five classes I confined 
them to some twenty-two years ago, viz : — (i) Baptismal or Personal Names. 
(4) Local Surnames. (3) Official Surnames. (4) Occupative Surnames. (5) Nick- 
names. Practically there are only four classes, for it is often hard to distinguish 
between occupation and office. 

After local names the laigest class is baptismal names, with their endless nicks, 
fet forms, diminutives, &c. It may interest the reader to study my analysis of the 
first five letters of the alphabet in the London Directory (1870). I need not 
apolf^ize for so many doubtful instances. 







Local . . . . 








J 763 




























Total . 









All the coontries of Western Europe seem to have adopted the same means 
of securing identification, or their neighbours did it for them. Wales is the great 
exception. Here there is scarcely a trade name, only a few nicknames, no official 
surnames that I know of, just a sprinkling of local surnames, and the rest, quite 
95 per cent., are baptismal names. Hence the great difficulty of identification in 
the Principality. Some spirited effort ought to be made by Welshmen to remedy 
this great defect. At present the surnames of 'gallant little Wales' defeat their own 
intention, namely to give individuality to the nominee. 

The Et^lish natural growth of distinct branches of hereditary surnames from, 
say, 1350 to 1450, fortunately escaped this obstacle to identification. The five 
classes mentioned above have proved amply suflicient for the purpose. 

One of the greatest difficulties in solving the origin of our surnames comes under 
the law of imitation. The parentage being forgotten, people naturally began to 
pronounce their names in such a way as seemed to convey a meaning. After the 
institution of Church Registers the clerks wrote down accordingly. Hence the pitfall 
into which so many stumble. Hence in co. Somerset, Greedy for Gredhay, Rain- 
bird for Reynebaud, Trott for Troyt, Bacchus for Bakehouse, Toogood or Dot^ood 
for Thui^od, Goodyear for Goodier, Gospell for Gosbell, Fhysick for Fishwick, 
Potiphar for Pettifer, Pitchfork (co. Line.) for Pitchforth (i.e. Pickford), Roylance for 
Rylands, Gudgeon for Goodson (cf. the pronunciation Hodgun for Hodgson in the 
North), Twentyman for Twinterman, Sisterson for Sissotson (Cecilia), Rayment 
for Raymond, Garment for Garmond, Forty for the old ' de la Fortheye ' of co. 
Oxford (which still exists as Forty in the city), and a host of others. All this was 
perfectly natural, and to this day the provincial sparrowgrass remains for asparagus, 
and causeway for causey. For similar instances v. Gumboil, Popkiss, or Birdseye. 
Therefore, as the newspaper advertisements say, ' beware of imitations.' 

Many familiar dictionary words are closely connected with surnames, which 
materially help to elucidate their meaning, v. Codling (apple), Cocket (coquette), or 
Gillott (jilt) ; but jilt has been already explained in my English Surnames, 

Some extraordinary modifications maybe mentioned. One day (1895) the driver 
of a tram-car on Banbury Road, Oxford, told me his name was Woosnam. I at 
once asked him if he came from South Lancashire. He looked somewhat astonished, 
but said ' yes.' ' From the neighbourhood of Bury or Rochdale ? ' I inquired. 
' Rochdale,' he said. His ancestot's were the familiar Wolstenholme, of that district, 
but he persisted that his father and mother spelt the name Woosnam, and so in 
some cases it is found in the Lancashire directories. In the registers of St. Mary, 



Ulverston, the great Furness name of Postlethwaite is often entered Poslet 
Chawner represents the occupative Chaloner ; Rownson, Roanson, or Ronson repre- 
sent Rowlandson or Rolltnson in the Furness district of North Lancashire, and are 
found in the Manchester and other directories. Townson in the same division of the 
county stands for Tomlinson. Conclusive proof, or circumstantial evidence not 
absolutely proof, in these cases is forthcoming. I have only given a few instances, 
but many others will be found in the pages of this book. Here again the student 
must be warned against guessing. Only earnest reading of the published works of 
County Archceot<^ical Societies and Church Registers will give him the desired 
key to the elucidation of such curious modifications, not to say mutilations. 

It may be noticed that aspirates were indifferently used — Ilbert and Heleberd 
were the same. Hunderhill is found for Underhill (Kirby's Quest, i Edw. Ill, 
p. 325). Hatchard now stands for Achard ; Hellison is found for Ellison in the 
Yorkshire PoIJ Tax, 1379. In the Hundred Rolls of 1273, the same individual is 
referred to as Hippwell and Ippewell. To-day we find Hadkins and Adkins, 
Harnett for Arnett, Haskew and Askew, Houselcy and Ouseley, Hadcock and 
Adcock, Hosgood and O^ood, EiHngham and Heffingham, &c., running side 
by side. 

In the surname period there seems to have been no law as regards aspirates. 
Many of these ^'s are modern, but the larger number, as this dictionary will show, 
date from the period when surnames were becoming established. Of course it is 
a vice versa affair. Cf Armitage in the directory with hermit:^ in the ordinary 
dictionary. Many old English personal names, now completely forgotten, survive 
in our surnames. Aldus is one such, now found as Aldus, Aldis, Aldhous, the 
imitative Atdhouse, Aldous, or Alldiss {v. Aldhoiise). In the eastern counties it 
was evidently a popular font-name, especially in Norfolk : 

William fil Alduse, co. Notts, 1373. A. 

Aldus Waveloc, co. Camb., 1273. A. 

Hugh fil Aldus, co. Norf., 1273. A. 

Just another instance from a large list, that of Aldrich: 

John Fil Aldrech. C. 

John Aldryche, bailiff of Yaimouth, 1469: FF. xi. 325. 

This still lives in our directories, both in America and England, as Aldricb, and 
the imitative and local-looking Aldridge. From twenty to twenty-five surnames, 
more or less flourishing in our English and American directories, spring from the 

D,y.:,.eG by t^OOg IC 


great personal name, Sagar, or Sayer. It plays havoc with the vowels ; one 
individual, Siger de Frevile by name, is found in the Hundred Rolls (1273) as 
Siger, Saer, Sayer, and Seer (ii. 152, 514, 153,533): v. Sayer for many present 
forms. But, as a personal name, Sayer is completely forgotten. The same remark 
applies to Hake and Hacon. These must suffice. A large number of examples 
will present themselves to those who care to consult the pages of this book ; as for 
instance, Elvey (or Allvey), Woolrich (or Woolwrlght), and Kendnck (or Ken- 
wright). A large number of names have two or three distinct origins ; take Bell, 
for instance : 

Nicholas fil Bele, co. Beds., 1273. A. 

Bella or Bele Cotty, co. Line, 1273, A. 

Hugh le Bel, co. Oxf., 1273. A. 

Richard atte Bell, 1307. M. 

Here are three derivations of Bell : 3 personal name, a nickname, and a local 
sign-name. Or again, Horn : 

Adah Horn, co. Wilts, 1273. A. 
Roger de Horne, co. Kent, 1273. A. 


Here we have first, a personal name ; secondly, a local name, Horn being a parish 
in CO. Kent ; and thirdly, a sign-name. 

Or once more, Gulliver. This also has three parentages : a personal, a local, 
and again a personal (v. Gulliver (i), (2), and (3) ). 

The instances of a double derivation are endless. One example will suffice. 
Lamb is just as often a personal name as a nickname. Lambert was a great 
favourite in the surname period, and its nick was Lamb ; its diminutives being 
X.amb-in and Lamb-kin. Such an entry as — 

William le Lambe, co. Camb^ 1273. A, 

represents the nickname. 

The statement that surnames from female names never existed is too absurd to 
contradict ; and the idea that such names denote illegitimacy is as utterly ridiculous 
to the careful student. So far as the first allegation is concerned, it is enough 
to point to the enormous influence such gtrl-names as Juliana, Constance, Isabella, 
Matilda, Margaret, Avice (Heloise), Emma, &c., with their many diminutives, such 
as Jowett, Gillott, Cust, Custance, Ibb, Ibson, Ibbott, Ibbotson, Tillott, Tillotson, 
Magg, Megson, Moxon, Avison (sometimes), Emmot, Emlin, Embling, Emmotson, 



Emmet, and dozens of other girl-names, have had on our directories of to-day. 
Dennison or Tennyson, or Tennison, in nine cases out of ten are descendants of the 
feminine Dionise ; v. Isard for a large batch. If any one will take the trouble to 
study the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, he will be astonished to find how many 
children were styled after the mother's personal name while the father was living ; 
probably because she was a stronger personality than he 10 the eyes of her 
neighbours, or because she had a dowry. In many cases, too, the child would be 

It is curious to notice apparently extinct surnames in England crop up in 
the U.S.A. ; v. for instance. Holy Peter, now Hollopeter across the Atlantic. It 
seems to have long died out in the old country. So with Liard, which I can only 
find in New York. The same remark applies to Pallister and to Chickin. The 
last is found in the Boston Directory. 

Circumstantial evidence. There are many cases where proof of the derivation 
is not absolute, and yet where you can scarcely hesitate to accept the evidence : 
V. Pim, or Pimm, or Pilson, where the origin is practically settled. 

Some local and official names are to all intents and purposes the same. Hence 
Spence and Spencer, Panter and Pantry, Kitchen and Kitchener, Port and Porter. 
Take but one instance : 

Robert le Panter, co. Camb., 1373. A. 
John de la Paneterik, London, 1373. A. 
Both of these occupied the position of steward of the pantry. Many instances 
of this double description will be found in the p^es of this book. It may be 
ai^ed that some of these local names may represent under-servants of the steward. 
That is possible. 

Variants of family names are extraordinary in number. The Mannerings of 
Cheshire are said to have 137 dilTerent ways of spelling the name in their archives. 
I think it was Mr. Chaloner Smith who found over 400 variations of Cushion in 
old wills, &c. In Fumess, North Lanes., Crewdson, Croudson, or Crowdson run 
together, and some of them are even now known to be connected. Dearnally and 
Dearnley may be seen side by side over shops ; I have seen them in Higher 
Broughton, Manchester, eighteen years ^o. Several years ago I saw Povah and 
Povey close together in Ellesmere, co. Salop. The Cheshire Cumberback is 
found in America as Counterpatch. Ralegh or Trott will furnish good instances 
of variety of spelling in the unsettled period of orthography. Just take Blenkin- 
sopp as an example: 'On April 23, 1470, Eliz. Blynkkynesoppye.of Blynkynsoppe, 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


widow of Thomas Bljoikyensope, of Blynkkensope, received a general pardon ' 
(Hodgson's Northumberland, iii. 130). Here are four variations within two lines 
written by the same hand. This wilt give the casual reader an idea of the 
v^aries in spelling. Many of these names, like our dictionary words, attained one 
settled orthography ; but far more did not, as shown above. A Bnal example : 
Slater, Slatter, and Sclater, are all prospering in our directories to-day; Sclaster, 
mentioned elsewhere, is extinct. We find 

Adam le Sclattere, co. Oxt, 1273. A. 

Richard LE Sclattere, co. Oxf., 1373. A. 

Every Oxford undergraduate is familiar with Slatter, but the entries of this 
surname show the natural tendency to diverge into three variants. 

Of course, the further off the more likely modifications -would arise, as in the 
case of Counterpatch referred to above. Chisholm is an instance. In Philadelphia 
this name is found as Chisom ; and in Boston, although Chisholm is preserved, we 
find Chisam. 

It is important, where possible, to give the county wherein early extracts from 
records can be found. Browning, although universal, was specially a popular 
personal name in the West Country. The surname is common there. You must 
look for Death in Cambridgeshire, and Daft in co. Nottingham. Jolland was 
a Lincolnshire personal name ; it is there you must look to-day for the surname 
as well as its variants. Halliwelt, in his Provincial Dictionary, gives us 'hext, 


" The erchebischop of Canturberi 
In Engelonde that is hext." ' 
Cf. this with 

Walter Hexte, co. Soms., i Edw. Ill; Kirby's Quesl, p. 186. 

There are four Hexts to-day, in M.D.B. {co. Cornwall). Probably the ancestor 
was the tallest in the family. Again, Halliwell furnishes us with 'halse, hazel, 
CO. Somerset.' In Kirby's Quest, quoted above, we find 

Richard atte Halse, co. Soms., i Edw. Ill, p. 181. 
Thus from residence by some prominent hazel-tree we have not only surnames 
representing Hazel, &c., but an early form, Halse, still preserved in the vernacular 
of the county in which it arose. There are four Halses in the London Directory, 
and two in Boston (U.S.A.). Again, take co. Durham. There are curious 
surnames of local origin which found their rise in certain monastic or ecclesiastical 
fabrics. Galilee is an instance. 



WILLUU DE LA Galilyb, C. R^ 3 Edw. Ill, pt. L 

John Gaulee, n^X^ist. Newcastle and Gateshead, i. 40%). 

No doubt this surname was attached to Durham Cathedral It still exists 
in Sunderland, and has reached Liverpool, and in a modified form is found in 
New York. Cardinal Langley was buried in the Galilee of Durham in 1437. Now 
go to the Western Country. A iwitcken was an alley or passage that went 
between two thoroughlares \ hence 

Richard de la Twichbnb,. co. Devon, 1373. A. 
Nicholas Twycueenwevb, co. Soms. : Kirby's Quest, p. 334. 

Twitchen and Twitchin are the present form of the surname. Any reader of 
Anthony i Wood's Oxford will be familiar with this local term. 

While on this subject we may notice that k is frequently lost in local surnames 
where the suffix begins with k : cf. Foxell for Foxhall, Greenall for Greenhall, or 
Blackall for Blackball. Buckle no doubt represents Buckhill, as Windle, Windhill. 
Haslam is a modification of Hasleham, and Barnum is an American form of 
Barnham, as Chessum is an English form of Chesham. Goodenougb has lost 
the A in the suflix kougk. The most important instance of all, ey for hey, is 
treated of elsewhere. 

In some cases the personal suflix cock (as in Wilcock, &c.), becomes the local 
suffix cott, and vice versa. Thus Glascott has become Glascock, JefTcock has been 
turned into Jeffcott, and Grocott stares you in the face as Growcock. 

In many cases English surnames are a mere translation of Norman-French 
names : cf. Cutbush with Talboys (i. e. Taillebois), Fairbrother for Beaufrere, 
Handsomebody for Gentilcorps, or Whitebread (or Whitbread) for Blanchpain. 
Plenty of similar instances will be found. 

In an article in the Quarterly Review, January, 1895, a stern but kindly critic 
doubts the existence of surnames from sign-names of taverns, &c. I feel sure that 
I can satisfy him that such is the case : 

Thomas del Hat, co. Oxf., 1273. A. 

John atte Hatte. J. 

John atte Belle, London. X. 

Richard atte Bell, 1307, M. 

Much atte Cokke. B. 

William atte Robuck, 1313. M, 

Gilbert de la Hegle, co. Sussex, 1373. A. 

Ralph de Le Runce, co. Notts, Hen. HI, Edw. I. K. 

,y Google 


With this last entry cf. Grayhorse and Whiteborse : 

WiLUAM DEL Whithors, Fines Roll, a Edw. I. 
Thomas atte Swan, Close RoUs, a Hen. IV, pt. ii. 
■ John db la Rose, co. O^i^ 1273. A, 
William atte Raume, Fines Roll, 14 Edw. II. 

I think it is impossible to resist the evidence that many of our surnames (even 
when they have several parentages, as in the cases of Bell and Horn) sprang from 
sign-board names, and are therefore local. Most of these surnames are signs for 
taverns or hotels to-day: cf. Crosskeys. 

At first even formal recorders, or, as we might say, registrar officers, were only 
too pleased to receive evidence of identity. Putting aside occupative, baptismal, 
and nick- names, all local helps were ' thankfully received.* Take the following, from 
a single raster: 

Adah in the Hurne (Le. the comer). 

John Underhulle (i. e. under the hill). 

William Ufedoun (i. e. the upper part of the down). 

John by the Wode (i. e. from residence thereby). 

John Bithewater, now Bywater (from residence thereby). 

Robert in the Merche (i.e. from residence in the marsh). 

Alicia in the Diche (from residence by the dike). 

Roger Benetheclive (from residence under the cliff). 

Lucia atte Rugewey (from residence on the way to the hill-ridge). 

Matilda Ufhulle (from residence up Che hill). 

John by the More (from residence beside the moor). 

Robert Bytheweve (from residence by the road side). 

Robert Bynethemor (from residence below the moor). 

Geoffrey Boveweye {bom residence above the road side). 

Walter Byendebrok (from residence behind the brook). 

These are all from Kirby's Quest, I Edw. III. The Hundred Rolls (1373) are 
just the same: 

Edward by the Wode,co. Dorset. 

Alyva Benetheton (i. e. below the town), co. Camb. 

It is thus by incorporation we get such names as Bywater, Bythesea, Underbill, 

Underwood, Underdown, Attewell, Attwood, Townsend, &c. 

It is interesting to observe the various meanings of man as a suffix : 

(i) Han, meaning a servant, either semi-official or occupative, either for indoor 

or outdoor service. Our Grangemans looked after the grange; the ancestors of 

our Denmans attendsd to the pannage of the pigs (cf. Swinnart) ; our Bridgmans 



took the toll (cf. Bridger). Ladyman and Bowerman are easily explained : take 
from the Yorkshire Poll Tax (1579) Ricardus Ladyman (p. 253), Johanna ye 
Ladimayden (p. 33), Johannes Serve-lady {p. 231), William Masterman (p. 231), 
William Halleman (p. 232), Cecilia del Boure (p. 154), Johannes Boureman 
(p. 154) — all these latter were indoor servants. Bowerman and Ladyman therefore 
attended 'my lady's' behests. Cf. also such names as Monkman, Priestman, or 
Vicarman, all servants. But we have not done ; man, in the sense of servant, is 
conjoined with the master's personal name ; hence the Yorkshire Matthewman, 
i.e. the servant of Matthew; Addyman, the servant of Adam (from the nick 
Addy) : cf. 

MatHeuS de LovTHOvS, ^firmariut, 1379, Poll Tax, Yorka. p. 341. 

WiLLELMUs Mathewman, ibid. p. 341. 

Magota Mathewoman, ibid. p. 241. 
Here the hind and the kitchen wench take their surname from their master's 
personal name. Cf. again: 

Adam Svmmeson, seuUr {i. e. shoemaker), 1379, P. T. Yorks. p. 25- 

Johannes seiviens Adc Symmeson, ibid. p. 35. 
Or take another instance : 

Adam de Wodhall : marckaunt, ibid. p. 35. 
Thomas serviens dicti Ade, ibid. p. 35. 

This class is a fairly large one, and corrects Mr. Lower's view that Harriman 
was a freebooter. Hughman, and probably Human, were Hugh's servants. Even 
Hughesman is found in the London Directory; cf. Smithman, the blacksmith's 
assistant, or Dayman, or Daymon, the dairyman's assistant, v. Day. 

(2) Man, a modification of motid in personal names : cf. Gorman for Gormund, 
Osman for Osmond, Rosaman for Rosamond, Wyman or Wayman for Wymond. 
Miss Yonge {Christian Names, ii. 414) has Hartmund as a personal name. I find 
a Herteman Hauberk in (O), showing how early the variation occurred. 

As regards nicknames with an augmentive -man, we may cite such designations 
as Longman, Shortman, Leishman, or Wightman. One instance seems to occur 
equally early. On the same page I find Nicholas Richemonde and Nicholas 
Richeman {[ Edw. IH, Kirby's Quest, p. 183). I say seems, because it is possible 
that these are separate in their parentage although related. 

{3) Man, as an augmentive suifix in personal names or nicknames. Therefore 
such surnames as Goldman, Tiddiman, Bateman, Richman or Rjckman, Hardman, 
Speakman, Sweetman (commonly Swetman in the Hundred Rolls, 1273), Hickman 

Dyj.eo by t^OOg IC 


(except when it means the servant of Hick, i.e. Richard), Harman, Spillman 
(German Spielman), &c. 

It may be added that there are two or three curious terminatives in man, 
which have no connexion with the word. One is Gillman or Oilman, not a dweller 
in a gill, but an imitative variant of Gillemin, or Gilmyn, a popular font-name 
in the surname period (v. Gilman). Another is Godliman, for Godalming; 

1696-7. Mairied— Samuell Carr and AMNE Hall, of Godlyman, co, Surrey: Reg. 
St. Dionis Backchurch, p. 45. 

1792. Married— George Wild and Mary Goduman : Reg, St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 75. 

This again b imitative. Cf. also Quarterman for the old Quatremayns, 

(4) Han for nham in local surnames. Instances will be found scattered over 

the country. Indeed it is a fairly large class ; cf. Parman for Farnham, Deadman 

for Debenham, Futman (in many cases) for Puttenham, Swetman (in some cases) 

for Swettenham, Highman for Highnam (a place in co. Gloucester), or Downman 

for Downham (in some cases). The most interesting instance, however, is Lyman 

for Lyneham, on account of the rapidity with which it has spread in the United 

States. Lyneham is a chapelry in the parish of Shipton, co. Oxford. The first 

instance of the change of the surname to Lyman I can find is dated 1591. A few 

years after, a Lyman went with the Furitan fathers to Virginia, and I was told in 

1888, while at Boston, that every Lyman in the States had sprung from one 

individual settler. One or two of these names ending in man may be locative 

or occupative. Pullman (the poolman) may have supplied fish for his master's 

table, and Heathman may have been a keeper. Also Townman may have been 

a farm labourer. But Styleman is evidently locative (one who lived by the stile) ; 

so must be considered Hearnman (one who lived in a hearn, or corner). 

B in nicks becomes Ii and d. This is of historic interest 

(i) Hence nicks. Hob and Dob, for Robert ; whence Hobbs, Dobbs, &c. 

(2) Hence nicks, Hodge and Dodge, for Roger ; whence Hodgson, Dodgson, &c. 

{5) Hence Hick ' and Dick for Richard (the first in the surname period seemingly 

the most popular), whence Hickson, Dickson, &c. 

These three nicks have given us a very laige number of names. Robert, through 
its two nicks, has given us Hobbs, Hobson, sharpened into Hopps, Hopkins, 
Hopkinson, &c. Roger has, through its two nicks, given us Hodgson, Dodgson, 
Hodgkins, Hodgkinson, &c. Richard gave us, through its two nicks, scores of 

' Wrongly attributed to Isaac in English Surnames, but corrected in the fifth edition. 



surnames. Hick, as stated above, at first the favourite, gave us Hicks, Hick- 
son, and the tazified H^g, Higgs, Higson, and the dim. Higgin, Hi^ins, 
H^inson, &c. From Dick we get Dicks, Dickson, Dixon, Dix, Dickinson, &c. 
This reference to Hick and Dick brings us to a very interesting point as regards 
the antiquity of nursery rhymes. The late Mr. Halliwell Phillipps would have 
enj<yed the confirmation of his views. From these two nicks we got 

'Bi'ci-oiy Dick-oiy dock 
The mouse ran up the clock, 
The dock struck one, the mouse was gone, 
Hiek-ary Dick-oiy dock.' 

As Hick disappeared almost immediately after the Reformation, this verse is 
stamped with the mark of age. 

The same remark applies to Humpty Dumpty. Humphrey was a most 
familiar name, and gave us amongst other surnames Humphrey and Dumphry, both 
existing to-day. Hence, certainly long before the Reformation, 

' Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, 
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall; 
Not all the King's horses, nor all the King's men. 
Could put Humpty Dumpty together again.' 

I once noticed in a magazine article a doubt thrown on the antiquity of Four 
and Twenty Blackbirds, on account of the line ' The King was in his Counting- 
house,' stating that it was a modem term. The following entry settles that 
matter : 

Nicholas del Countvnghouse, Issue Rolls, 4 Ric. II. 

While on this subject, we must mention Bunting. It is a flourishing surname 
to-day. It is evidently some form of bon-et-on, a Norman-French expression of 
endearment, meaning ' good wee little one * ; the final g, of course, being excrescent, 
as in Jennings, &c. Thus we have, as old as the hills, so to speak : 

'Baby, Baby Bunting, 
Daddy 's gone a-hunting, 
To get a litde rabbit-skin 
To wrap the Baby Bunting in.' 

The fact that Bunting was a kind of nickname is proved by the fact that four 
women are mentioned in the Coventry Mysteries, their names being (three of them 
baptismal) : 



' Bontyng tbe Brewster, and Sybyly Slyngei 
Megge Merywedyr and Sabyn Sprynge.' 
Cf. AuCB BUHETUN, CO. Ox£, 1273. A. 

Hugh BoNTrac, co. ijac, 1273. A. 
In the latter case the final^would be an excrescence. 

T, or B, or i ; intrusive for euphony. Hence Lockyer for Locker, Tawyer for 
Tawer, Sawyer for Sawer, Bowyer for Bower, Quarrier for Quarrer, Glasyer or 
Glasier for Glaser, Stc; cf. lawyer for lawer. Also we get Hard-a-way for 
Hardway, Green-a-way for Greenway, Ott-a-way for Ottway, Hath-a-way for 
Hathway, Hen-e-ry for Henry, Thack-e-ray for Thackwray, Horn-i-man for Horn- 
man; Nap-i-er is an historic surname for the official Naper, and even such local 
names as Dearnally and Dearnley go side by side. 

T and i. By some unwritten law, an occupative surname, and the name of 
the occupation itself, are discriminated. It seems to be settled that tailor is 
Taylor, that rider is Ryder. Similarly, a sike is Sykes, dike is Dykes, stile 
is Styles. 

Here we come to a curious but natural custom. It is evident that in mono- 
syllabic local names a genitive form was used. Brooks meant Brook's son, 
Dykes was Dyke's son, Sykes was Syke's son, Brl^s was Brigg's son, Holmes 
was Holm's son, Styles was Style's son; Myers was Myer's son : cf. Jones, 
Williams, Tompkins, &c., a large class. The dissyllabic local class is small, the 
only one I remember at the moment being Borroughs or Burrows for Burrough. 

Son for ston, thus turning a local into a baptismal surname: cf. Balderson 
for Balderston, Kelson for Kelston, Sherson for Sherston, Shillson for Shilston, 
Sprosson for Sproston, or Huddleson (Philadelphia) for Huddleston. Probably 
Hillson stands for Hitlsdon. This list is by no means exhaustive : cf. Chilson for 
Childeston, Coltson for Colston, or Compson for Compston, 

Sp for th, &c. Sturgess stands for the great personal name Thurgis, Pillsbury 
for Spillsbury, Pickernell for Spigurnell, and Pichfat for Spichfat. These are 
oddities that may be placed together. But these freaks were not uncommon : 
cf, Potticary and Prentice for Apothecary and Apprentice, or Cater for Achatour. 

Ph for f, and vice versa. Cf. Physick for Flshwick, Phetteplace for Fetteplace, 
Philbrick for Fellbr^ (a parish in co. Norf.), Philby for Filby. On the other 
hand, Philcock is found as Filcock {v. Philcox), Filpot stands for Philpot, Filkin 
for Philkin. Again, Phillis has taken the place of Felice. Perhaps the most 
interesting instance in the list is that of Phillimore for Finamour, 'pure love' 



(v. Flnnemore, Filmore, and Phillimore, where a local origin is also given). That 
this charming old Norman name is parent of most of our FhilUmores there can 
scarce be a doubt. The seeming local suffix presents no difficulty : of. Parraraore 
for Paramour, which when it arose meant an honest lover- 


There are few variations to be mentioned under this head. The official 
comprises the smallest class, and occupative names the next smallest. There is 
no material change or modification in their form, but historically they are very 
interestii^. Such names as Napier (with intrusive t), Carver, Sewer, Ewer, 
Chamberlain, Butler, Spencer, Page, Smallpage, &c,, are with us to-day, and 
represent indoor offices familiar to the baronial halls of the surname period. 

Of outdoor positions of official or semi-official importance we may mention 
such duties as those of Woodward, Pinder, Catchpole, Hunt, Falconer or 
Faulkner, &c. Of course, Catchpole was a nickname, but it acquired a semi- 
official position, like Shakespear, &c. 

Son as a suffix to occupative names. This is a small but interesting class : 
cf Hindson or Hinson, Herdson, Shepherdson. Even Taylorson exists in 
Yorkshire ; I have seen the name over a shop in Ripen. I hope some member 
of the family will marry and have, say, nine sons, all healthy, and continue this 
old English surname. Tinkerson also holds a precarious existence; so does 

Herd, as a suffix, has undei^one strange experiences. The suffix itself has 
given us Herd, Hird, and Heard ; and in compounds we get such surnames as 
the Yorkshire Calvert for Calveherd, Coward for Cowherd, Swinnart for Swineherd, 
Stoddart for Stotherd, and the old Yorkshire Oxenherd still manages to survive 
in Oxnard, I was delighted to see it above a shop in Newcastle-upon-Tyne at the 
Church Coi^ess some years aga Many more cases occur in this dictionary. 

Monger as a suffix : cf. 

Richard le Flesmongere (butcher), co, Bucks, 1373. A. 

Thomas le Garlykmonger, c. 131a M. 

Kalph le Cornmonger. T. 

John le Melhongere (meal), c. 1310. M. 

Denis le Otemonger, London. X. 

Walter le Heymongere. G. 



Al! these are obsolete, I fear, as well as Woodmonger, &c. ; but Iremonger or 
Ironmonger still survives, 
Haker as a suffix : cf. 

WIU.IAM Parchmbntmaker, Close Roll, 4 Henry V. 

Agnes Pouchghaker, co. York. W. a. 

John Monemaker, ca York. W. 3. 

John lb Candlemaker^, t. 1300. M. 

Thomas Clokhaker, 1428 : Proceedings and Ordinances of the Piivy Council. 

Thomas lb AUnseremakrr (a scale or balance maker), London. X. 

This list also could be easily added to- 

Hewer as a suffix. This represents a small number, but one or two still 
live; cf. Woodyer for Woodhewer ('hewers of wood,' A.V.), or Stonehewer, or 
Fleshewer, a butcher. 

William Flesschewer, co. York. W. 2. 

John Fleshewer, carmftx, 1379, P. T. Yorks. p. 196. 

John Stonehewer. AA. 4. 

Robert lb Wodehyewkre. H. 

Smith as a suffix. The colour of the metal worked on was frequently 
compounded with smith. We find Brownsmith, Blacksmith, Greensmith, White- 
smith, and Redsmith, who seem severally to have worked in copper, iron, lead, 
tin, and gold, the last-named being in fact a goldsmith. Most of these still 
survive. Arrowsmith explains itself, in spite of what has been written. Billsmith 
and Spearsmith also require no interpretation. As regards colour-names, several 
examples may be mentioned : 

WiLUAM Brounsmyth, CO. Soms., I Edw. in : Kirby's j2««A p. 107. 

Simon Bronsmyth, J379, P. T. Yorks. p. 163. 

William le Blakesmitu, C. R., 54 Henry III. 

Richard Grensuvthb, t. Eliz. Z. 

Richard le Wvteshith, C. R., 45 Henry 1 1 1. 

John Rod£SUitue (Redesmith ?). D. 

Oddly enough, whitesmith and blacksmith remain as occupative terms, and the 
others, saving one, as surnames. It is probable that Nasmith is Knifesmith ; 
but if not it is Nailsmith, now as an occupative term, nailer. But I suspect it 
will be found to be Knifesmith. 

Wiight as a suffix. Compounds ending in wright are generally simple of 
explanation. Take such entries as : 



John BOTEWRiGHT, ca Norf., 1474. FF. vi. 215, 

Hugh le Limwryte (a lime-bumer), co. Bucks, 1373. A. 

Thomas le Glaswryghte, London. X. 

John Chesewright, t Elii. Z. 

Hugh lb Schipwryte, co. Camb., 1273. A. 

Walter Welwryghte (a wheelwright), co. Essex, 1273. A. 

Robert le Cartwright. B. 

Robert le Waiswright. H. 

John Bordwrygt (a carpenter), 1379, P.T. Yorks. p. 161. 
We may mention also the Yorkshire Arkwright, a maker of meal-bins, shaped 
hke a Noah's ark ; Tellwright, a manufacturer of tiles, found around Burslem ; 
or Slaywright, a maker of looms. Of the above, nearly all survive in our 
directories. But we must not be deceived by such names as AUwright, or 
Woolwright, or Kenwr^ht. These are personal names; Allwright's descent 
is plain : 

Alricus de Aulaby, CO. York, 1273. A. 

WiLUAM Alright, co. Bedf., Hen. HI-Edw. 1. K. 

For Woolwright v. Woolrich, and for Kenwright v. Kendrick. 

Sr as a suffix. This requires small attention : cf. Tucker, Walker, or Fuller, 
all in the same business: 

Roger le Tukere, co. Dorset, 1273. A. 

Geoffrev le Walkers, London, 1373. A. 

Robert MEGSON, walkare, 1379, P. T, Yorks, p. 159. 

Hence such occupative surnames as Parker, Tasker, Fletcher, Baker, Conder, 
Mawer, Mather, Kisser, Spicer, or Poulter. Kisser deserves notice, as the name 
still exists: 

Richard le Kissere, London. X. . 

Walter de Bedefont, kissere, London. X. 

The Kisser was a maker of cubhes, thigh-armour. 

Step as a suffix. At first a feminine terminative : cf. Spinster for Spinner, 
Hence such occupations as Rokster, Brewster, Baxter for Baker, Kempster 
(a wool-comber), Simister (now sempstress), Blaxter (a bleacher), PipCster (a piper), 
Breadmongster, all of which may be looked upon probably as avocations followed 
by women: 

Juliana Rokster, 138B. RR. a. 

Matilda Blakestxr, London, 1273. A. 

Giliana le Backster, CO. Hunts, 1J73. A. 

Sara la Breuemongstere, London. X. 



AucB PiPESTRE, Ctose Roll, 30 Edw. I. 
Acmes Kbubester, 1379, P.T. Yorks., p. 219. 
Johanna Sapbr, ktmsttr, 1379, P.T. Howdenshbe, p. 12. 

The same saffix is found in Walkster, i.e. Walker (a fuller), and Webster, both 
probably female employments. 

Johannes Walkkster, fuUo, 1379, P. T. Yorks., p. i86, 

Alicia Wryght, kuaeyfe, webster, ibid., p. £6. 
Of Other examples, cf. Glaister for Glaser, Palister for Paliser, Lttster (now 
Lister) for Litter, Slaster for Slater, Thackster or Thaxter for Thacker, or 
Dempster for Deemster. Palister still survives in American directories. It was an 
oM Yorkshire term for a parker. Glaister was a glazier, and the name still lives. 

ROBBRTUS Clbrkson, sclatfer, 1379, P.T. Yorks., p. 61. 

Agnbs Sclastbr, ibid., p. 3. 

This is a Yorkshire term for a slater. Many of the above surnames flourish 
to-day in England and the United States. 


Ing and win as suffix. It is curious to notice that these two suflixes go 
side by side, sometimes suggesting that ing is the parent, sometimes that wi't 
is, and that from a modified in, and excrescent g, it has become ing. The 
instances seem innumerable: cf. Hurlwin and Hurling or Hurlin, Hardwin and 
Hardily, Brunwin and Bruning or Browning, Gunwin and Gunning, Goodwin 
and Gooding, Goldwin and Golding, 

Idge as suffix for ioh. Thus Aldrich becomes Aldridge, Eldrich becomes 
Eldridge, Surrich becomes Surridge, &c These look local but are not so. 

T as prefix to a. Hence Taggy for A^e (Agnes), still used as a nick in 
Fumess, North Lancashire ; Taddy for Addy (Adam) : cf. Teddy for Edward. 

Q after n, an excrescence. Hence Jenin (Littlejohn), Jening, and gen. 
Jennings; cf. Collin (Nicholas), Collins, and CoUinge; Embling for Emlin or 
Emeline. This list could be extended to any amount. 

Z for ks and oka. Cf. Coxon for Cockson, Wilcoxon for Wilcockson (the son 
of William), Dixon for Dickson, Rixon for Rickson (Richard), Cox for Cocks, 
Hixon and Hix for Hickson and Hicks (Richard); cf. Baxter for Bakester 
(b female baker), Blaxter for Blakister (a female bleacher). 

F after m: cf. Thompson for Thomson, Simpson for Simson (the son of 

D,y:..G oyCjOOg IC 


Simon), Hampson for Hamson (the son of Hamon). Lampson is Lambson, 
i.e. Lambert's son, and is strictly only a change from ^ to /: cf. the local 
Hampton, or Southampton. 

B after m. Cf. Embling (with excrescent g) for Emlin (Emeline), or Hambluig 
for Hameline (Hamon). 

D, an excrescence after n. Cf. ribbon and riband, and the provincial drownded 
for drowned, ox gownd for gown. Thus Simmonds for Simmons (Simon), Hammond 
for Hamon, Jolland for JoUan, Walrand for Waleran, Hind for Hine, Hollingdrake 
for HoUingrake, Grindrod for Greenroyd, Standfield for StanReld, Standrii^ for 
Stannering. Even Somendour for Sumner existed. Rowantree is found also as 
Roundtree to-day, and in my London Directory occur three Towndrows for 
Townrow. Take two examples: 

1603. Buried— SUSAND Cardwelle, St. Jas. Clerkenwell, iv. 74. 
Hut Susan in this form has made no impression. It is different with Simon ; 
the excrescent d was early in vc^ue: 

John Simond, co. Orf., 1273. A. 
' Johannes that was servant of Symond Godewyne.'— Patent Rrfl, 17 Ric. II, pt 3. 

Hence not merely Simmons but Simmonds. There is not the slightest evidence 
that Sigismund was the parent of Simond or Symond. Simon was more popular 
than Peter, probably because of the obnoxious Peter's pence. This objection has 
made a great difference to the directories of to-day. 

n, 3 prefix to personal and local surnames with an initial vowel. Thus Nab 
was the nick of Abel, whence Nabbs; Nibb was the nick of Isabel; Nobbs 
was a variation of Hobbs, sharpened into Nopps and Hopps (Robert); cf. Noll, 
the nick of Oliver. Other instances may be furnished ; Nanson for Anson. Later 
on Nan became Nanney and Nancy. In some cases Nelson must not be attributed 
to Nel (Eleanor, a most popular girl-name in the surname epoch) but to Neilson, 
from an equally popular Niel or Nigel. As regards Nab, we may quote the 
Alchemist (1610), where Abel, the tobacco-man, is familiarly Nab: 
'Six o' thy legs more will not do it, Nab.'— Act ii. sc i. 

Of local instances where the final « of 'atten' became the prefix of the name 
proper, we may mention Nokes, 'atten-okes'; Nash, ' atten-ash ' ; or Nail, 'atten-ale' 
(i.e. alehouse); all from residence thereby; cf. also Nalder: 
Phhjp attemoke, C1os« Roll, 3 Edw. I. 
Richard atte Noke. P. 




Alice atmnalre, Le. 'at the alder-tree.' J. 

Sakra Attenbshe. B. 

Agnes ate Nassk, co. Oxf., 1373. A. 

Nale, and its modem imitative Kail, is an interestii^ relic : 

'And maken him gret festes at the nale.'— Chaucer, C. T, 6931. 
Nelmes belongs to the same category; 

OSBERT ATTE ELME, CO. Oxf., 1273. A. 

A or I turned into in. Hence Pottinger for Potager, Massinger or Messinger 
for Messager, Clavinger for Clavlger- Pennager seems to have remained unmodified : 

Robert Clawnger (Ibe mace-bearer). H. 

John LE Potager (a maker of pottage, a thick soup), co. Soms., I Edw. Ill, Kirby's Quesii 
p. 172- 

176Z. Married — Benjamin Pottinger and Eliz. Dance, St. Geo. Han. 5q. i. 112. 

William le Pennager (an ensign bearer). £. 

T for d, and vice versa. Hence Atkins for Adkins (Adam), Atty for Addie 
(Adam), Tandy for Dandy, Tyson for Dyson, Tennyson for Dennison, Chantler 
for Chandler, Hazleteen or Hazletine for Hazledean, Prout for Proud, Thring for 
Dring, Henty for Hendy, Rayment for Raymond, or Dottridge for Doddridge. 
On the other hand we find Dandridge for Tandridge, Dibble for Tibbie, Ditchburn 
for Titchbum, Doc^ood for Toogood, or Dunnicliff for Tunnicliffe. A good 
instance of the disposition to interchange is found in the two entries following : 

1651, Oct. 13. Bapt,— Ruth, d. Robert and Elizabeth ToocooDj Reg. St. Thomas the 
Apostle (London),. p. 59. 

1653, Feb, 15. Bapt— Ralph, s. Robert and Elizabeth Doocoon, Reg. St Thomas 
the Apostle (London), p. 59. 

Ch for i. Hence probably Chubb for Jubb (Job). Hence also such an entry 
as Challand for Jalland : 

1789. Married— Jambs Wimble and Martha Chalianu, St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 34. 
Cf. Choice for Joyce. 

J and g interchangeable. Hence Jack and Gill, now more correctly printed 
Jack and Jill ; Joscelyn for Goscelin, now Gosling (imitative) ; Jarrett for Gerard ; 
cf. gfaoler for jailer. 

O and a Hence Gusterson for Custerson, Grain (imitative) for Crane, Glitherow 
for Clitheroe, and vice versa. Especially interesting is the North English Candlin 
for the famous old name of Gandelyn. Grandage is found to-day for Cranidge, 
c 2 



Cammell (imitative) for Gammell. Even GatcUff is entered as Catliif in 
P. T. Yorks., 1379, p- 63, showing how early such changes occurred. Cf. also 
Carbutt for Garbutt, or Camidge for Gamage. 

U for n, when the termination of each syllable is n. Cf. the words random 
and ransom, for randon and ranson. Similarly Pensom represents Penson, Hansom 
is Hanson, Ransom and Ransome are Ranson (Randolph). Professor Skeat says 
that Hansom means Handsome. After thirty years' study I find no instance of 
this nickname, and it may be taken for granted that Hans (John) is the parent. 
We may notice here that Kingdon has become sometimes the imitative Kingdom. 
Amabel also became Annabel, then Hannibal, whence many curious surmises as 
to its origin. Passing along we may observe that Mumby Is Munby, and Mumford 
is Mundford. 

V for m, and vice versa. Cf. Sinkinson for Simkinson (Simon), Grinstead for 
Grimstead (the homestead of Grim), Sunter for Sumpter; cf. Henning and 
Hemming (v. Henning), vice versa; cf. Stimpson for Stinson (Stevenson), or 
Hempstock for Henstock. An instance may be given where Sandbach is turned 
into Sambach : 

1677. SAHtlEL Carnaby and Amy Sambach, Marriage Alleg. (Canterbury), p. 373. 

Ce for 8. Cf. Preece for Frees, ElUce for Ellis, Pearce for Piers, Evance for 
Evans, Bevance for Bevans, Hance for Hans, or Hemmence for Hemmens. Clemence 
for Clements may also be mentioned, although it sometimes represents the baptismal 

E for g, or vice versa. Cf. the present Kilbey and Gilby. A tendency to elide 
c in surnames ending in cliff is seen in Antliff for AntclifTe, SutlifT for SutcUfTe, 
Topliff for Topcliff, or HinchUff for Hinchcliff. 

IT for 1, and vice versa. A common illustration is banister for baluster. Even 
the old iwichen (an alley) of the western and southern counties is found as twiehell 
in the North, whence Twiehell and Twichen. 

W for g (Norman-Fr.). William for Guillaume, Warren or Waring or Wareing 
(excrescent g) for Guarin, Wye for Guy, and the dim. familiar Wyatt (originally 
Wyot) for Guyot. Also cf. Whichard for Gwichard, and Wyon (</»w.) for 
Guton (Guy). 

Q prefixed to w (Welsh). Gwalter for Walter, Gwynne for Wynne, Gwatkin 
for Watkin, Gwelch for Welch, sharpened also into Quelch (St. Jas. Register, 
Clerkenwell, proves the two names to be the same); also Gwyther for Wither; 
Gwiltam stands for William; cf. the local Quickley for Whixley. 

,y Google 


Reversal of r to first syllable- Grundy for Gundry, the once famous girl-name 
Gundreda. I should like to know if Brodrick is not in some cases the Welsh 
ab-Roderick, but I have no evidence. 

V for f, generally a West Country dialectic change. Thus Vowell for Fowell, 
Venn for Fcnn : 

JOHK ATTE Venne, CO. Sonu., I Edw. Ill, Kirby^s Quest, p. 94. 
Vowler for Fowler : 

Thomas le Vowelar, co. Soms., t Edw. Ill, ibid., p. 256. 
Vox for Fox : 

John ls Vox, co. Soms, i Edw. Ill, ibid., p. 93, 
Vry for Fry : 

Stephen le Vrye, co. Soma., i Edw. Ill, ibid., p. 171. 
Vrench for French : 

John ls Vrbvkch, co. Soma., i Edw. Ill, ibid., p. 230. 
Cf. Vidler for Fidler, Vanner for Fanner, or Viveash for Fiveash. 

F for m in female names : — 

(1) Hence Margaret became the nick Meg, then Peg, whence Pegg, Pegson, &c. 
Also Margaret became nick t^og (Mo^y is still in use in North England), hence 
the sharpened Mockson (Mc^son), now more generally Moxon (a Yorkshire surname). 

(a) Hence Martha became Matty, then Patty (except when descended from 
Patrick and its nicks in North England), Pattinson, Patterson, &c. 

(3) Hence Mary became Moll and Molly, whence Poll and Polly, and resulted 
in such surnames as Poison, &c. 

Kiiu (suffix) abbreviated to las and m. Hence Perkins (Peter) became Furkiss 
and finally Perkes; so also Wilks for Wilkins, Danks for Dankins, Tonks for 
Tonkins, Dawks for Dawkins, &c ; cf. Hobbins, Hobbiss, and Hobbis, also Hollins, 
Holliss, Hollis (Holly). 

On or ow for o. Cf. Poulson and Powlson for Poison (but sometimes for Paulson 
pronounced Powle), Howell and Powell for Hoel, Houlden for Holden, Houle 
for Hole, Hoult for Holt, Boulton for Bolton, Houlgate for Holgate, Houlbrook 
for Holbrook, Houldsworth for Holdsworth, or Houlditch for Holditch. The 
;pretty girl's name Gold is now as a surname Gould : ' He gave me a gowlden 
sovereign.' Cf. browt for brought, or Browton-in-Furness for Broughton-in- 
Fumess. Cf. a sentence like this : ' He owt to give me something off, I bowt it 

,y CjOOg Ic 


at his shop.' Hence Cowlings (with exctescent g) for Collins, Cowles or Coules 
for Coles (Nicholas). This practice may be described as a provincialism, but it 
has left a permanent impression on our nomenclature. 

Ck and g (lazified forms). Cf. Fl^ and Flick, Slagg and Slack, possibly S^ger 
and Seeker. In Piers Plowman we find Jagg for Jack. Black is found as Bla^ ; 
hence Bl^g, Blagden.or Blagbrough. Also cf. Brogden for Brockden. 

F for b. Hopps is Hobbs, Hopson is Hobson, Hopkins is Hobkins, Ropkins 
is Robkins, and Nopps is Nobbs ; Epps is Ebbs, and probably Puckle is Buckle ; 
Flackett represents Blackett, Pullinger Bullinger, and Peverley Beverley ; Pickerdike 
stands for the North English Bickerdike, and Peattie for Beattie has made its way 
into the London Directory. It is somewhat doubtful whether P or B was the 
original initial of Pickwick, an old West Country surname : 

WiLLIAU DE PiKEWIKE, CO. Wilts, 1373. A. 

Walter de Bykewyk, co. Soms., 1 Edw. Ill, Kirby's Quest, p. 103. 

For further references v. Pickwick ; cf. purser and bursar. It is hard to tell also 
whether / or ^ is correct in Stapler and Stabler, or Stapleford and Stablefoid. 
Some will remember, after the great Times Trial, the play upon Plgotry and Bigotry. 

A and e interchangeabla Gervis and Jarvis, Clerk and Clark, Perkin and 
Parkin, Hermitage and Armitage, &c. 

3ir for in or en. This was a very natural corruption ; cf. Patterson for Pattinson 
(Patrick), Catterson for Cattinson (Catherine), Steverson for Stevenson (Stephen), 
Dickerson for Dickinson (Richard), Matterson for Mattinsoo (Martha or Matthew), 
Batterson for Battinson (Bartholomew), all from the nicks of Patrick, Catherine, 
Hugh, Stephen, Richard, Martha, Bartholomew, with the Norman-French dim. in 
attached (as in viol-in, &c.) ; turned popularly into er. Thus without doubt Hugh 
is the parent of such a name as Hutcherson (New York), These, and others, are 
all the result of quick or hurried pronunciation. 

O and a. Generally North Country variations : cf. Dabbs for Dobbs, Dadd 
and Dadson for Dodd and Dodson ; cf. also the many local Rattan Raws in the 
North with Southern Rotton Row. 

Double diminutives in el-ot or el-et. These are found in such dictionary words 
as tartlet, bracelet, gauntlet, roblet, gimblet, poplet. The old ruff, or high collar, 
was styled a partUt : 

'Jan. 1544: item from Mr. Bray« ii high collar partlntts, iii" ijc*.'— Privy Purse Expenses, 
Princess Maiy. 



Hence partlet, a hen, on account of its ruffled feathers. In our modern nomen- 
clature we find few traces of this diminutive. The Paris Directory has many 
instances. But in old days we were very familiar with it : cf. Evelot for Eve, 
Emelot for Emma, Edelot for Ede, Gibelot (now Giblett) for Gilbert, Custelot 
for Custance, Richelot or Rikelot for Richard or Rikard, Sisselot for Cecilia, 
Hobelot for Robert, Herbelet for Herbert (found in the Liverpool Directory). 
Of this list several have made a marked impression on our English and American 
directories : Hewlett (for Hugh or Hew), a flourishing surname in North England, 
is a case in point: 

Thohas Hughelot, CO. Soms., I Edw. Ill, Kirby's Quest, p. 320. 

Walter Huwelot, co. Oxf., 1273. A. 

Again, we retain the historic Hamlet (Shakespeare's little son was baptized Hamnet) 
for Hamelot, a dim. of Hamon. As a baptismal name it is not dead : 

Hahlet Milot, of Carrington, busbandman, 1587 : WiOs at Chester, i. 136. 
Bartlett or Bartelot for Bartholomew, also still lives : 

Bartblot Govi, CO. Hunts, 1373. A. 

suae, a dim. Cf. Hamlyn or Hambling for Hameline (Hamo), Emberlin or 
Embling for Emeline, Hanselin for Hans, Hewling for Hughelin (Hugh), Roblin 
for Robert. The excrescent ^f is strongly represented in this class. 

We may notice one peculiar girl's name — Arrabella. This has puzzled even 
Miss Yonge. The original name was Amabel, then Annable (in Scotland 
sharpened to Annaple), whence with aspirate the surname Hanniball. Amabella 
became Anabella, then Arrabella — one of those freaks hard to account for. 

Double diminutives in In-ot or In-et. France has plenty of these, we have 
few. The Paris Directory on a cursory glance furnishes us with such surnames 
(at first, of course, Christian names) as Margotin (we simply kept to the one 
diminutive Mai^ot), Marioton (our Mariot), Lambinet (Lambert), Perrinot or 
Perrotin (Peter), Philiponet (Philip), Jannotin (Jane), Hugonet (Hugh) whence 
Hi^enot, Fauconnet (Fulke). Perrinot and Perrotin (little wee Peter) simply 
reverse the order of the two diminutives. The dictionary word ' marionette ' in 
the puppet-show owes its name to Mary (we were content with the single 
diminutive Marion). So far as this class of double diminutives goes we have 
only four names to show, namely, Robinet, Dobinet, Colinet, and Jannetin (this 
last also reversing the order). Robinet still lives as a surname. In Spenser's 
Shephtrd's CaUndar we find : 



' HeaikcD, while from thy green cabmet, 
The laurel song d careful Colinet.' 

Colnett and Colenutt are yet alive. Jannetin also occurs (Janoet was our 
^miliar form) : 

' The one's Nancy Curds, and the other Hanna Jenniting ; Ditty and Jenniting [excrescent 
g\ are agreed already.' — London's Chamticleers, sc xiiL 

Jenniting is the apple-girl (v. Jenneting, Skeat). Dobinet existed till the 
middle of the fifteenth century, for we find one John Dobynette ia mentioned 
in an inventory of goods, 1463 {Mutt. Acad., Oxon.), 

Diminutives in ot and «t. These may be illustrated thus. Take Tillotson, 
a great Yorkshire name. Tillotson was the son of Tillot, which was the dim. of 
Till, which was the nick of Matilda. All the diminutives in et and et were added 
to the nick of the name, which was always one syllable. Emmett or Emmott, or 
Emmetson or Emmotson, are sprung from Emma, but the nick being Em the dim. 
was Emmot or Emmett. CoUett is the dim. of Col or Cole, the nick of Nicholas. 
This rule reigned supreme. I have only mentioned two instances ; the directories 
abound with them. Thus we find Emmott or Emmett : 

< Licence to the Vicar of Bradford to marry Roger Prestwick and Ehhote Crossley. 
Bannes thrice in one day.'— 1466, Test. Ebor. iii. 317. 

Under date 1414 occurs Tyllot Thompson in the Fabric Rolls of York Minster 
(Surtees Soc.). Hence Ibbott, Ibbett, Ibbotson or Ibbetson (Isabel), Mabbott 
(Mabel), Dowsett or Doucett (Douce), Margott or Magot (Margaret): 

Thomas DE Balue el Magota uxor ejus : chapman, 1379, P. T. Yorks. 
Sissot was very popular (Cecilia) : 

'SiSSOT, wtfeof Jakof Barsley.' — Manor of Ashton-under-Lyne (detham Soc). 
It is needless to proceed. Mary became Mariot, Theobalda (fem, form) became 
Tibbot, whence a large number of surnames : 

'Work Tibet: work Annot : work Margery: 
Seir Tibet: knit Annot: spin "Hiaigtrf.'— Ralph Roister Doisler. 

Parallel dictionary words are found in jacket, lancet, taiget, latchet, pocket, 
chariot, Ac- 
Diminutives in on or in. A dictionary parallel is found in vioMn, a fiddle 
with four strings instead of six. The Paris Directory has very many illustrations, 
this beii^ a Norman- French diminutive. Beton represented Beatrice : 

,y Google 


'Beton the Brewestere 
Bade bim good-morrow.'— /^mtj Plowman. 

Alison still survives in Scotland as the dim. of Alice : 
' This Alison answered : Who is there 
That knocketh so ? '—Chaucer, C. T. 3788. 

Muggins or Hutchins represents a once familiar term for Hugh, Perrin for 
Peter, Marion for Mary, Robin or Dobbin for Robert, Colin for Nicholas, Phippin 
for Philip, Gibbin or Gibbon for Gilbert. This class is also a lai^e one. An 
excrescent g was frequently appended to the surname ; cf. Jennings (John), Tippings 
(Theobald), or ColHngs (Colin). The London Directory contains Lamming and 
Laming, representatives of the old Lambin, diminutive of Lambert. Lambyn 
Clay played before Edward at Westminster in 1306 (Chappeil'g Popular Music 
of ye Olden Time, i. 39). I find also 

WiLLSLHUS Lambyn et Alicia uxor ejus, 1379, P. T. Yoiks. 
Diminutives in kin. 

Kin came to mean a 'young one,' a child. We still speak in a diminutive 
sense of a lambkin, a manikin, a pipkin, a kilderkin, a jerkin, or a doitkin. 
Appended to baptismal names it became familiar. A litul soth Sermun says — 
' Nor those pnide yongemen 
That loveth Malekyn (Mary), 
And those prude maydenes 
That loveth Janekyn ' (John). 

' Masses and matins 

He kepelh they nouht, 
For Wilekyn (WiUism) and Watekyn (Walter) 
Be in their thouht' 

The incomers from Brabant and Flanders gave a great impetus to this 
diminutive. They brought us Hankin (John), Lambkin (Lambert), and Bodkin 
(Baldwin). Of a large list I may mention Hawkins (Henry), Tompkins (Thomas), 
Simkin (Simon), Jenkins (John), Jeffkin (Jeffrey), Atkins, originally Adkins 
(Adam), Dawkins (David), Larkin (Lawrence), Dickins (Richard), and Perkins or 
Parkins (Peter). These are the most familiar. 

Diminutives in 000k. 

The term cock implied pertness, espedally the pertness of lusty and swa^ering 
youth. Hence it was applied to the scullery lad, or stable-boy, or prentice : 

,y Google 


'Come hither, Cock; what, Cock, I say'—Gammer Gurlotfs Needle. 
We still use the term ' cock-sure.' Appended to the nick of tx^-names we find 
Jeffcock (Jeffrey), Simcock (Simon), Batcock or Badcock (Bartholomew), Sander- 
cock (Alexander), Luccock (Luke, sometimes), Maycock or Mycock (Matthew), 
Hitchcock or Hiscock (Hick or Hitch, i.c. Richard), Hancock or Handcock 
(Han, Hand, or Hans), Adcock or Atcock (Adam), Drewcock (Drew), or Palcock 
(Paul). Many more examples will be found in the pages of this book. Cock 
was always added to the nick of the baptismal name. 

' Hamme, son of Adecoce, held 39 acres of land ; 
MOKOCK DE LA LowE, for lo acres ; 
DiK, son of MocoCK, of Breercroft, for 30 acres.' — De Ltuy InquiiiUon, Chetham Soc. 

So they run. 

Ecclesiastical, natural, and holiday seasons have had considerable effect 
upon our nomenclature. Whitsunday, Pentecost (just dying out in Cornwall 
as a girl's baptismal name), Easter, Pash, Pask, Pace, Pacey, Midwinter, Candle- 
mas, Noel or Nowell, Michaelmas, Christmas, and Tiffany (Epiphany), all represent 
old font-names, commemorating the time of the birth or baptism of the child. 
All but Whitsunday are existing surnames. Of the natural seasons we may 
mention Winter, Spring, and Summer (sometimes). Of high days we have 
memorials in Hockday and Hobday. Tiffany was popular, shortened frequently 
to Tiffen : 

Theopania de Bolebek, C. R., 46 Henry III. 

Teffan Danyll, 1379, P. T, Vorlcs., p. 148. 

JOHANES HOLAND et TiFFAN uxoT ejus, 1379, P.T. Yoiks., p. 134. 

Evidently it was a girl's name. It has left many memorials in our modem 

In regard to local surnames pure and simple, we have, of course, to deal with 
the prefix and suffix. 

Taking the prefix first, the fight lay between the name of the primary settler 
or proprietor, and the distinctive local surroundings. Thus we get Ashton, 
BirUiead (now Birkett as a surname), Oakden (or C^en), Acton, Acland, 
Beecham, Beechey, Hazelden, Sandford, Bradford, Oxenford, Twelvetrees, Viveash, 
Longton, Flumptree, Rowntree, and an enormous number of local affixes. But 
there is an extremely large number of local surnames prefixed with the personal 
name of the first settler or owner. The great name of Ulf or W<df gives us 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


Ulverston, Wolferton, Wolverhampton; Wolfstan gives us Wolstenholme of 
Wolstencroft, Hacon gives us Haconby, Dolphin gives us Dovenby in co. Cumb.) 
Cholmond gives us Cholmondeley, Mai^aret gives us Murgatroyd. In fact a huge 
host of surnames compounded of the occupant's personal name with the style 
of the dwellii^, or the natural surroundings of the place, can be seen scattered 
over the country. Osmotherley, a place-name in cos. Lane, and Yorks., was Osmunder- 
ley (i. e. the meadow of Osmund), sometimes written in old documents Asmunderlaw. 
We find also variants of a personal name ; cf. Shillii^ord, KiUingworth, and 
Chillingworth, These seem to represent changes rung upon what we should 
now style a baptismal name; unless th^ represent a /dmi/f name, as in Washington, 
Birmingham, &c. Hundreds of these are personal names now obsolete. Auden- 
shaw is now a suburb of Manchester. It was once Aldwinshaw (the wood that 
belonged to Aldwin). Liverpool is interesting; at first it was Litherpool, and 
no doubt the occupier of Litherland, now a suburb of the ci^, was the possessor 
or tenant of the pool as well. Lithcr or Leather was a personal name, as our 
topography proves (cf. Leatherbarrow, Leatherhead, &c.). Take two instances as 
regards Liverpool, no doubt representing the same man : 

Richard Uthbrpol, co. Lane, Hen. Ill, Edw. I, K. 
KICMARD TE LiVERPOL, CO. Lane, to Edw. L R. 

Even now Leverton exists for Letherton. But it may be asked why Litherpool 
became Liverpool at such an early period? The reply is simple. If you say 
Litherland quickly, say twelve times in a breath, with the aid of the liquid you 
can do it easily. Try to say Litherpool quickly twelve times in a breath and 
only a small percentage would escape saying Liverpool on account of the labial p. 
Thus the bird styled tiie liver, and emblazoned on the arms of the city, is imaginary 
and never existed. In a word we have yet to recognize the tremendous influence 
of personal names on local nomenclature. 

Coming to the suffixes I shall not name many. To the general reader I advise 
a study of Canon Isaac Taylor's appendices to Words and Places. I want to 
point out chiefly the mutilations of such sufllixes. 

One of the most familiar suffixes is ey (sometimes xy). This in nineteen cases 
out of twenty represents key, or hay, the h being elided, and meant a hedge, an 
enclosed place. Hay still survives in co. Norfolk for a hedge, but is dying out 
(Halliwell) ; cf, Churchey, Fotheringay, Goldingay. Of course this ^ is to be 
distinguished from ry and eyot, a little islet in a stream : c£ Forty for Forthey, 



'de la Forthejre,' listing in ca Oitford in 1275, ^^ ^>'t fouod there in the 
imitative form of Forty. 

WMte for thvatte, a clearing. Cf Applewhite, Kibblewbite, Hebblewhite, &c. 

Thorpe becomes thmp, throp, trup, or trop. Cf. Calthrop for Calthorp, Feltrup 
for Felthorp, WJnthrop for Winthorp, Guotrop for Gunthorp, &c, Thrupp for 
Thorpe is well known to our directories. 

Ham sometimes becomes ma ; rare in England, but fairly common in America : 
cf. Banmm for Bamham, or Holtum for Holtham. 

Bc^d (presumably a ridding, a clearing) sometimes becomes rod. While 
we have OldrOyd, Murgatroyd (Margaret's clearing), &c., we have also Ormerod 
(Orme's clearing), Grindrod (the green clearii^), with an intrusive d. In the 
Pirates of Pensanct Murgatroyd is placed in Cornwall! It is a purely West 
Kidii^ name. But poets have a rec<:^nized licence to place anybody anywhere. Cf. 
Johannes Mercrbtrode, 1379, P. T. YoiIes., p. 187. 

Bai|^ for hough or hangh, a hill, a mound, the same as How ; cf. Featherston- 
haigh for Featherstonhaugh, Greenhalgh for Greenhow. Ridehalgh is a familiar 
name in co. Lane. 

By as a suffix is not unfrequently found as bee. This is not unknown in 
England, but is a more familiar suffix in America. Still we have a fair number 
of examples ; cf. 

1667. Thokas Lownes and Mary Dimblebee, Marriage Alleg. (Canterbury), p. 143. 
1667. Married— John Daggot and Ann Farrabee, St. Jas. Clerkenwell, iK. 135. 
1775. William Norris and Sarah Apfelbee, St. Geo. Han. Sq. L 258. 

Appelbee is still in the London Directory, One other instance will suffice : 

1669. Married— William Carnabee and Martha Cowley, St. Jas. Clerkenwell, iii, 160. 

Camaby is a village near York. Crossing the Atlantic in the Puritan period this 
form of the suffix by has become popular in the States. Many local suffixes 
describe situation. Thus: 

Bnd, as in Townsend, Woodend, from residence at the end of the town or 
wood ; cf. Gravesend. 

Bide, as in Akenside or Garside, from residence by the side of the oak-trees 
or the garth. 

Bottom or botham, as in Sidebotbam, H^inbottom or Hickinbottom, from 
residence at the side of the bottom, a hollow at the foot of a hill, or from a dwelling 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


In the hollow where Higgin (RJchai-d) lived. As for ShufflebotHam, it has been 
constantly asserted that it means the shaw-field-bottom. This is not true 
(v. Shufflebotham), but under protection of Mr. Lower, who later on changed 
his opinion, several who bear the name have styled themselves ShawBeld ; I know 
a clergyman who has done so. Almost all the names with bottom as suffix hail 
from the district where the three counties, Lancashire, Derby, and Chester, 
converge in the neighbourhood of Stockport. 

Head (i.e. the upper end) becomes frequently ett. Aildnhead is 'the head 
of the oak trees,' Muirbead is 'the head of the moor,' and Birkinhead is 'the 
head of the birch trees,' both Aiken and Birlcen beii^ adjectives as in golden. 
These have retained their original form, but others have not Birkett represents 
'at the birk-head,' from residence at the upper end of the birch trees. Hazlitt 
is Hazlehead (the head of the hazel grove). Blackett is Blackhead, if not a nick- 
name, then from residence at the black headland. Becket is the beck-head, from 
residence at the commencement of the beck : hence A'Becket (i. e. atte beck-head) ; 
and Greenett is probably from residence at the upper end of the villi^ green. 
I have no proof of this last, but it looks all right. And so with many others. 
It is all very well to call these modifications ; they are really mutilations, and require 
close attention. 

Dale as a suffix becomes commonly dall. Cf. Tindall for Tindale, Tweedall 
for Tweedale, Dunderdall for Dunderdale, Yewdall or Udall for Vewdale, Dowdall 
for Dowdale, or Chippindall for Chippindale. All these are North Country 

How (a hill, a mound) as a sufiix frequently becomes oe and o. Cf. Sholto, 
or Shillitoe. 

Hope (a sloping hollow) as a suffix is eaaly obscured. Cf. Blenkinsop, Allsopp, 
Winship, and Nettleship. The terminations in skip I cannot prove, but feel sure 
of their parentage. 

Hub or na for house, seemingly old English and not a modification. We not 
only have Chanonhouse (the Canon's house), Moorhouse, Wodehouse or Woodhouse, 
Claverhouse {? Culverhouse), Farkhouse, Taphouse, so familiar to every musical 
Oxford man, Pithouse, Sec, but we still possess Kirkus (Kirkhouse), Loftus (Loft- 
house), Malthus (Maithouse), or the imitative Bacchus (Bakehouse or Backhouse, 
i. e. the house at the back) : I suspect Bakehouse is the chief parent. I may 
add that the nearly extinct Pithouse (the house by the pit or hollow) may be seen 
at Langley, ca Bucks (1894). 



Gate or yate must be mentioned among the suffixes. Not only have we 
Yates or Yeats, Yeatman or Yatman, the caretaker of the gate, but the interestit^ 
Lidgett for Lidgate, and the stilt more interesting West Country Ltppiatt or 
Lipyeatt (q.v.). 

Briga: (a bridge) occasionally becomes briok, Cf. Philbrick (a good instance) 
or Maybrick. 

The change in suffixes ending in all or ol, to aw or ot, is curious but natural. 
Hence Bristow for Bristol. There is one BristoU in the London Directory to 
twenty-four Bristows, Latimer, writing to Thomas Cromwell, speaks of the bishop 
of ' Gloucester and Bristow.' A farmer in the North tells you he is going ' to th' 
haw' {i.e. hall). Hence Howgate for Holgate, Howroyd for Holroyd. The old 
Fumess name of Picthall is found there to-day, and in the United States as 
Pickthawe and Picthow. Similarly the ancient Lancashire name, Preesall, is 
found now only as Presow. These are instances out of a lai^e list 

I must huriy over some suffixes that vary. Cf. Grave, Greave, Grove : hence 
Snelgrove, Hargreaves. Cf. Clough and Clow or Clowe, now as surname Clowes: 
We find the same change in enough and enow. Cf. also worth and worthy, as in 
Kenworthy, Whitworth, Langworthy, and Langworth, Cf. also Craft and Croft, 
as in the occupative Crafler and Crofter, and the local Calcrafl and Bancroft, &c. 
Cf. also ford and forth : Stockport was formerly Stopford or Stockforth, and 
Bradford in the Yorkshire Poll Tax (1379) is Bradford or Bradforth, according to 
the mood of the registrar. One more example must suffice here : Ley, Lea, Lee, 
L^h, Leigh, L^^ (as in Whitele^e), as local suffixes are all variants of tbe 
same word, ley, a. meadow. 



With regard to nicknames, we have to be careful. The great unwritten law of 
imitation once more comes in. Fish-names, so called, excepting the generic term 
of Fish, or Fisk, are scarcely ever what they seem, being in nine cases out of ten 
personal or local names. We are on safe ground when we come to bird and beast 
nicknames. These all represent some physical or moral characteristic that appealed 
at once to the popular understandir^. The ruddock, or the sparrow, or the bull, or 
the hart, were always before people's eyes. As nicknames, they represented some 
quality of strength, stolidity, quickness, or song. There was nothing particularly 

D,y:.eG oyCjOOg IC 


characteristic about the fish, and they were not always to be seen. But the habits 
of bird and beast were always observable, and were comparable with the habits of 
mankind. Scarcely a single bird or beast name has escaped immortality through 
the aid of our nomenclature. A fierce man would be termed Wild, but often 
Wildbore. An ^le man might be termed Lightfoot or Golightly ; but others 
would be styled Hare, or Hart, or St^^. A musical voice would gain for the 
possessor the sobriquet of Nightingale; a homely man would be called Sparrow or 
Ruddock, just as often Gbodfellow or Goodman. It is quite different with fish- 
names so called. We may quote the famous chapter on 'Snakes in Iceland': 
'There are no snakes in Iceland,' and say 'there are no fish-names In England.' 
They possessed no individuality so to speak ; they led a dull and monotonous life. 
But in respect to Ht^g, Lamb, WildgoosCr Wildbore, Fox, Woodcock, Pidgeon, 
Spink, Speight, Swift, Hawk, Roebuck, &c., all implied some characteristic on the 
part of the nominee common to the bird or the beast. Take a few instances of 
so-called fish-names. Spratt, like Sprott, represents the old Domesday personal 
name,Sprot; Salmon is the mediaeval and popular English Salamon (i.e. Solomon); 
Haddock is easily proved to be the same as Haydock,a parish in South Lancashire; 
Pike is strictly local, and Chubb is most probably a sharpened form of Jubb (i. e. 
Job). Turbot is the son of Turbert : 

TuRBERT DE WeStcOT, Pipe RoU, 2 Hen. II, p. 74. 
I only furnish a single instance. Trout is the son of Troyt, a great personal name 
in the West Country in the surname epoch (now generally Trott). Even Plaice is 
Place, from residence by the place or stead, or manor, or public broadway, or 
courtyard : 

John atte Placb, co. Soms., i Edw. Ill, Kirby's Quest, p. 258. 

William db la Place, co. Line, 1373. A. 

In fact Plaice in the London Directory is simply an imitative form. The law of 
imitation, to assert it once more, must be carefully reckoned with by the student. 
It is the same with Roach, which is purely imitative, being simply the ' de la 
Roche ' of early rolb : 

Gilbert db la Roche, co. Wilis, 1373. A. 

1675-6. fiapt.— Eliz., d. Thomas Roach, St. Dionis Backchurch, p. I3i. 

Gudgeon is an imitative form of Goodson or Goodison (cf. Hodgon for Hodgson, in 
Cumberland and North Lane). Keeling may represent the now nearly extinct 
name for a small cod, once so common on the north-east coast; but in the Hundred 



Rolls (^^73) It is local. Finally, Herring is, as in Harrington, a family name. 
The Yorkshire Buclrtrout seems to be really a fish-name, and is found early : 
RoBERTUS BuKTaooT, 1379, P. T, Yorks., p. ai8. 


We stilt find traces of the habit of styling people by some animal that seemed 
to represent their chief characteristic. Hence vixen for a shrewish wife ; rascal for 
a vile, mean man ; or urckin for a rough, mischievous boy. Without being 
uncomplimentary, as our Authorized Version of the Book of Revelation proves, our 
Bests represent Beast : 

Henry lb Bbstb, London. X. 
Richard le Beste, co. Camb., 1273. A. 

Our OHphants or Olivants (i. e. elephant) were so called from their size. From 
surliness the sobriquet ' le Bere* arose, now Bear. Fierceness of temper originated 
' le Wolfe,' now Wolf ; wiliness, ' le Renaud,' ' le Tod,' and ' le Fox ' ; swiftness, and 
other characteristics, ' le Hare,' ' le Buk ' (Buck), ' le Hart,' ' le Stag^,' &c. The 
badger is parent of ' le Broc ' (Brock). The farming stock gave us Bull, Vache, 
Bullock, Colt, Stott, Veale, Mutton, Lamb, Kidd, H(^, Bacon, Pi^, Pork, 
Purcell, Grice, and so on. Camel or Cammell does not belong to this list, being 
but a sharpened form of the great personal name, Gamel ; and Badger is generally 
occupative, meanii^ a hawker, a dealer in cora 

The generic term ' Bird ' was common, and still is: 
David le Brid, co. Oxf., 1173. A. 
Henry le Brid, co. Soms., i Edw. Ht, Kirby's Queil, p. 93. 

Comity to species, falconry helped to make ' le Falcon,' ' le Kyte,' or ' le Hawk ' 
familiar, the originals being probably of an eagerly graspii^ disposition. Hence 
also Muskett, Buzzard, Puttock, Goshawk, Tassell, Gleed (or Glide), or Sparrow- 
hawk. Thus was it with other birds. A showy man was Jay, a proud man 
Peacock or Pocock, a man of guile Rook ; if pert, then Pye, Pyet, or Pyett ; if 
musical, Laverock (or I^rk), Woodlark, Nightingale ; 

Thomas Nichtegalk, co. GIouc, 20 Edw. I. R. 
Finch, Goldfinch, Spink, Goldspink, or Thrush. A young and lusty swaggerer is 



immortalized in Cockerell or Cock, and as a suffix (cf. Wilcock, &c.) the latter has 

made the word famous in English nomenclature. We still say, ' Well, old cock, 

how are you ? ' It is not necessary to go on. We have still Ruddocks, Popjays : 

Robert Popinceay, 1371, co. Norf. FF, 

Gulls, Storks, Crows, Doves, Speights, Pinnocks, Turtles, Swans, Ducks, DuckercIIs, 
Sheldricks, Mallards, Goss's, Woodcocks, Partridges, Pheasants, Rains : 

William le Rain. J. 
&c., in our directories. Jlaven and Sparrowhawk (now Sp^rk), however, were personal 
names at first (as doubtless some others). The last is as old as Domesday, 

Names of Relationship. 
Relationship has given us many surnames, some of which will be unrecog- 
nizable to the ordinary reader. Fairbrother represents the Norman- French ■ 
Beaufrere, a brother-in-law ; Fairbairn probably is equivalent to the Norman- 
French Beaufils (or Beaufit^), a stepson (Lower). Frearson explains itself. The 
Yorkshire surname Bairnfather, or Bamfather or Banfather, is the child's father, 
probably one with some considerable inheritance (v. Barnfather). Hitchmough 
or Hickmott is ' Richard's brother-in-law ' ; Watmough is ' Walter's brother-in-law,' 
and is sometimes found as WatmuflT, Whatmough, and Watmore in North England. 
Hence also such extinct surnames as Barnmawe (the child's brother-in-law), or 
Hlysm^h (Ellis' brother-in-law), or Hudmagh (Richard's brother-in-law), or 
Susannemagh (Susan's brother-in-law), or Tailliourmc^he (the tailor's brother-in- 
law), (v. Watmough for convincing evidence). Sisterson, a Durham and North 
Riding surname, must not be put in this category always. It is doubtless generally 
an imitative form of the old and popular Yorkshire Sissotson, ' the son of Cecilia ' 
<v. Sissot). Again, these are only examples. It would be easy to quote such 
names as Uncle, Cousin or Cousins, Neave, Senior, Younger, or Widowson (some- 
times). We must not include Kinsman. 

Terms of Endearment and Friendship. 

We still in common converse say, ' Well, old chap,' or ' My good fellow.' Hence 
Goodfellow, Goodbody, Goodman, Goodchild, Leifchild, Bellamy, Bonamy, Well- 
beloved, Truelove, Sweetcock, Lemon or Leman, Douceamour, Parramore, Bunting. 
Some of these names were at first baptismal. 



Descriptive Compounds. 
Akin to the above we constantly come across descriptive compounds ; cf. John 
Little with Littlejohn, Bonjean (possibly now Bunyan, but that is more probably 
Welsh), Prettyjohn, Blithman, Younghusband, Littlehick, Micklejohn, Leishman, 
Gawkr(^er, Wightman, Merriman, Muddiman, Colfox{?). We may incidentally 
point out the predominance of John in names of this character. Included in this 
list we find such nicknames as Shakespear, WagstafT, Breakspear, Shakelance ; 
but not BickerstafT, which is local. Such names as Proudfellow and Longfellow, 
or Freebody, explain themselves. So do Littleproud, or Sharparrow, or Bendbow 
(now Bcnbow), or Stroi^bow. 

Age, Size, Shape, Capacity. 
Again we are on safe ground. We have the necessary proofs. In the surname 
epoch we find names that not merely described the build of the bearer, but 
distinguished him from somebody else with the same baptismal name. Take Little 
as an instance — 

Johannes de Bland et uxor, 1379 : P. T. Yorks., p. 389. 
Johannes de Bland, litlill, 1379 : ibid. 
0ohn Bland, jun.,we might almost style him.) 

Johannes Taillour, parv/s (parvus), 1379 : P. T. Yorks., p. 178. 
Johannes Taillour, de Hvle, 1379: ibid. 
Living each pair in their own small hamlet, and John being the prevailing name, 
they had to be identified. Thus we get familiarized with such early entries as — - 
William le Lettle, co. Oxr., 1373. A. 
John le Litle, cd. Berks, 1373. A. 
Thus all is clear, and hence such entries as Robert le Fatte, Henry le Lene, 
Henry le Crask, William le Thikke, &c., occur in early rolls, and are now found 
in our directories as Craske, or Fatt, or Lean, or Thick, or Strong, or Long, or 
Short, or Longman, or Longfellow, or Ould, or Young (or Yonge), or Bi^e, or 
Grose, or Grant (or Grand), or Grass (or Grace), or Petty, or Jeune, &c., many being 
Norman- French. 

Nicknames from Peculiarities of Complexion. 
A full account of these names will be found in my English Surnames, fourth 
edition, pp. 443-54. Suffice to say that we owe to nicknames a large and im- 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


portant list. Hence Morell, Ly^rd, Bayard, Favell, Burnell, Brunell, Russell, 
Rouse, Sor, Sorrell, Hore, White, Lilywhite, Black, Brown, Blanchflower, Brune, 
Grey, Grissell, Reed, Reid, Read, Swarte, Blund, Blunt, Blount, Blondin, Blundell, 
Dua (in most cases), Borrell, Burrell, &c. Let one or two instances suffice: the 
rest can be sought for in this dictionary with further information : — ■ 

Elena la Sore, co. Soms., 1373. A. 

Roger le Sok, co. Soms., i Edw. Ill : Kirby's Qfitil, p. 258. 

William le Don, co. Wilts, 1273, A. 

Robert le Brune, c. 1300. M. 

Adau le Hore, ca Derby, 1273. A. 

So they run, occasionally taken from the colour of the cloth they wore, as 
in Scarlett or Burrell (sometimes), but in general from the complexion of the hair, 
face, or beard. Such compounds as Nutbrown, Silverlock, Brownbeard, Flaxen- 
head, and Whitehead will be found in abnndance. ' We find Anne Griselwhite 
mentioned in Blomefieid's History of Norfolk (v. Index), Many of these com- 
pounds survive, many are extinct. 

Mental and Moral Peculiarities, 

This is an extremely lai^e class. Kindly qualities are represented by Make- 
peace or Makejoy ; social by Bland, Merry, or Gay ; courteous by Curteis or PoUit ; 
refined by Gentle, Sweet, or Hendy (or Henty) ; lowly by Humble or Meek ; 
arrogance by Proud or Prout; alertness by Quick, Smart, or Snell ; daring by 
Freak or Orped ; miserliness by Pennifather ; daringness again by Doughty or 
Bold; showiness by Gerrish; virtue by.Bunn, Righteous, or Good. Bunker 
represents the old Bonquer ; Moody and Musard testify to dreamy temperaments. 
But it is needless to go on. Examples will be found on every page of this 
work. Many forgotten expressions are recorded in our directories, as Orped o( 
Orpwood, brave, daring, referred to above; or Crease, squeamish or particular. 
But there are dangers even here. We may be misled by modern spelling^ 
Greedy (a Somersetshire name), for instance, being local, with the suffix hey \ 
another illustration of imitation. Merriman, Moodiman, Slyman, SiUyman, 
Merryweather, Fairweather, Gladcheer, Littleproud, Proudlove, Proudfellow, or 
Proud foot represent compound forms. 

I have to acknowledge my deep indebtedness to Professor Skeat for a large 
number of M.E. instances which concern a section of names that belong to the 
D 2 

Dig.tized by 



English dictionary as well as the English directory. I have kept his Eiymologkal 
Dictionary constantly at my elbow. I have also used his terms ' intrusive ' and 
' excrescent,' not merely because they are simpler than my own, but also because 
these terms are needed on account of the extraordinary number of surnames in 
which intrusions and excrescences occur. 

This preface is very unscientific in its arrangement ; I frankly admit it, for I am 
not scientific. I never had the chance. The cares of a heavy parish have only 
allowed me intervals of minutes to jot down the results of past reading, and my 
occasional holidays were spent in search of proof. My MS. has been locked up 
for two years through illness and partial blindness. Still, the dictionary may be 
useful to students. In any case its slow preparation of twenty years has given 
me the one great pleasure of my life. Unhappy the man who has no hobby. 
I have simply been an earnest but unfortunately a flagging follower in the 
pursuit of the subject I love. 


' N.B. After writing Ibis intraductioii, the Author added quotations from more 
tions, eg. Register 0/ the Freetmn of the City of York (Surtees Soc.).— A. B. 






Aaron, Aar on s, Attronoon.- 

Bapt.' the son of Aaron'; ajewish 
surname settled in England. 1 have 
not met witha single EnglishAaron 
in mediaeval times. 

lacob AartoB, 1696! R»e. St. : 
AMrrinary. Lonclon. p- ii>. 

London. 8,4. 4; Philadelphia, 11, 

Abadam. — Bapt. 'the soi 

Adam' (Welsh ap- or ab-Adi 

cf. Bethel!, Bloyd, Breeze, &c. 

ThomBB Appadam, co. Soma,, 1 

■ IT- K!il»'a VhiM n. IIQ. 

i Powi 

Abbey, Abbeo. Abb«.— (i) 
Local, 'at the Abbey." from resi- 
dence thereby, (a) Offic, from the 
ecclesiastical title. All the e\-idence 
is in favour of this view except in 

7 le Abbi, co. Salop. 


Biw. I. K. 

William lir Abbr. co. Dnon, ibid. 

Robrrl dpi Ahbav. 113a, co. Lane: 
Lav SnhaidT (RTUi>di>X 

WilllBm <fe Mikritf Id. i^/e/iudr I Abhay. 
I»-I1 Bdw. I : Frimnen oTYdrli, i. 4. 

William dct Ahbar, a^lurir: ihld. 

ima.GcoTKAbbev.Hard.ColL: Rrg. 

i6ai. Richanl Abbv and Elii. Hodi;- 
khn: Marriage Lie (LondonY i. 367. 

ifi4H. Mamnd— G™(w Abhrv and 
Man F'iM : St. laa. Cktkcnwdl. ill. Hi. 

London, 4, 1,0; Philadelphia, 11,0,6. 

Abbinett.— Bapt 'the son of 
Abraham,' or 'Abell,' q.v,, from 
the nick. Abb. with double dim. 
Abb-in-ei:cf, Robinetand Colinet. 

AbblM.— BapL; v. Abbs, c 
which, no doubt, it is a variant. 

'William Abbys. nov mavor of th 
Towne of Bedford.' 15.14: Vnilatioq t 
BedfordahifE, 1^66. p. 73. 

161H. Barled— Georvr: Woodlve. Tror 
Dan. Abiaa: Si. Jah Clerkenwell. ir. iq: 

Rdward Green, from Danyel 

AbbliK: ibid. p. 193. 

1I31. BapL-eil>,d.Henr7eAbbei: St. 

London, 1. 

Abbitt, Abbot, Abbott, Ab. 
botson, Abbett.--(i) Bapt. ' the 
son of Abraham,' from the nick. 
Abb. and dim. Abb^t. II is all btit 
certain that the majority of our 
Abbotts, althoug-h bearing a C.>1' 
venttui title, are thus descended. 
Abraham was a favourite name in the 
jth century. Abel was also popular, 
id may have shared the parentage. 
1) Offic, or nickname, ' the Abbot' 
Oif..ii73. A. 

Hptiry Abbod, a. 
William Abbod. r. 
Adam Abbot, a ' 

la Abbot 

Oif., !l 

onli, il 

I. Bcdf., i 


Abint. 00 Camb.. ibid. 
Hed— BdH-ard Sander* and 
St.Antholi ' 


Abbs, Abson, Abblson.— 
Bapt. 'the son of Abraham' or 
'Abel,' from nick. Abb or Abbie. 
This was a familiar Norfolk sur- 

me as Abbys or Abbes. To-day 

is familiar in the same county 



John Abbya; co. Norf., 1480: FF, vi. 
*%omaa Abbya, co. Norf., 1536 ; ibid. 

Jamni Abbei, bnried at Thel/ofd, ™. 
Norf., 15<5, ibid. li. 141- 

Edvord Abbs 'imbarqncd m the 
CioiKe' for Vii^nia, 1633: HoUEii'a 

I lis™ Bapr- Will- 

Will-. Abfaiwn : 

Abdy.-Local, 'of the Abdy'; 
query, an old farm of 'Abbey' ((). 
Lower says: 'Abdy. an estate in 
Yorkshire, whete the (amily an- 
ciently resided.' This is corrobo- 
rated by the following entries: — 

Robert del Abdy, 1379: P. T. York*. 


el Abdy. el Uargareta. si 

lII these were living at Bramp- 
-juita-Wath. The 'del' is in- 

inT. Bdmand Alxfie. London; Rer. 
Univ. ii. p. 7«. 

r5R3. Chriitoplicr Abdye and Mary 

ntell ; MatTiari? Lie (Londoal. L jig. 

177ft. Married-Sir William Abdy.Bart, 

and Mary Cordon: Si. Gu. Han. Sq. 

tibB. (W. Rid. Yorliihin), 1 1 London. 

; Boaon (U.S.), 1. 

A'Beohet.— Local, 'attheBeck- 
head,' from residence at the bcail 
or soun;e of the beck ; cf. Birkett, 
originally Birk-head, or Birken- 
head, the head of the birch-trees, 
Birkett Is a Cumberland * 

,y Google 

Birkenhead, co. Chester, is but a* 
variant, being the adjectival form ; 
v.Beck. CtRogera'Hulle(co.Oir., 
1973. A.), i. e. Roger at the Hill. 
\^do tkl Bttft, CO. Line., 10 Edw. 

iftoi. UnTTifd-WiililiD a'BKkett and 

Sarah Ahholt: St. Geo. Han. Sq, ii. lit, 
Fhiiaderphia, > 

Abel, Abell. Abella, Ablaaon, 
Able.— Bapt. ' the aon of Abel.' 
Much more popuUr in nediaevBl 
society tban in that of the 19th 
century. Among the peasantry, 
however, Abel still receives ■ 
certain amount of attention as a 
font- name. 

Rrchurd Abel, co. Bncki, iin. A. 

Abel le S|i«er. ». Derby, Ib^. 

Henry AM, CO. Notim ibid. 

Allan Abel, co. Cunb., ibid. 

AbrHfOrffure. T. 

Richard Abel, co. Sonu,, i Bdw. III! 
Rjrby'aQmt, p. »i. 

ij^. GeoTM Abell, eo. Derby : R«r. 
Univ. 0«f. vol ii. pt. 11, p. 83. 

1613. Richard Abrlion and Etlen 
Brooke: Marriage Lie. (Wcatmlniter), 

1714. William AbeH, patron of BranD 
Urn, 00. Norf. : FF. \-i. 440. 

BMon Cl'-S.!:* 10. 1, o, or London, 
7. & I, l.o;UDB.lN. Rid. Varkahin), 
Able I. 

Abethell.— Bapt. 'Ab-Ilhel' 
(Wdshl; i.e. the son of Ilhel; v. 
Bethell. and cf. Abadam. 

Ablett, Ablott, Abletaon.— 
Bapt. ' the son of Abel,' from dim. 
Abel-ot A feminine form occurs 
in the Hundred Rolls : v. infra. 

Abdot (wiUiDot miniune). co. Camb., 
"H. A. 

Williani Abclot, co. Camb., Ibid. 

Abalo( Hnnti.lbid. 

Richard Abelole. V. ii. 

William Ablot, ro Edw. Ill: Freemen 

'Jan. [6, i4t7. Robert RodK of the 
ro«n of NewcaMle upon Tjne, conveyed 
abwiiein Cateibead 10 Williain Abletaon 
and Apiea hli wile'i Braml'i Kin. of 

■ no. Km Roflerand Hannah Ablelt : 
St.Ceo. Han. Sq. i. IQ4. 

Ablewhite.— Local, doubtless a 
corruption of Applethwaite, q.v. ; 
cC Hebblewhite. 

Ablin.— Bapt ' the son of Abel,' 
from the dim. Abel-iii ; v. Aplin ^a). 
Tfaoma>Abelyii,cii.Kent, 117}. A. . 

laotda AbcNn, 6 Ed*. I. BBD. 
I6fl^ Ban.— lohn, aon of Edward 
Ablhi! St. W ClerkenwellL jii. 

Abraham, Abrahams, A- 
brahamaon, Abram, Abrams, 
Abramaon.— (I) Bapt. ' theaon of 
Abraham.' A popular font-name 
io the 13th cenlury; v. Abbot In 
the Fen district especially tlic 
entries are common. The instances 
in the Hundred Rolls are all but en- 
tirely conlined to the Fen counties. 
A glance at the London Directory 
will show that in general Abraham 
reprcsentslheold English St ock.and 
Abrahams the more modem Jewish. 
This is proved by comparing the 
personal or Christian names pre- 
liied to the instances ; cf. Solomon 
and Salmon. 


Absalom, Abaalcm, Abso- 
lorn.— Bapt. ' [he son ofAbsolom.- 
A fairly popular font-name in the 
13th century, and not confined tc 
the Jews. 
' Now waa Ihcr of that chirche a pariih 



Edw. I. R. 

M^gots Abraham, IJ79 ; P. T. Yorka. 

(a) Local, 'of Abram,' a town- 
ship in the parish of Wtgan, Lane, 
originally wriitenAdburgham. The 
Lancashire Abram and Abraham 
spring from this place. 

Nicbolai Lucaa.of Alpnhara,!^ : ibid. 
Robeii Lyihpw. of Abram, ijA ! ibid. 
William Abram, pariah of Se|^ton. 

Abry.— Bapt 'the son of A- 
brabee,' presumably a form of 

Alan fil. Abrahee, co. Lbt, 1173. A. 
Dynv <il. Abnhe, co. Line. ibHlV 
William Gl. Abbnihee, ca Line. ibid. 
tsolL Kdnard Abrey: Rtg. Univ.Oif. 


Chamiah in com. Wilu' : Vi 

Arthore Abry, of 

abeth Abcry : St. Gto. Han. Sq. i. MI. 

1187- — Robsn.Abny and Jane Ward : 

Thomas Apaolon, London, tJ 

Ahwion In le Dyche, iUid. 

ThomasAbaolon: fttentBoll, IflEIii. 
pi- 7. 

Abaolon a Simon, C 

William Abiiolon, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
Ill: Kirl^'aQiirat, p. 173. 

Geortr^ AbnoEon, ' bnund for yi^ Bnr- 
moloi,' 16.V; Holten'a Liila of Eml- 

"^Jlrt-^imed-Clnnmoell Clark and 
Elk, Abaalom : St. Geo. Han, Sq. L 6;. 

London, 1, 1, j ; New York, 1, i, o.,' 

AbsoD.— Bapt ' the son of Abra- 
ham ' ; V. Abbs. 

Abum.— Local, 'at the bum,' 
corrupted to Aburn; c£ A'BeckeC, 
A'Wood, Ac. 

Heniy Atebam, co. Bockn, 1173. A. 

Richard Attebamt co. K^nl, ifed. 

1641. Franck. Edmondi and Mniy 
Abcmc ; MarHafe Lie. LLomion\ IL^^f. 

16^. John Fiah»ickand Mary Abnnie: 
"—■-- '"-■ (Canlertwry^ p. -" 

Acatour,Aohatour.— Official; 
v. Cator. 

HrniyleAchator. 'll°'^ ^°°' 

JodualeAchaiur, 1173. A. 

Chaucer says of the manciple who 
was so 'wise in buying of victuals," 
that of him 

' Aehaloora mighlen take enaample,' 

Aohard— Bapt 'the son of 
Aehard ' ; v. Hatchard. 

London. 1 ; New York, i. 

AehuTch.— Local ; v. Atkirk. 

Aokerman, Aokermann, A- 
kermaa, Akermaiui.—Occup. 
'the Ac reman ' ; a ploughman, a 
husbandman, a tiller of the soil ; 
' both prestis and knightis mosten 
bicome acremen and beerdis.' 13S0 : 
Hist. Eng. Die. 

'Thefonlnap, andaonronboiiBh, 

And acrrmen rede lo the plough.* 

Lay le Preine, 176 ,ltaiBwel|i. 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


Fder <lt Akmun, o. OiT., 1373. A. 

AkennsnD is or German birth. 

iSo3. UuTlfd — John SandlWd ud 
MaryAchnman^ SLG«>.HBn.Sl.ii.>7i 


Aokley.— Local, 'at the Ackley, 
i.e. the oalcineadow. The exac 
equivalent of Oakley, q.v. 

R»iphdeAckl=, «i.Oif.. 1173. A. 

■-'■--'- '-■- - Oif.,ibid. 

o. Bucki, ibid. 

John de Ade, ca Oif., ibid. 
Ruben de Acl^ co, Bucki, ibid. 

'" y Atltr, Ch. Ch. Coti. 

R«. Univ. Oif. iii 

iBio. Heniy Ct — 

Uamiige Lie (LondonX i. 

«aT7 Acly ; 

BoMon, I ; PhilBdelphia, 

Aoklom.— Local, ■ of AckUm,' 
two parishes in co. York, one in 
the union of Mallon, the other 
the union of Stockton. 
Robert de Aecioni, co. York, 1173, , 
1741. MBRied — John Neu'nian ■ 
EIo. AckJom: St. Ueo. Chap. Mayfi 

'^ift^ —John Philip Acklam and E 
RobinKni : St. Ceo, Han. Sq. ii. 3.^1. 
MUR (CO. Lincoln), I. 

Ackroyd, Eoroyd, Acke- 
royd, Akroyd, Akeroyd.— 
Local, 'of the Acitroyd,* i.e. the 
OBkclearinf; cf. Onnerod, Murgat- 
royd, &c. A well-known York- 

, m. York. W.l 

1619-U Samuel Akeroyd, co. York 
ibid. p. 380. 

lin. Buried— HaiT, d. Robert Acrod 
St. Thooiaa the ApoRle (Loedon), p. 131 

167S. John Somerecaki and Souniu 
Ayhr<^: UarriaEC Lie. (WeMminHer) 

' .i*7- Jam 
Faith Aikert 

line Conn Dir, aS, 2,a,i,6-. 

RBinKl, 1;, o, I, «,o; Fhila- 

driphia, 8, o, o. o. o. 

Adand, Aoklaad.— Local, * of 
Acland.' ' Froin the situation of 
their ancient seat in Lankey, near 
Barnstaple, CO. Devon, which, l>eing 
in the midst of a large grove of 
oaks (in Saion ac), obtained the 
name of Ac or Oakland. . . . They 
were settled in this place as early 
aslhereignofHenry 11.' (Lower, 
quding I(in)b«''t BaroneiAge.) 


Richard Aekeloadr, co. Soma., i Edw. 
Ill: KjrbT'itJBeM,n.i47. 

16DO. Baldwin Aclande, co. Dnon, 
Rm[. llniT. 0»f. vol. il. pt. il. p. 305. 

Jbhn Ackland^, tr-mp. Elii. Z. 

x6tl- Buried — Eliubeth Acklande, 
widdowe : Sl Pctcc'a, Comhill, i. 198. 

E.eter, 1.1: MDRico. Df^nl 3, a; 
London, 4, 6; Philadelphia, o, 3 ^ BoMan, 
o. J- 

AoDok, Aoooka, Haucook, 
Hayxiook, Hayoox.— BapL ' the 
son o( Alcock,' q.v., corrupted to 
Accock. This took the imiutive 
form of Haycock. At least it would 
appear so. If we could iind any 
a of Halcoek representing 
we should then be obliged 
the three last to that per- 

1379: P.T. 

onal n 

London, I, 9, I, 6, I ; Philadelphia, o, 

Acomb, Aeoma. — (0 Local, 

of Acomb,' a parish near York. 
(a) Local, 'of Acomb,' two town- 
ships in the union of Heiham, co. 

lelma. dc Acom, 1379; P. T. York-. 

d Elii 

— ,,.. Gained— HenTV Acn 
BlacKwell : Sl Jai. C1erke«> 

1691. Samuel Acomb and Ann Beit; 
Marriaee Alks. iCanterbury). p. 9». 

1767 Marrie'd-Oiven Scot, and Mary 

combe: St. Geo. Han. Sq.i. i;u. 

WotRidingCoBR Dir., 1,0; London, 


Aeott, V. Acock ; a variant ; cf. 
Glasscock for Gtasscolt. 

Oxford. I. 

Aore, Aorea, Aoker, Akera 

-Local, 'of the Acre,' or Acres, 
from residence beside the field or 
fields called [he Acre or Acres. 

Bartholomew de Acre, or Akera, baililT 
If Norwich, UHi: FF.iiL74. 

Oliver del Acre, 36 Ken. IIL BBR 

Walter del Acre, Ibid. 

Waller del Acre, (1 R, 4a Hen. III. 

William del Acre, co. ime^ Hen. Ill- 
Edw. L K. 

Johanna Any*, 1379 : P. T.Yorki.p. 29. 

Roj^erAcrefls 1379: ibid. p. 191. 

1691. Bapi.— John, I. Richard Acre*: 
it.Jai.ClfTken»ell,l. uo. 

London, u, 3, I, S : Philadelphia, I, o, 


AotOD. — Local, ' of Aclon.' 
There are in England no less than 
sixteen parishes, hamlets, town- 
ships. Sec, called Aclon, i.e. the 
brmstead among the oaks. 





John de Actone, co. Sonu., i Edw. 
Ill; Kirfay'iQunt,p. 188. 

Drae de Aclon, co. Norf., c. Hen. Ill : 
FF. it. ITi. 

Johannea de Ayketon, 1379 : P. T. 

ifSi. John Aclon, CO. Salop: Reg. 
Univ. Oir. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. II9. 

London, 6; FhiradelpHia, 7. 

Acworth.— Local, ' of Ack- 
worth,' a parish near Wakefield, 

a de Aekeworthe, 1379: P.T. 

■. York 

Acworth : Marriafe Lie (LoodonX i. 7. 

1589. Richard Ackworth, Lwkdon : 
Rrji. Univ. Oif. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. I7». 

lOon-i. Buried >- Thomai Acwonh : 
Sl. uonis Backchorch, p. JUS- 

WrM Riding Court Dir., 1 . 

Ada33i, Adamaa, Adama, 
AdJuuBon. — Bapt. ' the son of 

lam.' Almost the prime favourite 
a font-name in the 13th century ; 
V. Addis, Adcock, Atkins, Atkinson, 
Addyman, &c. Adams is remark- 
ably well represented in Ihe United 
States. A single glance at (he Index 
Hotten's Lists of Emigrants will 
£ce to show that many Adams, 
Addams, Adamsons, or Addamsons 
'ere among the early settlers. 
John m. Adam, CO. Oxf., 1171. A. 
HuL-h HI. Adam. co. OtL ibid. 
Gc?man Adsm, co. Camk, ibid. 
Juliana Adaiua, fo. Hnnti, ihid. 
Johannea Adanuon, 1379 : P.T.Yorki. 


1 Adan 

, 13791 ' 

Adamaon. 1179; ibid. p. 301. 
....^ .bomaa WilliBnia and Anne 
Addams: Uarria^ Lie. (London), ii- Mo. 

London, I. 

; Bocton, 9, 0, 

Adanitiiwaite. — Local, ' of 

Adamlhwaile ' (L c. the clearing of 
Adam (he first settler, probably in 
the lalh century), a small hamlet 
in Raven stonedale, CO. Westm.; 
V. Thwaites. 


Hiuorr and TraHiiioni 'of 

Rnlicrt Adamlhwailc, 1541 

1^ BapL— Mary, d! thniMU Adam- 

[A64. Buried— Sibel^l Adamtiiirain : Si. 
Warv AldFTinary. p. 1X6. 
MDR (CO. WcHm.). 1. 

Adoocfc, Attrook.— Bapl. < the 
son of Adam,' from the nick, Ade 
with sufEi -cock (cf. Wilcock, Jeff- 
cock, Walcock, &c.) : V. AddUwiUi 
Alcoch ; cf. Atkins for Adkina. 

'HimiDP. ion or AAt^nx'k. bcU 39 
aciHofland': DrLacr Inquiiition, tin. 

Kobcrlu* Ailcak, 1.(79; P. T. Yorki. 

RobntDi Adkokaon, mtq: itncLp.187. 
Wiiliam Atrok. iljg : ibid.ji. m, 
icyg. Married— ThoiDBS Smilh and 
Kalnme Adcock : Rt. Antholin, Londoi 


Buima El Ade, co. Line, ibid. 

A common entry in the Hundred 

isr4. Jolin AcMve and Eiii. Walker: 

*" -.(dan.erhory),p,,t 

i, CO. Salop i Rq-. 

,.. i p. 6t Wilh aU 

■^ cf, Ellice for Ellii, or 



re tor B 

Barhr and ApiM Adye : 

AlkR. (Cantf rtmnr), p. 7. 

i^^, HenrV 
Univ. Oif. vol. ... ,._ ... ^. .,.. 

166^. Hmry M.nh and L«0> Ady 
HaiTiaee Al[». (Canterbury), p. 106. 

J671. John Addia : ibid p. ilk, 

- Willium Bright and Jane Adey 
ibid. p. at?. 

Edward Addice, 1679: Hotcen'i Emi 
grants, p. 47,1. 

1600. aipt.— John, wm of John tai 
Suunah Ad« -. S(. Dionii BaclidiDrch 
London, p. nS. 

Jbj. ■ ■ 

.'M B'J 


1. Bapt.— Thonisa. ion of 1 

:ke: Sl.Jii<.CIerkeniv<-ll.i. 


. Yotk, 


■^ndon, S, II, (, I, 
o; PhlladeljAla, >% 
a, a 0.01 New Vorl 


Philadelphia, c 

Adderley, Atharly. — Local, 
' of Atherley," a pariah in co. 
Salop, pronounced Adderley. 

Henn rfe Addrelee, co. Salop. Hen. 111- 
Edw. \. K. 

Ra£erdeAddelee,ro. Willi, ibid. 

1574-t. Kalph Adderlev, co. Line: 

!«. Univ. OiF. vol 

nS.i. Ralph Addulej-, CO. Staff. : ibid. 

ijOQ. Hamphrey Addtrley. co. Warw. : 

i6£'. ''William cutler and Rath 
Addrrle}-: St. MiehBel, Camhill, p.44. 

London, 6, I ; Philadelphia, o, 1. 

Addlnell Bapt. <lhe son of 

Adam.' from an early dim. (?) ; cf. 
Adnett and Adnitt, q.v. 

Tadeaster, .1 

Addis, Addison , Adds, Addy , 
Ade, Adea, Adey, Adle, Ady, 
Addey, Aday, Adee.— Bapt. ' the 

son of Adam,' from the nick. Ad. 
Ade, or Addy. All are reminders 
of the wonderful popularity of 
Adam in the north of England, if 
not in the south; cC Adcock and 

MichoJai a. Ade, txp) : P. T. Yorki. 

Matilda Addy, 1.179 : ibid. 
Robenu Gl. Ade. i:t;9 : ibid. 
Alicia Klieia Ade, 1J79 ; ibid. 
Willelmw Adde^ t^: ibid, p 195. 

J. S. o. 

Addyman. — Occup. 'the ser- 
vant or knave of Addy,' i. e. Adam ; 
V. Addy and Addison. This is 
decidedly interesting. It is one of 
the chief witnesses to-day of the 
existence of the class of surnames 
to which it belongs. As a matter of 
course its home is in Yorkshire j 
cf. Malhewman, Peterman, Perry- 
man, Jackman, Bartleman, &c. In 
the following entries, although Ade 
(i.e. Addy) is given as the nick, of 
Adam, the entry is unfortunately in 
Latin. In English it would have 
read Thomas and Johannes Addy- 


P. T. 

[{nil Ade Symmeaon, 
lall. marci-mn/. 1379 : 
idictiAde. IJ79: iMd. 
ore fortunate in a 
:, where the English 

n,.n,lJ79: P.T.Yorkt 

lill and Elinbeth Adds. 
an. Sta. i. 148. 

Ade, Adey ; v. Addis. 

AdMu, AdUus, Adldnson, 
AtUn. AUdnB, Atkinson. At- 
kyns, Adldoson. — Bapt.' the son 


1 i St. C 


cf Adam,' from the nick. Addy, dim. 
Adkin, sharpened to Atkin. Tbereis 
no need ofcourse to prove this.but it 
is interestingtonote the following: 
'Adam le Fullere,' a citizen of 
London, is twice referred to as 
Adekin le Fullere (1973. Hundred 
Rolls, i. 496). Six centuries ago 
Adam probably ranked as second or 
third favourite among boys' names 
throughout England. In the north 
■I attained a most remarkable pre- 
eminence. Four Adams are men- 
tioned in the revenues of Conishead 
Priory, a. d. 1956 (West's Fumess, 
pp. 19a, 195). No fewer than sis 
Adams figure as benefactors of 
Purness Abbey, circa 1990 (ibid.). 
The everyday form was Adekin, 
then Adkin, and finally Atkin (see 

Geoffrey Adekyn, to Ric M, co. Norf. : 
FF. viii. 446. 

William Adekyn, co. Soini, i Edw. 
Ill: Klrtiy'iQunt, p. 111. 

Willelnili<Adkyn>oa,i379: P.T.How- 

Edmnnfi AdkynsM, 1379: P.T.Yorkm. 

H atkjrn Benetr, 1379 : ibid. p. 109. 

The following come together : — 

lohannet Altekyvm, 1379 : P.T. Vorki. 

Alicia soroT Adekynaon, 1379 : ibid. 

1680. Married— William Dnvy and 
Elii. Adkini: St. Dionig Backdiorch, 

1709. Eliiabeth. d. of John Adkbon : 

171S. Married— Georee Handaye and 
Mary Adkinon: Si. Michael, Comhill, 

London: t 10^ o, 9, 11, 60, 1, o; 

Philadelphia, Adkinon, 3. 

Adlun, Adltun, Adman ; v. 
Ad nam. 

Adiard. — Bapt. 'the son of 
Adelard ' or ' Athelard ' ; v. Allard. 
Adelhard was a cousin of Charle- 
magne, and Abbot of Corbie. 
(Yonge, 11.399.) 

Adelardna : Domesday. 


: Cloie RoU 

Adelard, CO. Camb., 1173. A. 

lil. Aderlard, co. Line, iblil. 

'Adelard, or Alaid. or Aloered Baate, 
chaplain of Matdalen, 1305': Krg. Univ. 

lobn Alhdard, co. Sooi., I Bdw. Ill : 
Kfrbv'i OBBt, p. IH. 

1794. Married -William Tollitt and 
Ell(;^dlard i St. Geo. Has. Sq. ii. lao. 

D,y:.eG oyCjOOg IC 


HDB. (Lincoln), 5: Loiulan, 4; ^'■^ 

Adlin, AdllDg.—Bapt. 'the 
■on of Adeline,' alias Alheline ; cf. 
Athelard and Adlard. 

Wllliara AthFline, co. Oif., ii;*. A. 

Richard Attvlyne, cO' CamtL, ibid. 

Adcliaa (vilKont nnHune), co. Line, 

WIllluB Adrlyn, co. Norf.. ihicL 

Henn 01 Adelynr, co. Derby, ibid. 
. GeofficT Adclyne, co. Camli, ibid. 

i!Ht. ttariRl— Richard Adlin : Si. 

IC71. BapL— Juic, d. of John Adlin: 

London, diaper, ^6l^' : Vititalion of 
London, 1634, ii. 141. 

Adnam, Adlttm, Adman. 
Adlum, Adnutn. — Local, ' o( 
Addingham.' Parishes in co, Cum- 
berland and W. Rid. Yorkshire ; 
cf. Swetnam and Swetman for 
Swetlenham, or Debnam and Dead- 
man for Dcbenham, or Pulnam and 
Putman for Puttenham. Ad lam 
is a further and natural variant! 
cf. boHmsler for balusitr. With 
Adnum, cr. Bamum for Bamham. 

■ <T4-.^. Robrtt Krchrll and Anne 
AdWian: Marhasc Lie (London), i. 6,v 

176& Married-John Adlam and Ann 
Rode : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. i. 171. 

1774. — John Maion snd Domdiy 
Adnam ; ibid. p. >]g. 

London, iL I, (n o, o : N™ Yoth, a. 1, 
o, 3, o; HDB. (co. GlooceMer), c^ ^ o, 

Adnett, Adnltt, Adnet, Ad- 

not, — Bapt ' the son of Adam," 
from the nick. Addy, dim. Add-in, 
second dim. Add-in-et; cf. Addin- 
3on, q.v. Adin or Addin was 
evidently the O.F. equivalent of 
Adkin, the customary English form; 
V. Atkins and Atkinson. 
Henriciu «L Adjnet, 1 S79 : P. T. Yorkt 

Adinel del Forent, 1370 : ibid, 
William Addynet, to. Yoik, ijij: 

William Haddynyll, co. York, 1530: 
ibid. p. jit 

1604. Btekiel Barbery and Anne 
Adnili : Uaniase Lie. (London), i. iBS, 

London, 1, 1,0,0; NewYotk.o^o, I, 1. 

Adney.— Local (t). 

Ijto^. Andrew AdiKj, co. Salop: Reg. 
Univ. Oif. YoL ii. pt. ir. p. aifi. 

1617-8. John AdncT aDd^Marr Steed- 
man : MaiTi^e LicO-oodDnX ii. 58. 

1- ii- 73- 

Adraln, Adrian, Adrinaon. 
— Bapt. 'llie son of Adrian.* The 
form Adrain is an old one. l^e 

sheriff, John Adrian, entered below, 
is recorded as John Adrain : A. i. 


1^-6. Aadrian Awdryan and Chrh- 
tianrEde; Harriasi! Lie (London), i. 11. 

1x97. Matthew Merylt aod Eliiabrth 
Adrrnson: Ibid. p. 141. 

ifiiK. Adrian Byen and Ellen Wood- 
cocke: MatriaiieLic.(W«nniin«er),p.3J. 

London, 1,0, o; Crcckford, o, 1, o; 
Philadelphia, o, 6, o : New York 

Adshaad.— Local , ' of Adshead, ' 
some spot in the neighbourhood 
of Prestbury, co. Chester, whose 
church register teems with entries 
relatingtothefamily, Thesumame 
has crossed the Atlantic. 

1560. Marrifd-John Wilkinaon and' 
MargretAdihed! Hck. Preilboiy (.Chea.). 

'^i6ia. BapL-liabell Adihed: Ibid. 

Rernold Adthrd, 1518, Po« Shrigley, 
- - reilbntr: EaitChea.ii.aiR. 

nai Adetbead, 1574, of Birchln- 

~ 17)1. Uatri'ed-l-PhilipPladand Dorothy 
Addiad : St. Jog. Clrrki^nwell. iil. Iff 
London, 3: UHncheMer, q; l>hil>- 

Affleck, AfOlck.— Local, 'of 

Auchinleck,' N.B. ' Asingularcon- 
traction of the surname Auchinleck, 
borne by an ancient family " of that 
ilk" in Ayrshire. Sir Edmund 
Affleck, created baronet in i^Sa, 
was sixth in descent from Sirjohn 
Auchinleck, son of Gilbert A. of 
Auchinleck"; Ijiwer, Pat.Brit.,p.3. 
1670. Bapt.— AndiTw, ye un or L'. 
Colonel Airdiew AfflecV (■!» ipclled 
Anick) : St. Ju Cn, Barbadoei ; 
Kotten'a LlHi of Emi|:;nnl% pp. 497, 


garet Stnait: St. Ceo. Chap. Mayfair, 

Manebcater, 4, o; Fhibdelpbia, i, 5; 
New York, 6, o. 

Affar, Agnn, Ag«r.— Bapt. 
' the BOD of Agar,' or ' Ager.' Pro- 

bably a form of Algar, a Domesday 
personal name, and very popular 
for several centuries ; v. Algar. 
Thomaa Agar. 1544, co. York : W. 1 1, 

wilfrid Agar, 1U4, co. York : ihld. 

rnO. Baried-loane Agar, ■ mayde, 
of (burKore yean olde; St. Michael, 
Comhill, p. igj. 

1619. Andrew Agar: Univ. Otf. 

rMC. Married— Thomaa A?ar and 
Mary Rigky : 5(. Peier'a, ComhllL i. 3V- 

London, 9, 1,8; BoMon(U.S.),5, 7,0. 

Aeard. — Bapt ; v. Haggard. 
Arthur Agard, a distinguished 
antiquary, was descended of an old 
Derbj-shire family. He was bom 
in 1540, and died in 1615. He 
was one of the original members 
of the Society of Antiquaries, and 
was buried in Westminster Abl>ey. 
(Diet. NaL Blog. i. 173, and Stan- 
ley's Westminster Abbey, p. 443.) 
Haggard is the usual form of this 

ijB)i. Stephen Arard, co. Northampt. % 
Ree. Univ Oif. voT. Ii. pt. ii. p. 134. 

16,34. Married-John Aet-anl and Mary 
Addertey : Si. Antholtn (London^ p. 68. 

AfoasoD, Agaoe, Asgas, 
Hftgrgia.— Bapt.'thesonofAgace'j 
a form of Agatha. 

John MeiHor et Ajaeia, aior na, eo. 

Symon Ance, CO, HuntL ibid. 
William Aga>, CO. Bucki, itnd. 
Simon Agaawn, 1371); P. T. York), p. 

'Agat Zibranrlaan, of AnKterdan,' 
Sept. ai. 1565: Cal. State I^pen (Do- 

'Ra^b A'ltaa {1540-1611), a land mr- 

napa ul London. A native of Sloke-ln'- 
Nayland. in Suffolk - : Diet Nal. BiOf. 
i. 173. Thiidistncl agreeawilh Ihecbief 

Edward Aggaj (1564-1601), bookseller 
and printer, ton si Robert Afgaa of 
Sloke-by-Nayland in Snffolk : ItHd. 175. 

1547. Buned— Ab»» Larbroke: St 
Dioni* Backrhnrcb. p. 181. 

I<7g. Ralph Agaa. rector of Ciaaitn- 
bak:, CO. NorT. : FF. ii. jig. 

Aga,t«.— (i) Local, ' at the gate,' 
from residence thereby ; cT. Atwood, 
Bywaler, 4 c. 
Adam Alegate, cn. Hnnla, iiTi. A* 
Alan Attfvate, co. CvnbM Ibidl 
Leonard A[ale, temp. Elii. Z. 




I Ellubeth 

(a) BapL 'the son of Agnes,' 
from the nick. Agg, dim. Agot. 
ThDmuAgot.i.iTg: P.T.Yarki.p.69. 

fohanna ^ot. 1370: ibid, 
ohn A^l^ CO. Somi., 1 Bd>-. lit: 

"■'i'7^'S^if-:.ji^« AcBle md Ann 
Bennett; Si. Gro. Han. 5q, i. 177. 

London, a; Ne» Yoikr!. 

J«e, Agge.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Agnea," from the nick, Afg. Aggie 
is still ihe favourite north English 


1669. PhiJIp Garde 
Aog; Marriage Li 

''B(»ton<L'.S.), 04 1; Nev York, I, o. 

Agland.— Local, ■ corrtiption 
of Acland, q.v. Ackland, Acland, 
and Agland are all found indiffer- 
ently in CO. Devon, the home of the 
name; v. Devon Directoiy; cf. the 
Lancashire Ogden forOakden. 
London, j; Scaton (DrvonJi 3. 

A<:Uonb7.— Local, 'of Aglion- 
by,' a township in die parish of 
Warwick, three miles from Carlisle, 

I JB,V^ John A^lionbj-, CO, Comb : Reg. 
|6'5- G«>rge Aijlioobey, Ovhl doc. : 
MDB. (CO. Conb-X 4. 

Aguiler, A4ca!fla,r.—Oceap. 
' a needier,' a maker of needles. 
' A f^li*^ needle forth I drew 
Out d( an ainikr rniaini vnow.' 
Chaucer, itom. Kov, 98. 
O.F. aguiVe, a needle. 

TI«ma,leApii[«,co York,.jo5. U. 
Wllliun le Aniler. Q. 
Lncaa le Agukr, co, Camb.. 1173. A. 
Philadd^ia (Agujrlarj, 1. 

Aikeo, AlUn, Aikens, Al- 
Uni. — Bapt. 'the son of Adam,' 
from the nick. Ade and dim, Adkin. 
The Scotch form of Atkin,q.v.,was 
Aitkin. This was further corrupted 
to Aiken and Aikin. 

1753. Married— Thdinni Aikin and Ann 
Whittington; SL Geo. Chap. Ma^fair, 

1771. -Hoirr Akin and Rebecca 



i in and Uai? UcDan 
■; Philadelphia, 18, 5 

Abuler, AIdbUo, AnD«al«7, 
AynBley.— Local, 'of Annesley,' 
a parish in co. Notts, near Not- 
tingham. But there is probably 
a north English local origin also. 
There is also Ansley, a parish in 
CO, Warwick. 

' Dc Resinald' dc Aniilc? - . . in Aniidee,^ 
Hen. lll%liv. I; K. pTii, Notla and 

Johannes de Anoeilegh, co. Notts. 

"]t\,n de Annesley, co. York, JO Edw. 

Johannea d 

ilay. r379; P- T. 


IilaU 1544: yWsP- '"■. , 

I7Y> Married— John AnnslrT and 
Bridget Rd« : St. Geo. Chap. Maytair, 

I rs 1 - — J obn Sharp andMarthaAinftley: 
' 'LoEdon^I, I, I, I ; New York, 3, 1, 1, o. 

Aliunporth. — Local, ' of Ains- 
worth,' a chapeliy in the parish 
of Middleton, co. Lane, formerly 

William de Avnenronh. ra. Lant, 
1333; UySnbsidylRylandi),p.3a. 

John de Ayneiworih, 43 Edw. Ill; 
Baincs' Lane. 1. 404.^aiChl'trr(i,M5-i63or^^' 

Lecilia Ainiwonh, of Ainewonh, 
widow, 1630 : i\»iL {i6«>-v>\p^ J- 
John Ayniwoilh (Line. Coll.): Rejr. 

Londor, 3 : Manchester, ij 1 Phila- 
delphia. 7. 

Atr«7, Airy, AItat-.- Local, 
'of Airey.' I cannot find the spot, 
but the family arose in co. Cum- 
berland or Westmoreland. Almost 
every instance can be traced back 
to one or other county. 

'ClirittopherAirBY (1601-70), a pionm- 
of English logic, wa> bom at Clifton in 
Wntmorrland': Diet. Nat- EUag.i. 199. 

""^^^"V l'5*o'-'*'6), a pni 



In the muRer roll of Ihe dependantm of 
Walter Strickland, deputy steward of 
Kendal (lemp. 18 Hmry Vli occnn 
-Edward Avray, a byll'i Nicobon and 
Barn. Hi.t Westm, and Cnmb., i. 97. 

leSo Henry Ayrey, DO. Weslin. ; Reg. 
Unli, C«. vil,". p. 91. 


1681. Anthony AyreT.ofChiptnE: Lan- 
ca>hi<« Will, at Ribhmond, ii. 10. 

17S3. Married-Joseph Airey, of Ken- 
dal, and SBTsh Salthoiue, of I'lventon : 
L'lvenrton Church Reg. ii. 417. 


AiakeU.-Bapt.(t)'the ton of 
Auskettle.'q.v. Probably a modi Red 
form. On the other hand it may 
be local, with the suffix -giU, so 
common to the narrow gnt^s of 
the northern cotinties. 

ijjfi. Heniy Atsgill. m, Westm. ; Reg. 
Univ. Oif. vol. ii. pL ii. p. 71. 

1608. Joshua AisgiU. co. Glonc. : ibid, 
p. .68. 

Aialaby. — Local, 'of AisUby,' 
(1) a township in the parish of 
EagleaclifTe, co. Durh. ; (9) a chap- 
elry in the parish of Whitby. N. R. 
Yorks, formerly Aslakeby (v. As- 
bc). Hence the meaning ia 'the 
dwelling of Aslac,* the first settler. 
' Aislabie, one of the oldest names 
in the county of Durham, from 
AisUby. a parish on the river Tees, 
on the banks of which the family 
Still reside. In old documents it is 
written Ashlackby, and in about 
filly other modes ' (Lower). 

Hugo de Aslaby, 1J79: P. T. York*. 

VViliiam Ailakeb*. or Aislabr, 1571: 
Viniarion of Yorkshire. 1564, p. 3, and see 

Kalherine Aslaby, d. of Francto Aslake- 

Ijas- Charles Ailansaa and Eliubelh 
Aislsbia : St. Ceo. Kan. Sq. 1. 140. 

Aitoheaon, AitohiBon.Aclie. 
son, Aokeraon.— (i) Bapt. 'the 
son of Archibald' (I), from the nick. 
Archie, a Scotch Border favourite ; 
( intrusive, as in Ritchie, from Same 
district, q.v. i 

John Achesonn, 1363 : C«l. Slate Papers 
relating lo Scotland, edi.Tli by Thorpe, 

Ar^ie of Gingles, IS!U : Nicolson and 
Bam, Hist. Wenm. and Qimb., i. p. 

John Archerjon, 1&13: ibiU. pp. ciii, 

AnhieHalliday, i6a3: Ondi 
(a) Rapt. ' the son 01' Adkin,' 
q.v. A Border form of the great 
north English surname A Vinson, 
This it the (rue source of tlie 
majority of our Aitchetoni;^ Sec. 

At^ison v Atkinsc 



'"iiP- *■ 

n'ins Dirbiiat ^m Chncch 
One <ru buried >l Klrk- 

.-, n Anchlom, oT MiilrighB! 

Thii li the ettUn fonn of ihi! comipiion, 
' iiiifcalheGntitcp': Tnn>.Canib. 

niuiKd Wniiu 

•nd Wd 

d Areh. Soc,, 

Crocliford. J, o, i ; 

iiipiiiuiiip»i'CoTi'J.'& """■"■'■■ 

Aitken. Aitkin, Altkeas.- 
BapL '(he son of Adam.' Th 
Scolcb Border form of Atkin, q.v, 

1744. Mamed— Aki.AitkcnaandJan 
MnaJlpcn : St. Geo. Hnn. Sq. i. 1>. 

■773- — W>IJiam Ailkcit and Eli 
SlKJlon: ibid. p. iti. 


AlxlAWOod.— Local, 
of Haxlewood,' q.v. 
W«t Rid. Court Dir.. a. 

Aked.— Local, 'atlheook-head' 
(from residence thereby), the top 
or furthest reach of the oak-treei ; 
cf. Birk-head, now Birkett ; and V. 
Akenhead for further instances. 
Johannn de AykcbiBied, 1J79 ; P. T. 
WMStidC^nDir.,14; Philadelphi.,1. 

Akenhead.— Local ; v. Aken- 
side. Lower aayt, 'Akenhead: 
Akenside— doubtless local ; from 
Aiken, an early proprietor.' This 
latter slatement is wholly incorrect. 

Akenilde, Akenhead, Ai- 
kenhead. — Local, 'of Akenside,' 
i.e. the side of the clump of oak- 
trees; A,S, dctH; cf. Beech en, Lin- 
den, Birchen, with the adjectival 
saffix -m. The place, whether a 
nunorormere farmstead, is distinct- 
ly set down in the list of landed 
KiDprietors in Hodgson's Hist, of 
orthumberland (iv. a68). Aken- 
side, the poet, it wilt be remem- 
bered, was born at Newcastle-on- 
Tyne in i^ai. His parentage and 
descent, therefore, were strictly 
local, and his ■ forbears ' had wan- 
dered but a few miles from their 
original home ; cC Thomas Carlyle 
^nd the city Carlisle (v. Carlisle). 
-sidt is a common auffii of north 
English local names, used in the 
•wme sense as lake-side, pit-side ; 


cf. Fawcett or Garside, q.v. Also, 
cf. Adam de Birkinside, 1393; 
E. and F., co. Cumb. p. 165. 

Mark Akraiide : KKK.M.414. 

Thomai Akcnbrad : ibid. p. 449. 

Akenhead, i.e. at the head of the 
oak' trees, corresponds with Birken- 
head, Birkett, and Beckett, q.v. 

David Akenhead, 1763: Brand'i Kid. 

JohaniiM Je'Xjkehenod, 1379; P. T. 

1J69', MarrTrd— William Nedhom and 
EWnor' Akenhead: SI. Geo. Han. Sq. 
i. 185- 

Cmckrord, o, I. o: MDB. itlonb Rid. 
YDrkihite),a,(^ i. 

Akleter.— Local, ' of Acaster,' 
two parishes of this name near 
York. lliLS surname has crossed 
from Yorkshire into Furness, Lan- 

Wiliiam de AcaMie, eat^r^ i^io-ao: 
Frmmen of York. .Surt. Soc), i. 19. 

Rotienus de Aouht^ 1379: P. T. 
YiHki. p. 4. 

Johannea Aeaitre, 1379 : ibid, p. 196. 

Ulvemton, 1. 

Alabaster, AUblaetar.— Oc- 
cup. 'the Arbalester,' i.e. cross- 
bowman ; O.T.arbaltstUr; v. H.E.D. 

'Sojrealpnweroft h{iJand,aiidof France 

With him into Enfland, of kniKh<a,aiid 

Spnmen nnote, and bowejuen, and alao 

Robert of Glonceiter. 
'And in the kernels, here and there, 
Ot atbluJirn great plentie meie.' 

Hinr; le AJbloiter, c. i3ua M. 


f : FF. ^- 

Arbtiuter, co. Oirf,, ibid. 

1. Norf., 1 

p. Stfr 

156J-6. Kai<eii*Elon and Margaret 
Aleblaiter: Marrias e Lie (Landanl, 1, 33. 

1614. Bniied-Hr.ThomuAilybluter, 
gent. : St Pelei'i, Conihill, i. 181. 

i-ondon, j,d; Philadelphia, o, I. 

Albany.— (t) Local, 'deAlbint,' 
nottheScotchAlbany. 'Williamde 
Atbini attended William the Con- 
queror. Wace mentions him as 
" the butler d'Aubignie"' (Lower). 

the Earls ot Arundel. 
Hngh de Albany. Earl of Anindel, 
■mp. 13IJ, ™. Nort. : FF. 1. .504. 
UodliqiCiflaTd, rector of Atilebonagh, 

William de Altnal, ot D'AnbiEnv. pin- 
erma repa; FF. in. 41, 44. 

Willlani de Albania, or Albany, co. 
Notia, Hen. lll'Ed«. I. K. 

(9) Bapt. ' the son of Alban,* 
popularly Albany. This form hag 
survived in some districts till to- 

Albany Holmea, farmer, Famley, near 
Oliiey: WHiRia.ConnD.r., p. 3,,. 

Albany Wade, of Uoihand, co. I^orlb. 
orabeiland, 166) ; KKK. iv. it*. 

Albany FenlierHon, of ICirkhaUEh, 
NorlhamberlanA 1663: ibid. p.3i9- 

1616. John Hamliorne and Maty 
Albanie: Marriaee Lie tLondon), ii. 167. 

Flilladelphia. 4. 

Albert, AUbrlght, AUbred, 
Albright.— Bapt. ' the son of 

Albert,' from Elhelbert or Adel- 
bert; German Albrecht; v. also 
Allbrighi for further instances. 
Ajlbreda de Cheyny. A. K. 46}. 

Ai'br^a'de\anTMte. T. 

Albred de la Have. T. 

The Atbrechts of the London 
Dir. are all of late German immi- 
gration. Also the Albrechts of 

Walter Albard, co. Soma., 10 Bdw. 
Ill : Kiiby'a Qneit, p. 184. 

1607. William Albright. Uard. Hall: 
Reg. Univ. Oit.iii. 171. 

Condon, 7, 0, Ok o ; Ulventon, o, 1, o, 
01 BoMon lAllbrighlv I ; Philadelphia, 
34,9,0, ML 

Albery, Albury.- (i) Bapt, 
'the son of Albray,* probably 
Aubrey, (a) Local, 'of Aldbury,' 
a parish in co. Hertfordshire, 
three miles from Tring ; v. Albury 

'■ P: ^- „ 

«P),'370; ibid. 

1083. Bapi.-,___ ., _ 

barj: St. Mary AkJen n aTy, p. 109. 
Albin.— Bapt, ' the sod of 

Albin ' or 'Albaa': pel form Al- 

Albin le Ponmr. N. 

Alhinni de Siapelford, co. Canb., 

' "J^l'binui le AlblaBer, C. B., 33 Edw. t 
Earlier siill, in 1069, we find oiic 


Albin de Dereby forbidden [o dwell 
within the precincts of London 
city : WWW. p. lag. 

For other examples see next 

1664. BapL-Maiy, d. Hugh Albin: 

1786. Mimed -Wnign Albin and 
Ltnin Charllcr : St. Geo. Hun. Sq. I. 

London, 1 ; Philad«]pliia, I. 

Alblnaon, AlbMon, AUba- 
son, Albaaon.— Bapt. 'the son 
of Albin,' or * Alban ' ; v. Albin. 

I«b«lla fil. Albin, •». Cimb., IJ73. A. 

John Gl. Albini, «L Camb., ibid. 

The following entry has probably 
no connexion with Alberslon ; 

1790. MnrriEd-Jama Barlow and lane 
AlbctKa : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. ti. 40. 

With this variant cf. Patteraon 
for Pattinson. 

HancbrMcr, 1, I, I, o ; PbiladelphiB, o, 

O^O, I. 

Albon, Albona.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Alban '1 v. Allbon. 

itSt. Married— Jama Albon and Ann 
Pook : St. Gn>. Kan. Sq. i. 401. 

Alburr, Albro.— Local, 'of 
Albury,' or ' Aldborough,' parishes 

in COS. Norfolk. Suffolk, York 

,, York <E.R.) 
ford; V. Eldborough. 

David dp Aktrbnry. CO. Salop, 1173. A. 

Stephen dc Aldebury, co. Oif., ibid. 

Winiam de Oil., Hen. [II- 
Edw.l. K. 

Ridiaid de Aldebueh, co. Bedf.. » 
Edw.I. R. "^ 

180a. Married-William Alberrr and 
Either Kemp : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. xn. 

London, a, o; New yorl.,0, 13 ; Phila- 

Albutt, Allbutt— Bapt 'the 


of Rockland, en. 
irried— joK[^ Haddock anc 

tea: Pi". v. 486. 

1751. Manied-Jofcpl 

ianh Allbut : St. Geo. Chap. Mayfi 

London, I, o; WeM Ridinj; Coail Dir. 

p. 198. 

' " 1,0: Hem 

ielpliia, a. 

Alcock, Aleoook, AIlccxA; 
Aloocknon.— Bapt. ' the son of 
Allen,' from the pet fomi Alli- 


cock or Allcock; v. Cock, and cf. 

Wilcock, JelTcock, Simcock. 'The 
same holds one messuage which 
formerly belonged to Matilda Al- 
coke, doghtyr.' 'The same holds 
one tenement which formerly be- 
longed to Alcoke of Hyngande rode': 
Rental of Halifax {1435*. Cotton 
MSS. Vespasian ; F. [5, Brit. Mus. 

Alcok de Stonyi, co. Derby", iijj- A. 

Johanna Alcokson, 1379: P. T. YoHci. 
P' '"- 

ibut p. Ml. 

■o.' !>.■:> :' Rf*- Vni.; Old. i. 110. J 

1627. Richard Hatton aiiiL Elleno 
AlcocVe: Marriage Lie (London^ iL 191 

V. Allkin. There is clear proof 
that the original form was Aly- 
cock. and that this was abbreviated 
to Al-cock. Allen would readily 
take the nick. Ally or Aly, and the 
suffix -axi was added as a matter 
of course. The important point is 
to remember the enormous^' pu' 
larity of Allen in the 13th nfi 14th 
centuries, and the absoljte cer- 
tainty that both nick, an^ pet forms 
would be in everyday -ise. 
Cecilia Allicok, lU^: P. T. Yorks. 

"^ Henry AlvMck, r -rtor of Colney, co. 

Norf, 1481: FF. v.t. 

'lni493,Thon.a AlicokiraTe lomark. 
to buy acopr": 1 -id. iv. laS. 

i6gi. Thoma Abbott and Fran^i 
Allicock: MiriiigrLic-lLnndonJ,!!. :ii3. 

London,* ,3.o;Ne»York,l,o,i,5. 

Aldaro'.— Local, ' of Aldham,' 

Aldea, Aldln, Aldlne.— Bapt. 

'the ^ n of Aldwin'; i.e. Aylwin, 
with; ilnisiverf. 'Thistown (Shel- 
ton, , o. NorT.) in the Confessor's 
tim belonged to Bishop Stigand, 
an', was held of him by Aldwin, or 
A' win ' : FF. v. 363. The aur- 
' I the 13th 


into -m, -in, and -oig ; cf. Golden, 
Goldin, Goulding. Audenshaw, a 
division of Ash ton- under- Lync, was 
originally Aldwinshaigh, i.e. the 
wood of Aldwin. 

WillinindeAldAinihaw, 1411: Bainei' 
Lane. i. 410. 

Adnm dc Aldewyneahawe, co. Lone, 
i» Edw. I : R. p. 110. 

Aldwina de Blanrpaia, Hen. Ill-Edw. 

' Wd'liam Atdyn, co. Sonii., I Edw. Ill ; 
Kirby'i Qunt, p. 104. 

Richard AlA-*Tn,™.Wilt«,iiTJ. A. 
* ' — idrr Aldeyn, co. Oiif., ibid. 

Robert III. Aldun 
Rejiinald Aldyne 


, Pflilij 

MsTTingc Lie (Wat 
''■LSidon,4, 1.3: New York, «, c^ i. 

Alder.— Local, 'at the alder- 
tree ' ; cf. Ash, Nash, Birch, Rown- 
Iree, &c. ; from residence thereby. 
The plural is found in the two 
entries following : — 

Tlioina" in (he Alrrtt, eo. Sonu- I Edw. 
lit: Kiiby'a QD>4t, p. 183. 

Henry hi the Alren, «. Soma., i Edw. 
Ill : it»d. p. 159- 

'Aldren- elders': Halliwell. 

Richard atte Aire, CO. Soma., t Edw, 
III : Kirby'i Quest, p. 110. 

John alle ATre, co. Somt., 1 Edw. Ill : 
ibid. p. 111. 

Rotieri in the Alee, co. Soma., i Ed*. 
Ill: ibid. p. 165. 

Thus the i/in Alder is excrescent. 

160.?. Buried — Iiaacke, a. Henric 
Aldcn: Si. Iu. Clerkenwell, iv. So. 

1611. — Marjrett, wife of Richard 

irVJ^-^^li'J'' Alder:. St. Thoma* the 
Apoatie (London), p. t,s6. 

London, 13 ; Philadelphia, 3. 

Aldarm an.— Official, ' the al- 
derman,' probably used sometimes 
personally; cC Bateman,TiddymaD, 

Aldcmiinn' de Bretford, co. SbhfI, 
"iukel Aldr-nnan. Sheriff of London, 
1194: WWW. p. 187. 

Jan>b Alderman, Sheriff of Londoi), 
iiw: iUd. p. iB& 

RoberlleAldemi»n,coiNorf., im. A. 

Thoinaa Alderman, rector of Si. Bat- 
tolph, Norwich, 1388 : FF. iv, 441. 

1601. Bapt.— lliomia, nn of Jowph 
Alderman : Stjaa. Ckrkenwell, I.341. 

London. 5 ; niiladclplila, 1. 

Aldersoy.- Local, 'of Alder- 



sey,' a township in the pariah of 
Coddington, near Chester. This 
is aettled beyond controversy by 
the following entries : — 
Ralph Aldeiwj, oTChoICT, Bicknniin, 

^Qinu Alrlency, of Middle AUIency, 
Chnhiic, 1^; ilnd. 

Hnjfh AlderBcy, of Aidrtmcy, yecmun, 
l6u : ibid. (i6x)-50l. p. 3. 

IjBS^. John rtlder^y, n>. Cha. : 
Rejr. Univ. Oif. vol. il. pt. li. p. 168. 

iey>-i. Robert Eyre and Ai>nc Alder- 
tty : H.n-iage Lie. (LandonI, ii. 301. 

i(5j5. Thomu Blechyi»lcn ■?id Mar- 
£4rel AMcracy r ibid. p. 234. 

TheKTandfatberofAnneand Mar- 
garet Aldersey was * John Alder- 
sey, of Aldersey, Co. Cheiter,' who 
married Anne Low, sister of Sir 
Thomas Low, alderman of London. 
Their father was Samuel Aldency, 
of London, haberdasher : v. Visita- 
tion of Leadon. 1633-4, P- ^ 

Limpool, li UDB.<Chahin), 1. 

Aldersoo.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Aldus '{v. Aldhous), a once familiar 
pecsonal name. Araus-son would 
soon settle down into Aldenon. 
I. John Atdeus: Rcf. Unlr. Oif. 
I. John AUtruya, aS Loodoa : itiid. 

AMenai : Si. Ju I 
1^4. Anthony Al 

A.'iSA: ILinia^ 1 


n of Kichani 


., clerk, ijMi'fri 

, ..Tww wl^iiinbi 

Philadelphia, 3. 

AUUtam, *''i^'^™ — Local, 
Aldham,' probably an early form of 
Oldham, co. Lane, on l^e borders 
ofYorkshire. TherearcKjii 
parishes of this n?ni<- \-ntars 
and Suffolk. 

n de AMam, 1379: P. T. Yorks. 


lubclla de AJdam. itm : ibid. p. 61 

D, olShimi 

>. Noif., 


' 1607. Harried— Richard Aidant and 

Ainei Orer : St. Michael, Comhill, p. ig. 

1671. Richvd Kingonill and Eunice 

Aldham : Uiiriage Lie iFurnhy OOice), 

Loodon, 1, o ; Wot Riding Coon Dit., 

Aldbouae, Aldhous, Aldis, 
AldottB, Alduo, Alldiss— Bapt. 
' the SOD of Aldus ' ; not local, as 
several of its corrupted foma woiJd 


to prove. These are simply 
ivc. Thedocumenlary proofc 
extremely strong. Norfolk has 
been a long-estabHshed home for 
ne, both in its fontal and 
patronymic character. 
William BL AldBK. CD. NmtK iin. A. 
Cecilia lil. Aldiu, eo. OiF.. Ibid. 
Aldu Waveloc. co. Camb., ibiiL 
Hugo Al. AldiH, CO. N«f., ibid. 
Hun> EL AldBM. co. Norf., ibid. 
Alan Hildchoui, 1370 ; ibi^ p. sio. 
Waket Aldom. 

Norf., . 

Robert Aldhoi 
o. Korf.. i.ic.<: i 

KF. * 


if Naiimrfb, 


Aldith. AwdlUi.— Bapt. 
son of Aldith," an early form of 
Edith (t). 

AMilha Dior Wlletmi Anfaenr, C. R, 

Aldred, Aldried.— Bapt. • the 
son of Aldred.' Thispersonalnane 
died out soon after the surname 
epoch, and instances of its occur- 
rence as a fontal name are scarce. 
Alfred El. RoiriT, T. 
AHmi Andei. CO. Cmb.. 1313. A, 

Edw. HI: 

Bdw. Ill ; 
id Mafdal 
"Xidr^ V """ 
London, 9, o ; 'Bowiin CU.S.), a, 1. 

Aldrloh, Aldrldge. — Bapt. 
>ths son of Alderich.' Although 
wearing a local guise, it is easy to 
see that Aldridge belongs to the 
baptismal class. 

Williiin Ailrich, co. Som*. 1 Bdw. 
m : Kilby'. Qmtt. p. .43^ 

johnELAldieeh? C 

John Aldrich, co. Camb., ijjj. A 

John Alrich, ■315. M. 

Robcnm Aldtecli, 1379: P. T. York*. 

John^AldiTehe, twillS of Yannoalh, 



.. Peter Aldrich and Catherine 

Maitiaee Lie. (London), 1.318. 

Robcn Aldrich, or Aldridjte (d. i«A 
"vine, was bom at ElnrnfuLfD, 

A T fTgy^iiia mgp. 

I Backinji;hani>hiir, tDtnnb the clone of 
le.isthcenlnry': Diet. Nat. Bioji. 1. 951. 
London. 4, 4); Philadelphia, 13, ij. 

.AldwinoUa— Local, 'of Ald- 
rinkle,' a parish three miles from 
Thrapstou, co. Northampton. 
Henry de Andewinkle, co. NorthampL, 
enrv Ill-Edw. I. K. 
-■'- - ■ ■ .William Allwinekle 
It. Oionia Backchareli 

nrv III-Edw. I. 
Ui Married- 

ilVnry King : ! 

I : St. Jxi. Clerki 

ow^I, iv! 

wyddbnw ; Ibid. p. 304. , 

Aldworth.— Local, ''ot Aid- 
worth,' a parish in co. Berks, near 

John AWeworth, CO. Oif., I17J. A. 
1,41^-8. Praneii Peilde and Afrnen 
Aldewonhe : Ma rrla([e Lic^Lnndan), i. 168. 
„1J9S; John Aldwoft^ 00, Clone.: Reg. 
Unii. 0.f.vol.ii. M. Ii.n. JIO. 
Loodon, 3 ; Philadelphia, 3- 
Alafounder. — OfScial, ■ the 
alcfounder,' an inspector ap- 
pointed by the Court Leet to as- 
size and supervise the brewing of 
malt liquor. Another term for this 
ofBce was ale-conner. A poem of 
James I's reign says — 

" A none he had that ran ihow. 
What iKiDor be loved I Irow ; 
For be had beliirr long Kven years 
Been o< the loM-ne the ale-cooner.' 
A eoHfirmalioH by John, Abbot of 
Cockerham, Lancashire, i Ric. HI, 
says, ill regulating the price of beer, 
' Yai sail gyf Ale-fwnders a fwnd- 
ing galoQ or else a taste of ylke 
vessel!,' Sec. ; Baincs' Lane. ii. 5S8. 
ThU word is neither in Halliwell 
nor in the HisL £ng. Dictionaty ; 
cC ' fondyn, or asayyn — atUmpio,' 
Prompt. Parv. p. 169, Way adds 
in a note: 'AS. fandian, Imlan.' 
Lower quotes as follows from the 
Norfolk Chronicle, Aug. 19. 1854; 
' At a Court Leet, or Law Day . . . 
of the Borough of NewBuckenham, 
the sub-bailiff, affiers, searchers, 
and sealers of leather, examinen 
of fish and flesh, alcfounders, in- 
spectors of weights and measures, 
and a pinder were appointed': 
Patr. Brit. p. 5. Again Lower 
quotes from Three £ar]y Hetr. 
Rom. (Camden Soc.), p. uxviii, as 



follows: 'In the records of the 
manor of Hale in the xvth cent, 
one Thomas Loyet is mentioned 
as being fined ... for having con- 
cealed Ae /ouniimg pot (quia con- 
relavit 1e fowundynge pot), 3rf.' 
Evidently the ofGcial term ai well 

in Norfolk till a very recent period. 

M»ry Alfr 

Richard A 

I Alcdnnder 


-. FF. VI 


Chnrrh'lo' Roben AIMMniin- 'm'iht 
middle of the luC cnnuir ' : N. ud 6.. 
jBn,ii, iS8;,p.4-4. 

1671 Barifd— Sonh,,,,.^^ . «> 
Michad, Cvmhill. 
ibid. p. log. 

■ Jo>in AlH'Diinder (d. Ijm). p 

AcademVi and earned a lilver medai 11 
tjK,.- &c. : Mia. Nat. Biw. i. lu. 

MDK (SnffoikX i. 

Aletiumer.— Occup. 'the ale- 
tunner,' one who filled luns 01 
raslcs with ale ; v. Turner and 

Walter leAletDoiKTe, C R., i6Edw. 1. 

Alexander.— Bapt. ' the son of 
Alexander ' ; v. Saunders. This 

Eersonal name ia common lo all 
urope, and in England was on 
early favourite. Stories of pro- 
digious achievements, many of 
them miraculous, caused it to be 
inmensel)' admired. Miss Yonge 
(i. 199-aoa) quotes Chaucer as 

That everie wight that had) diicredoD 

Prompt Pai 


YorkLIx 1^ 

lohn Atvviiidis, 
Norf,, 1508: FF.Ls, 

■'■■ " Fs^:s." 


F Aillebiit][h, 

<nd Barban 

HatiugeUc (London), ii. 30. 

. Clirl 

, Peter . 

anrter':Sl.L, , 

London, 89 ; Philadelphia, 

Alford, Alforth,— Local, 'of 
Alford.' Parishes in cos. Line, and 
Somerset, and no doubt smaller 
spots in various 

ing: ' the old ford.' For the form 
Alforth, V. Forth. 

Robert de AldeToH, 1184: Annnln 
CMtrieaao, p. 33 (Lane, iind Cbt*. R™. 

John Alforde, co, Somi., 1 Eiw. Ill : 
K.rhy'. Qursl, p. it6, 

Jolin dE Aldetord. ca. HcTrTord, 1371. A. 

16,14. ThoniM Al'ord, of CO Wilts, 
and Sennrlt {1. e. Benedicts) Beriifoid : 
Marriage Lie. (Londoni ii iig. 

■ ;Aj. Manied-Tliomas Ruiton and 
Betty Airord : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i, 111. 

London, 14, I ; Philadelphia, lo, u 

Alfred, Allured.— Bapt, ■ the 

son of Alfred,' or 'Alured.' This 
latter form is still found as a sur- 
name, although Alfred has long 
been the accepted orthography of 
the fontal name. It is curious that 
Alli-ed has so few represents 
in the directories. Where Allen 
occupies columtis, Alfred occi 


0. DevB 

, 1J7J. A. 

.Hen. Ill-Edw. 1. K. 
RtAeit Alured, CO. Oif,, ii;i A, 

Tiwmas A _ 

Klrt,y'.Qur- - -- 
1617- The 


o. r>if., ibid. 

:>. Burkt, Ibid. 
Icar of Moullon, 


1 Edw. Ill 

i6M- Andrew Clare and Everell 
Londoa, 3. I ; Philaddpbia, i, o. 

Alfrey, Allfrey, AUfwe. 
AJ&ee.— Bapi. ' the son of Alfrey,' 

i.c.Alfred. Alfried, Alfred, Alfrey; 
cf Godfrey. Godfried, Humfrey, 
Humfreid : YoDge, i. pp. Ixriii and 

Elfemi Tannator, 00. Sonei. 13«, A. 
W™rdoiA^l^y,^.,75 : FT. York" p. 9. 

1666. Mickepher Alphrey and Maij 
Vood; HarriBKc Alkeg. (CanlerbeiyJ, 

Algar, Alger, Elgor.-Bapt 

'thesonof A!gar,'or'Alfgar.' In 
Domesday commonly found as 
Algar. It is also met with alone 
without surname attached in the 
Hundred Rolls, iL 47a. This sur- 


name is a familiar one as Algiar in 
CO- Norfolk. It is early found there 
both as a personal and a surnrme. 
Algar, although forgotten now, was 
evidently popular in its day and 
generation ; cf. the place-name 
Algersthorp, co. Norf. 

Ali[arlflSa.-ener, co.Camb.. ia73. A. 
Elena fil. Algar, fo. Camb., ibid. 
* ■ ■ Alfar. « - 

John Algar, co. O-t, il 
Alicia relietaAli,.or,; 

FF. iii. 600. 

AInr de Flee 
II : iGld. ai. 19^ 

ried-Cbarlea AlliTer an< 
_..._. St. Geo. Han. So, f, 711 
London. ^ !( 4 ; MDa (Norfolk), j, o 

n.t 1,4; 
•n (U.S.), o, 

11. Alice, CO. (W.. ib 
'■ . RR. I 

D.f , UTS. A 
Camb., nild. 

Kichard AlHwine, co. Soma , i Edw. 
Ill: Kirbjr'. QneU, p. J45. 

(a) Bapt. 'the son of Alice." from 
the popular dim. Alison; cf Marion 
Mary. Gibbon from Gib (i. e. 
Gilbert), Beaton from Beatrice, 


tn anawerrd : Who it there 

•1. M: : Teal, E 

>r (Saneea Soc... 

liKeon de Tu.fonh. co. York. W. 2. 

liKinGelyot. H. 

liKn Wranirwiih, CO. York. W. It. 

ihanne* Alyawo, 1379: P. T. York). 

'fat. Bapt.— MBn',d. Abraham AllvKni: 
St.|aa.Clerlienwell, i. «. ' 

Thomai Alyson, rector of Melton 
Conuable, CO. Norf, 1447: FF, li. 410. 
(3) Bapt. 'the son of Allen,' 
corrapted from Altenson. Such a 
corruption was bound to take place ; 
cf. Pattinson and Pattison. There 
can be no doubt many of our Alli- 
sons are traceable to this source. 
For early instances, v. Allenson. 

1617-8. Leonlid AUenaone and Chria. 
lion Starelly : Maniage Lie (Loudon), 

D,g.t,zeG by t^OOg IC 

i6ie. WilliuD AircwHi snd Elii. 
Broomer: Mtningc Lie. (t-oodon), u.6a 

A llison haa ramified very strongly 
in the United Sutes. 

London, 3, k: Wot Rid. CddtI Dir.. 
0,6; Philadeli^U, o, 86. 

Alker,— Local, 'or Altcar,' a 
village six miles from Onnskirk, 
CO. Lancaster. This surname is 
rarely found outside the county. 
Its origin is easily proved by the 
follow! n|; instances ;— 

Marram Alrar, of OnnftkSrk. ntftivtB, 
l6u ; Willi 11 OtstPr li.'45-i63o). p. J. 

Hranr Alkar, a( Oimkirk, wOiUr. 

(U.S.)... '^' ' 

AUdnB. V. AUblna. 
Allam&nd.— Local J v.AUman, 
and cf. Lallimand. 

i,<7R. Oliver Almonde, cc OiT. : R%. 

AlUrd, AUaPd»D. — Bapi. 
' the son of Alard.' abbreviated from 
Adelard ; v. Adlard. 

Alard le FIsiDinge. & 

Alard Ir Bqujt. H. 

Rohrtt AlHfd, 1.107. M. 

Ralph Gl. Alard, ump. Hen. Ill : BBR 

^A^iim Ad*laH, eo, Camb., uw A. 
■ ■ ■ ■ d Baatc, lytj: Reg. 

Uniy. 0«f. i. ^. 
Al nardut He Camir, Heq.I I 
Alardiu Flin.)r'. Ihid. 
Aylard el 

■f. I. K. 

e Stks CO. EaKi. 1171. A, 

.„.. iriH-Robarrp Walt, and 

Els. Aylirde : St. EKunii Bvkchurch. p 1. 

Mtem, (he ic daye paleil (d Alart 
PlymfT, (he iewrlkr vtc' Ian. i^u: 
IVivy fanr. Rxp., Henry VIII, p. ifi." 

jo'fiii Allardion, C R,, w Hen. VI. 

1718. Bapt.— Ann. d. Edward Allsid: 
Si. Jm. Cfcrkenw-ll, i. no. 

London, 7, o; Boilon (L'.S.X to, a. 

Allardy o«, AUardloa.— Local , 
' of AlUrdyce,' an estate in the 
pariah of Arbuthnot, co. Kincar- 
dine, N.B. 


■nd Gavin Vo 

AJUtt.— Bapt. 'the son ofEUiot,' 

q.v., the dim. of Ellis. 
Robot Aliot, i>7i. A, 
Waller AlkM, ibid: 
'Aljott de SynofldriOD held balT an 

iianr of land ' : De Lacy Isquliil 

Ij8r. Roberr AIIbiu, 


1587-S. William A llAi>ic and Marnnl 
Allan ; Maiiiige Lie. (London), i. 1^ 

LflndOD, 1. 

AUawoy.SUawny.— Bapt. ; v. 
Allvey, Atloway. This is a natural 
variant, the intrusive a being 
euphonic ; cf. Greenaway, Hatha- 
way, Ottaway, &c. 

1608. Edward Allp<"- ™ "■' • H" 
Unii - - ■ ■ 

.731. Married-J, 

ii. p.joi. 

-.„-. ,-hii I%ni( 

Elii.,AllBway, co. Bedf, : St. i 

^lliam LeMer nn' 
Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 3 


lairay : St. Gee 

AlIboD,AllboneB.— Bapt. 'the 

son of Alban.'patr. Albans; v.Albin. 
son. In the register of the parish 
church, Bolingbroke, Albans in the 
17th century is represented by All- 
hones in the 19th; v. Atlibone, 
AlbaD, and Albany. 

John Bordett. dF St. Allono, Wood 
SiiFFi, r647 : Rrg. St. Mary AWennary, 

I'ranc'ii ' Frnimore. oT St. Albonei 
Wood Sired' Reg. Si. Peter'a, Comhill, 

' ' Slol'n rron mine hou of S. Albonet ' : 
FaliufT, I Hen, IV, iv. 1. 
Wdldmui Allwwi, 1379:P.T.Yorka. 


a. Notfa.1 

1588. BapL— A'lban, *. +bol 
Sl W Clerktnwil, I. la 

Aniany Albon. or Mbota. «i 
B.A., Jan. r* 15*1-3: Reg. Univ. 


itiTT-R. I'^ter ITayei and Hary Alban : 
Marrfaee Lie. IWr.lmln.ic-i), p. 374, 
Loniton, 3, o ; MDB. (Lincok), u, 1. 

AUbright, Albreoht, Albert, 
Albertson, Albright — Bapt. 

' the son of Ailbiit'; in Domesday 
AilbrihL Albrecht is a German 
immigrant of much later dale. AU- 
bright is English. Albert, again, 
is ancient and modern. For other 
instances, v. Albert. 
EoHibi Ailbrit (alto Ailhric), co-Hnnta, 

Jnhn Albert, co. 
Waller Albert, c 
John AlbertMii, 

Alfei^ baUiff oT Yaimoaih, 

Allbut.— Bapt.i V. Albutt. 

son of Alcain ' (v. Yonge, ii. 350I, 
corrupted to Oldcorn in north 
England. I have one representative 
in my parish (Ulverston). I place 
all these surnames together be- 
cause it is impossible to separate 
them. No doubt both (3) and (i) 
have assimilated. In a general way 
Alchom represents the local, and 

RIcliatd Hakhein, co. Oif., tin. A. 

Euauce Eldcorn, n 


3. nma, ibid._ 

Stephan Alcorn, ci 
(a^ Local, ' of Alchome,' a manor 
in the parish of RotherReld, co. 
Sussea, where [he family lived in 
the 14th century. Some of their 
descendants, still resident in that 
parish, have, within a generation or 
two, corrupted their name to Alt- 

Tl.omai AIIco^^ 1774: Reg. Cant. 
John Alchome, T6go: Sl Uaiy Alder- 

London, 3, 1,5,0,0; Boiton (U.S.),nov 

Alloroft; V. Holdoroft. 
Allday, AlcUf.— Bapt. 'the 

son of Aldy,' a popular form of 
Aldwin, or Aldred, or Aldrich, or 
Aldus, or some other of the once 
popular compounds of Aid. But 
the probable ancestor was Aldwin, 
which was early modified into 
Aidwy ; v. Allvey, 

WilUan Aldwin, or Aldwy, co. Oif., 
U73. A. 

lui. Anne, d. of Nicholaa AMy: St. 
Antkolln (LondonX p. 3. 

1584. John Aldaye and Anne Cowper : 
MaWrage Lie. (London), i. Mi. ' 

London, >, o; Philadelphia, o, i. 

AUen, AUeine, Alleyna, 
Ann", Allin, Alland.— Bapt. 

'the son of Alan,' or 'Allen,' or 
' Aleyn' : Yonge, i. 396-7. 

'Aleynr, prORri liani«i Altutu' s 



' Fonh iroOi Alrin, Uir clfl-k, and aUo 
Jolin. '-Chaucer. C T. (oib, 

(The d in Alland m an excres- 
cence m in Simmondi.] Oneofour 
most popular names while sur- 
names were becoming hereditaiy ; 
said to have come into England 
with Alan Fergtfant, Count or 
Brittany, a companion of the Coi|. 
queror,and first Earl ofRichmond, 
CO. York. Very soon common to 
Dortli England and the Scottish 


Henry Aleyn. 1173- A. 

AJIiine BawJysun. V. 3. 

Ueyn F. 

■ noinu ui ^>»Hi. i-h 

The founder of Dulwich Coll., 
l6i9,was Edward Allen, or Alteyne. 

Derivatives, Allcock, All kins, 
AUnutt, and perhaps Allatt, q.v. 
Possibly an abbrev. of Alinol ; v. 

London,jji>,o,»,i7, S,i;PliilaiieJ|ihiiL 
511,0,0,11,1^0: B«loiHU.S.), Afland 
4, AUiDi. 

Allenby.— Local. Doabtlcss a 
modificalioD of Aglionby, q.v. The 
surname is found in Cumt>er1and, 
and the full title was cumbrous. 

i.sSi. Fminai Alanbye, co. CumL: 
»e!£.Ur'- "-' ■-' ■■■- -■■ 


— Thoinai Alanbir, co. Comb. : ibid. 
1741. UanirJ-lohn Alltnby and 
.Btlha Bantei: St. Geo. Chap. May- 

liDB. (Mk Ouub.), I ; London, i. 

Allenson, AUinaon, Alias- 
on.— (1} Bapt. ' the son of Allen,' 

Jobiune^ Alynwn, 1379- P-t. Yocks. 

Robemit Alaynwn, 

379: i 

id. p. 319. 

William AJkiiwii, co. Noif.. 

6ts- PF. 





(a) Local, 'deAlenfon 
mandy. Probably in so 
this is the true solution. 

in Nor- 
ne cases 

Robert de AleoKxi, 

Ric. I 

FF. Tiii. 

CO. N 

rf, ■>»: 

IS Heo. in : ibid. vi. I 

■heriffof Norfolk, 

William de Atencon, co. Norf., 6 Ric. 
Ill: ibid. ■>. 141. 

WillianiAlleDKn,a>.Norf.,i6i5- >b>d 

London. I, 6. o; Fhiladdpliia.o. 1,0: 

Allerton. — Local, ' ofAllerton,' 
a parish five miles from Koares- 
borough, CO. York ; cT. Northaller- 
ton. Also, a township in the parish 
of Childwall, near Liverpool. Also, 
a township in the parish of Kippax, 
W. Rid. York. 

Wiltelmui de Allinon, 1379: P. T. 



liobm Allerton : 

Si! jS ClrVkenwdL i. JJ-H 

1 761. Marrird— John A1I1 

Hill : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 

AUey.— (i) Local,' of the Alley,* 
i. e. from residence in a narrow 
passage ; M.E, aiiy and alley. The 
first instance I possess is that of 
a foundling, found in an alley, 
the name was an older one, of 
similar but more legitimate descent. 
The Hundred Rolls instances from 
Oxford and Cambridge seem very 
natural, just where we should ex- 
pect alleys to be found ; v.Twitchen. 

Simon de Allv, co. Lone, Hen, 111- 
E>lw. 1. K. 

Walter Allcve. CO. Our., 1173. A. 

John Alley, Jo. Camb.. ibid. 

■ fill. Thooiu Hamblrdon and Anne 
Alky: Marriaee Lk. (London), ii. 131. 

17116. Bapl.— Sarah Alley, a (oundling: 
Si. lohn Baplin, on Wallbiook (Lon- 
don), n, 17s, 

William Alice, of Lilcbam, to. Norf. : 

(a'l Bapt. Probablyin somecases 
Alley (a pet-name for very great 
favourites, Allen and Alice, q.v.) ; 
cf Charlie, Teddy, &c. 

London, 3 1 Boston (U.S.), 35. 

AlUray, Allfree, — Bapt. ; v. 


