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" He . . . aonsht to flad out seecptable woida."— Solomon. 



, Coo^sl^' 




This nork u already lo extennvelj known, and bo highly appre- 
ciated, by the inBtructora of youth, that the Editor ha* little occaaion 
to enlarge either upon its plan or its meriti. 

The numeroua errori which had escaped rerision in conducting 
the former Edition through the press, must have tended, in a 
measure, to diminish its usefulness. It has now been caretiilly 
revised, and the greater part entirely re-written. The deriva- 
lions, it is believed, will be found very correct and complete; 
conaidetable piuns having been bestowed upon this portion of the 
work, in order to trace each derivative to its source. A few instances 
will, however, be found, in which the ori^n of a word is involved 
in obscurity, either through the gradual corruption which the lapae 
of ages entails upon our etymology, or by reason of our partial 
knowledge of some of the ancient tongues. In such esses, the 
Editor has preferred to confess ignontnce by a silent omission, rather 
than hazard a janciful conjecture in which no confidence could be 
placed. Much attention also has been paid to the definitions, which 
will, it is hoped, convey to the mind of the learner the distinctive 
meaning of each separate Synonyme, which it is endeavored to render 
still clearer by the examples which follow of its most correct and 
authorized appUcatlon and use. 

In conclusion, a comparison of this with the former Edition will 
enable the teacher to judge how far the Editor has realized the ' 
chief object of these labors, which has been to present to the youth- 
ful student a more efGcient guide in this department of English 
literature, and to render the work more worthy of that patronage 
with which the public honored its predecessor. 




Tbb foUowii^ work requires but few wordi to recommeiid it to 
the public notice. Before the appeuimce of Mr. Crabb's elaborate 
performance on English Syuoujmei, there wu no publication on 
the subject worth; of notice. The learned are under great obliga- 
tions to Mr. Crabb for filling up what was " considered a chasm in 
Englisb literature." Still a woric on a smaller scale, and with mofe 
ease of reference, suitable for icboob and for peraona in general, 
was a desideratum. Under tiii* Tiew, the picaent " Dictionaiy of 
Synonjmea " was compiled. The writer felt the want of such a 
work during the many years be was engaged in the instructdon 0> 
youth ; and he baa some confidence that this Dictionary will be £a- 
Torabl; received by the heads of Seminariea, and private Teachers, 
and that it will be the means of assiating the English student in 
acquiring a knowledge of his native language, and tbe proper dis- 

This Dictionaiy contains many m 

e Synonym 

I than are to be 

found in any work eitant ; the Alphabetical Index, at the end, will 
at once eihihit all the words contained in the work, and direct to 
the page where each particular word may be found. 


At. ilanii/or Arabic 




0. E. 


O. P. 








Sp. . 


Sw. . 




rr. ifoub/or Irish. 





ABANDON, [ban and dorner, to pre over to tlie ban, or proiaip- 

tion, FY,] to forsake utterly, to cast off. 
DaSBBT, [desero, to forsake, L.] to run anay from one'i colon ; 

to quit meanly or treacherotulj. 
Lbavb, [Iff/an, S.] to deport from. 
FoRSASB, [forttean, S.] to leave in retentmentor diilike. 
Rblinbuibh, [relinquo, L.] to withdraw a claim to. 
Quit, [jaiMer, F.] to leave or part with. 
RieiON, [re, back, signo, to sim ot lend, L.] to pve up. 
Rknounce, [re and nuncio, to declare, L.] todiiown; tocaatoff. 
Abdicati, [abdica, L.] to reai^ an otBce or tnut. 
SuBBBNDBR, [jur, and rmire, r.] to deUver up. 
Yield, [gieldan, to pay, S.l to give way. 
Cbdb, [cedo, to g^ve up, L.J to give up to another. 
CoNCBDB, [concedo, L.] to grant ; to admit aa true. 
FoREoo, [fore and go] to refiain from any enjoyment or pos- 

Bad psnntB abnnJon thnr chQdren ; men abaHdon the nnfortauate objecte 
of their goiltj pauioos ; a mariDer abandons his Yessel and cargo in a atorm 
when he has lost all hope of saving tbeca ; ve abatidtm^aar houses and pro- 
perty to the spoils of aa iavadiDg army; men arc abaridoaed^hy tbevrfti^aAi ; 
they abaadm Ihemselve* to unlawful pleajiires ; we dficrl a port, or atafion ; 
leave the conatry i forsake compankms ; nUngyish claims ; quit business ; 
the sou] qidta the body. 

Raign an office ; remnmer a prafto^n, tiie inidd ; abdiealt a throne ; 
turrender a town ; lurraider what we have in trust ; ttdt a province ; con- 
cede a point ; yiM to an (niponeot ; peld not to temptation ; resign em 
offlee ; abaitdm a meaanre ; forega a claun, or a pleasure. 

ABANDONED, nnniug without reatraint. 

Pboflioatb, [profitgaltis, L.] shameleas in wickedneiui. 

Reprobatb, [rgiroAo, to disallow, L.] lost to virtue; loat to grace. 

Projtigalt, abandoned, Rod reprobate persons, or characters. The young 
first become t^aiuSenid i afterwards prqfUgaie i and, finally, reprobtUt to'evcrjr 
good work. 


ABASE, [oiawjCT-, F.] to cast down; to depreis. 

HvMBLS, [humus, the eaith, L.] to reduce to a low state. 
Dborade, [lie, down, gradus, a itep, L,] to put out of office, 

state, degree, or dignity. 
DisORACB, [(^ujr''acifr, F.] to put to lluune ; to turn out of favor. 
Dbbiibe, [baUser, F.] to reduce in estimadon or value. 
The proud »u>iild be abitud ,- the lofty humbled .- the nnwoTthf become 
degradtd ; the vicioua diifTact and dibait tbemMlves by their ibUui and lice*. 

ABASH, [^Aafrtr, to frighten, F.] to make aabsmed; to cast down. 
Confound, [con, togethet, /untfo, to pour, L.] to throw into 

disorder or couBtematJou. 
Confuse, [con/untfe, L.] to huny the mind. 

Let the banghty be abajhed : Uie ienorant, superadtioDa, and wicked, ore fre- 
quently CD>t/(HiRiIed ,• the modest, diffident, and weak, ate frequently cot^uttd. 
So B^e tbe Son of God. and Sateu Bbwd 
Awhde aa mitte, ci>y\faaadtd what to wy. — (MiUea.) 

ABATE, [aiattre, F.] to grow less ; to mitigate. 

Diminish, [diminuo, L.] to make or grow lew in size, appear- 
ance, or quantity. 
SUBSIDE, [suisido, to settle, L.] to sink or became lower. 
Dbcbbabb, [decresco, L.] to grow less in size, Biuount, or 

Lessen, [las, less, S.] to make smaller. 
Intermit, [infer, between, miCto, to send, L.] to leave off for a 

Pain, fever, passion, and ardor odn'e ,- the storm abatu, 

Crete's ample fields diminiah to our eyt.~(Popi). 
Joys, tumnlta, CDDunodoDS nt^idc,' numbers, days, stores decmiM. 
Nor cherished they relations poor, 
That might decrease their present store .^(Priw.) 
A thing taaent In weight, vnltie ; punishment, power, reputatiDa may be 
Kings may give to beggars, and not leuen their own greatness. — {OimluaH.) 
Disuses, feveiB, intirmil. 

Pray to the gods to inlmail the plague. — {Shaiipert.) 
ABETTOR, [betan, to push forward, S.] one that advises or asaiitB 
another in doing an unlawful act. 
AccBSBARr, [ncceiio, to join, L.3 a person guil^ of felony, not 
jmnrap^y, but by participation ; as in commanding, ad- 
vimng, or concealing. 
Accomplice, [con, with, plico, to fold, L.] one that baa a kand 
or principal lead in a business ; or that is privy to, and 
active in, the same design or crime with another. 
Abetlori propose, set on foot, ennnurage ; aceetiario assist, tiA, help, fur- 
ther ; occoinptuu eiecate, complete, perfect. 


TB, [^abontinorf L.] 

Loathe, [latkian, S.] U> feel disgust. 

We abkar craetty ud inhaiqaDity ; hide pride ud Tice of all aorta ; hatt 
aa oppressor ; dctttl treacheir and injustice ; abmOnale impietj, profsoeiKn, 
and Indecency ; loaiht the rig^t of enomunu oSenderi, oftnstTe oljecti, 
And, when sick, food. 

ABIDE, [abidaa, S] to tairy for ashoit time. 

SoJOOEN, [soggiontare, lt«.] to continue for aome time in any 

DwBLL, \AxeIer, Dan.] to abide permanentljr. 

Rrsidb, [rMideo, L.] to atay in a place for a long, tliough in- 

definite, period. 
Inhabit, [nthabito, to dwell, L.] to occupy aa a place of settled 

residence ; to dwell. 

AbUt for a night ; ittfMrn (or a week ; AkU bi> honwwith eontlniiBiice ; 
rende in a street or hoiue for a season ; iiJmbU a cottage, or plaee. 

ABJECT, [oiftdo, to throw away, L.] mean, c<nitemptible. 
Hban, [miBne, common, S.] wanting dignity. 
Low, \U>h, a pit, S.] viJgar, groveliiig. 
Bbgoarlv, [fiicciiro, beegai, Ita.] poor, indigent. 

PiTiFEL, [pi(u and ^U, J sorry, despicable. 
Sordid, [jswcka., filth, L.] niggaidly, pa]tty. 
Base, \fias, low, F.] dishonorable, wicked. 

ViLB, [fifa, L,] morally worthless. 

Abject in spirit ; nicBn in oatore ; mean setioB ; Inw In Urth, edncatioii, 
habit, and sphere of life ; biggarly in tnm of mind or appearance ; pit^ml in 
clisractec ; lerdid In the lote of gain ; bale tr^tor ; viS* malefactor. 

, \j/leav>, skiljul, S.] dexterity, skill. 

Pabtb, [pars, L,] mental talents. 

ABILITY, [ioWfiiiM, L.] active power, whether bodily o 
Capacity, [copoctfas, L.] aptness to receive or com 

ledge ; passive power. 
Talent, [iofenhnn, L.l genius, gift of nature. 
Faculty, [facuUas, L.] power to 

ceive and modify a perception : 

remembering, imagining, &c. 
Power, [potentta, L.J force; energy of mind. 
Dbxtbbitv, [irafCT-, right, prompt, L,] readiness of limbs ; ac- 

Skill, [acylan, to distinguish, S.] familiar Wiwledge of any 
art or science, united witii dsxt^l^ of performance and 
readincM of application. 


Addrbbb, [dirigo, to direct, L,] akilfiU n 
Abililti todigcern, Kt, eiecntc, meutaUy or corporeall; ; tapadty to nn- 
'-■atand, com] ■ ■ • - • . - - - -. - - 

feggioa i /aixity of seeing, bearing, tindersUuidiiig, 

tlliakingf acting, &c. ; dexterity to dude a bJow, to . . , 

sMl in eiecuting ; addreutocondact anegotiation. 

ABJURE, {abjaro, to deny upon oath, L.] to reDouuce with to- 

Recant, {recanto, to recall, L.J to contradict a fwmer de- 

Rbtbact, [rttraho, to draw back, L.] to ndthdnw a chaige or 

RsvoKB, [renoco, to callback, L.] to repeal, or make void. 
Recall ; to call back, or call home. 

Meo abjwe a religion, or futii ; recant an opinioa, piindple, or doctrine ; 
rtlTOCl a promise ; rea/ke ■ decree ; recoJI an expression ; nedu oar words. 

ABLE, [habilis, L.J capable to perform. 
&sli.fvt., [skill aaAJttll,'] experienced in. 
Learned, {leamian, to leant, S.J vened in litastiire, science, 

or tiie arts. 
An nili lawyer ; a iitt{/iil matkematidaa ; a leomni historian. 

ABOLISH, [aboUr, F.J to destiOT utterly; to put an end to. 
Abboqatb, [abrogo, to repeal, L.j to annul by an act of au- 
Revoke; toreverae; torecaU. 
Repeal, [roppeier, to recall, F.J to make nud by a le^ative 

Annul, [^annuUer, F.] to reduce to nothing. 

Cancel, [canallo, L.J to deftce; to reduce tonothii^. 

Aboliih a custom ; abrogate a law ; rewie an edict ; repeal a siatuCe ; 
annu' a contract ; cancet an obligation or a debt. 

ABOMINABLE, that is to be abhorred, or hated. 

Detest ABiiE, very odious. 

Execrable, [execror, to cune, L.J deaerving to be cursed; 

hateful in the last degree. 
Abominablt person, or action ; deteiliJ/le tyrant, or action, (worse than 
abomiiiBble ,) exeerable monster, or »i«tch. 

ABOVE, [aimfm, S.J aloft, over head. 

Over, [pfer, S.J rising higher than the top. 

Upon, [t^an, S.J placed on the top or gurtace. 

Beyond, \begemd, $.] at a distance not yet reached; &rdier 
than a giTen Lmit. 

The waters rose obore their cbannela, overflowed the banks, and rested 
Hpan the hiUs far bti/ond their native coasts. 

Tords, atiU retaining 



Curtail, [ court, ihort, tailler, b. 

Contract, IconlTocter, P. of eontraho, 1 

compaas ; to ghtink. 
Sborten, r«e«or/, S.J to diminuli in length. 
■" 'B, [ifc, from, privo, to take away, L.] to take sway tome- 

thing posseued or enjoyed. 

DBBAR,Xnom bar,'] to exclude ; to hinder. 
Berbatb, [bereafian, S.] to deprire by death. 
Strip, [ttre^en,] to make denitnte; to divert. 

Abridge iaqTwiitf, ■— * ' " ' 

of ocUon ; eonlract b 

Btremtd of onr diildnn i dtpriced of our pleasi 
ABRIDOEHENT, labrtgc, F.] a short account of a book, writing, 

CoMPBNDiuu, [L.] a brief composition cantaiiuiig the general 

principleB of a large work. 
Epitomb, [epi, upon, lemno, tocut, Gr.] a writing or discourse 

contracted into a narrower compass. 
Scumaby, [sonunaire. P.] a concise account. 
Abstract, [abttraho, to draw from, L.] a small draught of any 

greater work. 
Abridgemmt of e. noik ; c(ini}KniIium of adence, or knon-ledge ; (pUont 
-*__._ r ..■_.. — _!_.___. _, _ . — .J ' jndidal proceed- 

ABRUPT, [a6rup^, brokoi off, L.] andden; hasty; rough; un- 

RoaoBD, [n^ojuf, rough, L.] uneven; alao severe, cnns, austere. 

Rough, [hreoh, S.] uneven, harsh, uncivil, coarse. 

Abnipt preopice, words, mBoaers, behavlaT, deputure, stjle. 
RenisdcBB, roaring, dreadful, down it comea. 
From the rude toouniain, and the moasy wM, 
Tombling throagb rocks abrupt. — (Thimuon.) 
Abnipt, with eagle speed she cat the akr, 
Instant invisible to mortal eye. — (Pope.) 

Bugged path, temper, disposidon, humor ; rviijrABtane,acHon, deportment. 

ABSCOND, [oSsconifo, to conceal, L.] to withdraw; to absent 

Stbal away, to ^t away secretly. 

Sbcrbtb omb's-sblf ; to get into some secret place unper- 

ABSENT, [oisnu, L.] not present, out of the way. 

Abstractbd, [iiA«fraclu«,L.] drawn or separated fromall objects. 



DiVBRTBD, [dteerto, to turn aai6e, L.] turned saide from the 
object tliac ia present. 

DiSTRACTBD, [digtroho, to dnv apart, L.] drawn aaunder by 
different objects. 

Inattentive, heedleis, careiesa, negligent, regardlesi. 

A man ia oijoii or abtlmcted when, iustead of thinking of the present 
comjiany or cnnveraation, his mind is bccupied hj eome di^timt and foreign 
subject ; dicerted, when listening to Dtber discoane than that addressed to 
him ! duiractfd, hy listening to the disconrse of more than one person at a 
time ; and iTutttentivCt when ae does not Qx his mind steadily on an object. 

ABSOLVE, [absolvo, L.] to release from liability to pimigbment 

on account of ain. 
AcaviT, [acqaitter, F.]U> tUscharge &om ai 
Clbar, [cta*r, bright,^.] to eionMate. 
FoROiVB, Iforgi/m, 'S.] to overlook an offence, and treat the 

offender as not guilty. 
Pardon, [pardonner, F/l to eicuae an offender. 
Rbmit, [remilta, to send back, L.] to Burrender the right of pu- 

Abaolned from sin by the mercy of God ; acquitted of a eharge by men ; 
cUared from ^nilt ; forgive offencea \ pardon crimizials ; rfmit jnmi^mient. 
' Mutnnlly forffisi each other's offences, that God may pardim yom traos- 
gi^jons, lAsoht yoa from gnilt, uairemit the punishment due to yonriine. 
ABSOLUTE, [absolutiu, absolved, L.] free fi^m the power of ano- 
ther; that has perfection in itself ; unlimited. 
Dbspotic, [rfespotiflue, F.] uncontrolled by men, constitutioii 

or laws, supreme. 
Arbitrary, [arbitrarius, L.] that which is Voluntary, or that 
depends wholly on one's will or choice, not governed by 
any fixed rules. 
Tyrannical, [tyraamu, L.] imperious, unjustly severe. 
Positive, [posilfitiiw, L.] notnegativei capable of beiugaffinned. 
Pbrbmptory, Ipereir^ttts, taken away, L.] determinate; luch 

as precludes all fiirCher expostulation. 
Definite, [rfe^nihw, L.] certain, exact. 
OoNPiDBNT, (ctmfido, to trust in, L.] affirmative, assured. 
DoOHATlCAL, [dogma, opinion, L.] authoritative, ma^aterial. 
Actual, [actvalit, L.] existing truly and ahaolutely. 
Rbal, [realis, L.] true, genuine, not fictitious. 
Absolute monarch ; dapotic power of goremment ; artatronf measnres ; 
(ymnntcBl proceedings. 
A positive good ; ^posiiice answer ; iUtsotiUe command, decree ; peremptory 

IJ^nif e los^nctions ; a jwnhK command. 

Confident in ability ; iogmOieai ta opinioa ; jmiMm ta assertion. 
.JctuoJ state i real grief; fxinNKhct. 
ABSORB, \aorbio, to drinkin, L.] to imbibe ; to waste or conaume ; 
to engage nbollT. 
Swallow up, [tiBtigiut, S.] to seize and waste. 


iNOt) LF, [in and gu^h, Belg.} to devour ; to draw into a gulf. 

Enohobs, [^DSioyrr, O.F.J to purctuue wholesale, bo as to swal- 
low up tbe profits of othen; to appropriate without refe- 
rence to the claim* of othen. 

Abierbtd la tbe whirlpool ; nDoOoieed tip In tha ocean, or b; to orth- 
qoakej mguffed in the abyse. Abiorbed In eontCDUilatfani ; liiallMeed iip 
witb aorroB ; ingulfed la miMrj ; eagntKi in HlfiBhoeu ; worldly caiea 
too often engna tJie attention. 

ABSTAIN, \ahttinto, to keep bom, L.] to re&ain from any in- 

FoBBEAB, to desist irom; toletaloue; to withhold. 

Refrain, [refriner, to curb, F.] to bridle ; to keep one's self from. 

AbstaiK from oaine; forbearUi do; refrain from HpcaldDg and actiag.- 
Abittda from tixid ; fin-btar to do an iujarj ; T^frabu from evil. 

ABSTINENCE, [aisrinenrta,] a temporary hut total forbearance 
trom any kind of sensual indulgence. 

Fast, \_fast, S.l a voluntary abstinence from food. 

Tbmpgkancb, t'^'nt'^'™'!^,] nioderation; sobemeia. 

JiftinniMis therefralnL^framan; costODiary gratlficatloQ ; (m|Krini«, 
an babitoal reEtraint □ptm the appetites, offectlDnH, or poHHlons. Abitin^nte 
implies prerioiu indnl^ce ; Imperanee does not. Fait la a religions ob- 
vervaacc, wherein the mortification of tbebody, by abstaining from food or 
any othei senBoal indolgeoce, Is used ai a means of promoting tbe bnmiUatlon 
of the win]. 

ABSTINENT, [aAsfine)u,L.] refraining from anysensual enjoyment. 
SoBBR, [wAnui, L.] Bpatiug in diet, especially in tbe use of 

strong drinks. 
Abstbmious, [aiitaniw, L.] properly abstaining from too free 

a lue of food and drink. 
Tehpbratb, Itemperatita, L.] moderate in all seusnal pleasure 

and indulgence. 
The abatment man lap a temporDry realiaint upon hie appetites, &c. ; the 
aetuallf mber man may be habitoall; a dninkard ; tbe temperate man habi- 
tually enjoys oil with modenitiaa ; ttie oAif numit man practicea a still more 
sparing use of ■"■"^■l nkjoyments. 

ABSTRACT, [abslraho, L.] to drawaway from; to takefrom or out of. 
Separate, [««paro, L.] to part, divide, or put aauuder. 
Disunite, [of dU negative, and tmio, to join, L.] to set at vari- 

DiSTiNODiSK, (dittinguo, L.] to discern between ; to put a dif- 
ference between. 

By an over indulgence in the gaieties of life, onr minds become absiractfd 
from things of ioiportance. Some persons scparatt themselves from thrir 
WKdsl connexions, disunite themselves from thdr dearest friends, and become 
diilinguisJied for their misanthropy. 

ABSURD, [absurdui, L.] contrary to the dictates of cominon sense. 
Unbbabonablb, [irrauoitabk, F.] unjust; not reasonaUe. 



Inconsistent, [in, not, eonsisteits, gtanding together, L.] not 

Bgreenbte, or suitable to. 
Ikra-tionai,, [trra(tona/ts, L.] not according to reason. 
Foolish, [_fol, F.l void of uudentaading, weak of intellect. 
Preposterous, [^priBpoiterus, L.] perverted, not addled to 

Absurd in reasoning ; unreasonabli in requests ; inamsistent in arenment ; 
irralimalm schemes ; foeUih condoct, cnatom, &c. ; prepasterovs la desire 
aad eihibitian. 

ABUNDANCE, [abimdattce, F.] such a qusntily ai ia more thtm 

Plenty, [pteims, L.] adequate supply, enough. 
•At the whisper of thy word, 

Crowned abandance spreads my board. — {Criahaw,) 
" And in hia plenty thai abandanct find." • 

"The abundance of the rich is great wealth." 

ABUSE, [n&ufer, F.] tomake an ill use of t toinjure. 
Misuse,* to use improperly; to misapply. 
"They ttiat use this world BB not oiusing if.'' (1 Cor. 7.) We Bunuf our 

ABUSE, reproachful language, reriling words. 

Invective, [intecHva, L?) something intended to cast oppro- 
brium on another; a hargh accusation. 

Abuse b generally prompted by nngert and vented in words ; iiwectiee is 
more fi-eqaeotly in writing. Abm hu generally a reference to (oivate qoar- 
rels ; iaeecliEe to public concerns : abuse ia the weapon of the vulgar ; inm- 
tice the iostrumeot erf tlie higher orders. 

ACCEPTABLE, [accephM, L.] that may be received kindly; agree- 

GaATKFUL,r?ra(!w, aCTceable, L. and fitii,] pleasing, gratifying. 
Welcome, [coBitKelt} in season; to be received with ^adness. 
Pood is acceptable to the hungry, a gift to the poor ; music is grat^l to 
harmoDioas ears ; good news b always uelcfme. 

ACCEPTANCE, favonible reception. 

Acceptation, reception in genera], whether good or bad ; the 
meaning of a word or expression. 

ieetptana <^ u gift; oaxplatbm aii word; "a saying worthy of al] oc. 
ctplalim." (1 Tim. 1.) 

ACCIDENT, \_aeciden3, Ming t 
irom an unknown cause ; 
Chance, [cheaance, N.] hazard; fortune; the possibility of 

r, \contingms, touching to, L.] a fortuitous event. 
Casualtv, [cojus, a fall, L.] an unloreseen accident producing 

death or some misfortune. 
Evbnt, [enenfut, L.] any thing that happens, good or bad. 


Incidbnt, [incidens, falling on, L.] that which happen* out of 

the \xa\ml course of events. 
AnvBNTURti, [arenfure, F.] an enterprise, a strange occurrence. 
OccuRRKNCK, [occurrence, F.] an event apparently unconnected 

with any other. 
Issue, [issue, F,1 end, or ultimate result. 
CoNHBtt HENCE, [con^eguantin, L.] an effect produced by some 

preceding cause. 
Accident refers to what has happened ; chance to wbst may happen : ton- 

tingency is an eieaC that happcos in eoiOtmctkni with » 
casualty, aay thing that happena in the course of affairs woicd coma aoi dc 
fonseea. The oierthrowiug of a coach la an accident i a certain penon bdng 
trsTeUing by that coach at the time, ia a coflfinofliev ; the breaklDg of his leg 
Is a easuaity; aaoi^eoa coming that way at ute time, would be a fortunate 

ACCIDENTAL, [acddentalis, L.] unexpected; opposed to what 
is regular or intended. 
Incidental, [incidens, L.] not intended; not deliberate ; not 

necessaiy to the chief purpose. 
Cabual, {casus, a Ml, L.] happening by chance ; unforeseen. 
CoNTiNOENT, [contin$'«ns, L.J that may or may not lufipen ; 

depending upon Bomethiog. 
FoBTUiTouH, [forttcilus, L.] unforeseen, unexpected. 
An aecidentat, Drfortuitoua circiimatance ; an incidental remark ; a canal 
occorrence i a cinMigenI event. 

ACCOMPANIMENT, {aecon^agnrment, F.] sometlung added to 
another by way of ornament. 
Companion, [conipapion, F. coniei, L. perhaps of eott audpo- 
gu>, L. that is, one of the same town ; or of con and pani$, 
L. that is, one that partakes of the same bread,] a fellow, a 
male, a [Hirtner, an aaaociate. 
Concouitant, [coRconnfaiu, L.] person or thing collaterally 

ACCOMPANY, [occompi^fner, F.] to keep company with; ' 
or come along with. 
Attbnd, lattendre, F.} to bend the mind to; to incline U 


ACCOMPLISH, laccomplir, F.] to finish ; to bting to peife^ioa. 
Effbct, [effectiter, F-Jto bnng to pass ; to put in eiecutioii. 
ExBCDTK,'^er«Mt«r, r.] to do; to perfonn BDything detigpu 

Achieve, [achever, F.] in speaking of some noble enterprise, 

signifies to compasa, or accomplish. 
CouPLBTE, [coDipZeo, L.] to perfect; to finish. 
FuLPii., [/uU Rnd_/iii,] to answer by performance. 
Rbalizb, [realiser, F.I to btioK into bang or set. 
fiiB.raiiii,Xperfontto,Lil] to ^; to discharge; to achieve an 

Aeeampbh an object ; effect a purpose ; exeeule ■ project ; aelaene an ai- 
terprise ; eompiete an andertaldng. Execute a project ; fittfit an obiigatuni ; 
yd/orm a work or task. Excaite orders ; Jiiljll eneagenieats ; perform yonr 
partialjfe vith propriety. Mj wishes aie /ulfitiedi my projects areafroni- 
phihed: myhopra aitreiUxed. 

ACCOMFOSHED, laccompU, F.] complete in (cquiremeute; 
finished in manners. 
Perfect, [ne^ectu*, L.] having all that is requirite to its na- 
ture and kmd. 
CoupLBTB, [coiwJefaf, L.] having ao deficiency; fiilL 
An aeeompUtheil sebolai ; aix^nt artlat, work ; n camplele gcaikmaa. 
ACCOUNT, [conte, F.] an explanation, a detail. 
Marbativb, [narratif, F.fa relation or recital. 
Dbscriftion, [descripHo, L.J a setting forth of the nature and 

properties of any thing, either by nguures or words. 
An accDtMl of geneiHi events ; a Korratiutoiaomt pBIticulai peiBOu'slife or 
tmels; dacr^gn'Hiofacountry, earthquake. An ocnmnf may be given from 
, ,_, ^__ . luiTTolica and tfcienpKoiu are, generally, from si^it 

ACCOUNT, laceompl, O. F. ; computo, to reckon, L. It was originallr 
written AccompC ; but, by gradually softening the pronun- 
ciation, in time the orthography changed to account,'] a 
computation of debts or expences set down in particulars. 
Reckoning, [recan, to count, S.] calculation; an account of 

time or money reckoned up. 
BiLi., [bil, 8.] a particular account, given by the seller to the 

buyer, of the sorts and prices of goods bought. 
Keep an rufowif ,' come b> & reckoning j Knainthebtn. 
ACCOUNT, consideration. 

Sake, [me, S,] r^ard to any person or thing. 
Rbason, [riiuon, F.] cause, ground, or principle. 
FvRPOSB, \_pTopo$it7ira, L.] intention, design, object. 
End, [tnd, S.] conclusion; result; aim. 

On your (Kccmnf ; for yonriafa. " There ia a natural and eternal remwi tat 
virtue and goodaess, and SK^nst vice and viekedness." (lYUOfsDn.) "To 
what iHirpoK is this waste P' (Matt. avi. 8.) " Tbe old of the connauU 
meat Is charity." (Tim.i. 1.) 



ACCURATE, [accuratui, L] in coiiformit]r to tnitli.oTtoa rtandwd. 
Exact, [exactus, L.] perfect, ttrict, without Aekct or &ilura. 
Prbcihe, rpriEcmu, cut off, L.] forma], affected, ■crupulon* 
COBRECT, [correctus, L.] free from error. 
NiCB, [nese, S.] accurate in judgemeot to minute exactueu 

superfluous exact. 
Fabticular, [partieularu, L.] tpedaJ; odd; having « pecu- 
liar Quality. 
PimcTUAL, Iponctuel, F,] done at the exact time: punctilioi 

Aecwate la <n>r aceoontj ; txaci In our paj^mti t prtcitt in dimeinor. 
A comet sccoont ; as imwalt dcKifptioD. &caet la conduct ; nee u ' 
iieular in nuuuer ; pioutiiat la time ; ibk point i particular enqnirf ; 
dial in payiocDt. 

ACCUSE, [accuto, L.] to cba^ with a enme, or other of 
to inform tgaiuat one. 
Charqb, [charffer, F.] to impute toj aeciue of a fauh, a debt, 

Impeach, [emplcker, to hinder, F.] to accuse and prosecute 
public ofBcer ; also, to call in question the purity of motivet 
or conduct. 

Arraion, [arranyer, F.] to set in order, to range or set at the 
bar oir a tribunal. 

CRNStiRB, [cmmrer, F.] to find &ult with; to blame; to con- 
demn as wrong. 

Aerated of morder ; eiaryid with nnlalthMncH ; impeathcd of crime 
agtunst the state; nmitfiKd at the bar i cfluwed as goilty. 

ACID, [ocWiw, L,] wur, aharp, biting to the taste. 

Sour, [stir, S.] acid; pus^nt onUie palate with astringency, 
E>, [scearp, S.] sour wiUiout astringency; sour but not austere. 

Acid, pungent, ... .... 

ACKNOWLEDGE, [oc, and enawati, to take, to receive, S.] to 

admit to be true j to own with gratitude. 
Own, [ojan, S.] to acknowledge an error upon conviction. 
Confess, [confesser, F.] to acknowledge &ulta ; to disclose the 

state of the conscience. 
Avow, [avouer, F.] W declare openly. 
RscoQMZE, [recognoaco, L.] to discover and avow knowle^e 

of any person or thing. 
Aelnu/Kkd§e facta ; awn mistSies ; eorffat sina i atoiB principles. We re- 
fOfnitc aa old trieiid I we arinoicfe^e favors recdved. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT, an adniisrion of the truth. 
CoNFBSFioK, an open declaration of guilt ; a disburdening of the 

smistake. "With flunonth eonfnimii 

, t;ix,.,ic 


ACQUAINTED, laccointer, U> make known, 0. F.] baviug pertonal 
Familiar, IfamiliarU, L,] intimately acquainted with; free; 

Intihatb, [intuntM, L.] most de«r; cloael; united in tlie bonds 
of friendship. 

Acgminlcd, hming ■ Blight knowledge of ; famiUar, by long habit ; ialt- 
mate, dosdy coiuiected with. 

ACQUIRE, [acmerir, F.^ to get ; to purchase ; to gtun any thing 
which is m a degiree permanent. 

Obtain, [obtettir, Fl] to succeed in the pursuit of any thing. 

Qain, [yoyner, F.] to procure by indust^. 

Win, [unnon, S,] to gam by niccess in contest or competitioii. 

Earn, [eamian, S.] to be entitled to a reward for labor. 

Attain, [alteindre, F.] to compass a thing; to reach by efforts. 

Aequirt a fortiue, a title, habits ; ottoin an inheritance ; gain in ttade ; 
win the prise; earn a good living; aitainhj peracreronce. ^' Canaan he 
mm allaou."—{MHtm.} 

ACQUIREMENT, that which is acquked in opposition to natural 

AcauiBiTioN, any thii^ gained ; chiefly used for esterns) thii^s. 

Attainment, that which is gained by exertion. 

The atquiremail ofwiadom; the ocfultiffon of wealth ; the afbiMnfiit of 

ACRIMONY, [acrimonia, L.] severity, hittemess. 

Tartness, [teart, S.] sharpnees, acidity. 

AsPBKiTY, [a^erilas, L.I roughness, moroseuess. 

Harshnbss, fharach, G.] severity, austerity. 

Aerinum!/ of feeLlng ; lartnoi of reply ; atptrUy of tempsr ; lianhiua of 
eipres^D, of reproof. 

ACT, [acdim, L.] somethine done ; the effect of power eserted. 
Action, performance; the state of acting. 
Dbbd, \dad, S.] an action or thing effected. 

'-' ' — eitraordiuarjr sin^e exertion j acHdnb continued eiertJOD; dttd 

ACT, {ino, L.] to put in motion ; to exert power. 
Do, ^don, S.] to execute ; to cause; to transact. 

Att apart; doathing; the will acts upon the body; "In^ days thonebtlt 
io all thy work." 

ACTION, the accordance of the motion of the body with the words 

Gbsturk, [jes(i«, L.] amotion of the body, or limbs expressiTe 
of sentunent or passion. 



(iBSTicuLATiON, [^geiticulatio, L.] repreaentation by geitura 

Posture, \^posilura, L.] the poeition or carriage of the body. 
Attitudb, [attitude, F,] a posture. 

Giacefal adioa ,- iudecrot gtitinlaUm ; poiturt of defence ) attUade of 
defiance. " In erery jMiun dignity and lore." — (MiiloH.) 

ACTION, the exertion of power or force. 

AoBNCV, lagms, actiog, L.] the ijuality of moving or ezerdiig 

power ; the state of beii^ in actioQ ; inftrumeataUtT. 
Operation, a laboring, or working i the process of acting. 
Action of Hgbt ; agaicg of Providence ; operation of Datnre. 

ACTTVE, [nch'nu, L.] that haa the power or qnallly of acting. 

DibidBNT, [diligens, L.] careful, watchful, st«ady in applicsJion. 

iHDDSTRioifs, \iadu»trws, L.] painstaking; regularly or habi- 
tually occupied. 

Assiduous, [aKn(^uiM,L.] conataut; close tothepursuitofathing. 

Laborious, [ioboriostM, L.] using exertion. 

Activf in icbemes ; ^Hgent b business ; iniluiCnoiu in porsnlt, toting no 
time ; assidwna in perseverinj; to tlie end or completion of any tiling ; W>o- 
rioaa in apsring do pains, bodily or mental, io oar employment. 

ACTIVE, having the power or disposition to move with speed. 
Brisk, [ftrpsp, W.] lively, sprightly, gay. 

Aqile, [agilis, L.l having the feculty of moving the limbs quickly. 
Nimble, [nem, Dan.] light and quick in motion. 
Quick, [cwtc, alive, S.] swift, prompt, ready. 
Actiei in bnainess ; briai in play ; agilt in springing ; nnifib in daadng ; 

ACTIVE, constantly engaged ii 
" — '"'^ iff, 8j employed; 

, [oficiosiu, L.] excessively forward ia doing good 

Busy, [fiyrijj, 8 J employed; occupied in business. 
r\ [oficiosiu,L.'] eX' '" ' ' '- 

ACTOR, [actor, L.] he that acta or performs any thinV- 

Aqbnt, [agetis, acting, L.] one that has power to act; a factor o) 
dealer for another. 

Actor tor dirersloa ; agent for buMoess. 

ACTOR, he that personates a character. 

Plavbr, [^plegan, to play, S.] an actor of dramatic scenes. 
Actor of particujar parts ; placer in general. 

ACTUATE, [ago, to act, L.] to incite to action. 

Impel, [impello, L.] to drive or urge forward ; to press or foro 

Inducb, [indaeo, L.l to lead; to persuade; to prevail on. 

Motives actaatt as ; passEoos impel .• reason, incUnation, and example induct 

: ' t;iX,.,lc 


ACUTE, [ocntM, L.] gharp-poiuteii, Bharp-witted, ingenioug, pene- 

Kkbn, [cent, S.] cunniiig, sbaip, pierdiig. 

Shrbwd, subtle, smart, witt}', mTin^ nice ducenunent. 

Smabp, [tcearp, S.I shrill, terete, biting, nipping, violent, quick. 

An aaili argnmeat ; a littit icproach ; a ibriwd reply. 

An aaite dupubtnt or controvutlet ; a keen gatirut ; a thretBd wit. 

SAorp knife ; acutl point of a nenDe ; Item razor ; iharp and Muff psin ; 

to join together in numeration. 
It unite tt^tliet. 
o make one ; to connect. 
o,L.] to grow together; to unite in one bo^ 

Add qnantitjea ; Join bouaca ; people loiile ; partiea cBaieice. 

ADDICT, laddieto, L.] to give up one's-self wholly to a thing ; to 
apply one's mind altogether to it ; to follow it closely. 

Dbvotb, [detwoetJ, L.] to vow; to resolve; fo dedicate. 

Apply, [(qtpUco, L.] to &c the mind ; to study. 

Men addki themaelves to lio ; devote themselves to science ; apply thcm- 
wlves to bnuoesi. 

ADDRESS, Jadrtise, F.] apphcation or dedication to a person. 
Spbbch, [sptec, 8.] language, discourse. 

Obation, [pratio, L.] a discourse or speech pronounced in pub- 
he, generally on some special occasion. 

Apnblic uddrui, a parliamenUiy ipeech; an electku kerangtiti a ftmeral 

ADDRESS, name and place of residence of a person. 

Direction, [itrectio,L.] order, command,prescription,guidance. 

SUPEHscBiPTiON, r$tifier, above, scWpfio, writing, L.] that which 
is written outside or above something else. 

Direetbm to a place ; direelim of a letter ; addrm oa a card, &c. ; a suit- 
able oddrut; ruperfcrtpJvMtona pillar, tomb, &c. ; rupen cT^>fHm at the head 
of any otlkcr writing, as nqiersmptum of a letter, deed, ficc 

ADDRESS, [adrater. P.] to make application to ; to present a 
petition; to direct alettet to. 
Apply, to have recoiuve to. 

Addrea the king, and apply fot redress. 

ADDRESS, to make application to j to direct o 

Accost, [occoster, F.j to approach; to draw near to; come up 

to ; to speak to first. 
Salutb, [joiuto, L.] to greet ; to address with kindness ; to show 

respect and civihty, either in words or ceremonies. 
We oddreu peiBOni in general ; aetoil a sHanger ; (oAde a ttlend. 



ADHERE, Udharw, L.ltobe joined to, ortake part wHh. 
Attack, [attacAfr, F.] Ut unite cloiely; to tie, to bind. 
Stick, [sticait, S.] to unite itaelf hj its tenacity or penetradug 

Fasten, \fastniaH, S.] to link towther; to tecure. 

Adhtre to religian ; be attaehtd to frienih.^Wu iticki lo paper ; " dads 

eltaa fast toge^er ;^^ iron adhertt to a ma^et. — Friends eleaoe to axit 

another \ vita adhere to their paitifa, principlea, Sec. — Fix in the gnmnd ; 

/mfn with nails, screws ; /(Ulouil b;arO|>e, chain ; itticJ: to a irnll : a plas- 

ADHEglON, ladkaiio, L.] the state of itickiiig to l^ growth, ce- 

Adhesbnce, the actof adhering to the interest i» opinioni of 

others ; Bteadv attachment. 
Adiiaion at paila ; odAavnee to the point ; ad9k«rfli« to a party. 

ADJACENT, [a^aeeiu, L.] neighhoring ; •lying near to; border- 
ing upon. 

Adjoiningi, [from ad, to, L. and j'ihi*.] lying cloae in contact. 

CuKTionotiB, [contigaat, L.] th^ touches, or is next; meeting 
or joiniog at the surface or border. 

J^atmttowa; od/taniRj; field ; emUfuoia bmae. 

ADJUST, [ad, to, end justut, exact, L.] to settle or sUt« an ac- 
count; to put in order. 
Bbconcilb, [reconolio, to call back together, L.] to make tiwie 

friends ^ain who are at variance. 
A^iataStiin; neimeUt eaenaa, Sic. 

ADMINISTRATION, {admiautro, to serve, L.^ the act of con- 
ducting or superintending any office or affair. 

Manaqehent, fmcNiijie, household, F.] the manner of canyingon. 

Conduct, [conauco, to lead, L.] a guiding or management of 
an aChir for one's self. 

Governs! bnt, [ gouvememail, F.] the form or manner of regu- 
lating public affiiin. 

Direction, [dtTeclio, L.] the act of piiding. 

Jdntjiu/ra^nofjiistjco; mojujemAtf of pnolic concer 
_.__ ttaftbt -' '■ ■■- ---■ 

ADMIT, ladmitto, LJ to suffer to pass, to give 
Allow, [alloutr, O. F.] to give or grant ; to aaucuo 
PsRairA permitto, L.J to give leave; not to prohibi 
SrpFER, [souffriT, F.l to bear; not to hinder. 
ToLBKATE, Ifolero, L.] to bear with ; to connive 

, t;ixvsic 


ADMIT, to allow the fbrce of. 
Allow, to approve of; to consent to. 
OsANT, Iffratiter, N.] to give, beatow; to admit u trne what 

We admit the foici of no nrgiiaieikt ; oUoto that credit Is doc to an oppa. 
Dent ; and grant hia professhHia of aincoitjr. 

ADMIT, to suffet to enter. 

Rbcrivb, [recipio, L.] to welcome; to entertain. 
Admlitci ae a number : riceited as a friend. 

ADMITTANCE, permisaion to enter ; power of enterii^. 

AoHiHsioN, [oanumo, L.] the act or practice of admitting. 

AccBHS, [accesma, L.] means of ^iproach. 
Admittance to a place ; accaa to a person. ^' '■^ ^ 
happy laud." 

ADMONISH, \_admvMO, L.] to warn ; to caution ; to put in mind 

of; to reprove. 
Advise, [apiser, F.l to counsel ; to jpve information ; to oflfef 
an opmion worthy to be followed. 

j4 dnnMitA for what is past i odiiiK witli respect to the fatore. 
"JiiiiuauAhini asabrotber." (3T1iess. til.) " With the well ii<in»d ii 
wisdom." (IVdt. liii.) 

ADMONinON, reproof. 

Wabnino, [from woTR,] caution against faults ; prerioua notice 
of danger. 

10, L.1 advice : iuiunction. 

^ . _ ; eautiont to the 

ioeipeTienced and tiawary. 

ADORE, \adoTo, L.] to regard with the utmost esteem, affection, 

and respect. 
RETEnENCK, \TeveTeoT, L.] to honor, love, and respect. 
Venerate, [cmeror, L.] to regard with respect mingled with awe. 
Worship, [toeortAscypa, S.] toperfon" "" '" * 

divine nonors to. 

Beine with the h 
in.— We may od< 

alhctioni ; we loonJUp tiim with tlie outward form. 
times; we worsUp periodically. 

ADORN, [mfomo, L.] to render lovely ; to set off to advantage. 

Decorate, \decoro, L.] to adorn with external ornaments. 

EuBELLiSH, [embtUxT, F.] to add grace, beauty, or elegance to i 
person or thing. 

Bbautipt, to make beautiM ; to grace. 

Adomtd with jewels ; decorated with flowers ; embttlajied sad bemliflti 
vtth ornaments. — Jtlonicdwith lirtae ; fltiielliil^ with the arts. 

ADULATION, ladulatio, L.] excessive praise. 


Flattery, {Jlatterie, F.] commendation beitowed for the pur- 
pose nf gamii^ favor. 

Compliment, [compIiiMnt, F.] an act or expreaaioQ of civility, 
usually understood to include lomc hypocrisy, and to mean 
lest than it declares. 

jt joa adtxmet In ;ean, prMted In wlidom and goodneu. 
ADVANCE, to bring forward. 

AoDVCK, [adduco, L.] to'drawto; todte; tooff^. 
Allege, faUefro, L.l to afBrm; to declare ( to plead. 
Assign, ^signo, L/] to show or set forth. 
Adeana It aocHilia ; adduti " ' ...— . 

ADVANTAGE, tmantiwe, V.J^ benefit, good, interest. 
Profit, iprtfectut, L.] gam, pecuniar; advantage. 

Admmlage relates to titoatian ; pntpl to trade. 

ADVANTAGE, opportunity, lavorable drcumrtance. 

Benefit, \JimeJinum, L.} whatever contributes to prosperity 
or happmess. 

Utility, [utiUtag, L.] usefulness; profitableness; tosomevalu- 
able end. 

Sbrvice, [aervitivra, LJ use ; benefit conferred. 

Good, [yood, S. goed, Du.j abenefit, an advantage. 

Good coanezJoDS are a ^eat adnaaliigt ; good health 19 an laestlmable 
benefit ; a good book is of great utlUlg ,■ and is otitrdce to readers in general. 

Good of mankind ; bestov benejili on the poor and needy j the siqiport of 
friends is an advanlage / gome persons have great advmtaga, bat dralve no 

ADVANTAGEOUS, [oBa«(ay«u;, F.] tending to one"* profit; 
fiimishiag an opportuniiv of good. 
Profitable, [proJitabU, F.l lucrative ; yielding gain. 
Beneficial, [oerteficiam, L.J conferring benefits. 

AdBontagtoai ^toation; profitable trade ; beneficial to health. 

ADVERSE, [orftwrww, L.] acting in a contrary direction. 
Contrary, [confrnnw, L,] inconsisCeitt, contradictory. 
Opposite, [opponlus, L.] those things are said to be oppotite, 

whose nature and quality are absolutely different. 
Adiitrse events ; coalrary accoants ; iqipeiiie characters. 

ADVERSE, against ; conflicting. 

Inimical, Ttnimi'ms, L.l lumendly. 
Hostile, [hostiKs, L.J like an enemy. 


Repuonant, [repugnmu, L.] that clsghee with ; reluctant. 

AvEBSE, [atiersus, L.] that dislikes, or cannot continue a thing; 

Advent fiuitkiiu ; jnimtcol to pta/x ; Aoitib mcaaotes; fypsfnoiif to ^ood 
order i maie to KetcsiDt. /niniciil la applied to private enmitr, Am'iIc to 

ADVERSITY, [aAiwwftw, L.] affliction, misery, n 

DisTRBBS, [distriatiu, troubled, or strained, L.] pressure of 

pain, or calamity. 
Anxiety, [anmela^, L,] trouble of mind about some future 

event; perplexi^; solicitude. 
Anouish, [angustia, L.] excessive pain, either of miud or body. 
AooNY, [agonia, Gr.J any violent pain of body or mind. 
Adrrrsiis M circuiastaiiees ; dalreai of Bfaiction, poverty, and want. 
Svf et are the uses of adturtitu, 
Whkh like the toad, ugly and venomoiu, 
Wears yet a preciona jewel Id his head, — (Shalapert.) 
Deep diatrtu : painfid mxitty ; heart felt angiash : agania of death. 

ADVICE, [onis, F.] opinion; notice; account; information. 

CoUNBKL, [eomilium, L.] advice, scheme, direction; recom- 

Instruction, [inslnuitio, L.] the act of conveying knowledge, 

The> phjBidau .^vea advitt ; the parent counttl! superiors itutnutiim. 
Prudent adeice ; sage eoaaiil ,■ salnlajy iialnctiims. 

ADVICE, information, intelligence, coimsel. 

Information, [it^onnalio, L ] news conununicated by nord or 
writing; instructioD. 

Intelliobnce, [uiteUigenlia, L.] commerce of information; 
understanding; notice of distant or private transactions. 

NoTicB, [notitia, L.] information given or received. 

I sent a letter of advice ; I reeeived ii\formati<m ; I had early McUigeace 
of the circumstance ; I gave pablic nolki.^lL man of iitfomation has mnch 
knowledge ; a msji of inlelUgma has nndenCanduig as well aa knowledge, 
and Is cap^e of giving wholesome admce^ 

AFFABLE, {affabilis, L.] easy to be apolten to; dvil. 

Courteous, [cour, court, F.] polite, sentle, kind, obliging. 
Complaisant, [complautmt. P.] civil, desirous to please. 
CouBT[>y, relating to the court; elegant, soft, flattering; polite 
with d^nity. 

An qffiAle countenance ; a eourleous depoitnunt. Coarlema mannert, 
address ; cmnplmsml dispodtion ; anirllg style. 



Concern, [wncenio, to regard, L.] matter of importance; wtuit- 
erer occupiea the attentkm, or affects the inteieata of a pemoD. 
An intCKtUug lyfon- .- & seriona batiatu ; a monwntoiu €i>iwtrn. Admi- 
nbtcr jaai qjfaiVi; tnuuact four bu*iitati nuuuge yonr Miimnu. 

AFFECT, [afeclo, L,] to act upon; to ioflueace the paasioni. 

Concern, [amcemo, L.] to interest or troublej to engage the 

His (eeliugi were afftcted, and hla mind became toneerntd. 

AFFECT, to make a show ; to attempt to imitate. 

Absdhe, laatnmo, L.] to take t«, or upon one's self. 

Frbtbnd to, [pratmdo, L.J to allege falsely. 

The hypocritkal persoD affettt virtues be does not posseu, and lUMiws a 
diaracter opposite to his own, and prelmdi to attainments whieli he bo* sot 

AFFECTION, good-will, kindness ; permaueut love, passion. 
LovB, \iufian, SJ kindtiess, iriendship, a passion of the soul. 
Attachmbnt, [aftacAfmenf, F.] close adberenee, regard. 
Inclination, \hicl\nafio, L.] a natural disposition to a thing. 
Passion, \pasno, L.] love ; vehement deswe. 
He honotable aoioa of the seies eommences with Imr, and terminates in 

lie world, 4c. ; affection to relatives; 

IT glory, poetry, Sk. 

AFFECTIONATE, {offeclionai, F.] well affected to ; kind, hmng, 
warmly attached. 
Kind, [ctm, W.] benevolent, tender, disposed to make other* 

Afftclionale relatives, /onj children, Mnd ndgbbors. 

AFFIX, [rffficher, V., ajfeo, L.] to fasten to, or set up. 
Subjoin, [subjaai/o, L.] to join, or add, to somethmg preceding. 
Attach, [off ocAer, F,] to fix ; to fasten upon ; to impute. 
Annex, lamtexer, F., annecto, L.] to unite, or join one thing to 

^ffix a title { luAjoin remarks ; allaeh blamfi: annev territory. 

AFFLICT, l<0iffo, to strike, L.] to cast down; to affect with per- 
manent pain of body or mind. 

DiSTKBas, [distringo, to strain, L.] to harass, to make miserable. 

Troubls, [troubUr, F.] to ajjitate, disturb, grieve. 

Afflicltd with disease ; dislrtatd by mliiOrtimes ; irt/ublii by domeatie 

AFFLICTION, [qfflicho, L.] adversity, calamity, distress; per- 
manent gnef ; misery, misfortune, trouble. 
GsiBF, Ijirie/', hurt, D.] sorrow of heart, trouble of mind. 



Sorrow, [sory, S. and D.] uneadneuof mind; sadueu; regnt. 
Deep qfftiction ; violent gr^f; tender former. 

1 will instrnct my torroiM to be proud, 

For gri^ia proud, and xnalceB his owner atont. — {SfuJttpere.) 

AFFORD, [f<>rdern, to further, G.] to give; to send forth, jaw- 
duce, &c. 
Yield, [ifkldaa, S.] to aive in return for labor. 
Pkoducb, [nrotjuco, to lead forth, L.] to bring forth ; tofdmiab. 
The aun affordi light ; the vine fields grspee ; planta prvdaet flower*. 
Religion affardt cansolBCiou ; vice jiradiica ml»ry. 

AFFORD, to grant ; to confer. 

Spare, [sporion, S.] to lay apart for any particular uie. 
Give, (j^yim, S.] to bestow; to impart; to supply. 

Afford relict to those in distress ; tpare sometliliig from yonr ioeome tot 
charitable ixses. He hna a good fortune, and caii well afford to gm to tiw 
. poor; I cannot of ord to p'oE any thing ; it yiiiei satjefoctiou ; gir>i otcaBloa; 
qford an opportaultj. 

AFFRONT, [ad. to, aod^oiw, face, L.] wrong ; open defiance. 
Insult, [tnsifto, to le^ on, L.] gross abuse, insolence, contempt. 
Outrage, [oalrage, F.] grievoua injury; excessive ^uie. 
A morticing affr(mt ,• a provolung iiaiilt i a violent aaWagt. 

AFRAID, [efrayw, to frighten, F.] to beterrified, or struck withfear. 
Apprkhsnd, [djwreAnuio, L.l to suspect or fear future evil, 
Fbab, \Jiet(m, IS.n to be afraid, to shudder. 
Dread, {drad, ST] to fear in an exceaaire degree. 
Aftaid of deBth ; apfrthtnA a disease ; /ear an evil, or evQ person ; bttA 

AFTER, [«/ier, S.] later in time. 
Behind, [teAinSon, S.] backwards. 

After relates to time, order, or motion ; teUnd to position. He came 
q/Icr, and stood heiand him. 

AGGRAVATE, [ajjraoo, tomakeheavy,L. 
Ibritate, Rrri/o, t ■" '■ ■ ''■ 
Provoke, y^oDoco, 

Ibritate, rirri'o, L.] to excite anger; 

Provoke, [jiroroco, L.] to anger, move, stir up, arouse. 

Exasperate, [exaspero, L.] to irritate in a high degree; 

Tantalize,* to torment by the ahow of pleasures which can- 
not be reached. 

Ponishmeats are sometimes aggraealed ; teellogs irrilaitd. W« are prozoitd 
to anger ; exasperated to madaeaa ; tanlatized by vaio desires. 

AOREFABLG, {agriable, F.] charffling, graceful, pleasant. 
Pleasant, [piaisanl, F.] delightiii^ agreeable, cheerful. 


Fleabinq, adapted t< 

AGREEABLE, consiateiit with. 

CoNFORifABLB, fcon/brnio, to nuke like, L.] corretponding 

withi Tesemblmg. 
Suitable, [«iiivre, to follow, F.] fitting);; Rccording with. 
AgratAletanaaoa; eoitfarmabUUi awltooii tiktabh to dacanataaat. 

AGREEMENT, [affr'aaertt, F.l uticles af^reed upon, stipulatioD. 

Contract, \contractKg, L.J a mutual agreement. 

Covenant, Xconwatio, L.] a solemn agreement. 

Compact, fcoropacfuin, L.] a treaty, a nadooal agreement. 

Barqain, [hargan, W.] a contract for the transfer of property. 

Agrftment by promlge ; amtracl in wriline ; coMitoni by dcM ; eotnpaci 
by commoa couseut ; tbe lao of natlooa depeoda on mutoal conpacJ ; bargaiti 

AGGRESSOR, [aggressatr, F.] one that first commencet a quurel, 
ditpute, or assault. 
Assailant, [asaaillir, to attack, F.] one that asiauHi or seta 

upon another. 
A qnsT^gome aggreuBr ; a vkilent oaioilanf. 
AGITATION, lagUati6, L.] violent motion ; dirturbance." 
Emoition, [rnnofio, L.I a violent excitement of aeniibility. 
Trepidation, [trepidalio, L.] a quaking or trembling from 

Tremor, [trentor, L.] a& involuntatv trembling or shaking. 

Agitatimu ofmiiu] or body ; emolioiu ol ae feelings and paaBions ; Irtpi- 
do/wn of body ; Jronor of the frame, joints, 8lc, 
AID, [adjuto, L.] the act of furnishing strength or means. 
AsBiHTANCB, [osfistaHce, P.] fiirtherance of the des^s of 

Hblp, [helpan, 8.] support; means of deliverance. 
Succor, [Wcurra, to mn to, L.] deliverance ftom sufiering) 

help in distress. 
Relief, [relief, F.] alleviation of calamity ; mitigation of pain, 

sorrow, want, or anxiety. 
Friendly aid ; neceasary aaistaRct ; good he^ i timely succor ; sshitary 

AIM, [esme, 0. F._] the direction of purpose towards a particular 
point i& object. 
View, [ime.F.] intention, prospect. 
Desiqk, [^designatio, L.] contnvaoce, invention, scheme or plan 

in the mind. 
Object, [o^ectum, L.] that to which the mind is directed. 
End, [end, S.] intentbni ultimate purpose j drift. 
His aim is to improve ; he has a view to Ciade ; Us dttign is to live with 
respect ; Us objeef is worthy ; his md Important. 



AIM, [etmtr, 0. F.I to direct the view or puipoie. 

Point, [mmgo, L,] to direct towards * place. 

Lbvbl, X^^f'i S.] to direct to a mark or object. 

To oina reSectioaat >ome penoui paml acuuuHi kt tlie gate. " Ambl< 
tknu York did level at thy cnnra,"— (Siofcipm.) 

AIM, to endeavor to resell, or obtain. 

AsFiBB, [atpiro, L.] to teek ambitioudy; to aim at digui^ or 
honor ; to desire with eagerness. 

Endbavob, [depoyer, N.] to eiert physical or intellectnal power; 
to tiy; to attempt. 

Strive, [itreeven, Du.] to labor; to make iu efforti to en- 
deavor with eamestneas. 

Strugolb, to labor with violent eflbrt ; to contend with diffi- 
culty or in distreu. 

Aim to be good ; atplre to be great ; endeavor to perform your dot; ; nisi 
to excel ; eanusUf eiricc ; oianj 4tiiigglt all thdi lives with poverty. 

AlB, ton*, L.] Tnanner, gestures and countenance of a person. 

Behavior, T&om brhave, compounded of be and Aodc,] manne 

of behavmg ooe'i self, whether good or bad. 
Dbpobtmbht, [damrteToentt'F.] manner ofcondncting one's self 
Mien, {mine, Fi] took, countenance, external appearance. 
Carriage, [ciomaye, F.] personal manners. 
Look, [lociati, to direct the eyes, S.l east of the countenance. 
Acp&AKANCB, [mipareo, to be manifest, L.] presence, figure. 

Dehbandb, \ae demener, to strive, F.] conduct, deportment. 

Aspect, [atpectui, L.] the air of one s countenance. 

An agree^ile, gn, oflkaslve, or lofty air ; a plesaiog or awkward addrttt i 
engaging or fbltdddiogiwiniKn .- apohteor raoe behmurr; a modest deport' 
mail 1 a goodly or sotTowAil ntni .- tarriage is haughty, giacclHil, dignUed, 
Bervile, condescendiQg, Aec. ; a iook of guilt or innocence ; beaatihil, ct^ti- 
vatiag i^feanmei ,- mild dtmeanoT ; cbiSctvi or sorrowM atpecl, 

ALARM, [alarmt, F.] a sensation ezdted l^ the qtprefaension of 

Fright, [fiT/gt, D.I a sadden and violent, but temporary, fear. 
CoNBTERNATiON, [coiMfematto, L.] excessive horror or antaze- 

A cry of alarm ; a ■pectsde- ot ttrtor ; a sadden fright ; an ovarwhdmiDg 

ALERTNESS, [dlfrte, F.l briskness, nimbleneas, vigilance. 
Alacrity, laiacritaa.'Li.'] liveliness; sprighttinesa ; a di 
readiness to act. 

Jltrtiienof bodj-j alocrily of ndnd. 

ALL, [eal, S.] the aggreeate emount. 
EvBKv, [everich, tfld Eng.] every one. 

Each, [«fc, S.] eveiyone of any number leptrately conaidered. 
Wholb, lyialg, S.] all of a thiDK ; the tot«l assemblage of pHti. 
Alt men ; chtSi ■'■''<' i ""^ indiTidnaT; the lehok human race. 

ALLAY, [alraan, S.^topttciiyi toOMe; to ease. 

Soothe, [genrfAioR, S.l to calm ; to aoften ; to mollify. 
Appkasb, [lyipaUer, F/| to reduce to a at*te of peace; to sup- 

press ; to calm. 
ASBUAOE, \_gaiDic(M, lo cease, S.] t 

Alleviate, [allevo, L.] to e««e ; to lighten ; to mitigate. 
Relieve, [re&ro, L.] to free from pain, grief, care, toil, or any evil. 
AUay heat, huo^i ; vtalit can ; qpfKoii wialh ; atiiLagt grief ; atltriale 

ALLIANCE, {alliance, F.] any union or connexion of interests. 
Lbaouk, [Uffo, to bind, L,] a treaty of alliance between princes 

CoNVBPBRAcy, ieot^<rderatio, L.] a contract between persons, 
states, or bodies of men, for mutual support. 

Afpinitt, [o^nihu, L.] rektioTi to; connexion with. 

Combination, [combmaison. P.] b joining together j a con* 

AmatnmoniBl alliinut ; the HelTctk Uagui: h trtaaoiahlt coi^edtraey i 
a natoral q^nify y eembiiialian of discontented diancteis. 

ALLOT, Ihlot, S.] to distribute, delivCT, or share by lot. 

Assign, lassii/no, L.] to &c; to spet^. 

Apportion, [iirfandi»>rlio,L.] to diriae into convenient portions. 

DiBTBiBUTE, {distriSuo, L.] to divide, or siiare; to (fispense; 
to administer. 

Appoint, \appointer, P.] to constitute, or ordein. 

Destine, [deatino, L.} to order j to devote ; to fli unalterably. 

Allot a task ; 'aaign a reward ; i^ortioit an ntaU ; dittrilnite gifts ; ap- 
pabit a time ; iaUat to a pnrposc. 

ALLOW, lallouer, F/l to give ; to permit ; to admit of. 
Grant, [grarUer, S.] to yield; to concede. 
Bestow, [slowr, place, S.] tonre; to confer; to impart. 

Alloa a maintenance ; grant a penmni ; bttton aims. AUmc merit ; jrraaf 
a privilege ; btitMC praise. 

ALLOWANCE, an ^tpoiuted portion, maintenance. 
Stipend, [atipmSum, L.] settled compensation. 
Salabv, [soiarium, L.] annual, periodical payments ; stipulated 

Wages, [jages. P.] recompense for personal service. 
Hire, [iyre, S.l the price paid for the use of a thing, m compen- 
sation ibr labor. 


Pay, [paye, F.] rewaid, recompeiue. 

AllotemM to the high or the low; the clerg}mau'B itipend; tiie ekrii'a 
salary ; laborer'a hire ; aenants' uaga ; aoldier's pay. 

ALLUDE, [alhtda, L.} to ipeak in reference to iome thing not 
direcUf mentioned. 
Rbfek, [rg'rro, L.] to send back; to direct to apasaageinabook. 
Hint, to give a brief or nartial notice of a thing; to bring to 

mind by a remote ftUusion. 
Sdgcest, [saggero, L,] to intimate ; to inainuate good or iU. 
AUude to aa aStii ; r^er to b dote) Unt at a dmuDstance ; ni$g>a(au idea. 

ALLUDE TO, to have some reference to a thing, without the di- 
rect mention of it ; to mention alightl]'. 
To Olancb at, to Tien with a quick caat of tlie eye ; to cm- 
sure by looae hints. 
He fieqnently sllufn to the Sacred Scriptnces ; he ojfadnl to an andcot 
writer \ lu gkncAt at the follies of the age. 

ALLURE, [feuTTM-, O. F.] to invite b; something flattering or 

Intitb, \ximto, L.] to aolicit, to persuade. 
Attract, [offraAo, LJ to draw to by moral influence. 
Engaob, \engager, F.J to min by plesNug means ; to gfdn ; to 

Tempt, \tenteT, F.] to incite to evil, 

Seduob, rserfi(co,L.]tomiBlead,todrawa8idefi'omthei»thof duty. 
ExTiCB, {at^er, F.] to draw in cunningly; to instate by ex' 

citing hope or desire. 
Decoy, to lead by artifice into a snare ; to entice to destruction. 
AppearsDcis, prospects, &e. alhire,- advantages ueifti charms, graces, 
moral qualities, olfrocf ,* manners tngagi i pasuons, persons, and things 
ttm-^t U3 ; compan; nducu ; words atiee i Mse arts ittas. 

Each flattering h(^ and each aUuriajr jo;. — (LyfltUon.) 

Shady grorea, that eas; akep jncife, 

And afto' toilsome days, a sirft repose at night. — (i>ryil«i.) 

She was indeed, and lovely, to attnui 
Thy love ; not thy subjection.— (MiJ(im.) 
When beaaty ceases to mgagt, — (Prior.) 
So sang the syrens, nith enchanting sonnd, 
EHtieag sll to listen, and be drowned. — {QraimiU.} 
" i><CDji«I by the tantastic blaze." 

ALLUREMENTS, enticemeota, temptationa. 

Attbactiohb, graces or qu^ties which have the power of at- 

Charms, (cannen, a song, L.] power to delight. 

Enticed by oHBrwinih; enga^ by oifroefiow ,- sriuced by eAornu. The 
alluremeKta of pleasure ; the atlraclioiu of beauty ; the chama of melody. 


ALLY, [allii, F.} one that ii muted to some other hy mtniage, 
fhenddiip, or treaty. 
CoN'FEDBRATB, [eonfaderatiu, leagued together, L.] ooe who 

eogagei to aupport ■uothei'. 

ALONE, [aU and ime, S. ailem, 0.1 one by hinuelf. 

S0LITA.BT, [loIitariM, L.] retired, piifUe ; dettitute of company. 
LoNBLY, i^ttlig, Sw.] lequeirtei^d, unfrequented. 
HtiaaSmt! ti mlUary "haai ; a louJy place. 

ALSO, [aU and 10,] beaidei, at well. 

LiKKViea, [liie and tvue,] in the aame manner, m(weo*er. 

Too, [(0, S.Jin addition. 

"Where your tnamre i», then will jaar heart be aim." (St. Halt.) 
Liiaau, in compaiiaoa ; loiig life and happlaew toe. 

ALWAYS, [aii and way 1 eol and meg, S.] throughout all time. 
At all tiubb, always. 
EvBB, \_'fTe, S.I without eud, eternally. 

CoNTiNUAt.i>y,'[conA'niRu, L.l nithoutpaiue; without Tariation. 
Pbrpbtuallv, [jwyehnu, L.] constantly, inceauntly, unin- 

Ood is olvayi the tame. Han ibcnild at oil timet be guided by the piindplet 
of TJrtue. " He will ener be mlndM of his coreuant." Tbe oceas la coa- 
MwwfljiroIlingltawBveinpon tbesboR. A pecenaial aprlog flows i»nx'i>'i''i'' 

AlfAZED, [nuue, a whirlpool, S.] confounded, perplexed. 

Abtomibhbd, [Mtonni, O. F.] struck with a^niration or wonder. 
Surfhibbd, [mrprit, F.} taken u 

lozed with what is Incomprehntsible or&ightfDI; 
VBst and great ; tarptind with what ia unexpected, or norel. 

AMBASSADOR, [amiuaiadtmr. P.] a minister of the highest rank 
sent by ooe aover^gn aa his repreaentative at the court of 
another prince or state. 
Envoy, [eneoy^, F.] a minister of inferior dignity sent by one 
prince to aoother for the transactioa of an affair. 

tranaact public businesi. 
Dbputt, {dijpttti, F.] a penon appointed to represent and act 

in the plitce oS another. 
An asiioMiidor resided Id the coDDtrr, towhieban ncoy was sent on par- 
tienlac occasioiii ; a plfl^p^mfjory arriied at the coagress, who was followed 
Vj a drpiity from the diet of Botisbon, 

AMBIGUOUS, [omi^irtM, L.] doubtful, uncertain. 

BaoivocAi., [aqvivocia, L.] capable of a double interpretation. 

Tt.. 4. 1 — !_■ .1... :.. Tneanlng is doabtfol ; he seems to 

IS on purpose to mislead. 


. o refonn by quitting bad lubiti. 
CoRttscT, [corrigo, L.] to lemove errors. 
Refobh, [rtfonno, L.T to restore to a good st«te. 
EBOTiFY.TrecdjSfi ""**- " " 
lupaovB, [f)r(w«r 

Mend, [emendo, L.I to repair a thing wrong or damaged. 
Bbttsr, [beleriiM, S.] to meliorate ; to increaae the good qoali- 

Amaid wtmtis wrong; tmreel whatia cnoaeooB; rf/bnn the lift; "'*^ 

miatakn ; inproK inTwitiDiu ; mend Tonr ways ; bttttr roar coDditioa. To 
amnd implies aomcthiog prerloaaly wrong ; to imprmt ones not. 

CHABHtNa, pleuiug in tbe highest degree. 

Pascinatino, \_fatcino, to bewitch, L.] enchanting, captivating. 

An amiobfe charactCT ; a lonely woman ; eharaang vokc ; fiadnatiag ap- 
pearance, conversation, &c. 

AMICABLE, [mntciiiilM, L.] peaceable ; harmonious in mutual or 

Fbiindlt, Q/reoR, to free, to be willing, S.] diapoaed to jHti- 
mote ikt good of another. 

^mieabltto all meu;/naKUywltii the good. jlmlcnAletenos ; /rjendly adtlce. 

AMOROUS, [amorosM, L.] relating to lore, or apt to fall in love. 
LoviNO, entertaining a strong afiectioafor. 
Fond, [/undion, to caress, S.J foolishly tender ; injudicioutly in- 

Bewan of g;iving way osiami dupoaition ; be diaoceth IMJH to 
your wlies ; pareati are fimd of their children ; the lap-dog is yoad of hla 
miatecBfl ; a diild is fond of play. 

AMPLE, Ifonpbis, L.] laraje, abundant. 

Spaciouh, [imacieux, FJ that is of vast extent. 
Capacious, \capax, L.Jable to hold a great deaL 
impU store, allowance, rewaid, &c. ; jpsciou hoiuc, garden, field, &«. ; 

cqpnctinu vessel, waters, sonl, mind, heait. 

AMPLE, liberal, difiiuive, fiilly sufficient. 

Plbntivci., \_ple»iu, L. andyU^,] eiubenmt, truitiul, yielding 

Plbnteous, emberaot, fertile, rich in nipjiliei. 

Abundant, [pbtmdani, L.] in ^reat quantitv, overflowing. 

Copious, \copiosKs, L.] furnishuig AiU supplies, 

A ptrnt^fvl or abmidiait harvest ; plenttmu crop ; ainadmt metaj, ldnd> 
nesa ; ci?p>uui supply, stream, treaBores ; ample store, provl^on ; an an|ile 

AMUSE, [jaiuuer. P.] to entertain with tranquUhty. 


DiVBBT, [ifipwio, to tnmamde, L.jtowhilMalC; toturaofftbe 
mind from bntinet* or itudy. 

Entertain, [aUretimr, F.] to engage the attention agreeably. 

BaauiLi, [be, and jrutlej to deceive pleaiingly. 

Aauued wiOi toyi, cans, ban'-'— ■— ■ ■'—'■-' — <•■>• ■ 
&c. ; eidertmtd by a Ingedf^ c 
oni motber En. 

AMUSEMENT, a pleaninble occi^tioD of the mind. 

Ektbbtainxbnt, tlie pleantie or initruction derived firom dii- 
coutte, oratory, mtuio. See. 

DiTKBBiON, wbatever unbend* die mind. 

Spokt, [60^, jeat, Du.] play, game. 

Rbcrbation, refreshment or amnaement after bhor. 

Pabtimb, that which paaaeitinieagTeeabfy. 

AmiaemeBi in nadii^ ; fl^frfaiiuiflif at th« theatre or eoacett ; ditwrnsu 
at feasta ; iportt of the tiii ; ritreatitmi of companT, gardeniDg, &c. ; ft- 
creatieiu for tlie laborious ; pattima for the iodolent. 

ANCIENT, iancien, F.] that nhich ia of former time. 
Old, [eald, S.] b^un long ago ; &r advanced in life. 
Antiqite, [antiquiu, L,] appearing of ancient origin and worii- 

manahip ; not modem. 
Antiouated, out of uae ; having lott iti binding foice by non- 

Old- FASHION ID, [etdd, S. and/ofon, F.] formed according to 

obsolete ciutom or fiubion. 
0BSOI.BTI, [absoletiu, L.] nom out of uae ; unfaihionable. 
Aneitnt date ; otd age ; antigue piece of nrt ; anii^tated lawSf nUea ; oid- 
/atlaontd dress, famittire ; obnlete terms, vords, customs. 

ANECDOTE, [a, not, eidotot, published, Or.] a biographical inci- 
dent I an interesting (kct. 
Story, [stier, S,] the narration of a series of incidents ; a tricing 

eatertainlns storjf. Anecdota for 

ANECDOTES, detached biographical facts of an interesting nature. 
Stobibs, account of things past. 
Mbuoibb, [memoire*, F.J remarkable observations ; biographical 

Annals, [atmalet, L.] narrativeB in which every event is re- 

cor^dnnder its 

proper year. 

CHBONicbBB, [chroaot, time. Or.] r^isteta of events in order 

Lively aaiidolei ; pleasant ilnrta 1 antbentic numoiri ; miutt of r«gn« 
and na&ms 1 ckrotadtt of the timei, events, Sm. 

ANOER, [on^e, S.] a psaiimi of the mind excited by a real or sup- 
posed mjury. 


Rbsbntmbnt, [r«Meiitn»«n(, F.] the excitement produced hy a 

genw of injuiy, accompanied with a puipOK of revenge. 
Wrath, [wneth, S.l extreme utger ; exccanve indignatioii. 
IRB, [ira,!,.] keen reMotment. 
Indionation, \inttignatio, L.] anget mingled with contempt ctt' 

Cholir, [cholera, L.l pauioa ; iiritatioii of the punom. 
Raob, [rage, F.] violeDt aiiger, accompanied vrith vehement 

words, gestures, or agitation. 
Fury, [Jiiror, L.j phreoz;, madness; a storm of anger. 
Sudden oRjier { cmef reseniment ; liudietive leralh ; dreadful in ; rash 
choltr; lialtBt rage ; txtaalntfiiry, 

Disi-LBASURE, irritation of mind occasioned hy any thing that 

counteracts desire, or opposes jitomiety. 
Disapprobation, an act of the mind which condemns what is 

supposed to be wrong. 
DisLiKB, disinclination; absence of affection. 
Dissatisfaction, discontent; uneasiness proceeding from 

want of gratification. 
Distastk, disrelish ; aversion of the taste. 
DiSQUBT, [degoit, F.] aversion of the palate fVom anything; 
an unpleasant sensation of the mind, excited by something 
otFensive in the language, manners, or conduct of others. 
AvBBBiON, [anerlo, L.J dislike ; moderate hatred. 
Antipathy, [onti, agamst,p(i{A(i«, feeling, Gr.] anatural aversion. 
Hatred, [hatian, to hate, B.] ill-will, maligmty, enmity. 
RsptlGNANCS, [repugnantia, L.j reluctance; unwimngnCBa ; 

opposition of mind. 
He had cause for bis ditpkatwe ; bdng of a hasty temper, he was snd- 
deoJy proTokcd to anger ; he expressed hu cKHfiprDia/ian ; T have a diaUke 
to fcn^srd rade children ; a dit^eaiart at careless persons and actions ; a 
disscU^faclian st an indolent vorkmon, A leeUn^ of disUie ; ffioa-. 
ti^aclion of derire and eipectsdon ; a total diilatie far trifling uunK- 
meuts ; a dUg^t^ at everj thinff Indecent, filthy, and vidous. — AverMian and 
antipotkg to things ; diiUt and haired to persons ; repugmute to duUea. 
ANGRY, touched with auger; provoked. 

Passionate, [passiotU, F.] easily moved to auger. 
Hasty, [hit^f, t'.] quick, irritable. 

Asgiy feeling ; patiionate disposition ; Ikoify temper. 

ANIMADYESSION, [;iuui7uuioCT-no,L.]reniajksbyvray of censure. 

Criticisu, [chritex, a judge. Or.] the art of jui^ine of the 

beauties and faults of a. literary performauce, or work of art. 

Stricture, [slrtcfura, L.] a shght touch iqion the subject; not 

a set discourse. 
Personal unnudHniou ; literary irttionu ; iMefara oa public msBsnrcs. 
ANIMAL, [aniToalU, L.] a living creature ; any thing that has life, 
sense, and the power of locomotion. 



Bkdtb, [bmtiu, L.] an uumtd which waata the lue of KMon. 

Bkabt, \iite, F.] toy four-footed animal. 

All organized bodln enAied irith life and iiuitiiiii are iminaU, man along 
Kith the reat ; but man ii dlatingniihed from the bruli bj hi* ntiaiial and 
bmuBterial tend. Btatt of burden ; btatt of the chaao i itott u dutiDgnisbed 
from Uid. 

ANIMATE, [oaima, L,] to pve courage; to inTigorate. 

Inhpihr, uuptTO, L.J to endue with ; to infiue into tlie nmid. 
Enliven, to give life, Bpirit, or viracit;. 
Crkbr, [cA<r, entertainment, Ann.] to dispel ^oom ; to gladden. 
Exhilarate, [exkilaro, LJ to make meiTf; to raiaethenririta. 
EKGOURAaB, [eiumtrager, F.] to embolden ; to me confidence. 
Incit*, [|inei(o, L.l to atir up ; to moTe the mind to action. 
Ihpbl, [impello, L.J to drive or puih forward ; to pi'etB on. 
Urbk, [urgeo, L.] to incite; to apply force to; to preu by 

Stimulate, [ffinuilo, L.] to prick forward) to esdte by lome 

pungent motive ) to rouie to action. 
Inbtioatb, [iiuft^o, L.] to urge to ill ; to provoke or incite to 

Advance, [ocunc^.P.] to accelerate; tomakeprogTCM; toim- 

PaouoTB, [prwiwfw, to move forward, L.] to elevate; to contri- 
bute to the increase or excelloice of any thing. 

Prefer, [prafero, L.] to exalt ; to ndie. 
, Forward, [fore, and wmrd, turned, S.] to help onward. 

Comport, [con/orto, L.] to console; to relieve; to strengthen 
the mind under calamity, 

Animat/d with life, sense, thought; inipirtd with knowledge, courage; 
mScm the mind ; cliter the heart ; txhUaratt the sjririta. 

Eneimrasi the weak ; animati the itniDg to mater eieitiona ; we are ia- 
eited by passiDnB ; itttpfllfd by motives ; vgtd by drcuntstanca ; atimvlated 
by ambitioD ; intligaied by bad pasaiong and evil peisooi to wieked actions. 

£iianira^ and adiatux works of utility and IngKnions penDos ; oAima 
yourselves in knowledge and goodness, and your friends wiH be proud to jvo- 
moil your interests, and to/aneard your views. He was fnftrred to the 
bishopric of Winchester. 

Cbier the sad ; tactxtragt the timid ; contort the monmen. 

ANIMATION, the state of bong bve^ ; exdted in feeling. 
LiPE, \lif, S.] liveliness; eneixy- 
Vivacity, [tittntdtaf, L.] bris^ess, iprightlineBB of temper. 

Spirit, [ajnntus, breath, L.] animal excitement; ardor; vigor 

of intellect. 
He spoke with <mimatio», with Hfe ; hi) vhratity renders Urn a plea^ug 


ANNOUNCE, [atWHWcki, to dchver a messige, L.] to declare ; to 
give notice. 



PsocLAiU, [proelomo, L.] to utter with a loud voice ; to de- 
clare solemnly. 

Publish, [pitifteo, L.] tomake known; to tprMdibrotdj to 

Annmiiiei It to your Menda ; proclairn It to jonr nelghbon ; pvUkh It to 
the wDrtd. — Aniumiut ui arrival ; protlaim peace ; pabaih the news. 

ANSWER, [antlnryrd, S.] that which ii said inretunt to aqueition, 
Rbplt, \repli^, F.] a return in wordsor writing to something 

said orwntten bj another. 
Rbjoinder, repl; to an answer. 
ReSponsb, [respondeo, to send back, L.l an antwer, 
An aatwer to a qnntion ; ■ replj/ to an aaaama, to which jron majr pro- 

bBbly recdre a rg'iniuler. TherapMUUof theljliirgy. 

ANSWERABLE, obliged to answer to athiu^. 

EESPONSIBi.t, liable to be called upon to diacharge an obUgation. 

AccouNTABLB, liable to be called to account by a superior. 

Ahbnablb, [amaia; to lead, F.] liable to answer. 

Aniatrableto tout engagmunti ; ri^OHtibU to yovurtrasts; aetmntable 
tot j<nu proceedings ; mnowtl* to the lam. 

ANTECEDENT, {mtteedaiu, L.] goii^; before in order of time. 

Pbbcbdino, \_praeetkiu, L,] ^uig inuoediately before. 

FoBBOoiNO, going before in time or place. 

Frbvious, Ipr^eviaa, L.] leading the way; happening before 
something elae. 

Antkridb, [atiterior, L.] before, or in Gront. 

Pbiob, [prior, L,] before in or^ or dignity. 

Fobmbb, [/orma, S.] before in time; menboued before another. 

Number I. is anitetdaU to V., batlV. iaihs preeedtng number. Fongomg 
Btatement ; previous iiiquiry ; anterior or fore put of the bIcuU ; prior eiaim ; 
former terioB ; former 0(q>OHed to latter. 

APARTMENT, It^rlment, F.] a room appropriated to the occu- 
pation of an individual. 

Crahbeb, [cAomAre, F.] an iqnrtment in an upper stoiy; a 
private ueeping room ; any retired room. 

Roou, [nun, S.J a division in a house, separated from the rest 
by a partition. 

AparlmtiU to dwell In ; chamber to sleep In ; a dlnlog-rwM. 

APOLOGIZE, lapologecmai, to speak in de^ce of, Gr.} to make 
an excuse for ; to extenuate. 

Depend, ldefeado,l..Ata protect, support, uphold. 

Justify, [jWhJfer, FT] to acquit from guilt; to make his inno- 
cence appear ; to vindicate as right. 

Exculpate, [ex, and cu^o, to blame, L.] to dear of a fault ; 
to vindicate from a cha^. 

ExcDBB, [mcimo, L.] toadmit aneunue; to dispense with ; to 
free from an obligation. 

APP AKB L — APPHa B m D . 

Pabdon, [ninfeMMr, F/jtomnit thepenalhrofgnilt. 
FoROIVB, [/orgtfm, S.J to overlook an offence, and treat the 

offender as not guiltv. 
Apolofixcforaion; d^ouj buiacenee ; /nfi^ eonioet that U right i a. 
nipiife from blame ; taaae omladoaa ; pfeoil Ibr paidon. 
Baaut a fault ; pardon u oflmce ; /orgiBt an iqnrr. 

APPAREL, {i^ipanil. P.] clothing, wument, veature. 
Attirb, [ototir, 0. F.I ornamental dreai. 
Array, \arroi, O. F.J dieaa of a aplentbd kind ; gaimenta dii- 

posed in order upon the peraon. 
ComnuHi qpponl,' gay MHrt,- wmttrj arras. 

APPARITION, [mpariK, to appear, L.] s ™ible apirit. 

Vision, [ctdm, Ljsomethinsunwined to be leea, though not real. 

Phantom, \^piantagma, L.J the onded image of a person. 

Spectre, [tpectrum, L.] something msdepretematiuvlly Tiaible. 

OuosT, (gtat, S.] the loul of a det^aied peraon. 

Apparilim to the Hues ; mian at the ImaglnaBon ; tiij phmHlom ; griilj 
ipeelre ; pale glioit. 

APPEASE, [^>pauer, F.] to allay, asnuge ; to (upprei*. 

Calm, [calmer, F.] to &ee from motion, agitation, or tomult. 

Pacify, [pae^leo, L.] to reduce to a itate of peace. 

QriB-r, [tuiu, reat, L.] to lull; to rednce to a *tate of repose. 

SritL, [iriiiaa, 8.] to stop motion or agitation. 

4PP«u( wrath ; (he traves are tatmtd ; patify the cbUd i jbM Its fears ; 
the winds are ttUlid. 

APPLAUSE, [applminif, L.l great commendation ; pnblie praise ; 
approbation ezpreaaed. 
AccLAUATiON, [acclomaHo, L.] a shouting for joy. 
He was Teceived with occIaawNm, and his speo^ met i^thonboandedaii- 

APPOINT, [oTOJOnKer, F.] to constitute; to fix; to settle. 
Ordsk, [ortfina, L.] to gire command ; to give direction. 
Pbbsoiibx, [prascribo, to write before, L.J to set down autho- 
ritatively 1 to direct. 
Ordain, [oriJtno, L.] to decree; to establish; to institute. 
Appoint to an offiee ^ appm'nf a meetii^ ; the muster or customer orderi v 
Iht i^jtidtn preteriia i FravidcDce ordobi all thiags fiir our ultimate good- 

APPREHEND, [ranreA«iuft>, L.] to entertain fear of future evil. 

Fear, [/m-on, S.l to expect with emotionr ' ' — 

Bread, [<ir«rf, S.] to Fear in an eiceaaive i 

We apprthaid pnnliluueiit fOr our crimes ; fiar 
mltieB, t;rBnta, Sec, 



APPREHEND, to uttdenUnd; to concave in the mind. 

CoNCBivE, iameevoiT, F.] to form an idea in the miod. 

SupposB, tsiqtpoaer, F.I to believe witliout examination. 

Imacinb, [iTnajrincr, F.J to tsncy; topaint in tbemind, 

EadeUTOi to appreheitd the muning ; amciioi vith propriety ; tHppcut oi 
good grouoda ; do not vaiuly imi^ne. 
APPROACH, [approoSw, P.] to draw near. 

Approximate, [ad, to, proxintta, next, L.] to approtch; U 

Comets approach the earth ; Johosou laji, " Shakipere a/ 

APPROPRIATE, {approprier, F.] to aet ^wit for a particular use 
OT person; to take to one'sself. 
UsuHP, [atvrpo, L.] to seize bj force or without rieht. 
Arrogate, [ad, ana rogo, to atk, L.] to make undue claims or 

false pretensions. 
Ahsumk, [assumo, L.l to pretend to possess j to seize unjustly. 
AacBiBK, [aserifiD, LT] to attribute to asa cause. 
Appropriate to every one Eds due ; he laurped the govemmcDt, amgated 
distiacUons, aanimed piirileges, and aicribedmait to himself that belonged 

APPROPRIATE, [opproprier, F.] consigned to sonje particular 
use or person ; suitable. 
Particular, individual; one distinct fiom others ; special. 
Peculiar, [pteuUans, L.] belonging to any one with exdurion 

of others; lingular. 
An ajgiropriale remark ; a peenUar opinion ; a partimlar abBerrstion. — A 
peaiUar privilege ; nn i^propriaii act ; a parliaiiar account. 

ARCHITECT, [archoi, chief, (ejtfon, workman, Or.] a person skilled 
in the art of building ; a contriver. 

Builder, [bt/ldan, to confirm, S.] one whose occupation is to 
. The arcfttfeeJ plans ; the buiidtr constncts. 

ARDUOUS, [ardw», L.] hard to neribrm ; attended with lah(w. 
Difficult, [dij7icijw,L.] troublesome to perform or understand. 

An nnJiHHU nndertaking ; a ^ffieull eierdse, task. 

ARGUE, [arjmo, L.] to offer reasons in support of an opinion or 

Dispute, [disputo, to throw from, L.^ to contend in argument; 

to attempt to overthrow by reasomng. 
Debate, {dtbattre, F.] to discuss ; to contest. 
Evince, [ennco, L.] to show clearly ; to manifest. 
Prove, Iprqfiati, S.^ to show as certain, or establish truth by 

argument or testimony. „ 

Arjac in defence ; ditpute in refutation ; dtbate In parli»iW|r[ti Argue in 
evidence ; rrinn the truth ; prD« the tacts. 



ARGUMENT, [argumeniimi, L.] a terie* of reuoning ; inference ; 

Rbabon, [rouon, F.] tite poimd oi cauie of an opinion or con- 

Proof, the procei* or operation that ascertains tmtli or fact. 

Deteai by arguiiient ; juitiff by rtatm ; Mabllih by proo/, 

ARISE, 01 RISE, [uruon, S.] to get up ; to move upwards. 
Mount, [Wirier, FJ to ri>e on high, 

A.3csvo,\a*eendo, L.] to go up ; to move lugher and higher. 
C1.IWB, rcKwan, S.] to creep up by little tatd Lttle; to ascend 

with labor and difficulty. 
ScAbB, [teaiare. It.] to ascend hj a ladder, or stepi. 

Aritt from a scat ; the Urd rtta in the air, minmf) aloft, and atcaidi out 
tt sig^t. CUmbUniotkai )cale the waUa. 

ARMS, [arma, L.] all nuumer of weopona of ofitece, or armor fof 

Weapons, [wapit, S.] all sorts of instruments of contest. 

Cumone, moskets, ptitola. &c. ate Art^ami. Hw nxiqiinu of nide as- 
ttODS arc cluhe, abmeB, and bows and arrows i dTiliied natiani tue nmrdj, 
cahnoDs, mosketa, and bayonets. " .Inns and the man I liag." — (Drydm.) 
"Thiweapont of our warfcre amnot carnal." — (5(. Paul.') 

ARMY, [amtie. P.] a body of men armed for war, oi^inized in 
companies, battaJions, &c., under proper officers, the whole 

commanded by a general. 

HoBT, [hostia, an enemy, L,} any great number or multitude. 

.jmiy of soldieri ; Aoif of inTsders; last of evils; jkari of tongoes. 
After these came armed, with speu and shield. 
An lioit 10 great as covered all the field. — {Dryden.) 

ARROGANCE, [arroifantia, L.^ the dispoiition to make esorbi- 
tant claims of rank or eatinuition ; self-importance. 
PRIDB, [pryiie, 8.} inordinate self-eateem. 
Frbhumption, IpratuB^th, L.] boldness, forwardness, in- 
Vanity, {vanitai, L.] conceit of one's persona] attunraents or 

decorations ; inflation of mind upon slight grounds. 
Haughtiness, \kaiUate, P.] self-unportance; pride mingled 

with contempt for others. 
Loftiness, [Kfier, to. lift, D.] elevation of m 

character, or condition. 
Disdain, [liM, not, dignui, worthy, L.] contempt, scorn. 
Arrogance of" demand ; pnde at heart ; praianptum of youth ; Winity oS 
affectatian ; haagliiintu of behavior ; Iq/tineu of look ; insolent dudotn. 
" JMde goeth before de»tnictLon."—(iVm.) " LetmypremntpHon notpro. 
vokelhy wratli."— (SAaiipn-e.) " Vmily is the food of 'tools."— (Siof/*,) 
" I win lay low the kmisliUaea of the terrible."— (fteirt.) " The firrt in 
In/tnien of thong^t siiqBgBed." — {Drydai.) " My aoiil is moved withjnst 
diadaiH ." — {Pope.) 


ART, [art, L.] Blltliat which ia performed by the ikill and indiu^ 

CuNNlNa, [cimnan, to luiow, 8.] craftineai, ingenui^, iKUl. 
DiCEiT, [dtceul, N.] artifice; ttratagem; device utefidnl to 

Deception, [<jecn>tia, LJ the ait or meMUofdeceiriiig; fallacy. 
Duplicity, iduphcitas, L.] doublenesB of heart ; diBsimkdtttion. 
Double-Dbalikq, the profesuon of one thing and the practice 

of another. 

n Biid HNRui? can only be justified ifhea osed in self-defence, bnt dtetU 
a alvais the mark of a low baM mind. BaM deeiit ; deetptioa la appear- 
ance ; dirpUd'y of clumcter ; he ix nilty of da^le AeaMng, and ncting two 
partB at the same time ; Afrmdaa Uie ptibUe ; a tnacbcnnu gtiiie. 

ARTFUL, BkiUul, eimnitt^, crafty. 
Artificial, [artijuMilta, L.] not genuine or natimil. 
Fictitious, [jietitmi, L.] feigned, fabuloiUj imaginary. 

Ar(fid!^orj\ arflricM character ; jtettNow tale. 

ARTICLE, [arftcubu, L.] a coDdition in u agnementj kungle 

clause in a contract. 
Condition, [condiMo, L.3 a bargain or agreement. 
Term, [temttniu, L.] stipulatiauj aproposidon stated I^ one 

party and assented to by another. 
ArtUlti of Indentore ; conitNoiH of sale ; lemu of agreement. 

ARTIFICE, [artMcium, L.] a crafly derice, or fraud. 
Strataobh, sjitrotagena, L.] a plan or scheme to obtain tome 

erie, F.l a aly &aud ; a wile ; a deedtAd ai 
tM«, FT] a ' 

Finesse, {Jmeast, FT] art, nibtlcQ' of contrivance. 
Cunning, alyneaa, craftineaa, fraudulent dexterity, ahrewdneaa. 
iri^et to decdTc ; ilrata^an to disgnise ; trick to dude ; fivaae combiDeiB 
art and enmang, and ia tike inatnuncat of the ctaftr. 

ARTIST, [art, arUt, L.] a matter of any of the fine arts. 
Artisan, one akilled in any art or trade. 
Artificer, \artiftm, L.] a manufacturer; one whose boaineM 

requires udll or knowledge. 
Mechanic, [mecAosictu, L.J a person whose occnpatiofl is to 

construct machinea, instruments, be. 
Moiiidana and painters are artitU 1 smiths and carpenters Brfiiau .- a 
saddler is an arl^ctr 1 alioe-msken, watch-inalwia, &c. are mttitnitt. 

ASCRIBE, [(ucW&o, L.] to astign; to yield as due. 
Attribute, [affri^KO, L.] to consider as belonging. 

Impute, [tBiputo, L] to cnarge; to set to the account of. 

LfMKB may otten be otcniei to impnideace. We stfriiiitc slor; to God ; 
imfKle praise or blame to men with candor and equity. 

ASHAMED, [(ueanum, to bltuh, S.] conAued by a coiucknuiieM 

of guilt, &c. 
Bashful, [AofA, to be caat down, Heb.] modecti bxaag ■ 

downctut look. 
Athamed at onr tenlts ; bail^ when Bpokea to. 

ASK, [ascian, S.J to seek to know or to obtain bj word*. 
Bbg, {be(/ehren, G.] to wk earnestly or huml^. 
RBauEST, [regutro, L/] to express a desire for. 
iNftOlRB, ^nqmro, L.J to seek for information. 
Question, [gtuero, to seek, L.] to ask question*. 
iNTEksoGATR, [intenogo, L.l to examine by asking 
Claim, [clamo, to cry out, L.J to ask is ■ rigbt. 
Demand, [drmatidtr, F.] to S4k by authority. 

Bbsbech, [^esccun, to seek, S.^ to pray witb tu^ency. 
Solicit, [solidto, L.] to a«k witb some degree of came 
Entrbat, [tractn, L7] to beg earnestly; to solicit preiwugly. 
SuPPUCA-TB, [nimilico, of Aii bend downwards, L.J 

to petition wiUi eameHtness and submission. 
luPLORE, [imploro, L.] to beg earnestly witb tears and prayen. 
CsAVB, lcTiffia«, S.J to ask with eamestnesa or importunity, 
RsauiRB, [reqviro, L.]to Hk by autboritv; to make necessary. 

Wc Odt fbi InRirmatiaD I b^torwsnti rtqimt ttmi ; inquire lor caiiatitjt 
ve qutilioa, itUfrrogaltf elaun, and demamd, from authority ^ require tbfi per- 
Ibrmance of muonuile duty. 

To eik is geuersl ; to A'r; la submii^on ; to reqiuil Is independent ) to ui- 
— '-- is the qujdltT crfateamrr; lo qneation, interrogalef uid dfliund, thA 
ace at a snp^ior, or of the (slselT accused ; we cdiln our rlgfata lahidi 
been withheld. 

We btifieh, enlrtatt and toUcil, from urgent uecestlt; ; a state of abject 
uutieaa leads us to lupplicofe and inplan ; and, in the Terr toweit state of 
wrttcticdncsa and want, we may be led to cravt a morsel of bitad. Demand 
a just debt ; ptifarm the datia tdigton reguires, 

ASPERSE, [asptrgo, to scatter, L.] to tarnish the reputation or 

Detbact, [dHraho, to draw from, L.] to lessen the worth or 

estimation of another; to depreciate. 
Dbfahb, Idiffamo, L.J to backbite, or apeak enl of; to dishonor 

by false reports. 

Slander, [e!ctandre,F.^ to iiHurebr false and malicious re{>orts. 
Calumniate, [eabemnK, L.J to coai^ fidiely and knowingly 


irf their own inTcntiDn. 

ASSEMBLE, latsemiUr, F.J to meet ; to bring or call t<^etber. 
HusTBB, ttmmtlro, to show, L.] to gather togeliier ; to meet : 


Collect, {eoliigo, L.] to gather togetiier, 
CoNVBNEiTcoacenm, L.] to summoD judiciallj. 
Convoke, [coniwco, L.] to call together. 

Aumblt the paiUameat ; mialtr the Meiers, resources, Sic. ) collect ca- 
riositla. Ccnaeiu the inhabUaata ; tmttolii the prieatbood. 

ASSEMBLY, [oMemilcc, F.] a concoune or meeting of people. 

AsSBMBLAOB, a number of individuals brouglit together. 

Group, \_groig>e. P.] a cluiter, a crowd, a throng. 

Collection, the tmnga gathered ti^ether. 

^nemily DtperBona ; attemblagt ctf objecta ; groi^ of Sgana, penoni, &c. ; 
eoUeetim of booka, pldmn, &c. 

ASSEMBLY, a meeting or collection of indiTiduali. 
Company, [compagnie, F.] a number of perioni met for cobtct- 

sation or pleasure. 
Meeting, [mott, Sw.]aeonventicle; acollection of people. 
CoNOBBOATiON, [congrego, to herd together, L.] an auembly 

of personi met for worahip and religioua initniction. 
Parliahrnt, Iparlement, F.I the supreme council of thenation. 
DiBT, [diata, L.j an aaaembly of states to deUberate on the 

aftiurs of an empire. 
CoNaBESs, [cottgrettut, L.] a meeting of the representative! of 

several courts. 
Convention, [eonvtutio, L.] an msemblyof the states of the 

realm for dvil at eccteuastical purposes. 
Synod, [tyitothi. Or.] a council of the bishops of a province 

or nation, or of different natioiu. 
Convocation, {comiocatio, L.l aB assemb^ of the bishops and 

clergy of England to consult on ecclesiastical affairs. 
Council, [concilium, L.j a body of men convened for consulta- 
mportant afiaira. 

A pabllc auflHAly ; a miTste conpony ; CDrnpany of eomediaoa, &c. ) 

mielisg for buunees i a CSuistlaii emigrtgatuiti ; the Britiab parHamaii _ 

-med by the naaemblmg of the three estates of tlie realm ; the diets of Po- 

n emigrtgatuiti i the Britiab parHamaii is 
tiree estates of tlie realm ; the diets of Po- 
land aad Germany were aimilar to it In aome reapects ; the delegatea vera 

despatched to the cmgrtu t repablican amcenf-'— ■■ — ' '■' — ' 

eccleaiutiei ; the great touruti of the oalion. 