Allgood, Elgood, megood.— 

Bapt. ' the son of Algod,' a for- 
gotten personal name- AUgood, like 
rhoroughgood and Toogood, seems 
very complimentary, but it is with- 
out doubt a baptismal name, as arc 
they. [ see Lower says Algod 
occurs as a persoual name before 
Domesday (Pair. Brit. p. 6). 

William Alfod, 

Roliert AlgoM, i-. . 

Ralpli AJEod, CO. K< 

i^TcT RlcTard A 
Junn ! Mairiage Lie. 

157,1!. Jamailorion and lane Algood 
Karilaee Uc. (London), i. 66. 

Alfood and Sence 
.ic. (London', 1.4'^ 

Si '"" 

if, vicar o(Wykln. 
CO. Norf^ 1679: FF. viii. 3M. 

John Allcoode or Alf|;oiie, adm, B.A., 
lune.vx I44g: Rrg. Univ. 0>(.. voL i. p.4. 

TiW/ Marrief-Henry AVood and 
Hannah Lloyd : St. Gw.'Han.^. i- 301. 

London, 1,3,0: PhiUdelphia {U.S.A.), 

' AUbone,AlUbond,Alat>oiie, 
Allab AD d, Alleborn . — Bapt. ' the 
son of Alban,' or 'Albon ' ; v. All- 
bon. The i and a are intrusive for 
euphony, as in Greenaway, Hath- 
away, for Greenway and Hath- 
way; cf.OtUwayforOttway. The 
d in Allibond is excrescent ; cf. pro- 
vincial grmind for gown, and v- 

Alibnn Clipaam, co. Hnnta, 1173. A. 

Alibin de Wodchill, co. Willi, Hen. 
Ill-Edw. I. K. 

Lnke Alibnn, rector at Barih. co. ' 
Norf., 1631: FF. vi.438. 

Henry Allibone, 16^ : St. Peter's, 
Comhilt, p. 107. 

Hel line Allibone^ 1641 : St. Uary Alder- 
mary (London), p. lo. 

William AlbiMd, co. Soma., a Edw. 

Job Allibon, or Allibond, rellov of 
Mairdalen Collcf e, Oj^f.. 1687 : Mafdalcn 
Coif, and JamcTli, p, 169. 

1665. BuHed-Samuetl Allebond, ata- 
tioner, of (hit parish: Sl Dionia Back- 
church (London), p. 135. 

1671. Pcmpey AlTibond and Mary 
Ttlncy: Mairia^ Lie (WeumioncrJ, 
p. aoi. 

A book on the 'Cure of Con-- 
sumption' is advertiicd by the 
author, Edwin W. Alabone, in the 
Weekly Pulpit for May aa, 1887. 

Allaband and Alleborn are 
American variants. 

London, 1,0,0,0,0; Philadelphia, 4, 
0, o, J, 1. 

AUinghun.— Local, 'of Alt- 
ingham,' a parish in co. Kent. 

1791. Uanied— Allrn Alliniiham and 
Sarah Alkiiu: St. t^eo. Han- Sq. ii, 76. 

London. 5. 

AlUngton.— Local, 'uf Ailing- 
ton,' parishes in coe. Dorset, Kent, 
Wilts, Devon, and Lincoln. 

William de Allynnon, co. Soma.. I 
Edw. Ill: Kirby'«Qu«t,p, 171 

Peter de Alingrton, CO. Wi 
Ill-Ed. ■ ■' 

llti. Hen. 



WilliuDdcAUneian, ML Norf. 117:1. A, 

1575. Bipt^MMlulr,*.Hr.A11<aEt(xi; 
St. TGoidu the ApoMic (Londoa), p. 17. 

1687. Huiicd-GiliM Alllngton ud 
Ibujr Lnnn : Sl Uxry Aldermur, p. 3). 

Allia, AUlss.— Bapt 'th« son 
of Alice ' ; V. Alison (i). 

GocdIm.Bl.Aric*. CO. L1iic..(J73. A. 

Richird Gl. Alitr, en. SaloD, ibid. 

1571. C«rg< Hijiia asd A[iiea AUn : 
MuiiaEC Lie (Loodanl, L so. 

1675. Biipt.~HurrU Vmiun AlUi; 

'Enviu Anconn Alln, imileeri . . . 
oblit vicajmo, dodo die Ociobri* uno 
Hilaiia, iToo, uuii* mtt, 76': St. 
Nkholu, Yamooth. lee FF. li. 104. 

HDB.|Liacoln), 1,4 1 Pliilaikl|i(i£i 1,0. 

AUiooa.— BapL 1 v. Alison. 
Allhlna, AUohia, Alohin, 
AUUn, AlUna.— Bapt.'the son 
of Allen,' from the dim. Allikin or 
Allkin; cC Per-kin, Wat-kin, &c 
Hr. Lower suggests that it stands 
forHalkin.thedim.oTHenry. This 
view is defeated by the bet that 
Atkin has always been without the 
aspirate, and has always run side 
by side with its dose relation 
Alcock, q.v. Let it not be for- 
gotten that Allen, as one of the 
bvotirile personal names of the 
13th and l^lh centuries, must have 
bad its popular nick, and pet fonns. 
I have included Allchin and Alchin 
as variants of Allkin. But v. All- 
John Arkjn, 1306. U. 

1617. 'fhaaiiu Alkin and Mary New- 
IDUi; Uairian Lie. (London), II. n. 

1691. MarTwd-RkhaHAIkmai^aCao 
GiHn : St. Dioni) BMhchards p. 43. 

1754. ~ Richard Alkhia and HaiT 
ChaidW; St Geo. Han. Si}^^ I. u. 

London, i. s, 1, 



Allman, AJmotid, Allmond, 
Allman.— Local, or nick, 'the 
Alcmaund,' i. e. German ; cf. Fr. 
Udlimond : or still more locally 
* of Alemaigne,' i. e. Germany ; cf. 
Fr. D'Atmaine. With Almond ct 
aiiHotui'fliniaa, L e. a German fur- 
nace (H.E.D.); also under Almain, 
' the alm<md-ltttp*' » Gennan dance. 

■The / 

• Item, tke hut daie iKo*. ISS'} ! 


de to a iFMiileinao of Almayne': 

PrivT PuiM Eip.. Henrr VIII, p. 17S. 
Joho AUman, « Alenum, Iii6; CGG. 

WiUclmai AlmiD, 1)79: P 

Wiltiiuli Aienunnai. C 
' '. Akman, co. York. 

John 1= 

Robert AliDe"=,_™..-~u"., ../J. «. 
1581. Buried— Tbomaa Allmon: St. 
Honii Backrhurch, p. igS. 

-arlets oT Ccnwtn) <^ Suirey, HoaKbolS 
Book oF Qdnn Iiabells, 1158 (Cott. MS. 
Galba, E. ii>.). 

LibertmAlman, lector of North Reppi, 
CO. Norf.. .jB.iiF'F.Yiii. 154. 

i6ji. Thomai Minne and Saun Al- 
mond : MuriueLii:.(LondonXii.ll4. 

London, 1, & o, o; Mancheiter, t, 7, t, 
1; PhlladelpW 8,8.7,0. 

AUmark; v. Hallmark. 

Hancheater, t, 

AllnutL— Bapt 'the son of 
Alnot ' or ' Alnoth,' the A.S. Abiod. 

' Tbe BjuI Warm had alw> to-o can- 
ate* of land, which Ainod, a freeman, 
posiriKd in Kini Edward'! reign ' : PP. 

''■Alnolit, a freenun of Archbiri»p 
St>£and, «■■ Jkird in Kii« Edward'* 

Rockland bclone*d ' to Atnoth, Godiic, 
Ulketel, Uir, aniTWilliBn de Noen al 

the ConfciKir'i Siurey ' : ibid. v. 4S3. 

Bulham'. Manor in Sarliniham __ 
lODirnl to 'Godrlc the Sewer, and Alaot 
" 1^00 'iFF.T. 4*9;,., 


I, Salon, ihid. 


AilnMh Ancole, np. for D.CL., Nov. 
10, ijij : Reg. Univ. Oif. p. 89. 

As will be seen from the above in- 
stances, Alnot or Alnoth remained 
in use as a personal name till tbi 
1 6th century. 

Cicely Aloet, temp. 1580 : Viaitatiea o 
London. iCjiii. i«i- 

1787. Dew Brockett and Haniol 
AllDutt : St. Geo. Han. Sg. I. 406. 

London. 7; BoMon (U.S.), t. 

— Bapt, ' the son of Alot ' J query, 
a form of Eliot, with Eliota as 
fern. ; v. Elliot In the Ulverston 
Registers, co. Lane, the forms are 
AUetson, Aletson, Etalson, Elalt- 
son, ElletsoD, Eletson, all repre- 
senting the same patronymic Eliot- 
son; vJUIetsoo in Index trfRegiiten 

of St Maty, Ulverston. In any 
case the surname, with its variants, 
is of fontal origin. 

Alvoltde SjmondUan. AA. a. 

William Aloteiwne, co. Lane, IJJJ; 
JT Siil»id^_(R)rlandA 

Peier Allot, eo. CambJTbia. 

Adam Alot, 1370: P.T. Yorki.p.904. 

Richard Alot, 1370: ibid. 

1568. Bichanl Alleit. mp. for B^. 
>ec 17 : R«. Univ. Oif. I. 17,1. 

Thomaa Afot. rector of Brandoton and 
inlon, CO, Norf. : PF. liii. igo- 

1707. Bnried— Anne Allrtwn. a maid 
-a Idr. Winton : St Maiy Aldeimary 
(Londonl p. no. 

1781. Benjamin WililamiandMaraanit 
«nel»n ; St Gea Han. Sq. i. uv 

CiDckfoid, 4, 0, Ot o : PbiladEfphia, i, 
I, a, '• 

Alloira?, All&way. — Bapt. 

Ihesonof Aldwy'; v. Allaway and 
All vey, where A 1 way i s clearly iden- 
tified. From Alwny or Allway to 
Alloway is an easy gradation ; cC 
Ottaway or Greenaway for Ot- 
way and Greenway. Alloway has 
ramified somewhat strongly in 
America. But it arose in England. 
Ifo connexion with local Hollo- 
way; v, AlUway. 

I H» 

1 Elii. 

Allew»)re; ManiageLic. (London^ ii.4J. 

17B0. Uarried-^ViIliun Matlen and 
Mary Aliawnr ; St Geo. Han. Sg. <- 311. 

17I16. — Jamea Alloway and Batbaia 

AUproBB I Nick. ' the holy 

priest' (I) ; AS. Iialig, holy, from 
Aa/,whole. Whatever the meaning, 
the following entry refers to the 
ancestor : 

Tbomu Alpnat. co. Camb^ 1173. A. 

Thus -prist (priest) and not •firm 
is the suffix. The surname has 
always had cos. Cambridge and 
Hants for its habitat. There need 
be no anxiety as to the want of an 
A if Holy-priest be the parent Tbe 
Hundred Rolls (1373) in scores of 
cases ignore tbe aspirate. T}ie 
Cockney is not in it, judging by 
early registeis. 



AUBop, AUaopp, AllBup, Al- 
BOp.— Local, 'ofAlaop-en-le-dale,' 

■ chapclry in the pari^ of Ash- 
bourne, CO, Derby. The corruption 
'AUsup' is suggestive of universal 
pale ale ! The reason why Alsop 

United States is because several 
of the name were among the earli- 
est seltlei? there. 

WiUlan. Alupe, to. Canb., 1173. A. 

ElaaAlKpe,^ Cunb.. ibid. 

TlMOiai Ainp, 'irentlraiBn potytary' 
to Hen. VIII, 1538^ Privy Purae Kip., 
Frincoa Haiy, p. 78, and nnte. 

i6Jt John FntDCiH uid Uagdaico 
Al»p: Kuirikfe Ltc CI>ondonX U. 17, 

1611-1. Edward Alnpp and Anne 
Bark«; ibid.p.iao. 

i6,si. Banc—Elii.. d. Lcwii Al»npe ; 
St.|u,acrlcen»ell.i. iSo. 

loamli Aliopp (agid 14I Kttit oat to 
New finglindTn tht Ei;«b,.ih in |6«. 
Alio TlwiDHs Alaopp (a^red aa1. Auo 
Robert Almpp (aged iS). Holtea'a 
Uwta of Kmieninta, pp-58, tB* 134. 

I-ondoa 7, 3, I, Si Phibde'pliia, i, 

Allured.— Bapt ; v. Alfred. 

AUver, Alvey, Alway, El- 
Tey. — Bapt. ' the son of ^dwy,' 
a fontal or personal name long ago 
forgotten in England, but it lives 
to-day in several patronymics. Of 
aome land in So merlon, co. Nor- 
folk, it is said ' the Conqueror had 
granted this to Alwy de Tctford ' 
(FF. xi. IK). 

* Rofer Bifot had a ainali tenare at Ihr 
Survey, held by • freeman of Aiwi, in 
Kin?Edward->reini': FF.iL iw.»]. A. 

Aldwy ad PonteiD, eo. OiC ibii. 

WilKam Ahjwy, co. OiT., lUd. 

Walter Bluy, co. Oif., ibid. 

Siephea Alwy, Lonilon, ibid. 

15M. Ralpli Alway and MaiyBylby: 
Uaittage Lid (Faculty Office), p. 3. 

1561-1. Thomaa Alite and BHi. KtHthe : 
UuTiage Lit (Wemniiuter), p. 1. 

1599. MatTied— loliDAIwayeand AniM 
Polte : Preaibufv Ch. (co. Chertett p. 141. 

1681-1. John White and Susan Aylwey: 
Marriage Lit (Faculty Office), p. 159, 

London, 3, 4. 3, 1 ; PhiUdelphw, o, 

'AUwTlgbt, Alright. — Bapt. 
'the son of Aldrich.' Mr. Lower 
su^ests Awl-wright, a maker of 
awls. The origin is obvious enough. 
It is a mere corruption of Alderich 
(now Aldrich and Aldridge, q.v,), 
thus: Alderich, Alrick, Alwright; 
cC Woolwright for Wulfric (v, 

Woolrich), and Kenwri^t for 

William Alridit, co. Bedf., Hen. IIl- 

A good example of the inler- 
mediate form is found in the fol- 
lowing instances : — 

iTJO. Married— iaaac Simpion and 
EliL Aldwrifbt: St. Jai. aerkenwell, 

'"johi Alriefc, vicar of Si. Peter^a, 
SooHieate, Norwich, iraj : FF. iv. Ii6. 

1765. Manied-Wi]liiuiiA!lwriDhtand 
Mary Claikaon : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 146. 

London, 10, o; Ledaham, YorkL, t, o; 
Philadelphin,!, o; BoatonlU.S.), c^ 1. 

Almond, Almo&da.— Local ; 
v. AUman. 
AlmedMd. (t) 

Avnea Almadeed, 1563 : Ree. Brood 
CballK, CO. Wil^B. 

Alpe.— Nick, 'the Alp«,' i.e. 
a bullfinch. ' Alpe, a biyde ; fici- 
Jula' : Prompt. Parv. 'Alpes, 
fyuchca, and wodewalcs': Chau- 
cer, R. R. 65a Alpe has existed 
as a surname in co. Norfolk for 
six ccoturies ; cC Finch, Sparrow, 
Nightingale, &c 

Atpe,CR., SEdw.IIL 
Alpe, CO. Norf., i«3- A. 

Alpe, abbot of Laniley, co. 

Noif., 1488: FP. I. 150. 

1570-80. Thomai Staanton and Heater 
Alpe: MoniJ.Ee Lie (London), i. 93, 
MoiyAIpe, of Bumton, co. Norf., U 
FF. VI. 33S. 
■ - 9. Edwi 

"WDB. (Norfolk^ VrLondon" 

Alatoad.— Local, 'of Alsiead. 
I ouinot find the precise locality: 
but v. Halstead. 

Matilda . 

Racer de AlHcd, •». Line. 

. A. 

I, I ; Philidelpbia, 

Alston, Alatone.— Local, 

Alston,' a parish in i^o. Cun 
land ; a chapeliy in the parish of 
Aahburton, co. Devon ; a town- 
ship in the parish of Ribcheatcr, 
CO. Lane., Sr.c. Also Alstone, a 
hamlet in the suburbs of Chel- 
tenham, and a chapelry in the 
parish of Overbury, co. Wore. 

HenryAtiton, caCamb., 1173- A. 

Robert Abtoo, co. Camb., ibid. 

Ralph de AlkaCoD, co. Salop, Hen. Ill- 

1614. Edward Abton and Sanh 
Hosaey : MarTiage Lie (LondonL il. 147. 

1664. John WiltewTanga and Clan 
Alitonc : ibid. p. lay 

London, 11, a; Philadelphia, 5, i. 

Altobame.— Nick. Possibly 
from the high and low range of 
voice. But see legal 'alto el huso,' 
the submission of all difierences, 
high and low, to an adjudicator 
(Bailey's Diet, 174a), 

Peter AJto-baaae. O. 

Ambler. — Occup. 'the ambler,' 
one who looked after the ambleis io 
his lord's stables J one who taught 
horses lo amble. Lower says ' le 
Ambleur, Fr., an ofBcer of the 
king's stable,' Almost akin to 
Palfreyman, q.v. This surname hu 
ramified strongly in Yorkshire. 
' And nony fai palfny aniblant ' [Le. 


King Alitannder, 3461. 
UDt£r taily ahe aat^ 


Among his other duties the ambler 
broke in horses, L e. taught them 

St. Jat Clerkenwell. L 

1656-7. Harried —John Key« and 
Hartlia Ambler : St. Dionii Backchnreh, 

London, e; Weu Riding Conn Dir^ 
3$; Phllaifcl|jila. iS. 

Ambrey, Amberson. — Bapt. 
'the son of Amery,' q.v.; cf. Em- 
berson end Embery from Emery. 
The b is intrusive, as usual after m. 

Ambrose, Ambross.-'Bapt. 
■ the son of Ambrose ' : Fr. Am- 
broise. No doubt the fair amount 
of popularity obtained in England 
for this fontal name was due to the 
great SL Ambrose, Archbishop of 
Milan. The Church would not 
readily let his name be lost in 
obscurity (v. Yonge, Hist- Chris- 
tian Names, L 346). Ambroai is * 
tamiliar Italian surname. 



WUKun Ambron, co. Sedf- riTi. 
Robert Ambra*, co. Hmlm, ibia. 

RIchud Ambnine, co. Hot It, ibiil. 
HenTT Ambnii, co. Oif- ibiJ. 
1S6}. bpL-jDliiuiF^ d Wiltiuo Am- 
bma : Sl Ju. Clctlunwelt, 1. ^ 
1641-3. ZicbuieLusbcnandREi 

1739. MajTied — Joarph Maltrant . 

Ambrou AmbrciK: St. Geo, Hu. Sq. 

London, S, i ; Philaddphia, 15^ o. 

AnwlOt.— Bapt 'the sod ol 
Any,' from Ibe double dim. AdI' 
el-ol {v. Ames and Amyot) : cf, 
Hamelol from Hamo, or Hew- 
el-ot from Hugh or Hew ; v, Ham- 
let and Hewlett. 


onten, C. R,, 11 Ed«. I. 

Ameredittu— Bapt. ■ the wn of 
Meredith,' Ap-Meredilh. Lower 
spcaka of this name as slill exist- 

Hcrcnlei AmerFiklhe, nb rorB.C.L, 
Oct IS64 ■■ Rtfr. Univ. Oar. i. 156. 

IJI8& Lewn Ameredetli, at. Dcran: 
Reg. Unh-. Oif. vol. il. pt li. p. 148. 

■(SB-g. Ednrd AnKridelh, co. Uetoii ; 

Amery, Amary, Amory, 
Ameroon.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Amery' or 'Emery,' <).v. ; commoD 
to both sexes. Other variants were 
Americ, Almeric, and Almaric. It 
was decidedly popular. In the 
Italian dress of Amerigo it gav« 
title to the great western conti- 
nent. The United SUtea has 
restored the feminine form in 
America, not an uncommon font- 
name for girls. I see in the Boston 
Directory, ' America Anderson, 
widow.' However strangely this 
may read, ' 


KDgcr Amoiarr, co. Bedf., 1.73. A. 
Amcncu BoliitariaL £. 
JohBona £1. Americ, 1379 : P. T. YotIu 

Ameria Hend Wyf, ijra : ibid. 
Americ Bivlon. ■ w6. U. 

Kit, tJDTnlllir. 

Ainanr Clarke, widow, (pplit* for 
ean oTpay doc to her hmband ' ; Mar 
i«S6| Cal. State Papen (Dom.). 

Wor<np.ror&D.,ApTil 10,1561'! RiE. 

Uni.. Orf. L ,4s. ^ '^ '^ 

I77i>. MBnHe<l— Vllllani Rkkiuid Han- 
nah Ammerr : St. Geo. Han. Sq. p. 303, 
17S1. — dwrlaWadknrandEriBbcth 
Amory: ibid. p. 311. 
London, 11,0,0,0; Bonon (U.S.), 1,1^ 

AmeB, Amies. Amis, Amiss, 
Aymes. — Bapt. 'the sonaf Amys,' 
or 'the son of Amy,' with the 
patronymic s. ' Amye, Amy, pro- 
pre name : ^mia ' : Prompt, ftirv. 
The origin is the same. But Amice 
or Amys seems to have become 
the popular English form of the 
O. F. Aim^e, just as Piers or 
Pearce came to represent the O.F. 
Pierre. Perhaps the Latinized 
forms had something to do with it. 
The two first entries occur close 
together, and probably refer to the 
same individual. 

■Willisra Bl. Amye. co. Lint, liM. A. 

William 61. Amice, co. Line ibil 

Adam Amy^ cok Camb.. Ibid. 

Robert Amyi, co. Canbi, ibid. 

Amicele NcSik, CO. Hunt!, ibid. 

Hach GL Amicie, co. Lioc, ibid. 

Alice fil. Amicir. co. Suff.. lUd. 

John Ami 

f., ibid. 

Amicia, Amise, and Ami- 
occur as personal names 
without surnames in the Hundred 
Rolls, 1373. 

Amii de Seli-e., co. Kent, Heo. 111- 
Edw. I. K. 
Amia de Rydefor^ co. Line., ibid. 
The form Amiss in the London 
Directory is met by the entry : 

'Greffory Ainyv, or Amtg«e, BUp. for 
B.A.. jSy la. ijif : Reg. Uni*. Oif.7. 139. 

Al»: 1766. ThnnaaAmin and Eleanor 
Cadman : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. IJ3. 

In the United States the form is 
all but invariably Ames. Amice 

■Ames continued as a girl's fontal 

■me till the i6th century. 

1540. Buried — Ameia An«ln, Mr. 

nith'i maid : St.Anlholin (London), p. 1. 

The family of Ames in the Regis- 
ter of St. Dionis Backchnrch is 
founda3Amycs(,p.8), 1576; Ames 
and Ammes (p. 130). 1690 : and 
Amis (p. 33), 1697. In the Regis- 
of St. Michael. Comhill, the 
le is ollen found as Aymes: 

.-03. Bapt.— Daniel, son of Geor^ 
Aymea t p. 104. 

tondon, >S- *. /. I, o.; BoKon {V.S.), 
6i,o,<VO, o; Philadelphui, 9, 8, 1,0, o. 

Amflia.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Amilis.' This name seems to be 
extinct. It has long been for- 
gotten as a fontal name, and so 
iar I can find the surname no later 
than the i6th century. 

Robert fil.Amaine, CO. Canib., 1171. A. 

Amflii de Roldiatoo, co. NotUL >ten. 
Ill-Edw.l, K. 

Henry Annflia. CO. Camb., IJ73. A. 

William Aunflii, CD. Camb.. ibid. 

lobn Amdeys, co. Noff., 4 H«. VIII ; 
FF. .. 374. 

\V illiam Amilya. mayor of Lynn Rcfia, 

Amabil G1. Emme. J. 
Thornai Amible. CO. Caml 

Amiaa, Amyu.— (i) Bapt. 
' the son of Amias ' ; v. Ames. (,3) 
Local, 'of Amiens.' 

Amiae de Colehal. co. Baclii, IJ73, A 

WimaiadeAmyai,3oEdw. I. R. 

RobcrlilcAmiM, Hen, Ill-Edw.l. K. 

Honore de Amyena, 1373. A. 

Men:atore4 de Amiaa, ibid. 

iy«H of Stotiidon, m. Salop, 
cnl Ceitificates (Cbea. an^ 

John" Am^"'''^'^S'oI''^'^- ^ '^- 

i<53i, t^ond. AmTM and Anne Athill : 
larriage Lie. iLondon), ii. 20a. 
MDS (Norfolk), o, I. 
Amlson, AmBOH. — Bapt 'the 

Geoffrey £1. Amice, co. Line, 30 Edw. 

John A 
Ituj; Fl 
Lane) p. 



cia alle Were, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
HI; Kirby-sQneslip. 146. 

TheAmsons of co. Ches. all de- 
scend from Ameson. 

Hurh Ameaon, co. Chei. 1.117: Bail 
ChealSre, i. .75.^ 

• f6S. Married — Mathew Amaon and 
Apiea Strettone : PrtMhury Ch. (Che»- 

-lolin S 

lale and Ellen Ame- 
1, of Cotton, Cheahire, 

-Offic. ■ the am 



i.e. almoner, a distributor of alms 
in a religious house or household, 
'Was Jesu Crist ammoner ) ' 1300, 
CuraorMundi, isaig. 'DrFoithe 
Kynges Ainner made on eloquent 
oracioD in Latin': 1548, Hall, 
Chron, 79o(H.E.D.). 

Sha 1c AnniniKr, C. R.. .ii6 Hrn. III. 
illiaiD h Aoiuuer, Fine* Roll, 14 
Edw, II. 
Richard Annioner, Co. HuBK 1173. A. 
Afain le AnmaKr, co. lync. ibid. 
WilUim AuiDoner, co. NonhampC, 10 


: FF. Jt 

it or Uilehuii, o 

o. oii., ibfci. 

Amor, Amoore, Amore.— 
Local, ' at the Hoor.' Abbreviated 
to A'Moor; cf. A' Beckett, Abrook, 
A'Wood. &C. 

John Allc Mnr, CD. Korf., 

Adam Ale M. - -> ' 

Oliva Ate More, w. uii., idio. 

John Amonr. C. R., 10 Rkr. II. 

<ln 151EL Richard Amore, of Norwich, 
pries', gave 3 icrei ' : FF. v. loH. 

1766. Married-IoJin Amor »nd Ann 
Hoinud : Si. Gw. Han. Sq. 1. 1 s.s. 

17A7. — William Amor and Catherine 
R'«bcl; ibid. 168. 

London, S, a, 0; New York lAnuin').!. 

AmoB, Amoss.— Bapt. ' the 

son of Amys.' Without doubt a 

the great popularityofAmice. The 
name of the Old Test, prophet waa 
unknown in the T3lh century. 
There is not a single trace of its 
existence. Amos, like Amii 
Amyas, represents popular forms 
of the Norman-French Aimie, or 
Amys, now generally known as 
Amy ; v. Ames. I do not suppose 
there were any Amos's previous 
to the Reformation. This variant 
has arisen since the Bible, in the 
vulg:ar tongue, became familiar to 
the people. It is simply imitative. 

Thomii Ara]% eo. Soiui., 1 Edw. Ill ; 
Kirby'i Quetl, p. 200. 

i6;;-8. Aaron A 1 ■•^••- ° 

Lwidoo, 10, 1 ; Fliilaifelphia, 31, < 

Ampfalett. — Local, 'of Am- 
lleet,' one of many local names 
found on the cast coast of Eng. 
land, from Durham to SulTolk, 
vuhich have -flirl for their suffix, a 
shallow creek. I have not yet 
identified the place. [Since wiltiog 
(he above I find my statement as 
to suffix confirmed, but not that 

ilatiugto thelocalily. Mr. Lower 
quotes Lambarde's Dictionary : 
' Amflete, Amfleot, ct aliis Ampleot, 
a haven in France, as I gesse, 
near Boloigne'; v. Patr. Brit. p. 8,] 

1516. Robetl Amflet. mayor or Lynn 
Regii, CO. Norf. ; FF. viii. 53J. 

1517. William Amflete, rector of West 
LeihuD, CO. Notf. : ibid. i. 5. 

i6qi. Bapt.— Elii., d. loteph Amflill : 
St laa. Clrrkenwell, i. 345. 

logj. — Sarah, d. Joseph AmjAleete; 
ibid. p. 36.;. 

1797. Ilarried— Edward Weigh and 
UaryAmphlettiSt-Ceo. Kao.Sq. iLi63. 

LoEidon, a. 

Amps. — t Bapt ' the son of 
Ampe.' This has been a Cam- 
bridgeshire surname for six cen- 
turies. , It is possible that it is of 
local origin, but there is no local 
prefix in my references from the 
Hundred Roils, and the patronymic 
form Amps (cf. Williams, Jones, 
Wilkins,a[c.)is confirmatory proot 

Richard Ain[ 

Ekna Ampe,' co. Cam 
1567-8. WlllUiii Smeeiiie 

Ampca: Marriage Lie. iLom 
,6n'i. Thomas B™« 

Amps, CO. Camb.: Marr 

(CsiHirbnry), [l 335. 



John Am|M and Ann Jones : 

Amyot, Attiyatt.— Bapt 'the 

son of Amiot,' from Amy, O.F. 
Ame or Aimic. dim. Ami-ot. We 
find Aimie in north England at an 
early period in the entry : 
Amya del St^de, 1379: F. T. Yor 

cralao: Ammya de Wydecombe, 
Soms.. lEdw. Ill; Klrby'iQiieM,p.i 
William Amiot, co. 0»f., U73. A, 
Amiot de Poniefnicio, DD. (». indei). 
Waller fil. Amiot. GG. Iv. indn). 
1364. James Amotl 1 Wills at Chester 

ifiii. Robert Amott, of West Derby 

ifiai. John Amut, cd. Etsn, and Elli. 
Wood : Uarriage Lie. (London), ii. 11 


o; Crockfanl,o, 

; Liwf^ 


Anoell, AucUl, Assail, Ansel. 

-(i) Bapt. 'the son of Ancel,* 
vhence dims. Ancelot and Ancelin; 
'.Lancelot and Lancelin, (3^ Bapt. 
the son of Anselni ' (». I merely 
iuggest this as a possibility. No 
doubt the final m io Anselm might 
be easily tlropped. But of course 
(i) is the true and natural solution 
in the majority of cases. 
ADKlI'deSeleden,Hen.ttI-Bd«.L K. 

Ansellos dc Biarlem, ibi 
13. Buried— Ansell 1 
is Backchurch, p ' 

154^ Buried— A^JI fionyam: St 

onis Backchurcfa, p. iSr. 

1667. Nowcll Ansell and MifV Snipe : 

irrikge Lie. (Westminster), p.M. "^ 

i693.^ried— John Ansell, rfNom-icb: 

it. Jas. ClerkenKfcll H. 173. 

London,!. 1,17,0; Boston(il,S.),c^a,»,3. 

Anoocsb.— Bapt. 'th« son of 
John,' a vile variant of Hancock, 
q.v. ; cf. the Common United Stales 
surname, Arrison. It is interest- 
ing to note that Ancock is found 
in the county which had so close 
a connexion with .the Flemings, 
who introduced Han. Hans, &c. 

Annis represents Agnes j v. 
MDB. (Lincoln), 3. 

Andarson, Anders. — Bapt. 
'the son of Andrew,' q.v. It was 
of irourse inevitable that Andrew- 
son should become toned down to 
Anderson. Even Andrews has 
occasionally assumed the form of 

Rogeras Andreweaoo, 1)79! P. T. 
Yorks. p. IJ7. 

Martin AnndcnaD,i4<)5, York*. W. 11. 

1611. Richard Anderson and Elii. 
Hawkins : Marrlafe Lie. (London), ii. 8. 

1769. Fmlerick Anders and Mary 
Hamper : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 1S5. 

London, 13B, i\ Boston (U.S.)^ 97t, I. 

Anderton. — (i) Local, 'of An- 
derton,'a township in the parish of 
Standish, CO, Lane. There seems 
to be ■ second Anderton. Samuel 
Oldknow, of Hellor, was ■ bom at 



Aadertou, near Bcriton, in Laoca- 
shire, Oct. 5, 1756, . . . and exub- 
lished a larg« mualin manufactory 
at Stockport in 1784': v. East 
Cheahire, ii. 54. Probably, how- 
ever, the same place is meant, {a) 
Local, 'of Anderton,' a township 
in the parish of Great Budworth, 
CO. Cheater. 

Peter Anderton^ of Anderton, 3 Etit : 
Bane*' Lane iL t&g. 

Williain Anderton, of Little Lever, 
1S90; Wlll«alChe«er(iM5*i530i, p. 4. 

Jamra Anderton, of Bniy, 1609: ibjit 
1661. BaK.— Jane, d. CKrlKopher 
Anderton; St. lat Clerken«ll, i. in. 

nieef-Tliomas A 


; London, a 

Andrew, Andrawes, An- 
drews. — Bapt. 'the son of An- 
drew'; V. Anderson. This name 
waa very popular in the 13th 
century. As the Dame of the 
patron saint and knightly cham- 
pion of Scotland, as title of the 
primatial see, no wonder that the 
Scotch have tried to monopolize 
Andrew, and no wonder that An- 
derson has followed Scotch em IgTB- 
lioD till Canada and the United 
States are flooded with it. But 
Andrew was very popular in ita 
day in England, as our Andrews 
can testify. In any case, as an 
apostolic name it was bound to 
be popular all over Europe. 

Willelmiu Anderewe, 1379: P- T. 
Yorkt. p. 219. 

Roben Andm, co. Camb., 1173, A. 

Nicholu Gl. Andrer, Co. Salop, ibid. 

John Andre, co. Comb., ibid. 

HeotT 61. Andi', co, OiT., ibid. 

Norf., lyi^ r?^*^ 

Lie. (London), ii. 7*- 

Ang^ Angell— (i) Bapt.'thc 
son of Angel '; in later days An- 
gela and Angelina. For the full 
history of tbia once-popular name, 
V. Yonge, i. 106-7. ^c Puritan* 
could not oust this name, though 
bitterly hated by them, 

164J. Baried—Ancela Borce: Cai 


-Angel, i. Sir Nicholas 

-Weymouth, March ID, 1611. E; 
rr New Endand, An^ell liollanu, B«ea 
[ jreATi ' ; HDtfen'l ^nigianU, p. 385. 
(al Local, 'at the Angle'; v. 
Angle. Host probably the source 
of the majority of our Angels and 
Angells. The font-name was un- 
known in England, so far as I can 
discover, in the i3ih and i4lh 

id Anne Palmt 

Robert Angel, 7 Ju. I, eo. Norf. : FP. 

l.iJTS. Michael Anecll, co. C.Iimc : R«r. 
Univ. Oif, vol. 11. pi. ii. p. Bo. 

1618-9. lohnAnf^llont- ■- 
Marrla£e Lie. (Loitdon), I 

i66t. Roben Melliih and Franca 
Ani^Jl: Marriage Alleg. (CanlerbnryX 

iTJi. Married— Jama Aniel and Ann 
LoH-nda : St. Geo. Han. Sq. 1. 46. 

London, 9, fs; Philadelphia, 3, 1; 
B«lon (U.S.), o, ij. 

Anger, Angler, Aungier.— 
(i) Bapt.-the3onofAunKer.' This 
is the probable origin of most of 
the variants found in modem 
du-ectories. Devon, ibid. 
Robert Agnger^ Kirby'i QneM, p. iSd 
Ro)ter Anger, co. Somi., 10 Edw, III : 

'Angiet de la Strille, a French ner- 
duDt, priaooerat Dover, Uay i%. K64': 
Rec Office CaJ. Suie Papen iDoiDcUic), 

(a) Local, ' of Angers,' a city of 

Hagh de Angier*. I. 
RoCeit Angler. XX. 
Inbella Anger. H. 

'A quarter of a fee in Bumha'n hell 
WiHiam Angre ' : FF. v. 346. 
'John Angcre, parton or Sootba? 

163,3- John Hercy and Mary Aonj 
Mamage Lie- ILoiidon), n. 21%. 

1703. Oorj; Angicr and Jodith I 
manr: ibid. p. 318 

L<iBdc«,o,5, 1; Bo»«OB<U.S.),o,i 

Angle.— Local, 'in the Angle,' 


'Go, run, search, pry in every 
nook and angle of the kitchens, 
larders, and pastries' : The Woman 
Hater, i. a; v. Nangle, and cf. 
Heme and Wray. 

Henry in the Angle. C R., 8 Edw. t. 

Alice in Angulo, co. Oif., 1175. A. 

Roger in AnguJo, co, Coinb., iLiid. 

The English portion of the An- 
gels and Angells in the London 
Directory are probably from this 
source: v. Angel. 

Elia* Angel, 1179: P. T. Torka p. au, 

1570. Bined-lbnyetl Angetl, vn ot 
Ur. Angell : El. Dionii Backcbnnli, p, 191, 

1711. Married- John Angil and^Ejii. 
Beale : SL Anlholl^n (London), p. IJ7. 

1744. BapL— Thomai, aon of GeoTEr 
AnEle : St. Michael, Comhill, p. 174. 

London, 1 1 B»ion (U.S.), 1. 

Angold, Angood. — BapL 'the 
son of Angold ' or ' Angod.' 

Nicholoi Hanegod, eo. Soma., t £i1w. 
HI: Kiibr'*Qn<!it,p. 198. 

John Angod; CO. Soma. 1 Edw. Ill: 

' ri^sJiffil. Angodi, eo. Oif., Hen. Ill- 
Henry Angod, CO. Bocki, 1 153, A. 
Richard Angot, co. SoC, iWdT 
Slrphen Angolde. vicar of Rowdhani, 

CO. Nurf.. isBq: FF. i. 43J. 

Lnodon, 1, o; MDR iNorfolk), 1, o; 
Cambridge!, o, ;. 

ADgUiBh.~Locat, 'of Angus,' 
N.B. Although most of the in- 
stances occur in co. Norfolk, it will 
be seen that they are of compara- 
tively modem date. They repre- 
sent an immigration from the north. 
There can be no doubt about the 
origin. It is simply imitative, as 
was tlie custom in spelling or even 
pronouncing suriumes. 

DaTid, BrlorAngiir<he(AngiuV Visi. 
tationefYorkihire, 1561, p. ilE 

Blubeth, Countiaa of Anguyah t ibid. 

' Item : to mr lady Margaret Angnib)ie 
. . . forto dtiportc lier wihall thitT:hriu- 
mai, ,£6 ijj, 4^.,' D.-c. 1530; Privy 
Pane^., Henry Vllt. p. gS. 

Richard Angunh, reclor of Scaminj, 
CD. Norf., 1639: FF.i. 44- 

William Anruisli, gent, died July 6, 
1668, Norwich: ihiAfv. 3^5. 

Thoraa* Angaiah, of Norwich, 163J-. 
^^litation of London, 1634, p. 317. 

1740- John Angnlih and Deborah 
Topper ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. i, 43. 

'^Villlam Angaiih appeared m cosrt at 
defendant': Uonchenet Bveaing Hail, 



Angwin. — Local, 'the Ange- 
vine,' an immigrant from Anjou. 
Although birly common in mediac- 
I'tU registers, this surname barely 
survives. It has obtained a footing, 
liowever, in the United Stales. 

M«nricikAnK»vii>r, CO, Oif, u^^. A. 

Re^nald le Anfevinf , co. Oxr, ibid, 

GeoffravleAnnpnryn. L. 

Cilbertui AnKevinu,' PTpc Rbll, ; 

William AnzcwTiw, Ctoie Roll^ 14 
Hen, IV. 

' Oamand held iL undn- EuiUchiai, and 
WMo AnEi-vin ■Fter Ounciiid, beini liii 

ln«w»n.^\c. for M.A.. Jane. 




Anker. — Occup. ' the anker,' 

an anchorite or hermit; see next 

'.Sometime I am relijiiain, 
Now like an anker in an honi.' 
Cbanccr. R, R. bjiS. 
The following is imitative, the 
second instance probably being 
the name of a foundling, discovered 
at an inn styled ' the Anchor.' 

l6j4-<:- BapL— Edwar.!, ■. Jihn An- 
chor : Si. Dionii BackchDrch (LondonX 

1717. Buried— Mary Anchor, a poor 
tWId -. St. Michael, Comhill, o. i6(, 

MDB. (CambridjeX a ! (Oiefoid), 3; 
Philadelphia, J. 

Anbennoj).— Occup. 'the an- 
kennan,' i.e. the servant of the 
anker or hermit, now generally 
Styled an anchorite; but ancrt was 
the earlier form. Cf. Uatthewman, 
Honkman, PriesCman, Vikerman, 

' An anchor'! di«r in priannbrrnjracope.' 

William Anckerman, 1 jTg : P. T. Yorka. 
p. 17. 

My one London Directory in- 
stance deserves to be set in full : 

'Ftedrric Ankerman, boal.naker, 77. 
PronMt St^ Hoitcn.' 

Probably h is a misreading for k 
in the following entries ; 

Lock ye ABherenronan, London, 
H'Si.A. i.^*i3 

ibid. p. 4l6. 

I, I.andaD: 

Ai>k«ttle, Ajiket«U.— Bapt. 
'the son of Amketel,' eagle caul- 
dron ; Aiiettle, q.v., is but an- 
other form of the same name. Both 
are compounds of ' Kettle,' q.v. 

173- A. 

The Horman form wasAnskettk ; 
V. Oskettle. 

Wllliani, mm at Aiuchrtilliu, taoj 
1109; Llncotnahire Survey, p. 6. 

AnKhrtilhiideEgheline; lbld.p.i(. 

Robm Amkd}'!, co. Somi., 1 Edw. Ill 
Klrtiy'a Qneat. p. ji t. 
. Roj^ Anketyl, co. Somi., i Bdw. Ill 

John Anketni, of Shaflon, oUlt i6ia . 
Vbilsliiin of London, 1634. P, it. 

Francii ADkelill, of HolboTnc, living 
1634: ibid. 

I dare not say this surname is 
extinct in England, for 1 find one 
in Crockford ; see, however, Ans- 
kettle and Arkettle. 
Philadelphia, c^ 4 ; CrDckfon^ o, t. 

Annable — Bapt. 'the son of 
Annable,' a corruption of Amable ; 
V. Hanniball. This surname U 
well represented in the United 
Simoji Anoablc, vicar of Hemllngton, 

bell: ManiaireA1|p|r.|CantcrbDry),p.qo. 

1711. Manitd— ToTin Daw and Mary 
Annable: St. Antfiolin (London), p. 134. 

1736. Baried^Mra.EliiabethAnnable: 
St.¥«er'fcCo™hill,p, iw. 

Derhy,3; Borton (ll.S.). .0. 

Annan, AnnandalA. — Local, 
'of Annan' or 'Annandale,' a 
parish and dale in co. Dumfries, 
through which the river Annan 

I7D1. Bailed— Sarah Annaod: St. An- 
Iholin (London), p. 1 16. 
Cf. Simmonds for Simmons, or the 
provincial goamd for gown. 

London 3,0; HDB.(Noitlinmberland}, 

London 3,0; HDB.(] 
0, > ; Fhiladelphii, i, a 


nin, Annlnff.— (i) Bapt.<thesan 
of Ann,' from the dim. Annie, 
' Pay me, mod he, or by the awrtc Sdale 
Anne.' Chaucer, C. T. 7193. 

(9) Bapt. 'the son of Agnes,' 
popularly Annis, Annes, or Annas. 
The variant Anningson is curious. 
and seems founded upon some early 
dim. Annin, with an excrescent^, 
as in Jennings ; cf. Partison and 
Patlinson. In general (3) must be 
looked upon as the parent of all 
these names. Annis was the popu- 
lar form of Agnes from the t4(h 
century downwards. 

'Annyi; pnipyr name (Anne™ H.. 
Annyce, F.)— A)[nei' : Prompt. Porv. 
AniihLake: Rce- St. Colooib Major. 

^nla Thrine. 1606: Rer. Broad 
Chake. eo. Wilta. p. 41. 
Anniie Temvell, 1613 ; Canierboiy Cath. 

Aiinii Briltanie, 111)5 : Sc Hary Alder- 
mary (LondooX p. IS- 

All these cases are feminine, and 
represent Agnes. 

Jamea Annyun, 1687: St. Mary Alder- 

liaac. I. Fraiicli Anniun, 1660: FF. 
Iv. KS,(, 

ifiilS-7. Peter Klnge and Mary Annyi : 
Marrian Lie (London L ii. 48. 

Loncfcn, 1,1,0,0.040.0; MDa (Nor- 
folk), 0. J. o, 1, o, o, o; (Lincoln). ., I, a, 
o, 1, 0, o ; iBuroiey. co. Land Am 
i; Philadelphia, 3,0,04 1, o, », 1- 

Annore.— Bapt. 'the s 
Alianore,' popularly A 
whence later Nora, or Norah. 


o. Camb., ..73 


Edw. I. K. 

Annott, Attnotaon, Annett, 
Annette- — Bapt. ' the son of 
Anne,' dim. Ann-ot; v. Anson for 
many instances and fuller history. 
' An net, the common gull, so 
called in Northumberland ' : Hallj- 
well. Ko doubt taken from the 
once popular dim. of Anne, es- 
pecially popular on the north-east 
coast of England. Annot Alyface 
is B character in Ralph Roister 
Doisler, by NichoUs Udall, written 
about 1550. She sings : 


■W«k, Tibet; work, Anoot: work. 
Saw, TiSn : knit Annat : apiii, Mar- 

L«t u SEC who will vrla the victofy.* 
Dodsky'i OM Eneluh Plays, id. 71. 

'Peter Annct <i69}-i7(i9S ielMal 
writer, ii laid to have b«n born at 
Liverpool in 1693 ' : Diet. Nat. Bioi', Ii. o. 


: ibid t 


ifi RicIL 

id. p. 1S4 



□nmifBOn, rector of Bdfelield, 
™. iw.ij i«8: FF. in. jSa. 

170;. Bnried— NicholaaAnett: St.John 
BaptiM on Wallbmok (London), p. 196. 

1717. — - Richard Annelt : ibid. 

>7Sl. Henry Aonetti and Muy Bngv : 
St. Ceo. HaiL Sq. i. 311. 

17S6, Edward Annett and Elimbeth 
Panom: ibid, p. ^g^. 

Loodoo, 0,0, 1,0 i NewYork,!^ O.S.'' 

Aoaell— Bapt; v.AnccU. 
ATHfalTYi — Bapt. 'the son of 
Anaelni.' This pergonal name was 
decidedly popular in iCa day, and 
ir it has no reprcScntativcB in our 
modem directoriea, the explanation 
is simple ; they have become incor- 
porated with our Anaells ; v. Ancell. 

«. Kenl,iUd. 
Hnnti, ibid. 
1643 : Feacock'a 

Ida and Cavaliera, 

Antelm le Forrai^ 
Anaelm de GyK, c 

An&y LLftt of Roondl 

1679- Jame* Cotter and Maiy Anjelnw: 
Martia([e Lk. (WcxtDtiniter}, p. 997, 

Aiisk«ttle, Askettle, Aabell, 
AbUU, Alskell, Aokel.-Bapt, 
'the son of Anakeltle,' or 'As- 
kettle,' or 'Askell' (ketUe as a 
suffix always became kttl, till, or 
tU). Anikeltle (a variaot of Os- 
kettle, q.v.) was probably a Nor- 
man introduction. For other in- 
stances, V. Astelt. 

Rotert Aiketil, CO. Sonu;, i Edw. Ill: 

lG!wrt%^£utKi, CO. York. W. IL 
Aaebetilka BardcL Z. 
. locdan Aiketil, eo. Suff., otj. A. 
Peter Aikjl, 10. Camb., IbkL 
WUIlMD /UiF'iL n 

Simoa AtkeieL 
(orf., ij6i : FF. 1 

Rofrer Aiketil, 
o. N^^ 1391 : ibi 

a Dt Boyton, cu. 

It of Raodwortb, 

„ „ A^ell, widoM: 

iiy Aldennary (LondonlL p. 3. 

and Annott. 
1767. Married— iMac Anon and Judith 
Dean : St. Geo. Han. So. i. 161, 
London, 6; Fhiladelpbia, 10. 

AnatM, Aiwtey, Anstle, 
AuBty, Anstloe, AnotlM, Aq- 
Btiss.— (i) BapL > the son of Anas- 

tasia,'rrom the nick, Anstie and An- 
slice. 'Anstiss, Aostisb Ai>styce, all 
occur frequently as female names 
in the older pages of a Devonshire 
parish, where Anslice is now a 
surname' : Yonge, i. 0501 

An.ley Mankymyll, iSJO ! Reg. Univ. 
0»f. <v. Index). 

• ";: Reg. St. Colomb 

iaaithict of John Naiukevell, 

"XniM Ha^, widow, buied, itiiS: 
ibid. p. J07. 

Amtia STTnoni : ibid. p. 154- 

Anitii Thomai : ibid. p. 3c. 

Sampson Anitiea, tnatried, 1709: Ibkl. 

]ofinAn«iH7i7, co.Norf.: FF. ¥,317. 

John Ansteye, 1613 : St. Mary Alder- 
maiy (London^ p. 15. 

(a) Local.'of Anstey'or'Ansty.' 
Parishes in diocese ofPeterborou^, 
Sanim, St. Albans, £xeter, and 
Worcester, This will concern 
Anatey , Anstie, and Ansty only. 
Anstice, Anstis, and Anstiss are 
undoubtedly to be placed under 



o. Camb., (a 

Richard de Anetfy, Lcndon, 
Henty Anny, vicar of Gi 
NoTf., i3B<S!^FF. 


17II5. Manied— John AnMlce (co. So- 
meiKil and Uary Selby: SI. Geo. Han. 

l^nJon, J. 6, 3. I, o, o, ; Crockford, 
o,3,o,ai,o,i; Pfiiladelphia, r, o, 0,0, 
1, 3, □; UDB. (Somenet), Anticc, 7. 

Anstruthar. — Local, ' of An- 
struther,' in co. Fife, N.B. 

'William de Candela held the banmy 
of Anatmlhcr, ia co. Pife^ atnat 115), 
His crandtui Heoiy appear* lo have 


1690-1. Jonathan Com plan and Francea 
AnBtmther: Marriage AUeg. (CUnter- 
bnryX p. 171. 

Antliotiy, Antony, Antonl- 
Bon. — Bapt. 'the son of Antony'; 
the k is inlnisive. 'Antony, propjrr 
name,.4«/0HtKs'rPrompt.Parv, The 

name had become fairly popular in 
England iu the I3lh centniy, as 
having been borne by the great 
hermit of the 4 th century. He 
was the patron saint Of the swine- 
herd, and ' as fat as a Tantony pig,' 
and ' to follow like a Tantony pig,' 
became proverbial expressions; v, 
Yonge, i. 3061 Hatliwell, i. 67. 
' 1 have behest a pygge to Saynt 
Antony'; v. Prompt. Parv. p. ag, 
and note by Way. 

John Bl. Anton' co. Lint, l«J. A. 

Alice fit. Anton', Co. Honls, its. 


1716. Marri^-^eonre Bn)iiiii"anil 
Apphia Anthony ; St. Wchael, CorabiU, 

i.Jindon, ^ o, o; Pbiladelpfaia, 24, 1, o. 
Antlll.— Local, 'of Amptfaill.' 
I owe the suggestion to Lower, 
and doubt not it is correct. The 
corruption was inevitable. Cf. 
Amphietd, or AnGeld, a hamlet in 
the parish of Hursley. AmplhiU 
is a market town seven miles from 
Bedford. The surname in its cor- 
rupted form is better represented 
in the United States than in Eng- 
land. A single glance at the 
two forms below will settle any 
doubts as to the true parentage of 

>. Uartied-Jolm U( 

d Joa 

Si. Thomai the ApoiUe (London^ 

^ 1*606-7. William Hamei and Fidoda 

AmpthiU : Marriage Lie (WeatmioMetX 

11^ Malihiaa Lodge and Prances 
Anthill: ibid. p. 179. 

1734. Uonied-John AnthiU and Jone 
Bait! RcK. Siounnn, co. Willi. 

The second entry practically 
settles any doubt. 

Londois 5; MancheRcr, i; Philadel; 

,y Google 


Antlooh. — Local, ' of ADtioch '; 

ef. Vcaess, Janeway, ftc Pro- 
bably imported as the result of the 
Spicery trade with the East. 
Codarrl de Aniiochc, ShsiS of London, 

Nicbalu Aniiodi, tJDQ. M. 

Robot de Antiodia. B. 

I cannot dbcover any modern 

Antllff, AntcUS; Antcllffia. 
— Local, 'of Arnctiff,' ■ village 
and pariah, W. Rid. of Yorkshire, 
sixteen miles north of Shipton. In 
l^cal names, whose suffix is -diff, 
there is a teodency to elide the 
c; cf, Ciinliffe or Topliff for 
Cundiff and Topcliff. This sur- 
name has crossed the Atlantic. No 
doubt the meaning is the eagle-cliff. 

'niamu Amedyff, 1379! P. T. Yorka. 

^ t ;4i Harrifd-Loke AnlcLiff and Marj 
Tallancc; 5c.Gn>.Chap.Uavrair, p. 114. 

Uii-emon, 1,0,0: Uanchater, oT I, o : 
Bo«[on (U.S,X o, o, J. 

Anton, Antolno.— Bapt. -the 
Hon of Antony'; Fr. Antoine,Ger. 
Antoo, ME. Antoyn. Of courae 
many of the United States repre- 
sentatives are of French and Ger- 
man extraction. 

Robertui Anioynsofi, iato: P. T. 
Yoritt p. jfis. 


AntrobUB.— Local, 'of Antro- 
bua,' a township in the parish 
of Great Budworth, co. Cheshire. 
Apart from tbe well-known (iunity 
of that name and place, many 
Antrobus's may be vxa in L' 
Lane, and Cheshire direi^lorii 
They may represent junior branches 
of centuries ago or separate stocks. 
This surname has crossed the At- 

160a- 1. Tbona* Antiobni, cj. Comb. : 
Rw.Unir. Oif. TOl. H. pt.-- ' 


itTobus, of Over Peovc 

11 Antrobua 'imbarqiied i 


Ibc Plants' ' for New Bnglud ; Hollea'i 
'^jDJeranEM, p. 4J. 

1660. Georire Antrobai and Anna 
PimnkUn^ MonuEe Lie (WutminSa), 

LoDdoB, 4 ; Hascbeiler, 5 ; Phila- 
ddphia, i. 

Aavon. — Local, "of Anvers, 'i.e. 
Antwerp. This surname seemingly 
did not last long. I find no repre- 
sentatives during the last three 

Ralph de Anven, co. Oxf., 1173. A. 

Thooiu de Aoven, co. Betlu, 10 
Edw. 1. R. 

Anwyl, AnwelL— Bapt. ' the 
son of Anwyl.' This is a Welsh 
surname, and as at least ninety-five 

of its nomenclature 

baptismal, I feel bound to plact 

under that class ; but I have i 

with the name in early recor 

1704. Muried-Ellb Anw 1 and f 
cilJa Ryder: Si. Geo, Han. Sn. ii. no 

MDB. (m, MoDlgomHy), J, o; 1 
Diohii[h\i.o; (co.tlinli, 1,0: (co.C_. 
nimwi), I, o; Londan, 1, ; Liveipooli 
I, 1 ; Philadelphia, 1,0. 

Anyon. — Bapt. ' the son of 
Eignion ' or ' Enion,' a Welsh sur- 
name ; V. Benyon and Eynon. 

1640. John Aanjon aod Martha 
Lownda: Harriave Lic.fLondonV ii.353. 

164S. Harried -Rreinald Baxter and 
UiTiha Annion •. Sc Thomas the Apoitle 

Carried— David Willianii and 
FiuiceiAnyoD: St. Geo. Han. So. li. 6' 

MancheKer, 1. 

Ape. — Nick, ' the ape.' For 
reason that can be well understood 
this surname has not come down 
to modem times. ' Wilde beris 
and apes,' 1350 : Will. Palerne, 
3998 (H.E.D.). 

John le Ape, CO. Oxf, 1373. A. 

Alured A^ co. Norf., il>ld. 

Aplln, AppUa.— (i) BapL 'the 
son of Appoline.' Tlie homily 
'Against the perils of Idolatry' 
says, ' All diseases have their 
special saints as gods, the corers 
of them : the toothache, St. Appo- 
line.' This was tbe usual English 
form of Appolonia, a martyr at 
Alexandria, who, among other 
tortures, had all her teeth beaten 
out It was a popular girl's name, 
and survived the Reformation. 



1593. Bapt— Apdine, d. John Uonii, 
clothworker : St. Peter, ComhllL 

l6o«. — Apoline, d. William Bonon, 

ipcoionia Cotton. TT. 
Aplin Thomoi ; Rtg. St. Colnmh 
Major, p. 174. 

(a) Bapt 'the son of Abel,' from 
dim, Abelin, sharpened to Apelin ; 
cf. Apps for Abbs, or Epps fur 

Thomas Abeljrn, CO. Kent, 137]). A. 
{3) Bapt. ' the son of Lyon.' a 
Welsh personal name, whence the 
pair. ap-Lyon. This undoubtedly 
became Applin, and represents the 
Applinsofcos. Somerset Hereford, 
and south-west England gcnertilly ; 
:r, Applejohn.>4:wYll, itgo: Hiu. and Ani, 
of Si. Davidi, p. 37(i. 

lonedahlTAplyon: VinCationorClonir., 

.754- Anne, d. of Edmund Aplln : St. 

1801. Harried— Samnel Raraiey and 
Elii. Aplin : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. ii. 17'. 

London. 5, > ; HDB, (ii>. Somenet), 
3,0; BoBon(U.S.X 3, 31 Philadelphia, 

Apperly, Apperlsy. — Local, 

' of Apperley.' (i) An extra-paro- 
chial district in the parish of By- 
well, CO. Northumberland ; (a) a 
hamlet in the parish of Deerhurat, 
Co. Glouc, near Tewkesbury. 

de Appui, CO, Oif., 1173. A. 

The above entries seem to prove 
that Apperley, in co, Glouc., is 
the real parent 

London, I, o ; Boatoa (U.S.), o^ i . 

Appleby, Applebea, Appel- 
bee. — Local, 'of Appleby,' parishes 
in COS. Westm., Lincoln, and Lei- 
cester. Many local surnames end- 
ing in by are now found as btt, as 
this dictionary proves in various 

CeolTnTdeAppe1by,co.Linc- i>73.A. 

John de AmfcW, -^ ' TJln™ .,™ 

Norf., 1S7»: Fl^.i*;' 

John de AHitel7, tncar of Ttloey, 1; 
[orf., 1J71 : eF. ii. 83. 
Thomoa de Appleby, Biriiop of Carlult, 

Henry da Apelby, 1367, rector vl 
Bolton -JDXta.Bowlaad : Wbiltoker'a 

Johannei de Apfileby, 1379! P. T. 
Yorka. p. ag6. 

, Google 

Sarah Appel- 

1630. Mamed— Roerr Seracton ■ 
M>nc Apleronl : St. Dionb Backchni 


1614. WIlliuD Browne and Ruhel 
AapUbv: Haniue Lie (London), " 

bee; Si. Geo. Hu. I-, ^,. 

t'mdon, vx t, I : PtiUulelphiL 3, 1^ □ ; 

Appledora.— Local, ' orApplc- 
dore.' Parishes in diocs. ofCaiiler- 
bury and Exeter, 

WilKam aiie Apeldor, CO. Soms., 1 
Edw. Ill : K<rby't Qoat, p. 377. 

Geoffiey Awirdore, co. Cw., iijl- A. 

Snlcombr (Devon), i. 
Appleford.— Local, ' of Apple- 
ford.' A chapeliy in the parish of 
Sulton Courtney, co. Beris. 

LaciadeApc1fbrde,ca Comb.-uTj. A, 

WiUimm de Surf, iUd. 

Pa|ran de A^^lford, co. Ewkj^ to 

Seracton and 
" ■ ■ irdi, 

1760, Benjamin Appleforde and Blixft- 
beth naroit : St. Geo. Han. Sq. L 185. 
London, 1. 

Applegtuth, Applegata. ~ 

Local, ' of the Apple-garth,' apfiU, 
and garth, an enclosure ; v. Apple- 
yard. ' Appelle-garth 
Cath. Angl. This sui 
now generally found as Applegate. 
Geoflrevde Auxlgarth. K. 
WilDaiD Aplsnrt, «. Norf. : FF. ii. iiol 
Ralplide AM]ianl,CD. Baeka, 1171. A. 
Kobect dd Apdrargh, co. York, ibid. 
fUbb Ie(de) ApeJKiit, co. Buckm, ibid 
mtjiard dc Appefgart, temp. Stephen, 

Robert' del' Anwliaith, 10 Edw. 11: 
Fnemai of Yorii, L 16. 

This last is a second enliy of a 
name instanced above. 

1769. Mairied— Robert Applenle and 
Mai; Crouch : 5|. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 185. 

London, :>. 6; PhiUdelphia, o, 33. 

Appleman.— Occnp. 'a seller 
of apples'; ef. 'apple-monger: 
/otHtiiiu't Huloet, 155". 

Nicholaa Appehnan : CkiM Roll, 16 
EAw. HI, pt. if 

Philadelphia, i. 

Applethwaite, Ablewhlto, 
Applewhite.— Local, 'of Apple- 
thwaite,' a township in the parish 
of Wii<l«rtQ«re, co. Westmoreland. 
With Applewhite, cf. Hebblenhite 
for Hebblethwaite. 

i6to. Married— Tbonaa Applewhahe 
and llaiy Pead : St. Dionii Backdnlch, 

''i'^. BBried-Blib Apfdewhiiai ibid. 

'1679. ^^J tU Ah. Densii Boree, a 


•ervanl belaBein|[ to Ur. Henrf Anile- 
white in the Ketdi Praneroiu for Vir- 
^niq'; Hottcn'aLialiof G4ni£rant>,p.351. 

AppletOD.— Local, 'of Apple- 
Ion.' Parishes [n diocs. of N'orwich, 
Oxford, York (3), and Ripon, The 
meaning is obvious ; app^ or appil, 
apple, and ton, a town, an en- 
closure ; cf. Appleyard and Apple- 
garth. Manyplaccswould naturally 
acquire such a litl& There are 
townships so called in cos. Lan- 
caster and Chester, 

Thomasde Appeltoo, CO. Oif.iiTt. A. 

Wydo de Appellon, co. York, ibhT 

WiHeLmas Sk Appilton, 1379; P. T. 

ReeiniJd de Apnllon, nctor of Plilcham, 
eo.Nbrf., 1360: FF.viU,4i7. 

WtlUiin de AppleUHL reclor of Tilcb- 
weil, ™, Untt., iij6 : ibid. i. 107. 

Mabel Apuhon, Noiwicfa, 14S6 : ibid. 

1604. ChHslopher Applelon and Mary 
Lovelane: Marriage Lie (Weatminner), 

'''1^7. William Appellon and Mai; 
Steele : MarriaR Lie. (LondtniX ii. 309. 

London, 77 ; Fhiladelphia. 35. 

Appletree— (1) Local, 'at the 
apple-tree' ; cf. Plumptree, Rown- 
tree, Crabtree, Ac. 

(a) Local, 'of Appletree,* a hamlet 
in CO. Noi-thampton, seven miles 
from Banbury. Ofcourae the origin 
is the same. 

154S-9. Simon Appntlre and Arnca 
Rndyck : Uarriate Lie. (Faculty Office), 

i6ii->. John Anleiree and Sonn 
Hodtei: MarriBKe Xic. (London). Ii. II. 

I TtOk Muried— J ohn Appletree ai 
Wjlch ; Si. Geo. Chap. Mayfaii, j 

MDa (Northaniplr-- - ■"-'^ 
Philadcli^ia, 1. 

Appleyard. — Local, ' of the 
Appleyard,' from appU, and yard, 
OT garth, an enclosure, an orchard. 
' Appullyerde, or gardeyne, or 
orcherde : Potturium' : Prompt. 
Parv. Evidently a familiar word 
all over the kingdom for an orchard; 
cf. Applegarth. 

NiebolajdeApdyenlco.N'oif.,1371. A. 


m del Appilyerd, 1379: P 

K^^ota de Appiiyerd. ibid. 

AUcIa cM Apc^rd. ibid. P. 91. 

Bartholomew de Apinlyerd, bnrnaa foe 
Norwich, 40 Edw. Ill: FF. ill. 101. 

William dc Appiiyerd, bailifi of Nor- 
wich, 1386: ibid, p. 116. 

Thoouu Appleyeard, temp. Elii. 2X. 


1619. Leonard Staler and Gra« Aple- 

yard: Mairiap- Lie. (WcatminMer), p. Ji. 

1760. Married— Jonathan Dadroiif and 
Ann Appleyard : St Geo. Han. Sq. I. 91. 

London. S; West Ridlnir Conn Dlr- 
16; Boelon (U.S.), 1. 

Applln ; V. Aplin. 

Appa BapL ' the son of Abra- 
ham,' or 'Abel,' from the nick. Abb, 
sharpened to App ; cf. Eppa for 
EU>5, Hopkins for Hobkina, Hopps 
for Hobbs, &c But it is only fair to 
suggest that App may have been (he 
nick, for the 13th century popular 
name of Apsalon (Absalom). Apps 

luld then be the patronymic. I 


' for ( 

merely throw it out for considera- 
tion. There can be no doubt that if 
Apsalon be cast aside, then Apps 
stands for Abbs, q.v. — Since writ- 
ing the above I have come across 
the following entry : 

ThoTDU atte Apae, co. Soma., i Edw. 
HI : Kirl>y-i Quest, p. 174. 

This, of course, is a local sur- 
name, and may share in the parent- 
age of Apps. This would be by 
residence beside the apse of a 
church ; cf. Galilee, Porch, &c. 

i6<8. Baried—Mary, d. Thomas Apa : 
St. IM. aerkenwell. iv, 3.J. "^ 

10^ Bapt Thomai, a. BoiliHBe Appa: 

1^7. Married —Thomas Barker and 
Elii. Appa : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i 401. 

London. B. 

Arbuokle, ArbnokeL — Local, 

acorruptioDof Harbottle,q.v.; and 
found, like Harbottle, in Che neigh- 
bourhood of that place. This sur- 
name has crossed the Atlantic, and 
is Spreading in the United States. 
Newcastle, 1, o ; Philadelphia, 9, 1. 

Arbuthnot, ArbuUmotL— 
Local, 'of Arbuthnot,' 'a parish in 
Kincardineshire. The first of the 
family was Hugh dc Arburbothe- 
noth, who assumed his surname 
from the lands which he acquired 
in iiojwith the daughter of Osbert 
Olifard, and on which his descen- 
dants have resided for more than 
twenty generations' : Lower's Pat. 
Brit. p. 10. 

1751. Married- Robert and Ana Ai^ 
bnlhnot (sic): St. Geo. Chap. Mayfait. 



1751. Married— Anthonr DaDirrt ind 

MurAitHiIhiuiI ; Sl.G».Han,Sq.>.43. 
London, 3, d; Bouon (U.S.), o^ 1; New 

ArohbelL— Bapt ; a camiption 
of Archibald, q.v. 

Wa(R>diDEConrtDir.,ii NewYork.i. 
Arebbrag. — Nick, 'a great 
braggart.' Arch — chier,asin Arch- 
deacon, Archpriest, q.v. Also cf. 
' arehewives ' : Chaucer, C. T. 9071. 

Edw. I. R. ^* 

Bn Anhbng|rc, Co. U'stm.. Itnd. 

Arohbutt, Archbold, Arohl- 
bold. — Bapt. ' the son of Archi- 
bald.' These three are simply 
variants ; v. Archibald. 

i<(67. Bdward Biwke end Alice Arch- 
boM: MarriacE Lie. (London), I. jj. 

ir4j. Mamed— Anthony Sten-jut and 
El>i.An:libonld: iDid. 

I7T1. — Eliaa Archbold and Bridiret 
Dardii: St Geo. Han. Sq. i. aij. 

London, 3, o, o; Newcaxle. Ol 1, d; 
New York, 0,5,0; PbiUddphia, ^ 1,4. 

ATohdeoaon, AriMdeokne. — 
Official, 'the archdeacon.' The 
name still survives, and not long 
ago I saw it over a batters shop. 
' Daniel Archdeacon was recom- 
mended to the king for his services, 
1610': Sute Papers, 1633-5, PS45- 

Siite recently some member? of 
e Archdeacon tarn ily ha ve ad pted 
the mediaeval Arcedekne, 'not 
wisely, but too well.' 

PP. It 186. 

Jobaane* Areheddien 
P. T. York., p. 14s. 


Adam Eitxdeknr. 

Kkhard l-EtGedekne. V.«. 

17s I. Married— John ATcbdeacon and 
Uary WilUamKn : St. Geo, Chap. May- 

l7W.PeIerAn:hdeacon and Ann Clark: 
Sl Geo. Han. Sq. i. 386. 

London, 1,0; Halifax, 1,0: LevptpdoL 
1, OJ UDB. (ca Norfolki o, 1 ; Bo«on 

Apoher.— Occup. 'the archer,' 
a professional bownuui ; O.F. 
arcMifr. The arbalesterwas a cross- 
bowman ; V. Alabaster ; cf. Bow- 
nan, Bowmakcr, Fletcher, Flower, 

J, Drnm, Hen. III- 

Rlchard la Ar^ter, 00. Wilu, Ibid 
Tlnmaa le Archer, co. Derbjr, 1173. 

Edw.l. __ 
John te Archer, CO. Yorli 

Pann le Arcbier. R 
Culin le Archer, co. Heref., 4.( Hen. III. 
Gilben, recior of RidlMBwih, 

dby A 

>. Norf., I 

.rcber, im : FF. i. m. 

1567. Married— Roberta Gamett and 
.Ivcc Archrr : SL Hichae], ComhiLt, p. 9. 

Londan, £3 ; PhiUdFlphia, 46. 

Aroherson.— Bapt. ; v. Aitche- 
on ; not the son of the Archer. 
Liverpool, I. 

Archibald. — Bapt. 'the son of 
Archibald.' German, Erchanbald ; 
O.F. Archambault; Italian, Arci- 
baldo. Miss Yonge (ii. 355) adds, 
' So frequent was it (Archibald) 
in the houses of Campbell and 
Douglas, that, with its contractions 
of Archie and Batdie, it has become 
of the most commonly used in 
Scotland, recalling many a Gerce 
Cat downwards.' Archbold, Arch- 
, and Archbould are modem 
English forms of Ihi 
Archbold, Archbutt. 

In. le Flem>-n( 

L "k." 

wrer Arkebald, co. Camb,, 1179. A. 
LicTiard Arkeboll. co. Camb,, iiiid. 
iTilliiini Erceband. 44 Edw. 111. F. 

_:icbard Archebold, tav. for ED., Oct. 
TO I4si ! Rqr. Uniy. Oif. i. 14. 

I>i!7. ManTed-lahnArchemboldoiid 

Archambault is common in Phila- 
delphia. Twelve representatives 
appear in the directory. This is 
the result of French immigration. 

London, 1 ; BoBon ^^J.S.). 11. 

Archpriest. — Official, 'the 
archpriest,' a chief priest, a vicar 
to a bishop, later a rural dean ; v, 
H,E.D. The term was in use 
in the tith century, for Smith, 
the 'silver-tongued' preacher, 
speaks of ' priest, or priests, or 
archpriests, or any such like ' : 
God's Arrow against Atheists. 

Roeer le Archepral. T. 

Willian) le Ercbepreure : FInei Roll. 
II Edw. I. 

Ardema, Ardsii, Ardrou.— 

Local, ' of Ardeme.' The present 
representatives in south-east Lane, 
directories preserve the spellings, 
at Arden and Ardr«n are frequently 

found in the records of the family. 
They residedat Harden HaU, near 
Stockport, and are reputed to have 
been an early branch of Ihe War- 
wickshire Ardemes ; v. East 
Cheshire, i. iGi. 

Hekn>edeArderne,ii7i; FF,viii.34i. 

John de Ardeme, 1390 ; Ea«t Chohir^ 

Petrr dr Arderne, tJTO: ibid. 

Jordan de Arderne, co. York. 137J. A. 

Ralph de Ardem, ca. Line, ibid. 

The di was dropped about 141K1. 

William Ardrm. of Timperley, eaqairc, 
1584 : Will, at Ch«ier{i54S-i6«H. p. ,■!, 

Maiy Ardem, of Slockpolt. 1619 : ibid. 

John Ardeme. mayor of Stockport, 
1314 : East Cheahirr. I. M7. 

1666. Willian Ardreoe and AIke 
Smith: Marriage A1ie[, <CanteibDiT>, 

Mancheuer, i, 1. 1 ; Philadelpbia, o, i, 4. 

Argent, Argenttne.— Local, 

' of 'or ' from Argentan,' a town in 
south Nomandy. David de Argen- 
tomagowasa te nan l-in-chief under 
the Conqueror in cos. Bedford and 
Camb. His descendants were 
ennobled as Barons Argentine 

Richard de A r^entelft, CO, Herts, tJT J. A. 

Re^nald dc Ai^ente, co. Eiaei. ibid. 

John dc AqEtntcTn. P 

■ ' le Argmtein, co, Noif, 1.6s : 

FRTgi: " 

Giiea de AnFenteiii co. Norf., 1181 : 
ibid. )6e. 

John Arg)eailne,tninorit^«n. for B.D,, 


ne, minorite, Mp. for I 
t. », i44Q I Re|[. VtayTOii. i. s. 

i,^ji. Heniy Poikjn and Sleilr 
'»■— ■ "arriace Lie. (London), I. 51 
inCin^ temp. >6oa: Vliiiwit 

arDorectditre, 161.1, p-gS, 
London, 10, o; nn^adelpbia, 1. o. 

AtIb, Arias. — Local, 'ofArras,' 
a town in Artois famous for the 
manufacture of tapestry. Not a 
vulgarism for Harris. 

itOT. ' Drapa d'Arrai't Will of John 
of Gaant in Nicholi' Roral Willa, 136 

[(36. 'Claithiiof arreiandtapeairda': 
Belkndene. Cron. Scoll. jL <6(ibld.1. 

itfa. 'One bede coiennjre of Brln 
WDrk^,8«': Ridimondihin WilK L t6l. 

— ' Grant to John Bikn, irtaHnaker, 
of the office of mak« and mender of the 
king's doOu and pieces of arm and 
tapoUT with lid. a dar for wigea"! 
Materials for Hldof? of Reirn of Henry 
VIL p. 1S9. 

Robetl de Arrai, London, im. A. 

Uallhew de Aru, Loodo^ ibkL 



RalplideAnu,™.SiU(Hi,3oBdw. L R. 
Robert de Arru. N. 
Richard de Arru. m Edw. I. B6B. 
Thoma* Ai™*,co,Vork, isto. W. ii, 

1776. Mamed^Thofnof Cofnn and 
Sirah Ani> : Si. Geo. Han. Sji. j. 

i76r. — Edwird Aril «nd Uarr 
Cockerill; ibid. p. loi. 

17H7. — Edward Arin and Ana Bar- 
bere : ibid, p. 406. 

The Boalon Directory has an 
entry u follows: 'Roger S. Arras, 
walcbman.' This is much nearer 
the original than the modem Eng- 

London, 5, .. 

ArkettlB, ArkeU, Arkle, 
ArkleM, ArkooIL-^BapL 'the 

son of ArkeleL' Norsk, Arnkjell, 
eagle cauldron ; v. Yonge, ii. 983. 
One more compound of Kettle 
(q.v.) contracted to ttU, bill, or iU. 
'Archill revolts against WiUtam' : 
Freeman, Norman Conquest, iv. 1B6. 
Archil de Corefarigge: Pipe Roll, s 

Siino^lil, Arklil. B. 

RocerArkeul, w-Honlt, 117J. A. 

Wmiam ArkelJ, co. York W. a. 

Atkill, (MI dT Ecgfnd: Symeon of 
Dnrham (Sun. Sot), v. indn. 

Alicia Arkill, ijjg: P.T.Yorkip. 

RuHDirilL Arkill, im.t : RRR. p. 

Archil da Bouccrame, temp. 11 

i6j6. Edward Fmman aod Ell 
Arkell: Mafriige Lit (Wettmin* 

^i;6o. William Paltmui and E 
Arkoll : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 93. 

London, o. 6, Ol i,s: Lt-*---— . 
S : New Yorfi (Arkell). 4. 

ArUiiBt&U— Local ; ' 

— Occup. ' a maker 
of arks'; v. Arkwrigbt. 
tlma Aikmaker, 1379 : ?. T. Vorki. 

Arkwrlght.— Occup. 'theark- 
wright,* a maker of aris. This 
article of furniture was a north 
English mBnufacture, and the sur- 
name originated there. The aik 
was the old-fashioned meal -cb est. 
'When thiacom to ihe knihl waiiold. 



Tale of 

In an inventory <^ household 
goods, dated 1559, are mentioned 
' one tnisain bed, with • teatter of 

yealow and cfaamlet, one old arke, 
old hanggers, of wuU grene and 
red,' &C. : Richmondshire Wills, 
p. 135. Twenty ycara earlier I 
find Ihe contents of a 'mylke 
bowse ' including ' an arke, a tuh, 
a stande, a chyrnc': ibid. p. 4a. 
In the same book a sheep is be- 
queathed to one Henry Arkwright, 
p. 155, note. 

William Arkwri(;ht, fayler, 1561 ; Pres- 
ton Guild RolK f. 30. 

John ArkwrifiVK, nF Branehton (Fur- 

CrDckford,a:PreiioD,G^ Philadelphia.!, 

Arlett Occup. for Harlot, a 

fellow, a servant. 
' A Bhtrdy harlot wente hem ay behind.' 

Chaocrr, CT. 7336. 
' He wai a geniil borlol, and a kin<i.' 
ibid. 649. 
Professor Skeal connects Charlotte 
with this word, and refers to 
Arietta, the reputed mother of 
William I; v. HarlottSkeat'sDict.)., 1173. A. 
ariel Arlo^ «. Camb, ibid. 
John Harlot, co.Camb., Hen. IIl-Edw. 

' lj6S. Married — Bartholomew Arlett 
and Elii. Tellam ; Su Geo. Han. Sq. i. 177. 
i7g<;. — WKham Arlett and Etli. 
ThoroEOod: '^''^ - — " 

horoEOod: ibid. p. 379. 
Loodim, 3i Fhiladelphia, 1. 

Armentr&rnuiiid.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Armund '; cf. Rayment for 
Raymund, or Garment for Gar- 
mund. The true English form is 
Aniline or Armyn ; Fr, Annand ; 
Dutch, Herman. 

ArmwidiM Is Cawer, eo. Ljnc, Hen. 
III-EdH. I. K. 

Armand de Anavi, 134S : FP. i. 356. 

Londoa, 1, □ ; Philadelphia, 5, 3. 

Armer, Ann«rar, Armour, 
Amior. — Occup. 'the armourer,' 

'Armnrera and Arowsmythil,' c 1400: 
Denr. Ttoy, v. IjW (H.E.fa,). 

armej or weapont ' ! Colgrave (H.E.D.), 
John Ainiourer, mayor of RUing, co. 

Norf., IJ43 : FF- '■- 5»- , 
Gay le Aimerer, co. Oif., 1173. A. 

Adam 1« Armerer, 1307. M. 
Uarion Armourer, co.Vark. W. 18. 

lS6»-3. Baried — Syr John Arnierar, 
parwHi of thnpaiiabe: St. Dionla Back. 
chnrcli, p. 190. 

Armlnger, Armiger.— Offi- 
cial, 'armiger,' an armour-bearer, 
a squire. This became Arminger, 
just as Potager became Pottinger, 
and Hessager Messinger. Thus n 

Radulphua Nonioanill and Alida nior 
=m "-mipH: 1379 : P. T. Yorka. p. (a. 

Nicholaa Armiger. E. 

leiTry Arminger, lemp. Elii. Z. 

Thomas Arraijcer, of BeaconKhorp, co. 
Norf, im; FF. vi.35+, 

1634. Edward Ariinget and Air Bodi- 
delirUirriage Uc. ILondon), ii. aiS. 

■ 746, Married^Roben Armiger and 
Elii. Bnnbnr? : St. Geo. Han, Sq. i. 38. 

London, 3, ; I^iladelphii, o, i. 

ArmlDSon, Armaon. — Bapt. 
' the son of Annand ' ; v. Annent 
Armandson would easily vary to 
Anninson, and this to Annson. 



ArmlBtoad, Armstead, Ar- 
mltataaxL — Local, 'at the Hermit- 
stead,' from residence at a hermit- 
age or hermit-stead. M. E. nvmdlf , 
a hermit, pronounced armil; cf. 
Clark and Clerk, Darby and Derby, 
&C. Tbis has been a Yorkshire 
surname for £ve centuries at least ; 
see next article. 

Laareadu del Annetiled, 1379 : P. T. 
Yorka. p. tjt. 


ie Armetitede, i. 

: ibid. p. 

Norf. isS7:_FF.a 

MA., July 4, 1J>7! ---•• - 

H^Rid. CoanDir..6,i, t; London, 

4, 1, I : Philadelphia, 3, ti, a; BoMon 

Cfc-S.X 0,6,0. 

Armlt, Hermit.— Official, 'the 

hermit.' M.E. trtmiU and htrt- 

milt. Pronounced also amiitaa in 

Armitage (q.v,) for Hermitage ; see 

Ust artwie. 

Km Heremlle. London, 1173, A. 
rard Heremite, co. Warn., Ibid. 
SilTCMer Ic Honnh^ B. 



brmit, 1:1791 f. T. Vorki. p. 186 icT. 

William BnnTtc, or AnnvtL. «p. Tor 
aA-M>^c^l5l5: Rec. L'niv.Uif. i.Qt. 

17&. M»rri.d- Wifiiun Armat ud 
AnnCacTinetoD: St. GM>.Hai>.Sq.i. 17,;. 

Armltage, Hermito^. — 

Local, ' of the Hermitage,' once 
pronounced hamtitagt or anniiagt 
in the north ; cf. Clerk snd CUrk, 
Derby and Darby, Sc. ; v. Armii 
and Armistead. A great Lanca 
shire and Yorkshire surname. 

lohnHamzam¥g:.^<».Yof!.. W.3. 

WilMmuidel EmiylBclic, 137Q: P.T 

GiTfDrT Annltan, terap. Elic. Z. 

' Wiitian Annitafc rector (of Billing 
(otd, CO. Noff), cmnpoundrd for firm 
(mill in April. 1506 ■ : FF. viii. 194. 

1705-5, Mameo— Joseplr Airnitawani 
Mar? Ktdoa : St. IIiquIi Back<£urch 

17S4. — Sleph«i HanniUirF and Sanh 
Benficld ; Si. G™. Han. Sq. 1. jfii. 

WcM Riding Coa[tl>ir.,;ti,o; London, 
1>, 3 : Pfailidclpliia, 17. o. 

ArmrocL— Local; 7. Onnerod. 
An American variant. 

PhUadflplila, 1. 

ArmBtrong, Armstrang.— 
Nick. 'ann-strong '; cf. Strongith- 
arm. The name ola familiar Border 

' Ye need not p> to Udditdile, 

This surname has ramified veiy 
strongi]' in the Stales and ' 

William Armettraiise, co. Cniob, S3 
Ed*. I. BBB. 

Eclile KttB^Lttmz, 161S: Homehold 
Book* of Hoaard of Nawonb Caitle 
(SoTt. SocV p. 444. 

1617. UichaTl ittmjD and FraDce* 
Armeitrong; Marriage Lie, (LondonX 

LondoB, 37, o 1 PkUadelphia, 175, a, 

Amald, Amall. AmelL— 
(l) Bapt ' the son of Arnold,' q.v. 
The omission of the Gnal d in 
Aniald was perfectly natural, just 
as natural as to have added it ifit 
were not there ; cf. provincial 
govnd(oT gown, or Simmonds for 
Simmons, (a) Local, 'of Arnold,' 
a village in the parish of Long 
Riston, CO. York; alao 'of Arnold," 
a parish in co. Notts. 

Richard de Amalt, 90 Edw. II : Five- 
men of York, i. 21. ^ 
John (A. Amalrli, co, NolU, 1173. A. 
Aleiandetfil. E™ald,co.Orf„ibid. 
JonJan Eniald, co. Oif., iUd. 
1409. Walter Aniald. tenor otTlwlton: 

'4*5 'John Amald, gent., tmried by 

1616. Married- Richard Jaegatd and 
Bedr Amall: St. AnUiolin (LoS,wn).p. o. 

LondcBi,i,3,si Bo«on(U.S,){A™al); 1. 

Ame.— Bapt. ' the son of Ame,' 
either the nick, of Arnold (v. Arnett) 
or B personal name Am (eaglcl, 
which is itself the first syllable of 

Alice Am, wife, co. Oif., ia;i. A. 

1680-1. Tfiomai Ame and Mary Tho™- 
Geld : ManiaEe Ljc, {Londonl, ii. 303. 

'Thomaa Anguitin Ame (1710-78), 

Arnett, Amet— Bapt. 
son of Arnold'; v. Arnold 
ArnotL An early corruptioo, 

Leda Arnet, co. Camb, 1173. A. 

Miliienl Amet. to. Canb., ibid. 

John Amei, co. Camb, ibid. 

Amet le Mercer, co. Oif,. Ibid. 

-^- Mairied — Charl 

Amlson ^A rmeaoii (?), Amold- 

BOn.— (i) BapL 'the son of Ar- 
nold,' through some nick, or pet 
form ; v. Arnold. Armeson may 
be a corruption. Amoldson, which 
exists to-day in the United States, 
would naturally become Arnison ; 
see next article for instances in the 
Hundred Rolls, (a) Bapt. 'the 
son of Arnys ' ; v. Harness. 

■S71. Married — Richaid Poord and 
EtitArmcHn: St. Peter, Comhill, 1. ihl 

Sheffield, J, 1,0; Bmton (U.S,).o,o, r, 

Arnold. AnioU, Araott, 
Amot, Amould.— Bapt. < the 

sonof Arnold'; Fr. Amoud. With 
the corruption Arnott, cf. Archbutt 
for Archibald. Of course Arnold is 
now practically forgotten as a per- 
sonal name in Kngland. Neverthe- 
less it was very popular in its day, 
and being in great favour just when 
fontal names were candidates for 
immortality as surnames, it is not 
to be wondered at that Arnold and 
its variants and corruptions are 

familiar to all our directories at 
the close of the 19th century. I 
only furnish a few instances. Tbe 
United States has such continental 
forms as Arnhold and Amholt 
Amald or Amard Atle-broke, to. 

Waiter ^1. Aniald, co. Line., ibid. 

Stephen Arnold, CO. Kent, ibid. 

John 61. An>old< co. Camb.. ibid. 

Avetina relicta Arnold, co. Huntj, ibid. 

Warin Amold, or Emidd, Norwich, 
14S6: FF. iv.414. 

rrtn. John Arnold and Winifred 
Nelham : MiTiiaEe Lie. (London), ii. 6. 

London, So, 1, II, I. 1 J PhUadclphia. 
147. o, a, I, o. 

Amulf. — Bapt. ' the son of 
Amulf ■ ; V. Arnolf, Yonge, ii. uBa. 
Just as Randolph or Randulf became 
Randle, so Amulf, no doubt, became 
Amull, and thus was lost in Amell 
and other variants of Amold, q.v. 

John m. Emulf, CO. Camb., sm. A. 

Amnlph GmiTfc. co- Dorser. ibid, 

Amnlf de la Cuba. co. Devon, ibid. 

1766. Married— John Amall and Elii. 
Blake ^ St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 158. 

AroD, Arrand.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Aaron.' Generally ofjewish 
descent, but not necessarily so in 

Jndaeu Aron (i. 
Yirk, .27.. A. 
Adam Arofi, vlca 

Jacob Aarron. 1696 : Reg. [ 
ALUenDaiy (London), p. rii. 
^acob ■ ' 


le Jew). CO 


1658. BapL— Mary, d. Thonut A 
>id. p. 11,^ 
From Aran to Amnwas an 1 

171a. MarHed-WilliamlrieandManba 
Amn : St. Geo. Han. Sq, i, 4. 

This, with an excrescent d, be- 
came Arrend; cf.foaintf for gown, 
or Simmonds for Simmons. There 
can be no doubt about the fact that 
Arrend is Aaron in disguise. 

London, I, 1 ; Philadelphia, >, o. 

ArrisoD. — Bapt. ' the son of 
Harry' (v. Harrison ),uQlessArrison 
be a corruption of Aaronson, which 
is not probable. I fear there are 
Cockneys in America as well as in 

Philadelphia, 11. 

, Google 


corrupted to Ather- 
smitb in Pumcsa, North Lane I 
have two Athersmiths in my parish 
(Ulverston), A late occupative 
term. No instance in the Hundred 
Rolls or any other records of the 
i3lhcentury, so faras toy researches 
go. For the earhesl instance given 
in the H.E.D. (c. 1400) v. Armer. 

ijio, Cocke Lore|[« Bolt 
Henriciu Brcyltsatih, anumj/A, 1379: 
P. XYcTlu. p- *5- 
Sicphen AiTawiinytli.^i&ir-,ibid p. 193. 

telun^c* Anu-huDwbt, ibid, p. 66, 
illiwn Annnsnytlw, Ump. £li[. ZZ. 
RidurdAruniih, tcni|>.&lil Z. 
Joba Arrowimith. curate ol LynOt ™- 
Noff, 1643: PF. TiiL ^Of. 

174S-9. Bapt. — Notile, 1. Robert 
ArTDWimith, bnlcher: St. Diooa Buck- 
cbnieh, p. i;4. 
Laadoa, S, 0^ oj MDB. (Sufford], 1, 

ATSl«tt, AS|]«tt, A«lett— 

and Lancelot. There can be little 
doubt about this solution, but I 
have no absolute proof. If Ancelot 
was known familiarly aa Ascelot, 
then the rest is easy to accept. 

1775. Married— Boinick Smith and Add 
AiTctt : St. Gw, Han. So. i. jfg. 

■ 777. — Bditard Aulett and Rhods 

Anlnt : ibid. p. 318. 

Smith and Vmy 

Arthur, Arthurs, Arter.— 
Bapt 'the sonof Arthur.* A rare 
font-name in the Hundred RolU. 
Very common since the battle of 
Waterloo and the publication of 
Tciuiyson's poems. 

Waller CI. Aitharii. co. Lipc. iifi. A. 

William Anhur. CD. Eaex, ibid, 

Slephen Arthur, co. Wilti, Ibid. 

V. Ill 

Kirtnr'i Qaett, p. 1 1 1- 

Rdbert Anhat, rector oC CaMor, co. 
No«f., 13M: FF. v. ii§. 

i6r5. Robert Arthur inil Uargorel 
Ballia; Muriaee Lie, iLondoa), ii, 31, 

Ijat. Bapl.— BenianiiTi Anhnr. ■ yoonir 
man (boat iS: St. Dionii Backchnrch, 
p. 148. 

Lowkn^ II, 1, } ; BoHoo (U.S.), 13, ol a 


Artlogstall, ArtlDataU. Ax- 
Btm, ArklnBtall.— Local, 'of 

Artinstall.' I do not know the pre- 
cise spot, nor can I say whether 
it is in Lancaahire or Cheshire. 
The following entries will assist in 
the search : 

^ John Argtsll, of Hale, 1590 : Willi at 

William Antall. at KiDrev, parith of 
Bowdm, 1618: ibid. 

Robert ArtcDMail, of Hale, iGji : Ibid. 
(1611-16501 p. 6. 

EdwaidAniiill.DrHak, 1633: ibid. 
Mamed - Wiiium ArMall and 

Jan" . . 

One thing is certain, Arstill and 
Artinstall represent the same name. 
Manchester.!, I, 1,0; IIDE (co. Salopi, 
Arkiutail, 3. 

Artds, Artisa, Artaon.— (i) 

Bapt ' the son of Arthur," a corrup- 
tion of Arthurs or Arters ; v. Arthur. 
The final t will thus be patronymic, 
Williams, Jones, Jennings, 

Spain, and wai here buried ; St. Aolholia 
(London), n. 5|. 

1649- Momed — S* Peter le myte 
UoTtimer and Sar^h Artoon : ibid. p. 79. 

Marriafc Lk. ^Weitminater), p. co. 
London, 5, r, 0: Philadelphi, 3, o, o. 

Arundel, ArusdeU, Anm- 
dlo. — Local, ' of Arundel,' a parish 
in dioc of Chichester, co. Sussex, 
ten miles from Chichester. 

John Amndel. co, Som*., 1 Edv. Ill I 
Wfllian,deAnind»ll,co.Salop,ii7S. A. 
Join) de Alnndell, CO. Coniwall, w 

Roger de Arandcll, co. Somi., ibid. 
Adam de Aiondel, co. Salop, Hen. III- 

Cil'bert de Amndell, rector of Eas, Notf.,i3iii FF. i. 467. 

i6ii. Gre(of7 Anindell and Slit 
SniUie: Marriue Lie (London), Li. la. 

1765. Manied^Witliam Amodale ud 
Ann Bam«: Sl Geo. Kan. S<i. i. 146. 

l^oi^^ 3* 5, 1 ! Fhiladclpbia, 3, o, o. 

Aaoulf. — Bapt 'the son of 
Asculf.' No doubt this surname is 
lost in Hasell and Hazell, q.v. 
, There are no modem represenla- 


lives of the true original form. 
Probably some of the many Haselto 

and Hazells of Berkshire (a district 
which was familiar with the fontal 
name Asculf or Hascul) are to be 
referred to this source. 
HarKuiph, aliai AKorl de Cleaeby, ' 

Hucui'de Fracres, co. Orf., Hea. III- 
Edw, I. K. 

Robert AjcolT, proi'ott of Nonneh, iiio; 

John AKuir, CO. Backt. im. A. 

RoEcr KauehoU, 1379: P, T. York*. 

'''Aniph Ma, CO. Bbci, Hea. Ilt- 

Aaaltina.— Local ; v. Hasleden ; 
an American variant. 

Boilon (U.S,), I. 

Ash, Ashe, AyBh.— Local, 'at 
the ash,' from the original bearer's 
residence by a certain ash-tree; cf. 
Birch, I3ak, Lynde, and v. Nash. 
' Esche-tre — fiojnHus ' : Prompt 
Parv. p. 143. 

John de le E* CO. Norf,, i«j. A. 

RoKcr de le E>, co. Nnif., ibid. 

Agnei Ale Unite, CO. Oif., ibid. 


ii-Ath, ol 

•. Norf, 1343; 

lemp. Edi 
itrt, CO. Norf., 

II, c 


Robeiliudel Aich, 1379: P. T. YorkK 

Antony A^ie ; 

irew and Bllt. 

Kirfay'i Queit.p. 16 

1611. ft.pL-'Thoinm, 1 
Sl. Ju. Cletkenweli. i. 6l. 

. lu. Cletkenwel 

i63.t Married-. 

Aih -. St. Antholin 1 


>; MDB. 


Ashbunte.—. Local, ' of Ash- 

loume,' a well-known parish in 
:o. Derby. 

Robert deEsKbun] Derby, 1371. 

TT J. "iBpboume, CO. Derby, ibi 


Henry de Eneboume, cc 



1777. Married — John Atbbam and 
Catherine Junes: St. Geo. Han.Sq.l, iSi. 

London, 1 ; Philadelphia, 1. 

Ashburaer.— Occup. 'tbeash- 
burner' ; one of the oldest and 
most familiar names in Furnes* 

, Google 


and the English Lake district. Thi 
ash-burner was a nuuiuracturer of 
charcoal, to be used for the bloom- 
smithies of the middle ages. It is 
probable that the ash-burner'i craft 
covered the process of smelting 
as well. The traces of ancient 
bloomeries are still to be found in 
the coppice woods that skirl the 
shores of Windermere, Coniston, 
andlheDuddonestuary. Gradually 
the occupative term became collitr, 
and ousted the other. The sur- 
name, Ashbumer, however, will 
for ever remain a memorial of the 
primitive period when iron ore 
was smelted in the woods, whose 
trees supplied the fuel ; see Bloomer 
and Collier. Instances from the 
Fumess church registers are need- 
less ; they abound on every page. 
■ 545' BapL— JohnAsbonier: S(.Mu7'«, 

Williim AihinuTPr, of Cartracll, 1696: 
Lancuhire Wills (Richmoiidl. p. 7, 


London,;: CiDckford,!: Pbiladelphio, 
7; MDB. (CO. Lane), 17. 

Aahby, Ash bee, Asfabey. — 
Local, ' of Ashby,' parishes in 
diocs, of Lincoln [4), Norwich (3I, 
Peterborough (7). With Ashbee, 
cf. Applebee. 

PrtM- it Askeby, CO. Norf., flJJ, A. 

" ||.,„ 

Lane, IJQJ! Will>«Cbe««c(iS4S-"&ioX 
HeDrv AflhcrofL of Fratan, co. Luic, 


ifi&(. Bapt.— Maty, A. San. Aihcroft, 
vidow: St. Jai. Ckrkcnwell, i. ffA 

<; Lwnton, 3. 1, c 



Aahdown,— (i) Local, ' of Ash- 
down,' a parish in dioc of Chi- 
chester. (3) Local, ' of Ashdon,' 
a parish in co. Essex, three miles 
from SaflVon Walden, 

WilliaiDdeABcdon, LondoD. 1373, A'. 

1640-1. BanholomFw Aihdowne and 
Mary Cuddon : Miffiagc Lit (London), 

'li6}. John Ailidownp and Sarah 
WoodpiW: UaniagE Alleg. (Canier- 

ABhendoi — Local, 'of Ashen- 
den,' a parish in dioc. of Oxford, 
CO. Bucks. 

John de Enendon, co. HeKf.. 1371, A. 

Adan. dc Awndfli, co. Ort, ibldT 

Robert de Asseiidni, co. Ori!, ibid. 

1639, HBHiphrey Niccoli and Barbara 
Aihenden: MarriaircLicCLondon),!!. 744. 

1663. Buried -Widow Ascndcn, ■ 
pcuBionerT St. Dionis Backchurch.p. ju. 

1665, UanHed - Valkntinc Aihenden 
and Jane Wilkin*: Cantcibary Cathe- 

London, I ; BoMon (U.S.), 3. 

A^er,— Bapt. ; v. Asser, 

Ashfleld.— Local, 'of Ashfield,' 

two psrislies in co. SufTolk and a 
township in co. Salop. 

r;Si. Michael Aihfilde, co. OiT. 

■ Univ. Oif. vol 

buried ~ Anthony AihUlde : St. 

Ashoroft. Ascroft, ABhorafL 

— Load, ' of Ashcrofl.' Seemingly 
a Norfolk surname^ The suffix 
-erofi is often found as -crafl; cf. 
Headowcroft and Mcadowcraft, 
and V, Croft and Crafl, or Crofter 
and Crafter. Of course the origin 
is simple enough, i.e. the crolt or 
enclosure where the ash - trees grew. 
It is quite clear also that a Lan- 
cuhire family are sprung from a 
place named Ashe roftinlhat county.'.. '"- ' 
Richard AabcTDfl, co. Norf., 3 

Ashford, Aehforth, Ayah- 
ford.— Local, 'of Ashford,'parisbes 
in diocs. of Canterbury, Exeter, 
London, Southwell, and Hereford ; 
'. Ford and Forth for the two 

TobndeEjKfonl, co-Oif., 1173. A. 

Endo di Aubeford, co. Line, 10 £dw. 
. K. 

1563. Buried— William AihfDrde,prEn- 
Ii> to Roger Beant; Sl Mary Atder- 
maiy, p, 131- 

i^c^i. Thomai Ayiheford, co. Devon: 
Reg, Univ. OiF. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. loS. 

r77j. Married — Joteph Aibford and 
Charlotte Proben : St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

MDB.(co.'ii^vmxV,<n- " •**''"■ 

Aihley. —Local, ' of Ashley,' 
parishes in diocs. of Canterbury, 
Chester, Ely, Gloucester and Bristol, 
Lichfield, Peterborough, Winches- 
ter, and Oxford. 

Robert de AiWh, co. Devon, 1371. A. 

Henry de AbcI!, CO. Norf.. ibid. 

"'-'-— de Amelefihe, co. Soma, ibid. 
* ■ ' ■ - Hen. Ill- 

John dcAaihcleehiC 
ia*. I. K, 
Robert de Aahele, ci 



1617. Richard Ree\-e and Anne Athley: 
Marriaee Lie ( London), ii. 56. 

1741. Married — Perrct Fenlnn and 
Maiy Ashley : St. Mary AHermary.p. ji. 

London, 16 i Bonton (U.S.), 10, 

ABhUn.— Bspt. ; V. Aslin, 
173J. Married— William Thackeray and 
Ab^il Ashlin ; Si. Mirhael'i, Comhill. 

ijjo. — TSomu Aihlin and Sarah 
Mi^idleton : S(, Geo. Han. Sq, i. 45. 

AshmsD.— Bapt 'the son ol 
Ashman ' ; cf. Bateman. This sur- 
name would seem at first sight to 
be local, representing one who 
lived at the ash-tree (v. Ash and 
Nash). but there can be little doubt 
that it is a personal name, and per- 
chance the same as Assemannus 
in Domesday: cf. the place-names 
Ashmanhaugh, Ashmansworth, 
compounded with the name of the 
original tenant. Cf. the German 
surname Aschemann 1 one occurs 
in the New York Directory. 

William Aneman, CO. SnlT., 1371. A. 

Peter Aneman, co. Camb,. ibid. 

Revinald ABbemn. co. SalF., ihid. 

Wilier Ascheman, co. Suff, iind. 

Henry AsKheman, — ^-" ^'-^ 


1. SaS., ii 


liliS of 

)i6: ibid. 
1740. Bapl.— Hannah, d. of John A 
lan : Sc Ju. Clerkenwcll, ii. a^o. 


! Sl Geo. F 

id Elii. 

Aehmead. — Local, 'of Ash- 
mead,' i,e. some spot where the 
mead or meadow was surrounded 
by ash-trees. I cannot find the 



strongly ia America. 
Nicbolu dE Aauoede. ca Clone, 

17% H«rTi«l--B«iuuiiln AahnatdoDd 
Elii. Clangh : Sl C». Han. So. i. ug. 

London, ^; Fh^Iidelphla, 14; UDB. 
(CO. Glooctrtet), s. 

Aabxaore. — Local, • of Ash- 
more,' B parish in co. Dorset, five 
miles from Shaftesbuiy. 

i.s84-e. RobtitIoh«™(Le.Joiie.)ini 
Ann Aihemon! : H< ■ - ' • ■■ ■ ■ 

ic. (London), 

irtr-a M»tii«l -Hurt 

■ml AiliiiiDre (lie): SL DlaBia Buk- 

1501. Bonnli-Ann Adicinore: Si. 
luCIcrkEnii^ll, iv. 47. 

1773. MaTTit;d - Thomu Hind snd 
Sanli Aihmoip : St. G™. H«n. Sq. i. J17. 

Londnn. j ; Philadelphia, 13. 

Ashton, Alton. — Locr), ■ of 
Ashton ' or ' Aston,' parishes in 
diocs. of Exeter, PetertMrough, 
Bath and Wells, Sanim, Gloucester 
■nd Bristol, Chester, Liverpool, 
and Manchester. The meaning is 
simple 1 the asA-loani, i.e. the en- 
closure with Bsh-trees in it ; v. Ash 
and Town. Naturally this would be 
a common place-name. With the 
form Aston, cC Ascroft and Ash- 

RoEcr dc Aiitan 

le Aachcton, co. Soma., ibid. 

il Fhili 

Johannca de Aaton, 1370: 1 

'' i^8-o. ■WiiUan Freake a_ 
Aaton : MiTTiBie Lie (London), 

1646. BapL— EVtn, a. Fticr awium : 
St. Ju. CIcrfcawdi, i 164. 

LoadOB, 41, iq ; Bonon (U.S.). 10, 4. 

AshurBt, Aahhurat. — Local, 

' of Ashurst.' (i) A parish in co. 
Kent, about four miles from Tud- 
bridge Wells ; (a) a pariah in co. 
Sussex, three miles from Steyning. 
Theorigin is simple,' the Ash-hurst' 
orwood; V. AsbandHucBt. There 
is evidently a spot in co. Lane, bear- 
iog this name. 

Adam de AariHmt, co. Lane, itai; 

Thomaa de Aithiint, co. Lanc^, Ibid. 

1549- Married — Mihill AailinM asd 
Chnadan Bowin : Sc AatboUn (Loodoo), 

1636-7. Rkhaid Hnlton and Anne 
.■hhntvt : Marriajr^ Lie (Londonh H. aa9. 

London, a, 2 ; Philadelphia, o, 1. 

AshivelL— Loca], 'oTAshwell.' 
(i) A parish in co. Hertford, 
about four miles from Baldock; (9] 
a parish in eo. Rutland, three miles 
from Oakham. 

HkhaTddeA.»Tjl=,».Saff.,iJ73. A. 

William de Aauwelle, co. Rail., ibid. 

Nicbol de Aaihewelle, » Edw. I. BBB. 

~ riS of Norwich, 

: FF. ii 


tichard. a. John Aihvell : 

enwell, !. 

London, 11; New York, 1. 
AohirorUi. — Local, 'of Ash- 

worth,' a chapelry in the parish of 
Hiddleton, co. Lane, anciently 
Asseheworth. This small place 
(pop. »33 in 1861) has given birth 
to a surname that has become 
largely represented. It is familiar 
to eveiy town and village in south 
Lancashire. Henry Ash worth 
(i794-tB8o), the friend of CobdcD, 
was bom at BirtwisUe, near Bolton, 
a few miles from Ashwortli, on 
Sept. 4, 1794. Caleb Ashwortb, 
D.D. (1733-75), a celebrated dis- 
senter, was bom at Rossendale, co. 
Lane. John Aahworth (1813-75), 
preaclter,manufacturer, and author, 
was born at Cutgale, near Roch- 
dale 1 V. Diet. NaL Biog. ii. 187-8. 
Th« little village has kept itself 
well in the remembrance of Lan- 
cashire people. 

John Aihwonh, of Caatleton, CO. Lane. 
1617; "'■"--'■' ■ -■ - - 

Lane, .-- 

1641. Buried — Menrj Aaliwon 
•tranver ; St. Dionii Backchurch. p. 

ifS^. Married— RobenSevell and 
Aiha'onh : St. Gn>, Han. Sq. i, 146. 

London. 1; Midd]etaii,6: Manclu 
63; Bo«on [U.S.), 3. 

Aak, Aflke.— Local, ' of Aske.' 
Askc, a township in the parish of 
Easby, near Richmond. North 
Riding of Yorkshire. This sur- 
name is nearly, but not quite, 

Richard dcAik, 1 369', DDD. i.54.. 



!rt Aikc (d. 1537), leader of the 
■nnrreclion called the ''Klerimage nl 
Gmtl," wu of an old Yorkiliirr ftmlly 
which look lu name fram Aake, In Rich- 
msndibiie ' ; v. Did. Nat. Btog. ii. 189. 

itei. Bapt.— B]ic.,d Robert Aakei St. 
[■chad, Comblll, p. lof. 
1676-9. Robert Aake and Uary Bon- 
Soj : Uarrlage AUe*. (Caaierbary), p. 193. 

176s. Married —William Elailan and 
Dorothy Aak: St. Geo. Man. Sq. p. 141. 

Sheffield. I, o. 

ABkelL— Bapt. ■ the son of As- 
kcttle'; V. Anskettle. 

Askew, AMonch, Aina- 
eough, Alnsoow. — Local, ' of 
Abkew,' a township in the pariah 
of Bedale, co. York; v. Askey. 
'Anne Askew(i5fli-46), protesting 
martyr, was the second daughter of 
Sir William Askew, or Ayscough, 
knight, who. is generally stated to 
beofKelsey, in Lincolnshire': Diet. 
Nat. Biog. {v.Askew). As shown 
above, the original form was Ai skew 
or Ayscough. This by an intrusive 
Kbccame,in Lancashire, Ainscougfa 
and Ainscow. But Askew is the 
generally adopted form. It was 
natural that the surname should 
cross the border from Yorkshire to 

1545. John AiKoaghe and Griaella 
Tnke : Harriaee Lie (Pacalty OBicel,|i.6. 

ISSJ. Anlhdn. Twyij-llon and Alice 
A*C^ : Maniljcc Lie ILondon), i. 14. 

Uarraret Aakew, of Kirkbye Trcleui, 
North Lane, 15B)! ibid. 

Ellen AkoheIi, of Latham, co. Lane, 
'SW- Willi al Cheater (1541- 1 6io)i p. j. 

John Aakew, of Odnadcrley. Nonh 
Lane, ivn: Lancaahlre Wilb at Rkb- 
icond, 1. B. 

1661. Edward Bedell and Barbara 
AyKOD)[h: Marriage I.ic(Facalty Office), 

Lxidon, S,3, no; Mancbeater, I, o, t, 
7; Philadelpliia, 1,7,0,0. 

Askey, Askie. — Local ; v. 
Askew. These are variants. It Is 
perfectly natural to End Askey in 
CO. Lincoln, where Askew was 
CamiUar for centuries. 

i6i6. Henry Aiklcy and BIIl Dim- 
mock : Maitiage Lie. (London!, ii.41-. 
ibid. p. 65. 

London, o. 1 : MDa (Lincoln), i, o: 
New York, 1, o : Philadelphia, o, i. 

Aafc>iaTnj Asoli am.— Local, ' of 
Aakham,' two parishes in co.York; 
also Askbam, a parish in co. Cumb,, 
near Barrow-in-Furness. 

Aviee de Aaluim, co. WeUm., 30 Bdw. 
I. R. 

Thnmoi de Aakam, 1379 ; P. T. Yorka. 

'RoEcr Ascham (1515-68) wat bom 


in iSMil Klrbv Wlikf, near Nonhsl] 

coniiihrBble BntH]iii(y, ■nd la hive tak 

andWotAikham, near York. A Ro) 
de Aikham is roeniioiwd a* an odhen 
of TlKimai._&ul at Lancaicer, in 1311 


.din[ Conn Dir,. 6, o 

ASkllL— Bapt. 'the son of Ans- 
keltle,' q.v. 

Anlrin^ A alrinii , HasUll, 
Huklns. — Bapt ' the son of 
Askctin > (0, «> O. F. dim. of As- 
kettle. As AskeUle became un- 
doubtedly Askell, q.v., so Asketin 
probably became Asicin. ForAirther 
instances and remarks, v. Astell. 
Nevertheless, I am not quite satis- 
fled with this solution. Like Wil- 
kin and Wilkins from William, it 
would appear thai Askin and As- 
king represent a popular nick, of 
some once familiar pergonal name- 
Robert Aiknln, co. Kmt, ijij. A. 

Williani AikMin. co. Kent, ibid. 

1616. John Hukini and Gnce Johano ; 
Marnan! Lie. (London), <i. 168. 

I7»4. Manied-)olinA>king and Han- 
nah ReedlKad : St. Ceo. Hin. Sq. i. ito. 

Croekford. 1, 1, o, 1 ; London, o, o,^ 
3;Ne*York, .,3.3,g. 


Aakwfth, Asqulth. 
' of Askwilb,' a village in the parisb 
of Weston, near Oticy, co, York. 
Askwilh and Ashworth are the 
same compound, vil. jiah and 
fVortli, q.v. Asquith is the modern 
popular dress. 

Johanna de Aikwilh, 1379 1 P. T. 
Yorka. p. 160. 

HngD de Aikwiih ; ibid, p. 338. 


1™. Michael Ajqiijih, ce 

: Reg. 

UiUv. Oif. voL ii. pi. iiji, 177. 

London, 0. o ; Weit Ridin? Conn Dir- 
J.9; Phil«delpti«,O^S. 

Aalao, Aalaohson, HMluob, 
Haaelock.— BapL 'the son of 
Aslak ' ! V. Yonge, i. 46. A weU- 
known name in its lime, of Scan- 
dinavian origin. 

Thoma. Aitake. co. Norf., i6Edw.IV: 

Walter Ailake, d Cnke, co. Naf, 

WLnlam'Xtla^ co. NorT, ixji : ibid. 
'Tbe land and tenon of jDho. aoo of 
Aalalh, of Flockthoip ' : ibid. iv. SSJ- 

Aslack Lanr, co. Sort., 1639; ibid. 

'f^nAilatccSnir., T,7j. A. 

William Ha«rock. co. ^Votc, i&ii : 
Re{. Univ. Oif. ii. 148. 

Ct the local Aslacton. 

Rc£inald de Ailacton, co. Nolta, ii7,i.A. 

Richajd de Aatakebr, co. York, Hen. 

Thoma* Adakbr, anp. for B.A., n6i: 
Rej. Uni». Orf. i. 35. 

These would signify ' the dwell- 
ing of Aslac' 

Mar7, d. of ChriMimher 



Agitation of Donee, idaj, 

np. for B.A., Uav 16, 
Orf. i - 


The Rev. Oscar Aslachson 
occurs in Croekford, 1866. 

LoikdoL o, o, 1, o 1 Sbeffield(Haaelock), 

AbUs, AaMln , AsUiig, Ash- 
ling.— Bapt, 'the son of Ancel,' 
from the dim. Ancelin, popularly 
Asselin or Acclin; V. Ancell. Asse- 
lin and Ascelyne occur as personal 
names in the Hundred Rolls with- 
out surnames attached ; v.Lancclin. 

Aicelyn dePeykirk, co. Hanta, larj. 

Acrlin Wmknave. CO. Hnnta ibi<L 

Richaid Anchn, co. Cunb-. ibid. 

WTlliom Atselyn, c& Camb., ibid. 

a>nH„ ibid. 

Andrew Anelrn, vkar of NonhaTL 
Middlera, .399; Metr-^-'- -* "— 
Coll. COir.Hl.1. Sot). 

I Jo. 

ARlcn : MUTiagc Lie. {London), i. 

The corruption to Ashlio is 
clearly liaceable, 

111S7. Buried— Jone Ailyn : St. Uichael, 
Cornhill, p. 66. 

1708. —Jacob Aatelin: St. John Bapiiii 
onWaIlbroDk,p. 106. 

17M. Uanied— WiUianA^inandEJii. 
Pre«[y: Si. C™. Han.Sq. i.5. 

1731. William Thackeny to Abinil 
Adilin; St MichacLComlitlL p. iSi. 

iTjo. Married —Thooiai A«hlyn and 
Sanfi Hiddlelon : St. Gtn. Han. Sq. J>. A^ 

17S1. — Gcoree Ading and Sarah 
Eado: ibid p. 33S. 

The g in Asling ia excrescent, as 
in Jennings, &c The Cambridge- 
shirefonn isAahling. Sixcenluries 
ago, in the same county, it was 
Assclin, But tbe change is an 
ordinary one. 


_. . ._ Local, 'of Aspden,' 

a village near Buntingford, co. 
Hertford. As nearly all the in- 
stances are found in Lancashire it 
is quite possible another locality 
exists, or has existed, in that 
county called Aspden. The origin 
of tbe word is simple; v. Dean and 

William Atrdai, of Cliv<Eer, 1597: 
Wills at ChoUT <iM5-'6>o), p. 7. 

Roben A^en. of Cutcheth. 1607: ibid, 
Jucei Aipdeu, of Tockhoiea, 1611 : ibid. 

Lon^.^'i; UDB. (Lancaafaiie), 8; 
Maachater, 8 ; Philadelphia. 1. 

AspeU. — Local, 'of Aspall,' a 
parish in co. Suffolk, one mile from 

Aipol' ^"suWkl'wh" h cani^ by "er 
mother, daaehteT and co-heir of Sif John 
de Aspal,' 1385 ! FF. Ik, «, Aqiale, co, Norf,, 44 Bdw. 

Rotten de Aipale, r 

Thomaa Aspal, r _. _ 

Magna, co. Norf,, 1519; ibid, ix. 499, 

Probably the Lancashire Aspdts 
represent Aspinal), q.v. : a clear 
instance is there given. This sur- 
name has crossed the Atlantic. 
Oddly enough, I find but scanty 
English representatives as yeL 

Ne*York,4j Middkton («. Lanc.X i, 

Aapenlon, Asplan, AspUn. 
— Bapl. 'the son of Absolom'; 
O.E. Aspelon- The change of 6 
to/^ and removal of s from after 
to before p, seem to have begun 
in tbe early de[:ades of the I3lh 
century. This font-name was 
very popular, and as a surname 
has existed in co. Cambridge for 

cJ Fiancham 

Aiapelon Odieme, CO, Can.b„ r>73, A. 

Hnro hi. Aaapelon, co. Camb., ibid, 

Wuin B[, Aipekinli, CD, Camb,, ibid. 

Henry Aipelon, co. OiT,, ibid, 

Aapelon Gl, Nidiolas, eo. Bedf., ibid. 

John Aiplon, CO, Hant*. ibid, 

Aiplon Fiber, co, HnnUs ibid. 

Ann Aapalin and John Avpelin : Viuta- 
lion of Eoex, 1541, p. 370, 

TbomuWrii'liiand Elu.An)lyn, 1636: 
Marriage LicTLondon), p, lit. 

Samuel Asplin, rector aiGeyton-ThoTpL 
CO, Notf,, 17M : FF. viiL 440. 


(■> Uonhkc, whitlwr their boat wiU be 
Ukm In chine nl Aiplm, the UoiTmiti' 
witrnnon': Combridn! Crew (Sundard, 
Much IS, iffl?). 

Tbe first three instances above 
are from the counly of Cambridge. 
It is odd to think that Asplen is 
unquestionably TroRi Absolom. 

London, 3, O) I i MDB. (co. Camb.), 
c^a, o. 

Asplnall, ABplnwftll, Aapi- 
neU.-^ocal, ' of Aspinwall,' a 
property in the parish of Augfalon, 
CO. Lane. ; lit. ' the aspen-well,' 
i.e. the poplar-well, the well by 
the poplar-trees ; cf. Popplewell. 
We still speak of ' trembling like 
an aspen-leaCi' 

'Rlchud le WalaiK lonl of Lithnlud, 

il AiipenweUe,' Sc : BaiiKi' Lan 


II Linn vu the pUenial inheritance 
_. _ ]*ard Alpinwall, ftr. ; ibicl. p, 404, 

gilbert de Atpenwall, co. Lane, ijji : 

J^nin Aninoll, orAfpinall, 1591 : Wilh 
at Ctienter 0j4;-i6kj), p. 7. 

Katharine Aipiowall, of Agpinnll, 
iSi)6i ibid. 

Were there the slightest doubt 
that Aspinall is a variant of Aspin- 
wall, the above quotations would 
set the question at rest for ever. 
The place is styled Aspinall in 
documents, tj CKarles I : v. Ex- 
chequer DepcoitioQB by Commis- 
sion, Lancashire (Lane, and Cbes. 
Record Soc. V. zi. 06). 

1761. MarrieH- Solomon Franklin and 
MlrrAnenwHlliSt Ceo. Hin.Sq.i.ioi. 

17B). — HninphiET Ai^inall and Elii. 
Leach : ibid. p. 340. 

London, 4, J, 0; MantlmBn-, lo, 4, o; 
Borton CU.&), OS a, 1 ; N™ York, j, », o. 

Aaplan and Aapllni v. As- 

Asqulth. — Local, 'ofAskwitb,' 

Aflsar, Asher.— Bapt. ' the son 
of Asser.' 'Asser (says Mr. Lower), 
sn ancient personal name, as As- 
serius Henevensis, the preceptor 
ofKingAlfred. Two tenants called 
Azor are found in Domesday': 
Patr. Brit. p. 13. Tbe frequent 
occurrence of Arfier in the United 
States directories is due to nn in- 
OlIX of German Aachen, who per- 

of Sl Dsv: 

haps represent the same pet 

A«er Iwithoat ninuime), canon 
_iavid'«,iaoi:Him.andAnt St-D 

W'illiamAKcr, CO. Line, 1171. A. 

Robert A«er, eo. Derby, ibid. 

Jordan AiHi, co. NaithsniDl., 10 Edw. 
I. R. 

William Auitr, rector at AThnerton, co. 
Norf.: Pf.TiiLSJ, 

16^. Harried— .Bradford Burr and Elii. 
Amcf, of Barling, co. Euei: Si. DkHiii 
Backchoreli, p. ag. 

i6;i. John Adams and Philippi Atser, 
CO. Hrrtt, Marriage Alleg. (Canterbury), 

" 7s'6-Th< 
te- " 


Awmui, Asmiaim.— Bapt ; 
V. Ashman. 

NIchoI Aaeman, co. SuS,, 1171. A. 

New York. (, 4- 

Aatell, Aatle.— Bapt ' the son 
of Asketel,' one of the many cor- 
ruptions of this early and popular 
name; V. OskelL Asketel became, 
ofcourse, Askil; v. Kelt. Hence 
tbe Askils below. From Askil to 
Aslell was an easy transition. 
Ascbetil de Ouscgarth, co, York, 
is set down in one record variously 
as Aschetin, Asketin. Aschetel, and 
Astill ; V. Index, FFF. 

Anketina de Minlvall, CO. Line, I Edw. 
I. R. 

AttillGI.WU'iSchcra.CM'., 1173. A. 

Arteli Prepoiitni, co. Oif., ibid, 

William AsUI. co. Oif. ibid. 

Peter Aikvl. CO. Ciunb., ibid. 

Alan A Ail, co, Camh., Ibid. 

Stephen Aslrl, co. Camb.. ibid. 

Simon Attn, at. Back>, ibid. 

: P. T. Yorli 
It of Ai'ImenoB, c 

^Ajigh A«el -e 

NIcholai A«ell 
Norf,. 1450; ibid. 

As Asketin was a Ikmlliar form 
(possibly diminutive) of Asketel, 
it is probable that Askin, Askins. 
and Haskins are thus derived ; 

' Item paled to Bdmonde AMell, ki 

of Grenewiche park for thome^ 1 , 

£i 17J. fii,' Awil J, ijjj: Privy Parae 
Bid., Henrv VIII, p. KM. 

1675. WlUiWB Hilllieid and Al.. 
Astle: HaiTlage Alleg. iCaittrhoiy). 
p. I4J. 

London, 2,0; Biiion (U.S.lft 
Astie,— Bapt. ' the son of Aoa- 

stasia,' from the nick. Anstie (v. 

Anstee), abbreviated to Astie. 

There can be little doubt that this 

is the true solution. It has never 

present I can find representatives 
only in tbe United States. But 

Adam Any, co. Kent, 1173. A. 

^hn A,ty. ™, Norf,, ihirf^. 

Thomas A«y, CO. Norf., 1374 : FF. 

' ^SxTt AslT, rwlor of Wert Herlint 
o, Norf, 14.0; ibid. p,3l"- 

i6s8-Q. Bapt.— Prancia, a. Francia Ally 1 
•■ Sonii Back-"— ■- 

CleTl _ "_ " ." 
New York, a. 

Aatln, Asten, Astina.— Bapt. 

' the son of Austin,' an eariy 
variant Ofcourse the majority of 
the representatives of these vari' 
ants of Austin are now lost in the 
local surname Aston, q.v. This 
wss inevitable, hence the scarcity 
of modem instances. That Aslin 
is a variant of Austin is settled by 
two entries concerning the same 
individual ; v. Aust. 

>. Camb, 

Aitinu Beninglon^ 


WiiiinA«in,™.^2aml,. ._. 
Rogenu Astyn, ijTq: F. T. York*. 

Johannet Ayatrn, 1379 : Ibid. p. 1Q5, 

John Attrn. vkar of Wiinrenhale, co, 
Nori^- 1421! FF.iit, |R<, 

Robert Aaqra, co. Neif, isf ■■ fbid. 
p. 'H. 

The dim, Austiline is also found. 

Aosteiin Goamay, co. Soms., i Edw. 
lin KirbT'sQat«,p.i7a. 

Wen Riding Court Dir. t, c^ o; 
London, o, 1, 1 { Boaton (U.S.), a, 1, o; 

A8tl«, AatelL — Local, <of 
Asthill,' The suffix is commonly 
turned into ' le ' or ' ell ' ; cC 
Tickle for Tickhill, BuckeU for 
BuckhilL ' 

Richard di Aaihnll, u Rdw. Oil 
Freemen of York, i. ja. 

For another origin r. Aslell. 

Latii)oa,m; Boaton (U.S.), ■, 0^ 



Artley.— Loc«l,'ofAs|]ey.' (0 
A ciupelry in the parish oT Leigh, 
CO. Lane. ; (a) a chapclry in the 
counly of Salop, five miles from 
Shrewsbury ; (3> a parish in co. 
Warwick, near Nuneaton ; (4) a 
}>arish in co.Worcester.nearStour- 
port The Lancashire Astlcys are 
all from the chapelry near Leigh 
in that county. 

John if AiHrye, co. Sulop, 1373- A- 
lichari dr Astkeh, m. S.lop,lbi<i. 

WiUiam de AidMrli. "■ L»»<=^ 'W- 
LaySubsidj' (Rj-landi), p. la 

CcoTEE A«ley, <4 HcyWood. co. Lane., 
1573 ■ *'"■ "' C1w»lerUM5-ifiio), p. 8. 

UargBRt A«ky, of Dean, co. Lane, 
1 ^05 : Ibid. 

iSji. Richard Aslley, co. Oif, and 
Anne Cilbome: Uamage Ltc (Wot- 

SinhAitky: St. Geo. Han-Sq. L iia, 
> __j.- '. . u — 1.^„ s. MDB. 

Aston.— (t) Local, 'of Aston' 
or 'Ashton,' q.v. (a) BapL Mhr 
son of Astin,' q.v. That Aslin 
became Aston is clear from threi 
eutries in the same village. 

Jofaannea A^yn, IJ79: P- T. York*. 

HSriciuA«liFivl379! ibid. 
WiUelmu Alton, 1379 : jbid. 

AtobaBon, AtohiooB. — (i) 
BapL 'the son of Adam.' {3) Bapt. 
• the son of Archibald ' ; v. Ailche' 
son and Ad kin. 


LoadoB, a, 5 i Philadelphia, 7, 7. 

Atfend.— Local, 'at the fen.' 

The finalifinAtfend is excrescent ; 

et goamd for gown, or Simtaonds 

for Simmons, or Hamond for Ha- 

tebella Ate Fenne, co. Oif- 1173. 1 
Meniy Atefen, co. Canib.. ibid. 
Widtef Alefen, co. Camh.. ibid. 
Tbomaa Atefen, vicar of Appleton, c 


from residence thereby ; cC Alt- 

wood, Altwell, &c. 

ihnAteForde,co. Olf, IJTJ. A 
pry Ateford^ co. Oif., ibid. 

j'4i"B»pL— Hannah, d. feobrn At. 
fold: St. Dionis Backclinrch, p. 106. 

1671. John Atford and Maiy So^xi: 
Uarnage Lit (Weatniinst«), p. 4J. 

find any modern repre- 
sentatives, but doubtieu some 

AthawM.— Local, 'atte-haws," 
from residence beside the haws ; 
cf. Attwood, Attwdl, Athow, &c., 
and V. Hawe. 

AttehainF, vicar of Sonlli 
n.Norf,i,179: TF.ii 

London, I ; HDB. (co. Bma\ t. 

Atharlr.— Local ; v. Adderiey. 

Atharton. — Local, ' of Ather- 
ton,' a chapelry in the parish of 
Leigh, CO. Ijutc. The Boston 

Directory shows that the name 
crossed the Atlantic some genera- 
tions ago. 

"Oct, 4, 1679. WHriam Alherton, in 
the ihip Nathaniel for Bucon ' : Hotten'i 

« ol iheriH fo 

by the 


Hugh de Aiherton, c 
Uy SBbeirf)' <Rjtandi). _ ^. , 

Godfrey Alhenoo, of Bichenteth, 
IS97 : Wilb at Cheater (iS4S-i6loi p. 8. 

FliilipAtbenoa, tfAthaton, lAiB: ibid. 

lti6l. Penr ^epherd and Chrluiaii 
Aiheiton: Marriage Uc (%'c«iiilnilerj^ 

AlhlTiDn im. kHK^h • j ■■■ 
is; Loiidon,9; Boatsa (U.S.), 

Athow, Attoe, Atthow, Ato. 

—Local, 'at the how'; v. How. 

cf. Attwdl, Attwood, &c, for 'at 

the well,' 'al the wood,' Sec. 

With the variant Attoe, cf. Hoo 

and Hoe, q.v. 
Philip AtlehD, co. Kent, tm. A 
WilliBiD Aiielkow, 00. Itotii, 14 Bdw. 

liionaa Allehow de Methnvlilc, tio 

ofGrinon,«i.Nori.. IJ57: 

PnUKK Atbow. Via^lWB of Eaee 

* Tbomaa Atbcnr ; ibid. 


Clemeal Athow, rector of ] 
o.NaTf.,i6)3: FF.vlLjgS. 

The Lincolnshire variant Ato, 
although curious to look at, is per- 
fectly plain as regards its parentage. 
16^ Thomu Vincent and Djnab 
Athow; Marriage Aller. (CanlsniryX 

MDB. (Snffolkl o, I, ot o; (Norfolk^ 
1,0, 9,0; {Linccffn), 0,0, o, 1 1 Pbiladel- 
iliia, J, o, o, o. 

AtUn. AtUnfl, AtUtUon; 
'. Adkin. 

AtUrk. Aoburoh.— Local, ' at 
the kirk' or 'church,' from reai- 
thereby ; v. Kirlc and Church. 
Atkirk, unlike Attwood or Attwell, 
seems to have become extinct ; 
but A church, abbreviated from 
Atte-Church, still exists. This, 
however, may represent Acburcb, 
a township in co. Northampton. 

Robert AteChorchjCO-OrfT^a^J. A. 

T of Metun, a 
NoTf., Tjj8: FF. vill. 14a. 
WilliaiD Attechlrche, co. Noif., ig Edw. 

'Agnen wyH to Pall Atkyrke, temp. 
1510^; Violation of Yorkiliiie, 1561, 

^ MDB. (Lincoln), 0,1. 

Atook. AttMk. Atack, 
Attiok.— Local, 'at the oak'; A.S. 
dc i cC Acton, Ackworth, Ackroyd, 
acortt, &c., and v. Attwood, Att- 

Adam Al the Ock, co. Salop, 1173. A. 
1 709. Bapt.—Elii.. d. of Tbomai Ataeki 

176^ Ma^ifd— Samael Conper ud 
ChriRiaa Atdkk: Sl Geo. Han. Sq. 

irao. — Hilei Atack and Ella. FiyeT: 

' 'md'b. (Cambridge), Oi i, A 9J Weal 
Riding Conn Dir., 1, c^ o, o; HiUadcl. 

phia, i^ o, », 1. 

Attanborough, Attorbnry. 

— (i) Local, 'of Attcrborough,' a 
parish in CO. Notts, (a) Local, ' of 
Atlleburgh,' a town in co. Nort 
I have placed Attenborough and 
Atterbury together, as they have 
probably become confused in the 
course of centuries. In any case 
Atterbury represents the older 
Attleburgh. {3) Local, 'at the 
borough'or'bury'i v, Buiy. 
WaHerABebM(^«o.K«^ii73- A 

D,y.:,.eG by t^OOg IC 

Alicia de AUebont, co. Ounb., 

Hiuvaiet de AUebmvF, co. Cvnb., 

Sichkrd de Allebor*, m. Cunb., iliid. 

RiUr de Allebiueh, Itop. Ed*. Ill, 
CO. Norf. : FF. iv. us. 

John At AileberEli, co. Norf, Iis6: 

John AtlfrhBrjr, lytS. M. 

1661. Laannce AnertHHr ud Bill. 
PcFrnlet; lUniagc Allqt. (CutoteirX 

1760. UuTled— Loaia Goajm Mid Blil. 
Attaiaij: Sc Geo. Han. Sq. 1. iS^ 

London, i<^ 3 : New York, o, 9. 

AttMlow. — Local, 'at the 
slough ' ; V. Slough, where manifest 
proof is ipvea ; cf. Attwood, Att- 
well, &C. 

Feter Analo. co. Oif., T171. A. 

William AttuloDt, co. Camb. Ibid. 

JaiH 16, 151:5 : Reg. Unii. OiT. i. ug. 

Lake Atteiloikv, or Auloe, sdm. B.A^ 
Jan. J4, iS»-*o : iWd. p. »!. 

Attfleld.— Local, 'at the field,' 
f^om residence thereby; ct Atl- 
wood, Attwetl, &c. ; v. Field. 

Ridiaid Ate FeLde, ca Oif., int. A. 

Linol Ate Fekle, co. Oxf. ibid. 

lohn AleTelde. ro. OiT- ibid. 

John Aiufeld, co. Norf., 10 Hen. IV : 

1(175. Jonn Anfeild and Bliiabetb Hall ; 
HainaEe Lie (Watmiuter), p. lU. 

1785. llanied— June* AltSeld and 
Uaiy Colbdin : St. Geo. Han. Sq. I 371. 

AtthllL— Local, <at the hill,' 
rrom residence thereon ; v. Hill ; 
cf. Attwell, Attwood, &c This 
Bumame has existed in co. Norfolk 
for at least five ccnluries. 

Batenian Atiehir, co. Camb., 1171. A. 

BToard AiKhjl, co. Camb,, ibid. 

Hnry Attrinil, co. Camb., ibid. 

GreBory Aiidirll, rector of tnrworth, 
CO. Mof, I«6 ; FF. vi. 569. ' 
' JabaAihin,M.NoTf.,i3air:ibid.Ti.TOi. 

tsXH. Edward Dlwn and Uarnret 
Atliill : Uamare Lie (London), i. itL 

Crockford. . ; MDB. (co. Nortolk), j. 
Atthow I v. Athow. 
AtUer, AtUee, Attftjr, Atlee. 
— Local, 'at the lee,' from resi- 
dence thereby; v. Lee; cf.Attwood 
and Attwell. 
^ Jc^AtteLee,eo.Nonhampt.,9oBdw. 

' l«.B.«.-John. riband. Attlej I 
.Sc Diooi* Backebnicli, f. S6. 

1751. BapC. ~ Chirlei, *. 1 

LondDl^ V, ', u, « , ..^lui 
1; PfaiUdelptiia (Atke), 19 

Attmore, Atmore.— Local,' i 

the moor,' from residence thereon 
V. Moor. 

Bpatjix Attemore, Nonvich, 7 R\c II : 

Simon Attemore. Tiuri/Criipplohaio, 
CO. Norf., .398: ibid. vii. 314. 

1748- Married— Thomai Hopes and 
Mary Atmore : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 40. 


Attridge, AttrlctL— Local, ' at 
the ridge,' from residence thereby; 
V. Rigg or Ridge ; cf. Attwood or 

JaoobA»eriche,co.Berka,iJ7t. A, 

1777. Manird-William FowTer and 
Jane Atridre; St, Geo. Han. Sq. L 3S1. 

iBoo. —Edward Walkei and Sarah 
AltridEe: Ibid. ii. »<. 

L.onaoB. 1, o ; niiuddpliia, 1, a ; New 

Attn4u, AtweU, AtwiU, 
Attiwall, Attwlll, AtteweU.— 
Local, ' at Ibe well,' from residence 
thereby ; v. Wells ; cf. Attwood. 

AdamAteWdle,™. Oif., 1173. A. 

John Alewelle. co. Camb.,'il,i,r 

JohD Attc-Well, CO. Kent, » Edw. I. K. 

Simon Alte Well, C R., 43 Edw. HI. 

WilJi»m Atle Welt, 1313. Id. 

John Aiwelle, ibid. 

WilleJmn. Aiiewell, 1379 : F. T. Yotlii. 

}rmj At-vclle, rector of Erpinebam, 

1663-4. Harried— Wi ilia m Alwell and 
MaiyTyrell : St. Dionia BackchDrii, p.37. 

The variant AtwUl is found as 
early as the beginning of tbe tyth 

Hufh AttwylVpanon of Cawoalr, co. 
UcTOD, 1601 : FF. iii. <5& 

Id (Attiw 

Attwood. Atwood. — Local, 
'at the wood,' from residence 
thereby ; cf. Attwell, and v. Wood. 
Every English county has repre- 
scDtatives of this surname. 

Geottnj Ate Wode, co. Honli, 1173, A. 

Matheiu Atewode, co. Camb.. ibid. 

Aenei Atleimde, co. Oif., ibid. 

Gilbert Atte Wode, co. Sawi, ibid. 

)iAt\ Attevode, co. Norf., 1391 : ff. 

(in. 170. 

1726. Married — George Atwood and 
Sarah Laiienn ; Sl Mary Aldermary. 

Atwood has ramified strongly in 
Boston and Che district. 

'Philip Atwood sailed (or New Enidand 
in the Scuan and Ellin in ifiif' : Hottea'i 
Liui of Emigranta, p. 59. 

London. 13, 4 ; BoXoa (U.S.), 3, i»3. 

Atty.— BapL ' the son of Adam,' 
from the colloquial Addy, q.v. 
This was sharpened into Atty. 
Similarly Addison became AttisOD. 

1614-1:. Chrirtopber Atlye and Elii. 
Richanlton; Manage Lie. iLoodon', ii. 

1639, Bapt,— Leah, d. Thomas Ait: 
Sl Dfonii Backchurch, p. 106. 

1640-1. — Maiy.d. EdwardAlye : ibid 

'Here lyeth thebodr of Richard Atty- 
•on, late pallor of Clev, who departed 7th 
Nov. Ifij9.' Cley, co. Norf. : FP. i*. 379. 

1711. Manied— William Alter and 
France! Part: St J«.Cierkenwell,iii.J3}, 

Atwatar, Attwatsr.— Local, 
'at the water' ; cf. Bywater, All- 
wood, Attwell, &C.J v. Waters, 
This surname, having crossed the 
Atlantic, is more strongly repre- 
sented in New York than London. 

John Atte Water*, co. Soney, » Ed*. 

WiUiainAteWatten,co.Oxf..ll73. A. 

jolin Ale Water, co. Suff., ibid. 
Eliaa Atcwaler. co. Camb., ibid. 
Thoioa. Bite Walyr, C,R, 4 Hen. V. 
14in Robert nlle Wfllre : CaL of 
Willi in Court of Hailing. Z. 

nlholin (London), p. 43. 

Yoi^'fi. ' 

Jane Page : St. A 

CrociiTord, 1, 
Boaloa (U.S-X J, 

Atwiok.— Local, ' at Che wick* ; 
V. Wick ; cf. Attwood or Attwell. 

Gtoffrey Attrwyk, eo. Emac, ijji. 4. 

GeoCftey Atlewyche, co. Etsei, ibid. 

Gerraae Att-wylit rector of Aylmer- 
ton, CO. Norf., 1179 : FK. viiL Sl. 

1770. Married— Thnmsi Cotton and 
Mary Allwick : St. Geo. Han, Sq. i. 304. 

John Doratl and Eliialieth At- 

wick: ibid. 

Still existing on authority of 
Lower (i860). 

Atworth.— Local, ' of At worth * ; 
not a compound of 'atte' and 
' worth,' but from a parish in dioe. 
of S:irum, 

Geoffity de AiCewnitb, ca Wilt^ 
'WiUiam de Auewulbe, co. Wilt*, ibid. 




Aubln.— Bapl. 'the son of 
Aubin.' 1 presume a variant of 
Alban or Albin, q.v. ; cf.St.Albyn 
for 51. Alban., Hnnli, 1171. A. 

William Aubyn, w. Som* . ibid, 

Felicia Aabyn, co. Hunu. ibM. 

John Anbyn, co. Naif,, > Ed*', III : 
FP, vili. 161' 

William Aubvn. n>clor of WeM Walton. 
CO. N«f,, nm': ib>d. ix. 141. 

iftpO, Bapt. — Abnil-om Hurcv, a, 
Abraham Aabin: St. Muy Aldctmary, 

LoiHlnn. I : HDB; (Cambridac), 5 : 
BoBonlL'.S.). ,1- 

Aubrey, Aubeiy, Auburr, 
Aubreyson.— Bapt. ' tbe son of 
Aubrey' (Domesday, Albericus) ; 
feni. Albreda, whence Aubrey, 
both maac. and fern. 

Anbri Bnnl. ro.Canib„ lirt. A. 

lohannn lit Anbrc, i-o. Chi.. Ibid, 

rfoflrer Anbri. co. Camh.. ibid. 

Richard 6\. AHhIcI. m. Camb.. ibid. 

Atbnicni lli>li-4rr. C. 

Albiicnik Child. T. 

Ralph Aab">. rFcror of AD(in£hain, co. 

r f jus, 1379 ■ 
T^^. C. R., 6 Hen. VI : FF. 
^nli«y. or Awbrtty. or Aubiy, 

P. T. Yoi 

Margaret Walla : St. Mary Aldcn 

TTTi. Marrlrd— lohn Anbrryand M*rv 
Colebrook*^; Sl.Ceo. H-n. ScKl. aKi. 

London, 4. a, 1, o; New Toilc, 1, i. 

Auoher.— Bapt. ' the son of 
Aucher' ; v. Auger. 

Auden. — Bapt ' tbe son of 
Aldwitt' The ordinary and natural 
modification, V. Alden : cf, Bawden 
and other forms from Baldwin. 

Crockrard, 3. 

Audley, Audlay.— Local, 'of 
Audlcy,' a parish in dioc. Lichfield 
and CO Stafford, formerly Aldithe- 
ley; Aldlth no doubt being the 
name of the original proprietor; v. 

Bra de Aadley, 45 Edv. lit, co. Norf. : 

™"de AiditMili co.'Saiop. itid. 

Hago de AndeleyEh, to, SulF.. id Edw. 

Nicholai de Anddiy, co, Salop, ibid. 

Robert Awdrlre, 
Villi FF,ii.369. 

i(<74-(. Matthew Aadley and Alice 
Kale: MamaireAllt.<Canlerhi>ry),n.a.i|g. 

itKo. MaTTled-IohnFardeilandAnn 
AndlcT : St. Ceo. Han. Sa. i, 307. 

New Ymli, 3, i. 

Audrey.— Bapt. ; v. Awdry. 

AuduB, Awdas. — Bapt. ' the 
son of Aldus,' a natural modifica- 
tion ; V. Aldbouse. 

iigg. Married-- William Gnntrin and 
Mary Andau : St. G>n. Htm. Sq. ii. 19.1;. 

ShrflieU, o, 4; Weit RIdin)[ Conn 

Aufrore.— OcciiD. ' le OrfevTc," 
the goldsmith ; v. Offer. 

Auger, Angler, Augur, 
Aucher.— Bapt. ' the son of 
Auger' or 'Aucher,' probably a 
French form of Oger, whence 
Odger, q.v. Auger and Aucher 
are treated as the same name in the 
Visitation of Essex (1541), l^. 36, 
iBi, an. 753. 

Henrr Aaeer, atioa Henry CL Aucher. 
raCamb.. 1173. A. 

Anrer Gl. Badon. co. Salop, ib' ' 

John (il. Aocheri, ™. Camh., i 
- "■ ■ 1m Aweer and ' 
latre Uc. (Londc 

..,, -Eiitabeth And,,., ^ 

CO. Kent: St. HaiyAldennaryCLondon); 

London. 1,1,1,0; Boaton (U.S.), 6,0,1,0. 

Auguat.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Augustc.' Probably an importa- 
tion from the Low Countries or 
France, as 1 find few traces of the 
name in England as a font-name, 
except in the form of Austin, q.v. 
The Boston 'U.S.* Direcloty has 
August, Auguste. Augusta. Augus- 
tine, and Augustus among its list 
of surnames; cf. German August, 

i66.i. Franrii AnEaH, of CieeoiKich. 
and Mary Piiher: Marriage Alleg. 
ICanterhnrv), n. 03. 

Francii AnEBit. 7643: Reg, St. Haiy 
Alderniarr (London), p. in. 

T7T>- Married — i^aac AuiniitDB and 
RrbeccB Rawlinn : St. Cw^. Han. Sq.i.iii. 

London, a; BoHon (U.S.), 4- 

AugUBtlua.— BapL ' the son of 
Augustine.' Popularly known in 
EngiandasAustin.q.v. Augustine 
is a dim. of August, q.v. 

AsKiWln Acrriaia. co. Hnnla. 1171. A. 

Mariou GL Aagaatin, co. Hanti, ibid. 

John Aagnilyn, co. Camb., ibid. 

}fg6. Marriod— Gailbart Wiiktaon and 
Geritrnde Augualln : St- Anlholln, p. jB, 

i6i]i, Bapt '- Thomailn. d. John An«B- 
tine : St Jaa Clerkenwell, 1. 67. 

i66;-fl. NIchnlaa Rrere* and Sarah 
Anitnnin; Marriage AUeg.(CaBterhary), 

''■ London, 1 i BoMon (U.S.). i. 

Auld. Ault, Aulde.— Nick. 
■ the old," a North Enilish form ; v. 
Ould ; cf. Youne, Yonge. The 
following is curious :— 

1608. 'July 7. WB( drlii'crfd anlo 
Chri>ic« hrHniiall a chiM that waa laid 
at Sir Williun Paddie-a doie. who ia 
named Elizabeth Akle': St.MafyAlder- 

17)18. 'Marrixd— John Anlt and Haiy 

Will: s,_ Ceo. Han. Sq. ii. 16. 

Gnrge Slemaker and Ann 

-' Ja^ei^aU and Sarah Poacher : 

London, 3. o, o; Uancheater. 1. 9, o: 

PhiUdelphia, 7, i, i. 

Aust, Austen, Austin, Aoa- 
tl&g, Asten, AbUd, Astlns. — 

Bapt. 'the son of Augustine*; 
O.E. Austin. Very popular in the 
13th century. 

'Til he fogndede frerra 
of Aaatyi>c* ordre." 

Pier* Plowman, ioig3-4. 
A whole column of Austin appears 
in the London Directory. The 
name was made common by the 
Austin Friars, or Black Canons, as 
they were often styled from their 
black cloaks, who were established 
early in the lath century in Eng- 
land, and possessed of about 170 
houses. Astin (q.v,), confounded 
often with the local Aston, wM 
an early form. 
A^tindeBcnninEton.iri. Line. 1173, A. 

AuiiinTri^ C. R ', 4t"H«i. III. 

AagaMinni Mewbild, 1370 : P. T. 
Ynrku, p. 1S6. 

Willelimu Aoatyn-man, L e. aetvant, 
im: ibid. 

John Auflen.ofABatTB.OT ADgaatyue, 
1^38! Beg. Uni». Oif-t 100. 

itc;. Butied-Auatin Clark; St. Dionia 
Backehnrch (London), 

1 ^70. — Alice, d, of Anattn Pawmer : 
St. Michael, Cotnhill, p. 191. 

1777. Married— Ceonje Stanaer and 

London. It. iS. 89. J, 1,0, 1; ^ 

' Auty, Awty.— Bapt 'the son 
of Auty ■ 0). Seemingly an early 
personal name. A well-known 
surname in co. Yoric 


D,y.:,.eG by t^OOg IC 


t Jxhuiia Bi 

^nVji hi 

Simon AnlT t. . 
13TO: p. T. York*, p. 

Robeniu Ant]' : ib 

Cecilik Amy : jbidp 

George Auie. of LTdiate. 15^ : ' 
■tClKBer(i345-ifiwX t S. 

17S4. Mamiid— JobnBaldwinsnd 
Asty : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 163. 

Weu Kidinr Court Dir., ' ■ 
<U.S.), 2, o. 

Avellng.— Bsp>t. 't 
Aveline'; v. EvtJine. 
Aveliag is, of cours 
as in Jennings. 

AnliMkGro*. J. 

AveliwlikLryL J. 

Willjun AivliM, CO. Oimb., ibid 
Tbonai Kvdb: ct Avelyn uior «iUL 
iJM! p. T. Yorli. p. 117. 
AicUni Btnuxl, CO. Norf., temp. 14^0: 

Ilark7, Co. Nort, 1489 : ibid. i. SJ. 

John Av«lyn, iricur of Tibenhain, co. 
Nuf, 15031 ibul. T. 37S. 

Aveline is round botii in the i6lh 
and iitli cenluries as a foot- name. 

157,1. Tremor H.n-y= und Aveline 
Bdawyn : Uarrisee l^c. (London), i. A6. 

i66l'>. SunuerremnKU ud AveJin 
BateniBn, CD. Berlu : Marriage Alkg. 
iCMMfbnrjt, p. 66. 

1708. Sainnel Arrlrnc and EIIl Ceoixc- 
Lnroclie: Uaniaccl.ici London), ii, iti. 

London, 3; ^on (l.S.), »,■ Uiri. 
ICambridgcl, 7, 

AvensU, Averall, Averlll.— 

t Bapt. ' the aon of Avenel ' (I). 
Always wilhoutprefix in the Hun 
dred Rolls, whoae iiutances are 
generally in the neighbourhood of 
CO. Camb. Ur. Lower suggests a 
local origin from Avenelles, in the 
department of Eure. This is quite 
possible i one thing seems quite 
certain, the chief modern variant is 
Averill or Averell. Any one who 
has studied the corruplions under- 
prise at this, 

JoJin Aviml, co. Camb., 1173. A. 

Kalpb AvckI, CD. Norf., ibia 

Elena Avcttel CO. Oif„ ibid. 

i6id Richard Tieaiaiid Mary ATcrill, 
iLWUiiam Amell (.aici: Hairiajn Lie 
(London), ii. .78. ' 

1664. Bapt.— Ann, d. (kor)^ Averill ; 
St. Ju. Clerliennll, i. 311. 

London, 3. 0,01 Boiton(U.S.),i^ 3, 19. 

ATOOer,— Occup, 'the avcner." 

chant. JVchicfoScerofthestable, 


who bad charge of the provender 
for the horses^ CH.E.D.). 

For the lordyi bonis ererychon.* 

1460, Boke oTCunaiye, 105. 

■To Jolio Redyng, avener, for ihe 
cipcnR. of le palfrfii, m/. • : MaleHali 
for HiBory of Rci[n of HenrvVIl, p. 407. 

Alan k Avener, CO. Line, 1173. A. 

Walter le A^'ene^, co. Oik., ASi. 

William le Avenare, co. Oif., HA. 

Ralph le Avcner, 1306. H. 
I am afraid the surname is extinct 

Avery, Avory, Auvrey, 
Av«rBoa,— Bapt. ' the ion of 
Avery ' ; v. Every. Avery is 
Strongly represented in the United 
States, especially in Boston. This 
is easily accounted for. Jacob 
Averie (aged 33) and George 
Avcric (aged as) sailed for Virginia 
in 1635. Others of the same name 
followed, (v. Hotten's LUts of Emi- 
grants, p. lai, and v. Index.) 


D. Notts, ] 


'7J- i 

1608. Avere ThompBO, o 
Qaecn'i Coll.: Ki^. Cniv. 

itbg. Married — Hi 
and EliLPhiUippea: St. 

1611.— John Bnrley and Mary Avarey ; 
Marriage Lie (London), ii. loi. 

1780.— Jamci Avoiy and Lucy Chriit- 
aao: Si. Geo. Han. So. i. 31S. 

London, 13, 3, I, o ; Boitton (U.S.), 41, 

Atm, AtI*. Avlaon.— Bapt. 
' the son of Avis,' originally Hawlsia 
or Hawoyse. This very soon 
settled into Avicia, Avice, or Avis. 
It was decidedly popular for several 
centuries, and isjust coming into use 
again, after two hundred years of 
almost entire neglecL (For history 
of the name, v. Yonge, ii. aia.) 
For further instances, v. Haweis. 

GeoHrey fiL Avtce, co. Line, uad. 
Margaret fit. Avice, co. Camb., ibid. 


le Aabervete. H. 

"9- ^ 

1300. BapL— Avi*. d. Philip Clill: 
Stepney Pariih Chnrcli. London. 

iHKh — A^Hcc, d. Tbomaa Bennett: 
Rev. St. Colnmb Major, Cornwall. 

iBoi, Buried- Margery Avi»n: Si, 
Feter'i, Comhill, p. 151. 

-'-- " — -lel Avia and Elii. Lcoton: 

popularly , 

1773. Married— Ceorp Pluralej and 
Doroihy A™ : St Ueo-lfin, Si], i. 331. 
i77S.—WimaniAve»and Mary School- 
London, 5, 7. o ; Philadelphia, c^ I, 3, 

Awdrey, Awdry, Audrey.— 
■■ ■ '" e aon of Etheldredn.' 
Awdry, St. Awdiy's 
held on Oct. 17, at the Isle 
of Ely, Its St. Awdry necklaces, 
showy but cheap, gave rise to the 
term ' tawdry-lace,' whence ac|j. 
tawdry; v. Skeat. 


Elheldreda Plote, co. Camb., 1173. A. 

Audrey Bendiih, 10. Norf, : FF. vilu 188. 

Awdric Bulla, temp. Elii. Z. 

1367. Bapt,— Andrye Chattertoni Sc 
Micliael, CcIfnhilL 

i,S70. Married— George Bnrton and 
JoaneAwdry: St.Anthol]a(London),p.a7. 

1610. Bapt.— Awdrey, d. John Cooke, 
batcher : Sl Dioni* Backchnrch (London). 

1614-5, Thomas White and Audrey, 
aliu EihelJred Asnie 1 Uariisge Lie. 
(Ljiiidon), Ii. 149. 

Awdry Almond, 1635: HoUen'i Lint 
ofB-niKranl. p.?}. 


..., .e (fen.X 1636: Si. 

iry (London), p. 18. 

173;. Duneu- Andnr, wife o( Thoraas 
Amvaa. turveon : Si. Andrew the Aposlle 
INofwich): FF.iv.311. "^ 

■ 768. Married-Rowland Honkini and 
AuUery Sleveni : S^ Oo. Kan. Sq. i. 1S3. 

London, o, o, o; Crockford, o, 5, o. 

Awra.— Lo<^, ' ol Awre,' a 
parish in co. Glouc. 

Robert de Awre held Airre and Boi, 
CO. Clone, 55 Hen. Ill: Aikyn'i Hist. 

Waiier'deA'wre,co.GIOBe, 1 Bdw.l: ibid. 

MDB. (CO. Gloac), 1. 

Axon.— Bapt. 'the son of 

(T). This Lancashire and Cheshire 
surname has clearly no connexion 
wilhAiton(q.v.). Itisapatronymic 
formed like Jaxon, Dixon, Dix, 
or Cox, which represent Jackson, 
Dickson, Dicks, or Cocks. I can 
but suggest that it is Atkinson, 
which in my part of l.ancashire 
(Furuess) is invariably pronounced 
Alkison or Akison ; v. Atkinson. 

Thomas Acaon, of Knollysfonh, in 
Cheshire, ijiii : Willi at Cbeser (ijij- 

' f^nVc^Bn. of Leflwick, 1385 : ibid. 

John Acknn, of Leflwich, yaniun, 
i&i : ibid. ,i6ji-i6TO>, p. i. 

Thomai Axon, of Aahton-andet-Lync, 
kmliandman, 1633 : ibid. p. 10. 

13S1. Bapt. -Ellen AckcKn: Tied: 
bury Ch, (co. ChettcrX p. 68. 

1601. William A«in, co. Chca. : Rrg. 
Univ. Oaf. vol. ii. pt. ii, p, 156 



Axtell.— t Bapt. • the son ol 
Anell ■ (!) ; probably a varianL 

Ralph Aicil. oo. Somi. i Edw III: 
Kirtir'aQustp. ino. 

168}. fmrph Collycr and EHi. A>lell ; 
UarrUre Ari«, (Cantcrlnry). p. 118. 

'"" "ohn Anitill and Wary Drew; 

o. Ml 

farried — Richard J 

t Belt: 

fu. Clcrkew 

LoodoD, 4, 

Axton. AxtoB, Axon.— 
Local, 'of AxlDD.' A hundred in 
CO. Kent. Axon, in the south of 
England seems to be but b lazy 
corruption. The following entries 
(1557-77) manifestly refer to the 
same family: — 

1557. Married '— Lawrence AxFOn and 
Margatpt Upper: St. Peter's, Comhi" 

'^1561. Bapt— LawrmccAttDiuie: ibi 

1561. BnrLed— LawniBiici Atti 

1571. Bept— Manreiy, d. of LawiEn< 
A10D : iliid. p. >9t. 

1. Ija. 

— Charlei,(.Johii Aitdo: ibid. 
; Maadiciter, 0^ 


Aylen, Ayllns, Aylin-^Bapt. 

'the son of Aylwin,' q.v. Com- 
pounds of win always corrupt to in, 
*H, and ingi v. Golden and Golding 
for Goldwin. The g in Ayling ' 
of course, eicreacent ; ct Jennini 

Aytljae. Algar, to. Camlu, 1173. A. 

Adam Aylinc, co. Oif.. Ibid. 

Richard Aytine, co. Msnta, ibid. 

TtHxnaa Allwine, co. Orf.Tftnd. 

itial. Bapt.— BlatK, a. Nichobu Ayle. 
■ng : St. Ju. Clerlieniirell. L oa 

176a. Married — Geoive Waldle and 
AnnAvllnK! St.Geo. Han. Sg. i. i8.v 

MDB. (CO. EhtiI, I, o^ I : London, I, 
II, o J BoUon (U.S.), u, i, o; New Yoiii, 

Aylett, AyUett, Aylott.- 
Bapt.<the$onofAilet' Thisisthc 
Domesday form of the personal 
name (Lower), For other forms, 
V. Allotl. 

Walter Ailet. ts.Cainb., 117J. A. 

Kaleriae Ayllyht, cd. Cajnb., ibid. 

iViiiiam Allot, ™. Camb, ibid, 

j6iS. Thomaa Wettbraok and Joane 
Aylet : Marriace Lie. (Londont, ii. 104. 

i6;v B»M.-3;li>irlen a. Edirard AUetl ; 
Sl.rai.ClCTken«eii. i. 185. 

17JO. Married — Georee Tamer and 
Ellt. Aylett ! Si. Dioni> Backchqrcl;, p. 67. 

London, 9, 1, + ; BD.lon(U.S.),o,o, 1. 

Ayllffe, Aylieff.— Bapt, 'the 
sonofAilof.' In Domesday. 

AiicrdePaleatn, 1176: KKK. p. 15. 

EUafSI. Gospatricii66: ibid. p. 10. 

Amaed PiIi-AIdF, ihrrilt of London, 
1108: WWW. 

Roberta* HaylyT, 1379 : P. T. Yorka. 

•ci, 1648 : Reg. Bt, 

A^ifT Wliite fmu 
Ju. Cierlienwell. p. 

Slin Aliff, iS+t: loiu. u. im. 
lomaa Ayloffe. co. Eaaei, c. 1500: 
FF, V. 335. 

161J8. IUlherinr,d.ofT1ioniaiATloffe; 
St. Feter'a. Comliill, li. p.ii. 

■ 70a. BnpL—EliaabMh, d, of Tbonai 
AyloH'e: SL John BaptiR on Wallbrook 
(London), p. 174. 

• jSS- MarTirJ— William AytilTe and 
Franen Weilon ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. L 344. 

Aylmer, Aymer, Aymar. — 
Bapt. 'the son of Aylmar' or 
' Allmar.' Several insUnces occur 
in Domesday ; v. Amery. A com- 
mon surnamein the Hundred Rolls. 
It was already going out of fashion 
in the 13th century as a font-name, 
and is rarely found as such in the 
t4th century, but it secured here- 
ditary honours as a surname some- 
what early, and as a consequence 
is well represented in our direc- 
tories. The / is usually elided in 
the United States, but this occurred 
so early as the 13th century. 

Aymar Hilche, co. Honla, U73. A. 

AHam Aylmer, co. Camb., ibid. 

William Aylmar, co. Oif., ibid. 

Avice Ailmar, 00. Canb., ibid. 

John Ayimerr., rector of Inirworth, co. 
Nnrf.. ■ 

Thomaa Ailmer. co. Son*, 1 Ednr. Ill : 
Kirby^a Qunt, p. lag. 

1616. Married - Henry Carlwrit and 
AnnAlloiel : St. An Iholin (London), p. S'- 

1697. jBHiinian Aylmer and Catherine 
Faulkner: Marriag;e Lie (Landon),ii. 313. 

London, a, o, a ; Boaion <U.SA o, o, 3 : 
New Yoik, o, 0, J ; PhiUdelphia 1,0,0. 

Aylvrard, Aylard. — Bapt 
' the son of Aylnard ' ; r. Allard. 

■ d-dOldconi. ' 

Hundred Rolls) led on to AUard, 


Simon 111. Aylwaid, CO. Laiie.,ioEdv. 
L R. 

JohnAyleward, Norwich, 1315: FF.Ir. 

'"ftamond Aylewari vicar of Swardes- 
ton, CO. Norf. 1176 : ibid. v. 5a. 

NichDlai Alyward, co. Soma., i Bdw. 
Ill : Kiiby'i Qaest, p. 17a. 

l6qi. Bipt.— Winiam,a.WUIiamA7le- 
waId: SL jaa. Clerkenwell. 1,343. 

1705. Buried ~ Thomas Aylwiud: St. 
Dionia Baekchnich, p. 174. 

London, a, 1 ; Boaton (U.S.), ii, a. 

Aylwln, Alwln, Alwlne. 
Alwyaa,— Bapt 'the son of 
Aylwin ' ; v. Aylen. 

Rkdiard Alewyo, ea Wllla, Hen. Ill- 
Ed*. I. K. ' 

Alewn (witfaoM tunaineh eo. Noif.. 

Aln-yne Twhe, co, Camb., ibid. 

Robert Ayln-vne, CO. Camb., ibid. 

Emma Aylwine, co. Hanta, ibid. 

Reginald Ailwyne, co. Cainb. ibid. 

Ridiard Aylweyn. rector of Dichle- 
hnrsh, co, Norf., 1304 : FF. i, 194. 

1666. Thomaa Aylwyn and Mary Hani : 
MarriaKC Allef ((jan.erburyV p. iij. 

1760. Married — William Aitwln and 
Mary Wiixht : St. Geo. Han. Sq, 1. 189. 

Loadon, 1, 1,0, o; Philadelphia, cs 1,1, 1. 

Aynaley ; v. Ainsley. 

Ayre, Ayer. — Official or nick. 
'the heir.' It is curious to note 
that while Ayre is the almost 
universal English form (saving 
Eyre), Ayer is equally universal 
in the United States. For early 
and other instances, v. Ayres and 

Roger Ic Harre, or Eyre, or Ayer, co. 
Notf., ia64 : FF, v. 310. 

'S8j. Humphrey Wcicer and Kalherine 

— - Maniige Lie. iLoDdon), 1.118. 
" led— Fiandi Lee aad Aon 

XondcKi, a, □ ; Boaton (U.S.), o, 49. 

Ayras, Ayan, AjBn, Ayrle, 
AyTB. — Kick. 'thesoQoftheheir.' 
No doubt a variant of Ayre or 
Eyre, q.v., with the patronymic s 
suffixed, as in Jones, Simmons, 
Roberts, See. Therefore literally 
'the son of the heir.' Hy first 
instance seems to set the matter at 


"Vs^a! John Ayer and Alloc Hoyki 

llalmi«a Lie. (LaodoB), i, ill. 

Ayer: 1 

D,y,:,.eG by t^OOg IC 



1610. Hiif;h Joii» and Elli. . 
Uarria^ Lie. (Londonl, p. «j. 
1724. MHrrjed— Richard Ayan 

Several famities of Ayres or Aires 
went out to America in the 17th 
centuiy, which fact accounts for 

ATTton.— L«c*l, ' of Airton,' a 
torcnihip in the parish of Kirkby- 
io-Malham-Sale, near Settle, West 
Rid. Yorks. 


Willdmu dr. Avretoa ; ibid. p. 171. 

1661. John Bond «nd Murgray Aynon ; 
ManiugK Allff . (Canterbnir), p. 50. 

1797, Muried— John Bu-W and Cbar- 
loUo A>Tton : St Geo. Hu. 5q. ii. 


Boalliam, Balun.— Local, 'of 
Baylham,' a parish two miles and 
a half from Needham, Market, co. 
Suffolk. The surname is evidently 
imitative of Baalam. 

1613. Klchanl ^am : itid. p. 439. 

Raben Balim, rector of Wnlnkcn, 1 
Hcwf., i6iS' FF. li. 130. 

' JdxU oppanDnmr AaDO, niorprima 
JacDlilVerd<in,A.M.,GliaGHllFlnii Bitain. 
•nniECTi, IJ die Fclirnarii, 1684.' Ea« 
DerAta. 10. Norf. : Ibid. x. 314- 

Alctander BaUm, co. Norf., )i 1 

1684. AnihoQv BaliaiB and Hj 

Vernon 1 Uairiaie AUeg. (CaDtslraiyX 

'WilliuB TBfbell 

TBlfoell and Maty 
Lie (FacnICj Office), 

London, 1, o; F(iiladel|AIa, o, 5. 

Babb, Babba— Bapt. ' the son 
of Barbara,' from the nick. Bobb. 
Barbara was extremely popular in 
the 1301 and I4tb centuries ; t. 

Wahef Babbe, to. Sofu., i Bdw. ni i 

ii^'nTi^I^ '£b: CaL of Willa is 
Court ofHoitiiw. 

Bnthd Babbe, co. Hnnta. 1373. A. 

lolin Babbe, co. Wiha, iUd. 

WUiam Balibe, co. OiT., ibid. 

I55J. UaTTted—RidurdBabbandBUi. 
Tunion 1 KeMinelOD Charch, p. iU, 

155s- - Jolui BJc^ and BIk bbba : 

ijg6. John Babb, CD. Line; Keg- Univ. 
Oxt^at. Up. 116. 

1157. UarTtrd— Waller Sliroealiin and 
CuMriui Babb : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. it. 

1 765. — GeoTEB SoldcD aad Elbbah 

Babbage, BabbldgA, Bab> 

idge,— Local, 'of Babbage.' Prob- 
ably some local name with the 
same prefix as Babbacombe, co. 
Devon, from which district the 
family are sprung. 

1754. Baried — Edmnnd BablHEe : St. 

!aiy AJdcrmBTy, p. 319, 

1707. MnrriH) — Benjai] 
Betiv Flomleigh Teape 

^Chirln Babbage {1791-1S71), the In. 

near Teignmosth, in eo. Devoe'i Diet. 
Nat. Oog. ii. 304. 

ahlre Dir.), £^0,0; 


Babor.— Local, ' of Baber,' 
Mr. Lower derives it from the 
Hundred of Baber^ co. Suffolk. 
But in the Cornwall Directoi? 
occuia a place called Baber, seem- 
ingly the sane as St Dominick. 
Baber is a familiar Devon and 
Cornwall surname. 

HeniT Babie, CO. Camb., 1373. A. 

1570. BapC — Alice, d. nT Edward 

mSaiSt-Jn. Cleitenwdl. L 6. 

1(83. PraBcii Baber, London 1 tleg. 

nlrTOif. yol. ii. pt. ii. p. iiB, ^ 

i6oi. Uuned-Jnhn Baber and Jane 
Whitlockf: St. Michael, Comhi]l,pi7. 

1608. John Baber, co. Somi.; iUg. 
Univ. On, voL ii. pt. ii. p. 300. 

ifisi. Edwoid Baixr, co. Sons. : Ibid. 

Ayeb, Aysbfbrd.— Local ; v. 
Asb and Aahford. These seem to 
be Devonshire variants ; cf. Ric. de 
Ayswell (Ashwell) or Philip de 
Ayston (Ashton), 1373. A (index). 

1663. Thoinaj Sayward and Maty Gold. 
Atlejfcd by Tliomaa Aynhe ; Hairiage 
All»g. iCanterbory), p. Sg. 

1^. Robert ^^^d Elk. Aidie;. 
Maniige Lie. iLondon), it J31, 

Loodbn, o, >. 

ington,' a parish in co. Somerset, 
five or six miles from Frome. Also 
hamlets, Great and Little Baluiig. 
ton, near Hezliam, co. Nortbum> 

Kaeh de Babintone, CO. Dertiy, 1171. A. 

RoBhI de Babineton, ■& Line, itnd. 

Richard de Babinglon Hagna, co. 


J. Northnnib., 



1576. Jo&iBalMn|tton,co.Notta: 1 
iiY.Oif.vol. ;i. 
Jig/. Heniy Babington, co 

BaUngtoB (15G1-86X >e*d«- 

. ; Bgaiait QDeeiT 

fnim foba de 


Notthnmberlaod ' i Diet 

.. - Catholic 
Bliiabelb. ... 


Bio£."'i'r J0&""' 

Crocklafd,3 i London/io ; Hev York,i. 

B«blact<m.— Locals 'of Bab- 

The writer adds that branches of 
this family settled in cos, Derby 
and Leicester. From the latter 
Hacaulay look his second name. 

London, 3; Croclili>nl,io; NewYodcj. 

BaobeIl«r, Bach«Ider.— OS- 
lal, 'the bachelor'; v. Batchelar 
nd Batchelder. 

{snlan le BachOer, co. Oif., 1173. A. 
lobett Bachelerr^ eo. Wilta, ibfl. 
1383. Edmnnd Bachelor and Elic. 
Swinaoa : Haniage Lie (London), L i>6. 
1600. William Bachiler, co. Wore. 1. 
Reg, Univ, Orf. vol. il. pt li. p. 1*1- 
iSio. StepbHi BacfaUer, co. Hanti: 

Bi«on tU,£X p, IS- 

Ba«k, Baoka^Ct) Local, <at 
the back,' i.e. one wbo resided in 
a cottage tying behind some otbett. 



In the Eutero Counties 
IS to correspond with the 
GemuD Bache. 

lolin allc Bock, co. Soma, i Bdw. Ill : 
K(rt7'(QuEii,p. 171. 

i.ijAi-j, Richard M«he and Beiltice 
Backe : MaTTian Lk, iLoa<lon), i. 2<, 

•Robert Bafhr, at Oim, co. tfoif., 
hnabandman/ Dec 13, 1.^194 1 CaI- Sute 

LoDdon, lOt o ; Hiiladdpbia, 3^ 3. 

Backar. — Occup. 'the baker,' 
q.v. ; c(. Backhouse and Baxter, 
. . the backer* vyISa. for 
" Mann, and Hm 

side' : n66. it 
II {H.B.D.). 

HoDKll. E^. 

Uiii: iiftiTTiwe Lie iFacslijOffiiA P- ■'■ 
Bdinud uccar, Ane. », 1391 : CaL 

Stale Papers (DomeMic). iii. 95. 
ljoadoB,a; Pliiladelpliia, 4. 

Baokhouae, Bacchiu, Baok- 
UB. — Local, ' at the bake-houae,' 
from residence thereio. ' Boke- 
howae, or bakynge house ; pialrina : ' 
Prompt Parv. Halliwell nualakenly 
makes it ■ back-house, or wash- 
house (v. Backas, i. 130}. 

ISM. Arnold Chror, gj, ' Ye alul liepe 

Willian atte Bakefioua, co. Soma. 
Edw. Ill ; Kirbv'i Qaett, p. 108. 


*'&iinniidatteBakliii»,1307. U. 

Thomaa Baa±iu. ZZ. 

With Bacchus (imitative), 
KirkuB (Church- bouse), Hallhus 
(Halt-house), or Loftus (Loft' 


Bftokstar, Bagster, Baxter. 

— Occup. 'the bakester,' a bttker 

>read, with the feminine suffix ; 

origitwUy a woman's occupatioD. 

Langland spealcs of 

'Bolcderea and brewrsIeR*, 

'Baxter, bakatarc, baker': Proiopt. 
Parv. p. 31. 

Backster is one of the names in 
Foie's list of Marian martyrs. The 
ordinances of the Guild of the 
Purification (Bishop's Lynn. 1367), 
are signed by 'Johannes Austyn, 
baxUr' (English Guilds, p, 90). 
Capgrave says, ' In this same tyme 
(B. c 005) lyved the eloquent man 
which bite (was called) Plautus, 
and for a] his eloquens he was 
compelled for to dwell with a 
baxter, and grind his come at a 

Giliana le BacMer, 
Jolin le Bakeitere, 

1. Hontt tm 
>. Norf., ibid. 

Cecilia Bakoter, Tidaa, ibid, p 41, 
William Myiton, iadUMir, co. Yf 

.in: W. 1 1 


ThoiDai Smith, tociiukr', 1611: Prata 
Gnild Rolla, p 

London. Oi ; . 
1 ; Philadelphia, c^ c^ ^ 


WilliamilelBakeas.iJ7o: ibld.p.7S- 

Williom BackhowicDrfUcdiiu, ■Fculai 
chaplain, 1538 : Rw. Univ. Oif. 1. 19J. 

1571. Geor|re Backbmae and Ann 
Mcrylon ; Haniacc Lir. (London), 1. ,^i. 

JTSJ. Bapt. — John BicoM, an adult: 
St. Gra. Chap. Uayfnir, p. 11. 

London. 8, a, 01 CiockFord, I, 0. o; 
Weit Riding Coort Dir., 8, a, O; Phila- 
delphia, o, o, 9. 

Baokler.— Official, 'the bache- 
lor ' { V. Batchelor and Blackler. 

Nicholaa le Bakelere, C R., 11 Edw. II. 

l64r. Bapt. — William, a. of Ccorre 
Backler: St. Thooiai the ApoMle 
(LoBdoolp. u, 

iBoS. Man^ — Wntiam Cbilty and 
Elli- Buklir : St. Ceo. Han. Sa. I1. 394. 

Bacon. — Nidc ' the Bacon,' 

a swineherd's sobriquet (I). Avery 
common nick, in the Hundred 
Rolls ! cf. Rgg, Wildbore, Hogg. 
affording proof that Bacon may 
have been used of a live pig origi- 

Jnhnli Bacon. T. 
Cecilia Bacun, co. Norf, 1173. A. 
Wymer Bacon, co. SofT., ibid. 
Simon Bw3^ ca. Oif., AAA. 
Wollcfiu BacBD, 1379: P.T. York.. 

rhomaa Bacon, 1179 : ibnj. p. 34. 
546. HaDiphrcTLnreandAnn Bacon: 
""^IF I"'"^ (London), i. 9. 

.jHattlilaa Bacon, London: Reg. 

b^lad^J^ 78. 

Univ. C._. 

Badama.— Bapt 'the son oi 
Adam ' ; Welsh, Ap-Adam, equlvA' 
leQt;tti, English Adaiuaii; tt 

, Sevan, Bevans, Bethell, 


Ill: Kirb;' ^ 


John ap Adam, n Edn'. 1, ibid. 

imj. Harrird— JohnHoolerandMaiy 
Baddiun : KcnainirtoD Ch., p. 64. 

i6». ThomuB^tlandUVryBaddan; 
Haman- Lie. (London), il. iin 

1630. Bapt — Phillip, a. Wiriiam Bad' 
dami : St Tu. ClerkenwiJI, i. 116. 

Badoook, Batoook.— Bapt. 

' the son of Bartholomew,' from 

nick. Bat or Bate, and suffix -toek; 

Cock; cf. Wilcock, Jcffcock, 

Ceoffrer Balecok, London. 1171. A. 

WiUianl Badecok, co. Camb., ibid. 

Robert Balccoq co. OxC. ibid. 

Roger Badecok, 1)06. M. 

Stephen Badcok, co.Somt., I Edw. Ill : 
lii^'a Quit, p. 88. 

Badokok lervej-a, CD. Soma, ibid. 

156J. Ban'ed-Vineent Badcooke; St 
Peter, Comhill.i. 117. 

1609. Mairitd— John Forwood to Briber 
Bcdcocke 1 StTbomaa theApoatle (Lon. 

Td'ii'!'- John Fell and War^erie Bad- 
cock : St. mer, Comhill, i. 347. 
Crockford, 3,0; London, 6, 1. 

Baddel^, Baddil«y.— Local, 
'of Baddiley,' a parish in co. Ches- 
ter, near Nantwich. Also 'of Bad- 
ley,' a parish in Co. Norfolk. 


Genffrey de Bndcle, co. Suit, ibicl. 

Robert de Badde, co. Norf., Hen. III- 
Edw. 1. K. 

160S-9. William Badelry and Sarah 
Raihbonc: Marriage Lie. (London), Ljio. 

An unhappy corruption, of the' 
imitative class, occurs in the fol- 
lowing entry : — 

■ 703. Married— I nnia Phec and Jane 
Badly: St Aniholiii (London), p; 116. 

London, lc^ 3 ; Bo.ton (U.S.), i, o. 

Badger, Bagger-^-Occu p. ' the , 
badger,' a hawker, a dealer in com 
and other commodities, buying In 
one place to sell in another. 
Thomai le Ba([|rere, co. Oif.. 137.4. A.' 
RobenleBagEcr, CO. Lane, 1331: Lay 

Willclmni Bagger, 1379: P-T. Yorka. 

Ricardu Badrer, 1379: ibid. p. iiB. 
John le Baggere, C, H., 37 Ed*. I. 

■ C7J. R^taSa BadgH-, CO. Wore. : Reg. 
Unir. Oif. voL ii. «■ ii- P- ^ 

I 1605. Bapt.— WllliaiB, •.John Baggeri 
,Si. Thomatihe Apoatld (London), p. 3I..:, 



^.^^^^ * JCWeH fed. CiWf t J>ir„ 
7. o; Bo«« (U.S.), M, o; New Y«V. 

Ctockford, 4. o 

— B»pt 'the son of 

SRrtbolomew,' rrom nick.Bate or 
Bat, and dim. Batkin ; cf. Wil- 
kin, Watkia, &c ; v. Badcock. 

Baukyn Cleri™^ co. E«Eit. WS- A. 

Baickin LoihiB, co. Eno. ibid. 

ITTQ. Mairitd — William Allen and 
Hannali Baitkin : Sc Geo. Han. Sq. L igli. 

Badiutll; v. BasnaU. 

Bags, Bagva, BagRa. Back, 
JBaoka.— Bapt 'tbe son of Ba^. 
This surname occurs frequently in 
early rolls, and always without 
prefix. There seems no rease- *- 
doubt its being a Scandini 
personal name. This is confirmed 
by the dim. Bagelyn (cf. Hewling) 
■nd by the entry Bagekoc, where 
the suffix -coci occurs, which is ■- - '- 
added tofont-nBmes;v.Introd.t 

i. Kelel) Baige, co. Camb, 


1,1^19. RilphBignall, CO. Won 

'1^. MarriEd - Richard Mo 
leoBaKnall ' St.Michael.Coni 
- :il B^nell - 

Heriy Bagelwc, « 



a. p. 158. 


modem corruption. Both forms 
■e familiar in the county. 
1*78. Hamfrey Bap.oll and AHee 
udHM : MarriiR Uc. (Loodon), 1. 80. 
15S4 Robert ^gnaU. CO. Staff.: Rcfr 
- - Ojcf. ™l. ". pt. ii. p. 139. 

7. Nicbolu BaEnuJi, co. Cam. : 


D. Donel, ibid. 

St. Geo. Cliap. Mayfi 

i^niion, J, 1,0; MDR (SlaHonft — , 
3, o J BoMon (U.S.). 3, o, o i Philadelpbia, 

BagridKe.—I-ocal, ' of Bag- 
ridge.' The Hundred Rolls men- 
tion a place called Baggerigge- 
slrete, co. Dorset [A. L loa). 

Walter de Baggcrigg. ™' Tlonct. 

AmicB Baggaie, a 

Bagehaw, Bftgahawo.— Local, 

'of Bagahawc' I cannot Snd the 

spot. Probably 'the Shaw of Bagg,' 

the first settler ; v. Bagg and Shaw. 

Oliicr de Boj;e»cha£he, co. Sonii., 1 

Edw.III: Kirbv'"Qii"t,P"6- ^ 

Richard de BoBg™*»ll'*i ™' bomi., 

Nkhdaiu de BaeKliagbe, 13^ : F. T. 

1597. William Dcnby and Johane 
Ja|ni»l" - i'''''' '■ ^4'> 

ffiomaiBagalev, 1631, Heatoo Noma : 
Lane and Chei. Rcc. See. xii i.u. 

Mancbeiter, .1 >, o. a, o ; London, 1, S( 
4,3,1; Boslon{U.S.),a, 34, 0,0,0. 

Bailay. BaOUe, BalUy, Baily, 
Bayley, Baylle, Bayly, Baylla, 
Bayllm, Baylee, Bayleeo.— Of- 
fie 'the baUle,' I.e. bailiff. The 
same fprms, or nearly all, may 
be seen in H.E.D. (v. Bailie); 
' now obsolete in England, but re- 
tained in a m>ecial sense in Scot- 
land '). O.F. baiai (i3lh cent.); 
later form of bail/a (H.E.D.). 
Hence Baylis, Bayliss, &c. ; cf. 
Jolly and JoUifie. 

'Artowthanabayelyi' 'Ye.'qnodbe. 
— Chancer, Firrti Tale, gJ IquMed in 
"komle Baillif, co. Soma., i Edw. Ill s 

A1vercdltalli™t,co.Unc., ia73. A. 
Henry Baity, co. Oxf, Ibid. 
WUliim Baitif. co. OJ., ibid. 
Seman le Bavlii. J. 
Hrniv le Baillie. IIOT. M. 
SSiXd ifUr^. ™ Hcref, Hen. Ill- 
id*. 1. K. 

Adam Ballef, 1J79 ■■ P-T. Yorkap. I97- 
London, iM, 3, 1, '4, =9. '. 5. '*■ °' '■ 

William Bagelyn. 'eo. Soma., ibid. p. 167. 
In this same record we find 
Bogshay, i.e. 'the hedged enclo- 
sure,' belonging to Bagg. 
Waller Bagg«hey£hc jbid. IK 169, 
Loadon. 4.0, 1,1a. o; CrockKoid, o, 1, 
Os4,oiNe«''™l^'.o.3, "S.^. 
Bagger. — Occup. ; v. Badger. 
Bagley— (r) Local, ' of Bagley.' 
Bagley Wood is an eilra- parochial 
liberty near Abingdon, co. Berks. 
(a) For a second parenUge, v. 

Tbotoroeo de Bajraeleyhe, co. Soma,,»*x;jS-.S-gZLH.d- 

c (CondonX I. Ta- 

. .^ — Agnea, wife of NichoU 

Barley : St. Jaa. aerkenwell, iv. Sj. 
ibit. — Homrry Baglv ! ibid. p. aS3- 
Lwdoa, 5: Philadelphia, 9. 

Bagnall, Badnall, BagneU. 
— Ldcal, ' of Bagnall," a chapelry 
in the parish of Sloke-upon -Trent, 
iB.the tfc.of Staffbrd. Badpall is 

i.^Tfi. Thoraaa fl 

Hamphry Bigehawe, temp. Ehi. ZZ. 

■563. 'Marrie3-Ricl.ard Warren an, 
Ekiwr Bafihawe: SI. Thomai tb 
Apiwle (London), tt J. 

1604. Edward Bagedm*, London 
Res. Univ. Oaf. vol. ii. pL 11. p. "78. 

Sheffield, 13, 1 1 London, 3. 5 : Fb''' 
delphia. 3, "• 

BagBter, — Occup, 'ihebaiter' 

Baggaley, Baggorley.— Local, 
'of Baguley," a township near 
Northenden, co. Chester. The 
Manchester Directory has Bagoley 
and Baggoley ; v. Bagley. 

de Bagele);', coo. Salop and 

Henry dt 
tifr.. Hen. 

1 dc Bagpleghj 131B: 

ibid. ii.JS4- 


Balnbrldge, Bambridge, 
Balubrlggs. — I-ocal, ' of Bain- 
bridge,' a township in the parish 
of Aysgarth, N. Rid. Yorks. This 
surname has spread widely, and 
ramified strongly. 

Rogenii de Baynbryg, 1379 ^ P. T. 
Yorlu. p. 188. , , , , , 

■ChriSnpher Balnbndite (i+64>-i,li4), 
archbi«hopofYork, boni at Hdion, neat 
Appleby, CO, Weatm,' : Dm. Nat. Biog. 

'^ '^toma. Bainbrire, n"*" of ChriWa 
College, Camb. (i£o-i646), "deicendcd 
out orilic North '■ • : ibid, p. 445. , ^ . 

'Reeinald Baynbridge or Baifibngg 
(iMS-i6n*). Bclioolma.iet and anliquary, 
bonl probably in WeetmoreUnd ' : ibid. 

Dir., a. 

Balnea, Baynae, Baliu.— Lo- 
cal, ' of Baines,' some spot in eo, 
Yorli(l). Lowersays'BVillagenear 
Bayeux in Normandy, probably so 
called from bain, a bath ' tp. 16J. . 


[akn At Biyoi, CO. Sufl., Hen. III~ 

Saipiriu dr Bayoni, C.R., » Edw. t. 
Thona* de Bainai, 137Q ; P. T. Vorks 

New York (£yii«), I. 

Bakar.— Occup. 'the bsker' 
V. Bacfcster and Baxter. 
Walter le Baker, eo. Deron, i«j 


RfWBT K Baker. a>. Soma, 

IS«. Bapt. ' ■■-•—■ 

Cornhill. i. 7. 

, 171 i Phllaaklphia, 410. 
Balanoer. — Occup. ' the ba- 
lancer,' a maker of balancei or 
weighing mBchines. 'Weighed in 
the balances,' Dan. v. a^. F. ba- 
lance, • a ballsnce, a pair of weights, 
orballance3,'Cotg. Cocke Lorelle's 
Bote includes— 

'Arawehedera, maltemieD, and conie- 
Balanma, tfnne-eaitcT^ and akrj- 

Ralph le Balancer, Libeiale RolL 11 
Edw. II. He wu lieriff of LondiiD m 

Rinne Balancer. U. 
RadDirieBalanncer. N. 

Km Balaancet. G. 
Iph le Balanncer, London, 10 Edw. 
I. R. 

B(tloh.—t Bapt. 'the ___ __ 
Batch.' Hr. Lower suggests that 
this is an abbreviation of Balchin. 
I should rather say it was the 
parent; v. Balcbto. 

Robert Bakh. co. Soma., i Edw. Ill: 
Kifby'a QnKrt, p. k3. 
1604. John Baiae : Keg. UbIt. CM. 

_ 16,(9. Borled-Mmy, d. John Bakh: 
8*. /at Clerkenwell. 1. 318. 
London, 5 ; MDR (co. Soou.), 4 ; Phila- 

Balohln.— Bapt, 'the son of 
Baldwin,' from nick. Ball (q.v.) 
and BuffiK-ib'Hicf, Wilkin, Tompkin, 
&c. BalchmisaDutchfonn. Lower 
says the fuller form Baldechin is a 
German surname. We may gather 
from the want of early initances 
that this is a name more recently 
introduced from the -— ■-" 

17 Aldermaiy, p. la 

Chap. Haybir, p. 936. 


Baloook.— Bapt. 'the 

1 of 

'in,' from the nick. Ball (q.v.) 
with suffix -eock (v. Introd. p. a6) 
cC Wilcock, &c. This has becDm< 
corrupted to Bawcock, an ordinary 
corruption; ct. Shallcross and 

Alan Balhok, co. Hanti, 1173. A. 

Geoffirv B^a>k. co. Yoik, i6ld. 

Johannea Balk^ 1379: P- T. Yorl 

""lliotBolkok, ijtd: [bid 
Robcniu Balcak. 1379: iblc 

, inied— Ricfiaiii Poge and Sara 

Bavcnke: St. Mai7Ahlennaf7(l-oBdaB). 
p. 16. 

Still exists according to Lower. 

Boldbody. — Kick, equivalent 
to Batlard, q.v.; cf. Freebody. 
Goodbody, Handsomebody, or 

Johanna Baldbody, im: P. T. How 
dcnahirr, p. 5. 

BalderooD, Boldarson. — Lo- 

caI,'of Balderslooi'q.v.; cf. Kelson 
for Kelston. The suffix -stem ' 
frequently modified to -aoti. 

London, 4, o; Boston (U.S.X i, 
Uancheater, o, 3. 

Baldoraton.— Local, 'of Bal> 

derston'or ' Baldeistone,' a pariah 
in CO. Lane, near Blackburn; v. 

Richard de Baldrcaton. CO. Lane, iiu: 

Johinne* de Baldreuon, 1)79: P. T. 
Y«ki. p. 1B9. 

Robertu de BaUmton, 1179 - 'b'd- 

Ric de Baldinton, 1397 : FiaKc Gaild 

William Balderaton, 1459: Ibid. p. 12. 

1 JQI- June. Balderdone and Connance 
Spackman:MarTia^I^c(Londonk, 1.104. 

London, 1 ; llanchciter, 1 ; PhilBilel- 

Baldook.— Local, 'of Baldock,' 
a parish in co. Herts, eighteen miles 
from Hertford. 

Robert de Boldok, eo. NorthampC., ao 
Ed*. I. R. 

William de Baldak, co. Camb., Ibid. 

Elvu Boldek, co. Wilt*, ibid. 

1J37. Georvp Baldock and Acmea 
u.XiL. . "arnaje ' -- " — '—' - " 

1676. dapt.— Geon*, a Saraifl Bal. 
ocke : Sl Mary Aldennaiy, p. 103. 

Baldrey, Baldry.—Bapt. ' the 
son of Baldric' or 'Balderic'; 
V. Brodrick. 

Hnro Gl. Baldrid : Domeaday. 

Kirljy'i Qaeu, p. ito. 

Malyl£ BalcTry, ibid. p. 36a 

1505. William Baldrye and Alice 
Binckea : Mairiaitr Lie. (London), i. Hi. 

1665. Married— John Baldiey and Em 
Smith : St. Jai. Cfcrkenwdl, ill. las. 

London, I, 6: New York, 0,1: Bortod 

Baldwin.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Baldwin.' As a personal name, so 
popular in the surname period 
Ibat it has left its mark deeply 
indented on all our modem direc- 
tories; V. Ball, Bodden, Bawcock, 
&C. Baldwin occurs in Domesday. 
An aunt of the Conqueror married 
Baldwin, earl of Flanders ; and 
William himself espoused Matilda, 
daughter of the fifth Baldwin of 
that earldom. No wonder Flanders 
was called 'Baldwin's land' (Free- 
man's Norm. Conq. i. 6oi). 

Siephea fiL Bakkwrn, eo. Camb.. 

llionaa BaJdwjB. co. Oif.. ibid. 
Robert Baldewne, eo. Cainb„ iUd. 
JohannaBawdwTn,i379: P.T.Yocka. 

ijto. Tliomai Baldwin or Banldwyn, 
co.^op: Reg. Univ. Oif. voL iL pC iL 

I JlW-8. Edward Baldwyn and Mareerr 
DtapFT ; Marriare Lie. (London), I. nS. 
London, 39 ; Fhitadelphia, 94. 
Baleatler, BalliBter.— Occup. 
'the arbelister,' an arhalester, or 
balister, a cross-bowman ; v. Ban- 
ister and Alabaster, 

Bellriter, or Bellyitr^ RA., 
' ' Rer. Univ. CM. 1. 104. 
.r*. --■■-, 

Henry^lialiuiu, GO. Berki, A 
Edw. I K. 

1674. Bapt- 
it. Jai. Ckrke 

KewYork, 1 


"Btigoy. — Nick. 'the bulgy "or 
bulky,' a stout, paunchy man; v. 
Skcat [btilgt and bulb); cf. Fatt, 
Bigg, Little, &c. 
Hiieh1i(aiclBaTl)n'.CO.Noff.,1173. A. 
Hugh le Bain, iSli. 
Ma|oU Balfr. >379: P T. Yocka. p. >). 
MaBld«l2&, .379: ibid. 
Diomda vJOi 'i79: >bld. 
CL(icollr(7lBalk7,c«.UDCnll7}' A. 

D,y.:,.eG by t^OOg IC 



aA^ 1566: Reg. Cniv. OiTi. 14, 

B Uld JUW 

ifioa, HarT>ed-~Jo> 
BllEay : <bkL p. g. 

LondoD, I ; Wot RLdingConrt D< I. 

Balkwlll.— Local, (of Bake- 
well,' 1 parish in CO. Derby, 

Williani (Rnlor de Baulcof 1), co. Lioc, 
JOEdw. I. R. 

Jolin de Bauqoelle, a,. KbiL ibid. 

Cedlia de Bankwrll, London, ibid. 

Rugcr dc Banqnrli. co. Derby, ibid. 

1891. Dird-Williim Rdovi^Ballcwill: 
Dail^TeleKnijh, J.!y .4. 

London, 1 1 New York, 1. 

BoU.— (i) Bapt. 'the Bon of 
Baldwin,' rroTD the nick. Bald. 
This w>3 popularly Ball. The 
large number of Balls in the London 
Directory is accounted for by the 
great favour in which the name was 
held, and the constant influx from 
the I.OW Countries, where for a 
time it ruled supreme. The d in 
some cases might be dropped later 
on. on account of its suggesting 
baldness. We find Balcock in the 
Hundred Rolls, -axi6 being the suffix 
usually appended to the oitik. o( 
fontolnamea(v.Balcock). (a) Nick. 
'the bald'i V. Ballard. The repre- 
sentatives df this sobriquet have 
also dropped the final 4 to hide 
the truth. Amongst very many 

CoHance BiMe, to. Camb,, int. A. 

Richard Bald, oo. dr., ibid. 

jolin BkIIc CO. Norf.. ibid. 

Albred BiJIf, co. Hanu, ibid. 

John BaWe, 10. Somi, , Edw. Ill 
Kirbv't QncB, p. 115. 

lulKlla Balle, 11)79 : P. T. Yorki. p. all 

Joliinna Balde-man, i.c. lobn, the Kt 
vant ot Balde : ibid. p. J17. 

From either (i) or (a) or both 
came a pet name given to various 
annnala. Ball is mentioned as the 
name of a hone in Chaucer and 
Tusaer, of a sheep in the Promp- 
torium, and of a dog in the Privy 
Purse Expenses of Hem? VIII 

' Item, the i4ih day {Maj, luo) paied 
to dne in rewarde for bringing bDBie Ball 
the Klagn dog that wai loate In the 
foncM of Walthani V-' '■ Piiry 

(3) Local, ' at the Ball,' a sigif 
name ; cf. Bell, Roebuck, &c. 
John atte Billr, CO. Sonu., I Bdw. Ill; 


Henry aiie Balkc, co. Soma., i Edw. 

This sign-name baa existed for 

London, 64 ; Philadelphia, 104. 

Ballard.— Nick. ' bald-headed.' 
The hair, or absence of it, gave us 
a large number of early nicknames, 
the majority of which still exist as 
surnames. BalUrd seems to have 
been very popular for a bald-headed 
man; v. Ball Professor Skeat 

'And BCDTncden to hyni ■ayinir. Stye 
up, ballard,' ijSi ; Wycrtf. i Kingi ii. =3. 

Richard Ballehered, co. Somi., i Edw. 
Ill: Kirby'.Q«r,t,p.»6. 

?elrr Ballard, a,. Srani., i Edw. Ill : 

Alar^Bglard, co. Ba», 1371. A. 

Dren Ballaid. to. HanU, ibid. 

ThoniBi Ballard, co. Sol!., ibid. 

H™ryB8lUTd,m,Lanc..30Edw.I. R. 

161.;. Ralph Ballard. 00. Oaf. : R^. 
Univ. Oxf. vol. ii, pt. ii. p, 3)9. 

1634. Married —Willi am Mayle and 
Maiy Ballcrde : St. Maiy Aldermaiy,p. 19. 

London, 16; Philadelphia. lO, 

BalleIne,BaUlii.~Nick.' le Ba- 
lun,' i.e. the whale ; Fr. baliint, 

i«V A. 
Balun. ilnd. 
John k Balnn, co. HeieT., ibid. , 


Ballluger, Ballenger.— Oc- 
cup. ; v. Bullinger. 

1670. Bdnnnd Ban and Andrey Bal- 
linger; UuiiMge Uc (Weatin&ater), 

P- «■ 


Falience BalUnEer: 

Heoiy Kirby and 
St Peter, cirahiti, 

Balm,BallIie.— Loc.'ofBalne,' 
a parish near Snaith, co. York. 
The corruption was an early and 
natural one. The surname is well 
known in the coimty. 

The following entries occur in 
the same villa{:e (Wadworth) : 

Jofaanoea Balne, 1379: P- T. Ynlts. 

lohanoea Balm, 1379; ibid. 
Willelnni de Salne, 1370 : iUd. p. ga 

de Balne, 1379: ibld.p.4Jfi. 

--*-"-■-«, 1379: ibij; p. 39, 

Brewemm: St, Geo, Chap, Mayfair, 0.30. 
Weat Ridinj Court Dii., i, 5; Ne* 

BalBhaw.— Local, ' of Balshaw,' 
some spot in the vicinity ofLathom, 

Adam de Balahagli, co. Lane, 13JI: 

Lay Snbiidy (Rvlanda), p. ijo. 

/(An de Balihaith. ro. Lane., 1131: ibid. 

1608, John BaUiaw, of Snapc vilbia 
Scariibrlck: Wilbat Choler. iTio. 

i6n. William Balibaw, id Wahon-le- 

ilSia. MBrgant Balahaw, o( Uacdaley, 

MDB. (CO. Laiic.), 6; Liverpool, »; 
Philadelphia, 1. 

Bambar. — Local, 'of Bamber,' 
now more familiarly known as 
Bamtwr Bridge, a village three 
miles from Preston, co. Lane. 

161Q. Rofaerl BoDiber, of Daklnfield: 
Willi at Chener.i. 10. 

1643, Robert Bamber; Preston Gaild 

— Jo^n^amber: ibid. 
1M4, Bapt— Kolharine, d. John Bom- 
ber, of Fanjngtoe : Reg. Leyland (co. 

iMV -*4illUun, *. Thomaa Bomber, 
of Etuton : ibid. p. 73. 

London, 2 : LiverpooL 7 j Mancbeiter, 
6; Boaton (U.S.), 6; Philadelphia, I. 

Bambrough, Bambury.---^ 
Local, ' of Bambrough,' a parish in 
CO. Northumberland. 

Beatrix de Bambnrg, co. Nortlnmb- 
Hen. III-Edw, I. K. 

William de Bamhargh, co. Notttaamb., 

Aiii<elmdeBambare'.co.No>f.T»). A. 

Robeilu Jsnilor Caatri da Bambarg, 
CO. NorthDmb., ibid. 

William de Bambnigh, prior of CoUiag- 
ham, 1355: QQQ. p. 380. 

I.U4- John Taiffai and Alice Bun- 
borow: MaTiiage Lie (LmdonX i, 4- 

177c. MarrleJ- William Bambaiy and . 
Ann Goodin : St. Geo. Man, Sq. 1. !$'• 

London,!, 1; NcwYcnk, i, i. 

Bamfield, Bampfiald, Ban- 
fiald, BanfllL— Local, 'of Bam- 
fyld,' aome place in co. Devon or 
CO. Somerset, whence in the latter 
Weston-Bamfyld, a parish six miles 
from Castle-Cary. As a surname 
Banfield is the chief variant. 

IjrS. Amea (Amiaa) Banfilde, eo. 
Devon ; Beg. L'niT. Oif, ™l. il. pt ii. r. 63. 

15B1. Ri^ard Bampfild, or BamBeld, 
CO. Devoo; ibid. p. 100. _ , 

i.SSi. Gile* Bampaid, col Daroa: ibid. 


Hannah Bunfdld : Sc Geo. Han. Sq. 

1766. Marrinl — Sir John Sannden 
SiibriEht and Sarah Knijiht. Witner- 
CoppAVarrc BanpTyldr : ibid. p. 154. 
, - - John fenfidd and B=11T f^unn 

; Exit<;r |BanG11>, i : 

Bamlbrd, Balmfbrth, Bam- 
forth, Bninfiu^ Local, ' ol 
Bamford.' Bircle-cum-Bamford U 

a townabip in tbe parish af Mid- 
dletoD, near Bury, co. Lane 

*TKe «(ate of Bamford waa p-antcd Ic 
Thomaade Bam Ford bv Sir AdwndrBaiv, 
lemp. Heniy III, for Ilia liDtna«e an' -- 
*icn,' &r. : Baina' Lone i. 515. 

RiclurddcBaii>lbrd,«>.York, 117]. A. 

Adam BamConh, 1379: F. T. iorki. 

Adam de Buunrard, 1*70 ; ibid. p. iit 

1602. William Bamrord, of BamFord 

parish ol Bdt7 : Willi at Chetter, >. lo. 

i6i]. Jame* Bamfoid, oT Hntdafeld 

■T}8. Henry Bamford and Elii. B«kcl 

0,0; Bory, l,l,ao| 
3,0; BoMontas.), 1, 

Bampton.— Local, 'of Hamp- 
ton,' pBrishea in cos. Devon, Oxford, 
Cumberland, and Westm. A va- 
riant of the name is Banton, q.v. 

Philip dc Bamptone, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
HI : Kitbv'a QuM, p. 14R. 

Brian de BaiBp<an, co. Oif., Hen. III- 
Edw.L K. 

John dc Bamlon, co. Wilti, IMd. 

tJpK- Uarried— joalma Bamwon and 
ReblKccaSliln:St.G«).Has.S(i. i.371. 

Banbury, Bambury, Bam- 
bery. — Local, 'of Banbury ,'« well- 
known (own in co. Oxford. 

Thomai de Bannebmi, co. Kant^ 

Khonnde dc Banncbar', co. Oif., ibid. 

William de Banaebir', ™, Ori., ibid. 

1591. Edward Banberyc, CO. Uiddleiea: 
Reg. Univ. Oif. vol. li. PL ii. p. 184. 

1619. Tbamu Bunhurir, at Banbnry, 
CO. Kent: ibid. p. 976. Bnl ace Bnnbury 

176s. Married-JoaepliPowdl and Maiy 
Banbury : St. Geo. Hmi. Sq. i. 1*6. 

Londbn, 9, I, 0| Ne* Ycik, c^ % 1. 

Ba&oroft.— Local, 'of ihc bank- 
croft,' i. e. the enclosure on tbe 
^p«. An cast Cheshire name 
that ha$ many representatives in 
the directories of south-east Lan- 
cashire ; V. Bank and Croft. 

traj. John Baneraft, of Haedeafield : 
Will, at Che»tH-(is4s-i6ao), p. 10. 

1603. William Bancrofc, oTWilmatow : 
ibid. ^ 

1669. Henery Banckcnft, aooe ol 
Henety Bancbcroft, oF Maple, bapt. 
April 14: Rrg. Dliley Church (Bast 

1764. Married — John Bancroft and 
Mniy Barbon Clover : Sl Ceo. Han. Sq. 

Ha«faexter, 18; London, 3; Fhlla- 
delpbia, 30. 

. Bani- 

r. Bainfield. 
Banister, Baunlatar.— (i )0< 
cup. A balister (/becoming H ; c 

banisters, lit. baluster?, staircasi 
railings), an arbalester, a cros: 
bowman. O. F. baleslitr: 'treccnti 
loricati. cum balistarii 
cibus machinarum mul 
'■ 57, quoted by Freeman, Hist. 
Nonn. Conq. iv. 583) ; v. Alabaster. 
The name in various forms is 
found in every early list. It it 
sufficient to turn to the London 
Directory to see by the number of 
" ' ■ '■ of the 


qnoted in H.E.D.X 

Ivenrtan (Uli-entui Charch). 
Probably this is an instance of 

ie curious Elizabethan custom of 
appending the old feminine -iltr to 
names of masculine occupation. 
John Corker was, 1 suspect, the 
bailie or tuililf of the town. But he 
may have been a cross-bowman. 
(a) Local. 

Adam dc Baniilrc, temp, 1510 : 
Bainei' Lane, i. 83. 

This is the only entry with 
ob I can find. The Testa de 
Neville, Hundred RolU, andPlacita 
de Quo Warranto have many in- 
«», but all without preBi. It 
is clear however that (1) is not the 
only origin, judging; by the char- 
cter of these entries. 

John Baliitar'. co. Norf- iitl A. 

Wyol BaliaUriu. E. 

Kcnaad Baliataiioa. C 

Bi:SB:sssSa,,'a *■ 

Tbomaa Banaalie, co. Lane, 20 Edw. 

'lohn Banaatre, co. Berlu, Hen. III- 
Edw. I. K. ^ 

Johanae* Banaitre, 1)79: P. T. Yorka. 



1674. Bi 

t Ja».CI 

Tbe surname is found all over 
the kingdom in large numbers. It 
is quite possible that some of these 
entries represent a personal name 

London, 11, 35; BoaCon (U.S.), 3, 6. 

Bank, Banks, Bankes, 
Banks.— Local, ' at the bank,' i.c. 
the slope or declivity in the land. 
Like all other local monosyllaUes, 
it takes a final s, perhaps the patro- 
nymic, as in Jones, Simmonds, &c.; 
cf. Brooks, Styles, &c. 

Nkbolaoi del Bancke, 1.170: P. T. 
York!, p. r6. 

Adam del Bai 


L R. 

'Sl'lftinCci^^^nc, w'Ed^. 

1506. Simon Bancke. co. Cuml>. : Rcf. 

niv. Oaf. vol. it Jit ii. p. J18. 

'S97- William Bank^ co. Dn'on : ibid. 

1700k Married— John Banke* and Ann 
illmiiler;_ St. Ceo, Han. So. i. gi- 

' L^lH.!'o,»,i,Oi NewYork,s,j7, 
0,0; I^iladeli^U (Banke), I. 

Banker.— Offic- ; v. Bencher. 

Banknott.— Local, 'at the 
bank-knot,' one who resided on 
the knot or small prominence on 
(he side of the bank. The name 
looks anachronistic, and suggats 
the notes issued by the Bank of 

Hoben Banknoll. ya Hen. VI; Cal. 
Inquii. PoB Moncni. 
John Banknotic, C R., 7 Edw. IV. 

Banton ; v. Bampton, and cf. 
Banfield for BamJield. 

\6ffi. Married -Banlon and Elenor 
Morice: KentlnEtoa Ch.. p. 7£. 

17x7. — Jodas Banlon and Elii. Price i 
St. Geo. Hkn. Sq. L 71. 

Banwsll. — Local, 'ofBanwell,! 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg Ic 


r Ax- 

Willlarn dc Baiwwell. co. SnOB., i Edw. 
Ill: Kirby'i Quot, p. 84- 
Wftlter BaiKivcIl, eo. Stmt^ 1 Bdw. Ill : 

Jobn Bsnni-ell, co. Somi., I Edw. Ill : 

■6^'. '^'pL-ClriiKnt, L Job Banimell T 

lau. Thomiii Jcpuqn and Marnrrt 
BanoeJ] : UacrlBfe AUeg. (CantcrbarrX 
'''L^'don.i; MDB.(co.Sooii), ij. 

— BapL 'IhesonofBap- 
tiste,' Fr. I have not yet found 
Baptist as an English font-name 
before Henr? VII. It never took 
root in England. Tlie surname is 
vec7 rare. Naturally, nearly alt 
my Instances are Johns. 

IS5'. BaDt— S«ni,i!.o(]ol.nBapl)He! 
5l Dionis Backchur<:h (Lonrlon), p. ;^ 

• Vi.— GrtteV, d. of Jnli n BAptytte: ibid. 

1716. Buried-Iohn Baptial: Si. John 
Ihe Baptist. Wa)broi>lc, p. 10a 


ibid, t 

Londun, 1 ; ITew York, I. 

Barbe.— Bapt. 'the son of Bar- 
bara.' froni the nick. Barb, whence 
Babb, q.v., a Norman-French form; 
V. Yonge, i. 961. 

Richard Barix, co. Soma., t Edv. Ill : 
Kitbr'a QuMl. p. MQ. 

171U. MuTied— Feier Barb and Sarah 
Chandtcr : Si. Gn. Kan. Sq. IL 13a. 

London, I \ Riiladelpliia, 1- 

Barb«r.— Occup. 'the barber,' 
one who trimmed or shaved beards ; 
V, Barbour. 

nomas 1e BarbitonHT. T. 

William 1« Bubiionsm. H. 

Hfnry tc Batbnr. CO. SoiiiL, 1 Edv.III: 
Kirby'i OieM, p. im. 

AlnandKTlcBarbnr, LJWdon.IHJ, A. 

Heniy It Barber, co. dr., Etdd. 

Richard BjuUloiiHir, en. Oif.. ibid. 

jolio le Barber, co. Camb., ibid. 

CeofTrey le Bartrir. co. Hnnu, ibid, 

■543- Jiihii StDflrv and Aenn Baifaor: 
MiuTiaEc Lie iFicoltv Offlcel, p. 1. 

London, 8} ; Pbiladelpliia, 100. 

Barberess. — Occup. 'the bar- 
beress,' a female bBrt>er. Matilda 
has long anticipated the lady bar- 
bers of to-day. 

Matilda la Barbame, ca Cainb., 
1*73. A. 

Biu-beiTjr, Barberle.— BapL 
■'the MQ of Barban,' once po[H)- 

larly Barbery. Barbara was a 
favourite font-name in the surname 
period ; v. Babb, Barbot, &c 

T(Sl. MarTied-Willlam GmsH- and 
BaHwiyHaiticcIc Sl.Aniholin (.London), 

l6og. Bnned— Helline. d. Henrie Bsr- 
bery : St. Jam. Clerkcnwcll, iv. loo. 

169]. — Barberry, an old maid: Chei- 
hant Chorch Rqr. 

I6q6. - Barbery, d. Jeremiah and 
Barbrrv Bird: St. Marr Aldeimary, p. 104. 

■ tk;. Married - Francis Lee and 
Calbecinc Barberry -. SlJob. Ckikenvell, 

'London, 1.0; ITevYork.o, i. 

Barbican. — Local, 'at the bar- 
bican,' from residence thereby; an 
outwork, an outwork of a fort. 

William Barbican, co. Soma., I Edw. 
Ill : Kirby'i Quest, p. 347. 

Barbon, Barebone, Bare- 
bonaa, Barbone.^ Local, (i) 'of 

Barbon,' a chapel ry in the old 
parish of Kirkby Lonsdale. This 
originated Barbon and Barben, still 
existing in Fu mess and the dis- 
trict ; V. Dallon in Furness Dir. 
(a) Barboume. a parish in Wor- 
cestershire. To this place we pro- 
bably owe the south English 
Barbons, one of whom. Praise- 
god, was written variously Barbon, 
Barbone, and Barebones. A good 
deal of fun would have been lost 
(o the world if a certain Parliament 
had been more correctly styled 
Borbon's ParliamenL Even Bare- 
bones' Parliament is inaccurate, it 
should be Barebone's. ' The Long 
Pariiament in Cromwell's time, 
called by derision the Rump, vras 
beaded by one Barebones, a leather- 
seller' (Curiosities of Literature^. 
Here Isaac Disraeli is manifestly 
in error. Peck in his Desiderata 
Curiosa, speaking (1646) of a 
member of the family, styles him 
' Mr. Barbome,' probably the ori- 
ginal form, and suggesting Wor- 
cestershire as tbe home of the race. 

John Baitxm, or Bariuob 1560 : Rce. 
Univ. Oif.i.J7;. 

loKn fisrcbane, B.A., Oion, 1574 : itnd. 

1589. BapL — Thomoa, nn of John 
Barlun, meirhant laylor; Si. Mary 
Aldmnaiy, p. 63. 



ii.. „....^„ 

Sl.__G«>. Kan. Si|. i. 

Barbot, Babalot.— Bapt. 'the 

son of Barbara,' nick. Barb or Bab, 
dims. Barbot and Babelot. Diminu- 
tives in elot were not rare at Ihe 
period ; ct Mamelot from Hamo, 
Richelot from Richard, and Hobe- 
lot or Robelot from Robert. 

Barbain, or BarboCa, <il. Willclmi Gai- 
wev, temp. Hen. III. BBB, p. 166. 

John Barbot, co. Camb., 1171. A. 

Adam Barbot, co. York, ibid. 

Nicholam Babelot, co. Camh,, ibid. 

CeQ!iaBeibotte,i379:P.T.York».p. li 

Bel rii Barbot, 1370 ! ibid. p. 17. 

Barbota oior Martini, C R., 44 Hen. 

1656^ Married -JeRpryBartiel lo Mar- 
I Maria Gwynn: 

Phliodclphia,"',' ' 

Barbour.— Occup. ' the barber.' 
As a surname a North English form, 
and sometimes 'of Barbour' Jo 

'A larboDr was rcdi tharv.' tsaa. Sir 
Tririr. i.l.iii,(H.E.D) 

■She clepide the barbonr': Wjclif, 

Alice le Barbour, CO. Hnnt* 1173. A. 

Richard k Barbour, 1301. M. 

Robert le Barbonr, 1307. M. 

lohannea de CaltDii, iarbcur, 1170 ; 
P. V.Ynrk5.p.i.^i. ' 

Edmundua Batbnnr, liTo: ibid. 

17S4. Manied— Joseph Trmmbley and 
Ann Ba.boni: St. Geo. Chap. MayFalr, 

London, I ; MancheUrr, 4 ; Ne* 

Barcbord.— Bapt. ' a variant of 
Burchard' ; v. Burchelt. 
MDB. (CD. Sawx), >. 

Borolar, Berkel«7, Berkley. 
—Local, ' of Berkeley.' An early 
variant. Berkeley is a parish and 
market town in co. Gloucester. 

Berkeley^ CO. Oif., 1171. A. 

e Berkelay, en- ^4nma.. ihid. 

BercUy, . 

Edw. I 


>. Derby, Hen. III- 

Sf man de Berdawe, co. Camb, 1173. A. 

William Bercley, co. Soma., 1 Edir. 
til : Kiiby'i Queu, p. 1%%. 

1704. Married— Hmiy Barctar and 
Thomaane Btoome; St.T«(er, ComhiU, 

London, 19, 6, i ; Philadelphia, 46, i, >. 

Barisr oft.— Local, • of Barcrofl," 
a property in Cliviger, co. Lane. 
A family of that name lived there 



UDtil 16G6, being found there Bo 
eariy ta Hen. Ill ; v. Baines' Lane 
(Croslon'seditJ, 11.369. Araresur- 
narne in the i9>h century — almost 
extinct, in fact. 

Thomu Bjreraft, of Bnnilej (co. 
LancX 1571 : Willi u Cbeilsr <i.t45- 

Hedit Barcraft, of Lanculiire, 1576; 

„'59J-3; Til' 
Sk. Unit " 

1* &jrcroAf, cs 

1631-3. Chula BarcTDTi and Dorothir. 
CtMbf : Mania);E Lie (Pacnlty OfllceX 

lisj. BapL— lohii, *. loho 

Llierpoot, I ; ^lUiklpliia, 

Bardolph, Bardell, Bardol. 
Bard«L— Bapt. ' the son of Bar- 
dolf ' (Yonge, ii. 404). ' Bardell : 
a corruption of Bardolf (Lower). 
This statement is confinned by the 
following entry : 

OdMTtDi Budoir, aliai BudoL 45 Hen. 
IIL BBB.11.94. 
Ct Randle or Raodell for Ran- 

Dodo Banlnf, co. Nott% Hen, IIl-Edw. 

1173. A. 

Rora Bardolf, co. Salop, ibid. 

Henry Bardolph, co. Soma., I Bdw. Ill : 
Klrln'a Qneat, p. 167, 

Hnrii Bardnlplw, « Ric t, ilierifl of 
Wslmarland: Hiat. WtM. and Cnmb. 

Edward Bardolph, 1634 : ibid. n. 1. 

1668. Bapt— Robert, i. John Bardell : 
St. Ju. ClerkEnweU. i. 337. 

1781. UaTTied-JoKph Bardell and 
Mary WiliioEhbr : Sl-Geo. Han. Sq.l, 3>6. 

London, 1, 1,0,0; NewYork,!, 1,0^1 ; 
Philadelphia (Bardol), I. 


lea. — Local, ' of Bardsley,' a parish 

between Ashton and Oldham, neai 
Hancheslcr. But some place in 
the south-west district must have 
borne the same name, judging from 
references given below. All the 
American Bardsleys, and all the 
North English Bardsleys, and per- 
haps all the Beardsleys, hail from 
the Lancashire pariib stated 

or William de Bardile^r de Ha, 14U 

The Ha above represents the 
now thriving parish of Hey, close 
to Oldham. 

1667. Samoel Barddej, derk, mlniilFr 
ofDiileyand Maiple: EaiWKkzr's Ban 
Chelhiie, iL J7, gS. 

Robert de Berdealeirbe, CO. Soma, 1 
Edw.llt: Kirl^-aQne«t.p. 191. 

Racer de Berdealefhe : ibid. 

Robert de Bardeale, co. Oif., I173. A. 

Willian de Baideiley. H. 

John Bardalry, of Stalejr, 1599 : Willi 
at Che«er (is45-l6ao), p. 11. 

William BarXdev, nF Aihton, ifiin : ibid. 

Ann Bardaley, of Greenacre*, Oldham, 

BardwelL— Local, 'of Bard- 
well,' a parish in co, Suffolk, near 

Nicholai Berdwell, co. Soma, 1 Edw. 
Ill: Kirby'i Qneu, p. 180. 

i6j7. Marned— Tbomaa Binll and 
Harnret Bardwell : St. ]aa.'Cleflieniwell, 

Borebone.— Local ; v. Barboo. 

BoKtbot, Barfoot.— Nick, or 
Eccles. ' on naked fool,' one who 
went with feet bare ; a friar or 

Tale, iijw. 


'A barefoote br 

■. ii. s- 
Norman Barfot, a 

t'; Ron 


Norman Barfot, co. Lmc, 117}. A, 

Borer Barefbt, co. Oif., ibid. 

Alan Ban^c co. Camb^ ibid. 
JoliiiBarro«P,ij68: RtKUnw.Orf. 1.371. 

Roiei Brrioot, t«np. 1580, Z. 

i<l8i-]. Edward BareroDU and Winifrrd 
Hifderabam; UBrriageUc(Loadan).i.ios. 

1615. Buried — Tboinu Barfoote, 'a 
BirflnEeT : Sl Michael, Cotnhill, p. jjt 

I7i<. Franci* Barefoot: St Vcur, 
Cornhiil, p. 71. 

1717. Hairied— John Lijjhl and Harr 
Bearfoot : St. Micnarl, Camhill, p. Eg- 

174S. - William KlnK and EliLBu-. 
foot : St Geo. Chap. Mayfair, p. loj. 

London, 3, 6 ; Oaford, 4, 3. 

Bargate.— Local, ' at the Bar- 
gate.' The entrance to a city, as 
Temple Bar ; formed originally of 
posts and chain. 

Jordan atte.bajnCe. J. 

William atce BareiMe, co. Soon, i 
Edw. Ill ; Kirbj'* Queu, p. Iqo. 

Jordan de la Bamnic: Finea Roll, 
11 Edw. I. ' 

'Theitrcet, aa n-ell wiihla M aithont, 


the old Gait or Bar, called Flahergate 

, . . . ne of Fiaberinte.' : 

Hiw. and Ant of Ywlc, 1)85, ii. !&. 

1607. Married — Abraham Hill and 

BaTTOw-in-Funcs. I. 

B&rgs,BaTsemati, Bargmna. 

— Occup. ' the barge-man.' The 
first entry below concerns three 
royal bargemen who attended the 
king in his journeys by water. 

Petnu del Barirp, man'mr, 11 Edw.. 
Ill: Freemen of York, L5<. 

John BHrffcman, John Amyaon, John 
B^k, b»<eL>en : War<lrobe' A«auat. 
48 Edw. Ill-i Ric II, 4I/IO. 

Fiiliidiu Bareemui, 1379 : P. T. 
Yorki. p. ag6. 

Georee Bari^man, 1579 : Cal. State 
Paper* (DoiDCJtic), i. 641. 

1666. John BiTveman and Elii. Dickin : 
Marriage Lie (Facnlly OfGce), p. 91. 

I7ja MarriFd^Jonai Bainnnn and 
Elli. flijm : St Geo. Chap.MayTair, n. itj. 

London, r,i, 01 New York. 0,1.0; tlHla- 
delphia, 1. o. 1 ; Beaton (U.S.), o, a, 1. 

Bartaam. — Local, 'of Barham,' 
a parish in co. Hunts, six miles 
from Kimbolton ; also a parish in 
CO. Kent, six miles from Canter- 
bury ; also a parish in eo. Suffolk, 
four miles from Ipswich. 

Heni7'deBerham,a>.Kent,ioEdw.I. R. 

AndrewdeBeteham.m, Linc-Ji?!. A, 

1564. Peter NotI and Margnrel Baifaam : 
Marriof^ Lie (LondonX i. 39. 



auiii'(i'?S.), I. 


Baring'; cf. Harding and Brown- 
ing, q. v. 'The peer and the baronet 
descend from John Baring, of 
Devonshire, 16th century, son of 
John Baring, minister of the 
Lutheran church at Bremen, ir; 
Saxony ' (Lower), Probably of 
the same parentage as Behring. 
True as the above may be, the same 
peraonnl name was found on Eng- 
lish soil in the surname period, and 
baa its own descendants. 

Tahn BeiinE, CO. Soma., i Edw. Ill: 
Kirby'i Qoeat, p. aqj. 

JoKph Bariiig, Ram and Hagpir, i 
Fleet Street, Bethnal Greea: Coodoo 
Dir. ifcj. 

Barkao, Barktu.— Loral, 'at 
the bark-lioDse,' where the bark 
was stored for tanning puipMin 




From Tcsidence therdn or thereby; 
V. Barker; eS. Bacchus, Halthus, 
Loftus, or Lewlas. 

1774. MiriW— Gtorje Backai and 

Hannah Banci : St. G«i. Han. Sq. 1. 141. 

Newcaille.OD.TyiK, 4, 1 ;Gateih»d,ci,i. 

Barker, Barkmaker. Bark- 
man. — Occup. 'the baricer,' one 

who stripped trees of bark for the 
tanner. Then a preparer of bark 
for tanning, '£Monrur, a barker 
of trees' (Cotg,^. In the convena- 
tion between Edward IV and the 
unner of Tamworth (Percy] it is 
'What cnftmaD art ttKm!' add the 
' I pray Ihce tplEe me Erowe ' ; 

In the Chester Play the barkers 
and tanners marched togetbei 
(Ormerod's Cheshire, i. 300). 

Cben [e Barker, M06. M. 

WUU^n de York, iarHtr, 1375: P. T. 

ip. Elix. ZZ. 

; nijladelphia, q6, a. 

London, III, a, I : rmL 
o ; New York (Barkman), 

Barlaggv.— Local. This curious- 
looking name is manifestly local, 
the suffix being -fry, or-Itgli,or-Ugg, 
M '» Whitelegg, q.v. 1 do nol 
know the spot 

iM;. Me 

Tied— John Bareic 
St. Jaa. Clnkn— 


HUB. (CO. Hnu), 

Barley.— (i) Local, 'of Bar- 
low (I), a probable variant, (a) 
Local, ■ ofBarley,' a parish in co. 
Herts, near Barkway. No doubt 
(3) is the chief parent of our 
southern Barleys. 

William de Berelr. ca Camb, laM. A. 

1365. Thomai Felde and Alke Bailey : 
Haniiige Lie (London), i. 31, 

■571. Gtorn BarlcT, of Orenon : 

■Win;.ta«ttr,L.j. ' 

1596. Richard Bailer, CO. Hetta: Reg. 
Univ. Oxf. voL ii. pt. ii. p. 3i<, 

1603. Uuricd-Iuna Barley and Elii. 
Miller: St. Dkrnii Btckcharch, p. 14. 


Barlow. — Local, 'of Barlow,' 
near Manchester. The Lancashi 
Barlows spring from Barlow Hale 
andBBrlawMoor,neBr,M anchester. 
The name has ramified in an extra- 
ordinary manner. Barlow Is also 
a pariah in co. Derby, near Ches. 
terfield, but nearly all our Barlows 
trace back to the neighbourhood of 
Manchester. The Barlowsof Bar- 
low Hale (whence William Barlow, 
bishop of Lincoln, bom about 1550) 
were sealed there so early as ao 
Ric. II, The first entry below 
probably represents Barlow, a 
chapelry in the parish of Brayton, 
West Rid. Yorks. 

de Berlove, IJ79: P. T. 

^cnryBvlov, «. Daby: Kqr, ii.p.130. 
1600. John BarloK, co, CheMer : ibid. 

im. George Barlow, of Uenchei^er, 
taibr: WilliatCh—- - ■ ■- 

Yorkd. 1 




' 1636. Usuied— Johti 6ai 
Tolley : St. DioDii Backcfisrch, p. 32. 

Wot Riding Coart Dir. 13 ; Han- 
cbester, 73 ; London, 33 ; Philadelphia, 47. 

Bamaby, Bamabee.— Local, 
' of Bamby,' q.v. ; cf. Greenaway 
for Greenway, or Ottaway for 
Ottway, or Hathaway for Halh- 

tc.'Ualv- Oxf. vol. ii. pL Ii. p. 401. 

1M5. BnHed-TohD Baiiubee : St. Tai. 
ClETkenwrll, iv. 368, 

170. Marrieo — John Bamaby and 
Elii. Tive: SL Geo, Han. Sn. i. 66. 

New York, a, ! Boston (D.S,), i, 1. 
Barnacle.— Local, ' of Bar- 
nacle,' a hamlet in Uie parish of 
Bulkinglon, six miles from Coveo- 
try, CO, Warwick. 

Canancpde SafT., 

Richard Baniikcl : Cloae Roll, 
Itl, pi. i. 

Richard Banakyll, 1514: Reg. Ui 

later Bamaby used familiarly for 

1^14. Thomaa Bamahv and Uarnret 

Wallop ; Uatriage Lie (London), i. 40, 

1534- John Barnabe and Catherine 

Barneby, or Bamaby 


Barnard, Bamatt, Bamat. — 
Bapl. 'the son of Bernard.' or 
'Barnard.' The Cistercian monk 
gave a wonderful impetus io the 
I3[h century to this name, already 
popular. A large number of Ber- 
nards sprang up in Fumcss after 
the Abbey came under the Bernar- 
dine rule ; Bernard Gilpin's name 
is a case In point. The popular 
form was Bamet, There are more 
than a hundred Barnetts in tlie 
London Directory. Barnes and 
Barnet seem to suggest a nick. 
^arnandadim.Bamett, It is quite 
passible that such is the case, but 
in general Barnes must be looked 
on as local, and Barnett is simply 
a provincial pronunciation of Bar- 
nard. Barnet is turned intoa title of 
high degree in the following entry ; 

'Of Barronet Coll, for hi 

r Barronet CoU, For hii child'i lay- 
n,it.SJ.': Chnrdiwanleiu' Accsan^ 
lUd, 1643, 

Bamby, Barmby, — Local, < of 

Barnby,' i. e. Barnby-upion-don, 
near Doncaster. With Barmby, 
cf. Barnborough, or Bannborough, 
in same neighbourhood. Also cl. 
Bam field and Ban field. 

RicharddcBanieby,co.York,ii7i. A. 

Henry dc Bamcby, to. Ijiic, » Edw. 

Tbomai de Bannby, 1379 : P. T. Yorka. 

Thomai de BarabT, 1379: Ibid. p. 341. 

15S4-5, Charle* Bambw, or Barnebr, 

CO. York : Reg. Uriiv. Oif. vol ii, pt. iu 

1585. PranclaBambye,co.Yark: ibid. 

1684. UanlnBrllamyand Ann Bamby i 
Uarriare Lie. (Foialty OSce). p. 17D. 
WMRid. Coiut Di? ., I, I ; ^w York, 

Bame, Barnes, Bama. — (i) 

Local, ' at the barn,' from residence 
thereby, (a) Nick, 'the bairn'; 
M.E. banu. a child ; cf. Child and 
Childs. If lotal, Barnes takes a 
patronymic s like other mono- 
syllabic local surnames; c£ Styles, 
Brooks, Sykes, &c 

Henry de le Brme, co. N"rf- ■"• A. 

Richard dc la Bcmc, h 

"""*— le la Berr 

^ Bem, CO. ,. 


,y Google 



III: KiibY'iO>»n.p.iio. 

William te Bamc, en. York. 117V A. 

Wilier Is Bunw, t». Line.. ibiJ. 

Ric.idm leB«ifieetiiiw, 1379: P.T. 
Yorlu. p. 144. 

London, I, 159, 6 ; FfaiUdelpbia, o, 

Samfiither, Bairnfather, 
Baimafkther, Banbthar. — 
Nick. ' the bairn's father,' father of 
the bairn or child ; v. Barne and 
Child ; ct Priestfalher, q.v. The 
possessive s is unknown in these 
early North English entries. 

RobcrtDi Thc>m-I.>nke (i.e. Tom-> 

Jol^niK* WilJame (i.e. W'ill'a child). 
] X70 1 ibid. p. ilfi. 

Uiti*ifii(^n>erid<^r.T.(7o: )bld.p.T6i. 

]<^inna BamHadir, 1J7?,: 'li'd. p. I9B. 

Mmy Barafaihtr, co. Ciunb., lEiup. 
1630; WV, p. 49'. 

I74{. ManW— Joarph BBrnbihcr and 
JancGrove: S<.GtaChap.Miyrair ■kji. 
D BainratberandEiii. 

'777- -.?»>«■ B"^ 
ftlliM : >bid. p 975- 

d. and Ht. Jolio 
men wan iDTinicii aodilot': Tbe 
Yorkihin PoU. Feb. 18. 1887. 

Wni Riding Conn Dir., 1, o, o, O) 
CrocUbrd (BuCathWX x- 

Bammaw. — Nick. ' the child's 
broth er-in-law.' A very interest- 
ing name corroboratory of the 
definition ^ven of Watmough.q. v.; 
cf. BBmfaUier, found also in co, 

Wiiliim k BanieinBm. co. York, 
"73. A. 

Bamsley. — {i) Local, ' of 
Bamsley,' a parish fourteen miles 
from Sheffield, W. Rid. Yorks. (a) 
Local, 'of Bamsley,' a parish in co. 
Gloucester, four miles from Ciren- 
cester, Evidently (a) is the chief 

1578. Waller Bani'dcy, CO. Salop: Rfg. 
Univ. Oif. *oL il. pi. IL p. 80. 
■ ■184. Tbomaa Bamslcr, co. OxT. : 

■«£ BaHed— Walt« Boniiley : St. 

Marr Aldermaryji. 187. 

1690. Hoirr Bamder and Fnne«* 
Hoodf : UaniagE Allag. (CanterbnryX 

1767. Marrled-WIIIIaiB Bamlcy and 
Mai? Jobnoo : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ,. 171. 
LoDdon, I i PUIadelphla, 1. 

Barnstable.— Local, 'of Barn- 
staple,' a port, market town, and 
parish in co. Devon; v. Butable. 

MDB. (CO. Soma-X 4. 

Bamum.— Local,'ofBamham,' 
parishes in diocs. Ely, Chichester, 
and Norwich, An American spell- 
ing. One of the earliest entries of 
this name only differs by a vowel 
from the transatlantic (onn ; cf. 
Famum, the American form of 
English Famham. 

Wilklmu BainDio, 1379: P.T.York*. 

m dc Brnihair 

Ttioman dc Bemhan 

;,\a: ' 

Hall: Reg. Univ.Oif. vol. ii. pLii. p. 41. 

1501. Stephen Bameham and Ann 

Dawkci : Uairiafe Lie iLondoni, i. 

■ mS. Sir (ohn Packinglon and Dorotfajr 

N^i'viirk,' ift ' 

Bamwoll, Bamwall.— Local, 
' of Barnwell,' two parishes in co. 
Northampton. Barn wall is an 
American variant. 

William de Bemwil, ricarof Fmboip, 
to. Nnrf.. I «u : FP. vii. ija. 

OB., I Edw. in : 

R>rbv'B iiattt. p. loo. 

RobendcBarneviltco. SoiM., UTf. A. 

1503-4. Ruben Barnwell, St. Mary 

IS98. Triwram Slader and Elit 
Spanowft. Attested by Richard Barne- 
well : Marriage Lie ILondonl, i. 1^1. 

177a. Married— Robrn Bamewall and 
Ann Hrrvev : Si Geo. Hin. Sq. i. 380. 

MDB. (Norfolkli, o: (SnlTolkl, 1, o\ 
London, j, o ; New York, o, » ; ptita- 
(lelphia, 6, D ; B^Dn {VS.). i, o. 

Baron, Barron.— Official or 
nick. '■ luron,' or a man who put 
on an air of dignity such as might 
become a baron. H.E. baron and 

Oaben le Banin, CloK Roll, a Edw, I. 



-54,^. John Baron and Elii. Mnthew: 
Marnage Lie (family Office), p. 4. 

itiii. Nicholas Boemond and Sann 
Barron: ibid. p. 17. 

London, 6, 13 ; Philadel|Aia, 3, 33. 

Barr, Barre.— Local, 'at the 
Bar,' i.e. the entrance to the city 
ortown; v. Bargate, usually made 
of posts and chain. ' 

Uuiice de la Bam, co. Devon, Kea. 
ni-Edw,l. K. 


William atte Bam, co. Deibv, il^. 

GiiniM«drUBam,m,Hert..,iij3. A. 

Philip de le Banr, co. Hunli, ibid. 

Tliomaa nlle Barr, co. Sami., i Edw. 
Ill : KlrhY'i Qiteil. p. 150. 

1765. Mairied— Henry Barr and Blii. 
Richardion : Si. Ceo. Han. Sq. i. 143. 

LotKlon, J7, 1; BoMon (U.S.X 30, I; 
Philadelphia, ijj.o. n J-. ■ 

Barrable. (t) 

Emma Botibal, CO. OiT., 1373. A. 
London, I. 

Barrat, Barratt, Barr«t, 
B &rrett,Berrett,Berret— Bapt. 
' the son of Berold,'the French Ber- 
raud. This great surname appears 
as a personal name in Domesday : 
Barel,co. York. 

Siephana* SI Beroldl, Pipe Roll. 5 

B^ard de Wattlnrdd, co. SdIT., t>73. A. 
Robert Benrd. oo. B.:dr.. ibid. 
■ - " ---*^ 

Barrel] — (i) Local, 'of Bar- 
veil,' a pariah in co. Leic and 
lioc of Peterborough. Barrell is 
I modification, as the following 

- Thonuu, Bon of Joba and 

1688. BapL— Gilea. aon of John 
5nunBaTTell;St.]aa.aerkenw(" ' 

1691. — Thonuu, aon of Jo 
Snaanna Bara'ell t ibid. p. 3,19. 

(a) Bapt. 'the Bon of Barel.' 
There seems to have been an early 
personal name Barel, which may 
share the parentage. 

Km Banl, co. Salco, l>7^ A 
Iph Ban-L co. SuH., ibid. 
William Barel, co. Soma., 1 Ed*. Ill : 
Kiiby'i dneil, p. 193. 

■ aoo. Robert Barrell, co. Soma. ; Reg. 
Uni», 0.f. vol. ii. p.. iiTp. ^,. ^ 

London, 4 ; Boilon (D.S.), 3. 

Barrlnger. — Bapt. 'the son of 
Beringer ' ; v. Berringer. 

Barrlnffton. — Local, 'of B«r- 
rington,' parishes in cos. Cam- 
bridge, Berks, Somerset, and 

WarindeBaieMon,ci>.Camb.,i37t. A. 

Gilbert de Baienton, co. Camh., fSd- 

DroEO de Barenlin. CO. Oirf., iUd. 


)j» de Barenlin. CO. Out., iUd. 
1^ de BattniiB, ca Oaf., Ibid, 


■57<- TbooM BerinirWD, ca. Bofci: 
Reg.X'ni*. Oif. m. ii. pt. ii. p. 63. 

1767. M«mec]— ThonmiStMibBnNoeiu 
and nUllu Builntlon : St. Geo. Hu. Sq, 

LondoD, s ; PliiUdeltJiia, 13. 

Barrow, Eumnra, — Loul, ' of 
the barrow,' a long low hill or 
moand, gtn. barrowa; <f. Bor- 
roiuhs and Borrough. 

Vktirt de la Buowe, C. R^ 14 Edw. 

Robeit ie hi Bum, C R., 3 Edw. I. 

John de U BercK, ca Wore, Hen. 111- 

Rlchind de Barcwe, co. Snff., 1173. A. 
Williin de U Barewe. eo. Baa, ibid. 

KIrby'i Qoeit. p. 100. 

Joha atte Btne, eo. Some., i E.lw. Ill : 
Ibid. p. H7. 

1759. Married — Thonu Barrowa and 
Harjrjona: St. Geo. Han. Sq. I S3. 

LoadoB, 30, 1 ; PtiiUdelplila, id, 13. 

Barromdoiigli, Barravrdlitt, 
Barraolough. —Local, ' of the 
BaiTowclough ' i some spot in co, 
York, which I have tailed to- dis- 
cover ; V. Barrow and Clough. 
CC Johannes de Barowcbag:' (i.e. 
Barrowsbaw), 1379 : P. T. Yorks. 
p. 187. 

x6i6-j. John Champ and Eli^ Bana. 
chie: Harriaire Lie [London). Ii, 183. 

i6go. Wim>in KoKj and Rebom 
Banxlooih : HaiTi£|e AIlet[. (Canter. 

U^nik Wbiuaker : St. Geai H^ ~Sq. 

London, o. i, i ; WeM Rid. Cout Sir, 
I, o^ » ; Philadelphia, 1, o, 3. 

Barry. — Local, 'ofBarry.'TTiere 
can be little doubt that this was of 
Norman extraction ; cf. the French 
Da Barry. The Irish Barrys have 
made a large inroad in the Ameri- 
can directoriea I cannot say 
whether they are of the same 
parentage or not. 

John de Ban?, co. Soou., I Bdv. Ill: 

habetlM Barri, co. Soma., i Bdw. Ill ; 

Robetl Barrr, co. Notta, Men. 1II> 
Kdw.l. K. 
William Butt, eo. Notta, ibid 
Hn^hBanyfCO. Bncki, 1173. A, 
Geoffrey Bani, co. Line,, ibid, 
London, 36 ; Bouon lU.S,), 314. 
Bartar.— Occup. 'the barter,' 
a dealer in goods ; one who chaf- 
fered, an exchanger. 

7; Boston (U.S.), . 
Barth.— BapL * the son of 

Barth,' i. e. Bartholomew, from 

iiick. Barth ; v. Bate. 
London, 5; Philadelphia, 63, 
Bartholomeir.— BapL 'the son 

of Bartholomew.' A great favourite 

in the surname period, as its nicks. 

and dims. (Bartle and Bartlett, q.v.) 

Robert Banebnei, co, Honla, 1173. A. 
William BartoknneBa, co. Saff., ibid. 
Gilbert fil. BaitboloaKir, co. Camb., 

1G16. Harried - Willlan Drcke, ol 

St. Bartlemew Eichanse, and Maria 
Wallii: St, Michael, Cornhill, p, 11. 

ifii7. ~ Robert Tarner and Smn 
Bartlemew : ibid. 

London, 14 ; Philadelphia 34. 

Barthrop, BarUiropp, Bar- 
theropp, Bartropp, Bartrop, 
Bartrap.— Local, 'of Barthorpe,' 
a hamlet in the parish of Acklam, 
E. Rid. Yorks. ; cf. Thrupp for 
Thorp, and v. V^nthorp. 

1687. John Hole and Hwer Bartrap: 
Marriage Alle*. (Canterhory), p, it. 

1766, Married— Chrinontier Baithorn 
and Mary HoEhn : St. Geo. Han. 5q.i, so. 

MDaiSoiSlk), 1,1, 1,1,0,0: London, 
0^(^0,0,9,0; Butrap(llDB.aj. NdIIi),!. 

Bai11e.-Bapt.'theson ofBat^ 
tbolomew,' from the nick. Battle, 
a form popular in north England. 
For dim., v. Bsrtlelt. 

Km 6L Brttol, CO. Camb,, tin. A. 
nel Frobiahcr, CO. York. W. o. 
BanlyBtadrotth,co.York. ibid. 
Battel I Story, co. Norlhomb., i.uS: 

TTCi. Uani^ — Samnel Srencer and 
ieo. Chap. Ma^Cair, 

'7«i.— William Baxter and Ann BaiUe: 


.«,n<.<ii, i , Wot Ridine Court D: 
PhiUdelphia, 16. 

BarOaet.— Bapt. 'the ton of 
Bartholomew'; v. Bartlett. 

London, 4. 

Bartlemaii. — Occup. ' the 

vant of Bartte,' i.e. Bartholomew. 
A form of surname almost confined 
to Yorkshire, where Hattbewman, 
Addyman, Priestman, and Vicker- 

Adam BaleL 1379: P. T, York*, p. 196. 

Simon Balelman, mto : ibid. 
173a. Married — Tbomai ScnCt and 
JaaneBattlcDUui: St.Gco.ChHp.Ua}fuir, 

ijio. — David Bankman and Uary 
Brown : SL Geo. Han. Sq. i, 310. 

London, 1 ; Newc«Ilc^)n.Tyne, 1 ; 

Bartlett, Bartlot, BarUott, 
Bartol«t,Bartolaet— Bapt.'the 
son of Bartholomew,' from the nick. 
Bartle, and dim. Bartl-ot and 
Bartl-et 1 subjoin a few out of 
many instances in the Hundred 
Rolls. Tbe variants were numer- 
ous. It is quite evident that Bart- 
let or Bartlot was the popular nick, 
for this thea bvourite Apostolic 

Baitelot (wilhoaC ■DrnaoieX co. Bedf, 

iSiomas Bartbolot, co. Camb, ibid. 
William Battolot, co, Ot( ibid. 
Barteloc Govi, co. Hanl^ Ibid. 
Alan Bartekt, co. Camb., -"■■■■ 
Richud Baneiot, co. Oif^ 

?. T Yorks. 

Robertu Bertlot, 1370 : ibiii 

1314. Thomaa Barthclcttr 1. 
LanEwyth: Marriaire Lic(LundiinXi.4' 

1378, Robert BaiiUt, CO. bonet; Ree. 
Univ, Oif, vol, ii. Dt. ii. p. 84. 

i6js. Boried— William a, John BartleUt 
St. Dionia Ba^kchnrch (London), p. uo. 

London, 83, lo, o, 0^ o; Fhiladelpbia, 
43. 0, a, J, 5. 

Bartley.— CO Bapt, 'the son 
of Bartholomew,' from the nick. 
Bartle and pet Bartl-ey ; cf. Charlie, 
Teddy, Bobbie, Sic. Although 
looking strongly local. I God no 
evidence of this. We have, on the 
contrary, proof that Bartley owns 
Bartholomew as its pareot, 

Banly BradfoRli, CO. York. V/.g. 

This occurring in the county 
where Bartle was so popular 
clinches the argument; v. Bartle, 
Bartlett, Bate, &c. 

{a) Local, 'of Berkeley,' avariant 

I Baw! Ill : K^. Univ, tfif, vol! ii, pi, ill 

t(gi-i, Richard Baikeley, or Baitley, 
CO. Clone. : ibid. p. iSS. 

, Google 

In the above two entries we see 
evidence that the weat-countty sur- 
name Berkeley was sometimes 
modified into Bartley. 

1691-3, Miime<]— Williim BartlcT *^d 
£Ui. Newbeiy ; St. Dionii Bukcharch, 

enclosure. Aderwards'barton' got 
ihe secondary sense of a court- 


Tolin de la Brrton, co. Kent, ibid. 

K^nuld de la Benon, co. Gluac,, ibid, 
(al Local, 'of Barton,' There 
are twenty-six parishes so called 
in Crockford, The Origin ia the 
same as (i), with this difference, 
that ' barton,' the single enclosure, 
had already grown into Barton, the 
hamlet or town. 

Adam de Benon, co. CnmtL, ao Bdw. 
1. R. ' 

■cAn dc BETtmi, co. Kent, Itnd. 

Ridisrd de Beitonp. co. Hon^ ibid. 

London, 57 ; Philadelphia, 60. 

Bartram, Bartrum.— Bapt 
' the son of Bertram,' q.v. ; cC 
Barnard and Bernard. 

Robert Bannm, CO. Noif., lirv A. 

Thooui Bartram. co. Bacha, Ibid. 

1563. Bapt.— Fraoncii and Amr Bar- 
ttam : St. fat. Clttkaimlt, i. 1. 

1578. Blia* Hanin and Bric^tt Bar- 
trtm : Marriage IM. (Lopdoo)[i. Si. 

Kit. Vmv. ihS, vol. ii. pt. ». p. 148. 

LondcHi, 5, 4; Philadelphia, II, a 
BBTwell.— Local, 'of Barweli,' 

a parish in co. Leic. ; v. Barrell, 
Ralph de Barewell, co. Willi. 1174. A, 
1601. Adam Banill, co. Warwick: 

--S. Univ. dr. vol. ii. pt. Ii. p. 164. 
mi'S- Edward BaniTll and Marr 

Holman : Mai riaee Lie. (Facnltjr Office], 

Loadon, 10; Fhitaddphia, i. 

Barwick.— Local, 'ofBarwick,' 
parishes in cos. Norfolk, Somerset, 
and W. R. Yorks. A small apot in 
Furness furnished a local surname 
which has spread. I could gitre 
many instances from the Ulverston 
register and the Lancashire Wills 
at Richmond, to which I simply 
refer the reader. 

SanB«ndeBcni7k,caWilti, 1371. 

Flul^ dc Ben^ke, co. Willi, ibiiL 



Marriaee Lie. (Pacallji Offie 

1J73. Grarge BarwycVe and Ellrn 
PaAynm: Marrinjre Lie. (London), i. ,rt. 

i6ta Thotnai Kirwickc md Elia. Pen : 
Marriare Lie. (Londonl p. 331. 

London. 5 ; Philadelphia, 5. 

BarwiM, Barwia.— Local, 'of 
Barwise.' I cannot find the spot. 
But although my earLest instance 
comes from co. Derby, I believe the 
parentage of the name will be found 
'n Cumberiand. Mr. Lower says. 
An ancient name at Ilekirk, co. 
Henry de Banreli, CO. Dertij, ao Edw. 

174). Marrird — Toaeph Banni and 
M^ Fiabcr: St. Geo. Chap. Ha^^r, 

""'18^ Died-Iohn Ado" ' " ' 
Daily TclcErapli, Jan. 6. 

miadelphia, o, 5. 

Bus.— Nick. ■ the base,' L e. ol 
low stature ; v. Bass. 

GeoHrey Baie, eo. Linc^ 1171, A. 

Inbella Baae, 1379: P. T. YoSa. p. 19J 

Thomaa Ba«, 1 379 ; ibid. p. 41. 

1379. Antony Bane and EII1. Awdcley 
Haniaee Uc (Londoni I. ttS. 

London, a : Philadelchin. i ; Ken 

Baaford, BashlbKL—Local, 
' of Baribrd.' a parish in co. Notts, 
Dear Nottingham. Also townships 
in COS. Chester and StaBord. 

(Chaplain) de BaKTord, co. NoIU, 

. Henry Bailbrd and 1< 

' Lendonl 


"73- A. 

i:ondon, I, i; Philadelphia, 
Bo.lonlir.S,),7, I. 

BoakervUl, BaakwilL—Lo- 
cal. 'of Bascreville,' ' now Bacque- 
ville, in the arrondissemcnt of 
Dieppe' (Lower), 

Roger de Baacievill, co. Salop, Hen. 

NhU dr Bukerrill. ro. Salop, iliid. 

■piomai dc Bairhevill, atiai BukeivlU, 
co^ Norf. and SafT,, ibid. 

Hngh de BukenHlle, co. Salop, 
1371. A. 

Richard de BaKarville, 1197. M, 

. Jan 

-^hurch, p, ai6. 

London, 1, 1 ; New York, a, a, 

Baakett. — IBapl. 'the son of 

Pasketi'fromPask, q.v-i dim.Pas- 

ket. This is all I can suggest. But 

Lower says, ' Probably Fr. Basquet, 

dim. of Basque, a native of Bis- 

ly ; a page or footboy, because 

le natives of that province were 

Hen so employed.' If I am right, 

the change from P to B is, as is so 

common in nomenclature, imita* 


Wiiliun Padiet, co. Berk*, 1371. A, 

Adam Baikel, co. Somi.. i Silw,. Ill : 

Kirby'i QoeM. p. 11 7. 

i6t3. ThoniaiBaiWco. Hanu: Rev. 
Univ. Omf. vol. IL pt ii. p. 316. 
1631. . Robert Baikeit, CO. Donet: ibid. 

1670. Richard FrealT and Manraret 
■■keu: Uai^jtc Lie. (Pacally Office), 

1677. Baet.~Marr Baikett. a foaadliDg: 
. Hary Aldemiarir, p. 104. 

Basley, Bailsy, Basetey, 
Baaely.— (i) Local, probably 'of 
Baslow,' a parish in co. Derby, 
three mQes from Stoney Middleton, 

(a) Local, 'ofBassaleg,' a parish 
in CO, Honmoulh, near Newport 
{leggt—ltt; cf. Lee and Legh). 

(3) Bapt. 'the son of Basil,' from 
the pet Basily. Let me put first 
the following entry : 

Hn^h III. Banlie. co. Nolli. 1373. A. 

My other instance* seem strongly 
confirmatory : 

Alan Baaell, co. Camb., Ilrid. 

Richard Baieli. co. Our., ibid. 

iKly, CO 

, ibid. 

B—ely, CO. Bnc'lo, ibid. 
John BaKlef , CO. HenF., lo Bdw. I. R. 

"'"- " "■ "Iward Burley to 

[he Apoule 


Alice Barton: St. The 

(London), p, M. 

'I firmly believe (3) to be chief 
parent of the surname ; cfl Charlie, 
Teddy, Stc. ; v. Bassil. 

London. i,a, r, i : New York, 1,4,0,0: 
Philadelphia, 3. 0,0^ a 

Bason. — ! Nick. ' the base 
son ' (t), i.e. bastard ; v. Bastard. 

WilklmD* Baaeaon. 1379 : F. T. Yorka, 

i(gi Robert Baaon, Qaeen'i Coll.; 
Reg.Uaiif. Oaf. Hit iL pLii. p. 109 
iSoo. MarTied— Wiliian Bbkhi and 

,y Google 


Baas.— Nick, 'of low suture,' 
short and stout, corresponding tc 
Ibe French ■ Ic Bu.' 

Kicbolia Buk, co. Sonu., I Edw. Ill 
Klrijyi Qoot. p. ajr. 

Harli BiHC. co. Buck*, T173. A. 

"■ ■ U Bs«t CO. Orf., ihid. 

1 616. Man 
1«tcr Gore : 

1641^. Buri 

Landon, 7 l Fbilaikl^u, 1 ; Bouan 

BMtard.— Nick, 'the BasUrd,' 
, name proudly borne by at least 
inc ancient English count7 rsmily. 
WQliam the Bastard' occurs in 

■: SlMi . ... _ 

ricd-Edward BasH, tallow 

; St. Hichad, ComhilL p. Hi. 

LADdon, 11; Philadelphia, 13. 

Bauatt, Baseet— (1) Nick. 

'the dwarf'- O.F.iossr/, 'a dwarf, 
or very low man ' (Cotgrave'i, > dim. 
of boast, (a) Local, ' de Basel,' 
of Nonnan origin. It is probable 
that most of the existing Bassetts 
can claim a local di 

Golda Biuul, CO. Care 
Ela BajKlt. CD. SoBthampt. 
ya\to BaiKt, CO. Oif., ibid. 




Isn Baiurd, co. Backs, i 
er Baitaid, co. Northazn f 

', ia Ed«. 

IS?";. RlwantBaiiaet, 
R.^. L'nhf. Oif, »ol. ii. p 


■ S-X 44, ^ 

BaaaU, BasBill, BusU. Ba- 
Bclla.— Bapt. 'the son of Basil.' 
But more commonly a girl's name, 
in the fonn of Basilia or Basilic. 

BaaiKa Rcynnd, C R., i} Edw, I. 
Bajili.dtOtKkr,H™.m-Edw.l. K. 
William Badllr, co. Norf,, 1171. A. 
Hojrh Gl. Baulie, co. Nottt, ibtd. 
RoCrn Baiit, to. York, ihid. 
B«tl de Bonndti. co. Snff., ibid. 
1665. Hairied— Richard Beard and But- 

filly * : a. Jaa. Clerkenwrll, ill. im. 

167^. lohn Bainett and Elii. Ban)] : 

Philadelidii^ o, o, 'o, 1 ; Botlon (L'.S.)[ 

Baatabl«>— Local, ' of Barn- 
staple,' a parish in co. Devon; a 
manifest corruption; v. Barnstable. 

Rllpfa BBntaple,co. Soma., I Eifv. Ill : 

(Priori d« BamtTitapole, co. Deron, 
Hen. UI-Edw. I, K. 

The halfway to Bastable is seen 
in Barslaple. The following entry 
and note establish this derivation : 

1617. William BanCahle, to. Deim. 
SabK. April 11 a« B»r«able. and oti 
Mar ¥• — Bauablc: Reg. Unir. Oif. 
vol. IL pt iL p. }6). 



I. R. 

EliaiBaatard.urg: P-T. Yorki.p.191 

H«. UniT. Orf. i. lo.l. 

M86. TTiomaa B.stard, co. Dona 
ibii ™l. ii. pt. ii. p. ij6. 

Ba«t«r.— Occup. 'the baster,' 
pr<Aably a kitchen servitor who 
basted the joint. ' Baster, one 
who bastes meat. 1595. Churchw. 
Ace. Heybridge (Nichols, 1197). P- 
181, "To she that turned the spitt, 
Bd. : to the Basteter, ^d. " ' (H. E, D. 
Baster). H>inta,ii7J. A. 

Lofldcm, 3; Fliiliuh]{Al>, 1. 

Boatlan, Baston, Baatln, 
Baetlen, Baatlon.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Sebaatiao; In early though 
rare use in Cornwall and south-west 
England, where Spanish influence 
would be ex pec led to prevail. Popu- 
larly Bastian [ cf. French Baslien, 
which perhaps had its effect on 

Parv., I 
Latin er, q.v. 

Hneh 1e BaitimH, co. Hnnf, uJJ, A. 

Hnjjh le BuBiimer, CO. York. V..^. 

Batohelar , Batoheler, Batch- 
ellar, Batohelor, BatnhelouT. 
Batohler, Baoheller, Baoh- 
elder.— Offic. 'the bachelor," a 
young knight, member of a guild. 

:4, p.aS; cf. Latimer for 

■ried a 

o, Orf., 1 

n TTTiethai 

Ml 1607^ Rrg:- St. Coiamb Majoi 

diiam, aon of Bastian Tieiithan, 

's6s^ '^''•^n Bumfny and Juliana 
iTnAe : Man-iage Lie. (LondonI, 1. h. 

itoj : 

image Lie. (I 
=d— Richard 


„ „ „.,-, — - of Farmrri 

L>fvonTra.i«Uir.',o, 0,4,0,0; Phila. 
l-^lphia, 35.0,(^0,0. 

Baatimw.— Occup. Perhaps for 
bastiner,' a sewer. Stitcher ; ' baste, 
slightly. M. £. baslin. 

\ baaiyt ' (Skeat) ; v. Way's PrompL | man, 
G % 

U lip, A. 

Williun )e Bacheler' co. Cnm^., ibid. 
Magg' (Margarel) Bacheler, co. Kunls, 

Jordan Ic Bacheler. L. 
Gilbert le Bacholer E. 

1611. William Balcheler, co.Oif. : RejJ. 
Uni». Oif. »oL ii. PL ii, p. 590. 

i6;i. Itioma* Pumton to Cauandru 
Balcfalrr: St. Mair Aldermary, p. 11. 

-Abraham RiM^. iaicAler, to Jan.- 
Pardon,, ixr^H : ibid. 

London. 1, 1, I, IS, 1, 1, o,0[ Borton 
(U.S.|,o,i,8,s.o,o, 9 15. 

Batohelder, Batcbeldor.— 

OfEc. ' the bachelor.' A corruption; 

V. Batchelar, and cf. Blackler. 
1677. Walter Butler and Bliiabcth 
atdiildar, of Cheaham, Bndu: Miiria)[e 
,ic. (Canlerbury), p. iji. 

and Ann Haraliall: St Geo. Chap. May- 

llondoii, 3. i Uiitpool, o, 3 ; Borton 
(U.S.X 70. o. 

Bate, BatM, Eateaon.— Bapt. 
the son of Bartholomew,' from 
the nick. Bate. The form Bathe 
below will mark the step by which 
Bate was reached. 

Bate deBntwick, CO. Line, IJ71. A. 

Bate If Tackman, co. Line, ibid. 

Bathe Gl. Robcn, co. Line, ibid. 

Thomaa BatCKrn, 1379: P. T. Yotka. 

^Alicia Bale, o.^t379: ^'fl-P- 'H- 
Johanne. Balaon, 1370 : ibuL p. 19. 
Adam Bale, 1379; inid. p. 4. 
Chii«topher Bateior, of Calon, co. 

Ijnc, 11*7; Li-nt Will, at Richmond. 

lOiJ. Humphrey Bam and Joane 

EmpioD : Harriigr Lie. (LondonX ii. *i. 

1611. William Bale and Ann Hill: 

' L^ndo'^^B, M. 4 : Wot Ridinjt Conn 
l>it., I, 15,7; Philadelphia, 1. iiri. 8. 

Batsman, BaWm anson. Bat- 
man.— Bapt. 'the son of Bateman.' 
Not found in Yonge's Chrisiian 
Names. An old personal name. 
The suffix -maH may be -mottd or 
id; cf. Wymao, Osma^, Rosea- 


BatcnHUi Tan, co. Kei 
BalMiun de Apfclrcwvl 

Snttj I37J. A. 

I'm. Torlt, ibid. 

Wllklirna BaleiHSiuon, 1379: P. T. 

Williun Balmaomn. 1411 : DDD. il.370. 

157T. Uarried — RaHe Battnun and 
Andnaa Beare : St. Dionii Backcharch, 
p. 8. 

ifiii-i. GMne Balmun and Mary 
Goodcole : Marrbirr Lk. (London), iU i. 

iGSj. Married — Jolin Balsnun and 
Harmon Kynvin ; 5l Mair Alderniai7, 

London, 40, o,< 

Bath, Bathe.— Local, 'of Bath,' 
the cathedral city in co. Somerset. 

lob dfr Balh, ™. Sosnn, 1J71. A. 

Idhn dr Batlir, CO. Soiu, 1 Edw. nil 
Kirby'i Qoot, p. i,* 

Mn Btie Balhc, CO. Soma., i Edw. Ill : 
ibid. p. itt. 

I5q<, Richard Bath, co. HuiU: Rer. 
Univ. Oif. vol. ii. «. It. p.111. 

161 t-i, RoEn- Bird and Dorai Bath : 
Macriigr LicfLondon), )l. a. 

1674. Bapt.— William, a. latcph blli ; 
SC fan. CiTrkenmill, 1. 163. 

MDB. (CO. SonKiKll, % I ; London, 
15. 3 ; Boaloa (U.S.), 10, 1. 

Bather.— Loner •ays, 'The 
keeper of a bath,' but without proof 
or reference. I look upon this as 
out of court; v. Batho. 

i68v MarHed-Michai'll Chuimin >nd 
EUiabeth Bather : S(. Michael, Comhlll, 

Batho, Batthew, Bather, 

Batha.—Local (t). This aut-name, 
wilh its variants, has troubled me 
much. Cheshire seems to have 
been the home of the stock. It 
seems probable that the Shropshire 
Bathers represent another variant, 
ir local, then, like Shillito, or Shil- 
litoc, or Shailo. &c., the original 
suffix would be Bat-how (v. HowV 
But this is all I dare suggest, as 
I cati And no spot so entitled. 
Balhall iKaiti suggests a local Bat- 
hall, which would become popularly 

Richard Bathaw,orKyddmrton, 1574 : 
Will, at Chewier, (..<. ' ' » ' ""* 

Aaron Balhall, of Over Aldcrley,t6o3: 

Willlarn Baiha,o(DaUDitOD, la Malpa^ 


rtiomaaBathor.oCLanoa.ieifi: ihld. 
^86-7. Richard Batho, Walca: Re^- 

IIT. Olf. vol. li. p«. 11. p. ICT. 

iViliiHio Bmho, rector of St. John th 

Silt, Norwich, i.raS : PF. iv. 188. 
Iph Bathoc. irfCaddinpon, gent, 
II: EJLmker'i East Cheihire, i. 177. 

ibigh), o 


Bathunt— Local, ' of Bat- 
tle Abbey, co. Sussex, which was 
possessed by the family in the 
i4lh century (Lower). 

1604-^. Ceorfc Bathurat, of London : 
Rft- L'riiv. OiT. vol. il. p(. II. p. 181. 

1610. Robot Batharit, of London: 

BatUn, Batken.— Bapt 'the 

son of Bartholomew,' from the 
nick. Bat and suffix -biti; cf. Wil- 
kin, Tom-kin, Wat-kin. But Bat- 
kin was evidently rare, the simple 

Bat or Bate being the popular form 
of address. 

B&tlej.— Local, 'of Batley,' a 
parish in the union of 0ewsbury, 
W. Rid. Yorkshire. 



lelphia, T. 

Batllng.— Bapt 'the ! 

1 fear this surname ia extinct: 
Hewling. With Batlins or B 
lings, cf. Hewlings. 
Thomai Ballyng, 1379: P. T. Yoi 

Robertaii Buelynn^, 137^: ibid. 
Johanna Ballelyn, ijn '■ i^Hd- p- 1' 

1705. BapL— Sarah, d. William Batllna: 
■ Til. — John, a. William BalGBgi: 

Batsford.— Local, 'of Batsford,' 
a parish in ca. Glouc, near More- 
ton-in-the-Marsh: or'ofBattisford," 
a parish in co. Sufi*., near Need- 
ham Market. 

William, 1173. A, 

SaniKin de Batedbrde, co. Bedf, ibid. 

John de Baleaford, lector of BaainE. 
ham, CO. Norf., 1316 : FF. vlii. 84. 

Maud de Batiironl, co. Noff., 1335: 

176& HaTTied*-JohnBattfordaBd Ana 
Crwk : SL Geo. Han. So. i. ist. 

London, s i New York. i. 

Batson.-Bapt 'the son of 
Bartholomew,' from the nick. Bat; 
V. Batt 

I ^74-3. HeoiT Bation, co. Lane : Rtg. 
UniT. Oit vol. a.K. il. p. 61. 

'59J-^- Henry Balaon, CO. Will* : ibid, 

it;4. Uarried~Peter Bataon ud Jane 
Mobi : Si. Geo. Chap. Mirfiir, p. 170. 
LaDdo^ 7 ; Boaton (U.S.X J. 

Batt, Batta.-(0 Bapt. 'the 
son of Bartholomew,' from the nick. 
Bate or Bat ; v. Batson, Bate, and 
Batty. Batta represents the pa- 
tronymic I, as in Jones, Richanlt, 

Gilbert Batle, eo. 
Matilda Battea, ci 
Stephen Bat, co. 1 

Camb., ibH. 


_^w.I. R, 
I Edw. Ill: 


Ball, 1570 : Reg. Uni. 

Johi __ 
Oif. vol. L 

(a) Nick. ■ the baL' 

Oiben 1e Bat, co. Devon, Hen. Ill- 
Edw. 1. K. 

Reginald le Bai, co. G»ei, 1173. A. 

17W. Mairk-d - William Bait and 
Grace Wormi-il : St. Cea Han. Sq. i. 7. 

1786. ~ John Rae and Sarah Batte : 
ihid. i. 3R4. 

LoiHlan. 14, 2: Wftt Riding Coart 
Dir., 5, o; Philadelphia, i&, 4. 

Battell, BatUa.~.Loeal, 'at 
the battle ' : H.E. batailU, i.e. ba(- 
Inlion, guard. army,CHmp. 'Batalle,' 
anarmy. "Than thir iwa batelles 

Richard de la Bauyle, co. Berk*, 

Adam de la Batayle, co. Norf, ibid. 
Saei Balayli-, co. Evei. ibid. 
Philip dc la Baiayle, co. Oif.. ibid. 
Richard de U Balayl, co. Clone, iitlgi 



Hauehold Bip., Bidiop Surinfield (Com. 

i^6!'Bapi.— Jo)in,Mnaf JohnBittcU: 
St. Ju. Clcrkoiwelt, i. im- 

London, i. i ; CiDckford o, I ; New 
Yotk, 3, 6; PhiWiliiJiia, i, i. 

Battan, Battsoaon. Batto- 
Bon, BattliiBOn, Battison, Bat- 
tin.— BapL 'the son of Barthulo- 
mcw,' Trom the nick. Bat or Bate, 
dim. Batt-in; cf. fiioi-ii, a little 


Kiiby') Qu«, p. oi. 
Batia iiu Vete, to. Som*., i Edw. Ill : 

Baiiii Power, co. Sonu., i Bdw. IIl^ 

Bum'^^'BlkeUyn, co. Sona, i Edw, 
til : ihM, p. III. 

BaUion Hayuer, ca.Som», i Edw. ttl : 
ibid. p. 15a. 

Andmw BaU]»onnc,co, DiirhaiD,i;6l : 

^fthnBatlenwui, temp. 1580. Z. 

Daniel Bitlin,Dt London, habtnlasktr : 
1633: VJBlallon of London C'^Jj), i- S»- 

im. Momed-loBephB'ltiDaDdElii. 
pBTvla : St tiro. Han. Sq. i. 140. 

17S4. — WilliBRiBaBEluuiiaiKlUuilia 
Baltiaon : ibid. i. 357. 

London, jj, o. 1, o, o, ; WeH Riding 
Conn Dir., o, o, o, j, 1, o; Ntw York, ,^, 
(^ □, o, I, I ; Philadelphia, j, o, o, o, 5, o, 

Battersby. — Local,'ofBaliers- 
by,' a township in the parish sf 
Ingleby Greenhow, in the North 
Rid. Yorka. This family name has 
ramified strotigly, being now best 
represented in the Lancashire di- 

Rogenu de BalbenOijr, 1379: P. T. 

TcQi.'Heniv Batcenby, of Bold : Willi 
It CSeaer. 1. 15. 

161J. Nichola. Batlenby : Rej. Xloiv. 
Oif. voL 11. p(. li. p. aji. 

1616. John Baitcrebie, of Shakerley : 
Willi al Cluster, i. 15. 

London, 6 ; Wat Ridinr Coart l>ir,, 
3 ; Mancheiter, i ( \ PhUadclpbia, s^- 

Batteralull, Battanhall, 
BattiBhlU, BatterBhilL— Local, 
' of Battiahill ' or ' Battishall,' pro- 
bably a manor or small locali^ in 

William de Bottednl, eo. Devon, 
1173. A. 

Antony Lwher claiam leitt of Manor 
n( Baltylihall, is«» : Ket Offlte, Cal. 
State Papcn Ipomeatic), ii. S3. 

1691. Peirtl^ttHhill and Ann Howkef: 
Marriage Alleg. ICanterbory), p. 194. 

Jonndian BattiihilL, iTjS-1801, moiical 
campOKT > Diet Nat. Biog. iv. 411. 

1746. Boricd—IonatliaD BatliihiU : S 
Peier, Corahill, ii. 140. 

Lilt of Boot and s'hoe Maben' (Devo 
Trade. Dir.), <\ a, .,3; New Yo.k, 

1. Bat- 

ten or Battin, patr. 
rupted to Batterson ; i;f. Paterson, 
Caterson, Custerson, Matte rson, 
anil DickersoD. 

London, 1 ; New York, & 

Batting.— Bapt. 'the son ol 
Bartholomew ' ; v. Batten, llie g 

1.16^. Wi lliam Baltyn and A r 
damace Lie. (London), i. 30. 
London, 1 ; Philadclphir - 

BattlnBon, BattiBon.— Bapt 

'the son of Bartholomew'; v. 
Batteti. With Battison, cf. Pstti- 

Battlo.— (1) Bapt. 'the son of 
Bartholomew,' from nick. Bartle; 
Barde modiBcd to Battle 10 meet 
Bat. In the instance below, Batel- 

1379: P- T. York* 

(a) Local ; v. Battel!. 

1615, Buried — Hannah, d. TliDmaiiD 
Baltk X St. Jaa. Clerkenwell, iv. ira. 

iti^. ThomaiFiddesandMary Battle: 
Marriage Lie (Fscqlty Ullice), p. 19. 

London, 3 : Leeds, I ; New York, 6. 

Batty, Battye, Battey, Bat- 
tie, Battee, Batta.— BapL 'the 
son of Bartholomew,' from the 
nick. Batt, popularly Batty. With 
the patronymic s appended, Bally 
became Battys and Battcs; ct: 
Jones, Williams, &c. BaU and 
Batty were lavourite Yorkshire 
forms, and they have left tbcir 
mark on its present nomenclature ; 
V. Balson and Battison. 

Dyou Batty, 1379 ^ *"■ T. Yorka. p. 

'[ pvnder and Agnc 
c. (London), p. 46. 

11^ JanieiBHt^co.Middle*!i:ibid. 

177a. Married — Richard Battey and 
Belly Gerrard : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. J17. 

London, 10, 3, ft o, 3, a ; Weit Riding 
Coart Dir,, 0, 6, 1, 4, 0, o i MDa (WeK 
Riding, YorkaV 17, ao, o, i, u, o: New 
York, a, o, 1, I, o, ojl'hilaifelphia,' 16, 1, 

Baud, Baude.— Nick. <le baud'; 
O.F. baud, joyous, gay; cf. Merry, 
Gay, Jolly. 

Alan le Band, eo. HiddleKi, Hen. III- 
Edw. I. K. 

Groflrey Is Band, c 

, bi,il 

Johaaoe* Band, 1379 : v. 1 

Richard te Band, co. Nonbampt. m 
Edw. 1. R. ^ " ' 

Simon le Band, co. Noithampt, Ibid. 
Dominkk Bande, oo. Noif,, temp. 

Hen. IV: FF.riii.505. 
'In 1543, the firat cannon of caat Iron 

St Buelratead, in Snaaei, By Rait HorE 
and PMer Ba^ ■ : ibidlil, Ji*. ' 

i6ifi. Bapt.— Elline, d. Jane Band : St. 
Jaa. ClerkMwell, i. i^. 

Lcodon, a, o ; Bouon (U.S.), o, 5. 

Baudot, Baudett—Bapt. 'the 
sou of Baldwin,' from nick. Baud, 
whence the dim, Baud-et; v. Body. 

Roger Baudet, co. Wiltn, 1173. A. 

Sauiei le Meangcr, co. Clone, iiSg- 
90: HooiehDld Eip., Biahop SwioGeld 
(Cum. Soc), p. 144. 

New York, I, o ; Philadelphia, o, i. 

BaTflUt, BavlD.— Local, 'of 
Baventi'a place 'fourleaguesnorth- 
eastofCaen'^Lowcr). The family 
gave name to Estoa-Bavent, co, 
buffolk. Bavin and Baven arc 
palpably variants. 

Walter de Baveot, co. Line., Hen. III- 
Edw. I. K. 

Richard de Bavant co. Norf., 1273. A. 

Hngh de Bavent, co, Norf., ibid. 

IpIRn de Bavenl, co. Line, ibid. 

Eliiabel de Baveot, co. Norf., ao Edw. 
I. R. ^ 

1614. Tbomaa Bavand: Reg. Univ. 
Old. vol ii. pt ii. p. 333. 

1619. William Bavenandjane MiUdt: 
Marriage Lie. (London), li. 79. 

1616. Jonathan Head and liaiy Bavin: 
'■•id. p. ii>B. 

London, ft 5. 

BaTicgton; v. Beviogton. 

Bawden, Bawdon.— Bapt. 

;he son of Baldwin,' popularly 
Baud win. This was gradually 
toned down Co Baudin ; v. Boden 
and Godin. 


Baldwin or Bandwin dc RwiMnv, ca. 
Woic^ Hoi. Ill-Edo'. I. K. 

Johanni BiiudF»Tn,oi. Camb., iiTj- A. 

Bmrf™, iwi of John J»nc, isu : Rfg. 
St. Colnmb Major, p. 3. 

1547. AoirnMin Bawdvryn ind Elii. 
WIlKin: Maniagi^ Lie. (London;^ i. it. 

Biwdcn.d. ofjohn Moylc, isjo; Reg. 
Sl Colomb Msjor, p. ,. ^ 

Johane BawdEn, buried, 15891 Ibid. 

1575. Nic)>olai Bawdpti, ca, Cornwall : 
Rtx. L'niv. Oif. vol. ii, ft. II. p. 63. 

■ J77< William Bawden, co. Cornwall : 
ibid. p. 74. 

Ihomaa, ton of Bodwine and Hanah 
Appn 1694 ! St. Ji>. Clwkcnwcll, I. 357. 
Bmnlcn Uayoard, Ensliah Gsildi, 

'Condon, 5.3; MUB. (co.Camoali), 5, 
o: New York, 4,0: l^iladclphia. >,o. 

Bawtree.— (I) Local, 'of Baw- 
try,' a small market town near 
Doncaater. {a) Local, ' al the Bor- 
iree' or'Baw tree,' i.e. the elder- 
berry, from residence thereby ; cf 
Itowntree, Birch, Nash, Nutbeam, 
Sec. A word still in uae in Furaeai. 
Elderberry wine ia there ' bor-l 
or ' bawtry-jack.' Bawtry or 
teiy StUc ia a bnnstead in my old 
{Mr'sh, and is found in many spell- 
ing in the Ulveraton church- 
Conine d* Baatre, co. York, 1 J73. A. 
Hufh de Ba«trr, w. NottTibld. 
Eleoa de Baatre, 1379 : f. T. York*. 

RanaUa* Bawtree, co. York, 1419: 

idcu-.i;. Hantond Baatiy, en. Line.; 
Rse. Unlf. Oit. vol. il. pt, u. p. i8ol 

- Edward Bawlrrv and Jodith Law- 
Ion : Marriiie Lk. (London), i. mh. 

■ 6>3-4- I^£h■rd Baittrey and WODMtt 

Bazendale, Baxendell. Bax> 
anden, Baxendine.— Local, 'of 
Baxenden ' or ' Baxendale,' a lo- 
cality in the district of Accrington, 
EastLanc. Forthesuffixc3,v,Dcan 
and Dale. The first named seems 
to have been the earliest, although 
both practically mean the same 

WJUiam de Bakotonda, «. Lane. 
'^'i. ^ SnWdy CRrt.ndi\ p. 7Q. 

Jolin Baxenocn, of Acjnnaion, 1614: 
Willi at Cheitn. !. ij. • —■ "• 

,WmiiiPifla»teiiden,o(C™ilon, 1671: 

MDB. (CO. Lane). 4. <. o. oi Man- 
rheiler, 1, j, o, o; London, 0^0,1,0^ 
BoMon (U.S.), 4, o, (^ o; Fbiladelpliia, 
», o, o, s- 

Baxter.— Occup. 'a female ba- 
ker,' a bakester ; v. Backster. 

Bay.— (i) Local, 'at the bay,' 
i.e. bay-tree; very rare; eL Box, 
Beech, Ash, Nash, &i 


cBex, ca.Cainb.,1173. . 

(a) N:ck. 'the bay,' i.e. bay- 
coloured or complejtioDcd ; v, 

Walter If Bay, to. Ciunh., 1173, A. 
Nicholai le Bay, co. Bedf., iUirl, 
ij^. Richard Col* and Miuy Bay; 
Mamoee Lia iLondonl I. aaj. 
London, 3; Philadelphia, 6. 

Bayard, Byard, Byatt~(i) 
Local, ' of Castle Bayard,' near 
Grenoble. Pierre Bayard, the 
knight 3aHS fr-r tt tarn ttprrxln, 
was born here in 1476. (a) Nick, 
the Engliah Bayard is, without 
doubt, a name of complexion, from 
bay, reddish brown, whence bay- 
ard, a bay horse ; cC Favel, a 
horse's name, and Bumel,an ass's 
name. ' As bold as is Bayard the 
blind,' i.e. a blind horse (Chaucer, 
C. T. 168B1). 

Robert Bahard, or Baiard, ea. Camb., 

R«er Bayard, co. Norf.. ibid. 
Tfad»ld k Bayard, co. Unc, IbM. 
Thomai BavanL oo. Oil., ibid. 
Ricardu Biyaid, 1379: P. T. Vorka 

fhomai Bayard. 1379: Ibid. p. 111. 
Marjiarrt Kurd. co. Camb., U73. A. 
Ralph Baird, co. Northanb., 117;: 
KKK. vi.Ji. 

f^^'uit^el, ctn- 

lolin (London), p. 1^. 
London, o^ i. 4 ; niiUdelphia, ij, B, o 

Bayldon, Bayldone.— Local, 
of Baildon,' a parish near Shipley, 
:o. York. 
Haiilda dc Barldon, 1 379 : F. T. Yorka. 

Rtcirdni Bayldon, 1370: ibid. p. 304. 

WcM RidiRi Court Dir, 8, o: Boaton 
IU.S.), <^ >. 

Baylis, B^Uss.— Nick. This 
surname is hard to dasmry, but its 
meaning seems obvious, vii. 'the 
son of the Bailey," i.e. bailiff; v. 
Bailey. Thus the Gnal a is the 

1663, Uan 
Eliubcth W 

patroaymic, as in WQtiams, Rich- 
ards, Jones, Wilkins, &c. ; cf. 
Wrightson, Taylorson, Smithson, 

'Orate proanfmaWiULBalyi': Blick. 
ling Chnrdi, co. Norf. : FF. vi. 40T 

1767. UuTied — Thomaa BaTlv and 
Rachel Nemay: St. Co. Han. Sq. 

1778- — John Pany and EUi. BaylsH: 

LoiidoD, A. 6 \ New York, 11, i. 

BaTmao.— Bapt. ; v. Baynham, 
a corruption to which there are 
many parallels; v. Deadman, Put- 
man, Swetman. This surname is 
still familiar to co. Wilts, bordering 
on the district where Baynham 
arose. There cannot be a doubt 
as to the origin. 

itijS. Harried — Rlehan) Baynan to 
KaimBli Cnriii^; Canlerbaiy Calfa., 

'^^^idoi^ 3 ; UDB. (CO. Wika), 1. 

Baynard.— Bspt 'the son of 
Barnard,' q.v. 'Meet me within 
this hour at Bajnanfs Castle' 
(Rich. Ill, Art ill sc. 5). 

Barnbam.— B apt. ' Ab-Eignon ' 
(Welsh), 1.C 'the son of Eignon' 
or ' Ennion.' A Gloucestershire 
surname. Robert ap Eignon had 
for his son Robert Baynham, of 
Chorewall, in the forest of Dean. 
Heocelbrward the family were so 
known (vide Visitation of Glouces- 
tershire, i6b3, p. 14 ; Harleian 
Soc.). The name looks wonder- 
fully English and local, but, as 
shown, is not so. Beyoon, Binyon, 
and BenyoD, q.v., are other forms ; 
but not Bunyan, I think. 

'nH)niaiapEiEnon,7Edw. Ill: VhlU' 
lion oFGIouc, 1013, p. 13, 

Richard qp ErEnon, 6 Rie. 11 : Ibid. 

Tboma. fiajnuB, Hinh Sheriff of 
GkuoMtenhire, 1476; Allcyn ■ Hut. 
Clone, p. 40, 

tj^. Baynham. Hvh Sheriff of GtoB- 
ceileiiibire, 1501 : ibid? 

1738. Harried— Richard Baynham and 
Frances CH9ih : 3t Geo. Han. Sq. 1. M. 


1 760. UAiTied — tohD BrnvDoiB and Ann 
Yratn : St. G«>. Han. Sq. i. 94- 

Loadon, i ; Cncliford. 4. 

Baynton. — Local, ' of Baynton ' 
or'BuntoD'i (i) a parish in co. 
Nortbampton ; (3) a parish in co. 
Oxrord ; (3) a tything in the parish 
of Edgington, co. Wilts. 

John de Baynlnn. fabir. 10 Ed». 11 : 

1661. Sir Edirnrd Bajmtnn of Brem. 
hiir,WiIa.BndSliivlThynnc: Mwriigc 
AIleg.lWEMminiler' p. S9. 

1754. HaiTied — EdWinl Babion and 
AnnnHan: St. G» Chap. Uayfair, 

'Loadoo, I ; BsMoo (U.S.), 5. 

Baiiii, Boaon.— (t) Local, 'of 
Baatag.' (a) Nick.; v. Baaon. 

Smkomoa dr BuiDin. ■heriff of London, 
m4: WWW. pp.n7-i90. 

Adunde BannfearBulani, London, 
1>7J. A. 

Robert de Bunga ot BMlnEC.Londaii : 

1581. Robert Buon, Qoeen'i ColL : 
Rqr. ITbit. Oif. Hi. \oa. 

iSSt. Bani.— John Buai, i. foandlioe : 
St- Uary Aldennanr, p. 109. 

Londoa, \ I ; PliiUdelpbia, 5, o. 

BUler.—Loca] ; v. Baaley. 

B»ab7.— Local, ■ of Beeby ' ; 
V. Beebe. 

BeftolL— Local ; 1. Beech. 

Beftohami v. Beauchamp. 

Boftdltt, BMddall, Beadall, 
Blddts,B«adel, SiddelL— Offic 
'the beadle,' one who executed 
prt>cea9iM or attended praclama- 
tioM. TheH,E.D.givesthefoIlow- 
ing early dictionary tbrins (among 
others) : bidit, btadil, btidiU, 

lohn le BbU, eo. SoiH., i Edw. Ill: 
Klity'i QuMt, B- 'St 

AIu Bedelloi, eo. Kent, Hec III-Ed<r. 


Manlnle B^ co. Noif., iJ 

l,<(7S-9. Riclnrd Bedal, co. Stafforit: 
Sej;. Univ. Orf. voL ii. pE. n, p. 86. 

i<8d-i. Ricbard Beedle, co. Wore: 

i6u. Bapt— Jaba, loa of Jolm Biddall : 
Si. HlchaS, Conihiii, p. 119. The lame 

i6«a. Marrred- Uuke White and Uary 

Biddle : St. Dionia Backcharch, p. 3^. 

Londini, 4, o, J, 11, 1. 3 ; New York 
(Beddl<, 47; PhMaHflphia, j, n^ o, 140, 

Beadnum.— Occup. 'the bead- 
man,' one who prays for others; 
one paid to pray for the soul of his 

Skelton (H.KD,). 

WiDian BcdnaD, 
HI : Kirhv'H QorM, n. 

1650. Biried-Bi'™ 
5l. fu Clerki 

1793. Married — William Culltn 
Cathcclne Beadman : St. Geo. Hub. 

v'h Qortit, p. 171. 
iried-E?>n, i. John 1 

London, 2. 

discover the meaning of this sur- 

Emma la Btkc, co. Hunla, UTV A. 
Willlain leBcke co. Hunti, Ibid. 
Aide Beke, co. Hunla, ibid. 
William le Byk, co. Oif., ibid. 
1,^89-90. SiniDn Beakc, co. Kent: R^. 

1600. NicholsiWilaonand Joan Beake: 
Marr&ee Lie (London), i. jij. 

ificjTBapt.— Elit, d. Fnderic Bcake : 
Si. Ju. Clerkenwell. i. 109. 

London, I, ; MDB, (eo. Keoll i, ; 
Boa.™ (l/.S.'l, 1, 3. 

BmI, Boalet B«aU.-Local, 
'of Seal,' sometimea called Beal- 
on-the-Hill, a hamlet in north 
Durham, close la thesea. Id Testa 
de Nevill it is spelt Behil, and it 
is recorded there that Gilbert de 
Behil held it of the sec of Durham 
(QQQ p. ao3). 

WilllBio Selby, de Beall, 1631 ; QQQ. 

^»ou' Ic fleliil, ijSi: ilnd. P.J03. 
Liurence Beil, 1517 i ibid. p. lai. 
John Bele, i ^i : ibid. p. niil. 
WUlebnu SeaU', 1379 : P. T. Yorb. 

ijSi. Tbonia)BeaIeorBe[e,co.HeTer.: 
Reg. IJniir. Oif. vol. Ii. pt. li. p. laS. 

ig97. Uarried-JtAn Deane and Ann 
Beak ; St. Mary Aldermarv. p. JS- 

London, 14,31, 1 ; Philadelphia, 9^ 40, 3. 

B«ain, Bo&nu, Beamas. — 
Local, 'at the beam," from re^. 
dcDce by a prominent tree ; Ixam, 
wood ; O.E. a tree; cf. Nutbeam. 

Oabam Alebrsme, 



Ill : Klrbj'i Qnnt, p. 150. 

1750. Harried — Aaron Hl.,.---.. — 
RIIl Bcaou: St. Geo. Cbnp. Mafriii 



Beaumont,' q.v. ; cf. Rayment for 
Raymond, Wyman for Wymond, 
Osman and C&mcnt for Osmond. 
The spellings of this surname in the 
Reg. Univ. Oif. vol. jL pL ii. are 
Beaman, Beament, Beamont, Bey- 
man, Beymond, &c. 

te^nan : HarriaEe Lie. (Londo 
161^ Richard Beamond a 


i74S.~Uatricd — ^omu Wright and 
GnceBeainoBt: 8l.Ceo,Cli*p.&aylilir. 

1749. — Riebaid Daniel and Maigatel 
fieuaan : ibid. d. i^j. 

k (Bea- 


1 (IJ.S.), . 

BeftmlBh.— Local, 'ofBeatnish,' 
a parish in co. Durham, seven 
miles from Gateshead. It is pos- 
sible the entries below belong to 
some other locality. 

Robert de Beanmeia, allai Beameli, co. 

Rc^r de BeaniBca, co. Salop, itrid. 

Arnca de Beaumey*, co. Hnnta. ihid. 

174S. Manied-lphn Hnghea and Ana 
Beamia : St. Geo, Chap. Hayfair, p. loi. 

London. 1 ; New York, a ; Crockford, 
J \ Fhiladelpbia, 4. 

Baan, Baana.— (') Local, 1 

(3) Boot 'the son of Benedict,' 
from the nick. Ben, dim. Bennett. 

Manrice de la Bene, co. Salop, 10 Bdw. 
I. R. 

£din Bene, CO. Kent, 1173. A. 

Johanna Bene, 1379: P.T. 

WillelniBa Bene, 1379: ibid. p. 161. 

On the same page as the preceding, 
in the same village, occurs Willel- 
musBenne. If the same, theongin 
Is simple. 

WIElelmm Bene, 1379 : P.T.Yorki.p.JJ7- 

TbonM Been, IiTo: ibid.p.UJ. 

lOSd UBrrie<i-Tuck Beanne and Re- 
beckejennrr: Sl.liliryAlderfnar!F,p. 36. 

Wat Ridine Coan Dir., 7, o; BoMon 
(U.S.), 95. » ; Philadelphia. 37. 1. 

Bear.— (0 Local ; v. Beer, (a) 
Nick, 'the bear,' one of surly 
temper. A common entry in early 

Robert It Ber, co. Kent^ ujj. A. 

Adam le Ben:, co. Camb., ibid. 

Clement le Bere, co. Oxf. tbid. 

Walter le Bere, CO. Oif- Ibid. 

1614. Uatricd— Fanor Beara and Cathe- 
rine Powell : St. Uaiy AldenDarr. p. 13. 

ifiaB. HaibBeanaiHlDoratbySkeareai 



Beorbalt, Bearbaate.— Nick, 
'onewhn b&itedorbMted thebetr.' 
' ThuDe iwo dah the here bcytt' 
H&velok, iB3a(SkeaI). 

CO. Clanc- ibid. 
— "~'-fc ibid. 


1^. Henfy Bercblr 


Bearbloak.—t Local, 'it the 
bearbli>ck'(;), the block to which 
the bear was chained, from resi- 
deiice thereby. 

U75. Bdwird Benblocke, co. Kent: 
""■"-■■■ "-',p<.ii.p.68. 


b^ WiUiun Betiblocke, &r^ 

KtdtYofl^^on,^'""™""" " 

ute F>|m (Domnlic), 

1 61(1 Antonjr Sam me irHi aonn 
Berblock: MumKecLIcO'Ondoii), I.31& 

1674. BniiBl— Oinicll BarFblockc: ^ 
Marv Aldermaiy, p. 189. 

Charles Bearblock occurs in the 
Devonport Directory, ro. Devon, 

UDB. (cD. Bua\ 4. 

Baud.— Nick, 'the bearded.' 
An early surname. Speaking of 
Geoffrey Hsrtel's death, a.d. 1060, 
Freeman »ays, 'To his namesake 
Geoffrey, surnamed the Bearded, 
be left AnjDu and Saintogne ' 
(Norm, Conqest, iii, 180) : v. Withi- 

William Cnm-Batba, eo. Ort, 1*73. A. 

Richard Cna-Bacba, co. Oif . ibi± 

Hagh cam-Birba, ca BedT.. ibid. 

Adam com-Batba, 1179: P.T-Yorka 

I011-3. C«i«Til van Holbmokc and 
Snaan Beard: Ilarringe Lie (London), 

1145. Burinl - Mr. Kdward Bcntde, 
FToccr. in Cotnhill : Sl. Michael, Corn- 

1771. Muried'-RichaidBcardaBd Abo 
Ginder: Cuilubnry Catlwdral, p.g6. 
London, 33 ; Phiftddphia, jB. 
BeardBftU. — Local, 'of Buerd- 
sall,' a place in the parish of 
Rochdale, co. Lane. 

enry Clr«r, of Bmrdialt, oaiMi of 
ij_i. -'-,: WillialChertci.i.Jl. 

' JI,o(BUkkr,ieio:ibid 
*'Adam Bnenball, of MaDcfaater, 1546 

Boftrdale;, Beardalae | v. 


B«ar«^-Local ; v. Beer. 

Bearward, Beanrood (l).~ 
Occup. 'the bearward,' i. e. the 
keeper of a bear for exhibition of 
tricks; one who travels from place 
to place with a bear. '1399. Abere- 
ward fond a rag' (H.E.D.), 

wl, Con 

.ill. p :« 


dad in Papa H 

p. 117. 



Beater, Bater.— Occup. ' the 
beater,' a wool-beater, a fuller. 
'To full cloth is to felt the wool 
together: this is done by severe 
beating and pounding'; v. Full (3), 
(Skeat). 'Jacobus, the son of Joseph, 
was throwe there fro the pinacle 
of the temple, and after smet with 
a fuller's bat ' (Capgrave's Chroni- 
cles, under date 30 a.d. ; v. Wool- 
beater). ' A beter, virirralor, baeu- 
Udor; 1483 (Cath. ADgl.). 

Hneh de Ferlinnon, baiur, iS Bdv. I : 

lobn le Belcre. co. WllH, 117^ A 

William ie Beterc C. R. 1 Kdw. Ill : 
KirbT'>3n»t,p. ij6. 

Joha &tonr, co. Soma., 1 Bdw. Ill : 

1777. Mairiwl — Jamra B""")",, unH 
Ann Butcr: Sl. Cm. Han. 1 

London, I, i ; Crockford, 

Beaton.— Bapt 'the son of 
Beatrice,' from nick. Bete and 
dim. Bct-on. It is found till recent 
daym in Cornwall, that last home of 
decayed forms of English font- 
names. But its origin does not 
appear to have been known. 
'Beton the Breanten 
Bade him good morrow.' 

Fief* Tlownian, Fan. V. 
'Bete, or BelBiw. propyr name, 
Btatrix ' : ProDpL hrr. p. M- 
Johannta Beton, 1379: P. T. York*. 

Bclon dc Walh : ibid. p. lOO. 
Bclon,Knnint of Robert, fiL Ade, 1379 : 

Bctio de FriKobald. a 

JohnBetyn, HH.'., I171. A 

Beatm, d.o( John Hom^l, 1637: Reg. 
Sl. Colnmb M»Dt, p, 315. 

Beaten, d. oT RichanTConilihe, itis"' 
<hid. p. 111. 

Bcateo, d. of Thomai B*)'le7, 1G99: 



1694. Bapi.-Roheit. won of William 
Belon: St.UanrAlderniaTT. p. III. 
L.oiidon, g ; riiiladelphla, 5. 

Beataon, Baetaon. — Bapt ' the 
son of Beatrice,' nick. Bete ; v. 
Beaton. Beatrice was, together 
with its nicks., ■ prime bvourite in 
Yorkshire. The Poll Tax (1370) 
teems with it Hence still hrgdy 
represented; v. Beaton, Bettinson, 

WalwrfiLBaitricie,lJ73. A. 

Richard Be>trice»ii, C. R. 11 Edv. II. 

Iabellrlil,WillelmlBeUK)n,i379: P.T. 

RichardBete»n,i494.eo.YDrk. W.ii. 

These two last entries agree with 
Prompt Parv. aipra ; v. Beaton. 

1718. Marfied — William Grant and 
BUiabeth BeatuD : St. Uary Aldermaiy, 

London, i.o ; 9wfletd, 5,0 ; WrM RidiniF 
CouR DIr. 6, o : New York, 3, 1 ; Fhila. 


Beattle. Beattey, Beatty.— 
Bapt 'the son ofBeatrice.' Beattie 
was the Northumbrian and Low- 
land Scotch form of the pet name. 
' An abbreviation of the female 
nameBeatrii'(Jamieson). Thefol- 
lowing variants of this surname are 
foundDntlieBorder:BBetie, Baltic, 
Baittie, Batie, Baty, Batye, Baytie, 
and Bette; v. The Debateable Land, 
by Robert Bruce Annstrong, p. 184. 

1799. Married — William Beaty and 
Sarah Dana : St. Peter, Corahiil, li. 78. 

London, II, I, 1 1 Newcanle, 4, 0, o; 
Philadelphia, 19, r^ rjo. 

ohem, Beeoham.— Local, ' of 
Beauchamp.' Hr. Lower mentions 
a Beauchamp near Avranches, and 
another near Havre. Its equiva. 
lent local term in England is Fair~ 
field. Hugh de Bel-Champ, or 
Beauchamp (latinized in early re- 
cords as 'de Bello-Campo '), ob- 
tained forty-three lordships from 
the Conqueror (Lower). Some of 
the variants may relate to some 
spot called Bcecham (cf. Ashton), 
which would make Uum purely 
English, but 1 cannot find such s 

John de Bcllo Cimpb co. Soma, I 
Bdw. Ill : Kiriiy'i QnM, p. 187. 
IhomaadeBechansoo.Soais, t Edw. 

, Google 


! Beaochainp, co. W»r. 

Mm. Ill-Edw. I. K. 
Rngcr dc BeuchMunpe, CO. Bcilf., : 

Rr^C. Ui 

1'<»><I<>B| 3i ii 'i3i PM^deipliu, I, i,a,a 

Beauclerk. Bettuolere.— Kick. 

'the beauclerk' (a nickname of 
Henry I), 'learned clerk, good 
scholar' ; cf. opposite characteristic 
in Hanclarlce, q.v. 

1367. 'Hcnricu cornciinailo Bcbd- 
cleA': H.E.D. ^ 

'Walker ipoki Btrriciltr dC one who 
bribed a BiAiop'a Kaairy to pan him 

•0 '^nned he returned to "WapenliAiii a 
branciSk " ' : Satterinn of the Clenry, 
edited bjr Whiitaker, p. 176. 

Char)^ Beaoclerke. FP. 

17}!- Lord Williun Beanclerk and 
Charlotte Wenka : Marriage Lie (Fa- 
colty Office), p. 149. 

MDB. (CO. Kent), 1, a ; Riiladelphia, 

Baaufoy, Bofi^.— Local, ■ of 
Beau-Fai,' in the arrondissement 
ofHortagne, in Nt>nnaiidy (Lower, 
p. aa), 

Ralph de Bcanfow, co. Line, 10 Bdw. 

1. rT 

Richard de BeaBfov, co. Unc, ibid. 
Richard dr Beaaroa, co. Oif,, 1173. A. 
Thomii de BeaoFoa, co. Line, ibliL 
Ralph Benafry co. Line , ibid. 
167.^-6. Heicalca Beaafov and Maiy 
Rum: UairiaEB Alh^. (WaUninuer), 

London, I, I ; Philadeiphta, o, 1. 
BettUfivra.— Nick. 'Beaufrere,' 
probably an address of courtesy 
like Beaup«re, Bonamy, Belcher, 
and Bellamy : the exact equivalent 
of English ' Fairbrother,* q.v. I 
doubt not buffrr, ■ term of feilow- 
shrp stai in U5C, is thu» eiplained. 
' Well, old buBTer,' was a common 
eipression of greetinginmy school- 
Walter Beanfrere, CO. Nonhomb., H78; 
Hodnoa'i Hin. Nonhnmbcrlaiid, Intia- 
daction, p. tgs- 
Roeer Bean/rere, IIP!!, M. 
Waller Beaofrere, ijoi. U. 
Walter^onu, i Edw.lII: 
Kirtw'i Qneit, p. 106. 
John B^rere, C R-, a Edw. IV. 

Beaumont, Beaman, Bea- 
ment, Beamont, Beman, Be- 

" ' ■ -Local, 'de Bel- 

mont 'or' de BeaumonL' 'Ro^r 
de Belmont appears in Domesday 
as ■ chief tenant in cos. Gloucester 
and Dorset ' (Lower), probably a 
near kinsman of the Conqueror. 
' The Ilin. de la Normandie gives 
five places in that Province called 
BeatmionI' (ihid.). Nearer home 
are parishes or places named Beau- 
mont io cos. Cumb., Essex, and 
Leicester (ibid.). Generally speak- 
ing, the surname is of Norman ex- 
traction; V. Beaman. 

Uathaeu de Bella Uoote, CO. Devon, 
Hen. lll-Ed». I. K. 

Richard de Bcanmiuid, 
Edw. I. R. 

Oofl're]! de Beamond, co. Soaihampl., 

"William Beunant, co. Oif., ibid. 
GodTrcj de Beanmand, co. Noithaaipt, 

Richard de Bello Honte, co. Devon, 



Ree. Udit. Oif. vol. ii. pt. li. p. iifl. 

I032. John fieaninond, of Uancbeater: 
WilliatCheaer.ii. IS. 

London, 38, 1, 3, I, I, 1, I ! New York 
{Beanicnt), 1 ; Bonoa (U.S.), 4. >'• o, 1, 

Beauprs. — Local, ■ of Beau- 
preau,' a. town in France. Pos- 
sibly its manulaclures of linen and 
woollen originated the name of tbe 
linen fabric, btaufitrs or bnuptta 
(v. H.E.D. 'beaupers'). At any 
rate, the fact that the surname 
existed and reached England is 
corroborative, as suggesting mer- 
cantile relations. 

John de Beaapre, CO. Devon, 1373. A. 

Beavaa, BesTan, Beavlne. 

-Bapt ab-EvBO (Welsh), i.e. 'the 
son of Evan'; v. Bevan and Bevans. 
Similarly Evan and Evans are found 
as Heaven and Heavens, q.v. 

1676. Maltbew Dtnia and Hannah 
BeavEn : Uairiajte Lie. (Facaltr Office), 

175J. Married— John Beaveni and Elit 

Roalut : St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair, p. 3J3. 

London, 10, 4, ■ : New York, o, 1, u. 

Beaver, Beevei*. Bever. — 

(i) Local, ' de Beauver,' ^)elt in 
general history ' de Beauvoir.' The 
Prior of Beauver is frequently al- 
luded to in early registers. 

(Prior) de Benver (co. NotU), < 
™m, c^ Ymk.ibid. 

John de 1 
John de 1 

(a) Nick, 'the beaver,' a sobriquet 
from the animal so called. 

Adam BrvTT, CO- Somt., ii73. A. 

JohnlcBever. G. 

JnoleBevere. N. 

i67(. Edwnrd Beaver and Ellinor 
Jeffenet: Uairiajce Allej;. (Canlerbnry), 

1™. BapL— Elit, d. William Bever: 
St. Tbomaa the ApoKle (London), p. 78. 

London, 3, ', o : Philadelphia, 40, k\\\ 
NewYork..6,'.,o. ' '^'^'^ 

BeavlB, Beaveo, Beavtes, 
Beauvaifl. — (i) Local, 'of Beau- 
vais,' in France, (a) Bapt. a 
modification of Beavins or Bevins, 
q.v. ; cT Purkias for Perkins. 

Simon de Beanveja, London, 30 Edw. 

Philip de Beaaveya, London, ibid. 
lUI-e. Edward Beavyi and Elia. 
Come* : UarHige Uc. (London), i. 18. 
1601. John Grantham and JoneBevyi! 

160S. Peter Bevii, co. Devon : Rej. 

:6i4. Charlea'seavii', ibidi! 177. 

" aton (U.S.), o, o, 

0,1; Philodeipiia, i', D, 

Bebb— Bapt. the s 
bara,' a variant of Babb, 

Manied— Ro£er Beb 
hn Be'* ■ - 

Bowlet: St- UichaeLComhill, p. ic. 

1741. —John Bebb and Sarah Prigs: 
■■•id. p. 69. 

Beofe, Becke.— Local, ' at the 

beck,'from residence beside the beck, 
a running stream, a small rivulet, 
a word still ID common use in the 
North. ' Bek watyr, rendylle, 
riimlus, lorrtHs': Prompt. Parv. 
Richema del Bek, C R., sH Hen. III. 



Ins del Bek', 1379 : ^- T- Vorki. 

"^BiSeit atte Bek, C R., 10 Ric. IL 
William alle Beck, temp. 1300. M. 
' Robert atte Bek and Ifaud hi> wife 

held lands here (Beck-Hslll in the 33rd 

of Edwird 111 ' : FP- i-iii. iSq. 
iiS34- Alexander Shancke and Calhrrine 

Beckc : Uarriaee Lie, (London), ii. 140. 
17(0. HsniS- JOH^h Beck and Ca- 

thenneAndrewa: St. Geo. H>n.S<t.l. S8. 
London, 3S, I ; Fhiladdpfaia, aoi, I- 
Becker.^t Bapt. 'the son of 



Bcclcer'(I). Si>iaeold personal name ; 
cf. Beckert iGermui) in London 

Alida B«k*r, 1379 : P. T. Yorlu. p. 84- 

Harotft BMkar, 1379: ibid. 

i6aI. Haninl-SoKer B«:ker and Ann 
Nicola: Sl.]ai.Clerkenwell, iii. 164. 

1761. — Ludcwig Btclicr and ]anE 
Toolka : St. Gml Han. Sq. <. lai. 

London, 9; PhiladeJphia, 104. 

Beokett.— (t^ Lool. ' at the 
becic-head'; v. A'Bei^kct. (a) Bapt. ; 
c£ Birkett. Probably a personal 
name ; cf. Becker. 

Jofan Beclul, «. Soott., I Bdw. lit : 
Kirbjr^i Quoc, p. 93. 

Robntu BeckcL 1379: P. T. Yorki. 

iJSJ. Robert B*krtt and Elene Mar- 
ahalr: Marriaee Lie (London), i. 8. 

1386. Thomas JcnninEi and Elii. 
Beckett: Ibid. p. i«. 

l6iq. Richard Becket, of Ui. Ch.i 
Rej. Univ. 0.f. Iii 380. 

London, 33 ; Phiiadelptiia, 10. 

Beokford, Biokford.— Local, 
'of Beckford,' a pariah in co. 
Gloucester, about aix miles from 

(Prior) de Bckeford, co. Glooc., Hen. 
Itl-Bdw. I. K, 

(Prior) deBekeford. CO. Glonc. 1171. A. 

Adam da Beckefanl, co. Glouc, ibid. 

Hennr de Bedierard, co. Gloiio.. ibid. 

Alei. de Bikefoid, co. Staff.. Ibid 

'William Bcckfoid (1709-70), twice 
Lord Major of London. . . , Tile Beck- 
Isrdi wen daccndcd From a family long 
mident in GloaeeMcnhire': Det. Nat. 
BioK, iv. 80. 

1743. Married— Fmndi B«kford and 
Lady Albinia Betlie : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 

London, 3, I : Boaton (U.S.), 11, 45. 

Beoklea.— Local, 'of Beccles,' 
a parish in co. Suffolk. 

Daniel d* Becclisi Norwicli, I3j6 : FF. 
liLjas. ^ 

Hogh de Becdea, co. SaW., 1371. A. 

Crikfo.ti, 7. " 

BaoUay.— Local, 'of Becklcy,' 
(i) a parish in co. Oxfonl : (a) a 
parish in co. Sussex, near Rye. 

■nioina«deBeckelegh,co.Oif.,ii73. A. 

Henry de Beckelr, co. Oifn ibid. 

idi3. Simon Becklcy. co. Berki, and 
Hanr Wincb : Uarriafe Alle^. (Canler- 


I7J3. Uarnetf-John BeeklcT and Elii. 
WitlKn : SL Gn. Chap. HayFur. p. 358. 
London, 6; Philadelphia, 9. 

Beoknuui, Beoknuan. — 
fiapt. ' the son of Bcckmaan ' 


(German). For an English ex- 
ample, V. Bickman. 

1667. ManisI — John Herman and 
Suianna Wright : St. )■>. Clerkenwell, 

Philadelphia, 39, 3 ; London, o, 3. 

Bsokwith.— Local, 'of Beck- 
with,' a hamlet in the parish of 
Pannall, near Harrogate, co. York 
(cf. Askwith; no doubt the suffix is 
a variant of wortA ; v. Wort hi. This 
surname is strongly established in 
Boston tU.S.). ' Robert Beckwith, 
aged ai, went out in 1635 in the 
Transport, bound for Virginia' (V. 
Hotten'a Lists of Emigrants, p. 

Willelmas Bekwjrt, 1379: P. T. Yorka. 

Daj 34. 

„■! .flalh 

mIi '* 

L tfifc., 


Bed.— Local, 'of the bed," an 
official title : the yeoman of the 

Gilbert del Bed. H. 

Gilbert del Bed, Ckw Roll, 30 Edw. I. 

'To Lamberte yonan of the Bcdde, 
viit.vii/.'iuo: FnTV Pune Eip., Friocesa 
Mary, p. ffiT "^ 

BaddftU.— Offic. 'the beadle'; 
V. Beadle. 

BeddeI,CR.,5e Henry III. 

MuT Beddall: St. Geo. Cbap. Mayfair, 
London, i; Fliilade]{4iia, I; Kew 

Bsddoe, Baddoeo, Bsddow, 
Bedow, PeddowB, Beddowm. 
-BapLap-orab-Eddow. AWelsh 
palronymic, ' the son of Eddow ' ; 
cC Bevans. Bethell, Bloyd, Ben. 
yon, &c. My view is corroborated 
by the (act that Ed do we existed 
alongside Beddowc ; cf. Bithell and 
IthcU, Ennian and Bennion. AUo 
as Eddowe became Eddowes, so 
Beddoe became Beddoes ; v. Ed- 
dowes. Although I may not have 
got the exact Tom of the personal 
name, there can be no doubt about 

o, a o; Cr«:kVord (lijg), 0,1.^ 
MDB. (ca Radnor)? o, I. 0^ o, a, . 
Ok ftOitPeinbroke), t. 
itgomeryX o, 4. a o. o. 1 
domX '; Fbiladelphii, 


the origin as stated above. Bed- 
does is a double patronymic, part 
English, part Welsh ; ab-Eddow-s. 
This final a is the same as the s in 
Williams or Jenoinga; v. Bevans- 

IS77-8. Richard P. 
Gmn; WarriafreLi 

— Richard Lore and Johan 
uidow: ibid. 

1 trS-o. Thomai Bcito, co. Salbp ; Re;. 
U.i.v.Oif. vol. il.pLii. 0.85, 

Edward Beddowe, of Tybroaghlon. Co. 
Flint, veoman, 1630: Willi at Cbater 
(1631-1650),^ iB. 

Mar^arcc Beddowe, of HaaoMr, i6ti : 

William Beddowe, clerk, Ticar of 
Hanmtr, 1.S74 : ibid, (iS4.'!-i™o), p. 16. 

Diind eadowe, of Ikoyd, co. Flint, 
itos: ibid. p. (9. 

Thomai Eddowe. of Oldcastle, r6i5 : 

(Salop), 3. it; 

af^ a o: (Mc 

Bed&rd.— Local, ' of Bedford,' 
in the CO. of Bedford. 
John de BedFord, lai 
-.fYork,! 3C 

" .:;\;;..:....:ifcd/ 

Bedforih, 1379: P. T. 

157S. Antony BcdTord, co. Salop: Reg. 
Unfv. Orf.vofii. ptii.p.84. 

I5S9. John RobynKln uidAnn Bedford : 
Marnage Lie. (London), L 180. 

i7D7.%pt.-Blii., d. William Bedford: 
St. Jas. Clerken.-el], ii. 37. 

London, 33 ; Mancheiter, 4 ; Pniladal- 
phia, 17. 

Badlngham. — Local, 'of Bed- 
ingham,' parishes in diocs. of Kor- 
wich and Chichester. It is possible 
that in some instances Beadman is a 
corrupted form. We have parallel 
instances in Deadman for Deben- 
ham, and Putman for Putnam, i.e. 
Puttenbsm. Of course it would be 
more satisfactory to refer it to the 
same origin as Paternoster, and 
there is strong evidence for this 
view. The corruptions would. be 
as follows: Bedingbam, Bedden- 
ham, Bednam, Bedman, Beadman; 
V. Beadman for a really satistactory 
solution of that 51 


Jordan de Bedeford, co. 
Robert de BedeFortt co. 


1515-6. WiUimn Bedyn^iun and Elm 
Botande : Marriage L^c ^jODdon), L 5. 

Bedward. Baddnrd.— BapL 

ab-£dward (Wel£h}-.£rslish Ed- 
wards or Edwardson; v. Bellis for 
further instances. Only found on 
the border? of the Principality. 

Richard ap Edward, alOyinoa, 15S1 : 
Willi Bl Cbntcr (iMj-ieio). p. .(9. 

Edward ap Bdwacd, of tOiolnM, i(>>9: 
Ibid. ll6ii~i6so), p. 71. 

Id the i8t]i century this had ai- 
sumed [he fom ofBedward. 

John Bedward, 1747: Lis of Frennen 
in Cbotrr (in the Bynm Library, 
ChMhaoi Library, ManctieileT). 

From Bedward to Beddard was 
an easy and natural step. 

"^1647. M«iried-Willi«n Bedvwrd and 
Mary Hayward: S(. Jai. ClerIcni«Ell, 

1753. — Edward Beddard and Mary 
Frltchard: 81. Gca Chi^). Mayfair, 

p. 134. 

The above entry is very Welsh, 

Uverpoot, t, : Lmdon, I, I ; MDB. 
(Salop), ., o. ' ' 

Bftdwln.— Local, 'of Bedwin,' 
two parishcB, Great and Little 
Bedwin, in Co, Wilts. 

William Bedewine. co. Deron, 1973. A. 

1744- Manwl - Cnmond UcDnnll 
and Mary Bedwin ; St. Geo. Chap. Hay- 

Bee.— (i) Nick, 'the bee,' an 
industrious mao, a busy woman. 
(a) Bapt. ' the son of Beatrice,' 
from the nick. Bee, still in use. 

Alicia B™, 1379: P. T. YorlM. p. 371. 

Thomia B«, 1447: co*. Nortbunib. 
and Durham : PPpTi. 31J. 

1JS7. Bapt.— Williaiii, aon of Agna 
Bm : St. Ja*. Ckrkcnwcll. i. 19. 

iSitJ. Edward Bee and Margery Pyke : 
Mnmaje Lie. (LondonX i. 343. 

174.1;. Morriisd— John Bee and Elii. 
White : St. Geo. Hu. Sq. i. 9C. 

London,!; Bonon(U.S.), 4. 

Beebe, Baeby, B«&b;, Bae- 

bae.— Local, 'of Beeby,' a village 

six miles from Leicester ; v. Bibby. 

167S. Thomu Beeby and Hannah 

Kine: Uarriage Alleg. (Canterbury), 

1744. Harried— Jamea Beeby and Maiy 
DtmnaB : St. Geo. Chap. Maylair, p, 44. 

1760. — Jamea Beeby and Mary 
Dnoiai St. t^ea Has. Sq. L 98. 

London,!, c, 0,0: MDB. (co.Leicaler). 
o. I. o, 01 (eo. Wiluj, o, o, », a; (co. 
SuAordX o, c^ o, 11 ; Philadelphia, (i, o, 

Eufrmia de ta BedK, co. Norf., 35 Ed>v. 
Ill : FF. viii. 187. 

Thomai atle Becbe, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
tit : Klrby'i Qiiesl, p. 130. 

iicob de la Betbt co. 0»f., 1J73. A. 
latilda de ta Beche, co. Camb., ibid. 
WiUiam de U Beche, m. OxI., ibid. 
1633, Bapl.- Rebecca, d. Rager Beech ; 
St. Jai Cl£rkcn..Il,i. 97. 

tilS. Married -Thomaa Beech and 
Rebecca Home: St. Michael, Cornbill, 

Loikdon, 15, 16; Philadelphia, 9, ai. 

Beaoluunj v. Beaucbamp. 

Beechsr.— (i) Occup, 1 am 
not able to state the avoca- 
tion followed by ' le Becher.' 
(a) Local, ' the beecher,' one who 
lived by some prominent beech- 
tree (v. Beech) ; cf. Bridger. 

Henry le Beechw (alio Becchnr), co. 

Ti,pt. il.'p.i6B. 
n. B«he- - " 


:HeT, or Bcecber, of 

London : ibid. p. 104- 

167D. Married— Oliver Beecher and 
Sarah Wyao: St. Michael, Cornhill.p. 39, 

'7*7- — Janiei Beecher and A&ieail 
Oakman : St. Gcol Chap. Mayfair. p. Si. 

London, i; Boaton (U.S.J, 5; New 

BMohey.— Local,' at theBeech- 
ey,' i.e. the beech-isle, the little 
i^ond covered with beech-treci. 
Seemingly some small islet in one 
of the streams or rivers in co. 
Oxford. — I wrote the above several 
years ago, but 1 find a second deri- 
-■'-- and possibly the true one in 


.. Sonu 

Brownvng By 
Edv. Ill : Kbi^'a Qoeat, p. 94. 

This means Browning at the 
Beech-hcy, i. e. be lived beside 
the beech enclosure ; v. Hey, a 
Geld enclosed by beech-trees. 

}CbI, *at theberc' 
croft,' i.e. barley-croft (v. Croft) y 
qL Rycroft. A.S. btn, barley., 
Evidently a Yorkshire local sur-' 
name. I find no instances in the 
London church registers printed 
by the Harleian Society. There 
can be no doubt about the origin 
of this name. 

Walter de Bercroft, co. York. I>73. A. 
Matilda Bercroft. co. York, ibid. 
Johonnei de Bercrolt, 1379; P. T. 

Jamea Beecrot^ 1387! ^ 
T&nai Be«™n, Non 

'■£t . 

SihnleBef, co.Oif., 1271. A. 
obert le Bef, CO. Oaf., iKd. 

-Local, a comiptioa 

Baar, Baere, Beare, Baur.— 

Local, 'at the here,' i.e. at the 
byre, the farmstead, cowshed, or 
village; v. Words and Places,p. iJi; 
cf.Coneybeare. Cotninon in Devon- 
shire place-names. The same as 
by in Formby, Rugby, Willoughby, 
&c. ; cf. sucb places as Bere Fcr- 
rara, Ber« Regis, Beer Alston, 
Beer Hacket, Langabeer, all in 
Devonshire and Dorset district. 

John de Bere, co. Soma., 1 Ed«. Ill : 
Klrby'i Qneot, p. 143. 

Robert aue Bere, co. Soma., i Gdw. lit : 



Wiliiaii atle Byr, eo. Hertf., Hen. III- 
i:.dw. 1. K. 

L,iicy de la Bere, CO. Devon ; itrid. 

Elyai dela Byan, co. Denn, 1173. A. 

John de la Byare, col Devon, Ibid. 

Reginald de Bere, ro. Devon, lUd. 

Ricliard ds la Bere, co. Bedi:, w Edv. 
I. R, 

RabertdelaBeT^eo.Soathampt,, Ibid. 

John Here, or Bcere, 1334, rector of 
Bndellion, co. Cornwall : ^eg. Univ. 
Oif. L 103 and index. 

1614. Bfanied — Pavor Bran and 
Cathetjiw PoweUi St. Mary Aldcrmary, 

1713. — Swoad Keymer aad Sarah 


New Vorli, i6, s 

Lodcmai and benbrevm.^ 

Cocke Lonllc't Bote. 

Lambert Bwrbnicr, m. York, W. Ii 

'Hie iaccc RicarduK LauTrnec filiu 

Lasnniii Bcibicorcr, aliu Wyllyaniinn 

A-D. Ijou: SLSImsa and St. jBde(Noi 

wjch): FF. iY. 3S7. 

Boeaton, Bamod, BMatlng. 
— Local, ' of Beeston,' » villtge 
near Leedi. With BeesoD, cf. 
Kelson for Kelston, &c. 

Rodalpliu de BcMoii, Baqnier, «( 
B«M<^i379; P. T. Vorkft p. IQi. 

WilHmDtde Baton, 13791 ibid.p.Mi. 

Johmna de Btm cB, 1J79 : \bid.p.xi6. 

ic/o, Robert BeiMoiie, CO. York : Rer. 
Univ. Oif. VOL ii. PL Ii. p. 8S. 

I701. UaniHl— Ralph BeMon aod 
EltttWdiin: St ]■» Ckrkaiwcll, iiL lit. 

>7<»- — Jo*°P>> Beenn and EUi. Kill, 
muter: Si. Ceo. Han. Sq. II. io>. 

London, & o. o: Sheffield, 1, 1, o: 
WeB RMlng Conn Dir., a, >, 1 j Eliila. 

Beet.— Bapt 'tlie son of Bea- 
trice,' from the nick. Bete ; v. 
Beaton and Beatson. Bete or 
Beet was a familiar nick, in York- 
shire, where Beatrice was very 
popular as a font-name in the 
I3lh and 14th centuries. 

Alidl Bete, doshter, 1379 : P.T.Tock*. 

Johannee Bete, 1011, iiTg ; ibid. p. ■•. 

16S7. WillnnBcetaiidltaciKllSirut: 
Marrlan Alleg;. (Canicibui^}, p. la 

London, 1 ; SbeffiEld, 4. 

BMtaon i V. B«atson and Beet 

Beloher, Belohler.— Nick, 'bel- 
sire,' grandfather, or perhaps td 
thtrt, good friend; cf. Bellamy, 
Bowsher, and Bonamy. 

_ ._ ..._ 1 brOfht thai 

jebadbrint'; York Uyueiyplinp. 161. 

Bebyre, or bclfather, ridcn or modrri 
fader, Binu ' : Prompl. Parv. See alw 



Ridiard Belcdmt to. Gtoot, 1171. A. 

John Bcliirr, w. Kent, ibid 

Leonard Bdihyre, uuin bedel], O.. 
fenl ISM! B* Unir. OJ. toL ii. pt. i, 

Willian Belfher, iberiff of BriKol, 
IjCl! YyY.p.685. 

Thomai the ApoMle (Lomlon). p. 140. 

1783. Manird-Wahrr Belchar an 
Mary Waie : St. Cm. Han. Sq. i. ]<a 

London, ic^ 1 ; PhiUdelphia, iS, o. — Nick. ' handsome 
tegs' ; cf. Foljambe, 

BeUlcBariierco. Honta, 1173. A. 

BrlU or Bric CottT, co. Line., ibid. 

Nicholu Gl. Bclr, co. BedF., ibid. 

Bele Scaapeyi^ «. Canb., ibid, 
(a) Nick. < le bel,' i.e. the beau- 

Ralph le Bele, co. Camb., 1171. A. 

Hnrh le BeL co. Oaf., Ibid. 

Thomai If Bet, «>. Snff,, ibid. 

Robert Vc Belt mayor cri Bristol, iiiq : 
YYY.p.669. ^ 

(3) Local, ' at the BeU,' i.e. an 
inn-ugn, or one who dwelt by the 
bell, le. bell-chamber. 

John atte Belle. V. 

Richard atte Bell, irw- U. 

John aire Brlle(Lon' 

RoEfr atte B " 
Kirl^iQocjl,,. . 

Lwidon, is8; Philadelphia, 314. 

BelUmy, Bellomey.— Nick. 
a familiar expression, 'my good 
friend ' ; cC Bonamy. A common 
surname in early registers, 
' Fede I fy I that were a w^kjrd treaon 1 

Belamy, thou thai Em Hnytt-' 

York Mynrry flaji, p, 391. 

'Thon belamy, thou patdoocr ■be ««id. 

Chaocrr, C. T. iijji. 

( Belamy, Fayre fiynde ' : Prompt. Farv. 

>&iTy Belamy, CIok Roll, 1 Edw. I. 

Hnih Belani, co. Camb., 117}. A. 

Roffcr Belamy, ». Oil., ibid. 

John Belamy, co. Soma, 1 Edw. HI : 
Kirby'i Quctt, p. 133. 


1614. Bant.— Elil., d. John BelUmye: 
"J^Cl.-'--- - 

a.Sonu,, lEdw.lII: 

1757, Married— fharlea Parent and 

lii. BellamT : Sl Ceo. Han. So. L 71. 

London, 14, i ; Nev York, 5, o. 

BalUrd: v. Bellhird. 

BeUchajnbera, Belohamber, 
-Local, 'of Belcncombre,' in the 
arrondissement of Dieppe, in Nor- 
mandy. The present forms are 
imitative. There is not the slight- 
est evidence in favour of bu origin 
Bellhouse. Dr. Chamock 

has unwisely permitted himself to 

write as follows : ' A friend assures 
me he knows of a William Cham- 
bers who changed his name to 
Bill- chambers, of which he says 
Bcilchambers is a corruption ' 
(Ludus Patronymicus, p. 6}. 'Save 
me from my friends' receives a 
fresh consecration after this. 

John deBelmcambicco, E-a, 1171. A. 

Robert de BrlecuRibre, co. Eki, ibid. 

1654. Buried— Mary Belcfaamber: Sl 
Thomai the Apo«Ie (London), p. 130. 

I&T7. Thomai SbelbeTV and Merrian 
Bekhamber^ Marriafe AUej;. (Canter, 
bnry), p. i«j. 

1704. Married— Samael Belcbamben 
and Blii. Grant : St. Uco. Han. Sq, ii. I ii. 

London, 1, > ; Nev York, >, a 

Bellett, Betlott, Belot— Bapt. 