ASSENT, [aiientio, L.] the agreement to a statement or abstract 
Consent, eoiuentua, L.] agreement to a proposal; permiasion. 
Approbation, [approbatio, L.J a liking or appronag of. 

CoNCURRE.vcB, [conctoTo, to Tun together, L.^ an 

of two or more persons in judgmeBt or opinion. 
Atiail of the judgment ; cotutnt of the will ; wfaen the will and jndgmcDt 

aceord, asunt becomes qpprDba'i<m; amsmt of tlie indlTidoal; — 

of the majority, 

ASSERT, [assero, L.] to defend either by words or actio: 
affirm poutively. 


Maintain, [mannt, hand, teaeo, to hoU,L.]tO uphold; to lup- 

port ; to defend hy force of refttoa. 
Vindicate, [rtiufin>, L.] to jaatify ; to defend with •ucccm. 
Atfibu, rq^rmo, L.] to ftvoueh the truth of a thing ; to tell vrith 

AvsR, [avtrer, F.] to anert the truth, 
Absevbratb, \antvtro, L.] to affirm witli great tolemnity, a* 

upon oath. 
Attest, [attestor, L-l to certify ; to bew witness to the truth. 
Declare, [declm-er,F,, of declaro, L.] to proclaim or avow 

an opimoa or resolution. 
Absurb, [asiuTer, F.] to undertake or promise a thing ; to give 

confidence ; to make certiua or secure. 
Vouch, [voueher, N.J to warrant; to maintain by affirmation. 
SwBAR, [ivierian, S.I to affirm with a lolemn appeal to Ood for 

the truth of the declsration. 
Photebt, Iprottttor, L,] to make a solemn declantion of a fact 

or opinion. 

Atitrt tht truth, and tnoMain It b; arKument and fact ; vinditatt a good 
canst.— We (Bffrm what we know; o<«rf wliat we believe; merftctt; M- 
leveralt with cnnfidenee ; aUat by witneMea ; dittart by praclamatiaii ; u- 
nre from eonvietiaa ; cwcA for anotber ; (wear by oath i prolof onr ionocenee. 

ASSOCIATE, {sodut, L.] one fteqneotly in company with another; 
an intimate acquaintance. 
CouPANiON, [annpaffnon F.] a fellow, a mate, a partner; one 

havenoobjectiaii to him u *a occaslDnal cMpoiM, Imt would not have 

ASSOCIATION, a union with otheta; a connection for mutual 

Society, [socMtiu, L.] fellowthip, converaation; the union of 

a number of rational beinga. 
Company, [compoynie, F.] an aasembly of people; a public body. 
Partnership, [partior, to divide, L.] an association of two or 
more persons in some aSaii, concern, trade, &C., either for 
a limited or indefinite period. 
AuBcialim for literstsie, commeree, religion, Sec. ; literary nxiety, &e. ; 
company for trade ; East India CmipaRjr ; partntrth^ consistB of two, or a 
small nombcr, for similar purpose*. 

ASSURANCE, certain expectation; Ml confldenee ; firm perauadon. 

Confidence, [coi^dentia, L.] tnut; reliance. 

lUPUDRNCS, [inynumfui, L.] boldness; want of modest; ; ef- 

Anwante of eteraHl life in the gospel ; canfidfut la a man's Integrity. — 
Bold axnrmet ; shameless a^nidaee. 



ASTKONOHT, [asttr, atar, %omot, kw. Or.] the tcienee which 
teaches the knowledge of the celestial bodiei ; thor magni- 
tndei, motioiui, duttmcei, periods of Terolution, ecUpiea, and 

ASTKOLOGT, [aster, star, lagia, diseotine, Or.l the mactice (tf 

foretelli^ jHituro events from the tspecti m the planets. 
A^nmomg coiuutB of nal calmlatkms ; nrfroliigy of fooUsh conjectures. 

ASYLUM, [omfcrn. Or.] a uuctuarjr or place of refiige for offen- 
ders to fly to. 
Rbfdbb, [refagium, L.] ft place of protection and ssfety. 
Shelter, [«ceala, S.lthat which covers and defends ftom injuries. 
Retreat, [r«tr(H(«, F.] s place of seclusiou or retirement. 

Atuhim tat the orphan ; r^fiigetttna danger ; ihtlter from the stram ; r<- 
Irtal from the eims and toils of llfi:. 

ATONE, [supposed to be compounded of at and one,] to set those 

at one. again who were at variance ; to make satisfkction for 

an ofience or anurj ; to make repamtiou. 
Expiate, [expio, L.] to put away; make clear; to annul the 

sjuilt of a crime by subsequent acts of piety. 
Would have set them at dm «gain.^(Actg. vji. 36.) 

Some crimes seem snfBdentl; atoned for by the miser; they entail on the 
actor I others require Co be txpiaied by a 1^^ punishment. 
ATTACK, [attaqaer, F.] to commence an act of hostility ; to fitU 

upon 1 to begin a conttoversy. 
Assail, [otmiJtr, P.] to attack in an hostile mtaina;'t4)&ll 

upon with violence ; to invade. 
Assault, \atsulto, L.] to attack with force and bostihty. 
Encounter, [itteontrare, F.] to meet suddenly, or &ee to &ce ; 

to oppose. 
luFUON, [iintni^iiO', L.J to attack by word or argument; to con- 

Uterally to atlaek and eaeoanter, la used nith respect both to men and 
animala ] to osmoU and aatadlt is limited to human bein^ i but these words, 
like fdl others of the same class, are commonly used in a figuvtive sense. — 
Attack nith weapons, censures, Sic. ; n disease aitacta ; disagreeable sounds 
and murmurs laaail the ear ; lUttiO with stones, abuse, Sec. ; temptaldona 
nnoiil', which we must encouifer and oTeroomc. — frnpu^ false ootions and 
pemlcdous doctrines by argument. — Some men who caonot impugn a doctrine 
by (ugument, attack it with rt^cole. 
ATTACK, first invanon ; a falling on. 

Assault, [asaaut, F.] a violent hostile attack. 

Encocntbr, [tncontro. It,] angle combat; conflict; sudden 

Onset, [onandMt,] a violent attack; astorming. 

Charge, [eharge, Fi] a rushing on an enemy. 
Attack! on persons or property; personal aaault; an ennwBfer between 
two antagonista ; an impetuous oiuit ; a aUady charge. 

ATTEMPT, [attento, to try, to straia, L.] an effort to gain a point 


Trial, Itrekker, to make effort, D.] ft tert ; an exxrate of virtne 

or strength. 
Endeavor, [ewfemro, he ou^t, N.] labor directed to Mme end. 
EsBAT, [essayer, to trj, F.] an experiment i a trial. 
£rFOi(T, [fortit, ttroog, L.] an exertioD of streDgth. 
A spirited atttaipt ; a patevaiog trial ; an luHieat atdtmmr ; an Oiajr of 
jont]i ; a mighty ^ort. 


Undbrtakinq, [fVom under, and tair,] tmjr btuinen, work, or 

project which a penon engages in. 
Entekprisk, [mtrtprite, F.Ta design ; a pnnect attempted. 

An or^nary atlrmft ; a aoknu vtiertiilaKg ; a hazardoaa tatrrptitt. 

ATTEND TO, [attendo, L.] to r^rd with attention. 

Hind, [nunnoi, to remember, Sw.] to observe ; to be diapoaed to 

legard with attention, Bubmiasion, or obedience. 
Regard, {regaTder, F.] to look upon with concern, eRimation, 

□r affection; to have reapect to. 
Hbbd, \kedan, S,] to recard with caret 
Take notice, [wftfiii,!..] to giun the knowledge of ; to obser 

Atttni to your picceptor ; mind what he saya; rtgardiia cDmueUi h 
his warnings; iakettotieefslViaal 

ATTEND, to bend the mind to ; to wait on ; to accompany. 

Wait on, [?«'"(««<', W.] to attend upon j to perform lervicesfiw. 

A physician aJ^flidfluB patient, aniu» the lickt we vxiH npon oar tiieada ; 
■ervanta vnnl on their maMen. 
ATTEND, to give ear to ; to fix the mind upon. 

Hearken, [ieoronian, SJ to give heed to what ii uttered. 

Listen, \tystan,to lean, S.] to attend cloiely with aview toliear. 

Mtaid to B diaconne ; htarkm to what ia said to yon, but do not liittn to 
vbA pasaea betneea others, la whieh yon han no eoncem. 

ATTENTION, the act of bending the mind upon any thing. 

Application, [opjiifeatto, L. Jdiligence ; intenaeneaa of tbou{^ht. 
Stijoy, [»(udeo, to fix the thoughta, L.] application of the mind 

to any branch of learning. 
GItc attention to leamiDK ; be aaaued that wSthont i^HcaUon yon cannot 
toaks proficiency ; knowledge Is gained by ttudg, 

AVAIL, Ivaleo, to be strong, L.^ efficacy ; benefit ; advantage 
towards luccess. 
Use, [urns, L.] the employment of any thing to a purpose, good 

or bad. 
Service, [lemitium, L.] iutereU; good; advantage. 

Precept! are of little maO when not cnfOreed b) a proper asmple ; talent! 
are of no we, If not employed In the wmM of the pahlic. 

AVARlCE,[atiariftfl,L.] an insatiabledesire of accumulating weahh. . 
Covbtousnebs, [eovetue, greediness, N.] eagerness to at^~ 
^mriM keep! what CO ' '"" 



AVARICIOUS, [mxttva, L.] iuunodentetjr desirovi of *ccuinu- 
lating property. 

CovBToUH, [cowoUer, to covet, F.] inordinately desirouti ex- 
cetnvdy eager to gain. 

Parsimonious, [parcut, close, L.] thriit)'; spfuii^inthe ex- 
penditure of money. 

Near, [ii«r, S.] close ; frugal. 

NiGOARDLV, r«^. Straight, W.] sordidly mean and panimonioos. 

pENUKious, [peiMiHa, scarci^, L.] not Uberalj nuserly; ex- 
cessively saving. 

' - ' ratBiDing ; coBttma in getdng; a partimoniout lift; ~ 

B nifgardli/ temper, sift, &<:■ ; a Kminaiu imtch. — The ovari- 
cKipi SIC uuifiUIng to part with mat monn ; the eoneloia are eager to obt^n 
mosey ; the lujrjrardly are mean in tlielr dealings viOi others ; the fonimo- 

AUDACITY, [mdaeitiu, L.] daring spirit; resolution; coaSdence; 


decorous b< 

Effronterv, r^^ronf^, F.] impudence ; shamelesaneu; 
s boldnes! 

ir Eabdiness, [hardieite, F.] intrepidity; bold- 
ness united with firmness nud constancy of mind. 
Boldness, [see boid,2 courage; bravery; fearlesaneis. 
The avdaaty a a rel>el ; the iiffroiUery of a viUaia ; tiie hardihood of an 
sdiocBte ; bDhbint of ipeech. 

AYENGE, [ptnger, F.] to take satisfaction for an mjury ; to punish 

Rbvknob, to inflict punishment maliciously or illegally. 
ViNDiCATB, [rtntfico, L.j to defend; to nmintain; to clear or 

Avenge another's wrongs ; tindkatt ills lights ; rettnge out jontsdf on ao 

AVERSE, [floersas, L.] that dislikes, or is opposed to. 

Unwillinq, [vUUg, disposed, Sw.l not wilting ; disinclined. 

Backward, uotr; hesitating'j behind in time. 

Loath, [lath, S.] disliking; extremely reluctant. 

Reluctant, [reluctaai, L.] acting with opposition of heart, 
with slight repugnance. 

Averae to study ; uiuciiluig to leem ; baekaard in his lessons ; taalk to be 
instmcled ; rehiitimt to poAiiin his tasks ; Ignorant he must remain. 

AUGUR, [augur, a foreteller of fiiture events, L.] to guess; toccai- 
jecture by signs ; to prognosticate. 

Prehaoe, [presagio, to perceive before, L.] to apprehend be- 
fore-hand; to divine ; to foretel ; to predict. 

Bbtokbn, [betircaa, S.] to foreshow by s^ns. 

FoRBBODB, [fore, and bodian, to announce, S.} to foretel; to 
foreknow ; to feel a secret sense of something future. 



AVIDITY, [avidUiu, L.] intenjeneii of de«ire ; itrong appetite. 
Oreedinebs, [aritdiif, hungry, S.] nvenoiuneu ; keeimen of 

appetite or degire ; Toraan. 
Eaobrhbbs, [^r, sharp, W.] ihai^eu ; ardor of deiire ; 

promptnest of zeal. 
Acidilg ol diaiit \ jfmdiiuu of gain ( eoj^tnutiof dkpoaitioii i men pnnae 

AVOID, [tvito, L,] to withdraw Eeom; to etnpei to keep from. 
EscHBW, lackaitr, N.] to ihtm; to flee from. 
Shdn, [saaaati, S.] tok«ep dear of ; not to anociatc with. 
EbUDB, [eliuh, L.] to erade ; to escape by artjflce. 
Avoid naamla ; etchti! evil ; i)mn bad compaaMis ; then yon will tbidi 

AUSPICIOUS, [oHtpicialii, L.] bearing omen of anccess ; fovor- 

able; proaperous. 
Pkopitiovs, ipropititu, L.] fevOTable; Icind; disposed to be 

KradouB or merciful. 

Anipiaaia dicnuutaacea ; propUiimt dime. 

Anapidoat chief I tiij race lu tinM* to come, 

Sboll ipreul the conqpesta of the Imperial Rome. — {Virgil.) 

Ere Ffatebuiroee, he had Implored 

Propilimi HeaTBn.— (Pop*.) 

AUSTEEE, [oMtenu, L.] aour, harah, crabbed. 

Rigid, [ri^tc^, L.J strict; stiff: exact. 

Sbverb, [sevfna, L.] roi^b, sharp; extreme in rigor. 

RiGOBOua, [rigorostu, L.J without abatement or indulgence. 

Stern, [stym, S.] harsh; cruel. 

Aatitre maaler ; rigtd justice ; lenre panlahmukt ; rigonm dl*d|iUiK ; 
(f em decrees. 

AUSTERITY, [austeritai, L.] harsh discipline; severity of manner 

Sbvbbitv, [secfrftiM, L.] gravity; extreme strictness; excea- 

Bive r^. 
Rigor, [rigor, L.] exactness without allonanjie. 
Aiaitriij/ of a mcmulic life ; tewriiy at paia i rigor of pnnisluaeatT of the 

AUTHORITY, lauctonlat, L.] 
Power, [poucotr, F.J comma 
Strrnoth, [slraufth, S.] physical or mental force ; power of 

Dominion, [domnimii, L.] aoverdgn authority ; supreme power. 



Inplubncb, [m|l«o, to flow in, L.] moral power ; power of 

directing, or modifying. 
AscBNDANCT, controlling influence; prcdonmunce. 
Sway, control; direction; •uthority tW inclinet to one aide. 
Aullvint!) of a prince ; povyer of ajadge ; ttrenglh of ui tamf ; liainuNiiii 
of BO empire. — Infliunee to persuAde ; tBttJutriiy to compe] ; be gabled on «- 
ctitdimcs ; he exottd liia nnj/ . 

AWAIT, [ffweUiaiB, W.] to be ready ; to UAy for ; te rest in patientM. 
Wait fob, to remain in expectation of. 
Look fob, [Iocmm, S.] to seek, to learch for. 
Expect, [acpecto, L.] to look fbrward to a future event. 
ur. -1 — '■' — !ii tri^ -willioiit dismay ; wait far opportunity i It 1> vain 
"- ' - '"jutifrtM. 

AWAKEN, [gewacoK, S.] to put into new action; to arouie &om 

ExciTB, {exeito, L.] to itimulate; to inflame. 

Pbovokk, [proeoeo, L.] to ctdl into action. 

RousB, Ibnsmt, S.] to ruae ; to agitate. 

Stir VP, [«ftmn, S.] to quidten ; to put In action ; to ditturb. 

Tn'citb, [inctfo, L.]t«tuumate; to spur; toui^on; to encourage. 

AtBain feelingg t exaie seatlmeiits ; eru words pnmoke anger, tone pas- 
don, and ttir vp wrath. — Exeiti feelings ; iaMt to action ; acitt mirtli i it 
excited a smile ; it ixcUed liia displeaiare ; a thlrat tor gain incilei men to 
dishoaeet practicea ; prmoked to anger, jealousj ; ptwoked to laugliUr. 

AWARE, [ynooruiR, S.] to be in a atate of Tigilance or watchfiilnen. 
Be on one's euAHD ; to be in a state of caution or defence. 
Bb apprised, [apprU, F.] having notice of; informed. 
Bb coMscioDs, [coMCMS, L.] knowing by internal perception 
or experience. 

A general saoold be amm of eontingendefl, on hit gaard againet atrata- 
gems, ojipriKiI of the iatentloiu of the enemy, and cmtciota of the strengtii 
of his army, before he hazards an eagageinent- 

AWE, lege, S.] reverentiBl feu ; dread inspired by aometbing great 
and sublime. 
Reverbnce, [reverentia, L.] fear mingled with respect andesteem. 
Dread, [draS, S.} habitual fear; apprehension wT impending 

evil or danger, 
Stand in awe of jonr Creatw ; revereiue reUefon and virtite : then vnu 
need not dread death ni 

AWKWARD, [award, S.] wanting dexterity; nnmcefiiL 
CbDUBv, [mm clump,] short and thick; iU-made ; ung 

An itiDjhDaril gait ; a cltwHy th^ie. 

AWKWARD; unnatural; bad. 

Cross; peevish; fretful; ill-humored. 

Untoward, vexatious; not easily guided, governed, or taught. 

Crooked, [kroget, D.] out of the path of rectitude ; deviotu. 


Frowabd, [fi-ammeard, turned &t>in, S.l unyielding ; reEncUny. 

" ' "■ "" * -A; nutractcble. 

■d child ; ui Hntoaardfieatt 

Pkrvbrsb, [ perfersai, L.] croM-gnined ; nutractcble. 
. .._..__.., — . ajnncard el" • -" - 

a avoted ptupoie { pentne diipoalUoD. 

AXIOM, [omomo. Or.] ui ertabliahed principle; a tdf-ferident 
truth inn ■' ■* " *" 

H, {max 

position or principle. 
APHoniSM, [aphorimiot, Gr.] s detached leiitence containing 

gome important truth. 
Apophthegm, [apqpAtfte^nia, Gr.] a short inatmctiTe remark, 

uttered on a particular occaaion, or by lome diatinguisbed 

Saving, [lojra, S.] an eipreaaioD; a aeutence uttered; an opi- 
nion declared, 

AOAGB, [odo^Hnt, L.] a niae obaerration, handed down from 

Proverb, iprova-bitim, L.J an old pithy laying ; a aenteuce ex- 
pressing a well-known truth or conmum &ct. 

Bte-wobd, a common utyiug; a reproach ; a pMung word. 

Saw, an ancient savine; a sentence. 

dl^HOSu are auchaugeable, oat mozuu nuiy TBry ; tha aphonmu of H^-. 
pocrales ; the t^ophllitgtit of Plutarch ; the lauiitgi <it Dr. Johnson ; a 
" ' ' ' ' a i^-iRinJ among otbirs by 

BABBLE, [b^nller, F.] to talk thoughtiesaly or irradoually ; to 
tell secret*. 
Chatter, [heettrrm, Du.] to taUt idly, rapidly, or carelessly. 
Chat, to talk in a familiar manner. 
PBATTLB, Ipraaten, DuJ to talk or chat aa children do. 
Prate, to talk mui^ to uttle purpose. 

FoiAali mea babble 1 rally women clUUar ; to cjtot may be hannleu ; ehil- 
inafratlUi too]aprate. 

BACK, [bac, S.] to a former place or condition. 
Backward, toward the back. 
Bbhind, [deAtndan, B.] in the rear; on the other side of. 

Stand back,- go battmardi go ttUndthe screen. 

BAD, {bad, S.] physically or morally evil; hurtAil; depraved. 
Wicked, [wican, to sUde, S.] ungodly ; practically bad. 
Evil, {efel, S.] corrupt; sinnd; departing &om the divine taw 

Company, {corapag 
Cebw, [crud, 8.1 a. 
Gang, \gang, S.] a 
A band af miuiiJEUis, r 

il indinatioDS ; viie dupoutkHU. 

BADLY, not well ; imperfectly ; uoBkiUully. 
li.L,Ulla, Sw.lcontrsiy tonetl; not rightly. 

Badly ioue ; ill-dUiKMed. 

BAND, [banda, S.]aiiumberof men joined togetberfor some com* 
mon purpose. 
Company, {corapagnu, F.] an Bsaembly of people. 
" '' ~ a. nmnber of perBons uaociated. 

__ a numbeT gomg in company. 
i, rohben, &c. ; a tompany of iSayera; a ship's creu; 
a gang of pickpockets. 

BAND, [beruk, Du.] a fillet ; a cord ; a nairow ligemeat by which 
anything is bound. 

Chain, [chaine, FJ a series of metal ringa connected together. 

Fbttebs, [jfirfor, S.] diains for the feet. 

Manacles, [monss, L. hand,] hand-cufl^. 

SuACKLES, [aceacul, S.] chains for the legs. 

Gyvbb, [ jecyn, W.] cbaina for the limbs m general. 

Figuntiiel;, banda at lore { a chain at oeats ; fittcri of sjsteme ; debta 
Bie ihaetla. 

BANE, [baaa, S. a murderer,] poison of a deadly qmdity ; fatal 
csuBC of injury. 
Pest, \jiestig, L.l anything noxious in a high d»ree. 
Ruin, [ruiita, fall, L.j decay ; destruction ; overthrow. 
These three tenas signify poisoa, plague, aad destraclion. 
Gamlog is a bant i eycophuits ar« a pett ,- dnmkemiess leads to ruin. 

BANISH, [Aonntr, F.] to compel to leave the country by authority 
of the sovereign. 

Exile, [atiler, fJ to force to leave one's home or native place. 

Expel, [expeUt), L.] to drive out ; to exclude. 

The RnssiBBs banish cmniaala to Siberia ; txHt from home ; txptiisioa from 
school. Banith feu ; trpel envj. 

BARE, [bar, S.] without covering ; open to view. 
Naked, [natod, S.] destitute of clothing. - 
Uncovered, deprived; divested; stripped. 
The bare ground ; naitd fields. 

Than stand uHcocmd to the vulgar groom. — {Shabpere.) 

BARE, poor; without plen^; indigent. 

Scanty, [ikaaner, to spare, D.] narrow; sparing; insufficient; 

small in quantity. 
Destitute, [destitultis, L.] in want of; needy. 

A tan sabsiBtence ; a tcanty supply ; dtilittUt of comfort. 
BAB£, plain ; simple ; unadorned. 

r this only; such and nothiog else; 

BASE, [6a$,F.] dishonorable; nicked. ' 

Vile, £i>iJu, L.] morally worthless ; despicable. 
Mean, [m«n«, SJ contemptible ; nanti^ d^nity. 
Ban ingntitiide ; Bue flattery ; ■won eampliauco. 

BATTLE, [balailk, F/j a hostile encounter between tno srmies. 
Combat, [eombat, F.] a fighting ; a contest hy force. 
ENOAaENBNT,[«n7(i9er,tofight,F.]theconflict of annies or fleets. 
Fight, [feahttm, to strive, S.J combat ; a struggle for rictory. 
A geaatiballle I an nneipectcd ratnbati be died dufj^ the tusagtmal. 
" Uetlliu in Oagie Jighl I titw." 

. BE, Ibttm, S.] to be fixed; to be made. 
Exist, [ensJo, L.^ to luve a real state. 
Subsist, {jmbsUto, L.] to remain in the present state. 
To tela liJ^; to exitt ia reality, not ImsginsTT ; tonbnif, itiU to eontinoe. 
'^ Firm we subsist, bat pos^ble to swcnt." — {IdiUon.) 

BE, to have a being or existence. 

Bbcohb, [beaanan, S.] to enter into some state or condition. 
Gbow, [yroBJOM, S.] to increase'; to adTance; to improve. 

" To 6e or not to ie ^ That Is the qnestioa." 
Yoatb ■hould eodeBTor to troie la wtBdom and virtne, tbat tbe; may be- 

BEAM, \beant, S.J a collection of parallel rays of light. 

Rav, [radius, L.] a particle of light emitted trom some Inmiuous 

Beami of the snn ; rayi of light. 

PlcaaiDg, yet cold, like Cyntbla's silver btam. — {Diyden.) 

Ttiese eyes tbat roll in valui 

To And thy piening ray, and And no dawn. — {MOlon.) 

BEAB, [Aaron, S.] to carry ; to bring forth ; to give birth to. 

YiBLD, [gieldan, S.] to give inrct^im forUjor ; to produce. 

*"'"'«'' biar their young ; tne earth yielda its increase ; trees bear fruit ; 
flowers yield seed. 

BEAR, to unde^D pain, &c. without resisting or sinking. ' 
Endure, ^dvnts, bard, L.] to undergo witii patience, without 

SuFFBB, [gaffero, L.] to feel pain, inconvenience, sickness, or 

SUPPOHT, [sufiporCo, L.] to endiure anything painfiil without 

We should eadeayor to bear and endiirt the evila «e are called to nUfer 
TTth the fortitude of men and Christians ; ne must call Id religioa to our aid, 
which will enable as to lufport onnelvea under all these aecumulated evils. 


50 BBAfi — BSLIKF. 

BEAR, to hold up or rapport aa a weight. 
Carry, [coHow, to ang, W.] to suatain 

place to aoother. 
Convey, [coiweho, h-l to cany or Mud ii 
Transport, [inauporto, L.] to removt 


Bear the burden, and tarry it any, to be nmtxjwil Id b auriage, oc irmU' 
porled ID a ship, to tta ultiioate destiiiBtiaD. 

BEAT, [heatan, S.] to knocli repeatedly ; to ave hlow«. 
Strike, [astrikan, S.] to give a bloir ; to tut with force. 
Hit, [hitter, D.] to strike ; to touch, with or without force. 
To itrikt Is to ^Tc a singte stroke ; to btai is to ^ta many. 

BEAL'TIFUI, [beau, F.l aymmetrica] j pleasing to the eye ; having 
the qu^itiea which constitute beauty. 

FiNB, [jfn, FJ nice; showy; excellent. 

IIandsuue, ^handzaam, Ihi.l well-made ; moderately beautiful. 

Pbetty, [prate, adorned, S.J having diminutive beauty ; pleas- 
ing without dignity. 

A tfoufj)^! noman ; a ^ac drawing ; a /umdtome house; tprttty cottage. 

BECOMING, [ctoMuin, to please, to meet, to suit, S.] that pleasea 

Fit, [ctHcti.FI.] meet, proper; convenient. 
Suitable, \siiyt, N.] agreeable; matching; according with. 
Comely, \_aBematt, S.] well-proportioned, synmietncal. 
Oracbful, [gratia, grace, LJ elegantin insnner, person, or de- 
A bfcomiiu; dress or maiiner ; a dtemt omameDt ; fit lot the season ; niit- 
able furniture ; a eomely figure ; a grateful atUtode. 

BEGIN, \begvaaan, S.] to take the first step. 
CoUMENCE, [crnitntencer, F.] to do the first a^ of any thing. 
Enter upon, [in/ro, L.] toengage in, to begu an employment. 
Begin tlie work ; conanaici XSk open^on ; nter upon aa officx. 

BEHOLD, [heheaUan, S.] to observe with attention. 

Look, Uocian, 8.] to direct the eye towards. 

View, \ymr, to see, F.] to esamine with the eye ; to inspect. 

See, [seoB, S.] to perceive ivith the eyes. 

" Brhold the Lamb of God ;" Unk at a distaat ol^ect ; ««o with exact- 
ness ; see distinctly. 

BELIEF, \_geUaf, S.] persuasion o" 

Credit, [credititm, L.] behef ii 

n the integrit]', friendibip, &c. 

Jn a religknis seDse, we have biS^ia God, and credit in tbe IMvlne testi- 
mony ; th«9e ere porticnlw Idem or aetlona, bat tnal aad faifk are pentm- 
Dent djapogitioDs oTthe mind, and lead to all holinew and consolatioa. 
BENEDICTI6N, Ibenedictw, L.] a aolemn invocation of banpineM. 

Blesbing, [blelsung, S.] that which promotes temporal or im- 
morUl happiness. 

The benidiclum of tbe priest ; the bleaing of God. 
BENEFACTION, {ben facto, L.] a benefit conferred. 

Donation, [donura, L.] a grant ; a&ee ffii^i anything bestowed. 

Ben^actiong to liie poor ; amations for the puDtic service. 
BENEFICENT, [benefiaa, L.] doing good; perfbiming acts of 

BovNTiFVL, or BouNTBOus, [bonut.good, L.] disposed to give 

Munificent, [mtmifiau, h, ] confening freely and from gene- 
rous motives. 
Gbnbrovs, QrnMronu, L.] liberal in diapenmng favors; noble> 


Liberal, [Hberalis, L.] giving largely. 

God is benefictnt and Aounf i^^in providing for hi 

_ or bis creature). A miat^letiil 
govBTuor i a gmeroas friend ; a libiral pfttron ; muaifitait to bestow ; yflit. 

BENEFIT, Ibenejicium, L.] an act of kindness. 
Favor, [favor, L.] a kind act or office. 
KiNDNues, [cun, kind, W.] benignity of nature; a disposition 

to promote the happiness of others. 
Civility, [cipilitat, L.] politeness, complaisance ; refinement 

of manners; decorum. 
Confer 6cne;Sf9 on dependants : let/acori be properly bestoned; ehowttad. 
Rcsi lo tlieuds, civilities to all men. 

BENEVOLENCE, [baievoientia, h."] that love which disposes a 
man to contribute towards the happiness of his fellow crea- 

Beneficence, [i«ne/icmf in, L.] the practice of doing good to 

Bbmgnitv, [beaignitas, L.] goodness of heart; courtesy; 

sweetness of disposition. 
Humanity, [hamanitas, L.] the kind feelings, Sic. by whicli 

man is distinguished from the inferior animals. 
Kindness, good-will ; benevolence; active love. 
Tendbrness, [teaeritas, L.] softness; susceptibility of heart. 
Benevolence ia the desire of doing good ; bta^rtnce Is actnal goodness ; the 
great ehould manifest a condescending benignly : humaJdIy extends to all 
mankind : kindness to fliends and relations ; Uaaerness to children, &e. 



Bent, [bendan, to bead, S.] inclined from a atnigbt diieetion. 
CUHVBD, [ourvtif, L.] bent bo as to form part mi. axtik. 
Cbookbd, [kroget, D.] bowed; not stniight. 
Awry, [trim, twisted, D.]aot inastraiKBt direction; obliquely. 
Any thing la beitt tliat is not ib^ht ; a eurvtS line ; a erooitd nick ; jou 

BENT, diapoaitioni application of the mind. 

Bias, [biais, a slope, F.^ propensity towardg an oDJsct or course. 

Inclination, [mcHjuttio, LJ natural disposition or desire, 

pRBPOSsaasiON, preoccupation of mind; preconceived opinion. 

Beni of the will ; bias of judgem^iLt ; good incUiuMaju will lead ne to hare 
a preposaeisioa in fsTOr of (irtue. 

BESIDES, [freandntfc, S.lmore than tli&ti over and above ; not 
included in the number. 
MoHBOVER, beyond what has been mentioned. 
He la learned ; bradfa which he u good ; moreomr lie is very [nous. Then 

BEWAIL, [Ae and uiaIian,S.] to weep aloud; to eipreas deep sorrow. 
Bbmoan, [bemanan, S.l to make moaning; to express grief. 
Lambnt, [lamaitor, L.J to mourn; to gneve; to deplore. 
She hoDoited the Loaa of her only child ; tiie wretch 6cmoaiu hia fate ; we 
taitnl oar Infirmity. 

6lD, [beodaa, S.} to command ; to invite. 
Ohi ■ •■ ■• ' ■■ ■ 

Largb, [Itirgua, LT 

Great, \_grait, S.Jlsrge in dimeusiont, in uun^ber. 

Big in bulk ; targt in dtent ; a grtal multitude. 

BIND, [bindan, S.] to make firm ; to confine. 
Tib, uigan, S.] to &sten with a cord. 
£ind his hauda ; lie him to a stake. 

BIND, to oblim by stipulation, promise, or du^. 
Obliqb, [obligo, L.] to constrain by moral, physical, or legal 

Engaob, {engager. P.] to unite and bind by any appointment 

obtigei honor, prindple, engage. 

BISHOPRIC, [bucop, and ric, jurisdiction, S.] the province and 
spiritual charge of a bishop. 
DiocESB, [dia, and oikeo, to dwell, Gr.] the dhniit or extent of 

a bishop's jurisdiction. 
Bishopric relates to the person who offldales ; liioeMe relates to his charge. 



BLAMELESS, [6Un«r, F.} guUtleu ; oot meriting ceonire. 

Irriproachablk, [irrqn-oachalile, ¥.] that caimot be reproach- 
ed or dialled with any &ult. 
Unblbuished, &ee from tuipitudej free from reproach. 
Unspotted, immaculate ; not tainted with guilt. 
Spotless, ^thout spot ; innocent i free from impurity. 

One man's chancta la merely Uamcleti,- anotbet'i It qnlte frrtproiidkaUc.- 
aHblemitlui repatttioa ; " umpellfd from the irorld ;" tpotlat purity. 

BLEMISH, [bUme, pale. P.] anything which dimiuiahei beauty, or 
renders impenect. 

Stain, {j/gtaen, W.] taint; discoloration. 

Spot, lipat, I>u.] a mark or stain on the character. 

SpacK,lniecca, S.J a small spot, or colored mark. 

Fla'tc, {fiaw, a sphuter, W.] a crack ; a breach. 

BltuiahesOi color and proportloa ; spdled irith iloiiu ,• diiftgiired with 
tpili, ^Kcla, aad Jlmu. The blemiiha and Ana Duut be rectified ; the 
state! robbed out; t]ie ipol) and Jp«t> eareAiUj remored. 

BLEMISH, a mark of deformity. 

DsFECT, [defectut, L.I hiling, imperfection, want. 

Fault, [faulte, 0. F.I an error; a mistake. 

This ii a bad ttme-piece, there is a blemiih in the exterior appearance, s 
itfat in the iatcmal part, and tfaalt in the caatiiTaiice. 

BLIGHTED, [blaetha, leprosy, S.] to be blasted ; to be diseased, 
speddng of vegetables. 
Wither, [mnzom, W.l to shrink ; t« dry up. 

B, [faae, insu>id, FT] to perisb graduuly. 
, [dEoduia, S.Jto lose life; to perisb; to cf 

BLOCKHEAD, {^fociaodieiid,]aman deeeient in understanding. 

Dolt, [dol, dull, S.] a beary stupid fellow. 

Dupe, \dtme. P.] a person eamly led astray through credulity. 

Gull, [hdlea, to cheat, Du.] one easily tricked or defhtuded. 
A. blockltaid at learning ; a dolt In compsny ; ditped by a swindler ; gulltd 
bj a qoaek. 

BLOT OUT, Iplelter, D.] to obliterate writing so as to render tbe 

characters undistdn^iiisbable. 
Expunge, [expanffo, LT] to wipe out. 
Erase, [erado, to scrape, L.] to scratch out. 
Efface, ^effacer, F.] to rub off; to render illegihle. 
Cancel, [cancello, L.I to cross the lines of a writing ; to annul. 
Obliterate, [pbUtero, L.] to effiice from tbe memory ; to 

destroy by time or other means. 

Blot out lettcas ; exptmgt the contenti ; iron the lines ; ^att the inaerlp- 
tioQS ; eaual the pagn ; obUerate the whole. 

BLOW, Ibhme, B.j the act of striking; a knock. 


BODY, {bodig, stature, S.] the material subitwice of aa Bnimal. 
Corpse, [corpus, L-] a dead body. 
Cabcase, [carcoMe.F. ; caro casiavita, i.e. flesh without life, L.] 

the dead body of an h h j thM . 
Bodia of nun or beasta ; corftt qiplied onl; to hanuii bdnge i carcaii to 

BOG, [bog, soft, Ir."] a quagmire covered with grau or other vege- 

Marsh, \merae, S.I a tract of low land overflowed with water. 

Swamp, [jwam, a nmgus, S.] wet spongy ground. 

Fen, [/«nn, S.] land partially or wholly covered with water, and 
producii^ coane grasses and aquatic plants. 

Moor, [mor, a pool, S.] ground covered with stagnant water ; 
also land overrun with heath. 

A 607 is too soft to bear man or beast ; a marih la tesB soft, bot very wet ; 
a stsamp Is capable of bearing tbe veight of animals, and may BOmetunea be 


i confident. 
o terrijfy, S.] free from fear. 
I, L.] resolute ; not trembling or shhuldug . 
from d^ger. 
Undaitntbd, [daatur, to &int, D.] not to be diibeartened or 

Darino, adventurous, audacious, defying. 
Strenuous, latrenuan, L,] brave, active, valiant, lealous. 
Bold in coofideDce i /earless otmagcri intrepid step \ wtdam/fd resohitiaa, 
A belli maintainer of bta rlgfaU ; bold u a lion ; a bold defeace ; a •]■»«$ 
exploit; B«frs»c«u attempt ; a f ^rnuwiu sopporter. 

BOOK, [60c, S.] a particular part of a work. 

VOLUMB, [voiumen, L.] a collection of sheets of printed paper 

boimd together. 
The third book of HooMr's Iliad la contained in the first voIiiiik of the woik. 

BOOTY, OmtiB, F.] pillage, plunder. 

Spoil, [apolitim, L.] tluit which is taken fr«m others by force. 
Prbv, lpra<ia, L.] that which is taken by violence, cnft, or in- 

The soldier's boolg ; the combatant'! 90U .- the animal's prt]/. 

BOBDER, [bord, F.\ the outer edge of an^ thing. 

EnoB, [ecg, S.J sharp border; tSin cutting extremity of an in- 
Riw, Brim, [rtntu, brpam, S.] the circular edge of any tlung. 


Brink, [Wai, D.] the margin of a steep place. 
Maboin, [margo, L.l the eitreme edge ot border. 
Vbbgb, [rergo, L.] theextreiae end; the utmoat limit. 
Border ol s cap ; tigt of B knUe ; rim of a vessel ; brim of a cup ; l/Hnk 
of a rhtr; marjrin of the sea, book, &e. ; the ntmostBcrjK of l!f«. 

F.] the BMKhes or uhnost vergt of any 

Confine, [cot^ait, L.] conunon bonndary or limit. 
Precinct, [jiriECincftti, L.l theesteriot line encompasBingaplace. 
Borden of Scotland ; ioiuiiIan« of a tUIb^, or aa; Pl*cc ; fioiUitri of 
OcnnaiiT, &c. ; emftittt betweea the German statea. "Pncintla of light." 


BOUNDLESS, not capable of beii^ confined oi teminated. 

Unbounded, unreatnuued ; havm^ no check. 

Infinite, {i^nitus, L.] having neither beginnii^ nor end. 

1TNLitiiTEi>,[Ii>n«t, limit, L.] not limited; undemicd. 

Botaiditn ocean ; boundlai qiace ; anbmrndtd desires ; mlimHed power ; 
God alone is infinile. 

BOUNDS, farthest point of extension; Hmits of indulgence. 
Boundaries, visible marki pointii^ out tbc limits. 
LiMiTfl, utmost extent ; that which terminatea tnjthiiig. 
Confines, borders; exterior part. 

The schoolboy's bound* : bmadaria of the parish ; Kmitt <rf ■ kiogdon ; 
RM/iiut c€tfae gisve. 

BOUNTY, [bonitiu, L.] mimiAcence ; liberality in bestowing gilts 
or fovors. 
Obnbbositt, {genrrontas, L.] magnammity i liberali^ in prin- 

Liberality, {^eraUtas, L.] generous pro&iion; largeness of 

Bomfv la acta of giving ; ;n«rofiJy In Kls otgieatness ; ttbcnilify in can. 
did senunent. 

BRAVE, Ibraoe, F.] bold ; fesrlen of daneer. 

Gallant, [safenf, F.l high-spirited; heroic; noble. 

A brace soldier ; a ^tonf heio. The gaUmt Nelson, and his irart tars. 

BRAVE, to encounter with courage and fortitude. 
Defy, [defier, F.] to call in question the courage of another ; to 

provoke to sttife. 
Dabe, {dtarrica, S.J to provoke ; to call to combat. 
Cuallbkob, \challmger, N.] to invite to a trial or contest. 
Bract the ocean ; dan Vk enemT ; i^ his threats ; give him a formal 



BREACH, [breche. P.] a ru)>ture ; a Beparation bettreeii Mends. 

Bbbak, [briscan, to break, S.] an opening made bv force. 

Gap, [^eapati, to aplit, S,] b ^feot ; a flan ; a voia «pace. 

Chasu, [chasma, Gr.1 acleft; a fissure. 

Breach In a wall ; a breach of frieadahip ; a breai in printing ; a gap In a 
fence ; thain left bj the eaithqnake. 

BREAK, to divide by force. 
RsND, [rendcm, S.] to tepaatte with sudden violence. 
Tear, [tteraa, S.] to pull to pieces. 

XiACBRATB, [JOMTO, L.] to tCBT off !» HDall picCeS. 

Rip, [/ypP^"' S-] .to separate bv cutting. 

Bitak bread ; lightning rfltdi an oak ; to tear Is to separate the teztme ; 
to rip is to open a Mam ; to laarate the heart. 

BREAK, to destroy with violence. 

Bruihe, Ibrysan, S.] to injure by a blovr. 

SaUEBZB, [ctBt/aan, S.] to press between two bodies. 

Pound, {punian, S.] to piuverixe by beating or pieasiDg widi a 

heavy inHtniment. 

Crush, (icraser, F.] to press with violence. 

£mi^ a stick, glass ) bniitt ^ver; bniie the flesh; laaeat an oiann; 
pound in a mortar ; crushed to powder. Crvshy fignr&uvely, hnplles da.* 
(traction. OiuA rebellion. 

BREAK, to divide ; to breaJc by dasliing against anything. 
BuHBT, burataa, &1 to break sudden^ by internal force. 
Crack, [cracken, Du.] to break without an entire severance of 

the parts. 
Split, [gplitlen, Bu.] to tear asunder by violence; to separate 

ThcBooda break i Irebreakt; th< bomb bird ,- the baOer buraf ; theesitb 
eracts ; glass eracti ,• rocks iplit. 

BREED, [bradan, to spread, S.] progeny, ofispring. 

Race, [radix, a root, L.^ a series (S descendants from one stock. 

Gbnbbation, Itineration, F.] a single succession in natural 
descent ; the people of the same period. 

Brttd of animals, sheep ; the hnman ran .• ran of Adam ; race of the 
Stouts ; this gentratum, the last generation, " O MtMess and perverse 
geiuration."—{SI. Lute.) 

BREED, to generate ; to produce. 
Enobndbr, [mgendrer, F.] to bring forth. 

To breed, Is slowly and gradttallj to bring into existence ; to fliaendir, to 
produce immediately. Qnarrels breed hatr«l ; angry words engender strife. 
BREEZE, [irezEa, It.] a light wind. 

Oalb, ^tU, furious, D.J a wind not tempestuous, yet stronger 

than a breeze. 
Blast, [blast, S.] a violent or deitmctive wind. 
Odbt, [^ouf, D.] a-Budden violent blast; a sudden squall. 



Stobm, [jiorm, 8.] a lioient ?imd bccoi 
Tempest, [ten^ettas, L.] the utmost vi 

attended mtb run, tnow, or hail. 
HuHRicANH, [SBroean, Sp.] a ftirioas rtorm of wind. 
A gentle ireese i a brisk yab ; an ImpBtnou biatt ; a mdden gtal ,• a 
ing itorm : a homing temptst ; a sweeping hurricant. 
" Fmh galeiaodgcDtk air." 
Three ships wen hanied by the sontbem blati, 
And on the secret ibelrei with huj cast. — (firfil.) 
Ihen stay, my uhild I tfaniw beat and rolls tlie main, 
Ob, beat those tfoms aodndl the seas in nin ]—{Popi.) 
What at Gnt was called a 
Hntta now a 

So, where ODT wide Nnmldian waste* extend, r 

. Sudden th' impetucnu hurrieana descend. 
Wheel throngb the air, la drellng eddies play. 
Tear up the sands, ind sweep whole plains awt.J.-~iAdJitv>t.) 

BRIGHTNESS, [biyhl, clear, S.] the quality of being luminous, 
or shining. 

LuaTRE, llmtre, F.] brightness; gloss. 

Splendor, [tplendor, L,] great bHfdituess. 

BRibLiANcv, [brUler, to s^ikle, IV] dazzling brightneu, 

BrighHuD of the moon ; hatn of the Stan ; Isilrt of aUk { ^Unior of 
light; bnffiancy of diamonds. 

BRING, {bringan, S.] to convey from a distant to a neuer place. 

Fetch, [feccan, S.] to go and bring. 

Carry, [cur, a wagon, W.] to sustam and move anything. 
A master aeads his servant ta/eich a parcel, which haviDg rec^Ted, he 
corriu in his haad, andtbns bringi it home to his master. 

BROAD, {brad, S.] vUt; extended from nde to ude. 

L'AROE, [iarjtu, L.] extenslTe; of great size. 

Wide, [wide, S.] miving a great extent between the sides. 

Broad doth, path, brim ; the broad expanse of ocean ; largt house, town, 
&c. ; tuide entrance, mouth, road, &e. 

BROOK, [broc, S.] a small natural current flowing from a spring. 
Rivulet, [HpnJiu, L.] a small river. 

Stream, [stream, S.] a continuous current of water, tur, &c 
Bmojt by aliedge^de; rmilef betwoenbanks. "By tinmtaln orbysliBdy 

r««Iet."— (JUUloH.) Thetfreamoflifi}. 

BUILD, [buldm, to confirm, S.] to frame a fabric or an edifice. 
Erect, [erigo, L.] to raise ; to set up. 

Construct, [cotutmo, L.] to put together the parts of a thing 
in theur proper place and onler. 

Build a house ; erect a palaee ; ertel a kingdom ; eoHtlTMtt a vessel. 
BULKY, [balciaw, to anell, W.] of great stature or dimensions. 
Massy, or Massive, [massif, F.] heavy, weighty, ponderous. 
A butk^ veaaet ; a sway shield ; mauitre gold. 


BURDEN, Ibi/rthm, S.] that which ia bome or carried. 

Load, [htad, S,] a l^e qoautit^ ; an eucumbnuice. 

Wbioht, [mag, s balAce, S.] a certaiii quintit; asceilauied \>j 
the balance. 

Borden oa the shmdder ; ■ heavy load ,- an opprculTB tcngM. — Bear a 
bardtn t carry a load ; taut let the iceigM be suitable to your stieii^ 

BURIAL, ibyrigean, S.] the act of depositing a dead body in the 
earth or the watei. 
Intbrhbnt, Urtttrment, F.l the actofbuiTinKadeceasedperBon. 

Sepulture, {semtltura, L.j mtenuent, bimal. 

AuriaJ in a grave ; tntermeid inaTBott; '*the rites ot Sfpnttvrt." — Bwy 
in abllvioB. 

BUSINESS, \by$eg, S.] that which a man does in order to procure 
a living or ohtain wealth. 
OccDPATioN, {pccupatw, L.] that ^lich engages the lime and 

Employment, that which engages the head or hands. 

Engaobubnt, [engagement, F.Temploymeut of the attention. 

Avocation, [avoeatio, L.l the bumnesa that calls. 

Let the trailesmaa attend to hu bujutfu, the mechuuc to hia ofn^ufuM, 
the laborer to his emptoymmti shun idle enj/agemtnta, but attend to the 
common avotatiOTa of life. 

BUSINESS, the act of buTing and selling for money. 
Tkadg, \tracto, to handle, L.] commerce ; traffic. 
Profession, [prq^eMto, L.] calling, vocation, any occupatioD 

fsniUM of a linen-draper ; tradt of 


Oppice, [fdjianm, L.^ a chai^ undertaken by authority llram 

government; particular employment. 
Duty, [d&, due, F.] that to which a man is bound by any obli- 

BUSTLE, hurry; rapid motion ■ 
Tumult, [tumaitus, L.] a vio 

great noise. 

Uproar, [qproer, to stir, Du.] distorhance ; confnaion ; clamor. 
A tnaUe iu a street ; a lumutt at aa electioD ; an uproar nmong druukarda. 

BUTTRESS, [bouloir, F.l an abutment or wail buUt arch-wise. 
Prop, Iproppe, Du.] that on which anything rests. 
Support, [import, F.] that which sustains an incumbent weight. 

Buitrei), to fortjly ; frop, to strengthen ; support, to prevent foUing. 


BUY— CALL. 69 

BUY, [bigani S.] to acquire by pwing a price. 
PuRCHABB, [jiotirciaMer.toseekeBgeilf, F.] to obtain any thmg 

by paying aa equivalent iu money. 
Bargain, [bargu^ner, to baggie, JP.] to make a contnetfortbe 

■ale of any thing. 
Chbapbn, [ceopian, to negotiate, S.] to attempt to purcbasei 

to bid ^r any tluDg. 
Bag necnuries ; purcAow luniin | batfaia fbi an utate ; eJlaipn tlw 

jnice of pnjvuioBJ. 

CALAMITY, Tcakuiita*, L.] eanae of miaeiy or diitreu. 

DiBASTBB, [(fMOtfrr, F.] an unfOTtimate event; a sudden injury. 
MiSFOBTUNB, [fnti Mid/orttMe,]ao evil accident. 
MiscHANCB, [dim and ekanee,'] m chuice; trifling miafortune. 
HisuAP, [niM and iop,] ill luck; alight accident. 

ili^t mucAinee,' a triilal mithi^. — It ii a calamiiy to be diagnccd and 
muwd ; a mi^fMuiK to low one's friend ; a djtatter to be vnanded ; a nu- 
Aq> to h^ or tear one's dress. 

CALCULATE, Icaiculo, L.] to ascertain a renilt by arithmetical 
or mathematical operation. 
CoupVTB, [comnito, to throw tc^etber, L.] to estimate by known 

or supposed data. 
RxcKON, [recon, to tell, S.] to cast up ; to ascertain an amount. 
Count, [cotnpfer, F.] to number. 

The asbnnomer taladaM ; the chioiudogiat ' tomftUa ; the aeeountant 
nekoia ; CMmt the minutes. 

CALENDAR, [coJauJe, the tint day ofeach month, L.] a regiiter 

of the year, with die festivals and holidays observed by the 

Almanac, \almanach, a roister, Ar.] a calendar showing the 

times of the rising andsetting of the sun andmooB, eclipses, 

tides, &c. 
Ephbmbbib, ^epAenKrii, Gr.] a joomal; an accouBt of the 

daily position of the planets. 
The Chordi talendar ; an annnal hIbuuuk ; nautieBl ipliemtrii. 

CALL, [kaleo, Gr.] to summon by name. 

Bi D. [biddan, S.] to desire ; to ask ; to command. 

Summon, [tuAnuoieo, L.] to admonish to appear ; to cite by au> 

Invitb, [intnfo, L.] to ask to anyentertainment; to request the 

company of a person. 
Coll (ot a pcTBon ; Mdhim to eome ; nmma» him to attend ; tnnfe bim to 



CALL, to utter with a bud voice. 

Cry, [crier, F.] to ntter a loud sound in distren. 
Exclaim, [exclamo, L.] to utter with Tehemencej to nuke 

Coll for Badstance ; ay for help ; ezclaiiR with lorpilse. 

CALL, to denoiaiaiit« or give t, tume to. 

Namb, fnamon, S.] to nve a name to, or roeution by name. 

Heiumnf theman; h« callnl him b; his n<UM. There wai a Idng 
Judea namid Herod, who vat improperly rolled Great. 

CALM, [calme, F.l quiet, tranauil; not Btonuf ; not agitated. 
Placid, {placidiu, L,] gentle; mild; peaceful. 
Serknk, [serentts, L.] clear, fiiir, unruffled. 

Caim wealhCT ( calm kbu ; placid tem ' " 

" Hie mooa, latnt in glory. 

CALM, unruffled, undisturbed. 

CoHPOSBD, [compositus, L.] serious, even, «edate. 
Collected, [coUigo, to gather, L.] not diacoucerted ; cool; 

Cobn feelmge ; compoitd thought! ; coUecttd in tiiaea of danger. 

CAN, [rannoB, S.l to be able. 
May, [magan, S.] to be possible. 

Can, implies power, knowledge, eiperience, or skill ; moji, liberty and pro- 

CANDID, [Candidas, white, L.] fair ; impartiai. 

Open, [opm, S.] apparent, evident; unreserved. 

SutcEBE, [sincertts, -L.] honest, uncormpti pure in heart. 

Fbank, [/ranc, F.] using no di^uise; artless. 

Ingenuous, [ingetatus, open, LTj generous, noble, without dia- 

Freb, [freoh, S.l unrestrained. 

Plain, [piano;, L.] honestly rough; not soft in language; simple. 

Candid intentlou, statement ; cpm temper ; linceri fiieadahip ; fraai maa- 
ner ; ingemima answer ; free canversatiDn ; plain dealing ; pkm tenUB. 

CANNOT, am unable. 

Ihpobsiblb, [iti^OMibilis, L.] impracticable ; contrary to the 

law of nature. 
I cannot do it ; though it Is not impoitiblt to be done. 

CAPACITY, [capaeitas.L.'] passive or active power; power; ability. 

Capaciousness, the power of holding ; comprehensiveness. 

The tapadtg of a stateBinan ; eapacitg id uiai ; the cajiaaonsnat of a 
room, of a vessel, of a bay. * 

CAPTIOUS, [copfo, to catch, L.] given to cavil ; eager to object. 
Cross, ill-humored ; perverse. 


C A PT VKK — C ABR r 11 L . 

PiEviBH, [pete, to matter, Sc] euily offtoded, irritable, •oop 

uigiy, hird to pleaie. 
" '. [_frettan, to gamt, S.]ajigry; compUiuing ; in a state 

Pbtdi^nt, [pftulant, L.l laucy ; pettish j ftetldsh ia p«srion. 

CapHoiaHipoatian; cnta\ook ; paviih diad; petulant rtaxck; fitff^l 

CAPTURE, [capfurt, F.] the thing taken ; the act of taking by 
force or atratagem. 

Sbizvbe, [&om inzej the act of taking poMeuion by force. 

Prizb, [pm, taken, F.] something taken by adventUTe ; a valu- 
able acquiaitioD. 

Capture olTioj; Hiinre of property i aiichpritv. 

CARE, [cor, S.] conceni; trouble of mind. 

SoLiciTUSB, [toUcitudo, L.] carefiilDeu ;' uneaiinew. 
Anxiety, [anxietat, L.] perplexity; painftil uncertainty. 

Core, respceta the past, pnaent, and htnre ; niuilMde and aiaielg, the 
preseat and future. 

CAKE, concern, heed, attention. 

Concern, [concenxr, torelateto, F.] paanon, affection, intereat. 
Regard,. [regard, F.] attention as to matter of importance. 
Heed, [heilati, S,] notice; ciicumspection ; watch for danger. 
Attention, [attention, F.] the ait of bending the mind upon 

Care, natcbful regard; heed, with a 

Charge, [charffe, F.]itmit, custody. 

Management, [nauifftwunt. P.} conduct, adminiatn&m. 

Gre ei the flock ; thargt ^ jimth ; imnafTAnAit of buaioeis. 

CARE, a looking to; heed with a view to safety. 

Ca«tion, [cautio, L.] foreiui;ht, provident care, wariness. 
DiacKETiON, [dUcretia, L.J knowledge to direct or govern ; 

skill ; wise management. 
Prudence, [pmdenlia, L.] wisdom f4)plied to practice, with 

caution and reserve. 
Wisdom, [viisdom, S.] the right use of knowledge ; the exercise 

of sound judgement. 
Care cooslsts Ln av^dlog danger ; catUion, in a eanfol attentioa ta the 
probable resnlt of a mea " — ^- ■-' — .—..^ 

the goveraauDt of others ; pntdtBee is 
toresediig and aToidioK evil ; icinbin In devising aod eieentii^ 

good. *' I wisdom dwell with pru£ttC(-"^^(ProT. 

CAREFUL, watchful, giving good heed. 


Cautiodb, [cavhtt, L.] wsiy> ciKtuuBpect. 

Pbovidrnt, [jH-ocifJou, LJ forecaitmgj foreseeing nukts nith 

a view to supply them. 
Attentive, [atteativta, L.] diligent, heukening to, observant. 

Careful to pieient miatakea ; taatima agaliuit danger i cautima in examin- 
ing probable effects ; pnHMnt in prepaitag for fotut Qogenca ; attentiat 
to atndy, boKnesa; on attatticear- 

CARESS, [curesMT, P.] to embrace with tender affection. 

FoNDbB, [fone, to toy, Sc] to treat witb excegaive indulgence 

or tendemeaa. 
To careu is proper ; tafamlk, tboHalk. 

OARNAGE, leamage. P.] the effect of daughter; havoc. 
Slauqhtkr, [(Ja^e.SrJBTeatdeatraction of life by violent mean*. 
Massacre, [m(U«arre,F.Junlawiutandindiacrimiiiatede>rtructiott. 
B\iTCHtaY,[lmucheT, to thnut, F.] murder committed with un- 
umul buharity. 

Id the mort horrid btUeitry. 

CARRIAGE, behavior ; deportment. 
Gait, l^gat, Du.] manner of atepping. 
Walk, [wealcan, to move, S.] manner of moving. 

CoaiposiM carriage ; UTdcaafnf; grBcefnl uutt. 

CASE, [conu, L.] a matter of fact. 

Cauhb, [caiuo, L.1amatt« " 
State the com ; defend the eautt 

Occasion, [oeciuio, a falling, L.] opportunity; favorable aeasan, 
OccuBRKNCB, [occmTo, to mc^t, L.J inradent ; accidental event. 
A poaribk caii ; an Bcodental cimmilanci ; a critical caa/tmctim ; a tacky 

CAST, Ikaaler, D.] to drive from bj force. 
Throw, [thratcan, S.] to fling; to aend to a distant place 1^ 

anyjprojectile force. 
HvBL, [Aarittd, Arm.] to throw witb violence; to drive impe- 

Cast off; fAriRo Bway; the monarch was AiirlAlfrani his throoe. 

CAST, form ; maimer ; ilight coloring. 
TuBN, [tuman, to tmm, S.] direction ; inclination. 
Dkscription, Idacr^tui, L.] a representation or delineati<ni 



le figure. 

Catt of mind ; catt ot coontcniizicB ; /m of thon^t j Homer Hbounda 

ifitli bemtiful and sinking deter^icm, 

CAUSE [causa, L.] that from which buy thing proeeedi. 
Reason, rroMOR, F.jgroimd; principle. 
Motive, [inofif, F.] that which detenoinet the choice. 
Catae and effect i mnin and remit ; wutim and aetios. 

CAUSE, to effect aa tu agent ; to produce. 
Occasion, to cauK inddentaUy. 
Ckeatb, [ereo, L.] to bring into existence. 
A nound cnaa paia ; acddtnta octatiim deUf ; diiputes n-eafe anlmodty. 

CAUTIOUS, [eoahw, L.] watchful; prudent. 

Wart, [vner, S.l guarding against deception or danger. 
CiBcoxBPHCT, [ciraaa^eetvs, L.] watchful on all lidei ; cue- 

ful of consequence*. 
Be emOiout against crll ; teory of the il*«ie"'"ff i eiraiM^peet in bosinesa. 

Cbll, [cella, L.] an; smiU place of rendence. 
A met is dog; anU is tndlt. 

CAVE, icave, F.I a hollow place in the earth. 
-„{cell- ^-' ■• 

CEASE, [cem, L.] to atop 

Lbavb off, [i«/on, S.Jt 

Discontinue, [discoHtinaer, F.] to break off; to interrupt. 

Ctaif to do evil ; Uace eff when jou have done jtmt work ; ditemirtiiw not 
a good practice. 

CELEBRATE, Icelebro, L.] to praise ; to diffiinguish by solemn rites. 
CoMUBUORATE, [comDHmoTO, L.] to preierve in remembrance 

hy a solemn ict. 
Jews ctltbralt the passOTCr ; ChristiiinB eommtmoralt the death of Christ. 

CELEBRATED, disCinguitbed ; praised; honored. 

Fahodb, Ifamotat, L.] talked of and extolled in public report. 

Renowned, [renommi. P.] eminent for diidnguished qualities 
or gre^ acbierements. . 

Illusthious, [ilhuirit, bright, L.] conspicuous, uoble. 

Celtbrattd for Ids abilities ; /anunu tor his great eiploita i rtnoamtd in 
hiBtorr ; ilhatrioHt b name, femily, titles. 

CELESTIAL, [catatit, LJ belongii^ to, dwelling in, heaven. 
Hbavknlv, [ieq/en, S.J pertaining to, resembUng heaven ; su- 
premely excellent. 

Ctkthttl elobe ; teitttiiU signs ; alalia spirits ; htrntitly joys \ a Annwn^ 
temper ; a htartaig throng. 

CENSURE, \_eemeo, L.] to blame ; to condemn as wrong. 
Animadvert, [ammadceTto, L.] to remark upon ; to turn the 



Carp, [carpo, to pick, L.] to find fkult without reason. 
Cavil, [caviUor, L.} to raise captious and frivoloat objectione. 
Moraiista emnav the Tiee> of the age ; politiciiuu carp ', infidcu emii. 


Blaub, IbUmer, F.} to express disapprobation of. 
Rbpbovb, [reprobo, L.] to check ; to chide ; to reprehend. 
Rbpboach, [reproehtr, L.] to tax; to charge with a &nlt i 

opprobrious language. 
>BBA|D, [upjaSreAw, SJ to reprove with seventy. 
CoNDBMN, \condem3io, L.J to pronounce guilty ; to sentence U 


Writers cemwe each other ; a mastn ftloms his Mnant ; the ftther rt. 
prova his aoa ; oae fiieod i^braidi another ; a man Is repraatlud for his 
rices; judges rondmn. 

CERTAIN, [certui, L.] true, indubitable, unquestionable. 
SuRB, \_g6r. P.] infallible ; firm ; not liable t« feilure. 
SscuRK, [««ciirtu, L.] safe ; free &om danger. 
A certahi/iief; aturestqi; a Krare boose. 

CESSATION, [cMsatio, L.] a soapennon of operotion, sctioD, or 
Stop, ^toppen, to atop, Du.] cessation of progreasiTe motion 
Rest, [rest, S.] absence of motion ; repose. 
Imtrrhission, [mtenauiio, L.] cessation for a time; pause; 

intermediate atop. 
CutiKm of liostiUtin ; put a itop to eril practlees ; a rat from toll j ln- 
lertaiaion of labor is accessary. 

CHANCE, Icheatoiee, K., eadeniia, L.] the effect of an unknown 
cause ; a fortuitous event. 

Fortune, [/ortaaa, L.|] the good or ill that be&Us man. 

Fat«, r/aium, L.] destmy depending on a superior and uncon- 
trollable cause. 

Met bj chaaet i t&vored b j/orfuu ; "shiee/afedlvidesiu, wemnit part." 

Chatitt of escape ; pruioMIity ofsoeeess. 
CHANCE, a fortuitous event ; luck. 

me thing in the place of another; 



Alter, [alter, another, L.] to change ptutiallj; to nuke other- 
wue than it is. 

Vary, [vario, L.] to alter b form, lubitance, or podtbn. 

We chnv one tbing Ibr MUtthec ; we oUer that wUch docB not mlt tu, ud 
vary the bihku according to dmmutBiKea. OiaMgt our dreu ) vary our 
opmiODi ; alter oar maDuer of living. 

CHANGE, to resign anytbisg for the sake of another. 

ExcHANGB, [eckanger, F.J to give and receive reciprocal!)'. 
Barter, [barraltare. It.] to traffic by exchanging one commodity 

for another. 
SuBSTiTUTR, [luistttuo, L.] to put in the place of another. 
CouuuTB, [conmnifo, L.] to exctumge one penalty for another of 

lew Bererity. 
Interchanob, [inf«raud change,'} to ^ve and take mutually; to 

A king elumga his minlaten, aeluaiga his prisonen of war ; the merehant 
barieri with another ; one man is nJalUuttd for another in office. 

Excliangi one article for Khother ; tradesmen dorfcr ; pnniiluiieut ts cam- 
aailed \ the poniehment of death ires tommuied f^ tianaportatioD. 
We inltrcliangt comidinKats, seDtimenta, seniees. 
Farewell \ the lelsiore and the («ufiil time, 
Cnt off tlie ceremonkHu tows of ioie. 
And ample Mertimge of iwevt dlKoorse. — (Slialaptre.) 

CHANGE, a pa««ing from one itate to another. 
Variation, [variatio, L.] mutation ; difference. 
ViciSBiTiTDE, [vicissiludo, L.] regular change ; return of the 

same thing* in succcMion; revolution. 
Clumgt of conditioD ; variatim of the weather ; vieittitudt of human sAdn. 

CHANGEABLE, subject to change. 
MuTABLB, [mutabilis, L.] unsettled; unatable. 

Variable, [nnrioitfia, L.] cuiable of alteration. 

Inconbtant, [incotutans, L.J not firm in reaolutioa ; not steady 
in affection. 

FiCELs, IJicol, 8.] irresolute, wavering, capridous. 

Vbrsatii-e, [versalilia, L.] turning with eaie from one thing to 

Unsteady, {aledig, firm, S.] not adhering to any fixed pUn. 

Men are chmgeibli ,- affhira mulablr ; feeling* tariabU ; affeetioas Sum- 
ttani; fortune ^ile I talents cfl'iafile. 

Changrahle in appearance j mmatant in love or (Hendshlp ; fickle in attach- 
ment ; uniteadt/ in pnimiit. 

CHARACTER, [oAiwiicfer, L.] a letter, figure, or emblem. 
Letter, [lUtra, L.] the first element of written Iftuguage. 
Hlero^Tphical cAomcfer.' feKcr of the alphabet. 

CHARACTER, [oioraefer, L.] personal qualities. 


Rbputation, [rgmtatio, L.] public CEtmutioii of a penon'a 

drcomstaDces ma; canw s mao to bsTc s Mr reputatio*, tiumgh his cAa- 
roc'n' may not be good. 

CHARM, [earmtit, a song, L.] to nibdue by some secret power ; to 

Enchant, [mconfa, to ang, L.] to give exquisite pleamre. 

Fabcinatb, Ifatcino, L.] to bewitch; to allure irtesistiUy. 

Enrapturb, to tnuBport with pleasure. 

Captivate, [copfico, L.l to gam the afiectiaiig. 

Bcaaty eharau ; mniic auhaiti i toKnm)iioafaKuuitet i Entbadasts a» 
atroftatd .- modest beantj taptitKatt. 

CHASTEN, [eiitwr, F.] to inflict pain fbr the purpose of recl&im- 
ingan o&bnder. 
Chastibb, \casHgo, L.] to correct by punithmeut. 
Punish, [ptinto, L.] to afflict with [win, loss, or confinemait, fix 

a crime or fault. 
Discipline, {diaeo, to leani, LJ to instruct and govern. 
CoRBSCT, [corrigo, L.l to &ee from error. 

God cAiufau those whom he lora ; chutue a child ; pusiiA a m«lefaetor { 
duftptiiif troopa ; correct for ameadnkent. 

CHASTTTT, [cosh'fM, L.] purity of the body. 

CONTINBNOB, [«ni(t»etriw, L.] the rertraint which a person im- 
poBes upon his deairea and pauions. 

ChalUy la the lavrM use of sensosi plessuns ; coafwoice ia their total 

4T, [eeatt, S.] to impose npon; to deceive. 
DsFBAUD, [dtfraudo, L.l to rob by deception or stratagem. 
Trick, [tricha; F,] to cheat; to use artifice. 
The diahonnt cital i viUeiiis dgVoid ; the canning ttitt, 

CHECK, to repreu ; to rebuke ; to moderate. 

Curb, [courber, F.] to restrain t to hold back. 

Control, to govern ; to subject ; to have under command. 

Stop, [sloppett, Du.l to hinder from action or practice. 

Chedi the forward ; curt tbe bnpetoons ; tontnl onndj appetites. 

It is joaz doty to clirci evS deeds, tbon^ jon may not be able eCectnaUy 
to itop Uie pcogresB of vice. 

CHEERFUL, having good spirits ; moderately joyfid. 

Mbrry, [mirige, S.j laughmg; loudly cheerful; gay of heart. 

Sprightly, \ftom spirit,^ hmk; vigorous) animated. 

Gay, igai, FJ frolicsome; sportive. 

Livbly, [fi/«and Kite,] vivaaous; spirited. 

Plexbant, [plauani, F^ humorous, mirthful, agreeable. 

Facrtioub, [/ac«<ietw, F.] witty; sportive; jocular. 

CHIEF, [ekitf, the bead, N.] mott emiueat ; haTing nuMt authority, 
Main, [magnus, great, L.] that which U moatly r^ardea. 
Chi^ In nail ; prinnjul in impartancc ; main In d^ne ; cM{/' penon ) 

■win ab}«t. " Wiidnm is the jmuipiil thing." 

CHIEF, the principal penon of a tribe, an ana;, &c. 
Lbadkb, [Itidatt, to diaw, S.l captain; comniuider. 
Chieftain, the le^er of a clan oi troops. 
Hbad, [kta^d, S.] principal penon; one to whom other* are 

CM^ among UTBgea ; liadir at a taCtkiD i M^taai among rabban ) Dead 
of afiunily. 

CHILDISH, [eiid, mogeay, S.] beloi^ng to a child ; siin[de. 

uo, prc^ny, S.] beloi^ng 

[bffimtilu, L.] peri^umnK t 

CHILL, [oeh, SJ cool; moderately cold. 

Cold, [caU, S.] triad; tending to cause shiveriiw. 

Wc bsTc aometinua cJUlT weather in nuoioet, but not so cotdM in ninlcr. 

CH0L£R1C, [choleriau, L.leatily irritated. 

Passionate, [jjosnontw, F.] soon agitated b; injury or inralt. 

Ibasciblb, [irascibilit, L.] easily provoked. 

Indionant, lintUj/iutiu, L.] inflaoied at once with anger and 

Anqrv, [ange, S.} touched with anger; feeling resentment. 

Wrathful, [vrath and ^I^] greatly incensed; fiirioni and 

Violent, [violenlas, L.J vehelnent; outrageous. 

Hastt, [Ad(tf, F.l «uily excited; rash. 

Testy, [testardo. It."] a^ to he anny; waspish. 

PsBViSK, petulant ; easdy offended; irritable ; hard to please. 

Fretful, [frotter, to rub, F.] disposed to fret ; petulant. 

(ADlflv temper, iftech, dispoalcion, Ik. ; paniimaU man ; iraieibh dis. 
posltioa, passloas, tacnltieB; " ndignant waves ;" ontn^ eky, woimd ; "angry 
coimtenuice ;" tcrall^l pauiona, wupooB ; nolfltt deaUi, wind, temper, 
Su. ; hmlg sjorita, words ; laty rivals, couilien ; laty fellow ; ptevitK girl ; 
frt^fid child. 

CHOOSE, [ceoion, S.] to pick out of two or more things offered. 
Make choice of, to take in preference. 
Prefer, '[prafero, L.] to regwd or esteem more than another. 
Pick, [pycon, S.] to cull; to choose one in preference to others 
which are rejected ; to glean. 



J pr^tr what we lo« ; 
fick tbe finest fruit ; aita the best'&uthora. 

CHOOSE, to select ; to make choice of. 

Elect, \eiigo, L.] to chooae for any ofBce or use. 
CAoon a fVieod ; tltrt member* of pulliuaent. 

CHURCH, [circe or cyric, SJ the collective body of Cbistiaiu. 
any particular boQy of Chiiitiang ; the place which Chnstiiuu 
consecrate to the worship of God. 
Tkmplr, [fcmpJum, L., (rarnpul, Oae.] a place appropriated to 

BCtB of religion. 
Chmh ia propeily the people ; teazle tlie place tor public worahip. 

CIRCLE, [circulus, L.] a ^metrical figure every part of whose 
circumference is equally distant from the centre. 

Sphebe, [sphaira, Gr.J a solid body every port of whose sur&ce 
is at the same distance from the centre. 

Orb, [orbis, L.] circular body that revolves. 

Globe, [qZo&iu, L.] a ball ; a round body. 

Draw B drcu; the sun is a mlglity iphert ; heavenljr orbi ; the celestial 

CIRCUIT, [etrmiftw, IJ extent measured by travelling round. 
ToUB, [four, a turn, ¥.'] a journey in a circle. 
Round, [rondo. It.] a course, circuit. 
A jud^ goes hjs ciraat ; a traveller Us tour ; a tradeemaii his nwui. 

CIRCUMSCRIBE, leireumscribo, L.] to encircle; to environ ; to 

Inclosb, [iticbuio, L.] to shut in; to surround. 

BovND, to border i to temunate. 

LiuiT, {Umiter, F.] to set Lmits or bounds to, 

CoNFINB, [coi^ner, P.] to restrun; to imprison; to border 

upon; to touch the limit. 
Rbstrict, [restringo, L.] to restrain; to stint. 

Ctreanucribi by a line ; tnclou by a teuce. CountrieB an boiaidid by seas, 
liMnmtaias, &c., lands timited bynedvest &<:., gardens calcined by walls; 
England ceiySiin on Scotland i ratritUd in diet. 

CIRCUMSPECTION, [ctrcunupecfio, lookine round, L.] watck- 

fiilness on every side ; caution ; generu attention. 

Rboard, [regard, F.] attention as to a matter of importance. 

Cons IDE RATION, [considerate, L.] the act of considering; 

mental view ; mature thought ; serious deUberation. 

Ctraun^iecliim in speakiiig to itcangen ; rtgani to troth ; anaidtroHut 
of eouseqnences. 
CIRCUMSTANCE, [circvmslanlia, L,] state of affiun. 

Situation, [tituaaone. It.] condition ; position. 

A eriticsl circuauliniet ; a dangerous tiltoHon, 

CIRCUMSTANCE, [nmmutaM, ttaudiog kbout, L.] lometlimg 
atteoding a fact or caie. 
Incidbnt, [incideiu, L.] a caiual erent; loniethiiig happening 

Fact, [jactvtit,L.'] i^slity; not tuppoiitioa. 

The eiraimttimea of time, place, and penoiu are to be eonaidered ; a re- 
maricable Mculenf ; a ptuitiTe/af'' ' 

CIRCUMSTANTIAL, detailing all the drcnnutuieei. 
Particular, notins properbea or tbin^ pecutiar. 

MiNUTi, [minuftw, L.] reduced to apomt; critiod. 
CnvasufmifiaJ aeconat, ooDtaiaiiig eierr particilar event; mtaHfe (le»> 

CITE, [cilo, to caU, L.] to tnmmoa ; to name in lupport of proof. 
Quote, [quoter, O. F.] to adduce an author ; to repeat the 

norda of another. 
Citt a penonOT thing ; Cite an anthoiitr l fwl' a paragraph. 

CITE, to aummoa to appear in a court. 

Summon, [mtbmoneo, L.] to call with authority ; to admoniih to 

die bdon a nu 

CIVIL, [eivilit, L.] complaiaant; gentle; o 
Polite, \_polilus, poliahed, L.] 3e|;ant; 
Ciell coDTetsBtion ; poUSt eompliment. 

CIVIL, civilized, not barbaroua. 

Obligino, [pblit/miU, F.] hannB the diqwiitian to confer &vo 
CoMPLAHANT, (complotaatit, FT) desiroua to please ; aSable. 
Cinii obBerTation ; ohligiitg action ; wmpiauamt smile. 

CLANDESTINE, [clandesHniu, L.} rtndioualy c 
Secbet, [aecreUu, L.] prifHte ; without the knc 

Clondetfint proceeding! leerrl meeting. 

CLASP, to throw the arms round ; to hold fondly. 
Huo, [AfjffT, D.J to preaa closely ; to aqueeze. 
Embracb, [embriuter, F.] to presa to the boiom 

Alltetlonate eloip i barbannu iknf ; Inlng tmbraet. 

GLASS, [clattif, tro<^, L.] a number of penona on ai 

Ordbr, [<»'rfo, seriea, L.] a division of men. 
Rank, [rAcne, W.] digmty ; elevation. 
Degree, ^gradtu, a step, L,] quality, station. 

The Laborinff ciasi ; iugh, loir, or middle elan ; order of w 
nmk \ dtgrte In arts, Sx. 

CLASS, to arrange scientifically, or according to aomi 
thod of distribution. 


Abrance, [arranger, F.] to put in proper order for any pmpoie. 
Ranok, [runner, F.l to dispose in order ; to put in ranks. 
Clow according to qnalit; ; arrange in order ; ranf/t m battle airay. 

CLEAN, [cUme, S,] free from defilement ; innocent. 
Cleanlv, cvefully BToidmg dirt ; pure iu the pertou. 
PuHB, [txinw, L,j clear; imadulterated. 
Cicon hamu ; purt bcart ; " cleanly coimtry maid." 

CLEAB, [plants, L.] free from uneertsinty. 

Appabunt, lapparais, L.] appewii^ to the e;e; eanly wen. 

Visible, [viaMit, L.] that may be seen or diacemed. 

Plain, \_plamu, L.} simple; not obscure. 

Obvious, lobviut, L.J readily perceived, understood; easily 

Evident, [evidens, L.] clear to the mental eye. 

Manipbbt, {taanifeslMt, L.] obvious to the underatanding. 

Clear case ; the appamif size of the diiblt itarg in a dear night. Plain 
tact i obvioiu tendency ; esutenf proof ; nitnifal coutcadlclioD. 

CLEAR, [ciarus, L.] transpicuous ; pdludd ; luminoua. 
Lucid, [lucuAu, L.l shining, glittering, Cranspareut. 
Briout, [bryht, S.T resplendent; sparkling. 
Vivid, [ctniaiu, L.] lively; strong; intensely bright ; forming 

brillmnt images. 

CItar from clouds ; lucid atmosphere ; bright ak; ; trhid lightning. Clear 
eoDsdence ; lucid interval ; bright parts ; vimd imagination. 

lununousiy ; 
.V, plainly ; 
Clairlg discern, prove, imderstand ; duKsdly percovs, dsflne, state a 

DiSTiNCTLv, plainly; separately; without blending one put 

with ai — '' — 

CLEARNESS, freedpm from obstruction or confdsion. 

pERSPIcurrr, [per^ricuilas, L.] easiness to be understood; 
freedom from obscurity or ambiguity. 

CleonuM of reason, of discerDment, of views, ot explanations; ptnpicTata 
of ddiucation, of language. 

CLEMENCY, [cl«>nen(iii, L.j tenderness in punishing; disposition 
to treat with &Tor. 
Lbnity, [ieniiaj, L.] mildness ; softness of temper. , 

Mebcy, ^isericordia, L.] mildness; tenderness of heart tonarda 

offenaers ; pity. 
The Icing exerci^s cicmency towards criminals by raitig^tiDg their sen- 
tence; young offenders may be treated with laaty. Mercy S - ■•'-•^-—'-^ 
attribute of the Almighty. 

CLERGYMAN, [efcric, S., cUricus, L.] a man in holy orde 
Parson, [parocheanus, L.] the incumbent of a pansh. 


pBtEST, [preosf, S.] one who offlciates is «icred ofBces; acler' 
gymau of the inUrmediate order between biihops and dencons. 
Minister, [miaisler, L.l one who serrei at the ^tar. 
A pimu citrggman ; s pia-iimiuAia a liilag aud recrives the titha ; friat, 
at RUgioa in geaeral ; a learacd priat ; a minMtT of God. 

CLEVER, ready in invention or execution ; ingeniooa. 

Skilful, {scylan, to distiuguiah, S.] able to perform nicely anj 
manuu operation. 

Expert, [experttis, L.] taught by use or practice. 

Dextbbdvb, [dexter, right, L.] active; prompt; quick. 

Adroit, [tfrcit, rieht^ f\] active in the use of the hands. 

Cltcer in bosiaess ; s&lfiil Id the arte % aptrt oicher ; dtxttnmt workman, 
manager ; adroit in fendng. 

CLOAE, [lack, S.] a conceahnent ; a cover. 

Mask, tmasqvt, F.] a cover for the face; any pretence or lub- 

Blind, Wind, S.] something to mislead the sight, or the under- 
Veil, [relum, L.] something to intercept the view ; a dit^se. 
UypocHtee raaJcfl a cioak of reb^on ; men conceal their malignity by a 
maii of eloquence, n^g It as a bimd to tbdr bad Intentioaa ; a diaritable 

CLOCK, [clufff/a, S.] a machine which tells the hour by the stroke 
of a hammer upon a bell. 
Dial, [dies, day, L.] ia instrument for measuring the time of 
dm by the sun. 

Ihe clock strikes the hour ; the iliaj ihem it. 

CLOG, [cleg, B lump, W.] to load with something that may hinder 
Load, [hladan, 8.] to lay on a bnrden. 
Encumber, [encomirer, F.] to obstruct ; fo impede. 
A nbeel may be clegged ,■ the wagon loadtd .- weeds cscumbtr tbe gronnd. 

CLOISTER, [clauslr, S.] a relirious retirement. 

Convent, [conventus, L.] a house of residence for female defo- 

tees 1 a nunnery. 
Monastery, [moBos/ertmn, L.] hou9e of rel^ous retirement or 

seclusion from temporal concerns ; abbey. 
Sedneion <n a cloister ; commnnity in a convinf ; eolitode in a monaiters. 

CLOSE, . [clamus, shut, L.] dense; confined within narrow 

Compact, [compactus, L.] solid; drmly wiited. 

Bodies in time array ; tompacl body. 

CLOSE, [claudo, L.] tti stop auopen place; to intercept the passage. 


Shut, r^citlan, S.] to close lo as to prohibit in^^reiB or regreu j 
Shrl the door ; cIbm tha cjrea. 

CLOSE, to put an end to ; to complete. 

Finish, (j!nto, L.] to bring, to tbe end proposed. 

CONCI-UDB, [concludo, L.] to terminste. 

Cloit Ml sccDDDt ; JlnuA tlu biuioeee ; conclude the dlsconiK. 

CLOTHES, [clath, 8.] garmentt for the hmnan bodj. 

Dress, [dresier, to erect, F.] rich gtinnents ; elegant attire. 
Cloiha BTfl worn for decency and comfort ; drru for omamcat. 

CLOWKISH, [cofoiuM, tt huabandman, L.] coarse ; rough ; rustic. 
Unpolitb, [impolittu, L.] not elegant; not refined, undril ; di>- 

Ctinrmish owiog; to want of education ; unpttUit owing to a bad 

COADJUTOR, [cob and adjutoT, L.] a fellow helper; tu 

Assistant, [auwfo, to stand up, L.] a person engaged in an 

affair, not as priudpsl, but as auxiliary or minist^al. 
A coadjutor b equal to the person with whom he acts ; an uttifosf ia in- 

COARSE, [crattut, L.] not refined; not separated from the 
grosser particles. 
Rough, [ircoA, S.] not smooth; having inequalities ; rugged. 
Rude, [rudis, L.] untaught, barbarous, savage. 
Caane compositioa, bread ; rmffA sorftce, aiiia ; rwK malce, tool, batk. 

COAX, [cocm, W.] to soothe ; to persuade by fondling. 
Whebdlb, to entice by soft troras; to flatter. 
Cajole, \i:ajoier, F.] to deceive or delude by flatteij. 
Fawn, [fagaiian, ST] to court servilely; to crin«. 
Children cmw ; tlie greedT wliMiUe ; knana cof Db ; nSniona and court 

COSRCE, [coerceo, L.] to constrain ; to keep in order by force. 
Rbstrain, \Tatrmgo, L.] to withhold; to keep in awe- 
Power coerces ; fear rcifrautt. 

Coeval refers to things ; contanpomry to persona. 
COGENT, {coQfns, L.J resistless, convincing. 

Forcible, i/ortis, L.] efficacious, impressive. 

Strong, [slreng, S.] powerfot, vigorous. 

A cosrea' reason ; eegtat proofs ; a/orcale argmnenti a rfroiig' conviction ; 
ttnms language. 

COLLEAGUE, [colkga, L.] a partner in tbe same employment. 
Partner, [parfior, to divide, L.] an associate in business. 
CoUtBfut in office ; partner in trade, roannfhetnres, an adventiire, &c 



COLOB,fco&ira, L.I to mark with loitie hue; to change from white. 
' DvB, [deagan, S.J to g^ve a new uid permauent color to. 
TiNGB, {lingo, L.] to impregnate or imbue with a color, ttute, 

or quality. 
Stain, [ y$taeniav>, W.] to dticolot by the appUcatiou of foreign 

the rays o: ^ 
HiTE, [kieiee, S.l color, die. 
Tint, [(info, It.l a glight coloring. 
Artificial colori an tbrmnrDf Tuioni Aiiaand tMi. 

COLORABLE, giving an appearance of right or justice. 
Specious, [speciosus, L.J superiiciallv laii. 
OaTBNBiBLE, [(«(endo, to show, L.^ such ug ia proper or in- 
tended to be shoivn. 
Plavsiblk, Iplausibilis, L.] auch ai gains approbation ; super- 

ficiBlly pleaaing. 
Feasible, [/nwdfile, F.] practicable; that may be effected. 
CDlonbk preCeit ; tpieumt appearance ; aslauibU motive ; plaioible 
speecii ; ftastble aconuit, plan. , 

COLORS, the national standard. 

Flab, \_fiag, D.I a banner ; an ensign borne in ku army or fleet. 
Calnr) of a regimedt ; flag of a ship, fort, ice. 

COMBAT, [combattTe, F.] to contend. 

Oppose, [oppcno, L.] to put in opposition ; to act against ; to 

COMBATANT, \combattant, 1 

Chaupion, {cempa, S.] a 
who is bold in contest. 

Any man that flghta is a tonbataitt .■ if he flghta in aaotber's cause, be is 
a champion. 

COMBINATION, [comftinawoti, F.] union for some certain put- 
Cabal, [cabate, F.] a body of men united in some close design. 
Plot, [plot, SJ a Duacbicnroas scheme ; an intrigue. 
CoKSPiiucT, [attiipiralio, L.] a concerted treason. 
Combiaatian fur defence ; secret-fafol : clandestine plot : treasonable con- 

COME, [cuman, S.] to remove from a distant to a nearer place, 
Akrivb, [orriiwr, F,] to reach any placb by travelling. 
Come at any dme, or by any means ; arrvie at a de fialte period, or (mder 

partienJar circnnutances. 


74 COHVOKT — comioDiTT. 

COMFORT, [coifforto, L.] cotuolation; Mpport imder calamity 

Plbabdre, [plauir, F.] gratificatioii of the mind or Kiuei. 
Con^Brl at home ; pleann abroad. 

COMMAND, [contmander, to bid, to order, F.] the act of com- 
manding ) a mandate uttered. 
Order, [ordo, L.] authoritative direction. 
Injunction, [injunclio, LJ urgent exhortation. 
Precept, [prac^Uan, L.] arute for the r^;nlation of moral 

conduct. , 
llifr Iud^'b command ; the Duvlcr'H order ; tiie pBreat^A injwulion ; the 
teacher'! prtcrpti, 

COMMANDING, controUing hj authority, influence, or dignin'. 
luPBRATiVB, [imperativua, L.] contaimng positive command. 
Impkriovs, [impfriosus, L.] tyrannical ; haughty ; domineering. 
Authoritative, having an air of authority; pereroptor]'. 

Conumndinii voice ; conmanding eloquence ; imjiralat style ; MijKrioiu 
look I aaDmriialiTt bMmctioax. 

COMMEND, [commCTHfo, L.] tonientioD with approbation. 

Praise, Ipry^en, Bu.] to dispUy the excellence of personal 

worth or actions. 
Apflavd, [imtlaitdo, to clap the hands, L.J to praise b; acclwna- 

don or other significant sign. 
Extol, [rxMIo, to raise, L.] to magnify J to laud; tocelehrate; 

to exalt. 
We cemmead a person for his general good conduct ; we praae everj thing 
that is meritorious ; orators, public performera, and good deeds are np- 
plauded ; we exioi those who perform or adueve ununmmon exploita ; we 
extol herde actioDS. 

COMMISSION, [committo, L.] to send with a mandate. 

AuTBORiHB, [aageOr-L-l to give a right 
" - ■ ' e legal or i ' 

moral power. 
illioriae a aerrant ; tmpoKtttd by law. 

COMMODIOUS, Icommodus, proportionate,!.] adapted to its use 

or purpose, 
CoNVRNiBNT, [cofifeninu, commg ti^ethcr, L.] suitable, proper. 
Cemniodifna room ; conveaiait season. 

COMMODITY, [comTttoditas, L.] produce of land or manufactures. 
OooD», [i. e. good things,^ fre^nt, movables. 

[marckandtr, to cheapen, F.] the objects of 

Commoditia of ibx coou^ ; tradesman's goodt ; mtrchimdixt belongs tc 

W*RB, [ware, S.] commonly something to lie sold. 
Commoditia of ihx coon^ ; tradesman's goodt ; mtrchimdii 


COUMON, [conuntDtw, L,] Ttdgu i mew ; ewy to be had. 
Vulgar, [tVjram, L.] pertaioiiig to unlettered people. 
Okdinary, [ordmariiu, L.] common, uiiul. 
Hban, Itiusne, S.] poor; ol'bttle value. 

OminoR opiiuaii j euij/ar DotkiD ; ordiniBy pursuit ; mtm KppcanuMW. 

COMMONLY, ordinarilj. 

Generally, extenaivel}' though not universally. 

Frebuentlv, [/rejuenter, L.j often; at short intervals. 

Usually, customanty, 

Commontift not rarely ; generaltjft aat occasloDAlly ; Jrtepmtljft DtA »U 
dom ; aually, not without eicepUoua. 

COMMOTION, Icommolia, L.] tumult; agit^oa. 

DiBTURBANCB, [furio, s crowd, L.] excitement; interruption 
of peace. 

Nmnbers bk f DfHfiufun ; &iewiaajnakt-A dittvrbana, 

COMMUNICATE, [comnoMien, L.] to reveal knoirledj^ ; to give 
luPART, {impertioT, L.] to confer; to make known. 

COMMUNICATIVE, inclined to disclose knonledge, opinions, or 
Free, [freoh, S.] open, unreserved. 

He b too comimmicBlitt, and bii fitt convcreation expose* him to danger. 

COMMUNION, [commuBMi, L.] intercourse ; fellowiyp. 

Converse, ^conversor, to be turned to, L.] conveiution ; man- 
ner of discoursii^ in &miUar life. 

Communon wiCh God, amceru with men, 

COMMUNITY, [communitaa, L.] a number of persons having 
common rights and living under the same laws. 
Society, [sockIos, L.J numbers united in one interest; the 
union of a number of rational being* for s particular purpow. 
Commumly of mankind ; independent loatlin. 

COMPARISON, [eoTaparatio, L,] the act of conudering the resem- 
blance between persons or things. 
Contrast, [coittraste, F.] opposition and (hisimilitude of 

figures, l^ which one contributes to the effect of another. 
Comparum between similar things ; ctHtnul between dlSerent ones. 

fill sym] 

and'fnueria, L.] sorrow for the dis- 



Pity, [^pilie, F.] temlemess for pain or unewineBi. 
SvHPATBT, [ntn, with, pathot, feeling, Gr.] feUow-feelinf; ; 
mutual lenaibilitj ; the quality of being affected by the ta- 
fectioa of another. 
CoNDOLENGB, [conttotianM, F.] the eipreaaioD of grief for the 

soiTowR of Others. 
CompeitioH ia general concern for all who are wtetched ; cominJicniluHi b 
joiniDg in the Borrows of others ; pilg the distreuea of the unfortonate. 
KindncRB by Beeret Ij/rnpaf Ay a tyed ; 
For noble souls b nature are ally'd. — {Drydn.) 
Ye had nmiHiuim of me in mv bonds. {Heb. i. 3*.)—Ci>iiimaeralu>ii 
towards a sufFering criminal ; amdolaia on the lota of ftieuds. 

COMPATIBLE, I coiB(M/iifc, F.] cODgmoua; agreeable; suitable. 
Consistent, [coniuleni, L.] not contradictory; not opposed. 

(fompatibk plan ; eoiuialenl character. 

COMPEL, Icompello, L.] to drive ; t« urge irresiitibly. 

Constrain, [corufrin^, L.] to exert moral or physical power, 
in urging to action or restraining it. 

FoBCB, [fortii, strong, L.] to overpower by strength. 

Obliob, [oi^o, L.] to bind; to impose obligation. 

Necessitats, [neeeantoi, L.] to render, unavoidable ; to exempt 
from choice. 

Poverty compelt ; fear cofulriwu ,- imtga/orca ; men are fortrd to a«b- 
mit to conqneron ; honor, contdenee, custom, obKgtt \ want of strength 
neeatitBtwvs to yield. 

COMPENSATION, [eoinpen^o, to requite,L.] something eiiuivalent. 

Satisfaction, {aat^factio, L.l atonement ; indenutification. 

Amends, [amende, F,] that which supphes a defect or loss. 

RbuUnbbation, [remunerotto, L.l repayment. 

Recompense, a return for lomethmg given, done, or suffered. 

RcaulTAL, \cuitiglam, Ir.] return for any office, good or bad. 

Bewakd, that which is awarded in return for good or evil per- 

The pleasuns of life are no rwvpmaaHo* for the loaa of ditlne f^vca ; tn- 
n^action tor hijory, insult, a debt ; omfluti for losa or damage ; remiauratieK 
tac labor, serTict ; TOOmptiat for exertion ; Ttqidtid of UndneBS, of tngimti- 
tilde ; rooord toe merit. 

COMPETENT, [competfM, seeking, L.] having lufBcient capad^ 

Qualified, [iraalis, such, saA facto, to make, L.] prepared; 

make capanie. 
Fitted, \jnttm, Fl.] made suitable; ndi^rted, 
Coaipetatt to undertake ; fualylni fOr a dtnation ; fitttd by habit. 

Emulation, {amaiatio, L.] the deaire to imitate, equal, or ex- 
cel othen. 


endenror to equal or surpau another. 

: emulation; Klfiah rwafry. 

COMPLAIN, [co«, and plango, to lament, L.] to utter eipretuoiu 
of grief ; to bewtul. 
Lambnt, Rammifoi-, LJ to mourn; to grieve; toexpi^aBiorrow. 
Rborbt, \jegTetter, F.J to repent; to grieve at. 
We canploin of ^CTaucea ; loaitnt mufbrtunes ; regret mis-Epent tlmt. 

COMPLAIN, to find fault ; to utter eipreiiioni of uneaaiueis. 
RspiNs, [mnatt, to pain, S.] to fret; to feel discontent. 
Murmur, [mumniro, L.] to grumble; to utter sullen disconteat. 
We comptaia to others ; repine in iwret; iRHrmtir agaJnat oppressors ; jnur- 


Accusation, [aceiuatio, L.] tne act of charging with any of- 

Give no caow for conphant, and yon need not regard nnjost tuttaatioia. 

COMPLAISANCE, [con^laitance, F.] deaireof pleosii^; courtesy. 
Depskenci, [i^ero, to field, h.} a yielding of opmion ) sub- 

miwioD of judgement. 
CoNDBBCBNBioN, [con, and dgseeiuio, hJ] voluntary humilia- 

tiou ; descent from d^nitf or just claims. 

Comptananee to eqnalA ; d^eremee to Bapcriora ; condeteetuion to ijiferktrs. 
COMPLETE, leompktut, L.] having no deficiency. 

P*B.riiCT,[petfectMi, L.J consummate; neither defective nor 

PiniBHED, [jEnittw, L.] brought to the highest degree of ex- 

A nnipltfc work ; pe/feel In canttnictiOD ; bJIiiuAaI perfbrmaDce. — Cam- 
pltte deriga; perftcl beantr; jlnLtW workmanship. 

COMPLETE, full i having no deficiencies. 
Entire, [entier, F.] whole, undivided. 
Compltle, in wanting Dottdng ; entirt, in not bdng brokin. 

COMPLETE, {BotmUo, L.] to fulfil; to accomplish. 
Finish, [jSnio, L.] to bring to the end proposed. 
Tbuminatb, ittrntiao, L.] to close; to put an end to. 
Complete your labonn ; jbiiah joat work ; terminale dispotcs. 

COMPLEXITY, [complreiw, to embrace, L.] the state of being Ji- 
volved, difficult. 
Complication, [compliro, t« weave, L.] the state of being inter- 

woven or mutually miited. 
Intricact, [intn'co, to fold, L.] obscurity; entanglement of 

&cts or notions. 
Con^lexilj/ of a suliject ; eompStalbm at diieasei, of Ideas ; intricacy ct 
a plot. 

,, t;ix,.,ic 


COMPLIANT, leon^Uro, to fulfil, L.] bending to the dentea of 

ViBi.niNG, Igieldan, to render, S.] inclined to give nay j accom 

SuBHissivB, [mbmisms, L.] humble,- testiiyiug mbmiuioni 

acknowledging ioferiority. 
A compHanl temper ; a yUIding ifiapodtion ; a lubaunH behavior. 

COMPLICATED, entangled; interwoven. 
J L.l oven 
fomplieotn) tl&ia ; inmhnt In madi nuseir. 

1, [inttotoo, roiied up, L.l overwhelmed; enveloped. 

COMPLY, to yield to; to be obaequioua to. 
CoNPOitu, [conformo, L.] to bve or act according to. 
Yield, [gieUon, S.l to give up ; to concede. 
Submit, [*»6m*tft), t.] to »urrender to the authority or 

of another. 
Accede, [accedo, L.J to asaent to; to become a party U 
CoNSKNT, [consenlio, L.] to accord ; to allow of; to i 

mind and will. 

Acquiesce, [ad, and mietco, to be quiet, L.] to rest latisfiedi.or 

apparently satiafied; to mbmit ouietiy. 
Agkbe, [agritr, F.] to approve or aomit. 

AccoBD, [iKCorder, P.] bi harmonize ; to correipond. 

Suit, [tuivre, to follow. P.] to be adapted to. 

Coincide, [con, tt^ether, KaAmcido, to fall, L.] to meet in ih* 

same point ; to oe of the same opinion. 

CoNcrs, [concurro, L.] to run together ; to act in conjmtctioa. 

Compli/ with iDDDcent customs ; eonjorm to ngnlatiuos ; yield to aoperlon ; 
ttibmit tu the lews.— We aceedi to proposals ; omtenf to other's wlBha ; 
eompiy with other'i desires and requests ; wqviace in what ii demanded ; 
agrte to ^invent di*piites that would disturb tiie socisl harmony. — AjTft to 
the couditioQS ; aewrd io Beatiment; mit in diapositioD ; coinftdf in judge- 
ment ; concur in design, in operation, in a poUtlcid measure. 

COMPOSE, [comjHMo, to put together, L.] to trsnquilliie ; to put 

Settle, \settan, to fix, to calm, S.] to adjust; to put into a 

itate of calmneas. 
CDmpou pastas, fears, s^tated thoughts ; sttlit dispDtea, qnarrela, dif- 

COMPOSED, Uompoatus, L.] calm ; even ; free from agitation. 
Sedate, [stiattt*, L.] quiet; unrufQed; aerene; Berious. 

Ct/iwpoaed spuits ; tedatt carriage. 

COMPOUND, [companAu, L,] formed of many ingredieuta ; not 

Complex, \com,plena, embracing, L,] compoaite; of many 

parts ; entangled. 
Cmnpaiind words ; lOKjitx santescea. 


COMPOUND, [compono, to put together, L.] to mingle many in 
|p«dieiit> together. 
Compose, [compono, L.] to inventi to constitate or form ■ 
paiti of a whole. 

COMPREHEND, [cim, sadprehendo, to gnttp, L.] to contoia ia 
the miud. 
OoNCEivB, [coneipio, L.] to frame in the mind; to imagine. 
Undbbstand, [under and standan, S.] to have jiut and ade- 
quate ideas ; to have fiUl knowled^ of. 
Coneewi eleariy ; tutdtrifntui fully ; ronpreAoul minntel]!. 

COMPREHENSIVE, havins the quaUty of compriaing much. 
ExTKNBtvB, [extaitus, L.] wide; large. 
Con^mhmtitit ytev ; twttniitt epbere of openCion. 

CONCEAL, [coiiceh, L.] to hide ; to keep aecret. 

DissKMSiiE, [[^ianmwJo, L.] to aanime a falie appearanee. 
DiBGUiSB, l£giater, F.] to hide by a connterfeit appeanoce. 

Tlic utfol anietal&e troth, diiternble thcdr feellagi, ditgme their lenti- ' 

CONCEAL, to forbear to diuloie. 
HiDB, [hydan, S.] to withhold from tixht or knowledge. 
SaCBBTS, [secretin, cut off, BeparateC apart from, £.] to put 

aside ; to remove from observation. 
Men eoneeai facta, ladf th« tmtht secreit goodA. 

CONCEALMENT, the act of hiding or covering. 

Secrbcy, [secretia, L.] privacy ; forbearance of disclonire. 
CoaRotniaJ ^ Crimea ; tecrtcy of sehemei. 

CONCEIT, [coneipio, to deviae, L.] opinion; idea; thought. 
Fancy, [^ionfona, appearance, L. and Gr.] the faculty oy which 

the mind forms imagei and representationa of things. 
Imagination, [imaginatio, L.] the power of combming tutd 

modiiying our conceptions. 
A rational eoBcnl ; an ia^mavM fatcy. The p^nler'a/oHqi.- the poet '■ 
MUfinaKoii ,' a busy airy /oney ; afiae unofinaffOTi, 

CONCEPTION, [concgifio, L.] apprehension by the mind. 
Notion, [nofto, L.] mental appKheusion of whatever may be 

known or imagined. 
Ptoin elevated eoncepiioia, and porrect vulgar ttoHoni. 

CONCERN, [coBcenw, L.] to relate or belong to. 
Touch, [tango, L.] to dfect ; to influence. 
Concern onr intemt ; touch oar fiEeliDgs. 

CONCILIATE, ^eondlio, to bring together, L.] to gun i to engage 
by moral influence. 



CONCLUSION, [conclmio, L.J the dose of an argument or debmte. 
Infbrencb, [inf«ro, to derive, L.] a truth or propoaitbn drawn 

from ssother. 
Dkdvction, [deditetio, a leadini; fortli, L.] that which ia drawn 

from premiiea ; a coDaequeace drana. 
A pnctical cDitduun ; a uschil i^erenct ; a oatnxal dedttetion^ 

CONCLUSION, the finul result. 

Sequel, {leqaor, to follow, L.] that which followi. 
Conchaiim, the cloK ; tnptel, the succeeding part. 

Conclusive, {omcUswo, L.] patting an end to debate ; final. 
Decisive, [dfcido, to cut off, L.J having the power of detennm- 

ing any difference. 
CoNviNciNn, [coRtnnco, to Bati^ the mind hy evidence, L.] ca- 
pable of gubdning the oppoiition of the mind. 
CmclMHw reasoaing, argument i ifecutKoplnioD, victor;; MWidiebjproaf. 

CONCORD, [coacorifio, L.] affreement in opinion, viewa, or inte- 
reata ; jnat proportion (tf sound. 
Hakmoxv, ^harmonia. ' > " ■■ 

correspoDdence ; co 
lire tn eoneori with your relations ; maintain harmony in tout fomilT. 
Tlie man who hath not mnslc in liimaelf, 

Ig fit for treasooB.— (SAo*ip<«.) 

"411 discord, fturmoai/ not nnderttood." — (Pope.) 

CONDITION, [eontfitio, L.] estemal circunstaucet. 

Statb, \itata», fixed, L.] circunutancea of a being or thing at 
any g^ven time. 

Station, {staiio, a itanding, L.] rank of life ; position in society. 

Situation, [Htm, L,] location m respect to Bomething else. 

Though his original condifun wag low, he rose hy Industry and virtue to 
a high ifaf ion ; if ule of health ; i (of e of pablic affaira. 

Bliss Is the same in Bnl()ect or in long.— '(PofK.) 
I can be contented with an hombler tituatim in the ton^e of virtue, tiiaa 
to be set on tbe pinnacle. — {Dryiai.) 

CONDUCE, [conrfMco, to lead with, L.] to promote to an end. 

Contribute, [contrtAuo, L.] to bear a part ; to have a share in 
any act or effect. 

Virtue conduct! to happineas ; benevolent sebeiacs tontribate to the welfUw 
of society. 

CONDUCT, [eondaoo, I..] to accompany in order to ahew thewsy. 
Guide, [gvider, F.] to imtmct and urect. 



... 10 the rlgbt path ; had tha 

— Let iateUlgeuce eondatt job, rell^oD guidi 71111, uid let not the 
lore of pleamre tead yi>n astraj, 

CONDUCT, to govern; to give a diiectton to. 
MAKAflB, [mauaer, F.] to control ; to Carry on. 
DiRBCT, [tnrMOiL.ltuorder; topoint out aeourae of proceeding. 
Reodlatk, vrtgo, 1..] to adjust d; rule or method. 

It require! vladom to emuiicf,' atteDtkm to mtatagt; anthorltyta diitet. 
— DirttI moTementB ; refulate coDeenu. IXreet otben ; rtgulalt jronr ova 

CONFER, [emfero, L.] to give ; to grant. 

Bestow, {be and ttme, a place, S.Jto give gratuitoualy ; to im- 

Conftr honors, prhQegea, &e. ; tetfou tavora, blesriagi. 

CONFIDS, [confido, L.] to rely on ; to believe in with 

Trust, [tryietittn, S.] to rely on ; to depend on. 

Cat^ide ta a frleod ; fruf to a nlthfnl Krraat. — We tnat to a penoa'a 
integritjr, and amJUf in hia ablUty. 

CONFINEMENT, [cmySnium, limit, L.J reatraint witliin limits. 
luPRiBONUENT, [emprisonneToml, F.] ttate of being ihut in 

prison; reBtramt of liberty. 
Captivity, [captivitiu, L,] ibverv; aervitude; bondage. 

Coi^bumtHl In any place ; tsipritOTUMiil in a goal ; lakea Into eaplivUg 

whose tcBldmoaj is tomboralcd by otiken. 

CONFLICT, [conftictiu, L.] violsit eollinon ; Strife ; 'wntention. 

Contest, dispute; struggle for victory. 

Combat, [corniot, F,] angbt between two men ; an encounter 
between opposite anniea. 

A aangninary a/nfliet ; a personal emtlal ; a akOfol tombai. 

CONFOUND, [con/undo, to pour timber, L.] to pn^lex ; to 
throw into disorder. 
Confuse, [conftmdo, L:] to blend; to render indistinct. 
Names are entAxiadHl ; ideas are tm^iaei. 

CONFRONT, [con, together, frotu, the fbreliead, L.] to itand in 
direct opposition to another. 
Face, (fames, face, L.] to meet in front ; to oppme withfinnuen. 
fT„i^._. _,. ., . ^u^ danger. 


CMtfroiif vitnesses ; . 


CONFUSION, [coit^MW, L.] tumult ; i»omucaon> uixture. 
DiBOBDBR, [ait uid ordo, L.] irregulBrity ; immethodkitl dia- 

Coi^fiiaio%t irithoilt order ; ditorder, cnt of ordCTp 

CONFUTE, [eoB/Wo, L.] to convict of error; to oTcrthrow. 
Refutb, [re^fo, L.] to overthrow b; erideuce. 

DisPROVB, [du Adpro(o, L.] to prove to befolse 

Oppuon [od, nadpufmo, to fight, L.] to oppose j to attack 

Cimflitt aa argniHnt ; r^Aitc a chute ; diiprOBt a itatemfciit ; oppugit 
pemidoita Dntiona. 

CONJECTURE, \conjectura, L.] an opiuioo formed ou ilight evi- 

SupposiTiOM, [nqppofifio, L.] potition laid down ; hjipothens; 

the act of imajpning what u not proved. 
SuRMiBB, [tarmys, allied, N.] imperfect notion ; auapicion. 

CONJECTURE, to judge by very iligbt evidence. 
GuBBH, [ ofti»s«i, Du^ to judge at random. 
DiviNB, [ifimno, L.] to foretell; topreiaee. 
Wc gaett that it ii lo ; ve naitttmt that it may M >o ; imiiOBttn prcUnd 


CONJUNCTURE, leoKJumctio, L.] a combination of canaes. 

Crisis, [imw, Cb.] the point of time at wbich any aflair comes 

to the height. 
A fkvorable con/Naclure ; an alarming <rltti. 

CONNECT, Uonntdo, L.l to knit or link tc^tber. 

CoMBtHB, [cobMoo, L.T to join together ; to confederate. 

Unite, [utuo, L.] to nuuce one ; to coalesce. 

Cmaucled In tra^ 6j mwrlage, tu. i annks are nmMiKil ; iatereata are 

CONQUER, [co«g«ra, L.] to reduce by phyaiol toree. 
Vaksuish, [cmco, L.] to defeat in any contest. 
Sdbdub, [iuMo, to put under, L.} to bring under permanent 

Overcome, [mwr and eonu,] to get ^e better of. 
SvBvouNT, [iumtonter, F.I to riae above. 

QmqiKr an enemj ; MmfHitt a roe ; nbdut a anmtcy at people ; DKrtaiiw 

iSfficDltiea ; nrmoaiil lAatadn. 

CONQUEROR, one who reduces a eounby to lul^ection. 
TiCTOR, [pictor, L."] one who defeats an enemy m battle. 
Alennder vai the emiqaerw of India. ; Ciea*t was victar at nurwUa. 

CONSCIENTIOUS, [coiMcio, to know, L.] governed by a atrict 
regard to the dietates of conscience. 


Scrupulous, Imnifmlosiu, L.] nicelj doubtful; 

IS i* TciT dmrcnt from a tcngmloia bafiUe. 
CONSIDER, [consideo, to dt by, L.] to think m&turel; ; to view 
Rbflbct, [refiecto, to bend back, L.] to couteniplate the part 
operationB of the mind ; to turn the thoughts upon paM 

CaaMir wdl before jou art, and r^leet deeply on your ne^ect of the 
duties leqaired of yon ai moral and accODStable bdngi. 
CONSIDERATION, mental view; respect in relation to lome- 

Regard, [repard, F.] attention; fovomble notice. 

Have a proper amiideratiim for yooi' inferiors and dependents, and a rt- 
gard for their «el&rc. 

CONSIDERATION, motive of action ; ground of concluding. 
Reabdn, [raison. P.] cause, ground, or principle of any opinion 

a indnce you to reoonnce the Chriatian religion ; and 
of the hope thatk 

"be ready always to give an anewerto every m 
.. . .,._. ,_ , ..^ meekness and ttt 

CONSIGN, [eonaigno, to seal, L.] to trancfer or deliver into the 

possessian of another. 
CoHUiT, [eontmitto, L.] to put iuto the power of another. 
Intrust [m and tryunan, ST] to treat viit Q conQdence i tochaige 

with any secret commission, or thing of value. 


CONSOLE, [coTuohr, L.] to comfort ; to cheer the 

from badness, and to travel bito foreign conntnei, he 
crliia stock i^ goods to bis friend, comtailtcdto him tbemanage- 
buBlnesa, and iatnuled him with the care of his estate. 

CONSONANT, [conwnoM, sounding together, L.] agreeing ; ac- 
cording ; congruoiu. 
Accordant, [accordaitl, F.] corresponding; harmonizing. 
Consistent, [conmlou, fixed, L.] not contradictory ; unitonu; 

One passage of Scripture is rciuoiumf with another ; the events recorded 
in the New Testament are accordant with the pro^iecies in the Old Testa- 
ment ; maintain a contiatent conduct. 

CONSTANCY, [constantia, L.] steadfastness; ktsting 

Stability, [slabUitas, L.] fixedness; strength to stand. 

Stbadinsss, [ stedig, S.] uniform conduct. 

FiRHNEHS, 'ifirrmts, bsjd, L.] resolution ; strength. 

Coiatancy of affection ; stiMiitg of opinion and character ; iCeodn 
the pursuit of an object ; firnmeu of purpose. 


CONSTITUTE, letnutitno, L.] to elect uid empowra. 

Appoint, raRP'n''ore, It.] to fix ( to name; t" 

Depvtb, [deptito, L.j to send with a special 

ConiUlute a iaiier or judge ; oppoiiif * roceeuor ; depute a meaibec from 
the geneial body on pamcalar biuinesa. 

CONSTRAINT, {emilrainte, F.] physical or moral force to ui^ 
to act, or to forbear action. 
CoHPULHioN, [ctmymltio, L.l the application of irresistible force. 

Rbstraint, [reslringo, to holdback, L,] hinderance of willj 
act of withholding ; state of being withheld. 

" Not by eonilravil bnt by chaia, I came."— (Z>nflfcii.) A man is ex- 
cused fOr acta done throng nmqmtatoit. A person acts by anulnaiil, or is 
pre>CDt«d from Mtlug by a rufnnnf. 

CONSULT, Tamtalo, to uk coniuel, L.] to seek opinions and 
advice by mutual statements. 
DBbtBBBATB, [de, down, libra, to weigh, L.] to think in order to 
choice or dedBion ; to pause and consider. 

Two or more raniiiU ; one dtlibavta with himself, or many dtUbtratt. 

CONSUME, [con, and mmo, to take, L.] to spend; to destroy bj 

Dbhtrot, {de, and ttmo, to build, L.] to demolish ; to ruin. 
Wastb, [raceatan, S.] to diminish by gradual dissipation or lots ; 

to expend wantonly. 
CmmaiKi in the BBinea ; aatrai^td by time, use, wear, and tear ; Buletf 
by extiaviigBnce, disease, sorrow. 

[corutmunatio, L,] perfection of a voik or 

ON, [completu*, fViU, L.l Mfilment ; accompliahment. 

IB of wishes j eomplttia* of plans. 
CONTACT, {coatactus, L.) the meeting of two bodies without 

CONTAGION, [cm, and taago, to touch, L.] the emission from 
body to body, by which diseates are communicated. 
Infection, [ii^cto, to thrust in, L.] inything that taints, pm- 
sons, or corrupts. 

Coidagion by contact, the breath, penplrstion, or efflnvlum generated In 
a diseased body ; infeelion by mediums, as the air, clothing, pnuonons at, 
halatlona, &c. 

CONTAGIOUS, can^ht by aoproach. 

Epidbhicai., [epi, upon, a«no«, people, Gr.] a disease that Alls, 
upon great numbers of people at the same time. 


Pestilbntial, IpatU, plaj^e, L.] pfT*pV"g of the oature of 
peitileiicei noxioiu lo hedth. 

Cmfonnu discuc arlut tarn tike actual touch of a diseased penon ; tvi- 
dtmieal diHeaK is produced from the flame caiuH that prodaccd it la other 
persona, as the state of the atnunphere, sraaod, &c. ; petliltnllal is i^died 
to air, wind, 3ic. 

CONTAIN, [con, and tenw, to hold, L.] to have opacity. 

CoMPRiKB, [coniprtino, to hold in, L.I to contain; to include. 

Comprehend, [prei^ndo, to graapi L'] to compiue much; to 
include a great extent. 

Ehbhace, [embraiier, F.] to tftke in; to encircle. 

iNcmuE, [ineludo, to shut in, L.l to take in; toencIOK. 

Tbf EncydoprndlB Britumica is aaiptuid in twent; Tohunes ; it cva^rt- ■ 
iKBda in sdence, tmbraea all snbjeets, coBfoiiu dnindant DsefU nwtter, (od 
ineliuUt every thing of importaoce- 

CONTAIN, to be able to bold. 

Hold, [healdm, S.] to have csfmcity to receive andretain within 

Cvnfiwi is the most p(dite aad Mvper word in all casa, except when rela- 
ting to meaanR or qnaoHtj, and used in the fatnre tease : that cask inll 
hoid tea gallons of Uqnld ; it amlaiiu ten gallons. 

CONTAMINATE, [confamtno, to mix, to spoil, L.] to corrupt by 
base mixture. 

Dbpilb, [6«filan, S.] to vitiate ; to make foul or unclean. 

PoLLCTB, [polluo, to poiion, L.] to impair by mixtures of ill, 
moml or physical. 

Taint, [fin^o, to dye, L.] to infect; to poison ; to disease. 

Corrupt, leorrumpo, to destroy, L.] to vitiate; to deprw^e. 

Impure coaversation coittamiiuita yonth ; the body is d^ltd, the miod 
polluted. " Eril eommnnieaHons rnnvpt good manners." Bevare of being 
tainlfd by tricked example. 

CONTEMN, Iconiemno, L.] to slight ; to neglect as unworthy of 
DsspiSE, [detpicio, to look down, L.] to have the loweit opi- 

Scorn, [yj^oraiow, W.] to hold in extreme contempt. 
Disdain, ^dedtffnor, to count unworthy, L.] 'to consider a* ud- 
- -' - ■■ irregard. 

CONTEMPLATE, [contemplor, L.] to view or consider with con- 

Mkditate, [mtditor, L.l to dnell on any thing in thought. 
Muse, [musnto, to speak low, L.] to ponder; to think closely; 

to study in silence. 
Contenplait the works of the Great Creator ; nmUfate on the ways of 
Providence ; nuut on pudng events. 



CONTEMPTIBlE, [conlmyttMw, L.] north}' of contempt. 

CoMTBUPTUovg, nuuufetting or esptcMmg contempt. 

Dbbpicable, [deapkabUit, L.] vile, meaa- 

PiTiFUL, paltry; meanj imignificant. 

Scornful, with extreme contempt; ituolent. 

DiiDAiNFUL, espreuing dudain ; haughty; indignant. 

A emilanptibh penoii, action, or prododiaD ; a nntenfritunu look, ni 
aprarioii ; d^quoUc KTvUitj; pUfftdutiSa; a >con]fiilm£tr ; adtfd 

But thow I caa aectue, I can fotghe ; 

Bj mj iliHiaiiiriil nlence let Uiein lin.-~(Drydai,) 

CONTEND, {eemtendo, L.] to atru^le in oppoiition ; to ac 

Stbivb, [(treeww, Du.] to labor hard; to make an effmi; to 

endeavor with eaneatneu. 
ViB, [un^aH, to atntin, S.] to ihow or practise in competition. 
Cmfciu fm the priie ; (Mh to excel ; pcnoiw eie with each otticr b show, 
grandeur, rlnlihip, contrat, &«. 

CONTEND, to atni^le in oppodtion. 

CoNTiST, fconfrafer, F.] to alrive eamestl; tor vietOTy. 
DisfCTi, \duptiio, L.] to contend for; to quarrel. 

IndiTidnala cmtend i aatlans conldt ; partia Htpatt. Hen cauiati abcot 
trifla ; ctmtal matterm of importance ; iitpatt cloimi. 

CONTENTION, [amtentio, L] angry conteat ; quurel. 
Strive, discord; atniKle for victory. 
Earione emJotHoii i " »ir^ of tongues." ■ 

CONTENTED, [conf«nItw, L.] easy in mind ; not complaining. 
Satisfied, \sa^, enoueh, /acio, to make, L.] pleased to Buch 
a degree so tlut notnins more is deured. 

Conte»tid m our ttatioiu ; ialta)bd with our pOHauoiu. 

CONTENTMENT, rest or quietnega of the mind in the praseut 

SATtgFAOTioN, \aalisfaelio, L.] that itateof mind which results 

from full gratification of desire. 

The man tlut i« ahnys seeing (or full taht/iMfJoi in ail tUDg« will never 
enjoy the sweets of tnu tontttiiMnl. 

CONTINUAL, [eoHttnuw, L.] incessant ; proceeding without in- 
CONTiNUBD, extended in length ; protracted, 
Pbrprtcal, \_perpttwt3, L.] never ceasing ; permanent. 
Constant, [cmatam, L.] unvaried, nnchanging; uniform, 
Contuaal ndae ; cwifiniuil stream. Cmtaual, without inteiruptlaa ; per- 
peiuat, witiiout termination ; cojutantj not iDtcrmpC^, though It ma; alto^ 
gethitr ccBBe. ConCwiied succession ; perpttuai round ; conslmt aim. 

; the remaining in a 



OuMTiHiiATtoN, [eonfMHHifto, L.]' extouton, or cwrjiiiig on to 

a fuTther point. 
BuRATioN, [ijurafio, L,] power of coutiDiuiice ; lei^h of ex- 

CoNTiMjrrY, [nHih'ninfiM, L.] unintermpted connexion; cloie 

Omiiniuiice of ■ pruticc ; conltnvotjin of a work, of cilatcnct; duraUoK 
otflie vorld; «niluiiit(|r of bodici, In a phyaieal scdk; fignmtlicly, »■• 
fimaijf irf joj- 

CONTINUE, [cob, and tmeo, to hold, L.] to rest in the wine state. 
Hehain, [remaneo, L.] to be left in a paiticulai itite oi place. 
Stav, [yttadu, W.j to abide for anj indefinite time. 
Conlinut in the uinc pracUcc ; muw in the Biune pUec ; tdqi with ni. 

CONTINUE, to be constant in any coune. 

Pbkbbvbre, {^perievero, L.] to punue steadily any design; not 

to give over what is uudert«keii. 
Pbbbist, [pertUto, L.J to continue firm. 
Pursue, f^periegnor, L.] to proceed in; to follow. 
Prohkcutb, [prosejiMW, L.Jto carry on. 

Confiniur Co improve ; ptrmtrt in jmt Mndies ; do not ptniti in cnmr ; 
puraiu good pifuu ; proueute worthy oDdertakingfl. 

CONTRACTED, [cmA-oAo, to draw blether, L.] drawn together 
into a small compasB. 
Confined, limited; bounded. 
Narrow, [n«Kra, S.] small ; of little breadth or extent. 

CaniTaded span ; ctmfiittd liev ; nanwe miiid. Cnntrarttd Mul ; OMuliKd 
edncation ; lurnw drcnmstancCT. 

CONTROTERT, [confroiwrto, to turn against, L.] to overthrow 

Opialans, doctrines. Sic. are ctntmaitdi (acts are dUputei. 

CONTUMACY, [conlumaeio, a swelling against, L.] perrerseneis ; 
inflexibility! disobedience. 
RsBBLLtoN, [rebfUo, to make war again,* L.] resistance against 

tbe authority of goTemment. 
They had at ditferent times Ahonn a cmlumacy of dispo^tion which at 
Inst broke out in open rtbtiiion. 

CONVENIENT, [coBcentoM, coming blether, L.] proper, well 
Suitable, [miorc, to follovr. P.] accn^jng with t becoming. 
Ccnvmitnt opportonity \ oiitdble address. 

a revolt ag^nst their 


88 coNVKKSANT — copy. 

CONVERSANT, [cm., and eertor, to be turned, h.] acquainted by 
FAMibiAB, [fanUliarii, L.] iuttmately acqiuunted. 

1 am certBiiil;r comertant In mGjeets of thia kind, bnt 1 un not /amiliar 
njththem. C«nKrtaiit witb tbcbnt dowlcal writers ; /amiliar vidi Oi 

CONVERSATION, [cntiiersatio, L.] iamjliar discoune; mutnal 

DiALoouE, [ifialojro*. Or.] a written converaation between two 

CoHFBBSNCE, [coH, and/rro, to declare, L.] fonnal diacoune; 
oral diBciudoa of lome teiious or important (ubject. 

CoLLoauv, [colloquium, L.] unreBlrained discourae ; easy talk. 

Disco UEB K, [dwcurro, to ramble, L.J a diBsertation, cither writ- 
ten or uttered ; interchange of thought and opinion. 

Chat, [IxietleTeH, to chatter, Du.] idle or familiar talk. 

Tale, [tolker. to explain, D.] fluent and femiliar speech, 

Cotnmaliim od gcDeral ent^ecta, oceaalonal tonBtriatiiHi ,• the dialomia nf 
Clcen) ; conference of minlHterB ; a diTioe colloquy ; a dacourte 
topic ; aabject of dittourn ; pleaaaat chat i " should a man 
Jnitiaed;" (Job.) 

CONVERT, [con, and verto, to turn, L.] a penoo converted from 
one opinion to another ; one who ia tamed itom sin to holi- 

me religious creed. 


CONVICTION, [con, and vinco, to vanquiib, L.l the act of com- 
pelling one to admit the truth of what is alleged. 
Fbbhitasion, Ipermamo, L.] the act of influencing bf expostu- 
lation, reasoning, or anytning that moves the passioiia or in- 
clines the will. 

CinincAni inqilies eertaiat; ; permaiion probabilitjr ; the coHvieUim <rfcou- 
adCDM ; the aits of fine penuaiiim, 

CONVIVUL, [cOBBica, a gueat, L.] relating to an entertainment ; 
festal, jovial. 
Social, [socita, a, companion, L.] relating to general or public 

interest ; relating to society. 
Coandol meetJDg, board, apirit; lacial intircourae, hopiriiieBa, duties. 

COOL, [col, S.] somewhat cold ; indifferent. 

Cold, [cald, S.] chill ; not friendly or afl'ecdonate. 

Frioid, [/Hjims, ftozen, L.l wanting warmth ; stiff; unfeelii^. 

Caoi reception ; cold eubraee ; fiigid aenainent. Cool behavloi ; cold- 
hearted ; frigid temper or eonstltutioD. 

COPY, [copy, likeness. Arm.] to write, print, or draw after a pattern. 


Tkanbcribi, [tram*enbo, to writa over, L.] to write oreragun, 
or in tlie tame word*. 

Copn from the origiiial j troMtribt from a copy. 

COPY, the initatioii or likeneii of any object. 

MoDBL, [ritoduhu, L.] a forai in nuniature of •omething to be 

made on a, laiger scale. 
Pattern, {^patrotm, Du.] that which ii to be imitated either in 

things or actions ; a sample. 
SpKCiiiEM, [specimen, L,1 a small portion of any thinr exhibited 

in order to show the kind and quslin of the whole. 
Cofiji ota mitingri or picture; model of a builong, ship, bridge; palltm 
to work by, to (idlow; pattern at doth ; patlmi of nctltodc ; ipKiiiwa of a 
man's hand wrltiiig ; ^leintii of one'i art or lUlL 

COQUETTE, [cotfuetle, P.] a vain tiiflina; girl who endeavors (o 
attract admiration and advance! in uive. 
Ji LT, a woman who gives her lover hope*, and cspricioiulj disap- 
points him. 

A vaiD coqvtttl; a «lcked>iU. 

CORNER, Icornel, • projection, W.] properly, the external point 
where two lines meet ; also, the space between two walls 
that meet, or a^ enclosed place. 
ANOi.E,[an^tM, L.J the space comprised between two convei^ 

ing straight lines meetmg or intersecting each other. 
The comer of two itneta ; aconurof the room i a accret corner; an ob- 
tnae, acute, or right imjk, 

CORPORAL, [corporaJw, L-l relating to the bo^. 
Corporeal, [eorportut, X.] having a material body; not 

Bodily, [bodig, stature, S.] belonging to the body. 
Hatbrial, [mattria, matter, L.| consisting of matter. 

Corpan^ pnniBbmeiit, psfai ) COTTonoI (Onn, frame i bodily atrength, appe- 
tite, defects ; material nbstaiice. 

CORPULENT, Icorpulentus, L.] excessively (at ; bulky. 
Stout, [itout, Du.] strong; fleshy; bold. 

CORRECTION, [_eomelio, L.] chastisement; i 

rectify the moral conduct. 
Discipline, [disciplina, L.l instraetion and g 
PuNiBRMBNT, [pintifio, L.J Hny infliction (U 

account of a crime or offence. 
CorrMfion of a child ; ilbripIuieDf a idiool, army. Sec. 



C0BRB8P0NDENT, [co*, and Te*pondM. to auiwer, L.] ad^ited 
to ; iu coufonniW with. 
Akswerabli, [mubvonoH, to ftffinn a^aiiut, S.] equal; pHH 

SoiTABLB, [simre,Ut follow, F.] fitting; accordiiigwitii} agree- 

able to. 
CorrapaiidtiU in form, color, &c.i mutiwnitlt to the attcatlan, desifn, 
dpecUHon, &c. ; nttoijc for the pnrpaic. 

COST, ^kott, D.] the amouot piiid for anything puichased. 

ExPBNSs, [enjientina, L.] money diabuned m payment. 

PmcB, {_pretiiim, L.] equivalent given for an article. 

Cbakoi, [charge, b'.] the price act upon goods, aometimea 
without reference to their value. 

It waa accODipluhed at a caaHdcnble aal ; totit of a anit ; be deftayed 
the exfcmt ; the priee of au article ; an exDrbitont <liarge. 

COVER, [cowrir, F.] to shelter ; to apiead aomething over. 
IliDc, [AydfM, S.] to withdraw 6om light or fcoowledge. 
Cavtr for secuii^ or pnitcctlaa ; ludt fat concealment. 

COVER, a concealment ; a veil. 

Smbltbr, [skiut, D.J that which defends from any external in- 
jury or violence. 
SCBBEN, [cffmn, to lepBrate, L.] any thing that cuti off fr«Bi 

inconvenience or danger. 
A emr for disgrace ; a tktUrr from a ttorm ; a teree* ftom puniihment. 

COVERING, anything spread or laid over ; clothing. 

Inteoumbnt, \yiUegumentma, coveriog, L.] a natural covering, 
as the skin or a memhrane. 

" Noah remoTcd the twrritig of the ark." He second coat of the nntnieg 
is an MtgumaU which farms the fragrant and aromatic epice we call mace. 

COUNTENANCE, ieonteiLanee. bok, F.] to encourage; to pa- 

Sanction, [tancto, to make aacred, L.] to confirm ; to give 

validiU or authority to. 
Support, [to6, and jjorto, to carry, L.] to sustain ; to uphold. 
Cmntflunce worthy persona ; aucfion just measures ; tapporl a good caaac, 

, [poiUerTmeia, L.J a &nner or buabandmau ; a 

Pkabant, \_payaan, F.] one whose business isrural labor. 
Swain, [ncnn, a youth, S.J a country servant j a herdsman. 
Hind, \Jtim, S,] a husfatukdimm's servant. 
Rustic, [m*, the country, L.] an inhabitant of the countiy j a 

person of unpolished manners. 
Clown, [colonus, a husbaadnum, L.] a man of coarse manners. 
Ad honest etmntryman \ an obscure pwnmt ; a mnii juon ; a laboring 
Mud; "Ihegaibignuftr;" an ignorant ctomi, 

: t.lK.,lc 

1 — CRIMINAL. 91 

COUPLE, [eopuia, L.] two of tde wme ipedei. 
Bracb, two of the tune kiad. 

Pais, [par, L.] two tiungs niited to each other, or applied to 
the same purpote. 

A CMpK of docka; a bnwtof pheaiaati; apair of lolea. A loving cnyh .- 
a happy pair i pair of gloia, Sic. 

COURAGE, [cor, the heart, L.] that quality of mind which en- 
ables men to encoonter daneer with fimmeai. 

ToRTiTUDE, tfortitudo, atresgtn, L,] (treogtb and patience to 
eudiure su&riug. 

Rebolution, [resohUio, L.] fixed purpose or detenmnation of 

Bravbrt, feBfleimen of danger; undaunted spirit. 

Talor, [oaZor, L.] personal hravery j strength of mind withre- 

gtird to dinger. 
Intrepidity, [iitlrqndtui, not trembling, L.] the quali^ of not 

shrinking from duiger. 

Courage it on sctiTe, fartiixde a pas^TC, Tirtoe. FertitiuU li the so 

of gemdne conntge. RaabUiini Impliei stendlnas and consUocr to exn. 

BroBfry asnuilj unites the IGnSB of cooragc with dignity and generosity of 

le coiuage. iiaalnfiaii implies steadlnas and consUncy to execute 
^ osnsUy nnites tlie BenSB of cooragc with dignity and generosity of 
Valor is the highest degree of conrsge. latnpidity eon&ts in eooliy 

COWARD, [couard, F.] a person who has no courage to meet 
Poltroon, [poItroB, F.] adattardj a wretch without spirit. 

Tlie cmnard is anwUling to tice danger ; ttie palfrwrn will buely SToid It. 

CREDIT, [creiHtmn, L.] reputation derived from the confidence at 
good opinion of others. 

Favor, [/onor, L.] kindness; kindr^ard. 

T r-..a _ a .-.._ '^ j^_^ jjjj^ 

, [influms, a flowing in, L.J mond power ; power of 
directing or modifying. 
CrtdU is gained by honorable eiertion ; finor freanently by meao arts ; 
use yoDT H/lKcnce in tiie^TomotlaD of virtne and happfiieas. 

CRIME, [crimen, LJ an act which violate* a law human or divine. 
Vice, [riitium, h.J the course of conduct opponte to virtue ; an 

act which deviates from the rules of monl rectitude. 
Sin, [sya, S.] transgression of the law of God, 
MiBDEMEANOR,an offence of a less atrodonsnatOK than a crime. 

Commit no erinui sgainsC society ; Indnlge not penonal n« ,- bewsre of 
lini against Ood ; a nunlciniaiun- is a minor crinu. 

CRIMINAL, partaking of the nature of a crime. 
GuiLTT, iffyltiS' S-j wicked, corrupt, siafiil. 

<VMaat BcOon ; guUty persoD. 

CRIMINAL, a person who has committed a criRie. 

Culprit, [supposed to be contracted from etilpable, and prit, 
taken, F.] a man arraigned before his judge. 

, t;ix,.,ic 


Halifactok, [mole, evil, factor, doer, L.] an offender agalnit 

die law. 
Fblon, [feto, L.] one who has committed a crime punishable 

with death. 
Convict, \convietmn, L.] a peraon proved guil^. 
CWHtKol is an otfendcr in general ; nlpnt at the bar ; on bvU mol^acfor t 
a common yelcm ; a ffHiricJ under sentence. 

CRITERION, \knterion, Gr.] a mark by which any thing is judged 

o^ with regard to its goodnesa or badneu, truth or falsehood. 

Standard, [ttomf, and ard, kind or sort,] that which has been 

tried hv the proper test ; that which is estabhshed as a mle 

Atiae erittriim! a joat itaniard; DCmorthenes is a Mtandard of oratorr. 

CROOKED, {irogtt, D.] bent; not straight; CDrreil. 
DtPOBMBD, [il^ormu, L.] distorted i wanting natural symmetiy. 
HuHP-BACKBD, \(niAo, bump, L.] having a protuberance on the 

Cmoked tree ; di^ormtd In sha{K ; hmp-backtd by ■ local exnbcnnce. 

CROSS, [erwter, F.] to counteract; to interfere with. 

TawAKT, [wrto, to turn, L.] lo IruBtrate. 

Obbtbuct, \obttrw), to stop the way, L.] to interpose an ob- 
stacle ; an impediment. 

Embarrasb, [emJiimufer, F.] to perplex; to make intricate. 

HiNOKR, [Aindrian, S.] to stop ; to intemipt. 

We cnut pnrpows. priad^et ; Ihiairl intentions, inclinntionB ; ebitntt 
the %ht, an entrance ; nniorroM acconut*, business, ideas ; JUaifer enjojp- 
ments, improrement. 

CRUEL, [ervdeU*, L.] dispoaed to g^ve pain to others. 

Inhuman, [tnAumoniu, L.J destitute of the kindness and ten- 
derness that belong to a human being. 

Babbarous, [barbarM, L.l uncivilized ; ferociouB. 

Brutal, r6ruiiu,seiiaeleaB,L.] pertaining to a brute; insensible. 

Savaoe, [fOMiajre, F.] untamed; fierce; wild. 

Hardhearted, [heard, firm, htori, heart, S.] inexorable; piti- 
less; unfeeling. 

Unmerciful, severe ; not disposed to spare or fo^ive. 

Mercilebb, destitute of mercy; pitiless. 

Cnul disposition, or ndion ; in&tiinan pimctice ; borbaHmt enstom, de«d ; 
Antfol notnrc, eomage, temper ; Mooagt spirit, life, mnnnen ; harSltatrtti 
villain ; entei murdoer, victor, robber ; <amereifiii creditor ; mercilat t]- 

CRY, [erter, F.] to lament with tears. 

Weep, [wepan, S.] to shed tears; to bewail; to bemoan. 

Chlldien uid weak people audibly cry ; the wise and good somedmcs si- 
lently H«p. 
CRY, to otter a loud sound in distress. 


ScBBAH, [krwnunt, S/j 
Sbbibe, ykriger, T 

The pain at Brat made him ay .- but it Increued vitli such rapidity that 
he could not forbear lereaming aloud ; and at length liaing into on agony, 
he uttered the most Tiolent Mkridti. 

CULPABLE, [ci^, a bult, L.] nufnl ; crimmal ; guilty. 

Blamable, [6£]n»«r, to find fault with, F.]deaerviiig(^cerHure; 

Ciilpabie iDBttentkn ; Tohmtair igaoranee li ailpabU / all extreme! are 

CULTIVATION, [rolo, to tUl, or to dweU, L.] application of the 
meani of improvement. 
Culture, [cuUara, L.} study; care and practice directed tocor- 

rection and improvement. 
Civilization, [cikm, a citizen, L.] the itate of being reclaimed 
from savage life and mannera, and inatructed in learning and 
the arts. 
Refinement, improvement in elegance or purity. 
Cuitvjaiioa of thoughts, talentA, leanung, Brts, &c. ; culture of the mind, 
virtue, piet;, &e. 1 ctnluiaf ion of natioiiB ; rejliuiunl of manneiB, of reason. 
ing, (rf philMopby. 

CULTIVATION, the art or practice of improving eoils, and fbr- 
wardii^ or melionUing vceetahle«. 
TiLi^QE, [tUiaa, to toil, S.] the operation or art of preparing 

land for seed. 
HusBANDKY, [AiM, housc, and baend, a brmer, S.J the busines* 

of a farmer. 

CuItiBatioB eipressea the gtiural process ; liilage only a part : Sasbundrs 

exprcBsea more than the latter tenn, lesa than the former. Tiilagt prepares 

the groond for the seed i Inabaitdty comprehends urlcultnre, the rearing of 

cst£ and other animals, the management of the d^y snd wluttever the land 

CUNNING, [cannin^e, S.] artful; skilful; ingenious. 

Crafty, [crieft, art, S.J artful; fraudulent. 

Subtle, isablUis, L.] desiRning; iusinuBtiog; acute. 

Sly, [sJuiJ;, underhand, D.J meanly artful ; secretly ituidious. 

Wily, [vnle, S.] fiill of stratagem ; deceitful. 
A oaning child, man, wonuin, or tnnte ; a erqfly polldcian ; a itAIlt dls> 
pBtaut ; a sly deceiver ; a icily enemy. A aiji look ; a unlg disposition. 

CURE, fcuro, L.] to rertore to health ; t4> remove an evU. 
Heal, \TuBlan, S.^ to restore to sounduets. 
Remedy, [remedtor, to heal, L,l to repair ; to lemove mischief. 
Cure a disease ; heal a wound ; remea;/ a grievaoce. 

CURE, [euro, L.] a restoration ; a heeling. 


Hrmbdy, {remtdivm, L.] a medicine hy which an; illneM i 

Cure perfonned ; remtdif procured. The pbymdoDs accomplisbed a cure b 

CURIOUS, [curiosut, L.] strongly desirous to see what is aoTel or 
to discover what is unknowii. 

iNauisiTivE, [ingmsitiu, L.] addicted to inquiry. 

Prvinu, imperdnentl; curious; soutiiuunK' 

A furidbd person obtains knDirled^ by tbe use of his ovn povera ; an m- 
^uinlwe one by (luesdoniug ottaers; a pryinp dispouUoa is characteristiG o( 

CURSORY, [cttrsorww. L.l m 

Hastt, [kaHf, F.] quick i a 

Slight, [siej(, Du.t neglige- , _ . 

Dbsultorv, [de and satia, to leap, L.] moving from a 
to another ; unsettled. 

Cvrtory coDversation, &£. ^ hasty answer ; iligfit view ; cursor^ 
an regnlar ajiil connected ; dcsiillvry ones are iuuuethodical. 

Practicb, [jwu/ifue,!'.] frequent or customan action. 

Pbbbcription, [pra/crifro, to write before, L.] inunemorial 
use and enjoyment. 

UsAGB, [luage, F.} long continued use. 

Practice a good cualom till it becomes a cooflnotd habit. A regular rot- 
font ; a Tarying/uKion ; oationa! manneri ; beware of bad praclictt. It was 
bis frequent fracHce to view the heavens by night. Babil is the efltet of 
pracHcr. Cugtom is a local usage. Prescription la a personal utage^ 

CYNICAL, [hum, a dog, Gr.J having the qualities of a surl; dc^. 
Snappish, [saappen, to snatch, Du.] sharp in reply. 
SnaklIno, Tmor, Du.] grumbling angrily. 
Tauntino, [tancer, to chide, F.] severely reproachful. 
" ^- - " -^ ""Itterlys *■ ■■■' 

reply, expressiaD. 

LrAlLl, yaagltc, s.J every day ; very often. 

Diurnal, [lAiiniM, L.J performed in a day ; relating to a di^'. 

" Doily bread?' JDoily duties. i>ainia( motion of thi euth. fiiimal bc«t. 

DAINTY, Idtns, tooth, L.] that which is exquisitely delicious. 


DBI.iCACy, [delecto, to delight, L.] that which is pfeuint to the 

He feasls on dainlui, and pncaita all the delicaeia of the Muon. 

DANGER, [danger. Arm.] liability to injury, pain, death, &c. 
Pbbil, [pn-iculum, L.J particulai' expoaure of penou or pro- 

petty to loss or destructiDn. 
Hazard, [katard. P.] chance of low. 
Risk, {risque, F.] chance of ham. 
Vrnturb, [ventuna, L.] the riikingof Bomethingupon an event 

nhich can not be foreseen. 
We are eiposed to dangtra in every walk of llfi ; prrilt h j sea and land ; 
there Is haxard in specnlation ; he niDs a great riik ; make no raah vaUura. 

DARK, [decrrc, S.] unenlightened ; not easily understood. 

Obscure, [obscuras, l!] gloomy ; not obvioualy intelligible. 

Dim, [dint, S.j not seeing clearly j imperfectly seen. 

Mybtesious, [mysleriura, secret, L.J hidden from human un- 
derstanding ; anfully obscure. 

What is dnrit is Udden from view ; wliat is siicur; is difficult to percriTC ; 
the eyes become dim with age ; a dim prgspect ; dJirli spndies, va;a, &c. ; 
mytterioia afeir, eondncl ; the ways of God are often mj/Ueritna. 

DARKNESS, absence of light or knowledge. 

Obbcurity, [obscuritas, L.] darkness of meaningi uuDtelU- 

Mbd lore darlmeia rather than light ; obsairitg of a passage in writing. 

DEADLY, that may occasion death ; implacable. 
Mortal, haortalis, L.] causing death. 

Fatal, ifatalis, L.] inevitable ; causing destruction or death. 
Deadly poison, hatred ; mortal vouod ; /ofot blow, event, disease. 

DEAL, [dal, a division, S.] an indefloite quantity, degree, or 

Quantity, [quantitas, L.] a mass or collection of matter. 
Portion, [portio, a diTision, L.] a part assigned. 

A deal of bnmess ; (uonK/y of earth, com, Hmber ; portion of food, labor ; 
marriage purfton. 

DEATH, [death, S.] the extinction of life. 

Dbpartdrb, [de, and partio, to divide, L.] the act of leaviug 
the present state of esiatence. 

Deceabb, [deces^iis, L.] removal from this life. 

Demise, [demitto, to lay down, L.] death of a royal person. 

As dtaih 'a the lot.of all men, we should prepare for our departure from 
the world ; he suaseded to the estate on the decriat of his father ; the dt- 
intie of the Ung. 

DEBATE, [dtibattre, F.] to rtrive to maintain a eause by 


Delibbratb, [de, and Mro, to neigh, L.] to eitimat« the foi«e 
of Mvumenta, or the probable conieqaencea of a meaBure. 

Dtbatt cooU) ; dilibtratt matunly. 

DEBILITY, Idebilitas, L.] weaknessi feeblenew; languor. 

Infirmity, [tnjirmitiW, L.] an wwound or unhealthy »t»te of 
the body. 

DEBT, {debitura, contnurted, L.] that which one man owes to 
Dub, [di, F.] that which belonga to, or may be ju«tly clauned. 
Pa.j» dibi! gtn onto evci; man hi< dut. RcTennceli due to (b Creator, 

DECAY, [de. and cado, to fall, L.] gradual failure of heJth, 

' strength, soundness, or any state of excellence. 
Decline, [decUno, to bend down, L.] a tendency to a fvorae 

state; diminution; falling off. 
Consumption, [consumptio, L.jthe state ofwastingorperiihing. 
Dfcay of old age, of virtue, of patriolum ; decline of beBlth, leanuD^, 
maDUfactures ; lie died of a conmmplion. 

DECEIVE, idedpio, to ensnare, L.] tocauK to err; to mialead 
the mind. 

Dbludb, \deiuda, L.] to beguile; to cheat. 

Impose upon, [importo, L.J to cheat; to mislead by a trick. 

Dettieii by false imprearions ; itluikd by Mae hopes \ impotei ypim by 
false rcpruentationa. 

DECEIVER, one that leads another into error; a cheat. 

Imfostoji, [inamitor, L.] one who assumes a character for the 
purpose of deceiition. 

A dicdcer practises on iudiridnals ; an impoilor on the public. 

DECENCY, Idecec.tahe fit, L.] that which is becoming ; modeaty ; 
Decorum, [deceo, L.] seemlineas; proper formali^; becoming 

Dtttiiey of eondoct, of speecli, of religknis worship ; dtcoram of bebavior- 

DECIDE, [decido, to cut off, L.] to fix the erent of; to form a 

definite opinion. 
Detebminu, [delermino, L,] to settle; to fix ultimately. 
Conclude upon, [coiKhdo, L.] to close an argument ; to 

make a final judgement. 
The judge dtcida on the law, the jury dttirmine on the veidiet ; cneliMk 
Mpen the subject nith dellberatjoa and judgtment. 

DECIDED, fixed; unequivocal. 
Determined, manifesting a firm reaolution. 


DBCiatON — DHCI,A11G. 9] 

Resolute, [reaolv, F.] haTing a Sxed purpoae; conibutt u 

puTBuiiig an objef " 

He possessed a dendtd ct 
nunfii commADder, uid a raehUi hnOp He took a deridid part in tiie t£hit, 
and adopted d^euiFr measorei. 

DECISION, [decuio, L.] final opinion ; detenninatiou of a diflbr- 

JuDOXMENT, Ijugeraent, F.] determination of the nundj the 

doom pronounced in any came, 
Sbktencr, [tattenee, F.] the deduation of judgement againit a 

convicted criminal, or civil offender. 

A dnutoB of the cassi tiitjadsaunlofaiecaait ; tbe imiflwe. of the lav. 
— BevBR irf hast; dttuiom ; b« not severe ia /ulgtmnit ,- pais an impartjal 

DECLAIM, \_de, and elamo, to cry out, L.] to hanngue; to speak 
to the pauious ; to make a formal oration. 
Invbigb, [inveio. Hi throw againat, L.] to utter censure or re- 

Men dr-clnn agtduBt public characters and mBasoies ; they \iaagh against 
prhate iodindnals. 

DECLARE, IAkUto, to make clear, L.] to usert; to communi- 
cate plainly to others by words. 

Publish, [puolico, L.] to make generally and openly known. 

Proclaim, [procfamo, to ay out, L.] to announce officially. 

EXPRBSS, [exprtrno, L.] to represent oy spoken words or written 

Signify, f»i)?ni/i«i, to make a sign, L.] to make known by some 
token or sign. 

Testift, [fesfts, witness, and /octo, to make, L.] to give evi- 
dence of: to bear witness. 

Utter, to pronounce ; to express vocally. 

Discover, [liccounrir, F.] to lay open to the view. 

Manifest, Sj&aa^esta, to make plain, L.] to make obvious ; to 
exhibit to the view. 

DiBCLosB, {disslado, L.] to make known in any way. 

Promulgate, [promufjro, L.J to make known by open declara- 
tion ; to teach publicly. 

DivuLOE, \dis, and valgo, to make public, L.] to make known 
Bomethmg concealed. 

Rbvbal, [r«, and ceb, to veil, L.] to lay open ; to disclose a 

TelI', [fdlan, to count, $.] to communicate to others. 
Profess, [ jirq/i(por, to own, L.] to make show of any senti- 
ment; to avow openly. 
He iechati ttie feet, puibsAed the drcnmataoces, snd pratUamei it to the 
-wprid. — Exprtn passions, feelings ; deelart seatimeats, o)nnions ; ligt^ 


; leitify Kgaid ; utter with the lipa ; nKtr no improper 

'■ ' "o him; tniai^attd d«»riy i deelarid op^y. — 

.t ... ir^.i . ^1^^ hi^loiy; prvmv]gate doc- 
mnea, principles, msiima ; aicuisre cnine* ; rteeal a »ecret, mystery j Ittt a 
story, tale ; tell for loformstloii. — PT<tfri3 the Ctuistiui religion ; declare 
your profasion, and your foitii. 

DECREE, [decretum, judgement, L.J a, jadiciBl dedsion. 
Edict, [edictum, a proclAEnation, L.l a. HiTereign,ordiiiBnce. 
Proclamatioi ■" ■ ■■-■>■■■■ 
The dtera of the b 

DEDICATE, [dedico, to appoint, L.] to recommend to the &• 
TOr of another ; to set apart for a spedal purpose. 

Devote, [de, and voveo, to vow, L.} to Kite up wholly. 

CoNBECBATB, [cimsecro, to make sacred, £.] to appropriate to 
sacred aaea ; to dedicate to the service of G(m1. 

Hallow, [haiigim,to moke holy, S,] to reverence; to houor 

Ad BDtbor itdieiitta hla work to his patron ; the benevolent man dewfa 
bis time, Ulenta, and wealth, to tbe eood of the public; coniferate aehtunk; 
hallovitd days ; AaUeuied groDod. " Bailoatd be thy name." 

DEDUCT, \deduco, to lead from, L.] to take away; to separate 

Subtract, \jnibtraho, to draw from, L.] to withdraw a part 

from tbe whole in calculatiiiK' 
Diduct the money reeelved, uid see what remains dne ; nbtracl it from 
tlie wlioie amoont. 

DEED, \_dted, that which is done, 6.] anjthing acted or performed. 
Exploit, \esploit, dispatch, N.] a succeaAil attempt; a he- 
roic act. 
AcHiBVEMBNT, [acAmer, to finish, F.] the perfbnuauce of an 

BctioD ; the accomplishment of a design. 
Fbat, [factuTH, act, L.] an act of strength or skill. 
A uoblB or ignoble ieid ,- the aj^oils at Caesar j an extraordinary atkiat- 
iitent ; feats of prowess, of tumemanship. 

DEFACE, [defacio, to undo, L.] to destroy; to raze. 

DiBFIOURE, to chai^ any thmg to a worse form or ihape. 

Deform, [dtformo, L.] to injure the form; to make ugly. 
A thing Is i^aced by its sarface being injaied or destroyed ; iuf^ured by 
tlie loss 3 any part ; dyonatd by being made Improperly, contrary to natu- 
ral symmetry. 

DEFAMATION, [A, and fama, fame, L.] calumny ; sUnder ; &1k 
imputation of crime. 
Db-traction, {detractio, L.] the impairing or leasening the 

merit of another. 
D^amatiaa by folse reports ; dtlracliim from deserved good fame. 

DEFEAT, Idefaire, F.] to beat; to vanquish. 


OvBRPOWBR, [ocvr, aai pomerf'] to yanqviah by force; to op- 
press hj superiority. 
RovT, [nimpo, to break, L.] to break the ranks of troops, and 

put them to flight in disorder. 
OvBBTHRow, to subvert; to destroy. 
Baffle, [befltr, to mock, to laugh at, F.] to elude or defeat by 

Disconcert, [du, and concerto, to strive together, L.J to im- 

«ettle; to intermpt a scheme or plan. 
Confound, [coH/anao, L.] to dismay ; to throw into disorder 

FoiK [°/oI>e, crippled, N.] to render an attempt vain or nngatory. 
DiHAPPOiNT, [dis, andappofiKffl-, tofts, F.] to defeat of expecta- 
tion, intention, hope, or desire. 
Frustrate, tfrustro, to break, L.] to render of no effect. 
Tbc armyiras defeattd, being OBerpoiwredby numbera, and comptetely 
oeertfttoiai. Tlie troops, wautii^ Gmuieu, were pat to tin rcul. Our plans 
were baffled^ not d^eated ; only daeoncertedj not eonfatntdrd. Dtftattd iix 
tbe plan ; fiiUd in eiecntiDn ; aisappomtti in our wishes ; fnatraled in our 

DEFECT, Idefeetua, L.] faihi^ ; want ; absence of something moral 
or physical. 

Imperfection, \imperfecHo, L.] the want of something neces- 
sary to perfection. 

Fault, \_faulte, O. F.] a slight offence, or error ; a blemish. 

Drftit of character ; inprtfection of human nature ; Jaalt at tht worknten. 

DEFECTION, [rfefecfto, L.] a fWling away ; failure of duty. 
Revolt, [revolts, F.] desertion ; renunciation of allegiance. 

Dtfeetitin from a cause ; renoU against goTerament. 

DEFECTIVE, Idefeciivas, L.] wanting in substance or moral 
qualities ; imperfect. 
Deficient, [deficiens, L.] failing ; insufficient; falling abort, 
D^atine in beauty, utility, &c. ; deficient, in not having all its parts ; 

Stfectk* right ; deficient account. 

DEFEND, [d^endo, to strike, L.] to protect by opposition or re- 

Pbotect, \_pro, and tego, to cover, L.] to shield from evil ; to 

preserve in safety. 
Vindicate, [vindico, L.] to justify ; to maintain aeause. 
Defend those who are in danger ; prolerl the weak ; vindieale thoee who 
are unjustly accused. 

DEFEND, [defendo, L,] to secure against danger or violence. 
Guard, [^arder, F.l to secure against injury or loss. 
Watch, \yuecan, S.] to be vigilant. 

Dtfend youraelf from an attack ; jreord a prisooer ; match tor a tturf. — 
Modesty gourds the virtue of females ; clothing d^nda us frnm the cold ; 
waleh fbr an opportunity. 



Dbfbnobb, one t 

The df/oulaat engaged an &ble coniisellor to fie hti dtftnder. 

DEFENDER, an usertori a vindicator. 
Advocatk, [advocattis, L.} he that m^taini the cause of ano- 
ther in a court of judicature. 
Pleader, Iplaidrur, F.] one who argues in a court of justice. 
A atrenooiLB dander ; an abl^ advocate ; a poverfbl pUader. 

DEFENSIBI-E, that which may be defended. 
DuFEKSivB, ^per for defence ; resisting attack. 

DEFINITION, [definilto, L.] a short description of a thing by its 
Explanation, [explanatio, L.] interpret&tiou; exporition. 

A condae d^nitioH ; aa ample cxplanoHa*. 

DEFORMED, [d^omiw, L.] not well [iroportioned. 

UoLV, \hagyr, W.] offensive to the s^ht ; contrary t4) beauty. 
HiDBOVH, \hideiix, F.] horrible ; shocking to the eye. 
Frightful, [frihtan, to frighten, S.] exciting alann ; impress- 
ing terror. 
D^onaei shape ; vgly f»ct ; AtdtDiH ^ht ; frigliffai dreama. 

DEGRADE, [de, down, gradus, a step, L.] to diminish the value 
□f; to bring down. 

DiBORACB, [disgracier, F.} to bring to shame. 

He degraded huoaelf by hia falaehood ana iDainceTity ; and diagramed him- 
self by his immoralitlea. 

DEITY. Ueitai, W] the Supreme Being ; the nature and essence 
of God. 
Divinity, [dictnitoj, L.] participatian of the nature and'excel- 

lence of God ; godhead ; the science of divine things. 
Drill) ia appU(d to the tnie God. and alao to hbnloiu one* ; we aay the 
Beily, or heathen deilia. The word dmnitu b ^mllarly applied. Ilie stody 
of diainilti ; a system at dtdnily. 

DEJECTED, Idtjectns, cast down, L.] sorrowful; afflicted. 

DuLi., Idwl, W,] sad, not lively ; inanimate. 

Low-SpiHtTBD, sad; gloomy; depressed. 

Uelancholy, [melancoliqve, F.] brf>itually dejected. 

Dtjected b sad from apprehensloD ; daH is stnpid, heaiy ; to«.ifiriltd 
from bodily inOrmity ; mtianchaly from diaappoiatmeut or Borrow. 

DEJECTION, [rfef'ecfio, L.] a state of aadness. 

Dbfrbssion, {dtprtsao, L.] a unking or prostration of spirits. 

Melancholy, [mielanchoHa, L.] a gloomy state of mind. 

Hia miafortmiea accasioned a dtpnaim of mind ; nfCerwards he becamo 
subject to frequent dfjeclioni ; and at length settled in an ioearable adaacktls. 



_ , o lend, L.] (.commiwioner appointed 

.r another. 

Dbputv, {depulattu, L.] one that tiuniacti biuineu for another. 
He appoiiited a dijniis in hu almncc ; dtlegaia mn Kot to negodate Ibe 

DELICATE, [delicatus, deligbtful, L.] exquuite ; nice in percep- 
tion of nbat ia agreeslile. 
FiNB, \Sa, F.I subtile; tMn; slender. 
MiCB, [nefc, ST] requiring Bcrupoloui eiactneii. 
DeHeatt touch, feeliags ; fiu thnaA, atrDke, color ; nut taitc, point, 

DELIGHT, IdeUcia, higb degree of aatis&ction. 

Pleasube, [pkdiir, F.^ gratification of the mind or aeniea. 

Joy, [_joie, F.] the pasuon produced by the acquiiitiDn or ex- 
pectation of good ; gladness ; exultation. 

Charh, [carmen, a song, L.] that which baa power to gain the 

DtUghl andjos are eiqtdiite and ardent, bat joy is Bndden and transient, 
detigM more permancDt ; pitanrt it calm aiid moderate ; tluma is hdgfatened 

DELIGHTFUL, aff<H^ing great aatiafoction. 

Chabuinq, irrenatibly pleasing. j 

A dtUi/h^ful scene ; a most eiamiim prospect ; dtUghffid employment i 

ekarming oinslc. 

DELIVER, [dtlibro, L.] to ditengage &oni a state of oppression 
or iTonble. 

Rbscub, [re*«ir«,N.]toremoTe from restraint or exposure to evil. 

Save, [soIbo, L.J to proerve from danger or ruin. 

Fbbe, ifieogan, S.] to loose; to disengage from. 

Set freb, to let at liberty ; to release. 

LiBBRATB, [libera, L.] to release from confinement. 

DeSccr from the hands of an enouy ; rueut tttna captiTity ; tatv from de- 
struction. — We jVetoureelTcsCromaburden, and xf another ftaoafite from 
bondage ; dtlirer from tlie oppreaaor ; Uberali from prison. 

DELIVERANCE, [diUoranet, F.] release from any opia«suon ; 
trouble, &c. 
Deliveby, the act of grnng or transferring. 
"God pant you a good d&Berance :" to preach dtUntrana to the cap- 
tires ) dAvtrg of pn^crty ; gaol dthrery. 

DEMOLISH, [de, and fnohor, to build, LJ to throw down buildings. 
Raze, [redo, L.I to subvert from the foundation ; to overthrow. 
Dismantle, [lUmanteler, to deprive of dress, F.] to break down 

a&y thing external ; to divest of furniture. 
Dbhtboy, [£, and cfmo, to build, L.] to separate the part* of an 
e^ce : to anuibilate. 

I raze the cttj; dinmuifb tlw towers; dafniy tlie 



DEMUR, [de, and moror, to delay, L.] to aiupend proceeding OT 
Hbbitatk, [htrnlo, L.] to rest in uDcertainty. 
Pause, [paaso, L.] to deliberate i to wait for a time. 

Cnnur agUDBt adjust demands, but do not hesitaie to consent to what Is 
resapnable and rigbt ; pause before jou ipeak or act. 

DTMUB, Buapeuse as to the proprie^ of acting. 

Doubt, [dubium, L.] fluctuation of mind. 

Hesitation, uncertainty ; auepense of opinion. 

Objection, [objecHo, L.] that which is offered in opposition. 

He made a dfiniir, and snggeated a dottbij whidk cans«d an haUaiion t he 
raised an ohjecHon. 

DENOTE, [dmoto, to mark, L.] to be a sign of; to show by a 
visible mark or token. 
SiGNipy, [significo, to make a sign, L.] to make known; to 

The index on the dial dcwtfti the hour; a qnlek poise dtsottt Attya ; men 
fignifi/ their thoughts and wiahesb; looks and actions, as well as by words. 

DENY, IdeTtego, to refuse, L.] to withhold from; not to grant. 

Refusb, [refaser. P.] to reject; to dismiaa without a erant. 

He dcakd bU claim -, be r^/uted his request. He dflned himselT tlie com- 
tnon necessaries of hfe, and rffiaed to bestow any relief on the poor and needy. 

DENY, [devmo, L.l to refuse to acknowledge. 
Disown, dis, andopan, S.] not to allow; to reject. 
Disavow, [dU, and toveo, L.] to dissent &om ; to deny know- 

CoNTRADiCT, jcoatTadico, L.] to aasert the contrary to what 
ha« been aurmed. 

Oppose, [oppOTio, L.] to act adTCisely ; to resist. 

Peter daiudba master, and diaowned having any couneiioa with Ura. — 
Disaann a general ; dtng particular ; do not through the (ear of man ifiraHiM 
the truth of the Gospel, fbr Christ Iub said, If we deny him, be ffill deny db. 
Conlradicl a report or assertion ; uppoM an opioion, an enemy, « tdll in par- 
liament, &c. 

DEPENDANCB, [de, from, pendeo. to hang, L.] inability to sustain 
one's self without the aid of another ; confidence. 

Reliance, [re, and ligati, to rest, S.] trust ; repose of mind. 

Every moment we feel our dependanct on God ; and a rtHanee on bis pro- 
mises supports onr minds under all the changes of mortal life. 

DEPLORABLE, [*, and pforo, to wail, L.] caUmib 
hopeless; grieTona. 
Lambntablb, [lamenttMiU, L.] moumfiil; sorrowful; adapted 

to awaken grief. 
Drplmabli conditloa, ignorance, poverty, &c. ; hmntabh sstrangaiKsei 
change, deelentlon of morals ; bmttntable cries. 


DEPONENT, [dtpono, to lay down, L.] one who gives written 

testimony to be luedai evidence in a court of justice. 

WiTNBBB, [tiMneMC, S.]onethat giveatettimony i one peraonatbr 

This ifcpaiiaif deduc* on oath, and the followiiitc ii h<« dtpoiitiim ,■ the 
•nlnuHt (or th« prosccutioD, aod the aitnttia lot the defence ; I wu loilnesi 
to the tact ; the deed was atteited by pn^Kr wUmua. 

DEPOSITE, Id^xaitim, h.] anything entraited to the care of 
Earnest, [eonest, S.] Bomething ^veu in token that abargain 

ia mode ; that which gives promise of lomething to come. 
Pledge, Ipkgg, N.] any thing given a« Bccuri^ for tbe per- 

fonnauce of an act. 
Sbcurity, [securittu, L.] being bound to aniwer for another. 
Be made a dtpotit of moaej, Sic ; an eamal of fiitOK ancceu ; a sacred 
dtptUit ; matual bterest is tlie best pledge for the performauee of treaties ; 
he becaine Hwritji for his brotbei. 

DEPRAVITY, [de, tadpramu, wicked, L.] a vitiated sUte of the 
Depravation, [depracafio, L.] deg 

Corruption, [cormplio, L.] lou of purity or integrity. 
Depraviti; of mmd) moral prindples, maokuid ; <hpravBt&t of manoers, 
moralfl, goverameat; eorruplion of langoage, sentiment, example, 

DEPREDATION, [de, aai prada. prey, L.j the act of plundering. 
RosBBRy, [reqfian, to snatch, S.J theft perpetrated by force. 
The ten malies dtpredatiom on the land ; intemperance commits drpreda- 
tions OD the constitatJon ; robbery of a person, house, maiL 

DEPTH, measure bom the surface downwards. 

Profundity, [pro, and,^indiu, bottom, L.jdeeppenMrationor 

Depth at water, sea, ocean, obscnritf, skUl; priiflmditji of knowledge, 
wisdom, thought, learaiug, tie. 

DERANGEMENT, {defanffer, to put out of order, F.] disorder of 
the intellect or reacOD, 
Imbanitv, [in, not, «(miu, sonnd, L.] the state of being unsound 

LCNACv, [hna, the moon, L.] a fit of madnen supposed to be 

influenced by the moon ; periodical madness. 
HADNBas, [gemaad, mad, S.^ violent distraction ; loss of un- 
derstanding i jiirioua passiOn. 
Mania, [mania, Gr.] raging madness. 

A deranffrmejit of his mental Realties at length proceeded to absolnte in* 
Mntfy, or as those who believe in the influence of the moon would call It, 
iuaacy \ aometJmes he had flts of violent madjuu ; such was the dreadful 
noma with which be was afflicted. An; vehemeot attachment is also ealted 



DERIDE, [df, and ridto, to wrinkle or to laugh at, L.J 
with scorn by laughter. 

Hock, [moquer, F.l to sneer; to lui^ ai 
Ridicule, [rideo, Ljtt' - -' 
Rally, [roHier, F.J K 

Banter, [badiner, F.J to ptaj upon ; to joke or jest at anothei^g 

To dmde and moek tbtrnt a malicious lUspoiltioa ; some follies are bo vrry 
■bnrd tliBt thr; dewrre to be lidimltd ; a nuw is ralUcd for bis neakaesscB ; 

DERISION, [derisio, t.} scorn manifestetl by laughter. 

RiDicuLB, [rujtcufaun, L.] wit of that apedes that pnjTokes 
laughter »ith some degree of contempt. 

DeriMion is sportive insult ; ridicule is contemptuoae mcTTlmeiit. SidiatU 
la applied to persona and things, deriaon to pefsous only. 

DERIVE, [de, and rtnu, a stream, L.] to draw or receive, aa from 
Trace, {traho, to draw, L.] to follow by the footsteps or re- 

Tnainin g marks. 

DEDtJCE, yUduco, to lead down, L.] to draw in a regular con- 
Words and oamsi aie derived ; we derive from Adam a natore prone to 
^ ; priodples are dtdactd ; a man iraea the line of a family from its early 
coauaencement ; ne may trace the progreaa of arts, sdence, dvilizatiDa, &c. 

DESERT, [de, and aero, to sow, L.] punishment or reward juatly 

Merit, [merilum, L.J excellence deserving honor or reward. 
Worth, [toeoriS, itrength, S.l value ; virtue. 
Good or bad daert ; merU should be rewarded ; the nuriti of an author, 
of a soldier ; he was U^y esteemed for his moral worth. 

DESIGN, [de, aadsigno, to seal, L.Ja scheme or plan in the mind. 

Purpose, [propositum, L.] the end or aim to De accompliihed. 

Intent, [tn, and tendo, to stretch, L.J a drift; a view formed; 

meaning. * 

A eomprehen^ve detign ; a steady p 
deiigni hare same good purpou in view 
mteHtt and pHrpeitt, 

DESIGN, a general view ; a plan of action. 
Plan, [plan, F.J the form of something to be done '^"'i'^g in 

the mind. 
Scheme, [schtma, Or.J a combioation of things adjusted bv 
design; a system. 
. Project, [prqjieio, to throw forward, L.J contrivance ; some- 
thiug intended or devised. 
He fbrmetT a deaim ; determined on the plan ; devised a tclumt ; con- 
trived a pni/ect. A deep design; apractic^le plan; a ipeculative ntow; 
a mighty prig'«(. 



DESIRE, [detidero, L.] to wiih for tomething nippoted to be 
Wish for, [mtcam, S.] to deaire loinethmg whether obtainable 

Long Fon, [laagiait, S.] to detire esrneitl; ; to vat tot vrith 

contiiiued eagemeu. 
Hankbk attkb, [AuRjlerm, Du.] to long for importunately. 
CovBT, {convoiter, F.] to denre inordinatel;; to deaire b^rond 

due bounda. 
Lust ArrER, [Imlan, S.j to deaire unlawfiillT. 
'" Deiirt spiritual gifti." Do not unaA for richa. — '' t hme hngid/or thv 
wilvBtlon." — It 1b fbUjto Aantcr aftei unOMmeDts QOiDitablc to oni age and 
drcnnutaneea. Da not cavel other tatn'a goods, or bal nfttr onjiiMCatatc 
and uuIaivfnJpkBauic. 

DESIST, [de, from, liito, to atand, t.] to forbear. 
stop ; to ceaae. 
; l€inie off viUD ;oa have ftniahcd joiir 

Leave off, [i«/on, S.] to atop ; 
" "■ 'oioaeleM ape '■' 

Despondbncy, [de, and ipondeo, to promiae, L.] dejection and 
inactiTitv conaequent upon the failure of hope. 

Hla HI encccaa led him to a atalc of dopatr, and, beii^ a man of ■trong 

paaiions, it ended in iaptratioit ; weak peraoas are liable 

DESPERATE, \desperatut, L.] fearleaa of danger; loat beyond 
hope of recoveiT- 
H0PB1.EBS, [A[>pa, hope, S.] deatitute of hope ; banng no ex- 
pectation of what la deairable. 
J>eiIKra(e nan, fortunes, condition j Aopclut case, orphan, attempt, Khnne. 

DESTINY, \_destmo, to appoint, L.] condition or atate fiweknown 

Fatb, \Jattm, deoree, L.] deatiny depending on a auperior and 

uncontrollable cauae. 
Lot, \hlQt, S.] fortune; state aaaigned. 
Doom, [iom, judgement, S.I judicial aentence. 
Destination, [destinatio, L.] the purpoae for which any thing 

DESTRtlCTION, [<fc»irac(io, L.] the act of deatroying or a 


,, C-.ooylc 

106 DBSTKUCTiva — DEViiiTa. 

Ruin, [mina, tall, L.] law of h^tpineii iv fortime ; overthrow ; 

Rapid and tiolent dofmcfwi .- grndoBl decay uid rudK .* Ineritable dtt^ 

DESTRUCTIVE, [deslnKtivm, h.'] watteftd; cannng d 

Ruinous, [ruinosus, L.] muchievout ; bnueful ; cauaing aub- 

Pbbhicious, Ipemiciotut, killing, L.] miacbievotu and iajuriouB 
ID the bigneit d^ree. 

Dislruclive polsoa, Sre, Bword, &e. ; mtiuiu comaqudnna ; permfiost 
foul, [mndples, booki, wap, &e. 

DETAIN, {delineo, L.] to witbhold ; to keep back. 
Hold, [healdeti, S.] to reitrain from escape. 
Keep, [c«pan, S.] to preserre. 
Rbta in, yretineo, L.] not to lose or part with, 

Dttaia what has been takm ; hold it foat ; ketp vhat i> possessed ; reiaii 
the article. 

DETECT, [ifcfepo, to uncover, L.] to find out any crime or artifice. 

Discover, [dicmarrir, F.] to bring to light; to obtain the firit 
knowledge of. 

Convict, [conrinco, L.] to prove guilty; to convince of sin. 

The thief was dtltcltd in the act, and connicltd at the sesnoDS ; the plot 
WAS detested ; he discovered hiddea treasure. 

DET£R, \delerreo, t« frighten, L.] to prevent by difficulty, danger, 

DiscouRAQE, [dicoarager, F ■'] to dissuade from an; attempt; 

to deprive of confidence. 
DiSHBARTBN, to deject; to depress the spirits. 
Let nothing deter you &oni doina your duty ; be not diseouraged by past 
failares, dot Stshearlniei for f^Eir of tuceess. 

DETERMINATION, [determinalio, L.] the decision of a question ; 
the result of deliberatiDD. 
RaaoLUTioN, [reaolatiti, L.] the process of disentangling per> 

plexities or dissipating ^scurity. 
Detenmnalim of a point ; raokMon of difficult qoestious la moial scieace. 

DEVIATE, [de, (tarn, via, nay, L.] to turn aside from the right or 

Wandkb, [leaairian, S.] to ramble without any certain course 

SwGRVE, [stcerren, S.] to deviate ) to depart from rale, custom. 

Stray, [stroe, to scatter, D.] to wander otit of proper limits. 
DiORBAS, [digredior, to step aside, L.] to depart from the main 

subject or tenor of a diseourse. 
Men deviate from a line or plan, or {rom good practices i m aametlniea 


dt^rvss hi the relation of & storj ; to wander about for want of occopvtion ; 

ttetrce ftiaa the trath, the path of dat; ; a ihecp ttrayt hoai the flock ; we 
Hometimes digrat ia relatmg s story. 

a project. 
le, plim, de(i|ipi. 
The deeica of the craftf ; the conMioncu of the ingeiiova ; a pleulng 

DEVISE, [dnwcr, F.] to project ; to form in the mind. 
Contrive, [contnmetr, F.J to form or deiign ; to scheme. 
Invbnt, UimaUa; P.] to diteoTer; to find out; to produce 

something which md not before eiiit. 
Concert, [concerto, to strive together, L.] to settle by mutual 

Hanaqb, [meru^er, F.] to conduct ; to carry on. 
DtiAte a plan ; nmlriM a maehJue ; iwmt an initrmueut ; eonetrt a mea. 
sore ; mono^ an nlTair. 

DEVISE, idivido, to shftre, L.] to grant by will. 
BsorRATH, {becviathan, S.} to leave to another. 
DnUe by testament, or deed ^ btquealh by word or wiU. 

DEVOTION, [(ievotio, L.] devoutneu ; lolemn attention in reli- 
gioug worship. 
Rblibion, [reliffio, the oblig»tion of a sacred tow, L.] a sjstem 

of divine Mth and worship. 
Piety, [pUtat, L.] lore and veneration for the Supreme Beii^, 

and devotion to his service. 
Desotioa, fervent prayer ; rtUfion comprehendi doctriue and practice ; 
pielS, " I have Kt Ek>d always belort me.'' 

DICTATE, [diclo, L.] to speak with authority; to instruct vrhat 

PttBSCRiBB, Iprater^o, to write before, L,] to aet down autbo- 
ritatdvely ; to order; to direct. 

What God has dietaltd, It ia our duty to believe ) the miniiter ditlata to 
his secretary ; a physician prttcribti for bis patient. 

DICTATE, [dktahim, L.l rule or nuodm dehvered with authority 
or by impulse on tne mind. 
SuoaEHTiOH, [auggero, to hint, L.] secret incitement ; intima- 

Yleld not to the ikelatn of paa^on, but follow the didalet of conscience 
and religion ; bewnre of the luggeafioiu of evU minds and evU beings. 
DICTION, [dictio, L,] maimer of expressing ideas by words. 
Sttlk, [gtyhu, L.] manner of nhtiug with respect to language. 
Phrase, Iphrasis, Gr.] a peculiar or idiomatic sentence. 
Phrabboldgv, [^phrasis, and lego, to speak. Or.] a peculiar 

mode of speech or form of words. 
A dear and pnre diction will lead to elegancy of iti/le b compodUou ; ^nsrd 
ig^nst the use of strange phrtaea and a formal phra$eoloffi/. 


DICTIONAAY, Idictio, a Bpeaking, L.] ■ book conteiniug die 
wordi of any laofuage airaiiged ID slphabetieBl order, with 

expUiutioiu of their meaniuga. 
Encyclopjbdia, [eyelet, a circle, paideia, leanune, Gr.] a gene- 
rat system of knowledge, arranged alphabetically. 
A dutumary Is pBrtiKl, oi oolj ^nera] ; on etuycb^sdia is onivenalf em- 
bracmg the whole dccuit of UKnce and art. 


Lexicon, [Or.] a book containing an alphabetical arrangement of 

the words of a buiEuage, with expluiationi of their meaning*. 

VocABUiukRY, [voeaotMtm, a word, L.] a li*t or collectioa of 

Glosbarv, [glotta, interpretation, L.] a dictionar}> of obscure 

and antiquated word*. 
NouENCLATURB, [roidoi, Dame, cafe, locall, L.] a catalogue of 

important words or technical teroia, wi(h their rignificadona. 

Dictionary of liTlng langimgH i GrHk lexitom ; vocabttiary of B"gt>*^ 
nonU i glouoTs of obsolete temu ; lumtittlaturt of botany. 

DIE, \deadian, S.] to ceaae to live ; to pau into another atate of 
ExpiRB, [««piro, to breathe out, L.] to emit the laat breath; to 

DIFFER, [differo, to move apart, L.] to be of a contraiy opinion ; 
to be (bBsimilar. 
Vary, [nario, L.] to alter ; to suffer a partial change. 
Dibagkeb, [(lis, and agret,"] not to accord ; to be in opposition. 
Dissent, [dw, and smtio, to think, L.] to think in a coutraiy 

PersoDS and things d^tTf Doty^ and ditagret ; perBOns faAj diaeiU s 
writeiG di^T In tbrir views, niry in thdr nairatioTiB, lUtagret In tbdr con- 
elusions. ThoK who diatnt frtaa oni opinionB or hith, miy 1>e as good, or 
«eo better, than onrMlTes. Two tempers dtfir from each other ; one man** 
temper caria from time to time ; men d^rr from brittea ; colors often may 
when held in different lights. 

DIFFERENCE, [^fferaitia, L.J dissimilarity. 

" " ' n; diacrimination. 

DIFFERENCE, [^fferaitia, L.J dissimilari 
D[STiNCTiaii,X(JM(«ic(io, L.J separatioE 

There is a difftrtnce in the cases, which require 

Diffrrmce between good and evil ; diituieluii between real 

Dispute, strife or contest in words or by at^tunent. 
Altercation, [altercatio, L.] debate earned on with heat or 
anger; wranglii^. 



QoARRBL, [quertla, L.] aa aim or noi^ dinnite. 

A trifling difemut led to uaopTWipMte; the ptrtki had n moM rigknl 

altereatioH ; It mt. Indeed, & very Mriooi quarrel. 

DIFFERENT, contrary i unUke. 

Distinct, [distirKtui, L.] teadily diitinguiibed ; •bowing » 

marked diCference. 
Sbfabate, [teparalitt, L.] divided from ; pMted frvm utother. 
Different, not dike ; dufuicl, not the rame ; uparati, not joined. 

DIFFERENT, of contrary qualities. 

Sevebal, coiuisting of more than two, but not Terjr many. 

DiVEBS, [diversua, turaed aside, L.l more than one. 

SuNDBY, [nunier, »epar»te, S,] aji indefinite number. 

Variocb, [iiiirnM, L.] maiiifold ; unlike each other. 
Differrni degttcs ; teceral lAuraiiges ; divert modes, mamiflrs, ranka ; 
nndry ways, erticles ; various seeds, annus, occnpatione. 

DIFFICULTIES, [dis, not, faeilU, eaiy, L.] labon, perplexitiea in 

Embarrassmbnts, [embarrtu, F.] entanglementa ; confiuioD. 

Tboubleb, affliction!, calamities; vexationa. 
D^irullia attend every sitnathin of life ; emAamiuiwiiti ia boalDess, cod- 
ecins, &<:. ; Iroubta of auad. Agreatmiiidinll oveicomeiltjKn'<t"> aioid 
embarrojsmentij and sink not onder Iroubla. 

luPBDiHBNT, {impedimeiUam, L.] anything that stands in the 

way and hinder* progreat. 
A. difficullu most be eueooutmd ; an obilaelt ninnounted ; an impediinaii 

' Wb often mistake d^ieuiliaSm Impotdbilitles. Prejudice is an 

obilaele to Improvenuat. Bad roads offer in^dinunti in wallEing. 

DIFFUSE, [diffitms, L.l scattered ; widely aprcad ; copioua. 
Fbolix, \prolixut, drawn out, L.] long, tedious, minnte in 

A dfP«(e writer uses words nnneccuarily ; liij ii a di^iiM writer; apnt- 
Ilt writer introdDces both nnnecesnr; wm^ and phrases. 

DILATE, [dihto, to enlarge, L.] to extend in all directions; to 

Expand, [ecpando, to spread, L.] U 

Joy dHalet the heart ; Iciwwledge expands the m 
a Bower sepondi Its leaves to the son. 

DILIGENT, [diligena, L.] eonatant in application ; asaidtums. 
ExPBDiTiouH, [expedio, to hasten, L.] making dispatch ; speedy. 
Prompt, IpnMptvs, L.] quick, ready to act. 
~ -■" ^"- - - -- "-TslnMS; promjit in eieeution. 


DIRECTION, [direelio, h.] imtnJttioii in what m 
Obder, [prao, L.] nuutdate, precept, command 

Fcdlow yoor cUrecHoH* ; obej TOi" urirrt. 

DISADVANTAGE, {damimtage, F.] a state not 
' il operation. 
'injuria, L.] 

I »cu!tieB. 

.', \hyrt, nounded, S.] uirthing that give* pun. 

Dbtriubnt, \detrimeidma, Lj los^ dam^e, diminution. 
Habu, [kearm, grief, S.] wronx, evU. 

MiscHiBF, ]jne$, wtong, ci^^hetd, 0. P.J evil, whether in- 
tended or not. 
His want of education ii a gnat ^oicaKtagt ; a Mrioni JiffKry ; It wa* 
to my \Mrt. B; bdng axmomkal in his general expeocea, a man mar ^• 
stov ■omethin; for charitable porpoiea, vittiODt itlnmenl tohli own funily. 
Dodo harm to any one; "lest aome niucluf^beM him." 

DISAFFECTION, want of zeal ; alienation of affection. 
Disloyalty, want of fidelity or duty. 
DiiajFecfion to government or nligicm ; disloyalty towards tiie king. 

DISAPPEAR, to witlidraw from obBemtioni to recede from the 

Tanish, \yaneico, L.] topaas away from the aigbt; to become 

It iisappearti im a leaaoD ; it vtmitlitd entirety oat <a sight. 

DISAPPROVE, to condemn; to censure as wrong. 
DisLitcB, to regard with aversion or displeature. 

My judgement diaapprotia i my will dislika, 

DISBELIEF, [dis, and geUafa, S.] refusal of credit ; denial of 
Unbblibf, increduLhr; withholding of belief. 
Disbtl^f of idle tales of ghosts, specties, aiul the like ; iinbtti^ of revealed 
truth; iinicU^ oflhomas. 

DISCERNING, Idiscento, to distinguish, L.] judicious ; discrimi- 
nating ; penetrating. 
Knowino, hsvingad^percejitionof ; intelligent. 
Ditttnint Implies a Kosiide mind ; Inuncias implies a cunning diipoMtion. 

DISCERNMENT, power of distingnishing. 

Pbnbtration, Ipenetro, to pierce, L.J acutenesa ; sagacity. 
Discrimination, [discrimett, difference, L.] the act of making 

or observing a distinction. 

JunoBMENT, [jupemmt, F.] the power of comparing ideaa, and 

ascertaining the relations between one proposition and another. 

Ditcemmgnt to dlstinguiah ; pentlratvn to peredve or understand ; da- 

eriniiulim to mark pecnltar lU^reoeea ; jHdgtmnl to investigate. A dear 

^cemmcnt ; an scute pautration ; a nice diMcrviaiuitvm ; a sound^iuffcsuitl. 


DISCLAIM, [ditelamo, L.] to iliwTow ; to deny any knonledge ot 
Disown, [dU, and open, to potseta, 8.] not to ackuowlet^ U 

one'i own- 
He diaclaimai the honor that he wu canadou did not beloni; to him ; he 

became u poffed Dp wilh pride, that he ditowntd bis neu nlutbnu on ae< 

count of theiT iofenoclty at rank. 

; breach of 

Strifb, [ejtri^, N.] contest in enmity; anery strufwle, 
DiBBBNeiON, [dig, and tentio, to think, L.] aagrj difference in 

Contention, [eontentio, L.Tdebate ; quarrel. 
" Diicord lunong BrrtbreB." — " 'Where tiriftit, there ii eonftuion, (tad 
every eril work." — DuKnaioiu in opinion! ; reU^oiu diuentionr ; nngry «hi- 

DISCREDIT, [ditcredit, O. F.] want of credit or good reputation. 
DisoRACB, [dis, and^atta, favor, L.] state of ignominy; diahonoi'. 

RBPaoACB,[rgrroeil(<,F.} eenture nungled with contempt; shame. 

Scandal, [icandaloa, a Btambliug-bUKk, Or.] reproachful a*- 
peraion ; opprobrioui censure. 

Irr^iilaiity of conduct ia taj respect is a diiere^ to a reasonable being ; 
cownrdiee is a dit^ate to a soldier ; liee Is a rtproach to honun naton ; if 
a man profesies Mmself a Christian, and does not lire anltably to his profca- 
siou, be brings a icnndol on hia religion. 

DISCUSS, IdUculio, L.] to examine by disputation; to agitate by 

BxAHiNB, [emnHno, L.] to inspect carefully with a view to dis- 

coTW truth. 
Sbarcu, [cAercAer, P.] to look over for the purpose of finding 

EspLoBE, [exploro, to stretch or reach, L.] to view with care ; 

to inspect for the purpose of making discoveries. 
iXicwi a pr^t, topic, &c. ; ezonuiw a question, subject, an oUect ; leareh 
far wliat ia hidden ; imrth after corioaltiea ; explart uitaat lands. 

e of pun ; sickness ; 

DiSTBMFBR, [dii, and tenmero, to moderate, L.] derangement 

of the functions of the Dody, 
DisoKDEH, [dU, and ordo, L] breach of that regularity in the 

animal economy which caustfs besilth ; slight indisposition. 
Malady, [maladie, F,] a deeply seated indisposition; amoral 



Extricate, [«#trteo, L.] to diMmburasi; to set free. 

Dittngagid from the bnitlt of the world ; diiata^/ttd from difficdltlei ud 
perplexities ; txtrieated fron oppreaalDD, danger, rubi. Dutagoft the attee- 
tLoEU from earthly pleuorcfl ; duerttangU the thonghtfl from the tar&K itf tlik 
life; exMrafe one'sMQffrom a conrMofraiaoua extravagance. 

DISOBACEFUL, Bhamefiil, ignominious. 
Scandalous, oppmbrioiu ; that biiuc* shame or inimmy. 
Diijratitfitl, as an object of reproaeh ; tttmdSota, as gWIng public ollknee. 

DISHONEST, [itis. And ionestot, uprightness, L.] void of probity; 
void of faith ; frandnlent. 
Knavish, wicked I fraudulent; mischieroiu. 
Diahonat practica ; ihuniA persons ; " itmwitjk tricks." 

DISHONOR, Idis, and konor, dignity, L.] whatever cooititutei a 

stain on the reputation. 
DiBORACB, \_di$, and jprdfta, lavor, L.] state of being out of favor. 
Shamb, [jcama, S.] the cause of reproach ; ignominy ; s pain- 
ful sensation exciteil by a consciousness ot guilt. 
It we are not alive to the feeliogs of iUthmior, ve are m great danger of 
fHlling into diagraee, and of being brought to an open $hame. 

DISJOINTED, [dis, and jvnotura, L.] sepsnted at the joints; 
mutilated; out of joint. 
DiSMGHBBiiBD, [dts, Bud nKtobrma, a limb, L.] one member 

divided from another ; cut in pieces. 
Di^ointcd limb ; dinttmbtrtd bod;. — I>iq<>iii(iil ideas ; diimen^tred king- 

dire, horrid, uncomfortable, 

ibtcure ; imperfectly illumi- 
of light ; cloudy of look ; heavy of 

[ glomaag, twilight, S.] obtcure ; imperfectly illumi- 

MiLANCHOLY, [nteJoncoIioM, F.J habitually unhappy. 
SoRRowyvL, itorg, care, s.") mournful grieving for the loss of 

Dark, {ieorc, S.] concealed; obscure; disheartening. 

Dull, idwl, W.j not lively; cheerless. 

Sad, fiul of grief; mournful; downcast. 

Heavt, [Aeq^, lifted with labor, 8.] torpid ; depressed in 

mind; sluggish. 

Dejbcted, [Mectm, cast down, L.] afflicted; unhappy. 

Dbprbhsed, [dtpreattu, pressed down, L,] dispirited ; bumbled. 

Dwiul scenes ; gloony prospect i melancholy afflicdon ; tomnqftii ctmnte- 
uaoee ; <lark eonspiraev ; ^•f'' bour of adversity. — i>sll weather, socdetr. 
writer ; gbNtmy atmosphere, prison, night -, lad countenance, accident ; iKj- 
mat abode ; dwaal state of mind ; tony look ; duU countenance, frame of 
mind. Dull in aense, ondentanding ; "daeetid was bis fiux."— -(Crydt*.) 
" Nor tUnk to die dqielM my lofty mind.''— (Pope.) DtprtaeS Id i^ita. 



DISMAY, [demtayar, Sp.] to deprive of that firnmes* of mind 

wluch constitute* courage. 
Daukt, idonuiter, F.l to intimidate ; to check by fe«T of dBoger. 
Appal, {palleo, to oecome pale, L.] to afiright; to impreii 

with fear. 
We OK diamayed at vhjit is HlnrmiD^ ; daunted at what is teni^ing ; of^ 
palled at vhat is honid. 

DISMISS, [dmitto, to tetid away, L.] to give leave of departure ; 

to remove from office. 
Discharge, [dccharger, F.] to divest of an; employment ; to 

perfonn oi execute. 
Discard, [descartar, Sp.] to eject from aervice ) to ca»t off; to 

£>ufnus an officer ; diietiarge a Eoldier i he U ditewded from his rank in 
loden. — Diimiat your Ittn \ diathargt your duties fliithfnlly ; diicord your 

DISORDER, [dia, Munder, ordiw, to set in order, L.] to throw 
into confusion ; to put out of method. 

P.] to diiplace, disarrange ; to disturb any 

settle; to iwBe. 
_ . jh bodv uid miod no,; .. .. 
diicatiarted, the mind dticonpond. 

DISPARAGE, [dis, and par, equal, L.] to iujiure by comparison 

with something inferior, 
Detract, [detraho, to draw from, L.] to take away from the 

merit of another. 
Traddcb, [troAmo, to lead over, L.] to represent as blameable ; 

to calumniate. 
Dbfreciatb, [de, down, pretium, price, L.] to bring a thing 

down to a lower worth or price. 
Deoradb, [de, down, gradus, a step, L.] to reduce in valne or 

Decrt, [(I£fn«r, to cry down, F.] to censure ; to rail or clamor 

Derogate, [iJn-Mro, to annul, L.] to lessen; to take away apart. 

Men ditparagt the abilities and works of th^ rWalB, dtlratt from thdr 
merit, tradatt their character, and depreeiatt thdr understaadiagg and per. 
ftnuancea. — Vice dtgradti human oatan ; decry meBBam, piiodplee, Be. 

DISPARITY, [dispar, uneonal, L.] difference in degree, age, con- 
dition, rank, or esceUence. 
Inrsualitv, [intequalU, unequal, L.] difference in quality, 

quantity, amount, size, &c. 
Diapaniy of station, circomstaacee, 6(c-; inequaUtj/ of temperatore, dls* 
tance, behavior, happiness. 


114 DIHPAS8I0NATK — Dispoaa. 

DISPASSIONATE, [da, ^Mtrt from, piutio, sufferitig, L.] free 
from paisioo ; unpartial ; moderate. 
Cool, [col, S.] not huty; calm; deliberate. 
Id all <U>pates kani to be dupumnuJei be eoel in dueer. 

CISPERSG, [dis, asunder, spaiyo, to KStter, L.] to drive to dif> 
ferent puts ; to drive aaundei. 
Scatter, [seateran, to pour out, S.] to dissipate ; to B|nii)kk; 

to gpn^ thinly. 
DlBPeNSE, [dispento, to divide out in parts, L.] to deal out ; to 

DiBTRiBUTB, Idistribuo, to beatow in portions, L.] to divide 

amODK more than two. 
Spread, [ipriEdait, S.] to extend ; to stietch over a large aurfoce. 
Expand, \expando, to spread, L.] to lay open as a net or sheet. 
DiFPDBB, [diffmido, to pour, L.'J to cause to flow. 
CiBCULATK, [^ctrculo, to more in a circle, L.J to move round ; 

to flow in channels. 
Propacatb, [propoffo, L.] to tpresd frvm person to person ; to 

extend; to cairp from place to place. 
DisaBwiNATB, [digtemao, L. to scatter seed,] to spread every 

D18PEL, [ttu, and p«U[>, to drive,L.]to8catter by fwce; tobauiih. 
The mob, the people, are ^iperitd ; the sheep are leoffered ,- the books or 
pajwiB were spread : the doth vas tpread ; the ehild Koftcml Its pla;>thfai^ 
on the floor ; the disciplea were ditperaed^ — Diapaut generallf and indiscri- 
minately; diiiritmii particuliu'l]', bdividu^y ; ProTldeDee ditptMta its 
IdcHiugs to all ; aprincediitribiitnfaTors to hu foioritemlnlBtera. — Cloads 
and daikness tpread: leaves and Howers upand ; trees ipreaittlieirbraiicbBi. 
Fame tpreaii 1 proepects txpaud ,■ knowled^ is d^ffaicd .■ Joy and cheofai- 
ness are iiffuaid. — rhe blood cfrfulof « ; animals are pnmg^ed. — News 
tpnadti stories oreulofe; doctrines are pnpagattdi pruuJpleB are iKt- 
teninated. — The wind dupfnu the cIonda,bnt the snndiipctftlKmi ignorance 
is Otptlkd ; the foe is diapeittd, 

DISPLEASE, \dis, and plwea, L.] to make angry in a slight degree. 

Offend, {offendo, to strike against, L.] to make angry ; to 

Vbx, [vexo, h.J to ttnment ; to harass ; to distress. 

DiMpltasfd at what is improper ; offendtd at what Is disrespedftd ; beins 
of an irritable dispotitlon, be was (reqaentl; eezerj. Lot's righteous smd 
was Mzalni^tBnd daj with ttacBlth; conversatiOD of thewiek^. 

DISPOSE, [dispono, h.] to adjust; to apply to any purpose. 
Arrancb, [arranger, P.] to put in toe pn^r order for any 

DiOBBT, [£gfTo, to dissolve, to divide, L.] t 

classes under proper heads ; to reduce to metnoa. 
Place, [placer, ¥.] to put into any place, rank, or office. 
Order, [orijino, L.] to regulate ; to manage ; to conduct. 
Put, [pooten, deposit in any place. 


Lay, [leegan, S.] to depoiit. 

Sbt, [lellan, to seat, S.J to put in tmy situation or place ; to fix. 

Ditpoted m nnra ; duposed in their proper pJacea ; arrangfd In order i digat 
the msteriale for s literarr work. Dupoe of your Umc nnd tatenti for bene. 
ficia] pmrposei ; arrange ideas ; digat tJ^ooghta. Piaetd on a counter, board, 
table, shelf. " To him Out orderclh bis condact aright, wQl 1 >hov the sii- 
' ration of God." (Psilm i. 33.)— Put the book airaj; fwt It ia the book- 
case ; plan It ou the shelf; lay It od the table-, ut It nprl^t dd tti end. 
" I do iri my bow in the cload." (Gen, ii.) 

DISPOSITION, [dispofitw, L,] natural comtitution of the mind. 

Temper, [teatpero, L.l florae of mind. 

A man ma; possess a g:ood ditpotUion, although Us temper naj be indit- 
lerent ; and a person maj hare what ii called * good ttoiper, and at the aama 
tfane biit a mean disponMon. 

DISPOSITION, mredoioiiuuit incliiuttioo or propeiuitv. 
Inclination, [tncKnatti), L.] ft leaning of the mind or will. 

ColtiTate a friendly di^aritiim ; be haa an iaSiiiatioii to study. 

DISPOSITION, the maimer in which thing* are arranged ; order ; 

DispuaAi-.theaetofdiapomng or managing any thing; the power 

of bestowing^ 
DisposUion of an nrmy ; di^nttal of property* 

DISREGARD, to omit to take notice of. 

Nbolbct, [negligo, L.] to omit by careletaneu ; to forbear to 
attend to. , 

Slight, [ilegtea, Du.] to treat aa unworthy of notice. 

He ditrigardtd the conqsels of his tether, and negleettd hb adviee ; he 
$UfflUed hiH Mend. 

DISSOLUTE, Idissohaiu, loose, L.] given to vice and diiaipation. 
LooaE, [laa, lax, D.] wanton; not chaste. 

Unrsbtbainbd, [«», and ratringo, to bold back, L.] licen- 
tious ; uncontrolled. 
Riotous, {rioltoio. It.] tmnultnoua ; licentiouily festive. 

Diiaohite conduct ; Imie Duaaera ; anreitroBied actions ; rtDtowbehaTior. 

DISTANT, [dislmu, standii^ apart, L.] having an intervening 
space of an indefinite extent. 
Far, l/tor. 8.] a great way off. 
Rbuotb, [remotas, removed, L.] diitaut in time or place; not 

Diitanl object, country ; aat/ar oB; far from home ; remaie antlqnity. 
" ITie Bichchymio sun so /or tmm us remoli."~IMaion.) 

DISTINGUISH, Idistinguo, to mark a differeoce, L.] to make a 
DiscBiMiNATE,[iJ«mniino,L.]toobaerfe the difference between. 

SiONALisB, Itigmm, ■ 

DiitimgMahbj sight, calm, tie. ; du i n m i n a t e diferent objecta ; dun-indiutfc 
(kancten. A. ouui titaahia bimself b; bis ralor, bendsm, &c. ; he dulin- 
^■uAffl hinuelf bf hit Inning;, hia imprcnements is the oita aad BdenceSp 

DISTINGUISHED, ttwucenduit, eitraordinary. 
Conspicuous, [etmtpieio, to look, L,] clesrij or eztetuiTe^ 

Noted, [imAm, known, L.I much known by reputatioo or report 
GuiNKNT, ^nntn«iw, bi^h, X.l exiltedi di^iified. 
Ii.t.DSTRio(iB, [iiltutm, bright, L.] noble; renonned. 
Dittinguiilied genaal ; coiupiniinu TirCne*, dtnsticni ; noltd aathoi, tia- 
tdln; tfanaU rank, station, piety; illualriouM action, prince, title. 

DISTRESS, [dittringo, to strain hard, to bonble, L.] to oppreu 
with pain or calamitf ■ 
Hababb, [haratger, F.] to weary with care or imiiortunity. 
Pbrplex, [nerplexor, to entmgle, L.] to make aiudout; to 
tease with nupenieor ambigini^; todiitract. 

eee, fCeUas, bj loss of Mends, tte. ; karatitd b; 
; AoFoaed wid bnnncaa ; perpitred with diffi- 
ndties, obstacln, Sic. 

DISTRICT, [dislriBtiu, pressed hard, L.] a circuit within which 

power maf be exercised, and to which it is restrained. 