(I) ' the son of Isabel ' (I), from th« 
niek. Bel, dim. Bel-ot or Bel-«; v. 
Bell (r). The writer of the article 
on Hugh Bellot(r54a-96), bishop of 
Chester (Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 195), 
■ays, 'The Bellots were early seated 
in Norfolk. ...It has been suggested 
that the name is derived from 
b*irtli, a weasel, or Motit, gentle, 
pretty. ... We find the name spelt 
in various ways : Billet, Bellott, Bil- 
lelt, &c.' After writing the above 
I find a local origin implied by two 
entries in Blomefleld's HisL of 
Norfolk. If correct, those entries 
are entitled to the trai considera- 
tion. But I stroDgly su^ect a 
double origin. 

Adam Belot, co. Rnnta 1173. A. 

WiUiam Belei, co. Nor?., ibid. 

Hemn9BrjH,co.Oif., wEdw.L R. 

Lawrence de Belet, Co. Lint, ibid. 

Heny de Belet, ca Nocf., 1336: FF. 

' Inirrlmm de Belet, co. Noff., 6 Edw. 

Robert Belet, 8 Edw. H; ibid. vii. iSa 

1705. Married-CharlaDavliandAnn 
lellot : Si. Mary Aldrnnary, p. 38. 

L Geo. Han. Sq. 1. 78. 
I, o ; Crockfwd, 3, c 

Bellhird. Bellni-d.— Occup. 'a 

ill-herd,' a tender of bulls ; A.S. 
billaH, to bellow ; cf Coward, 
Oxhird, Calvert, Stoddart, or Shep- 

Simon Belh)rrd,ij79t P-T-Yorka,?.!?). 

Henry Bcllard, i^: ibid, p. 6. 

i6i7.'BapL— Kenry,a Ruben Bellard : 
St A<. CkrkoHnll, L 197. 



UDB. <Eul Rid. Yorki), a, i ; Nnr 

Bellhouse, BellowB.— Local, 
'«t the Bell-house.' The bell- 
house or tower wrs IVeqiienCJy 
detached from the church ; v. Bell- 
bouse (HXDO.eailj' corrupted to 

Ill : FP. vl. iti. 

John de BeUunK, hx Norf., rjSJ : ibii 

feoirdiwdeBrJhiUiCO.SDfl'.. 1371, A. 
Thomu de li BclhuK, co. Kent, ibid. 
Johonin de Bcllebou, 1379; P. T. 

Thomu Belhone, C. IL. iS Rk. II. 
Umi<.mBrilowa,n.yoiV,i44o. W- »■ 
lapt. — Rieliard, ■. Edward 
si. fat. Clerkenvrll, i. 13. 
xj/i. xJamed— John BcllhoiHe and 
Jane BaUon : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 309. 

niiladelphia, o^ S ; BoKon (U.S.), o, >7. 

Bellinger.— (I) Bapt.'theson 
of Beranger,' « corruption, v. Ber. 
ringer, l») Occiip,; v, Buliinger, 

The Erst is the more probable 

1563. Baried-WniiaiB BclliBffer; St. 

— Uanied— Thomai Bland and Rok 
Bellyinr: Ibid, n, 3>6. 

1^1-3- WiEIiimBcEnnfer and Dorothy 
Frrrybf^: UarTiajteLtc (Ixfndon). i.55. 

■6m. Hanied— Rjchard Aihman and 
Joan Bdiogcr : Si. Peirr, ComhilL p. 3,so. 

165S. Bapt.— Ann, d. Gilea BellinRi : 
St. Ju. CSkenwc-lL i, 301. 

London, 5 ; Philadelphia, 1. 

BeUlngham, Bmingham,— 

CO. North umlierUiid. (a) Local, 'of 
Billinghaiiii'apamh io co. Durham. 
I strongly suspect that some small 
*pot, also called Bet lingham, existed 
or exists in co. Norfolk, whence 
some of our Belli nghams and Bil- 
linghams. Mr. Lower says there 
13 a family of Bellinghams in co. 
Sussex, sprung ' from Belingehami 
a manor near Hastings, mentioned 
in Domesday ' (Pair. Brit p. 34). 

Enioa'; Welsh Ap-Enion — Ben- 
nion, q.v. ; further corrupted to 
Bellion ; cf. banistirs for baitaUrs, 
staircase railings ; u and / are con- 
stantly interchangeable in nomen- 

Livenxxil, 3; London. I ; New York, i. 

BelllB, BelllBS. Ballys, Bel- 

lyee.— Bapt 'the son of Ellis,' 
from Welsh Ap-EUis, which be- 
came Bellis ; cr.B]oyd^Ap-LlDyd, 
Belhell-Ap.Ithell, Beddard-Ap- 
Edward. Found much in Cheshire 
and the borders of the Principality. 
Also In cos, Denbigh and Flint. 

Ednrd ap Ellii, of Rojion, 1G31 : 
Will, a< Clie-ler (16J1-30), p. 73. 

John ap Ellia, orAllinnon, 1S41 


I. Nm^.,' 

BellinEham, ax Korf., c Henry 



1578. Richard Brlliniram, n 

Reg. Univ. Oif. toI. ii. pi. ii. p. 

t^a, HaiT7 Belin£ain, co 


l6i(. Grivrll GibbnaDd Elii. Bellinf- 
ham ; Marriace Lie, (London), ii. 105. 

: Marriaire Lie- (Lond< 

- ■' -■ -■-J«eph I, 

ngham : Sl Geo. Hi 

m, •, . : MDB. (CO. Harfol 
u SDua), 4, a ; PhiWelphia, 1 


^'y*n Vs. 

I Ibid. 

GriR-nh lloyd up Ellu de Yale, 00. 
Denbigh : VinL Gfonc, 1^33, p._96. 
John ap BUii ap GriSeth, eo. Denbigh : 

ifiio. Thonaa BridiR and Ursoia 
Brilln : Harriaee Lie (London), L 310. 

iSSe. Married— Richard, only ton of 
John Brllii, o< Lbndudno, and Judilh 
Amelia Eaton; Manchater Cwrler, 
March 10, iBSB. 

MDB, (co, Ch«,l, 1, o, 1. 4 i Liverpool, 
6, c^ e^ o; Uaieh, a, a n o; London, 
0, 1, o, o; rltiladelphia, S, (^ a, o. 

BfllUson, BeUon.— BapL < the 
son of BeU': v. Bell (i) and 
Belson. The tin Bellison either 
represents the a in Bella son, or is 
euphontcally intrusive, as the a in 
Greenaway (for Green way) or 
OlUway (for Otway}. 

'H6-7. Thoma* Andrown and Jane 

. >. — ■ Lie. (London), i, it. 

-Xvilllam BeUon : St. Ja>. 

BelJoa: Mai 

Ballmaii.—Offic, 'a bell-ringer' 
(ct Knowler), probably the old 
town-crier, or the officer who rang 
the hours in corporate towns. 

RebertuBelleinaa, 1)79: P.T.Yorks. 

]6oo-i. Richard Beilmajn^ CO. Devon r 
Leg. Univ. Oif. vol ii. pt. ii. p. JJJ. 
lOii. Robert Belbtuyn^ co. DenM: 

JvA. Baried — Zacharr, ■. Zachrie 
lellrnan : St. Ja% Clerkcnwll, iv. jg. 
1611. — HellTD, wife of Zachary Bel- 
lan; Ibidp i». 

1 7<i. Married— Jama Bellmao and Ann 
Imneil : Sl Geo. Chap. Majfair, p. 107. 
" ■ ■ '.pie^ d JohnBelman; 
Pariih Ch. n 

trg. of Ul> 

'innton, i ; Ii 


Bellwether.— Nick, 'the bell- 
wether.' 'A veiy early instance of 
the use of this word will be found 
in the custumal of the manor of 
Brithwolton, co. Berks (Camden 
5oc.), where the keeper of the 
wethers was entitled, among; his 
perquisites, to the bc[ wether's lleece 
('' belwerthe resiles "). The date is 
13B4-S.' (J. H. Round in Notes 
and Queries, Feb. 19, 18S7.) 

John Bellewether, 1307. M. 

Si«iJm de Ic (?) Belwelher. MM. 

Balaham, BsUaham. — Local, 
' of Belchamp,' a parish in co. 
Essex, three miles from Clare. 

don), ii. 186. 

Belahaw.— Local, ' of Belshaw' 
or 'Balshaw.' I cannot identify 

' John de Babcharh, for thr aerTltt of 
Rochdale fee, yearly lOf. tlif.,' 1311: 
Balnea' Lane i. 463. 

Johaima BehH^ugh, 1379 ; F. T. 

Agna de Bokhawe, 1379 ; ibid. 
Adam rk Bokhawe, 1370: Ibid. 
1608. John Balihaw, of Snape-within- 
Scariibrick; Wllliat CheMer.i. 10. 
London, s ; Uaocheeter, 4 ; Phila- 

Belaon.— Bapt. 'theson of Bell,' 
i.e. Isabel; v. BeU (t). 
Robert fil. Bele, en. Snif., I 

v."0.f. vol. ii. pi. 11. 
^. Aufjiiitine Bell 

a. OiT. ■. ibid. 
Ilan Bell- 

•on : St. Jat. Ckrkenoell. ii. 37. 

17J4, Hurried-Daniel Congey and 
Msry Belnm : St. Harv Aldamaiy, p. 4& 

London, 3 \ Fhiiadelplila, 4- 



BelatMLd.— Local ,' of B el stead,' 
■ parish in tbe dioc. of Norwich 
and CO. Suffolk. This sumaine ia 
in general lost ia Benatead, q.v. 

Wilrer d« Bclleucilc, co. BocksL w 
Rlw.I, R. 

John de BclKedc, co. SufT., ibid. 

tolindeBcl«ed», co.5aff..ia;). A. 

Robert de BelKcd, co. Snff., ibid. 

LuiidoD, I. 

Baiter. — Occup. 'a bell- 
founder'; V. Billiter. 

'John Bcllrtar, or BrlHT, aKulir 
cbapUiD, *Bp. (or B.A., 30 Mar, 15"': 

Balton.— Local, ' of Helton,' 
jtaiiahes in diocs. of Norwich, 
Lincoln, and Peterborough. The 
Lincoln Beltons have strongly 
ramified in that county. 

.No«f.,iJj7; FF. 

TofOvinpon, CO. 

Snll., iiTJ- A. 
3. Snfl.,if>id. 
V. SbW. ibid 
i: Mairiagc Ljc. 


, Sq. i, »S"- 
•ndAnB Bclllon: 

' "Lai!d^!'6i MDB. (ca Lincola), iS; 
New York, 6. 

Beman.— (i) Occup. 'a bee -man,' 
B * cuslos avium,' (a) Local, a cor- 
ruption of Beaumont; v. Beaman. 
For want of proof in favour of 
(I) it is maniresl that (a) is the 
chief parent The occurrence of 
Beaman in Yorkshire is strongly 

Jolioonea Beman, 1379; P. T. Yorks. 

Atea Btman, 1379 : ibid. p. 157. 

1674. Bapt.— rohn, ton of Richard 
Bnnod : Si. Jai. Clrrkenwrli, i. i6<, 

1703. Harrwd— Thanii Ellwy and 
Amdia BeniBn : 5l. G™. Han. Sq. ii. c^5. 

Bembridgs.— Local, 'ofBem. 
bridge,' a cbapeliy in ihe parish of 
Brading, Isle of Wight. Some- 

times probably a variant of Bain- 
bridge, q.v. llie following entries 
will siiow the tendency to varia- 

Bcmbrlckc : Sl Ui. Clerkcnwell iv. 67. 
i^ll7- — John wmbTi?^ : ibid. p. 133, 
161H. — Jane Boibrid^ ; ibid. p. jjfi. 
These, no doubt, were all related 

toone another. 

Benboir, Bsnbough-— Nick. 

'Bendbiiw,' a complimentary sobri- 
quet for astout archer ; cf. Stiff bow, 
Strongbow, Sharparrow, &c 'Let 
llie archer bend his bow,' — Jer. li. 
3 (Auth. Version). 

Ronr Bcnbow. F. 

WiDiiim Bcndcbrrwe, London. X. 

John Boilbov, luo, CO. York. W. 11, 

Robtrt Bennowr, canlator ERlsiaF 
Chriai: Rce. Univ. Oif. vol. i. p. jgg. 

' Vi«.AdinindJohii Brnbow {56^3-. wii) 

Nnl. Bioe. iv, ao7- 

i<SS- «ichalju Bniboa« and Elii. 
WrlFordcUarTiaer Lie. (London), 1.141- 

1607. Married— Robert Bendbon'e and 
JoiK Bowen : St. Mary AldermaTy, p. 1 1. 

1 6ja-3. — LeonardKnighiandConitancc 
Brnbove : St. Dionia Baclutaarch, p. 11. 

Benoe.— Bapt. ' the son of Ben- 
nett'; V, Benns; cC Evance for 

Benoher, B&nker.-'Offic. 'the 

bencher,' the 'banter.' Very early 
instances of some office in legal 
or exchequer matters, although the 
instances given in the H.£,D. 
belong to Ibe i6th century. 

Roeer de Bench", co. Oif., 1173. A. 

John ]eB;inckerlLaiidon), 1300. M. 

Robert le Banker, tigS. M. 

Pliiladrlphia, o, 5. 

Benedlot. Ben edlotus.— Bapt. 

' the son nf Benedict,' more gener- 
ally Bennet, q.v. One of tbe most 
popular personal names of the sur- 
name epoch, owing its favour ti: 
the Benedictines. Several of ill 
derivatives, fuch as Bennet, Ben 
nett, and Benson, are among tht 
most familiar of English surnames. 

Benedict dr Prnninnoo, co. Cainb., 
11S5: RRR.p.lq, 

BenedidiuWiUcnn, l379:P.T.York(. 

Ben'ediclmColier^ijJg: Ibid. p. 133. 

RcgiiuIdCt. BcM^:c.,co.'HDn1 


dick, CO. Notf. : PF. V. 

Kirby'. Qiies! 

1. 185. 

Beojamln.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Benjamin.' Most of the instances 
in the London Directory are 
modem Jewish, but several, no 

doubt, represent a period when 
Benjamin, like Josepti, was not 
unpopular in England. 


Robert Benjamin, co. bedf,, ibid. 

1891. "nic wife 0( S. S, Benjamin, 
preniatarely,ofaaon'i Dally Telegraph, 

London, 3J. 

Benn. — Bapt. 'the son of Ben- 
net,' i.e. Benedict, from the nick. 
Benn; ithasnothingtodo with Ben- 
jamin. Benn is a familiar sunume 
wherever the Benedictine monks 
had a convent. Fumesa Abbey, 
founded in the lath century, has 
made Benn and Benson (q.v.) a 
common surnaoie in Fumess and 
south Cumberland. 

Bborard Benin, en TJ™f ,■,■,, A 

Robert BeniK, « 

Ricardu ficniM, 


P. T. Yorki. 

Beniie, 1373: itrid. p- 


Ibe ApDMIe 
1663. 't'enipeB Milner and Rebecca 



Ceo. Han 
t-ondon, 3; MDB. (CO. 
Philadelphfa, 10. 

Bennet, Bennett.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Bennet,' i.e. Benedict, q.v. 
Bennet Was the usual English form. 
While Furneas Abbey was admin- 
istrated under the Benedictine 
Order, Bennet was one of the 
commonest of baptismal names in 
the surrounding district (v. Benn). 
West, in his HisL of Fumess (pp. 
iSe, 60, 39), records, antongst the 
benefactora of the Abbey and 
Conishead Priory, ' Benet, son of 
Alan,' 'Benet Penington' (1390). 
'Benet de Rotington' (1956), and 
'Benet, son of William' (1956). 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


These were all living in the imme- 
diate ndghboiirhoDd of the Abbey. 
Indeediit will be fouod that Bennel 
and Benson are slill common sur- 
names in districts where the Bene- 
dictines have had foundations. 
Benedict, or Benett dc HukotDn, to. 

c««h., tin. ■ 

NichalaiBri , _ 
Rarlnald H Boicyi, 

o. Cunb^ iUd. 


■, IJ79. P. T. 

The feminine Benedicta was 
also (kmiliarly Bennet. 

and Bcnnr 

Aaniage Lie (Ldn. 
John, •. ThomM Bennai ; Cierktnb..., 

LondiM, 8, iSj ; Nfw York, ig. 134. 

Bennia, BenDf.— Bapt. ' the 
son of Bennet,' i.e. Benedict, from 
the nick. Benn, colloquially Benny 
or Bennie. As a surname very 
rare; v. Benn and Benson. 


IJ70. Arthur Leirhi- and Juniui 
Bcnney : Msrria([e Lie. (London), i. Jn. 

1681, Buried — P»wr Bchht ! Si. 
Uionb Bickdianh. p. 147. 

LondaD. I, o i BoKon (U.S.), 1, a. 

Bennlng.— Bapt. ' the son ol 
Benning't cT. Harding, Browning, 
&c. Among our place-names we 
have Bennington, Benningbrough, 
and Benaingholme. 

Jacob B*yi>yn, co. Somj,, i Edw. Ill : 
Kfrliy'i Quwt, p. jjj. 

Jo6n Bcyiiyn, ™. Somi., 1 Ed*. Illi A. 
Tonld Bcninx, «. H-W.. OAS. 
i6Sq. CeoreE B«inin|r ud Sarah 
Nolton ! UaifUEC Alleg. (CinlcriwTy), 

— tiaac Cardel Pndrid Dor]Fnal> 
Baling: ibid. 

London, 4 ; Philadclplila, 3. 

Bennliigtoii.— Local, 'of Ben- 
nington,' two parishes in co. Line, 
one near Boston, the other seven 
miles from Granlham, 

Alan de BoiinTlon, CO. Unc, HcD. III- 
EAr. L K. " ^ 

Ralph d« Benineton, co. Line, ibid. 

Alkede Bennington, CO. Line, 1173. A. 

Actiq dc Benninffton, co. Line, iud 

166S. MimiHl-Robert HaniieU and 

Margarell Boiington : St, J«. Clcrken- 

iL.andoi], 3 ; PhiEadelphia, 1. 
BennloD. — Bapt. ; Welsh Ap- 
Enion; v. Benyon. 

4 Bynion, or Benyon, or 
Benion, or Byimlon, CO. Bucks 1 Reg. 
UnlT. 0.f. voirS. pi. ii. pp, go, 106. 

MarHed^Thomaa Benyon and 
i68t. Roti«t Rrdcr and Ann Benion : 
Mirruge Atteg. (Canlerimry), p. 4. 

LiveiiXKil, <; Uanchoter, a: New 
York, i."^' 

BodhIbod.— Bapt 'the son of 
Bennet,' ie. Benedict; v. Bennet. 
This surname in south Lancashire 
lir^tBennetson, but naturally ' 

settled down into Bennison. 

Reginald Benne(»n, of Wemelh, co. 
Lane., 1S73: Will.atcl,«er{i54s-i6»), 

Richard BeanetHn, o{ Rnmlley, 159a : 

Edward Bennetion, oT Slockpon, 161T ; 
ibid. ' *^ 

Later on this form disappears. 

and Bennison takes its plac 

John Benniaon, oC DnckrnGe 

Will, at Che«er 11660-80), p. ?■ 

Karr Benninn, of Gorton, if 

Jonathan Benniion, of Thomhi 

r630. 1 

ined — Elten Bennii 


; ibid. 

Thus Bennison is not an ex ten- 
on of Benson, although the ulti- 
mate origin is the same, but an 
abbreviation of Bennetson. 
Maacli«tcr,4; BoMon (U.S.), 6. 

Benna, Benoe. Benve.— Bapt. 

' the son of Bennet," from the nick. 
Benn ; v. Benson and Benn. The 
patronymic Bens became Bence ; 
cf.Ellice forEllis,Evance for Evans. 
And as legards the patronymic s, 
cf. Jones, Williams, Richards, &c. 

John Bennea,ofIpaw]ch,rrctor ofBo^T- 
thorp, CO. Norf., tlio: FF. ii. tflj. 

1644. Bant. — BMuhelh, d. Robert 
BencE : SLThomaa the ApoMle (London), 

"^^n Benae and Elii. de la Hay. 1663 : 
1671: ibid. p. 191. 

UDB. (eo. NiiKolkV 

i,a o; UDB. (• 

Benson.— Bapt. ' the son of 
Bennet,' i.e. Benedict, from the 
nicic Ben or Benn. This great 
Benedictine name has made its 
mark on the modem directory in 
several surnames, but after Bennet, 
Benson occupies the first place. 

Germanni Benaon, 1379 : P. T. Yorki. 

Thomaa Benaon, rector of Honvhton. 
CO. Norf., HS9; FF. yi. 133. 

■,■,70. Bapt.— William, a. John Benaon: 
St. Anlholin (Londoni p. » 

1611. — Uary, d, Peter BenaOn: St. 
Michael, ComliFll. p. 109. 

1617. Harried — Geonre Slokn and 
Aniea Benaon : St. laa. Clerkenttell^ i.L 44. 

l.ondon,ig: UUa<W«tRld.YarluI 
10; Uanclislcr, 10; Philadelphia, 74. 

BenstewL— Local, 'of Bin- 
stead' or 'Binsted,' parishes to 
COS. Sussex and Hants. 

John de Benatede, co. NofT., ao Edw. 
Ill : FF. vii, 188. 

Maud de BenMed, ce. Norf., 13 Bdw. 
Ill : ibid. p. eoi. 

William^ Benlenede, co. Kent, Hen. 
Itl-Edw, 1. K. 

1574-5. Gnvory Benatede, co. Hania: 
Rrg. Univ. Oif. vol. Ii. pt. ii, ^ 61. 

1606. Married — Rohen Foaier and 
Mary Bengtead: St. Jaa, Clerkenwel], 

17B6. —Richard Didham and Franrea 
Benated: Sl Gee. Han. Sq. il 394- 

.787. - William Nnraey and Blii. 
Benated : iUd. p 401. 

London, 3 ; Boalon (U.S.), I ; PhUa. 

Bent, Ben t«.— Local, 'at the 
Bend' or 'Bent,' from residence 
thereby. Probably the bend in a 
river, or valley, or hillside. 

Rcjiett de la Bende, co, Salop, Hen. 

tll-Edw. I 

. Nichalaa Bent, o 



: Reg. 

^.jo6. ^ 

and Mary 

OliTcr: Sl.Gni.Han .^ _. 

London, 10, o; New Vork, 10, 3. 

BanthalL- Local, 'of Bent ha)),' 
a parish in co. Salop, near Much 

i6in. Laarence Benlhall, co. Salop: 
Rer. Univ. 0>f. Yor. iL pi ii. p. 314. 

Aji. Bnried-A male child of Waller 
Benlhall : St. Dionii Baekchnrch. p. i6n. 

1733. Married— ThoRiaa Benthall and 
laabrlla Smatley : Si. Ceo. Clhap. Uaylair, 

London, t; BoirtOB U.S.); 1. 

, Google 


BenUuun.— Local, ' of Ben- 
thwn,' H parish in West Rid. Yorlts, 
twelve miles Troni Settle. Most of 
Che BenAama in the DicL Nat. 
Biog. are referred back to a York, 
sbire parentage. 

lohuHKi de Bcnthim, 1379: P. T. 
York!i. p. 280. 

Hicvdiu<k Bnlham, i}7gi ibid. 

Thomai de BcnthuD, 1379: ibid. 

All three were iohabitanta of 

1576. Baripd'Mii^aret, doorhter of 
Sir Edwarde BenUiiw : St. Dion^ Back. 

1758. Ijar^ed-UiKhew Bentham and 
Hnnnali Taric * " " ' ' ' 

BoMoa (U'.S,), 

Bentler.— Local, 'of Bentley, 
parishes in cos. SufTolk, Hants, 
Warwick, Derby, and Essei ; ali 
many small hamlets ia varioi 
counties. Id general the sumsn 
is literally Benet-legh, i.e. ' the field 
of Benedict,' the first occupier 

Wililim de Bwt%| 

■; WalRidirgO)urlDir.,3; 

e BeiKtli^, CO. Salop 

Alida de Benlettj, 1379 ■ t. T. Yotka. 

fedUnl dc BcnCelcy, co. Yort loEdw. 
' R. 

-Villbm dt 

P. T. Yorki. p. 104. 

i.^So. Edwaid BnitLcy, co. Want. : 
Res;. L'nir. Oir. vol. ii. pi. <l. p. 91. 

1786, Mamrd-John oiler and Abigail 
Benllry ; Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 385. 

London. lO; Wat RldiDE Conn Dir.. 
14; Ne^Yorlms. 

BenwelL— Local, ' of Benwell,' 
■ township in the pariahof St John, 
Newcastle-on-Ty n e. 

IS43'4- Waller Btnwell and Johaixia 
Bamei : Marriage Lie (Facnlly Office), 

'^■753' Uarried-Tlwniai Bennrll and 
Uargaiel Aliop: St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair, 

London, 9 ; ] 


Benyon, Binyon, Pinnion, 
Plnyon.— BapL Ap-Eignion, or 
Eignon, or Enion, i.e. 'the son of 
Eignion,'&c. A once popular name 
in the Principality. St. Einiawn 
waa one of the eoi^y sainis of the 

Cymry, after whom is named a 
spring at Llanvareth, in Radnor- 
shire (Yonge, ii. 161) ; v. Eynon 
and Baynham, and cf. Bevan for 
Ap-Evan, Bowen for Ap-Owen. 

Inane Howell ap Elgnion : Vi^t. GioDC. 
p. i8«. 

RhHc ap Eirnon : ibid. p. 11. 

EimianGl. KEiiewrec, Pipe 

Daridap Eynon, 131J. U. 

HeredilAap Ev^on, lui, ibid. 

Rwridi ibBynon, 13 fedw. t. BBB. 

1630-1. Uarried— Geonie Benyon and 
Alice Weate: St. Dioni(Badidnr->- 

1665. Bopt.— Robert, a. of TJioiiuu 

r,^ Mary Aldermary, p. 101, 

Preachen, Flnibory Pai 

Byneyon ; Si. Mary i 

Chapel— Rev. T. Enyon Daviei, 6.30'; 
PallUa II Gaaeiie, Saiardav, Imm 1 1 , 1B87. 

London, i, 1, 1, 1 j UDB. (Denbifh^ 
Brnnion, 1 ; (Flint) Benyon, 1 : Bouon 
(U.S.), 1, o.'o, a '^ 

Bereeford.— Local, 'of Beres. 
ford,' a manor and township in 
Astonfield, co. Staflbrd, possessed 
by the ancestors of the several 
noble families of this name (Lower, 
Patr. Brit. p. a6). 

^^Illiam de Borttforde, co. Som>., I 
Bdw. Ill : Kirby'i Qaai, p. 133. 

Wlliam de Bemford, c& Camb., 

1611. Michncl Bereafoid, CO. Hertij 
Rcjt. Uniu. Oif, vol. ii. pt. fi. p. 3J7. 

1647. Chritlophcr BeTrdord and Hary 
Morgan : Marriage Lie (Faculty Office), 

London, S; Philadelphia, 3. 

Bergsr, Beroher.— Occup. ' a 

shepherd'; Fr, ^f;«r. 'Bercariaor 
Berceria (Old Law), a sheep-pen, 
or sheep-fotd ' (Bailey's Diet. 174a). 
' Bergeret, a pastoral song' 
(Chaucer). A slatnte, 37 Edw. 
lll,c. 14 (1363), speaks of ' bovers, 
vachers, berchera, porchers, &c.' 
(v. full quotation under ' Day'). 

Henry k Bercher, Clote RoIL 45 
Hen. Ifi. 

Richard le Bercher, 

1C, m EOk. 

III : Kiihy'B Queil, p. 148. 

17.S3. Married—John Paul Bererr and 
Belly Billington : Si. Geo. Chap. Hayfaii, 
p. 136. 

London, ij,o: Crockford, 1, o : Botton 

Berghman ; v. Berryman. 

Berkeley ; v. Barclay, 

Bernard, BemKnlln.— Bapt. 
'the son of Bernard,' dim. Ber- 
nard-in ; v, Barnard. 

WBlterfil.Bemardi,iii4. RRR.p.i5(L 

Willianfil. Bernard,, A. A. "■ "^ 

Bernard CJironator, ibid. 

1581. Abel Bemarde, co. Orf.! Reg. 
Univ. Oif. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 106. 

IS95. Benumin Bernarde or Bamarde, 
of London. ic»d. p. iick 

'7S3- Married— Franeli Bernard and 
SBraK Bleamire; St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair, 

Lmidon, jo^ 1 ; New York, 36, a 

Bemer.BuRier.— Occup. 'the 
Bemer' (cf.Ventrer), one who had 
charge of fresh relays of dogs in 
hunting, a huntsman, O.F. brtnirr, 
brmitr, berner; Godefroy, i. 737 
A). Note, and gueriea,p.37o, 1885). 
Special mention of the ' bemer ' is 
made ia a hunting record, 5 Hen. 
Ill (Rot. Litt. Claus. i. 463; N. and 
Q. above). The ' yeoman-berner ' 
is mentioned in the Parliamentary 

Richard k Benier, co. Line, ao Edw. 
I. R. 

Geoffrey Bemer, co. Bncka 1171. 
Ranald le Bimer, co. Wilta, itud 
Witter k Bemer, eo. Oitf., ibid. 
Hugh- ■■■ — 


joho k Biynner, Patent Roll, to 

For a full account of this word 
and name, v. H.E.D. 
Philadelpliia, 10, 1. 

Bemey, Biirney. — Local, < of 
Bemey,' a town in the hundred of 
North Greenhow, co, NorC 

Henry de Ba-ncy, co. NorC., tifiS: FF. 

Adam de Beraey, co. Norf-, IJ Edw. I : 
Bemey, co. Norf., 48 

Roger Bamey. vicar' of Holm4iy-die- 
So. CO. Norf., 1451 ' ibid. 1. 134. 
i.^oi. Henry Barney, ca Morf. : Ree. 

v„W. o«f. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 184. 

17.^9. Married — Rirlianl Tofi and 
Eilenor Bemey ; St, Geo. Han. Sq. L H3. 

1607. BapL— Ann, d. John BBraey; St. 
Michael. Comhill.p. ijS. 

London, o,.^: Crockford, 1,6: MDB. 
(Norfolk), 3, o. 

Berrall, BerrUL— Local, 'of 
Burghill,' a parish in co. Hereford, 
four miles from Hereford. This 
probably is also the source of the 
references to cos. Soma, and Devon. 


Of the olbera I c«n aay nothing;, 

because I cxanot identify the spot. 

Robert it Biilialk, co. Line, » Edw. 


111 ; Kirlr ' 


1.73. A- 

Bartinllc, co. Som*., 1 

^siaa., I Edw 

Ttet. Uoiir. Oi(. voL li. pt uj. 30Q. 

Sji. MMTird-ThcHnu Derpin^ and 
MwjBcrrill: Si.Jiu.aoi.rn.e^l.m.63. 

ijii. — Beniaenin BettfII and Agna 
Hill: St. Ga>. Chap. Marfalr, p. 16. 

X^don,i,3i New York, !, i. 

Barrett— Bapt. ; v. Barrat. 

Berrler. — Occup. 'the benicr,' 
i.e. the thresher, 
thrasher, North.' ' Berry, to thrash 
corn, North.' (HalUwell.) 

'ill Dlewin«i. i berTTcr. and j hird.' 

jahiDMi Wachcr. iiriir, 1379 - P- T. 
HowdHuhin.p. 30. 

JohaniiB Beryar, fSiBorw, 1379^ "■'"■ 
'' ibid. 

David B«ycr, 1379 • P- T- YoiVi. p. 196. 

InliaiiiiEi Btiia. IJM : ibid.P. ajj. 

BerTinger, BereogOT. Bor- 
rlnger.— Bapt. ' the aon of Beren- 

B«r«iEet Glfard ; Domnday. 

Berenert de Todmi, ibid. 

Reinini C BmentaHi, Pipe Roll, 
5 Hm. II. ^. ^ „ 

B«enEariBi fil. Cwraae- C 

Barengaria wa« a fenv fomi 
familiarto English history. Freaih, 
B^ranirer ; Germ. Bcrangar ; 
Span, Berenger <YoQge, iL 375). 

BmnEcr h Moine, co. Northampt., 

"ifebert Bsrineer, co. Comb.. iWd. _ 

William Brnnga, Co. Somi.. ■ Edw. 
Ill: KirbVi Qot»t, p. 1B6. 

Berry-— Local, 'at the Bury,' 
i.e. boTOUKh ; v. Bury, Burrows, 
Burroughes, Ac. 

1313. John Beiy, or Bnrj: Rej. Unir. 
oif. t »(. 

.S7J-6. HrnfyBcrrte, co. K«.t; .bid. 

ifeo. jBina Bntit of Ihe Her, pariih 
•fW^: WilKatClKalET, I iS. 


The Yoriiahire folk have 
propensity forquaiiitaadhi 
baptismal names. Father and son 
are thus described in the West 
Riding Directory (Stainland) : John 
Berry, shopkeeper; Young John 
Berry, dogger. Young John was 
'ic son's fontol name. 
London, 85; Philadelphia, 13a 

Berrymaii, Berrlman, Bor- 
rowman, Berghmftn.— (i) Oc- 
cup. 'the buryman,' i.e. borough- 
man, B man dwelling within the 
borough; v. Berry, (a) Possibly 
official from the bearer of the name 
ccupying some position akin to 
borough- reeve. As a rule a West- 

Berty Flocbar, co. Nnnbnnib., 1541.. 

TTT. p. lit. 

Compare this also with Bertyn 
Flecchar, above recorded, same 

1578-9. WlUiam Dade and Lac? Bertiei 
MaiTwge Lit (London), i. 86. 

1691. I«ie Uqpi* and Ann Bntin! 
HaiTlan Allcg- (Cantritorjr p. 105. 

LondSm, 5, o ; New York, >, i. 

BertTftm, BertrftUd,— Bapt. 
the son of Bertram ' ; v. Bartram 
and Benin. 

RichaidBennuOiCo, NortbBinb., 1168: 
KKK. vi. i.i - , Salop, "73- A- 
Bcrtnunu de Venlnn, 7 Hen. II : P^ 

Ricar'du Baitrem, 1379: P.T.York*. 

II(":'kirtiy'i^^'p. tij- ' „^ 

WiilBm Bntyioan, co. Sonu., 1 Bdw. 

Ill; ibid. p. 96. 
H87-B. Snmuel Bfriman, or Beninjan, 

co.'GIooc. : RtJ. L'niv. 0.f. voL ii. pi. ii. 

' 1615. Hogh Birriman, or Bminian, 00. 

1733. MrJohnBcnyman^St Aniholln 

^^&L™3-Tohn Shaw and Eli». 
Belgian : St. G™. Han. So. i. .43. 

1784. — Ceraid Maley and Elii. Beiry- 
~— ■ *id.J>. 367. 

Georee Richarda and MarEBra 

V. Birk- 

Fhiladelphia, 1,^ 4, ' 
Bertstuluw. — Local ; 

Bertlii, Bertie.— Bapt. 
sonofBertin.' St. Bertin of France 
made the font-name f^inillar fnthaf 
counliy, and as a French sun 
it occurs in the Lon.Dir. We 
ascribe the English surname to the 
same source, allhough there 
strong evidence in favour 
being a pet form of Bertram, 
Bert, dim. Bert-ia. The early 
Bertie was evidently ■ populi 
form of Benin. 

Bertin de BotdiII, C. R. Hen. lit. 

1541. Bfilyn Flecchar, Bnry, Lane 
Rpc. Soc. Lane, and Cbca. vol. nil p. 14 

Bmon Venalor, co. Glaot, un. A 

Banin de Vrrdnn, 14J1 : Haiorii 
Dnnelin«nsi5(Sun. 5oc.),j). In. 

BennmdeBurgo,™. Slaff 1373. ' 

Benin dr Bnrgo, co. Salop, ibid. 

Bertram and Bertin are probably 
one and the same individual. 

I. Married— BeajaminBenrunOBd 

JohanitM Banmo : ibid. 

iTii. Married— Beojamin. 

anIiHilla: St. Geo.lIan. - -.. 

London, 1, 6; Philadelphia, 10, o; 

■ew York, .3, I.. 
Berwick.— Loc»], ' of Berwick- 
„n-Tweed.' But v, Barwick, and 
cf. Derby and Duty, or Cerke and 
Clarke, or Perkins and Parkins. 

Williani de Berwvk, attUi; iS Edw. 

[: Freemen of York, 1.11- „ _ 

Johunei dt Berwyk', 1379- P- ~- 

^°fl!i6.'^^d«el Berwicke, co. Kotl.: 
Reg. UniT. Oif. vol il. »- ••■ P- JS^ 

iSii. Samoel Buwkke, co. NotU: 
""■\?^_:.. ,„..Tl,l«„nnndAnn 


- Williani Seaddan ami 

V BM*nt, Bes»r*,'^eMftnt, 

' Bea*airt,-3»raiit, Bjaaji^^ 

Bayaand.- Lbcal.'ofByi ■ ^e- 

(T). 'Tooonehegavefyvef„,^^„ 
or beiauntis,' 138a,^g ^ 
XXV. 15); V. H.E.D. for va y^^j^ 
instances. 'A bisaunt, bezant, .r^ 
bizantine was an old coin both in 
gold and silver, and so called from 
having been minted at Byiantium. 
The silver bezant passed current 
for 91. or thereabouts' i Pipe Rolls, 
vol. iii, p. 74: Pipe Ro" Soc.), 
As almost every other coin has its 
representative in our nomenclature 
so may this. More probably, how- 
ever, like Turk and Saracen, il is 
local, denoting an immigrant from 


Robert Bettnl, ihenS of Loadoi 
174B. MBiiHcd— John BMUnt w 

irM. Married — Robnt Bcnnt and 
Sinh Mieri: Si. Geo. Han. So. i. 170. 

London, l t, i, 1. i. 1, o ; MDB. (co. 
Gloiic) Ba^und, 1 ; New York,], o, 1,0, 

Beat, Bwt«. — Nick. ■ tbc 
beaat,' probably not in on uncom- 
plimentary sense ; cf. btasi in the 
Authorized Version orthe Bible, es- 
pecially in tlie Book of the Revela- 
tion ; d. Bull, Slott, Bullock, &c 
M.!:. btsti or btsi. 

' Nevtlter man nc bnt.' 

Chancer, C.T. 1978. 

Richard le Bate, ro. Cainb., iin. A. 

WllKam Bat, co. Bdc1« ibid. 

Walter Bat, co. OiT, ibid. 

Thomat Bnt, 1379 : P. T. Yark>.B. 300 

Aeiih Be«, 1379 : ibid, p. icg. 

Robert Brut, or B«t, ■heriS' oT ttor- 
wich, 1451: FF. ill. igi. 

i»>. Married-Matthew Tophsm and 
Hannah BcM: St. Gro. Han. Sq. i. to. 

London, 10, o; W«t Riding Coort 
Dir., 11, o;iniilaM^bi,34, I. 

Beawlok.— (i) Local, ' of Bc9- 
wick.' Lately a small hamlet, one 
mile and a hair from Manchester, 
now asuburbofthatcity. (a) Local, 
'of Beswick,' a townihip In the 
parish of Kiln wick. East Rid. 
Yorks. The many Beswicks of 
Lancashire undoubtedly hail from 

Bethan'* apprentice: St Jaa. Cierken- 

iMj. Anricd— UaTrBethani: iblH.p,]Ai. 
16b. MniriFd-;; Jacob Betham and 

London, 1 i Ftiiladelphia, 5. 

Bethell, BlthoU, BotheL— 
Bapt. ; Welsh, Ap-Ithell. 'the son of 
Itheil'; cf. Sevan, Bloyd, &c 
Lewlyn ap Ithet, 1305, M ; Evan 
ap IthelL Z ; Jevan ap Ithell. Z ; 
Ann Ithell. HH ; Itbell Wynn. 
' ' r. Bethell ia still a consider- 
sut^ame in the Principality. 
John Bithell is found aini>ng the 
List of Freemen in Chester, 1747. 

Stephen Bethel, CO. Somi., 1 Bdw. Ill: 


. Thomas If^ wilt, of Hanche;i(s 
*' 1j7;Will«alChe»tertiS4S-l6M 

1(91. Robert Beiwyche and Rathrrine 
Pnrkyni: MairiaEC Lie. (London), i. loj. 

Mancbotcr, 15 ; Loadon, 3 ; Fliila. 
dclpbia, 9. 

Bettaam.— Local, 'ofBeetham,' 
a parish in co. Westm., near Bur- 
ton'in- Kendal. 

Richard de Betham, co. Norf., K> Bd*. 
I. R. 

Iigg. Bihnird Belhom, of Ki 
Lane Willial Richmond, i. ;t. 

1619. Robert Betham ; ihiiL 

i6j9. Buried— Thonui Kemton,Thaaiu 


BeUtnne, Baaton, Betton.— 
Local, 'of Bethune,' inArtois. Of 
course Beaton has a baptismal 
origin also ; v. Beaton. But the 
Scotch Beatons, of whom came 
great cardinal, are probably 
Bethunes. The Testa de Neville 
>ns the 'Advocatus de Bc' 
alias ' Belun,' alias ' Beton ' 
(PP- 3". 3^ "19)- 
Baldcwj-D de Bretooia, co. Norf., 

InvefaD de Betovne, London, ibid. 

I, H«i. 

in de Beton, aliaa Betun, I 
_ e^Belon 

tll-Edw. 1. K. 

Ingeram de Betun, co. Bcdf, ibi< 
Williiun de BetoDia, London, k 

Liaience de Beton, London, 10 

Ij6S- Munied- JoieohBetlonandJan 
Raynor : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. i.* 

1760. — Francia Beaton and Elrano 
Prale: Ibid. p. iS.v 

London, □, S, 1 ; Cracklord, 1, o, I 
Boatoa (U.S.), 3, 4, 1. 

Bettln.Bettlnaotl.— BapL'the 
son of Beatrice,' from the nick. 
Bete, dim. Beton; v. Beaton. 

Johanna Bdonain, 1579 : P. T. Yorka. 

'^ielmni toornon, 1379 ! ibid p. 233. 
■543- Married -^ John BnTwer and 
Uiiabeih fiillinMm: St. Peter. Comhill, 

t-flt. Bapt. — Davir, ton of Edward 

Iclli'ne : St. Uarj Alrlermarv, P. 60. 

1661. — Ann, d. Richard Beteonn: 
LjuClcrkcnweli, I. III. 

T779. Manied— durla Whitlin£ nnd 
lary Betinaon : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 1. 301. 

London,o, j; KewYmk, 

Betto, BottaoD, 
Bett, Bataon.— BapL ' the si 
Beatrice,' from the nick. Bete or 
Bet ; V. Beaton and Beatson. No 
L with Elizabeth. Both 
the nick, and the dim. occor to- 
gether in Pien Howman : 
' And bade Betle cut ■ boneh. 
AndbeatBetonn therewith'.' PanV. 
Betina Browne, 1379 : P.T.Yoiki. p. 1 19. 

£ihannca Betnon, 1379 ; ibid. p. 19. 
ilbeitniBet, 1,79! ihid.p.447 
William Bett;o;.,?o. Yor£ ^. .. 
1581. Franca Betlea, co. Kania; Rer. 
Univ. Oif, vol. LL pi, ii, p. log. ' 

imo. John Beta, co. Kent, ibid. p. 176. 
1696. Buried-Bctaon ; St. HalyAlder- 

174)1. Uanied—'niomai Belt and Satah 
Fnmley : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. jl. 
1770. — Stephen Smith and Ann Belta: 

London. ,17, 1, o, o, o; Leedi, i, o, 1, 
0,0; Sheffield, 1,0, 0,0,0; Hiiladdphia, 

Batty, BattToa, Bettloa.— 
Bapt. 'the son of Beatrice,' from 
the nick. Bet or Bett, and pet 
Bettie; cf. Charley or Teddie. 
No ooD&uion with Elizabeth ; v. 

Thomaa Betliann. FF. 

1549. Bapt,— Tnmaon (Thomadnr), d. 
John Bettir ; Rrjr. Sl Columb Uaior, p. 5. 

169a WiJlUm Beuia nnd Catherine 
Grova: HairiaEe AHeg, (CanleibarrX 

"^iW Bnried-Kalheriiie BellT>: Can- 
terbory Catli., p. 30 

174/ Manied - Rlchaol Betty and 
Hannah Cnrtia : St. Geo. Chap. Hayfair, 

London, 3, 3, 1 1 Philadelphia, 1, o, o. 

Bevau, Bevamd, Bev&na, 
BevaiiB, BerllU.— Bapt. 'Ab- 
i Evan' ('the son of Evan ') - Bevan 
CWeUb). The d in Bevand Is 
excrescent, as in Simmon ds. 

Rji ap Madoc ap Tndir ap Hoet ap 
Evan : Vint. London, 1633, i. ]». 
Howel ap-Evan, c, 1300. H; Eyg- 
neun ap Yevan. D. John and 





Richard Bevind are contained in 
the List of Freemen in Chester, 
1747. Bevans ia a double patro-' 
nymic, part English, part Welsh - 
ab-£van-a : v. Bcddoes. 

Thomm Bcnru, prrbmdaiv of Si. 

irfg. Mumed— Rychaide Berande and 
Ann Knnpr ; St. Hlchul, Comhill, p. 10 
(rlKwKcn in nine renitcrBc 

1748. — John B«TnTi.m >ni 
Beran : Si. Gro. Chap. Uaffair, p. 

17U. — Thotnaa Bevani and 
Finncr : ibW, p. rf7- 

!-«>*». >4i o. I. o, a 
J?. *>, '6, 4, 3- 

Berar; v. Beaver. 

BeT«nridg«, BeTerag«.~ BapL 
' the son of Beverache.' Like Ald> 
ridge (from personal name Aid- 
rich), Beveridge has a distinctly 
local look about it. But the in- 
stances below make the question 
very doubtfuL If ■ nick., v. Bever- 
age (H.ED.). ProbaUy a personal 


HnrtBerenKh, CO. Camb., liTi. j 
RaTph Bcvtiacbe, eo. Camb., ibid. 
Ajniei Bevmach^ co. Camb., ibid. 
Walter Bnenier. co. Line, ibid. 
ThonaiBHrnCF.oi.yr''' "•■■• 
Ralph BcDcnf r, C. R.. i 

Bnetctl and jjuuma BEKridge, by 
Biahop of London : 1. K^ 

— Frincb Bemrdp, to. I>rb)r : 
Rm. Uni*. Oaf. vol. H. pi. <i. p. 111. 

London, 5, o ; N» York, 3, 1 ; Fhila. 

Bererlfty, Bevvrly.— Local, 
' of Beverley,' a town in the East 
Riding oTYorkahire. 

John dc Benrkr, co. Northombcrland, 
laJS- A. 

AdaDideBevrrle,Ai»rfA«rfl.e. bowvcrl 
4Bdw. m FrCTinenofYork, L14. ' ^ 

ISfii'S- Jan« BrverW, of Hrn%y. CO. 
Orf, Urgtman : Rej. tniv. 0.f. vol. ii. 

'"ifi^Z' jiilfn BcmW (eo. Hnnlri and 
Anne Dancombc : Mairlate Altc^. (Can- 
liwborv), p. Jj6. 

IJjS. Manird— Junes Bneriej and 
Maij Daiw : St. (ieo. Han. So. 1. 104. 

London. G, 3 ; Boaon (U.S.^a 6. 

Berington, Bavin gton.— Lo- 
cal, 'of Bavtngton.' Great and 
Little Bavington are townships 
in the parish of Bellingham, 

>S8}- John Beavinton, or Berinlon. 

■J^. Riclisnl Bsvn^lMi and Johoaa 

Harco oft e : Harriage Lie (London), 

161;. Richard Bcrinfilait and Mary 
Griffin : ibiiL iL 13^ 

London, 10, a; Iliiladelphia. o, 7. 

Bewick, Bewloke. — Local, 'of 
Bewick.' Old and New Bewick. 
places in co. Northumberland. A 
surname still familiar on the Eng- 
lish border. Tfaomas Bewick, the 
wood engraver, was bom in the 
parish of Ovingham in Northumber- 

WilUan dr Bwyk, co. Willi. 1171. A. 

Robert de Be«yk. co. York, ibid.' 

Jnlian Bevyk. co. Line, ibid 

i6ai-i. Edward Hunt and Sotah 
BcA ick ; Marriage Lie. (London), i. 375 

■ 781. HarTW — Hkhiuii Bond and 
Matgant Bewicke: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

Bawaher ; v. Bowsher. 

Beyar.— Occup.'thel>eyer' (J), 
Perhaps a 'buyer,' one who pur- 
chased for the household. One 
instance in the London Directory, 
at least, is foreign. 

John le Beyeie, cd. Hertf., 30 Edw. 

'SinjonleBeier eo,CIonc-,.J73. A. 
1700. WiJIiam B^yer inri ^Jii. Wolfe: 
Mairiigc Lie. (Farullv OtEcc). p. 3]0. 
Londoa, 3 ; Fhiladelptaia, 31. 

Beynos , BayD on, — Bapt . ' Ab- 

Eoion'iWelsh, 'thesonofEnion.' 
One of many existing fonns; v. 
Baynham, Bcnnion, and Benyon. 
Two of the four clergymen in 
Crockford hold Welsh livings. 
En ion seems 10 have been the 
William or John of the Prindpalily 
in the surname period. 

John Beynon, np. fnr RC-L., Jnne 13, 
isu; ; Reg. Lniv. Oif. p. .(4- 

1738. Bapt.-Thoma*. wn of Thomaa 
Beynon : St. Jai. ClerlwnKLfll, ii. 341. 

CrockfoH. 4. o ; London, ^ o ; Liver- 
pool. >. 1; MDB, (CD. Glsmorimn), 8, ti : 
(CO. CaimiutheiiX q. o; Philadelphia, 1, 1, 

Blbby, Bibboy, Blbbyo.— 
Bapt. 'the son of Bibby,' i.e. Isa- 
bella. There can be little doubt 
about this derivation. Bibby is a 
YoA and Lancaster surname, 
where Isabel was a prime favourite 
in the surname period. As Aggy 
(Agnes) became Taggy, so Ibby 
became Bibby. It seems clear that 
Bibby Id Lancashire and Yorkshire 
with the Leices- 

tershire Beebys (v. Beebe^, al- 
though some of the Beebys may 
now be represented by Bibby in 
the south of England. 
Henri™, bibbe, 1397; P. T. York.. 

'WilielmniBibhr. 1370: il^d. p. <7. 
RichnrdlcfiiBilby, C. R., i7E<Jw. I. 
IJ95. Thomiui Bybie, co. E»u : Rfg. 

1507; Will»»tCljeauTii54s-i63o),p.iH. 
l^omM Bibbie, of t^mbeiicin, co. 

and Elii. Fooley : 

1603. Baried— Snian, d. AdRm Btbyc; 
Si. Mary Atdermary. p. ijo. 
— — Adam Biby, ibid. 
Uanchmer. 0.0.0: London, 4, r, 1 ; 

UUB.iWeM Riding', 1,0,01 PhiladelpU. 

Blck.— Bapt. ' the son of Bike.' 
The surname is a curious one, but 
it swms beyond dispute to have 
been a personal or baptismal name 
at the first. Amongst the New 
York Bicks is found 'Gustav Bick.' 
I find a dim. Bikelot in A. 1073. 
In place-names we find Uickford, 
Bicham, Bicknor,and Bickley,q.v.. 
seemingly representing the per- 
sonal name of the first settler. 

Richard Bikelol, CO. HuntL T171. A. 

Bike (withont HimameV co. Euci, ibiiL 

Waller Bike, co, Camb., ibid. 

Bike le Clerk, co. IUki, ibid. 

William Byk, co Soma. 1 Edv. Ill: 
Kirby'i Qaac, p, 107 

Marriage Lie (Lond_..,, .. __. 

1 653.^11 ried—Thomu Bick, servant ID 
Mr. Noakei: Si. Uionii Backdinrch, 

p. 313. 

London, > : New York, g. 

Biokerdike, Blsgadlke.— Lo- 
cal, 'of Bicker-dike.' I cannot find 
the spot. Evidently it means 'the 
dike of Bicker,' Bicker repre- 
senting an early personal name, as 
is proved by such place-names as 
Bickerton (in cos, Chester, York. 
NorthumberUnd), BickerstOR (co. 
Norfolk), Bickering (co. Lincoln^, 
snd BickeTStaffe (co. Lancashire^ 
Probably Lincolnshire is the faomu 
of this surname. 

Henrima Bikerdyk, 1379: P. T. Ynrka. 
'^fsis.JohnBekyrdjke: R^.Vnir.OiC. 

IJB3. Bnried — Mnrgrel Bedterdick: 
St Mary Aldennarv, p. 114. 

i638.frrancii Haraond and Msgdale. 
Bicardike (co. Eb"' " — '"- '- 
(London), 11. 3}«- 

: Uairiage Lie 



. Nicl 

irdik, Noiwidi : 
o; HuTogaU, I, : UDB, 

(CO. Lin^n)'.' 

Blokftrstaff, Blc^erstotb, 
Biokerstaffb. — I-ocal, ' of Bickei^ 
stafle,' ■ village near Ormskirk, 
CO. Lancasbire ; in early records 
apeit Bikerslat and BykyraUth. 
Bicberstetb is found later. 

Ralph Hey, of Bickrnicih, kusiand- 
mum, 1661 : Willi ■< Cheuer (i66o-)to), 

Adam de Bykenta^ CO. Lane., 1389 : 

GilbEndrBykcriiBfl'. I. 

Robert Bickmulh, of Bickcntetb, 

at Cinder t.54s-i6jol,|H9. 

■IT. of fitclieraue, 1600: 

Hngh Bick 

Havralr, p. 109. 

MDB. (CO. Lanc.^ i, c^ 1 ; MancboMr, 
I, o, o; Londin, 2,0,0; Ciwkfotd, 3, 

BickertOD.— Local, 'of Bick- 
erton,' (t) a township in the pariah 
of Halpas,co. Chester; (a)ati>wn- 
ship in the parish of Rothbury, 
CO. Northumberland : (3) a town- 
ship in the parish of Bilton,W,Rid, 
Yorka. There cau be no doubt 
that (3) is the chief parent, and 
then (1). 

York {Siut. S 

e"iJykerion| 1J79 : t- T. 
Wilidmu 'de Biknton, 1379: ibid. 

Uhetler (i5«J-i6joj, p. 19! 
lickenon, o( WtenboTy, 

'^9i.'"Tbomn Bkkerton, co. Chei.: 
Rrg. Univ. Oif. vol. ii, pi. ii. p. loj. 
Condon, 4; Mancbciter, 3; Fhiladd- 

Blcktord ; v. Beckford. 

Bickham.— Local, 'of Bikome.' 
a West-country name (some small 
spot I cannot identify), with the 
; V. Bick and Combe. 

WaltET de 
IUl Kiil.v't< 

Godfrey dc 
111: ibid. p.i„. 

1748. Marhi:d-'n>oinu Bickham an 
Suanna JtKt: St. Ceo. Cbip. Miyfai 

BfoUer, Bickl«lgh.— Local, 
■of Bickleigh,' (i) a parish in co. 
Devon, four miles from Tiverton : 
(a) a parish in the same county, 
seven miles from Plymouth; {3) 'of 
Bickley,' a township in the parish 
of Malpas, Co. Cheater; v, Bick. 

Hmry de Bickl^he, or Bickele, co. 

Rif:hard de BicAleth. co. Devon, Ibid. 
Hnword de Bikele?, co. Sonu., Hen. 
tl-Bdw. I. K. 
Willlani de Bikrlrirh, co. Devon, ibid. 
ijrs. Ralph Blcklle co. Hanti: Reg. 

rarriage Lie (Londonk, 
London. 4.0; MDB. (co. DevoaX 3, i ; 
Fhiladrlphia, " - 

Bapl. ' the son of 
Bickman,' the same as the German 
Beckmann; v. Beckman and Bick. 

SarraBrkeoian,co.CamL, 1373. A. 

Philadelphia, I. 

Blckmora.— Local, 'of Bick- 
niorc.' I cannot find the apol. 

John dc Bykemere, co. Son*., I Edw. 
Ilti Kirby-.Qn«l,p.aji. 

London^ I ; BoitDn (C.S.), 1. 

BioknolL— Local, (1) ' of Bick- 

enhill,' a parish in co. Warwick, 
seven miles from Birmingham ; 
(9) 'of Bickenhall,' otherwise called 
Bicknell, a parish in co. Somerset, 
near Taunton; v. Bignall. 

WiUiaindcBigHiull,co.0.f.,ia73. A. 

John de Bidrnhulle, ». Oif., ibiJ. 

M ilHam Bykenhullr, co. Soma.. I Edw. 
Ill : Kirby'i Qa«i, p. loj. 

John de Bikenhulf co. Soma., i Edw. 
III! ibid. p. 173. 

1607. Marricd-Richntd Bicknell and 
Elii. Baku : St. Dionii BackchDich, p. 46. 

I7>e, —Benjamin Timbrell and Maiy 
Bicknall: ibid; p. 61. 

1751. Bapt.— MaTv, d. of Samnel Bick- 
nell: St Mtcheel.Cornhill, p. 175. 

Biokoer. — Local, 'of Bicknor,' 

parishes in cos. Kent, Gloucester, 
and Hontnouth ; v. Bick. 

{Koninei) de Bykenanre, co. Soma., 

Riiladelphia, i. 

Bidd«U, Biddle; v. Beadle. 

Biddlecombe, Blddlacombe. 
— Local, 'of Bitliscombe,' a ham- 
let in the parish of UplOD, co. 


Somerset, originally Bileliscombe. 
The two present forms of the sur- 
name, seem to be a kind of com- 

Strphrn de Bileleacambe, co. Soma., 

1747. Married- Jonathan Turner and 
Snnnna Biddlecsmbe; St. Geo. dap. 
Mayfair, p. SB. ' 

t75o.-Henry Biddajcomb and Mary 


Biddulph.— Local, ' of Bid- 
dulph,' a parish in Co. Stafford, 
three miles from Congleton. 

inS. Michael Biddolph, co. StatF. : 

leg. Univ. 0»f. vol. ii. pL ;!. p. 1.8. 

iSo^. Waller BiddnlpEi. co. StaK : ibid. 

Bidfood. — Bapt. 'the son of 
Bidgood,' originally Biggegod, one 
of a fairly large class of personal 
names ending in gooii; cf Scatter- 
good. The early form is Biggegod. 

John BiEEtgod, CO. Soma., 1 Edw. Ill: 

1606. ^licholaa ^d^ood and Alice 
Ho^e: Marriage Li<x (WoUnintter), 



Reg. Univ. (&f. .... 
■798. Manied-Ji 
_Jcn adf-"" ■ =- ' 

Blgg> BiBffB.— Nick, 'the big," 
one of large, bulky proportions ; 
cf. Little, Long, Short, Sic A 
familiar entry in registers of the 

Robert Biggn, co. Hum*, Mi. 
William Bigge, co, Oif. ibid. 
1614, Richard Bigge, Haniage Lie. 

i6.(q. Bapt.— Kathetinr.d. John Bigg: 

17SJ. Married-rtenry Bigg (Berk- 
shire^ and St^ia Cook: S(.^^ Kan. 

tio1fen,i3,o; New York, 1,0- 

Blggadike.— Local ; v. Bicker- 
dike ;. cf. Biggeiataff for Bicker- 



Biggentttff.— L«cbI -, v. Bicker- 
staff; d". Bi^adike for Bickerdike. 

Biggin, Biggen, Biggins, 
Biggans.— Local, 'of Biggin," a 
township in the pariah of Church 
Fenton, co. York. No doubt other 
•pots are so called, from bigging, 
a building, biggins, buildings, i.e. a 
■lead, a habitation, a dwelling ; cf. 

. ' When he oome to hia liyf-iTynEr, 
He welfwmd Fayt thU liuly vynK?.' 
ti4i5; Emart 709(H.E.D.). 

'Byreyiwe, or beeldyiief. tdifiatia, 
ttmttura^: FcDtniM. Purv. p. 35. 

Robertni de Bynryng', 1379 i P' T. 

RicanlBa BTnyiiK, ijra: ibid. p. iriL 

We«m.aiiclComh, 1.305. , . „ 
— ■ - -' "---jwhead*, Fr- 

, 'JW: 

t Rich- 

John tnEtiiu, of UlYemon, Faroe**, 

'*i7J7.'»l»rried-Willlam Voce and Maty 
Bi£Eani: St. Geo Hin.Sq.i.t. 

■759- ~ i""** Bifxins and Juie Bond : 
' LondoiL o, o, 1, 01 W»t Ridinj Coort 
Dir, 8, ,, To; Sheffield, 10, o, +, o; 
E^ilkdelphii, 4, o, 1, i. 

BlgUnd.— Local, 'of Bigland,' 
an estate in the parish of Cartmcll, 
North Laucaihirc. BigUnd Hall 
is still the residence of the Big- 


and, i. t>. 

JamM BJEltnd, of the Crang 
oieII, 1611 : ibid, 

HeniyttijHviH, oTCUiImeEl, 1 

1738. M».ned-Jobn Alfci 
Dotolhy Bii;laod : Rfj. UIvc 

'^i'^-IuBS BigUnd, 
ami Mary Jackun : ibid, p-f . 
London, 1 ; Liverpool, 4. 

Blgnoll, Blgnell, Blgnold.— 
Local; v. Bicknell. But Lower 
Myt, 'Bignall or Bignold, ■ town- 
ship ID CO. Stafford ' (Patr. Brit 
p. 97). The index to the register 
of St. Michael, ComhiU (Hari. 
Soc.), refers the reader from Bick- 
nell to Bignall. So doei the Reg. 
Univ. Oif. (Index, vol. ii. pt. ii). 

1716. BatM. — Maiy, d of Ttiomu 
BiKnaU : Sl Michael, Cornhill, p. 169 

*pi- — HaRhaid.afThoinaaBignell: 

i7>t.Uarried-ABdnw Mllli and Ann 

Birnell : Sc Antbolln (London), p. 146. 

London, 3, 6, 7 ; Piiladelpbia, o, 5, u 

Bigod, Bigot.— Nick, or ofGc. 
Roger le Bygod. A ; Alina le 
Bigod. J ; WillUm le Bygot A : 
John le Bygot. M; Gundred la 
Bygote, Close Roll, 5 Edw. 1. 
Three of these entries are of the 
13th century. For the controversy 
on these terms, Bigod and Bigot, 
see Skeat's and Wedgwood's 
Dictionaries; also reply to Skcat 
by Wedgwood in the Academy, 
Aug. 9, 1879 ; see also Freeman's 
Norm. Conq. ii. 386. That the 
derisiwe term ' bigod ' arose from 
the oath ■ by God ' seems probable. 
■Pardew" (Le. 'par Dieu') is a 
till existent surname with b simi- 
lar origin. That it was transferred 
to some religious order seems 
equally certain (v. Wedgwood), 
and that through. Uiem it became 
a term to express religious devotee- 
ism seems almost clear. 

i;«i. Manwd— John BiEotl and Grace 
Willwmi : St Geo. Charu^layfair, p. 159. 

Philadelphia, ^ a ; New York, o, J. 

BUbrough, BUberry, BiU- 
brough.— Local, 'of Bilborough,' 
a village parish near Tadcaster, 
CO. York. Bilbeny seems imita- 


le Biiborgh. muSm/nMn'M. 

£dw. t : Freemen 01 Vorlt (Suit. Soc},' 
Abraham deBi[faBTE(ofBilbBrgh), 1379: 

ij67. Bnried-Johane Bilbeiy : St. Jaa. 

1615. BDiicd— Widow BUIbroajihe, a 
penlioner : SL Hichael C«inhill, p. 116. 

1631. — Thamat •. John Bilborough : 
Sl Jbj. Clerkensdl, iv. joj. 

ifi34-V-Jane Bilbearey: SL Dioni. 

We* RidinK Court Dir., J, o. o ; Phila- 
delphia, 1, o, 4- 

Bilb;, Bilbie, BUb«e.- Local, 
'ofBilbyt'a township in the parish 
of Blythe, CD- Notts. 

Robenaa dc Bilby, 1379 : P- T. Yorka 

-_ rriage Lie. (Faoilly Office), p. 3. 
ifiit Bipi — Anne, d. Fran™ Uabi 
t.Tas-ClerkeEwetl, I 131. 

1730. Married — GeoTEe Toirat and 
Francei Bilby : Sl Geo-Xhap. Hayfair, 

London, 4, o^ o 1 M DB. (Sometact), o, 

BUoliffe; V. Billdiff. 

BilL— Bapt.'thesonorWilliam.' 

This nick, was very uncommon; 
Will maintaining its hold, as Wil- 
son, Wilkins, WilcDcks, &c., fully 

John Bille. CO. SoniL, 1 EdK. lit; 
lirhy'ipueiLp. Ijj. 

1533. J^n Kali and Kalherins Byll: 
lamate Lie (London), 1. 3. 

1567% William Lncaa and AUce Bill ; 

BlUoUff.BUoUfb, BintoUffD. 
Binolifl'. — Local, 'of Bilcliir.- 
I have not identified the spot. 
Of course they have all one com- 
mon parent ; cT. batud^ir and 

1581. Thomaa Bildif ; R^. Univ. Olf, 
1615. ThonuuBikliHr, co. Berki: ibid. 

tS& Lancelot Griffin and Ann Bilt- 
etlSe: MairiaKC Allen. (WeHminXM), 

MancheBter, i, o, 1, j ; London, o, 1, », 
o ; Bouon (U.S.) iBlUcIiH), l 

BUler.— Occup. ' the hitler,' 
probably not a biltman, i.e. one 
who carried a pike or hnlbert, but 
a inanuracturer of the weapon. 

HnTh \f Biller, ftlUr, ii Edw. I: 
Freemen oC York (Sart. Soc), i. 6. 

Henry le Billere, co. Camb., H73. A. 

John tilkrc. co. SnfT., ibid. 

1666. Thomiia Terrier and Mary BiUier; 
Marriage Alleg. (Canlerbnry). p. iHi, 

London. J ; ne* York, 4. 

Bmtng, BlUlnge, BllUnga.— 
Local, 'of Billing,' a psrish in 
dioc. of Peterboroug!! : also 'of Bil- 
linge," a parish in dioc. of Liver- 
pool. At first, no doubt, a patro- 
nymic, Bi proved by such place- 
names as Billtngborough (Lincoln- 
shire), Biltingford (Norfolk), Bil- 
lingham (Durham), Billinghurst, 
a parish in dioc. of Chichester; 
Billingsley, a parish in dioc. of 
Hereford; and Billington, t pathh 
in dioc. of Ely. 

, Google 


Amra Billyng, CO. Somi., I l^lu. Ill: 
KirPy'i QiwK. p. i,S3. 

Tlioniuilc Billinee. co. Humi. 7271. A. 

WllUam de BillinEr-. •»■ Notii, ibid. 

Adam Billlnv, co. SafT., ilrid. 

Huy dc Kllinze, co. Lduc., temp. 
Edw. I : Boina' Line ii. iXo. 

ijtSi. John Billinits, «. Itmbigh : R»g. 
Univ. dr. vol. ii.nt ii. p. luj. 

Aleunder BiUrnec, of BiliinrF, 1611; 
With at Clialer (i&\ p. aj, 

London, 11,3, 5; New York, », a, 34. 

BlUlnffAy, BllUnghar.— Lo- 
cal, 'of Billingfaay,' a village in 
CO. Lincoln, about nine miles from 

Prler dr BTlliDEEcye, co. Unc., Edw. 
I-Ed*. III. -R. "^ '^ 

1735. Bapl.— Rfchord ClaridBT, win of 
Riclurd BiUingar : St. Ju. ClnkniwrJl. 

Lofidoa, I, o ; MDR (co. Lincoln), o. 1. 

Billlngh&m.— Local, 'of Bil- 
lijigham,' a parish in co. Durham, 
near Stockton-on-Tees. 

ijtn Married— WilliBix Billineham 
andMnrrPearR: Sl.Cn>.H3n.Si|.i.93. 

Londcn, I ; Pliiladelpliia, 1. 

BiUlnghurat— Local, 'of Bil- 
lingburst,' a parish in co. Sussex, 
seven miles from Horsham. 

il'ii.i. Rolxrt Billinehnrsle, co. SuKi ; 
Kt-v. Univ. Oif. vol. S. pi. Ii. p. jii. 

irt73. -Buhed-Mr.Gcor^Bimngliam 
in tlie niiddlE of ihoK two Kati under vc 
A/ch on ye Nonh lideof tlw Church'; 

177S. Mamc^jtiTn BillinthBTM and 
Elit Amey : Si. Geo. Kan. Sq. i. a86. 

KUingsUy, BUUngaly— Lo- 
cal, ' of Biliinssley,' a parish in co. 
Salop, six miles from Bridgenarth. 

is8i. Richard Bilincdif, co. Warw. : 
Reg. Univ. O.f. vol. ii-V i\. p. gS. 
IS87-8. William l!yllin«gley,co.Warw. : 

i.tu. Blried— John. a. John BIlKnEiley : 
Si. fi.Clerlionwll,iv.i(i. * ' 

■635' — A Hill-bom child al WilUam 
BiUingilye; ibid.p.iia. 

165a. — Robert Biuinnlviitdd. p. a9i. 

I-«>don,a, o; PbiladeTphia, (^ a. 

BllllDgton.-(i) Local, ' of Bil. 
lingtan,' a parish in dJoc. of Ely. 
(a) Local, 'of Billiogton,' a town- 
ship and manor in the parish of 
Blackburn, co, Lancaihire. The 
surname is well established in that 

William de BiliTwtoo, cs. Late, 1331 : 
Lay Snbndy (Rylandi), p. ji. 

Johannei de Billynpoo, Itro: P. T. 

Richard Billincitgn, of Whalley. co. 
inc., 1195 : Wilt at Che««-. i. la. 
1737. MBTTied-RidiardBillin«lw<and 
;lii. bevonihire : St. Cs). Han. Sq. i. 19. 
London, rt ; ManclK(Ier, 6 ; Btacliburn, 
I B«lon (U.S.). 4. 

Billiter.— Occup, 'a bell-found- 
r.' An East-Anglian lenn. No in- 
stances appear in the Hundred Rolls 
1)- 'Betleietare (bellyacere). 
camfianarius' : Prompt. Parv. In 
the Register of Wills (London], ii. 
336, occurs ' William Burfoni, M 
Irtltn,' I forgot to look far the date 
of this. Stowe inforois us that 
Billiter Lane was once known as 
Beljeters Lane. This settles the 
origin of the surname. > In 1349, 
Thomas de Baldeswell presented 
to the Church aforesaid as chief 
lord of this fee : in 1367, Adam 
Humphrey : and in 1385, Adam 
Pyk, and in 1400, Edmund Belytter, 
alias Belzeter' (BlomeGeld's Nor- 

folk, v 

Robert le Brlyelere, C R., 

7 Ec 

\VilliamleBrhelere. B. 


; F 

BiliLay. — Local, 'of Bilney,' 
parish ID CO. Norfolk. 'Thomas 
Bilney, or Bylney. martyr, was 
member of a Norfolk family which 
took its name from the villages 
of the same designation in tb ' 
county': Diet Nat. Biog. v. 40. 

GeofTrry Byiyne, co. Camb., 1171. . 

lohn dc Bilneye, IJol. M. 

William .le liilDeyc, co. Norf., a Ed 
HI: FF.i)ii.i«. 

Waller de Bilney, co. Norf., 6 Joh 

1617. Bapt.— EliL, d. Edivord Bilny 
Si. Jas. Clerllc..«ell, i. .07. 

Bilaborough, BUsbrough, 
BUlBborough, BUsboToiT, 
BUaborrow, Bllabury, BUs- 
boro. — Local, 'of Bilsborough,' a 
small hamlet in the parish of Gar- 
sCang, CO. Lancashire. 

Richard de Billiibiirgh, ca Lasc. : 
. Baiua^ Lane., IL 51S. 

Thomu Billyiborow, buried a 

Willi ai 

Hfliry BibWrrnv, of Collam, 15531 

lua. lacobu Biltyiboroo : Preiton 

]6oa. Henry Bllliiborove: ibid- p. ^i- 
164a. Rkhaid Biliborowe ; ibid. p. 96. 
Mancheater. a. Ck o. o, c^ n^ o; Prcalon. 

[^ 1. 4, i,o,ao; LiveiTKKil. o, '.[\o, 1, 
no; MDB. {WtM Rid.'YorioKBiliboiy, 
i; Ne<'York(B>ld>oro), I. 

Bilaon. Bmaon.~Bapt. 'the 
son ofBeir; V.Bell (i). There is' 
no evidence in favour of ' the son 
of Bill.' i.e. William. That nick, b 
comparatively modem. In the 
Modern Domesday Book (co. War- 
wick) there are four Bellisons. one 
Belson.andoncBilson, all evidently 
of the same stock, namely, Bellson 
(i.e. the son of Isabella), Bilson is 
easy variant of Belson. 

BUtOIL— Local, 'of Bilton,' a 
village parish about nine miles 
west of York. 

Thomai dr Billon, uriir, 7 Bdv. It ; 
Free-nenoTYork, 1. 1,,. 

Adam de Billon, 1579: P. T. Yorki. 



iie-drBIIiDfl, 1370: ibid. 
BallhBiar Bnclie and 
Marriace Lk. (London). 1. 
Riding Conn Dir., 1 ; B- 

Bimaon, BlmpsoiL— Bapt. ; 

a corruption of Binson. itself a 
corrupted form of Benson. 

TTJT. Bapt.-Sanih, d. of William 
BInwn ! St. ]ai Clerken»-en, 1. 173. 

1743. Married— Jolin Bimmn and Ann 
SlotMi Sl Geo. Kan. Sq. i. 19 

London, 1,0; Nei.Yorlt,o, 1. 

Binder, — Occup. 'the book- 
binder.' This ii practically settled 
by the Hundred Rolls, where, in 
the town of Oxford, Stephen Li- 
gator, librorum, is mentioned again 
as Stephen Ligator. Also in the 
case ofa William Ligator, as belowj 
V. Bookbinder. 



Win'amHeatorJiirar'.OxfoTi.liJi, A. 


Simon Ligilor, Oiford, Ibid. 

Lan'tenreLintor Cajnbrldf e, ibLd- 

i,^;a-9. WilllunHBinTnondBiidlohBnn* 
Bjrnder : Muriaire hie (Lxandon), i. tU. 

>5<>5-<^ Edward ByDeder uid KBtfacrlae 
RaynitTcipp : ibid. p. iiS. 


Blndlooso, Blndloea, Bind- 
loss.— Local, 'of Bindlowi' I 
onnot End the spot. It is clear 
thiil the suffix is -linii (v. Lowe). 

RobertDi Byodlowy^ 1379 ; P. T. 

Johanod ByndlDwrir 1379 : ibid. 
1581. ChrinaphFrBiml1a<ni.Weslni.), 
Qwcn-) ColL : Reg. Univ. Oif. roL iv 

^'tttt '^iwmu Sntlon and Grto-ll 
BindloK : Uaniace All^. (Canteibaiy), 

iiUa.lca. Lane.), o. 1, t ; London, 

Binghaio.— Lool, 'of Bing* 
ham,' a parish in dioc. of South- 
well, CO. Nottiagham, 

John de Brnrha] 
III: Klrby'iQoaa, 

.,_ : ibid. p. 207. 

Williani^lcBinebar., ,.-, .. .- 

Croffny dr Binitciuin, co. Wilu, ibid. 
Robot de BiDnham, co. Dotkl ibid. 
Alicia de Byns^am, 13^: P.T.Yorki. 

Michael, Cornhiil, 0,117. 

1G45. — Mitrhcll BinEwn: Si. Mary 
Ahferaiaiy, p. 171. 

London, 15; PiiiladelpMa, 3a 

Bingley.— Local, ' of Bingtey,' 
a parish and market town in the 
West Rid. Yoris. 

(Batu)deBinjnlay,co.York,il7}. A. 

ViUclcniu dc ftyncel'T, >3»' P- T. 
Yorlu. p. i9t, 

1(70. Married— Rychafde Caryngton 
and KathaiTn ByD^lry : St. UKwii 
Backrhnrch, p. & 

in Richard Brinekman and 
._.. _..._._,. St. Gto. Han. Sq.L 14. 

West Ridinir Cout Dir., 14 ; London, 
10; Philadelphia, 4. 

Biii]u,BiDlEM.— (0 For Bilks, 
by change of / to », venr com- 
mon in nomenclature; cl. Ban- 
ister, q.v. 

WiOiani BUkfi, or Bilkei, oo. LIkl, 

iftj. Robeit Binktt or Bincke^ e& 
York: iL p. III. 

i<|Q5. William Boldrre and Al»» 
Bindui; Marriasc Lie. (London), 1. 113. 

■ 1676. Bapi. — Robert, >. Andrew 
Binckes: Si. Mary Alderaiary, p. 104. 

1117, Married-William Bincka and 
Deborah Wrench : St. Anlholin (London), 

t74t». — Thomai Kern and Uary 
Biaki : SL Mii:hae]. Cotnhill. p. 71. 

London, 3, □; MDB. (Lincoln), 4, o; 
Pbiladelphia, o, 2. 

Binney, Binnle.— Local, 'of 
Binuic.' an estate in the parish of 
Upball, Linlithgowshire (Lower's 
Pair. Brit. p. 38). 

Wiilelonu Bynny, 1379: P. T. Yotka. 

London, i. 3; Wnt RidinF Coort 
Dir..4,o-, Bo«on(U.S.),i6,o. 

Binning.— B apt. 'the son of 
Binning'; v. Bcnning, and cf. 

" ing and Harding. 




Telegiaji, Feb. 6, 


Binnington. — Local, ' of Biu- 
nington,'a township in the parish 
of Willerby, East Rid. Yorks, lit. 
the larmstead of Binning ; v. Biu- 
oing, and cf. Bennington. 

iSoj. 'At Gledhov Tenure, Sooth 
KcDHDglDci, Ihe wife of F. W. Blnninglon, 
of a ton ' : Daily TeieizraplL Dec. i£ 

MDB. (Eut Rid. Yoilu). 4. 

Biimicm.— Bapt. ; Welsh, Ap- 
Ennion ; v. Bennion and Benyon. 

Liverpool, J. 

Biim«.—1 Local. This surname 
has ramified most strongly in co. 

Robert Binna, CO. Line, 1171 A. 

Johanne8deByanes,i379: f.T.Vorks. 

■ '3'S'.' 

; ibid. p. S. 

1780. MarHed— John Robinaon and 
Hannah Binna : St. Geo, Kan, Sg. i. 313. 

WeM RidinE CDun Uir., 17 ; Haliiu, 
S;Phiiadelphra, 13. 

Btrbeok.— Local ; v. Birkbeck. 

Biroh, Btiroh.— Local, 'at the 
birch,* from residence hy a birch- 
tree (cf. Oak, Ash, Nash, &c.) ; v. 
Birics. In Lancashire, Birch gent- 
rally hails from Birch,achapelry in 
the parish of Middleton, Dear Man- 
chester. Of course, a surname of 
this class is originated in a hun^ 


John Btle Birche, temp, l«o. li. 
Henry del Birchea, co. L*nc., 13JI; 
Lav SalMiily (Rylan^), p. 10. 
Robert del Bircbes, co. Lane, 1331: 

' Wi[l^iiitadelBinJi,i379: P.T.Yorka. 

1371-1. Richard Byrche and Margaret 
Gibaon: VaEria» Lie. (London), i. ^j. 

CeorEB Birch, o( Birch. 1601 : Willi at 
Cheater<[[4^-l6lo), p. JO. 

Gilbert Birch, of Middlelon, 1561 .- 

' Wn ^ich, or Mancheilei, innholdtT. 
I«i: ibid. p. JO. 

London, 3S, » ; Manchester, 37. i ; 
Philadelphia, jo, 4. 

BirohalL— Local, 'of Birtles.' 
Odd as this may seem, it is true. 
For further evidence, v. Birtles. 

John de Birchall de Binica, oT Gawi- 
•L'onh, CO. Chei. : Hiit. BaK Cbea. iL 

Ridiard Bitchall. of Parr. wAsUr, 
-''- """- -■ CheMer(1545-i630), p. 30. 

chali, ofCroft, inWinwicli, 

'tT/B-'Manied — Ed«Tiid Fre. 

Irchall: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

London, 3; Mancheiter, £: MDB. 
(CO. Uat),'71 PhiUdelphia, i,t 

Birohenough.— Local, 'of the 
birchen-hough,' from residence 
thereby. Birchen is the adjective 
of birch, a birch- tree or trees 
(cf. Golden), and hoitgh,X^Kkatigk, 
or hou), means a hill or mound. 
Hence Birchenbough is simply the 
mound or bill covered with birches; 
cf. Goodenough, In both cases the 
h is elided. 

London, 1 ; Boston (U.S.), 1. 

Blrohwood.— Local, ' at the 
birchwood,' from residence by a 
clump or grove of birch-trees ; 
cf. Birkinshaw, an exact equiva- 

Ralph Sirehmwd. of Omnkltk. c 
Lane, i6oa : Willi at Cheater. 1. ». 

Henry Birchmod, of BoMock, c 
Lanr., I6i6; ibid. 

Liverpool, 3 \ U 




Bird.— Nick, 'thebird,' p«lup9 
from the singing propensities of 
the original bearer; cf. 'He sings 
like a bird.' Also c£ Nightingale, 
Sparrow, Finch, Lark, See. 

David k Brid. CO. Oif., ijTj. A. 

John It BrkL co. Oif., ibid. 

Stefan Brid. tMi. Satf., ibid. 

Geoffrey Brvd. co. Salon, ibid. 

Henry fe Brid, co. Sonu.. i Bdw. It! : 

Jofiannei Bridde, 13791 P. T. Torki. 

1764. Married— GeoTEc Bird and Ann 
Skinner : Si. Cm. Han. S9. i. 137. 
London, 91 ; Philadelphia, 70. 

BirdBaU, BftardseU. Be«rd- 
BalL-Locsl,'of Birstall' (t), a vil- 
lage parish near Dew«bury, Yorks, 
Robert de BrlduU, 1379: P.T.Ynrka. 


: St. Ceo. H: 
_reh Fenton (Yorkmf, i, n, o; Wat 
HCooit Dir, o, 1,0; Sbeffield,Q. 

1769. John Beardudl > 

I Ellabeib 

Jinr Cooit Dir, o, 1,0 
I ; Philadelphia, 3, o, a 

BlrdAfiye, BlrdBe;.^Locd, 

■of Birdsey.' I cannot find the 
spot. Manifestly Birdseye is imi- 
Utive. But the meaning seems 
clear, the 'Birdseye,' i.e. the 



L the 

I fre- 

quented by birds. 

i6«5, WilliiDi Wakelinv and Haiy 
BlrdKjr : Uarrlage Alleg. (Canlerbiiry}, 

i^(. Bapt. — Edward Birdwr; St. 
DioniiBacrchnrcli. p.111. ' 

1687, Bnried— Anne Birdicjr : lbkl.p.954. 

The index under ' Birdsey ' refers 
the reader to ' Budsey.' 

Ifijl. Married — Prancia Bariria and 
Elba BadKT; St. Dloni* Backchnrch, 

1753. — Wllliani Bird«eye and Elii. 
Drane ; St. Geo. Chap. MayCair, p. 311. 

London, f, I : MOB. (co. Bedford), a. 
3 : New York, 4. o \ Philadelphia, 1, a. 

Blrdwhim«.— Local. A some- 
what pretty imitative corruption of 
Birtwhistle, q.v. 

MuicheRer, I. 

Blrkbeok, Birbeck.— Local, 
' of Birkbeck,' so called from the 

irntorstreamlet that flowed through 
the titks or birch-trees (v. Birki 
■nd Beck). A Cumberland sur- 
name. Of course, Birkbeck was 
too big a mouthful for ordinary 
and current usage, and Birbeck 

'|°^J. Huin^rn'" B^kb«ke 
■ n.kQoeen'. Coll. : ,bid. p, ..7. 
D. Symoncl Birkebecltelco.Watni,), 

Adam B^rkbeke, lap. for U.A, 
Jnng^ IS07^- Ret Univ. Dif. vol.^i. p. , 

Symond Birkebeclt 
Coll. : ibid. p. HI. 
1771. Uarried— Thomaa Birkbeck and 
Sounnah Evrall: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

London, ^ 5 ; HDB, (co. Cambertand), 

Birkanhaad.— Local, < of Birk- 
enhead,' co. Chester. The meaning 
is 'Ibe bead of the birch-trees' ; 
cf. Aikenhead, and v. Birkett and 


Birkett, Birkhead.— Local ; 
North English, 'of the birk-head,' 
i.e. the head of the birches; cf. 
Birkenhead and Beckett. The 
surname Haslefoot is of the same 

Stephen Birkheade, of Borwicke,i6o7: 
Unc" Will, at Richmond, i. Jj. 
Stephen Birkei, of Wanon. 1.(73 ' ^id- 
Myti Birkheade, of Winner, 1613^ 

1 ibid. 


Mile , — -, 

Adam Birkeiied, 1379: 

"^j'iiln ByrkhevnLTicarofCigKlemick, 
in Craven, 141^ Whiltaker, p. 166. 
Chriuopher Birkhed, vicar ot Long 

The three references following 
concern the same peison ; — 

BrMgitt Birkett, 11(34: St. Peter, Com- 

finditel Birkhead, 1638 : ibid. p. 197, 
Brn^gell Birkehead, 16.43 : 'bid- p. 107, 
■ Petition of John Birked, vkraroTCkriM 

Cbucch, Sep.9,' 1550: CbL Slate Papers 

(Doa>eMic\ I. ao. 
William Byrkhed, C. R., 3 Bdw. tV. 
London, 16, 1 ; New York, 1, o ; Pbila- 

delphia, a, S. 

BirkbiBhaw, Birkenehaw, 
Btirtenahftw, Bartenshaw, 
BiroomBhaw.— Local, ■ of Birk- 

enshaw,' a chapelry in the parish 

of Birstall, CO. York. The meaning 
is 'the birch-wood,' biritH being 
the adjective (v. Birkenhead, Aken- 
head, ftc). The variants are curi- 
ous, but only found at a distance 
from their native home. 

John Birchjndia*, Hen. VIH: Cal. 
State Papera. 

Thomai KrkyKbaghe, 1.179; P- T. 
York*, p. 163. 

1634. Bapt.— Hum phrey EKrchenibav ; 
Prfatbory Ch. (CheihireX p. aga. 

Robert Kikenihaw, 1187: Willi at 
Ctimer, i. 11. 

Ambrose Birteuhaw, of Mancbealer, 
i.At : ibid 

Robert Uninriiaw, of Moncheiler, 

' 1781.' Married - William Flig? and 
lubella Borckingtbaw : St. i:;ca. Han. 
Sq. p.339. 

The Standard of Oct. la, 18S6, 
p. 3, reports Emma Bircuroshaw 
asappearingincourtat Nottingham 
in a legal case. This spelling is a 
manifest corruption of Birkinshaw. 

Landa^ i, o, 3, o, o; MDB. (Wtm 

Rid. Yorl 

>. Noiu), o. 

Birks.— Local, 'at the hirks,' 
from reddence beside a clump of 
birch-trees. North English Aint. a 
birch-tree; v. Birkenhead, Birkett, 
Birkbeck, &c. ; and v. Birch. 

Johanne* del Byikee, 1371; P. T. 

Cf. John !^ Byrrhea, Pardoni Roll, 17 
Ric. II : Reg. Unir. Oif. iii. 367. 
i607' RiSiard Blrke^ J«ia Coll. : 

Slater : St. Geo. Chap. Uayfair, p. 139- 

London, 3 ; UDB. fWeit Rkl. YorlisX 
17 J Philadelphia, 1. 

Birley. — Local, 'of Birley* or 
'Burley,' several places in co. 
York ; V. Burley and Burleigh. 

Robert de Berfay, merar, 19 Edw. II : 
Freemen or York, 1. 33. 

JohanneadeBerlay, 1379; P.T.Yorka 

wniehnoa de Birlay, vMiOr, 1379: 
[bid. p. 36. 
RoEemi de Birlay, 1379: Ibid. 
Evan Birley, atiiltr, 1611 : PreMon 

Uancheiler, 4 ; Prmon, 1 ; London, i. 

BirtleH.— Local, 'ofBirtle*,' a 
township in the parish of Presl- 
bury, CO. Cheshire, formerly spelt 



Birchels as well as Birtles; v. 

'CiiniuM, thr widow of Hmrr de 

Ralpb dr Bmhclo, 6Hm. VIII : Ibid. 
1561. Boricd— John BinlH, of Binla : 
FmtGorjr Charcfi (CheihircX p. 11. 
ijgi. — Jumr* BjTcheli, DTAdlington : 

Edward Bjrtla. of Krtlu, ytemait, 
ism: Witk*tC>K«cr(iu5-i6>o),p.3i. 

Roeer Binls, cf Biitlei, puiih of 
Pmtbaij. 1616: ibid. 

Manctnier, 4 ; Loodon, ■■ 

BlrtwhiaUe, Blitwistle.— 
Local, 'of Birtwistlc' I canaol 
find the ipotj cf. Enlwislle. But 
■s It is evidently in the West Rid. 
Yorks, it tnsy be aa early form of 
Bincst whistle, a ham let in the 
parish of Thorobill. BirdwhisUe 
(q.v.) a a curious imitative form. 

Rob. fillni loh'ii BrittwioUi, t«n: 
PrcBlin Guild Rolli, p. 1. 

Henricu BirktwyKJI, ttUar, 1370: 
P. T Yorki. p. >i8. 

Johanna de Brytwcak, 1379: ibid, 

1S«! Will. 


Reg. Univ. Oif. vol ii. pt il. p. j6. 

The (act that Antbony was at 
Brasenose College is all butabsolutc 
proof that he came from Co. Lane. 

Bishop, Blshopp.— Nick, 'the 
bishop,' a common entry in early 
registers, a sobriquet readily affixed 
on one of ecclesiastical appcBiance. 
Nevertheless, most of our Bishops 
owe their title to the custom of 
electing a boy-biafaop on SL Nicho- 
las' Day (v. Brsnd, Pop. Antiq.). 
The ceremony was a very familiar 
one. Lyson quotes from the Lambelb 
Churcbwardens' Accounts, 1533 ; 
' For the Bishop's dynner and hys 
company on St Nycolas' Day, \\s. 
viiid.' Jtifi^ arose similarly, q.v, 

John Ic Bimp, (v. Oif., 1171. A. 

WilUun Bli^, CO. Norf ibid. 

„ .uLlnc 


Alice BiKip, to. Oif., ibid. 

p, co.CaDib., 


A curious proof of the 
of tbia papular nickname is seen in 
the following entry ; 

BtwHi attp Cotnh, co. Soma., i Edw. 
Ill: K&br'iQiiat,p.ill3. 

In the formal roll of the Preston 
Guild Merchant for i6oa appeais 
the name of < William Browne, alias 
Bushopp' (PreatOD Guild Rolls, 

Juinn Biihop, of Wsirinrtlon, 1614 : 

i6j6. Muiinl-^n GomniF and Elii. 
Biihopp : St. Michael, Camhifl, p. jfi. 

1749. Bapt,— EbciKiEr Bimp, a lound- 

Loodon, 191, 5 ; Ptiiladclpliia, Sg, o. 
Bl«hoprlck.—t Local. Probably 
the suffix is -rigg, a ridge. 

BiaphAm, Blsooml}. — Local, 
'of Biapham,' a village three miles 
from Poulton, in the Fylde district, 
CO, Lanco^ire; anciently Biscop- 
bam, i.e. the bishop's dwelling 
(V. Baines' Hist Lane, ii, 507). 

Avcria de Bifpham. co. Lane, iiflS : 
Balna< HIiC. Lsnc. ii. W7. 

Hcniy Ac Buq)huii, co. Lane, 136s : 
Ibid. p. 508. 

Robert de Biipham, eo. Lane., 133J : 
Lay Subiid^tRyteiidi), p. 41. 

LaorMiM Bymham, cd. L«nc., 1541: 
PrMion Guild ItolK p. 18. 

WaiEum Biiphun, of Pillini, 1670; 
Lancaahire Wilb at Richmond, p. 34. 

JiAnEliiphani.ofLiltleWoaltDn, i6I<ot 
WilkalCliHlet, 1.17. 

Blackbom, I, O; Hancheil«, o, i ; 
PhiUdelplua, 16, a. 

Bin.— Local ; v. Bysh. 

Biaaett, Basaett, Blaaatt, 
Blaet, Binet-Bapt. 'the son of 
Biset.' This so far tallies with 
Mr. Ferguson's statement that Bis- 
sett is a dim. of an old Teutonic 
personal name Bis. But I suspect 
that Biaet is the full name, and not 
a diminutive (v. Lower's Patr. Brit. 

Hanxarl BiaaEl, eo. Wor. 

'J. A. 



: St. Geo. Han. Sq. L 137. 


London, I, I, a, o, o: HDB.(W. Rid. 
York*), o, Q, a, o, II : Vest Rid. Court 
Uir., j,o, 1^ 1, Oi Philadelpliia, 11,0,0, 

Blab.—Nick. 'atell-tale'i Simon 
le BUbe fClose Roll, 3 Edw. I) ; 
H.E. UaMf, B tell-tale. ' Blabbe. 
or labbe, wreyare of cownsellc ' : 
Prompt. Parv. 

New York, 1. 

Blabber, Blaber.— Nick, 'the 
blabber,' a revealer of secrets, 
a tell-tale ; v. Blab. ' 1557. He 
was a great blabber of his tongue ' 
"" "" " Norf., ijg. A 

"379 i 1 

Johannes BlatHur, 

' l8ai. Uarried — Jams Brooka and 
Barbara Blaber: Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 

'"^ Yotk, o, I. 

Blaby.— Local, 'of Blsby,' a 
parish in dioc. of Peterborough 
and CO. Leicester. 

^(An de I^bi, eo. York, ia«. A. 


Thomaa Blaby, 
0. Norf., r«f -^ 

1361 : FF. T 


ir of Wbodriai 

i,-;™. J 

0. Wore. 



iTfn. Married — Thoinaa Blal 
Ann Beordlng : St. Geo. Han. S<; 
London, 3. 

raaok, Blake.— Nick. 
black,' from the complexion ; cf. 
Blackmsn, Blue, White, Hoare, 
Blunt, Russell, &c 

Humo le Blake, CO. Baeki,it;,i. A 

Reirinald le Blake, co. Camb., Ibid. 

Re_yncr le Blake, co. Norf. ibid. 

Edericke le Blacke, co. Line, ibid. 


I Edw. 

Ill : Kicby'i Quest, p. 107. 

Margery lafilak, C. R., i Edw. II. 

1783. MarHcd-Atlin Blake and Doro- 
thy Pere|rrine : SL Geo. Han. Sq. i. 315. 

London, 13, 69 ; Philadelphia, 300, &\. 

Blaokadar, Blaokadder. — 

Local, ' of Blackadder,' not far from 

the English border in Scotland. 

A river ofthat name also runs there. 

'The laird* of W 

adder, and WettNiit., .,„^. 

of State Fapen relating to Srallind, 
nlited byMarkbam JohnTGorpert London 1 

a£iii Bfacader, prior of Coldinsham, 
1514 : ibld.Jp, 19. 
Purick Blacaler, IJ59: ibid. p. ill. 



BlAcluU, Blackb&lL— Local, 
'of Ibe Black-hall.' Mr. Lower 
says that It is a corruption ofBIact' 
well, but this is not borne out by 

N>cliolHartlHBIiil»liiili,C R.RIc ir. 

i;a3. Uurlnl — George Blackall mnd 
Uirtlia Carnbh : Sl. Haiy AldensDr]', 

1774- — ChMla Barrdl Muolngbfrd 
uul Ann Blukiih Si. G«. Han. Sq. 
i. i4£. 

London, >, 9 ; BoKon (U.S.), 1, o ; New 
York, o, a. 

BlMk.b«llO0lC— Nick.; V. Bal- 
loek (H.E.D.). 

RobenuBIw:b«lloc,co. Sun'.,ll73. A. 

BUokbearcL— Nick. • with the 
btack beard.' Ji.E. Ixrd or bfrdt; 
ci. Brownbeard. Blackbird is an 
imilBtive form. Blackberd occurs 
In Yorkshire so early as 1379. It 
is still to be met with there in the 
shape of Blackbeard. 

icihnBIicbcTd,c>>,Oir. 1174. A. 

Ricliinl Blacberd, ca Oif.. Ibid. 

JoliuMi BlaklKnl, 1.179 : F. T. YorkL 

''tShdu BlKkberd, 00. York. W. iB. 
Peter Blackbeard, co.York. W. to. 
John Blackbird, co. Cjiiiib , 1611 : VW. 

ITII. Bapt. — Henrv, Km of Henrr 
Blackbird: Sl lai. Clerken>ieir, iL i3l 

'Mr. J, Btackbrard of 119 Brtjn 
road, applied !□ Mr. Biron lor adi i 

Eieter, I ; London, I : UDR (N. Rlil- 

BlacdEbum, BlKckbom, 

Bl«ckbome, Blookbourn, 
Blaahbume.— Local, 'of Black- 
bum.' a large and thriving town in 
CO. Lane. There is no n^;ro taint 
in Blackbom. 

Willeln.111 de Blakbum, ,3^, ; P. T. 
Yotka. pp. ajj-j. 

CriM^miideBlakebnTii, 1179: ibid. 

JobaniK* dr Blakebom, 1179: Ibid. 
^)oha dE Blnkcbamc, 1397: Pmton 
'— "SJ^imr 

>. ^^^ -. Witt, u Cboter, i, ii. 

1605. WilKam Blacklnime, of E 
™n,™.LaiM.: ibid. 

llanehesiiT, 11,0,0. o, o; London, to, 
1, 1, 4, 11 Fbliadclphia, 41, a. o, o, 9; 

Blackcow, Blftoow, BUeko«, 
BUkoe.— Local, 'of Blackball,' 
CO. Lane. Tbis looks like a oick- 
naiue or sign. board name, but it is 


from Black-hall, near Preston ; pro- 
nounced Blackow (cf Lindow for 
Lindale, Pictbaw for Picklball, &c). 
This name has tnken the imitative 
form of Blackcow : William Black- 
cow (Proctor's Manchester Streets). 
Henry Hanley, of Blacow, co. Lane , 
■ 6.j; *ill._alChe«rr(i,Hs-i6»XP:85. 
nr, orSaralabarr, ilSii : 

•HTr * f Mn. VCn ft-f! 

mid. p. 1 

1561 : Fmlon Gaild 

.-e, iSSji ibid. p. 34. 

In this same series of records 

the surname is variously spelled 

BUcoll, Blacoe, Blackowe, Blake- 

cowe, and Blakow ; v. Index. 

HanchcMec, o, I, o, o; Proton, o, i, 

BUoker.— (t) Bapt. ' the son of 
Blacre' (Dom^day). 
Ric. fiL Blacker, iitli centuiy : PFF. 

''ILdwin fiL Blocker, iitb ccDIaiy : 

Waltenu GL Godfridl Gl. BUker, iilh 
cenury! ibid. p. 31. 

(3] Occup. ' the bleacher ' ; for a 
feminine form, v. Blaxter. 

Rnrrr le Blacken, iiii, M. 

Geoffrey le Blukere, itii. M. 

Walter le Blacker, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
Ill; Kirby-iQoeM, !>.»;, 

Stephen le Blakv, CO. Soma., i Edw. 
lll! ■ 

itoj. WiUianiBlu:ker,co.WUU:Rei[. 
Univ. OiT. vol. ii. pL ii. p. 187. 

Itiio. Edward Blacker,co.Wilti: Ibid. 

BIackett,BI«!ket.— (i) Local, 

'at the Blackhead,' the dark head- 
land, from residence thereby ; cf 
Birket and Becket, for Birkhead 
iind Beckhcad (v. Redhead), (a) 
Nick, 'with the black head'; cf 
Wbitebead. In any case the origi- 
nal form is Blackhead. 

'Tlie Blackeiiiof en. Nonhnmb., Iran 
to William de Blacklieved (i.e. Black- 
headXfore(teTorStanlKipe,ijjo' ; Lower, 
Patr, Bril. p. ». 

'Mr. Joiin Blackhead, mirc/iaM 
Norwich), gave 4 .... 


^ket, of Newcaitle, lemp. 
itoJtrfieiTy'Blaekhead, (a Hert.; 

: ibid, ill 

Ree. Univ. Oif. vol. il. pt. ii. p. 
njiunixlon for Edi^ Wi 
dant,T. William Blackhead, complainant,' 
Dec I, i^T : Cal. State Paperi (Do- 

■nd), 3, 


BUcke7Mi.~T Nick. ' with the 
black or very dark eyes.' But it 
may be local : v, my first instance 
and cf Birdseye, 

163c. Buried — Marke Blackaeye: St. 
Jai. OkrkenwelT, ii. 185. 

I7.i(i. Married— Thomai Btaekcyeiand 
Eliiabeth Bridfc: Canterbury Cath,, 
p. 91. 

Blaokford.— Local, 'of Black- 
ford.' (i) a parish in co, Soms., 
near Wincanton ; (a) a cbapelry in 
the parish of Wedmore, CO. Soms., 
near Axbridge. 

Rohen de BlakeFord, co. Soma., I Edw. 
Ill; Klrby'aQgeil,p. 113. 

Adam de Blakeford, co. Soma- 1 Edw. 
Ill: ibid. p. 180. 

16X9. Buricd-Marjreti Blackford : Sl. 
Dionii BBckdmiTli, p. 157, 

175.V UaTied—lohnBapdri Blackford 
■ndBelty New Tinling: St. Ceo. Chap. 

lindoi?* ^" MDR (cft Soma-X 1 ; 
Philadelphia, 4. 

BlaoUialL-LocJ ; v. Blackall. 

BlaaUiaiii.— Local, ' ofBlaken- 
bam.' Probably the same as Blak- 
enham ; two parishes. Great and 
Little Blakenham, near Ipswich. 
"' ■ - ■■ oint to this. 

i66g. Bmiamin Blackham and Bllinor 

PtcMod: Miniate Allcf;. (WaUninHcr), 

""ilDaCco. Suffolk), I ; New York, 1. 

Blaoklstor.— Occup. 'tbe blea- 
cher'; V. Blaster. 

BlaoklMnb.-Nick. 'the black 
lamb,' the naughty, the bad ; Wil- 
liam BUcklambe (Close RoU,S Edw. 
III). Cr. •,b1acksbeep, have 
you any tvooll' also ■ black sheep.' 
for a man of exceptionally bad quali- 

BUokledge, Bl&oUaaah.— 
Local, 'of the BUck hJte,' cor- 
rupted by imitation into Blackleach. 
Probably the spot mentioned in a 




charter (c. laao) connected 
property in Wihnslow parilh. East 
Cheshire, from which district the 
nime in most cases is undoubtedly 

SruDg. 'Fulseha,Chorlegh,Poun- 
:, and Horlegh, ... as for as the 
mid slreain of- the Sicbe, which 
oke mosse,'&c Mr. Earwaker adds, 
'Th« name Black Lache or Black 
Lake is now applied to a large 
pond on Lindow Common ' (East 
Ches. i. 4a) 1 V. Depledge and 

John del Blakelachp. of Laytud, co. 
I^nc. : Lar SobaidT (Ryluidi), p. (1. 

' John Bl.ekl«rJ,,ot Layl™<eo, 
tonne of Nichotai BlackTmli, 'kiclor of 
phUick to King Henry Vlfl': VinJI. 

N>hn Bli^cinch. AA. ;). 

William BlackIiich,'of Wieu. ■■ EIIl: 
Lane, and Chta, Rcc Sac. viK. 4i». 

11711, WiUlani Blacklcarh and Uary 
Kmiiih: Huriaxe Lit iWc*in.inaieri 

'i^T. ITicholaaBbcklcnh, CO. Ghnc.t 
Rfe. Univ. Oif. vol. ii. ft. il. p. 160. 
leoi. John BlacUesB. at. Soni. : ibid. 

Blaakler.— Offic. 'the bache- 
lor,' a surname peculiar to the 
West country, especially to co. 
Devon, The two instances below 
pave the way to the little eccen- 
tricity of Blackler; V. Batchclar. 

v. Ill 

AibniBaluler, ca.Sama.,lEdw. HI: 
MDB. (CO, Devon). 6; OilOid, I. 

BlaoUey, Blakeley, Bleaok- 
1«7, Bleckly, Blokely, Bleak- 
ly.— (1) Local, 'of BUckley- 
{usually pronounced Blakeley), a 
township in the old parish of 
Uanchester. (a) Local, ' of Blake- 
ney,' q.v. This corruption was an 
early one ; v. infra, and cf. Blank- 
ley for Blankiiey. 

Adam de BlakmeTc, allaa Adam de 
Blakekre, London. i«,. A. 

WillumdclaBlakelHKitoi. U. 

}6i6. Jane Blakeley. of Bmy, m/oW: 
Willi at Cheater, ii, 4' 

i6)t, Ralpli Blakeley. oTBniy: ibid. 

lerburj Catb. p. 39. 

London, i, ,1, a 1. a o ■ UanebeMer. j, 
IS, 5, n, I, o; Philaddphu, », i\ o. 1, 

Blaoklock.— Nick 'with the 
black lock of hair' (cC Silverlock, 

Goldlock, Lovelock) 1 ■ familiar 
Cumberland surname. 


liadokp, CO. Wilts, 1173. A. 

.,„ Wiffi™5>^ ar_ 

Maiy Blacklock; Sl Ceo. Chap. Uay- 

New Yock, I. 


3; MDB. (co. Cnmb.X 

N ick. ■ the blacbman,' i. e. the 
dark-complexioned man : cf. Black 
and BlacUock, White, Whiteman, 
and Whitman. 

John Blakeman, CQ. Devon, Hen. III- 
Edw. I. K. 

Hcniy BlacDian, co. Oxford. i>;i. A. 

?etrr Blakeman. co. Camb.. Ibi^. 

Robert Blakeman, co. Bocki. ibid. 

1^91. Bapl.-John. (.Joha Blackoian: 
St Ui. Cle.ken»-ell. i. 14. 

iSi;. Adam Blakeman, co. Staff. : Keg. 
Univ. Oif, voL ii. pt. ii. p. 361. 

1767. Married— Bobert Blackman and 
Bolina Pritx : SL Ceo. Han. Sq. 1. iSl. 

London, i^. 3 ; Fhiladclphia. S, 1. 

Blockmonster. — Local, ■ of 
Blanchminster.' Latinized into 
'DeAlbo Monasterio.' Killminster 
and Killmaster (q.v.) seem quite as 
repellent, and have a similsr origin. 
Black -OX. bOc, white, pale. 

Thoaia* de Blauncanutre, ». Eaa, 

'Matilda de Blancmuire, co. Middlaex : 
Hrn. Ill-Edw. I. K. 

William de Blancmotter, co. Etmx, 


Lower gives the name as now 
existing. 1 have not met with it. 

BlfMjkmore, Blaokmoors. 
Blackmiir , Blakemor«. — Local , 
'of Blackmore.' (r) Blackmoor, 
parish in dioc. of Winchester ; (a, 
Blackmore, parish in dioc. of St. Al- 
bans. The form Blakamour seems 
to suggest a French nickname ; cf 
Phillimore, Parramore, &c. Still, 
it is better to consider the a u 


intrusive, as in Greeoaway, Otta- 
way, Hathaway, &c 
Wiltlam Blak-bommorc, Norvich.ijgS: 


iti]]. Bapu- Ralph, ■. Ranh Black- 
more : Sl. JaL ClerEenwelL i. iti. 

174.5. Married— TlHunaiCoi and Mary 
Blackmon!; Sl. Geo. Han. Sq. i. t6. 

LoDdoB, 13, 1, 1, o; Philadelphia, 3, o, 

Blookslar.— Local; v. Blakes- 


Blaoksmith.— Occup.' ■ woiker 
in iron.' This and Whitesmith ore 
the only survivals of the custom of 
styling the diflcrent workers in 
metals by the colour of that on 
which they spent their energies ; 
c£ Whitesmith. Grcensmith, Red- 
smith, Brownsmith. 

ih, CloK Roll, 54 

Hen. III. 

NicholaaChcBlBckimith. PP. 

John Bbekimyihe. ZZ. 

■Brydetbyttera, blackeunytbe*, 
reirara < : Cocke Lorelle'a Bole. 

Bl&ekBOn.— Personal, 'the son 
of Black ' ; cf. Brownson or Green- 
son. Sometimes, no doubt, a cor- 
ruption of Blackstane, a local sur- 
name. But the above derivation is 
in general the correct one, bap- 
tismal or pereonsl names from 
colours roc being uncommon. 

John Blakn* C R.. 1; Bdvr. III. pt. i. 

London, o; niladclpbia, 9. 


Local, 'of 
Blaxton,' a township in the parish 
of Finoingley, West Rid. Yorks. 
No doubt originally Blackston or 
Blackstone ; cf. Buxton for Buck- 
stone. Of William Blackstone, one 
of the earliest episcopal clergymen 
resident in New England (d. 1675'!, 
a biographer writes: 'His name 
was variantly spelled Blackstone, 
Blackston, and Blaxton': DicLNat. 
Biog. V. 133. But It is not likely 
that Blaxton in co. York is the 
sole parent of Blackstone and Its 



variBDti. Doubtleas other places 
in South Englind of Ihe 
name have had their share ii 
ing up the list of surnames found 
in our modern directories. 
ArnPsBJacston, nx Combr, iJTt, i 
William Blaclulonc, co. Bucki. 
Edw. I. R. 

1579. Marm^ake Blackcton, co. I 
ham : Rrg. Univ. Oif. vol. IL pt. ii. a 

1635^ ]aiiiaBlakeMoiw.orBlackit< 
■nd *ltti3;_ Peacocke: Mairiage 


;ier|[aiwcl1, ii 

-Hugh Car 

l£6a M 

'*i'77& Mt...,_ ___. 

!___,...,. „. .. . ^ ,. ^ J,^ g^ 

London, Ot J. o, o ; Crockford, o, a 4, 
o; Philadelphia, 1, 1, 11. i. 

well,' B parish in co. Derby near 
Alfreton. (a)Local, 'of Blackwell,' 
a township in the parish of Darling- 
ton, co. Durham. Otherand smaller 
places could also be cited. 

Margery de Bfacwelle, co. Camb. 

llMmias Blakcwell, 1374 : ?. T. Yorki. 

l^^nU de Blakwell, 1379 : P. T. 

i.TO. Richard Blackwall, co. Daby^ 
Rw. IJniv OKf. vol. ii. pt. i[.j). 1J7. 
iSic. John BlackH-cJI, CO. diouc ; ibid. 

\Ki. Marricd-WilliaiDBlBckm'cIland 
Jeiniina FdwIc: St. Ceo. Uiap. MayfaJr. 

London, 14; Pbiladelphia, 11. 

Blades, Blade.— t BapL 't^e 

son of Blade,' An unquestloiiablc 
compound personal name occurs 
in the case of Gilbert' Bladewine, 
CO. Norf., 1273. A ; cf. Unwin, 
Goodwin, &c. 
JnliHna Blade, co. Hunti^ 1173. A. 

\Sli. RobcrlSladuL Clone Hall: Reg. 

Un5v. 0»(. i. j8q. ^ ^ 

i<7S' Randal! BladH, Clooc. Hall: 

■ 74.7. Macried - Ihninai Rnnn and 
Jane Black ; Si. Geo. Chap. Maylsir, 

London, ii^ o; Philadelphia, i, j. 
Bladesmlth. — Occup. ' the 
blade-am ith,' a sword manufacurer. 
Tlic 'CuttcllcrB, Btadesmythes, and 
Shethers ' went together in the 
York Pageant (York Mystery Plays, 

E.xxiii, ed.ToulminSmitli). Cocke 
orelle's Bote couples 'cutlers and 

bladesmythes.' ' Bladsmytl]e,sniHA'- 
/a*n-' : Prompt. Parv. 
John Bladexnyth. 

John Bladiiyih,~'s*aflhB 

Rabbit Raw, hlaydsm^^, ijjq. New 
a<ille-DD-Tyne (Litt of male popnlalior 
apabic ofbeatingainii): FPP. vol. ti.pp 

John Pvce, UadsrmlA, Norwich, 1489 : 

BlftdoD, Bladen.— Local, 'of 
Jladon,' a parish in Oxfordshire, 

I ear Woodstock. 
Walter dcBIadone, CO. OiC. TI7t. A. 
AEnei de Bladrne. CO. Oif.. ibid. 
Hufih dr Bladene, ■ "■■■■■ 

Married — Hei. 

1: St.D 

London, 1, □; Crockrord, 1 o : Boston 
(II.S.), 9,0; Philadelphia, o, 3. 

Blogbrough.— Local; V. Bute- 

Blacden, BlAgdoa.— Local, 

'ofBlagdon.* (1) A township in 
the parish of Stannington, co. 
Narthumberland ; (a) a parish in 
CO. Somerset, eight miles from 
Axbridge; cf. Slagg and Slack. 

t, I Edw. 

R ti^""' '' 

>lBckdcn : 

■ Back. 

; MDB.(co.Clo<i. 

Botton (l/.s!), I, 4 : New Yoik' 

BUgg, BUgga.— ? Nick. i|he 
black ' ((), from the dark hair or 
swarthy complexionorthenominee. 
A variant of Blsck, q.v.; cf. Slagg 
and Slack. Higgs and Hicks. Even 
Jack is found as Jagge in Piers 
Plowman's Vision ; c£ Blagrove 
for Blackgrove, or Blamire for 

ert Blaeje, co. Norf., 10 Hen. VIII : 
I BlagKi of Hacdeifield, 1617 ; 
lerine Biaef, of Bosden, psriih of 

London, 2. o; MDB. (eo. n 

I ;S4. Married — Wiltlam Bla» and 
Etii Reah : St. Gen. Han, Sq. i. jSj. 

BoMoo (l/.S.). o, 

Blagrore, Blagntve.— Local, 
'of BlagTBve,' a tithing in Ihe 
parish of Lamboum. CO. Berks ; lit. 
' Ihe black grove' ; v. Blagg and 

1661-3. Edward Homewood and TTia- 
mpr Blagrove : Marriage Alleg. (We«. 

ary Waller : St. Mary Aide™ 

Blake.— Nick. ; 

. Black. 

Blakebrough, Blakebo- 
rougb, Bl&gbrough.— Local, ' of 

Blackbo rough,' a parish in co. 
Devon, near CuUomplon. Pro- 
bably some smaller spot bore this 
name also in co. Suffolk. The 
lazified variant Blagbrough is com- 

iben de Blakebcrg'. co. SnlT.. il>!d. 
^jndon. a, o, o ; JJanchesler, o, o. 1 ; 
Philadelphia, 0,1,0. 
Blakemore. — Local ; v. Black- 

Local, • of Blake- 

ney.' (i) X^ small seaport on the 
coast of Norfolk; (3) a chapetry 
in Ihe parish of Awre, co. GIouc. 
qr, tmytk, I3n): 

neye, London, ii 

P, T. Yorki J 

Adam de B. 

Pelcr dc Blakeni 
1. R. 

Nirholaa de Blakney, co, Norf., 139J : 
FF. V. 101. 

EliuLbcth Blakney, co. Norf, 1515, 

Cl-id^rd, 4; New York, 4, 


lee.— Local, 'of Blakestey, 'a parish 
io CO. Northampton, four mites from 
Towcester. Blacksley isa modern 

'Joaepli WilKami Blakealey fiBoS- 
.8S5i dean ofLincoln, . . . wa. bom In 
the City of London. . . Hii paienti were 
Jeremiah GenrEc and Eliabeth Blakiley. 

: Did Nac 


Thomi _ . , . 

aniage Lie (London), ii, 140. 



ITTf. — SuDBrI Blakoly and Mary 
Jolly ; 8l Ceo. Hm, Sq. f. JM. 
London, l,i,o; Boilon tU.S.), o, 0, J. 

Blsmestar.— Nick. ' the blamer,' 
withfem.sufEx-M'fr; cf. Brewster, 
SpinMer, &c. 

Robert 1e Blaimi>liT, m. Camb., 
..7J- A 

BUmlre, Bl&mirfla, Blay- 
mire.— Local, ' of thebUmire," i. e. 
black mire, from residence thereby. 
A North-country name ; v. Myers. 

William de la Blamirr, E. and F., co 
Camb^ p. 163. _ , „ . 

I7«. Mairied— Francis Beraaid am 
Sanii Blamire : St. Geo. Cbip. May 
Uhemon, 1, o, o; New York, 1, o, o 
FfaiUdd|ihlih o, o, I. 

BUnoh, BlAnohe.— BapL ' thi 
son of Blanche.' Sometimes, n< 
doubt, a uickname answering ti 
English ' White.' 


Blanobflower, Branch- 

_oweP. — Bapt. 'the son of 
Blunchefleur,' AngL' white- Oower.' 
There 19 the story of 'Florii and 
Blancbcflour,' E, E. Text Society 

;rca raSo). Lower sets down 

e camipted Brancbflower as still 


jfiiS. GeonreBlanchaoiwr, eo. Soma.! 
Rtg. Unir. Oif. vol. ii, pL ii. p. 367. 

Fakh BLanchflower, teoip. Glii. Z. 

Gmrge Blanchflowct, of Kingalon, 

omi., lesj: Abilmrt of SotnerKUhire 

'Tbomai'"B1anchnincer, of Gouhnnt, 
Soma., |6SQ 

From Somersetshire the surname 
seems to have [ravelled into Devon- 

Baniabas Bbuicbflowrr, Myrtle Cot 



1 the I 

.Norfolk), 3. Oi 

Blonohfront. — Local, ' of 
Blanchrront,' from some spot in 
Nonnandy. Not a nickname, as 

iggested by Lower. 

' Blaanoefmnt, co. York, 

St Jat ClerktD> 

:. R., I Edw. IV. 

rah, d. Daniel Blandi . 

""Londwi, S. o ; PhiladSpliia, 4, I, 

Blaiiohard,BUiiBlianl,Bl(m - 
oh«t.-Nick. 'BUnchard.' O.F, 
tlanchart, wbiUsh. A sobriquet 
of complexion, and probably 
as a fontal name. It was usi 
the name for a white horse ) cf. 
Bayard, for a bay horse. 

'VppoD myileikblaiichard Lhn ritkM 

Nidbolaa Blaonchara, co. Lane., I; 
Lay SalBiidy (Ryland.), p. S. „ 

dilbrn BlaDcSard. co. Urn., Hen. 
Edw. I. K, 

William Blamdiard (nc), co. Som 
Edw. Ill : Kiiby'i Qn«t, p. ns- 

William Blaonc!.».d, CO. Wiltt, .>7j 

R«nnald Blonchard, eo. York, ibid 

Robert Blaunchard, ca Line. ibid. 

Willelmm Blaanchard, 1379: P. X 
Yorka. p. 136. 

Elena Blaanchard, 1379; it"d. . 

1587. Bttcied-Ann filanket; Kenaing- 

Jofan Blankpayn reprracntEd Cam- 
biMpe in Parl^ent: C.R., 30 Edw. I. 

■lie R?^ Mr.lwnbUn^, in ^™d<l"! 

Bland.— Local, 'of Bland,' one 
of tbe four hamlets of which the 
town of Sedburgh (co. York) U 
comprised. It is not a compli- 
mentary nickname, but distinctly 
local The name ramified strongly, 

Johaonea de Bland, 1379: P. T. Yorka. 

'ASrade Bland, 1.179; ■'■''1- 
Halilda Bland, 1179 1 ibid. 
WyOKrk dr BlanJ, 1379 ; ibid. p. 1+6. 
1753. Uaried - ^ward Bland and 
Eleanor Tnmbull : Si, Geo. Chap. May- 

iJindon,!^; Weat Riding Coait Dir., 
11; Ftiiladelphia, 9. 

BlAnkl 67. —Local, 'of Blank- 
ney,' a parish in dioc of Lincoln ; v. 
Blackley fora corresponding change 

Adam dc Blapckenay, co, Line, Hen. 
III-Edw. 1. K. . 


Blaanccfnint, co. York, ib 


Henry oe oianciruno 
ledf. Hen. III-Edw. I. 
Henry lUancfronL, co. 

. Bucka, ibid. 
Bedf., iJ7<. A. 
01, CO. Bcdf. Ibid. 
, FF. 
XX. 4. 


BUncbmains.— Nick, 'whin 

ind,' q. V. Lower says, ' Fr 
blanchis mains, "white hands.' 
From this peculiarity Robert de 
Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester, 
received nb sobriquet. It also 
became tbe hereditary surname of 
a family * (Patr. Brit. p. 30). 

Robert Blanchmaina. FF. 

Humbert Blancbmaina. PP. 

Blanohpaln,— Local , ' of B lanc- 
pain,' of which the English trans- 
lation was Whitebread and Whit- 
bread, q.v. Some spot in Nor- 
mandy. Blanchpain has a strong 
nickname appearance about it, but 
the evidence is against such a deriv- 

This last form 
sdll lives. 

London, 17, 4- >; Wert RidinK Coort 
-Dir., □, I, I i Fbilade^liia, », o, i. 

Aldwina ds Blancpain, co, 
ll-Edw.L K. 
Roger Blancpayn, «)■ Cai 
William Blancpain, co. Ci 
Bdmuid Blankpayn. u. 

Bfrka, H>^i 


London, 3 ; Philadelphia, 8. 

Bltiiika, BlanfcBon.— ' The ion 
of Blanch '(q.v.); a variant. 

tdij. TbomaaBlank,orBIanck,Gloac. 

all: Reg. Univ. Oxf.iii.3j4. 

The following two entries mani- 
festly concern the same couple. 

r6»6. Harried— John Croae and Elii. 
Blankson : St. Anibolin (London), p. 06. 

— lohnCrouand EMi.Blankii Mar- 
rUu-e Alleg. (CanWrljary), p. ,53- 

Loniloa, 4, o ; Fbdadelphia, i, o. 

Dl&thorwlok.— Local, ■ofBla- 
therwycke,' a parish in the dioc. of 
Peterborough and co. Northamp- 

Simon de Blatherwykr, rector of 
Norfolk, 1314 i Ff.™. 178. 
nied— John Blalherwick and 
" St. Geo. Chap. May. 

.,„-,. Robert Fo«er and Ann Bla- 
iber^Jick ; Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 369. 
London, 3. 

BlAxter, BlaoUster, BUck- 
iBtor.— Occup. 'the bleacher,' 
with fern, suffix -sitr-, cf. Bajtter. 
'Pleykstare, caiuhdarina' ; 'whyt- 
stare or pleykstare, caadidahui, 
caniiidaria ' ; ' bleystare or wyt- 
stare (bleykester, or whytsler). 



. NorF, 

', Gloai 

candidarius' (Prompt. Parv.). 
Robert Blutter appeared as de- 
Teudant in a Norfolk caae at the 
close of the i6th century (Pro- 
ceedings in Chancery, Elizabeth, 
i. 950). Both Blaster and Black- 
istor still exisL For masculine 
form, V, Blacker (3). 

MatildaBlaknter, London, 1173.. A. 
_ William le Blectnnen, co. Camb., 

' MnkBIe 

Icr. M. 

lahn d« (loiKrinl for 'If') Blutrr, 
bailiff of Norwich, 1186: FF.iii.Ti, 

l6oS.B>pl. — Thamai, Hn of^ Henry 
Blaiur: R». Deopham. era, NorT. 

Dcrbr, i.o.o; LondoD, i. o, o ; MDB. 
(Sofblk), o, □, I. 

Blase, Blaiay.Blasy.Blease, 
Blau, Blaae.— Bapt. > the son of 
Blaze.' Sl Blaise was the patron 
saint of wool-combers, and his 
festival (Feb. g) till recent days 
was faithfully commemorated in 
Yorkshire. A full-siied effigy of 
the bishop is carved in the principal 
entrance to the Bradford Exchange. 

As ( 

e Blaisi 

just managed to survive the Refor- 
mation. Gil Bias has immortalized 
the name in literature ; v. Puritan 
Nomenclature, pp. 93, 94. 

Gwidwinne; Sl Pctrr Cornhlll, p. 5. 



..„ — 'BliucWhvtaToMr».SuK>nnB 
righl, vMotB : Cantctbaiy Calh. 

' 'Jan, IM7. n™, pa*ed 10 Blaw for 
bravderln£a pavreor tWo for my Jady ft 
pjcc, lis': Priiy PnriE Eipenaei, 

■ Bi]L^^':'^t(!nt Roll, 10 Hen. 


ifan. So. i. 11. 
o; Philadelphia, 

BIbk Caryll, tmip. 160a : Vi«lalion of 
LondoiLidM. p. 144- . ^ 

1605. Bapt.— lameL i. Andrew BlaK : 
St. ]aL Clerken<»]]7>. 4A- 

1744. Marrird — JoMph Tack. 
Maiy Hkeie ; St. Gro. Han. "- ' 

London, < 

BleodiU.- Local, 'of Bteasdale,' 
a chapelry in the parish of Lancas- 
ter. The surname is still chiefly 
found in that district But it has 
managed to cross the Atlantic, and 
lives in Boston in a slightly varied 


John Bkaadale, of InklcinerEen, ia 
lolland, IliiQ : With at CtMCer, i. 11. 

Rol>«1 Bluidall, ofBoIUnd. i6ii : ilnil. 

Heniy Bicawliill, of Chrpin, ^urkand- 
tan, 1616; Lancuhire Will* at Rich- 
land, i. 16. 

Alice BleaidailF, of ChipEung, 1668: 

_: MDB. (CO.' Lancaxcr), 6, ix'b, o; 
bodon (U.S.), o, o. 1, I, 
BIanoowe,Blliiko. — Local, 'of 
lencowc,' a township in the 
parish of Greystoke, co. Cumb. 
The corruption into Blinko, found 
in the London Directory, is ex- 
plained by instances in London 
church registers. 

|<Q0. G«reE Blincoe and Elii. Fowler: 
Ma'ryi. jr Lie. (London), 




■ : St.MichHel,Conibill, p.ij. 

London, I, I : Oilard. 5, ry, 

iron, BlenUtom, Blsnkhome, 
BUnkhom, BUnkhom, Blen- 
kln,— Local, 'of Btenkame,' a 
township io the pariah of Kirkland, 
CO. Cumberland. The surname has 
spread far, and has assumed many 

(i >. 

BlenklDSop, Blenksnsop, 
BlankanBhip. BlanklnBhlp.— 
Local, 'of Blenkinsop,' a township 
in the parish of Haltwbistle, co. 

Antony Blencanaop, 30 Ric II : HodK- 
•on'i Nnnhuinbrriiind, I. 361. 

Ranulf de Blcnkenihope. 11401 ibid, 
iii. la^. 

The following spellings are 

' On Apri I ]3,I47<^ Bliiabclli Blynk kjne- 

ThomaiBlynkymko^te, ofBlyfikkmu^.' 
received a Rnrntl pardon : Hodgioii'a 
Nonhanbertand, iiL 13a. 

Why such a variety it is hard to 

Randoirde BJehtinistiop, co. NorLhon b.. 
Hen. III-Edw. I. K. 

1371. Charles'Watin.: 
Reg. Univ. Our ™l, if. pL ii. p. 34. 

1794. Mamrd-Th6iDai BiTnkimhip 
■□d Sarah Albn: St. Geo. Hu. Sq. 

Imidon, 4, o, o, o ; Penrith, o, o, o, 4 ; 
Philadelphia, a, I, o, o; BoMan (L'.S), 
Si o. 1, o 

BlennerhasMtt. — Local, ' of 
Blennerhassett,' a township in the 
parish of Torpenhow, co. Cumb. 

' Johannei dc Hayton qnofidam tennit 
. . . in Aldtrfnurh, ec quandam peciam 
lene in Blenerhayael,- 1£ Ric. H : ^. and 

' Thomas Bkone^anet, of Carljale ' : 
ibid. p. 83. 

'Thomas BlererhuKt, appointed rector 
of Hardinsham, co. Norf., at the are of 
I r. by tbr Ape'i riiapenntion' : FF. 1, 117. 

Jolin BlenerhayM (wrilem) to Thoimu 
Fayrfai. Feb. ai, 1371 : Cal. State Papers 

Bletsoe, Bletoo.— Local, ' of 
Blelsoe.' a parish in the county of 
Bedford, six miles from Bedford. 

Edw. Ill: 

'llti ibid. 


Blarln, Blethyn, BUt«d, 
t Blejthlng.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Blethyn' (Welsh). 'Meredith ap 
Blethyn was prince of N. Wales in 
the eleventh cenL' (Lower). 

' At ih> Sarvev we lee that Kinj; 
-ai Lord of thii manor (Mile- 

t by the juilt of William the 
1 also the cattle of Onrald- 
... ^ ... ^hropahiTv . . . which belone,^ 
to lleredith ap Blethyn, a Webhm.n or 
Briton'! FP.i. 16. 

Frederick Bk;thyn C. Hilton appean 
in the obitnaiy of Mancholn' Gaardian, 
June 10, tM& docended from Blelhyi 
de Hulton. temp. Edw. II. 

Robert Blewn, co. Norf., uTi. A. 

Lcn-elyn tpBledyn, Itit. H. 

Nich^aa BUthew;n,C. R, 41 Edw. til. 

' William Blethyn, hiihop of Landalt' 
write* to Sir Fraocii Walsnghuii, 



Feb, 3, tsjg: Rne, Offin, C»L Suie 
Pucn (DaoMMK), 1. 6iT. 

l6or-l. PhiJcmonBlelhin.DCLtiindaHi 
Rw. Uriv. Oif. vol. ii. pi. ii. p. i^L 

taina Blcvln, of CroMon, co. Lane, 
AlKWwiR/wn, i66g: WiJl* ■[ Chou-^ 
<ia6o-8o> - -- 

potlX i6a7 : aii£^i6il-so), p. a*. ' 

Aa will be seen below, tbe aaine 

il sttU reprciented in that diatricL 

For ■ ■harpened form, v. Plcthin. 

LlKnual, X o. 0| o ; SontlipoTt^ o. I. A 

rord,o, 1,0,0; K«>y«k(blin«).>oi 
fBkything), i. 

ZQew, Blue.— Nick. * (he blue,* 
blue of complexion or dreu. Cr. 

Waller Is Bko. E. 

Robert Ic Bl«. E. 

ijXi-i. HeniT Bine ud Uargiiret 
Facocke 1 Manut* Lie. (London), 1. loj. 

1700. Ban.— Thomu, ■. Jame* Bkw: 
SU Dkmii Backchort*. p. 159. 

IT4IS. Ha'ii«l-Ur. UaUew BlaklMon 
anij tin. Mary BIpw: St. Geo. Chap, 

tSoK. — Thomai Blue ud Blii. Bean : 
St. Geo. Han. 5q. ii. 396. 

London, I, a; New York, 3, 5; Phibi. 
delphia, s, "- 

Blewett, raewltt, Blnatt— 
Nick, 'bluet,' one of the many 
nicknames of com[dexion. In 
this cue probably from the dress. 
Fr. blHtl, > blue woollen cloth ; cf. 
BuTTell, Bumet, CawT7>aiBwry, 
dec 'Item, lego Gilberto Skut . . . 
togam meam de bluett fuir': 1437. 
Bury WilU(H.E.D.). 

Robert Bluet, CO. Bschi, » Edw. L R. 

Mm Blenit, co. Cloac., 1171. A. 

R^n Bluet, eo. Liv^, ibid. 

Walter- " ' ^- " ' 


', 1. K. 

lei. C. 

Reg. L'niv. Oil. toL IL pt ii, p. ili. 
159]. Koga Bluett, co. Ueron : i 

^i';M. Married- Jaoe* Blesetl 
Catherine QirtiH: St. Ueo. Chap. 1 

LiHidoii, I, 3. 4 ', Crockfbrd, a, 
BoKon<L'.5.), 3, o, o; Pluladelptia, o, 

BUek.-Nick. 'the blike,' pro- 
bably cognate with Blake > (a. v. 
BUck); v.BUke and Blick in H.E. D. 

John le Blvk, co. Son*., ■ Edw. Ill ; 
KirbT'iQneip. »ji. 

Riehatd le Blvke, co Soiu., I Eiiw. 
Ill ; ilwL 


1670. Leonard CIn-ke and Mi>7 Blkk : 
Harriare Uc(F>eul(v Office), p. 111. 

ifiu- Manjcd-Williani JohiiBn and 
Mary Blicke : Si. Peter. Comhill, L 1S9- 

London, a ; FhiladelpJiia, t. 

BUncL-Nick. 'the blind.' 

Rali^ le Blinde, co. Norf. 1371. A. 

i.f44-S. Sili-eiter Blinde . and Alice 

GawKe: MarrlnKe Uc. (Fantltjr OfficeX 

New York, 3 ; Philadelphia, t. 
ilinio.— Local ; v. Blencowe. 
BllBS. — Nick, 'of blithe dispo- 

John Bliaae, co. Bnck., iiTj. A. 
John Bline, co. Cant, ibid. 
i.»e. BipL— Ann, d. Richard Blbw, 
St Jamei Clerken.-elP i. ji. 
LondcD, 13 ; Philadelphia, 17. 

BllsMtt, BUmard, BUnard. 
—(1) I Nick, or personal name like 
Joyce, Bliss (L e. blithe) ; dim. 

BliwM (no MmameX co. Oaf., 1173. A. 

(al Local 

Hnih de Blejaet", eo. Omf^ 1173. A. 

175>. Uanicd — Joaeph Aliuard and 
Hary Baaiitt : St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair, 

London, 1, 5, o; Philadelphia, <^ 1, 11. 
BUnwanoh. — Nick, 'blithe- 

BUthe.— Nick. ; v. Blytli 

Blookor.— Occup. 'the blocker,' 
a maker of blocks for hats, a blocker 
or block-hewer. Also ■ blocker 
for shoemaking. The H.E.D. 
quotes : ' 1609. Finhers, Forestall ers, 
Regraters, Sutour^ Kemesters, 
Bloccers' (s.v. Blocker;. Hence 
blockhead, a duffer. 

Deodatna le Blokkere, 

Richud le Bkickhewefs. 

Blockley.— Local , ' of Bl ocklejr, ' 
a parish in co. Worcester, near arsh. 

GeoBn:y de Blockeleye, 

Fetraa de Blockelere, 30 E 

[aryL _.. _ . 

London, J ; Neir Yi 

BloCald, Blofield, Blowfield. 
— Local, ' of Bkifield,' a parish in 
CO. Norfolk, seven mifn from 

RIchafd de Blo6eld, rector of Whlar 
CO. Noif, 1349 ; PP. vii. it6. 

K. I : BBB. 

rf, IJ77: ibid, il. 110 

iam BloGeld. Norwich, 1489 ; ibid. 

■:yrJ. A childe of Richarde BloTcilde, 
bnned: Rejc- St. Uaiy AldenUTT 
(London), p. 14& 

1613. Bapt. — Marie BlorUld: St. 

ft«er, Cornhill, p. 61. 
London, 1, 1. o; MDa (Nori^olk), i, 4, 

Blomfield.— Local ; v, Bloom> 

Seld. London, 4. 

Blondel, Blocdell.— Hick. ; v. 

Blood, Blud, Blojrd.— Bapt 
' the son of Lloyd, ' from Ap- Lloyd ; 
cl Bethel), Benyon, Sec. Lloyd is 
fouad as Floyd, Flood, and Flud. 
The patroDymic became in a xiiiii- 
lar way Bloyd, Blood, and Blud. 
Tbe Manchester Courier, Jan. 8, 
1686, describes a trial at the Che- 
shire Quarter Sessions, in which 
a woman named Bythell (Ap-lthell) 
is accused of robbing a Icllinonger 
named Blud (Ap-Llud) ; cf. Bowen 
or Bevan |Ap.Owen or Ap-Evan). 
~ ~ ~ d— John Blood and Ella, 
er, Comhill, ii 81. 

.,^ — Iph Walker an (f Hannah 
Blood : St. Geo- Chap. Mavfair, p T73. 

London, 1, c^ I ; Philadelphia, iS, o, o. 
Bloodlettor. — Occup. ' the 
blood-letter, 'a barber^ur^on. This 
name is now obsolete, I think, and 
requires no explanation. The let- 
ting of blood was a cure for all 
manner of complaints with our 
forefathers. Mr. Lower mentions 
a Gold le Blodleter in the records 
ofYarmouth as living in the 14th 
century (Pair. Brit p. 3t). 

Thomai Blodleterc. co, Oif, 1173. A. 

u;:ii:,.» di ii-.rZ.. t 1— '^ 


llodleter, co. Soma., i Eiw. 
Ill : fvimy ■ Qocat, p. 30o, 

Bloom.^Local, 'of Brome,' a 
parish in the dioc. of Norwich ; or 
' of the broom ' — a manifest corrup- 
tion of Broom, q.v. — from residence 
near the plant so called ; cf. Furse. 
The Norfolk Blooms are all Brooms, 
For further instances, v. Broom. 

Henry deBrDiD,Tie*r of Girat Elling- 
ham, CO. Norf., iiii : FF. L 485. 

Sir Roset de Brome, of Brone Manor, 
CO. Norf. 1304 : ibid. iL 139. 

IJTS. FrancuF.vcrallan'fHaiTBkMDe: 
Marriage Lk. (London), L 6j. 

,y Google 


1133-4. Thoou Bloome and Agnei 
SleiDH ! MarriuK Lk^ (London), p. i>7^ 

tSo^. HuTiR^WiJliun Bloom uid 
Ann Voonir; St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. ]tl. 

MDB.<Ko[folkkt>; UKidoo, 5 i niUa- 
delphia, JJ. 

Bloomer, Blomer, Blumer. 
— Occup. 'the blixinier,' a worker 
atabloomery, orblooin-stnilby. The 
sumaiue is found in Ulveraton 
church register alongside Ash- 
bumer (q.v.), while remains of 
ancient bloomeriea are found in the 
woods throughout the district t 
' I57'i March i. Buried — Edmund 
Blomer, Ulveraton.' Reference is 
repeatedly made to these blonicries 
in the records of Furness Abbey 
(West's Ant. of Furness, 1714!. 

Johannn Biomere, 1379: P.T.Yorld. 

ibid. p. 

e lUrl 

tmirtA, 1379: ibid. 
;by, iltmir, 1379: 


*^WllilHm BlDma, 

1S7. Geo. Bk™ 
VaJv. Oif.vol ii. 

. York. .513 iW. II, 

O-Yorli. 151S: ibid. 

•ma. CO. ChHC : Rtg, 

.; N^Vork, 14, o, 3. 

Bloomfl«ld , Blomfield ,BIu&- 
derfleld.— Local, 'dc Blundeville,' 
protnibJy Blonville, a place near 
Pootl'Evequein Normandy. There 
can be no doubt as regards this 
origin so far as the Norfolk and 
Sunolk families of this name are 

'In 1^7 Thomai Blanderilc, Ban.. 
•Mtled ftlunvvk'i nuinar. ftc. on JoH- 
B I D m vy le. i n trnK for the Btd Tboma* ' 


' in 1490, Richard Blomfyle, or Blnndr- 
vllfc Eiq , had hii manoc aiid Hcverlond, 
and <lied aeiicd of Ihetn in 1603': ibid, 
p. 186-7. 

John d>! Blomenk, ri40, co. Norf.: 
PP. ii. 491. 

William dcBIundeille, iiSi, co. Norf. : 

WniiamdcBlumrilcco. Norf.. 1173, A. 

Henry BlonKfield, af FcnGdd, roil., 
17" ; FF. i.93. 

FnUKii Blomdicld, rcclot ol Ferafield, 

Ij6 : ibid. p. 101. 


and dani 

King, and danjrtii 

vj'le, who linld ieiuiuiiui. -uu u.^ 
Rlinaiuly, Jan. 7, 163S,' Newion Ch. 
CO. Norf : ibid. V. TO. 

iTTS. Samael Blomlirld [o Elii. Gootd 
Sl Geo. Han. Sq. L 185. 


Lower, writing about Blunder- 
field (v. London Directory^ says: 
' A corniption of Blondcville. This 
awkward and unpromising name 
was borne some years ago by a 
fanning bailiff al Bayfield Hatl, co. 
Norfolk • (Pair. Brit p. 3a). Oddly 
enough he does not recognize 
Bloomfield as a corruption. He 
says, ' Bloomficld, 1 village in co. 
Wore., and probably other locali- 
ties. Norfolk has long been the 
greatest habilal of the name ' (ibid. 
p. 3[\ Of course Bloomfield in 
CO. Wore and CO. Cumb. may have 
given rise to families of [his name, 
but in nine cases out of ten the 
derivation given above will apply, 
and is absolutely correct of the 
East- Anglian representatives. 

London, II, 4, < ; MDB. (SoSblk), 9, 

Blora, Soor, Bloon^ — (i) 
Local, 'of Blore,' a parish in co. 
Stafford, (a) Occup, ' the blower' 
(q.v.), a coiniption. But the local 
origin is manifestly the one to be 
chiefly considered, as Blore and its 
variants are very familiar to Staf- 
fordshire directories, and on the 
Cheshire border. 

1574-5. Kalph Blovre, Co. StaB. : Re?. 
UniY. Olf, vol. ii. pt. Ii. p. 59- 

161S. Ralph Bkion, orAibenon : Willi 
al Cheato (1545-1610}, p. ai. 

i6>5. Humphrey Bbirc and Alice 
ZaiKkie : HanWel.ic. (London), ii. i.M- 

16M. ManMr-William Blore ^ 
Marys Poynei: Sl. Jaa. CkrlieniKil, 

'"t^on, 3, 3, o 1 MDB. (co. StafTordX 

Bloaa. — Local, ' of Btois,' the 
well-known city in France. That 
the Suffolk Bloss is a variant of 
Blois is incontestable. 


de Bloin (nslaral (on ol King; 

FF. Wii. 358. 

Bloys, mayor of Yanoonlh: 

!' Bloia, died 1634, Norwith : 

idy ii aiyled Prudence 

BlDyle: ibid. ill. 40Q. 

in Bkwc,' I 



Thus the conclusion is inevitable; 
Bloss in the 19th century is but a 
variant of Blois of the lath century. 

MDB. (co. Saffolk), 1 ; New York, 7. 
Blossoio. — Nick, 'the blossom,' 
i.e. the flower (cf. Flower), pro- 
bably in a complimentary sense. 
'Blosme,orblossumJiOTM'; Prompt. 

HughBloKne,™ Suir, 1173. A 

Ro&rt Blovne, co. Camb., ibid. 

William BloBBe. co. Enex. ibid. 

Thomu Blotfom, C.IL, 10 Ric IL pt. ii. 

London, 1 i New York, 8. 

Blothunt— Occup. 'the blol- 
hunt' (v. Hunt, Boarbunt, &c), 
a huntsman who exposed himself 
to the chief danger in attacking the 
wild boar, slag, or wolf (I). This 
instance of the word is three cen- 
turieseariierthantheH.E.D.; 'In 
backgammon, an exposed piece or 
"man," liable to be taken or for- 
feited. . . 1598. Fiorio, Cacda, a 
hunting, a chasing. . . . Also ... a 
blotattabIes'(v.Btot, ]#.'). Perhaps 
the blot-hunt went afln- exposed 
animals, i. e. wild beasts that came 
under range of his arrow. Any- 
way the name is interesting to 
HumrrEy Ic Blothnnte, co. Berks, 

Blow. — t Nick. Probably a 
sobriquet for the then common 
horn-blower. Lower's suggestion 
is impossible. He aaya, ' Blow — 
a contraction of Bellew, Bellow, 
q.v. The parish in Norfolk popu- 
larly called Bio' Norton is really 
Norton-Bellear'CPatr. Brit p. 31)- 
The simple answer to this is that 

written Blower. Blow is the name, 
and Blow is what has to be ex- 
plained. As Blower and Blow- 
horn, and Homblower and Horn- 
blow, were then familiar sobriquets, 
it is quite possible that Blow was 
■ nickname. 

Heniv Blowe, co, Cnmb,, 1373, A. 
Iiabelll Bkme, co. Oif., ibid. 
William Blowe, co Od., ibid. 
lohD Blowe, CO. Soma, 1 Sdw. Ill: 
Kirby'i Qaot, p. 156. 

, Google 

1761. Married — John PnllrilL Md 
Fnnw Bkiir : St. Geo. Hui. Sq. iii. ii)& 
London, 6 ; New York, >. 

Blower.— Occup. ' the Mower,' 
probably a horD-blower ; possibly 
■n e»rly ' Woomer,* or charcoal 
burner ; v. Bloomer uul Asb- 

Hcnnr It BUwcr. eo. Lrnic., iju ; Lit 

Mabfia la Bloocr, co. fiiiGki, I3:» *- 
R»n' In Bknrrre, co, Saff., ibid. 

1779. MalhEW BJoiam, 1 
BourtoiKm-lhe-lul]. co. Glooc : 
Hilt. Ckmc □. ten. 


. I. i^ o, 


. Bio* 

' 1379: *■• T. York.. 

Ic Bloww', cfh Soma., i Edw. 

UnSr. Orf. 

1641. H . 

and Elinor Wright: 

LoDcbn, 4; Pfiilidclphta, i. 

Blowhom. — Nick. 'blow-bom,' 
a sobriquet for a bom-bbwer ; v. 

Gilbert Bkwbom, co. Line, 117]- A. 

Alicia Blawhom, 1379 : P. T. Howdeo- 

AltciB Blairhom, tnuUir, 1379 : P. T. 
Yorka. p. 139. 

Blows, Blowea.— Local, 'of 
Blois,' a city in France. It bos 
already been shown that the 
Sufiblk Bloss is a modem variant 
of Blois (V. Bloas). Another 
variant was Blows or Blowes. 

I4Q7. JoliB Bla« or Blowcf, r«lor of 
Slidton, CO. Nor<: FF". t. 171. 

Cf. William de Bloca (BloH?), to. Line, 

Blozam .BlozliaiD ,BIozsom, 
Bloxum, Bloxaome, Bloxome. 
— Local, (i) 'ofBloxham,' a parish 
in CO. Oxford ; (a) a parish, BIox- 
ham or Bloiholme, in co. Lincoln. 
Bloxsome is a somewhat curious 
variant. With Bloium cf. Ameri- 
can Bamuni for Barnbam. 

WI1JiamdeBlorHhBin,i».f>ir,ii7i. A. 

Aleundcr dr Blouni, co. OxU ibid. 

Alan dc Bloiham, co. Ott., ibid, 

CeoffrET dc Bloiham. co. Our., ibid. 

Aleundcr de Bloiham, co. I^nc, ao 

0,0,0,0; MDB. (CO. 
0,3, o: (CO. Hrrefotd), 
J,3, .,o,,>:fcwVork 
^oMon (CS.), Q, 3, o. 

Bloyd.— Bapt 'Ap-Lloyd,' i.e. 

'the son (if Lloyd '(v. Blood). Cf. 
Floyd, showing the difficulty to 
English people of pronouncing tbe 
U in Lloyd. 

Blubber.— Nick, ' tbe blubber,' 
i.e. [be weeper, or whimperer. 

WiJIlamleBlubBiT, CO. Orf., 117.. A. 

Nirholu Bluber, co. Oif,, ibid. 

John de pie) Blubure, co. OxU ibiJ. 

Blue J V. Blew. 

Blund.— Nick, 'the blonde," 
from the complexion ; v. Blunt. 

Flora U Blande, C R., 3 Edw. I. 

Blundell, Blondal, BlondalL 
—Nick, 'Blonder or ' Blundel,' 
the blonde, a sobriquet of com- 
pleiion, ' yellow-haired.' Fr. 
Blond or Blund (q.v.), with termi- 
natlve 'el' as in Russell and 
Burnell, all names of (he same 
class. > le Blund ' was the English 
register fom ; hence Blundell ii 
more common than Blondelt. A like 
change is seen in othercolournames 
found also as personal names ; cf. 
Brown, Bumell, and Burnett. 

Waller r' 


Q. O-r, I 

. A. 

3. Lcic, Hen. 

Geoff rev Blandcl, 

d*. L K. 

Nicboltu Bliindel. CO. Lane. 3u Edw. 

Robrn BlandrJI, co. Kedf., ibid. 
A.„i.rl.. Xlondelle. PP. 

. Blundelt, Pal. Roll, 1 Elii. 

Blondell, or Blanikll, 1456: 

reputed to 

CeoRrc]! da Bloa! 

MalUda de Bhnhoinie, co. Linc^ ibid. 

1691-1. Nieholai Bknun, co. Glouc ; 
Rei. UniT. Oif. toL iL pC. Ii. p. 4. 

i;ii. Married —Nathaniel Bloiham 
and Mary WctMet : Si, jaa. Clerkninil, 


Reg. Unl 

Blondel de Nesle is 
have been the (aithful 
Richard Caur de Lion. 

Three names of complexion, 

Russell, Plunket, and Blundell, 

have made themselves conspicuous 

amongst English cuuoty families. 

London, >i, 1, 1 1 BoHon (L'.S.), 3, o, I. 

Blunderfield. — Local ; v. 


Blunaiun, Blunsom.— Local, 
' of Bluntisham,' a parish near 
St. Ives, CO. Huntingdon, The 

corruption is a very natural one. 

140a. John Blnncoham, trctor of 
Snorine Tana, 00, Norf. ; FF. YiL 187. 

We next find the name entered 
Bluntsham ; 

1406. John BInntdiam, co. Notf. : PP. 
*■ 353- 

The last stage of modiGcation 
was inevitable : 

1661. Thomu BlnmuiiH! and Jane 
Lew|;u-: MarTiare Lie. (London), i). iN£. 

1734.,— 1^0, s. John Blonio.ii : 

St. Thomu the Aj^OMle (London), p. 79. 

■ inbunpion). 

Blunt, Blount,— Nick. • the 
blonde,'!, e. from the fair complexion 
of the nominee. Originally found 
as le Blound or le Blund. The 
early entries are very numerous. 
Melodiale Bloom 

It. 1'homu the ApoMle (Loni! 
London, i,a; MDB.Cco.Ndi 

hard le Blou 


Wilt^ ibid. 

u., I Edw. HI : 


Klrby°» Qi..., ^. .„. 

Johanne»Blonl,i379: P.T.Yotks.p.45. 

Ricatdni BInnt, iito: ibid. 

Ateelina le BlundT or Blunt, at. Norf., 
1I71 : FF. V. 498. 

1767. Married — Geotge Bloant and 
IiatellaTink-r: St. Geo.^in. Sq.i, 16O. 

1786. — Edmsnd White aad Ann 
Blaot ; ibid. p. 380. 

LoDdoD, 6, 6 ; Bouoo (U.S.), lu, 6. 

BIjrth, Bljrthe, Blytbmiui, 
BUthe.— (I) Nick, M.E. blMt, 
gladsome, happy, a sunshiny fellow. 
(a) Local,'orBlyth,'aparishinNar- 
thumb., also a parish in diocese of 
Southwell, Thiswouldnotexplain 
Blythman, which belongs (o (i), 
' Hr pnrpoa 4-u to have dcyned today 

Al Blyllie or Dankaslen.' 

Robin Hode, i. 149. 

William de Blithe, CO. 0<f,,ii73. A. 

WillelmoB de Blylte, 1379: P. T. York. 

Robert de Blythe, 




(3) Bapt 'thesonofBlithe'icf. 
Joyce, Lettice, &c 
Blithe de RvKford, lyj. 

. . l>hT},, n .. 

dckford (Btrtb- 

Dun), 1 ; t>hiUdclphi 

Boaler.— Occup. 'the bowler,' 
q.v. Seemingly ■ Yorkshire 
variant ; cf. Boalter for Boulter. 

Wot RidinE Conn Dir.^ a ; SbefGeld, 
}; Lrijndon, ) i PhilflilfJphm, 3. 

Boaltar.— Occup. ; v. Boulter; 
cf. Boaler for Bowler, 

Lonilon, i. 

Botur, Bore, Boor, Boore. — 
Nick. ' the boar.' U.E. ion and 
ton cf. Wildbore. 

Robert 1e Boor, FInaRoll, 14 Edw.II: 
Kirby'i Qnoa. p. nj. 

Richard le Bor, ox Sonu^ 1 Edw. Ill : 

rohnleBor. co.WilU, im. A. 
Rcgiiuld If Bar, co. Cainb., ibid. 
Riclurd le Bor, co. OxT., ibid. 

1800. Harried— Winiani Bore and Elii. 
Franklin : St. G«x Hun, &[. i). laS. 
London, I, <^ 1, ] ; PhiUdelphis, o, i, 

Board, BoardB.Bord, Boord. 
— Local, 'at the borde' (O-F, 
l>ord>), Crom residence therein. 
With the modem Board cf. Board- 
man and Boai^er, both from the 
Mine parent-wopd. A familiar 
West-countty surname. ' BotxU, a 
little house, lodginj^ or cottage of 
limberatanding alone in the fields' : 
Cotg, ; cf Fr. ' de la Borde.' 
Boards is the genitive, as in Styles, 
Brooks, Holmes, &c. 

Robert Bonrde, «>. Soon., i Edv. Ill: 
Kirby'i QqrM, p. iiS. 

'S97- William TByJor and Elkn 
Boards : MMrrioge Lie (London), i. 344. 

\fiU- Qapl.—Thon>a^i.Juiici Boord: 
KcnvipFlon Ch. p. aa, 

--'. Harried-John Board and Blii. 
_ Si. G«>. Oup. Hayfur, p. au 

1 i '■NF^vSi**' ''a°'' '*°^™' 

Boardolaaner. — Occup. ' the 
board- cleaner ' = dapifcr. 

P. T. Yorki p. J30. " 

Robenaa Biudecleoer, 1379: Ibid 

llarfama Bordckaer, 13791 ibid. 


cottager ; v. Boardnan. O.F. 
bon&ri Domesdaj, bordartus. 
One who tenanted a cottage at his 
lord's pleasure, rendering meDial 
service; v. Bordar, H.E.D. 

WillloDi le Border, co. SoniL, 1 Edv. 
Ill : Kirt>T'» Qoot, p jj6. 

1570. Marmd — Peicr Bowrder anri 
Frandi Browne: Sl JaK CkrkeBweil, 

1647. — Tlunnai Hapaonne and Ellt 
Bordder : St. Mar; Ahfrrmary, p. aa 
London, i, ), i ; Pliiladelphui, o, 4, a. 

Boardmaii, Bordnuui. — 
Occup. 'the boardman,' a bordar, 
a cottager, a tenant in bondage. 
Found in the LatiniaQd form bomi- 
manniit. A villein ot Ibc lowest 
rank ; v. Boarder. 

1588, Cmive Bordman to MarMwl 
Uil/ord : SLTEonai tbcApiiaJe [L<in%n), 

1678. TfaimiB* Bordnan uid Anne 
PliiDippei; MairiaEi: Lie. (London), iLjQ. 

idith-ao. Samnel Bordman, co. Lane: 
Reg. Univ. Oif. vol. 1i, pt It p. 381. 

iBm. William Ivai and Anne Board- 
man : Marriage Lie. (LondonX p. » 

Samnel Bo Anas, Noraich, 1657: FF. 



(all : St. Geo. Han. Sq. L ( 
*" " o; UDB. (Nor 
I, 14, o; Bono. 

Boardwrlght. — Occup. ' the 
boardwright,' a carpenter, a maker 
of tables and chairs, &c., probably 
to distinguish him from the ark- 
wright, wainwrighl, wbeelwiight, 
and plow-wright. A surname long 
obsolete, I fear. 


Rubenni Bnrdewi^h, 1379: ibid. 
p. 156. 

Bo&rhiuit. — Occup. or official. 
A hunter of the wild boar, a hunts- 
man. H.E. Intuit, a hunter (v. 
Hunt) ; V. Blothunt. 

Henrr Borehnnt. D. 

Tknnui le Borhudt (Ike li!i 
WardrotM Account, 3 


BoRtmHn. — Occup. ''the boat- 
man ' ; cf. Bargeman. ; • 

JHtryBomnan, rector of Wood Norton, 
CO, Nor*,, iJJo: FF. vi».,Vi6. 

Nicholu Baieman. rector of Caitor, 
co.Norf., i}36; ibid. il. 111. 

15M. Bapt.>-Richanl, a. John Bounan : 
St. laa. derkcBwrll, i. 3. 

1054. Ur. John Boalinan.apper mlniiter, 
on tbe donation of the fEOflM(Narwicli): 
FF. iv. 1S9. 

London, 1; FliiladclpliiB, 1. 

Boatawaln.— Occnp, ' the boat- 
swain,' one who held the tiller ; cf. 
coxswain, i. e. cogswain, from €tig, 
a boat (V. Swain). 

Rirhaid 1b Botnryn, Itoi. H. 

EdwardBot>winc.tein|^EIii. Z. 

n. Sq. L 3S9. 

BoatvUlalo. — Occup. ' the 
boat-villain,' B boatman ; cf. Boat- 
swain, Boatman, and v. Villain. 
There was nothing strictly uncom- 
plimentary about the title ; v. 

William Balc>illein.oa. Nolti, 1171. A. 
Richard Botrvileyn, co. B«df., ibid. 
Roga Botei'ilryii, co. Line, ibid. 

BoBtwrlgtat, Botwright, 
Bontrlght— Occup. 'the boat- 
wrigbt,' a ship-carpenter, a boat- 
builder. ' Botwrytbe, botewright, 
HavKutarins ' x PrompL Parv. 

Ann Hiller: St- Ceo. Han. Sq. i.400. 

London, d. 3, i ; MDB. (Norlolk), 1, 1, 
□ ; Fhiladelphia,i,4a 

Bobbett, Bobbet.— Ba(it. 'the 
son of Robert,' from the nickname 
Bob, whence the dim. Bobbelt; v. 
Bobbin (a\ In the same way 
Rob was the nitiname of Robert, 
with dim. Robet. 

Robert Robel, co. Soitl*., I Edw. Ill : 
Kirby's Qneai, p. loi. 

Bobbett is still found in co. 
Soma., indeed it is the chief home 
of the name. 

I Evina 


b^i^ibil"T' ^'^ 

London, ^of MDB. (co. Soon), 11 
New York, a. 1. 

166S. MarrL. 

ElitBobiu; Sl.Ja(.CI«kenii«ll,iiL 14U 

c , shellroaand Uanka 

Chap. Uavrair p. ic. 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 


binp,' ■ pftrish nrar Millon, co. 
Kent (a) Bapt (1^ ■ the sod of 
Robert,' from the nick. Bob,wheDce 
the dim. Bob-in, and with the 
crescent g Bobing ; cf. Jennii _ 
q.v. PoasiUjp bobtin, the wooden 
pin on which the thread is wound,' 
is thus derived, [he custom of giv- 
ing such articEes penonal names 
' being common (v. Jack); ' Bobine, 
a qui] for a spinning whecle ' 
(CotgO ; cT. Robin and Robins, 
also from Robert 

o. Camli.p IJ7J. A. 

Bobby.— LomI, 'of Boby.* Bob 
is almost unknown as a nick, of 
Robert in the somame period. 
Hob was the household nick, all 
over the country. But v. Bt^bett 
Even there, however,! have scarcely 
any instances to record. Probably 
Bob came into fashion among Ibe 
* upper ten' later on, just as Jane 
took the place of Joan in aristo- 
cratic cirdes, when every kltcbcQ 
wench was called by tbe latter 

Odwt de Bobr. m Line, Hcary III- 
Ed*. I. K. ' 

Diua Hrnky ; Sc Ceo. Han. Sq. i. j8S. 

Book.-N>ck. 'the buck; be- 

goat, &c. ; T. Buck. 

William Bocki, ro. Soma., 1 Edw. Ill: 



""nt j.ri " 


llioniiu Ar Q \t) BiK, CO. Can 


si'K^St. Jai Cterk«.«it i* 


,1583-4. Fran™ BKke. CO. Wo 



3; PbilB. 


Bookatt-BapL -the 

ton of 

Bokard/one of the many 
Burcbard ; v. Bucketu R 



less, in one case the preBx dt is 


used, suggesting riocal origin. For 
this, V. Boycott. 

iKlda fil. Bochard : Dmion'i dtrntoi 

PHcr Bokard, co. Voilc^' 

Richard dr Bochnnl, CO. Brdf., iJTt A. 
Thomai Bokell. M.A., rjii: Rw. 

1517. Buried— John Bokett : Sc Dionii 

Booking, BooUngB.— Local, 
' of Bocking,' a parish in co. Essex, 
near Braintree. 

Boddington, Bodlngton. — 
Local, ' of Boddington,' parishes 
in COS. Glouc and Northampton. 

Robert de Bodintoo, co. BnckL 90 
Edw. I. R, 

ITOJ. Harried— William Strenftfllow 
and Pnnca Bodinfloa: St. Maiy 
AldHiiuiQr, p. 38. 

1739. Burled— Ann BodinMon ; Si. Joha 
(he BauiM, lA'allhrook, p. 110. 

I7S1. lUrricd-Thomai Collyet and 
EILi, Boddinglon: St Ceo. Ch..p. Hay 

London, 6, 1 ; 

BoddoM, Bodd«i].— Local, ' of 
BoddeD.' I cannot find the spot 

RIehard Ot Boddene. to. Soma, t Edw. 
ttl: Kirbr'a QueiL p. iiB. 

iDlin de Boddene, co. Soma, ■ Edw. 
Ill: ibid. 

London, 1,0; BoMoo (l>.S.),o. I. 

Boddy ; V. Body. 

Bodan, Bowdan.— (i) |tapL 
' the son of Baldwin,' popularly, 
and under French influence, Bodin 
and Boden (v. Bawden) ; cf. Godin 
for Godwin, q.v. 

Bodin de LanphalL eo, Qrf., 1173. A. 

BoyedinudeCaanl,co. Line., ibid. 

Bodvn de KanI (London cititen), ibid. 

Wafler Bodui co. Oit, ibid, 

UallWver, d. Boden Motile, itSS: 
Reg, St. Columb Major, p. ij. 

Kiebow, d. of Boden Uoylle. I jgi : ibid. 

Tbomu, « ol Bawden Mobile, I5<jj : 
Margaret Bowden, t6oo: ibid. 

15S1- Elii. Bou'den, of Bowden, atdaa : 
Willi at Chener, p. 1^ 

ijSj. Thomai Bodm, co. Derby : Reg. 
Lniv. OiF. vol. ii. pt- ii, p. tag. 

'S9i- John Boden, orChjlder.ThorBton, 
iuiiandmaii ; Willi at Clieder, p. 11. 

1694, Bipt— Thomai, a of Bodwitir 

IS6)I. John Bodenham, Han Kail: 
Ren. t'niv. OmF. toI. iL pt. ii. p. 30. 

MDB. (CO. Sgrni.), I. 

Bodgrar.— Occup. ; v. Botcher. 

Bodkin.— BapL 'the son of 
Baldwin,' from the nick. Baud, 
dim. Baudkin. A Flemish intro- 

cher, London, 1173. A. 

jchn Bodychen, 1613 

Depotilionl, CO. Lane., p. 


Bodley, Bodllly. Bodely.— 
Local, 'of Budleigh.' Two parishes 
in dioc of £xeter, in which district 
Boditly is well known, and whence 
Sir Thomas Bodley, the founder of 
the Bodleian Library, sprung. His 
father was a Bodleigh, ' descended 
from an ancient family of Bodleigh, 
□r Budteigh, of Dunscombe-by> 
Crediton' (Diet Nat Biog., v. 994;. 
The origin isthusclearlyapparent 

William de Bodele, London, w Edw. 
I, R. 

John d* Bodet, CO. Camb., 1173. A. 

Dennii de Boddelefh, co. iJcvon. au 
Ed<r. I. R. 


inrton Ch. 

[be Apuatle (London), p. _,- 
...ied— Stephen Bodily; Ken. 
Ch, p. 13a. 

; 'phiUdelphia, 4, o, i. 
Local, ' of Boden- 
ham,' a parish in dioc. of Hereford. 
One of a small but distinct class of 
corruptions; cf. Deadman, Putman, 
from Dclwnhain, Puitenham, Bic. 
Bodmin will suggest itself, but I 
find no evidence 10 confirm this. 

IJgS. Chriilopher Whilterldge and 
Margaret Bodium : Marriage Lic- 
(Lgodon), i. «?■ 


• 6i7. MiiH«l— Thomu Bodnun and 
VrcyU>-c (Vm::i) Watiwoith : St. Diwii 
Badkdiqrch, p. a. 

London, 4 ; Kcw York^ i. 

Body, Boddy, Bodd. Bode. 
— Bapt. ' Ibe son of Baldwin,' from 
Ihe n[ck. Baud or Bodd, funiliBrly 
Boddy. From this nick, were 
tbnned Ibe dims. Bod-in (v. Boden), 
Bod-kin (q. v.), and Baudet. It 
is only by realizing tbe eoormous 
popularity of Baldwin that we can 
understand the marvellous impress 
it has made on hereditary nomen- 
claiure. Perhaps in some cases 
Body or Boddy represented the 
dim. Baudet, of which I furnish 


John'Sodde, co. Somil '"'Ed*-. Ill; 
KiTb/.Q»»t,p. 114^ 

Baudet le Musanr, m. Gtouc. I1K9- 
i>9».- HouKhold Eip., Bahop SviHnfieJd, 
Cam. Soc, p. 144. 

1544. Married-Williain thwell and 
Marianl Body : St. Antholln (London), 

London, 4, 4, a i ; Phnaddphia, t, 5, 
I, o; N«-lftrJL (Bode), .3. 

Bodyooftt— Local , ' of Bod icott ,' 
a chapelry in Ihe parish of East 
Adderbury, near Banbury, co 
Oxford. Bodycoat is imitative. 

Robert de Bodknt, CO, Oif., uji. A. 

Waller de Bodicot, co. Oif., ibid. 

1617. Humphrey Bodicot: Reg. Unit 
O.f. i. jai. 

Philadelphia, i. 

BofTey.— NicL ' good faith.* 

J6sa. Nichnlu Bonfov and Mar^ 
Sheptieird : Morriaee Lie (Faculty 
Office), p. 45- , 

l6Vi. Bapt. — Loetilii 
Bonfor : St Thomas 
(London), p. 60. 

trai. Marrird-Thomai AldKdge and 
AnnBoHey: St. Geo, Han. Sq. li. 105. 

London, 1 ; Philadelphia, i. 

BofBa.— Nick.'bonGn,'a name 
of endeanneoL Bon, good ; JiH, 
fine, delicate. 

Wiliiam BonFyn. C, B., 41 Henry III. 

Thomas Boffin, ro. Oif., ijii. A. 

John Bofyn, co. Oil., ibid. 

The two last entries are printed 
Boliin and Bofyn (i,e. s not/), but 
I strongly suspect this is 
reading of the text. If it 

3 familiar to Oxford 

itizens existed in the vicinity six 

;nturiea ago. 

1764. Married- JamM Rime* and Ann 
uffin : St. G™, Han, Sq, i. 110. 

MDB. (co. Oif,), I ; Boaion (U,S,), 1. 

BofllL— Nick. ; v, Bonfils, 

Bogg, BoggB.— Local, ' at the 
b(^,' from residence thereby. 
Boggs is genitive, as in other 
monosyllabic local names, such as 
Styles. Brooks, Sykes, Holmes, 
&c. Boggs therefore-BoKg's, i.e. 
Bogtr's son ; el. Jones, Williams, 
Perking, &c. 

John alte Boeee, co. Sonu,, I Edw, III : 
Ki^rby'. QanH^p. 146, 

Robert Bogs, CO. Soma., i Edw, III : 

Nicholu Borrea, co. Somi., i Edw. 
Ill : ib'A. p, nS. 

1617. Bapl.-Nauneel, ■. John BoKgeai 
St, Aichael ComhitI, p, iiT, 

London, l.u; Bouon (U.S.), o, 6. 

BoUnd.— Local, 'of Bolland,' 

Bold, Bolda, Bolt-(i) Local, 
<at the bold.' A.S. boU, a dwel- 
ling ; cf. Danish bol, a small farm. 
In Lancashire, more specifically ' of 
Bold,' a township in the parish of 
Prescot. No doubt the origin i 
the same. 

Robert ds BoMe, co. Lane,, » Edn 
Bolde, CD, Oif,, 117.1. A. 


ikSi. Married— John Coppe and Saiah 
Bo(d*lnBiibid.p. i.ifi.^"^ 

London, 4. 5, o ; Philadelphta, g, o, 3. 

BoldarBon ; v. Balderson. 

BolltbO,—! Local. A common 
Comish name, and no doubt locaL 

1671, John Bolilho and Ann Coi: 
MaTTlBee Ue. (Faculty Office), p, 117, 

Peniancr, 1; Plymouth, i, 

BoUaud. BoIaiid.-Local,'of 
Bolland,' Bolton-by-BolUnd (or 
Bowlaad), a village parish about 
six miles from Clitheroe. The in- 
stances below are mostly taken 
from the near neighbourhood. 

RobertBide Bo(h!and,ij79: P,T. Yorkj. 

'Tho'miiadcB«iiland.i179; ibid.p.igi. 

RobertDi de Buwlnnd. 1379: ibid. p. 19:1. 

Agnn deBovtand, 1370: ibid, p, '59 

ThDmiu Bolland, of Honaton, i.sgj: 
Villi at Cheater {im<-i6jo), p, >S, 

"■-■----IBollandofAf'--- -'- ^•->- 

Johan de In I 
Ellas de la B 

Henry Bold, of Bald, leolt : it»d. 
(a) Nick. ' the bold.' 

RichHrdleBo!de,™,Will»,117.(. . 

Robert le 

1^, I ed«'. Ill 
rWew Yotk, 4, I, J . 

le Bolde, CD, Oif., lUif, 
Bolde. R. 
Bolt, CO, Oir, 
nouerx .^P-- -- ■"' — 

Liverpool, 6, 

Bolden, Bolding, Boldln.— 

BapL ' the son of Baldwin,' popu- 
larly Bolder, or, with excrescent i, 
Bolding : cf. Golden and Golding 
for Goldwin, an exact parallel. 

11 Bolden, CO. NoTf,, 1 Ed«. VI 


Hillier i 

: New Yorl 

IJ<15- Ma' 
Bolland: Sl. 

^Vat Ridine Court Dii 
cheater, i, o ; London, o, 

Bollen. — Local, 'of Boult^ne ' ; 

V. Bullen, 

1611, Daniel Bollen, or Boolen. co, 
Ebci : Reg. Valv. Oif, vol, ii. pi, ii. p. t'-J. 

i64'. BapL-Phebe, d. Daniel Efolien, 
petty canon : CanteibBiy Calh. p. 9, 

Boiling, Boling,— (0 Bapt. 

'thesonof Boiling"; cf. Harding, 
Browning, &c. 

William Boliynt CO. Soma- 1 Edw, III: 
Kirby'. Que.t, p.' 14. 

(3) Local, 'of Bowling,' q.v. 

1519, Chriitttpher Herd a 

iaire Lie. (London' 

Married-Thomaj C™. 
eBallinge; St, UaryAld 

BolllngtoD.— Local, 'of Boll- 
iogtoD.' (i) A township in the 
parish of Rosthern, CO. Ches. ; (9} 
a township in the parish of Prest- 
bury, CO. Ches. Tlie place-name 
is derived from tbe little river 
Boiling, which flows through this 

Willelmns de Bolyngton, 1379: P. T. 

Hugh Boltineton, of BsglsKlon, co. 
Che*: 1613 ; Will at Cheater, i, «- . 

1561. Married— Jamei Bollinnnn and 
JoneKenricke: P(e*tbuTyCh.(ca.Che*,), 

D,y.:,.eQ by t^OOg IC 


i<k>5. Manird— John BolJinrrioD and 
Janr Jaaon: Pieiibu[yCh.(co.XheihirE), 

'' I'Ss. - Daniel Mack Biin u>d Mary 
B(ilin|>lan : Sl Ceo. Han. Sq. L iji. 
London, I ; BotuD (U.S-X '- 

Bolflovar. — Local, ' of Bolao- 
ver,' a village in co, Derby. 

ijif. Married— William W«vet and 
EliL^olaover: St. Geo. Han. S>|. i..ii6. 

.77J. - John Hayd™ and Jemima 
Bowtiover: ibid. p. iM' 

MDB. (Dcrbyi.), 3 i (Chcahire), I ; 
Mancbeiter, 1. 

Bolster; V. Bowlrter. 

Bolt: V. Bold. 

Bolter. — Occup. ; v. Bouller. 

Bolton, Boulton, Boltan.— 
Local, 'of Bolton' or 'Boulton,' 
parishes, townships, and chapel ries 
In various counties, mostly in Lan- 
cashire, Yorkshire, Cumb., and 

Midiael de Boulton, m. York, n7i. A. 

Thomaa de Boallun, or Bolton, co. 
Line. ibM. 

Richard de Bonlion, co. Nonhiunb., so 
Ed*. I. R. 

A(!nei de Bollon, 1379 : F. T, Yorki. 

iiSm^ HoDhBnolton, orBooltor 

Staff. : fiw. Lliiv. 0»f. vol. ii 

1766. Married — George _.._ 

Ann Bovker : Sl. Geo. Han. Sn. i. uti. 

ITTJ- — George Boulton ana Sophia 
Morgan: il»d. p. 3». 

Lwidon, j8, w, o; Philadelphia, 39, 
7. i. 

Bonam7. — Nick, correspondine 
to English 'Goodfellow,* q.v. 

WilliamBoitamir, CO. Salop, 1173. A. 

Roger Bonamy, tagj. M. 

1603. Baried — Fraanci*, i Jacob 
Bonnmee: St. Jaa. Clerkenmll, iv.X6. 

i69>-3, Lonii BrUin and Mary 
Bonairy: Uaniage Alleg. (Canterbniy), 
p. 150. 

BonaTenture. — Nick. IVi- 
b»bly a kindly wish ; cf.Goodspeed. 
It is found, as might well be ex- 
pected, asaput^uivanfa sobriquet. 

'Boyinr-Aventarr, pannivant of Sii 
Thomiii Hoo' ' : Wan of England in 
Franc,-, Hen. VI. 

jDl4Bonarentare. H. 

Probal>Iy it was tratisfetred 10 
lCngU4d by the merchants. 'Fsir- 
-,-c' (q.v.) ako existed. 

ii. p. 167 

ind and W™i3[ 

Grand, merchf 

C R., 17 Ric. 

Ne* York, 3 

Bond, Boiid«.— (i) Bspt. 'thi 
son of Bond,' v. Bonder (Yonge, 
Glossary). 'There are several 
persons called Bonde in Domes- 
day, one of whom is somewhat 
con Iradictorily called " liber homo " ' 
[Lower), For meaning, v. (a) 

Bonde Bril, eo, Noif., 1173. A. 

'Richard AEhton v. Ronr Bondemm 
and John Stelle,' 1353; Croston's edit, 
of Bains' Lane. 1 149. 

(3) Occup. 'the bond,' a house- 
holder, a husbandman, a boor, one 
under the tenure styled bondage. 

EmmaleBonde, CO. Hunin UT), A. 

Robert le Bonde, CD. Wore, ib(.l. 


^Bondt CD. Sonu., 1 Ed*. Ill : 

lonndE, CO. Somi., 1 Edw. Ill ; 

"LoSdo^,"'ii(,o; Nil. York (Bonde). a ; 
Phibdelphia, 96, o. 

BoDdnuui, Bomnan.— Occup. 
'the bondman'; v. BoDd(9). Bon- 
man is a modified form. 

William Bondman. XX. I. 

NicKolaa Bondeman, CO, Soma , i B<lti'. 
Ill : Kirby'H QmW, p. 114. 

Philaderphia, i, □. 

Bone,— (i) Nick, 'le Bon,' cor- 
responding to English Good. 

John le Bon. O. 

bnrandle Bon, 1303, M. 

Edward le Bone, CO. Oxf., TI7). A. 

John le Bone, co. OiL ibid. 

'rhomu le Bone, co. Oif . ibid. 

RogerBone, co. Kent, 1173. A. 


Simon de la Bone, CO. Line, Hen, UN 
Edw.L K. 

London, 13 ; New York, 4. 

Boneoora. — Nick, correspond- 
ing to English Goodbody. 

Manellai Bonecon. E. 

John BonCDia, co. Soma, 1 Edw. Ill : 
Kirby-iQoen, p. n*. 

Bonehill, Bootalll. Boaell, 

Bonnell, — Local, 'of BaDehill,'a 

township iti the parish of Tam- 

wortb, CO. Stafford. The variants 

well known in the county. 

I. John Bonell. I 

V. Oil. 

lomas Bonnell, c 


Robert Bonnell, of Littleton, ifgu: 
Willi at Chester {n^5-i()jOLp 13, 

Uary'boneal: Sl.'jos. Cletkenuell, 

176S. — Joaqih Bonell and Mary 
Sailer : St. Geo, Han, Sri. i. 173. 

MDB. (CO. StalTDidX 1, t, 1, ■ ; Man- 
Philadelphia, a,'u, Di 4. 

Bonfellow. — Nick. ' Good- 
fellow,' a half translation of Bon 
compagnon. Robert Bonefelaa 
(Pardon's Roll, 5 Ric. II) is a still 

' John BonyfeloB-e, a (cholar of Cam- 
biidgr,' examined on oath, Feb. 9, 1^7.1 : 
Kec. Office, Cal. State (Do<nc>tic) Papers, 

■^ t';«kford, .. 

BonfllB, BoflU.— Nick. 'Good- 
son,' an expression of endearment, 
' My good lad' ; cf. Bellamy and 

' " Beoofilt" oBod hii fader." 

Piers I^wnian, 4SK). 

Hagh BeanGti, ca Camb., 1173 A. 

Witiiim Bealitj, CO. Camb., ibuL 

W'lliam Beaaiu, co. Waruick, Hen. 
III-Edw. I. K. 

Richard Beanfia, C. R., 33 Edw. III. 

161B. Buried - Elizabeih Bofyll: Sl. 

I7i<l. John BeauGlla: St. Aniholin 
(London), p. 130. 

171H. HWed- Henry Godde and 
Eliiabeth BeauGeldi : ibid. p. 141. 

London, o, 1 ; New York, 1, o. 

Bonfortune. — Bapt. or nick. ; 
cf. Bonavcnture and Fairavenlure. 

Feb. 9, ISIt)-IO : Reg. L'niv. Oif. i. 1 la. 

Bonham.— (t) Nick. ' le Bon- 
homme,' i.e. 'the goodman,' the 
cant name for a begging or mendi- 
cant friar (the order came int< 
England in the 13th century; 
' Bonhom, a religious man, bai 
hommr,' 1530: Palsgr. (H.E.D.) 

Agne*. relicta Bonhomme, co. On 


, CO. Can 

(a) T Local 'of Bonham'(t). I 
nnoE lind the spot, and strongly 
suspect that the ' de ' in my first 
*astance below is a misreading of 
le' through the fact that the sur- 
lame looks local. 
Maurice dc Bonham, ea Someraet, 
J7J. A. 




I5c)7 Ridunj Rcf. 
I'mv. 0»f. vol. il. PI. ii p )»a 
London, 4 ; Phitailelphia, 5. 

Bonifiwe.— Bapt. 'Bonifacci'i.e. 
'well-doer'; the name of ■ nurtjr, 
and also a pope (Yonge, i. 384 'j ; a 
cant term now for the hoit of an 
inn, not from bis round rubicund 
face, but from 'the jovial innkeeper 
in Farquhar's Beaux' Stratagem, 

Archibald Bowfscr, co. KoiL iiTi. A. 

Ernald, at. Oif., iWd. 

BonirHit attF Foule. co. Som, 1 Edw. 
Ill: Kirby'iQuMt, p. >91. 

Bonyface Mooryi and Jackamyh K1-I- 
itcrley, married. 1543: St. Dloaia Back- 
rhurch, London. 

' Booefacc Blonde]), sop. for B.A., 1436: 
Reg. Univ. Oif. I. M. 

1606. Bofied— Boiiif»CFTalani,«'B/o*i-, 
■ hoe dwelte in matlcc laine : Si. Peter, 
Comhill. ^ .61. 

Boniface of Savoy, archbishop 
of Canterbury (d. 1970), would give 
an English impetus to this name, 
just at the time when surnames 
were becoming hereditary' 

London, i; tlDa <«. Souu), •); 
Fh.ladelphia, 1. 

BoBifimt, Bonnnfont.— Nick, 
'bon enfant,' corresponding to Eng- 
lish Goodchilil, a tenn of endear- 
ment; V. BullivanL 

London, 1, o ; BoUon (U.S-X c^ i' 

Bonjohn.— Nick. 'Good-John.' 

V. Bunyan, and cL Litllejohn, &c, 

Dnnund le Bon-joban, CO. Line. 

bajiJiMi {inlhoBi nraamc), co. Line., 

John Bonjohn, London. X. 

Bonkan. — Kick. An eipression 
of endearment, 'good little one'; 
cf. Bonfils and Bonfellow. 

John Bonckyn, co. Suesci, 1J73. A. 

Bonnell; v. Bonehill. 
Bonner, Bonnor. Boner.— 

Nick. ' the debonair ' ; bottair, 
civil, gentle, courteous \ spelt also 
boiure ; v. Kyng Alisaunder, 673a, 
&c. (Halliwell) ! cf. O.F. dtboHtrt, 
diboMain, i.e. de bon aire. Lower 
remarks that 'Bishop Bonner was 
an excellent iUustraCion of Horace 

Sm ith's dictumtbalsurnames"even 
go by conlraries'" CP*tr- Brit 
34). ' In sykenesse and in helthe 
I be boneere, and buxum in bed 
and at bord tyll deth us depart': 
Missale ad usum Eccles. Sarum 
[N.andQ. i857,p. 397). 
William le Bonere, en. OiT., 1171. A. 
Alice la Bonerr, co. Honu, ihiJ.' 
Waller Bonere. co. Bocki ibid. 
Juhannea Booer, 1379= P. T, Yockt 

i«7. Georre Bonnrr, CO. Glonc. : Rejr, 
L'ni "oif. vA. ii. pi. iiV ?4- 
■ .■!7>(' John Bonner, co. Onf., Ibid. p. So. 
London, 13. t, t ; Philadelphia, 76, o, 11. 

Bonnet, Bennett, Bonne;, 
Bonny, Bonnia, Bunnett, 
3onnyaon. — Nick, of endearment, 
good little one,' found also as a 
Christian name. Bonny (comely) 
occurs early, and 6onyi was one 
form of it; v. H.E.D. But the 
popular pet fonn was Bunting, q.v. 

Apnea Bonye, co. Oif. , UJl. A. 
ARcia Bonye, co. Oif, Ibl^ 
Johannes tloneu, 1379^ P. T. Yorki. 

Jnllina Booel, 1.379: Ibkl.p 111. 

Johannri Bannay, IJTp ! ibid. p. J3I, 

Aanri Bonny, 1379; ibid. p. 178. 

Bonnetla Tyun, lemp. Hen. Ml : Vlsi- 
Ullon oTYorki, i,s6i. p. 10. Harl. Soc 

i-fi?. WilliBm Norrf* and UaTvaiel 
Bonnyson ; Marriage Lie (London), i. .ffi. 

ivn. John Bonnytl, co. Lnc. : R«e. 
Univ. Out. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. ajB. 

London, 3, 4, 6, 1, 5, o, o ; Philadelphia, 

BonBall. Bonaal, Bonsale.— 
Local, ' of Bonsall,' a parish in co. 
Derby, near Matlock. 

Boomijeant — Nick. Mhegood 
Serjeant,' sn officer of the taw. 
John Bonaeijant, co. Oii., 117J. 

Bonequler. — Nick, 'the good 
squire'; v. Squire. 
WLIIioni Bonsquiei, co. Camb., 117,3. 

Bonswain.— Nick, 'the good 

Richard Boneiweyn, co. Soma., i Edw. 
Ill: lUrby'iQneit, p. 107. 

Bonvallet.— Nick, 'the good 
valet,' i.e. valet or groom. 

John BonvaiFC, eo. Camb., 1373. A, 

Richard Bonvallct. 00. Oif., ibid. 

—Local, 'of Bowebeare,' « place 

n CO. Devon, with the local suffix 
bean, so common in that district. 
The modem variants are somewhat 
rious to look at. 

160s. Wiliiam Banvbeare. co. Devon : 
Reg. Univ. Oif. vol ii, pi. IL p. iSt. 

tl^H. Harried - Wiliiam Warbnilon 
and Maiy Boobier: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

1798. — Jamei Boobby« awl Sarah 
.oaneii: ibid, iu iSi. 

Boodle, Bodle.— C^Sdal, 'the 
beadle.' A common form was 
Budel (v. Buddie), from which 
Boodle would easily be formed. 
This is more satisfactory, 1 think, 
than Lower's suggestion that it is 
a disguise of Booties 

164a Bapl — Sara. d. Symon Bo>-dlc : 
Kenington Ch. p. 31. 

With this entry cL Cowper and 

London, 4, i ; New York, □, I. 

Bookbinder.— Occup. 'the 
bookbinder,' an early craft, whence 
a surname as old as the 131b cen- 

' Parchmynen and Bokebynden.' 
York UyMcrv Play^ p. vilL 
' Bokettynden and lymnen.' 

Cocke LoreUe* Bole. 
An indenture between Oxford 
University and the Town, dated 
1459, includes ' alte bedels . , . alle 
stacioners, alle bokebynders. 
lympners, WTyters, pergemeners,' 
&c. : Uun. Acad. Oxon. p. 346. 
Stephen Ligator, liirar', Oalord, 

WilJiam Lintor, lUrer; Oiford, itnd, 

ishn Bokbyndcre, London. X. 
tloniiia le Bokebjndcre, London, ibid. 
Robert Bukebyndet, co. Yorli. W. 9. 
I fear the surname is now ex- 
tinct, but il lives in Binder, q.v, 

Booker — Occup. 'the butcher': 
v. Bowker, of which it is a l(nown 
Lancashire variant. 
IohnBokcr,co.Nor|-.. M73. A.' 
William 1c Bocer. co. Salon ibid- 
John Booker, of Cbener, 1588 :' Will. 
at Chener (i343-i6»), p. 13. 

In the pedigree of ^ooker 
(London Visitation, 1633-5, vol. i. 
p. 87) the following var^iations 
occur: John Booker, Joh» Boo- 
chard, and Ednumd Boocbc r. 



LI loHjBB iHnrKCT,DT Booker, co.Gh»c.. 
i6u{: R(|e.Univ.Oir.val.iLpt<Lp.i99. 

' Jo^ Booker, a noted a>troh>eer or 
the 17th ccntarjr, wu tke nn oT lohn 
Bovker (commonly pronooticed Bookerl 
of Mancheatcr, and wu horn on tbe »ra 
et March, 1601 ' : Bwh' Lane. L 405. 

iBoj. Manied — Jomih Booker and 
Su*hUatbewa: Si. Ceo. Han. Sq. L 163. 

Loodon, ly, Fbiladelphia, 6. 

Bool, Boole.— Local, ■ of Bole,' 
a pariah in co. Notts, three niilci 
from Gainsborough. 

John de Bole, CO. Lincoln, lITi 
Gilbert Bole, co. Lincoln, ibid^ 

B<»ie : Haitlaie Lie (LondonX 

1610. GcorEB Bowll, cu. Kenl 
Unii. Oif. voT. ii. pi. ii. p. ^^. 

IJ46. MamHl-Iolm ParroU and lane 
BooFe: Sl Gi-o. Chap. Hayfair, 

'Georitf Hoole (1815-64), r 
ticUn and loeicion, a-ai bam 01 
i8t<. Hia falhrr wa> a imnll tr 
in Lincoln ' ; Did. Nnl. Bt 

MDB (CO. LlDcsIn), 
Philadelphia, o, 5. 

Boon, Boon*, Bown, Bowne. 
— (t) Local, ' de Bohun,' modiSed 
early to Bown and Boon ; cC. Hoon 
for Hohun, 

S>hndeBoaa.eaBedr.,>oBdw.l. R. 
alilda Boon, co. Camb., 11T3. A. 

Reginald Boon, co. Camb^, ibid 

(a) Nick. Somelimes, no doubt, 
■ form of Biinn and Bone (the 

1614. William Druier ~ ~ 
Boone: MarriaFe Lie (Laii 

1717. Michael Boon and An , 

married : Sl. Uichaet, Comhill. p. 5^ 

London, ^ 1^ 7, i ; Philadelphia, 16, 
>ft 3,4. 

Boor, Bf>ora; v. Boar. 

Boord I V. Board. 

— Official; V. Bower- 


Boot, Boote ; V. Bott. 

IgBt- Henry BoMe, or Bote, co. t 
Reg. Univ. Oit. ml. il. pi. K. p. 118. 

ijiW. John Boue, Loadon, ibid, p 

London. 3, 1; Phi 

Booth, BtMthe.— Local, 'at the 
booth,' a hut, a cottage ; H.E. 
both. The will of Thomas del 
Booth (1368), dwelting at Barton, 
near llancheater, is printed in 
Baines' Lancashire (edited by 
Croston), U. 45. Booth, as a sur- 
name, has become strongly ramified 
iaSoath Laacaabire. 

Rogetiu del Botbe. 1370 : P. T. Vofka. 
, iSi. 

Adam del Bothe, 1379 : lUd. p. 189. 
Marnria del Bothc, i]70 ; Ibid. 
Odo dc U BoDihe, baUfS o( Norwidi, 

1716. learned — Ceorce BoiNh and 
Uary 311^ ; Sl Mary Alderaiary, p. 43. 

Hanchealer, SS, o; Leedi, <^ o; 
London, 4^ o i Philadelphia, im, x 

Boothby. — Local, 'ofBoothby, 
two parishes in co. Line. 
Adam de Boothby, abbot of Peter 

Mgh ; FF. ^ 

r of Slo«-Bar- 

Uaigaiei Norburry : Sl Gea Chap. 

dolph. 10. Norf., i 

John de Botheby, leclor 
CO. Durham, yia : liDD. iL ,. 

Thomai dc Bolheby, CO. Line- iijx. A- 

1608. MalthcH Beadle and Anne 
Boothby: Maniaev Lie.(LondonX i. 306. 

1784. Married- Brooke Boothby and 
Saaanu Briuov: St. Gea Han Sq. 

Lmdon. 6 ; Philadelphia, I. 

BootlmuiD, BootsuuL — 
Occup. 'the boothman,' one who 
lived in a booth or hut (v. Booth) ; 
cfl Bridgman. Heathman, Sec. 

Roger Bothman. co. Hnnt^ ]'73. A. 

Henry Bootheman, temp. £lii. ZZ. 

1675. William Budge and UarKaren 
Boothman: Maniage AUeg. (Canter 

1749. Marrird— ChrlHophn Boollir 
andMajwarei N— ^— -^-- ^' '^^' ''' 
Mayfaii, p. 156. 

London, - - ■ 
York, o, I. 

Boothroyd. — Local, 'of the 
booth-royd' ; v. Booth and Royd. 
A Yorkshire sumaine. 

Ricardu* de Botherod, 1379: P. T. 

WiUelmiu Bowderode, 1379 : ibid. 

Kicardua BalrDdr. i.^tq: ibid. p. iSo. 
Wett Riding Court l)ir- 7; Phila- 
delphia. 11. 

BootJman.BootmoD, Booty- 
man. — Occup. ' the boothman.' 
Found in co. Northumbertand, and 
no doubt the Scottish bothit-mati, 
a cottager. It is a welt-known 
surname about Newcastle- on-Tyne. 
Rather curiously Bonnyman and 
Booliniaii occur together in the 
South Shields Directory (1B85-6). 
' Bothienuui, equivalent to Eng. 
kind) and borrowed from the cir- 

cumstance of hinds inhabiting 
bothies' (Jamicaon). v. Boothman. 
SoBlh Shietda, 1.0.0; London, o, 1. o : 
Plymouth, (^ o, I ; Nov York, o, I, a 

Bootle.— Local, 'of Bootle.' (0 
A parish in the suburbs of Liver' 
pool :v. Bottle (a) for meaning; (a) 
an ancient town and parish in 
South Cumberland under the Black 
Combe. But (i) is the chief 

Matthew Bootle, co. Lane., a Mrrine- 
mao, 1.II9J : Lancaihire Will* at Ricli- 

Tbomaa Bootk, of Taiham, co. Lane.. 
■5^ : ibid. 

Thomaa Boolelt, ro. Lane. l6oj : 
PreMon Guikl Rolls, p. 4S. 

WiUiam Bootell. co. Lone., 1601 : ibid. 

Lanreuce Bootle. DrInceBlundcll,i6i4 : 
WillaatCheiler, i. 14. 

Margaret Boolle, of McUing, ifiig: ibid. 

t6o(. BapL— John, I. lanKa Bootle : 
St. Jaa. Clerkenwell, i. 47. 

Loadon, 3 \ Lit'erpool, S. 

BtHTd 1 v. Board. 

Borden.— (i> Local, 'of Borden,' 
a parish in co. Kent, near Sitling- 
bDume. (3) Local, ' of Bordcan,' a 
tithing in the parish of East Meon, 
Petersfield, co. Hants. 

Richar.! , . 

1730. Married —John Canewood and 
._nn Borden: St. Ceo. Chap. Uayfair, 
p. 180, V ) . 

Philadelphia, 31. 

BtHTder,— Occup. ; v. Boarder. 

Borehun, Borham, Boram. 

Local, 'of Boreham,' a parish 

four miles from Chelmsford, co. 



de Borham 



le BorKam, co. Ewi. itrid. 

B Borim rector of Bireham, 
. Norf. : i^V. .. J91.. 

p.:SL JaiClerkedwell, iii. 

177a. — Michael Boreham and Eli>. 
Syme : St. Geo. Han. So- i, J08. 

London, 10, 0, 0; MDB fco. EnaX 
i. 0. ; (CO. Saffolk). 4, 1, t ; >i« York, 

, Google 

Born.— Local, 'at the bourn,' 
from residence Lhereb; ; c(. Brook 
and Beck, and v. Bum. 

William ittc BonK, co. Sonu., I Edir. 
Ill : KLrtiv'i QuHt, p. 109. 

ijGo. ]olin Bo™ and Margaret 
Paddye : MarriBie Lie (London), i. 10. 

1^. Francii EKowtk ot Borne, co. 
Soma. : Rrf. Univ. Oif. vol il. pt. K. 

1600. Bnried— AneelL d. Heatie Bonw: 
Si. laa. UokeninJI, it. 106. 
London, 71 Bomob (U.S.), I. 
Borough.— Local ; v. Bury. 

Borradaile. — Local ,' orBarrow- 
dale,' ■ cbapeliy in Uie ;»rish of 
Crosthwaile, CO. Cuinb., »ix miles 
from Penrith, 

lUT. Robrrt Borodali and Uariirci 
Braryge: Uurlage Uc. (London), ' 11. 

1506. John Bamidall, co. Leic : Ri^;. 
fniv.air.« ■' - -■- 

London, 3 ; Phitadclphia. 

Borrell, Borral. Burr«ll, 
BurriU.— (1) Mick. <lhe borel,' 
originally a tenn for a kind of coarse 
cloth. Afterwards used adjectively 
for a comely man, a peasant, H 
countryman ; v. H.E.D., s. v. Burel 
(also V. Burier, ibid.). Borel 
used as a personal name. 

Sibuna. relicts Bard, co. Oil 
arcllni dc RaihnneM, co. K 

Willdmu t 


William Burtl. c 

1379: P. T. Y< 

Edw. Ill 

Walter lie Boartoo, co. Back*, IHV f 
Kobrrt dr Borlon, CO. Donel. ibid. 
Henry de Boiton, ca Morf., ibid. 

Hnrb d* B "— "- "■■-" 

John dc B 

ll: Kirhy-.^MI,p. 

■^v. I. K, 

Botton, CD. Slaff., Hen. 111- 

1617. &ipt.— Robert, >. William Bar- 
lell : StS-u. Ckrkenwell, i. 106. 

(a) Local, 'of Burret," a town- 
ship in the parish of Bedale, North 
Rid. Yorks. 

London, I, o, ». I j Fhilufelphia, 1, i, 

Borrowman. — Occup. ; v. 
Berry man. 

Borton, BouTton.— Local, 'of 
Bourton ' iformerly cbielly Borton) , 
parishea, chapelries, hamlets, and 
tithings in cos, Berks, Bucks, 
Dorael, Oiford, Glouc, Soma., and 

Boorton ! St. Jai. Clertenwrtl, iv. (ij. 
i68i. Bapr — ■ ■ '- ' ■■" 

London. >, 7 ; Philadelpliia, 5, 3. 

Booher.— Occup. 'the butcher'; 
H.E. bochtr; v. Boucher and 

RichinlleBo(Bnr, CO. Somi., I Eiw. 
HI: Kirt)y'iQac(t,p. i6f. 

1A7S. UmrmBcshcr and Mary Warinr! 
Marrian Allet.(We>tmin*ter), p. 190. 

London. ^ ; Philadelphia, 3. 

Booaum, Boaoom.— Local, ' of 
Boaham,' a parish in co. Sussex, fc 
miles from Chichester ; cf. Bami 
for Bamham. 

i<94, John mVbai and EIIl Bob 
or C^6nd)ie : Marriage Uc (Loodc 

I74J. Marrird-'lnhn Kent and Sarah 
Bouom : St. Ged. Chap. Uivfoir. p. 33. 
London, o, 1 ; Oxford, i, 11 ; BoMon 

Bostock, Bostlck.— Local, 'of 
Bostock,' a township in the parish 
of Davenhain, co. Cheshire. This 
local sumamehas ramified strongly, 
and has wandered far. 

Karh dc Bonock, co. Che*., 1413: 
Emtheil. 323. 

Daiid de BoMok, co. Che*., 1498 : ibid, 
i. 188. _ 


Anhar BoMock, of Bottock, 
WlllaatChwer, i.34. 

Thoniu Bomock, of Cheater, bnacr. 


ocke, aenl.,' 


1610. Married-William BoMock and 
Margntt Fi1«barie: Prcwbnry Cfa. (( 
Cheater), p. J 17. 

1674. fiapt.— lane, d, of Ceorn B< 

Dcke : Si. Ju. Clcrkcn>«ll, i. 3S5. 

Mancheiier, 7, a ; L,OBdon, 7. o ; Phila- 
delphia, J, 14. 

Boston.— Local, ' of Boston,' 
the well-known town in 

j.Noff., 1314: FF.i-i 

Sorf.. !«!): ibid ii.3j6. 

161^. Bapt— Rcbecka,d.lavuBoatDn: 
;l Michael, Comhill, p. 119. 

17S6. MarriHl-'Jaates Boalon aid 
\nn Kitchen % St Oo, Hai. Sq. L 3Q5. 

London, J; Philadelphiii. tft. 

BOBwaU, BocvraU. — Local, 
'de Bosville,' 'a village of 1400 
Inhabitants, near Yvetot, in Nor- 
mandy. The family were in England 
1 1 36, and probably from the 

Tiod of the Conquest' (Lower's 

itr. Brit p. 35). This is the true 
parentage of Boawell, although it 
has such an En^ish local look. 

John de Boaevill, co. Line, 30 Edw, 

iLcD.Nonhainpt- lb 

BoKviil, CO. Bedf., Hen, 1 

Edw.L K. 
Agoea BoiKnill, 1379 : P..T, Yorki. 

'''fttben de BoKwill, or Botvillc, co. 
Norf,, 1360: FF,i,ii8. 
WalkelinedeBoaevile,co.Norf, llpp: 

\ lubcll Sosinl, CO. Norf., 1464 : iUd. 

' William Boawdl, co. Norf. tto): ibid 

1751. Married— Thomas Simpaon and 
Sarah Bonrell : St. Geo. Han, So. i, 47- 

i7Ra - Wtlllam Ward and Jniia 
Boaville: ibid, p, 31*. 

London, 10, riMnB.(co, Korfolk), i, 
o; Philadelphia, o, 16. 

Boairorth. — Local, 'of Bos- 
worth,' two parishes, Husband's 
Bosworth and Market Bosworth, 
in the county of Leicester. 

John de Boaworth, co. Norf,, 1377 : FF. 

Hdoard Boaworth, rector of Taibargh, 
CO, Norf^ 1679 : ibid, v, ay. 

1570, BipL— Rebecka BaanTirthe : St. 
Ju. Clerkenwell, i. 6, 

»-■ ■" Rionlc and Mareery 

age Lie (London), 

, „ 18.S. 

1639. Uarricd— William Shipley and 
Mary Boiworth ; ibid. p. 156. 

MDB.(co. LclcHterl, 7 ; (co. Lincoln), 
S; Loodoo, 6; Philadelphia, i- 

Botoher, Bodger, Bottchar. 

— Occup. 'the butcher.' No con- 
nexion with bolditr or bodgtr, a 
cobbler (v. Bodger, H.E.D.). M.E. 
bodur, a form of butcher. 
' Bieweatcn, Bakem, 



laho le Bochd', temp. 

WilJikin Balpy, iatHi 

GoUd - 


Bliu )c Bortier, 

'-■■- ■- lodiCT, i_ . ,_. __. 

Balpy, iadtr, ijfii : FreMoi 

S^h^i^i^teeJrr, cnYuk. 1416. 

Wiltrlmu PminiBii, SacAir, 1170: 

A'lain BocEn, 

Richvd Bochei 

With Bodger for Botcher, cf. 
Boodger below for Butcher : 

iTiS. Msrried — Jfilin BoodirFr anil 
Ruuniu Hebo: Sl Ghl Ran. Sq. 

" Mi>afo>.HpnfoiiIl,o.i,o; (colHonli), 

Botham, Bottom.— Local, ' at 
the bottom, 'a depreaaion in the land, 
the r«ll of • hillside, as in L«nca- 
shire dialect, 'bottom o'th moor,' 
'boltoma'th hill'; cf. Birkenshaw 
Bottoms, near Gomenal, co. York; 
also Bottom Brow, near Skircoal, 
CO. York. H.E. bolun, botiome, 
and bothom. 'Botune, or botum 
{ix)tyin),/M(u/n»i' : PrompL Parv. 
Many compoundi have found their 
way into our directories, all hailing 
rroin North-English localities ; cf. 
Bottomley and Bothamley, Long- 
bottom and Rowbotham,5idebottom 
and Sidebotham, Higginbottom 
and Higginbotham, Shufflebotham, 
Sec, q.v. ; cf. also Robertua de 
Cnimwelbothom, 1379 : P. T. 

S™ del BathDm, co. Lane. isiJ : Lay 

Wiil^Iniu de B«t(iTm. M7<> : P- T. 
York*, p. 1S7. 

LaoiFiKe de Bothatn, co. York, 
im. M. 

ieio. Married.- Gilbert Bothom and 
Uary Cke : St. Marv Aldennary, p. n. 

London, r, 1 ; Boson (U.S-X 1. o' 

Botly. — Local, 'of Bolley,' a 
parish in co. Hants, six miles 
from Southampton. 

Malhew de Botlielehrye. to. Soma, i 
Edw. Ill: Kirby'.QnHi 

1661. Ceo. HolUnd 

M^Tj Aldcrmary, p. 164- 

Bott, Botte.— (1) Local, 'of 
Botte.' I cannot lind the spot; 
probably a variant of Booth, q.v. 


(a) Bapt. 'the son of Baldwin,' 
from the nick. Bodd sharpened to 
Bolt : cf. Botlen and Botting. un- 
doubted instances of the dim. form. 

Henry BMW, co. Oif_ IJTJ, A. 

Kichard Bollc, co Salop, ibid. 

Robert Bolle, co. Surki, Ibid. 

Londdii,7,o; NewYoi^, ji, 1. 

Bottan, Bottlug.— BapL 'the 
son of Bodin,' i.e. Baldwin, 
sharpened to Bottin and Botting, 
with the customary excrescent;. 
An instance occurs early; v. Boden. 

Botonn le Ken, co. Honla, 1173. A. 

1731. HaiTied — Nicholu FliUpi and 
Elu. Bolting: Sl Geo. Chap. Maylair, 

^'i^rm. 1. 6; BoSon <L'.S.X o, I ; 
Philadelpbia, i, a 

Botterat, Bottrell, BottrlU. 
— Local, 'of Botlreaux,' Lower 

suggests this corruption. His view 
is strongly supported by the first 
two entries below, which occur 
clo!e together in the Hundred 
Rolls of Shropshire. 

Roger deBoleiena, CO. Salop, 1173. A. 

Ri'Kinild de Bolerrl. co. Salvp, ibTd. 


HI of Ephiai 

Bottle.— (i> Bapt. ' the son of 

Boiit or Bolild Hod, co. SdK, 1171. A- 

Marraret Bolild, cc. Canib., ibid. 

Ralph Botild, co. Hnnu, ibid. 

1^61;. Culhbeit Bollyll, New Collere: 
Ret;, t'niv. OxT. vol. ii. pu ii. p. II. 

{a) Local, 'atthe bottle'; bottle = 
a seal, a mansion ; cf. Newbottle, 

Richard deBolele, CO. OiT, 1173. A. 

Walter de Bolele, co. Oxf., iliid. 

Robert aile Bothelr. co. Soma., i Edw. 
Ill: Kitby'.(iie«,p. 185. 

Michel atle Bothek, co. Sonu., j Edw. 
HI : ibid. 

' Friend Bottle" reads curiously 
in the London Directory (1870). 

1709. Bapt.— lamea,!. Samuel Botle.a 
•oldier : Canterbury Caih, p. 40. 

Bottlemtiker. — Occup. 'a 
maker of bottles.' 'Myllers, carters, 
and botylemakers' : Cocke Lorelle's 
ThoiDu Boielnudier, Close Roll, to 


Bottomley, Botluunlay. Bot- 
tomly.— Local, 'of Bottomley' or 
' Bothamley,' some small spot, 
probably in the W. Rid. Yorks, 
which I have failed to identify. 
The instance below occurs in 
the township of Barkialand, in the 
parish of Halifax. Bottomley now, 
500 years later, is found in the 
same township; v, W. Rid. Dircc- 

Johinnea de Bodhomlay. 137Q: P. T. 
Yorkt p. 183. 

MarRarrt Boclioinlev. of Deane, co. 
Lane, iifflo ; Willn al theiler, i. if. 

1742- Hairied— Joaeph Bottomley and 
Ann Gant : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 18. 

London, 9, 1,0; Wr« Rid. Court 
nir., 16, o, o ; BoMon tl,'.S.>, o, », 1 ; 
PhiUdelphla, 33, i^ o. 

Botwrlght ; V. Boatwright. 
Bouolier. — Occupative, 'the 
butcher'; v. Bowcher, Botcher, and 

London. 3 ; FliilBdelphia, rl. 

BouiSer.— Nick.; v.Boulftower. 

Boughen, Bowgen, Bou- 
ghaa. — 1 A Norfolk surname. 
I suspect it is an immigrant from 
the Low Countries. 1 can olfer 00 
satisfactory solution of its meaning. 

Georse Bowgeoo, aheriH of Norwich, 
ifl* : PF. iii. ,W9. 

John Boivewn, rector o[ Weat ToftL 
CO. Norf 1,(46 ! ibid. ii. 361, 

Jam^BoA'eHn, vicar or Sarlin»ham, co. 
Nirf.. .t»;!bivjes. 

1716. Married — Thomaa Bcnrin and 
Jane Alley : St. Geo. Hati. Sq. L 1. 

Mua (co, NorfolkX J, I. o ; London, 
I, u, a; New York (UoiiKlian;^ i ; Phila- 

Boughey, Bowhay.— Local, 
' of the Boghey,' seemingly one 
who resided by the enclosed bog. 
The suffix is -Ao', ahedgc, or fenced 
plot of ground ; v. Hey. 

Tbomat BoirheyE, co. Soma., i Ed*. 
Ill: Kirby'a Queat, p. 190. 

1681-1. ■Married - Kenelm Smith and 
Ann Boofhy: St. I^ionl* Backchnrch, 

1803. — Daniel Bonghey and Elia. 
Manley: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. li. iT/;. 
London, a, I ; HDB. |ca. Devon), 0^ 2. 
Bould; V. Bold. 
London, 3; New York, t. 

Botdtbee, Botdby, Bowlb^. 
—Local, 'of Boltby,' a parish lu 



co.York; cr.Applebee Tor Appleby. 
It appears more natural to assume 
that Boulby and Bowlby are modi- 
fications, but my last entry from 
the Hundred Rolls sug^ta a 
separate and independent origin. 

AHamdeBolrFhViCo, York, im. A. 

Hueh dc Uolc-by, co. York, IbM. 

Adini de Bollby. ea. Notttinmli., i 

-idiliani of Rairnstoneilale, cc 


— RcynoM Bonffcll : ibid. 

ii 408 

rird— Stephen Bosi<ir 
ion: St. Gw. Han 

Botilt«r, Bolter, Bulter.— 
Occup. 'the boltcr.'asifrcrof meal. 
In the ordinances of the household 
of Henry VI, 1455, mention is 
made of the ' bakhous ' ( bakehouse) 
under thirteen officers, of whom are 
lo be 'six gromea bultera' (Proc. 
Ord. Privy Council, \'i. aaS). 

lolin Bollor, co. SoaiB., 1 Edw. Ill : 
Kirlry'i Qu«t._p. 

London, 9 : "DB. (oo. Comb.), I ; (co. 
Wcstm.).!?: New York. I. 

Boutober. — Occupativc, ' the 
butcher,' one of various forms; v. 
Butcher, Bowker, Bowsher, Bow- 

ChriMoplier fmyihc, ttatek. 

" -'- -n-Trnp .List of — ' 




o. Berka, 

Berk., 1173. I 

Norf., itwi; 

1674. Bnpt — Thomia. s. Thoma* 
Bouftcr : S(. lu. Clerkrnwc]]. I. 36j. 

1759. Marnol— Benjimin Boultci and 
Mary Warrich ; St. Gnj. Han. So. 1. 85. 
- London, II. a 1: New, t; 
Philadclpliia, 6, o, o. 

Botimphrey.— Bapt ' the son 
of Humphrey,' from the Welsh 
' Ap-Humphrey,' which berame 
Pumphrey or Bumphrey (v. Pum- 
phrey) ; cf. Bloyd, Bethell, Bowen, 
BennioD, &c. 

|6U. Roerr Bomfnjr and Siuiini-a 
Inry : Uarriage Lie (Walniin>i«>, 

'Ur. Boamphrey, ^neral maiunT of 
the Cuni/d Company, adviied Mr. Jitui; 
Collings to al>itain from iTocndiii? in 
thEdcamlog' MrChambrtlain'aamval 
atLiverpool: ManthsilR' Coui ier, March 
II, iXWt. 

Liverpool, J. 

Bourn, Bourne — Local, 'at 
the Bum,' q.v. 

Boviree.— Local, ' at the Bourse.' 

Rnheit alle Bonne, vicar of BriMon, 
CO. Norf., 1354; FF.i11.376, 

Bourton; v. BortMi. 

BouB&eld.— Local, 'of Bous- ' 
field,' a hamlet one mile from 
Orton, a parish in co. Westm. 

capibi^'of ^ring sr^aJT' P^^ot 

1676. Ceorre lobnnm and Deborah 
BanidKr : Marriage Lre. (Canietbury), 

LindoD, 1 ; Ldverpool, i \ Philadel- 
phia, J. 

Boutflower, Boufflar.— Nick. 
' BeauOour,' comely llower; cf. 

Uin» Bcannoqr, C. R , lO Edw. H. 

llimrM'SiilfloK-ei!" FF. 

Wlll^in Beauflonr. B. 

NIctiolai Bowtefflowre. M3q, Nn- 
cuilr-on-Trne (Liil of inait; p^ipnlalion 
capable of beiringanni): fPP. vol. ii. pp. 

Jeftery Bean flower, •eneachal of Brnlol, 
.357: VVY. (.,676. 

John BrauRour, mayoc of Brinol. 1380. 
iUa. p. 673. 

William BontflowRr, iherKT, 171a: 
Brand'a Nnrcaatlc-on-Tyne, i. i+. 

Uanchener, j. o; Oocltfoid, J, o; 

BOTlll, BovelL— Local. ' 
Boville,' now Bouville, a parish 
the BiTondissement of Ron 


BovytlF, CO. Sorrcy, 

Bdw. [, 

h' de Boyvill, cr 

17901. Married — Thomai Bovill and 
Elii. Jonn: St. Oea. Han. So. li. 30. 
LondoD, 6, o ; Botton (U.S.), o, i. 

Bovlnfcdon, BovlnfftoD.— 
Local, ' of Bovington,' a parish In 
CO. Herts, near Hemel Hemp- 

0. Oif., I 


1774. Married — WiJIiam BoTisgUin 
and Ella. Wood: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

London, i, >. 

Bow. Bowe.— I.ocat, 'at the 
Bow,' a sign-name, from residence 
at an inn so called ; cE Roebuck. 
A likely sign in the days of 

Roger atle Bowr, citizen of London, 
C. R., 9 Kdw, IL 

1403. CHMinaa((eBoa'«:CBl.orWilb 
in <:oan of Halting <]». 

1389. Willlain Bow, co. Cninberlan<l : 
leg. tlniv. Oif. vol. ii. pt. H. p. 173. 
■Soi. Married-Richard Hartley an<l 

Fliiladelphia, o, 6. 

Boircher. — Occupalivi 

butcher' (Halliwell). 

Bdwanl le Boncher, co. Soma, 1 Ed». 
III! Kirby'i Quert. p. 30J. 

Johannea Bowcber, ca York, 1410: 

William Batcher^ or BoAcher, 1^43: 
Re*. L'niv. (hrf. \. jot. 

1661. John Radcliffe and Jaditli Bow- 
cher: Marriage Lie. [Faculty OSceX 

Bonrd. — Local, 'of Bowood.' 
(t) A tithing in the parish of 
Netherbury, co. Dorset : (a) n 
liberty in the parish of Calne, co. 

John Bovodc. co. Soma, I Sdw. Ill : 
Ki.hy.Qoal, p. igs. 

London, 3. 

Bowdltch, Bowdldge, Bow- 
dago, Bowdloh, Bowdiffe.— 

Local, 'orBowditch,"anestBleiii 
Dorsetshire possessedby the family 
at an early period ' (Lower). The 
name is evidently of south-western 
origin, and is manifestly local. 
With Bowdage or Bowdidge, cf. 
Bromagv for Bromwich. 

i.-a*- Richard Bomlyche and Joanna 
Savaac : Marriave Lie. (London), i. 15. 

17&. MartiedlThonas Bowdrich and 
Hannah Fowkr ; Sl Ceo. Han. Sq. 1. |A|. 

MDB. <Doneti^ o, o, o, o ; (SomerK^X 
llondoA, 3, 1,'i, 0,01 Ereier, o, 1.0,0,' 
o ; New York (Bowditch), 1 ; Boston (U.S.Jk 

,y Google 


Bowdler. Bowdloar.— Occup, 
'the bowdler,' i.e. the puddler. 
A steady number in the directories. 
< Bowdlerized editions ' has made 
the name famous. 'Buddie, to 
cleanse ore. North. ''A vessel made 
for this purpose, like a shallow 
tumbrel, is calledabuddle": Ray's 
English Words, ed, 1674, p. 116' 
(HaJiweli). One instance below is 
that of a YorkshiremaD, the other of 
a Satopian,SQ there can be no doubt 
about the origin of Bowdler ; cf. 
'puddle,' to work in iron, and 
' puddler,' one who works iron. 
'To buddic, to wash ore' (Imperial 
Dict.Annandate, i88a). 

RkhardkBondln', CO, Salop, 1173. A. 

Richard le Bondtcri-. cd. York. W. 9. 

ij6(). Richard Bowdnler and Agni« 
YooR : UarrlaKe Lie. (Lor 

1691 : YYV. p. 6gs- 
' 17.18. BuiiciWl'ranri* Bowdler: Si. 
Hichacl, Cornhill. p. »4- 

London, 4,oj rfrwYork, i, o; Phila- 
dclphia, I, o ; Boston (U.S.), o, 3. 

Bowell.— LociU; v. Bovil], a 

HiBf* te BoirrI, ro. Krnl, lai.l A. 

Walter de Bowell, co. Hcrt^ ibid. 

1584. HmrySkynnerard Jaoe Bo«-ell! 
HarriijiF Lie (Landon), I, 131. 

1610. CcorR Bowll, CO. Kent: Reg. 
Univ. Oif. voT. iL pt iL p. 385. 

BoweD.~Ci) Bapt 'the son of 
Owen,' from the Welsh Ap- 
OweU'Bowen; cf. Bevans-Ap- 
Evan, Bethell ~ Ap-Ilbell, Bloyd 
- Ap-Lloyd, Sec. In the Visi- 
tation or London, 1634, Thomas 
Bowen claims descent from Thomas 
Bowen of Llewenny, co. Denbigh. 

1,(68. Bapl. — Duiiell, um of IdIid 
Aboti-en : Su Ptur, Camhill, r. 13. 

Thomas »p^>wen, CaJ. State Papen, 
Hen. VIII. 

15K3. Thomaa Bowen, ca Cajdioan: 
Rrt;. Univ. OiT. rol. ii. pt. ii. j>. m. ' 

iw, Hugh Bowen, ca Oirmattlioi : 

iL. Siiid'.. 

London, 17; UTtipo(4 tl ; Fhiladet 
plua, ija 


Boirer, Bowers. — (1) Local, 
' of the bower,' an indoor servant, 
one who waited 'in my lady's 
chamber'; v. Bowerman. 'Bowre 
chambyr ' : Prompt, Parv, 

«-aL' Chaucw, C T. 3367. 

The added s is common lo these 
specific names. Thus Che exact 
equivalent 'Chamber' is more 
generally found as Chambei?; cd 
Brooks and Styles for Brook and 
Style. Possibly it is the patrony- 
mic s, as in Perkins or Jones. 

Robert Alle-barr, rector of Gnnlon, ro. 
NoTf., .37J : FF. viil. 113. 

Perhaps the above represents 

Richard atte Bonre, C. R., » Edv. II. 
John aiie Benr, co. Soma., 1 Edw. HI ; 

Araw tkJ Bowie, 137a : P. T. Yorka. 
p. 36. 

(a) Occup. 'the bowyer.' The 
y has crept in as in lawyer, sawyer, 
&C. In the Order of the Procession 
of Occupations, Crafts, and Com- 
panies to be made on Corpils 
Chnsti Day at Norwicb, 1533, the 
' Fletchers, Bowers, and Turners ' 
were placed in the second division : 
Blomelield's Norfolk, ii. 148. 

Thomaa le Bower, C. R., 7 Edw. Ill ! 
pi. i. 

London, 11, 14; Phtbdrlpliil, 84, I,)0. 

Bowflrgroom, — Official, ' the 
bower -groom,' a sen-ant who at- 
tended the room called Che bower ; 
V. Groom and Bower (1), As a 
servant, groom does not seem to 
have been confined [o the male 

III : Ktrbys iji^,' p"^67. "" ' 

BowermaD, Boonnan, Bor- 
man, Borom an .—Official, 'the 

' bowerman,' i, e. the servant of the 
bower, the male equivalent of 
'bower-m«iden,'an indoor servitor, 
a chamberlain. The corrupted 
forms of the surname are easily 
traceable ; v. Burman. Below are 
two entries that occur side by side : 
Cecilia del Boare, 1379: P. T. Yorki. 


Cilben Barman, co. Oxf., 1)7). A. 
lubella Boteman, co. BuKi, Ibid. 
Wjlliain BoDrman. F. 

1506: Reg. Univ. Orf. I. 51. 
Robert Boreman, or Boannan, died 

'^^fm™'a,^4m^n'^''ol?ioe. Bowtt- 

163:1. Buried -Job Boormikn, a prentice: 
St, Anlhulin (Londo>i^ p. M. 

London, a, 8, 3,0; New Vork, 4, 1, 1, o. 

Bowgen; v, Boughen. 

Bowker.— Occup. 'the butcher,' 
a North -English form, A very 
familiar form of the surni 
Lancashire; v. Booker 
Cowper and Cooper. 

Thomai le BDaker. co. Lane, 1.179; 
Pmton Guild Rolls, p. ,s. 

Tliomaa le Bouker, co. Lane., 1131: 

Margaret^OH^er, « Manclirsler, inii: 
WiHs at Chnter (i,VS-'6»")> P- '5- 

Anhar Bovker, of Bitpham, co. Lone,, 

161S. Baried — Janiei Bowker, Preit- 

1610. Bapt— Nathanyell, nn dT Adam 
Bouker: Si. Jaa. Clertcm-ell, i. III. 

London, ( : Manchesler, 1u ; New 
York, 6. 

Bowland.— Local ; v, Bollanif. 

Rnbertss da Boghland, 1379: P. T. 
Yorki. p. III. 

Rogeins Bowland. 137Q; ibjd. 

T,>;30. Roger Borland and Avice 
Gry^rgeabie : Uarria|^ Lie, (London), 

' i^To-r. John BowUnde and Elii. 
Thene : ibid. i. 4S. 

London, 1 ; Philadelphia, 1. 

Bowlar.— Occup. ■ the bowler,' 
a maker of wooden bowls and 
dishes. ' Bolle, vesselle : concha, 
lultr.' 'Bollc, dyscbe : canlart' : 
Prompt. Parv. 

jDhnFaiiive,M/A-, Fiee- 


Adam le E 

Oaf., 1173. A. 
CO. Saff 'Tbld. 

.Angel e., < 

Lay Subsidy (RilanJs), p-^64-, 

Bow^ :^rj» C^'r'ki-.,..- ^.^. 

London, 11 \ FfiiUdelpbia. 10. 

BoivleresB.— Occup. ■ the bow- 
leress ' (v. Bowler), a woman who 
made bowls, dishes, &c. ; Juliana 
la Boleresse (Close Roll, 54 
Hen. Ill), Bowlster(q.v.)Hlaaex- 



Bowling. — Local, 'of Bowling,' 
a clupetry near Bradford, co. 
York. Cf. Boiling, (a) 

'Trinrain Boirynir, of Bndrord In co, 

ntfii £ruHt«iii n-u Rab«t Ballyriff, of 
London, "udkr and lilk (hrowiUr," 

i.i|;<i. Williifn BD«*]iiw int) RrmeAikt: 
Alarna^ Lie- (London), i- 91. 

1647. Marritd— Robert Crosby ind 
MaryBowleine: Si. Dionis fiBckcliBrch, 

London, I ; Bostoo (U.S.), 1. 

Bow1at«r, Bolster.— Occup. 
' the bowlster ' (v. Bowler), a maker 
of bowla, dishes. &c. (with feminine 
terminative). Robert le Bulester 
(Patent Roll, ao Edw. 11); cf. 
Brewster, Baiter, &e. 

1541. John Bolncr, goldsmiik, and 
CriHonn Wolfe, isarried ; Si. Anlholin 

Ihe aforenid Nidwlaa Cor 900 boot. 
jfjsi 80; to ibe iloTMiid SirphcB, 1,700 

lane., u Henry IV. 

JohnYDnger.MO'AuH, 1^■;a9,Newca■tlB■ 
on.T)^ne(Lllt ofjsale [fopujaiioh capable 
ofbearinjBrim):PPF.vo1.ii. pp. 174-194. 

Robert Bowman, lemp. Elii, Z. 

1570. Bapt.— Judith, d. Edainnd Bow- 
man: Sf.TbomaatbeApoMIe (London). 

[5S1, Gabriel Bowman, eo. Sarrey: 
Re^. irniv. Oif, vol. 11. pt. iL p. 108, 

London, >8; Philadelphia, 116. 

Bown, Boimta. — Local, ' of 
Boun,' i.e. Bohun ; v. Bowen(a). 

HamfredutdcBoun, co. Heref., ■>7<. A. 

- ■ ■ - - rl, itjd. 

Joanne Hi 

iiTied — Hmry Bolster and 
itoB : Res- Stonnon, co. Wilu, 

tsiu. — Thomaa BolaUvr and Marv 
William.: Si. Ceo. Han. So. ii. 107. 

New York, o, a : BoWon (CT.S.), o, 18. 

Bowmaker. — Occup. ' the 
bowmaker,' a bowyer. North 
English in origin. A family of the 
name lived in Alnwick for several 
centuries, and it is cbiedy in New- 
castle and South Northumb. that wc 
find the surviving representatives. 
Fon numbers one John Bowmaker 
among the Marian martyrs. 

Thomas BowBiakcr, ijjo, Newcastle- 
on-Tvne (Llil or n^alc pOi>uratian capable 
of bearing arms) ; FPP. lol, ii. pp. 174-IO4. 

Raljih BMTnaker, 174; : Blair'a HiM. of 

e still exists, 1 am 

glad to say. 

Bowman. — (l) Occup. 'the 
bowman,' an archer. Hr. Lower 
quotes Richardson's Gathering 

Come Bold-hea'riivj Tmewicke,' 
Reprl the pmud foeman, 

(a) Occup, ' a maker of bows," a 

' To Nirholai Frost, bowman, Slephrn 
Scdar, fletcher, Ralph Ibe suingere ... to 


iri, ibid.' 

John Jai. 


Uilo de Boun, above-mentioned, 
occura at p. 97, and Milo de Bohun 
at p. loa. llie two entries, with- 
out doubt, refer to the wme indivi- 

1579. John Bowne and Elii. Gr^ffyn : 
Marnan Lie. (London), i. 04. 

London, 7, 1 1 Philadelph^ j, 4. 

Bowrisg, Bowerlng. — t Bapt. 
'the son of Bowring,' seemingly 
a' personal name, like Harding 
and Browning, A West country 

Waller Bowryng, eo. Soma., 1 Edi 
"lio^'-'rf^'^.ril^.ai^t Curme a, 

London, 7, o : HDB. (co. Sran*.), t, % 
(CO. Devon), 4. o. 

BowBhor, Bowser, Bewaher. 
— (1) Occup, 'the butcher': v. 
Bowcher, Botcher, &c, fa) Nick. 
O.F. Btau-siTt,' 'fair sir, an ad- 
dress of respect or courtesy ; cf. 
Bellamy, Bon amy, Belcher. 'Beau 
sire . , . thu speit as a fol,' c, 1300. 
Beket,768(H.£.D.); 'Thoushaltc 
abak, bewshere,'c. 1460, Towneley 
Hyst. 341 (ibid.). 

Thomti le Booiyre, 117S. M. 

Rowr B ~- — " — ' 

Hen.lll-Et „. 

iSTt. Henry Bawschere, Eieler Coll.: 

1B14. Bapl,— Frederick, aon of Frede- 

Loiidon, 3, 1, o; Liv«ipooL o, o, 1 ; 
B«ton {V.S.). 0, 7, o. 

Bowyer. — Occup. 'the bowyer,' 
a maker of bows. The bowyers 
and fletchers (v. Fletcher) always 


marched together in thetrade pro- 
cessions. Skelton in 'The Maner 
oflhe World' says: 

' So many bowyers, ao many fletclwra. 
And sofew e;ood arcbera, saw 1 nev«r.' 

William le Boghyere. co. Susei, 

William le Bowiere, London, iUd. 

Adam le Boghicrp, c. IJIO. U. 

VMiualeBmyn. H. 

With the intrusive^ or 1', cf. 
lateytr for lower, or sauytr for 
sauitr; v. Bower (9). 

1613. Bapt. — Willyam, a. Anthony 
Bowyer : St. Jaa. Clcrkenncll. L 6S. 

London, 33 ; Philadt^lphia, 4. 

Bot— (i) Local, 'of Box' a 
parish in co. Wilts, seven miles from 
Chippenham, (a) Local, 'at the 
box,' i. e, box-tree, from residence 
thereby; cf. Pine, Birch, Oak, Ash, 

JohniklaBaie.ClaaeRDll, loEdw.llI. 

William attf Boi, co. Soma., 1 Edn. 
Hi; Kirbys (Jnest, p. I jj. 

lohn BIK Boir. c<L Soms_ 1 Edw. Ill : 

le la Boie. CO. CIc 

OS. shenff of London, 1 
II, CO. Norf., 1649: FI 



Oif.: Reg. Uni 

_.e'Tnd Elit. Boai 

Lie. (London), 


1600. Henry Box, 

.615. !■ 
_ jey^^EiiiuitB Kiaji'^ointy Hnli 

York, l.° ' " - - 

Boxftll, Boxell. BoitolL— 

Local, ' of Boiwell,' a parish in co, 

Glouc, six miles from Tetbury. 

With Boxtell, cf. Axtell for Axell. 

i.i;7,S. Robert Boiall, New ColL : Rfe. 


1379. John Boull. ( 

The spellings in this register are 
Boxald, Boiold. and Boxwell. 

1750. Married — Robert Boaold and 
Rebeua Vanbrakill: St. Ceo. Cliap. 

170a!''— danlcl Boiall and Sarah 
Ctippi : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. f>- 
Llondon,8, I, o; B«<on(U.S.), o, o. 1. 

Boyoe, Boyi, Boyaa— Local, 

'del Bois," from residence by or in 
a wood ; cf. French Dubois, and 
English Wood and Attwood. 



Rarph 'M Boyi, co. Noifnlk, »»&. 

Hmry dn Boys, MtJ, M. 

Katerina Boyar, 1379 : P. T. York.. 

''rI^bciI Bow, co. Soqu., i Bdw. Ill : 
Kirby'i O""!. p- ■">■ 

John de Boy*, tract oi Fineham, co. 
Korf.. 1,150; FF. vii. 3;7. 

Kobcrt de BnK-o, or Bon iKlor of 
Prilton, m.Norf., 1300: FP.t.ju. 

1490. Bapl,— John, t. Thamu Boyii 
CanlErbiiii> CuhrdiBl, p. 1, 

■ 5M, Julin Boh^ co. Kcnl : Reg. Untr. 
Oif. •oL ii. PI. ii. p. I06. 

1760. Mirrled — John Frnrlall and 
Satanna Bcvcs : Si. Gro. Han. So. f. 01. 

L«idDn, n II, Ii UDB. (NorfolL). rt, 
». oj New York, 37, o, oj PhLladdphla 
CBoy.), I. 

. . . . , «('). 

— !i) Local, 'of Boycott. Lower 
says, ' An estate in co. Salop still 
ptMsessed by the laniily' (P«tr. 
Brit. p. 37) ; v. Bockett for another 
origin of that name. (3^ Local, ' of 
Boycutt,' an extra-parochial liberty 
in CO. Oxford, three miles from 
Buckingham. The evidence is in 
favour of this parentage. 
Johannes de Boykot^ co. Bncki, 

, Johi 

am B«ycate, co. Kent, lUd 
de Boyoxe, 1301, baip 

. HairiMl— Rlehard Boycolt 
lUlpa* : St. Ceo. Han. Sr ' • 
idon, I, Dt 3 ; Crockford, 


Boyd.— BapL and nick. Boidh, 
an Erse name, meaning ^Utic. 

'Bojd, Gael. MM, fair, or yeJIi 
haini A r--'--- -'*,_..._ ,__. .. 
tteward of 
known bv thi 

Arnn ' : Lower, p. 

Ti by Chii appeJIalion, and was an- 
T oF Ihe Lords Boyd, Eails of 
Uran ' : Lower, p. ^7. 

' Grim, the [ranonn of DqlT. reigned 
for ■ ahort tiiK bat wss slain in Inttle, 
in 1004, by Mslcolm, and his oon Boidfa 
ii-ai m aside, and disabled fmn rrign 

'"'BoidhTl^y^acbrth's hrathrr, 1™ 

family'of Boyd ' ! ibid. p. 101, 

1741. Marricd-DonJd Valentine an< 
Cahr Boyd: SL Geo. Chap. Mayfaii 

London, 36 ; Philadelphia, 300- 

e RdiI 

17S7. Mamed.liann ^ytHl'l and 
"--■— ^-e RDilaod: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

Boydeii.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Baldwin,' popularly Bodin, Baw- 
den (q.v.), and Boyden, through 
Fr. Baudoin ; v. Baldwin. 

Boyrdinde Gaunt, 1373. A. 

Thoinu Boydin, ibid. 

Nirholas Boydyn, ibid. 

Ralph Boydin. ibtd. 

igia. Ralph Boydon, Ch. Ch.: Reg. 
Univ. Oif. viol. ii. pi. ii. p. 13. 

1707. Married — Jamea Hriter and 
Martha Boydm; Si, Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 171. 

London, s; New York, 4. 

Boy«p.— Occuj). 'thebowyor'; v. 
Bowyer. This form is found in the 
Chester Play. Among other guilds 
and companies that took part were 
the 'Boyeres, Ftechers, and Strin- 
geres ' (Omierod'sCbeshire,i.3oo). 
' Every boier make . . . two bowes 
ofelme,' 1514 : Fit2herb., Justyce 
Peas CH.E.D.). 

Groffrry le Boyer. T. 
Adam Ii Bolei. E. 
William Boyer, co. Hnnta, U73. A. 
1106. Buit.— Alice, d. Thomas Boyer, 
orbowier: St. Jas. Ckrkenwell, i. 31. 
1608. — John, a. Edward Boyer: ibid. 

ifiiT. Thomas Born-, or Bowyrr, vicar 
Addinehami %hltaker's Cratin, 

Boykatt,— Local ; v. BoycotL 
Boyldo, Boyklns.— Nick, 'the 

boy-kin,' i.e. the littlu boy; cf. 

Wiljun, Pcrkin, Watkin, &c. With 

the genitive Boykins, cf. Wilkins, 

Perkins, Watkina, &c 
Philadelphia, *, i. 

Boyland, Boylan,— Local, 'of 
Boyland.' The place 'Boyland' 
is mentioned in the Hundred Rolls, 
CO. Notf., vol L pp. 473, 476. 

Richard de Boyland, co. Noif,, x> Bdw. 

'Thomas If Boylannd. co. SafF., thid. 
Robert deBoylond, CO. IVi-on, 1173. A. 
Ralph de Boyland. co. Norf., ihid. 
1B06. MsTtied— Thomas Boyland and 
Mary Wool : St. Gra Han. Sq. ii. 347. 
L6ndon, 1. i; PhilaHdphia, 4, 17. 

Braban, Brabant, Braben. 

— Local, 'of BratianI,' natives of 
the Duchy of Brabant Andrew 
Borde speaks of ' Flaunders, Han- 
way, and BrabaOi which be com- 

modious and plentiful contreys ' 
(Soke of Knowledge). 

Mathew le U/t^ Biabayn. 00. Lane.. 
W" LaySDbsidy(Ryland», p. in. 

Gilkin 3e Braban, 3^ Rd*. I: Fmniin 
ofYork(SBTHT.SoE),i. 6. 

Hclis™sdeBrsbayn.«>. Line- 1373. A, 

John Braban, co. SnlT., ibid. 

Saher de Braban. E. 

AnuM lie Braban, 1407. H. 

13X3. Bnried — Susan Brabanc: SL 

nil. — Rniipn Bf^h,-n ihld. p. 31a. 
iia, i^ I, o. 

Brabaiter, Brabner, Bnu 
bl&«r.— Local, ' the Biabaner,' i.e. 
a Dative of the Duchy of Bnban 
or Brabant, more generally ■ le 
BrabanfOn'; v. Brabaion. 

Pelmt Biabaner, 1379: P. T. Yoiks. 

P«™ Brabaynner, i.iTi) : il^d, p. 33». 

Johannes Br^anrr, /cr/sr, 1(70: llrid. 

Adam Bratiancr, 1373 : Ibid. p. 339. 

The name is still found in the 
same county. William Brabiner is, 
or. was, landlord of the Three 
Cranes, Doncastcr (West Rid. Dir., 

Isaliel Brabaner, temp, icja ZZ. 

Ruben Biabaner, ibid. 

" " I, wife of Thoma* 

■ IIh Apouk 

.,,■* Buricd-Ht..,. 
Bia^nder: St Th< 
(London), p. 85. 

London, o, l.o; Boston (U.S.), (^ o, 1. 

Brabason.— Local, ' le Braban- 
fon,' a native of Braban, q.v, 
Thoihas Brabecon, co. York, 1171. A. 
Walter Brabrsen. co, O.f., it»d. 
Ro|Fer le Brabaioiin, Loadon, )0 Edw. 

William Brabaionn, co. Northampt., 

RiwerleBrabanHin, i3o(S. M. 

Reginald le Brebanion. H. 

1601. Hmry Brabaion, co. Warm'.: 
ReK- Univ. Oif. vol ji. p(. ii. p. 148. 

T7i^Married—BamaUB Brabaion and 
Hester Kneu-stub; St. Michael, ComhilL 

London, i ; Crockford, 3 : Philadel- 
phia, I. 

Braoe. — Local; v. Brass. 

Braoebrldge. — Local, ' of 
Bracebridge,'a parish in co. Line., 
two or tliree miles from Lincoln. 

Anketell de Bracebregj;, co. Wanr, 

loiin de Bracebrie', «i. Line., ibid. 
Johannr* de Bracebryg. 1379 : F. T. 

i\u. TiwiDaa BrubrldEP. Mard. ColL : 
I Rcf, Univ. Oif. n^. ii. pt ii. p. O. 



1T54- Uarried— lonuhan BnccbHi^ 
wJ Ann Bell : Sl Geo. iUyiiur, p. iSo. 

Brooegirdla, Braeefflrdler. 
— Occup. ' Ihe bncc-girdier,' 
■bbrcv. to bracegirdle. It iasome- 
what hRrd to define this occu- 
pation. If il refers to 'bracea,' 
tliej are an eariier institution than 
il generally ima^ned. If it be 
a comiptioD of ' breek-girdle ' 
(Uaundeville apcaks of a ' brcek- 
girdle ' in his Travels, p. 50), then 
the difficulty is cleared up. In 
Memories of London (Rilejr) 
mention is made of one John le 
Bregerdelere, and (his stiengtbcns 
tlie latter supposition (v. Brailer). 
Tbe breeches girdle would be 
a waistband. [In the Preston 
Guild Rolls, under date is69,occun 
'William Harryaon, brekenuker' 
(p. ag) ; and twenty jcaia later 
'John Sudell, breeckman ' (p, 3a). 
These may refer to bricknuking or 

ftl•li^i■n Braerrirdle, temp. Elic 3. 
(Wer Btachrgirdle, Qt Bmchginlfe, Of 
Biamniell, Bip. for B.A., Dec. 3, 1S56: 
Rw.Xniv. Oxf. 1. ».ii. 

John BrachEyrdyll, or Breeeht^rdle, 
IU4: ibid. p. 308. 
TimMhe Biu^rdell, 1610: Sc Mary 

Ronr BncrgiRllr, of Hl|^ Leijth, 
JMM»H.16|9: WilhuChrMcr, ii.3D. 

iKi. John Jaman and S«nh Bni«- 
girdlc; SC Anlholln (LondonX p. i.v- 


Braoer, — (i)Occup.'tlie bracer,' 
i. e. the brewer, (a) Occup, 
* possibly a maker of bracera,' the 
arnguard in a suit of armour ; v. 
Bracer (H.E.D.). But (i) I think 
will be found correct ; v. Bracereas. 

RobntkBncer, CO. HnntLI37t. A. 

lodng le Bradatnr, Landon, ibid. 

Arnold Bneiator, ~ " — "^ ■- -■ 

BarthDlomewle Bi 

Waller le Bracu, 

BraOM^eM.— Occup. 'the bra- 
cereas,' i. e. the brewster ; cf. 
Bracer and Braceress with Brewer 

Alkia Bncialrii, ca. dr., im. A. 

BraoewslL— Local, 'of Brace- 
well,' a parish in co. York and 
dioc RipoD. 


1610. CearcF BnHRtl and Hargant 
Hilliin: Maniage Lie (WcMminiler), 

lAifi. Robert Bnceweil and Gnce 

Tollcri MiuriaraLic.(lx«iikn),ii.4J. 
London, 1 ; Wm Riding Court Dir., .V 

Braoken, Braoldii.-^ Local, 

' of Bracken,' a township in the 
parish of Kilnwick. E. Rid. Yorka. 
This surname seems to have thrived 
in the United States. 

1619. Henrv Barbedsc ■ 
Bracken : M.rriacc Lie iLond. 

Brackin : ibid. L jjo. 
MDB. (W. Ri.1. Yorki), j, o ; Phitadet 

Brabenbury.— Local, * of Brack- 
enbury,' a pariah in co. Lincoln, 

R^hert'de'fir^comberijh, co. York. » 
ym^i. B~k™ben:h, co. Lin., 
'^^^ d" BrakenbergK 3+ Edw. 1 : 

ij5|i. Richard Bnu-kenbury: Rpj.Univ. 

MDB. (™! Lin« 

; Crockford, 0,4.0; 


'of Brackley, 

twenty miles from 


1611,. nomas 

Braclly: Reg. Univ. 

1671. Married 
Saraii Turner: S 

n Brackley and Elit Drj'- 
ige Lie. {Famlty Office^ 

'^siwona'S.), 0, I. 

Braooner.— Official, 'the bra- 
coner," a bemer (v. Bemer), one 
who held the hounds in leash ()). 
■ Braconier, the berner' (HaUiwell). 
Perhaps connected with brach 
[Shakespeare), a huntingdog; O.F. 
bntcht (Fr. braqtii), a hound. 

Gilbert k BracoMr, Clote RolL iS 
Edw. 1. 

Ne» Yoik, I. 

Bradbeer.— Local, 'of Brad- 
beer,' i.e. the broad here or byre ; v. 
Beer, and cf. Langabeer, tbe long 
here. Of course a co. Devon sur> 


London, 3 ; Eieter. 1. 

Bradbtime— Local, 'of Brad- 
borne,' « parish in co. Derby, five 
miles from Ashbourne. 

1540. Richard Brsdhonwi Reg. Univ.' 

1661-3. Richard Uofln and Anna 
Braribam: il>id. p. 68. 
PhiUulelphia, i. 

Bradbury, Bradberry,— 

Local, ' of Bredbury,' a township 
in the parish of Stockport. The 
name of the place is found spelt 
Bradbury frequently io old wills, 
Ac. {v. instances under Brookshaw). 
The surname is almost universally 
Bradbury in the present day. 

Jordan de BredbDry, ro. Cheater, uto : 
Eaiwiker'i Enn Cbohirr, il. 40. 

Adam de Biedbw}!, co. Cheater, l.u> 1 

John Biedbury, of Bredhnrr, 16/n: 
Will. Dt Che«rr (is4.(-i6»l. p. 38. 
Alice Bredbury, of HolKrIejF, 16791 

i.559H5o. Henry BradbRTve and Alice 
LeiJiry : Uirriagc Lie (London), >. to. 

i<i6i. Bant.— Robert Bredbury: Fr^- 
bnry Ch. (CheJiire), p. 6. 

Brndbarye IBredborye) : ibid. p. 7. 

i«64. Bapt. — Ei^iind, a '^t^^m.nA 
Bradbory : Diilef Chnirh. 

i«&t- Bapt. — Emiind, 
.Bdbory: DiileyO 
UDB. (We*t Rid^ Vorki), 35, i , (fo. 

CliT»icr^ I, VI nancneaier, 21 
LondoD, lO, o; Fliiladelptaia, 11, 2. 

Bradby.-^ Local, ' of Bradby,' a 
township in the parish of Reptou, 

CO. Derby. 
London, t. 

Bradden, Braddon, Bradra. 
— Local, ' of Bradden,' a parish in 
CO. Northampton, near Towcester, 

Willinm de Bradden, co. Noithampt., 
ua8. M, ' 

WilliiiD de Bradese, co. Sonlhaopt., 

IJ7I. Ednard Braddon and Umla 
Stoker : UniTiaj;e Uc (Faculty Offlo), 





^-"i^^p 1^ 5i 4 < I^ilflJclphia, o, i, S. 

Brwldook, Brlddock. — (i) 
Local, .'of the Bride-oak,' from 
residence thereby ; cf. Ash, Birch, 
ate. A Lane.-Yoris, surnwne (v. 
Brideoake). Ralph Brideoake of 
Hancliester (1613-78) became 
Bishop of Chichester. He was 
also known as Briddock, v. Diet. 
Nat Biog. vL 313. (a) lj>cal, ' of 
Braddock,' a parish in Cornwall ; 
but I do not find any represenu- 

, -mBraddock.CoTpiuCEiriili 

Rg[.UBi», Oirf.i.«i. 

^ ». TSomt, Btaddoet; ibid, ili. 84. 

iigs-6. Willbm KiU ard Franui 

Bru^ek : Hurian Lie (LoiKlon). <i. 118. 

1751. Married— JuBca Bniddwk and 

Marr Uow ; St. Ceo. Chap. MayTait, 

ManchotcT, 3, o; I^ondon, 6, 1 i Pliila. 
iklphii, JS.O- 

BPKdfi«ld.— Local, 'of Brad- 
field,' parishes in cos. Berks, Essex, 
Norfolk, and Suffolk, and smaller 
localilies. ' At the broad field ' 
would naturally give birth to sur- 
names in many parts of the country; 
cf. Broadfield, Broadmeadow. 

William dc Bradefcl, co. Wllti^ Hoi. 
Ill-Edw, I. K. 

RIchanI dr Bradrddt, co. Soma., 
I Edw. Ill : Kirby-> Qusi, p. 37f. 

1750. Ham«l — John Bradficid and 
JancCBii; SI.C«i.CliaD,Mayfair,p.i59. 

London, J; PbiladelpJiia. 17. 

Bnulfbrd.— Local, ■ ofBradford,' 
parishes in W. Rid. Yorks, Wilts, 
Dorset, Soms., and Devon. Also 
two townships io co. Northumber- 
land, and a township, now ■ suburb, 
of Manchester. The 'broad ford' 
would naturally be familiar to 
many places. 

AtnnndrTde BradeTord, co. fiortbmnb.. 
Iia/: KKK. vi. 63. 

Harh d« Biadeford, co. Drvon, 

JolSi dc Biadcford, co. Willa iW 

Alsi. dc BradcTord, to. Horthi 

ws- ' 

Johanna Bradford, CO, Sosu., i Edw. 
: Kirby-. Qb«i, p. »s. 
_^StAutiKm de Brnifefofd, 1J79! P. T. 

Yoiki. p. loj. 

ijSS. Ibrried-lohn Bradford nr. 
Sunah Wyberd : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 

Bradlaugh.— Local, 'of Brad- 
law.' 1 have not been able to 
identify the spot; v. Broad and 

William de Bredlanr, co. Daby, 



le Bradlawe, « 

Hrn. Ill-E^dw, 

Bradley, Bradljr, BradlM— 
Local, 'ofBradley.' Ofcoursethe 
local spots entitled the broad ley, 
i.e. broad meadow, would Datutally 
be expected to be great. There 
are parishes, townships, ti things, 
hamlets, and cbapelries of this 
name in cos. Berks, Che*., Devon, 
Leicester, Hants, Wore, Westm., 
Suff., Stalford, Soms., Wilts, and 
W. Kid. Yorks; cf. Broadmeadow 
and Bradfield. 

Robert de Biadelere, co. Camb,, 

Elite dc Btadrleehe, co. Soma, ibid. 
•■■='■- — -■- --idel^, CO. Devon, 

1 B'riidckgh, 1379; P. T. 

Agnci Brodclcvh^ 1379 : ibid. 

Aeimi dcBiadFlay, 1370; ibid. p. 300. 

Richard de BradleglK, co. Boma, 
I Edw. Ill: Kirbr'>Qiiat.p.iRo. 

Henry dr Biadleyi-, corSoDH-t 1 Edw, 
in^ ibid. p. 103. 

174 J. Uanied-Noah Bradley and Jane 
Baniee : St. Geo. Chap. Uayfair, p. 139. 

London, 51, 6, o 1 Wrat Riding Court 
Dir., 17, o, o; Philadelphia, 332, 1, i. 

Bradnam, Bradnum, Brad- 
man. — Local, 'of Bradenham,' a 
parish in the county of Norfolk i cf. 
Barnum for Bamham. Bradman 
belongs to a somewhat Large class 
of variants of local names ending in 
-enham ; cf. Oeadmon for Deben- 
bam, &c. 

Richard dc BradcDham, co. Norf, 

Alan de Bi 

. Honli, ibid. 

1733-40. Bapl.— Roliert Br 
DioniB Backchurch, p 169. 
London, 6, o, a; M1>B. {. 

de Bradenliani, co, Haif^ 

Bradenham, co. Norf., [337 : 

Bapt.— Roliert Bradnam : St. 

. . . . . . _ . (Norfolk), o, 

..^i «won (U.S.). o, o, 4. 

Bradnay. — Local, (i) ' of Bard- 
ney,' a parish in co. Lincoln, ten 
miles from Homcastle. sometimes 
called Bnulney. (a) ' OfBredney," 
a place in co. Soms. belonging to 

Sir Simon de Bredenie in 1346 


Simon deBradneriie. CO. Sonii., i Edw. 
Ill: Kiibv'iQueiCp'MO. 

John Brodenyne, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
Ill; ibid.p. ari 

Simon de Bardney, mayor of Brialol, 

1670, Bapt—Henrey, i.T^dI Bradney; 
St Thomu the Aponle (London), p. 6^. 

London, i ; Fhiliidclphia, i. 
Bradshaw. — (i) Local, <of 
Bradshaw,'a village in the chapelry 
oflllingworth, nearHali&x. Some 
of the Lancashire Bradshawa are 
sprung from Bradshaw Hall, near 
Wigan (v. Baines'Lanc.ii. pp. 184, 
[97), originally spelt Biad^aigh, 
but the majority from Bradshaw, 
an old chapelry in Botton pari^. 
Indeed, this last mtist be looked 
upon as the true home of four-fifths 
of our Bradshaws. 

Johannei BradcKhave, 1379: P. T. 

Aicunder Bndihnw, of Bradihaw, 
pariih aC Bollon, 1 jfl7 : Willi at Cheater, 

Iticbard Bradshaw, of Bollon, dyrr, 

London, 13 ; W™t Riding Coon Dir., 
11; MancWitcr, 37; BoJton. >o; Phila- 
delphia, 3>. 

Bradstook, Broadatock. — 
Local, ' of Bradenstoke.' a parish 
in dioc. of Salisbury. The abbre- 
viation was ao early one, 

Simon dc BradeRok. co. Oif . 1973. A. 

(Prior) de Bradeneitock. co. Wilts, ibid. 

(Prior) de Bnidstok, CO. Oif., ibid. 

1674. BapL — Jolin, aon of WiUiam 
Bradnock ; 5l Michael, Comhill, p. 14& 

Bradstraat. — Local, 'of the 
broad street,' i.e. the broad paved 
way. Evidently some apot in coi 
Norfolk or Suffolk. 

rt71. John de Bradstrpte, rector of 
Colby, CO. Noff. : KF. vi 433. 

1395-6. Thomaa Boldcro and Ann 
BroadUreet: Uarriage Lie. (Londun, 

1615. Edmund Slalrr and Marearet 
Breditrcele : ibid. iL 153. 

With this latterinstancecCBred- 
bury for Bradbury, q v. 


I7JO. Married— Jonathan Braditmt.oT 
laowich, anij Mary Moulton : SL Uidiad, 
Cornhill, p. 65. 

1761. — RotMI Gamin and Anna 
Elic Bradare« : Sl Geo. Han. Sn. i. 13&. 

London, I : Croekford, i ; UUB. (co. 
SoHolk), 1 ; Fhitaddphia, S. 

BradwalL^Local, 'of Brail- 
well,' parishes in cos. Bucks, 
Suffolk, KDd Essex. Also lown- 
sbipa In COS. Chester and Derby, 

Riduml Brukwelle, co. Sonii., 1 Bdw. 
lit: Klrbr't Qoeu, p. 171. 

HanHMddEBiadewrll.eo.Oif..i97,^ A. 

Rwer de Bradewdlr, co. SalT, ibid. 

Agnei dc Braythcwcll, 1379: P- T. 
Yorlii. p. I7S. 

WilleTmudcBraviho'ell, 1J79: iUd. 

i«3. Sampvin Lftycrofte and Ann 
BradiwII : MirriBee I-h^- (London). 1. ill. 

W»l Rid. Court Uir.. J ; London, 1 ; 
Philadelphia, i. 

Brady. — Local, ' or the broad 
hey,' from residence thereby, i. e. 
the broad enclosure : v. Hey. The 
preat number of Bradys in the 
American directories are moally of 
Irish origin. 

Johanna Bradbn^ 1379 ; P. T. Yoika. 

1587. Crofp! Bradie and Frnncn 
GtnlB! ManiV Lit. (London). L is8. 

1613. Marrifd — John Bnivcr and 
Marie (?)Bradj'e: St. Thomai the Apoille 

1739. — Jamn Brady and Sarah 
Lowinr: St. Gro. Chap. Mayfair, p. igi- 

W« Riding C™rtT)ir,.4i Siiefflcld, 
j\ London. 9 ; Philadtlphift, >70. 

Bra^, Brsffger, Brager.— 

Nick. 'abraggart.'aboaster. 'Brag. 
gere" (Piers Plowmati); ' Brisii. full 
ofspirit'(Halliwell); 1300, ' That 
maketh us so brag" and bold' 

Hcniy Bra^, co. Camh , 1171. A. 

1573. Edvw^ Bra^gc, at London: 
Re». Univ. Oif. ml. ii. pt ii. n, «,(. 

loor. EdmoDd firairpt-, of London : 
ibid. p. a«. 

1705. MarriEd— Jolin Bneg and Mary 

Br&h&m.— (i) Local, 'of Bra- 
ham." AsinlhecaseofBraiio{q.v.) 
I caunot find the place. (9) Bapt 
' the son of Abraham.' Some 
Jewish AbrahalQS have adopted 

Atan de Braham, co. SafT. Iln. A. 
Richard de Biaham, co. SaS., Ibid. 

iHoj, MiTTicd— John Cray and Hun 
iham : Sl Ceo. Han. Sq, ii. 3,35. 
London, S ; Fhiladciphia, 6. 


Braller. — Occup, 'the braeler,' 

a maker of cinctures or sirdles, 
from the Old English brayli, from 
French Ariiw or braye, i.e. breeches, 
whence braul, a band to fasten 
breeches. Sailors still speak of 
' brailing up sails.' Under date 
1355 Mr. Riley, in his Memorials 
of London, gives the 'Articles and 
Ordinances of the Braelers.' He 
also has an account of the burning 
of some gloves and bta^ for being 
false in make and fashion (pp. a^^ 
and 949). 

Rotrcr It Brarler London, 1373, A. 

Stcphca le Biayeler, London. X. 

BraUaford.— Local, ' of Brails- 
ford,' a parish in co. Derby and 
dioc Lichfield, 


Henry dc 
Derby. M. 


^'1678. Thomu ByfL-ld and Ann Brar- 
leiTord ; ibid. p. iHj. 

Bralm, Braime, Braham. — 

Local, ' of Brame,' a local spot that I 
cannot discover. Braham looks tike 
an early muiiialion of Abraham, but 
the instances below evidenllybelong 
to a common stock ; v. Braham. 
Agneide Bnune, 1379! P. T. York* 

'(oiiannHdcBram;, 1379: ibid. p. 198. 
\\'illelmu. Brame, Imrlar. 1,179: ilnd. 

Nicholaas Bmhani, 1179 : ibid, p. Ita. 

1731. Married-Pclerf'.iillon and Mary 

Braem : St. G«. Cliap. Mayfair, p. 301. 

Wni Riding CoartDir., 3, I, I ; Leeds, 

Brain, Bralne, Brayne.— 
I Bapt. Possiblya form of Brand, 
but this is a mere guess. 

ro. Camb, 117.1. A. 
Hunu ibid. 

John I 

o. Cam 

, ibid. 

17,'ii. Married — R 

London, 5, J, i ; New Y 

Bralthwalt«, Braithwai'-,, 
Brathwalt, Brathwaltei 

Breathwolte.— Local, 'of Braith. 
waite.' (i) A hamlet in township 
of Dacre, near Patelcy Bridge, co. 
York ; (9) a hamlet in parish of 
Keighley, co. York; (3) a hamlet 
in parish of Kirk Bramwith, near 

Alan de Br^ihethmii. keitr, aa Edw. 
11: FrwmenofYork, i.33. 

Gfoffrfv de Bcaytnyt, co. York, 
1373- A. 

Alicia Brathwayt, 1379: P. T. Yorkj. 

^V^i^ielmiia de Bratbwol, 1379: ibid. 

^t'llidmu de Btalhwayt, 1379: ibid. 

174*. Married— Mr. Benjaniin Bralh- 
wait and Mrs. Bntery Colea: Sl. Geo. 

Chap. Mayfair, p. 86. 

I7K> — Wil ham Braithwaile and Mary 
CroMhen: ihid.p.186. 

.„j._ .. Bo«Dn(US.Xo. 

'■; jliiladelphui. 

rt Dii., 1: 

•Ri-MiiTiii.ll, Bramall, Bram- 
mall, Bramm&ld, Brootnhall, 
Broomall.— Local, ' of Bramhall,' 
formerly also Bromale. a town* 

ship in the parish of Stockport. 
The variants are of a natural 
character. The d in Brammald is, 
ofcou rse, excrescent ; cf Simrnonds 
for Simmons, Bryant for Bryan. 
The form Broomhall is a reminis- 
cence of firomale, as already 
stated, an early spelling. 


Hugh Bramhall, 

HA'^romall. o 
:hn., 1638; ibid. (1 

Richard Brovall, d 

o Chrt. 

I, fuiiSnr, 




> Boat ijhei.. 

Thus every one of the v 
our modem directories i! 
accounted for, 

MDB. (West Rid. Yorkt). 3, ^ ., 
o; Manchcalei. I, 4. >. O. 4. u : 1 
ddphla, 4.(^0^0.1,11, 

Bramlay.— Local, 'of Bramley,* 
chapelry and village near Leeds. 

■;-Ji a£ 



Nfjrtl de Bramlcyc co. York, iijj, A. 

K'niclmu lie Biamlcy. IJTO- *■ T. 
York*, p. 14G. 

ijs*- Marri e cl- ThoniM Hancock and 
l^jiiiibcthBruBley: St. Gca Chap. Ua]^ 

'"\('en tUdinf Coart tHr, ti; New 
York, .. 

BrtunptOQ- — Local, 'orBmmp- 
ton,' parishes, townships, &c, in 
CO). Cumb., Norf., Derby. Line, 
Hunts, IfDrtlunipton,.aDd SufT. 

Geoffrey de Buapton, co. Hants, 

Brian dc BramMDii. co. CIdbc. ibid. 
Alan de Bramtone. co. Cambi. ihirl. 
WilliiDi de Bninptoa. co. Oif., ibid. 
Adam de BiampIDn, co. Line, loEdw. 

lohnde Bnmpton, co. Herct, Hen. 
III-Edw.I. K. 

Wr *"■ de BnmMOB, 00. NoriL Hen, 
tINEdT.I. K. 

1(01. Thoniai Brnnpton and Johanna 
K^oee ■ Marriarr Lie. (LondoaX ' — 

London,! 1 ftil--'-'-'-'- - 

Branolt.— Local. ' of Branch,' 
a hundred in co. Wills. 

Thcmai Braoncbe, C. R., 1 Rdw. I. 
Benjamin BrincHe, co. Snff., UTj. A. 
loanaa Branche, co. Sooi*., ibid. 
Joanna de Brannche. co. Som*.. itiM. 
17J0. Mairied— John Prince and Manr 
Branch : St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair. p. 1B7. 
London. 11; MDE (ca Soma), 1; 

Brftnd, Brandt,— Bapi. ' the 

son of Brand'; said to be still in 
use in Iceland as a fontal name. 
In England it had gone out of use 
before the 13th century began. 
William Brand, or Brant, c& Lhic, 

Brand, ro. Oif, itTt A. 
- ■ - Oiif.,ibid. 

..J ., „.. Norf, ihid. 

it66. Harried— John Brand 
tfiClabb: St. (>o. Han. Si 

koben BrMd. a 

d and Eliu. 

London, If, 9 ; Hiiladelphla, jo, 51. 

Bran don.— Local,' ofBrandon,* 
partahes in CO. Norfolk; alsotown- 
ships in cos. Durham and North- 
umberland ; also a hamlet in co. 
Warwick, in the parish of 

Hacota da Brandoo, ctatmam, 1370 : 

iti}>-i. Rkhard Bantca and Sean Bran. 
don; Hafriage Uc {Faeah)> OIB«X 


i6M' Married — Edward Smith and 
Alice Brandon : Si. Thoma* the Apoxlc 
(London), p. 15. 

1791. -Wifliam Brandon and Har, 
gaiel BllMI ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. li. 57. 

London, 19 ; New York, 16. 

Br&ndwln, Brangwln, 

Brangwyn. — Btpt. ■ the son oj 
Brandwin'; cf, Unwin, Baldwin, 
Godwin, See. ; v. Brand. Miss 
Yonge says, ' Brengwain, (. Eng.- 
Kelt. white bosom 'i Glossary, 
p. xzxvii. 

Alicia Brandewrne, 15^: Fbt. Roll, 
33 Edw. in. 

1671, Bniird — John BranEwin; St. 
Dionia Bnckihnrch, f.i-y). 

(l) Bapt 'the 
of Brand.' q.v. (a) Local, 'of 
Branson,' a township in the parish 
of BurtoD-on-Trent, co. Stafford. 
Apie. Branson, 1379 : P. T. Yorka 

■£3. Buried — JohD BranaooB : St. 
Aniholio (London), p. 57. 

1708. Baiit.— Ann. d. Wiillam Brand- 
>on; 5Lj>«erni.4>. 

London, 4 : Weat Rid. Coart Dir., 
5 1 Fhiladclphla, 44. 

BraiiBtoD. — (1) Localj'ofBran- 
ston,' a parish in dioc Lincoln ; 
(9) 'of Branstone,' parishes rn 
diocs. Lichfield and Petrrborouf h ; 
^3) ' of Braunston,' a parish in dioc. 
Peler^xirough ; (4) 'of Bnuixton,' 
a parish in dioc. Durham. 

Richard de Brandeaton, co. Horf, 

William de BraneilDn, co. Korthnmb., 

Brftnt.— BapL ' Iheson of Brand,* 
or 'Brandt,' q.v.; cf. Blund and 

Wimer Bianl, co. Norf., 1173. A. 

Walter Brant, co. Unc,.>b(d. 

1615. John Brant and Mary Maiali: 
Marriage Ljc. I London), ii. ». 

1750. Manied— Richard Manday and 
Hannah Brant: St. Aniholin (LondonX 

London, 4.; Hilladdphia, id. 

Branthwalte, Branwhlto. — 
Local, ' of Brunthwaite,* a hamlet 
in th« pvish of KildWick, n^r 

Skipton, CO. Yorks. With the 
corrupted Bran white, cf, Apple- 
white for Applethwaite. or Hebble- 
while for Hebbtetfawaite, 

Robert Brownthwayt, 1379 : P. T. 
Yorka, p, 151, 

ThoinudeBTaintwayt,i379 : ibid.p.389. 

Johaanei Bramlwayt. 1379: ibid. 

141H. Anora Brannlhwayl: Cal. of, 
Willi in CiHirt of HaatinE (3). 

i(iM. William BranlhniU: Reg. L'nir. 

ii64rblpt-— UaiT, d.Bloai Biannhite ; 
Sl.Feler. Comhlll,<i.4a, 

London, o 1 : MDB. (co. Wttlm\ i, 
o; Boston <U.S.Xo, 1, 

BrantOD.^-Locat, 'ofBranton.' 
Branton, or Brampton, is a hamlet 
in the parish of Cantley, West Rid. 
Yorks ; v. Brampton. 

Johaanei Branton, 1379 : P, T. Yorki. 

"^London, 3: We«t Riding Coart Dir.. 
I ) Phlladeiphio, 3. 

Branwhlte.— Local; a corrup- 
tion of Branthwaitc, q,v. 

Braadafer. — Nick. ' iron-arm,' 
or ' arm of iron,' a sobriqnet for one 
of great physical strength ; v. Fire- 

Waller Braidefer. E, 

Simon Braidefer. E. 

Michael Biaadcfer. BB, 
Cf. Armstrong and Strongitharm. 
The name seems . obsolete in 
EngUnd. but Pedefer has a strong 
position ; v. Pettifer. 

Brashler, Braaaler ; v. 


Braaa, Brace. ~( i)Local ; pro- 
bably a form of BrBose, for which 
V. Enice. (a) Local, ' of Brace.' a 
pariah in dioc. Hereford, co. Salop. 

Nicholas de Braa, co. Bncki, 30 Edw. 

KirhY'iQueil. p-iiB, 

WiilelinD* Btaise, il^band. 1379: 
P. T. Howiiemhlre, p. 39. 

Jnliana Braa, vijua. 1379 ! P-T. York*. 

Johan Braae. 1370 : tUd. p. 43, 

1^1. Thomas Brace, eu, SVorc. : Reg. 
Univ. 0»(. vol,, ii. p. 110. 

1.TO4. John =0- Wore: ibid. 

1607. Bapt. — Ann, d.of Antony BiaiSi 
St. Jat Clei kenwell, I. 373. 
.Uwdoi^ 3. i> i I'>>i>^P''K 5. 4- 


.„ Bxcj^i, ibid. 
of £dmoTid Bran^ 
Baekchurch, p. Ai 
•on of Eilrnond 


BrBMoy, BrtMvy, Braoy.— 
Local, ' of Brtci," I in Normandy ; 
cC Vessey, undoubtedly for Ve»ci, 
a Norman local name. 

Alice dfl BkkL co- Canb.« un- A. 

BHu d* Braci, co. Oif., IMd. 

Kichard de Braci. co. Oif, ibid. 

Gilbende Braey, ■ ~ 
* Tkomai Bracrr, h 
1,(67: Ree. Si. Dioni 

Bdmond Bncyt, 
Bracy, (569: ibid. 

TbonM BraraTF, ion 
Branre IJ75 : ibid. p. 81 

back Braasye, kki of Edmond BrsBje, 
1578: ibid.p.B3. 

'SS3-4- Thomaj Bnaayc and Anne 
Ober ; Uairiaici L-c. fLondon), L 14. 

London, I, 4, oj FliilsdclpMit, o, 3, 5. 

Bratton.— Local, ' of Bratton," 
a chapelry in the parish of West- 
bury, CO. Wilts. 

JiAn de BiKtion, CO. Som^., t Edv. 
Ill : Kirby'i Quen, p. 148. 

Emaut de ft'itton, co. Soma., 1 Edw. 
Ill: ibid. 

Godfrey de Brattnn, co. Wilts 1173. A. 

I79«i Mamed— Wilnam Rtahudi and 
UaryBrairon : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. H. no. 

London, i ; FhiladeJpliii, 14. 

Brum, Braund.— (i) Bapt. 
' the son of Brand,' q.v. (a) Bapt 
■the son of Bryan,' q.v. With the 
excrescent d, tf. the 

i66o~!. Rick 

ic. (FacnlPr O 

Henry de Bray, co. Devon, ibid. 
Gnndmlii dr Bray, co. Devon, ibid. 
1,179. Silvener Bra^, co. Oif. ; Rtg. 

London. )8 : Philaiielphia, 31. 

BT&^brook. — Local, 'ofBray- 
brooke,' a parish in co. Korthamp- 
ton, near Market Harborough. 

Hmcy dn Bravbroc, co. Line, 1373. A, 

lohn de Braybrock, co. Buck*, ibid. 

Robert de Biayb.olt, co. Back., ibid. 

t6i6. Jol)nCaiTandE1ii.Braybrooke: 
Maciiaee Lie. (London), ii. 171. 

London. 3. 

Brayw.— Occup. 'the bnyer, 
one who bray sorpoundsina mortar 

Godfrey le Brayer, co. Otf , 13 

Brayshair. , 

' of Bradshaw,' q.v. 
HDB. CWMlR;d.YorfctX",»; Phila- 

Braaier, Braahier. Brarier, 
Braaer, Braaher.— pccup. *the 
brazier,' ■ worker in brass. 'Bna- 
yere,/»arji«': Prompt.Parv. 'Pav- 
yers, bell-makers, and" brasyers': 
Cocke Lorelle's Bote. 

ifii?. Married— Peter Cfarke, bratitr, 
and Ellx. Ciieley : Si. Michael, Comhill, 

Robert le Bnzur. G 

Tlwniai Bruyrr, C. R.. jj Hen. VI. 

■ SS3-+. Thomas Sempr and Eleoe 

*' " ^'aniaee Lie. (London), L a 

!>or£; BoiLr, CO. \Jip: 



Braaoh.— Local, 'of the breach,' 
i.e. the break in the land. 
lohndeUBieche, eo.Wilu. IJ7V A. 
laaak de la Breche, n. Oif.. ibid. 
I»ta atte Brecl^ Co. Soma., I Edw. Ill : 

1803. Marriej— William Breach and 
Eocy Merrill : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 359. 
London, 4 ; BuKon (U.S.X 3. 

Bnadmongater,— Occup. ' the 

breadmongster,' a curious feminine 
of bread monger. 

Sara lived in London. 

Breafcbalk.— Nick. J one who 
could win at the balk-staff, or quar- 
ter-staff; one who could shiver his 
opponent's lance : c£ Breakspear, 
V. Balk, ji6. 14 (H.E.D,), 

Adam Brekebalk, 1979 : P. T. Yorki. 

Breakipear, Breakspeare, 
Brakapaar. — Nick, One of a 
large list of sobriquets that have 
become hereditary from the badge 
of olBce, or ensign of authority, or 
weapon carried (v. Shhkcspear). 
Like ' Bruselance ' and 'Crack- 

■hield.'Breakspearwould be cheer- 
fully accepted as a "'-fc"""— hg 
the aucccaxfiil candidate in the 


lliva Bnkcapen 

C. R„ J Hen. IV. 
ifi;^: Sl DIonia 

h iLond 

i66s. Buried-1 , 

St. Tlioma* the Apoitle (Londonl p. I}& 

Top^am (CD. Devon), o, u 1 ; UDRCco. 
Oiford), I, I, I ; Oifonl icityj, 3. o, o. 

Brear, Biaars— Local, ' at the 
brere,' i.e. briar-bush. H.E. brtrt : 
' — iharp aa brrre.' 

Chancer, C. T. 9699. 
CC Brearley and Brereton. Brear 
well-known Yorks. surname. 

John In le 

rJ7i A. 

1: 1p. T. 

Ricardm Brere, 1379: Ibid. p. 338. 
Hobenu* Brere, ijto : iWd.jk 341. 
1759. Married — Roben Sharp and 
Sarih Breari : Sl Geo. Han. Sq. f. 8j. 
1T80. —John Betieley and Elia. Brear : 

WeM Ridiiur Court Dir,, 7, o: MDB. 
<co. UncDlni o, J ; (Wen Am>s Yorka), 
D, 4 ; Philadelphia, t. o. 

Brearley, Biierley, Brierly. 
—Local, 'of Briarley.' a township 
in tb« parish of Felkirk, co. York. 

JolianiKi dc Brerelay, eUrJt. 13 Ric II : 
Freemen ofYork, i. go. 

Adam de Brerelay, bwht, 13 Ric II ; 

17^3. Married— John Crother and Mary 
Brearley : St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair. p. 3J4- 

London, o, 4, 1 ; BoMon (U.S.), i, o, D. 

BreathWalta ; v. Braithwaite. 

Braadon, Breeden, Brlddon, 
Bridden.— (i) Local." ofBredon.' 
a parish in co. Worcester, near 
Tewkesbury; (a) • of Breedon,' a 
parish in co. Leicester, near Asbby- 

:., Hen. III- 


e Bredon, c< 


de Brrdnn, Co. Derby, liJJ. A. 

.709, Married — Luke Breedon 
MuKaret Binyon : Sl. Jaa. Clerkei 

eg. Uni; 

■■"W'al Riding Conn Dir., i, 1, *, o; 
Sheffield, o, o, t o ; Bo«on (U.S.J, o, 4. 
o, o; New York (Briddon), ii^hila- 
delpliia (Briddenl, 1. 

Breeae, Braeae.— Bapt 'the 
son of Ree*,' Welsh Ab-Reea ; cC 

D,y.:,.eQ by t^OOg Ic 

Bethdl, Bloyd, BcDyon, Bowen, 
ftc. Breeze ia an imitative form, 
and is a TainiliBr Bunuune on the 
South Welsh border. Of coune, 
Breese and Breeze arc but variams 
of Pree« or Price ! v. Brice. 

Robert Broc of t^»llon. co. CbcMcr. 
IwwMa, i«66 : Wilb U Chnter (1660- 
'lSo\ p. A 

Rjehud BrecK, of the dIT oT CbeMn, 

r. or London Un 

17JO. MarrM - William Cmn and 
RIb. BrMw; Sl Cm, CUp. Majfair, 

John Bnnch. co. Soma., 1 Edw. til: 
Kfrbr'aQacM, p.31). 
Ralph Bnnch, CO. Moau, 1173. A. 

Branehl*;.— Local, 'ofBrench- 
)ey,' a parish id co. K«ot, near 

17)18. Married— Thomaa Bicndilry and 
Sarah UoUci: St. G«. Han. Sq. it. 2. 

London, 7 ; MDB. (co. Kent), 7. 

Brand —Local, ' at the brend.' 
*B™/. Bleep. North ■(Halliwell). 
A probable subs, 'm steep,' a de- 
clivitous hill; cf. Brand and 

Srinan dd Brpm), maritiir, i> Edw. 
11: FreemaiofYork, i. IS. 

WiUclran. dd Br™t ijTo : P. T. 

Breanan, Bremumd, Bur* 
nnnd. Brennard.— Bapt. 'the 
SOD of Brennand.' Brennsrd is a 
corruption, v. Brenbaud, infra. 

Simon Bmhaod, co. Camb., 1J71. A. 

Cecil Brenhand, co. No.U, itid." 

Jofaaaoea BrjanehaDd, 1379 ; P. T. 

Kobenn* Brennand, 1370: iUd. p. 145. 

Adam Bnnund, 1379 : ibid. p. 34S. 

1S06. Marricd-Francia Brennan and 

Eliiabelh Bantett: Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 

BrenniDg.— Bapt 'Ihe son of 
Brenning,' seemingly a variant of 
Brownini. The two followiDg 

Soma., I Edw 

entries occur together, with one 
olher entry only intervening : 

William Brennjug, co. Soma.. 1 Edw. 
Ill; Kirhv-. Qaert, p. 

WHIiam Broonyni. . 
Ill : ibid. 

Brent. — Local, 'of Brent," 
parishes in co. Somerset, Devon, 
and Suffblk. 

imp. Hen. Ill: FF. 



Robert de Bna . .. . 

Fauikua de BicnK. 

Robert de Brente, 

III: Kirbj'i Qaeat, p 

Eichard BmiLe: 
St. Maty AitRrmaiY, p. 71. 

1637. Thomaa Brent and GJeanor 
Sirood : MarrinEc Lie (London), i. lu. 

1671. Benjamin Taynton and lodilh 
Brent: Uarria^ Aiicg*. (Canterbury), 

London, 7; New York, 3. 

Broatford,— Local, 'of Brent- 
ford,' a nurket-towrn in co. Middle- 
sex, of which it is the county town. 

Philadelphia. 1. 

Breioton. — Local, (i) 'of 
Brearton,' a village in Ihe parish 
of Knaresborougb, co. York; (a} 
' of Brereton,' a villafe three miles 
from Sandbach, co. Chester. 

William de Brenon, arttnltr, 6 Edw. 
II: FreemenofYork. i, 1,^. 

Adam de Bnreton. 1379; P.T.YDiki. 

RoberlDi de Btrreton, 1,479 ' 'bid. 

Thomaa de Brereton, 1370: ibid. p. 100. 

William Brereton. of ttrireioii. co. 
Cbea,, 1601: WillaalChntrt, LI8. 

Amy Brereton. of Chea., 1616: ibid. 

nB^. John BTTTcton and Margaret 
Kemplon : Mairiasc Lie. (London), C 141. 

i6aS. Bapt-^Elii., d. Thomaa BHar. 
too : Sl Jaa. Clerkenwrli. i. 366. 

London, 4 ; Manchnter, 4 ; New 

Eretherton.— Local, 'of Bre- 
tberton,' a township in the parish 
of Croston, co. Lancashire. 

Henry de Brethirton, 1397 : Proton 


Ric. dc Bftthinon, 1397 : ibid. p. 6. 

fl,^.....!.!!— ihi^^ T.T*. :kij » 


: Sl Geo. 
; Preaton, 

Br«tt.— Local, 'le Brit,' a native 
of Brittany. 

Bnt, CO. Northamp., Hen. 

IIl-Edw. I. K, 

II : FF. ia. 1J4. 
Ricardui lelret, 


Devon, ikid. ■ 

'SS9-('>- William Brett and Johanna 
Hava-ard : MaTriaaE Lie. (London), i. an. 

1614. BapL— Martha, d Ceorre Brelt ; 
St. Jaa. ClerkenwelL i lOO. 

1773. Married— Abell Brett and Ann 
Wetlon : St. Geo. Han. Sq. 1. 33t>. 

Lontlon, 36 ; Philadelphia, 14. 

Brovlt«r, Brerltor, Br«tt«r, 
Br«Tetor.— Official, ' the breve- 
tour,' B private clerk, a writer of 
brevets for his lord ; probably ana* 
It>gous to a private secretary ; from 
bnvtl, dim, of brief; a letter. Still 
more probably one whose duty it 
was to note down household ex- 
penses, a clerk to (he steward. 

'At counting atnardachalle ben, 

Tyll alle be traitl oFnaa so Errne.' 
Buke orCunaiyt'. 

•The clerkr oT the kitchen ihalle atk 

■ Bmieloine, bmiie"'ului' ; Prompt. 

Peter le Brereloqr, 1301. M. 

Ely le Breieler. O. 

Richard Brevyter. Z. 

The name has never died out, 
although it has ever been rare. It 
is lound in 1580 as Breviier in a 
Cambridge list (v. Hist. C.C.C. 
Camb., index). Brettcr is a mani- 
fest comiption, and is found so 
sptdled in the Calendar to Plead- 
ings (Elizabeth). Still exists; Mr. 
Brevilor (Standard, March aj, 

1BS6, p. 3, col. ^). 

New York, 0,0, 0,1. 

Brawar. — Occup. ' the brewer,' 
(v. Brewster). Only one or two 
instances occur in the Hundred 

John le Brewer, co. Soma., I Edw. Ill : 

f^T. o>r. »i! i 




St. Geo 

London, %&; Phila 



Brawery. — Local, ' at the 
brewery'; v. Brewhouse. 
Rrynfny dr la BcMre, CO. Can.b., 

TlmoiM de 1» Bniwr, co. Carah.. ibid. 
Robnt de 1« Brarir, co. Oif.. ibid. 
Wslter de Is Brnario, temp. i]ou. M. 

Bra whouse.BrewiB^Fowsa . 
—Local, 'ofthe brewhouse.' Mr. 
Lower says, 'a known eomiplion 
of Braose.' now Brieuse, ia Nor- 
mandy. Why not brewhouse 1 

WalUT Gl. Has* drl Bnuhoui, 31 
Edw. l! FiwmenofYork, i. 9, 

Hugo dsl BrcwhouH, IJ79 : P- T. 

Md Sc Bn^wooK, C R., 1 Edw, III. 

170J. Uatripd_Hniry WylKVand Ann 
BrcwBoiue : St. Parr. tonJiill, li. (U. 

1730. Bart.— SmuIi, d. of Si»[*en 
Brrwhonw : St. Ja*. aCTkeii«l1, i. 14s- 

1760. MaiTinl-r.ietanoCoiiandAnn 
BrohDi : St. Ga>. Han. Sq. I. 94. 

LcHidun, o, I, I. 

Browir.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Brun ' ; v. Brown and Brune. 

tgax. Marrifd— Rmrer Brrnrrn HndSn. 
■anna Harrii: St. MicIikI. Conhill, p. 15. 

1609. Bh|N.— Dorothee, d. Thomai 
Bnia : ibid. p. loS. 

London, I ; FhiladdpUa, 3 : Boacon 
(U.S.). .. 

Brawator.— Occup. ' the brew- 
3ter,' with the feminine aafEx 
because it was probably a woman's 
business at first ; cf. mallsftr, spin- 
altr, and Baxter. 

Alicia de Wrimomr. bnutUr, 6 Edw. 
II; F>EcnirnorYorfc.i. ■«. 

Matilda Clerk, irvdatrix, Mn ■ P- T. 
VorlM. p 300. 

Thmiai BrenMar, 1379 : ibid. p. 17. 

tiabella Bre«re«ter, iJTO- ibid. p. ,■!. 

EmmalaBmntenvco-^DCks, r]73.A. 

1387 Rob<«Brcwm«-,co.Sottl>Bnipt.: 
R^. UoiT. Oif. Ml. ii. pt. ii. p. 161. 

1740. M«rri«l— John Brewrt'r and 
Rebecca Wild: St. Gea CtiKf. Uixfair, 

London, S ; Philadelphia. 96. 
BriftD, Briant. — Bapt. ; v, 

Brlos, Erioot, Bryoa, Bry- 

■on (I).— (i") Bapt. 'the son of 
Brice/ dim. Bricot. (a) Bapi ' the 
son of Rice ' (Welsh), from Ap 
Ab-Kice ; cf. Breeie for Ab-Reea, 
Bloyd for Ab- Lloyd, &c ; v. Bi 
and Price. Although, no doubt, (9) 
lias some share in the parentage of 
Brice, (i)is the true souite. A few 
inslances will be suffident evidence. 

Briec Gl. William, co. L^nc, Ii73- A. 

Brice de Bradeleffh, co. Somi,, ibid. 

Jalin Brice, co. Camb., ibid. 

Briciaa de Penred, CO. Cnmb., Hen. IK- 
■Aw. I. K. 

John Brice, fo. Soma.. I Bdn'. III! 

BriciDi le Daneyi, co. Rnllasd. R. 

Bricot de Bminten. MM, 

As a font-name I find no trace 
if Brice aClerthe Reformation, nor 
ndeed for several generations 
before, but it must have been fairly 
popular in the hereditary surname 
period, judging bj the strong 
establishment of the surname in 
present directories. Bryson 
(possibly Brideson. now Bridson) 
isearly met with in Henry fiL Brice 
(.V. 8), and Bamabe Brisson (V. 4). 

fair,'p. J4«. , „ J „ I 

1700. — Alei. Bryum and Haniiab 
Rred: Sl Ceo. Han. Si), ii, 51. 

London, 10, o, 3, 4 1 Philadelphia. »7. 
o, o, tj. 

Brlokdole Local,' of the Brig- 
dale (I),' i.e. the bridge-valley (I) ; 
cf. Philbiick for Feibridge- The 
suffix -brig ollen becomes brick ; cf. 
Maybrick, Warbrick, &c. The 
simple deriTRlion ia ' the bridge that 
led into the dale'; v. Bridgt — 
Brigg, and Dale. 


Briokstt.— (1I Bapt. 'the son 
of Burcfaard'; V. Buckett and Bur- 
cheU. The corruptions are all 
traceable. The r is transferred to 
the first syllable, as in Brodrick for 
Balderick. In liis Index to Mar- 
riage Licences(London)(be editor 
refers the reader from Buckclt to 
Brickett (a) Local, 'at the birk- 
head,' i.e. from residence thereby. 
There is much evidence in favour 
of this as the true parent; v. Birkett 
for meaning. 


This is Gonfinnatoiy of the 

John Brytkett, co. Monhanpt. : 

RcE- UaiT. OkT. vol. ii. pt. il. p. 161. 

The editor refers the reader to 
Birkhead. In this case the sur- 

■me is again local. 

Brtokman. — Occup. ' the 

ridge-man ' (v. Bridgman), of 
which an early form would be 
ig-man : cf. Brigg- This, of 
irw, became Brickman ; cf. 
Hickman and Higman ; v. Phil- 

Roll, 3 Bd>. VI, 


i^«4. Married -NicholBi Brieman and 

li Mllmon : St. AnthoUn (Londnn). p 17. 

1567, Edward Biickman: Reg. Unii. 

London,'' t^ ^iiadelphla, 1 ; New 

Brioknell ftnd Brloknall.— 
Local ; v. BrignalL 

Brlddon, — Local; v. Breedon. 

Brldeoafcs.— Local. This sur- 
name seems to have come from 
Yorkshire into Lancashire. From 
Manchester it reached the neigh- 
bouring town of Oldham, where it 
still thrives, 

' Ralph Brideoake (1611-7^ biidiop 
of Saiiebarr, wai of lowly parcntaze. 
being ion or Richard Bridecake, or 
Briddock, of Cheetham HIIL Manchea- 
ler': Diet. Nat. Biuff. vi 3r1, 

ijat. Ralph Brrdock, of Gatedde, a 
brnelador to Tyne-Bridn : Brand'* Uiit 

Robert Bndoki^ (334- DDD, !>■ '*'- 

Johanna Brydii'. 1379 i P. T. Yotkt 

Ralph Brrdok, 1403. 
"Jwd Brldo--" -" 

[620), p- 10. 
lane Biidcoak, of Cheetham : ibid. 

' Ed>?rd%nldock, of Cbeetham : ibid. 
(i6«j>*.\ p. 39- 
Oldham, 1, 

Bridge, Brldgas.— (i) Local, 
' at the bridge.' The variant 
Bridges is not a plural form. It 
answers to Brooks, Holmes, Styles, 
&c., and probably reprcsenla the 
genitival », as in Williams, Jones, 
Roberta, Coles, fiic. (v. Briggs). 
(a) Local (as regards Bridges), ' of 

Saber de Bmjrn. E. 
Oliver dt BniKe^ ibid. 



The two following entries refer 
to the Mme Individual 

Cils Brara wu aciKd of Ihc munor 
el Archer Siokc, w. CUnc. 6 Edw. IV 
Atkjm'i His. Gloic. p. iS6. 

Gikfl Brydges, died Kised of the mmnoi 
of Sloke-Archcrd^ ™. Gtooc, 3 Hen. 
VI H ; ibid. 

The next two entries bring u: 
back to Bridge, of purely English 

Robert atte BnmK co. Soou-, 
III; i-i-t-'- "--='-' — 



.-d — Ann Bridge: St. 

ackcfagrch, p. 140. 

1736. MuTicd— Samuel CalJerawd 
and Mary Briikrea : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. Lis. 

London, 11, 11; New York, 10, j. 

Brldge>eiid. — Local, 'at the 
bridge-end,' from residence there 
by 1 V. Townscnd or Woodcnd. 

John ate Bnige-eade, ca Oif., 117]. A. 

Stephen alte BrijteDde. B. 
Bridgafbrd. — Local, ' of 

Bridgeford.' 1 cannot find the 

Domimu drBri[tford,«.Soiiu., 1 17J- A , 

i<il9. Buried— Ajmea, wUe of Thamii 

Bridgtort: St. Jaa. (:JerkeDwell. ir. 146. 

1791. Uarried— Geoive Bridreford and 
Rarafc Gretlon : Si. Geo. Han. Sg. ii. 71. 

London, t ; BoBon {V.S.}, i. 

Brldger. — Local and occup. 
' the bridger,' one who lived at the 
bridge ; ef Bridgman. This sur- 
name belongs to the same class as 
Churcher, Kirker, Brooker, and 
Grosser. It is probable tbat the 
bridger, like the bridgenan, look 


a le Brlfvere, co. Soma., 

158J. HenrT^ridnT. ea 
UnSTOif, vol. ii. M. ii. p. L„. 

lAoa. SaniBd bridger, co. Cloac. : 
ibid. p. jjd. 

John BridreT, lemp, Elli. Z. 

1677. Hmiy Bridger and Elinbelh 
Bodgen : Ifarrlage Ijc. (CanleTbnry). 

lioi. Harried— Richard Bridgn and 
Mar; Anne Whallon : Si. Cm. Han. 

^.^Iidon, 16 : New York, 1 ; Phila- 
delphia, I. 

Bridgaw»t«r. — Local, ' of 
Bridgewater.'a seaport and market- 
town in CO. SometseL 


1741. Mamed'-John Bridrwater and 

Ann Hanly : Sl.Geo. Chap. Ukylt.\r, 

1 745. Bailed— BridgKiter: Si. Michael, 

1760. Mameit- John Banni and Mar- 
guni Bridgewaten Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i.97. 
London, 4 ; Philadelphia, j. 

Bridgman, Bridgoman. — 

Local and occup. ' the bridge- 
man,' one who resided at the 
bridge and took tolL Sometimes 
simply a resident by a bridge. 

Ji^annea Brigenmn, 1379 : P. T. Yorlia. 

1^. John Bridgman, m. Gloat, ; 

-^"^'Winter BTidgmtui, co. gIodc. : 
^>64(.7. ■- — «-^— --- 

5-7.« Brie 
■y : Barriage I 

L.Z. (F»ci 

1706, Mairied-Jamea Bridgman and 
Hannah Treader: St. Geo-Han.^.ii.iu. 
London, 11, 3 ; Ne* York, 5, 3. 
Bilan. — BapL - Ihesonof Brien'j 

Brler,Briera. — Loc. ; v. Brear. 

LondoB, I, I ; Philadelphia, 4, 1. 

Birtorley.— Local ; v. Brearley. 

Brigg, Brl^^.— Local, 'at the 
bridge,' from residence thereby; 
H.E.Anjj^icf.Briggate, in Leeds. 
' Brygge, pons ' : Prompt. Parv. 
Brigg is a well-known Yorkshire 

Hngh ale Bnign. co. Omr,, 1173. A. 
Kofer ale Btngn, co. Otl., ibid. 
Anlce atte BngKC. Chiae Rotl,B Edw. L 
Roger del Brigge. U. 
SamalteBn^ B. 
Juliana del Bryg, 1379: P. T. Yorki, 

RobertDi atte Brig, 1379 : ibid. p. 93. 

R.cardo. aite Brygg, i37<l : iWi p. 4j. 

Simon AlIe.bHg, i^r aTSlalham, co. 
Notf., 13J5: FF.H. 344. 

Rogn Allebrigge, reOor of Soolh 
Pickerham, CO. Norf., 1338: ibid. vi. 74, 

i6ij. William Ciippet and Jaliona 
BrigEi : Maniage Lie. (London), ii. 31. 

*« Riding^ Cootl Dir., 14, 44 ; 
London, 3, 49 ; Philadelphia, i. S7. 

Brighouae.— Local, 'of Brig- 
house,' a hamlet about five miles 
from Halifax, co. York. 

Johwmea de Brighoiu', 1379: P. T. 

1605, Robert Brighoue: Reg. L'nir. 
orf. i. 3S6. 

]6to. tienjaminBrigghowvcand Anne 
okTcb : Uarriagc Lie (London), it. J38- 

1787. Mairied-John Briihoiue and 
Mai^arel Richerda: Sl Geo. Han. Sq. 


Bright. — Bapt. 'the son of 
BrichL' In Domesday, ' Bright,' 

CO. Suffolk, is found as a suffix in 
Albrecht (now Albert, and as a 
surname Allbrighl), or as an affix 
in Brightwen (q.v.), and such early 
personal names as Brichtfrid, 
Brichtmar, Brichtric, or Brichtstar 
(v. Yonge's Glossary) = bright, 
clear, shining, namiog.jobnBrighl's 
son, Mr. Albert Bright, bear? twice 
the name his lather has immor- 
talized. As regards the style of 
the great Tribune's oratory, too, no 
title could be more fitting. So 
does Time bring round [he changes, 

Bricloi le Blake, Hen. IlI-Edw.L K. 

HencrBrite,co.Oif., i>73. A. 

Waller Briih, co. Backi, tUd. 

Roger Brihl, co. Oif., iWd. 

WiTliain Bricht, co. Norf., ibid. 

Adiun Bryle, co. Somi., 1 Edw. HI: 

Simon Bn^t, Norwich, 1514 : FF. iv. 
^iUiam Bnrghi, prior of PelerMan, ro. 

jraoj Bright: St. Michael Comhiil, p. (14. 
London, .5; New York, u. '' 

t^T— Bapt -thesoDof BHghtcve' 
(• Brichteva, fem. Nor.-Teu. bright 
gift': Yonge, ii. 405). TheBrigbt- 
is variants dwelt 
CO. Norfolk, and 

suspect Brightey and Brighty, in 
the neighbouring counties of Lin- 
coln, Cambridge, jcc, are popu- 
larized forms. 

Edisand Brighlyeve, or Briliff, 14(17, 
:o.Nori.;, 179- 

John Brighter, CO. Norf., 1497: ibid. 

John Brighlif, rector of Francham 
Magnn, CO. Norf., 1530 ! ibid. ii. 4911. 
sTinon Bniia^ CO. Non., iMs; ibkL 

Robert Brightifl, co. Norf, 1733 ; ibid. 

' i*^B. (CO. Lincoln), on, 1 ; (Haul.). 

), o, 1 ; (Cambridge), o, o, j. 

Brightman, — Bapt. ' the son 
of Brichtman.' In Domesday, 

Brihtmanus,' co. Suffolk ; v. 
Bright, of which it is an augmenta- 

ive, and cf. Bateman or Tiddy- 

John Brhhnan, CO. Norf,, 1373. A. 
■531. William Brighlman and Bill. 
Irvye; Marriage Lie. (l —■-' ' " 
17i3. Marf ^ ■ — 

— Uanid Kerridge and 



Ksbrcu Brifrhtnun 

Sanh Price: St.Grc 
London, i ; Bcstor 


Brightmore, Brightmoor.— 
Bapt. 'the son of Brichtmar' 
( Yonge, ii. 405% Bricmore was 3 
lomcd scholar at Oxford in the 
14th ccatuiy ( Diet. Nal. Biog. vi. 
313). The name is again found at 
Oxford in the case of Thomas Bryd' 
mcf. 1519 (Reg- ^"'v. Oxt. i. no). 
Brightmore is the modern form ; 
the name was always rare. 

HaAvr Srilhli'cirl'co- Camb'\hid. ' 
UaitJD Britlmor, co. Camb.. Ibid. 

Adam Briihn.«e, eo. Norf. : lUd. p. jol. 

1 651- John ^^mc 

X Norf.: Ibid. 


Found as Brickmire in the iSth 
1706. Bapl.— S»ra 

""Uilido^ ^o ; M(illch™n!i"o: W«t 
Kid. Coart Dir., o, i ■ Fhiladelphii, 9, o. 

Brlghtrio.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Rrichtrrc ' (v. Yonge, ii. 405). 

Briihrk, rector of Aylriham, eo, NoriT, 
ai ihc Conqneit : PF. vi. 174. 

Han]winBLBrichrit,CD.SBff.,i37]. A. 

BrlghtwslL— Local, 'ofBright- 
weli.' (i) A patish in co. Berks, 
nearWallingford; (9)al9a a parish 
in CO. Suffolk, near Ipswich ; v. 
Brittle, an evident popular variant. 

Robert de BrictmvIL co. Wiiu, Hen. 
Itl-Edv.I. K. 

SiaHM de Biicdilewell, co. Nonhampt., 

"Rnwii de Bridewell, co. OiC, ibid. 

1675. Bnried- Benjamin Brijchtwcll: 
KeuinEtan Ch. p. 147. 

1806. Uirrlcd-gdward Biiilry and 
Hannah Brigblwetl: Si. Geo. Hsn. S^. 

London, 1 ; PbiUdrlphia, i ; BoAon 

Brigbtwin, Brlghtwen. — 
Bapt. 'the son of Brightwin,' or 
' Bertwine' (v. Yonge, ti. 404). 

Tbonus BTTirhlwYn. t^j^: Reg- L'niv. 
Oif. i. i«4. 

, 1586. William BriglKewyn, oTLondon. 
and Johanna Touraor: litniMgc Lie. 
(London ), i. 156. 

London, 1,0; UDB. (co.Snfrolk),a, 1. 

ISrlgiuUl, Brlokiuai, Briok- 
nell,— Local, 'of Brignall,' a 


village in the North Rid. Yorics, 
Greta Bridge. Brignall early 
gave rise to a surname, and, of 
rourse, it has occasionally changed 
itself into Bricknall and Bricknell. 
The progressive stages are easily 
marked, as the instances below 

BrisEcnale, iJ7g: P. T, 

~ 1664.' Married— Georve OfrlehT and 
Heiter Brifnelt : St. Jai. CbfkenweJI, 

■67<. BaH.—Tbomai, •. Nieolai Eliic- 
ill : ibidT HI). 

I7«4- Mirried— Willram Bricknell and 
/inifrcd Prnfil ; St.Geo.Han.Bn.i 130, 

1774 — Richard Heardand Wjoirnd 
rlcknill: ibid. p. 3 lA. 

MDD.(co. Lincoln), 

Brlgstook. — Local, ' of Brig- 
stock,'aparish in co. Northampton, 
twcDty-two miles fro ntNortbunp- 

VallerdeBrige(lak,CD.UiK.. 117}. A. 
1631. lolin Brigitack and Frandi 

Snilon : Huriagc Lie. (WeDDlnMer), 

1661. Georre Brintocke (SiH«)Bnd 
Har^mSaTa: Maniiite Alieg. (Can- 
tertHrrX P- 99. 

I76,v Harried- K'lIIUitn Barrin and 
Mary Brixxock : SLGco.Han.Sq.i.iiS. 

Brinuon.— fi) Local ; probably 
a corruption of Brimstone 
Kelson for KeUton, &c. (a) 
' the son of Bryan,' a comiption of 
Bryanson, v. Bryan. For change 
of H to m, cf. Sinkinson fur Si 
kinson, or StJmpson for Stinsi 
i.e. Stevenson. 

Adan de Biyouton. 1379 : P. T. Ysrki. 

]6ta. John Brimu^, of She%in|rton, co 
Lane : Will, ai Clmer, ii. u. 
1638. Georee Brimioa, ot^aa^Wer 

fi — George Cor^ and Ann 


i,777. 1 

_ _.. Geo. HHn.Sq. p. ., 

Brlnokman, BrlDgeman, 
Brlnkman, BrlnkmoDii.—An 
imported surname. Lower sMys, 
' Brinckman ; from Hanover with 
George 1 ' (Patr. Brit. p. 41). In 
CO. Lincoln this surname seems to 
have assumed the form of Bringe- 

I— Ceom Brink mi 

1778. Harrie 

larr Ricbarrli 

UbB. (co. LI , , 

o, a. 4, I ; Plilladelpliii, 3, o, 8, 1. 

Brlndle.— Local, 'ofBrindle.' 
I village near Chorley, co. Lan- 

lamei Brindlr, of Cborley, twDUfr. 
1608: Willi at Cheater, i.n 
~John Brindic, of Wahon Ifrdile, 1610: 

1663. Robert Brindle : Pntton GoiM 
lolla, p. 116. 

Liverpool, 3: Chorlev (co. Laac), B; 
New VoVkTi ; Philadelphia, I. 

Brindley.— Local, 'of Brind- 
ley,' a township in the parish of 
Acton, CO. Chester. 

■S7<. F.dnmnd Brindley, of Ei. Coll. : 
Reg. Univ. Orf. L 1B5. 

1017. John Brindlev, of Hacfen. pariih 
oT^l'lpai: Willi BtCbe«er,ii.M. 

1641. John Brindley, of Hampton, co. 

Brindaley, Brin slay .— Local, 
'of Brinsley," i.e. the meadow be- 
longing to Brun, the first settleror 
proprietor. The d is intrusive. 

Roger de BrBnealefh, 1181. H. 

GUbert de Bninnntef^. 1377, lb)d. 

Robe1tdeBrany1leKCco.Notta.137}. A. 

Gilbert de Bmnyilrsh, co. Noui, ibid. 

ItSl, Gervia Briuley. ca. Notts : Rev. 
UnffTorf. vol ii. p.. iifp. uj. ^ 

i6ig. Baried-Eb., irife of Halhew 
BHnatnj^ St. Jas. Ckfkenwell, Iv. 141. 

V. Bryan. Hie first five following 
belong to one family : 

TTiomM Bryne, 1*59; Reg. Broad 
Chaike, «L W'lta, p 6. 

lone Brine, 1370: ibid. pi. 

Walter Bryne. 1638 : ibid p. •(. 

Uarniet Biine, 16^7 ; ibid. p. J3. 

WillSam Bryan, 1740: ibid, p tj. 

I '£6. Thomai Brrn, of KilkcDny : Ref 
Univ. Orf. vol. ii. pL li. p. iti. 

i.sBS. Robert B^, oo. Uonel : ibid. 

Loodoi^ 4 1 PhiUdelpbia, 3. 

Brlnghum.— Local ' of Bring- 
hiirst,' a parish in EO. Leic., near 

1614. Tliomai Cooper and Elli. Bring- 
hiir« ; Marriaee Lie. (London), U. 19. 

174S. Uarrled— John Briwharu and 
Elii. Sooenel : St. Gcs. Ckap. Uajfair, 

'^fi^iadclplua, 17. 

,y Google 


Brlnkley, Brlnokla;. — Local, 
' of Brinkley,' b pari^ in co. 
Camb., near NewmBrket. 

Martin dcBmikclce, CO. Cuib.,1171. A. 

Roben de Brinkdc, CO. Camb., ibjti. 

i66t. Barinl-LawTui BrinklcT ; St. 
Ju Ohrlwnnll, i*. 367. 

1748. Marrkd-IuMi Brinkkjr and 
LooiK Booqwl ; St. Gm. Clwp. Hay- 

LoDdDo, i| o ; [Utaddphia, 5, 1^ 
Brinklow.^Local, ' of BtSnk- 

low,' a parish in co. Warwick, near 


1741. UaiTled-William Brinklow and 

PkillU Logic : Sl Geo. Han. Bq. i. 30. 

BrInkirOFth. — Local, ' of 
BrinkwoTth,' a pariah in co. Wilts, 
near Wotton Banctt. 

17)13. Harried— WilKaiD Addia and 
SarafcBiinkwonh : St. Geo-Kan.Sq.l.w, 

a.~Local, 'of Brinton,' 
a parish in CO. Noriblk, near Holt. 

Adam da Brintan, co. Oif., 1173. A. 

Tbomaa de Biintoa, co. Hant^ lUd. 

Rkhard dc BriDlon, at. Nanhanpt., 
Hea. III-Edw. I. K. 

i6». WiUian Brinlon and ]ahanna 
CriOlhi HarTHf[B Lie (WcatmluterX 

17S4. llaTTinl— Jobn Brinloa and Elli. 
JaiM : St. Cw. Han. So. I. 365. 
Loodoa, 1 ; PhiladFlpbia, )<!■ 

BrlMOO, Brlfluow, Briioo.— 
Local, ' of Brisco,' a spot close by 
Newbiggin, co. Cumb. (v. E. & F., 
c. Cumb., pp. S4-5), spelt vaHotisty 
Birkakeugh, Bnukowgh, and Bris- 
kow. Hence the origin !• Birb- 
abaw (the Birchwood) ; v. Birks 
and Shaw. 

XmM de Briikow, E. ft F., co. Cnmb.. 

Wlllam Bm(k)bD«, co. York, 1410. 

1^86. William BHikoci, CO. Omib. : 
Rei. UdIt. Oxf. ml. IL pL ii. p. ifs. 
(591. John BHacoe, co. Hoia 1 ibid. 

'i7Si Uanied — Edward Bnacoe and 
CailniiK Fbeaqr: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

London. Lao; Ffilladclphia, 13, i,d: 

Brlsto, Brlstow, Brtartowe, 

BriatOU Local, 'of Bristol,' an 

old proniidaUm, Latimer, in a 

letter to Lord Cromwell, speaks of 
' Gloucester an4 Brislow ' (Parker 
Soc. Letters to Lord Cromwed, 
p. 190). 

John de BnitoU, co. Sonu.: Kirby'a 
Qnnt, P- 87., ^ , _ 

TliDmaa de Binloll, CO. Sooii. : ibid. 

Richard de Briitovc. co. Somf. : ibid- 

'jane Hericke, of Briitoo': Viiit. of 
London, 1634, i. 317. 

Philip Grene, dc Biiilow: Vuil. of 
Ghnc, i6jl p. ofi- 

1>l8i. Francu Brinow, co. HcreT. : Ke^. 
L'niv. Oif. vol. iL M. ii. P. 1 18. 

17m. BapL — John Janwa Briito!, a 
blukman^ St.Gco.Chap.MB)rftii- - — 



llpllGi, ( 

BiittAin, Brlttan, Brittan, 
Brltton. Britain, BrlUln. 

BrittiRD (i)Local,'of Brittany.' 

(a) Nick. ' the Breton.' Immi- 
gnnta from Brittany. A very 
large number occur In the Hundred 
Rolls of 1973. 


in Britten and 


Britton and Wall 


Brittle .—I Bapt. 'the ton of 
Britell.' But it may be a corrup- 
tion of Britwell, a pariah in co. 
OKford,and also a liberty so termed 
iti the parish of Bucks. 
This modification would be very 
natural ; v. Brightwell. 

RicharddcBrittewell,co.Oxr., 1373. A. 

Ewlmnnd de Billliwell, co. CJinb.. ibid. 

" - 'In de Ambrerca, Hen. ll[-Edw. 

'&. Jolip DiHtng and Jace Brille: 

[. K. 

Brlttoner,BrettoDsr.— Local, 
•the BriltoDcr,' a native of Brit- 
tany ; V. Brett. 

' A Bretoner, a braererc.' 

Ken P. +1QS, 
' He baffeled tbr Bretoncr.' 

Ibid, 414S. 

icga. Tbomaa Brettner and Ana Kyi 

lonTMarriage ' '- " — ^-' ■ -^ 


JoelBrcttoner, limrtdraptr, Fenislone. 
MDB.'lWfiC RidinjcYorki), 0,1. 
Broad.— (it Nick, 'the broad.' 
i.e. the stout,the'braad -shouldered. 

«.. c' tI"7' 

d.E. brod, broad. 
' It «'aa almoat a ipann 

Cf. BroHilbelt. 

(a) Local, 'at the broBV from 
residence thereby. Broad : a wide 
place ; cf. the Norfolk Broads. 
Oxford undergraduates still talk of 
'the Broad,' for Broad Street in 
that city. 

JohnleBrwle. B. 

Richard Ir Brod, temp. I3ra M. 

P. T. Yorki. 

Johannea Brode, 137a: ilhd. 

Alicia Brode, co. Soma,, I Edo'. Ill ; 
Klrby'iQueK,p. 115. 

kLv, alle Brad^ co. Soma., i Bd.. 
ni: ibid. p. 131. 

Michele Ic Brodc, CO. SoOK, I Edir. II I : 
ibid. p. 184. 

1<^ John Brode, co. Wort.: Beg. 
UaSTOii. ™l. ii. pni-p. 171. 

1804. Harried— Jahn Samunand Sarah 
Broad : St. Geo. Han. So. il. iQt. 

London, 33 ; PhiLadclphia, 4. 

Broadbolt.— Nick, 'broadbelt.' 
stout, with a wide waist. Found 
in Lane and Yorkshire. Sobri- 
quets of this sort were common 
(v. Broadgirdle). 
Joan Broydbek, co. York. W. 3. 
Robert Brodiibcit, CO. York. W. 17, 
Adam BcadbeJI, 1379: P. T, Vorki. 

EWiiithy Broadbelt, CaL SlEite Papers, 

Tbomu Brodbelt. churchwarden' of 
Pmtbuiy, 1810 : EaM Cheahire, iL 18$. 
Wakelield D>r„ i ; Philadelpbia, a. 

Broadbent. — Local, 'at the 
broad bent,' Le. the broad bend in 
the land (v. Bent). The precise 
spot 1 cannot find. It is, or was, 
undoubtedly In South-East Lane, 
on the borders of Yorks., and 
probably ia the parish of Saddle- 

H7q. Lanrreiice Bmdbent. Ball. Coll. : 
Rcf. Univ. Oif. lol- ii- pC iii. 84- 

lUO. Alice Broadbcnt, of Saddkinirth, 
tPintUr : Will* at Cbeilei, i. >g. 

1630. Geone Broadbenl. of Harrop, 
Saddieworth: ibid. ii. 34- 

164&. JiuiieiBniadbei]t,of'tlieGreen.' 

London. Sj Fbil*. 

1 Saddleworth : 1 



BroadbothRin. — Local, ' of 
Brudbotlom,' a hamlet in the 
parish or Hottram-in-Longendale, 
ca Chester (v. Botham, Long- 
bottom, tic). The meaning is ' the 
broad hollow.' 

Simon dc Bradbollmm (nrilhoat data): 
EutChci. i'. iM. 

luo. Williun it Brodebalhuin, Ibid. 

'In 139.1-4, Agnefl, Ibe widow of Robert 
dc Wnley, gnnu u Ruben de Stavelcv 
oil the laasunga. landi, &c.^ in U Bro^- 
ftetkant^ wbich came ta bei ua dawcr^ : 


AnlonirWihL o( Bioedbqlhani, lAog: 
WiliiuChrMer, i. wg. 

BroadbrldgB.— Local, 'at the 
broad bridge.' I cannot identify 
the spot 

t-jfo. MurriFd— Thomu Edmcdiand 
Ann Bnadbridgc : St. Geo. Chap. Ma;. 


D (U.S.), 1 ; Phila. 

Bix>adfl«ld> — Local, ■ at the 

broad field," from residence there- 
by ; cf. Bi-adficld. 

Jolin del BrodeTdd, co. Lane, 1311: 
Lay Sub«idy(Rylai>di),p. 11H. 

llnrili: del Broddcltl. Co. Lane, I jj> : 

iTtei'MarriRl— Richard Ward and 
EliL Bio;id£cid: Su Ceo. Cbap. May. 



_ rnrr Broadfield and 

Elii. Fmb™ : Si. G™, Han. Sq. ii. 381 . 
MandiEUer, 1 ; FbikdeJphia, 1. 

Broadglrdto. — Nick, for a 
paunchy man ; cf Broadbelt 

William BrodEifdcl, Co. Notts, 1173. A. 

Broadhtty. — Local, ' at the 
broad hay,' i.e. broad hedge or 
enclosure \ v. Hay and Hayes. 

Robert Ac BiwUKycco. Caml>., 1 ijy A. 

BroiUthead, Brodliead.— Lo- 
cal, 'at the broad bead,' i.e. a 
wide headland, from residence 
thereby ; cf. Birkett, Blackett, 
Redhead, Whitehead, &c. Some 
of these, doubtless, are nicknames. 

Adam dd Brndcheanl, co. Lane, 1311 : 
Lay SnbaidWRTlandiX p. iij. 

Alan del Broddieucd, co- Lanc.t 1333: 

Walter Brodheved, co, Camb., i i;i, A. 
lohaaiM. Braydhcd, 1379 ; P. T. Yt.rk*. 

EdiimiHt Braulhsde, (emp. Ella. ZZ. 

1.S71. Mairied— RogiT BrodharLh- and 
TgrnMbc (lie) Porte ; Si, Uichael, Com. 
fail], p. la 

I. Riclun) Broadhead, Anglefea: 

Ri-g. Univ. OiF. ti 

Broadhunrt. — Local, ' of Broad- 
hurst,' i.e. the broad wood (v. 
Hurst). The Cheshire Broad, 
hursts spring from some small 
spot In the east of the county, 
but 1 have £uled to discover its 

1^66, Married— RaduirBradehantud 
Elit. Buiowe : PreMbary Cb. (ro. Cbe*. 

'!P1- — .J"*" Bradelninrt and Elii 
Btdf-;^ ; ibid. p. J3. 

ICO], Jahn BroadliaiiL of Sandbacb : 
WillialClieSer, i. 19. 

1607. Richard Broadhnrat, or Satton. 

1683. Bapl.— Thornai, i, Ralph Broad- 
ham : St. Jai. Clerkrnwell, L til. 

1756. Married — Willi* m firoadhurM 
and Sarab Tagg : St. Geo. Han: Sq- 

London, 5 ; Mancbeiter, 6 ; MDB. 
(co. Cheaterj, 3 ; Ptiiladelphia, S. 

Broadmaadovr, Broadmead. 
— Local, ' at the broad meadow * 
or 'meadj' from residence thereby; 
V. Medd. Cf. Broadfield, BradGeld. 

Roger atteBrodmed, co. Sonu., J Edw. 
Ill ; Kirby'i Qdoi, p. 1.3B. 

ia4i, Bapt. — Marye, d. of Tlioniai 
Brctadmedowc : Sl Uaiy Aldermaiy, 

'^1714, HariKd - William Bradmcad 
and Mary Mackelean : Sl Michael, Com- 

dancbalcr, 1, o; MDR (co. Somi.), 

Broftdrlbb.— Local ; v. Brode- 

Broadwater.— Local , ' of Broad - 
water,' a parish in co. Sussex, near 

(DomiDDaJ dc Brawatere, co. Sbiki, 

j~S90-i. Isaac Gealinge and Maiy 
Brawdwaur^ Marriage Lie. (Londonf, 

1610. Boried— Anne wife of Tfaorpaa 
BradwalcFL St. Thomas the Apoole 
(LondonX p. 107. 

i6a3. — John Broadwatlrr : St. Mary 

London, X \ Philadelphia, 9. 

Brondmty. — (1) Local, 'at the 
Broadway,' from residence there 
beside :cf. Green way, Ridgway,&c. 

( 9 ) Local ; more particularly ' of 
Broadway,' parishes in cos. Dorset, 
Worcester, and Somerset 

rde Bradw 

Michael, Corn- 


EmaU de Bndewar, co. Norf., Hen. 
IH-Edw. L K. 

Adam de Bradeweye, eo. Sooi*- I Edw. 
Ill; Kirby'iQueit.p.iiOL 

Jahn de Bradeweye, co. StBtia., i Edw- 
Itf : ibid. 

i.<70. Buried — John Brodwaye: Si. 
Michael t^mhill, p, 198. 

Danyell Biodwaye: ibid. 

l6gl. Thomai Brad way, ahenff ol 
Briatol : YYY. p. 6«. 

Loodon, ]; New^fotk, 7. 

Broodwood.— Local, 'of the 
Broadwood,' from residence there- 

Waller de Brodirode, 

1(61. Married— Rydii 
and Alvee Dayle : St. 

Brooos. — Local, ' of Brocas.' 
The two representatives in the 
London Directory, one a botanist, 
the other a fishing-tackle maker, 

may probably eongratutate them- 
selves in being the descendants of 
some junior branch of the Heredi- 
tary Masters of the Royal Buck- 
bounds. They hailed from the 
district of Sault and St. Sever. 
For a full account, v. ' The Family 
of Brocas of Beaurepaire, and 
Roche Court' : by Professor Mon- 
tagu Burrows (Longniana, 1B86). 
I quote two entries from the book 
siinply to prove the local origin. 

Amald de Biokaya, 1315. 

John de Brocaa. 134a. 

i^tS- Peiall Broccai, co- Backi : R^. 
llnlv.O,f. vol. 

1661. Sir WiUiam GardiKr and lane 
Bmac Marriage Lie (Facally Office, 


Brodc— (i) Nick, 'the brock,' 
i.e. the badger. 'Thei wenten 
about in brok skynnes': Heb. xi. 
37 (Wyclif). 

Robert le Brokk. co. Soma, i Bdw. 
ill: Kirb/'iQue*t,P-8& 

WilliainIeBioc,co. Son*., I Edw.HI : 

Henry le 

Walter tc Broc, ci 
(9) Local,' at the brook '; V. Brook. 
Laorence del Btoc, eo. Herti, 1173. A- 
Joceni de la Brok. co. Kent, lUd. 
Geoffrey de la Brok. co. Kent, it ' 
William del Biok, co. Ewijtii. 
London, 13 ; Fhiladelpbia, iS. 

BrookbAiik. —Local ; v. 

Brok. cq.^., 





wp nr mrr.T. 

Brockhm. — Loul, 'of the 

brock-hole,' from mideiice there- 
by ; V, Brock. Of course the 
brock-hitl, i. e. Ibe hill frequented 
by brocks, may be the parent, 
but the evidence below seems to 
point to koU and not Ai7/asthe trite 
suffix. But V. Brooksbank. 

rokchoJe, 13791: P. T. 

Vi^w ir^..^ 

WagMa Brokeholr, 1379; ihid. 


Brookhouae, BrooUiouBe.— 
Local, ■ at the brook-house,' Ibe 
house by the brook. More speci- 
fically 'of Brookhouse,' a hamlet 
in the parish of Laug'hton-CQ-le- 
Horthen, co. York. 

William dct Brakhonwi, of Eccloton- 
cnm-Hakin, co. Lane, i.ui : Lay Sub- 
»idy IRjrlandsi; p. sa 

HDini de Brakehoiu', iiTQ: P. T. 
Yorkt p. ST. 

Alicia dcBiokchoniF, 1.17a ; ibid. p. Bi. 

I.SM. John HenL^r and MarptnM 
BrockliDi : Uirria£E Lit (Lona™). 

1791. MRnHd--Wil1iUD Chi 

Mary Bi 

J I1BID' Chapman and 
Si. Ceo. Hw>. Sq. 

Liuuuuii, I, u: muirhrster, 0, I : New 
York, I, o : Balon (U.S.), a, 1. 

BrooUabank, Brookelboitk. 
— Local, ' of Brocklebank." a town- 
ship in the parish of Westward, 
near Wigton, co. Cumb. 

1576. BapL— Crittorfcr Brockbanke: 
Reg. Uivcmoa Ch. p. 67. 

This register teems with enlrie* 
relating to Brockbank and Brockle- 
bank. The surnames still abound 
in Cumberland and Fumesa. 

ifiis. John Brockelbonk. or Brockil- 
banclie : Keg. UnJT. Oif. i. 144. 

William BrDcJebaak, nctor of R~<">- 
co.Norf, iw: FF.vl.84. 

; HDB. 

Cainki, 1, o; N. 
DOHan(U.S.),i^ 3. 

BrooUey.— Local, 'of Brock- 
ley,' a parish seven miles from 
Bury St Edmunds, co. Suffolk. 

ijJI- Waiiam de Brokkeley, rector of 
Ho*e, CO. Nori. ; FF. viiL it. 

Peler de Brokcliy, CO. Norf., t™p. 
Hen. Ill : ibid. i. ijj. 

LoceKnade Brdielry, CO. Nort, temp. 

Philadelphia, 1. 

Broderic^ Brodrick.— BapL 
of Baldrick' (Yonge, E 

s the r 

310). The 
the second syllable thrown back 
cf Grewdson from Cuthbert. from 
the nick, Crewd orCrad,BndBrode- 
rip or Brodrib (also Broadribb, 
Loo. Dir.) from Bawdrip, a manor 
near Bridgcwater ; v. Baldrey. 

Hnrh Gt. Baldriii, Do(n«day. 

Balaeric Piiceimr, London, taM. A. 
"'^ame), London, 

Baadpric (wiihout 

ThoTi>aaB[adryk,co.Yarbi5to: W. 

'1711. Ba«.-~Char1ciAdami Baldrick : 
Si. Mary AWenoary, p, ui. 

London, 3, J ; Philadelphia, 15, o ; 
BotlOD (U.S. J, 47, 5. 

Brodarlp, Brodrib, Brod- 
ribb, Broadribb, Brodrlpp.— 
Local, 'of Bawdrip,' a parish near 
Bridge water, co. Somerset (cf. Brod- 
erick for the intrusive r in the first 
syllable). Host of the variants are 
still found in co. Somerset, and 
are undoubtedly to be referred to 

Chrixopfaer Broadripp. co. Soma., 
■ 610; Alfitract of SomeiKUhire Willi, 

Peter Brodribbe, co. Soma, I Edw. 
[1 : Kiiby'i Qiuatlp. xli. 
1581. Thomu Brodrib, co. Sonu. : 

174& Bapl.— Charlo, a. Wllliani Bro- 
denp : Canterbury Cath., p. iq. 

London, o, I, o, I, o ; Crockfotd, o. o. 
2, u. o ; MUB. (eo. SomaJ, 1, o, I, o, 1. 

Brogden. — Local, 'ofBrogden.' 
M.E. brok, a badger; A.5. broc 
(v. Brock (i)) and Jtn ; H.E. dttu, 
a valley (v. Dean). A township in 
thepatish ofBamolds wick, ten miles 
from Skipton, co. York. Other 
spots were probably so called. 
With this lazy pronunciation of 
Brockden, cfL Slagg for Slack, &c 

Ct<stiaiiadeBoraEfadea(!X>379: P.T. 
Yorka p. aog. 

itifl7. Richard Brockden. or BroEdn, 

■Idrrman of Non»ich : FF.iii.ii3. 

1741. Inotain Broirdcn : Cb. Aceoonis, 
Skipton (fli«, ofSkfplon, p.ifi3). 

1769. To George Brockden, for re- 
paiiint'lhe clock £ 1 1. 1 u. ad': itnd.p. 164. 

LonSon. 4; WcM UidinE CouTI Dir., 
1 ; Philadelphia, ]. 

Brokar, Brookar. — Occup. 
' the broker,' an agent in business 

' And eart Hakbiiyng be a broeoor 

Piers Plowniui; 973 1 -J. 
William le Brokonr, FiiMa Roll, 19 
Edw. 11. 
Eiena BtDCker, C. R,, J Edw. III. 

'"Adain Brocker, co. Soma, t Edw. Ill : 

\ilb. ^cholZ' drdker : Cal. of WiUa 

1798. Mnrricd-SolDinin Brookcr and 
Elii. Hale : Si. Ceo. Han. So. ii. 191. 

1807. — William Broker and Elii. 
Ja.]nat: ibid, ii. SjS. 

London, o, 11 ; Philadelphia, a, 7. 

Brom age,— Local, 'of Brom- 
wich' (v. Bromwich) ; ct Bowdage 
for Bowditch (q.v.). Proof, if 
needed, is furnished below: 

John Broman, patron of Bromtberrodk 

. icanige, CO. Clooc, 1583; A-'— -•-"■- 
of GloaceHlenbire, p. 158. 

,; Alkyn'i Hist. 

of the patron was 
John Bromwich. Thus this variant 
Is, at least, three centuries old, 

ijgi. Thomas Bromidre, go. Belka: 
Reg, UoiT. Oaf. vol. il . pt. il. p 98. 