Rboion, [re^, climate, L.] a territory or space of indefinite 

extent ; country. 
Tract, [traetnt, drawn ont, L.] a quantity of huid. 
QuARTBB, [^uarttu, L.] a particular region of a town or coimtty, 
or of the globe or hemisphere ; tine o{ the four cardinal points. 
A certain dittrict; the diitrict of a ganmot; throagfaant the whidere- 
slmi; rtjioiu of heat, etberial rnioi ! alroel of land; gaarttr aitbt wiu'ld; 
from wlut quarter doei the wind blow ? 

DISTRUSTFUL, [dU, not, trywium, to trust, and A», 8.] apt to 
doubt the truth or fidelity of another, or our own alulit;. 
Suspicious, [mupicioau, L.] indined to imagine ill without 

DiFFiDKNT, [diffldo, not to trust, L.] wanting conMence ; timid. 

I am Uttnafful of hli Integrity, tiapiciimt of his bODestr ; itapieimu tea> 
Mr. Being of a di^Ueiif dlspositiom, he wns diifriu{/kl of his own powers ; 
d^idtHt rontb. 

DISTURB, [dUturbo, to stir, L.] t 

Intbkrupt, [tstemHiipo, to break in, L.] to hinder the prooeaa 

DITCH, {die, S.] a long narrow diaiuiel dug in the earth. 


in ftntificatioii is iutended to 

DIVERSITY, Idivfrnlat, S.] disHmUitude. 

DirFEBBNCE, Idifferatlia, L.] the quality which dittiiiguuliet 

one thing from anotlieT. 
VAiiiBTV,roaHe(ii«, L.] iucceision of things; chanse. 
Medlby, \Taedlr, to mix, O. E.] a mingled and conmied maw. 
Diatnily oit 0[diiiODa, colun ; d^irnut of habit*, o^jcctt ; txaitty at 
' ; mtdinj of soimdi. 

DIVIDE, [rftrirfo, L.] tokeep apart by a limit. 
SiFARATB, [sfparo, L.] todiBimite. 
Pabt, [pariio, L.] ti ' 

DIVIDE, to separate into puts. 

DiBTRiBVTE, \_dUtnbw>, L.l to bestow in , _. 

Skabb, {scearati, to ahear, S.I to part among many- 
He daidtd the money, and dulnbaltd it to the proper objecti. Their 

iliared the profits, expeoBea, &c. 

DOCTRINE, [doctHna, something taoght, L.] prindplea ot truths 
pRBCEFT, [ jW(Eeep(um, L,] a rule authoritatively given for the 

regulation of moral conduct. 
Principle, [princt^um, beginning, L.^ gener^ truth; founda- 
tion of morality. 
Dogma, [dogma, a settled opinion, L,] a doctrinal notion. 
Tenet, [fenef, he holils, L.] any position or opinion which a 

person believes and maintains. 
BeUere doFtrna ; obey precepts ; imbibe or hold f?njtcip^. Doetrinea of 
tbe Gospel ; dogma* of a choidi, or lect i a qnsatiiiBable tett ; puiltaidcal 

DOUBT, [dubito, L.] to waver in opinion ; to be apprehensive. 

Question, [quaitio, L.] to be uncertain of. 

I deiibl the tmth of his portions ; I giKriim his veradty. I doubt of 
beiiig sncceaaAd ; I queation its utility. 

DOUBT, [dubium, L.] indedrion ; fluctuatioD of mind. 

SvBPENSB, [suspertsui, l'»"gi"g by, L.] delay of determination ; 

it Boffldent to remove my doubts ; this uncertair 
volvea me lu ntpnue. I am in itnAt about the present, in nuiKiuc re 
iug tbe fWnre. 

DOUBTFUL, admitting of doubt; undecided. 

Dubious, \_d'aUixs, L.] not settled; not determined. 



Uncbrtain, [mcertus, L.] not known ; not decided. 

DRAW, [dragon, S.] to move by force applied in advance. 

Drag, [dragati, S.] to pull along the ground with labor or diffi- 

Haul, [haler, F.] to drag bj violence. 

Pull, [puUion, S.] to make an effort to draw. 

PhVCK, [ptuccian, S.] to pull off guddenly. 

Tuo, [teogan, S.] to pull with long-continued exertion. 

Draw > earrisge ; £-ag gtooE or timber ; haul a boat on shore ; pull at a 
mpe ; pludi trait, floirera ; tn; at tlie oar. 

DREAM, [droom, Du.] a phantasm of sleep ; a series of thoughts 

or images which occnpy the mind of a sleeping person. 

Rbverie, rr^e«r, to rave. P.] wandering of the thoughts ; wild 

fknciAd musing. 
A drema la in sleep ; a rectrit passes when a person is awake. 

DEEGS, [(frrttm, S.] that which is drained or thrown off. 
Sediubnt, [«efJeo,tosettle,L.] that which subsides to the bottom. 
Dross, [dros, S.) waste matter separated from the better part. 
Scum, [eemne, both, F.] impurities which rise in bailing or fa- 

Rbpubk, [refits, refiised, F.] that which is rejected as vile or 

Dregt of wipe ; aeditntni of water ; droa$ from metals ; the aeain rises to 
the top oT liqnora ; the r^fiat being noithlesa is thromi awsy. Dregs and 
tram of sodety ; refaie of the people ; the world's ^ory is hnl drots. 

DUCTILE, [duclilis, that may be led, L.] easily led ; that may be 

drawn out into wire. 
Flbxiblb, [fiembiUt, that may be bent, L.] not brittle ; not 

Soft, [softe, S.] eauly worked; susceptible. 
YiGLDiNO, [ffieldan, s.1 inclined to give way. 
Pliable, [plico, to fold, L.] eaay to be bent. 
Malleable, [maUeui, a hammer, L.] capable of being spread 

by beating. 
Dxefile mind ; cold is the most diirfiliButsl ; JleinUe rod, wOl; (oflskiD, 
natnrB ; yitlditg (Uspoutkin ; pliable limbs ; pUable jonth ; nuUeoAlt metal. 

DUCTILE, yielding to persuasio- ,. 

Docile, [docilis, tcschable, L.] ready to learn. 
Tractable, [(racfaWiii, easily drawn, L.] manageable; 

pliant ; governable. 
Dttdile mind, jDotli ; docile disposition, animal ; be woa Iratiabk 
free from self-conceit ; ductSi is opposed to etnbborn. 


DURABLE, [durabilis, lastiag, L.l of long contiiiusiice. 
Labtino, [lattati, to dran out, S.] that may coDtbue orendim. 
Pebhanbnt, [permtmeTa, remaining through, L.] not decay- 
ing ; unchanging. 

DUTIFUL, [di, that which a person owe*, F. and full,'] auhmis- 
si?e to natural or legal Buperiora, 
Obedibnt, {obediens, L.j performing what ia commanded, and 

abstaining from what is prohibited. 
Respectfvi., [respectas, L. and JkU,'] ceremonious ; full of 

outward eivility. 
Dul^ful childiea ; obtdient Berranta, snbjecU, cUldren ; rtsprelful deport- 
meat ; rapcc{fiit to Baperion. 

DUTY, that which a person is bound naturally, legally, or mot^y 
to do or pay. 
Obligation, [obligaiio, L.] the binding power of any oath, 
TOW, promise, contract, or moral requirement. 

Duty of a clergyman ; duty to parents i Jutia of hiubuids, vins. Sic. ; 
Glial obUgation ; we are under an oblifaiim to fulfil ovr promises and die. 
charge oar juat debts. 

EAGER, [egyr, brisk, W.] impetuous ; vehement. 

EARMEST,r«irneif,S.]ardentinafFection; zeabiuj importunate. 
SEMOtrs, jWtiw, L-l grave; solemn ; important. 
Eagtr deaire ; earneit soueitatioa, exhortatiau, prayer i Mriaw admoDitioii, 

EASE, {aise, F.] freedom from pun or anxiety. 

QuiBT, {qnies, L.] freedom from disturbance or alarms. 

Rest, [rest, S.] freedom from action or motion. 

Rbpobe, [repos, F.J sleep ; freedom front uneaaineis or fatigue. 

** His Bonl ahau dvell at eaae.^* Our country eDJoys quiet ; guut in re- 
tiremest ; rtal from labor ; repine for the weary. 

EASE, freedom from stifhess or constraint. 

Easiness, freedom from difficulty. 

Facility, [facilitas, L.] readiness proceeding from ekill or use. 

LiaaTNBBB, [liktim, to lighten, S.] want of weight ; miBleadiness. 

Eon of style, afbehariar; conncuofHtask, undertaking; he accomplished 
it with flu greatest /ocilitjr,' Ughtntu of a burden, of a)r, of mind. 

EAST, presenting no obstacles ; contented. 

Ready, [rad, S.] facile ; opportune ; near; convenient. 

Soiy to perform ; eupdispoamoii; AMftobeanderstood; reaiI|ireckoDeri 
rtadg eoDseat ; ready wit. 



EBULLITION, [ebullitio, a boiling up, L.] conunotion produced 
by heat. 
Etfervbbcencb, [efferveico, to ^ow hot, L.] agitatiou pro- 
duced by iuteitiDe motion of mineral Bubstancea. 
Febubntation, \fertitenlatio, L.] a spontaneous motion of the 
intestine particles which takes place in uiiaud and vegettdile 
Bobstances after life has ceased. 

Eballitim of water or an} other liquid ; ^macuia in chemical Dpera- 
UonB ; /(TDunf oJtaa of wine, beer, bread. Figuratively,— ebulAfiaii of ra^ ; 
cfcr««*M of the mind, of Uie passions ; " yonth /*™mii() the blood." — 

ECCLESUSTIC, Ukklesia, a church, Or.J ■ person dedicated to 

the service m the church and the mmiatry of reUgion. 

Divine, [divinw, L.] aminister of tbegospel; aprieat; a der- 

Tbeoloqian, [thms, Qod, and hgos, a discourse, Gr.] a pro- 

feasor of divinity. 
An ecelaiaatic {< coDoected with episcopacy ; ererr Christian preacher is 
denomiaated a dMiu ; wiitera in dlvliilt; are s^ed theolcgiaiu. 

ECLIPSE, [eh, out of, and leipo, to leave, Gr.] to doud ; to in- 
tercept the light. 
Obscure, [pbgewro, L.] to make less visible, or partially dark. 

The son is n^Ufll ; it is oucitnd bydoiids. Merit is ccltpfcd ; vuiue li 

ECONOMICAL, oot wasteful or estravanut. . 
Savins, frugal, paraimonious, not laviab. 
Sparinq, not liberal ; using fh^aUy. 
TualFTY, [trivei, to thrive, to increase, D.] not promise; not 

lavish ; using good management. 
PsMUBiotiB, r^enurio, scardn', L.] sordidly mean ; miserly. 
NlOOARDLY, [nij, straight, W.] avaricioiu. 
Persons ot nairow incomes uioald be (CMOmicaf ,- lo be tadag in a mode- 

rate degree may be right ; but we shonld aot 
proBumoo of - ■ r ... ■._.. ...... 

— . - (fcifljingelUng.weshouldnotbe 

aiggardli/ wretch i> jnatly desptsed. 

ECONOMY, [outo«, house, nomot, rule, Gr.] a judicious use of 
money, time, or labor. 
Frugality, \Jniffatite, F.] thrift; prudent use of money or 

Parbheonv, [ parstnHHiia, L.*] eieeuive frugality ; aparingness. 

The ""t""" of lui DieaaB eaiued him to eierdw Ua strictest eamomg in 
his affairs, and the utmost .yVafoItty In his persoanl iadnlgenoea, yet he was 
Dot chargeable with parrimmi!/. Seonomg and fragalilg are virtoes ; ptni' 



Hanagbmbnt, [mcnajis, houaeliold, F.] conduct, I 
Economn of guvemmeDt, of k bottle, of & hoiuehald ; 

Rapturb, [rapio, to seize, L.] Tioleoce of any pleasing passion. 
Transport, pranipwio, to carry OTer, L.] raviilinient j attxu 

of feeling. 
Ecttacy irflove; r^fam of joji (roiupiirli of joy, ngc, aogor. Holy 
ropftmi I auddoi (nuuporf ; diUdi^ tetiae]/. 

EDIFICE, liedes, a bouse,/(irio, to make, L-l a building. 

e rai»d the ifm^twy ,- be erected tbe td^te. 
U) animal ; fabric of tbc iui}vaic, 

EDUCATION, [rduco, to lead out. L.] bringing up; including in- 


Inhtroction, [iiutruclio, L.] the act of teaching ; infonnation. 
Breeding, [bradaa, to unfold, S.] Durture ; formation of 

Educalioii of duldnn and rODtti ; itutnteliiMS for penons in general ; ii 
ilmelion la bnslaeaa, the ait«, &c. ; hie agreuhle and poliilud mBane 
ebow tb*t he u s penoo of good Arudoiy. 

EFFECT, \effeclut, L.] that which U produced by an a^t or caus 
CoNSBSTiENCB, [coniemtentia, L.J event; that which foUows. 
Rbbvlt, {resalto, to rebound, L.] effect produced by the coi 
currence of co-operating cautei. 

Cause and ^eel ; tanuiatacii at actioDa ; a natnnl conuqaena ; tbe r 
mU of a cODSultadan, of a debate. 

EFFECT, [effKio, to produce, L.] to acoompbsh. 

pRODUOB, Iproduco, to lead forth, L.] to cause ; to exliibit. 
Perform, \_performo, L.] to execute ; to do; to discharge. 
J^ect a pnrpoae ; product a change, a lample. Ice. ; ptrfi/rm a pioadie, 

EFFECTIVE, producing effects, 

EvpiciBNT, l^icieju, L.] active; operative. 

ErreCTVAL, of adequate force. 

EmcACious, [fgicax, L.] powerful to produce tbe consequence 

Effective military feree i egieiaU canae ; rffictwd means, care, slop ; rfi. 
tadmu reraedy, motive, medicini. 

EFFIGY, {effigies, image, L.j any substance fiisbioned into the 
form of a person ; reprMentation. 
LiKBNiss, \iic, eimilar, S.] similitude in external qipesoance. 

: t;iX,.,lc 


Picture, [piefwrii, painting, L.] a Kiembluice of penoni o 
'' * -s drann in colon 
_ . , , anv « 
of the nund ; an idea. 

thinn drann in color*. 
Imaok, {imago, L.] auv corporeal repreientation ; a conception 

of the mind ; an idea. 
Statue, [atatua, that which is fixed, L.] solid repiesentstioD of 

any living bdng. 
Sffigs of a penoD ; actual Uitntii ; a fine pietun ; Image of diiiia ; a 
frigbCM image ; alatue of a king. Exact pUtwe ; he ia tlw itxj image oF 

EFFORT, [/ortw, strong, L.] ttruKle ; a rtraining. 

Exertion, [exa-to, to thrust forth, L.] the- act of putting into 

Ekdbavor, [eadmrra, he ought, N.] labor directed to some end. 
Ad ordiniiTy endtacor ; a deaperate ^orl ; a great exeriiim. 

EFFUSION, [effiaio, L.] the act of ponring out. 
Ejaculation, [^aculor, tA dart out, L.J the act of suddenly 

throning out, or utt^iug. 
Au eitravagaut iffiaim ; a tdoai fjaeitictiim. 

ELDERLT, [ttldor, older, S.] bordering on old age. 
AOED, [o^t, F.] stricken in years. 
Old, \mld, S.] past the middle part of life, not young. 

An tlderti/ penoa ; he is verj aged i aged horse ; aa old fellDH, woman, Sie. 

o suit, S.] well-pmportioned; sym- 
; ekstnt female ; graefful steps, lootion, nuumers ; 

ELIGIBLE, [e%o, to choose, L-] desirable ; suitable. 

Preferable, [pre, before,/ero, to carry, L.] eligible before 
something else ; more desirable. 

Eligible coaditioa, sitnatioD, person ; paffirabit aituation, office ; labor is 
pr^erable to iiulaleDce. 

ELOCUTION, [elocutio, from ehqaor, to speak out, L.] manner 
of delivery ; the poiver of speRking well. 
Eloquence, [eloiptektia, L.] natural fluency of expression and 
el^ance " 

Oratory, [orafor, apuolic^>eakeT,L.] the art of public speaking' 
Rhetoric, {rketor, a declauner. Or.] the art of speakmg with 

propriety, force, ' ' * * 

AbleAmKoa; gift of 
the r)irtBric of the beait, 

ty, force, and elegance; the power of persuasion. 
- ~"t of eloquena ; art of oratory ; the rules of rftetont 
ait, of the eyes. 

EMISSARY, {amsgarias, L.] one sent on a private message ; 
secret agent. 



d ascertain thdr strength. 
'" « tike cotudli d( an oppi 

CODGflaJfld, an emiHory m 

EmiMary is to tnfaeucc tike cotudli d( an opponent ; > 

EMIT, [emitto, to send out, L.] to dischtrge. 
ExuALB, [exhaio, to breathe out, L.] to send forth in rapor. 
EvAFORATB, [enopoTo, L.] to convert iuto v^mt; to be wasted. 

fimtf flsmeg ; exhalt maieture ; noporaff liqnida ; leal flfiporafti. 

EMOLUMENT, [nnofo, to grind, L.] compensation for serricei. 

Gain, [gain, F.] int^at; anything acquired. 

Profit, I prq^icio, to advance, L.] pecuniary advantage. 

Lttchk, [liHTum, L.] base, unworthy, gain. 

EntolMTont of office ; molmnenf coDiista of aalsrf , fees, and perqnidtu ; 
gaia of trade ; profit (rf labor ; lucri a di^onorable. 

EMPIRE, [imperima, L.] the re^on over which imperial dominion 
I is extended; a vast state. 
EiNCDOH, \ysng, chief, dom, jurisdiction, S.] the territory sub- 
ject to a monarch. 
Vast empirt ; sepaiate ktagiom ; Rnaiiaa tmpirt ; kingdom at Englaiid 

EMPIRE, imperial power; supreme control. 

Rbign, [rejnum, L.] royal authority; sovereignty. 

Dominion, [dammiam, L.] supreme authoifty ; imlimiled tvixy. 

Empirt of tliie Greeks, Ronuuu, Assyrian; ; rdgn at emperors, Idngs ; 

absolute domiitiim. Enqiirc of mind ; niga of fsabion ; domuwHi over the 

EMPLOT, [mi^loyer, F.] to keep busy ; to engage. 

Ubb, {ttsus, used, L.] to apply to any purpose. 

Employ time, talents ; employ persons to labor ; materials, inatrament, 
&c. are used. 1 have been annoyed in writing, and have wed all my pens, 
ink, and paper. 

. EMPTY, [tsmtig, idle, S.] containing nothing ; imfumished. 
Vacant, [paeans, L.] unfilled; unoccupied. 
Void, [tkibais, waste, L.] not possessing ; unaupplied. 
Devoid, destitute ; free iVom. 

ENCOMIUM, [en, in, hmaso, I celebrate in song, Gr.] praise ; 

Eulogy, [m, well, logos, discourse, Gr.] a speech or writing in 

praiae of another. 
Fakegvric, [pan, all, ageiro, to assemble, Gr,] an oration in 

praise of some diatinguiahed person or action. 
£n[i»niiim Dpon a work ; aibigi/ on the brave, heroic, and WDithy ; be 
pronounced a panegyric on bla IHend in the midat of the aaaembly ; a nritteo 



ENCROACH, [aeeroehtr, to catch with a hook, F.] to adrance 
graduallj and bv stealth upon tbe poaBeuioiu of another. 

Intbbnch, [in, and Iraitcher, to cat, F.} to enter upon the 
rights of another. 

Intrude, [intrudo, to thnut in, L.] to enter nitlulut iuntation 
or penniaaion. 

Invade, \tttvado, to go in, L.] to attack; to enter with hoatile 

Infrinob, [ni/WT>;o,tobreakin, L.] to violate lawioi 

ArtM penoiu encnach on others ; vc mnit not inlmcA be}Ouu uis uw. 
tnL bouudarles ; iittnde nat Into Mnnpany ifithout inTitation ; invade iu> 
penon'B rights, nor it^fiinge npon hia liberties. Tiu euem; inradtd tlw 

END, to finith ; to ceaie. 

Clobe, [clavsas, shut, L.] to conclude; to brii^ to a period. 

Tbkminatb, UermiTio, LV] to put an end to. 

Many «td their days with sorrow ; be cloatd his caieer ) the diapnte was 

END, [end, S.] conclusion of any action ; ultimate point. 

Extremity, [extrtmitaa, L.] remotest part ; .extreme verge. 

End of a journey ; end of life ; extremity of a tingdoju. 

ENEHY, [in, not, amcn$, friend, L.] a public or private foe. 
Fob, [/eon, to hate, S.] one who entertains hatred towards or 

is at war with another. 
Advbrbary, {adversas, i^nst or opposite, L.] one who be- 

longato the hostile par^ or nation. 
Opponent, [ogponnu, set against, L.] one who opposes another. 
Antaoonibt, [onfi, againat, ojronwtej, combatant, Gr.] one who 

contends with another. 
An injnrious nmnj/ ; a deadly /o« i an open udceriarg ; opponent in do- 
bate ; opponent is of the opposite party in disputation ; aafo^inif in battle. 

ENJOYMENT, possession with satisfaction. 
Gratification, [^yratifiealio, L.] that which affords pleasure. 

Snjoymffn^ of Boaety, mendsbip, study ; doaat^ enji^/ment ; gratifUatum 

ES and feelings ; scuasal gratOicatioii. OratMealitm 
• ■" (, which' ■■■ - 

Bc^, steady, and per- 

ENLARGE, [CTtiar^tr,F.] to makegreaterin quantity or appearance- 
Incbease, [creseo, to grow, L.J to make more or greater. 
Extend, [extmdo, to stretch out, L.] to enlarge ; to widen. 
Enlarge boundaries, prcmifles ; increase au anny, eipenccs \ extend lines, 

&c. ; ideas, views, fu. are nloreed; pains, pleasures, hopes, fears, are >a- 

creaiid i connexions, prospects, iuquiiies, are extended. 

ENUITV, uniUeudly disposition; malevolence. 
Animobity, [animoma, enraged, L.] vehemence of hatred ; open 
and passionate malignity. 



HaiTiLrry, [Aoffu, u enemr, F.] open war, 
Hatrbd, [hatum, to hite, 8.J ^reat oiilike ; extreme Bvemon. 
IhL-wiLL, nfalerolence ; malice. 

Rancok, [raitcmir, O. F.] inveterate maligni^; the deepeit 
■pite or malice. 

Powinal oHBttv j fierce ■niwHttir ; let of Jksfijtfy ; wuton ikwKUy. 
Dailj hiOrtd i Utter dUHMy; he bean him ili-miU ; a (plrit of niaeoraiid 

ENORMOUS, Imormit, out of mle, L.} 

Pkodioioub, Iprodi^iotui, L.J amaiing, HtonuiUDg, tuch aa 

may teem a prodigy. 
HoNSTKors, [monitrotiu, L."] atmige; unnatural in form; of 

unnaual nze. 

BMrmout nie, erlne ; luge beart, giant ; JBuneaw expaase ; vatt tract of 
land iprodigioiu ilRngthfUbor ; nmrfrmuierpeDt, image, height, iirDdocUon. 

ENOUGH, Igetu^m, to content, B.] in a niScient measure ; nich 

SurnoiBNT, [ftf^icicM, L,] equal to tuy end or purpoae; com- 
petent ; adequate to tlie wanta, 
" Bread ttuxigk and to apare." Honey tuavgi ; n^tdiKt time. " Wj 
gracs ia n^fficiiut for thee." 

o iniert namei in a catalogue. 
. S.] to put down in a Kit. 
RiGigTER, Irtgero, to *et down in writing, L.] to enter proceed- 
ing* in a book. 
Rbcord, [recardor, to call to mind, I>.] to r^iateifor the pur- - 

poie M pteKnwg authentic evidence of any thine. 
Hen an nn/lkd tor pnbllc terriee ; earalltd among the wortUea ; aiUittd 
Into the army ; ngiMltr the Urth, nurriage, dcMb, &e. ; reeori the deed ; 
eventi Tteoriei in hiitory. 

ENSLAVE, [efcloBe, (tere, F.} to reduce to lervihide or labjectios. 

Captitatb, [ooptiro, to take pritoner, L.] to overpower with 
excellence ; to engage the affectioni. 

Btalattd by bad pasalona, intemperance, Hnries ) capUealed by beauty, 
vjrtaca, amlahle qnalitia. 

ENTERPRISING, lenlrtprtadre, to undertake, F.] reiolute to 
attempt great or untried achemea. 
Advbntuboub, [anentureux, F.] inclined to incur haiard; bold 



ENTHUSIAST, [oitteoi, divine. Or.] one of mu 

exalted idins. 
Fanatic, [^anatieiu, ueing niiont, L.] * man affected nith 

wild notiDDB. 
ViBiONABY, [vtno, a viuon, a seeing, L.] one whose imagination 

it disturbed ; one nho forau impracticable ichemeB. 

An tnlAtaiait In make, poEtr;, pstriottc news ; a/oiMtu: boip perrerM 
religions feeliiiga ; a rbioMry in idle bmclfnl pcqjectB. A person of anlait 
rrligious leal ia an tnlhmat .• », fanatic pnttendi to iiuplratioa. 
ENVY, [inwdeo, to see agaiiist, L.] ill-will escited by the (uccett 

of another. 
' Emulation, [amulatio, L.] a desire to imitate ; equal, or excel 

RiVALRV, \rival\taM, L.] a strife to obtain an object which ano- 
ther is pursuing. 
Wc ihonld b« eaotioiu of aieovTsging rnolry among jo<ms persona, lest 

the tmniatiim we eidte ehonld degenerate into aey. 

EPISTLE, [epi, unto, stelio, I send, Gr.J a written commimieatiott 

sent to a person or persona at a distance. 

Letter, niiera, L.l a written message. 

fipiiJIei of St. PhdI, of Cicero, ot Plinr ; tfe style of Ml en ought to he 
eas; and ustnral. The former Is used for speaking of solemn or formal 
tiaaiactioas, the latter in ^miliar correepoadence. 

EPITHET, [q», and fifiemi, I place, Gr.] a word denoting any 
quaUty, good or bod, in the person to wbich it is applied. 
Adjbctivb, \adjicio, to add to, L.] a word used with a noun to 

express its quality. 
E^htt io rhetoric ; as, Aleiaader the Great. Aijccthe in grammar i as, 
a xvrdanl lawa. 

EQUAL, [mqualU, L.J having the same bulk, or any qusUty that 
admits compansou. 
EviN, [e/en, bud down, SJ level with; parallel to. 
EeUABLE, [aquabilis, L.J equal in motion, velocity, or tem- 
Like or Alike, [lie, or gelic, similar, S.] resembling. 
Unifoem, [ana*, one,/ortn<i, form, !■.] not variable; " 

with itself. 

Equal in nmnber, l^dglit, sge, size, Sec. ; even with the groimd \ tqwihit 
movement, miad, tenor, temper ; otUc la shape, color, appearancx ; uniform 
In conduct, hehavior. 

ERADICATE, [erorfico, torootout, L.] to tear up anything that 

out, L.] to destroy wholly. 

a drive from the borders, L.3 to 



ERROB, [«rror, a wandering, L.] a deviation from the truth. 

Mistake, [inu«, and lake,"] muconeeption. 

Blunder, a miitake throuah ht«te or carelennen. 

Fault, [fauUe, 0. F.] slight offence ; failing ; imperfection. 

Wc ue liable to tmr emy moment of our Ihea i errart of Jiid(emcBt ; 
cTTOn In ealcnlntiDn ) a giou mUtakt ; a shuDefol bluubr. RMttfr an 
error; ooireet a/naJf . 

ERUDITION, [e, out, rwfif, ignonnt, L.] knowledge gained by 

KNOnLEDSE, [enamaa, to know, S.] illnmiuation of the 

mind; information. 
SciEKCB, [teioMa, L.]_the general prindpld or leading truths 

relating to aoj' tubject. 
Lbaknino, [leorman, to learn, S.] ildll in lingnageaoracienceB; 

■cholaatic knowledge. 
LiTKBATUBB, [Uteraturo, L."] acquaintance with books or letters. 
He wu (tossesied of great depth of emditum ; he hod accamnlated a Tut 
stock of hioaltdge ; he ma well Tcned In icience, and eminent la Iconui; ; 
be had traversed eroy path of literattm. 

ERUPTION, [eruplTO, a breaking out, L.] bursting forth ; violent 

Explosion, [exploth, to burst forth with noise, L.] a sudden 

burst of sound. , 
Sntptian of s volcam), of the enemy's boops ; expUaion of gunpowder \ 
etpbMtn of auger. 

ESCAPE, \ichapptr, F.] to flee from ; to get out of danger. 

Eldpb, \e, out of, ana hda, to play, L.J to avoid by stratagem or 

EvADB, \eeado, to ^ out, L.] to slip away ; to avtdd l^ sub- 
terfuge or sophistry. 

He narroHly atapt> 
bU safe to Isnd." Et 

ESPECIALLY, [spectolu, proper, L.] in an uncommon degree. 
Pabticdlably, in reference to one person or thing ; not uni- 
Princifallv, [jirtacgM, sovereign ruler, L.] above all; above 

the rest, 

Chibflt, iek^f, the head, N.] eminently; in the first place. 

We shoold prhuiptiUy and apeciaibi endesTOr to gain a knowledge of those 

things which portifuiorljf coneemoai well-being. The Irish peasants feed 

cM^y on potatoes ; the followen of that fanatical leader were cAie^y otthe 

ESSAT, [cMoycr, to try, F.] a short immethodical composition on 
a particular subject. 
Tkeatisb, {traetatui, L.] a composil^on of indefinite length and 
more method tbut an essay. 



Tract, [traetalnt, L.] k imkll book ; a mittoi) diacoune. 
Dibbkhtatioh, [liif, tnd ten, to tow, L.] a formal dwcomw 
intended to illuMiMe a nibiect. 

A iboit ftay ; detubcd OMyt. " jStaayi on the Ait of bdng Ha^iy." 
TrtaKK on edncation, on the pBiiioni. Plutucta'B dittertaliiM iuwd the 
PoetB ; Ba;le'g ditiertaiieii " on the Sonls of Brntca ;" a leaned diturta- 
timt. Political and religioufl iract$M 

ESTEEM, [(Vttimo, L.] to deem wortb^ of fiioulilup or good opinion. 

Rebpbct, [rflifncio, L.l tonew with tome degree of tererence. 

Bboabd, {rtgarder, F,] to notice fcTorably or with acceptuiee. 

Vbkbratb, [pmeror, to wonMu, 'L.] to treat with veneialioD. 

Valcb, [paleo, to be worth, L.J to deem of great worth. 

PniZB, Ipretium, price, L.] to rate highly. 

fiifHn Cbe TirtDOoa, tiu god ; respicl evny man aecordiug to his rank, 
dlgnit:r> and talent! ; rtgari yonr Iriend ; regard good ccnuKl ; a pcnoQ tM 
vtiurated for lug ]^etj asd emicieiit qnalitka. Mm eabc gold, goods, rtpo- 
tation, la. ; prize jewrla, osefnl memben of aodeCj. 

ESTIMATE, to adjust the Talue of. 

CoMPUTi, [eompato, to tlirow together, L.] to calculate. 

Rate, [reor, to set in the mind, £.1 to set a price upon- 

Appkbciatb, [ad, and ttrefittm, L.] to estimate duly. 

BsTBEM, to TUue ; to lorm an opinion of. 

Eitimatt the eipenae, the valne \ tornpali the gain or loss ; raft the pio- 
perty ; apprttiatt tharacter ; etltat merit, talent. 

ETERNAL, [atemus, L.I widiout beginning or end of existence. 

Endlbsb, without eno ; without termination. 

Ever LA DTI NO, enduring forever; perpetual; immortal. 

"The etenul God;" "denuj lile ;" "eadba nigfati" "ttxriaitiat 
glory ;" endtta controTcrria, dtspntes, &e. 

EVADE, [niuU>, to go out, L.l to elude t^ sophistry or art. 

EaviTOCATB, [aqittti, equal, vox, a word, L.] to use words of 

double or of doubtful meaning. 
Prbvaricatb, [DranaHcOT, L.] to quibble; to shuffle. 

fiDade a question ; duhaDestperBOnsniiHfeinitdemandiaiidfeiiqaestkms; 
they upmocah in order to decaye others, and to promote their own mt e res* » ; 
they prenancaf e in order tn escape detection. 

EVASION, Mtifice to elude ; aophirtry. 
Shift, [aJ^oom, to diange abont, 8w.] one tiling tried \i\x» 

anothw &ils. 
SoBTEKVUOB, \tahter, under, fngio, to flee, L.] that to which 

a peraon resorts for escape. 
Subtle nwiion ; j^tUUl th^ ; a sly wiAtafiift ; he had ncottne to niilir- 

EVIDENCE, [e, out, and mdeo, to see, L.] the force of u argn- 
laent ; uiat which enables the mind to see troth. 
TESTiKONy, {testimonium, L.] declaration of a witness. 

the Tmweention * 
or the bet. 

could Dot b« shsken 

I hkdpoeitiTeinv^artbe 

EVIL, [e/eJ, S.] or ILL, [iHo, Sw.] (mything that prodncM p«n. 

MiBFaRTUHK, [ms», and/ortune,] an evilscddent. 

Harm, [htarm, S.] injiuy; wrong; hurt. 

HiacHiBP, [oMi, wrong, and chtf, head, 0. F.] injury i hurt. 

^kneSB, dieaue, loaa, ealuilty, arc tviU: a^ortme In thelfws of pro- 
perty, 8ic. " Do thyself do fcimi ;" he reednd harm ; he took iarm ; do 
no mUcM^. 

> require authoritatiTelT. 
xt wreit froni, L.] to draw trota by (brce or 

Let yonr demnnds bejiut, do not emttof any one; a tyrant ccforfiirhat- 
enr he can get from those under his Enflnenee. He exacted obediencx ; he 
ettortid a amfeesioo. 

EXAMINATION, [exanuM, the needle of a balance, L.] the act of 

mquirmgintotheacqniuldoii of atudenta; accurate inipection. 
ScABCH, set of Reekiug after something which ia lott or not yet 

Insuiry, [ingatro, to leek, L.] *eeldDg for information by 

Rbsbauch, [recherche, F.] diligeiit and continued inquiry. 
Invbbtioation, [investigo, toTcdlow in a tnct, L.] minut« and 

deliberate search' 

ScRCTiHY, [scrutor, to piy into, L.l critical 

hepnre (or the day of exammalUm ; ttcrck after haj 

hepnre (or the day of txammoHon ; ttarck after happlncH ; ponae honeet 
jnfufpiM 1 the Teiearcha of the leaned ; ■ patient nmetligaliOH ; ■ strict 

EXAMPLE, [exeir^bun, L.] that whidi is proposed u a copy, or 
for a caution. 
Pattbrk, [potrooji, Du.^ that which ought to be imitated 
either in things or — ' 

Ensahplb, [exoMtlum, L.] lubject of imitation. 

Set B good example ; be fi eo bod that he oiu^ to be made sn eraiBpli of 
tbrpaittnt wQl be your guide ; a patlem at Chiiitiau virtue ; emampte I 
soDuitinm used. In the sounm style, (or taaaplt, as, " ennnnpluto the flock.' 

EXAMPLE, aomething Mne before which diipoiea to imitation. 
Pbbcrdbht, Ipriteedms, moring before, L.J something said or 

done before. 
Wc have not onl} a preetdaU (or our conduct, but an examplt sjao before 
oar ejta. — Led by example ; gralded by precedent. 

EXAMPLE, a particular case illustrating a generd rule. 

Instancb, {insto, to be at hand, to press, L.] a case offered. 

I addace this iixatancc from uuqnestionatde authority, in order that it may 
serre for an example. 



EXCEED, ItxcedQ, to pui out, L.] to go beyond * limit. 

SuKPAHB, [smpiaser, F.] to pasa beyond. 

BxcRL, [rxcelio, L.] to outdo in good qualitieB. 

Transcend, Itranscendo, to climb beyond, L.] to lunnouiit. 

Outdo, [oat, and ilo,] to perform beyond imother. 

Hifl apeoajtat^ excfeiU Ma iocome; he wa§ surpassed in the art by hi* 
brother, it sarpasiti all eip«cUtLoaa ; strire to excel la all honorable- poi- 
Buita. *^ Whose actjoiu fir Iraveend hii fame" He strove iaouido Ids 
fonncT deedi. 

EXCELLENCE, lesKtlUrUia, L.] the aUte of abounding in good 
SupBRiOKiTT, [ntper, above,] the quality of being greater or 

higher than another. 
He posseasea a tuperiorUg in rank, diput^i and attaloments over bis con 
tempoTuies. Parity of heart, akDcerity, [ueCy are aeelienda of chaiscter. 

EXCESS, [excesiiu. L.] that which exceeds anv measure or limit. 

Superfluity, {supa-i and^uo, to flow, L.J more than enough. 

Rbdundanct, \redimdo, to rail back, L.] that which ia more 
than natural or neceaaaiy. 

Eieeas of Aeat, cold, &c. ; exeea ot joy, grief, &c. ; rtprrfaitji of jinnl- 
uona, vealth ; retbaidancy of norda. Or images. 

EXCESSIVE, far beyond the common measure or limit. 
Immoderate, [immorferaliw, L.] exceeding juat bounds, 
Intemperate, \intempeTatui, not restrained, L.] indul^ng to 

SxceasiBe danuiges, poaakm, waeea ; ininw<Jera/e rrief ; intemperait lan- 
goage, Ijfe, eitpree«OD. — Eiceakt mdidgence ; immSeraie eater or drinker ; 
iilemperale muth; intemperate in enjoymeat,ia thenae of eplrltuons liqnon. 

EXCURSION, [etcnrno, L.I an expedition to a distant part. 
Ramble, {rammelen, Du.j a going about without any detenni- 

nate object. 
Tour, [tour, a turn, F.l a joumey in a circuit. 
Trip, [tariba, to move lightly. Arm.] a aliort voya^ or joumey. 
Jaunt, flight, short joumey. 

An txcurrion Into the coimtry ; a ramble in the woods ; a (our throngli 
Scotland] a <rq) to ScBiborDugh ; a mere jaurtl. . 

EXERCISE, [extrceo, to use, L.] to tnun to uae ; to perform. 
Practice, [Gr.] to perform custfimarilj. 
Exercist an art { pracliet a professioa. — Exercise patience ; proefite bene- 

EXERT, [exero, to thrust forth, L.] to nse with an efibrt. 
ExBKCiaB, to put in uae ; to use for impravement. 
Bxtrl atrength, voiee, loflnenee ; txertist the Umbs, body, nnderatandliiK. 



Pbbsvade, Ipertaadeo, to urge, L.] to influence by entreaty ; 

to incline the will. 
HinlMen, puvntt, uuutcn ahort ; trlenda lud «qnila fiemiule. 

EXIOGNCY, [erMO, to exact, L.] pretunng uecexiitf . 

Emehoency, [emergo, to plunge, L.l any sudden occaaiom. 
The eommon txv/ciuia of life ; an eitraorjbiarf tntrgaicg. 

EXIST, [txiito, to preaeut itael( to fix, L.] to have a being. 

Live, [Ii;!an, S.J tohBTe the vital principle. 

WliateTCT It, aisti ; bnt only those thln^ that hate organic tnnctloDa in 
opera^n can be said to.IiH. 

EXONERATE, [etonero, to unload, L.] to diiburden of blame, 
reapoDiibility, at debt. 
Exculpate, [est, and calpo, to blame, L.] to clear from the im- 
putation «' a fault or guilt. 
He completely taaJpaled himself, and vai taenerated from the charge of 

EXPEDIENT, [expedieiu, haatening, L.] untried means denied to 
accompliflh an end. 
Resource, [retitmree, F.] any aoorce of aid or tupport. 
Being detdent in raoarca, he had reconne to atpeditnlt. 

EXPEDIENT, tending to promote the olgect proposed. 

Fit, [pittea, FL] proper; suitable; meet. 

It is txptdiail that, as years iurease npon lu, w« pepaie for death ; it is 
ootjU for an old man to ^m at the pleaaares of youth. 

EXPERIMENT, [experimenltan, trial, L.] something done in order 
to diseoTer an uncertain or unknown effect. 
Trial, [trekker, to draw, D.] act of examining by experience. 
Proof, evidence sufBcient to induce belief. 
Eipermad to prore ; Irial to choose ; pnx/ is the etfCct of eipertment. 

EXPLAIN, [ezptono, to nuke smooth, L.] to make plain or intel- 

Expound, [expono, to lay open, L.] to lay op^ the meaning. 
Interpret, [niterpretor, L.J to translate unintelligible words 

into intellipble ones. 
Illustrate, [tlAufro, to make bright, L.] to make obvious. 
BLUCtDATB, lelucido, to make clear, L.] to remove obscurity. 
Exptaia a word or sentence ; expound a vork ; expound the Serlptures i in- 
terprtt the inscription ; Uhutratt by examples ; tlueHaii a Hibject. 

EXPLANATORY, serving to explain. 

Explicit, [expfiintiM, unfolded, L.] open to the underttanding. 
Express, {expretaus, pressed out, L,] direct ; not merely implied. 
An cxj^anators efdstle ; an expttcif proof ; a dear and txpiini notion ; 



EXPOSTULATE, [expoiMo,toKtiwneant«*Qj,L.]tatagBtiga- 
meutt agaitut improper couduct. 

Krhonbtrats, [rawnutro, to show igsmit, L.] toi^pose with 
, presaiiig luggeitioos. 

Expoiluiate inth aotliority ; rtmoiulmte wltli rcqueat and compUiuf. 
GoTcmors, teadrnfl* txpntuiale ; ctnucKncc, jiutice, r 

EXTENUATE, [«r(«ii», to make thin, L.1 to lewen, 

Palliate, {pallio, to cover with a cloak, L.] to aoften by £a- 
Tonible represeatatioiu. 

His ignomicc nuTii Mme reapecta atntaatt the goOt of hii oBaat; but 

it ia in vain to attempt to palliate the offence by art. 

EXTRANEOUS, {extraneiu, foreign, LJ not belonging to. 

Extrinsic, [extrnuecia, outw&rd,L.Tcitemal;notcontainediii. 
FoitKioN, Iforii, fnm abroad, L.] aaventitioua ; alien. 

Bxiraittout matter ; atrvaie merit ; /ottigH to the ptupoie. 
EXTRAORDINARY, [esfraonfiaaniu, beyond what is usual, L.] 

Reuarkablb, [rtmarqtieble, F.] worthy of ipecial notice. 
ExIraordinaTy gealua, powen, Imtance i remariaiit ugaeity in a dog ; 

EXTRAVAGANT, lextrmagam, wandering beyond, L.] vainly 

expensive ; exceeding due bounds. 
Prodioal, Iprodiao, to drive forth, L.] apending without ne- 

cead^; wasteM. 
Lavish, mdiscreetly liberal. 
Frovubr, [pTijfiinu, poured out, L.] Uberal to excess. 

Sxlnnagmt In spoiding maaer in aa mireasoaablc mamier ; prodifal ia 
Bpeading it in eiee» ; a man may n prodigal of bia Btrength, liealtb, eitatc, 
&c. ; Imiili la beatorlDg: favon ; pr^iat la tatertaloments. 

EXTREMITY, [entremilia, L-] the end; the furthest degree. 
ExTREUK, [extremut, last, L.] utmost point ; highest degree, 
Exirtaats ol a Une i tatriemtt^ ot eold ; avoid atnmti t txtrtmn meet ; 
alrmilg of poverty, diatrCH i txtrmu of joy, sorrow, fuhlon. 

EXUBERANT, Uxvberatu, swelling out, LJ over-abundant. 
Luxuriant, [hxuriaiu, growing rank, L.] superfluously plen> 

FABLE, Ifabula, L-] a fictitious story intended to enforce aoinc 
lU^ul truth or moral precept. 
Tals, [fale, S.] a narr^ve ; a series of adventure*. 



NovBL, [novellm, new, L.] an extended tale intended to exhibit 

the operation of the pMiian*. 
Romance, [ronxiR, F.] a milituy &b1e of tbe middle age* ; t, 

tale of wild and impobable adrenturea. 
An initnictiTe/iiMe/ an •—"■'"c '"'" oo biterraUiig nortl; awondoM 

face ;• the featurei. 

TiBAOB, [vitofft, F.J look of ft penon or animal. 

Natural/oM .- Uke «niiit(iuN« and vitagc depend on the state of tbe mind, 
and conKqaentiy ace variable and cbangeablei tenntcHoHce U general, tixagt 
particular; chenfol or melanchol]' cDutlflmn/ pale, grim, ttiagi. — Fati 
■nd taage are alio applied to bnitea ; Uu other tenn ii eonfned to men and 
anperior bdnga. 

PACE, tlie aide nhid prewnti itaelf fint to view. 
Front, {front, L.] the fore part of any thine. 
Fate of a clock ; front of a honie, itagt ; /ate of thlngi. 

FACETIOUS, ifacttitKC, F.] ^wtivei aprightly with wit and 
CoNVKBSABLB, [cofHiertor, to be turned to, L.] qualified fbr 

couTeraation ; diiposed to converse. 
Plbasant, [pfoMimt, F.] delightful; agreeable; ebeerful. 
Ta^*<> . (k r ...«.j^«o ^»« .'^.^. - ;«!..« r n mv^ airy, lively. 
I, giveu to jest. 
le is ver; jotoit ; his laugnag* 

Jocular, ^joeularia, fromjoeiw, a joke, L.l gaj 
Jocose, tjoeotua, joking, L.] merry, waggiih, a 
He la fnU irf hnmor, and very faalvmi ; he abmindB u 

FACTION, [fanio, to make, L.J a politicBl c 
^auut the govemmeut. 
Pabtv, [purtu, L.] peraona united in opinion or desigu. 

-An odiona/acMim,- Ajmis is al«B dishanorable asspdatloa fiian ■ fae- 
tio»\ the WUgfKirfy; Toryfwrfjr; porfia eiist in all govemmenta. 

FACTIOUS, [faetUant, L.l riven to i 

Sbditious, [Mffiftomi, L.l tumultuous I turbulent. 

Faetkmt temper; Hdtfimu conamt, p<uni*let.^Faeiio« person, dema- 

gogne ; aeiiliom multitade. 

FACTOR, [/actor, L.] a person employed by merchanta to trantact 
AoBNT, [agent, acting, L.] a Bubstitate, a depu^. 

Tbe term faeter la more Umiled ttiau agmli a/acter la employed to buy 
and aell goodi ; aaajml to tnosact any, and all kinds of bnaineea. 

FADED, [_fade, insipid. P.] deprived of freshneaa, vigor, or color. 
WiTHBRED, [gviu, W,] grown sapleiB ; dried up. 
Afrded flover may recover, a vilhertd one cannot. 


134 FAIL — FAITH. 

FAIL, \_faiU>, to alide, L.] to cease ; to became exluiuted. 

Fall bhobt, not to attain the end proposed. 

DaFlciBNT, [defiao, to want, L.] to be defective or imperfect. 

Fail In dutj, perfomuncB, endeaiora ; /alli lAori of our cipeetatloiis, 
hopes, irtihei ; dgStimJ in good numners ; dgWnU in his acconnts. 

FAILURE, omiwion; deca;; defect. 

Failing, imperfection, lapse, slight foult. 

Fttlire of mcaga, of \ promige, mediocT, ugfat. We en iiibject to many 
tdHiigi both morel and inteUntoal. 

FAILURE, slip ; want of the desired reault. 

UiBCAimiAOE, imbappy event of an undertaking. 

Abortion, {abortio, L.J the act of failing during pn^resa to- 
wards perfection. 

FaOan of his deeign, enedittDp, plan ) wc are labject to many miHar- 
riaga in the course of our hvc* ; oAarMoa of a schenu, deaign, &c. 

opajr debts. 

1 whose biuineagis broken up through not having suffi- 
cient to pay his debt. 
A state of iiisDlHncil .- act of iaMlceney ,- fiabtre in business ) act ot doaJt- 

FAINT, [/one, 0. F.] weak, feeble, droojiing. 
Lanovid, [lafljruiinu, f '' — ■-- --'-^ 
Faint heart ; linjru'l frame 

Lanovid, UaHmidus, L.l exhausted; in^sposed t< 

, [cIoriM, br^bt, L.] imdouded ; open ; plain ; unnw^ed. 
Fair ireather ; eltar sky ; fiar skia ; char from spots. A/ntr statement, 
Gontduing every thing that lus been advanced on csch side ; slso clear aad 
easy to be Dndastooa. 

FAIR, open ; ingenuous ; just ; not injurious. 

Honest, \himestut, L.] upright, true, sincere ; fur in dealing- 

GauiTABLB, [nqiHu, L.] distributing equal justice. 

Reasonable, [raiionttahle, F.] moderate ; agreeable to reaaon. 

A/ofr tradeaman acts towards hJs costomeiB as he vonld wish them to 
act toinirds himself, were their aitoatiaii changod ; an hirtat tradesmao 
gives lawful weight and measore, but only consults his own advantage. — la 
another sense, fair is less than honat .- fear in dealing ; howtt in all dings. 

A /oiV estimate, question ; fgvi/oA^ judgement, decision; rtatoKoble price, 
chsr^, demand, pToposilion. 

FAITH, Ijidn, trust, L.] a cordial belief iu the system of revealed 
truth held by the Christian church. 
Creed, [credo, I believe, L.] a form of words in which the ar< 

tides of faith are comprehended. 
The Christtan/aflh ; creni of a cburcb, or sect. He had no f<tith in that 



FAITH, word or honor pledwd. 
Fidelity, [jfArltdw, L.] tuthAil adhereucei caiefUl obwrruice 
of du^. • 

To keep mu faiih, istobe/aHlifid in malntaiiung the cootdence repOHd in 
lu ; we onght to keep our faith even with la enemy ; a nstioiial breach of 
faith leads to war. We Bhonld show ouifidtlity in dl om aetions, relatioiu, 
and eooneiisiu ; hoibandi and wivei should maintain a ambnal fidelity. 

FAITHFUL, firmly adheiing to duty or truth. 

Trusty, [trywaan, to trust, 8.] hone«t ; fit to be tnuted. 

He iaf(/itlifiit to his promi»B and engagements ; Iruity servant ) fruity 
bow, sword. •• Faitl^ tajing." 

FAITHLESS, dislojal, not true to duty. 
Unfaithful, Tiolating confideuce ; neglecting duty. 
Pbsfidiovb, [per, thiough,jIiiu, &ith, L.] hrealuiig through 

futb 1 false to tnut. 
Tbbachbroub, [tricherie, acheatmg, 0. F.] guiltjr of deaerting 

or betraying ; rioUting allegiance. 
FaithUat la posmielj acCiag contrary to foith, or fidelity ; ui^aUlffiil In 

fALL, the act of descending by the force of gTtiTity ; degradation 
DowNFAL, \doan, and/oK,/ orerthrow; all from rank or *-"- 

FALL, \fealltn, S,] to descead by the force of gravity. 

Drop, \dropia>t, S.J to let fall ; Co come tram a hi^er place. 

Droop, [drepaa, 8. J to hang down. 

Sink, \smcan, S.] to fall gradually ; to enter deeply. 

Tumbls, [fumiian, S.] to come down suddenly and violently- 

Tlte enow/a[£i; the ndn drop, and nnit in the eartit; leaves dtvopi the 
head droapi ; Uanbte in accident ;' sink into poverty. As ttifl words droned 
&tim hie Ups, they lani Into my heart. . 

FALLACIOUS, [fallax, LJ false ; producing disappointwent. 

Deceitful, \aeeaa, N.] tending to mielead or ensnare. 

Fraudulent, l/raudulentta, L7\ obtained byutifice; deceitM 
in making contracts, 

Fallacima hopes, idea, opkdoa ; dectilfitt charms, appearance ; fraadulenf 
practice, attempt to gain money. 

FALL.1CY, ^JitUacia, deception, L.] sophism j logical artifice. 

Delusion, ^delvsio, L.] mialeading; false representation. 

Illusion, [illusio, L.] mockery ; deceptive appearance. 

"The fallacy of an argnment, pTt>poHitioD ; tlic ignorant are liable to detu- 
BOH! tUHnoM of th% senses, teoey. 



FALSEHOOD, an untrue auertiOn. 

Falsity, [faltitet, L.] inoonformity to trail). 

Lib, [fy^e, S.] ft erinuDU and intentioiul vioUtioii of truth. 

Untrvth, \u», and treovth, S.] contrariety to trath. 

F<dtdiood to a dvll term of rcpcobatioii applied to an talnlh ; fie ii as 
imciTil and Tnlgar one ; Uw/aZiify of his anertion. 

FAME, l/ama, L.1 celebrity ; public and raTonble report. 

Rbpwtation, [repvtatio, L.j credit; character by report. 
Rknown, trenoirmue, F.] praise widely eitended, 
Tlie fame of SolomaD, of Howud, of Washingtiin ; hit r^ulaliim ia ei- 
tablished ; he haa gaiaed great mouH b; hu brave and noble deeda. 

FAME, public opinion; common rqnite. 
Rbpobt, [reporto, to carry back, L.] Btatemeiit or ittny dr- 

Rum OB, [rumor, L.] flyii^ report; atory paaring &oin one to 

anotEer without authori^. 
Hearsay, [Amr, and tag,'] common talk. 
Hla /ami ii gpread abroad ; such is the report i a Tagne rumor ,- men 

FANCIFUL, [phantatia, a vision, L. and Qr. and ,/W,] imagina- 

Fantastic, indulging the vanriea of imagination. 
Whimbical, fcunm, a turn, W.] freakish; having odd fancies. 
Capbicious, [copncintie, F.] apt to change i humoraome. 
Ftauiful o[riiiioii ; /antaitic mind, dresa ; idaBuical iuTenliaD ; caiinciDM 

FARE, l/arma, food, S.] food prepared for the t«ble. 
Pbovibion, [provideo, to see before, L.] victuals, provender. 

FAREWELL, [/oron, to ^, S. and weJ,] * wish of h^frineia at 
partine ; an enireasion of separadtHi. 
Adiev, [aaieu, q, d, I commend yon to God, F.} an eipreauon 

of kind wiahea at parting. 
Fameell to men, or things ; odin to hnmao creatnrea alone. 

FARHEB, [ftrmia; F.] one who cultivates a fum. 
HuBBANDHAN, [ftuf, s house, sud Iwend, a &rmer, S.] one who 

works in tillage. 
AoRicuLTUBisT, [o^n-, afield, caitwa, tillage, L.] one skilled 

in agriculture. 
A skilful ^nin' wlU manage his farm with propriety, and direct flie kai- 
batimai in thdr labDn. A practical farmer; a sdEatifie or flworetleal 


F AITIDIO tl»— » A BT. 

ViavKt, [Jgara, L.] ihape; outline; image. 
FoBU, [fornia, L.] virible nppeamice; repreteutation. 

FatMmnthe ark; caned or fiSateifijurc; dmiltt /orm. 

FASTIDIOUS, lfiuHdio*iu, diadainful, L.] deLcate to i 
difficult to pleaae ; ova nice. 

3, [for qualmiik, lick,] eaiily diagiuted ; nice to 

FATIGUE, [falu/iie, F.] the atate of being tind through bodily 
or mental exertion> 

WsARiNBss, [wMr^, tired, S.] exhanition of atrength. 

Lasbitudb, ^aaitvdo, L.] weaknen; languor. 

Toil and 9taAj prodiiGe /aHgiu ; wrarinoM tKna traTcUioff, atanding, 
nuTehing, want <rf axf ; hot weather pnxtaeea loMitwIc of bod; ; iadtdcDce 
pradnoa hmilndf both of bod; and mliid. 

FAVORABLE, r/aooradtlit, L.I conrenient; advaiitageoua. 
Propitious, [proptfMu, L.]ikn>rable; kind; friendly. 

FoBOriMt tircniiu&iKe, matber ; prBfaAmu gale, aeaaon. 

FEARFUL, {fear Bnd>UJ appreheniiTe of evil. 

Timorous, \tiTMrosia, L.l ibrinbing from luppoaed danger. 

Timid, [(imubf, L.] wantuig courage to meet aanger. 

Afraid, [the put participle oS affray,'] struck with fear. 

Fiarful of daoger ; the timdnmi an onen i^-aid where then ii no ciiue 
of fctf . The timid hare. 

FEARFUL; imprewing fear. 

DsEADFUL, [dread xaAfiJl,'] impreiaing great fear or ane. 

Frightful, full of terror; exciting alarm, 

Trbmkndous, [treiaeiuitu, L.] nich m may aatoniah or excite 

Tbrriblb, [tembilU, LJ formidable, awful. 
Tebhific, [lerrificut, Ljcaiudng terror. 
Hobriblb, Ihorribilii, L.'j enormouii tending to ezdte horror. 

FEAST, [/lutum, L.] a mmptnoua repwt of which a number of 

guesta partake. 
SA'<<lf BT, Ibanqael, P.] a rich entertainment of eating and 

Cabodsal, [eraotei, drunkenoeaa, Ir.] a bacchanalian featiral. 
Entbbtainmbnt, [from mtertoM,] treatment of friendi; eon- 

TiTiai proriaiou. 
Treat, [from to treat,] an entertainment given. 
Pablic /cut ; splendid banqiul ; drinking carmual ; pleasing nlcrtolii- 
mail i a treat tot aerrautB, childiea. 

FEAST, an annivenary ceremony of feutiiig, rejoicing, or thanks- 
Fbstival, day of dvi] or religious joy. 
H0LIDA.T, [holy and day,] a day devoted to ecclesiastical so> 

lemnities ; a day of amusement and exemption from labor. 
If thcR be tDj dietiiictian in tluw words, in the sense inteaded in tUs 
connexion, wc shoald taj, a ucred/nuf ; a anuiod/ultnil ; the Christmas 
koUdayt i a holiday from badness, Bchool, &c. 

FEEL, Ifelan, to touch, S.] to experience. 

CoNHCious, [cotucio, to know, L.] to be aware b; conscience 

or inteinal perception. 
Sbnbibli, r««nt>o, to perceive, L.] to have the power of per- 
ceiving by the senBes. 
We/eel pain, pleasure j ue ctnunoiu of onr merits, or demerits ; lensiblt 
of tlie kindness ot our friends. 

FEEL, to have perception of thingi by the touch. 
Handlb, [haadeleit, Du.} to use or hold with the hand. 
AeJtliia piece of Bilk; AswUe a staff. 

FEELING, mental perception. 

Sbnhation, [senaalioTi, F.] perception by means of the senses. 
Sensb, [sntnu, L.] moral pereeptdou ; consdousness. 
Plesssnt or nnpleasanl/Kli'tj ; an agreeable t^nsoKim ; a loue of religioa. 

FEELING, mental perception ; tenderness. 

Sbnbibilitt, [sensiaUti, F.] acuteness of feeling. 
SuBCKPTiBiLiTY, [»ii«eipw, to take, L.] quality of admitting ; 

tendency to receive tome change. 
Internal feeling ; quick tentSitiiig ; siuceptibility to impressions of bodj' 

FEIGN, [jinjro, L.] to moke a show of, to exhibit a false appearance. 
Pbgtend, [priEfeiuIa, to stretch forward, L.] to pnt m a claim, 

truly or &liely. 
Feign Bickneae, poreity, SMnm ; pretend to learning, zeal, patiiotiBm. 

FELICITATE, [/dKito, to make happy, L.] to express joy ot 
CoNOHATVLATB, [coo, together, gratalor, to please,L.] tocom- 
pliment with expressions of joy. 

Ve/elieitate ourselves, emtyroMaie others. 

FELLOWSHIP, companionship ; familiar interconrse. 

Society, [societas, L.] uaion of a number of ratioual beii^ in 
one Kenersl interest. 

ir join the sodeiy of the 

FEMALE, [Jemella, a woman, L.] pertaining to a woman. 
Fbhihinb, [/eminifiu*, L.] tender; delicate. 



EFraMfNATB, [effiemiHatia, womanuh, L.] lutTii^ the q 

of a woman ; weak ; unmanlj. 
lathe/nuk 8<3 we admin a /flnnuwdianutcr and dUpoaltioii ; but an 
effoMnatc mao Is justly despiied. 

FENCE, \Je»do, to strike, keep off, L.] anything to reitrain en- 
trance or encroachment. 
Guard, [^garde, F.] that which preterveafrom injoi;, or danger. 
Sbcuritv, [McuHfiu, L.] protection, aafety. 
Let *iitiu be jonr fma, religion toot guard, and fon will then dwell In 

rciivu^ivus, i^/eroz, wuo, ij.j unnmiea ; raven 
FiBBCB, \feruf, s«ya«e, L.] Mnl; enr^ed; vii 
SAVAOB,Li<niix^e, F!] cruel; barbaroiu. 
Ftroeiota ammal, &ig, beait ; fitra cooDtenancc, wb 

wind, tjnnt; MeojK 

FERTILE, [/erttlif, L.] rich; productive; plenteotu. 

Fbuitfol, \JiMor, to eryoy, and ^j, L.] producing fruit in 

Prolific, [prolu, offirpriug, /ado, to make, L.] geoeratiTei 

producing young or fruit. 
faHit ccnmtry, gronnd ; frtdtiut rarden, tree, field, seed ; prolific aniniBl, 
fonude ; ftrtiU in inieatioa ; fafiu mind ; Jhiifflil imagination i proiyic 
genhu, toiln. i 

Warmth, [iron 
Ftrtency of mind ; 

FERVOR, [yfertwr, heat, L,] eameatness; glowing warmth. 

Ardor, [ardor, abuming, L.l heat; eagerness. 

ftroor of the aflecUona I ordorol theposslonB. Frrrsor of derotion ; order 
of zeal. 

FESTrVITT, [/ettimtas, L.] wcial joy; time of rejoidng. 
'layrkthe, S.] merriment, nois 
oAfBstivityj and we had much fn 

FICTION, [fictio, L,l the thing feigned or imagined. 
Fabrication, [/oorico, to frune, L.] forging, or ftkely deTiaiug. 
Falhehood, an untrue assertion. 
AsamiulngjScftoii ; a decdCtnl/airtcattini; an arrant /ainADHl. 

FIERT, hot like fire ; vehement ; impetuotu. 

Fervid, [/errii&i, L.] boiling or burning; eiMT. 
Fbbvbnt, [/ervoM, L.] earnest ; animated ; glowii^. 
Ardent, {ardent, L.l passionate ; afTeetionate. 
Tiers "■! i jrrM wanuUi ; ferceal piet; ; ardent sinrit, pasnon, lore. 

FIGURE, [figura, L.] semblance ; representation. 


Ehbleh, [en^lema, Gr.]-a picture reprewntiiig one thing to the 

eye, and another to the imdentimding. 
Symbol, ^tm, together, JnHo, to throw. Or.] a ngo or f«pre- 

senlatioii of ■omething else. 
Tyfb, [lupos, a mark, Gr,J a figure of «omethiiig to come. 
" Who ms tbejl^iu'e of Blm that'mutocome," (Rom. V. 14.) Ilielamb 
ii Kt embUm of laoDceiux. Thebrud and wine in Uie cuchBriit are lymbelt 
of the body and blood of Christ, lie paachal lamb «u a tfpe of Chrnt. 

FIGUBE, rhetorioil eipreaiion. 
Similitude, [timhtudo, L,] likeneia in quality; illuitratiTe 

Mbtaphob, [meCa, beyond, pkero, to cixry, Gr.] the application 
of a word to a lue to which in it* original import it can- 

CoMFAHiBON, [comparalio, L.] likeness in qatmtity. 
Allegory, [alios, anodier, ar/ora, oration, Gr.] a discourse in 
which something more is intended than what the worda lite- 
rally signify; a figurative description of real bctl. 
Parabls, Iparabola, comparison, Gr,] a supposed history from 

< which an instructive moral is drami. 
"Hie soul nunmtioatbevingB of Aiith," is aj!;w«. "A hero ia like a 
lion In conrsge," is a tinuUiude. *' Beauty awakens lore," Is a mtiapkar, 
He ditferenct between a itmilitude and a ratlaphor Is that the latter bss not 
the sign of comparison ; when we >ey, " that man is Hit a tox," we nse a 
timiHbide^ when we say, "that man is afbx,'^ it is a nufaphor, in dthv 
case meaning tt^t the man is aa crafty aa a lox, A ramportam ia mneta Out 
•amo Bs a linaiiiude, bnt the former ia between more and ieu, the latter be- 
tween good and bad, "'Dit sublimity of the prophets eieeeda that of Homer 

FINAL, [finalU, L.] pertaimng to the end; ultimate. 
Conclusive, [conolsnu, concluded, L.]deciiive; giving the last 
determination to the opinion. 

Final judgement, linie ; eoiultinw reasoning, aijnment, answer. 

FINAL, concluding ; terminating. 

Last, [contracted IWim latest^ beyond which there t« no more. 

Latebt, {latian, to delay, S.] anything that is left or remaining. 

Ultimate, [ullinuit, furthest, L.l most remote; extreme. 

Latt wor^ ; lail dying speech ; lalal breath, intelligence, posteitty ; JhuU 
cause, IcaYC ; vUimate object, consequence, dm. 

FIND, r^ntfan, S.] to obtain something lost ; to perceive hj ae> 

Find out, to discover something hidden. 

DiscovsB, [dicomrir, F.] to have the first sight of; to obtain 
tiie first Knowledge of. 


EsPT, [etpier, O. F.I to percnve a thing intended to be hid. 
Dbscrt, [dewfw, N.] to lee ui; thing di»l«nt or obiciiR. 

Seek and je ihall find ; Jtnd Ml a mistake, a MCret, a thief ; dtnVKr on 
Uand, eonntcy, a nev ptuiet ) upyathiEfinawood; detcry laud at a dlitanee. 

FIND OUT, to Ht upon; to obtun knowledge of. 
Discover, to find thing* or place* not known before. 
Invknt, [tnemter, F.] to mkke and introduce something not 
nude before. 

diiawend the drcnlation of the blood ; Colamtnu Utetnend the <i 

the lOBffiwtic needle ; Kircbe r oanUed the micrometer. We diMcorrr what 

before iilited, thongh to as nsknovn ; we tacwnt what did not before exist. 

FIND FAULT WITH, to complain of. 

Blaur, \bUmer, F.] to ceneure; to express disapprobation of. 

Object to, [tJ^icio, to throw against, L.] to oppose. 

WefindfoMil mJh persons or tiuogs ; we btomf personB ; we object to [ffo- 
powla, meaSDies, &c. ; I find great /null itilh his coudnct ; I iltmt Um fOr 
King extravagant ; 1 ob^tct toiua proposed mairisge. 

FINE, \Jm, C] 1 pecuniary compeniation. 

Mulct, {matcta, L.] » pecuniaiy penalty. 

Penalty, [panalitaa, L.] punishment ; judicial infliction. 

FoRFBiTURK, \_forfait, crime, F.] loss incurred through crime ; 
breach of condition or any other act. 

A^ne is a sum exacted either la the transfer of lands, ot on acconnt of 
some offence ; a muict is always pecaniBrr, and is imposed for the' violation 
of a role or law ; a ptnalty is iocnned and InBieted for a criminal otTencc ; 
men Incur tforftittm of property foe neglect of duty. 

FINICAL, pretending to ^eat nicety or superfluou* elegance. 

Sprucb, trim; neat without el^;ance ; emart. 

Foppish, [_ffuapo, affected, Sp.] vain of dress ; trifling. 

He ts very concei^d and finical both in speech and manners, ipnue and 
fine In his dress, and eictedingly vain md/oppiili in his whole deportnunt. 

FINITE, [jfnitM, limited, L.] bounded; opposed to infinite. 

LiuiTED, [limes, a botmd, L.] confined within certain bounds. 

Han is a jteife being, his powen and e^iacilie* are Kutilti ; finite eiist- 
enee, dnntion ; Umittd monarohy, views, Dnderstaodiag, prerogative. 

FIRE, Uyr, the sun, S.] the effbct of combustion and the cause of 


Heat, [fteof, S.] the sensation caused by the approach of fire. 

Warmth, [from tuami,] gentle beat. 

Qlow, [gloicaa, tobe redwith heat,S.] shining heat ; intensity. 

Kre commanicatcs A<a( ; a violent hcof i agrateAil gentle loarnilA; a par- 
Hal glOK ; excessive htal. Figuraiicelt), we say, IIh poet's fire ; AmI of 
passion ; umrmth of aSecliDn ; glow of friendship. 

FIRM, [Jirmus, L.] firmly compressed ; compact ; not easily moved. 

FiXKD, r.^sR'*. LJ unduken; settled; establiahed. 
Solid, [tolidut, L.l dense; impeuetnible i reaiitingimpreuioiu. 
Stable, [slabilis, L.] iteadv ; conatant ; ragolute ; durable. 
Ajlm btdMuu;, pDlu, pDr|>a>e, iecrte, Mendahip ; fixed choicci BttcDtion, 

FIT, [vittfn, Fl. OT /actus, L.] qualified; proper. 

Apt, [aptus, L.] indined; ready; quick. 

Meet, [yemet, come together, S.] suitable ; eoDTenient. 

Fit lor vte; fit atniaa ; aplto learn ; apt phnge ; opl vit ; •' bring fbrtk 
fruits mret tor rtpCDtaiux." (Matt. lii. 8.) It i« nttet to praise Ood. 

FIT, to adopt n 


QuALiFT, (qiialis, Buc£, facto, to mate, L^] ta tiiniiab irith 
knowledge, skill, or capacity. 

Fit yoarselveg tor gtady, buaineaa, for nn office ; jU op tlie lionse, shop ; 
fit out a fleet ; e^p for a jonmey, voyage, storm ; eq<^ a ship <k Tcssd 
for ao eipeditioii ; prtpare for *sr ; prqun lor Bn axamtnation ; fiuJ|fy 

FIT, to make proper for a pin 

Suit, [siiirre, to fallow, F.] to agree v 

Adapt, [adapto, to make fit, L.] to proportioni 

AccoHHODATB, [od, and mmmodo, to help, L.] to reconcile ; 

to make to agree. 
Adjust, [ad,ecadjuttju,}\i»t,h.'] to make conformable; toroake 

The joiner ^f] one boud to another j the shoe /lithe foot; the tailor jUi 
his costomer ; a proper edttcatioajlftaperaoa for the statiDs for wtiich he is 
designed ; it suitM my taste ; odopl an tiutnunent to its uses ; aeeommtxiatt 
each other ; If yon cannot aceomtiwiilaft your dlStotDcea between yaoiselTes, 
get some one to adjiul the matters in dispute, and allide by his deduoD. 

FIX, [_^go, L.} to make firm or stable ; to determine on. 

Settle, [seiian, to seat, S.] to place in a permanent condition. 

Establish, Istabilio, L.] to found permtmently. 

HsTing been oaafixtd la the situatloa, be soon became settled, end may 
now be considered us firmly eMlaJtHahed in the business. Fix a time ; *eitU 
the tttair ; olabUah la«e. 

FIX, to direct steadily, without nanderii^. 

Detbruimb, [determiao, L.] to concl;^; to fix ultimately. 

Settle, to muce permanent ; to free from doubt. 

Limit, [iimiier, F.J torestrun fromalax or general signification. 

Fix your eyes on Uie object ; fix your thousftts on me subject i fix a boon- 
dary j dtlermise the distance, luight, &e. ; actcmmi the quoUon ; dtitiiniiu 



FLAG, {Jlaeeeo, to wither, L.] to hang Iook without itiffiien oi 
'" — =— 'J grow weak. 

Lansvisk, [ionpueo, L.l to grow feeble; 

,,8"] I 

Dkoop, [drepan, S.} to hang down ; to dechue. 

' H, [fal ' "■ ■ ^ .. . • . 

ODgiuBh I pine for home ivhcn abroad ; piae for frieudi vhca abteat. 

FLAME, Ifiamma, bnnunff vapor, L.] light emitted fVom fire. 

Blaze, [blase, a torch, S.] a brieht Ught. 

Flabh, [JUesMH, to flow, Q.] nidden, traniitory light. 

Glarb, iglar, glan, D.] overpowering liutre ; dazzling light. 

Flamt of K candle ; blaxt of papa ; jiath of gaapowdn ; glare of a lunp, 
Btunbeau, conSagistion. 

FLAT, Iflat, Sw.;}tutelei>i; dead; depreued. 
Insipid, [nwuntAu, taiteleiB, L.] v^id ; without life or pathos. 
Dull, [diet, W.l aluggiib, not lively or animated. 
FloJ in apirit ; ionpid in ante ; dull in appearance ; an iiu^iid viitcr. 

FLAT, having on even nirfoce. 
LevBL, [lisfel, even, S.] horizontal; imooth. 
AjUU conntiT, gromid ; a JcrI p■tl^ Boor. 

FLATTERER, [trom fiatter,'] one who prtuaes another with a view 

to gain his favor. 
SvcoPuANT, f«Ui^, a fig, and pAiiMO, to discover. Or.*] a mean, 

obsequipuB flatterer. 
Pababite, [para, by, and ntos, com, Gr.f] one that frequents 

the tableK of the rich and eanu hii welcome by flattery. 
PHuees have maayfiatierert ; a (awning tjfcophani ; a mean fomili. 

FLEXIBLE, IfiexibilU, that may be bent, L.] not brittle bi itiff. 
Pliable, [plico, to fold, L-lyieldinR to preMtue without mpture. 
Pliant, [plicatit, folding, L.] easi^ persuaded; yielding. 
SuppLB, [sovple, F.J easSy bent ; not obstinate. 

Flixible as cane ; pliable as wax ; nqipic joints ; nppU knee ; pUant tem- 
per. Plexiblt, not &m ; ptiant, niA Itw; j nflpk, not rigid. 

I FLOCK, [jioce, 8.] a collection or company of birds or small 
four-footed animalt. 
Hbrd, [heard, S.] an assemblage of beasts feeding together. 

* Originatly, an iuibrmer against those who exported figa, or fig-trees, 

t AmoDf the Greeks, a priest whose office was tp collect tram the boa- 
■ndmaatbe com fi» tbe ^blic saoiJieei. 



FLOURISH, ijhreo. L.] to 
TuKITE, [tnvu, to increan 

PaoBPKK, Iprtupero, L.] to idvuice in the punuit of any thing 

desired ; to succeed. 
The yoong grow and Ihrive,- the old ;l™™*. TnitJIonriitiet; tlw n*. 
HoDJIoiintAti; the indnBtriooB IJbrnw I pmtper in trade, riclia, eatate 

FLOW, iJUncaa, S.] to nui or apread as water. 

Stdkak, [siream, a current, S.J to move coutinuoualy. 

Gush, [ g\es»eti, G.] to issue with violence and rqnditj. 
stivers five fi-om aprioga ; vater tlreiaai from ■ ipODt, fiuto fnna a 
TOck ; blood float from a trifling woond, tlTtatnt from a tcId, jiuta fnun a 
laige wound. 

FLUCTUATE, {fiuctm, to move as a wave, L.] to be unsteady ; 
a vacillate. 


FLUENCY, [jluen*, flowing, L.] facility; readiness. 
Shoothnbbb, [&amnn0otA,] freedom &om asperity ; Boftnen; 

FLUID, [Jhiiditi, L.] ■ gubttance that easily flows ; not solid. 

LiauiD, [itfuo, to melt, L,] a substance not filed, that may be 
poured out. 

Affuidpssaei in a. current; a IifUHl is opposed Co a solid. Water, air, Ac. 
tttfimdt --"-* —---■- ■ I.— ...- 

FOLLOW, to go after a person or object. 

POBSOB, [perjegiKfr, L,] to chase; to strive to attain. 

Fallme a friend; pumt in enemy ; /oUotDaalnolinatiaDipaimuanottiect. 
I shall not/bllDiDthe sdieines of othen, bntpurnu mj own plans. 

FOLLOW, to be led or guided by. 
Imitatb, [imtor, to copy, L.] to endeavor to resemble. 

Foiha the stepi of the vhtaons, and imilatt their conduct. 

FOLLOWER, an attendant; a disciple. 
Adbebint, [from adhert,'] one attached to a party. 

,, t;iK,.,ic 


FOLLY, [/oiie, F.] an x 

FooLBBY, habitiiul ioHy, attention to trifles. 

The wiseit nuy eatnnift an act ot/aflji ; fools only an gaUtj ot foolery. 

FOOD, [/(kJ, 8.] Tictiulsi whatever is eaten for nourishment. 
Diet, [di«la, food, maniiei' of liTing, L.] nutriment prescribed 

by B phyiician. 
Rboimbk, [regmat, government, L.] such restriction in eating 
and diinkiiig as is suitable to any course of medicine or state 
of body. 
Food in rtoeraJf fiir naen and animt 
B strict and regnlar regimen irith ■ vie 

FOOL, [fot, F.] one devoid of reason. 

Idiot, [Or.] a natuial fool ; a person destitute of natural uuder- 

BuPFOON, [houffon, F.] a man who makes sport by lun tricks. 

A natnniiyooJ is lu 

I, and other vulgar pleasantriea. 
jilaf .' he that mokea MmseU aj 

FOOLHARDY, [fool and ftflrrfyJ during without judgement. 

Advbntcrous, [aventureas!, F] willing to incur hazard; bold. 

Rash, [hrad, hasty, S,] precipitate ; acting without caution. 

He ia /wlAordji tbat uiidettAcs a cause when there is not the least hope 
-ofnucessi he is rojA that proceeds without due thought, calculation, sad 
preparation ; an a^taiturma knight, hero, Stc, 

FORBID, [farbtodan, S.] to command not to do. 
Prohibit, [prokHto, L.] to hinder; to prevent. 
iNTBBDicr, [intrrdico, L.] to restrain from. 
For^d what is improper ; prohibit what is illegal ; aiterdUt what is im- 

FORCE, [force, F.j active power ; Btrength, 
Vtolbnck, {violentia. L.Jnnjuat force; vehemence. 
Forcf may be proper oo many occasions, cinlrnee never. Force of an arcii- 

ment ; rtoJence of pasiion. A jost govemoruses reasonable/occe to subioe 

the nnraly ; .tyrants and robbers use 'niolrtier, 

hysical or moral p 
... J, - S}'^> I-"'] active or intellectual strei^h. 

Energy, [en, in, and ergoa, work. Or,] inherent power- 
Porn of an argument, of the muscle* ; vigor of body or mind j energy ol 
eharatter, of aatare. 

FOREFATHER, one who, in any degree of ascending genealogy, 
precedes others. 
Pbogbnitob, [ Jto, and gigno, to b^et, L.] ancestor in a diiec* ' 



Ancbbtor, [aafaeraiDT, one who goes before, L.] one from vbom 
a person deicendi at any distance of time. 

Qt3T immt^aXt for^alhen ; onrdutajitjw^flB/m; mv remote DBfuiort, 

FORERUNNER, a predeceiior ; a prognostic ; a sign foreshowing 

Bomethiag to follow. 
pRSCOBHOR, [pnecuTMr, LJ he that precedes anjr coining event. 
Mbssenqer, [mestai/er, F.Jone who bears a message or de- 

Hahbinobr, [herberger, Du.l one who precedes and g^res no- 
tice of the expected siriTU of another. 

Qlatli>ii]r, dnuilirnneBe, Had alL kinds of Bensnal ciccss, an the/orerva. 
aen ol disUM, ruin, and destmetioD. 'Wktillk was one of Oieprecurjors tt 
the RefonnatioD ; Joha tLc BapCiat was the Karbingtr of rmr Savour, wha 
TU himself the nattngtr of peace aud salvation to all the haman race. 

FORESIGHT, presoence ; foreknowledge accompanied with pru- 

FoRETHOuOHT, thinking beforehand; anticipBtion. 

Forecast, preriona eoutrivance ; antecedent polity. 

Prsusditation, [pT^tteditatio, L.l nrevioua deUberatiDn. 

Without the bU of /araigU and fortthimght, no man wonld be able to 
/oncost his work, bat would be ttwuji in oneertaiat; and coofosioD ; use 
prtmeHtatioH htSon yon speak or act. 

FOREST, Iforll, F.] a wooded tract privileged for beaats and fowb 
to dwell in undo' tbe king's protection, and to be hunted 
for bis pleasure. 

Chase, [cjkuw.F.lopeu ground stored with wild beasts or nine. 

Park, [pearroc, S7\ apiece of ground inclosed, and stored with 
wild beasts of chase. 

The kin^s/orol ; an open chate tor hunting the stag, &c- ; a noblemaQ's 

FOREST, a lai^ tract of land covered with trees. 

Woon, \umda, S.] a large and thick collection of trees. 

Grove, [jra/, a cave, S] a muill wood or shady avenue. 

He who has traversed tbefonili of America, would probably eaU thoae 
immense voodt which dothe the jdaias of Bavaria niere gma. 

FORBTEL, to teU of an event before it happens. 
Prbdict, [^prttdico, L.] to declare beforehand ; to foreshow. 
Prophrsv, [pro, before, phem, I speak. Or.] to annoiutce 

future events. 
Proonobticatb, [proffinoiko, to know befofe. Or.] to indicate 

something to come by present signs. 
Men may /oTffff the changes of the heavenly bodies by calculation ; Christ 
pTtdicltd the destiuctioa of Jenualem i none can propAetjr without diviae 
insi^rBtion ; a clear sky at am-actprognostieales a flae day. 



FORLORN, [forhrea, deierted, S.] forsaken, wretched, helpies 

FORM, [forma, L.] external appearance ; reprewatation. 
FiouBE, [Jiffura, L.] shape ; image. 
CoNFOHMATioN, [coofonaalio, L7\ dispoMtion of parts. 
Mao's erect formi the homanj^iire; aatformaliim of bodies, the skull. 

FORM, pretcribed mode ; stated method. 

Ceremony, [ceremonia, L.l outward form in religioa. 
RiTB, [rtfiM, leirice, L.] solemn act of religion. 
Obhbrvance, [obiervo, to keep in view, L.] performance of ex- 

Porm of goremmenl ; ceraHBay of kneeling ; rilt of baptism ; religions 

FORM, [forma, L.] to make out of materials. 

Fashion, [fafonner, F.] to form according to a prescribed 

WoiJi,D, Jmoldar, t« cast, Sp.] to model. 

Shape, fscyfvan, S.] to give a fiaiire to. 

Han ina/ormed of the dnst, Bad fakiimtii after tlie divine image ; Us 
fnuoe is iHouIded and shaped by skill divine. 

FORM, to cause to exist in a different form. 

Make, [marian, to contrive, S,] to form by art. 

Create, [creo, L.] to cause to exiHt ; to make out of notliing. 

Produce, [prodaco, L.] bring forth or forward. 

Hie potter /ornu his cIbt into a vessel ; the carpenter maka a table ; the 
Bint and steel produce fire i Ood alone can ertate, 

FORM, to frame; to arrange. 

Compose, [cornpono, to put together, L.] to invent ; to mite as 

an author. 
Co.xBTiTUTE, [eonstituo, L.] to give formal existence; to esta- 
Form an inBtrament, plan, epiiety ; compoit n piece of mosic, B book ; con- 
sfifufe govemments, laws, offices. 

FORMAL, [/ormalis, L.] according to established mode; reguUr; 
precise; exact to affectation. 
Ceremonious, consisting of outward rites or solemn forms. 
A/Brmai answer, manner, carriage ; a cmmniBau visit, leave, worship. 

FORMERLY, [forma, before, S.l preceding in tinfe. 
In times past, any portion of duration that is gone by. 
Days ot yore, [geara, year. S.] long ago. 


NoiBNTLY, or In ancibnt TIMES, [ancKB, old, F.] 

a ages 

long since part. 

person maT properly use the two first terms with reirsrd to even 

ts which 

happened doring his own life, the other terms carry os back 

far be- 

FORMIDABLE, {formido, fear, L.] eiciting apprehension. 

Sreadfui., \_dTfad and/u//,} impressing awe. 

Terbibls, [ternbilis, L.] causing terror. 

Shocking. [cAoc, a striking against, F.] striking nitb horroi or 

kfOTmidSiU Eumj, undertaking ; drtadAil alaughtet, fOruk, stonn ; ttrrU 
bU beast, wilderness, day ; shocking nena, death, ai^ht. 

FORSWEAR, [/or4»«rian, S.] to swearfelsely. 
Perjure, \peTJaro, L.] to take falsely an oath lawfully admi- 

SuBORN, [suborno, to bribe, L.] to procure a person Co make a 
&lBe oath. 

A ttanforiaean himself who nolates anv kind of oath tliat lie has taken ; 
he ptrjwes himself by swearing falsely before a magistrate, or in a court of 
law^ a man is sabonitd by another to swear falsely. 

FORTUNATE, {Jbrtmatm, L.] bringing some unexpected good. 
Lucky, {hJc, that nhicb happens, Du.] unforeseen, favorable 

VROBPBROva, [prospenu, L.] propitious ; fiiyorablei thri»iiig. 
SuccBSSFUL, [suceejs and /»/(,] having the desired effect, 
Happy, [iopiw, fortunate, W.] producmg enjoyment. 
A./orlanait affair, event ; a lucky orcumstance, escape! projperoiu gale, 
jonrney ; satces^l imdertaldng, scheme ; happy marriage, condition. 

FOSTER, [foslrian, to nurse, S.] to promote ; to support. 

Chbribh, [e^rir, F-] to hold aa dear ; to cnL-ourage. 

Harbor, [kere-berga, a station, S.] to ehelter ; to entertain. 

luDVi-GKAinduigeo, L.] to favor ; to gratify ; to humor. 

Fotler DO pride nor pntjudice, but ehtrisli a spirit of henevoieuce ; harbor 
no mahce nor resentment ; indulge no bad passions nor nil indiaatlons. 

FOUND, [fuado, L.l to lay the basis of; to raise. 

GuouND. [jrruBrf, "bottom, 8.] to fix firmly ; to settle. 

Rest, [reslaK, S.] to place on a support. 

Build, [6yWan, S.] to raise by art; to &ame. 

Foand no charge or accuaatioa against any man, Dniess yon can grounil it 
on substantial evidence ; do not rest on bare assertion, nor bmld on fancy 
and mere hypotheaea. 

FOUND, to lay the foundation and nuse the superstructure, 
Institutb, [mstUao, L,] to appoint; to enact. 
EsTAui-iSH, [stniiZio, to make stable, L.] to settle firmly. 
Erbct, [erifo, to set upright, L.] to raise ; to form. 
Laws are malHaltd; schools, societies, ftc. eie tatablishcd : ciliea, schools, 



FOUNDATION, Ifttndatio, L.] that which supporto My thing. 

Groomd, [orimd, S.] fundBmental mbttance or catue. 

Basis, [btuti, that which ii set, L. b Gr.] aupport ; iiretprinriple. 

There is ao/omdalim for the report ; do grmmd tor the aiupiciDn ; Auns 
of the tugunieat. Svit finrndalitni good jrriwiult ,- Snabatit, 

FRAGILE, l/ragilu, L.] easily broken or dertroyed. 
Frail, [frlle, F.} weak ; perisbable ; bable to decay. 
BitiiTLB, [brytan, to break, S.] apt to break ; not tenacious. 
FragOt form ; fiaU man ; britllt glass, itone. 

FRAME, [frenmian, to eflect, S.] ibnie, form, proportion. 

Tehfbrahknt, [ternprrantenlHin, L.] disposition of body; state 

with respect to the predominance of any quahty. 
Teupbr, \iempero, to moderate, L.l frame of mind. 
CON8TITVT10N, [from constitate^ state of being; peculiar 

Hamaa, bodily, mental, frame. Men are of various ttmftn, which uise 
from their different temfteraments, and their variety of toiaHtvivm . il \f, 
thdr bnsiiiesB, howerer, to correct what is bad, and improve what is gocxl. 

, ^ptunus, simple, L.] roudi sincerity. 

INGBNUOU8NBS8, [injenmu, open, LT) openness ofheart; fiiii 

FRANKNESS, Ifranc, free, F.] freedom in communication. 

" 1. fp' -'-'■• 

neas, candor. 

SiKCBRiTY, [sineeritas, L.l honesty of intention ; purity of mini!. 
Frnnintu, without disgniae; plowui], without distimulatioB ; iiH/enuot^- 
nai, without art ; lineerity, without hypoctiay. 

FREAK, [frac, S.} a sudden fancy or change of mioil. 
Whim, Icwim, a turn, W.] an oddfency; a capricious desire. 
Awanton^ni; Bchildish/rc<it| a dlly laughable uMn. 

FREE, \freoh, S.] not uarsimonious ; unrestrained. 

LiBRBAL, jiiin-olif, L.J generous; bountiful; givius lareely. 

Fra in speuding ; liberal in rewarding merit. Fra in thongEt and senti- 
ment ; liberal in miiid. 

FREE, unconstrained ; improperly familiar. 

Familiar, [famiHaria, L.| well acquainted with ; accustomed. 

I must totally discard that persoa 1 he is an obtruder, he makes himself 
as /We aa if he was my most /amifiar friend. 

FREE, clear ; not suffering. 

ExRMPT, laxmpltit, L.J free by privilege; not liable. 

Free &om troables, from attacks ; exempt from miUlary duty, taies, 

FREEDOM, exemption from servitude or control. 
Liberty, [UAcrfoj, L.j freedom from constraint. 


Inqkfkndencb, ftR, not, drpndeo, to hang down, L.] titetUte 
of not being subject or indebted to othen. 

Prtedom tram *orro«, giiilt, or puoistunent ; civil or rdigione Sbaigi li- 
berty u opjxued to bondage or sla^eiy ; indrpendata u free from the power 
of otliers, and able to support one's aelf. 

FREIGHT, IftTo, to canj, L,J any thing with which a ship ia 

Cargo, [carp, W.] g 
Lading, n(iian,toli . , 
BuBDEN, [In/rthen, S.] the qutuitit]' that a ihip wiU 01117. 
Rej^tdste tixfrrigU j tbe cargo of the t«h1 conmBli of cottaa, flour, &c. 
' "■ *" "^" ""'■" in coDTenJenl places ; tl 

to viait habitually. 
o be much about any place or penon. 

..__ .. Ijjj Burket, fair, w 

res, and bad penc , 

u and wicked deed*. 

FREQUENTLY, at ihort iuterrab ; not rarely. 

Often, [q/J, S.l many times. 

Frtqutnlls, maor ttmea ; it/ten, alill more (reqiieiitljr. In a walk wliicfa I 
a/lrit take, I/req^uiiilg hear the cuckoo Bing. 

FRIGHTEN, Ifriklan, S.] to alarm niddenly. 

Intimidatb, [limto, to fear, L.] to inajure with fear. 

Frigliinied at a d^k ; nlinuda^ed by a tbreat. Tbe animal was fiigU- 
emd ; the pecsoa was imtimidattd. 

FROLIC, r^A, glad, hch, Lke, Dr.] a flight of levity and 

Gambol, [fomid, leg. It.] a dancnng or skipping in aport. 

Frank, Ipranc, a sudden start, W.] a ludicroua trick. 

A merry/rolic,' a yoathfol ifainbDl ,- a mischievons prnnl. Hnnuui bcdnga 
^vert themselTet with froUctt yanAofi, or firaida .- jmatg ^pim^ia piaj gom- 
bola : tlie mooJcej plays pranti. 

FULNESS, [bamfaU,'] abundance; repletion. 
Plbnituds, [pimitwlo, L.] completeness. 

JVbiot of jo;, penecUoD; plnifudi c^h^iplDeaa, power, ^ory. 

FUNERAL, \_fiatendUt», F.] ceremony of interment. 
OsBBaDiBB, \obie(puiT, to follow, L.] funeral rites and ■ 

some great personage, and attended by an eitraordinarr solemidty. 




GAIETT, [ gaitti, F.l cheerfdlnctt ; ■pottinneM. 
Joy, [joie, F,] glsaneH; exultation. 
HlBTH, [murhtbt, S.l menimeat; joUitj; Unghter. 
Oaieti/ <A ipUt ; jogatOm heiit ; iwrf k ii eidtMl b; hnmor. 

GALLANT, [ gaimi. P.] n, nun wbo conrt* the todet; of the ladie*. 
Beau, \beavt, F.].one wbose gnU cueiitodeckhUperMm. 
Spark, Upearc, S.l * Urely, ihowy, gxy man. 
A tnu ^llimf .- u intlynHlf»nt 6uii : > omceited. Impertinent ipart. 

GALLANTRY, [;almt«ne, F.] reflnea adftreH to women. 
Love, [Agbiri, to love, S.] the punon between the sexei. 
OniLi-jry la jji.^Hnimt«i-j f Hfn^tnn fa thc l>di>t; IiKw ii ■flectjini founded 

6AT, [;m, F.] fine; uturt; Uvely; uir. 

Sfiovrv, fsceainan, to new, S.jj i^endid; magnificeDt, 
Gagdy, [^dudtwrn, cause of tejoiciiig, L.] oateulMioiuljr fine. 
GFoy joimg maid i tjbowir cnlon ; ijbficjp and auperildal i ;in^ dnM, 

ribbons, flowera ; gmdy pride ; the gaji waioa irf qnlag ; fay flowm. 

GAPE, [^eoptm, to open, 8.] to open the month with wonder. 
Starr, [fforton, to extend, S.] to look with fixed eyeii to look 

with Buiprise, impudence, atimidity, or hwror. 
Gaze, \_geteaa, to fix the eft, S.] to look intently and ear- 

The igaorant gapi ; thu ImpcrtiDeDt *lart ; the intslligeDt f ou wltti adinf • 

o bring into one place. 

> aiiemble ; to draw together. 

i; mlltcf cnrliHitln, mitin,ld«a>,painno/inuuL 

GENDER, [ gmxa, &milj, L.] the diitinction of mate or female. 
Sex, [ifiTM, L.] the property or cbancter by which any animal 
ii male or female. 

Gndcr, in gnmmar, relate* to the dletlDctlaa of to. The male ttx is 

d br muflcolar Ateogth, bi 
modaty, and MOiibutf . 

GENERAL, [ jmerolit, L,] extenuTe, though not univeraal. 

Univbrsai., \un,\ctTta3aM, L.] whole; total; compriMng all 

Gflurol means moat fldng> of a Und; tntlMrtot all things <rf the aoit ; u 
grntral maj mean nuwt men, bat imiBa^iii all mankind. 

GENERATION,' [jrcBcratioR, F.] » single snccetiion in natural 


GENTEEL, [ gaUU. F.] free from vulgarity ; elegant ; gracefiil. 
Polite, [ politua, poliahed, L.] refioed in maDuen ; weQ-bred, 
He b gnltetia rank and appeRrtince, but In behatiOT and address not 

politr. He is very po'ilt, thm^h hia appearence is Lot gaital. 

GENIUS, [oennao, to beget, Gr.] extraordinary mental power. 
Talbnt, [talentum, L,] gift of nature ; auperior endowment, 
Intellbct, linteUecha, L.] that faculty of the human soul 

which receives and comprehends idesH. 
Gmiw for poetrj ; laleni for sjiaktoe; maturity of itUelleel^ eipanded 

GENTILE, [genlilu, belonging to a nation, L.] one of an unco- 

venanteil nation. 
Hf.atken, [hathtn, an inhabitant of the heath, S.J attnmger 

to God and to the true religion. 
Pagan, Ipaganus, a villager, L.] one who worships false gods. 
The Jews, under the term Getililt, comprehended all nations exeept their 
ova ; those enltivated nstionB vbo practiwd idolatry were called Beathens .- 
the more rude and undvilized nationa who worship false gods, ace denomi- 
nated Pagons. 
GENTLE, [ gentilis, L.] bland ; peaceable j not refractory. 

Tame, [fonie, S.] that has lost its native nitcbesa end thyness; 

subdued ; servile. 
Soft, [safte, S.] courteoua ; kind ; not severe. 
Mild, [nuMe, S.l not sharp; tender; indukent, clement. 
Meek, [mECfl, S.J suhraissive; humble; jieldine. 
Animals are gmllt from nature; fonu when made so by disdpline. Id 
the moral application of the terms, gentle Is always lakeo in a good sense, 
nnd lamir in a bad one ; a gentle spirit is highly prized ; while a (one spirit 
is uaiversally desirised. So/I vrace, answer; mild reproof, poniihment ; 

GET, Ipetan, S.] to gain possession of. 

Gain, [pajner, F.J to win as a reward, or by industry. 

Obtain, [obtineo, L.] to succeed in the pursuit of a thing. 

Pkocxibb, iprocuro, L.] to get hy request, favor, purchiBe or 

Get is applicable to almost all the things we either i^iii, oAfoin, or pra. 
etire; gain applause, a cause, victory, triumph; .o6(inn a recompense, in- 
heriCaDce ; procure a situation, honors, reputationi 

GIFT, [from g»P«,] any thing given or bestowed. 

Present, [^prfesfns, L.l something ceremoniously offered. 
Donation, [donatio, L7| that which is eonferred gratuitously. 

g\fli of God ; churitable danatU/K ; gift to a persoa ; danatioA to an instini- 



GIFT, [from give,] power or faculty conferred by the Almighty. 

Endowment, [from eadavi,^ personal or mentnl quality. 

Talbnt, Italenlum, L.] natural skill ; particular endowment. 

Gifl of Bpeech', elcxinence ; stnngUi of body, miad, and imagination, 
beauty of person, jiatiiral courage, fortitude,^- are endouunenli ; natorai 
taierUi may 1>e improved by study ; talent for muaiCt drawing. 

GIVE, [gifan, S.] to impart nithout any price or reward. 

Grant, [ymnfer, N.] to concede to request aomething which 
cannot be claimed of right. 

Bestow, [be, and stow, place, S.] to confer; to apply. 

Gii-f is used in a general sense, nitb respect to things communicated from 
one person to another, under all circumstances ; jirr money, medidne, food ; 

GIVE, to impart ; to bestow. 

Pkbsgnt, [prtEsenfo, L,] to bring before anotherfor acceptance. 

Offer, [offero, L.] to present in words ; to propose. 

Exhibit, [exhibeo, to hold forth, L.] to show ; to display. 

Gire to a servant, to a beggar ; pratnt to a superior ; offer praises to our 
Creator -, pretrxl an address ; offer an apology ; give a description ; offer a 
remark ; literary works exhibit proo& of the leaning and genius of the nritcrs. 

GLAD, iffUd, S.] gay ; in ft state of hilarity. 

Plbasbd, affected with sgreeabte sensations or emotions. 

GLARING, open ; bold ; 

Babefacbd, impudent; shameless; without concealment. 

Glaring faJsehood, crime, absurdity ; bar^ated scoundrel, villain, aetiDn, 

GLEAM, [glam, S.] a small stream of %ht. 

Glimmer, \_glimiaer, D.] Aunt splendor; feeble scattered light. 
Rav, {radius, L.} a particle of ught emitted from some lumi- 

Beam, [beam, S.] a collection of parallel rays. 
A gleam of dawuinff li^t ; gUmmer of a lamp; a sudden ray; " Heaven's 
blest beam.", Tbe spleudid sun sent forth its glorious bcanii. Figuratively, 

in the benighted nuderstanding ; a rag of hope 

daita la and cheers the saddened heart. 
GLIMPSE, [glimp, Du.l ashort 

GLOBE, r globus, L.] a spherical solid body. * 
Ball, [bal, Du.] any thing made in a round form. 
Terrestrial fIo6c ; " the great f Me itself ;" earthly ;Me; artlfidal ^loAe; 
o5 I . C.oi)i^k- 


tamqncoDa tail) "terrertclBl AoU." These wotdt, flobt aod baO, are 

vad promiacnaoBl; ; bat, thongfa a globt Is a bali, it miut be obwrred that 
every ball is not a globe, 

GLOOMY, [^glomung, twilight, S.] melancboly ; cloudy of look; 

heavy of heart. 
SuLLBN, heavy i doll; gloomily angry and lilent. 
Morose, [moronu, L.] sour of temper ; euRtere. 
Splenetic, [splmeliciu, L.] affected wit|l latent ipite or anger; 

fretAil, peevish. 