1771. Married — William BromanaDd 
Ann Willoox : St. Geo. Han. Sq. LIli. 

Bromet, JBrombaad.— Local ; 

Bromfield ; v. Broomfield. 

Bromley, Bromly, Broml- 
ley, — Local, 'of Bromley,' (i) A 
parish in CO. Kent; (a) a township 
in the parish of Eccleshall, co. 
Stafford. Also Bromley Abbots 
and Bromley Bagots in co. Staf- 
ford, and Great Bromley in Essex, 

Johannee df Bromylegh, 1379 ■ f- T- 
Yorka p. 9. 

573. Bnried — Gdnard Bromlej: Si. 

^m^in (L 

Dig.tized by ^t)t)Q IC 

•RPnW M-BiT.T. 

Jpane Ucnldingc : Sl. Ju. CluLenwcll. 

!•»}. Uuried— RichHd Bromley and 
Amye Udwde* ; ibid- 

WeU Riding Court Dir., 6, o, n; 
London, 10, I. o ; HDB. (co. SLattonlX 
500; po. S.I0PX 11. o, o; Phil.- 

Brommdli v. Brummell. 

Bromwioh.— Local, 'of Brom- 
wich.' (1) Little Bromwich, a 
bamlet in the parish of Aston, co, 
Warwick; (a) West Bromwich, a 

Krish in CO. Stalford ; (3) Castle 
omwich, a cbapelrj in the parish 
of Aston, CO. Warwick (v. Brom- 

1671-1. Thoniu Drnnnych and Elii. 
Smith : Uaniage Altqr, (CuiUrbury), 

^tjis. Marriol-Iowph Brcslaii and 
Mary Broniwilcli ; SL Geo. Chap. Uiy- 

London. 1 ; UDB. tco. 


Brook, Brooke, Brookeo, 
Brooka.— Local, 'at the brook,' 
one who lived by the brook. side. 
CoDiinon to all parts of England, and 
is especially one of Che great local 
aumames of Yorkshire. The s is 
customary in these short spol- 
namcs; eC Briggs, Styles. Pos 
sibly it is the patronymic j, as in 
Jones, Williams, &c. ; of this I 
cannot be sure. 

EdFlmaddIlrDk, K. 

Robcnoi del Brok', ibid. 

Ali« de [. Broke. »;.. A. 

Laurence dEl Brae, ibid. 

WllliiinuleBrDake,co.!ianM lEdw. 
lit: Kirb/iQiu>M,ji.Rl. 

RichirdaKfrBroDk. viei 

D.Norl,l4l9i FF. 

I. Hugh Brooke : 

i6c^ &pl.— Ed< 

St. laa. CkTkeowell, i. 44. 

161A. John Thomell and Harthi 
Brookn ; Uarrlin! Lie (LondonX IL 44. 

London, 17, 18,17, "t i Pblladdplua, 
", 43. 6, »"8. 

BrooksT] V. Broker. 

Brookfleld. — Local, 
field by the brook,' from residence 

Adam del Brokefeld, orOrmskirk, co. 
Lwic, 1331; Lay Subndy (KyUndi), 

^'&1bert del Bmkefilcl, of Bancaafh, 
-D, Lane- 13(1 : ibid. p. 117. 
" ! Brookfidd of KI 


WUki ' 

], of klnnley, 
theater, a. JJ. 


Brookbotue; v. Brockhouse. 

Brooksbank, Brooklwnk, 
Brookbaaka, Brookbuik. — 
Local, 'at the brook's bank,' from 
residence by the bank of the 
brook; cf. North English Gill- 
banks, q.v. Id some cases Brock- 
bank may be a variant of Brockle- 
bank, q.v. I suggest this because 
Brockbuik runs side by side with 
Brodclebank in North LaQcashire 
( Furness district), which is not far 
from Brodclebank in co. Cumber- 
land. Brockbank, too, is common 
as a surname in the latter county. 
There is no reason to suppose that 
inxi, a badger, has any connexion 
with these names ; v. Brock (a). 

Thanai Brokeibank', 1379: P. T. 
Yorki. p. 187. 

imi. Married _ Florence CawdwrU 
and Sibell Brokebaack : Sc Michael, 
ComhlU, p. IS. 

1777. John Brockbank and Loaiu 
Maria Kicholian: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

1770, '- Chriilopher Smirthwaice and 
Elii. BroDlubank : ibid. i. 300. 

Wsl Ridini Cnart Dir., 7, o, o, o: 
Londoa, 3, 1, 1. >: MDB, (co. Comb), 
I, o. o, S : bcioo (U.S.i o, o, o, J I PhiU. 
deiphia, o, 1, o, o. 

Brookshaw, Bruoksh&w.— 
Local, 'of Brookshaw,' i.e. the 
wood by the brook, from residence 
thereby (v. Brook and Shaw). 
Some spot in East Cheshire prob- 
ably, but I cannot as yet discover 
it. As will be seen from the entries 
below, the two forms of the surname 
have a common pareoL 

1S74- Married — John BrookeafaaH-e 
and Anna Clerke 1 PrettbaTy Ch. (ce. 
CI"*). & 45; 


Che plant so called ; cf. Furse, 
Gorst, &c. The Norfolk Brooms 
have generally become corrupted 
to Bloom, q.v. Tliey are generally, 
but not always, 'of Brome,'ap>rish 
■ -ledioc of Norwich. 


i,co.Norf.,ia7j. A 
0, Norf.. ir-" 

le BnMiH^ CO. Somi.. 1 Edo-. 

111^ Kirby's Qoeit, p H<^. 

William al.e---- ~ =- 
lilt ibid-tkiT 

Rogenia dd Brome, 1379 : ibid. p. 31 
Robert ute Brom. rector of Seogliai 
«.Norf, IMS: FF.vil. 197. * 

Adam de Brome, co. Noif., 1311 : Ibl 

w™. .., 

.,,,. ....aSaltoDandSarah 

Broome ! Sc Geo. Han. So. i. ain. 

London, 33, D : UDB. iSaffolkL 1, o ; 
(Ehcx), 1, a i Philadelphia, 16, 8. 

Broonuiii. — Occup. v. (i) 
Berry man, or (a) Bowennan. 
Doubtless a modification of one 
or the other. Neverthelew it 
may be baptismal, meaning 'the 
son of Bruman.' 

Bnunan le Richc, co, Oxf., i>7}. A. 

1749. Bnned — Hennr Broomaa; St. 
Uary Aidermary, p. j». 

Broomfield, Bromflald.— Lo- 
cal, 'of Bromfield,' parishes in cos. 
Cumberland and Salop. Also ' of 
Broomfield,' parishes in cos. Som- 
cnct, Kent, and Essex. Doubtless 
many small spots in various coun- 
ties have also helped to swell the 

Hamo de BromFeid, en, Kent, 1173. A. 

Walirr Bromfeld, co. Sonu., 1 Bdw. 
Ill : Kirby'i Qneal, p. 100, 

John Brookihaw. of Slock pon, i6t8: 
iVlll. al Che«er (is4s-i«joV p. 30- 
CeoriEBnickahaw.ofBredbuTy, 1611 ; 

III : ibi 



Jt^n Brookiliaw of Biedbury, 1612 
Barwakei'a Eaac Cbeihirc, li. 11. 

Henry Brnckiliaw. of Bradbary, 1670 
Willi at Clnter (1611-w), p. 4.^- 

1775. Married — Thomai Bruckafaa* 
and Ann Wateicr : Sl Geo. Han. Sq 

'■ iJdB. (CO. Chea.), o, I ; Hanchatet, , 
4 ; London, o, 1 : Philadelpbia, i, i : 
BoMOD (U.S,), I, a 

Broom, Broom*.— Local, 'of 
the brootn,' from residence near 

luj-ioao). p. 39. 
ield, ofStrellan. ij8S : 

jeia^'kaljA Bromfeild. co. York: 
R^. Unit. Oaf. vol. il. pL ii. p. .179. ■ , 

London, 3, 3; HaocKeater, 1, i ; Phda- 
delphia, i. 1. 

BroomluiU.— Local ; v. Bram- 

BroomltMtd, Brtimmatt, 
BreoaliAad, Bram«t. — Local, 
'ofBroombead,' 'an estate in Hal- 
Umubire, co. Yoti, which paued 



Trom the ramiljf tbrougb an heireisH) 
early as lemp. Ric. II.' Courthope's 
l>ebret[, quoted by Lower (Pair. 
Brit. p. 43). ThU airniame with 
several vanants is still well known 
in the West Riding, and has come 
down through some junior or in- 
dependent Hock. Brummett and 
Bromet are veiy natural corrup- 
tbns; cf. Birkelt for Birkhead, 
q.v., or Beckett for Beckhead, q.v, 
Broomhead means the topmost 
reach or ' head of the broom,' from 
residence thereby, just as Birkctt 
means the topmost reach or 'head 
of the birch-trees' ; cT Akcnhead, 
q.v. In the same way sidt was 
used (v. Garside and Akenside). 

1 Haiy 

MiceBata: SL Ju Ckrken 
1717. — Gear^ Siirpton 

1773. — John Bitmihead and Elii. 
lUiiK : Si. Gfo. Han. Sq. i. 117. 

1784. — Williun Luty and EIIl 
BnuDliead : ibM. 1. u6. 

MDB. (W«I RidTYorki). 6,0. 1, a; 
IloMi>n.(i;.5.), o, 4, o, ; Philadi^lpliia, 5, 

Brotharhootl. Brotherhead. 
— Local, 'of the brotberfaood.' 
One of a religious confraternity 
or convent. 'As for their school, 
it hath been nuintaiaed heretofore 
by a brotherhood called a Gyld, 
1 trow not without some guilt': 
Latimer to Lord Cromwell, 1538 
tRemaina, Pailier Hoc. p. 403). 

NiclKila* Brotberliaod. PP. 

John Brolbrrhood. CO York. W. xt. 

LoodoD, 1, o ; FhiladtlpfaU, ^ i- 

Brotham,— Nick, 'the brother,' 
gtn, brother's. 

WIliajD Ic BrcXher, co. Oif^ i>7.i, A. 

Thntnaa Ve Bnilher, ». Soma.. 1 Eilw. 
Ill: KiFliv-atJncn, p. III. 
^ John Brother, co..Som», 1 Ed*. Ill : 

1611. John BnHben and Alice HarHi ; 
Marriage Lie. {London), ii. 104. 

1666. Robeit Milwarde and Siuumne 
Brolher : Huiisgi: Allrg. (CanlerburyX 

Brothorten.— Local, ' of B roth • 
eiton,' a parish in the rural 
deanery of Pontcfract, eo. York. 

Alei. ck Brothenon, co. SnC, 1171. A. 

Waheni* de Brotbertoo, 1379; P. T. 

Thqniu dn Brotherton, 

iistia P« 

- Richard Brolhc 
ion : St. Geo. Han 

Loodtm, 6 ; FhiladclpTiia, 6. 

Brough.— Local, 'of Brough.' 
Parishes, hamlets, and townships 
in COS. Westm., Derby, N. Rid. and 
E. Rid. Yorks, &c 

Wiiliau At Bni£Eh, 117.I- A. (No 

1^66-j. Arthur Bn>m«hr and Alice 
Clarryi : Muriaee Lie. (LoadonX i- 35. 

16S4. Henry Puniii and Ann BrnaER : 
Marriage AUee. (CanlerbniyX p. iBi. 

1744. Married— Philip LambRh and 
Hannah Brough : St. Geo. Chap. Hay. 

1748, ^ John HaiweU and Margarel 
Bmw: ibid. p. 104. 

London, 4 ; Phlladetphia, 7. 

BroU^Lun. — Local, 'of 
Brougham,' a parish in co. Westm., 
near Penrith. 

WilUam de Bnwhan: 

i.N«rr..»73. I 

.,^. Uarrird - Thomai Taylor and 
Dorothy Broagham : St. Geo. Chap. 

LondoZ' I :' Fhiladelphia, I : MDB. 
(Wettm.), 1. 

Broughton. — Local, 'ofBruugh- 
ton.' Parishes, hamlets, chapelries, 
and townships in COS. Hants, Bucks, 
Lanes., Lint, Northampton, Ox- 
ford, Salop, Hants, SufFord, &c. 
Originally no doubt for Borough- 

Halhew da Bronchton, co. Bucki, 


1510. John Baawll and EJii. Bioagh 
on: Marriage Lit (London^ L7. 
IjSS. Burled — Maigery, d. John 

Irosghton ; St. Ju. ClerkenoTll, ir. jH. 

Office), p. (IJ. 

Temple; Marriage Lie, (Facuky 

.n (U.S.), 6. 

Brown, Brown a, 

'the son of Brun ' (i.e. Btxiwn), 
whence also Brownson, q.v. In 
Domesday Brun appears as a per- 
sonal name ; cf^ German Bruno. 
Brown stands ^th among the 
surname* of England and Wales in 
point of numbers. 
Camel £1. Bran, c. Hen. I : E. and F., 

CO. CUBb.. p. 49. 

Bran E^th, co. Salop, 117]. A. 

(a) Nick. ' the brown,' a sobri- 
quet of complexion, extremely 
common in all early registers. 

Hugh le Bnin, co. Snff., 117.1. A. 

RoEfft le Bran, CO. Buck>, ibid. 

Johanna la Bninc, eo. Ox<:, ibid. 

feoberl Bronn, ™. Som., i Edw. Ill: 
Khby'.Que.l,j). ai?. 

Wnielmoi BroDiK^ el Dior, 1379: 
P. T. Vorks. p. 193. 

LondDn,(547,63 1 Philadelphia, 1636^10. 

BrownbMUrd. — Nick. ' John 
Brownberd, son of William, a 
hostage from Galloway' (Letters 
from Northern Register^ p. 163). 
Janet Brownebeard was an inmate 
of St. Thomas' HospiUl, York, 
Feb. 6, 1 553 (Corpus Christ! 
GuUd, Surt. Soc. p. 304)- The 
sobriquet vnu clearly bereditaiy 
for ■ time. 

New York, 1. 

BrowikblU.— t Local. Probably 
an Imitative corruption of some 
local surname at ■ time when the 
bmmJiiU (the halbert of Ihe Eng- 
lish fool-soldier) was » Ouniliar 

n6i. Buried— Elii. BrowmbeH: Prat- 
bury Ch. (eo. Chea), p. J. 

i^. — Joane Brown^ll: ibid. p. 17. 

George Bronbdl, of I'oynlon, ii;73. 

Nichola* Brombili, ol Roby, ifioft. 

Lawrence Brownbell,orPoynton, 1603: 
Willi at Cheater (i54<-ifixiX p- ">■ 

Oliver Bro>™bitl,'SrKirkby.^6i4: ibid. 

Thus it is clear that our Brown- 
bills have no connexion with the 
old weapon of Ihe English infantry. 
The vanauts in the registers of 
Prestbury Church (co. Ches.) are 
Browntnll, Brsmbell, Broombill, 
Brownbell, and Browmbell. The 
earliest entries (1560-60) are 
almost always BrowmbeU. 

Uancbeiler, ) ; Liverpool, 1. 

Brownett, Brunst, Brunatt. 
— Bapt. 'the son of Brown,' from 
Brun or Brune, dim. Brunelt; v. 

Bmneiii aior Sakmionii. T. 

1676. Lewis Bmnet and DoRliarr 
Collet: MafTiagB AU^. (Caoteltiuy)^ 



London, I. D, O', PhikddpbU, u^ 5> > ; 

Browning, BnuminK, Brun - 
win.— Bapt. > the son orBrowning,' 
sometimes Bruning. The name 
was very popular. 

Rapt Bra nine, Lon 

Ivo^nuiie, CO. Ham 

BroonvnE K Pox, co 

Kirb/a Qint. p. Si. 


1804. HuTicd— John Garrard and Ann 
Bnnning : 51. Gn. Han. Sq. ii. p. iti. 

1800. ~ Suphen Brownlne and Eliu- 
belirVarrow : ibk- - " 

Ltnidon, 4S, 3, 

Brownjolm. — Nick. ■ brown 
John.' a reversal of John Brown ; 
cf. Prettijohn, Liltlejobn. John 
was so common as a font-oame 
that ■ qualifying adjective was 
necessary to identify the different 
beireis of the name, especially in 
days when atl the sons in ■ family 
might be called John (v. my Curi- 
osities of Puritan Nomenclature^ 
p. 4). The aame remark applies 
to Brownrobert, q.v. 

' Bleanm Sn-elmhani murird to Henry 
Brownjohn, gnil,' c. 171a: EutClxahitE, 

1^ Nithaniel Feictn and Sarah 
Brownjohn : Maniajti Allej. (Canim 

Looden, 3 ; MDB. (CO. SniicyX >' 

Brownnutt.— Nick. Probably 

a variant of Brownett, q.v. 1 do 

not suppose it is a reversal of l)ie 

syllables in Nutbrawn, q.v. 

Ijya. Hii[TKd~-Ri chard Popple and 

Sarah Brown 

: ibid. ii. 

itt ojid Diana 

Brownrldge, Brownrigg.— 
Loca], ' at the bix>wn ridge,' from 
residence thereby. 1 cannot find 
the spot, but it looks North Engtiab. 

1589. Boried— Helen, d. Peter BiDwn. 
iwc (BrowiuTidge): Sl Ja». Ckxken- 

^<^4o. — Uargarct BromeriQ; 

1643. Baried— Motiuet, trife of Rofer 

' lIurM-PMer'Broiniridce and 

Jali fcirJterV a. C^ Han. S^. 
London, ). 4; BoBon (U.S.), o, I. 

Brownrobert, Brownrobln. 
— Nick, 'brown Robert ' or 'brown 
Robin,' a mere reversal of Robert 
Brown ; v. Brownjohn. Brown- 
robin, or Brunrobyn, occurs as a 
surname in the archives of Yar- 
mouth (Norfolk Arch. Soc iv. 953). 
In tbe following instance Ihc same 
individual took four successive 
oaths to observe the privileges of 
the University! 

Oxford, i.irfir : H^K- Unli. Oif, vol. ii 
Rrchard BrDwiirol>]riii, citiren of Ox 

Swain here may be Swain, a font- 


Richard Br 

ird' Bi 
Richard Bit 



of O.- 

rufaynj; ibid. i.4ta 

BrownBhank.— Nick. ' Brown- 
shsnk'; cf. Redshank, Shorlshank, 
Sheepshank, &c. 

Johiniia BrouHEihank', 1379 1 P. T. 

Brown smith. .—Occu p. ' the 

brownsmith,' a Worker in copper 
and brass ; cf. Whitesmith, Black- 
smith, Redsmith, and Greensmitlu 
I fear this name ia obsolete. 

.Williiin Bnxnumrth, o 

myth, 1379: P, T. 

and Hary 

III: Kirby'iQnett, p. 107. 

Wille'— -- «— -^--'-' 

Simon Branimyth, 1379 ■ iWd, p. i6j. 

■Rallyn Bronsmytb, of Mid^htun, 

WiJJiani Biownwnith, rector of Stitfkey 
CO. Norf ijeg: Ff. ii. ijj. 

Rrg. Univ. Oif. vol. ii. p(. ii. p iii. 

16^ Richard Soaioe i 
Browntmilh : Mairiare Lie ii 
Office), p. J13. 

Brownson.— Bapt 'the : 

1776. Married — Stephen ll™ii« 
Jane Boaltoo : "- "- "- 

For other 

HaBcbeUer, 3 ; New York, i. 

Brownaw&ln. — Nick. John 
Brounsweyn. P. ; Thomas Broune- 
swayne, C. R., 13 Ric 11. pt. i. 

K. Geo. Han. & 


worth. — Local, -01 urowns- 
worth,' or ' Brownsward ' (v. 
Worth). The following entry : 
Richard Whitswerd, C.R., 6 Edw. 
Ill, seems to prove -nvun/the suf- 
fix; cC Greensward. On the other 
hand the register of Prcstbury 
Church, CO. Cheshire, the district 
in which the surnRme seems to 
have arisen, has it indifferently 
Brownsworth and Browns word, 
and Hie former still exists in the 
neighbouring directories. 

John Biownawerd; muler of Maccln- 
field Cnminar BcbooL i(6i : Eau 
Cheahire. ii. iiS. 

RandeU Brawm-<- 
remley: Rtg. Tntl- 

i6u7. John Brandnlh 

IrownaoFde i ibid. p. 176. 

Back church, p. 54. 
1716. Bnned—EIIia 

BroWM[ n. Brewhouse. 

Broxbolm. — Local, 'of Brox- 
holme,' a parish in to. Lincoln, 
near Lincoln. 

■J70. Thomaa Broiaam and Ann 
Laiivhtan: Uarriage Lie. (London), i. 4c. 

180s. Uarhed— T:harle( Colte* and 
Jane Bioihoknn : Sl, Geo. Han. Sq. 

Bruce, Browoa, Brewia. — 
Local, 'of Braosc' or ' Brause," (he 
castle of Braoae, 'now Brieuse, 
two leagues from Falaise in Nor- 
mandy' (Lower, p. 39), Spelt in 
every conceivable manner, I only 
furnish a few instances, Sussex, 
I believe, was the original home 
of the family. 

Bemanl de Bnu, CO. Haati, 1173. 
lubcl de Bmi. CO. Emex. ilrid, 
Margerr de Bniyit, co. Od^ ibid. 
William dc Breiue, co. Snaaei, iliid. 
Robert de Brcwet, co. Line., ibid, 
William de Brewui, co, Kent, ibid. 



This Williim is spelt in various 
ways, including most of the above 
and many oUicrs. 

London, 98, a, I ; Philadclpliia, 50, o, o. 

Bruokaluir.— Local; v. Brook- 

Brumflt, Brumlltt.— Loral, 
' or Broomtield.' q.v.; ^Ji/aa a suffix 
has been much tortured ; cf. Halfull 
for Hatfield. 

Haity Bromryd : Rff. I'niT. OiT. i. 1S4. 

London, i. o ; Oticy, o. i. 

Brummell, Brotiiiii«lI, Bru- 
mell, BromslL — Local, 'orBrora- 
hill,' part o( the parish of New 
Romney, co. Sussei ; cf. Brummelt 
for Broombead, There seems to 
have been another locality of the 
same name in the West country. 

John Bromhalle, CO. Son»., I Bdw. Ill 


Klri^r'aQue^. p. iSo. 

Looking at these references we 
must undoubtedly seek the West 
country for the parentage of this 

iliBnunmcll: Si. Geo. Han.Sq. 
- Daniel WeMonand Hannati 

r. Broonihead. 

Brumpton.— Local. ■ of B ru mp- 
ton.' Parishes, hamlets, townshii^, 
and chapelriea in cos. Salop, Kent. 
Middlesex, N. Rid. Yorks, and 

IVl«-i)eBTTiinplon,co,DrrbT, i»7J. A. 


.. Heref., 

Adam de Brampton, co. Salop, ibid. 
1559. Burird^Jtrlin Bnunlon : KeniinC' 
tonXli. p. 83. 
_ BapL— Ann, d. John Brooptoa: 

'li^S.^bfarried — William Mven and 
Ann Brompton : St. Geo. Han. 3q. I iHi. 

Bmmwlch ; v. Bromwich. 
Brumwin; v. Brunwin. 
Bnmdlah.— Local, 'of Bniu- 
dish,' a parish in co. Suffolk. 
Robeit de BinndiB, co. Ema, liji. A. 
Bdmond de Bnukdldi, rector of C^Mor, 

en. NorF., iMSi ' buried at Broadiili, in 

1601. Rob«t 'Brandiafa ; Reg. Unir. 
Oif, i. jji!. 
HDB. tSnflblk), 3. 

Brundrett, Brundrit, Bran- 
drltt, Brundrette. — } Local, ' of 
Brundreth ' (I). A sumBOic belong- 
ingtotheLanc.and Cheshi re borde r. 
Probably the suffix is -lualh, as in 

bniy ai. (CO. Cbci.), p. 7. 

Two close neighbour are thus 
described : 

Marrarel Bmndreth, ofBcwden-ldiS: 
■^■■"- ~t Clittler, L, and C. R- S. - -- 
ud Bnudmi, ai Be '" 

of Bollington. iGiB: 

Edward Bi 

It will be seen that the Bollington 
Brundrelbs have become Brun- 

John Bmndreth, nuror of Maceles- 
--'-• ■'-■ ■ "— Cheshire, - ' 

-e, ii. 465. 

-ried-Williun Bnindrin an 
well : St. G«. Han. Sq. L jj. 

o,or'MDB°(eft'c'fci)r»,3. LO^BniS 
drcitc, Boiion (U.S.), 1. 
Brun«.— (i) Bapt. (a) Nidk. j 

Brunei, Brunell, BnumeU. 
— Nick. Personal name of com- 
plexion, dim. of Fr. Bnin, Eng. 
Brown, generally found as Burnell, 
q.v. Brunellus Carpenter (E.) is 
also entered as Bumeltus. 

i.ilTi. Rahrn Brownell and Alice 
Mathe^'C! MarriaEC Lie. (London), 1. 40- 

Locdoa, 1, o, 1 ; Ne* Voik. 0, I, o. 

Bruil«t,Bruiiett; v. Brownett. 

Edyth Brangar.eo. Soo*., I Edw. Ill: 
tirby'iQi«3l,p.Iw- „ 

Adam BrynEard, co. Somi., 1 Edw. 
II: ih>d.p.ui- 

john BcyoEurd Co. Soms., 1 Edw. Ill : 

Aylwia Bringert, eo, Berlu, Hen. Ill- 

Re*. Univ. Otl. voL ii. pt. ti. p. 16S. 
— WilliaiB Broancker, co. Wiiu ; ibid. 
1617. MiddleKi: 


Bninniiig, — Bapt ; v. Brown- 

BruDSwin.— Nick, 'the Bnin- 
swine ' (i. e. the brown swine), an 
early name for the porpoise or 
seal. ' BuHswytu, or delfyne, /oca, 
dtifAinus, 3HiIlns ' : Prompt Parv. 
p. 54. V. Way's note appended. 

Richard Branimn, co. Line, ii;^. A. 

Brim ton .— Local ,'ofBrunton,' 
two townships in the parish of 
Gosfortb, CO. Northumbenand. But 
no doubt often ' of Brampton,' q.v. ; 
cf. Branwin and Brumwin. 

Adam de Branton, co. Salop, 10 Biw. 

1773. MBTiied— JinepJi WiiMIIpy and 
Elii. Brnnton : St. Ceo. Han. Sn. (. 127. 

London, 11 ; Boson (U.S.), 3; Phila- 
deipbia, 1. 

Brunwin, Brumwin. — Bapt. 
'the sonofBranwin.' It is curious 
to note how frequently h and m are 
interchangeable. Bninwin is some- 
times found as Brumwin. In the 
Modem Domesday Book for co. 
Essex there are four Brunwios 
and two Bramwins. 

Bnuelanoe, BniBsbat. ~ 
Nick. ; cf. Breakspear, Wagstaff, 
Shakespear, &c. 

Robert Bnuelance. co. Line. 1171. A. 

John BmKiunce. mayor of B^.lol, 
uao : YYY.p. 660. 

Nichoiai BnueSat, co. Sams., 1 Edn-. 
Ill : Kirby'i Qnest, p. 13a. 

Bruflhfleld.— Local, 'of Brush - 
field,' s township in the pariah of 
Bakewell, co. Derby. 

1700. Married— Jo«ph Bnuh 
Ult Taylor; St. Geo. Man. Sq. 

loKn le BnlDn, co. Oif., ibid. 

Richard Bniton, co. OiL ibid. 

1616. William Bmtun co. Devon: 
Rer. Univ. Oif. vol. ii, pi. li. p. WT. 

i;co, Uaciied— WillUm Bmton and 
Francea RJchardaon : St Geo. Kan. Sq. 

""l^l^dDn, 8: 1 


BiTan, Brysnt, Brian, Brlttn, 
Biiant.^Bapt 'the son of Bryan.' 
The ( in Briant and Bryant is of 
course excrescent. Bryan was not 
an importation from I reland, though 
its popularity as an English (i 
name is gone. It lingered in North 
Yorkshire, Westmoreland, 
Fumess till the close of the last 
ceotuiy. 'The Bretons, who joined 
in the Honnan Conquest, imported 
it to England' tYonge, " 
' Brien was always a fav 
Brittany, and is very co 
a surname with the peasantry 
there' (ibid.) i v. Brine. 

Wvdo Brran, to. Deiron, larj. A. 

Alkia BrKD, ol Camb.. itiir). 


Bubb, Bub. — Bapt ' the son of 
Bubb.' Lower, quoting Ferguson, 
says: 'Bubba, an ancient Teutonic 
!.' I would, however, suggest 
in some Babb(q.v. \ 
B nicic of Barbara, a ravourile 
fontal name in the surname period. 
Henry Bubbe, co. Somi., i Edw. Ill: 
liTby'iQBett, p. igj. 
Robert Bubbf, co. Soou., i Bd«. Ill : 

Simon Biibbc a 


ThoRuiGI. Brian, o 

o. Cmli., ibid. 

. York, it., 
.rk, ibid. . 

CDlin Briant, London. 1169: -WWV,: 
p. lis. 

The intermediate stage between 
Brian and Briant, or Btyant, is 
foundinthefollowingentty: 't^^a, 
Married—John Briand and Bar- 
bara Badihouse': St. George's, Han. 
over Sqiiiu*e, p. aaa. Cf, nband and 
ribboH, and Simmons and Sim- 

Londnti, 3-1. 61, 6, a, 14; PhiladfilphLa, 

101, 48, ^. 6, o. 

Bryoe.— Bapt. ; v. Brice. 

Bry«r.— Local ; v. Brear. 
_ Loitdon, 5 ; Philadelpkia, 

1; Neiv 

Brymer, Brimmer. — BapL 
' the son of Brihmar,' or ' Bricht- 
mar.' In Domesday Brihimar, co. 
Suffolk ; Britmar, co. Someiset ; 
Brihmanii and Brumanis, Co. 


Adam Brichnur, co. Heal., 10 £dw. 
I. R. 

1731. Married-John Blake and Ann 
Maiia Brimmer ; Sl AnthoUn (London), 

1141. — Luke Briaier tuid Francei 
Ketwinn : St. Geo. Cbap. Havfilr, p. ». 

1745.— Robert BryuwrandUargarelt 
Hotg: ibid.p.«- 

London, t. > ; HiiladrlphiB, o, >. 

Biraoa.— Bapt.; v. Brice. 

'Richard Dahbe, aliu Bubbe de 
Horvy,' iK Edw. I : BBB. p. 410. 

1801. Married -loKph Subb and 
MaitfmPnrliiM : Sl.Geo. H«i. Sq. H. 3j6. 

London, 5, o ; PhiLnddphLa, 1, i ; New 
York, o, 3. 

BuohtUiaD.— Local, 'of Bu- 
chanan,' a parish in co. Stirling. 
This name has ramiGed strongly, 
and almost become English by 

1807. Harried— John Buchanan and 
Elinbeth Richardaon : Sl Geo. Han. 

London. iS; Phiiadelphia. 144. 

Buok, Bucka. — Nick, 'the 
buck.' Two Johns in tbe village 
of Linford, co. Oif, are set down 
as John Gifliird le Bok and John 
Giffard le Hof (.Placita de Quo 
Warranto, Edw. L p. 86). No 
- ibt both were sons of one Gif- 
i, both t>etng baptized by the 

E nicknames were added to 
ure identity (v. my Curiosities 

of Puritan Nomenclature, p. 4. 

where records of even three Johns 
n a family are quoted). 


: p. T. Yorki 

Bok, CO. HoMi, ijji. A. 

Richard Bokr, co. Oif- ilnU 
Robert de P le) Bok, co. Ewi, ibid. 
Thomaa Bnk, co. Camb., ibid, 
ini. Bapt.—Jotce^d. William Bucke; 

Sl Jaa. Cletkrnwell, i. J. 
1764. Marri<^— Benininin Bnck and 

Un Taylor : 5l. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 130, 
London, >?. 1 ; Philadelphia. ie6. □, 

Buokby, Buckb«e, Bugbee, 
Bugby.— Local, 'of Buck^,' a 
Irish in co. Northampton, four 
iles from Daventry. I can find 
It one or two modem English 
representatives, but the 


thrives across the Atlantic Wth 
Bugbee, cf. Applebee for Appleby, 
and Bugden for Buckden. 

William de Backeby, or Bakebr, co. 
Buckfc 1.7J. A. 

1665. William Ti|rhe and Hannab 
Bockby : Marriage Allej. (Canterbaty), 


enm DancaM 


3t. gS*H»o. Sq.1?. 

IB! Clark JerrdK 

Bogby and Hi 

1 Philadelpliia, J,i^ 

■8, a 

Buoken ham .— Local ,' of Buc k- 
iham,' four parishes in Co. Nor- 
folk, vii. Old and New Buckenham, 
Buckenham Parva, and Buckenham 

William de BnkenhaiB, co. Notf., 

Ralph *de Buknham. co. Norf., ibid. 
Frier de Bnkenham, co. NoiiT., 1177 : 

Hugh lie Bukenham, co. Norf., 133J 1 

Richard Bockenham, vkat of Qaarlei, 
CO- Norf., temp. 13011: ibid. ir. jjI. 

Oliver Buckenham, co. Norf., it El'i' : 
ibid. I. 14. 

17R6. Married^Edward Mayhew and 
Sanh Buckinham : Sl Geo. Ijan. Sa. 
■ 38.1!- 

London. 31 MDB. (co. Suffolk). ■: 

BuiikereU._(i) Nick, 'the 
buckerell,' a young buck ; cf. Cock- 
erell and v. Buck, (a) Local, 'of 
Buckerell,' a parish iu co, Devon, 

ear Honiton. 

Andrew Bokefell. Lord Mayor ol 

ondon, 1JU-7 : N. and Q. igs7, p. 197. 

PrterBokerel. CD. Oif, 117V A. 

Mathew Bokerel. London, ibid. 

Robert BokereL co. Norf., il»d. 

William Bokerell, London, ibid. 

Buokerldge, Buokrtdge.— 
Local, 'at the Buchridge,' with an 
live <, making three syllables ; 
cf. Greens-way or Ott-a-way. I 

inot find the spot, but evidently 
'as a ridfie frequented by bucks ; 
V. Buck and Ridge. 

iSir. Anthony Backeridee, co-Wilti: 
Ree. Univ.0,1, vol. ii pi, 11. p, 340. 
1611. John Buckeridge. London; ibid. 

'^i^-Mamed-Thoma.Hill and Mary 
Buckeridgei Si. Geo. Chap. Mayfair, 

London, J, ; New York, o, 3. 


Bttokett, Budgatt, Bowkatt. 
. — Bapt. 'the son of Buchani,' a 
form of Burcbard ; v. BurchctI, 
■nd cL Rickett for RicanL 

Robert Bohbard. rector of Cawnvoflh, 
Chnliliv, ijS] ; Ba« Chohin-. ii. •»!. 

RiliA ^ehard^co. (M., 


i59"-»- Matthew BackeH. co. Donel ; 
Ket;. LTbIt. CW. vol. ii. pt. 11. p. 190. 

Foreipi immigratlcm has swelled 
the Dumber of our Bucketts. &c. 
The Visitation otLondoD (1633-5). 
vd.i. p. 117, has 'Michaelt Bucket 
bome in the dominions under the 
Emperor nigh Hedieborow.' Hi> 
son was * Michael! Bucket of Lon- 
don, made a free denison anno 
14 Oizaheth.' His son Rowland 
Buckelt was a London aldenoan, 
1634. The origin of tbe 
remains the lame. 

London, j, 3, 1. 

—Local, ' at the buck- 
holt.' Le. the wood frequented by 
bucks ; V. Buck and Holt. 
Peter Atte-backboK. J. 

BUBUnKhAm. — Local, 'of 

.John de Bnkingham. eo. Oirf,, UJJ. A. 

1648- Bapt.— Gnrre, a. lotin BuckinF- 
ham : Si. jJkL ClcrkenKli. i. 171. ^ 

\Tf\. Married— FtiilipBuekiniliam and 
EJii. Cowan) : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. I. 31Q. 

London, 34; HDB. (co. DcTonV ic: 
Phibdelpliia, 34. " 

Biicklasd.— Local, 'of Buck- 
land,' parishes in cos. Bucks, 
Gloucester, Hertford. Kent, Somer- 
set, Surrey, *e. Originally the 
laund, or open space in the wood, 
where the bucks grazed ; a glade, 
now spelled lawn (v. I.owndes). 

Robert de Bokclond, Co. Soma., i Edv. 
Ill: Kirby'. qj-«, p. 9S- 

Jackyn aitc^exdond, C. R., ji Ed«-. 1. 

John de Bocklonde. en. 0%i. uqx. A. 

Nicholas de Bocland, co. Km, tgld. 

William de BocloK'L co. Bedf., ibid. 

Phillip de Boclaund, as. Keris, ibid. 

John de Bodaonde, 1306. M. 

1.™. Bapt— William, 1. Waller Back- 
Undt St. JM. ChTken.H-11. i. S. 

B. Thomaa Leadham and Cicely 

lonriaee Lie- (Lo<idoji), 1.94. 
MH. — Bargny. d. Tnomai 

l<|SS. Ban. — Uarrny. 
BnckUiHl : si. Ju. Cltrkfn-.. 
Loodoo, so 1 Philadelphia, 4. 


Buokle, BookeU, ButdceL— 

Local, 'at the buck.hill,' from resi- 
dence thereby, i.e. the rising 
ground frequented by bucks ; cf. 
Buckhunt, Buckholt, &c. With 
the modified Buckle or Buckell, 
cf. Tickle or Tickell for Tickbill. 
Doiens, I might say hundreds, of 
similar instances will be found in 
this dictionary. 

■JTO-I. Chnalopber Bnckis and Alice 
BnniinR: Marriajre Lic.(London)J, 4;. 

beth Hackle : St. Mary Aldermaiy, p. 7. 

1611. Thornai Buckle and Harv Cam- 
Grid : Matriaer Lie. (London), IL iti. 

1616. lohn^ucken and EJii. While- 
«de: ihid. p- 167. 

London, ,1, 1, 1; NenYork, 1, a o; 
Boston (l?.Ef5, I, o^ o. ■ • - ■ 

Btuskler.—Occup.' tbe buckler,' 
a maker of buckles. 

Beatrice Bokeler, 4 Edw. 
(4 York, ■ -' 


John te Bokeler, London, ig?3. A. 
im. Mcholaa Backlcr, St. Alban 
Hall; Ree, Univ. Oif.vot. il. p(.ii. p.40. 
RicharcfBokeler, temp. Eli£ Z. 
651. MaTTled-HuKhEdwiirditoJane 
'^' '" imai Che ApDfltle^Lon- 

icLleiiSI. Then 


St. Geo. Han 

le ApDfltle( 

m Taylor and ElitBocklcr; 

-- , ,, New'^Vork, i; BoMon 

Buoklermaker. — Occup. ' a 
maker of bucklers,' i.e. shields. 
' Bokelermakers, dyers, and Icther- 
sellers' (Cocke Lorelle's Bote). 
The ' Bufciermakers' played with 
the 'Shethers' and Bladesmilhs in 
the York Plays (p. xxiii). 

Mathew Bncklermaker, Lodlow Ch. : 
Camd, Soc. 

Buokleamlth. — A manufac- 
turer of buckles, jncltided in the 
list by the author of Cocke Lorelle's 
Bote ; ' Brydel-bytlers, hlaeke- 
horaeleches, and goldhelers.' 
John le BokelBnyih, London. X. 
John Bukelmylh, PalenI Roi; 1 Hen. 

Buckley.— Local, ' of Buckley.' 

(i) A pariah in dioc. of St. Albans; 
(a) a township (Bulkeley) in co. 
Cheshire -, v. Bulkeley. The Buck- 
leyaofcos. Lancashire and Cheshire 
are nearly all Bulkeleysby dcftcent. 


ChriMlan d« Bakkelvh, ca LatK.. 
■ 33. ■■ Lay Soh^v (Ryhldi). p. «. 

baiid de Bvckehy, £0. Yolk, t>7t. A. 

Michael de Bokrie, co. SalT., ibid. 

-I, Calerin Bulkley. of Chedale . . . 
ece and binacthn anio Sir Ric. BuckW 
Kt., my nephn-e, my be«t table clolhe ot 
diapr': ' Will d( Lady Kaiberine Balkeler, 
la the same will Udy Katherine 
refers to ' Mr. Thomas Buckley, 
my brother' (East Cheshire, i. aoC;. 

IjSo. Abraham Buckley, co. Lane, ; 
Reg. Univ. Oii. Tol. il. pL fi. p. 174. 

London, jo; Uanchester. <j; Wett 
RidingConrt Uir., 14 ; Philadelphia, 166. 

Buokmui^uaknain . — Local , 

' of Buckenham.' Several parses 
90 called in co. Norfolk ; cC Dead- 
man, Totman, Putman, for Deben- 
ham, Tottenham, and Puttenham. 
Thtis Buckman is one of a distinct 
class of local surnames where the 
termlnative -tnhain is modified into 

Ralph de Bokenham, c 

. Noif., 1 

London, i, o; FfaiUdelphiii, )i, o: 
Bob™ {V.S% 6, 8. 1- - ■ . 

Buokmaatar, — Local, 'of 

Buckminster,' a parish in Leicester, 
' not far from Helton Mowbray ; cf. 
KiUmisler for Kilminster. Tliere 
is B strong official appearance 
about tbe name, suggesting a 
'master of the hounds,' but I find 
no evidence for it ; the conuptJon 
is merely imitative. 

Simon de BokminRie. 1*95. M, 

Simon dcBukminHrc. 1197. ibid. 

Ronr de Bnkemlutre, co. Line., Heo. 
lll-&iiv. I. K. 

i6ig. Bap(.--Janiei, Ion of Jamea 
Bookemalflier : Si. Han'Aldernary,p.7S- 

■ 6>3. lohn Buckmuiter, leHledln Vir. 
ginia: HodcnVL^itiof Emi?ranu,p-2J7. 

1619. Bapt.-Sn»ai., d. WTHiam Suck- 
muten 5t,Ja>.CleTken»ell,iiii. 

Mary Tinker: Si. Cro. Han. Sq. i. 187. 

London, 8 ; CrockFord, 5 ; New York, 4. 

Bucknall, Buoknell, Buok- 

nlll.— Local, (I) 'of Bucknell,' a 
parish in co. Oxford, near Bicester; 
la) ' of Buckuall,' ■ parish iu co. 
Salop, twelve miles from Ludlow. 

AdundeBDckmhulLco.Oif,, 1173. A. 

Roben de Buckrihutl. co. dr., iUd. 

Gilbert de Bockenhnlt, co. Salopt ibid. 



fiL<u■llcBltclH!l>hIll1, CO. Oif., iiTi. A. 
ad« de Bockcnhutl CO. Silop, <bu]. 
17IJ. BaW.— Edwiri •. of Saml. 
Bocluohill : St. Jm. ClrrkrnwrU, M. 73. 
London, >, >, > ; PhlladElphla. o, 1, o. 

Buckskin, Buakin.— Nick. A 
soft leather specially prepared for 
leggings ; probably the sobriquet of 
a leather-hosier (v. LeatherhoacV 
Hence ' Buskines, fine boots ' 

Walter Bookyti, Cine Roll, 31 Edw. I. 

n^er BDckakyn. B. 

NlcboU* BoukTD, temp. 1300. M. 

Thooui BnckeakTn, rector of Stokeibr. 
CO. Norf., ijjr : FF. «i- »!'■ 

*A¥efTitoBt, pnATr maniii backikins 
uid He«an boots' : Tliukeray. 

Bucbskin inevitably tended to 
Buakin, and is so represented in 
the directories. 

Londoo, 0.5. 

EuokBon.— Local, 'of Buck- 
ston'; V. Buxton; cf. Kelson for 
Kelaton, &c. 

PliiUdelpliIa. 9. 

BuokBtOn.— Local; v. Buxton. 

Buoktiiorp, Buckthought.— 

Local, * of Buckthorpe,' a parish in 
E. Rid. Yorka, about seven miles 
iroin Pocklington. Having travel- 
led in recent times to Land's End, 
it got cormpted 'by the way ' into 

HuMlind<Biigtorp,ca.Na(li.ii7i. A. 

Cfoffrey i4e BDgtlorp, co. York. Hen. 
III-Edw. I. K. 

igol5. Married— JOKDhBgcklhon) and 
Ann Uonncr : 5l. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. ux. 

London, 1, o; New Qoay (co. Co™- 
wall), o, 1 ; Eau TapboiiK, Llikeard 
(CO. OmdwrII), □, 1 ; Si. Colomb Major, 

Buokton, Buoktone.— Local, 
' of Buckton,' B township in the 
parish of BridKngton, E.Rid.Yorks; 
also a parish in dioc. of Hereford. 

Lanrrnce de Bakton, co. Noithumpt, 

nVeolai de Bokeion, co. Noiib, ibid. 

Simon de Baclone, co. Line,, ibid. 

Adam de Bacton, co. Son*., 10 Edw. 
I. R. 

1565-6- William Burton and Sabina 
Hnnlatuui -. Marriage Lie (LoodonXi. 31. 

VTtt Ridini Court Dir., 6, o ; London, 
I, o; niiladclphia, o, I. 

BtMktrout.— Nick, 'the male 
trout.' The surname still lingers 
well-nigh on the very spot of its 
birth ; d. Trout. 

Johoona Buklrowte, t}79 ; P.T.Yotka. 
1379: ibid, p. 

1.78. Wdlia. 

"1 '"■ ^ki 

ucklrowl : Ree. L'niv 
. of Bcnjamii 

pi.— Hary, d. of BcnjamiJ 

Budd Bapt. ' the son of Bud,' 

or ' Bude,' a strongly established 
surname as the Hundred Rolls 
prove, some of the fontal names 
attached suggesting a Flemish 
origin. Both Budkin and Bud- 
cock, the pet forms, existed, con- 
firming its popularity. No doubt 
Bud was the nick, of the universal 
favourite, Baldwin, to avoid the 
fonu Bawd ; cf. Bubb and Babb 
from Barbara. 

William Bndekin, CO. Ounb., 1173- A. 

Simon Budecok, to. Norf.. Ihid. 

laliana Badde, co. Oif., iUd. 
'Iward Bnde, co. Norf., ibid. 

William Badde, co. Oar., ibid, 

Simon Bud, co. HnnU. ibid. 

John Budde, CO. Soma., 1 Bdiv. Ill ; 
Kirby'i Qne«, p, it*. 

1616. BapL— ElLinor, d, Svmga Badd ; 
Si. fit. Clrrkenwell, i. 104. 

i;4o. Married— CbriKopher Badd and 
Fiudence Soulh ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. I, U- 

London, 161 MDB.(co.Soou.}; Phila- 
delpbia, 47. 

Budden.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Badden,' Le, Baldwin ; v. Budd, 

Bnnqrud Budnn, co. Northampt., 
"73- A- 

litSi. IohnBudden(co.DDnel),Menon 
ColT: Rrg..Vniv. Oil vol. iU pt. li, p, 1 n. 

IJ07. apt.- Katlirryne, d. Oement 
Badden : St. Dionii Backchnrch, p, to. 

1631. Matiied— Simon Badden and 
JoaniHulberMav; KeniinKIon Ch. n. 70. 

London, lo; BoBtor(U.Si), 1. 

Buddie.— Offic. Mhe beadle'; 
Ti.E.b«i,l;A.S.b^rl. Cr. Boodle. 

Lnrai Buieilus de CUybaroc co. 
Salop, 'm- A, 

ICjIatdui le BndeL co. Oif. 1371. A. 

Reginald le Badell, co. Salop, 'hid. 

WiTliam le Budel, co. Somi., i Edv. 
Ill : Kiiby'. Qoen. p. Hi. 

Robert ]e BudFL co. Somi., 1 Edw. 
HI: ibid. p. 368. 

1778. Manied— Matthew Sooby and 
Grace Buddleii St. Ceo. Han. Sq, i. igi. 

Bodgett. — Bapt ' the son of 

Buchard ' ; v. Buckett. 

1787. Married — Jahn Hanklna and 
Saiah Badgell : Su Ceo. Hao. Sq. L 404. 

Bugbeo and Bugby.— Local ; 
r. Buckby. 


Local, 'of Buckden,' 
■ parish in co. Huntingdon, four 
miles from Huntingdon, where for' 
generations was a residence for 
tbe bishops of Lincoln. It was 
familiarly known as Bugden. 
Thomas Barlow (1607-91), 
bishop of Lincoln, 'resided so con- 
stantly at the episcopal palace at 
Buckden, near Huntingdon, and 
was so little seen in other parts of 
the diocese, that he was contemp- 
tuouslystyled "Bishop of Bugden," 
and charged with never having 
entered his cathedral' (Diet Nat. 
Biog. iiL 337). The instances bek>w 
supply ample proof of locality. 

John Bakden. rfctor of Baldnrell, eo. 
Nort, 1419: FF. TilL 1S6. 

Jcdin Bugden, gent, co. Hanlingdon ; 

1807. Harried— William Bngden and 
Ann Webley 1 St. Geo. Han. Sq. iL 375. 
London, i. 

Bugg, Buffge.— (i) mick. ' tbe 
bug,' i.e. the hobgoblin, the scare- 
crow ; K.E.l>ufg4. (3) I Personal, 
' the son of Bugge ' (?). The early 
entries seem to prove conclusively 
that it is not local ; there is no 
local prefix lo any of them. Pro- 
bably (i) isthecorrectorigin. The 
sobriquet would be a most natural 
one; v. Bug, s6., H.E.D. 

Bate Bngpe, co. York. 117?. A. 

Willram^gge, co. Oif.. ibid. 

Oibeme Biuriie, CD. Oif,. ibid. 

lohn BuKg, CO. Soma., t Ed», III: 
Kirby'i Quot, p. U9. 

Willelmaa Bagge, 1379: P. T. Vorki. 

'KobertnaBugg;. 1379: ibid. p. 36. 

lohanneq BugE. 1370 : iiMd, p. 37, 

Edmund Bugg. C. R., 1 HenriV. nt. i. 

1.W8. Bapt-John Bngge ; St. Micliael. 
Comkill. p. 7."!- 

Jobn Bngg. March 30, IJ91 : CaL Slate 
Papers (Domestic), iii. JO.*;. 

Mary Bugg : Si. Geo. Han. Sq, i. 3JI. 

.0; Ne*Yo, 


Builder, Bulder,— Occup. ' the 
builder,' a mason, a waller, ■ 
builder; M.E. bHldtn, to build. 

Robert Bulder, ca York. IITJ- A. 

Rngecni. Balder, 1379 : P T, yorki.p.34. 

Johanna Bul^r, tsjg- ibid. 

Fulkeler, BuUOey.— Local, 
■ of Bulkeley,' a townahip in the 

, Google 


parah of Halpas, co. Cheshire. 
The M anehcster Directory con Uina 
fifty-two Buckleys. Most of these 
represent a modiSed form of 
Bulkeley ; v. Buckley. I may add 
that the township is set down io 
Lewis's Topographical Did. as 
' Buckley or Bulkeley.* 

RichKrd de Bulkelegh, ClK*dU, 1349: 
Eut Clnliin, <. 181, 

WiJUun de BolkctCEti, CbeaHe, 1379: 

Richard de Bulkeley, Clwwlle, 14^ : 


Thomu BokiyiR, eo. Em i, ibid. 

Simor, Coant of ' Botoyne,' co. Oif. A. 

Slnmo de Boleyn. FF. 

Koben Butcvn, temp. 1580. Z. 

ITU. UvTwd-NkiKilu But Jen and 
laiKCiiiT : Si. Geo. Hsn Sq. i. 14. 

I7]g. — Thomu BBlline and Mary 
SUDGeld : ibid. p. ij. 

■ - K — JoKph Cooper and Ann 


', Angkaea : iljjd. 

; ?hila- 

Loadoo, o, 3: Croekrord, 
delphla. 5. o i BoMoo (U.S.), * -. 

BulL— Nick, 'thebull/fromthe 
fierce disposition, or thickset pro- 
portions, of the original bearer of 
the sobriquet ; cf. Pigg, Wildbore, 
Bullock, &c John Bull is now 
the national nickname in a sinular 

Jolin 1e Bole, CO. SooK, I Bdif. Ill: 
Kliiiy'* QneM, p. 101., I17J. A. 
Oeoffiey BoUe, eo. Soff.. ibid. 
Ralph le Bale, co. Oif., ibid. 
Robert le Bale, co. Soma., ibid. 
WilWniQ. B Jle, ijjg ; P. T. Torka. 

EQenaBall', i3jp: ibid, ji 197. 

it Bnil: 
St. Jaa. ClerkenwElI, i. ao. 

London, 81. 

Bnll&rd. — Occup. 'abull-berd,' 
V. BcUbird; cf. Coward, Oxnard, 
Scc^ and v. Bullockherd. 

Fuleo Bnllaid, co. Kent, Ben. III- 
Edv. I. K. 

_ _. . . , ».' keni," 
1671. Jeremiah Bnllud and Lncy 
Siwwe; Haiiii|E Allct- <Cuiteibaiy), 

i-Tohn Balla 
a. Han. Sq. li 

Yorkthire, IS^ P- '*9- 

Gihbat de Boolon, co. Nsrthamb. 
1168: ij. 

Phaiamqnd dc Boloynne, co. Bncki, 

Bicliard de Boloyifne, co. Soma, Ibid. 
Jota de Bsloyne, co, Cunb., ibid. 



Bulls;, Bolley.— Local, '01 
luUey,' a parish in co. Glouc A 
very ^miliar name in co. Devon. 
Inch de BoUey, co. Dctob, Hen. III- 

Mariel de Bollcy. eo. Devon, ibid. 
Johanna dc Bnllay, i]79 ■ P- T. Yoika. 

^ lioa. Married— John Pitcher and BUt 
BdU^: St. Jaa. cfcrke^wel^ iiL HI. 

London. 4. 1: Exeter, l.Oi Plymonth, 

BuUflnoh.— Nick, 'the bull- 
finch'; cf. Goldfinch and Finch. 
This surname seems to have 
deserted us and emigrated to 

Robert Bulfincfa, Cloae Roll, 14 Edw. 

167a. John BdllGcch and Mary Rnvei: 
KaniaRe Alleir. (Canicrbnijl.j). 186 

Philadelphia, s i B<>»o<> (V.S.), 1. 

BulUiead,Bullitt.— Nick. 'the 
bull-head,' a man with 
shaped head, or of bull-beaded 
impetuosity ; v. Bullhead and Bull- 
headed in H.E.D. My instances ir 
this sense are very much earlier than 
those there given. With the Ameri- 
can Bullitt, cf. Birkett for Birkhead, 
or Blockett for Blackhead, q. 

John Bob-heoed, Co. 

Richard Bolehcred, 

John Boleheved. - 

AdamBulbead, I 

BulltnKbrook. — Local, ' of 
Boli nghroke,' a parish in ca Lincoln. 

MDB, (m. Suilolk), 1. 

BuUinger, FuUinBer, Ball- 
ingar, Ballenger.— Oc^up. "- 

boulanger,' the baker, 
is a sharpened form. 

Richard le Bolenpw. E. 

Ii64. Bapt,-ChUnkld.JohnBullliiEer: 
St-XhoDiu Ihe Apoille (London), p. 33. 

1711. Married— Abraham Bi«hop and 
AnM Ballinnr : St. Peler, Conihill, p. Sg. 

1760. Bapt— John Taid and Rebecca 
1 Polliiiger : St Ceo. Haa. Sq. L 186. 


.juu. M 

London, o, 


., i.o;CrDcklard,i,cso,o; 

i, 18. ij, 18. 

-Nick. ; V. Bullhead. 

BulllTant, Bonnivant, Bonl- 
taut, BonnAVant. — iBapt. and 
nick. ' Bon-enfant,' Englished in 
cases to Goodchild, q.v. 
BuUivant is the present representa- 
tive form. 

liam BoneofannC, or BonaffaDot, 
Je-^), Pipe Roll, 

Camb., rm. A. 
Camb , ibid. 
Bcka, ibid. 

Lindm, 7, o, 1. o; Borton (U.S.), 
1,0,0, I 

BiiUman, Bulmftn.— Occup. 
'the bull-man,' i.e. bull-herd; v. 
Bullard, and cC Coward and Cow- 
man, Hefferman, &c. 

John Boleman, to, Camb, 11 

°1J30. thom 

Waller Bulien 

0. Norf. : 



in: Marriage Lie. (London), i. 7!*. 

.amBnlnian. D. 

. Bnried — Ralph Bnlman : St. 

'uSdon," ™ Nei York, 3, a. 

Bullock.— Nidi. ' the bullock,' 
affined upon some one young, 
strong, and sturdy ; cf. Bull, Stott, 
&c. A common cntiy in early 

, A. 
ihBDllAkc, CO. Norf., ibid. 
■ Bulloc, CO. SoB., ibid 

Bulluc, CO. 0.f,. ibid, 

William Bollnc, CO. Oaf,, ibid. 
Waltenu Bullok, im- P- T- Vofki 
i'^ Simon Ballocke, (Jotwieh : FF. 

Ralph 1 


,y Google 

id Am 

■STti. John BaUock uid Amre Pollye : 
HirrraEe L.ic (Loudon), I. T'- 

1606. Muirinl— Gcorn Pittciuon and 
Alice BuUock: St. I>ionii Bukdiurch, 

'''lAadoD, 31 ; Philadelphia, 19. 

BiiUookhanl. — Occup. 'the 
bullocfe herd,'a lender or bullocks ; 
cf. Calvert, Cow&rd, OxnBrd, &c. ; 
V. Hini. 

John le Bolloclinnie, n. Somi., 1 Ed*. 
Ill; Kirb/BQaut,p. 33I- 

Bullitt.— Local, ' at the bull- 
pit' (I) ; cf. Cockpit and Bearblock, 

171S. Mamed-Iahn BnlliHltand Mar> 
Waiu : St. Aniholin (London), p. tjo. 

1756. - Ed*»rd Willan and Muy 
Bollpall : Si. G», Han. Sq. i. 6j. 

1780. - WiUiuin CooRe and 
Bnlpitt; ibid. p. 315. 

Bulmer, Bullimer. — Li>cal, 
' of Bulmer,' parishes in N. Rid. 
Yorks and CO. Essex. Doubtless 
the former place is the chief parent. 
In the latter count? the lurname 
is found sometimes in the guise of 
BuUimer ; cf. Grcenaway for 
Greenway, or Otlaway for Oltway. 

Waller de Balincr, auraw-, 1119-X1; 
Fmmcn of York (Snites Soc.), t. 19. 

Richard de Bulmer, /hht, ijiO'ii: 

' Bm™deBBleirer,li43:DDI>-'97. 

jiJindeBnlnHr, co.Leic^ 1)7]. A. 

Roeer de Bokmere, co. E™ei, Ibid. 

Arithetill de Bulmer, do. York, aoEd», 
I. R. 

Waller Bolfoier, CO. SomL, I Edw. Ill : 

ISJ6. RichanJ Lejle and Mamrri 
BBlineT,mii&TD': Uamage Lie. (London), 

Bulmer : ibid. p. a: 
l6s6. MarriMJ— 
Uaiv Bnllmar; 

'"'1780. - Williai 

Borton ; Si. Geo, Han, Sq. 1. 307. 

York, 6,0; London, 10. o; MDB. 
Ema), o, i; Ne* York, i, o; H 
dclphia, g, a 

Bulatrod*. — Local, ' of Bul- 
strode,' an estate in co. Bucks 
(Lower's Patr. BriL p. 4S)- 

Preceptor Don.™ Hilicie Templi de 
BaleMrode, Bucki. 1171. A. 

1S91. Henry flulitrcy, co. Bncka : Ree- 
ITniv. Oi(. vol. ii. pt. ii, p. 104. 

1603-4. Edward Boalumde, co. Bncka 
ibid. p. 360. 

1617. Thomai Bnturod, co. Bcrka 
ibid, p. 36s. 

p. Ml. 

and Sarah 

B. (CO. 

» (U.S.t, 

Bulteel.— The Bulteels seem to 
ave come into England at the 
close of the i6ih century. The 
' itioQ of London (1633-5), 
p. 118, says: ' James Bulteel of 
Tourney, in Heuault.' His grand- 
son, Charles Bulteel, was living in 
London in 1634. The family seems 
ave rapidly increased, as five or 
branches were settled in the 
south of England by the year 1670. 
The firsl instance below is mtereal- 
ngas marking an early settlement. 
Probably this family died "■' 



1673. Samuel bi 
Marriage All«. (CarterbBriFj. p. « 

1675. John SuWl and Maty Wood. 
ward^ 'Marriage Alleg. (WeominaerX 

Btilter.— Occup. ; v. Bolter. 

Bumfiray. — Bapt 'Ap-Hum- 
phrey ' (Welsh), i.e. the son of 
Humphrey ; v, Boumphrey and 

1633. Rofer Borafrey and Sni 

- I Nick. Lower 

:ori«aponding . . „ 

loot, Golightly, &c, the opposite 
of Halpas. This view is strongly 
confinned by the first entry bi-low ; 

1616, John Lloyd and Anne Bonpaae 
Maniage Lie. ( London! ii. 45- 

1618, Bnried— An inlant daaEhler of 
TliomMBumpai: KeniinilonCfi. p. uo. 

i6]g. Bapl.— John, s. Thomu Bum. 

i6jo, — Jamea, ion of Jamei Bnmpos: 
Si. Ju. Clerkenwell, L US. 
London,?; Boaton (U.S.), 11. 

Eumstead, Bumstad, 

BumpErtead. — Local, 'of Bum. 
stead,* more correctly Brumstead. 
The T was lost very early. There 
are parishes of Brome, Broome, 
and Bromeswcll in co. Norf. The 
broom seems to have been a fea- 
ture in the county. 

Chriatopber Bnuntede, CO. Notf., 1534 : 
FF. L^ 317. 

William de BaniMedr, co. Kotf, ibid. 
Robert de Brnmiled, co. Norf., ibid. 
Edivard de BmrnMed, co. Norf., ibid. 
Thomu de Bnmpuede, bailiS o( Nor- 



w York, I, 

Btinbtuy. — Local,' of Banbury,' 
parish in co. Cheater, near Tar- 
parley ; v, Banbury. 
Eliiabetb de Banbery, co. Canb., 

r47). j'ohD Banbdiy, Eanraker'a Bait 
ChnbiTK e. t6, ». 

■117. Jw" BnnbiTT. of Cheater, mtr- 
oh»f/ : Willi at Cheater, i. JS- 


16*19. TliomaaBanbnrie, CO. ^™^'- ^V- 

niv. Oaf. vol. ii. pL ii. p. X16. 

1614. Bapt.— Daniell, aon of Lawrence 
nnturie : Si. Jaa. Clerken.-em L 1J7. 

Crockford, J. 

Bunolark. —Nick. ' bon-clerk,' 
the learned ; cf. BeaucleA and 
Hanclark. Bunclarii still survives 
in the south-west of England. 

Enuna Bonclerk. H. 

John Bofwlerk. H. 

kDB.(co.DevonX3;Bxeler, i, 

BlmoomlM.— Local, 'of Bun- 
combe,' nr 'Boncombe,' some spot 
in the West country, probably CO. 
Sons. For suffix, v. Combe. 

Rkhard de Boanerambe, co. Soma., 
I Edw. HI ; Kirby-i Qoe«, p. 147. 

MDB. Ico. Soma), 3 ; London, I. 

Bund, Bundy. — Bapt. ' the 

son of Bund.' The masculine 
Bundus is found in Domesday in 
COS. Yorl;, Essex, and Norfolk. 

Bnnde fil. Herrici, co. Norf., Hea. Ht- 
Edw. I; K. p.ia4. _ . . „ , _, 

Philadelphia, t, 
Btindy. — 1 Bapt. ' the son of 
Bundy'(!),i.e.Bundig. Bondigwas 
staller under Harold, and in com- 
mand at Stamford Bridge (Freeman, 
N. C. voL iiL pp. 5', 3*')' The 
Yorkshire entries below may be a 
traditional memory ; v. Bund. 
William Boodl, co. Bedf,. 1173. A. 
Richard Bondy, eo. Bncka, ibid 

Rc^n Bundy. I 

Adam Bandy, c 

,. Bncka, ibid. 
„. York, ibid. 


MairinjE Alice. (Cintrrboryi. p. 8q. 

iSoi. UarWed — Gcoive Bandy and 
Sarab Brant : St. Geo. Hu. Sq. ii. 141. 

Londooij; Boston {U.S.XS J PhiUdel- 

Bnnsejr. — Local, 'of Bungay,' 
a market-town in the to. of Suffolk. 
A priory there gave it prominence, 
such institutions giving a great 
impetus to Jocal suroames. 

Jeffrey dn Bongrje, co. Notf^ tnnp. 

John dc Boiuey. rector of Hoclmiolil, 

co.Norf, ijes: 186. 

Remrr de Bangry, aherjfl of LondoD, 
IJTO: WWW. Ep, 187-100. 

Stephen de Biui|lieyc, CO. Noff., 10 

RB]|,iJ73. A. 

Robert de Bnnnye, co. Norf., ibid. 

156^. UaiTied.>^i^D Bangr J, firtacAtr, 
■nd MarKarec Puke*: St. Anlhulin 
(London), p 17. 

1771. — Tfaomai Hicki and Hamuli 
BaniCT; St. Geo. Han. Sq.i. 109, 

LonooD. 1 1 FtiiUulelphiai, 1. 

Bunker. — T Nick. ' bon cceur ' (t) ; 
cf. Engliah Goodhart. But pos- 
sibly a form or batditr, a money- 
changer (v. Bank and Banker in 
H.E.D.). Nevertheless the' Ikmi- 
liar existence of Goodhart proves 
the nick, origin to be quite possible, 

William le Bomlur. O. 

John le Boscer. E 

tsSt, Edwaid Bondcer uh] ManrarM 

Rowdooi MarriiEeLir.(Loiidon),i7iu. 

iM*-3. lenmiah Swift awl Elii. 

Bnncker: Batiiaee Alleg. (CaMertHuyX 

'iHg- Married- William Banker and 
Jemima Skedmorc : St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

Lofidoii, 6 ; UDB. (CO. Bncki), 3 ; New 
York, 7. 

Bunn. BODoe. — (i) Nick. ' le 
bon,' i.e. good. Often an expres- 
sion orendearment, ' good little one ' 
(v. Bunting and Bonnet). Fr. bon, 
good, dim. boHeL Probably Bon 

iiame, as was so frequently Good, 

BoDiie Welle, co. Norf- Ian. A. 

Rocelin le Ban, co. Wlln, iWd. 

Raipsw Bonne, IJ79 : P. T. Ytvka. 

leBohun'; v.Bown. 

d Maiy 


tfilS. Jorfls Bonn, CO. Ha 

Univ. if. p. 371. 

178S. Married— John Bonn i 
WnJlinfton: 8l Geo. Han. Sq. 

Bunce is for Bunns as Ellice for 
Ellis, Dance for Dans, or Evance 
for Evans. 

Waller Bana. co. Oif., 117*. A. 

I&71-], John Butcher and Jane Bance: 
Maniace Allsr. (Cantecbnryl, p, 68. 

iT66r Marned-Janea Howton and 
Martha Bunce ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 151. 

London, 6, 9; Philadelpliiii, 13, 3. 

Bumiell.-'Local, ' of Bonehill,' 
CO. Staff. ; V. Bonehilt ; cf. Buckle 
and Buckell for Buckhill. 

ineU, CO. Flint : Reg. 

-— , -- Jerome Fiiiber and Eiii. 
innell : Maniage Lie. ILondao), L JI7. 

V. Bonnet. 


reversed. Jannetin (afterwards 
in England Janneting) keeps the 
dims., as in Bonnelin, which pro- 
bably was also used as a girl's Kint- 
ikame, as were Bonne and Bon- 
nette. Four women are mentioned 
in the Coventry Mysteries : 

' Bontyng the Brenter. and Sybyiy 

Mevge tlery-wedyr and Sabyn 


where Brewster preserves its 
feminine sense. Here Bonnetin 
has become Bonting. The name 
is curiously interesting as surviv- 
ing in one of our bvourile nursery 
rtiymes, a strong proof of its 
antiquity : 

Baby, baby Bi 

Bunney, Biuuiy. — Nick. An 
expresaon of endearment. No 
doubt a pet form of Bunn, q.v. 

Rei, Uni. 

Buntdns, Btmtln. — Nick. 

' good little pet,' a tenn of endear- 
ment for a little child, anerwards 
applied more generally. 'Bunting: 
a term of endearment' (Haliiwell). 
' BuHtm, adj., short and thick, as 
"a buntin brat, a plump child," 
Roxb.' (Jamieson). The idea here 
is 'a good healthy child.' Fr. 
boimttm or bototrloH, from bonni, 
good, with dim. (f = bonuet(v. Bon- 
net or Bunnett), and second dim. 
IB oroK = bonn-et-in, orbonn-et-on. 
This became 'buntin,' or with ex- 
crescent ^ ' bunting' (cf. JeniQ and 
Jenningt. Many old French names 
are double diminutives (cf. Guillo- 
tin and Philiponet), and the prac- 
tice was extended to England ; cf. 
Cot-in-et, Dob-in-et, and Rob-in-et, 
where the same two dims, are 
reversed. These, being taken from 
Nicholas and Robert, are male 
names, however. In girls' natnes 
the order seema to have been 
L 2 

Uaddy'a gone a hnntinjr 
Gone to M a rabbit ikTB 
To wnpliii baby Banting in.' 
Thus Bunn (q.v.), 'good,' is the 
first stage; Bonnet or Bunnett 
(q.v.), ' good tittle one,' the second; 
and Bunting, 'good little pet,' the 
third. All are well preserved In 
our directories. 
Hngo Bonetnn, co. HeRi, 30 Bdw. 
, I. R, 

... 0. Orf., MTJ. A. 

Thonai Bnnetan, co. Oif., ifild. 
Hogh Bonlmg, co. Line. iWd. 
Henry Buntyng, co. So IT., ibid. 
John Bantyng, co. Suski. ibid. 
1687. MarrlfS-Earnrit Collmas and 
Anna Maria Bonalioe : SL Dionia Back. 

The suffix M or OH is frequently 
found as OHK or xn in early regis- 
ters. Both Alison and Beton 
(Alice and Beatrice) are met with 
as Alisoun and Alisun.and Betoun 
and Betun. Should Bunetun prove 
to be local, several of my instances 
must be withdrawn, but they wiU 
not aSect the origin of Bunting. 

LofHion. tiCandin all town directorio), 
o; FbiladelpUa, 7>, >. 

Bimyan, Bunyon.— (i) Nick. 
' Bon-jean'; in English Goodjohn. 
(a) Bapt ; v. Benyon or Onion. I 
wrote a series of articles some 
years ago entitled the ■ Romance 
of the London Directory,' after- 
wards printed in book form. 1 
stated that Bunyan was Bonjean, 
and that when we talked of ' Good 

D,y:.eG oyCjOOg IC 


John Bunyan' we simply ssid 
'Good John' twice over. This, I 
believe, was incorporated in a 
recent life of the greiit dreamer. 
But writing more soberly now, 
and after more study, I feel fairly 
confident that Bunyan's ancestry 
was Welsh. The great personal 
name of Enion or Eignon has 
left a very varied number of Welsh 
surnamea, for 'Ab-Enion,' as 
Benyon (q.v.) will show, played 
freely with the vowels. Still 
Bonjean is not impossible. 

1634. John Olirer and Aan Bunnyon : 
Marriage Lie. (London), n. it'. 

164a. Robert Banyon ud Mar|;iret 
Bayn« : ibid. p. 9^2. 

— MarrJed— Mathew Banniron and 
Frances Rawlyna: SL Peter, Comhill, 
i. 356. 

lOJJ. Bapt.— loliii, (on of Rowland 
Bannfon : Si. Jm. Oerlimwdl, i. 176. 

London, 1, 1 1 New York, o, 1. 

Burehett.— Bapt 'the son of 
Burchard ' ; occurs as Burchardua, 
a persona] Dame, in Domesday. 
In the fonn of Burckhardt, the 
surname has been imported re- 
cently from Germany: v. Buckett 

Robert Bnrghnrd, Co. Snff.. laij. A. 

Tbonua Burechard, co. SafF., ibid. 

Wiirin BarcK^rd, co. SaK, ibid. 

Wallet BarEbhard, LoDdoa, w Edw. 

1611. Married— Joha Cowdl and Sarah 

BarcheCt: St. Tbomaa t]wApo*tle(Lon. 

iSja. Bapt,— Etiiabetb, d. of Botchard 
Popplnp; : ibid. p. 68. 


It this 

with one except! 

instance is valuable. Probably, as 
Hugh and Robert Burdet occur in 
Domesday, (he family bail from 
some spot in Normandy, and 'came 
in with the Conqueror.' 

Nidiolai Bardet, co, Lioc^ Hen. III- 
Edw. I. K. 


ropping: it»d. 

m, Burdoa. — Local, 
Burdon.' There are two toi 
ships of this name in co. Durham, 
which have given their title to a 
local family. 

\r Buidon, cot. Notti and Derby : 

o. Will., im : 

Hen. Ill-Ed. 
Niclio' ' 

Robenna Bardoc, 1379: t*. T. York.. 

1808. — William Jackman and 
BnrdoD : ibid. p. 3S8. 
Xjjodon, 19, 7 i [tew York, 3, i. 

' Baidet, co. Lric, Ibid, 
de Bnrdet, Ule al ' Gemaejt,' 

WUliam Bardel, co. Leic, 117%. A. 
Slrphen Bardet, co. Line ibid. 
NichollBi Bardet, /nnJultyH, 1379 = 
Gilbeitaa ttaiA«L, Jaitr, 1379: itxd. 

'^cSmenl Bordett, or Bariitt, 15361 

Bcfj. Uni.. Oif. i. ili.s. 
1788. Sannell Barditt and Rebecca 
anlill.St. Geo. H.n. Sq. ii, 14. , 
iSof. Samoel BurdeU ud Charliate 
ardett : ibid. p. 309. 
l->ndon.f;,i;NewYork,i8,05 Boaltm 

(U.S.), 13. 18. 

Buroler.— Occup ' the burcler,' 
le who sold or manufactured 

iufif cloth ; V. Borrell or BurrelL 







W jfe. 

BuTge, Burdge.—(i) Bapt.' the 
son of Bui^e.' 
Barge AUenrater, CO. Kent, 1373. A. 
(a) Local, ' at the birch." 
Jaha de la finrchge, co. Sontbarapt 

"1708. Married— jBtnes Jemmetl and 
Eliubelb Boige: St. Geo. Haa. Sq. 

"'London, 17, 4; Philadelphia, o, 1; 
Bonon (U.S.), +, 1. 

Burger. — Occup. ' the burger,' 
i.e. the burgher. 

Henry le Barger, London. 1173. A. 

IT51. BaD(.— lohD, vn of Eliiabelb 
Bni^i Si JatClc' " " -^ 


BurgsH, Burgw, Burgls.— 
Occup. 'the burgess,' i.e. the 
citizen ; H.E. burgtya, 

HawiK Bnrgeya, co, BcdF., 1971. A. 

PhiKp Bnrgeia, co. Oif., ibid. 

«in le Bnrffei. ro. Sonthaaipt., ilnd. 
oBiBi Bntge™, CO. Norf^ ilnd. 
Adam Borgey^ 1379; P.T.Vorka.p.J9. 

Kiaanei Burgea, 1379 : ind. 
belt Bnrgem, Nuwich, 1519: FF. 

1614. UaiTied— Edward Batgig and 
land Goorde; St. AnthoUn (Loikdoa), 

1614. Bapt.— Svnioii, a. AUce Bargii: 

London, 76, I, I : Wett CootV 
>ir., 4, o, ; rhiladelphia, 37, 1, o. 

BuTgon, Burgoyne, Burgin^ 
Biirgoin. — Local, ' de Burgoyne,' 
native of Bur^ndy. 

John de Bargoyne, CO. Soma., t|m. A. 
Almarie Baijoyne, co. Bed/., ibid. 
John Banroyn. co. Glogc, ibid. 
Thomaa Barroyn. B. 
Eliiabet de Bargon, 1379 ■■ **■ T- Yorki. 

Richard Bunroyne, rector of Newton. 
3. Norf. : FF. .. 67. 

1638. Bapt.— Annt d. John Bnrgin: 
SL jia. CleTkenwcll, 1. 138. . . ^^ 

1703. Roger Bnr(royDe (CO. wafwickj 
•nd Conitanoe Middlelon ; Haniage Lie. 

1764. M^!m^-J<ihn Bnrgon and 5n- 
sanna Parkin : St. Geo. Han. So. i. 13S. 

London, a. 6, 3, o ; CrockTimJ, a, 1, o, 
I ; Philadelphia, a, j, ij, o. 

Burgulllan, Burlln K, Burlin. 
-tN!ck.'the Burgullian," i.e. the 
boaster ; it occura in Ben Jonson'a 
Every Man in his Humour (iv. 4) ; 
' That rogue, that foist, that fencing 
Burgullian ' (H.E.D.). A boaster, a 
braggadocio. Nevertheless the pre- 
fix is as often dt tA b, denoting a 
local origin. 

lO, CO. Norf., 41 
n, CO. Norf., 16 

and Buriinc 
irfi. Bapi.. 

ted to Burdline 

...—.™,», d. Richard BarMrie: 
._ the Apoitle (Londonjk p 33. 
Eliobelh, d. Kichaid Boidlin : 

VvSl BDiIed— Richard Bnrdlln 1 ibid. 
Londod,o,a, t 





Burke, Bnrk. — Local, ' de 
Bui^h,' H sbarpened pronunc[B- 
tion. The Irish Burkes are traced 
to the Anglo-Norman De Burghs, 
one of whom settled in Ireland 
soon after the acquisition of that 
country by the English monarchs. 
The name Alfric de Burc, appar- 
ently of Saxon origin, appears in 
the Domesday of Suffolk. In the 
Hundred Rolls the name of the 
famous Hubert de Burgh, temp. 
King John, ia sometimes written 
' de Burt' 

Gcollrej de Bait, co. HmTord, Hen. 
Ill-Edw.1. K. 

WaltfT de Bbrk, co. Hereford, ibid. 

Habert de Bark, co. Somi., i»i. A. 

Jobn de Bark, ool Soidi., ibid. 

1799. Harried -. Jama Burke and 
Smnnah Readding ; Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 


John Bark and Bliaheth 
nne: ind. p. 187. 
Loadon, 30, i ; Philadelphia, u8, Jjfi. 

Burlelgli, BuTley.— Local, ' of 
Burleigh' or'Burlcy,' the spellings 
being interchangeable. Places (in- 
cluding parishes, chapelries, liber' 
lies, and tithings) occur in cos. 
Rutland, Hants, W. Rid. Yorks, and 
Chester. With regard to the suffix 
-It^/i or -Uy, V. Leigh. 

KIcholu Botlei^ co. Soma, i Edw. 
HI: KiTt>y'i QneM, p. ijft 

John de BoiW', co. Salop, iijt. A, 

Sinwn de Buley', co. Sal«i, ibid. 

Hugh de Borlay, co. BeHu, Hen. Ilt- 

1577. Edwan) Bnrki^, co. Wllu: 
Reg. Univ. Oif. »ol. ii. pt. il. p. 75. 

1578^ Bdward Bnrler, co. WilU: 
ibid. p. es. 

1605. Hexiry Bnrligke, co. Devon ; ibid, 
p. 184. 

l-imdon, 4, 16 ; Hiiladdphia, 6, x : 
BouoQ (U.S^ to, 13. 

Burleoon.— Local, 'of Burie- 
ston,' a parish in co. Dorset, six 
miles from Dorchester ; cf. Kelson 
for Kelslon, &c But v. Burletson 
or Burltnson, of which it may be a 

163]. Bopt.— Sonn, d. UolDiew Bar- 
linn : S>. Ttaoniai the Apoelle (I^Dndnn), 

1645. Married— Tbomai Haddington 
and Gcilv Barlnoo : ibid. p. 17. 
Bomn (U.S.), i. 

BurlotSDH, BuTlliwon, Bor- 
Ungaom— Bapt. 'the son ol 
" ■ ' ' ' im nick. Bartle, 

, Bartlet. In this case Bartlet- 

has become corrupted to Bur- 
letson. The name was long con- 
fined to CO. Durham and South 
Northumberland, but has now 
reached London. Burlinson, a fur- 
ther corruption, still remains in the 

BynletBn, co. York. W. 17. 

1617. Bipt.— Slephen, >. of Malhew 
urlnone : St. Uarv Aldfjmary, p. So. 
' Her MajcMy and, the Princes were 

, -,-,-, -onderland, 0, 1, o: 

Nc* York, a, 3, o. 

Bwllngliani, BurUugame. — 

Local, 'ofBurlingham,' two parishes 
in CO. NorT, near Acte. This sur- 
name haa thrived in America, where 
it has assumed the form of Bur- 
Hagh de Byriinghim, eo. Nort, 
London, 3, o ; Philaddpbio, o, 4 ; 

Burls, — Probably a form of the 
Cornish surname Barlase. The 
ime reached London early. 
1646. Uarried -John Borlocc and Sarah 
in^craft 1 SL Qionii Backcharch, 

1^ — John Blonde 

1611. Edward Bnrli 


Lon^n, e ; Nec Y 

md Saioh Bnrica 
■nd Kary Potter 

Bunnaii. — Offic. 'the burman,' 
,e. bowennan, a chamberlain; A.5. 
lur, a chamber; v, Bowerman. 

Gilbert Bannan, ca CM., i>7t. A. 

Roberlu Burman, 1379 : P. T. Yorki. 

'' 158 j-E. William Bairaan, CD. Warwick : 
teg. UnJT. OxI. voL ii. pL ii. p. 114. 

i66g. Mairied— Thomai Howard and 
J^lii. Barman: St. Jaa. CkrkeDweil, 

Ofl!c. ' the mayor,' an importation. 
Dutch, InagomasItT ; Ger. BUrgt' 

Bum, Burne, BtimB, Bourr, 
Bourne.— Local, 'at the bum,' 
itream; Vl.'E,, burnt or bourne. 

: especially parishes in cos. 
Camb., Line, and Hants. With 
Burns, c£ Styles, Bridges, Holmes, 
Brooks, &c. Possibly the patrony- 
mic s, as in Williams, Jennings, 
and Jones. 

n atle Boam, CR., 17 Edw. til. 
^w. Ill ; 

Burnab;, Bumby. — Local, 
' of Bumby,' parish in dioc. York. 
For intrusive a, cf. Ottaway, 
Greenaway, Hathaway, &c. 

Nicholaa de Bumneby. Atfuwd^r (pro- 
bably for toandonr), 3 Edw. II : Freemen 


a. Bedf.. 1 


I631. Richard ^urneby and Tib 
Din^ley r Harria^ Lie- (LondonV li. » 

1749. BapL— Ann, dan Khtcr of John B 
Mary Bamby ; St. Geo. Chap. Mayfi 

Bumard, Bumat, Burnett. 
— (1) Bapt. 'the son of Bernard,' 
or'Barnard"; cf. Barnard and Bar- 
netL Bumard is found without 
surname attached in the Hundred 
Rolls, ii. 633. 

CDOlanceBamard. CO. Camb., 1173. A. 

Richard Barnard, co. Oif., ibid. 

Robert Burnanl, co. Bedf.. ibid. 

1546. Andrew Bumcl,Je«u Coll.: Reg, 
l'-fv!Ch(f. i. ■"> 

17S0. — Jcarph Sparkhall and Ann 
Bnmard : St. G^o. Han. Sq. IL 35. 
London, 3, 6, 37 ; Fbiladefphia, o, 4, 4]. 

Bumell, Bumel.— Bapt. and 
nick. As bapt. 'the son of Bur- 
nell,' as nick, 'the Bomqll,' in 


botli aata Uken from Ibe con- 
plezion ; a dim. of Fr, bruu, L e. 
Brown. In the sumane period 

'Dui BiuihI, the u 


I, The Ni 

A few lines later o 
Russel, the fox ' ; ' 
■ootber nunc of compli 
V. BorrelL 

Bnrnelliu CicjMiiter. E. 

John Bune^ co, Sam., 
KirbT'i Qocat, p. 157. 

laEn BenKlIu, co. Herein, Hen. 

Habot Butnrll, o 


J de Bo , , — 

Bannn]], ro. Cemb, ibid. 

HBCbBat>>eI,ca.S>]o[>,»Bdw.l. R. 

RoSen BnmeU, co. Devon, ibid. 

I.ISS. Baried-AEiiea Bonidl, St Peler, 
Cornhni, i, 113. 

London, II, 1 1 Fliilaiildphia, 4, o. 

Burnet, Burnett; v.Burnard. 

Bumey. — Local ; v. Bemey. 
But I suapect there was a Bumey 
in CO. Soms., the *y or ryot in the 
ioum. i.e, the river; or the hey 
enclosing the bourn at some par- 
ticular 9pot; T. Hey. 

Johu de Boumerhe, co. Soedl, i Cdvr. 
: KirbyaQocM-p. 1.11. 

1738. B»«. — Thnniai. ■. Tbomai 
Butdt : Sl Dicnii Backchnrcfa. p. r66. 

London, 5 ; MDB. (co. Somi.), j. 

Bomler.— Local, 'of Burnley,' 
an important town in co. Lancaster, 
ID the old parish of Whalley. 

HMoiaidf Branlay, i37g:P.T.Yotk>. 

1609. John BaniW, B™* Coll. (iwo- 
bablf oTco. Luicuter) : R^. Uaiv. Oir. 

'"'in>. Uuried-John Bwnlerlnd Maiy 
Svulanoa: St. Geo. Chap. Mayfait, 

L<Hidon, I ', Phitaddphia, J. 
Burns.— Local, 'at the bum'; 

Bumslde.— Local, 'of the burn- 
side'; V. Bum, and cf. Garsjde 
(i. e. Garthside), Akenaide (the side 
of the oak-wood), &c Probably a 
Scottish local surname. 

CnckfaTd, j; Loodon, 1 


Burrac*- Eurridca.— Bapt 
' the son of Borrich ' ; cf. Aldridge 

for Aldrich, &c. 

Henrr Borrich, ro. Soou., I Bdw. Ill: 
Kirhj'i Qtw«, p, 117. 

1660, Buried— Smanna Bnrr^e: Sl. 
Antholin (London), p. S7, 

1700. B>pt.— George, ». GeoT)^ Bur- 
riih : St. Dionii Backchurch, p. 148. 

173B. Buried— Ann Barridgc: ibid. 

Limdon, J, 11; Bo.<oa(U.S.), o, 3. 

Btm^l; V. Borrell. 
Bnnougfa, Burronghea, Bnr- 
rougho. Burrow, Burroweo, 
Burrom.— Local, 'at the bor- 
ough ' ; V. Bury, llie flnal 

ningS) Jones, Simonds, &c 

*Iahn atle Boroebe, co. Soni- i Edw. 
til: Klrbjr-aQneitp iSa 

Ricliard atle Bornrbe, ea Soau> 
I Ed«. Ill ! ibid 

Thomai Borewe, CO. SccB*., t Bdw. Ill; 
ibid. p. iiB. 

1741: Uarrjed — Winian Bamnrhi 
and BliiabFth Knlsht : St. Ceo. Chap. 
U>;Ui, p. 18. 

■ 75>. — Hermiea Bairm* and Sarah 
Whitehead : ibM. p. 318. 

London, 8, Bi 7, J, 6, 30 ; Philadelphia, 
J, 0,11, i,),4J. 

BuTBer.— Offlc ' the bursar,' 
a purser, a treasurer, one who 
bore the purse and paid the ex- 
penses (v. Purser), ' Purs, or burs, 
biraa': Ptompt, Parv. 

TohnleBaner, «i.Sona, lEdw. HI: 
Kfrbr'aOnea.- '- 

Roirerle Boa 



1363. Married— John SmTthc and Joyce 
Boraor : Sc DionCi Bukdinrck, p. $. 

Probably now lost in Purser, 
q.v. ; cf. PuUinger for Bullinger. 

Burstall.— Local, ' of BurstalL' 
(l) A parish in co. Suffolk, near 
Ipswich ; (a) a parish in W. Rid. 
Vorks, seven miles from Leeds 
(spelt Birstall). 

Robot deBnntal, CD. Lcic, 1173. A. 

Magou de Bnnlatlc, co. SalT. iKd. 

GeolrrrT de Bontalie, co. Soff.. ibid. 

Hen>7 de Borualie, co. Hanta, ibid. 

■«^ Tbooua Buntall: Reg. Uiiv. 

i6k.' lianrkd-William Bonlall and 
Bliiabclb Baae : St. Jaa. Clsrkennll. 

Roger le BoarCBT, Slamfotd, Ijofi. ] 


Buratow— Local, 'of Buratow,' 
I parish in co. Surrey. No cou- 
lexioD with Bristowe, q.y. 

John de Bantovc, 1301. M. 

IS73- Th™". j™-^ ' 

BurL— (i) Local, 'of Burt,' 
evidently a spot in the Eastern coun- 
ties, (a) Bapt. ' the son of Burt ' ; 
possibly a varranE of Bright, as in 
Ethelbert ; v. Bright, 

Thomaa de Bun, co. Norf,, 1973. A. 

Hamo Bwl, CO. Norf., ibid. 

Ralph Bnne, co. Leic, ibid. 

itoger Ban, co. Oxf., ibid. 

1610. TiulTim DofkCi R^. 
"-■" "-<-''■ ~ " (yi5. 

St. Ceo. Cbap. Uajfalr, p 
Londm, 37 ; niiladelphia, 33. 

BurtonBhaw,— Local ; v. Birk- 

Burtheyn.— Offic. 'a bower- 
thane,' a chamberlain ; cf. ' Bur- 
■nayden, oJvaTia ' (i.e. a chamber- 
maid) : Prompt. Parv. 

William Boitbern. G. 

Burtla.— BapL ' the son of Bar- 
tholomew,' from the nick. Bartle 
(q.v.), a corruptive fonn; c£ Bur- 
letson. Nevertheleas it may be 
local, as Burtle is a parish iu dioc. 
ofBathand WeUs. 

Edward Bartle, iilmmM, 1539, Nra- 
eaHlrKm-TiDe lUK of male pnnlBlion 
capable oflieaTinK anna): PPP. voL li. 

Burton- — Local, 'of Burton.' 
There are at least twenty-nine 
parishes called Burton in England 
(V. Crockford). 

Richard de Btinoa. imra/er, 5 Edw. 
II: FnoDenDfYotk,!. 14. 

John de Surtonc, co. Soma,, i Edw. 
Ill : Klibj'a Qoat. p. S5. 

WiUdmu de Bnrtcv, 13791 P. T. 

>: ibid. 

Hannah Abberley : St. Ceo. Chap. Hay- 

Londoo, 84 ; Philadelphia, iia. 

Burtonwood.— Local, ' of Bur- 

tonwood,' a chapelry in the parish 
of Warrington, co. Lane. 

Thoinm Burtoawood, of WarT^nfftorL 
i6i«! WillMatChc«cr(isis-i6joipjs- 

Heniy BDnoawood, of Actoo Clangs 



1607. Manied— ThutnuPatUTUt 

Alice Bartenwood : St. Tfaomu 
ApoMle (London), p. lO- 

1667- Thomu Bartmwood and ! 

Leftoni Uu-riaet AJIce- (Caiitarbqry)> 

■ndSvih WatU; 5l ADtliolla<LondonJ. 
'^ufndnter, 1 ; Phikdelpliii. I. 
BnrwMh. — Load, 'of 
wuh,' ■ pariah in dioc. of Chiches- 
ter, CO. Sussex, formerly Burshcr^ 
and Burghest. 

WilllaDi da Bunninh, co. Keat, 
Ed.. I, R. 

Robert da Boriheite, ok San 

Edw. I. R. ' 

1678. SteplKB Bonuh and EIL. 

Wiriiam atte BrnK Co. Sooia., I Edi 
Hit KittY'i Qant. p. 86. 

Kichard atte Ban, co. Soma., i Ed< 
III: lUd-p. 106. 

WiUiuD Mle Biuxh, CO. WUu, to Bdi 

' Jefan atte BbteIi, eo. Wilta, ibid. 

{») Local, 'oT Butt,' ^'^ 
similiT but earlier origin. 

GetMnj de U Bnir', co. Devon, ibid. 
Richard de la Barf, co. Deron, ibid. 
l6i6> Married — TliDrau Barre an' 
"-- ■ " - - " ' 1. Clerkcn 

i Pannenler; 

wdl. III. 79. 
— " - Bdmimd Bnr^ and Mvy 

Btubr^oahby. — Local, ( I ) ' of 
Buby,' now Great Busby, a town- 
ship in the parish of Stok^ley, 
N.RidingYorks; (a) ■ of Bushby,* 
A hamlet in the parish of Thurnby, 
fotir miles Cmm Leicester. 

John BoKby. co. Out., 1173. A. 

RlcardBideBoabjr, 1379: P.T.York*. 

Aciiiin de Bsikebr, im ' Ibid. p. 116. 

Anne Buble, iwi: Rrr. St. Dionii 
Bukchnrcb (London), p. sS. | 

HamphiTe Baibre. rector of Betwell, I 
CO. Wort., 1556 : F^- vii. 310. I 

17^. II uried — Jobn Hayward and ' 
BIb. BoilibiF : Si.Geo.Han.Sq. Lt6i. 

— — HcnT]p Smith aad Blisac Basbri 

Londoa,i4,9; MSB. Qfoctb. RhSot 

Yoiki], o, 1 ; Pbilwlelphia, 3,1; Ne 

Biuh. — Local, 'at the btish' 
V. Busk and Buss. 

160a. BapL — Dorathe, d. Nicholai 
Boah ; KeiuinElon Ch. p. 11, 

1670. Thomas BDih and Anr 
ben, (liii Goodwin: Huriaee Alleg. 
(Canterbury), p. jo. 

1747. Uarried-LnkeBaihand label 
Flecfc : Si. Geo. Chap. Mayfair, p. 95. 

London, 34 ; Pbitadelphia, 76. 

BuBhb7 ; V. Bnsby. 

Bualtar ; v. Bowsher (a), and 
perhaps CO- 

>s6«. WiUii 

Smithe : Maltiue Lie. (Loodoo) 

': Reg;. L'nrr^G 

1665. Abraham Bndier, of Loodoo: 
ibid. n>L ii. M. ii p. aSo. 

■661-3. Prand* Martin and Sbhd 
Batber: llaifia(e AUef. (C«rterbai7), 


Buok.— Lood, ' at the butk,' a 
bush, a thicket, fi-om residence 
thereby. ' Under boske shal men 
weder abide' : Proverbs of Hcnd. 
' Buske, or busshe, rutus, 
m's prompt. Parv. This 
name has generally become Bush 
(q. V.) in modern limes. 

Henry de] Bi 

BuMk, 1379 : P. T. Yorkfc 
ik, 1379 ; iMd. 


London, 7 ; New York, a. 
SuflUn ; V. Buckskin, 
Buoa, BuBse. — Local, 'at the 
bosh' ; V. Bush and Busk. 

MatildaBu>,co. Oir, 1173. A. 
Rabertui BoMe, Co. Denm, ibid. 
Adam Buk, 13711 : P. T. Yorki. p. 151. 
Willelmai de Baiae, 1370 : ibid. p. 330. 
1771. Married ZUenr, Galon and 
uanna Bon : Sl Geo. Han. Sq. L 113. 
London. 8, 1- 

BuBsell, BusheU, BushUl, 
BuBwell, BuaheL~(0 Local, 
<ofBossall,'a parish in the N. Rid. 
Yorks. This seems to have made 
little impression upon the direc- 
tories. (a)BapL'thesonofBu9seIl,' 
undoubtedly a fontal name that 
I made itielf felt IfanHiglMMit South 

England from Ekst to West, and 
was not unknown in the North. 

Slephan BnaKlman (I.e. the arrrant 
orBawl),co.Som(., iEdw.III:Kirby-> 
Qant, p. 10.. 

Robert Baabel, co. Soma., 1 Edw. HI : 

M^reia BokU, 1379 : P. T. Yorki. 

BusBsy.— Local, 'de Bussey,' 

' perchance ' of Buahey,' a parish 

CO. Hertford, near Watford. 

But there is evidence in favour 

of an immigration from Normandy 

(v. Lower, Patr. Brit. p. 47), 

Hqeo de BBiaey, co. Line, I173. A. 
Wifiian. de Buiy, CO. YorL iifi. 
Philip BucT, CO. Willi, ibid. 
'Sir John Bn-y(d 1 3.^ Speaker of Ihe 
onae of Commoni, wai iheriff of Lin- 
>1d in 1370. Holluhed apeaki of him 
1 " Sir Jbhn Bnahie " ' : Diet. Nat. Bioj. 



1777 Married — Robert Buary and 
"«lKr Reynoldi: St. Geo. Hsd. Sq. 

London, 7; New York,!. 
Biutard—Nick. 'the bustard,' 
large bird, now as rare as the 
eagle in England, but familiar in 
the surname epoch. Nearly all the 
birds, large and small, are cc 
to the directories. 

tobeita* Buitardbank, 1379: P. T. 
ohannea Baatard, 1379 : ibid p. ^91.- 
rhe name lingered on, and may 
11 exist in Eng:land. 
~ I. CTiMoTer Hndaon and Eliiabeth 

i^ Cbar>aB< 

1671- Job" Gre*ii™d'"a»d Aike 


Bnnard ; HairlagB All^. (CuterbMiy), 

BUHtler.— Nick, 'the bustler,' 
an active but fussy man ; cf. Snell, 
although fussinesi does not attach 
to that nick. 

Robert Ic Butlece, M,P.fat<».Caaib.: 
CIoK RoU, u Edw. 111. M. ii. 

William leBuKlera, Hen. III. T, 

Ruben k Butlere, Hen, III. T. 

Butoliart.~BBpi. ' the son of 
Bilchard'; cf.Burchett. 

Wahcr Buchaid. co. Sonu., i Edw. I 
Kirbr'i Quol. p. jo8. 

Rdph Badi^d, co. Oif., ijt.i. A. 

WflflH Boehaid, i;o. Wiiu, ibid. 

Butcher .—Occup. ' the butch er ' ; 
VI.E. tocher; O.F. iixAtr. Below 

are the only instances in the Hun- 
dred Rolb, and one is that of a mani- 
fest foreigner. A few years on ward 
the name grows more familiar. 
For these later instances, v. Bot- 
cher and Bowker. 

William le Bocrr, eo. Salop, ijii. A. 

---■--'- Ic Bocher. Loiaon,'fti>' 


). Norf., il 

Michael Ic BocbCT. T. 
1794. MarriKl— Joaulian Bulchn-and 
Ma^ Ellen Donet: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

London, jfi ; Philadelphia, 57. 

Butler.— (i) Occup. 'the bot- 
tler,' i.e. botUe-maker ; v. Bottle- 
maker. The ' pouchemakcrs, bot- 
elleis, and capmakers ' acted to- 
gether in the York Plays (p. xxii). 
These bottles were evidently of 
leather, (a) Offic. 'the bottler,' 
i.e. butler, one who looked after 
the bottles. The fomis c^ entry 

' Botler (ctialle Ktt for each a meae, 
A pot, a Ivfc, wichonien dinrcae.' 
Bake of Cmtaiye. 
Th« font yen, niv wm, than gbalc be 
panterr, or bauilare.' 

Katerina la Bntelere, co. Norf., ujj. A. 
Adam Ic Bnleler, co. Hnef., ibid. 

London, ir*; Philadelphia, 138. 
ButUn, BuokUn.— Local, 'of 
Buttevelyn,' some spot in Nor- 


mandy. The abbreviation to But* 
lin is quite natural. The corrup- 
tion is satisfactorily proved in 
Lower's Patr. Bril., Introduction, 
p. xxxvi. Bucklin is a modem 


Robert de Bottevillane, 
FF. V. 7,. 
Wllfiam de Boteveln, co. Norf., 131I 

Thornai BoterelyD, eo. Norf., r344 

Racer Boterilna, co. Unc, 1171. A 

willian BoKvlt^ co. Bedf., ibrd. 

Richard Botevileyn, co. NolU, ibid. 

16&1. Bapt.-Mar¥, d. William Bnt 
l;n : St laa. ClerkeVnrell, i. 116. 

r7D7. Bap. — JoKph, Mn of Johi 
Bnilin : St. Michwl, Conihill, p. 161. 

iTBfi. Married - Jame* Bocklin anc 
Rebecca Powe; St Geo. Han. Sq. L 183 

London, 6, I ; MDB. (co. SuSblk}, i, o 

Buttar, Buter.— Nick, 'the 
butur.' 'Buture, the bittern. North ' 
(Httlliwell). ' Botor, a bustard. 

■, pecokea. and bolort 

V. Bustard. 

o. Camb., I 

John le BotBi 

1,181. Riehard'BattwiNew'CoIl.: Res. 
olv. Orf. iii. 1(7. ^^ 

1786, MaiTJcd — William Torria and 
rwneci Butler : St. Geo, Han. Sq. L 1S9. 
London, 5, D ; New York, o, 1, 
Buttaroarv«r. — Occup. < a 
butler-printer," one who prints de- 
vices on butter. ' Avice la Butter- 
keniere' (h for v) (Close Roll, 
I Edw. 11), to cari'e, to notch, to 
grave(Skeat'a Etym. Diet. ' Carve '), 
Butterfleld— Local, 'of But- 
terfield,' some small spot, seemingly 
in W. Rid. Yorks. The surname 
has crossed the border into co. 
Lane, where it is to-day familiar. 
Willelmun dg Botterfcld, 1379; p. T. 
: ibid. n. JR5. 

Yorka. p. 1B4. 
Uabella Botterfeld, i 

■" -Dhn Buiterfeil 

arriaEC Aiicf. (Wotmiu 

1795. Married— Joseph 
Ji«Kirk ; Ht. r.m. A. 

MancheiLer, 3; 

Butterjck.— Local, 'of Butter- 

ick,' an abbreviation. Places in 

cos. Durtiam, York, and Lincoln; 

cf, Fennick (L e. Fenwickl. As in 

the pronunciation of Warwick] 


and Norwich, the w is 
Elena de Balterwjk', jgn < P- T. 

Simon (feBnterwyk, 1379; P.T. How. 
denshireji, 1. 

1700. Bapt.— Thonaa. aon of Thomas 
fintlenek : St. Jas. Clerkenwell, i. 388. 

•7JS.MaiTied — Robert Morean and 
Mary^lterwfck : St. Geo. Han.^q. i. 60. 

London, a; New York, 3. 

ButtorUd. — Kick. ■ Butter- 
tub'or'Butter-fcit'; Robert Butre- 
kyde,i373. A. Cv. Kidder). 'Some 
will cutte their cake, and pulte (it) 
into the cream e, and this feast is 
called the creamc-potte, or creame- 
kitte' (Farming Book of Henry 
Best, p. 93, 1641). 

Butterworth.— Local, ' oTBut- 
lerworth,' an ancient division of the 
parish of Rochdale, co. Lane. 'ITiis 

mane has ramified in the mout 

:traordinary manner. We meet 
with il in every village and town 

Lancashire, and it has wandered 

:o all the English colonies. 

tq^ald dcBolerwarlh, temp. Hen. II ; 

'"— ' Lancaahire, i. 505. 

JobDBatlerwDrth,o , ^^. 

BottenuoitElof RoSidid^ 15S7 : 

.1661. Bapt. — Mafgarett, d. Robex 
Bnlterwortli : St. Jaa-Cterkenwell, i.311. 

r766. Uanied _ Joaeph Bollerwonh 

id Jans Mob : S(. Ceo. Han. Sq. i. ■&>. 

London 9 ; Manchester, ji : Rochdale, 
44; Philadelphia, 47, 

Buttery .—Offic . ' at the buttery. ' 
The keeper of the bullery, or store 
for liquor; 'buttery-bar' (Shake- 
speare);v. Skeat. Early corrupted to 
buttery. 'Bottrye, alarium,boltna, 
pinctntaailnm ' : Prompt Parv. 

Richard of Ibe Botcry, CIoh Roll, 

Law Wrie, BackhooK, and Bniboue'': 
'"hitakef. Craven, p. 401. 

Toihe Drawerof the ^Itiy, 11 

1660. Baix.— Mary.d. ohobn Bniterre : 

feCSrkH,wel^ i. ni. 
Robert Paigetler and Caanndra 
Bntlery : Marriage AUeg, CCanierbor*), 


Button.— Local, 'of Button,' 
probably, u (umejted bf Mr. 

,v Google 


Lower, an early vai 
a parish in Co. Glou< 
^oho de Bolton^ co. S 

It of Bitton, 

, Edw.nt I«., p. iia 

For another John of this name, 
V. ibid. p. 70. 

■j|6S.ADibniK Bolton, CO. W!lu: ~ 
Univ. CM. vol. ii. H. li. p. 48. 

■ (78-g. Heni7 BnttDn, caWIIU 

1589. RidunlBaHaa. vo. Staff. 

16^-4. RobntStanliaid Ann Baltot 
- _S._ . ^ (Fjcnlty Office), p. 16S. 

London, J 

; FliiUdelphia, 

Occup. ' the but- 

Reiluld le BoUDcr, London. tiTj 

Hrnrr le Botoner, Londoa, ibid. 

Rkliatd le Bulyacr. H. 

Lawrence le BoUuier. N. 

Buxton. BaakaUm.—Lo 
'at Buxton,' parishes in diocs. of 
Southwell and Korwich. All the 
earli^ instance* point to the latter 
as tiie home of Che surname. All 
comntercial activity lay in that 
direction. CC Dixon and Dickson. 

Warner Barkitaa, co. Haou, 1973. A. 

Aiidrcaa Bocnon, m. Hnnti, ibid. 

■669. Bdward Week* and Adry Bnek- 
Hon ; Harriiec Allcg. (Canterisnr), p.ia. 

■ 745. Bapl.— Ann,d.ofWU>ooBailani 
SlJu. Clerkcwell. iL 17S. 

1747' — Mu7 Arabcif^ d. oTWibon 
BackKoa : ibid. 384. 

Londoa, 10, i ; Bonn (U.S.), 91, a 

Bnnard.— Nick, 'the bmiard.' 
H.E. butani; Fr. busard. 

Eutaes Bonrd, cs. Camb., i»i. A. 

Peter Baunl. co. SaS, ibid. 

ShB BBBfd, CO. Line, ibid 
iUiam BaKvtl, co. Norf.^ ibid. 
Andiw le Boscarl (Boieardi), 00, 

167L ThcHBu DcarlnE and Bill. 
Board : Mairiatn AUeg. (CanlerboryX 

London, 4 ; Pbiladelplil*, 4. 

ByM, Byaaa.— Local, ' of the 
by- house ' (!), i.e. the town-house j 
cf. by as suffii in Newby, Formby, 
Grimsby, &c , or as affix in Byfield, 
Bygrave, ByQeet, &c. It is possible 
the by-hous« was used for the 
court that passed the local by-lsws. 
The corruptioD ia, if such ba the 
case, imitative, as is customary 
with snmamea; cf, Loftus, Bacchus 
LBakebouie), Ac. 

Adam de Byu. co. Line- J3T1. A. 
John de Bnhu, co. Be^., ibid. 
Smon dc Bayhiu, co. B«if., ibid. 

foce de Biyoue, co. Soma., i Edw. 
: Kirbr-s QBOt, p. •)<, 
- Oo the nHHioa of Ur. Crewe, Kconded 

aUr. Byu, a reaolutioo adoptlnv 
-. E. BrodiTkoan u (be ConKrvuive 
CBndidiUe (on Haaip«Ead wu paned 
with £reat enthasum ^ : Staodard, Feb. 
n. i&B, p. }. 
London, 1, 3 ; Philadelphia, i, 0. 

^YAU, Byatte.— Local. ' by the 
yate' (Le.gate) ; v. Yates; i± HyoU 
for Highgate. 

Radnlphu Bythe-yate, iiTg: P. T. 

1669-70. Richard Watner and Manr 
BjUt: Mairiaie AUcg. (Canterbary), 

169<|. Tbomai Wilaon and Blii. Byau : 

Bye. — Local, 'at the bye,' from 
residence dierein; M,E.A}>,b dwell- 
ing, a village, 

WiUIsm in the By, co.Som*., 1 Edw. 
Ill: Kirbr'e QbeU. p. 97. 

1508. Mairied— Robert Bre and Snoui 
Manin ; 5l Anlholin (Londoa), p. ig. 

15SS. Robert Bye, London: Reg. 
Lniv. Oxf. vol. il. m. ii, p. 164. 

1509. Williaip Haoleyand BlaBye: 
Marr^ Lie (LondonX i. 161. 

1631. RiceBwy, CO. Wilta: Reg. Univ. 
Oif. voL iL pt. ii.p. Ml. 
London, 10; Fbiladelphia, 11. 

Byars.— Local j v. Beer. 

ByflricL— Local, 'of Byfield.' a 
parish in co. Northampton, seven 
miles from Daveotry. 

John da Bjleld, 00. Noflhimpt, 

WilHam de ByMd, co. Bncks, 10 
Edw. I. R. ' ^ ^ 

Ualilda de Byctd, co. Bndu, ibid. 

1597. Nichola* Byfeild, co. Warw. t 
R«. Univ. Oif. vol. il. pi. IL p. no. 

^16. Ricbaid ByGcld, cb. Wore.: 

i74l'.'fiarrted-Robert Brteld and 
EIU. Hole : Sl Geo. Han. So. L >6. 
London. 6 ; Boeton (U.S.), J- 

Bytord.— Local, ■ of Byford,' a 
pariah seven miles fhnn Hereford, 
CO. Hereford. 

1600. Boried — Roger Byforde : St. 
Jaa. aerkenwell, iv. «. 

1601. — Albon, a. Rojrer Byford ; itnd. 

^' ifia Married _ John ByfoH and 

UartKa Baldwin : St. Geo. Han.&tTii. ». 

L^indon, 10 1 FUladelphia, 1 ; Bontm 

Byron, Byrom, Byrne. — (i) 

Local, 'of Byra»,' B township In 
the parish of Brotherton, go. York, 
formerly Byrom (' Byrom,' 1379. 
P. T. Yorks. p. IJS). 

Roger de Biinn, co. York, 1173. A. 

Ralph de Blren, co. Line, tbii. 

Hngli de Byron, co, Notta, Ibid. 

Johannes de Byrom, 1379 : P. T. Yorki. 
P- MS. 

The followitig three entries con- 
cern individuals in the immediate 
neighbourhood of Byrom : 

J Byrom (Bynm), 1379 : P. T. 

Yorka, p. !,«: 
ibid. p. IJ4. 

R^er de Blme (Monk Frynoo), 1370 : 
ihid. p. 1J4. 
Thomaa de Byrne (Selby), 1379; ibid. 

(9) Local, 'of Byrom,' an estate 
(possibly once a manor) in the 
parish of Winwick, co. Lane All 
the Lancashire Byroms hail from 
this spot. There is dear evidence 
that the four following entries con- 
John de Bvnm, John de Byran, John 
de Bymn, John Bym, co. Lane., 20 Edw. 

John Byrom, the Manchester 
Jacobite and fsoions efHgram- 
matist, was a descendant. 

' HeniT Brronie, of Byronie, died 
>e«d of tl» mnjora of Pure and 
Byrooe.' 1614: Bainea' Lancaihire, 

John BynxB. of Byrom, in tbe paririi of 
Winwick. 1593- wilta alCb»ler(lS4S- 

Georie^TTOm-ofSallord, IJ*: ibid. 

1604. GeoTfe Byrom, or Byrajne, co. 

Lane. : R^. IJnlv. Ori. voL iL pt ii. 

London. 3, ol 23 ; Liverpool, a, 4, di ; 
PhiUdelphIa, 8, a, 98. 

Byah, Byaabe, BIbb.— Local. 
' at the bush.' A form of M.E. 
iuidi, a bush, ■ thicket, from 
residence thereby ;cf. Wood, Shaw, 
or Hurst. 

William de la Bolae, CO. BedT., 10 
Edw. I, R. 

Walter de Baiiae, CO. BedT., ibid. 

Walter Bnae, co. Wilts, Uagd. Hall : 
R«. Univ. Oif. vol ii. pi. iL p. 399. 

William By*c co. Soma., 1 Edw. Ill : 

Edward BiaM, or ByHe, co. Soma., 
1608 : Ab«iBct o( Somenetahirc Willa, 


i6>;i. BipL— Robrrt, Km of Bartbol- 
iDcw Biat: St. Ju. CIrrkniwell, i. 184. 

London, J, o, 1 : MDB. (CO. SbmcnwX 
0,0.5; PtiiUddpiu, o, o, 1. 

Byaon,— Bapt.' the son of Bye," 
probably an early «nd soon for- 
gotten nick, of the then favourite 
Baitwim (?). 

H«iy CI. Bye. 

TbomiiGI. B7< 

BytbwM, Bythwa.— Local, 

o. Cami"^ 


'by the sea,' from residence on 
the sea-shore ; ct Sandys. 
John of the See, 6 Ric. II : Pardoa'a 

Thooia* Bythcaea, co. Soa*., iSig ; 
AbHract of Somenctahlre Willi, p. 60. 
UDR {SDmeraM), t, o ; WiHa, 1, I- 

Bywatar, Bywatora.— Local. 
' by tbe water.' A comiuon entry 
in Latin and English forms. 

H>riMjaztaAqiiain,cs.Cainbqii73. A. 


John ad Aqaam, co, Camb^ [bid. 
ohn BiiliewiitH-, CO. Sona, 1 Kdw.llli 
fvirbv^m QohL p. 109. 

JohaBDca Be t3tc W«tcr, 1370 ; p. T. 
Yorl«,p,ieo. *'^ 

ioliaqiui Bythewaler ■"■■■" - ■" 

Lsadon. 1, 1 ; CrocUbrd, 1, o ; Wot 
Ridint Coon Dlr., 6, o ; Phlladdpfaia, i. 

Cabbell, CalMll, Cable, 
Cabblfl.— Bapt 'thcBonofCabel,' 
one of the many variuits of Cu- 
boid ; V. Kibble and Cobbold. 

Adam Cabel, eo. Norf. Ken. III- 
Edw. L K. 

RiiJuml Cabcl. CO. Oif., iHi. A. 

Benedict Cabbcl, CO. Soma., 1 Edv. Illi 
KirtiT'i Qnot, p. 107. 

Hunt; Cubbefl, CO. Soma., i Bdw. Ill ; 

Thomai CabcR, rutor of Intead, co. 
Kort.. >5o6: FF. d. 4S. 

■Mt' 'Th«naa Cable asd Banna Wodde- 
coklc: Uairiwi: Lie (LondoD), i. 15. 

1640. Bapt.— Ann, d. Monia Cable: 

1TS8. Harrlcd-Samn^enlaadReila 
Cable : St. Ceo. Han. Sq^ il. 16. 

London, 1, 1, s, o ; New York, o, o, 14.4. 

Cadbury. — Local, ' of Cad- 
bury,' two parishes in co. Somerset. 

iSog. Uairied-Maik Cadbnry and 

, ) ; niladelphia, 5. 

Cadby.— Local, 'of Cadeby,' ■ 
towtubip in the parish of Sprot- 
borongh, W. Rid. Vorks. Also 
parishes in the dioca. of Lincoln 
■nd Peterborough ; v. Cadeson. 

RIcardiu dc Cadbr, timttor, iim: 

P.T.York' r. i>n 



Jane'^ringeii : 

CadaBOii,Oaddy,Oadd, Cade, 

Cady.— Bapt. 'the son of Cade,' 
aa early personal name embedded 
in the l»cal names Ca<Uiuiy and 

Cadeby (three parishes i n Crockford, 
in diocs.of York, Peterborough, and 
Lincoln). With the augmentative 
moK, CademanorCadnuuiwasbirly 
popular as a font-name so late as 
the 13th century ; v. Cadaian. 
Caddy was the pet form of Cade. 

Mareenr Cade, co. Camb- iiTi. 

WilliaB Cade, CO. Line., Aiid. 

Adam Cadcwoi C R., 17 Ed*. Itl, 

*" lialiLdaCidt 13;9: P.T, York».p.»73, 
Robertu Caoiaon, 1370 : ibid. 
ioh«,n» Cady, 13™ : iwi p. '.%■ 
William Cade, co. Sou, I Bdw. lU: 

Kirby'i QaeaC, p. lit. 
Richai^ Cade, co. Soma., 1 Edw. lit: 

iMj. Banu-Kalherine, d. Wlliam 
Ouie : St. Mary Aldermary. p. (7. 

lAm. John Cadye and JoaneTDcker: 
Hanian Lie (Loadan), L 17a. 

LondofL D,c^ J, I, o : Ulventon (Caddy), 
1 ; Boctsn (IJ.S.) (Cady), 14> Phikadel- 
pb!a,ot I, 0,9,}. 

Cadger.— Occup. ' the cadger,' 
a carrier, packman. 

tdu. Bailed— Jane Cadgsr, aemnt 
of Henrr Coici St. Harjr Aldermary 
(Loadan), p, 171. 

Cadman.— BapL 'the son of 
CBdmon.' Cadnun is a North- 
English name. The temptation 
to make it occupative ia great. 
A ' cade of heiynge ' is as old as 
tbe Prompt. Parr., and the cade- 
man would seem naturally to be 
one who packed herring in cades, 
or barrels, or perhaps tbe cooper 
who made them. But tbe name 
it always found without prefix. 

I think It certain that Cadman 
must go with Bateman and Coleman 
into the list of personal names. It 
explains Cade and Caddy as nicks, 
and Cadeson as a patronymic. 

Walter Kademan, 1276. A. 

Robert Cukmin. J. 

Tbomaa Cademain, r37g : P. T. Yo(kk 

Rqbertna Cadman, 1379 : Ibid. 
Rieardui Caddcano, 137(1 ' 'bld- 

a Cadman 1 St Coo. ciai|i. 

Hayfalr, p. ii_ 

■759- ~ TbonM Cadman and i 
Pain: St Ceo. Han. Sq. L ■«. 

London, 6; Wot Bid. Cooit Dir., 
SbeffleM, 14. 

Cadosao.— BapL 'tbe son 
Cadogan,' a Welsh name, 

Cadofann ap Hemy, 13 Bdw. I : Bl 

p-g^: c. 

■ Gl. Kadngan, a 

Manied--Iahn <^ogaa 

a Wale : St. Geo. Hl 
- ■(U.S. 

q.l. 1 

Cadwallader, CadwaUlder, 
Cadwalader,— Bapt. 'the son of 
Cadwaladyr' (Welsh); v. Yonge, 
ii. 94. 

David ap Cadwallader, 1311. M. 

Kedwalhder Ragery t.198 : Reg. St 
Mary Aldermaiy iLondon), p. 66. 

iffii. Thoouia Ann aniT Elinor Cad- 
willder: Si, Jaa.Clerkenwdl, lii. »oa 

I7ti. Uarried-Uaaiel Cadwallader 
anl Mary Rsbey : St Geo. Han, Sq, 1. 


CadweU.-Loc«l, 'ofCadwell,' 
atUbing in the parish of Boldwyn- 
Brigbtwcll, CO. Oxford. 

Ccrmui de Cadcwellc, ca. Orf., utj. A. 
Robert dc Cadewtllr, ™. O.f, ibii 
RoeerdFC«clwr11,co.O«f..aoEd».I. R. 
T^. MiinSed-WilliiimFB^uKl: 


Uarriice Alleg. iCanteiinrjr}, 
""LSidon, o; New York, 8. 

CcMBor.— Nick, 'the kaiser.' the 
emperor. Kaiier and Cayzer (q.v.) 
represent the early English form of 
the name; Caesar, generallj apeak- 
ibg, being an immigrant. 'Julius 
Cesar, phisitian' to Queen Elixa- 
beth,w>aaVcDetianbybirth. His 
son, Sir Julius Cesar, was Master of 
the Robes to James I and Charles 1, 
and lived at Hackney, and the family 
ramified somewhat strongly. 

' Inliu CcKT DetaiMT^ vel Seynr 
Detunan^ doder and phiriliari la Q. 
Elii' ; Vi^u Heru, ifji-ttm. P- W 

Al Ailitiin-aiida'-IJiK, Bfttr ■ linftr- 
hy lllnoi, mi 17 monlhi, Jnliaa Cuenr 
TfeoDiwDn. Thifl wfe> Ihe ehild bron^t 
inio the world by the Caeiarean opeia. 

Gent. Mas. ttton, tdL In. pL 9, p. iigi. 

1581-1. Mairicd-jDliu Cwur and 

Dorcu Luber t UarnaEcLic iLoikdaD\ 

17^ Boried-Ann^ d. John Jann 
Caeaui St Antholln(Li»dDii). p. nS. 

175>l. MarriEd— Robert Clieuer and 
Hwtiet Caeaar : St. Geo. Han. Sq, L 7& 

Laadoa,3{ Pbiladelphla, i. 

C«g«.— Local, 'at the cage,' 
from residence therein — probably 
some building so abed, possibly 
for prisoners. But Halliwel] has 
'Gag: a Slump. West' In this case 
Cage - Slubbs. 

lobn aCU CaEC, «l Som^ ■ Edw. Ill : 
Kirbr'.Qa™, p.i*it 

1633. Bipl,— Bin., d. Thcmaj Can: 
St. Anlboiia {Londoni, p. 67. 

1698, Married— Robert Care and EUt. 
KUboame: St. Dkmit Backchardi, p. 47. 

C»1d, Oal]ie.~(i) BapL 'the 
son of Kane 'or 'Cain,' a Uanx sur- 
name; cf. Irish O'Kane. In Manx 
record* It is found as HcKane 
(1408); HacCann (1430); Hac 
Cane (1511)1 Cain (isS6J; Cane 


(1601) ; Caine (1609) ; Cayne 
(1610^ : V. Manx Note Book, ii, 
94. Ur. Caine, formerly M.P. for 
Barrow. in-Fumess, and Mr. Hall 
Caine, the novelist, are both of 
Manx descent. 

(a) Local ; v. Cane. This sur- 
name still lives in co. YtH'k, and 

Johannea C 


iVDC, Kirkbj (h-eiblow, 
ync, KnarciboroaEh, 1379 1 

.Lchard Cayne and Anne 
. _. Lie. (Londonl.ii. 14.1. 

.fisTManied-jDhn'r .- 

WiliHre: St "'-■---■ 


Oaineo, Colna, EeynsB.— 
Local, ' of Cahagnes,' in the de. 
paiUnent of Calvados, a village 
lying south-west of Caen, Eariy 
branches of the family gave title to 
Hilton Keynes, co. Bucks ; Keynes 
Court, CO. Wills ; Combe Kcynea, 
CO. Dorset; and Winkley Keynes, 
CO. Devon (v. Lowerl. 

Kin de Kaynnea. co. Baclc^ 1373. A. 
cai de KayniHS, co. Bnclu, ibid. 

Robert de Kaynea, co. Willi, ibid. 

GeolCrey de KaynRL co. Wilta, ibid. 

1756. Harried -W imam HoBbrd and 
Elii. Calneii St. Geo. Han. Sq. L >oa 

177a — Robert Lamb ud Uaty 

London. 3, i. o: Philadeblila, 1, 0^ o: 

Calrd, Card.— Occup. ' the 
caird,' a gipsy, a travelling dnker. 



.... Forbra, 

but nicknuDed Kaiid. becaaae wben he 
waa B boy be arrved a Kaird.^ 

Spaldinr, i. 141 (JiuBiraDn\ 

iSoi. Married- Henry Woodier and 
Elii. Card : St Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 36S. 

LondoD, 3, 4 ; Phllade^hia, I, a, 

OoltUr, C&tUr.— Nick. ; H.E. 
coin/, a captive, a wretch; O.F. 
coiA/: Lat. eaplivus. Probably 
the Catiff of the Sheffield Directoiy 
is a corruption of Catctiffe, a town- 
ship Id the neighbouring parish of 

ThoBaa Quytyff, 14J7: Reg. Uni' 


CakebrMd.— t Nick. I cannot 
suggest any origin but a sobriquet 
for one who made cake-bread ; cf. 
Blanch pain or White bread. 

1613. Married — ThomBHCakebieadand 
bbell Bamea: St. Peter. Cotnhlll. L t^. 

1631. Birred— ThoiMB. a, Ricbard 
Cakebiead: St. Jia. ClerkenwelL I*. MM. 

Loudon, I ; New York, i. 

Caloott, Oalcut, Caloutt, 
CaldeooU, Cauloutt, Oalde> 
ooort, Cdderoourt, Caldi- 
oott, CawctaH, CallooU, Call- 
outt, Oaldloot, Oaldiootutt" 
Local, ' of Caldecote.' Whatever 
this local term may mean, it is 
variously scattered. Of paritbea 
alone there is a Caldecote in the 
diocs. of Ely, Pelerl>on>ugh, and 
Worcester; and a Coldecott in 
the dioca. of Peterborongh and St, 
Albans. Mr. Lower says there is 
a Caude-Cdte in Normandy. He 
adds, ' It is a singular bet, says the 
Rev. John Taddy, that " wherever 
we have traces of a Roman road, 
we find hamlets in the near neigh- 
bourhood'of it of the nameof Calde- 
cotL I could quote abundance of 
such " (Papers of the Architect: 
Soc of Northampton, York, Lin- 
coln, and Bedford, ii. 499).' 

Henry de Candccote, ca SafT., 1173. A. 

WIlilaiB de CandecDle, co. Bucka, ibid. 

Alexander de CaJdicue. ca Camb , ibid. 

Albin da CaldeeoU, eo. Hnnta, lUd. 

Ednmod de Caldicole, ce ■"--■- "-■-■ 

1738. Married- Thomaa Farihy and 
Soaanna Caldecoui Sl Geo. Man. Sq. 

17S3, — Williaia Callcott and Asa 
Wheeler : ibid. p. 347. 

London, 6, t, 3, 0, 1, I, 1, 1, 0^ t, 4, o. 
o; HDB.(co.Cainb.)Ca<nWt,i; tViia- 
delphia, 0,0,1, D,CKO,o,0tt^a,o,i, 1. 

Calder.— Local. ' at [he Calder,' 
from residence beside the Calder, 
one of the many rivers of that 

Adam de Calder, 1179: RRR.p. 34. 

1711. Bnrled- Robert, a. John Calder: 
St. Ilionii Backchnrch, p. aa. 

1798. Married - Henry C«J<W and 
Hannah Henderaon : St. Geo. HaD. Sq. 




CftlderlMnk.— Local, 'of the 
Clldcr bank,' from residence on the 
bank of one of the rivers Colder ; 
cf. Gillbuiks, Windibank, Sec. 

UancbeAter, i { UlvErrian, i, 

CaMercouTt— Local ; v. Cal- 

Onldarwood.— Local, 'of Cal- 
derwood,' i.e. the wood by the 
Calder, q.v. 

itSo. Uarried— WiTliam Cildemood 
and Aas Scrwenby: St. Geo. Has. Sq, 

London, 3 ; Borion (U.S.), 4. 

Coldioot, C&ldloott, CiOdl- 
oourtt.— Local ; variants of Cat- 

CitldwelL— Local, 'of Cald- 
well,' parishes in thediocs.ofRipoa 
and Peterborough. Probably ' the 
cold-well ' - cold, or cald. A.5. 
ctaU; V. Coldwell and Caudle. 
This Buniame has rami fled in the 
most extraordinary manner in the 
United States. One or two early 
settlers must have bred a healthy 
family of boys, who thrived and 

Rkanhu de Coldewell, 1379: P. T. 

■ '■ 'OJ. 

^ a de CoTdwelL iiTO: it 

1^1. JohD Caldwd^l ani) 
Hiiae: MarriaR Lie (Londor' 

1796. ManSd-John Call.-... 

Mart;ant Uatlicini Si. Gro. Han. 6q. 

Uanchalcr, t\ London. 6 : Wat Rid. 
Coart Dir., 5 ; Philadelphia, 157. 

Call— Nick. *the calf': cC 
BuU, Bullock, &c. 

RHiniUd Caor, OK York, 1373. A. 

Jolin le CauT. co. Unc^ ibid. 

Nlchola* Callr, co. Gloac ibid. 

Nichalo) CiJfl. lecaUi dtaplsin, B.CL. 
1458 : Rfj. L'niv. Olf. vol. 1. n. ja. 

t6os. Bapt.— Bmjomin, •. Joytt Calf, 
marchBDl, •tranrer; ihriitmBl in the 
Dntch CbunJi ; SL Dionla BackdiaTdi, 

ijtf. Bapt— Mary, d.John Calfe! St. 
London, 1 ; New York. i. 

Callaway, Callway, Callo- 
way.— Local. Not ai suggested 
by Lower, ■ corruptian of Gallo- 
way (though, considering the fact 
that C and G are so constantly 
inlcrcb«t>Ke«ble, the idea was sensi- 

ble enotlgh), but a surname derived 
from some small locality in co. 
Devon or Cornwall, whidi I can- 
not identify. The middle syllable 
is probably intrusive. C£ Otta- 
way and Grcenaway for Otway 
and Greenway. The suffix is, no 
doubt, BDy, a road, a path. 

Walter Calewey, CO. Backt, 117L A. 

Williun CaJlEwey, DO. Devon, Hen. 
in-Edw. I. K. 

Cueadra Cayllever, 
Edw.L K. 

1.S14. Wdliai 

>. Wllt^ : 

Calowaj' and Alice 

ia|FC Lie (LoiHioa). L 4. 

_, ^—Robert, aon of John 

Reg. St. Colnmb Haior, p. 3. 

I — J of Thomai talwaye f 

'Tfi^.';! Phillip, wa of Richard Callo. 

■3oi. — Heoiy Callaway and Maty 
Selden ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. it. 175. 

London, 1,0,0; Exeter, i, 1,0: Baft- 
ion (U.S.), I, o, I ; Fliilvlelpbia, 4, o, j. 

CaUbeck.^Local,< of Caldbeek.' 
An American variant ; v. Colbeck. 

BoMOD (U.S,i, J ; New York, 1. 

Calloott, Calleut.— Local, ' of 
Caldecote ' ; v. Calcott. 

Callander, CaUandw.— (i) 
Occup. 'the calender,' one who 
calenders cloth, a colcnderer. 
Cowper's 'John Gilpin' has im- 
mortalized theword. 'To calender 
(F. calmdriir), to press, smooth, 
and set a gloss upon linnen, flCc. ; 
also the engine itself' (BaUey's 
Dict.,a-vol. edit. 1737). Orig.from 
cylinder, a roller. 

Robert le Kalcndar, C R., 6 Edw. L 

It is possible this entry may con- 
cern some money-changer, one 
whokeptaccountsby the calendar. 

'The Coldimilhi, Dien, Calandeten, 
and Ssdlen' (order of Procenioo of Craft* 
on Coipo. Chri«i Day (I511) fr " 
mon HilJ, Norwicl,)! TFFTir. 14 

(a)Local,'ofCallcndcr.' Several 
looUities in Scotland are so called 
in COB. Perth and Stirling. 

174S. Married— John Callander 

1794- - 

: Si. Ceo. Chap. BiUyfair 
ud Ju> 


Collie; CalUu.— Local, 'from 
Calais ' ; v, Challis and Challicc 

JohndeCaleyi, Jeney, n Ed*. I. R. 
Robert de CaUyn, eo. Kent, Hen. 111- 
Edw. 1. K. 
Henricoi de Calays, IJ79 1 P. T. Yorlu. 

Robertas Calao, 1379 : ibid. p. 131. 

is6a Bnried— a poor aiatved Callia 
man : Rev- AUhiUlowa. Barking;, p. 6g. 

1603. Tbumai Waiker and Indith 
Callice : Matria je Lie. (London!, 1. 178. 

iTqB. Married— Thomu Caliii and 
P»^ Bmlliat : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii, 1M1 . 

Lflndon, 3, o ; Sheffield, a, i : Phila. 
delphia,i,o;N'e*York,a, I. 

Callow.— Nick, 'the callow' 
(M.E. (io/mm), said of unfledged 
birds, and applied as a sobriquet ; 
cf Suckling. Probably it was a 
nickname for a bald-headed man; 
cC Ballard. 

lohn le Cakwe, CO. Soma., I Bdw. Ill: 
Kirbj'a QneK, p. ih. 

Gilbert Calwe, co. Soma., ■ Edw. Ill: 

' Waller CaJwe, oo. Somt, 1 Edw. Ill : 

1660. Edward Banuby and Soun 
CaLkiwi Marxian Alleg. (CanlertnryX 

1736. Buried — Sarah Callow: St. 
Peter, Comhill, iL 143. 

London, ti; HOE 
Bowon (U.S,), I. 

Caiman.— Bapt ' the 
Calcman,' i.e. Carloman (v. Yonge, 

I. (CO. Son..X » 


Calthiprp, Calthrop, Col- 
thup. — Local, 'of Calthorpe^' (i> 
A parish in co. Norfolk, four miles 
fromAylsham; (a) 'ofCatliorpc'or 
' Calthorpe,' a parish in co. Leices- 
ter, four miles and a half from 

Radolf de Kallhorp, co. Norf., 30 
Edw. I. R. 

Bortholonew de Caltborp, co. Norf., 
IJ7J. A. 

Gilbert de Callhorp, co. Liac, ibid. 

RanalfdeCalthorp.oo. Unc, ibid. 

Mathew de Callorp. co. Norf.. ibid. 

William de Cahboip, 14 Edw. Ill: 
FF. I. 168. 

Waller de Ciltharpe, 10 Edw. Ill : ibid. 

Johanns de Colthoqi-, 1379! P- T. 

Hal)ldadeColtbarp',ii7a: Ibid. p. 39a. 

1378. aunenc Caltfioipe and Jane 
" '■ — ^^— Lie. .Londnnl. r.Bo. 

Oalvarley. — Local, ' of Calver- 
ey,' a parish Sve miles from Brtd^ 



ford, W. Rid. Yorks. Foravutant, 
V. Caverley. 

Chriitnna de Kalnrle, eo. Nonbnnib., 
H«i. IIl.Edw. I. K- 

Gilbert dc Calnrlejr, co. IfonhBmk, 

Apta de CtlvtnUf, 1379: P. T. 

Johanna de CilrerleT, 1379 ; Ibid. p. 47. 

icgg. Mirried — RicIiu^eCalxrleye 

uidDDrithicOIcs: St.Ui<:hul,Conihill, 


- Jrwph CiIvETkr and Hannah 
: St. Geo. Han. Sig. i.jja 
otd, 1 ; London, 3 ; W?Bt Rid. 

Comnion : L.. . 

Crockfotd,J; ,,, 

Coon Die, 4 ; Philadelphia, 1; 

Calvert. — Occup. ' the calf- 
herd,'akeeperof calves. Afamiliar 
Yorkshire surname; cC Oinard, 
Coward, Stoddart, Shepherd i v. 

Henrr Catvehird, c in). H. 

SJinieCalvehird. (C 
'arinkCalvehird,CD.York. W. 4. 
Johaniia CBlflird. 1,179: P.T.Yorka 

Johannea CalYfhyid, 1.179: ibid.p. J69. 
UagDti CBlnhird, 1179: ibid p. 9. 
ThDRiBi Cainn, olCackerhani, i,ii67 : 

1604. hfuried— GeDrire CafvRI and 
AnncHTane: St. Peler, CornhilL p. 344. 

1719. - Jotrph Hall and Anne Calvert: 
St Michael. Cornhill, p. iSi. 

LondDii, J ; Wes Riding Conn DIr., 
IK; Philadelphia, 11. 

Cam, Cuum. — Local, (t) <of 
the Cam,' one of the rivcTS or 
streams of that name, from resi- 
dence on its banlu. (a) ' Of the 
camb,' from residence on the camb 
or crest of a hill, or dike. The 
Yorkshire Cams represent (9). 

Wnklmu Canbr, aDH/oM^irAit, 
IJ79 : P. T. Yorka p. 176. 

Johannei Canbc, 1.170 ; Ibid. p. 174. 

I» liTO:ihld 

Hrnrydel Cam,co. Saff. 117c A. 

Robert de Cam, co. Oif., ibid: 

Oibeit de Cam, co. Noif,, 14 Hen. I 
FF. ii. 5a,i. 

fobn de Can^ nctot oT KIrUir-CaiKi, 
CO. Kotf., iu6 : ibid. viii. 34. 

Thonaj Canibe. of CapniirTari 1A7B ' 
Lancaihire Wilb at Richmond, 1' 55. 

Jonathan Cam, oT Capenwny. 1716: 

' 1733! ^krried-Dymoch Uomce ami 
Mary Cam : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. i, ti. 

1771. - Edward Gr«n and EII1 
Camb: Ibid. p. 104. 

London, o, o; Sheffield, %. j; V/ett 
Rid. Conn Dir., 1,5; Philadrfpliia, 0,4. 

Oamberblrcli i v. Comber- 


Cambmy.— Local, 'of Cam- 
bray,' a city in the Netherlands. 
An early immigTant. 
Malhew de Cambreye, co. Line, 

Erldiu de Cambrey. London, ibid. 

i^ Married— William Camruy and 

Ann InElefeild : SL Jaa. Oerkenwell, iiL 

171^. — John Holmei and Anne Cam- 
rar : S[. Geo. Han. So, ii. iSo. 

1806. — Fhillipp Cambiyeand Caroline 
'oHick: ibid. j. MS- 

London, 1 ; Onord, 4. 

Oambridga. — Local, ' of Cam- 
bridge,' the well-known University 
and capital town of the county of 

le Cambrege, 1379: P. T. 

(London^ p, i,.^ 
1760. — John Cambridire and Fkin 
larlow : St. Gro. Han. Sq! I. 93. 
London, 3 ; Philadelphia, f. 

Camldse, Cammoge, Oam. 
mage. — (1) Local, 'of Gamascs.' 
It is possible, of course, that Cam- 
idge may be a corruption of Cam- 

Godtridni de Gamagei, 38 Htn. Ill : 
SBB. p. ^7. 
Enlemia da Gainagea, jS Hen. til : 

(a) ! 

Henry le CTamnuKe, un. A. 
1607. Bnried — A niiH»m eon of 
Thonai Carnage 1 St. Jaa Clerkenwell, 

1760. Harried— John Gamage and 

Huy Cooper : St. Geo. Han, Sq. i. too. 

1771. _ Thomu Gunmage and Rh^ 
Borgii : ibid. p. jaj. 

London, a, I, I. 

Cammel, OamaL — (i) Bapt. 

' [be son of Gamcl ' ; no connexion 
with the animal. G constantly be- 
~ * English 

cf. Crane for Grane, Candlin (or 
Gandelin, Sec. The first two in- 
stances occur in close juxtaposition 
in the same village list ; 

Johannc. Camyll, 1379: P-T. Yoikt 
'"'Cidlia Gamyll, 1379 : iWd. 

Again wc find placed together : 
AgncaGan«l.i379; P- T. York*. p. 76. 
ESiabet Gamel, 1379: ibid- 
WUklmni Camel, 13791 Ibid. 


(fl) Local, ' of Camel,' or ' Camel 
Queen,' a pariah in co. Somerset. 

ErnKJoi Camel, co. Heref., Hen. HI- 
Ed«. I, K. 

Henry de Camel, co. Wilts, ibid. 

r64i. Baried— John Cammell : St. la*. 
Clerrenwell, ir. .54. 

r75i. MajTied~ George Camwell and 
Blii.Kar{>on: St. Geo. Chap. Uayfaii, 

London, a, o; Philadelphia, o, r. 

Camp. — (i) Local, 'at the camp,' 
i-e. field. 

Felicia in Campo, m. Camb., iijt. A. 

WiUam de Ca£po, co. Oaf., ibjd: 

JohanBM do Kenpe. 1379 : P. T. How- 
dnuhire, p. u. 

1584. WilliaiD Campe and Mary 
Fanner : Marrtage Lie. (London), L 130. 

1699. Married— Tboina* Na«h and 
Anne Camp : St. Dioaia Backchard, p. 48. 

1736- Bapt.— Uary, d, John and Bliia- 
ctbCanp: St ja*. ClerkniirelL <L »ll 
Loadon, ij; PhlladalpUa, 4c 

Campion. — Occup. ' le Cam- 
pion,' a fighter, a contester ; O.F. 
(hampion, aimpion. ' Campyon, 
or champyon ; athUla ' (Prompt. 
Parv.) ; v. Cham|uon. 

Beatrix le Campinn, co.Camb., 117*. A. 

Outanee Cnmpyun, co. Camb., iMd. 

Shn Caranonin, co. Hnnci. Ibid. 
alter le Campion, co. Bockf, Ibid. 
Simon Campinn, 1379: P. T. Yoika 

M£~i^l,Camhil!,p. 180. 

ivSg. Henry Campion and Elii. 
Uwrence: Marriage Lie. (London), i. 41. 

London, ii; MDB. (co. Camb.}, l; 
Philadelphia, iS. 

Camplln, Campling.— ! 

The suffix is manifestly the dim. 
-tb'n (cf. Hewling). Thus it may 
be of the baptismal or nickname 
class. If the latter, it may be a 
dim. of Campion, i.e. Cham|uon, 
q.v. In any case William Ciunp- 
elin (infra) must be looked upon 
as the progenitor. 

WillininCarnpelin,«). Norf..it7J. A. 

John Camplyon, rector of Rackheatk 
Pirra. co. tTorf., 1401 : FP. i. 4S1. 

i6ij. Bnried — Margaret Camplyn, 
Repham, co. Norf. : ibia viii. 347, 

1670- — Tilni Camplin, chymirt. Nor- 
(rich : ibid it. isr- 

1790. Marrted-William Haken and 
Eleanor Camplen: St. Gen. Han. 

1701. — John Pariu and Caroliaa 
Cami^B^ Ibid. p. 61. 


1707 Hurled— BdmrdPiBomndHarT 
Cu^pline : St. }tt. Clerkenwat, ii. p. 170. 

Laodon, J, I ; Bcuon (U.S.), i, o. 
Campo. — Local, 'de Campes,' 
apparently aome contiaeatal spol, 
TTie name now seems peculiar to 
the county of Camto^dge. 

SalooKiB dE CuapU, CO. Kent. I trt. A. 

William de Campu. Camb.. ibidl 

Henry de CaintKii, co. SulT., ibid. 

Winiam de Cvnpo, co. LJni:., 30 
Bdw. 1. R. 

Laadon,a;MDB. (co.CambridEcXii; 

OaDdlsman. — Occup. ; v. 
WaiiwD Candelman, C R., 47 Hen. II. 
Adam Cuddemu, temp, ijox U. 

Candlemaker. — Occup. ; v. 

John leCa>dlemakere,IeiDp. IJOO. H. 

GuuUeiaasB. — Bapt (1); ct 
Christmas, Hiddlemas, No well, 
Pask, &c., all from the season of the 
year in which the child was bom. 

UaiUda Candctmea, 1379 : P.T.Yorltt. 

Candlin.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Gandelyn.' The ballad of ' Robyn 
(Robin Mood I and Gandcleyn ' is 
(v. Encyc. Brit., 9th ediL, article 
Robin Hood). 

' Qandckjn ban hb piode bov^ 

Robrn and Candek) 
ol Robin Hide il 38). 

Gandelyn still survives in York- 
shire in the form of Candlin, where 
we find several instances of initial 
G becoming C ; cf. Canunel and 

Robertu CandeUTB, ing : P.T. York!. 

Thonaa Candelayn, 1370 : Ibid. p. 9. 

John Candelayn, 1379: ibid. 

The Bolitacy owner of this his- 
toric name that I can discover 
ought to have hii title set down 
in full. Here it is— 

Jolin Candlin, 
Candy.—Local ; v. Gandy. 

Can*.— (i) Local, ' of Caen,' i 
Nonnandy 1 v. Cain (a). 

HnriideCan. C. 

Ridiard de Cane. H. 

Rottr dc Cane, eg. Unc. )>». A. 


(a) Bapt. 'the ton of Cane.' 
' Cane, Cana, or Canus appears 
in the Domesday of Sussex as a 
baptismal name': Lower, Patr. 
BriL p. 5t. 

Adam CBnE,rD.Oif., 1173. A. 

Alidi Cane, CO. Oif.. Ibid. 

Waller Case, co. Hanta, ibid. 

(3) Bapt. for Cain, q.v. 

1747. Married— Philip Wntkini anri 
JaneCajie: St.Oo.Chap.Hayfair.p.iA 

London. 6 ; Philadelphia, 4. 

Caiin.— Local, ' of Cann,' a 
parish in co. DoiseL The name 
is very familiar in co. Devon. 

Richard de Canne, en. OiT.. 117.V A. 

16^ John Cann and Elii. Pewtner: 
Hamage Alles;, ICanterbnry), p. at. 

17^1. Hamrd 'Richard dinn and 
MuyRcddell; St. Geo. Chap. Uarfair, 

■3; P 

i;oS- — John Cann n 
St Geo. Han. Sa. i. 140. 

Londnn. 9; nymouth, 4 
Deron Dir. (Fnimen* list), 
phia, n. 

Cannon. Canon.— Offic ial , ' th e 
Canon' (v. Shannon); cf. Arch- 
deacon, Bishop, Priest, Deacon, &c. 

JohnleCnnnon.ct>.Oir..ii7v A. 

VVilliam 1c Canon, co. OiF.. ibid. 

t(i7. William Leitheand Alice Cannon; 
Marriage Lie. (Londoni I. 6- 

SToTbapL-JoiK:. d. jf ame. Cannone : 

Han. Sq. U. 165. 

Lnndon, 1. o; W«t Rid. Coait Dir., 
o, I ; Philadelphia, o, 1 ; Mew York, o, i. 

Cantrell, CantrlU, Ctuktle. — 
Nickname. One who rang the 
chanterelle. O.F. c/ianlrrrlU, a 
smalt bell ; from duniltr, to sing ; 
cf ckanlnl, a decoy partridge 
[Howell, quoted by Halliwell). 
Host of my instances hail from 
Yorkshire. I could have adduced 
others. It is there the surname 
is still most largely represented. 
With CantrcU (instead of Chan- 
trell) cf. Candler and Chandler, 
Capel and Chappell, Cancellor and 

Alice Cttinterel, co. York, iijv A. 

William Chaoterel, co, NonhanpL, 

Richard Channterel, en. Will^ ibid. 
Martin Chanierel. CO. York. ibid. 
Rofcr Chantrel, co. Soma., i Edw. til: 
Kirbv ■ Q^eaL p. lOJ, 

■379; p. 1 

, iQnaynlell. 1379: Ihid. 


1^. John Yotke and Jadiih Cantrell, 

>r Kcnie, bajlilf of 

Warriaie Lie. fLandiin 

.... u — ied-Peie. _.., 

Sl Geo. Chap. Uaylair, 

Stephen Cant and Bill. 
"" "— "- i 8j. 

Cantlfl Local, 'the Kentish,' 

i.e. Kentishman ; cf. Comwallis, 
and V. Kentish and Cant. 

1711. Married -Valentine Canlli and 
Mary Canti* : Canteriniry Catb. p. 75. 

CantUy, Cantley.— Local, 'of 
Cantley,' (l) a parish in co. Norfolk, 
fourmilesfrom Acle: (a)apBrisbin 
CO. York, three miles from Don- 

RoKena de Canlelay, 1579 : P. T. 

CantxralL— Local, 'of Keot- 

welL' I cannot find the spol. 

Gilben de Kentewellr, CO. Saff., IITJ. A. 

Thomaa Cantewell. C R., 34 Hen. VI. 

ir+3. M.TTied-jo«pli Shirley and 
Manha Cantwell : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 1,30. 

London. 1 : Odord. i : New York, ix; 
Philadelphia, i>. 

CanTamr.— Occup. 'the can- 
vaser,' a manufacturer of canvas, 
hempen cloth ; H. E. aanvas, a 
trisyllable in Chaucer, C. T. ia866 


Henn le Caneiaeer, temp. luo. U. 
lUchard le CanvaKT, ibij. 

Capel, Caple, CapeU, Ca- 
pelle.— Local, 'at the chapel'; 
Low Latin, cafirUa, a sanctuaiy. 
Many chapels are so styled in 
England and Wales; cf. Capel- 
Cynon, Capel-Dewi, Capel-Colman, 
and Capel-Coetbren. all in dioc. of 
St. David's; Capel St. Andrew and 
Capel St. Hary in dioc of Norwich ; 
cf. Caplin for Chaplin. 

,y Google 

Butcman dc Cawle, (& Satl., iin. i 
AndRw d. Capclk, u. Cimiti^ iHd. 
MarwH de Capelb, ca. Boclu,lbid. 
BliBibctb Capdl, 1696: Reg. S 

Cohimb Miior, p. 145. 

BduTd Chapell. 1&97: ibid. 

Williain C«pl(, 1770: ibid, p, iio, 

1701. B*pt. - Wiriiam CapcUT St. 
WcbuL Comliill, p. 160. 

1795. Harried— Owen Myen uid Mary 
Capel; St. Gta. Han. Sq. iL iiq 

London, 1 1. I, 1, a ; Nev Vork, i, □. o, 
o; Bo«on (U.S.), ., o, I, 7. 

OapgrAve.— Local, 'of Cap- 
grave,' ■ place in co. York. The 
etymology is simple enough, 'the 
shaw or little wood on the top 
of the hill ' ; v. Cope and Grave. 

Richard de Copgnv^ ig Bdw. 1 : 
PmnKD of York. \.\ 

]ohUDCaCaperave,i379: P.T.Yorka. 

ii. 104. 

Capla.— (i) Bapi. ' the son of 
Cabel'; v.CabbeU.afamous West- 
con ntiy nimaBie, which has given 
us Keble, &c The b has been 
sbsTpened in this instance to p, 

(a'l Local, 'at the chapel,' from 
residence thereby ; v. Capel. 

and DorotbT 

Caplewood.— Local, ' of Caple- 
wood,' probably meaning 'the 
chapel-wood,' i. e. the wood be- 
side the chapel ; v. Capel. 

RiordDi Capalwod^ 1379 ! P. T. 
Yorkt p. 45- 

Adam Capilwodb 1379 : ibid. 

1613. Minird— GeorgE C»rter and 
Kuhcrine Coplewood : St. Jai. Clerken- 

1616. fficliard CaplnrDsd and Sarah 
Pu«enxt; MHrrianLic (Londonl ii.xa. 

iai7. Biiied-Widov CaMKllwood; 
St. Dwaii Backclnrch, p. 114. 



Caplln.— Official ; v. Chaplin. 

Capmakar.—Occup. 'the cap- 
mtlter.'amalterofcaps; v.Capper. 
Coke Lorelle's Bote includes, 
'apynateis, carder*, and ca{^>e- 
knytters.' In the York Pageant 
the cap-makers are mentioned 
(York Hyitery Plays, p. xxii, ed. 
Todlaiin Smith}. 

Capmaa.— ( i)Oci:up.' the chap- 
man,* q.v. : c£ Cancellor, Candier, 
or Caplio, for Chancellor, Chandler, 
or Chaplin. 

(3) Occup. 'the capnun'; v. 
Capper and Capmaker. 

iohn Capmaii, c. 1300. M. 
amei Kapmu, lemp. Blii. Z, 
In oiMnory of Mrs. Mary Chapman, 
relict of SuUQf^i Capman (tic). . . 1714,^ 
-Thorp, mar Norwich ; FF. tiL a6a. 

Capon.— Hick. ' the capon,' b 
youngcock'; A.5, cdjftiiK. 'Capvne, 
or capone ; gallituKiia ' : Prompt. 
Parv. Cf. Cock, Henn, Cockerell, 
&c. In East Aiiglia the 
has always held its own. 

Ralph CapoD, en. Norf., lau 

Agnen Capon, co. Norf,, ibuf. 

Ranolpb Capoa, ca Line, ibi* 

iSoo. Married— JoMph Capon and Am 

London. 7; 
New York. 3. 

Capper.— Occup. ' the capper,' 
a maker or dealer in caps. Thomas 
Pendilton, capper, 1563 (Preston 
Guild Rolls, p. 30). Probably made 
of woollen cloth, though felt w&s 
used. An Art of Pari., 4 Hen. Vir. 
c. ii, begins, ' Ko hatter or capper 
shall felt any hat,' Sec. In the 
York Pageant amongst other crwSts 
marched the ' cap-makers ' ; in the 
Chester Pageant the 'Cappers, 
Wyerdrawera, and Pynncrs'; in 
the Norwich I^eant the ' cappers, 
hatters' (FF. ii. 148). 

Symon le Cppeie, CO. Oif., 1173. A. 

John le Capiere, co. Oif , ibid. 

■rhomajleCapiere, co. Oif., ibid. 

i3Br~i. Francii Capper and EJii. Will- 
Km : Mifriane Lie (lindon), I 106. 

1800. Married — More Clelond and 
Lydia Capper : St. Go. Han. Sq. il 315. 

delphia, 9. 

Capron, Cap«ni, Chap- 
peron, Chapron. — Nick. Pro- 
bably a sobriquet for the cowled 
mooka. H.E. tafii, pr cope (a 
hood}; O.F. cafit, augmented into 
caperqn, nwp chaporta. The 

aNoft, IJ7J. A, 

modern sense of chaperon has no 
place in nomenclature. My Rnt 
instance is interesting as describ- 
ing a maker or manufacturer of 

William Caperoner, co. Sonu.. 1 Hdor. 
Ill: Kirby'a QuH(, p. 88. 
Edmund Caper - - "- 
JohnCapentn, _ .. ._ _ 
ateplieii CapeTDn, co, Hnnia, [bid* 
AliR Caprran, co. Bedf., ibid. 
Thomu Chaperonn. I. 
Aim eric Chaperon. O. 
John Chiperoo, co. Noif., 1400: FF. 

IUSO, Hiurh Beele and Anne Capron t 

Marriage Cc (London). L i». 

17S8. Married-Robert Capion and 
MaryTbomai Nbion: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

London, 1,1, i, o ; UDE (ca Saffolli), 
r, o. o, o; Philadelphia (CbapnnX a; 
rfew Y6tk, 3, I, o, a 

CapMiok.— Local ; 

Carberry, Oarbray, Car- 
bury.- Local, 'of Carbefry.' a 
parish in co. Kildare, Ireland, As 
this surname looks very English, 
1 insert it to prevent any mis- 

174s. Philip Carbery and Mary Ch«- 
ter ; Marriage Lie. (London), ii 343. 

1701. Marncd'-The Risht Hon. Gsh-kc 
Evan^ Baron Carbery, and Suan Wm. 


and Jen 

180& - ,-... 
Uary Carbeiy ! i 

Pliil»de!lSli5?3,°i',~o7New Ywk"(! 
bury), 1, 

CarUna ; v. Corbyn. 

CarboneL T 

Peter Carbonel, CO. SooH., | Rdw. Ill: 

Peter Carbonel, CO. Oif., 1273. A, 
Richard Carbonel, co. Sahw, ibid. 
Ralpl) Carbonel, co. Camb.ribid 
1634. Uarried- William Carbonnetl 

and Blii. DelUlon, St. AnthoUn (London), 

Carbutt— BapL ; v. Garbutt, 
of which it is a corruption ; cf. 
Cammel for Gamel, &c 

London, 3 ; Fhilad^hia, i. 
Carder.— Occup. 'the carder,' 
a carder of wool, probably a female 
industry ; cf. Kempster, 

John hi Carder, 7 Edw. Ill : Fremen 
ofYork, i. 37. 

Roben de Coleity, carAr, 8 Bdw. HI : 



UuEu«> CuiUr, 1379 : P' I'- Yorks. 

'''i?k Manied-Willi.' JrAnton and 
Ak Cuder ! Si. Ju CIcHirDweU. iii. i?:!- 

i7ja Bifi.— Ann, d. of NScodemiu ud 
Ann CurdET : Ibid. 11. 394. 

l^doci, 3 i Philaddphiii, 1. 

Cardenr.— Local, "of Cardew,' 
a manor in the old barony of Dal- 
alon, CO. Cumb, 

Williwn At C»itlKw; B. ud F„ co. 
Comb., p. 03. 

Thomu de Kanhew : iWd. 

1603. Married— Robert Cardnv and 
Ann Hane : St Jaa Clerkenwell, iii. i& 

1694. — Jdkrf Cardue and Uarguct 

Crockford, 3. 

Cardlffi— Local, 'ofCardiff.' 

William de Cardiff, ononotSI-Dand-i. 

IIQI : HhL and Am. St. Daiid'i, f:i^ 

n. iri-t 

_.v. I. K. 

le Keriof, CO. Wilt^ ibid. 

BihD Cardif, Co. Southampt^ 1^7^ A 
enty Carderf, co. SoDIhanpt., ibid. 
Ralpli Cardiff uf Woolfali, pariih 01 


: Villi ai 

rricd-Iohn Coi 

■ I.. Clerked 

Cardiffci StJ» CV- , 

1747, — TliomaB Cardiffc 

Baker : St. Ceo. Cliap. Harfair, p. So. 

Cardinal, C»rdinaU.-Nick. 
■ the cardiiul,' tbe ecclesiastica] 
dignitary; ct. Italian car^'naii; 
cf. Bishop, Archdeacon, &c. 

Wniiam le Canlin', col Salop, 117}. A 
Henriciu Cardynall. 1379: P. T. Yorki. 

Waiter CardinaJL P. 
WWiam CaHTnail. temp. BiiK Z. 
1683. Hanied-John Bramioci and 
UargaretCardiDall : Sl Jaa. Clerkenwell, 

iSoi. — Jobn Cardinatl and Jane 
Gvani : St. Geo. Han. Sq, iL 157. 

London, I. o; NewYork, 1,0; Baton 
(U.S.), 7, o i MOa (CO. Eua), o, 4. 

Cardioaber. — Occup. 'the card- 
nuker,'a manuracturerof the ' card' 
or ' comb ' used by the cloth-worker 
in the carding of wool and other 
raw material. 

Joba Cardinaker, minerUi, 1531 : R^. 
Unt*. OiEf. ml k. p. 171. 

WlllFliinii Caidemaker, 1379: P. T. 
Yorka p. gS. 

WilliD. Rawe^ iarJmatir, 1441: 

Y«oi "friar. ' .'■ He bejaioe Tica 
Bridget'* (n Fleet St., and oik 


leSBTcn at St. Paol'a He vaa bmuEhl 
Mon Bonoer, May 15. ISSS. and bornl 
alive Bi SmitliGeld, Uaf 30^ Diet. Nat. 
Biog. 'a. 39-4a 

The occupative term is found in 
the 17th century : 

Jamn DewharX, pariib of Rodidale. 
ar,tm*itr, 1637: WiltaatCbater(i63i- 
50), p. 64. 

I fear the sunuine is obsolete. 

CardtiB. — Local, 'of Carru- 
thers' ; v. Carmthen. 

Hancbsitcr, 1 ; Cdne, i. 

CardwelL— Local, <de Carde- 
ville.' Thia surname seems to be 
of Norman eitraction. The suffix 
•titOt is commonly turned into-iMtf ; 
cf. Boswell and Bosville. 

FViK CO. Wild 

1373. A 

o. Southampt, 

London, 3 ; Philadelphia, 

dei^ia, ifi'i'ui 


Care.— Local, 'at the care,' a 
fonn of Carr, q.v., from residence 

Lncaide la CaiT, CO. Kent, loBdw.I. R 

1663. Buried— Robert Caic: St. la*. 
Ciukenwell. iL 151. 

1706, Maiiied--JohaCBr(or Care) and 
Siix. AriM: Sl Anibolio (LondonX p. 119. 

Loodoo, 3 1 Philadelphia, 6. 

GaralsBS, Carleew.— Nick. < the 
careless,' free from anxiety and 
sorrow ; cC Kerry, Jolly, &c. 
Wilkihiiu Canks, 1379 : P. T. Yorka 

^tDnr tZarelew, temp. 1570. Z. 
1713. Harried— Charlee Cueleuit and 
Rcboca Moor: St. Jaa. Clerkeawell, 


. Carelea and Lydia 

St. Geo. Han. Sii i igo. 

London, 3, I : UDR (co. Hereford), 
u, 4 ; PhliadeipUa, 3, o. 

Coray, Gary.— Local, < of 
Carey,' a great West-counliy sur- 
name. Ur. Lower, quoting Sir 
Bernard Burke's Landed Gentcy 
of Great Britain and Ireland, 
says, ' Cary : the ancient family of 
Gary derives its surname from the 
manor of Cary, or Kari, as it is 
called in Domesday Book, lying 

in the parish of St. Giles-on-the- 
Heatb, near Launceston.' 

;ohn de Cary, co. Soma, 1 Edw. It!; 
Kirby^B Qpe«t, p. j6i. 

RofcT de Cary. ca Sonu., im, A. 

154J. Henry Cairy and Ann Hornin : 
Hairtafe Lie [Faoiltr Office), p. 4. 

1591. Buried — John Cary: St. Jaa 
Clerkenwell, iv, «i 

MDB. (CO. Soma), ». a ; Loodoo, 14, 
15; Philadelphia, 116,8. 