Gloom;/ {came of mind ; oaturalli of a gloomi/ disposition ; a nUen and 
diseooteflted temper i barsh and monae ; splaiftxr, bitter, tU-natured toward 
mwliiud in geaeiBl. 

QLORY, [^bria, L.] the ascription of adoratioD, praise, or renown. 

Honor, [honor, L.] high estimation or respect. 

Glory to Ood ; Koner to good men. Olon of victory ; tour in acting 
with intf^rity i a geoeral goes in pnmdt of glory ; a dtixea seeks Ibe rwd 
to hoai/r : men obtain glory Ht the eipence of oUiers. bmor by proiuotinB One 
advaiitRge of others. 

GLORY, \_glorior, to esult with joy, L.] to be proud of. 
Boast, (bostiaa, W.] to brag ; to diiplay one's own worth. 

Men may be nllowed to glory in great eiploila, mighty deeds, and noble 
and geoeroaa actions ; vain men boast of bifling insignificant actions. 

GLOSS, Iglaan, to flatter, S.] to give a spacious and plauuble 
appearaoce to. 
Varnish, Ivemitaer, ¥.] 
Palliatk, Ipallio, to cc 

Sunte meo study the art of glDwinjr over tlie fonlest actions, by coliing them 
Other names than the real ones, as when vice is denominated hidlsaetioil, 
&c. ; tales are frequently ramuhed with falsehood. Ilie crime of ttie nuia 
who stole a loaf of bread woa palliatid from ttie consideration that it waa to 
supply his starving wife and childnn. 

GODLIKE, resembUng the character of Ood. 
DiviNB, [divia, a god, L.] partaking of the ni 

GODLY, pious i conformed to Ood's law. 

Righteous, [HhliBis«, S.l just, virtuous, uncorrupt 

A truly pious or god^ man will prove the sincerity at his Christian pro- 

fes^on by being rigittoiu in all his ways before dud. 

GOLD, [ ffold, S.] made of gold ; consisting of gold. 
. Goi.DBN, hke gold; most valuable or pure. 
Oald ring, cap, coin ; golden armor, lion, ball ; ^Um age, Toie. 

GOOD, {God, the Supreme Being, S.] that which eouttibatet to 
diminish pain or increase bappinesi 



GooDNKSH, kindneai; beiierolence ; mond Tirtne. 

As acdou may be of real gimd to ■odety , when tbefc vas bnt llMe good- 
nas in the motiTe that prompted it ; BO an action may aprin^ from nal ^Dod* 
■KM, and do little or no good, poasibly hano, to the community. 

OOOD NATURE, nstonil mildneia and kindneai of diipowtion. 
QooD TBHPER, cslnuieu of mind; moderation. 
Good huhor, a cheerful tt«te of mind. 

A. man may possesa goad nahtrt, so ai to abstain from evQ, and do good, 
«nJ yet be defldent in good temper, -which doea not easily j^Te or lake 
ufcnce, as also in that good hMinor which piomotca mirth and lau^ter. 

GK)ODN£SS, desirable qualities; either moral or pliTsical excellence. 
RlGMTBOuaNESEl, Conformity of heart and life to the divine l&ir. 
Rbotitude, \Tect%a, straight, L.] rightneu of principle or prac- 
tice; upnghtness. 
Virtue, [nfhu, L.I moral excellence. 

OeadmuiA hewti rigUeoumti of life; rteKliidtiJ toainct; virttu ot 
an indlvldaal. 

GOODS, wares; commodities of any description. 

FuBNiTUBE, \_ffmrn\twe, F.] whaterer is placed in a hotwe or 
apartment for use or ornament. 

Chattei/8, \cha$tel, goods, N,] any movable possesions. 

Movables, [meKfties, F.j any species of property not iized. 

Effbctb, \e§icio, to produce, L.] personal estate. 

Qoodt comprehend boolu, mooey, die. as well as hooschold yunu/are ; 
chailtls are what a peraoa may keep in his ont-hooses, yard, and llelds, aa 
cattle, implements of husbandry, tools, and the like ; movabla opposed to 
fixtures; ^tcla incliidea lands, tenements, book-debta, &c., every tUng that 
can be converted into money. 

GOODS, worldly estates. 
PossBSBioNS, [po«Mdeo,* to occupy,L.]anytbtiig posaetted or 
.OPERTY, [y , 
Woridly foodt; earthly fMtKMian(;*i 

' GOVERN, [ gouverna; F,] to eierciae authority ; to control. 

Rule, [rego, L.] to iwur; to manage with power. 

Rbgulatb, [regulo, LJ to direct; to reduce to order. 

The king governi ; the tyrant rale) ; those who cannot goiem themselves 
must be ruled ; re^alale all things with sound judgement ; gocem your pas. 
sions ; rtgulatt your aSectioas, your Ufe ; be not nJed by feshion. 

GOVERNMENT, manner of conducting pubhc affairs. 

Constitution, [from constitute,] system of law and principles. 
There hare been many jDnenmentj wilbont caattituiioni ; but it isVst, 

* This jAtin Terb appears to have been formed from, dthcr poatum to be 
able, aipoitalai power, and itdto to sit or rest, leini, rested. Consequently, 
the fiilllmport of |u»en is. to be able or hate the right to real upon any 
property,— to sit in power orer naytlung. 



both for the governors ood govtnie 

tording to bq ealabliahed lona^ whicn is woiu a m 

GRACE, {^gratia, J..] kindness ; goodwill; mercy. 

Favoh, Ifavor, L7] kind act or office. 

Act of si-ace; frfe/uci>r. Sue lot grace. 

GRACE, elenmce joined to digrii^ and beauty, 

Chabu, [carmen, a aoog, LJ that which bna power to gain the 

" Gract was in all her tttpa."—(Millon.) Personal clianai. 
GRACIOUS, disposed to impart unmerited blessings. 

Merciful, compassionate, tender; unwilling to punish. 

Kind, [cun, W.J having tenderness or goodnesa of nature. 

God i9 graeiom in pemuttiag iu to approach him, ntrrtifiU la pardonioK 
our sins; he is "jKmtto the unthankAjl." " Gronoui king;'*^ merciful 
judge ; Hud Mend. 

GRATIFY, [jroii^eor, to make agreeable, L.] to please bjr com- 

phance. . 

Indulge, [indalgeo, L.] to grant, not of right, but favor. 

Humor, to yield to fancy, caprice, or desire. 

We gratify an appetite, a desire, our cntioMty ; we should not indulge in 
bad habits, but we may indulge in barmlegs and salutary recreations ; children 
are often loo niuch indslged ; the sick and aged require to be humored. 

GRATUITOUS, [graluitat, tree, L.] granted without claim or 

Voluntary, [vokmtarivs, wilting, L.] without compulsion, by 

Graluilous gift, blessing, service; voUintary offer, Borreuder, exile. 

GRATUITY, [gratuU^, F.] a present; a&eegiftin acknowledge- 
ment of a favor receivea. 

Recomfbnsb, [eoBHienso, L.] a return for something givea, 
done, or suffered. 

A grniuit!/ is given nnelpectedlT, and withont aiiy particular claim ; s re- 
compense is giveu as a reward for someUilDg done, and in conformity to an 
admitted claim. 
GRAVE, [grtans, heavy, L.] not light in belinvior. 

Serious, [serius, L.I in earnest ; not gay or volatile. 

SoLBHH, [solemnis, L.] piously grave ; reli^usly seiious. 

Sober, [rainus, temperate, L/] calm ; cool. 

Grare in character ; senoua from reflection ; sotemn seatence. prayer, 
dniies. Sober at a feast ; ifrBee at a funeral ; sober in thought, word, and 
deed j graM io looli and deportment. 
GRAVE, fffraf, S.] anyplace where the dead are deposited. 

Tomb, [tombeau, F.]amonument in which the deaa are enclosed. 

Vault, [voSle, F.] an arched repository for the dead. 

SspULCHBB, [seputchrum, L.] a place destined for interment. 
The body rests iu the graoe ; it is enclosed in a iemb ; Che Jewish sepuK 
chrtt were often eicavations in the rocks i " the silent nmUt of death." 

GREAT, [yrea(, S.]iaree; 
Grand, [m-anrfw, L.J nol 
Sublime, [MiJiTaM.L.] exalted in style, sentiment, or exceUence. 

GRIEVANCE, [ffrever, to oppress, N.] that whith caiuea grief, 
burdens, or injure*. 

Hardship, [from hard,'^ seyere labor, want, or irjustice. 

ExcessiTc taiattoii is a grtaance-y being forced to Ltbvr beyood one's 
streDgth, or to be confined to biuiuess to tbe injur; of one's health, is n 

GRIEVE, to feel pain of mind ; to suffer sorrow. 

Mourn, [tnurnan, S.] to express grief or sorrow. 

Lament, [/omenfor, L.] to bewail; to regret. 

We gritt^ IDwiu-dly, mourn outwardly ; we grifw for onr follies and crimes, 
Dknim for our losses and misrattimes ; we muy bitterly and loudly lameiti m 
the moment of trouble, but it is tranaitory compared to gryf and muur.iLia. 

GROAN, \_gTonan, S,] to breatbe nith a hoarse noise, a^ in yaai, 
sorrow, or anguish. 
^].>AM, Ijiuenan, S.] to deplore with an audible voice. 

A deep aad hollow grfmn ; a slow and plaintive nMaR. 

GROSS, \_gros. P.] impure; shameful; iodelicate. 

Coarse, [crns^us, tuick, L.] rough; unrefined; rude. 

GLAKANTEE, [yaran/ir, F.] to engage that another person shall 
perform what he has stipulated. 
Rksponsible, \respondeo, to answer, L.] to be accountable lor. 
Sbi;ur[tv, [securtios, safety, L.] to he bound tor the payment 

of a debt, for keeping tbe peace, &c. 
AVabbant, [^aranfir, F.j to seciu'e inviolable ; to assure tb^t a 

thing is of good quaUty. 
Cuarantee llie fuUlmeut ofa contract, tbe execution of a treat; ; mafter^ 
are resptnisibit for what their servanU do ; one Loay be aecuriti/ for a ; 
a tradcimau tcarranfi his goods. 

GUARD, \_gaTde, F,] a man, or body of men, whose business it is 
to preserve a person or place from attack. 
Sentinel, [seniio, to perceive, L.l one who watches to observe 

and give notice of the approach of danger. 
A guard to heep offinCradera; asenfinel to natch the motions of an enemy, 

GUARD, a defender; a protector. 

Guardian, [jjflrdieji, F.] one to whom the care and preservation 
of any person or thing is committed. 

He appoinWd a gimrd to waleh over his property i a guardim tor his chil- 
drea : a auorijian supplies tlie place of a parent. 


GUARD AGAINST, to bewu« of ; to uk cuitioti. 
Take hbbd, [ktdim, S.] to rmii with caie. 

Oiard ogaaat thOH irko wtrald lud yon utcay ; taki luti to joor WKys. 

GUEST, [ 9u(, S.] ■ stranger or Mend entertained in tiie houae at 
at the table of another. 
Visitor, of Visitant, [eutfor, L.] one who comei to Me 

Oual at a feast; "the rnddtug mu ftmiilied with gnob;" an oc«*. 
skmal nrif w or viBtaxt. 

GUIDE, [^mdde, F.] director; regnlator of the conduct or coone 

Rule, [re^ufa, L.] canon; standard; principle bf which the 
thoughti or actions are directed. 

A sure guSi ; a fuidi thnmgli tbc wildciucas ; a rult to go by. lUigioa 
!■ onr best finile.- the BMt fa the mle ol mz bith. 

GUILTLESS, r JjW, debt, S.] free from crime or offence. 
Innocent, \innoeent, not hurtful, L.] pure ; not tainted. 
Harhlbbs, {hearm, grief, S.] iimoiious; not injimoiu. 
No maD is guiltlaa ttefbre God ; innoeeni pleafiures ; harmltB recnations. 

GUISE, [ynue, maDner. F.] mien; external appearance. 

IIauit, {habiivs, L.j dress, clothei, garment. 

In an unnauaJ guise; in liiBreguI&r habit. The ^ttilf of Rjigion ; the habil 
of a shepherd. 

GULF, [golfo. It.] a deep rcceaa. 
Abyss, [a, not, or nitbout, busios, bottom, Gr.] bottomless ; an 

immeasurable depth ; any thing iuaatif^le. 
Gu^ of Avemus ; the alniit of time. OierHhelmed In a ftiff! lost in an 

HAPPEN, [hapiaw. W.l to tall out; to come topasa. 
Chancb, [cheoir, to M, F.] to take place unexpectedlv. 

Events ht^peH .- accidents AiQipni. He duaited to find ■ crystal stnsm. 

HAPPINESS, [Aopw, fortunate, W.] the enjoyment of pleasur 
unallojed with pain. 
Fblicity, [felieitat, L.] the enjoyment of eood. 
Bliss, [bluse, jm, S.] the highest degree of h^)pinesi. 
Blbssbdkgss, (bletamg, S.] heavenly joy; the favor of God. 
Bbatitudb, Ibeatitudo, blessedness, L.] consummate bhw a 
that of the saints of heaven. 

Fii'd to no spot is happintn sincere, 
■T^ nowber* to be fOiind, or cT'iywhere.— (Pops.) 
DMiestic/elMly; caajMgai /elicilg. Heavealy Wst. "David 

H ABB on — H A.STRN. 

Haven, [hafan, S.l > place in which ships «re sheltered by the 

l&ad from the fonx of the »e& or the violence of storms. 
Port, [joorhw, L.] > spadoiis harbor for the resort of ships. 
A commoiuaus harbor i a itcvn hmen i the part of London. 

HARBOR, to eutertsin; to secrete. 
Shelter, [skivier, D.] to protect; to afford refuge from injury 

or violence. 
Lddcb, [fojian, 8.] to fiimiah with a temporarr habitation. 

Harbor no traitora, no nscDtmeat; (teUfr t£c onfortiuiHtc; the hen 
$heUcri her cbickeiu under ber wings ; lodge the poor weary traTeUer. 

HARD, [heard, pressed, S.] reusting penetration or separation. 
FiKM, [ firrruu, L.] strong ; not easily moved ; compact. 
Solid, \tolidus, L.] dense; impenetrable; resisting impression. 

Hari atone, seat, bed, atHOe; firm bnOdhiE; firm persaasion, belief; 
nUd rock, ice, ground, mlreT, reason. 

HARD, severe; rigorous; cruel. 

Callous, [calleo, to be hard, L.] indurated; unyielding. 

Hardenbd, con^nned in error or vice. 

Obdurate, [obduratas, L,] impenitent; stubborn; inflexible. 

Insensible, [imensibilii, L.] void of mental sensibility. 

Unfeblino, not susceptible of emotion or affection. 

Bard maiter, creditor ; catious mind ; hardened sinner ; obd^irate breast, 
temper ; iiMcnnilc heart ; unfttling father. 

HARD, not eamly accomplished ; not easy to the intellect. 
Difficult, [diScili*, L,] attended with labor and pains. 
The task was hardani d^ffiaul: tdifflrull subject ; Aarii to be Dnderatooil. 

HARDLY, with difficulty ; barely. 

Scarcely, [icario. It.] hardly; icantly. 

Hardly nndciatknd, judge ; tcarcelj/ see, perceive, beliere, ttunk. 

HARSH, Iharsch, 0.] austere in behavior. 

Rough, [hreoh, S.l rugged of temper; inelegant of manners. 
Sbvebk, [smenu, L.] ngid; unreasonably strict or esact. 
Riqohovh, [Hfforonu, L.] allowing no a1}atenient or mitigation. 
HortA master ; rOHjA stranger ; Kctrijudgei rj^omu punisluaept. 

HASTEN, [hdtir, F.] to make haste; to move quicltly. 

Accelerate, [acedtTo, to quicken, L.] to hasten progression ; 

Speed, [ipedian, to send, S.] to w> away quickly. 

ExPEDiTB, [expedio, to hasten, C.] to hasten hy rendering easy. 

Despatch, [rf^/^cAw, F.] to send away hastiiy ; to execute 

He haairnfJ on bla joQnie; i he BKtleraltd the business ; he quickly tptd 
hia way ; fxpt^lt your march \ dapalch yuur affairs, the messenger. 

HASTEN, to make haste; to move quickly. 
HURttv, [cnrro, L.] to <lriTe or press forward. 
Halter your pace, shun delay ; yet do not Imrry; proeeed witb eautiaa. 

HATE, \hatian, S,] to abbot aa sinful. 

Dbtest, \detestor, to witness agiunat, i. e. to condemn with in- 
dignation, L.] to hate as mean. 
Hale vice ; ietett fraud and hypocrisy. 

HATEFUL, exciting KKBt averaion or diwut. 

"^ ' ' ' '' us, L.] offensive, detestable, abominable. 

IS, \odiosus, L.] offensive, ( 
■' ---[, practice ; ■"— - * — 

HAVE, \habbim, to seize, S.] to hold ; to retain. 

VossBKS, \^po»sideo, to occupy, LJ to enjoy or occupy actually, 
Tu have an estate ; to foata ricbe's. !>) jbarc money ; to poisas a right. 

Haughty, ^autain, F.] proud, contemptuous ; disdainAd. 
High, \heah, S.] arrogant, lo%, boaatful. 
!Ugh-mindkd, proud, preaumptuoua. 

h'luyhly spirit, temper; Mgh tone ; be not Mgh-mindtd, but fear. 

II.IZ.\RD, [hasardtr, F.] to expose to chance; to put in danger of 

HEADSTRONG, not easily restrained; ungovernable. 

Obstinate, [obnlmaius, L.] pertinaciously adhering to an opi- 

CoNTVMACious, [con, and tuTneo, to swell, L.] |)crverse, diso- 
Stubborn, [stvh, stiffj inflexible ; not to be persuaded. 
Headv, \heafd, head, S.] hurried on by will or passion. 
Opinionated, [nptnor, to think, L.] stiff in opinion. 
Prsfossessed, [pre, before, ooMuifo, to hold, L.} preoccupied. 
', i'lfaluo, to make fooUsh, L.] deprived of sound 

J, that he will not be advised ; so obiliiiate, 

H^inM all his saperiors ; so ihiibom, that he foUoirB only his own will ; 
Atndif in rushing into wild schemes ; opinionated in his notions ; and so pre- 
possesaed in his aAlcetloiit, that Dpoo the whole he seems completely ii^fatiialtd. 

HEALTHY, [ieoion, to heal, S.] conducive to healt^.^,^,,,|^. 


Wholbbohb, [heibam, G.l contributing to health. 

Salubrious, [sabibrii, L,] favorable to health. 

Salutary, [salutarii, L.] prorooting health, 

Sound, [sund, S.] not morbid; not diuued; baying all the 
organa complete and in perfect action. 

Sane, [samts, L.] not disomered or ibattered. 

Health!/ sitnation, emiiloymeal, cierdse, recrcatioa; vholtiomt food; 
johiftnous air, stream i njutary remedy, rMtriction ; lound root, Ituigi, litei, 
constitution, health, digestion, eleep, mind, oudentandiDg ; nnu In bod; 

HEAP, [heapian, S.] to throw tc^tber. 

PiLB, [pUa, a heap, L.] to raise up loose materials. 
Accumulate, [ocnimufo, L.] to collect or bring together. 
Ahabs, \masaa, a lump, L.] to gather a great quantity. 
Etap stones ; pile wood ; ataaudate prDperty ; aptatt wealtti, breasuie. 

HEAR, [Apron, S.] to perceive by the ear. 

Hearken, {heorcman, S.] to give heed to nhatis uttered. 
Overhear, \oeer, and Aear,] to bear by accident. 
We hlar a sound ; we hearken to a whisper f we merhear that which ia 
Intended to be kept secret. 

•e attachment \ cordial fneod- 

to lift up ; to dilate. 

' laiver ; to increase in size. 

el (nd nielli. A ship heaeii ; tbe ocean itoelU. 

HEAVY, [jleq/iy, S,] tending Strongly to the centre of attraction. 
BuRiiENSo»4B, [from fruro*!!,] grievous; troublesome to be borne. 
Weighty, [tcsg, a balance, s!j adapted to tiim the balance. 
Ponderous, [ponda-osus, L.] extremely heavy. 
Hraei/ to lift ; Ina'daitome to carry ; a toeiyhlg load ; a ponderoaa shield. 

HEIGHTEN, [heah, high, S.] to increase ; to enhance. 

Raise, {raisyan, Goth.] to exalt ; to enlarge. 

AooRAV ATE, [ai/graim, to make heavy, L.J to make worse. 

Men height™ the value and raise the price of an article ; bis injudicious 
defence serves to heighten the enormit; of his offence, and to aggramte his 

HEINOUS, [hame, hatred, F.] odious; wicked in a high degree. 
Flagrakt, \_fiagrans, burning, L.] notorious; glarmg. 
Flagitious, ijCtgitium, a scandalous crime, L.] grossly wicked. 



HELP, [hehxm, 8.] to lend itreni^ or meuu. 
Assist, fiufufo, L.] toftuther m Mime tmdertakuig. 
Aid, {ai§ulo, L.] to furuith sapport or means. 
SuccoB, [tmievrro, to run to, L.] to deliTer from difficulty, dU- 

Relibvb, [reiew, L7| to free from say eviL 

Hilp & person to work ; oditf Uu in his prolenlira ; aii him in > pntnit, 
•cheme ; niccor the opprund ) rtlicvt the poor, the rick, the ntedf. 

HEROISM, Ihtnu, a demi-^od, GrJ the qiulitiei of a heto. 
Maonaniuitv, [magnanwatat, LH greatness of mind. 
FiRHNBBS, [/rmo, to fix, LJ stMmneu, oonstincy, Kwlntdon. 
Gallantry, Igalanlene, FJ] biaveiy, nobleness, coungeoiu- 

FxLTBR, (failo, to stumble, L.] to spealc with a broken nt- 

Stahmer, Ittamtr, a stammerer, SJ to speak witb imnstnnd 

hesitation ; to otter wordi imperfectly. 
Stutter, [ttaitm, to hinder, Dut] to speak with stops and dif- 

Htlutaatti'tatintatarwtri he iWsif olnl in Ua words ; /UfemI in Us 
nrice ; do not itamntrr ia readbig ; those who tit iacUned to ttnlter throo^ 
sa impediment in speech shonld BlwsTe speak delilxtatelT.and oererin a hnnj. 

HETERODOX, Iheteroi. diB^Kut, doMi, opinion, Gr.] deviating 

from the tenets of the established church. 
Heretical, [oireri*, an o^^KMite opinion, Gi.] contrary to soand 

Betavdox divine, opinion ; hintital doctrine, meaning, interpretation. 
HIDEOUS, Ihideux, P,] frightful ; shocking to the eye. 

Ghastly, [yiutjtc, spiritlike, 8.] likeaghoit in appeuance ; 

pale ; deathlike. 
Grim, [prim, fierce, S,] ferocious ; impresnn^ terror. 
Grisly, [griaUc, startling, S.] dreadful, horrible, frightful. 
Hidamt idgtit ; grAaifly smile ; ^riei conntenimce ; pitig spectR, locks. 

HIGH, [hrah, 8.] long upwards ; rising above. 
Tall, [lella, to Btretch, W.] erect and slender. 
LoNY, llqfler, to lift, D.} elevated in place. 
Bigh Ikonse, bolidinf ; tall person, tne j Iqflj/ steeple, ro 

HILL, [Syi, S.l an eminence or elevation of ground. 
Mountain, [nuHu, L.] a large hill ; a vast e] ' 

Rock, [roc, roeke. P.] a vast mssi of atony m 

TheSnirerKUi; tiie mnintiiiiu irf Wales ; the nWib of Dovedale. 


HINDBB, [Mndrian, S.] to intemipt ; to impede. 

Pbevint, [priecfRK), to come before, L.] to intercept ; to u- 

Obst&oct, [pbstruo, to ttop the way, L.] to interpoie n impe* 

Ihpsdb, [impedto, to entangle the feet, L.] to present obttscle*. 
Sto p, [stoppen, Du.] to hinoer £rom pn^reisive motion. 
Rbtard, Iretardo, L.] to dimimsh in iwiftnera of covne. 
Delay, [dilatas, extending, L.] to prolong the time of acting. 
Dapea, [d^ero, or differo, L.] to put off to a iliture time. 
Postpone, {pottfono, to place after, L.] to put off. 
Fhocrastinatb, [pro, andcFUito-monowiL.] to put off from 

day to day. 
Prolong, [tiro, and limgtu, L.] to extend the duration of. 
Protract, \_protTaho, (o draw oat, L.] to lengtlieii. 

Bmdtrtd b; the *eitber ; jmtaiiti hf dekneu ; impeiti Bud obitruttti 
in B couTBc 01 progRH by obitade* and AflcnUia i itopptd in h)a carter. — 
Tlie work vaa rttardti. — IMan not an action vhkli jon an eonvlnccii it is 
your daty to perfwm ; bnt foa mar dt^cr it till ail tittng* are ready tor the 
pertoncBDce, and iwtfpiHU it Uil the proper time I iHrwerer, do notpmcnuft- 
nalt a cbhk from a dilatorr dlipoeltioa. — Do not frelo»g a uieleu contest, 
nor protraet a iitigioua nit. 

HINT, distant alliuion ; slight mention. 

SuQOEBTioN, \mg^eTo, to hint, L.] fiiat intimation or proposal; 

aecret notification. 

Intimation, [tnfimM, inncrniost, L.^ obscure, secret, or indi- 
rect declanitiou, information, or sign. 

Insinuation, [innnuafio, a winding in, L.] the act of infusing 
gently or conveying imperceptibly. 

Take a hint : follow a titggaikm i recdve an iafinafim ,- disregard an in- 
limuilim, TliTOW oat a hint i oSa a mggalvm ; ^le sn ixtimatum i coDTcy 

HIRELING, {hyre, price, S.] one who serve* for waees. 

Hbrcbnary, [mercM, reward, L.] one moved by the love of 

A mean ktrtling; a sordid mertauiry, 
HOLD, [ieaUon, S.] to have; to maintain. 

OCCVPT, [oecupo, to enter upon what is vacant, L.] to keep; 

PossBHS, [possideo, L.] to be master of; to enjoy actually. 

A pcnon may iold an wtsti for anotber, or oeoipy it for ttlnucU ; wlwn 
the owner of an estate Uvea npon it, he held; oetapia, and pomntf it. — 
Hotd a person in esteem, oenpg his httenlioD, pottttt liis friendship. 

HOLD, to keep. 

Support, [stmporto, L.] to sustain ; to iiphold ; to carry on. 

Maintain, \manut, band, Imeo, to hoQ, L.] to defend; to 
hold out. 
Hoti an o^aiou ; aufii/iiiii it by reason and argument ; tmpoH \ conteit. 


HOLINESS, r&om Aolu,] freedom from si 

\ prinaple of holiiuii : a garb 

HOLLOW, [hoi, S.] expRTated ; Dot aound ; not fiuthful. 

Empty, \amtig, idle, S.] unfurnished ; ignorant; unaubstantia]. 

Hailaai tree, eye; emply pit, vessel. — Hollota hrarted; ItoUoa friend ( 
tnply headed ; mpfj excuse ; onply plenmiTes. 


in heart ; )iure from ain. 
careful of the duties owed by created being! 

uod ; godly ; sueh as is due to sacred things, 
IT, [depofti*, L.] yielding a solemn 

t, [reliffioatis, L.] disposed to the practice of reli^on ; 
xat with the duties of religion. 
Holy an^ls, propheU, npostlea, men, and women ; a puHu maa seta the 
Lord always befoie bim ; pU/ut awe, cart ; deroal in prayer and praise ; reii- 

HOLY, hallowed ; perfectly jiist and good. 
Sacred, [sacer, set apart, L.] proceeding fi«m God. 
DiviNB, [divw, a god, L,] appropriated to God. 

Heig Sabbath, Scripture ; sacred writiiiga, laws ; diaae serrke, vorahip. 

HOMAGE, [homai/imtt, L.^ aerrice and submission promised to a 
sovereign or a superior lord. 
Fealtv, [fidelia, trusty, L.] faithful adherence to a superior lord. 
Court, [car(, S.] address to gain fBvor. 
Pay komage to superior* ; /eaify to the king ; flatterers make eourl to the 

HONESTY, [honalas, L.] justicej feimeas; truth. 
Uprightness, moral rectitude. 

Intrgritv, [mtegritas, entireness, L.l purity of mind. 
Probity, [probitas, proTed virtue, L.] sincerity, veracity. 
Hantity in dealing ; iipnjWiiMJ of principle ; strict iiiJei|ri(j( .• pnbitg ot 

HONOR, [honoro, L.] to regard with deference. 

Revbrbncb, [reeereor, to fear, L.] to regard with mingled awe, 

respect, and affection. 
Rgbpbct, [respieio, L.] to consider with some degree of venen- 

Honor yonr [larcDts i raemet your Creator ; reiptti a true ftiend. 

HONOR, [Aonor, L.] exalted rank; high estimation. 

Dignity, [dynilat, worthiness, L.] elevation of toiud. 

A man may have what the world calls Soiwr. and yet be destitiite of real 
diffnitt/. 4 


HOPE, [Aflpiojj, S.] to denre «ome good with a belief that it may 
be obtained. 
£XPECT, [escpeeto, to look forward, L.] to baTc a previoua appre- 
hension of either good or evil. 
Trust, Itrmasian, S.] to rely on ; to depend on. 
CoNiriDE, {confido, L,] to hclieve in with assurance. 
We hope for tiit liest, when wt have too loach renaon to txpecl the wotbI ; 
frwt In a piomise ; confide In a friend. " Hope thou in God." 

HOT, [hat, S.] having sensible heat ; easUy eKcited. 

FtBBY, like fire ; vehement ; impetoous. 

Burning, [byTvan, to rage, S.] consuming; flamii^; glowing. 

Ardent, l^ardeas, L.] eager; animated; affectionate. 

Hel weather; fan/ sword, giSf ; 6miHiti| coal. — Hot temper; Jitrn aplrit; 
burning zeal ; ardent poramt, love. ^ 

HOWEVER, [An, ajre, S.] at least ; at all events. 
Ybt, [ get, S.] even ; after all ; still. 

Nkvbrtheless, InJfre, the iirt, S.] in opposition to anything. 
Notwithstanding, not opposing or preventii^. 

Bomever he vas an excellent author ; nnerihrlna he was a bad liver ; yei 
he acquired feme ; notvAtbitandittg all I have sud, he stiU persists. 

HUMAN, {hmnanus, L.} belonging or pertmning to mankind. 
HuHANK, having the feelings and dispositions proper to a man. 
Hunum nature ; a Aunua bdog ; humane individual, disposition, action. 

HUMBLE, [Aunuu, the earth, L.] not high ; not great. 

HUMBLE, \karailis, L.] not proud ; meek ; lowly in heart. 

MoDBST, [modestus, restrained, L.] not forward or bold. 

SuBuiBBiVB, [tuAmusui, L.] testifyii^ dependance or inferiority. 

We are lamble from a sense of our imperfections ; modtst in not settiOE 

too moeh value on our virtues or talents ; submisiiM to those in power, to a 

HUMBLE, to make submissive or lowly in mind. 

Dboradb, [rf«, down, gradus, a step, L.] to reduce in the esti- 
mation of others. 

Misfortunes humble a man ; vice degrades him. 

HUMOR, [Aumor, L.} temporary turn of mind. 

Temper, [(empwo, to moderate, L.] frame of mind. 

Mood, [iitod, the mind, S.] state of mind as affected by any yas- 
sion or feeling. 

Bitmor is fluctuatiag and momentarf ; tender is more halritnal ; a melan- 
cIioIt mood ; an angr; mood^ 

HUMOR, present disposition, or predominant inclination. 


Capbice, [caprice, F.] &eak; whim ; audden change of opiiiion. 
Gkiod JuBwr i bad Inaniir ; caprict la mlmys bad. 

NoxioVB, [noceo,to hurt, L.^ harmful, baneful, unwholesome. 
NoiaoHS, [noisife, N.] offensive to the senses; destructive. 
Too mqcfa stQtlf Is hur^fitt to the health ; permdoia company, notioiu, 
example ; nociout air, dimate, vMds, "nlmflla ; now>ru dangvon, windi, 

HYPOCRITE, Ihupokrites, from hvpokrinrmai, to feign, Gr.] one 
who couuterfeits a moral or relu^ous chaiw^ter. 
DiSBBMBLBK, [dusitoulo, to hide, L.j a man nho conceals his 

ite disposition or opini 
ritt pretends to be what 

A AjrpDeHl« pretends to be what lie is not ; the duimiler cDaceals wtait 
he is. 


IDEAL, [eido, to see. Or.] mental; existing in the mind. 

Imaginary, Itmago, image, LJ existiiw only in the imaginatioa. 
Visionary, [wdeo, to see, L.J not real; having nosoUdfbun- 


Ideal hspplDGBS ; iraagimiry good ; vUieiiaiy prospect, sebeme. ■ 

IDENTITY, {ideatilas, sameness, L.] the state of being not ano- 
Sau BNBBS, [same, S.l near resemblance ; correspondence. 

"nien is a lomflUM in thetf characters, but na sobstautial proof of ujatfty. 

IDLE, ^del, empty, S.^ trifliu; ; averse to employment. 
Lazy, [Ij/ser, D.] dismclined to action oreiertiou. 
Indolent, [in, not, dolie, to feel pain or grief, L.] indulgingin 

ease ; sluggish ; listless. 
Idie at leaniiiig ; lazj/ at work ; aatnrallT iadoltal. 

IDLE, not busf ; unused ; unemployed. 

IDLE, useless ; ineffectual; trifling; unprolitable. 
Vain, [vantis, L.] worthless; unimportant; fruitless. 
An idle fancy, story, words ; a mw mmguutioD, opinioDi pwsnit, efforts. 

IQNOBANT, [iynorimt, L.] destitute of knowledge. 

Illitbratr, [iKteratva, not lettered, L.] unuutnicted in sci- 
ence or books. 


Unlbttkrbd, not reraed in literature. 
Unlearned, uniaformed; not instructed. 

To be ignorani is not always a bnlt, but aametlmea > miiforliuu ; iUtt- 
riUt, vtUamed, and mtieltertd, ImpiT diSereat fbmu of igyumtnet. lliJEte 
different tfmu are used bj «mj of reproacb, or not, according to drcnm- 

ILLUMINATE, [iUumino, to enlightea, L.] to throw light on ; to 
came to lUMentuid. 

Illumine, to Bpread light on; to brighten. 

Enliohtbn, [ettliktan, S.] to illuminBte ; to lupplj with light. 

Ilbiininattd vith kmnrbdn or grace { the mm ilhisuiufa the ik; ; Ulvmiiu 
Is a poetical term ; the mliuf is mnghlemd b; instmctloii. 

IMAGINATION, limaginatio, L.] the will working on the nute- 

Thought, [theahl, SJ reflection; consideration. 
Notion, [notia, L.} the conception of things inmibleoi 

Brmiant imagination ; a clear and distinct idea ; a fine thnufhi ; a 

IMITATE, [imtor. to copy, L.l to 

Miuic, [mima, an actrcM, L7] U 
cnle by a burlesque iinitatiot_. 

Mock, \moquer, F.] to sneer ; to deride by in 

APK,to imitate servilely as an ape imitates huuiau u,iiuuo. 

Inuiatt good actions and examples ; men mtfRic others for sport ; to mozk 
is lery Ul'Oatured ; weali men ope the dress and manners of ttaeir BUperi<»s. 

IMITATE, to endeavor to resemble ; to be guided by. 
Copy, [copy, Ukeness, Aim.] to follow a model. 
Counterfeit, [contrefmre, F.] to put on a resemblance. 

Imitate a good style, bat do not slavisbly copy tbe style of another ; he 
arunterfeitt Uie persoa, voice, and haod-wrlttng <$ another. 

IMMEDIATELY, [im, for in, nun/iys, middle, L.] at the time pre- 
sent ; wi^out a medium or delay. 

Instantly, \iiiatanta; immediately, L.] without any percept- 

Instantanbovbly, in an indivisible point of duration. 
DiBBCTLY, [directiis, straight, L,] in a straight line or course. 
You are wanted immeiiaitiy ; iiatanils, tbis yerj moment ; go directly , as 
a direct line is tbe sborteat course ; uu/aiilannRulyistbe strongest lenu of all. 

IMMINENT, [tmrntneiM, shooting over, L.] about to fall; press- 
ing closelT. 
Imfendino, Ximpendmt, hanging over, L.} 
pended above. 



care aiul caution we may escape tbe il\rcaleaiiiji evil. 

-IMMODEST, [immodeslus, unieatraiaeil, L.] wanting proper re- 
serve, delicacy, or chastity. 
iMFUUiiNT, limjiadeiis, stiameless, L.] wuiting decency. 
Shaublusii, tleatitute of ahame 1 iu^eosible to disgrace. 
Au immodtst female ; aa impudtni fellow ; a. shaiaeUss conaid. 

IMFAtU, [enptrer, F.] to enfeeble ; Co make worse, 
Injure, [in, not, j'lu, rigbt, L,] lo hurt or wouud. 
Tbe health aiaipuited by iatemperaiice j we azeiijuredbj ablow, orafall. 

IMPERFECTION, [imper/ectio, L.] Che absence of any thing 
necessary to perfection. 

Weakness, \juum weak,1 want of strength or vigor. 

Fhailty, liableness to be deceived; sin of infirmity. 

Failing, [fallent, sliding, L.] lapse ; slight fault. 

FoiBLB, [foible, K.] a predominant weakness in tbe character. 

iBtper/eciioii of characiir j aeaintss of juiij^uicul ; frailties of the pas- 
uoDB ; Uod knows our/ruiJ'y ; /aUisgt io teuitier ; jMles of habit. 

IMPERIOUS, [ingteriosus, L.] assuming command. 
LoROLV, [hla/ord, lord, S.] haughty; despotic. 
DoMiMEEKiNu, [cfo>»iuor,ta rule, L.] ruling over with insolence. 
OvBRBEAKiNO, [from onerbear,] tending to subdue by insolence 

or effrontery. 
liaptriaua temper ; lord!!/ air ; domineering tone ; ocerbearing behavior. 

IMPERTINENT, [in, not, pfrltnens, belonging, L.] intrusive ; not 
pertaining to the matter in hand. 
Rude, [rudig, L.] rough ; of coarse manners ; uncivil. 
Saucy,' [Ai'jtu, salted, L.] pert; contemptuous of superiors. 
Impudent, [impiideuii, shameless, L.j bold and contemptuous. 
Insolent, [insofens, not accustomed, L.l haughty, uvei-bearinjj. 
Imptrhnail qaestion i Tvde behavior ; lancy chud ; ini]iudent look ; iiuv- 

IMPERVIOUS, [in, not, per, through, via, way, L.] not to be 

Impahsahle, that can not be passed; not admitting passage. 
Inaccessible, not lo be reached; not to be approached. 
Itupervioia wood, thicket ; impaaabU road, river; inaccessibtf height or 

IMPLACABLE, [implacabiRs, not to be appeased, L.] not to be 
pacified; stubborn or constant in enmity. 
Unrelenting, [un, not, re, back, ientits, gentle, slow, yield- 
ing, L.] cruel ; feelii^ no pity. 
RELENTLsaa, unpityiug ; unmoved by kindness or tenderness. 



Inexoraslb, [in, not, txoro, to entrest, L.] not to be moved by 
ODtreaiy or prajer. 

ImplaiiAU aalmodtf ; tmrtlenHng temper; nlaiilea wigcr; aitxorablt 

IMPLANT, [in, ta&plaiUo, to set, L,] to inlix for tbe purpose of 
Ingraft, [yre^er, to insert, F.] to fix deep. 
Inculcate, [incvlco, to force on, L.] to impreu by frequent 

repetitiona and Bduonitioiu. 
Instil, [inifiiio, to drop in, !<.] to iminuBte any thing imper- 
ceptibly into the mind. 
Inpvsb, [in/undo, to pour in, L.] to iunnre. 

Implant the seeds ^ viitoe ; ingrnfl priud^ea \ inevitale truth { iistil 
^Dod Aentimeata i p«noiu infuse nrdor, coura^, jealousy, and other quali- 
tlea into the miuib of Dthen. 

IMPLICATE, Im^Keo, to fold in, L.] to bring into eonnexion witli ; 

Involve, [invoteo, L.] to envelop; to orerwhelni. 
Implicated in A trAasaetioii, crime ; <atwtiwil In > Isv-snit, la ddil. 

IMPORTANCE, [in^orlo, to bear on, L.] a bettring on some 

. CoNSEauBNCB, [ponsequentia, L.] tendency m to effects. 

Weight, [wiht, f>.] power to convince ; that which a adapted 

to torn the balance in the mind. 
Moment, [motiteutitm, force, L.] influence ; effect. 
It L^ an aftilr ot laiportaiier, therefore the least delaj would be of comt- 
^ftace I an argmnent of great ineigM ; a coneem of great niwunt. 

IMPRINT, [imprimo, to press in, L.] to mark by pressure. 
Impbess, [imprMfio, A Stamp, L.] to fix deeply. 
Enobavb, [ yracer, F.] to cut in ; to mark by incisions- 
Let reli^one truth be so imprinted on the mind In earlj life, that it ma; 
not be foigotten ta after life ; let it be impraud on the miad 90 as to produce 
couiictioD ; let it be mgrann on the mind so that It may uot be ersdicated. 

INABILITY, [tn, and habilitat.powtt, fitness, L.] want of physical 
or mord power. 
Disability, deprivMion of means or of power. 

Inabilitif to perfbm ; a legal ditabiUtg. /aootUy to pnrchase a ^m ; 
diiabilils to inberit an estate. 

INACTITE, [in, not, and aetUna, L.] not having the power or dis- 
position to act. 

''* ■ 1 ■ ■■ ■ . ji. jjj [egij( impression, 

. .. „ . J or exertion. 

Slotufi]]., (itittDtA, slowness, S.] indulging habitual laziness. 
Sluggish, [slag, a snail, S.] naturally indolent and slow. 
Inadiri Id bustnesB ; inetl ia moiemeut 1 I'aty at work ; ilotlifal in rising 
from bed ; stuffpsh idleness, beast, stream. 



INADVERTENCY, [inadverleas, not tiuTimg to, L.] 
negligence; not turning the mind to. 
Inattkntion, [inaltentiiM, F.] disreganl; ne^eet. 

proceed ftora wilful inait^unit b 

INCAPABLE, [in, not, ca^ax, apt, L.] unable ; TUitinR power. 
Insdvficient, Unmfficxms, L.] wanting power, skil^ or fltoei 

purpoae or to the real state of a tiling. 
Totallr incapablt of aoting ; minffieittit for the tuk ; iatampilait \a jaift i 
iiiadtgtiatt nward, ides, repreientatiaii. 

INCESSANTLY, [inceJsoBs, unceasing, L.] eontinuaUy, 

UNiNTBRRt)FTKDi.v, [intemtptto, A hreaking in, L.] without 

wittont inltrniisno 

INCLINATION, [inclituitio, L.] s leaning of the mind or will. 

Tbndbncy, [(endo, to stretch, L.] drift ; direction or course. 

pROPBNBiTV, [propensio, L.] bent of mind, natural or acquired. 

pRONENBSS, [proniM, heuding fornardB, L.] inclination ; dispo- 

Check every irregnlfir incUnation .- avcdd eiety tliiiig that baa a tndmcf to 
eVU ( B. propeiiity M du ; a prowatit to idolatry, to self-gratification. 

INCONSISTENT, [in. not. cotuUleiu, standing together, L.] in- 
compatible; not suitable. 

lNCONORV0VB,ft'n,andconj7ruiw,agieeing,L,] abiutd; not fitting. 

Incoherent, [tn, and coCsreo, to stick together, L.] having no 
dependence of parts. 

laeomisleat Bctjon, BcnCiment ; the introduction of Images Into places of 

litval worship of the Draty ; the thonghts of a dreaming man are intoSerail. 
INCONVENIENCE, UncMvoiient, not coming together, L.] to 
g^ve trouble, difficulty, or uneasiness. 
Annoy, [tmtwyer, to hurt, N.] to incommode; to toi; to 

tease ; to disturb by repeated acts. 
U01.BBT, [moleslas, troublesome, L.] to vex; to render uneasy. 
We ore intmwmitiucd by Che lose of a BCmnt ; lomoycd by tionblesoae 
TidtoiB ; aaniijied by insects ; moUsled by rude, insolent persons. 

INCORPOREAL, Uneorporalis, L.] without % body. 
DiSEMBODiBU, \iodig, body, S.] divested of the body. 
luMATBBiAL, [materia, substance, L.^ distinct from matter. 
Spiritual, [tpiritas, breath L.] consisting of spirit or essence. 

Angcis are intorporeat 1 the soul of man is fnmoleniil ; duanhxlted ifArit 1 
ipjrflual life, religion. 


IHCmiAlB — IMD1I3NTTT. 171 

INCREASE, [mctmco, to grow, L.] the tUte of growing more. 
Addition, [oiJEJifio, L,] the act of adding one thing to another ) 

opposed to diminution or nibitTaction. 
Accession, [accessio, a moving to, L.] increue by something 

' ;, [aitgeo, to enlai^L.] the state of being made 

if his ft 

>ntT«cted, L,] hftTing incurred 

Obliged, [obligatut, bound, L.] bound in gratitude ; fiivoreil. 
Indibtfd to our pareatg for their care of ns in Infuicy and youth ; obhstd 
to our friends and benefactor? for the fovora they beatow. 

INDECENT, [indeceju, unbecoming, L,] unfit to be seen or heard. 

Immodxbt, [immotJeffiis, unrestrained, L.] minting in chastity; 
wanton; impure. 

Indblicatb, [in, and deUcatus, L,] offensive to purity of mind. 

Indecent tlrcss, worde ; immodett tlioaghCa, ottions ; indeiieaU expression. 
INDIFFERENCE, [«idifere«lia, L.] neutrality of mind. 

Insbnbibilitv, [lentto, to feel, LJ want of sense or affection. 

Apathy, [a, not, patkvs, passion, Gr.] ezeuplioD fiom feeling. 

A man may bave an ijid^erenee to acme particnlar subjects, and jet not 
haie an inuniibililg to all tilings ; much leu a total i^alii/, vMA Is a stat« 
past all feeling. 

INDIFFERENT, [indiferms, L,] feeling no interest or care. 
Unconcerned, [un, and concemo, to see clearly, L.] not anx- 
ious ; nordiaturbed not affected. 
RBGARDLiias, [from ri^arJ,] heedless, neglieent, inattentive. 

It is a thing of so Uttle consequence that 1 am indifferenl abont it ; be ye 
not iinciincrrned about rrli^oa, nor regardlai of its divine admooitloaa. 

INDIQENCE, [iixdigeniia, lack, want, L.] absence of estate or the 
' imfortable si' ' 

Want, fioait, faihng, S.] penury ; deficiency. 

Nebd, [nrat^ S.] exigency i pressii^ difficult ; piuchii^ poverty. 

NBCBsaiTY, [necessilas, L.] a state that requires supply or relief. 

Poverty, [pmtvret^, F,] want of property or riches. 

A large porUon of the horaau race live in iidigetict, and laaay are even la 
uini' of the mcessariea of life. " I know how to abound and to suffer need. 
We should endeavor to reiiere those who are reduced to'neeesiil!). "Hm 
drunkard and the glutton shall conie to pmerly," — (Prov. iriii.) 
INDIGNITI, [irtdignitas, L.^ unmerited contemptuous injniy. 

Insult, [iJiHlio, to leap on, L.] to treat with gross abuse. 

Persons of high rank and office are subjeet to indignities ,- persona of aU 
ranks and statloas are erposcd to tuaUi. Chriat on the cross was treated 
-with the foulest iniigiily. To esU a man a coward or a Uar, is an insatl. 



INDISTINCT, [indUliTKlag, I..] not plainlj marked. 
CoNPUSBD, [confusus, mixed, L.l blended; without order. 
Some of the words tn itidittUel i the whole writiag Is tttfiaed, 

INDOLENT, [in,not,dolro, to feel ptun, L.] inactire ; habitually idle. 
Supine, [njMniM, bending badcward, L.] negligent; drowsy; 

LiBTLBBS, [Man, to lean, 8/] indifferent to what is pasuog. 
Cabblbss, [car, and leas, S.J free from care ; feeling no aotici- 

INDUBITABLE, [indtibitabais, L.] not doubtfiil; too plain to 
Bdmit of doubt ; undoubted. 

Unqubbtionable, [giueslio, on enquiry, L.] not to be called in 

Indibfutabi-b, [in, and dispulo, to throw from, L.] too evident 
to admit of dispute ; inconteatible. 

Undbniablb, [deneffo, to thrust from, L.] nich as eannot be 

Incontrovertible, [eontroverlo, to turn agmiut, L.] too cer- 
tain to admit of controversy. 

Irhbpraoable, [irrtfragabiHs, that cannot be broken, L.] not 
to be refuted or overthrown. 

InditbilabU sense of a passage in an aathor ; unque$li<mablt authority ; n- 
diapsiable claim ; uadtjiiablt truth ; intonlrtnirtilm argument ; irr^ragabU 
grounds, proof. 

INDULGENT, \iadulgau, kind, L.} yielding to Ae wiahet of those 
under one's care ; compliant ; gentle. 
Fond, \_fundian, to caress, S.] foolishly, ii^udidously tender. 

An indulgent mother ) t/ond duibc. 

INEFFECTUAL, [egicio, to produce, L.] not producing its proper 
effect ; weak ; without power. 
Fkuitless, [,^-uor,to use, L.BndJeM,]productive of no advantage. 
Vain, [nanus, L.j to no purpose; worthless; onsatis^^g. 
In^iclual endeavor ; fiaitlrai labor ; vain attempt, pleaaum. 

INFAMOUS, littfamis, of ill report, L.] notoriously vile. 
Scandalous, opprobrious; disgracefiil ; shamefiil. 

It/amoai character ; teandalous proceeding, trannctian. 

IN i' AMY, [infamia, L.] total toss of reputation. 

Io^ioMINY, [ignominia, L.] public disgrace; shame. 

Opphobriousness, [opprobrium, L.] the state of being bHtrful 
and despised. 

Avirid the ciiiaee and vices -nhich eipoae men to u\fttmi/ ; iirnestmy at 
punishmeat ; approbriautmii oT cliuacter. 



INFORM, [i«/ormo, to shape, L.I to give inteHigenee. 
Makk known, to brine to ligm; todiMoro'. 
Acquaint, [accointer, 0. F.l to make fiimiliar witb. 
ApFRtSE, lappris, mfonned, P.] to give written or veAil notice. 

Inform bv letter, Bdvertisement ; nvAt kitaam what btt been eODKSled ; 
atmaial a frliaid vith the drcnnistaiiccs of the caie ) afpritt Um of danger. 

INFORM, to mipply witb new knowle^. 

Instruct, {inslmo, to fiiniiib, L.] to impart knowledge. 

Teach, [tiBcan, S.] to imprett on tbe mind. 

A man biformt another with reapect lo general transaetJODS ; a {ureceptor 
iattnieti hia paplli ; a parent tfoMet Ml children. — Book) iii/Brm ; eipe- 

INFORMANT, one nho givM intelligence or initruction. '^ 
Inforukr, one who discoren offendert to the magiatnte. 
A ftiendlT m/oraaiiti an odloiu itiformer. 

INFRINGE, [b^fHngo, to break, L.] to disturb ; to treapaai upon. 
YiOLATB, \intiio, to injure, L.] to treat with irreverence. 
Tranbgbbsb, [IraniffTedior, to pau beyond, L.] to offend againit 
a preacribed rule or duty. 

INFRINGEMENT, tran^reuion ; violation. 
Infraction, [infractio, breach, L.J the act 
fulfilment; non-obaervance. 

Infiingerntitl on a person's private eancemi ; infraellim of ■ treaty. 

INGENUITY, [nyrenwjw, «ki]M, L,] ready invention. 

Wit, [ait, the intellect, S.] sttatagem ; power of expedients ; 
sentiment produced by quickness of fancy. 

Ingandti/ of invenlion and contrlvuice In nrtB, science ; tnl In sentiBient ; 
■ Saab of tn'. " He mnto not icit the danger to decline." — (i>ry<ln,) 

INHERENT, [mhareo, to hai^ in, L.] existing in something else, 
so as to oe inseparable from it. 
Inbred, fbradtoi, to spread, S.l bred or generated within. 't 

Inborn, ybxran, to produce, S.] implanted hy nature. 
Innats, [innatut, inborn, L.] coeval with exiateoce. 
Wliat Is BihA-nt, Is not adventitlcnis ; irfaat Is inind, li not acquired bj 
effort or habit : what is tnkn-n is natmal, not artUdal. Iniufc is of tbe same 
meaning as btbom ,- bnt iniuUe Is nsed in pUIosophical dlscoBslaas In prefer- 
ence to inAoni. Inktn/U north ; inlrred affeetioD ; inborn pasuons ; imalt 

r mental bcultiet. 

INJURY, anything that impfurs the physical or i 
Dahaob, [doouye, N.] detriment) loss. 
Hurt, {hyrt, wounded, S.] any thug that give^ i.«4.. 
Harm, [ktarm, S.] wroi^ evil. 

Mischief, [mef, wnmg, clirf, head, O. F.] ill coiuequence. 

He Kceirad an ixjtrii bj a E^ ; tbe gooda have suffered damage ; a ktat 
in bis body; "da thyi^iui iiam;" "lest some mucAi^beM him." 

INJUSTICE, [ivjnitUia, L.] Tiolatioa of another's righta. 

Injury, [tnrsrHi, L.j hurt added to injustice. 

Wrong, \wrange, S.] a designed or known trespass. 

If fou have beea guiltf of ao ii^tulice, rapent oi it, and make what reati- 
totiOQ 70U eaa ) rqnir an injvrg : Rdiess a moBg. 

INSIDIOUS, [intidio«u«, lying in wait, L.] watching an oppoitu- 

Treacherous, {tricherie, a cheating, 0. F.] feithleaa; perfi- 

dioua ; guilty of deserting or betraying. 
An iasidHtmt enemy ; a tnadiavui friend, fiuidtns arta ; trtitcitrm 

INSIGHT, \_ge3iht, riew, S.] knowledge of the interior of any 

narrow an'd d 

An innghi iato tlie vo 

<rf the qn^ty ol goodi. 

INSINUATE, [instnuo, convey imperceptibly, L.] 
Ingratiate, [in, and gratia, isvor, L.] to coc 

to anothera confidence or kindness. 
A penDn wbo asimtata himself into the fsvor < 

one that ingriUiata himself with aaother may m 

INSIST, [insufo, to rest in, L.] not to recede from. 

PERSiaT, [persUto, to be fixed, L.] to continue obstinate. 
Insiit on that which Is right, but do natfiernil in a course offoUj. 

JNSNARE, Unare, a stnng, D.] to seduce by artifice. 
Entraf, {attraptr, F.] to catch in a trap ; to iuTolTC. 
Entangle, [tagu, to choke, W.] to involve in something 

which it is not eaay to extricate one's self. 
Inveigle, \enveogla;bi blind, N.] to persuade to somet 

bad or hurtjitl. 

Itanand by psEsion and slluKmentg Isto vice ; tntn^ped is a trap in 
culties ; entaagUd in a net by errors ; imeiyled by deception. 

INSOLENT, [insofens, unaccustomed, L.l overl«*ring. 
Arrogant, [arrogans, claiming more than due, LJasMimj' 
Supercilious, r«u|Kr, above, cilium, eyebrow, L.J proud, 

temptuous ; naughty. 
PuRSE-PBOUD, puffed up with the possession of riches. 
liaolrni treatment ; amgani marmn ; aupertiHiMU saeer ; ptirn 



INSPECTION, [intptelio, a lookiiig into, L.] preniHng csk. 
SuFBBiNTRNDBNCE, [guptT, aboTG, tntendo, to itret^, L.] lupe- 

rior care ; uithonty to direct. 
OvERSiOHT, [over and tiffkl,'] watchftil care. 

Inipetlim of the condnct ; Mi^/erinlmdenct of a Khool. — " Feed the flock 
of God, taking the ovcrright thereof, not by coastnint, hot wilUa^ly.** 

INSTANT, [itutani, presaiug, L.] a point in duration. 
HouENT, [nonMRtiim, force, L.] an indivisible portion of time, 
Ituiant cipreuea a mndi ahortcr ipace than momtnt. 

INSTRUMENT, [tfufrnmeiKiim, L.J that which conduces as a 

Tool., \tol, S.] any in»bument of manual operation j a hiieUng ; 
a ivretcb who acta at the. command of another. 

Persons o( rank and tiilenta hsTe the power of being itutrumaili in the 
promotioB of tlie public good ; jealoos governmeats use spies aa their teats. 

INSURRECTION, [iniuTgo, to riM up, L.] a rising against the 

civil or political government. 
Sedition, [seiiifio, L.J a tumult; a factious commotion. 
Rbbbllion, WebelUo, a renewed nai, from re, a^ain, bello, to 

make war.* L.] warlare against lawful authority. 

Revolt, [rfeofte, F.J desertion ; renunciation of allegiance. 

ItwirreeUon againat either a □sarpcr or a legitimate goremmeut ; srditioK 
ia mart local thu, but may lead to, rebtlUon i moU against a foreign con 

INTENT, [inltKlat, atretcbed or strained, L.J amuously diligent ; 
(bced with close attention. 
Intense, [ititflwiw, strained, L.] kept on the stretch ; levere; 

deep; close. 
fytml on bntioeaa, pleasure, or the acqoiNtion ot sdeace ; Mtitst thonght, 
^iplicatioii, nilleriiig. 

INTERCEDE, [iniercedo, to move between, L.l to plead in fevor 
of; to conciliate. 
iNTKBf oBB, [interpoao, to place between, L.] to step in between 

parties at variance. 
Mediate, [raedius, middle, L.] to attempt to reconcile. 
Intebvehe, [interfero, t{i bear between, L.] to enter into the 

affidrs of others. 
Interueddlb, [infer, and medle, to mix, 0. £.] to interpose 

officiously or improperly. 
Intercede for a crimioal for a mitintioa of his pnniahnient ; the prine« in- 
itrpoitd and made peace ; mtdiale between frienoa to settle disputes ; but 
never Mrrfir* witb others except for some good pnipose, nor tntermeddlc 

le Bonuma, who qnili 


INTERCOURSE. [mtereMTTo, to ran betweep, L.] eitchange of 

d opiniOD. 

Communication, the act of impartiag knowledge. 
Connexion, [connerio, L.] union ; junction ; relation. 
A aiendtjr in/cTMurK .- > &ce tmnnuHicalioa ; ■ cIok ematxioa. 

INTEREST, [into', among, est, it ia, L,] share; partieipBtion; 
advantage ; good. 
CoNcBRN, [eoncerno, to regard, L.] that which relates to, or 
occupies the time and attention. 

It ia the Mtral of every nun tu be viituau ; religion Bhonid be tbe tat- 
cern of the old and the jonng. 

INTERMEDIATE, [infer tud medius, L.] lying between two ex- 

INTERVAL, [infer, between, vallvm, wall, i.e. a trench or ditch, L.] 
apace of time between two points or events. 
Rebpitb, [r^pii, F.] pause; intermiuion of any operation. 

Inlc/nal of CBM, repose ; mpite from labor, Ual, or panluueaC. 

INTERVENTION, [iaterventio, L.] the state of coniiQ|E between. 

Intbhposition, [interpositio, a placing between, L.Q agen^ 
between parties. 

InterBntion ol objects i hiterpaiiiitm ol peraoos. — Inltrvtntiot otdondi. 
obstacles ; iHltrpoiilioji of a friend ^ tuoelT inierptaitun : utferpon'kcn o/ 

INTOXICATED, [/oMciwi, poUou, L,] elated to excess. 

Infa.tua.tbd, [infatuo, to make foolish, L.] deprived of under> 

standing, judgement, and reason. 
Id the 6g:arative scoh, & perwKi is said to be mfofifoted with Bneceu ; in- 
falualtd by an excess of vaniCj, eiCnvagaiice of panloa, or a love of vicious 

INTRINSIC, [intrintecut, L.] inward; internal; essential. 

Kbal, [realti, L.l not fictitious ; not imaginary ; true. 

Genuine, [jrenuintu, L.] uot spurious; pure; unadulterated. 

Native, {nativua, L.] produced by nature ; origiual. 

Jnrnnrii: quality, merit ; real vabie, estate ; ^auiitie Imta of boUaeas, text 
of an autboi ; aalice excellence, wortii, pnri^, tijnplidty, 

INTRODUCE, [inlTodaco. to lead within, L.] to conduct or uah«r 
into a place ; to maJce known to a penon. 

Pbesbnt, \_praieiito, L.] to place in the presence of a niperior. 

One pftson la vitrodueedto another, bis equal, inn general way ; a prraoa 
is preKU'ed at the king's levee, or at eoori, by a nun Of rank. 



INTRUDE, [iiUrvdo, to thniit Id, L.] to enter without iuTitMioa 

Obtrudb, [oblrndo, to thrust in front of, L.] to offer with uj 

TcaaoDaole importunit;. 
He Mruded himedf ioto the cumpany wittu 
aod lie oblmded bie iqiinlous tqxm tbc paitj w. 

U4TRX)DEIl,onGnhofDrceihinuelf into company or afbin with- 
out right or welcome. 
Intkkloper, [loopen, to run, Du.] one who runs into bunnest 

to which he haa no right. 
An offeaaiTe iatnder ; Maioper in bade, bmdncu. 

INVALID, \inealidu», weak, L.] one diaabled by aickneaa. 

Patient, {^patient, suffering, L.] a person diseased or sufieiitig 
bodiljr mdisposition. 

An int<iliij is a person wbo is oat of health ; t, patiai is a person who ts 
ondo' the an of a medical man. 

INVASION, linvoiio, a going in, L.] au attack on the rights or 
posseanons of ani&er ; hostile entrance fOr the purpose of 
iNCuoiiON, [incursio, a running in, L.l hostile attack. 
Ibbuftiok, I irrupt, a breaking in, L.] a violent mihing in; 

a bunt of invaders into any place. 
Inroad, {rod, a ride, S.] sudden or desultory inTasion. 
An itnation of a conntry Is made by a regular aiiay ; an innrsien ii an 
irre^ar, rodden, and hasty mmium .- an irrvpHoa is made by nndiadpllned 
tnx^ ; t^ Scots often taait-mroai* aciass the English border. 
INVENT, linvrnter, F.] to contrive fidBely. 

Fbign [jingo, L.] to exhibit a false appearance. 
Frauk, [/rmnnon, S.] to plan; to devise. 
Fabricate, [/airico, to name, L.J to derise falsely. 
FoRBS, {Jbrgtr, F.] to counterfeit; to felaiiy. 
Persons iiiBflit falsehoods ; ffig* passions, laughtep, sorrow ; framt ei- 
cDoes j fabricate Use stories ; forgi libels, coin, bank notes, hand-writlag. 

INVEST, [investo, to clothe, L.] to array j to adorn. 

Indus, or Endow, \mdtto, to put on, L.] to supply with mentnl 


Iiuat with power, dignity, authority ; tedufd or «ulinc«2 with gtfts or 

INVIDIOUS, [mvi^oms, L.l Ukely to provoke envy. 

Envious, [tntMto, to look at with an evil eye, L,] repining at 

the happiness or prosparity of another, 
/grtdioics task, aAir, reserve ; nmmu dispositton, tongae, look. 

INVINCIBLE, [in, not, vinco, to conquer, L.j not to be subdued. 
UNco.NauBRABLB, [m. Hot, conqaiTQ, to conquer, L.] not to be 



Insusmountablb, [furmonffr, to rise above, F.] that cannot 
be mrmounted. 

" htmnisbU Armada." JnnRciWt spirit, error ; uicon^iKrablc dispositiOB, 
obatiiiaej ; tnnipcrcWc difflculty, Dbjection, aveniao ; iiuurmbiintaAlf bar, 

INWARD, [tntr«ar({, S.] internal ; placed within ; seated in the 
mind or loul. i 

Internal, [intemat, L.] within the body; perttuning to the 

Inner, farther inward than Mtmething else. 
Intbriob, [tnfmor, L.] within any bmits ; not anperfldal. 
"inmirit parts;" inwiinf thoughts i internal mcdidne, peace, excdlencs ; 
" inner maa ;" tnner court, prison \ Met^r parts of the earth, gofemment. 

IRREGULAR, [trre; uforts, L.] deviating from rule, cnatom, natu- 

ral laws, or established principles. 
Disorderly, \i\s, and ordo, L.] contrary to law ; vicions. 
Inordinate, deriating &om right ; immoderate; excessive. 
Intbmperatb, [intempera^, not restrained, L.] contrary to a 

right temper. 

Irr^viar haUta, propencdttea, proceediiiES ; discrderly practices ; inordi- 
ndtt desire of fame, pas^ons \ i/eitia^^ate appetite, language. 

IRRELIGIOUB, [ir, not, retfyo, to bind anew, L.] d 
li^oua principles. 
Profane, [pro, and /imuni, a temple, L.] ij 

names or things ; not holy, 
lupious, [iinptM, ungodly, L.l irreverent towards Ood. 
To be imMgvaa is to be withont religioii, not InflHeDced by the motiTes of 
religion ; to be prq/bu and tmpiim), is to contemn lellgion, and to violate 
its sacred taws. The term pr^one, is used to distinguish gtmeral history 
from the sacred history coDlaincd in the Bible ; in tiiis senae it is not a teim 
\i reproadi, but of mere distincdon. 

JAKOLE, [nmtM, to quarrel, G.] to bicker in words. 
Jab, to daah in words ; to dispute. 
Wrangle, [crania, to twiat, Sw.] to dispute peevishly. 

Good wita will jangXe ; men of opposite tempers and Ofrinlons jar wiUi each 
other ; children wnujlv 

JE.\LOUS, [jofotur, F.] suspicious; sjjprehensive of rival^p. 

'S.syiavs,\i'amdeo, to see with an evil eye, L.] mortified at the 
sight of another's auperiori^. 

Men are jeahuM of vliat they Iherosefves possess, ncious of what otlwn 
poaaCBS. Kings are jealous of theii poner; subjects arc jtaioiu of their 



JEST, [ geslwulor, to mike iport, L.] to say Tihat is not true merely 
for diveriion ; nuke merry by words or actions. 
JOKB, \_jocOT, to tpenk merrily, L.] to say aomething witty or 

calcnlated to excite a laugh. 
Hakk qame ov, [gaiman, S.] to mock at; to deride. 
Sport, to play ; to make mirth with any subject. 
lojtilii to malu DH of ridicvie vhich li not always laaaceat, hat to jokt 
shows good hniDor ; to malit game iff any pCTsoa Is coutrar^ to good maaDcrs ; 
the man who laughe at rdigloa tporti with hla owa salTatuin. 

JOINING, [ju^uin, a yoke, L.] bringing together. 

Union, [uiuo, to mwe one, L.] the act of joining two or more, 
so as to make them one ; coalition ; connection ) concoril. 

JoMng o( streams, of Ideas i wudii of funilies or states ; uniim of soul and 

JOURNEY, [joum4e. a day, FJ tmvei by land. 

Travel, [(roroefK, to toil, W.] act of passing on foot or riding 

from place to place. 
VoYAOo:, iVMtff, « way, S.] passing by sea from one country to 


JtnmtUt for bnnscss ; Iramtt for amusement ; ttoyaga fbt pDrpOSrs of 
commerce and diecovery. 

JOY, [j'ote, F.] the emotion excited by tlie enjoyment or anticipa> 
tionof a^ good. 
Gladness, [from giad,'\ cheerfulness ; exultation ; exhilaration. 
Mirth, {rnyrhthr, S.] social merriment, gaiety, laughter. 
Heartfelt joy ; inward joy i gladntii of coontenance ; noisy mirtt. 

JUDGE, [jtidex, from jW, right, dico, to pronounce, L.] one who is 

inTCSted with authority to determine causes civil or criminal. 

Umpire, [impero, to order, to command, L.] one who, as a 

conunoD friend, decides disputes. 
Arbiter, [arbitfr, a judge chosen between two, L.l a person 

who has the power of determining witliout control. 
Arbitrator, an extraordinary judge between party and party, 

chosen by their mutual consent. 
Ajadgi decides all matters, disputes, and qnestioEis, and psssea sentence 
BCctmUog to law; umpira, arhilon, and arbiiralvri, decide in particular 
eases referred to them accordla; to tbdr awn judgement, oa the full hearing 
of-the cases referred to them. 

JUDGEMENT, {^jagemail, F.] the power o( weighing and compar- 
ing facts or ideas, with a fietv to ascertain the truth. 

BiBCRBTiON, {discrelio, L.l knowledge to govern or direct. 

Prudence, \_prtirUntia, L.J wisdom applied to practice. 

Judgement is directed by rule and law ^ disereium is gmded by preseat ap- 
pearances and circoiBstaiiceB ; prudenct looks to the ftitore piolmble conse- 



EauiTv, [aquilat, L.] the impartial distributiDii of justice. 

Right, [riki, S.] just claim ; legal title. 

Justice is right nccoraing to a written and fstabluhed Uw j fgidl!/ is right 
abure aud beyond all luunan lawa ; It is according to the law of God wriUen 
on OUT beartst and tht ^Iden rule of <mr Saviour, to do onto othcn id all 
caaas ai we would they ahonld do unto na. 

JUSTNESS, [j'tufiM, just, L.] conformityto trathorpropriety. 
CoBBBUTNBBB, [corrigo, to set right, L.] conformity to settled 

rules of taste, &c. 
Precision, [pr«c«i«, cut away, L.] exact Uroitation ; accuracy. 
Justnesi of thanpit, rtmaik, deamption ; loiTtetntti of style, date ; pre- 

KEEP, icapen, S.] to hold in a state of secvrity. 

Preserve, [pTasertio, L.] to defend from any eril. 

Save, [salvo, L.] to keep safe. 

Kiep sheep, aei-vanta; preatrot Ute, property, liberty; save from fire, 

KEEP, not to violate. 

Obbbeve, [o6$ert)o, to hold inTJen, L.3 to regai^ teligioualy; 
to adhere tu in practice. 

Fulfil, l/uU and fill,'] to answer by perfortusLDce. 

Xhp your word ; :t(fp the comnuuidments. — "Teaching them to abtavt 
all Ih&gt nhatsoeier I have commanded yon." (Matt. ixvUi. 30.)~AJ^ 
yonr promisea. 

KEEPING, guardianship 1 state of being kept. 

Custody, [cutlodia, iiatch, 1..] care; charge; imprisoninent. 

One person has the keeping of another petson'a property, Ike. ; penona 
have the cvstiidy or charge of peracma or things ; priaonera are in cuttvdj/. 

KILL, [ew^lm, S.J to deprive of life ; to put to death. 

Murder, \myrthian, S.] to kill a human being unlawfullv. 

AasAssiKATK, [haaia, to kill, Ar.] to kill by secret asaault. 

Slav, or Slaughter, [sUegiat,^.] to put to death by a weapon. 

To kill la aimpl; to take away life ; to murder la to liill with malice afore- 
thought t to ouoHuiate is to aarder by sadden surprise, treachery, and vio- 
lence, after lying in wsit fOr the devoted object i to tiajr is to Mil In battia ; 
a butcher ilaiighttrt (Blmala. 
KIND, [cyn, S J anythmg of the same nature. 

Sort, [sort, lot, L.] a number of individuala selected or sepatMted. 

Spkcieb, {apeciet, sort, L.] a collection of organized beings poc- 
setsing pecnliar propertiea. 



GaNUS, [penut, ntce or familj, I..] an atiemblage of ipedea. 
Order, tordo, leries, L.] a group of genenu 
Class, [hlastit, b*oop, L,} > acientific diTuion or BTrangemeat, 
containing the mbordinste divitioiu of order, genua, aod 

Kind and 8i>rt are general, looee, and indefinite terms \ tptaet, f nw, 
order, aod ehaa, aie particular, deflaite, and adcutific. 

KINDRED, [cjBrm, S.] relation by birth or marriage. 

RELATIONSHIP, \Telatus, brotight back, L.] the itate of being 

related by kindred or other alliance. 
Apfinitt, [a^itaa, L.] relatioD to ; connection with. 
CoNSANOUiNiTV, [coti, aud songmi, blood, L.] relation by de- 
scent from a common ancestor. 
Kindred is the most general tenn, and rtiatufluUp ii lery ucbiIt as eiten- 
aive in idea; q^un^y implies a very near reJo^umtJnp. la al^;aL iedse, fUN- 
lonirHiBity la rdatiimship by blood, and qffUdtj) rdalioaship by marriage. 

KNOW, J^cnatoan, SJ not to be ignorant of; to perceive with cer^ 

AcacAiNTKD WITH, [accomter, to make known, O. F.] to be 

fiilly or intimately known. 
I huHB him bj name, bnt I am not persosally aeqtunnted with him. 

LABOR, [laioro, L,] to exert powers of body or mind. 

Take pains, [piaia, L.] or trouble, [turbo, to stir, L.] to 
use toilsome efibrts ; to do with exactnets. 

Us« ENDEAVOR, [rfrtNjyw, N.l to strive; to attempt. 
Wbeu > preceptor labors to iuatmct Eds pupils, they onglit in their torn la 
tait paiiu to profit by his Instmctiona, and to me er^ endtaiw to improve ; 
f<a, without tatiag some frmiUethemsdves, the best instrnctions will not avul. 

LABYRINTH, [labyrinthua, L.] a place formed with inextricable 
windings and intricacies. 
Maze, [nwse, a whirlpool, 8.] a place of perplexity ; an orna- 
mental wilderness in a garden. 
The dark and winding IniyrinlA .- the wild aiaise. 

LAND, {land, S.] the solid portion of the earth's surface. 

Country, [con, with, terra, earth, t. e. land acDacent to a dty, L.] 
a region ; ui iohahited territory. 

Land refers to the scdl of the earth ; eoaniry to the earth as inhabited ; 
but it is aUow^le to use the words promiscuously. ' 

. LANGUAGE, [lingua, L.] the expression of ideas by words, pounds, 
signs, &c. 
ToMGUB, [tuni;, S.] the word* used by a patticulw nation. 


182 LAKOSLr— LAWPDi.. 

Spekgh, [tpme, S.] the fiuulty of eqfteuii^ thoi^hts t^ wordi 

or articulate .(oundt. 
Idiom, [iduyma, peculiftrily of tpeech, Gr.] mode of expreoiou 

peculiar to aUnguage. 
Dialect, Idiahktos, form of speaking, Gr.] branch of alanguage 

peculiar to a kiogdom or ditrtrict. 
LiBtgiiage b a very general term, aod Is not strlttly conSsed to eiprcsidDB 
bj words, M it is eiprMwd by the countenuiM, by the eyes in partioular, 
and by Higns i do doubt both bcafitv and birds have thdr pccaliHr langaase, 
by whioh they express all that is necessary far tliem )n their condition : tbt 
other terms in this class are more psiticDlar, and are confined to the human 

Toitgut refers to nn original lanernage, as the Hebrew tongue i but we say 
English la'ngvagFj because the modem langvagtt are derived froin the origl- 
nal tvtigiui. A timgiu ii origioal, a laxguagt deriTed. 

Gift of apttth ! tpeeeh wu given to man by his Creator for the noblest 
porposei. Every language haa It* peculiar <iliiiiiu accordaut *ith the pecn- 
liar nunnen, cuatomi, ud sentlawnta of the people. A dialect is aa iad- 
denCal part of a language used by the iohabitaiita of particular districts, in 
.which the tonal of ttie standard words are Tarlonsly dlierdfied. Hie mHth- 

LAROELY, [from large,'] in great quantities. 

" jV, [csptonu, abundant, L.] difiiisel;; amply. 

iced, imdet 

LASTLY, [iMtan, to draw out, S.] in conduaion ; finaUy. 
At last, at the end, 
At length, {lengtht, S.] after a considerable time. 

Lasllv, I obaerre ; at lost fbrtane MOoed to &tDi flien ; and al iMglk be 
obtained the nuunit of his wishes. 

LAUDABLE, [laudabUu, L.] worthy of approbation. 

Fkaisewobthy, rpryj, and icaardijr, Du.] deserving of pruse. 
CoMuBNDABLB, [m>in Commend,'] worthy (rf' hoDurable mention. 

A laudable nndertaldng | a praiiiiBorthy actiau ; commendiAU quality, 

LAUGH AT, mihan. S.I to be menr at 
Ridicule, [rufco, to laugh at, L.] tt 

We laugh at a person, 


Ludicrous, [^bidictr, sportive, L.j adapted to raise laughter. 
Ridiculous, {ruSculiu, L.] excitjng coutempti 

Comical, [conuciu, L.] raising mirth; diverting. 
Droll, [di^le, F.l merry, odd ; fecetious. 

A laughabli joke, incident ; ■ liuticroiii scene ; his conduct il so ridinilou, 
th^ it exeiCes general contempt ; a comical adventure, incident ; a drtU story. 

LAWTUL, llaga, rule, S.] agreeable to law; allowed by law. 

Legal, [Ux, Itvis, law, L.] created by Ian. 
Legitimate, [legitimua, L.] pioceeding irom a pure lource, 
Lauifiil suthoritj i Ujti claim, standard, tc*t ; Ugiiimale oftpiiaff, taelri. 

LAY HOLD OF, Uecgan, and healdait, S.] to take with the hand. 

CjLTCH,Jketae7t, Du.j to seize suddenly, or in pursuit. 

Seize, {saiair, F.] to fall or rush on; to takepossessioubyfonie. 

Snatch, [raakken, D.l to wize hastily or ibmptly. 

Okasp, [ifratpare, lt.J to seize aud hold by claspiug with the 
fingers or arms. ' 

GtitPK, [gripan, S.] to catch eagerly ; to hold fast. 

"Wmhcaot% toUoalt, sndliftiloutf" (Mstt. lii. U.)—" Layhold 
mveternal life." (Ilm. Ti. 12.)— Cafcft a bled, bttll, bare ; seize prey, goods j 
leite a favorable opportunit; ; hnngry uiiiiuls snalrh at thdr fOod ; covet- 

LAY, [legh, S.] a poetic song. 
SonG, [«on^, S.] a poem to be sung; a itrain. 
Ballad, [baliade, F.] a sentimental song. 
The nightlngide'B toti,* a patriotie lanjr ; avarnffljr; a popnlu ballrut. 

LEAN, [A{<iRe, S.] destitute. of &t; hue-boned. 
Meagre, [miii^K, F.] wantins flesh; starved. 

Ltan, agi^iftag not fet ,- itMiijire, tigoiffiDg defldeocy of flesh { Ico* per- 
sou, animal ; ni«ijr» vtsage ; miagre and gluutly. 

LEAN, [hleoman, S.] to deviate from a perpendicular hne ) to tend 
toward ; to rest against. 
Incline, [inc^tno, to boid, L.] to tend toward any part; to be 

disposed ; to deviate. 
Bbnd, [bfiidan, S.] to curve; to stretch; strain. 
Lmm on one aide, on a.italf, on a person's arm; the path iV'tnct to the 
light I the river btndi in its cannc ; the men bmdi under bSs burden ; the 
tree btndt vlth the weight of its bult ; men lean to one side irf a qneitloa ; 
(Nciiiu to a mode of eoadnet. 

LEARN, lleontian, S.] to gain knowledge or skiU, 

Stvdy, [studio, to set the mind, L.] to apply the mind to. 
Ltan to read ; (corn a trade, an art ; ituay a idnioe, the works of nature. 

TAKE LEAVE, [t«/on, S.] to sepaiite from an object. 

Bid farewell, lbiddan,farati, to go, and icel, S.] a wish for 

happiness at parting. 
Bid adieu, [usedeUiptically for ft DJeiijeeoiMreconimaBde,] to 

express kmd wishes at separation. 
We takt Itavt of onr friends for a tirae ; an author taka leant of his rea- 
ders at the conclusion of a work ; we bid farraell and fldicu when we take a 
final ttace of our friends, or of the world. 


iD away or destroyed. 
; worttlc- •--■--- '- 

184 IBAVltJOH — LIFT. 

PBRHiaaioN, [^permitio, L.] consent. 

LiCBNBE, [Ucentta, LA Mitborit^ or liberty given. 

A pcnon takea Itaee to additM others, or begs leiat ,- ttave of abHncc ; 
libtrlg la other taken otgWen; we ieqii«t ptrnmsuni; obtalo a Ikenu; a 
tUtitte is granted. 

t, relirs, reftise. 
» continue, L.] that which is left after ft 
. Imtings of the feast ; restoiiu ol 
The muJiu of a demolished dty. 

LENITY, [lenJ'M, nuldneis, L.] t^ndemesa; softness of temper. 
Mildness, [from miM,] temperateness; tenderness; clemency. 
MBttcy, \miaericordia, L.] tendemeM, pity ; willingness to spare. 

Gentleness, softness of manners ; sweetness of disposition. 

Latitif In tlie remissiaa of paniibment ; taildmu u opposed to nm^uKsa 

of conduct or maoaere ; aurcg to the afflicted or guilty ; jmtkiutt in cor- 

LET, [Uttan, S.l to allow; 

Leavb, [leafan, to grant, S.J to perr 

Suffer, (suffh-o, to bear under,!;.] not to hinder. 

Leavb, [leafan, to grant, S.J to permit without interposition. 

Bi:cording to his a«i 

judgement and discretion ; he svfftrei Ihem to 

' LET DOWN, to permit to sink or fall. 
LowBR, [ioA, a pit, S.l to cause to dei 
Let douii the bucket into the well, the lid of 

LETTERS, [Htera, L.] erudition. 

Literature, \}iieratura, L.] knowledge derived from books. 
Lbarmnq, {Uorniaa, to learn, S,] ikill in science' or binfuam. 
A man of litltri ,- the pleasures, the pursuits of literalvre ; useful Uarmag. 

LEVEL, r^fti, S.] not haying one part higher than another. 
Even, [efen, kid down, S.] equal; not rough or wavii^. 
Smooth, [sauttlt, S.] not rough; not harsh. 
Plain, \_planm, L.] flat ; simple ; ine from protuberance. 

Lntl connby ; ecn ground ; tstoQlA surface, speech ; pUa'K path.sorlbeci 
etwn temper, conduct ; jitein man, truth. 

LIFELESS, [from &/«,] destitute of life, vigor, force, or energy. 
Dead, [dead, S.] deprived of life ; without life. 
Inanimate, {inaaimaXia, L.] void of life or animation, 
A l^tlia corpse ; a dead body ; inanimate part of tiic creation. L^tbti 

and iaoHuna^e in spirit j deorl in Ceeling ; '* d^adiDsin." 

LIFT, ikUfian. to be high, S.] to hold on high. 
HsAVB, [Aea/on, S.l to move upwards. 
Hoist, [kaasier, F.J to raise up on high ; to bear upwardi. 



Raise, [raMyan, Goth.] to advance ; to promote. 
Erect, ["»?'>. L.] to iet up ; to fonn. 

Elevate, [e^o, L.] to raise to a higher atation. 

Exalt, [eealto, L.] to rai»e in power or dipiity. 

Lip a child; he l^led up Us hands; "he htacid U> mlghtr ihidd;" tbn 

heiUrd gtdl ; raise a ladder ; ercrl a scaffold, monnment. Lifttd up vitb 

heiUrd sril ; rmje a ladder ; ercrl a scaffold, roonnioent. Lifttd n; 
pride ; rouid by iidiutry, merit ; tlesattd by circamstaiicxg ; penoni of m- 
paior wbdom and geniiu aie txaltcd. 

LIGHTNESS, [Jitf, of little weight, S.l incooatancy ; dispotition 
to be influenced by triflins conaiderationi. 
Lrvity, [leoilat, hghtoew, L7) luuteadiueu ; gaie^ of mind. 
Volatility, [mio^fu, flying, L.I iprigbtliueaa ; airineH. 
GiDDiNBHB, [jrtdi^, reeling, S.J ineonitancyt heedleameis ; 

LtglUnea ol character, sj^ts, behBTJor ; Ueilg of conduct ; roIoNWji of 
temper, apirlts ; fiddiiua ot yoiMh. 

LIKENESS, [Kc, nmilar, S.] resemblance in form. 

Rememblance, [reismblance, P.] liniiUtade, either of extenkfJ 
tbrm or of i^iuditiea. 

Similarity. [ftmiHs, like, L.] umformity; general likeneis. 

Likrrutt In person ; rtttmblaiut ia featnrea, mamiers, diaporitloa ; nni- 
Itrfty oC case, drcunurtances. 

LIMIT, [liiMt, » bound, L.] the part that terminatei a thing ; the 
border, utmost reach. 
Extent, \extentus, stretched Out, L.] space or degree to which 

any tbmg is extended. 
Umil of 'the mmmtaiD ; JJmJti of a Uterary work ; the extent of the ^be. 

LINGER, [leng, long, S.] to hentate; to irait long without an j 
action or determination. 
Tarry, [tariav, to stay, W.] to continue in a place ; to put off 

goinBor coming. 
Lditbr, [lotterm, Du.] to spend time idly. 
Lao, Itloff, slack, W.] to move or walk slowly ; to come behind. 
Saunter, to wander about lazily. 

He lingered in Ids march ; he tarried there three days i he loitered by the 
way I he tdinrAf behind ) he MBnfen Bboatthe>tneta,(H' from plaeeto place. 

LIST, [list, S.l a row or line. 

Roll, [roftiio, L.] a folded volume ; an official writing. 
Catalogue, [kata, according to, logon, word. Or.] anennmera- 

tion of nunes disposed in a certain order. 
Rbgibtbr, [regiatrtait, L.] hi official account of any proceedings 

regularly kept. 
Chronicle, [cftrotiw, time. Or.] a register of events in order 

eiifiriojBK of books; rtgiiter 


LITTLE, [lyM, S.] not tam in sue or extent. 

Small, [nnfl, ilender, St] bttle in giundty or diameter ; minute. 
DiuiNUTivi, [diminuo, to lesien, L.] narrow, contracted. 
Lilllt child ; null bird, mcamn, qoautit; ( dimiimliBt nee of men. 

LIVELIHOOD, [lif-lade, coune of life, S.] means of living. 
LiviNO, Itifian, to live, S.] whaterer mpporti life. 
SuBsisTBNCE, {tubiisto, U> be Axed, LTJ competent provisions, 

and other neceMaiica of life. 
Maintknancb, [numuf, hand, tauo, to hold, L,] Eruppl; of food, 

clothina, and other o 

Support, Rapport, F.] Bupply ; relief; Msiatance. 

SueTENAHCE, [nuJenfatio, Lr] food; victuals; provisions. 
A man labors for a taeUAood ; he goiiu & IwiWf bj true, or by the em' 
^oraieiit of hli taleata ; a scanty, precarioiu nbtistmcf ; he atloved him a 
moMfmuire ; tuj^erl from the pariah ; casual lupport ; tastaianee of Ufe ; 

LIVELY, [UfV and Ute,] animated ; spirited. 

SPKiauTLy, [Irom spritt or nn'rtt,] brisk, vigorous ; airy. 

Vivacious, [wpaa, lively, L.] gay ; active. 

Sfortivb, gay, frolicsome, nantini, playful. 

Mbrrv, [nurige, S.] laughing; loudly cheei^; ^; of heart. 

JocCMD, T j'onnuAu, irom jocas, a joke, L.] gay, airy, lively. i 

A Hvtitf child ; a tprightit/ yooth, female ; vmteuna companion ; nertiei 
animal, humor ; merry company, heart ; jocund heelth, man*. Lnitlg wit | 
tprigliilg dance ; Bwurimu coaverSMton ; iportin mnx ; merry song ; jetumi \ 

LI Very, [Imtr, to deliver, F.] a peculiar or appropriate dress ; t 

garb worn ai a token of any thing. ' 

Vnipobh, [tmi/'ormif, of one form, L7] particular drees, as in the J 

iirmy, &c. I 

Lioery for lenants ; wii^orm tat gentlemen. 

LOOK, to direct the eye to or from any object. 
Sbe, [jeon, S.] to perceive with the eyes. 
Bbkold, [behealdan, S.] to observe with atlenfion. 
View, [voir, to see, F.] to examine with the eye ; to inspect. 
Eye, [eag, the eye, S.I to natch narrowly; to keep in view. 
I Isoinf but could not 9« It ; I nno it witbont IrwiKii; fOr it; I btMii 

liration And aatanishment ; I dtatd it la all dlrccUoni ; 
greatest cuimCness; he eyed hn antagoiiiit) "qw 

LOOK, to have any particular aapect. 

Appear, [appareo, L.] to eeem. 

He ImIu in ; at apptan nawell. la tiie former ease we speak man poii* 
tiiel; thBD in tlu Utter. 

LOOKER-ON, one nho has no agency or interest in an affair. 
Spectator, [spectator, one vho sees, L,] one perionally present. 
Bbholdbk, one who regarda with attention, 
OssBRVBR, [bom obterve,^ one who takes notice. ' 
Acareleaa hoker-tm: aip(e/o((jrmaybeeitlier uaioncerned or interested; 

an admiiing btholders acarefnl ebaener,- aa exact abaercer. 

LOOSE, [leotan, to &ee, to unbind, S.] wanton; not chaste. 
Vaouk, Ivagju, wandering, L.] uncertain; undetennined. 
Lak, [lama, slack, L.j not rigidly exact or strict in morals. 
DisaoLUTB, [diasolutiis, loose, L.j luxurious, debauched, de- 
voted to pleasuies. 
Licentious, [ficenttonu, L.I nnrestruned by law or taorahty. 
A (ooje style, liint, notioo, ptinrapfe, claracter ; ■ ofljtw snnniie, assemon, 


LORD'S SUPPER, a sacramental act, in which bread and nine 
are . receiTed as siens of the body and blood of our I^rd 
Jesus Christ, as pfedges of His lore, and as means whoreby 

u' Redeemer ar 
memoiated with a 
Communion, [comnamio, L,] the pubUc participation of the 

Lord's Supper. 

Sacrament, [mcraraentTtm, an oath, L.^ in a geiierai («we, an 

outward visible sign of an inward spiritual grace ; specially, 

a solemn religious ceremony enjoined hy Christ, in which 

his people avow their special relation to Him, and renew 

their obligations to be faithful to theii Divine Master. 

Tlie Lord't Stfppffr iji a v«11 known or^ance instituted by our Savior in 

eommemotatloa of his death and Enfferinga. It is celled the Eseharial, be- 

cansf Jesus Christ, in the institution of this divine taemment, EHve tliaoks 

to God, broke the bread, and blessed the cap ; EvchaHstia in Greek sirnl. 

fiea thiuksgivi^, and answers to the Hebrew word Barach, to bless, or Ho- 

dah,topral9e. T^tBnaSacramnilalgidfiesBnoHth,pHTticalST]y the oath taken 

by soldiers to be true to their country and general. The wend was adopted 

by the writers of the Latin church, and employed to denote those ordinances 

of reli^on by which Christians came under an obU^tion, equally sacred 

with tbit of an oath, to observe their part of the coveuaut of grace, and in 

which- they have the assurance of Christ that he will fulfil Us part of it. 

~ ' " ~ " —i, by the Apostle Paul, m bis <rst 


188 L08* — LUXUBV. 

Epistle to the Corinthluu, chap. i. tct. 16. "The cnp o( blessing which *c 
bleu, is it not the nnuHUuini o( the blood of Christ ? The bread which we 
Inwk, is it not the iwiiuiHiiHaii of the bod; of Christ !" As the social sffec- 
tions Bre-eheriflhedaud itept alive, by faimlies asaembllng aroaad the family 
table fOi the comuou participB.tion of meals, bo is brotherly lore, the essoux 
of ChristUn fdiow^p, cherished Bad warmed in the highest degree by 
Cbristiuis ■**^w*wi"g round the table of their common Lord ; hence this or* 
diiunee is very properly styled the eonvmmaa. 

LOSE, [loMim, to *eparat«, S.] to mulay i to put from. 

MiSB, [munan, S.J to perceive the want of; to discover unex- 
pectedly something to be wanting. 

Be catefnl, or yon may late a thing withoot ntalii; it, and then jon per- 
haps may oenr mid it agata. A man losa his health, mittet a good oppor- 

LOSS, priTation; the contrary to gain. 

Damagk, [domagt, N.] au^liiiig that impairs. 

Dbtriurnt, [detrititm, worn on, L.] diminution. ' 

Persons sastain Ihm c€ property, lepotatiDn ; things suffer damagt or ie- 


LOUD, [htud, S.] ertrUdug the ear with great fbrce. 

Noisy, [noyse, strife, N.] talking, complainii^, or quarreling 

C1.AUOROUB, [clamor,] Tociferoua ; repeating loud words. 
TunBULBNT, [Wio, to distufl}, L.] tumultnous; reatless. 

Stormv, [from sfomi,] tempestuous; boisterous. 
Tebewent, [vekemena, violent, L.l forcible; furious. 
Blustering, [bhtaser, to rage, D.J fltfu! ; windy ; roaring. 
Load thnader j aouy mirth ; etamonmi tongues ; tarbi^mt waves ; ilermg 
weather, season ; cihetmnl passion, gestures ; bhattrins winds, fellow. 

LOVE, [Ju/Can, to love, S.] deep and tender affection. 
Fkibndship, [/rewui, free, willing, S.] highest degree of inti- 

LOVER, one who entertuns an ardent affection for another. 
SuiTOB, \tuivTe, to follow, F.] one who courts « mistress. 
WooBK, [too^iM, to court, S.] one who solicits the love of 

A sincere Ioht ; a ceremonious nnlor ,- a romantic loBoer. 

LUXURY, [btxuria, L.] any thing that delights the senses. 
Sbnsualitv, [ttmua, sense, L?] devotcdness to sensual gratifi- 

VoLUPTVOUBNBBX; [wIufKos, pleasure, L] addictedneas to ex- 
cess of pleasure. 
DiBAucH, [debcmche, F.] excess in eating and drinking. 
Enenating luxury •' brutal ManuUy .- effeminate Mhcpdwiuiuu ; Ion dt- 




, [^gtmaad, mad, S.J wildneu of paiiion. 
Phbbnby, iphren, the mind, Gr,] pitrtial mai^Mi. 
Raqb, [rage, F.] violent passion accompanied with vehement 

wordi, geiturea, or agiUttion. 
Fury, [/ntot, L.] k itorm of anser. 

A confirmed madiuB ; b temporary ^krauy. MadiuH vnd |hWfiuy, ia a 
auml Kue, an the neen of ragt and JWw. He ragt ol the storm ; the 
A^ of the flunes. 

HAGISTERtAL, [nuxgitltr, master, L.] authoribitiTe ; deipc^c, 
Hajbstic, [nMrufof, greatness, X..] princely ; becoming majetty. 
Statkly, [«io, to stand, L,] gnai, lofty, elevated. 
FoKFOUsXpon^muv, F.] ostentatious ; ^lendid. 
AoaiiBT, [aumutiii, L.] impreuing awe ; inspiring re 
DiONiFiKD, [difftnu, worthy, L.] noble ; exalted. 

Mcgiittriai lii, tone ; mqlalie fbim, deportment \ lialtly tree, doBu, 
pllace; fonpoiu appearenee, display; aufiul monareh, bod;, anemUy; 
iiptified aspect, eonnteaaiicc, reply. 

MAGNIFICENCE, [magnificentia, L.] greatness of appearance. 

Splbndor, [ipitndor, brightness, L.] great show of riches and 

Grandkor, {grandii, great, L.] that combination of qualities 
in an object which elevates or expands the mind. 

Pomp, [pompa, L.] parade ; ostentation of splendor. 

ItajMfieeatt of ancient Bsbjloa ; the rnterttdaments were sentd up in a 
style ofthe ^reatot magnifitence: iplntdor of dress, color, light, scenerr; 
grandeur of a weU-propordooed edifice, of a pyramid, of a range itf lofty 
mounlaiiu ; the pomp of a trfiunphal processlcHi ; mlUtary pirmp. 

MAIN, [nKcm, strength, S.] the great deep. 

OCBAN, [oeearuu, L.1 the vast expanse of water which covers 
more than three-fifthi of the lurface of the globe. 

UAEE, [macian, to cootrivc, S.] to form by art i to efffect. 

Do, [obit, S.] to perform ; to achieve ; to act. 

Makt something new ; nuikt peace ; ihi yom- work diligently ; de unto 
others •* you would that others ^uld do unto you- 
MALBVOLENT, [malevoUni, wishing evil, L.] ill-disposed to- 
wards others. 

MALicioufb [pwlat, evil, L.] disposed to injure another. 

Malignant, [mol^nunu, L.J harboring extreme enmity. 

A malaolenl heart rcjoiees tn the misfortunes of others ; malfdtnii dispo- 
sition, report ; malignani de^n, tradncer. 



HALICE, [malitia, L.j a dispontion to injure otbers. 
Rancor, [rantxtur, 0. F,] inveterate malignity; deep-seated 

Sfitk, [spyt, Du,] a sudden fit of ill-will, exciting a desire to 

yex the object of it , 
Grvdos, [^rui^acu, to grumble, W.} sullen malice; secret en- 

PiauE, ipiquer, to prick, F.] slight anger ; temporary ofenc*. 
Having malice in bii heart, heni soon prOTokcdto nmtor. Pettj spUti 
aa old gnidgt ; he owed bim a grtdgt i tnit of penonal piqye. 

UANFUL, baviiw tbe spirit of a man i noble ; dignified. 
Manly, manlike ; becoming a. man ; firm, brave, imdauttfed. 

A. nua^ opposiUan, courage ; a manly vaiee, dispositloa, treedam, grace. 

MANNERS, [motti^e, F.] habits ; behavior witi) reepeet to othen. 
Morals, [moralU, L.] the practice of the duties of life. 

PoliteneBB of muncn, aulted vith piult]' of mot-alt, readers a perMia at 
once the ornament, and tbs gnee of sodetj. 
MARITIME, [mart/imiM, L.l relating to or bordering on the Ma. 

Mabine, [marinas, L,] helonpng to the sea. 

Naval, \nains, a ship, L.] cooslsting of, or pertaining to ships. 

Nautical, \nauta, a seaman, L.] pertaining to seamen or naTi- 

Maritau town, country, lawl ; marine itorea ; naoal officer, mufiSBl, 
fence, tacdeai mw^ol "I"-"—"'', tables, culculatiaaa, skill. 

MARK, [Tn«arc, S.] a visible line drawn. 

Pkint, [imprimo, to press, L,] form made by pressure. 

Imprbbbion, [in^tressio, stamp, L.] indentation ; seutible eSect 

Stamp, [estampe, F.] a mark fixed on any tliina; cliaracter. 

A Huirt »iiO> ink, chalk; print on paper; priai of the feet; " print of the 
naila ;" imprasien of a seal on the nai ; atamp on a newspaper, on colu. 
Tilings make impreitiotu on the miod ; a maa of the asme stamp ,• it caniei 
vith it Che Mtamp of tnth ; the Scriptures bear the tianip of a diiine origin. 

LK, a token by which any thing is known. 
GN, [jyTBum, L.] any thmg which indicai 
approach of something else. 

indicates the existence <ff 

NoTB, [ncta, L.] a visible sign. 