Carle. Oarlemttn, Karl, 
Karlo, GarL — Occup. ' the carie,' 
or ' the earicman,' a rustic, a bond- 
imui.B churL 'Carle, or Cbori«: 
msliaia. Carle, or Chorle : bonde- 

Mfvo Moiiva': Prompt. Parv. Way 
adds in a note, ' Anglo-Saion aorl, 
carlman : nuHtou,' 

HeoryleKarle. CO. York. 1173. A. 

Ida Carle, co. Camh., ,-bid. 

Robert Carleman, co. Camb., ibid 

Henry CarlcTtTVork, ibid. 

Robert Karlrmaa, co. Camb., ibid. 

UjS. John Carle, rector of Weelini, 
CO. »«f, : FF. <L 1^ ' 

r£o3. Boried— Georp Carle 1 St Uaty 
Aldmnary. Dl r40. 

1617. IfarTKd-John Carte and Jone 
— '-:St.Jaa.tlerken. - 

1 fioatoo (V.S.), 

Oarleton, Carlton.— Local, 'of 
Carlton.' There are at leaat twenty- 
two parishes and townships so 
called in England; v. Charlton 
and Cborlton, literally the town of 
Karl, or tbe churL 
Ranald de KaiJetoo, oa I4nc, Hen. 

L Lin.1, 1^3. A. 

3de Karlton, co. Bedt., ikd. 
de Carlrtoo. rector of Little 
Poringland, co. Norf. : FF. t. ug. 

RoSnt de Carietone, co. Som*. . i 
Edw. HI : Kirby'a Qoeo, p. i»^ 

AnabelU de Carleloo, 1370; P. T. 
Yorka p. itiS. 

Tiiomaa de Carlctoo, 1379 : ibid. p. 14. 

JohannadeCarlHon, I379:ibld.p.46. 

'56>-]' Edward Briilev and Craoe 
Karleton : Marriare Lie (London), i. a6. 

1387. Married— Robert Harvn and 
Agne* CarleloB: St. Jaa OerkenA-ell, 

'"■L^don, 3, ; New York, 16, 14. 

Carlisle, Carlyle, Carllle, 

CorlilL—Local, ' of Carlisle,' the 
county town of Cumberland. The 
surname crossed the Border, the 
spelling undergoing alight changes. 
Still it is easy to see that Thomas 
Carlyle was born and brought ti^ 



not very far from the dty whence 
his sncestora originalty sprang. 

Kicholu de CarEolo, auri/aUr, 4 
Edw. tl : FreeiiKn ofYork, i. 11. 

ThDinM de Cu-kU, 1379: P.T.Yorki. 

'^V^i^mu de Kirfevir, aittlir. IJ71 
ibid p. 96. 

Wtltenu d« CarlhilL ijtq : ibid. p. q 

\U7. Hiwh KuMe and Chrbii 
Saondn: Huriin Lie (London), i. 1 

s<e6. Bipt.— HiTlen, d, John Carlcil 
St. Ju Ch^Hiwcll, i. [g. 

ISOB. Robert Jenklnion uid Marisr 
CArieill: MarTVireI.kL(Loadoii),l.94 

t6o& Richirif itaonr ud Bridjr 
Carllell : ibid. p. 309. 

London, 4, I. >, I ; WnC Rid. Conn 
Dir^ 5i (\ 3, Oi rbiladelphli, 17, 1, 

— Occup . ' the cannan , 
one who drove or let out vehicles, 
■ onier. The instance from York- 
shire seems to suggest this origin, 
as appended to the name is the 
occupative term Aos/iZrr. Shake- 
speare has tanHOH (Measure, ii. i), 
O.F. car, acar. 

Henry Camao, co. SufT., i>73. A. 

Madlda CArmtn, co. Norf., ffid. 

Thomai Carman, koiliUr. 1379: P.T. 

15S0. ChriMoplivr FUube and Elii. 
Cannan : Mairia^ Lie (LendonX I. 9<>. 

ijSj. Bnried^lohn Rychirdo, a car. 
man, who bislce U* neck aitb a (all : St. 
Michael, Comliill, p. 199, 

irad. HsrTled~-Harh Brtlid Simpaon 
■kI llarr Cannan; St. Quo. Han. Sq. 

London, 7 : MDB. (co. Satfclk), 3 : (co. 
Camb.X I ; PbUadelpbia, 40. 

Cam, Came. — Local, ■ □( 
Came.' Cornish cam, a rock •> 
cairn, (i) South and West Came 
■re in the pwish of Altemun, near 
Launceston ) (a) Came is a small 
place in the parish of SL Anthony- 
in-Heneage ; (3) also, there is a 
Came in the parish of Crowan, 
□ear Camborne, all in Cornwall. 
There are Sve Carries In the Diet. 
Nat. Biog. Four were bom in 

1547-8- Richard Came and Adiiana 
Lynch ; HairiaEi Lie (Picalt; Office), 

1736. Baried^Ji 

p. 167 

Cam&by. — Local, 'of Camaby,' 
a parish io East Rid. Yorlishire, 
about three miles from Bridlington. 

Rogcru dc Carnaby, bnsiatsr, 1379 : 

Johannea Camaby, 1379 : ibid. p. 141. 

1669. Mamed-WaTter Cama^ and 

Han^ CoDlcy ; St. Jaa. Clerkenwei:, 

WiliiaiD Camabec and Uartha 

Cooler : ibid. 

1677, Samnel Camabr and hmj Sa- 
baclc ManiatB A]l%. (Caoteibary), 

London, 1 ; UDR (EaR Rid. Yor 
Camliiex. — Occupative, 
butcher or flesh-hewer.' Latinized 
in old registers into Camifez. 
very common entry. 

Gocelin Caraifm, co. Hnnli, 1173. A- 

Bcmnu Camifu, co. Camb., ibid. 

JohaniH Fte>heii>er. aimi/ue, 
P, T. Yorki p. 196. 

Carpontar. — Occup. ' the 
penter ' ; O.F. carpmhtr, a worker 
in wood. An extremely common 
entry in the Hundred Rolls. 

Stephen Carpaitarina co. Devon, Beit 

iit-EMw. L tr 

Caipentaiini, co. La^le^ ao 

Hdw. L R. 


Eihn le Carpentrr, co. Be 
icaidni Carpeniarini, 

'^Bgh le Chupcnter, co. Wllta, Ibid. 
Johanne* Carpenter, arjgkl, 1379. 

1550. JohnCarpenler and Alice Sepav 

Marrlairc Lie (London), i. 11. 
LondiHi, 54 ; Philadelphia, i ji. 

Carpmil*.— Loc. ; v. CartmelL 
Carr.— Local, 'at the corr' or 
' kerr,' q.v. The latter is the ctmi- 
mou form of entry in the York- 
shire Poll Tax, &c. The frequency 
with which such entries as Robert 
or William del Carr, or atte Carr. 
or Karr, or Kerr recur in Lanca- 
shire and Yorkshire records of the 
13th and 14th i:enturies is ex- 
plained by the fact that Carr or 
Kerr meant a low-lying meadow. 
It is still so used in all the northern 
counties. I saw in the Cliflon 
Arms Hotel, Blackpool, Dec. 6, 
~~ , a placard announcing the 
>f ■ freehold fann near Bi*p- 


ham. ' All that Meadow, or Carr, 
containing six acres ' occurred 
twice, and one plot of ground was 
called Fayles Meadow, or De- 
borah's Carr. In the Yoikshirc 
Poll Tax (1379] almost every village 
has some one styled William or 
John del Kerr in it ; v. Carus. 

Aftnea nxor ejo^ 1379: 


.p. 67. 

j6io. Bnried-MaUll. d. John Ca^: 
St. Jss. Cletkenwell. iv. 114. 

S41. Married— Jamo Carr and Ann 
l: Si. Ceo, Chap. M.yfait. p. so. 
London. 61 ; PhDadelphia, 344. 
Oairadua. — Local ; v. Car- 

Oarriok. — Local.'al the carrick ,' 
from residence on or by the carrick, 
or craig, or crai; ; Gaelic, camag, 
a rock. A Scotch surname. It 
seems at times, however, to be a 
French form of the above — Breton, 
karrth, a rock in the sea (,v. Crag 
in Skeat's Diet). 

Richard Carriiiiie, of Tewiboiy, lemp^ 
15B0 : Vidlalion of London. 1634. p. 140. 

Martin Carriwc, arLoadan, I'm ; ibid. 

William Carriq. of Yatfley, co. 
Soathampton, 16(7 : Ref. St Dionli 
Backcharch, London, p. 33. 

1809. MaiTied— John George Carrione 
and Jane Roche : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. iL 4io> 

London, J ; Philadelphia, 18- 

Oarrler.— Occup. ' the carrier,' 
a carter. This surname barely 
exists in England. 1 do not find 
it in leading English directories. 
But it has crossed the Atlantic and 
is found occasionally \a the States. 

WlllcbnntCatioor, writht, 1379: P.T. 
Yotka p, 135. 

fohannea Kencar, 1379 ; Itrid. p. 11, 
ohanna Charrcr. 1379 : Ibid.Ji. ii. 
RichardeCariar, IJ59: Reg. StUarj' 

1605- MariieS-l.eooard Chapman and 
Haiiaret Catrier: Sl Jai. Ckrkeainell, 
in. 3D. 


- Thoma. Car 

Bliii; 5l Geo. Han. Sq. L 7. 
The Daily Tdempli, Jan^ 


W. dan.-.. 

fhiladFlpbia, i ; Bouon (U.S.), 3. 

CarrlDffton. — Local, (i) ■ of 
Carrlngton,' a chapelry near New 
Bolingbroke, co. Lincoln; (a) 'of 
Carrington,' a chapelry in theparish 
of Bowdon. CO. Ches. ; (3) 'of 
Carrington/ a village in th« parish 



of BasTord, co. Notta. Both (t) 
and (3) have undoubtedly (avtn 
birth to representativei of this aur- 

'rine Kaningtoii 

donV i. igA. 

loii. jDhn CurEnfftoti, of Bolllneton: 
Wilii.[Cha«r(i6ii-50',p.4J. "^ 

1640. TlkOmaB Cairington, of Cbeater: 

.761. Unmed— Jidin Carrinnoo ini! 
kAdiwcIl: St. Geo. Hu.S^.i. iia 


'of Car- 

(ChohinX * : Philadelphii 

nithera,' q.v. 

Carruthera, Cumddars, 
Cruddas, Oruddf B, CruddwM, 
Carrodiu, Carraduo. — Local, 
'of Carruthers,' a hamlet !□ the 
parish of Hiddlebie, co. Dumfries. 
This Border name early penetrated 
into Cumberland, Westm., and 
North Yorlcs, and one familiar 
variant is thq curious surname Car- 
roduB found in the same districts. 
This is proved, if proof were 
necessary, by such an entry aa 
the following : 

Simon Cartodera, co. NortliBmlL, temp. 

-■ - -yrp?^- 

Edw. VI : TTT. 

16.6-7. J< 

lohit Mairey uid Jane Car- 
tlamage Uc (WtMrnfauter), 

ifiji. Geoiye Canilhen and BNi. TO- 
itone i Marnaec Lie ILoDdonl U- 'M- 

1771. Mfliri^— WaJierCamnhenaad 
SouDnafa RobiDKn: St. Geo. Hu. Sq. 

Loodon, 6, □, o, a a ot o ; Newcutlr, 
1, 0. 1, 3. I, o, o ; Kdebley (Cairndos), 4 ; 
St3imh (C«nid«S i; 'Ormtbtii^; 
Pbiladclphki, 3 ; BoMoo (tI.S.X 9. 

Caraloy,— Local, 'of Carsley,* 
some small place in the West 

Richard de Canlceh^ co- Soma., 
Edw. Ill : Kirby'i QiHst, p. iiS. 

Bowoo (U.S.). 3. 

CarsOD.— r Bapt 'the son 

!' Probably the prcBi Car 

a pet or popular nick, of some p< 
sooal name ; but I cannot suggest 
it. But there is one solution which 
would easily explain the surname, 
viz. Garson, i.e. Gar9on, a servant 
IV. Gasson). C and G as initials 
were practically interchangeable in 
the nomenclature of the 13th, i4ih, 
■nd isth centuries (v. Cammel). 


Alida CamoB, (H/; IJ70 : p. T. TarkL 
p. iGS. 
Londui, 4 ; Philadelphia, 161. 

Corairell, Caaswell, Ker«- 
well, KerBWilL— Local, (i) -of 
Abbots Kerswell ' (or simply Cars- 
well), ■ parish a mile or two from 
Newton Abbot, CO, Devon; {a) 'of 
Kings Kerswell ' (or simply Cara- 
well), a couple of miles south of 
Newton Abbot 

Robert de Canwcll, co. Soon., I Bdw. 
Ill: Kirbv'a Qneit. n. ,u^ 

RiclurddeCar*wall,«>.I>>on,ii73. A. 

(Damintii) di^Canwill, CO. Devon, ibid. 

Wliimm de KarsKill. co. Devon, Ibid. 

John Canwell, rWi-a, 'Caamll. of 
Wetlon; Vliitalion or London. i6». 

i-igg. Witliu 

>"j ;« 

int. EO. Somi., ifiOQ: Abflnlct 
■KUkiie Willi, p. i. 

'7S?- — Stephen Frrf 

Carter,— Occup. 

the I 

Is realty a dim. of ear, hence 
some of the fuller forms below ; 
d. Charter. 

locini CaielannB, ca.Oxf., 1171. A. 

jBtbtna le Cartere, co. Cvnb., ibid 

Nicholai le Caiter, eo. Oif., ibid. 

John le Carlere, co. Noif., ibid. 

Robert le CareUer, to. Hnnt% iUd. 

Margaret le Canter, - "- " '^'' 

Rieaidoe Carter, 1379 

ijTtt Mairied— Rolait Carter 
Marjrarec ByUynfre : St. Dionii . 
churrfa, p. 6. 


. Ricbarde Ci 
Elfmar: St. jaa. Clerke. 

London, 221 ; liiiladclphia, 169. 

Carteret, Cartrett— Local, 
' de Carteret,' a parish adjoining 
Bameville, in the arrondisseinent 
of Valognes, in Normandy. The 
name is found early in Jersey. 

FhilipdeCanant,Jenpy,aoEd«.I. R. 

John de Carteret, Jeney, ibid. 

CcoBny de Ciuteiel, Jeraey, ibid. 
No doubt the name has sometimes 
become confused with Cartwright. 

1663. Thomaa Scott and Carolina de 
Caiteretl: MairiagE Lie. (Canterbuiy), 

1670-1. Ben jam in Can 

id Dorothy 


1715. Harried -Edward Hi 


Carthe^. — Local, 'ofCarthew' 
>r ' Cardew,' a spot in the parish 
)f St Issey, CO. Cornwall ; v. 
Gilbert's Cornwall, ii. 955. The 
meaning is said to be car-dew, 
i.e. black rock (v. Lowers Patr. 
Brit p. 54\ There is, however, 
a hamlet Carthew in the parii^ 
of Carnmenellis ; alsoanothersmall 
hamlet of the same name in the 
parish of Treverbyn, Co. Cornwall; 

1548. Bapt.— Richard, son oT one Clr- 
wf: Rt£. St. Columb Major (Com. 

1551^— 'wilUam. (on of Cou Catdew : 

' 'i(M. Married-JetTrry Cardne an^ 
Margaret JepKy: St. Jai. Clcrlienviell, 

Thnnaa CaTlhew (16^7-1704), Ber^anE- 
al.taw, wa> eldeit aon of Thomai Canhew, 
of Canaaligry. St. Iney, in Cornwall; 
Dkt Nat. Btog. ii. no. 

London, jiComwJlCooitDlr., I. , 

CarOadge .Cartlldge.— Loca I , 

'of the Cartlach." 1 cannot find 
the spot. No doubt it lies in South 
Lancashire or East Cheshire. The 
suffix is -^ott, a pond, or boggy spot, 
constantly found as -ir^ or -tiark 
in compound local surnames ; cf. 
Blacklcdge or Blackleach, and 
Deplcdge (i.e. the black pond and 
the deep pood), both found in the 


Thomai Canlich. orBajthomlcy, 1671 : 
ibid. (i66o-»lo).p. M. 

itej. Hapl.— Hannah, d. William Can- 
Uich ; St, /aa. Clrrkenwell, i, j6}. 

■ 7711. MkrMH-Iamee D- Kiiline and 
Sarah CarttlaEe: St.Gea.H>n.Sq.i..<li9. 

London, 3, o; Uancheuer, >, I; Phila- 
delphia, lO, o. 

Cartman. — Occup. ' the car- 
ter ' ; V. Chartman and Carter. 

MancbeMer, I ; Hen' York, 1. 

Oartmell, Cartmel, Cart< 
majl, Gartmale, Cartmoel. 
Carpmile.— Local, 'of Cartmell,' 
a well-known town in Furness, 
North Lancashire. The Stafford. 

D,y.:,.eG by t^OOg IC 


; Fbi 

oa {CO. 

shire variants or Utb surname I 
to have come from North Lanca- 
shire via Cheshire. 

Robert Cinnell, oT ClanEhton. 157! 
LaiKuUre Willi u Slchmoul (1437- 
1680), p. jS. 

BTiutKlhCinnull, DfCtaD£hlaii,i7i0 

Add CuoikII, {fKaigutlHuiCartncll 

Tlwaiu CatUMll, of "' 
~ii»lfr(l6ii - 

, . . rtmJl, of i 
ibid. (i66a-So), p. 51. 

SMilonI), o.'o,'i, 1, 1 

Carttar.— Oecup. 'the carter,' 
a whimsical ipelliug ; v. Carter. 

Cortwrislit.— Occap. 'the cart- 
wrif ht,' > maker of carta ; c£ Wain- 

MBKaUCanwr^rEoi, i]i79:P.T.Yi>Tki. 
Henricu Wiyflit, ca/nrjffil (lie), 
)ali*nne( Wanic, tarlwti/il, 1379: 

Tbomuoe Btktt : HaTriase 

1601. Hallied— Ricbaid Gnene and 
Adbc Canwiigbl ; SU Jai. Clcrkenwell, 

London, 35 ; FhUaddphia, X2. 

OftniB, Garlas, OaraBS.— 
Local, ' of the carr-house,' i. «. the 
houoebythe carr(v, Carror Kerr). 
There is no evidence in favour of 
the Latin earns, dear, beloved. It 
is a mere guess. Cariss and Cinua 
seem to be Yorkshire coiruptions; 
ct. Loflus, Bacchus, Kirkiis, &c. 
refer to the house where Lhe car 
was kept M.E. earn; O.F. tar 
or c/iar [y. Charer, Channan, and 
Carman). The derivation ia that 
case would still be locaL 

Richaid Caroiu, 40 Edv. Ill : HiB. 

Thomu dc CatnbaiV, 1370: P. T. 

JokviiivadcCarehnia, 1170: ibid p- 137- 
William Chanu, Mertm Coll!7 10. 

WcMm., 1581 : R^. Univ. OiT. toL ii. 

pt. iL p. iii^i 

1601-1. pEter Cans and BUcn Lceo . 

UarriaeF Lic^ (London), L 166. 

1808. Married— Robert Staiier Canii 
an.) Maria Day: SbGn. Hao.Sij.ii.. 94. 

Croclifard, 3, o, o ; P.lialliorp (Bolton 
Percy, Yoilu), o, o, j ; York, o, 1, a 

Carver, — Official, 'the carver,' 
a servitor whose duty it was to 
carve at table. < Item, lo William 
Denton, carver to the Queen, 
1C36 13s. 4<i* (1503) : Privy Purse 
Eip., Eliz. of York, p, 100. 

Adam le Karver, co. Devon. 1173. A. 

Richard )c Kerver, to. Line, ibid. 

ij6s. UaiTicd — Stn» Carver ud 
Jaync Byllam: Sc Dioac Backcburch, 



CarviU, Carrell, Carrilk.— 
Local, 'de Charville,' evidently a 
Kormau surname, spelt Cherevile 
orKervile(FF.ix.73). The follow- 
ing quotations from Blomefield's 
History of Norfolk will settle the 
point beyond the possibility of 
dispute : 

Robert de Cberevill. co. Norf„ 19 Hen. 
m FF. vil. Si. 

Roger dc CheRvile, «l Nolf., 10 Ricb. 

Waller Cbenrk. rector of Bicbani- 
Weil, CO. Norf., 1 1» : ibid. viL 307. 

Predmc de CotvUI, co. NoriC: ibid, 
riil. 368. 

Hainpbrey Carrile, co. Norf. 30 Hen. 
Vni: iUdp.474. 

Ttaoina* Cariy. co. Norf,. i66» : ibid. 

ImDnd CaiTiil, c 

>.NoTf:, I 

161^'. HuT;ed— tohn Carveil and Matr 
Rowland ; St. Jaa. Ckrkeoweli. iLL 1 «■ 

1778. - John Winbadi and BKbci 
:arvl]l ; St. G«. Han, Sq. i. 103. 



HDB. (co. Eaei), i. 

Cary j v. Carey. 

Case, Caab.— BapL ; v. Cass. 

Caehmau, Caaman. — Offic. 'a 

catchpoll '(v. Catcher); W.E,caditii, 
itch ; O.F. cachitr, lo pursue. 

17S3. Married— Uai: 

York (Caamank 

Philadelphia, 11,0; New 

Caas, Casaon. Caah, Caae.— 
Bapt. ' the SOD of Cassandra,' from 
the nick. Cass, a common girl's 
name in the lath and 13th cen- 
turies. I only furnish a few in- 

Kalph £1. Cauudrr. CO. Caml 


Ca»udra Metcalfe, York, igoq : W. 1 1. 

Caue RnmpF. =0. Kent. 1J73. A. 

Stephen Ciue, co. Somi., i Edw. Ill : 
Kjrby'. QiieB. p. i6j. 

lolianne* Caae, 1379 : P. T. Yorlu. p. 17. 

WilWmn. Cmmo, T379: ibid. p. 186. 

Cammder Danyll. 1379 ; ibid, a 148. 

1676. John Caae and EliL^righlr 
MvTiaee Lie (Pacalty Office), p. I^S. 

1747. Uarried-Uaniel Can and EUi. 
Pliichard : St Geo. Cbap. Mayfair, p. 00. 

London, 4. 3.7. "! WeKTUd-Coart 
Dir., m S. "i o; Boton (U.S.), 30, 3, 7, JO. 

CaatsUan.— Offic. 'the castel- 
lan,' the constable of a castle. It ia 
very probable, and almost certain, 
that CastlcmBD is a corrupted form 
of Castellan. 

locelin le Caitlelyn, co. Saamx. 11 
Bdw. L R. 

Sin Cutelyn, co. Bedf., ibid, 

WilliamCaatelelnDa, Camb., 1373- A. 

Gilbert ChaiLeleyn, co. SbR,. ibid. 

IM7-S. WiJiiam Hamerton and Beset 
Cutelyn : Ualriage Lk. (Facnky OfOceX 
p. II. 

Caatle, Oastall, CaoeeU.— 
Local, ' at the caalle,' from resi- 
dence tbercby or therein as a 
servitor or keeper. 

Alan de Caitell, London, 1173, A. 

Andrew de Caatello, co, NorT, ibid. 

Ranolpli del Chaitd, C. R., 1 Edw. I. 

Robert del ChaMell, co. Nnthanb.. 
1340: KKK. p-il. 

WilUuo allc Caatle. co. Soma., i Edw. 
Itl : Kirbv'i QDeat. p. lU. 

-nioniaadeCa.>ell,i379: P.T.Yorka. 

Uagota del CaatelL ijM: ibid. B, 179. 

Roger Btte Caslelh Houiebold Book 

ofQueealaabelle, 133)1; Cut. MS. Giilba, 

1548. Bap(,— Katheriiie Caatle: St. 

1631. MaiTied— Richard C*9le and 
Elit Newton : St. Michncl, Conihill, p. 31. 

Caaleli : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 133, 
London, 30, 4. ll Bojton (O.S,). 6. 

_ .._ .—(I) Offic. 'the 

castle-man,' a servant, a keeper; 
cf. Templeman, Towcrman. C") 


OSc; V. CasteUan, of which 
Caalleman is probably a corrupted 

RalDh C»«leliii»n, at. Sonu.. i Ed*. 
Ill: Kirby'sQucu. p- "6- 

Ridurd CaMelinaa. C, R^ 1$ Hen, VI. 

Tlionia. CMiylmim, C. R., i-i Philip 
■nd Huy, pi. i. 

irsS. Hairied-Henrv CiRlemu and 
DoTCMbr Rtchu-dnn: St. Geo. Han.Sq. 


Stcptoc : ibid. 11. Igj. 
Hiilsdelphia, i. 


Walton. A wdl-known family 
sprung from thi* spot and ramified 

Wvdo de Cuton, cc 

1604.' Bridnt CaMon: MamnEC Lie. 
(LondonV 1. J89. 

1706. Manisd-MUthcv Couon and 
lUiyCuIIe: St. G™, H»n. Sq. li. 144. 

LoodoD. 4; Bocton tU.S.), i. 

Catohor,— Nick. ' Ihe catcher,' 
a huntsmao, a follower of the cbase ; 
perhaps soDietimes a catchpoll (v. 
CatchpoU) ; M,E. tathm, to catch. 
' Cach»re or dryvare : minator, 
t^ador' : Prompt Parv. 

Rkhan] Catcher, cl Loodon, tnrrx 
dncent from ^n Cacber. 1484 - Vi^ta- 
tkm of London, iti 34, p. us, 

Adam It Cacher, co, Nori., 1173. A. 

Rieharf le Cslchm. eo. Norf., ihid. 

William Calchare, CO. Norf., tsnp 
Edw. I ; FF. vii. 306. 

Hii(^ Catcban. ca Notf., 3 Bdw. Ill 
ibid. p. 304. 

line (Jl. 

[aniei!— Thomai Hiukei i 
■lch«: St. JaL Clet)ien» 


rerereoee) I have a couplet from 

a old political song : 

Nedei I miut spend that I ipaird of yoTr 
Ageyn thi» cmeherele cotneth.' 

Hugh Ic Chaichercl, co. Korf, iJ7J. A. 

GtS le CadMrel, co. Soft., ibid. 

Adam le Kacherrl, co. Norf.. ibid. 

Aleiaoder le Cacberel, co. Notf., ibid. 

Robelard Cacherellu, co. Soaao, ibid. 

Tboma* Cacberellm de Lodenygra, 
MnAien dacribed ai the'Cacheiel de 
Lodenc,' CO. Notf., Ibid. 

TUB surname seems now lost in 
Catherall (q.v.), an early variant ; 
also in Catterall (q.v.), a local sur- 

Catohpeimy.^Nick. 'a catch- 
penny,' a man who tried to hil 
the popular fancy as a chapman, 
who had something to sell that 
would readily catch a penny. 

N. (! NitioUi) Kacbepenr, co- Somi,, 
"73- A. 

polo,— Offic. 'the catchpoll,' one 
who seized people by the head ; a 
sheriff's officer, a bailiff; Latinized 
into cachtpoUus. 

' A cachepol can forth 
And cracked both their l^iea.' 

The weapon the catchpoll carried 
may still be seen in the Tower of 

'WiULani Cachepoll, out. gaiole. 
Salop-: C.R.,,«flen.III.,^ 

Geoffrt* le Cachepoi, co. Oif„ iJ73- A- 

Ralph le Cmchepol, co. Oif., ibid. 

Hugh le Cachepol, c 1300. M. 

Miguel Catchpoole. temp. Elii. Z. 

HentT Cichepole, M.P. for Hereford, 
C. R.. 45 Edw. III. 

I do not find any present 

CatohereU.— Offic. ' the cs 
erel,' a catchpoll, petty sergei 
under-baililf, policeman. The 
stances in the Hundred Rolls (very 
many) lie almost entirely between 
Norfolk and Essex. 'Cacherele, 
a catchpole' (Halliwell). In my 
notdtook (unfortunately without 


Palsgrave. ' Catours, manciples, 
spencers,cokcs': 1459. Hun.Acad. 
Onon., p. 346 J V. Chater. The 
final tr in Caterer is a needless 
in poulterer and 
upholsterer. It occurs early, as 
111 be seen below. 

le^Catnr, co. Eawi, tm. A. 



itard I 

Bridget Culchpoole : St. Antholio (Lon- 

lliam Catchpole, aer. 

Henry k Catoo 


BeinanI le Aatoar. c. 1300. M. 

ij6q. Harried— Henry Cuei 
Powlter: St.JaLCIetkeniii'ell.i.4. 

iSoi. — Kianciijoho Calor »nd 
Ann HsmphicyB: SlG«. Han. 

John Cator md Mary 
; Sheffield, i,o,y. 

Philadelphia^ o, 

Oatoaby.— Local, ' of Catcsby,' 
a parish in co. Northampton. 

Robert de Catesbr, co. Northampi., 
Hen. III-Ed«, L K. 

William de CalteibT, «a Nofthampt., 


All Ihe Catesbys mentioned in 
the Diet. Nat. Biog. can be ulti- 
mately referred to Northampton- 
shire. William Cateaby (d. 1485). 
councillor of Richard III, of whom, 
and others, the couplet was writ- 

' TTie Cat^tbe Rat, and Lovel aar dog 
Rale allEngland oader a hog,' 

was son of Sir William Cateaby.of 

Aahby St. Legers, co. Northampton, 

166S. Thomai Caleabv and Hope Kil- 

coclte : HBtTiage Lie. (Faculty Office), 

7. Married— Mark Cataiiy at 


vant to Mr. Humpiiriei, 
Michael, Camhill, p. 94)- 

Category.— Nick, 
particular class or list.' 

John Catworye, fellow of All Soula, 
0.f„i.';4S:RegU''iv. Orf.i. SM. 

Catsr, Gator, Caterar.— OSc. 

' the cater,' a caterer, more cor- 
rectly a cater, contracted from 
acaiour, a buyer for a house. ' Of 
which achatours mightcn take cn- 
semple ' : Chaucer, C. T. ' Catour 
of a gentylmans house, dnpaaitr ' : 

Cathoart.— Local,' ofCatheart,' 
a town in co. Renfrew. 

1744. Married— Robert Cathatt and 
Elii. Jona : St. Geo. Chap. Mayfair. p. .vt- 

London, 1; Philadelphia, ]i ; New 
York, 3. 

Cather.— Offic. 'the catcher." 
In the same way Catchercllis found 
as ' le Cather^l ' ; v. Cathendl. 

Richnrd le Cather, co. Notf, 1171. A. 

Robert le Catbere. co. Norf., ihid. 

The above Richard is set down 
also as Richard Catherellus; v, 

,y t^OOg IC 


Cathsrall, CatbnIL—Oaic. 

' the CTtcherell,' q.v. ; on early 
variant. But vid« aiso Cattaratl. 

TbooiuleCalhcnLco.Nad'.ii;*. A. 

AlaukdcrCuhcRl, «. Karl., Hud. 

Ridwrd Cuberctlu, co. NorfL ibid. 

leil. Buried— loiK Cadicnllci: Si. 
Jai.Clerk«n«l1,iv. 115- 

i6h. - JaiM Calerrall : <bid. p. 311. 

16.16. Bdwvd Citheiall. cnrau of 
Gmt Cartirook, co. Notf. : PF. ii. j.fS. 

London. 4, o; MaDcheuer, 1,' o; 
Philulclplua, a, 6. 

Cdtlin, Catling, Catlyn, Cat- 
llnson, CattUn.— Bapl. > the son 
of Catherine,' from [he nick. Kale 
or Cat, and dim. CaUin ; cf, 
Hewclin (v. Hewling), Tomlin or 
Tomling. The g in Catling is ex- 
crescent, as in Jennings. A simple 
glance at the directory will prove 
that the Irish Kathleen was once 
a familiar English form. Callin 
and Catling are catninon suniBincs 
in most counties. ' Item, given to 
Kathelyne, Js. 6d.' : Privy Purse 
Eip., Princess Hary (1536-7], 
p. 8. 

Elia* KatiliD. co. Comb., 1173. A. 

KaieriDa, or KateliiK de Suuton, co. 

SiF|ilicn Catdine ; C R., }5 Bdv. t. 

JabiDm CaltelyDKw. 1379: P. T. 

WilleiDiiu Caltdyo. 1379 : ibid. p. 17, 
HcoricBi Catlyn, 1370: ibid. p. 74. 
Tbomu Kiil)vn»n, «. Yorkf V. 11. 
Stq>hiMi Calfill^n, Patent Roll. 19 

EleDore'cBllvnwn. Co. York. W. 13. 
1.47. John Reppinnll and Blitabeth 

Catlyn, Mifra; : Uirnige Lie. (London). 

' i^ Hamed— John Cattin and Su- 
(anaa Have* : St C«. Han. Sq. ii. 15. 

1794. - William Catling and Kliz 
Charch : ibki p. 109. 

London, 9, 3, i, o, s ; Boston (L'.8 ), s. 

Catlow. Cattlow.— Local, • of 
Callow,' some apot near Burnley 
or Harsden, co. Lane. 

Adam de Catlowc, of Maraden, co. 
Lane., 1)3>; Lar SDbndy (RvUndil. 
p. 83. 

Robert de Catlawe, of Mamiai, co. 
Luii:., 13.U : itiid. p. Si. 

John Citlow, ofHandbridge, Cheater, 
1641 : Willi Bt CbcKcr, iL 4.^ 

UageheSer. i, o; Liverpool, 1, o; 
Fbiladel^ua, o, 3. 

Caton.— Local ; v. Catton. 

Oaunoae.— ? Nick. From some 
imBgined reaemblance. Notacom- 


plimentary sobriquet. But perhaps 
after all local ; cf Holdemesa, 
Fumess, Thickness. 

A^nca Katuneae, or IEatti«eae, co. 
Line, IJ7J. A. 

Catt.— Nick. ' the cat,' a sobri- 
quet affixed on the nominee for 
some supposed sleekness of manner, 
&c. A well-known Norfolk sur- 

that county. 

Adam 1e Kst. C. 

MiloleChaL E. 

Elyaa le Cat, Co. Norf., 1373- *■ 

RevinaM teCat, co. Eawii, ibid. 

Henn le Catt, co. Norf. 14 Edw. 1 : 

William ^e Cat, CO. Notf., 11751 ibid. 

Roger le Chat, co. Noff., lemp. King 
John: ibid. p. 375. 

146,;. William Catte, nctoi of Bding- 
thnrp, CO. Norf, ; itud. li. so. 

William Cat, co. Sonu., 1 Edw. Ill: 
Kirby'. Quen, p. 1+3. 

1678. Jim™ Calt, iMTtor of Graham, 
CO. Bor4FF. viii. lag. 

1691. Bapl,— Avin, d. Thamai Calt; 

iHo.). Married— Richard Cat! Bud Mary 

. : Si. Geo. Hai 

ii aoj. 

London, 5; MDB. (CO. SufloLk),5. 

Cattarall, Catherall, Cat- 
terall, Cathi-all, OatxelL— 
Local, 'of Catterall,' a township 
between Preston and Garstang, co. 
Lane. But v. also Catherall. 

le CateralF, holds in di 
: <he vill Oi Hapton , ^ 
II Edw. Ill : Baina- Lane 
*j Hen. in (1357-^ Ricbi 

d the heir oT 

GoKnhar and Katerale ' : ibid. ii. 337, 
LoradeCateriuilE, CO. Lane., 1331: Lay 

SubsidvlRjland^, p 38, 
1363. Thomai Caterall: Preuon Gnild 

Rolli. p. 16. 
1593. Ellen Catlsall, of CroMon, co. 

Urn": Will, at Cheater (1545-16.0). 

'^iS^i^ncheslcr, 1,1,4,0.0: Preuon, 0,0, 
o, o, o ; MDB. (CO. Cheater), o, o, o, I, o ; 
SosiOD (L'.S.i, (CatreU), i. 

Cattarmole, Cattwiiioul, 
Cattermtill, CatmulL—t Local, 
a Norfolk atid Su&blk surname. 
I find no early traces ; perhaps an 
immigrant from the Low Countries. 

mole. water-coJoq] 
*a» bom at Dickie 

(i^eonrc Catcermoli 
painter I180D-68), waa . . 
borou^ near Diaa, co. NorC.' ; UicL Nat- 

ISCB. £rried— John Cathcrawkl and 
Jane Ford : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. ii. tsi. 

London. 4, I, 1, o; MDB.(co.Saflolk), 
J, o, o, o; (CO. E—^X 0,0,0,1. 

Cattorson. — BapL ' the son of 
Catherine,' from the dim. Catlin, 
q.v. Hence Cattlinson or Cattin- 
son corrupted to Catterson ; cf. 
Patterson, Dickenson, or Hatter- 
son for Pallinson, Dickinson, and 


Cattle, Cattall—Bapt ; v. 

1683. Thomaa Gibaon and Alice Gallic : 
Mamage Alleg. (Canterbary), p. 146. 

CattUn. Cattliog. — Bapt. 
■ Little Katharini ' ; v. Catlin. 

CattoQ, Caton. — Local, ' of 
Catton,' (i) a chapelryin the parish 
of Croiall, CO. Derby ; (aj a pariah 
in CO. Norfolk, two miles from 
Norwich; (3) a parish in East Rid. 
Yorks ; (4) a township in the parish 
of Topclilfe, N. Rid. Yorks ; (5) 'of 
Catou,' B chapelry in the parish 
of Lancaster. 

Robert de Cation, or CattDoe : co. 
Norf., 1173. A. 

lobn Caton. co. Honta, ibid . 

Inhn Hr l^aton, of Lancatter, CO. 
Lay Subsdy (Rylandi), 

Calton, i379:P.T.York«. 

Willelnnu de Cnyllon, 1379: ibid, p 

1569. Married— Thomas Steveni and 
Arnea Calton : St. Jaa. Clerkenwell, iii.4. 

1773. — William Clark and^EUi. Cat- 
ton ; St. Geo. Han, Sq. L >3a 

London, 4,8; LiveTOOoi, o, s; Wen 

p. 88. 

dio'c. Lichfield, co. beroy. No 
doubt many places were so called ; 
V. Coldwell and Caldwell 

CriMina Caudel, CO. Camb. 1173. A. 
William Caadel, co. Camb., ibid. 
(Prior) de Caadewelle, co. Bedf., ibid. 
15S7. ThomBi Cawdell, jamai, and 
Johanna Lowen^ tlatriagi Lie. (Lon- 

1O64I Bbol— William, aon of Wm. 
and Mary Cawdle: Beg. St. Jami« 

J7J7, ilBrried — Edward Foaa and 
Eleanor Caxdell : St. t^eo. Han. Sq. i. 4. 
London, i, a, I. 




Oftucliey ; v. Coffee. 

Cnnloiitt Local, 'of Calde- 

cote'; T. Calcott. 

Caunter.— Occup, ' the Rsun. 
ter,' a glover ; v. Ganler and Gaun- 
ter), The change from G to C is 

and Clendeoing. 
Iddoa, I ) WDB. (CD. Dcsvon), ti. 

Caarymaury.— Nick. 'Item, 
presentatun quod eM Johannes 
Caurymaurj, Johannes le Flem- 
ing . . . conwieti fuerunt currere 
cum canibus snis sine warcnlo' 
(Chroiiicon Petroburgcnae, Camd. 
Soc.,p. 138). A verycoarse dotb. 
^Sofne lokc ■tnwry, 
Some tBwTT nmwrr.' 
Skcllon'i Elyncnr RBmm^ne. 

Caiuton, Cawvton, Caw- 
Stam. — Local, 'of Cauiton.' The 
manor of Cauatan in South Erping- 
ham. CO. Norfolk, ia mentioned in 
the Hundred RoUsof 1073(11.513). 
No doubt CauitOD and Caston (q.v.) 
have become confused, both being 
Norfolk surnames, but they must i 
carefully separated, neveithclesa. 

BcalriT, retirt of Strphm dc Cauto 
Erlgtfcld, CO, NoTt : FF. in. !(8<. 

Richer de CintoD, ro. Nori., 116; 
Ibid. ™, , , 

Gwlrrc7dFCaBiton,co.Norl, t»i. . 

WUlAm de Ciaitcn, Co. Norf., ibtd. 

Rohm Cnwnaii, or Caaton. co. Nor 
ie« : FF. iv. loS, 

lOJj. Bapt. — ThoiDU. •. Willia 
CawMon ; Sl Ju. CIcriKoiRll. 

1711. BoHcd—tu 
Michael, Conhill, p. s 

■ Caottan 


, Chev> 

London. S3. 
0,0; FUlaMi) 

CavoUer.- Offic. 

Cave.— Local, (i) 'at thee 
from residence therein or thereby; 
(a) ' of Cave,' two parishes, North 
and South Cave, in E.Rid. Yorks. 

Roeer de C«Te, co. Line . 1173. A. 

RoGcTt de Cavt co. Backi, Md. 

WiUelmu del Care. lareiT-.T-Totki. 

Wilidmiu de Care, 1379 ; ibid. p. «. 

■tiu. Uarried-Philip Cln, >.Ab>£br, 
aikd &nli MartiB : Sl. UkhuL Comhill. 

l6so. Bapt. — Jolin, a. John Cave, 
fi*mr, St. Dionii BackchoKh, p 111. 

We« Rid. Cowl Dir, I : L«Aon. la; 
HDB. (CO. Uncobi), 3 ; Phil«lelphia, i& 

Cavri. CaTeU,CairtU.— Local, 
of Cavil,' B township in the parish 
of Eastrington, E. Riding Yorks, 
two miles from Howden. Thence 
easilycrossed overililo co. 
Lincoln. In some cases it may be 
represented bysome more southern 

RobeftdeCiivilla,o). Line, 1571. A. 
'i-ij- I'*'' Caicl. retlor of Si«Und, 
). rJorf ; FF. I. 170. 
WiUter CaiTl, CO. Somi.. i Ed*. Ill : 
Kirbr'i QunI, p, 110. 
1546. ^nmfrey CavHI and Alice 
wahe: Marria([e Lie. (Faculty Office), 

170J. Married — Charlei Lavell and 
Ann Sebemer Cavil] ; St. Ceo. Han. 5q. 

London, 1, 6. a : HDB. 
CavIii.A; v), - -' ■ - 

C&Terle7,CnTerl7.— Local.'of 
Calveriey.'q.v.; avariant. Calver- 
1^ is a parish near Bradford .Yorka. 

1563. Bapt.— Ednund, 1. Brvan Carer. 
IcT ; St. Uidiael. Conibill, p. fii. 

The personal name of the father 
would of itself suggest a Yorkshire 
parentage. Bryan, until Ihe i8th 
century, was a great favourite in 
North Lancashire, and West and 
North Yorkshire. Of this fact I 
might give endleasprools. Caverly 
is well known in the United States. 
It went out early. 

* Charles Caxrrlie. aged 17 ' — ^ !m. 
baiqaed in (he Mathcw of Loaelon ' for 
St.JlhriMoplien in 16J5: Hotlen'i LiMi 

n Rid. Coort Dir., 

Cawoutt.— Local, 'of Calde- 
cote ' ! v. Calcott, a variant. 

'554'S' C«>r|te Hataett and Calherlne 
CawFoIt : ManHare Lie. (London), i. 16. 

1700. BapL— Mary, d. Robrrt Caw- 
colt : St. Jaa. Clerkeninll. p. 3Sf. 

The surname is further disguised 
in the following entry : 

1703. Uanind— Fraocto Yoineer and 
Sonniia Cankell : Sl Geo. Han. Sq. 

UDK (co. Canib.}. 3. 
Cawiey.— Local j v. Cayley. 
Cawood, Cauwood.— Local. 

' of Cawood,' (1I a small town near 
in the parish of Helling, North 



:Cawod', ijra: ibid. p. no. 

•Mre. p. 17. 

lantic, and 

. . Johd Cawood and A^ca Keane : 
MarriajiT Lie. (LondonX !. 4t. 

1771, Mairied— William Can-ood and 
Mary Jonel : St. G«l Han. Sq. 1. »06. 

London, a. o; Sheffield. 1, 4; New 

CawMy.— Local ; v. Coswaj-. 

Camton.— Local ; v. Causton. 

Oawthom, Cawthome, 
Cawthron, Corthom. — Local, 
' of Cawthome,' a village four miles 
from Bemstey, co. York. Corthorn 
is a manifest variant and is found 
in the districL 

Gamtl dc CantliDrr, «. York, larj. A. 

John de Caulhom, co. York. ibid. 

JohaDfiPa dp Canlhoni, 1370 ; P. T. 

_, ..._ni (1710^1), poet, wa.1 

aon <if Thom» Cawthom. apliolMtirer, 
and bom at SbrSrlH, Nov. 4, 1714': 
Diet. Clat. Bi0[. ia, 3B0, 

Thus for 400 years the ancestry 
of the last-named had clung to the 
district of his birth. 

17BR. Married-Haahew Oliver and 
Ann Cawthom : St. Geo. Han. Sq. IL m. 

London. <c o. o. 1 ; Fliiladdphia, 1, 1. 
o, o ; We.1 Rid. Coart Dir, o, o. 1, o ; 
Sheffield, o, 1, t, 1. 

Gaxton.— Local, 'of Caiton,' 
a parish in co. Cambridge. 

John de Canon, ct " " 



Camb., iind. 
Hand, Ibid. 
CO. NoRbampt,. 

I fear the surname is extinct. 

Caylsy, Caley, Cawlsy. — 
Local, ' de Cailli,' from Cailli, in the 
arroadiwement of Rouen. Hugh 
deCailly,lord of Ort>y, CO. Norfolk, 
was head of the family whence 
sprang the barony. 

OAen de Calr, oo. Norf., laTi. A. 

Hash de Cat*, co. Norf., iUd. 

16«. John Wialley and Mary Cawley : 
Marriage Allee. (Canlerborfl p. 111. 


Cayaer,— Nick. ' the emperor,' 
the CacMT, Kaiser, ■ title of the 

D,y.t,zed by t^OOg IC 

Ho\j Romui Empire ; v. Kaiser 
luid Caesar. 
' — of Jacob a itar iball ■prrniF 
That ihall onnon Kawr and Kyng.' 
Tcnmln UyiaAea. 
^ ICyngcB aad Rnygtitea, 
ECayaen and Popca.* 

Ren Phnrman. 
Sanaonle Cayaer, CO.Oxf., 1173. A. 
Tlwiiia* le Caper, co. Oif. iUd. 
1706. Hatiird— Roben Cayier and 
Sanih AiDbrld(e: St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 

CeoU.— Bapt ' the son of Cecil.' 
maK. ; or Cecile, fern. (v. Siss, Sis- 
sot, Stiselot, Sisselson, Sisson ; for 
the popularity of these Yorkshire 
variants, v. Siss). Nearij all these 
name* represent the feminiae form. 
Cecil seems alwa^rs to have dc- 
sceoded from the masculine form. 

RIchardGl. Cecille, co. Caiab., 1173. A. 

CpciUe In Ihe Lane, co. Oxf., 1173. A. 

William Cecilie, ro, Orf-, "73- A. 

CeciKaGamyll, 1179: P.T. Yorki. p. 30. 

Cecilia EL RobcrtC U79 : 1U4. 

SMIieLiwak, CXI. York. W. ■& 

Tlioaiaa Cecilt, lemp. Elii. Z. 

Jams Cecilia, co. Noif., 1361 : PP. 

"■Sn''Tliooi«a CedU. Kot, co. Norf., 
1S91: lUd. 11.486. 

1776. Married— Heniy Cecil. Baq„ and 
Emma VemoD : St. Geo. Han. Sq. I 365- 

London, fl ; New York, 6. 

CsntUTre.— Nict; v.Hnndred- 

CcddadcAlnmTaco.StaRbTd, 1973. i 
Hrnrr Chadd^ London. Ibid. 

SihnChaddfc London, Ibid 

Roger Chadde, or Chede, 151S : Reg. 

"774.MuTi^WiUiam BxMand Peegy 
Chad : St. Geo, Han. Sq. L 136. 

ClutdbaLnd.— Local, 'of Chat- 
bum,' q.v. Nearly all Dickens' 
character- names are to be fouod 
in the directory ; v. iHckwick, 
V^nUe, Snodgrass. Doubtless 
Chadband isa vatiantorChadbum. 
It is found alongside Chadbout 
the Boston (U.S.) Directory. 

ITSB. Mani«l_John Chatband and 

lEoi. — John Chadband and Sarab 


CSudbum, Chadbounid, 

Chadboitm.— Local, 'of Cbat- 

/ a township in the parish 

of Whalley, co. Lane. 

Johanna (fe Chattebain, 1379 : P. T, 

HenrlcBi dc Chattebam, 1379: ibid. 


163& Baried-Ji^n, a John Chad- 
bourne : Si. Jaa. CkrknwcH, hr. 115. 

t66o. — John ChaAonme, a poorc 
aancient man : ibid. p. 333. 

Wat Rid. Conn Dlt., 3, o, o ; Sheffield, 
3,0,0; Bo«oo (U.S.), 0,10,38. 

Ohadderton, Chottartoo.— 

(il Local, ' of Ohadderton,' a town- 
ship in the parish of Oldham, co, 
Lancashire ; (a) ' of Catterion,' a 
township in the parish of Healaugh, 
W. Rid. Yorks. 

Thoma* ChaddETUm, of Ike Len, Old- 
ham. 1S7S. WilU at Cbala- (iS45-i6jo), 

Knjne Chatterton, o[ Heaton Nonla, 
ISO*: ibid. p. 39. 

Alan de CatertDn, CO. Tofk, 1173. A. 

Willelmna de Catenon, 1379: T. T. 
Yorka. p. 118. 

Although in general Chatterton 
must be regarded as a variar' "' 
the Lancashire Chadderton, 
almost certain that some of the 
Chattertons found in the Yorkshire 
directories are variants of Catter- 
ton, a township in the W. Riding. 

1360. RobctI Chadenon and Margartl 
Rei>^ ; Uarriife Lie (London), ' - 

15^1. Joh^^^Vyllrtt and Ml 


iladdphia, i, 5. 
Chaddook.— Local, ' of Chad- 
dock,' an estate in the township 
of Tyldcsley,in the parish of Leigh, 
CO. Lancaster. Chaddock Hall 
was in possession of a family of 
that name in the early part of the 
last century. Not to be confounded 
wiUi Chadwick, as is done in thi 
Index to the Preston Guild Rolls. 
Daniel Cbaddockr, ifigi: Fracoo 


Aon CI 
1607 :Wi 


.ofWeat Leigh.^iMter', 
'■ (i»S-'o»). P- ■■ 


John Cbadocke, of Chadoche, co. 

Lane., 1610; Lancaahtre Inanbilioni, 
pt ii. p. IS. 

John Cherdock, of Cheydock, co. 
Lane.; Willi at Cheflcr(i6lI--|o), 0.48. 

1^7. Hairled-Jun SoRtman and 
Ann Chadock : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 398. 

Liverpool,! iLoodon, 1; Philadelphia.!. 

Ohadaeld.— Local. • of Chad- 
field.' i.e. the field of ChMi ; V. 
Chadd, Chadwick, &c. 

1685. Charlca Bimnie and Blii. 
Chatn.ld: UaiTiage Alteg. (Canteibacf ), 

OhAdwlck, Ohatwiok.— 
Local, < of Chadwick,' a hamlet in 
the parish of Rochdale, co. Lane. 
This sumame is to be met with 
in every town in Lancashire. It 
must have cmsaed the Atlantic at 
an early period, as it is strongly 
represented in the States direc- 
tories. There ia a hamlet named 
Chadvrick in the pariah of Broms- 
grove, CO. Worcester ; but I do not 
think it has made any consider- 
able impression on nomenclature. 
Lancaslure is the true home of [he 
surname. Chadwick no doubt 
means the wick or dwelling of 
Chad, the original settler (v. Wick). 

Nichola. de Chadwyke, temp Ed*. UI: 
' """ i-Sia- 

labD Holt, of Chadwick, Amtamih 

^n Chadwick, of Chidiicfc, tpim 
xt. Lane, 1636 ; ibid rr6ii-sol, p. 4; 
John Chadwick, of Chaclwick, /■ 

tcs^ojde-'^rir...';. ' 

-Nick. ; V, Coffin. 

Chftf^, ChaiF. — Nick, 'le 
chauve,' the bald, whence dim. 
CbauSn ; v. Coffin. 

lohn Chant 

Bnried — Richatil Chafe; St. 
kcnvclL IT. iS!. 


London, >, o: 
Hew York, 1, o. 

Chsfflnoh, C2iifBDoh, Chlf- 

ftiUM.— Nick, 'the cbaffloch' ; cf. 
Spink, Goldspink, Finch, Ac. 

Abi^m Caffioel : Proceadtoga laKcM 

,y Google 


itiso. Hurled— John Ciffinch unit Aon 
MuoB : St. lu derkoiwcll, Hi. loj. 

1683. Georeo Siinlloe and Elii. Chef- 
£aeh : Uuriue Lie. (London), li. 305. 

1684. Tfeonu Frver uvd ElaCaffioch : 
HuTiaEc AII«, (CanlerbBry), n. itb. 

MDS (CO. WU»), 0,0,.."'^ 

Chaldeoroft.— Local,' ofCalde- 
cole,' ODC of the endless variants of 
this surname ; v. CalcotL 

ClMUbnt, Chalbnt, Chal- 
fftin.— Local, 'of Chaifont,' two 
parishes (SL Pet«r and St Giles; 
in CO. Bucks. 

157a ThomM Ch(UDnte and UiTEim 
Cornewallii : Uuriue Lie. (Paculli 
Office), p. .5. 

1689. Wnliam Clufl'unt uid - Tunc : 
MaTTiMi All^. (CinlerborfX P- i». 

Lodood, I, 0,0; FbLLidcLpfaia, o. 10,0: 
New York, o, 0, i. 

Chalk.— Local, (i) 'of Chalk,' 
a parish Id co. Kcd^ Dear Graves- 
end ; (a) 'ofChalk,' the Hundred 
of Chalk, in co. Wilts. 

Wiiiiun Choc, CO. Salop, lajt A. 

ReilDald Chock, co. Sodu., i Edw.III : 

1600. Alenander Chocke, co, Sobm.: 
Re^, tlniv, Oif. vol. ii, pc. iL rog. 


Lonoon, 10; uuu. (co, Wiiii), i 
Hiilulelptaia, 3. 

Challuid, Challands, f ihui . 
Una.— Bapt. ' the son of Jalland 
or 'Jolland,' q.v. ; a great Lincoln- 
shire personal name in the latli 
and 13th centuries. Jallands, the 
patronymic, became Challands,just 
as Jubb (q.v.) became Chubb. So 
alio Jalland became Challand. 

1780. Harned-Jana Wimble and 
Manika ChalUnd: St. Geo. Han. Si|. 

HDB. (CO. LincolD), o, 1, 1 ; (CO. Kotli), 

ChaUmi, Chalon.— Local, ' of 
Chalons.' The town of Chalons- 
aur-Uarne ia meant There would 
be a steady immigration from the 
fact of its close trade relations 1 ' ' 
England (v, Chaloner). 
Godfrnr Challnn, co. Dnon. 117J, 
"-terdeClialoaDi,co. Ba(' - " 

John ChalDik, n .. . 

1706. Mamed-Chriu 
Carolbe Subiuib Chalon : 

sa ii ■«. 

n Ja*i and 
«. Geo. Han. 


ChaUsogar.— Nick, 'the chal- 
lenger,' equivalent to Champion, 
I cannot help suspecting, 
nrer, that it is an imitative 
corruption of Chaloner, q.v. I 
find no early instance. 

1(65, Buiiol— Sir Thomai Challeiurer, 
Km. : Si. ]». OeikemrelL ir. 7. 

1764. Married— William Chaliinger and 
Mary Wilki: St. Geo. Han. So, i. IJ^ 

London. 4 : KnottinElcr (co. York), 1 : 
Philadrlphia, 1. 

ChtOlis, CaiaUloa.— Local, 'of 

Calais' (v. CalUs); cf Chatlerton 
and Catterton, Chandler and Cand- 
ler, Chancellor and Cancellor, &c. 
Chalt is was bound to become Chal- 
tice, just as Calais became Calice. 
Of Norwich, BlomeGcId in his His- 
tory says ; ' In 1435 the city 
furnished out forty men, well 
armed, and sent them to the de- 
fence of Cslice ' : FF. iii. 146. 

1770. Married— John Eiley and Elii. 
ChJiice: St. Geo. Hati. Sq. i! joi. 

LonIIaI^ S,.i; DevoaCoon Dir., I, 4; 
Philadelpkii, 1, a, 

Chaloner, Ghalleiior, Chal- 
lonar, Chalenor, Ch&lllner.— 
Occup. 'the chaloner,' a manu- 
faclurer or seller o!chohn3, woollen 
stutTs, especially coverlets or blan- 

The term still remains in York- 
shire in the word shalloon (with 
which cf, Willelmus Shalunhare. 
1379: P'T.Yorka.p. 183). In the 
York Pageant, 1415, the Chaloners 
and Fullers were allowed four 
torches each (Hist. Ant. York, ii. 
1967). ThewillorWilliamAskam, 
dated 1390, says, ' Item, Uirgare- 
IB prenticiE Willi el mi Askams 
do et lego a fedir bedd, and i matras, 
ii shetes, and a coverlet. . . . Item, 
Johanne Dag^, crisp volet and a 
chalon ' (Test. Ebor. i. 130, Suit. 
Soc). 'And that no chalon of 
ray, or other chalon, shall be made, 
if it be not of the ancient lawful 
assize, ordained by the good folks of 
the trade ' (Ordinance of the Tapi- 
cers, Riley's London, 179). The 
chaloner is described as ' chaloua- 

rookyere'in aWinchesCer Ordin- 
ance (English GUds, p. 35a). The 
origin of the word is simple. Like 
many another cloth stuff, it took 
its name from the town that bad 
won celebrity by its manufaclurc. 
This was Chalons-sur-Marne, at 
the period in question one of the 
most prosperous centres ofindustry 
on the continent. How time ob- 
scures history may be seen in 
the fact that Hr. Lower (Patr. 
Brit.) gives the origin as ' boat- 
man ' or ' fisherman ' from the old 
French ckaliiH, a boat, or chalon, 
a net. Hr. Toulmin Smith (Old 
Birmingham, p. 83) records a John 
Phelyps, chalounere, in a charter 
of 1436, and styles him 'master 
of a ship,' and then Bets to work 
to explain bow a skipper could 
be found at work in the Hidhuids ! 


^Rilxrdai Schalo 
]37g : ibid. p. 36. 

.^dam Chalonar, aturlidiBr/tr, 1371) : 
ibid. p. 97. 

The last two entries are very 
interesting, connecting as they do 
the name with the trade. 

iaa Spaldynf, tAalorur^ 

I6u, WilllamSprangetaDdCatlieHi 
Chaloner : ibid. p. 32.^ 

l; Bo.Wn'(y:S?S,' 

ChomberlaLn, Ch&mber- 
layne. Chamberlain*, Cham- 
berlln.— Offic. ' the chamberlain,' 
lit. one who had care of a chamber ; 
he who had charge of his lord's 
receipts and issues, a treasurer ; 
v. Chambers, where ' de la cham- 
brc,' though local in form, is pimcti- 
cally offioal, and frequently meant 
the chamberlain. 
Walter k Cbamberiajn, ca Line., 
Martin le Cbumberlejg, co. Camb., 


H™. Ill-fed*. I. K. 
Ivo le Chanmbcrkyn. «. Warw., ibid. 

Edw. I. R. ^ ^ 

Johannes ChaDmbaiiayne, 1J79 : P. T- 

The rollowing eight variations 
occur in one register; 

Colly ChainberUin 1 St. Peler, Cornhill, 

Anne Chaisberliiine : ibid. p. So. 
Wirtiam Ch;.mberbUH : ibiJ. p. 94. 
UaTy ClianiberlaYiLe : ibid. p. go. 
Elizabeth Chanberlm: ibidTpTVoi. 
Grace Chainbctlin: Ibid p. luo. 
Edvard Chambcrline: ibi^ p. go. 
Alice Chamberlyn : ibid. p. abg. 
Loaioo, ^ S. i. Si PbiUdelpbis, 37.04 

OiAmbera Local, ■ of the 

chamber.' It is somewhat curious 
that I cannot find any mndem 
instance of Chamber ; it is invari. 
ably Chambers ; why, I do not quite 
see, except that the latter looks 
more important. Strictly speaking, 
Chambers is in many cues as 
official OS Chamberlain. Both sur- 
names arose from the exchequer 
room in which Che revenue was 
paid. To pay in camiram was to 
pay into the exchequer, aud the 
aattfrariua, or chamberlain, had the 

Grifflo ddCham im.aailiftr o( Frincua 
lubel: Ht>UfrI>«IH n».lr r.Fn..«, t«. 

c Cl;ambte, d 
U4JW. Alt : rvirbyV QdciL p. loc 
Walter de la Chaoinbre, c 


RDbertDi del CliaanL„_, .j,,. .. .. 
Wilielnnu dd Chanmt^, ijTg: ibid, 
ffilhett de la durambK, C. R, 35 
Jt^unadel Chaambir, IJ79: P. T. 

* York, 45- 

ChsmeiL—Bapt 'the son of 
Chamond,' populu-ly Choman j cf, 
Osman, Tesseymao, Wyman, for 
Oamutid, Tesseymond, Wymond. 
Probably Chamond was on abbre- 
viation of Charimond (v. Yonge, ii. 

Richard Cbaman, 



l.xmdon, \. 

Chamflower. — Local, 'de 
Chamflur.' There are two parishes 
in CO. Somerset connected with the 
Chamflower family, viz. Huishe- 
Chamflower, near Taunton, and 
Wytce-Champtlower, near Bruton 
(N, and Q., January la, 1889, 
p. 37)- 

Mania de diamflDr, CO. Unc., 197.;. A. 

Adam ChamRur, co. IJorKt, ibid. ' 

Haj(o Chanfluc, co. Warw., ibid. 

1^1^. Buried — Heatar, wife of Robert 
Chanflowre: 5t.Anthalin(Landiin),p, ig. 

Robert, s.RobenCr " 

tAas VirrimA riii^ n 



Chamney, Chamley, Cham- 
bley. — Local, ' le Champagnois,' 
an immigrant from the province 
of Champagne. Chamney, &c., are 
variants of Cliampney, q.v. From 
Yorkshire it passed into Fumess, 
where for centuries Chamney or 
Chamley has been a familiar sur- 
name. Besides the original Champ- 
ney, the first three following are 
specimens of entries in my old 
church-books at Ulverston : 

1 ,446, Bapt— Isabell Chamaer ; Ree. 
Ulver«on S.f.t. . 


.JohD Chanmev: ibid. p. 5 

ajce Chamley : iUd. p. 186. 

lamnnry, of the pariah of 

uivenUM, i6ji: Willi at Kidimaad, 

Jamea Chamney, of Ulveiuon, 1596: 

Hmry Chamley, of DaltoB-iD.FameaB, 

1.^6.1;. Fnoda Woiaian and Hargaret 
Clianiley: Uatrioge Lie (Londonl,]. 31. 
<543-4- ChriMopher Taylor and A^n 
Chalky: ibid. p. 113. 

In the form of Chambney this 
surname went out to Virginia in 
1635 (v. Hottens Lists of Emi- 
grants, p. 113). It is found in 
Boston as Chamley, and at Phila- 
delphia as Chambley. The change 
from H to / or vice versa is com- 
mon ; cf. balusters and bamsltrs, 
the latter being modem- 
Liverpool, o, j,o: UlvemoiL n, 1,0; 
Fhiladelpbla o, o, 1 ; Boiton (U.S.), o, 1, u. 

duunpols, Cli&DipEtgntt, 
Champin.— Local, ' of Cham- 

pagne,' an immigrant from the 

province of that name. 
Margeiy de Champain, co. Norf., 134s : 
Robert de Chanpayne, Co. Norf, 1393 : 

HnEh de la Chamnpeytie, Faidoni K., 
6Ki^ll. *^' 

Hocb de Champayne, Hen. III-Edw. I. 

ChaoDjMtene, 1306, M. 

■ Xo6l Married— 


Champion-— Occup.' the cham- 
ion,' a soldier, a warrior, the 
'inner in village sports; O.F. 
hampion, campioH. For further 

Hugo Champyon, 1379: 

Marria» Lit-. (Londoi])« 

Champyon : 
'Manlier and Alyce 

ChaupioD : Sl Michael, Carnhill, p. 1^. 

I7re: - John Champion aod Blii. 
Hubbard: St- AnlhoUn (LondooX p. 131- 

Tracy ; St. Geo. Han. f 

Iiaac Champion t 
"-1. Han. Sti. IL.,.. 
Philadelphia, 17. 

CbampUn, Chamblan.— 
Either a variant of Chaplin (q.v.) 
or of Campiin (q.v.). This U likely 
enough ; iJ'.Champian and Campion, 
Chandler and Candler, Chancellor 
and Cancellor, &c. I do not find 
these forms in England, but only 
across the Atlantic. 

i6iJ. Baricd— Mary. d. Uichielt Cham- 
bloine : St. Jaa. Clerkenwell, iv. ajt. 

This entry seems to point to 
Chamberlain as tbe original form. 

Boston (LI.S.)i 9, ]. 

OhampnoBB; v. Champneys. 

Champney. — Local, ' le Cham- 
pagnois,' an immigrant from the 
province of that name (v, Champ- 
neysj. For several variants of 
this surnaine, v. Chamney. In 
Yorkshire the samame aeems to 
have been pronounced without the 
s. Perhaps, however, it was a 
dialectic form of Champagne. If 
BO, the origin would still remain 
the same (v. Champain). 

Johanna Chaampmay, 1379 1 P. T. 
Yorlta. p. 38, 



Bihum Clmampca*)', 1379: iUd. 
CrockBll: Muriage Lie:. {Londan), 


itSi. HarrKd-Iohn I 


ObtuupDeys, Chuapnesa. 
Ohunpnlu. — Local. ' le Cham- 
papiois,' an immiErant from the 
province of Champagne ; v. Cham- 

Rofcr le Chunpeiwys, co. Noif.. ii^J. 

ickn ChBumpnrii, co. Unc ibid. 
Ldu Champ* neva, co, Kent, i>7.t. A, 

Hugh le Champneya, Hen. IIl-Edw. I. 

nipexei.. E, 

Robert le Chanpei. 
Stephen le Champej 

'finried— Hanna, wife W A 
St. Dioaia Backch 

Hon. Sq/i'- '47- 

ChftDOd.— t Bapt. 'the son of 
Chance '(I). It is quite poisible 
that Chance may have been a 
personal name, like Bonaventure, 
which it exactly repreaented ; 
cAour in M.E. genenlly meanitig 
a happy accident, a good mishap. 
It ia interesting to notice that the 
BUmame is well represented in 
tlie district where I find mjeariiest 
instance ; 


If it were not for the above 
entiy we might be disposed 
agree with Mr. Lower in his s 
gestion that Chance is ■ varian 
Chancey(v.Chauncey). But there 
is not an atom of evidence so far 
as I know in its lavoiir. 

1747. Married-Henry Clarli and ^nn 
Chance : SI. Ceo. Chap, Mayfair, p. S4, 

iSoi. — Jahn Chance and Blii. Allen: 
St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 169. 

London. 1 1 : MDa Ico. W«ccMer), 6 ; 
<ca. Wiuwi<±). I ; Philadelphia, 11. 

oery.— OEEc. ' the chancellor,' a 
cuitodian of writings or records. 
The chancery l,i.e. chancellery) also 
gftve a local (practically offidal) 


surname, hut it is put in an abbrevi- 
ated Latin form in early records, 
as for example : 

Richard deCancrll, CO. Hertr.. 07:1. A. 

Eneric de Cancell, co. Soulhanipl., 

These stand for ' de Canccllana,' 
i.e. the record-room. The forms 
of Chancellor are somewhat varied. 
I furnish iitstances from a single 

RobiTt le ChantKeler, co. Cmnb,, 

in Chan 

,. Itrid. . 

Walter Chauncelcr, 1:0. Norf., ibid. 

Robert le Caanceler, co. Bedl- ibid. 

Roeer Ic Canocler. co. Bedf., ibid. 

WiDiam CancclUriui, co. Oif., Ibid. 

With Chancellor and Canretlor, 
cf. Chandler and Candler. Since 
writing the above I have come 
across a local form in fi.ll : 

Willelmiudel Chainccry. utq: P. T. 
Yorki. p. J36. ' Servieni Edmnndna 
Moubray, Eiqnier." 

1740. Mairied— Thomai Brooke and 
Elii. Chancellor: SI. Ceo. Chap. May- 
London. ;^ >, o; Philadelphia. 4, o. o. 

Chandler.Chan tier, Candler, 
Cantier. — Occup. 'Ihechandler'; 
(i) a candlemaker ; (a) the ofhcial 
who attended to the lights in his 
lord's household (v. Prompt. Parv. 
p.7i,andWay'snotc). 'Candelerc, 
tamUanta ' : PrompL Parv. 

II: Preeinen 

lohanne* Innrton. ainiuun: \ii\a 01 
St. Gcoirc Norwich. Ensliah CiWa. 

MBtil<la Candder, 1.179: P. T. York a. 

Robertoi Knygklman.ofciinMWw, 1375: 

' John "chantder. C. R.. u Hen. III. 
RecinaldleChandeler, London, iiTt. A. 
Malhew le Candeler, London, ibli 
Williani CandelarinI, co. LeiccMer, 

luS : Reir. Unit. Oif. p. 111. 

1^66. HaiTicd— Richard Harrlaan and 
HargTcle Chanleler : Res. PrcMbacy Ch. 
Che^ire, p. 10. 

wardena' Account^ Wllmalow ; v. 
Cheahire. i. zrrj. 
LDodon. 66, >, 7, o 1 Norfolk, M, o. 


ChiraSer.— Occup. 'the chan- 
ger,' a money-changer. 

Simon le Chuc«r, C. R.. n He*. IIL 

Symon le Chancar, co. Lint. i»3. A. 

a. John del Chaunn, 1 Edw. Ill : 

Channon.— OHic. ■ the canon ' ; 
M.E. chanon; v. Shannon. 'Cha- 
none, tJiartoaietis ' : Prompt, Parv. 

'Nar.Bij, Gc>dwDl,al be he monk or 

Frni or chanon,' 

Chancer, C. T. 16307. Soma., 1637: Ab- 
■Iract of SonKTKUhlre Wills, p. 14. 

1616. 1 


I Chut 

RcK-Oif. Univ. vol. ii 

houae, Chandlehoiua, Char- 
nelhouse. — Local, ' al the chaoon- 
bouse,' i.e. the residence of the 
canon ; M.E. ckanm. This name, 
I believe, is obsolete in England, 
but still remains in the United 
States. Agentlemanof thistitlewas 
drowned in 1S59 near New York. 
For many centuries the name was 
confined to Fumess and the neigh- 
bouring district, and the last of the 
local branch died at the close of 
the last centuiy. Shannon-house 
is now an old farm by Pennington 
Church, near Ulverston. Six 
hundred years ago it was the 
Cbanon-house, where resided the 
canon of Conishead Priory, who 
undertook the parochial diarge 
of the church at Pennington, then 
in the possession of the Augus- 
linians. In old deeds it is written 
Chanonhouse and Channelhouse, 
and in the registers of Pennington 
and Ulverston both surname and 
place-name are found in every 
conceivable and inconceivable 
spelling, including the fortiidding 
' Charnel-house.' 

IU7. Baried— Uanraret CbuonlxnrK ; 

1649. BapL— ChruIDpher. i. Jamc* 
Fell, of ChanoTihanae : FCDniiEtoo Ch., 

1670. . Boiied-Jamei Fell, of Cballen- 


ooie, of Ulvcntan, 



lubcl dunnonhooic.afUlvcntiin. i6l] : 
LaiKuhin Willi at Ricbmand, p. 61. 

Cliaiiatar. — Offic. or occup. 
Strictly the femiaine of Chanter, ■ 
reciter (v. Chaoter). Ct. Sanger 
and Sangater, q.v. 

StAhoi Ic ChanUM-. ]. 

WilUamelta Cortalrb. E. 

Chapster could not (ail to become 
Chancer, in wbich fonn it is found 
in the last centuiy: 

17(19. Married— John Tatnm iind B«-. 
baraChBHxri St.Gea. Han. Sq.U. iS. 

Cluilt«r.~OSc. ' thechanter,' 
a precentor, one who recites in 
song, Prolmbly one who saug the 
masses in a chantry, a chantry 
priest. But certainly occupative 
somelimes, ' Ch awn towre, Can/or' : 
PrompL Parv. 

WiUiun !c Chanhir. co. Lane, » Bdv. 
'Criitiana le dwantur. co. Camb., 

"^lIliM If Chantoar, imi. M. 

ViiK( ]r Chauntnr. C. K.. (t Hen. III. 

liV'illiam Chaunlor, to. Somi., i Edw. 
Ill: Kirby'iQqnLp. 140. 

Jahannn CEanier, 1379; P. T. Yorka. 

Agoca Channtonr. IJ79: il)idp.9i7- 
1715. Married^Bdwird Smait and 

Joyce Chanlpr: St. Geo. Han. Sq. ' 
tj6l. UariFd =— ■— — 

Veta, Carahilt, 

. llBri«l-SlCT>(Kn CliaiiM 

ChOQticlMT. — Nick. ' clear 
singer,' a Taniitiar name for a barn- 
door cock. Hence, pertiaps, a 
boaster, one who ' crowa loudly.' 

ThooBi ChaD 

1. Korf.. 

lia^VC. T. 14^' 
Icr, C. R., 6 Ed*. Til. 
jf AllkbormiK''. 

PF. I 


If this surname descended to 
modem limes it would probably 
be lost in Chantler (s.v. Chandler). 

ClUUlttor.— Occup. ; v.Chaudler. 

Cluiotrey, Ohantry.— Local, 
'at thecbantiy.' Tfae name being 
so rare we may readily believe that 
tbe John below was ancestor of 
the sculptor. Sir Fraikcis Legatt 
Chantrey (1781-1841), who was the 
MD of ■ carpenter living at Jordan- 
thorpe, near Sheffield. 

144.^. Heniy Chaniry, viear 
14611. Richard Chaunlrrr. 1 

rnnnlnn. m. Nnrf • ihul .ill <i 

17S0. — Hrnry Chantrce and Ptioebe 
Wondcock : Si. beo. Han. So. II. 18. 
1S03. — Nalhanl<a Clnnux and Francn 

LoBdoni o, I ; Goolc. o, i j MDB. 
(LIdcdIb), o, 4 ; f>hiI<ukl|iliiH, o, 3. 

ChApelar. — Occup. ■ le chape, 
ler,' ■ hatter ; O.F. ehafxl, a hat, 
a head'dress, whence dim. chape- 
let, now chaplet ' E qe chascun 

esquier porte chapel des aimes son 
seigneur.' 'And that every esquire 
do bear a cap of the arms of bis 
lord ' (Stat, of Realm, i. aao). 

Ri>ben)eCha]icler,co.Canib.,i3rv A. 

M«l>il Ic Chmlere. co. Camb., Ibiit. 

Theobald le Ctiapeler (London), ibid. 

Edmund le Chtfdn, c. lya. M. 

I find no modem representa- 
tives of (his surname. I fear it 
is obsolete. 

CIuperoD, Capron, Chap- 
ron. — Nick. ' a hood or t>onoet ' ; 
F. dtaffTon, an augmentative form 
of thapt, a hood. A 

turies. It was probably the populi 
nickname of the cowled monk: 
cf. Barefoot. The chi^wron of 
modem society, though the same 
word, has no place here. 
' Her ahapperooBet^ ber peiriwija and 
Atv rcli^Dci which hia flatt'rj much 

Taylor'a Workcg. 1A10, li. In. 
WalterChapernn, 119a; RRR. p. 56. 
BdmHiid Capenin, CO. N irl , xrit. A. "^rff :«■! 
William Capron, ii 

naa Caperoan. J, 

. Hogh BrMc and Anne Capron 

HarjThoiuw KimiB: Si. Geo. Han. Sq. 

.4th c 

ii ■5>.'!: K.s- Univ. Oxf. 

ChEipllii,Capliii, Chaplain.— 
Offic. ■ the chaplain,' the minister 
of a aanctuary or inferior church. 
With CapliD, ct Candler for Chand- 

ler, Capell for Chapeil, and Can- 
cellor lor Chancellor, &c. lie 
Low Latin Ca/nUoKto is the CODUMD 
mode of entry. 

Richard k Chapeldn, cd. Devoa : Hen. 
III-E^ ' " 

Adam le Cliapelayn, co, Nortbiuabo-- 
land, » Edw. I. H. 
JobaonaChapeleyn, TJ79: P. T. Yorka. 

1591. Roben Chaplyn and Alice 
Calcrall: MarriageLictLondon. LiqH. 

I'M- Henry Caplj-n aad Hargsy f"- 

]6^ Bnricd^Hary Chaplin, vndtnB\ 
St, Selec.Comhill, i. 197. 

1804. MarTEd— Crwge Capita and 
Franca Winham : St. Cw. Hu. Sq. il. 

London, 90, 7, o; Philadelphia, 1, o, i i 
BoBoa (U.S.X ». o, o- 

Chap man.— Occup. 'the chap- 
man.' It is probable that the early 
chapman was stationary, and dealt 
in a much larger way than we 
are now accustomed to suppose. 
The travelling chapman was of a 
iowergrade. An Act of Edward VI 
speaks of ' person or pei'sones 
commonly called Pedler. Tynker, 
or Pety Cbapman ' (5 & 6 Edw. VI, 


Thomia le Cbapman, 

GTante le Ch ap m an, 1... _ .., ._ 

Geofirey kOiapman, c. 130U. H. 

Alard le Chapman, T. 

William le Cbcpman. co. Sonn., 1 Bdw. 
111^ Klrhv'aQii«t,p.9), 

Alicia Shepabank\ ckapmaH, isji)\ 
P. T. Yorti. p. 3. 

Avne* Cbi^nun, 1379 : Ibid, p. % 

Magela de Brandon, c^/huh, 1)79 : 

Henricni Schapman, iitq : ibid. p. 41. 

.S4'. Bapi-liobert Cfiapmanne'^: ^L 
Peter, Comhill, p. 1, 

1610. — Alice, d.Gyla Chapman: 6(. 
la.. CkckenwelL i. 86. 

Limdoa, id5: Baauia(U.S.), iji. 

ChappoU. Ohapel, OhappU, 
CliapelL— Local, 'at the chapel'; 
cf. Kirk, Church, Churchyard, &c 

HaghdelaChapeti<,tti.Nattai)7*. A. 

Thomaa de la Cbapele, on. Nonbam- 
berUnd, » Edw. I, R. 

John atte Chap^ co. Soma, 1 Kdw. 

Willlim a bTciiap^FlDea Roll, 9 



JoliaDiKa del Cbapell, 1379: P. T. ' 
YdcIu. p. 101. 

1671-9. Williifd Chappell ind Mar-' 
gmnt Mreky: Harriaic Lie (Fscnltv 
Office), p. tJI. 

■680. BapL — Thoma^ a. Tbomaa 
Chapdl : St. Jaa. Clerkenirell, i. 33I- 

Wilh Chappie, cf. such an entiy 

i;ov. UarTied-WiUlam LynfonI, of 
Whilechappfe (i.e. Whitechap.^l), asuA- 
max, and Uatf Jenkimon; St. Miiy 
Aldermary (London), p.Jlfl. 

London, 35, 3, 14,0; PliiladelpfaiB, 14, 

Cbapp«Iow, Ch&pplow, 
Ohapelhow, Chaplow.— Local, 
'at the chapel-how' (v. Howe). 

This rare sunuunc is found in the 
London Directory. It has travelled 
from the borders of Cumberland 
and Westmoreland. In the former 
county it still eiiists as Chapplow, 
which 19 very misleading, suggest- 
ing low (v. Lowe) as the suffix. 

ChriHopher Cbappelbvn', Hackthorp, 
Itea : Hid. Woitin. and Cumb. i. gj. 

ThomuChappeltiow, Hackthorp, i&u: 

Tbomaa Cbappillhow, of UnderbarrOT, 
parlab of Kendal, 1608 : Willi at Cheater 

1741. MarricJ— Duncan Bi;ne and Bar- 
tara Chappdow : Sl Geo. Hao. Sq. i. iS. 

George Cliapplehow and Elli. 

Dimenl : St. Geo. Chap, Uayfair, p, 13. 

London, 1, o, o, o; MDB. <co.^r>t- 
morelandX o, o, 9, ■ ; (co. CnmberlaDdl, 

Chard.— Local, 'of Chard,' a 
■narket-town and parish in co. 

John Chan], co. Som., 1 Edw. Ill: 
Kirbv'* Qnot, p. 369. 

1M4. Slarried— Jobn Chard and La- 
cletia Tnmert St. Jas. CIcrkenwell, iiL 

-1754. — Richard Chard and Hannah 
Grovca: Sl. Geo. Han. Sq. L ^3. 

HDa (CO, Soma.), 13 : Ljindoa, 11; 
Bgalon IU.S.), j. 

Charer, Charmon.— Occup. 
'the charer'or'charman.'adriver 
of a diaror dtan, a carman ; from 
O.F. ekar, a car. ' Chare, mrrxs ' : 
Prompt. Parr. 'To Master William 
la Zousche, clerk of the King's great 
wardrobe, in money, paid to him 
by the bands of John le Charer, 
for malcing a certain chariot,' &c. 
( Issues ofthe £xc heque r,6£d w. II I) . 
See also instances in Prompt. Farv. 
in Hr. Way's note. Capgrave 


says of Helianore of France, under 
date 1394, 'She brought oute of 
Frauns xii chores All of domicelles.' 
V. Carman. 

Thoraaii le Charer, C. R., 18 Edw. I. 

John le Chairer, CO. Notli, 1171. A. 

Klchanl Ic Charrer, c tuo. ». 

Nicholal le Charrer, co. Soma., I Edw. 
Ill : Kilbv'. Que« p. 164. 

ij^2- Married— John Bullev and Uary 
Charman: St. Geo. Chap. Uayfair, 


eo. Han. Sq. ii 
I : Ne« Yorlt, < 


Charioteer.— Occu p. 'onewho 

'ove a chariot'; H.E. chartl. the 
dim. of chart; v. Cbarer. ' Char- 
yetter, avrigarius, qaaJngartHs ' : 
Prompt. Parv, ; V. Carter, which 
is, strictly speaking, a doublet. 

Peter 1373. A. 

John Charieteer, CD. York. W. 1. 

ThomaiChBrietter,lemp.Blii. ZZ. 

Charity. — Local,' ofthe cha rily .' 

Possibly a dispensary or ' spittle ' 
connected with an ecclesiastical 

William de la Charity. 1. 

liAn Charite, C. R., 3 Edw. I. 

Ricardai Charyle, i];9: P. T. Yoikt. 

■ Willclroo. Charile. 1379.= <bi<l- P- '4'- 

Ihomu Charite, 1)79: ibid. p. 193. 

1611. Baricd— Sara, d. Frederick Cha- 
ritie: SI. lai. Clerkenwdl. iv. lai. 

1643. Marrird- William Charitye and 
Emma Lait: ibid. iii. 75. 

The origin as above given cannot 
be doubted. The baptismal Charity 
came far too late to obtain sur- 
nominal hononra. 

MDa(co.LiiKobi),]; FhiUdelphia, 1. 

Charles.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Charles'; &innan, CarL 'Charlys, 
propyr nanie, Camiua': Prompt, 

Colina Cnarle., cc 
Charie. (without > 

Norf, Hen. III- 


eX ". Kent 

'Kdtvd Charles, co. .SalT., ibid. 
William CharleTcG. Norfr. ibid. 
Alan Charle, co. Camb,, ibid. 
Ida Carle, to. Camb., ibid. ^ 

WillSiJclSlS^ SrNorf!!"ibid. 
14(11. WiUiaiD Cherlyi, vicar of Grea 

i.ui. BapL— lobo Charles; St. la 
ClerkenweU, L I. 
15S5-6. TertnlSan F>-ne and Uu 


GharlesworttL — Local, ' of 

Charlesworth,' a hamlet in Co. 
Derb;^ eight miles from Chapel- 
en -le- Frith. Hence well repre- 
sented in Sheffield and the York- 
shire border. This surname has 
ramified in a remarkable manner. 
It seems to have reached London 
at a fairly early period. 

Johanos de Chaleaworth, iin: F. T. 
Yorki. p. Si, 

Crossing over into East Cheshire 
it is found in a curious form; 

(London), I ig. ' 

itttu. — Jobn Green and Morniei 
Charleawonh : Sl Geo, Han. 5q.iL 369. 

London, 7; Weat Rid. Court Oir., lb; 
Sheffield, 10; MDB, (co. Derby), S. 

Charlett— Bapt 'the son of 
Charles,' from Carl or Cbarl, aud 
dim. Cbaii-et This came into 
England a second time in the 17th 
century as Charlet or Charlotte. 
Again, in the 18th century in the 
form of Caroline (.wife ofGeorgc IJ) 
it obtained a new lease of popu- 
larity. Once more, in the 19th 
century the lamented Princess 
Charlotte caused the earlier form 
to become immensely fashionable. 

GiwoiJ Charlett, liia: Reg, Univ. 

iBoJ. Married— Anthony Charktl and 
Mary Green : Sl Geo. Han. Sq. U. 174, 

Charlton.— Local ,' ofCharilon .' 
There are nineteen parishes called 

Charlton in the index to Crockford ; 
V, Carlton and Chorlton. 

, 1.7.. A. 

Richard dcChnrlc... 
GeoKrer de Cherhor 
Daniel aeCberleton, 
I. R. 

John de Cfaerelion, co. Northamp., Ibd. 
icSg. John Charlton, o( Taiion : Willi 
il Cheiler, 1. Jg. 
1^04. Jamet Charlton, of Aehton, ibid. 
Johanna Cberieton, 1379; P.T. How- 

1 654. Harried— Nicholas Charlelonand 
Sarah AbboU; St, Uichael, Comhill, 



157'- togrr Cborleton and Unrgaret 
Wade: Muriace Ldc. (LondonX i-52. 
London, xt; Philadelphia, jq. 

Charlwood, Ch&rlewood,— 
Local, 'of Charlwood,' a parish 
in CO. Surrey, seven miles from 
RcigBte. John Cbarlewood, Charl- 
wood, or Cherlwod (d. 159a), the 
stationer and printer, secma un- 
doubtedly to have spning from 
Surrey. 'Chariewood apparently 
came from Surrey, as on Jan. 19, 
iS9r, we find him taking as an 
apprentice " Geffry Charlwood, 
son of Richard Charlwood, of Lye 
(Leigh), in the county of Surrey." 
Chariewood is a Surrey parish, 
and is not an uncommon county 
surname ' : Diet. Nat. Biog. x. lao. 

1710. HaiTied— Bdward Charlixwd 
and Bctlj Qurndl: St. Geo. Hiu. Sq. 

'' f^ - John ChBilwood and Blii. Bil- 
linnont niid.ii.3i8. 

Charman. — Occup.; v.Charcr. 

Chamodk. — Local, 'of Char- 
nock'; twotownahipeinthe parish 
of Standlsh, co. Lane, styled - 
spectivdy Chamoch Richard 
Chamock Heath. ' Stephen Char- 
nock (i6a8- 80), Puritan theologian, 
was bom in 1638, in . . . London, 
where his father, Richard Char, 
nock (a relation of the Lancashire 
family of Charnock «f Cbamock), 
was a solicitor ' ; Diet. Hat. Biog. 
X. 134. 

Robert Chamock, oTCharBocki Bainc*' 
LuicaBfaire, ii. 165. 

Eliiabeth Chinxick, of Lerland co. 
LWK^ 'iJS- Wilk at dialer (iS45-'o»). 

Hilei Chamock, of WiiasWoodboojc, 

Jaian Chamock, ofChamock Ridurd, 
i6y : ibid. (i6ji-i6soX p- 46- „ 

William Chamocke, 1581: PtbIi 
Guild RolU, p. 44. 

IfK. BapL-John, l Nicbolai Cha. 
nocie : St. Jai. Clerten«elL i. 4. 

iio6. Married— Jimca Chaniock and 
Charloil Slaclif : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 341. 

LoDdon.i; Manclialer, i; MDE (co. 

CharriDgtoa; v. Cherrington. 
Chareley, Cliealay.— Local, 
' of Chear^Iey,' a ^lage in co. 
Buckingham, three miles from 
Thame, said to be originalty Ctr- 
JicttUagh, i.e. the lee or meadow 


of Cerdic. Hy firat instance corro- 
borates this view. There can be 
doubt that Chesley, through 
Chearsley, is a variant. 

RolwrtdeCherdeile, co.Oir^ I>73. A. 
1575. Married — William ChMnlCTe 

id Ellyn Bdwajdn: St. Michael. Com- 

U. p. 11. 
iSno. — William Chaulev and Mai? 

Tsintet; St Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 4". 

MDB. (CO. Buckiucham), 5, o; Btnton 
(U.S.), o, H. 

Chcirter. — Occup. 'the chario- 
teer,' from O.F. chantt, a chatiot, 
a wagon. I suspect Carter (q, v.) 
has swallowed up all other forms ; 
V. Charioteer. One of the most 
interesting things in the study of 
English nomenclature is to note 
the existence to-day of surnames 
in the same district where ihey 
arose. It is only in cos. Cambridge 
and Hunts that Chart! ^^ 

le CharRer, co. Camb,, ihtd. 

Loncok Chaitre, co. Som*., 1 Edw. 
Ill: Kitby'sQao*, p.ii;. 


»■ SS8 . 

.. imed— George Chorlc. . . . 

Bill. Hancock : St. Geo, Han. Sq. il. igi. 

London, I ; MDB.(co. HanM],^; (co. 
Cambridge), 5; Philadelphia, 5. 

Obartwrlfl, Charters, Ohar- 
tWB, ChartToaa, Chatteris.— 

Local, ' of Cbartres,' in France. 
The variants are all of a very natural 

Richard de ChanraT, co. Devon, Hen. 
lU-Edw. \. K. 
Alan deChaftrei, CO. Hinli, 1313. A. 
John de Chatue*, co. Line, ibid. 
Ralph de Chanrea, c 130a H. 
JobuneiChanere^ 13791 P.T. Yorka. 

"^I'^A Married-Chri>io[Jier Chaiirice 
and Maty Bingham : St. Peter, Cornhill, 

ii39. Bapt— JoKph, a Chtinopher 
Chalterian, obIu : ibid. p. 88. 

itim. Married— Richaid Havwn and 
Martha CbarteriiK 1 St. UicIuieI, Cora- 
■■»>._?; 47^ 

.,„. Wmi^Maraluu'aiid Sarah 
Charters: ibid. i. 169. 


Char Cman.— Occup. The same 
■3 Cartman, a carter ; cf. Charter 
for Carter. 

Jdho Chartman, rector of Sodlaterv, 


CO. Korf., 1361 : Biomefield'a Noifolk (r. 

Gbaae.—Local, ' at the chase,' 
from re^dence in that part of the 
forest or park termed the chaae ; 
an open piece of ground for the 
herding of deer and other game ; 
cC Forest, Park, Lowndes. This 
surname has ramified strongly in 
the United States, 

rfii6. Married— John ChaH! and Hanoa 
Tailor : Si. ja*. Clerkenwell, iii. -A. 

ifi.lT- — Kiihird Oaic and Brtdgett 
Monday : St. Michael, ComhIII, p. %■}. 

174^1. Richard Chaae, rector of EOinF- 
hem, CO. Norf. : FF.^i. 7. ' 

London, 15 ; Philadelphia, 73. 

Chaser.— Occup. 'the chaser,' 
i.e. H hunter; v. Hunter. 

Bdw. Ill : Kirhy'i Qaotl p. 111. 

Chaston.- Local, ' of Caston.' 
<l.v. Ho doubt a variant, as found 
in the Norfolk and Suffolk counties. 

MDB.(co,SulTolk}, 6; London, a 

Chater, Chaytor.— (i) Offic, 
'the eschealor' (?), one who in- 
quired into escheats. Afterthedeath 
of a tenant an inquiry was made, 
and if there was failure of issue, 
the land escheated or lapsed to 
his lord. It was the same after 
attainder for treason or felony. 
Possibly Cater (q-v.\ but the above 
is almost certainly the true deriva- 
tion fv.Ciia/ in Skeat's Dictionary), 
(a) Offic. 'the chater," v. Cater; 
cf. Candler and Chandler, die. 

EKaetor. co. Oxf., 1171. A. 

■ "-^ "■ fteo.l!I- 


Ralph k Chalere, co. War*., 
Edw.l. K. 

Stephen le Chalere, CI-. . , _,.. 

^Th«nai Chetur, ™j«*, 1379: \. .. 

wiSi'e'chalnr,co.Canib.,U7S. A. 
Agne* le Camb., ibid. 


.. . .Mailha Chater: 

St. Ceo. [fan. ^. ii. nt. 

London, 8, 1 ; New York. 3, i. 

Chatman. — Occup. 'the chap- 
man '(q,v.). An American varianL 

New York, 4 ; Bo«on (U.S.), 1. 

Chattaway.— Local. ' of Chad- 
way.' This has become first Chad- 
Bway, then Chatta way; cf. Ottaway, 
Hathaway, or Greenaway for Ot- 
way, Hathway, or Grcenway. I 


fyq f /^ iin pimTH 

bave not discovered the apM. Of 
course the suffix is -way, a road. 
a path, i.e. the road leading to 
Chad's dwelling ; v. Chad. 

1667, Bapl — Soun, d John Chodwar : 
St. lu. ClnkenwcJI. 1. UOl 

■ TQi. HarriFd—William Chailwiy and 
Dorothy Clayton ; St. Geo, Han. Sq. 

iSno. — lama Davidion and Elk. 
Chadanj, ibid. 

Londoo, I ; Phtlicklpfail, I. 

Ohatteri*— Local, 'of Chat- 
teris,' a parish in the Isle of Ely, co. 
Camb. Found as Chaterich, Cha- 
teris.and Cbaterus io the Hundred 
Rolls (1373). 

Ricbard de Cbalenw to. Cunb., 1973. 

Sana de Ctulenu. co. Canb., ibid. 

London, i- 

ChattortoD.— Local ; v. Chad- 

Chatwln.— Local ; v. Chetwynd. 

Chttuoer. — Occup. 'le chaucer,' 
■ maker of chaussea, i.e. leathern 
breeches ; Latin, co/annwi. Chaa- 
cer's grandfather «aa connected 
with Ipswich (v. Diet. Nat Biog, 
>- 155)- The surname was early 
round in that district 

Roj^ Calcmre, co. Xorf, 1373. A. 

Chaunoay, Chvanay.— Local, 

' de Chauncy.' Said to have been 
an estate near Amiens. The name 
is clearly continental, and almost 
certainly Norman. Among a t>atch 
of French and Walloons who went 
out to Virginia in 1631 are found 
' Charles Chauncy, wife, and two 
children' (Holten's Emigrant Lists, 
p. 198). Chauncy has become a 
popular font-name in the United 
Stales. There are four Chauncey 
Smiths in the New York Directory. 
In England Percy and Sydney, 
both local surnames, have under- 
gone the same experience. 

Fhilip dr^ Chauncy, co. Line, Hrn. III- 
Edw.f K. 

William de Chaanci, « Chancy, co. 
Line, iin A. 

HomlridDi de Chaancj, ca Lnc, ibid. 

toaep de Channceti co. Hnnti, )U 
Edw.f R. 

Tbomo* dc Chonncer, cs. York, iliid. 

|6£<. John Chaanoyand BliLTaylDr : 
MarrlaM Alleg. (Carterhnry), p. gS. 

Chawner.— Occup. ' the cha- 
loner,' q.v. A known corruption. 

Hagh Chaa-ner, of Wigan, 1607: 
LandLBhiiT InqainL p- 70 ; 

Or, Hiich Chalknor, of Wiran, i6ia: 
ibid. p. 166: 

Or. HsKh ChaliiBer. oT Wifui, 1611 : 


1,^73. Abraliam WrnUei and Arm 

ChaMner : Haniage Lie (London), 1. 16. 

Wiiliani Chawnet, ricor oT Hurdifield, 

n<-ar MaccteiSeld, 184^ : Ean Chcifaire, 

ChaalM, CheaU, Cbeal, 
Ohe^— Local, 'de Chele* or 
' Cheles.' Cheat is a hamlet in the 
parish of Gosberton. south Line, 
three miles from Donington. 

Gilbert de Cbclr, or Chelta, or Cbeyle, 
orCheylk, co. Lint, ijtj. A. 

William de Cheyle, co. Line, Ibid. 

William de Chela, co. Salop, ibid. 

Robert de Cheles, CO. Salmi Hen. III- 
Edw. I. " 

i. Edwanl ^ 

'lei^ CO. Salop, ibid. 

1 Nrwcomen and Mary 

Chealei : Marriage Lie. (Faculty Office), 

""I'^i. John Melluih and DorothT 
Cheale: ibid. p. 163. 

CrockFord, 3, o. o, 1; London, o^ o, o, I. 
Checker.— Occu p. or offic 'the 
checker,' one who checked ac- 
counts (?) : cf. Scorer (i). More 
probably, however, a maker of 

John le Cheker, co. Soma.. 1 Bdw. Ill : 


'$*?■■ ' 

Chedzoy, Oiedaey, Chidsor, 
Chidser, Chedgoy, Chodaey.— 

Local, ' of Chcdio5.' a parish near 
Bridgewater, co. Somerset, Ched- 
gey in the London Directory is 
a very natural variant Such sur- 
names get more corrupted the 
further they wander from home. 


EdB. Ill : 


Ch«eae.— ) Nick. Probably the 
nickname of a cheese-factor or 
cheese- farmer. But I cannot speak 
ptHitively ; still, cf. Pepper. 

John Chae, ca Norf., lan. A. 

'- .mo Cheoe, CO. Salop, ibid. 

Ricardu ChcK, 1 

: P. T. Vorka 


Marriage Lie. (Londoah i. 

Sarah Harrsy; St. Ceo. Han. So. it. 30S, 
Crockford, 3; Londan.o. 

Cheeae-and-bread.— Nick, for 

one who was notoriously fond of 
bread and cheese. 

Cefiffrey Cbeeae-and-brede, CO. York). 

Cheesehotise.— Local, 'at the 
cheese -house,' the store-house for 

Adam del Chahu, co. Camb., 1173. A. 

This surname was existing in 
the 17th century: 

16A0. Married- Richard Chenu and 
Anne Hignell : St, Jol Clerkenwell, iiL 

Cheeoemaker. — Occup. 'the 

cheesemaker,' a nuker of cheeses 
(v. Cheescman). The surname does 
not seem to have lasted through 
many generations. 
Robert le ChcKmaker, CO. Line, 

r. C. R.. 1 

Edo. I. 

Cheeaeman, Cheesmiui. — 
Occup. ' the chceseman,' a maker 
or seller of cheeses ; H.E. cktst. 

John leChennan. CO. HonU, 1173. A. 

Edward CheKtnan. H. 

mi. Robert ChcvRian and Elii. Wo- 
dell : Uariiaee Lie. [London), I. 3 

167J. Bant John, i, Ptancei Cbeeie- 

man ; St. Jiu. ClerkenweU, i. i«t. 

■ TO*. Buried— William Cheeiman: St. 
John BapliM on Wallbrook, p. 105. 

London, 3, 11 ; New York, o, 6. 

CheeeemoDger. — Occup. ' a 
seller of cheeses.' 

AdamleChiioHinger. H. 

Alan le CheHnon^etc L. 

Cheeoerlght — Occup. ' the 

checsewright,' a maker of cheese. 
Wright OS a suffix was pneraUy 
associated with work in wood ; 
cf. Wheelwright, Wainwrigfat, 


wrigbt we see ■ departure from 

Wiu'i^ Chnwn^Vriind.' 

Muke ChimritEt, bo oI Mr. Chn- 
vrighi, 1&19; Si. DioiiH Backchnrcli, 
London, p. 04. 

Looddn, s. 1, o; MDR (co. (jmb.), o, 

Cheeth&m, Chetham.— Local. 
'of Cheetham' or 'Chetham,' a 
towns hipandsuburbofUanchester. 
The two Chethama recorded in the 
Diet Nat, Biog. x. ao6-7, vii. 
Humphrey Chelham (15B0-1653), 
founder of the H an ch ester Hospitiil 
and Library that bear his oaaie, 
and James Chetham (1640-99), 
writer on angling, were botb bom 
within two miles of Chetham, one 
at Cnimpeall Hall, the other at 
Smedlejr. Chetham of Chetham 
was a surname so early as Edward I 
(Baines' Lane. i. 405). 

Hcniy Chclbam. of CminpuIL (Mm- 
clwrtcrl, 1603: Wilb at Chcrtcr 11545- 
16301, p, jg. 

WillLin Chuliam, of Btakeir; (Uao- 

LanrovceChethain, afStaclipon,r59a; 

1758. Married— loirph Chnthani and 
Sidwell Comah: Si. G«. Han. Sq, i. m. 

Manchnter, 43, 3i Loadon, 4, o; PbiUb- 
dclphia, 4, a. 

ChelL— Local, 'of Chell,' a 
township in the parish of Wol- 
stanton, co. Stafford. 

1711, Married— Anhnr Gilbert and 
Anne Chell: SL Anlholin (LondOD), 
^1^- Richard Chell and France. 
Sutton -. St. G™. Han. Sq. 

CnKkf<ird,3; MDB. (cc 

afloM), 1 


Cbenery, Chlnery, Chlu- 

nery. ■ I I cannot help Ihint- 

ing this is an immigrant from (he 
Low Countries. It is found in cos. 
Norfolk and SufTolk. But it might 
easily stand for Chinbury and be 
a local English surname. 

Ralph de Chineborj, m, Noif., temp. 
i.iBo: FF, ii. tw. 

1.103. John Chen«i7« patron of Barton^ 

167s. John Clili^ry, rector of Breteo- 
I. Henry Chennerjr, mayor of Lynn 

Heoer Cbiooery: SL Cro. Ran. Sr). ii. 

London, 1, t j; MDB. <co. Soffolk\ a, 
5, o: Philadelphia, i, 1, o 

Chenevlx. 1 Mr. Lower 

says ' a Huguenot family settled 
in Ireland : one of that name was 
consecrated Bishop of Waterford 
in 1745 ' (Patr. Brit. p. 58). This 
was Richard Chenevix, son of 
Colonel Chenevix of the Guards, 
and grandson of the Rev. Philip 
Chenevix, the Protestant paalor of 
Limay, near Nantes, who settled 
in England at the time of the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes 
(Smiles, Huguenots, p. 375). His 
grand-daughter and heiress, Uele- 
slna Chenevix, married — first. 
Colonel Ralph St. George, and 
secondly, Richard Trench, brother 
of the first Lord Ashtown in the 
peerage of Ireland, by whom she 
was mother of Richard Chenevix 
Trench, archbishop of Dublin (Diet. 
NaL B- 


17J6, Mwried— Pan] 

d EJii. Deank : Si. JaL C 

el Chenei 

C;S:kfqrd (Chenevta-Treneh), 1. 

Cheaey, Cheyney, Choyne, 
Chaney, Cluiny, — Local, ' de 
Quesnay'(t). in the canton of 
Montmarlin, department of La 
Mauche, Normandy (Lower), 

Wilriam de Cheyney, co. Norf, a Hen. 
II : FF. Ji. 4M- 

Felicia deXheoy, co. Devon, » Edw. 
I. R. ' 

Philip de Chenjr, Goenrtey, ibid. 
^WaIirTdeChcnay,co. Salop, Hen. III- 

y de' Cheney. c( 

Nicholai de Cheney, ._. 

William de Cheney, co. SaH., ibid. 

1661. Thomaa Cheney (co, Saflblk) and 
Elii. CloptoB : UuTiage Atleg. (Canter- 
bury), p._5» 

iWij. diriilopbeiWllkinion and Ellen 
Chcyne : ibid. p. QO. 

Undon, J, ,r.ri^ ■ ; New York, ,0, 2. 
i,o.oiPi.akdelpbia,3.i3. 1,3,0: 

Cherrm Local, 'of Cherhill,' 

a parish in the dioc, of Salisbury and 
CO. Wilts, three miles from Calne. 
This place was (larent of an early 

David deOiurhille. CO. Devon. A. 
Adam de Churhylle, co. Devon, ibid. 
i;SS. Matried— Richard Cberrill and 
Inn Hewitt : St. Geo. Hao. Sq. ii. 13. 

C3Mrrl]]gton, Cbarrlsg- 

ton.— (i) Local, 'of Cherrington,' 
a parish in co. Warwick, four miles 
from Sbipston-upon-Stour ; (a) ' of 
Cherrington,' a township in the 
parish of Edgmond, in co, Salop; 
(3) ' of Cherington,' a parish in 
CO. Gloucester ; cf, Carrington and 
William deCberinlor, CO. Norf., TJ7<. A. 
de Cherinlon, co, Salop, ibid. 

hnmoi de CherinK 

a. Salop 

._-i.4,3; HI 
Ch«Try.— Local, ' at the cherry," 
from residence by a cherry-tree ; 

cf. Crabtree, Chestnut, Oake, Ash, 
Nash, ftc. M.E. chtty or thin. 
William Chine. CO, Derby, lajs. A. 
William Chery, C. R., 31 Hen.^fL 
IS6CJ. MarTied-William Cherve and 
Alyce Foie ; St. Michael, Cornhiil, p. lu. 



ner; St, Jaa. Clerl 

HeniyChcrry, iTDii EiclieqD 
lilion* by CDmmiHion, Cheahiic, , 

178a. Married— John Cherry and Re- 
becca HoldswiKth: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

"' Loadon, 161 New York, ij. 

ChMher, Cheohin, Chmt- 
Bhyre, Cheeshlre.— Local, 'of ' 

Cheshire'; cf. Derbyshire, Wilt- 

bid (iS45-iO»X p. ». 

iaio-;icL Tfaomaa Lan|rtoQ and Dorcas 
^hcnhire: Mairia^ Lie. (London), i. 

London, I, 14, cio: Manchester, o, «, 
,0; PhUadalphia, o, s, CM, 
Chesley.— Local ; v. Charsley. 
ChsBiiut.— Local ; v. Chestnut. 
Chesaell.— Local ; v, Cbishull. 

Local, ' of Cheshire,' 
q.v. ; a modem variant. 

1609-10. Thomas LanEton and DoTcai 
ChcHjiire:MarTia*eL*c,(London),i. jiS, Married— Jobn Cheier and Ann 
Gib) : St. Geo, Han. Sq. i. 90. 


OheBmuui. — Occup. 'the 
cheeseman,' ■ dealer in cheese ; v. 
Cheeaeman. In no way connected 
with the royal game of chest. 

1736. HuTied— Abaolem Robinaon and 
*"'- "■ : Sl AothoKn CLomJon), 

id Elii 


< Chriuophcr Rai 

"-.GeaCbir ' 


- lobn Bbteo- and A 
;i. Geo. Hu.^. !. ui. 
on. 1; HDB. <£.«!<].¥ 


Cheaeum, Cheoaon,— Local, 

' of Ctiesham,' a natural variant ; 
cf. Bamum for Bamharo. Chesham 
it a market-town and parish in co, 
Bucks, three miles from Amersham. 
Chesson is as naturally a variant 
of Chessum; cf. Ransom and Ran- 
SOD, Sansom and Samson, &c. The 
flrsi entry following either confirms 
my vicwordeiwtes a diiferent birth- 
place forChesson. Butcf. Cheston. 

L73B. — John Cbsni.. 
nrlcU : St. Uanr Aidennarv. p. 48. 
<JM- —John Hant ard Mary Chr 
Ti : Su G«. Chap. Mayfair, p. iji. 
'"illiamC. Fknrerand Hot 

Cbestera.— Local , 
' of Chester,' the capital town of 
Cheshire. Chestertb modem, and 
probablya kind of patronymic ; cf. 
Brooks, Styles, Holmes, for Brook, 
S^le,Holme,&c. Hence Williaras, 
Jones, Ac, for Williamson, John- 
son. &c. 

PctnidcCefflr'. CD. York. iiTi. A. 

William dc Cam, co. Bedr ihld. 

SvnKHi de Cbatri^ co. Derby. 10 
Edi. I. R. ' 

WtliiindeaK>tere,«o.S(HiH., i Eilir. 
Ill: Kirby'i Qaat, p. 171. 

Eiiaabet de Cheater, Ij7g ; P. T. Yorki. 

Criuiana de Chmer, 1370 : ibkt. p. iw. 

i.i;6t-i. John Gardei^ and "Anw 
Chetter : Marriiij[e Lie (London), i. jj. 

William Ch^er. o( H^wtm, near 
UiddiewicJi: Willa at Cheater (1545- 

Ha'rgaret CheMer, of Coole Lane, 
Cheiler, i6n ; ibid. (1611-v)). p. 47. 
LohIoil iS. o ; KOB. (co. cinter), 1, 
T| 3i 7 i "cir York, 10, o. 

RobuliH de CboterfiEld, 1379 : P. T, 
York*, p. 118. 

Airnen dc Cliaaturff Id, I37g: ibid. p. 41. 

UvTipool. I ; BoMon iV.S.), 1. 

diMtonnan.— Nickname, 'the 
Chester man,' one who hailed from 
Chester ; cf. Pen kelhman, found in 
the neighbourhood of Warrington. 
This surname is well known in 
the States. Adam Chesterman 
'imbarqued in the Hathew of 
London ' for St. Christophers, 
May at, 1635. He wa» nineteen 
yeara old. Probably the present 
Chcstennans are his descendants 
(v. Hotten's Lists of Emigrants, 
p. Bij. 

1771. Uarried— Malhew Ponncy nnd 

77B. ~ Geonre Goodwin and I 
nlerman; itnU p. iSi. 
Liverpool, 1 ; London, 3 1 

delpbia, S- 

Chestnut, Cheanut.— Local, 
'at the chestnut,' from residence 
hyachettnut-tree; cf. Nash. Rown- 
trce,Crabtree,Oake,&c. This sur- 
name, while very rare in England, 
has at some period crossed the 
Atlantic, and has now many repre- 

PhiUdelphia, 40, 5. 

Ch«etoa.— Local, 'of Cheshun.' 
a town in Co. Hertford, formerly 
styled Cheston ; cf. Brislow for 
Bristol, or Stopford for Stockport- 
For further informatioD, v. Notes 
and Queries, Nov, S, 1890. 

1565. ThoiDBi Chewoniie, New Coll. : 
RcC' ^niv. Oif. vol. i. pt. ii. p. n, 

iZii, BuHed— Richard CheHonc: Sl. 
Jaa. ClHkenwell, ir. 131. 

165S. — Beniamyn Cbeaton: ibid. 

London, 3 ; PbUidelphia, 5. 

Chettla, CatUs, CAttell, 
CatelL— BapL ' the son ofCbctel,' 
a weakened form of Ketel |v. 
Kettle}. A northern mythological 
name. Cf. Arkettte. 

Chetet FTiedav, a fmanan, co. Norf,, 
1087: FP. viii. .II. 

CalUe BaFjre, 00. Camb., IJ71. A. 

Jakiaoea Chetel, 1370; ibid, p. 75, 

l.sSi, Harried — Henrr Cbellle and 

JoliaiK Talbott: St. Jaa. derkeowell, 

Harirery Chettlr, orTannlm, co. Somi,, 
i6ju: Abitiact o( Somencl^ire Willi, 


; Philadelphia, 

Chet WTnd, Clutwin . — Local, 
' of Chetwyncl,' a parish in co. 
Salop, near Newport. 

'William Richard Chetwvnd, third 
ViKOanl Clielwynd (|6*> '"■770), «» 
the third »n of John Chetwynrf. . . who 
WHS youneei ton of Srr Walter Chelwyiid 

Chet*ynd.fir>i of ChetwTBd. Shropshire, 
■nd then of Ingertre ' : Diet. Nat. Bloj. 

John de CbedewiDde, co. Saico, Hen. 
IIl-Edw, I. K, ^ 

Adun de Chetewynde, col Salop, 

John de Chetevind, co. Sakip, ibid. 

The following entries practically 
prove thai Chatwin is a variant of 
Cbetwynd : 

Thomaa Cbetwen, or Chetwyn, riii : 
Rw. Univ. Oif. i. 74. 

Edward Cbrtwind, or 'Chetwine,' 
ieo6 ; ibid, vol, ii, pi. ii. p. lot. 

Wailam Chelwin, of West Kirby, 1607 : 
WillaatCbfiter (1545-1610), n. 40. 

I7,H. MuTTied-KobertNuh ind lubell 
Chetwynd: Si. Gn<. Hsn, So. i. u. 

London, i, 4 ; PhiUdelphia, a,'i. 

ChavaUer, Cavalier, Charal- 
U«T. — Offic. 'the chevalier,' a 
knight ; v. Horaeman. 

Thomai le Chevalier, co. Kent, Hen. 
III-Edw.l. K. 

Jordan le Chenter, co. Nonhampl.. 

WttlterlrChei-aler,co.Wilnii73. A. 
Ralph Chivaler, C. R, i Ed». HI. pi. L 

p.^.y'oX'V"™'^" '*^'"'' ""^ 

IC4& Thome 
to. Sorf. : FF. 

vicar of Slow, 

ilier and Uaiy Williama : St. Ceo. Hao. 

idoii, J, 4, > ; Wert Rid. Court Dir, 
>i PhiladelphLa (Chevalier), 5. 

Chew.— I.^cal, (I) 'of Chew." 
Two parishes, Chew-Hagna and 
Chew-Stoke, are situate in co. 
Somerset; (a) ' de Cheux,' a village 
near Caen, in Normandy, This 
hitter suggestion is Lowest (Pair. 



Brit. p. 59>. Of course (i) i: 
natural derivation of most of the 
representatives of this surname, II 
has ramified strongly in America, 
John Chew settled in Virginia as 
early as 1604 (v. Holten's Lists of 
Emigrants, p, 337). 

iwi, Rnbcrt Cbrw, of Billinjton 
Willi aL Cherter(iu5-ilS»), p. 40. 

161H, Marriert— Theodore flanley and 
Jbiw CliRM : Si. Ju Clnkcnwcll, ili, 17. 

1611. Roger Chew, of Moltram : WilL 
at CbeRer (i545-i6»), p. 40. 

1667. Thomu Chew, of WaodpEomp- 
ton: Wllliat Richmood^. 64. 

i}66. Married- John Okv and Jane 
Gilfbrd : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. i. lA 

London, 4 : MutcheMer, 1 ; llDB. (co. 
CbeRcrX 1; Philaddpliia, 49- 

Gta07tie.Che7neT.— Local; v. 

ChiohMter.— Local, <of Chi- 
chester,' a city and market-town in 
the CO. of Sussex. This sumime 
has crossed the Atlantic, and is well 
represented in the States; rare in 

i^i. John ChecheKer teo. Devon), 
Enter CoIL : Ret, Univ. Oif. toI. ii. 

Cbiok.— Hidt. 'the chick'; v. 

Waller CMhe, eo. Oif , iiji. A. 

Thonu* Chik^ «. Sann., i Bdv. Ill : 
Kirbr'aQnnt, 11.140. 

Roben ChkEe, co. Soni., 15S6 : Reg, 
Univ. Oif. vol. ii. pi, ii. p. ly, 

1601. BapC.~Edilh Chictie. repntal d, 
of John Loddon : Reg. Stoonoo, co. 
Wilt., p. J. ' ^ 

1803. MuriHi— laub Cbidc and Elii. 
Fidler ; St. Geo. Hnn Sq. ii. 181. 

Loadon. 10; MDELtco, Soou.), 8: 
Bo«on (lf.S.X 36. 

Cbloldn.— Nick. ' the chicken '; 
cC Henn, Cock, &c. ■ Chcyn, 
fmUus': Prompt Parv, 

Sin Cbikin, tv. Canb., 117:1. A. 
Hip Chikin. ro. Cunti., [bid. 
Rogh Chvken, Fine* Ri^l, 1 1 Edw. I, 
i6n. Bapt—Muy. dJ(An Chickin: 
St. Jm. Clrrkenwel!, L 176. 

' JoMDh Chickin uited br New England 
in i6]<l - Hotten's Liilt of Emigrant., 

I fear this stirname is extinct in 
England, but it survives in the 
BoKon (U.S.X 1. 


Chidley, ChWlow. — Local, 
' of Chidlow,' a township in the 
pariah of Halpas, co, Chester. 

'In memory of John Chidlow, reclov 
of Hobbira, who d^ Dec 14. 1653': 
SiKland Ch., co. Noif. : FF. i. iSo. 

l8oi. Married— Jooeph Wood and Mary 
Chidlaw : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ii, «(. 

SuuDeiCooperand Ann Chidlow: 

Ibid- p, inj. 

Thonia* Chidle;' and Eiii. Far- 

hnr: ibid. p. 189. 

Loodon. 7, o 1 MDB. (ca Salop), 5. i. 

Chifbaoe, Chlfflneli.— Nick. ; 
see Chaffinch. 

Chlloott, Chllootte.— Local, 
' of Chitcote, ' a chapelry i n the parish 
of Burton- upon-Trent, co. Deri^y. 

Gilbert de Childecoce, co. Soma.. 
Edw, lit : Kirby'i Qu«[, p. 960. 

1601. John Glllett and Fnnc 
eon, tmbv : Usniflge Uc. (1, 

1694. BapL— Sarah, d. Jane* Chilcot 

irgi. Mairied— JohnChihw and MwJ 
Williami: St.Geo. Han.Sq. ium, 

179S' *~ ThoniBi Cbikott and Sarah 
&DW : ibid, 140. 

l.ondon, j, o ; Philadelphia, >. i. 

Clilld. Ctallde, ChUdo, 
Chllea.— Nick, or offlc. 'the child.' 
Perhaps the eldest son, the heir 
(v. Eyre and Ayre]. Hence Childe 
Harold simply revives the ' Chjlde 
Water*,' ' Childe Rolands,' or 
'Childe Thopas's,' of mediaeval 
days. It is somewhat hard to fix 
the sense of Child in nomenclature. 
It evidently means a page occasion- 
ally. In the MorteArthure mention 
is made of a youth named ' Chaate- 
layne, • chyldc of the Kynges 
Cham byre.' 

WUiiam le Child, C. R., 11 Edw. I. 

Godwin Child, co. Bcrka, Hen. III- 

le Child 

0. Camb., 

s>- ■ 

Waller le Child, _._ 

jDbnkChild,CD.Snsaei,iuEdw.I. R. 
Roberta* Childe, 1:179: P.T. Yorka. 

'Suna Child', 1170: >hid. p. 59. 

1639. UuTie<l~K6ben Childe and Ann 
Leytoo : Si. Aniholin (London), p. 7>. 
The form Childs and the cor- 

ipted Chiles seem to represent 
the patronymic i, as in Jones, 
Williams, Simmonds, Sec. Lower 
says,' InDoinesday the epithet Gild 
or Cilt is applied to several persons 
ofdistlnction' (Patr. BriL p. 59). 

London, 51, 1, 15, i ; PhiUdelphia, 10, 
c^5t, 1, 


Cbilderhotua.— Local, > of the 
Childerhouse.' Probably .a chil- 
dren's home or school attached 
to some monastery or church. It 
is quite dear from the evidence 
that the sumame has sprung from 
Norfolk or Suffolk. 

dr Childerbon^ Finea Roll, 19 

Bdw. L 


j.Norf ia?,i. A. 

niiiuun del Child^u, a,, ttori., iUd. 
John del Childrehui, co. Soff.. ibid. 
Rannlfdel Childrrbua, co. SnSn ibid. 
Banholomew al Childerhoww virarnT 
Lake ■ -■ - — ■ 

. : FF. \1 

, rector of StiRke)', 

Gny Childeriieue, r 
CO. Nbrf., 1413 : ibid. ii. -...^ 

1801. Marrird— Robert Cbilderhonae 
and Margarel Drory : St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

' An inqncit on the body of a nan 
named WTlliam Childerhon« wai held 
at Scaiinrouvh on Monday,' &c: Stan- 
dard, Feb. ja, 1888. 

Childera, Childreu.— Local, 

Crockfbrd, I, o ; Philadelphia, Q, i. 
CUlderotoils 1 v. Chilton. 

Children, CUldreiu.— Pro- 
bably some form of a personal 
name. Lower writes, quoting 
Ferguson, ' Probably tbe O. Germ. 
personal name Chllderutia or Hil- 
deruna ' (Patr. Brit. p. 59). 

William Children, C. R., . Edw. IV. 

T5^ Married.— Synwn Ponder and 

orny Childnn: St. Peter, Comhill, i. 

1661. Richard Children and Blii. 
vereal: Marriage Alleg, (Canterbiuy), 

1M3-4, John Childron and Sniaa 
Slretleild : ibid. p. 66. 
MOa (CO. Kent), 1. i. 

ChllUngworth.— A variant of 
Killingworth, q.v. ; cf. Church and 

ChUman, CMUmMj.— (i) 
Bipt. >the son of Childman.' 
Ckitd, with augmentative man, 
' I Bateman, Coleman, Tiddy- 
; cf. Childebert, Childebrand, 
Childeric, probably all hard form* 
of HUd, as in Hildegard, Hilde- 


brand, Hildebert, Ac (v. Yonge, 

CUldmanaiu (v^llwu araane), m. 

Muiol ChildiBu. filia, co.Cunb.. ibid. 

Alan Chilleman, Fine* Roll, II Edw. I 
(a) Bapt-'thesonofCbUmond': 
cf. Osman and Wayman for Osmund 
and Waymond. 

William ChlloDoand, to. Soma., i 
Edw.Ilt: Kirby'i Qoot, p. 147. 

Hairy ChilaiiMUide, 

{oliD CEvleiDOiide, c 

l>79^ WiUlam Holironbc aod Airiei 
Cmlaum : Marriase Lie (LondonXT 05. 

London, I, o; Crockford, i, o; Fbili- 
delphia, o, a. 

CUlBoa, Ohllderstone.— Lo- 
cal, ' of Chjlson,' a tithing in the 
nriah of Charlbury. co. Oxford. 
Thb seems to bave been originally 

RaHiulddeCliiUaloux).0ir..Ii7). A. 
John A^ ChiJdeXan, Co. Oif., lUd. 

- Uanicd-Uutin ChUdf ^ 

:kKin : St. Ceo. Hu. S , 
'ohn Witloo aodADD 

All the above references aetlli 
the origin of Cbilderstone. I 
Cbilson is not of the same family, 
it must be a variant of Jilson oi 
GilsoQ ; cf. Chubb for Jubb, &c. 
London, o, I ; Boson (U.S.), i, □. 
Chilton.— Local, ■ of Chilton. 
There are many parishes in variou; 
counties of England bearing this 


I Bdo. 

n. Sq. L »o;. 
I Add ChUly- 

9. Sak.! 


Chinuwy. — Local, 'al 
limney'; O.F. cMtmiiiif. 
JoJia ife la ChiniTiK, GO. York, 1 


Ching, Chlnn , Sblim— Local , 

' al the chine,' from residence 
hereby. A chioe was a crevice 
3r chasm; cf. BUck Gang Chine, 
irShanklin Chine. IntheH.E.D. 
ire such variants as Chyne, 
Chynne, Chinne, or Chin (v. Chine, 
The^ in Ching is evidently 
■rescence ; cf. Jennings for 

H™ry de Chine, co. Cionb., 
Joho thmne, to. Hnnu, ibit 
ito.t. HaTTicd _ Chsrla C 

1373- A. 

iUd. a. _.,^ 

Loodon. 1. 1,3; HDB.(co.Canib.),at 
i^ 3 : BoBon (SUdo), I. 

Clilpinftii. — Occup. 'the chap- 
man,' q.v. A variant still common 
in America, and which we fini" 
English documents of the 14th 
as late as the 17th and i8lh 

I Bdir. Ill 


dale in which stands the village of 
Chipping, on the north-eastern 
confines of Lancashire. An old- 
established family of Chipplndall 
still has representatives m the 
town of Lancaster. Although the 
furniture- maker, Thomas Chippen- 
tale, was a native of Worcester- 
ihire, his progenitors must have 
worked down' from Lancaster- 
There can be no doubt about his 
descent. Lying on the confines of 
Yorkshire we find the earliest 
instance in that county : 

Ricardu Chlpyndale, ing ; P. T. 
Yorki p, igi. 

1614. William Chlppendall, of GnH- 
infham : Laacubire Willi pnned at 
Richmond, p. 6(. 

1619. Edward Chippnidalc.orClaiigh- 
ton. imtun wtbsUr: ibid. 
167^ Robot Cblpiiingdale, of Claagh- 

All Ihesedwelt in the neighbour- 
hood of Lancaster. 
London, i, 3, u; Crockfonl. 

flat Riding Court '"- - - - - 


a lUry 

Robert de Chilleiaa co. Kent, Hen. 
m-Edw.l. K. 

Chilton seems to bav^ been in- 
troduced into America from the 

Kentish family. 
1^86-7. Bapt. — mb^n,' d. JaDia 

Chilton ! S(. PanJ's, Cantetlmry. 
i.fW. — [nele,d. Jamn.Chirioo: Ibid, 
This James Chilton ..was one of 

the Pilgrim Fathers : v. N. and Q., 

March 1, 1690, p. 166. 

loho Chlpraan, co. Son 

Marye Cbipmaai St. Jaj 

179^ — John Hanipg< 
Chtpnuu : Si. Ceo. Hu. 

BbrtoD (U,5^, 11. 

Chipp.— Local, < at the Cheap,' 
i.e. the market-place, from residenci 
therein; cf. Cheapside and East' 
cheap. Possibly, however, a per, 
Bonal nam: ; cf. the dim. Cbipet : 

Roger Chipet, co. Somin I Gdmr. Ill ; 
Kiib/i Qoe«, p. aao. 

This is somewhat strong evidence 
in favour of a fontal origin, 

John Cbip. co. Somi., 1 Edw. Ill: 
Kirby'i Qiiat, p. 19a. 

With this cf. the Somersetshire 
Chisman foe Cheescman ; also cf. 
Chipman (q.v.) for Chepman, or 
Chapman, in the same county. 

Oliver Chyppr, oc Cbcpe, 1531 ; Reg. 
Univ. Oif. p. 164- 

i6kx UaiTied — Richard Chypp and 
Ellin Charch: St, Prtcr, Comhill.p. >.^a 

1767. .— William Slaiij[hter add Add 


d. Bdward 

__ ,_. Clerkenwell, i. aj. 

London, 6; Fhiladelpbia, i; Boaton 

(U.S.). . ; New Yorl 


Chlpp«ndsl«, Chlpplndala, 
Ohlppliidall.-'Local, ' of Chip- 
pingdale,' or 'Chippendale,' the 


CUpidn> CUpuL— Local, ■ of 
Chipping,' anciently Chepin, a 
village and parish in the arch- 
deaconry of Lancaster; v. Chip- 

Jolin de Chepyn, CO. Laoc la Edw. 
Ilh Baiae*- Lanc?,i. <». 

Agnet itCl'JVr', >379i P.T.Yorkl. 

HacQta Cbybyn, 1379 : Ibid. p. 41. 

Ite^. MarTfed— Thomaa ChlMiiB and 
Uajtlu GoodiDg: 8l Hichad, Conblll, 

LoadOB. a, a \ Mew York, 04 1. 

CblBholm, Chlsolm, Chisom, 
Ohlaam.— Local, * of Chisholm,' 
1 cannot find the spot, but -helm, 
the suf&x, means an islet in a 
stream, and the affix is found in 
such places as Chiswick, Great 
and Little Chishall, &C. Lower 
says the prefix chis is eisU, gravel. 
Thus Chisholm would mean an 
islet with a gravel soil. The aur- 
name has been long settled in the 
Highlands of Scotland. 

1798. Married— John Bumlland Elii. 
ChiiVolm : Si. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 176. 

Londoo, 1.0.0, 0. (ChiBho^ni), 1 ; New 
York,_4, J, o, o; Boalon (U.S.), 38, o^ 
o, I ; FhiUdelphia (Chiwwi), i, 

Chlshull, CbMMlL— Local, < of 
Chishall,' two parishes in co. Essex. 



'John ChUiDll (d. iiSoX 
Londpik wmt prnnibtv bom — — _ _ 
in the TilUn of Chidull > : Diet. NaL 
Biog. X. »64. 

He was also known u John de 
Chishull ; v. Lewis's Top. Diet. 
Engluid, I 595. Also as John dc 
Chisil, V. FF. vii. 6a. 

Wlllian deChiriiill,Eo. Camb., 117^ A. 

John de Chlahotl, cck Cuob., » Edw. 

iari : UnrriaEE Lie. (Londoc), i. 1 14. 

iSoa. Married— Gfom William Clini- 
■ell and Sarah WiEhlman : SL Ceo. Hu. 

L<mdDn, 1)4 

CIlialett,CtalMlett.~ Local.' of 
Chislet,' a parish in co. Kent, seven 
miles from Canterbury. 

1581-1. Thomaa Chiilet, eo. Soma. : 
Re[. L'nir. Oirf. vol. ii. n. iL p. 1 17. 

Itel. WilKam ChiilEtt and Etnma 
Barlov : Uanian Lie (London), i. »i. 

i6j9. Rmnrtl Chidett; CaL <d WlUi 
in Coart tt HaitiM (1). 

London, 4^ o { (nford, I, I. 

ChlamaiL^ — Occup. 'the cheese- 
man' (v. Cheeseman), An old 
variant of the West country. 

Adam If Chiunaa, co. Soma., i Edw. 
Ill : Kirbv'i Qbcm, a. 181. 

Alicia Cbiiman, ca Somi^ I Bdw. til ; 

William CiiiHDBn, tfio6: St. DionI* 
Backchnreh (London), £ ij. 

I T4& MarriEd— John Rnmaev and Ann 
Chlnani Rc^. Stonnon, co. Wiii^ 

'''Loodon, I ; UDB. (en. WUu), 1. 

Ohlmall, ChimelL — Local, 
' of Chisnall,' dow a farm-bouse in 
the township of Coppuil, in the 
parish of Standish, co. Lane. 

'Bdwaid Chiienhale, or CMnnhaU 
(dinliAjj)). hiHorian, wa>lbeeldeirtK« 
of Ednnl Chiaenhall, Eaq., of Chiihen- 
halL Lancailiin': Diet. Nat. Bioir. 1. im- 

Siiwiinl Chiacnhall. of ChigcnhBO^ 
1616 : Bainn' Lane. (CnwtonX p. 304. 

Brran Chitnall, 1649 : Preaton Galid 
Rolh p. 109. 

Ali<x Chunalt, of ChianalL nidew, 
1607: Wiiiiat C(iFaer(iU5-i^),P-4(L 

Hampbnr Chiniali, oT Coppall, i6io : 

Hanebeiter, J, o; LiTerpool, 2, j; 

ChlttoPlltie.— Nick, 'the chit- 
terling,'a dim. oftAi'/, alittle child; 
V. Cbitty. ' A small child is caLed 
a thiHtHing in Cotton's Works, ed. 

Rlehard CbiterlinE, CO. Won., U73. A. 


Cbittock, ChltUok.— t Nick. 
the babyfaced'Ct). Probably a 
dim. of diit (v. Chitty and Chitter- 

ling), formed likeiHltoiA.alittle bull. 

WariD Chittoc, co. Hnota, 1371. A. 

R(^r Chilli CD. Hnnu. ibitr 

4^ John ^- ■ ■ ■* 
cich : PR iv. 

iSoe. — Jnlin Chiitock and Harriot 
.ync: iliid. ii. »«. 
Xondon, i, i ; FtiiiadclpfaiB, o, 8. 
Chitty. — Nick, 'chitty'; cf 
chilty.faced, 1 e. baby-heed. In 
FumesB the small tender twigs or 
shoots are commonly known as 
dials. We still call a young and 
somewhat forward child a chit. 
Chit is strictly a young sprout ; v. 
Chitteriing. Possibly the first 
refer to this word. 

?,ff- '"'»'■ 

HBH., ■ Edw. Ill : 

— , w. ,. mtrcAtmt, 1667; 

St. Peter Comhiil. p. 87. 

1790, Man-in] — Chulei Chilly and 
UulhaLaevall: Sl Geo, Han. Sq. iL 17. 

LondonTf: Boalon (U.S.), 1. 

OilTell, Bho-reL— Nick. Fr. 
cMrval, ■ hor^c. There can be no 

doubt that Shovel is an imitative 

Oiben Chmll. co, Bocki, itjt. A, 
Rover Chevall, co. Bueki, ibid. 
161B. William Cbevall and Maiy 
Wheeler : Marriajce Lie (London), 

ITH. Uarrifd— Daniel Chivell and Ann 
IMl : St. Ceo. Chap, Miyi^ir, p. igi. 
'753-. -7 Thomoi Shovel] and Jane 

Choice, Choyoe.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Joyce,' q.v. This sharpened 
form is not uncommon ; cf. Chubb 
for Jubb, or Chatland for Jalland. 
That this is the true derivation of 
Choice there can be little doubt. 

Steven ChoyK 1614; Reg. Sl. llaij 
Aldennwj (London), p. it. 

1794. Harried -William Choice and 
Catherine Coirell : Sl. Ceo. Han. " 

Loodoa, >,o; IIDB. (ea LelcaHo), 


Cholmalej, Cholinoiideley, 
Chumley.— Local, (i) 'of Chok 
mondelcy,' a township In the 
parish of Matpaa, co. Chester, pro- 
nounced Chumley ; (3) 'of Chulm- 
leigh,' a parish in co. Devon, 
twenty-one miles from Exeter. It 
is probable that in the south of 
England, Cholmeley and Chumley 
represent the Devonshire parish. 

1566-7. Thoma. Cholmeley and Doro- 
thy Bedlc: Hani a^re Lie (London), p. ^s- 

Kichard Cholmondelcj, of Bcclcnon, 
15M: WiliiatCh=iletlis4j-i6io),n,+o. 

i6s6. Bapt.—Edward, •.HcsfyChoni- 
ley, apiUlHotry. St Dionii Bickcburch, 

^'16^ Baried - William .Ctaombley : 

16^ — Suianna Cbamblr, widow: 
ibid. p. 3^6, 

1716. lion 
Alice Todd : 

Chopping. — T BapL 'the son 
of Chopin,' one of the many per- 
sonal names ending in ittg; v. 
Browning or Harding. 

John Chopyn, co. Soma., 1 Edv. Ill : 

tji* Hojried— "^ederic Choppin and 
Suaona Sophia BiMhopp : St. Ceo. Kan. 
Sq. i.3^ 

17S9. -- WHUam WitooD and Ann 
Choppinc : ibid, ii, 09. 

Chorl«y.— Local, ' of Chorley,' 
townships in cos. Lancaster and 

Brideel Chorley, of Choriey, 1 

— -'C;sM-6.-- - 


: ibid. 

Chorl ton.— Local, 'of Chorl- 

lon,' chapelrics and townships in 
cos, Lancaster, Chester, and Staf- 
ford : V. Charlton for father eariy 

At»n de Chrrlefon, co,' Som>,, I Edw. 
HI : Kirby'iQueal, p. IJ7. 

i.i|87. Richard Charlton, of Chorllon: 
Will.alCh««-,, i,4o.^ 

160J. John Chorllon, of Uanchetter: 

UancheilFr, 15; Philidclpbia. 4, 
Chown, Chowne.— Bapt.' the 
son of Chun." Probably the same 
as Chuon (v. Chuonmund, Yonge, 

ii. 4n). 

Chnn Uenyn, co. Camb.. 1373, A. 
Chon Fimme, eo. Comb., ibid. 
Chun Pinw, co. Camb,, ibid. 
William Chaan, ca. Line, ibid. 


-, 1.179: P. T. Voriu. 



Since writing the above I have 
come across the TollDwing strongly 
corroborative evidence 

: Rtg. Univ. 

- Chnn 

1596. Fra. 
Chrim Churc 

It may be looked upon as certain 
that Chown and Chowne repre- 
sent the old personal name Chun. 

Foice; Marringe AlleK. (Canltrbory), 

[91. HamkU Chiiitlan and Mirgaret 

nor : MftTTiaee I^c ^I-ondtm), i. 191. 
156, Married — Edward Chrialean and 


ion (tl.S.), 1, Q 

Chrimes. — Bapt. ' the son of 
Grim,' v. Grimes, of which I doubt 
not it is a corruption. G and C 
constantly change places in English 

Gamel and Cammel, Gandelyn 
and Candlin, Sec. Chrimes is 
found chiefly in the district where 
Grim was ramiliar. That Grim was 
a Cheshire personal nain« we know 
from the fact that Grimsditch is a 
place in that county, whence has 
sprung the surname. In the 
Hodern Domesday Book (1675) 
we find in the same county four 
Chrimes and two Grimes. 

Thomaa Crimes, of Nelhet Whitley, 
1616: ■WiilialChe«I« (1545-1610), r J7- 
WUIiam Crimei, of Sandiway, 1618: 

Edward Crime*, of Kin(;iley, co. Che*., 
1648 : ibid, (1&11-50), p. 35. 

Towards the dose of the 17th 
cenluty the spelling becami 

Robeit Chrimes of Goradck: Willi 
at ChHter (1681-17013, p. 51. 

London. 1 ; Weit fcj. Cnort 1 
Manthesler. 1 \ Bonan (U.S.), 3. 
Chrlstltui. — Bapt, 'the i 
Christian,' afamiliar North-English 
font'oame, though not wholly 
fined to the North; generally 
feminine; v. Christie and Chris, 
tison. The A throughout all thesi 

London, 11 ; Hiiladelphia, 4>. 

ChrlBtl&lldoiil..— N ick . W ill iam 
Criatendome, clerk (Close Roll, 13 
Ric II. pL ii). A.S. Cfist, not 
Latin Christ. 

Thomas Kyrysteodome, cJisvr, 1379: 
P. T. YorliB. p. s7a 

ChTlBtio, Chrirty, Chry»tlB. 

— (i) Bapt. 'the son of Christian,' 
from niclt. Christie. Christie and 
Christy are all but invariably 
North English or Border sur- 
names. Christian being a former 
Tavourite font-name in those dis- 
tricts. Itisslillapopulargirl'aname 
in the Scottish Lowlands. Former- 
ly it was common to both sexes. 
IMiiiMie Greme, 15S1: NicolBm and 
m, Hnt. Weaun. and Camb., voL 1. p. 

i^KriKie HallidajF, 1601 : iUd. p. ciiL 

Chri«ie Wliiiii, t6ot : ibid. 

(a) Bapt. ' the son of Christo- 
pher,' from nick, Christie. Occa- 
sionally' used in the Border dis- 
trict, but (i) more generally. 

'ChriatoFlKr Arms 

[7 Hen. Vt. 

Christmaa, ChrUmas. — 
Bapt. ' the son of Christmas,' so 
culled because bom at that season ; 
cf. Candlemass, Nowell, Noel, 
Pentecost, Park, &c. 

leWeydBT, FiiKiRoll,iI 

£d», I. 



Agnex fil, CriKine, co. Camb,, ibid. 
'■^— "riitian, co. Soma,, ibiA 

I Alaync, CO. BdcIu, itrid. 

le Lyllster, 1379 ; P. T. Yoi 

inofMSi TTf. p. 
Chrtite Irwen. a^ 


London, 17, 6, o; Philadelphia, iS, 

ChrfBtlaon. — (0 Bapt. 'the 
son of Christian,* from nick. Chris- 
tie, q.v.; sometimes an abbreviation 
of the fuller Chrislii 
>hn HI Crii 

It fiL Crii 


■ 1379: P- T. 

(a) Bapt, 'the son of Christopher,' 
from the nick. Christie, q.v. 

Msigaret CryBtorMn, of Hind ley, 
Budmi. isg' : Wills ai Chester (1545- 

' EinSod.^i ; New York, 11. 

Christman, Christmann, 
Chrism on. —Bapt. ' the son ol 

Christman,' seemingly equivalent 
to Christian, once a popular per- 
sonal name. I do not think Cbrisl- 
man wasvver in use at the font in 
England. It is a German importa- 
tion. In America the """ 


K, CO. EiKa, TUd. 
o. Camb., ibid. 

LoDdon, 17, o ; Philadelphia, i, a 

Chriotoplior , Chrlstopbenon. 
Chrlstoffer, ChrtHtofferson.—- 
Bapt ' the son of Christopher' I 
have been told that all who bear 
the somewhat rare name of Chris- 
topherson bail from Furness, in 
North Lane. Anyway it is a 
~ «, and owes its origin to the 
treacherous sands of Morecombe . 
and Duddon. The legend of St. 
Christopher is that he found an 
occupation in guiding passengers 
across a wide stream. One nighl 
he bare unawares the child Christ, 
and was about to sink under an 
ever-increasing weight, when the 
Saviour said, ' Thou bearest Him 
who beareth the sins of the 
worid.' No doubt there wouldbea 
shrine to the Saint for belated tra- 
vellers on Chapel Isle, opposite 
Conisbead Priory. Many a babe 
would be dedicated to him in 
gratitude for some hairbreadth 
escape his father had eiperienced. 
As a font-name Christopher is still 
extremely popular throughout 
Furness. Christopherson also re- 

' John ChriMophenon (d. if 5S\ biihop of 
Chfcbeiler, wn bom 01 Ulveiwoo, in 
Fumen ' ; D icl. Nat. Biog. ». 393. 

Christopher, whether as font- 


Rog«nu CriatoTore, 1379 r ibid, 

I54j. MoTTJed — ChnMopliet Fell and 

Jowt Cuoa : Si- Mary, UlverKon, 

— — Laimnce Fvke and Aj(iie> 
ChrlstaferKHi : Ibid. 
Iu6. Buried >- John Chrittophonor 

' — — ClirlttoplMrScaJa 

MDB. (CO. Lancaater), a 6, q, o; 
London. 6, 3. I, D ; BoMon lU.S.1, 13, o, 

Christpanny. — Kick. ; cf. 
KoEcr Cilitnpenji, Cloae Roll. 57 

ChnBtuahelp.— ) Nick. 

n Criniubeipe, CloK Roll, 39 

'of Cristall.' I cannot find the 
spot, but Yorkshire seems to bave 
been the home of the surname, 
and probably the spot itself is to be 
found in that county, 
RobritB* de Cmtall, 1379: P. T. 

T790. Married — Jobii DebenRT and 
Mary Ciyilal: St Geo. Han. Sq. ii, iS. 

MDE (CO. Samy), o, 1 1 Pbiladdphia, 

Chubb. — Bapt. 'the son of 
Jubb ■ (i.e. Job). The old form of 
Job was Jnbb, q.v. It was espe- 
cially popular in Yorkshire, as a 
reference to Poll Tax of 1379 fully 
proves. There are twelve Jubbs 
in the W. Rid. Court Directory 
(1867), This Jubb WM sharpened 
into Cbubb. 

'WilHam Orabbe* (d. 1505), Mialeror 
Jesu Collcfn, Cambridge twhoK name 
■a riven in tlieHiatQry of Framlinirhain 
aaXlinbUB,iDbblK CIwUb, or jiibbgl 
vu bom at whilb;, and wu «fncu«l 
at ftmbroke Colleee, Cambridite, wliere 
ht took Ilia fim dcfm in 1465 ' : Diet. 
Nat. Bioe. 1. 198. 

This is one more instance of 
supposed fisb-names not being 
what they seem ; cC Salmon, Tur- 
bott, Spratt,&c. 

Adam Cbsbbo, eo. Sonu., t Ed*. Ill : 

AltiB Oiablf co.'SDau, I Bdw. Ill : 
iUL p. 196. 

A nearer approach to modern 
Job is fouud in the same record : 

Robert Chobbe, eaSom*., 1 Edw. Ill 
Kirby'a Qatat. p. 14a. 

Alicia Cbobbe, cu. Soma., I BdW. HI . 

Tolin Clinbb, lemp. Elil. Z. 

IsabeU Chubb, ibid. 
Oimund Chubbe, np. for BA., 1531 : 
Rii, L'niv. Orf. i. ia6. 
J^linCliiib,inp.(orB,A., IJJ4-5; ibid. 

London, 13; Fhiladdi^la. 7. 
Chuffer. — Nick, 'a miser,' 
Towneley Mysteries, p. ai6; cf. 
Pennyfather(v. Halliwell). 

Simon leChaffere, 1376. A. 

Rogeiua ChulTer, 1379 : P. T. Yorki. 
p. 101, 

Ch.1im]«f. — Local; v. Cholme- 

Churota.— Local, ' at the church ' 
(cf. Kirk), from residence beside 
the church porch orgate; v. Kirkus. 

Jubn atte Chnrclie, co. Soma., I Edw. 
Ill; Kiibya Qneat. p. 8j. 

Robert itteChyrcSe, co. Norf.,ia73. A. 

Stephen Church, co. Kent, 30 Edw. 

' John Attfrcherdi, rector of Metton, eo. 

'liam Atlechr 
1: ibid.vii. II-.. 

L Bapt— Elii,d.RichardChnrch: 
'"-'^— -™l?, i.30. 

Bondoclie and KalhcHne 

issi- ^p^-;;,^^ f 


ChuToholerk. — Official, ' the 
church clerk.' 

Walter le Churdieelerk, temp. 130a. M. 

Churohdoor.— Local, 'at the 
church door,' from residence 

Reginald atte Cfanrcbedoor, temp. 

100. M. 

Churcher. — (i) Local, ' at the 
churchyard,' from residence there- 
by, A corruption of Churchyard, 
q.v. (a) Local, 'at the churcb- 
hay,' from residence thereby (v. 
Churchey),a corruption. There is 
□ot the slightest evidence that I can 
find in favour of Lower's view that 
Churcher is the same as Church- 
: who had care of a church, 
ihn Charchearde (i.e. Chnrch- 
raiii^ OT Cliureherd, or Chyrchar, asp. 
for B.A. -. Rt[. L'nir. 0»f. k. oj. 

D. Marned — Bverard Cluucber 


and Mary Rankin : St. Geo. Chap. Uay- 

17^ Married— Jane* Charoiaa and 
Jane llhiircher : St. Geo. Kan. Sq. L 140. 
Umdop,.11 MDB.(co.HanU^4. 

Oiturohes, ChurdiiB, Chur- 
ohuB. — Local, 'at the church- 
house,' i.e. the parsonage; cf. 
Kirkus for Kirk-housc. See also 

HUB. (m. Samcnel), 13, 3, t. 

Oiurcbey. — Local, 'at the 
church-bay ' (v. Hay), i.e. resident 

within the church enclosure, 
William ate Chnrdhehayi^, co. Oaf., 

kobertalteChnrchcy, co. York. W. 11. 

Peter alle ChnicheSey, eo. Soma., 1 
Edw. HI : Kirby'a Qaest, p. 106. 

Richard in the CBurclieyF^ co. Soma.. 
I Edw. nil ibid. p. ug. 

i643'3. Robert Analn and Ann 
Chnrchey: Uairiage Lie (London), 

Churchgtite.— Local, 'at the 
church-gate,' from residence there- 
by— yate for gale; cf. Yates. 

Chriatiana attc-Chircheyate. J. 

Robert atte Chirchyate, temp. 1300. M. 

133K. John d= Ch=,chegatc, rector of 
himpling, CO. Norf. : FP7i. 154. 

ChurohlU.— -Loc. 'ofChurchiU,' 
parishes in diocs. of Bath and 
Wells, Glouc. and Bristol, Oxford, 
ind Worcester, 

Richard de Chnrchnlle, co. Soma.. 

Nicholaa dc ChnichhuU, co. Soma., 1 
Edw. Ill ; Kirby'a OuMt, p. 136. 

1599. Edward Goodyer and Alice 
'~hurchiil (co. Donet)t Marriage Lie. 

-ondanl i. a(ia. 

17J1. Uarried .— Comeliua Alien and 

nn Churchill : St. Geo. Han. Sq. L 45. 

London, 16; Bo«on(U.S), 70. 

Churohmftu. — Official, ' the 
churchman,' the custodian or 
keeper of a church ; v. Kirkmao for 
several instances. It is interest- 
that Churchman first 
appears in Cambridgeshire. In 
the neighbourioK counties it still 

John Charcbman, co. Soma., t Edw. 
II T Kirby'a Q--— - "- 

■a Queal, n. S). 

le Chercbcnian, co. Camb.. 

illiam le Cbcrcheman, co. Camb,, 




Nevertheless the followi n g en tries 
prove Ctackson to be occuioaally 
• """ant of ClaxCon r 

. Ban.— John. s. Ti«n and EUnbeth 

m ; St. riu. CleAmwel], i, 141. 

1071;. —William, & Jnhaind BHubeth 

mi. Uilnicd-Jcii'n Clack and Ann 
JetfAia : St. Geo. Han. Sq. <. 137. 
iTTg. — John Sdcn aod DonMby 
hrknr : iiid 186. 

Cladlsh.— A variant of Glad- 
dish, q.v. ; cf. Crane, Cixich, 
Candlin, and Cammel, all with 
initial G originally. The surname 
is found in co. Kent, which is also 
the home of Gladdi^ 

UDB. (CD. Kenl), 4- 

Olagatt, CORSgltt— t . 

Lowersays, ' Cleggett, or Claggett, 
perhaps for Cleygate, a manor in 
Surrey' (Patr. BriL p. 61). This 
would be quite satisfactory if it 
was known that this Cleygate 
had given birth to a surname. 
But I cannot find it now or at any 
time in that county. There is no 
doubt that Ctagett, or Cla^tt, 
would be the natural corruption 
of sucb a name as Cleygate. 
1716. Nicholas Cla| 

W>il<amChDn:li«<>nu.,i Edw. 
Ill : Kirbr'i Qoeil. p. 37a 

1173. Ralph Cherchemsn, rector o( 
Bicdam-Well, co. Naif, t PF. vii, 19.1;. 

1569. John K*iig= and Janr Chorch. 
rnan, tfttuttr: Uairiage Oc (Lofidon), 

— Robert Grifflth and I>iony*Charch. 
man.v^w: ihid. <. 4:1. 

1700. Married — Rnbcil ChBrchmao 
and Mary Leavms ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

"'London, 1! MDB. (co, Berlu), i; co. 
SnHblk, >; miadclphia, 8. 

Churohouse. — Local, ' at the 
church-house'; v. Kirkus. 

Hanchnter, 1. 

ChuTohstile. — Local, 'at the 
church stile," from residence there- 
by ; V. Styles. 

John atie Chnr 

Churohward.— Omdal, 'the 
churchward,' a churchwarden. 
Adam Kirkenud. CO. York. W.15. 
lAndon, 1; Devon Coan Die, t 

BottoD (11.5.), I ; NcwYock, 1. 

ChuTctayard,— Local, ' at th 
churchyard.' one who lived in i 
by the precincts of the church. 

John alle Cfaircheyerde, Ooae Roll. 
to Edir. III. pi. i. 

Lanrence de Kirkeeanh, C R. 
Edw. L 

Richard Chirchenrde. Patent Roll, 
7 Hen. VII. 

Johanna atte Cyrltarth, 1379; P.' 
Howdcnihirc. p. 7, 

Adam Klrfc.j-erfc, 1379; P. T. Yofka. 

l6ot. Bnried— Geo CharchTard, ilaine ; 
St. lai. Ckrhcnwell, iv. 7^ 

1631. — Hmnpfrry Churchnrd. la 
berdailut: Sl MichuLComliin, p, 131. 

London, i ; HDB. (co. Snffolk), i. 

Churley, Churly.— Local, 'of 
Churley,' another brja of Choriey, 

Adam ChDrlen, 

III ; Kirby-a QocM, p. lo 

London, 3, 1, 

Churton.— Local, 'ofChurton,' 
(t) a township in the parish t>( 
Aldford, CO. Chester ; (a) ■ town- 
ship in the parish of Famdon, co, 
Chester; (3) a parish in co. 
Wilts, four miles from East Lav- 

Ifaiia Charton, of CbolniondeleT, 
oMrp, i6a8: Wilt* at CbeMer (i6)t 


Thonai Charion, of HaDcbsMer, inn- 

"744' 'MarriU- John Chorion and 
>nii^indow ; St Qra. Chap. Hayfair, 

London, 4 ; LiTcrpooLi 3. 
Cbute-— Local, 'of Chnte,' a 
village in co. Wilts, near Ludgcrs- 
Londoo{C0im)EKt., I ; Pliitedclphii, 4. 

Circuit.— t . Probably an 

mitative corruption. I cannot even 
suggest a derivation, 
iRin, Married — Joseph Circni 
laryWill!ann:St.Gf- "-- =- 
MDS. (CO. Eaan), 1 

Cltorer.— Offic. 

(v. Sumner). 

RidianI Citenr, Cloae Roll, 15 Edw 
III. pt. 1. 

Cltoler.— Occup, 'the ciloler, 
player on the dulcimer, a cithern 
(l^eme, Chaucer). ' Sytolyng, 
and ek harpyng,' c. 1300. K. Alix. 
1043: V. Citole and Citoler in the 

_ _ Citolv, C, R.. IS Edw, III. 

JohanKaSoBColTer, 1379: P.T.Yoriu. 

CUbon, Clabbon .Clabbnm, 
Cllbbon, CUbum, Ctabom, 
CUbbom.— Local, 'of Claybum," 
I have not identified the spot 
CUbum, a small parish six miles 
from Penrith, co. Westmoreland, 
may be the parent of Clibbon and 
Clibum, but as regards the others, 
a South -English origin seems more 

1411. Thomai Clabcyn, bailiff of Yar- 

WillUni Clajrbonic, co. Norf.. 1 Bdw. 

Thonaa Cla^home, fDayor of Lynn 

^Ki-'^Miyr^/^icybonie and Mar. 
garet Horgan : Buniagc Lie. (London). 

' " .?"*?;*<?■ 

ClaokBon, Clack.— (i) Vari- 
nts of Clarkson and Clerk, 
;.v.; (a)Clackson is sometimes a 
ariant of Clackston or Claxton, 

I7r6, Nichohu ClaggEtl, rector of 
Brideham St. Mary, ffiTHorS : FF. i. 440. 
■ 731. Miclia<iChm,reaorofPallaiD, 
~ "-----■ T.30X 

m Claggptt, rector of 
Norf.:lF>d.>lii. 143. 

...Norf.: Ih _. „ 

173& WlUiam • 
UBDilealFV, col Nor. -, ,. 

1809. Married — Maiimilivi Hidiard 
Kymer and Mary Clagctt ; St. Geo. Hon. 

IxJndoni 1, ; MDa (co, Kaaex), c^ 1 ; 

SI. Lciccater), i, o; New York, J, o; 
iiadelphia, 1,0. 

Clapbam. — Local , 'of Clapham,' 
parishes in the dices, of Ely, Roch- 
ester, Chichester, and Ripen. The 
Yorkshire Claphams have been the 
most proIiSc. The name is mani- 
festly the ham of Clap, or Clop ; v. 

Aleiaader de Clopboai, co. Kent, 


London, 8 ; WeM Rid. Cosrt Dir., I 




the genittoi 

. suffix to a loc&l sur- 
nuDe, not to a pergonal name 
as in the case of Williamson, &c 
I can only recall one otber in- 
stance, viz. Couplandson, which 

' 1 tbc Ulveraton Church 



154a B4p1, — Anwi Cawplandion : 
Ulventon Ch. p. 8. 

Claphomson has crossed the At- 
lantic and has become Claphanson. 
No doubt Norfolk was the original 
habitat of the family. 

lUT. Robert Claphannoi], licar <rf 
Kunwonh co. Noit:: FF. viii. 131. 

ifij;. Jofin Claphuiuoii, nctor of 
Caitnr, CO. Norf. : ibid. xL iij. 

1690. Samuel Clapliaiiuoii, Nonrichi 

' PhuL^pUa. o, 4. 

Cliqtp. Clftpson, ClAvlBoa^- 
— Bapt. 'the son of Clap' or 'Clop.' 
'An early Danish surname. Osgod 
Clapa was a Danish noble at the 
court of Canute. From him it is 
supposed IhatCUpham, CO. Surrey, 
where he had a country house, 
derives its name ' (Lower, quoting 
Ferguson). As Hr. Lower adds, 
no doutit such sumsmcs as Clapp 
and Clapson, and such local names 
as Clapton, Clapham, Clapcote, 
Clapperton, and CUpshaw, get their 
parentage from some early CUp. 

Ajrna C[«ppe, co. Oif, im. A. 

IKnry CJiippc, co. Orf.. iUd. 

Thomai CJobbc, co. Cunb., ibid. 

John Ctoppe, 1514: Rtj. UniT. O. 

'■ ?8m, MHTTicd - William Dana at . 
RadiClipp; Sl Geo. Hm. So. li. S35- 

LonAm, 5. i, o; MDR (EailTlid. 
Yorfci), o. a ]; (co. Line), 0^ I, o; 
Bo«oa(L'.S.J, 100,0,0. 

Clapton, CUppertoiL— Loc. 
fr) 'of Clapton,' parishes in cos. 
Cambridge, Gloucester, Middlesex, 
Northampton, and Somerset ; (a) 
'of Clopton,' in ca Suffolk, four 
miles from Woodbridge. Clapperton 
is an amplification ; cf. Greenaway 
and Ottoway for Greenway and 
Otway. The origin is plainly the 
toam of Clap or Clop ; v. Clapham 
and Clapp. 

Tbooiai de Clopton, oa. Norf, tltS 


Ccoffrer de doptone, co. Sonu,, 1 
Edw. Ill: Kiiby'i Qnen. p. 141. 

Jaliina do Clopton. CO. Csinb., 1173-A. 

William de Ctoptone, CO. Hunu, Ibid. 

JoliD de Clopton, London, ibid. 

Both Clapton and Clopton are 
found applied to the same per- 

- RoavClopton, rectorofWhinbiuv, 
Norf. : ibid. 371, 

681. Bapl. -^V-<llian). >. William 
Clopton : St. Dioili Bickchoich, p. 115. 
itSo- HjUT>ed.-Gcor»Clappatoauid 
III. Plant : St. U™. Han. Sq, i. ja. 
London, 4, j ; PfaiUdelpliid, i, o. 

, 1.01F.SS7- 
Alan fiL Clare, co. Cambi. 1373. A. 
Uabella Clare, 1379: P. T. York*. 

CUra Dfj, lija : iWd. p. 90. 
Clan SchcpBid. 137Q ' ibid. p. 44. 
160}, Married — John Sunden and 
Clan Auriance : SL Jai. Clerkeowdl, 


Inch and Clare 

(al Local, 'of Clare,' Le. CUre 
Castle, in co. Suffolk. Richard de 
Clare (d. 1090!) held no less than 
ninety-five lordships in Suffolk, all 
attached to his chief lordship of 
Clare in the same couoty (Diet. 
Nat. Biog.x. 389). Lower, quoting 
Dr. Donaldson ^Cambridge Essays, 
p. 60), says that to this family we 
owe the name of an English town, 
an Irish county, royal dukedom 
(Clarence), and a Cambridge college 
(Patr. Brit. p. 61), If by the town 
Clare Castle is referred to, surely 
this is a mistake. The family took 
their name from the place, not the 
place its name from the family. 

Braro de Clate, co. Oif, 1173. A. 

Gilbert de Clare, co. Bedf., ibid. 

RichaH de Clara, co. Somi., ibid. 

ThomH dc CUrc, co. UnC- ibid. 

WilKam de Clare, co. Noff., ibid. 

London. 14 ; Fhiladclpliia, jO. 

Claret. — Bapt. ' the son of Clare,' 
from dim. Clarot and Cloreu Fr. 
Claire ; v. Clare. 

HagoU Clatet, 1379 : P. T. Yorka. 


Willelnna Clarot, 1371) : ibid. p. S3. 
London, 3; New York, 1. 

Cl&rloe, Clarii, OlareB.— 
Bapt. 'the son of Clarice.' Once 
popular in England as a giri-oame, 

French form of Clara ; v.Claridgc. 
' Clarice of Cokkalane, 
And the clerk of the chirchc' 

VliionotPic™ Ploiiraui, S'lJ. 
■ Tho nnk Clarice 10 Blaunchelloui.* 
Florli and BlaancheQour, B. B. T. Soc. 
Clailcia la BTaceroK, cs. Suflblk, 

Al'sn Ci. Clarice, co. Cunb., Ibid. , 
John Clarice, co. BcdC. ibid. 
^'L:hani CUHne, co. Oif ibid. 

It: Kir^'aQacAp.po. 

CUriaca de Kehemcitliorp, T371 

P. T. York*, p. 88. 

1566-7. Aiihnr Browgbe and Allies 

Cl^rra 1 Harriue Lie. (Londm), 1. tc. 

, __j . _. ..„>, ^^ itentSTo, 

Philadelpiiia,' o, o, a. 

Cl&ridge, Clardge, Clar- 
rldge. — Bapt. ' the son of Clarice.' 
This derivation may be looked upon 
as satisfactory. Clarice was an cx< 
tremely popular girl's name, and 
Aldridge, Surridge, &c,, are formed 
on similar line* (v. Clarice). Since 
writing the above, my supposition 
is proved correct by two entries in 
the Hundred Rolls, obviously re- 
ferring to the same individual : 

HeniT anfiena CUricte, co. Camb, 
itn- A. Tol. IL p. 4*4. „ . 