Syhptom, [sttti^toma, a falling. Or.] a perceptible indication; i 

ToKBN, [lacn, SJ something intended to represent another thiif 

Indication, {indico, to point out, L.] whatever serves to dis- 
cover what is not before known or obvious. 

if or*j on abecp \ the tradeamnn has priFate marks on his mods ; lignt of 
shopkeepers, linkeepeiB ; lufiu of the lodiac ; a sign of neskness ; ngiu li 
life, of death ; algebraic ligju .- note of IntcTTOgatioa, eiclamstjon ; aymptotiu 
of decsT. of a fetet ; a gift is a loin of fHendehip ; It is extremely gntl^- 
iag to bebold In young persona the esily indiealioni of wisdom and goodness. 

Track, [tracliu, L.j visible appearance of any thing left, vhta 
the thing itself no longer existt. 

Vbstiqe, [vestigium, L.] remuna ; mark left behind in paaaing. 

FooTBTBP, l/ot, and itap, S.] impreMioi] left by the foot; ris- 
ible sign of a course pursued. 

Tback, [Ifactui, L.] mark left by any thbg being drawn over. 

Marii c^ blood, of haaCe, levity ; Uie utdw Bles thraugb Sit air and Icares 
no trace behind ; traea of undent enstamB ; veilita of tudent barbBriam ; 
Mme of the vttiigrs of Dmidism an yet remalaing ia this kingdom i foUow 
tht/oottifpi of the viae, and ponme tbt track ofuie eiperienced. 

MARK, a note or ngn of diatinction. 

Badgb, Ibajulo, to CArry a burden, L.] a cf^niMnce worn. 

Stidma, {stignta. Or.] a brand; a mark of m&my. 

Mark ot honor ; siark of diagtaee; " the Lord set a mark ojion C^i" 
iott^ of diatinctian, ot authority ; ilijniu of reproach, disgrace, 

contempt are directed. 
Mark to be shot at with a gan ot boir ; a allly, foolish person is a mart 
at which men direct their ridicnle ; a man sometUoei becomea tbe butt of aji 
iU-bred usembly, that is worthy of better tieBtiaent. 

HARK, [nwarcinn, S.] toimprew; to take pajticnlar observation of. 

Note, [noto, L.] toobierre; to set down. 

Notice, to remark ; to treat with attmtion. 

" Bead, nuiri, lean, and inwudly lUgeat." " Mark the perfiMt man." 
Dele it in yonr memory | m>titt well every thin; yon wleh to remember. 

UARRIAGE, [mariage, F.] the act of uniting a man and a woman 

Weddino, Ueeddian, to covenant, S.] the mairia^ ceremony. 

Nuptials, [itvptia, L.] marriage rites and festivities. 

Marriage is a Divine uutitutiDn i the wedding involves a solemn promise, 
and aapposet the existence of a deep and lasting affection between the par. 
ties ; Kuptialt ere frequently celebrated with too much outward pomp and 
gJety tor a rellgtotu rite. • 

MARRLIGE, state of legal union between a man and woman. 
Matrimony, {tnatHmtmium, L.] the contract of man and wife. 
Wedlock, [vied, and loc, a gift, S.] the state of being joined in 

. place, the happy pair are stdd to be in a state 
-' 'n the bonds of icidloek. 

MARTIAL, (Mars, the god of war, L.] suited to war or battle. 
Warlike, [wier, strife, S.] fit for war, disposed to war. 
Military, JjaiUs, a soldier, L.] auiting or becoming a soldier. 


SoLDiSK-LiKE, ^(ottdeyer, N.] like a toldier; brtive ; heroir. 

Mio-lial troops, equipa^, mn^, law ; unrtttc ipirit, nation, appeanutee ; 
mHUary eipcditioD, order. dudfJiDC ; B ttlditr-tikt pcnon ; wIdier-iUa 

MATTER, [maferio, L.] that which U ririble or tanpble. 
Matbrialh, the tubatance of which any thiug a made. 
Subject, [ni/ecttu, placed under, L.] that on which any men- 
tal operaiioQ i« performed. 

Stalttr as diatiact from apirit i matter in the abatract ; maltruUi. wh«n 
various part* of mailer are tarooght tugcttur b; the art of rnaui as mulcruilf 
for building : b matter of corioaity ; a taijeti of inquiry, of discosEion, of 

MAXIU , [maatimim, the gieateat, L.] a geuetslly recelTcd and ad- 
mitted truth. 
Precept, [priccepfum, L.] a rule of action; a commandment. 
RuLB, [regula.L.'] priociple by which the thought*, coitduc^ 

mannen, or opinions are guided. 
Law, {laffa, nde, t^.] a permanent or estabhahed rule. 
Mtaime of wisdom ; pnctptt of religion ; niJii of conduct ; nil« of life ; 
nlu of prudence ; divine laiu ,- lotBt <S onr eonntr; ; lotM of aodetj. 

HEAN, fmoym, F.] mediocrity; middle rate, place, or degree. 
MEDIUM, [medimti, L.] the joat temperature between extremea. 
Strive to keep the golden meat ; preserve a jnst meditim in all things. 

MEETING, [mWon, to come tt^ether, S.] an interview. 
Interview, [Mfrei>H«, ¥.] mutual tight or conference. 

The term mnfin; ia naed on ail common occasions ; as a nucKa; of friends, 
&c. i an Mertievi is geuerallT fixed and IDrmal, and Is (« the trauaaction of 
business, and the letUiog of aHalra of importance. 

MELODY, [nulo3, a Terse, ode, a song or siugiug, Gr.] agreeable 

siou c^ miuical aoi^pda. 

, [Aormonia, L. b Gr.] concord ; correapondent len- 

AccoRDANCE, [from occortl,] coofbrmity to aomething; agree- 

Mehdy of Bong, voice ; oceorAn&i of sonnds ; AomOMr In a cooceit. 
Melody (a the heart ; occdtiIimh of opiuoua ; Aomony of alRcdon. 

MEMBER, [mmiAnim, L.] a lubordinate part of the mtun bod;. 

LiuB, \lim, S.] a jointed or articulated part of animals. 

The body conaiats of various membert i the legs and arms ore denominated 
limbi. A limb is a mtmber, bnt memberi art not alvByt hmbi i aa the ears, 
eyes, &c. ore memlieri, bnt it is not proper to call theia Umbt. 

MEMORY, [mernoria, L.] that herHty at the mind by which it re- 
tains the knowledge of pait eventa or ideas. 
ReHEMBRAHCB, [mnrmirance, O. F.] the recurrence of an idea 
to the memory. 

tlENTAI. — HISTH. 193 

Recollection, [recoUioo, to collect again, L.] a Toluntary 

effort t« reca) ideas that have escaped. 
Reminiscence, [reminisceits, L.] revival or recovery of ideas. 
Remtnbranet, rttotlcclicn, and reminucinct, are sU operations or eicrtions 
of raemonf, 

MENTAL, [mens, tuind, L.] pertaiDing to the raind. 
Iktbllectual, [intellecluel, 'F,'\ comprising the faculty of un- 

derstanding, existing in the mind. 
limlal cxeitiooB, occapatioaB, pains ; tnMInhfot cnjaTmcDta, puranita, 

MERCANTILE, [mercans, trading, L.] carrying on tratBr. 
Commercial, [com, for con, with, mwcor, to buy, L.] relating 

Umimiilc house, life, eipedltioa ; eommtreial education, spccuIatiDn, 

MESSAGE, [muffit, sent, L.] a written or verbal commuoication 
sent from one person, 1^ another, to a third. 
Errand, [arend, S.] any special business to be done by a mes- 

aenger; a mandate; a commission. 
Deliver a mttiage : %o an nronil. It is sn trrand to carry s mtnagt, 

METHODICAL, [meta. beyond, ados, path, Gr.] disposed and 
proceeding in a just and □atural manner. 
Rboular, \Tegulans, L.] conformed to an established rale. 
Mtlhoitical in our alfBin, bnsliiess ; ngttlar in our conduct. 

MINDFUL, bearing in mind; heedful; having memory. 
Regardful, ]rfgard and /uff,] attentive, taking notice of. 
Observant, \ohaervans, L,] adliering to in practice. 

Mxa^ful of instnictionB ; rrgardfal of adncf, duty; obsmiatit of rules, 

MINISTER, [minister, a chief servant, L.]' one intrusted with the 
direction of aflsirs. 

Agent, \agens, acting, L.] a substitute, a deputy. 

A matattr gives ndvice ; an aguit acts according to his orders. A nti'iua. 
ier of state, a commerdal agent. 

MINISTER, [vmistTo, to serve, L.] to attend and serve ; to give 

Adhinibteh, \administTQ, to serve, L.] to dispense; to supply. 
Contribute, ycontHbito, L.] to give to some common stocli ; 

to impart to some common purpose. 
They mmaitrtd to him of their sulutancc; admiMstfr comftart to Che 
moomers; contHAulc to the relief of the poor. 

MIRTH, {myrhthe, S.] noisy paie^, laughter. 
Merriment, [from merry,] noisy sport. 
JoviALNBSS, [from^oy,] the expression of joyous feeling. 


Jollity, [^geola, feast, S.] noiiy festivity. 

Hilarity, [kilarilas, L.] ^ety eicited by iod»l pleamira. 

Mirtli is ilisplti;«d in laughter, singing, Sic. ; jokca aeate mirth i tataa- 
tcbanka, clowns, and jogglen, promote nerrmttU bj tbeir triclu ; jattaU 
nets, jollity, and Marity are displajed Bcoond the feitiie boanl, at paUie 
dlunen, &c. ; hiianly a the mint refined term, uid r«tera more partfamlutf 
to '■ the (east of reaaoa aad the Boir of soul." 

MISCONSTRUE, [mw, wrong, cowfrtw, to put together, L-l to 
give a false meuiing. 
MlsiNTBKPRET, [mit, BnAinterpTetor, to explain, L.] to imdn- 

stand or explain in a wrong sense. 
A story, an aclion, may be miittmttnud i words, pauagei, may be adi, 

MIX, [miaceo, L.] to join ingredients together. 

MiNGLB, (mengaa, S.] to unite with something so a* to nuke 

Blend, [geblendan, S.] to mix so that the separate ingredienti 

can not be distinKuiahed. 
Confound, [eor^ftrndo, to pour together, L,] to throw into 


to mil Improperly, and thus create confosloii. A variety of tacta, eveat*, 
and iacidents are ilcndcd together in a history; many persona' ideas aad 
thoughts are tO!\fBi«iJtd. 

MIXTURE, [mwtura, L.] a compound of different ingredients. 
Medley, [medle, to mix, 0. E.] a mingled and eonfused mass 

of ingredients. 
Miscellany, [misceUanea, mixture, L.] collection of various 

kinds or subjects. 
In this life there is a mialurt of good and nil ; « nudley is an imprt^er, 
heteiogeaecms, mixture; a book at miscttianiet ; a nomber of fugitiTe pieces 
brongfat together forms a mitaOang. 

MODERATION, [moifus, a limit, a due proportion, L.] state ti 
keeping a due mean between extremes. 
MeDiocBiTy, [mediocris, middling, L.] a middle state or degree. 
Maiffralion b mind, temper ; mtdioeTity of talent, condition, in extenai 

MODEST, [modestus, L.] restrained by a sense of propriety. 
Bashful, [bosh, to be cast down, U.] having a downcast look; 

modest to excess. 
DiPFiDBNT, idi^em, L.l doubtful of one's self; timid. 
Rebebved, [reservo, to Keep back, L.] not free in .vrorda or 

A modat demeanor is very becoming, but an over bathfid temper Is ant 


MODESTY, [modestia, L.] decency inaing from natursl timidity 
or purity of heart and correctuew of principle. 
MoDBBATiON, ^rooderatio, L.] state of keeping a due restraint 

over the deurea, paBsions, or temper. 
Teupbrance, [ten^erantia, L.} Bedateneis, habitual moderation. 
SoSRTSTY, [sobrUlat, L.] habitual calmiKW, or coolneu. 
Modat^ia diem, behavior, Atfonmtat ; modrratiM in pleamit, lodnl- 
gence ; trmperance m vordi, ipeech, actions ; tcbriety of mind, in mannen, 

MOISTURE, {moilfvr, F. 1 a moderate depee of wetness. 

Humidity, [iunifo, to be moiit, I..] visible or perceptible mois- 

I the power of wetting other bodies. 

Dampngbs, [ijanip, steam, vapor, D.] a state between wet and 

MoitUire of tie earth after a shower ; hamidilg of the atmosphere ; damp. 
urn of a wall, a cellar ; damjHien of lloen. 

HONEY, [mynef, S.] stamped metal, or any other material used 
for the purpose of commerce. 

Cash, [caisse, coffer, F.] ready money, money at command. 

Bank notes, draughts, bills, as wfII as metaUic coins, are deDonuDated 
motuy/ ana only. Is properl; cash. 

MONUMENT, [moneo, to admonish, L.] any thing erected to pre- 
serve or perpetual* the memory of a person or event. 

Memorial, [mftnoTtatis, L.] that which preserves the memory 
of something. 

Rbmembbancbr, one that reminds or revive* remembrance. 

Tomhstonea, maoioleDms, pyramids, and triumphal arches are mmumrnti ; 
the Lord's Supper is a atmorial of our Satior's death; we receive and pre- 
serve a present as a mmnrial of an absent friend ; or we preserve somethJug 
that belonged to a triead, now dead, aa a nflni>ridl of bim -, we recal some- 
thing to our minds, as a rflnenAraacer of our duties and obligations. 

MOTION, [motio, L.] the act or process of changing place. 

HovBMBNT, [moucemeB/, F.] manner of moving. 

The army is la motion y the anny made a grand i: ~' - —"*''— ■** •**- 

earth .- the mmemail of a clock, watch, machine ) t 

MOURNFUL, [monm and fnli,'] eshibiting the appearance of so 
tow ; intended to express grief. 
Sad, sorrowful ; full of pief, 
Moanful bell, music, death, epitaph, event ; tad sight, story, loss. 

MOVING, adapted to excite the passions. 

Appectino, {affecto, to act upon, L.] touching the feelings. 



MULTITUDE, [muttiiudo, L.] a number collectirely. 

Crowd, [crad, S.] a multitude confusedly pressed together. 

Thbono, [tkrang, S.l a multitude pressing against each other. 

Swarm, (swearm, S.] a lai^ number of persons or small ani' 
mala in motion. 

A. great mnUitmie i a tumultUQua mmi i the busy, aCtiTe Oinmg ; a twarm 

MUSE, [vmiiitQ, to speak low, to keep silence, L.] to think closely ; 
to study in silence. 
Think, \thincaa, S.] to meihlate; to have the mind occupied 

with some subject. 
Reflbct, \refiecto,1o bead back, L.] tothrowback the thoughts 

upon past events, or one's own personal experience. 
Ponder, [pondero, to weigh, L.] to weigh mentally. 
Study, [shideo, L.] to think with very close application. 
Ume on erCDts that are passed ; to mtue, ia an act of the imaginatJoa ; to 
ihinkf ta to consider of any thing ; we shoald rrfiect on the pa^t, that we 
may profit by the eiperience we have had in life. — "Mary kept all theae. 
things, and pondered them in her heart." (Luke ii. 19.) — I studied to find 

MUTILATE, [ms/tfo, to cut off, L.] to deprive of s< 
parti to render imperfect. 

Maim, [mahaiffner, O. F.I to cripple; to disable. 

Masble, [mangelsR, Du.J to lacerate ; to cut or tear piece-meal. 

A man is matiialed bj the loasof a limb. "The multitude wandered wha 
they aaw the maimed to be whole." (Matt. iv. 31.)~The manpUd bodiea tf 
the slain. —The works of liteiary characters have been mulilattd, by which 
the aenae has been mangted. 

MUTUAL, [muto, to change, L.] interchanged ; each acting in re- 
turn, or correspondence to the other. 
Reciprocal, [reciprocas, L.] done by each to the other. 
Mutual affection, advantage, service ; reciprocal tie, obligation, dutiea. 

MYSTERIOUS, [musterion, a secret, Gr,] inaccessible to the hu- ■ 
man understanding i awfully obscure ; not clearly explained. 
MvaTtc, [muslikos, obscure, Gr.] involving some secret mean- 
ing ; emblematical ; allegorical. 
Mgilerioia veil, terms ', mgaiit daoce ; the rnj/alk rolls of bite. — S/j/iit- 
rima are the ways of Provideuce. — FaDciful mea have introduced mjofte 
schemes of religion. 

NAME, [nonw, S.l that by which a thing is called. 
Appellation, [a;?pelfo, to drive to, £.] a specific or distinctive 

TiTLs, [tUulas, L.] an appelUtion of dignity or pre- 


DiNaMiHATtoN, [deHommaiio, L.] e nune given to a clan or 
collection of individuals. 

EverythiaK has a hook,' a chmctcrtatic apptUofuiii.- Charleill.of France 
had the apptitaiion of the Bald ; Aleuader had the fiffe of Great ; the M- 
lowers at Cdvin are known by the denoinuuMM of CalTiniati. 

NAME, that nhicb i« commonly said of b peraon. 

Reputation, [rgnttatio, L.] public estimate of character. 
Rbputb, fre, and pu/o, to think, L.] common opinion. 
Credit, Wnditwra, L.] honor, eatiinatioa. 

It Is not 10 diiGcult to get a name a> it ii to eitabUih a nfmlalimn repult 
nuy be either good or ill ; a person nuy have a good or bad ruau i he Uyed 
in good cniU. 

NAME, [nanum, S.] to give an appellation to. 
Denominate, \denomiao, to nEune, L.] to confer a name upon. 
Style, ItteUeu, to set or place.T.^ to call ; to term ; to give ■ 

title to in addreuing ; to dignify hf a title. 
Entitle, \intitiiitT, F.J to give a discnminatiTe appellation ; to 

prefix a title. 
Chabacterizb, [from eharakterito. Or.] to ezpien the cha- 

NARRATION, {narratio, a telling, L.J the relation itf a » 

Account, faecompf, O. F.] statement ; eiplanation. 
Recital, [recifo, to repeat, L.] reheanal. 

A pleasing Mrralian ,- a good actoial ; a drcomstantlal reeilal. 

NASTY, [sfl»», wet, G.] di^iwtingly dirty or 

Filthy, [fyUh, dirt, S.] unclean; de^ed. 

Fool, [fill, S.] miry; polluted; corrupted. 

FUlhg a a degree beyonfl naj(y ; aod /mil exceeds the other two. — flasln 
language, ideas ; ftllhg rags, GOmznnnieatioD, couienation ; foul weather, 

NATAL, [nataUs, L.] reUtine to birth. 

Nativb, [nativus, L.] produced b^ nature; pertaining to birth. 

Indigenouh, [indigrna, one bom m a country, L.] produced na- 
turally in a country or climate. 

Nafalhonr; iui(t» land, ■hore, town, air, Bkiea,&<.j iliijrflUDtexpnaseB 
the wnie with respect to plants, as latici does in r^aid to men or onimBjs. 

NATION, [natio, L.l a people inhabiting the same country, or 
united under the same government. 
Country, [conlerra, land adjacent to a city, L.] a tract of land ; 
» region. 


KiNODOM, [cgng, chief, dom, jurisdiction, S.] the teirttory sub- 
ject to ft monarch. 

lliere are maoy owiJno which sie not jtin^/foAif, and aomv kingdoms vbicb 
include Dot the whole itatiim to wl^ch the; appueDtljr belong. 

NECESSARY, [neeewariM, L.] needful ; indispensable. 

Expedient, [expedient, haatemug, L.] that which serves to 

Ebbbntial, [etsenliaiit, L,] uecetsary to the coDStitutioD or es- 

iitence at any thing. 
RaauisiTB, [reqvititKS, L.] required by the nature of things, or 

" All greatnees li In ttrtne undentood ; 
'Ti9 only necessary to be good.'^ 
AH things are Dot txpt^tnt i piety and good wocka are eamtiiU to the 
Christiui chnracter ; it a requinte for every man to do bis dnty. 

NATIVE, [noscor, to be bora, L.] bom with the being. 

Natiiral, [nataralis, L.] produced or effected by nature. 
JVoltre umplJciC]', worth, igaoraace ; nafiiriil dispoemon, tnm of mind. 

NATURALLY, spontaneoualy; according to nature. 

CoiTRBE, [curro, to run, L.] in r^ular order or luccession. 

CoNBEQUBNTLV, [cottsequens, L.J following as an effect. 

Course, in the common manner ; without Bpedal direction. 

Wiatever happens naturaliy taJtea place in due eowie ,■ poverty fidlows 
emseqarnllg upon eitravaganee, and may be looked for as a thing of conne. 

NEAR, [nearn, nigher, S.] not distant in place, time, or degree of 

Nigh, [neah, S.] at no great distance from ; not remote. 

Close, [cIoiMiif, shut, L.] joined one to another ; in contact. 

Near, within sight ; " aigh at hand ;" tlast hy tooch. A Dear relation ; 
nigh the brink ; ut chit. 

NECESSITIES, whatever is requinte for any purpose. 
Necessaries, things not ooly conTcnient, but mdispenaable. 

Nteeaiiiiea of nature j luceaaHa of life. 

NECESSITY, [neee*tittu, L.] a state that requires supply or relief. 
Need, [nead, S.] exigency ; pressing difficulty. 

A case of iKiwinCy ; timeotimd. " A friend in «<a, il a fUend indeed." 

NEGLECT, [negligo, L.] not to notice. 
OAlT, [omitto, to leave out, L.] not to mention, or insert. 
We tttglett an opportnidty ; a word, a eentence, a date, is omUled. 

NEGLIGENT, [wgligem, L.] habitnaUy inattentive ; apt to omit 
what ought to be done. 
Remiss, Iremiisas, sent back,' L,] not performing du^. 
Careless, [car, and Uas, S.] having no carei feeling no soli- 



TaououTLBaa, without coiuidentioii. 

Hbidlbss, [hedan, to miiwl, S.] legardleu of the mean* of 

Bafetj I unobierriiig. 
Inattbntivb, not fixing the mind on an object. 

Neghgtnt in bnilneu ; rtmitt in dn^ ; atntat at the fdtnre ', thuiglltltu 
conduct ; ■ AcoUcw pcnon eipoies huowlf to many tioables and (KqneDt 
danger ; an imllaittBt penon will not make any impniTeinent. 

NEGOTIATE, [itegotium, bnuneH, L.] to bold intercoune in bar- 

Thbat vor or about, [trailer, F.] to ^ve nnd Teceire propo- 

Tbanbact, [tratu, thtongh, ago, to let, L.] to manage ; to con- 
duct aiUra. 

Nefohaleat feax ; irtat/or or about a fazt±iiei frowocf boslneu. 
NEIGHBORHOOD, [nei^, nigfa, bur, countryman, S.] the ad- 

NEW, [nam), S.] tbat hw eiiated h abort time only. ' 
Frbbh, [jrtac, S.I newly come or obtained. 
Recbnt, [rarou, L.] latej modem. 

NEWS, &eah information; recent account of any thing. 

Tidings, [tujon, to happen, S.j an account of something that 
baa tt^en place, and not known before. 

Uneapeeted Mnu .- eipEcted Itdia^i. Nna from home i " ftduufi of great 

'NIGHTLY, \n%ht, darkue**, S.] done every night ; happening at 

NocTUBNAL, [ww, night, L,} pertaining to, or appearing in the 

WigWa) watch, iporta, dew> ; WKftinuI dreama, lamps, beaau, dsikneas. 
NOBLE, [noNJM, L.] exalted, elevated, aublime. 
Gkamd, {^graadu, L.] great, aplendid, magnificent. 
tln^U la tnrtli ; grand in appearance ; a tu>blt end ; a gratid design. 

NOISE, [noyie, N.] loud aound or talking. 

Cby, [crt, F.] the eipreaiion of aorrow or alarm. 

OuTCBT, \oat and crv,] vehement cry ; exclamation. 

CkAMOK, [clamor, L.J vociferation ; nproar. 

Agicat noiM; a[derdng crt): ahideonaoii/cry; toafrning ttomar. 
NOMINATE, [nomino, L.] to propose by name. 

Naub, [aaman, S.] to mention by najne. 

A penoa li wmmattd to an offlce, or qipinntment ; persanii and thiigs 
■re tuontd wliea they an ■pokcn of. 

NOVEL, [norelhii, new, L.] of recent origiu or introduction. 
New, [nnxo, S.] that has existed but s short time. 
A Rocel sight is seldom witDessed ; a neu sight is the ficat 0/ ttut kind. 

NOURISH, [nH(rin, L.] to feed and cause to grow. 

NtlBTUBE, to eJuc&te; to train; to bring up. 

OuBRlsu, [cA^r, F.] to shelter ; to buld as dear. 

\ motlwr nouriihe! her inftnt with her hreaat, ehtriiAis it In her boBom 
and nurtures it with care while it b dependent apon her. 

NUMB, [nimie?!, seized, S.] destitute of the powers of sensatioi 
and motion; chilletL ' 

Torpid, [lorpidas, L.] motionless, slu^ish, not active. 

Numb with coiS ; some animala lie in a lorpid state during the wlnte 
season ; he has become torpid Uiiougb iadoleace and want of eiertioii. 

NUMERAL, [ntmeralis, L.] expreesbg, consisting of, number. 
NuHERiCAL, denoting number; belonging to number. 
JVunKTiilprogressioas, letters; aumencal body, difference. 


OBEDIENT, [obedient, L.J ready to jield to authority. 

Submissive, \submissus,h.J testifying dependence or inferiority. 

OBSEaviovB,[obseqtMim, complaisance, L.] compliant to exceaa. 

06(riim( to the word of command; lufimissiiw to proper aothoritj; obM- 
qaious to gain favor ; an obsequumi flatterer, parasite, or minion. 

OBJECT, [oWectura, L.l that to which the mind is directed. 

Subject, [sul^ectum,L.'] any thing to be treated of or considered. 

A sensible object ; an intellectual lubject ; nodce an <A)ect ; reflect on & 
aubjecii ofifecf of delight ; nlijccf ofrefleetioa. 

OBJECT, [ob}i(M), to throw against, L.] to offer reasons a^inst. 

Oppose, [ojjpono, L.] to nave the part- of raising difficultiea 
against a tenet supposed to be right. 

We object to things that do not suit our taste or feeling ; we oj^xae thinn 
of greater cODsequence ; we ahootd not oppose from mere caprice and iU- 

OBJECTION, [objeclio.L.'] th»t which is pieseuted in opposition; 

Difficulty, [dis, not, facilis, easy, L.] obstacle to belief oc 


OBLONG, [obUmptu, L.] longer tbui broad. 

Oval, [ovum, an ^g, L.] regembliog tiie longitudinal lection 
of an egg. 

" Hie beat Sgnn <rf a garden I eateem aa ibbmg upon ■ descent." Ad 
orot table. 

OBSERVE, [oftwrro, ta keep in view, L.] to behold with attention. 
NoTiCB, laoto, to mark, L.] to ngsrdi to heed. 
Rbhark, [remarguer, F.] to note iu the mind. 
To tiifrce what it doing ; to aoliet wto ia present ; to remark what is said. 

OBSERVE, to regard attentiTdy. 

Watch, f uinciaM, or hkecoii, S.] to becautioutly observant. 
Ot«ci-K vitE cate ; mitrk vith drcoiaspection. 

OCCASION, [ocnuie, etfaUiug, L.l season; ciicumitancea. 
OppoBTUNtTY, [t^iporiuHiias, L7] fit or convenient time. 
Act as tlie occoiim may require ; embrace an opporlaaU;/ to do good, 

OCCASION, incidental need ; casual exigeney. 

Nbcbbhity, [necessitas, L.] what cannot be otherwise. 

We have (reqiwnt ocemioiu of each othei'a asalatauce ; we mnit regulate 
OBT coadsct according to the particular ocaaim i ne mnat submit or yield 

OCCASIONAL, produced by & spedal event ; ocenning at irregular 

OCCUPANCT, [occujio, to seize, L.] the baving posteatiou. 
Occupation, [ptctipatio, L.] the act of tailing posseaaion. 
Oetupmcy of land, estate ; accapatieii of a conntij by force. 

OPD, [oAl, a point, D.l not alike; singidar; not suiting. 

Unevbn, [efen, laid down, S.] not even ; not level ; uot equal. 
An odd glove ; two odd gloves ; odd nniobeia j unerBi plank ■, unne* 

OFFENCE, [offmaa, astriking agtuntt, L.] cause of angeri act of 
sin, or neglect of duty. 

Tbbbpass, [tre«p(MS«r, to pass beyond, N.] voluntary violation 
of the Divine law. 

Tramsorbsbion, Uransgredior, to pass beyond, L.] tbe viola- 
tion of a prescnbed rule of duty^ 


APPaONT, f , ,„ 
*^ Chriat waa deUvered for 

i), wrong, Atd, act, S.j an evil action. 

i, to, frons, iace, L.J insult offered to the ft 

"" Sin to the If^nigretHon of the law.^'— " Evila which our own mirdtedi 
have wronglit." (JUilfun.) — A. mitdied a a kind of priiate offcnct ,- an q/'- 
/roiif is ■ breach of good maimera. 

OFFENDER, [ob, against, /«>ub, to strike, L.] one who has com- 
mitted a crime or offence. 
Dblinovent, [definoueni, failing, L.] one 'who has coraniitted 
a fault, or omitied a duty. 

Ojfcndn- against the laws of God orioau ; we are all D^cndtrt before God; 
a public diUnqaat ; the dtlin^uait was brought to the trar. 

OFFENSIVE, [offenstts, L.] causing anger; disguacii^; giving 
pain or unpleasant sensations. 
Noxious, [ttozMUj hurtful, L.] harmftil, baneftil, unwholesome. 

O/nuiH smell ; offeuwe to the taste, sight ; <(ffmtiM maaners ; noxioii* 
peTBOn, principles ; naxieiu creatures ; " nimoia shade." 

OFFER, [offero, L.] to present for acceptance or rejection. 

Bid, [biddan, S.] to offer, jHt>pose, or declare publicly. 

Tendbb, [tendo, to stretch, L,] to present; to exhibit. 

Propose, [prqpono, to put forward, L.] to present consideration. 

Offer the money ; offer an apinlon ; bid him welcome ; bid a price ; tinder 
a payment ; tender your seryice ; prepoit a plan, scheme ; propaii terms ; 

OFFERING, any thing presented in Divine service. 

Oblation, [oblalio, something brought, L.] a religioua sacrifice. 

" Offer to the Lord an afftrinj in ngbteousuess." (MalTui. 3.)— "Br^ 
no more Tsin oblations^ (Isa. L 13.) 

OFFICE, [o^unt, L.] a public duty or business. 

Place, [ place, F.Vpublic station or employment. 

Chabob, [einr^e.F,] commission; trust confenred. 

Function, [funclio, performance, L.] duty belonging ■ par- 
,. ' ticular station or character. 

A person holds an i^ffiet ,- fills a place : Dadertaliea a chtirge ; the miniate. 

OFFSPRING, [q^, and spHnjan, to leap, S.] any thing generated, 
or produced. 
Proobnv, [projffRies, L.J descendantt ; race. 
IssuB, [wsue, F.] prt^eny, children. 
Children art the offtfting at their pannta ; a nnmeroDS progeny ,- he ItA 

OMEN, [omn, L.l a ugn, good ot had. 

pBOCNOBTii:, [pro^noscD, to know before, Gr.] a symptom or 

indication of something future. 
pRESAGB, [prasa^wn, a foretelling, L.] a present fact supposed 

to foreshow a future event. 
Omnu of the heathens ; asm and praage respect good or bad erenta j 
progjaitic Eeaerall; refers to evil ; prajmalia of diseases, stDrmi ; pretagc 
of rictory. 



ONE, [cm, S.'] leu than two; denoted bj a unit. 

SiNOLB, [stn^lia, L.] s^nrate; indiTidual; cffnwting of one. 
Only, [omKc, ondike, S.Jthia aiid uo otber. 

One person ; an Miy um ; imgli life i s wifle irord, ides. 

ONWARD, [mtAoeanf, S.l toward the point before. 
Forward, \fonBeard, a.] in advance. 
pROGRESBiVB, l^proffredior, to (tep forward, L.] advancing. 
Moving immtrd,- going .A>>iHintwitii)>nif>y«in lUin. 

OPAQUE, [opoeiu, L.] inpervioui to the tvv» of light. 

Dark, (deore, S.] destitute of light ; thick; cloudy. 

"^ - earth is ao opogiK bod; i all bodie> an epaqat that are noi mm 
dark ii wtthirat inherent light ; a dark atmosplure prerents i^t 

OPENING, lopen, uncloted, SO a place admitting 
Apbktukb, [optrlBi, open, L.I a g^, cleft, or chaun. 
Cavity, [caeitas, hoUowneat, L.] a noUow place. 
...Mil 1 1 ._p of the earth." OptiiiHsi in a woodj y>trltn 

OPINIONATED, or OPINIONATIVE, [opifwr, to think, L.] stiff 
in a preconceived notion. 
Conceited, [ctmcipio, to conceive, L.J enterbuning a flattering 
opinion ca one's self. 

An opiiHOtialtd or iipMiMiUiBt man wHl out bend to reaion or argument ; a 
tonttUed man cheiiahei hi> om eonctit ; and it ta nupleaaant to have auy 

OPINION, [opinio, L.] settled judKement or penua»ion. 

Sentiment, [seaJio, to feel, L.JthouRht prompted by feeling. 

Thought, [tSeaht, S.] image formed in the mind; Opimon; 

Notion, [nolio, L.J mental appreheniion. 

A bvorable onnim ,- a jut, Sue infininf .- a chimerical tkougU .- an evil 
thouglU ! wicked tlmtglU i a good tlmtght i a vahi, eittaTagant iidNdb. 

OPPOSE, ^oppmo, L.] to act agmnat; to set in opposition. 
Rbsiht, [rerifto, to stand against, L.] to strive againnt. 
Withstand, \imtk and stmid,'] to stand agwnct; to hinder. 
Thwart, [twrto, to turn, L.] to frustrate. 

OpfXHe force to force ; raiit tn enemj ; wUiatiaid temptatioa ; nialies, 
ineUnatlDna, pn^HHO, are Ikicarttd. 

OPTION, [opfto, choice, L.] power of electing or wishing. 
Choice, [choix, F.] the act of selecting or choosing. 
It la left to yoor option i make cAoin. 

ORDER, [orrfg, L.] regulu' diapogitdon or arrangement. 

Method, [mefa, beyond, odos, way, i. e. afith from one object 


to another, Or.} the perfbrmii^ openitioiia in luch u order 

as is most convenient to attun Bome end. 
Rule, [reffula, L.] eattblisbed mode or course of proceedii^. 
Rboul&bitt, conformity to certain principles. 
Id trdtt : eatsblishcd order/ maiat^n ordtr; adopt a mtthodi follow a 
nil> ; regularity of Ufe ; he was a lorrr of reguiarilif sad order. 

ORDERLY, obiervont of order. 

Reoular, [regiilaria, L.] conformed to a rule. 

Methodical, disposed in a Just and natural manner. 

Ordrrlg proceeding ; regutar conrse ; nuf Aodical dellnutian, descriptiDn. 

ORIFICE, IpriJKijim, L.] the mouth of a pipe or carity. 

Pebfdbation, l^perforo, to bore, L.] a hole pierced throu^. 
Orifice of a wound, tube, flower ;: perf oration by a ball, or sn instrument. 

ORIGIN, \oTigo, L.] first cause ; that which eives existence. 
Oriqinai., flrat existence ; tot copy or archetype. 
BiioiNNiNO, [i^nwin.toproduce, S.] the first state or entrance 

Risk, \arisan, to swell, 8.] spring, increase. 

Source, \timrce, F.] fountain; tnat bam which any thing pro- 

Origin of the eafth, of evQ, of a kingdom, family, diapnte; an on/nal 
paintiDg, picture ; the begimtiiig of the world ; rue of ao empire ; a river 
tukes its rife from a certain spring; t}ie nmree of the Nile ; cmirff of misf^ucf. 

OVERBAI^ANCE, [oner, and balanet,} to descend in the balance. 

OuTWBiOH, [oiif, and weit/h,'} to exceed in value or influence. 

Prbpondbba'I'e, {prapondero, L.] to incline to one side. 

tJverbalttnce b; saperior wdght or value ; our exports ovrrbalamt our 
imports ; the good in life overbalaneet the evil. " Your buth to him on/- 
tceiglii jmc love tu me." Kiuon and religion should always prqwmbmfe 
over passion and self-interest. 

OVERBEAR, to repress with insolence or eSrontety. 

Bear down, [baraa, S.l to crush by force. 

Overpower, [ova; andpoioer,] to be predominant over ; to 
oppress by superiority. 

OvBRWUKLU, [ober, ma ahayl/an, to cover with water, S.] to 
immerse and bear down. 

Subdue, [subdo, L.j to reduce under dominion. 

" What more savage than maa, if he see himself able by fraud to over- 
reach, or by power to tfHrbeor the laws.^' ^mrt'oun opposition; nverpotoavt 
by force, numbers, ia argqjneut ; octriclielaed with paia, trouble, grief ; 
labdiit anger, aad all onmly pusioas. 

OVERFLOW, to fill beyond the brim ; to spread. 

Dbluge, [diiva, to wash down, L.] to inundate ; to lay totally 

The river onerflawed its bonks, and deluged the plains below ; dchfed witk 
btDwt ; the heart oseijloiet with joy or grief ; delt^ed with cornqition. 



OVERSPREAD, [mwr, and jpreorf,] to cotbt over. 
OvBBBWN, to baiaaa by inciirsians ; to grow over. 
Ravage, [ravager, to spoil, F.] to lay waste ; to pillage. 

« Darknesa overspread tbe laud ; the invadcn ocerratt Hie country, wbicb 
ther nini^cij as they pasud along. Thi delnge oeenpt/ad the earUi ; the 
gazdea ia oBtmn mth weeds ; ttie fields ivere ropagrd hj locusts. 

OVERTURN, [over, and ft,™,] to ovenet. 
Overthrow, to destroy; to bring to nothing. 
Subvert, [subverta, to turu under, L.] to nun. 
Invert, [tRorrfo, to turn in, L.] to turn upside doTrn; to place 

in contrary metbod, order, or direction. 
Rbvbrme, [reverto, to turn back, L.] to overthron by a contrary 

The coaeh nas BBerhmud ; gorernmenls are mwrtirown ; estsblishmenti 
JK tahtertti ; the natuial order is sometiiaes innrted ; decnes are rtMned. 

OVERWHELM, to immerse and bear down. 

Crush, [^eraser, F.] to destroy ; to preai with violence. 

It is very essf to understand that a persoD or thing may be tmerwhetrntd 
without beliig enahtd, cmthci without bdag octncktlmtd, at mtrahclmed 
and cnuhul at the same tTme, and by tb« same aeeideDt or operation. 

OUTUVE, [uf, and lifian, S.l to live beyond. 

SuBVlVB, {sarvivre, F.] to live after the death of another. 
He oullitiid lua chililrea ; though he is dead, his fame smritet him, 

OUTWARD, [ttlweard, S.l visible; opposed to inward. 

Extbrnal, [extamus, L.j not being within ; opposed to internal. 
Exterior, [extfrnvs, foreign, L.] on the outer surface. 
Outward show, state; ccferauT objects, evils; exterior shell of a nut, 

PACE, \_pateo, to tread, Gr.] change of the foot in walking. 

Stsp, [sfrcp, S.] advance made by one removal of the foot. 

A paei is the result of successiTe and progressive itepi : a paci is either 
ipiick or slow ; ileps are long or abort. " Grace was in all her tfepi." 

PAIN, [p<«iia, L.] tetiiation of uneninesa. 

Pang, [hoiapam^ tudden paroxysm of torment. 

AaowY, {aaonia. Or.) any violent pain of body or mind. 

Angdish, [ant/aslia, L.] excessive pain either of mind or body. 

A paig is a sharp and sadden pain ; an aganu is a violent and continued 
pain ,. nn^tiA is a severe and overwhelmin^poMi. Bodily and mental DOtn i 
pangs of CDnscience ; agony from a wound' ; agoni/ of mind ; agonies of death ; 
anffvish of heart. 

PAINT, Ipeindre, F.] to represent by delineation and colors or 



Depict, [dqdngo, L.] to Tepresent an action to the mmd. 
To jHoif B ptchtTC, B actus ; the poet painti natun in UtcIt colon ; sornnr 
WBS dtpitted DD his conntiiuuice ; the miKries of the war were deputed in 

strong colon. 

PAINTING, a likenen o: 
PiCTUBB, [j>ic(uro, L._ 
A good poHfin; ,- an old paiiitiiig i a fine pietwe i a beantifid picture. 

Taste, \taster, to touch, N.^ tbe tense by which any thing on 
the paUte is perceived; intellectual reUah or digcemment. 

A dainty palate in easing and drinking ; fruit i> iweet to tbe tiute i a van 
id taate ; a (oife for poetry, Uteratnre, Oa arts, tee. 

PALE, [ piOe, F.l not ruddy ; not fresh of color. 
Pallid, Ipallidvs, L.] not ht^ly colored ; not bright. 
Wan, [woRn, deficient, S.l havmg a ncUy hue ; languid of look. 

Pole complexion, nnge;pafJtd cheek, connteDaiice; vub lips; pofe and won. 

PALPITATE, [palpito, L.] to beat as the heart. 
Flutter, \Jioteraa, S.] to be moved with quick vibrations. 
Pant, [potriefer, F.] to beat ax the heart with violence and 

M the heart to patpitale, j 
r, and gatp tm breath afte 

hard latKff. 

PART, Iparx, L.] something less than the whole. 
Division, [divitio, L.] that which is lepamted from the rest by 

PoRTiON, [Iporiio, L.] a pert assigned ; an allotinent. 
Sharb, [scear, S.] a part belonging to one individual. 
AimBllparr,' diciiiimi of the globe, countries, of property,ofadi9eoTiTSC; 
lietoolc tbeporJion that felt to imthare,- eqnal jurfjaiu / (iwid«iinto ihont. 

PART, a fragment ; a portion of any quantity. 

PiECB, [piice, F.] a distinct part or quantity. 

Patch, Tpezzo, It.] a small particle ; a detached piece. 

Pari of a losf ; a letter i> a paii of a wind ; pittes of ice ; piece of tlM 
rock ; pitce of poetrv ; " broken pieea of the ship ;" a pitee of laad ; a 
smaU patch of ^oond. 

PARTAKE, to take a part of ; to have some of the property, ni- 

turc, claim, or right. 
Participate, tparftcipo, to take part, L.] to have a share in 

common with others. 
Shark, [scearam, 8,] to divide amoiw many. 

Partaie ofe, meal, entertainment ; partie^ale In the grlelk, iojs, pains, 
and pleasum of othen ; we all porMci^ofe in the merciea and fInOTS (J Di- 
vine ProTldeoce; tbey Mornl the ipiril, burden ; lAoredwithUmiuUi f^. 




PARTICULAR, [partieukirit, L.] hsTing sometbiiig that dis- 
tinguiaheg one &om others. 
Singular, [tittgniarit, L.] (butdiue alone ; unexampled. 
Odd, [odd, a point, D.] unaccountable, fantattical. 
EcCRNTBic, [eccmtricut, from the centre, L.] deyiating from 

Btated methoda ; deputing from the uiual coune. 
Strange, [strange, F.Tcauiiiig lurprite ; exciting tmriouty. 
A peiBon is partieatar in his drcu vbeo lie attCDds to oeatneu, cieuUi- 
oeu, and fitness ; he i» Hngular la hii dteu when he wews clothes of a dlf- 

. __.._ __.__ __ '- ■lion, froin the gener^ty of hlj odcUioi "" 

' ■' * d rinjW&rlD 

iailar In our duriee at comnaaioiia, and tiaftiSir in vlrtiie, 
We onriit not to be patHadar, aikd make ooraeliee tingular 
a, DMdea, and fOnni ; for, if we do, ve become odd, tcten- 

oaght to be parlieiilar h 

if vice prenil. We ouri 

aiMut mere tiiflea, DM&a, and fOnDi'; for, if we do, ve become odd, a 

trie, and ilrangi. An vdd conceit i a itrange foce, aaiat, place. 

PARTICULAR, noting bj way of diuinction. 

Individual, [mdivtdaat, not divided, L.] separate from others 
of the same ipeciei; nngle; pertaimng to one. 

"Tliiais true of acttont coastdered in thdi general nHtore or kind, but 
not coiwidered in their particuliir tiutisiriual inatancea." The oiqect of any 
particular idea ii called an itdwiduai object ; bo Peter is an uidtniluil man, 
Loudon an individiial dty. 

PATIENCE, [pofinifta, capacity of aufibring, abo, continuance, L.] 
r of sofferii^ or bearing misfort ' ' 

4CE, [Ainu, hard, L.] bearing ; 

"Thdr fortitude was most 
a, and of death." 

PATIENT, [patieiu, suflering, L.] calm under pain or afilictian. 

SuBMiBBivK, [ttilmtUsat, L.J testifying dependence or inferiority. 

Pabsivb, [poininM, L.] unresisting; not opposing. 

We should be patient under erila which cannot be remediea ; SHbmiisioe to 
l&irfnl auClioiitj, but to be too paaae shows a want of manliness. 

PEACE, [pais, S.l freedom from commotion; barmon;. 

Quiet, [^uiu, L.l freedom from diiturbance oi alarm. 

Calh, [caltne, F.t freedom from storm or wt>tion. 

TitAKQuiLi.tTV, UraHquillita*, L.] peace of mind or condition. 

Peate amoog the nawnu ; fatcf of a feimly, acigliborhood ; calm befote a 
■tonn ; tranqmUUg of temper, mind, of a retired lue, of public affairs. 

PEACEABLE, quiet; mild; gentle. 
Pacific, [paafiau, peace-making, L.] adt^d to make or re- 

atore peace; counliatoiy. 
Pracevul, removed from tumult; undisturbed, still, secure 
A. peaceable dispotition ; paeifie meaanrea ; peaceful sound, cottage, valk. 

PEEL, [peler, F.] to strip otF the akin ; to day. 


Parb, [purer, to drws. P.] to cnt off the lur&ce ; to cut xtivf 

by Tittle aod little. 
Pttl an nrangi, an onion ; pan an apple, a eucnmber. 

PELLUCID, Ipelbicidia, \try bright, L.] peri'ectlj clear. 
Tbanspabbnt, [iraiupareo, to appear through, L.] pervious to 

Water and air aie ptUutid i pcllaeid gem ; glass Is trataperenl. 

PENETRATE, [pmrfro, to pierce, L.l to enter beyond the siuf- 
face; to make way into anoUierDody. 
PiBRCE, [pererr^ F.] to penetrate deeply. 
Pbbfobate, \_paforo, to bore, L.] to pierce with a pointed in- 

atrument ; to bore through a substance. 

BoBB, [borian, S.] to form a round hole; to break through. 

Water pcsflralfi lenUier ; marrow pmelratit bones ; met penelralta iron j 

the rain penetrates the earth ; pierced with a dart ; per/orated by a ball ; 

worias per/orate the ground, wood ; borf is the conunon term for petforalt. 

We caaoot penetrate the ways of Proridence ; Che shrieks of the wonnded 

seemed to iwrcc the ear. " The love of money is the root of all eiil, whid 

e pierced themselvea through with maaj 

Saoacitv, [sapadtiM,fore8ight, L.J quickuess of sense; readi- 

nesa of apprehension. 
Penetration to understand difficulties ; acutenest to discern tdce dlaliite* 
tions ; uaiai^ tagacity ; fo^aci^ of animals. 

PEOPLE, \_populut, L.] those who compose a communily. 

Nation, Tiuifio, L.] a race of men nntundly or politically ilii- 

tinguiSied from another people. 
We use the word people when speaking of the inhabilantB of s eonntij 
distinct Irom its ifOTemment.~~as. the English are an Indostrloos propki 
leasnres, and the people are spoken 
'c say, the English or British maiiou. 

PEOPLE, the commooal^; persons iu general. 

PoPt'LACi, fpofwlxf, L.] the vulgar; the multitude. 
Mob, [mobilu, movable, L.] a promiscuoua or disorderly multi- 

The voice of the |Kspk ; " the]»}ntlace a coaatlesa Qiroag ;" a lawless lufr. 

PEOPLE, men in general, or indefinitely. 

Persons, \_persona, L.] individuala, men or women. 
Folk, \_foic, S.} certain persona discriminated from others. 

Many people: two or three thousand penoia. Other Jbli; old JWti 
great/oU; snch/sU. This term is used chiefly in colloquial style. 

PERCEIVE, Ipercipio, L.] to discover by the senses. 

Discern, [discfno, L.] to diicrinimBte. 

DiBTiNOUisu, [distinguo, L.] to knon one from anothei by any 

eitemal mark. 
PtiteiM otyccts ; distm motivu, choracten ; ditlingtiiih dUSEmccc, 

PERCEPTION, [peTCfi>tio, L.] that proceBa of the mind which 
makes known an external object. • 

IdKa, \i<iea, L. & Or.] model of anything in the mind. 
CONCBPTION, [conctyHo, L.] apprehenaion of any thing by the 

Notion, [notio, L.] representation of any thing formed by the 

Aelear ptrci^tion: a dutioct ideai a rigbt concepHm,- a jut nelion. 
There may be coofiificd perceptionSf iadiEdnct idrasj vrong eonceptiimit tX' 

PERISH, \_pereo, to depart wholly, L.] to be deitroyed; to come 
to nothing. 

DiB, [rfeorftan, S.] to lose life; to cease to Lve. 

Decay, [de, down, caifo,to6ill,L.] todecUnefroma state of per- 
fection ; to perish gradually. 

Every tliiiig that has life must dit / aU Udugs decay i dead bodies perish. 
PERMIT, [permitto, to send through, L.] to give leave. 

Allow, [alhmer, O. F.] to sanctaon ; to grant liberty. 

Consent, [consmtio, L.] to accord ; to agree in mind and will. 

SuPFEK, [sttffero, to hear under, L.]^ not to hinder. 

ToLEKATE, [fofn-o, L.] not to prohibit or restrain. 

Permit Bad oiliMn are applied to less seriona mbJMts than coniail y n^er 
turn to paaa ; loleratc innoeent pastimes ; Merale different religlaas. 

PERPETRATE, Iperpetro, t» go through with, to effect, L.] to 
perform, always in on ill sense. 
Commit, [commitio, L.] to effect; to do. 

Men commit errors and offences ; tLey ptrpetratc crimes, eril designs. 

PERSUADE, {^persvadeo, to ui^e, L.J to influence by argument, 
expostulation, or entreaty. 
Entice, [attiser, F.] to instigate by exciting hope or desire. 
Prevail upon, [pravaleo, to overcome, L.] to induce. 
Men Biepertvaded br eloqnence or argument, mlictd by arts, and thus 

prmiiled upon to consent. 

PICTURE, \_pictara, L.] a resemblance of persons or things drawn 

PaiNT, [impHmo, to press, L.] picture made by impression. 
Engraving, [ graver, to cut figures on stone or metal, F.] the 
work of an engraver; the picture or impression engraved on 



PILLAR, [pila, a heap, L.] a long body nhich helps to sustain a 
CoLUUN, [colwima, a prop, L.] a round pillar of certain propor- 
tioDB according to the rules of architecture. 
" The palate built by Picas, vast and prond, 
Sappoitedby a hundred jiiftorf stooa." 
t, vpait piaar ,• a beautmil Corinthian coteBM. 

PITEOUS, [ftompify,] sorrowful; moumfidi eiciting pity. 

PiTiA-BLB, desernng pit?; worthy of compassion. 

Doleful, [dolor, grief, L.] expressing grief. 

WostuL, Udx, grief, S.] fidl of distress. 

RuKFUL, [rem ' '" ' ■ ■^ "" • 

kfUcoul lamenta 
■nit; ; a ra^fvl coimtenaiice. 

PITY, [piM, ¥.] sympathy with the d 

Compassion, [^compamoa, F.] painiui sjuijnuij. 

Mercy, \misericordia, L.j tliat benerolence or teDdemesa of 

heart which dwposea a person to OTerlook injuries. 
Have pity on the poor.— Ye had nunpoMiini on me in m; boods. (Heb. x. 
34.)— Shov mercy in mitjgHting the ponishments of offenders. — He hath 
shoired thee, O man, mhat is good ; and what dotik the Lord require of 
thee, bat b) do jastly,uid to loTemeriy, and tomlkbiUDblTirithUiT Ood? 
{Mlc. Ti. 8.) 

PUCE, \ place, F.l any particular portion or space. 

Spot, twit, Du.J a small extent of place. 

Site, {nlua, seat, L.] situation; local position. 

A penon may know the place where an event happened, but may not be 
able to point out the exact spot ; tilt of a building. 

PLACE, official Station; employment. 

Situation, [nfus, L.l omce; place. 

Station, {statio, fixedneaa, L.J post assigned; office. 

Position, [|io«itu>, L.l state of being placed. 

Post, \_pontus, placed, L.] fixed seat ; public station. 

We seek a place, choose a fifntfiM, t^te up a tlation, change our padtitni, 
maintain oar j»tl. We £11 a plaee, hold a ntaatioB, occnpy a ifofioa, stand 
Id a poiiHon, remain at our post. 

PLAY, \^piegan, to play, S.] amusement; frolic. 
Game, \gamea, a jest, Sij amusement of any kind. 
Sport, [spo», a make-game, Ice.J diTerakm; tumultuous vats- 

Children's play.- ^ome of cricket, cards, &c.; qwrfi of the lldd; nml 

PLUNGE, [phnger. P.] to thrust suddenly into a fluid. 

Dive, {Man, S.] to sink voluntarily under wal«r. 

A peisOD pWnges into the water to bathe ; to diet is a separate act ) there- 
fore a person may plunge, and not dor, and dire without pbtn^iny ; dncka 
dJM; the Indiana dice for pearls. yijvniWtwJji, eitraTBgautand ti" •^- - 

persODKplimge thenuclves isto dlatmi and mUery ; inqnisltlte penoni doe 
into other nun's atcreU ; ttadJom penoDa dive into Kcrcto of adeiiGC, Into 
the depths of '**"**"g and knoivledge, 

POISON, ipoiion, F.] that which destroyi or injure* hfe bj heing 
taken into the stomach. 
Venom, [nenmum, L.] noxious nutter applied eitemally, and 
introduced into the eyitem through the porei of the skin 

POISE, [pKiyjoic, to throw down, W.] to hold or pUce in eqni- 
Balance, [Aiionx, a douhle dish, L.] to equipoize ; to make of 

equal weight. 
A bird poizes it> wiagt, and b; thnt means balance! its bodf in the air. 
Poiii the scales, so that they loay balance each other. 

POLITE, [politiii, pohshed, L.] well-bredj courteous. 

Polished, [polittu, L.] free from coarseness, rudeness, or rui- 

Rbfined, [rq^iiirf, F.] elegant; pure; delicate. 
FoUle penoD, didt i peSahed sodeCy, language, life; refined manners, 

POLITICAL, IpoUiikos, pertaining to a city, Gr.J relating to ciril 
govenuneot and its administration. 
Politic, skilful; prudent; adapted to promote the pnbHe 

PaUlical measures, power, scheme ; politic eanUon, eondnct. 

POSITION, IpoHlio, L J state of being placed. 

PoBTVBB, Ipomtura, L.] state with respect to something else. 
The fbrmer ponNon; ^piodpoailiBn; poitureoIiJtBiis; a reclining fxufuri. 

POSSESSOR, Ipogitnor, L.] one who occupies or emoys. 

Proprietor, Iproprielas, L.] one who has a legal right or ex- 
clusive title to any thing. 

Owner, [offon, to possess, S.] one to whom any thing belongs. 

Mastbr, [magater, L.] one who owns and goreras. 

A tbtef is a wrongfiil jxWHXOr .- God constituted man the proprietor ol the 
earth; " the oi knoweUi his ouner ,*" the ma>(«' of a household. 

POSSIBLE, [poasibUis, L.] that may he or exist ; not contrary to 
the nature of thin^. 
Practicable, Ipraticable, F.} that may be done. 
Fbacticai., [praetieut, L.] capable of practice or active XUK; 

not merely speculative. 
"With God all tUngs are pouUih .■ a practicable scheme; praetieal 

POUR, [Stone, W.] to send forth in a continued stream. 

Spill, [tpiKm, S.I to vattei to mn out of a vesiel, or be Rcstteied. 

Shbd, itcedtm, S.J to suffer to flow out. 

Pour with dnign ) qiul b; Accident ; lAcd blood, tean ; the sua $hedt light. 

POWERFUL, [yomw, uiifull,'] invested with comnuutd or an- 
thohty ; exerting mond or physical force. 

Potent, tpolena, LJ strong, emcacioiu, influential. 

Mighty, [miWij, S.J Tery sb^jng; vaKftnt; forcible; vast. 

Pdhht/hI in str.:iigth, Inlluence, argument ; d. palml moDarch, intoest, 
medidne ; migblu geniua, waters, works. "Great b truth, and mighlg 
above all thing*.''' 

PRAYER, [^o^noR, to ask, S.] solemn earnest supplicatioD. 

Petition, [petitio, request, L.] a formal lolieitatian. 

RicauRST, [requintus, L.] the expression of desire. 

Entrbaty, [from entreal,^ eameat, importunate request. 

Suit, {suyt, N.] a legal application. 

Prayer in the higheEt sense is addressed to God, thongh the term is used 
with reference to man, as the prayer of a petition. A pttUioH la public, a 
regnal private ; a petilion to the king, a nqaal to a frieDd ; aa lu-geiit en- 
treaty ; a nil id ehancery ; a dtll avit. 

PREDICTION, {^pradictio, L.] a foretelling. 

Prophbcv, [pro, before, andjiiemi,to apealt,Gr.] a declaration 

of lomethmg future. 
Prtdietim of a diaceraiug person ; propAeey of an inspired person. 

PREFACE, [pr*/n(M>, spoken before, L.] lometbing written 
— '-sn as mtroductory to the main design. 

t, [^praludiaia, played before, L.] something preced 
bears relation to that which is to follow. 
iR, [prologoj, Gr.^ introduction to any performance. 
ru, [exordium, beginning, L.] the intrdduetory part of 

Pbsludb, [^praludiaia, played before, L.] something preceding 

that bears relation to that which is to follow. 
Proloour, ' ' 
Exordium, ] 

any composition. 

Pr^acc to a book ; prtlade to a piece of mnsic, a concert ; prologue to a 
drama ; exordium to a discourse, sermOD, or addreas. 

PREROQATIVE, [pntroffaliea, precedence in voting, L.] an ex- 
clusive or peculiar privilege or pre-eminence. 

Privilege, Iprivikgitim, pnvate law, L.] peculiar (Cdvantoge 
or benefit. 

Exemption, [ex, out, emo, to buy, L.] freedom from tax or 

datf, taxes ; immiaiily from labor, aervke, evil. 

PRESS, [presser, F.] to crush ; to roll between two bodies. 

" rsEZB, [cwysan, S.] to press closely with the hands or with 

o compress with the Angers ; to pain with 


Gbipb, [ gripan, S.] to hold fast ; to catch eacerlv. 

Prat gropes to obtain Ou jnia ; prat ueda to obt£a at oO ; tquait a 
lemon ; janch the flesh ; jrtpe the wrt»t ; proud by neeesaity ; we pna by ' 
linportunlties ; extoitioiiera study to fr/iiA!if the money ftom penHtoi ; a miser 
pincAa himself to sare the money he has griptd from others, 

PRESSING, conitrejning; distressing. 

Urgent, \iiTgens, L.] vehement, earnest in request. 
Impobtunatb, \importo, to bear on, L.] unseasonable and in- 
cessant in solicitation. 
Pratmg necessity ; Mrgmt entreaty, appeal ; importanatt suitor, beggar. 

PRESUMPTIVE, {pnttumo, to take before, L.] taken by previous 
supposition ; grounded on probable evidence. 
Prksumptuoub, arrogant ; bold and confident to excess. 
pRBSUMiNC, venturing widiout permission. 

Prenunpftce heir, sigumeat, evidence, proof, reuoning ; frttvroftwutnxaD, 
hope, wish, thought, ^gtuge ; he is of nch a prtnming dispositioD, that 
he hesitates not \o address his snpeiion in mch ftmlliar terqis as border on 

PRETENCE, [frataism, held out, L.] a false moment grounded 
upon fictitious postulates; not real; mere show. 
Prbtbxt, \_pTstextus, L.l ostensible reason; false all^etion. 
ExcusB, [excasQ, to Eree from blame, L.] plea offered in exte- 
nuation of a tault ; apolt^. 
A f^e pTftencei a mere pfttenee ; under a pretext of serving him, he ef- 
fected his ruin ; the guilty sedc excaitt fbr their conduct ; he pleaded an 
tBCaH for his sliaence on account of illness. 

PRETENSION, [pralmsio, S.] cUdm, true or false. 

Claim, [cianio, to call out, L,] a demand of any thing as duet' 
Malie no false prefnutimi.- no unjust claiiia: those who make great prc- 

tentiims, have (twiuently but slender claims to public approbstion. 

PREVAILING, [pritpaleo, to overcome, L.] having much influ- 

Prevalbnt, [pravalens, L.] eitensiTely existing ; generally 

Ruling, chief; controlling. 

OvBRRULiNO, exerting supreme and controlling power. 
Predominant, Ipridomtnor, to rut before, L.] superior in 

strength, influence, or authority ; ascendant. 
A. preealUng pvacUce, custom, disorder; a-precalent idea, opinion; ntiaff 
-"-- '■ - power, providence; predominaal church, sect, taate. 

PREVENT, [pracewo, to come before, L. ] to precede. 
Anticipate, \anticipo, to take before, li.J to foret|ste; 

"Mine eyes ;irainii the mght vratches."— (Palms cilx. 4.) Weon(itJp 
pleasure, evil. 

214 PREVENT— pRmcB. 

PREVENT, to hinder; to inteicept; to obstruct. 

Obviate, [ob, in front, via, wny, L.] to meet in the way ; to 

remove in the outset. 
Fbbclvdb, Ipraclado, to shut out, L.] to interpose sn impe- 
Fmtnl ciimo, diMues, miicbief ; obriatt objMtions, dtStcnltiei ; uckDcn 
prtoaitM ta from pnmilng our Btndies, or bnsiDesa j ignorance pnchida ta 
from btcUectna) cnjofmentB, and from honor^e pnlcrmeDt. 

PREVIOUS, [praviiis, going before, L.] happenii^ before aome- 
thiag eue ; prior. 
Pbeliminary, [ pra, before, Iimen, tbresbold, L.] that precedea 

pRBPARATORY, [DT^Qrafoirt, P.] useful; qualifying. 
Intboductorv, [tn/roduco, to bring in, L.J aerring to intra* 
duce tomething elae. 

Prcnoiu qootion, inquirf ; prthminar]/ articles, cDuditdoaa ; preptuvloiy 
steps, measiim ) -Mrodutloiy ngatoeaU, tdwnratkina, remarks, duconne. 

PRIDE, [prvde, S.] inordinate and unreasonable aelf-eateem. 
Vanity, [vanilas, L,] inflation of mind upon slight grounds. 
Conceit, [caHct|no, to conceire, L.] opiniouative pride; self- 
flattering opmion. 

PriAe maj be noble or ignoble ; vanUjf ts sUly ; he has a great conteU at 

PRIDE, elation of heart ; elevation of mien. 
Haughtiness, [kaiUMae, F.] pride mingled nith contempt for 

Loftiness, llofter, to lift, D.] elevation of 
* character, or condition. 
Dignity, [dignitas, worthiness, L.] nobleness of mind. 
Pride of heart ^ AoK^Afiiuu of carriage ; iq/ifinen of Bpirit, mind, of t 
difnit!/ of chaiaclcr. 

PRIMARY, [primartai, L.] first in order of time or dignity. 
Primitive, [prirtuttvtis, L.1 pertuning to the beginning. 
Pbibtinb, [fTOtintw, L.] tost; n ' 
" L, [or^Bi '' ' "■ " '' 

PRINCE, [prtRceps, L.] chief and independent ruler. 

. HONABCa, [mono*, sole, arebm, chief, Gr.] a supreme governor; 

SovEREiON, [toMitTeign, N,] one invested with absolute an- 

Potbntatb, {_potens, powerfiil, L.] one possessing great power 

Prinet la a general term, which may laclnde all the others ; every uu 



tiurtrtigiu as a king, is a mt/»orthi hell k tntrt^ whau domlnlaiu a 
more exteusite ; a potaitatc ia a gorersor whou lidneucc extendi to oth 
natioDS beildea hli own. 

PRINCIPLE, Iprine^nimt, begmning, L.] gnnmd of ac 

PRXORITV, [fromprior,] precedence in place or time. 

PiLECEDENCB, [pnccnfo, to luove befdrs, L.] the goii^ before 

in rank, dignity, or honor. 
Pbe-kuinbncb, fpriE, before, eminatHa, elevation, L.] snpe- 

riori^ ; diitinction. 
Pbbfbkbnce, Ipra/ero, to hear before, L.] eiUmation of one 

thing above imother ; choice of one Tather than another. 

PnorUy in luTth ; right of prmdeaa ; he aeqolred prt-tmiitntt in hia 
profcsBiaa ; vre give a pr^erenee to one tUng ova anottafr. 

PRIVACY, [pripatu*, aeparate, l~] retreat from company or ob- 
servation ; place intended to be aecret. 

Bbtirbmbht, (retirer, to withdraw, F.] private abode; state of 
being withoiawn from public life. 

Seclusion, {seclude, to ihnt out, L.] the Bt&te of living apart 
from society. 

He lives in pricaey i retirtmeiU from biuin«9 ; uthaiim fimo the vorld. 

PROCEEDING, [procedo, to move forwajd, L.] movement from 
one thing to another. 

Pbocbsb, {procetsus, L.] course; series of actions. 

PnoORBBS, [pro^esnu, stepping on, L.] advance. 

A general procadmg .- a r^alar procea ; frogresa ia learning ; progren 
oflifc. ^ 

PROCEEDING, measure ; step ; course of conduct. 
Tbansaction, [traniaetus, acted through, L.] dealing between 

man and man ; nuinagement of an alfW. 
Proctedingt of aocietiei ; traiaactiam inbnguiess. 

PROCESSION, [proceMW, Ii.] a train of persons marching or 
riding with c»emoiiious solemnity. 
Train, [iraia, F.] a company moving in order; a succession of 

Rbtinue, [retiaeo, to retain, L.] the attendants of a prince or 
diatinguiahed personage. 

Solenm proceMion ,- luneral proceaion ; marriage proeasian ; in grand 
proceui^na there are trairu of coachea ; numeroaa rttinues attend the great 
on public occaaions. 

PRODUCTION, Iproduco, to lead forth, L.] tlie thing produced ; 
the process of producing. 


216 production- 

Produce, that irhich any thing yields or producei. 
Product, [prodacltis, L."] something produced by nature ; as 

truits, grain, metals ; or b; bodily or mental application. 
Productions of natort ; produce inf the fields ; prifducts of a paiticolar 

eoimCTy. Producliera ol ait : produce at labor ; product ofibe imtigiaatioa. 

PRODUCTION, composition ; work of art or stody, 

Pebforuan'Cb, [per/ormo, to fmhion completely, L.] execution 

of any thing. 
Work, [weorc, S.] exertion ; operation. 
An originiil praibic/ton ,• one of ntlaii's finCEt perfonnanca: an rncyclo- 

pcdia Is a wttrk of great labor ; the trorks of aaCure. 

PROFUSION, {pro/undo, to pour out, L,] rich abundance. 

Profusion of protisious, daintits ; eitravagaoce and profusenesi. 
PROGRESS, [ progreastts, stepping on, L.] motion fomsrd. 
pROGREBSioN, \_ progressio, L.] r^idar and gradual advance. 

Advance, [avatieer, to move on, F.] the act of coming forward. 

Advancement, the state of being advanced or promoted. 

Natural progress; arithmeticBj, geometrical progression; an advance la 
liDOnledge, riches, hoaor ; adcanetmenl In leamiug, sdenc«. In a profeaaion. 

PROGRESS, inteLectual or moral adva 

Proficirncv, [prq/icio, to advance, L,] improvement gained. 
lupROVKMENT, [improwmettl, N.] instruction, edification. 
Prajresi In knowledge ; pnySnenci/ in music; itaprocrment of the mind. 

PROMINENT, [prominCTW, shooting fomard, L.] standing out 
beyond the surface ; protuberant. 
CoNBPicuouB, [conspicuus, obvious, L.] eauly seen; open to 
the view. 

Promintnt feature, place, figure ; tonspiewms sitnatioa, iceac. 
PROMISCUOUS, [prjmwcuiw, mingled, L.] mised without oiJer. 
Ikdiscriminatb, [indiscriminalus, undistii^uishable, L.] not 

having any mark of distinction ; not making a difference. 
Promiscuous multitude ; uidiscrimiiiatt distributiun. 

PROMISE, [promissum, sent before, L.I declaration of some bene- 
fit to be conferred, or act to be performed. 
Encaokmekt, [engagement, F.] obligation by agreement. 
Word, [woriJ, ST] purpose expressed. 

Fulfil your pn/miaes / perform your engagements ; keep your icord. 
PROPORTIONATE, [from proportion,'] adjusted to something 
else ; according to a certain rate or standiifd. 

Adgquate, [ttdaqttatus, made equal, L.] correspondent to ; 

fully sufficient. 
PropoWionafe price, quantity ; "Those who are persuaded that they shall 

L— PUB LI Bit. 

PROPOSAL, [ propone, to put fonvud, L.] icheme or detign pro- 
pounded to cooaiderstioQ or tcceptiDce. 
Proposition, [propotitio, L.] uij'thiiig stal«d or affirmed. 

We accept a propoial i we admit B propotiiim. 

PROROGUE, [prorogo, to stretch fnward, L.l to prolong. 
'.DJOURJ "" ' ' ' ""■" .".-^- 

PEOSPECT, [prospreitu, Keing fbnrwd, L,J that which i» pre- 
sented to the eye. 
SuBVBY, [lunfeoir, to look OTer, 0. F.] an attentive view. 
ViBW, \vue, F.] reach of the eye ; mental right. 
A confined jmwpnf .' an attmiit vita: a minute mnty i a vide tvnry. 
Nbttow ncioi : enlarged and liberal iiicioi ,• totati pmptttt. 

PROVE, [pntfian, S.l to show hy argument or testimonv. 

Dbhonbtratk, \aemonstro, L.] to prove beyond douht. 

EvlNCB, [miRco, to evince, to prove, LJ to make evident. 

Manipebt, [maniftsto, to make plain, L.] to make obvious to 
the understanding ; to exhibit to the view. 

Proce fntts ; iaaonslrale by nndeniable evidence ; eanci the falsity of 
absurd aotioiiai the wisdom of Ood u mant^alnl in all hla works. 

PROVIDE, [procii^o, to see before, L.] to prepare ; to make 

Pbocubb, [procuro, LJ to obtain ; to acquire. 

FuBNiSH, Ifountir, F.Jto fit up; to store. 

Supply, {sa^leo, to fill up, L.] to give what a wanted. 

Provide a dinner ; procure help ; fiintah a room, the table, the miud with 
ideas ; npp'y wants ; provide agalaat accidents ; procure neceesarka ; tupply 

PRUDENT, Iprudms, L.] practically wise. 
pRUDBNTiAi., dictated or prescribed by prudence. 

Prudtat conusel, man, measure ; pntdrntial maiims, motives, rules. 

PRY, to inspect officiously, curiously, or impertinently. 
" ' ' r, to search close' ^' 

S.] to go deep ii 

OEner men 8 secrets ; we icrwiiaze moaves ana Bcnons \ \n- 
■e into the eeerets of nature, and into the depths of kntnoUdge, 

o discover to mankind ; to send a book 

Scrutinize, [scrufor, to search closely, L.] to examine critically. 
T. — ^^ ^dt/fan " '' ' ■ ' - ■ . . - . i... .. 

journals ; the commou an 



PURPOSE, [nropotto, to place befiwe, L.J to intend ; to nttAve. 
FBOPOSBiXpropono, L.] to form a detign in the mind. 
Wc parpMs to do QioK things that seem oeareat to us, sad tJut an com- 
mon to na 1 w we fmrpne to take B wbUe, to vmt b frieud ; ve propott more 
Krious things, and those that are at a instance, as to atndy a sdeocc, to 
teara an art, to go into business. 

PUZZLE, Iporiaw, to pose, W.] to bring to a stand. 

Ferplbx, Iperpkxor, L.] to distract ; to make difficult. 
Compound, [con/ondre, F.] to dismay; lo throw into conster- 

Embarkass, {emiaTTOSigr, F.] to distress; to disturb. 
Bbwilder, [tnild, roving, $.] to lead into intricate paths. 
Entangle, [fainti to choke, W.] to involve in something fntm 

nhich it is difficult to extricate one's self. 
Iksnahb, [snare, a cord, D.] to seduce by artifice. 
PiaiUd with diffiiult qnestiani | pcrplextd with variMy of choiee, contia- 
tieE; of opinion ; co^fou^ed by dusonant sounds ; tmbarraued with ewes. 
debts 1 bcmiliUrtd in the woods ; enlangltd among the briars ; enlanfled with 
law suits j aOattenng tODgueisapttofamare. 

QUACK, [quackea, Du.} a boastfiil pretender to skill or knowledge 
which he does not possess. 
Mountebank, [montare in 6a«co, to mount upon a bench. It.] 
one who mounts a stage in any pubUc place to boast of his 
«kill in curing disease, and vend his metbcines. 
Empiric, [emprinios, one who makes experiment*, Gr.] a phy- 
sician who enters on practice without a profeadoual edu- 

Charlatan, [ciarlare, to prate, It.] one who nukes unirurant- 
able pretenaioag. 

Theee words are all applied, in the first place to vain pretenders lo medical 
linowledge ; and, in the next plaix, to all boastluE pretenders hk anif depart- 
ment of sdence. 

QUALIFY, [gaalis, 8\x6h,faeio,to make, L.] to abate; to modify; 

Tf.mfrb, {tempera, to moderate, L.] to accommodate. 
iluMOR, to comply with; to contribute to promote. 
We qualift/ the sense of words, the rigor of the iw ; temper justice with 
meter i we humar the iucUnadons of an indiridual. 

QUALITIES, virtues or vice« ; natural propertiea. 
Talents, superior faculties ; eminent abihties. 
Qualilies are good ot bad ; talenti are of great importaoce in the coramtrce 



QUALITY, [qvalilai, L.] inherent or esMDtiftl nature. 

Property, [prapiiia, belonpng to, L.] peculiar qiialitj'. 

A-TTTRIBUTB, (allribuo, to usiga to, L.] charscteriatic diaporition. 

Eiery thing tbat eiista, posseuc* Ui ovn diatiiict, Inhennt fualits : the 
quatiiy of a thia^ is DDaltcrKhle ; we roaf diveet thin^ of th«r propfrtirt, or 
mBT g^vc them proptrtiet which they hare not i we may alao ascribe to them 

o make, L,] any acquire- 
makes a person fit for 
way thing. 
AccoMFLisHHKNT, [aceom/)Iu««)nAt(, F.] embeUiihment ; ele- 
gant acquirement ; ornament of mind or body ■ 
Qica^i&afwiif for office, hiuincBB ; accompluhmenis of aladyorgtoXlemta. 

QUARREL, [querela, L.I a brawl ; an angry dispute. 
Broil, [bTOmllerit, F.] a tumult; a nouy contention. 
Feud, l/rglk, S.] a deadly quarrel. 

QUERULOUS, \queTulas, compluning, L.] disposed to muimur. 
Unbasv, [uneath, S,} disturbed ; Kitlesa; unquiet. 
Troublesome, vexatious; annoying; importunate. 
A qtitralMa temper or tone of tchcc ; tnrian mind ; Inrublttomt boBlaeu. 

QUESTION, [qiurftio, an inquiry, I~] an intem^:atory. 
Query, [ouicre, inquire, L7] an inquiry to be resolved. 

A quatioK of enrioeity ; e. phUosoplucal gtry. 

QUICKNESS, [ewic, alive, S.] briatneM ; promptness ; activity. 

Swit^NESS, [stnfan, to turn, S.l speed ; nimblenesa. 

Flbitnbss, [JIofoB, to fly, S.] swiftness of course or motion. 

Cblbbity, [celeritas, L.] twiftneas ; speed. 

Rapidity, [rapiifiu, ruaning, L.] quickueaa of prc^resuon or 

Velocity, [veloeitas, aniiiuess, L.] quick motion. 

QttieknetM of hearing, apprelienBion, anderBlanding ; n^lness in mnniDg ; 
fiatitea of n faoise, the mods i the blood circulates with astonishing cefeWfjr; 
ctierits of thought ; rapidilf of a itream, of time ; celoeily of a cannon b^, 
of lightning. 

RACE, {ratUx, root, L.] a generation; a seriea of descendants. 
Family, [/amtiia, L.] uiose that descend from o 

progenitor, or live under one head. 
House, [hat, S.] family of ancestors and descendants; kindred; 

those who dwell together. 


220 KACB — KATE. 

LiNEAOI, [linea, L.J progeny ; family ageending or descending. 
Ratt of mcD; luuiue n/amily; rnle B Amur; alu^or nnioeroiu/aniilsi,- 
koue of Aostria 1 " oitlte fiHofC of Dmiid i" the race of ancient Britoiu; 
the hnmaa ran. 

RACE, [ras, ■ going, Dn.] n runniagi nqtid progrewion. 

CouRBK, [euTTO, to run, L.] career ; route ; process ; seriei ; line 

of conduct. 
Pasbaob, [posnu, a step, L.ljournc;; trsTclling; vovaj^g. 
A liorce race : loot roee ,- cnvH M a river i pnwofr of e. vess^ ; poao^ 
through life ; mn a nm .- punue a cmrx ,- tmnie of atady. 

" " "^y"- 

, ^. , ^ , _ .J irrYmt r lustre. 

Bjidianu of tlie sod ; bniUancy of a diAmoiui. 

RAPACIOUS, [ropia, to seize, L.l disposed 

Ravenous, {reafian, to roll, S.l fiinouslj _. 

Voracious, X«oro, to devour, L,] ereedy to eat; Tcry h 

Rapadoui heaat ; rannoui Bnimsl, voir, bird ; vorackna appetite. 

BAPINE, [raptna, L.] the act of seizing hj violence. 

Plunder, [p/»ndrrM, Du.] spoilt eotteu in war. 

PiLLAOB, [ptfirr, to strip, r.] something taken by open Tiolenw. 
War and rapine i blood and rapim ; violent rapine ; tiiej carried away 
much plvndtr ; pitlagt of a tovn ; they were loaded vith pillage. 

musually excellent. 
, ^ , J . n small quantity. 

Singular, \_aingvlari*, L.J unexampled ; standing aJooe. 
Aran plant, floner, frictiire: Tare beaut;! a team aitide, eomiaadity ; 
money, giild is tcarti i a linear qaality ; 'Oa cbamdion is a lingular aoimaL 

RASHNESS, foolish contempt of danger. 

Temeritv, \temtntaa, a rushing fomud, L.] extreme boldness. 

Hastiness, [&om luiMty,'\ heedlesa eaeemess. 

PRKCiPiTANCy, [prmeept, headlong, £.] headbng hurry. 

Riaioutt of yoaCh ; he is the anbject of anch temaritj/ of temper, that ba 
acts without deliberation, or the least regard to cooseqiiencea ; Autiwst of 
perfonnan™, movement i precijpttojicy of thooght, jodgement, or' — ' — "-- 

Ratio, [rafi'o, L/j the relation which one quantity has to an- 

Proportion, [pro, forth, por/io, share, L.] comparative rela> 
tion of any one thing to another. 

Rate of five per cent. ; at the rale of four pounds a ireek ; gcometileal ra- 
iio ; the arithmetical roNo of a to 6 is 4 ; prnporfion vith respect to ^ae, 
hdffht ; all beauty depends on the rt^nlnr proporium of all the parts of an} 
body, building, Stc. 

, t;ix,.,ic 


RATIFY, [ratumfaeio, to make flrm, L.] to *|)proT( ud unction ; 
to make vdid. 
Confirm, [conjirmo, L.} to itrei^ithen; to give auurance of 

truth or certainty. 
Sbttle, {settan, to leat, S.] to eitablith ; to make permanent. 
Batify treaties or ngrecBicntt ; tmfim rqK>rti ; uttti attain. 

RAVAGE, [ravage, F.] spoil, ruin, wwte. 
Desolation, {desafa^, laid watte, L.I deitructioD or expuUion 

□f inhabitmiti ; reduction to lolituae. 
Devvvstation, [i^ceifafio, L.] watte; havoc; deatruction. 
Raeagti of the storm, tempest, flamet ; daolatiom by war, buniae, pcs- 
tlleDce ; dniulatiant by flooda, eaithqnakes, feiodons annles. 

REACH, [racan, to itrain, S.I to hold out; to attain to; to touch 
with the hand extended. 

Stsbtch, Istreccan, S.] to ipread out toa distance; to draw 

out to a greater length. 
ExTiND, [tjclendo, to stretch out, L.] to prolong; to communi- 
cate ; to exercise towards. 
We reacli an object higher tlian onreelies by tIrettMng ont aa erm, aad 
txlendinff it above our heads, ae a hat ^m a peg, a book from a shelf, &c. ; 
a bnildiBj; ia said to rtach to a rarUdn ntunbei of feet in height, a aeek of 
land to ttreteh into the sea, a path or road, or canal, to extaid to a certtuD 
distance. A traveller reocicj the end of his joiune; ; a person in aathority 
sometiDies stretehti his power beyood all doe Umita ; we txtend our tbooghti 
to A aabject ; extend oar nsefulaess and sphere of action ; extend our charier 
to the poor and needy ; we should txltad forgiveness to those who have of- 
fended at, remembering tbat God exteada bis mercy to os all. 

without del 

, _ , J , ustomarily. 

Prompt, \^pTomptu>, L.j quick to act; acting with eheerfulnesa ; 

IMnner is ready : the child is opt at ids book; the servant is proinpt to 
Ui caH. Rtadji wit ; apl sclioiar ; ftmapl obedience, eloquence ; rtady 
money ; prompl judgranent. 

REASONABLE, [roteninafiie, F] governed by, agreeable to, reason. 
Rational, [rationalii, L.] havmg the power of reasoning. 

A rtatoaa/flt man ; a ralimat cieatare, being ; raHimiil faculties. Many 
ralumot beings do tl^nga which cannot be denominated reatoniiik actians. 

Recoil, [recultr, to drawback, F.] tornihback in 

of resistance ; to shrink. 
Aball rebmmdi: soanda retierbtrate in echoes; the blood ritoOl with 

RECEDE, [recedo, L.] to fall back ; to move back. 

Retreat, [rdraho, to draw back, L.] to move away &om any 


Rbtirk, {retirer, to nithdraw, F.] to go from a public plaM 

ioto priTM)'. 
WtTHDBAW, [with, against, dragon, to pull, S.] to quit a cotn- 

pany or place. 
Sbcbdb, {secedo, to move &om or aiide, L.] to separate one'* 

self from fellowship. 

He Tiaded a few steps ; the enemy rrtrtaltdi retire into the conntrf, 
tuna the world ; viilhdravi trom gsy Bocie^. The tide rcceda i waves rt- 
Ireat ; the miad rrtirfi within itself ; be icithdrcui big obedience to the com- 
mande of his niHater ; he iectded from the ministry } men ncede from a 
church, or religious society. 

RECEIPT, \recipio, to take back, L.] the act of reccdving. 

Rbcbption, [reetplio, L.] admissioii of any thing communi- 
cated ; manner or state of beine receiTcd. 
Rtctipl of gooda, money, ■ letter ; a poute, kind, diseoDraging, cold re- 

RECKON, [recan. to tell, S.] think; to conclude. 

Count, [compter, F.] to consider as having a certain character. 

Account, to eitfem ; to deem ; to consider. 

Number, [nmnero, L.] to enumerate ; to reckon as one of the 

We should rtclam it a happiness to live noder the Christian dispensation ; 
I count hiui as one of my friends. — " (>:t a man so orcotini of qb aa of the 
ministers of Christ." (1 Cor. iv. 1.)— ^mmitf it a privil^e.— " He was 
umtAfrntwlththetraiisgresMirs." (Isdab 1111. 13.) — " So teach as to umiier 
our days, that we mny apidy our hearts onto wisdom." (Ps. ic. 13.) — 
■'Matthias was BiintnYit with the eleven apostles." (Acts i. 36.) , 

RECLAIM, \reclamo, to call back, L.I to bring back ; to correct. 
Reform, Xreformo, to form again, L.] to bring from a bad to a 

good state ; tu iineDd. 
Rtcltam men ftom error and vice ; reform bad habits ; tonupt morals. 

RECLINE, [recHno. to lean back, L.] to bend down. 

Rbpoi^e, [repono, to place back, L.] to lay to rest. 

Tb£ mother reclintd her dying head on his breast ; r^ote on n pillow ; 
rqKuelD the shade. " Repiae ou a bed of Bowers." 

RECORD, [recordor, to call to mind, L.] authentic memorial. 
Rboibtbr, [regislrum, L.] an ofBciBl accoimt of any acta ot 

Archives, [arcktion, Or.] a place where records or Ancient 

writing are kept. 
It Is on retard .- reeordi at antiquity : a puUlc ngitler <rf births, deaths, 
Sh;. ; arcluta of ancient Rome, of the Court of Chancery ; orcMbemfscieDoe. 

RECOVER, [recowrer, F.] 

Rbpair, [reporo, L.] to restore after decay or diltqiidation. 

Rbcbuit, [recroOre, to grow again, F.] to gun new lappliu of 
anytbiag wasted. 

Sttnrr an cMaU ; retriae ■ km ; repair an injury ; retnit loet Btrength. 

RECOVERY, the act of Kgainiiur ; the itate of getting well. 
Restoration, \ratauraiion. P.] the act of replacing ; renewal; 

Wc ncmtr that which Is toat b; oar own effbrta ; it is ratortd to ni b} 
othen from a principle of iiutice. Rttotrry from dckncBB ; ratoratim irf 

RECTITUDE, Irectui, straight, L.] freedom from moral curri^ 
or obliquity. 
Ufrightnbbs, honesty, int^^itj. 
Rtctilade of JDdgtment ; vprighlaai of mind and heirt. 

REDEEM, [redimo, to pnrchaae back, L.] to free by nialciDg 
atonement ; to rescue ; to deliver. 
Ranboh, [ranfrnmer, F.] to liberate from captivity by paying 
an equivalent. 

Rtdtim penons or things ; ratuoxi penons only ; rtdcem by labor ; roa. 
■ lom with monej. Anfant time, cluinuiter ; ronMin prisooen, slaves, or 

[redrmtr, to set right. P.] remedy ; deliverance from 

) nh^ of the poor and aflicted. 
REDUCE, \redvco, to lead back, L.] to bring into any state of 


REFER, , ., 

Rblatr, [relatia, carried back, L.] to have reference. 

Rbs PBCT.Tresy icio, L:] to have a view to. 

RsoARD, {regarder, F.J to have relation to ; to concern. 

The New Testament ri/n-i to the Old in Innnmersble Instances ; we rfftr 
to a voIddw, s work, a page ; mood and tense in gnnunar rtlatt to verbs ; 
tbs cause relattrto the effect, the eilect to Che cause ; we should cherish all 
such prindplei as rapict the good order sod well-lieing of society. — He 
dissemination of the doctrines and precepts of Clirislianlty rrgardt the vir- 
tue and hsppinesi of man. 
REFORM, [reformo, to form again, L.] amendmeat. 

RiFORHATtoN, the act of reforming or correctiug. 

He commenced a r^ormalioH of life and conduct, which ended In a com- 
plete reform. 

REFUSE, [reftwer, F.] to deny what is solicited or required. 
Pkci,inb, [lieeijno, » bend down, L.] not to comply j to avoid. 

£24 BII^TB — RmPKAT. 

Rbjbct, [rrjicio, to throw back, L.] to throw away ; to cut off ; 

not to accept. 
Repel, {rfpello, to ilrive back, L.] to force to return. 
Rebuff, [houffer, to puff, to Bwell, F.] to check aJvance. 
Rtfust aaaeat, admiaaioa, [Mlvice ; decHiu im offer ; reject a praposol ; 
repel a tot; we rebuff those who obtrudi thenudTca contnij to our indi- 

RELATE, {relatus, carried back, L.] to UU ; to recite. 

Kbcount, to count again; to relate in detail; to tell distinctly. 

Describe, [rfescrito, L.] to show or represent in words. 
We relate erenta in general ; we ritmmt oar ona (ulrentores ) we relate 
what lu^)p«oed ; we deuri&e what we mw, iu regard* conntrj, dms, cere- 
mony ; the geographflr deacribes coantries ; the maroliflt desenba the effects 

RELATION, person related by birth or marriage. 

Relative, [relad'nu, L.j one allied by blood. 

Kinsman, [cyn, and man, S.] a man of the same race or family. 

Kindred, [cynren, S.] relatiTes by birth or tDorriu^. 

A. Dear or diBtant relalim ; a dear relative : he hu no children, therefoRi 
he iateads to leave his property to his neacest Mnnua ; be bears an affectios 
to hia Icindred^ 

RELAX, [relaxo, to slacken, L.] to make lesi severe. 
Remit, [renuffo, to send back, L.] to make leas intense; to 

In Bome cases the rigor of ponishment ahanld be relaxed ; in other cases 
it mair be altogether rmilted. 

REMAINS, [remaneo, to continue, L.] that which is left after a 
part is taken away or destroyed. 
Relics, [reliquiie, L.J that which is left after the loaa or decay 

of the rest. 
Xmnjiu of the dead, otadtr i relJM of aatiquitf ; reliet oTsaiuta. 

REUARK, [remorgue, F.] notice expressed in words or rating, ot 
taken silently. 
OsaBRVATiON, [pbstrtiatio, L.] eipresiion of opinion; animad- 

CoMMKNT, [commenlor, to cast in the mind, L,] that which ex- 
plains or illustrates. 
Note, [nolo, to mark, L.] a short written remark or explanation. 
Annotation, [annolatio, L.] explication; series of notes. 
CoMMENTARV, [commfntaTtas, L.] an expositiotii bookof com- 

11 make a few remarla and vbitrvalieiu on the work ; « comment by 

REPEAT, [repflo, to drive towards, L.] to do or utter again 
Recite, [rcnfo, to teU again, L.] to tell over; to relate. 



RxUBARBK, [irom rehear, i. e. to hem Bgain,] to repeat the 

words of a passsge or compoaition. 
Rbcaf ITU LATE, {r&apxtaleT, P.] to enumerate the chief poiata 

of a discourse or ailment. 
Septal words or seta ; ricitt a pl«* of p«t>T ; rtlfrit B tnvedT ; judges 
mapitvlate the evldeacc to the jurlei before Uuf retire to eondder of their 

REPENTANCE, [repmtmee, ¥.] tomw for an; thing dooe or 

Pbnitence, [panitenlia, h.J contrition for lin, with amend- 

ment of life or change of the affectioni. 
Contrition, [contritio, the act of grinding, L.] sorron for sia, 

sriiing from the desire to please Qod. 
Co HP UNCTION, [compmtctio, stinging, L.] the state of being 

pricked by the conscience. 
Remorse, [mordeo, to gnaw, L.] anguish excited by a sense of 

Repeatiaue is a Ter<r geneml term, asd Ii frrqneatl; nsed with reapect to 
thlngfi of tiiiisl Importance, aa well u thoHvbicli are more se'~~~ 
fence is only used in the se ' ' "' ' 

eipreas diflKrent modes bd 
jKuuftDu of cousclcDce ; n 

REPETITION, [rtpetitio, LJ] the act of uttering the same words 

Tautoloov, [tautot, the uune, logo*, word, Gr.] needlen repe- 
tition of words, or expressions. 
"U«enoYaior(p(H(»i)w."(Matt. t1.7.)— ToiiioiiJjK'rf'tTle is Terytediom. 

REPREHENSION, [reprehenno, chiding, L.] open cennue. 
Reproof, [reprobo, to blame, L.] blame to the face. 
Reprehemiim of a tneui \ repnaf of a pnrent to his child, master to his 

REPRESS, [reprimo, to press down, L.] to crush ; to put down ; 

Rbstbai.v, [reifrtnyo, to hold back, L.} to check. 

Si;ppRBBB, \mppriiRo, to press undo', L.] to orerpowerj to pre- 
vent disclosure; to restrain from utterance. 

JbpKM insolence, violence, bad passions, lud nnlawfiil desires; rutroin 
the appetites within due honnds; npprcu the volee, a sigh, information, 
pnbUcatioas, rebellion. 

REPRIEVE, dehiy of executbn after sentence of death. 

RE8PITB, {reml. P.] temporary suspension of a capital sentence. 
They obtsined for Uie criminal, first, B respUe, and aftenraidg a repritrit. 

REPRIMAND, [reprimoniin-, F.] to reprove severely. 
Check, to restrain; to moderate; to stop. 



Chidb, [eidm, to scold, S.] to utter wordi in anger. 
Rephovb, [rniro^, to blune, L.] to DumifeHt diMpprobation. 
Rebuke, [refuqu«r, N.] to reprehend for a fault. 
Reprimmd dlHobedient scrranU ^ check affcnaive actioDS ; chidt bad chil* 
dren | reprme Imgolaiitlei ; reitdit impioprieties. 

REPROACH, [r(procAe,F.]censLiremiDgled with contempt; shame. 
CoNTUuBLT, ]cottlameha, bitter taunt, diidoinfiil larcasm, L.] 

nideneii ; faaugbtinefs ; bittenten of language. 
OBLoauv, [obloquor, to «peak against, L.] reproach; diune; 

Foul r^priMdh / undcHerrcd con/uwJy ; dnerredoiJa^y. 

REPROACHFUL, expressing censure with contempt. 

AbUSIVB, [from abuse,^ practising abuse, or revihng words. 

Scurrilous, [icurri/w, L-l grossly opprobrious ; vile; low. 

We may sometiiiies uae rtproocV"' I" "" "" ' " ^ "- " - 

who ioeult US, with ptoprietj ; but ' 
times imprc^KT. 

REPROBATE, [rqvro&o, L.] to express extreme dislike or dis^i- 
proTal ; to Condemn in strong terms. 
CoNDBHN, [condemao, L.] to censure ; to blame. 
We rtprobale tiiiogs, we coHdtmn both pcisona and things. Rrprobaie all 
tlut tends to nndermine tlie lirtne and tasppness of sodetf ; nnufaiH what 
is wronf. 

RESERVE, {resfrvo, to keep badi, L.] to keep in itgre for future 
or other use. 

Retain, Irelineo, to keep back, L.I not to lose or part with. 

ResfTBc with osre ; reiaa nothing niilawfally . We raerve what we ban 
to say for a proper opportuuitr ; the mlad relaim impreaabos ; dlk rttabi* 

.RESERVE, something kept for exigence ; store kept uutODched; 
caution in personal behavior. 
Reservation, concealment of something in tbe mind. 
Army of mmt ,- ratm of proriMOna, money ; mdataia a pradent rv- 
KPM ; utful, selfish, hypocritical equivocMioua and meotal riKrnil»iu. 

REST, [r««t«. P.] that which is left ; those not included. 

Rbmaindbr, [r«naneo,to continue, L.] what is led; therefbae. 

Remnant, [contracted from remanent,^ yet left. 

Rbhidub, \jtsiduant, L.J that which is left after a part is re- 

All the ml ; the ral enid nothing ; bring the ml : remaiadrr of the pre- 
>isioBB ; rtmnaiil of silk, Unen, &c. ; naidiie of property, effects. 

RESTORATION, Irttlauriauai, P.] the act of replacing in a for- 
mer state. 
Rbbtitutiom, rresftfufio, L.] the act ot giving an equivalent 
for what is bst or taken away. 



Rbpakation, [reparotio, L.]the«ctof repairiiiK; compensBtion. 
AME!4Da, [amende, F.] that which lUpplira a ddect or loM. 

SatoralioH of peace ; mMnfion of rights ; thou vbo bare committnl 
fraudmiiit melLe rattiulioti .• rtparalionSor damagM, for iDJurin. We write 
a long letter to a friend to make aaiendt for onr long alienee. 

RESTORE, [restauro, to replace, L.] to rive back what has been 
loat or uQJiutl; detained; to bring Back. 

Return, [refomo, to turn back, L.] to give in requital. 

Repay, [r^ayer, F.] to pay back ; to retiind. 

Ratore what we have taken ; return vhat haa been lent na ; repay money 
iTTth pnnetualjtf . Ratore to favor, liealth ; rttvm an answer ; repay kind- 


Reitrain desires, appetites ; reitraai wickedneas and vice \ he «aa k> ei. 
trSTagant, tliHt it naa neccHar; to rettrict him in the use of bis money ; 
rettrieled in diet. 

RETALIATION, [rttaUo, to return Uke for like, L.] requital of 

RePBiBAL, [repm, retaken, F.] aomething seized by way of re- 
taliation or indemnification for robbery or injury. 
Rttaliatioa of injuries, incivilities, 8tc. ; " The liSneLlsh 'had great advan- 
tage In the way of rrpiiialt, u being more strong and active at sea." 

RETORT, Iretortus, thrown back, L.] a cenaure or incivility re- 
Rbpartbb, [rfpartie, F.] a Bmaii, ready, and witty reply. 
1^ retort conrteaas ; a quick or smart repartee. 

RaauiTAL, [euifwAim, Ir.] return; reciprocation; recompense. 

Fit retribatian 1 relrSiulvm of Provideiice ; fotore state of retribatton ,■ a 

RETROSPECT, [refro, backwards, tpecto, t 
of Bome^ing past. 
Review, [r«, again, video, to we, L.] a i 

REVERSE, [recn-ittf, turned back, L.] opposite. 

CONTRABv, [contrariiu, L.] of opposite nature and qualitiea. 
^ckness 1> the reeerte of health, youth of age ; bat vice la virtue's ronlrary. 

REVERT, [rroerto, to turn back, L.] to turn to the contrary. 

228 BBVtLK — Bt Die VLB. 

Bbtubn, \retormi, to Kara badi, L.] to come or go back; to 
come again ; to reriiit. 

A lecturer raerii to som^hing he haa ndranced ia a former lecture, and 
thCD retarnt to hit pRMnt dlieotuse. — An oUkte rttertt to Che former pro- 
prietor i the tdood rctwiu to the heart through the veiiu. 

REVILE, [>e, and n'lu, L.} to reproach; to treat vritb contumelj. 
Vilify, Tfi'w, and/acKi, L.l to defame j to slander; to traduce. 
WoithlesacEiaraeteraorteiirretl«tEie mostvorthf ; men cilj^y tbcdr enemiea. 

REVISAL, [rfpisD, to see again, L.] re-esamination for correction. 
Revision, the act of reviewing for correction and improvement. 
Revibw, [re, again, video, to see, L.] a criticBl examination, 
with remarks. 

Rtuital or reniion of a maauieript or book by the author or editra ; mi- 
nan of Btatntea ; reviffte of a literary work bj the critic or reaaotr- 

REVIVE, [re, again, vieo, to live, L.] to return to hfe ; to recover 

new life or vigor. 
Refresh, [rq/7-afeAtr, F.] to cheer; to invigorate; to relieve 

after pain, fatigue, or want. 
Renovate, [re, back or a^;ain, novo, to make new, L.|] to restore 

to the first state, or to a good state after destruction. 
Renbw, to make new again ; to re-establish. 

RICHES, [richegses, F.] money, eitates, or 

Wealth, ftcela, S.] an abundance of vt 
that of tliC generality of men. 

OpuLENCB,[opu/i?nfta,L.] large and splendid worMlyposaessioDs. 

AcVLUENCE, [afflaeatia, a flowing U>, L.l abundance ; plentji. 

" Give me neither poverl? nor richis." " WtiUlk maketh maor fHeods." 
Flattery attends opuimce: those who are blest with oigbKncc ought to svpplj 
out of thehr abundance the wants of thnr poorer neighbors. 

RIDICULE, Iridiatluta, L.] wit of that spedea that provokes con- 
temptuous laughter. 

Wit, [loif, the intellect, S.] a natural but striking associatioD (tf 
ideas produced by quickness of &ncy or by genius. 

HuHOR, ymmor, L.] that quality of the imagination which gives 
to ideas a wild or fanti^tic tum. 

BuBLKsauB, [burlesco. It.] a composition in which there is a 
ludicrous contrast between the subject and the manner of 
treating it. 

Satire, [mfira, L.] severity of remark. 

Irony, [nron, a diuemblcr, Gr.] a mode of speech in which the 
'is contrary to the words. 



Sakcabu, {lareatmot. Or.] a keen, reproachful, and iconifiil 

Ridieuka properlT employed on trivlsl tbingii ucisd snbjecti ibonld 
never he treated with ruUcale .• mil is more brilli«nt and poipuuit thao 
humor. Wit diiected agaioBt folly mny offeod ; humor never cidtes rcHnt. 
meot ; Irurlaque Cendi to eidte laughter by treatiqg a trifling subject with 
grayilj ; latirc Is used on grave sabjects, and exposes folly or wtckednni 
with severity, /twij is loitre in disrnUe ■, tartaim is the eiceu o( loKre, 
aad Is bitter, persoaal, and Dujiutlflable. 

, [rihl, S.] conformable to the at 
. IJualo), L.] exact; accurate. 
Fit, [pitlm, Fl. oi factum, L.] meet; suitable. 
"hopbr, {propriui ^ "" ■■ ■■ • ... 
Hon forcible are rig, 
ence ; ru/tU is opposed to 

the si^t of God and nun ; B'fiuJ balance, weight ; Juit la i 
should take care that all oni acUoni be JU ud proper on all oi 

RIGHT, that which juitlj' belougt to one. 

Claiu, b demand of any thing in the htwdt of another. 

" fpriviiegium, priTste or pBrtdeular law, special 


' rigbta, granted toindivldaali. 

BIOT, [riote, 0. P.] a (edition ; wild and noisy festivity. 

Uproar, [oproer, to stir, Du.1 violent disturbance and noise. 

Tumult, [iumeo, to swell, L.] noisy commotion of a multitude. 

Riol of a mob ; iipntiir of draakeu men ; lamuli at the people, of the 

RIPE, [ripe, S.] broi^ht to perfection in growth. 
Mature, [malants, complete, L.l perfected by liine. 
Ripe Eruit, com ; nuiure judgement, scoeme, in years. 

RISE, [arisan, S.] to Bprinff; to break forth; to grow. 

Issue, {issue, source, F.] to flow; to pass out of any place. 

Emekok, [e, out, mergo, to plimge, L.] to rise into view ; to 

The nust ritei from the ground ; the water {met from the rock. Some 
perBoasnflerjffromabsciiintyiandriteframonecoDditian to another. 

ROAD, [rod, a ride, S.] ground appropriated for travel. 
Way, [may, S.] course ; length of space. 
Road, the beaten way for traiellers; uray, the passage from place to place. 

ROBUST, [robustus, strong, L.l sound; sinewy; full of flesh. 
Sturdy, [atorrig, G.l atiff; hardy ; sinewy. 
Stout, [stout, Du.] lusty, TalLant, hold. 
Strong, [strtng, S.] vigotous ; having great physical power. 


peasant ; ilirig tempw ; jhirdjr 
oak ; tfrnif made ; I'mit in heart ; fierce and ilrmg : itnmg to labor ; tlnai§ 
nerreg ; itronj inli, forticis ; firm fleali ; Jirm in bod; ud mind ; J!rm pa- 

ROGUE, [arg, crafty, D.] a knave ; a dishonest fellow. 

Sharper, [from sAorp,] a tricking fellow; a cheat in bargaining. 

Thibf, [theof, S.] one who takes what belongs to another. 

The rogue steals in secret ; the iharper iteali by finesse ; the thiff steals 

ROT, \rotian, S.] to lose the cohesion of its parts ; to decoy. 
Putrefy, [pafre/iido, L.] to duoi^anize ; to become foul. 
CoRBlTPT, [cor, for crm, and run^, to break, L.] to dissolve by 
natural decomposition. 

Fniita rot; meat pufrejla ; metals are cotnipfnlb; nut, time. Sic. 

ROUNDNESS, [from rowuJ,] the quabty of being circular or glo- 
bular; fUmeas. 
RoTUNDi-ry, [rolwujifiu, L.] sphericitj'; circularity. 

AffundJUU of abi^, bovl, bubble; rwwutiJy of the earth, or globe. 
" Bracelets of peaii gate rrandiun to ber arm, 
And every gem angmented every clmrm." 
" Eabadiiy is an emblem of etiniUy, that has neither begiDniag nor end." 

ROUTE, Woute, F.] way which is travelled or pasiea. 

ROAO, \rad, ride, S.] ground made smooth ior passenger*. 

Course, [cBfTO, to run, L.] ground on which a race is run; pas- 
sage from place to place ; race ; career. 

Koif e of an nrmy ; the beaten road; race-nwn. — " I have finished mv 
wvu." (3 Tun, iv. 7.) 

ROYAL, [royal, F.] becoming a king ; noble ; illustrious. 

Reoal, \Tegalis, L.J belonging to a kins ; magnificent. 

KiNOLY, [eynis, king, lie, Uke, S.] suitable to a king ; splendid. 

Boyal nnthority, salnte, residence, carriage ; re^ol title, power, dignity, 
state, government ; kingly cmvm, seat, entertainment, heart, coontenance, 

RUB, \rhabiaw, W.] to mc 

Chafe, [ickauffer, to mi 
mation by friction. 

Fret, \fTtttan, to gnaw, S.] to eat away; to corrode. 

Gall., T yaUer, to scratch, O. F.] to hurt by breaking tbe skin. 

We nb the hands together ; fnmitore, &c. are rubbid ; to nS is gcnaaSr 
a regular action for purposes of utility ; but to ciuffe,toJrti, and jr^, imp^ 
irregnlar. violent, and injuiioos rubbing. " ''Ha as much as one can di> ta 
rub through the world. ^' Chufed with rage and indignation- Injuries from. 
friends JVeJ and <^ ui, and the memory ^them is not easily obliterated. 

RUPTURE, [rufifas, broken, L.] the state of beii^ violently broka 



RURAL, [ntralis, L.] existing, in the country, not in 
or reaembliiig the country. 
Rustic, [rusticas, L.] plain, unadorned, simple. 
Kiml life, habitition, >c«a«a, cluniu ; mtic pcnoiii 

SAFE, {lalmi*, L.] free from danger of any kind. 
Sbcurb, [securus, L.] effectuaUy guarded. 
Sqfe from the maJice of foea ; ucwe in a weU-fbrttfied place. 

SAGACITY, [sai/acilas, foresight, L.] readiueu of apprehetuion. 
Rbabon, [ratio, L.] the power bjwhich man diatinguiahes truth 
from Msehood, good from evil, or deduces infeienees from 
JuDOBMBNT, {^jugemml, F.] the detennination of the mind. 
VHDBKBTKtivino, [bam understand,] iutellectual povrera; the 
- feculw whereby we are enabled to apprehend the objects of 
Sagaiily to dbceni what muon approtes mid judgtmait dinets, shcirs ■ 
man of trnderitanilitg. 

SAQE, [sojriu, wise, L.] grave; prudent; capable of judging. 
Saoacious, [sagax, forese^og, L.] quick of thought ; acute in 

makius diacoverieB. 
Sapibnt, [sopietu, L.J wise ; discerning. 
Sage nrntroii, WunBellar ; lagaaoia head, animal, hoond ; lopioit king. 

Oheetino, {^gretan, to approach, S.^ kind address; congratula- 
tions at meeting ; compliment fimm one absent. 

Word of talult ,- the; fired a talati .- a Meodlf satstiilbm ,- there are 
variona fbmu of laiutaliiHi. " The Scribes love greilingi in the majketi." 
(Luke II. 46.) 

SANGUINARY, [*aBjii«s. blood, L.] attended with bloodshed; 
BiiOODY, [blod, S.] stained with blood ; marked witli cruelty. 
Blood-thirsty, eager to ahed blood; cruel. 

Sangiiinari/ tyrant, conflict, persecution, wan ; blaody villaiu, hand, itn- 
geance, chart ; blood-lllirttn tiga, men. 

SAP, [saptr, F.] to subvert by removing the foundation. 


Undermikb, {undo; and fnti««,] to excavate tlie earth beneath 

for the purpose of iuffieringto fall, or of btowineup. 
"Thdr dmlUoga wece x^iiwd bj Boodi." VKdermat afoidkcatiOD 
■4neiidH MOO the fnnndBtiniu nf mfiTAlitv. and mdemuM the haDDJ 

"Thdr dmlUiiga wece x^iiwd bj Boodi." (iiidtniHM a loituicatiOD. Bad 
plliwiidei (op the fonadatiau of moiality, and mda-miae the happinea* irf' 

SATISFY, [mfiffado, L.] to please to Buch a degree u that no- 
thing more is desired. 
Pliabb, [plocM, L.] to excit« agreeable emotioiu. 
Gbatipy, Ij/ratijieor, to make agreeable, L.] to deUghtj to in- 
"A good mui shall be latiffitd from himself." (Prov. xtr. U.) — To be 
graiifitd is to be pleated In a high degree. 

SATISFY, [satu. enough, /omo, to make, L.] to suppl; to the fiilt 
extent of desire. 

Satiate, [tatio, to atuff,} to fill b^ond natural desire. 

Glut, [^glulio, to swallow, L.] to feast or delight to eicesi. 

Cloy, lo fill to loathing or disgust ; tosurfeit. 

We sliDuld eat oatU nature b sati^a, but ve should not latiate and jtIbI 
am appedtei until we ue cloi/ed, for that would produce disgust and disMse. 

SAVE, [tairo, L.] to keep in securitjr. 

Spark, [spimait, S.J to forbear to in&ict or impose. 

Prebsrvb, \_prceservo, L.] to defend from any evil. 

Protbct, i^proleffo, L.] to cover from evil ; to shield. 

" God »ow the long;" itartd from pmshiug ; jpored from pnn , 

lives spared; pratrved from min or deatractiou ; proteettd bitta injorf , 

SCARCITY, [icarz, ahoH, Arm.] smalliieas of quantity; want; 
Deed J penury. 
Dearth, [deorth, S.] famine; deflcienCT which makes food dear. 

Scardij/ ot mooej ; dtarlh at food, at com, Ot atviB. 

SCHISMATIC, [tchuma, division, L.] one who separates from a 

religious fiuth. 
Herbtic, [airetikos, Gr.j] one who propagates opinions contraiy 

to the standard of faith, or rule of practice. 
Sectarian, [seetariut, !>.] one who joins a sect or religious 

Dibsbntbb, one who refuses the communion of an established 

NON-coNFDRuiBT, [^coTiformo, to make like, L.] one whose fiuth 

and conscience will not permit him to conibnu to the usages 

of an established worship. 

SeUtJitalit in dlsdpUne and practice ; htrtlit In doctrine ; ncfunoii in 

piindple or pre>udjces ; distenter in opinion ; HOii-cin\formiai in ritaa aad 

modes of wonhip. PnMestaat dmaUtr i Biitish iio<t-c<n|^<)mtt(. 

SCHOLAR, [teMaris, L.] one who reeerres 

Disciple, [diteipuliu, a lewiter, L.] a foUoireT ; ■ 

the doctrinea of another. 
Scholar of s tetcber, or muter ; diieiple of ■ leader la phlkwophy, reli. 

SCHOOL, [schola, leirare, L.] b place of initructioD or literary 


Academy, fakademia, Qt."] a place where the wti and udeQces 

are taught ; a tocKty m' men uniting for the promotioa of 


SeliBol for the rudunents of learnliig ; aiadcmy lot tbe higher branchei of 

SCOFF, [sktyto, Gr.] to treat with inioleiit ridicnle, mockei;, or 
Gibe, [gabban, S.] to taunt; to deride. 
Jbbb, to make a mock of. 
Snrek, [nam, nose, L.l to show contempt by tnniiiig up the 

nose, or by a particular cast of countenance. 
It is bath weak and wicked Ut icqf at religion, to filu Its profeMon, to 
Jeer at their practicea, or to luer at thrir prii^plei. 

SCRUPLE, [tcmpubu, doubt, L.] to doubt ; to question. 

Hksitatb, [hatilo, L.] to be in suspense; to delay; to pause. 

Wavbb, [vii^n, S.] to be undetermined ; to be uncertain. 

We shonld Mcruple to say or do any thing that would Wound the feelings 
of any oat ; when we doubt the propriety of an actioa, we aught to lenqilt 
to perform it ; we should oat kailate to do our known duty, nor vcaer in a 

SEAL, [tifffl, S.] an instrument upon which a device or inscriiition 

is engraved ; also tbe impression in wax fixed upon a letter 

ai security, oi on a deed in confirmation, or to evidence 


Stamp, [atampa, L.] any instrument for making impressions ; a 

mark imprinted. 
Tbe great leai ot Engbutd ; be affiled bis ual i the privy hoI ; tlie ifamp 

SEAMAN, \$ta, and man,] one who ii versed in tbe art of 

Watbrhan, [uiffrmton, S.] afenyman; a boatman; one 

manages water-craft. 
Sailor, [stgel, a lait, S.] a man whose occupation is to 

in the management of ships at sea. 
Mariner, [mare, the sea, L,] one who navigates a ship. 
AsldlAd aamani toaitrman for the river, cans], &c. ; a common i 
a m(tri«er sails ia his own vessel, ot has a distingiiiahed place in a 

SECOND, [sfconiia, L.] to assist; to encourage. 


uut tupport it by a, speech, by in- 
DncDce, DT money, etc. 

SECOND, [secundua, L.] immediately following the fint. 

SecondaBt, [sectuufariiM, L.l not primBry ; subordinate. 

Infbriob, [inferior, lower, L.] of leas importance. 

A HciHul time ; the tecmd pUce ; a (woulary coosideratkiii ; iifftrier 

SECRET, [secrelia, L.] removed from sight ; not revealed. 
Hidden, [hydart, to withdraw, S.] placied out of view. 
Latent, [iatens, covered, L.] not visible or appuent. 
Occult, [pccultva, hidden from the eye, L.] undiscovered; un- 
HvsTBRious, [mysteriutit, a secret, L.] inacceasible to the on- 

deratandiog ; not revealed or eipluned. 
A ttcTtt mnsdy ; hiddm tieasure ; a latml motiTe, springs of utiiHi ; 
oemlt CMLse, quality, sdeoce ; myiierimt affitir, terma ; mi/iterums ways of 

SECULAR, [seeulam, an age, L.] not eccteiiaatical ; relating to 
the concerns of this present life ; not holy. 
Tbuporal, [tempos, time, L.] not spiritual or eternal ; limited 

by time or this state erf things. 
Worldly, [uotM, and like,'] pertaining to this world in contn- 

distinction to a future state. 
Seailar power, dutin ; lanporai affairs, reward, crown -, KorUBj/ ntate, 
honor, lus^, enjoymenCd. 

SEDULOUS, [sedeo, to sit, L.] sitting dote to an emplt^ment ; 
steadily industrious. 
Diligent, [diligens, LJ constant in application; peraevering. 

Assiduous, [assiduus, L.] constant in pursuit. 

Seifulinii application to leomlnK ; itduimu scEolar ; dUtgenl 
make diJigent inquiry ; ouufuoiK in attentioa ; onidiuwi in pen 

SEE, [leon, S,] to perceive by the eye. 

Perceivb, tpercipio, L.J to discover by some sensible effect*. 
Obhebve, {pbterro, to keep the eyes on, L.] to regard with 

Stt with the eye ; perttiet with the mind ; partdcnUrly obtene it. 

SEEM, [gembler, F.] to have the appeanmce of truth or fact. 

Appear, [appareo, L.] to be plain beyond dispute. 

To a common oburver, the heavenly bodies ttem to revolve round tike 
earth ; bnt to a more phlknophieal obaervei' it wUl dearly appear that it a 
the earth that moves, and not the sua and staia. 

SELF-WILL, [se(f, and mlla, S.] one's own wiU; obstinacy. 
Sblf-concbit, [conc^io, to devise, L.] t, high opinion of one's 
self; vanity. 


, [tt^eiens, equal, L.] exceuive coofideace 

in one'i own strength or worth. 
Sel/.will rejects all other vUIb ; letf-amteit r^ccts all otlier opinioiu but 
its ovn ; ie\f-ti^iaary nfuKB all aailataiice, adiice, and mining. 

SENSE, [smsiM, L.] moral or iDtellectottl perception. 

Judgement, [jujFemenf, F.] the power of neighing fitctiand 

comparing ideas. 
AnmnofBoond, good iniM, willbemort Ukelj tofotmacorrortjii^fninit 
an things in general. 

SENSIBLE, having moral perception; intelligetit. 

Sensitivb, \smisitKius, L.] haviiig acute perception; easily 

Sbhtient, \aaitieia, L.] basing perception and thought. 

Aicniiilc penon, dbconru, &c.'j tmiible of Idudneu, obligntlonB, in- 
juries; ienatine nature, faculty, appetite, creatuie; intfifuf plant; tm- 
tieni being. 

SENSIBLE, capable of being perceived by the mind. 

Pbsceptible, [ pa-cept&ili$, L.] iuch m may be known or 

I feel a tctutble ^fhrence ; the ditference la Karcelr peneftiiit. 

SENSUALIST, one devoted to the indulgence of the lenaei. 
Voluptuary, \valaptaarita, L.] a man given up to escessive 

and gross pleasures. 
Epicure, [epicurua, L.] one who indulges in the luxuries of the 

to tlie gratlGcBtioii of bis senses \ a ivlup- 

of his appetite. 

SENTENCE, \teatmtia, L.p a short paragraph. 
Proposition, [ttropositio, L.l any thing stated or afGrmed. 
Period, [p«nwJo«, a circuit, Gr.J a complete sentence from one 

full etop to another. 
Pbrabe, \^phrasia. Or.] an expression ; an idiomatic or peculiar 
mode of speech. 

A short (entcno ,' idaa propoMioni a well-turned peruil.- to fear the 
Lord, and depart from evil, ate pAriaa which the Scriptutes use to express 
the inm of idigion. 

SENTENCE, [saitio, to think, L.] to pronounce the judgement 

of the court. 
Doom, [deman, to judge, S.] to consign to any punishment l^ 

a decree or judgement. 
CoNDBMN, [condemno, L.] to 6nd guUty ; toacfiudge to pnnisb- 

I, &c. ; eimdimiud 
SENTIMENT, {senHo, to feel, L,] thought prompted by feeling. 


Sbhhation, [itmiio, L.J perception b; means of the lenses. 
PiRCEPTiON, Ipereepho, L.] that act of the mind which makes 
known an external object. 

A UtcIj Huluimt ; a qnick fflwadan ,• a clear ptrnpfioH. 

SEPARATE, [separo, L.] to dinmite. 

Sbvbr, [sevrer, to we«n, to deprive of. P.] to part; to force 

Disjoin, [rfu, aaunder, /un^o, to join, L.] to disunite; topart 

from each other. 
Detach, [ditacher. P.] to diaengage ; to draw away from. 
Friendg ate ttparaled i the wicked will be ottrtA frain the jnst ; s con- 
qoerlng mzmj dujaiiu mw ccmntry from another ; penons are dtlaehtd bma 
ueli part}. 

SEQUEL, [mquor, to follow, L.] succeeding part. 
Close, {cktasuf, thut, L.] eonduaion ; termination. 
The story, or worli, ii broo^t to a. cl«e .- this is not tlie eloit, as tlien ia 
■ acguil to come, then tlier« wiU be a final clore. 

i, [teries, L.] a continued mcceasion of thines in the same 
order, or bearing the same relation to each other. 

Course, [ooto, to nin, L.] a train of methodical pioceedjnga 
or initractions. 

Serlei of klngi ; itHet of a literary yioA ; ntm of lectarea, of ereata. 

SERVANT, {servio, to serve, to obev, L.] one who attenda another, 
' is subject to hii c( 

Domestic, {domua, k house, L/l one kept in the same house. 
Menial, [memie, houiehoid, NT] one who labors in servile em- 
Drudge, [dmgaire, a alsTe, Ir.] one who works hard. 

The word imani ia eorrelatlTe to master ; a domtttit is a honsehidd ser- 
vant ; a jiianai Es a low Km»J ,- a ^friff^e the lowestof all. 

SERVICE, [servitittm. L.] labor of body or mind. 

Office, [q^cium, L.l anything voluntarily done for another. 
Sfnrift from servants and ioferiors ; kind offica from friends and equals, 

SERVITUDE, Iservitnda, L.] state of dependance. 
Slavbrv, [esclave, slave, F.] a state of absolute subjection to 

the uill of another. 
Bondage, {bond, any thing that binds, S.^ captivity ; imprison* 

ment; mvoluntwy servitude. 
Stniludt aceording to motual agreement and compact ; iltaery by com- 
pulsion i bondage is the most aggravated form of aJatxry. 

SHADE, [tcead, S.] interception of the rays of light i obscurity. 

Shadow, [seeadu, S.] the representation of a body by which the 
light is intercepted ; shade within defined limits. 

No lAof;, ali sODBblne I thuIotD of a snn-dlal. " Ltfe'sawalkingtJlaAito." 
I went under tlie tree as a ihade from the heat, and I admired its ihadeiB on 



SHAKE, [letacan, S.] to cbdu to tott«r : •■ 

TuBMBLK, [trtmo, li.] tl 

Shvddeb, [ickadden, Du.] to shiver with horror or kvenion. 

QrivBR, [Atnvereit, Du.] tobetgitated withatreniii)ou*motioD. 

QuAKB, Ictoacian, S.] to be agilMed with quick motion* or vio- 
lent convulsions. 

Shakt witb cold i the loicc Irembla, sni) the Up aioBeri vitb emotioa ; vc 
timdder tt B tale of murder ) the lava quiicr ia the breeze ; the earth giiaia ; 
«e giHute wUh fear. 

SHAKE, to put into vibrating motion ; to move irom firmneis. 
AoiTATB,j[i^/o, L.] toput in motion; to disturb. 
ToBS, [tosiaw, to jerk, W.] to throw with violence. 

Shait handa ; trees are ihalen by the irind ; he ie agilaltd ; loatd by the 
waves, on the billows of fortime. RcsolntioD* are shaien ,- the feelings 

SHINE, [(rinoit, S.] to give a tteBd;^ light. 

Glitter, [ gUteran, $.] to exhibit lustre. 

Glabe, [ glaeren, Du.] to shine with a dazzling light. 

Sparklb, UparUlen, Du.] to emit sparks or bubbles. 

Radiatb, [radio, to beam, L.] to issue in rays ; to dart. 

The eon lUno ,- diamonds ghtltr / lightning floret ; fire tparila .- light 
rodiofo from Inminous bodies. Wine iporjblu in the ^ass. - 

SHOCK, \choc, a strikiti^ agunst, F.] violent collision. 

Comcubsion, ^mmcusno, sbakin);, L.] the act of shaking by the 
impulse of another body. 

A sudden thoeki a dreadful eonctution,- ihock of an eattbqoake ; cfnciunm 
of carriages. 

o make it fly 

._.. . _._ __rth. 

Dart, [dard, an arrow. P.] to emit ; to fly rapidly ; to spnng or 

run with velocity. 
Shoot a ball from a gun, an arrow from a bow ; a nasp shooli forth Its 
sting ; tbe son dorft his beams on the earth i he iarttd forth to meet the foe. 

Bbikp, [frreifis, L.] few in words) contracted. 

Concisb, [concinu, cut off, L.] broken into small peiiods. 

Succinct, \sitcrmcttis, girded up, L.] compressed mto a narrow 

Summary, {tommaire, F.] short, compendious, condensed. 
A thort staff 1 thort life ; a ilari essay ; briff disconrae ; cobbm style, 
'' --'--■---- . ^ ninmory mode c^ pm^eding ; nmnury process. 

^ o present to the view or notice. 
JT, [jpwngo, to (nick, L.] to direct toward an object ; 
3W With the finger. 


Exhibit, [tsehibto, LJ to manifest ; to offer pubbcly. 

DiaPLAV, [delayer, F.] to unfold to the sight or mind. 

Shaa > person s picture, and point oat its particiuar besntlea ; tfuno him 
yoor gardcD, and poinl mil the ranst herbs and dowera ; srktWf your skUl, 
and disptny }Oiir ttleats (or laudable porposee, aad not for oatentation. 

SHOW, something publicly offered to view for money. 

Exhibition, ^xhibitio, L.] the act of exhibiting ; public display. 
Reprehbntation, [rgjr&eala/ioit, F.] an exhibition by resem- 

SiGHT, [ gesiht, S.] any thing to be seen. 

Spbctaclb, [spectacalum, a ehovr, L.] any thing presented to 

the view aa eminectlv remarkable. 
A thmc of wild bessta ; an exhibition of pictoi-es, of feats of horsemanship, 
&c. ; a map i> a repretnttofioa of the world ; a pleasing li^U i a gbockiuff 

SHOW, Buperlicial appearance. 

Outbids, \oat, and side^ external part. 

Appearance, \_appaTeo, t« appear, L.] eshibitioii. 

Semblance, [saMlance, F.J apparent Uceneis. 

M^ outside and show ; there vas a irat appeariacet bat no reality ; a 
mere ttmblaace of frleadstaip, naworth; of any eoafldenee. 

SHOW, pompous display. 

Pakade, Iparade, F.J procession ; array. 

OaTBNTATiON, [ostentulio, L.] vain, ambitions display. 

Shoa of finery ; parade of equipage, royalty ; otltlUatiim of learning, 

SICK, Iseoc, S.l afflicted with disease or nausea. 

Sickly, not healthy; habitually imliaposed. 

DisEABBo, [dis, and ealh, rest, S.] affected by any disorder. 

MoBBiD, [morbidus, L.] notsoundj in s state' contrary to health. 

He WHS sick, bat is now veil ; he is of a liekly constitution, and is seldom 
well; bis lungs are diieatedi morbid action of the flnids, vessels, nerrea. 
tu. Sick of work 1 sick of the world. Diseased mind ; morbid sensibility. 

SICKNESS, state of beine diseased. 
Illnesb, [from tIZ,] malady; disease. 
Indisposition, Imdisposition, F.] defect of healthy actioa io 

the fiinctions of the body ; tendency to sickness. 
lllatss is some particnlar Itind of sickness ; indisposilion is ■ slight tllnat. 

SIGN, [signutn, L.} a token of any thing; a visible mark. 
SiONAL, a sign that gives, or is ioteuded to give, notice. 
Words are signs of ideas ; we converae by these sijpa with those who arc 

mnnicateour ideas by n^nab. A motion of the hand, the reising of aflaf^, 
SIGN.IL, distii^uished from what is ordinary ; remarkable. 


SIGNIFICANT, [tignyicaiu. L.] ezpreiBiTe of Bomethiag beyona 
the eztemal mark. 
ExPRKSStvE, having the power of representing with force; em- 

A tifiuficani look, apieaniia, ccrcmonj ; an expramt cauotenaiice ; tx- 
preame language.. 

SIGNIFICATION, Isigitificatio, L.] meaning expressed by a sign 

MsANiNG, [firnm mean,] the thing undentood or exieting iu the 

Import, [imporlo, to bear on, L.] tendency; that which ii borne 

or conveyed. 
Sbnbb, [sCTisiw, L.] mind espreased ; intention. 
Sigmficatimi of nonU ; eiploin jour mmniiijt ; impart of terms ; the lemt 

SIGNIFY, \tigmJko, L.] to mean ; to contain a certain sense. 

luPLY, [tmplico, L.] to involve ; to comprise aa a consequence. 

When a word is used fiawotivelj, it Is frequently made to imply much 
more than it lign^ia literaU; . 

SILENCE, IsOentium, L.] forbearauce of speech or noise. 
Taciturnity, [ladtamitas, L.] habitual silence and n 

, ; speaking ; not inclined to talk. 

Dumb, [dun^, S J unable to utter articulate gounda. 
MUTB,[nu(tiM, L.J silent; not vocal; uttering no sound. 
Spebchlbss, destitute or deprived of the power of speaking. 

A lilent eompanion ; dtcnA cieBtntes ; stmek damb ; dumb amiizeineiit. 
" Jfufe solemn HiiTOw, free ftom fCmale noise, 

Such as the m^eatjr of grief destroys." — {Drj/dni.) 
" SjvecUeM wltli iroDder, and half dead viUi fear." 

SIMILE, [simile, L.] a rhetorical figure by which any thing is 
illustrated or aggrandized. 

SlHiLITUDB, [*imiftft(rfo, L.l likeness in nature or quality. 

CoHPARisoN, [comparatio, L.] resemblance ; illustration. 

" The eloqneace u Demosthenes was like a rapid torrent," is a sJim'Ze. 
Tasso, in Us limitUuda, never departed from the voods ; that is, all his 
flHBparuDiit were taken from the country." — [Dn/den.) 

SIMPLE, [sira, for sine, without, plica, fold, L.] consisting of one 
thing { uncompounded ; uncombined. 
Single, [singulus, L.] alone; having no companion. 



SIMPLE, [nniplex, L.] artlewi weak in intellect. 

Silly, [imalcon, to be dull, S.l deficient in sense or judgement. 

Foolish, [fol, F.] void of undeistaiiding or judgeneot. 

" The ainpftf bdieveth eveir vord.bat the pruikat jum iMiketh veil to hia 
gtnog." (ProT. iiT. IS.)— 31% perBODS, children, thonghts, behmior ifoaHth 
□Id man, candaet, errors. 

SIMULATION, Isimulalio, L.] false pretension. 
DiSBiuULATiON, (dissimjUalio, L.J hiding under a false appear- 

SINCERE, rwnenTW,* L.] real; unfeigned; pure. 

HoNBHT, [AonesfM, L.] upright; fair in dealing. 

True, [treow, S,] genuine; conformable to fact. 

Plain, Iplanas, L.] honestly rough ; simple in language. 

Sinetre friend ; himtii tiadesmao, heart ; imt meo ; trot sajinB ; pMa 
Konat eountryoun ; plain pious Chiiatian. Hanai coofesmon ; plan speech. 

SITUATION, [situs, L.] location with respect to something else. 
Condition, [conditio, L.l external circumatancea. 
State, [status, standing, L.] circumatancea of nature or fortune. 
Pliout, [plicatus, foii&d, L.] involved or diatresaed state. 
0a3B, [casus, L.] outward circumatanees, 
Situaliim in lift ; s plusaat situatiim, or uapleaaant. 

Bliss ia the wnne in suhj'eit as in king."— (Pap*,) 

" They in XovMat pUght repentant stood 
Praying."— (Mi«m.) 
Particular foac ,' alameated «ue.- a cow of compassion ; he pitied th^ rose. 

SIZE, [assise, F.] comparative magnitude. 

Magnitude, [magrtitudo, L.] greatness; grandeur. 

Grkatnbsb, laratnesa ; enteiit ; high degree. 

Bulk, [bvtlg, W7] great mais or dimensiona. 

A large, or small sixe ; stois of different magntudts ; an a^ir of magmi- 
tudt; grcitnai of mind j grealneit of God ; bulk of an uurnnl, or ship. 

SKETCH, [sckizzo. It.] a rougb or incomplete draught ; a first 

Outline, [out, and line,] line bj wliich any figure ia defined. 
Dblinbation, [delineatio, L.l representation or design. 
A hasty ikttch i an accniate deliiwdnaB ,• an oiilluie of the plan. 
SKIN, [sein, S.] the natural covering of the flesh. 

Hide, [hyd, S.] the akin of an animal, either raw or dressed. 

* Sinetrut was an epithet applied b] 
jtiM eerd, " wiOiontwaxj" the present 

Peel, [pella, L/| the bark of any &uit or vegetable. 
RtND, [hrvtd, SJ bark, hiuk, outei covering. 

SLA.CK, lilac, 8.] not teoM ; not finnlj extended. 
Loose, [liii, D.j not fait; not fixed. 
Slack rope ; loau garment. Slack devotion, zeal ; lent priodple*, style, 

SLEEP, [ilapattf S.] to take rest by suapenaion of the voluntary 
eseraje of the mental and bodily powers. 

Slumbbb, [tlumerian, S.] to sleep lightly or softly. 

DozB, [dwas, dull, S,] to be half asleep. 

Nap, [knappiatt, S.] to take a short Bleep. 

Night is the proper Hme for ilap ; " He that teeocth Israel shall neither 
ilantSer nor ilttp," (Psalm ciii.) — We should not aozt over our work. Old 
people lometUues take a nap after dinner. 

SLEEPY, disposed to sleep. 

Dbowhv, idrooten, to sleep imperfectly, B.] heavy ; dull. 

Lrtharcic, [kthe, oblivion, argos, idle, Gr.] sleejiy by disease. 

Slttps after the labors and bnstaeas of the day; drowsy atitrnfiiii meal. — 
When a person is attacked with a Uthargic tUepinat, he must guard against 

Slide, tsfiiaii, S.] to pass along smoothly; 

suTMce without stepping. 
Glidb, [glidaa, S.] to move silently and smoothly along. 
His fcet ihppedi ideas ifip from the memory ; time ilipt away. 
" He that once Bins, like him that tlidri on ice, 
Goes awiftlj down the slippery ways of vice ; 
Though consricnce checks hiiD, yet those rabg gone o'er, 
He tHda on amootWy, and looks hack no more,"— (ZJrydm.) 
FSshesjiufethrongh the waters; vessels jJide aloog the water; the river 
glidei along the channel ; some persons glidt through life with ease. 

SLOW, \»law, S.] moving a small distance in a long time. 

Dilatory, [dilafo, to dran out, to extend, L.J making delay; 
procrasti natii^. 

Tasdv, \tardas, L.l late ; not in leason. 

TcDious, [(«(Iiam,L.] wearisome; tiresome from continuance. 

Sloa at learning, work; dilatoTy in commendug ; tardy In execution, 
payment \ tardy proceedings ; tediovt coarse, writer, way, discourse. 

SMELL, the power or quality of affecting the nose. 

Scent, [tmtio, to perceive, L.] that substance which issuing 

from a body affects the olfactory nerves. 
Odor, [oifor, L.j agreeable or offensive scent. 
FsAGRANCB, Ifraffrantia, L.] pleasing scent ; gratefiil odor. 



Pbrfuue, \_parfiim. P.] volatik paiticlei emitted bom iwcet- 

smelling substances. 
Alt liviog things are sapposed to posHss imeli ; some animals, puticularhr 
dogs, possess B peculiar tcerd. —Most objects in nature have tlieii peculiar, 
•iiulii, and some emit strong leatts ; o4or is generally au utificial tceni .- 
perfttrnt is a pleasant tnell, spreading itself quickly over a loi^ space ; fra. 
griBKt is a rich per/vne. 

SNEAKING, [micon, to creep, S.] cree^ng away slily; itealing 

GnoucuiNG, \knecheR, to crawl, G.] oerrilely beading. 
Sbrvilb, [aervilis, L.] slavish j meanly gubmissive. 
UsBaauiouB, obedieot; compliant to excess; not reaistiiiK- 
Sataking flatterer ; crmcMng temper j scniiit talents ; olaeqaiova la be- 

SOAK, [«ac>an, S.J toirettlionnighly; to cause to lie in a fluid till 
moisture is imbibed. 

Drench, [drmcean, S.] to wash ; to cover with water. 

Steep, [stippen, Du.j to dip; to macerate; to imbue. 

The earth ia toaked witt heayy tain ; we are dmitS«f In a shower. Wheat 
is iteeped in brine to prevent the smnt. — The senses are said to be iliepnl in 

SOCIAL, [socM/tt, L.] disposed to mix in Mendly coDTerae ; com- 
SooiABLB, \so<^ainUs, L.] &iendlv, familiar, conversable. 

Social viitues ; tociabU qualities ; tocu) Mends ; toeiiAU dispodtions. 

SOCIETY, [sodttas, L.] luian of many in one general intereat at 

CouPANY, \cotBpagn\f, F.] an assembly of pleasure ; penont 

united in a joint trade or partnership ; a body corporate. 
Friiate and public locietia : Somlg of Arts t Hiuoone Soeulg i Rofsl 
Sociily^^'V/t sa; a person is either fond of sociely, or fond of tompoHt/ ; a 
cprnpaxg of players j East IniUa Con^ny ; Company of Stationers. 

SOIL, [solum, that which sustains or bears any thing on it, L,'] 
earth, considered with relation to its vegetable qualities. 

Earth, [eorth, S.l the particles which compose-the masa of the 
globe; mould. 

Gboumo, [gnmd, bottom, S.] a portion of the surface of the 

SOLICITATION, [tolictfofio, a moving to do a thing, L.] earnest 
Importunity, {in^xirttmitaa, a bearing on, L.] incessant asking. 

Bolicitation of a friend ; imporivniiy of a bcggar- 
SOLITARY, [sotitaTius, atone, L.] standing alone; individual. 
SoLB, [mollis, only, L.J being or actiog without another. 



Qnly, [letiiic, onelike, S.] this aod no other. 
SlNGLB, [^linguhu, by itaelf, L.] not double; consiBting of one. 
A wlilary ugument, act ; the sate caiue j tha only meaua ; a lingli iheet. 

80L1T ARY,[fo2t((iHu«, without company, private, L.]retiredilonel;. 
Debest, \aesartu3, fonaken, L,] uninhabited ; uncultivated. 
Desolatb, [detotatui, hud vnut«, L.] without society oi in- 
A lolitary dvelling ; a dacrl island ; daolale conatiy. 

SOLTE, [solvo, to loosen, L.] to explun; to aepanite the parts of 
B. complicated question. 
Resolve, [resolvo, L.] to unravd ; to clear up ;' to remove ob- 

Soict problenu, doubt* t raobii dlffinJHei, qnotiona ia moral science. 

SOON, itona, S.] in a thort time ; without delay. 
Early, [or, before, S.} in advauce of something else. 
BsTiMKS, [by, and lime.J seasonablji in good season. 
" He who is mww angf J denleth fuollBhly.'' {Prov. xiv, 17,) I atBll ioob 

hurl at bring alighted or neglected. 

SOUL, [soroel, S.] the spiritual, rational, and immortal principle 

Mind, igeimnd, S,] the intellectual or intelligent power; the 

power that conceives, judges, or reasons. 
The distiaction between theae tno waids I9, that toul is nsed in Uke active 
sense, aai mind in the passive ; the iml acts ; the ntmf receives. 

SPACE, [^afium, L.ltheinterval between objects; local estendon. 

Room, [rum, S.] place unoccupied ; extent of place. 

Infioile space, room ia a portion M spaen room in a church, market- 
place. — Room for Improvemeat. 

SPEAK, [spiecan,S.]to Utter articulate sounds; to eiprees thought* 
bv words ; to pEOnounce ; to declare. 
Say, [stegan, S,] to utter in words. 
Tell, {lellaa, to count, S.] to communicate to others ; to uar- 

1 ttli the tmtb, the leasons, the whole atory. 
L 2 


SPEAK, [tpacaa, S.] to express thoughta or opinioiui. ^ 

Talk, [toUxr, to explain, D,] to epeiik fluently and famili&iiy. 

CoNVBRSB, [converaor, to be turned to, L.] to discourse funi- 
liarly upon any subject ; to conTey thoughts reciprocally. 

Discourse, [discurro, to run over, Li] to communicale ideas iu 
a formal maimer. 

Spent nith or to my persoa on bnsineeg -, numy persona lalk tor the sake 
ixttaltuig,- ^eoAa convfru ; pnccptora jfucvunr (o their pupils ; preachers 

SPECIAL, [apeeialis, L.] designed for a peculiar purpose. 

Specific, desisnatiug the properties which constitute a species. 

PARTicvh/Ljt,lpartictilans, L.] noting some jvoperty or thiag. 

Sptcia! messsge, messenger, rule, proceeding, set, care, opportunity ; jpt- 
eijic fbnn, otitnre, qoality, property, gravity ; partimlar case, instance. 

SPEND, [spmdaa, S.] to consume ; to bestow for any purpose ; to 

Exhaust, [exhaurio, to draw out, L.] to empty; to wear away 
by exertion. 

Drain, \dreahnigean, S.] to draw gradually off; to dry up. 

Expend, [exjtaido, L.] to lay out ; to dispose of. 

Waste, [amestait, S.] to diminish by gradual dissipation; to lose 
through wantoimess or neghgence. 

Dissipate, [rfissipo, L.} to spend a fortune; to scatter. 

SauANDER, [mrscAiom^, T.] to scatter lavishly; to spend 
pro&sely ; to throw away in idle prodigality, 

Spma money, a fbrhme, an estate, time, days, life. — Exhauil strength, 
resources ; the voice ia exhaaited ; provisloDS are exhaiated : drotn laud of 
water, or drain water from the lands ; bottles are said to be drained, when 
txhaiated of all their conlenta. — Large sums of money an txptnded in wars, 
in public and national works, and Che Uhe ; many persons tcasle their money, 
time, talents, &c. ; some yonng men dissipale their tortunes in unsatia^ng 
pleasures ; oihen iqaander away their property on vain and onworthy objects. 

SPIRITUOUS, Ismritus, breath, L.] refined ; pure ; ardent j active. 

Spirited, lively, vivacious ; full of spirit or fire ; animated. 

Spiritual, [spiritualis, L.J consisting of spirit; pertaining to 
the renewed nature of man. 

Ohobtly, [from ghost,'] relating to the soul ; not carnal. 

Spirituous liqoors ; a spirited horse ; a spirited translation of an author ; 
ipirilual person, function, gifts, songs, blessings ; ghoit!!/ hther, friar, 
enemy, e^. 

SPRING, [springan, to leap, S.] to break forth into sight. 
Arise, [arisan, S.] to move ui)wards. 
Proceed, \^procedo, to move forward, L.] to come as from a 

source ; to be derived. 
Issue, [issue, source, P.] to pass out of an enclosed place. 
Flow, [flewcm, S.] to run or spread as water. 


Emanate, \matio, to flow out of, L.] to iuue ftom a source. 

Water tpringt n-am the eortli % mist oriia oat of the aea i light pmcitdi 
ttoio the lamp ; smoke ima ftom the chimneji ; the tldn fioa i l^bt uid 
best CRUjufc frDm the anu. 

SPRING, to bound ; to leap ; to appear suddenly. 
Start, [sforten, Du.] to move suddenly. 

Startle, to more from a sudden impresstoaof alarmormrpme. 

Shrink, [scrincan, S.] to iall back Buddenlv aa from danger. 

" The mooataJD stag that ipn'n^i." — " He called for a light, and iprimj 
in." (Actairi. 29.)— 5/ortnith fright; j(or( tg nm a raM; a horse Jjflrtj 
foroatds ; he tiartUi at tbe soDud ; a slave )Ar>n<b before bia maatcr ; ineD 
(Arini back with fear, horror, &c. 

SPRING, an iasue of watei from the earth. 

Fountain, \_foM, L.] that from which supplies are drawn ; a 

SovRCR, [source, F.] that from which anything proceeds. 

A nuiaina: iprmq / a crystal /ourtfoin ; the lourtc of a rWcr. Springa of 
life ; " Aliutgbty God, the/ountaia of all goodness ; thou ut tbe source at 
all onr blessings-" 

SPRINKLE, [jprenjoB, S.l to scatter in drops or particles. 
Bedew, \bt, and deavi, S.] to moisten gently. 
Sprintltd nitb water, salt i btdactd with moisture ) cheeks btdtteed with 

SPROUT, Ispryttan, S.] to shoot ; to germinate. 
Bud, [botar, to push, 8,] to put forth youj)g germs or bloom. 
Btaaches tproat from the stem ; plants iprotii from the groaad ; Doners 
bill forth. 

" Hence tprouting plants enrich the plda and wood ; 
■■-- "^ -.icsome, and some designed for fixtd." — (Blaekmore.) 
.... ... . ^tbsri in a day."— (Orjdeii.) 

SPURIOUS, [spuritu, L.] not genuine; not legitimate. 

Supposititious, [simioiitititts, L.] put by a trick into the 

place or. character belonging to another. 
CouNTBHPBiT, made in imitation of something else with a view 

to defraud ; foived. 
Spwioia ofepring, writmg ; au^atiiiUoia child, treaty ; coiater/eit coin, 

SPURT, [ntryffoR, S.] to fly out in a ^uick stream. 
Spout, [apylm, Du.] to pour out with Tiolence. 
Blood ipurtt from a wound ; water tpmtts from a pipe, from a spring. 

STAFF, Utaf, S.l anything that upholds or supports. 

Stay, latear, P.] something to hold up or prevent from falling. 

Prop, [projjpe, Du.Tthat on which any thing rests. 

Support, [sttpporf, F.] sustaining power. 

Bresdia the ifajf of life. "Tbe obedieoce of creatures to tbe lav of nature 
Is the slay of the whole world." A pillar is a prop to a building. " Tbe boy 
was tbe very ttaff otwf age;" hope b the njiporf of the mind under trouble. 

ir physic sc 
le flower th 


246 BTAQOEB 8T1B. 

STAFF, Biiytliing curied for support or de&Dce. 
Stick, [aticca, S.] a piece of wood long and slender. 
Crutch, [cHcw, S.] a support used by cripples. 
Staff to lesn an ; ttUt to vilk vith ; cntcit to mpport the lame. " Thj 
rod and thj t(qf, they comfbit me." {Pa. inii.) 

STAGGER, [staggfren, Thi.] not to stand or walk steadily. 

Hbel, [roUen, Du.] to incline in walking fint to one side and 
then to the other. 

TuTTER, [toateren, Du.] to shake so as to threaten a fall. 

He slaggtr^ with the blow ; dnuken men rttl: childrea sad old men 
totter i a maa^a resolotioD ffn^^n ,- ttpenoa's^thtioffgeri; tkiaSMtaloi- 
tcrl to ita fall. 

STAIN, [ystaeniau!, W.] to impresa with colored ^urea; to taint; 
to discolor. 

Soil, [s«Ian, S.] to make dirty on the surface. 

Sully, [soHiHer, FJ to defile ; to dirt ; to darken. 

Tahnibh, [jenitr, F.] to diminiab lustre; to make dull. 

Walls are stained: glass u itdiKil .- ttianrd with blood; books, linen, 
get soiitd ! laltied with smoke ; a bright glase ie tulliid b; the bitatb ; brigbt 
metals become f antii Aed. Character is itaUud ; honor is tuUiid ; glory ia 

STAND,rs(andan, S.] not tofiow; not to proceed. 

Stoh, [stoppen, Du.] to cease to go forward. 

Rest, [reslan, S.] to be without motion; to be still. 

Stagnate, {slagno, L.] to Ue motionlesa ; to have no coune. 

Water tiandi in marsh; grounds till it itagaalei .- on a jomney we atttp and 
rat : we rat from labor j buuneai itandM still ; an affair rati UDsetUed ; 
trade ilasnalea. 

STATE, [statM, L] the community ; the body poUtic. 

Realm, [royaume, P.] royal jurisdiction ; extent of government. 

Commonwealth, [common, and wea/, or ti>eaJ/A,J the genoral 

body of the people ; a free state ; a repreaentatiTe govern- 

STIFLE, l^touffer, F.] to withhold from escaping. 

SuppBESS, [nijipHmo, L.] to hinder &om transpiring or spread- 

Smother, [imoran, S.] to conceal ; to extinguish. 

SliJIr rescntttient ; nippreij anger i vice can not be tuppratfd by antho- 
rity ; transBctioDB are BomctimeB moiitrtd to keep them&om the knoidedge 
of the public. 

STIR, Istyrian, SH to be in motion; 
), L.]to ■ 

Move, [moDto, L.] to change place or posture. 



STOCK, [itoe, S.] capital ; fund ; roods employed. 

Store, [ifor, S.J > stock accumulBted ; a lupply hoarded. 
Stock ia trade, <^ goods ; linre of gnin. Slock of knowledge ; ttfirt of 

STOET, UtoT, S.l a trifling tale ; 
Talk, [taU, S.] oral relation ; i 

k itarg U cither true or (dgned ; i 

a petty flctioD. 
aeries of adventurei. 

talt Is genenU; coaild 

STRAIN, [stringo, to «tretcb, L.] injury by excessive exertion. 
SpBAiN, [tprenger, to burst or crack, Dj excessive extenuou of 

the ligaments without dislocation of the joints. 
SIrabi of a nerve, artery, &c. ; jprain of an aakle, wrist, &e. 

STRAIGHT, [itrac, S.] not deviating or crooked. 
RiQHT, [rihl, S.] according to rule, &ct, or truth. 
Direct, [directus, L.} not circuitous; not ambiguoui. 
&. itraighl road ; a/^U si^, idea, opinioD ; direet means, words, answer. 

STRAIT, [sfrac, S.] close, not wide. 

Narsow, [neara, S.] not broad; of confined views; scruti- 

" Enter jfc ia at the ilraU gate, — norpoioig the way which leadcth unto 
lifb." (Matt. vii. 13, 1*.) — A iWat/ river; nomno mind, lieart, nnderstaad- 
higi search, inspcctioa. 

STRANGER, [Granger, F.] unknown or unacqnaintetl. 

FoREiONEB, [/oris, from abroad, L.] a man that comes ftota or 
belongs to another country. 

Alien, [lUienus, L.] not a denizen or native. 

A persoa mar ^ a itrangfr to lu wtio is one of Onr own coantrjr ; a 
foragner is ot another uation ; an aKn is not entitled to the privileges o( 

STREAM, [stream, S.] a liquid substance flowii^ in a course. 
Current, [curreiM, runnuw, L.] a prc^p^ssive motion. 
TiDB, \tyd, time, event, S.J course; flow occurring at regulat 

A cvXTtn-t is a mnniae ttrtam .- a Hit is a periodical sfrram. Striata of 
light; fuiirfltl of air. Sfrtam of eloquencf ; mrmfofjoy; (idtoffOlly. 

nit; ; excreiae indgoralea the body ; ehcerfOlness imago- 
nuti me mina. 

STRESS, \strece, violence, S.J importance ; pressure. 
Force, [/orve, F.J strength ; momentum ; quanti^ of power. 

Strain, [sirmgo, to stretch, L.] a violent effort. 

Ehphabik, [em, for ei>, in, pAao, to epe»k, Gr.] siguificaiitorim- 

preisive utterance. 
AccEN r, [accsTitus, L.} stress of tlie voice on a syllable. 
A straia is na extreme slrai. la resdiag there must be a proper /orct of 
the voice ioid on syllables that haTe the accent on them, and on words aad 

STRICT, [slrictus, strained, L.} observing exact rules. 

Severe, [sraents, L.] sharp ; rigorous; Riving no indulgence. 
Strict discipline ; wctre piiniaiuaeatT justiee, criUci^m. 

STYLE, [sti/lus, L.] manner of writing with regard to language ; 
mode of painting. 
Manner, [maai^e, f.] peculiar way, method. 

Johoaon eultlTated Eai^u'a stale, but he caiurht Rrown^a vuouur nf ei- 

SUAVITY, [mavitas, L,] softness of temper ; siveetness of a 

UaBANlTV, [urbanitas, L.] courtesy ; politeness of manna 
Suaali/ a nsttiral ; urbanity u acqiured hj aasociatiBg mth wd 

EicposBD, [expono, to place out, L,] laid open ; unprotected. 
Obnoxious, [obnoxius, L.] subject to cc^niiance or punishment. 

" All human thiu^ are subject Co decay. 

And when fet* Biunmons, mooaicha mustobey." — (ftyden.) 
" But what is strength without a doable share 

Of wisdom ? vast, unwieldy, burdensome. 

Proudly se ......... 

" To laatinc toil exptied, Bud endless cares. 

To open dangers, and to secret eoana." — (Prior.) 
iw ourselves Dliaojrtou] to God's severe iustlce.'.' — ICoIoi 

By weakest subtleties."— (Miljoa.) 

„ !rs, and to seen 
"We know ourselves Dliaoniu] to God's severe justice.'.' — (Colomy.) 

SUBJECT, Uving under the dominion of another. 

SUBoRUiNATK, [sub. Under, ordo, order, L.] inferior in nature, 

dignity, power, or consequence. 
Inferior, [in/«rtor, lower, L.] of lesi importance, 

Subservient, {mbsemims, L.] usefiil as an instrument. 

Children must be subject to their parents, servants to their masteia. Per- 
sans of inferitir talents must be eouteot to act in a tuiordaiate capadt) ; but 
they must QOt be lubservial to the base purposes of any one. 

SUBJECT, [subjido, to bring under, L.] to reduce to aubmiaaion i 
to make subordinate. 

Subjugate, [sab, anijitgo, to yoke, L.] to bring imder domi- 
nion by force. 

Subdue, [subdo,to put under, L.] to reduce undero new dominion. 

To subdue a foe, au enemy, a nation, is to subject them to a permaiteDt 
authority ; to lubjupati is to reduce to a more tyrannical or arbitrary sway. 


BUBST A NTI Alf — 8 U RRO V K D . 

SUBSTANTIAL, [MAttoRfta, nutter, from lufrtfo, to eiut by it- 
self, L.] belDDsmg to lubstance ; true ; lolid. 
D, [soMia, LJ teal i lound ; not empty or folkcioua. 

SUCCESSION, [«ucMs«o, L.] a course of thing* or penons fol- 
lowing one another. 

SBBieB, [series, L.] course of thing* in the seme order, or beaiin); 
the same relation to each other. 

Order, [ordo, L.] method; regular disposition. 

Saccaiien at prioeea, Ideal j tcriei of lectorcB, eiperimenti i order of 

SUCCESSIVE, [*»CM<»nu, L.] following in order, or uninter- 
rupted course. 
AiiTRRNATB, {altenus, L.] being b; tuma ; one ifter another. 

" God hath act 
Labour and re>t, u day and night, to men 
Suceatat hours Imply erery hour in regular aoeeesdOD ; altimale, everjr 
other hour. " And bid allenati paaaioa* &iU*od rl»e I" (Pope.) 

SUFFOCATE, \mfoco, L.] to kill by stopping respiration. 

Stifle, [ilouffer, F.] to oppress by closeness of air. 

SuoTHBR, [smoran, S.] to eitinguuh life. 

Choke, [aceocan, S.] to stop up a passage. 

Suffotated and stifled b; smoke, lapor, sx. \ smotktrtd by eiclDding the 
air, ukd by close coverings ; cho^Aj vith food ; achaiuiells cAotedby atones 
and sand. 

SUPERFICIAL, [from »ttperfieiesi\ contrived to cover something ; 
not penetrating, profound, or learned. 
Shallow, [«cyl^, shelf, S,] having bttle depth ; empty; silly; 

Fliusy, [f^nui, W.] weak 1 feeble; slight; vain. 
Supet^dat parts of the earth ; thailotD water ; JUmsy cloth, covering. 5a- 
jwrfMoJ knowledge, acquaintance ; lAalioio underatancUng, discourse ; fliBuy 

SURFACE, [n<r, upoa,/aM, face. P.] outside. 

SuPBRFiciRB, [super, upon, /ocies, &ce, L.3 the exterior part, 

having length and breadth. 
Even, rough sur/ate ; plane tupeijicia, Supeijkies is the sdcniific tenn 

to block up; to embrace. 
Environ, [Mtiiranner, F.] to ii 



Encibclb, [circuh, L.] to' enclose in a ring. 

Sarromvltd by italh ; encompaiicd b; ha Invftding aimj ; eneirtled by 
trees. Surrounded by friends, enemiH ; encompatsed by daug^n. 
" Pwlic fields tntompaa me aroimd. 
And still I s«em to tc«sd on classic gronud." — {Addiion.) 

SUSPICION, {suspicio, to mistrust, L.] imBgination of somethiog 
iU without proof, or upon slight evidence. 
Jbalousv, IJalousie, F.] uneasiness anMng from fear of a rival. 

Suspicion is the DSspriog oljtalinay. 

SUSTAIN, [siutineo, to bold under, L.] to keep from falling ; to 
endure ; to uphold. 

Support, [su^orto, L.] to prop ; to bear up. 

Maintain, [moaiw, band, team, to hold, L.j to preserve. 

Sailain a load ; support ■ bntdeu ; Bumlaiii s contest. Ssilain an attack, 
a loss, an injury ; tupporl ourselves under mialbrtaues ; nuu'ain bonor, 
cbaracter, credit. 

SYMMETRY, [sym, for am, with, metron, meature, Gr.] harmony j 
conformity ; agreement of ports with the whole. 
Pbopobtion, l^proporlio, L.] adaptation of one to another. 
SjHnmrfry of features ; proporiiim otlimbs, Bti. 

^^ And in tlie iymmelry of whose puts is found 

A power, like that of harroony in sound." — {Wailer.) 


SYSTEM, [run, with, istemi, to stand, Gr.] a scheme which i«- 
dnces many thii^s to regular dependtiace or co-operation. 
Mbthod, [meta, beyond, odoa, way. Or.] convenient order; 

suitable arrangement. 
In sdence we must have regard to sgiltmi in business nefAod is in^- 

TAKE, [tacan, S.J to lav hold of ; to i, 

Rgcbivb, [recipeo, L.] to take as a thing offered or sent. 

AccBPT, [accCTifo, L,] to receive favorably, or kindly. 
We late a book from the library, an apple from . the tree ; the thief Inlet 
our property ; we rtcdne a letter, a parcel, a gift, a favor, a debt ; occqit a 

TALKATIVENESS, Italka, to expUtn or interpret, Sw.] the prac- 
tice of speaking much in conversation. 
Loquacity, [joguadf iw, L.] the habit of talking continnall; or 


TABTE— TAX. 261 

Garbulitt, (garruHtiu, pratiog, L.] babbling ; tittling. 

" We call this laSiitivtiun a AJmlnliM vice ; but be that shall npprapiiaU 
legaaeiii) to women, ilull BometUnes Deed to UkM Diogenes'i caudle to >eek 
aman," "Somevlcea of speech moat caiefall]r be avol£d ; Antof sU, loqua- 
citi/." {Sag.) — OamHti/a one otthe holti of old age. 

TAST&, [taaltr, to touch, N.] the setue by which the reluh of vav 
thing on the palate ii perceiveit j quality of the object which 

affecta the oi^sna of taste. 
Flavor, [jtnrer, to smell, F.] power of affecting the taate. 
Rblisu, the effect of any thing on the palate; it is commooly 

used of a pleasing taste, 
Savor, {saveuT, F.] something that perceptibly affects the or- 
gans of taate and smell ; something acceptable. 
There are a great variety of tasltt to aolt all palaUi ; some things have a 
uaDseoiu i<ute, others have an agreeable jtocor.- Jlawr is the Datural latU of 
a thing ; reiith \a prodneed by art ; sauce Is made to give a retith to other 
tMnga ; taror dedgoates smell ai well as laite ,- tndt of good loiw ,- sweet 
smemng lavor. " Saair of tiie knowledge of Christ." " We are nnto God a 
sweet laoor of Christ— •oiwr of death— lowr of life." (3 Cor. ii. U, 13, 16.) 
A. reliih foi books, socdety, the arts, Shi. 

TASTE, sensibility ; perception ; intellectual relish ; capacity of 
deriving pleasure m>m an object. 
Oenivh, [gennao, to beget. Or.] natural talent; diapoaition 

towards any particular object or pursuit. 
Taitt for music, paiating, Sic. ; jnuw toi poetry, &c. Bnt there is a nice 
distinctlan to be otMerred in ttiese terms ; faale consist in the power of dis- 
cerning beauty or M«elleuce, gtniut Id Uie power o( kiventiug and executing. 

TAX [toM, F.] a rate assessed for the use of the state. 

Ct;iTOM, [coikume, F.l tax paid for goods imported or exported. 
Doty, [dtl, owed, F.] money required by government to !» 

pud on the consumption of goods. 
Toll, Itoll, a fraction, S.] a tax paid in compensation for some 

Lberty or privilege. 
Impdbt, [imposlum, L.] a rate imposed. 
Thibdtb, Itribatum, L.] payment in acknowledgement of sub- 

CoNTRiBUTioN, [contH&uo, to impart, L.] that which is paid by 
several hands for some common purpose, 

Taxii are levied on the people in different forma for the support of the go- 
vernment. Cus/omj are paid on our exports, and imptati on our imported 
Hiticles ; but these ternu are mostly used indifferently. Oufjr haa a iimilar 
meuilng, but extends abo to the taxes paid fur home consumption -, loll is a 
tax for the repairs of roads, &o.~" Is it lawful to give tribule onto Cwsar 
or not?" (Matt. xxii. 17.)---Conquflred countriBs pay triiuti to their con- 
querors ; when an army occupies the conntry of an enemy, tbe people are 
compFlled to make large contribatioTu for ita support. There are voluntary 
tontribulioni made for charitable and laudable purposes. 

TAX, that which is required for the use of the ftate. 

Rate, [ratus, L.] > aum asseased b; authoritr for public use. 
ASSEB914ENT, [oittr, Co Ss, N.] sum charged according to the 
Talue of property. 

A tax 19 imposM b; the goieniiaeat ; a rote la laid bj tbe parish ; the m- 
itasmai ia accotdlDg (o a persan's property, or pouessioiu ) land laxi choreh 

TEASE, {lasan, to pull, S.} to distarh with importuni^ ; to irri- 
tate with assiduous impertineDce. 
Vex, [cexo, L.] to plague ; to harass ; to distress. 
TaVNT, \timtlen, to shew teeth, Du.} to reproach with 

wonb 1 to revile. 
Tantalize, [from Tontaliw,*] totormeut by the show of plea- 
sures which cannot be reached. 
ToRDENT, [tourmentgr, F.] to inflict p 
Some persons let mere trifles (eozetheni. — " J 
eiil converaslion of the wicked." (3 Peter ii, T-) 

" When I had al my pleasure taunlid her, 
She in mild terms begged my paUeoce." — (Skaisptrt.) 
Tanlalittd by false hopes, fait promises, and spedoos appearances ; Icr. 
mfnifd by grievous tiouhles, hitter paiua, cxcruiaatiiig agony. 

TEMPERAMENT, [temperamenium, L.] disposition of body i state 
with reepect to the predominance of auy quaUty. 

MATURE, [temperaluTa, L,] constitution of-aoy nature; 

te ; degree of any quality. 

itnt of animal bodies ; as the sanguine, melancholic, choleric, 
and pUegmaUc ; lemperalurc of the atmosphere, seasons of tbe weather ; 
ttmptralart of the bialn. 

TEMPORARY, [tm^mraritis, L.] lasting only for a limited time. 
Tbanrient, \_tra«siens, ^ingaway, L.] hasty ; momentary. 
Transitory, [iransitonvs, from trufu, and eo, to go, itas, 

gone, L/) without continuance ; speedily ranishing. 
Fleeting, Iflottm, to fly, S.] passing away rapidly. 

A Irwqioraiy measure, office ; a trtuateat ttt&ag, thought, <dew ; the plea- 
sures of this vorld are tTansiiory ; Dum is a traiuUory being ; time is tfitttt»f 

TENACIOUS, Itenan, holding, L.] not willing to let go. 

Pbrtinacioub, [jjeriinaa, L-l perversely resolute. 
We should be Unacima of that which is good, but not of evil ; we shoold 

TENDENCY, \tendo, to stretch, L.l direction toward an object, 
inference, or result. 
Drift, [drifan, to drive, S.] course of any thing; ioipu]se> 
Scope, \skopeo, to see, to view, Gr.] amplitude of intellectual 

Aim, [ame, O. F.} ultiiiute dedrn or purpose. 

Tmdniti/ of an opidton, or acdon ; ^i/l of ■ book, disconne, of a pU' 
aion. Ample teapt tor gcuiiu ; free i«apc fur the tancj ; meii are often dl>- 
^^ipointed of their rsni. 

TENET, [t«n«t, beholds, from teneo, to hold, L.] opinion mEontained. 
Position, [positio, L.] principle laid down. 
Taut of a rehgious sect, or charch i position of B writer, philosopher. 

TERM, [termmag, L.] extremity ; time which anything lasts. 
LtuiT, [times, bound, L.] border, utmost reach. 

TEERITORY, [(pmVorium, L.l land, country, region. 
Dominion, ylominiam, L.] district governed. 
At first he pOBSCsaed but a amaU territory, but by repeated cooqueats he 

Satl; eitended his dmnixioiu, A prince eierelees dominion over a certain 

THANKFULNESS, [than(^l, S.] Uvely sense, or ready acknow- 
ledgement of good received. 
GaATiTUDK, [prafw, pleasing, L.} an emotion of the heart ex- 
iting love anddii^ to beaefnctora. 
We show our thankfalnesi by words, our gratitude by actions ; fhanllful- 
nta of heart ; " the love of God is the sublimest gratitude." {Paley.) 

THEORT, [Iheoria, contemplation, Gr.] not practice ; plan oriys- 
t«m subsisting in the mind. 
Speculation, [speculor, to view, L.] mental scheme ; views of 

a subject not verified by fact. 
A soond (fteorji leads to a sound pracdce ; beware of fanciful ipefulafioB, 
A correct theory ; a matter of mere spcFatation. 

THEREFORE, [there and/ore,] for this or that reason. 

CoNseauENTLY, [consequeas, L,] by natural connection of 
effects and their causes. 


" He blushes, d , ^ . ^ , 

power,^' conseqaenltyj to be ignorant is to be weak. ^'Tbose who live in 
faith and good wDrlia will be rewarded aceordingls." 

THICK, [thic, S.} turbid; muddy; not clear. 

Dbnbb, [densut, L.} compact; having its constituent parts 

closely united. 
Thick ale, beer, wine, ink ; dense air, (og, body, vapor, cloud. 

THIN, [thian, S.] rare; not close; notfiit; not bulky; lean. 
Slender, [sliader, Du.] small in circumference, compared with 

the length. 
Slight, Istegl, Du.] not firm or strong. 

THINK, [thincan, S.] to conclude ; to be of opinion. 

Suppose, {mppoTia, to lay down, L.] to receive as true. 

Imagine, limaffiner-, F.J to fancy; to punt in the mind. 

BiLiBVE, [ jefeo/ijn, S.J to have a firm persuasioti of. 

Deem, [deman, S.] to conclude on consideration. 

I lliink he ia gone to LondoD, I have reaBon to mppOK tliat ia the ease ; 
I merely imagitt it Is so ; I beliei-e it to be trae. " So natural ia the nnioB 
of religion with justice, IJiat ve may baldly deem there ia aeitlicr where both 

THOUGHTFUL, hanog the mind directed to an object. 

CoNBiDBRATe, [coi^idfTatus, L.] Berioiu; circumipect i mot 

Dblibbratb, [deliberattis, L.] well Bdrised; alow in deter* 

Viought/ul or duty ; sober aod eoiutderale ; he waa aeUbtrale in Ua pro- 
ceedings, guarding againat rashness. Deliberate miacluef, measure, opimon. 

THREATEN, [threatian, S.} to denounce evil. 

Menace, [meTtacer, F.] to show a disposition to inflict puniali- 

TIME, [tyma, S.] a rarticiilar portion of duratioQ. 

Skason, [saison, F.] a &t or suitable time. 

Season ia some particular portion of timt. " He cbangeth the (imet and 
thejeojOBJ." (Dan. ii. ai.)— T^nf of the day; leason 3f the year.— " To 
BYery thiiig there is amuon, aad a (inuto er^porpose." (Eccles. ^ 1.) 

TIME, part of duration distinct from other parts. 

Period, [periodos, a circuit, Gr.] any specified portion of time. 

AoE, [age, F.] the time in which any particular man, or race of 
men, lived ; a century ; duration of any being. 

Date, [datum, given, L.J time when an event happened. 

Era, [ara, aperiod of tjme,* L.] a succession of years proceed- 
ing fi*om a fised point of time. 

Epoch, [epoche, a resting-place, Gr.] the time at which a new 
computation is begun ; the time &om which dates are num- 

Aadent tijiini he muat have lime tor his work, for juyment ; periodt id 
the plaoeta ; period of infancy ; human nature haa been the same in nil oj^ei .' 
Uie o^t of man. The Augustan age : the dale of Cteaar'a airival in Britain ; 
the Chiistiaii era ,- the epoch of tbe Babyloolsh captivity. 

TIMELY, [from fiW,] sufficiently early; in good time. 

le Romans used to eagiaye upon platai 



SiASONABLB, opportune ; huipeniug at a proper time. 
Timify care ; itaionMt nipply ; fjntely notica ; ttateiiablt *dT)ei' 

TIMESERVING, obsequioiu complumce with the ruling power. 
Tkmporizino, [feniptw.time, L.] complying with the prevailing 

A. Umatrving courb« ; ■ teaiporUins mlnbtCT of st&tc ; a t(mpvriniif 

TORMENT, \tormmtam, L.] extreme pain or anguish. 
ToKTDBB, [tortura, L.^ severe paio judicially inflicted ; pun by 
which guilt ia punished, or coofeuion extorted. 

TormaUed by pain ; tortured by the rack. 

" Not Blmrp reiengci, not heU Itself, can find 

A. fiercer torment than a gaiLtr mind." — {Drydm.) 
" Ghastly spasm, or racking lorlHre," — (Miiimt.) 

TRADE, [trade, to deliver, to give from hand to hand, L.] ex- 
cliuige of gooda for other gooda, or for money. 

CoMUBKCB, [comtntrcHun, L.] exchange of one thbg for an- 
other ; negotiation. 

Tbaffic, [Irafic, F.J merchandinng; large trade; exchange of 

Dealing, [dalait, to divide, S.] bunneu; intercourse in buying 
and selling. 

Trade amoaa oniselves ; ammerct with other natioas i traffic is an ex- 
chjinge of goods or merchandise \ deaivig la a bargaining or calculating sort 
of trade ; he accnmulated a fartnne by )us ezteative dtMigi, 

TRANSFIGURE, Itrans, beyond, fyura. shape, fuhion, L.] to 
change the outward appearance. 
Tbansfobm, [Irons, and/orma, L.] to change th» form, temper, 

or disposition. 
Hbtauorfuobe, [meta, beyond, taorphe, form, Gr.] to change 

into a different shape. 
" Jeans was tniHiflgurtd before them." (Mark lx.9,) — " Satan himself Is 
trimifi/rmed into asangtl of lirfit." (2 Cor. li. t*.)—-' Be yt traxjformedbj 
Qie renewing of yoor mind.^* (Rom. lii. 3.) — Orid apeaks c^ NaicianiB being 
nttaiHoTphoitd into a fiowec. It would require a great deal of art to mela- 
mayhose a simple ploughman into aa accompliahad gentleman.— IVajuJIywc 
Is now nearly, if not altogether, obsolete. 

TREACHEROUS, [tricherie, a cheating, O. F.] faithless i perfi- 
dious ; guilty of deserting or betraying. 
Traitokoub, [tTodilor, trutor, L.] riolatiiig allegiance or trust. 
TBaABONABLB, [tTohir, to betray,?.] having the nature or guilt 

of treason. 
JVratfaroai ftiead, proposal, scheme ; traxtorBua aobject, soldier, deaign ; 
the king had some ireasunable aulgacta. " Plots and Ireasonabli piacUcea." 
— (Clomulim.) 

TREASURE, [thesaums, a treasury, L.] to collect; to lay up ai 



Hoard, [Aordon, to gather, S.] to amasi ; to lay up store. 

FrieodB Ireamrt up the {^fts thej teeeive fh>m «sch oUier ; the miser 
Aoordf up hl£ mooey ; tutmocj ireasura ap Ideas ; we treature up knowledge. 

TIIEATHENT, llraitanent, F.] manner of usage; good or bad be- 
havior towards another. 
Usage, [usage, F.] a series of actions performed by one person 
towards another. 

TREMBLING, [trow, to shake, L.] quaking ; shiTerin^. 

Tremor, [(remor, trembling, L,l an inToluntary shaking. 

Trepidation, [trepidatu), L.] toe state of quivering from fear. 

A trHnbUag from cold, weakaesa, or disease, as the palsy ; trtmar of the 
nerves, joints ; a violent tripidaUoa i the whole state, or kingdom, was in a 
state of ir^ndatian. 

TRIFLING, llrivialis, common, L.^ of small value or importance. 
Trivial, [trivialis, L.] light ; trifling ; inconsiderable. 
Pktts, ipelit, F.] small; inferior; little; not worth notice. 
FRivoLOua, [frivolta, crumbled, L.] alight;. of no moment. 
Futile, [fiitttis, vain, L.] worthless; of no effect; answering 
no usetiil purpose. 

TROUBLE, [troubler, F.] to distress; to perplei. 

Disturb, [dUlm-bo, to atu-, L.] to agitate ; to disquiet. 

Molest, [nwlo, to grind, L.] to vei; to render uneasy. 

IVoabltd for want of money, bread, &c. ; ditlurbed with noise and riot; dit- 
tvrbed by gloomy piospecCs : nwirslid by feais, caies, and oppositions. 

TROUBLESOME, biurdensome ; annoying ; afflictive! 
Ibkboub, {irk, to weary, Sc.] wearisome; tedious. 
Vexatiovb, [from vex^ afflictive; harassing; distressing. 

TroiJilesomt labor ; irlaomt task, hours, toil ; ttxatimt loss, eoaomtxtj. 

The writer Is a person of snch well-known vcractly, that the truth of his 
narration may be relied on. IVvf A Is applicable to men and to bets ; Mrseify, 
to men only. 

TRY, {trekker, to draw, D.] to prove by a teat. 

Tbmpt, [tenfo, L.] to try; to attempt; to solicit t« ill. 

TV^ yoDT strength ; trg a servant to see if he will suit ; tempt no man to 
evil, norsnifer yourselves to be tempted at eril. — " Let no man w when he 
Is letapled, 1 am tempted of God : for God cannot be tempted of erU, neiths' 
lemptetli he any man ; but every man is templed, when he is drawn awaj id 
his own lust, and enticed." pamea i. 13, li.J 



TUMULTUOUS, [tumitltuotua, storm]', raugh, (nollen, L.] rio- 
lently and insularly i^tated and diaturbed. 
TuHULfUARV, [ttttmittaarias, L.} disorderly ; unquiet. 
IWnuUiuui aea, tides, strife, meetiDga ; tamuUuary aaaemCliea, coaflict. 

TUMULTUOUS, fuU of tumult and disorder. 

TufiBULBNT, [turhUentua, disturbed, L.] violent ; refcactory. 

Seditious, \seditioaas, L.] exciting opposition to lawful au- 

Mutinous, \mutin, refractory, F,] bu»y in insurrection; dis- 
posed to resist authoiity. 

TaJioiUaoia mob; (urbulenf pas'sLoiis; ndif iou work ; mufuiaiu soldiers. 

TURGID, [furjfiiiu, enlarged or swollen, L.] inflated; diatended 
beyond the natural size ; vninly magnificent. 

TuMiu, [tnmidus, swollen. L.] pufied up; falsely subUme. 

Bombastic, [bomboa, blast of a trumpet, Gr.] high-sounding, 
pompous ; boastful. 

Turgid limb ; tvniid flesh, wsves. Tmgid maimer of talking and writing, 
in maldDg use of loft; wards on lav and simple snbjects ; tumid and sspir- 
ing e^ressians ; bigh-aoonding words and flarid sentimenta, when used on 
coiBmaa subjuts. constlCnte Cbe bombaslic style, and tbe peiioD using them 
is also eolied bombatiic. 

TURN, [(arnan, S. (omo, L.] to change sides. 

B&ND, [bendatt, S.] to make crooked ; to curve. 

Twist, [jeiaiwfon, S.] to turn from a straight line ; to contort, 
to writhe. 

Distort, [dtslorqaeo, L.j to force out of natural shape. 

Wrinh, tieringan, S.l to turn and strain violently. 

Wrebt, [wrastan, S.] to force iiom ; to extort. 

Whknch, [rerreiiien, O.] to pull and twist by violence. 
The soil is fumed over by the epade ; bead a stick or caoe ; Iwiat thread, 
a rope ; joints, features, become disli^td. To oriTig is to twist riolently, 
as, to ujring wet linen, to wring off the head of a chicken i a weapon may be 
tcrtsted fnmi a person ; he mrntchtd his foot against a stone ; tus sword waa 
wraitlKd froia him. A. person (vnu his attention to a subject', he bmds 
his Duad to a study ; men si« sjud to iiaal and tBrat the meamog of words, 
or to distort them, so as to give a wrong meaning. 

TURN, reigning inclination or course ; manner; cast. 

Bbnt, [beadan, to bend, S.] inclination ; disposition toward 

something ; application of the mind. 
Turn at mind ; (urn for music ; bent of the will ; bent of his genius. 

TURN, [(omo, L,] to move in a circular course. 

Wind, [windan, S.j to turn round something; tA twiit. 
Whirl, [iwyj/an, S.] to turn round rapidly. 
Twirl, [guer/en, O.] to move by a quick rotation. 

Writhe, [writhan, S.l to twist with violence. 
2\irn a spit, awheel! umd thread 

ind up a jack, clock, watch ; mheelt 

OR icltirttd «ith great force by necbanical powen. 

" Deiterous duDKb (tnrlthe sprinkiiDgmap." — (6^0 
" And torith'd hii body to uid fro wttli pain.'' — (Aiduon.} 

TYRANKY, [tyranniu, a deijMtic ruler, L.] crael or arbitnay 
goTemment; severity, ngor. 
OpPRBasiuN, [opprmto, to press or weigh down, L.] the act of 
imposing mtreaaoiiBbJe biudenB or services. 

Power concentrated frequeotJ j leads to (yramiy, power diffased tooRprostoii, 


UNBELIEF, [unffefcn/a, S.] the withholding of belief. 

Infidblitv, linfidelitiu, L.] disbehef of the divine origin of 
ChriatiBnity, and the inspiration of the Scriptures. 

Incrbdulitv, [incr^uHU, F.] indisposition to oelieve. 

Vjibeli^ is Etimple want of foith or belief ; mfidtlHy » perrcne disbelief ; 
ixcreiulity with respect to marveUoos and absard stories is s laudable quaHtf 

UNCOVER, to show openlv ; to diveit of any cohering. 
DiscovEB, [(j^coacnr. P.] to discbse; to hring to light 
" Tbere will certainly oome some day or otikcr to Mmntr every soul of 
vs." (Pope'i Leitcri.J—" He diitovtreth deep Chiags out of dailmesi, and 
bringeth out to ligbt the staadov of deatlu" {Job lii. 3a.)—" Your trans- 
gressions are ditcacirtd," (Ezek. ni. 34.) 

UNDER, \under, S.] to as to have something over ; in a stale of 

Bblow, [be, and loa,'] not so high ; inferior. 
Bbnbath, Ibeneolh, S.] in a lower place ; in a state of op- 
Cinder tbe water ; btha the horizon ; beneath the ground ; so simy is 
under the command of a general ; man is bttovi the annls ; an ignorant man 
is beneath a wise one in knowledge ; a country sinks beneath the yoke of an 

UNDERSTANDING, intellectual powers; Acuities of the mind, 
especially those of knowledge and judgement. 
Intellect, [inteileettis, discernment, L.] that facul^ of ths 

human soul which receives and comprehends ideas. 
Intblliobncb, [inteHigentia, apprehension, L-] mental skill. 
The human understiodinQ distiaguishea man from a brnte ; hut men aitt 
distlngubhed one from another by t£eir superior dq|ieea of intellect and ixtel- 

UNDETERMINED, [from delermme,} undecided; not defined. 
Unsettlbd, uncertain; changeable. 
Unbtbady, not fixed; fluctuating. 


Wavbrino, ineaolute ; beiae ia doubt. 

UmUlerntined In miod ; aiatilltd lo opinioiu ; antleadu la eondoct ; »a- 
eering in principlu, " Let na hold tut the profosion of oar bith without 
toataiKg.'' (Ueb. i. 33,) 

UNFOLD, OaWan, to double, S.] to diipUy ; to Uy open to the 
view or contemptatioii. 
Unkavil, [ravelen, Du.] to diientangle ; to extricate; to clear. 
Devslofb, [dicelt^iper, F.] to disclose; to make known. 
Tbc priatiplci ol a tcitnce art wj/olitcii ,- a myitcry la unractlUd i dntliipi 
B plsn of openitiaai, a plot ; choroctn, tslcuti, an dathptd. 

VNUAPPY, not happy; unfortunato ; distietted. 

M1SESAB1.B, [mutTO^Ju, L.I very nnhappy from grief, puD, 

calamity, appreheniion of evil, or any other cause. 
Wretched, [laraeca, an eiile, S.] siuik iu deep diatrcw. 

Many pcnou* mtkt thcmsclvn imh^ipy wiUiaat occaaion ; afflktjon lad 
poverty mat* men Buwroiit ; to be ipreWAtd, is to be eitremelj miifroW*. — 
An HnhOj^ choice ; a miicraUe life ; thaiDK<cA«Iconditioa of aslave- 
UNIMPORTANT, tin>porto,tobeBTon, L.] not of great moment. 

Insignificant, [in, aot, tiynificaiu, eiprcMive, L.] destitute 
of meaniug ; answeriue no purpose. 

Inconbidbrable, [in, and cottiiderabU,^ not viorthy of notice 
or cousideratiou ; trivial. 

It ia untni}Wr(iuil wiieths' s pcraon atand or koeel in diriae worship ; in- 
lign^imt perfonnance, words, talent, look ; iacomidtrable poiat, argamCDt, 
aojnber { po sin is incoiuiderablt in the sight 1^ a holy Ood. 

UNLESS, [onksan, to loose or release, S.J if not. 
Except, [excipio, to take out, L.] not included. 

« Tlie commendaUon of adyersarie* ia the greatest trinmph of a writer, 
because it never comes anlra extorted." — " It ia neceaaair to know our duty, 
beoutsc it ia uecesaary for na to do it ; and it is Impos^ble to do it. excipt 
we know It." — Ail were involved in tUs affair uwip' one. — No one can Uuite 
Milear he ia indusUioua. 

UNOFFENDING, strike agwnst, L.] not ^ving offence. 
Inoffensive, hwmless; doing no mjury or mischief. 
., .... .._^j hur^-' 

HABMLiis, innocent; innoxious; not hurtful. 
" Thy unoffending life I could not 

weqjtoe eould I follow to thj giBTe."— Bfjide*. 
i iarmfcii di "^-- -' '— — '-"- 

Xno^aaict animal ; hanaiea diapoaitiDDj 

UNRULY, [from ruUA disregarding restraint. 

Ungovbbnablb, [Bomjooem,] that will not be goremed or 

Refractory, [re/rojor, to resiat, L.J obstinate ; perverse ; con- 
[Tonily will, tongue ; unjmtnMt passions, temper ; r^fracliyry disposl- 
tion, chUd. 

UNSEARCHABLE, [from ware*,] not to be explored. 

: t;iX,.,lc 


Inbckctablb, [in, not, senior, to leuch, L.] not to be pene- 
trated by inquiry, itudy, oi humaa reason. 

'* Hov unitarenabU aie hja jndganentH, and his ways past fiudiog out." 
(Bam. ti. 33.) — "The uuearcAoik ilchei ofChriit." CEph. iii. B.} — Imeni- 
tablt way! of Proridence. 

UNSPEAKABLE, [from speak,'] mot to be spoken. 

Ineffablb, [in, not, effor, to ipeak, L.] tbat cannot be told. 
Unutterable, [fTx>m ulier,'] wnat ctnnot be uttered. 

)t the Deity. — Unipeakabli joy, grief, rege ; iiuffalllt sweetness, c 
lun ; mvtterable thoughts, paiufl, ■ottowh, onguiah ; iiuxprtaiAle pleasiur, 
biuaty, looks. 

UNWORTHY, not deserving ; wanting merit. 

Worthless, [Irom worrA,] having no yirtue or excellence. 

" Are these immn-fAy men chosea to offices." ReceiTi ymu imcortlijf 
BDu I do not associate with aorlUtu chaiacten. 

UTTER, to express vocollf or with the month. 

Speak, [spacan, S.J to utter articulate sounds or wordt. 

Articulatb, utter distinctly, L.^ to speak asantBo. 

Pronounce, Qironuncto, L.] to speak rbetoncally. 

Utter a ^gh, grosn, wards j ipioi wends; articulate sounds, letten in 
reading, &c. ; pronoioice aloud ; pronoiaice so Dcation. 

VACANCY, [f aeo, to be empt;, L.] freedom from employment ; 
emptiness of thought. 
Vacuitv, \vacialas, L.] state of being unfilled ; want of reali^. 
Inanitt, [inonifiu, vanity, unprofitahleness, L.] void space; 

quality of not satisfving. 
Vaeaniy of mind ; vaeuity of meaaiitg ; laiiiii^ of worldly pleasoRS. 

VALE, [vallia, L.] a tract of low ground between bills ; an ex- 

Dale, {_dal, Du.] low hollow ground. 
Dinole, [dtgle, S.] a narrow valley. 
Dell, [dell, a deft, W.] a cavity or narrow opening. 

Vale implies larger space tluui vatlej/ ; doit is deep, but not extensiTe ; ifu. 
gU\ta little valley in a Oat country ; a Sell is B'Shadf ornamented diagle. 
Vale is used in poetry, valley in proee and common discourse. ^^ Fair xvtet 
by natnre fonned to please." The valley of the Connecdcut Is lamed for 
its beauty and fertility. Colnbrook date ,- an nntreqaested dinglt : a eool 
sequestered dell. 


XATION. 261 

TALVABLE, hiTiag useful or estimable propertiea. 

pRBOious, [premium, price, L.] being of great worth. 

Costly, (koaf, price, D.] purchftaeii at a high price. 

A tabiable discovcsrj; "predimi promiaes ;" prteioM mttals, Btaaea ; 
eoitly habit, seat ; tare and saluabU / antli/ and dHlrable. 

VALUE, [valor, L.] that property which renders a thing usefiil or 


Worth, [weorlh, S,] excellence; importance; usefiUneis 

Ratb, [retOT, to *et, L.] amount fixed ; degree of value. 

Price, Tpre/tum, L.] equivalent given fur any thing sold. 

Valur received ; pay the value ; the aorlh of a thing is its acJtmjwledged 
cnfue ; rale aai price are the measorca of value and tcorth. Rale of interest ; 
dear rale ; high jirtde; iow pria ; price of corn, grain, wheat. Vabu may 
Bometimei he underatood as lUatinguiahed ftom aorth, the former relating to 

VARIATION, [cariafio, L.] change from one to another. 

Variety, \varietas, L.l btermtxture or succeasiou of things. 
Vmiatioti at climate, weataer, of the compaaa ; tarielj/ of colors, of 


VENAL, \peneo, to be sold, L.] that may be bought or obtained 
for money. 
Mebcenary, {merees, reward, L.] moved by the hope of rcnard 

or the love of money. 
Venai writer, services ; taereaiary servant, apirlt. Offices are cenDl in a 
corrupt govcrament. Mtreesary aoldiers are hired into foreign service. 

VENIAL, [cenjo, pardon, leave to depart, L.l excusable. 

Pardon ABLB, [per, for, ijono, to give, L.J that may he forgiven. 

FetiiaJ slip, fault, Cramgression ; pardonable error. Tallcutiveiiess in an 
tM person Is a eenial offence ; playfolaess and frolic are pardinuJile in youth. 

VERBAL, [verbalis, L.] spoken, not vvritten. 

Vocal, [voBaiU, L.} uttered or modulated by the voice. 
Oral, [cm, the mouth, L.] delivered b^ mouth. 

_ Fn-bat agreement, message ; mcol praise, music, melody ; oral testimony, 

VESTURE, [ceshire, O. F.] garment, robe, dresa. 
Ci.orHKa,[clalk, S.] covering for the human body. 
Raiment, [araies, apparel, N.J clothing in general. 
Vesture and raiment used only on serious subjects, but clothes on all com- 

VEXATION, [from vex,] the atate of being irritated or harassed. 

Mortification, [mors, death,/acio, to make, L.] humiliation ; 

Chagrin, [cAoffrin, F,] ill-humor; peeviahnesa; fretfulness. 

A life of vexalum and pain. A state of cAdjnn. " It is one of the most 
vexatkna mBrlificaliotu of a studious man to have his thoughts disordered by 


262 viCTiM^WANT. 

VICTIM, [victims, L.] > linng beiD| (laiii for ■ sacrifice. 

Sacrifice, [mcr^eium, L.J an offering; surrender, or loss. 

A ttetim prcpkred for the laer^e. The citlm of unbitioa ; a laerifiet to 

VIOLENT, [puAentus, L.l unreanmably vehement ; outrsf^iu. 

FrRious, [farioaui, L7] raging; transported by paseioo. 

BotBTiROUB, Ibyster, a tempest, S.] turbuleut ; loud ; noisy. 

VehbMBNT, [vehemau, L.] acting with great force. 

iMPBTDOva, [in^efo, tonuh, L.] fierce; passionate. 

Tiglafiiind; teiiJovnt storm ; ./iirunu vhirlniod ; tchrmrni Suae ; im- 
pthma torrent. Vieltnl oppositUm j fiiHoia temper ; boiileroiu tongue ; 
cekcmaU desire ; uBpetnow pasaions. 

VOTE, [oofum, wish, L.] espresuoo of will or wish. 

SuprRAQR, [mffroffivm, L.j vote given in deriding a contro- 
verted point, or in electing a man to an ofHce. 
VoiCR, {vox, Pods, L,] choice or opinion expressed. 
Vole for or Bgainst ; tuffragt In a person's ravor ; the niiet of the church ; 
" I have nowords i mjioiM is hi my aword." — (Shakiptre.J 
Some hiwi ordiiin, and some attend the choice 
Of lioli senatei, and elect by rnce. 


WAKEFUL, [mtcan, to wake, and^, S.] inditpoaed to sleep. 
Watchfui., [loacian, to watch, andyul', S.] careful lo obsnre; 

attentive to du^. 
Vigilant, \vi!;ilaiu, L.] cautioua; drcumapect; diligent to 

discover and avoid danger. 
'• Wakiffut with the fritrht." " Be tuatdtful and strengtlMD the tlungs that 
mnaln." (Her. iii. 2.)— '■ Be sober, be riifi(an(." (1 Pet. v. S.)— " A Ushop 
must be vi^i^n/." (1 Tim. iii. 9.) 

WANDER, {wandrian, S.] to ramble without any certain coune or 

Stroi-l, to walk idly or leinuely. 

Rahblb, [rammelen, Du.] to go about without aujr determinate 

RovG, Iroaffver, D.] to move without certain direction. 

Roam, [rAamu, to soar, W.] to move about from place to place. 

Range, [ranger, F.] to wander without restraint. 

"They inaadered about in sheep skins and foat skins. — They teoHiIcrHi in 
deserts." (Heb. li. 37, 3S.) — C^psies and pedlan atrotl about the eountry; 
idle people rambU about ; the botanist roHt shout the 6?lds in search of 
herbs and flowers ; a man rowtu into foreign countries ; wild beaata roafe 

WANT, fffiflnian, to fail, S.] to be destitute of or deficient in. 



Need, [ ifmtadan, t 

^Trichca, trade, ^.^ thtywi 

Lack, [leigft, to empty, J 

ued food Af 

WATERMAN, [imcler, and nan, S,] one who muu^es water-craft. 

"-IATMAN, [&--• — ■■ ■" ■-- '--- — • ■-- " — -■- - 

bout for nJ 

Ferryman, [faran, to pan, S.] one who keep> a ferrj ; one 
nho for hire transports kooob and paaaengers over a river. 
" The leaterman forlani, 3oog the abort. 

Pemdve recUnea npon bii oitless oar." — Oajf. 
" That booby Phaon only wu nakind, 

An ill-bred boaitmm, roogh aa wavti and wind." — Prior. 
" Tbe gMt! ferrgman at hell denied 
JEoaa entrance, tUl he koew hii guide." — RoieomTium. 

WAVE, [naifan, to move to and fro, S.] a moviae Bwell of water. 
Biuuow, [bulgiati, to swell out, S.] a wave swoln by the wind. 
Sdrob, [suTffO, to rue, L.] a swelling sea, wave roUii^ above 

■ the general surface of the water. 
Breaker, [Aneciw, to break, S.] a wave brokeu by rocki or 

" Ths won behind impeli the noK befiwe." — Pept. 
"Loud billimt laah tbe ahore." — Tlie toamiiig nrgeii "the whirling 

WAY, [iDiEjf, S.] scheme of actii^. 

Manner, [maniire, F.] peculiar way. 

MoDR, [modul, L.] form ; jashion ; custom. 

Method, {meta, beyond, odoi, way, Gr.] convenient airange- 
ment of things, proceedings, or ideas. 

Course, [curro, to run, L,] line of conduct; train of actions. 

Means, instrument of action or performance. 

There ia a ri^ht leau to do every thing that can be done ; air and maimer 
are more eipreJsiTe than nords ; modts of dress. 

" A taWe richly flpread, in regal modt." 

Method oS i^ujc, of pTotxemag ; courae of law, of atndy ; na evil course,- 
Blender mean) ; mean> oCdoiog good, 

WAYWARD, [may, and vmrd,'] petulant ; peevish ; vexatious ; lik- 
ing his own way. 

Froward, r/ramu'earrf, turned, S.] unyielding; refractory. 
Perverse, [jifrf erirus, turned aside, L.J distorted from the right ; 

contrary ; stubborn. 
A wayward expression ^ ^Jromard child ; a perverse man, hmnor. 

WEAK, {wan, yielding, S.] having little strength. 


'le, FT] ... 

Irmm, L.l disabled of body; not so' 
wciiit in mmd ; weak voice ; iceah and 

.... fetbU infiiQt ! 

—A went attempt ; ti feeble effort. 


WEAKEN, {tcacati, S] to deprive of atrength. 

Enfeeble, [fiom feeble.'] to reduce the strength or force. 
Dbbilitath, [debttito, L.] to impair the strength. 
Enbevatb, [mrrco, L.] to deprive of nerve or force. 
Invalidate, [in, not, valeo, to be Krong, L.] to deatroj' or 
lessen the force or efficacy. 

Weaktntd bj illness ; ti^itbUd b; nge ; ths body and mind both become 
dtbililattd 1 the whole frame becomes mertKiied i cUms are fumttdiiM. 

WEARISOME, [weri?, tired, S.] fatiguing; causing weariness. 

Tiresome, [from fire,] eshausting the strength en patience. 

Tbdious, {tadiata, L.J troublesome bj continuance i irksome. 

Wtarivme labor, life. — " Wiarmmt oig'bXi ate appointed to me. (Job viL 
3.) — Hrejonif ionmey, author, work ; tediimi discoonw, specciu 

WEARY, [tBerioB, to rarry, S.] to fatigue ; to subdue hy labor. 
Tire, \teorian, to fail, S.] to exhaust the strength ; to wear out 

with labor, tediousness, or dubiess. 
Jade, [pinrf, a goad, S.] to dispirit; to wea^ with hard service. 
Harass, {karasser, F.] to fatigue with boiUly labor or inspor- 

Wtariti with labor of body or of mind ; iirtd of work ; jadtd by incessant 
attenCion (o bu»ncss ; harimcd with carta, complaints. — A horse is .faded 

by being forced bejond his sf" '' " ' ' ' ' — "'' """ 

WEIGHT, [wag, a balance, 8.] the qnanti^ of a body ascertained 
by the balance. 
Heaviness, ponderousness ; the quah^of being heavy; that 

which it requires great strength to move. 
Gravity, [gravitas, L.] tendency to a centre. 
Wright of lead, otwtight of a feather! IttaBintst of lead, lightness of a 
feather; jron/^ is a scientific term ; specific rfran/f/ ; ceotre w fnpify* 

WELL-BEING, [wrf, S. and 6e,] the enjoyment of peace and 
Welfare, \v>el, S. and /are,} exemption from evil; enjoyment 

of the common blessings of Ufe, 
Prosfebity, [prosperitas, L.] successful prepress ; attainment 

of any olnect desired. 
Happiness, [kapas, fortunate, W.] plessure unalloved with pain. 
Wtll-bring of men, society, mankind ; \pr\faTe of children, relations, 
friends ; prosperity in obtaioing richcE, power, honor ; happineu of mind ;. 
perfect happiness is not attainable in this life. 

WHOLE, \walg, S.] containing all. 
Entire, [en/ter, F.] full ; undivided. 
Complete, [completua, L.] having no deficiencies. 
Total, [totalU, t.] whole; full; perfect; all. 
The uhok popnlatioD.— £nlire set ; complete work ; tatal numba. 

WICKED, [leican, to faU ana^, S.] given to vice; morally bad; 

evil in principle or practice. 
Unjust, [injiuiu*, L.] contrary to Justice and rieht. 
Inibditovb, [in, not, sqaitas, equity, L.] unrijchtec 
NBFARI0U8, [nefarius, unlawful, L.] abominable ; a 
Widud action ; iiiifuf proceedlog ; iniguilBUi fraud ; n^oriuiu oreiun oi 

WILL, [wiilon, S.I to deflde in 'the mind. 

Wish, [unican, S.] to direct tbe deairee to. 

We will what we have the power to effect ; we may iciili for many thingg 
vfaich we can never obtain. — "Thcvhavc more than heart could mill." 
(Pa, lniH. 7.) 

WILLINGLY, without reluctsaee; with one'i own cooteat. 
Voluntarily, [vohtnlai, will, L.] of one's own accord ; with- 
out compulsion. 
Spontankoubly, [apontaneus, L.] of iti own acting, by ita own 

impulse, without tbe exntement of anything external. ' 
He parted nith it tnillinglji: he performed it volinlariS/ ; the earth pro- 
dace« many thingg iponianeoialy, without the culture of man. 

WISELY, [wUion, to know, S.] with vrisdom. 

JuDiciovsLV, [judico, to judge, L.] skilfully ; with judgement. 
DiscKBETLr, [dUcreUa, L.] prudent, cautiously, circumspectly. 

WONDER, Ivnmder, S.] that emotion which is excited by some- 
thing new, strange, great, or eitraordinaiy. 
Admisation, [admiralio, L.]woQdermiagled with eateem, love. 

SURPRIMB, {surprise, F.] the state of being taken u 

AaTONiSHMENT, [^/onnemmj, F.] extreme surprise. 

Amazkhent, [from a and viase, a whirlpoo), &.] <: 
either of fear or wonder ; height of adiuiiiition. 

Wander is the effect of Dovelty and amazemeat. We view the starry hea- 
veuJ with odmiraliBn, The fort was taiien by aarprisi, Aslonahmtnt ia ex- 
cited by an uneipected or eitraotdinary event. Aniaxemcnl is extreme and 
sodden wonder, often accompanied with fear and terror. 

WONDER, something more or greater than can he expected. 

MlRACLB, [miracu/um, L,] an effect contrary to the established 
course of things ; something supernatund. 

Marvel, [merveiile, F.] aay thing astonisliing, or that arrests 
the attention. 

PRODinr, [^prodigo, to drive or launch forth, to shoot out, L.] 
any thing out of the ordinaiy process of nature. 

HoNBTBR, [moTUtruin, a strange ormisahapen thing, L.] an unna- 
tural production ; out of proportion through defect or excess. 

Wondert of nature ; aoadert of the creation ; miraelet recorded hi the 



Old and New TiMaiiiEata ; traielleii relate mailjr iiurMli ; udent Ustoriss 
sboaod in (u;«aiuits of prodigia / a lamb with six legs, and a dodc with two 
biUa, are numifcrt; a parriode la called a numi^eTt bcmj mmitnrsltf wicked* 

WOOD, Ivmda, S.] the lubituice of trees. 
TiMBBR, Itintber, itructure, S.l the maiii'tnuik of a tree. 