Henry ■eirieu Claragte, co, Camb. : 
ibid. p. 43*- 

1788. Uarried-WilUam Claridge and 
Loala Carcieia: St. Gea Han. Sq. 

^7^3- " Robert Lees and Ann Clar- 

rtoo. — Jolinlowood and Uary Ann 

CUrilt : Ibid. 114. 

London, 7. o, o ; MDB. (co. Oifard). 
3, 1. o: Bowoa (C.S,), 1, o. 2; Phila- 
delpUa, 3, o, o. 

Claringbold. Cl&rabut. — 

Bapt. 'the son of Clerebold ' 
(Domesday, Clarebold, co, Suff.). 
This, like all other names with 
suffix -bold or -ialii, became Clere- 
baud, then Clerebut or Clarabut. 

RoeerClereliand, coSalopL 1173. A. 

Cl^ebald le Bnr3el, ibid. 

WUklmu fiL Clerenbald, 6 Hen. II : 
Whltaker'i CraT«Lp. 99S. 

'SabKripliaii to Keatontlon of Peler- 
bonofh Caibednl, Mm GibMo, per 


Mt. Clanbni ' : Suadanl, Aeg. i;, 1886, 
p. 7. 

Thii auroune seems to bave 
troubled the registrar: 

1711. Thomu CliuiflEboM. murled: 
Reg. CuCrrlnry Calh. p. 70, 

■735. Elinbeth Clorabait, nuuried ; 

I 17^ Ellubelb CUilngball, marTied: 

Probably this family are de- 
scended Trom William Cleribaud, 
CO. Kent, 1373, A, Cf.— 

'The following tTcntT-roor pertoin 
M'crc admilled muWn tor the Dutch— 
John Fcnvelli, . . . JoKn HynQhrllu, . . . 
Pii»™ll CUnbole.' Norwich, ij6s 1 FF. 
ill. 183. 

'Mr. H. N. CLuingbold wu Oiinl nMtr. 

B collia^'oS the coaS oTBwil'': Uu- 
cbntcr CuaiJinn, Fib. i, 1(187. 

'The Rev. 1:. B. CbrabGt, B.A., llcoued 
to St. MJEbKl and AH An^eli, Wslthiun- 

' : MaachaurCc 


Claris ; V. CUrice. 

Clark, CUrke ; v. Clerk. 

CtarkBon.— Nicic. 'the clerk's 
son,' i.e. the clergyman's son. A 
well-known Yorkshire surname, 
which has spread over the North 
ofEngtand; cf Wrighlson, Smith- 
son, Taylorson, Herdson, &c. 


1 all tl 



, co-Hnnti 1173. 
; CO. Snir,^id. 

Sicaidum ciixluon, 

'^Wiliclina KlercBD, 1370 ; lb>d 
'■ TaCleriuon, 1379: ibidp- 
'SV' John ClarUMi, vicar of Bi 

0«erey, at. Norf. : FF. " " 

t59J. John CJATUCpn, vicar ofBornhaiD 

. Han. Sq. 

'"W^ Rid. CoQtt Dir.. i*j London, 
16 1 UancbeSn, 13 j BiMtoo lU.S.), 9. 

Clfttworthy.— Local, ' of Clat- 
worthy ' ; v. Worth and Worthy, and 
cf. Langworthy, Kenworthy, &i 

1 EUa 

1 : Kirby'a QocR, p. 17S, 

168a Symm Clatwnnh> .i.u ^, 

Koniaa:UaiTiBge Alleg. (Caflterinry), 

1683. John Brooking and Elii. CkK- 


Clanghton. — Local, ' of Clangh- 
ton,' parishes in Cheshire and 
North Lane. Also Claughtoo, a 
spot that gave rise to a lo<^ family 
in the parish of Gatatong, Co. Lane. 
The ' village by the clough ' is, no 
doubt, the meaning of the word, 
so far as relates to Claughton in 
North Lancashire (Baines' Lane, 
ii. 610). The others will be simi- 
larly derived. 

Radslpliu de CUgbtno, 1379; F. T. 

Henry de Clachtoo, 1307 : Preiton 
Gnihl Rolli, p. f. 

1804. Married— Shera Heamden and 
PegKjr ClBDghton: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

Citickrard, 3 ; London, o. 
Clarar; v. Cleaver. 
ClaTiuger, Clamenger. — 

Official, 'the clavinger,' i.e. the 
mace-bearer; Latin, clamor, a dub- 
bearer. Clavinger Tor Claviger fol- 
lows the rule ; cf. messenger for 
messager. and passenger tor pas- 
sager; v. Cleaver for history of 
the word. I cannot help thinking 
Clemenger is a corruption. 

Robert Clavynter. H. 

Crockford, 6. 1. 

ClAXton.— Local, (i) 'of Claz- 
ton,' a parish in CO. Norfolk; (a) 
'of Claxton,' an ancient manor 
adjoining Greatham, co. Durham. 


Clay. — Local, 'at theclay,'rrom 
residence by a clayey spoL The 
below are decisive in 
:ct of this derivation. 

del Cl«, eo. Line, ibid. 
eJ CUv, CO. Line, ibid, 
te CJeygh, CO. Somi, , 

Agnea ad Clay. 1379; P- T. Yorlu. 
'^Johanw. del Clay. 1370 i iWd. p. 3. 
idain del Clay, .379 : P. T. iJowd™- 

I (77. BapL— ThoniaLi, Rdward Claye : 

1C83. William HilebeU and BliLChye. 

ffdan : Marriage LJc. (LondonX i. t?i- 
i^Qi. Huried — William Jonu and 
Bne CUyt^ v^dam: St. Petet, ComhiU, 

t Dir., 

— Occup. ' the clayer,' 
jrer, Cf- 'cley- 
: Prompt. Parv. 


a dauber or piast. 

Simon 1c Clayete, co. Camb., 1173. A. 

Claypol*, CUtpooI, Cl^- 
poole.— Local, 'of Claypole,* a 
parish in co. Lincoln, five miles 
from Newark, 

William de CUypol, 00, Unc. .173. A. 

Geoffrey de Cleipol, co. Lint, Hen, 
Ill-Ed*.I. K. 

William Claypole, viear of Wyken, oo. 
Norf., 13HS: FKWi. ,». 

■ 615. Married — William Cleypoole 
and Anne Fowell : Su Ja*. Clerkenwell. 

17^. — Jama Beer and Ann Clay, 
pole; St. Ceo. Han. Sq. L il>. 

MDB. (CO. Lincols), 1, o, o; Phila. 
delphio, >. 6. 4- 

CUyBon. CUuson, ClauBBon , 
ClauBsen, Clawaon.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Klaus,' i. e. Nicholas ; Ger- 
man Klaus, Dutch Klasse. The 
name was very rare in England, 
where Cote end Colin ruled 
supreme as the nicks, of Nicholas. 
Doubtless the name occasionally 
stole over from the Low Countries. 

Clay, le Taborer (minalrel K 
WanfiobeAcca "'- ' 

Henry •^■ 

ieAccounti,3Edw. IIL,,/i 

CU«on, C.R., Hen. IV. 

u— ^ird _ Samael CtayKO 

St. Ceo. Han. Sq. ii. i( 

1, 1. 1,0; New York, I 


o. 6. ^' 

Clayton.— Local, 'of Clayton." 
This would naturally be a very 
common place-name, and apart 
from small spots, liums, manois, 
&c., so entitled, we bave parishes, 
hamlets, liberties, and townships 
in cos. Stafford (a), Sussej, York 
{West Riding) (4), Lancaster (3). 
The surname is very strongly repre- 
sented in the United States. 
ScwaldeClalon, co.Heru,i»v A. 


CO. Salop, ibid. 

.0 de Cleylo'n, 
iam de Clelone, 

t.L R. 

. Lane, Hen 

Robert de Cleyton, t 
Ill-Edw. L K. 

Willelmua de ClaTtoo, nl Clayton, 

,y Google 

Sm dc Clsytmi 1 J7Q : P.T.Totki. p, ii. 
Jah&na« dc Clajton, 1379 ; ibid. 

15^ Arrhor BoarcTiyer and KAthnlnc 
Clayton : Marrisee Lie, (London), i. 45. 

1641. Barird— Aiin.d. Riclaid CWwi! 
St. PEtcr, Cotnhill, p. loS. 

London, 49; W«t Rid. Court Dir.. 
13; M«nd™i=r, 3J; Philadt' ' 

Clayvill, ClAyvllle Local, 

' de CUyville,' of French exlrac- 
lion. Id the London Direclory 
ar« found both CUvcl and Clavelte. 
(he personal names and general 
entry showing that they are 
importation. But the aum« 
is found at an early period 
England. Mr. Lowersays, 'Walter 
de Clavile was a tenant-in-chief 
in Dorset and Devon a 
day'(Patr. Brit. p. 61). 

John de Cl«vilr or Claville, co. Devon, 
M> Edit. L R. 

William de Clavyle, cu. DorM, iUd. 

PhiUddphia, 1, 4. 

Cleangrioe. Olaanhog. - 
Hick, 'dean hog,' evidently but 
half compliment; v. Grice. 

Rnirer CJfnfgrit, co. HattM, 1173. A. 

Cleasb7, Cllsby, Clisbee.- 
— Local, 'of Cleasby,' ■ parish nea 
Darlington, N.Rid.Yorka, Clisbyi 
a varianl, but like such variants i: 
found far away froiu home. In it 
own diatrict it is correctly Cleasby. 

William deC)«Fbr.«i.UiK..l,» A. 

Jobaniieid«Clab=,i379: P.t.Yorki 

iffij. PI<llipC><^r>t>re and Anne Wood: 
Marrioire Lk. (London), i. 164. 

1784. Uanied - WlUiam Clliby and 
Jane Clemenu : Sl Cm. Han. Sq. i. t66. 

London. 3, Q. o; MDB. (North Rid. 
Vorki), 11,0,0; Bouon<U.S.), o, 1, I. 

Oleather.— Local, 'ofClether,' 
a pariah seven milet from Camel- 
ford, CO. CornvnUl. 

16S4-5. Ceoree CIcMpr and Ann 
RoEen : Matringe Lk. iPaEnlty OBIce), 
p. 174. 

London, 1 ; HDB. (ca Willi), 1. 

OUat« ; V. Clive. 

OUaT«r, Claver.— Offic. 'the 
cleaver,' i. B. mace-bearer. 'Clavia, 
a mace or club, as Strjtanlia 
Oaviat i* the Seijcancy of Ibe 


ll«cc'(B«U«y). In B treaty agreed 
upon between the Kayor, Sberiflh, 
and Commonalty of Norwich in 
1414. it was declared that 'the 
Mayor and twenty- four shall 

two clavers, and eight constables ; 
and the sixty common council shall 
choose a common speaker, one 

I cUver , 
constables'; v. Brome&eld's ! 
folk. Without doubt Cleaver 
corruption of Claver. 

"'■ K.'',^,; 

9 teClarel 

John Cleaver, rector of South Creak. 
o. Norf., 1660 ; PF. vii. 83. 
William Clever. V. 6. 
i5u. BipL-John. I. Sanuell Cl( 

. (Eait Rid. Yofl 

; Philadel. 

Clegff.— Local, ' 
North- English suma 
u form of Chough, ( 

of CI egg,' 
mc. NodonI 
I break In th 

hail from Clegg, or Clegg Hall, ' 

the parish of Rochdale. 

Cl^ (without date). 

e, 1379! P.T.Yorki 

of Fieldhonsc, paridi ol 

J'"Sr'&a^-iwiilii>m BidienClejK 
Ann Tlunnai : Sl. 0:0. Han. Sq. ii. I. 
London, 6: UajicliEiIer, 4o:^en 
"■"'■—"■- -1; Philadelphia, sa. 

Local, ' of Cleg- 


horn,' ' a ph 

Loodoo, d \ Ni 

lamea Clrifaom and Blic 
Ceo. Chap. Mayfalr, p. 143. 

nr.mmiw 'P 

surname. Hr. Lower says the 
family were 'of that Ilk' in co. 

Lanark in the time of Alexander 
III (Patr. Brit. p. 61). The London 
Directory has aueh forms as 
H-Leland, H'Lellan, HacLetlan, 
McLellan, Haclclhui, and McLel- 
land. I have inserted Cleland and 
Clelland bere as they liave an 
English local appearance. 

174S-9. Jahn Cleland and JaneStnid- 
wick: Uarriage Lie. (Faculty Office), 

on, 3, o; Philadelphia, t, I; New 

Clsm, Clemla.— Bapt. ' (he son 
of Clement,' from nick. Clem, 
popularly Ctemie. The old song 
of the ' Green-gown ' mentions 

■Clem loan, .ndlKbel, 
Sbe, Ali^, and bonny Nell,' 
where it is obvious that Clem is 
feminine, representing the early 

ClMoent, Clemeataon, Clem- 
ans, ClemmiB, Clemenoe, 
ClMDanto, Clamie, ClemiteoD. 
Clemmaae, Cl«minan ta, Clem- 
mlsoa, Clemmlts, CUmoon, 
Clemenaon.— Bapt 'the son of 
Clement ' or ' Clemence,' nick. 
L, dim. Clem-et, now Clemmit. 
Common to both sexes (cf. Con- 
stant and Constance). Clement is 
a rare font-name in the 19th cen- 
tury. It was enormously popular 
in the 13th. Hence as a surname 
itself and its variants will be im- 
mortalized in our directories. 

Elulac<> Gl. Clemeot, co. OxF., 1173. A. 

Hngh Clrment, ™. Camb, ibid. 

Richard Clemency, cd. Hunti. ibid. 

Matthew Clemen*, co. Oif., ibid. 

Peter CI. Clem', co. Salop, i 

Clenwn. Janitor, ca Norf., 

Cleoteni filial Blenoe, 11 


Joharnrs Clellient, 1179 ; Ibid. II J«. 
IVlRU ClementKHL ii/q ■■ <t>id. p. 19& 
Robert Clement, 1468. W. 11. 
Roger Clempaon, temp. Eli*. Z. 



Bnrn, Hiit 

. '. 44. Q 

Wcnm. and Cnmb. i. p. xxi. 

, de Wode. et CI™™) aiat 

5(111, 137c) : p. T. Yorki. p, 80. 

Clemence Dubiihire, piridi oF Win- 
■Hck, CO. Lwic, IS}6 : WTlla at CheMcr 
;'i«-i6ioX p. JO. 

3; March' iKr^ (ilenwan. i'. Glemfa»^ 
z \ Philadelphia 44, a, 

Clemmow, Claiaoir, Clyma, 
Clymo, Clemo, Clamo.— Bapt. 
'IhcsonofCtcment' In Cornwall 
once popularly Clemow ; cC Cor- 
nish Pischo for Paschal. 

RemfrcT, Km of John CkniEnowe, 1544 ; 
R«r. St. Cohimb Maior, p. t. 

Elinbcth, d. of Jofan Clenwire, i5<d : 
ibid. p. 5- 

In other entries members at the 
same binily are entered Clemens. 

London, o, t, o, o, c^ o; Comvall 
Coflit Dir,, □, o, 5, J, o, o; ComwaJl 
Dtr.(ParTiMn' Liuj, i, 4, 3,0, >, 1. 

denoh, Cllnoh, Clynoh.- 

Jolin de U Clmchr, co, Wiltt, 1*73. A. 
S^inan Clmdic, co. SafF.. ibid. 
RichEi-d ClenchB. " " ■ " ' 
l4i. Willil ~ ' 
Clcnche : Ma 
1S84. John 

1 Siickni 
' leUc. 

zy and Dorothy 

Oondo^, J. 108. 

CiaKbe,'™. Not/.' 
: CloKh, CO. Norf.: ibid. 


.Wj. Edward Hi!. 

a>ncbe : Marriage Lie. (Londt , 

London, I, 4, o : Philadelphia, a, 3, o : 

Clendming, Clendeimiiig, 
ClendeDOD, OlandKalel (I). — 
Local, American variants of Glen- 
dinning, q.v. The change from 
initial G to C baa ever been com- 
mon in nomenclature (v. Cammel). 
Clendaniel seems to be a further 

Philadelphia, a, 9, 4, »- 

Clerk, 01erk«, CUrk, Clarke. 
— Offic. ' [he clerk,' i.e. the clergy, 
man, a clerk in holy orders. M.E. 
citri, a priett llie surname is 
now almost universally Ctark and 
Clarke, the professional form ad- 
hering to dtrk ; cC the silent agree- 
ntetit between tailor and Taylor. 
If Clark and Clarke be considered 

IS one name, they stand ninth 
among the commonest surnames 
to be found in Elngland. 
Boniface Clcticuj, CO. Line, iiTU A, 


iiClerc,w(/;i379: ibid.p. J8. 
an Clerk. 1370: Ibid. p. Si. 
'■■ k'et/obanna Hior^oh 

' Rkharde, ■. Rnmboll 

C ClerkmnTll, i. 14. 

~"Si ' 6' ■^^''^'' ^°"'° '"■^■'' 

Cleve; s. Clive, 

Clerelaiid, Cleaveland. — 

Local, ' of Cleveland,' a hamlet in 

the parish of Ormesby, co. York, 

JohBnnes de Clyrdand, 1379; P. T. 

RobertudeClvwIand.liTg: ibid. p. 46. 

IS7.1- Richard Geveland and AtTce 
Lane : Harriage Lie. (London), i. 66. 

iSoi, MatrirS — Thomaa Vickery and 
Jane Cleaveknd : St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

''London, 4,0; Boaton (1I.S,X so, 6. 

Clereley, Clevely, Cleverly, 
— Local, 'of Cleveley,' a hamlet in 
the parish of Church Enstone. co. 
Oif, Cleverly isamanifestvarianL 

John de Clyveleyc, ca Oif., lan- A. 

1611. M«ried_-S!chard cleveifey and 
EliLAdkina: 5t.JaB.CIe[kenilrell, ni. IS. 

1786, — John GatteridEC and Elii. 
Cleveley ; Si. Ceo. Hao. Sq, L (oo. 

1787. - Charlea Cleverly and Jenny 
HuUin,: ibid. i. 406. ' ' 

London, I, 1, 3 1 Philadelphia, o, o, 3, 

Clewes.— Local ; v. Clow. 
Clewle7, Clewlow, Clulee, 
CliUow, Clnley, Cluelow.— 
Local, 'of Clulow.'a locality in the 
township of Wincle, parish of 
Prestbury, co. Cheshire. From 
Clulow Cross there ia said to be a 
fine view over parts of SwfTord- 
shire and Cheshire. The surname 
has crossed the border and is well 
known in the fonner county. 

>!$■ Uarrled — Ral ~ 

t Cluk;: Reg. E 

_Jl7. '— Robert Uil 
Clakr : ibid. p. 914. 

Holt; SL Mary Aldirmary, p, ic. 

'633, — Georre Davia and BridEelt 
ChilTt: St. Jaa. C1erken.icll, tiL 64. 
_ J64S- — John Paine and Elii. Clewly : 

1717.— Thomu Cinley and Elii. Wllka : 
St, Geo. Han. Sq, i, 4. 

1804. John Clulow, town cJeik of 
Hacclesfield : Earwaker'a Eaal Cheahlre. 
ii, 468. 

'William Benton Clulow (iSai-S», 
dlnentine miniicer. vaa a native of Leek, 
Surrorddire - : Diet Nat. BioE, li. 136. 

MDB. (CO. Slafford), a, 1,1, 4, 0,0; 
London, 3. 1, o. o, 1, o ; Philadelphia, 
'.0,0, 0,3, '. 

ClewoFth, Clewarth,— Local, 
' of Cle worth,' some spot in South 
Lancashire. For the suffix, v. 


Richard de Clei-oRhr, of Hnllcm, co. 
Lane. 1333; Lay Subatdy (Rylanda), 

kobert Cleworth, of Aalley, 1671 : 
Willi It Cheater (1660-80), p. «. 

Richard Clen-orth, oT Bed^, co. 
Lane. 1673: ibid. 

Ralph Cleewoith, ofRiiley, co. Lane, 
Jttu^ndmaH, 1730: ibid. (1711-40), p. 5<)- 

Liverpool, a, o ; Bolton. 1, i ; niLla- 
ddphia, 3, o, 

CUbboo, Clibam; v. Clabon. 

Cliooter.— t Nick. ' a chattering 
woman.' one who clickets. ' Her 
that will clicket' (Tusscr, p- 351). 
'A tailing huswife, whose clicket 
is ever Wagging' (Colgrave) ; V. 

Magou Cliooter, 1379: P. T. Yorki. 

Clltf, Cllffe, Cleff.— Local, ' at 
the cliff;' a precipitous rock, a head- 
land. H.E. cli/r, clrft V. Clive. 

Robert de la Clif, co. York, 1173. A. 

Thomai del CliF, co. SdR,, lUd. 
Johannea del CiVe, 1379 : P. T. Yorka, 

^Thotoaadeiqyf, Mto: ibid. p. 30. 

i<66. BapL— Richard. (.Robert Clife: 
St-laa. Clerkenwell, I. la 

16^ John Cary and Jndlth CHFTe: 
Marriafe Lie (Loitdnn), ii. 345. 

Londbn, I, 3, 1 ' Wsl Rid.X^aiR Dir., 
7,9,0; Bo«loo(C.S.), 4, 3,a 

Cllftord.-Local, 'of Clifford,' 
parishes in diocs. of Hereford, and 
Glouc, and Bristol ; also a town- 
ship in the parish of Bramham, 
near Leeds, co, York. 

Uaigont de CKflon), do. Chdl, 1171. A. 

Roger de CliHotd, co. Willa, iUd. 

John de Clyffonl, co. Cknc, ibkl. 



Johannes de Clyflonl, 1379: P. T. 
Yorki. p. 153. 

lubclla de Clyltonh, 1379: ibid. p. iwj. 

H66. Bnpl.— Edward, •. )i*n Clifford: 
St. Jaa. ClHkenwell. i. 4. 

1616. HaCthiu CliffDrd and lane 
Tiblwlli: HarrlafeLic. (London), ii. 41. 

Loodaa. iG ; Sbeffleld, i : BoMou 
(U.S.), 94- 

CUfton. — Local, 'of Clinon,' 
parishes in diocs. of Carlisle, Ely, 
Gtouc.and Bristol. Maiicliester,Oi- 
ford, Rjpon, Southwell, Yoric, &c. 

GilbendeCliflon, eo. Yorfc, I17J. A. 


: Clifton 


Robert de Ctirun, co. Oxj., i»i>i. 

Richard d= Clifton, co. Oi^ ibid. 

johannea de CI jftoD, 1379 : P. T. 
Yorki. !>.(□. 


1586. Baried- 
Comliill, i. lu. 

i6j4. — Henry, 1. Henry Clifton : St, 
Ja.. Clerkenwelt i». ifi,V. 

London, 11 ) Fbiladelpbia, 41. 

CUmpeon.— BapL 'the son of 
Clement,' a corruption of Ciemson 
{a.v. Clement). The/ is intrusive 

as in Simpson or Thompson. Clim 
was an cariy varianl of Clem, the 
nick, of ClemenL 'Clim, for Clem- 
ent. Forby .gives the name to a 
kind of nursery goblin' (Halliwell). 

' Then inake tbe Bood yeman ClTm of 
And iwote>f Mary fre.' 

A Lytell Gene of Robin Hade, ii. 31S. 

<,<7fr7. John Clympaon and Bridget 
Coiwood: Maniaie Lie. (Lonikw), i. 74. 

177a. Married — William Ban and 
Martha Climun : St. Gea Han. Sq. ' ' 

17S7. — Thomai CKmeuon and 

CUnkBoolee, CUnkMale, 
Clinkakel, CUnkakill.— Local. 
The last two only are iu the London 
Directory, but the others eiist. 
. Mr. Lower, 1 see, has tbem in his 

Clint. — Local, 'of Clint,' a 
township in the parish of Ripley, 
W. Rid. Yorks. The suroame 
has never Iwen common, but it 
has managed to survive at least 

1632. William Clente and Joane Prioc 


1783. Uanied — TIcnolfaT Cli 

Uary Davie* : St. Geo. Han. Sir 

, __j MDB. (E. R. Vol 

^Sq i 34.. 

Clinton.— Local, ' of Clinton,' 

a parish in co. Northampton, three 
milca from Market Deeping, The 
change from initial G to C is com- 
mon in nomenclature ; v. Crane, 
Csunter, Candlin, CI end inning. 
Lower says the Duke of New- 
castle's surname is derived from 
Glimptoii, an estate in co. Oxford, 
early times styled and written 

inton (v. Patr. BriL p. 6a). If 

is be so. Glimpton will probably 
be the parent of all. 

tvo de Clrnton, co. Salop, » Edw. I. R. 

William de Clynton, co.^5erhy, ibid. 

Gio«reydeCllnlon,co GIouc. 1173. A. 

Henry de Clinlon, Co. York, ibid. 

Thomu de Clrnton. u. Bnclu, ibid. 

1674- John Green and Anne Clinton: 
Harrlace A\ks. (CantcrboTy), p. uS. 

1681. Uanied— Richard Clinton and 
Uary Gray: Scjaa. Clerkenwell, i. 199. 

London, 4 ; Boiton (U.S.), 17. 

ClipBby. — Local, 'ofClippcsby,' 
a parish in co. Norfollc, three miles 
from Ade. 

disbee, CliBbyi v. Cleasby. 
Clltbaro, dithsrow, 
dermT-.— Local, 'of Clitheroe, 


market-town in co. Lsnc. 
Ribble. In old English docu' 
ments Ciithcro is written Clyde- 
row. A curious relic of this is 
the surname of Cluderay in the 
Bradford and Leeds district. 

Adam de Clidirhou. m. Lane^ rjji: 
Lay Sabiidy IRylandi), p. 79. 

Roben dc Clydcrboa, co. Laiic., 1331 : 

Garerave in Craven : Whiu 
Johannee de Clyderowe. 


1 p: t. 


isis. Ceorse Coicrll I 

Uaniase Uc. (Faculty Offlcri p. 3. 

1661. Jamea CUtherow and Uaiy 
Gregory, ib'-" - " 


; Bradford, 0, o 

Cllve, Cl«ov-e,Cl«aTe,CIe7«. 

-Local, 'at the clive." The same 
3Cliff(q.v.);M.E. drt«-cli£f. 

Jolin BUG Cline (u for i^, co. Soms., 

Edw. Ill : Kirby'.Qaem. p. Si. 

Gilbertde la Devon, 1173. A. 

Hnmfrey de la Clive, co. Wilts, IMd. 

Henry de la Clyve, co, SomeiMt, Ibid. 

William alle Clive, 1301. H. 

Aena del aHe, 1379: P. T. Yorki.J>. t. 
J An Clyff^ or Oyve, .310: fcg. 

li w '• "■ 

— Gl 

1639. RIchardCtiveandMaiyAIIeyne: 
Uarriure Lie, (London I, ii. 943. 

lOgo. Aleiander Cleeve and Uary 
DnlGeld: ibid. p. 313. 

London, 1. o, 3, ■ ; MDB. (co. GlooE), 
o, o, o, I i Bo»ton (IJ.S.1, I, o, o, 1. 

Clixbjr.— Local, 'of Cliiby,' a 
chapelry in the parish of Caistor, 
CO. Lincoln. Probably Clisby also 
represents the name ; v. Cleasby. 

' MDB, (CO. Lincoln), J. 

CI0B8, dooB, Cloa.— Local, 'at 
the close ' — O. F. clos, an enclosed 
space (whence dim. dosil)— from 
residence therein. Not to be con- 
founded with Clowes, which has 
a diSerent origin. 
JiAaone* del Cloi^ 1379 ' P- T. Yorka. 

'^V^'lelmudelChx, tm: IbkL 

1545. BapL— John Cloae : St. IHooia 
Backchurcii, p. iSi. 

The following entry is curious r 

att Pickeo^ Coihe hDQK dore: St. Jai. 
Clerkenwell. i. 373. 

London, 1, 1, o; SliefflcId, 3, 0, o; 
Wect Rid. Conit Dir., 1, o, 0; Mew 
York, 18. 1, a. 

Clothier. — Occup,' the clothier,' 
■ cloth-weaver or a dealer in clotb, 

' Ai dotberes kemben blr wolle.' 
Pien P. .^631. 
Cf. Robert Clothmjn. C. R., J Edw. IV. 

1616. Nichoiu CkKhver ■ 

■■ "Jc. (London), it iji. 

Qothyer: Sl 

i.*i. Buried - 

lonii Backchurch, p. 19; 
London, 6 ; UDE (ca 
Philadelphia, 39. 

Cloud.'-Locat, ' at the cloud,' 
Ct^m residence thereby ; 'doude, a 




Probably my instance infra refers 
to some prominent mound of earth. 

Robert atte Cloode, co. Sodl, I Bdw. 
Ill: Kirb/sQum,p. 137. 

Rlchu^Clode, CO. SomL, i Ed*. Ill : 

17SI. Matried— Tliaiii 

Rachael Qi 

laa Cnobum anil 
BauJ] and Elim 

ijTa — GEoiee 
Cloud : St. G«,TIi ^. _ -^ 

London, I ; Philadelphia, 33. 

ClOUgb, Oluff.— Local, ' at Che 
clough,' from residence thereby. 
A dough isabreachin the hillside, 
a ravine between hilla. ' Boggart 
Hole Clough ' is well ki 
Manchester peopli 


d ClliD of the 

, ■. Than 

Alicia del Clogh, co. Lane., iiu : Lay 
SuMdy tKylan&X P- 8<^ 
Robert del Clogh, Co. Laac. IJp : 

Htoricna de Ckwhe, ijjIS : ihid. p. 

1688. Buiied-Hary Cloueh, ir 

niece to Dr. Meriion ; St Uichacl, C 

Ctagh: Sc. .,.,,. 

London, 1 t; Wen Rid. Coon Dir., 
34, o; Philadelphia, 3, 14. 

Clow, Clowe,ClowM,Clew«8, 
Clews. — Local, 'at the dough,' 
q.v. North Eng. dou ; cf. tHough 
and mow. With the patronymic 
Clowes, cf. Brooks for Brook, 
Sykes for Syke, Holmes for Holme, 
Styles for Style, &c. No doubt 
it is the gcnitival form, as in 
Williams, Jones, Jennings, &c. 
M.E. chw, or dough. ' Sende him 
to seche in dif and clow': Cursor. 
Mundi, Trin. MS., 1. 17590 (v. 
Clough, SkeafsDict). 

WlllebBBidE Oowe, 1379: P. T. York*. 
'^ Ed w. 


ttichard Clomai otWhiteley, jhwmh, 

445; ibid. 

'59S' William Gfegory and Joan 
Clowca: MarriafeLic (LoDdon), i. 332. 

ijij. Uamed — Jamca Pinch and 
Diana Clewi: St. Cm. Han. Sq. i. 1. 

London, 3, o, 7. a, o; UDB. <co. 
CheMerX o, a 3, I, a; (co. Derbyahirr), 
Ok o, 1, 1, 1 ! Bonon (U.S.), 1, 0, o, 1, 3. 

Clubb.— I Local. A curious 
name, Kcmiogly of Cheshire origin. 

FanidoD, near Chester, seems to 

have been the habitat of the family. 

Hagh Qabb. of Famdon, 1588 : WUIa 

Francig Clubbi^ oT famdon, 1601: 
John Clnbbe, of Woithenbai;, i6Sg: 

Clutterbuok. — This family 
settled in England from the Low 
Countries at the time of Che Duke 
of Alva's persecution of the Pn>- 
testants. In 1586 Thomas Cloer- 
Cerbooke was sheriff of Gloucester, 
and from that county Che eiiscing 
gentry famil iesofClutterbuck spring 
(Lower's Patr. Brit. p. 63). 

1,^5- ThomaiClDtlerbooke and Josnoa 
Allen : Marriagp Lie:. (LondonX i. ui. 

cCBt^r. i6sg: Alkyna' Hist. GUwc. p. 99. 
i6s+. Married —Joseph Clm"-'- -'- 
id Ann CaltifoTd : St. Maiy Aid 

.aiy Aldcrmaiy, 
London, 7; MDB. (co. Gloac), ao; 


New York, 

Glutton, Cluttan.— Local, 'of 
Glutton,' a township in the parish 
of Farndon, co. Chester ; also a 
parish in co, SomerseL The 
Cheshire township is Che chief 
parent. The vaiiaoC CluCtcn is 
three centuries old. 

Tbomo. CImlon, of NaBtwic^ 1575: 
Wills at Che«er(i54s-i6«>X p. 4J- 

JDhnCluttcn, of^rden, 1595: ibid. 

iThomai Clutton, of Eaton GrecD, 1686 : 
ilnd. (16S1-17110), p. S6. 

Urinn ClulIoiT, co. Chester, 15 Hen. 
VIII(i533): Earwakcr'i Eul Cbesbin, 

Owen Clullon, CO. Cheiler: il»d. 

ITQJ. Married— Jo«ph Francii Fearon 
and Jane Clutlon: St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

London, 6, 1 ; Manchexer, i, o ; 
MDB. <co. Lancaater), i, u, 

Coachman ) v. Couchman. 

Philadelphia, 2. 

Goad. Coode.— iLocal. A 
Cornish surname. Both forms are 
found in records of Che same 

ijor (Cor^ 
of Robert Coode : 

165S. BapL— RIdiard, 
Code ; Ref. Sl Colnml 

1663. — Wjlljain, ion of Robert Coadc ; 

16^1-3. Tbomaa Coode and Elir. 

Wicfct: Marriage Alleg. (Canletbufy), 
p. 87. 
London, 1,5; Cornwall CooTI Dii., 1,6. 

Coat«, Coates, Coats.— 

Local, (1) ' at the cote ' or 'cotes,' 
i.e. cottages ; (a) ' of Cotes,' a 
township in the parish of Eccle- 
shall, CD. Stafford ; also a hamlet 
in the parish of Prestwold, co. 

Egidiaa dc Colea, co. Korf., 1173. A. 

Robeit de Cotex, co. Backs, ilnd. 

Geoffrey de Coles, co. Line, ibid. 

tUlph alte CoK, co. Sontn., I Edw. Ill : 
Kirby*. QueH, p. 108. 

Thomai del Catei, 1379 : P. T. Yorka 

JohanBes del Cotei. rj70 : ibid. p. 14. 

Henricna del Cote, i^Tq: ibid. p. 114. 

Willelmus alte Cote^ 1379 ; P. T. 
Howdenebire, p. 17. 

ijer. Boried-JoaneCoate*; ScPeter, 
Coinhill, i. 114. 

'.^l- — JohnCotM: ibid. p. 117. 

161s. William Tninet and Suanna 
CoalcB: MairiagE Lie. (Londanj. iL 15K. 

London, 1, 36, 3; WeU Ritl. Coon 
Dir., o, 3U, u; Philadelphia, 1, 83, 7. 

Cobb, Cobbe, Cobson, Cop- 
son.— Bapt. 'the son of Jacob,' 
from nick. Cob or Cop; v. Coppin. 

Cobboi Fabcr, to Hen. II, Pipe Roll, 

Kchard Cobbe, co. Camb.. 1379. A. 
Robetl Cobbe, co. Oif., ibid. 
Thomai Cob«m, r379: P.T. Yorka. 

With Copson for Cobson, cf. 
Hopkins for Hobkins. 

1651. Bapt— Elit, d. Emanuell Cob- 
ion: Sl Jat Clerkenwell, i. 177. 

166S-6. Baried.— Amey Cobb, widffm: 
St. Dioni* Backcharch, p. 337. 

17S8. Married — Ceoiee Cobb and 
Frnncea Letchford : St. Qm. Han. Sq. 

London, 30. 0, o. I ; AlheiMone ico. 
Warwick), Conon. I ; MDB. (co. War- 
wick), Copson, 3 1 New York, 18, 1, « ■>. 

CobbOtt.— (i) Bapt. 'the son 
of Jacob,' from the nick. Cob, dim. 
Cobb-et ; v. Cubitt and Coppin. 
(a) Bapt. 'the son of Culhbert,' 
pronounced Cowbet in cos. York 


and Durham. Probably the North- 
English Cobbelts are Uius derived. 
Cr. Nicholu Ccrwbejiuim, co. York. 

Sank Cobbut i St. Cw. Ctiap. Uayfai 

"^i™. -ThomasWarrHndJaneCobhrll; 
SLl!^. Han.sii,,m 

London, lo; Nrw Vork, i; BoitoD 
(U-S.). .. 

Cobbln, Cobbinff.— Bapt 'the 
K)D of Jacob,' from the nick. Cob, 
dim. Cobb-in or Cobb-on ; cf. 
Col-in from Nicholas. Rob-in from 
Robert, or Gibb-on from Gilbert 
But Coppin (q.v.) was the sharp- 
ened form. 

Ralph Cobin, co. Em, 117.1. A. 

irn. Married— John Cobbin and Ann 
Bras : St. Gn. Hun. Sq. i. 117. 
London, I, I ; Philadelphia, }, a 

Cobbledick, CupplAditoh.- 
Local, ' of Cobbledyke.' This has 
no reference to a dike made of 
cobble-stones, but to the name of 
the proprietor ; v. Cobbold and 
Kibble, where Kibel is shown 10 
be a familiar Lincolnshire personal 


D. Unc 

John CobeldjkvC- R-, i Hen. TV. pL i. 
Johanna d^ CnpeJdik, co. Lone, 

'John de CalbeldTke, CO. Line, Edw. 
I. R. 
1,1;^ 'George Coppledicke. or CnpiBl- 


>e still e: 

dick, but I have 

'Warrant to acqaitBdwatdCoplcdick.' 
April 16, i<94: CaL Slate Papen 
ll]oninlic\ 111.489. 

Cobbler,— Occup. ' the cobbler.' 

an early occupative term, as is 
proved by my instances. Cobcleri 

generations back, I imagine. 
Robert leCoIieler, CO. Biicki,ii7j. A. 
RicaniHi Cobler, 1.179: P. T. Howden- 


u Cobbcler, 1379 1 P. T. YorkL 

CubiU, CobBll, Cobel, Cubel.- 
Bapl. ' the son of Cobbold,' found in 
Domesday as Cuboid. With an 
initial K (v. Kibble) the surname 
assumed many guises. The in- 
stances both under Kibble and 
below are con lined (saving co. 
Oxf.) to the South-Eastern coun- 
ties. These settled into the forms 
with C as initial. Towards the 
West (ram co. Oxford K became 
the initial. I am speaking, of 
course, generally. 

1. William 

G; 114. 

o: MDB. 
(5 ; (ttotfolk) 

Ci hi; Pfaila- 

deipuia lUuDei;, i. 

Coboroft.— Local, ' at the cob- 
croll,' i.e. the field or enclosure 
on the cob (V, Cobdeo). A York- 


*! p. 8.^. 

Cobden.— Local,' of Copedene." 
I cannot find tbc spot, but it must 
have been in co. York. The deri- 
vation is simple ; v. Cope and Dean, 
and also Cobcroft and Copestake. 

Alan Copdane, co, York. W. 11. 

GrofTrey Ic Coppden, c 1307. H. 

1687. JohnNakbe and Ann Cobden: 
Harciage Alleg. (Canterbury), a. iSg. 
Fhiladelpbia, i. 

Cobelot. — Bapt. 'the son of 

Jacob,' from the nick. Cob, dim. 

Cob-clot ; c£ Hewlett. 

John Cobelot, en Suff.. lajj. A. 

CSobham, Cobbun. — Local, 

> of Cobluun,' parishes in cos. Kent 


and Surrey. The 

to cUim the Kent parish for 

John de Cobeham, co. Kent IJ7J. 
keelnald de CobAiBm, co. Kent, ib 
Williiim de Cobbehun, ca Hant^ > 
III-Edw. I. K. 
1577. _ Edward Cnbhain 


. Biid Mbij 

■Wc! MarriaFc Lie. (London), i. 78. 

- Married — William Tyre and 

ibhaoK: St. Ja*. Clerkenwell, 

174^;. — Lake Cobham and Mary 
Logera : St. Geo. Han. Sn, I. ic 

'John deC<ihhain,ihircf Lord Cobham 
(d. 140)1). «a> son of John de Cobham, 
ConMabic of Rocbester CaiUe ' : DicL 
Nn<. Bwg.ii. 155. 

' Thomai de Cobham. biihop of Wor- 
cener (d. 1117). »" a mctn£er of ch* 
■■ell-known Kenlish family of Cobham ' : 

' LWonl'i, I ; BoMon (U.S.), r, o. 
Cock.— (i) Nick, 'the cock,' 

from the pertness or swagger of 

the bearer ; cf. Henn, Fowl, &c. 
John le Cok. co. Soon., i Edw. Ill: 

Kirby-i Qo«i, p. 171. 
Henry le Cot, co. Soma., 1 Ed*. Ill : 

ibid. p. I go. 
William le Kofc, C. R., 3 Edw. t. 
Thoma. Cokk, 1379 : P. T. York*. 

P- "S- 

(a) Local, ' at the Cock,' a sign- 
John a Kok. C R, 9 Ed". I- 
Cf. AttwDod, A'Beckel, &c. As 

I have shown in my Preface, there 

are many sign-names. 

1606, MlTTied — Joaeph Cock and 

Hannah Spiott : Sc Maiy Aldermary, 

' Fttr in Ka, bi we« Spaygne, 
I* a Innd ihote Cockaygob' 
Whether or not the name of th's 
legendary region was afterwards 
transferred to London as the 
centre of luxury and ease, reaulting 
in the London toektuy, seems not 
to be decided; v. Cocking, in. ex- 
planation of the large numbor of 
Cockaynes in co. York. 
Nicholas de Cokayne, co. Suk^ 

' Alan de Cokayne. co. S«w^ ibid. 

Richard de Cokayne, co. Eaaoi. ibid. 

i66a-l. Sdpio Cokayn and BJii. Hope : 
Marriage Lie (Fanhy Office), p. 30. 



1671, Duiie] Thome and BI1i.C«1u]fm : 
Ibniaffc Lie tFacoJtv Office), p. lao. 
LoDtkin, I ; Sheffield, 14. 

CookcToft, Cookroft, Crow- 
OToft. — Local, ' ofCarcroft,' a ham- 
let in the parish of Owston, 
W, Rid. Yorks. The corruptions 
were inevitable i Crowcroft is found 
in the Doncaster Directory, and 
Carcroil is in the Doncaster ruraJ 

Thomu de Cairecroft, 1379: P. T. 

'\l6A^uIiiieA-}t*.n NonMnion ud 
AnnCockcren: St. Gn>, Kan.Sq.i. i]6. 
V/tat Rid. Coon Dir., 3. >". ' 1 Lon- 


Cooker. — Occup. 'the cocker,' 
i.e. cockfighter ()> 'Cokker' in 
this sense occurs in the Towneley 
Mysteries : 

^ Thcac dytare, and tbne hDllan, 
ThcK cokken, und these bulUn.' 
Simon le CnckeiE, co. Oif., 1171. A. 
Jolin le Cochert, co. Sdhci, ibid. 

^^Ilelmni Coker, Ebota uor eju, 
imylk. 1J79 •• P- T. Y«kt p. 44. 
Loiidofi,4; Philadelphia, 11. 

Oockerell. CoekerUl, Coek- 
riU, C!ookrflU,CoakTiUe.— Nick, 
'the cockerel'; U.E. m&m/. a little 
cock. ■Cokerelle: jai/>i9'(PrOQipt 

Geoffrev Cokefell, CO, Nnrf., i»i. A. 
John Cokeiei. co. York, Ibkt 
Resinild Kokeni, co. Camti, ibid. 
Uuilda Cokrell, 13791 F. T. Yorka. 

^ E^iHi Cokrell. 1379 : iUd. p. 309. 

Alicia Cokerell, 1379: ibid. p. 348. 

IS30. Clement CokeTell and MaiEarrI 
Edmonds : Hamate Lie. (London), i. 7. 

London, 11, 1,3,:;, o; Wed Rid. Conn 
Dlr., o, o, I, a, a; MDB. (co. Suflotli), 
..o.l,3,o;New*ork,o,i,i, ., I. 

r«n, Oookeram.--t Local, 'of 
Cockerham' (t\ a parish between 
Lancaster and Garstang; in Domes- 
day spelt Cbcn/iaiH. It lies on the 
litde river Cocker. Nevei^heleas, 
I cannot find the existence of this 
surname in Lancashire. Thus the 
probability is that all Ifae above are 
mere variants of the Irish Corkeran 
or Corknin ; cf. Ransom and 
Ranson, Sansum and Samson, &c. 
The intercbaoge of civilities be- 


tween n and 
mendaturc as in the dictionary. A 
comparison between the following 
entries from one London roister 
will have its weight on the thought- 
ful reader: 

17)10. Married— Samael Cockfam and 
Rebckah Smilh ; St. Cm. Han. So. ii. ii. 

1709. —Michael Corktan andSi^ia 
Abeii : ibid. p. nu. 

1B07. - Prancu Loodalc and Elii. 
Cockmn: ihid.p.36j. 

Such a sequence of entries is not 
easily got over. 

Crockfcrd. 1, T, 1, o; London, o, 1. 1.0; 
IIDU. (DorKl), I, o, o, 3. 

Cooket. — Nick, 'little Cock,' 
from Cock, and dim. Cock-et s little 
strutting fellow ; cf. coquette, and 
v. Cock. My firat extract is pro- 
bably one of the earliest inst 
yet found of coquette. 

Antha le Conket, co. Soma., i 
111 : Kirhy'. Qne.1, p. iSg. 

Nicholas CotiEt, co. Soma., 1 Edi 
ibid, p K-' 

Cooke;. — Local, ' of Cochagh,' 
a West-country name (v. Haigh). 
There is Cockey, a hamlet near 
Bury, CO. Lane, but it seems to 
bear no relation to the existing 

Alien dc Cochafh, co. Soon., i Bdv. 
Ill : Kirbv-a Qhcu, p. 140. 
John detoebere, CO. Soma., I Edw.IIl: 

1747. Married— Peter Cockey and Jane 
Poiter : St. C^eo. Chip. Mayfair, p. SS. 

MDB. (CO. Soou.). 1 ; New York, 4. 
Cookheod.— Nick. 'Cockhead,' 
one who strutted with head up, 
consequentially. Nevertheless, it 
is possible it is local, one of the 
terminatives in htad; v. Head, 
Akenhcad, Birkett, Blackett, &c 

Sinion Cochevcd, C. R., 17 Edv. Ill, 

"" Willelrnui Kokheved, IJ79 : P. T, 

1784. Mnmed— loseph Cockhead and 
Mary Okell -. St Geo. Han. Sq. I 306. 


CO. Durham, 'Which eariy gave rise 
to a surname. The large number 
of Cockaynes in co. York would 
seem to prove that there has been 
some confusion between the two 
names ; v. Cockayne and Cogan, 

Gilbert de Coknn, co. Northiunberland, 
loEdw, L R. 

John de Coken, vicar of KUioebam, 
1301 : DDD. iii. 146. 

Alice de Cokcn, 131Q : ibid. i. »«. 

Peiranilla deCokyn, lenp, 1350 : ibid. 

Noiu, 1373. A. 
, Derby, >o Edw. I. R. 
-William Cockia and 
Bl St. Jaa. Clerkenwell, 

"' Cocking and (juberfae 

uooKia, uoghlll, Cookhill, 
CogUl, OoKgUl. — Local, ' of 
Cockhill.' Some spot in the West 
Rid. Yorkshire. The West Riding 
directories seem alone to have 
preserved the correct form. 
Several of these forms may be 
corruptions of the Yorkshire 
Cowgill, q.v. There seems to be 
a spot in co. Somerset bearing this 

Eliubetha de Cokbill, 1179: P. T. 
Yorka. p. 181. 

JohHDnca de Cokhill. 1370 : ibid. 

Matbew de Cokhnll, co. Sonu., 1 Edw. 
Ulr Kirby'a (jnM, p. 133. 

John Cokhnll, co. Soma., I Edw. Ill : 

1691. Bip(. — Joaeph, a. Edward 
CoEriU : Sl.7aa. Clerkenwell. i. 347. 

iSoi. Married— Charka William Dovte 
and SopliJa Cramer: witnus, John Coe- 
bill : St. Ceo. Kao. So. ii. isr- 

London, 10, 1, o, o. o ; Wal Rid. 
Coart Dir., o, o, I, 1, o ; Sheffield (Cock- 
m\ 1: Leed. idoggat). ' i New York 
(CoKKill). 4- 

Cookler. — Occup. 'a cockier, 
a gatherer of cockles; K.E. tct^ts. 
Roger le Cokhelere (Close Roll, 
4 Edw. I). The word is still in use 
on the English north-west coast. 

Coakmaii,CDokm&n . — Occup. 
(l) 'the cookman,' i.e. either the 
cook himself, with augmentative 
wan, as in husbandman, merchant- 

cf. Kitchener and Kitcheiunan. 
Lower permits himself to write 
'Cockman, a cockfighter'; v. Cook, 




and cf. Hattbewnun, Addymi 
Ladyman, &c. 
Williui Cokaniii, co. Sonu., I E< 

III: KirbyJiQn«t - -'' 

Viili ,. 

JohnCookman,c(i.Vorlt. W. 9. 

1706. Married— Joseph Cockman nnu 
EKx. Skinner: Sl G». Hao. Sq. ii. 150. 

1800. — JcMcph Roberts ud Harriot 
Dwkmui; ibirip. 110. 

London, 6, i; MDB. (E. Rid. Yorki), 
0, 1 ; Pfailadelphia, o^ 6. 

OookrUl; sec CockereU. 
Oocks, Cookson, Cox, Coxe, 
Coxen, Coxon, Coxaon.— Per- 
sonoL ' Cock,' B term of familkrity. 
There are over two coIuidqs of 
Coxes in London Dir, The history 
of the name ia interesting-, and 
every stage can be proved condu- 
•ively. The natural pertneaa of 
boys, so like the babits of the 
strutting bam-door fowl, caused 
cock to be used much in the sense 
of our 'Well, old Cock, how are 
you!' There was an affinity be- 
tween the boy in the scullery and 
the cock in the yard : both swag- 
gered, and both could crow. In 
the Nun's Priest's Tale of Chaucer 
it is said of Chanticleer, 

Thus 'cock' became the general 
sobriquet of a sharp and forward 
lad. The bnn-lad, the acullion, oi 
the apprentice was ever 'Cock' 
by itself, or if attached to his Chris- 
tian name, Jeff-cock, or WUl-cock, 
or Bat-cock, or Han-cock. Thus 
we have the stoiy of Cocke 
Lorslle, and the old nursery 
rhyme begins : 

' Who killed Cock Robin > ' 
Again, in Gammer Gurton' 
Needle (1566) the boy is simply 
' Mj giuniner ii so oot of era 

And frantic ail at ono^ 
Tliai Cock, our 1»y, and I, 

Hare felt it on our bone^' 

Sometimes the font-name was 
forgotten in the term, hence 
such entries as ' Item, to Cok, my 
servant, xu' (WUl of Rogei 
Thornton, 1499: PPP. i. 383): 
' Cok ffenwyk' and ' Cok Critsop ' 


(Patent Roll, 13 and i4Hen. VII). 
* Coc le Afey te ' was forbidden to 
live in London, 1369 (WWW. 
p. tas^. Tbe patronymic of this 
was Cocks or Cockson, 
Coc Ac Slepr, CO. Salop, 1173, A- 
Edn-ard CockKn. Z. 
John Cockson. EE. 
Cok- Caniifer, 1379 : P. T. Yotkt p, 98. 
These have become nodemly 
^ox, Coxe, Colon, and Coxen (cf. 
Wiicoiton for Wilcoctson, Dix 
nd Dixon for Dicks and Dickson, 
iix and Rixon for Ricks and 
Rickson, also coi-comb). One or 
nstances will suffice : 
mai Kokson, 1379: P.T. Yorks. 

Cok Wishame. CO. Nortbamberlasd, 
404 ■■ TTT, p. 1B7. 

Robert Cockion, or Cokson, or Cox. 
on. or Coion, nip. for B.A, Jan. 1555-6: 
Its. Univ. Oif. L aji. 

'Valler Cockt or Co:^ chaplain, np. 
a? B.C.L.. JO April, ijis : ibid. p. <J5. 

John Cockig, or Cine, allowwl 10 deler- 
nine Mich, lerm, 1546 : ibid. p. 313. 

How popular Cock was, Cox 
ind Coxe are sutGcient proof. 
There are over 1000 Coxea in 
London commereial centres alone, 
counting Gve to a family. For 
compounds of Cock (v. above), such 
as Simcock and Simcox, Laycock, 
Pidcock, Mycock,Jeffcock,Sc., see 
these names in their proper places. 
It is clear that coik became, tike kin, 
a pet desinence ; and in the class of 
names I liave Just mentioned, must 
to all intents and purposes be con- 
sidered as such. Certain sobri- 
quets of a more or less deprecia- 
live character were similarly 
formed. Dawcock (i.e. Jack-daw) 
was an empty-headed noodle. In 
Appius and Virginia (1563) 
Mansipula says (Act L sc. i) : 
' My lady'i pial biulneB belike 1« 
When yoB, eoodman dawcock, lost 

An earlier form of 
■Fillicock, Pillicock »(e on a hill, 
If he '■ not gone be ilu there Mill,' 
will be found in King Lear. A 
lobcock was a lubberly fellow. 
■ Baligant, an unweldie lubber, 
great lobcock' (Cotgrave). In 
' Wily Beguiled ' WiU Cricket says 
to Chunns, ' Why, since you were 



bombasted that your lubberly legs 
would not carry your lobcock 

body.' Heacock and nescock 
/ere effeminate fellows. In ' Wit 
irithout Money,' Valentine says, 
For then you are meacocks, fools, 
nd miserable.' ' And shall I then, 
eiogfedwith this hope, prove such 
mecocke.oramilkesopl' Greene's 

Gwydonius, 1593; cH Sweetcock 

SwelKokadeHomden, C.R.,l6Edw.L 
London, 14, o, 117, », J. 3, o; Phita. 

driphia (Couon), a ; Ne* York, 8, d. 

150, 3, o, I, o. 

CookBhaU, Cooluhaw. — 

Local, 'at the Cockshaw,' from 

residence thereby ; cf. Shallcross 

and Shawcross; v. Shaw. 

SyiDOn de Coksdughe, 1379 : P. T. 

— T3. Married — Jonathan Cockshaw 
lane Mary Norgtove : St. Geo. Han. 

~\J<^fon, I, o; New York, 0, i. 

Cooluhott, Cockahot, Coek- 
Bhoot, Cockohutt, Cotahott.— 
Local, 'of Cockshut,' a chapelry 
in the parish of Ellesmere, co. 
Salop. Butthercis strongevidence 
of the existence of another place 
of the same name in co. Lanca- 
shire or the W. Rid. of York*. 
Cotsbott is an American variant. 

Edrnnnd CockihoU, 1669 : FrcMon 

Alice CcKkihalL of Padihain, w/Job. 
1630 -. Willi at Chester [i6ii-so), p. Ji. 

Edward Coduhntt, <rf Waluin-ls-dBle, 
161S : ibid. 

don, J.O, 0.0,0; MaDcbcster, i, 1,4,0,0; 
MDB. (co. LtmcnKei]. 0, 0, i, 3. o; 
PhiUdelphla,!, 0,0, o, 1. 

Oockapur.— Nick, 'cock-spur,' 
a sobriquet as old as the days of 
cock-fighting (v. Cocker). Never- 
theless, it is curious that this sur- 
name should have lingered on into 
the 18th century. The sobriquet 
would be readily affixed upon a 
man of a combative and belligerent 
mood, especially a fire-eater or 

Alice Cokopore, Fim Roll 1 1 Bdw. I. 

. '?,*'■ 

ibeniuCokipoBr, 1379; P.T. York*. 



Codd, Code.— Bapl. ' the so 
of Cuthbert,' from Dick. Cudde (\ 
Codling), ir Ihig be true, ai 
suspect it is, it wiJl be ^ret on 
more instiDce of a fish-name nc 
being what it seems to be ; c 
Chubb, Salmon, Sprat t, Turbot 
All the same, this may be an ex 

Henry Cod, co. Oif., n;j. A. 

Rkardu Codr, i>» ^ P. T. Yorkl. p. 6. 

Ttiomu Codde, ttomicli, 1558: PP. 

' '1%. Darid Codd and Maii^m 
Aihclej : Morriiigc Lie. (London), i. i.iiS. 

ty6S' Marrifd — Jama Bemon nnd 
Elcukor Cod ; Si. G». Han. Sq. i. 147. 

1777. — fiiDprj Codd and Majy CarJej : 
ibid. p. 174. 

London, t o ; MDB. {™. Suffolk), 1,0; 
BoRon (L'.S.), o, a ; Philadelphiii, a, 1. 

Ooddlnvton, Codington. — 

Local, 'of Codding(on,'(i) a parisb 
in countj Notla, two miles from 
Newark ; (a) a parish in co. Here- 
ford, three miles from Ledbury; 
(3) a parish in co. Chester, two 
miles from Handley. 
William de Codynion, London, » Edv. 


_ ibid. 

c CodTnEton, London, x> Edw. 
173. A. 

m Coddineton (1^01^% |^< 

_ _. jdeIitand,NF^KrEl»»UvT! 

of Lincolnihire ' : DicL Nat-Bioj;. id. J03. 

The list-named would probably 
spring from the Nottinghamshire 

lane Coddinpon, ofFmdihvn.Bii^^nB, 
ifijp! WillialCh™i«( 

Robert Coddingtoa, of CbcMer, Uinur. 
1635; ibid. 

These, no doubt, represent the 
Cheshire parish. It is this family 
that has crossed the borders into 

L Bap).— Aenei, d. Williun Cod- 
- - -TiCl^mwell,!.?.. 

_._ _. , ,0; London, 1,0; MDB. 

(CO. ChMter). I, o; (co. Lfnmln), 1, o; 
New York, 19.1. 

Codling, CudliDfc, CodUn.— 

Cl)Bapt. 'thesonofCulhbert'(!), 
from Cudbert; nick. Cud, dim. 
Cudling or Codling; cC Hewling, 
from Hew (Hugh). 
Adam Cnddrne, 1379 ; P, T. Yorki. 


Robert Codrlyur, 
ibid. ' 

Rdben Codling, ct 

1375: : 

Adam Cadflynf. 1379 : P.T. Yorka. p-s. 
(9) Nick. ; V. Quodling. 
1771. Married— lo 
Keatr*; St. (Jeo.H 

London, i.o, 01 ^ora, 0,0, i. 

Codner, Codnor. — Occup. 
' the cordwainer,' of which Cordi- 
ner and Codner are varianls; v. 

Robert Codner. bailiff of Briitol, 1346; 
Barrett'* HiR. of Brinal. 

1641. B«pL—Allyce,d. Jam™ Codner: 
Sl.>i. CllSkenii'ell. i. ifi. 

iGiOTkerawell (Devon), 3, o; London, 
4,o;MDB. (Devon), 0,1. 

Codrington.— Local, ■ of Cod- 
rington,' a tithing in the parish of 
Waplcy, three miles from Chipping 
Sodbury, co. Glouc. 

in Gloocqlmhire " \ itnd. li. joo. 

1686. John Conrtliope and Racharj] 
Codrinelon: MarriiEe Lie (Faculty 
Office), p. lOo. 

1707- Married— -Joveph Lyom Walrond 
and Caroline Codrington ; St. Geo. Han. 

\i.nd™' 1 

Coe.— Nick. ' the coe,' Le. the 
jackdaw ; A.S. tto, cormx, ' Coo, 
byrde or schowhe ; Koo, byrde 
or schowghe ; inoiudnla, Hodula ' 
(Prompt. Parv.). ' Koo, a hyrde' 
(Falsg.). Hr. Way quotes in a 

— ' the cfanrlyiahe chowgb. 
The route, and the kowgh :— 
We mar not oejl fbreED 
Tbfl cooncmure nf thr coe,^ 

Skelton'a Philip Sparrow. 
Hence no doubt ' Coe, an odd 
old fellow. Norf.'(Halliwell); on 
old jackdaw, as we might say. 
Bealrii le Coe, co, Noif,, 1173, A. 
William le Km, co. Camb., ibid. 
Rkaidiu Koo, 1179 ■ P-T. Yorlu. p. 38. 
It is interesting to note that the 
Prompt. Parv. references, the 
quotation from HalUwell, and one 
of my Hundred Roll instances, are 
all from co. Norfolk. Again we 

Tefffy Coo, of Aihill, eo. Norf, 1438: 

Coffee. Coffey, Caugliey.— 
Bapt. ' O'Coffey,' an Irish patrony- 
mic Coffee, of course, is imita- 
tive. Biddy in the instance below 
speaks for her own nationality. It 
is said that the original form of 
O'Coffey was O'Cobbthaidh. Dr. 
Chamock says tbat MuiTagli 
O'Cobbthaidh was bishop of Deny 
and Raphoe, temp. 1173 (v. Ludus 
Patronymicus, p. 18). Both of the 
modern forms are naturally found 
at Liveqiool, which numbers so 
many Irish among its population. 

1704. Married-Tliorna* Coffee and 
Winiim) Hillman : Si. Ju. Clerkennll, 

"itoj. - William Jikln. and Bidev 
(Biddy) CoSee : St. Geo. Han. Sq. ■■. 179. 
London, 3. 3, 1 ; Liverpool, 2, 1, 1 ; 
New York, SI, 48,1. 

Coftbr, Cofferer.— (i) Official. 

the cofferer," one who bad charge 
of a coffer, a treasurer, (a) Occup. 
'the cofferer,' a maker of coffers. 
In the Trevelyan Pipen (Camden 
Sue.) we find ' Item, to Edmund 
" ' ■ _ coferer of the King's 
House, for the expenses, and 
charges," ftc. This concerns (i). 
Again we read of: 

Pype-maken, wodHBODEen, andoijyn- 

Cofereia, carde-nuken, ai 


.. Coffare, co. Sonu, . _ 

Ill: Kirby'sQuni. p. 111. 
Solomon le Coffrer, Pine* Roll, 14 

John le Coffiir, London. 1171, A. 
Godfrey Ic Coffrer, London,' ibid. 
Richard le Co9reT, London. » Edw. 
I. R. 

~ G«lfreyleCoffrcr;CaLorWlllt 

Cocke Lorelle'. Bote. 

CofOiiiCaffln .Caffyn, Chaft n, 
^hofflne.— Nick, 'the bald.' A 
lere variation of Caffin, the 
eaiitest form being Chaufin, which 



would readily become CofBn and 
Caffia. This Ibnn seems to ' 
taken root in the south-we 
counties of England. Edward 
Coffitt, the Jesuit, was born at 
Exeter, 1371 {Diet. Nat. Biog. xL 
315). Several Devonihirc (aniiUea 
bear tbe name ; cf. Fr, dtataii, 
bald (v. Chaffs), and Calvin, from 
Latin cabnu. Probably ChauGn 

' OAxu protean (cr fan Ik doth not 
Pot why? TWtf eaooM take from 

Richard ClianEa,<aN(>tCi. 1173. A. 
Rohm Co^, CO. Udc ibid. 
WUHan Coftyu, col Dctui, Ibid. 
TbiHua Cb^n, ijos : R^. Unlv 

1788. Harrio)— Robeit Gilbert and 
UiajCtlBa,!, \a. 
— — Tbomaa Cofflo aod Aratha 
ibid. p. t& 
lohn CbaSn and Iiabella 

B^SIdh ibtd. p! 


In France the enthusiastic de- 
votion of Nicholaa Cbauvin to the 
emperor Napoleon I gave rise to 
the term Chauvinism. Chaufin 
was the Hondred Roll form ; v. 

Londoo, 5, 1. t, I, o : MDB. lea. 
Dnoo), 1,0,0,0,0; New York, 45, 0,0, 

Cogftn, OofdSD, CogKon, 
Cogla, Coggln. Coggon — 
Local, 'orCi^an,'aparish in dioc. 
of Llandaff, which gave birth to 
an early sunuune. Aa regards the 
forms found in cos. York and 
Lincoln, it is probable they are but 
variants of Coken (v. Co<^ng). 




From this it is clear that the 
•outh-weat forms of tbe sumanie 
are derived from the Llandaff 
parish. To Somerset and Devon 
was not a long journey. 

I<5oj. Richard Btowk and Hellen 
Cogtea : St. Jo. CkrkcniRU, iL 30. 

1716. John Conaia and Saiali 
Fetdiew: ibid. J>. IJ9. 

iTij. J«e(>h C«tin and Jone Sellny : 

1780. Uanied— TliDmai Co«ri° an 
Elii. TUIcock : St. Ceo. Hui. S^ ik 14. 

iSog. - William Sbickle and EU 
Conn ; ibid. p. 410. 

HDa (CO. Somenet), I. 5, i, i, o, C 
(co. Lincoln), 0, ^, o, Ch^ T, a ; London, 
«, c^ o, o, o ; Botioo (\J.6.X as. ». 0* o, s, ■ 

Cogger, Cogmtm, Cog«r.- 

master of a cog-boat (cf. cock-boat 
and cockswain). ' Cog,btiote : stafii' 
(Prompt. Parv.): 'bevy hulkis,gre(e 
coggis ' ; V. Way's R^mpt. Parv. 
p. aja, H. s. 

' And foBod Jaxn and Henalea a]», 
That in a «■«< >o load were Tfo.' 
Chaocer, Legend ot Good Women. 

Hmry CojpT. P. 

i6>l. Geofn Cogt[er and Alice Nub : 
UarrinK Lie:(We«lbinUer), p. 17. 

itiig. William GDmcll and FicowTtb 

'^U'liam bl^ldon. of thii town 
(Caitor, CO, Norfolk), blaekimich, by 
will dated Ian. 10,1647.. gan "> 'be 
poor it,iJ.t ynr , . . and tied nil hti 
booae and ground... for payment Iherpof, 

in the 


a of Ben 

Norfolk has given us several of 
these names ; v. Bargeman, Boat- 
man, Sk. IVobably Cockmin has 
absorbed this name, of which I see 
six in the London Directory. As 
shown above, cockboat and cock- 
swain have undergone tbe same 

New York, J, o, J. 
OoghllL— Local; v. Cockle. 
CogUn. — B«pt. ■ the son of 
Cockelin,' from Cock (q.v.), used 
peraonally ; dim. Cockelin. Tlie 
customary laziness brought this 
down to Coglin. 
AnKi Cokelin, co. Camb.. i»l A. 
Imania Colulio, co. Camh, ibH. 

Cogawall, CoxwelL— Local, 
of Coggesball,' a parish in the 
dioc of 5l Albans. Wherever a 

lonastery was founded it drew 
together a community, and this in 

foster a local nomenclature. The 
early Coggesballs by corruption 
became Cogswell and Cox well. 
There need be no hesitation inac- 
ceptingthis origin. It is absolutely 
certain. The surname is still con- 
fined to a limited radius of the 

place, which was of considerable 
(Abbaa) de Cogeilialle, col Baici, 

Roger de Cwohall, co. Eaaei, Ibid. 
Reginald CoEkcatiale, CO. Kent, Ibid. 
RaFph de CisEei)ial, co. B—a, Hen. 
IIl-Edw. I. 1?' 

de Coggnhale, co. Karl, ao 

Vnn Parr 


«II, iii 

London, 6, )'; New York, S, 6. 

Colfer.Coifator.— Occup.'the 
coifer* or 'coifster,' a maker of 
caps or cowls, probably knitted. 
Coifster has tbe fern, sufiii. 

NicholH le Coi&tere, aoae Roll, 16 

Emma la oiiifere, eo, Orf., im. A. 

Dionyaia la Coyfeir, co. Oaf., ibid. 

Ralph le Coifier. E, 

PeterCorTer. C R., 31 Hen. Ill, 

As a surname Coifer would soon 
be lost in Coffer, q.v. The French 
Coiffler is in the London Directory 

Colflh, Coyvh.— Bapt. ' tbe son 

A^neafiL Coia^ co.Camb., 1173. A. 

The spelling, as will be seen 
below, was retained till the close of 
the i6th century : 

Rale, aoa of Nicbola* Qooiae, IS64 : 
Ree. Sl llaiy Aldermifv (London^ p. «. 

WilliaiB, BOBoTNicholuQBobe, 15^ 
ibid. p. ss. 

Anihonle,aoiiofNld»lai Coiae,iS77: 

Aliu,^ of Uaignd Coj^ 1563: ibid. 

Mary, wife of Richard Cojrah, 1671: 

London, 3, 1, 

Cob«.— Occup. 'the cook' (v. 

Roger le t:oke, c. ijoo. M. 

AkunderCoke, CD. Camb., 1171. A. 

William Coke, co. Norf., ibid. 

UaitpuCoke, 137?: P. T. York*. p. 4. 

Alicia Cok', 1)79: ibid. 

1807. Uarned — Richard Smith asd 
Bill. Coke : St Geo. Han, Sq, ii. 361. 

LondoD, I ; Boatoa (U.S.), I, 
Ooker.— Local, 'of Coker,' two 
parishes in co. Somerset. 

lohn de Coker, co. Soaia, 1 Bdw. Ill 

,y Google 


Williun de Cakn, co. Bum, i Sihr. 
HI: Kitb7:.pKtt,p.H3, 

Thomu Caker, co. Swnenet, iin. A. 

Adam Coker, «. Ettn, ibid. 

1650L Bwt.-Sv>h, (TWklter Coker: 
St. DiODia Bukchnrc^ p. iia 

1791. Hurisl — TKnuu Coker u»d 
EIkLoiiK: St GnHui. fo. 

LaDdoD, 7 ; BoMon (U.S.), 9. 

Colbeok, Coulbeok, Colo> 

twok. — LocsL 'of Caldbeck.' a 
parish in CO. Cumb. Willi Coul- 
beck, cf. Colson uid Coulson, Colt 
and Coull, &c ; v. Callbeck. 

1787. MirHcd-TlKimiu Wilford and 
Mary Colcback : Sl Geo. Hao. Sq. L 408. 

■7Q0. — John Colbeck and Saimh 
Rii^ardaDii : ibid, ii, 44- 

1708. BDrkd-lKmu Coalbeck, 
rf ww at w ; Btg. St. Uary, UlmMoa, 

1S0& UaTT<ed-Jamei Wibua and 
Tabiilm CoUnck : St. Geo. Haa. Sq. 

Londoo, 3, o, I ; UDB. (col Llncola], 

Colbert. OolbertBon.— BapL 
* the son of Colbert,' found as a 
peisonal Dame in Domesday, co. 
Devon ; cC Colesnain, Colegtim, 

Lccda^i.o; London,: 

Colbrtm. Colbom, Colbom e, 
Oolboum, Oolbounia. Col- 
brain, Colbron, Coleboume, 
Colbum. — {i) Bapt. ' the son of 

Colbrand,' found as a personal 
name in Domesday, co. Devon ; 
cf. Coleswain and Colegrim. The 
variants Colbom, Colboum, ftc, 
were inevitable. 

Ha]gerColebrond,eo.Sa«ex,l>7J. A. 

As Colbran the surname is atill 
to be found in that county. 

Robert Calbern, co. Soma., 1 Ed*. Ill : 

William Coh^iniad, co. Soma, i Bdw. 

Rlcardiii CollebnoBd, 1179: P. T. 

UargarelB Colbrand, ijtq: Ibid. p. 14a. 

i6ii. Bapi.— WilKuB. 1. Thomaa Col- 
bomei St. laa.ClerkenwelL 1.119. 

1G4). -Jamea Colbran ;&[. Antbolio 
{Loodoa), p. 75. 

1677. — LwuL a. Jobn Colefaniii St, 
Ja*. Oerkcomll, L 177. 

<[9) Local, ' orColboume,' ■ town- 
ship in the parish of Calterick, N. 
Rid. Yorks. But I find no represcn. 
tali ves in Yorkshire of »ny family of 


namel The true origin of all 
the forms Is (iV Since writing 
the above I find this view corrolia- 
rated bj Mr. Earwaker in his 
East Cheshire,!!. 131. He records 
that William Coulbom was vicar of 
Mottrain-iD-Longdendale in 1695. 
He adds in a note, 'hemayperiiaps 
be identified with a " William Col- 

" who matriculated at Oxford 
from Wadham College, 36th March, 

OtAhy, Coleb^.— Local, ' of 
Colby' or 'Coleby.* Coiby is a 
parish in dioc. Norwich, and Cole- 
by a parish in dioc. Lincoln. No 
doubt from Cole (q.v.), the first 

William de Col(d>l, ca Wtmm^ 1176: 
RRR. p. 161. 
WiU^ dc CoUeby, eo. Line, 117^ A. 
(Dominaa) de Coleby, co. Unc, ibid. 
WUliam de Calebr, co. Oif.. Ibid. 
John d* Coleby, co. Vorf., M Edw. 1. R. 
WlUelmnsde Colby, 1379: F.T.Yorka. 

^^WiHiam de Colby, rector of WSby, 
ai.Snff..iui: PF.VjSo. 

John deXoltn, netor of Falliam, eo. 
Norf., 133' ' IbM. 

ifiot.^mrrial— Joaepfa Colebey a^ 
Elii. 'Lnckock : &. Jaa. ClerkeDwell, 

London, a, 1 ; PbllBdalphia, 5, a 

Oolobaatar, Oolcheatan. — 
Local, 'of Colchester.' It seems 
to be a very sa 

i«S>. Hailed- 

andBUcKeoaey: St. Mkhael, Comhi^ 

^199^. Berry Sf _. 

Daily Tdecraph, Ane. 4, 1S04. 

(VS.), ., o. 

Cololiln.— Bapt 'the son o 
Nichoha,' from the nick. Cole o 
Col, and with pet suffix Col-kin 
ct Wilkin, Dickio, Watkin, Simp 
kin. Sec, This is easily proved by 
the first two entries following 

Siho Colkyn. CO. Kent, w Edw. I. R. 
amo Colekyn, co. Kent, Hen. Ill- 
Edw. L K. 

176S. Harried— Tbomai Cokhin and 
'-- ■ -'^-- St._Geo.Han.sil.i8i 

1796- Joaqih C 
ihalT: ibidruri4« 


Cololoaarh, Coteanmgh.— 

Local, 'of Ctddough,' 'an estate 
in Staffordshire, ia which county 
the family resided, temp. Edw. II I ' : 
Lower's Patr. Brit. p. 65. Cole- 
crougfa, found in the same county, 
is a manifest variant. 

1678. Adam Coleloagh and Mary 
Blanc: UarriaEe AUeg. (Castobaryi, 

iTjS. Married— John ColcloqEh and 

Abi'nil Shelley : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. 74. 

L«Kloo, I, o; MDB. <eo. sSsor^ 

ColdweU, OouldwaU, Coald- 
weU.— Local, 'of ColdweU' (v, 
Caldwell), a township in the union 
ofBeUingtuun, co. NorthumberlandJ 
Also of Colwell, a township in the 
union of Hexham, same county. 

a de ColdinJI, (379: P. T: 

de Coldmle, 1379: Ibid. 

., Glle* Hodgklnm and Ebb 

Coldewdl : UarriaH Lie (London}, i. 1 j. 

157J. John Ccfwdl and HarKaret 
Bnaeley: Maniage Uc (WeaUnhuler), 

iMi. John Inlana and UaiyColdwdl: 
Uuriiine AUec- (Canterfmiy), JL ii. 
London, 3,0,0; Wot Rid. Coort Dir., 


Col«, ColM.— Bapt. 'tbe son of 
Nicholas,' from nick. Cole, whence 
thedim. Col-in. Coles is the patro- 
nymic or genitive form; cC Wil- 
liams, JenluDS, Jones, Bcc. 
'Havell, and Harvy HaAer, 



an extraordinary impression upon 
English nomenclature (v. Colly, 
C<^ns, ace). 

Rand' CI. Cole, co. York, lemp. iidi 
(•niarr ; FFF. p. 47. 

Johanoea Cole, 1379: P. T. York*. 

&iaa CoK 1 179 : !b)iL 
158S. Marrled-BatinBeconn and Anne 
Coafc ! St Uldiael. Corahill. p. 14. 
166s. — Tbomaa Cole* and HoDoaf 

Colobrook.— Local, <of Cole- 
brook.' (i) Colebrook, a parish in 
dioc Oxf. ; (a) a manor in co. 
Devon. The latter spot is spelt 
Colbrok. Colbroke, and Cotebroke, 
in the Hundred Rolls (i. 67-71}. - 

D,g.t,zed by t^OOg IC 

Hanr <le CuHnnk, co. Dnon, I) 

>rr<ieC(>Hiit>k,ci>.Dnoii,i)73. A.] OoUbx, Ccdfiuc Colefio:, Co> 

iSTS-Baried— Blii.CalbR>eke:St.Ju.h«fox.— Nick. ' tb« coUbx,' a 


"tm- Miiried'^TIiooiM CoWanok 
UHlElii. HuTii; St Go. Uu. Sq.l. 334- 

OolaiTlin.— Bapt. 'the son of 
polegrim.' Id Domeaday Toimd u 
ColeKTim, co. York; ct Coleswrniu 
and Colbran, q.v. 


H^ Cokgrim, CO. 

OolnUUL— Bapt. 
n of Coleman,' the Gernun 
form of Columtw (Yonge, L 388). 
Nov. 1 with Germaiu is St Col- 
man'a Day. But it is not a later 
immignitioii, for Cdeni«n or Cole- 
mannus ia a Doneiday personal 
naoie. It U purely English (v. 
Coulman, a variaDt;. 

Robert fiL Colaan, M Heo, II : Watin. 



in Ic Hen. a 

IS Colmi 


Lord Randolph 

the Bradfoid raili 
■"•i'-Pon, OcL J7, 

cf. Stelfox. 
' A cot-rox, fol o( ileirfi inrqailec' 

ChuRT, CT. isui. ■ 
Ricardiu CtJvoi, no. Sakro. t«73- A. 
Ilioiiiu CoUoi, I ji ■ 1 RcK. Vfii- OiT. 

Burled -Abdoi Cooldbi : St. 



form'; Y.- _. . 

UDa [<». DonetX a, 
(Coklu),i| New York! 

CoUdn. — Bapt ' the sod of 
Nicholas,' from nick. Col, and dim. 
Col-kin ; cf. Walkio, Simpkiu, &c. 

{DhnColtjn, eo-KeBtaoEdw, I. R. 
laiDO Cotekyo, co. Kent, Heo. III- 
Edw, L K. 

CoUanL— Bapt 'the son ol 
Collard,' an eariy personal name 
with Col for prefix {c£ Colbert, 
Colegrim, Coleman). Found in co. 

Gloucester as a personal "' 

still remains there 

iwt Bapt— Johmot, d. George Cole- 
nun ; Su Jm, CletkenwelL i- ?» , . 
London, 69, 10 ; Fbiladolpbiii, 101, B. 

Oolartdge, Coldridge, Coul- 
rldge, Colrldge. — Local, ' of 
Coleridge,' a parish in dioc of 

Crbflasai de Coltitge, co. Deno, 

HiiehglTd de Colmis^™- BerkL Ibid. 

Loodon, 3, Oi o, o; Teijanioiiih, a, o, 
o, o: DcTon Die. (Fannai' Lutl, o, 1. 
o. o ; EielEt {ConldridecX 1 ; Newton 
Ab)>ot.o,i (io;Nonli£iiKy<Cobid[EX 
4 ; FliiUdclpbia, <^ t, <^ a 

ColsBwayn.— Bapt ■ the son of 
Colswegen.' In Domesday found 
M Colstian, CO. Camb. ' Coles- 
wegen and Ivo — that is doubtless 
Ivo Tailleboia — are spoken of as 
uncles of a nephew of the Countess 
Lucy ' (Freeman, N. C. iii. 779) ; v. 

Stephen Coknvyn, co. Hnnti, im. A. 
WilUuii CokaeTB, eo. Willi, ibid. 
John CokHim so. Soo^ I Bdw. Ul : 
Kahj'a Qacit, p. ala. 

Colaid Hariel, co. Glooc, ., 
i,;93-ti. NlcholBiColiardandHargvet 
Llnoev ; Mamaie Ljc (London), L liq. 
,t64. Uarrietf-HenTT Collard and 

a. Raynard : St Geo. Han. So. I. i8g. 

Undi^, 7; una (CO. Gknc), 1; 


Collannaksr. — Occup. Per- 
ipa a maker of horse-collars. 

.379: P-T. 

CoUwSt.— tBapt 'the son of 
Nicholas,' from the nick. Col, and 
dim. Col-el or Colette. Found as 
Colecta in the ■4th century. For 
quotation from Prompt Parv., t. 
Collett. I believe the surname U 
extinct, but it lasted till the dose of 
the i6tli century, and is imitative. 
Oiben Colkcte, co. Norf., 1173. A- 
ColecU de RngbKhawe, 1379: P. T. 

i6n. Harried-Henry Coilidge and 
AUice Wright : 81. Jai. Clerkenwell^ iiL 1 71 . 
I— j™". o- flDB.{co.Detliv),i,o: 
«.».»»., i, •}-, Philulelpfaia, o. I; 
Borton (U.S.], o, 1. 

Colier, Collar. — Occupy 'the 

coUer,' Le. collier. This was an 

early form. The following first two 

instances occur on the same page of 

the Yorkshire PoIITbi;c£ Lawyer 

for Lawer. Sawyer for Sawer, &c. 

Uafoca ColvFT, 1170 : P, T. Yoik*. p. 6. 


1S03. Hurried- Jofin Colier and E«liM 

Peai ; St. Geo. Han. So. ii. sgs- 

i3o6. — Georse Collat and Sarah 
Eaglinr! ibid. ii.uS. 
London, 1. i \ Fhiladelpfaia, 3, 17. 
Collott, Colletta.— Bapt. 'the 
son of Nicholas,' from nick. Col or 
Cole, dim. Col-et, often used for 
a girl's name, and Latinized into 
Colecta or Coleta. This form lin- 
gered on till the i6th century, as 
the following entry will show : 

1513. Robert Swelen and Coleta Gol- 
fery : llarnage Lie (London), i. 3. 

' Colette, propyr name (Collet, P). 
G)/«*«':Prompt Parv,p.87. See 
•Kytt Cakeler, and Colett Crane, 
Gylle Vttjtt, and Fayr Ja ne.' 

Coventry llynerin. 
Colett de Sanlre, ca Hnntfc 1J73. A. 
WalterColet. eo. Salop, ibid. 
Djoidik Colet, co. O^., Ibid. 
ColelaEIoL 1379; P. T. Yorkt p. 154. 
Henriciu Tayliour, et Collette niot 
eioa. 1370; ibid\ p. i>7. 
JohandM Colet, ijJO: ibid.p.t3S- 
^John Colel (i467!-isi^, deiin of St 
Panl't, and IOC-"— ""=• P—i- s-i—J- 

Antbolln, London, where 

■S96. Bon 

Colledge, College.— Local, ■< 
the collese'(I), from residence : 
or near some collegiate foundation. 
I have no actual prooC 

John CoUei^ of Coine, dotimrha; 
i^: WilbatCbea>er(l69l-50),p.J1. 

1378. Buried— Grepirr CaUa)Cc,aenraDt 
10 Antony KeHjngliun ' "' <u~^-n»k. 
chucb, p. 195. 



1 • ; Diet 

(. L 3". 


"^ of St 

This preserves the earlier form. 
T4q<c. 'Collet Smylh, wife of Heniy 
nrth, WBI bnried before St Catherine'! 

laae.^ Norwich! FF.ii.+oi. 
London, 17, ij Bd«oii((.'.S.),3. o. 
Colley, CoUle.— Bapt ' the son 
of Nicholas,' from nick. Coll, and 
dim. Colley ; v. Colly and Colls. 

: Chan. 

r, C. T. <; 

All these are font-names (v. Tal- 
hot and Garland). One can scarce 

help asking the question, that since 
talbot has come to denominate a 
particular species of dog, and is 
taken from the personal name Tal- 
bot, why should not (otfo'i another 
name for a particular species, be 



taken from Colley, the once taiiu1i«r 
substitute for Nicholas! At any rate 
Chaucer places them together. 
lohBnnBCollv, ijTq: P.T.Yorktp.8S, 
WillrlmiH Colley, 1370 : ihid. p. 17- 
15l5i; Rojer CoUey and Ellen Ander- 

^- --°" 

Collier, CoUyer, CoUyaar,— 
Occup. 'the collier,' i. e. a charcoal- 
burner. ' 159S, Jan. 8. Buried, s 
daughter of a collier at BUwith ' 
(Reeistera, UlverstonV An Act of 
Paiiiament (Elizabeth) is entitled. 
'An Act that timber shall not be 
felled to make coais for the buming 
of iron.' The Psalmist speaks of 
'coals of juniper.' Collier is the 
term still used throughout Fumess 
and along the Duddon for a char- 
coal burner. The fuel was used in 
the bloom-smithies. SceAshbumer 
and Bloomer. 

AdaoiCoKer, 1J79: P. T, Ymlu. p. »3J. 

Hmrr h CoIvm-, eo. Bncki, Ijjj. A. 
Robert it Coliae. co. Bedt, Ibid. 
Tiomu le Colier, co. Hnnti, ibid. 
1570. Zschary Coll Jer and Alice Haw- 
kyni^ ManUfe Lie (Loadon), L 4.7. 
London, 41, 11, 1 i New York, 35, 7, o. 

Collin, Colllna, ColUnson, 
ColUng:, OoUliUTa. CoUinga.— 
Bapt. 'the son of Nicholas,' from 
nick. Coll or Cole, dim. Colin 
(cf. Robin, Jen in, &c.). The ^ in 
Collii^ and Collings is excrescent 
(cC Jennings), Through careless 
pronunciation, Collings has become 
CoUinge. V. Cole. 

Coliinu dc tfevilL co. Line, xin. A. 

WillUm 01. Colln^ «>. Yoik, Ibid. 

Alan Colin, co. Noif,, ibid, 

Jlohn U. Colini, vo. Saff., ibid. 
[alin Calyng^ co. Sum., i Bdw. III^ 
ibr'i Qoett, p. 169. 
JolUim ColiaKn, 1)79; F.T. YorkL 

i^iuuia Colmjon, ijio ; Ibid, p, iM. 

Colin servlnii lohum' Vat, i}jg : itJd. 
p. MS. 

Collna Charlei, co. Norf., Hen. Ill- 
Edw. I. K. 

I<8^ WilEun Inraai] and Kathcrine 
Collvn : Harriage Lie (LoodonX i. 141. 

lUb, HarTi«l — Jacob Muih and 
HabcllB Colliiu; Sl Michael, Comhill, 

ColUncluiii.— Local, 'of Col- 

lingbam,' a parish in the W. Rid. 
Yorks, near Wetherijy. 

Johanna dc ColjnghBiii, 1379: F, T. 

Thofflu de ColTnj^ai, 1379: ibid. 

'^l"i]. Uarried— Tbomu Smith and 
Marie Collln[hBin : St. Michael, Com- 

's'l^^d, i; Keigbler, I. 
CoUlnswood.— Local, 'of Col- 
lingwood.' This is a Northumber- 
land surname, and it lias Qourished 
there for centuries. No doubt the 
spot so called is in that county, but 
I have not discovered it. 

'Lord Collingwood (1750-1810) wu 
bom in Newcaitlr-on-Tvnc, Scp«. >6, 
I7JO' : Diet. Nat. Biog. 11. 337. 

^Rogtr Collincwood (fl. IJ13), mntbc- 
■-■ ider the name of Caibo- 


Robert Ojllingwoode, co, Dnrbaoi, 

EdirarfColiinirwood, co. Line, 1589 ! 
Reg. Univ, Od. vol. II. pt U, p. .7S- 

16W. Bapl, — Thoma^ •. Tliaius 
CollinivooH : Sl. Ja*. Clerfcenwrll, i, 337. 

1764. Married— Edward Collininirood 
■nd Maiy Hamby: Sl. Geo. Hul 9q, 

'' LMdoo, 14; MDH. (co. Noithnmber- 
land). ,1 ; Boiton (U.S.), 4- 

ComB,coiiiK»i, Collu^ Coi- 

llaaon. — Bapt. 'the son of Nicho- 
las,' from nick. Col, dim. Colly, 
patronymic Colly s, now CoUis, 
Collison of coune being the fuller 
form (V, Colly). Nevertheless as 
Paltinson becomes Pattison, so 
Collinson might become Collison 
tv. Collin). The origin remains 
the same. 

1574. Thomai Colly) and Johanna 
Chipman : Marriaec Lie (London). 1. £0. 

i4o. MuTied — Rale Collexm and 
MargrrB Knight; St. MIefaael, Conhill, 

London, 14,9, 1,11 Sheffield. 1,0, 9,0; 
Philadelphia, 10, 1, o, 5; New York, 1, 


. Cowlishaw. 

CoIIb, CoUm. — Bapt. ' the son 
of Nicholas,' from nick. Coll, Col, 
or Cole (v. Cole), patronymic Colls. 

AlanColle. CO. Line, 1173. A. 
Adam Colle, co. Hunti, Ibid. 
Sweyo Cnlle, m. WUti, 30 Bdw. I. R. 
Cf. Johannc. Colwo, .379: P- T. 
Yorki. a. 16B. 
Anabnia Coll, 1379: Ibid. p. 174- 
Colk Badyet, 1379 : ibid. p. iSa. 


1777. Married— Ji»a>hCollea and Bnher 
Copithom : St. (no. Ban. Sq. U. 174. 

ira6. - JoKph Clark and Ann Colli : 
Ibid. p. 611. 

'Yesterdav, a defence wai entered by 
Mr. P. CoJl Crown Solicitor <licUnd).' 
&e : Daily Teleiraph, Dec. S, 18S7, p. 5. 

London, S, o ; Crockford, o, 1 : New 
York, o, 3. ' 

CollumbeU, Collambell.— 
Bapt * the son of Columbell ' ; 
V. Columbine, of which it seems to 

be a kind of diminutive. 
;ohn CohinilMl, CD. Camb., i: 

John Cohii 
'Thoniai I 

_..ibcU. or bancheMer. 
J, Cbwler (1611-50), p. si- 

1761. UoTTied-Davld Collambell aad 
Elit. Clarket SL Geo. Han. Sq. I. 114. 

iSoi. — Nilhaniel Collnmbell and 
Amelia Brnlley : ibid. p. 138. 

Derby, 6, o ; London, o, 1. 

Colly, Oollla, Colley.— Bapt. 
'the son of Nicholas,' from nick. 
Col and Cole, dim. Colley, q.v. 
This form of Nicholas was ex- 
tremely popular in Yorkshire, 
judging by the Poll Tax. 1 furnish 
but a (cw instances. 

Adam Ci^t, 1379 : P. T. Yoiki. p. II. 

Agnea C^^, 1379 : ibid. 


Colnett, Colanutt, Colli- 
□ette.'-Bapt. 'the son of Nicfao- 
las,' from nick. Col, and double ■ 
dim. Col-in-et. Double diminutives 
are rare in England, common in 
France ; c£ Dobinet and Robinel. 

'Hearken awhile from Ihy green cabinet. 

The Unrel aonE of carefoT Collnel.' 

Spemer^ Shephord^i Calendar- 
Elsewhere in the poem it is 

ColiDCt de 1« Hare : Wan cf Eorlaad 
b France (Henry VI), v. Inilei. 

Cotinet de Giandcbainp : ibid. 

Collinette, a French importation, 
occurs in the London Directoiy 

Colpitto— Local, 'of the coal- 
pits,' found, *a would naturally be 
expected, In Newcastle and neigh- 

I37<W- Nicholas CollpoUs and 
Kaiherioe Tatbam 1 Hamage Lie (Loa- 
don), L 74. 


Jakn ColepltH fiaaitmait, im (epl- 

ColaOD.— Bapt. 'the bod ol 
Nicholas,' rrom nick. Col or Cole, 
popularly Colley. 

n, 1379 :P-T. York.. 

d CoIbd, I49S, cc 
""j^n Cmboa, ijia : i 

:<: Lie (London), i. 

1S79- Ri 

OuBon : Uornan „._ . 

Loadon, 7; N^ York, 3. 

Colaton, Coulaton, Cool- 
atono. — Local, (1) ' of Colston," a 
parish in co. Notts. The surname 
early crept into co, York, (a) ' of 
CouUton,' ■ parish in co. Wilts, 
eight miles from Devizes. EUlward 
Cdston, merchant and philanlhro- 
pist, was bom at Bristol, 1636 (Diet 
Nat Biot^ ki. 406). Tlie surname, 
with variants, still exists in coa. 
Wilts, Gloucester, and Somerset 

Willlun Stane and Jndilh 
temr : UarriaceLic (London ),i, 6;. 

MairiHi— TVma* Colston and 
uihBowra: St.Gfo. Hui.Sq.ii.IIJ. 

Colt.— Nick. 'the colt'icf. Bull, 
Cow, Sta{^. Buck, &c. For a 
variant, v. CoulL The sobriquet 
would readily be sSzed on one of 
frisky, springy action. 

' He WBi al cuKiili, fnl of ragniE.' 

ChaDccr, Q T. 9731. 

Rsbwid k Colt, CO. Salop, 1173. A. 

Wmiam le Colt. co. Wilti, ibid 

Kannlph Colt co. Noif., ibid. 

Ricardu ColWv 1379: P. T. York*. 


Snb53?(RyiiiKirp. iT^' 7^' 
1571-j. kichiin] CoTle and Fri 

Dcnnn : Marriage Lie. (London), i. jc. 
i6<u. NldiolaTColIf, rector orShiSp. 

linr, CO. Norf. : FF. i. isj- 
Loodoo, 3 ; Philsdelpfaia, 1. 

ColtarL-^ Oceup. < the colt- 
kerd ' t V. Couhhard. 

Ctdtmua , ConltmaiL— Occup. 
'the co1tman,'s colt-herd (v. Coult- 
hard) ; cC Cowman, Bulman, Hef- 

I, (CO. Lincoln), 

'759- — Nalhaniel Coltinai. _ 
Taylor: Sl Geo, Han. Sq. i, 90. 

London, 6, .: M[>^'-~ ■ 
.-!.»; BoKontU.S.), 4, 

Colton. — Local, ' of Colton,' 
parishes in cos. Norfolk and Staf- 
ford ; also a township in the parish 
of Bolton Percy, West Rid. Yorks. 
Often confounded with Coulton, 

Silin de Coleton, co. Devon, 1873. A. 
enry de Collon, Co. StaOnd, 10 
Edw, 1. R. 
Wiildmiu dc Colton, 1379: P. T. 

Johanne* de Collon. 1379 ; ibid. 

LondoD, a; Sheffield,:; BcMon(L 


Coltaon.— (i) Bapt. a variant 
of Colson, q.v. (a) Local, a vari- 
at of Colston, q.v. 

11^ BnriEd— Tbomai Cohaon : St, 
Honi> Bockcharch, p. 189. 

London, g. 

Columbine, Cullumblne, 
Cullablne.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Columbine,' 'dove-like' (Yonge, i. 
' 1. Columbina le Noreis (Rot. 
ClBtis,,i4 Hen. III). The surname 
is found at Bamsley, Yorks, as 
CoUumbine, and at Sheffield as 
1615. Wiiliun CollenhiDe and Pamell 
.'ebb: MHiiian: Lie (London), ii, 1!^ 
17.19. Peter Colombine, Nonrich: FF. 

1740, Married— Aelam Colonbine and 
Mary NichoboD : St. Maiy, UlveiBon, a. 

%V!- Paal Colambine, rector of Thnrl- 
,n,CO.Nolf.: FF. viii. fii. 
London, 1. o, Oi Banuln, o, 1, o: 
hcSeld, a, □, 1. 

ColvlUa, Colvila, CoIviU, 
Colwell. ColwilL- Local, 'of 
Colville.' Lower says, ' There are 
three places in Normandy called 


Colleville. . . . From which of these 
came William de Colvile of York- 
shire, and Gilbert de ColUvilla of 
Suffolk, mentioned in Domesday, 
is not yet ascertained ' (Patr. Brit. 
p. 66). With Colwell and Colwill, 
cf. Boswcli for Bosville. There is 
a township named ColweU in the 
parish of Cbollerton, co. Northum- 
berland. But the above is the more 
probable origin, 

eril, CO. Korf. , 117V A. 

lievik, CO. Linc^fbid. 

ewell, CO. Giooc. il^d. 
•it, CO. Camb- ibid, 
vil, CD. Cinib., ibid. 
« P. T. Yorka. p. 67. 


i, Comhill, 

j; New York, 4,0, 
S-X S, o, o, J, 1. 

CoItIh, Colven.— Bapt 'the 
son of Colvin.' 'Colvin or Colvinus 
a Devonshire tenaol-in-chief, 
held his lands in the reign 
of Edward the Confessor, and at 
the making of Domesday ' (Lower's 
Patr. Brit p. 66;. Coffin, which is 
still found in co. Devon as a sur- 
name (v. Coffin), is in many cases 
but a variant 

L731. Married — Thomu Brewer and 

l..ondoii, a, i ; PhiladeiphiOj 5, o. 

Colwell, ColwUl; v. Col- 

Combe, Combea, Combfl 

Loci^, 'at the comb,' Le. the cell 
or hollow in the hillside. An 
enormous number of local com- 
pounds are based on this word, 
probably because, being sheltered, 
habitationswere made there. Celtic, 
hollow. Probably, however, 
stances below refer to the 
A.5. earub, the crest of a hilL 
Combs and Combes have taken s 
__ _ _jEx, as with many other 
one-syllabled local surnames ; cf. 
Styles, Brooks, Brig-gs, Holmes, 


l! : tOrby'H Qocn, p. 75. 
GiIbatit«Ciimb<rco Oif, IJ73. A. 

Kihii Kle Cimbr, <». Oif , ibid. 
awn dc la Cnoiht, co. Oif., ibiil. 
Henry de la CDmbe, co. S(mi>., ibid. 
John df^ la CcmnibF. CD. Clout:., iiSo: 
HobkIioM Eip., SoinGeld.Cund. 

Robenu Combt, ijtq: P. T. Yoiki. 

London, 3, J, 5 ; Ptilladelphia, 1. 4, 16. 

Comber, Comer, Cumber. — 
Occup. ' the comber,' Le. the wod- 
comber ; cC Kempster. The e*rly 
importance of this occupation was 
bouod to create and preserve (his 
surname. Comer drops the A; usually 
after m the same letter is intrusive; 
but there is no accountiiig- for the 
freaks of popular nomenclature. 

RichanI Ic Cambeic, co, Camb.,1173. A. 

John le CnmbDr, co. Oxf., ittid. 

Walter le Comber. E. 

1663. Maninl— Toby Comer and Sarah 

Comfort^ Comford, Com- 
port, Comeford. — Local, ' of 
Comport.' Mr. F, A. Crisp, in one 
of his collections of pedisreea, 
clearly shows that the family of 
Comport was frequently known 
as Comfort. Nevertheless, Com- 
fort is found so early as the Hun- 
dred Rolls of 1373. Therefore in 
some cases it may be ■ nickname. 
But the local 

RicSanl Comfort, co. Orf, 11?), A. 

William Comfoii. £reur; C. R, 14 
Hen. VI. 

Mr. Crisp (Fragmenta Genea- 
logics, V. i) has 'Edward Com- 
port, alias Comford, of Chiselhutst, 
CO, Kent' His son was ' Richard 
Comport, alias Comfort, of Chisel- 
hursL' It is curious to oboerve 
that in the Modern Domesday 
Book (1875) the county of Kent is 


represented by one Comfort and 
four Comports. Hence it is certain 
that Comfort is In many cases an 
imitative variant of Comport, or 
Comford, a local surname. 

1665. Harried— Abraham ConeTon and 
Kathcm HitcbeU ; St. Jbl Clerkenwell, 

i Edwards and Jane 
Han. Sq -- — 

, -. -, -. ; MDl 

4, ; Philadelphia, 14. 

Commander. — Offic 'the com- 
mander'; cf. commodore. I was 
surprised, on referring (o the Lon- 
don Directory, to find the surname 
still in existence. 

William le Camiuandnr. or dunaiidBT, 


1601. Bailed— Tama Cooanoder: Sl 
Jai. Clerkenwell. it. Bi. 

t66i, Charles Fleetwood, of Felli>«]l 
CO. Noif., and Dame Mary Kartoppe, o( 
NeirinetoD. co. Hiddloei ; allcecd Ijt 
Herrnra Cotnmander, of St. Pajlh'i, 
Lnndon, VEDL ; MairiaEC Lie (Facohy 
Office) p. j<L ^ 

London, t, 

CompUn.— Nict (0- I 
explain this somame, saving from 
compline, the last service of the 

' Lo *h iike a complin !■ vmen hem alk 
Chaacer, C T. 4169. 
The chaplain mig:ht get the 
sobriquet through some fot^^otten 

Kalherin Complin, 169a: Sc Peter, 

164a ■ HeiiiV Complyn, vicar of 

Witcliinrtaro. co. Morf. : TF. viil 107. 

i66g. Philip Compltn and Alio- Fardne; 

-' - (FacnkyOfflce), p.1. 


Comport ; v. Comfort. 

Compaon.— Local, 'of Comp- 
ston.' I do not for a moment 
suppose this is of baptismal origin, 
or that the final km is the patro- 
nymic as in Wilson, Thomson, 
&C. There is no personal name 
Com or Comp, nor any pet form 
of any personal name ao fonned. 
No doubt it is a local sumami 
which has dropped the (. I cannot 
discover the locality, however ; cf. 
Kelson for Kelston. This class ' 
a Ikiriy large one. 

__ jdon. I] UD& (co, Staffoni), 3; 
Philadelphia, 1. 

Compton. — Local, ' of Comp- 

n,* parishes in cos. Beiiis, Hants, 

Surrey, Sussex, Wilts, Dorset, 

Gloucester, Somerset, &c. Many 

smaller s^wls bear the name in 

'ons counties. 


Oomyn, ComTiu, Commln, 
Comlns, Outnln, Cumlnge, 
Cummiii, Cummliig, Ouiq- 
mlcf[B, Ctunmlna. — 1 Local, ' de 
Comines'(t). This is the ciiMo- 
mary Norman derivation. I find no 
positive evidence in favour of the 
view. William Cumine, Lord Chan- 
cellor of Scotland, temp. David I, 
is said to have laid the founda- 
tioo of what became ooe of the 
most influeutial bouses in Scotland 
(Lower's Pair. Brit.> Whatever 
be the origin, all the forms here 
given are variants of the surname 

Admnnd le Comyn, co. Notf, 14 Bdw. 
11 : PP. ii. 4M. 

FlDTBiIbaC^in, CO. Oif., 117}. A. 

Peter Comyn, co. Willi, ibid. 

Stephen Comynr, co. **— ^ '■-'' 

Thomai Comyn, co. I 

ATeiaiider Comyn, c 

I Oii^., X 

David Comyn, co. Northnmb., ticD. 
IIl-Edw.L K. 

William Camyn, co. WilCa, Ibid. 

1641. Bapt.— Sarah, A. ChriHopher 
Cnmmini : St las. Chvkenwell, I. 151. 

1698. Robert Comimand hf ary Henley : 
Uarriage Lie. 1 London), IL 313. 

I70S. John Comyni and Elii. Conn- 
hope: ibM. p. 13T. 

1764. Marrica — Thomaa Hendy and 
MaryCoomiing: St. Geo, Han. Sq. 1 131- 

London, j, 1, 1, I, 1, 4, 1, so, R, 16; 
Now York, I. o, Oi 3. o, a, o, 15, ia4, «>. 

Conon, Conant, Connant, 
Coimand, Coiuilng, CcmnOD. 
— Bapt. 'the aon of Conan,' an 
early legeitdtiy Mune (v. Yonget 




ii. 8a). No doubt' more modem 
representatives of this name would 
be found in our directories bad 
sot Conan as a aumame got con- 
fused with the more eccleaiastical 
Cannon or Canon. The final / and 
d in CoDint and Conand are, of 

Canon Bardoiil wu ninth Abbot 
Fomcn (drca iiS.i|}: WeM'* Antlqalt 
of Fbtikh, p. 84 

Con an dc Kirketon, co. Line, Hi 
III-Edw. I. K. 

Coiun la Mire, H "' ~ 

Petranilla GL Conayn 

Conayo, CO- tjoc., in. 

WlllIuD Conayn. co. Line., iUd. 
~ -y fiL Conui, to, York, Ibid, 

Robert Connui 
Adun Conand, 



■.J79i p. T. Ho-den. 
s. Tott, 1391 : DDD. 

Aa « personal name Conan lin- 
gered on till the close of the 
ijtb century. It is also interest- 
ing to notice that in the two coun- 
ties (York and Lincoln) where 
we find the personal name was once 
in use we see the surname flourisb- 
ing; to-day. 

Cnnan MFtaUe, ini : PPP. 

iiM. Marr'--' ^- ' ' " 
Maty Ann Bd 

Conning; was an inevitable varia- 
tion : 

1775. Hatried— John Coniav and Kan 
Preer: St Gm. Han. Sq.i. 351. 

1S06. — Thomu CoDDing and HarU 
Ado;: Ibid. ii.}S7. 

MDB. (CO. Uncoln), o, 3. 1, o, o, o; 
Ke* VoA, 1, 14, q, o, o, o; MDB. 
INonh Rid. Yorki), ConiilD{, t ; D«ni- 
Inry (co. York], Connoo, i. 

CSondat*. — Occup. 'theconder,' 
one who signals to boats from a 
heig;ht the direcliou takenbyshoala 
of herring or pilchards ; from (dh, to 
con, to observe closely. For in- 
trusive d, cf. Pinner and Pinder, 
ribbon and riband, Simmons and 
Sioimonds. 'Condera (of a ship), 
those who ami/ or give direction to 
the ateeraman for guiding or gov- 
erning of a ship' (Bailey, 1737). 
An Act, I James I, c sxiii, says, 
'persona nlled ELalcors, Huors, 

Condors, Directors, or Guidors, at 
the fishing tymes . . . have used to 
watch and attend upon the high 
hillea and grounde near adjoining 
to the Be« coast ... for the givinge 
notice to the fishermen.' 

ifisS. BipC.— Franck, •oniK of Francii 
Condor: CanteriKur Cathsinl. p, 11. 

1714. Harried — Sunnel ConHer and 
BnlKr CarpcDUr : St. Maiy Aldennaiy, 

LindoB, 3 ; UDR (Wen Rid. Yorki), 4. 
Oonally, — Local, ' of Conely,' 
not Irish, but English, with term!- 
lution in lEiry ; cC Coneybeare in the 
same distnct, Conelly probably 
means the meadow frequented by 
coneja, i. e. rabbits- 
Henry Concly. 00. Somi,, i Edw. Ill : 
Klrby'i Qne*t, p. 337. 
^obn Cioely, co, Soou., 1 Bdv. Ill: 


Consy. — Nick, 'the coney,' i,t 
rabbit ; cC Hare. 'Cony, cumm/iu' 
(Prompt Parv.J. 

Griffin Cony, co. Heivfoid, Hen. III- 
Edw. I. K. 

Richard Cnnnl, CO. Salop. 1173. A. 

{Dbn Couy, co. Hanti, (bid 
Icniy Coney, at Ditlon, 1^91 1 Witb 
at Cheiier (1545-1630), p. 43. 
Grace Coney, o( HsIhII, \Biiew, 1595 : 

1^5. Bspt.— Sara, d. Ilioffiaa Coony : 
St. Ju- GerkenwelL i, 17. 

1794. HarTiad—SannKl Coney and 
Elii. Milli ; Si. Geo. Han. Sq. il. 109. 

London, 5 ; FhiladelpUa, 1. 

Coneybeare, CooeybMr, 
Contbaar, ConnabMir, Conni- 
bear, Oonnlbeer, Conybear, 
Canibeor.— Local, ' of Collibear," 
a hamlet in the parish ofTawstock, 
CO. Devon. The change from / to h 
is common ; cf. banttisttr and bajHS- 
Ur. This is a iamiliar Devonshire 
name. The sufBx is very common 
in local names in that district ; zt 
Phillimore and Finamore. 

Denn Connly Dir. (Fan.. — „ 

I, 1,1,1,1,1, 1,01 LDndon(Con<bca),i. 
Congreve, Congpreave.— Lo- 
cal, 'of Congreave.' 1 cannot find 
the spot; c£ M.E, ami, a rabbit; 
H.E, gmoi, probably ■ woodland 

'William Canerere (1^0-1719), the 

dramatiit, waa bom at Banuey. near 
LeeHa. Tbe fMmilv had long been Killed 
at Stretlon, co. Stafford': Diet. Nut. 
BioE. Tii. 6. 

Mark CoriimiTe, or Cnnrgrare, 15*6 : 
R^, Univ. dlf. i. 33J, '" '^ » 

1667. John CoDzraTeand Elii-Otton: 
Uarnage Allege. (Canterbory), p. 316. 

1789. Harried— Thomu Confreve and 
Ilary Oadea: St. Geo. Han. Solil. 17. 

Lonrion, 3, o: MDB. (co-Biattord), 

Conlug.— Bapt. 'the son of 
Conan,' sometimes Conayn and 
Coning; v. Conan. 

Kicliolu fil. Conb^ 1173. A. 

Uichiel Conning. ^. ». 

Peter Conync. P. 

Nicbolai Conyng. H. 

Conliighani,— (i) Local, 'of 
Coningham,' a parish in the dioc 
of St Albans. To be carefully dis- 
tinguished from Cunningham, q.v. 

Robot deCenlngham, London, 1 173. A. 

(a) Local, 'of Conisholmc,' a 
parish in dioc. of Lincoln, formerly 
Coningholmas well as Conishohn. 

Alaa de CaniiH[lHilm, to. Ljnc, 1173. A. 

Atan de CodiureiliofaB, co. Line- 30 
Edw.L R. 

Coningholm is several times the 
surname of this same Alan in the 
Hundred Rolls. In a general way 
(i) must be looked npon as the 
home of the Coninghams of to- 




and Ann Snger : St. Oca Han. : 

Conlngab7, OoniabM, Ool- 
llabe, ConigBby-— Local, 'of 
Coningsby,' a parish in co. Lin- 

colq, eight miles from Morncaslle. 
Conisbee is a manifeat variant. In 
the neighbouring county of Notts, 
Conisbee has become CoUisbe : cC 
baitHuter and balusUr, n for I or 
I for M beitig commoO in nomen- 

Notf. ; FF. 


Thus it IS clear that Conisbee is 
a variant at least 350 years aid ; 
cf. Applcbce for Appleby. 

London, t »,o,oi UDB.<<». N«HX 
0,0, I, o; Philadelphia, a, ot o, i. 

Connlngtoii. — Local, 'of Con- 
nin^n,' parisbes in cos. Cunb. 
and Hunts. My first instance shons 
that there is or was a Conning;ton 
in eo. York. 

Wnllamde Conineton In CraTcne, 11 
Edw.IIl; F™inm QfVotk.i.M.«inb..i«j. A. 

Robot de Conlnloae. co. Bcdr, i(»d. 

Williim de Conlton, co, CamK, ibid 

John dc Conilone, co. Hnoca, ibid. 

Consop. — Local, ' of Conhope,' 
a township in the parish of Ay- 
meslrey, co. Hereford, four miles 
from Pembridge, The surname is 
still distinctly a Herefordshire one. 

1776, MuTwd— joKphEckiandSanh 
Connop : St. Chi. Han. Sq. i. 168. 

Londoa, I ; HDB. {.co. Hmford), 7. 

CoQqueraDt, Conqueror, 
ConqueBtor.~-Nick. ' the con- 
queror,' one who was champioD 
in wrestling, &c.; cf. Campion or 

m CoEtqoenti 

"^n:si ' 

o. wifti, ibid. 

ConqUBBt. — I Local, 'dc la 
Conquest' (I), firom residence on 
some estate won by fighting. I 
can suggest no other derivation 
{v, Canqueranl], Lower says, 
> Hougbton-Conquest. co. Bedfor.l, 
derives its sufBx from the family 
who were possessors of it before 
ia98'(PBlr. BriLp. 67). Conquest 
is stiU a Bedfordshire surname. 

JohnConqnot.eoBtdf., JoEdw.I. R. 

Alicia ConqBHM, co. Bedf., ibid. 

1630. Robert Remminfton and Catha- 
rine CgmioeW : Marriage Lit (Londoo), 

'7'*-^M*"*'^-l'*'' Conqnew and 
Mai7 RiviDEton : Sl Jai. Ckrlcenwell. 

LoDdoB, 5; HDB. (CO. BedTonl', 1: 

Ptiiladdphia, 4. 

Considla*, CoBsentina.— 
Bapt. 'th« son of Constantine,' 
corrupted throu^ Couentine ; cf. 
Consterdine. In Cornwall and 


Devon, where both forms are known, 
Constantine was a favourite font- 
name in the past, as the registers of 
St. Columb Hq'or fully prove. 

Cornwall Dir. (Parmen' Lilt], o. 3 : 
New York. S, o. 

Constable.— Offic 'the con- 
stable,' a peace-officer. O.F. a»w- 

Mar|;anta CooitatHlk, IJ79 : P. T. 

Ricardai 'ConrtabaUila^ 1379: ibid. 

Jotn le Conertable. B, 

Roben le Coneatable. G. 

Jordan Conatabnl', co. NDrthnmb., 

Oenieni le Conealable. «>. Noif., Itnd. 

William Contable, co. Krnt, ibid. 

1617. Married — Hobert Contable and 
Jane Record t St. lai. Clerkanwell, lii 44. 

1639-40. Mannadnke CooMable and 
Anne Davis: Marriage Lie (London), 

London, i> ; PbUadct|Aia, S. 
Conatanoe.— (t) Bapt 'the son 
of Constantine,' popularly Constan. 
With the patronymic a this became 
Constiuis, and then Constance ; v. 
Costain. (a) Bapt. < the son of Con- 
stance,' popularly Custancc, q.v. 
Constance was often a boy's name. 
1J68. Bapt.— ConiUnce, ■. William 
enihe : St. Jaa. Clerkei^well, i. 4. 
[639. ' PetiOon ot CapUin ConUance 
rrarfoi kMseaat Cape BiOan': Cal. 
Stale Papen (Colonial). 

. ... Jo the CiiiiimiKiDT.ei> in lelation to 
the arrival ofaconvoy'; Ibid. (Homel. 

17QJ. Mairied— Georirt Medley and 
Elli. Constance: SLGeo.Kiui.5q.ii.S4. 

Constantine. — (i) Bapt. ' the 
son of Constantine'; M.E. Con- 
stantyn. The name was decidedly 
popular, and as a surname is found 
also in the forms of Consterdine, 
Cossentine, and Considine, q.v. 
Costain (q.v.) was the nick. form. 



il lyjxfea 

; Piers P. 654-5, 

Conitanlinnt Walker, 1379: P. T. 

rorka. p. 147. 

johasnea CoMantyn, IJ79! Ibid. p. 140. 
(,3) Local, ' of Constantine,' a vil- 
age and parish near Falmouth, 

A. ^"^ 

Ro|reT de Coetanlyn, CD. Salop, Ibid- 
170^. Bapt.— Mohn Conitajjtine, whoae 

mMher fell in laboar in the atrect ' : St. 

Michael, Camhill,.p. 16a. 
London, y, Sheffield, 5; Wat Rid. 

Coan Dir.. s; New Ymk, 6, 

Consterdine. — Bapt. ' the son 
of Constantine.' Consterdine is 
found in cos. Lancashire and York- 
shire, where Constantine or Cos- 
tantinc vnis chiefly popularized. I 
do not think there can be any 
question on the subject. Conster- 
dine must be regarded as a variant 
of Constantine. 
UanchcMa, 1 ; Philadelphia, 3. 
Conirerse. — Nick. ' the con- 
vert,' one who had become an 
adherent of the Cburch, one who 
had submitted to Church ordi- 

Ronr IfCoBven. co. GIdbc, an. A. 

Ri3.ard Conve™., co. York ibid! 

John le ConverK, CO. Norf.. Ib'd. 

Dioniac le CoDven, co. Camb.. ibid. 

l63t-6. Jo^ph Mann, gent., of Snd- 
buiy, Sulfi^k, and Mary Eaiei, of Eait 

.. __ ri._._ ._.._ '•-^vr.n, of 


Merie, CO. iaa 
Felden, attcM. ci 


'''Sioo (U.S-), n. 

Coniray. — Local, 'ofConway,' 
one of the few Welsh towns that 
iiave originated a surname. In the 
United Sutes this name has rami- 
fied in a most extraordinary man- 
ner. Aron Conway was settled in 
Virginia in 1693 (Hotten's Lists 
of Emigrants, p, 179). The forms 
of the name in Hotten's Lists are 
Conaway, Conoway, and Conway 

8'. indei) ; c£ Greenaway and 
ttaway for Greenway and Ot^ 

I'Ss. Bapt.— John, a. Rowland Conoy- 
way : St. Jaa. Clerkenwell, i. 1. 

1C84. Married— John Conaway and 
Catherine Bnungan ; SL Ju. Ckrken- 

le'ii, Tliomai Conway and Barbara 
Ban : MarHage Lie (London), ii. 13. 
161,1. John Connaway ud Grace 

1619. But.— Ela., d. John Conoway: 
St. HidiaetCorahilLp. 110. 
London, 11 ; Philaddpfaia, no. 



Con7»ra. — Local, 'de Coig- 
nier*.' Lower says that • Roger de 
Coigniera came into England about 
Ihe end ofthe reign of William the 
Conqueror, to whom the Bishop of 
Durham gave the constablesbip of 
Durham. The family gave the 
suRix to Howton Coignien, co. 
York' (Patr, Brit p. 68). 

AdaiDlc(>ic)0}nvcn,cci.SaC, iiii. A. 

Robot Ic (•ic) Coarcn, en. Sorr, ao 
Edw. L R. 

l6ai. Uirried—JolinBaTTEtt and Sarah 
CoaiEn : St. ]u. Clerkcnwcll. iii. Hi. 

1799. — John BarkET and Caroline 
Conycr* ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. iL 197. 

London, 3 ; Pfailad(il|ihla. 8. 

CoocIl— A manifest variant of 
Gooch, q.v. ; cT. Candlio, Cammel, 
and Crane (a). 

Loadoa. i; HDB. (co. Hnnti). 1; 
BoMon (U.&), I. 

Coode ; V. Coad. 

Cook, Oooka. — Occup, ■ th« 
cook,' one who baked piea, &c, 

'Bremiten, Baken, Bodini, and 

CoDkc*.- >lcn Plowman. 

' Droven, colua, and palten, 
Y^mHHWcra, pybaken. and waTeren.^ 
Cocke Lorelk-i Bole. 
The Corput ChrisU Play (York) 
styles them ' Cukes ' ; the Norwich 
Play includes them among the 
'Vintners, Brewen, Hostlers, and 
Inkeapen,' An ordinance passed 
9 Ric II styles them Cooks and 
Paatetecs (v. my English Surnames, 
3rd edit. p. 365). Coke (q.v.) is ao 
early form. Every early register 
teems writh the name. 
John Cocu CO, Norf., 1173. A. 
AleundCT Co™, mVort ibid. 
BmQia Coca, co. Canib„ ibd. 
Malthew Cocn^ co. Oi/, ibid. 
Ronr ic C00I1, Isnp. 1 10O' H- 
1611. B««.-Itach.d. J. JohoCookr: 
St. pioBii Bnckcliarch. p. 94. 



US.), »73. '9- 

Cooker.— (il Local; v. Coker. 
(9) Occup. : V. Cocker. This variant 
is now only found in the States, 
but it is preserved in English 
registen. The more likely origin 

1797. Uarricd-Samael Cooker sad 

Cooknian.— Occap. ; v. Cock- 
Cooks. — Occup. ' the son of the 
cook ' ; V. Cook and Cookson ; cf. 
Wills and Wilson, Sims and Sim- 
son, Watts and Watson, &c It is 
not often an occupative name takes 
the patronymic as if [t were 1 
personal name, but sometimes sucti 
is the case ; cC TayloisoD, Clark- 
son, Widdowson; v. next article. 
1589. Wiliiam Cooke* and Ann Jen 
— ■- - Huriapl^c'' — '' — ^ ' -"■ 

Oooknon, Cuokson. — Nick. 
'the cook's son'; cf. Taylonon, 
Wrightson, Smitbson, Clarkaon. It 
seems ^kolutely impossible to dis- 
tinguish between Cookson and 
CockaoD (or Coxon), they have 
been so inextricsbly mixed for 
centuries (v. Cocks). Cuckson is a 
Yorkshire variant of Cookson. Il 
is interesting to note that 'Cukes' 
is the style given to lfa« Cooks' 
Company in the York Pageant 
(1415) ; V. ray English Surnames, 
3rd edit. p. 416. 

William Gl. Cod, CO. Norf^i>73. A 

Roljen fiL Cod, co, Snffi. ibid. 

Thomaa CokMu, 1379: P. T. York*. 

''hi'^iyCakeKin, 1437, CO. York. W.ii. 
^,'577. Bapt-Anne Cnkoon; St. Jaa. 

Clerkeawell, 1. 

Coombo, Coombea, Coombs, 
Coomes. — Local ; v. Combe and 
Combes, of which they are van- 


inel Coombi and Jane 
'bid. p. 111. 
* Coombc and Ann 

Coomber, Comber. — Occup. 
'thecomber'j v,Coniber,avariant; 
cf. Coombe for Combe. 


1701. Uanied— John Ball and Manr 
Cflomer: ibid. II 75. 

London, fi,oj New York, 0,1. 

Coope, Coop. — Local, ■ at the 
cope ' ; V. Cope. 

■369-70. Bnried— Etli.Coape: SLjaa 
C1iSlLin«TJl. iv. la >~ ' 

iSRS. BapL— John, a Edwnrde Coope ; 

1657. Married— Malhew Coope and 
Racbaell TaU : Reg. Cantsbniy Calb., 

**' '76a. ~ John Chadwlck and Snanna 
Coope: Sl Geo. Han. Sq. L 143. 

London, 1, ; Pbiladeipfaia, 1, 3. 

CooiMT, Ooaper.— Occup. ' the 
cooper,' a maker of tuba, casks. 
Sic. ; V. Cowpcr. A common and 
early trade-name leaving many 

Alan le Capen, co. Camb., 1171. A. 

Henry le Capper, co. Notu, it^. 

Richard le Cnpare. co. Oif.. ibid. 

Jordan le Capeie, co. Oxf, ibid. 

WiUeloiiu Cooper, 1379 : P. T. York*. 

WiUetma* Uilner, fM/vr, 1379 : IMd. 

Robert Cnpper, bailiff of Yaimonlh, 

1&7. Hamed-Willlam Cooper and 
Winllred Cope ; St. Uickael, Combili, 

l«ndoa, 975, 4 ; New York, 113, a 
Cooperson.— Occup. 'the SOD 
of the cooper'; cf. Taylorson, 
Wrightson, Smithson. 

The Rev, Timoth; Coopenon wn* 
vicar or Bnn[hIor>-in-FanieH, 1749-77; 
Regiiter o( Bronghion Charch. 

Cop«.— Local, 'at the cope,' 
from residence at the summit, or 
cope of the hill, or eminence ; cf. 
Copestakc and Copeland, and v. 

1574- Bnried— -Joane Cope ; St Aadiolin 

1619. ^pt— Uaiy, d. John Cone: St. 

JaiLae.k™*ell.i.64. "^ 

London. 37 ; Fbiladelphla, g& 

Copeland, Copland, Coup- 
Iftud. — Local, ' of Coupland,' a 
township in the parish of Kirk 

Newton, CO. Northumberiand. With 
Copland, cf. Copp. I believe a 
large tract of country in Cumber- 
land also bore this name. The forms 
of the surname in the Utverston 
registers arc Copeland, Coupland, 
Cowpland, Cawpland, and Cape- 
land. I suspect they represent 
the Cumberland locality. John de 



Coupluid wu the hero of the 
battle oT Neville's Cross in 1346. 
He took David Bnicc prisoner. 
No doubt he represented the North- 
umberUnd township. 
David dc Coapctocid, Co. FTonhiuBk, 

Yotka. p. ^]. 


liluTied— WlHiim CairplaBd 1 
■-'■-T, : St Mary, Ulvcntan, - 

p. T. 

1610. Bapt— lanKa, ■. Tan 

a. Clerkenwell, 
o, o; FliilidFlphiii, 3C^ 0, 3. 

Copwtake, CopMtiok, Cop- 
attok, Ca-pstlok, Capstaok— 
Local, 'at the copstalie,' the post 
on the lop of the round bill or 
mound ; cob or cofi, ■ sumoiit. 
< Cop, a mound, a banli, a heap. 
North' (Halliwell) ; cf. coping- 
stone. The name is North EngUah, 
and has undergone several cor- 
ruptions, of which Capstick is the 
commonest ; cf. Cape and Cope, 
Roper and Raper. 

JohaBnaCoiJ««ke,i379: P. T. Vorka. 

Robeniia CowpMak^ 1371): ibid. 

Inarene Cunpatakf '^■' 

loEn Cebdake, ci 

, 1379; ibid- 

a 1440. CO. York. 

Thomai CafMack, vicar of Ad^ 17S1 : 
DDD. ii. 337. 


■John < 
Geo. C 


~ Wllliun Copotlck and Donxhy 

louv. — C«TPe CoMMick and Sophia 
FindJDW : St. Cm. Hon. Sq. ii. iig. 

London, i, 1, c^ a, o ; HanchcMcr, i, ol 
0.1.0; Pralon, 0,1,1, a,o;H.lifMlC»p- 
Kadt), 1 : S«<Ibmrli,o,o,7,o,o: N=» Vcn\ 
(Ct^ickX I i ^ladelpliia, o, 5, o, i, o. 

Copinger, Copplnger. — I 
I cannot get at the derivalion of 
this surname. Mr. Lower's sug- 
gestion is ridiculous: 'The more 
probable derivation is from cofifiiK, 
which Halitwell defines as "a piece 
of^ram taken from the spindle," A 
Coppinger was then, perhaps, in 
mediaeval times, one who had the 
«ue of yarn, or who produced it ' 
(If!): Patr. Brit. p. 68. 

Adam Copiiigavi643 : Reg. St. IKanla 


plactotie.— Local, 'of Coplestone,' 
a hamlet in the parish of Colebrook, 

Hii(rDdcCopli-a»ti>o,co,DeTi)n,iirt. A. 

'577' I*^" (^[^<Mo« and Alice Wood : 
Mjimi^ Lie (London), \.7S. 

Lni« Caplstoqe, co. Utron, 1607 ; 
Oriel ColL : %eg. Unlf. Oif, lol. iLpt.iL 

'■Si,. B.n 

Copley. — Local, ' of Copley, 
hamlet in the township of Skircc 
in the parish of Halifax. Sir & 
frey Copley (d. I709), founder of 
the Copley medal, was a Yorkshire- 
man. The portrait- painter, John 
Singleton Copley, father of Lord 
Lyndhurst, came of a Yorkshire 
family who had settled in Ireland 
in 1661 (v. Diet. Nat. Biog. liL 

RobeitadeCoplay,ij79: P.T.Yorb. 

jDlianiiea de Copdar. '370 : lUd. p. 6. 

WiUelmm de Coppeiav, HTV' ibid. p.54. 

Lionel Coppeky, C. R., 31 Hen. VI. 

170a. Married— Robert MontagB and 
Mary Elii. Copley (of Bath): S. Geo. 
Han. Sq. Ii. 76. 

London. Q ; Weat Rkl. Court DIr., S : 
Sheffield, 13 ; New York, 5. 

CSopner. — Nick, 'the copener,' 
i.e. a lover, a sweetheart; cf. 
Drury or Drewry. 'Cq^tn*r,alover, 
A.S.' (Halliwell). The 

Jenkini: Si. Ja>. ClerkennJl, 

1716. — Andrew Dowm and Mary 
Copner : St. Geo. Han. Sq. i. *. 

London, ij MDB. (cs. Deroo), 1; 
BaniiUple, t ; IITracombe, T, 

Oopp. — Local, 'at the copp,' 
from residence at the top or aifi 
of the hill, or emioencR, ' Coppe : 


top of an bey thyng; cac u m tn' 
(Prompt. Parr.). Way adds an im- 
portant note (q.v.), and quotes the 
WickUfflte version of Luke iv. 09. 
'And they ledden him to the coppe 
of the hil . . . to cast him down ' ; 
cf. Uow Copp, a parish in East 
1331. John de It Coppe, CO, Noif. I FP. 

Riciurd de la Coppe, rector of Oxborgli, 
4 Edw, III : ibid. v<: 190. 

HoirerCoppe, CO. Donet, 137L A. 

RirTiani Coppe, co. Soma, i Bdw. Ill : 
Kitbv'iOoeu, P.IT5. 

1753. huriEd— John Rids and EUi. 
Copp: Sl Geo. Chap, Hayfair, p. 141. 

cSndon, 4 ; New York, 3. 

Copped, CoppkTd.— N ick. ■ the 
copped,' i.e. with the high-peaked 
hat. ' Long coates and copped 
caps' (Sandys' Travels, p. 47). 
' High copt hats, and feathers 
flaunt a Haunt' (Gascoigne, p. 916). 
'A little coppyd hill' (Fabyan, 1. 
■93). 'Copt Hall, more properly 
Copped Hall, was a name popu- 
larly given to houses conspicuous 
for a high-pitched peaked roof ; 
cC Cop^all Court, Throgmorton 
St., London ; Coptball, Epping, &c. 
I gather the above from Hr. Ven< 
able's letter to N. and Q., Oct 03, 
1B86, pp. 334-s ; V. Copestake. 

HeniT Copehode, m. Sods., i Edw. 
HI : Kirby* Qaett, p. ao6. 

Robert Copehode, co. Socn., I Bdw. 
HI : ibid. p. 107. 

HngDleCDppede,CD. Leiceater.i373.A. 

London, o, 3 1 UDB. (co. Saaei), o, 7. 

per, q.v. The first two tbilowing 
names are entered together : 

William le Coopper, 14 Edw, I : Free- 
men of York (Snnea Sot), i. 6. 

loiin de Kendale, af^r, 94 Ednf. I: 

John le Coppar, of Bndleirhe, co. 
SoiBi,, I Rdw. Efl : Kiri)y'BQneM.p.i31. 

John le Coppue, at LoUeihani, co. 
Soon.. I Bdw. til; Ibid. 

Robert le Couier, C, R,, 4< Bdw. ItL 

1747. Maitled-WilUam Coppw and 



Hamuli Mapla: St. Ceo. Chip. Uw- 
bir, p.86. 
LoDdon, I : Pbiladelphli, I. 

Copparbo&rd. — Nkk. 'with the 
copper- coloured bc»rd ' ; v. Brown- 
beard, Blackbeard, &c. 

RotMt Coperbml. N. (y. iiid«). 

Copperwheat. — Local, ' of 
Cowperthwaile'; v. Cowperthwait, 
a variant. Almost all [he sumamei 
ending in Ihtaaiii hail from North 
England, especially (torn cos. Cum- 
berland and Westmoreland, and 
the Furneas portion of Lancashire. 
This suffix has ever been loo big ■ 
mouthful in the south; cf. Apple- 
while for Appletbwaite, or Hebble- 
white for Hebblethwaite. 

St. J, 


well. iinS, 

IJOT-S. Berr CoopMlhwaitt and Uar. 
prel Crookc; Muriaie Uc {London), 

1667. Muried— Waller Cowwrlhwalte 
■nd Inbell Tawnm : St. Uary, Ulvu- 

Mward CnwpenhwaitE, of Cannwll, 
16^: Lucaih^ Willa at Richmond. 

Henry Oi»u e i tbwaTte, of Caitmell, 
167J ; Ibid, 
1761. Murlcd — Jama Driikv and 

Sarah Cowpenhnite : Sl Uary, Ulver- 

171^7. — John Stanley and Uaitha 
Coppenhlte ; St. Geo. Han. Sq. 1. 181. 

177a -' Edward Enioll and Sarah 
Copperthwiie : iUd. p. 100. 

Coppin, Coppen, Ooppius, 

CopplDB, Ooi^MnB.—Sapt 'the 
son of Copin,' i.e. Jacob. An early 
French equivalent of Italian Coppo, 
the nick, of Jacob, dim. Coppin ; 
cfL Rob-in, Col-in, &c The g in 
Copping is, of course, ao excres- 
cence ; cf. JenniDg for Jenin. 
■^in, or Comrn, or Jacob de Troye, 

Herveni C«pin,'co. Camb.. lUd. 
Ivo CoFHti, CO. Camb., jbid. 
Alexander Copping;, co. Norf- ibid. 
Richard Copplne, co. Hanti, Ibid. 
Cf. iacop de Painton, co. Line, IbM. 
RlfJiard Coppvni, co. Soma, 1 Bihr. 
Ill: Kirby'i Queu. p. iig. 
Jeanne. Copyn. j6e**r, 1379: P. T. 

Robrn CoMHD. rertor of Helhel. co. 

This is the district where the 
name was popular ; v. Instances 

London, 8,411, ),o; Newrori(,i,o, 

Gopplngar \ v. Copinger. 

Oopple, Coppfill, CoppeL— 
Local, 'of Coppull,*a township and 
pariah near Chorley, co. Lane. 

Henty de CophnlL of Ornukirfc, Co. 
Lane, 13^- Lay Snbaldy {Rylanda), p- 

'^n de CrHdiaH; of CoppchaH; n 
Lane, IJ31 : Ibid, p. 4a 

Elinbclh Taylor, of Coppol, n'dbw, 
1501 : Will, at CheMei (lUJ-ifiloX p, iBB, 

Richard Coppl<) of Xlntree, pirUi of 
Sephion, 1606 ; ibid, p. 44. 

Paul Copple. of KiAiWe, 1607! Ibid. 

Edward Standanoaght, of Copple, 

Li¥erpooL, 1, 1, i ; Manchester, o, 1,0: 
NewY,Jrk,o,i, ». 

Coppoek, CoppBo]£,Copp&k, 
Coppiok, Coppuok.— I Local, ' of 
Coppoek ' (1), probably some small 
estate in E^ast Cheshire. The sur- 
name with its variants is confined 
to that district and South Lanca- 
shire. Thomas Coppoek, the Jaco- 
bite and pretended Bishop of 
Carlisle, who waa drawn, hanged, 
and quartered in that city in 1746, 
was a tiativeof Hanchester; while 
James Coppoek (1796-1857), the 
famous electioneering agent, and 
one of the founders of the London 
Reform Club, was bom at Stock- 
port (v. Diet. NaL Biog. xi\. 193), 

Thnnia* Coboke, 1379; P,T. Yorki-p. 

William Coppoek, of Hontngtan.faair, 
1J07 : WilU at tbe«ei (1545-1610), p, 44. 
^ane Coppoek, of Nether Peover, 1603: 

In a deed concerning some rights 
and privileges belonging to a ferry 
in the township of Northenden, 
dated 1539, one of tbe witnesses is 
Geoffrey Coppoek (East Cheshire, 
L 96B). 

17S9, Married— WiUUm Coppack and 
Harnret Dewiek : St. Geo. Han. Sq. 

This surname has crossed the 

Uancbeater, A I, 1, o, o; London, 
I. 0,0, I, Oj Fhuadelphia, 1, o, 0lO,4■ 
0opaOIl.~B■pL ; T. Cobb. 

Corbett, Corbitt, Corbet— 
I Local. Said to be of Normati 

extraction. Lower aaya tquoling 
Courthope's Debretl), 'Corbet, a 
noble Nonnan, came into England 
with the Conqueror, and from his 
son Roger Corbet descended the 
baronial house, as well as the 
families of the name now existing ' 
(Pair. Brit. p. 68). 

Peter Corbet, CO, Deron, lajl- A 

Allanor Corbet, CO. Bl]<^k^^ ibid. 

FeLida Corbet, ca Kanti, Ibid. 

There arc many other entries 
relating to the lamily in the above 

a Coibel, 10. NorthampL, 30 


1S81. Uarried-Francii Qoicke and 
Haiie Corbitei St. Dionia Backclmrch, 

'^i%g. - Richard Lee and Anne Car- 
belt ; St. Michael, ComhilL p. i& 

London, 37, 1,0 ; Bouaa(D.S.),7l, o, I. 

Corbin, Corbyn-— Local, 'of 
Corbin.' I cannot identifythe place. 

r ime. 



PIriladelplila, 13. 1. 

CorblBhley.— Local. A place 
in the parish of Wilmslow, co. 
Cheshire, mentioned circa raoo (v, 
iofla), 'together with the hamlets 
of StyhiJe, Curbichelegh, and 
Northdifie' (Earwaker's East 
Cheshire, i. 4a). ' From this place 
a family named Cutbishley, real* 
dent in this township for many 
generations, derived their name' 
(ibid, p, 138). 


nn, I- 



Corbold. •bould ; v. Cobbold. 

Corbrldge, Corltldga.— Local, 
'of Corbridge,' a parish in the 
union of Hexham, co. Noithumber- 

H«[T rle CorhHe, mirauor, 4 Ed*. 
II : Fimnni tH Vorl, i. 14- 

SheSeld. I, 1 ; Dooculer, t, o. 

Corby.— Local, ' of Corby,' 
parishes in coi. Lincoln siid 

Alan lie Coiby, co. Line, U73. A. 

HaiCT de Coritr, co. Lck., itnd. 

Oabcit de Conby. " ' ■-- "-=■* 


• Thomu Corbj ■ 

Corbjni, Carbine, CorUn. — 
(1) LociU, 'of Gjrbyn,' probably a 
Nonnan locality. (9) BapL 'the 
son of Corbin.' Unquestionably 
there are two origins. 

Hilo de Corbyn, co. Devon, Hen. III- 
Bdw. I. K. 

PeliBi Corbyn, CO. Devon, ibid. 

Waller Coibyti, co. Soma., 137J. A. 

HarcreTy Conim. co- Cajnb-. iDi<L 

RalA CoAin, CO. OiT.. ibid. 

^ Robeii. Boti of Cortiao, had a fl;mni of 
alordiblp.* 'CorbanaUo had (lie^iaiit 

1616.* Married— lobn Baker and Uar- 
garett Corbin : St. Jaa. Ckrken well, lii.43. 

LoDdon, ], 1, o; Crockford, 1, o, u; 
Philadelpbia, a, o, 13. 

Cordeaux, Cordukeo, Cor- 
deux, Corduke.— 1 Local. 

1779, Married-Matthew Cordeni and 
Snaanna Dodd ; Si. Geo. Han. Sq. L 306. 

York, I, a, Q, o; London, 1, o. a, o; 

Corderoy, Cordery, Cord- 
re;, Cordaroy, Corderey. — 
Local, 'of the Ropery.' While 
there is every temptation to tall in 
with Hr. Lower's statement that 
Corderoy is ' Cnur-du-roi, king- 
luartid,' there is no evidence to 
support iL In fact tbe name is 
local, being, I presume, the French 
cordtru, a rope-walk ; cf. Ponunery 
and Pomeroy, or Cowderoy and 

John de 1b Conkrlp, n Edw. I; BBB. 
p. 46s. 


Peter de Corderoy, 11Q7. H. 
Eroma Qnenleray, 13J9 : P. T. Yorka. 
D. IlS. 

John Corderor, 1440^ W. 11. 
ohn Conlrey, 1531 : Re^. Univ. Oit 
i. 16s. 

WiJliam Corderoy, married, 1719-30; 
5l Dionia Backdnrcli, London. 

1577. Married— William Wyllvo and 

AnneCordrye : SLMichael.CorohllLp. 11. 

1691. Buried— Fbilip,!. FtiilipCordcroy: 

London, J, J. 5, i, o; Phlladelpbia, 
o, s. I, o. 1. 

Cordlnar, Cordner, Codner. 
— Occup. 'the cordwainer,' i.e. 
shoemaker, one who made shoes 
of Cordovan leather. ' Sowtare, or 
cordewaner (cordynare), sutor, alu- 
iarius ' : Prompt. Parv. 

Richard Kyrkna, lor^nur, 1539 : Ibid. 
p. 194. 

As an occupative term ' cord- 
wainer' is only just dying ouL 
Both 'souter' and 'cordwainer' 
occur in the following entry : 

Kobeitu) Scoter, cordnmnar, 1379: 
P. T. Yorka. p. 41. 

Kobeit Homeclyf, anfymr, 1543! 
Pieemen of York, i. 364. 

London, 0,0, 41 F|]iliule]pfaia,o, 3,0. 

Cordlngley, Cording^.— Lo- 
cal, ' of Cordonley.' I have not 
discovered the precise spot, but we 
may fairly assume that it was some 
small eaUte aituated in the West 
Riding of Yorkshire. The instance 
below from the Poll Tax (1379) 
occurs at Bowling, near Bradford. 

Rlcardna de Conknlay, 1379: P. T, 
Yorka. p. iSj, 

I7t)£- Marripd— Jacob Baleman and 
Mary Coidineley: St. Ceo. Han. S^. 

1803. — Habert Bnahby and Ann 
Coidinelry ; ibid. p. 300. 

WeM RW. Conit 6ir., 4, a ; Fkila- 
delphia, 4, ). 

Cordwln, Corden, Cording, 
Cordln. — Local, 'the Cordovan,' 
an smigrant Irom Cordova, in 


Spain; v. Cordiner. It is- very 
probable that Corden and Cord- 
ing (with excrescent ^1 are 
variants. ' His shoon of Corde- 
wane,' Chaucer, Sire Thopas. 

LambenCordewan, co.OiT.. 1373. A. 

i.^. Married -Wiiliam Conlen and 
Jone Ualvn : St Feler, Canbtll, i. nj. 

l6i). Henry Cordywen ana Alice 
Tuckwell : Marrian Lie. (Londonl ii. ij. 

1796. Mairied-^obn Hammaad and 
Hanba Cocdwin: St. Ceo. Han. Sq. 

London, o^ J, 1, o ; N«w York, 0,0,0, i. 
Corker.— Occup. 'the calker,' 
one who calked tubs. ' The an- 
cients of Gebal, and the wise men 
thereof, were in thee thy calketa,' 
Ezekiel xxvii. 9 (marginal note, 
'stoppers of chinlw'). Corker is 
a North-English surname, and 
found for centuries in Fumess and 
Yorkshire alongside Cooper and 
Tubman. The only Corker in the 
Diet. Nat. Biog. (xil 317), viz. 
James Corker C'63*-'TS). Bene- 
dictine monk, was a native of 

ied - John Corker : Reg. 

J^* B 




1639. Mamea- Jonn wainna ara 
Marjery Corker : St. Antholin (LondonX 

170^. Bapt.— Anne, d. of John Corker; 
Reg. St. llaiy, Uiverwon, p. aoi. 

1713. HarTtarrt Corkn Hark-houe 
Bank, Colton ; LancaJiire Willa at 
Riehraond, p. 66. 

iSoS. John Bnrt and Martha Corker ; 
Si. Geo. Han. Sq. ii. 397. 

Weit Rid. Court Dir., 1 ; Sbeffield, 4 i 
Boidan (U.S.), 3 ; New York, 1. 

Comall, Camay, ComelL — 
Local, 'of CornalL' Some small 
estate in tbe Fylde district, CO. 
Lane, to be distinguished from the 
South-English Cornell, q.v. That 
the Lancashire surname Comey is 
a variant of Comall ii beyond dis- 
pute ; cf. Presoe for Presall. The 
Carter family are described as ' of 
Stainair(i'j33li 'of Stana' (1719), 
and Stanoe (1690) ; v. Lancashire 
Wills at Richmond, ii. 51. 

John Comall, of Comall, 1673 : Lnn- 
cuhlm Wllta at RicbiDDod, i. 73. 

Henry Carter, of Comae, 1661 : ilrid. 

Mun Comey, otRoaaker, 1666; ibid. 



Rtdnrd Comer, oC Gnoull, 15711 

Luicuhin WiU< u Richiwrnd, <- Ji- 

Richard Cornnh, of Grwuill, 17J7: 
LuKuhin Willi >t Richmond, il. 61I 

John Comall, DTGrHulI, il^a : lUd. 

Latmocc Ccnoc, of Cr*«iallh| 1666: 

Bcarr Corull, of Rosiker, uckli of 
KirUian, 1711 : ibid. 

Rowland Cornah, of RoHkcr, 1736: 

Thus Conull, Comah, Cornoe, 
and Corney ar« «ll varisnts of one 
name, the locality seeming to lie in 
or adjacent Co the parish of Kirk- 
tiam. Even Greenall mentioned 
above is found b9 Greenoe. 

Ellen Cnmall, of Grccnoc, i6gi : Lan- 
cnsliirE Willi at Richmond, IL (A. 

LinrnooL 1, 3, o; PreMon, t, o. o; 
Kirkbam, 0,0,1; FhiladdpUa, a,i.4S- 

ContBllue. — BapL 'the son of 
Cornelius.' This is not an English 
surname. At least I find no trace 
of the font-nBDie on En^ish soil 
in the tath, 13th, and 14th centuries, 
the period when font-names were 
being turned into permanent sur- 
names. Cornelius and Cornelia 
became very popular tn the Low 
Countries through the fact that 
relics of the nurtyred Pope Corne- 
lius were placed in the Chapter of 
Rosnay, in Flanders (v, Yonge, i. 
314). The actress, Theresa Cor- 
Delys (1733-97) took the name 
frmn Comelis de Rigerboos. a 
gentleman at Amsterdam (Diet. 
Nat Biog. lii. 333), Lucas Cor- 
neliu Ci+9S-'S5a '). historical 
painter, was son of Comelis 
Engelbrechtsen, of Lcyden (ibid, 
p. 333). II is true John Cornelius 
(1557-94), ^' Jesuit, was born at 
Bodmin, co. Cornwall, but hi* 
parents were Irish (ibid. p. sss), 
and Cornelius (pet Comey) has 
been a popular font-name in the 
Emerald Isle for many 
^ IS71. Ba|it.-]< 


ConKlioa, a itrannr; St. Michael. Com- 

1575. Hanied— Peter Boner and Chrl» 
tianCanKlb: Ibid. p. 11. 

London. 5 ; l1iiladel|Aia, 16. 

ComalL— (i) Local, 'of Corn- 
bill,' a part of London. As regards 
the derivation of the Lancuhire 
Cornells, v. Comall. 

Stephen de ConhrJI. or Cotnbille, or 
Canfiall, or Conill (Londgnk 137J- A. 
Reginald de Comliull co. Kent, ibid 
Robert deCoTnfanll, Hwriffof London, 
i»«: WWW.pp.187, iga 

1581. Baried— Uar^iecConhill: Re^. 
St. AntboUn (London), p. iS. 
(a) Local, 'ofCorowall.' 
R(iiwadeCocMnRU,cD.OxCii73. A. 

(3) tBapt. 'the son of Com- 
wel "^(1). 

Matilda Coranel, co. Cainb., T173. A. 

Robert ComneL m Cusb., ibid. 

1707. Manird— John Palmer and Sarah 
Comall : St. Michael ComhilL p. ^4. 

London, 14; Biiladclphii, 48. 

Comer. — There are three dis- 
tinct origins of this 
local, (a) an offidal, (3) 
palive origin. 

(i) Local, 'of the co 
Heame and Wray. 


Etc Cornerr, CO. Soma, 
ly'a Qnea, p. 85. 
■tteConKTT, ijp7. 
lomcr, 1J79: P.T.Yo 

Rand Comer, 1379: P.t, Yorktp.i6j. 
(a) Official, ' the coroner,' cor- 
rupted to 'comer.' 
GraBny Coronator, co. Snff.. 1973. A. 
Henrv (e Corooncr, co, SdIT, ibid. 
John le Conma, 130}, M, 
Richard Ciowner, C R-, 15 Hm. Vt 
(9) Occup. 'the corner,' Le. a 
player on the bom, Fr. tortu. 
Cornel, the dim., is sdll a ftmiliar 

Comoftco. Orf., U73. A. 
mer, co. Derby, ibid. 

niuiam le Connr. London, lUd. 

'Wiard In Comer jobn Is Hatper, 
Racer le Tnunper, and Tboniai le VIefour 
*ere the Ktng-i llioatrdi': Wardrobe 
AccoiDt, 1 EdW. III. n/io. 

Loiidao,9; New Ybrk, 11; PhiUdel- 

Comey.— (i) Bapt 'the son of 
Cornelius,' q.v., popularly Comey. 
(a) Local, ' of Comey, a parish 
near Bootle, co. Cumberland. The 
suffix seems to be -Jiry or -liay, q.v. 

Robert de Comay, co. Lane, 1133 : 
Lay Snbrtly (Rylanaix p. 9S- 

RoKErdBConiay,co.Lanc.,ij3i: (bid. 

'''1H6. William Holluid and Florence 
CoTTiye ; ManiaR Uc (LxondonV i. 9. 

1743. MarTifd-John Comey and Blit 
Geary 1 St. Geo. H«n. Sq. i. j6. 

LondiiD,5 ; Liverpool.s ; Plitkde]pMa,B. 

Conifbrt1i,ComA>rd — Local , 
'of Comforth,' a township in the, 


tered as Bradforth in the York- 
shire Poll Tax (1379) ; v. Ford and 

Bleanor Comforth 1 St. Geo. Han. Sq- 
ii. iSi. 

1809. — Dark] CareTard and Sarah 
Howe* ; ibid. p. 418. 

London, 1, 3. 

Comlah.— Local,' the Cornish,' 
a Cornish man. A corruption or 
abbreviation of Comwallis, q.v. 
Also cf. Kentish and Devonish. 
We do not expect to find Cornish 
in Cornwall, but in Devonshire. 
Coming over the border the stran - 
ger would be called (Ornish from 
the county he had left. Hence 
Cornish Is rare in Cornwall and 
common in Devonshire. We may 
safely conclude Ihat when we find 
Cornish in Cornwall the bearer 
has returned to the county whence 
his ancestors sprang. 

WUIiain CotnUi. D. 

MarniT ComM. H. 

WalusrCoreeyi, eo. Soma.. 1 Ed«. Ill : 


: Uarriare Lie. (London) 

Loadon, 17; MDB. 'co. Deron), 31 ; 

(Coni«-*ll), a : Bamoa I.V.S.), 14- 

Conunonger. — Occup. ' the 
commonger.' This surname, I 
fear, is obsolete ; cf. Healmonger, 
Haymonger, and Oalmonger. 

Walter le Commanter, C.R..10 Bdw. L 

HnghleCominon|Fer.cs.Oif, 1173. A. 

Ralph le CommonEn'. T. 

Heiu7leCamiDongtre,iacp. 1300. M. 

Geotficy Commanirer. cok Soma, 
I Edw. Ill ; Kiiby'a CfusU, p. 100. 

Comthwoite. — Local, ' of 
Cornthwaile,' one of the many 
North-English local surnames wilh 
suffix -tktuaiU (v. Thwaites). It is 
found in the North Lonsdale and 
Fumeas district of Lancashire. 
Richard Comcthwet, of Silnrdale, 
WUTa a- "--'■ -' 

at Richmoo 
Robert Comethinitt, i£ Calon, 1636 : 

^oha Coraethwait, of Barton, 1664: 
i6o>. Harried— Thocnai Pell and JaKa 

Ctmlimit: St. Mary, Vlnnton, L 19S 

,y t^OOg IC 


I7»8. B^t.— John. LThemu Com- 

OomwaU, ComwelL — Local, 
from CD. CornwiU ; cT. ICeot, Lanca- 
shire, Derbyshire, Sic v. Comiah. 
HbEQ de Comiib\ CO, Devcfi, iJ7v ^ 
Roocr de Comnb', co. Berki, ibid 
"ngt, Comwell, eo. Oif., ihil 
offny de Corninyle. B. 

Hneh Comwdl, CO. Oif., i 

Geolfn7 de Cornwivlt B. 

Winter de Comsain^ 1313. — 

Robert Conwal, CO. Somi, 1 Edw. Ill : 
Kb-bj** Qae*t, p. 17a. 

1565. Bdward Tiaite and Joanua 
CociwikU: Marriage Lie. (LoDdiM), 

Leake: ibid. _. 

I^. Uarried — RkJiard DbtIi and 
Uarl Onvell : St. Diooia Backchaitb, 

Loodoo, i,u; Philadelphia, 3. 14. 
ComwtUUo. — Local, ' the 
Comwaleys,' i.e. the Comishnum ; 
cf. 'Wallace ' (Inglerain le Wakji : 
B.), a Welibmao. 

Thomaa le Carawalqx, co. Noif., 

^irix Corevalqn, eo. Nocf, IbkL 

Philip Ic Corawilen. L. 

Waller le Coniewaleji. X. 

Hu'hleComwalche.ea.Soman t Edw. 
Ill : Kirby'a QueM, p. 110. 

Tkafnai Cornwafleia, co. Ncsl, isSa : 
FF. li. 376. 

isa6. William Saada and EHx. Corn- 
walSii : Marriaee Lie, (London), L 355. 

an. Married— Hon. Edward Cmt- 
a and Hon. Maiy Tomabeod : Si. 
Geo. Han. Sq. I. 40. 
LoadoB (Coon bii.), i. 

OOTp*, Corp.— Local, ' of Corp.' 
I have not discovered the spoL 

Stepbea de Corp, co. Lbc, 1373. A. 

SlmM Com, London, 10 Bdw. 1. R. 

lahn Corp, co. Soma. 1 £dw. HI: 
KJr^iQnoi, p.331. ^ 

1744. fiirricd— HarTT Corp and Ann 
TSt. Geo. Chap, lltjimaz, p. 41. 

■ Soi. — Richard Corn aad FnnCEj 
Cottrcll: SlGm. Hao. Sq.lLaia. 

LoadoD, s, I j UDU. (oo. Soam\ r, 1. 

Corry. Coiria, Cory, Carry, 
Cnrrle, Curwy,— Local, ' at the 
conie.' Sach at leatt seems to 
be the origin of this well-known 
Scotch surname. It is introduced 
here simply because it loolci Eng> 
liah, and is found in one variant or 
another in every considerable Eng- 
liah town. Sir Walter Scott, in his 
L«dy of the Lake, baa 

' Fkct l«at is ibe nnl^' 

1741). Thomu Thompnn and Ana 
Corrie: ibid, p. 134. 

London, n I, 7, 14, iS, 7; Philadelphia, 
18, 3, '. >*6. ". 'O. 

Corsellls.— ! Local. A Dutch 

'Local CorBlli^ (on of Local Covllis, 
chrltt^attheDmchChBrch, ■'-■■■ "-- 

161 r-3. Bapt.— Locaa ConclUii ibid. 

Corser, Conar i v. Cosser. 

Cort. — Local, ' at the court,' an 
enclosure, a mansion (v. Court) ; 
H.E. cort. 

Richard le Cort, co. Oif., 1173. A. 

This, no doubt, ought to be ' de 
la Cort.' The error is coounon in 
early registers, 

ij8^. Stephen Swan and Elli. Carte : 
Uajnan Lk- (London). 1, 117. 

iTJi.MarHed— John Cort and Harnret 
Kinii : Sl Jaa, Ckrkeawell, Hi. 147. 

London, 1 ; Crockford, 1 1 New York, 3. 

Cortliom ; v. Cawthorn, 
CortlB.— Nick. ; v. Curtis. 
'fS'-*' Bapt.— Suanaa Corteva, d. 
William Cotteyt : St. Diooia Backdiorch, 

''Z^don, l; New York, a. 

Cosgrore, Coogrwe, Cob- 
grlfll — Local, 'of Cosgrove,' a 

parish in co. Northampton. 

Crockford, o, 1, o; London. 1. o. o; 
ManchmlK, 4, v^ D ; Liverpool, 4, 1, a : 
New York, 67. o. 3. ' *^ 

Ooner, Corser, Corsftr. -^ 
(i) Occup. ' the corviser,' I.e. the 
sbocnuker. These are modifica. 
lions. 'William Smyth, corviser, 
1397 '( Preston Guild Rolls, p, 10). 
A curious feminine fonn is to be 
met with in the directoiy for the 
Chester Pageant, wherein it is 
ordered that the ' Corvesters and 
Shoemakers ' do march toother 
(Ormerod's Cheshire, p. 301). 
' And that the corvesers bye ther 
lether in the seid yeld halle ' 


(Ordinances of Worcester, Eoglilh 
Gilds, p. 371). ' Porters, fesy- 
cyens, and corsers' (Cocke 
Lorelle'* Bote). 

Rali^leCoreTiKr, co.Oif., i>7]. A. 

HeniT le Corevner, co. Hnnli, ibid. 

William le CoreviKT, co. Salop, ibid. 

Ciiatiaa Corveieer. co. Hanig, ibid. 

(a) Occup. 'the corser,' a dealer in 
horses. The king's corser was an 
officer who acted as king's ^ent 
in purchasing horses. 'Johannes 
Mar^r, corserc,' occurs in an old 
Oxford record, dated 1451 (Hun. 
Acad. Ozon. p. 616). 'Corsoure of 
horse, maR^': Prompt. Parv. p. 94. 
Honnan says, ' Coiseis of horses 
(mangones) by false menys make 
tbem lake fressbe ' ; v. Way's note 
above. The Hundred Rolls 
(1073) have no instance of the 
while of (t) the instances 
are many, 

" -, stio 

•I. Ill : ibid. p. 3a 

«r, 9 a 

tSjS. Bapl.— John, a John Cotaer, 
dni/rnvrlur: Sl Peter, Corrhill, i. 19. 
-'a. ~ Kaihirine, d. John Coner, 


; CrocUbrd, D, 1, o 


Co«t, Coat«.— Bapt 'the son 
of Constantine,' from nick. Cost ; 
cf, Cust, the nick, of distance, 
Constantine was a popular (bnt- 
name in Cornwall ; v. Considine. 

Rkhard Gl. CoMe. Hen. lll-Edw. L K. 

William, ion of Co« Cardew, 191 : 
Rr«. St. Coinnih Major, p. 6. 

Com Batte, and Emblem hi* wiO^iSili: 

Londoa, 1, 4 ; FtiiUddphia, i, a 

Coat&badie ; v, Custobodle. 

CoBtaln, CoBtln, 
Coaton.— BapL 'the son of Con* 
stantine ' (familiarly Costantine), 
from nick. Costain or Costin. This 
nick, lasted lill the 17th century. 

ijSe. Married -CooUantine Maada 
IniTlubelll Hank»; Rrir. Keiffblev, 
York. (N. and p. July 3, '886). 

1617. Bnried— tW wife o( CoRaine 
Mniidr: ibid. 

13S]. Bapl. — ladith, d. of Coatane 
Hawdi R<:e. KaBfai, Yorka. 

1507. Boned-^Biony, aon of Coitia 
RoKmon : ibid. 

160a. — CoMaoBi Hand : Uod. 



Cadn Rulnr, to. SoE, iin. A. 
ImMIt CoBin, to. SuR., iM. 
CkmId de Bc&, n. Saff,. ibid. 
JofanCoatvn, iTiiiyaTa'L.]mn,co-Horf^ 
temp. H™. Ill : FF. iriiL 491. 
Richard Cottyn, co. Socna., I Bdw. Ill : 

Waieliu.d<!i,>.ri379; P. T. York*. 

Robrrtu Cortyn, 1379: ibid. 
lohuiM* CattjofOB, 1379; ibid, p, J07. 
WUliam CoxaDlyn {till), or CoMJ^ 

' " — CoiHlVltni (IJH), TrtDIDRl Ol 

]rBc<tfordini305. U. 
idn* Comtyne (ij«7-9j1, ■ftcr- 
nrcs Kiiawii u httkk Aduiwiti, k di>- 
tnniriKd Stotdi prelate, wnite hii lucie 
vartoiulf Coniteuie, Cooiton. CoasUni, 
and ConatiiDtinB. AbonI Ihe year IJ76 

be u 

d Ibe lu 

I ; FhiladdpblB. o, 

hit adnnuies did not fail to tvit bim cm 

To^called CMeiiw he tbo' (tbongbt) 

He nilie up COatantiae to Dame 

Now Doctor Adaiuone at laic." ' 
DicLNai-Bioe. Liia. 
' The Weat Derby Board ai GoaTdiaoa 
met Tenerday . . , present among cSbera, 
Dr. Coa^ne' ; Uveipool UacBty, Joly j^ 

1617. BarM— Fiance* CmImi, Kit4aw ■- 
Stfttet, Corahill,!. -- 

OoBtello, Coatelloe, Ocwtal- 
low.— Lacal, ' of Costello," L c, the 
barony of Costello, co. Mayo, Ire- 
land. Dudley Costello, the journal- 
ist, although bora in Siunu, was 
■OD of James Francis Costello, bom 
in the barony of Cootcllo (v. DicL 
Nat. Biog. xiL 976). It seems 
strange that Philaidelphia should 
poasesa (if we averg^ five to a 
family) over 500 Costelloa, and 
London be to poorly represented 
in its directory. 

London, 3, r, 1 ; Crockibrd, 5, 0, o fall in 
IriahbeoeScca;; Pbiladclpliia, 117,0^0. 

OoBter, Covtar. — 1 Kict ; 
'nuod'headed,' like a costard or 
apple. Undoubtedly Costard with 
the f