Wood for the jfdner ; IMitr for biuldin^, carriage!, ihips, feneet, &c. 

WOBDj [teord, S.] • combination of lounds ; a imgle part of 

ExPKBssiON, [from acpresi,] a phtnie ; a mode of speech. 
Term, [terma. Or.] s word or eipression peculiar to an art. 
A Kuril is used at a aba of im id* a ; aentimcDta are made known by a- 

pi-essian$ ,- ererj ■cieocehaa its iema. 

WORK, [weorc, SJ employment ; opeistion. 
Labor, ^labor, L.] the eiertioa of musculu' strength. 
Toil, [fiolon, to strain, S.] tabor that oppresses the body ot mind. 
Dbudgkby, [dntgaire, a slave, Ii.] ignoble toil; baitl work in 

servile occupation. . 
Comnum iMrit ; hud laior,' palnflil (oil,' low, degrading ilni47ery, 
" Yon do not know the heavy griersnees. 
The loiU, the labon, weary arvdsena, 
Wluch they impose." — SoidA*™*. 

WORK, that which is made or done. 
Operation, [operatio, L.] the exertion of power, phy«ie«l, 
moral, or mechani(»l. 

Work done by a laborer, or a mechanic ; an aptraiiau performed by k 


WORLD, \weorold, 8.1 the terramieous globe. 
Earth, Teorfi, S.] the mass of the globe. 

E, iglobui, L.] a spherical solid bodj. 
e tu leerld i cvItiTate the tarlh y sail rcnm 

round the^Iobe. 

WORTHY, [from toorlA,] possessing virtue or excellence. 
ESTIMABLE, [from esteem,'] worthy of honor and respect. 

A vorthj/ person ; on ettimabU character. 

WRITER, [writm, to scratch, L.] one who writes. 

Penman, [pen, and man,] one who practises the art of writing 
ScBiBB, \_acTibo, to write, L.] a public or professional writer. 
Any person who writes is a writer ; a sennua is on expert, clever, at fin 

nriter ; a nriie is a leriler who copies ohcially. 

WRITER, one who represeats ideas by written character*. 
Author, [auctor, L.] one who composes an original work. 

An autlur is a turiter, bat a vriter is not always bb mifkar ; an uBOsr i 
an miginal loriter ; but a toHtn- may be oaly t compDcr. 


YEARLY, [ gtof, a counet S.] compreheDding *, yetr ; h^peiiiiig 
every ye«r. 
Akndal, \aimali», of a jew, L.] that Tetunis eveiy fear. 
Ytariy conne ; atitauil naX. 

YOUTHFUL, [bigvth, and>W, S.] pertBining U> the earl; put of 
Jdvbnils, f jtit)«nilt«, L.] mited to youth. 

Puerile, [pnm/u,' ■ • - ■■ 

Fwrfjyii face, ilgor, f-- 


erUit, boyiui, L.] childish ; trifling. 
or, tbongDti, hopa, aporti, pastimcB ; fiatBilt perform- 
er; paeriii ttndles, annuemeDU; patrilt obaovation. 

ZEALOUS, [«Id>, pauionate ardor, ardent deaire to do, Gr.] warmly 
eng^ed in any cause. 
Earnbst, [eOTBMi, S.] ardent ; warm ; animated. 
Ihportu.vatb, [imporfo, to bear on, L.] presdng ; urging. 
A Koloiu diipo^tkm ; an earnttl solidtalioa ; an JuipcirduMfe reqnrat. 

ZONE, [zona, a girdle, Gr.1 a division of the earth ; a band. 

QiRDbi, [jyrdk. S.] a belt ; a sash. 

Circuit, [c<rc(ii(tu,L.] the apace encloaed in a circle. 

Boundary, [bond, limited, N.] furthest point of extension. 

Limit, [lini**, bound, L.] utmost reach; part which terminates. 

Zone of the earth i a lailf'B firdle.- einial of the ^bei btmndariti at 
cotmtries ; hmiti of tlie solar lyBtem. 


Abandon 6 

Abandoned .... 6 

Abue C 

Abash 6 

Abate 6 

AbbreTiatiini . . 6 

Abdicate 6 

Abettor 6 

Abhor 6 

Abide 7 

Abilitiea 7 

Ability 7 

AWect 7 

Abjure 8 

Able 8 

Aboliih 8 

Abominable. ... 8 

Abominate .... 7 

Abortion 134 

AboM 8 


Abrupt » 

Abscond 9 

Absent 9 

Absolute 10 

Absolve 10 

Abwrb 10 

Absttun 11 

Abitemioni .... 11 

Abstinence .... 11 

Abstiaeat .... 11 

Abstract 9, 11 

Abstracted .... 9 

Absurd 11 

Abmidance .... 12 
Abundant .... 30 

Abuse 12 

AbuNve 226 

Abyta 168 

Academy 2^3 

Accede 78 

Accelerate 1S9 

Accent 248 

Accept 250 

Acceptable 13 

Acceptance .... 12 
Acceptation.... 12 

Access 20 

Accenary 6 

Acceuion 171 

Accident 13 

Accidental 13 

Acclamation . . 35 
Accommodate.. 143 
Accompaniment 13 
Accompuiy .... 13 
Accomplice .... 6 
Accompliib .... 14 
Accomplished , 
AccompL' ' 

Accordance .... 192 

Accordant 83 

Accordingly. . , . 253 

Accost 18 

Account 14, 197, 222 
Accountable . . 34 
Accumulate .... 161 

Accurate 16 

Accusatiou ... 77 

AccuM ........ 15 

Achieve I4 

Achievement . . 98 

Acid 15 

Acknowledge . . 15 
Acknowledgement 15 

Acquaint 173 

Acquainted 16, 181 
Acquiesce .... 7ff 

Acquire 16 

Acquirement .. 16 
Acquisition .... 16 

Acquit 10 

Acnmony 16 

Act 16 

Action 16,17 

Active 17 

Actor 17 

Actual 10 

Actuate 17 

Acute 18 

Acuteneu 208 

Adage 47 

Adapt 142 

Add 18 

Addict IS 

Addition 171 

Addrero 8,18 

Adduce 21 

Adequate..,'... 216 

Adhere 19 

Adherence .... 19 

Adherent 144 

Adbenon 19 

Adieu 136 

Adjacent 19 


Ai^ective 126 

Adjoiniiig .... 19 

Adjourn 217 

idjiurt .... 19, 142 
Adminigter .. ., 1LI3 
AdminiBtnttion 19 
Admiratioii .... 265 
Admiuion .... 20 

Admit 19,20 

Admittance . • • • 20 

Admoaish 20 

Admooition .... 20 

Adore 20 

Adorn 20 

Adroit 71 

Adulatioii .... 20 
Advance 21,33,216 
Advuicement .. 216 
Advaatage .... 21 
Advantageoiu . . 21 
Adventure ... 13 
Adventurous 126, 145 
Adveraarf .... 124 

Adverse 81 

Adverutf 22 

Advertise 217 

Advice 22 

Advise 20 

Advocate 100 

Mn 254 

Affable 22 

Affair 22 

Affect 23 

Affecting 195 

Affection 23 

Affectionate . . 23 
AiBnity ....27,181 

Affirm 41 

Affix 23' 

AfSict 23 

Affliction 23 

AfflueiuJe 228 

Afford 24 

Affray 219 

Affront ....24,201 
Afraid ....24, 137 

After 24 

Age 162. 264 


i^d 122 

^ency 17 

Agent.. 17, 133, 193 
.^nivate . . 24, 161 
ASreiaor .... 25 

Agile 17 

Agitate 237 

Agitation 25 

Agony ....22,205 

Agree 78 

J^reeable . . 24, 25 
Agreement .-. .. 25 
AgricidturiU . . 136 

AM 25, 162 

Aim.... 25, 26, 253 

Air 26 

Alacrity 26 

Alarm 26 

Alertneas 26 

Alien 247 

Alike 126 

All 27 

AUay 27 

AUege 21 

Allegory ; 140 

Alleviate 27 

Alliance 27 

Allot 27 

Allow 19,20,27,209 
Allowance .... 27 

Allude 28 

Allure ,. 28 

Allurements . . 28 

Ally 29 

Almanac 69 

Alone 29 

Also 29 

Alter 65 

Altercati<Ht . . 108 

Alternate 249 

Always. 29 

Amaiis 161 

Amazed 29 

Amazement .... 265 
Ambassador . . 29 
Ambiguous — . 29 
Amenable .... 34 
Amend 30 

Amends 76, 227 

Amiable 30 

Amicable 30 

AroorouB 30 

Ample 30 

Amuse 30 

Amnsement . . . . 31 

Ancestor 146 

Ancient 31 

Ancient times . . 148 
Anciently .... 148 

Anecdote...... 31 

Anecdotes .... 31 

Angle '.'.'."'.'.'. 8a 

An^ry 32,67 

Anguish.... 22, 205 
Ammadveision 32 
Animadvert. ... 63 - 
Anin*] ...... 32 

Animate 33 

Animation .... 33 
Auimo«ity .... 124 

Annals 31 

AnncK 23 

Annotatioi) .... 224 
Amioumie .... 33 

Annt^ 170 

Annual 267 

Annul 8 

Answer 34 

Answerable ..31,90 

Antagonist 124 

Antecedent .... 34 

Anterior 34 

Anticipate 213 

Antipadiy 32 

Antiquated .... 31 

Antique 31 

AnueQ> 22,61 

Apartment 34 

Apathy 171 

Ape 167 

Aperture 2(B 

Aphorism 47 

Apologize .... 34 
Apophthegm .. 47 
Apiwl 113 

Appuel 3S 

Apparent 70 

Apporitioii • . ■ . 36 
Appear. ..187,234 
Appearance.. 26, 238 

Appease 27,36 

Appellaticni .... 196 

Applaud 74 

Applause 36 

ApplicatiDn 43 

Apply 18 

AppoiDt..27, 36, 84 
Apportion .... 27 
Appreciate .... 128 
Apprehend 24, 36, 36 

Appnte 173 

Approach 36 

Approbation . . 40 
Appropriate .... 36 
Approximate . . 36 

Apt 142,221 

Arbiter. 179 

Arbitrary 10 

Arbitrator \79 

Architect 36 

Arcbivea 222 

Ardent.... 139, !66 

Ardor 139 

Ardnoua 36 

Argue 36 

Antiment .... 37 

Ame 37,244 

Amu 37 

Army 37 

Arraign 16 

Arrai^ 70, 114 

Array 36 

Arrive 73 

Arrogance .... 37 

Arrt^ant 1 74 

Arrogate 36 

Art 38,58 

Artful 38 

Article 38 

Articulate 260 

Artifice 38 

Artificer 38 

Artifleial 38 


Artiaui 38 

Artiat 38 

Aacend 37 

Ascendancy .... 46 

Ascribe 36, 38 

Ashamed 39 

A.k 39 

Aspect 26 

Asperse 39 

Asperity 16 

Aspire 26 

Assail 42 

Assailant 26 

AssasniiBt« .... 180 

Assault 42 

Assemblage .... 40 

Assemble 39 

Assembly 40 

Assent 40 

Assert 40 

Assessment .... 252 
Asseverate .... 41 
Assiduous . . 17, 234 
Ass^ 21,27 


Associate 41 

Association .... 41 

Assuage 27 

Assume 23, 36 

Assure 41 

Assurance .... 41 
Astonished .... 29 
Astonishment . . 265 

Astroli^ 42 

Astronomy .... 42 

Asylum 42 

At all times 29 

At last 182 

At length 182 

Atone 42 

Atrocious 161 

Attach .19, 23 

Attachment .... 23 

Attack 42 

Attadn 16 



Attempt 42, 43 

Attend 13, 43 

Attendant 13 

Attention 43, 61 

Attentive 62 

Attest 41 

Attire 36 

Attitude 17 

Attract 28 

Attractions 28 

Attribute . . 38, 219 

Audacity 44 

Augmentation.. 171 

Augur 44 

August 189 

Auspicious 45 

Austere 46 

Austerity 45 

Author 266 

Authoritative . . 74 

Authority 46 

Authorize 74 

Avail 43 

Avarice 43 

Avaricious . 44 

Avenge 44 

Aver 41 

Averse 22, 44 

Aversion 32 

Avidity 45 

Avocation 68 

Avoid 45 

Avow 15 

Awut 46 

Awakeu 46 

Aware 46 

Awe 46 

Awkward 46 

Awry 62 

Axiom 47 

Babble 47 

Back 47 

Backward . . 44, 47 

Bad 47 

Badge 191 

Badly 48 

Baffle 99 

BBlance . 




... 153 

Belief .... 






Band .... 

... 48 

Below .... 

... 258 


.... 48 

Bemoan .. 


Banish .... 


Bead .... 





Banquet .. 




.... 92 

Benefice .. 

... 186 


... 4» 

... 51 



... 51 

Ba:^n .. 

. 25, 59 


.. 21 


... 65 

Benefit. .. 

. 21, 51 



.. 51 






Battle .... 

... 49 



Beseech '.'. 



Besides .. 

... 52 

... 46 

Bestow.. 27, 81, 163 

Be coQsciou 

Bedmes .. 


Be defident 


Betoken .. 

... 44 

Beonone's guard 46 

Better .... 

... 30 


... 52 

Be aecurity 



Be sensible 

... 138 

Beyond .. 

... 8 

49, 153 


Bid .... 62 


Bid adieu 

... 183 

Beast .... 

... 33 

Bid farewell 

.. 183 

... 50 

Bii ■.'.■;;;. 

Beau .... 



... 50 

Beautify .. 

... 20 

... 62 


Blamable. . 

... 93 


... 50 

Blame ... 



... 39 

Blast .... 

... 56 


... 7 

BUze .... 

... 143 

BegSi .... 

Blemish .. 

... 53 



Blend .... 

... 194 



Behavior . . 
Behind . . 

... 2G 


i!lf;s5 ■ 

... 51 

BImd .... 

... 71 

filUs 168 

Bhthe 67 

Blockhead .... 53 

Bloody 231 

Bloodthinty . . 231 

Blot out 53 

Blow 63 

Blunder 127 

Blnateiing 188 

Boaat 164 

Boatman 263 

BodUy 89 

Body 64 

Bog 64 

Boisteroni .... 262 

Bold 54 

Boldness 44 

Bombastic 257 

Bondage 236 

Book 64 

Booty S4 

Border- 54,65 

Bore 208 

Bound 68 

Boundai^ 65,253,267 
Boundaries .... 65 
Boundless .... 65 

Bonnds 65 

Bounteous 51 

Bountiful 51 

Bounty 55 

Br»ce 91 

Bn.fe SS 

Braveiy 91 

Breach 56 

Break 56 

Breaker 363 

Breed 56 

Breeding 121 

Breeze 56 

Brief 237 

Bright 70 

Brightness .... 57 
Brilliancy . . 57, 220 

Brim M 

Bring 57 

Brink 66 

Brisk 17 

Brit^ 149 

Broad 67 

BroU 219 

Brook 57 

BnuM 66 

Brutal 92 

Brute 33 

Bud 245 

BnffooD 145 

Bmld 67, 148 

Builder 36 

Bulk 240 

Bulky 67 

Burden 68, 160 

Burdeuiome . . 161 

Burial 58 

Burleiqne .... 228 

Bnmiug 165 

BuTft 56 

Buuuen 22, 58 

Buatle 58 

Bnjy 17 

Butehoy 62 

Butt 191 

Bnttren 68 

Buy 69 

Bye-word 47 

Cahd 73 

Csiok 72 

CaJMuity 69 

Calculate 59 

Calender 59 

Can 69, 60 

Otlloua 159 

Calm . . 36, 60, 207 
Calumniate .... 39 

Can 60 

Cancel 8, 63 

Candid '. 60 

Cannot 60 

Capacioua ... 30 
CapadonineM. . 60 
Capacity .... 7, 60 

Caprice 166 

C^iridou* 136 

Ci^oui 60 

Cultivate . . 66, 126 


Captivity 81 

Captun 61 

Carcaae 64 

Care 61 

Careful 61 

Careleu .. 172,198 

Cwgo '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 160 

Carnase 62 

Caroiml 137 

Carp 64 

Carriage 26, 62 

Cany 60, 5? 

Ca« 62, 240 

Ca«h 195 

Cait 62 

Caaual 13, 201 

Caiualty 12 

Catalogue 186 

Catch 183 

Cauie 62,63 

Cwtion .... 20, 61 

Candous 62, 63 

CaTe 63 

Cava 64 

Cavity 203 

Ce»e 63 

Cede 5 

Celerity 219 

Celebrate .... 63 
Celebrated .... 63 

Celratisl 63 

Cell 63 

Cenmre. . 16, 63, 64 
Ceremonioua . . 147 
Ceremony .... 147 

Certain 64 

Ceaution 64 

Chafe -230 

Chagrin 261 

Cbwi 48 

Challenge 66 

Chamber 34 

Champion .... 73 
Chance. . 12, 64, 168 
Change .... 64, 66 
Change«ble.... 66 
Character .... 65 


Characterize .. 


Charge 16,42,61,90, 


Charlatan .... 


Charm 66, 101, 


Charming.. 30, 

, 101 












Chat 47,88 







Check 66 

, ZW 





Cheriah . . 148, 200 








Childish .... 











Choose .... 67. 68 

Chronicle .... 

. IK6 

Chronicles .... 




, KH 

Circuit .... 68, 267 


. 114 

, 6f< 

Circumspect .. 



Circumitance 62, 68, 



Civil , 


. 61 


. 93 




Clamor 199 

Clamorous 138 

ClBndeatine 69 

Clup 69 

OluH 69, 161 

Cleta 70 

Cleanly 70 

Clear . . 10, 70, 134 

Clearly /O 

Clearneaa .... 70 

Cleave 19 

Clemency .... 70 
Ckrgymau .... 70 

Clever 71 

Cleveiibesi .... 7 

Climb 37 

Cloak 71 

Clock 71 

Clop 71 

CloiWer 71 



Clothei ....72,261 

Clown 90 

Clonniih 72 

Cloy 232 

Clnmsy 46 

Coadjutor .... 72 

Coalesce 18 

Coarse .... 72, 157 

Coax 72 

Coerce 72 

Coeral 72 

Cogent 72 

Coincide ja 

Cold 67,88 

CoUe^ue .... 72 
Collect .... 40, 151 

Collected 60 

Collection 40 

Colloquy 83 

Color 73 

Colorable 73 

Colors 73 

Column 210 

Combat. , 49, 73, 81 
CombatMt .... 73 


Combuutaon 27, 73 

Combine 82 

Come 73 

Comely.... 50, 122 

Comfort 33, 74 

ComicBl 182 

Command .... 74 
Commanding . . 74 
CoQunemorate.. 63 
Commence .... 60 
Commend .... 74 
Commendable.. 1!:'2 
Commensurate. 216 
Comment .... 224 
Commentary . . 224 
Commerce .... 255 
Commerciid.... 11^3 
Commiseration . 75 
Commission ■ . 74 

Commit S3, 209 

Commodious . . 74 
Commodi^.... 74 

Common 76 

Commonly .... 76 
Commotion. . . 76 
CommoDirealth . 246 
Communicate . . 76 
Communication 176 
Communicative 76 
Communion 75, 187 

Commuiii^ 76 

Commute .... 66 

Compact 25, 71 

Companion . . 13, 4 1 
Con^xmy 40, 41, 48, 

Comparison 75, 140, 

Companion 75,210 
CtMupatible .... 76 

Compel 76 

Compendinm . . 9 
Compensation. . 76 

Competent 76 

Competition .. 76 
Complain .... 77 
Con^laint .... 77 
Complaisance . . 77 

Complaisant. . 23, 69 

Completion 84 

Complex 7t) 

Complexity.... 77 
Compliant .... 78 
Complicated .. 78 
Complication . . 77 
Compliment . . 21 

Comply 78 

Compose 78, 79. 147 
Composed . . 60, 78 
Compound . . 78, 79 
Com{mhend . 79. 86 
Comprebennve 79 

Comprise 65 

Compulsion. ... 84 
Compunction . . 226 
Compute . . 59, 128 

Conceal 79 

Conceslmest . . 79 

Concede 5 

Conceit 79, 214 

Conceited 203 

Conceive 36, 79 

Conception 79, 209 

Concert 107 

Conciliate .... 79 

Concise 237 

Conclude 72 

Conclude vpcm 96 
Conclusion .... 80 
Conclusive.. 80, 140 
Concomitant . . 13 

Concord 80 

Concur 78 

Concurrence . . 40 
Concussion .... 237 
Conctemn 64,226,235 
Condescensioik. . 77 
Condition 38, 80, 340 
Condolenee .... 76 

Conduce 80 

Conduct. . 19, 80, 81 
Confederacy . 37 

Confederate 29 

Confer 81 

CoQfeu 15 

Ctmfewion •-.. 16 
Confide .... 81, 166 
ConfldeiK« .... 41 

Confident 10 

Confine .... 66, 68 

Confined 87 

Coufiaement . . 81 

Confines 55 

Ctmfirm.... 81,221 

Confiiet 81 

Confivm 78 

Conformable , . 26 

Conformation . . 147 

Confound.... 6,81, 

99, 194, 218 

Confront 81 

Confiue 6,81 

Confined 172 

Confiuion .... 82 

Confute 82 

Congratokte .. 138 
Congregation . . 40 

Congress 40 

Conjecture .... 82 
Conjuncture. . 62, 82 

Connect . . 82 

Connexion .... 176 
Conquer 82 

Conianguiui^. . 181 
ConadentiouB . . 82 
ConiCJous .... 138 

Coowcrate 98 

Conaent 40, 78, 209 
Conaequence 13, 121, 

Conaequently. . 198, 


Connder 83 

Cmaiderate 264 

ConnderatioD 68, 83 

Cous^ 83 

Conairtent . . 76, 83 

CoDiole 83 

Conaooant .... 83 
Conspicuoui 1 16, 21 6 

Coutpiracy .... 73 
Conatancy .... 83 

ContUnt 86 

Couaternation. . 26 
Conititnte.. 84, 147 
Conatitutiou 149,156 
Conatrain .... 76 
Construut .... 84 
Construct .... 67 

Connilt 84 

Conaume 84 

Coniummation . 84 
Conaumption . . 96 

Contact 84 

Contt^n 84 

Contaciona 84 

Contain 85 

Contamin&te . . 86 

Contemn 85 

Contemplate ■ . 85 
Contemptible , . 86 
Contemporary . . 72 
Cont«mptuou* . 86 

Contend 86 

Contented .... 86 
Coutendoa. . 66, 111 
Contentment . . 86 
Contest ....81,86 
Contiguous .... 19 
Continence .... 66 
Contingency . . 12 
Contingent .... 13 

Continual . 86 

Continually 29 

Continuance . . 86 
Continuation .. 87. 

Continue 87 

Continued .... 86 
Continuity .... 87 

Contract 9, 25 

Contracted 87 

ContcaiUct 102 

Contrary . . 21, 227 

Contraat 75 

Contribute. . 80, 193 
Contributioa . . 251 

Contrition 226 

ContriT&Dca .. 107 

Contme 107 

Control 66 

Controvert .... 87 

Contumacy ... 87 
Contumely . . . 226 

Convene 40 

Convenient . 74, 87 

Convent 71 

Convention .... 40 
Oonversant .... 88 
Conversation . . 88 
Convene . . 75, 244 
Conversable .. 133 

Convert 88 

Convey 60 

Convict 92, 106 

Conviction .... 88 
Convincing .... 60 

Convivial 88 

Convocation . . 40 

Convoke 40 

Cool 88, 114 

Copious .^1) 

Copiously 182 

Copy .. 88,89, 167 

Coquette 89 

Cordial 161 

Comer 89 

Coporal 69 

Ccwporeal 89 

Corpse 54 

Corpulent 89 

Correct . . 16, 30, 66 

Correction 89 

Correctueas.. . , 180 
Correapondent 90 
Corroborate ■ . 81 
Corrupt.... 86,230 
Corruption .... 103 

Cost 90 

Costiy 261 

Covenant 25 

Cover 90 

Covering 90 

Covet 105 

Covetous 44 

CovetouanesB . . 43 


Council 40 

Coniuel 22 

Count 69,222 

Counteoanee 90, 133 
Counterfeit 167, 245 
Country ..181, 197 
Coimttynun . . 90 

Couple 91 

Oouioge 91 

Coune ..198,220, 
230. 236, 263 

Court 164 

Courteoua . ,. . 22 

Courtly 22 

Cowud 91 

Crack 66 

Cra% 93 

Crave 39 

Create ... 63, 147 
Credit.. 50, 91, 197 

Creed 134 

Crew 48 

Crime 91 

Crimiuil 91 

Crisis 82 

Criterion 92 

CriticiK 64 

Criticiim 32 

Crooked. . 46, £2, 92 
Cross .... 46, 60, 92 
Crouching .... 242 

Crowd 196 

Cruel 92 

Crush 66,206 

Crutch 246 

Cry .... 60, 92, 199 

Culpable 93 

Culprit 91 

CultiTstion 93 

Culture 93 

Cunning .... 38, 93 

Curb ^ 66 

Cure 93 

Curious 94 

Current 247 

Cursory 94 

Curtail. 9 

Curved 52 


Custody 180 

Custom.... 94, 251 
Cynical 94 

Dtuly 94 

Dainty 94 

Dale 260 

Damage ..173,188 
Dampneu .... 196 

Danger 95 

Dare 55 

Daring 64 

Dark -.95,112,203 

Darknem 95 

Dart 237 

Date 2St 

Daunt 113 

Days of yore .. 147 

Dead 184 

Deadly 95 

Ded 95 

Dealing 265 

Dearth 232 

Death 95 

Debar 9 

Debase. 6 

Debate 36,95 

Debauch 188 

Debilitate .... 264 

Debility 96 

Debt 96 

Decay 96, 209 

Decease 95 

Deceit 38 

Deceitful 135 

Deceive 96 

Deceiver 96 

Decency 96 

Decent 60 

Deception .... 38 

Dedde 96 

Dedded 96 

Deciuve ....80,97 

Decision 97 

Declaim 97 

Declare 41,97 

Decline .... 96, 223 
Decorate 20 

Decoy 28 

Decrease 6 

Decree 98 

Deny 113 

Dedicate 98 

Deduce 104 

Deduct 98 

Deduction .... 80 

Deed. 16, 98 

Deem 254 

Deface 98 

Defame 39 

Defamation 98 

Defeat 98 

Defect 53,99 

Defection .... 99 

Defective 99 

Defend 34,99 

Defendant .... 100 

Defender 100 

Defensible .... 100 
Defensive .... 100 

Defer 163 

Deference 77 

Defile 85 

Deficient ..99,134 

Definite 10 

Definitbn 100 

Deform 98 

Deformed . . 92, 100 

De&aud 66 

Defy 65 

D^ade 6, 100, 113, 

Degree 69 

Deity 100 

Dgected 100 

D^ectiou 100 

Dday 163 

Delegate 101 

DeUberate64, 96.264 

Delicacy 96 

Delicate 101 

Deli^ 101 

Delightful .... 101 

Delineation 240 

Delinquent . , .-, 202 

Deliver 101 

Delivennce 101 

DeliTetT 101 

DeU 260 

Delude 96 

Deluge 204 

Deluiioii 135 

Demand 39 

Demeaoor 26 

Demue 95 

Demoliih 101 

DemoDEtrate ..217 

Demur 102 

Denominate . . 197 
Denomiuatiou. . 197 

Denote 102 

Dense 253 

Deny 102 

Departure .... 95 
Dependauce . . 102 

Depict 206 

Deplonble .... 102 

Deponent 103 

Deportment . . 26 

Depoute 103 

Depravation .. 103 

DeprKTity 103 

Depreciate 113 

Depredacion .. 103 
Depressed .... 112 

Depreuioa 100 

Dquive 9 

Depth. 103 

Depute 84 

Deputy 101 

Derange 113 

Derangement . . 103 

Deride 104 

Derision 104 

Derive 104 

Derogate 113 

Dewnbe 224 

Description . . 14, 62 

Descry 141 

Desert . . 5, 104, 243 
Design .... 25, 104 

Desire lOS 

Desist 105 


Desolate 243 

Desolation 221 

Despair 105 

Desptfch 160 

Desperate .... 105 
Desperation . . 105 
Despicable .... 86 

Despise 85 

Despondent . . 105 

Despot 10 

Destination 105 

Destine 2? 

Destiny 105 

Destitute . . 48, 147 
Destroy .... 84, 101 

Destruction 105 

DettructiTC 106 

Desultory 94 

Detach 236 

Detain 106 

Detect 106 

Deter 106 

Determination 106 
Determine.. 96, 142 
Determined. ... 96 

Detest 7, 160 

Detestable.... 8 
Detrwt.... 39, 113 
Detraction .... 98 
Detriment 110, IgS 
Devastation .. 221 

Develope 259 

Deviate 106 

Device 107 

Devise 10? 

Devoid 123 

Devote .... 18,98 

Devotion 107 

Devout 164 

Dexterity .... 7 
Dexterous .... 71 

Dial 71 

Dialect 182 

Dialogue 88 

Dictate 107 

Diction 107 

Dictionaiy .... 103 
Die.... 53, 108, 209 


Diet 40, 146 

Differ 108 

Difference 108, 117 

Different 109 

Difficult . . 36, 159 
Difficulties .... 109 
Difficulty.. 109,200 
Diffident.. 116,194 
Diffiue . . 109, 114 

Digest 114 

Dignified 189 

Dignity .. 164,214 

Digress 106 

Dilate 109 

Dilatoiy 241 

Diligent 17, 109,234 

Dim 95 

Diminish 6 

Diminutive .... 186 

Dingle 260 

Diocese 52 

Direct .... 81, 247 
Direction 18, 19, no 

Krectly 16? 

Disability .... 169 
Disadvantage . . 110 

Disaffection 110 

Disagree 108 

Disappear .... 110 

Disappoint 99 

Disapprobation 32 
Disapprove .... 110 

Disaster 59 

Disavow 102 

DUbeLef 110 

Discard 113 

Discern 209 

Discerning .... 110 
Discernment ..110 

Discharge 113 

Disciple 233 

Discipline . . 66, 89 

Disclaim Ill 

Disclose 97 

Discompose.. ..113 
Disconcert.. 99, 113 
Discontinue ... 63 
Discord Ill 



Kworer 97,106,140, 

Diicounge 106 

Ducoune . . 88, 244 
Diicredit Ill 


DiipoH 114 

DispodtioD . . .. 115 

DispioFe 83 

Dispute 86, 87, 108 
DUre^ird '"' 

. Ill 

DUdain 37,85 

Diidaiuftil .... 86 

DiwBie. Ill 

Diwued 238 

IHwmbodied .. 170 
Disengage .... Ill 
IKHinta^le.... Ill 

DUfiguM 98 

IKwnce 6, 100, 111, 

IKtgnceAil 112 

Duguise 79 

Disguit 32 

Di^ettten .... 106 
Disboneit .... 112 

Duhouor 112 

IKsjob 236 

Diiioiated .... 112 
Dislike.... 32,110 

Disloyalty 110 

DisnuL 112 

Dismantle .... 101 

Dismay 113 

Dismembered.. 113 

Dismiss 113 

Disorderly .... 178 
Disown.... 102,111 
Disparage .... 113 

Disparity 113 

Dispassionate.. 114 

Dispel 114 

Dispense 114 

Disperse 114 

Display 238 

Displease 114 

Displeasure. ... 82 
Disposal lis 

. 79 
, 166 
, 114 
Dissension .... Ill 

Dissent 108. 

Kwenter .... 232 
Dissertation .. 128 
Dissmiulation.. 240 

Dissipate 244 

Dissolute.. 115, 187 

Distant 115 

IMstaste 32 

IMstemper .... lit 

Distinct 109 

DistinctiDn .... 108 
Kstinctly .... yO 
Distinguub 11, 115, 
Distingnished.. 116 

Distort 257 

Distracted 10 

Disti«is 22,23, 116 

District 116 

Distnistfiil . . . . 116 
Disturb .. 116,256 
Disturbance . . 75 

Disunite 11 

Ditch 116 

Dive 210 

Dive into 217 

Diners.' 109 

DiTereiMi .... 31 

Diversity 117 

TUvvrt 31 

Diverted 10 

Divide 117 

Divine 82, 120, \54, 

Divinity 100 

Divirion 206 

Diurnal 94 

Divulge 97 

Do 16,189 

Dodle 118 

Doctrine 117 

Dogma 117 

Dogmatical. ... 10 

Doreful 210 

Dolt 53 

Domestic 236 

Domineering . . 168 
Dominion45, 123,253 
Donation . . 51, 152 

Doom 105, 23S 

Double-dealing 38 
Doubt.... 1&, 117 

Doubtful 117 

Down&l 135 

Doze 241 

Drag 118 

Draw 244 

Draw 118 

Dread.... 24, 35,46 
DreadJid.. 137, 148 

Dream 118 

Dregs 118 

Drench 242 

Dress 72 

Drift 262 

DroU 182 

Droop.... 135, 143 

Drop 136 

Dross 118 

Drove 144 

Drowsy 241 

Drudge S36 

Drudgery .... 266 

Dubious 1 17 

Ductile U8 

Due 96 

Dull.. 100, 112, 143 

Dumb 239 

Dupe 63 

Dupbcity 38 

Durable 119 

Duration 87 

Dutiftil 119 

Duty. . 68, 119, 2S1 
Dwdl 7 

Dye 73 

Each 37 

E>ger 119 

Ekgemeu . . . • 45 

Eariy 243 

Gam 16 

Earth .... 242, 266 

Ease. 119 

Euinew 119 

tuy 119 

EbulUtion .... 120 

Eccentric 207 

Ecclesiastic 120 

Edipae 120 

Ecoiiomical. . . . 130 

Economy 120 

Ec«Mcy 121 

Edge 64 

Edffice 121 

Edict 98 

Educatiou 121 

Eflace 63 

Efect .... 14, 121 

Effective 121 

EtfectB 156 

Effectufd 121 

Effeminate 139 

EServescBDce . . 120 
Efficacious .... 121 

Efficient 121 

Effigy 121 

Effijrt 43, 122 

Effrontery 44 

Efftuion 122 

Ejaculation .... 122 

Elderly 122 

Elect 68 

Elegant 122 

Elevate 185 

Eligible 122 

Elocution .... 122 
Eloquence .... 122 

Elucidate 131 

Elude .... 46, 127 

Emanate 246 

Embairus. . 92, 218 

Embellish .... 20 

Emblem 140 

Embrace ...... 69 

Emerge 229 

Emei^ncy .... 131 

Eminent 116 

Emistary 122 

Emit 123 

Emolument 123 

Emotion 25 

Emphasis 248 

Empire 123 

Empiric 218 

Employ 123 

Employment . . 68 
Empower. ..... 74 

Empty.... 123,164 

Emulation . . 76, 126 

Enchant 66 

Endrcle 260 

Encomium .... 123 
Encompass .... 249 
Encounter .... 42 
Encourage .... 33 

Encroach 124 

Encumber .... 71 
Encyclopedia.. 103 
End . ... 14, 26, 124 
Endeavor 26, 43, 122 

Endless 128 

Endow 177 

Endowment. . . . 163 

Endurance 207 

Endure 49 

Enemy 124 

Energy 145 

Enervate 264 

Enfeeble 264 

Engsge..., ..28, 52 

Eiungement 49, 68, 


Engender .... 56 

Engrave 169 

Engraving 209 

En^ss 11. 

Enji^imeut .... 124 
Enlarge 124 

. 167 
. 126 

Enliven 33 

Enmity 124 

Enormous .... 125 

Enough 125 

Enrapture .... 66 

Enrol 125 

Eniample .... 129 

Enslave 125 

Ensue 144 

Entangle . . 174, 218 
Enter upon. ... 50 
Enterprise .... 43 
Enterpriung . . 125 

Entertain 31 


Enthunast 126 

Entice .... 28, 209 

Entire 77. 264 

Entitle. 197 

Entrap 174 

Entreat 39 

Entreatv 212 

Envious' . . 177. 178 

Environ 249 

Envoy 29 

Envy 126 

Ephemerii .... 59 

Epicm« 236 

Epidemical ..... 84 

Epistle 126 

Epithet r26 

Epitome 9 

Epoch 254 

Equable 126 

Equal 126 

Equip 142 

Equitable 134 

Equity 180 

Equivocal .... 29 
Equivocate.... 128 
Era . 

Erect. . 57, 148, 185 

Errand 193 

Error ........ 127 


Enididon 127 

Eruptioii 127 

Eicape 127 

Eschew 46 

Escort 13 

EipeciaUy 127 

Espy 141 

Eassy 43,127 

Esaential 198 


Esteem 128 

Estimable. . 167, 266 

Estimate 128 

Eternal 128 

Euchuut 187 

Eulogy 123 

Evade 128 

EvqoTate .... 123 

Evawou 128 

Even 126, 184 

Event 12 

Ever 29 

Eyerksting.... 128 

Every 37 

Evidence 128 

Evident 70 

Evil 47,129 

Evince ....36,217 

Exact 15, 129 

Eialt 185 

Examination . . 129 

Examine Ill 

Example 129 

Eiaaperste 24 

Exceed 130 

Excel 130 

ExeeUenee .... 130 

Except 259 

Exception .... 201 

Excel* 130 

Excessive .... 130 
Exchange .... 65 

Excite 46 

Exclaim 60 

Excul[nte ..34, 131 
Excursion .... 130 
Excuse 34,213 

Exemption.... 212 
Exercise ...... 130 

Exert 130 

Exertion 122 

Exhale 123 

Exhaust 244 

Exhibit.... 163, 238 

Exhibition 238 

Exhilarate 33 

ExhoH 130 

Exigency 131 

Elite 48 

Exist 49,131 

Exonerate 131 

Exordium 212 

E^Mnd... .109,114 

Expect 46, 165 

Expedient- 131, 19S 

E^iedite 169 

Expeditioui .. 109 

Expel . 48 

Expend 244 

Expense 90 

Experiment.... 131 

Expert 71 

Expiate 42 

Expire 108 

Explain 131 

Explanation .. lOO 
Explanatory .. 131 

Exphdt 131 

Exploit 93 

Explore Ill 

Exptosion .... 127 

E^MJsed 248 

Expostulate .. 132 
Expound. ... 131 
Express ....97, 131 
Expression .... 266 
Expressive .... 239 

Expunge 53 

Extend.... 124, 221 

Extensive 79 

Extent 186 

Extenuate .... 132 
Exterior 206 

. 126 

External 205 

Extirpate 126 

Extol 74 

EitoH 129 

Extraneous.... 132 
Extraordinary. . 132 
Extravagant .. 132 

Extreme 132 

Extremity 132, 124 

Extricate 112 

Kxtriusic 132 

Exuberant 132 

Eye Io6 

Fable 132 

Fabric 121 

Fabricate 177 

Fabrication.... 139 

Face 81,133 

Facetious . . 66, 133 

Facility 119 

Fact 69 

Facul^ 7 

Faction 133 

Factious 133 

Factor 133 

Fade 53 

Faded 133 

Fail 134 

Failing.,,. 134, 168 

Fwlure 134 

Faint 134 

Fair 134 

Faith..51, 134, 135 . 

Faithful 136 

Faithless 135 

FaU 135 

FaU short 134 

Fallacious .... 135 

Fallacy 135 

Falsehood . 136, 139 

Falsity 136 

Falter 162 

Fame 136 

Familiar 16, 88, 149 

Family 319 

Famoui .. 63 


Finatic 126 

Fancy 79 

FanwM 136 

Fantastic 136 

Far 115 

Fare 136 

FareweU 136 

Farmer 136 

Fascinate .... 66 
Fascinating .... 30 
Fa3hion94, 136, 147 

Fast 11 

Fasten...'. 19 

Fastidioua 137 

Fatal 96 

Fate 64, 105 

Fatigue 137 

Fault - . 53, 99, 127 
Favor . . 61, 156, 91 
Farorable .... 137 

Fawn 72 

Fealty 164 

Fear 24, 35 

Fearfiil 13? 

Fearless ,,,.,. 54 

Feasible 73 

Feast .... 137, 136 

Feat 98 

Feeble 263 

Feel 138 

Feeling 139 

Feien.... 138,177 

Felicitate 138 

Felicity 158 

Fellowship .... 138 

Felon 92 

Female 138 

Feminine 138 

Fen 54 

Fence 139 

Fermentation . . 120 

Ferocious 139 

Ferryman 263 

FertUe 139 

Fervency 139 

Fervent 139 

Fervid 139 

Fervor 139 


Festival 138 

Festivity 139 

Fetch 57 

Fetters 48 

Feud 219 

Fickle 65 

Fiction 139 

Fictitious .18 

Fidelity 135 

Fierce 139 

Fiery .... 139, 165 

Fight 49 

Figure 137, 139, 140, 
. 147 

Filthy 197 

Final 140 

Find 140 

Find fault nith 141 
Find out , . 140, 141 
Fine.. 50, 101, 141 
Finesse ....... 38 

Finic^ 141 

Finish 77 

Finished 77 

Finite 141 

Fire 141 

Finn 141, 159, 230 
Firmness . . 83, 162 
Fit 50, 131, 142, 229 

Fit out 142 

Fit up 142 

Fitted 76 

FU 19, 142 

Fixed 142 

Flag 73, 143 

Flagitious 161 

Flagrant 161 

Flame : 143 

Flash 143 

Flat 143 

Flatterer 143 

Flattery 21 

FUvor 251 

Fkw 53 

Fleeting 252 

Fleetnesa 219 

Flesible ..118,143 
Flimsy 249 


Flock 1-13 

Flourish 144 

Flovr .... 144, 244 

FluetuUe 144 

Fluency 144 

Fluid 144 

Flutter 20$ 

Foe 124 

Foible 168 

Foil 99 

Folk 208 

Follow 144 

Follower ...... 144 

PoUy 145 

Fond 23, 172 

Fondle 63 

Food 146 

Fool 145 

Foolery 146 

Foolhardy .... 146 
Foolish .... 12, 240 

Footstep 191 

Foppish 141 

Forbear 11 

Forbid 146 

Force.. 76, 146,247 

Forcible 72 

Forebode 44 

Forecast 146 

Forefather 146 

Forego 6 

Foregoing .... 34 

Foreign 132 

Foreigner .... 24? 
Forenuiner .... 146 

Foresight 146 

Forest 146 

Foretel 146 

Forethought .. 146 

Forfeiture 141 

Fo^ 177 

Forgetfulness . . 146 
Forgive .... 10,36 

Forlorn 147 

Form 137, 147 

Formal 147 

Former 34 

Formerly 147 


Formidable.... 14S Fulfil ....14,180 Gibe 333 

Fonake 6 Fully 182 Giddinen 185 

Porsweu 148 FulneN 150 Gift 152,153 

VoTtHj 247 Funrtion 202 Girdle 267 

Fortitude 9\ Funeral ISO Give 24,153 

Fortuitoui 13 Purioui 2^ Glad 153 

Fortune 64 Fumiib 21? Gladnen 179 

Fortunate 148 Furniture 155 Glance .. 153,186 

Forward ..33,203 Fury 32,189 Glance at .... 28 

Foster 148 FudJe 266 Glare .... lA 237 

Foul 197 Glaring 163 

Found 148 Gaiety 151 Gleam 153 

Foundation .... 149 Gain .. 16, 123, 162 Glide 241 

Fountain 24.'> Gait 62 QUmmer 153 

Fracture 231 Gale 66 Glimpse 163 

Fi^e 149 QaU 230 Glitter 237 

Fragraace .... 241 Gallant .... 65, 151 Globe. . 68, 163, 266 

Frafl 149 Gallantry. . 151, 162 Gloomy ..112,154 

Frailty 168 Gambol 150 Glory 164 

Frame.... 149. 177 Game 210 Gloss 154' 

Fiaok 60 Gang 48 Gbasary 108 

Frankneu 149 Gap 66 Glow 141 

Fraud 33 Gape 151 Glut 232 

Fraudulent 135 Garrulitr 261 Godlike 154 

Freak 149 Ga«p 206 Godly 154 

Free 60, 75, 101, 149 Gatber 151 Gold 154 

Freedom 149 Gaudy 161 Golden 154 

Freight 150 Qay 66,151 Good 21,154 

Frequent 150 Gaze 161 Good humor .. 156 

Frequently. . 75, 160 Gender 151 Good nature . . 155 

Freib 199 General 151 Good temper .. 155 

Fret 230 Generally 75 Goodness 155 

Fretful 61, 67 Generation. . 56, 151 Goods .... 74, 156 

Friendly 30 Generosity .... 56 Govern 156 

Friendinip .... 188 Generous 51 Govemmeut 19, 156 

Frigid 88 Genius ..162,261 Grace 166 

Fright 26 Genteel 152 Graceful.... 50, 122 

Frighten 150 GentUe 152 Grawous 156 

Frightful. . 100, 137 Gentle 152 Grand .... 157, 199 

Frivolous 256 Gentleness 184 Grandeur 189 

Frolic 160 Genuine 176 Grant .. 20, 27, 153 

Front 133 Oeuus 181 Grasp 183 

Frontiet 55 GesticulatkHi . . 17 Gratefiil 12 

Froward ..47,263 Gesture 16 GratificatioQ ..124 

Frugality 120 Get 152 Grat% ..156,232 

Fnutfiil 139 GhasUy 162 Gratitude ....253 

Fruitless 172 Ghost 36 Gratuitous 156 

Frustrate 99 Ghostly 244 Gratuity 166 

G«ve 16fi 

GraTity 264 

Gteat 52, 157 

Greatuew 240 

Oreedinesa .... 45 

Greeting 231 

Grief 23 

QrieTBDce .... 157 

Grieve 167 

GrieTed 243 

Grim 162 

Gripe .... 183,213 

Grialy 162 

Gtoan 167 

Grow 157 

Ground 148,149,242 

Group 40 

Groye 146 

Grow 49 

Grudge 190 

Guarantee .... 167 
Guard46, 99,139,157 
Guard against. . 168 

GuArdifLQ 157 

Guaas 82 

Guest 158 

Guide .... 80, 158 

Ouile 38 

Guiltless 168 

GuUty 91 

Guise 158 

Gulf 168 

Gull 53 

Gush 144 

Gust 56 

Gyves 48 

Habit 94, 168 

Hallow 98 

Handle 138 

Handsome .... 60 
Hanker after . . 106 

Happen 168 

Happineu.. 168,264 

Ham "8 

Harangue .... 18 
Harass.... 116,264 
Harbinger .... 146 


Harbor. . . . 148, 169 

Hard 169 

Hardened .... 159 
Hardhearted .. 92 
Hardihood .... 44 

Hardly 159 

Hardship 157 

Harm 110, 129, 173 
Harmless.. 168,259 
Harmony . . 80. 192 

Harsh 169 

Harshness .... 16 
Hasten . . 169, 160 
Hastiness .... 220 
Hasty. ...32, 67,94 

Hate 6, 160 

Hatefiil 160 

Hatted .... 32, 126 

Haiu;htine«s 37, 


Haiwhty 160 

HaiJ 118 

Haunt 160 

Have 160 

Haven 159 

Hazud 64, 96, 160 

Head 67 

Headstrong. . . . 160 

Heady 160 

Heal 93 

Healthy 160 

Heap 161 

Hear 161 

Hearken . . 43, 161 

Hearsay 136 

Hearty 161 

Heat 141 

Heathen 152 

Heave.... 161,184 
Heavenly . . 63, 154 

Heaviness 264 

Heavy ... 112,161 

Heed 43, 61 

to take .. 168 

Heedless 199 

Heighten 161 

Heinous 161 

Help 25, 162 

Herd 143 

Heretic 232 

Hereti<«l 162 

Heroism 162 

Hesitate 102,162,233 

Hesitation 103 

Heterodox .... 162 

Hidden 234 

Hide . . 79, 90, 240 
Hideous . . 100, 162 
High .... 160, 162 
High-minded . . 160 

nSrity 194 

HiU 162 

Hind 90 

Hinder .... 92, 163 

Hint 28, 163 

Hire 27 

Hireling 163 

Hit 60 

Hoard 256 

Hoist 184 

Hold.. 85, 106,163 

Holiday 138 

Holiness 164 

Hollon 164 

Holy 164 

Homage 164 

Honest.... 134,240 

Honesty 164 

Honor .... 154, 164 

Hope 166 

Hopeless 106 

Horrible 137 

Horrid 137 

Host 37 

Hostile 21 

Hostility .... 126 

Hot 165 

House 219 

However 166 

Hue 73 

Hug 69 

Huge 125 

Human 166 

Humane 166 

HumaniU .... 61 
Humble .... 6, 166 


HumiditT ■■■. 196 

Humor 156,165,218, 


Hump-Wked 92 

Hurl 62 

Hurricane .... &7 

Horry 160 

Hurt 110,173. 24J 

Hurtful 166 

Husbaudman . . 1^6 

Husbandry . f^l 

Hypocrite .... 166 

Idea 167, 209 

Ideal 166 

Identity 166 

Idiom 1!*2 

Idiot 145 

Idle 166 

iRnominj 172 

Ignoiaut 166 

ID 48 

Illit«rate 166 

Ulneia 238 

Uluminate .... 167 

Illumine 167 

Illu^n 136 

Illustrate 131 

lUustrious. . 63,116 

lU-will 125 

Image 122 

Imaginary .... 166 
Imagination 79, 167 
Imagine.... 36, 254 
Imbecility .... 96 
Imitate . . 144, 167 
Immaterial .... 170 
Immediately . . 167 

Immense 125 

Imminent .... 167 
Immoderate . . 130 
Immodest. . 168, 171 
Immunity .... 212 

Impair 163 

Impart 75 

ImpaMable 168 

Impeach 15 

Impede 163 


Impediment . . 109 

Impel 17,33 

Impending 167 

ImperatiTe ... 74 
Imperfection 99, 168 
Imperious . . 74, 16S 
ImpertiiieDt . . 168 
Impervious .... 166 
Impetuous .... 262 

Impious 178 

Implacable 168 

Implant 169 

Implicate 169 

Imply ..'.'.'.'.'.'. 239 

Import 239 

Importance.... 169 
Importuuity . . 242 
Impose upon ■ - 96 

Impossible 60 

Impost 251 

Impostor 96 

Impress 161^ 

Impression .... 1 90 

Imprint 169 

Imprisonment. . 81 

Improve 30 

Improvement . . 216 

Impudence 41 

Impudent .... 168 

Impugn 42 

Impute 38 

In course 198 

Inability 169 

Inaccessible.... 168 

Inactive 16J 

Inadequate.... 170 
Inadvertent^ . , 170 
Inanimate .... 184 

Inanity 260 

Inattention.... 170 
Inattentive. .10, 199 

Inborn 173 

Inbred 173 

Incapable .... 170 
Incessantly ... 170 
Incident 13, 69 

Incidental 13 

Incite 33, 46 

Inclination. . 23, 52, 
116. 170 

Incline 183 

Inclose 68 

Include 85 

Incoherent .... 170 
Incompetent ,. 170 
Incongruous . , 170 
Inconsiderable 259 
Inconsistent IS, 170 

Inconstant 66 

Incontrovertible 172 
Inconvenience.. 170 

Incorporeal 170 

Increase. . 124, 171 

Incredulity 258 

Inculcate. 169 

Incursion .... 177 

Indebted 171 

Indecent 171 

Indelicate 171 

Independence . . 150 
Indication .... 190 
Indifference.... 171 

Indifferent 171 

Indigence .... 171 
Indigenous .... 197 
Indignant .... 67 

Indignation 32 

Indignity 171 

Indiscriminate 216 
Indisposition . . 238 
Indisputable ..172 
Indistinct .... 172 

Individual 207 

Indolent .. 166,172 

Indubitable 172 

Induce 17 

Indue 177 

Indulge .. 148, 156 
Indulg^t .... 172 
Industrious .... 17 

Ineflable 260 

Ineffectual 172 

Inequality .... 113 
Inert 169 

Inexorable 169 

lueipreigible . . 260 

Infomoua 172 

Inftm^ . . 172 

Iniantine 67 

Infktuated 160, 176 

Infection 84 

Inferenee BO 

Inferior . . 234, 243 

Infidelity 25S 

Infinite 55 

Infirm 263 

Infirmity i)6 

Infiuence 46,91 

Inform 1/3 

Informtmt .... 173 
Information . . 23 

Informer 173 

Iniractioa 173 

Infringe . . 124, 173 
infringement . . 173 

Infiue '. 169 

Ingenuity 7, 173 

Ingenuous .... 60 
Ingeauousneas 149 

Ingrafi 169 

Ingratiate ... 1/4 

Ingnlf 11 

Inhabit 7 

Inherent 173 

Inhuman 92 

Inimical 21 

Iniquitous .... 265 
Injunction .... 74 

Injure 168 

Injury 110, 173, 174 

Injustice 1/4 

Innate 173 

Inner 178 

Innocent 158 

Inofl^ensive .... 259 

Inordinate 178 

Inquire 39 

Inquiry 129 

Inquisitive 94 

Inroad 177 

Insanity 103 

Inicrutable .... 260 


Inteuuhility .. 171 

Insensible 159 

Insidious 174 

Insight 174 

Insigniflcant . ■ 369 

Inunuate 1/4 

IniinustioD 163 

Insipid 143 

Insist 174 

Insnare .. 174,218 
Inwlent .. 168,174 
Insolvency .... 134 
Inspection 174, 1/5 

Inspire 33 

Instance 129 

Instant 175 

Instantaneonily 167 

Instantly 167 

Instigate 33 

Instil 169 

Institute ...... 148 

Instruct 173 

Instruction.. 22, 121 
iDstmment .... 1 75 
Insufficient ... 170 
Insult .... 34, 171 
Insuperable.,.. 178 
Insurmountable 178 
InsiuTcction .. 175 

Integrity 164 

Integument 90 

Intellect . . 153, 358 

Intellectual 193 

Intelligence 23,258 
Intemperate 130,178 

Intense 175 

Intent. ,. 104,1/5 

Intercede 176 

Interchange . . 65 
Intercourse.... 176 

Interdict 145 

Interest 176 

Interfere 176 

Interior 1/9 

Interloper .... 177 
Intermeddle .. 175 
Intermediate . . 176 
Interment . . . .' 58 

Intermisiion .. 64 

Intermit 6 

Internal 178 

Interpose 176 

Interposition . . 1 76 

Interpret 131 

Interrogate 39 

Interrupt 116 

Interval 176 

Intervening .... 176 
Inlerrention -.176 

Interview 192 

Intimate 16 

Intimation .... 163 
In times past . . 147 

Intimidate 150 

Intoxicated 176 

Intrench 134 

Intrepid 54 

Intrepidity 91 

Intricacy 77 

Intrinsic 176 

Introduce 176 

Introductory ,. 214 
Intrude . . 124, 177 

Intruder 177 

Intrust 83 

Invade 124 

Invalid 177 

InvaUdate 364 

Invasion 177 

Invective 12 

Inveigh 97 

Inveigle 174 

Invent 107, 141, 177 

Invert 205 

Invest 177 

Investigation . . 129 

Invidious 177 

Invigorate .... 247 
Invincible .... 177 

Invite 3S, 69 

Involve 169 

Involved 78 

Inward 178 

Irascible 67 

Ire 32 

Irksome 256 

Irony 228 

Irrational .... 12 
Irretragsble ..172 

Irreiniur 1/8 

IrreUgioiu .... 178 
Irreproacbible 53 

Irritate 24 

Irraption. 177 


Jkde 264 

Jwigle 178 

Jm 178 

Jaunt 130 

Jeabui 178 

Jealomy 2S0 

Jeer 233 

jMt 179 

Jilt 89 

JocoM 133 

Joculir 133 

Jocund 186 

Join 18 

Joining 179 

Joke 179 

Jollity 194 

laaiaey 179 

JorialDeaa .... 193 
Joy.. 101, 151, 179 

Joyftil 163 

Judge 179 

Judgement 97,110, 

179, 231, 235 

Judiciously .... 266 

Juat 229 

Justice 180 

Jusiiiy 34 

Justness 180 

JuTenite ...... 267 

Keen 18 

Keep .... 106, 180 

Keeping 180 

KiU 180 

Kind,. 23, 156, 180 

Kindness 51 

Kindred.. 181,224 
Kingdom.. 123, 198 


Kingly 23o 

Kinsman 224 

Knavish 112 

Know 181 

Knoning 110 

Knoivle%e 127 

Known 173 

Labor.... 181,266 
Laborioiu .... 17 
Labyrinth .... 181 

Lacerate 56 

Lack 263 

Lading ISO 

Lag 185 

Lament 52, 77, 157 

Lamentable 102 

Land 181 

Language .... 181 

Languid 134 

Languish .... 143 

Large 62,57 

Lar^y 182 

Lassitude .... 137 

Laat 140 

Lasting 119 

Lsjtly 182 

Latent 234 

Latest l40 

Laudable 182 

LaugliHt. 182 

Laughable .... 182 

Lavish 132 

Law 192 

Lawful 182 

Las 187 

Lay 116, 183 

Lay hold of.... 183 

Laiy 166, 169 

Lead 81 

Leader 67 

League 27 

Lean 183 

Leam 183 

Learned 8 

Learning.. 127, 184 
Leave . . 6, 183, 184 
Leave off . . 63, 105 

Leavings 184 

Legal 183 

Legitimate .... 183 

Leisure 166 

Lenity .... 70, 184 

Lessen. 6 

Let 184 

Letdown 184 

Letha^c .... 241 

Letter. 66,126 

Letters 184 

Level.. 26, 143, 184 

Levity 185 

Lexioin 108 

Liable 248 

Liberal ....51,149 
Liberally . , , , 55 

Liberate 101 

Liberty. . . . 149, 183 

License 184 

Licentiona .... 187 

Lie 136 

Life 33 

Lifeless 184 

Lift 184 

Lightness.. 119, 18S 

Like 126 

Likeness . . 121, 185 

Likewise W 

Limb 192 

LimU. . 68, 142, 185, 
253, 267 

Limited 141 

Limits 55 

Lineage 220 

Linger 185 

Liquid 144 

List.. 185 

Listen 43 

Listless 172 

Literature . 127. 184 

Little 186 

Live 131 

Livelihood 186 

Lively 66, 186 

Livery 186 

living 186 

Load. 68,71 


Loath 44 

Loathe 7 

Lodge 159 

Loteiew.. ..37,214 

L<rfty 162 

Loiter 185 

Lonely 29 

Long for 105 

Look 26, 50, 186,187 

Look for 46 

Looker ou 187 

Loose 115, 187,241 
Loquacity .... 250 
Lord's Supper . 18? 

Lordly. 168 

Loiw 188 

LoM 188 

Lot 105 

Love 23.188 

Lorer 188 

Lovely 30 

Loving 30 

Loud 188 

Low 7, 165 

Lower .... 184, 223 

Lowly 165 

Low-spirited . . 100 

Lucid 70 

Lucky 148 

Lucre 123 

Ludicrona . 182 

Lunacy 103 

Lust after 105 

Lustre 67 

Luiuriitut 132 

Luxuiy 188 

Uadneas . . 103, 189 
Uagnaniini^ . . 162 

Magisterial 189 

MaguiBcence . . 189 

MaKnitude 240 

Huestic 189 

Mium 196 

Main 67, 189 

. 186 


Hake ....147,189 
Make choice of 67 
Make game of. . 179 
Hake known . . 173 

Malady 11] 

Malefactor.... 92 
Malerolent. .. 189 

Malice 190 

Malicioui 189 

Malignant 189 

Malleable .... 118 
Mauacles .... 46 
Manage ....81,107 
Management 19,61, 

Manful 190 

Mangle 196 

Mama 103 

Manifert 70,97,21? 

Manly 190 

Manner 94, 248, 263 
Manners . . 26, 190 

Haivin 55 

Marine 190 

Mariner 233 

Maritime 190 

Mark ....190,191 

Harriege 191 

Marsh 54 

Martial 191 

Marvel 265 

Mask 71 

Massacre 62 

Massive 57 

Massy 57 

Master 211 

Material 89 

Materials 192 

Matrimony 191 

Matter 192 

Mature 229 

Maiim .:..47, 192 

May 60 

Maze 181 

Meagre 183 

Mean 7, 49, 75, 192 

Meaning 239 

Means 263 

Mediate 175 

Mediocrity .... 194 

Meditate 85 

Medium 192 

Medley.... 117. 194 

Meek 152 

Meet 142 

He«tiag....40, 192 
Helancboly 100, 112 

Melody 192 

Member 1!I2 

Memoirs 31 

Memorable 239 

Memorial 195 

Memory 192 

Menace 254 

Mend aO 

Menial 236 

Mental 193 

Mercantile 193 

MerceoBiT 163,261 
Herchanmse . . 74 

Uerciful 156 

Mercileas 92 


Mere 49 

Merit 104 

Merriment .... 193 

Meny 66, 186 

Message 193 

Messenger .... 146 
Metamorphose . 255 

Metaphor 140 

Method 203, 250, 263 
Methodical 193, 204 

Mien 26 

Mghty 212 

Mild 152 

Mildness 184 

Military 191 

Mimic 167 

Mind 43,243 

HindAil 193 

Mingle 194 

Minuter... 71, 193 

Minute 69 

Mirade 266 


Mirth 139, 151, 179, 

Miacarriage . • . ■ 134 
Miscellany .... 194 

MiscliBnce 59 

Mischief 110,129,174 
MiacoDstrae . . 194 

Misdeed 201 

Misdemeanor . . 91 

Miserable 259 

Misfortune.. 59, 129 

Mishap 59 

Misinterpret . . 194 

Mis 188 

Mistake 127 

Misiue. 12 

Mix 1<I4 

Mixture 194 

Moan 157 

Mob 208 

Mock .... 104, 167 

Mode 263 

Model 89 

Moderabon 194, 195 
Modest. ... 166, 194 

Modesty 195 

Moisture 195 

Molest ....170, 256 
Moment . . 169, 175 

Monarch 214 

Mouastery .... 71 

Money :. .. 195 

Monster 265 

Monstrous 125 

Monument .... 1 95 

Mood 165 

Moor 54 

Morals 190 

Morbid 238 

Moreover 52 

Morose 154 

Mortal 95 

Mortifieation . . 261 

Motion 195 

Motive 63,215 

Mould 147 

Mount 37 

Hountain .... 163 


Mountebank . . 21B 

Mourn 157 

Mournful 195 

Move 24fi 

Movables 155 

Movement .... 195 

Moving 195 

Mulct 141 

Multitude .... 196 
Munificent .... 51 

Murder 180 

Murmur 77 

Muse...... 85, 196 

Muster 39 

Mutable 65 

Mute 239 

Mutilate 196 

Mutinous .... 257 

Mutual 196 

Mysteriou*.. 99,191^ 


Mystic 196 

Naked 48 

Name 60, 196, 197, 


Nap 241 

Narration 197 

Narrative 14 

Narrow .... 87, 247 

Nasty 197 

Natal 197 

Native 176, 197, 198 

Nation 197,208 

Natural 198 

Naturally .... 198 

Nautical 190 ■ 

Naval 190 

Nesr 44, 198 

Necessaries . . 198 
Necessary . , . , 198 
Necessitatb . . . . 76 
Necessities .... 198 
Necessity 171, 198, 

Need 171, 198,263 
Nefarious .... 265 
Neglect .. 115, 198 

Negligent 198 

Negociate 199 

Neii^hborhood 199 
Nevertheless .. 165 
New ....199,200 

News 199 

Nice 15,101 

Niggardly . . 44, 120 

Nigh 198 

Nightly 199 

Nimble 1? 

Noble 199 

Nocturnal 199 

Noise 199 

Noisome 166 

Noisy 188 

Nomenclature. . 108 

Nominate 199 

Non-conformist 232 
Note. . 191, 190, 224 
Noted.... 116,200 
Notice 22, 191, 201 
Notion 79, 167, 203, 
Notorious ■ . ■ . 200 
Notwithstanding 165 

Nourish 200 

Novel .... 133, 200 
Noxious . . 166. 202 

Numb 200 

Number 222 

Numeral 200 

Numerical .... 200 

Nuptials 191 

Nurture 200 

Obdurate 159 

Obedient.. 119,200 
Object .... 25, 200 

to 141 

Objection 102, 200 

Oblation 202 

Obligation .... 119 

Oblige 52, 7« 

Obliged 171 

Obliging 69 

Obliterate .... S3 
Oblivion 147 


Oblong 201 

Obloquy 226 

Obnoxious 248 

Obscure . . 95, 120 

Obscurity ^5 

Obsequies .... 150 
Obsequious 200, 242 
ObserrBnce .... 147 
Observant .... 193 
ObservstioQ . . 224 
Observe 180,201,234 

Observer* 18? 

Obsolete 31 

Obstacle 109 

Obstinate 160 

Obstruct . . 92, 163 
Obtwn .... 16, 152 

Obtrude 177 

Obviate 214 

Obvious 70 

Occsnon 62, 63, 201 

OccaaiunsI 201 

Occult 234 

Occupancy . 201 

Occupation 58, 201 

Occupy 163 

Occurrence . . 13, 62 

Ocean 189 

Odd 201,207 

Odious 160 

Odor 241 

Of course ....198 

Offense 201 

Offend 114 

Offender 202 

Offensive 202 

Offer .... 153, 202 

Offering 202 

Office . . 58, 202, 236 

Officious 17 

ORpring 262 

Often 150 

Old 31, 122 

Old-fashioned. . 31 

Omen 202 

Omit 198 

On one's enBrd 46 
One 203 


Only .... 203, 243 

Onset .... 42 

Onward 203 

Opaque 203 

Open 60 

Opening 203 

Operatiou.. 17,266 

Opinion 203 

Opinionated 160, 203 
Opinionative . . 203 
Opponent .... 124 
OpiMirtunity . . 201 
Oppose 73, 102, 200, 

Opposite 21 

Oppreuion .... 258 
Opprobriousnesa 172 

Oppugn 82 

Option 203 

Opnlence 228 

Oral 261 

Oration 18 

Oratory 122 

Orb 68 

Ordain 35 

Order 35, 52, 69, 74, 

110, 114,181,203, 


Orderly 204 

Ordiouy 75 

Orifice 204 

Origin 204 

Original .. 204,214 
Ostensible .... 73 
Ostentation.... 238 

Oval 201 

Over 8 

Overbalance . . 204 

Overbear 204 

Overbearing . , 168 
Overcome .... 82 

Overflow 204 

Overhear 161 

Ovepower. . 99, 204 

Overruling . 213 

Overrun 205 

Oversight. .170, 175 
Overs^vad .... 205 

OveHhrow. . 99, 205 

Overturn 205 

Overwhelm 204, 205 

Outcry 199 

Outdo 130 

Outline 240 

Outlive 205 

Outrage 24 

Outside 238 

Outward 206 

Outweigh ....204 

Own 15 

Owner 211 

Pace 205 

Pacific 207 

Pacify 35 

Pagan 152 

Pam 205 

Paint 203 

Painting 206 

Pair 91 

Pidate 206 

Pale 206 

Palliate . . 132, 154 

Pallid 206 

Palpitate 206 

Panegyric 123 

Pang 205 

Pant 206 

Parable 140 

Parade 238 

Parasite 143 

Pardon 10,35 

Pardonable .... 261 

Pare 208 

Park 146 

Parliament .... 40 
Parsimonious . . 44. 
Parsimony .... 120 

Parson 70 

Part 117,206 

Partake 206 

Participate 206 

Particular 15, .%, 69, 

Particularly 127 

Parts 7 


FartiuD 146 

Partner 73 

PartnerBhip .... 41 

Party 133 

Passage 220 

PasMon 23 

Passiooate . . 32, 67 

Passive 207 

Pastime 31 

Patch 206 

Pathetic 195 

Patience 20? 

Patient.... 177, 207 
Pattern . . . .89, 129 

Pause 102 

Pay 28 

Peace 207 

Peaceable .... 207 

Peaceful 207 

Peasant 90 

Peculiar 36 

Peel 207,241 

Peeviah 61,67 

Pellucid 208 

Penalty 141 

Penetrate 208 

Penetration 110, 208 

Penitence 225 

Penman 266 

Penurious . .44, 120 

People 208 

Perceive ..208,234 

Perceptible 235 

Perception 209,236 
Peremptory. ... 10 

Perfect 14,77 

Perfidious .... 135 

Perforate 208 

Perforation 304 

Perform.... U, 121 
Performance .. 216 

Perfume 242 

Peril 95 

Period ....235,264 

Perish 209 

Perjure 14S 

Permanent .. . 119 
Permission .... 184 


Permit ....19,209 
Pernicious 106, 166 

Perpetrate 199 

Perpetual 86 

Perpetu&Uy .... 29 
Perplex. ...116,218 

Persevere 87 

Persist . . . .87, 174 

Persons 208 

Perspicuity .... 70 
Persuade . . 131, 209 

Pertinacious . . 352 

Perverse 47,263 

Pest 48 

Pestilential 86 

Petition 212 

Petty ........ 256 

Petulant 61 

Phantom 36 

Phrase ....107,235 
Phraseolt^ . . 107 

Phreuay 189 

Pick 67 

Picture 122, 206, 209 

Piece 206 

Kerce 208 

Piety 107 

PUe 161 

Pillage 220 

Pillar 210 

Pinch 212 

Pine 143 

Pious 164 

Pique 190 

Piteous 210 

Pitiable 210 

Pitiful 7. 86 

PiW 76,210 

Place 114,202,210 

Placid 60 

Plain 60, 70, 184,340 

Plainness. 149 

Plan 104 

Plausible 73 

Play 210 

PUyer 17 

Plead 36 

Pleader 100 

Pleasant 24,66,133 

Please 232 

Pleased 153 

Pleasing 25 

Pleasure. ... 74, 101 

Pledge 103 

Plenipotentiary 29 

Plenitude 150 

Plenteous .... 30 

Plentiful 30 

Plenty 12 

Pliable .... 118, 143 

Pliant 143 

Plight 240 

Plot 73 

Pluck 118 

Plunder 220 

Plunge. 210 

Point 26 

Point out 237 

Poise 2U 

Poison 211 

Polished 211 

PoUte..69, 152,211 

Pobtic 211 

PoUtical 211 

PoUute 86 

Poltroon 91 

Pomp 189 

Pompous 189 

Ponder. 196 

Ponderous .... 161 

Populace 208 

Port 169 

Portend 45 

Portion .... 96, 206 
Position210,21 1,263 

Positive 10 

Possess. ... 160, 163 
Possessions .... 155 

Possessor 211 

Posuble 211 

Post 210 

Postpone 16% 

Posture 17,211 

Potent 212 

Potentate 214 


Pmrerty 171 

Pound 56 

Ponr 211 

Power 7, 45 

Powerfiil 212 

Practicable 311 

Practical 211 

Practice . . . .94, laO 

ftaiseworthy ..182 

Prank 150 

Prate 47 

Prattle 47 

Prayer 212 

Precahou* .... 118 

Precedence 215 

Precedent 129 

IVeeeding .... 34 
Precept 74, 117, 192 

Preciiict 65 

Precioua 261 

Predpitauc; . . 220 

Precise 16 

Precinon ISO 

Preclude 214 

Precursor .... 146 

Predict 146 

Prediction ... 212 
Predominuit .. 213 
.. 216 
_ _ . . 212 

Prefer 33,67 

Pret«able .... 122 

Preference 216 

Preliminary 214 

Prelude 212 

Premeditation. . 146 

Preparatory 214 

Prepire 142 

Preponderate . . 204 
PrepouesKd .. 160 
Piepoueuion . . 62 
Preposteroua .. 12 
Pt^gatiTe . . . . 212 
Prewge ....44,202 
Prescnbe ..35,107 
Pretcription . , 94 
Present 162,153,176 


Preserve ..180,232 

Preu 212 

Prenin^ 213 

Premmm^ .... 213 
Presumption . . 37 
Presumptive . . 213 
Presumptuous . 213 

Pretence 213 

Pretend 13B 

Pretend ta 23 

Pretension 213 

Pretext 213 

Pretty 60 

Prenul upon , . 209 

Prevailing 213 

Prevalent 213 

Prevsricate 128 


Previous 34,214 

Prey 64 

Price 90,261 

Pride 37,214 

Priest 71 

Primary 214 

Primitive 214 

Prince 214 

Kincipal 67 

Principally 127 

Principle ..117,216 

Print 190,209 

Prior 34 

Priority 216 

Pristine 214 

Privacy 215 

Privilege ..212, 229 

Priie 61, 128 

Probability 64 

Probity 164 

Proceed . . . .21, 244 
Proceeding .... 216 

Process 215 

Procession .... 215 
Proclaim ....34,97 
Proclamation . . 98 
Procrastinate . . 163 
Procure . . 152, 217 

Prodigal 132 

Prodigious .... 125 


Prodigy 266 

Produce 24, 131,147, 

Product 216 

Production 215, 216 

Profane 178 

Profess 97 

Profession .... 68 
Proficiency .... 216 
Profit .... 21. 123 

Profitable 21 

Profligate .... 6 
Profundity .... 103 

Profiise 132 

Pnrfiueness. ... 216 

Profusion 216 

Progenitor .... 146 

Progeny 202 

Prognostic 202 

Prognosticate . . 146 
Progress ..215,216 
Progression. . . , 216 
Progressive.... 203 

Prohibit 146 

Project 10* 

Prolific 139 

Prolix 109 

Prologue 212 

Prolong 163 

Prominent .... 216 
Promiscuous . . 216 

Promise 216 

Promote 33 

Prompt 109, 221 

Promulgate 9? 

Proneness .... 170 
Pronounce .... 260 
Proof.. 37, 129,131 

Prop 58,245 

Propagate .... 114 
PropeuMty .... 170 

Proper 229 

Property . . 165, 219 
Propitious. . 46, 137 

Prophecy 212 

Prophesy . . 146 

Proportion 220, 260 
Proportionate.. 216 

Proposal 217 

Propose .. 202,218 

Proprietor 211 

Pron^ue 217 

Prosecute 8? 

Proielyte 88 

Protpeet 217 

Prosper 144 

Prosperity 264 

Prosperous 148 

Protect.... 99.232 

ProtcBt 41 

Protract 163 

Prove .... 36, 217 

Proverb 4? 

Provide 217 

Provident 62 

ProvUiun .... 136 
Provoke ....24,46 
Prudence . . 61, 179 

Prudent 21? 

Prudential .... 217 
Prudently .... 26? 
Pry.;.... 217 

p3S5^ ' 'S4,'9J. 217 

Puerile 267 

Pull 118 

Fuoctual 15 

Punish 66 

Punishmeat . . S9 

Purchase 59 

Pure 7» 

Purposed, 104,218 
Purse proud ,. 174 
Pursue .... 97, 144 

Pat 114 

Putrefy ...... 230 

Puzzle.. 218 

Quack 218 

Quake 237 

Qualified 76 

Qualification ..219 
Qualify .. 142,218 

Qualities 218 

Quality 219 


Quantity 96 

Quarrel. ... 109, 219 

Quarter 116 

Querulous .... 219 

Query 219 

Question 39, 117,219 

Quick 17 

Quickness .... 219 
Quiet.. 35, 119.207 

Quit 6 

Quiver 237 

Quote 69 

Race.. 56,219,220 

Radiance 220 

Radiate 237 

Hags 32,189 

Raiment 261 

Raise .... 161,186 

Rally 104 

Ramble. . , , 130, 262 
Rancor , . . . 126. 190 

Range 70. 262 

Bank 69 

Ransom. 223 

Rapacious .... 220 

Rapidity 219 

Rtipine 220 

Rapture 121 

Rare 220 

Rash 145 

Rashness 226 

Rate.. 128, 220, 252, 

Ratify 221 

Ratio 220 

Rational 221 

Ravage 205,221 

Ravenous .... 220 

Ray 49, 153 

Haze 101 

Reach 221 

Ready.... 119,221 

Real 10,176 

Realize 14 

Realm 246 

Reaaoa 14,37,63, 83, 

Reasonable 134, 221 
RebellioQ . . 87, 176 

Rebound 221 

Rebuff 224 

Rebuke 226 

Recall 8 

Recant 8 

Recapitulate .. 226 

Recede 221 

Receipt 222 

Receive .... 20, 250 

Recent 199 

Reception 222 

Reciprocal .... 196 

Recital 197 

Recite 224 

Reckon .... 59, 222 
Reckoning .... 14 

Reclaim 222 

Recline 222 

Reccwnize .... 15 

Reco5 221 

RecoUection ..193 
Recompense 76, ISfi 
Reconcile.... 19,80 
Record. ... 125, 232 

Recount 224 

Recover 222 

Recovery 223 

RecreatioB 31 

Recruit 223 

Rectify 30 

Rectitude.. 156,223 

Redeem 233 

Redrasa 223 

Reduce 223 

Redundancy . . 130 

Reel 246 

Refer 28, 223 

Refined 211 

Refinement 93 

Reflect .... 83, 196 
Reform 30, 222, 223 
Reformation. . . . 223 

Refractory 269 

Retain 11 

Refresh 228 

Refuge 42 

lUfiue 102, IIS, 223 

ReEbte 92 

R^ 230 

Regwd.. 43, 61,68, 

83, 128, 223 

Regardful .... 1V3 

RegudleM .... 171 

Regimen 145 

Vttmon 116 


Regret 77 

Regularity .... 204 

Regulate 81, 156 

Befaeme 225 

Eeign 123 

Reject 234 

Bejoinder 3i 

Relate ...223,224 

Relatkm 224 

BeUtknuihip .. 181 

Relative 224 

Relu 224 

RelentleH .... 168 

Reliance 102 

Relics 224 

Relief 25,223 

Relieve ....27, 162 

Religion 107 

Religion* 164 

-Selinqoidi .... 5 

Eelisli 251 

Reluctant 44 

Remain B7 

Remainder 226 

Renuini , 184, 224 
Remark.... 201, 224 
Remarkable.... 132 
Remedy ....93,94 
Remembrance,. 192 
Remembrancer 195 
Reminisxace . . 193 

Remits 198 

Remit 10,224 

Remnant 226 

Remonstrate . . 132 
RemorM 225 


RemuneratioD . . 76 

Rend 56 

Renew 228 

Renovate 228 

Renounce .... 6 

Renown 136 

Renowned .... 63 

Repair 222 

Reparation .... 227 

Repartee 227 

Repay 22/ 

Repeal 8 

R^eat 224 

Repel 224 

Repetition 225 

Repentance. . . . 225 

Repine 77 

Reply 34 

Repm* 136 

Reprehenaion . . 225 
R^)reaentation 238 

Repreai 225 

Reprieve 225 

Reprimand .... 225 

Repirsal 227 

Rqm>aeh 64, 111,226 
Reproacbfid .. 226 
Reprobate . . 6, 226 

Reproof 225 

Reprove 64,226 

Repugnance . . 32 

Repugnant .... 22 

RepuUtion 66, 136, 


Repute 197 

Request . . .39, 212 

Require 39 

Requirite 198 

Requital 76, 227 

Rescue 101 

Research 129 

Resemblance . . 185 
Resentment . . 32 
Reservation . . . 226 

Reserve 226 

Reserved 194 

Reside.. 7 

ReMduB 226 

Resign '5 

Resignation . . 207 

Resist 203 

Reulve 243 

Resolute 97 

Resolution. 91, 106 

Resort to 160 

Resource - 131 
Respect 126, 164,223 
ReapectfiU .... 119 
Respite. ...176, 225 

Response 34 

Responsible . . 34 
Rest 64,1 19,148,226, 
Restitntdon .... 226 
Restoration 223, 226 

Restore 227 

Restrain 72, 225, 227 

Restraint 64 

Restrict ....68,227 

Result 121 

Retain ....106,226 

Retaliation 227 

Retard 163 

Retinue 216 

Retire.. 222 

Retiremeat 215 

Retort... 227 

Retract 8 

Jtetreat ... 42,221 

Retrtbution 22? 

Retrieve 222 

Retrospect 22? 

Return.... 227, 228 

Reveal 97 

Revei^^ 44 

Reverberate .. 221 
Reverence 20,46, 164 
Reverie ...... 118 

Reverse . . 205, 22? 

Revert 227 

Review..:. 227,228 

Revile 228 

Revisal 228 

Revision 228 

Revive 228 


Revoke 8 

RcTolt .... 99, 175 

Reward 76 

Rhetoric 122 

Riches 228 

Ridicule 104,182,228 

Ridiculous 182 

Right ,180,229,247 

Righteou ' ' ' 





Rim 54 

Rind 241 

Riot 229 

lUotoua 115 

lUp 66 

Ripe 229 

Rise 804, 229 

Risk 95,160 

Kte 147 

m«Iry ....77, 126 

RiTulet 57 

Road .... 229, 230 

Roam 262 

Robbery 103 

Robust 229 

Rock 162 

Ro£ue 230 

RoU 186 

RoDuutce 133 

Room ....'34,243 

Rot 230 

Rotundity 230 

Rove 262 

Rough , . 9, 72, 159 

Round 68 

Roundnesi .... 230 
Roiue ........ 46 

Rout 99 

Route 230 

Roysl 230 

Rub ..... 2.30 

Rude 72,168 

Rueful 210 

Runed 9 

Run . . 48, 106, 136 

Ruinous . 

.... 106 

Scandal . 

.... Ill 

Rule 155, 

158, 192, 

112, 172 



.... 48 




.... 220 

Rumor . 

. ... 136 

Scarcely . 

.... 159 

RuptiiK . 


Scarcity . 

.... 232 

.... 114 



Scent ... 


Scheme . 

.... 104 





Sacred . . . . 

.... 164 



Sacrifice . 


School . . . 

.... 233 

Sad ...... 


Science . 

.... 127 



Scoff .... 



- . ■ . 231 




.... 36 



.... 86 


Scream .. 

.... 93 

Sake .... 

.... 14 


.... 90 


.... 27 

Scribe .... 



...■ 161 

Scruple . 


Salutary - 

.... 161 


.... 83 

Salute ... 


Scmtinr . 

.... 129 


. ... 166 

.... 118 

Sanction .. 

.... 90 



Sanctity .. 

.... 161 

Seaman . 


Sapient . 




Safeasm . 



.... 04 


.... 222 

Satiate. . . 

.... 232 



Satire ... 

.... 228 

Second. . . 



. 76,86 

Satisfied . 

.... 79 

Satisfy. . . 





.... 79 

92, 139 

Secrete one 

sseir 9 

Save. . 101 



Saving. . . . 

.... 120 

.... 234 

Saunter .. 

.... 185 

Secure ... 


Savor ... 



103, 139 

.... 47 


.... 243 


.... 78 


.... 47 


.... lis 

.... 37 



. 133, 267 

Seduce 28 

Seduloiii 234 

See.... 60, 186,234 

Seem 234 

Seiie 183 

Seizure 61 

Select 68 

Self-conceit 234 

Self-sufficiency 235 

Self-wiU 234 

Semblance .... 238 
Sensation. . 138, 236 
Sense 138,235,239 
Sensibility .... 138 
Sensible ..138,235 

Sensitive 236 

Senautdist 235 

Sensuality ' 188 

Sentence,... 97, 235 

Sentient 236 

Sentiment. . 203, 236 

Sentinel 157 

Separate ..11, 109, 
Sepulchre .... 166 
Sepultm^ .... 68 
Sequel ....80,236 

Serene .' ■ . 60 

Series .... 236, 249 
Serious.... 113, 156 

Seirant 236 

Semce. . 21, 43, 236 

. Servile 242 

Servitude .... 236 

Set 116 

Set free 101 

Settle . . 78, 142, 221 

Sever 236 

Several 109 

Severe. .45,169,248 

Severity 46 

Ses 151 

SbacUes 48 

Shade 236 

Shadow 236 

Shake 237 

Shallow 249 


Shame 112 

Shameless .... 168 

Shape 147 

Share ....117,206 

Shwp 16, 18 

Sharper 230 

Shed 212 

Shelter. . 42, 90, 159 

Shift 128 

Shine 237 

Shock 237 

Shockii^ 148 

Shoot 237 

Short 237 

Shorten 9 

Show ....237,238 

Shony 161 

Shrewd 18 

Shriek 93 

Shrink 245 

Shudder 237 

Shun 46 

Shut 72 

Sick 238 

SicUy 238 

Sickness 238 

Sight 238 

Sign 190,238 

Signal 238 

Signalize 116 

S^ficaut 239 

Signification .. 239 
Signify 97, 102, 239 

Silence 239 

Silent 239 

Silly 240 

Similarily 185 

Siraile 239 

Similitude.. 140, 239 

Simple 239,240 

Simulation 240 

Sin 91 

Sincere 60.161,240 

Sincerity 149 

Sii^le 203. 239, 243 
Singular 207,220,240 
Sink 135 

Situation. . . . 6S, 80, 
210, 240 

Siie 240 

Sketch 240 

Skilful 8, 71 

Skill 7 

Skin 240 

Slack ........ 241 

Slander 39 

Slavery 236 

Slaughter . . 62, 180 

Slay 180 

Sleep 241 

Sleepy 241 

Slender 263 

SUde 241 

SUght..94, 115,263 

SUm 264 

SUp 241 

Slotiiful 169 

Slow 241 

Sluggish im 

Slumber 241 

Sly 93 

SmaU 186 

Smell 241 

Smooth 184 

Smoothness . . 144 
Smother . . 246, 249 

Snappish 94 

SnarUng 94 

Snatch 183 

Sneaking 242 

Sneer 233 

Soak 242 

Sober 11,156 

Sobriety 195 

Sociable 242 

Sodal 88,242 

Sodety 41, 75, 138, 

Soft 118, 162 

Soil 242,246 

Sojourn 7 

Solace 83 

Soldier-Uke. . . . 192 
Sole 242 


396 INDEX. 

Solicit 39 Splenetic Ifi4 Stimuhte 33 

SoUdtatioa.... 342 Split 56 StiU 3S 

SoKdtnde 61 Spoil 54 Stipend 37 

Solid.. 143, 159,249 SpoDttneoiolv . 265 Stir 246 

SoUt«rv29,242, 243 Sport ..31, 179,210 Stir up 46 

Solve 243 SpOTtive 186 Stock 24? 

Song 183 Spot 63,210 St<7 64, 66, 163,246 

Soon 243 Spotleu 63 Store 247 

Soothe 27 Spout 24S Stories 31 

Sordid 7 Spnun 34? Storm 67 

Sorrow 24 Spread 114 StiHinj 188 

SoBOwfiil .... 112 Sprightly ..66,196 Story 31,247 

Sorry 243 Spring 244,245 Stout ...89,229 

Sort 160 Sprinkle 245 Stndgfat 247 

Sovereign ....214 Sprout 246 Stniin . . . . 247, 248 

Sonl 243 Spruce 141 ' Strait 247 

Sound ....161, 243 Spurious 245 Struige 207 

Sour 16 Spurt 245 Stnuiger 247 

Source 204, 245 Sfy 123 Stnt^^n 38 

Sp*ee S43 Squander 244 Stray 106 

SpMiout 30 Squeuniih . . . . 137 Streun 57, 144, 247 

^are 24,232 Squeew . ...66, 212 Strength '45 

Spuing 120 Stability 83 Strengthen .... 247 

Spark 151 Stable 142 Strenuous ... . 64 

Sparkle 237 Staff 246,246 Stres* 247 

Speak 243, 244, 260 Stagger 246 Stretch 221 

Special 244 Stagnate 246 Strict 248 

Special 180 Stain ..53,73,246 Strictnre 32 

Spedflc 244 Stammer 162 Strife ...... 86,111 

Specimen .... 89 Stamp 190,233 Strike 60 

Specioui 73 Stand 246 Strip 9 

Speck 63 Standard 92 Strire :. 26,86 

Spectade 238 Stare 151 Stroke 64 

Spectator. 187 Start •. 245 Stroll 262 

Spectre 35 Startle 24$ Strong ; : . . 72, 229 

Specuhttion 263 State . . 80, 240, 246 Structure, 121 

Speech .... IB, 182 Stately 189 Struggle. SJ6 

Speechleu 239 S^tiou 60, 210 Stuhborji 160 

Speed 159 Statue 122 Study. .43, 183, 196 

Spend 244 Stay 87,245 Sturdy 229 

Sphere 68 Steadiness S3 Stutter 163 

S^ 212 Steal away .... 9 Style. . 107, 197 249 

S^t 33 Steep 242 Suavity 248 

Spirited 244 Step 206 Subdue 82, 204, 248 

SjHritual . . 170, 244 Stem 45 SuUect 192, 200, 348 

Spirituoui 244 Stick 19,246 SuUoin S3 

Spite 190 Stifle 246,249 Subjugate .,..248 

S|dcndor. . . . 57, 189 Stigma 191 Sublime 167 

SabmutiTe 78, 165, 

Submit 79 

Subordinate .. 248 

Suborn 148 

SubMirient.... 248 

Subside 6 

Subsist 49 

Snbnstence. .. 186 

Subttantial 249 

Substitute 66 

Subterfuge 128 

Subtle 93 

Subtract 98 

Snbyert 205 

Succeed 144 

Succeuful .... 148 
. 249 
. 237 
Succor .... 26, 162 
Suffer 19,49,194,209 

Sufficient 125 

Suffocate 249 

Sufirage 262 

Suggest 23 

Suneatiau 107,163 
Suitable 25,50,87,90 

Suitor 188 

Sulleu 154 

SuUy 246 

Summaiy 9, 237 

Summou .... 69, 69 

Sundry 109 

Supercilious . . 174 
Superficial .... 249 
Superficies .... 249 

Superfluity 130 

Superinteudence 175 
Superiority .... 130 
Superscription . 18 

Supine 172 

Supple 143 

Supplicate .... 39 

Supply 217 

1S6, 234, 245, 260 


Suppose 36, 254 

Supposition .... 82 
Supposititious. . 245 
Suppreu .. 225, 246 

Sure 64 

Surface 249 

Saige 263 

Surmise 82 

Sutmouot 82 

Surpass 130 

Surprise 266 

Surprised 29 

Siureuder 6 

Surround 249 

Survey ....217, 227 

Survive 205 

Susceptibility . . 138 

Suspense 117 

Suspicion ....250 

Suspicious 116 

Sustain 260 

Sustenance 186 

Swain 90 

Swallow up 10 

Swamp 54 

Swarm 196 

Swi^ 46 

Swear 41 

SweU 161 

Swerve 106 

Swiftnes 219 

Symbol 140 

Sycophant .... 1 43 
Symmetry . . , 260 
Sympathy .... 76 

Symptom 190 

Synod 40 

System , 250 

Taciturnity 239 

Taint 85 

Take 250 

Take beed .... 168 
Take leave .... 183 
Take notice . . 43 
Take puns.... 181 

Tale 132,247 

Talent. . 7, 162, 153 


Talents 218 

Talk 88,244 

Talkativeness . . 250 

Tall 162 

Tame 152 

Tantalize . . 34, 252 

Tardy 241 

Tarnish 246 

Tarry 185 

Tartness 16 

Taste .... 206, 251 

Taunt 262 

Taunting 94 

TautoloOT 225 

Tax 261 

Teach 173 

Tear 56 

Tease . 252 

Tedious. ...241,264 

TeU 97,243 

Temerity 220 

, 149, 

Temperance 11, 196 
Temperate .... 11 
Temperature .. 262 

Tempest 67 

Temple 68 

Temporal .... 234 

Temporal^ 252 

Temporizmg . . 256 

Tempt 28,266 

Tenacious 252 

Tendency.. 170, 262 

Tender 202 

Tenderness .... 51 
Tenet .... 117.263 
Term. . 38, 253, 266 
Terminate. . 77, 124 
Terrible .. 137,148 

Terrific 137 

Territory 253 

Terror 26 

Testi^ 97 

Testimony 128 

Testy. ........ 67 

ThankfidiieM . . 253 

IlieologiKii 130 

Theory 353 

Therefore .... 253 

Thick 263 

Thief 230 

Thin 253 

Think.... 196,254 
Thought . . 167, 203 

ThoughtAil 254 

Thoughtleu .. 199 

Threaten 254 

ThieateniuK . . 168 

Thrifty 120 

Thrive 144 

Throng 196 

Throw 62 

Thwart .... 92, 203 

Tide 247 

Tiding* 1S9 

Tir? 62 

Tillage 93 

Timber 266 

Time 264 

"nme-serring . . 255 

Timely 264 

Timet pait .... 147 

Timid 137 

IWoroua .... 137 

■Hnge 73 

Tint 73 

Tire 264 

Tireaome 264 

Title 196 

ToU 266 

Token 190 

Tolerate. ... 19, 209 

Toll 261 

Tomb 156 

Tone 243 

Tongue 181 

Too 29 

Tool 175 

Torment.. 262, 256 

Torpid 200 

Tortm« 265 

toH 237 

Total 264 


Totter 246 

Touch 79, 84 

Tour 69, 1;10 

Trace .... 104, 191 

Tntek 191 

Tract 116,128 

Tractable 118 

Trade 58,265 

Traduce 113 

TrafBc 255 

Train 215 

Trattorona .... 265 
Tranquillity . . 20? 
... 199 
. . 215 
Tnuwcend .... 130 
Tranacribe .... 89 

Transfigure 265 

Transform .... 265 

Tran^reis 173 

TranBgreaxion . . 201 
Transient .... 262 

Transitory 252 

Transparent .. 208 
Trannnrt . . 50, 121 

Trayel 179 

Treacherous . . 136, 

174, 255 

Treasonable .. 265 

Treasure 255 

Treat 137 

for 199 

Treatiie 127 

Treatment 266 

Tremble 237 

Tremblii^ 266 

Tremendous . . 137 
Tremor ....25,256 

Trench 117 

Trepidation 25, 256 

Trespass 201 

■teal 43,131 

Tribute 251 

Trick 38,66 

Trifling ...... 256 

Trip 130 

Trivial 256 

Tnmble ....23,256 

Troubles !09 


True 240 

Trust ..51,81, 165 

Trusty 135 

Truth 256 

Try 266 

Tug 118 

Tumble 136 

Tumid 267 

Tumult ...58,229 
Tumultuary .. 257 
Tumultuous . . 257 
Turbulent. . 188, 257 

Turgid 267 

Turn 62,267 

Twirl 257 

Twist 267 

Type 140 

Tyrannical 10 

T^nnny 358 

Ugly 100 

Ultimate 140 

Umpire 179 

Unbelief ..110,268 
Unblemished .. 53 

Unbounded 55 

Uncertain 118 

Unooncemed . . 171 
Uncoaqnerable 177 

Uncover 268 

Uncovered .... 48 
Undaunted .... 54 
Undeniable .... 172 

Under 258 

Undermine .... 232 

Understand 79 

Understanding 23t, 
Undertaking .. i3 
Uudetermined . 258 
Uneasy ..... 219 

Uneven 201 

Un&ithful .... 135 
UnfoeUng .... 169 

Unfold 2B9 

UngovemaUe.. 269 


Uihappy..... 2&9 
Uniform . . 136, 186 
TJniinpoTtant . ■ 259 
tJDinterruptedly 170 

Union 179 

UniM 82 

Universal .... 161 

Unjust 266 

Unlearned 167 

Unless 259 

Unlenered .... 167 
Unlimited .... 65 
Unmerciful.... 92 
Unoffending . . 259 

Unpolite 72 

Unquestionable 172 

UnraTel 259 

Unreasonable.. 11 
Unrelenting , . 168 
Unrestrained ..116 

Unruly 259 

Unsearchable . . 259 
Unsettled .... 258 
Unspeakable . . 260 
Unspotted .... 63 
Unsteady.... 66,258 
Untoward .... 46 

Untruth 136 

Unutterable .. 260 
Unwilling , , . , 44 
Unworthy .... 260 

Upbnud 64 

Upon 8 

Uproar .... 6R. 229 

Urbanity 248 

Vige 33 

Urgent 213 

Us^e 94,256 

Use 43, 123 

endeavor.. 181 

Usually 75 

Usurp 36 

UtiLly 21 

Utter 97, 260 

Vacancy 260 

Vacant. ... 123, 166 


Vacuity 260 

Viwue 187 

vim 166,172 

Vale 260 

Vdley 260 

Valor 91 

Valuable 261 

Value.... 128,261 

Vanish 110 

Vanity .... 37, 214 
Vanquish .... 82 

Variable 65 

Variation . . 65, 261 
Variety.... 117,261 

Various 109 

Varnish 154 

Vary 66, 108 

Vast 125 

Vault 156 

Vehement.. 188,262 

Veil 71 

Velodty 219 

Venal 261 

Venerate. ... 20, 128 

Venial 261 

Venom 211 

Venture .... 95, 160 

Veracity 256 

Verbal 261 

Vei^ 55 

Versatile 65 

Vestige 191 

Vesture 261 

Vex 114,252 

Vexation 261 

Vejcatiou* .... 256 

Vice 91 

Vicinity 199 

Vicissitude 65 

Victim 262 

Victor 82 

Vie 86 

View 25,60, 186, 217 

Vigilant 262 

Vigor 145 

Vile 7,48,49 

Viliftr 228 

Vinicate 41,44,99 

Violate 173 

Violence 146 

Violent.... 67,262 

Virtue 165 

Vis^tc 133 

Visible 70 

Vision 35 

Visionary. . 126, 166 

Visitant 158 

Visitor 158 

VJTacious 186 

ViTStity 33 

Vivid : 70 

VocabuluT .... 108 

Vocal 261 

Voice 262 

Void 123 

Voktihty .... 186 

VolubiUty , . . . 144 

Volume 54 

Voluntarily.... 265 

Voluntary .... 166 

Voluptuary.... 236 

Voluptuousness 188 

Voracious .... 220 

Vote 262 

Vouch- 41 

Voyage 179 

Vidgw 76 

Wages 27 

Waitfor 46 

Wait on 43 

Wakeful 262 

Walk 62 

Wan 206 

Wander ..106,262 
Want ....171,262 

Ware 74 

WarUke 191 

Warm 161 

Warmth . . 139, 141 

Warning 20 

Warrant 157 

Wary 63 

Waste 84,244 

Watch ....99,201 
Watchful 262 



Vatermaa 833, 263 

Wave 263 

Waver ....144,233 
Waveriiw .... 259 

W«y 229,263 

Wsywml 263 

Weak 2o3 

Weakaeu .... 168 

Weaken 264 

Wealth 228 

■ Weapons 37 

Wearineig .... 137 
Weamome .... 264 

Weary 26t 

WedtoB 191 

Wedlock 191 

Weep 92' 

Weight m, 169, 264 

Weighw 161 

Welcome. ... 12 

Welfare 264 

Well-being .... 264 

^^Tieedle 72 

Whim 149 

Whimsical .... 136 
Whirl 257 


Whole ....27,264 
Wholesome. .. 161 
Wicked ....47,265 

Wide 57 

WiU 265 

Willingly 265 

Wily 93 

Win 16 

Wind 267 

Wisdom 61 

Wisely 265 

Wish 266 

Wish for 106 

Wit ......173,228 

Witneis 103 

Withdraw .... 222 

Wither 53 

Withered 133 

Withstand .... 203 
Without inter- 
miisioD .... 170 

WtrfHjl 210 

Wonder 265 

Wood ....146,26^ 

Wooer 188 

Word ....216,266 

Work ....216,266 

World 266 

Worldly 2M 

Worship 20 

Worth .... 104, 261 

Worthy 266 

Worthless 260 

Wrangle 178 

Wrath 32 

Wrathful 67 

Wrest 257 

Wrench 257 

Wretdied .... 259 

Wring 257 

Writer 266 

Writhe 2S7 

Wrong 174 

Yearly .-267 

Yet 165 

Yield.. 5, 24, 49, 78 
Yielding... 78, 118 
Youthful 267 

Zealous 267 

Zone 267 

u satTAKs. n-ier stki 

, t;ix,.,ic